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Full text of "A Volume of records relating to the early history of Boston : containing miscellaneous papers"

BOSTON 



PUBLIC 



IBR&RY 




A VOLUME 



EECOKDS 



KELATINO TO THE 



CONTAINING 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784 TO 1796 




BOSTON 

MUNICIPAL PRINTING OFFICE 
19,03 




-;R 



[DOCUMENT 101 1903.] 




REGISTRY DEPARTMENT 

OF THE 

CITY OF BOSTON 

EECOEDS RELATING TO THE EAELY HISTORY 
OF BOSTON 

(Formerly called Record Commissioners'' Reports) 



This volume, which is the thirty-first in the series formerly 
issued under the direction of the Eecord Commissioners, contains 
the proceedings of the town from 1784 to 1796, completing the 
eighth book of the original records of the town of Boston. 



EDWARD W. McGLENEN, 

City Registrar. 



OLD COUKT HOUSE, BOSTON. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS. 



[SEVENTH BOOK, CONTINUED.] 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legaly warned in 
publick Town Meeting Assembled at Fanieul Hall the 23 Feb- 
ruary" Anno Domini 1784. 10. OClock Forenoon 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

It was moved and Voted, that a Moderator for the Meeting be 
chosen by a Hand Vote. 

Stephen Higginson Esq r : 

was chosen Moderator of this Meeting and took his Seat accord- 
ingly 

The Petition of a Number of the Inhabitants to the Gentelmen 
the Selectmen Sitting forth "That whereas it is expected by 
some People that the Town of Boston be Illuminated on the 
occasion of the Ratification of the [296] Definitive treaty of 
Peace ; and as in their Opinion such a Measure was not only 
Expensive, but would be dangerous to the Town at this Season 
of the year they therefore requested that a Meeting of the 
Inhabitants might be called in order that the Minds of the Town 
may be taken on the Subject" was read whereupon it was 
moved 

That the Question be put whether it be the sense of the In- 
habitants that there should be a general Illumination of the 
Town on occasion of the Definitive Treaty of Peace, and the Ques- 
tion being accordingly put Passed in the Negative by a very 
great majority of the Inhabitants 

But it being the sense of the Town that it was proper that the 
pubh'ck Buildings should be Illuminated, it was moved and 

Voted, that the Gentelmen the Selectmen be and hereby are 
Authorished & requested to take order of the Illumination of 
Fanuiel Hall on the Occasion 



2 CITY DOCUMENT. 

It was then Moved and Voted that the Thanks of the Town 
be given to [297] Stephen Higginson Esq r . for his Services as 
Moderator of the Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneiul Hall on Monday the 8 th 
Day of March Anno Domini 1784 

Prayer was made by the Rev d : M r : Wight 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting were acftord- 
ingly read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes, for a Moderator of this Meeting, and the same being 
brought in and sorted it appeared that 

John Brown Esq r : 
was chosen Moderator 

William Cooper Esq r : 

was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing and took the Oath 
of Office for the faithful discharge of his duty, which Oath was 
Administred to him by 

[298.] The Town having determined by a Voted to choose 
Seven Selectmen, the Inhabitants were then directed to with- 
draw and bring in their Votes for that number, and the same 
being brought in and sorted it appeared that the following Gen- 
telmen - - Viz 1 : 

John Scollay Esq r . 248 

Thomas Greenought - 184 

Nathan Frazier Esq r . - - - - - - - 166 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 280 

Cap*. William Mackay 250 

Samuel Austin Esq r : excus'd - - - - 164 

John Lucas Esq r . --162 

were chosen Selectmen for the ensuing Year 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock in the Afternoon 

3. O'Clock, afternoon met according to adjournment 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for twelve Overseers of the Poor, and the Votes having 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 3 

been brought in and sorted it Appeared that only ten were chosen- 
Viz 1 : 

The Hon ble : William Phillips Esq r . 

Isaac Smith Esq r . 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

Cap 1 : Samuel Partridge 

M r . Samuel Whitwell 

John White Esq r . 

Edward Procter 
[299.] William Powell Esq r . 

John Sweetser Esq r . 

Joseph Webb Esq r . 

The Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for two Overseers of the Poor, and the same being 
brought in and sorted, it appeared that 

Timothy Newell Esq r . (excused) 
Edward Payne Esq r . (excused) 

Edward Payne Esq r . chosen an Overser having desired to be 
excused by the Town from serving in that Office he was accord- 
ingly excused 

This being the time for the consideration of the choice of 
Wardens It was moved that the choice of Wardens be referred 
to the General Town Meeting in March next And the Ques- 
tion being accordingly put Passed in the Negative 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz* : 

To consider and determin with respect to a Letter from the 
Chairman of the Committee of the Town of Wrentham and Med- 
way relative to a County Meeting at Dedham the third Wednes- 
day in March Inst was read whereupon 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed to draught a Letter to 
said Committee, and to Report at the Adjournment 

[3OO.] Voted, that Joseph Barrel Esq r . 
William Tuder Esq r . 
Cap'. Sarson Belcher 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The Town brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire Wards, and 
the same having been sorted it Appeared, that 

John Scollay Esq r . excused 

William Cooper Esq r . 

Francis Shaw Esq 1 ". excused 

Edward Procter Esq r . 

Caleb Davis Esq r . 



4 CITY DOCUMENT. 

M r . Thomas Tileston 
Cap 1 . Gustavus Fellows 
Joseph Webb Esq r . 
M r . John Lowell excused 

Thomas Melville Esq r . excused 
Jabez Hatch Esq r . 
Cap'. Isaac Phillips 
Josiah Waters ju r . Esq r . 
M r . Jacob Rhodes 
Cap 1 . Ebenezer Parsons 
John Coffin Jones Esq r . excused 
were chosen Fire Wards for the ensuing Year 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes, for a Clerk of Faneuiel Hall Market, and upon sorting 
them it appeared, .that 

Cap* : John Ballard 
was chosen Clerk of Faneuiel Hall Market for the Year ensuing 

[3O1.] This being the time that the consideration of the 
choice of a Committee of Correspondence should come on It 
was moved that the Question be put Whether it be the sense 
of the Town to choose a Committee of Correspondence Inspec- 
tion and Safety the present Year and the Question being 
accordingly put Passed in the Negative 

Moved and Voted, that 11. O'Clock tomorrow be the time 
Assigned for the choice of a County Treasurer 

Voted, that all matters relative to Grant of Money &c come on 
immediately after the choice of a County Treasurer 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday Next. 10. 
OClock Before Noon 

Tuesday March 9 th . 10. OClock Forerloon, met according to 
Adjournment 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in there 
Votes for twelve Constables, & the same being brought in & 
sorted it Appeared that nine only Viz*. 

Mess ra : William Patten sworn 

Samuel Smith -------- sworn 

Samuel Whitney -- sworn 

Barth w : Broaders ------- sworn 

Rufus Bent sworn 

Isaac Wendell sworn 

John Butterfield -------- sworn 

George Harnlin sworn 

John Jenkins --------- sworn. 

were chose Constables for the Year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 5 

[3O2.] Francis Shaw Esq r . having desired to be excused from 
serving as a Fire Ward, he was accordingly excused, and on a 
Motion 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
unto Francis ShawEsq r . for his long & faithful Sen-ices as a Fire 
Ward 

Samuel Austin Esq r . was excused by the Town from serving 
as a Selectman, 

The Inhabitants- having brought in their Votes for one Select- 
man in the room of M r : Austin ; upon sorting the same it ap- 
peared that 

David Jeffries Esq r . 
was chosen a Selectman for the Year ensuing unanimously 

The Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes for a 
Town Treasurer and upon sorting them it appeared that 

M r . Peter Boyer 
was chosen Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing unanimously 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in there 
Votes for a County Treasurer, which were received & Sealed up 
in Meeting, and then delivered to Constable Smith, to be by 
him returned to the Court of General Sessions of the Peace at 
there next Meeting 

The Report of the Committee on the late Town Treasurers 
Accounts, was read [3O3] whereupon it was moved & Voted, 
that the same be recommitted, and that 

Joseph Barrell Esq r . 

Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

M r . William Horskins 

be Added to the Committee, who are desired to Report at the 
Adjournment 

Deacon Newell chosen an Overseer was excused by the Town 
from serving in that Office 



John Coffin Jones Esq r . excused by the Town from serving as a 
Fire Ward the Year ensuing 

On a Motion Voted, that the consideration of Money Matters, 
be referred to four O'Clock Afternoon 

The Inhabitants withdrew, and brought in their Votes for two 
Overseers of the Poor, and upon sorting them it appeared that 



6 CITY DOCUMENT. 

M r : Henry Prentice 

M r : Jonathan L. Austin 

were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the year ensuing unani- 
mously 

Adjourned to 3. OClock Afternoon 

3 O'Clock Afternoon met according to Adjournment 

The Inhabitants withdrew and brought ia their Votes for two 
Fire Wards and upon sorting them it appeared that 
Cap 1 : Mungo Mack-ay 
M r . Joseph Russel Ju r . 
were chosen Fire Wards for the year ensuing 

[3O4.] Voted, that the Gentelmen the Selectmen be requested 
to lay a State of the New Emission State Tax before the Town 
as soon as may be 

Voted, that M r . Peter Boyer be allowed and paid the Sum of 
One hundred and fifty Pounds for his services as Treasurer the 
present Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall be- 
come due, and to commence the first of March Inst 

Voted, that William Cooper Esq r . be allowed and paid the sum 
of One hundred & fifty pounds for all his services in that Office 
the Year ensuing as Town Clerk, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence from the first 
of March Inst : 

On a Motion Voted, that the further consideration of Salaries 
be referred to the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Voted, that, the Committee appointed to consider and Report 
on the State of the Schools, be desired to Report at the last 
Adjournment of this Meeting 

Adjourned to Wednesday next 10. O'Clock Forenoon 

Wednesday March 10 th . 10 O'Clock Forenoon met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

On a Motion Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given unto [3O5] Harbottle Dorr F)sq r . for his good 
and faithful Services as a Selectman for Seven Years past also 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
unto Tuttle Hubbart Esq r for his good & faithful Services as a 
Selectman for some Years past 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 7 

The following Persons were chosen Clerks of the Market for 
the ensuing year Viz 1 . 

Mess. Arnold Wells Jun r : 
Daniel Austin 
Thomas Amory Jun r : 
Gilbert Deblois 
Joseph Woodward 
Thomas Rogers 
Martin Sohier 
Nathaniel Gardner 
Samuel Gillman 
James Minot 
Daniel Greenleaff 
Simon Eliot Ju r . (all sworn) 

On a Motion Voted, that Collectors of Taxes be chosen sepe- 
rate from Constables 

Mess : William M c Neil 

Edward How 
were chosen Surveyors of Hemp for the Year ensuing 

Mess 1 " 8 : George Hamlin sworn 

Samuel Curtis sworn 
were chosen Haywards for the year ensuing 

[3O6.] Mess : William Sharp 

Jacob Edes 
Josiah Simpson 
John Skinner 
were chosen Hogreeves for the ensuing Year 

Mess 18 : John Neat 

Jonathan Stoddard 
Daniel Brown 
William dough 
Samuel Todd 
were chosen Fence Viewers for the year ensuing 

Mess 18 . Nathan Green 
Samuel Bangs 
Joseph Hayden 
Stephen Gore 
were chose Sealers of Leathers for the Year ensuing 

M r . William Dawes Jun r : 
was chosen an Informer of Deer for the Year ensuing 



8 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Ward 

Mess : John Brown N. 1 

Jedediah Parker 2 

Abiel Ruddock ...3 

Peter Sigorney -4 

James Gary Jun r 5 

Foster Condy 6 

Isaac Pierce 7 

Zachariah Hicks 8 

Shubael Hews - 9 

Joseph Shed 10 

[3O7.] George Langley 11 

Joseph Sprague ---12 

were chosen Scaviugers for the year ensuing 

Mess rs : Thomas Green 

John Skinner 
were chosen Assay Masters for the year ensuing 

Voted, that the Town will not come to the choice of purchasers 
of Grain 

The Selectmen 
were chosen Surveyors of the High Ways for the Year ensuing 

John Lucas Esq r . 

M r . Edward Tuckerman 

M r . John Jenkins 

John White Esq r . 
M r . Edward Edes 
were chose Surveyors of Wheat & Flour for the Year ensuing 

The Town having by a Vote determined to choose seven As- 
sessors The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes accordingly, and the same being brought in & 
sorted, it appeared that 

Mess 18 : William Lowder 
Gyles Harris Esq r : 
Moses May 
John Pulling 

Barth w : Kneeland (excused) 
Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 
Cap*. William Fleet 
were chosen Assessors for the Year ensuing 

[3O8.] Adjourned to 3. OClock Afternoon then to meet 
3 OClock Afternoon Met according to Adjournment 

M r . Bartholomew Kneeland, having been excused from serving 
as an Assessor the Inhabitants brought in there Votes for one in 
his room and upon sorting them it appeared that 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 9 

M r . John R. Sigorney 
was chosen Assessor, unanimously. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz t . " Whether the Town will 
reconsider their late Vote for the Treasurer not issuing his War- 
rant against Delinquent Collectors." was read, whereupon Voted, 

That the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is directed to issue 
his Warrant against Delinquent Collectors untill the further 
Orders of the Town the Vote of the 26 of December notwith- 
standing 

The Town having determined to come to the choice of four 
Collectors of Taxes The Inhabitants withdrew and brought in 
their Votes accordingly, when it appeared that the following 
Persons Viz 1 . 

Mess : James Thompson ------ sworn 

Thomas Bayley sworn 

Daniel Parker sworn 

Charles Williams ------ sworn 

were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year, ensuing 

[3O9.] That Article in the Warrant Viz 1 : "To consider 
what further Measures are necessary to regulate the Market " 
was read whereupon 

Moved and Voted, that the Committee for carrying the Votes 
of the Town into execution with respect to Dock Square and 
the Market, be a Committee to consider what further measures 
are necessary to regulate the Market, and Report at the Adjourn- 
ment 

Moved and Voted, that twelve Persons be chosen as Surveyors 
of Boards for the present Year 

On a Motion Voted, that the. choice of Cullers of Staves & 
Hoops, and Surveyers of Boards, and Shingles, be referred to 
the Adjournment of this Meeting and that those Officers be 
chosen by Ballot 

Voted, that Edward Payne Esq r : 

Herman Brimer Esq r : 

Edward Green Esq r : 

Charles Miller Esq r : 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r : 

be, and hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Ac- 
compts of M r . Peter Boyer Treasurer, and also the Accompts of 
the Overseers of the Poor ; and the said Committee are impowered 
when they shall Audit said Accompts, to allow such of the Over- 
seers as shall have Advanced Monies [31O.] for the Relief of 
the Poor, Interest on all such Sums from the Time so advanced, 



10 CITY DOCUMENT. 

untill they have Audited said Accompts ; and they are also 
desired to Report from time to time a State of the Treasury 
respecting its Debts and Credits, and on any Matters that they 
may think proper 

And the Committee are also directed to examine the Draughts 
of the Selectmen 

Adjourned to Thursday the 18 th . Day of March Inst : 10. 
O'Clock in the Forenoon 

Thursday the 18 th Day of March 10 OClock Forenoon met 
according to Adjournment 

The Committee for carrying the Votes of the Town into effect 
with respect to Dock Square and the Market Report the fol- 
lowing regulations 

1 st . That the North East Corner of the Market house be 
appropriated as an Office for the Clerk of the Market 

2 d . That all the Stands be numbered on the Rale 

3 d . That the Clerk have Tickets numbered for each Stand, 
agreeable to the number on the Rale, the Market Men to call, 
upon him at his Office and take their proper stands by Lot 

4 th . That the Clerk keep a Book of the Names of the Market 
Men, and the number of their stands also that he keep a fair 
Account of all the Monies he may receive from them from time 
to time 

[311.] 5 th . That those who do not Apply for a Stand in a 
fortnight After notice is given by the Clerk, but stop in the 
Streets contrary to Law shall be prosecuted 

6 th That the Market Men pay Weekly for their Stands, in 
Ranges N. 1. 2. 3. 4. & 5. at the rate of 3/ for their Stands, in 
Ranges N. 8 at 2/N. 6 & 7 for Panyards at 2/ ^ day- 
The Range on the North Side the Market House for Lemmon 
Sellers &c not exceeding 3/ ^ Week at the discretion of the 
Clerk 

7 th . That the Clerk follow the directions of the Selectmen 
from time to time ; that he have a reasonable Allowance for his 
Services And that the Selectmen afford him such Assistance 
as he may have occasion for 

8 th . That the Horses & Cattle be taken from ,the Carts and 
fastned to the Rails on the South side the Market House 

Henry Prentice ^ Order 

9 th . That the Clerk of Faneuil Hall be directed to settle his 
Accounts of Monies received, with the Town Treasurer once in 
three Months, and to pay him any ballance then in his hands 

The foregoing Report, having been considered the Question 
was put Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in the 
Affirmative 

The Inhabitants having withdrawn and as directed by the 



BOSTOX TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 11 

Moderator brought in their Votes for three Constables, and the 
same being sorted it appeared, that 

Mess rs : Isaac Tuckerman sworn 

Nathaniel Henchman sworn 
John Turner Hierly sworn 
were chosen Constables for the Year ensuing 

[312.] Col: Proctor chosen into the Office of Fire Ward, 
having desired that he may be excused from serving in that 
Office, the Question was accordingly put which passed in the 
Negative 

Moved, and Voted, that the consideration of all Money Matters 
be referred over to the Adjournment and that notice be given 
thereof in the Publick Prints 

Moved and Voted, that when this Meeting shall be Adjourned, 
it shall be to the 5 th . Day of April next, being Monday 3. OClock 
Afternoon 

M r . John Lowel chosen a Fire Ward having desired to be 
excused from serving in that Office, he was accordingly excused 

Major Melvillee chosen a Fire Ward having desired to be ex- 
cused from serving in that Office he was accordingly excused 

John Scollay, having desired to be excused from serving as a 
Fire Ward, he was accordingly excused 

Col. Proctor chosen one of the Fire Wards, for the present 
year, came into Meeting and informed the Town that he should 
not serve in that Office 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for twelve Surveyors of Boards, and Shingles, and upon 
sorting them it appeared, that 

[313.] Mess rs : John Champney 

Joseph Butler 
Henry Blaisdel 
Benjamin Page 
Abraham Howard 
Joseph Ballard 
James Rogers 
Edmund Ranger 
Clement Collins 
Joseph Eyres 
Samuel Fenno 
Samuel Dyer 
were chosen Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing 



12 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
unto John Scollay Esq r : for his good and faithful Services as a 
Fire Ward for thirty five years Past 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
unto Col. Proctor for his good and faithful Services as a Fire 
Ward for twelve Years Past 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to Thomas Melvillee for his good and faithful Services as a Fire 
ward for several years Past 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to M r . John Lowel for his good and faithful Services as a Fire- 
Ward for a Number of Years past 

[314.] Voted, that the Thanks of the.Town be and hereby 
are given unto M r . Nicholas Bowes for his good services as an 
Overseer of the Poor for a Number of Years Past 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
unto Samuel Barret Esq r : for his good and faithful Sen-ices as 
an Overseer of the Poor, a Number of years Past 

Adjourned to Monday the 5 lh . Day of April next, 3. OClock in 
the Afternoon 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualifyed and legally warned in Publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 15 
Day of March A. D. 1784 

Warrant for calling Meeting read 

Voted to choose a Moderator by a Hand Vote 

William Tudor Esq r . was chosen Moderator 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. "To receive the Report of 
the Committee [315.] Appointed to draught a Letter in Answer 
to a Letter from the Chairman of the Committee of the Towns of 
Wren th am & Medway relative to a County Meeting at Dedham 
the third Wednesday in March Instant " was read 

The Committee to draught a Letter to the Committees of the 
Towns of Wrentham & Medway Reported their draught & the 
same having been considered & Amniended was Accepted by the 
Town And is as follows to Viz*. 

To M r : Joshua Partridge Chairman of the Committee of the 
Towns of Wrentham & Medway, and Acting by Advice of the 
Selectmen of the Towns of Franklin & Bellingham 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 13 

Sir 

The Selectmen of the Town of Boston have Received a 
Letter sign'd by you as Chairman of a Committee choes by the 
Towns of Wrentham and Medway (with the Advice of the Select- 
men of Franklin & Belh'ngham) to write Letters in order to 
procure a Meeting of the County of Suffolk, to take into con- 
sideration the Commutation to the Officers. And the Act of this 
State granting an impost to Congress This Letter Sir was laid 
before a very full Meeting of this Town, legally Assembled and 
After a fair Debate it was unanimously Determined, to express 
the sorrow of the Town that, at a time when we have a constitu- 
tion of our own chusing, and which has been approved of by the 
World, there should yet remain any uneasy Persons in the com- 
munity who could form the fruitless design of disturbing [316.] 
the trauquility of the State by proposing the unnecessary measure 
of Meeting by Counties There was a time when we were gov- 
erned by foreign Power, and a redress of grievances could be 
had in no Other way ; but thank .Heaven, that time is gone, & 
gone forever, unless the baneful influence of a few restless Spirits 
should induce the People at Large by County Meetings and 
irregular Assemblyes to raise such commotions, as might eventu- 
ally Overturn the Constitution and again leave us a prey to 
foreign Power, or what is worse intestine convulsions If Con- 
gress sometime err, we should remember, that being annually 
elected we have it in our Power, by a better choise to prevent 
the evil in future ; the same is the case of the General Court, 
they have existance but for a year ; and there can be no doubt 
the community at large would be very greatly benefitted if the 
Towns in particular would exert themselves to put their most 
suitable Characters into these important stations. With respect 
to the subject of your Letter Commutation, and the Act of the 
State on the Impost, we must take the Liberty to express our 
entire disapprobation of your intended endeavours, as they seem 
clearly to us, to be not only vain but very unjust. Why should 
we wish to keep from the Officers of our Army the hard earned 
rewai-d they may receive from the Commutation ? It was prom- 
ised most solemny by Congress in the hour of Danger. It was 
then Approved of by the People, and ought on very equitable prin- 
cipal to be made good in this Day of Peace, a Peace Obtained by 
the perilous exertions [317.] of these very men (in conjunc- 
tion with our Magnanimous, Allies) who are to receive the pit- 
tance, and a pittance it is, when we consider the Money they 
realise from this mighty boon, will not make good the arrearages 
of their pay ; and altho your Towns, and the Towns of the Select- 
men whose Advise you follow, may be Adverse to the Commuta- 
tion, yet we presume they will not deny the Justice of pay for the 
time they were in actual Service : If they will raise immediately 
as much Money as will pay their proportion of Only two thirds of 
the arrearages due to the Officers with this Money they may 
purchase the Amount of the whole, and the commutation into the 
Bargain. This we think the only way for those who say they 



14 CITY DOCUMENT. 

are agrieved to settle the matter. For if the States were able 
to prevent paying it (and could be once so lost to a Sence of 
Justice and honor as to desire it) the Commutation is so wisely 
blended with the National Debt, that all the County Conventitions 
upon the face of the Earth could not make the distinctions. If 
therefore there are any who have the Ability, but want the honesty 
to contribute their proportion they must set down contended, for 
in our Opinion it is out of their power to prevent it. With 
respect to the Impost, we are of Opinion that if we ever mean to 
be a Nation we must give power to Congress and funds too ; for 
without them we can never pay our Debts ; and without a just 
payment of our debts, in what other light can [318.] we be 
possibly viewed by the World in general and every honest Man in 
particular, than that of Bankruptcy or Knavery? The former 
is by no means the Case, for we are Rich in recorses, and want 
only the Will to bring them out and we trust the Latter will 
never be justly charged to the United States We therefore 
desire, as far as this Town has a voice in the County, that the 
proposed Convention may never meet : but if they should, we 
hope they will so far 'Consider the justice and propriety of sub- 
mitting to those Acts which they now complain of as a grievance 
as chearfully to Acquiesce in them ; and that they will then sepe- 
rate, without taking any steps, that may eventually tend to bring, 
this Country into contempt ; for if they should, we shall be con- 
straind, as in duty bound, solemny to protest against them 

Voted, that the foregoing Letter be signed by the Town Clerk 
in behalf of the Town and transmitted as soon as may be 

Voted, that the Letter from the Committee of Medway to- 
gether with the foregoing be published as soon as may be 

then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



[319.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of twenty one years of Age and upwards qualified as 
the Constitution presci'ibes, and legally warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuiel Hall on Monday the 5 th . Day of 
April Anno Domini. 1784 

Prayer was made by the Rev d : M r : Clark 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Paragraph of the Constitution or form of Goverment relative 
to the choice of Governour Leiu* : Governour and Six Senators 
for the County of Suffolk were also read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 15 

On a Motion 

Voted, that the Town will now come to y e : choise of 
a Governour & Lieu*. Governour and Six Senators for the County 
of Suffolk 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Votes would be 
received but such as are unfolded and that they propose the Poll 
shall be closed at One. OClock . 

It was then moved and Voted, that the Bells in the Town be 
set a ringing at half past Twelve OClock 

Persons Voted, for as Governour with the Number of Votes, 
for each Person Viz*. 

Votes 

[32O.] His Excellency John Hancock Esq r . .... 560 
Hon ble : James Bowdoin Esq r . 10 

Persons Voted for as Lieutenant Governor, with the Number 
of Votes for each Person Viz*. 

Votes 

His Honor Thomas Gushing Esq r . ---- 565 

Hon ble . James Warren Esq r . -- 3 

Hon ble : Benjamin Lincoln Esq r . --------- 1 

Hon ble : Elbridge Gerry Esq r . 1 

Hon ble : Francis Dana Esq r . .- 1 

Persons Voted, for as Senators, for the County of Suffolk 
with the Number of Votes for each Person Viz*. 

Votes 

Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 525 

Hon ble . Jeremiah Powell Esq r . 558 

John Brown Esq r . 245 

Hon ble . John Lowell Esq r . 253 

Hon ble . William Heath Esq r . 488 

Hon ble . Cotton Tufts Esq r . 555 

Hon ble . Jabez Fisher Esq r . 559 

Hon ble . Samuell Nyles Esq r . 28 

Hon ble . Samuel Dexter Esq r . 4 

Hon ble . John Pitts Esq r . - - 10 

Richard Cranch Esq r . - - - - - 2 

Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . ------- 2 

John Howe Esq r . 4 

Thomas Daws Esq r . - - 1 

Hon ble . James Sullivan Esq r . 7 

Hon ble . "William Phillips Esq r . 22 

M r : Benjamin Edes 1 

Thomas Russell Esq r . - - 9 

Hon ble . Stephen Higgenson Esq r . - ... 18 



16 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[321.] Hon ble . Benjamin Lincoln Esq r . 5 

Isaac Smith Esq r . 5 

Hon ble . Benjamin Austin Esq r . 11 

Benjamin Hitchborne Esq r - 1 

Arnold Wells Esq r . -..-.. i 

Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as Governor, Lieu- 
tenant Governour & Senators for the County of Suffolk, were 
committed to the Secretary of this Commonwealth, and the Sne 
Pasures sealed up in Town Meeting Superscribed as follows 
Viz 1 . 

For 

John A very Jun r : Esq r . 

Secretary of the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts 

The Number of Votes for the Town of Boston for a Governour 
Lieutenant Governour and Six Senators for the County of Suf- 
folk Certifyed within and Seald up in Town Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 



At an Adjournment of the March Meeting April the 5 th . 3 
OClock Afternoon 

The Comittee appointed to consider of a future Arangment 
of the free Schools In this Town beg leave to Report 

That they cannot on this Occasion, avoid expressing a Vener- 
ation of our Ancistors for their Wisdom, Piety and early Care in 
providing for the Instruction of Children, not only in Reading, 
Writing and Arithmetick which [322.] are Necessary to qualify 
them for common and ordanary Employments, but also in estab- 
lishing Grammer Schools in which such of them as may be 
inclined may have the oppertunity of being initiated into a fur- 
ther Degree of Education, whereby they may be rendered more 
eminintly useful to the Community as they successively enter 
upon the Stage of Life. Our free Schools seem to have been 
interested for the Benefit of the Poor and the Rich ; that the 
Children of all, partaking of equal Advantages and being placed 
upon an equal Footing, no Distinction might be made among 
them in the Schools on Account of the different Circumstances 
of their Parents, but that the Capacity & natural Genious of 
each might be cultivated & improved for the future Benefit of 
the whole Community. The Institution appears so exceedingly 
important to this great End, that it must give Pain to every one 
who duly regards the future Wellfare of the Community, when 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 17 

any of the Children are found even in School Hours, playing in 
the Streets, or still worse gathering into Clusters and inuring 
their impressive Minds to the abominable Vice of gaming by prac- 
ticing in the lowest Arts of it Whether such Instances are 
owing to the too fond Indulgence of Parents or too lax a 
Government in Schools, or to any other Cause the Disgrace which 
it may [323.] bring on the Town in the Opinion of Observing 
sensible Foreigners will be among the least of its evil Effects, 
Much depends upon the Characters & moral Conduct as well as 
the Abilities of those who are the Instructors of Children & 
youth ; and therefore it is much to be wished, that it may be 
especially recommended to the Selectmen to take Care that no 
Person may be Allowed to Open a Private School without their 
Approbation agreeable to a good and Salutary Law of the Com- 
monwealth. 

Moreover the Practice of the School-Masters in instructing the 
saine Children who are intitled to the Beniflt of the publick 
Schools, at other Hours than those devoted to the Town hath a 
Tendency to draw their Attention from the Publick to the private 
Schools, to excite on odious Distinction between those whose 
Parents can. Afford the Expence of their Attending the private 
Schools & those who cannot. And it greatly increases the Gen- 
eral Expence of Education. It is therefore the Opinion of the 
Committee that the Schoolmasters employed by the Town ought 
not to teach such of the Male Children of the Inhabitants as are 
under the Age of fourteen years, in the same branches of Learn- 
ing at their private and the publick Schools 

If the foregoing Opinions of the Committee respecting the 
Practice of the Schoolmasters shall meet the Approbation of the 
[324.] Town, they will in that case be abridged of certain Per- 
quisetes which they have heretofore received, with, at least the 
tacit Consent of the Town ; and therefore the Committee beg 
leave to recommend to the Consideration of the Town Whether 
such Adition should not be made to their Salaries as to enable 
them to support their own Children & Families and in the Exer- 
cise of that Cardinal Virtue, Prudence to lay up for them such a 
Moderate Overplus, as every industrious & provident Inhabitant 
wishes to do for his own Family at the Period of Needfulness or 
Life But if the Town should think it proper that the practice 
should continue with Respect to the Instruction of any of the 
Children at what are called private Hours, the Committee recomend 
that the terms of Instruction at such Hours be regulated by the 
Selectmen or a standing Committee for regulating the Schools 

The case of the Female Children of the Town, in the Opinion 
of the Committee requires particular Consideration, Whether 
some Provision should not be made for them, as is necessary to 
render them more useful Members of the Community ; especially 
those whose Parents are unable to Afford them such Instruction. 

The Committee were at Pains to ascertain how many Children 
do & how many do not, enjoy the Benifit of any Schools either 



18 CITY DOCUMENT 

Publick or Private, Apprehending the [325.] Number to be very 
large also the Names of the Persons who are private instructors 
in the Town but having failed of Obtaining this Information 
which however the Committee consider as very necessary to be 
Obtain 'd by the Town they have not been Able to form a Plan, 
as they intended on this Ground. But they venture to recomend 
for the present, that the Overseers of the Poor be Authorized, to 
give Certificates to such Parents or Guardians as may Apply, or 
who, they may be convinsed, are not able to bear the expence 
of haveing their Children instructed in the early Stage of School 
Instruction (and the Female Children of a Suitable Age in com- 
mon Nedle work) for which no provision is already made, & 
that they allow such Schoolmasters & Schoolmistresses as they 
shall direct, the usual Sum given ^er Week for the Instruction 
of each of such Children. 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered, the 
Town came into the following Votes. Viz* : 

Voted, that the practise of the Schoolmasters in receiving 
Entrance & Fire Money (so called) be abolished as inconsistant 
with that Freedom of Education which was originally intended in 
the Institution of the Publick Schools and introductory of such 
Distinction as injure the Minds of the Scollars & tending to 
deprive many Poor Children of the Benefit of the s d . Schools 

[326.] Voted, that the Publick Schools be provided with 
Fire wood at the Discretion of the Selectmen to be paid for by 
their Draft on the Town Treasury 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed not to employ or Con- 
tinue any Person as a Publick Schoolmaster or Usher who shall 
not agree to have the Terms of Instruction of the Children of the 
Town at Private hours regulated by the Selectmen 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed not to approve of or 
continue any Person as a Private Schoolmaster within the Town 
unless such Master shall agree to be governed by such regula- 
tions as to the Prise of his Instruction as the Selectmen from 
time to time shall see fit to make 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed to furnish the Selectmen 
as soon as may be with an Account of all the Children in the 
several Wards between the Ages of four & fourteen years, dis- 
tinguishing the Males from the Females and knowing how many 
of each are under the Age of Seven years, and also how many 
are instructed at pubh'ck & how many at Private School & how 
many at Both 

Voted, that John R. Sigorney 1 Ward 

Cap*. William Brown } No. 1 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 19 

Alex r . Hill 
Major Parkman 

Deacon Tudor 
Benjamin Burk 



[327.] Alex r . Hill 

Deacon Tudor ) 



Deacon Sharp j 

Col. Syms j 

Thomas Hitchborn ") 
Sam 1 . Austin ) 

Joseph Hall ") 

Cap'. W m . BeU J 

Deacon Newell 
Capt*. Job Prince 

Deacon Sirnpkins { 

John Codman j 

Bartholomew Kneeland ) 
John Proctor } 

Thomas Tileston ) 

Cap* : Sam 1 : Payne j 

Col. Waters j 

Samuel Ruggles j 

Cap* : Amasa Davis 
Samuel May 
be a Committee for the purpose Aforesaid 

Voted, that the Selectmen require of the several publick & 
private Schoolmasters in this Town to furnish them within 10 
Days with an Account of :ill the Children by them Instructed 
marking how many Attend their publick how many their private 
Schools & how many both. 

It was then moved & Voted 

[328.] that the aforegoing Report of the Committee on Schools 
be recommitted so far as has not been Acted upon 

The Committee to Audit Accounts reported when it was 
Moved & Voted, that the consideration of said report subside for 
the present 

Voted, that M r . Thomas Walley 
Joseph Barrel! 
Josiah Waters Jun r . Esq r . 



20 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

Hon ble : James Sullivan Esq r . 

be a Committee to consider of an Adequate Provision for the 
Schoolmasters & to report as soon as may be 

Adjourned to Monday next being the 12 th . Instant 3 OClock 
Afternoon 

Monday the 12 th of April 3 OClock Afternoon Met according 
to Adjournment 

The Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes for one 
Constable, and upon sorting them it Appeared that, 

John Pownall 
was chosen Constable for the Year ensuing unanimously 

The Town brought in their Votes for four Fire Wards, and 
the same having been sorted it Appeared that 
Cap 1 . John Ballard 
Andrew Symes Esq r . 
Paul D. Sergent Esq r . 
M r . Joseph Clark 
[329.] were chosen Fire Wards for the year ensuing 

The Committee Appointed by a Vote of the Town of the 5 th . 
Instant to Consider of an Adequate Provision for the School 
Masters have Attended that Service & having confered with some 
of the School Masters & duly considered the Matter are Unan- 
imously of Opinion, the following Sums be Allowed & paid the 
several Schoolmasters for their Services for the present Year 
their pay to Commence the first day of March last, to be paid 
quarterly 

To M r . Samuel Hunt Master of the South Grammer 
School Two hundred & thirty pounds ^ Annum 

To M r . Nathan Davis Master of y e . North Gram- 

mer School Two hundred & thirty pounds ^ > 230 
Annum 

To M r . John Tileston Master of y e . North Writing } 900 
School Two hundred pounds ^ Annum - - - - j 

To M r . James Carter Master of y e . Writing School 
in Queen Street Two hundred pounds ^ Annum - 

To M r . John Vinal Master of the South Writing | 2 00 
School Two hundred pounds ^ Annum - - - - J 

The Above Salarys to be Allowed Exclusive of what is allowed 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 21 

for House Rent to those who are Obliged to Hire Your Com- 
mittee also beg leave to Recornend to the Town that some Mode 
may be Adopted that the Schoolmasters may be [33O.] punc- 
tually paid their Salarys at the Experation of each quarter 
Boston April 12 th . 1784. All which is submitted. 

Tho 8 . Walley *$ Order 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered a Motion 
was made to reconsider two Votes passed at the late Meeting 
relative to the private Hours of the School Masters but did not 
Obtain 

The Town then passed the following Votes Viz*. 

Voted, that the Sum of Two Hundred & thirty pounds be Al- 
lowed & paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary as Master of 
the South Grammer School the present Year to commence the 
first of March last the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall 
become due 

Voted, that the Sum of two hundred and thirty Pounds be Al- 
lowed and paid unto M r . Nathan Davis for his Sallary as Master 
of the North Grammer School the present year to commence from 
the first of March last the same to be paid him Quarterly as it 
shall become due 

Voted, that the Sum of Two hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . James [John] Tileston for his salary as Master of 
the North Writing School the present year the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due & to commence from the 
first of March last 

[331.] Voted, that the sum of two hundred Pounds be al- 
lowed & paid unto M r . James Carter for his Salary as Master of 
the Writing School in Queen Street the present Year commencing 
from the first of March last, the same to be paid him -Quarterly 
as it shall become due 

Voted, that the Sum of two hundred Pounds be Allowed and 
paid unto M r . John Vinal for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in the Common the present Year, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence from the first 
of March last 

Voted, that M r . John Tileston Master of the North Writing 
School be allowed for House Rent the present Year the Sum of 
Forty pounds, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall be- 
come due & to commence from the first of March last 

Voted, that M r . Nathan Davis Master of the North Grammer 



22 CITY DOCUMENT. 

School be Allowed for House Rent the present Year the Sum of 
Forty Pounds, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall be- 
come due, and to commence from the first of March last 

Voted, that M r . John Vinal Master of the Writing School in 
the Common be Allowed for House Rent the present year the 
Sum of Forty pounds the same to be paid him Quarterly as it 
shall become due and to commence from the first of March last 

[332.] Voted, that the Selectmen be requested to provide 
Ushers for the publick Schools where they shall think Necessary 
& to Allow Adeque Salires therefor, not exceeding One half of 
what the Several Masters have already had Voted them. 

Moved & Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to pay 
the School Masters, Sallaries as they become due out of any 
Monies in his hands. 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to dispose of the 
New Emission Money in bis Hands, on the best terms he can the 
produce thereof to be Applyed to the payment of the Watchmen, 
the Schoolmasters & for the Support of the Poor 

Moved & Voted, that the Committee to Audit the Accounts of 
the Town Treasurer be desired to prepare an estimate of the 
Money necessary to be raised for the Servises of the Town the 
ensuing Year Stating the particular Uses to which the same is to 
be Appropriated & to Report at May Meeting 

Voted, that Six Shillings ^ Day be allowed by the Selectmen 
to the Assessors for their servises the present Year 

M r . Aron May's Petition read whereupon 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed [333.] to consider said 
Petition & enquire into the Buisness & Emoluments of the 
Weigher of Hay & Report to the Town their Opinion of what 
may be proper to be done thereon 

Voted, that 

Charles Miller Esq r . 
M r . William Parsons 
M r . Joseph Green 
be a Committee for the purpose Aforesaid 

Voted, that the Town Clerk be directed to hand into the Com- 
mittee to Audit Accompts, a List of all the Towns Estates the 
Persons to whom they are Let & the Rents arising therefrom, 
Also on Account of all the Salaries granted the present Year and 
to whom 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 23 

Voted, that all Matters & things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be referred Over to the next General Town Meeting, 
may be called in May next then to be Acted upon 

Moved & Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to John Brown Esq r . for his good Services as Modera- 
tor of this Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved. 



[334.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualifyed and legally warned in pub- 
lick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
12 th Day of April Anno Domini 1784. 3. OClock in the After- 
noon 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

John Tudor Esq r . 

was chosen Moderator of this Meeting by a Hand Vote and took 
his Seat accordingly. 

A Circular Letter Dated Milton March 22. 1784 and signed 
Thomas Grain Chairman requesting a Meeting of Committees at 
Dedham relative to a proposal of some Towns for dividing the 
Count}' of Suffolk was read 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . "To take into consideration 
an order of the General Assembly passed on the 31 day of Janu- 
ary last respecting the Petition of Sundry Persons in the Countys 
of Suffolk & Middlesex praying to be made a Sepei ate County 
also a Circular Letter from the Committee of the Town of Milton 
on the same subject dated the 22 d of March last " and after 
some debate the Question was put Viz*. Whether the Town 
will now Appoint a Committee to meet Committees of other 
Towns in the County of Suffolk at the House of M r . Timothy 
Gay of [335.] Dedham on the 22 Day of April 10 o'Clock 
Forenoon, to consider of the Expediency or non Expediency of 
dividing said County & to report to the Town at the General 
Town Meeting May next passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that this Committee consist of five 
Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
William Cooper Esq r . 
Stephen Higgeson Esq r . 
Hon ble . James Sullivan Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 



24 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Moved & Voted, that the Selectmen be requested to Write a 
Letter in Answer to the Letter Received from Thomas Crane 
Esq r . 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualifyed and legally Warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Fanuiel Hall on Tuesday the 11 th 
day of May Anno Domini 1784 10 OClock in the Forenoon 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Everet 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

That part of the Constitution or form of Government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives read 

[336.] Sundry Laws to be read at said Meeting were ac- 
cordingly read 

The Town having Determined to choose Seven Persons to 
represent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to be held 
at the State House at Boston the last Wednesday of May Current 
Agreeable to the Constitution or Frame of Government for the 
Massachusetts. The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & 
bring in their Votes, for Seven Representatives, and then it was 
declared by the Selectmen that no Votes should be received but 
such as are unfolded & that they propose the Poll shall be closed 
at 12 OClock 

On a Motion Voted 

that all Those who Vote for Representatives shall on their giving 
in their Respective Votes, enter into the Hall & there remaine 
untill the Poll is closed 

The Votes being brought in for Seven Representatives the 
number of the same were found to be 402 & upon sorting them 
it appeared that only the six following Gentelmen were chosen by 
a Majority of Votes Viz*. 

Votes 

The Hon ble . William Phillips Esq r . 387 

Hon we : Caleb Davis - Esq r . 373 

Sam 1 . A. Otis Esq r . 209 

Thomas Daws Esq r . 389 

JohnRowe Esq r . 299 

Sam 1 . Breck Esq r . 335 

[337.] Adjourned to 3 O 'Clock P : M for the choice of one 
Representative 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 25 

3. OClock P. M. met according to adjournment 

The Inhabitants were Directed to withdraw & bring in their 
Votes for one Representative, & it was proposed that the Poll be 
closed at half past 3 OClock The Votes brought in the Number 
were found to be 384 & upon sorting them it Appeared that 
That 

Votes 
the IIon ble : James Sullivan Esq r : was chosen - - - - 314 

The choice of Representatives being over & Declared by the 
Selectmen, it was moved that a Moderator be chosen by hand 
Vote to transact the Business enserted in the Warrant 

Thomas Daws Esq r : 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. 

To Consider the Petition of a Large 

Number of the Inhabitants that the sence of the Town may be 
taken upon the expendcency of an Application to the General 
Court, for an Act to Form the Town of Boston into an Incor- 
porated City "was read & After considerable Debate it was 
Moved & Voted, that a Committee be Appointed to takejuto 
consideration said Petition & to report whether an Alteration in 
the present Government of the Town be eligible & to report if 
necessary a Plan for a Different Police 

[338.] Voted, that 

The Hon ble : Sam 1 . Adams Esq r . 

Joseph Barrell Esq r . 
Hon We : Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . 

William Tudor Esq r . 
Hon ble : Rob*. Treat Payne Esq r . 

Perez Morton Esq r . 

Sam 1 . Brick Esq r 

Edward Payne Esq r . 
Hon ble : James Sullivan Esq r . 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

Benj a : Hitchburn Esq r . 
Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Caleb Davis Esq r . chosen a Representative sent in a Letter 
Acquainting the Town that he has resign'd 

Voted, that John Lucas Esq r . one of the Selectmen Acquaint 
Caleb Davis Esq r . that it is the Desire of the Town that he do 
not Decline Serving as a Representative 



26 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Adjourned to Fryday Next 
9 oClock forenoon 



Friday May 14 th . 9. O'Clock met according to Adjournment 
Selectmen a Committee to Act upon Leist of Jurors 

The Subscribers being appointed by the Town to met & confer 
with the Committee of the [339.] Several Towns in the County 
of Suffolk, upon a Petition exhibited to the General Court in their 
last Session for forming into one County Ten Towns in the 
County of Suffolk & four Towns in the County of Middlesix, 
having in consequence of the Same Appointment at Dedham on 
the 22 Day of April 1784 met in convention the Delagates from 
the Towns of Roxbury, Milton, Braintree, Hingham, Stoughton, 
Sharon & Brookline in Addition to the Ten Towns in the County 
of Middlesex Joining in the same Petition being present & having 
confer'd upon the subject matter of the same Appointment 

Do Report, 

That it appeared to 

your Committee, that the Eleven Petitioning Towns who not in 
Convention by their Delagates were by no means unanimously, 
agreed in the expediency of having the s d . fourteen Towns in- 
corporated into one County & that all the other Towns- then 
present by their Delagates were against the Measure the reasons 
offered in favour of the Measure as your Committee recollect 
them were, that the Business of the Courts of Justice in the 
County of Suffolk had become so extensive, that Parties Wit- 
nesses, & Jurors we were commonly Oblige to attend at the 
Court of Common Pleas for the Space of three Weeks together 
and sometimes longer that the Travel from the extreeme parts 
of the County to the Shire Towns was longe & expensive that the 
Regester of Deeds being remote from the Center of the County 
rendered the securing new purchases very inconvenient That 
the Probate Court being at a Distance from the Petitioning 
Towns rendered the settlement of Estates under [34O.] Admin- 
istration expensive And that the Interest & manners of the 
People in the Sea Port Towns were diverse & disimelar from 
those in the Country Towns Your Committee by their Appoint- 
ment being Obliged to take the aforegoing Reasons under their 
consideration & Discusion, think it their duty to Submit to the 
Town their Objections to the Measure of forming a New County 
in the manner proposed by the aforementioned Petitioners in 
any other manner at present 

your Committee upon An enquiry into the proportion of Buis- 
ness done in the several Countys of Worcester Middlesex, Essex, 
& Suffolk, find that there are more Actions entered in the County 
of Worcester, than in the County of Suffolk, & nearly as many 
in either of the Other Countys above mentioned Whereupon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 27 

they conclude that the Oppressive Attendance required of Parties, 
Witnesses & Jurors in the County of Suffolk (if any such there 
is,) arises from some other Cause than that of the increase of 
Buisness or the multiplication of Law Suits, because the Courts 
of Common Pleas in the other County s Above mentioned, do not 
usually continue their Session for more than the space of one 
Week - 

If the Buisness of a County Court is Unreasonably protracted 
it cannot be a Cause of dividing one County into several but the 
grevance ought to be redressed in some other Way as the Con- 
stitution of the Commonwealth has provided your Committee find 
that the Probate Court is Obliged by Law to become Ambulatory, 
and to [341.] set in Various parts of the County by which the 
Inhabitants receive great ease & can have nothing further done 
for their Benefit at present unless Countys are created by very 
small & important Demensions, or the Court holden in future 
nigher the center of the County, the mescheivous tendency of 
the one and the Inconvenience of the Other are mentioned in 
this report hereafter 

The other reasons offered excepting that of a deversety of 
Interest & dissimerality of manners Apply's alike to every County 
in the Commonwealth it would undoubtedly be conveniant for the 
People in each part of the State to have Courts of Probate, 
Regestries of Beeds & every other office of Goverment near their 
own Dwellings respectivaly, but as this is in its nature impos- 
sible, to render the particular Circles of Juries prudence as small 
as consests with the Safety and Dignity of the State at large is 
all that can be done with propriety & Wisdom 

The Particular Countys of this Commonwealth originated, 
rather from the accidental settlement of the several parts of the 
State than from any system which regarded the future care con- 
venience or Interest of the People. And will therefore in the 
course of a few years, when the State shall be more generally 
covered with Inhabitants undergo such a charge & receive fresh 
alterations as will render their Lives convenient & parnanent. 
And should, one or more small Countys be erected at this Period, 
it is very probable, that a Necessaty of a final, & equal regulation 
of Countys, may in a short time render the expence now to be 
borne useless, & Idle 

Your Committee conceive [342.] That when a new regulation 
of Countys shall take place, the prudence & sagacity of a free & 
intelligent People, wisely regarding the dignity & energy of this 
Goverment will never suffer these Countys to be rendered small & 
contemptable for as Goverment is the Delagation of Power from 
the whole People to a few the weight & Authority of a few who 
hold the Magistratical Power, Deminishes in proportion to the 



28 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Multiplication of Magistrates & therefore there must be in Nature 
a Line, whilst if exceeded on the one Hand will lessen the Just 
& necessary Weight of Goverment too much to consist with the 
happiness of the People, while an Error on the other may render 
Goverment Dangerous to that Interest it is intended to pre- 
serve. 

Should a new County be now erected by the Limits proposed it 
would introduce a precidant for making many others within the 
State the consequence of which inevitably would be the Multi- 
plication of Officers & detracting from that Just Authority & 
Dignity of Office without which Civil Society can never be secure 
& happy 

Should an Inclination for new Countys be encouraged & pre- 
vail, so many wise & Able Men would be employ'd to fill Those 
places which are incompatable with a Seat in the Legislature 
that the Publick Councils would not possess that Wisdom & 
Ability which at this time is necessary to the Welfare of the 
People [343.] And your Committee take leave further to Add, 
that making new Count3 T s would produce a great Number of 
Other Officers, whose Buisiness though not constitutionally in- 
compatable with a Seat in the Legislature yet renders them less 
useful there besides as the Legislature is the place from whence 
the power of the Magistrate in most instances is Derived, it 
might be a Question whether there ever ought to*be a consider- 
able proportion of Men Clothed with Executive Authority hold- 
ing Seats in the General Court 

It is true that the Town of Boston stands remote from the 
local Centre of the County, but is well known that the Center of 
Interest & Buisness is more regarded by Men than the local 
Center of Districts- hence while the interior Countys which have 
no Market Towns or places, peculiar, to Commerce, fix their 
Seat of Justice near the middle of their Circumferance the People 
Inhabiting the Sea port Districts, in this and every other 
Country, Attend the Buisness of Courts and the Metropolis of 
Trade, the convenience of which is fully Evinced by the consent 
& practice of Ages. To Burden the People at this time with a 
New Tax, for Court Houses, Goals &c while the publick Debt 
rests so heavily upon their Shoulders, would in the Opinion of 
your Committee, be discovering a Trait for innovation quite un- 
becoming a Country Circumstanced as this is 

Your Committee were Obliged to Observe against the pretented 
reason said to arise from a Division of Interest between [344.] 
The Sea Port, and the Country Towns, that the happiness of the 
People must derninish, in proportion as Trade & Agriculture shall 
decline, that they go hand in hand & necessarily produce and 
support each other, the Husbandman will cease his Industry when 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 29 

he has no Market for the Superabundant produce of his Soil, and 
the Merchant will quit his Enterprize when his Country pro- 
duces nothing to export ; can it be wise then even supposing 
seperate uuconected Interest could exist to take Measures to 
make the Separation still wider : or can it be for the Interest of 
the Country at this time to originate Ideas of a diversity of Inter- 
ests and to throw the Farmer into an imagination that his Country 
can be rendered safe and himself happy with no incentive to raise 
more from his Sale than his personal necessaity shall demand 
Corumerse must be encouraged by Agriculture & our extensive 
Sea Coasts be by Ships supported, by Commerce defended against 
the Insults of every hostile Foreigner wherefore your Committee 
Apprehend that every Step (which tends to Cultivate an Opinion 
in the People of a Diversity of Interest is Dangerous to the wel- 
fare of the Commonwealth, nor is there so great a dissimerality 
of Manners between the Sea port & Country Towns, as is pre- 
tended, uprightness of Heart & purity of Intention seem to be 
equally disseminated among the Several Towns your Committee 
beg leave to conclude their Report by observing that in the late 
Revolution, the People [345.] having thrown off their Ancient 
Principles, & not as yet fully comprehending, the Nature or feel- 
ing the force of the JS'ew Ones, they have embraced, may be a 
Multiplication of novelties, be rendered restless uneasy & unhappy 
under one of the best & most equal Governments with which Any 
part of the human Race were ever blessed 

Caleb Davis 
William Cooper 
S Higginson 
James Sullivan 

The aforegoing Report having been read & considered it was 
moved & the Question was accordingly put Viz* : ' ' Whether it is 
the sence of the Town that the County of Suffolk should be 
divided agreeable to the Petition of several Towns to the Gen- 
eral Court Passed in the Negative unanimously Then the 
Question was put Viz*: Whether the Town will except of this 
Report Passed in the Affirmative 

Moved, That a Committee be appointed to prepare Reasons 
to be laid before the General Court why the Prayer of the Peti- 
tioning Towns should not be granted 

Voted, that 

William Tudor Esq r . 

Ezek 1 : Price Esq r . 

Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid & that the Report of 
the Committee of Conference be handed into said Committee who 
are desired to Report at the Adjournment 



30 CITY DOCUMPINT. 

The Report of the Committee to Audit the Town Treasurers 
Accounts again read and is as follows Viz* : 

The Committee appointed to Audit the Accounts of the Town 
Treasurer & of the Overseers of the Poor & to examine [346.] 
The Drafts of the Selectmen, Report as follows Viz*. 

That the Treasurers Accounts are regularly entered in the 
Books & every charge properly vouched the Accounts, of the 
Overseers, are likewise duly enter'd & regularly vouched 

By the Treasurers Accounts it Appears he has credited the 
Town for Taxes committed to the Collectors - 9544 ,,16 . 5 
Warrants on the State Treasurer for the Sup- ~\ 
port of their Poor & Expencies at Rainsfords > 1177,, 12, ,8 
Island j 
Rents 453 ,, 12 ,, 8 for Fanuiel Hall Mar- 
ket 324 12 ,, 4 -' 778 5 . 

For the Ballance of last Years Acco* : - - - 2436 ,, 19 ,, 9^ 
For Money borrowed for the Almshouse &c - 84 ,, 17 ,, 7 



14.022 ,, 8 of 
from which is to be deducted the 
following Charges 

Paid the Selectmens Drafts 6436 ,, 6 ,, 7 

Overseers d. 2445 ,, 8 ,, 7f 

Abatement on the 13 th & 14 th Taxes 1737 ,, 10 ,, 7f 

Loss on 6721 ,, 16 / New Emission Money sold 1330 ,, 4 ,, 4 : 

Interest on Notes ----- 1057 ,, 7 ,, 

2 Men for the Army & Hay for the Bull - - - 95 ,, 9 ,, 6" 



13.102 ,, 7 ,, 6 
920 ; - 11| 

It likewise Appears by the Treasurer's Books 

the Town is indebted the following Sums Viz*. 

Notes Given before the War Exclusive of Inters*. 2177 ,, 13 ,, 3 

Sundry Ballances due before the War - d. 1087 ,, 6 ,, 2 

Notes given since & consolidated - - d. 8440 ,, 6 ,, 3 

Sundry Ballances - - d. - - - - d. 146 ,, 2 ,, 4 

Sundry Notes for Paper Money consolidated 

the amount uncertain suppose may be 

due on the Selectmen & Overseers drafts 1975 ,, 8 ,, 3 

To John Erving Esq r . Ball 6 , of Interest 94 ,, 1 ,, 4 



Total 14.537 ,, 17 ,, 7 

[347.] To discharge the aforegoing Sums there is due from 
the Collectors & Others Viz*. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 31 

from F. Shaw 334 J. Thompson 1423. Sumner 1240 
Fallass - - 391 Williams 497 Parker 81- 
Baylay - - 909 Thomas - 1264 - - - 6140- 
Abaternents on one year & premium on three Taxes 2640 



3500 

from Ruddock, Savage, Gray & Cudworth 959 
of which the greatest part will be lost 
Due from the State Treasurer charg'd to P. Farmer 

1047 ,, 17 ,, 3 
from Tewksbury70 ,, 5 ,, 4. E. May 51 . 3 - 121 ,, 5 ,, 7 

from Sundry Others 1 74 of which may be rec d . 1 10 - - 1 10 

38,200 in Bills of the Old Emission ) rec d . 75 . l 
10,575 in Bills of the New Emission j 6096 ,,1.4 

By the Selectmens Drafts it appears that the School 

Masters Pay, is 1208 the Watchmen 701 . 2 - 1909 ,, 2 
The Town Clerk for 1780. 81 & 82 - ... 995 ,, 8 . 7 
Assessors for l year 597 ,, 13 ,, 5 Treasurer 

l year 300 897 ,, 13 . 5 

Mathew Nazro for Attendance on Selectmen, } 

Assessors, Cornm ee : of Correspond & Clark >- 119 ,, 8 

of ye Market ) 



3921 . V2 

The Committee in part for filling up the Dock 702 , , 1 7 

Repairs of the Schools & Dwelling Houses 620 

Lumber, Carpenter, Masons & Smiths Acco te : 215 

Glaziers Accounts for Schools & Fanuiel Hall 130 

Pavers Acco*. for Gravel & Paving - - - - 225 

Repairs for Deer Island & Fanuiel Hall - - - 90 

Printing Letters &c for the Comm ee : & Notifications 105 

Repairing Engine & Engine House 71 

Expeucies Visiting the Schools, Deer, Island 
Books, Paper, Ink, necessary for the Hospitals, 

allowed to J. Warren & Others & Sundry ) 355 ,,17 
petty Charges -----___.} 



6436 ,, 6 ,, 7 

[348.] By the Accounts of the Overseers of the Poor it Ap- 
pears there has been paid for Provisions and Necessaries 
for about 150 Persons in the House - - 1471 , 15 . 7. 



p d . Stephen Hall & Others for Wood - - - 417 ,, 
p d . for Assistance to the Poor in the several 
Wards ----------- 130 




4 . 3. 

8 . 6 
9 .11 


p d . for boarding sundry Persons out of the 
House --------- 110 


p d . Carpenters & Masons for Repairs & La- ) 166 . 

hnnr fnr rh'rrrrinrr a. Vault, Ar.r>. . f 



2445 



32 CITY DOCUMENT. 

In this Account is Included the Poor belonging to the State 
which is reparied by a Warrant on the State Treasureys and car- 
ried to the Credit of the Town in the Town Treasurers Books 
In the Treasurers Books, the Account of Powder is Debited 312 
& by the Powder house Keepers Accounts there remains only Six 
& an half Barr 18 : & Eight Boxes of Musqueit Cartridges By the 
State Treasurers Certificate herewith presented it appears there 
remained unpaid in the 10 th of March of the Specie Tax at If 
from Francis Shaw Esq r . 385 ,,7.7 On the Continental Tax 
N. 2 6896 . 18/ from W m . Fallass 1532 .0.5 
Charles Williams 1639 . 17 . 3 Daniel Parker 2301 . 8f 
Thomas Bayley 1429 . 19 . 7 

These Taxes your Committee are of Opinion ought to be paid 
into the Treasurey immediatley and that Measures should be 
taken to Oblidge the Collectors to do it It does not Appear 
that M r . Simpkins Col. Hatch or the Committee for purchasing 
Grain have yet Accounted for the Money they have receiv'd out 
of the Treasurey, these Accounts should be immediately closed, 
that the Town may be acquainted with the true State of their 
Finances The Fire [349.] Arms belonging to the Town & 
carried to Cambridge before the 19 th . April 1775 & there Deliv- 
ered out for the Use of the Army have not been accounted for by 
the State, nor does it appear the Arms rec d : of the Board of War 
& delivered to the Officers of Militia have been returned or ac- 
counted for & your Committee propose to the consideration of 
the Town whether it would not be for their Interest that the 
Town Tax should be Delivered to Other Persons to Collect, than 
those Appointed to Collect the State Tax 

Edward Payne ^ Order 
Boston April 3 d . 1784 

The Committee appointed to prepare an Estimate of the Money 
Necessary to be raised for the service of the Town the year ensu- 
ing, stating the particular Uses to which the same is to be appro- 
priated Report as follows Viz*. 
1 st . that the whole Debt of the Town for Money) 
borrowed &c Amount to About ------ j 

Interest due on those Debts 2,770 

unpaid of the Selectmen & Overseers rais d . 1783 2.070 



Total Amount of Debts & Interest 17.340 

2 d . That the Ordinary Expencies for the year ensuing for 
Salarys to the Schoolmasters, Rent for their Houses and of 

Wood 1600- 

pay to the Watchmen 700 fixing Lamps 600 1300 - 

two years Salary to the Town Clark and 1 year y e .Treasur r .450 
Pay of the Assessors & Clark of Fanuiel Market 450 

Paying, Repairs, Tradesmens Bills, Lumber for Re- \ 
pairs & all other Incidential Charges - - - - j 
Overseers Drafts for Supply of the Poor - - - - 2400 



To discharge the aforegoing Sums 25.340 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 



33 



[35O.] 1*. There Appears due from the late Collectors 
- --- ...... 3500 

from the State Treasurer & Others - - 1200 - 

4.700 



2 d . the Bills of the New Emission 10575 
from Rents of Houses, Stores, Hay, 
Engine 

Markett & Stands 



3525 
675 



3 d . To be raised by a Tax on the Inhabitants - 



4,200 
8,000 



16.900 

N. B. The Granary has been improved by the State 6. or 7 
years & no rent Demanded 

The Above Sums Amountg. to 16.900 your Committee have 

Appropriated as follows 

1 st . To pay the Ball ce : due on the drafts drawn 

in 1783 .......... 2070- 

the Overseers Draft to Farmer - ... 1000 
towards the principal & Interest 

of the Debts ......... 1630- 

-- 4700 



2 d . To pay the Schoolmasters & Watchmen 2300 

the Overseers draft for Supply of y e . Poor 1400 
the remainder of the Bills are all sold to pay 

Inters 1 . 500 



4200 



To pay the Selectmens drafts for the pay of 
the Assessors, Treasurer, Town Clerk I ,, 
fixing Lamps, Tradsmans Bills and all 
the incidentell Charges 

the remainder of the Tax to be Apply'd to 
make good any difficiencys on the 2 d . & \ 
3 d . Articles & the residue to pay the prin- 



cipal & Interest of the Debts of the 
Town ........... j 



4.500 



8.000 



16.900 

By this Arangement Provision is made 

1 st . to discharge what remains due on the drafts of the last 
year ...----___-.____._. 

2 d . to pay all the Expence of the Year ensuing 

[351.] 3 d . To pay the whole of the Interest on the Debts 
due from the Town &c 

4 th . To pay off upwards of 4000, of the principal provided all 
the New Emission Bills can be sold at three for one 



34 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Committee in order to carry the foregoing Appropriation 
into Effect purpose the following Votes to be passed 

Voted, that the Moneys due from the Collectors of Taxes for 
the last year & from the State Treasurer & Others be Appropri- 
ated as follows 

To discharge the Sums due on the Selectmen & Overseers 

drafts in 1783 2070 

to pay the Overseers drafts to P. Farmer in 1784 - - 1000 

Towards Paying the Principal & Interest 

of the Debts 1630 



4.700 

And that the Treasurer be directed not to receive from said Col- 
lectors any Drafts or Orders Drawn since March last in payment 
of the Taxes committed to them in 1783. except those drawn for 
Abatement of those Taxes ; and their Premium for collecting 
them 

Voted, that the Money Arising from the Sail of the Bills of the 
New Emission & from the Rents of the Buildings belonging to 
the Town be Appropriated 

1 st . to pay the Selectmens drafts of the Watchmen 700 

2 d . to pay the Salarys of the Schoolmastei's ) 

their Rent & Wood - j 1600- 

[352.] 3 d . To Pay the Overseers drafts for the 

Support of the Poor 1400 

4 th . Towards paying the Principal & Interest 

of the Towns Debts 500 



4200 

Voted, That the Treasurer be directed to furnish the Select- 
men every Month with, an Account of the Moneys he has re- 
ceived & paid on Acco*. of the Tax clue from the Collectors for 
the Year 1783 for the New Emission Bills sold & for Rents 
and to be careful that no part thereof be Apply'd to any other 
purposes than those to which they are Appropriated and that 
he use his endeavour to Obtain payment from said Collectors, as 
soon as possible to enable him to pay the Drafts that are or may 
be drawn on Acco*. thereof 

Voted, that the Sum of 8000 be raised by a Tax to be 
Assessed on the Pole & the Estates of the Inhabitants to pay the 
Charges of the Year ensuing & the Debts due from the Town & 
whereas the Premiums for Collecting & the Abatements made on 
the Town, County & State Taxes (which on the late Taxes 
amounted to upwards of 20 ^ C l . on the Town Tax, are all paid 



BOSTON TOWN RECOKDS, 1784. 35 

out of the Town Tax & Often renders that insufficient to Answer 
the purposes intended when the same was Granted therefore 

[353.] Voted, that the further Sum of 2500 be Added to 
the Tax mentioned in the proceeding Vote, to make Good such 
difficiencys as may arise from abatements of the Premiums & for 
Collecting the Overplus if any to be Appropriated towards paying 
the Debts due from the Town 

Voted, that the Sum of 2500 be Appropriated out of said Tax 
to pay the Selectmens drafts, for the payment of the Treasurer, 
Town Clerk & Assessors for fixing Lamps, Paving, Repairs & 
all other Incidental Charges 

Voted, that the remaining 4500 of said Tax be appropriated 
to pay the Debts due from the Town & to make good any deffi- 
ciencys that may Arise on Acco*. of the Money due from the 
Collectors or the New Emissiond Bills not being Sold 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed in all their Drafts on the 
Treasurer to particularise the Appropriation out of which each 
sums is to be paid & that all their Drafts for Services done since 
March except the pay of the Watchmen & Schoolmasters are to 
be paid out of the Taxes now Voted And whereas it Appears 
by the late Treasurers Acco te : that on the 10 th . of March Iheire 
remained unpaid of the Continental Tax N. 2 6896 18 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to inform Treasurer I vers 
that the Town is Anxious to have these Arreages Paid & to Ac- 
quaint him to Oblidge those Collectors that [354.] are Deficient 
immedatley to pay what remains due from each of them The 
Town will remaine upwards of 8000 in Debet in Case all the 
Sums enumerated in this Report are received & paid agreeable to 
the Appropriations 

In Behalf of Comm 66 . 

Edw d : Payne 

The foregoing Report having been considered Paragraph by 
Paragraph the Question was put Viz*. Whether the same shall 
be Accepted passed in the Affairniitive 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P M - 

3 OClock P. M. Met According to Adjournment 

The Petition of a Number of Inhabitants Proprietors of the 
School at the South End of the Town Read whereupon 

Moved & Voted, that a Committee be Appointed to take this 
Petition into consideration and Report at the Adjournment what 
is proper to be done thereon 



36 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Voted, That Sam 1 . A. Otis Esq r . 
Christop r . Gore Esq r . 
M r . Sam 1 . Wbitwell 
be a Committee for said Purpose 

The Article in the Warrant relative to the request of M r . Jar- 
vis & Others for a Compensation for filling up the Dock again 
read whereupon 

[355.] Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to pursue the 
Vote passed Sep r . 3. 1783. with respect to settling this Matter 
by Arbitration 

M r . John Marys Petition for establishing a french School 
read whereupon Voted, that he have leave to withdraw his 
Petition 

The Article relative to a New Choice of Assessors read 
whereupon it was moved & Voted, that the consideration thereof 
subside 

Moved & Voted, that the foregoing Vote be reconsidered 

M r . M c Neils Petition read whereupon Voted that he have 
leave to withdraw his Petition 

The Inhabitants having withdrawn as directed to bring in their 
Votes for seven Assessors & the same having been brought in & 
sorted it appear'd that 

Mess 1 " 8 : William Lowder 

Gyles Harris Esq r . 

Moses May 

John Pulling 

Sam 1 . Ruggles 

William Fleet 

J. R. Sigourney 

Report of Committee relative to M r . Aron Mays Petition read 
& as it stand altered was Accepted by the Town Viz*. 

[356.] The Committee apointed by the Town to consider of 
M r . Mays Petition, to enquire into the emoluments of the Weight 
of Hay & to report their Opinion thereon, have attended that 
Service, they have examined M r . Mays Books from the Year 
1773 to 1783 & find that he has rec d : the following Sums Viz*. 

In the Year - - - 1773 - - -114,, 8 ,, 5 

1774 - - - 142 ,, 4 

4 Months - --- 1775) q . 9 ^ 

8 Months - - - - 1776 \ 

... 77 19 6 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 37 



1778 - - - 


118,, 3 , 


, 2 


1779 - - - 


102,, 7 


3 


1780 - - - 


136 ,, 18 


11 


1781 - - - 


197 ,, 12 


10 


1782 - - - 


258 ,, 6 


10 


1783 - 


246 ,, 18 


5 




i 


485 .. 18 .. 1 



Boston May 14 th . 1784 

Char 8 Miller ^ Order 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to credit M r . 
Aaron May y e . Sum of 63 ,, 2 ,, 6, being a ballance Due from 
him to the Town, 19 th . Ap 1 : 1775, which he now stands charged 
for 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be directed that as 
soon as the New Hay Market is finished they Publish an Adver- 
tizement that the Scales for weighing of Hay is to be leased for 
the term of One Year & [357.] that it will be leased to the 
Person who will give the highest rent for the same & they shall 
apprehend him to be one who is capable of the Buisness & will 
faithfully discharge the duty of that Office 

Voted, that the Adjournment of this Meeting be notifyed in 
the Thursdays News Papers 

Adjourned, to Friday next 9 OClock in the Forenoon 

Friday May 21 st . 9 OClock Forenoon met according to 
Adjournment 

The Moderator informed the Town that the Committee relative 
to a Corporation were not ready to report at this Adjournment 

Moved & Voted, that when this Town Meeting is Adjourned it 
be to Friday y 6 . 28 Ins 1 : 9 oClock Forenoon And the Meeting 
was Adjourned accordingly 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualifyed & legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Fanuiel Hall on Friday the 21 st of 
May A D 1784 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Col : Dawes 
chosen Moderator by a hand Vote 

[358.] Article in the Warrant Viz*. 



38 CITY DOCUMENT. 

"Whether the Town will reconsider their late Vote relating to 
the Pay of the Assessors & Determine their Allowance the ensu- 
ing year " was read 

Whereupon it was Moved to reconsider said Vote, the Ques- 
tion being put & it passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that the allowance to the Assessors to be nine shillings 
^ Day for the Days they may set in doing the Buisness of their 
Office 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 

Friday May 28'- 9 OClock forenoon Met According to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Committee to prepare a Petition to the General Court 
against dividing the County report the following Draught Viz*. 

Commonwealth of 

Massachusetts 

' To the Hou ble : the Senate and the Hon ble : 
the House of Representatives of s d . Com- 
monwealth in General Court Assembled at 
Boston May 1784 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Boston beg leave most respect- 
fully to Submit to the following Objection the Petitions of the 
[359.] Towns of Dedham, Medfield, Wrentham Needham, 
Medway, Bellingham, Foxbourough, Sherburne, Hopkington, Hol- 
liston & Natick, Praying for a Division of the present County of 
Suffolk & the requesting the creating a New one, to the consider- 
ation of this Hon ble : Court & pray the proposed Disinernberruant 
of this County may not be Adopted 

The reasons assigned in the Petition are 1 st . That the Business 
of the Courts of Justice in the County of Suffolk had be come so 
extensive that Parties, Witnesses & Jurors are commonly obliged 
to Attend at the Court of Common Pleas for the space of three 
Weeks together & sometimes longer & that the Travel from the 
extreme parts of the County to the shire Town is large & expen- 
sive 

2 d . That the Registry of Deeds being remote from the Center 
of the "County renders the Securing new Purchases very incon- 
venient 

3 d . That the Probate Court being at a Distance from the 
Petitioning Towns, renders the settlement of Estates under Ad- 
ministration expensive 

In Answer to which suggestions your Memorialists beg leave 
to Observe, That upon an enquirey into the proportion of Business 
done in the several Counties of Worchester, Middlesex, Essex & 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 39 

Suffolk, it will be found that there are one third more Actions 
entered annually in the County of [36O.] Worcester than in 
the County of Suffolk, & nearly as many in either of the Other 
Counties above mentioned. Wherefore your Memorialists con- 
clude, that the Oppressive Attendance required of Parties, Wit- 
nesses & Jurors in the County of Suffolk, if any such therein) 
arises from some Other Cause than that of the Increase of Buis- 
ness, or the multiplication of Law suits, because the Court of 
Common Pleas in the other Counties above mentioned, do not 
usually continue their session for more than the space of one 
Week If the Business of any County Court is unreasonably 
protracted it cannot be a Cause of dividing one County into sev- 
erall but the Greviance ought to be redressed in such Other way 
as the Constitution has provided 

That by Law the Probate Courts is now made ambulatory & 
accordingly sets in different parts of the County by which the 
Inhabitants receive great ease or can have nothing further done 
for their benefit at present unless Counties should be reduced to 
very small & unimportant Dimensions or the Court holden in 
future nearer the Center of the County the mischeivous tendency 
of the One & the inconveniancy of the Other shall be presently 
pointed out 

[361.] The other reason offered Applies alike to every 
County in the Commonwealth, it would undoubtedly be con- 
venient for the People in each part of the State to have Courts 
of Probate Register of Deeds & every other Office of Govern- 
ment nearer their own Dwellings respectively but as this is in its 
nature impossable to render the particular Circles of Jurispru- 
dence as small as consists with the Safety & Dignity of the State 
at Large, is all that can be done with propriety & Wisdom 

The particular Counties of this Commonwealth originated 
rather from the Accidental settlement of the several parts of the 
State, that from any systym which regarded the future ease 
interest or convenience of the People & will therefore in the 
course of a few Years when the State shall be more generally 
covered with Inhabitants, undergo such a Change & receive such 
Alterations as will render their lines convenient & parmanent, & 
should one or more Counties be established at this period, it is 
very probable that the necessity of a final & equal regulation of 
Counties, may in a short time render the expence now to be borne 
Useless & Idle 

Your Memorialists conceive that when a New regulation of 
Counties shall take place the prudence & Sagacity of a free 
[362.] & intelligent Peoples wisely regarding the Dignity & 
Energy of this Goverment will, never suffer their Counties to be 
rendered small and contemptable, for a Government in the Delega- 
tion of Power from the whole People to a few who hold the Mag- 
istratical Power Deminishes in proportion to the Multiplication of 
Magistrates & therefore there must be in nature a Line which if 
exceeded on one hand will lessen, the part & necessary weight of 



40 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Goverment two much to consist with the happiness of the People 
while an Error on the other may render Goverment Dangerious to 
that Interest it is intended to procure Should a new County be 
established according to the Lemits preposed it would introduce 
a president for making many others without the State, the conse- 
quence of which inevitably would be Multiplication of Officers 
& detracting from that Just Authority & Diginity of Office with- 
out which Civil Society can never be secure or happy 

Another Argument against this Project is that as so many Ad- 
ditional Officers as would be wanted must be commissioned by 
the Governour & Council it would thro' a weight into the supreme 
Executive which might Operate in creating an undue influance 
Should an Inclination for new Countes be encouraged & prevail, 
so many wise & [363.] able men would be employed to fill 
those places which are incornpatable with a Seat in the Legisla- 
ture that the Publick Councils would not possess that Wisdom & 
Ability which at this time is necessary to the Welfare of the Peo- 
ple. And your Memorialists beg leave further to Add that mak- 
ing new Counties would produce a great number of Other Officers 
whose Business tho' not constitutionally incompatable with a 
Seat in the Legislature, yet renders them less needfull there, be- 
sides as the Legislature is the place from whence the Power of 
the Majestrates in most instances is derived it might be a Question 
whether there ever ought to be a considerable proportion of Men 
Cloath [ed] with Executive Authority holding Seats in the Gen- 
eral Court 

It is true that the Town of Boston stands remote from the 
local Center of the County but it is well known that the Center of 
Interest & Buisness is more regarded by Men than The local 
Center of Districks. Hence while the interior Counties which 
have no Market Towns or places pecular to Commerce fix the 
Seats of Justice near the middle of their Circumference the 
People Inhabiting the Sea Port Districts in this & every other 
County Attend the Business of Courts in the Metropolis of Trade, 
The conveniance of this is fully evinced by the consent & practice 
of Ages 

[364.] To burden the People at this time with a new Tax 
for Court Houses Goals &c while the publick Debt rests so 
heavily on their Shoulders would be in the Opinion of your 
Memorialists discovering a taste for Inovation quite unbecoming 
A Country Circumstanced as this is 

For the beforegoing & other reasons that may be offered they 
pray that s d . Petition may not be sustained 

Voted, that the aforegoing Report be taken into a fair Draught 
& Signed by the Town Clerk in behalf of the Town & then de- 
livered the Gentlemen who Represent the Town in the General 
Court 

The Committee relative to a Corporation not being Able to re- 
port at this Meeting 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 41 

It was moved & Voted that when this Meeting is Adjourned it 
is to be Friday next 9 OClock beforenoon being the 4 th . of 
June 

The Report of the Committee relative to a New School read 
whereupon 

Voted, that the consideration of this Report be refered to the 
Adjournment 

M r : Ballard the Clerk of Fanuiel Hall Market handed in a 
Memorial which [365.] was read whereupon Moved & 
Voted 

That a Committee be appointed to take the Memorial of M r . 
Ballard into consideration & report at the Adjournment 

Voted, that M r . Tho 8 : Walley 

W m . Tudor Esq r . Excused 

Tho 8 : Daws Esq r . D : - 

Col. Joshua Davis 

Cap* : Henry Prentice 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid and that the Committee 
report what they may Judge to be a reasonable allowance for his 
services as Clerk of Fanuiel Hall Market 

The Petition of Daniel Sigourney read whereupon Voted 

That the same be referred to the consideration of the Gentel- 
men the Overseers of the Poor, to make report at the Adjourn- 
ment 

Adjourned to Friday next the 4 th . of June 9 OClock forenoon 

Friday June 4 th . 9. OClock Forenoon met according to Ad- 
journment 

Vote, relative to Assessors setting for abatement of Taxes the 
same as last year Viz* : 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are impowered & di- 
rected to set for [366.] such Abatement of Taxes as they shall 
Judge reasonable ten days following the Date and Delivery of the 
Tax Bills (Lords Days excepted) & no longer saving that they be 
allowed to set two Days the last Week in February for the 
Abatement of the Taxes of such Persons as had not an Opper- 
tunity of Applying in the above limited time, by reason of their 
being not of the Commonwealth or any other unavoidable hin- 
drance at which time they are also allowed & impowered to Abate 
the Taxes of such Persons as may have died Insolvent before the 
said time 



42 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Petition of M r8 : Katharine Gray Read whereupon Voted, 
that 

M r . Nath 1 . .Balch 

M r . Joseph Russell Printer 

Hon ble : Stephen Higgenson 

be a Committee to take the same into consideration & report as 
soon as may be 

The Committee relative to a Corporation Reported two Plans 
of a Corporation both of which were read 

It was Moved, that the sence of the Town be taken with respect 
to the expedience of making any Alterations in the present form 
of the Goverment of the Town 

It being determined that the consideration of this Motion be 
refer'd to the Adjournment of this Meeting it was then, moved & 
Voted, 

That the Plans now laid befor the Town [367.] be printed 
& a Sufficient number ordered by the Selectmen to be sent to the 
House of every Inhabitant by the Constable with a Minuet of the 
Adjournment at the bottom of said Plans 

Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned it shall be to next 
Thursday the 17 th of June Current 3 OClock Afternoon then to 
meet in this Place 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

3 'OClock in the Afternoon Met according to Adjournment 

The Motion made at the last Meeting Viz*. That the sense 
of the Town be taken with respect to the expediency of making 
any Alterations in the present form of the Goverment of the 
Town was again read, but the impatiance of the Inhabitants 
for the Question being immediatley put prevented any Debate 
thereon 

After some warm altercations it was moved and seconded, 
"that the sense of the Town be now taken, whether it is ex- 
pedient that any alteration should be made in the present form 
of the Goverment of the Town and the Question being ac- 
cordingly put Passed in the Negative by a great Majority 

It was then Moved and contesated for that the Meeting should 
be immediately dissolved and the Meeting was accordingly 
dissolved 

[368.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneiul Hall on Monday the 
5 th : Day of July Anno Domini 1784. 10 O'Clock in the Fore- 
noon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 43 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting was read 

The Town having Voted to choose a Moderator by a Hand 
Vote 

Thomas Daws Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting 

The Committee Appointed by the Town the 4 th of July last to 
apply to a proper Gentelman to deliver an Oration of the 4 th of 
July Instant (in such place as the Town shall determine to be a 
Most convenient for the purpose) it being a Day ever memorable 
in the Annals of this Country for the Decleration of our Inde- 
pendance 

Reported 

That having met several times for the purpose mentioned in 
the Town Vote, that they have unanimously made choice of Ben- 
jamin Hitchburn Esq r . to deliver an Oration on the fourth of July 
Instant, who had accordingly Accepted of that service 

The foregoing Vote having been read, the same was accepted 
by the Town 

[369.] The Town having took into consideration when would 
be the best time to have the Oration pronounced ; as also what 
place would be most suitable for the purpose It was 

Voted, that the Oration be delivered at the Old South Meeting 
House, consent having been obtained therefor, the Hall not 
being capacious enougji to receive the Inhabitants that attend 
upon the Occasion also 

Voted, that M r : John Lowel 

Eben r . Hancock Esq r . 
John Gardner Esq r . 

be a Committee to wait upon Benjamin Hitchburne Esq r . and 
Acquaint him that it is the desire of the Town, that the Oration 
may be delivered at the Old South Church at 12. O. Clock 

Then the Meeting was Adjourned to 12. O 'Clock then to meet 
at the Old South Church 

12. O'Clock, Town met according to Adjournment 

AN ORATION 

To commemorate the Independance of the United States of 
America, was delivered by Benjamin Hitchburne Esq r : at the 
Old South Church to a large & Crowded Assembly 

[37O.] On a Motion Voted, that 

The Selectmen 



44 CITY DOCUMENT. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to wait on Benjamin 
Hitchburn Esq r . and in the Name of the Town to thank him for 
the Learned & elagant Oration this Day delivered by Mm at the 
Request of the Town upon the Anniversary of the Independance 
of the United States of America in which according to the Insti- 
tution of the Town he considered the felings manners and prin- 
caples which lead to that great National Event and to request 
of him a Copy thereof for the Press 

On a Motion Voted, that the Gentelmen the Selectmen be 
and hereby are appointed a Committee to Apply to some one 
Learned and able Gentelman to deliver an Oration on the 4 th . of 
July 1785, that Day being the Anniversary of the INDEPENDANCE 
of the United States of America, wherein the Orator is to con- 
sider the feelings Manners, and principles which lead to this great 
National Event ; as well as the important and happy effects 
whether general or domistick which have already and will forever 
continue to flow from that Auspicious Epoch 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 



[371.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneiul Hall on Tuesday 
the 17 th Day of August A : D. 1784 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

It was moved & Voted, that a Moderator be chosen by a Hand 
Vote 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . was chosen but could not attend 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . also chosen but on his Motion was excused 
by the Town 

Joseph Greanleaff Esq r . 

was chosen Moderator of this Meeting and took the Chair accord- 
ingly 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock in the Afternoon 

3 O'Clock Afternoon Town met according to Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant relative to Choosing Cullers of 
Staves was read, and on a Motion Voted to defer the Choice of 
said Officers 

[373.] Voted, that the Sum of twelve pence on the Pound 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 45 

be and hereby is allowed to such Persons as are or may be 
chosen Collectors of Taxes for the year ensuing of all such Sums 
as they shall Collect and pay into the several Treasuries of the 
Sum committed to them to Collect ; within eight Months from the 
receit of the Tax Books ; Six pence on the pound on all such 
other Sums as they shall have paid in within twelve Months, and 
four pence upon all Afterwards Also that such Collectors shall 
give Bond with sufficient Sureties to the Satisfaction of the Select- 
men for the faithfull discharge of their duty in said Office, and 
complying with this Vote And that they will not receive any 
Premium or gratuity for discounting any Order, Note or Receipt 
from the Treasurer of the State or the Treasurer of the Town 

The Selectmen having communicated to the Town a Letter of 
William Foster Esq r . to the Selectmen presenting the Town with 
thirty eight Glob Lamps to light the Streets 

Voted, that the Selectmen except the same, and that they pre- 
sent the Thanks of the Town to M r . Foster for his generous 
Donation 

[373.] M r . Hermon Brimmer appointed one of the Commit- 
tee to consider what may be due to the late Treasurer in the 
room of M r . Joseph Barrel who declines serving 

On the Report of the Committee to consider the Memorial of 
Cap*. John Ballard Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market 

Voted, that Cap*. John Ballard Clerk of Fanuiel Hall Market 
be and hereby is impowered to receive the whole of the Rents for 
the Stalls both within and without the Market Building, and to 
pay the same into the Treasury once in every three Months 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. " To consider whether there 
shall be a Revision of the By Laws, and such Additions or alter- 
ations made as may be Judged proper by the Town where- 
upon 

Voted, that the Hon ble . Robert T. Payne 

John Lowell Esq r . 

James Sullivan Esq r . 

Benjamin Hitchbourn Esq r . 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

be a Committee to Revise the By Laws and to Report whether 
any further Laws can be made to regulate the Market 

[374.] The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 : " To consider 
what further measures are necessary to regulate Faneuil Market 
was read whereupon 

Voted, that Col : Daws 

M r . Thomas Walley 
Cap*. John Ballard 



46 CITY DOCUMENT. 

be a Committee to Erect such Stalls on the Towns Land near 
Faneuil Hall as they may Judge useful and to persue such 
Measures in performing the Business as shall appear to them the 
least expensive to the Town 

On a Motion Voted, That the Vote passed at last March Meet- 
ing assigning the Range on the North side of the Market House 
for the use of Lemmon Sellers be Reconsidered 

Adjourned to Tuesday next being the 24 th Inst : 3. O'Clock. 
P: M: 

Tuesday August 24 th . 3. O'Clock P. M. met according to Ad- 
journment 

On a motion, Voted, that 

Cap* : Isaac Phillips 

be Appointed one of the Committee on the late Treasurer's 
Accounts, in the room of M r . Herman Brimmer who declines 
serving 

The Articles in the Warrant for the choice of Cullers of Staves 

read whereupon it was moved & Voted, that the choice of Cul- 
lers of Staves & Hoops be Suspended 

[375.] The Report of the Committee on M r . Grays Petition 

read whereupon it was moved & Voted, that the choice of Cul- 
lers of Staves & Hoops be suspended 

The Report of the Committee on M r . Grays Petition read & 
considered and the Question being put Whether the same shall 
be Accepted passed in the negative 

The Report of the Committee relative to a new School was 
read & considered whereupon it was. Voted, that the Town 
hire at the Public charge the Schoolhouse mentioned in the Peti- 
tion of the Propriators, and Appoint a School Master to Educate 
as many Children as the Same School will hold, he to be paid at 
the publick Expence from and After the 1 st . of September next 
untill such time as Another School House can be Obtained fitted 
for the purpose of educating all the Children in that Quarter 
and that the same pay and Allowance shall be made the Master 
as is allowed the others of the Town writing School Masters 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. " To consider what meas- 
ures the Town will take respecting their Land on which the South 
Battery stands, and the Land Adjacent" was read where- 
upon 

Voted, that the Hon ble : James Sullivan Esq r . 
Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . 
Samuel Henshaw Esq r . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 47 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid to Report at the Ad- 
journment 

[376.] The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 To consider 
whether the Town will take any further steps with respect to 
their Lands on the Neck" was read whereupon 

Voted, that Samuel Brick Esq r . 

Nath 1 : Barber Esq r . 

Nath 1 : Appleton Esq r . 

William Tuder Esq r r 

Edward Proctor Esq r . 

be a Committee to consider what measures may be taken to pre- 
serve the Lands on both sides of the Neck leading to Roxbury, 
and to Report how in their Opinion, the several parts of the same 
may be leased to the greatest Advantage, as well as to preserve 
the same as to render it beneficial hereafter to the Town 

The Committee of the Revision of the By Laws Reported 
and the same being read it was moved & Voted, that the consid- 
eration of this Report be referred over to the Adjournment & 
also. Voted, That said Committee be desired to draw up By 
Laws for the regulation of the Market agreeable to their said 
Report 

Adjourned to this Day three Weeks being Tuesday the 14 th 
Day of Septem r . next 3. O'Clock Afternoon^ 

[377.J Tuesday the 14 th Day of September 3. O'Clock 
Afternoon Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee Appointed to revise the By Laws of the Town, 
Reported one, relative to Surveyors which was read, and accepted 
save the two last Paragraps, and the same was referred to the 
Committee for their further consideration also Voted, that 

Joseph Greenleaf Esq r : be added 
to said Committee 



The Report of the Committee at large (as Letters C on file) 
was then read whereupon it was moved and Voted, that this Re- 
port lay for further consideration, and that the Committee be de- 
sired to revise such of the Towns By Laws which have been made 
before or since the Year 1758. and if they are of Opinion that 
any of such Laws should still be in force that they Report the 
Same to the Town at the Adjournment of this Meeting, and that 
the Town Clerk be directed to examine the Town Records and lay 
before said Committee such Laws if any there be as have been 
made since the Year 1758 And Report at the Adjournment 

The Committee relative to Lands on the Neck Reported, and 
the same being read it was moved & Voted, that the further con- 
sideration be referred to the Adjournment 



48 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[378.] Voted, that the Town Clerk be directed to Apply to 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . the Clerk of the Sessions for Copies of such 
By Laws as have been passed by the Town and allowed by the 
Court of General Sessions of the Peace since the last printed 
Code 

Voted, that the Town Clerk be directed to Notify the Inhabi- 
tants by printed Notifications of the Business of the Meeting 

Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned it shall be to this 
Day four Weeks being the 12 th of October next. 3. O'Clock P.M. 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

October 12 th 3. OClock in the Afternoon Met according 
to Adjournment 

The Report of the Committee appointed to devise Methods for 
preserving and Leasing the Towns Lands on the Neck ware 
again read and some consideration thereon, moved & 

Voted, that the Report be recommitted, and that said Commit- 
tee be desired to confer with the Persons whose Land is con- 
nected with this Report, and that the Committee be desired to 
consider and Report another Plan for the more [379.] speedy 
preservation of the Neck 

One gentelman of the Committee for revising By Laws Re- 
ported that the Committee were not ready to Report, whereupon 
it was moved and 

Voted, that said Committee be directed to make Application 
to the General Court for larger Powers in the making of By 
Laws 

Moved & Voted, that all Matters unfinished at this Meeting be 
referred-over to the next General Town Meeting that may be 
called 

Then the Meeting was 
dessolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuiel Hall on Tuesday the 11 th 
Day of January A.D. 1785 3 O. Clock Afternoon 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1784. 49 

The Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . was chosen Moderator of 
this Meeting by a hand Vote 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. To consider "& make 
answer to a Petition [38O.] of thirteen Towns in this Com- 
monwealth for repealing or altering the Act of the General 
Court, for regulating the Market in Boston" was read. On a 
Motion, the Act of the General Court was also read. where- 
upon, the Question was put Viz 1 . Whether it be the sense of 
the Town that said Act should be Repealed passed in the 
Affirmative 

It was then Moved & Voted, that the Gentelmen the Select- 
men together with the Hon ble : Robert Treat Payne Esq r : Mr. 
Thomas Walley & Joseph Greenleaf Esq r : be a Committee to 
make Answer to the Petition referred to 

On a Motion Voted, that there shall be an Adjournment of the 
present Meeting 

Voted, that the Committee aforenamed be directed to make 
Report at the Adjournment of this Meeting, the draught of an 
Answer to the Petition aforesaid, as also to lay before the Town 
at the same time an Account of what Moneys have been collected 
for stands, without the Market And that the Clerk of the 
Market be instructed to furnish the Said Committee with an 
Account of all the Moneys which has been collected by him with- 
out the Market House 

Voted, that when this Meeting is [381.] Adjourned, it shall 
be to Tuesday the 18 th of January Ins 1 . 3. O.Clock in the After- 
noon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Met According to Adjournment Tuesday the 18 th of January 
3. O'Clock P: M: 

A Motion was made & the Question put. Viz*. . Whether 
the consideration of those Matters unfinished at the March Meet- 
ing which stood referred over to this Meeting be further referred 
to the Next Town Meeting Passed in the Affirmative 

The Committee Appointed to prepare an Answer to the Peti- 
tion of thirteen Towns in this Commonwealth for repealing or 
altering the Act of the General Court for regulating the Market 
in Boston Report as follows Viz*. 

% 

To the Hon ble Senate & House of Representatives in General 
Court Assembled at Boston January 1785 



50 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Town of Boston having been favor 'd through the medium 
of their Selectmen with a Copy of the Petition of the Towns of 
Roxbury, Braintree & Other Towns, respecting the Honourable 
Court either to repeal or alter a late Law relative to the Market 
in Boston and have also been notified to Appear before the next 
said Court to make Answer to said Petition [382.] if they see 
Cause, in consequence of which Notification the said Town of 
Boston by their Committee Viz*: the Selectmen appear & beg 
leave to take notice of the Reasons given in the said Petition 
why the said Law should be repealed or altered 

In the first place the Petitioners say that Considerable Sums 
of Money have been demanded for the Inconsiderable priviledge 
of standing on the same " that is the Market ground " this they 
deem to be contrary to that freedom of appropriating their own 
Towns properity by their own consent & consequently unconsti- 
tutional and Oppressive 

In Answer to which we say that whatsoever Sums have been 
demanded, but a trifle has been paid even not sufficient to pay 
the daily expence of the Market, But that this Demand is contrary 
to the Intent of the Legislature, doth not appear, if we are to 
Judge by a fair and candid perusal of the Market Law, and to 
say that paying Money for a priviledge (as they own it to be in 
their Petition) is contrary to that freedom of Appropriating 
their own "properity by their own consent, & unconstitutional 
and " oppressive," is as we conceive contrary to common Sense, 
If they enjoy a Priviledge its fit they should pay for it, to procure 
them this Priviledge the Town have been at the [383.] Expence 
of near two Thousand Pounds in filling up the Docke and are 
annually at the expence of a Clerk to accomodate the Market 
Men & a Labourer, who every Day after the Market is over, 
clears away the Dung & rubish better to accomodate them, 
Their own Properity they dispose of as they please, & do what 
they will with their money when received & how this can be 
deem'd unconstitutional, or oppressive cannot be concived but 
by the Framers of said Petition 

The next thing the Petitioners complain of is being restrained 
from standing more than half an " houre in any public place or 
Street, in Boston under "the penalty of two Shillings for every 
offence "which they concieve to be an abridgment of that Liberty 
which every good Citizen ought to enjoy," All that need be 
said in answer to this is, that by the paragraph referred to in- 
stead of Abridging it is an enlargement of their liberty before 
the Law, Teams, Carts, Trucks, Chaise &c Standing a less space 
of time in the Street, road or high way would be deem'd a com- 
mon Nuisance & might be punish'd as such 'tis a Priviledge that 
no Inhabitant of this Commonwealth either in Boston or in any 
other Town is allowed. 

The Petitioners also Complain of it as a hardship that Common 
Street is set a part as a market place for the sale of Hay, Wood 
&c Instead of a greivance this is another Priviledge, there they 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 51 

may stand all Day, without being liable to be presented [384.] 
for obstructing the road, as an Inhabitant of Boston might be. 

We have this further to say Viz* : that the Law which they 
complain of doth not Compel them either to go into Common 
Street with their Lumber or the Market with their Provisions, 
it leaves them at free Liberty to pass and repass, thro' all the 
Streets in Boston so as they do not Obstruct the passage or 
make it inconvenient for other passangers thus it appears that 
their Blood & Treasure "has not in this respect been spent in 
vain 

We know of no Jealousy or Cause of Jealousy subsisting be- 
tween Town & Country ; We are one People, Brothers ; our Inter- 
ests are one ; and to convince our Friends in the Country, espe- 
cially those in the Petitiononing Towns, that we wish to live in 
perfect Harmony with them, we shall make no oppositions to a 
Motion for a Total repeal of this Act which they complain off 
however mistaken we think they have been in the construction 
of it. 

It was then moved and Voted, that the Town do accept of this 
Report, and that the s d : Committee Viz*. " The Gentelmen the 
Selectmen & the Hon b!e : Robert T. Payne Esq r . M P . Thomas 
Walley and Joseph Greenleaf Esq r . be and hereby are instructed 
to lay the Same before the General Court as the Answer of the 
Town to the Petition aforesaid 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



[385.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 10 th 
Day of February Anno Domini 1785. 3. O'Clock P. M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 
chosen Moderator of this Meeting, by a hand Vote 

The Petition for calling the Meeting Signed by five hundred 
of the Inhabitants was read 

The I 8t . Article in the Warrant Viz*. "To consider & de- 
termine (on the request of a Number of the Inhabitants) Whether 
the Town will prefer a Petition to the Honourable the General 
Court, that the Petition of Thomas Russel Esq r . & Others, who 
pray for liberty to build a Bridge over Charles River where the 
Ferry between Charlestown & Boston is now kept' may be 
granted" was read and considered, whereupon the Question 
was put Viz* : Whether such a Petition shall be preferred to the 



52 CITY DOCUMENT. 

General Court Passed in the Affirmative, with but two Dis- 
sentients there being 1300 Voters present 

[386.] The 2 d : Article in the Warrant Viz*. " Whether the 
Town will give Instructions to their Representatives to support 
& use their endeavours to have the same Petition granted ' ' 
was read, and the Question being accordingly put Passed in 
the Affermative unanimousley 

Voted, that Benj a . Hitchbourn Esq r . 

Hon ble : John Lowel Esq r . 

AVilliam Tudor Esq r . 

Hon ble : Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

Thomas Dawes, Ju r . Esq r . 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to prepare a Draught 
of a Petition accordingly 

Moved & Voted, that all matters referred over to this Meeting 
be referred to the Annual Meeting in March next 

The aforegoing Committee Reported the Draught of a Petition 
to the General Court as directed ; and the same having been read 
the Question was put ' ' Whether the Town do approve of the 
same Passed in the Affirmative unanimously 

Moved & Voted, that said Petition be signed by the Town 
Clerk in the Name & behalf of the Town and that he hand in 
the same to the Gentelmen who Represent this Town in the 
General Court also 

[387.] Voted, that the Town Clerk serve each of said Gen- 
telmen with an Attested Copy of the aforegoing Instructions for 
the Support of said Petition 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualified, and legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 14 th 
Day of March A :M 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Eckley 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting were ac- 
cordingly read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 53 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, and the same being 
brought in and sorted it, appeared that the 

Hon ble : Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
was, chosen Moderator 

William Cooper Esq r . 

was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing and took the Oath 
of Office for the faithful discharge of his Duty which Oath was 
Administered to him by M r . Justice Price 

[388.] The Town having determined by a Vote to choose 
nine Selectmen, the Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw 
and bring in their Votes for that number, and the same brought 
in and sorted, it Appeared that the following Gentelmen Viz 1 . 

John Scollay Esq r . 

Nathan Frazier Esq r . declines serving 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

Cap 1 . William Mackay 

Tuttle Hubbart Esq r . 

John Brown Esq r . 

M r . Bossinger Foster declines serving 

Cap*. Edward Tyler 

Cap*. Amasa Davis 
were chosen Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

On a Motion Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given unto Deacon Thomas Greenough, for his faith- 
ful Services as a Selectman a Number of years past 

On a Motion Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given unto David Jeffries Esq r . for his faithful Ser- 
vices as a Selectman a number of years past 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for twelve Overseers of the Poor, and the Votes having 
been brought in and Sorted, it Appear'd that 
[389.] The Hon ble : William Phillips Esq r . 

Isaac Smith Esq r . 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

M r . Samuel Whitwell 

John White Esq r . 

Edward Proctor Esq r . 

William Powell Esq r . 

John Sweetser p]sq r . 

Joseph Webb Esq r . 

M r . Henry Prentice 

M r . Jon a : L. Austin 

M r . Samuel Parkman 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 



54 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes, for Sixteen Fire-Wards ; and the same being brought in 
and Sorted it Appeared 

On a Motion Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given unto Cap 1 . Samuel Partridge for his faithful 
Services as an Overseer of the Poor a Number of years past 

Adjourned to 3 : OClock in the Afternoon 

3 : OClock Afternoon met according to Adjournment 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for Sixteen Fire- Wards ; and the same having been brouhgt 
in & Sorted it Appeared that 

[39O.J AVilliam Cooper, Esq r . 

Edward Procter Esq r . 

M r . Thomas Tileston 

Cap 1 . Gustavus Fellows 

M r . John Lowell 

Andrew Syms Esq r . 

Cap*. John Ballard 

M r . John Wintroop 

Thomas Melville Esq r . 

Cap 1 . Isaac Phillips 

Col. Jabez Hatch 

M r . Jacob Rhoades 

M r . Joseph Clark 

Major Robert Davis 

Samuel Brick Esq r . 

M r . Henry Bass 
were chosen Fire Wards for the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market, and upon sorting them 
it Appeared, that 

M r . Matthew Nazro 
was chosen Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market for the Year ensuing 

To Morrow 10. OClock Fore Noon assigned for corning to the 
choice of a County Treasuerer 

On a Motion Voted, that the choice of Wardens be postponed 

[391.] The Inhabitants withdrew & brought in their Votes 
for a Town Treasurer, and upon sorting them it Appeared that 

M r . Peter Boyer 
was chosen Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing unanimously 

On a Motion Voted, that Collectors of Taxes be chosen sepe- 
rate from Constables 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 55 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for twelve Constables, 
and the same being sorted it Appeared that the following Persons 
were chosen Viz*. 

Mess rs : John Lampson 

John Pownal -------- sworn 

Nathaniel Henchman d. 
Samuel Whitney 

Samuel Smith Sworn 
George Hamlin 

Isaac Wendell - -- Sworn 

Francis Booth Sworn 

George Butterfield (excused) 

John T. Hurley Sworn 

William Patten - Sworn 

Moses Bass ----____ (excused) 

Adjourned to to Morrow Morning 10. O'Clock 

Tuesday March 15 th . 10-OClock in the Forenoon met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

[392.] The following Persons were chosen Clerks of the 
Market for the year ensuing Viz*. 

Cap* : William Donnison sworn 

M r . Benjamin Cutler sworn 
M r . Thomas L. Winthrop 

M r . John Erving sworn 

M r . Benjamin Austin Ju r . 

M r . Samuel Blag sworn 

M r . John Marston Jun r . 

M r . Thomas W Russell sworn 

M r . John Goreham Rogers sworn 

M r . Syluester Bourn sworn 

M r . William Fisher sworn 

M r . David Spear Ju r . sworn 

Cap*. William McNeil 

Edward How sworn 

were chosen Surveyors of Hemp for the ensuing Year 

Mess rs : George Hamlin sworn 

Samuel Curtis sworn 

were chosen Haywards for the Year ensuing 

Mess 1 " 8 : William Sharp 
Jacob Edes 
Josiah Simpson 
John Skinner 
were chosen Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

Mess 18 : John Neat 

Jonathan Stoddard 



56 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Andrew Townsend Ju r . Sworn 

[393.] Benjamin White sworn 

William Todd 
were chose Fence Viewers for the ensuing Year 

Mess rs : Nathan Green (deli ties) 

James Bruce sworn 

James Williams - - - sworn 

Samuel Bangs _ . _ sworn 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the year ensuing 

M r . William Daws Jun r 
was chosen an Informer of Deer for the year ensuing 

Mess rs : Thomas Green 

John Skinner 
were chose Assay Masters for the year ensuing 

The Selectmen 
were chose Surveyors of High Ways for the Year ensuing 

John Lucas Esq r 
John Jenkins 
M r . Edward Tuckerman 
John White Esq r . 
M r . Edward Edes 
were chosen Surveyors of Wheat & Flour for the Year ensuing 

Mess rs : Isaac Tuckerman sworn 

Jacob Goold sworn 

where chose Constables for the Year ensuing 

Ward 

[394.] Mess rs . Jonathan Farnum N 1 

Thomas Bradford 2 Sworn 

Nathaniel Hill 3 

Benjamin Henderson - - - - 4 

Jacob Edes 5 

Benjamin Curtis ------ 6 

William Breed 7 

Jasiah Simpson 8 Sworn 

William Rogers ------ 9 sworn 

Adam Colson -------10 

William Sharp _--_--ii sworn 

Ephraim Thayer 12 

were chose Scavingers for the year ensuing 

Voted, that the Sum of twelve pence on the Pound be and 
hereby is allowed to Such Persons as are or may be chosen Col- 
lectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as they 
shall Collect and pay into the several Treasuries of the Sum com- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 57 

mitted to them to Collect within eight Months from the Receit of 
the Tax Books ; six pence on the Pound on all such Other Sums 
as they shall so have paid in within twelve Months and four 
pence upon all Afterwards Also that such Collectors shall give 
Bond with Sufficient Sureties to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen 
for the faithful discharge of their Duty in said Office and com- 
plying [395.] with this Vote ; and that they will not receive 
any Premium or Gratuity for discounting any Order Note or 
Recepts from the Treasurer of the State or the Treasurer of the 
Town 

On a Motion Voted, that the Allowance to the Assessors be 
seven shillings & Six Pence "$ Day for the time they may sit in 
doing the Business of their Office 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
unto Nathan Frazier Esq r . for his faithful Services as a Select- 
man for a Number of years past 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are impowered and 
directed to set for Such Abatement of Taxes as they shall 
Judge reasonable, ten Days following the date & delivery of the 
Tax Bill (Lord Days excepted) and no longer saving that they 
be allowed to set two Days the last Week in February for the 
Abatement of the Taxes of such Persons as had not an Oppor- 
tunity of Applying in the Above limitted time, by reason of their 
being out of the Commonwealth, or any other unavoidable hin- 
drance ; at which time they are also allowed and impowered to 
Abate the Taxes of such Persons as may have died Insolvent 
before the said time 

[396.] Voted, that Edward Payne Esq r . 

Edward Green Esq r . 

Joseph Russel Esq r . 

William Parsons 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to Audit the Accompts 
of M r . Peter Boyer Treasurer and also the Accompts of the Over- 
seers of the Poor ; and the said Committee are impowered when 
they shall Audit said Accompts, allow such of the Overseers of 
the Poor as shall have Advanced Monies for the Relief of the 
Poor Interest on all such Sums from the time so Advanced, 
untill they have Audited said Accompts and they are also desired 
to Report from time to time a State of the Treasury respecting 
its Debts and Credits, and on any matters, that they may think 
proper 

And the Committee are also directed to examine the Draught 
of the Selectmen 



58 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for twelve Survey ers of Boards & Shingles ; and upon 
sorting them it appeared, that 

[397.] Mess rs : John Cham pney sworn 

Joseph Butler d. 

Henry Blaisdel - , d. 

Benjamin Page d. 

Abraham Howard ------ d. 

James Rogers d. 

Joshua Bently d. 

Joseph Eyres d. 

Clement Collins ------- d. 

Samuel Dyer -- d. 

Samuel Fen no d. 

Edmund Ranger ------- d. 

were chose Surveyors of Boards for Year ensuing 

Adjourned to 3. OClock in the Afternoon 

3. O'Clock Afternoon Met According to Adjournment 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a County Treasurer, which were received, and sealed 
up in Meeting and then delivered to M r . Constable Smith to be 
by him returned to the Court of General Sessions of the Peace at 
their next Meeting : 

[398.] The Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes 
for Seven Assessors and the same being sorted it Appeared that 

Mess 1 " 9 : William Lowder - Sworn 

Glyes Harris d. 

Moses May - - - - - d. 

John Pulling d. 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . d. 

Cap*. William Fleet 

John R. Sigorney sworn 

were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants were desired to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for four Collectors when it Appeared that 

Mess r8 : James Thompson sworn 

Thomas Bayley sworn 

Daniel Parker 

Charles Williams sworn 

were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their 
Votes for four Selectmen in the room of such as had declined 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1785. 59 

serving and the same being brought in accordingly it Appeared 
that 

[399,] Mess : John Andrews 

Henry Jackson Esq r . declines 
Hermon Brimmer - - d. 
Cap 1 . William Brown 
were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

Col. Josiah Waters declines 
was chosen a Fire Ward for the Year ensuing 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. " To consider the request of 
Governor Hancock respecting Beacon Hill was read where- 
upon 

Voted, that William Tuder Esq r . 

Samuel Barret Esq r . 

Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

Benj a . Hitchbourn Esq r . 

Nath 1 . Appleton Esq r . 

be a Committee to take this Article into consideration : to confer 
with Governer Hancock and Report as soon as may be 

The Request of a Number of the Inhabitants " that Measures 
may be taken for making a Road from West Boston to the North 
End, where the Causeway is or near it " was read whereupon 

[4OO.] Voted, that Col. John May 

Cap 1 . Isaac Phillips 

Col. Daws 

Deacon Sharp 

William Tuder Esq r . excused 

Hon ble : John Lowell Esq r . 

be a Committee to take this Request under consideration, and to 

Report as soon as may be 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. " To consider the request of 
the Inhabitants that spnie effectual Measures may be taken, as 
well as to prevent the Inroads of the Sea on each side of the 
Neck as for the safety of Passengers passing & repassing the 
same " was read whereupon 

Voted, that Samuel Brick Esq r . 
Nath 1 . Barber Esq r . 
Nath 1 . Appleton Esq r . 
William Tuder Esq r . 
Edward Proctor Esq r . 
John Lucas Esq r . 
Col. Daws - - - Esq r . 
Josiah Waters Esq r . 
Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . 



60 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[4.O1.] be a Committee to consider this Matter, and Report 
as soon as* may be 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. "That the sense of the 
Town may be taken as to the Appointment of a Master for the 
Southermost Writing School " was read, as also the Petition 
to the Selectmen relative thereto whereupon it was moved, and 
Voted, unanimously, That the same be left to the Selectmen for 
them to consider and Act thereon as they shall Judge best 

The Request of a Number of the Inhabitants "that a Watch 
may be established as formerly in State Street was read, where- 
upon 

Voted, that said Request be granted, and that the Selectmen 
be directed to take order for establishing a Watch at the Place 
prayed for 

Adjourned to to Morrow Morning 10 O'Clock Forenoon 

10 O Clock March 16. Town Met According to Adjourn- 
ment 



Mess 1 " 8 : Joseph Spear 

Cap*. Manassah Maston sworn 

Joshua Pico 

Caleb Hayden ....... sworn 

John Owen 

Edward Burt ........ d. 

Cap*. David Spear 

Joseph Loring 

Robert Hitchbourn 

John M c Elroy 

Daniel Bell ........ d. 

William Marston 
were chose Cullers of Staves and Hoops for the Year ensuing 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . The "Request of a Number of 
the Inhabitants ' ' that the Town would take Measures for a 
supply of Bulls on the Common" was read whereupon 

Voted, that this matter be referred to the Selectmen, for them 
to Act thereon, as they shall Judge proper 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for two Selectmen, and 
upon sorting them it Appeared that 

[4O3.] M r . Joshua Henshaw Ju r . 

M r . Moses Grant 
were chosen Selectmen for the Year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECOKDS, 1785. 61 

The Request of a number of the Inhabitants that the Town 
would consider what shall be done with regard to the Admeasure- 
ment of Wood on the Wharves &c was read whereupon 

Voted, that Deacon Sharp 

William Story Esq r . 

Mr. Jeremiah Belknap 

be a Committee to take this matter into consideration and to Re- 
port thereon as soon as may be 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. ' ' To consider relative to 
Monies due from the Collectors of Taxes " was read where- 
upon 

Voted, that Edward Payne, Esq r . 

Edward Green Esq r . 

Joseph Russell Jun r . 

M r . William Parsons 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 

the Committee to Audit the Account of the Town Treasurer be a 
Committee to consider this Matter and to Report at the Adjourn- 
ment 

Voted, that the Committee to Audit [4O4.] The Accompt of 
the Town Treasurer be desired to prepare an Estamate of the 
Money necessary to be raised for the services of the Town the 
Year ensuing, stating the particular uses to which the same is to 
be Appropriated, and to Report at the Adjournment 

Voted, that the consideration of all Money matters be referred 
to the time the Above Committee make Report 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " To consider what Measures 
the Town will take respecting the Market " was read, as also a 
Memorial of Cap*. John Ballard whereupon 

Voted, that M r . John Andrews 

M r . Samuel May 

M r . Thomas Walley 

Christ . Gore Esq r . 

John Lucas Esq r . 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid, to Report as soon as 
may be 

The Memorial of M r . Alexander Hill relative to Monies he had 
lent the Town, was read whereupon 

Voted, that M r . Cristop r . Gore Esq r . 

Nath 1 . Appleton Esq r . excused 
John Lucas Esq r . 

[4O5.] M r . Jonathan Mason excused 

Joseph Russel Jun r . 



62 CITY DOCUMENT. 

be a Committee to consider & Report at the Adjournment 

The Petition of John Lambert, " that a further allowance may 
be made him for work done on the Common & Repairs at North 
Battery Wharf was read whereupon 

Voted, that said Petition be left to the Selectmen for them to 
Act thereon as they shall Judge proper 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. " To consider whether Appli- 
cation shall be made to the General Court to Authorise the Town 
to choose an Additional Number of Selectmen was read 
whereupon 

Voted, that the Hon ble : Steph n . Higginson Esq r . 
Christ 1 . Gore Esq r . 
Benjamin Lincoln Esq r . 

be a Committee to consider this Article and Report thereon at 
the Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant relative to Fire Insurance Company 
was read and 

[4O6.] After some debate it was Moved and Voted that the 
further consideration of this Matter be referred over to the Ad- 
journment of this Meeting 

Moved that this Meeting be Adjourned to the first Monday in 
April next, 3. OClock in the Afternoon 

And the Meeting was Adjourned Accordingly 



Prayer was made by the Rev d : M r : Peter Thatcher 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Paragraph of the Constitution or Form of Government relative 
to the choise of Governor Leiv*. Governor, and Six Senators for 
the County of Suffolk was also read 

On a Motion Voted, that the Town will come to the choice of 
a Governor Lev*. Governor and Six Senators for the County of 
Suffolk 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Votes would be 
received but such as are unfolded 

[4O7.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of twenty One Years and upwards qualified as the Con- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 63 

stitution prescribes, and legally warned in publick Town Meeting 
Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 4 th . Day of April 
Anno Domini, 1785 9. OClock A : M : 

Prayer was made by The Rev d : M r : Peter Thatcher 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Paragraph of the Constitution or Form of Goverment relative 
to the choice, of Governor Lev 1 : Governor and Six Senators for 
the County of Suffolk was also read 

On a Motion Voted, that the Town will now come to the choice 
of a Governor Lev* : Governor and Six Senators for the County 
of Suffolk - 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Votes would be 
received but such as are unfolded, and that they [4O8.] Propose 
the Poll shall be closed at One O'Clock 

On a Motion, Voted that the several Bells in the Town be set 
a Ringing at half past Twelve O'Clock and to continue Ringing 
untill O' 1 Clock 

Persons Voted for as Governor with the number of Votes for 
each Person Viz* : 

Votes 

His Honor Thomas Gushing Esq r . 337 

Honourable James Bowdoin p]sq r . 574 

Hon ble : Tristram Dalton Esq r . 7 

Hon ble : Benjamin Lincoln Esq r . 23 

Honourable John Hancock Esq r . _.. '5 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . - ---- 4 

Hon ble : Francis Dana Esq r . 1 

Persons Voted for as Lievetenant Governor with the Number 
of Votes for each Person Viz 1 . 

Votes 

His Honor Thomas Gushing Esq r . 665 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 259 

Hon ble : Tristram Dalton Esq r . --------- 5 

Hon ble : James Warren Esq r . _._ 1 

Hon ble : Benjamin Lincoln Esq r . .--__ l 

James Swan Esq r . 1 

Thomas Russell Esq r . 1 

[4O9.] Persons Voted for as Senators for the County of 
Suffolk with the Number of Votes for each Parson Viz 1 . 



His Honor Thomas Gushing Esq r . 
The Hon ble : John Lowell Esq r . - 



64 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Hon ble : Samuel Dexter Esq r . ------ -~~. 153 

Hon ble : Gotten Tuff ts Esq r . 901 

Hon ble i Benjamin Lincoln 126 

Hou ble : William Heath Esq r . 407 

Hon Me : Samuel Adams Esq r . 692 

Hon ble : William Phillips Esq r . 739 

Stephen Metcalf Esq r . 590 

Richard Cranch Esq r . 408 

Hon ble : Benjamin Austin Esq r . ._._ 368 

John Brown Esq r . 191 

Ebenezer Wales Esq r . 51 

Hon ble : Samuel Nyles Esq r . 91 

Samuel Brick Esq r . - .-.._.. 55 

Hon ble : Stephen Higginson Esq r . 61 

Hon ble : Samuel A. Otis Esq r 23 

Hon ble . T. Dalton Esq r . 4 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . - 3 

Lemuel Hollock Esq r . 9 

Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . 6 

Isaac Smith Esq r . .----... 2 

Hon ble : James Sullivan Esq r . 4 

[41O.] Hon ble : Jobez Fisher Esq r . 10 

Thomas Daws Esq r . - - - - 3 

John Lucas Esq r . 1 

D r . Charles Jarvis -.-___. 2 

Thomas Russell Esq r . 5 

William Powell Esq r . 1 

Edward Payne Esq r . 1 

Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as Governor & Lieu 1 . 
Governer & Senators for the County of Suffolk were committed 
to the Secretary of this Commonwealth & the Inclosures Sealed 
up in Town Meeting, Superscribed as follows Viz*. 
For 

John Avery Esq r . 

Secretary of the Commonwealth 

of Massachusetts 

The Number of Votes of the Town of Boston for a Governer 
Liev* : Governer & Six Senators for the County of Suffolk Certi- 
fied within and sealed up in Town Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 



Adjournment of March Meeting Monday the 4 th . of April. 
3. OClock Afternoon met according to Adjournment 

The Moderator being Absent Col. Daws was chosen Modera- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 65 

tor Pro. Tern . [411.] but the Moderator Appearing, he took 
the Chair ; when it was moved that this Meeting be Adjourned to 
to Morrow. 3. O'Clock Afternoon and the Meeting was accord- 
ingly Adjourned 

Tuesday the 5 th Day of April 3. OClock Afternoon Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for one Selectman for 
the year ensuing, and upon sorting them it Appeared that 

M r . William Cunningham 
was chosen 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for one Fire Ward, and the same being brought in and 
sorted, it appeared that 

The Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . excused was chosen a Fire 
Ward for the Year ensuing 

The Report of the Committee relative to the Market & Cap*. 
Ballards Petition, read, whereupon moved and carried that, that 
part of the Report which relates to Monies received by Cap*. Bal- 
lard, and Accounts to be settled, be referred to the Selectmen for 
Settlement 

Also Voted, that the further [412.] consideration of the lat- 
ter part of said Report which relates to the Erecting Buildings 
&c be referred to May Meeting and that the same be inserted 
by the Selectmen in the Warrant that shall be issued for said 
Meeting 

The Article of the Warrant relative to the Neck, was read as 
also the Report of the Committee to take the same under consid- 
eration was read and the Report having been considered the 
Question was put Whether the same shall be Accepted 
Passed in the Affirmative and said Report is as follows Viz*. 

The Committee Appointed by the Town at their Annual Meet- 
ing 14 th . Day of March last " to consider the request of a Num- 
ber of the Inhabitants that some effectual Measures as well to 
prevent the Inroads of the Sea on each side of the Neck as for 
the Safety of Passengers passing or repassing the same " and to 
whom was recommended the Report of a Committee made on the 
same subject at a Town Meeting on the 14 th . Day of September 
last they have Attended the Business & Report 

That After mature consideration of the Report submitted to 
the Town by the [413.] Committee on the 14 th Day of Septem- 
ber they are of Opinion that the plan then reported involved in it 



66 CITY DOCUMENT. 

an Object of too great Magnitude to be carried into effect under 
the present straitened Finances of the Town & was calculated on 
two large a scale for Private Individuals to have engaged in ; 
Your Committee therefore think it not Advisable at present that 
any part of the Report referred to should be Adopted But as the 
present exposed situation of the Neck Demands that some imme- 
diate Measures should be persued to check the Inroads of the Sea 
which prevails daly & distructive Advances must in a little time 
produce the most runious Effects they propose 
"First that a Sea Wall shall be erected from the Soiitheast cor- 
ner of the Fortification to run fourteen hundred feet to & on the 
out side of Hills Dam (so caUed) to be built of stone with a double 
Capstan to be at least 3 feet at Bottom 2^ feet at Top & to 
be bedded two feet and the Stone Work to be five feet high in- 
cluding the bedding this Wall to be Well backed & secured & to 
be kept in good repaire as a Barrier against the Sea forever 
Secondly the Wall on the Northwest side of the Neck being in a 
very disjointed & tottering State, it is become exceeding neces- 
sary to have a range of Stronge Pickets 1 1 feet longe & well se- 
cured by being placed three feet in the Clay & at the distance of 
18 Inches from the Wall, which [4:14.] Space should be filled in 
with Roxbury Chips or small stones These Pickets ought to be 
five feet Above the Wall as it now stands all of the same heigth 
to be pointed & ribbarded near the Top. And to defrey the ex- 
pence Attending these Two pieces of Work it is proposed that the 
Town shall grant in fee to such Person or Persons as will undertake 
& finish in a substantial manner these two Important Barriers, all 
the Land and Flatts lying on the Southeast side of the Neck ex- 
tending 1400 feet from the Fortification to the end of the proposed 
Wall on that Side ; As Also all the Flatts on the Northwest side 
included within the Wall now standing & a line to be run par- 
rallel with said Wall at the distance of two hundred feet there- 
from, Subject however to the Grantees & their Heirs .& Assigns 
forever, hereafter keeping the said Barriers in good repair ; as 
also preserving the Passage way on each side the Pavement in suit- 
able Order for Travelling in the same manner that the Abutters 
on the publick Streets do in other parts of the Town The Grant 
above is Also to reserve to the Town forever a Street between 
the Premisses of Eighty feet wide. The Grantees are also to 
Covenant to each a Rale Fence on the Southeast side of the 
Above extent of 1400 feet [415.] as also the Picket work on 
the Northwest side, on or before the first day of November next 
for the security of Passangers and likewise to contract for the 
Building & compleating the Sea Wall by the first of Nov r : 1786 
Thirdly That the safety of Travellers & the Inhabitants, as 
well as the preservation of Sixty Acres of Upland & Marsh be- 
longing to the Town, make it exceeding necessary that the rest 
of the Land should be immediately inclosed by an Open Fence of 
Posts & two rails, similar to the one round the Common And 
to effect this purpose your Committee think it for the Interest of 
the Town to lease the same for the Term of Twelve years to such 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 67 

Person or Persons as will contract to raise such a Fence, keep 
the same in repair, & so leave the same at the expiration of said 
Term for the Use of the Town, & also engage to" set out suitable 
Elm Trees at 50 feet distance on each side of the Neck the whole 
extent of the Town Land & from time to time replace them when 
they decay or are destroyed This Bargain to be at the refusal 
of the Persons who shall undertake the Stone Wall & Picketing 
Fourthly It is become necessary that the sunking Pavement 
on the Center of the Isthmus should be [416.] raised two feet 
high for 450 feet extent that the Other parts of the Pavement 
should be repaired & that one Thousand Load at least of Gravil 
should be laid on the defective parts of the Cartway on the East 
Side of the Pavement The Expence of this said Work the Com- 
mittee compute to Amount to 500 & to defrey which they 
recomend it to the consideration of the Town to dispose of the 
Land Annexed to & Adjoining the Fortification within on both 
sides The sale of which they are of Opinion will raise the Sum 
wanted The Committee recomend that the Selectmen be Author- 
ized, or a Committee be Appointed to execute the Above Buisness 
on the best Terms & in the most expedious way possable & to 
make & execute proper Deeds to effect the purposes aforemen- 
tioned. The foregoing was unanimously Agreed &c 
Boston 4 th April 1785 Samuel Brick ^ Order 

The Committee relative to Land at S5 Battery, Reported 
and the same being read, it was on a Motion Voted, that the 
consideration of said Report be reffered to May Meeting ; and 
the Town Clark is directed to furnish the Hon ble : Oliver Wendell 
Esq r . [417.] with a Copy of said Report 

The Committee on the Petition of the Fire Insurance Com- 
pany Reported on a Motion Voted, that the consideration of 
said Report be referred to May Meeting 

The Committee on M r . Hills Petition Reported and the same 
being read and considered the Question was put Whether 
the same shall be accepted Passed in the Negative 

Moved & Voted, that M r . Hill have leave to withdraw said 
Petition 

The Committee relative to enlarging the present Number of 
Selectmen having Reported It was moved & Voted that the 
consideration of said Report be referred to May Meeting 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be referred over to the General Town Meeting in 
May next then to be Acted upon 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 



G8 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[418.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned 
in publick Town Meeting Assembled at Fanuiel Hall on Tuesday 
the 26 th Day of April A. D. 1785. 1 1 . O'Clock in the Forenoon 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read 

On a Motion 

The Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . was chosen Moderator of 
this Meeting by a Hand Vote 

Warrant again read, and on a Motion the Printed Resolution 
of the Merchants relative to some late Importation, was also 
read 

The first Clause of the Article in the Warrant Viz*: "To 
take into consideration the propriety of the Selectmen Acting 
agreeably to the Votes and Agreement of a late Meeting of a large 
Number of Merchants & Traders of the Town" was read, and 
After some Debate it was moved and carried that this Clause be 
passed Over and then the latter Clause of the Article in the 
[419.] Warrant Viz 1 . Whether the Town will take any meas- 
ures relative to said Business" was read, and considered 
whereupon the Question was put accordingly and passed in the 
Negative by a very large Majority 

It was then moved, that this Meeting be dissolved, and it was 
accordingly 

dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned, in publiek 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall the 10 th Day of May 
Anno Domini 1785 10. O'Clock before Noon 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Howard 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

That part of the Constitution or form of Government which 
relates to the Choice of Representatives - - - - read 

Sundry Laws to be read at said Meeting were accordingly 
- read - 

[42O.] The Town having determined to choose seven Persons 
to represent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to be 
held at the State House at Boston upon the last Wednesday of 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 69 

May Current Agreeable to the Constitution or Frame of Govern- 
ment for the Massachusetts The Inhabitants were directed to 
withdraw and bring in their Votes for Seven Representatives, 
& then it was declared by the Selectmen that no Votes should be 
received but such as ware unfolded, and that they propose that 
the Poll should be closed at 12 O'Clock the Assessors were 
requested to stand at the Door while the Inhabitants were giving 
in their Votes 

On a Motion Voted, that all those Persons who Vote for 'Rep- 
resentatives shall in their giving in their respective Votes, enter 
into the Hall, and there remaine untill the Poll is closed 

The Votes being brought in for Seven Representatives, the 
number of the same were found to be 502 And upon sorting 
them it Appeared that [421.] only the Six following Gentelmen 
were chosen by a Majority of Votes Viz 1 : 

Votes 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . 315 

3 Hon ble . Allen Otis Esq r . - 502 

2 Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . 333 

Thomas Daws Ksq r . 502 

Samuel Brick Esq r . - 502 

Hon ble : Benjamin Austin Esq r . 277 

On a Motion Voted, that 3. O'Clock Afternoon be Assigned 
for the choice of Another Representative The Poll to be closed 
at 4 O Clock 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P : M : 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for one Representative The Votes being brought in and 
sorted the Number was found to be 394 And that no one of the 
Persons Voted for had a Majority of said Votes 

The Inhabitants as directed, again withdrew and brought in 
their Votes for a Representative the Number of Votes 429 
and upon sorting them it Appeared that there was no choice 

[422.] The Inhabitants withdrew again as directed, and the 
Votes being brought in the Number was found to be 484 and 
upon sorting the Votes-it appeared that 

Benjamin Hitchborn Esq r : 
was chosen by a Majority of Votes 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen, it was moved that a Moderator be chosen to transact 
the other Business mentioned in the Warrant 



70 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting the Votes being brought 
in and sorted it appeared that 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
was chosen 

The Committee to Audit the Accompts of the Town Treasurer 
gave in the following Report 

That the Treasurers Books are well kept, his Acco te : well 
Vouched and the Appropriations made last year has been At- 
tended to 

By the Report of the Committee last year the Debts then due 
from the Town Amounted to 17340. since which time, [423.] 
They have been reduced About 1750 had the Collectors paid in 
all the Taxes that have been granted those Debts would have 
been reduced to 8825 

The Tax granted last year was 10,500 this with the Premium 
for Collecting has been expended in the year as Appears by the 
Selectmen & Overseers Drafts Viz*. 

For School Masters Salarys 1781 ,, 10 ,, - 

Repairs of the Schools - 77, ,6, ,10 

Visitation of - - D ------- 49 ,, 14 ,, 4 

Watchmen - 652 ,, 11 ,, 5 

Lamps Oyl &c 320 ,, 6 ,, 5 

Town Dock 363 ,, 6 ,, 7 

Gravel & Labour on Neck 100 ,, 7 ,, 10 

Common & Beacon Hill -------- 168, ,5, ,2 

Pay to the Assessors - --- 586 ,, 17 ,, 

Premium to Collectors -------- 381 ,, 15 ,, 1 

Treasurer & Town Clark - 300 ,, - 

Nazro's Salary - 50,, 

Hay Market - 75,, 13 

Engines 10 ,, 11 ,, 7 

Paving 168 ,, 13 ,, 7 

Printers Acco*. & Stationary - 101,, 3,, 3 

Repairs of Burying Places 62, ,11, ,3 

Ditto of Estate by Concert Hall 80 16 11 

Lumber of Samuel May -------- 80, ,4, ,8 

State Account 22,, 11,, 4 

Contingencies ----------- 738 ,, 5 ,, 6 



Am , of the Selectmens Drafts 6172 ,, 11 ,, 9 

The Overseers Drafts for the Support of the ") _.. _ , 

-r> f ' * '48 j) 1 * 

Poor ----- j 

8917 ,, 19 ,, 1 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 71 

[424.] The whole of these Drafts have been paid by the 
Treasurer, except 1024 ,, 11 ,, 4 which Sum is in the Estimate 
of the Debts now due from the Town most of the Money rec d : 
on the last Tax has been paid by Mess r8 : Bayley & Thompson 
had the Other Collectors Mess rs : Williams & Parker paid in the 
same proportion, the whole of those drafts would have been 
paid 

The Debts that Appear to be now due from the Town (exclusive 
of the Demands from the State & some small Debts, which the 
Treasurer will be Able to discharge from those due to the Town 
are as follows Viz 1 . 

Notes for Money borrowed before the Year 

1775 1427 ,, 16 ,, 4 

Notes of Money borrowed since ----- 9647 ., 6 ,, 4 
Due to Sundry Creditors before and since ) inQQ ' 

1775 __-___--_...(" J8y " 18 " 

Unpaid of the Selectmen & Overseers } 

T^ Ct. 1-70 A C 1024 ,, 11 ,, 4 

Drafts ml/ 84 j 

Interest due on the Above Debts 2400 ,, 7 ,, 9 

suppose .-.- 



15590 



besides these Debts there Appears to be due to a Number of 
Persons for Paper Money borrowed, the Amount of which can- 
not be Ascertained as no Application has been made for Payment 
nor any date when received 



[425.] To discharge the Above Debts there Appears to be 
due from the several Collectors the following Sums Viz 1 : 

From Francis Shaw Esq r 334 ,, 2 6 

James Thompson Tax 1783 560 19 9\ 4ne 1Q 

= deduct 152 6/ Premium j *' 

Thomas Bayley d- 402 17 ., 2- -299,, 7 103 10 3 

Benjamin Sumner d- 255 5 4 - - 181 ,, 10 73 ,, 15 ,, 4 

Daniel Parker d- 93 9 10 93,, 9 10 

Alexander Thomas 439 ,, 13 7 - - - 163 16 9 275 16 10 

1289 8 6 

due on the last Town Tax 1784 viz 4 - 

From Thomas Bayley 1050 ,, 19 ,, 10 

James Thompson 1318 ,, 14 ,, 5 

Cha"- Williams 2167 6 " 

Dan 1 - Parker 2259 18 ,, 3 



6796 " 18 6 
deduct for Abatements ------ 1323 



5473 18 6 

Due from the State Treasurer for the Support of ) ~ RAA - fi 

their Poor \ l " 5 " * 

9407 13 ,, 8 



72 CITY DOCUMENT. 

These Sums together with the Rent of the Market and Other 
Buildings belonging to the Town, & Bills of New Emission re- 
maining in the Treasurey Amounting to 3047 ,, 81 if Sold to 
be Appropriated to pay the Interest and principle of the Towns 
Debts The Charges of the Year ensuing to be paid out of the 
Tax to be raised for that purpose, but as Money cannot be pro- 
cured in time [426.] to pay the immediate demands of the Over- 
seers, the Watch and the School Masters Salarys the Treasurer 
may be Allowed to pay the drafts on these Accounts out of the 
first Money he receives & to replace the Same out of the Money 
received on the Tax now to be levied. 

Besides the Above Sums due from the present Collectors, there 
Appears to be due from former Collectors, and others, not 
brought into the Above Estimate as premiums may be due to 
some of them, but these Accounts Ought to be immediately 
settled Viz*. 
From the Estate of John Ruddock Esq r . a ball ce : - 

Faneuil Hall Lotterys 50 ,, 19 ,, 9 

Abraham Savage on a / c of Tax for 1773- 529 ,, 2 ,,' 3 

Benf: Grays Estate D. D. 347 ,, 11 ,, 

Benj a : Cudworth for Taxes since y e . time 31 ,, 11 ,, 9 



<t9o9 ,, o , , LI 

It Appears by the Treasurers Books that several Sums have been 
paid out of the Treasurey in 1779. 1780. & 1781 viz*, to M r . 
Rowe & Others a Committee for purchasing Grain ; To Col : 
Symmes ftfr Mileage. To Col. Crafts for Ditto & those Accounts 
still remain unsettled in the Treasurers Books the two last were 
to be reimbursed by the State, but it does not Appear that the 
Town have been paid 

[427.] The Rents of the Market the last year has not been 
'received by the Treasurer 

The Board of War have made a Demand on the Town for About 
2500 the greatest part of which is for Arms &c. delivered to 
the Officers of Militia, & by them to the Men; some of them 
have been returned to the Selectmen, & some are Missing, but 
none of them have been returned to the Board of War if Money 
can immediately be procured, these Arms can now be purchased 
on such Terms as would save the Town upwards of 1000 It 
likewise Appears by Treasurer Iver's Account that there remained 
due to the State on the 16 th of March from the Several Collectors 
as follows Viz* : 
From Abraham Savage on the Tax for Tax ) ,,,, . 

in 1773 ! j 64,,!.,, 3 

Benf: Cudworth d. 1778 - - - 681,, 4 ,, 10 

Eight Men deficient on Class Tax @ 74 ,, 592, ,13,, 4 

1338 ,, 15 ,, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 



73 



Daniel Parker Continental Tax N. 2 - - - - 1090 ,, 2 ,, 2 
B. Sumner on Commonwealth Tax N. 3 - - - 633 ,, 15 ,, 2 
Alex r . Thomas on Ditto - - - D. - - - 504 ,, 2 ,, 2 

2227 ,, 19 ,, 4 
3566 ,, 14 ,, 9 

As the Town is Oblidged to make good all Arrages due to the 
State in case the Collectors fails And are now paying Interest on 
the Sums they Owe your Committee are of Opinion that effec- 
tual Measures should be immediately taken to Oblidge [428.] 
The Collectors, & all other Indebted to the Town to pay their 
respective Ballances 

The whole of the Tax granted last Year has been expended for 
Charges incurred in the Year the same Sum will be necessary for 
the Service of the Ensuing Year, if the Selectmen can make any 
saving the Overplus to be Appropriated to pay the Towns Debts 

Amount of Arreages due from y e . Collectors Vizt : 
From Abraham Savage on the Tax for 



Town Treasurer 


State Treas r - 


Total 


Tax 


in 1773 - - 


529 , 2 ,, 


3 


64,, 


17,, 


3 


593 


,, 


19 


,,11 


Benj a : 


Cudworth - 


- 31, 


11,, 


9 


681,, 


4,, 


10 


712 


,, 


16 


7 


Benj a : 


Gray 


-347, 


11 


347 


,, 


11 





Benj a : 


Sumner - - 


- 73, 


15,, 


4 


633,, 


15,, 


2 


707 


,, 


10 


6 


Alex r : 


Thomas - - 


-275, 


16,, 


10 


504,, 


2,, 


2 


779 


,, 


1 ( . 





Daniel 


Parker 


2028, ,18,, 


4 


1090,, 


2,, 


2 


3119 












On the 


Class Tax 


- 


- 


592,, 


13,, 


4 


592 


j 


13 


. 4 



3566, ,14,, 9 

Char 18 : Williams - 1842 16 ,, on last Tax 1842 ,, 16 ,, - 
James Thompson - 408, ,13,, 9&994,, 4,, 5 1402, ,18,, 2 
Thomas Bayley - - 103 ,, 10 2 &726 . 9 ,, 10 - 830. 



10929,, 4,, 9 

Upwards of 1300 of these Arrages are already lost to the 
Town as neither the Collectors nor their Bondsmen are able to 
make Payment & more may be lost if not speedilly Attende to 

Edward Payne ^ Order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered 

[429.] Voted, unanimously, that the Report be Accepted, 
and that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to said 
Committee for their good services therein 

Moved & Voted, that 

John Gardiner Esq r . 
Samuel Brick Esq r . 
Benjamin Hitchborn Esq r . 



74 CITY DOCUMENT. 

be a Committee to consider this Report and to Report to the 
Town what is expedient to be done thereon 

Adjourned to Thursday next 3. O'Clock Afternoon 

Thursday the 12 th Day of May 1785 3' OClock P : M : Met 
according to Adjournment 

The Petition of Nathaniel Cobbit read and after debate it was 
moved & Voted that he have leave to withdraw his Petition 

The Petition of Cap* : John Ballard was read, also the Report 
of the Committee relative to Faneuil Hall Market and after 
debate had thereon it was moved & Voted, that the Petitioner 
have leave to withdraw his Petition 

The Petition of a Number of the Inhabitants relative to the 
North Chocolate Mills read, whereupon 

[43O.] Voted, that Samuel Barret Esq r . 

Thomas Daws Jun r . Esq r . 
M r . John R. Sigorney 

be a Committee to consider this Petition and to Report at the 
Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. Whether the Town will make 
provision for the Building one or more Schools for the further 
Accommondation of youth " was read, whereupon 

Voted, that John Lucas Esq r . 

John Switcher Esq r . 

Perez Morton Esq r . 

Christ 1 . Gore Esq r . 

M r . Edward Tuckerman 

be a Committee to consider the Articles and to report as soon as 
may be 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. What Measures shall be 
taken relative to the North Battery." read and considered, where- 
upon 

Voted, that the Gentelmen the Selectmen be and hereby are 
Authorised and impowered to make Sale of the North Battery 
with the Lands & Flats Adjoining for the most the same will 
fetch with this restriction that the Materials be not removed off 
the Land 

[431.] On a Motion Voted, that 
D r . Charles Jarvis 
Samuel Barret Esq r . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 75 

John C Jones 

William Tudor Esq r . 

Thomas Daws Jun r . Esq r . 

be a Committee to prepare Instructions for the Gentelmen who 
Represent this Town in the General Court the present Year to 
make Report at the Adjournment of 

The Petition relative to Fire Office Insurance Company was 
referred to the Gentelmen Fire Wards for the present year, for 
their consideration to Report as soon as may be 

The Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . having declined serving as a 
Fire Ward on a Motion 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby are given 
him for his faithfull & Judicial services as a Fire Ward a number 
of Years past 

The Committee relative to the South Battery Report as fol- 
lows Viz*. 

The Committee Appoint'd in August last ' ' to consider what 
Measures the Town will take respecting their Land [432.] on 
which the South Battery stands and the Land Adjacent " beg 
leave, to Report 

That they have Attended the business Assigned them have 
heard the Plea of the Hon ble : Oliver Wendell Esq r . respecting 
bis Title to the Land on which said Battery stands have ex- 
amined the Records of the Town & the Report of Committees 
relative to said Lands, and Advise that the Town give a Quit 
Claim Deed to the Hon ble ; Oliver Wendell Esq r . of the Land on 
which the Spermaictia Works stand, and the Wharf & Flats 
property belonging to the same in the Judgement of the Select- 
men, on Condition that the said Oliver Wendell Esq r : relinquish 
to the Town all the Right & Title which he supposes he has to 
every other part of said South Battery. The Committee also 
Advise that the Town impower the Selectmen to sell at public 
Auction or at private Sale the remaining part of said Lands Viz 1 : 
All the Land between said Spermacite Works & M r . Rows 
Wharff with all priviledges and Appurtenances belonging to the 
same. also all the Land Adjacent belonging to the Town and 
to give good and Sufficient Deeds to the Purchaser in the Name 
and behalf of the Town 

[433.] Caleb Davis 

J Henshaw 
major part of the Committee 

The aforegoing Report having been read and considered, the 
Question was put Viz 1 . Whether this Report shall be Accepted 
Passed in the Affermative 



76 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Adjourned to Thursday next being the 19 th of May Ins*: 3. 

O'Clock P: Mi- 
Thursday the 19 th Day of May 1785 3. O'Clock P: M: Met 

According to Adjournment 

The Selectmen having Acquainted the Inhabitants that Joseph 
Barrel Esq r : had generously given the Town a Deed of a Piece 
of Land of twelve feet six Inches leading from Dock Square to 
the Rev d . M r : Thatchers Church 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to unto Joseph Barrel Esq r . for said Donation, whereby a narrow 
tho.' much frequented Passage way will be inlearged to the better 
accommodation and safety of the Inhabitants 

The Committee to prepare Instruction for the Gentelmen who 
Represent this Town in the G-eneral Court, Reported a Draught, 
[434.] which being read & considered Perageraph two was 
amended and accepted by the Town 

To Hon ble : John Hancock Esq r . Hon ble : Samuel Allyne Otis 
Esq r : Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r : Thomas Daws Esq r : Samuel 
Brick Esq r . Hon ble : Benjamin Austin Esq r : Benjamin Hitchborn 
Esq r . 

Gentelmen. 

It is not from any distrust either 

of your Zeal or Abilities that we have thought proper to give you 
our Instructions on some of the many important Objects which 
must arrest your Attention in the Approaching Assembly of the 
State ; on the Other hand we are fully persuaded that no Exer- 
tions on your part will be wanting to promote the true Interest of 
this Town, as well as that of the Community at large, but at so 
important a period we wish to Afford you our suport and Assist- 
ance under the thorough conviction that nothing short of our, 
united Effects, can perfict or secure the Blessings of Peace & 
Independance 

During the Danger & Calamites of War we were led naturally 
to expect that the return of Peace would have brought with it 
Prosperity as well as Safety Depending on this, too much has 
been left to the uncertainty [435.] of Chance, where the Wis- 
dom of the Laws or the Obligations of Treaty, might have been 
Applied with Advantage. To this unfortunate Defect of Sys- 
tem in the Public Conduct it has been owing, that the greatest 
part of our circulating Medium has been exchanged for British 
Luxuries, that our Trade has been so unequal, and unproductive, 
& that most of the means of remittance wether directe, or cir- 
cuitous have been cloged by Alien Taxes, & Restrictions, or else 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 77 

totally excluded in foreign Ports : And in Addition to this 
ruinous situation, we find the Agents and Factors of British Mer- 
chants Assidiously gleaning the Remains of our Money & thret- 
ining a Monopely of the whole Trade Thus between the Artifice 
of Forreign Individuals, & the Policy of their Government are our 
Citizens impoverished & the Country most essentiallv injured 

If these were the Only Difficulties that Demanded your Atten- 
tion, our Complaints would be less Urgent, but our Carrying 
Trade that great Nursary of Seamen and one of the Principle 
Sources of National Strength & Opulence is menaced with An- 
nihilation ; With ample Internal resources & place it on a respect- 
able [436.] Footing. We have with the most passive Indeferance 
seen the Ships of Other Countrys but of the British in particular 
crowding our Ports with all the Advantages of our own, at the 
same time that the Navigation of these States is in their Har- 
bours either restrained, or subjected to the Several Exactions. 

As the Encouragement & Protection of our Fisheries are Ob- 
jects of primary Concern, we are Alarmed at finding the Indus- 
trious & hardy Seamen of this Commonwealth decoyed into 
British service and contributing to errect a rival Establishment 
on the Ruin of our Wale Fishery 

We most earnestly wish to see the internal Trade of these 
Several States in the Union fixed and confirmed on principles of 
the most perfect equality by such Policy, one great Cause of 
Jealousy and Dissention will be removed ; and it is under God 
on the Harmoney & Coincidence of the several parts of our Con- 
federacy that the general Happiness and Security must depend 

In a Country where the real Wants of the Inhabitants may be 
generally supplied by their own Industry we are Anxious to turn 
the Attention of Government to the encouragement of Agriculture 
and to the present reduced and declining State of many of our 
[437.] Manufactures; the relief & Protection of which are 
Objects of the most extensive Utility 

The State of Public Credit on every principal demands the 
Closest Application ; When an Appropriated Revenue derived from 
the Commodities & Luxuries of other Countries might have pre- 
served & perpetuated our National Faith, a total neglect of this 
Salutary expedient has already been productive of Injury & Dis- 
honour to the Government & of Distress & Oppression to the 
Public Creditors ; Policy as well as Justice then unite to dem- 
onstrate necesity of some permanent & National Establishment 
on this important Subject When thus engaged Gentelmen you 
cannot fail to recollect that as Economy in our private Expendi- 
tures is one of the Cardinal Virtues of a Repiiblic, the Prevalence 
of Luxury & Dissipation should be watched throughout the Com- 



78 CITY DOCUMENT. 

monwealth & by progressive Excises be rendred tributary to the 
State - 

But Gentelmen while we recomend these Circumstances to your 
Consideration, and while we contemplate some of the numerous 
Difficulties of our present situation, we look in vain for a [438.] 
Power in the Government Adequate to their removal ; For it is 
Politically impossible, from our different views and local Attach- 
ments that there should be either concert or Decision on great 
National Questions, as the measures of any Single State will 
probably be opposed & defeated by those of its Neighbours till 
at length the Fabric of our Confederacy by internal Dissention, 
may be convulsed and subverted 

To correct these Evils and to Add Dignity & Efficiency to the 
Federal Government your Constituents are anxiously Solicitous 
to see the Congress invested with Power competent to our com- 
mon necessities, to the Regulation of our Commerce and to the 
Adjustment and discharge of the Public Debt, and in order to 
this we enjoin upon you to exert your utmost influence with the 
Legislature to request the Suprem Executive, to open a Corres- 
pondence with the Supreme Executive of the Other States to 
concert the means of National Unanimity & exertion for it is 
from their Influence that we have derived our freedom, & it is to 
them alone that we must be indebted for the improvement and 
Extention of its Blessings 

The Committee to consider the Report of the Committee to 
Audit Town [439.] Treasurers Accounts Reported and After 
some consideration of said Report, it was recommitted for Amend- 
ments 

Adjourned to Monday next 3 ' O : Clock Afternoon 

Monday 23 d of May 3 'OClock P : M : Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Inhabitants as directed brought in their Votes for one 
Fir Ward, and upon sorting them it Appeared, that 

Col : John May 
was chosen a Fire Ward for the year ensuing 

The Committee to whom was referred the consideration of the 
Petition of a Number of Gentelmen for being Incorporated as a 
Fire Insurance having met several times and considered said 
Proposal Give it as their Opinion, that it will not be for the 
Advantage of the Town, that such an Institution should be 
established 

William Cooper f) Order 

The aforegoing Report having been read & considered the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 79 

Question was put ' ' "Whether the same shall be accepted ' ' 
Passed in the Affirmative 

[44O.] The Committee Appointed the 12 th Inst 1 : to take 
into consideration the expediency of erecting one or more new 
Schools Report 

They have Attended that Business and in order to obtain the 
best information they on Tuesday last made a visit to the several 
Schools in Town, and find as follows 

Present more 

At M r . Vinals - - - - -119 will Accomodate - - - 81 
At M r . Cheneys 81 - - ditto 19 

100 

Master Carters . - - - -150-- full 
M r . Tileston 150 wants room for 18 

82 

Visited M r . Hunts School - - 52 will contain 100 

Master Davis - - - 12 ditto - - - - 100 

Upon the whole your Committee are of Opinion from the best 
information they can obtain that the present "Writing Schools 
taken Collectively, will Admit of 80 more Scholars and that it is 
not necessary for the Town to erect any more Schools at present 
all which is submitted 

John Lucas ^ Order 

The foregoing Report, having been read & considered your 
Committee think it necessary that no Children be Admitted to a 
Writing School under 7 years of Age, and that the Selectmen be 
requested to give such Instructions to the Masters and that they 
Govern themselves accordingly [441.] The Question was 
put Whether the same shall be Accepted Passed in the 
Affirmative 

The Committee on the Petition of Sundry Inhabitants respect- 
ing the Danger to which the Town is exposed by the several 
Chocolate Mills Erected within the same, beg leave on careful 
Examination thereof to Report the following Vote for their con- 
sideration Viz*. 

Whereas a certain Act made & passed in the 4 th Year of the 
Reign of William <fc Mary, intittled and Act for Building with 
Brick or Stone in the Town of Boston & for preventing Fire ' ' 
and an Act in Addition thereto, made & passed in the 11 th 
Year of the same Reign have been found ineffectual to the Sal- 
utary purposes thereof inasmuch as Wooden Chocolate Mills 
have notwithstanding been, erected with Machines for resting 
Cocoa, under Circumstances hazardous to the Dwellings and 



80 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Persons of the Inhabitants, and Fires, have in fact more than 
once happened thereby Therefore the Town taking the Prem- 
isses into consideration Agree, and it is accordingly Voted, 
That the Selectmen prevent [present ?] on behalf of the Town a 
Petition to the General Court at their next Session praying for 
leave to bring in a Bill for preventing under [4:42.] sufficient 
penalty, such use of the said Buildings & Machines in the Neigh- 
bourhood of other Buildings, and directing also under penalty 
such Buildings & Machines to be constructed, if erected in such 
a manner & with Brick & Stones as to prevent the Danger inci- 
dent to their present situation & Construction all which is 
humbly submitted 

Samuel Barret ^ Order 

The foregoing Vote having been read & considered the 
Question was put Whether the same be Accepted Passed in 
the Affirmative 

The Committee relative to Fire Wood, Reported which Report 
being read; it was Moved & Voted that the same be recom- 
mitted, & the Committee are requested to make enquirey whether 
there is not a law or Laws still in force for the purpose mentioned 
in said Report 

Voted, that John Lucas Esq r . 

Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . excus'd 

Cap*. Amasa Davis 

John Swatser Esq r . 

John C Jones Esq r . 

Thomas Dawes Ju r . Esq r . 

be a Committee to consider what Salaries shall be Allowed the 
School Masters & other [443.] Servants of the Town, and the 
Sum Necessary to be raised by the Town to defrey the Charges 
of the present Year & Report at the Adjournment 

On a Motion Voted, that 

William Storey Esq r . 

M r . Samuel Deming 

M r . John Vinal 

be a Committee to consider and Report what is necessary to be 
done relative to the Dogs in this Town, and to Report at the 
Adjournment 

Adjourned to Thursday the 2 of June 3. OClock Afternoon 

Thursday the 2 d of June 1785 3. O Clock P: M: Met Ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

Col. Daws the Moderator not being Able to attend 

William Tudor Esq r . 
was chosen by a Hand Vote, Moderator Pro. Tern. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 81 

The Committee Appointed by the Town at their last Meeting 
on the 10^ of this present Month May " to consider the Report 
of the Committee Appointed to Audit the Accompts of the Town 
Treasurer and to Report to the Town what is expedient to be 
done thereon " have duly and Carefully Attended to that Business, 
& accordingly now Report 

[444.] That they fully Approve of the perspicuous and 
Judicious Report of that Committee of Auditors, and conceive 
the same to be so important and interesting to the Town that 
material Advantage may result from having the same faithfully 
entered at large upon the Towns Books as a Memorial of the 
present Town Debts, and how the same has Arisen, and to which 
recourse may be had hereafter, if occasion should so require; 
wherefore your Committee beg leave to recomend, that the 
same may be ordered so to be entered 

That it Appears from such Report of those Auditors, that all 
the Town Collectors of the Taxes excepting James Thompson 
and Thomas Bayley are Deafulters, and that. two of such Col- 
lectors are greatly in Arrears to the Town, one of them about 
3000, the other above 1800, and that three Others of such Col- 
lectors are respectively Defaulters to the Town for several Sums 
none of which are so small as seven hundred pounds. 

That they Agree with the Auditors aforesaid that the Accounts 
with the Estate of the late John Ruddock Esq r . deceased, and 
with the several other Persons and Estates specified in the report 
of such your Auditor's the several ballances of which is stated in 
such their [445.] Report make up in the Aggregate the Sum of 
959 ,, 5 ,, 2 ought to be immediately settled and closed, the 
same in the Opinion of this Committee having been too long left 
Open 

That they submit to the Consideration of the Town, whether a 
Committee for settling and closing the same forthwith ought -not 
be chosen and invested with full power for that purpose, and that 
the Treasurer be directed to sue for and recover the several Bal- 
lances which upon final settlement may Appear to be due to the 
Town, in case the same cannot without delay, be called in and 
received in some easier and less expensive mode, And that such 
Committee do duly report their proceedings therein to the Town 
at such time or tunes as the Town shall see fit to order and 
direct 

That the same Committee be also impowered to call upon John 
Rowe Esq r . and the Other members of the Committee Appointed 
for purchasing Grain in 1779. in 1780 and in 1781 and who 
are particularly, Named in such the report of your Auditors, and 
they Adjust and settle those Accounts likewise with all convenient 



82 CITY DOCUMENT. 

speed, and report their doings thereon also to the Town at such 
time or times as the Town shall order or Appoint for that pur- 
pose 

[446.] That as it Appears from the aforesaid Report of 
your Auditors of the Accounts of your Town Treasurer all your 
Collectors of Taxes (excepting James Thompson and Thomas 
Bayley) are greatly in Arrears, and that two of them in particu- 
lar are defaulters for very Large Sums. It is submitted by your 
Committee whether the Town Treasurer should not be ordered 
immediatley to Isue Executions against all the Delequents to 
compel payment without delay of all arrears except the last Tax, 
for the collecting of which never, the less, only Six Months from 
this day shall be allowed, at the expiration of which Period, if 
the same be not then duly Accounted for to the Town Treasurer, 
that he be directed, to issue Executions against all such as then 
shall be found in default in order to ease the Inhabitants from 
paying two Taxes instead of one- 

J. Gardiner *$ Order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered, the 
Question was put Viz*. Whether the Report be Accepted 
Passed in the Affirmative Also Voted, 

That the Selectmen be a Committee to settle the Accounts, & 

other Matters recommended in the proceeding Report 

* 

[447.] The Committee Appointed to consider of the danger 
the People at large are continually exposed to, by the large num- 
ber of Dogs, going at large in this Town, have attended that ser- 
vice And as many Persons, not only in the Town, but in other 
parts of this Commonwealth, have been bit by that Animal, and 
some have lost their lives, & others in great Danger therefore 
your Committee apprehend it of great consequence to the People, 
at large that some effectual method be taken to prevent, the grow- 
ing evil complained of 

Your Committee do therefore propose to the Inhabitants that 
they would give Instructions to their Committee now revising the 
By Laws of this Town to Frame a Law respecting Dogs that are 
or may be among us 

W m : Storey f Order 

The aforegoing Report as amended in this Meeting was ac- 
cepted by the Town 

Moved and Voted, that 

John Gardner 
Thomas Daws Jun r . Esq r . 
be added to the Committee for revising the By Laws, and that 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 83 

said Committee be desired to Report a Law relative to Dogs as 
soon as may be 

[448.] The Report of the Committee relative to Salaries 
&c referred over to the Adjournment for consideration and 
the Town Clerk is to Notify in the News Papers that all Money 
Matters are then to be Acted upon 

Adjourned to Thursday the 9th of June Ins*. 3. O'Clock P : M : 
then to Meet at Faneuil Hall 

Thursday the 9 th . Day of June 3'OClock in the Afternoon met 
according to Adjournment 

The Committee for revising the By Laws are desired to Report 
one relative to Dogs at the General Town Meeting also 

Moved & Voted, that 

D r . Charles Jarvis 
D r . John Warren 
be Added to said Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The Report of the Committee relative to Salaries and the Sum 
necessary to be raised for the service of the present Year 
again read and considered and the Question put Whether said 
Report be Accepted Passed in the Negative 

[449.] Voted, that the Sum of two hundred & thirty 
Pounds be allowed & paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary 
as Master of the South Grammer School the present year the 
same to commence from the first of March last and to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due 

Voted, that the Sum of two hundred & thirty Pounds be Al- 
lowed and paid unto M r : Nathan Davis for his Salary as Master 
of the North Grammer School the present year, the same to be 
paid him Quarterly as it shall become due and to commence from 
the first of March last 

Voted, that the Sum of two hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . John Tyleston for his Salary as Master of the 
North Writing School the present Year, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due and to commence from the first 
of March last 

Voted, that the Sum of two hundred Pounds be Allowed and 
paid unto M r . James Carter for his Salary as Master of the Writ- 
ing School in Queen Street the present year the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due & to commence from the 
first of March last 



84 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[45O.] Voted, that the Sum of two hundred Pounds be al- 
lowed & paid unto M r . John Vinal for his Salary as Master of 
the "Writing School in the Common the present year, the same to 
be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence 
from the first of March last 

Voted, that the Sum of two hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Samuel Cheney for his Salary as Master of the 
Southermost Writing School the present Year, the same to be 
paid him Quarterly as it shall become due and to commence from 
the first of March last 

Voted, that M r . John Tileston Master of the North Writing 
School be allow 'd for House Rent the present year the Sum of 
Forty Pounds the Same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall be- 
come due and to commence from the first of March last 

Voted, that M r . Nathan Davis Master of the North Grammer 
School be allowed for House Rent the present Year the Sum of 
Forty Pounds the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall be- 
come due, and to commence from the first of March last 

[451.] Voted, that M r . John Vinal Master of the Writing 
School in the Common be allowed for House Rent the present 
year the Sum of Forty Pounds the same to be paid him Quarterly 
as it shall become due and to commence from the first of March 
last 

Voted, that M r . Samuel Cheney Master of the Writing School 
in Plasant Street be allowed for House Rent the present Year 
the Sum of Forty Pounds, the same to be paid him Quarterly as 
it shall become due, and to commence from the first of March 
last 

Voted, that M r . Peter Boyer be allowed & paid the Sum of One 
hundred & fifty Pounds for his services as Treasurer the present 
Year the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, 
and to commence from the first of March last 

Voted, that William Cooper be allowed and paid the Sum of 
One hundred & fifty Pounds for his services in that office as Town 
Clerk, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due 
and to commence from the first of March last 

[452.] Voted, that the Selectmen be requested to provide 
Ushers for the publick Schools where they shall think necessary, 
and to allow Adequate Salaries therefor, not exceeding one half 
of what the Several Masters have Already had Voted them 

Voted, that the Sum of one Shilling and Six pence ^ Day be 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 85 

allowed by the Selectmen to the Assessors in Addition to the Seven 
Shillings & Six Pence, Voted, for them in March last for their 
Services the present Year 

Voted, that the Sum of Ten Thousand Pounds be raised by a 
Tax to be Assessed on the Poles and Estates of the Inhabitants 
of this Town to defray the Charges of the Year ensuing 

Voted, that all Matters & Things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be referred over to the Next General Meeting that 
may be called then to be Acted upon 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 



[453.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in 
Publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 
the 4 th Day of July Anno Domini 1785 10 O : Clock in the 
Forenoon 

"Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants having brought in their Votes for a Moder- 
ator as directed by the Selectmen and the same having been 
sorted, it appeared that 

The Hon ble : John Hancock Esq r : was chosen Moderator of 
this Meeting unanimously 

The Committee Appointed by the Town the 5 th . of July last to 
Apply to a Proper Gentelman to deliver an Oration on the 4 of 
July Instant (in such place as the Town shall determine to be 
most convenient for the purpose) it being a Day ever Memorable 
in the Annals of this Country for the Declaration of our Inde- 
pendance 

Reported, 

That they had made choice of John Gardiner Esq r . to deliver 
an Oration on the 4 th of July Instant, who had accordingly Ac- 
cepted of that service 

The Town having taken into consideration when and where, 
would be the best time & place to have the Oration pronounced 

Voted, that the Oration be delivered at the Chappel at 12 
O'Clock leave having been Obtained therefor 

[454.] Voted, that John Brown Esq r . 
John Andrews 
William Cunningham 



86 CITY DOCUMENT. 

be a Committee to waite on John Gardiner Esq r : & Acquaint 
him that it is the desire of the Town, that the Oration may be 
delivered at the Chappel at 12. O. Clock 

Then the Meeting was Adjourned to 12. OClock, then to Meet 
at the Chappel 

12 O. Clock Met at the Chappel according to Adjournment 

AN ORATION 

To commemorate the Independance of the United States of 
America, was delivered by John Gardiner Esq r : at the Stone 
Chappel Church to a large & crowded Assembly 

On a Motion Voted, that the 

Selectmen 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to wait on John Gard- 
iner Esq r : and in the Name of the Town to thank him for the 
learned & elegant Oration this Day delivered by him at the 
request of the Town upon the Anniversary of the Independance 
of United States of America in which according to the Intention 
of the Town, he considered the feelings Manners and principles 
which lead to that great National Event And to request of him 
a Copy thereof for the Press 

On a Motion Voted, that the 

Gentelmen the Selectmen 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Apply to some one 
Learned and Able Gentelman to deliver an Oration on the 4 th of 
July 1786. that Day being the Anniversary of the INDEPENDANCE 
of the United States of America, wherein the Orator is to con- 
sider [455.] the feelings, Manners, and principles which lead 
to this great National Event as well as the important & happy 
effects whether general or domestic, which have Already and will 
forever continue to flow from that Auspicious Epoch 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the 2 d Day Sep- 
tember Anno Domini 1785 3 O'Clock Afternoon 

Warrant for calling the meeting - - - - read 

Thomas Daws Esq r : 
chosen, Moderator of this Meeting by a Hand Vote 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 87 

The Committee to Revise the By Laws of this Town not being 
ready to Report, it was moved & Voted, that said Committee be 
desired to Attend that Business immediately ; and Report at the 
Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz* : To consider the Applica- 
tion of a Number of the Inhabitants for Widening the Street 
leading from Faneuil Hall to State Street," was read where- 
upon Voted, 

That, M r . William Powell 

M r . Brown 

M r . Miller 

be a Committee to Confer with M r . Wendell & M r . Tisdell rela- 
tive to the Land to be given for the enlargement of the Street & 
to Report immediately 

The Committee to wait on M r : Tisdale gave in his proposals 
in writing, which are as follows. Viz*. 

[456.] Boston September 2^ 1785 This is to Certify that 
I Will engage to give to the Town as much of my Land as to range 
from the North Corner of my Store to the Store belonging to the 
Town now occupied by M r . Henry Prentice ; that is on considera- 
tion M r : Wendell's Store is set back on the same line as is above 
mentioned or in range with M r . Austin's Store 

Judge Wendell Appeared in the Meeting & declared to the 
Inhabitants his rediness to give in for widining the Street, the 
Land allowed for by M r . Scollay, on condition that he receives 
for the same the Sum that three Gentelmen mutually chosen 
shall determine to be reasonable for the Expence of taking down 
& repairing the front Wall of his Store which proposals were 
Approved of and Accepted by the Town 

The Article in the Warrant Viz* : " To consider what improve- 
ment shall be made of the Building on the East End of Market 
Square " was read, and after debate it was 

Voted, that it be left to the Selectmen to make such improve- 
ment of said Building for a Market as they shall Judge to be 
most for the interest of the Town 

The Petition of Benjamin Sumner Jun r . for an abatement of 
Taxes was read & after debate it was moved & Voted, that said 
Petition together with the request of the Collectors be referred to 
the Assessors, for them to Act thereon as they shall Judge 
proper 

The Report of the Committee relative to M r . John Ballard late 
Clerk of Faneuil Market 'was read & considered whereupon 



88 CITY DOCUMENT. 

moved & Voted, that this Report be Accepted [457.] and that 
the same together with the other Papers & M r . Ballard Account 
in the Hands of the Selectmen be referred to them for a final 
Settlement, provided M r . Ballard shall do and perform what the 
Selectmen may Judge necessary on his part for the receving of 
the Market Debts yet ' outstanding 

Moved & Voted, that 

John Sweetser 
Edward Payne Esq r . 

be Added to the Committee to consider what Money is still due 
to David Jeffries Esq r . late Town Treasurer, they to Report at 
the Adjournemenent 

Adjourned To Fryday the 16 th Day of September Inst : 3. 
O'Clock Afternoon 

Fryday the 16 th September 3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to 
Adjournment 

The Committee for revising the By Laws not being ready to 
Report The Town came into the following Vote Viz 1 : 

Whereas it Appears to the Town that the Committee Appointed 
to revise the By Laws of the Town, consist of a Number much 
too large and that the Grentelmen composing said Committee by 
reason of their Publick ingagements in addition to their necessary 
private avocations, will not probably be able to compleat the 
business in any reasonable time [458.] without injury either to 
the Publick or Others therefore 

Voted, That the Members of said Committee be and hereby 
are excused from any further service relative to the said Affair 
also 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed to revise the By Laws 
of the Town, and such Additions or alterations as may be Judged 
proper, the same to be laid before the Town as soon as may be 

Voted, that the Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 
Joseph Greenleaff Esq r . 
Hon ble : James Sullivan Esq r . 
Hon ble : Robert T. Payne Esq r . 

John Gardner Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. " To consider whether Ap- 
plication shall be made to the General Court for their impowering 
Benjamin Henderson to Collect the Outstanding Taxes due to 
Abraham Savage a late Collector " was read whereupon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 89 

Voted, that Application be made to the General Court to im- 
power Benjamin Henderson to Collect the Outstanding Debtes 
committed to M r . Abraham Savage to Collect for the Year 1772 
& 1773, also, 

Voted, that the Selectmen be Authorised and impowered to 
make Application accordingly 

[459.] The present Committee on the late Town Treasurers 
Accompts, are desired to make Report relative to the Sum due to 
him as soon as may be 

That Clause in the Warr* : Viz*. ' ' Whether the Town will en- 
large the Premium to the first Engine at a Fire " was read & 
considered whereupon Voted, that said Premium be enlarged 
from thirteen shillings & 4 d . to twenty shillings lawful Money 

The Petition of M r . Peter Edes "praying an Allowance on 
Paper and Printing the Proceedings of the Merchants Traders & 
Others of the Town of Boston" was considered whereupon 
Voted, that it be left to the Selectmen to make him such Allow- 
ance as for the work done as they shall Judge proper 

Voted, that all Matters & things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be & hereby are referred to the next General Town 
Meeting that may be called, then to be acted upon 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to Thomas Daws Esq r . for his good services as Moderator of this 
Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 



[46O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhab- 
itants of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday 
the 26 th Day of October Anno Domini 1785. 10, O'Clock. A :M : 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants having as directed brought in their Votes for 
a Moderator, it Appeared, that the Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting unanimously 

A Petition, that it might be made a Question, " Whether this 
Town shall be Incorporated with City Priviledges " was read 
and a Motion made for its being dismissed did not Obtain 



90 CITY DOCUMENT. 

It was then moved that a Committee be Appointed to take this 
Petition into consideration And to Report a Plan for the future 
Government of the Town, to be laid before the Town for their 
consideration the Question being put Passed in the Affirma- 
tive 

Voted, that the Hon We : Samuol Adams Esq r . 

D r . Charles Jarvis Esq r . 

John Lucus Esq r . 

Thomas Daws Jun r . Esq r . 

John Gardiner Esq r . 

Joseph Barrell Esq r . 
[461.] William Tudor Esq r . 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P : M : 

3. OClock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

The Petition of Alexander Thomas with the Papers accompany- 
ing it was red whereupon 

Voted, that Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

M r . Alexander Hill 

John Gardiner Esq r . 

be a Committee to take said Petition & Papers under considera- 
tion, and Report to the Town at the Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz* : ' ' To consider whether any 
Measures shall be taken respecting the Granary was read, 
whereupon 

Voted, that Mess : John Andrews 

Thomas Wai ley 

Jeremiah Belknap 

be a Committee to take this matter into consideration, and to 
Report at the Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. 

Whether Lynn Street and Ferry way Street shall be widned" 
was read whereupon moved, and 

Voted, that a Committee be Appointed to take this matter into 
consideration and Report to the Town what is best to be done at 
the Adjournment 

[462.] Voted, that the Gentelmen the Selectmen be a Com- 
mittee for the purpose aforesaid 

Moved & Voted, that the consideration of the Committee ap- 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1785. 91 

pointed to Revise the By Laws be referred untill the Committee 
Appointed in the Forenoon to take into consideration the Report 
of a Number of the Inhabitants, that it might be a Question 
"Whether the Town shall be made a Corporation with City 
Priviledges shall make their Report also 

Voted, that the Committee to make a Revision of the By Laws 
be desired to have a fair Draught taken at the charge of the 
Town 

Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it shall be to this 
Day fortnight being Wednesday the 9 th of November next, 
10' O'Clock A : M : and that the Committee to consider the Report 
of the Inhabitants this Day Appointed be desired to Report at 
the Adjournment 

Then the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Wednesday 10 th . O'Clock A : M : Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Committee Appointed to take into consideration the Peti- 
tion of a Number of the Inhabitants that it may again be made a 
Question, Whether the Town shall be Incorporated with City 
Priviledges Reported 

[463.] That the Committee having repeatedly met and con- 
sidered the said Petition could not agree upon any Plan for the 
future goverment of the Town 

It was moved, & the Question being accordingly put, Whether 
the Report of the Committee to make Revision of the By Laws 
be now read did not obtain 

The Above Question being again put Passed in the Affirmative 

It was then moved & Voted, that a Committee be appointed to 
state the defects in the present Constitution of the Town and to 
Report how far the same may be remedid without having the 
Town Incorporated as a City, & how far and in what manner 
they or any of them may be cured by such Incorporation 

Voted, that the Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 
Hon ble : James Sullivan Esq r . 
William Tudor Esq r . 
D r : Charles Jarvis 
Joseph Barrel Esq r . (excused) 
John Gardiner Esq r . 
Stephen Higginson Esqr. 
Thomas Crafts Esq r . 



92 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . (excused) 
Perez Morton Esq r . 
John Sweetser Esq r . 
Thomas Daws Jun r . Esq r . 
Benj a : Hitchbourn Esq r . 
John Lucas Esq r . 
M r . Joseph Eussell 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

[464.] The Committee Appointed to take into consideration 
the Petition of Alexander Thomas Collector with the Papers Ac- 
companying them Report 

That having met and heard the Petitioners and taking the 
Papers accompanying the same under consideration are of Opinion 
that the Town cannot by Law Liberate the Petitioner from present 
confinement, he standing committed by force of an execution 
issued by the State Treasurer for the Sum of 504 ,, 2/ part 
of the State Tax committed to him to Collect The Committee 
are further of Opinion should the Town interfere in Matters of 
this kind, it might involve them in great difficulties 

The aforegoing Report having been read & considered, the 
Question was put whether the Same shall be Accepted passed 
in the Affirmative 

Adjourned to Wednesday the 30 th of November Ins 4 : 10 
O'Clock A : M : then to meet at this Place 

Wednesday November 30 th 10 O'Clock A:M: Met Ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

The Committee Appointed to State the Defects in the present 
Constitution of the Town, and to report how far the same may be 
remedid without having the Town Incorporated as a City, and 
how far and in what Manner they or any of them may be cured 
by such Incorporation " Reported, that having had three Meet- 
ings & fully considered the Matter contained in their Commis- 
sion, have directed me to Report as follows Viz*: That the 
Committee do not Report any [465.] defects in the present 
Constitution of The Town " whereupon, it was moved & Voted, 
that the consideration of said Report be deferred for 15 Minuetes, 
in expectation that the Meeting will then be fuller 

The Committee to whom was committed the several Reports of 
Other Committees, relative to a settlement of what was due to 
David Jeffries Esq r . for all his past services, have Attended that 
business, and After examining the Reports of the Other Commit- 
tees, & the Accompts settled by the last Committee, and having 
duly considered the same are of Opinion that there is Justly due 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1785. 93 

to David Jeffries Esq r . late Town Treasurer for all his past ser- 
vices, "till the time he resigned, the Sum of Six hundred & 
eighty Pounds 8/4 d Specie, which he ought to have received in 
December 1783, which was the time the last Committee made 
their Report and that the present Treasurer be directed to give 
him Negotiable Notes on Interest for the same 
All which is submitted 
Thomas 

The aforegoing Report having been read & Amended in Meet- 
ing the Question was put. Viz*. Whether the Town Accept of 
said Report thus Amended Passed in the Affermative Mem . 
Interest to commence the 30 th November 1785 

The Report Relative to Incorporation again taken up, and 
After debate had thereon the Question was put Whether the 
Report shall be Accepted Passed in the Affirmative 

On a Motion Voted, that the Petitioners for an Incorporation 
of the Town have leave to withdraw their Petition 

[466.] The Committee to revise the By Laws of the Town 
Reported a Revision after debate it was moved that the same 
be printed passed in the Negative 

Moved and Voted that when this Meeting is Adjourned it shall 
be to Tuesday next being the 6 th of December next 9 O'Clock in 
the Forenoon for the consideration of the By Laws Reported 
and that the reading of said Report commence precisely at 10 
O'Clock 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Tuesday the 6 th Day of December 9 O'Clock, Forenoon, Met 
according to Adjournment 

At 10. O'Clock the reading of the By Laws commenced, and 
several of them having been considered by paragraphs and ap- 
proved of, at 7 O : Clock in the Evening, Adjourned to to Morrow 
Morning 9. O'Clock before noon 

Wednesday the 7 th Day of December 9 O'Clock A : M : Met 
According to Adjournment 

The consideration of the By Laws Again taken up 

It is Voted, and Ordered that the Selectmen be and hereby 
are Instructed [467.] to prepare a By [law] relative to the 
regulation of the Market and Report the same to the Town as 
soon as may be 



94 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Adjourned to 3. O 'Clock in the Afternoon 

3. O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

The By Laws still under consideration 

Adjourned to to Morrow Morning 9 O'Clock 

Tuesday 9 O'Clock, Forenoon met According to Adjournment 

The reading and consideration of the By Laws continued and a 
Number of the Laws approved of as by the Original Draught of 
By Laws will appear 

All the foregoing By Laws having been severally read and 
debated in paragraphs & passed by the Town, ORDERED, that 
the Selectmen together with the Hon ble : T. Payne Esq r . Hon ble . 
James Sullivan Esq r . be a Committee to present them to the 
Court of Quarter Sessions next to be holden at Boston for the 
County of Suffolk in order for their approbation 

It is Ordered that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday 
the 28 th of December Instant at 10 'O'Clock A : M : and that the 
Committee for revising and Amending the By Laws of the Town 
do in the mean time prepare such other Orders or JBy Laics to 
be laid before the Town as are already directed, with [468.] 
such Others as they shall think for their necessary for the future 
good goverment of the Town, & that they Report the same to the 
Town at such Adjourned Meeting and that they cause such 
By Laws as have now passed the Town and have been so altered 
as to require to be recopied fair in their Opinion to be so recopied 
fair in their Opinion & be so recopied at the expence of the 
Town 

And the Meeting was Adjourned accordingly 

Wednesday the 28 th of December 10. O'Clock A : M : Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

The Committee to prepare a New Code of By Laws for the 
good goverment of the Town, Reported, other By Laws, which 
were Accepted by the Town, and the Committee chosen at the 
last Meeting were directed to present them to the Court of Ses- 
sions for their Approbation, as by Attested Copies of said By 
Laws on file will Appear 

Moved & Voted that all Matters & things unfinished at this 
Meeting unfinished at this Meeting be referred over to the next 
General Town Meeting that may be called 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. 95 

[469.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 25 th . 
Day of January A : D : 1786 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Requirement of two Justices of the Peace Quorum Unus 
Hon ble : Joseph Greenleaff & John Brown Esq r : for convening 
the Inhabitants, for the choice of a County Treasurer, in the 
room of David Jeffries Esq r . deceased also, read 

The Hon. ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting by a Hand Vote 

Votes, for a County Treasurer were received and sealed up in 
Town Meeting, and then delivered to M r . Constable Smith, to be 
by him returned to Joseph Greenleaf & John Brown Esq rs : at the 
Court House in Boston on the first Day of February next 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " To Act upon such of the 
By Laws as have not met with the Approbation of the Hon ble : 
the Justices of the Court of General Sessions of the Peace was 
read whereupon Moved & 

Voted, that John Gardiner Esq r . 

Joseph Greenleaff Esq r . 

be a Committee to enquire of Ezekiel Price Esq r . [47O.] Clark 
of the Sessions, which of the By Laws, if any such there be 
which have been presented for their Approbation, have not been 
Approbated by them 

Then the Meeting was Adjourned to Fryday nex 3- O'Clock 
P : M : before which the Town Clark was directed to give to the 
Assessors an Other Attested Copy of a Town Vote relative to 
Benj a : Sumner Ju r . & Other Assessors which passed the 2 d . of 
Septem r . last 

Fryday, 3, O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee to enquire of the Clerk of the Sessions, what 
By Laws had been disapprobated Reported wereupon 

The By Laws relative to Carriages Drawn thro' the Town, 
which was disapproved of by the Sessions, being read and 
amended, the Committee Appointed at a former Meeting, was 
directed to present this Order or By Law as thus amended to the 
Court of Sessions for their Approbation 

The Law relative to Cart & Truck Wheels which had been dis- 
approved, was also read & as amended, the said Comm ee : were 
directed to present it to the Sessions for their Approbation 



96 CITY DOCUMENT. 

It was moved & Voted, that the Committee aforesaid present 
again the Law relative to Strangers, and in case it should be dis- 
approved by the Sessions that the Law now in force be inserted 
in the Codes of Laws ordered to be printed 

[471.] Moved & Voted, that the Committee for revising & 
preparing a Code of By Laws for the Goverment of this Town be 
directed that in case it shall Appear that in case it shall Appear 
that any of the Laws of this Commonwealth or the former By 
Laws of the Town, which they may Apprehend to be Necessary 
for the better goverment of the Town & which they may have 
overlooked be by them inserted in the Code of Laws, which the 
Town have passed, and ordered to be Printed 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

[Pages 472 & 473 are repetitions (in original) of page 470 & 
471.] 

[474.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhab- 
itants of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in 
publick Town Meeting Assembled at Fanuiel Hall on Monday 
the 13 th Day of March Anno Domini 1786 10 OClock Fore- 
noon 

Prayer was made by the Rev d : M r : Stillman 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws for enjoined to be read at this Meeting were ac- 
cordingly read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, and the Same being 
brought and Sorted 

It appeared, that the 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 
was chosen 

William Cooper Esq r . 

was chosen Town Clark for the Year ensuing and took the Oath 
for the faithful discharge of his Duty, which Oath was adminis- 
tered to him by M r . Justice Price 

The Town having determined by a Vote to choose nine Select- 
men the Inhabitants withdrew & were then directed [475.] 
to bring in their Votes for that Number, and the same being 
brought in and sorted ; it Appeared that the following Gentle- 
men Viz*. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. 97 

John Scollay Esq r : 
Ezekiel Price Esq r : 
Harbottle Dorr Esq r : 
John Brown Esq r : 
Cap* : Edward Tyler 
M r . John Andrews 
M r . Moses Grant 
M r . William Cunningham 
Thomas Walley Esq r . 

Moved & Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Gentelmen Who served the Town the last year 
(as Selectmen) for their good and faithful services the last year 
in that Office 

The Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes for a 
Town Treasurer and upon sorting them it appeared, that 

M r : Peter Boyer 
was chosen Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing 

The following Extract from the Will of the late worthy Treas- 
urer David Jeffries Esq r . was handed into the Moderator of the 
Meeting by the [476.] Executor, and being read to the Inhab- 
itants, it was moved & Voted that the same be entered on the 
Records of the Town 

Tfce EXTRACT is as follows Viz* : 

" For as much as the Town of Boston has done me the honor 
of Electing me to the Office of Toimi Treasurer in constant suc- 
cession from the Year of our Lord 1750 to 1781 inclusive, and 
whereas the said Town of Boston have also honored me with 
their suffrages for the Office of Treasurer for the County of Suf- 
folk, since the Year 1778 my Will is and I do Give Divise & 
Bequeath to the said Town of Boston two hundred Acres of my 
Lands, at Kennebeck Viz*. The Lot of Land in Pond Town 
(so called) in the County of Lincoln, being one Mile long and 
one hundred Poles wide, and contains two hundred Acres, more 
or less, and is called Lot No. 39 and was assigned by the 
Kennebeck Proprietors as by their Vote & Grant the 12 th Day of 
December 1770 and their Plan dated June 11 th . 1776 may more 
fully Appear the said Land to be wholly under the directions & 
care of the Overseers of the Poor for the time being, or the Major 
Part of them who are hereby Authorized & impowered to Sell or 
Let the same or otherwise improve the said Land as they shall 
Judge to be most for the benefit of the Town, the Monies or 
Profits, arrising from the Rent or the Interest of the Money or 
or Profits arising from the Sale of said Lands to be applied An- 
nually forever to purchase [447.] Tea Chocolate e# Sugar for 
the refreshment of those Persons who in the Providence of God 



98 CITY DOCUMENT. 

are or shall be reduced & obliged to take shelter in the Alms- 
house after having lived respectably, the Overseers of the Poor 
to be the Judges as to the Persons, but always giving the prefer- 
ence to the Pious Poor " 

Adjourned to 3 O 'Clock P. M. 
3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for twelve Constables, 
and the same being sorted, it appeared, that 

Mess 18 : Benjamin Romans 
Samuel Whitney 
Pool Spear 
Shubael Hews 
William Patten 
Jacob Good 
James Williams 
John Cade 
John Bartlet 
Francis Booth 
Samuel Smith 
John Butterfield 
were chosen Constables for the Year ensuing. 

[478.] Person Voted, for as a County Register with the 
Number of Votes for each Person Viz* 

Votes 
Joshua Henshaw Esq r . -------- 350 

M r . Nathaniel Green -------- 470 

Thomas Crafts Esq r . 2 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . --- 1 

M r . Jacob Cooper - 13 

Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as a County Register 
for the County of Suffolk were committed to the Clerk of the 
Sessions, and the Inclosures sealed up in Town Meeting sub- 
scribed as follows Viz* 

To the Clerk of the Sessions for the County of Suffolk 

The Number of Votes of the Town of Boston for a County 
Register for the County of Suffolk Certified within and sealed up 
in Town Meeting 

Votes, for a County Treasurer, were received & sealed up in 
Town Meeting and then delivered to Constable Smith to be by 
him returned to the Court of General Sessions of the Peice at 
their next Meeting 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. 99 

Voted, that John Sweetser Esq r . 

Nath 1 . Appleton Esq r . 

Col. Tuder 

Col. Dudley Sergeant 

Thomas Walley Esq r . 

[479.] be a Committee to Estimate what may be the Expences 
of the present year ; as also to enquire into the services of the 
several Salary Men, to Report at the intended Adjournment of 
this Meeting next Wednesday seven Night 10 O'Clock A. M 
and the Town Clark is directed to give Notice thereof in the 
Public Papers 

Selectmen 

Appointed a Committee to visit the Public Schools the ensuing 
Year 

M r . Josiah . Torrey's Petition read whereupon Voted, 
that the same be referred for consideration to the Committee 
Appointed to bring in an Estimate to Report at the Adjourn- 
ment the 22 d . March Ins 1 . 

The Petition relative to Sea Street read whereupon Voted, 
that 

M r . Thomas Denny 

Shrimpton Hutchinson Esq r . 

M r . William Parsons 

be a Committee to enquire who are the Proprietors of the Wharff 
and Report what may be proper to be done thereon 

M rs : Margaret Parker's Petition read whereupon, Voted 
that 

Hon ble : James Sullivan Esq r : 
John Gardiner Esq r . 
William Tudor Esq r : 

be a Committee to consider the same and to Report thereon at the 
Adjournment the 22 March Ins* : 

[48O.] Adjourned to to Morrow 9. O'Clock 
Tuesday 9. O : Clock Met According 

The Request of Alexander Thomas late Collector was read 
whereupon 

Voted, that the Hon ble : James Sullivan Esq r : 

John Gardiner Esq r : 

William Tudor Esq r : 

be a Committee to consider the same & Report at the Adjourn- 
ment 

The Article in the Warrant, relative to the Inchroachments on 



100 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Towns Land near Olivers Dock Together with the Petition 
handed in on that matter to the Selectmen for calling a Meeting 
read whereupon Voted, that, the Selectmen together with Judge 
Sullivan, be a Committee to take this Matter up at large and 
Report at the Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. Whether Measures shall im- 
mediately be come into for widening the Street leading from 
Charlestown Ferry to Winnesimit Ferry " read and committed 
to the Selectmen to Report at the Adjournment 

The Request of the Proprietors of Land on the Neck" that 
their bounds on the West side of the Neck should be extended," 
read, and committed for consideration to the Selectmen, they 
to Report at the Adjournment 

[481.] The Petition of a Number of the Inhabitants, " that 
the Town will take into consideration the mode of letting the Hay 
Engine" read & committed to the Selectmen they to Act 
thereon as in their Judgment they shall think meat conducive to 
Justice & for the benefit of the Town 

The Article in the Warrant Viz* : What measures shall be 
taken relative to the old Continental Bills now in the Treasurey " 
read whereupon Voted that 

Nath 1 : Appleton Esq r : 

Edward Payne Esq r . 

Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

a Committee to take this matter into Consideration & Report 
at the Adjournment 

The Article relative to Deliquent Collectors read & on a 
Motion, referred for consideration to the Adjournment 

Moved & Voted, that the choice of Wardens, be referred to 
the Adjournment as also of Another Constable - - 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for sixteen Fire Wards ; and the same being brought in 
and sorted, it Appeared that 

William Cooper Esq r : 
Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r : 
Edward Proctor Esq r . 
M r . John Lowell 
[482.] M r . James Tileston 

Cap*. Gustavus Fellows excused 
Thomas Melville Esq r . 
M r . John Winthrop 
Jabez Hatch Esq r . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. 101 

Cap*. John Ballard 
Andrew Syms Esq r . 
M r . Joseph Clark 
M r . Jacob Rhodes 
Samuel Brick Esq r . 
M r . Henry Bass 
Col. John May 
were chosen Fire Wards for the Year ensuing 

The following Persons were chose Clerks of the Market for the 
year ensuing 

Mess. Moses Black 

Francis Wright 
"Richard Codman 
Nath 1 : Glover declines 
Daniel Sears 
Sam 1 . W. Hunt 
Elisha Doane 
Thomas Appleton 
William Gray 
John Wells 
Thomas Perkins 
Jonathan Freeman Ju r . 

The Town having determined that five Collectors of Taxes 
should be chosen the Inhabitants as directed withdrew & brought 
in their Votes accordingly & upon sorting them it Appeared that 

[483.] M r . William Lowder 

Gyles- Harris Esq r . 
M r . Moses May 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 
Cap*. William Fleet 
were chosen Assessors for the Year ensuing 

The Votes, being brought in for a Clerk of Fanuiel Hall Market, 
upon sorting them it Appeard that 

M r . Matthew Nazro 
was chosen Clerk of said Market unanimously 

Moved & Voted, that the Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market, shall 
receive as a recompence for his sendees one third part of the 
Money he shall Collect the ensuing Year of the Market People 
without Doors and also the same for what he Collected the last 
Year 

Moved & Voted, that 

Col : Dudley Sergeant 

John Sweetser Esq r . 
M r . John Andrews 



102 CITY DOCUMENT. 

be a Committee to wait on the State Treasurer and to desire him 
to Acquaint the Town what Sums are still due from the several 
Collectors 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for twelve Overseers of the Poor, and the Votes having 
been brought in and sorted, it appeared, that 
The 
[484.] Honb le . William Phillips Esq r . 

Isaac Smith Esq r . 

M r . Jonathan Mason Esq r . 

M r . Samuel Whitwell 

John White Esq r . 

Edward Proctor Esq r . 

William Powell Esq r . 

John Sweetser Esq r . 

M r . Henry Prentice 

M r . Jonathan L. Austin 

M r . Samuel Parkman 

M r . Edward Edes 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the year ensuing 

Mess rs . John Champney 
Joseph Buttler 
Henry Blaisdell 
Joseph Ballard 
Benjamin Page 
James Rogers 
Joseph Rogers-Eyres 
Clement Collins 
Abraham Hayward 
Samuel Fenno 
were chose Surveyor's of Boards for the Year ensuing 

Mess ra . Benjamin White 

Andrew Townsend Ju r . 
[485.] Thomas Uran 

Edmund Ranger 
Abijah Crane 
were chosen Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 

Mess 1 *. Samuel Bangs 
James Bruce 
Thomas Bradley 
Samuel Hicks 
were chosen Sealers of Leather for the year ensuing 

M r . Adam Colson 
was chosen an Informer of Dear for the year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. 103 

Mess 18 : Samuel Harris 

Arthur Langford 
John McElroy 
Cap*. Manassah Master 
Daniel Bell 
Caleb Hayden 
John Owen 
Job Wheelwright 
Samuel Healey 
Edward Burt 
Henry Parks 
Joshua Pico 
were chose Collectors of Staves for the Year ensuing 

Mess 18 : John Skinner 
Jacob Edes 
William Tate 
were chosen Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

[486.] Mess rs : George Hambleton 

Samuel Curtis 
were chosen Haywards for the year ensuing 

The Committee to waite on the State Treasurer, Reported as 
on file 

Adjourned to 3. O 'Clock in the Afternoon 

3. O Afternoon, Met According to Adjournment 

Voted, that Edward Payne Esq r . 

M r . Joseph Russel 

Cap*. William Parsons 

Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 

be and hereby appointed a Committee to Audit the Accompt of 
the Town Treasurer and also the Accompt of the Overseers of 
the Poor, and that they make Report at the next March Meeting, 
and the said Committee are desired to Report from time to time 
a State of the Treasurey and many Matters relating to the Treas- 
urey or Overseeres of the Poor which they may think proper, and 
the said Committee are also desired to examine the Draughts of 
the Selectmen and the Vouchers for the same and its further 
[487.] Voted that Interest be allowed to such of the Over- 
seers of the Poor as shall advance Money for the Use of the Poor 
for the expiration of the year untill paid 

Selectmen 

Appointed Sur[ve]yers of High Ways 
Mess" : Thomas Green 

John Skinner 
were chosen Assay Masters for the year ensuing 



104 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Moved & Voted that the Selectmen be directed to make suita- 
ble provision for the impounding of Horses & also Hogs for the 
North part of the Town, the Northward of the Bridge and 

John Skinner 

was chosen a Hayward for said District for the purpose of im- 
pownding Horses 

John White Esq r . 

John Sweetser Esq r . 
were chosen Surveyors of Wheat & Flour for the Year ensuing 

Consideration of Collectors Premium and what shall be allowed 
the Assessors referred to the Adjournment 

Moved & Voted, that 

Dudley Sargeant Esq r . 

Thomas Walley Esq r . 

Thomas Crafts Esq r : 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

Edward Procter Esq r . 

[488.] be a Committee to confer with the Assessors with respect 
to the time the Assessors should set to make Abatements to 
Report at the Adjournm*. 

Adjourned to Wednesday the 22 d of March Ins* : 

Wednesday the 22 d of March, lO.'O'Clock A : M : Met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

M r . John M c Lane 
was chosen a Constable for the Year ensuing 

M r : Joseph Dyer 
was chosen a Surveyer of Boards for the ensuing Year 

Paul D. Sergeant Esq r . 
was chosen a Fire Ward unanimously 

Mess : Samuel Cobb 

Thomas L Wenthrop excused 
were Chosen Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

The Committee Appointed to consider what Measures shall be 
immediately taken for widening the Street leading. from Charles- 
town Ferry to Winnesimet Ferry Report that the Town widen the 
same Street so as that said Street be fortey feet in wedth pro- 
vided the Abutters on said Street release their right in the Lands 
Necessary for that purpose without any Expence to the Town for 
the said Land 

[489.] The foregoing Report having been read & Amended 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. 105 

Voted, that the same be Accepted and the Selectmen Author- 
ised & empowered to proceed in widing said Street 

The Committee on the request of the . Proprietors of Land on 
Boston Neck 
Report 

That said Proprietors, have ever Since run Parallel thro' their 
Lots on both sides the Street on condition that said Proprietors 
at their own Expence built a sufficient Stone Wall on the West 
side of the Neck to secure the same & prevent the inroads of the 
Sea from the Street to the Bluffs near Gravelly Point so called, 
and that said Proprietors keep the same Wall in good Repair at 
all times hereafter 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered. Voted, 
that the same be accepted and the Selectmen are hereby Author- 
ised & impowered to give a Deed of said Land in behalf of the 
Town Accordingly 

The Comm ee : to Audit Town Treasurer Accounts & having 
Reported the Report was read 

The Committee to Estimate the Sum necessary to be raised to 
defrey the Expencies of the Present Year & to consider [49O.] 
what Sums will be proper to grant, to the several Officers, in pay 
of the Town Reported, and the same being considered as 
also the Report of the Committee to Audit the Accounts of the 
Town Treasurer, the Town came into the following Resolutions 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Ninety five Pounds be 
allowed & paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary the 'present' 
Year the same to commence the 1 st : of March Ins* : and to be 
paid him Quarterly as it shall become due 

Voted, that the Sum of one hundred Ninety five Pounds, be 
allowed and paid unto M r . Nathaniel Davis for his Salary the 
present Year, the same to commence the 1 st . of March Ins* : and 
to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due 

306 Persons present. 

Voted, that the Sum of one hundred & Seventy pounds be 
allowed & paid unto M r . John Tyleston for his Salary as Master 
of the North Grammer School the present Year, the same to be 
paid Quarterly as it shall become due & to commence from the 
1 st . of March Ins* : 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and Seventy Pounds be 
allowed & paid unto M r . James Carter, for his Salary as Master 
of the Writing School in Queen Street the present Year the same 
to be paid him Quarterly & to commence from the I 1 , of March 
Ins 1 . 



106 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[491.] Voted, that the Sum of One hundred & Seventy 
Pounds be allowed and paid unto M r . John Vinal for his Salary 
as Master of the Writing School in the Common the present 
Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due 
& to commence the 1*. of March Ins*. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred & Seventy Pounds be al- 
lowed & paid unto M r . Samuel Cheney for his Salary as Master 
of the New Writing School at the North End, the present Year 
the to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, & to com- 
mence the 1 st . of March Ins 1 . 

Voted, that M r . John Tileston Master of the North Writing 
School be allowed for House Rent the present year the Sum of 
forty Pounds, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall be- 
come due & to commence the first of March Ins* : 

Adjourned to 3'O'Clock P : M 

3'0'Clock. Town Met 

Voted, that M r . Nathaniel Davis Master of the North Gram- 
mer School be allowed for House Rent the present Year, the Sum 
of Forty Pounds the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall 
become due, and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter 

Voted, that M r . John Vinal Master of the Writing School in 
the Common be allow'd [492.] for House Rent the present 
Year, the Sum of Forty Pounds, the same to be paid him Quar- 
terly as it shall become due, and to commence from the 1*. of 
March Ins 1 . 

Voted, that M r . Samuel Cheney Master of the New Writing 
School at the North End, be allowed for House Rent the present 
Year, the Sum of Forty Pounds, the same to be paid him Quar- 
terly as it shall become due, and to commence the 1 st . of March 
Ins 1 . 

Voted, that M r . Samuel Payson Usher of the South Grammer 
School, be allowed & paid the Sum of Ninety Seven Pounds ten 
Shillings for the present the same to be paid him Quarterly as it 
shall become due 

Voted, that the 3 Ushers of the Writing Schools Viz* : M r : 
Tileston M r . Carter's & M r . Vinals be allowed for their Salaries 
Eighty five Pounds ^ Annum each the same to be paid Quarterly 
as it shall become due & to commence from the 1 st . of March 
Ins* : 

Voted, that the Six Masters of the Public Schools have ten 
Cords of Wood each provided for them by the Selectmen 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. 107 

[493.] Voted, that one of the Town Watches be laid aside, 
and that the Selectmen settle it with the other Watchmen the 
allowance they are to receive 

Voted, that the Allowance to the Assessors be seven Shillings 
& Six pence *$ Day, for the time they may set in doing the Busi- 
ness of their Office 

Voted, that William Cooper be allowed & paid the Sum of One 
hundred & thirty Pounds for his services as Town Clerk the Year 
ensuing the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due 
& to commence the 1 st . of March Ins*. 

Voted, that M r . Peter Boyer be allowed and paid the Sum of 
One hundred and thirty Pounds for his services as Treasurer the 
prest Year the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become 
due & to commence the 1 st . of March Ins*. 

Voted, that the Director of Lamps be allowed for his services 
Five Pounds ^ Month untill further Orders of the Town 

280 Persons present 

[494.] Voted, that the Sum of Seven thousand Pounds be 
raised by a Tax to be Assessed on the Polls & Estates of the 
Inhabitants of this Town to defrey the Charges of the Year 
ensuing 

Moved & Voted, that that paragraph of the Report of the 
Committee to bring in an Estimate & which relates to the choice 
of Collectors, and if they find their Premium be referred to the 
Adjournment for consideration The Town Clerk is to give notice 
of this in the public Papers and that the choice of Collectors of 
Taxes, be referred to the Adjournment 

M r . Benjamin White 

was chosen a Surveyer of Boards & Shingles for the Year ensu- 
ing 

M r . Jacob Eustes 
chosen Clerk of the Market for the year ensuing 

Moved & Voted, that the Constables be requested to Walk the 
Streets of this Town on the Lords Day's agreeably to a former 
practice, taking with them some of the Inhabitants on those 
Walks as a means to prevent disorders on the Sabbath more 
especially in the time of Divine service 

The Report of the Committee relative to Sea Street read where- 
upon 

Voted, that the Selectmen [be] requested to enquire into the 



108 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Nature & Tenor of the Deeds of the Abuttors, and if they find 
that they then Report the same to the Town but if otherwise, 
that they then proceed in making necessary Repairs in the Usual 
manner 

[495.] The Report of the Committee on the Petition of 
Margaret Parker read and recommitted, and M r . James 
Bayley added to said Committee ; who are desired to Report at 
the Adjournment 

Adjourned to Tuesday next 9. O'Clock, in the Forenoon 

Tuesday the 28 th . of March 9. O. Clock A: M : met according 
to Adjournment 

Cap* : William M c Neil 

M r . Edward How 
were chose Surveyors of Hemp for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are empowered & 
directed to sit for such Abatement of Taxes as they shall Judge 
reasonable two Days in each Week for the delivery of the Tax 
Bills to the Collectors for the space of six Weeks, and no longer, 
saving that they be allowed to set the last Week in February 
Lords Day excepted for the Abatement of the Taxes of such 
Persons as had not an Oppertunity of applying in the Above 
limetted time, by reason of their being out of the Common- 
wealth, or any other unavoidable hinderance, and that the As- 
sessors determin upon the said two Days, which is to be noted 
on the Tax Bill to be delivered the Inhabitants 

On the Report of the Committee on M 1 " 8 : Margaret Parker's 
Petition 

[496.] Voted, that it is the sense of the Town that the 
Assessors pursue the Measures prescribed in the Law respecting 
the case of the late M r . Daniel Parker one of the Collectors of the 
Town of Boston for the Year 1784 & 1785 

On the Report of the Committee on M r . Alexander Thomas's 
Petition which was read & as part Accepted 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to prosecute the 
Bondsmen of M r . Alexander Thomas one of the late Collector of 
Taxes for such Taxes committed to him to Collect, as he has 
been deficient in Collecting 

Voted, that the Assessors be directed to proceed with respect 
to the late Collector Alexander Thomas, in taking a List &c as 
the Law directs 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. 109 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to suspend prose- 
cuting M r . Thomas's Bondsmen untill he shall have received, the 
Returns from the Assessors respecting the Taxes uncollected, 
which the Law directs 

On Report of the Committee to Audit Accounts Moved & 
Voted, that a Committee be appointed to make enquirey whether 
the Justices of the Town have paid into the Town Treasurey the* 
proportion of Fines the Town by Law is to receive from said 
Justices 

[497.] Voted, that M r . Jeremiah Belknap 
William Story Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Whitwell 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to put in Suit the 
Bonds of all such Collectors as have been deficient in paying in 
the Sums committed to them to Collect previous to 1785 

Voted, that no Person be chosen into the Office of a Collector 
that has not settled and paid into the State & Town Treasurey all 
the Taxes committed to him to Collect, prior to the Tax granted 
in 1785 

The Question being put on that Paragraph of the Report of the 
Committee as Audit Town Treasurer's Accounts relative to a 
motion made of Collecting Taxes, passed in the negative 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P. M 

3. O : Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 
On M r . Jonaah Torreys Petition 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be impowered & directed to 
give Jonah Torrey a late Collector one or more Notes bearing In- 
terest from the date of his settling his Accounts with the Select- 
men for the Sum due to him from the Town on said Settlement 

[498.] M r : Samuel Ballard - 

chosen a Hay ward for the Year ensuing. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for twelve Wardens, & the same being brought in & sorted 
it appeared that 

Mess 1 " 8 : James Allen ------- declined 

Nathaniel Jarvis - - - - - d. 

Jacob Eustis d. 



110 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Benjamin Jarvis ----- d. 

Sylvanus Bourn d. 

John Lovel ------- d. 

Simeon Mayo d. 

Simeon Eliot Jun r . - - - - d. 

Martin B. Sohier - - d. 

Gilbert Deblois ------ d. 

James Carter ------- d. 

Benjamin Austin Ju r . - ... d. 
were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed to take into considera- 
tion what Premium shall be allowed the Persons who shall be 
chosen Collectors of Taxes for the year ensuing 
Voted 

Col. D Sergeant 

Samuel Ruggles 

Edward Payne Esq r . 
be a Committee for that purpose to Report at May Meeting 

[499.] Mess rs : Thomas Bayley 

James Thompson 

Charles Williams 

Benjamin Henderson 
were chose Collectors of Taxes for the year ensuing 

Adjourned to Monday next to meet in this Place immediately 
after the choice of Goverment & is declared , 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met According to Adjournment 

All the Persons who were chosen into the Office of Wardens at 
the Adjournment having declined Serving they were by the Town 
the Day upon Application to them excused from serving in that 
Office 

Moved & Voted, that a Person Elected and empowered to Col- 
lect the Outstanding Taxes which have been committed to M r . 
Alexander Thomas to Collect and which by reason of his being 
taken by execution he has been unable to compleat provided the 
Person so elected gives Bond for the faithful discharge of his 
Trust, to the Selectmen 

M r : Benjamin Henderson 

was chosen by Ballot a Collector of Taxes for the purpose afore- 
said 

Moved & Voted, that the Town Treasurer be desired to sus- 
pend putting M r . Cudworths Bonds in Suit untill July term 

[5OO.] Moved & Voted, that there be allowed & paid for 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. Ill 

the said Benjamin Henderson five *$ Cent for Collecting M r . 
Thomas's outstanding Debts 

Moved & Voted, that the Town Treasurer be desired to sus- 
pend putting M r . Cudworths Bonds in Suit untill July term 

Moved & Voted, that the Town so far reconsider the Vote 
lately passed directing the Town Treasurer to put M r . Grays 
Bonds in Suit, as that the Treasurer be now directed to suspend 
the same untill May next upon Condition that the Bondsmen 
shall pay all the Charge that may have arisen as to this Suit 

It was moved that the same direction be given the Treasurer 
with respect to M r . Thomas's Bonds and the Question being 
put passed in the Negative 

about 165 Persons present 

Voted, that the Assessors be directed to receive of M rs . 
Catharin Gray a List of her late Husband Benjamin Grays out- 
standing Taxes, and make such Abatements thereon as they shall 
Judge reasonable 

Voted, that all matters & things which remaine unfinished at 
this Meeting be referred over to the General Town [meeting] 
in May next then to be Acted upon 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

[5O1.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of Twenty one Years of Age and upwards, qualified as 
the Constitution prescribes and legally warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneiul [Hall] on Monday the 3 d Day of 
April Anno Domini 1786 9. O'Clock A : M :- 

Prayer was made by the Eev d : M r : Lothrop 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Paragraph of the Constitution or Frame of Goverment, relative 
to choice of Governor & Senators, also read 

On a Motion Voted, that the Town will now come to the choice 
of a Governor Leu*. Governor and six Senators for the County 
of Suffolk 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Vote would be 
received but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll 
shall be closed at 12. O'Clock 



112 CITY DOCUMENT. 

On a Motion Voted, that the severall Bells in the Town be set 
aringing ten Minutes befor 12. O'Clock 

Persons Voted, for as Governor with the number of Votes for 
each Person Viz*. 

Votes 

His Excellency James Bowdoin Esq r . 765 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 1 

Hon ble : John Hancock Esq r . 13 

Cap 1 . Job Prince _.. 1 

[5O2.] Persons Voted, for Lieu*: Governor, with the Num- 
ber of Votes for each Persons Viz*. 

Votes 

His Honor Thomas Gushing Esq r . 505 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 267 

Hon ble : James Warren Esq r . ---- 8 

Hon ble : Benjamin Lincoln Esq r . --- 1 

John Lucus Esq r . ..._.. i 

M r . Amos Hovey -_.-..._.___. i 

Persons Voted, for as Senators for the County of Suffolk with 
the number of Votes for each Person Viz* : 

Votes 

His Honor Thomas Gushing Esq r . 278 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 720 

Hon ble : William Phillips Esq r 744 

Hon ble : Benjamin Austin Esq r . ..._37o 

Hon ble : Richard Cranch Esq r . 771 

Hon ble : Cotton Tuffts Esq r . 762 

Hon ble : John Lowell Esq r . 313 

Hon ble : Stephen Metcalf Esq r 439 

Hon bie. William Heath Esq r . 44 

Hon ble : Benjamin Lincoln Esq r . 99 

Hon ble : Jabez Fisher Esq r . - ... 2 

Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r 27 

Hon ble : Jonathan Jackson Esq r . a 

Hon ble : Samuel A. Otis Esq r . 7 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . - _...... 5 

Hon ble : James Warren Esq r . 3 

Hon ble : Samuel Nyles Esq r . 1 

Benjamin Hitchborn Esq r . ---- 1 

Thomas Russell Esq r . 1 

John C. Jones Esq r . _.._._ i 

M r . Elias Parkman 1 

M r . John Wear 1 

Cap*. John Hinckley -.._._ i 

[5O3.] M r . Samuel Whitwell 1 

M r . Jacob Edes 1 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. 113 

Votes 

M r . Benjamin Hall 1 

Leonard Jarvis Esq r . 1 

M r . Ebenezer Bridge ------------ 1 

Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as Governor, Liev*. 
Governor and Senators for the County of Suffolk were committed 
to the Secretary of this Commonwealth, and the Inclousers sealed 
up in Town Meeting Superscribed as follows Viz*. 
For 

John Avery Esq r . 

Secretary of the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts 

The number of the Votes of the Town of Boston for a Gover- 
nor Lieu 1 . Governor & Six Senators for the County of Suffolk 
Certified within & Sealed up in Town Meeting 

Adjourned to 3. O 'Clock P : M 
Met accordingly & then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuiel Hall on Tuesday the 9 th . Day of 
May Anno Domini 1786 10. O : Clock A. M : 

Prayer was made by the Rev d : M r . Wight 
[5O4.] Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

That part of the Constitution or Frame of Goverment which 
relates to the choice of Representatives - - - - read 

Sundry Laws to be read at said Meeting were Accordingly 
read 



The Town having determined to Choose Seven Persons to Rep- 
resent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to be held at 
the State House at Boston the last Wednesday of May Currant 
Agreeably, to the Constitution or Frame of Goverment for the 
Massachusetts The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and 
bring in their Votes for Several Representatives and then it was 
declared by the Selectmen that no Votes should be received but 
such as were unfolded and that they propose the Poll should be 
closed at 12' O'Clock the Assessors were requested to stand 
at the Door while the Inhabitants were giving in their Votes 

On a Motion, Voted, that all those Persons who Vote for Rep- 
resentatives shall on their giving in their respective Votes, enter 
into the Hall and there remaine, untill the Poll is closed 



114 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Votes being brought in for Seven Representatives, the 
number of the same were found to be Seven hundred sixty two 
[5O5.] And upon sorting them it appeared that the following 
Gentlemen were chosen by a Maiority of Votes Viz*. 

Votes 

Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . 730 

Samuel A. Otis Esq r . 667 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . 750 

Leonard Jarvis Esq r . 531 

Samuel Brick Esq r . 630 

Jonathan Mason Sen 1 ". Esq r . 454 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . 570 

Men . An Attested Copy did 

Caleb Davis Esq r . 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen, it was moved that a Moderator be chosen to preside 
at the Meeting for the choice of a County Register 

John Brown Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote 

Moved & Voted, that 4. o Clock P : M : be Assigned for bring- 
ing in & receiving Votes for a County Register 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P. M be Assigned for bringing in & 
examining Votes 

3 O'Clock P. M. Met according to Adjournment 

Moved & Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to collect 
count & sort the Votes in Town Meeting that shall be brought in 
for a Register of Deeds for the County of Suffolk (error) 

[5O6.] John Scollay Esq r . 

Harbottle Dorr Esq r . 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

John Brown Esq r . 

Cap 1 . Edward Tyler 

M r . John Andrews 

M r . Moses Grant 

M r . William Cunningham 

M r . Thomas Walley 

were chosen to Collect sort & count the Votes for a Register of 
Deeds for the County of Suffolk the written Votes of each Person 
as were qualified by the Constitution to Vote for Representatives 
having been by the said 

John Scollay 

Harbottle Dorr 

Ezekiel Price 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. 115 

John Brown 

Edward Tyler 

John Andrews 

Moses Grant 

William Cunningham 

Thomas Walley 

collected, sorted and counted it appeared that the following 
Persons were Voted for as Register of Deeds for the County of 
Suffolk and had the number of Votes set against their respective 
Names Viz 1 . 

Votes 
Joshua Henshaw Esq r . - - - - 267 

M r . Nathaniel Green 426 

Stephen Miller Esq r . 3 

M r . Jacob Cooper 3 

[5O7.] The aforegoing Record was read in Town Meeting 
and exactly Copied, & Attested by the Town Clerk, & then sealed 
up in Town Meeting On the Outside of the Paper the following 
was written Viz* : 

This Paper contains a Copy of the Records of the Votes of the 
Town of Boston for a Register of Deeds for the County of Suf- 
folk taken from the Town Book and sealed up by William Cooper 
Town Clerk 

To the Court of General Sessions of the Peace to be held within 
& for the County of Suffolk on the first Tuesday of July A. D. 
1786 

Mem , said Paper was then delivered to Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
Clerk of the Court of General Sessions 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 

There being other Articles contained in the Warrant, it was 
moved that a Moderator be chosen to preside while said Business 
was, transacting 

John Brown Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator of the Meeting by a Hand Vote 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. To consider whether In- 
structions shall be given the Gentelmen who may be chosen to 
Represent this Town in the General Court the present Year " 
was read whereupon the Question was put Passed in the 
Negative, About 300 Persons present 

[5O8.] The Article in the Warrant relative to Cap*. Silas 
Atkens House was read whereupon 



116 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Voted, that Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

Deacon Sharp 

Timothy Newell Esq r . 

be a Committee to view said House & Report what is proper to 
be done ; at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

The Petition of Thomas Beals, read & considered, whereupon 
Moved & Voted, that he have leave to withdraw his Petition 
also Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to proceed in carrying 
the design of the Governors Donor into execution 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. Whether the Town will take 
Measures for building a Sea Wall on Ferry Street ' ' read 
whereupon 

Moved & Voted, that a Committee be Appointed to view said 
Street, and confer with the Proprietors of the Bridge -and the 
Abuttors, as to the proportion they will bear of the charge of 
said Wall ; to Report the same at the Adjournment togethear with 
an Estimate of the Expence that will be occasioned by building 
said Wall 

Voted, that Thomas Craft Esq r . 
Paul D Sergeant Esq r . 
William Tudor Esq r . 
Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Nath 1 . Barber Esq r . 
[5O9.] be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The Petition of the several Sextons was read, and after debate 
the Question was put as moved for viz 1 . Whether they shall 
have leave to withdraw their Petition Passed in the Negative 

Adjourned to Fryday next being the 12 th Ins 1 : 3 : O : Clock 
Afternoon 

Fryday the 12 th Day of May Anno Domini 1786 Met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

The Sextons Petition, again taken up and after, debate, the 
Question was put Viz*. Whether the Petitioners shall have leave 
to withdraw their Petition Passed in the Affirmative 

The Committee Appointed to consider the Article in the War- 
rant relative to Cap 1 . Atkins ; House Reported as their Opinion 
That it is not expedient for the Town to Adopt any measure 
relative thereto and the Question being put Whether said 
Report shall be Accepted Passed in the Affirmative 

The Committee relative to Ferry Street & Reported verbally 
and gave in an Estimate of the charge, the building a Sea Wall 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. 117 

would Occasion After some debate It was moved that said 
Committee be desired to Report again in writing at the Adjourn- 
ment. [51O.] also an Estamate of the charge of the Sea Wall 
the Question was put for said referance but did not Obtain 

It was then Moved & Voted that the aforegoing Vote be re- 
considered & that the Committee, Report as first moved at the 
Adjournment of this Meeting 

Moved & Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned it shall 
be to Wednesday the 17 th Ins*. 3. O 'Clock P : M 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Wednesday the 17 th of May 3. O Clock P: M Met according 
to Adjournment 

The Report of the Committee relative to Justices Fines read 

whereupon, moved & Voted, that the Town Accept the Report 

& that the Report be Accepted & the Town Treasurer directed to 

Apply to the several Official Justices for payment of the Fines 

they have received as belongs to the Town 

M r . John Vinal's Petition read where 

Voted, that Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
M r . John Deming 
Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

be a Committee to take the same into consideration and Report 
as soon as may be 

Moved & Voted, that M r . Benjamin Henderson be allowed five 
*$ Cent for Collecting the Outstanding Debts of M r . Daniel 
Parker a late Collector, deceased on all the Monies he shall Col- 
lect- 
Moved, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 5. O. Clock this 
Afternoon 

[511.] At a legal Meeting of the Freeholders & Other In- 
habitants of the Town of Boston at Faneiul Hall Wednesday the 
17 th . of May 3 'O'Clock P : M : 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

John Brown Esq r : 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. " To consider and determin 
whether the Town will purchase any Part of Copes Hill with the 



118 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Beach or Flatts contigieous for the purpose of widening and re- 
pairing of Ferry Way Street was read whereupon 

Moved & Voted, that the Selectmen be empowered and directed 
to purchase of the Artillery Company four Lots of Land on Cops 
Hill, for the purpose of widening & reparing of Ferry way Street ; 
and for the further use of the Town ; provided the Treasurer of 
the Company will convey to the Town all their Right Title & 
Interest to said Land Beach & Flatts for a Sum not exceeding 
two hundred Pounds and that the Town Treasurer be directed 
in case the Selectmen purchase the same to give his Note to the 
Artillery Company on Interest for said Sum and the Question 
being put passed in the Affirmative 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

[512.] Adjournment of March Meeting 

3. O : Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee relative to Ferry way Street; Reported & 
handed into the Town an Estimate of the charge of a Sea Wall 
the same having been read & considered it was moved & 

Voted, That the Selectmen he Authorised and directed to pro- 
ceed in building a Stone Wall on Ferry Street with Capstons on 
the Top west to exceed ten feet from the present Wooden Wharff 
or Head, if the Abuttors previous to the being built will give 
from under hand & Seal, so much of their Land as to make the 
said Street forty feet in width including the aforementioned Stone 
Wall & Earth sufficient to fill up the same, and that the said Sea 
Wall shall begin at the New Ferry House & extend so far as 
M r . Goodings Wharff which will make 470 feet in Length 

Moved that the Vote passed, not to Instruct the Representa- 
tives, be reconsidered the Question being put Passed in the 
Negative 

about 350 

The Report of the Committee relative to Collectors Premium 
read, whereupon 

Voted, that the consideration of this Report be referred to the 
next Town Meeting to be Notifyed thereof in the News Papers 

Moved, that that part of the By Law relative to Sextons, 
which requires a Badge be suspended The Question being put 
Passed in the Affirmative 

[513.] Voted, -that all Matters & Things which remain un- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. 119 

finished be referred over to the Next General Town Meeting to be 
called 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other 'Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 4 th Day of 
July Anno Domini 1786 10. O'Clock in the Forenoon 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

TheHon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote 

The Town being informed that M r . Adams could not on Ac- 
count of urgent business leave the Senate 

John Brown Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator of the Meeting 

The Committee appointed last year to make choice of a Gen- 
telman to deliver an Oration on this Anniversey of Independance 

Reported 

That they had made choice of M r . Jonathan Loring 
Austin for the purpose aforesaid, who had Accepted to that ser- 
vice 

[514.] On a Motion Voted, that the Oration for the pur- 
pose aforesaid be delivered at the Chapel Church the 12 th . 
O'Clock leave having been given for the same 

Voted, that Mess rs : John Andrews 

Ebenz r : Hancock 

Thomas Walley Esq r . 

be a Committee to wait on M r . Austin and Acquaint him with the 
aforegoing Vote 

The Meeting was Adjourned to Chapel Church 

12. O'Clock Met at the Chapel Church According to Adjourn- 
ment 

AN ORATION 

to commemorate the Independance of the United States, was de- 
livered by M r . Jonathan L. Austin at the Chapel Church to a 
large and crouded Assembly 

On a Motion, Voted that the 
Selectmen 



120 CITY DOCUMENT. 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to wait on M r . Jona- 
than Loring Austin and in the Name of the Town to Thank him 
for the Spirited & elagant Oration this Day delivered by him at 
the request of the Town upon the Anniversary of the Independ- 
ance of the United States of America, in which According to the 
[515.] Institution of the Town, he considered the felings Man- 
ners and Principles which led to that great National Event 
And to request of him a Copy thereof for the Press 

On a Motion Voted, that 

The Gentelmen the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a 
Committee to Apply to some one learned and able Gentelman to 
deliver an ORATION on the 4 th of July A. D. 1787 that Day being 
the Anniversary of the Independance of the United States of 
America, wherein the Orator is to consider the feelings manners 
& principles which led to this great & National Event, as well as 
the important and happy Effects whether general or Domestick, 
which have already, and will forever continue to flow from that 
Auspicious Epoch 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

[516.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders, and other Inhab- 
itants of the Town of Boston duly qualefied & legally warned in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Fanuiel [Hall] on Thursday 
the 27S of July A. D 1786 9. O'Clock A : M 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote 

On a Motion ,4 O'Clock assigned for receiving the Votes for a 
County Treasurer & the Poll to be closed at 5 . O 'Clock P : M 

The Article in the Warrant relative to setting Fire to a Public 
Building on Dock Square on the Night of the 20 th Ins* : was 
read whereupon 

Voted, that John Gardiner Esq r . 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

M r . Joseph Russell 

be a Committee to prepare a Vote which they may Judge proper 
for the Town to Pass, & to Report as soon as may be 

The Report of the Comm* 6 : relative to the Collectors Premieum 
for Collecting, referred for consideration to the Adjournment, 
was read & considered & the Question being put whether the 
same shall be Accepted passed in the Negative 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. 121 

[517] The Report of the Comm 66 . relative to the Collectors 
Premium for Collecting referred for consideration to the Adjourn- 
ment was read & considered & the Question being put whether 
the same shall be accepted Passed in the Negative 

The Article in the "Warrant Viz*. ' ' To consider & determine 
what Premieum shall be Allowed the Collectors of Taxes for the 
present Year, was read & considered, whereupon the following 
Vote as Altered at the Adjournment was passed by the Town 
Viz*. 

Voted, that four per cent be allow'd and hereby is allowed to 
the Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums 
of Money & public Securities as they shall Collect and pay into 
the several Treasuries of the Sums committed to them to Collect 
within ten Months from the Recept of the Tax Books, and three 
per Cent on all such other Sums as shall afterwards be Collected, 
also that such Collectors shall give Bond with sufficient Sure- 
ties to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful dis- 
charge of their Duty in said Office and complying with this Vote ; 
and that they will not receive any Premieum or Gratuity for dis- 
canting Any Order, Note or Receipts from the Treasurer of the 
of the Town 

[518.] On a Motion, 3. O'Clock assigned for receiving an 
Answer from the Collectors, whether they accept to serve on the 
foregoing Terms 

The Committee Appointed to consider what Measures shall 
be adopted for the more effectual & speedy Discovery of the 
Perepatrers or Pereptrators of that premedatated & daring Act 
of Villainy, in setting Fire to a publick Building on Market 
Square " Reported as follows Vizt 4 . 

Voted, that this Town view with Abhorance and Detestation, 
the execrable Act committed by some daring and lawless Incen- 
diary or incendiaries on the Night of Thursday the 20 th Day of 
this present Month of July, in willfully setting Fire to the Build- 
ing then intended for a Fish Market belonging to the Town, and 
then erected for a Fish Market belonging to this Town, and then 
erected in Dock Square whereby the Town was not only injured in 
its property, but the Safety of the Neighbourhood was endan- 
gered, and the peace & quiet of the Inhabitants were greatley 
disturbed And it is further Voted, that this Town do much 
Approve of the conduct of their Selectmen in the Steps which 
they have taken to discover the Perpetrator or Perpetrators of so 
daring an Act of lawless Villainy ; and that nothing may be 
Wanting on the part of the Town to bring to Justice [519.] and 
condign Punishment the Incendiary or Incendiaries aforesaid 
It is further Voted, that the Selectmen and they are accordingly 



122 CITY DOCUMENT. 

hereby impowered to increase the reward for the Discovery of 
such Incendiariys or Incendiaries so that the same exceed not 
the Sum of Five hundred Dollars to be paid by the Parson or 
Parsons making such discovery excepting however the Incendiary 
or Incendiarie who actualy set the same on fire the same to be 
paid out of the Town Treasurey upon conviction of any one or 
more of such Incendiaries that the Selectmen do apply 

to his Excellency the Governor & the Council and request his 
Excellency with the Advice and consent of the Council to Issue 
his Proclamation offering a full Pardon to any one Accomplice 
or any of the Accomplices concerned [in] such Act of burning 
such Building excepting however the Incendiary or Incendiaries 
who Actualy set the same on fire upon his or their discovery [of] 
such Incendiary or Incendiaryes who so actually set fire to the 
same 

The foregoing Votes having been read and amended in the 
Meeting were Adopted by the Town 

[5 2O.] The Article relative to Ferry Way Street read and 
the consideration thereof referred to 3' O'Clock when M r . Newman 
is desired to give his Attendance 

The Committee on Master Vinals Petition Reported verbally, 
whereupon 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to give order for 
the Payment of M r . John Vinal one of the Schoolmasters of this 
Town on M r . Benjamin Henderson of Such Sums as are now due 
from the Town to the said Vinal out of the first Monies which the 
said Collector shall receive in his capacity of Collector after he 
shall have discharged the Order already drawn upon him in favor 
of several Persons Amounting to 687 ,, 4 ,, 10 d 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P : M 
3'O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

Voted, that it is the sense of the Town that no Money shall be 
paid by M r . Henderson untill M r . Vinal is paid, except Drafts 
for what is due from the Town to those who owe Taxes to M r . 
Henderson and are willing to discount the same 

Article in the Warrant relative to Ferry Street read where- 
upon 

Voted, that this Article together with the business connected 
with it be referred to the Selectmen at large, they to make the 
best Agreement [521.] they are Able with M r . Newman and to 
Report at the Adjournment 

Moved that the Poll for choice of a County Register be as- 
signed at half past 5' O'Clock this Afternoon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. 123 

John Scollay 

Harbottle Dorr Esq r . 

Ezekiel Pierce 

John Brown Esq r . 

Cap'. Edward Tyler 

M r . John Andrews 

M r . Moses Grant 

M r . William Cunningham 

Thomas Walley Esq r . 

were chosen to Collect sort & count the Votes for a Register of 
Deeds for the County of Suffolk the written Votes for each Person 
as are qualified by the Constitution to Vote for Representatives 
& having been by the said 

John Scollay 

Harbottle Dorr 

Ezekiel Price 

John Brown 

Edward Tyler 

John Andrews 

Moses Grant 

William Cunningham 

Thomas Walley 

Collected sorted and counted, it appeared that the following Per- 
sons, were Voted for as a [522.] Register of Deeds for the 
County of Suffolk and had the number of Votes set against their 
respective Names 

Votes 

Joshua Henshaw Esq r . 276 

M r : Nathaniel Green 374 

The aforegoing Record was read in Town Meeting and exactly 
Copied & Attested by the Town Clerk and Sealed up in Town 
Meeting & on the Other side of the Paper a Return was made the 
Hon ble : the Clerk of the General Court of Sessions of the Peace 
& the Paper delivered Ezekiel Price Esq r . Clerk of the Sessions, 
to be by him delivered Said Court 

Then the Meeting was Adjourned to Thursday next the 3 d . of 
August 3 O'Clock Afternoon 

3. O Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

A Petition of M r . Thomas a late Collectors Bondsmen, was 
read 

whereupon the following Votes drawn up by one of the Selectmen, 
was laid before the Town & by them Accepted Viz*. 

On a Petition of M r . Elisha Sigoney & M r . John Hinkley rel- 
ative to a Suit now depending in Law brought by Peter Boyer 
Esq r . Town Treasurer against Elias Parkman and the Executors 



124 CITY DOCUMENT. 

of William Burbeck deceased as Bondsmen to M r . Alexander 
Thomas a late [523.] Collector of Taxes for the Town, and 
whereas the Affair relative to M r . Thomas was not entirely com- 
pleated at the March Meeting, and stands referred over to this 
Meeting, therefore 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is directed 
to Stop all former proceeding in said Action, and lie is also 
directed to receive of said Bondsmen the Sums of Ninety five 
pounds thirteen Shillings & ten pence in , which thr. 

Mistake was paid to the late State Treasurer & also the Sum of 
10 ,, 18 ,, 9 in Specie, which two Sums will be in full of all de- 
mands the Town have against said Alexander Thomas or his 
Bondsmen; and the Treasurer is further directed on receving 
said two Sums to discharge them Accordingly they paying all 
charges which have arisen on said Suit to discharge the said 
Bondsmen Also 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer retaine in the Treasurey the 
aforementioned Sum of 95 ,, 13 ,, 10 d . untill the further Orders 
of the Town unless he cannot avail himself of an exchange with 
any of the Collectors of the Town for Silver or Gold at par 

The Committee relative to Ferry Street reported verbally 
and also handed in to the Town M r . Newmans written Proposals 
relative to Ferry Street, which being read, and the Question put 
whether said Proposals be Accepted Passed in y e . Negative 

On a Motion the Question was put viz*. Whether the Town will 
take any further order relative to Ferry Street Passed in the 
Negative 

[524.] Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to proceed in 
compleating the Sea Wall & Ferry Street Agreeably to the Vote 
passed by the Town the 17 th of May last 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Fanuiel Hall September 8 th A. D. 1786 
10 O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

* 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . chosen Moderator by a hand 
Vote 

The Article in the Warrant or Notification together with the 



BOSTON TOWN RECOEDS, 1786. 125 

request of a Number of the Inhabitants "for calling the Meeting 
read whereupon moved & Voted, that a Committee be chosen 
to consider the Articles in the Warrant and the Request at large, 
and to draw up the form of an Address to his Excellency the 
Governor and to Report the same together with what they think 
may be further necessary to be done at this critical conjuncture 

On a Motion, the Governours late Proclamation was read 

[525.] Voted, that the Hon ble : Sam 1 : Adams Esq r . 
Hon ble : James Sullivan Esq r . 
D r . Charles Jarvis 
Hon ble : Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
Edward Payne Esq r . 
Jonathan Jackson Esq r . 
Jonathan L. Austin Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Adjourned to Monday next 8. O Clock P. M. 

Monday 11 th of September 3. O'Clock P. M. Met according 
to Adjournment 

The Committee to draw up the form of an Address to his Ex- 
cellency the Governor and Report together with a Circular Letter 
which they propose to be sent to the Selectmen of the several 
Towns in this Commonwealth which being both read & considered 
the Question was put Whether the form of an Address to 
the Governor, be accepted Passed in the Affirmative It was 
then 

Voted, that the Committee who Reported said Address, be a 
Committee to present the same to his Excellency James Bowdoin 
Esq r . Governor of this Commonwealth 

Moved & Voted, that the Circular Letter be Accepted, and that 
the Selectmen be desired to get a Suitable number printed and 
sent to the Several Towns in this State 

[526.] The Address & the Circular Letter are as follows 
Viz 1 . 

May it please your Excellency 
The Inhabitants of the 

Town of Boston legally Assembled in Faneuil [Hall] beg leave to 
express to your Excellency their Anxious concern for the Uneasi- 
ness that has arisen & to bear their United Testimoney against 
those illegal Steps which have been unfortunately & we are in- 
clined to believe by some inconsiderately taken to prevent the 
due execution of the Laws within several of the Counties of this 
Goverment or Commonwealth Whatever may be the source of 



126 CITY DOCUMENT. 

these Commotions the Inhabitants of the Town are Clearley of 
Opinion that they are equally repugnant to the Constitution as 
they are obstructive of the Peace & Order of Society But as 
they feel themselves bound by every tie of Affection Interest & 
Religion to their Fellow Citizens throughout the State, wherever 
they are situated & have bled, & are willing again to bleed by 
their side in defence of Liberty & the Constitution, they depre- 
ciate every possible Misunderstanding among Friends, who are 
thus tenderly United ; They rely therefore on the Wisdom Zeal 
& Patriotism of your Excellency & of the legislative Body, which 
they are happy in finding is so early to be convened that the true 
causes of these difficulties will be fully explored & Speedily re- 
moved, in order that Peace & Unanimity may be restored, & that 
the constitutional Securiety of the Lives, Liberties & Property 
[527.] of the People of this State may remaine unimpared 
But while they thus most earnestly wish for the restoration of 
Harmony & that no mild & lenient Measures may be omitted to 
Accomplish so happy an Event, they Assure your Excellency of 
their unvaried determination, to cooperate in support of constitu- 
tional Govermant. In the firm belief that the true happiness of 
the People at Large is indissolubly connected with the unmolested 
Enjoyment of this inestimable Blessing & that Reverence & Sub- 
mission to the Laws are our great Security, as well as the bright- 
est Ornaments in the character of good Citizens 

To the Inhabitants of the Town 
Friends & Fellow Citizens 

The Inhabitants of the 

Town of Boston can never remaine the unconserned Spectators 
of the distress and calamity of their Fellow Cityziens in any part 
of the Commonwealth your generous Friendship to us Evidenced 
as well by your Liberal donations as Otherwise, when we were 
peculiarly Suffering in the great Cause of our Country can never 
fail to warm our hearts with the highest Sentiments of Friendship 
for you ; and we are perswaded that the Exertions we were then 
called to make for our own common Safety, have got a place in 
your kind remembrance [528.] Thus united as we conceive in 
Sentement, and Affection as well as in Interest with that cordial- 
lity, which must and ever will Subsist amongst a Virtuous and 
enlightned People in a free Country we take the Liberty to Ad- 
dress you as those Commotions which have two widley Spread 
within the Commonwealth you will Suffer us to reason on this 
Occasion with a freedom which is the part of sincere Friendship ; 
for we do Assure you that our Country can never feel a Political 
or civil evil, which we will not Chearfully bear a part of untill 
our Joint Exertions can obtain a Constitutional Redress We do 
not conceive it to be our duty to decide, whether the greviances 
mentioned by the Conventions in some of the Counties in the 
State really exist, or not ; but we beg leave to Submit it, dispas- 
sionate, and candid decision, whether if they have a real Exist- 
ance the Tumultious Methods Adopted by some Assemblies of 



BOSTON TOWN PIECORDS, 1786. 127 

Men within the Goverment are proper Measures to Obtain a Re- 
dress. When we dissolved our conexion with the EmpL-e of 
Britain, we then (politically speaking) had it in our election to 
remaine in a State of Nature or to ordain for ourselves such form 
of Goverment, as we chose, we were then in a State recognized 
by the first Article of the decleration of Rights free and equal, and 
nothing but our own voluntary consent, given in a Solemn Com- 
pact, could [529.] reduce us to a form of civil Goverment it 
required no great share of Wisdom however to discern, that unless 
we threw ourselves into that State, we could Neither defend 
ourselves against a foreign invasion or be preserved from the 
depredations of wicked and abandoned Men Amongst ourselves, 
therefore the People inhabiting the Territory called the Prov- 
ince of Massachusetts Bay by a voluntary Affection formed a 
Solem Compact, and in a Solem Appeal to the great Legis- 
lator of the universe, the whole People convenated with each 
Citizen and Each Citezen with the whole People to be governed 
by certain known and Established Laws for the common good & 
Security, of all by the same solemn compact, the powers of Legis- 
lation, and the Authority for due Execution of the Laws were 
provided, and Established and we then did, and as yet do con- 
ceive that all was alone with such caution, and restrictions that 
no Man or body of Men, who shall Oppress or invade the rights 
of the smallest Individual, can express with impunity in the same 
compact, the People solemnly agreed, to support the Constitution 
for the space of fifteen years, and made Ample provision for the 
revision df it, at the end of that Period if it should then be 
thought necessary, their is no officer Either high or low within 
the Commonwealth [53O.] who does not derive his whole 
Authority from the People, and who is not amenable to a proper 
& Adaquate tribunal for his Conduct There are indeed evils 
which are common to the whole human Race, founded in the 
depravity an imperfections of Mankind and there are others the 
unhappy lot of some Countries arising from their situation, or the 
deep revolted habits of the people possessing them, both which 
are alike incapable of being cured by any Acts of Goverment, or 
exertions of human Power; but must be left to the Accedents 
and Changes of time for a remidy ; should corrupt, and dissigning 
Men inflame the Spirits of the People, to demand of their Rulers 
the removal of such evils, their own reflections would sooner or 
later point them to their Mistake. If greviances have arisen in 
the Goverment, surely the Voice of the People may be taken 



128 CITY DOCUMENT. 

without flying to Arms : and no one can wish to dissolve our 
happy Constitution unless Another is substituted in its place ; for 
a State of Anarchy is to be dreaded Above all other Calamities, 
because theire is no evil which it does not involve but to us as we 
shall take leave by and by to submit to your consideration conse- 
quences would flow from such a State, which would Cause each 
true American within the Commonwealth, ever to regret, that he 
had ever tasted the Sweets of evil freedom. 



[END OF BOOK SEVEN.] 



[CONTINUED IN BOOK EIGHT.] 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. 129 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS. 



[EIGHTH BOOK.] 



[1.] If the Citizens of the State Labor under Greivances 
which can be redressed by the Acts of the Legislature, we conceive 
that their Priviledges in this case, can never be enlarged, for the 
General Court are chosen Annually by the People & though in 
one Year, our Complaints are not Attended to, Yet we can in the 
next Election ; place Men in power who will Answer our reason- 
able expectations, and we are constrained to say, that we are 
ignorant of the Time, when the Representatives of the People in 
this State, have not duly Attended to the Instructions of their 
Constituents, some Towns have Indeed, given instructions con- 
trary to the Sentements of the Majority in the State and they 
therefore have not succeeded, but is not this Always the case, 
where, in society the Compact is, for the Minority to submit to 
the Majority? let the Majority be ever so much in the wrong, is 
there Any remedy within the reach of Nature, compatible with 
the Ideas of Society, and Goverment to say the Majority shall 
not Govern, is saying either, that we will reduce Ourselves to a 
State of Nature, reject the Ideas of civil Liberty, Establish a des- 
potism, and be subject to the Sovereign Pleasure of one Man. 
We then beg You to consider whether instructing Our Represent- 
atives who serve us in the Legislature is not our great remedy 
against any ills we Suffer ; and which are within the Compass of 
human power to redress. As we have taken leave to hint to you 
the Mode in which, under the Goverment Established by our 
common consent, we conceive all grievances ought to be reme- 
died ; we will now beg your Patience and Earnestly solicit your 
candor while we mention some of the consequences, which we 
think must flow from a Continuance of the present Commotions 
as an Introduction [2.] to this part of our Address, we will take 
a restrospective view of our late situation, and compare our 
present, with that in which we should have been, had not the 
noble Exertions of America, in defence of the dearest rights of 
mankind prevented it. Taxed by great Britain, unconstitution- 
ally, and illegally, the quantity demanded, was not the Object of 
the important stand then made, but the obvious intention, of 



130 CITY DOCUMENT. 

reducing to Absolute Slavery to a Prince on an Island, at three 
thousand Miles distance, the People of an whole Continent : de- 
manded an Opposition worthy of the blood and treasure expended 
in it. our public Assemblies in Towns, and elswhere, were pro- 
hibited : and every precaution taken to deprive us, of the enjoy- 
ment even of Social Pity, and joint complaint a standing Army, 
cruelly hostile as well from their deep rooted prejudices, as 
the sanguinary nature of their Errand, supported at our own Ex- 
pence, was employ 'd, to prostitute us before each haughty Minion 
who chose to insult or plunder us, where then was the dignity of 
Man ! and where, had they succeded, could the Heaven born ideas 
of Civil freedom be Entertained ; even a Sigh for the sweets of 
Liberty, icould have been treason,' how reverse of this is our now 
happy situation ! subjected to no Laws but such as are made by 
a Legislature of our own election Agreeably to the form of Gov- 
erment Established by our own consent, taxed by our own Repre- 
sentatives only, and controuled by no Authority but what is de- 
rived from ourselves While we contended for a Jewell of this 
immense value, still invaded on every side by the Scourging Arm 
of despotism ; how solemnly did we Appeal to that Being, who 
sees the inmost recesses of our hearts, and how sacredly did we 
pledge [3.] our Lives, and fortunes to each other, and to our 
Congress, in the glorious Contest & shall we now Accomplish 
the wishes, and fulfill the prediction of our Enemies, in meanly 
receding from all our engagements. It is possible that any con- 
siderate man should suppose, that we as a people ought to, or 
can be Exempted from the calamities, and difficulties incident to 
human Life? were we not at all times aware that there is no 
Medium between a State of Government and a State of Nature, 
and that the latter at all times is a State of Warfare, where no 
man has a property in even the produce of his own Labor but 
only a precarious possession, maintained by force? or did any 
among us vainly believe, that we could enjoy the blessings of Gov- 
erment without an expence Attending it ? as well might they Ex- 
pect that the Earth would yield her fruits without tillage, and 
that Man could subsist without Labor & pain the unalterable 
Laws of Nature have fixed it, that the path to political, public 
or private happiness is directed Alone through industry and 
frugality, and we surely ought to submit to the common lot of 
humanity, without repining because it is one of the first dictates 
of religion, We are very sensible that the habits of Luxury con- 
tracted in the Late War ; from the vast quantity of Goods im- 
ported, and the too great profusion of Money together with 
receiving, and giving unlimitted Credit have involved many fami- 
lies in distress, and have much diminished our Ability for paying 
those Just debts contracted in the day of our distress, As the 
price of our freedom, [4.] but shall we because Many of us are 
now distressed Entail Ruin upon our Posterity ; let us lay aside 
the destructive fashions and expensive superfluities of the day, 
be sober, temperate and industrious, and by the blessings of 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1786. 131 

propitious Heaven we shall soon retrieve our circumstances, and 
Establish our public Credit. When we consider the Nature of 
the present commotions, it presents to us the very important 
question whether we shall exist as a Nation upon the Earth ? for 
we are by no means ignorant, that Congress by our Consent, and 
to our inexpressible Joy, & Satisfaction procured from our 
Allies, A loan of Specie the Interest whereof, we are Obliged 
Annually to discharge : the Shutting up the Courts of Justice pre- 
venting the due Execution of the Laws and Arresting the Collec- 
tion of Public Taxes Anihilates our Goverment, and loudly pro- 
claims to our foreign Creditors, their Total insecurity should 
their Patience, and Lenity supported by a hope of our reclaiming 
ourselves, and correcting our Error, keep their Sword in the 
Sheath, yet we may have an Enemy, who will Embrace the un- 
lucky Moment, should their ever be one, when he finds us with- 
out RESOURCES, without Credit and without an Ally, and deeply 
revenge himself, for the disgrace his Arms have sustained. Were 
there any among us so depraved, as to wish to return to the 
Domination of great Britain, they may easily perceive that the 
Nations of Europe, would never permit such a Union of Power ; 
but divide us Amongst them. Our feelings would indeed on such 
an Occasion point us to a remedy perhaps less disgracefull ; the 
Establishment of a [5.] domestic, instead of a foreign Despot- 
ism : supported by a standing Army, maintained by our own 
toil to awe us into such Submission that every idea of freedom, 
shall be finally and totally Eradicated. When we have seen the 
Patriot close his Eyes in death, with gratitude, and rapture 
committing his posterity to the Arms of Liberty shall we see 
others Agonising in their last moments, at yeilding their Chil- 
dren to the chains of Vassalage ? forbid it that Spirit of free- 
dom which has so long, annimated and enlightened America ! 
forbid it Heaven. Finding that his Excellency the Governor, pur- 
suant to the duties of his Office by Advice of Council, has called 
upon all the good People of the State to lend their Aid, in pre- 
venting the impending ruin we can do no less than to recognize 
Anew our Solemn Engagements to support the Goverment we 
have so lately, and deliberately Established and we feel ourselves 
Assured, that our Numerous well Affected fellow Citizens in 
every Town will shew their readiness to join in an Effort, so 
clearly pointed out, as the first duty in Society. We are con- 
vinced that the present disturbances, arise from British Emis- 
saries residing Among us, whose every wish is for our Overthrow 
and ruin, or from the Machinations, of Wicked, and unprincipled 
Men who seek their own Emoluments to the destruction of their 
Country, or from a Combination of both : but though many of our 
fellow Citizens, are deceived by them ; and betrayed into a dan- 
gerous Mistake, yet we trust that they will on recollection, Spurn 
from their Councils such base and infamous Men ; and that a care- 
ful discrimination will be made in every Town, between those 
who are and those who are not for the support of a Goverment 



132 CITY DOCUMENT. 

no less Necessary, to the happiness, than to the security, [6.] of 
the Lives Liberty, and properties of the people. Fellow Citizens. 
We now intreat you by the Mutual ties of friendship, and Affec- 
tion by the Sacred compact which holds us in one Society by the 
blood of our Brethren Shed to Obtain our freedom by the tender 
regard we feel for our rising Offspring Claiming freedom from 
our hands as their Inheritance, by the grant of Heaven to use 
your endeavours that redress of greviances be sought for in, A 
constitutional and Orderly way only : and we pledge ourselves to 
join our Exertions with yours in the same way, to Obtain redress 
for any such as do really exist 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

[7.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhabitants, 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in Public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall December 11 A. D. 
1786. 10 OClock before Noon 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read 

Isaac Smith Esq r : 
chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote 

The Meeting being Attended by very few of the Inhabitants, 
it was moved & Voted, that it be Adjourned to Tuesday the 12 th 
Ins* : 10 O'Clock A : M : Met according to Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant relative to the State of the Alms 
house, was read & considered whereupon 

Voted, that John Lucas Esq r . 

Josiah Waters Esq r . 

Col. Bradford 

Cap 1 . Soams 

John R. Sigorney 

Gibbins Sharp 

Deacon Simpkins ' 

M r . John Parker 

Cap*. Mongo Mackay 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to procure hands to 
the following Subscription Viz*. 

Whereas the Poor in the Almshouse are suffering for Want of 
Bread & the Subscribers in order for their Relief, promise to pay 
the Sums [8.] Affixed to our several Names, upon being served 
with Receipts therefor from the Town Treasurer as part of the 
Tax due from us to the Town 

The Article in the Warrant relative to Beacon Hill was 
read & considered whereupon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1787. 133 

Voted, that it be Left to the Selectmen to treat About the s d . 
Land & Report at March Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

[9.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in Public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 12 th 
Day of March Anno Domini 1787. 10 Clock Forenoon 

Prayer was made by the Rev cl . M r : Everett 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws enjoyned to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly - - - read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, and the same being brought 
in and sorted 

It Appeared that the 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r : 
was chosen 

William Cooper Esq r : 

was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing and took the Oath 
of Office for the faithfull discharge of his duty, which Oath was 
Administered to him by M r . Justice Price & the Oath of Al- 
ligance which was Administered by Samuel Barrett Esq r 

The Town having determined by a Vote to choose Nine Select- 
men the Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw & bring in 
their Votes for [1O.] that Number, and the same being brought 
in and sorted it Appeared that the following Gentelmen Viz 1 . 

John Scollay Esq r . 
Harbottle Dorr Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
John Brown Esq r . 
Cap*. Edward Tyler 
M r . John Andrews 

M r . Moses Grant excused 

M r . William Cunningham - - excused 
Thomas Walley 
were chosen Selectmen for y e . Year ensuing 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P. M 

3 O'Clock Met according to Adjournment 

The Inhabitants, were directed to withdraw and bring in their 



134 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Votes for twelve Overseers of the Poor, and the Votes having 
been brought in sorted, it Appeared that 

The Hon ble : William Phillips Esq r . excused 
Isaac Smith Esq r . 
Jonathan Mason Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Whitwell 
John White Esq r . 
Edward Proctor Esq r . 
William Powell Esq r . 
John Sweetser Esq r . 

M r . Henry Prentice - ... excused 
M r . Jonathan L. Austin 
M r . Samuel Parkman 
M r . Edward Edes 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

[11.] The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for sixteen Fire Wards ; and the same having been 
brought in and sorted, it Appeared that 

William Cooper Esq r . 

Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . (excused) 

Edward Proctor Esq r . 

M r . John Lowell 

M r . Thomas Tileston 

Thomas Melvill Esq r . 

M r . John Winthrop 

Jabez Hatch Esq r . 

Cap*. John Ballard 

Andrew Syms Esq r . 

M r . Joseph Clark 

M r . Jacob Rhodes 

Samuel Brick Esq r . 

M r . Henry Bass 

Col. John May 

Paul D. Sergant Esq r . 
were chosen Fire Wards for the Year ensuing. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. To consider the Proposals to 
the Honourable John Hancock Esq r . that a Committee may be 
Appointed to confer with him, relative to an Exchange of Prop- 
erty claimed by him on Beacon Hill, for the House called the 
Granary, and the Spot of Land on which it stands" was read 
whereupon moved & Voted that 

James Sullivan Esq r . 
Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
John Scollay P^sq r . 
Edward Payne Esq r . 
Hob ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1787. 135 

be a Committee to confer with M r . Hancock relative to the same, 
& they are directed to Report as soon as may be 

The Votes being brought in for a Clerk of Fanuiel Hall Market, 
upon sorting them it Appeared that 

M r . Matthew Nazro 
was chosen Clerk of said Market 

The Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes for a 
Town Treasurer and upon sorting them it appeared that 

M r . Peter Boyer 

was chosen Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing who took 
the Oath of Office & the Oath of Alligance which were Admin- 
istered by the Town Clerk ----- 

Votes, for a Treasurer of y e . County of Suffolk brought in, and 
counted by the Moderator & Town Clerk when it Appeared that 
the whole number was three hundred seventy Nine & that they 
were all for M r . Alexander Hodgdon a discreet suitable Person 
being a Freeholder & Resident in the same County 

On the Representation of the Overseers of the Poor. Moved that 
a Committee, be Appointed to confer with the Overseers, relative 
to the Annual Expence of the Alms House & to lay a Statement 
thereof before the Town also to devise ways and means for de- 
fraying said Expence & to Report as soon as may be 

Voted, that Hon ble : James Sullivan 

Thomas Walley Esq r . 

[13.] Nathaniel Appletou Esq r . 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The Article relative to the choise of Wardens read whereupon 
Moved, that the consideration of the choise of "Wardens be refered 
to the Meeting of this Town that may be called next After the 
setting of the General Court in May next - - - - 

And the Question being Accordingly put Passed in the 
Affermative 

Mess 18 : James Thompson 
Thomas Bayley 
Benjamin Henderson 
Charles Williams 

were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing & took & 
signed the Oaths prescribed by Law which Oaths were Admines- 
tred by the Town Clerk 

Adjourned till to Morrow Morning 



136 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Tuesday 10'OClock A M. Met According to Adjournment 

The Petition of William Davis read whereupon, Voted, that 
the Selectmen be & hereby are instructed & impowered to Ap- 
point a Referre, or Refferees to meet with such Referre or Ref- 
ferees as may be Appointed by the Heirs of the late D r . William 
Davis upon the Subject of the said Petition & to Abide by the 
Award or determination of the s d . Referres in behalf of the Town 
N B M r . William Davis one of the Heirs aforesaid, was present 
in the Meeting & agreed on the Part ot the Heirs aforesaid, to 
abide by said determination 

[14.] Voted, that the Above Vote be reconsidered, And the 
Petitioner has leave to withdraw his Petition. 

The Town having determined that five Assessors should be 
chosen the Inhabitants as directed withdrew & brought in their 
Votes accordingly & upon sorting them it Appeared that 

Mess rs : William Lowder 

Gyles Harris 

William Fleet 

Moses May 

Samuel Ruggles 

were chosen Assessors for the Year ensuing & took & signed 
Oaths According to Law. Oaths Administered by the Town 
Clerk 

Voted, that the Allowance to the Assessors be six Shillings *$ 
Day for the time they may set in doing the buisness of their 
Office 

Voted, that four per cent be Allowed and hereby is allowed to 
the Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing for all such Sums 
of Money & public Securities as they shall Collect and pay into 
the several Treasuries of the Sums committed to them to Collect 
within ten Months from the Receipt of the Tax Books, and three 
Per Cent on all such other Sums, as shall Afterward, be Col- 
lected, Also that such Collector shall give Bond with sufficient 
Sureties to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful dis- 
charge of their Duty in said Office and complying with this Vote ; 
and that they will not receive Any Premium or Gratuity for dis- 
counting any Order, Note or Receipts from the Treasurer of the 
State or the Treasurer of the Town 

[15.] M r . Grant & M r . Cunningham having declined serving 
a Selectman the present Year 3. O'Clock P. M. Assigned for 
filling up the Vacancies. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1787. 137 

to M r . Moses Grant & M r . William Cunningham for their faith- 
full Services, as Selectmen the last Year 
Voted, that The Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 

Isaack Smith Esq r . 

Edward Payne Esq r . 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 

Thomas Dawes Jun r . Esq r . 

be a Committee to Estimate what Sums will be Necessary to be 
raised by the Town, for the Expencies of the Current Year, As 
Also to consider, what Sums will be proper to Allow the Several 
Salary Men for their Services the present Year, Also to devise 
ways & Means for the discharge of y e . Arrearages due to the 
School Masters & the more punctual payment of their Salarys in 
future. 

Moved & Voted, that the Election of Surveyors of Boards & 
Staves be by Ballot & that the choise come on After the Select- 
men 

M r . William M c Neil 
chosen Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing 

Mess rs : Benjamin White 
Edmund Ranger 
James Ridgway 
Andrew Townsande Jun r . 
William Todd 
were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 

[16.] Mess 1 *: John Fenno Jun r . declines 

William Billings 
Thomas Bradley 
Sam 1 . Bangs 
Nathan Green 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing 

Mess rs : Adam Colson 

Abraham Adams 
were chose Informer of Deer for the Year ensuing 

Mess : John Skinner 
George Hamlin 
William Sharp 
William Billings 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

Mess re : George Hamlin 
Samuel Curtis 
John Skinner 
for North Department 
were chose Haywards for the Year ensuing 



138 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Mess : Thomas Green 

John Skinner 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing 

Mess : John White Esq r . 

John Sweetser Esq r . 
were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that M r . Herman Brimmer 
Edward Payne Esq r . 
Joseph Russell Jun r . 

M r . Alexander Hill 

M r . William Parsons 

[17.] be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to Audit the 
Accompts of the Town Treasurer & also the Accompts of the 
Overseers of the Poor, and that they make Report at the Next 
March Meeting ; and the said Committee are desired to Report 
from time to time a State of the Treasury and on Any Matters 
relating to the Treasurey or Overseers of the Poor, which they 
may think proper, and the said Committee are also desired to ex- 
amine the Draughts of the Selectmen, and the Vouchers for the 
same and if is further Voted, that Interest be Allowed to such of 
the Overseers of the Poor as shall Advance Money for the Use of 
the Poor, from the expiration of the Year untill paid 

M r . Tilestons Petition read & 

committed to the Committee to prepare an Estimate & devise 
ways means &c. and to report as soon as may be 

Adjourned to 3 OClock P : M : 3 O'Clock P. M. Met Accord- 
ing to Adjournment. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . Whether the Selectmen shall 
be Authorized to execute Deeds of certain Lands in order to be 
sold or near on the Neck - - - was read ------ 

- - - Whereupon 

Voted, That whereas the Selectmen in pursuance of a Vote of 
this Town of the Fifth of April 1785. have made certain Agree- 
ments touching Lands mentioned in said Vote and have made 
certain Deeds of part of said Lands and promised further 
Deeds of Other Parts of said Lands 

[18.] Therefore Voted, that the Deeds already made as 
aforesaid be & hereby are confirmed and also that the Selectmen 
be & they are hereby Authorized to execute such further Deeds 
as may be necessary to convey all the Lands meant to be con- 
veyed in the Vote of April 5 th Above Mentioned 

Petition relative to the Moneys due to the Heirs of the late 
David Jeffries Esq r . read whereupon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1787. 139 

Voted that 

M r . Jonathan Mason Esq r . 

M r . Alexander Hill 

M r . Alexander Hodgdon 

be a committee to take the Petition into consideration & Report 
as soon as may be what may be proper to be done thereon 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their 
Votes for two Selectmen and the same being brought in and 
sorted it Appeared that 

Deacon William Boardman 

M r . Ebenezer Sever see Page 10 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing and took the Oath 
enjoined by Law which were Administred by the Town Clark to 
them & the Other Selectmen 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for twelve Constables, 
and the same being sorted it Appeared that 

Mess 18 : William Cooper the 2 d . 

Samuel Smith 

John M c Lane 

Sam 1 . Whitney 
[19.] Pool Spear 

Shubael Hewes 

Benjamin Homans 

John Butterfield 

James Williams 

Francis Booth 

John Bosson 

James Perkins 
were chose Constables for the Year ensuing 

The following Persons were chose Clerks of the Market for the 
Year ensuing 

Mess : Caleb Gibbs 

Thomas Englisn 
Nath 1 . Bethune 
James Price Jun r . 
Charles Bulfinch 
William Deblois 
James Lovel Jun r . 
Samuel Cabot 
James Perkins Jun r . 
Andrew Hall 
Samuel Williams Jun r . 
Isaac Winslow 

The Petition of Richard Salter one of the late Collector Grays. 
Bondsmen read whereupon 



140 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Voted, that Alexander Hill 

Joseph Russell Jun r . 

Joseph Greenleaf Esq r . 

be a Committee to take this Petition into Consideration & Report 
what is proper to be done thereon at the Adjournment 

[2O.] Mess re : Joseph Ballard 

Henry Blaisdel 

John Champney 

Benjamin Page 

Joseph Ayres 

Benjamin White 

Abraham Howard 

Clement Collins 

Joshua Bently 

Samuel Dyer 

James Rogers 

Edmund Ranger 
were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing 

Mess 1 " 8 : Job Wheelwright 
Joshua Pico 
Manassah Marston 
Arthur Langford 
John Owen 
Caleb Hayden 
Joseph Basset 

The Consideration of the Boundary Line refered to the Ad- 
journment 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby are given 
to the Hon ble . William Phillips Esq r . for his faithful Services as 
Overseer of the Poor a Number of Years. 

Adjourned to Tuesday next the 20 th Instant 10 OClock 



Tuesday the 20 th Day of March 10 OClock Forenoon 
Met According to Adjournment 

M r . Henry Prentice having excused himself from serving as an 
Overseer of the Poor the ensuing Year 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to Cap*. Henry Prentice for his faithful Services as Overseer of 
the Poor for several Years past 

Upon the Report of the Committee Appointed to prepare an 
Estimate &c 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1787. 141 

Voted, that said Committee be desired to make Report at the 
May Meeting the Above Vote reconsidered 

Joshua Henshaw Esq r : Appointed one of the Committee on the 
late Treasurer Jeffries Esq p . Executors Petition in the room of 
M r . Hill who declined serving ; & said Committee are desired to 
Report at May Meeting 

The Committee on M r . Hancocks Petition are desired to Report 
at May Meeting 

The Question being put Viz 1 , whether the Town will Act upon 
the Article in the Warrant relative to choosing a Representative 
for the Remainder of the Year in the room of Leonard Jarvis 
Esq r : passed in the Negative 

The Committee Appointed to confer with the Overseers of the 
Poor relative to the Annual expence of the Alms House, and to 
lay a State before the Town Also to devise ways and means for 
defraying the [22.] Expence in future Report as follows that 
they find the Annual Expence to be about three thousand Pounds, 
that several of the Overseers have since the Year 1780, Ad- 
vanced their own Money to defrey a part of the said Charges, and 
ought to have the interest of such Sums as they have Advanced 
paid them as soon as possible, and that the Town ought to Adopt 
some sure & Special Plan for defreying the expence of the Alms 
House in future And the Committee thereupon Submit the fol- 
lowing form of a Vote to the Consideration of the Town Voted, 
that the Sum of three thousand pounds be raised to defrey the 
expence of the Alms House for the present Year : And that 
Eighteen hundred pounds thereof be Assessed in the Manner fol- 
lowing Viz*. the Assessors when they Assess the Town Tax 
shall make a Special & Seperate Colum, in the rate list, and 
therein set down as much per Centum proportionally on Each 
Persons Tax as shall in the whole Amount to the said Sum of 
eighteen hundred pounds, and that the Collectors shall receive 
the Sums contained in said Colum in Specie only, and the same 
shall be paid into the Town Treasurey & sacredly Appropriated 
to the support of the Towns Poor & the payment of Interest due 
to the Overseers, for Moneys Advanced by them for the use of 
the Poor. 

James Sullivan ^ Order 

The aforegoing Report having been Considered, the Question 
being put Viz*. Whether said Report shall be Accepted & passed 
in the Affermative 

[23.] The Vote relative to the Committee to prepare an 
Estimate and to Report at May Meeting reconsidered, and said 
Committee are desired to Report at the Adjournment the 1 s * Mon- 
day of April next 3 O Clock 



142 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Moved & Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned it 
shall be to the I 8t Monday of April next 3 O Clock M. P. 

Mess 18 . Edward Burt 
Cap*. Joseph Loring 
M r . John Bray 
M r . Lemuel Gardner 
M r . Henry Purket 

were chose Cullers of Staves & Hoops for the Year ensuing 
see page 20 

The Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . having declined serving as a 
Fire Ward 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon Me : Caleb Davis Esq r . for his faithful Services as a Fire 
Ward for a JS umber of Years past 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . (declined) 
Henry Hill Esq r . 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

The Selectmen 
were chosen Surveyors of High Ways for the Year ensuing 

M r . Ebenezer Hancock 
was chose a Fire Ward for the Year ensuing 

Adjourned to 3 O Clock P M 
3 O Clock P : M : Met According to Adjournment 

Adjourned to 4 O Clock 
[24.] Met According to Adjournment 4 O'Clock P. M. 

The Committee relative to Olivers Dock Reported as follows 
Viz 1 . 

The Selectmen together with Judge Sullivan being Appointed' 
a Committee to examine into the encroachments Apprehended to 
be made upon the Towns Land on & near Olivers Dock, have ex- 
amined the circumstances respecting the same & find that M r . 
Woodwards claim to a right in Olivers Dock, is in their Opinion 
without foundation the Property of the same being vested in 
the Town, and never by them convey' d to any Other Person - - - 
And that M r . Fowle by permision from the Selectmen now im- 
proves a Part of the Drain belonging to the Town, by running a 
floor over the same till such time as the Town may order Other 
ways or receive an Adequate rent for the same 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1787. 143 

The Report aforesaid having been read. Moved & Voted, that 
the 1 st part of the Report be taken up & the same having been 
considered Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby are directed 
& itnpowered to Maintain & defend the Rights of the Town to 
Olivers Dock so called Against the Claims of Any Person or 
Persons whatsoever then the 2 d part of the Report was taken 
up & considered whereupon Voted, that the same be Accepted by 
the Town. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. "Whether the Town Approve 
of a proposed new Boundary Line to be run between Boston and 
Roxbury, Agreeable to a plan which will be laid before the 
Town " was read [25.] Whereupon Voted, that the Town 
Approve of the Boundary Line as Agreed upon by the Selectmen 
of the Town of Roxbury & Boston provided that by their joint 
Application to the General Court they can Obtain a Confirmation 
of the same ------- 

The Committee relative to M r . Thompson's Land near Beacon 
Hill Report verbally that M r . Thompson is willing to sell the 
Town the Land he owns contiguous to the North west side of 
Beacon Hill at such a price as any two Persons Appointed by the 
Selectmen & himself say it is reasonably worth ------ 

whereupon Voted, that the Consideration of this Report be sus- 
pended 

Moved & Voted, that the Committee Appointed to confer with 
M r . Hancock on his Claim to Part of Beacon Hill be further 
instructed to examine into & ascertain the Estate which the Town 
hath in that Hill from its Base to the Summit & Also to State 
the different Claims of all Persons to Any Part of the same & to 
Report a Plan of the Town's Right & Any Other Person to the 

said Hill - and that William Tudor Esq r . be 

Added to said Committee 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are impowered & 
directed to set for such Abatements of Taxes as they shall Judge 
reasonable two Days in each Week After the Delivery of the 
Tax Bills to the Collectors for the space of Six Weeks, and no 
longer, saving that they be Allowed to set the last Week in 
February Lords Days excepted for the Abatement of the Taxes 
of such Persons as had not an Opportunity of Applying in the 
Above limitted time by reason of [26.] Their being out of the 
Commonwealth, or any Other unavoidable hindrance. And that 
the Assessors determine upon the said two Days, which is to be 
noted on the Tax Bills to be delivered the Inhabitants 

Voted, that the Selectmen be Impowered & directed to continue 
the Suit commenced Against the late Collector Grays Bondsmen 
to July term 



144 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Article in tbe Warrant Viz 4 . Whether the Town will take 
further Measures for the Sale of the Land and Wharff at the 
North Battery " - - - - was read and considered whereupon 
Voted, that the Selectmen be impowered to make Sale of said 
Battery by Auction unless it can be disposed of by private Sale 
& that they be Authorized and impowered to Give & execute 
good & Sufficient Deeds, for the same conditioned that none of 
the Stones be removed & that the Pier be kept in good Repaire & 
that the Selectmen be also impowered to Agree that any Publick 
Securities of this Commonwealth be received in payment 

Adjourned to Monday April 2 d . 
3. O'Clock P. M. 

At a legal Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston in Fanuiel Hall Assembled March 20 th A. D. 
1787 3 O'Clock P. M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 
chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. 

to consider the request of Joseph Palmer Esq 1 '. that the Town 
would sell the Fee of the Land lying on the Easterly side of Bos- 
ton Neck for the purpose of setting up several sets of Large 
Works for making Bay & White Salt was read whereupon 

[27.] Voted, that Mess : Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 

Thomas Dawes Jun r . Esq r . 

Nath 1 . Barber Esq r . 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . 

M r . Samuel Parkman 

be a Committee to take this Article and the Representation of 
M r . Palmer into consideration and report what is best to be done 
thereon at the Adjournment of March Meeting the 2 d Day of 
April 3 O Clock P. M. 

then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
of twenty One Years of Age & Upwards qualified as the Con- 
stitution prescribes & legally warned in public Town Meeting 
Assembled at Fanuiel Hall on Monday the 2 Day of April Anno 
Domini 1787 9 O Clock A: Mi- 
Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Eliot 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1787. 145 

Paragraph of the Constitution or Frame of Goverment, relative 
i,o choise of Governors and Senators, also read 

It was declared by the Selectmen no Vote would be received 
but such as are unfolded, & that they propose the Poll shall be 
closed at 12 O'Clock 

On a Motion Voted, that the Bells in the Town be set a tolling 
an Hour before 12 O'Clock 

[28.] Persons Voted, for as Governor with the Number of 
Votes for each Person Viz*. 

Votes 

His Excellency James Bowdoin Eaq r . ------- 724 

Hon ble : John Hancock Esq r . --- ,775 

Persons Voted for as Lieu*. Governor with the Number of 
Votes for each Person ------ Viz*. 

Votes 

His Honor Thomas Gushing Esq r . -------- 880 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 179 

Hon ble : Benjamin Lincoln Esq r . ---------424 

Hon ble : Tristam Dalton Esq r . ----- 1 

Persons Voted for as Senators for the County of Suffolk with 
the number of Votes for each Person Viz*. 

Votes 

His Honor Thomas Gushing Esq r . 460 

Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 1373 

Hon ble . William Phillips Esq r . 1101 

Hon ble . Cotton Tufts Esq r . 1463 

Hon ble . Stephen Metcalf Esq r . 1395 

Hon ble . John Lowell Esq r . 442 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . 1017 

Hon ble : Richard Cranch Esq r . 47 

Hon ble : Benjamin Austin Esq r . -* - - 407 

Hon ble : Jabez Fisher Esq r . - - - - 677 

Hon ble : John Hancock Esq r . - 3 

Hon we . William Heath Esq r . 280 

Hon ble : Benjamin Lincoln Esq r . 8 

John Read Esq r . 15 

Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . 3 

Hon ble : Eben r : Wales Esq r . 2 

Hon ble : Stephen Higginson Esq r . -------- i 

[29.] Joshua Henshaw Esq r . - 3 

Hon ble . James Warren Esq r . ----- 4 

Theophilus dishing Esq r . 4 

M r . Richard Gridldey 1 

D r . John Metcalf 2 

Christopher Gore Esq r . 1 



146 CITY DOCUMENT, 

Votes 

Hon ble . Jonathan Jackson 1 

John C. Jones Esq r . 1 

Samuel Breck Esq r . 1 

Joseph Barrel Esq r . - 1 

Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as Governor Lieu*. 
Governor and Senators for the County of Suffolk, were committed 
to the Secretary of this Commonwealth & the luclosures sealed 
up in Town Meeting Superscribed as follows Viz*. 
For 

John Avery Esq r . 
Secretary of the Commonwealth 

of Massachusetts 

The Number of Votes for the Town of Boston for a Governor 
Lieu*. Governor & Six Senators for the County of Suffolk, Cer- 
tifyed within & sealed up in Town Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

[3O.] Adjournment of March Meeting_ 

April 2 d . 3 O Clock P : M : Met According to Adjournment 

On a Motion Adjourned to Thursday next 10 O Clock. A : M 
April 5 th . 9 O Clock A : M, Met According to Adjournment 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . Acquainted the Town that he declines 
serving as an Overseer 

The Committee to Report an Estimate & Reported whereupon 
Moved & Voted, that this Report be recommitted 

Voted, that the Committee Appointed to Audit Town Treasurers 
Accounts &c - - - - be Notified by the Town Clerk that 
they were directed to make Report at the Adjournment 

The Committee Appointed to consider General Palmers Peti- 
tion praying that the Town would sell him the fee of certain 
Lands on Boston Neck for the Salt Manufacture, beg Leave to 
Report 

That as the Town have only the reversion of said Lands After 
the expiration of a long lease, and as After that Lease, said 
Lands may probably, be settled with Inhabitants to the great 
benefit & ornament of the Town, and further, as General Palmer, 
by his own declaration is under the Necessity of having upwards 
of Twenty Acres if any, and can Obtain Other Lands, which 
will promote his Manufacture & Answer his purposes nearly as 
well as those petitioned for The Committee are of Opinion that 
for the Above and many other reasons it is not for the Interest of 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1787. 147 

the Town to sell their [31.] said Lands According to the Prayer 
of said Petition 

Nath 1 . Appleton 
Boston 2 d April 1787 f Order 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their 
Votes for an Overseer of the Poor and the same being brought in 
& sorted it Appeared that 

John Codman Jun r . 
was chose Overseer of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

Adjourned to Friday the 13 Ins* : 3 O Clock. P. M. - - - - 

Friday April 13 th 3 O Clock P. M Met According to Ad- 
journment 

M r . John Cade, was chosen a Constable for the Year ensuing 

The Question was put Viz* Whether the lighting of the Lamps 
shall be discontinued from the 1 st of May next till further Orders 
Passed in the Affirmative 

Moved and Voted, that the Constables be requested to walk the 
Streets of this Town on the Lords Day, Agreeable to a former 
practice, taking with them some of the Inhabitants on Those 
Walks ; as a means to prevent disorder on the Sabbath more 
especially in the time of Divine servise 

Moved and Voted, that the Committee Appointed in March 
1786 to -Audit the Accounts of Town Treasurer, Selectmen & 
Overseers of the Poor, & on all other Matters, be directed to 
Report the 1 st Day of the May Meeting 

[33.] Moved and Voted, that the Town reconsider their 
Votes of March 1787 & discontinue the Committee Appointed 
by said Vote to Audit the Accounts of the Town Treasurer Select- 
men & Overseers of the Poor 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to lay their Drafts for 
the present Year the Town Treasurer his Accounts, and the Over- 
seers of the Poor their Accounts before the Town at the next 
Meeting. 

Moved, & Voted, that all Matters & Things unfinished at this 
Meeting be refered over to the General Town Meeting in May 
next 

Then the Meeting 
was Dissolved 



148 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[33.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Fanuiel Hall on Tuesday the 8 th Day 
of May Anno Domini 1787 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Clark 
Warrant for calling the Meeting ... read 

That part of the Constitution or Frame of Goverment which 
relates to the choise of Representatives read 

Sundry Laws to be read at said Meeting were Accordingly 
-------- read 



The Town having determined to choose Seven Persons to Rep- 
resent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to be held at 
the State House at Boston on the last Wednesday of May Cur- 
rent, Agreeably to the Constitution or Frame of Goverment for the 
Massachusetts - - - The Inhabitants were directed to with- 
draw and bring in their Votes for seven Representatives and then 
it was declared by the Selectmen that no Vote should be received 
but such as were unfolded and that they propose the Poll should 
be closed at 12 O Clock The Inhabitants were directed After 
giving in their Votes to remain in the Hall till the Poll is closed 

The Votes being brought in for seven Representatives, the 
number of the same were found to be Six hundred & thirty. 
And upon sorting them it [34.] Appeared that the following 
Gentlemen were chosen by a Majority of Votes - - - - Viz*. 

Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . 382 

Hon ble : Samuel A. Otis Esq r . 600 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . - 614 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . - - 595 

Samuel Brick Esq r . 590 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . . . - - - - 570 
M r . John Winthrop 356 

The choice of Representatives being over & declared by the 
Selectmen, it was moved that a Moderator be chosen to preside 
at the Meeting for transacting the other matters mentioned in the 
Warrant 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote 

The Petition of the Constables 
whereupon Moved & Voted, that 

M r . Jeremiah Belknap 
Maj r . Ephraim May 
M r . Alexander Hill 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1787. 149 

be a Committee to consider the Petition and Report as soon as 
may be 

The Article relative to Instruction read And the Question 
was put Viz 1 . " Whether the Town will Instruct their Represen- 
tatives " - - - - Passed in the Negative 

The Committee Appointed to Audit the Accounts of the Town 
Treasurer & Reported and the same having been read & Accepted 
the Town Clerk was directed to Record the Same & hand [35.] 
said Report to the Committee Appointed to Estimate the Expen- 
ces of the Town the ensuing Year, which Committee are desired 
to make Report at the Adjournment 

The Report is as follows 

The Committee Appointed to Audit the Accounts of the Town 
Treasurey & examine the draughts of the Selectmen and Over- 
seers, report that the Treasurer Accounts are right cast and the 
Charges Well Vouched, the General State of the Treasurey is as 
follows Viz*. 
D r . 
To Ballance of the Towns Account for Or- ) O^K 

ders on the Treasurer &c j 

To Notes payable for the Treasurer Notes ) 19077 17 

to Sundry People f 

due to Sundry Creditors 558 .17 

due to the Jeffries Estate 158. 9. 8 

due for Interest part of which has been) ,.,> 
due 14 years 



18,049 ,, 4 ,, 10 



C r . 








due from sundry Persons mostly Bad - - 


356 


. 14 . 


10 


due from Savage Gray & Cudworth - - - 


632 


n *1 11 


4 




-| O 1 Q 


1 ^ 


c\ 






i > 





2307 

Charles Williams for 85 - - 103 ,, 2 ,, 6 

Ditto - - - 86 - - 914 . 19 . 10 

Benj a . Henderson - - - - 839 . 18 ,, 8 

J. Thompson 549 . 16 . 3 

T. Bayley 220 ,, 8 - 

2628 ,, 5 ,, 3 

due from the State 6471 ,, 16 . 8 

Old Continental Money on hand 

@ 75 for one the rate of which it was received 554 ,, . 9 



11,962 ,, 2 ,, 
[36.] By this Statement it Appears that the debts due from 



150 CITY DOCUMENT. 

the Town Amount to 18.049 ,, 4 . 10 and that there is Little or 
no dependance on receiving Any debts due to the Town to dis- 
charge them, those due from Former Collector's and from others 
for rents are Supposed to be Irrecoverable & those due from 
the present Collectors the Treasurer informs us will be if not 
wholly discharged by Abatements & Premiums to the Collectors 
so that there remains only the debt due from the State ; towards 
discharging these debts and the State debt Cannot be paid but 
by Orders on the Collectors which are now Selling at 8/ in the 
pound. 

The Committee have received from the Selectmen the Follow- 
ing Accounts of their Expenditures for the Year past from March 
86 to March 1787 Viz*. 
Watchmen Wages &c 707 , 2 ,, 10 



13 . 2 

14,, 5 

19 

14 

10 

18 

13 



7* 

1 

9 



4 



repairing the Towns Estate ------ 307 

repairing Engines &c -------- 104 

Paving & Gravel on the Neck - - - - 818 

Assessors Wages --------- 401 

Lamps Lamp lighters & Oil 479 

Sundrys to be paid by the State 107 

Paving & Gravel within the Town - ... 1079 

Premiums for Engine men being first at a ) 1 ~ 

Fire - j 

Schoolmasters & Ushers 1684 ,, 3 ,, 3 

Collectors of Taxes 337 ,, 19 ,, 4 

Ferry Street Wall 738 ,, 6 ,, 

Premium to Nazro for Collecting the dues | _ n 1 ,, - 

of the Market --------- j 

Printing the By Laws 78,, 15- 

Printing & Stationary 112 ,, 2 ,, 10 

[37.] Town Clark his Salary - - - - 130,, 

Ditto for Services 1783- - - 50,, 

Town Treasurer 130 ,, 

Nazro for Attending the Selectmen - - - - 50,, 

repairing Burial Place -------- 29, ,8, ,6 

Visitation of the Schools 45, ,14,, 

repairs of the Town Clocks 29, ,13,, 6 

Constables for Servises 5 ,, 2 ,, 2 

Pump at Dock Square - 2 ,, 8 ,, - 

Town Bulls 13 ,, 10 ,, - 

Ringing the Bells 32 ,, 13 ,, 9 

Fanuiel Hall Market 9,,0.10 

Visitation Deer Island 17 ,, 18 ,, 2 

Preambulation with Roxbury 5, ,9,, 

repairs Beacon Hill 57,, 17 

Storage of Powder 4 ,, 11 ,, llj 

Badges for Chimney Sweepers & Porters - - 5 ,, 18 
Hospital at West Boston to be Charged the State 14 ,, 9 ,, 6| 

Survey ing the Town Land 4, ,3,, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1787. 151 

Coals for the Selectmens Room ----- 6, ,2,, 

Expences at Town Meeting 11, ,6. 5 

Sundry Towns for sending out their Poor - - 7 ,, 9 ,, 

Clerks of the Market their Expences ... 10 ,, 



7,700 ,, 7 ,, 11 
The Amount of Selectmens draughts for 

the Last year Brought Over 7,700 . 7 ,, 11^ 

2657 ,, 12 ,, 4 of the Above Expences the 
Selectmen Suppose will not be incurred the 
Ensuing Year 

But the Committee are of Opinion that Other Expences will 
Arise to the Town perhaps to as Large an Amount as for many 
Years past ; there has been Sundry Expences, which at the time 
of Granting the Money were not in the Calculation 

[38.] The Amount of the Overseers draught 

from March 86 to March 1787 was - - 2,972 ,, 14 ,, 4 



10673 ,, 2 ,, 3j 

The Town the Last Year Voted, 7,000 a Considerable part of 
that Sum must be deducted for Abatements &c as the Treas- 
urer has paid from March 86 to May 1787 ------- 

1902 ,, 16 . 3 for Abatements and Premiums to the Collectors 
which Leaves Only About 5,000 therefore the Town is near 
6000 more in debt than they was in March 1786 besides the In- 
terest due in the 12,377 ,, 7 ,, 1 Only part of that having 
been paid the Last year - - - The Town will also see by the 
General Statement that they are Indebted 2478 ,, 7 ,, 10 for 
Interest on the Treasurers Notes for 12,377 ,, 7 ,, 1 - - part 
of which has been due 14 Years and much the Greater part from 
5. to 12 Years 

Joseph Russell Jun r . ^ Order 

Voted, that the Committee Appointed to Estimate the Sum 
Necessary to be raised to defrey the Expences of the Current 
Year, take into their consideration what Steps are necessary to 
be taken to Obtain the Debt due from the Commonwealth & 
Report the same to the Town 

Moved & Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to put 
the Bonds given by M r . Parker a late Collector for the Years 
1784 & 1785 in Suit at a Court properly Authorised to try the 
same as soon as may be 

Moved & Voted that the Town Treasurer be directed to settle 
with Col. Symms relative to What he stands indebted on the 
Town Treasurer's Books & to Report at the Adjournment 



152 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[39.] Adjourned to Wednesday 
May 16 th . 3 O'Clock P. M 

Wednesday the 16 th of May 3' O Clock Afternoon 
Met According to Adjournment 

The Committee on Constables Petition not being Able to 
Report, moved & Voted, that said Committee be desired to 
Report at next Town Meeting 

The Committee to estimate the Sum necessary to be raised to 
defray the Expenses of the present Year & to consider what Sums 
will 'be proper to grant to the several Officers in the pay of the 
Town - - - Reported, and the same being considered - - 
The Town came into the following Resolutions - - - - 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Ninety five Pounds be 
allowed & paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary the present 
Year the same to commence the 1 st . of March Ins 1 , and to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Ninety five Pounds be 
allowed & paid unto M r . Nathan Davis for his Salary the present 
Year the same to commence the 1 st . of March Ins 1 : and to be 
paid him Quarterly as it shall become due 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred & Seventy pounds, be 
allowed & paid unto M r . John Tileston for his Salary as Master 
of the North Writing School the present Year the same to be 
paid him Quarterly as it shall become due & to commence from 
the 1 st . of March Ins* : 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and Seventy Pounds be 
Allowed & paid unto M r . James [4O.] Carter, for his Salary as 
Master of the Writing School in Queen Street the present Year 
the same to be paid him Quarterly & to commence the 1 st . of 
March Ins* : 

Voted, that M r . John Vinal Master of Writing School in the 
Common have the Sum paid in the like manner 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and Seventy Pounds be 
allowed & paid unto M r . Samuel Cheney for his Salary as Master 
of the New Writing School at the North End, the present Year, 
the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, & to 
commence from the 1 st . of March Ins*. 

Voted, that M r . John Tileston Master of the North Writing 
School, be allowed for House Rent the present Year the Sum of 



BOSTON TOWN RECOUDS, 1787. 153 

Forty Pounds the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become 
due, & to commence the 1 st . of March Ins 1 . 

Voted, that M r . Nathan Davis Master of the North Grammar 
School be allowed for House Rent the present Year, the Sum of 
Forty Pounds the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall be- 
come due & to commence from the 1 st of March Ins 1 . 

Voted, that M r . John Vinal Master of the Writing School in 
the Common be allowed for House Rent the present Year the 
Sum of Forty Pounds, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it 
shall become due & to commence from the 1*. of March Ins* : 

Voted, that M r . Samuel Cheney Master of the New Writing 
School at the North End be allowed for House Rent the present 
Year the Sum of Forty Pounds the same to be paid him Quarterly 
as it shall become due & to commence the 1*. of March Ins 1 . 



Voted, that M r . Amasa Dingley Usher of the South 
Grammer School be Allowed and paid the Sum of Ninety Seven 
pounds ten shillings the same to be paid him Quarterly 

Voted, that the Ushers of the Writing Schools be Allowed for 
their Salaries as Ushers Eighty five pounds ^ Annum each, the 
same to be paid Quarterly as it shall become due & to commence 
from the 1*. of March Ins 1 . 

Voted, that the Six Masters of the public Schools, have ten 
Cord of Wood each provided for them by the Selectmen 

Voted, that William Cooper be allowed and paid the Sum of 
One hundred & thirty Pounds for his Services as Town Clerk the 
Year ensuing the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become 
due & to Commence the 1 st . of March Ins 1 . - - - - 

Voted that M r . Peter Boyer be allowed and paid the Sum of 
One hundred and thirty Pounds for his Services as Treasurer the 
present Year the same to be paid him Quarterly as it become due 
& to commence the 1 st . of March Ins*. 

On a Motion Voted, that the Remaining part of y e . Report 
of the Committee on the Sum necessary to be raised for the 
ensuing Year be recommitted in Order that they make a Particular 
Estimate of the Sums necessary to be raised for the ensuing 
Year, & that the Selectmen & Overseers be directed to Give said 
Committee all the Assistance & information in their Power rela- 
tive thereto The Committee are also to report on M r . Tilestons 
Petition 

[42.] The Town Clerk directed to Notify the Inhabitants in 



154 CITY DOCUMENT. 

all the Papers that a Motion has been made for a very large Sum 
to be raised to defray the Expences of the present Year & that 
for the Consideration of said Motion the Meeting is adjourned to 
next Monday Seven night, when it is expected there will be a very 
general Attendance of the Inhabitants 

Adjourned to Monday the 28 th . Inst : 3 O Clock P. M. 

Monday the 28 th of May 3 O Clock P. M. Met According to 
Adjournment ------- 

Gov r : Hancocks Letter praying that he may have leave to 
withdraw his Petition relative to Beacon Hill was read & leave 
granted Accordingly 

The Committee to Estimate the Sum Necessary to be raised for 
the Expences of the Town Reported again, whereupon 

Voted, that the Sum of 12,000 including the 3000 Voted for 
in March last for the Overseers of the Poor be raised by a Tax 
to be Assessed on the Polls & Estates of the Inhabitants of this 
Town, to defrey the Expences of the Current Year 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to give order for 
payment to Master John Tileston for the Sum of 396 now 
due to him on M r . Williams & M r . Henderson with Orders for 
them to be as speedy as possible in discharging the same from 
the first Monies that may come into their hands not militating 
with Orders that may Already be drawn upon them, or making 
such discounts as may Necessarily rise in favour of Persons 
Owing Taxes 

[43.] Moved, That the Town Treasurer be and hereby is 
directed in future not to draw any Orders upon the Collectors to 
discharge any debts due from the Town Except to Discount a 
Tax due from the Person in whose favor the order is drawn - - - 
whereupon. Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to insert the 
substance of the -Above Motion in the next Warrant for a Town 
Meeting 

Moved & Voted, that all Matters & things unfinished at this 
Meeting be referred over to the next Town Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Fanuiel Hall on Wednesday the 4 th Day of 
July A. D. 1787. 10 Clock A. M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1787. 155 

Warrant for calling the Meeting ... read 

John Brown Esq r : 
was chosen a Moderator by a Hand Vote 

The Committee Appointed the last Year to make Choise of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on this Anniversary of Inde- 
pendence 

Reported, 

[44.] That they had made Choise of Thomas Dawes 

Jun r . Esq r . for the purpose aforesaid who had Accepted of that 
Service 

On Motion Voted, that the Oration be delivered at the Chapel 
Church 10 O Clock leave having been given for the same 

Voted, that the Selectmen Acquaint M r : Dawes with the afore- 
going Vote 

The Meeting was Adjourned to Chapel Church 

10. O Clock, Met, at the Chapel Church According to Adjourn- 
ment 

AN ORATION 

to commemorate the Independence of the United States, was de- 
livered by Thomas Dawes Jun r . Esq r . at the Chapel Church to a 
large and crouded Assembly 
Voted, that the 

Selectmen 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to wait on Thomas 
Dawes Jun r . Esq r . and in the name of the Town to Thank him for 
the Spirited and pertinent Oration this Day delivered by him at 
the request of the Town upon the Anniversary of the Independ- 
ence of the United States of America in which According to the 
institution of the Town, he considered the feeling Manners & 
Principles which led to that great National Event And to 
request of him a Copy for the Press 

On Motion Voted, that 

The Gentlemen the Selectmen be and hereby are Appointed a 
Committee to Apply to some learned an Able Gentleman to de- 
liver an ORATION on the 4 th of July A. D. 1788. that Day being 
the Anniversary of [45.] Independence of the United States of 
America wherein the Orator, is to consider the feelings manner 
& principles which led to this great National Event, as well as 
the important and happy Effects, whether General or Domestic 



156 CITY DOCUMENT. 

which have Already and will forever continue to flow from that 
Auspicious Epoch 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Fanuiel Hall on Monday the 9 th Day 
of July A. D. 1787 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read 

The Town having determined to come to the choise of a Repre- 
sentative Agreeably to a Precept received for that purpose the 
Inhabitants brought in their Votes, when it Appeared that 

Thomas Dawes Jun r . Esq r . 

was chosen a Representative for the remainder of the Year, by a 
Majority of Votes 

The choise of Representative being over 

The Hon le : Samuel Adams Esq r . was chosen Moder- 
ator to transact other Matters Mentioned in the Warrant 

The Article relative to Treasurers Draughts read 
Whereupon 

[46.] Voted, That Whereas the Negotiating Draughts or 
Orders drawn by the Town Treasurer is found to be greatly 
detrimental to all the Officers & Servants of the Town, as well 
as to all who are employed by the Selectmen to do any business, 
or furnish any Materials, and consequently is ruinous to the 
Credit of the Town at Large 

It is therefore 

Voted, That the Treasurer be and hereby is di- 
rected not to issue any Orders on any of the Collectors of Taxes 
in future unless in favor of such Person as are or may be Credit- 
ors to the Town & in that case to the Amount only of their 
Taxes & the Treasurer is further directed not to Accept of any 
Order that may hereafter be drawn upon him by any Creditor, 
whatsoever 

The Article relative to Negroes read 

whereupon it was Moved & Voted, that the further consideration 
of this Article subside 

All Matters, unfinished referred over to Next General Town 
Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1787. 157 

. [47.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabi- 
tants of The Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday 
Sept'. 19 th . 10 OClock Forenoon 



Warrant for calling the Meeting read 



M r . Nath 1 : Appleton, chosen Moderator & excused from serv- 
ing - - - - 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams chosen Moderator excused being con- 
fined by a Cold 

Hon ble : Sam 1 : A. Otis Esq r : 
chosen Moderator 

' ; The Article in the Warrant Viz'. 

To consider whether a more convenient place for the holding 
of the General Court than the present can be procured, in the 
Town, was read whereupon 

Voted, that Hon ble : Sam 1 . A. Otis Esq r . 
Hon bie . wiHi am Phillips Esq r . 
Hon ble : Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Charles Jarvis Esq r . 
Nath 1 . Appleton 
Perez Morton Esq r . 
Sam 1 . Breck Esq r . 
Thomas W alley Esq r . 
Joseph Russell Esq r . 

be a Committee to consider this Article at large & Report at the 
Adjournment of this Meeting what [48.] They may Judge will 
be for the Interest of the Town to be done thereon - - 

Moved & Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednes- 
day the 3 d . Day of October next this Day fortnight 10 O Clock 
Forenoon 

Wednesday 10 O Clock Forenoon 
Met According to Adjournment 

The Report of the Committee on Article in the Warrant read 
& then Adjourned to 3 O Clock P : M : 

3 Clock P : M : Met According to Adjournment 

The Committee Appointed by this Town on the 19 th of Sep- 
tember to Consider at Large whether a more convenient Place for 
holding the General Court, than the present can be procured in 
this Town Reported, which Report as amended and Accepted 
by the Town is as follows Viz. : 



158 CITY DOCUMENT. 

That they have Attended the Business and examined the 
several Squares & Platts of Ground belonging to the Town, 
which Appeared Suitable for the purpose of erecting a Building 
to Accommodate the respective Branches of the Goverment, and 
are of Opinion that there are many such which are more con- 
venient than, the Place on which the Town House now stands; 
and they submit to the Town whether it will not be for the Inter- 
est & Honor of the Inhabitants to make an offer to the Gover- 
ment of either of these, which the Honourable Court may select 
for this end Except the Common which is already Appropriated 
to Other [49.] Public purposes, Together with a Sum not ex- 
ceeding Three Thousand Pounds to be Credited upon the War- 
rants the Town has now on the Treasury of the Commonwealth 
and to be Appropriated as Above described 

And your Committee Further report that the Pasture now in 
Possession of M r . W m : Foster Appears An eligble Situation for 
such Building and recomend to the Town, to Appoint a Com- 
mittee to make a Purchase of the same by Exchanging any other 
of the Towns Property or in any way which shall Appear to said 
Committee most conducive to the Towns Interest 

Sam 1 . A : Otis "$ Order 

Voted, that the Hon ble : William Phillips Esq r . be and hereby 
is Appointed and Authorized to purchase a Pasture now in pos- 
session of M r . W m . Foster by exchanging any other of the Towns 
property or in any Way which shall Appear to him most condu- 
cive to the Towns Interest 

Voted, that the Committee who have Reported to the Town be 
a Committee to confer with a Committee of the General Court 
relative to the Subject Matter of said Report 

Voted, that all Matters and Things that remai unfinished be 
refered over to the next General Town Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 

[5O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Fanuel Hall on Friday the 7 th Day 
of December A. D. 1787 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Clark 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

The Resolves of Congress & the General Court of this Com- 
monwealth read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1787. 159 

The Town having determined to Choose twelve Persons as 
Asserting to & ratifying the Constitution the Inhabitants were 
directed to withdraw & bring in their Votes, for Twelve Persons, 
for the purpose Aforesaid & that it was Declared by the Select- 
men, that the Poll would be Closed at half past twelve O Clock 

The Votes, being brought in for Twelve Persons the Number 
of the same were found to be 763 & upon sorting them it Ap- 
peared that the following Persons where Chosen by a Majority of 
Votes Viz 1 . 

Votes 

His Excels : Hon ble : John Hancock Esq r . 751 

Hon ble : James Bowdoin Esq r . 760 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 628 

Hon bie . William Phillips Esq r . -------- 740 

Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . 603 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . ----- 714 

John C. Jones Esq r . - - - - 635 

John Winthrop Esq r . 661 

Thomas Dawes Jun r . Esq r . 749 

Rev d . Samuel Stillman - 739 

Thomas Russell Esq r . - 610 

Christopher Gore Esq r . 517 

Adjourned to Monday next 10 OClock Forenoon 

[51.] Monday, the 10 th Day of Decem r . 1787 10. O Clock 
Met According to Adjournment 

The consideration of the Choice of a Representative referred to 
12. O Clock 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 

Chosen Moderator in Order to preseed to the Other Bussiness 
Mentioned in the "Warrant 

On the Petition of the Constables for Allowance for their Ser- 
vices, Voted, that it be referred to the Selectmen as a Committee 
to consider & Allow from time to time such reasonable Sums as 
they may think Adequate for services performed 

The Article in the Warrant relative to William Phillips Esq r . 
read, whereupon 

Voted, that the Town hereby ratify & confirm the Agreement 
he made with M r . William Foster in the exchange of two Stores 
belonging to the Town for a Pasture at the Bottom of the Com- 
mon & confirm the Deed given for the same in consequence of 
said Agreement for two Warehouses, mentioned as Above bear- 
ing date the 6 th Day of October last 

The Inhabitants, were directed to withdraw & bring in their 



160 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Votes for an Overseer of the Poor & on sorting them it Appeared 
that M r . William Smith, was Chosen 

Voted, that all matters not acted upon be referred over to the 
next Town Meeting 

Selectmen Preside 

Precept for the choice of a Representative, read, whereupon 

The Town having determined to come to the Choice of a 
Representative Agreeably to a Precept for that purpose the 
Inhabitants brought in their Votes, when it Appeared that the 
whole number were 165 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . 

was chose a Representative for the remainder of the Year by a 
Majority of the Votes 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 

[52.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 10 th 
Day of March Anno Domini 1788 10. O Clock Forenoon 

Prayer was made by the Rev d : M r : Belknap 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws to be read at this Meeting were accordingly 
- read 



The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator & the same being brought in & sorted, it 
Appeared, that 

The Hon ble : Thomas Dawes Esq r : 
was chosen 

William Cooper 

was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing and took the Oath 
of Office for the faithful discharge of his Duty, which Oath was 
Administred to him by M r . Justice Crafts Also the Oath of 
Allegiance which was given him by M r . Justice Barret ; and signed 
as the Law directs 

TKe Town having determined by a Vote to Choose Nine Select- 
men the Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw & bring in 
their Votes for that Number ; and the same being brought in and 
sorted ; it Appeared that the following Gentelmen. Viz*. 

[53.] John Scollay Esq r . 

Harbotle Dorr Esq r . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1788. 161 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

John Brown Esq r . 

Cap*. Edward Tyler 

John Andrews Esq r . 

Thomas Walley Esq r . 

Deacon William Boardman 

M r . Ebenezer Sever 

were Chosen Selectmen for the year ensuing and had the Oath of 
Allegiance Administred to them by the Town Clerk the same 
was also sign'd by them as the Law directs 

Votes for a County Treasurer of the County of Suffolk, brought 
in and counted by the Moderator and Town Clerk, when it Ap- 
peared that the whole number was two hundred eighty one, and 
that they were all for Thomas Crafts Esq r : a discret Suitable 
Person, being a Freeholder & Resident in the same County 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for twelve Overseers of the Poor, and the Votes having 
been brought in & Sorted it Appeared, that 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . 

M r . Samuel Whitwell 

John White Esq r . 

Edward Proctor Esq r . 

John Sweetser Esq r . 

Jon a : L. Austin Esq r . 
,.M r . Samuel Parkman 

M r . Edward Edes 
[54.] Henry Hill Esq r . 

M r . John Codman Jun r . 

M r . William Smith 

M r . William Phillips Jun r . 
were Chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for sixteen Fire Wards, and the same having been brought 
in and sorted, it Appeared that 

William Cooper 

Edward Proctor Esq r . 

M r . John Lovell 

M r . Thomas Tileston 

Thomas Melville Esq r . 

M r . John Winthrop 

Jabez Hatch Esq r . 

Cap*. John Ballard 

Andrew Symrns Esq r . 

M r . Joseph Clark 

M r . Jacob Rhodes 

Samuel Brick Esq r . 

M r . Henry Bass 



162 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Col. John May 
Paul D. Sergeant Esq r - 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 
were Choose Fire-Wards for the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants withdrew & brought in their Votes for a Town 
Treasurer, and upon sorting them it Appeared that 

Peter Boyer Esq r . 

was chosen Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing, who took the 
Oath of Office, also the Oath of Allegiance & subscribed to the 
same which Oaths were Administred to him by the Town Clerk 

[55.] The Votes being brought in for a Clerk of Faneuil 
Hall Market upon sorting them it Appeared, that 

M r . Matthew Nazro 
was chosen Clerk of said Market for the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for 12 Constables, and 
upon sorting them it Appeared that 

Mess rs : Subael Hews ------- Sworn 

Samuel Whitney d. 

John Butterfield d. 

Benjamin Homans d. 

John Cades - d. 

James Perkins --_--- d. 

John Bosson d. 

James Williams ------ d. 

Samuel Smith ------ d. 

Francis Booth d. 

William Cooper the 2 d . - - - d. 

were chose Constables for the Year ensuing & were all qualified 
as the Law directs 

Adjourned to 3. O : Clock P : M : 
3. O Clock P : M : Met According to Adjournment 

Mess rs : Joseph Ballard Sworn 

Henry Blaisdel d. 

Benjamin Page d. 

James Rogers d. 

Samuel Dyer ------- d. 

John Champney d. 

Joseph Ay res ------ d. 

Benjamin White ------ d. 

Abraham Howard d. 

[56.] Joshua Bentley Sworn 

Edmund Ranger d. 

Clement Collins d. 

were chose Surveyors of Boards & Shingles for the Year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1788. 163 

Mess rs : Samuel Harris - - - - - - Sworn 

Job Wheelwright d. 

Joseph Basset d. 

Henry Purket d. 

Joseph Whittemore d. 

William Parkman ----- d. 

Lemuel Gardner .----- d. 

Joseph Loring - d. 

Thomas Fooler ------ d. 

Caleb Hayden d. 

Joshua Pico - d. 

John Bray d. 

were chose Cullers of Staves & Hoops for the Year ensuing 

The Selectmen 
were chose Surveyors of High Ways for the Year ensuing 

Mess rs : Benjamin White Sworn 

James Ridgway ------ d. 

Edmund Ranger ------ d. 

Andrew Townsend d. 

William Crafts d. 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 

Mess r8 : Adam Colsen 

Abraham Adams 
were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing 

[57.] Mess : George Hamlen - - - - - Sworn 

John Skinner- - d. 

William Sharp d. 

were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

Mess rs : William Billings Sworn 

Samuel Bangs d. 

Nathan Green - d. 

Thomas Bradlee - d. 

James Bruce ------- d. 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing 

Mess : George Hamlin Sworn 

Samuel Curtis ------ d. 

John Skinner ------ d. 

were chose Haywards for the Year ensuing 

Mess" : Thomas Green 

John Skinner 
were chose Assay Masters for the ensuing Year 

John White Esq r . 
John Sweetser Esq r . 
were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing 



164 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Mess 18 : William M c .Neil 

John Gray 
were chose Surveyers of Hemp for the ensuing Year 

Mess : William Lowder Sworn 

Gyles Harris Esq r . d. 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . - ... <J. 

John R. Sigorney d. 

M r . Edward Davis d. 

[58.] were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing, who all took 
the Oath of Office & Allegiance & signed the latter as by Law 
directed, which Oaths were Administred by the Town Clerk 

The Selectmen, chosen 
a Committee to Visit Schools 

Voted, that Joseph Barrel Esq r . 

M r . Herman Brimmer 

M r . Joseph May 

Joseph Russell Jun r . Esq r . 

M r . Bossinger Foster 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to Audit the Accounts 
of the Town Treasurer and also the Accounts of the Selectmen 
and Overseers of the Poor, and Report as soon as may be 

(Memorandum the aforegoing Vote respecting the Auditors 
of Town Treasurers Accounts, is not altogether similar, to the 
one Appointing Auditors the last Year 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. " Whether the Selectmen 
shall be empowered to give Names to such Streets as have gone 
by different Names since the Revolution and to Record the same 
in the Town Books, as also the Names of such Streets as have 
not yet been Recorded ' ' was read and considered where- 
upon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to give Names to 
the Streets. & to Record the same Agreeably to said Articles in 
the Warrant 

[59.] The Article in the Warrant relative to Sign Boards, 
read, when it was moved & Voted that the consideration thereof 
be referred until After the Town have Acted upon the Article 
relative to a Revision of the By Laws 

The Petition of Joseph Cunningham & Mary his Wife, read, 
whereupon 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed to consider said Petition, 
hear the Abuttors and Report thereon at the Adjournment 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1788. 165 

Voted, that Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Parkman 
Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
M r . John R Sigorney 
Deacon Sharp 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Moved and Voted, that a Committee be Appointed to take into 
consideration what Steps may be best taken for the choice of 
Clerks of the Market 

Voted, that Col. Dawes 

Col. Proctor 

M r . Moses Grant 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid & to Report at the Ad- 
journment 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are impowered & 
directed to set for such Abatement of Taxes as they shall Judge 
reasonable two Days in each Week After the delivery of the Tax 
Bills to the [6O.] Collectors for the Space of six Weeks and no 
longer; saving that they be allowed to set the Last Week in 
February, Lords' Days excepted, for the Abatement of the Taxes 
of such Persons as had not an Opportunity of Applying in the 
Above limited time by reason of their being out of the Com- 
monwealth or any other unavoidable hindrance, and that the 
Assessors Determine upon the said two Days, which is to be de- 
livered the Inhabitants 

Voted, that the Allowance to the Assessors be six shillings f^ 
Day for the time they may Set in doing the Business of their Office 

Voted, that four Per Cent be Allowed and hereby is Allowed 
to the Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing for all such Sums 
of Money and public Securities as they shall Collect & pay into 
the several Treasuries of the Sums committed to them to Collect 
within ten Months from the receipt of the Tax Books, and Three 
^ Cent on all such other Sums as shall afterwards be Collected, 
also that such Collectors shall give Bond with Sufficient Sureties 
to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful discharge of 
their duty in said Office & complying with this Vote and that 
they will not receive any Premium or Gratuity for discounting 
any Order Note or Receipt from the Treasurer of the State, or 
the Treasurer of the Town 

Mess : James Thompson Sworn 

Thomas Bayley Sworn 

Benjamin Henderson sworn 

Charles Williams sworn 

Were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing 



166 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[61.] On a Motion Voted, that the choice of Wardens be 
referred to the Meeting of this Town that may be called next 
after the setting of the General Court, in May next 

On Motion Voted, that 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . 

Col. Crafts 

M r . Ebenezer Dorr 

Col. Sergeant 

Cap*. Nathaniel Somes 

be a Committee to consider what the Collectors of Taxes have to 
offer relative to some embarassments which they are under with 
respect to paying in the State Taxes, and Report at the Adjourn- 
ment 

The Petition of a Number of the Inhabitants relative to a New 
School, was read & considered whereupon 

Voted, that the Prayer of the Petition be so far granted as that 
the Selectmen be Authorised and empowered to hire the School of 
the present Proprietors, and that they be requested to Appoint 
M r . Ticknor the* Master of said School at the expence of the 
Town Also 

Voted, that Christ r : Gore Esq r . 

Col. Sergeant 

Col. Crafts 

Col. Waters 

M r . Ebenezer Dorr (excused) 

Deacon Bates 

be a Committee to enquire of the Circumstances of the [62.] 
South Quarter of the Town, and Determine what is also Necessary 
to be done to Accommodate that part of the Town with a Public 
School 

Adjourned To Wednesday the 19 th of March Current 10. 
O Clock A : M. 

Wednesday the 19 th of March. 10. O'Clock Fore-Noon Met 
According to Adjournment 

Mess rs : Manassah Marston sworn 

Edward Burt sworn 

John Owen ------- Sworn 

William Foot Sworn 

were chose Surveyors of Hoops for the Year ensuing 

Mess rs : Joshua Davis sworn 

John Cogswell d. 

Moses May d. 

were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1788. 167 

On a Motion Voted, that the Choice of such Officers as are 
wanting & have not qualified themselves as the Law directs, be 
referred untill May Meeting 

The Committee to whom was referred the Application of the 
Collectors for relief on the Abatements in the late State Tax 
Reported 

That After conferring with the Collectors and debating the 
Several proposals are of Opinion 

That by empowering the Town Treasurer, with such other Per- 
sons as the Town may think best to Add, to be a Committee to 
procure on the best Terms such kind of Paper as will discharge 
said Tax & empower the Treasurer to give his Notes to the 
Lenders payable out of the next Tax with Interest, And that a 
Tax of four hundred pounds be Added to discharge said Notes 

[63.] The aforegoing Report having been read 

Voted, that the same be accepted, and that Jonathan Mason 
Esq r : Thomas W alley Esq r . & Joseph Russell Jun r . Esq r : be a 
Committee to Assist the Treasurer in this Business 

On a Motion Voted, that 

M r . John Fenno 

Deacon Sharp 

M r . Moses Grant 

be a Committee to prepare an Estimate of the Sum necessary to 
be raised for the Expences of the Current Year, and that they 
confer with the Committee to Audit the Town Treasurers Account 
& Report as soon as may be 

The Committee to whom was referred the Petition of Joseph 
Cunningham & Mary his Wife have attended the service Assigned 
them And conferred with the Gentlemen Selectmen, heard the 
Abutters, viewed the Premises ; and take leave to Report as 
their Opinion : That if the Land whereon the Building mentioned 
in the said Petition was now Vacant ; the Town have a right to 
Erect Buildings, so as to cover the same That the Abutters are 
injured by the present Buildings only under the Idea, that if the 
Land was now Vacant, the Town would not Build thereon 
Therefore that the whole Business be left with the Gentlemen the 
Selectmen, either to order the Buildings down so far as the In- 
croachment is made ; or dispose of the Land, as they shall Judge 
most for the benefit & Advantage of the Town And further 
that the remaining Part of the Land belonging to the Town, 
lying South West of and butting on the said JCunningham House 
be given into the Streets and Alleys for the better Accomodating 
the Inhabitants in that Neighbourhood 

Thomas Davis " Order 



168 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[64. J The aforegoing Report having been read & considered, 
Voted, that the same be Accepted, also 

Voted, that the Selectmen be & hereby are Authorised & em- 
powered in Case they should Judge it best to dispose of said 
Lands & to give and execute good and sufficient Deeds there- 
fore 

The Petition of a Number of Blackmen was read whereupon 

Voted, that the Petitioners have leave to withdraw their Peti- 
tion 

William Scollay Esq r . - - - - sworn 

M r . Samuel Cabot excused 

M r . Elisha Sigorney ----- sworn 
M r . Joseph Laughton .... d. 

M r . Lemuel Cravath d. 

M r . John Winslow d. 

M r . Joseph May ------ d. 

M r . Henry Prentiss - - Absent excused 

M r . John Parker d. 

M r . Joseph Howard ----- d. 
M r . Benjamin Hammet Jun r . - - d. 

M r . Samuel Gore - d. 

were chose Clarks of the Market for the Year ensuing, by a writ- 
ten Vote The Committee relative to Clerks of Market Report- 
ing as by their Report on file, that it was best for the present 
Year or at least, that they should be chose by a written Vote 

The Article in the "Warrant Viz 4 . " That a Revision of the 
By Laws of the Town may be had, and that such Additions and 
Amendments may be made thereon as shall be Judged proper 
was read Whereupon 

[65.] Voted, that Thomas Crafts Esq r . 

Christopher Gore Esq r . 

William Tudor Esq r . 

M r . John Fenno 

Thomas Dawes Jun r . Esq r . 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid, and they are to con- 
sider the Article in the Warrant relative to Sign Boards, project- 
ing into the Streets Also of any other Incumbrances And to 
Report as soon as may be 

On Motion, Voted, that the Committee Appointed to prepare 
an Estimate of the Sum Necessary to be raised, the present Year, 
be a Committee to Consider of the Salaries and Grants necessary 
for the School-Masters ; & that said Committee Notify the School 
Masters, Town Clark, Town Treasurer & Other Salary Men, who 
have not had their pay Voted them, of their time of setting that 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1788. 169 

they may be heard by said Committee, before they Report thereon 
to the Town 

Moved & Voted, that all Matters and Things which remain 
unfinished at this Meeting be referred over to the General Town 
Meeting in May next 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to the Hon ble : Thomas Dawes Esq r . y e . Moderator for his good 
services in forwarding the Business of this Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 

[66.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston of twenty one Years of Age and upwards qualified as the 
Constitution prescribes, and legally warned in public Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 7 th Day of April 
Anno Domini 1788 9 O Clock A : M 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Parker 
"Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read 

Paragraph of the Constitution or Frame of Goverment, relative 
to choice of Governor IA Governor and Senators - - - - - 
also Read 

It was declared by the Selectmen that no Votes, would be re- 
ceived but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll 
shall be closed at 12 Clock 

On a Motion, Voted, that the Bells in the Town be set a Toll- 
ing y z an Hour before 12 O'Clock 

Persons Voted for as Governor, with the number of Votes for 
each Person Viz*. 

Votes 

His Excellency John Hancock Esq r . - - - 1427 

Hon ble : James Bowdoin Esq r . 5 

Hon ble : Elbridge Gerry Esq r - 5 

Persons Voted, for Lieu* : Governor with the Number of Votes, 
for each Person Viz*. 

Votes 

[67.] Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 814 

Hon ble : Benjamin Lincoln Esq r . 630 

Hon ble : James Warren Esq r . 1 

Hon ble : William Phillips Esq r . 1 



170 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Persons Voted for as Senators for the County of Suffolk, with 
the number of Votes, for each Person Viz 1 . 

Votes 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 1450 

Hon ble : William Phillips Esq r . 1360 

Hon ble : Cotton Tufts Esq r . 1439 

Hon ble . Stephen Metcalf Esq r . - ... 1429 

Hon ble : Thomas Dawes Esq r ..- ----- 1428 

Hon ble : Elijah Dunbar Esq r . 1261 

Hon ble : Benjamin Austin Ju r . Esq 1 '. - - - 181 

Hon ble : Benjamin Lincoln Esq r . ----- 86 

Hon ble : William Heath Esq r . 11 

Samuel Breck Esq r . --------- 4 

Hon ble : Richard Cranch Esq r . 15 

Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . 2 

Hon ble : Stephen Higginson Esq r . - - - - 1 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . 1 

Hon ble : Benjamin Austin Esq r . ----- 1 

Hon ble : John Fisher Esq r . 1 

D r . John Metcalf -- - - 4 

Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as Governor Lieu*. 
Governor and Senators for the County of Suffolk, were committed 
to the Secretary of this Commonwealth, and the Inclosures sealed 
up in Town Meeting Superscribed as follows Viz*. 
For 

John A very Esq r . 

Secretary of the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts 

[68.] The number of Votes of the Town of Boston for a 
Governor Lieu*. Governor and Six Senators for the County of 
Suffolk, Certified within and Sealed up in Town Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 13 th . Day of 
May. A : D : 178810 O'Clock A : M 

Prayer was made by the Rev d : M r . Geyer 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

That part of the Constitution or Frame of Goverment which 
relates to the choice of Representatives ----- read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1788. 171 

Sundry Laws to be read at said Meeting or parts of them were 
Accordingly read 

The Town having determined to Choose Seven Persons to 
Represent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to be held 
at the State House at Boston on the Last Wednesday of May 
Current Agreeably to the Constitution or Frame of Goverment 
for the Massachusetts The Inhabitants were directed to with- 
draw and bring in their Votes for Seven Representatives, and 
then it was declared by the Selectmen [69.] that no Votes 
should be received but such as were unfolded, and that they pro- 
posed the Poll should be Closed at 12 O'Clock 

The Votes being brought in for Seven Representatives, the 
number of the same were found to be eight hundred & fifteen ; 
and upon sorting them it Appeared that the following Gentlemen 
were Chosen by a Majority of Votes Viz 1 . 

Votes 

Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . .... 576 

Samuel Breck Esq r . - 805 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . 801 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . 580 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . 810 

Thomas Dawes Jun r . Esq r . - ... 812 

Thomas Russell Esq r . 565 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen, it was moved & Voted, that a Moderator be chosen 
to preside at the Meeting for Transacting the Other Matters 
mentioned in the Warrant 

Hon le : Samuel Adams Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote 

The Petition for Paving Battery March Street was read, and 
four Other Petitions for paving or Repairing other Streets, were 
laid before the Town whereupon 

Voted, that the Hon ble : Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

William Bell Esq r . 
[7O.] Deacon Gibbons Sharp Esq r : 

Charles Miller Esq r . 

M r . Rufus Sturgis 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to consider said Peti- 
tions together with the representation of the Selectmen on the 
same Subject and to Report their Opinion at the Adjournment as 
to the expediency of paving or repairing any of said Streets 
Also an Estimate of the expence thereof 

Adjourned to Wednesday the 21 st Ins* : at 10 O Clock A : M j 

Wednesday the 21 st of May 10: O'Clock Town Met Ac- 
cording to Adjournment 



172 CITY DOCUMENT. 

M r . Prentice excused from serving as a Clerk of the Market 
M r . John Cabot excused from serving a Clerk of the Market 

M r . Jacob Curtis 
M r . John Barret 
were chosen Clerks of the Market for the ensuing Year 

Moved & Voted, not to choose three Constables, for the present 
number nine are Judged by the Town to be sufficient 

The Committee Appointed to audit the Accompts of the Town 
Treasurer, and examine the Draughts of the Selectmen & Over- 
seers Report 

That the Town Treasurers Accompts are right cast & the 
Chares well Vouched 



The General State of the Treasury is as follows 

D r . Town Treasurer Acco te from March 87 to March 88 C r . - 

Sundry Lands Sold ........ 381,, 9,, 9 

Two Warrants on the State Treasurer - - 3788 ,, 16 . 9 

Rec d : of J Prince for Potatoes & sold in 80 - - 1 ,, 11 

To Tax granted in 1787 ...... 12.000,,- 

Received for Fines - - - - - - - - - - 1 ,, 

The Commonwealth for Supplying Troops j _ ,^ 1f) 
- - - - in suppressing the Rebellion - - ) 

Received of William Foster in exchange ) n nft 
of Real Estate ......... j 

Received for Rents -- ...... 3 74, ,9, ,2 

Ditto for Fanuiel Hall for the Market - - 223 ,, 6 ,, l 



16,958 ,, 3 ,, 73 

By Ballance of last Years Accounts - - - 344 ,, 14 ,, 1 j 
Abatements on Benjamin Henderson ) 

- - - Taxes committed to D. Parker and >- 396 ,, 13 ,, 7f 

A. Thomas late Collectors ) 

Ditto to D. Parker 74 ,, 11 ,, 4 

Ditto to the several Collectors for State ) 

Tax --- for 1786 j )42 " 6 " 

Selectmens Draughts - 4657 ,, 2 ,, 1 

Overseers - - Ditto -- 887 ,, 14 ,, l 

Paid Interest - - - -* 910 ,, 5 ,, 6 

Paid Treasury Jeffries Notes brought in - 14 ,, 11 ,, 



10,927 ,, 19 ,, Oi 
Ballance 6,030 ,, 4 ,, 7 



16,958 ,, 3 7f 
The Above Account being the State of the Treasury 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1788. 173 

Accounts for the last year, the Committee have made an Estimate 
of the (General State of the Treasury as it now stands Viz 1 : 
To Ballance due sundry Creditors ... 45 

Ditto - - - ditto 537 

To D Jeffries Estate 110 



4 
13 

7 
15 



To Partridge & Hammeatt 699 

To Nazro - -- 54 

To the several Collectors for Premium on 

Taxes in 86 651 ,, 10 

To Ballance due on the Selectmen & Over- 



10 
4 
9 



~ A 
seers Draughts j L " ld 

Treasurers Accounts to Several People on ) 

f 12,410 ,,!/,, 7* 
Interest j 

A considerable Sum of Interest yet due for 
the Last Year say 1570 exclusive of the 
Interest on the 12,410 ,, 17 ,, 7 since 
March 1787 Premiums to the Collectors and 
Abatements on the 12000 Tax 
' for the Charges Above say - 2900 



20,031 



By Towns Powder ........ 312 ,, 11 ,, 8 

Abraham Savage ........ 412 ,, 4 ,, 4 

Sundry Small Debts due to Town, Bad - - 58 ,, 16 ,, 1 

Andrew Tukesbury ........ 100 ,, 10 ,, 10 

Benj a : Cudworth ......... 81 11 Si- 

Col : Symms who has since Settled - - - 167,, 1 ,, 2 

Thomas Green for Rent - - ..... 15,, 

W" : Foster who has Since settled - - - 35 ,, 15 ,, 10 

Sundry Notes part bad ...... - 42, ,9, ,2 

Sundry Rents .......... 9 ,, 19 ,, 2 

Daniel Parker for Taxes in 84 & 85 - - - 1318 ,, 10 ,, 4 

[73.] SamuelJepson ....... 20,, 5 

Due from Thomas Bayley for 87 Tax - - 2082 ,, 11 ,, 0| 

Ditto James Thompson ....... 2333 ,, 4 ,, 9 

Ditto Charles Williams ....... 2800 ,, 11 ,, l} 

Ditto Benjamin Henderson ...... 2390 ,, 14 ,, 6f 

Cash on Hand .......... 29 ,, 6 ,, 5 

Due from the Commonwealth ..... 10346 ,, 14 ,, 1-J- 

22,608 ,, 1 ,, 8 



Old Paper Money at 75 for one which 

..... it was received ------ 554 ,, ,, 9 

The Committee having stated the Account & Given a General 
State of the Towns Accounts as above They will only Add that 
the Selectmens Draughts the Last Year was 4,657,, 2,, 1 
And the Overseers Draughts - - - - - 2, 88 7, ,15,, l|- 

7544 16 2f 



174 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Which was the expence of the Town 

the Last Year 
Joseph Barrell 

^ Order of the Committee 

The Committee to Estimate the Sum Necessary to be raised to 
defray the Expences of the present Year & to consider what Sums 
it will be proper to grant to the Several Officers in the pay of the 
Town Repoi'ted and the same being, considered, the Town 
came into the following Resolutions, Viz 1 . (mem. about 60 
persons present) 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred eighty five pounds, be 
allowed & paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary the present 
Year, the same to commence the 1 st . of March last & to be 
paid him Quarterly as it shall become due 

Voted, that the Sum of one hundred eighty five Pounds be 
Allowed & paid unto M r . Nathan Davis for his Salary the present 
Year the same to commence [74.] the 1 st . of March last, and 
to be paid Mm Quarterly as it shall become due 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred & Sixty Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto M r . John Tileston for his Salary as Master 
of the North Writing School the present Year, the same to be 
paid him Quarterly as it shall become due & to commence the 1 st : 
of March last 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred & Sixty Pounds be 
allowed & paid unto M r . James Carter for his Salary as Master 
of the Writing School in Queen Street the present Year and the 
same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due & to com- 
mence from the 1 st . of March last 

Voted, that the Sum of One Hundred & Sixty Pounds be 
allowed & paid unto M r . John Vinal as Master of the Writing 
School in the Common the present Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due & to commence the 1 st . March 
last j 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred & Sixty Pounds be 
allowed & paid unto M r . Samuel Cheney as Master of the New 
Writing School at North End, the present Year the same to be 
paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, & to commence the 
1 st . March last 

Voted, the Sum of One hundred & Sixty Pounds, be allowed 
& paid unto M r . Elisha Sticknor for his Sallary as Master of 
the New [75.] S. Writing School, the present Year, the same 
to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due & to commence 
the 1 st . of March last 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1788. 175 

Voted, that M r . Amasa Dingley Usher of the South Grammar 
School be Allowed & paid the Sum of Ninety two Pounds ten 
shillings for his Salary the present Year, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence the 1 st . of 
March last <- 

Voted, that the Ushers of the "Writing Schools be allowed for 
their Salaries, as Ushers Eighty Pounds ^ Annum each, the 
same to be paid them Quarterly as it shall become due & to com- 
mence the 1 st . March last 

Voted, that the Selectmen be & hereby are Authorised & im- 
powered to make according to their discretion an Additional 
Allowance to any of the Ushers not exceeding ten Pounds 

Voted, that the Master of the Public Schools have ten Cords 
of Wood each provided for them by the Selectmen 

Voted, that M r . John Tileston Master of the North Writing 
School be allowed for House Rent the present Year the Sum of 
Thirty Pounds, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall 
become due & to commence from the 1 st : of March last 

[76.] Voted, that M r . Nathan Davis Master of the North 
Grammer School be allowed & paid for House Rent the present 
Year the Sum of Thirty Pounds the same to be paid him Quarterly 
as it shall become due & to commence the 1 st ; of March last 

Voted, that M r . John Vinal Master of the Writing School in 
the Common be Allowed for House Rent the present Year the 
Sum of Thirty Pounds the same to be paid him Quarterly as it 
shall become due, and to commence the 1 st : of March last 

Voted, that M r . Samuel Cheney Master of the New Writing 
School at the North End be Allowed for House Rent the present 
Year the Sum of Thirty Pounds, the same to be paid him Quar- 
terly as it shall become due & to commence the 1 st : of March 
last 

Voted, that Twenty Pounds be Allowed for providing Ink for 
the five Public Writing Schools 

Adjourned to 3 : O Clock P. M 

3 ; O : Clock P : M : Met According to Adjournment 

Voted, that William Cooper be allowed & paid the Sum of One 
hundred & Twenty Pounds for his Services as Treasurer the pres- 
ent Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become 
due and to commence the 1 st . of March last 



176 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Voted, that Peter Boyer Esq r . be allowed & paid the Sum of 
One hundred & Twenty Pounds for his Services as Treasurer the 
present Year the same [77.] to be paid him Quarterly as it shall 
become due and to commence the 1 st : of March last 

Voted, that there be a deduction of one Man from each Watch 
House which will Leave four common Men and one Constable to 
each, they to be paid at the rate of six Dollars ^ Month for each 
common Man and eight Dollars ^ Month for the Constable. 

The Committee to whom was referred the several Petitions for 
paving & repairing several Streets, have attended the Business 
Assigned them View'd the Streets Conferred with the Gentle- 
men Selectmen on the Subject and Obtained an Estimate of the 
Expence And take leave to Report as their Opinion 

That the several Streets mentioned in the said Petition and as 
many more not mentioned, want to be now paved and repaired 
but the Abilities of the Town at present will not Admit of it 
only in Part Therefore that the Selectmen make such Repaires 
in some of the Streets as are Absolutely necessary not to exceed 
the sum of two hundred Pounds ; and that when a Petition is pre- 
ferred for a Street to be paved, it is expected the Petitioners or 
Abuttors in said Street lay on an Accurate Estimate of the Ex- 
pence before the Town & the Sums or proportion which they, the 
Petitioners and Abutters will be held to pay, the Town will then 
Judge of their Ability to Advance their proportions, as they have 
heretofore done in similar Cases of Applications All which is 
submitted 

Thomas Dawes f2 Order 

The aforegoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put and the Report Accepted 

[78.] On a Motion Voted, that the Selectmen be a Commit- 
tee to examine and enquire with whom y e . charge and duty lays, 
of paving and repairing the lower end of State Street from Admi- 
ral Vernons Head to the Long Wharff 

Moved, and obtained, that the Sum of Ten Pounds be deducted 
from M r . Nazro's Pay for his Attendance on the Selectmen 

Voted, that the Sum of Seven Thousand five hundred Pounds 
be raised by a Tax to be Assessed on the Polls and Estates of 
the Inhabitants of this Town, to defray the Expences of the Cur- 
rent Year Also 

Voted, that when the Assessors Assess the Town Tax, as Voted 
Above, they make a special and Separate Column in the Rate 
List and therein set down as much ^ centum proportionally on 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1788. 177 

each Persons Tax as shall in the whole amount to Eighteen hun- 
dred seventy five Pounds, being the one quarter part of the 
7,500 to be raised for the expences of the Year ensuing and 
that the Collectors shall receive the Sums contained in said 
Column in Specie only and the same shall be paid into the Town 
Treasury & sacredly Appropriated to the support of the Town 
Poor and the payment of Interest due to the Overseers for Monys 
Advanced by them for the use of the Poor 

Moved, and Voted, that all Matters and things unfinished at 
this Meeting be referred over to the next General Town Meeting 
that may be called 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 

[79.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhab- 
itants of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in 
Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneiul Hall on Friday 
the fourth of July A. D . 1 788 9.0 'Clock A : M 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

John Brown Esq r : 
was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote 

The Committee Appointed the last year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to Deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Inde- 
pendence 

Reported 

That they had made Choice of Harrison Gray Otis 
Esq r . for the purpose aforesaid 

On a Motion Voted, that the Oration be delivered at the Old 
South Church 1 1 . O'Clock leave having been given for the same 

Voted, that the Gentlemen Selectmen Acquaint M r . Otis with 
the aforegoing Vote 

The Meeting was then Adjourned to the Old South Church, 
there to- Meet at 11. O'Clock 

11. O'Clock Met at the Old South Church According to Ad- 
journment 

AN ORATION 

To commemorate the Independence of the United States was de- 
livered by Harrison Gray Otis Esq r . at the Old South [8O.] 
Church, to a large & crowded Assembly 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are Appointed a 
Committee to wait on Harrison Gray Otis Esq r : and in the Name 



178 CITY DOCUMENT. 

of the Town to thank him for the Spirited & elegant Oration this 
Day delivered by him at the request of the Town, upon the Anni- 
versary of the Independence of the United States of America, in 
which, according to the Institution of the Town he considered the 
feeling manners and principals which led to that great National 
Event And to request of him a Copy thereof for the Press 

On a Motion, Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be 
and hereby are Appointed, a Committee to Apply to Some one 
learned and able Gentleman to Deliver an Oration on the 4th of 
July A. D 1789, that Day being the Anniversary of the Inde- 
pendence of the United States of America wherein the Orator is 
to consider the feelings manners and principals which led to this 
great National Event; as well as the Important and happy 
Effects whether General or Domestic, which have already and 
will forever continue to flow from that Auspicious Epoch 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

[81.] Conformably to a Vote of the Town passed the 10 th of 
March 1788. Impowering the Selectmen "to give names to such 
Streets as have gone by different Names since the revolution and 
to record the same in the Town Books, as Also the Names of 
such Streets as have not been recorded " the following Names 
given by the Selectmen to such Streets are here accordingly 
Recorded & the Names of the Other Streets may be seen in 
Town Book N. 2. Page 293 
The way leading from Cambridge Bay be- ~) 

tween Doctor Spragues Estate and M r : | 

Harris, cross Orange Street, easterly by j> Castle Street 

William Marshall Estate into the Har- | 

bour ---- .--J 

From Orange Street by the South Writing ^ 

School, through what was called Tilley's ! TO 

T-,,, c i.\, r\ j r Pleasant Street 

Land, to the bottom of the Common and [ 

to Frog Lane ---------J 

From Orange Street by the Rev d : D r : ) XT 

TJ i , 5 11. TT T? T r Nassau Street 

Boyles s dwelling House to Frog Lane - j 

From Orange Street Opposite Nassau j A11 T 
04 i 4.u TT u r Aliens Lane 

Street easterly to the Harbour - - - j 

From Orange Street Easterly by D' : Phil- > Bennet 
lips House to the Sea - ) 

From Orange Street, Westerly by M r . ) TT ,,. , 
TIT- i .. TIT *.- TT TVT O A L r HOLDS Street 

Wights Meeting House, to Nassau Street ) 

From Orange Street, easterly by Cap*, j Harvard Street 

Fellows's House to the Sea - - - - j 
[82.] From Orange Street Westerly by \ 

M rs . Inches House and crossing Nassau >- Eliots Street 

Street to Pleasant Street - - - - - j 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1788. 179 

From Orange Street easterly by M r . ") T ^ , , T 
*r i j> -v 4. 1 TT u f Kneelands Lane 

Kneeland s Estate to the Harbour - - j 

From Newbury Street near the White ^ 

Horse Tavern, Westerly into the Com- > Sheafs Lane 

mon by M r . Holbrooks House - - - ) 
From the Bottom of Summer Street to ^ 

near the Bull Tavern, to the bottom of [-Purchase Street 

Gridley's Lane --------) 

From Purchase Street to Battery March - }> Belchers Lane 
From Milk Street passing by the Loan "j 

Office, crossing Cow Lane down to > Atkinson Street 

Purchase Street --------) 

From Cow Lane Easterly by M r . Gray's f ^ 

-wr 11 4 nr-ii Q*. 4- r Grays Lane 

Rope Walk to Milk Street - - - - \ J 

From Atkinson Street to M r . Belknap's | -p , T 

Meeting House in Federal Street - - j * 
From Milk Street by M r . Belknaps Meet- \ 

ing House up to Cow Lane formerly j- Federal Street 

Longe Lane ---------) 

From Federal Street, by Deacon Williarns's ) ^ 

4. A 4-1 a 4. t Barrack Lane 

house into Atkinson Street - j 

From Milk Street Opposite Tanner's Lane ) 

southerly by the Rope Walks to Cow > Palmer Street 
Lane ) 

From the bottom of Water Street into ) A , , 

Milk Street | Adams Street 

From Water Street opposite Leveret's ) -^ ,, 

Lane into Milk Street - } Dalton Street 

From Cornhill, each side of the State ^ 

House downe to the Longe Wharf for- > State Street 

merly King Street -------) 

[83.] From State Street by Oliver 1 

Dock, to Daffornes corner in Milk Street > Kilby Street 

(formerly Mackrel Lane) -----) 
From Leveret's Lane opposite the Quaker's ) T , T 

Meeting House to Kilby Street - - . ) Lyndalls Lane 
From State Street near the State House ) 

to Water Street (formerly Pudding > Devonshire Street 

Lane) -----------) 

From Cornhill. eastward by Concert Hall ) r . 

to Cambridge ( formerly Queen Street - J L 
From Court Street opposite the Orange \ 

Tree Westward to D r . Bulfinchs Pas- > Southacks Court 

ture -----------_) 

From Cambridge Street, to M r . Pitt's ) ^.. , , T 

House in Southacks Court } Fltch 8 Lane 

From Beacon Street in the Common by ^ 

Gov r : Hancocks tending northward over | 

the hill, from Gov r . Hancocks garden [> Hancock Street 

down to Cambridge Street formerly 

George Street and Davis Lane - - - J 



180 CITY DOCUMENT. 

From Hancock Street, southerly by M r . ~) 

Austin's Ropewalk and by the Powder > Warren Street 

House down to Cambridge Bay - - - ) 
From Cambridge Street, northerly by ) rhambprs Sfrppt 

the Marsh, to M r . Allen's House - - } L 
From Green Street up the Hill to M r . j 

Russell's Rope Walk j Shute Street 

From Shute Street Westerly by Cap*. Job \ A11 c , 

Princes to Cambridge Street - - - - j A 
From Green Street Northerly to Bartons ) T 

Point :....} Leverets Street 

From Cambridge Street Northerly by M r . ") 

Howards Meeting House, to Green > Lynde Street 
Street j 

From Cambridge Street by Cap*: Cheever's ) ... , . 

to Green Street - - - - j Staniford Street 

From Leveretts Street by M r . Piercies j ,...,, Q 

Distill House to the Causeway - - - j ^ 
[84.] From Green Street by M r . Gooches 1 -p. , T 

to Mill Pond - }.* 

The Square before D r : Bulfinches and ) ^ 

Deacon Newells - - | Bowdoms Square 

From Bowdoins Square easterly to Nath. \ 

Halls House, and from thence to Sud- > Hawkins Street 

bury Street - -- - - - - - - -) 

From Cambridge Street- by M r . Copelands ) A1 , 

o ^i 04. 4. t Aldens Lane 

House-to Sudbury Street j 

From Hawkins Street, passing by M r . ) 

Scollays Distill House to the Mill Pond [ Distill House Square 
and Southerly to Sudbury Street - - - j 

From Cambridge Street by M r . Callenders ) ^ T . , ,, 

^ & TT . n J > Middlecot Street 

House to Beacon Hill ------ j 

From Middlesex Street, round the bottom ^ 

of Beacon Hill into Hancock Street [ Hill Street 
opposite M r . Austin's Rope Walk - - ) 

From Cambridge Street opposite Staniford ) ^ , 

o, ,1 i TT-n c lemple Street 

Street southerly to Beacon Hill - - - j 

From Hill Street Northerly passing by ^ 

Deacon Landman and M r . Breed's > Ridgway Lane 
Estate into Cambridge Street - - - - ) 

From Hanover Street by D r . Packers to ) ^ . 

,, ,,.,, ^ , J } Friends Street 

the Mill Pond - j 

From Friends Street, opposite M r . Spears ) ^ 

r, ,, ^Deacon's Street 

House, to Cold Lane j 

From Ann Street North of the Bridge into ) 

MT- 1 11 cn. c Center Street 

Middle Street j 

From North Street by D r . Eliots Meeting ) ri k St f 

TT j_ 01 0^ j_ C VylIli."o OUCCL 

House into Ship Street j 

Washington Street from Orange Street ^ 

at Fortification - - - to the Bounds > Washington Street 
of the Town at the Roxbury Line - - ) 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1788. 181 

[85.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally Warned 
in Public Town Meeting Assembled at Fanuiel Hall on Thurs- 
day the 25 th September Anno Domini 1788 - - 3 0. Clock 
P:M:- 

Warrant for calling the Meeting 

Moved & Voted, that a Moderator be chosen by a Hand Vote 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r : chosen Moderator of this Meet- 
ing read 

The Article in the Warrant read, together with the Petition of 
a Number of the Inhabitants for calling this Meeting - - - read 

The Selectmen also laid before the Inhabitants a State of the 
Small Pox for some time past, whereby it Appeared that the 
Small Pox was not now in any Family in this Town, save at the 
Hospital at New Boston whereupon the following - - - - 

Voted, that the Selectmen of this Town be & hereby are Ap- 
pointed a Committee to waite upon the Gentlemen Selectmen of 
Brookline & other Towns in the Vicinity in which Hospitals for 
the Practice of Inoculation have been permitted, to request that 
every precaution should be taken to Inure the strictest observance 
of the respective regulations and at the same time to prevent all 
unnecessary intercourse between the Inhabitants of this Town 
and any of the Patients or Persons belonging to such Hospitals, 
from whom any danger of Infection may be reasonably Appre- 
hended, in order as far as possible to guard against any future 
Alarm from this quarter 

[86.] On a Motion Voted, that the Petitioners relative to 
the small Pox have leave to withdraw their Petition 

Voted, that the Selectmen be requested to publish the State of 
the small Pox in all the Public Papers in this Commonwealth 

The Meeting was 
dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 8 th . Day 
of October A. D. 1788 10. O Clock : A : M : 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read 

The Inhabitants having determined to choose two Representa- 
tives Agreeably to the Precept received for that purpose it was 



182 CITY DOCUMENT. 

moved & Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned for that pur- 
pose to 3 O'Clock : P : M - 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournm 1 . 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for two Representatives and then it was declared by the 
Selectmen that they proposed the Poll should be closed at half 
past 4 O'Clock - 

The Votes being brought in for two Representatives, the Num- 
ber of the same were found to be two hundred & sixty two 
and upon sorting them it Appeared, that the following Gentlemen 
were chosen by a Majority of Votes Viz*. 

Votes 

[87.] Hon ble : Oliver Wendell Esq r . 252 

Christopher Gore Esq. 154 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen It was moved & and Voted, that a Moderator be 
chosen by a Hand Vote, to preside in the Meeting for transacting 
the other Matters mentioned in the Warrant 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator, and took his Seat 

The Article in the Warrant relative to the Assise of Bread 
was read, and After debate had thereon, it was moved and Voted, 
that the further debate on this Matter shall subside 

The Committee relative to a New School at the South part of 
the Town Reported whereupon 

Voted, that this Report be recommitted, and said Committee 
are Instructed to prepare a plan of the Land and School House 
together with an Estimate of what may be the expence of the 
proposed Undertaking, and Report at the next Town Meeting 
Copy & Papers dl'd M r . Gore 

On a Motion Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Thurs- 
day Next the being the 16 th Ins 1 , at 3. O'Clock P : M 

Thursday the 16 th of October 3. Clock P : M : Met according 
to Adjournment 

The Selectmen Committee relative to the Lower End of State 
State Street Report, that they have examined the Records of the 
Town and made enquiry with whom the charge and duty lays of 
paving and repairing the lower end of State street, from Admiral 
Vernons Head to the Long Wharff, are of Opinion, that it is the 



BOSTON TOWN RECOEDS, 1788. 183 

duty of the Town to do the same, the Abutters paying their pro- 
portionable part ^ Order John Scollay Chairman 

[88.] The aforegoing Report having been considered, it was 
Voted that the same be accepted and that the Selectmen be In- 
structed to order such Repairs to said Street & in such Manner 
as they may Judge expedient and with as much speed as may be 

Voted that all Matters unfinished at this Meeting be referred 
over to the Next Town Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
of Twenty one Years and upwards, qualified as the Constitution 
prescribes legally Warned in public Town Meeting Assembled at 
Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 18 th Day of December Anno 
Domini 1788. 10 O Clock A. M. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r : Freeman , 
"Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Resolve of the General Court for calling the Meeting for the 
Inhabitants to give in their Votes for One Person to Represent 
the People in Congress & was read 

. The Selectmen after taking the sense of the Town directed the 
Inhabitants to bring in their Votes for a Representative in Con- 
gress It was then declared that no Votes would be received but 
such as are unfolded & that the Poll was to be Closed at 12. 
O Clock ; Bells to be rung at past 11 O'Clock " 

3 O Clock P : M Assigned for bringing in Votes for Electors of 
President 

[89.] Persons Voted, as Representatives for the District of 
Suffolk with the Number of Votes for each Person Viz 1 . 

Votes 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 439 

Hon ble : Samuel A. Otis Esq r . ----- 15 

Fisher Ames Esq r . 445 

Hon ble : James Bowdoin Esq r . 2 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P: M 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met According to Adjournment 



184 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Persons Voted, for as Candidates for an Elector of President 
& Vice President for the United States, with the Number of 
Votes for each Person Viz*. 

Votes 

Hon ble : Jabez Fisher Esq r . 369 

Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . 289 

Hon ble : Thomas Dawes Esq r . 85 

Hon ble : James Bowdoin Esq r . ----- 3 

Cap'. Norton Brailsford ------- l 

Cap*. Elias Parkman _.. l 

Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as Representatives 
for the District of Suffolk & Candidates for an Elector of Presi- 
dent & Vice President for the United States, were committed to 
the Secretary of this Commonwealth, and the Inclosures sealed 
up in Town Meeting Subscribed as follows Viz*. 
For 

John Avery Esq r : 

Secretary of the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts 

The Number of the Votes for the Town of Boston for a Person 
to Represent the. People in the Congress of the United States & 
for two Persons as Candidates for an Elector of the President 
and Vice President of the United States Certified & Sealed up in 
Town Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



[9O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, duly qualified & legally warned in pub- 
lic Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
9 th of March Anno Domini 1789 10 O Clock Fore-noon 

Prayer was made by the Rev d : M r : Montague 
Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read 

Sundry Laws to be read at this Meeting were accordingly - - - 
read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, & the same being brought 
in & sorted it Appeared that 

The Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 
was chosen. 

William Cooper 
was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing and took the Oath 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1789. 185 

of Office for the faithful discharge of his Duty, which Oath was 
Administered to him by Ezekiel Price Esq r : As Also the Oath of 
Allegiance, which was signed as the Law directs 

The Town having determined by Vote to choose Nine Select- 
men the Inhabitants were then directed" to withdraw & bring in 
their Votes for that Number ; and the same being brought in and 
sorted it Appeared that the following gentlemen Viz*. 
[91.] John Scollay Esq r : 

Harbottle Dorr Esq r : 

Ezekiel Price Esq r : 

John Brown Esq r :----- (Dead) 

Cap*. Edward Tyler 

John Andrews P^sq r : 

Thomas Walley Esq r : 

Deacon William Boardman 

M r . Ebenezer Seaver 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing and had the Oath of 
Allegiance Administred to them by the Town Clerk the same 
was also signed by them as the Law directs 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for Twelve Overseers of the Poor, and the Votes being 
brought in and sorted it Appeared that 

Jonathan Mason Esq r : 

M r . Samuel Whitwell 

John White Esq r : 

Edward Procter Esq r . 

John Sweetser Esq r . 

Jonathan L. Austin Esq r : 

M r . Samuel Parkman 

M r . Edward Edes 

Henry Hill Esq r . 

M r . John Codman Jun r . 

M r . William Smith 

M r . William Phillips Ju r . 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

[92.] Votes, for a Treasurer of the County of Suffolk 
brought in and counted by the Moderator and Town Clerk, 
when it Appeared that the whole Number was two hundred eighty 
Six, and that they were all for Thomas Crafts Esq r : A discreet 
Suitable Person being a Freeholder, and Resident in the same 
County Mem : the Attested Copies dl'd y 1 . Clerk of Sessions 

On a Motion Voted, that the choice of Wardens subside 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for sixteen Fire Wards and the same having been brought 
in and sorted, it Appeared that 



186 CITY DOCUMENT. 

William Cooper 

Edward Proctor Esq r . - - - - excused 
Thomas Tileston 
Thomas Melville Esq r . 
Jabez Hatch Esq r . 
Hon* le : Caleb Davis Esq r . 
Joseph Russell Jun r . Esq r - 
John Winthrop Esq r . 
John May Esq r . 
M r . Jacob Rhodes 
Samuel Brick Esq r . 
M*. Joseph Clarke 
Paul Dudley Sergeant Esq r . excused 
Thomas Russell Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Parkman 
M r . Daniel Hubbard 
were chose Fire Wards for the Year ensuing 

[93.] On a Motion Voted, that the Clerk of Faneuil Hall to 
be chosen, shall give Bond to the Selectmen, and be sworn to the 
faithful discharge of his Trust ; and to Account and Settle with 
the Selectmen once a Week 

Voted, that the pay of the Person that shall be chosen the 
Clark of Faneuil Hall Market be left to the Selectmen 

The Vote being brought in for a Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market 
it appeared that 

M r . Matthew Nazro 
was chosen Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market for the Year ensuing 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P. M. 
3. O. Clock P. M : Met According to Adjournment 

The Selectmen were chosen surveyors of the High Ways for the 
year ensuing 

John White Esq r . 
John Sweetser Esq r . 

were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the year ensuing 
Mess 18 : Thomas Green 
John Skinner 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing 

Mess rs : Benjamin White 
Samuel Dyer 
William Crafts 
Andrew Townsend 
William Todd 
were chose Fence Viewers for the year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1789. 187 

[94.] Mess rs : William Billings 

Samuel Bangs 

Nathan Green 

Thomas Bradlee 

Jacob Holland 
were chose Sealei'S of Leather for the Year ensuing 

M r . Adam Colson 
was chose an Informer of Deer for the Year ensuing. 

Mess rs : George Hamlin 
John Skinner 
Francis' Booth 
were chose Hogreeves for the ensuing Year 

Mess rs : Francis Booth 

Cap'. Samuel Ballard (resigned) 
Cap'. John Ballard Sen r . 
were chosen Haywards for the ensuing Year 

On a Motion Voted, that Col : Crafts be a Committee to revise 
the By Law of the Town and be desired to revise the Law relative 
to Bulls & Report at the Adjournment 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to procure two Bulls, to 
go at large on the Common untill the 5 th of April next 

Voted, that four per cent be Allowed and hereby is allowed the 
Collectors of Taxes for the year ensuing for all such Sums of 
Money and public Securities of the Sums committed to them to 
Collect within Ten Months from the Receipt of the Tax Books 
and three per cent on all such other Sums as shall Afterwards be 
Collected also that such Collectors shall give Bond [95.] with 
Sufficient Sureties to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen, for the 
faithful discharge of their Duty in said Office and complying with 
this Vote and that they will not receive any Premium or Gra- 
tuity for discounting Any Order, Note or Receipt from the Treas- 
urer of the State, or the Treasurer of the Town 

Mess rs : Benjamin Henderson 

James Thompson 

Thomas Bayley 

Charles Williams 

were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing & qualified 
themselves as the Law directs 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are empowered & 
directed to set for such Abatement of Taxes as they shall Judge 
reasonable, two Days in each Week, After the delivery of the 
Tax Bill's to the Collector's for the space of six Weeks and no 



188 CITY DOCUMENT. 

longer, Saving that they be Allowed to Set the last Week in 
February, Lords Days excepted for the Abatement of the Taxes 
of such Persons as had not an Opportunity of Applying in the 
Above limited Time by reason of their being out of the Com- 
monwealth or any other unavoidable hindrance, and that the 
Assessors determine upon two said Days which is to be Noted on 
the Tax Bills to be delivered to the Inhabitants 

Voted, that the Allowance to the Assessors be five shillings ^ 
Day, for the Time they may set in doing the Business of their 
Office 

[96.] Voted, that M r . William Lowder 
Gyles Harris Esq r . 
Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 
John R. Sigorney 
M r . Edward Davis 

were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing & qualified themselves 
as the Law directs 

Voted, that the 

Hon ble : Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

Joseph Russell Jun r . Esq r . 

Maf. William Bell 

Samuel Brick Esq r . 

Cap*. James Prince 

be a Committee on the Article in the Warrant Viz* : "To con- 
sider the Application of John May Esq r : that a Common Shore 
may be carried from Boston Neck into the Bay at the Expence of 
the Town " Also the Estimate presented And said Committee 
are desired to make enquiry, how far the Proprietors have com- 
plied with the Terms of their Purchase and to Report at the 
Adjournment what they shall Judge proper to be done 

The Petition of D r . Joseph Whipple by Cap*. Samuel Laha 
relative to improving a house at Rainsford Island, was read 
whereupon Voted that the Petition be granted, and that the 
Town do Approve of their request 

[97.] The Petition of Samuel Abbot Esq r : was read, where- 
upon 

Voted, that the same be referred to the Committee hereafter to 
be Appointed to consider what Sum it is necessary should be 
raised for the Expences of the Town and to Report at the Ad- 
journment. 

Joseph Barrel declines 

Hon ble : Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

Jonathan Mason Sen r . Esq r . 

Joseph Russell Jun r . Esq 8 . 

Thomas Crafts Esq r . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1789. 189 

were then Appointed a Committee to take this Petition and the 
State of the Other Creditors of the Town into consideration & to 
Report at the Adjournment the Sum necessary to be raised for 
the service of the present Year 

Also Voted, that the Town Treasurer's Accompts be referred 
to said Committee for their examination 

Adjourned to Tuesday fortnight 10' OClock Forenoon 

Tuesday the Seventeenth Day of March 10. O'Clock Forenoon, 
Met According to Adjournment 

The following Officers were chosen and should have followed 
the choice of Fire Wards for Town Treasurer 

Peter Boyer Esq r : 

was chosen Treasurer for the Year ensuing who took the Oath of 
Office also the Oath of Allegiance and Subscribed the same which 
Oath were Administered to him by the Town Clerk 

[98.] The Inhabitants having brought in their Votes for 
Twelve Constables upon sorting them it Appeared that 

Mess rs : Benjamin Homans 

Samuel Whitney 

Shubael Hewes 

John Bosson 

John Butterfield 

James Perkins 

John Cades 

John M c .Lane ------ declines 

Samuel Smith 

Henry Crompston 

James Williams declines 

Edward Wentworth 

were chose Constables for the Year ensuing, and were all quali- 
fied as the Law directs 

Saving M r . M c .Lane & 

M r . James Williams 
who decline serving as Noted Above 

The Moderator of this Meeting having Acquainted the Town 
by Letter, that the business of the Council then Setting prevented 
his Attendance 

The Hon ble : Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator of the Meeting Pro. Tern . 

Col. Proctor, & Col. Sergeant who were chosen Fire Wards 
having declined Serving in that Office 



190 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[99.] Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby are 
given to said Gentlemen as also to M r . John Lowell, Andrew 
Symmes Esq r : M r . Henry Bass & Ebn r . Hancock Esq r . for their 
good & faithful service in the Office of Fire Wards a Number of 
Years Past 

Tbe Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their 
Votes for two Fire Wards, & the same having brought in and 
counted it Appeared that 

Cap 4 . John Ballard 

M r . Edward Edes 
were chosen 

M r . William M c Neil 

John Gray Esq r : 
were chose Surveyors of Hemp for the Year ensuing 

Mess r8 : Henry Blaisdel 

John Champney 

Benjamin Page 

Joshua Bentley 

Samuel Dyer 

James Rogers 

Abraham Hayward 

Edmund Ranger 

Clement Collens 

Moses May 

John Cogswell 

Benjamin White 

were chose Surveyers of Boards & Shingles for the Year ensu- 
ing- 
Mess 18 : Job Wheelwright 

Joshua Pico 

Thomas Purkett 
[1OO.] William Parkman 

Lemuel Gardner 

Joseph Loring 

Thomas Foster 

John Bray 

Edward Dolbeare 

Caleb Hayden 

Edward Burt 

Manassah Marston 

Samuel Harris 

John Owen 

Samuel Avis 

Eben r : Woodward 

David Marston 

Arther Langford 
were chose Surveyers of Hoops & Staves for the Year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1789. 191 

M r : Edward Jones 

was chosen a Hay ward in the Room of Cap 1 : Samuel Ballard, who 
declined serving 

The Vote for choosing four Clerks of the Market, reconsidered, 
& it was Voted that the Matter as to Clerks of the Market, be 
referred to the Adjournment 

The Report of the Committee on the Petition of Samuel Abbot 
Esq r : read whereupon Voted that when this Meeting is Ad- 
journed it shall be to Monday next, 10 O 'Clock A : M : for the 
purpose of taking up this Report, and all Money Matters 

The Town Clerk is directed to give Notice thereof to the Town 
in all the Public Papers 

The Committee relative to Bulls Reported : on Motion said Re- 
port was committed to the Committee [1O1.] for revising the 
Code of By Laws who are desired to Report a By Law for the 
purpose aforesaid at the Adjournment Voted that 

Joseph Russell Jun r . Esq r . 

Cap 1 . James Prince 

Maj r . William Thompson 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to Audit the Accompts 
of the Town Treasurer & also the Accounts of the Selectmen and 
Overseers of the Poor And to Report as soon as may be 

On a Motion Voted, that it be recommend to the Constables 
that they Walk on the Lords Day as Usual in Order to prevent 
disorders on that Day 

Adjourned Agreeable to the presiding Vote to Monday next 
being the 23 d . Ins 1 : 10 O'Clock A : M. 

Monday the 23 d March 10 O'Clock A : M : Met According to 
Adjournment 

Moved & Voted, to Choose 12 Clerks of the Market, as usual 

The Committee relative to M r . Abbots Petition, and other 
Money Matters, having Reported the Sum Necessary to be 
Raised by the Town for to defray the Expences of the Current 
Year It was moved & Voted, that this Report be recommitted 
and that said Committee be directed to confer with the Committee 
Appointed to Audit the Town Treasurers Accompts, and to Re- 
port again at the General Town Meeting in May next. Also 
Voted that the said Committee who are Appointed to prepare an 
Estimate of the Town Necessary to be raised the Present Year 
be a Committee to Consider of the Salaries & [1O2.] Grants 
Necessary for the School Masters & Other Salary Men, and that 



192 CITY DOCUMENT. 

the said Committee Notify the School- Masters, Town Clerk, 
Town Treasurer and Other Salary Men who have not had their 
pay Voted Them, of their Time of Setting that they may be 
heard by said Committee before, they Report thereon to the 
Town 

The Petition of Paul D. Sergeant Esq r . & M r . George Make- 
peace were read, whereupon Moved & Voted, that said Petition 
be committed 

Jonathan Mason Jun r : 

Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . 

M r . Joseph May 

Hon ble : Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

Maj r . William Thompson 

and the Committee are Instructed to enquire into the Circum- 
stances of the Petitioners, and Report to the Town what they 
shall Judge Reasonable and best to be done on those Petitions 

M r . Bayley One of the Collectors of Taxes for the present Year 
having proposed a Check on the Collectors for the Consideration 
of the Town It was moved & Voted, that said proposal be re- 
ferred to the Committee on M r . Seargeants & M r . Makepeaces 
Petition for their Consideration, who are desired to Report to the 
Town what they shall Judge best to be done thereon 

Cap*. James Prince 

M r . Samuel Hunt 

M r . Jeremiah Williams 

M r . Benjamin Green Ju r . 

M r . David Spear Jun r . 

M r . Caleb Blodget 
[1O3.] M r . Joseph Callender Jun r . 

M r . Samuel Torrey 

M r . William Morrel 

M r . Thomas Boardman 

Col. Samuel Bradford 

M r . Nathan Bond 

M r . Andrew Oliver 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

M r . Jacob Bucknam 
chosen Hayward for the Year ensuing 

Mess 18 : Joseph Ayres 
Josiah Nottage 
Maj r . Joshua Davis 
were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which shall remain unfin- 
ished at this Meeting be referred over to the General Town Meet- 
ing in May next 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1789. 193 

Col. Crafts Appointed for that purpose Reported the follow- 
ing, By Law relative to Bulls 

It is hereby Ordered that the Selectmen shall cause two or 
more good Bulls to be provided, which shall be placed, and be 
permitted to go at Large upon the Common, from the first Day 
of April to the first Day of November and one or more from the 
first Day of November to the first Day of April Yearly & every 
year 

And it is hereby Voted, & Ordered that whosoever shall keep 
any Cow or Cows going at Large within the Neck of Boston shall 
pay into the hands of such Person or Persons as the Selectmen 
shall from [1O4.] Time to Time Appoint to receive the same, a 
Sum not exceeding Six shillings ^ Annum for each Cow, for the 
purpose of keeping two or more Bulls to go at Large on the Com- 
mon from the first Day of April to the first Day of November. 
And one or more from the first Day of November to the first Day 
of April following as the Selectmen shall Order from Year to 
Year & for paying the Cow keeper or Person or Persons that shall 
be Appointed by the Selectmen to receive said Money And the 
Selectmen are hereby ordered and directed, that some time in the 
Month of April A. D. 1789 & every Year hereafter in the Month 
of February to Appoint some Person or Persons to receive said 
Sum not exceeding Six Shillings, whose Name or Names shall be 
published in the News Papers, & every Person having any Cow 
or Cows shall Apply to said Person or Persons so Appointed 
some time in the Month of April Yearly & pay to him the Sum 
so Assessed by the Selectmen, and the Person or Persons so Ap- 
pointed are hereby directed to give a Certificate to the Owner of 
each Cow shewing that they have paid the Sum so Assessed by 
the Selectmen And the Person or Persons so Appointed by the 
Selectmen is hereby ordered & directed to call on every Person 
having a Cow or Cows sometime in the Month of May Yearly 
who have Neglected to pay unto him the Sums Assessed by the 
Selectmen, and have not received a Certificate from him or them 
of the payment of the same And if any Person or Persons 
shall have any Cow or Cows which they shall keep in their Pas- 
tures or Inclosures & do not Suffer them to go at Large on the 
Common, he or they shall pay a Sum not exceeding three Shillings 
towards the Bulls ; And if any Cow or Cows shall be found going 
on the Common whose Owner has not paid the Sums as Assessed 
by the Selectmen not exceeding six Shillings [1O5.] and the 
Sum not exceeding three Shillings, and obtained a Certificate of 
having so done, such Owner shall forfeit and pay the Sum of 
Twelve Shillings, being thereof convicted before any one of the 
Justices of the Peace within the County of Suffolk, the same to 
be recovered by the Person or Persons impowered by the Select- 
men to Collect the Money, and to be employed for and towards 
the defraying the Charges Aforesaid 



194 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Voted, That all Laws heretofore made respecting Bulls and 
Cows be and hereby are Repealed The aforegoing having been 
Read and duly considered Voted, that the same be Accepted 
as a By Law, and that the Selectmen be desired to present it 
to the Next Court of General Sessions of the Peace for their 
Approbation 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 

[1O6.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of Twenty One Years of Age and upwards, qualified 
as the Constitution prescribes, and legally warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 6 Day of 
April Anno Domini 1789 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r : West 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Paragraph of the Constitution or Frame of Goverment, relative 
to the choice of Governor, and Senators also read 

It was declared by the Selectmen that no Votes, would be re- 
ceived but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll 
should be closed at One O'Clock & the Votes to be received 
at the Table 

On a Motion Voted, that the Bells in the Town be set a Toll- 
ing half an hour before one O'Clock 

Persons Voted for as GOVERNOR with the Number of Votes for 
each Person Viz* : 

Votes 

His Excellency John Hancock Esq r . - - - 1265 

Hon le : James Bowdoin Esq r . 569 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 1 

Persons Voted for as Liev*. Governor with the Number of 
Votes for each Person Viz 1 . 

Votes 

Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 1219 

Hon ble . Benjamin Lincoln Esq r . ... - 617 
His Excellency John Hancock Esq r . - - - 1 
M r . John Richardson Jun r - 1 

[1O7.] Persons Voted, for as Senators for the County of 
Suffolk with the Number of Votes for each Person Viz*. 

Votes 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 1808 

Hon ble : William Phillips Esq r . 1823 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1789. 195 

Votes 

Hon ble : Cotton Tuffet Esq r - 1 789 

Hon ble : Steven Metcalf Esq 669 

Hon ble : Thomas Dawes Esq r . 1820 

Hon ble : Elijah Dunbar Esq r . 494 

Hon ble : William Heath Esq r . 1144 

Hon ble : Benjamin Austin Ju r . Esq. - - - 1184 

John Read Esq r . 177 

Hon ble : John Lowell Esq. 3 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . ----..._ 9 

Hon ble : Richard Cranch Esq r . 8 

Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . 1 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . ---_... 5 

Hon ble : Oliver Wendell Esq r . 1 

M r . John Richardson Ju r . ------ 1 

M r . Palfrey Collins 2 

M r . Abraham Fuller 2 

Hon ble : Samuel Nyles Esq r . 2 

Hon ble : Benjamin Lincoln Esq r . - - - - 3 
Hon ble : Jabez Fisher Esq r . 3 

Attested Copies of the 

Persons Voted for as Governor, Liev*. Governor and Senators 
for the County of Suffolk, were committed to the Secretary of 
this Commonwealth, and the Inclosures Sealed up in Town Meet- 
ing Subscribed as follows Viz*. 
[1O8.] For 

John Avery Esq 

Secretary of the Commonwealth 
of 

Massachusetts. 

The Number of Votes for the Town of Boston for a Governor 
Liev* : Governor and six Senators for the County of Suffolk Cer- 
tified within and sealed up in Town Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 

[1O9.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 
12 th Day of May A : D : 1789 10 O Clock A: M 

Prayer was made by the Rev 4 . D r . Stillman 
Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read 

That part of the Constitution or Frame of Goverment which 
relates to the choice of Representatives, read 



196 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Sundry Laws to be read at said Meeting or part of them were 
accordingly - - read 

The Town having determined to Choose 'Seven Persons to 
Represent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to be held 
at the State House in Boston on the last Wednesday of May 
Current, Agreeable to the Constitution or Frame of G-overment 
for the Massachusetts The Inhabitants were directed to with- 
draw & bring in their Votes for Seven Representatives and there 
it was declared by the Selectment that no Votes would be re- 
ceived but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll 
should be closed at | past 12 O 'Clock 

The Votes being brought in for Seven Representatives, the 
Number of the same were found to be six hundred fifty Eight 
and upon sorting them it Appeared that the following Gentlemen 
were Chosen by a majority of Votes Viz*. 

Votes 

[11O.] (resigned) Hon hle : Oliver Wendell Esq r . - - 621 

Samuel Brick Esq r . 648 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . ... - 659 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . ------ 625 

John Winthrop Esq r . - ... 337 

Thomas Dawes Jun r . Esq r . - - - 656 

Thomas Russell Esq r . 654 

A Letter of Thomas Russell Esq r . Acquainting the Town that 
he declined serving as Representative - was read 

D r . Jarvis being in Town Meeting Acquainted the Town that 
he declined Serving as a Representative 

Moved and Voted, that the consideration of these declinations 
& how the Town will proceed thereon be referred to 3. O Clock 
P: M: 

Adjourned to 3 : O 'Clock P : M : 

3. O'Clock P : M : Met According to Adjournment 

A Letter from Thomas Dawes Ju r . Acquainting the Town that 
he declined Serving as a Representative. 

Adjourned this Meeting for the Choice of Representatives to 
Thursday next 10. O'Clock 

It was then Moved & Voted, that the Town now come to the 
Choice of a Moderator by a Hand Vote, in order to Transact the 
other Affairs mentioned in the Warrant 

The Hon ble : Thomas Dawes Esq r . was chosen Moderator. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1789. 197 

The Petition of M r . Samuel Davis that the Town would Lease 
him a Piece of Land" was read, whereupon Voted, that this 
Petition be reserved to the Selectmen for consideration who are 
desired to Report at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

[111.] The Report of the Committee to Audit the Town 
Treasurers Accompts was read whereupon the Question was 
put Whether said Report shall be Accepted Passed in the 
Affirmative the Report is as follows Viz*. 

The Committee on the Town Treasurer's Accounts Report that 
upon examination thereof, they Appear to be methodically stated 
& regularly kept Also that the Sums charged in the Towns 
Account Current from the 8 th of March 1788 to the 7 th of March 
1 789 as rendered by the Town Treasurer are Authorized by 
proper documents & Vouchers 

The Sums Charged are as follows For disco' : of 710 
Paper Money charged in the Towns Books to Col. Andrew 
Symmes, which he Applied in payment of bounty to Soldiers in 

July 1778 167 ,, 1 ,, 2 

For purchase of 1190 ,, 5 ,, 6 in Army ^ 

Notes, at the rate of 8/ for20/to discharge 

Arrears of Taxes Assess 'd on the Town, I ._ fi 1 ,. 

for the Commonwealth, being of Abate- 
ments thereupon in the Year 1785, 6, 7 

& 8 

For Abatements From a Town Tax Assessed 

1787 1258 ,, 6 ,, 8 

For payments of Interest on Debts of the 

Town - - 429 ,, 7 ,, H 

For payments of Notes issued by D Jeffries, 

former Treasurer --- 24,, 12, ,4 

For 12 Drafts of the 

Selectmen - - - 4419 ,, 14 ,, H^- 
12 Drafts of the Over- 
seers of the Poor - 2581 ,, 14 ,, lOf 

7001 9 ,, 10J 



Total 9356 ,, 18 ,, 7f 

The Sums passed to the Credit of the Town, are as follows 

For Errors in Drafts &c 16 ,, 10 ,, 2 

Fines received 4 , , 4 , , 

Dues received from J Cunningham & Town ") 1Q7 -. ,,, 

ofWilbraham \ ' " 16 " b * 

Money received for a Tomb 7 ,, 10/ for) . q 1f . 

Battery Wharf 36 } " " 

Quit Rents received 7, ,4,, 

Rents received for Towns Estate Leased out 425 ,, 15 ,, 9 



198 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Income of y e . Market - 148,, 9,, 3 

For a Tax Assessed on the Inhabitants 10 th ) 7 Qnn 

Septem r :1788 j /y( U " 

Total 8683 ,, 6 ,, 9 

8683 ,, 6 ,, 9 
Surmount of Charges Above the 

Eeceipts & Tax 673 ,, 11 ,, 10f 



9356 ,, 18 ,, 7f 

Besides the Above Deficiency of 673 ,, 11 ,, lOf 

there will be a Large deduction from the Tax of 1788 for Abate- 
ments and Charge of Collections and the further sum of 3604 ,, 
16/ will become due in the course of this Year 1789 for Inter- 
est on Notes issued by the Town Treasurer for Debts of the 
Town Amounting to 13481 ,, 16 ,, 11 J 

All which is Submitted 
Boston May 11 th . 1789. J. Prince 

The Committee Appointed to Report an Estimate of the Sum 
Necessary to be raised by the Town for the Expences of the 
present Year Reported Accordingly whereupon 

Voted, That4he Sum of One hundred & fifty Pounds be allowed 
& paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary the present Year the 
same to commence the 1 st . of March last and to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due - 

Voted, that M r . Nathan Davis have the like Sum, to be paid in 
like manner &c 
reconsidered 

Voted, that the sum of One hundred & forty five Pounds, be 
paid to M r . John Tileston for his Salary as Master of the North 
Writing School to commence the I 8t . of March last and to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due And the said Sum was 
likewise Granted to each of the Other Writing Masters &c. in 
like Manner &c. reconsidered 

Voted, that M r . John Tileston and the Other Writing Masters 
of the Town Schools who have families be allowed for House 
Rent the present year the Sum of thirty Pounds each, the same 
to be paid them Quarterly as it shall become due and to commence 
the 1 st . of March last 

[113.] Adjourned to Tuesday next 10 O'Clock A : M : - 

Thursday the 14 th Day of May 10 O'Clock A: M : Met Ac- 
cording to Adjournment for the Choice of Representatives 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1789. 199 

Selectmen Preside 

A Letter from the Hon ble : Oliver Wendell Esq r : declining an 
Acceptance of the trust of a Representative was read 

Moved that there be a re-consideration of the Vote passed the 
12 Ins 1 : for the Choice of Seven Representatives And the 
Question being accordingly put Passed in the Negative 

Moved & Voted, that 3'O Clock P : M : be assigned for the 
Choice of four Representatives in the Room of those Gentlemen 
chosen who have declined Serving the Trust & that the Poll be 
closed at 5 O 'Clock 

Col. Dawes then took the Chair 

Moved that the Town now reconsider the Vote passed the 12 
Ins*, for granting Salaries to the several School Masters, and 
that it be left to the Gentelmen Selectmen to Affix Salaries for 
the Masters & Ushers and all Other Matters, relative to the 
School Masters & Ushers of the Public Schools for the Time to 
Come After debate the Question being Accordingly put 
Passed in the Affirmative 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P : M : 
3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 
Selectmen Preside 

[114.] The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for four Representatives and the same being 
brought in Sorted & Counted, the whole number was found to be 
386 and the same being sorted it appeared that the four following 
Gentlemen were chosen by a Majority of Votes Viz* 

Votes 

(Resigned) Hon ble : James Bowdoin Esq r . 232 

Christopher Gore Esq r . - - - - 321 

Henry Hill Esq r . 215 

D r . William Eustis 221 

Adjourned to Past 6. O'Clock 

5. O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 
Col. Dawes in the Chair 

The Report of the Committee to prepare an Estimate of Ex- 
pences & again read whereupon it was moved that the Vote 
passed on Tuesday last "granting Salaries &c to the School 



200 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Masters and that this and other Matters relative to the School 
Masters be left to the Selectmen " be now reconsidered After 
debate had thereon the Question was accordingly put for a recon- 
sideration Passed in the Negative 

Voted, that Peter Boyer Esq r . be Allowed and paid the Sum of 
One hundred and Twenty Pounds for his services as Treasurer 
the present Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall 
become due, and to commence the 1 March last 

Voted, that William Cooper be allowed and paid the Sum of 
One hundred & Twenty Pounds for his services as Town Clerk 
the ensuing year, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall 
become due " and to commence the first of March Last 

[115.] Voted, that the Selectmen publish a List of Salaries, 
paid by the Town, in the several News Papers 

On a Motion Voted, that the Above Vote be now reconsidered 

Voted, that the Sum of Ten thousand three hundred & Twenty 
Pounds be raised by a Tax to be Assessed on the Polls and 
Estates of the Inhabitants of this Town, to defray the Expences 
of the Current Year 

Adjourned to to Morrow 10 O'Clock A : M 

May 15 th . 10. O'Clock A: M: Met According to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Selectmen Preside 

Adjourned to 11. O'Clock, then to come to the Choice of a 
Representative in the Room of M r . Bowdoin who has resigned 
And it was declared by the Selectmen, the Poll will be Closed at 
12 O Clock M r . Bowdoins Letter of resignation read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their 
Votes for one Selectman in the Room of John Brown Esq r . lately 
deceased And the Votes being brought in it Appeared that 

Jabez Hatch Esq r . 
was chosen a Selectman, unanimously 

The Selectmen a Committee on the Petition of M r . Samuel 
Daw, that a Piece of the Towns Land near the Common might be 
rented to him Reported Verbally That in their Opinion it 
would not be for the Interest of the Town to grant the Petition 
And that the Petitioner have leave to withdraw s d : Petition the 
Question being put passed in the Affirmative 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1789. 201 

[116.] David Townsend Jun r . chosen a Surveyor of Boards 
for the Year ensuing 

Adjourned to 12. O'Clock Noon 

Selectmen preside 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for one Representative in the room of the Hon ble : James 
Bowdoin Esq r . who has declined the Trust And the Votes 
being brought in and counted, the whole Number was found to be 
703 And the same being sorted it Appeared, that 

Charles Jarvis Esq r : 
was chosen by a Majority of Votes. 

Col : Dawes in the Chair 

M r . Philip Jarvis 
M r . Joseph Scott 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

Moved & Voted, that the Sum of Two Thousand Pounds be 
Appropriated out of the present Tax for the Use of the Alms- 
house and that there be a Column for the same, in the Tax Bills 
to be Issued 

Moved & Voted, That the Sum of Thirty Six hundred Pounds 
be Appropriated out of the past & present Tax for the payment 
of Interest to the Creditors of the Town 

A Vote of Thanks was moved & carried to the Committee to 
prepare an Estimate of Expences for their good services as a 
Committee 

Adjourned to Wednesday next the 20 th of May Ins 1 . 10' 
O'Clock. A : M 

[117.] Wednesday the 20 m of May Ins 4 : 10. O'Clock A : M : 
met According to Adjournment 

Joseph Whittemore 
was chosen, a Culler of Staves for the ensuing Year 

On the Report of the Committee to Estimate the Sum Neces- 
sary to be raised for the Expences of the Current Year 

Voted, that the Article in said Report relative to the removal 
of Scholars of the North Grammar School. And M r . Cheneys 
Scholars to North Grammar School be inserted in the Warrant 
for the Next General Town Meeting to be called 



202 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Report of the Committee on the Petition of Col. Sargents, 
read & considered, whereupon 

Voted, that on Account of the present distressed circumstances 
of the Petitioners the Town Treasurer be directed, after he shall 
have obtained Judgement upon the suit now Instituted Against 
the said Sergeant, upon the payment of the Costs of the same, 
and the Dividend from the said Parkers Estate to suspend taking 
Execution on said Judgement untill the further Order of the 
Town- 

The Report of the same Committee on the Petition of M r . 
George Makepeace was also read and considered whereupon 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed After he shall have 
Obtained Judgement upon the suit now depending against the said 
Makepeace, upon paying of the Costs of the same also the [118.] 
dividend from the said Parkers Estate & the further Sum of One 
hundred & fifty Pounds, towards the discharge of the Judgement 
aforesaid to Suspend taking out execution on said Judgement 
until the further Order of the Town 

The Report of the said Committee on M r . Bayleys proposal, 
was also read & considered whereupon 

Voted, that the Assessors call upon the different Collectors in 
the Month of February in each Year & examine the Lists com- 
mitted to them together, with their Receipt from the different 
Treasurers & Report to the Town an accurate statement thereof 
at their Annual Meeting in March previous to the Choice of Col- 
lectors for the Year then next ensuing 

The Article in the AY arrant relative to the Wreck near the 
North Battery, read & considered whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to take the most effectual 
measures, that the Persons who Purchased the Wreck, remove the 
same immediately and if need be to commence Suits at Law for 
said purpose 

On a Motion Voted, that the Committee to Revise the By Laws 
of the Town be desired to make Report at the next General 
Town Meeting 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to Visit the Public 
Schools the ensuing Year 

The Committee appointed to consider the Application of John 
May Esq r : that a Common Shore may be carried from Boston 
Neck into the Bay & make [119.] enquiry how far. the pro- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1789. 203 

prietors of said Neck have complied with the terms of their pur- 
chase & Report have Attended that service & take leave to 
Report 

That it is not for the Intrest of the Town, or the Proprietors 
that a Common Shore should be made as Applied for The said 
Proprietors conceive they have fulfilled their Contract with the 
Town on their part, so far as the Town have enabled them to do 
Many of the Trees set out having failed, and three years Allowed 
by the Contract to replace them, they have made provision for 
the replacing them this Season The Proprietors did not give 
leave for the breaking up the Ground, for making Brick on the 
Neck, until the Selectmen gave their consent; and when they 
found it disagreable to the Inhabitants, directed the Brickmakers 
to desist ; and have ordered the Ground to be levelled 

With regard to the filling up & Repairing the sides of the Way, 
the Proprietors do not conceive themselves, held by the Contract 
to do it, solely at their Expence, & are willing that Indifferent 
Persons, should Judge between them and the Town concerning 
this business 

The Committee on hearing the Parties, give it as their Opinion, 
in order to end the Contest, and that the Ways may be made pass- 
able, that there be Three, or Five Persons, mutually chosen by 
the Selectmen and Proprietors, heare them upon the Subject and 
determine what shall be done and by whom as soon as may be all 
which is Submitted 

Thomas Dawes 

f Order 

[12O.] The aforegoing Report having been read, and Debate 
had thereon The Question was put Whether said Report 
shall be Accepted Passed in the Affirmative 

Robert Hodge 
Chosen a Culler of Hoops & Staves for'the Year ensuing 

On the Representation of the Assessors relative to the Requi- 
sitions in Form of Law made upon them by the State Treasurer 

Voted, that the Selectmen be requested to prefer a Petition to 
the General Court Agreeable to the said Representation 

On the Petition of the Assessors that an Additional Grant may 
be made them for reasons set forth in said Petition 

Voted, that one shilling ^ Day be Added to the Grant of five 
Shillings ^ Day each Assessor, in March last making in the 
whole Six shillings ^ Day for their services in said Office, being 
the same sum they had last Year 



204 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Voted, that all Matters & Things which shall remaine unfin- 
ished at this Meeting be referred over to the Next General Town 
Meeting that shall be called 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby are given to 
the Hon ble : Thomas Dawes Esq r : Moderator for his good services 
in dispatching the Business of the Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

[121.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall Saturday the 4 th Day 
of July A. D. 1789 - - 9 O Clock A : M. - - 

Warrant for calling the Meeting ... read 

William Cooper. 
was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote. 

The Committee appointed the last Year to make choise of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Independ- 
ence. 
Reported, 

That they had made choice of the Rev 4 . D r . Stillman 
for the purpose aforesaid 

On a Motion Voted that the Oration be delivered at the Stone 
Chapel 11. oClock A. M. leave having been obtained therefor 

Voted, that the Gentleman Selectmen acquaint D r . Stillman. 
with this Vote 

The Meeting was then adjourned to the Stone Chapel 11. 
O Clock A M. 

AN ORATION 

to commemorate the Independence of the United States was de- 
livered by the Rev d . D r . Stillman at the Stone Chapel to a large 
and crowded Assembly 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a 
Committee to wait on the Rev d . [122.] D r . Stillman and in the 
Name of the Town to thank him for the spirited & elegant Ora- 
tion this Day delivered by him at the request of the Town upon 
the Anniversary of the Independence of the United States of 
America in which according to the Institution of the Town he 
considered the feelings manners and principles which led to that 
great National Event, And to request a Copy thereof for the 
Press. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1789. 205 

On a Motion Voted, that the Gentleman the Selectmen be and 
hereby are appointed a Committee to apply to some one learned 
& able Gentleman to Deliver an Oration on the 4 th . of July A. D. 
1789, that Day being the Anniversary of the Independence of the 
United States of America' wherein the Orator is to consider the 
feelings, manners & principles, which led to this great National 
Event ; as well as the important & happy effects whether general 
or domestic which have already and will forever continue to flow 
from that Auspicious Epoch. 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 23 Day of 
September A D 1789. 10 O Clock before noon. 

Warrant for calling Meeting ... read. 

[123.] Hon ble : Thomas .D awes Esq r . 

chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz*. 

" To consider the proposals of a large number of the respectable 
Inhabitants of the Town, for the Instruction of the Youth of 
both Sexes, and for reforming the present System of public 
Education - ... read as were also the Proposals laid 
before the Town. 
whereupon moved & 

Voted, that said Proposals be considered 
paragraph by paragraph . 

The first paragraph was accordingly read & considered ; and 
the same accepted unanimously the 2 d paragraph read & accepted 
3 d paragraph read & accepted 4 th paragraph read & accepted 5 th 
paragraph read & considered & Voted that the whole be taken 
out of the proposals. 6 th paragraph read and Voted that the same 
be passed over. 

7 th . paragraph - - read, and accepted. 

It was then Moved & Voted, that the aforegoing propositions 
be referred to a Committee of Twelve persons to be chosen out of 
each Ward. 

Ward 

Voted, that M r . Alexander Hill 1 

William Thompson Esq r - - - 2 

Rev d . D r . Elliot 3 

Deacon Sharp ----.. 4. 

D r . William Eustis 5 

Deacon Boardman 6 



206 CITY DOCUMENT. 

D r . Simeon Howard - - - - 7 

D r . Aaron Dexter 8 

His Honor Sam 1 . Adams Esq r . ... 9 
jj on bie. Stephen Higginson Esq r . - - 10 

[124.] Rev d . John Clark 11 

Rev d . Sam 1 . West 12 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid and to consider the 
subject of Education at large & Report at the Adjournment - - - 

The other Article in the Warrant Viz*. Whether application 
shall be made to the General Court for alterations to be made in 
an Act determining what transactions shall be Necessary to con- 
stitute the Settlement of a Citizen in any particular Town - - - 
.read whereupon. 

Voted, that said Article be referred for consideration to a Com- 
mittee, to Report at the Adjournment 

Voted that the 

Gentlemen the Selectmen be a Com- 
mittee for the purpose aforesaid 

Adjourned to Thursday the 15. Day of October next 3. 
O Clock P. M. 

Thursday the 15. Day of October 1789. 3 O Clock P. M. Met 
according to Adjournment. 

The Selectmen, a Committee for the purpose Reported the 
draught of a Petition to the General Court for alterations in an 
Act determining what transactions shall be necessary to consti- 
tute the settlement of a Citizen in any particular Town and the 
same having been read & Approved of by the Town. It was 
moved & 

Voted, that the [125.] Gentleman the Selectmen be 
directed to sign the Petition in behalf of the Town, and to pre- 
sent the same to the General Court, at their next Session 

The Committee relative to the Schools. Reported, and the 
same having been read - - It was Moved & Voted, that the 
Report be considered, paragraph by paragraph. - - - 

1 st . paragraph read. when it was moved to refer the consid- 
eration of the Report to March Meeting And the Question being 
put, passed in the Negative And a Motion was then made to 
refer the consideration for a Month, which motion was also 
Negatived . 

It was then moved & Voted to Adjourn this Meeting, to the 
next Morning 10. O Clock. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1789. 207 

Friday the 16. of October. 10 O'Clock A. M. Town met ac- 
cording to Adjournment. 

The Report of the Committee relative to a new arangement of 
the Schools, was again read, and then considered by paragraphs 
- - - It was moved that the debate subside, Upon information 
given the Town that the President of the United States was like 

O 

soon to Honor this Metropolis with a Visit. It was moved & 
Voted, that a Committee be now chosen, to consider & Report 
what they shall Judge to be the best to express the Respects of 
the Town to President Washington. 

Voted that 

The Hon ble . 'Caleb Davis Esq r . 

William Eustis Esq r . 
Hon ble . Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid. 

[126.] The above Committee Reported Viz 1 . 

That the Selectmen be directed to wait on the President of the 
United States on his arrival, to present to him the respects of the 
Town to express the high sense they entertain of the great & 
illustrious services he has rendered this Country. And the heart 
felt satisfaction which the Citizens have in the Honor of his 
Visit. 

The Committee submit to the consideration of the Town, the 
propriety of evidencing their Affection & respect to the President 
by any other provision which they shall Judge proper 

The first part of this Report having been considered, It was 
moved & 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed to prepare a Congratu- 
latory Address to y e . President of the United States to be laid 
before the Town for their consideration, at the Adjournment of 
this Meeting. 

Voted, that Charles Jarvis Esq r . 
William Eustis Esq r . 
Nath 1 . Appleton 

Hon ble . Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . Moderator 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid . 

Adjourned to 3. O Clock P. M. - 
3 O Clock P. M. Town met. 



208 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The 2 d part of the Report of the Committee, relative to any 
further way of expressing their respect and Affection for Presi- 
dent Washington was read. and after some consideration - - 
It was moved and [127.] Voted, that the debate thereon, shall 
subside 

The Report of the Committee for reforming the present system 
of public education in Boston & making a new arrangment of the 
Schools and again considered by paragraphs, and amended & the 
Question was then put Whether the Report as thus amended be 

accepted, passed in the Affirmative about 140 

present. 

A Motion made was -adopted by the Town Viz*. That when 
this Meeting is adjourned it shall be to Tuesday next 10. O Clock 
A. M. being the 20. Instant, in order to choose the Committee of 
Twelve who are to be Join'd with the Selectmen to carry the new 
System of education which has been adopted by the Town into 
operation - - - and that the Inhabitants be notified hereof 
in the public Prints. 

The Report of the above Committee as laid before the Town 
by their Chairman William Thompson Esq r . and as amended & 
accepted in Town Meeting is as follows Viz*. 

The Committee to whom was referred the propositions for re- 
forming the present System of public Education in Boston, Re- 
port & offer the following Plan & Arrangment - - Viz*. 

Propositions for reforming the present System of public Edu- 
cation in Boston. 

1 st . That that there be one School in which the rudiments of 
the latin & greek languages shall be taught, and Scholars fully 
qualified for the Universities. That all Candidates for admission 
into this School, shall be at least ten years of Age [128.] having 
been previously well instructed in English Grammar, that they 
shall continue it not longer than four years, and that they have 
liberty to attend the public Writing Schools at such hours as the 
Visiting Committee shall direct. 

2 d Second That there be one Writing School at the South part 
of the Town, one at the centre and one at the North part ; that 
in those Schools the Children of both Sexes be taught writing & 
also arithmetic in the various branches usually taught in the Town 
Schools, including vulgar & decimal fractions 

3 d . Third, That there be one Reading School at the South part 
of the Town, one at the Centre, one at the North part, that in 
these Schools the Children of both Sexes, be taught to spell 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1789. 209 

accent and read both prose & verse, and also be instructed in 
English Grammar & Composition. 

4. Fourth - - That the Children of both Sexes be admitted 
into the reading & writing Schools at the age of Seven Years, 
having previously received the Instructions usual at Womens 
School that they be allowed to continue in the reading & writing 
Schools until the Age of fourteen, the Boys attending the Year 
round ; the Girls from the 20 th . of April to the 20 th . of October 
following that they attend these Schools alternately at such 
times & subject to such changes as the Visiting Committee in 
consultation with the Masters, shall approve. 

5 . Fifth. That the Committee be annually chosen by ballot to 
consist of twelve in addition to the Selectmen, whose business it 
shall be to Visit [129.] the Schools once in every Quarter, and 
as much oftener as they shall Judge proper with three of their 
number at least, to consult together in order to devise the best 
Methods for the Instruction & Government of the Schools and to 
communicate the result of their determinations to the Masters ; 
to determine at what hours the Schools shall begin, and to appoint 
play Days in their Visitations, to enquire into the particular regu- 
lations of the Schools both in regard to Instruction & Discipline, 
and give such advice to the Masters as they shall think proper, to 
examine the Scholars in the particular branches which they are 
taught, and by all proper Methods to excite in them a laudable 
ambition to excel in a virtuous, amiable deportment and in every 
branch of useful knowledge. 

The Committee recommend the following Arrangment of the 
Schools, to the acceptance of the Town .... Viz*. 

1 st . That the School House in pleasant Street now occupied by 
M r . Ticknor, be the South Reading School until a further provi- 
sion be made by a new Building. 

2 d . That the School House in West Street now occupied by M r . 
Vinal, be the South Writing School. 

3 d . That a Building be hired for a reading School near the Centre 
of the Town . 

4 th . That the School House in School Street now occupied by M r . 
Hunt be the School for Instruction in the Latin & Greek Lan- 
guages. 

5 th . That the School House in Tremont Street now occupied by 
M r . Carter, be the Central Writing School. 

6 th . That the Building in Middle Street [13O.] now occupied 
by M r . Cheney, be retained for the North Writing School. 



210 CITY DOCUMENT. 

7 th . That the School House in Love Street in which M r . Tileston 
now teaches, be continued for the North Writing School, and 
that the North Latin School House nearly contiguous be annexed 
to it in order to accomodate Writing Scholars, should their num- 
ber be greater than the former House will conveniently contain. 

The Committee further inform the Town that the Rent of a 
Building for a Reading School in the Centre of the Town and the 
charge of making some small alterations in the North Writing 
School house, will be the only extra expence necessarily incurred 
by this Plan & Arrangement, whilst the great & obvious advan- 
tages which may be derived from them to the Youth in general, 
and to the Female Sex in particular would abundantly compen- 
sate & Justify a far greater expence. 

The meeting stands Adjourned to Tuesday the 20 th . of Octo- 
ber Ins 1 . 10. O Clock A. M. 

Tuesday the 20. October 10. O Clock. A. M. Met according to 
Adjournment. 

Moved & Voted, That a Committee be now appointed to Join 
the Selectmen in devising the most suitable ways for the Inhabi- 
tants of this Town to express their affection & respect to Presi- 
dent Washington, and the sense they have of the honor done 
them by his Visit to this Metropolis, and that this Committee 
consist of Thirteen Persons. 

[131.] The following Gentleman were accordingly chosen 
Viz*. 

The Hon ble . James Sullivan (excused) 
Paul Revere Esq r . 
Hon ble . Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . 
Samuel Breck Esq r . 
Joseph Barrell Esq r . 
William Tuder Esq r . 
William Eustis Esq r . 
John Lucas Esq r . 
Cap*. Mungo Mackay 
M r . Joseph Clark 
Mr. Elisha Sigorney 
M r . James Prince 
M r . Benjamin Russell 

Voted, that the above Committee be desired to procure Sub- 
scriptions to defray the expence that may be incurred also. 

Voted, that the Magistrates and Peace Officers of the Town be 
requested, to attend at the entry of the President, in order to 
preserve Peace & prevent disorders. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1789. 211 

The Committee to prepare an Address to be presented the 
President of the United States by the Gentlemen the Selectmen 
Reported a Draught which being read & considered was accepted 
by the Town, but on Motion was recommitted that such gram- 
matical alterations, might be made as the Committee might Judge 
proper. 

On Motion Voted that the 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . the Moderator of the 
Meeting be added to said Committee 

[132.] A Vote having passed before the last Adjournment 
that at this Meeting there should be chosen by ballot a Committee 
of twelve who in addition to the Selectmen are to carry the new 
System of Education which has been adopted by the Town into 
operation the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in 
their Votes accordingly, and the same having been brought in 
and sorted, it appeared that only eleven Persons were chosen 
Vizt*. 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

Rev d . Samuel West 

Rev d . D r . Lothrop 

Rev d . James Freeman 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . 

D r . Thomas Welch 

D r . Nath 1 . W. Appleton 

Jonathan Mason Jun r . Esq r . 

D r . Aaron Dexter Esq r . 

Christopher Gore Esq. 

George B. Minot Esq r . 

The Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for one Person wanted to complete the number of 
said Committee and the same having been brought in and sorted 
it appeared that 

William Tuder Esq r . 
was chosen. 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved. 

[133.] The following Address of the Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, to the President of the United States of 
America was agreeable to a Vote of the Town at their late Meet- 
ing, this Day presented him by the Selectmen. Viz 1 . 

Sir 

We beg leave to express our Happiness in the Honor you confer 
upon us by a Visit to this Capital. 

We are happy in the opportunity of again making our personal 
Acknowledgements to a Character, to which, on every Principle, 



212 CITY DOCUMENT. 

we are so deeply indebted, Every Motive of Esteem, Duty & 
Affection have conspired to form in our Minds the strongest 
'Attachment that the freest People can feel to the most deserving 
Citizen. 

As Men we have long since considered } 7 ou under God as the 
great & glorious Avenger of the violated Eights of Humanity 
As Citizens we have observed with peculiar Satisfaction, that you 
have invariably respected those Liberties which you have so suc- 
cessfully defended. - - And as Inhabitants of a great 
Commercial Town we attribute the Security we enjoy to the 
singular Merit & Success of those Measures in the Progress of 
the War, which You had the Honor to conduct. 

It cannot but afford you the highest Pleasure, when you com- 
pare our present situation with the signal Distresses to which we 
were exposed during the Period in which this Town was in the 
Possession of an exasperated Enemy. Indignant at the multi- 
plied Restraints of hostile Domination, we [134.] sought an 
Asylum among our Friends & Connections in the Country, and 
cheerfully abandoned our Prosperity and Possessions in the Com- 
mon Cause of America. That we were so so'on happily reinstated, 
may be justly imputed to the Wisdom of those Arrangements, 
which compelled our Invaders, in their Retreat, to adopt a less 
destructive Policy than that which on other Occasions they so 
wantonly practised ; In every trying Viscissitude we have re- 
marked the conspicuous and unaffected Piety of your Heart & 
the Wisdom & Moderation of your Councils. 

We have seen you relinquish the Ease & Independence of 
private Fortune to lead in the untried Dangers of a War at the 
Risk of your Life & Reputation. With pleasure we have viewed 
you retiring in Victory & exhibiting a new Example of Patriotic 
Virtue to an admiring World : And we now feel a still higher 
Satisfaction, at your having once more Sacrificed the Sweets of 
Domestic Retirement in Obedience to the United Voice of your 
Countrymen. 

These, Sir, are the Sentiments & Reflections which naturally 
occur on an attentive Consideration of your past Conduct. To 
the future we look for those Virtues which adorn the Man and 
mark the wise and accomplished Legislator We anticipate from 
your Discernment the happy Union of Liberty & Law, Lenity & 
Vigor, Mercy & Justice The enlightened Policy of a Mind calm 
amidst the Influence of Power and uncorrupted by the fascinat- 
ing Allurements of Avarice or Ambition. 

With these Impressions the Preservation of [135.] your Life 
through the varied Scenes in which you have been engaged De- 
mands our grateful Acknowledgements to the Beneficent Disposer 
of Human Events. 

It is one of the first Wishes of our Hearts that you may be as 
happy in your present elevated Station, as you have been Dis- 
tinguished in your Military Character, and it is our fervent 
Prayer to the Almighty Ruler of the Universe that the Invisible 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1790. 213 

Hand which led the Citizens of America through the Dangers & 
Calamities of War, may still guard & protect you as an Orna- 
ment to Human Nature and a Blessing to your Country. 

The following is the Reply of the President of the United 
States to the aforegoing Address. Viz*. 

To the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
Gentlemen 

The obligations which your goodness has imposed 
upon me, demand my grateful and receive my sincere acknowl- 
edgements Your esteem does me honor, and your Affection 
communicates the truest pleasure by endeavoring to deserve, 
I will indulge the hope of retaining them. 

Over-rating my services, you have ascribed consequences to 
them, in which it would be injustice to deny a participation to the 
virtue and firmness of my worthy fellow Citizens of this respect- 
able Town and Commonwealth. - - - 

If the exercise of my military commission has contributed to 
vindicate the rights of humanity, and to secure the freedom & 
happiness of my Country, the purpose for which it was assumed 
has been completed [136.] and I am amply rewarded - - - 
If in the prosecution of my civil duties, I shall be so fortunate as 
to meet the wishes of my Fellow Citizens, and to promote the 
advantage of our common Interests, I shall not regret the Sacri- 
fices, which you are pleased to mention in terms so obliging. 

The numerous sensations of heartfelt satisfaction which a re- 
view of past scenes affords to my mind, in a comparison of the 
present happy hour, are far beyond my powers of utterance to 
express. 

I rejoice with you, my fellow citizens in every circumstance 
that declares your prosperity - - and I do so, most cordially, 
because you have well deserved to be happy. 

Your love of liberty, your respect for the laws, your habits of 
industry, and your practice of the moral & religious obligations 
are the strongest claims to national and individual happiness 
- - and they will I trust, be firmly & lastingly established. 

Your wishes for my personal felicity impress a deep & affec- 
tionate gratitude - - - And your prayer to the Almighty of 
the" Universe in my behalf calls forth my fervent supplication to 
that gracious and beneficent Being, for every blessing on your 
temporal pursuits, and for the perfection of your happiness here- 
after. 

G. "Washington 
Boston, October 27 th . 1789. 

[137.] Att a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 
10 th . Day of February A. D. 1790. 10. OClock. Forenoon 

Warrant for calling the Meeting: - - read. 



214 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Precept for the choice of a Representative in the room of 
Christopher Gore Esq r . who has resigned ... also read 
- - whereupon. 

Moved & Voted, that on account of the severity of the season, 
this Meeting was adjourned to meet immediately at the County 
Court House, where Stoves are erected. 

Met at the County Court House according to Adjournment. 

Moved & Voted, that the sense of the Town be taken with 
respect to the choise of a Representative in the room of Chris- 
topher Gore Esq r . agreeable to the precept received for that 
purpose And the Question accordingly put it passed in the Nega- 
tive. 

The Town having determined not to choose a Representative 
in the Room of Christopher Gore Esq r . who has resigned. 

It was Voted, that a Moderator be now chosen by a Hand 
Vote to preside at the Meeting for transacting the other matters 
mentioned in the Warrant. 

Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote. 

[138.] A Letter from Christopher Gore Esq r . to the Inhabi- 
tants giving his reasons for having resigned his Seat as one of 
our Representatives in the General Court since his appointment 
to the Office of Attorney to the United States was read where- 
upon 

Moved & Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of this Town 
be and hereby are given to Christopher Gore Esq r . for his services 
as one of the Representatives of the Town in General Court. 

The Petition of a. number of the Inhabitants relative to the 
weighing of Hay - - read. whereupon Voted, that any 
further Consideration of this matter be referred over to March 
Meeting. 

The Petition for an Application to the General Court for a 
Lottery to defray the Charges of paving Purchase Street & Bat- 
tery March, was read whereupon moved & 

Voted, that a Committee be now appointed to prepare a Peti- 
tion to be presented in behalf of the Town, to the General Court 
for their being permitted to raise by Lotteries a sum not exceed- 
ing 3000. for paving and repairing the Streets of Boston. 

Voted that the 

Gentleman Selectmen 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1790. 215 

The Article in the Warrant relative to M r . Wheelers request 
for building on the Towns Land was read, and on Motion re- 
ferred to 

The Gentlemen Selectmen 
for them to act thereon, as they shall Judge best. 

[139.] The Article in the Warrant Viz*. 
' ' To consider on the expediency of Instructing our Representatives 
in the General Court for the repeal of the present Excise Act " 
read whereupon Moved & Voted, that a Committee be appointed 
to take this matter into consideration, & Report as soon as may 
be also 

Voted, that 

The Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . (Moderator) 
Hon ble . James Sullivan Esq r . 
Hon ble . Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
John Codman Esq r . 
M r . Henry Prentice 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid. 

The Article in the Warrant relative to Erecting a new School 
House - - was read whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be empowered and directed, to Erect 
a new School House at the Southerly part of the Town, for a 
reading School, agreeable to the new System of Education 
adopted by the Town, and on such a spot as they shall Judge 
proper. 

The Article in the Warrant relative to the North Latin School 
- - read, 
whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be empowered & directed 
to make such repairs & alterations in the North School House as 
they shall think best. 

The Article in the Warrant relative to explaining the Com- 
mission given to the School Committtee on the 15 th . of October 
last being read after debate. 

Voted, That the Committee of twelve appointed in October last 
to manage in concert [14O.] with the Selectmen the affairs & 
goverment of the Schools, be authorised with the Selectmen in 
future to exercise all the powers relating to the Schools & School 
Masters, which the Selectmen or such Committees are authorised 
by the Laws of this State or the Votes of this Town to exercise, 
any former Votes of the Town notwithstanding. 

Adjourned to 4. O Clock. P. M. 

3 O Clock P. M. Met according to Adjournment 



216 CITY DOCUMENT. 

, On Motion, Voted, that the two aforegoing Votes authorising 
& empowering the Selectmen relative to building a new School 
house at the Southerly part of the Town & altering & repairing 
the North School houses, be so far reconsidered, as to Assign 
the same duty to the School Committee instead of the Selectmen. 

The Town took into consideration the Article in the Warrant 
respecting the expediency of Instructing their Representatives in 
the General Court & endeavor an Repeal of the present Excise 
Law, and it appearing to the Town impracticable to enforce the 
present, [law] or to raise a Revenue in that way without injuring 
the Commerce of the State, lessening the respectability of the 
Goverment and corrupting the morals of the People, while other 
States in the Union have no such Law existing - - - Therefore 

Voted, that the Representatives of this Town be and hereby 
are Instructed to use their utmost influence to effect a Repeal of 
the present Excise Act and to prevent any new ones taking place 

Voted, that all Matters & things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be referred over to March Meeting then to be acted 
upon 

[141.] Then the Meeting was 

dissolved. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 8 Day of 
March Anno Domini 1790 10. O Clock before noon. .... 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Lothrop 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws to be read at this Meeting were accordingly 
read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, and the same being 
brought in & sorted it appeared that 

Jonathan Mason Jun r . Esq r . (declin'd) 
was chosen. 

Col. Dawes & Col. Crafts having been chosen Moderator & 
declining for reasons given by each. 

[142.] Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . 

was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote. 

A Letter from Maj r . William Thompson to the Selectmen of 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1790. 217 

Boston, inclosing the Copy of a hand bill which had on the Satur- 
day preceeding been dispersed in this Town containing his offer 
to serve in the Office of Town Clerk for one half the Salary 
granted the last Year to the present Clerk & requesting that they 
may be read to the Inhabitants, previous to the Votes being 
given in for a Town Clerk - - - were accordingly distinctly 
read by the Town Clerk - - - - a short pause followed 
The Inhabitants were then directed by the Selectmen to with- 
draw, and bring in their Votes for a Town Clerk, and the same 
having been brought in and sorted, it appeared that the whole 
number was 616. and that 

William Cooper 

having 512 of said Votes, was chosen Town Clerk for the Year 
ensuing & took the Oath of Office for the faithful discharge of 
his Duty - as also the Oath of Allegiance required by Law 
- - - which Oaths were administered to him by Thomas 
Crafts Esq r . 

The Town having determined by a Vote to chose Nine Select- 
men - the Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw 
and bring in their Votes for that number and the same being 
brought in sorted it appeared that the following Gentlemen Viz*. 

John Scollay Esq r . 

[143.] Harbottle Dorr Esq r . 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
Cap 1 . Edward Tyler (declined) 
John Andrews Esq r . - - d. 
Thomas Walley Esq r . 
Deacon "William Boardman 
M r . Ebenezer Sever 
Jabez Hatch Esq 1 . 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing, and had the Oath of 
Allegiance administered to them by the Town Clerk. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for twelve Overseers of the Poor and the same being 
brought in & sorted it appeared that 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Whitwell 
John White Esq r . 
Edward Procter Esq r . 
John Sweetser Esq r . 
Jonathan L. Austin Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Pajrkman 
M r . Edward Edes 
Henry Hill Esq r . 
M r . John Codman Jun r . 
M r . William Smith 
M r . William Phillips Jun r . 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 



218 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Votes for a Treasurer of the County of Suffolk brought in 
& counted by the Moderator & [144.] Town Clerk, when it 
appeared that the whole number was three hundred & five, 
and that they were all for Thomas Crafts Esq r . a discreet 
suitable Person, being a Freeholder, and a Resident in the same 
County. - - - 

On Motion 

Voted, that D r . Charles Jarvis (excused) 
Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 
Jonathan Mason Esq r . 
Amasa Davis Esq r . 
Joseph Russell Jun r . Esq r . 
Thomas Walley Esq r . 

be a Committee to consider & Report what is proper to be done 
respecting the Poor in the Alms House 

Adjourned to 3 O Clock. P. M. 
3 O Clock P. M. Town met again. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for Sixteen Fire- wards and the same having been brought 
in & sorted it appeared that 

William Cooper (excused) 
Edward Procter Esq r . (declined) 
Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Tileston 
M r . John Lowell (declined) 
John Winthrop Esq r . 
Thomas Melville Esq r 
Jabez Hatch Esq r . 
Samuel Breck Esq r . 
Jacob Rhodes 
[145.] M r . Joseph Clark 

Joseph Russell Jun r . Esq r . 
Hon ble . Thomas Russell Esq r . 
M r . Edward Edes 
John Sweetser Esq r . 
Jonathan Mason Jun r . Esq. 
were chose Fire-wards for the Year ensuing. 

The Article in the "Warrant Viz*. 

" To choose a School Committee was read & after some debate 
it was moved & Voted, That in addition to the Selectmen Twelve 
Persons should now be chosen & the following Gentlemen, were 
accordingly chose by Ballot Viz*. 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

Rev u . Samuel West 

Rev* 1 . D r . Lothrop 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1790. 219 

Rev d . James Freeman 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . 

D r . Thomas Welch 

D r . Nath 1 . W. Appleton 

Jonathan Mason Jun r . Esq r . 

Aaron Dexter Esq r . 

Christopher Gore Esq r . 

George R. Minot Esq r . 

William Tuder Esq r . 
Also Voted 

That the aforegoing Committee who conjunctly are to 
be termed the School Committee be and hereby are directed to 
carry the new System of Education which has been adopted by 
the Town [146.] into operation - - and said Committee are 
also authorized & impowered, conjunctly to manage and regulate 
the affairs & government of the Schools, and in future to exer- 
cise all the Powers relating to the Schools & School-masters, 
which the Selectmen or such Committees, are authorized by the 
Laws of this Commonwealth on the Votes of this Town to exer- 
cise, any former Votes of the Town notwithstanding. 

Peter Boyer Esq r . 

was chosen Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing who took the 
Oath of Office and the Oath of Allegiance which were administered 
to him by the Town Clerk. 

On motion Voted, that the Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market, that 
may be chosen, shall give Bond to the Selectmen, and be sworn 
to the faithful discharge of his Trust, & to account & settle with 
the Selectmen once a Week. - also 

Voted, that the pay of the Person that shall be chosen Clerk of 
Faneuil Hall Market be left to the Selectmen. 

On Motion, the Question was put Viz*. Whether the Select- 
men shall appoint the Clerk for Faneuil Hall Market. 

The Votes being brought in for a a Clerk of Faneuil Hall 
Market, it appeared that 

M r . Mathew Nazro. 
was chosen a Clerk for the Year ensuing. 

[147.] On Motion Voted that 

Thomas Crafts Esq r . 

D r . Welch 

John R. Sigorney 

be a Committee to enquire what is the duty of a Clerk of Faneuil 
Hall Market and Report such additions as they shall Judge 
proper. 

The Inhabitants as directed brought in their Votes for twelve 
Constables when it appeared that 



220 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Mess rs : Shubael Hews 

Samuel Whitney 
Benjamin Romans 
John Butterfield 
John Cades 
James Perkins 
John Bosson 
Edward Wentworth 
Henry Crompston 
John M c Lane 
Abner Rummerel 
James Williams 
were chose Constables for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that four per cent be allowed and hereby is allowed to 
the Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing for all such Sums 
of Money & public Securities as they shall Collect and pay into 
the several Treasuries of the Sums committed to them to collect 
within ten Months from the receit of the Tax Books, and three 
per cent on all [148.] such other Sums as shall afterwards be 
Collected also that such Collectors give Bond with sufficient 
Sureties to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful dis- 
charge of their Duty in said Office and complying with this Vote 
and that they will not receive any Premium or Gratuity for dis- 
counting any order, Notes or Receipts from the Treasurer of the 
State or the Treasurer of the Town 

Mess. Benjamin Henderson 

James Thompson 

Thomas Bay ley 

Charles Williams 

were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing and qualified 
themselves for their Office as the Law directs. 

Voted, that the Assesssors be and hereby are inipowered and 
directed to set for such Abatements of Taxes as they shall Judge 
reasonable, two Days in each week, after the delivery of the Tax 
Books to the Collectors, for the space of Six Weeks and no 
longer, saving that they be allowed to set the last Week in Feb- 
ruary, Lords Day excepted, for the Abatement of the Taxes of 
such Persons as had not an opportunity of applying in the above 
limited time, by reason of their being out of the Commonwealth 
or any unavoidable hindrance & that the Assessors determine 
upon the said two Days, which is to be noted on the Tax Bills 
to be Delivered to the Inhabitants. 

[149.] The Votes being brought in for five Assessors it ap- 
peared that 

Gyles Harris Esq r . 

M r . William Lowder 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1790. 221 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 
John R. Sigorney 
M r . Edward Davis 

were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing and qualified them- 
selves as the Law directs. 

Allowance to the Assessors postponed to May Meeting. 

John Winslow Esq r . 
Thomas Greenleaff 
Lemuel Cravath 
Luke Baker 
Oliver Brewster 
William Boardman Jun r . 
Samuel Greeuough Jun r . 
Morgan Stillrnan 
John Fisher 
Samuel Coverly 
Henry Newman 
Allen Crocker 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

Mess". Henry Blaisdel 

John Champney 

Samuel Dyer 

Joseph Ayres 

Edmund Ranger 

Moses May 

Benjamin White 
[15O.] Joshua Bentley 

Josiah Nuttage 

Benjamin Page 

Nathaniel Glover 

James Rogers 

Abraham Hayward 

Clement Collings 

John Cogswell 

Andrew Townsend Jun r . 

Were Chosen Surveyors of Boards and Shingles for the Year 
Ensuing. 

Adjourned to Wednesday the 10 th . Inst. 10. oClock 

Wednesday the 10 th . Inst. Met according to Adjournment 
see Page 154 

The Selectmen 
Were Chose Surveyors of the high ways for the Year ensuing 

Mess. William McNeil 

Jeffery Richardson were 
Chose Surveyors of Hemp for the Year ensuing 



222 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Mess rs . Benjamin White 
Samuel Dyer 
William Crafts 
Andrew Townsend Jun r . 
William Todd were Chose Fence View- 
ers for the Year Ensuing 

Mess rs . William Billings 
Samuel Bangs 
Nathan Green 
Thomas Bradlee 

Jacob Holland, were Chose Sealers of 
Leather for the year ensuing. 

[151.] Mr. Adam Col son 

Was Chosen An Informer of Deer for the Year Ensuing. 

Mess rs . Job Wheelwright 
Joshua Pico 
Manasseh Marston 
Henry Purket 
William Parkman 
Lemuel Gardner 
Joseph Loring 
Thomas Foster 
John Bray 
Edward Dolbear 
Caleb Hay den 
Edward Burt 
Samuel Harris 
John Owen 
Samuel Avis 
Ebenezer Woodward 
David Marston 
Arthur Langsford 
Thomas Barber 
Joseph Bisset 
William Marston 
John Smith 
Jonathan Gushing 
Timothy Pease Jun r . 
Were Chose Cullers of hoops and Staves for the Year Ensuing 

Mess. George Hamlin 
Francis Booth 
Robert Hews 
were Chose Hogreeves for the Year Ensuing 

[152.] Mess rs . George Hamlin 
Francis Booth 
James Wheeler 
Were Chose Haywards for the Year Ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1790. 223 

Voted that Joseph Russell Jun r . Esq r . 

Samuel Breck 

Maj r . Thompson 

Be and hereby are appointed A Committee to Audit the accompts 
of the Town Treasurer and also the accounts of the Selectmen & 
Overseers of the Poor, and said Committee are also directed to 
report the Sum Necessary to be raised for the Services of the 
Present Year 

John Lucas Esq r . 

Edward Tuckerman Esq r . 
Were Chose Survey ers of Wheat for the Year Ensuing. 

Mess 18 . Thomas Green 

John Skinner 
Were Chose Assay masters for the year Ensuing. 

Cap*. Edward Tyler and John Andrews Esq r . having by Letter 
acquainted the Meeting, that they Could not. for the reasons 
offer'd Serve as Selectmen the present year, it was moved and 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to those Gentlemen for their good Services in that office A Num- 
ber of Years past 

[153.] M r . Cooper Acquainted the Town that having been 
Chosen into the office of A Fireward for about Thirty five years 
Successively, he must now decline that service, whereupon it 
was. 

Voted. That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
unto M r . Cooper for his good services during so long A Period 

The Petition of Doctor Whipple & Capt n Laha relative to the 
Continuance of an Inoculating hospital at Rainsford Island was 
read, whereupon 

Voted that the Petitioners agreeable to The Prayer of their 
Petition. Have the Approbation of the Town for their Continue- 
ing said Inoculating Hospital at Rainsford Island 

The petition of M r . Benj a . Kingsbury for an abatement of 
Taxes, read and Considered Whereupon Voted That M r . 
Kingsbury has Leave to withdraw his Petition 

The Petition of A Number of Inhabitants, for A New Watch 
to be Stationed in State Street read whereupon 

Voted. That the Petition be Left to the selectmen to Consider 
and act thereon as they shall Judge Proper 

The Petition of A Number of Persons That A Person may be 



224: CITY DOCUMENT. 

Appointed & A Salary allowed Mm to take Care of the Hay 
Engine Instead of the present mode of leasing the Same read & 

Voted, That s d . Petitioners have Leave to withdraw their 
Petition 

[154.] The Inhabitants having been directed to bring in 
their Votes for two Selectmen in the room of Capt n . Tyler, and 
M r . Andrews who had resign 'd, and the same having been 
brought in & Sorted, it Appeared That 
Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Thomas Edwards Esq r . 

"Were Chosen Selectmen for the Year Ensuing 

see Page 143 

The Petition of Maj r . Samuel Cookson relative to A Nuisance. 
near A place formerly Called Hog Ally read whereupon 

Voted, that John Lucas Esq r . 

Hon a . Caleb Davis Esq r . 

William Thompson Esq r . 

be A Committee to Consider the Petition and to report as soon as 
may be 

The Town brought in their Votes as directed by the Moderator 
for Three fire wards in the room of y e . Gentlemen who have re- 
signed upon Sorting them it Appeared that 

Amasa Davis Esq r . 

M r . Samuel Whitwell Jun r . 

M r . Russell Sturgis 
"Were Chose firewards for the Year Ensuing 

The Committee relative to the Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market. 
P r . Coll . Craft Chairman reported Whereupon, the following 
Votes were Passed Viz*. 

Whereas, the duty of the Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market is not 
understood, and it now becoming Necessary that the Same 
should be Clearly defined [155.] to enable him faithfully to 
discharge the Same therefore Voted That the Clerk of the 
Market who now is or may hereafter be Chosen, shall before he 
enters on the duty of his Office give Bond to the Selectmen to 
account for all moneys he may receive, and be sworn to the faith- 
ful discharge of his duty, and shall be obliged to Settle with the 
Selectmen at least once every month, and Oftener if Called upon 
by them also 

Voted. That it be the Duty of Said Clerk, and he is hereby 
ordered and directed to have the Market under Faneuil Hall 
kept Clean, and Swept out. twice a Week, and washed Out. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1790. 225 

every Saturday, from the Month of May to the Month of Octo- 
ber, following that no dirt or filth Of any sort be Suffered to 
lay on or round the Market Square so called, for more than 
Twenty four Hours that the Same shall be collected up in 
Piles for removal every afternoon, begining the first week in 
May. and to continue till the last week in October and from 
October to May the fifth shall be removed at least once every 
Week 

Voted that it be particularly the duty of the said Clerk, and he 
is hereby authorized and empowered to inspect all weights and 
measures made use of. in and round the market square so called, 
and to Prosecute all Persons making use of weights and meas- 
ures, not according to the standard of Law. [156.] On his own 
View, or on complaint made to him by any of the inhabitants. 
And he is further ordered and directed on his own View, or on 
the information of any inhabitant of the Town, to Prosecute to 
final Judgment any Huckster or Forestallers of the Market and 
whatever legal expences may arise in Consequence of the Prose- 
cution of either of the above cases, shall be born by the Town 
To the intent that the above regulations may be put in full 
force. 

Voted. That the selectmen be and they are hereby empowered 
and directed' on Complaint of any of the inhabitants against the 
Clerk for neglect of his duty about the same, and if on Enquiry 
they shall find him Guilty thereof, they are hereby empowered 
and directed to appoint Some other meet Person in his room 
untill the Town Proceed by the Choice of Another 

Voted. That all matters and things Which shall remain un- 
finished at this meeting be referred over to the General Town 
meeting in May next. 

Voted. That the thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to the Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . Moderator of this meeting for 
his good Services in dispatching the business thereof. 

Then the meeting was dissolv'd 

[157.] Return of the Widening of Prince Street At a 
meeting of the Major Part of the Justices, and Selectmen of 
the Town of Boston. On the 9 th . day of October 1789. For 
regulating and enlarging. Prince Street Where a dessolution has 
happened 

A Line was run from the South west Corner Westerly on Land 
of Henry Newman, eight feet, and then Sixteen feet North on 
Prince Street, continuing A slant Line easterly on back Street, 
eleven feet, from thence on A Strait line, South on Land of the 



226 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Widdow Gees twenty four feet. The Land within the Said lines 
Containing One hundred and Sixty Square feet the Said Justices 
and Selectmen State and lay out into the Public street or high 
Way 

Joseph Gardner "| 

Thomas Crafts 

Samuel Barrett 

Ezekiel Price I Justices of 

Thomas Edwards f the Peace 

James Hughes 

Thomas Dawes Jun r . 

Nath 1 . Greene j 

John Scollay 

Harb. Dorr 

Edward Tyler Selectmen 

Thomas Walley 
Eben r . Seaver 

At a Meeting of the Magistrates & Selectmen the Ninth of 
October. One Thousand Seven hundred & Eighty nine 

[158.] Present. Mess. Justice Gardner. Greenleaf. Barrett. 
Crafts. Price. Dawes. Edwards. Green, and Hewes. 

Of the Selectmen 

Present. Mess rs . Scollay. Dorr. Price. Tyler. Andrews Walley 
and Boardman 

Voted. Unanimously. That the above Peice of Land be taken 
in to widen the Street The Same being thought Necessary for 
the benefit of the Town, as it lay in A ruinous, hazardous And 
Very dangerous Situation. The Above Described Peice com- 
mencing Thirteen feet, from The building now Standing On the 
same Estate (Formerly Gee's) Fronting on back Street 



[159.] At a meeting of the male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston, of Twenty one years of age. and upwards, qualified, 
as the Constitution Prescribes, and Legaly Warned in Public 
Town Meeting. Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the fifth 
day of April Anno Domini. 1790. 

The Meeting was opened, with Prayer by the Rev d . M r . Bel- 
knap 

Warrant for Calling a Meeting read 

Paragraph of the Constitution or Frame of Goverment. relative 
to the Choice of Governor. Lieu*. Governor, and Senators read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1790. 



227 



It was declared by the Selectmen that no Votes would be re- 
ceived but such as are unfolded ; and they Purpose the Poll shall 
be Closed at half past Twelve O 'Clock, and the Votes received 
at the Table. 

It was ordered by the Selectmen that the Bells be tolled at 
Twelve O'Clock. 

Persons Voted for as Governor with the Number of Votes for 
Each Person Viz 1 . 



His Excellency John Hancock Esq r . 
Honorable James Bowdoin Esq r . 
His Honor. Samuel Adams Esq r . - 
Joseph Barrel Esq r . 



Votes 

739 
224 

1 
1 



[16O.] Persons Voted for as Lieu 1 . 
number of Votes for Each Person. 



Governor with the 



His Honor Samuel Adams Esq r . 
Honorable Thomas Russell Esq r . - 
Honorable Azor Orne Esq r . - - - 
His Excell cy . John Hancock Esq r . - 
Honorable Benj a . Lincoln Esq r . - - 
Honorable Caleb Davis Esq r . - - 

Joseph Barrel Esq r . 

M r . Edward Wentworth - ... 



Votes 

788 

165 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 



Persons Voted for as Senators for the County of Suffolk with 
the Number of Votes for Each Person Viz*. 



Hon ble . 
Hon ble . 
Hon ble . 
Hon ble . 
Hon ble . 
Hon ble . 
Hon ble . 



William Phillips Esq r . - - 
Cotton Tufts Esq r . -. - - 
Stephen Metcalf Esq r . - - 
Thomas Dawes Esq r . - - 
Benj a . Austin Jun r . Esq r . - 
William Heath Esq r . - - 
Thomas Russell Esq r . 
John Read Esq r . - - - 
Jonathan Mason Esq r . - 
James Bowdoin Jun r . Esq r . 
Hon ble . Elijah Dunbar Esq r . 
Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . - 

Arnold Wells Esq r . 

Samuel Breck Esq r . 
Hon ble . Ebenezer Wales Esq r . 

Thomas Clarke Esq r . 
Hon ble . Jabez Fisher Esq r . - 
Hon ble . Richard Cranch Esq r . 
M r . Seth Johnson - - - 



Votes 

959 
948 
959 
669 

290 

17 

45 
1 

46 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 



228 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[161.] Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as Gov- 
ernor. Lieutenant Governor and Senators, for the County of 
Suffolk were committed to the Secretary of this Commonwealth 
and the Inclosers, Sealed up in Town Meeting ; Superscribed as 
follows. Viz*. 

For 

John A very Esq r . 

Secretary of the 

Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts 

The Number of Votes of the Town of Boston for a Governor 
Lieutenant Governor And Six Senators, for the County of Suf- 
folk Certified within and Sealed up in Town Meeting 

Then the Meeting 
Was dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly Qualified and Legaly Warned 
in Public Town Meeting. Assembled, at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday 
the 11 th . day of May Anno Domini 1790 

10. O'Clock. A. M. 
Prayer was made by the Rev d . Doct r . Howard 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting - - read 

- That part of the Constitution or frame of Goverment which 
relates to the Choice of Representatives ----- read 

Sundry Laws to be read at said Meeting Or Parts of them were 
Accordingly - - - read 

The Town having Determined to Choose Seven Persons to 
Represent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to be held 
in the State house in Boston On the Last Wednesday of May 
Current Agreeable to the Constitution or frame of Goverment for 
the Massachusetts, the Inhabitants were directed to Withdraw and 
bring in their Votes, for Seven Representatives and then it was 
declared by the Selectmen that no Votes would be received, but 
such as are unfolded. And that they intend the Poll shall be 
Closed at half past Twelve O'Clock, Bell to toll a Little before 
that time 

The Votes being brought in for Seven [163.] Representatives. 
The Number of the same were found to be two hundred and 
upon sorting them. It appeared that the following Gentle- 
men only were Chosen by A Majority of Votes. Viz 1 . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1790. 229 

Votes 

Samuel Breck Esq r . 143 

Jonathan Mason Sen r . Esq r . ----- 142 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . 108 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . 147 

William Eustis Esq r . 178 

see Page 

Three O'Clock P. M. is the time Assigned for the Choice of 
Two Representatives and the Selectmen Informed the Inhabitants 
that they Purpose that the Poll shall be Closed at 4 O'Clock 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P. M 
3 O'Clock P. M. Met according to Adjournment 

The Votes for Two Persons to Represent the Town in the Gen- 
eral Court the Present year, being brought in and Counted, the 
whole Number was found to be One hundred Seventy Nine and 
the Same being Sorted, it appeared that the Two following Gen- 
tlemen were Chosen by A Majority of Votes. Viz*. 

Votes 

(declined) John Winthrop Esq r . - - - - 111 
Jonathan Mason Ju r . Esq r . - - - 178 

The Choice of Representatives being over it was moved and 
Voted. That the Town now Come to the Choice of A Moderator 
by A hand f 164.] Vote, in order to transact, the other business 
mentioned in the warrant. 

The Honorable Thomas Dawes Sen r . Esq r . was Chosen Moder- 
ator accordingly. 

The Representation of the School Committee was read. Where- 
upon it was moved and Voted, That A Committee be Now Ap- 
pointed to Prepare A Vote to be laid before the Town conform- 
able to the Representation of said Committee 

Voted that John Coffin Jones Esq r . 
George R. Minot Esq r . 
Nath 1 . Appleton Esq r . 
be A Committee for the Purpose aforesaid 

The Committee appointed by the Town at the meeting the 8 th 
March last to Consider What is Proper to be done respecting 
The poor of this Commonwealth, beg Leave to report the follow- 
ing State of Facts. Viz 1 . 

That by six warrants in favour of the Town dated from 11 th . 
of August 1786 to the 25 th June 1789. There is due from the 



230 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Commonwealth - ......... 11.540 

And by Subsequent grants for Supporting 
the Poor to the I 8t March 1789 ..... 3.764 ,, 15 ,, 



15.304 ,, 15 ,, 5 

That on the above sum the Commonwealth have allowed no 
Interest 

That the General Court in their Last Sessions, reduced the 
weekly rate of Supporting the poor from 8/ to 6/ 

[165.] That the General Court orderd the Last Sum in the 
above Statement to be paid out of the first monies that were not 
Appropriated 

From the foregoing Statement of Facts your Committee are of 
Opinion That it would be Advisable for the Town, to Prefer A 
Memorial or Petition to the Gene 1 Court at their Next Session, 
Setting forth the hardship of being kept so Long out of their 
Money 

Praying that Speedy Payment may be made with simple Inter- 
est. thereon. And also that the two last accounts may be Al- 
lowed. in Which the Town had Charged 8/ ^ r Week, agreeably 
to the invariable Practice for years past, except when an higher 
was allowed 

That the Town inform the Honorable General Court, tnat 
under the Present, embarrassed state of the Town it will be 
impossible to keep their Poor, unless the accounts are paid 
Quarterly. 

Your Committee recommend the appointment of A Committee 
with Powers to treat with a Committee of the General Court, if 
they should think Proper to appoint one, to Adjust the rate of 
Boarding the Poor in future, and the manner in Which the Same 
shall be reimbursed by the Commonwealth all which is humbly 
Submitted 

Nathaniel Appleton ^ ord r . 

The foregoing Report having been read after some debate. 
Voted That the said report be Accepted [166.] And that A 
Committee be Now chosen to Present A Memorial to the General 
Court, on the Subject Matter of the report, as also to Confer 
with their Committee if any Such should be appointed for the 
said Purpose also 
Voted, that 

The Gentlemen, the Selectmen and 

The Overseers of the Poor 
be a Committeev for the Purpose aforesaid 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1790. . 231 

M r . James Wheeler Chosen A Hogreave for The Year Ensuing 

The Committee to Consider the representation of the school 
Committee and to Report what Resolutions are Proper to be taken 
thereon Reported Whereupon, the following Vote was Passed 
by the Town Viz 1 . 

Upon the Report of the School Committee representing that 
the School houses in the Centre of the Town, are insufficient for 
the accommodation of the Children of that part of the Town 

Voted. The Selectmen be and hereby are authorized and em- 
powered in the Name of the Inhabitants of the Town, to make 
sale of the House And Land in Tremont Street Now occupied by 
M r . Carter, with the Right of the Town to the Land Adjoining. 
Now under Lease from the Town, for the most [167.] That can 
be obtained therefore, and to make and Execute A good and 
Sufficient Deed, or Deeds to Purchaser or Purchasers thereof 
And that they be and hereby are further impowered to Pull down 
the Dwelling House in School Street Now Occupied by Master 
Hunt, and erect on the Lot where the Same Now Stands A 
School house with two Stories Sufficient to Accommodate the 
Children of the Centre of the Town, with a reading & Writing 
School. The materials of the said House to be Applied as far 
as they may be Suitable to that Purpose, and that the said Select- 
men be and they hereby are Authorized and empowered, to Ap- 
propriate the Moneys which may Arise from the Sale of the first 
mentioned House and Land to defray the Expence of building the 
Said School House and it is further 

Voted. That untill the said School house can be erected. Fan- 
euil Hall be appropriated, if Necessary, As A Temporary accomo- 
dation for the Children usually attending the Center School, 

Selectmen Preside 

A Letter from John Winthrop Esq r . acquainting the Inhabi- 
tants, that he must decline the honor this day conferred on him 
in his being Chose A Representative for reasons therein men- 
tioned 

A Motion was made And the Question Accordingly put. Viz*. 
Whether The Town Will Assign A Time for the Choice of A 
Representative in the room of M r . Winthrop Passed in the 
Negative 

[168.] Coll . Daws again in the Chair 

The Report of the Committee on Maj r . Cooksons Petition Rela- 
tive to Hog Alley, read and Considered Whereupon it was 



232 CITY DOCUMENT. 

moved and Voted. That the selectmen be directed to take such 
measures for the removal of the Nuisances Near the Hay market 
as they shall think Necessary. And that they Apply to M r . 
Brimmer and other Abutters. for Subscriptions to Carry the 
Same into Execution and to Commence Suits or other Measures 
against M r . Brimmer and others for not fullfilling their Contracts. 
When Hog Alley was Shut up or to leave all matters to refer- 
ence 

M r . Joseph Whittemore 
Was Chose A Culler of Hoops and Staves for the Year ensuing 

Adjourned to Tuesday Next being the 18 th . day Instant 3 
O'Clock P. M. 

Tuesday the 18 th . May 1790 3 O'Clock Met according to 
Adjournment 

M r . Enoch May 

Was Chosen Surveyor of Boards and Shingles for the Year en- 
suing 

The Town were directed to withdraw and bring in their Votes 
for an Overseer of the poor in the room of M r . Samuel Whitwell 

[169.] And the Same having been brought in & Sorted it 
appeared that 

Stephen Goreham Esq r . 
was Chosen an Overseer of the Poor, for the Year Ensuing 

On Motion Voted. That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given unto M r . Samuel Whitwell for his faithful Services as 
an Overseer of the Poor for A Number of Years Past 

On Motion. Voted That the Town now Proceed, before the 
Consideration of the Report of the Committee, as to the Sum 
Necessary to be raised for the Present year, to make Grants to 
those Servants of the Town whose Salaries have not yet been 
Voted them 

Voted, That Peter Boyer Esq r . be Allowed and Paid, the Sum 
of One hundred and Twenty Pounds for his Services as Treasurer 
the Present Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall 
become due, and to Commence the first of March last 

Voted, That William Cooper be Allowed and paid the Sum of 
One hundred and Twenty Pounds for his Services as Town Clerk 
the Ensuing Year the same to be paid him Quarterly, as it shall 
become due, and to Commence from the first of March Last. 

[17O.] Voted, that the Allowance to the Assessors be Six 
Shillings A Day for the time they may set in doing the business 
of their Office 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1790. 233 

The Committee to Audit the accounts of the Town Treasurer 
and Examine the Draughts Of the Selectmen, and Overseers. 
Report 

That the Treasur's accounts are right Cast and well vouched, 
and find by his account A ballance (if all received) in favour 
of the Town 8322 ,, 2 ,, If Considerable of which is in bad 
Debts abatements &c, And as their will be A Considerable 
sum due, for interest & other Expences, your Committee are of 
opinion, that it will Require the sum of 6000 Tax for the 
Present year, to defray the Expences of the Town, in Addition 
to the Sum, which the Town wUl Receive of the Common Wealth 

Joseph Russell Ju r . ^ r ord r 

The foregoing Account having been read and Accepted it was 
Voted, That the Sum of six Thousand Pounds be Raised by A 
Tax to be Assessed, on the Poll 8 , and Estates of the inhabitants 
of this Town to defray the Expences of the Current year 

On Motion Voted, That all matters, unfinished, at this meeting 
be referred over to the Next General Town meeting to be called 

[171.] Extracts from the Will of the Late Doct r Franklin, 
having been laid before the Town, it was Moved that the select- 
men be desired to Call A Meeting of the Town as speedily as 
may be to take the same into Consideration. 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 



[172.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and Legaly Warned 
in Public Town meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday 
the 25 th . day of May Anno Domini 1790 

Warrant for calling the meeting - - - read 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Chosen Moderator by A Hand Vote 

A Letter from Doct r Franklins Executors was laid before the 
Town by the Selectmen, as also tracts, of the Doctors Will rela- 
tive to his Donations to the Town of 100 - - - &1000 
Sterling, and the Same - - having been read and Considered 
it was 

Voted, That the Town Do Accept of the said Donations of 
100 & 1000 Sterling, on the Terms and for the Purposes 
Expressed in Said Will on Motion 



234 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Voted That A Committee be appointed To take up this matter 
at Lai-ge, aiid to Report to the Town what further Votes may be 
Proper to be Passed thereon also 
Voted that the Hon b J5_ 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
William Tudor Esq r . 
Hon51i Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
Hon^li Thomas Dawes Ju r . Esq r . 
Be a Committee for the Purpose aforesaid 

[173.] The Article in the "Warrant relative To the suits 
Commenced against the Town by Several of its Creditors 
read Whereupon 

Voted, That the Town Treasurer be Directed to call upon the 
Several Collectors to exert themselves for the Collection of 
Taxes, in order that the Treasurer may be enabled to discharge 
the suits that have been Commenced against the Town 

Adjourned to Tuesday Next 
3. O'Clock P. M. 

June 1^ 3. O Clock P. M. Met According to Adjournment 

The Committee Appointed to take into Consideration what 
Votes may be proper to be Passed relative to the Donations of 
the Late celebrated Doctor Benj a . Franklin to this Town 

Report, That A fair Copy of the following draft of A Letter 
to the Executors of the Doct r be made and Signed by the Town 
Clerk in the Name of the Town and Sent to Said Executors. 

Boston June 1 st . 1790 
Gentlemen 

We the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, in Town 
Meeting Assembled. Now transmit to you our Vote of Accept- 
ance of the Two bequests of your testator. The most venerable 
D r . Benjamin Franklin [174.] The Many useful designs Pro- 
jected by that great man, during A Long and Valuable Life, 
perhaps even more than his exalted Talents as A Patriot, States- 
man and Philosopher, must endear his Memory To Americans, 
While they in A More Particular manner, reflect Honor upon the 
Town of Boston, which gave him Birth and Education 

Every Step to Carry into full Effect his Benevolent plan, will 
be Cheerfully Pursued by those Who he was Pleased to Consti- 
tute his Trustees, And rising Generations will for ages. Bless 
the Name of their illustrous Friend & Benefactor 

We thank you Sir, and the other Gentlemen, for your Early 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1790. 235 

communication of the Contents of the Will, as far as it relates to 
us. 

We are with the most Perfect Respect Gentlemen Your Most 
Obedient Servants 

In the Name & by order of the Town 

Town Clerk 

Henry Hill Esq r . and the 
other Gentlemen Exec rs to 
the Last Will of the Late 
Doct r . Franklin 

The Committee further Report that in their opinion the Trus- 
tees appointed by the Doctor in and by his Last will and Testa- 
ment are therein fully Authorized, and impowered to carry his 
benevolent [175.] intentions in said Donations into Execution, 
without any further Authority from the Town 

Thomas Dawes 

f r . Order 

The aforegoing Report having been read and Considered. The 
Question was Put Viz*. Whether the same shall be accepted 

Passed in the Affirmative 

Voted That all matters and things which Remain Unfinished at 
this Meeting, be Referred Over to the Next General Town 
Meeting 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town Be and hereby are given to 
the Honorable Thomas Dawes Esq r . Moderator of this meeting 
for his Good Services as Moderator in Dispatching the Business 
of the Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 



[176.] At A Meeting of the Freeholders and other inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly Qualified and Legaly Warned 
in Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil hall on monday 
the 5- day of July Anno Domini 1790 

9. O'Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting, read 

William Cooper 
Was Chosen Moderator by A hand Vote. 



236 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Committee appointed the last year to make Choice of A 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Indi- 
pendence 

Reported 

That they had made Choice of Edward Gray Esq r to 
deliver an Oration this day agreeable to the Late Vote of the 
Town 

On Motion Voted That the Oration be Deliver'd. at the Old 
South Church 12 O'Clock. Liberty therefor having been Obtained 
by the Selectmen 

Voted. That the Gentlemen Selectmen Acquaint M r . Gray with 
this Vote 

The Meeting Then was adjourned To Meet at the Old South 
Church at 12 O'Clock This day 

[177.] AN ORATION - 

to commemorate the Independence of the United States Was de- 
livered by Edward Gray Esq r . At the old South Church. 

Voted, That the Selectmen Be and hereby are appointed A 
Committee to wait on Edward Gray Esq r . and in the Name of 
the Town to Thank him for the Spirited elegant Oration this day 
delivered by him at the request of the Town upon the Anniver- 
sary of the Independence of the United States Of America, in 
which according to the Institution of the Town, He considered 
the feelings, manners and Principles Which led to that great Na- 
tional Event and to Request of him A Copy thereof for the 
Press 

On A Motion Voted, That the Gentlemen the Selectmen, be 
and hereby are Appointed, A Committee to apply to Some one 
Learned and able Gentlemen to Deliver an Oration, On the 4 th 
of July 1791. That day being the Anniversary, of the Inde- 
pendence of the United States Of America ; Wherein the Orator 
is to Consider the feelings, Manner & Principles, which led to 
this great National Invent ; as well as the important & happy 
effects whether General or Domestic, which have already & will 
forever Continue to flow from that Auspicious Epoch 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 

[178.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of The Town of Boston duly qualified and Legaly Warned 
in Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall On Monday 
The 26tn. day of July A.D. 1790. 9. O'Clock A.M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1790. 237 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Chosen Moderator of this meeting by A hand Vote 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and bring in their 
Votes for A Town Treasurer in the room of Peter Boyer Esq r . 
lately deceased, the same having been brought in and Sorted, it 
appeared that no one had A Majority of the Votes 

Several motions were made for Assigning Some future time for 
the Choice of A Town Treasurer which did not Obtain 

The Inhabitants were then directed To withdraw A Second 
time, to bring in their Votes for A Town Treasurer, and the 
Same being brought in Counted and Sorted it appeared that the 
whole Number Of Votes were 881 And that 

M r . Joseph Russell 
Was Chosen by A Majority of said Votes 556. 

[179.] The Article in the Warrant Viz*. To Consider 
what measures may be Necessary for Settling the Accounts of 
the Late Town Treasurer Was read Whereupon 

Voted. That M r . Herman Brimmer 
M r . Henry Prentice 
John Coffin Jones Esq r . 
Be A Committee to Settle the Late Treasurers Accounts 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. To Consider the request of 
the Collectors Lately chosen That a further Allowance may be 
made them for their Services was read Whereupon 

Voted. That Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Jon a : Mason Sen r . Esq r . 
Thomas Dawes Jun r . Esq r . 

Be A Committee to Consider said request and to report thereon 
at the Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. Whether any Measures 
shall be taken for Erecting A Building to be Improved as an 
Hospital for the better accommodation of the Poor of the Alms- 
house was read Whereupon voted that 

The Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Jabez Hatch Esq r . 
Thomas Walley Esq r . 

[18O.] Be A Committee to consider this matter and Report 
thereon at the Adjournment of this Meeting 



238 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Mess. Edward Weld 
John Ballard 
Thomas Uran 
William Cunningham 

all sworn 
Were Chosen Measurers of Wood for the Town of Boston 

On Motion Voted That it be Left to the Gentlemen the Select- 
men to Assign Wards to the Measurers of Wood. 

On Motion Voted, That the Committee who reported A Letter 
to Doct r . Franklins Exec 18 have Liberty to make such alterations 
as to the signing the Same and any Clerical Errors as they shall 
Judge Proper. 

Adjourned to Thursday Next being the 29 th of July Instant 
3. O'Clock P. M. 

Thursday July 29 th . 1790. 3 O'Clock P : M : Met according 
to Adjournment 

On Motion Voted, That M r . Joseph Russell who has been 
Chosen Treasurer of the Town, give Bond Annualy, with suffi- 
cient Sureties (in the Penal sum of Ten Thousand Pounds for the 
Present Year) For the Faithful discharge of his Trust 

[181.] The Committee to Consider the expediency of 
erecting an Hospital, reported Verbally that an Hospital cannot 
be erected in the Almshouse Yard without great Injury to the 
Almshouse Whereupon Moved and Voted, That A Committee be 
Now appointed, to take up this Matter at Large and report at the 
Adjournment, and that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it shall 
be to this day Three Weeks 3. O'Clock P. M. to receive said 
report. 

Voted. That the Hon ble Tho 8 . Dawes Esq r . 

Charles Jarvis Esqr. 
Jonathan Mason Sen r . Esq . 

Doct r . David Townsend 
Doct r . William Eustis 
Thomas Walley Esq r . 
John Lucas Esq r . 
Be A Committee for the Purpose aforesaid 

i 

Committee to Consider A Report relative to Collectors, in- 
formed the Town by their Chairman. Coll . Crafts that, they 
were not yet ready to make report. 

Adjourned to this day Three weeks being the 19 th . of August 
Next 3. O'Clock. P.M : 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1790. 239 

Thursday the 19 th . of August 3. O'Clock P.M. Met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

The Selectmen having as the Law directs, laid before the In- 
habitants Lists of Persons [182.] Of good Moral Character, 
and such as they Judged, well qualified to serve as Jurors 
whereupon 

Voted. That the Gentlemen the Selectmen, be and hereby are 
appointed A Committee to receive and act further upon said List 
of Jurors according to Law Mem , reconsidered. 

The Committee appointed to Consider the State of the Ahns- 
house Reported 

1 st . That the building now occupied for the Almshouse is too 
near the Center of the Town, and not sufficiently Large to ac- 
commodate the Number of the poor present in the House pre- 
vious to the War the number did not exceed. 150.. or 180.. in 
the Winter season, nor 100 .. or 120 .. in Summer There are in 
the Present month of August between 270 .. & 280 .. in the 
ensuing Winter it is Probable there will be between 300 .. and 
400. 

2 d . There is no Ground in the Yard to Admit of any Addi- 
tional buildings. 

3 d . In all infirmaries, poor houses, and hospitals, it is con- 
sidered an essential provision that separate and detached build- 
ings should be appropriated for the reception and accommodation 
of such Persons, as are diseased, more especially those whose 
diseases are infectious The Almshouse [183.] in Boston, is 
perhaps the only instance known where Persons of every descrip- 
tion and disease are lodged under the same roof and in some in- 
stances in the same or Contiguous Apartments, by which means 
the sick are disturbed, by the Noise of the healthy, and the infirm 
rendered liable to the Vices and diseases of the diseased, and 
profligate. 

4 th . The Present buildings are so Constructed, as not to 
Admit of a free Ventilation and they are so Old as to require 
constant repairs 

5 th The Yard is not Spacious enough to Admit of Sufficient 
walk for the Patients, while the Air is rendered Noxious, from the 
Number of Pitts and Vaults, Necessarily made near together, 
and too Near the Dwelling houses. 

The Committee Therefore report as their opinion, that An article 
be inserted in the Warrant for the Town Meeting in October 



240 CITY DOCUMENT. 

next to Notify the inhabitants, that this subject so important 
to the Town be taken up and Acted upon at that time 

Thomas Dawes ^ r order 

The foreging Report having been read and Considered. The 
Question was put Viz 1 . Whether the same shall be Accepted 
it Passed in the Affirmative 

[184.] The Committee to Settle the Late treasurer Boyers 
account Reported and the same having been read and Con- 
sidered by the Town it was Voted, That 

Hon ble . James Sullivan Esq r . 
Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Sen r . Esq r . 
Charles Jarvis Esq r . 
Jonathan Mason Jun r . Esq r . 
Joseph Barrell Esq r . 
Joseph Russell Jun r . Esq r . 
Hon ble . Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

be A Committee to Examine into the State of the Debts and 
Credits of the Town, to Enquire into the State of Outstanding 
Taxes, what Proportion of such Taxes can Probably be Collected, 
what Measures may be Pursued to enforce A Collection, and 
what Measures can be best Adopted to relieve the Town from its 
Present Embarrassments, as well as such as may have a tendency, 
to Place and hold the Police & Finances of the Town upon a 
respectable footing also 

Voted. That the aforementioned Report be handed to the 
above Named Committee. 

The Committee appointed to Consider the request of the Col- 
lectors of Taxes. That a further allowance may be made them for 
their Services, beg Leave to Report. That they have Attended 
that business and that it appears to them, that the request is 
[185.] reasonable, and that four per Cent be allowed the Col- 
lectors, upon all they shall Collect upon the outstanding Taxes of 
1789. and that five per Cent be Allowed them on all they shall 
Collect of the Taxes of 1790. not yet Issued, any Vote to the 
Contrary notwithstanding 

Thomas Crafts ^ r . ord r 

The aforegoing report having been read and Considered. The 
Question was put. Viz*. Whether the Same shall be accepted. 
Passed in the Affirmative. 

Adjourned to Monday Next 9. O'Clock in the forenoon. 

Monday the 23 d clay of August 9. O'Clock in the forenoon. Met 
according to Adjournment 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1790. 241 

The Selectmen having as the Law [requires] laid before the 
inhabitants. Lists of Persons of good Moral Character, and such 
as they Judged well Qualified to Serve as Jurors. The Town 
Preceded To Examine Said List, and Selected one quarter part 
Of the Number, being such as they Judged best qualified to Serve 
at the Supreme Judicial Court, and their Names being Written on 
Separate pieces of Paper were put into one of the Boxes, to be 
liable to be drawn out to Serve on the Petit Jury at the supreme 
Judicial Court and the remainder of said List, the Names being 
Written on Separate paper were put [186.] Into the other box 
Provided by the Selectmen, To Serve on the Petit Jury at the 
Court of Common Pleas, and General Sessions of the Peace, all 
being done in the Town Meeting and Strictly Conformable to an 
act, Entitled an Act, for regulating the Choice and Services of 
Petit Jurors. Passed the 16 th June 1784 

Voted. That all matters and things Which Remain Unfinished 
at this meeting be referred Over to the Next General Town 
Meeting that may be Called. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town, be and hereby are given 
to the Honorable Thomas Dawes Sen r . Esq r . for his good Ser- 
vices As Moderator 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



[187.] At A Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston diily Qualified and Legaly Warned 
in Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 
the 4 th day of October Anno Domini 1790. 10. O'Clock A : M : 

Prayer made by the Rev d . Mr. West. 
Warrant for Calling the Meeting. read 

Resolve of General Court of Massachusets for Calling this 
meeting for the Choice of A Representative for Congress ; and 
that part of the Constitution which relates to the Choice of Rep- 
resentatives. read. 

The Inhabitants were directed to Withdraw, and bring in their 
Votes for one Person being an Inhabitant of the District of the 
County of Suffolk, To Represent the People of this Common- 
wealth, in Congress of the United States Agreeably to A Vote 
of the General Court of the Commonwealth of the Massachusetts, 
the 18 th July last 

It was then declared that the Polls would be Closed at one 
O'Clock. and that the Votes would be received at the Table 



242 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Persons. Voted for To Represent the People of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts [188.] in Congress of the United 
States being inhabitants of the district of the County of Suffolk 
with the Number of Votes to each Person Viz*. 

Votes 

Hon ble . Fisher Ames Esq r . 1203 

Hon ble Thomas Dawes J r . Esq r . 128 

Hon ble Benjamin Austin Ju r . Esq r . - - - - 213 

The Votes, for A Representative being given in and Declared, 
it was moved and Voted that the Town Now come to the Choice 
of A Moderator by A hand Vote, in order to transact the other 
business Mentioned in the Warrant. 

Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
was Chosen Moderator of the Meeting. 

Then Adjourned to Friday Next 10 O'Clock being the 8 th of 
October Instant 

Town Met according to Adjournment The Meeting being Thin 
it was moved and Voted that this meeting be further Adjourned 
to the first Wednesday in November next being the 3 d . of said 
Mouth at 10. O'Clock A : M : 

November 3 d . 1790. At 10 O'Clock A : M : Met according to 
Adjournment 

Coll- Crafts Moderator being Prevented from giving his At- 
tendance 

[189.] The Honorable Caleb Davis Esq r . was Chosen Mod- 
erator Pro Tern 

Moved & Voted. That all matters and things which shall re- 
main unfinished at this meeting be referred over to the General 
Town meeting in March next 

M r . Hills Memorial was read, when it was moved and Voted, 
that the same be referred to A Committee for consideration. 
also. 

Voted, that the Committee relative to the Towns Finances, be 
A Committee for s d . Petition to Report at March Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

[19O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified and Legally Warned in 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1791. 243 

Public Town Meeting. Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
14 th day of March Anno Domini 1791 10. O'Clock. A : M : 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . Peter Thatcher 
Warrant for calling the Meeting, read 

Sundry Laws, to be read at this Meeting, were accordingly 
- - - - read 

The Inhabitants were directed to Withdraw, and to bring in 
their Votes for A Moderator of this Meeting, and the same having 
been brought in and sorted it appeared 

That the Honorable Thomas Dawes Esq r . was Chosen 

The Inhabitants then were directed To withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for A Town Clerk, and the Same having been brought 
in and Sorted it appeared, that 

William Cooper was Chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing 
and the Oath was Administered to him by Thomas Crafts Esq r . 

[191.] The Town having determined by A Vote to Choose 
Nine Selectmen, The Inhabitants Were directed to Withdraw 
and bring in their Votes for that Number and upon Sorting them 
it appeared that the following Gentlemen Viz*. 

Harbottle Dorr Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
Thomas Walley Esq r . 
Deacon W m Boardman 
Ebenezer Sever 
. Jabez Hatch Esq r . 
Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Thomas Edwards Esq r . 
M r . Joseph Peirce 
Were Chosen Selectmen for the Year Ensuing 

Twelve O'Clock Assigned for the Choice of A County Register. 
Poll to be Closed y^ past one O'Clock. 

Three. O'Clock Assigned for the Choice Of County Register. 
Poll to be Closed at 4. O'Clock 

The Report of the Committee relative to the Almshouse 
read Whereupon 

Voted, that this report be recommitted, and said Committee 
are desired to Report at large, at the Adjournment of this Meeting 



244 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[192.] also Voted. That it be inserted in the News Papers 
that such report (if the Committee are ready) will then be Con- 
sidered, and acted upon at the Adjournment. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed A 
Committee to Count the Votes that shall be brought in for A 
County register 

VOTES, for A Register of Deeds for the County of Suffolk, 
brought in and Counted by the Selectmen (A Committee Chosen 
for the Purpose) when it appeared that the whole Number was 
one Thousand one hundred and Nineteen, and that they were for 
the following Persons. Viz*. 

Vote* 

Joshua Henshaw Esq r . ------ 342 

Samuel Barrett Esq r . 335 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 146 

M r . Henry Alline 199 

M r . Elkanah Hawkes 96 

Samuel Quincy Esq r . 1 



1119 



All the above being discreet suitable persons and Freeholders and 
Residents In the same County 

Att. William Cooper Town Clerk Mem . An Attested Copy 
hereof was given To Ezekiel Price Esq r . Clerk of the Sessions. 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P : M : - 

[193.] Three O'Clock P : M : Town met 

VOTES, for a Treasurer for the County of Suffolk, brought in. 
and Counted, by the Moderator and Town Clerk, when it appeared, 
that the whole number was. Three hundred and Ninety four, and 
that they were all for Thomas Crafts Esq r . a discreet suitable 
Person, being a Free-holder, and Resident in the Same County 

Mem . The Attested Copy hereof was given to Ezekiel Price 
Esq r . Clerk of the Sessions. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and bring in their 
Votes, for Twelve Overseers Of the Poor, and the same being 
brought in & Sorted It appeared That 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . 

John White Esq r . 

Edward Procter Esq r . 

John Sweetser Esq r . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1791. 245 

Jonathan L. Austin Esq r . 

Samuel Parkman Esq r . 

M r . Edward Edes 

Henry Hill Esq r . 

John Codman Jun r . Esq r . 

M r . William Smith 

William Phillips Jun r Esq r . 

Stephen Goreham Esq r . 

Were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the year Ensuing Unani- 
mously 

[194.] M r . Joseph Russell - 

was Chosen Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing and the Oath 
of Office Administred to him by the Town Clerk. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and bring in their 
Votes, for Sixteen Firewards, and the same brought in and sorted 
it Appeared That 

The Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Tyleston 

John Winthrop Esq r . 

Thomas Melvil Esq r . 

Jabez Hatch Esq r . 

Samuel Breck Esq r . 

M r . Jacob Rhodes 

M r . Joseph Clark 

Hon. Thomas Russell Esq r . 

Joseph Russell Jun r . Esq r . 

M r . Edward Edes 

Samuel Parkman Esq r . 

Jonathan Mason Ju r . Esq r . 

Amasa Davis Esq r . 

M r . Russell Sturgis 

Henry Jackson Esq r . 
Were Chosen Firewards for the year Ensuing 

Moved and Voted That a Committee be appointed to take into 
Consideration the State of The Market at Large and report 
thereon at the Adjournment. [195.]. Voted, That 
The Hon. Caleb Davis Esq r . 
William Tudor Esq r . 
John Lucas Esq r . 
M r . Elisha Sigorney 
Cap*. James Prince 
Be A Committee for the purpose. 

Moved & Voted, That the Choice of a Clerk for Faneuil Hall 
Market be referred to the Adjournment. 

The Article in the \Varrant Viz 1 , to Choose A School Commit- 
tee, read On Motion 



246 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Voted, That in Addition to the Selectmen Twelve Persons shall 
now be chosen, and the following Gentlemen were accordingly 
Chosen by Ballot - - - Viz*. 

Hon Thomas Dawes Sen r . Esq r . 
Rev d . Samuel West 
Rev d . John Lothrop D. D. 
Rev d . James Freeman 
John Coffin Jones Esq r . 
D r . Thomas Welch 
D r . Nathaniel W. Appleton 
Jonathan Mason Ju r . Esq r . 
Aaron Dexter Esq r . 
Christopher Gore Esq r . 
George R. Minot Esq r . 
William Tudor Esq r . 

[196.] Also. Voted, That the aforegoing Committee who 
Conjunctly are to be 'termed the SCHOOL COMMITTEE. Be and 
hereby are directed To Carry the New System of Education 
which has been Adopted by the Town into operation, and said 
Committee are also Authorized and impowered Conjunctly to 
manage and regulate the affairs and Government of the Schools, 
and in future to Exercise all the Powers relating to the Schools 
and Schoolmasters which the Selectmen or such Committees are 
Authorized by the Laws of the Commonwealth Or the Votes of 
this Town to Exercise, any former Votes of the Town Notwith- 
standing 

Harbottle Dorr Esq r . having declined Serving as A Selectman, 
into which Office He had been again Chosen 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town, be and hereby are given 
to Harbottle Dorr Esq r . for his good and faithful services as a 
selectman for Twelve years past. 

Coll- Hatch, having also, resigned As A Selectman, received 
the Thanks of the Town for his good, and faithful Services in 
that office for A Number of Years past. 

[197.] On Motion Voted. That the Town Treasurer give 
Bond with Sureties to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen, in the 
Penal sum of Ten Thousand Pounds, for his faithful discharge 
of the duties of his Office. 

The Article in the Warrant relative to Doctor Franklins dona- 
tions. read and the Consideration of that matter is referred to 
the Adjournment. 

Voted. That the Assessors be and hereby are directed and 
empowered to Set for such abatements of Taxes as they shall 
Judge reasonable, two days in Each week, after the delivery of 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1791. 247 

the Tax books to the Collectors, for the Space of Six Weeks ; 
and no Longer. Saving that they be Allowed to Set the Last Week 
in February, Lords day Excepted, for the abatement of the Taxes 
of such Persons, as had not the opportunity of applying in the 
aboue Limited time by reason of their being out of the Common- 
wealth, or other unavoidable hindrance, and that the Assessors 
determine upon the Said Two days, which is to be Noted on the 
Tax bills, to be delivered to the inhabitants 

[198.] The Votes, being brought in for Five Assessors, it 
appeared that 

Giles Harris Esq r . 

M r . William Lowder 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 

M r . John R. Sigorney 

M r . Edward Davis 
were Chose Assessors for the year ensuing 

Mess". James Morrel 
William Shaw 
Zach a . Hicks 
Lewis Games 
Thomas Clark 
Daniel Greenleaf 
Samuel Snelling 
Samuel Bradley 
Joseph Woodward 
James Green 
Thomas Rogers 
William Coolidge 
were Chosen Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

Voted That the Hon Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

Herman Brimmer Esq r . 

Joseph Russell Jun r . Esq r . 

be and hereby are appointed A Committee to Audit the accounts 
of the Town Treasurer and also the [199.] Accounts of the 
Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor, And said Committee are 
also directed to report the Sum Necessary to be raised for the 
service of the Present year. 

Voted, That the Consideration of all money matters be referred 
over to the Next May Meeting. 

The Petition, relative to Hackney Coaches. Whereupon Voted, 

That Perez Morton Esq r . 
M r . Benjamin Russell 
Coll- Craft 
Maj- Gobbet 
Mr. Edward Davis 
be A Committee on said Petition to Report at the Adjournment. 



248 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Adjourned, to Tuesday Morning 9. O. Clock A : M : 

Tuesday the 15 th . March Instant 9. O'Clock. Met according 
to Adjournment. 

Mess r8 . Benjamin White 
Samuel Dyer 
William Crafts 
Andrew Townsend Ju r . 
William Todd 
Were Chose Fence Viewers for the year ensuing 

[2OO.] Mess 18 . William Billings 
Thomas Bradley 
Jacob Holland 
Nathan Green 
were Chose sealers of Leather for the year Ensuing 

The Selectmen were Chosen Surveyors of high ways for the 
Year Ensuing. 

Mess 18 . William McNeil 

Jeffery Richardson 
were chose surveyors of Hemp for the year Ensuing 

M r . Adam Colson 
was chose an informer of Deer, for the year Ensuing 

Mess". George Hamlin 
Francis Booth 
James Wheeler 
were chose Haywards for the Ensuing Year 



Mess rs . Geoige Hamlin 
Francis Booth 
were chose Hogreeves for the year Ensuing 

John Lucas Esq r . 
Edward Tuckerman Esq r . 
were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the year Ensuing 

Mess 18 : Thomas Green 
John Skinner 

were Chose Assay masters for the year ensuing 

[2O1.] Mess rs : John Ballard 
Thomas Uran 
William Cunningham 
Edward Welds 
were chose sealers of Wood for the year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1791. 249 

M r . Joseph Peirce declines 
Serving as A Selectman, Moved and 

Voted. That the Choice of Three Selectmen in the room of 
those who have declined Serving be referred over to the Adjourn- 
ment 

Voted. That five per Cent be and hereby is allowed to the 
Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums of 
Money and Public Securities as they shall Collect, and Pay into 
the Several Treasuries, of the Sums Committed to them to Col- 
lect ; Also that such Collectors shall give Bond with Sufficient 
Sureties, to the satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful dis- 
charge of their Duty in Said Office, and Complying with this 
Vote and that they will not receive any Premium or Gratuity 
for discounting any orders, Notes or receipts, from the Treasurer 
of this State, or The Treasurer of this Town, 

Mess rs : Benj a . Henderson 
James Thompson 
Thomas Bayley 
Charles Williams 
[2O2.] Were Chose Collectors of Taxes for the year ensuing 

The Assessors Return of the State of Collectors debts, being 
Previously read 

moved & Voted. That the Choice of Surveyors of Boards be 
referred to the Adjournment As also those of Collectors of Staves ; 
and that the Choice of those officers shall Commence at 12. 
O'Clock A: M. 

The Inhabitants as directed Brought in their Votes for 12 
Constables. When It Appeared That 
Mess 18 : Shubael Hewes 

Samuel Whitney 

Benjamin Homans 

John Bosson 

John Cades 

John Butterfield 

James Perkins 

Henry Crumston 

Abner Rumrill 

Edward Wentworth 

Andrew Townsend 

Samuel White 
Were chose Constables, for the Ensuing Year 

Adjourned to Wednesday The 30 th . of March Instant 10. 
O'Clock A : M : 



250 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[2O3.] Wednesday 10. O'Clock A:M: Met according to 
Adjournment - 

M r . Charles "Williams Chosen a Collector of Taxes having de- 
clined the present year 

on Motion. Voted, That the Choice of another Collector be 
referred over to May Meeting 

The Inhabitants having brought in their Votes for Three Select- 
men and the Votes being counted. It appeared that the following 
Gentlemen viz*. 

M r . Samuel Salisbury 

M r . William Little 

M r . Samuel Cabot 

were Chosen Selectmen in place of the Three Gentlemen, who 
had declined Serving. 

M r . Jacob Rhodes having excused himself from Serving as A 
fireward the Present Year Ensuing Voted That thanks of the 
Town be and hereby are given unto M r . Jacob Rhodes for his 
faithful Services as A Fireward for A Number of Years Past. 

The Votes being brought and Counted, it appeared M r . Samuel 
Whitwell was Chosen A Fireward for the Ensuing Year. 

Mess 1 " 8 . Daniel Austin 

Arnold Wells Jun r . 
Were Chose Clerks of the market for the ensuing year 

[2O4.] The Committee appointed to Consider the State of 
the Market and what Measures would be most Advisable for the 
Town to Adopt respecting the same 

Report, That it is expedient that all the Stalls without the 
House be Marked and Numbered, and that the Selectmen Affix 
A Monthly Price to Each, as well as to any future ones that may 
be established. That the Selectmen immediately publish Pro- 
posals for farming out the whole Of the Market, the Stalls within 
the House Excepted, in the Centinel for Three Weeks Succes- 
sively to the highest bidder being an inhabitant of this town, who 
shall deliver in his terms in writing to the Selectmen for one 
Year from the time of executing the Contract, and on The fol- 
lowing Conditions. 

1 st . To Give bond with sufficient Security to the acceptance 
of the Selectmen for fullfilment of his Contract 

2 d . The Rent to be paid Quarterly. 

,3 d . To Observe Such regulations and Directions of the Select- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1791. 251 

men, as they shall Establish from time to time During the Ex- 
istence of the Lease respecting Transient Persons, Selling Meat 
& Vegetables 

[2O5.] 4 th . In no Case to demand more from the Holders 
of the Stalls than the price affixed upon them by the Selectmen 
at the time of making the Contract. 

5 th . That all Dirt shall be removed from all parts of the 
Market. Every day before Nine O'Clock at Night. The Con- 
tractor to have the sole right to the same. 

6 th . The Contractor to Engage as far as lies within his Power 
to Prevent all forestalling 

7 th . That the Contractor shall Constantly keep in some suit- 
able Place where the Selectmen shall direct A standard of "Weights 
and Measures for the Accommodation of the Inhabitants of the 
Town Sufficient to weigh to the amount of Fifty Pounds Also 
That the Selectmen or a Major Part of Them, be and they hereby 
are Authorized to Prosecute for all breaches of the Condition of 
the Bond, mentioned in this Report, and are authorized to appear 
in all Courts of Law to represent the Town on any Suits they may 
think Necessary to institute thereon And are also Authorized to 
dispense with all breaches of the Condition of said Bonds, as 
shall in their discretion be entitled to that indulgence was read 
and Considered 

[2O6.] Whereupon the Question was put Viz*. Whether 
this report as now Amended be received And Accepted by the 
Town Passed in the Affirmative 

The Committee directed by the Town at A former Meeting of 
the Inhabitants to take into Consideration the expediency of pro- 
viding A more Suitable Place for the reception and Convenience 
of the Poor Have diligently Attended to this service together 
with A Proposition of A respectable Citizen upon the Same Sub- 
ject beg Leave to Submit the following report. 

They are Unanimously of Opinion from the Number of Sick 
and others, who, of Late, have been provided for in the Alms- 
house, as well as from its Situation which }'our Committee Con- 
ceive is very ineligible, that it must be soon expedient if not 
indispensably requisite, to Procure other buildings for their better 
accommodation ; but, your Committee think at the Same time, 
that the Completion of this business must be deferred to A 
future meeting, as the measures hitherto Proposed for this Pur- 
pose imply A Necessity for an Additional debt on the Town, Or 
an augmentation of Taxes, Neither of which your Committee can 
recommend. 



252 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[2O7.] In Addition to these reasons for delay, they have 
thought proper to mention another circumstance to the Town 
which has had no little influence in deciding their Sentiments on 
this Point 

The Inhabitants well know that all the standing Laws of the 
Government arising from that Spirit of humanity which has in- 
variably directed our public proceedings on this Subject, all 
strangers destitute of the means of Support have been hitherto 
Maintained at the Expence of the Commonwealth in the same 
manner with the Poor of the Towns, who by every tie of birth 
and consanguinity are entitled to our Aid and benevolence 

The propriety of this Practise has been Confirmed by imme- 
morial usage in this Government, but an opinion having arisen 
that the Support of those who are distinguished as the Poor 
of the State, might be rendered Less expensive by A new ar- 
rangement, A Scheme has been Projected to have this Concern 
referred to the care of Individuals, which has been always Com- 
mitted to Bodies Corporate in this Country from its earliest set- 
tlement to the present moment. This business on its examination 
has determined your Committee to Suggest to the Town [2O8.] 
The Propriety of having it Conducted in future on New Principles 
in order to this they recommend the Choosing A Committee to 
be Specially impowered to Negotiate and Conclude A Contract 
with the Government for the Support of the Poor of the State for 
a given time The final Adjustment of this business with the 
Government must have A great influence in directing the Sense 
of the Town On the Subject under their Present Consideration ; 
As it must be Obvious that the Poor of the State are to be removed 
from this Town. The Necessity of Erecting New buildings would 
be less urgent than at Present But if they are to be Continued 
by Virtue of A Contract with the Government This must operate 
as A Strong Motive to Carry the Plan of Erecting another House 
into a speedy Effect. Perhaps A Sale of the Present Almshouse, 
Workhouse. & Granary together with such Donations as might be 
made by the opulent Citizens, would lessen the burthen Necessary 
to be Laid on the Town when this business shall require imme- 
diate Execution. 

The Committee ask leave to Sit again, That if Practicable, fur- 
ther measures may be devised [2O9.] To facilitate the accom- 
plishment of this object and they beg leave to observe that they 
are fully impressed with a due sense of the purity of the motive 
which Originated the Proposal referred to in the former part of 
this report, Although they cannot recommend it to the Town for 
their acceptance 

all which is submitted, 

Thomas Dawes ^ ord r . 

The foregoing report having been Considered. The Question 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1791. 253 

was put whether the same shall be Accepted Passed in the 
Affirmative 

The Committee relative to Hackney Coaches. Reported, 
whereupon Moved that the further Consideration of this report 
be referred to May Meeting 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P : M : 

3 O'Clock P : M : 

Met according to Adjournment 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for one selectman and the same being brought in & Counted 
it appeared that M r . Charles Bulfinch was Chosen Unanimously 

[21O.] The Votes being brought in for one Constable, it ap- 
peared that 

M r . Nathaniel Henchman was Chosen A Constable for the Year 
Ensuing 

On Motion Voted to Consider the Vote for Choosing Twelve 
Cullers of Staves 

The Votes brought in for 12 Surveyors of Boards and Shingles 
it appeared that only Ten were Chosen Viz*. 

Mess rs . John Champney 
Samuel Dyer 
Benjamin Page 
James Rogers 
Abraham Hay ward 
Benjamin White 
Daniel Ingersol Jun r . 
James Blake 
James Robins 
Hopestill Capen 
Were Chosen Surveyors of Boards for the Year Ensuing 

Voted That the Choice of the other two, be referred to May 
Meeting 

[211.] The Votes being brought in for 14 Cullers of Staves 
and Hoops it appeared that the 13 following Persons Viz*. 
Mess rs . Henry Purket 
Joseph Loring 
William Parkman 
James Barry 
Arthur Langford 
Edward Burt 
Edmund Dolbear 



254 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Joseph Basset 
David Marston 
Thomas Barber 
Isaac Smith 
Thomas Foster 
Jonathan Gushing 
Were Chosen Cullers of Hoops and Staves for the Year Ensuing 

The Votes being brought in for A Collector of Taxes it ap- 
peared that 

M r . Caleb Blanchard 
was Chosen A Collector of Taxes for the Year Ensuing 

Article relative to Doct r . Franklins donation read. On Motion, 
Voted that the further Consideration Subside. 



Voted, that all matters and things Unfinished be re- 
ferred over to May Meeting 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
unto the Honorable Thomas Dawes Esq r . Moderator for his 
good Services, in forwarding the business of the Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



[213.] At, A Meeting of the male inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of Twenty one years of age, and appeared qualified as 
the Constitution prescribes legally warned in public Town meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 4 th day of April 
Anno Domini 1791. 

The meeting was opened with prayer by the Reverend M r . 

Clark 

Warrant for calling the meeting read 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or frame of Government, rela- 
tive to the choice of Governor Lieu*. Governor and Senators 
- - - - read 

It was declared by the Selectmen That no Vote would be re- 
ceived but such as are unfolded, and that they purpose the Poll 
should be Closed at half past 12 O'Clock and the Votes received 
at the Table 

It was Ordered by the Selectmen, that the Bell be tolled at 12. 
O'Clock. 



BOSTON TOWN RECOKDS, 1791. 255 

[214.] Persons Voted for as Governor w th The Number of 

Votes for Each Person Viz*. 

Votes 

His Excellency John Hancock Esq r . 543 

Honorable Francis Dana Esq r . ----- 80 

Hon ble Samuel Adams Esq r . 1 

Hon ble Thomas Russell Esq r . 1 

Hon ble Azor One Esq r . 1 

M r . Andrew Oliver ...- 1 

M r . Christopher Clark 1 

Persons Voted for as Lieu*. Governor with the number of 
Votes for each Person - - - Viz 1 . 

Votes 

His Honor Samuel Adams Esq r . 540 

Hon ble . Samuel Phillips Esq r . ----- 26 

Hou ble . Tho 8 . Russell Esq r . 57 

Hon ble . Elbridge Gerry Esq r . 1 

Hon ble . Azor Orne Esq r . 3 

M r . John Kneeland 2 

Persons Voted for as Senators for the County of Suffolk with 
the Number of Votes for Each person ------- Viz*. 

Votes 

Hon ble . William Phillips Esq r . 621 

Hon ble . Cotton Tufts Esq r . 630 

Hon ble . Stephen Metcalf Esq r . 625 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes, Esq r . 627 

Hon ble . Benjamin Austin, Ju r . Esq r . - - - 469 

[215.] Honorable William Heath Esq r . 469 

James Bowdoin Esq r . - - - - 156 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . - - - - 151 

Hon ble . Richard Cranch Esq r . 2 

Hon ble . Thomas Russell Esq r . 26 

Hon ble . Step". Higginson Esq r . 2 

Hon ble . Caleb Davis - - Esq r . 1 

John Read Esq r . 3 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . - 3 

Ebenezer Thayer Ju r . Esq r . - - - - 1 

Attested Copies of Persons Voted for as Governor, Lieu* Gov- 
ernor, and Senators for the County of Suffolk were Committed to 
the Secretary of this Commonwealth and the Inclosures sealed 
Up in Town Meeting, Superscribed as follows - - - - Viz* . 

For John A very Esq r . 

Secretary for the Commonwealth 

Of Massachusetts 

The Number of Votes, for The Town of Boston for a GOVER- 



256 CITY DOCUMENT. 

NOR, Lieu*. Governor, and Six Senators for the County of Suf- 
folk, Certified with and Sealed up in Town Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



[216.] At A meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally Warned in 
Public Town Meeting, Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 
10 th day of May Anno Domini 1791 10 O'Clock A : M : 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Eliot 
"Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

That part of the Constitution, or frame of Goverment which 
relates to the Choice of representatives - read 

Sundry Laws to be read at Said meeting were accordingly 
- - - - - - - - - - - - read 



The Town having determined to choose seven persons to repre- 
sent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to be held in 
the state.House in Boston on the last Wednesday of May Cur- 
rent Agreeably to the Constitution or frame of Goverment for 
the Massachusets The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw 
and bring in their Votes for Seven Representatives. And then 
it was declared [217.] By the- Selectmen. That no Votes would 
be received but such as are unfolded, and that they intend the 
Poll shall be Closed at half past 12. O'Clock. Bell to toll A little 
before that time. 

The Votes being brought in for Seven Representatives. The 
Number of the same were found to be four hundred and Seventy 
Nine, and upon sorting them it appeared that the following Gen- 
tlemen were Chosen by A Majority of Votes Viz*. 

Votes 

William Tudor Esq r . 348 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . -------- 478 

Samuel Breck Esq r . 473 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . 472 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . 471 

William Eustis Esq r . 472 

Jonathan Mason Ju r . Esq r . ------ 472 

The Choice of Representatives being Over it was Moved and 
Voted, that the Town Now Come to the Choice of a Moderator 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1791. 257 

by A hand Vote in order to transact the other business mentioned 
in the Warrant. 

The Honorable Thomas Dawes Esq r . was Chosen Moderator 
accordingly 

[218.] On Motion Voted That 3. O'Clock P : M : be As- 
signed for the Choice of County Register and that the Poll be 
Closed at 5. O'Clock 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P : M : 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

Mess". Joshua Bently 

Edward Ranger 
were Chosen Surveyors of Boards the Year Ensuing 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed A Com- 
mittee to Count the Votes That shall be brought in for A County 
Register 

VOTES for A Register of Deeds for the County of Suffolk, 
brought in and Counted by the Selectmen. (A Committee 
chosen for that Purpose) When it appeared that the whole 
Number was Eight hundred and Thirty four, and that they were 
for the following Persons ----------- Viz*. 

Votes 

Joshua Henshaw Esq r . - - - - - - - 151 

Samuel Barrett Esq r . 185 

Samuel Ruggles Esq. 113 

M r . Henry Alline 385 

The above being discreet suitable Persons and freeholders and 
Residents in said County 

Attest William Cooper Town Clerk 

[219.] Memorandum. An Attested Copy hereof was given 
to Ezekiel Price Esq r . Clerk of the Sessions directed as follows. 
Boston, Number of Votes for A Register of Deeds. 

The Committee appointed to Audit the accounts of the Town 
Treasury and Examine the draughts of the Selectmen & Over- 
seers Report 

That the Treasurers Accompts are right cast and well Vouched 
and we find by the acco te Now rendered A balance in favour of the 
Town 911'.) ,, 17 ,, 11^ The General State of the Treasury is 
as follows ------------ Viz 1 . - - D r . 



258 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



Due to the Town from Several Collectors March 1 st . 1791 
Charles Williams for 1789 Tax ------ 1944 12 

DO. 1790 -------- 1433 



James Thompson for 1789 Tax - - 819 12 ,, 10 
1790 do. - - 1587 5 



Thomas Bayley - - 1789 - - - - 614 6 
1790 . . . . 1421 19 ~ 



Benjam n . Henderson 1789 - - - - 329,, 10,, 2 
1790 - - - - 1536 11 7 



3377 13 1 

2406 18 9% 

2063 6 ,, 1. 

1866 1 9) 



From the Commonwealth 10503 ,, 2 ,, 8 

Town Powder -------- 312 ,, 11 ,, 8 

Several Small Notes 35 ,, 10 _8 

20252 13 ,, 1 

Sum brought over 20252 13 1 

Sundry balances from A Number of People out of ) I71ft 1A 

which the Committee Think 1300 - - bad - - j L0 " 14 " * 

From Several Persons for Rents -------- 317 ,, 2 ,, 9 

Estate of David Jeffries ----------- SO,, 

Old Paper Money funded ---------- 411 ,, 1 ,, 8 

Cash in the Treasury -.. 189 16 ,, 3 

22917 8 1> 
Due from the Town as follows - - - Viz*. 

Sundry Small balances - - - 393 19 
To the Estate of Sami. Partridge 710 14 

Matthew Nazro 168 8 

Samuel Whitwell - - - - 37 7 . 
Due on Selectmens drafts - - - 478 9 , 5 

Overseers ------- 78 9 

William Cooper ----- 54 15 , 9 

John Vinal - - - - 176 15 , 3% 

Notes on Interest 12532 4 , 

Interest due to March Compounded 2118 10, 10 

16749 15 10 

Probable deductions. Viz*. 

Suppose bad Debts 1300 ,, 

part of Rents ------- 150 ,, 

abatem te . on Tax 1790 900 

Collect 18 . & Assessors pay - - - 700 ,, - - 3050 ,, 



Balance - - 



19799 15 10 
- - 3117,, 12,, 3)4 



[221.] Your Committee having Examined the State of Town 
Treasury find A balance in favour of the Town on the first day of 
March last of 3 117,, 12, ,3^ Provided all the Outstanding 
taxes are paid, and the other debtors of the Town pay their bal- 
ances due. Your Committee beg Leave further to Report, that 
the Annual draught of the Overseers and Selectmen for Several 
Years past have been 7000 And that the Present Year there 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1791. 259 

are Several New Peices of Pavements, And A New School house 
Petitioned for, which if Completed will make the Current expences 
exceed the former sum, And as the Taxes from the Collectors 
cannot be Collected for Sometime, and the Last year having 
Proved to the Town The Necessity of having money in the 
Treasury (as all the Towns expences by having Money to pay 
on demand are made at Twenty five per Cent less then they have 
heretofore been on Credit) Your Committee are therefore of 
opinion that the Town will make A Saving by raising A Tax of 
Ten thousand Pounds, which will enable the Town to pay their 
Notes, and Prevent not only Compound interest which they have 
long been subject to. but put them out of debt and enable them 
to go to Market, with ready money 

Thomas Dawes order 



The aforegoing Report having been read and con- 
sidered, The Town came into the following resolutions - - - Viz*. 

Whereas at A Legal Town Meeting the 10 th March 1783. The 
following Vote was Passed - Viz*. 

Voted, That the Town Treasurer be impowered and directed 
to allow the Several Creditors of the Town, who have lent money 
to the Town, Interest and Compound Interest on the Moneys 
Lent 

And it being found very detrimental to the Interest of the 
Town that the said Vote should continue any longer in force 

Voted, That the Town Treasurer be and he is hereby Author- 
ized and directed to pay 2118 ,, 10 ,, 10 Out of the moneys 
arising from the Warrant in his hands On the Treasurer of the 
Commonwealth to the Several Creditors who shall receive Interest 
& Compound Interest from March 10 th . 1783 to March 1 st 1791 

Voted, That from and after the first day of march 1791. Com- 
pound Interest shall cease to be allowed the Creditors of The 
Town. 

[223.] And Whereas it further appears that the Sum of 
12582 ,, 4 ,, 4*4 principal will remain due to the Several Credi- 
tors who are Possessed of Due bills from the Late and Present 
Treasurer, and there being A balance of 1381 ,, 9 ,, 2. from the 
Warrant on the State Treasurer after the said sum of 2118 ,, 10 
,, 6 is paid for Interest and Compound Interest on the Prin- 
cipal aforesaid, Also the Sum of 10000 being in the hands 
of the Town Treasurer which he has received from the State 
Treasury for the Support of the State poor, carrying Interest 
from Jan 17 . 1 st . 1791: Which is to be paid by Instalments from 
all the Taxes due to the Commonwealth prior to Tax N. 8. not 



260 CITY DOCUMENT. 

appropriated agreeable to A resolve of the General Court passed 
February 21 st . 1791. These two Sums with the further Sum of 
1250 ,, 15 ,, '2 l /2 which it is presumed will be immediately Col- 
lected from the 1789 Tax will be sufficient to discharge the afore- 
said Debts of 12532 ,, 4 ,, y-z thereof Voted, That the balance 
of 1381 ,, 9 ,, 2 and the 10000 in Treasury Notes and the 
further sum of 1250 ,, 15 ,, 2^ aforementioned be and hereby 
'is appropriated to discharge the said debt of 12532 ,, 4 ,, 4^ 
and the Treasurer is hereby directed to govern himself Accord- 
ingly, and upon no Occasion or demand [224.] Whatsoever to 
Apply any part of the Sum so appropriated to any other Purpose 
also 

Voted, That the Treasurer be, & he is hereby Authorised and 
directed to pay to the Creditors by Instalments as he receives the 
Moneys due from the State in Proportion to their Several de- 
mands Provided however, that if any of the Creditors of the 
Town be desirous of receiving the /State Treasurers Notes on 
Interest in the hands of the Town Treasurer in Payment for their 
Notes or due bills, or parts of them bearing Interest, he is hereby 
Authorised to pay the Same in s d . notes 

Voted, That the Sum of Eight Thousand Pounds, be raised by 
A Tax to be Assessed on the Polls, and Estates of the Inhabitants 
of this Town to defray the Expences of the Current Year 

Adjourned to Morrow 10. O'Clock A : M : 

Wednesday the 11 th . May. 10. O'Clock Met According to 
Adjournment 

[225.] The Article in the Warrant --*--- Viz*. 
To Choose and Authorise A Committee to Contract with the Gen- 
eral Court for the Support of the State's Poor read and Con- 
sidered Whereupon 

Voted, That. Jonathan Mason Esq r . 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

Thomas Walley Esq r . 

William Eustis Esq r . 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . 

John Sweetser Esq r . 

Be and hereby are appointed A Committee fully Authorised and 
impowered to Contract in behalf of the Inhabitants with the Gen- 
eral Court for the Support of the States Poor, for such A Term 
and in such A manner as they shall think meet 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer once in Every Month lay be- 
fore the Selectmen the Several Sums of Money which he has 
received from the Collectors Individually and the Expenditures 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1791. 261 

of the said Monies in order that the Selectmen may more readily 
be Acquainted with the money matters of the Town 



Voted, That the Town Treasurer be and hereby is 
Authorized upon any extraordinary emergency to borrow on the 
Credit of the Town any Sum not exceeding five hundred Pounds 
Allowing Lawfull Interest for the Same, the Sum So borrowed to 
be repaid as soon as may be from the Tax of 1790 

Upon A Petition of A Number of Inhabitants of this Town. 
Setting forth the Necessity of A New School being Erected at 
the North part of the Town 

Voted, that the Prayer of said Petition be Complied with, and 
that the School Committee be Authorised & desired to Cause A 
New School house to be Erected of such dimensions and in Such 
manner as will in their Judgement, with the Least Expence to the 
Town, best Answer the Views of the Petitioners. 

Voted, That the Town Treasurer be Directed to retain the Six 
per Cent & Three per Cent funded Certificates in hand the Prop- 
erty of the Town Unless he can discharge any of the Towns Debts 
bearing Interest, at the rates of Twenty Shillings on the Pound 
for the Six per Cent, and ten Shillings for the Three per Cent, 
inclusive with the Interest due upon them 

Adjourned to 4. O'Clock P : M : 

3. O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 



Voted, That, Charles Jarvis Esq r . 
Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Hon. Step n . Higginson Esq r . 
Thomas Edwards Esq r . 
M r . Charles Bulflnch 

Be A Committee to devise A Plan to facilitate and Secure the 
Punctual Collections of the Taxes of this Town and to Report to 
the Town at the Next meeting 

The Inhabitants as directed brought in their Votes for Three 

Cullers of Dry Fish When it appeared. That 

M r . John MTarland 
Cap tn . Roger Bartlet 
Cap tn . Joseph Doble 

Were Chosen Cullers of Dry fish the year Ensuing 

Committee on the Petition of M r . Allexander Hill, Reported. 
and the meeting being thin 

Voted that the Consideration thereof be referred to the Next 



262 CITY DOCUMENT. 

General Town Meeting, and to be inserted the first Article in the 
Warrant for calling the same. 

[228.] Voted, That all matters and things Which remain 
Unfinished be referred over to the Next General T.own Meeting 
that may be Called 

Voted, Thanks of the Town be given to The Honorable Thomas 
Dawes Moderator for his good Services in dispatching the busi- 
ness of the Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

[229.] At A Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and Legaly Warned 
in Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 
the 4 th day of July Anno Domini 1791 9. O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read 

William Cooper 
was Chosen Moderator by" A hand Vote 

The Committee Appointed the Last year to make Choice of A 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration On the Anniversary of Inde- 
pendence 

Reported, That they had made Choice of Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
to deliver an Oration this day Agreeable to A Late Vote of the 
Town- 

On Motion Voted That the Oration be delivered at the Old 
Brick Church 12. O'Clock Liberty having been Obtained, there- 
for 

Voted That the Gentlemen Selectmen Acquaint M r . Craft with 
this Vote. 

The Meeting was then Adjourned to meet at the Old Brick 
Church at 12. O'Clock this day 

[23O.] AN ORATION 

To Commemorate the Independence of the United States was 
delivered by Thomas Crafts Esq r . at the old Brick Church On 
Motion 

Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed A 
Committee to Wait on Thorn 8 . Crafts Jun r . Esq r . and in the 
name of the Town to thank him for the Spirited & Elegant 
Oration this day deliv d . by him at the request of the Town, upon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1791. 263 

the Anniversary of the Independence of the United States of 
America, in Which According to the Institution of the Town he 
considered the feelings, manners and Principles Which led to that 
great National Event and to Request of him A Copy thereof 
for the Press 

On motion Voted, That the Gentlemen the Selectmen. Be and 
hereby are appointed A Committee To Apply to some one learned 
and able Gentleman to Deliver an Oration on the 4 th of July 
Anno Dom 1 1792 That day being the Anniversary of the Inde- 
pendence of the United States of America ; Wherein the Orator 
is to consider the feelings, manners and Principles Which led 
to this great national event; [231.] as well as the Important 
and happy Effects, whether General or Domestic which have 
already, and will forever continue to flow from that auspicious 
Epoch. 

Then the meeting was 
Dissolved 



A t A Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in Public 
Town Meeting. Assembled at Faneuil Hall On Wednesday the 
13 th day Anno Domini 1791. 10. O' Clock A : M : 

Warrant for calling the meeting ... read 

The Honorable Thomas Dawes Esq r . Was Chosen Moderator 
by A Hand Vote 

Voted, That the Poll for Choice of A County Register be 
Closed at half past Twelve O 'Clock. - 



Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby, are ap- 
pointed A Committee to Count the Votes that shall be brought in 
for the Choice of A County register 

Votes, for A County Register Of Deeds for the County of Suf- 
folk brought in & Counted by the Selectmen A Committee Chosen 
for that Purpose When it appeared that the whole Number was 
Eight hundred and Seventy Three, and that they were for the 
following Persons. ....... _._.. Viz*. 

Votes 

Joshua Henshaw Esq r . ........ 121 

Samuel Barrett Esq r . ---------141 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . -_____-. 57 

M r . Henry Allyne .......... 554 

Attest William Cooper Town Clerk, Mem , delivered an 



264 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Attested Copy of the above to Ezek 1 . Price Esq r . Clerk of the 
Sessions 

A Vote Inclos'd in A Paper was Sent in by Coll- Tudor And the 
Question being put, Whether any Vote shall be brought in by 
Proxy, it Passed in the Negative 

Boston, 
Number of Votes for A Register of Deeds 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 

[33.] At A Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly Qualified and Legally Warned 
in Public Town meeting, Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednes- 
day the 10 th day of Aug*. 1791. 11 O 'Clock arm 

Warrant for Calling A Meeting ... - read 

The Hon^M Thomas Dawes Esq r . on Motion was Chosen Mod- 
erator by A hand Vote 

Voted, That the Poll for Choice of A County Register, be 
Closed at one O'Clock. P : M 

Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed A 
Committee to count the votes that shah 1 be brought in for A 
County Register 

Votes, for A Register of Deeds for the County of Suffolk, 
brought in & Counted by the Selectmen (A Committee Chosen 
for that Purpose) When it Appeared that the whole Number was 
one thousand & one, and that they were for the following Per- 
sons Viz*. 

Votes 
Joshua Henshaw Esq r . -------- 63 

Samuel Barrett Esq r . 57 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . -------- 56 

M r . Henry Alline 825 



1001 

Att. William Cooper Town Clerk Mem , delivered 

an Attested Copy of the above, to Ezek 1 . Price Esq r . Clerk of the 
Sessions, to be by him delivered to the Court of Sessions. Directed 
Boston Numb r . [of votes] for A County Register. 

Then the Meeting, was Dissolved. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1791. 265 

[234.] At A Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, dully qualified and legally warned 
in Public Town meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Wednes- 
day the 26 th . day of October A.D. 1791. 10. O'Clock A : M : - 

Warrant for calling the meeting read 

The HonVii Thomas Dawes Esq r . chosen Moderator by A hand 
Vote.- 

The Article of the Warrant relative to the County of Suffolk, 
read, Also the Petition of Moses Fuller & others, to the General 
Court, a Copy of which has been transmitted to the Town Clerk, 
by their order, and laid before the Town, read, Whereupon 
Voted, That the Hon ble . James Sullivan Esq r . 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
Hon ble . Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Caleb Davis Esq r . 

be A Committee to take this matter into Consideration and report 
such measures as they may Judge to be expedient on the occasion 
Sent 

The two articles in the Warrant - Viz*, to con- 

sider the Expediency of Erecting Stalls in the Market square, for 
the better accommodation of the market, agreeable to A Plan 
then to be laid before the Town and Whether any farther regula- 
tions are Necessary to be made respecting the market Read. 
Whereupon. Voted. That 

[235.] Voted That Charles Jams Esq r . 

Hon ble . Stephin Higginson Esq r . 
M r . Charles Bulfinch 
M r . Charles Sigorney 
M r . William Cooper 
M r . Oliver Smith 

Thomas Crafts Esq r . 

be A Committee to take these Articles into consideration and to 
report what is best to be done thereon Sent 

The Report of the Committee on M r . Hills Petition read and 
considered, Whereupon moved and 

Voted, That M r . Hill have leave to Withdraw his Petition 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. Whether any or what 
measures shall be taken for lighting the Lamps the ensuing 
Winter read Whereupon Voted That this matter be left to 
the consideration of the Committee, relative to the Market 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. That the Sense of the Town 



266 CITY DOCUMENT. 

may be taken, relative to Admitting A Theatre in the Town and 
instruct their representatives, to endeavor A repeal of an Act 
passed July 1750. Entitled an act to Prevent Stage Play, and 
other Theatrical Entertainments read, and after debate, Ad- 
journed to 4 O'Clock P : M : 

[236.] 3 O'Clock. P : M : Met according to Adjournment 
The Article relative to A Theatre again taken up. 

On motion, the question was put Viz*. That the Petitioners 
have leave to withdraw their Petition Passed in the Negative 
it was then moved and Voted. That 

Perez Morton Esq r . 

James Hughes Esq r . 

M r . Charles Bulfinch 

Cap*. James Prince 

Samuel Cabot Esq r . 

Thomas Crafts Esq r . 

Joseph Russell Esq r . 

Be A Committee to draw up Instructions to the Gentlemen who 
represent this Town in the Gen 1 . Court, for carrying said Article 
into execution and to report the same at the Adjournment Sent 

Adjourned to Wednesday the 9 th . day of November Next, 10 
O'Clock. A:M: 

Wednesday, the 9 th . day of November 10. O'Clock. A : M : met 
according to Adjournment 

The Committee relative to dividing the County of Suffolk, on 
the Petition of Moses Fuller and others to the General Court 
have leave to report at the adjournment of this meeting 

[237.] The Committee appointed to Consider the expedi- 
ency of Erecting Stalls in market Square, for the better accom- 
modation of the market agreeable to A Plan Presented " And 
whether any further regulations of the Market are Necessary 
beg leave to report. That with respect to the first Article. It is 
their unanimous opinion. That the same be carried into operation, 
and that the selectmen be desired to take measures to complete 
the same 

That with respect to the other Article they are fully of 
Opinion that the Representatives of the Town in General Court 
be instructed to use their influence to have A Law Passed at 
their Next sessions, more Effectualy to Provide against the 
growing evil of forestalling and that in the mean time the Officers 
of Police in this Town be directed to Prosecute those who shall 
be guilty of Violating the Laws against Monopoly and forestalling 
as they Now stand, as also to inspect all weights and measures 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1791. 267 

made use of in the market and Proceed therein as the Law points 
out & directs That the inhabitants may no longer suffer by the 
notorious Practice of many Sellers in making use of illegal 
weights and measures in their sales ; And that they make the 
Selectmen acquainted with the Names of such forestallers. as are 
suffered to improve stalls, for dealing out their monopolized 
Articles, to the Inhabitants at Extravagant rates, with the 
[238.] further mortification that these gains rest not with the 
honest farmer but in the hands of those who are only living on 
the Labours of the industrious Sent 

Charles Jarvis 

The aforegoing Report having been Considered by Paragraphs. 
The Question was put Whether said Report shall be Accepted 
Passed in the Affirmative Sent to all 

The Committee to Whom were refer'd the clause in the Warrant 
as to whether the Town will take any & what measures for light- 
ing the Lamps the Ensuing Winter 

Report. That the Number of Town Lamps is not Sufficient 
for Lighting the Town in A Proper manner, and the circum- 
stances of the Town at Present will not allow of any Expence in 
Adding to their Number But that the Committee recommend 
that when A number of Individuals will Engage to put up suf- 
ficient additional Lamps at their own charge and Subscribe to 
their Support and when Sufficient monies shall be raised by sub- 
scriptions to Support the Town Lamps That the Selectmen be 
directed then to Contract with Some Persons to light & keep in 
order the Lamps throughout the Town 

Charles Jarvis 

[239.] The Aforegoing Report having been read and Con- 
sidered, the question was put Viz*, whether the Report be Ac- 
cepted Passed in the Affirmative. Sent 

The Committee appointed to draw up instructions to the Gen- 
tlemen who represent this Town In General Court, relative to 
Admitting A Theatre in this Town Report the following 
draught 

To the Representatives of the Town of Boston 

Gentlemen, At A very full meeting of the Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston the sense of your Constituents has been 
taken upon A Law of the Legislature Passed in the year 1750 
Entitled an Act to Prevent Stage Plays, and other Theatrical 
Entertainments" And After a lengthy and Deliberate Debate, 
They have Determined by A Very Large Majority, that the Ex- 
istence of that Law in its Present unlimited form operates as an 



268 CITY DOCUMENT. 

undue restraint upon the liberty of the Citizen And as an infringe- 
ment of bis unalienable right. 

They Consider the right to relax from the toils of Industry & 
the fatigues of Business by A resort to any rational & innocent 
amusement, as Constituting no inconsiderable part of the hap- 
piness of Civil Society and one of the essential [24O.] blessings 
confirmed to them by A free constitution of Government 

A THEATRE where the Actions of great & Virtuous Men are 
represented Under every possible embellishment, which genius 
and eloquence can give will not only afford A rational and in- 
nocent amusement, but essentially Advance the interest of Public 
and Private virtue, will have A Tendency to Polish the Manners 
and habits f Society, to disseminate the Social affections, and to 
improve and refine the literary taste of our rising Republic 
Your Constituents therefore, as well to Promote the Public benefits 
as to remove Every obstacle to the enjoyment of their Political 
rights, instruct and enjoyn you at the Next Session of the Legis- 
lature to move for and to use your utmost endeavor, until you 
effect A repeal of the Law alluded to. so far at least as respects 
the Town of Boston 

By Attending to the objects your Constituents have in View, 
you will readily Perceive That they are as opposed to the 
licentious abuse of this Valuable Privilege, as to the Arbitrary and 
Unnecessary restraint with which it has been so long shackled 

They Therefore further direct you to endeavor that the Law 
of repeal may be so constructed, that no dramatic Composi- 
tions shall be the subject of Theatrical exhibition until they 
have [241.] Obtained A Sanction from some Authority to be 
Appointed for that Purpose in order that none of an immoral 
impression may ever disgrace the American stage, and such only 
be presented to the view of the people as shah 1 be calculated to 
improve their taste, to mend their hearts, and to Subserve the 
great and beneficial purposes of Public and Private Virtue By 
order of the Committee 

Perez Morton Chairman 

The foregoing having been read and Considered. The Question 
was put Viz 1 . Whether the Same shall be accepted, Passed in the 
affirmative Sent 

Adjourned to the Second Wednesday in December, 10 O'Clock 
A:M: being the 14 th 

Wednesday Dec r . 14 th . 10. O'Clock P : M : Met according to 
Adjournment. 

The Committee to whom was referred the Petition of Moses 
Fuller and others to the General Court of this Commonwealth 
relative to A Division of the County of Suffolk. 

Reported the following draft of A Remonstrance to be Pre- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1791. 269 

eented to the General Court which being read and Considered. 
The question was Put Viz*. Whether the said Report shall be 
accepted. Passed in the affirmative Unanimously Sent 



On Motion Voted. That the 

Hon2 James Sullivan Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Hon5l5 Caleb Davis Esq r . 

Thomas Edwards Esq r . 

be and hereby are appointed Agents in behalf of the Town, and 
they are hereby Authorized and directed To Sign said remon- 
strance & Pet n . and to Present and Support the same at the Gen- 
eral Court, also Sent 

Voted, that the Representatives of the Town in General Court, 
be and hereby are instructed, to use their utmost endeavors that 
the Petition of Moses Fuller and others to the General Court for 
A Division of the County of Suffolk, should not Obtain And That 
they be Served with A Copy of this Vote, and Of said Petition 
and the Aforesaid remonstrance of the Town. Sent 

The Remonstrance is as follows Viz*. 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The Petition and Remonstrance of the Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston 

Most humbly Represents 

That the said Inhabitants being favoured by your Hon rB with a 
Copy of A Petition of several Persons in behalf of the Towns 
where unto they respectively belong for forming [243.] A New 
County by the Name of Union out of the County of Suffolk. 
And having duly Considered the Same. They cannot consist- 
ently with the regard which they have for the People of said 
County as well as to the state at large, if they should refrain 
from remonstrating Against the Measure. They find that the first 
Claim for A Division of the County as Expressed in the Petition, 
Arises from delays in Tryals in the Courts and The great ex- 
pences Consequent upon them, but it may be relied on, That 
those Actions which are merely Maritime, or Arises from the 
Principals of Commerce Incident to the Town of Boston are very 
few in comparison of those which Originate in Wrongs and Con- 
tracts Equaly Appertaining to the Nature of Business both in 
Town and Country. The Number of Tryals where both Parties 
are Inhabitants of Boston, bear but A Small Proportion to those 
where one or both Parties are Inhabitants of Other Towns in the 
County If the County should be Divided there will still be 
Suits Commenced by the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, 



270 CITY DOCUMENT. 

against the Inhabitants of the New County, and by the Latter 
against the former from Whence would result the same inconven- 
iency as is now complained of that men in Town and County 
would have their Cases Tried by Jurors not Acquainted With the 
business they are called to decide upon, But very small Attention 
to the subject will shew that there is no weight in the Argument 
tkus used in the Petition. Because [244.] theLawof the Land [is] 
alike to the Persons & Property of all the People in the Common- 
wealth, so far as the Same respects Legal Tryals. The Jurors 
now Called to decide upon matters of right in this County Are A 
Mixture of Town & Country men, but if the Town Should become 
A Separate County, and A difference In the feelings of Town 
and Countrymen does actually Exist, it will be hard upon our 
brethren in the Country to have no Jurors from the Country when 
they shall be called to Answer upon Suits in the Town, Besides 
This, when A County is very small, And an Action which Attracts 
the Public Attention has to Pass thro' the Variety of Tryals to 
which it is liable Until Ended in A review, it is very difficult to 
procure An Unprejudiced and impartial Jury. The Town of Bos- 
ton has ever had A high Sense of the Good understanding & 
ability of their brethren in the Country and would by all means, 
Unless where the Public interest absolutely requires it, Be willing 
to relinquish The Advantages derived from their Assistance in 
Matters of Legal Controversy, The Town of Boston have At- 
tended to the Matters of complaint of their Brethren in the 
Towns said to be Petitioning, respecting the weight of Taxes 
Arising from County Charges, and they can by no means conceive 
that [245.] granting to the Towns mentioned in the Petition 
Exclusive County Priviliges would ease their burthens. The 
County Expences are always order'd and liquidated by the Court 
of Sessions, wherein their is A large Majority of Members from 
the Country Towns, the Expence of the Jail is no doubt very 
great upon the Towns mentioned in the Petition, as well as upon 
the Town of Boston, but the Towns in the Country part of the 
County ought to consider That in all great Towns and Cities, 
there are vagrant Strolling Persons, who are very frequently the 
Objects of such Criminal Prosecutions as will create an Expence. 
But The Towns Near the Metropolis have great Advantages from 
their vicinity with it. And they ought to bear A reasonable Part 
of the burthens Naturally arising from their Priviliges and Ad- 
vantages The length of the sessions of the Supreme Judicial 
Court, is no doubt the Source of much Expence. But A Method 
much more eligible, than that of A Division of the County may 
be Adopted, This together with the Expences of the Jail arises 
from the Number of Criminals which are held for and brought to 
Tryal at the Supreme Judicial Court Considering the Advan- 
tages derived by the Inhabitants of the Towns Mentioned in the 
Petition from their Contiguity with the Town of Boston they 
ought to Unite with it inr Procuring Such Measures as will tend 
Mutually to the relief of Town and Country in the Expences 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1791. 271 

Complained of [246.] As your Honors have under consider- 
ation A revision of the Judicial department in the Goverment, 
the Legislative will be naturally led to form such an Establish- 
ment as shall give the Town of Boston A Tribunal to try and 
Sentence, or Acquit such Persons as Shall be committed under 
charges of A Criminal nature not Capital and committed within 
the Town of Boston, in as Short A time after their Committment 
As shall be consistent with Justice. This will lessen the Expences 
of the County, have A tendency to prevent the Commission of 
Crimes, which are perpetrated under A hope of escaping from 
Punishment by delay of Trials, and take away all the colourable 
reasons Suggested in the Petition ; what the many other reasons 
are which The Petitioners Suggest as existing, but do not mention 
The Town of Boston are unable to conceive of ; had they been 
mentioned in the Petition it would have led to A discussion of 
their merits, but there are, as this Town believes many and very 
weighty reasons against the Measure. Amongst which are the fol- 
lowing : That the Interest and happiness of the People depend much 
upon having the offices of their Municipality filled with men who 
are capable of executing the functions of them, and answering the 
just expectation of their constituents, but this can never be As- 
sured where [247.] The Community is small without laying grevi- 
ous burthens upon the People. In the instance under consideration 
A fair calculation will shew that the County Officers have but A 
Small support as the County now stands. And A division 
will still lessen The reward for A Devotion to Public business 
The real expence of the People in going to the Proposed shire 
town will be to increase their Travel and by no means lessen their 
other expences, The great objects of Civil Goverment are the 
defence of the Society against Violence from External Enemies. 
& the Support of Distributive Justice among the Individuals of 
which it is composed ; in the Latter a tryal by Jury is considered 
as being A very important and Valuable Municipal Institution, 
But where A County is small too great a Proportion of the People 
of it will be too much interested or Prejudiced in Causes demand- 
ing the Public attention to Preserve this institution in Purity, 
and tryals under such impressions will have A tendency to destroy 
the respectability of an Institution, upon which the Liberties of 
the People depend. 

There are many other Counties in the Commonwealth which 
have as fair A Claim for A division as the County of Suffolk 
has. And Some of them greater and more weighty reasons to 
offer than can be given [248.] In this case, for though the shire 
Town in this County is not Central as to its local situation yet it 
is so as to the business done in the County But there is one 
Consideration which the inhabitants of Boston conceive will have 
such weight that no smaller consideration of Convenience to A 
Part of the State will Preponderate against A Multiplication of 
Counties [which] will necessarily call for A Division of the Com- 
monwealth into Several States ; A Measure So replete with Mis- 



272 CITY DOCUMENT. 

chiefs and Misfortune, that every well wisher to his Country will 
oppose, As the States are divided they will grow weak, inefficient, 
and unimportant in the Union & Naturally Yield their Powers of 
Exertion to be Carried to the Seat of Federal Goveraient and 
leave the States dependent upon the Powers of the Union for 
even the exercise of Corporate Municipal Authority. 

Impressed with these Sentiments the Town of Boston have 
taken Liberty to appoint Agents to oppose the Division of the 
County of Suffolk before the General Court, and before all such 
branches and Comittees of it as shall have the subject of it under 
consideration and humbly hope That A Petition Soliciting A 
Measure which will have A Dangerous tendency against the im- 
portance, Security, & happiness of the people of the Whole Com- 
monwealth may not obtain the Object for which [249.] it has 
been presented. 

Voted, that all matters unfinished at this meeting be referred 
over to the Next General Town Meeting that shall be called. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to the Hon^l Thomas Dawes Esq r . for his Good Service as 
Moderator 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



At a meeting of The Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and Legally warned in Public 
Town meeting, Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the 30 th day 
of December Anno Domini 1791 10. O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Hon5l Thomas Dawes Esq r . chosen Moderator by A hand 
Vote. 

The Article in the Warrant Vizt. To take into Consideration 
the representation of a considerable Number of the Inhabitants 
of the Town, setting forth [25O.] the want of A More efficient 
Police &c and requesting that A Town Meeting may be called to 
take into consideration the Present State of the Town. And 
Adopt such measures as may conduce to lessen if not remove 
&c. was read On Motion Voted, That 



^5 James Sullivan Esq r . 
Charles Jarvis Esq r . 
Thomas Dawes Ju r . Esq r . 
Hon^l? Judge Payne 

William Tudor Esq r . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 273 



5i Caleb Davis Esq r . 

^ Benj n Austin Ju r . Esq r . 

Jonathan Mason Ju r . Esq r . 
^l? Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

William Eustis Esq r . 

Christopher Gore Esq r . 

William Little Esq r . 

John Q. Adams Esq r . 

M r . Edw d . Edes 

John Lucas Esq r . 

M r . Thomas Tileston 

Cap*. James Prince 

Thomas Edwards Esq r . 

Paul Revere Esq r . 

Cap*. Edward Tyler 

M r . Charles Bulfinch 

Be A Comm tee . to take the Article in the Warrant into Considera- 
tion, & report what they shall Judge best to be done thereon. 

Adjourned to Friday the 13 th day of January Next 1792. 10'. 
O'Clock. A : M : - 

[251.] Friday the 13 th . January 10 'Clock A : M : Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment. 

The Committee to whom was referred the consideration of the 
Article relative to Altering the Police of the Town Reported 
Whereupon Voted, That said report be printed in A Pamphlet. 
and distributed to and amongst the Inhabitants of the Town 

Adjourned to Next Wednesday at 10 'Clock A : M : 

Wednesday Jan ry . 18 th 10' O'Clock A:M: Met according 
to Adjournment 

The Report relative to an Alteration of the Town Police again 
taken up, After large debates 

Adjourned to, to Morrow Morning 10 O'Clock A : M : 

Thursday. Jan 1 "*. 19 th 10 O'Clock A : M : Met according to 
Adjournment. 

Report, relative to Police again taken up. and on Motion 
Voted, to consider the same by Paragraphs. And that before A 
Vote shall be taken on The whole report, The Town will Ad- 
journ to a Future day And that notice thereof shall be given to 
the inhabitants 

Adjourned to half past 3-O'Clock P : M : Met according to 
Adjournment 



274 CITY DOCUMENT. 



The Consideration of the report of the Committee on 
Town Police again taken up [by] paragraphs And the Paragraphs 
as amended were accepted by the Town and the following is the 
report as amended and Accepted by Paragraphs Viz*. 

The Committee appointed by the Town at the late meeting to 
take into consideration the representation of A considerable num- 
ber of its inhabitants, setting forth, the want of A more efficient 
Police and Praying for the Adoption of such measures as might 
conduce to lessen if not remove those embarrassments by A More 
energetic Government. Ask leave to report the following in the 
form of Votes. And submit the same to the consideration Of 
the Town Voted that the Selectmen Divide the Town into Nine 
Wards of Equal Numbers of Inhabitants as near as may be, and 
be impowered once in every Three Years if it should be necessary 
to alter the Division so as to Preserve the Equality formed, and 
that each Ward in the Month of March, Annualy Elect by ballot 
Two men residing within The ward by which they shall be sever- 
ally Chosen, and together with the Selectmen for the time being 
shall constitute A Town Council, and Possess the following 
Powers. 1?* To Possess the Powers of making all such By Laws 
as the Town have now in their corporate capacity A right to 
make and establish the same without any Application to the 
Court of sessions and to alter and repeal them [253.] When 
Necessary. Provided that no by Law shall be enacted Until it 
shall have had three several readings on three Several days, and 
that such By Law in the mean time shall be Published for the 
inspection of the inhabitants and that no such Law shall be per- 
petual until it shall be reenacted by A Subsequent Town Council 
by the same formalities which is herein provided for the first 
time of enacting it, Provided that no Penalty shall be exacted 
for a breach of such By Laws of more than the Value of Ten 
Pounds, or in case the delinquent be unable to pay such Penalty 
as shall be Adjudged he be sent to the Workhouse and be kept to 
hard Labour not Exceeding Thirty days and that in cases where 
the Penalty shall exceed the sum of Four Pounds the Party Ac- 
cused shall have the right to be tryed by A Jury 2^2. To 
Regulate all kinds of Carriages within the Town. Also to regu- 
late Coaches- Chariots, Post Chases, Phaetons, Chaises, Chairs 
and Sulkeys within The Town, and shall be impowered to raise 
duties from time to time upon such as shall be owned by the 
inhabitants thereof. Whenever the General Court their Excise 
Laws now Excise Laws now Existing upon them 
gdiy That the Town Council have Power to Appoint annually, 
all the Executive officers, now appointed by the Town or Select- 
men Excepting Selectmen, Town Clerk, Overseers of the Poor, 
Assessors, Town Treasurer [254.] School Committee, Auditors 
of accounts, Firewards, Collectors of Taxes, and Constables, and 
the Said town Council shall be impowered to remove Constables 
and Collectors and all officers by the said council appointed upon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 275 

their being Guilty of Corruption in their offices or of Male 
conduct therein and to appoint others in their place during the 
Vacancy 42^ To direct all Prosecutions that shall be com- 
menced Upon breach of the By Laws of the Town, and for that 
Purpose to appoint an Attorney to Commence and carry on to 
final Judgement, all such prosecutions. 

And further Voted That application be also made to the General 
Court for the Establishment of A Tribunal to Consist of one 
Judge to have exclusive original Jurisdiction of all Breaches of 
the By Laws of the Town, and of the breaches of Inspection 
Laws within the Town and of all other Laws appertaining Merely 
to the Goverment of The Town from whose Judgement there may 
be an appeal to the Supreme Judicial Court. Attest 

On Motion Voted , Ten of the Clock in the forenoon On Thurs- 
day, Next be Assigned for the inhabitants of the Town to take 
into consideration and to determine upon the Report of their 
Committee on the Police of the Town as amended by the inhabi- 
tants in the Meeting and that in the mean time the same shall be 
printed in the News papers and in hand bills and one hand bill 
left with each family in the Town 

[355.] A Letter from James Bowdoin Esq r . Proposing A 
Plan for easing the Poor of the Town in the Article of Firewood 
& offering in case of concurrence, One hundred pounds as A Do- 
nation towards carrying the Plan into Execution, was read. 
whereupon 

Voted The Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to the 
said James Bowdoin Esq r . for his Generous donation, for the 
relief of the Poor in the Article of Wood also that 

The Selectmen be A Committee to take M r . Bowdoins Letter 
and the Plan relative to relieve the Poor in the Article of Wood 
into Consideration and to Report thereon. 

Adjourned to Thursday Next to Ten O 'Clock A : M : - - 

Thursday the 26 th January 10-O'Clock A : M : Met according 
to Adjournment 

Committee on M r . Bowdoins Letter and Plan, have further 
time allowed for to make Report Thereon. 

The Report of the Committee for Altering the Town Police as 
last amended by the Town Again taken up, and after debate the 
question was put. Viz*. Whether this Report as now Amended 
be Accepted by the Town and the Moderator being [256.] 
unable to decide as to the Number of hands, on each side the 
question. A Poll of the House was called for when it appeared 
the number of Persons for receiving the report was jive hundred 



276 CITY DOCUMENT. 

and Seventeen and the Number for rejecting s d . report Seven hun- 
dred and one. 

Voted, That all matters unfinished at this meeting be referred 
to the next General Town Meeting to be called 

Then the meeting 
was dissolved. 



[257.] At A Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified & Legally warned in 
Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
12 th . day of March Anno Domini 1792. 10-O'Clock_ A : M : 

Prayer made by the Rev d . M r . Eckley. 
Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws to be read at this meeting were accordingly 
read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes For A Moderator for this meeting, and the Same having 
been brought in and Sorted, it appeared That 

HonMs Thomas Dawes Esq r 
"Was chosen Moderator by a hand vote. 

The Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw, and .bring in 
their votes for A Town Clerk. The same having been brought & 
sorted it Appeared That William Cooper was Chosen Town 
Clerk for the Year Ensuing, and the Oath of Office was Adminis- 
tered to him by Thomas Craft Esq r . 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and [258.] bring 
in their Votes for Nine Selectmen and upon sorting them it ap- 
peared That the following Gentlemen were chosen Viz*. 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

Thomas Walley Esq r . 

Dea William Boardman 

M r . Ebenezer Sever 

Thomas Crafts Esq r . 

Thomas Edwards Esq r . 

M r . William Little 

Samuel Cabot Esq r . 

M r . Charles Bulfinch 
Were chosen Selectmen for the Ensuing Year sent 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for 12 Overseers of the Poor, and the Same being brought 
in and Sorted it Appeared. That 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 277 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . 
John White Esq r . 
Edward Procter Esq r . 
John Sweetsir Esq r . 
Jonathan L. Austin Esq r . 
Samuel Parkman Esq r . 
M r . Edward Edes 
Henry Hill Esq r . 
John Codman Jun r Esq r . 
M r . William Smith 
William Phillips Jun r Esq r . 

Stephen Goreham Esq r . were Chosen Overseers of the poor for 
the Year Ensuing. Unanimously Sent. 

[259.] The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for sixteen firewards and the same being brought 
in and sorted it appeared That the 

Hon b J Caleb Davis Esq r . 

M r . Thomas Tilestone 

John Winthrop Esq r . 

Thomas Melville Esq r . 

Jabez Hatch Esq r . 

Samuel Breck Esq r . 

M r . Joseph Clarke 

HonW? Thomas Russell Esq r . 

Joseph Russell Esq r . 

M r . Edward Edes 

Samuel Parkman Esq r . 

Jonathan Mason Ju r . Esq r . 

Amasa Davis Esq r . 

M r . Russell Sturgis 

Henry Jackson Esq r . were chosen 
Fire wards for the Year Ensuing - - Sent 

M r . Joseph Russell was Chosen Town Treasurer for the Year 
Ensuing, and the Oath of Office Administered to him by the Town 
Clerk Sent 

The Choice of Constables Refered to The Adjournment 

Thomas Winthrop Esq r . 
Leonard W. Boreland 
Mess rs . Tho 8 . H. Perkins 
John Parker 
Samuel Cobb 
[26O.] Samuel Blagg 

William Deblois 
Daniel Sargeant Jun r . 
Francis Amory 



278 CITY DOCUMENT. 



Baldwin 
Nathaniel Frazier Ju r . 
Jonathan Amory Ju r . were Chosen 
Clerks of the Market for the Year Ensuing 

Voted, That the 

Hon*il5 Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Herman Brimmer Esq r . 
Joseph Russell Ju r . Esq r . 

be and hereby are appointed A Committee to Audit The accounts 
of the Town Treasurer and Also the accounts of the Selectmen 
and overseers of the Poor, and the said Committee are also 
directed to report the Sum Necessary to be raised for the Service 
of the Present Year Sent 

Voted, That the Consideration of all Money matters be referred 
over to the Next May Meeting 

Voted, That the Assessors be and are hereby directed and Im- 
powered to set for such abatements of Taxes, as they shall Judge 
reasonable two days in Each Week after the delivery of the Tax 
books to the Collectors for the space of Six weeks and [261.] 
no longer. Saving that they be allowed to Set the Last week in 
February, Lords days Excepted, for the abatement of Taxes of 
such Persons as had not the opportunity of Applying in the 
above Limited time by reason of their being out of the Common- 
wealth. or any other Unavoidable hindrance, and that the Asses- 
sors determine upon the said Two days, which is to be noted on 
the Tax bills to be delivered to the inhabitants, Sent 

VOTES, for A Treasurer of the County of Suffolk, brought in 
and Counted by the Moderator and Town Clerk, when it appeared 
That the whole number was two hundred and Eighty Nine, and 
that they were All for Thomas Crafts Esq r . A discreet Suitable 
Person, being A Freeholder, and A resident in the Same County 

Mem . The attested Copy thereof was given to Ezekiel 
Price Esq r . Clerk of the Sessions. 

Votes brought in for five Assessors it Appeared, That 
Giles Harris Esq r . 
M r . William Lowder 
Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 
M r . John R. Siggorney 
M r . Edward Davis were 
Chosen Assessors for the Year Ensuing Sent 

The Statement of the Assessors relative to the Taxes paid by 
the Collectors read to the Town & placed on the Files. 

[262.] Voted. That five per Cent be and hereby is Allowed 



BOSTON TOWN RECOEDS, 1792. 279 

to the Collectors of Taxes for the Year Ensuing, for all Such 
Sums of Money and Public Securities as they shall Collect and 
Pay into the several Treasurers of the Sums Committed to them to 
Collect Also that such Collectors shall give bond w th . Suffi- 
cient Securities to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faith- 
full discharge of their duty in said Office and Complying with 
this Vote, And That they will not receive any Premium or Gra- 
tuity for discounting any order, Notes or receipts from the 
Treasurer of this State, or the Treasurer of this Town. 

Mess 18 . Benjamin Henderson 
James Thompson 
Thomas Bayley 

Caleb Blanchard were Chosen Collectors 
of Taxes for the year Ensuing 

Voted. That the Town Treasurer Give Bond with Securities to 
the Satisfaction of the Selectmen in the Penalty of Ten thousand 
Pounds for his faithfull discharge of the Duties of his office 

Mess rs . Benf. White 
William Crafts 
Moses May 
Andrew Townsend 
William Todd, 
Were Chosen Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 

[263.] Mess. William Billings 
Nathan Green 
David Hollis 
Thomas Bradley Were 
Chosen Sealers of Leather for the Year Ensuing Sent 

The Selectmen Chosen Surveyors of Highwayes for the Year 
Ensuing 

Mess William M c Neil 

Jeffery Richardson were 
Chosen Surveyors of Hemp for the ensuing Year Sent 

M r . Adam Colson was Chosen Informer of Deer for the Ensu- 
ing year 

Mess- Edward Jones 
Francis Booth 

Samuel Curtis were chosen Haywards for 
the Ensuing Year 

Mess^? Joseph Egner 

Peter Smink were chosen Hogreeves for 
the Year Ensuing 

John Lucas Esq r . 

Edward Tuckerman Esq r . were chosen 
Surveyors of Wheat for the Year Ensuing 



280 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Mess 1 ' 8 . John Skinner 

Samuel Green were Chosen Assay masters 
for the year ensuing 

[264.] Mess rs . John Ballard 

Thomas Uran 

Will m . Cunningham 

Edward Wild were Chosen Sealers of 
Wood for the Ensuing Year 

Mess rs . Lemuel Gardner 
John Bray 
Joseph Loring 
Henry Parkett 
James Barry 
Edward Burt 
Edmund Dolbeare 
Joseph Bassett 
Tho 8 . Barber 
Thomas Foster 
Hezekiah Hudson 
Jonathan Gushing 

William Parkman were chose Cullers of 
Staves & hoops for the year ensuing 

Mess rs . John Champney 
Samuel Dyer 
Edmund Ranger 
Benj a . White 
John Cogswell 
Benj a . Page 
Jonathan Bentley 
Daniel Ingersol 
James Blake 
James Rogers 
Abraham Haywood 

James Robbins. were chosen Surveyors of 
Boards & Shingles the Year Ensuing 

[265.] Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P. M- 
3. O'Clock P. M. the Town Met 

Moved, [&] Voted That the Choice of Constables be referred 
to the Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . To choose A School Com- 
mittee read & on Motion 

Voted That in Addition to the Selectmen Twelve Persons 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 281 

Shall Now bo Chosen and the following Gentlemen were accord- 
ingly chosen by ballot Viz*. 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Sen r . Esq r . 
Rev d . Samuel West 
Rev d . John Lothrop D. D. 
Rev d . James Freeman 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . 
D r . Thomas Welch 
D r . Nathaniel Appleton 
Jon a . Mason Jun r . Esq r . 
Aaron Dexter Esq r . 
Christopher Gore Esq r . 
George R. Minot Esq r . 
William Tudor Esq r . 

The Petition of John Sweetser Esq r . & a Number of the Inhab- 
itants for Altering the Present System of School Education, was 
read ; Together with the Vote respecting School Committee 
passed the Last year ; whereupon Moved & Voted. That the 
Petition Sign'd by John Sweetser Esq r . & others be referred to 
the School Committee for their Consideration to report at the 
Adjournment Such Alterations in the present [266.] System of 
Public Education as they shall Judge may be Expedient 

M r . Carters Petition for an Augmentation of his Salary or Lib- 
erty to keep A Private [School] being again read, was also re- 
ferred to the said School Committee for their Consideration who 
after having Consulted with the School masters are to report at 
the Adjournment 

M r . Caleb Blanchard was Chosen Assessor in the room of M r . 
Davis who has resigned 

The Choice of A Collector in the room of M r . Blanchard referred 
to the Adjournment 

The Petition of [John] Holbrook to make up A Loss he sus- 
tained by supplying Paving Stones and Gravel for Battery march, 
read 

Whereupon Voted That the 

Hon^? Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
M r . Ebenezer Dorr 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . be A Committee to 
Consider the Same and report at the Adjournment 

The Petition of A Number of the Inhabitants To Consider the 
By Laws of the Town and what measures are proper to be 
Adopted to carry them into Execution read and after some 



282 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[267.] Debate, it was Voted that A Committee of Thirteen be 
Chosen by ballot, to consider of this matter and report thereon at 
the Adjournment or the next May meeting The Town to be 
inform'd when said report will be Laid before them 

On Motion Voted That the foregoing Vote so far as it relates 
to Choosing the Committee by Ballot be reconsidered Whereupon 
the following Gentlemen were Chosen by A hand Vote for the 
Purpose aforesaid Viz*. 

Hon5l Benjamin Austin Esq r . 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
^S George R. Minot Esq r . 

M r . Adam Colson 

"William Cooper 

M r . Ebenezer Dorr 

Thomas Crafts Esq r . 

M r . Jon a . L. Austin 

M r . John Kneeland 

Hon. Samuel Adams Esq r . 

John Sweetser Esq r . 

M r . John Demming 

Jon a . Mason Esq. 

Deacon Richard Gridley 

M r . Henry Bass 

The Memorial of Jonathan Mason Esq r . requesting to Purchase 
of the Town the Alms house with the Land under and Adjoyning 
the Same to know the Terms upon which [268.] they will Sell 
the Same read 
Whereupon Voted. That 

Hon. Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Hon. Caleb Davis Esq r . 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . 
M r . Charles Bulfinch 
& Doct r . Scollay 

Be A Committee to Consider this matter and to report at the Ad- 
journment 

The Application of Docter Whipple, That He may be Per- 
mitted to Inoculate for the Small Pox at Rainsford Island was 
referred to the Selectmen for Consideration who are to Report at 
the Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*, to know what measures shall 
be taken relative to Lighting the Town read, whereupon 
Voted That Thomas Edwards Esq r . 
M r . Charles Bulfinch 
M r . Treasu r . Russell 

Be A Committee to Consider and report this Article at the Ad- 
journment. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 283 

Adjourned to the Last Tuesday in March Istant being the 
27 th . day 10. O'Clock A : M : 

Tuesday the 27 th . march 10. O'Clock A : M : Town Met Ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

Samuel Cabot Esq r . having resigned as A Selectman the Votes 
were brought in as directed for one Selectman in the room of 
Maj r . Cabot, upon Sorting [269.] them it appeared that 

William Scollay Esq r . 
was Chosen A Selectman for the Year Ensuing. 

The Votes being brought in for A Gentleman to serve on the 
School Committee in the room of the Rev d . M r . Freeman who 
Declined Serving, It appeared that, 

The Reverend John Clark 

was Chosen one of the School Committee for the Year Ensuing 
Unanimously 

The Votes being brought in for 12 Constafoles it appeared that 
only Eleven were Chosen Viz*. 

Mess^ Shubal Hews 

Benjamin Romans 

John Bosson 

John Cade 

John Bntterfield 

Andrew Townsend 

Samuel White 

David Lewis 

Thomas Uran 

Thomas Stevenson 

Enoch May 

Committee on M r . Holbrooks Petition have Leave for to Report 
again. 

On Motion Voted That the thanks of The Town, be and hereby 
are given unto. Sam 1 . Cabot for his good Services as A Selectman 
While in that Office 

[27O.] On Motion Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be 
and hereby are given Unto M r . Samuel Whitwell Jun r . for his 
good Services as A fire Ward While in that Office. 

The Report of the Committee relative to Carrying the By Laws 
of the Town into Execution, read, and after some Debate 

Voted, That the Consideration of this report be referred to the 
May Meeting and that the Same be Printed in hand bills as soon 
as may be, in Order to their being distributed amongst the In- 
habitants 



284 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Report of the Committee on M r . Masons Memorial 
read and on Motion 

Voted, that the Same be referred to the Adjournment for Con- 
sideration 

The Committee appointed on the Application of Doct r . Whipple 
that the Town would Consent to his obtaining License for his 
Inoculating for the Small Pox at Rainsfords Island. Report that 
the Same may be granted, and that the Town Consent Accord- 
ingly 

The Report aforegoing having been read Voted That the 
same be accepted 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P : M : 
3 O'Clock P : M. Town Met. 



Thomas English 
Simon Eliot Jun r . 
Thomas Brewer 
Samuel Barton 
John Q. Adams 
Were Chose Clerks of the Market the Year Ensuing 

[271.] On Motion Voted That the Choice of one Constable 
wanted, be put off to May Meeting 

The Votes being brought in for one Fire-Ward. It Appeared 
That Cap*. Mungo Mackay was Chosen 

The School Committee of the Town of Boston To Whom was 
referred the Petition of John Sweetser Esq r . and others for an 
Alteration in the Present System of Education in this Town beg 
Leave to report 

That the Committee have heard the Petitioners and Consulted 
w'.th the Schoolmasters on the Subject of the said Petition, and 
are of Opinion That it is not Expedient to make the Alterations 
in the Present System of Education which are now Proposed by 
the Petitioners. And request Leave to set again upon the Subject 
of M r . James Carters Petition 

^ order Ezek 1 . Price 

Chairman. 

The Question being Put - whether the aforegoing Report be 
Accepted. Passed in the Affirmative. Also Voted That the 
foregoing Committee who Conjunctly with the Selectmen are to 
be termed the School Committee, be & hereby are directed to 



' BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 285 

Carry the New /System of Education which has been Adopted 
by the Town into Operation. And said Committee are also 
Authorized and impowered Conjunctly to Manage and regulate 
the affairs and Government of the Schools, and [272.] In future 
to Exercise all the Powers relating to the Schoolmasters, which 
the Selectmen or such Committee are Authorized by the Laws of 
the Commonwealth Or the Votes of this Town to exercise Any 
former Votes of the Town Notwithstanding 

The choice of A Collector of Taxes was on Motion referred to 
May Meeting 

On the representation of Giles Harris Esq r . In behalf of him- 
self and the other Assessors 

Voted That the Hon ble : Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Cap*. James Prince 
Thomas Crafts Esq r . 

Be A Committee to take into Consideration the Extra duties 
which will lay upon the Assessors the Present Year, by Means of 
A New Valuation being ordered by the General Court to be now 
taken. And to report at the Adjournment what they shall Judge 
to be an Adequate allowance therefor 

Committee relating to Lighting the Lamps Reported on mo- 
tion 

Voted That the Selectmen to continue Lighting the Lamps at 
the Expence of the Town, Untill the Adjournm*. to which time 
the consideration of said report is referred 

Adjourned to Tuesday the 10 th of April next 10. O'Clock 
A: M: 

[273.] At a meeting of the Male inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston of Twenty one years of age & upwards qualified as the 
Law directs, as the Constitution Prescribes, and legaly "Warned 
in Public Town meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 
The 2 d . Day of April Anno Domini 1792. 

Prayer was made by the Reverend James Freeman 
Warrant for Calling Meeting read 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or Frame of Goverment. rela- 
tive to the Choice of Governor. Lieu*. Governor & Senators 
read 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Votes would be 
received but such as are unfolded, and that they Propose the Poll 



286 CITY DOCUMENT. 

should be closed at half past 12. O'Clock. The Votes to be re- 
ceived at The Table, and the Bells to begin tolling at 12. 
O'Clock 

Persons Voted for as Governor, 

Votes 

His Excellency John Hancock Esq r . - ... 689 

VJf Francis Dana Esq r ....... 5 

Joseph Barrell Esq r . - .... 5 

Benj a . Austin Jun r . Esq r . .... 7 

!l^ James Sullivan Esq r . ..... 2 

^i Elbridge Gerry Esq r . - .... l 

M r . Adam Colson ...... 5 

Hon ble . Thomas Russell Esq r . ..... 5 

M r . Joseph Gleason - .... l 

^? Samuel Phillips Esq r . ..... 1 



Persons Voted for as Lieu*. Governor with The 
Number of Votes for Each Person Viz*. 

His Honor Samuel Adams Esq r . - - - - 686 

Charles Jarvis Esq r ....... 2 

Hon Thomas Russell Esq r . ..... 17 

M r . William Cleland Esq r . .... 1 

^li William Phillips Esq r . ..... 1 

M r . Adam Colson -- ..... 7 

M r . Joseph Shed ....... 2 

M r . Nathaniel Balch ...... 1 

M r . Russell Sturgis ------- 1 

Hon b Jl Caleb Strong Esq r . ...... 1 

Hon^ Benjamin Austin Esq r . ----- 3 

Persons Voted for as Senators for the County of Suffolk with 
the Number of Votes for Each Person Viz*. 

Votes 

^ William Phillips Esq r . ..... 118 

^l Cotton Tuffts Esq r . ...... 205 

^i Stephen Metcalf Esq r . ..... 715 

Thomas Davis Esq r . ...... 645 

^l? Benjamin Austin Ju r . Esq r . .... 577 

^f William Heath Esq r . ...... 574 

Thomas Russell Esq r . ..... 91 

John Read Esq r . ....... 299 

Oliver Wendell Esq r . ...... 494 

James Bowdoin Esq r . ------ 363 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . - - - - - - 215 

M r . Elkanah Hawkes ...... 7 

Richard Cranch Esq r . ..... - 1 

Thomas Crafts Esq r . ------ 1 

["275. n William Cooper ....... 7 

Edward H. Robbins Esq r . .... 35 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 287 

M r . Joseph Sprague -----. 7 

Solomon Lovell Esq r . --.... 12 

M r . John Kneeland 7 

Hon? Stephen Higginson Esq r . - - 3 

Coll . Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . - - - 1 

Elisha Dunbar Esq r . .... 1 

Thomas Clark Esq r . .... 2 

M r . Hugh Cargill 7 

Ebeneser Thayer Esq r . ... 13 

Jonathan Mason Sen r . Esq r . - 7 

Hon^S. Caleb Davis Esq r . . . 2 

William Tudor Esq r . - - 1 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . - 3 

Jonathan Mason Ju r . Esq r . - - - - 2 

Hon? Ebenezer Wales 1 

Ebenezer Storer Esq r . ... 1 

M r . William Brick 1 

William Eustis Esq r . .... 1 

John French 7 

Elisha Sigorney ------ 1 

Joseph May ..---.. 1 

Cap*. Norton Brailsford ----- 1 

M r . Samuel Wheelwright - - ... 1 

Cap 4 . Michael Homer ------ l 

M r . Benj a Russell 1 

Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as Governor, Lieu*. 
Governor, and Senators for The County of Suffolk were Com- 
mitted to the [276.] Secretary of this Commonwealth and the 
Inclosures. Sealed up in Town Meeting. Superscribed as follows 
Viz*. 

For John Avery Esq r . Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts 

The Number of Votes of the Town of Boston for A Governor 
Lieu*. Governor, and Six Senators for the County of Suffolk Cer- 
tified therein, and Sealed up in Town Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 



At The Adjournment Of March Meeting April 10*-5 1792. The 
Committee Appointed to take into consideration the representa- 
tion of Giles Harris Esq r . in behalf of himself and the other 
Assessors, have Attended that Service, and upon Conferring with 
the Assessors, are informed, That the time for taking the Valu- 
ation, Agreeably to the Act of Government, will be at Least Six 
Months, and making the Taxes and the other business of the 
Office, in Consequence thereof its Probable will require the re- 



288 CITY DOCUMENT. 

mainder of the Year, therefor Ask Leave to report As their 
Opinion, That there be Allowed and Paid to each of the As- 
sessors for the above mentioned Services One hundred & Thirty 
Pounds for the Present Year in Quarterly Payments. The above 
not to be Considered as A Precedent in future 

Thomas Dawes ^ r . order 

[277.] The Report on M r . Masons Petition read and Con- 
sidered whereupon Voted that said report be recommitted and the 
Committee are further Requested to Report a suitable place for 
the Erection of an Almshouse, Workhouse, Hospital and other 
Necessary buildings, at what Price it can be Purchased, and also 
to Ascertain the Expence of Erecting the said Buildings, and 
report at the may Meeting 

The Committee Appointed to know what measures shall be 
taken relative to Lighting The Town the Ensuing Year Report 
that they have Attended that Service And from A Calculation 
they have made from the Actual Expence of Lighting the Lamps 
the Last month find that the Probable Expence of Lighting the 
same the Ensuing year will be 800 and your Committee beg 
Leave to observe that in their opinion the Convenience to the 
Inhabitants in having the Same Lighted will Amply Compensate 
the Expence. They therefore report as their opinion the Selectmen 
be Authorized to Light the Lamps the Ensuing Year at the Ex- 
pence of The Town by Contract with any Individual or Indi- 
viduals or in Such other manner, as they may think proper 

Thomas Edwards $ r order 

The following report having been read and Debated, It was 
Voted That the said report Be Accepted 

[<578.] On Motion. Voted, that all matters and things Un- 
finished at this Meeting be referred Over to May Meeting 

Voted. That the thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to the Hon^S Thomas Dawes Esq r . for his good Services as Mod- 
erator 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and Legaly warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 8 th . day of 
May Anno Domini 1792 10. O'Clock A : M : 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Baldwin 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 289 

That part of the Constitution or frame of Goverment which 
relates to the Choice of representatives read 
Sundry Laws to be read at said Meeting were accordingly 
Read 

The Town having Determined by A Vote to Choose Seven 
Persons to represent them in the General Court of Massachusetts 
to be held in the State House in Boston on the [279.] Last 
Wednesday of May Current, Agreeably to the Constitution or 
frame of Goverment for the Massachusets. The Inhabitants 
were directed by the Selectmen to withdraw, and bring in their 
Votes for Seven representatives and then it was declared by the 
Selectmen that no Votes would be received but such as are un- 
folded and that they intend the Poll shall be Closed at half past 
12. O'Clock Bell to toll a little before that time 

The Votes being brought in for Seven Representatives. The 
Number of the Same were found to be Three hundred and Twenty 
three and upon sorting them it Appeared the Eight following 
Gentlemen had Obtained A Majority of Votes Viz 1 . 

Votes 

Hon*l? Thomas Dawes Sen r . Esq r . - ... 288 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . 297 

Samuel Breck Esq r . 191 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . ------281 

John Coffin Jones Esq r 306 

Hon5l Benjamin Austin Esq 1 . 216 

William Eustis Esq r . ------ 307 

William Tudor Esq r . 184 

Declaration was then made by the Selectmen to the Town That 
the Seven first of the foregoing Names were Chosen by A Ma- 
jority of Votes 

The meeting was then Adjourned To 3. O'Clock. P : M : 

[28O.] 3. O'Clock P : M : Town met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

On Motion Voted, That the Selectmen be requested to make 
return of the Eight Gentlemen who had A Majority of Votes in 
the Morning for Representatives 

The Choice of Representatives being over It was on Motion 
Voted. That the Town will Come to the Choice of A Moderator 
to transact the other business mentioned in the Warrant by a 
hand Vote 

The Honorable Thomas Dawes Esq r . was Chosen Moderator 
Accordingly 



290 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Inhabitants having as directed by the Selectmen brought 
in their Votes of One Constable it appeared upon Sorting them 

That M r . James Perkins was Chosen a Constable for the Year 
Ensuing 

The Petition Relative to A New Street at the Bottom of Beacon 
Hill read - 

Whereupon Voted, That M r . Charles Bnlfinch 

Cap*. Jarnes Prince 
Harrison G. Otis Esq r . 

Be A Committee to Consider Said Petition and to Report at the 

Adjournment 

The Petition of Deacon Daniel Jones read 

Whereupon Voted That Cap*. Joseph May 

George R : Minot Esq r . 
Doctor Thomas Welch be 
A Com 1 !! on the Same to report at the Adjournment 

[281.] Adjourned to Thursday Next 3. O'Clock P : M : 



Thursday the 10 th . May. 3 : O'Clock the Town Met according 
to Adjournment 

The Inhabitants as directed brought in Their Votes for Three 
Cullers of Fish. When it appeared that, but Two were Chosen 
viz*. 

Cap*. Roger Bartlet 

Cap*. Joseph Doble 

The Committee on M r . Jirah Holbrooks Petition Reported that 
the Petitioner hath Leave to withdraw his Petition and the 
Question being put it Passed in the Affirmative 

The School Committee to whom was referred the Petition of 
M r . James Carter Report as follows Viz*. Pursuant to a Vote 
of the Town Passed Mar. 12 th . The School Committee having 
Conferred with the School masters on the Subject of M r . Carters 
Petition, and after full Consideration thereon ; ask Leave to Report 
to the Town as their Opinion. That the several School masters 
cannot, consistently with their Duty to the Public Schools, be 
permitted to keep a private school, until after the hours of the 
public school in the afternoon. The Committee also deem it incum- 
bent on them further to observe for the information of the Town 
on this Subject; that influenced by a conviction of the impor- 
tance of giving due effect to the new system, adopted by the Town, 
for the regulation of the public schools ; whereby the means of 
education have not only been happily Extended to the Children 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 291 

of both sexes, of all the Citizens ; but such Improvements and 
Advantages, have been already experienced, [282.] As are 
no less honorable to the liberal and Patriotick Principles of the 
inhabitants of the Town, than beneficial to the rising Generation, 
the immediate objects of an Institution so benevolent : They 
have from A Consideration of the Increased duties resulting to 
the Schoolmasters thereupon ; and the wisdom as well as Justice 
of affording them the Encouragement of a Competent Support 
as being Essential to A Zealous and faithful discharge thereof, 
conformably to the powers vested in them by the Town, Voted as 
Salaries for the present year. 

To Each of the public Schoolmasters .... 200 

To Each of the Ushers 80 

Ezek 1 Price Chairman 

The aforegoing report having been Considered by the Town, 
the Question was put, Viz*. 

Whether the Same shall be Accepted Passed in the Affirma- 
tive 

The Committee to whom was referred the Petition of Daniel 
Jones beg Leave to report that upon Enquiring into the Subject 
of said Petition it appears Probable. That from several unfore- 
seen Circumstances. Such as opening Drains &c. That the In- 
come of the Market Square falls short of the Estimate made by 
the Petitioner, when he Contracted for the same, The sum of Fif ty 
four Pounds. The Committee Therefore Recommend That the 
Town Pass the following Vote viz*. Voted that the Sum of 
Fifty Four Pounds Eight Shillings be abated Daniel Jones on his 
Contract for the income of the Stalls and Stands, without the 
Market house for the year past. Provided the said Jones Pay 
into the [283.] Town Treasury The Sum of Seventy Six 
Pounds Six shillings (in Addition to Sum of Sixty Nine Pounds 
already paid) On or before the first day of June next, and the 
further Sum of Seventy Six Pounds Six Shillings on or before 
the first day of August Next, all which is Respectfully submitted 

Joseph May ^ r . order 

The a foregoing report having been Considered by the Town. 
On the Question being put whether the Same shall be Accepted 
Passed in the Affirmative 

M r . Breck chosen A representative declines Serving for reasons 
given in his Letter on the file of this meeting 

The Committee appointed to Audit the acco te . of the Town 
Treasurer and Examine the drafts of the Selectmen and overseers, 
have Attended that Service and report, 



292 CITY DOCUMENT. 

That The Treasurers accounts are right Cast, and well Vouched, 
and find by his Account Now Rendered, A balance in favour of 
the Town of 10970 5 2^ 
The General State of the Treasury as follows Viz 1 . 

D re . Due to the Town from the Several Collectors Viz 4 . 

James Thompson for 1790 Tax . . . 597,, 3,, 2W 

1791 d. . . 1987 ;, 4 9^ 

Thomas Bayley . . 1790 D. . . '272,, 9,, 4% 

1791 D. . . 2011 7 llj^ 

Charles Williams . 1790 D 9 . . . 765 12 11)| 

Benj a . Henderson . 1791 D. . . 2078 ,, 17 9> 4 

[284.] Caleb Hlanchard . 1791 D ff . . . 1862,, 2,, 1% 

Sum brought over [blank] 

Commonwealth Masssachusetts . . . 6666 ,, 13 ,, 4 

Town Powder 312 ,, 11 8 

Sundry Balances from a number of 

Persons of w? the Committee think 

1300 bad 1672 17 9 

Sundry Persons for Rent 320 15 ,, 11 

Several Small notes 35 ,, 10 ,, 8 

Cash in the Treasury 1838 ,, 4 ,, $>% 



C rs . Due from the Town as follows Viz*. 
Sundry Small Balances . . 384 ,, 1 ,, 7% 
To the Estate of Sam 1 . Pa- 

tridge 695 ,, 7 ,, 

Matthew Nazro . . 253 ,, 2 
Notes on Interest . . 8118 ,, 15 ., 

9451 6 1 



10970 5 2% 

Balance due to the Town by the Books From which must be 
deducted for Interest due on Sundry Notes 1 st . Mar.' 1792 

Not Yet paid 401 2 3 
Collectors and Asses- 
sors Pay .... 1050 ,, 

Abatements on 1791 

Tax 900 ,, 

Town Powder 312 , 1,8 

Supposed Bad Debts . 1300 

Part of rents ... 150 ,, 

: 4113 13 ,, 11 



Real ballance due to the Town .... 6856 ,, 11 ,. 3 



Provided no greater Loss accrues to the Town from bad Debts, 
than your Committee have Estimated in the foregoing report 
There was in favour of the Town on. the first day of March Last 
A balance of 6856 ,, 11 ,, 3^4 Your Committee beg Leave 
further to report That the Average Annual drafts of the Select- 
men and Overseers [285.] for Several Years Previous to the 
Last have been for 7000 and the Last Year they amounted 
to 8477 ,, 13 ,, Q l / 2 The Present Year, as there is A New School 
house and Stalls in the Market Square to be built, Sundry 
Streets in the Town to be repaired and A Considerable Expence 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 293 

for lighting the Town with Lamps, the Current Expences will 
Exceed the Sum raised the Last Year. Your Committee are 
therefore of opinion that the Sum Necessary to be raised for the 
Current Expences of this year will be Nine Thousand Pounds, 
all of which is respectfully Submitted 

Tho 8 . Dawes order of 



The aforegoing acco*. having been Considered by the Town. 
The Question was put for its acceptance and Obtain'd, 

Voted. That the Sum of Nine Thousand Pounds be raised by 
A Tax to be Assessed on the Polls and Estates of the Inhabitants 
of this Town to defray the P^xpences of the Current Year 

The Report of the Committee on M r . Masons Petition read. 
and after' debate the Question was put for A reference, which 
was Passed in the Negative 

The Report as amended was accepted by The Town 112 
Persons Present. 

[286.] Adjourned [until] tomorrow 3 'O'Clock P : M : 

FridayS. O'Clock P:M: Town Met According to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Committee relative to A New Street at the Bojttom of 
Beacon hill reported as on file, whereupon it was moved and 
Passed That A Committee be appointed to Enquire as to the Titles 
of the Land Claimed by M r . Todd & Cap*. Dennie and to report 
the Sum that would be required for the Purchase of the Land 
Necessary to be taken into the Street, and what would be the 
other Expences whereupon 

Voted. That the Selectmen be now a Committee for the Pur- 
pose aforesaid 

On Motion Voted, That A Committee be now Appointed to 
Consider the duties and Services of the Town Treasurer and the 
Town Clerk, And report at the Adjournment Adequate Salaries 
therefore 

Voted, That William Tudor Esq r . 

Hon^5 Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
M r . Herman Brimmer 
Be A Committee for the Purpose aforesaid 

Voted That The Thanks of The Town be and hereby are given 
unto Samuel Breck Esq r . for his good Services as A Representa- 
tive A Number of Years past 



294: CITY DOCUMENT. 

[28 7. J Voted That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to Jonathan Mason Jun r . Esq r . for his good Services 
As A Representative Sometime past 

On Motion Voted, That the Vote of Acceptance on Yesterday 
of the report of the Committee on M r . Masons Petition be recon- 
sidered also 

Voted That the Hon^l? Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . 

Benj a . Austin Jun 1 '. Esq r . 

Perez Morton Esq r . 
Hon. Caleb Davis Esq r . 

John Sweetser Esq r . 
Hon. James Sullivan Esq 1 '. 

William Scollay Esq r . 

M r . Charles Bulfinch 

Be A Committee to provide Proper and Convenient buildings 
for the reception and better accommodation of the Public Poor, 
so as that the healthy, sick & Convalescents may be Lodged 
in distinct and Separate appartments and for the Purpose afore- 
said the said Committee or A Major Part of them, are hereby 
Authorized and impowered to Appropriate 'and Set Apart any of 
the vacant Lands belonging to the Town (except the Public 
Common) to Erect said buildings, upon or to purchase any other 
Piece of Land which they may think more convenient : To Con- 
tract with any Persons for Erecting & Completing [288.] said 
buildings, and Supplying the Materials, or if they or a Major 
part of them shall Judge it most for the interest of the Town and 
the Comfortable accomodation of the poor to Enlarge and repair 
the Present Almshouse &c. and to Erect any Additional build- 
ings On the Land Contiguous thereto. And in order to defray 
the incidental Expences of the aforesaid undertaking the said 
Committee or A Major part of them are hereby further Author- 
ized and impowered in the Name of the Inhabitants of The Town 
to make Sale if they see fit of the peice of Land on which the 
Granary. Almshouse. and Workhouse now Stand And the Land 
Contiguous thereto to any Person or Persons who will give the 
highest price therefor or any part thereof, and to make & Exe- 
cute good and Sufficient Deeds thereof in the Name of the In- 
habitants of the Town to the Purchaser or Purchasers, and if 
the Proceeds of such Sales Shall not be sufficient to Defray the 
Expence of the New Buildings &c. The said Committee or A 
Major part of them are further Authorized and required to raise 
as much of the Deficiency as they Can, by A Public Subscription, 
in Aid of so human and benevolent an undertaking, and if any 
deficiency shall therefore remain, The said Committee or major 
Part of them are directed to 'make report thereof to the Select- 
men, who are thereupon required [289.] to call A meeting of the 
inhabitants that they may Provide for the Same in due time by A 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 295 

Public Tax. Provided That said Tax shall not amount to A Sum 
Exceeding Two Thousand Pounds 

On Motion Voted That the Vote Passed by the Town the 30 th . 
March 1791. for farming out of Faneuil Hall Market to the 
highest bidder, be reconsidered, and that the Selectmen be and 
hereby are authorized & impowered to Appoint A Suitable Person 
as Clerk of said Market, under such regulations and directions as 
to them may Appear most Advantageous To the Town, and to 
allow said Clerk what may appear to them Adequate to his Services 
also. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be Authorized and impowered to 
dispose of the Hay Engine to the Person they shall Judge most 
suitable for said Trust, and allow him what Sum they shall Judge 
Adequate to his Services 

Adjourned to Friday. 18- Instant 

3. O'Clock P. M : For the Purpose of taking up and Acting 
upon the report of the Committee relative to By Laws and Trans- 
acting other matters in the Warrant not yet acted upon. May 
18 th 1792 - 

Friday P : M : 3. O'Clock. Town Met according to Adjourn- 
ment The Committee appointed to Consider and report what 
they may Judge to be Adequate Salaries [29O.] For the Town 
Treasurer and Town Clerk report 

That after conversation with the Town Clerk and Town Treas- 
urer & due Enquiry take Leave to Report that there be granted 
to the Town Clerk the Sum of One hundred & fifty Pounds as his 
Salary for the Year 1 79 1 and for the Present Year 

And that the Town Treasurer have at the rate of Two hun- 
dred Pounds ^ r . Year during the time he has Come into Office 
and up to the Month of March 1793 as an Adequate Salary 
and Allowance for his duties and Services, which is Submitted, 

William Tudor 
Herman Brimmer 

The Aforegoing Report being read the Question was put Viz*. 
Whether this Report shall be accepted Passed in the Affirma- 
tive 

The Committee on M r . Bowdoins Proposals reported Ver- 
bally ; and have Leave to Report again 

The Report of the Committee relative to the Carrying the By 
Laws into Execution read 



296 C-.TY DOCUMENT. 

After some debate, It was moved, and the Question Put That 
said reports be considered by Paragraphs Passed in the Nega- 
tive 

It was then moved and the question Put That said report be 
now Accepted by the Town ; which Passed in the Negative. 

On Motion Voted. That all matters and things which shall 
remain Unfinished at this meeting, be referred over to the next 
General Town meeting that shall be called 

[291.] Voted. That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are Given to the Hon^ Thomas Dawes Esq r . for his good Ser- 
vices as Moderator 

Then the Meeting was 
dissolved 



The following is the report of the Committee for Carrying the 
By Laws into Execution, which report was not accepted. Viz*. 

The Committee appointed to Consider the By Laws of the 
Town of Boston, And to report measures for carrying them into 
Execution; have attended to the Subject of their Commission, 
and report as their Opinion, That the following are the Principal 
obstructions to the carrying of the By Laws into Effect ; and un- 
less removed, must forever Embarrass them in their Operation : 
1?! An Apprehension existing in the minds of the Justices of the 
Peace residing in the Town of Boston, that they are interested, 
in the Penalties which may be recovered for A breach of the said 
By Laws, and therefore, they are disqualified from taking Cog- 
nizance and Jurisdiction of Complaints that may be brought be- 
fore them in such Cases, whereby prosecutions for the breaches 
of the Said By Laws must be carried on at Some distance, and 
with great Additional trouble and Expence 2 d . The want of 
a Sufficient Pecuniary Compensation to the Inspectors of the 
Police to reward them for the Services which it was designed 
they should render and the want of A Proper responsibility and 
Penalties on the part of those officers for the Neglect of their 
Duty. 

[292.] 3 y An inconvenience arising from the Inspectors of 
the Police Applying to the Selectmen, previous to Commencing 
Prosecutions for breaches of the By Laws, which have occasioned 
delay in Cases, where there were no legal doubts of A Prosecu- 
tion being sustained. 4- The want of an Attorney for the 
Town, who should act when called on, in all prosecutions to be 
Commenced for breach of the By-Laws, and to whom the in- 
spector of the Police and all other Officers of the Town Should 
apply, when Needful, for Advice and direction free of Expence 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 297 



The Committee are therefore of Opinion, That it will be Ex- 
pedient for the Purpose of Carrying the said By Laws into Effect, 
That the Town should Pass the following Votes Viz 1 . 

WHEREAS doubts have Arisen in the Minds of the Justices of the 
Peace for the County of SUFFOLK, residing within the Town of 
BOSTON, of their Authority to Sustain and try Prosecutions for 
breaches of the By-Laws oif the said Town, and other Laws apper- 
taining to the Government of the same, in Cases where the Pen- 
alties may Accrue for The benefit of the inhabitants thereof; 
Voted, that application be made to the Legislature of the Common- 
wealth, Stating the Difficulties thence resulting in Carrying the Said 
By-Laws into Effect, Praying, if they think proper, that the Au- 
thority of such Justices may be declared to be Competent, to the 
Sustaining, Trying & determining of such Prosecutions; or direct 
such A mode of Process as they think Proper, in order that the 
By-Laws may be duly Executed, Agreeable to the Genius & 
Spirit of The present Constitution of the Town. And as it is of 
The greatest importance to the due Execution of our By Laws, 
That the inspectors of the Police, be men, not only of good 
moral [93.] Character, But of known Stability, firmness of 
mind and Laudable zeal for the good order of the Town 

Voted, That previous to the appointment of Such Officer or 
Officers of Police by the Selectmen, A Nomination list shall 
be hung up in the Selectmens room One month before the Choice 
is made, in order that every inhabitant of the Town, so inclining, 
may Enter the Name of one Candidate thereon ; and the Select- 
men are required to Elect by Ballot, from such nomination List, 
on the first Wednesday of May Next, and afterwards on the Third 
Wednesday of March Annually, one or more Persons for the afore- 
said Office, whose duty it shall be to Patrol The Town from 
time to time, and to Prosecute in behalf, and at the Expence of 
the Town (first Advising with The Town- Attorney if Necessary) 
before any Justice of the Peace, all breaches of the By-Laws that 
may come to his or their knowledge, either by his or their own 
Observation, or by the information of Others. And the officer, or 
Officers of the Police are hereby directed to keep an Office in or 
Near the Market Place, to be provided by the Selectmen, at which 
he or they, or Some Person acting under him or them, Shall daily 
Attend (Lords days or days set Aside for Public Worship Ex- 
cepted) from the Hours of Eleven to One O'Clock, -in order that 
the Inhabitants may with Greater facility give Notice to him or 
them of any Breaches of the By-Laws. The said Officer or 
Officers of Police are directed to make Weekly returns of his 
or their doings to the Selectmen. Voted that an Attorney be 
appointed by the Town by written Votes at the March meeting 
[294.] Annually, who shall be empowered to appear before any 
Court in all Prosecutions for a breach of the By-Laws when 
Necessary. Also to Commence and Prosecute under the direc- 



298 CITY DOCUMENT. 

tion of the Selectmen in any Court of Law, any Suit or Action, 
in behalf of the Town, and to defend any Suit or Action Com- 
menced Against the Town. The Officer or Officers of the Police, 
and all other officers of The town shall have A right to the opinion 
and advice of the said Town-Attorney upon any Legal question, 
relative to the Execution of their respective offices, or to any 
Prosecutions for the breach of the said By-Laws, free of all 
Expence 

Voted That The Town-Attorney receive an Adequate Compen- 
sation for his Services, by an allowance to be granted him by the 
town in March meeting annually. 

And the more effectually to enable the officer or officers of Police 
to pay due attention to the duties of his or their office : 
Voted, As the Sense of the Town, that the Selectmen make 
ample and liberal allowance to the officer or officers of Police, as 
a compensation for his or their services to be paid quarterly. 
The said officer or officers of Police to take an Oath, and give 
bonds for the faithful discharge of his or their Duty. 

Voted that the Officer or Officers of Police, and Town At- 
torney, from time to time as they may Discover Any Additions 
to, or any Amendments in the By-Laws to be necessary (in their 
opinion) for the better Government of The Town, shall Lay the 
same before the Selectmen, who if they see cause, shall publish 
the Same in two Several News papers for the more deliberate 
consideration of the inhabitants, in order that the Town may 
conduct [295.] Thereon at their Annual meetings in March or 
May, as to them shall appear proper; Providing always that 
such Proposed Additions or amendments be published at Least 
Seven days Previous to Such Meetings 

Voted That all Officers of the Town Elected by The Select- 
men, Shall in future be Chosen by them by Written Votes. 

Also that application be made to the Legislature, That it may 
be the duty of the Selectmen, and that they be empowered To 
Remove from Office, any Officer appointed by The Town, Or the 
said Selectmen, who shall be Convicted by Two Credible Wit- 
nesses of Fraud or Misdemeanors in his Office, in Any Court of 
Law, and another be Appointed in his Stead saving always 
the right of appeal, Agreeable to the Laws of the Commonwealth. 
And whereas the mode Adopted for disposing of the Office of 
Hay-weigher At Auction has not Proved A beneficial Measure to 
the Town. 

Voted. That the Hay-weigher be hereafter Appointed by the 
Selectmen, and the said Hay -weigher is Directed to lay before 
them Quarterly, An Account under Oath, of the quantity of Hay 
weighed, and the Money received by him in that Office, and the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 299 

Selectmen are empowered to allow him the Sum of . [blank] 
^ r . Annum for his Services, he Producing A receipt that he has 
paid the residue of the money so received by him into the Town 
Treasury. And whereas The Town at a Late meeting did direct 
the Selectmen to Erect A Number of Additional Stalls in Faneuil 
Hall Market, agreeable to A Plan Laid before the Town [296.] 
Which will render it inconvenient to dispose of said Market by 
Auction the Ensuing Year, 

Therefore, Voted That A Clerk of said Market be appointed 
by the Town the Next year, and that he be directed to lay before 
the Selectmen upon Oath, the money received in that Office ; 
and the Selectmen are empowered to Allow him The Sum of 
[blank] for his services, he producing A Receipt in Like man- 
ner as the Hay-weigher. 

Voted. That the General account of receipts and Expendi- 
tures of all Public money to be read in open Town Meeting in 
March Annualy. 

And Whereas great expenses Yearly Accrue to the Town by 
the heavy Loads of Manure which are Carried through The Town, 
to the great Damage of the Streets and Highways : 

Voted That application be made to the Legislature to empower 
the Town to make such Regulations as to prevent in future such 
damages to the Streets and Highways, Particularly to prohibit 
a greater Load then one Ton weight, of such Manure being Car- 
ried Through the Town, by any Person or Persons whatever. 

And Whereas from the Late deranged State of the Town, in 
Execution of the By-Laws, many Evils have Arisen by the Prac- 
tice of Forestalling in our Markets : Unruly driving of Horses 
within the Town : using unseal'd. weights and Measures in the 
the Market : Impositions in the Sale of Fire-wood : and 
Excessive Weight carried on Trucks and Carts : 

Voted That it be recommended, and it is hereby recom- 
mended [297.] To the Inhabitants, to give information to the 
Inspector or Inspectors of Police, of all Persons who shall Con- 
tinue in Such Practices, that they may be prosecuted agreeable to 
the By-Laws Of the Town. 

And it is Further Recommended, That each Inhabitant would 
Exert himself to put into Execution a Law of this Commonwealth 
for Preventing Persons obtruding themselves on any Particular 
Town, by giving Information to the Selectmen of the residence 
of such Persons, that they may be duly warned out of the Town, 
Whereby a great Expence in the Maintenance of the poor would 
be saved, and our Town Taxes greatly Lessened. 

Voted) That The Inspector or Inspectors of Police be par- 
ticularly enjoined To take care that the Law of the Common- 
wealth against bringing into any Town by Water, any Cord wood. 
Less in Length than four feet, including half the Carfr; and 
against any Wharfingers Carting such Wood, or Employing any 



300 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Cart or Sled not Marked & Numbered by a Sealer of Wood, as 
by Lay? Provided, be carried faithfully into Execution. 

Vot^d That the Selectmen of the Town be, and they are hereby 
Directed to make Application to the Legislature for the Several 
Purposes Expressed in the foregoing Votes at their first Session 

The above Report is Submitted to the Consideration of the 
Town 

Benjamin Austin Jun r . 
f r . Order - 

[298.] At A Meeting of the freeholders and Other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and Legaly Warned 
in Public Town Meeting, Assembled at Faneuil Hall, On Wednes- 
day the 6 th . day of June. Anno Domini 1792 10. O Clock. A : M : 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 

Precept for Choice of Two Representatives also read 

The Town having by Vote Determined to Choose Two Persons 
to Represent them in the General Court in the room of the Hon- 
orable Thomas Dawes & Benjamin Austin Jun r . Esq r . who are 
Elected to A Seat in the Hon ble Senate, Agreeably to A Precept 
received for Said Purpose 

The Inhabitants are directed by the Selectmen to withdraw and 
bring in their Votes for two Representatives. Accordingly; 
And then it was declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes would 
received, but such as are unfolded ; And that they intend the Poll 
shall be Closed at 12. O'Clock. Bells to be toll'd a Little before 
that time 

The Votes being brought in for two Representatives. The Num- 
ber of the same was found to be Two hundred & Thirty Nine & 
upon Sorting them it appeared the following Gentlemen had Ob- 
tained A Majority of Votes Viz 1 . 

Joseph Blake Esq r . - - - -- - 128,, 
Thomas Edwards Esq r . 126,, 

[299.] Declaration was then made to the Town by the Se- 
lectmen, That the aforenamed two Gentlemen were Chosen 
Representatives, by A Majority of Votes. 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 301 

At A Meeting of the Freeholders & others Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified and Legaly Warned in Public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faueuil Hall on Wednesday the 4*? 
day of July. Anno Domini 1792. at 9. O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

William Cooper was Chosen Moderator by A hand Vote 

The Committee appointed the Last Year to make Choice of A 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Inde- 
pendence 

Reported that they had made Choice of M r . Joseph Blake Jun r . 
who had Accepted 

On Motion Voted. That the Oration be delivered at the Old 
Brick Church, as Liberty therefor having been Obtain'd 

[3OO.] Voted. That the Gentlemen Selectmen do Acquaint 
M r . Blake with the aforegoing Vote 

The meeting was then Adjourned to meet at the Old Brick 
meeting house, at 12. O'Clock this day 

AN ORATION. 

To Commemorate the Independence of the United States was 
delivered by M r . Blake Jun r . at the Old Brick Church 

On Motion Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby are ap- 
pointed A Committee to Wait on M r . Joseph Blake Jun r . And in 
the Name of the Town to thank him for the Spirited and Elegant 
Oration this day delivered by him At the request of the Town 
upon the Anniversary of the Independence of the United States 
of America in which According to the Institution of the Town he 
Considered The feelings manner and Principles which Led to that 
Great National Event, & to request of him A Copy Thereof for 
the Press 

On Motion Voted, That the Gentlemen the Selectmen be and 
hereby ai'e appointed A Committee to Apply to Some one learned 
and able Gentlemen to deliver an Oration on the 4- day of July 
Anno Domini 1793. That day being the Anniversary of the Inde- 
pendence of the United States of America wherein the Orator is 
to consider the feelings Manners and Principles which Led to this 
great National Event, as well as the Important [3O1.J and 
happy effects whether General or Domestic, which have Already, 
and will forever Continue to flow from that Auspicious Epoch 

Then The Meeting was 
Dissolved 



302 CITY DOCUMENT. 

At A meeting of the freeholders and The Other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston duly Qualified and Legaly Warned in Public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 9 th . 
day of Augt. A : D : 1792 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 



5 Thomas Dawes Sen r . Esq r . was Chosen Moderator by A 
hand Vote, but he informing the Town by the Constable Sent 
that he could not Attend 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . was then Chosen but upon his declining 

Thomas Craft Esq r . 
Was Chosen Moderator for this meeting by A hand Vote. 

On Motion Adjourned to the Old South Church A Number of 
the Committee of that Church Present having given their Consent 
therefor 

The Article of the Warrant being read, together with the repre- 
sentation of A Number of the [3O2.] Inhabitants relative to 
the Small Pox A Lengthy Debate took place thereon, Whereupon 
it was moved 

That the Selectmen continue their Exertions to prevent the 
Spreading of the Small Pox in this Town by taking up A House 
or Houses and making other Suitable Provision for the reception 
and Accomodation for such Person or Persons as Now have or 
may hereafter be taken with the Small Pox 

The Question being put Accordingly Passed in the Affirmative 
by A great Majority 

Then the meeting was 
Dissolved 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified and legally warned in Public Town 
Meeting, the 29^? of Aug*. Anno Domini 1792. Assembled at 
Faneuil Hall 10. O'Clock A : M : 

. Warrant for calling the meeting read 
Thomas Craft Esq r . Chosen Moderator By A hand Vote 
Petitions for Calling the Meeting read 

[3O3.] The Selectmen then give the Inhabitants their 
opinion of the Present State of the Small Pox. in this Town 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1792. 303 

On Motion, The Question was put Viz*. Whether the Town 
do not think it Expedient that A General Inoculation should take 
place immediately Passed in the Affirmative by A great Ma- 
jority - 

Moved and Voted that A Committee be now appointed to take 
into Consideration and to Report at The Adjournment Such 
Measures as they shall Judge Necessary to be taken by the Town 
on the occasion, and for the relief and Assistance of the Poor in 
Passing through the Small Pox. 

Voted, That 

That the Hon ble Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Hon ble . James Sullivan Esq r . 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . 
Charles Jarvis Esq r . 
Harrison G. Otis Esq r . 
Stephen Goreham Esq r . 
Rev d . Doct r . Lothrop 
Joseph Russell Treasurer 
Be A Committee for the Said Purpose 

Moved and Voted, That the Town Clerk be desired to Attend 
the Committee for to give Such Information as may be Needed 
Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P : M : 

[3O4.] At 3. O'Clock. P: M: Town met according to the 
Adjournment 

The Committee to whom was referred the Consideration of the 
Measures Expedient to be Adopted by the Town, in the Present 
State of the small Pox, beg Leave to report the following 
Votes. 

" That all Persons, as well inhabitants of the Town as Coming 
from the Country, be Permitted to receive the Small Pox by 
inoculation at any time from this day, untill the fifteenth day 
of September Next, and not afterwards, and that from & after 
that Period the Selectmen be and hereby are requested to Adopt 
the most prudent and Usual measures for Cleansing the Town 
from Infection, and to Prevent any further Inoculation, while the 
Present Laws Against it are in force." 

That the Overseers of the Poor be requested to devise and 
Pursue the most discreet and Prudent measures for the comfort- 
able supply of such of the Poor Inhabitants as may receive the 
disorder who are unable to Provide for themselves, to Engage 
Physicians for their respective wards Accordingly. And that all 
Expences incurred in this Service be defrayed, out of the 
Treasury of the Town 



304 CITY DOCUMENT. 

That the Sum of Nine Shillings be Allowed to The Physicians, 
of The Town for Inoculating [3O5.] And medicines and Attend- 
ing during the Progress of this disorder, Each poor Inhabitant, 
who in the Opinion of the Overseers, may be Unable to Provide 
for himself 

That the Selectmen be requested to Continue the Guards at the 
Hospital untill Next Thursday week at sunset, And Your 
Comittee further Report, that in their opinion, The following 
Vote will be Conducive to the best interest of this Town. 

That the Selectmen be requested to make application to the 
Legislature for the repeal of all Laws Now Existing against 
Inoculation, after the first of June Next all which is respectfully 
Submitted 

Tho 8 . Dawes ^ r . order - 

The Aforegoing Report having been read and Considered and 
the Question being Put. Whether the Same shall be Accepted, 
Passed in the Affirmative By A Large Majority 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



[3O6.] At A Meeting of the freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly Qualified and legally warned in 
Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall On Friday the 
28 th . day of September Anno Domini. 10. O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 



^2 Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Chosen Moderator by A Hand Vote. 

The Votes being Brought in for A Collector of Taxes in the 
room of M r . Caleb Blanchard who has resigned, it Appeared 
that. 

M r . Benjamin Jepson was Chosen Collector of Taxes for the 
Year Ensuing 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*, to Consider Application of 
the Collectors that A further Allowance may be made them for 
their Services read 

Whereupon Voted. That 

M r . Herman Brimmer 

Thomas Crafts Esq r . 

Hon ble Caleb Davis Esq r . 

Be A Committee to take the Application of tiie" Collectors for A 
further allowance for their Services as Collectors And Report 
thereon at the Adjournment 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 305 

[3O7.] The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . What measures 
shall be taken for the Speedy Clearing the Town from the Infec- 
tions of the Small Pox was read and after Some Debate Voted 
That A Committee of Forty Eight Persons four of Each Ward 
be immediately appointed For to Assist the Selectmen and Over- 
seers of the Poor in Each Ward whose business it shall be to 
repair to Every House in their respective wards, To ask the fol- 
lowing Questions and to take down the Answers in Writing 
Vizi. ' 

Who Lives in this House, and what is the Name of the Head 
of the family 

How many Persons in this house have had the Small Pox, 
both Whites and blacks, The Natural way and by Inoculation & 
how many of Each have died How many Persons from the 
Country have had the Small Pox in this House, and how many 
of them Came from the Countrey after the 15 th . day of September 
Last. There Names and by Whom Inoculated 

How many are now Sick, and how many that have not had the 
Small Pox r The Number that have now had it that supposed that 
they had received it before ; And that the Constables of the 
Town Attend the selectmen and Overseers in Said Walk, & they 
are also directed to take the most Effectual Method to cause the 
houses in the Several Wards to be well Cleansed from the Infec- 
tion & make report of their doings at the Adjournment. That 
such of the Rev d> Clergy as desire it, be requested to attend the 
Committee 

[3O8.] Article relative to M r . Cheney and his Other appli- 
cations, read Whereupon 

Voted. That M r . Cheney's and the other applications, be 
referred over to the School Committee 

Voted. That the following Persons be A Committee of Visit 
and also for taking the State Of The Small Pox Viz*. 

Ward N. 1. Mess rs . Benjamin Jepson 

Josiah Snelling 
Jonas Welch 
Thomas Adams 

Ward N. 2 Cap 1 . Edward Tyler 
Cap*. Jacob Rhoades 
M r . John Page 
M r . Alexander Hill 

Ward N. 3 Thomas Symmes Esq r . 
M r . Josiah Eliot 
Joseph Crocker Esq r . 
Cap*. Samuel Howard 



306 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



4 Dea Gibbons Sharp 

M r . William Sherburne 
M r . Nathaniel Austin 
M r . Joseph Kettle 

5 Harbottle Dorr Esq r . 

M r . Thomas Hitchborn 
M r . Hopestill Capen 
M r . William Homes 

6 Hon ble . Benjamin Austin J r . Esq,. 

Coll Samuel Bradford 
M r . John Kneeland 
M r . Isaac Winslow 

7 Joseph Blake Esq r . 

M r . Elisha Sigorney 
M r . Ephraim Copeland 
M r . Moses Grant 

8 M r . David Austin 

M r . Samuel Belknap Jun r . 
M r . Samuel Torrey 
Perez Morton Esq r . 

9 Nath 1 . Balch Esq r . 

M r . Edw d . Davis 
John Andrews Esq r . 
M r . Herman Brimmer 



Ward N. 10 Coll John Winslow 
Samuel Cooper Esq r . 
M r . Russell Sturgis 
Coll John Boyle 

Ward N. 11 M r . John Tileston 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes 
Cap'. Nathan 1 . Fellows 
General Donnison 

Ward N. 12 Maf. R. Davis 
John Lucas Esq r . 
M r . Ebenezer Dorr 
Amasa Davis Esq r . 

Adjourned to Monday the 8 th . day of October Next 10. O 'Clock 
A:M: 

[31O.] Monday October 8 th 1792. 10. O'Clock The Town 
Met according to Adjournment 



Ward N. 



Ward N c 



[3O9.] Ward N. 



Ward N. 



Ward N. 



Ward N 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 307 

The Committee to take the State of the Town with respect to 
the Small Tax Reported 

That on Thursday and friday Last. The Selectmen and Over- 
seers of the Poor Accompanied with The Clergy, and Several 
other Gentlemen appointed by the Town, for the purpose, Visited 
all the families in the Several Wards in this Town in order to 
take A Particular account of the State of the Small Pox. Which 
is as follows Viz*. 

8804. Number of Whites Inoculated 
158 Died 
214 Whites in the Natural way 

27 Died 
348 Blacks Inoculated 

7 Died 
18 Blacks the Natural way 

6 Died 

1038 Number from the Countrey 
262 Number removed from out of Town 
221 Subject to the distemper 
181 Number Now Sick 

It is to be Observed, that the Number said to be subject to this 
disorder are 221. In these are Included many Children who 
have been inoculated sometime Since and said to be subject to 
the disorder because their parents feel anxious and doubtfull 
[311.] Whether they have had it, if they have had it, It was in 
A Very Slight degree. Of Those who are said to be sick it is 
also to be observed that many of those were then so Nearly 
recovered of the Distemper that they are now well, and the others 
fast recovering so that there is the greatest Probability that the 
Town will very Soon be free of Infection. The Town then 
Passed the following Votes. 

Voted Unanimously. That the Selectmen be requested to take 
measures to Cleanse the Town of the Small Pox as Soon as Pos- 
sible 

Voted Unanimously the Selectmen Be requested to take all 
Legal measures for the removal of all Such Persons who do not 
belong to This town and who have taken the Small Pox Since the 
fifteenth day of September Last, to the Town where they belong 
if it can be done, and when it Cannot be done, for to remove 
them to the Pest House 

The Town having granted an Indulgence to the People of 
Other Towns to receive inoculation in This Town, And being 
informed that Some Persons have Come into The Town for that 
Purpose Since the time was Expired. The Town therefore 



308 CITY DOCUMENT. 

unanimously Resolves. That they Consider such Conduct as A 
high Insult upon the inhabitants and that they will take [313.] 
Spirited measures to Shew there disapprobation of and to Prevent 
such Conduct 

Voted. That the Several Physicians in the Town be requested 
to make return to the Chairman of the Selectmen on Tuesday & 
Friday of the number of those who are sick of the Small Pox 

Voted that the Selectmen & Overseers of the Poor be requested 
with Such and so many Gentlemen as they may Choose to Invite 
to make another Visitation of the families in this Town, in man- 
ner Similar to the Last, at Such a time as they may think Proper. 
So as to Report to the Town an Accurate Statement of the Small 
Pox at the Adjournment 

The Committee on the Application of the Collectors, for an 
Augmentation of their Premium 

Report. That two of your Committee within Named, have 
Attended the Application of the Collectors of Taxes for an 
Additional Premium, and after duly Considering the Same are of 
Opinion that five per Cent is Adequate to their Services 

Herman Brimmer 
Caleb Davis 

The aforegoing report having been read And Considered The 
Question was put. Viz*. [313.] Whether the Town will Accept 
the said report 

Passed in the Affirmative 

The Votes being brought in for A Collector of Taxes in the 
room of Caleb Blanchard who has resigned it Appeared that 
M r . Benjamin Jepson was Chosen A Collector for the Year 
Ensuing 

Adjourned to Monday The 22 d . of October Instant 10. O 'Clock 
A : M : 

Monday The 22 d . day of October Town met According to Ad- 
journment 

The Committee to make A return -of the State of the Small Pox 
in this Town, Reported That Sixty two Persons were Sick of the 
Distemper but that Three of Those had been removed to the 
Almshouse. Forty of them were almost well, That of those who 
had been inoculated there had died 179. And of those who had 
received the Distemper in the Natural way 69 had Deceased mak- 
ing the whole number of those who have as yet died of the Small 
Pox 248 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 309 

The Town having considered the aforegoing Report Passed the 
four following Votes Viz 1 . 

Whereas it Appears from the returns made this day On the 
State of the Small Pox, That the Town may be Cleansed of all 
infection in the Course of the Present Week 

[31.4.] Voted that the Selectmen be requested to take effec- 
tual measures for cleansing the Town in the Course of the Present 
week, And they cause such Persons as are now, or may hereafter 
be infected w that disease to be removed as Soon as may be to 
the Hospital at West Boston and that usual Signals be Provided 
Voted, That the Selectmen be also requested to Erect Smoke 
houses at the Neck and at such other Places as they may think 
necessary for Cleansing Such Persons as shall come from Hospi- 
tals and other infected houses in the Neighbouring Towns, And 
to give Public Notice of the Same, and when the Town shall lie 
free from any Infection, Voted That the Selectmen be directed to 
remove all such Persons coming by Water as shall be Infected 
with the Small Pox by inoculation or in the Natural way to 
Rainsfords Island at their Own Expence if Able, and the Inhabi- 
tants be desired to Inform the Selectmen of all Persons who shall 
be Infected with that Disease in future 

Voted That from and after the 22 d . day Of October Instant, 
any Person inoculating for the Small Pox in the Town or on 
board any Vessel in the Harbour or who may receive into their 
family [315.] Any Person thus inoculated, shall be declared 
an Enemy to the Welfare and Security of This Town and their 
Names Published by the Selectmen as Such 

Voted, That all matters and things remaining Unfinished at this 
meeting be referred over to the Next General Town Meeting that 
may or shall be Called 

Voted That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are Given 
To the Honorable Thomas Dawes Esq r . for his good Services, As 
A Moderator of This Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



[316.] is blank. 

[317.] At A Meeting of the freeholders and Other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston Qualified to Vote for Representatives 
To the General Court of this Commonwealth and Legally Warned 
in Public Town Meeting, Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday 
the 2 d . day of November Anno Domini 1792. 10. O'Clock. 
A : M : 



310 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Prayer was made by The Rev d . Doct r . Stillman 
Warrant for Calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraphs of Resolves of the General Court for the Choice of 
Representatives for the Next Congress of the United States, and 
for Electors of President and Vice President read 

It was Then Declared by the Selectmen That the Poll would 
be Closed by the Selectmen at 12. O'Clock. The votes to be 
received at the Table and the Bells to begin Tolling at 12. 
O'Clock 

Persons Voted for as Representatives for the Next Congress 
of the United States 
1 st District for the County of Suffolk Viz*. 

Votes 

Hon ble . Fisher Ames Esq r . 371 

Hon ble . Benjamin Austin J r . Esq r . 330 

Hon ble . Stephen Higginson Esq 1 '. 6 

[318.] Charles Jarvis Esq r . 1 

James Bowdoin Esq r . 5 

William Eustis Esq r 2 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . ...-.- 6 

M r . Samuel Brown 1 . 

For the County of Essex Hon ble . Benf. Goodhue Esq r . - - 722 

Edward Pullin - - Esq r . 1 

For County Middlesex Samuel Dexter ... Jun r . Esq. 637 

Hon ble . Joseph B Varnum - - Esq r . 69 

Hon ble . Ebenezer Bridge - - Esq r . 7 

Hon ble . John Brooks - ... Esq r . 1 1 

Hon ble . Eleazer Brooks - - - Esq r . 4 

James Winthrop - - Esq r . 1 

For the Three Counties \ John Coffin Jones Esq r . - - - - 410 
or the District j James Bowdoin Esq r . - - - - 194 

HonH? William Heath Esq r . 114 

William Eustis Esq r . 3 

Hon ble . Benj* Austin Jun r . Esq r . - 1 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . - - - 4 

Hon ble . Fisher Ames Esq r . ----- 1 

For the Commonwealth ) Hon ble . Dav*. Cobb Esq r . - - - 403 

at Large Except Maine j Hon ble . William Heath Esq r , - - 187 

Hon ble . James Warren Esq r . - - 100 

James Bowdoin Esq r . - - 16 

John C. Jones Esq r . - - 5 

Hon ble . Stephen Higginson Esq r . - 1 

[319.] William Eustis Esq r . - - 3 

M r . Samuel Brown - - - 1 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 311 

Persons Voted for as Electors of the President And Vice 
President of The United States 

Votes 

First District Hon ble . Azor Orne Esq r . 693. 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . - - - - 662 
Hon ble . Samuel Phillips Esq r . .... 388 

Hon ble . Increase Sumner 418 

Hon ble . Fra 8 . Dana Esq r . 365 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . - ... 301 
Hon^5 Samuel Holten ------ 292 

Rich d . Devens Esq r . - - - - 229 

Hon ble . Eleazer Brooks 132 

Hon ble . Thomas Russell 50 

James Winthrop Esq r . - - - 34 
Theoph 8 . Parsons Esq r . - - - 15 

Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . 6 

James Bowdoin Esq r . - - - - 2 

John C. Jones Esq r . - - - - 2 

His Hon r . the Lieu*. Govern'. - - - - 1 

Hon ble . Rob*. Paine Esq r . 4 

Hon ble . Stephen Higginson 2 

Hon ble . William Heath 2 

Hon We . James Sullivan Esq r . - - - - 1 

Hon ble . William Sheppard 2 

[3 2O.] M r . Jeremiah Bumstead - 1 

Hon ble . Oliver Prescott Esq r . - - - - 1 

Hon ble . Levi Lincoln Esq r . 1 

Hon ble . Cotton Tuffts Esq r . - - - .- - 1 
Thomas Edwards Esq r . - - - 1 
William Eustis Esq r . - - - - 1 

Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as Governor, Lieu 1 . 
Governor and Senators for the County of Suffolk, were Com- 
mitted to the Secretary of this Commonwealth and the Inclosures 
Sealed up in the Town Meeting Superscribed as follows Viz 1 . 
For John Avery Esq r . Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusets 

List of Votes, of Representatives for the Next Congress of the 
United States from the Town of Boston in the first District. The 
above in A Circumflex was Wrote on the first Inclosure 

On the 2 d . Inclosure directed as above as follows Viz*. 

A Copy of the List of the Persons Voted for with the Number 
of Votes for Each Person against his Name as Electors of Presi- 
dent & Vice President of the United States, and Sealed up in 
Town Meeting at Boston November the 2 d . 1792. 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



312 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[321.] At A meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally Warned 
in Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday 
the 21 st . day of December Anno Domini 1792. 10. O'Clock 
A : M : 

Warrant for calling the meeting read 

Thomas Craft Esq r . 
was Chosen Moderator by A hand Vote. 

The Town having brought in their Votes for A Fire ward in 
the room of Samuel Breck Esq r . removed To Another State. 

William Scollay Esq r . was Chosen Fire Ward 

The Article in the Warrant relative to A State house read 

Whereupon Voted That William Tudor Esq r . 

William Eustis Esq r . 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . 

Perez Morton Esq r . 

M r . Daniel Austin 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . 

Treasurer Russell 

Be A Committee to take this Article into Consideration and 
report at the Adjournment what they Judge Proper to be done 
thereon 



The Article in the Warrant relative to the Mill Pond 
and Mills. read 

and after debate was moved and voted that the Town will not 
Act thereon 

The Article in the Warrant relative to the Law, Prohibiting 
Theatrical Entertainments read And after Some debate 
thereon 

Voted : That five Persons be A Committee Appointed to Pre- 
pare A Petition and Remonstrance to the General Court against 
The Act Prohibiting Stage Plays, and other Theatrical Entertain- 
ments And to effect the repeal thereof and to report Any resolu- 
tions or other Matters relative to the Subject which it may be 
Proper for the Town to Adopt Voted ; That 

John Lucas Esq r . 

Henry Jackson Esq r . 

Perez Morton Esq r . 

Joseph Russell Esq r . 

Abiel Smith Esq r 
Be A Committee for that Purpose to Report as soon as may be 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 313 

The above Committee Soon reported As follows Viz*. 

To The Honorable Senate and Honorable House of Represen- 
tatives in General Court Assembled January 1793. 

The Inhabitants of the Town of BOSTON in Town Meeting 
Assembled, take Leave respectfully to remonstrate That they 
Consider the Law [323.] Prohibiting Stage Plays, Interludes, 
and other Theatrical Entertainments, made Antecedent to the 
Establishment of our Present free and happy form of Govern- 
ment, as unconstitutional, inexpedient and absurd: Unconstitu- 
tional, Because among the Natural and Unalienable rights of the 
PEOPLE recognized in the first Article of their declaration of 
Rights, is that of Seeking and obtaining their own happiness 
And in the 2 d . Section of the 5 th . Chapter of the Constitution, 
they find it to be the duty of the Legislature " to Cherish the 
Interests of Literature, to Countenance & inculcate the Principles 
of Humanity and General benevolence, Charity, Sincerity, Good 
Humour, and all Social Affections and Generous Sentiments 
among the People." If .Therefore There be any Dramatic Per- 
formances already Written, or if any can be Written, The Exhi- 
bition of which may have A tendency to make men happy, to 
Encourage Literature, and to inculcate the Social Virtues, it is 
the right of the People to Enjoy them, And the Duty of the 
Legislature to Secure to them the Excercise of this right, and, of 
Course, this Law, which in its Prohibition makes no distinction 
in the Nature of the Performance is Repugnant to both. They 
also Consider this Statute as an Indirect Attack on the Liberty 
of the Press, for if [324.] the Right to Think, write and Print 
feeely be secured to the Citizen by this Article, to restrain other 
Citizens from reading, and repeating, or Procuring Others to 
read and repeat for them What is thus Printed, is A Political 
Solecism. 

Your Memorialist, however, would not be understood, to deter- 
mine how far the Doctrine of Libels ag l . Goverment, Individuals, 
or General Decency, and Morals, are exceptions to the 16 th . 
Article of the Declaration of Rights ; but thus much they can 
Confidently Say, That the Existence of the Law in Question is 
Inexpedient to these Purposes, Because if any thing Libellous, 
indecent or immoral Should be exhibited on the Stage, the Com- 
mon Law of the Country, and the good and Wholesome Statutes 
of the Commonwealth, are as fully Competent to their Suppression 
or Punishment, there, as in any other place. The Absurdity of 
this Statute is too Conspicuous to Pass unnoticed. One of the 
Objects in making this Law, as recited in the Preamble, is the 
Suppression of Immorality, and yet in the enacting clause it is 
lawful to exhibit any Dramatic peice, however Politicaly, or 
Morally bad in its tendency, Provided not more then Twenty 
[325.] Persons are Present; but at any Larger number, how- 
ever excellent and Moral the Sentiments of the Performance may 
be, the illegality and, according to the Logic of this Statute the 
Immorality, commences 



314 CITY DOCUMENT. 

We are at a Loss to know by what rule in Ethics an action is 
Constituted morally right or wrong by the number of the agents 
concerned. 

Your memorialists cannot but observe, that all the Public 
Amusements, which are at present permitted, are Calculated ex- 
clusively for, and confined to the Gratification of the Rich, while 
theatrical Entertainments would Admit an indiscriminate Partici- 
pation to all ranks in Society. And we apprehend it is for this 
Reason, that in all free States, since the Republic of Athens the 
PEOPLE have considered the amusements of the Drama pecu- 
liarly their own ; and even in Monarchical Governments, where 
the Monarch is not Absolutely Despotic the hand of Power has 
not been able to Suppress them. 

For these reasons, the Inhabitants of your Capital respect- 
fully request the Legislature to take this Exceptionable Law into 
their serious Consideration, and, in repealing it, leave the Citizen 
at Liberty, by a resort to an Innocent & rational amusement, to 
seek and Promote his own happiness and, as in Duty bound, shall 
Ever Pray &c 

John Lucas ^ r . order 

[326.] The aforegoing remonstrance having been read, The 
Same was accepted almost Unanimously 

The Aforegoing Committee also reported the following set of 
instructions which were also Accepted with A Like Majority 
Viz*. 

First, RESOLVED That our representatives be and they hereby 
are instructed, to renew their Exertions in the next Session of 
the Legislature, to effect a Repeal of the Law, which prohibits 
Theatrical Exhibitions within the Commonwealth, at least so far 
as respects the Town of Boston, or any other Town that may 
petition the Legislature for that purpose. 

Second, Resolved, that we shall consider counter-petitions, or any 
other methods, which A minority of the Inhabitants may adopt to 
defeat the Wishes of the Town, as irregular and unkind. 
Third, Resolved, That, the thanks of the Town be given to our 
Representatives, who by their late Efforts, Endeavored to pro- 
cure a repeal of the Law in question ; and that Thomas Crafts 
Esq r . Leonard Jarvis Esq r ., M r . Joseph Russell, John Lucas 
Esq r ., Perez Morton, Esq r . M r . John Quincy Adams, Paul 
Revere Esq., M r . Edward Tuckerman, Samuel Bradford Esq r ., 
M r . Jn. Brazer [327.] Jabez Hatch Esq r ., M r . William Little, 
Samuel Brown Esq r ., Abiel Smith Esq r ., Henry Jackson Esq r ., 
Samuel Cooper Esq r ., M r . Harrison G. Otis, William Powell 
Esq r ., Joseph Blake Jun r ., M r . John Barrett and M r . William 
Deblois, be a Committee to co-operate with them in such measures, 
as may be Thought expedient, to give effect to the Petition and 
remonstraace, which the Town will Present to the Legislature on 
this Subject. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1792. 315 

Fourth. Resolved, That the respect Justly due to the sentiments 
of our fellow Citizens must operate as an indispensible Obligation 
to explain our Sense of the Nature and Tendency of the Law 
against Dramatic Entertainments, as well as the Ideas of the 
views and Principles which govern the Inhabitants on this occa- 
sion ; and we should be unhappy to conceive that an opinion 
could prevail of our Abhorrence of Vice, or of our Love of 
Virtue, being diminished, when we venture to assert, that the Law 
under Consideration is neither consonant to the Spirit of Liberty, 
nor agreeable to the Liberal Principles, upon which our happy 
Constitution of Government is established ; A Constitution which 
Scarcely admits of general restraints upon the Natural rights of 
the Citizen [328.] to prevent partial abuses or imaginary evils 
in the exercise of them ; and it is no less for this reason than 
from the high opinion we have uniformly cherished of the man- 
ners and virtue of our Fellow-Citizens, That we have the fullest 
persuasion, that the Penal Statutes of the Government, and that 
Just detestation of Vice and immorality of every kind, which 
both reason and Religion inculcate, will be found amply Suffi- 
cient for the invaluable Objects they are intended to secure, with- 
out the equivocal aid of Prohibitory Regulations, founded in an 
impolitic jealousy of the Views and dispositions of the People, 
and unwarranted either by the Voice of Reason, or the Dictates 
of experience 

Fifth. Resolved, That the aforesaid Committee be authorized 
and desired to wait upon his Excellency, the Governor, with a 
Copy of these Resolutions, and present to him, in the name of the 
Inhabitants of the Town the following Address ; 

May it Please your Excellency 

Your fellow Citizens, the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, 
have determined to Solicit [329.] the Legislature, at their Next 
Session, for a repeal of the Law, which Prohibits Theatrical En- 
tertainments within the Commonwealth ; and they have Thought 
proper to request your Excellencys aid on this occasion as they 
cannot conceive, from your Enlightened opposition to every 
encroachment on the Sacred Limits of the Constitution, that you 
would decline to Afford every proper support to an application, 
which at once contemplates, the establishment of an elegant and 
rational amusement, and the repeal of a compulsory Statute, 
formed in violation, not only of those liberal maxims which Your 
Excellency's Administration has hitherto vindicated and con- 
firmed, but of that Confidence In the virtue and discretion of the 
People which You have uniformly expressed and inculcated 

Adjourned to the 14 th . day of January Next at 12 O 'Clock 
A:M: 

Town Met According to Adjournment 

Adjourned to Tuesday 22 d . Jan*. Instant 3 O'Clock P : M : 



316 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[33O.] At A Meeting of the freeholders and Other inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston Qualified to vote for Representatives 
to the General Court of this Commonwealth and legally Warned 
in Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall On Monday 
the 14 th . January Anno Domini 1793. 10. O'Clock A : M :- 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 

Precept for the supreme Executive for the Choice of One 
Representative for the Congress of the United States, for the Dis- 
trict of this Commonwealth read 

It was then Declared by the Selectmen that The Poll would be 
closed at half past 1. O'Clock P: M : That the Votes be received 
at the Table, and the Bells to begin to Ring at 1. O'Clock & Con- 
tinued tolling untill half past One O'Clock 

Persons Voted for as Representatives to Represent the said 
District, Viz*. Suffolk. Essex & Middlesex in Congress of the 
United States all of whom are Inhabitants of One or Another 
of Said Counties Viz*. 



5 Benjamin Austin Jun r . Esq r . G35 

James Bowdoin - - - Esq r . 363 

[33 1 .] Samuel Sewall Esq r . 1 78 

Hon ble . Samuel Holten Esq r . - 3 

Hon ble . William Heath Esq r . 2 

Hon ble . Stephen Higginson Esq r . 1 

Total 1182. 

Attest Copy of The Persons Voted for, for One Representative 
to represent the first District Viz*. Suffolk, Essex, and Middlesex 
in the Congress of the United States were Committed to the 
Secretary of this Common Wealth and the return Sealed up in 
Town Meeting Superscribed as follows. Viz*. 
For John Avery Esq r . 

Secretary of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

List of VOTES for one Representative to represent the first 
District, Viz*. Suffolk, Essex, and Middlesex, from the Town of 
Boston in said District 

Then The Meeting was 
Dissolved 



[332.] Town Met according to Adjournment January 22 d . 
1793. 3. O'Clock P : M :- 

The Committee appointed on the 21 s *. of Dec r . last, to consider 



BOSTON Towx RECOKDS, 1793. 317 

and report what Proposals should be offered on the Part of the 
Town to the Committee of the Legislature on the Subject of 
erecting a State House for the Commonwealth, within the Town 
of Boston, Report : That it is expedient that A Committee 
should be immediately raised with plenary Powers to contract on 
the Part of the Inhabitants for the Grant and Conveyance of any 
Peice of Ground, the Property of the Town, Suitable for such 
Buildings as the State may think necessary to the sole use and 
benefit of the Commonwealth And that the Committee be 
further authorized ; to make this other proposal 

That if the Commonwealth will grant to the Town all their 
Estate in the present State House and the Old Province House, 
and the Land appurtenant thereto, that in such Case the Town 
shall and will Erect a New State House for the Commonwealth on 
any Spot of Ground within the Limits of the Town, being the 
Towns property, which the Legislature shall elect, and on any 
Model they shall direct, provided the whole expeuce shall not 
exceed Nine Thousand Pounds, [333.] and on Condition that 
the Commonwealth shall Grant. Two Thousand Pounds to the 
Town in addition to the real Property, to be conveyed as before 
stipulated. All which is Submitted by order of. 

William Tudor 
.January 14 th . 1793 

The Report having been read and Considered The Question 
was put, Whether the Town will Accept the Same. Passed in 
the Affirmative unanimously 

Also Voted, That William Tudor Esq r . 
William Eustis Esq r . 
Charles Jarvis Esq r . 
Perez Morton Esq r . 
M r . Daniel Austin 
John Coffin Jones Esq r . 
M r . Treasurer Russell 
Be A Committee to Effect the Purposes of this Report 

All matters Unfinished referred to the Next General Town 
Meeting 

Voted, That the Thanks Of The Town be and hereby are 
given, To Thomas Crafts Esq r . for his good Services as Modera- 
tor of the meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



[334.] At A Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, Duly qualified and Legally warned in 



818 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday 
the 13 th . day of February Anno Dom 1 . 1793. 10. O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . was Chosen The Moderator by A 
hand Vote 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . 

To take into Consideration the Petition of the Directors of West 
Boston Bridge relative to the Hospital at That part of The Town 
read, and on Motion 

Voted, That This Matter be left to the Selectmen for them to 
Act thereon as they shall Judge Proper. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. 

To take into Consideration the Petition of A Number of the 
Inhabitants That measures may be taken for to Prevent the 
Erecting and building on a Passage way, between the Rope walks 
at the Southeasterly Part of the Town which has for many Years 
laid Open read and largely debated, and on motion [335.] 
Voted, That A Committee be appointed to Confer with the Com- 
mittee of The General Court, on the Petition of Jeffery Richard- 
son, and to Use their Exertions in Case the Said Land mentioned 
in said Petition is to be sold, That so much thereof may be re- 
served for the Town as is Necessary for its Security and accomo- 
dation, also 

Voted, That Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . 
Jabez Hatch Esq r . 
Harrison G. Otis Esq r . 
Loring Austin Esq r . 
M r . Archib d . M c .Neal 
Be A Committee for the Purpose Aforesaid 

Voted That all matters unfinished at this meeting, be referred 
Over to the Next General Town Meeting 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town Be, and hereby are given 
to the Honorable Thomas Dawes Esq r . for his good Services as 
Moderator of This Meeting 

Then the meeting was 
Dissolved 



[336.] At A Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of The Town of Boston duly qualified and Legally Warned 
in Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall On Monday, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1793. 819 

The Eleventh day of March Anno Domini 1793 10. 'Clock 
A: M: 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . Doctor Walter 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws to be read at this meeting read 

The Town having Voted to come to the Choice of A Moderator 
by A hand Vote. 



^ Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
was Chosen Moderator, of This Meeting 

The Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for a Town Clerk and the same being brought in and 
counted it Appeared That 

William Cooper 

Was chosen Town Clerk for the year Ensuing and the Oath of 
Office was Administered to him by M r . Justice Crafts 

The Inhabitants were directed to Withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for Nine Selectmen [337.] And upon Sorting them it 
appeared that the Following Gentlemen Viz 1 . 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

Thomas Walley Esq r . 

Deacon William Boardman 

M r . Ebenezer Seaver 

Thomas Craft Esq r . 

Thomas Edwards Esq r . 

M r . William Little 

M r . Charles Bulfinch 

William Scollay 
Were Chosen Selectmen for the Year Ensuing 

The Inhabitants having as Directed brought in their Votes for 
12 Overseers of the Poor on Counting and sorting the Same it 
appeared that 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . 

John White Esq r . 

Edward Proctor Esq r . 

John Sweetser Esq r . 

Samuel Parkman Esq r . 

Jonathan L. Austin Esq r 

M r . Edward Edes 

Henry Hill Esq r . 

John Codman Jun r . Esq r . 

M r . William Smith 

William Phillips Jun r . Esq r . 

Stephen Goreham Esq r . 
Were chosen Overseers of the poor for The year Ensuing 



320 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[338.] The Votes being brought in Counted and Sorted for 
16 Firewards. it appeared 

That M r . Thomas Tileston 

John Winthrop Esq r . 

Thomas Melvill Esq r . 

Jabez Hatch Esq r . 

M r . Joseph Clarke 

Joseph Russell Jun r . Esq r . 

M r . Edward Edes 

Samuel Parkman Esq r . 

Amasa Davis Esq r . 

M r . Russell Sturgis 

Henry Jackson Esq r . 

Cap*. Muugo Mackay 

William Scollay Esq r . 

William Little Esq r . 

M r . James Tisdale 

Joseph May Esq r . 
Were chosen Fire wards for the Year Ensuing 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. 
To Choose A School Committee read. Whereupon 

Voted. That in Addition to the selectmen Twelve Persons shall 
Now be Chosen and the following Gentlemen were accordingly 
Chosen r . ballot Viz*. 



Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

Rev d . Samuel West 

Rev d . John Lothrop D.D. 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . 

Jonathan L. Austin Esq r . 
[339.] William Tudor Esq r . 

Doctor Thomas Welsh 

Doctor Nathaniel Appleton 

Rev d . John Clarke 

M r . William Smith 

Doctor Aaron Dexter 

George Richards Minot Esq r . Also 

Voted, That the Aforegoing Committee Who Conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are to be termed The School Committee be and 
hereby are directed to carry the New System of Education which 
has been Adopted by the Town into operation, And said Com- 
mittee are Also Authorized and impowered Conjunctly to Man- 
age and regulate the Officers and Government of the Schools and 
in future to Exercise all the Powers relating to the School and its 
Schoolmasters which the Selectmen And Such Committee are 
Authorized by the Laws of the Commonwealth or the Votes of 
This Town to Exercise Any former Votes of the Town Notwith- 
standing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1793. 321 

Votes, for A Treasurer for the County of Suffolk, brought in 
and Counted by the Moderator & The Town Clerk ; when it ap- 
peared that the whole Number was Three hundred and Three 
And that they were all for Thomas Craft Esq r . A discreet and 
Suitable person being a Freeholder & Resident in the Same 
County The Attested Copy thereof was given to Ezek 1 . Price 
Esq r . Clerk of the Sessions by Coll . Crafts 

[34O.] Voted, That the Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

Herman Brimmer Esq r . 
Joseph Russell Jun r . Esq r . 

Be, and hereby are appointed A Committee to Audit the Ac- 
compts of the Town Treasurer, and Also the accounts of the 
Selectmen, And Overseers of the Poor, And said Committee are 
directed to report the Sum Necessary to be raised for the Service 
of the Present Year 

Voted, That the Assessors be, and hereby are directed to set 
for such Abatements of Taxes, as they shall Judge reasonable, 
Two days in Each Week after the delivery of the Tax Books to 
the Collectors, for the Space of Six Weeks and no longer (Saving 
That they be allowed to Set The Last Week in February,) Lords 
days excepted for the abatement of the Taxes of Such Persons as 
had not the opportunity of Applying in the above Limited time 
by reason of Their being out of the Commonwealth or any Other 
Unavoidable hindrance, And That the Assessors themselves, 
Determine upon the said Two days, which is to be noted on the 
Tax bills to be delivered to The Inhabitants. 

Voted, That the Consideration of all Money matters be referred 
over Until the Next May Meeting 

[341.] Jirah Holbrooks Petition read, and After Debate 
It was moved and Voted that the Said Petitioner have Leave to 
withdraw his Petition 

M r . Joseph Russell was Chosen Town Treasurer for the Year 
Ensuing Unanimously, And the Oath of Office Administred to 
him by the Town Clerk 

Voted, That the Town Treasurer give Bond with Sureties, To 
the Satisfaction of the selectmen In the Penalty of Ten Thou- 
sand Pounds for the faithful Discharge of the Duties of his 
Office 

Mess- Benjamin White 

John Ballard 

Moses May 

Andrew Townsend 

William Todd 
Were Chosen Fence Viewers for the Year Ensuing ' 



322 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Mess- Thomas Bradley 
Nathan Green 
David Hollis 
Mathew Loring 
Were Chosen Sealers of Leather for [the] Year Ensuing 

The Gentlemen Selectmen 
Were Chosen Surveyors of Highways the Year Ensuing 

[342.] MessL 8 William McNeil 

Jeffrey Richardson 
Were Chosen Surveyors of Hemp the Year Ensuing 

M r . Adam Colson 
Was Chosen an Informer of Deer for the Year Ensuing 

Mess rs . Edward Jones 
Francis Booth 
Samuel Curtis 
Were Chosen Haywards for the Year Ensuing 

Mess rs . Joseph Egner 
Henry Davis 
Were Chosen Hogreeves for the Year Ensuing 

John Lucas Esq r . 
Edward Tuckerman Esq r . 
Were Chosen Surveyors of Wheat The Year Ensuing 

Mess rs . John Skinner 
Samuel Green 
Were Chosen Assay Masters the Year Ensuing 



John Ballard 
Benjamin Homans 
Jirah Holbrook 
William Cunningham 
Were Chosen Sealers of Wood for the Year Ensuing 

Vote, relative to referring the Choice of Collectors. Vote May 
meeting. Passed, and afterwards reconsidered, 

[343.] The Hon^i Caleb Davis Esq r . 

Thomas Russell Esq r . 

Were Chosen into the Office of Fire Wards for the Year Ensuing 
and having declined Serving 

Voted, That the Thanks of The Town be and hereby are Given 
to the Aforenamed Gentlemen for Their good Services as Fire- 
wards A Number of Years past 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1793. 323 

Votes, being brought in for Twelve Constables, It appeared 
That the following Persons were Chosen Viz* 

Mess^? Shubael Hews 

Benjamin Romans 
John Bosson 
John Cades 
John Butterfield 
Andrew Townsend 
Samuel White 
James Perkins 
David Lewis 
Thomas Stevenson 
Enoch May 
Robert Smallpeace 

Then the Town Adjourned to 3. O' Clock P : M : 

[344.] At 3 O'Clock P : M : Town Met According to the 
Adjournment 

The dangerous Attack on Saturday night Last, On the Safety 
of the Town, together with the Measures taken by the Gentlemen 
Selectmen on the Occasion, having been represented in the Meet- 
ing it was Moved and Voted, That Thomas Crafts Esq r 

Cap*. James Prince 
Cap*. Russell Sturgis 
John Andrews Esq r . 
Amasa Davis Esq r . 

Be A Committee To take up this matter and report As Soon as 
may be, A Proper Vote or Votes to be passed by the Town on 
this Occasion 

Votes, being brought in for Five Assessors It Appeared, That 
the following Persons were Chosen Assessors for the Year Ensu- 
ing Viz*. 

Mess 1 *. William Lowder 

Gyles Harris Esq r . 
Caleb Blanchard 
Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 
John R. Sigorney 



Mess 18 . John Champney 
Joshua Bentley 
Samuel Dyer 
Benjamin Page 
[345.] James Rogers 

Abraham Hay ward 
Benjamin White 



324 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Daniel Ingersoll 
James Robbins 
Edmund Ranger 
James Blake 
John Cogswell 
Were Chosen Surveyors of Boards for the Year Ensuing 



^ James Perkins 
William Payne 
Thomas Crafts Jun r . 
James Cutler 
Edward Blake 
Edward Gushing 
John Webb Checkley 
William Jarvis 
Thomas Amory Jun r . 
John Gardner 
John Lothrop Jun r . 
John Fox 
Were Chosen Clerks of the Market for the Year Ensuing 

The Committee relative to the Enormity of Saturday Night 
Last Reported, Whereupon the following Votes were Passed, 
unanimously as Reported by the Committee Viz 1 . 

Whereas. On Saturday Evening Last, Several of the Towns 
Fire Engines received Considerable [846.] Damage by Some 
Lawless Villain or Villians Unknown^; And other Daring and 
Dangerous Enormities were Committed against The Peace and 
Safety of the Inhabitants, And Whereas the selectmen have 
given Publick information, That they would pay The Sum of Two 
Hundred Dollars, to Any Person or Persons who Should Discover 
and lead to Conviction, The Author or Authors of such daring 
Outrages. 

Voted, That the Town highly Approve, and Adopt The Con- 
duct of their Selectmen in this Respect ; and, That the Town- 
Treasurer be, and he is hereby Order'd to pay Said Sum of Two 
hundred Dollars, whenever the Selectmen shall Issue their War- 
rant Therefor, And further, in order to discover the Author 
or Authors of such Villainy, it is Voted, That the Constables 
Imediately Divide themselves into Classes, and Visit the Several 
Publick Houses within the Town to know what Company Was 
there on Saturday Evening Last, and the Time, and Their 
behaviour, when they left the same, and in case they have any 
reasonable Suspicion of any Person or Persons, that they give 
Notice to the Selectmen, in Order that an Enquiry and Prosecu- 
tion may be Commenced against them : And as an Inducement 
to the Several Constables to be diligent in their Duty, it is 
[347.] Voted, That the Constable or Constables, who shall 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1793. 325 

Discover, So as to lead to a Conviction of the Offender or 
Offenders, He, or they, shall be entitled to Fifty Dollars, to be 
paid by a draft from the Selectmen, on the Town Treasurer; 
And to Prevent a Repetition of Such Lawless Conduct in future, 
it is Voted, That the Representatives of the Town be imme- 
diately requested to use their Influence in the General Court, 
that a Law may be made, inflicting a severe punishment on any 
Person or Persons, who shall wickedly or wantonly destroy, or 
Damage any of The Town Engines, Pumps, or Publick 
Ladders. 

Voted, That the foregoing Votes be published. 

Mees- Henry Purkitt 
Joseph Loring 
William Parkman 
Edward Burt 
George Singleton 
Joseph Basset 
Thomas Barber 
Thomas Foster 
Jonathan Gushing 
Lemuel Gardner 
John Bray 
Hezekiah Hudson 
James Barry 

[348.] Adjourned to Monday 8 th . day April 10. O'Clock 
A:M: 

At a Meeting of the male inhabitants of The Town of Boston 
of 21 Years of age and upwards Qualified as the Constitution 
Prescribes, and Legally Warned in Public Town Meeting Assem- 
bled at Faneuil Hall on Monday The first day of April Anno 
Dom 1 . 1793- 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . West 
Warrant for Calling the Meeting - - Read 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or Frame of Goverment relative 
to the Choice of Governor, Lieu*. Governor and Senators 
read 

It was then declared by the Selectmen 

That no Votes would be received but Such as are Unfolded ; and 
That they Propose the Poll shall be Closed at half past 12 
O'Clock. The Votes to be received at the Table and the Bells 
begin their Tolling at 12 O'Clock. 

Persons Voted for as Governor w th . the N. of Votes for Each 
Person 



326 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Votes 

His Excellency John Hancock Esq r . 1124 

Hon ble . Elbridge Gerry Esq r . - - - - 34 
Hon ble . Francis Dana Esq r . ----- 15 
Harrison Gray Otis Esq r . ----- 1 

M r . Benjamin Adams - 2 

[349.] Persons Voted for as Lieu*. Governor with The 
Number of Votes for Each Person Viz 1 . 

Votes 

His Honor Samuel Adams Esq r . - 1171 

Hon^S Thomas Russell Esq r . - 5 

Hou^l? James Sullivan Esq r . 1 

^S Benjamin Lincoln Esq r . 1 

James Bowdoin Esq r . 1 

M r . Joseph Lillie 1 



Persons Voted for as Senators for the County of Suffolk 


, with 


the Number of Votes for each Person 










Votes 


Hon^f Thomas Dawes 


Esq r . - - - 


1150 


Hon51? Stephen Metcalf 


Esq r . - - - 


1192 


Honl Benjamin Austin 


Jun r . - - - 


679 


Hon?^ William Heath 


Esq r . - - - 


336 


Hon^ Oliver Wendell 


Esq r . - - - 


1183 


James Bowdoin 


Esq r . - - - 


577 


Hon b -l Thomas Russell 


Esq r . - - - 


61 


Hon^ Cotton Tuffts - - - 


Esq r . - - - 


508 


John Read - - - - 


Esq r . - - - 


846 


Ebenezer Thayer Ju r . 


Esq r . - - - 


512 


Ebenezer Warren - - 


Esq r . - - - 


16 


Ebenezer Thayer - 





58 


Charles Jarvis - 


Esq r : - - - 


2 


Hon5 Stephen Higginson 


Esq r . - - - 


6 


Hon^ William Phillips 


Esq r . - - - 


5 


[35O.] HonSli John Coffin Jones 


Esq r . - - - 


1 


William Eustis - 


Esq r . - - - 


1 


Hon^ Caleb Davis - - - - 


Esq r . - - - 


2 


Jonathan Mason - - 


Esq r . - - - 


2 


Honl2l5 Azor Orne - - 


Esq r . - - - 


1 



Attested Copies of The Persons Voted for As Governor, Lieu*. 
Governor and Senators for the County of Suffolk, were Com- 
mitted to the Secretary of This Commonwealth and the Inclosures 
Sealed up in The Town Meeting, Superscribed as follows Viz*. 
For 

John Avery Esq r . 

Secretary of The Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1793. 327 

The Number of Votes of The Town of Boston for A Governor, 
Lieu*. Governor and Six Senators for the County of Suffolk. 
Certified within and Sealed up in the Town Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



[351.] At A Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston Qualified to Vote for Representatives 
to the General Court of this Commonwealth Legally Warned in 
Public Town meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall. On Monday the 
first day of April Anno Domini 1793. 3 O'Clock P : M : 

Wan-ant for Calling the meeting - - read 

Precept from the Supreme Executive for the choice of One 
Representative for the Congress of the United States for the first 
district of this Commonwealth read, and it was then declared by 
the Selectmen that the Poll would be closed at 6 O'Clock, That 
the Votes be received at the Table Unfolded and the Bells to 
begin tolling half past 5. O'Clock 

Persons Voted for as one Representative to Represent The 
first District Viz*. Suffolk. Essex and Middlesex in the Congress 
of the United States, all of whom are Inhabitants of one or other 
of said Counties Viz*. 

Hon ble . Samuel Hoi ton 566 

Hon ble . Benj a . Austin Jun r . 770 

James Bowdoin Esq r . ----- 1 

An Attested Copy of the Persons Voted for as A Representa- 
tive to represent the first District Viz*. Suffolk Essex and Mid- 
dlesex in the [352.] Congress of the United States, were 
Committed to the Secretary of this Commonwealth and the Return 
Sealed up in the Town Meeting Superscribed as follows Viz*. 

For John Avery Esq r . 

Secretary of the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts 

List of Votes for one Representative to Represent the First 
District Viz*. Suffolk, Essex and Middlesex from the Town of 
Boston in the Said District 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



[353.] Monday, April 8 th . 1793. 10-O'Clock in the Fore- 
noon ; Met According to Adjournment of March meeting 



328 CITY DOCUMENT. 

M r . George Cammell was Chosen A Hogreave for the Year 
Ensuing 

M r . Edward Wild was Chosen A Sealer of Wood for the Year 
Ensuing 

M r . Job Wheelwright was Chosen A Culler of Hoops &c. for 
the Year Ensuing 

M r . Samuel Hewes was Chosen A Clerk of the Market for the 
Year Ensuing 

The Selectmen Laid before the Town A Letter from Mr. 
[blank] of Rotterdam together with A Pamphlet Containing 
Prescriptions for Mitigating the Malignity of the Small Pox, 
whereupon Voted, That the Selectmen be A Committee to make 
reply to said Letter and To Convey the Compliments of the 
Town, for his benevolence in Communicating said Prescriptions. 

Voted, That all matters and things w?5 remained unfinished 
be referred over to the Next General Town meeting in May 

Next 

Voted That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to the Hon 1 . Thomas Dawes Esq r . for his good Services as Mod- 
erator 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



[354.] At A meeting of the freeholders and Other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly Qualified and Legally Warned 
in Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednes- 
day the 24*^ day of April. Anno Domini 1793 at 10. O'Clock 



Warrant for calling the meeting read 

Honlil^ Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Chosen Moderator by A hand Vote 

The Inhabitants required to bring in their Votes for five 
Assessors ; the Poll to be Closed at 1. O'Clock A : M : 

On Motion Voted, that 

The IIon ble . Benjamin Austin Jun r . Esq r . 
^l Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
William Tudor Esq r . 
Thomas Edwards Esq r . 
Thomas Walley Esq r . 
Henry Hill Esq r . 
M r . John Kneeland 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1793. 329 

Be A Committee to Consider and report at the Adjournment the 
best mode for the Collecting of the Town Taxes 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. To Consider what measures 
shall be taken for the more Effectual Security of The Town by 
Night read [355.] Whereupon Voted, That the article be 
referred to The Selectmen, they to Act thereon as they shall Judge 
best : for the regulation of the Watch and Security of the Town, 
by the Addition of men, or any New Arrangement of the Watch. - - 

Votes being brought in for Five 
Assessors It appeared That 

Gyles Harris Esq r . 

M r . William Lowder 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 

John R. Sigorney Esq r . 

M r . Caleb Blanchard 
Were Chosen Assessors for the Year Ensuing 

Adjourned to Monday Next being the 29*5 Instant at 10 O'Clock. 
A : M : - 

Monday April 29*5 1793. 10-O'CJock A : M. Town Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

The Committee to Consider the mode of Collecting the Town 
Taxes, Report as their Opinion, That The Mode for Collecting 
the Town Taxes be continued as usual untill Some Measures are 
Adopted for the Regulating the Town in its County Capacity 

Benj a Austin J r ^ r order 

This Report being read The Question was Put Viz* 
whether the Same shall be accepted. Passed in the Affirmative 

[356.] Votes, being brought in for Four Collectors of Taxes. 
It appeared that 

Mess". Benjamin Henderson 
Thomas Bay ley 
James Thompson 
Benjamin Jepson 
Were Chosen Collectors of Taxes for the Year Ensuing 

On Motion Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to 
The HonSlS Thomas Dawes for his good Services as Moderator 

Then the Meeting was 
^Dissolved 



At A Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified and Legally Warned in Public 



330 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall, On Wednesday the 
8 th . day of May. Anno Domini 1793. 10. O'Clock A : M 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . Doct r . Belknap 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

[357.] That part of the Constitution or Frame of Gover- 
ment which relates to the Choice of Representatives, read 

Sundry Laws to be read at Said Meeting were accordingly 
read 

The Town having determined by Vote for to Choose Several 
Persons to represent them in the General Court of Massachusets 
to be held in the State house in Boston, On the Last Wednesday 
in May current, agreeably to the Constitution or frame of Gover- 
ment for the Massachusets 

The Inhabitants were directed by the selectmen to withdraw 
and bring in their Votes for Seven representatives, and then it 
was declared by the Selectmen That no Votes would be received 
but such as are unfolded and that they intend the Poll shall be 
closed at half past 12-0'Clock the Bell to toll A Little before 
that time 

The Votes being brought in for Seven representatives the 
Number of the Same were found to be 337 and upon sorting 
them it Appeared, That the Seven following Gentlemen [358.] 
Obtained A Majority of Votes Viz 1 . 

Votes 

William Tudor Esq r . 324 

Charles Jarvis - Esq r . 325 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . 303 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . 336 

William Eustis Esq r . 335 

Joseph Blake Esq r . 300 

Thomas Edwards ----- Esq r . 292 

Declaration was Then made by the Selectmen of the Town, That 
the Seven aforenamed Gentlemen Were Chosen representatives by 
A Majority of Votes 

The Meeting was then Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P : M : 

At 3. O'Clock P: M : The Town Met According To Adjourn- 
ment 

The choice of Representatives being over it was moved and 
Voted, That the Town will now come to the choice of A Modera- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1793. 331 

tor by A hand Vote to Transact the other business mentioned in 
the Warrant 

The Hon5 Thomas Dawes Esqf 
Was Chosen Moderator accordingly 

The Committee to Audit the Town Treasurers Acco- had leave 
to report at the Adjournment of this meeting 

[359.] Cap*. Roger Bartlet 

Cap*. Joseph Doble 
Were Chosen Cullers of Dry fish for the Ensuing Year 

The Petition relative to the Pulling down of The Towns Shop 
Opposite to Concert Hall was read and Considered, when the 
Petitioners had Leave to withdraw their^ Petition 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*, whether any Measures shall 
be taken for the Preservation of the Dam on the East side of the 
Neck read 

Whereupon Voted, That the 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Thomas Craft Esq r . 

M r . Ebenezer Seaver 

Deacon Boardman 

Coll . William Scollay 

M r . William Little 

Thomas Walley Esq r . 

Be A Committee to Consider this Article and report Their opinion 
thereon at the Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant relative to Continuing Lighting the 
Lamps read, and after some debate 

Voted, That the lighting the Lamps be discontinued until the 
Last day of September Next 

[36O.] The Article in the Warrant Viz*. Whether any, 
and what measures shall be taken for the Speedy Collection of 
the Arrears due on the Taxes for the Years 1791 & 1792 read 
Whereupon Voted, That the 

Hon^e Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

M r . Herman Brimmer 

Joseph Russell Ju r . Esq r . 

Be A Committee to Consider this matter and to report at the 
Adjournment 

Adjourned to Friday the 24 th day of May Instant at 10. 
O'Clock in the Forenoon 

Friday the 24 th . day of May Instant the Town Met according 
to Adjournment 



332 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Committee appointed to take into Consideration the Article 
in the Warrant Viz*. Whether any measures shall be taken for 
the Prevention of the Dam on the East side of the Neck, having 
Attended that Service and ask leave to report as follows - - Viz*. 

That the Gentlemen Selectmen be requested to take such 
measures for the Speedy repairing the Dam on the East side of 
the Neck, as to them shall [361.] Appear most for the Interest 
of the Town. The Sum not to Exceed Three Hundred Pounds; 
and also that they see the Contract on the part of the Lessees on 
Each side of the Neck fully Adhered to 

Tho 8 . Dawes ^ r . order. 

The aforegoing report having been read and Considered The 
Question was put Viz*. Whether the Same shall be Accepted; 
Pass'd in the Affirmative 

The Committee on that Article in the Warrant Viz*. Whether 
any or what measures shall be taken for the Speedy Collection of 
Arrears due on the Taxes for 1791 & 1792. 

Reported ; and after debate the Question being put, Whether 
said report shall be accepted, and it passed in the Negative 

Then the Town Adjourned to 4. O'Clock P : M : 
At 4 O'Clock P : Met according to Adjournment 

On Motion Voted. That the 

Hon? James Sullivan Esq r . 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . 
Hon^ Benj a . Austin Ju r . Esq r . 
Judge Tudor 
Joseph Blake Ju r . Esq r . 
M r . Treasurer Russell 
Doctor Welch 

be A Com*!L To take up at large the Article in the Warrant rela- 
tive to Arrears, due on Taxes & Report thereon Next Town 
Meeting 

[362.] The Committee to Audit Town Treasurers Accounts 
& Reported whereupon it was moved and 

Voted, The Consideration of this report and any other matters 
unfinished at this meeting be referred over to the Next Town 
Meeting 

Voted, That the thanks of The Town be given to the Honora- 
ble Thomas Dawes Esq r . for his good Services as Moderator 

Then the meeting was 
Dissolved 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1793. 333 

At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, on Friday the 24 th day of May Anno Domini 
1793 11. O'Clock A: M: duly qualified and Legally Warned 
in Public Town meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall 

Warrant for calling the meeting read 

The article in the Warrant Viz*. To Consider the application 
of the Proprietors of West Boston bridge, That the high way 
leading from said bridge into Town may be put into such repair 
as to make it convenient f(Jr Passing & repassing was read, 
and also said Application 

[363.] Voted, That the Gentlemen the Selectmen be A Com- 
mittee to Consider on this matter and report thereon at the 
Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. Whether it will not be 
Expedient for the Town for to Instruct its Representatives to 
have the Excise Laws on Wheel Carriages and Licenses for 
Taverns, retail Houses &c to be repealed or Modified, That the 
Profits arising therefrom Be in future appropriated to the re- 
pairing the Streets and high ways of the Towns in which they 
are Collected Also, and Whether the Law for the Valuation of 
Estates passed in the Last Session of the Legislature & c . ought 
not to be so Varied That the Sum Doom'd against any Town on 
account of any Inhabitants who have Since removed, Should not 
be set off to those Towns in which they Now reside As no Tax 
has been yet laid by Virtue of This Valuation were read 
Whereupon 

Voted, That the 

Honi^ James Sullivan Esq r . 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . 

Hon? Benjamin Austin Jun r . Esq r . 

Judge Tudor Esq r . 

Joseph Blake Jun r . Esq r . 

M r . Treasurer Russell & 

Doctor Welch 

[364.] Be A Committee to take these Articles into Con- 
sideration, and to report thereon at the Adjournment of this 
meeting 

Adjourned to Friday Next being the 31- day of May Instant, 
at 10 O'Clock A : M : - 

Friday May 31 st . 1793 10 O'Clock A:M: Town Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

Coll- Dawes the Moderator of the meeting not being able to 
Leave the Senate 



334 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



Thomas Craft Esq r . was Chosen the Moderator Pro. tempore 

The Committee relative to Arrears due on -Taxes Report as 
follows Viz*. 

At a meeting of the Committee appointed by the Town On 
Friday the 24 th . day of May, Ins*, to consider what measures 
will be proper for the Town to take for the Speedy Collection of 
the Taxes for J791 & 1792. It was moved and 

Voted, That the Town Treasurer be A Committee to Apply to 
the Several Collectors of Taxes and obtain from them A List of 
the names of such Persons as have refused to pay their Taxes, 
And then that he apply to the respective Persons whose Names 
may be on Such List, to know the ground [365.] of their refusal, 
and what abatement they are desirous to have made, And report 
to the Committee 

In Compliance with the above Vote. The Town Treasurer Im- 
mediately Applied to the Collectors and Obtained froiri them the 
Names of the following Persons who had refused Payment as 
aforesaid, with the Sums they were respectively Assessed, to- 
gether with the abatements already made them by the Assessors 
Viz*. William Phillips Sen r . 

For 1791 Tax 756 ,, 2 ,, 5 
1792 ditto 353 ,, 13 , 2 



William Phillips Jun r . 



For 1791 Tax 



149 



Abated 182 ,, 



18 5 



1792 ditto 82 ,, 17 ,, 4 



Abated 17 ,, 10 



Joseph Barrell 

For 1791 Tax 317 ,, 4 ,, 5 
1792 ditto 155 ,, 5 ,, 8 



Abated 35 ,, 



Samuel Breck 

For 1791 Tax 309 ,, 12 ,, 10 
1792 ditto 150 ,, 14 ,, 4 



Abated 21 



Theodore Lyman 

For 1791 Tax 120 ,, 10 ,, 5 
1792 ditto 50 1 ,, 10 



Abated 10 ,,10 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1793. 335 

John Codmaii 

For 1791 Tax - 125 ,, 12 ,, - 
1792 ditto 77 , 3 ,, 



Abated 11 ,, 10 

The Town Treasurer having obtained the foregoing List [366.] 
in further compliance with the above vote of the Committee, 
waited on the respective Gentlemen therein Named, and in- 
formed them of the business whereto he was appointed, Observ- 
ing to them Individually the unhappy situation of the Treasury, 
being. totally Exhausted of money, and the only Source Left of 
A Supply was from the Taxes outstanding, of how much Impor- 
tance it would be to the Town by Discharging their Tax bills 
That if they felt themselves Overburdened with the weight of 
their Tax, It would be the wish of the Committee That they 
should be relieved, and that if they would name any Particular 
Sum as A reasonable Abatement, The Committee would report to 
the Town, and Urge A Compliance with their Wishes, by passing 
A Vote Authorizing the Assessors to make such abatements as 
would be most conducive to the Interest and Safety Of the 
Town 

The Answers the Treasurer, upon the Applications as above 
received were as follows Viz*. 

M r . William Phillips Jun r . said he had paid his Taxes with 
Chearfulness. That he was willing to Pay A reasonable Tax, but 
the Tax of 1791 Assessed on him was Cruel, and that he had 
Never denied Payment, but Expected an abatement, but did not 
Name any Sum, M r . Theodore Lyman mentioned as the ground 
of his not [367.] paying his Tax, that it was unjustly Assessed 
on him in his Opinion, and that he had reported his Property to 
the Assessors 1790, and in Consequence thereof, that he was 
Assessed in that Year 24 That in 1791, Although he had made 
Very Little Addition thereto, he was Assessed 120 ,, 18 ,, 5 
Which he Considered unreasonable, That he had Often applied to 
the Assessors for relief but Could obtain but A Trifling Abate- 
ment, 

M r . John Codman said he thought himself greatly Over taxed 
for the Year 1791. That if the Assessors Would take off 25 - 
from that Tax, he would pay the Ballance immediately, Otherwise 
he would not pay the Tax Unless he was Obliged to. 

Mr. Samuel Breck Jun r . informed, that he had Sometime Since 
received Letters from his Father Not to pay his Tax, but that he 
had Very Lately received Letters from him to Pay his Taxes for 
1791 & 1792, Provided the Assessors would take off 15 ^ r . 
Cent 

William Phillips Sen r . said he had no proposition to make, 
That he had no favour to ask of the Town, That he thought 
himself cruelly treated, That if the Collectors insisted on his Pay- 
ing his Tax as it now stood, he should Comply on his Signing A 
certain receipt, the form of which he had given Lately to the 



336 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Collector, That if the Committee should [368.] Report to the 
Town giving Authority to the Assessors 'to make any abatements 
on his Tax, he would Consider them but said at the same time he 
did not feel himself at all Obliged for the abatement already 
made 

M r . Joseph Barrell said he should not Pay a farthing more than 
what could be recovered by Law of Either 1791 or 1792. And 
Looked on the abatement made him by the Assessors to be an 
Insult The above being the Names of all the Persons who had 
refused Payment of Taxes, by the returnes of the Several Collec- 
tors, and the facts Stated aboue, are the reasons and Grounds 
they gave for non Payment, which is most respectfully Submitted 
to the Committee for their Consideration 

Joseph Russell 
Sub. Committee to the General Committee 

The aboue report being refered to the General Committee at 
their Adjournment on Thursday the 30 th of May Ins 1 , was then 
and there unanimously Accepted 

Whereupon, it was resolved, That the Collectors be Impowered 
and directed forthwith to distrain upon the Persons thus refusing 
to discharge their Tax bills and That the Town will indemnify 
the Collectors from any Damages that may Arise from such dis- 
treining and Collections, All which is most respectfully sub- 
mitted 

Benjamin Austin Jun r ^ r . order 

The Aforegoing report having been Considered the question was 
put Viz*, whether it shall be accepted Passed in the Affirma- 
tive 

[369.] The Committee relative to Excise Laws on Carriages 
and reported Whereupon, Voted, That the representatives of 
the Town of Boston be and they are hereby Instructed to use 
their Influence at the Present Session of the General Court, to 
have the Excise Laws on Wheel Carriages repealed or so Modified 
that the revenue 'arising therefrom be in future appropriated to 
repairing the Streets or high ways of the Towns in which they are 
Collected 

The Committee appointed on the application of the Proprie- 
tors of the West Boston Bridge for repairs of the High ways 
leading from said Bridge into this Town beg leave to report 

That they have Attended the Service and are of Opinion That 
the road leading from said bridge As far as Carnes buildings so 
called be laid out Fiftey feet wide. That the Same be repaired 
by raising the Road and grading the Same as far as Said Build- 
ings. That the Hill from Temple Street to Said buildings be 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1793. 337 

lowered by Ploughing the same So as to make an Easy descent to 
the bridge, That there be A Paved Gutter of Nine feet wide from 
the Top of the Hill to the House called Simonds House 

By an Estimate of the Expence that will Attend Compleating 
the aboue it is computed [37O.] That the Sum of Eight hundred 
& forty seven pounds, Ten Shillings will be Necessary your 
Committee further report That the Sum of Two hundred pounds be 
paid toward defraying the Same, upon the works being Completed 
to the Satisfaction of the Town, or any Committee they may ap- 
point for that purpose Ezekiel Price Chairman ^ r . order 

The Aforegoing Report having been read and Considered The 
Question was Put Viz 4 . Whether the Same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affirmative And the Same Committee are to 
carry The report into Execution 

Adjourned to Friday being the 7 th . day of June Next, at 3. 
O'Clock P. M : 

On Friday the 7 th . day of June The Town Met 3. O'Clock 
P. M. according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to Audit the accounts of the Town 
Treasurer and examine the draughts of the Selectmen, and Over- 
seers of the Poor, and having Attended that Service Report 

That the Treasurers accounts are right cast and are well Vouched, 
And find by his account now Exhibited A balance in favour of 
The Town of 12280 ,, 15 11^ from which they Conceive A 
deduction will be made Viz*. 

* 
[371.] Bad Debts Say 1300 ,, 

Collectors Premium 450 ,, 



Towns Powder - - 312 ,, 11 
Abatement on 1792 Tax - 600 ,, 



2662 ,, 11 ,, 8 
Real balance Suppose 9618 ,, 4 ,, 3% 

The aboue Statement is as the Account Stood The first of 
March 1793. The Committee would therefore Advise to A Tax 
of 9000 for the Expences of the Present Year which is Sub- 
mitted 

Thomas Dawes ^ r . ord r . 

Boston May 24 th . 1793 

The aforegoing Report with the Papers Accompanying the 
Same having been read and Considered by the Town, The Ques- 
tion was put for its acceptance and Obtained 



338 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Voted, That Nine Thousand Pounds be raised by A Tax 
Assessed on the Polls and Estates of the Inhabitants of the 
Town, to defray the Expences of the Current Year 

Voted, That the Sum of Two hundred Pounds be Allowed and 
Paid to Joseph Russell for his Services as Town Treasurer, the 
Present Year, the Same to be paid him in Quarterly Payments as 
it shall become due to Commence the first of March last 

[372.] Voted, That the Sum of One hundred and fifty 
Pounds be allowed and Paid to William Cooper for his Services 
as Town Clerk, the Present Year, The Same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due and to Commence the 1 s *. day of 
March last 

Voted, That in Consideration of the rise of Provisions. The 
Assessors be and hereby are Allowed the Sum of 130 Each 
for their Services As Assessors the Present Year the same to be 
paid them Quarterly as it shall become due and to Commence the 
first day of March last. 

Voted, That Five per Cent be and hereby is Allowed to the 
Collectors of Taxes for the Year Ensuing for all such Sums of 
money & Public Securities As they shall Collect and pay in to the 
Several Treasurers, of the Sums Committed to. them to Collect. 
Also That such Collectors shall give Bond with Sufficient Securi- 
ties to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful discharge 
of their duty in Said Office and Complying with this Vote, And 
that they will not receive any Premium or gratuity for discounting 
any order, notes, or receipts, from the Treasurer of this State, 
or the Treasurer of this Town 

[373.] On Motion Voted, That the Assessors be Authorized 
To Attend the Committee of the Legislature on the Tax Act, And 
do their utmost Endeavors That the future Tax Acts be so 
worded and formed that the Proportion of Assessing the Polls 
and Estates of the Inhabitants on their Town and County Taxes 
may be Explicit & Clear 

Voted, That all matters and things That remain Unfinished at 
this meeting be referred over to the next general meeting to be 
called 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given unto the Honor- 
able Thomas Dawes and Coll Crafts, for their good Services as 
Moderators of this Meeting - 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1793. 339 

[374.] At A Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legaly warned 
in Public Town meeting, Assembled at Faneuil Hall On Thurs- 
day the 4 th . day of July Anno Domini 1793. 9. O'Clock. A : M : 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting 

William Cooper 
Was Chosen Moderator by A hand Vote. 

The Committee appointed the last Year to make choice of A 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on The Anniversary of Indepen- 
dence Reported 

That they had made Choice of John Quincy Adams Esq r ., who 
has Accepted 

on motion Voted, That the Oration be delivered at the Old 
South Church. 12 O'Clock Liberty therefor being Obtained 

Voted, That the Selectmen Acquaint M r . Adams with this 
Vote 

The meeting was then Adjourned to meet at the Old South 
Church, at 12. O'Clock this day 

AN ORATION 

To Commemorate the Independence of the United States was 
delivered by John Quincy Adams Esq r . at the Old Brick Church 

[375.] On motion Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby 
are appointed A Committee to wait on John Quincy Adams Esq r . 
And in the Name of the Town to Thank him for the Spirited and 
Elegont Oration this day delivered by him at the request of the 
Town, upon the Anniversary of the Independence of the United 
States of America in Which according to the Institution of the 
Town, He Considered the feelings, manners and Principles which 
Led to that great National Event, and to Request of him A Copy 
thereof -for the Press 

Voted, That the Gentlemen the Selectmen be and hereby are 
appointed A Committee to apply to Some one Learned and able 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration On the 4 th of July Anno 
Domini 1794. That day being the Anniversary of the Inde- 
pendence of the United States of America ; Wherein the Orator 
is to Consider the feelings, manners, and Principles which led to 
this great National Event ; as well as the important and happy 
Effects Whether General or domestic, which have Already and 
will forever Continue to flow from that Auspicious Epoch 

Then the meeting was 
Dissolved 



340 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[376.] At A meeting of the Freeholders and others, the 
Inhabitants of The Town of Boston duly qualified and legally 
warned in Public Town meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall the 
26 th . day of July Anno Domini 1793. 10. O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for Calling the meeting read 

Honorable Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Was Chosen Moderator of the meeting by A hand Vote 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz*. To Enquire into the truth 
or Falsity of an Assertion in the Centinel this day that it was 
generally known That within Two or three days Privateers had 
been fitted out, Armed and Sailed from this Port. That others 
were now fitting out, Some manned and to be manned Partly 
by frenchmen, and Partly by the Citizens of the United States. 
Such Assertions having A direct tendency to Authorize Reports 
& Conclusions Very much to the disadvantage, not only of this 
Town at Large, but to the Country in General was read 

Also the Centinel of Wednesday Last which Contains the 
Exceptionable Article. And after a full debate thereon, The fol- 
lowing resolve was Past in A Very full Town Meeting Viz 1 . 

Whereas it has been published in the Centinel [377.] Of 
the 24 th . Instant That it was Asserted in A Merchants Meeting 
That it was Generally known by the Inhabitants of the Town, 
That within Two or three days from that time Privateers had 
been fitted out Armed and had Sailed from this Port, that others 
were now fitting Out, Some manned & to be manned Partly by 
Frenchmen and partly by Citizens of the United States ; and 
Whereas the inhabitants of this Town feel their reputation con- 
cerned in said Publication. They hereby do Declare in Town 
meeting Legally Assembled, That there was no Just foundation 
for the Assertions ; but that the disposition of the Citizens of 
Boston is Entirely in favour of Observing the rules of A Strict 
neutrality respecting the powers at War in Europe 

Then the meeting was 
Dissolved 



[378.] At A meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
Public Town meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday The 
26 th day of August Anno Domini 1793. 3. O'Clock P : M : 

Warrant for calling the meeting read 

Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
was Chosen Moderator of the meeting by A hand Vote. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1793. 341 

The Selectmen having as the Law directs, laid before the in- 
habitants, Lists of the Persons of good Moral Character and such 
as they Judged well qualified to serve as Jurors ; The Town then 
Proceeded to Examine said Lists, and Selected one Quarter part 
of The number being such as they Judged best qualified to Serve 
at the Supreme Judicial Court and their names being written on 
Separate pieces of Paper were put into one of the boxes, to be 
liable to be drawn out to Serve on the Petit Jury at the Supreme 
Judicial Court, and the remainder of said List, the Names being 
written On Separate papers were put into the other box Provided 
by the Selectmen to Serve on the Petit Jury at The Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, and General Sessions of the Peace, all being Done in 
[379.] Town Meeting and Strictly conformable to the Act 
Entitled an act for the regulating the choice and Services of 
the Petit Jurors. Passed the 16 th . June 1784 

Article relative to nuisances read 

Whereupon Voted, That this article be referred to A Committee 
to consider this matter at large and That the Selectmen, Coll 
Dawes and D r . Eustis be A Committee for the Purpose to report 
thereon as soon as soon as may be. 

Then the meeting was 
Dissolved 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston Assembled At Faneuil Hall the 11 th . day of 
September Anno Domini 1793. 

Warrant for calling the meeting read 

Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Was Chosen moderator By A hand Vote, 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. 

On Application of Abutters On Lynn Street at the [38O.] 
North part of the town to consider what measures to indemnify 
them for Land laid out into the Street Sometime Since for the 
Purpose of Widening the Same" was read and Considered 
Whereupon the Town 

Voted, That M r . Graham be Assured Lynn Street shall be 
Valued by three indifferent men on oath, and be paid the Same 
agreeable to the said Award, also 

Voted, That the Selectmen be requested to appoint Three In- 
different Persons agreeable to Law, to Value the said Lands of 
abutters On Lynn Street, taken in by the Town in consequence 
of Widening the Same and make report of their doings at the 
Adjournment of the meeting 



842 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Adjourned to Monday fortnight being the 30*-^ September 
instant 10. O 'Clock A : 5l : 

Monday 10. O'Clock A : M : The Town Met according to 
Adjournment 

The Committee relative to Lynn Street Not having been able 
to report by reason of their attention being Engaged, in using 
Precautions to Prevent the introduction of ihe malignant disorder 
at Philadelphia It was moved & Voted That this meeting be 
Adjourned to Monday Next the 7 th . day of October Next at 10 
O'Clock A : M : 

[381.] Monday the 7 th . day of October, 10 O'Clock A : M : 
The Town Met - 

The Committee relative to Lynn Street Reported Verbally and 
had Leave to report again 

Adjourned to monday the 21 st . Instant 
Monday 21 st . Octo r . 10 O'Clock A : M : - 
Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to have the Lands of the abutters on 
Lynn Street Valued (taken by the Town in Consequence of 
Widening the Same) having attended that Service; and having 
Appointed three Indifferent Persons, Agreeable to A Vote of the 
Town to apprize and Value the Same, who having reported to us, 
there doings thereon, we now lay the Same before the Town for 
their Consideration 

William Boardman Chairman ^p r . ord r . 

The aforegoing report together with the Return made by the 
Committee having been read and Considered. The Question was 
put. whether the same shall be Accepted. Passed in the Affir- 
mative 

At A meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston in Public Town meeting Assembled at Faneuil 
Hall on Friday the 4 th . day of October A. D. 1793, at 10 O'Clock 

[382.] Warrant for calling the meeting read 

Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator by A hand Vote 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. To Consider the propriety 
of Appointing one or more Persons, in each Ward in the Town, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1793. 343 

to Assist the Selectmen in the duty lately incumbent on them 
relating to the infectious distemper Prevalent in Philadelphia, 
and to take such other measures respecting the Same as they 
may Judge Necessary was read, and Considered, and the follow- 
ing Votes thereon Passed Viz*. 

While we lament the Present unhappy & distressed Situation of 
our brethren in the City of Philadelphia, Yet the Preservation of 
our Own Lives and health, requires that every Exertion should 
be made to Prevent the introduction of the Contagious disease 
Now Prevailing in that City Therefore Voted, That the 
Town highly pprove of the Regulations Adopted by the Gen- 
tlemen the Selectmen to Prevent the Introduction of the said 
Disease 

Voted, That the Town will cheerfully Support the Selectmen 
In Carrying their regulations into the fullest effect, by their 
Personal Assistance whenever thereto required. 



Voted, That any Expences that may necessarily Arise 
in the Prosecution of the important trust of Preserving the in- 
habitants from the disease shall be cheerfully discharged 

Voted, That the Selectmen be desired to apply to the inhabi- 
tants for their removing the Filth of their Yards, and back 
Places into the Streets in order for its being Carried off at the 
expence of the Town 

Adjourned, to Monday the 7 th . Instant At, 10 O'Clock, 
A : M : - 

On October 7 th , 10 O'Clock A : M : The Town Met, Accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

on motion Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given tc 
Judge Crafts for his exertions and good Services as Moderator of 
this Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



[384.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston in Public Town Meeting Assembled 
at Faneuil Hall on Friday the 11 th . day of October 1793, 10 
O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for calling the meeting read 

Hon^l? Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Chosen Moderator of this meeting by A hand Vote 



344 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . To consult what measures 
are Proper to be taken by the Town for Attending the funeral of 
his Excellency John Hancock Esq r . Late Governor of this Com- 
monwealth deceas d . That, every mark of Respect may be made 
by his Fellow Citizens to the Remains of So Illustrious A Patriot 
and Friend to Manhood, Whereupon the following Votes were 
Passed Unanimously 

In order to pay that respect to the Funeral Solemnities of his 
Excellency, the Late Gov r . Hancock which is Suitable to the feel- 
ings of the Inhabitants on the Occasion. 

Voted, That it is recommended to the Inhabitants, That they 
shut their Stores and Shops At one of the Clock P : M : on Mon- 
day Next and Continue the Same Shut until the funeral Solem- 
nities shall be Performed 

[385.] Voted, That the Selectmen be requested To Cause 
the Carriages, Trucks & other obstructions to be removed from 
State Street, and Other Streets where the Procession may be, On 
Monday afternoon 

Voted, That the Selectmen be requested To order the Public 
Bells to be Tolled suitably On the Occasion 

Then The meeting was 
Dissolved 



We the subscribers, being duly Appointed by The Selectmen 
of the Town of Boston, with the consent of the Persons interested, 
A Committee "to consider and report, the advantages and dis- 
advantages, that the different abutters on Each side of Lynn 
Street (so called,) in the said Town of Boston, may have re- 
ceived in Consequence of Widening the Same ; having carefully 
viewed the said Street, & the Several Lotts of Land contiguous 
thereto ; & having duly considered the Advantages & disadvan- 
tages accruing to the Proprietors thereof, respectively, in Conse- 
quence of the said Alteration Report in manner following. 
Viz*. 

[386.] That there be allowed and paid, by the said Town 
of Boston, unto John Graham, in full Consideration for the 
repairs he has made on an Old House, Situate on the Southeast 
corner of said Lynn Street, opposite to the Globe Tavern (so 
called) The Sum of Twenty four Pounds, Provided he shall 
within A reasonable time, to be determined by the Selectmen of 
Boston, remove the part thereof which projects into said Street, 
and effectually fill up the Cellar under the Same, and that there 
be allowed and paid by said Town- of Boston unto said John 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1793. 345 

Graham, the further Sum of Twelve pounds in full compensation 
for the Lands he will relinquish to accommodate Said Street. 

That, there be allowed and paid, by said Town of Boston unto 
the Heirs or Legal representatives of [Zachariah] Hildreth de- 
ceased the Sum of Ten Pounds, in full compensation for the 
Lands he will relinquish for the Purpose aforesaid 

That there be allowed and paid, by said Town of Boston unto 
Deacon [Richard] Smith the Sum of Fifteen Pounds in full Com- 
pensation for that part of an Old House which projects into said 
Street; Provided he shall remove the Same in A reasonable time 
to be determined by the Selectmen of Boston Also that [387.] 
there be allowed and paid unto said [Richard] Smith the further 
sum of Nine pounds in full Compensation for the Lands he will 
relinquish for the Purpose aforesaid. 

That, There be allowed and paid, by the Said Town of Boston 
unto Elij h . Swift, the Sum of Five Pounds in full Compensation 
for that part of his House which Projects into said Street ; Pro- 
vided he shall remove the same in A reasonable time, to be deter- 
mined by the Selectmen of Boston ; Also, that there be allowed 
unto Said Swift the further Sum of Four Pounds in full Com- 
pensation for the Loss of A Well of water, and the Lands he will 
relinquish for the purpose aforesaid 

That, there be allowed and paid, by said Town of Boston, 
Unto the Heirs or Legal representatives, of Benjamin Brown 
deceased the Sum of Twelve Pounds in full Compensation for the 
Land they will relinquish for the purpose aforesaid 

That, there be allowed and paid by the said Town of Boston 
unto James White, the Sum of Twenty Pounds, in full Compen- 
sation of an old Brick Tenement the greater part of which Pro- 
jects into said Street ; Provided he shall remove the Same within 
A reasonable time to be determined by the [388.] Selectmen of 
Boston, also that there shall be allowed and paid, unto the said 
White the further Sum of Twenty Pounds in full Compensation 
for the Land he will relinquish for the Purpose aforesaid 

That there be Allowed and paid, by said Town of Boston unto 
David Townsend, the Sum of Five Pounds, for the Lands he 
will relinquish of his Easterly Lott, for the Purpose aforesaid 

That there be allowed and paid by said Town of Boston unto 
to the Owners or Proprietors of the Several Lotts of Land Situ- 
ate on the Southerly side of said Lynn Street, their heirs or legal 
representatives respectively not herein before Particularised, from 1 
[John] Graham's House at the Corner First mentioned, to [James] 
White's House inclusively, The following Sums Viz*, for the 



346 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Lands relinquished out of each Lott which does not extend Aboue 
Ninety feet Southerly, from the Original bounds of said Lynn 
Street, the sum of /Six /Shillings for each and every foot in length 
which they may relinquish for the purpose aforesaid 

And also the owners or Proprietors of the several Lotts of 
Land, from said Grahams Corner first mentioned, Whose lotts 
Extend more then Ninety, and not Exceeding One [389.] hun- 
dred & Twenty feet Southerly from the Original bounds of said 
Lynn Street, The Sum of Three Shillings for Each and every 
foot in length which they may relinquish for the Purpose afore- 
said. 

The Owners or Proprietors of the Several Lotts of Land, 
Whose Lotts Extend Southerly from the Original Bounds of said 
Lynn Street more than One hundred and Twenty feet will, in our 
opinion, receive an ample compensation for the Lands they will 
relinquish, by the benefit they will derive from the widening & 
improving said Street. 

And Whereas, the owners or proprietors of the Several Lotts 
of Land Situate on the Northerly side of said Lynn Street, from 
the Globe Tavern (so called) to a Stake marked in A plan 
thereof, being Nine hundred and Sixty Six feet, and whose Lotts 
Extend Northerly to Low water Mark, will derive great Advan- 
tages by the widening and improving the Same, and it Appears 
Just and reasonable that they should Contribute in A due Pro- 
portion towards the Charge thereof 

We therefore, Pursuant to the Agreement aforesaid, Do hereby 
Assess upon Each and Every of the Owners and Proprietors 
aforesaid, their, and each of their Heirs and legal representatives, 
The Sum of [39O.] Three Shillings for each and every foot of 
Lands which may be bounded on the said Street as aforesaid, 
The Lotts from Samuel Greenwoods Westerly to Corner of Ben- 
jamin Goodwins west corner excepted. to be paid unto the 
Treasurer of said Town of Boston When thereto required as the 
Selectmen shall direct, And to be applied as far as the Same will 
go, towards defraying the Charge of Widening and improving the 
same. Dated at Boston aforesaid, the seventh day of October 
Anno Domini 1793 

John Reed ~\ 
Joseph Cordis > Committee 
Thomas Clarke ) 
Suffolk ss : 

Boston Octo r . 7 th 1793. Then Personally Appeared 
John Reed Joseph Cordis & Thomas Clarke and Severally made 
Oath that they have Performed the with[in] mentioned duty to 
the best of their Skill and knowledge Before me Thomas Crafts 
Jus Peace. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1794. 347 

The Committee's Charge for time & Sixpences 2 ,, 2 ,, 

Att 8t . William Cooper Town Clerk 

On Motion Voted That the Thanks of the Town be given to 
Judge Crafts for his good Services as Moderator 

I o o 

Then the meeting was 
Dissolved 



[391.] At A meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
Public Tow& meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 
13 day of February A. D. 1794. 10 O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
chosen Moderator by A hand Vote, 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. 

That at the Request of A number of the inhabitants of the Town, 
deeply concerned in the Prosperity of our Trade in General and 
of the Carrying Trade in particular, The inhabitants would take 
into consideration this highly interesting Subject and Devise 
Such measures as may best express the Sentiments of the Town. 
Thereupon was read, And after A fair and Candid investiga- 
tion came into the following resolution with Scarce A dissenting 
Vote Viz*. Resolved That in the opinion of the Inhabitants of 
this Town the Carrying Trade is of the highest importance to the 
Strength, Wealth & independence of the United States 

[3955.] Resolved, That A Committee be appointed to Con- 
sider and report the State of the Trade at large and to prepare 
resolutions for the Towns consideration respecting the effects 
which certain restrictions laid On the Trade of America by Euro- 
pean Nations have, as the same and to report such resolutions as 
may have A proper influence on our representatives in Congress 
to induce the Passing of such Acts as may tend to guard Protect 
and regulate the American Commerce in General 

Voted, That Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Charles Jarvis Esq r . 
Perez Morton Esq r . 
Samuel Brown Esq r . 
John C. Jones - - Esq r . 
James Sullivan - - Esq r . 
Joseph Blake - - Esq r . 
Benj a . Austin Jun r . Esq r . 
Cap*. Nathaniel Fellows 



348 CITY DOCUMENT. 

William Little - Esq r . 
Thomas Russell Esq r . 
William Eustis P,sq r . 
Leonard Jarvis Esq r . 
M r . Jesse Putnam 
John Codmau - - Esq r . 
Be A Committee for the Purpose aforesaid 

Then the Meeting Adjourned to Monday 24 th . Ins*. 10 O 'Clock 
A:M: 

[393.] Monday the 24 th . February 10 O'Clock A : M : The 
Town Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed the 13 th . Instant to give A State of 
the Trade at large & to prepare suitable resolves for the Town, 
Reported as on File 

On Motion, The Hall not being capacious enough to Admit the 
Inhabitants, the meeting was Adjourned to the Old South Church 
at 3 O'Clock P : M : - 

3 O'Clock P : M : Town met at the old S. Church as f) r . 
Adjournin* 

The Report of the Committee again read The meeting after 
Some debates was Adjourned to the 25 th Instant to meet at this 
place 10 O'Clock A : M : 

Met according According to Adjournment Tuesday the 25 th 
Instant 10 O'Clock A : M : - 

The Report again taken up at large & after A fair discussion 
The Question Put, Whether the further Consideration of this 
report for the present be referred, passed in the affirmative. On 
Motion Adjourned without day 

Then the meeting was 
Dissolved 



[394.] At A meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and Legally Warned 
in Public Town meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall On Monday 
the 10 th . day of March Anno Domini 1794. 10 O'Clock A : M : 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . Doct r . Lothrop 
Warrant for calling the meeting read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1794. 349 

Sundry Laws to be read at this meeting 
were accordingly read 

The Town having Voted : to come to the Choice of A Moder- 
ator by A hand Vote, 

Thomas Craft Esq r . 
was Chosen Moderator, Unanimously 

The Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for Town Clerk and the Same being brought in & 
Counted, it appeared that 

William Cooper 

was Chosen Town Clerk for the Year Ensuing and an Oath of 
Office was Administred to him by M r . Justice Crafts 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for Nine Selectmen and upon Sorting them it appeared 
That the following Gentlemen Viz 1 . 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
[395.] Thomas Walley Esq r . 

Deacon William Boardman 
M r . Ebenezer Sever 
Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Thomas Edwards Esq r . 
M r . William Little 
M r . Charles Bulfinch 
William Scollay Esq r . 
Were Chosen Selectmen for the Year Ensuing 

M r . Joseph Russell 

was Chosen Town Treasurer Unanimously for the Year Ensuing 
and the Oath of office Administred to him by the Town Clerk 

Voted, That the Town Treasurer give Bond with Sureties to 
the Satisfaction of the Selectmen, in the Sum and Penalty of 
Ten Thousand Pounds for the faithful discharge of the duties 
of his Office 

Votes, for A Treasurer for the County of Suffolk bro*. in and 
Counted by the Moderator and The Town Clerk when it appeared 
That the whole number was Three hundred and forty Three. 
Of which Three hundred and Thirty Six were for Thomas Crafts 
Esq r . and five for Joseph Russell, Town Treasurer, both discreet 
and Suitable Persons, being freeholders and Residents in said 
County ; the other two were for William Cooper Town Clerk 

[396.] an attested copy hereof was given to Ezek 1 . Price 
Esq r . Clerk of the Sessions by Coll" Crafts 



350 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Inhabitants having as directed brought in their Vote's for 
Twelve Overseers of the Poor on counting and Sorting the Same, 
It appeared That 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . 
John White Esq r . 
Edward Procter Esq r . 
John Sweetser Esq r . 
Samuel Parkman Esq r . 
Jonathan L. Austin Esq r . 
M r . Edward Edes 
Henry Hill Esq r . 
John Codman Jun r . Esq r . 
M r . William Smith- 
William Phillips Jun r . Esq r . 
Stephen Gorham Esq r . 
Were Chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year Ensuing 

The Votes being brought in for Sixteen Fire Wards, And the 
Same being Sorted and Counted It appeared That 

M r . Thomas Tileston 

John Wlnthrop Esq r . 

Thomas Melvill Esq r . 

Jabez Hatch Esq r . 

M r . Joseph Clark 

Joseph Russell Jun Esq r . 
[397.] M r . Edward Edes 

Samuel Parkman Esq r . 

Amasa Davis Esq r . 

Russell Sturgis Esq r . 

Henry Jackson Esq r . 

Cap*. Mungo Mackay 

William Scollay Esq r . 

William Little Esq r . 

M r . James Tisdale 

Joseph May Esq r . 
were Chosen Fire Wards for the Ensuing Year 

Voted, That the Assessors be and hereby are directed to Set 
for such abatements of Taxes as they shall Judge reasonable, 
two Days in Each Week after the delivery of the Tax Books to 
the Collectors, for the Space of Six weeks and no longer, Saving 
that they be allowed to Set the last Week in February, Lords 
days excepted, for the abatement of the Taxes of such persons as 
had not the opportunity of applying in the aboue Limited time 
by reason of their being out of the Commonwealth or any other 
Unavoidable hindrance, and that the Assessors determine upon 
the said Two days, which is to be Noted on the Tax bills to be 
Delivered to the Inhabitants 

[398.] The Votes being brought in for Five Assessors. It 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1794. 351 

appeared that the following Persons were Chosen Assessors for 
the Year Ensuing Viz 1 . 

Giles Harris Esq r . 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 

Mess rs . John R. Sigorney 

Thomas Hitchbourn 

Caleb Blanchard 

Voted, That in Addition to the Selectmen twelve persons shaH 
now be chosen as A School Committee and the Votes being 
brought in. Sorted and Counted it appeared That the following 
Gentlemen were Chosen Viz*. 

Hon^l? Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

Rev d . Samuel West 

Rev d . John Lothrop 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . 

Jonathan L. Austin Esq r . 

William Tudor Esq r . 

Doct r . Thomas Welsh 

Doct r . Nathaniel Appleton 

Rev d . John Clark 

M r . William Smith 

Doct r . Aaron Dexter 

George R. Minot Esq r . 

Voted, That the aforenamed Gentlemen who Conjunctly, with 
the Selectmen are- Term'd the School Committee be and hereby 
are directed to carry [399.] The new System of Education 
which has been Adopted by the Town into operation, And said 
Committee are also Authorized and empowered Conjunctly to 
manage and regulate the affairs and Government of the Schools, 
and in future to exercise all the Powers relating to the Schools, 
and Schoolmasters which the Selectmen or such Committees are 
Authorized by the Laws of the Commonwealth or the Votes Of 
this Town to exercise ; any former Votes of the Town notwith- 
standing 

The Petition of Jirah Holbrook, that Allowance may be made 
him for the Losses that he Sustained read Whereupon 

Voted, That the Hon ble . Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Joseph May Esq r . 
D r . Nathaniel Noyes 
Be A Committee to Consider the Same and to Report thereon 

Voted, That the Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

Herman Brimmer Esq r . 

Joseph Russell Ju r . Esq r . 

Be and -hereby are appointed A Committee to Audit tne accounts 
of the Town Treasurer and also accounts of the Selectmen and 



352 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Overseers of the poor [4OO.] And said Committee are also 
directed to report the Sum Necessary to be raised for the Service 
of the present Year. 

The Petition of A Number of the Inhabitants that the high 
way Leading from Prince Street, To the North Mills read 
Whereupon Voted, That the Selectmen be A Committee to 
consider the Same & report thereon 

The Votes being brought in for Twelve Constables, It appeared 
That The following Persons were Chosen 

Mess- Shubael Hews 

Benjamin Homans 
John Bosson 
John Cades 
John Butterfield 
James Perkins 
Samuel White 
Enoch May 
Thomas Stevenson 
Robert Smallpeace 
David Lewis 
Andrew Townsend 

Adjourned, to 3. O'Clock. P: M: 
3. O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

Voted, That five f2 r . Cent be and hereby is allowed to the Col- 
lectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing [4O1.] For all such Sums 
of Money and Public Securities as they shall Collect and pay into 
the Several Treasurers of the Sums Committed to them to Collect, 
also that such Collectors shall give Bond with Sufficient Sureties 
to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful discharge of 
their duty in said Office and Complying with this Vote ; And that 
they will not receive any Premium Or gratuity for discounting 
any order Notes or receipts from the Treasurer of this State or 
the Treasurer of this Town 

The Votes, being brought in for four Collectors of Taxes It 
appeared That 

Mess- Benjamin Henderson 
Thomas Bayley 
James Thompson 
Benjamin Jepson 
Were Chosen Collectors of Taxes for the Year Ensuing 

The Selectmen were Chosen Surveyors of the High ways for 
the Year Ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1794. 

Mess- William Richardson 
Benjamin Goldthwait 
Charles Miller Jun r . 
Seth Adams 
Thomas Capen 
[4O2.] Joseph Cowden 

John Ainory Tertius 
John Peck 
Nathaniel Sigorney 
Samuel Sumner Jun r . 
Tho 8 . Bartlett 
Joseph Peirce Jun r . 
were Chose Clerks of the Market the Year Ensuing 



S Benjamin White 
Joseph May 
Andrew Townsend 
William Todd 
Charles Barry 
were Chosen Fence Viewers for the Year Ensuing 

Mess- Thomas Bradley 
William Billings 
David Hollis 
Matthew Loring 
Were Chosen Sealers of Leather the Year Ensuing 

Messrs William M c .Neil 

Jeffery Richardson 
Were chosen Surveyors of Hemp the Year Ensuing 

M r . Abraham Adams 

was Chosen - an Informer of Deer 
for the Year Ensuing 

[4O3.] MessL 8 Richard Horsefall 
Francis Booth 
Edward Jones 
Were Chosen Haywards for the Year Ensuing 

Mess John Keyer 

George Cammell 
were Chosen Hogreaves for the Year Ensuing 

MessS Joshua Whetherly 
Samuel Austin 

were Chosen Assay masters for the Year Ensuing 

John Lucas Esq r . 
M r . Edward Edes 
Were Chosen Surveyors of Wheat the Year Ensuing 



354 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Mess Will m Cunningham 
Edward Weld 
Jirah Holbrook 
Alden Bass 
Joseph Gleason 
were chosen Sealers of wood for the Year Ensuing 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. To consider the represen- 
tation of the overseers of the poor, relative to the deranged State 
of the Almshouse and Workhouse read Whereupon 

Voted, That A Committee be now chosen [4O4.] To Joyn the 
overseers of the poor to consider this matter and report thereon, 

Voted, That the Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
William Scollay Esq r . 
M r . Ebenezer Sever 
Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Thomas Edwards Esq r . 
M r . Charles Bulfinch 
Charles Jarvis Esq r . 
William Little Esq r . 
Joseph Russell T. Treasu r . 
Be A Committee for the Purpose aforesaid 

The Votes being brought in for Twelve Surveyors of Boards. 
It appeared that 

Mess 1 " 8 . John Champney 
Joshua Bentley 
Samuel Dyer 
Benjamin Page 
Benjamin White 
Edmund Ranger 
William Clouston 
James Blake 
James Robbins 
John Cogswell 
Abraham Hayward 
William Darricut 
were chosen Surveyors of Boards the Year Ensuing 

[4O5.] The Votes being brought in for Thirteen Cullers' of 
Hoops and Staves, It appeared that 

Cap*. Lemuel Gardner 
Mess- Joseph Loring 

Thomas Barber 

George Singleton 

Edward Burt 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1794. 355 

I 

Thomas Foster 
William Parkman 
John Bray 
Henry Purket 
Jonathan Gushing 
James Barry 
Hezekiah Hutson 
Phillip Hitchbourn 
Were chosen cullers of hoops & Staves the Ensuing Year 

Adjourned to Monday the 24 th day of March Instant at 3. 
O 'Clock P: M: 

Monday the 24 th day of March Instant, at 3 O'Clock P : M : 
Met as ^ r . Adjournment 

M r . Joseph Clark chosen A Fire ward and having declined 
Serving, it was 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be Given him for his good 
Services in that office for Years past 

[4O6.] M r . William Sherbourne 

was chosen A Fire Ward for the Present Year 

David Townsend Esq r . 

was chosen one of the School Committee in the room of John 
Coffin Jones Esq r . who has resigned 

M r . Henry Crumstone 

was chosen Constable in the room of M r . Cade who has re- 
signed 

The Committee on the Petition of M r . Jirah Holbrook, report 
as their opinion, That the Petitioner has no claim on the Town 
for any compensation for any Losses sustained Either at Battery 
march or cow lane, Your Committee would Inform the Town, That 
by A Certificate, Signed by Oliver Wendell and others who say 
that in their opinion M r . Holbrook would have made A generous 
profit had not the pavement in Battery march been ordered to be 
raised much higher then was at first contemplated, by which he 
Sustained of course A Loss as they say of about Thirty Pounds : 
Your Committee would therefore propose for the Consideration 
of the Town As the Street is much better, and the Town 
greatly benefited by the pavement being thus raised ; Whether 
the Petitioner may not be permitted to Exhibit [4O7.] An 
Account for the extra Gravel &c Supplied and the Selectmen 
Authorized to give him A draught for Payment of the same. 
Provided it shall not Exceed The Sum of Thirty Pounds 

Thomas Crafts r . order 



356 CITY DOCUMENT. 

i 

The aforegoing report having been read, and considered, the 
question was put Viz*. Whether this report shall be accepted 
and it Passed in the Affirmative 

The Committee appointed by the Town At their annual meet- 
ing on the 10 th . day of March Ins*, to take into consideration the 
deranged state of the Almshouse and workhouse agreeable to the 
representation of the Overseers of the Poor, Have attended that 
Service and report As their opinion That the Gentlemen Over- 
seers of the poor, be requested to put in decent repair the Brick 
building between the Almshouse and the work house for their use 
And also, that they have leave to Appropriate such part of the 
Workhouse for an Almshouse as they shall Judge Expedient for 
the more immediate and better accomodation of such poor & 
Indigent Persons as may be the proper Objects of their care, and 
ask leave To Set again Thomas Dawes ^ r . order 

[4O8.] The foregoing report having been Read, and was 
accepted 

M r . Moses Bradley 
was appointed one of the Sealers of Wood y e . Year Ensuing 

On motion, Voted, That the Selectmen be requested to Insert 
in the Warrant for May Meeting an Article relative to Faneuil 
Hall Market 

Voted, That all Matters and things which shall remain Unfin- 
ished at this meeting shall be referred over to next may Meeting 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to Thomas 
Crafts Esq r . for his good Services as Moderator 

Then the meeting was 
Dissolved 



[4O9.] At A Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of Twenty one Years of Age and upwards, Qualified as 
the Constitution prescribes and Legally Warned in Public Town 
meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday The 7 th . day of 
April Anno Domini 1 794 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Stillman 
Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or Frame of Goverment, rela- 
tive to the Choice of Governor, Lieu*. Governor and Senators 
read 
\ 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1794. 



357 



It was then declared b*y the Selectmen that no Votes would be 
received, but such as were unfolded and that they Propose the 
Poll shall be Closed at one O'Clock. The Votes to be received at 
the Table and the Bells to begin Tolling at half past 12 O'Clock 



Persons VOTED for as GOVERNOR 
with the Number of Votes for Each Person Viz*. 



His Honor Samuel Adams 
HonlJi? William Cushing 
Hon'-^ Elbridge Gerry - 
Hon? Samuel Phillips 
Hon 6 Thomas Russell 
^ Azor Orne .. 



Esq r . 
Esq r . 
Esq r . 
Esq r . 
Esq r . 
Esq r . 



[41O.] Persons VOTED for as Lieu 1 . GOVERNOR - 
with the number of VOTES for Each Person Viz 1 . 

His Honor Samuel Adams Esq r . 

Hon^l? Moses Gill ... Esq r . 

Hon ble . William Heath Esq r . 

Hon ble . Nathaniel Gorham - Esq r . 

Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq r . 

Hon ble . Elbridge Gerry - - Esq r . 

Hon ble . Thomas Russell - Esq r , 

Ebenezer Hancock - Esq r . 

Hon ble . Samuel Phillips - - Esq r . 

Hon ble . William Cushing - Esq r . 

John Vinal - Esq r . 



Votes 

- 1400 

- 894 

1 
5 
1 
1 



Votes 

832 

1287 

11 

22 

81 

31 

4 



3 

2 

1 



Persons Voted for as Senators for the county of Suffolk, with 
the Number of Votes for each Person - - - Viz*. 

Votes 

.. 2250 
Esq r . 1339 
Esq r . 2272 

- - 954 

- - 1126 

- - 971 

- - 135 

- - 38 

- - 4 

4 
4 
7 
2 
1 
1 



^ Thomas Dawes Esq r . - . 
Hon ble . Benjamin Austin Jun r . - 
Hon b!e . Oliver Wendell -> - - - 
Theophilus Cushing Esq r . 
Charles Cushing Esq r . of Hingham 
Hon ble . Thomas Russell Esq r . - - 
Charles Cushing Esq r . - 
John Sweetser - - Esq r 
William Eustis - - Esq r 
Hon ble . James Bowdoin - 
Hon ble . John C. Jones - 
Charles Jarvis - 
Hon ble . Steph". Higginson - - 
William Tudor ... 
Jonathan Mason - - - 



Esq r . 
Esq r . 
Esq r . 
Esq r . 
Esq r . 
Esq r . 



[411.] Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as Gover- 



358 CITY DOCUMENT. 

nor, Lieu*. Governor, and Senators for tile County of Suffolk were 
Committed to the Secretary of this Commonwealth, and the In- 
closures sealed up in Town Meeting Superscribed as follows 
Viz*. 

For John Avery Esq r . 

Secretary of the Commonwealth 

of Massachusetts 

The Number of Votes of The Town of Boston for A Governor 
and four /Senators for the County of Suffolk. Certified within and 
Sealed up in the Town Meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



At A meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally Warned 
in Public Town meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall. On Wednes- 
day the 7 th . day of May Anno Domini 1794. 10 O'Clock A : M : 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . Doct r . Thatcher 
Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 

That part of the Constitution or frame of Goverment which 
relates to representatives read 

Sundry Laws to be read at Said Meeting were Accordingly 
read 

The Town having determined by A Vote to choose Seven Per- 
sons to represent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to 
be held in the State House in Boston on the last Wednesday of 
May Current, agreeably to the Constitution & Frame of Govern- 
ment for the Massachusets The Inhabitants were directed by 
the Selectmen to withdraw and bring in their Votes for Repre- 
sentatives and then it was declared by the Selectmen That no 
Votes would be received but such as are unfolded, And that they 
intend that the Poll shall be closed at half past 12. O'Clock and 
the Bell to be tolled A little before that time 

[413.] The Votes being brought in for Seven Representa- 
tives, The Number of the Same were found to be 707 And 
upon Sorting them it appeared that the Seven following Gentle- 
men had Obtained A majority of Votes - ' - - - - Viz*. 

Votes 

William Tudor Esq r . 697 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . -------536 

John Winthrop Esq r . 435 

William Eustis Esq r . 690 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1794. 359 

Votes 

Joseph Blake Esq r . ------- 553 

Thomas Edwards Esq r . 539 

Perez Morton Esq r . ------ 409 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P : M : - 

Met According to Adjournment at 3 O'Clock P : M : 

Declaration was made by the Selectmen to the Town previous 
to the Adjournment That the Seven aforenamed Gentlemen were 
Chosen representatives by A Majority of Votes 

The choice of Representatives being over it was moved and 
Voted, that the Town will Now come to the Choice of A Moderator 
by A hand Vote in order to Transact the other business mentioned 
in the Warrant 

Hon ble . Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
was Chosen Moderator accordingly 

[414.] The Votes having been brought in for One Fire ward, 
it appeared on Sorting them. That Cap*. Robert Gardner was 
chosen as A Fireward for the Year Ensuing 

The Committee appointed to Audit the Accounts of the Town 
Treasurer, and also the Acco te . of the Selectmen and Overseers of 
the Poor, And to Report the Sum Necessary to be raised for the 
Service of the Present Year, have attended to that business And 
ask leave to report 

That they find the accounts of the Treasurer well Vouched and 
right cast and a balance of Eleven Thousand, Two hundred & 
Thirty two Pounds Nineteen Shillings & Two Pence in favour of 
The Town 

The Selectmens drafts from March 1 st . 1793 
To March the 1 st . 1794 inclusively amo*. to 8464 ,, 16 ,, X 
And the Overseers of the Poor, the same time 2900 ,, 18 ,, 3 



Making in the whole .11365 ,, 14 ,, 3^ 

The Particulars of all which are Contained in the papers N. 1 ,, 
2 ,, 3 ,, herewith annexed, the aggregate of the Selectmens 
drafts are as follows Viz*. 

Watchmans Wages - - - - 604 
Schoolmasters & Ushers - - 1960 



Assessors pay 661 



New School & other Schools - 373 

" 11 
Lamps 706 ,, 8 ,, 8- 



15 ,, 10 
19,, 9 



Carried Over - 



360 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[415.] 



Sum brought over - - - 


- - ... 


Printing, & Stationary 


95 ,, 5 


2 


Burying Ground - - - - 


7,, 17 







^1 4- 







1 J * 


Town Repairs - - - - 


255 ,, 6 


7 


Repairs of High ways - 


236 





Mill Bridge 


?o 




ou ,, 




Commonwealth - 


37 ,, 15 


3 


Paving and Gravel - - - 


- 1155 ,, 6 


10 


Storage of Powder - - - 


1 8 





Small Pox 


39 ,, 


9 


Philadelphia Fever - - - 


290 ,, 16 





Town Clock 


22 5 


6 


Office of Police - - - - 


160,, 





Constables Service - 


36 ,, 9 


7 


Bells ringing - - - - - 


76 1 


2 


Visiting Schools - ... 


49 2 





Law Expence - - - - 


69 ,, 16 


3 


Deer Island 


18,, 5 


10 


Rainsfords Island - 


25 12 


6 


Watchmans Rent - - - 


4,, 10 





Town Cryer 


-,, 3 





Engines and Premiums 


248 ,, 19 


8 


Town Treasurer - - - - 


200 





Town Clerk 


-. 150 





Messenger to Selectmen - 


55 ,, 4 


6 



The balance due from the Several Collectors on March 1^ 

1754. as represented on Paper N. 1. have been reduced by 

Sums paid in by the Several [416.] Collectors from that 

time to the 1 st . May Ins*. 2618 ,, 3 ,, 10 And the balances as 

they now Stand due from the Collectors on the 2 d . May 1794, 

Is as follows - - Viz 1 . 

From James Thompson 1793. Tax - - - 1842,, 4,, If 

Benjamin Henderson 1793 d. - - 1756 ,, 19 ,, 3 

Thomas Bayley 1793 d. - - 1829 ,, 15 ,, lOf 

Benjamin Jepson - - 1793 d. - - 1793 ,, 4 ,, Of 



7291 ,, 3 ,, 4 
The Committee from the best information Suppose the Sum 

^.f -PQfiQ 9 Q 

XOOt) ,, ^ ,, O 

with which Sum the Town stands charg'd 
has been settled and paid by former Collec- 
tors. Savage, Cudworth and Others, by way 
of discount though not properly Cancelled in 
the books they being chiefly due before the 



BOSTON TOWN RECOKDS, 1794. 361 

revolution, however that may be, they are 
cancelled by A Late Law of this Common- 
wealth, and in their opinion should be ac- 
cordingly Settled in the Town Books, 

The Committee 

also find That a Deduction may be made of 1400 ,, 12 ,, 
from the Estimate of the current year for a 
New School, repairing Schools, high ways, 
Mill bridge, Law Expences, New fish Mar- 
ket, Small pox, Philadelphia fever as Particu- 
larised in Paper N. 1. 
making in the Whole 1763 ,, 4 ,, 7 

[417.] The Committee are further of Opinion That the 
debts due from Abraham Savage 366 ,, ,, 9. and Several 
others amounting to 54 ,, 19 ,, 10. and from P. Dudley Sergeant 
877 ,, 7 ,, 2 and from Benjamin Cudworth 46 ,, 14 ,, 5 
Amounting to in the whole ----'-- 1345 ,, 1 ,, 5 
May be cancelled in the Towns Books. 

And Should the Selectmen drafts be 

Same as Last year 8464 ,, 16 ,, 

And also the Overseers drafts ditto - - 2900 ,, 8 ,, 3 



11365 4 ., 3 

A Tax of Nine Thousand Pounds - - - 9000 
Rent Roll Estimated from Preceeding Years 686 

The State poor ditto 1500 

and the Saving as aboue - 400 



Amounting in .the whole ----- to 11586,, 

will be sufficient for the Present year and will make Provision 
for Paving 10.000 y**. @ 2/6 - - - - 1250 ,, 
which is Equal to 3000 feet by 30 feet 

They therefore upon the "Whole recommend the Sum of Nine 
Thousand Pounds to be raised for the Present Year 

All Which is Submitted "$ r . Thomas Dawes f r . order 

The aforegoing report having been read & Considered the Ques- 
tion was Put Viz*. Whether the Same shall be Accepted. 
Passed in the Affirmative 

[418.] Voted, That the Sum of Nine Thousand Pounds be 
raised by A Tax to be Assessed on the Polls and Estates of the 
Inhabitants of r Jhis Town to defray The Expences of the Current 
Year 

The representation of Coll . Waters Officer of the Police 
was read Whereupon 



362 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Voted, That Hon ble . John Coffin Jones Esq r . 

Perez Morton - - - Esq r . 

Hon ble . Benjamin Austin J r Esq r . 

Samuel Brown - - - Esq r . 

M r . James Tisdale 

Be A Committee to Consider the Same and report at the Adjourn- 
ment 

The Petition of James Thompson a Collector of Taxes read 
Whereupon 

Voted, That the said Petition be reffer'd to the aboue Named 
Committee to report thereon 

Voted, That it be referred to the aboue Committee to consider 
and report at the Adjournment Proper Salaries for the Town 
Treasurer, Assessors and the Town Clerk 

The Article in the Warrant relative to the General State of 
Faneuil Hall Market &c &c was read and Considered Where- 
upon 

Voted, That no fresh fish be in future Exposed for sale on 
Faneuil Hall Market Square Also the following Order Passed 
Viz*. 

[419.] Be it ordained that the Selectmen on the representa- 
tion and Complaint of the Clerk of the Market, the Officers of 
Police or any three Inhabitants shall be and they are hereby fully 
Authorized and Impowered, to remove from any of the Stalls and 
Stands, of the Market all such Persons, as shall in their Opinion 
be Guilty of Forestalling or any other Malepractices which may 
have a Tendency to enhance the Prices of the Necessaries of Life 
and to Promote the Injury and oppression of the Inhabitants of 
The Town 

Voted, That what further part of the aforementioned Article 
has not been acted upon be referred over to A Committee ; That 
the Selectmen be A Committee for said purpose 

,. 

The Memorial of the Schoolmasters read, and on Motion 
Voted, They have Leave to withdraw it 

The Article in the warrant Viz 1 . What measures shall be 
taken relative to the Hay Engine, and the appointment of A 
Clerk of the Faneuil Hall market read, whereupon 

Voted, That it be left to the Selectmen, to Proceed as to these 
matters as they shall Judge to be meet, for the Interest of the 
Town 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1794. 363 

Adjourned to Friday 16 th . May Ins*. 10 O'Clock A : M : 

[42O.] At A legal and very Numerous Meeting of the Free- 
holders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston at Faneuil 
Hall the 12 th . day of May Anno Domini 1794. 9 O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for calling the meeting read 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . was Chosen, Moderator by A 
hand Vote 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. To consider the propriety 
of Continuing the Embargo under the Present Serious aspect of 
Public Affairs may be considered, and the opinion of the Town 
on this important Subject fully expressed thereupon was read and 
Considered Whereupon 

Resolved As the Sense of the Inhabitants of the Town. That 
the General Embargo Imposed by the Legislature of the United 
States on the Navigation and Commerce within the Same is A 
Measure founded in the highest Policy and Wisdom. AVhich 
Passed by A Very great Majority 

Resolved that the Inhabitants of Boston will cordially acquiesce 
in the Continuance of the Embargo until in the opinion of Con- 
gress the Objects Contemplated by that measure shall be fully 
Accomplished ; which Passed Unanimously. 

Then the meeting was 
Dissolved 



[421.] Friday May 16^ Instant 10 O'Clock A : M : 

The Town Met according to .the Adjournment of March Meet- 
ing On Motion 

Voted, That the Vote Passed on the 7 th . day of May Instant, 
Prohibiting Fish from being Exposed to Sale on Faneuil Hall 
Market Square be reconsidered, also 

Voted, That whatever remains unacted upon the Article of the 
Warrant and all matters relative to the General State of Faneuil 
Hall Market be referred over to the Selectmen, they to Act 
thereon with respect to regulations, as they Judge most for the 
interest of the Inhabitants 

The Committee appointed to Consider and report on the Several 
matters within Submitted to them have attended that Service and 
Report as follows Viz*. 



364 CITY DOCUMENT. 

That the respective Salaries of the Town Treasurer, Assessors 
and Town Clerk be the Same as they have been the Year Past, 
That is to Say for the Town Treasurer 200 for Each of the 
Assessors 130 and for the Town Clerk 200 ,, - 

That There be Allowed and paid to James Thompson 12 ,, 
Lawful Money in full compensation for Extra Services Mentioned 
in his Petition 



On the representation of Josiah Waters Esq r . In- 
spector of Police, requesting an Equitable compensation for his 
Services. Your Committee on Mature Deliberation have thought 
it expedient to recommend to the Inhabitants of the Town to 
grant him an Addition of Sixty Pounds for the Present Year to 
the Salary Allowed him the Year Past Your Committee Appre- 
hends that at the time this Officer was appointed It was unknown 
to the Inhabitants, that the Duties of his Office would have 
occupied so great A Portion of his time, as from experience they 
find it Necessarily does, they suppose it was from this Consider- 
ation that his Salary was originally fixed at 120 ,, ,, 
Your Committee are Convinced from their own knowledge and 
Constant testimony of the Inhabitants in general, That the whole 
time of the Inspector of Police, Sundays And Nights not ex- 
cepted, is Casually employed in the Discharge of his duty, And 
that His Services are of great Importance to the peace, Safety 
and happiness of The Town, Such Consideration as these have 
induced your Committee to recommend that the Salary of this 
Officer for the ensuing Year be fixed at the Sum of One Hundred 
and Eighty Pounds all of which is Submitted 

^ r . John Coffin Jones "$ r . order 

[423.] The aforegoing Report being read and Amended, 
the Question was put Viz*, whether the Same shall be Accepted, 
Passed in the Affirmative, whereupon 

Voted, That the Sum of two hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid to Joseph Russell for his Services as Town Treasurer the 
Present Year, the same to be paid him in Quarterly payments as 
it shall become due, and to Commence the first day of March 
Last 

Voted, That the Sum of Two hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto William Cooper for his Services as Town Clerk the 
Present Year, the Same to be paid him quarterly, as it shall be- 
come due, and to Commence the first day of March Last. 

Voted, That the Sum of One hundred and Thirty Pounds be 
allowed to each of the Assessors for their respective Services for 
the present Year the same to be paid them Quarterly, as it shall 
become due, and to Commence the first day of March Last 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1794. 365 

Voted, That the Sum of One hundred and Eighty Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto Josiah Waters Esq r . for his Services as 
Officer of the Police the Present Year, the Same to be paid him 
Quarterly, as it shall become due 

[424.] Voted, That there be allowed and paid To James 
Thompson, Twelve Pounds in full compensation for his Extra 
Services as mentioned in the foregoing report on his Petition 

Voted, That all matters and things Unfinished at this Meeting, 
be referred over to the Next General Meeting 

Voted, That The Thanks of the Town be given to the Hon ble 
Thomas Crafts for his good Services as Moderator of this meeting 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



At A Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall On Friday the 4 th . day of 
July Anno Domini 1794. 9 O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for Calling the meeting read 

William Cooper 
was Chosen Moderator by A hand Vote 

[425.] The Committee appointed the Last year to make 
Choice of A Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary 
of Independence. Reported 

That they had made Choice of John Phillips Esquire. Who has 
Accepted On Motion 

Voted, That the oration be delivered at the Old Brick Church 
12 O'Clock ; Liberty therefor being Obtained 

Voted, The Gentlemen the Selectmen Acquaint M r . [John 
Phillips] with this Vote. 

Adjourned to the Old Brick Church to Commemorate the Inde- 
pendence of the United States. 

AN ORATION 

was delivered by John Phillips Esquire at the Old Brick Church, 
On Motion 

Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed A 



366 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Committee to Wait on John Phillips, Esquire, and in the Name 
of the Town to thank him for the Spirited and Elegant Oration 
this day delivered by him, at the request of The Town, upon the 
Anniversary of the Independence of the United States Of 
America, in which, according to the institution of the Town, he 
Considered the feelings, manners and Principles, which led to that 
Great National Event, and to Request A Copy thereof for the 
Press on Motion 

[426.] Voted, That The Gentlemen, the Selectmen, be and 
hereby are appointed A Committee to apply to Some one Learned 
and able Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 4 th . July Anno 
Domini 1795. That day being the Anniversary of the Independ- 
ence of the United States of America ; Wherein the Orator is to 
Consider the feelings, Manners and Principles which led to this 
Great National Event, As well as the Important and happy 
Effects whether General or Domestic which already, and will 
forever flow from that auspicious Epoch 

Then the meeting was 
Dissolved 



[427.] At, A Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Saturday the 
2 d . day of August A. D. 1794. 11 O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Hon ble . Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Chosen Moderator By A Hand Vote 

The Article in the Warrant read, as also the Petition for call- 
ing A meeting, and after some consideration and debate, the 
Town came into the following resolutions Viz 1 . 

Whereas, A Number of the inhabitants of this Town actuated 
by A desire of releiving the distresses of the Unhappy Sufferers 
by the Late Fire, met the 1 st . Instant and Passed A Vote to 
Request the Several Clergy to deliver A Sermon upon that Sub- 
ject on the Ensuing Sabbath And to recommend to their Several 
Congregations to open Subscriptions, and Committees to be ap- 
pointed in the respective Parishes for affording relief to those 
who have met with Losses from this melancholy Event 

Voted that the Proceedings of said inhabitants meet with the 
Cordial approbation of this Town [428] And that it be 
recommended to all the Inhabitants of the Town to Aid in 
furthering the Charitable Views adopted at the said meeting, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1794. 367 

And that it be Urged upon the Committee thereby to be ap- 
pointed to exert themselves to excite the benevolence and Procure 
the Assistance of Every description of Persons, and to Adopt 
such Measures as shall make the Charity as Extensive and Effect- 
ual as possible, And the money so collected shall be appropriated 
in such A manner, as may Appear most eligible to the Committee 
appointed to distribute the Same, And the said Committee are 
further directed to Report at the Next Town Meeting, The 
Amount of Money's Collected and To whom distributed 
Also 

Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed to 
write Circular Letters to Invite Our Brethren in the Neighboring 
Towns To Join in Alleviating the great Losses Sustained by our 
Fellow Townsmen in the late Calamitous Fire 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



[429.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, duly qualified & legally Warned in 
Public Town meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 
12 th . day of August Anno Domini 1794. At 10 O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 

Honorable Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Was chosen Moderator by A hand Vote 

The first Article in the Warrant Viz*, to receive the Report of 
the Selectmen relative to A Street laid out between Atkinsons 
Street & Hutchinsons Street so called, and whether they will 
approve of the Same, As also A report of the Selectmen Viz 1 . 
In Consequence of A Great desolation made by Fire in This Town 
on the 30^5 of July Last at and Near Atkinsons Street The 
Selectmen Met and proceeded to the Spot, and laid out A New 
Street for the better accommodation and convenience of the In- 
habitants which 'is bounded as follows Viz 4 , on Atkinson Street 
43 forty Three feet, Then running Easterly to Hutchinsons Street 
Twenty five feet, Eight Inches, then running on Said Hutchinsons 
Street forty Three feet and then running Westerly to s d . Atkin- 
sons Street [43O.] Two hundred and fifty one feet Eight Inches 
as is now Staked out were read and Considered Whereupon 

Voted, That the Town Accept & approve of the doings of the 
Selectmen in the laying out of the Said Street, 

The Second Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . Whether the 
Town will appropriate the marsh at the bottom of the Common 



368 CITY DOCUMENT. 

for any other of the Towns Lands for Rope Walks for the Ac- 
commodation of the Sufferers by the late Fire was read and 
Considered Whereupon -Voted, That, the 
Honorable Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

M r . Ebenezer Dorr 

M r . William Brown 

Doctor Dexter 

Deacon Wright 
Hon^S James Sullivan Esq r . 

M r . Joseph Russell 

M r . Joseph Woodward 
Hon5 George R d . Minot Esq r . 

Be and hereby are appointed A Committee to Confer with the 
Gentlemen Owners of the Ropewalks Lately Consumed by Fire, 
and that A Survey be taken of the Marsh, at 'the Bottom of the 
Common, and also Part of the Land on Boston Neck, that may 
be Sufficient for Erecting the Like Number of Rope walks, as 
[4:31.] were owned and Consumed, and report at the Next Town 
Meeting which the Selectmen are Requested to call after the 
Committee have Completed the Business. 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved 



At A Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in Public Town 
meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 28 th day of 
August, Anno Domini 1794. at 10 O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Honorable Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Was Chosen Moderator by A hand Vote 

The Report of the Committee to whom was referred, the Busi- 
ness of Appropriating the Marsh at the Bottom of the Common 
for the accommodation of the Ropemakers who were Sufferers by 
the Late Fire was read and after Debate 

[432.] Voted, That the Same be recommitted and that the 
Committee confer with the said sufferers and report A Specific 
quantity of Grounds for their use, and Terms upon which the 
Same be granted 

Resolve of the General Court Passed June 19 th . 1794. requir- 
ing the Inhabitants of the Town and Districts within this Com- 
mon Wealth to take or Cause to be taken an accurate Plan of 
their respective Towns and Districts, was read and Considered 
Whereupon r Voted, That the Gentlemen the Selectmen be, and 



BOSTON Towx RECOKDS, 1794. 369 

hereby are appointed A Committee to Carry Said resolve of Court 
into Execution. 

Article in the "Warrant Viz*. Whether the Town will Lease 
A Part of their Land on the West side of the Neck for the pur- 
pose of Erecting A Wind Machine for the Grinding and Bolting 
of Grain &c read Whereupon it was moved and 

Voted, That this Article be left with the Selectmen to Act 
thereon as they may Judge best 

Article in the Warrant Viz*. Whether any measures shall 
be taken to Prevent future damage to the Town by the Erection 
of Wooden Buildings within the Same was read & after debate 

Voted, That William Tudor Esq r . 
John Codman Esq r . 
Perez Morton - Esq r . 

[433.] Be A Committee to consider of this Article and to 
Report thereon as soon as may be 

Adjourned to Monday Next being the First day of September 

Monday Sep r . 15* at 9. O 'Clock A : M : The Town Met Accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to Confer with the Gentlemen Owners 
of the Eopewalks Lately Consumed by Fire, and to take A Survey 
of the Marsh at the Bottom of the Common &c That might be 
Sufficient for Erecting the like Number of Ropewalks As were 
owned by them and consumed have again Considered the Sub- 
ject committed to them, and after repeated Conferences with the 
Parties concerned, report the following Votes to be Adopted by 
the Town Viz*. 

Voted, That there be granted to the Persons hereinafter 
named, being Late owners of Ropewalks consumed by Fire. A 
Peice of Marsh Land and Flats at the Bottom of the Common in 
Boston Including the whole or such part of Fox hill as may 
fall within the bounds hereafter Specified to be held by them 
severally in such parts and upon such Terms and Conditions as 
are herein set forth [434.] The whole of said peice of Land, 
being bounded and Containing as follows Viz*. Beginning at the 
westerly End of Ridge hill five hundred feet from Beacon street 
and running directly towards Eliots Street, as far as the TOWHS 
Land Extends on the West side of Pleasant street, So far as to 
leave A Space of Fifty feet, between this Line, and the End of 
the rail fence projecting down from the Burying Ground on the 
South side of Common, Then Extending 'in Width Three hun- 
dred feet from the Point at which the aboue Described line may 



370 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Strike upon Pleasant Street, being bounded Westerly throughout 
by A line run Parallel with the line first described & beginning 
At the Head of the Towns land at the Southerly part of the marsh, 
and running in A northerly direction Until it shall meet with A 
line drawn from the westerly End of Ridge hill parallel with 
Beacon Street, As is more fully described On A^Plan taken by 
M r . Osgood Carlton, August the Twenty Ninth 1794. And that 
the Said Grantees be Authorized and impowered to Extend the 
Limits of the Land hereby granted Fifty feet over the Flats, they 
relinquishing the same space on the Easterly Side of said Land, 
or to alter the said Limits, so as to Extend across the said Marsh 
in A Diagonal direction Provided they do not in Either case come 
Nearer than fifty feet to the End of the rail [435.] fence Afore- 
said, Nor run Northerly so as to cross the Said line to be run 
parallel with Beacon street. Reserving however Sixty feet in 
Width across the Southerly End of said Peice of Land for A 
Road from Pleasant Street down to the Channel 

Voted, That the first fifty feet of said peice of Land in Width 
reckoning from the Easterly side thereof being Lot N. 1. On the 
Plan aboue mentioned be and hereby is granted to Isaac Davis 
to hold to him his Heirs and Assignes forever 

That the Second fifty feet thereof in Width, being Lot N. 2. 
On said Plan be and hereby is Granted to Jeffry Richardson to 
hold to him and his Heirs and Assignes forever. 

That the Third fifty feet thereof in Width, being Lot N. 3. on 
said Plan be and hereby is Granted to Samuel Emmons to hold 
to him and his Heirs and Assignes for Ever. 

That, the fourth fifty feet thereof in Width being Lot N. 4. in 
said Plan be and hereby Is Granted to William M c .Niel & Archi- 
bald M c .Niel to hold to them, their Heirs & Assignes forever. 

[436.] That, the fifth fifty feet thereof in Width being Lot 
N. 5, on said Plan, be and hereby is Granted to John Codman 
and Richard Codman to Hold to them, their Heirs and Assignes 
forever. 

That the Sixth fifty feet thereof in Width being Lot N. 6. on 
said Plan be and hereby is Granted unto Edward Howe to hold 
to him and to his Heirs and Assignes forever, Reserving however 
a right in the Town to carry Sluices and Drains through the said 
Peice of Land to the Salt water in any Direction, forever. 
Provided Nevertheless, and All the grants aforesaid are upon the 
following Conditions, Viz*. First, That neither of the said 
Grantees, nor their Heirs, nor Assignes, shall at any time here- 
after Erect Or Cause to be Erected, Any Ropewalk upon the 
Lands Where these Late Ropewalks were Consumed by Fire 
Nor any Part thereof 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1794. 371 

Second, That there Never be any other buildings than Ropewalks 
Erected on the Lands hereby Granted Nor More than Six of 
them 

Third, That the Heads of the Ropewalks to be Erected thereon 
be Placed at the Southerly End of the said granted Lands, 
That they shall not be more than One Story in height, Nor the 
Eaves more than Seven feet from the floor, Excepting forty feet 
from the head of Each Walk, for a Store w ch . may be two Stories 
high. They to be built with brick & Covered with Slates 

[437.] Fourth, That the Grantees aforenamed Erect within 
the Space of Two Years from the Present time, at their own 
Expence, A Sufficient Sea Wall in the Opinion of the Selectmen 
for the time being, the whole length of the Said Granted Lands, 
On the Westerly side thereof at A distance not Exceeding Thirty 
feet from the Same, The right of Property in which Wall, if 
Erected without the bounds of the Grant, shall be in the Town. 

And Nothing in the foregoing Grants shall be considered as 
conveying to the said Grantees, or either of them, any right of 
Passage in any direction Across the Common, to or from the 
Granted Lands. 

Voted, That the Selectmen in the Name and behalf of the said 
Town be and hereby are Authorized, and requested to Execute 
good and Sufficient Deeds to Each of the aforesaid Grantees of 
the Lots Respectively Granted to them as aforesaid, upon the 
Conditions, and with the restrictions, and reservations, herein- 
before described, and that they insert in each of the Deeds so to 
be Executed, A Covenant on the part of this Town that they will 
not build any Ropewelk on the Common, nor ever hereafter 
Grant any part thereof for the purpose of building such Walk. 

[438.] Voted, That the Selectmen lay out A Road Sixty 
feet wide from Pleasant Street along the Easterly side of the 
Lands hereby granted, over the marsh toward Beacon Street in 
order to meet A Road that may be op'ened from West Boston 
Bridge, all which is Submitted. 

Thomas Dawes *$ T . order 

The aforegoing report having been largely Debated and amended, 
The Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted and it 
Passed in the affirmative 

The Committee to whom was Referred the Consideration whether 
any Measures shall be taken to prevent future damages to the 
Town, by Erection of Wooden buildings within the Same 
Report 



372 CITY DOCUMENT. 

That the Existing Laws, Passed at different Periods Viz*. 
1692 ,, 1700 ,, and 1760 ,, are Completly Competent to the 
object of their Commission, but Unfortunately Never having been 
enforced, excepting those parts of them relative to Widening the 
Public Streets and opening New ones, They are now become 
Impracticable if not absolute, [obsolete?] 

Your Committee therefore proposes that the Representatives of 
the Town of Boston be instructed [439.] To Obtain from the 
Legislature, A revision of the Laws Referred to, and to Procure 
A New one, Containing most of the principles of the former Acts, 
in which may be included all the Powers Vested in the Select- 
men as to Widening the Streets and Opening New ones, and 
which may Enact That no Public buildings of any kind shall be 
hereafter erected but of Brick and Stone and tiled or Slated, and 
to be without Wooden Gutters unless the same shall be Cased 
with Either Tin or Iron Plates. 

That no Dwelling House, or other Building Exceeding One 
Story shall be built with Wood That no Livery Stable, Rope- 
walk or buildings for any Manufactory shall be Erected at any 
time, in any Part of the Town, but in such Places as the select- 
men shall approve, and be Constructed of such materials As they 
shall Adjudge to be most for the Public Security, and least Sub- 
ject to Conflagration all which is Submitted 

Will m . Tudor ^ r . order 

And that A Clause be inserted to Subject the Town at large, to 
A heavy Penalty for every building Suffered to be Erected Con- 
trary to the Law 

[44O.] The aforegoing report having been read and debated, 
The same was referred to the Next Town Meeting, for further 
consideration, and that previous to said meeting The Report be 
Published for the information of the Inhabitants 

Voted, that all matters unfinished be referred over to the Next 
General Town Meeting. 

Voter, That the thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
To the Honorable Thorn 8 . Crafts Esq r . for his good Services as 
Moderator of this Meeting 

Then the meeting was 
Dissolved 



At A meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston Duly qualified and legally warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Friday the Tenth day of 
October Anno Domini 171*4: at 10. O'Clock A : M : 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1794. 373 

Warrant for calling the meeting read 

[441.] Honorable Thomas Crafts Esq r . 

Chosen Moderator by A hand Vote 

The Votes being brought in for A Fire Ward in the room of 
Thomas Tileston deceas d . it appeared That IVlajor Andrew Cun- 
ningham was chosen A Fire Ward. Unanimously 

The Article in the Warrant to consider and Adopt the most 
Equal and commodious mode of raising the Town's Proportion 
of the 80,000 Men ordered to be detached from the Militia of 
the United States by Congress at their Last Session was read, 
whereupon 

Voted, unanimously That the Officers Commanding Companies 
in the Boston regiment and other Corps, be and hereby are 
Authorized to Offer to Every Soldier who shall Voluntarily enroll 
himself in the Detachment ordered to be raised out of this Town 
as their Proportion of 80,000 men ordered to be detached from 
the Militia of the United States, by Congress at their Last Ses- 
sion, the Sum of Five Dollars as A Bounty to be paid Mm at the 
time of his Enlistment and the Town Treasurer is hereby Author- 
ized for to borrow for the Town a sum Sufficient to pay the said 
Bounty and is directed to pay the aforesaid sum of Five Dollars 
to Each man Enrolled upon [442.] the Certificate of the Officer 
to whose Company he belongs, and when the said Detachment 
shall be Called into actual Service, Each man shall be allowed a 
Sum in Addition to the pay Allowed by Congress, to make his 
monthly wages Equal to Ten Dollars ^9 r . Month. 

Article relative to further Grants to School masters read 
whereupon 

Voted, That this Article be referred Over to the School Com- 
mittee, with A request that they would take the Same into their 
Consideration and act thereon as they Judge reasonable 

Then the meeting was 
Dissolved 



At A Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston Qualified to vote for Representatives to the Gen- 
eral Court of this Commonwealth, and legally Warned in Public 
Town Meeting, Assembled at Faneuil Hall the first monday of 
November Anno Domini 1794. being the 3 d . day of said month 
10. O'Clock A: M: 

[443.] Prayer was made by the Reverend M r . Eliot 



374 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 

Resolve of the General Court for the choice of Representatives 
for the Next Congress of the United States Read 

It was then Declared by the Selectmen that The Poll -would 
be Closed at half past one O'Clock & the Bells to begin tolling at 
One .O'Clock 

Persons Voted for As A Representative for the first middle 
district of this Commonwealth in the Next Congress of the United 

States 

Votes 

Hon ble . Fisher Ames Esq r . 1627 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . 1182 

Hon ble . John Coffin Jones Esq r . 2 
Samuel Jarvis Esq r . 1 



2812 

An Attested Copy of the Persons Voted for as aboue were Com- 
mitted to the Chairman of the Selectmen, Ezekiel Price Esq r . To 
be by him delivered to the Secretary of this Commonwealth, and 
the Inclosure sealed up in Town Meeting, Superscribed as fol- 
lows Viz* 

For John Avery Esq r . 

Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusets 

[444.] List of Votes, for A Representative for the first 
middle district of this Common Wealth to the Next Congress of 
the United States from the Town of Boston 

Jury Return On the Warrant for the Estimating the Damage 
&c &G on Widening the Streets in Atkinson & Purchase Street & 
Cow Lane 

Suffolk ss : To Edward Procter, Nathaniel Hall, William Brown, 

Thomas Bayley, Edw d . Tyler, John Tyleston, John 

(SEAL) Deming, Nath 1 . Shepard, Moses May, Thomas Fleet, 

John Winslow and Samuel Ruggles Esq r . Greet- 

(SEAL) 

ing: 

Whereas, in and by an Act made and Passed by the Great and 
General Court or Assembly of the Late Province of the Massa- 
chusetts bay, begun And held At Boston the Eighth day of June, 
One Thousand Six hundred and Ninety two And Continued by 
Adjournment unto the Twelfth day of October following ; 

It was Enacted, that it shall be in the power of the Justices of 
the Peace in the Town of Boston, together with the Selectmen (or 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1794. 375 

Major Part of Each Assenting thereto) That in all Void and un- 
built Places, which shall hereafter be improved [445.] for build- 
ing, or when at any time any total Consumption or desolation 
shall happen in any Streets or Lanes within the said Town, To 
State and lay out such Streets, Ways and Passages, as may be 
most for the Conveniency and accommodation of the Place 

As Also where any desolation has happened to regulate and 
enlarge other Narrow and Crooked Lanes or Passages, And 
Where any Particular Person shall have their Lands taken away. 
Or Lessened thereby ; A Jury of Twelve Men shall be Appointed 
by two Justices of the Peace, and Sworn to Ascertain the Value 
thereof to be paid by the Person to whose Lands the Same shall 
be Added, or by the Neighbourhood or the Town in Proportion to 
the benefit or conveniency They shall have thereby ; 

And whereas Desolation has lately happened in some of the 
Streets and Lanes within the said Town, hereinafter more Partic- 
ularly mentioned, And Described, And whereas A Major Part 
of the Justices, and A Major Part of the Selectmen in the Town 
of Boston aforesaid, in Pursuance of the aforesaid Act have 
Widened, regulated and Enlarged the following Part or Parts of 
Streets and Lanes Viz*. Beginning at the East side of Cow 
Lane opposite to Mess- M c . Niel and Sons Rope Walk (Now 
burned) And Belonging to Jeffrey [446.] Richardson, there 
measuring forty one feet Six Inches, long, and four feet Eight 
Inches wide at one End, and three feet at the other 

Another piece belonging to said Richardson on the East side of 
Cow Lane and South of Atkinsons Street, Sixty two feet long and 
four feet Eight Inches wide at one End & Three feet wide at the 
other End 

Another piece belonging to said Richardson, South and Butting on 
Atkinsons Street leading to Thorn 8 . Russells Wharf Forty Seven 
feet Seven Inches, long, Seven feet Two Inches wide at one End 
and Eight feet Two Inches at The other End 

Another piece Belonging to Thomas Davis on the East side of 
Cow Lane and North of Atkinsons Street, on A Triangular form 
of Eleven feet long, and Three feet Six Inches wide and running 
to A point. 

Another Piece Belonging to said Davis of fifteen feet Long and 
running to A Point, Also 

Another Piece belonging to said Davis on the West side of Pur- 
chase Street & North of Atkinson's Street, forty Nine feet three 
Inches long and five feet Nine Inches Wide at the one End and 
Six feet at the other. 



376 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Lands Belonging to the heirs of the Late John Gray beginning on 
the East of Cow lane, A Corner and North of Atkinsons Street 
Seventy feet six Inches long, and Three feet wide at one End & 
nine feet at the other 

[447.] Another Piece belonging to said Gray on Atkinsons 
Street and leading to Thomas Russells Wharf, One hundred & 
five feet long and four feet four Inches wide at one End, and 
Three feet Eight Inches at the other End 

Another Piece belonging to said Gray at the East side of, And 
on Cow lane South of Atkinsons Street, One hundred & Eleven 
feet long, And five feet four Inches wide at one End, And One 
foot Nine Inches at the other 

Another Piece belonging to Said Gray, South of Atkinsons Street, 
and West on Purchase Street, One hundred and Six feet Eight 
Inches long, and [blank] feet Eight Inches Wide at one End And 
five feet five Inches at the other 

Another piece belonging to Thomas Brewer, North of Atkinsons 
Street and West of Purchase Street, Ninety one feet long and 
Three feet Eight Inches wide at one End, and One foot Six 
Inches at the other, leading to Russells Store. 

Also Another Piece belonging to said Brewer, North of Atkinsons 
Street and butted West on Purchase Street, Seventy Three feet 
Six Inches long and four feet four Inches wide at One End, and 
Three feet Two Inches at the other 

[448.] Another piece Belonging to Coll Dawes and Occu- 
pied by Judge Dawes, on the East Side of & On Cow Lane, and 
South of Atkinsons Street, A Triangular piece, Forty feet Eight 
Inches long, and Nine Inches wide to A point. 

Another piece West, and on Cow Lane, and South of Atkinson 
Street, owned by Cap*. William Cowell, Ninety one feet Two 
Inches long and Three feet wide at one End, and five feet at the 
other. 

Another Peice West and on Cow Lane South of Atkinsons Street, 
Owned by the Widow Low, forty four feet Seven Inches long and 
five fee f wide at one End, and five feet Six Inches at the other 

Another Piece belonging to George Blanchard, West on Cow 
Lane, and South on Atkinsons Street, Seventy two feet long, and 
five feet Six Inches wide at one End, and Six feet Six Inches at 
the other 

Another Piece belonging to Coll Dawes, West and on Cow lane, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1794. 377 

South of Atkinsons Street Eighty four feet ; Six feet Six Inches 
wide at one End, and running to A Point of Six Inche's 

Another Piece belonging to M- Lois Clouston, South of Atkinsons 
Street and between Cow lane & Purchase Street, Forty five feet 
Two Inches long, and Eight feet Two Inches wide at one End, 
and Eight feet Six Inches at the other. 

[449.] Another Piece belonging to Sam 1 . P. Savage, South of 
Atkinsons Street, and between Cow Lane and Purchase Street, 
Ninety Eight feet Three Inches Long, and Eight feet Six Inches 
Wide at one End, and Ten feet wide at y e . other 

Another Piece belonging to said Savage, West on Purchase Street 
(from the Corner) Sixty four feet Seven Inches long, and five feet 
four Inch 8 . Wide at one End, & five feet Eight Inches at the 
Other End. 

Also Another Piece belonging to said Savage, South of Atkinsons 
Street, and on the East side of Purchase Street, Eighty one feet 
Six Inches long, and Seven feet Nine Inches wide at one End, 
and the Same at the other 

Another Piece belonging to Coll Thomas Dawes, South of 
Atkinsons Street, and on the East side of Purchase Street, forty 
feet long and Seven feet wide at one End, and five feet four 
Inches at the other 

Another Piece belonging to Samuel Bangs East side of, and on 
Purchase Street, fifty Plight feet long, and five feet Six Inches 
wide at one End, & Six feet four Inches at the other. 

Another Piece Vacant Land. East on Purchase street, and North 
of Atkinson Street, Seventy feet four Inches long, Six feet four 
Inches wide at one End, & Seven feet Six Inches at the other. 

[45O.] Another Piece belonging to Samuel Dillaway, South of 
Atkinsons Street and on the East side of Purchase Street, Ninety 
five feet, Eight Inches long, And Seven feet Nine Inches wide at 
one End, & Seven feet at the other. 

Another piece belonging to James Tate, North of Atkinsons Street 
and West on Purchase Street fifty feet long, and four feet four 
Inches wide at one End and five feet six Inches at the other. 

Another piece on the High[way] North of Atkinsons Street, And 
West on Purchase Street, sixteen feet Eight Inches, and five feet 
six Inches wide at one End, and five feet Nine Inches wide at the 
Other End 



378 CITY DOCUMENT. 

t 

Wherefore in pursuance of the Power given and Granted to us 
the Subscribers, being two of the Justices of the Peace of said 
Town; Do hereby appoint you the said Edward Procter, 
Nathaniel Hall, AVilliam Brown, Thomas Bayley, Edward Tyler, 
John Tileston, John Deming, Nathaniel Shepard, Moses May, 
Thomas Fleet, John Winslow and Samuel Ruggles Esq r . A 
Jury (after You have Sworn) to go and view the Lands & Prem- 
ises Aforesaid belonging to the Several Persons aforenamed 
(who will be Notified to Attend if they see cause) that are taken 
away from them and added to the streets and Lanes aforesaid or 
either of them, and You are to ascertain [451.] The damages 
that any Person or Persons have Sustained by having their 
Lands and Premises taken away and Added to the Streets and 
Lanes aforesaid 

You are Likewise to determine by whom such damages and 
the Costs and Charges Attending such business shall be paid 
And if it shall appear to you that the Estate of any Person or 
Persons are in Any wise benefited, or the Neighborhood or the 
Town, by the laying out or widening of any of the said Streets or 
Lanes, You are to Assess Each of said Persons in the Neighbor- 
hood, or the Town, such A Proportion of the said Damages, and 
Costs as to you shall appear Just and Equitable 

And as soon as you have Completed the Same, You are to 
make return hereof with your doings therein under your hands 
to us, or to one of us that the Same may be Entered with the 
Records of Said Town 

AVitness our hands & Seals this Seventeenth day of December 
in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Ninety 
four 

Thomas Crafts ) T ,. ,. , 

T^ i i TD f Justices of the Peace 

Ezek 1 . Price j 

[452.] "We, the Subscribers being A Jury appointed in, and 
by the Warrant hereunto Annexed for the Purposes therein 
Mentioned being duly Sworn, Went to and upon the Lands and 
Premises taken away from the abutters and Added to the Several 
Streets, Namely Purchase Street, Atkinsons Street, and Cow lane 
Staked and laid out, by the Justices of the Peace, and the Select- 
men of the Town of Boston, as Particularly mentioned in said 
Warrant, And having Notified the Proprietors of said Land, and 
fully heard them, and Carefully viewed the Same. 

Find that the Land and Premises taken from the Several Per- 
sons and Added to the Streets Aforesaid, are Conformable to the 
Admeasurements in the Warrant, And the Plan laid before us. 

Have Assessed the Town of Boston As by the following 
Schedule Viz*. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1794. 



379 



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BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1794. 381 

[454.] And we do report our Determination thereupon, tLat 
there be paid by the Town of Boston to the following persons, 
their Heirs and Assignes for damages sustain'd in or before the 
first of June next. Viz 1 . 

Jeffry Richardson Twenty five pounds 

Thomas Davis Six pounds Nine shillings 

John Gray's estate Thirty two Pounds two shillings 

Thomas Brewer Ten pounds ten shillings 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . Nine pounds 

William Cowell Six pounds twelve shillings 

Widow Low Four pounds ten shillings 

George Blanchard Eight pounds 

M r8 . Clouston Fifteen pounds 

Samuel P. Savage Twelve pounds 

Samuel Bangs Sixty pounds 

Samuel Dillaway Seven pounds ten shillings 

James Tate Fifteen pounds 

And That there be allowed and paid to the Sheriff for his Ser- 
vices Thirty shillings, to each of the two Justices who issued the 
warrant thirty shillings, and to each Jury-man the sum of forty 
eight shillings, amounting in the whole to the sum of Thirty three 
pounds six shillings for their Time, Trouble & Expen ces in the 
Business assigned them as aforesaid. 

Edward Proctor 

Given under our Hands Nathaniel Hall 
Boston December 23 d . William Brown 
1794. Thomas Bayley 

Edward Tyler 

John Tileston 

John Deming 

To the Gentlemen Nathaniel Shepard 

Selectmen of Boston. Moses May 

The before written war- Thomas Fleet 
rant with the doings John Winslow 

thereon, being return'd Samuel Ruggles 

to us the Subscribers, 
We do transmit the same 
to you in order that 
they may be Entered 
in the records of said *S ^ 

Town. g 

Boston Thomas Crafts ) -J p, 

Dec r . 24 te ; Ezekiel Price > % 
1794. )*' 

[455.] At a meeting of the Freeholders, and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, at Faneuil Hall, on Monday the 2 d . 
day of February 10 Clock A : M : being duly qualified and legally 
warned in public town meeting assembled 



382 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Warrant for calling the meeting Read. 

Hon ble . Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote. 

The article relative to wooden Buildings, and the report of the 
Committee relative thereto read, whereupon the same was taken 
up by Paragraphs, and after debate it was moved, and Voted that 

Thomas Edwards Esq r . 

John Lowell Jun r . Esq r . 

M r . Joseph Nye 

John Winslow Esq r . 

Joseph Blake Jun r . Esq r . 

be a Committee to consider that Paragraph in the Report of the 
Committee relative to Public Buildings and to report what was 
intended, by Buildings for carrying on manufactures 

The Petition of Luther Eames and others relative to the intro- 
duction of fresh water into Boston was laid before the town in 
compliance with an order of the General Court : was read, 
whereupon, 

Voted. That the Town approve of the plan proposed in the 
Petition of Luther Eames and others, for the bringing fresh 
Water by subterranean Pipes into the Town of Boston, and have 
no objection to their being incorporated for that purpose, pro- 
vided that in the Act of incorporation they are held to put the 
streets, which shall be opened for that purpose in as good repair 
as they were before, and that such other Guards and restrictions 
shall be made, as will secure the Town from injury by undertaking 
the Business. 

Adjourned to 3 Clock P. M. - 
Three "Clock P. M. Met according to agreement. 

The Committee chosen in the Forenoon reported, and after 
debate the Question was put viz*, whether the same shall be 
accepted Passed in the negative. 

[456.] It was then moved and Voted that any further 
consideration on the report relative to wooden Buildings subside, 
and the report was not accepted. 

Then the meeting was 
Dissolved 



At a meeting of the freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1795. 383 

Town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 
11 th . day of Feb*. 1795. 10 oClock A. M. 

Warrant for calling the meeting read 

Hon ble . Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote. 

The Article in the warrant, viz*. to take the sense of the 
Town on the propriety of adopting any further measures for the 
accomodation of the General Court with a piece of Land, for 
the purpose of erecting a new Court house read as also the 
request for calling this meeting and after debate had thereon, 

Voted, almost unanimously that 

William Tudor Esq r . 

William Eustis Esq r . 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . 

Perez Morton Esq r . 

John C. Jones Esq r . 

M r . Treasurer Russell 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

Harrison G. Otis Esq r . 

William Little Esq r . 

be a Committee for the purpose of procuring for the Common- 
wealth a piece of land proper for building a State house, and that 
they be authorized to make any contract for the purchase of it, 
for that purpose or to convey any piece of the Lands owned by 
the Town within the same, to the Commonwealth, which they 
[457.] may deem expedient for the interest of the Town, for the 
purpose of erecting a State house, not alienating any part of 
the Common, unless the accomodation cannot be had on any 
other terms. 

The Town Clerk was prevented by the Moderator from putting 
the Question for a Vote of thanks, for his good services. so the 
meeting was dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned, in public 
town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the ninth 
day of March Anno Domini 1795. 10 OClock Forenoon. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Eckley. 
Warrant for calling the meeting read 
Sundry Laws to be read at this meeting, were accordingly read. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 



334 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes, for a Town Clerk, and the same being brought in and 
counted, it appeared that 

William Cooper Esq r . 

was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensuing, and an Oath of 
Office was administered to him by M r . Justice Crafts. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes, for nine Selectmen and upon sorting them it appeared, that 
the following Gentlemen, viz. 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

Thomas Walley Esq r . 

Deacon W m . Boardman 

M r . Eben r . Seaver 
[458.] Thomas Crafts Esq r . 

Thomas Edwards Esq r . 

M r . William Little 

M r . Charles Bulfinch (resigned) 

William Scollay Esq r . 
were chosen Selectmen for the year ensuing. 

M r . Joseph Russell 

was chosen Town Treasuier for the year ensuing, and the Oath 
of Office administered to him by the Town Clerk, the choice was 
unanimous. 

Voted That the Town Treasurer give bond with sureties to the 
Satisfaction of the Selectmen, in the penalty of ten thousand 
pounds, for the faithful discharge of the duties of his Office. 

The Inhabitants having voted as directed for 12 Overseers of 
the Poor on counting and sorting the same it appeared that 

Jon a . Mason Esq r . (resigned) 

John White Esq r . (ditto) 

Edward Proctor Esq r . 

John Sweetser Esq r . 

Sam 1 . Parkman Esq r . (resigned) 

Jon a . L. Austin Esq r . 

M r . Edw d . Edes 

Henry Hill Esq r . 

John Codman Esq r 

M r . Will m . Smith 

W m . Phillips Jun r . Esq r . 

Stephen Gorham Esq r . 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

Votes for a Treasurer of the County of Suffolk, brought in and 
counted by the Moderator and the Town Clerk, when it appeared, 
that the whole number was two hundred eighty three, of which 
two hundred and fifty one were for Thomas Crafts Egq r . twenty 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1795. 385 

eight for M r . Sam 1 . Clap and four for M r . Joseph Eussell, all 
discreet suitable persons, being freeholders, and residents [459.] 
in said County. 

Mem . An attested Copy ^hereof was given to Ezekiel Price 
Esq r . Clerk of the Sessions by Col Crafts. 

The Inhabitants having as directed bro't in their votes for 
sixteen fire wards, and the same being sorted and counted it 
appeared that 

John Winthrop Esq r . 

Thomas Melvill Esq r . 

Jabez Hatch Esq r . 

Joseph Russell Jun r . Esq r . 

M r . Edward Edes 

Samuel Parkman Esq r . 

Amasa Davis Esq r . 

M r . Russell Sturgis 

Henry Jackson Esq r . 

Cap*. Mungo Mackay 

William Scollay Esq r . 

William Little Esq r . 

M r . James Tisdale 

Joseph May Esq r . 

Capt. Robert Gardner 

Major Andrew Cunningham 
were chose Fire wards for the ensuing year. 

Voted, That the assessors be, and hereby are directed to set 
for such abatements of taxes as they shall judge reasonable, two 
days in each week after the delivery of the tax books, to the Col- 
lectors for the space of six weeks and no longer, saving that they 
be allowed to set, the last Week in February, Lords days ex- 
cepted, for the abatement of the taxes of such persons as had 
not the opportunity of applying in the above limited time, by 
reason of their being out of the Commonwealth, or any other 
unavoidable hindrance, and that the assessors determine on the 
said two days, which is to be noted on the tax bills to be delivered 
the Inhabitants. 

The Votes having been brought in as directed for five Asses- 
sors, it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen 
Assessors for the year ensuing, viz. 

[46O.] Giles Harris Esq r . (sworn) 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . d. 
John R. Sigourney d. 
M r . Caleb Blanchard d. 
M r . Thomas Hichborn d. 

Jonathan Mason Esq r . having declined serving as an Overseer 



386 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Voted that the thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
Jon a . Mason Esq r . for his good and faithful services as an Over- 
seer of the Poor for thirty years past. 

John White Esq r ., another of the Overseers having resigned, 
he also received the thanks of the town for the like services a 
great number of years past. 

Mess re . Shubael Hewes 
Benj a . Romans 

John Butterfield (declines) 

James Perkins (d-) 

John Bosson 
Henry Cumpston 
Sam 1 . White 
Enoch May 
David Lewis 
Thomas Stevenson 
Robert Smallpiece 
Andrew Townsend 
were chosen Constables for the year ensuing. 

Mess. Eliakim Morse 
Seth Wells 
John Doubleday 
Joseph Callender 
Edw d . Davis Jun r . 
Minot Thaj^er 
W m . P. Blake 
Joseph Carnes 
John W. Blanchard 
John Gardner 
Eben r . Larkin 
W m . Furness 
were chosen Clerks of the Market for the year ensuing. 

Adjourned to 3 Clock P. M. 
[461.] 3 O.Clock P. M. Town met 

The Selectmen 
were chosen Surveyors of high ways. 

M r . Abraham Adams 
was chosen informer of Deer for the year ensuing. 

Voted, that Herman Brimmer 

Joseph Russell Jun r . 
Sam 1 . Brown Esq r . 
be, and hereby are appointed a Committee to audit the accompts 



BOSTON TOWN RECOKDS, 1795. 387 

of the Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor ; and said Committee 
are also directed to report the sum necessary to be raised for the 
service of the present year. 

Mess re . Benj a . White 
Moses Ayres 
Tho 8 . Rice 

Will m . Todd (declines) 
were chose Fence viewers for the year ensuing. 

Mess rs . Tho 8 . Bradley 
David Holly 
Matthew Loring 
W m . Billings 
were chosen Sealers of Leather for the year ensuing. 

Mess. Jeffry Richardson 

Isaac Davis 
were chose Surveyors of Hemp for the year ensuing. 

Mess re . Edward Jones 

Richard Horsfall 
Francis Booth 
were chose Haywards for the year ensuing. 

Mess. George Cammell 

Daniel Bell 
were chose Hogreeves for the year ensuing. 

Mess^. Joshua Weatherly 

John Wells 
were chosen Assaymasters for the ensuing year. 

Edward Tuckerman Esq r . 
M r . Edw d . Edes 
were chosen Surveyors of wheat for the year ensuing. 

[462 J Mess re . Jirah Holbrook 
Joseph Gleason 
Cap 1 . Alden Bass 
William Jennings 
Thomas Batter 
were chosen Sealers of Wood for the year ensuing 

Voted, That in addition to the Selectmen twelve persons shall 
now be chosen as a School Committee, and the Votes being 
brought in counted, and sorted, it appeared that the following 
Gentlemen were chosen, viz. 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

Rev d . Sam 1 . West 

Rev d . John Lathrop D. D. 



388 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Jon a . L. Austin Esq r . 

Will m . Tudor Esq r . 

D r . Tho 8 . Welsh 

Rev d . John Clark 

M r . Will m . Smith 

D r . Aaron Dexter 

Hon ble . George R. Minot Esq r . 

D r . David Townsend 

Rev d . Sam 1 . Stillman D. D. 

Voted, That the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are termed the School Committee be, and hereby 
are directed to carry the new system of Education, which has 
been adopted by the Town, into approbation : and said Com- 
mittee are also authorized and empowered conjunctly to manage 
and regulate the affairs and Government of the Schools, and in 
future to exercise all the Powers, relating to the Schools and 
School masters, which the Selectmen, or such Committees are 
authoriz'd by the -Laws of this Commonwealth, or the Votes of 
this town to exercise.; any former Votes of the Town notwith- 
standing. 

Article in the warrant relative to supplying the Treasury 
read and after some debate it was moved and carried that this 
subside. 

The Votes being brought in for four Collectors of Taxes it 
appeared that 

Mess rs . Benj a . Henderson 
[463.] Thomas Bayley 

James Thompson 
Benj a . Jepson 
were chosen Collectors of taxes for the year ensuing. 

Mess rs . John Champney 

Joseph Bentley 

Benj a . Page 

John Cogswell 

Abraham Hay ward 

Benj a . White 

James Blake 

James Robins 

Edmund Ranger 

William Clouston 

William Darracott 

Gibbins Bouve 

were chosen Surveyors of Boards & Shingles for the year ensu- 
ing. 

Mess. Joseph Loring 

Thomas Barber 

George Singleton 

Edward Burt 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1795. 389 

Thomas Foster 
William Parkman 
John Bray 
Henry Purket 
Jon a . Gushing 
James Barry 
Hezekiah Hudson 
Phillip Hichborn 
Joseph Whittemore 
were chosen cullers of Staves & Hoops for the year ensuing. 

Votes for an Inspector of Stone Lime having been brought in 
it appeared that 

M r . Joseph Blake (declines) 
was chose Inspector of Stone Lime for the year ensuing. 

Voted, That 5 ^ r . Cent be, and hereby is allowed to the Col- 
lectors of taxes for the year ensuing, for all such sums of money 
and public securities as [464.] they shall collect and pay into 
the several Treasurers, of the sums committed to them to collect, 
also that such Collectors shall give Bond, with sufficient sureties 
to the satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful discharge of 
their duty in said Office, and complying with this vote, and that 
they will not receive any premium or gratuity for discounting any 
orders, notes, or receipts, from the Treasurer of this State, or 
the Treasurer of this Town. 

On motion, Voted, That the Town Treasurer be directed to 
pay the several Schoolmasters out of the first monies he receives. 

The Article in the warrant, viz : what measures the Town will 
take in consequence of the grant of a Township of Land at the 
eastern part of this Commonwealth, obtained on the petition of 
the Selectmen for the purpose of erecting and building a Hospital 
in the town of Boston read, whereupon 
Voted that 

the Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Hon ble . Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
William Little Esq r . 
Thomas Edwards Esq r . 
John Codman Esq r . 

be a Committee to consider and report on this Article at the next 
May meeting. 

The article in the warrant relative to the dimensions of the 
Rope walk Buildings &c &c. read, whereupon after some debate, 
Voted, that this article be left for consideration to the Selectmen, 
they to settle this matter as they shall judge most for the interest 
of the Town, upon the most liberal construction of the Votes 
passed by the Town, relative to the Rope walks at the bottom of 
the Common. 



390 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The petition of W m . Darracott and Jon a . Loring for an allow- 
ance on losses sustained by a contract for building the North 
Reading School, read whereupon Voted. That the 
Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
William Little Esq r . 
William Bell Esq r . 

[465.] be a Committee to consider the same and report 
thereon. 

The Article in the warrant relative to a Well, left to a 
Selectmen to act thereon as they may judge proper. 

Voted, That all matters and things which shall remain unfin- 
ished at this meeting be referred over to May meeting. 

Voted, that the thanks of the Town be given to the Hou ble . 
Tho 8 . Crafts Esq r . for his good services as Moderator. 

Then the meeting was 
dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned, in public 
Town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 23 d . 
day of March A. D. 1795. 10 Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling the meeting read 

Hon ble . Thomas Crafts Esq v . 
chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote. 

A communication in the Paper of this day published by M r . 
Edes, " reflecting on the conduct of the Selectmen in collecting 
and counting the Votes for School Committee at a late meeting, 
was read whereupon Voted, that M r . Edes be sent for, M r . 
Edes appeared, and being questioned as to said publication, in- 
formed the Town that it was brought him by M r . Sam 1 . How, 
whereupon M r . How was sent for, but previous to his coming 
into meeting M r . John Vinal, master of the writing School in 
the Common,- read and handed in to the Moderator a paper by 
him signed, and purporting that for various reasons he should 
resign the School the first of June next which would complete 14 
years since he re-entered into the service of the Town. 

[466.] M r . Vinal then acquainted the Town, that he had 
communicated what had been carried to the Press by M r . How, 
and gave his reasons for a justification of his conduct herein. 

M r . Howe then appeared and after some altercation between 
him and M r . Vinal, as also with the Selectmen, which were duly 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1795. 391 

considered by the Town it was moved and Voted, unani- 
mously. 

That the reflections contained in the Boston Gazette of this 
date to the disadvantage of the Selectmen of this Town is wholly 
unfounded, and that the Selectmen will continue to deserve the 
confidence of their Fellow Citizens. 

An advertisement in the Centinel of Saturday last, for the sale 
of Town Orders, was read, and it being the sense of the Town 
that such a publication was greatly injurious to its interest, it 
was moved and voted that the Printer, M r . Benj a . Russell, be 
sent for 

M r . Russell appeared, and being questioned by the Moderator, 
declared, that M r . Bingham, master of the Reading school in 
School street, was the Person who handed to him said Adver- 
tisement. 

M r . Bingham being sent for, appeared, and owned himself to 
be the writer of said advertisement, and after considerable 
[evidence] had been offered by the Town to show the destructive 
tendency of such publications, and practices it was moved, 
and Voted, that this matter subside. 

The Votes being brought in for one Selectman in the room of 
M r . Bulfinch, who has resigned, it appeared that 

M r . Jesse Putnam 
was chosen a Selectman for the year ensuing. 

The Votes being brought in for three Overseers of the Poor, it 
appeared that 

Mess 18 . Oliver Brewster 

Arnold Wells Jun r . 
D r . Redford Webster 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the year ensuing. 

[467.] M r . Bulfinch as a Selectman, and M r . Parkman as 
an Overseer received the thanks of the Town for their good services 
in those Offices a number of years past. 

The Votes being brought in for 3 cullers of Dry Fish, it ap 
peared that 

Cap 1 . Roger Bartlett 

Cap 1 . Joseph Doble 

Cap*. David Bruce 
were chose cullers of Dry Fish for the year ensuing. 

Mess. John Cades 

Thomas Tenant 
were chose Constables for the year ensuing. 



392 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Selectmen are directed to insert in the next warrant an 
Article relative to procuring better accommodations for the Town 
Poor in the Alms House. 

The Votes, being brought in for an Inspector of Stone Lime, 
in the room of M r . Blake who declines serving, it appeared that 
M r . Edward Rurnley was chosen. _ 

Voted, that any matter unfinish'd be referr'd over to May 
meeting. 

Voted, that the thanks of the town be given to the Hon bte . 
Tho 8 . Crafts Esq r . for his good services as Moderator. 

Then the meeting was 
dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, of 
twenty one years of age and upwards, qualified as the Constitu- 
tion prescribes, and legally warned, in public town meeting 
assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Monday the 6 th . day of April 
Anno Domini 1795. 

Prayer by the Rev d . John Clark. 
Warrant for Calling Meeting, read. 

[468.] Paragraph of the Constitution or frame of Govern- 
ment relative to the choice of Governour, Lieutenant Governour, 
and Senators read. 

It was then declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes would 
be received, but such as were unfolded, and that they propose 
the Poll should be closed at half past One OClock, the Votes to 
be received at the table and the Bell to begin tolling at One 
Clock. 

Persons Voted for as Governour, with the number of the Votes 
for each Person viz. 

Votes 

His Excellency Samuel Adams Esq r . 2008 

Thomas Russell Esq r . ----- 6 
William Cushing Esq r . - - - - 10 

Elbridge Gerry Esq r . 7 

Sam 1 . Phillips Esq r . - - 1 

Increase Sumner Esq r . - 1 

Moses Gill Esq r . - 1 

John Vinal Esq r . 6 

Sam 1 . Hewes Esq r . 2 

Benj a . Austin Jun r . Esq r . - - - 1 



BOSTON TOWN RECOKDS, 1795. 393 

Persons Voted for as Lieutenant Governour with the number of 
Votes for each Person, viz 

Votes 

His Honour Moses Gill Esq r . 2029 

Tho 8 . Russell Esq r . .... 6 

Sam 1 . Adams Esq r . 1 

James Bowdoin Esq r . 4 

Sam 1 . Hewes ------- 4 

Adam Colson - 2 

Edw d . H. Robins Esq r . .... l 

Elbridge Gerry Esq r . 1 

Persons Voted for as Senators for the County of Suffolk, with 
the number of votes for each Person, viz. 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . 2040 

Hon ble . Benj a . Austin Jun r . Esq r . - - - 825 

Hon ble . Oliver Wendell Esq r . 2003 

Hon ble . Charles Cushing Esq r . .... 791 

Theophilus Cushing Esq r . 1259 

Hon ble . John Coffin Jones Esq r . - - - - 1233 

[469.1 Hon ble . Tho 8 . Russell Esq r . 3 

Jon a . Mason Esq r . - 5 

8am 1 . Brown Esq r . - 1 

Henry Hill Esq r . 1 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . 3 

Tho 8 . Crafts Esq r . 2 

W m . Eustis Esq r . 1 

Sam 1 . Adams, Truckman .... 1 

Attested Copies of the Persons voted for as Governour, Lieu- 
tenant Governour and Senators for the County of Suffolk, were 
committed to the Secretary of this Commonwealth, aud the in- 
closures sealed up in town meeting superscribed as follows, viz. 
For 

John Avery Esq r . 

Secretary of the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts. 

The number of Votes of the town of Boston, for a Governour, 
Lieu*. Governour and four Senators, for the County of Suffolk, 
certified within and sealed up in town meeting, 

Then the meeting was 
dissolved . 



At a meeting of the qualified Voters of the town of Boston 
legally convened at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 6 th . day of 
May, Anno Domini 1795. 10 O Clock A. M. agreeable to a 
precept, issued for that purpose. 



394 CITY DOCUMENT. 

"Warrant for calling the meeting read. 
Precept, and the resolve of the General Court read. 
Adjourned to 3 "Clock P. M. - 
3 Clock P. M. met according to adjournment. 

The Precept and resolve of the General Court, for calling the 
said meeting was read and after the matter had been fully 
debated and due consideration had thereon 

Votes 

[47O.] The number of votes for revising the Constitu- 

tution _ _ 78 

The number of votes against revising the Con- 
stitution ..49 

The Selectmen made declaration accordingly and the number 
of votes, for and against the revising the Constitution, were then 
sealed up in town meeting, and the same was directed to the 
Secretary of the Commonwealth and given to M r . Peirce for 
delivery . 

Then the meeting was 
dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders, and other Inhabitants of the 
town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned, in public 
town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 11 th . 
day of May Anno Domini 1795. 10 Clock, A. M. 

Prayer made by the Rev d . M r . Freeman. 
Warrant for calling the meeting read 

That part of the Constitution or frame of Government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives read 

Sundry Laws to be read at said meeting, were accordingly 
read. 

The town having determined by a Vote to choose seven persons 
to represent them to the General Court, of Massachusetts, to be 
held in the State House, in Boston, on the last Wednesday of 
May, Current, agreeably to the Constitution or frame of Govern- 
ment for Massachusetts, the Inhabitants were directed by the 
Selectmen to withdraw, and bring in their Votes, for seven repre- 
sentatives, and then it was declared by the Selectmen, that no 
Votes would be received but such as are unfolded, and that they 
intend the Poll shall be closed at a half past One Clock, Bell to 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1795. 395 

toll a little before that time. Assessors and Collectors directed 
to attend. 

The Votes being brought in for seven Representatives the num- 
ber of the same were found to be 1957. and upon sorting them it 
appeared that [471.] only the six following Gentlemen had 
obtain'd a majority of Votes, viz. 

Votes 

Jon a . Mason Esq r . 1915 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . - - - - - 1125 

William Tudor Esq r . 1947 

Tho 8 . Edwards Esq r . - - - - - 1051 

William Eustis Esq r . 1953 

Will m . Little Esq r . 1054 

and declaration was made by the Selectmen accordingly. 

Adjourned to Wednesday next, 10 Clock A. M. having previ- 
ously chosen Col. Crafts Moderator by a hand Vote, to transact 
the other Business mentioned in the Warrant. 

May 13. 1795. 10 "Clock, A. M. met according to adjourn- 
ment. 

The Selectmen presiding 

The Votes being brought in as directed for one Representative, 
the number of the same were found to be at the closing of the 
Poll, at a half past One oClock 1814 Votes 

And upon sorting them it appeared that 
Stephen Gorham Esq r . 

Votes. 

had obtained a majority of Votes. 1113 

Declaration was made by the Selectmen to the Town, that 
Stephen Gorham Esq r . and the six aforenamed Gentlemen were 
chosen Representatives by a majority of Votes. 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared. The 
Hon ble . Tho 8 . Crafts Esq r . Moderator, took the chair in order to 
transact the other Business mentioned in the warrant. and on 
motion, adjourned to 3 oClock P. M. 

3 Clock P. M. met according to adjournment. 

The article in the warrant viz. "what measures are proper to 
be taken for the better accommodation of the Poor, by erecting 
new buildings or otherwise." was read whereupon 

Voted, that Col. Dawes 
D r . Eustis 
D r . Jarvis 



396 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Col. Crafts 

Deacon Mason 

W m . Tudor 
[472.] Will. Phillips Jun r . 

H. G. Otis 

John Sweetser Esq r . 

be a Committee to take up this matter at large, and report at the 
adjournment. 

The article in the warrant, viz. " Whether the Land belong- 
ing to the town at the bottom of the Mall, lately called Fosters 
pasture, shall be opened into the Common " was read, whereupon 

Voted, That the Selectmen be directed to carry the Mall to the 
end of Fosters pasture, lately so called, and after widening the 
street, the remainder of the Land to be inclosed for the future 
use of the town. 

The article in the warrant viz. "Whether any, or what part of 
the town's Real Estate shall be sold for payment of the sum 
given by the town for the late Governours pasture "was read, 
whereupon 

Voted, that Joseph Russell Jun r . Esq r . 
Col. Dawes 
Will m . Little Esq r . 

be a Committee to consider this matter and report at the adjourn- 
ment. 

M r . Robert Pierponts application for permission to make a 
Cellar under Faueuil Hall market and long lease, was read 
and debated whereupon 

Voted, That the Petitioner have leave to withdraw his petition. 
Article relative to the Dam on the neck, was read, whereupon, 

Voted, That the Selectmen be a Committee to take into con- 
sideration the probable advantages and disadvantages of the re- 
pairing, or new erecting the Dam on the East side of the neck, 
and the probable expence it may occasion. 

The Consideration of money matters, and reports of Commit- 
tees is assigned to the adjournment, and the Town Clerk is to 
give notice thereof in the several public prints. 

[473.] The Committee appointed at a town meeting on the 
1 1 th . of February last, for the purpose of procuring for the Com- 
monwealth a piece of Land, proper for building a State House, 
and that they be authoriz'd to make any contract for the purchase 
of it for that purpose, or to convey any piece of the Lands owned 



BOSTON TOWN RECOIIDS, 1795. 397 

by the town within the same to the Commonwealth, which they 
may deem expedient, for the interest of the town, for the pur- 
pose of erecting a State house, not alienating any part of the 
Common, unless the accommodation cannot be had on any other 
terms." Report 

That they have in compliance with the aforesaid Vote, pur- 
chas'd from the Heirs of the late Governour Hancock, a piece of 
Land on the north easterly side of the mansion house of the late 
Governour Hancock, commonly called the Goveruour's pastui'e ; 
at the price of Four thousand pounds, and after receiving a Deed 
of the same, have executed a Deed in fee of the same premises to 
the Commonwealth for the purposes aforesaid ; that in order to 
effect the purpose aforesaid, your Committee found it necessary 
to borrow of the Massachusetts & Union Banks the sum of One 
thousand pounds, & on the same day, viz. the 6 th . of April last, 
gave their Notes on interest, for the remainder of the purchase 
money, payable by instalments of three, six & nine months, 
All which is submitted for the consideration & confirmation of 
the Inhabitants of the Town. By order 



Boston 

May 13 th . 1795 



Tudor 
Chairman 



The above report was read, and accepted, and thereupon Voted, 
that the purchase of the premises therein mentioned, and the 
grant of the same to the Commonwealth be, and hereby is con- 
firmed. 

Adjourned to Thursday, the 21 st . of May ins*, at 10 "Clock, 
A. M. 

Thursday May 21 st . 10 Clock, A. M. met according to adjourn- 
ment. 

[474.] The Committee appointed to determine what part of 
the Town's Real Estate should be sold for the purpose of paying 
the money, which the town have agreed to pay for the Governour's 
pasture, so called. 

Beg leave to report that they have attended that Business and 
have apprais'd the Estate at Dock square occupied by William 
Dawes, Robert Crocker, and Eliakim Morse - - - - 3200 
And the Estate at Court Street, occupied by Jesse ) qr\o 

Houghton, Eliz th . B. Brown & Jesse Green - - j 



4100 

The Committee are of opinion that these Estates had better 
be sold at Auction, and the money appropriated for the purpose 
of taking up the notes, given by the Committee for the purchase 
money, to the late Governour Hancock's Heirs. 

Joseph Russell Jun r . ^ r . order. 



398 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The aforegoing report having been read, and considered, the 
question was put, viz., whether the same shall be accepted, 
passed in the affirmative. It was then Voted that the Selectmen 
be appointed agents to sell at public Auction (upon such terms 
and conditions as they may deem most beneficial to the town) 
the Estate described, in the foregoing report, and that the pro- 
ceeds thereof be in the first instance, appropriated to the sole 
purpose of discharging the debt contracted for the purchase of the 
Governours pasture, so called, and the residue paid into the town 
treasury. 

And said agents or a major part of them are hereby authoriz'd 
to make and execute good and sufficient conveyances of the prem- 
ises to the purchasers, in the name of the Inhabitants. 

The Committee appointed "To consider what measures are 
proper to be taken for the better accommodation of the Poor, by 
erecting new buildings or otherwise " having considered the 
subject at large, ask leave to report as follows, viz. 

1 st . That [it] is highly expedient to have the poor and sick 
Inhabitants usually provided for in the present Alms [475.] 
house, and work house, better accommodated ; and that to effect, 
this desirable object, it is indispensably necessary, that an entire 
new set of Buildings should be erected in some suitable place to 
be approved of by the Town. 

2 nd . The Committee find that a lot of ground suitable for the 
purpose can be had at West Boston, on the north side of Leverett 
street, commonly called Barton's point. 

3 d . In order to raise the money to purchase a sufficient quan- 
tity of Land in this place, the Committee are of opinion, that it is 
expedient for the town to sell as many house lots in their Land 
opposite the mall, and near Greenleafs corner as will effect the 
purchase ; There will after this remain a sufficiency of Land for 
the School house, and Hay market. 

4 th . It is further the opinion of the Committee, that the 
monies raised by the sale of all the Land now occupied for the 
Alms house, Work house, and Granary, may prove sufficient to 
erect as many buildings, as are at present indispensably necessary ; 
should they however prove insufficient, the township of Eastern 
Lands, the property of the town, will make good the deficiency 
without burthening the Inhabitants with a tax. 

5 th . The Committee propose that the building, commonly 
called the Granary*, be taken down, and placed in the lot called 
Fosters pasture, and continue to be the town's property ; in the 
same place may be accommodated the Gun house. 

6 th . As it is impossible to ascertain the expence of erecting 
the new buildings on the one hand, and on the other, what the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1795. 399 

land will sell for, where the Alms house &c, now stand, and as it 
is highly probable that the town may not be able to receive their 
payment at such times, as to accommodate their necessary expend- 
itures, the committee respectfully recommend to the town to ap- 
point agents with plenary powers, to purchase the Land before 
mentioned, at Bartons point, to erect thereon a plain but commo- 
dious set of Buildings for the accommodation of the sick, and 
poor Inhabitants, on a plan to be approved of by the Selectmen, 
or such other persons as the town shall appoint. that their 
[476.] Committee be authoriz'd to sell a sufficient number of 
House lots, opposite the mall as aforementioned, and also to sell 
all the Land where the Alms house, Work house and Granary 
now stand, in such lots, at such time and in such manner, as 
shall best promote the interest of the town, provided however, 
and it shall be a condition of the sale of this last mentioned 
Land, that the buildings to be erected thereon shall be constructed 
of Brick, covered with tile or slate, and shall be regular and uni- 
form. That their Committee be also impowered to sell a part or 
the whole of the Eastern Township if necessary. And to antici- 
pate the payment of any monies due from the sales here men- 
tioned, by borrowing in the name of the town such sums as they 
may from time to time, judge necessary. 

All which is submitted. 
Boston May 21. 1795. Thomas Dawes 

pr. order 

The aforegoing report having been considered, Paragraph by 
Paragraph, the Question was put at large, viz. whether this report 
shall be accepted, Passed in the affirmative unanimously; 

Also Voted, that the number of Agents, for which a blank was 
left in the aforegoing report, shall be three, and that they shall 
be chosen by [vote] at the adjournment, and notice given thereof, 
in the public prints. 

Adjourned to Monday next, 10 Clock before noon. 

Monday the 25 th . May, 10 Clock A. M. Met according to 
adjournment. 

The Inhabitants having brought in their Votes for three Agents 
for purchase of Land &c. as per report of Committee relative to 
Alms house &c. and, on being sorted it appeared that only two 
were chosen viz. 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Samuel Brown Esq r . 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes a second time, and on 
sorting them it appeared that 

the Hon ble . George R. Minct Esq r . 
was chosen the other Agent. whereupon 



400 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[477.] Voted, That Thomas Dawes 

Samuel Brown 
George R. Minot Esq r . 

be, and they hereby are appointed Agents for, and in behalf of 
the Inhabitants of the Town, to sell at public Auction, at such 
time, and times as they shall deem necessary, and expedient, 
public notice being first given three weeks at least, all or any part 
or parts of the following lands and Buildings, in that parcel of 
Land belonging to the Town opposite the Mall, bounded on Com- 
mon street, and Mason street, also all that parcel of Land now 
occupied for an Alms house, work house, and other pu'rposes, 
extending from Common street to Beacon street, and to make 
and execute good and sufficient Deeds and conveyances thereof 
to the purchasers ; upon express condition, that all Buildings to 
be erected on the lands sold by virtue of this Vote, shall be regu- 
lar and uniform, and of Brick, or Stone, and covered with slate 
or tile, or some materials that will resist Fire, also for, and in 
behalf of the Inhabitants to contract, bargain for and purchase 
so much Land at Bartons point (so called) as they may deem 
necessary and expedient, for the erection of such Hospitals, Alms 
houses, and other Buildings as may be proper, and convenient to 
accommodate the Poor and Sick, and other Persons usually 
accomodated in the Alms house, and work house, and to contract 
for, and provide materials, plan, construct, erect, and complete 
Buildings sufficient for the aforesaid & other necessary objects. 
And for the foregoing purposes, the Treasurer is hereby author- 
ized and directed from time to time, upon request of said agents 
to borrow such sums of money, as may be requisite, and to obli- 
gate the Inhabitants for the payment thereof. And all monies 
arising from the sale of the above mentioned Lands & Buildings 
shall be forthwith paid by said Agents into the hands of the 
Treasurer of the Town, who is hereby enjoined to deposit the 
same in some Bank or Banks, to be drawn out at the request of 
said Agents, [478.] And to be appropriated solely and exclu- 
sively to the aforesaid objects. And the said Agents are further 
authorized to remove any Building or Buildings, (now on or any 
part of the premises) to any other Lands belonging to the Town, 
if they shall think proper, with the approbation of the Selectmen, 
or wholly to take down and dispose of the same at public sale as 
aforesaid. And if the funds arising from the sale of the above 
mentioned Estates shall not be likely, in the judgment of said 
Agents, to prove adequate to the aforesaid objects, the said 
Agents, with the approbation of the Selectmen, are further 
authoriz'd to contract for the sale of the Township belonging 
to the Town, in the Eastern Country, and the Selectmen are 
hereby authoriz'd and directed to make good and sufficient Deeds 
thereof to such persons as may purchase the same of said Agents ; 
and the monies arising therefrom shall be appropriated as afore- 
said. 

Adjourned to 4 Clock P. M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1795. 401 

Four Clock P. M. met according to adjournment. 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration the peti- 
tion of W m . Darracott and Jon a . Loring, Housewrights, employed 
in Building the North School have attended that service, and ask 
leave to report the following Tho 8 . Dawes ^$) r . order. The 
Committee have examined the several accounts and vouchers ex- 
hibited by the petitioner, for building the North School House, 
and find that the sum of two hundred and thirty pounds, being 
the amount of the contract with them, have not been but little 
more than adequate for the purchasing the materials, and as the 
workmanship is well executed it is their opinion that the Town 
allow and pay them, out of the next Town tax, the sum of one 
hundred pounds as a full compensation for the aforesaid Buildings 
agreeable to the prayer of their Petition. 

The aforegoing report having been considered the [479.] 
Question was put viz. whether the same shall be accepted 
passed in the affirmative 

Voted, that Thomas Dawes 

Perez Morton 

Will m . Tudor Esq r . 

be a Committee to confer with the Gentlemen Selectmen relative 
to the Lands to be left open between Mess 18 . Richardson and 
Emmons Rope walks, also such other matters relative to the New 
Street from Atkinson street to Hutchinson street ; and bring the 
matter in dispute between, the Town and the Rope makers, pro- 
prietors of the Rope walks late consumed by Fire, to a decision. 

The Committee appointed to audit the Town Treasurers ac- 
compts [reported] and have attended that service, and ask leave 
to report ; That they find the accounts of the said Treasurer well 
vouched and rightly cast, there was due to the Town the first of 
March 1795. (if the outstanding debts could be collected) 

5803 13 

But your Committee are of opinion the fol- 
lowing never can be, viz : 
Acco*. of Towns Powder stands in Debt by y e 

Books 312 ,, 11 ,, 8 

Samue 1 . Jepson - - - - 21 ,, 10 ,, 6 
Ephraim Brown - ... 12 ,, 6 ,, 8 
Peirce & Wheeler - - - - 7 ,, 10 ,, 



353 ,, 18 ,, 10 

To which may be added a sup- } 
posed abatement on 1794 tax } 599 ,, 14 ,, 2 



953 ,, 13 ,, 
Which will reduce the balance due the Town to 4850 ,, ,, 



402 CITY DOCUMENT. 

The Selectmens drafts on the Treasurer from 1 st . March 1794. to 

I 8t . March 1795 amount to 8212 ,, 19 ,, 9 

r lhe Overseers for the same period were - - 3053 ,, 7 ,, 11 



11265 18 



The Balances due from the several Collectors on 1 st . Mar. 1795 

as in the tryal balance of the Books, > ~ noon 

amount to j 9* 1 8f 

[48O.] Since which to 11 th . 
inst. has been received of them, 
by the Treasurer, (which is the 
whole of 1793. and part of 1794 

Tax) 2773 ,, 8 ,, 7^ 

So there is now due from the Collectors on) _ _ 

account of 1794 tax j i/ltb lo,, 1 



Your Committee from the best information they can get, 
Report, that a tax of 12000 will be necessary to defray the 
following expences of the current Year, viz. 

School masters and Ushers as last Year - - 2227 ,, ,, ,, 

Repairing schools, wood & ca' ... - 200 ,, ,, ,, 

Watchmen, Coals, Candles & ca' - - - - 600 ,, ,, ,, 

Assessors pay ---------- 650 ,, ,, ,, 

Collector's premiums- ------- 600 ,, ,, ,, 

Lamps, if light the year - ------ 1000 ,, ,, ,, 

Town Clerk's salary -------- 200 ,, ,, ,, 

Town Treasurers ditto ------- 200 ,, ,, ,, 

Officer of Police d. 180 ,, ,, ,, 

Messenger to the Selectmen ----- 70,, ,, 

Clerks of the market - 10 ,, ,, ,, 

Constables service - - 25 ,, ,, ,, 

Interest on Monies owed by the Town now 

due 102 ,, ,, 

Ditto for the present Year ------ 180 ,, ,, ,, 



6244 



Repairing Clocks -- 18 ,, ,, 

New Engine 120 

Repairing Engines -------- 50 

Printing for the Town -- 50 

Stationary --- - 25 

Ringing of Bells --- - 75 

Paving streets 1800 

Pay for a new street -------- 211 13 

D. for the late Governors pasture ... 4000 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1795. 403 

Dam on the neck --------- 1000 ,, ,, ,, 

To finish the survey of the Town - - - 130 ,, ,, ,, 

New Streets thro' y e Rope walks - - - - 1000 ,, ,, ,, 

Incidental charges, visiting Schools &c - - 126 ,, 7 ,, ,, 

[481.] For the Overseers of the Poor - - 3000,, ,, ,, 



11606 ,, 
6244 



17850 
From which may be deducted. 

Balance 

due the Town as by the within state- 
ment 4850 ,, ,, ,, 

Suppose will be received from the 
Commonwealth for the support of 

their Poor 1000,, ,, ,, 

5850 , 



12000 ,, 



Your Committee therefore recommend that the sum of TWELVE 
THOUSAND POUNDS be assessed for the present Year, unless the 
Town provide for the payment of the late Governors pasture or 
any other part of the Estimate of expences, in some other way, 
than by a tax. All which is submitted. 

Herman Brimmer 
Joseph Russell Jun r . 
Sam 1 . Brown 

The aforegoing report having been considered, it was Voted, 
that the same be accepted. 

Voted, That the sum of Twelve thousand pounds be raised by 
a tax to be assessed on the Polls and Estates of the Inhabitants 
of the Town, to defray the expences of the current Year. 

Voted, That the sum of Two hundred pounds be allowed and 
paid to Joseph Russell for his services as Town Treasurer the 
present year, the same to be paid him in quarterly payments as it 
shall become due & to commence the first of March last. 

Voted, That the sum of two hundred pounds be allowed and 
paid unto William Cooper for his services as Town Clerk, the 
present year, the same to be paid him quarterly, as it shall 
become due and to commence the first of March last. 

Voted, That the sum of one hundred and thirty [482.] 
Pounds be allowed to each of the Assessors for their respective 
services the present year, the same to be paid them quarterly, as 
it shall become due, and to commence the first of March last. 



404 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Voted, That the sum of one hundred and eighty pounds be 
allowed and paid unto Josiah "Waters, for his services as Officer 
of the Police, the present year, to be paid him quarterly as it 
shall become due. 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration the prob- 
able advantages and disadvantages of the preparing or new 
erecting the Dam, on the East side the neck, and the probable 
expence it may occasion, having attended that Business, report 
as their opinion that it will be most for the benefit of the Town, 
that a new Dike should be made, according to the modern plan, 
as the present Dam is in so ruinous and decayed a state as to 
render a complete repair almost as expensive as a new one, and 
at the same time will not fully answer the purposes intended, and 
expected. The time for which it is now leased will expire the 
4 th . April. 1797. 

The quantity of Land on this side the neck exclusive of salt 
marsh, without the Dam, is nearly 50 acres ; should we be suc- 
cessful in keeping out the salt water, & we see nothing to prevent 
it, calculating upon the experience of individuals who have had 
Land in similar situations, the probable profit to the town will be 
500 DolF 8 . annually, while from the best inquiries and calcula- 
tions the expence will not exceed 1000, if our calculations are 
just this will yield us 15 ^ Cent, for our money, we can conceive 
no probable disadvantage that can arise to the Town, from this 
measure, unless the expence at this particular time should be 
thought so, in addition to the pecuniary advantage which we pre- 
sume the town will experience, we think it no small one, that the 
Eye will be relieved from the view of a barren waste, by a beauti- 
ful & pleasing verdure : and should the Town in a future day 
think proper to sell the same, we presume the value will be [483.] 
enhanced much beyond the expence. By order 

Ezek 1 . Price. 

The aforegoing report having been read, and considered, the 
question was put, viz whether the same shall be accepted, 
passed in the affirmative. 

Voted, That all matters and things unfinished at this meeting, 
be referred over to the next general Town meeting. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to the Hon ble . 
Tho 8 . Crafts Esq r . for his good services as Moderator of this 
meeting. 

Then the meeting was 
dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town duly qualified and legally warned, in public town meeting 
assembled at Faneuil Hall on Saturday the 4 th day of July A. D. 
1795. 10Clock A. M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1795. 405 

"Warrant for calling the meeting read. 

William Cooper 
was chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 

The Committee appointed the last year to make choice of a 
Gentleman, to deliver an Oration on the anniversary of Inde- 
pendence. 

Reported, that they had made choice of M r . George Blake Esq r . 
who has accepted. 

On motion, Voted, That the Oration be delivered at the Old 
South Church, 11 Clock, Liberty therefor, having been obtained. 

Voted, That the Gentleman, the Selectmen acquaint M r . Blake 
with this Vote. 

Adjourned to the Old South Church. 

[484.] AN ORATION 

to commemorate the Independence of the United States was de- 
livered by Geo. Blake Esq r . at the Old South Church. 

On motion Voted, That the Selectmen be, and hereby are ap- 
pointed a Committee to wait on George Blake Esq r . and in the 
name of the Town, to thank him for the spirited and elegant 
Oration this day delivered by him, at the request of the Town, 
upon the anniversary of the Independence of the United States 
of America, in which according to the institution of the Town, he 
considered the feelings, manners and principles which led to that 
great national event, And to request of him a Copy thereof for 
the Press. 

On motion, Voted, that the Gentlemen Selectmen be, and 
hereby are appointed a Committee to apply to some one Learned 
and able Gentleman, to deliver an Oration on the 4 th . of July, 
A. D. 1796. that day being the anniversary of the independence 
of the United States of America ; wherein the Orator is to con- 
sider the feelings, manners, and principles which led to this great 
national event, as well as the important and happy effects 
whether general or Domestic, which have already, and will for- 
ever flow, from that auspicious Epoch. 

Then the meeting was 
dissolved. 



406 ClTY^DOGUMEXT. 

At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town duly qualified and legally warned in public town meeting 
assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the 10 th . day of July A. D. 
1795. 

Warrant for calling the meeting read. 

Hon ble . Tho 8 . Crafts Esq r . 
chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. being unwell. 

[485.] Hon ble . Tho 8 . Dawes 

was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote. 

The article in the warrant, relative to the pending Treaty 
read, and after considerable debate, 

It was moved and Voted, That the sense of the Inhabitants be 
taken upon the Treaty now pending between the United States 
and Great Britain, and the question being clearly stated, it was 
called for in the affirmative ; and not a single Vote appeared in 
its favor ; upon which the negative was put, and was unani- 
mously carried. The Hall was remarkably crowded, on this im- 
portant occasion. It was then moved and Voted, that 

Charles Jar vis Esq r 

William Tudor Esq r . 

Will m . Eustis Esq r . 

Benj a . Austin Jun r . Esq r . 

Cap*. Nath 1 . Fellows 

Perez Morton Esq r . 

Sam 1 . Brown Esq r . 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

Joseph Blake Jun r . Esq r . 

William Little Esq r . 

Will m . Cooper Esq r . 

George Blake Esq r . 

Stephen Gorham Esq r . 

John Sweetser Esq r . 

Tho 8 . Walley Esq r . 

be a Committee to take the subject at large into consideration, 
and to state the objections to the several articles of the Treaty, 
that the same may be respectfully represented by an address to 
the President of the United States, and request the interposition 
of his constitutional Authority to prevent the said Treaty being 
carried into effect. 

The meeting was then adjourned to Monday next, 10 "Clock. 
A. M. 

Monday the 13 th . day of July 10 Clock A. M. met according 
to adjournment. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1795. 407 

[486.] On a motion of D r . Jarvis, Chairman of the Com- 
mittee of 15 th . The pending Treaty was distinctly read in 
Town meeting by the Moderator. 

The Committee then Reported as follows, viz. 

A Pamphlet printed at Philadelphia under the signature of S. 
T. Mason Esq r . one of the Senators of the United States, from 
the Commonwealth of Virginia, and purporting to be a genuine 
Copy of a Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, entered 
into at London, on the 19 th . day of November last, between Lord 
Grenville on the part of his Britannick Majesty, and John Jay 
Esq r . on the part of the United States, was read and duly con- 
sidered, and thereupon it was, 

Resolved, As the sense of the Inhabitants of this Town, that 
the aforesaid Instrument, if Ratified, will be highly Injurious to 
the commercial interests of the United States, derogatory to their 
National Honour, and Independence, and may be dangerous to 
the Peace & Happiness of their Citizens. The reasons which 
have induced this opinion are as follows, viz*. 

1 st . Because, This Compact professes to have no referrence to 
the Merits of the Complaints and pretensions of the contracting 
parties ; but in reality the complaints and pretensions of Great 
Britain are fully provided for, while a part only of those of the 
United states have been brought into Consideration. 

2 my . Because, in the stipulation which restores our Posts on the 
Western Frontier, no provision is made to indemnify the United 
states for the Commercial, and other Losses they have sustained, 
and the heavy expences to which they have been subjected in 
consequence of being kept out of possession, for twelve Years 
in direct violation of the Treaty of Peace. 

3 dly . Because, no indemnification is proposed to be made to the 
Citizens of the United States, for property [487.] taken from 
them at the close of the War, the restitution of which is pro- 
vided for in the same Treaty. 

4 thly . Because, the Capture of Vessels and property of Citizens 
of the United States during the present War, made under the 
Authority of the Government of Great Britain, is a National 
Concern, and claims arising from such Captures ought not to 
have been submitted to. the decision of their admiralty Courts as 
the United States are thereby precluded from having a voice in 
the final determination of such cases. Because, the Indemnifica- 
tion proposed, is to be sought by a Process tedious and expen- 
sive, in which justice may be delayed, to an unreasonable time, 
and eventually lost to many of the sufferers from their inability 



408 CITY DOCUMENT. 

to pursue it; and because this mode of Indemnification bears 
no proportion to the summary method adopted for the satisfac- 
tion of British claims. 

5thiy Because, this compact admits British subjects to an equal 
participation with our own citizens of the interior traffic of the 
United states with the neighboring Indians thro' our whole ter- 
ritorial dominions ; while the advantages ostensibly reciprocated 
to our citizens are limited both in their nature and extent. 

gthiy. Because, the alien duties upon merchandize imported into 
the United states by British subjects in their own Bottoms is, if 
not wholly suspended, at least contracted, not to be increased. 

7 my . Because, the Commerce the United States have hitherto 
enjoyed in India, in common with other Nations, is so restricted 
that in future it will be of little, or no substantial benefit to our 
own Citizens. 

[488.] 8 thly . Because, in every stipulation respecting our inter- 
course with the Colonial possessions of Great Britain, the whole 
commerce of the United States in such intercourse is colonized in 
return. 



Because, the clause by which the British Government 
reserves to itself the right of imposing on American Vessels, 
entering British ports in Europe, a Duty which shall countervail 
the difference of the Duty payable on the importation of European 
and Asiatic Goods into the United States in British or American 
bottoms, places it in the power of that Government to enable 
British subjects to become the importers of Asiatic and European 
Goods into the United states to the exclusion of our own Citizens. 

10 thly . Because, altho' the terms of said Treaty purport to be 
reciprocal in many instances, yet from the local situation and 
existing circumstances of the United states, and the Pacific 
system of policy they have adopted, that reciprocity is merely 
nominal and delusive. 

ll thly . Because, it prevents the United States from imposing any 
further restrictions on the British trade alone, and because it is 
stipulated that neither the debts due from Individuals of the one 
Nation to Individuals of the other, nor shares, nor monies which 
they may have in the public funds, or in any public or private 
Banks, shall ever in any event of war, or national difference, be 
sequestered or confiscated, as it is far from being impossible 
that the exercise of this right may in the opinion of the Legisla- 
ture of the United states, contribute to preserve the peace of our 
Country, and protect the rights and property of the citizens 
from violation, we therefore esteem it highly impolitic that the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1795. 409 

public faith should be pledged that it shall never be exercised 
under any circumstances whatever. 

[489.] 12 thly . Because, it concedes a Right to the British Gov- 
ernment, to search and detain our Vessels in time of War between 
them and other Nations, under frivolous and vexatious pretexts. 

13 thly . Because, it provides that Ship timber, Tar, Hemp, Sails, 
and Copper, shall be considered contraband of War, which arti- 
cles are expressly stipulated to be free by the Treaties already 
subsisting between the United States and all other Nations with 
whom they are in compact. 



Because, it surrenders all or most of the Benefits of a 
Commercial nature which we had a right to expect from our 
Neutrality in the present European War. 

15 thly . Because, it precludes the hope of receiving any advantage 
from the modern Law of nations referred to in the PRESIDENTS 
Proclamation of Neutrality ; adopted by most of the Nations of 
Europe in the last War, and to which we then acceded, and have 
since secured in our Treaties with all other Nations. 

16 thly . Because, it not only surrenders the right of carrying the 
property of any Nation at War with Great Britain in our Vessels 
freely, but abandons all pretentions even to the freight. 

17 tmy . Because, it permits the British nation to convert provi- 
sions destined to other Nations at War with them, to their own 
use, on payment of what they may deem a reasonable profit ; a 
measure, not only injurious to the interest of the American Mer- 
chant, but which will prevent our citizens from carrying American 
productions to other Countries, which by the Laws of Nature and 
Nations they have a right to do without molestation. 



Because, it limits the Power of Congress delegated to 
them by the Constitution, "To regulate our Commerce with 
foreign Nations," by prescribing conditions, and creating im- 
pediments to the exercise of that Power. 

[49O.] 19 thly . Because, it exposes the United States and their 
Commerce, to similar embarrassments from other Commercial 
nations, all of whom probably regulate our trade by this partial 
standard. 

and Lastly, Because, in the opinion of the Inhabitants of this 
town, the Nature and Extent of the Exports of the United States 
are such, that in all their stipulations with foreign Nations, they 
have it in their power to secure a perfect reciprocity of inter- 
course not only with the home Dominions of such Nations, but 
with all their colonial dependences. 



410 CITY DOCUMENT. 

It is further Resolved, that a Copy of the foregoing Proceed- 
ings, attested by the Town Clerk be immediately transmitted to 
the PRESIDENT of the United States, that they may be respectfully 
submitted to his consideration. And we earnestly hope, and 
confidently rely, that his Prudence, Fortitude and Wisdom which 
have more than once been eminently instrumental in the salvation 
of his Country, will be equally conspicuous on the present occa- 
sion, and that the Reasons we have assigned, will have their 
influence to induce him to withhold his signature from the Rati- 
fication of this alarming Instrument. 

The above report having been considered by Paragraphs the 
Question was put.- "whether the same shall be accepted" 
Passed in the Affirmative, unanimously. 

Moved and Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen, be 
requested to transmit the same to the President by express and 
that the Selectmen sign the Letter to be sent the President. 

On motion Voted, That the thanks of this town be given to the 
Hon ble . Stephen Thompson Mason one of the Senators of the 
United States, for his patriotic conduct in publishing the late 
Commercial Treaty agreed to by M r . Jay, between the United 
States and the British Nation, thereby giving an opportunity for 
the Citizens to express their sentiments on this important and 
interesting occasion. Also that the Town Clerk forward the 
same to M r . Mason by the post. 

[491.] Voted, That the thanks of the town be given to 
Hon ble . Tho 8 . Dawes Esq r . for his good sendees as Moderator. 

Then the meeting was 
dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
town of Boston, in public Town meeting assembled at Faneuil 
Hall on Monday the second day of Nov r . A. D. 1795. 10 
Clock A.M. 

"Warrant for calling the meeting read. 

Hon ; ble . Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 

The Petition of Henry Jackson Esq r . and others, laid before 
the Town by order of the General Court read whereupon 
Voted, that 

Hon ble . George R. Minot Esq r . 

Hon ble . Tho 8 . Dawes Esq r . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1795. 411 

D r . Townsend 

M r . Eben r . Seaver 

M r . Treasurer Russell 

be a Committee to take said Petition into consideration, and 
report at the adjournment. 

The Article in the Warrant relative to the Common and Chapel 
Burying grounds read whereupon Voted, that 
The Hon ble . Tho 8 . Dawes Esq r . 
The Hon ble . Geo. R. Minot Esq r . 
D r . Eustis 

Nath 1 . Appleton Esq r . 
[492.] D r . Jarvis 

M r . Nath 1 . Balch 
Hon ble . Will m Tudor Esq r . 

be a Committee to report some suitable place or places of deposit 
for the Dead, in order that the Town may be enabled to discon- 
tinue the opening of any graves in the Common and Chapel 
Burying grounds. 

The article in the warrant relative to the disposal of a small 
strip of salt marsh, on the neck, read, whereupon 

Voted, that the Committee on Henry Jackson and others Peti- 
tion, be a Committee to consider this article, and report thereon 
to the Town. 

The other articles in the warrant referred over to the adjourn- 
ment. 

Adjourned to Friday next 10 Clock A. M. 

Friday, Nov r . 6. 1795. 10 OClock A. M. met according to 
adjournment. 

Voted, on motion, that all matters unfinished be referred for 
consideration to the general town meeting of this day. 

Then the meeting was 
dissolved 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
town, duly qualified and legally warned, in Public town meeting 
assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Friday the 6 th . day of November 
A. D. 1795. 10 O Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling the meeting read. 

[493.] The Hon ble . Tho 8 . Crafts Esq r . 

was chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 



412 CITY DOCUMENT. 

An attested Copy of the petition of Henry Jackson and others, 
praying for Liberty to erect a Dyke, or Causeway at the Southerly 
part of Boston, to extend to the northwesterly point of Land at 
Dorchester neck, which was referred to the Legislature of the 
Common-wealth at their last Sessions being read, together with 
the order of notification to this town, passed by the General 
Court thereon. 

.Voted, that the Inhabitants have no cause to show why the 
Prayer of said Petition should not be granted, but on the con- 
trary do approve of the said application, as embracing many 
general and public advantages. 

On the article in the late warrant referred to this meeting, rel- 
ative to disposing of a small strip of salt marsh. The Committee 
thereon report, that the same be referred to the Selectmen, in 
order that they may receive any proposals for the purchase of the 
strip of marsh Land therein mentioned, and lay the same before 
the Town at some future meeting. which report was accepted. 

The Committee appointed by the Town to consider the subject 
of the Burying grounds at large, and to report on Friday next, 
some suitable place of deposit for the Dead, in order that the 
Town may be enabled to discontinue the opening of Graves in 
the Common, and Chapel Burying grounds, report as follows : 
The Committee having consulted the Physicians of the Town, find 
it to be their opinion that the Health of the Inhabitants is in 
danger from the crowded state of these Grounds, & the exhala- 
tions which must frequently arise from opening Graves therein. 
In addition to which they find it is almost impossible to open new 
[494.] Graves without disturbing the relicts of the Dead already 
interred. From an equal regard to Health and from a decent 
respect for both the living and the Dead, they recommend it to 
the Inhabitants to adopt the following measures. 

1 st . That no Graves or new Tombs shall be opened or built, in 
either the Common or Chapel burying Grounds, after the first day 
of May next. 

2^ y . As the South Burying grounds is already sufficiently large 
for the present accommodation of the Inhabitants and will admit 
of such enlargement, that the Selectmen be empowered to allot to 
any Inhabitant who may apply for the same, sufficient Ground 
for erecting a Tomb, in this Ground, and to enlarge the said 
South Burying Ground in a direction westerly whenever the public 
convenience shall in their judgment require it. 

3 d . Inasmuch as in remarkably inclement weather, it may be 
inconvenient for Funerals to proceed to the South Burying 
Ground, that the Selectmen cause to be erected under the Vestry 
room of the Stone Chapel, or in some other part of the Chapel 
burying ground, a Vault or Tomb suitable for a temporary deposit, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1795. 413 

in which any of the Inhabitants, who may incline thereto, shall 
have a right to deposit the Bodies of their deceased Friends or 
relatives, for a term of time not exceeding twenty four hours, 
(unless in particular cases) by special permission of the Select- 
men, until it may be convenient for them to remove such Bodies 
to the place of final interment, 
All which is submitted. Tho 8 . Dawes ^ order. 

The foregoing report having been read and consider'd, the 
Question was put, whether the same shall be accepted passed 
in the affirmative. 

[495.] On the Petition of the Assessors for a further allow- 
ance, on account of the rise of provisions 

Voted Judge Tudor 
Judge Minot 
M r . Edwards 

be a Committee to take the Petition into consideration, and report 
thereon as soon as may be. 

The article in the warrant relative to the new street, read, 
whereupon Voted, that 

Judge Tudor 

Judge Minot 

D r . Eustis 

D r . Townsend 

Maj r . Thompson 

be, and hereby are appointed a Committee to compromise the 
Business of laying out the new street from Atkinson street to 
Hutchinson street, as to the sums to be paid or rec d . by the 
several Abutters, and that if said Committee cannot make such 
compromise before the first day of September next, that they make 
report thereof to the Selectmen, who are in such case directed 
to proceed as soon as may be, in Assessing the Damages by a 
Jury according to Law. 

Article relative to the Petition for selling part of the Common 
was read together with the petition read, and after some 
debate Voted, that the Petitioners have leave to Withdraw 
their Petition. 

All matters unfinished referred over to the next Town meet- 
ing. 

Voted, that the thanks of the Town be given to the Hon ble . 
Tho 8 . Crafts Esq r . for his good services as Moderator. 

Then the meeting was 
dissolved. 



414 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[496.] At A meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned in 
public Town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Monday the 
seventh day of December A. D. 1795. 10 O Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Hon ble . Tho 8 . Dawes Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and bring in their 
Votes for a Town Treasurer, and it was declared by the Select- 
men that the Poll shall be closed at 12 O Clock. 

The Votes for a Town Treasurer in the room of M r . Joseph 
Russell, lately deceased, being brought in, counted and sorted, it 
appeared that the whole number was 968, and that 

M r . Samuel Clap 
was chosen by a great majority 686 Votes 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer give Bond with sureties, to 
the satisfaction of the Selectmen in the penalty of 10000 for 
the faithful discharge of the duties of his office. 

The Report of the Committee to whom was referr'd the Petition 
of the Assessors for an additional allowance in compensation for 
the rise of provisions &c. was read and after consideration 

Voted, that an addition of thirty pounds be made to each of 
the Assessors former grants, as a compensation for their services, 
but not to be considered as a precedent in future. 

[497.] The Committee relative to the street lately Voted to 
be laid out between Hutchinson and Atkinson streets having re- 
ported, and the same duly consider'd by the Town, the Question 
was put, viz. whether the said Report shall be accepted, 
passed in the negative, it was then 

Voted, That it is the opinion of the Town that the laying out 
the said new street be discontinued. 

The Article in the Warrant viz. whether the Town will sell a 
piece of Land, bounded on Pleasant street near the Rope walks ; 
read whereupon 

Voted that the Hon ble : Tho 8 . Dawes Esq r . 

M r . Eben r . Seaver 

Major May 

be a Committee to consider this article and report at the adjourn- 
ment. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1795. 415 

The Article in the warrant viz*. whether the Town will con- 
sider their late Vote respecting the removal of the Building called 
the Granary read whereupon Voted that 
the Hon ble . Tho 8 . Dawes Esq r . 
Judge Minot 
Sam 1 . Brown Esq r . 

be a Committee to consider this matter, and report thereon at the 
adjournment. 

The article in the warrant relative to certain incroachments 
made By M r . Jonas Welsh on the mill creek was read, where- 
upon it was moved and Voted, that this matter be referred to the 
[498.] Gentlemen Selectmen to consider and act thereon as they 
may judge proper, as also with respect to any other incroach- 
ments on the Town's lands, which may come to their knowledge. 

Then the meeting was adjourned to Monday next, being the 
14 th . ins*. 10 Clock A. M. 

Monday 14 th . December, 10 Clock A. M. met according to 
adjournment. 

Voted, that Herman Brimmer Esq r . 

Sam 1 . Brown Esq r . 

Joseph Russell Esq r . 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to examine the Books, 
and accounts of the late Treasurer M r . Joseph Russell, and report 
the state thereof at the adjournment, the 28 th . of December 
ins*. 

The Article in the warrant relative to a further supply of the 
Treasury, was considered, whereupon it was moved and Voted, 
that the further consideration of this matter be referred to the 
adjournment. 

The Committee appointed to consider the article in the warrant 
viz. whether the Town will reconsider the late Vote respecting 
the removal of the Building called the Granary, have attended 
that service, and report as their opinion that the Town reconsider 
the said Vote, and that they give order for the sale of the said 
Building at public Auction [to] be remov'd in a short time. 
which is submitted 

Tho 8 . Dawes p r . order. 

The above report having been read. the question was put, 
viz*, whether the report shall be accepted, passed in the affirma- 
tive. 

[499.] The Committee appointed to consider the article in 
the warrant, " Whether the Town will sell a piece of Land 



416 CITY DOCUMENT. 

bounded on Pleasant street, near the Rope walks, have 
attended that service and are unanimously of the opinion that 
it will be very prejudicial to the Town to make sale of the said 
Land, which is submitted. 

Tho 8 . Dawes p r . order. 

The aforegoing Report, after reading, was accepted by the 
Town. 

The Selectmen laid before the Town the Proposals of a Com- 
mittee of the Roxbury canal proprietors, for the purchase of a 
small piece of marsh on the neck, whereupon 

Voted, that this matter be referred to March meeting for con- 
sideration. 

This meeting adjourned to Monday the 28 th . day of Dec r . ins 1 
10 Clock A. M. 

Monday December 28, 1795. met according to adjournment 

The Committee for relief of Sufferers by the Fire in Boston 
July 30, 1794. Reported to the Town by their Chairman James 
Sullivan Esq r . the amount of money collected & to whom dis- 
tributed; & the same being read, on motion Voted, that the 
said report is approved by the town, & that their thanks be & 
hereby are given to the Committee on that Business for their good 
services therein ; Mem . this report is placed in the chest which 
contains other reports relative to Fires in this Town. 

[5OO.] The Committee for examining the late Town Treas- 
urers accounts, & papers, reported, & have leave to report again, 
at the adjournment of this meeting also 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be & he hereby is authorized 
& empower'd to borrow of either of the Banks or otherwise, a 
sum not exceeding 6000 Dollars, for the present supply of the 
Town Treasury, to be repaid out of the outstanding taxes, on or 
before the first day of May next. 

Then the meeting was adjourned to Monday this day Month. 

1796 
[Jan 25 th .] Monday 10 Clock, Met, according to adjournment, 

Col. Dawes, the Moderator of this meeting, being absent 

Deacon William Boardman 
was chosen Moderator P. T. by a Hand Vote. 

The Town being informed by the Town Treasurer that the 
Committee appointed to examine the Books & Papers of the late 
Treasurer, would not be able to report until March meeting 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1796. 417 

Voted, That all matters unfinished be referred over unto next 
March meeting. 

Then the meeting was 
dissolved. 



[5O1.] At a meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, duly qualified & legally warned, 
at Public Town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday 
the 9 th . day of February A. D. 1796. 10 Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling meeting read. 

Col. Crafts 
chosen Moderator of this meeting, by a hand Vote. 

The article in the Warrant, viz " To take into consideration 
the petition of Robert Pierpont in behalf of himself & others, his 
associates, to the General Court of this Commonwealth, praying 
for an act of Incorporation, to enable them to build a Bridge 
from the lands at the bottom of the Common, or Pleasant street, 
in this town, to the lands owned by M re . Hannah Pierpont, in 
Roxbury, or to the point called Sewalls point, in Brookline" 
was read, & after considerable debate had thereon, 

It was moved, That a Committee be appointed to oppose the 
granting of the Prayer of the Petition & that the Representatives 
be instructed to assist therein. 

The Question being put passed in the negative. 

It was then moved, That the following vote be passed, viz. 
That the Town do not think proper to interfere, & that they 
have no objection to the Prayer of the Petitioner being granted. 

The Question being accordingly put passed in the affirmative. 

Then the meeting was 
dissolved 



[5O2.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, duly^qualified and legally warned in 
Public Town meeting, assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Monday 
the 14 day of March, Anno Domini 1796. 10 Clock A. M. 

Prayer made by the Rev d . M r . Kirkland 
Warrant for calling meeting read. 



418 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Sundry Laws to be read at this meeting, 
were accordingly read. 

The Hon. Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator, by a hand Vote. 

The Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw, and bring in 
their Votes for a Town Clerk, and the same having been brought 
in and counted, it appeared that 

William Cooper 

was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensuing, and an oath of 
office was administered to him, by M r . Justice Crafts. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and bring in their 
Votes for nine Selectmen, and upon sorting them it appeared 
that the following Gentlemen, viz. 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

Thomas Walley 

Deacon William Boardman 

M r . Ebenezer Sever 

Thomas Crafts Esq r . 

Thomas Edwards Esq. 

William Little 

David Tilden Esq. 

Russell Sturgis Esq. 
were chosen Select-men for the year ensuing. 

The Inhabitants having brought in their Votes [5O3.] for 
twelve overseers of the Poor, on counting and sorting the same, 
it appeared that 

Edward Procter Esq. 

John Sweetser Esq. 

Jon a . L. Austin Esq. 

M r . Edward Edes 

Henry Hills Esq r . 

John Codman Esq. resigned 

M r . William Smith 

William Phillips jr. Esq. 

Stephen Gorham Esq. 

M r . Oliver Brewster 

Arnold Wells jr. 

D r . Bedford Webster 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor, for the year ensuing. 

M r . Samuel Clap 

chosen Town Treasurer, for the year ensuing, by a unanimous 
Vote, and the oaths of Office administered to liim by the Town 
Clerk. 

Voted that the Town-Treasurer give Bond, with Securities to 



BOSTON TOWN RECOKDS, 1796. 419 

the Satisfaction of the Selectmen, in the Penalty of tert thousand 
Pounds, for the faithful discharge of the Duties of his office. 

The Inhabitants, having as Directed, brought in their Votes, 
for Sixteen firewards, the same having been counted and sorted, 
it appeared that 

John Winthrop Esq. 

Thomas Melville Esq. 

Jabez Hatch Esq. 

Joseph Russell J r . Esq. 

M r . Edward Edes 

Amasa Davis Esq. 

Samuel Park man 
[5O4.] M r . Russell Sturgis 

Henry Jackson Esq. 

Cap*. Mungo Mackey 

W m . Scolley Esquire 

W m . Little Esquire 

M r . James Tisdale 

Joseph May Esquire 

Cap*. Robert Gardner 

Maj r . Andrew Cunningham 
were chosen Firewards for the year ensuing. 

Votes 

for a County Treasurer of the County of Suffolk, bro't 
in and counted by the Moderator and Town-Clerk, when it ap- 
peared that the whole number was 288. of which 202 were for 
M r . Samuel Clap, 81 for M r . Benj a . Hammett, and 5 for M r . 
William Alline, all discreet, suitable Persons, being Freeholders 
& Residents in s d . County. 

Votes 

for a Register of Deeds for the County of Suffolk, 
brought in and counted by the Moderator and Town Clerk, when 
it appeared that the whole number was 398 and all of them for 
M r . William Alline, a discreet suitable Person, being a Freeholder 
and a Resident in said County ; 

Adjourned to 3 oClock P. M. 

3 o'Clock P. M. met according to Adjournment 

John Codman Esq. having declined serving as an Overseer of 
the Poor. He had the thanks of the Town for his good services 
in that Office for a number of years past. 

[5O5.] On Motion, ^ ^ oted that the choice of an overseer of 
the Poor in M r . Codmans room be referred to the adjourn*. 



420 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Mess 18 . Sliubael Hewes 

Benjamin Thomas 
Samuel White 
Enoch May 
John Cade 
John Bosson 
Thomas Stevenson 
Thomas Tenant 
Amos Lewis 
Benjamin Johnson 
were chosen Constables for the year ensuing. 

The Consideration of all Money matters referred to May Meet- 
ing. 

Voted that in Addition to the Selectmen, twelve Persons shall 
now be chosen as a School Committee And the Votes being 
brought in, counted and sorted it appeared that the following 
Gentlemen were chosen, viz. 

Hon. Thomas Dawes Esq. 

Rev d . Samuel West 

Rev d . John Lathrop D. D. 

Jon a . L. Austin Esq. 

W m . Tudor Esq. 

D r . Thomas Welch 

Rev d . Sam 1 . Stillman D. D. 

Hon. Geo. Richard Minot Esq. 

D r . David Townsend 

D r . Aaron Dexter 

M r . W m . Smith 

D r . William Spooner 

[5O6.] Voted that the above named Gentlemen, who con- 
junctly with the Selectmen, are termed the School-Committee, be 
and hereby are directed to carry the new System of Education, 
which has been adopted by the Town, into operation, and s d . 
Committee are also authorized and impowered, conjunctly to 
manage and regulate the Officers and Government of the Schools, 
and in future to exercise all the Powers relating to the Schools, 
and School-Masters, which the Select-men, or such Committees 
are authorized by the Laws of the Commonwealth, or the Votes 
of the Town to exercise, any former Votes of the Town notwith- 
standing. 

Voted that Herman Brimmer 
Joseph Russell j r . 
Samuel Brown Esq r . 

be, and hereby are appointed a Committee to audit the accounts 
of the Town Treasurer, and also the Accounts of the Select-men, 
and Over-Seers of the Poor, and said Committee are also directed 
to report the sum necessary to be raised, for the Services of the 
present year. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1796. 421 

Voted that the Assessors be and hereby are directed to sit for 
such Abatements of Taxes as they shall judge reasonable, two 
days in each week ; after the delivery of the Tax Books, to the 
Collectors for the space of six weeks, and no longer, saving they 
be allowed to sit the last week in February, Lord's day excepted, 
for the abatement of y e . Taxes of such Persons as had Not the 
opportunity of applying in the above limited time, by reason of 
their being out of this Com[5O7.]monwealth, or any other un- 
avoidable hindrances, and that the Assessors determine on the 
said two days, which is to be noted on the Tax-bills, to be de- 
livered the Inhabitants. 

The Votes being brought in for 5 Assessors, it appeared that 
only the four following Gentlemen were chosen, viz. 
Giles Harris Esq r . 
Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 
M r . John R. Sigorney 
M r . Caleb Blanchard 

Adjourned to to morrow, 10 o' Clock A. M. 

Tuesday 10. o'Clock A. M. Met 
according to Adjournment. 

The Votes being brought in for one Assessor it appeared 
that, 

M r . Thomas Hitchbourn 
was chosen for the year ensuing. 

W m . Tuder and Jonathan Loring Austin Esq. having each of 
them declined, serving in the School Com ee . they had each of 
them, the thanks of the Town, for their Good Services in that 
important trust, for some years past. 

Voted that 5 P C f . be and hereby is allowed to the Collectors 
of Taxes for the year ensuing, for all such sums of money and 
public Securities, as they shall collect and pay into the [5O8.] 
several Treasurers of the sums committed to them to collect 
Also that such Collectors shall give Bond with sufficient Sureties, 
to the satisfaction of the Select-men, for the faithful discharge of 
their Duty in said Office, and complying with this Vote, and that 
they will not receive any Premium or Gratuity, for discharging 
any Orders, Notes or Receipts from the Treasurer of this State 
or the Treasurer of this Town. 

The Votes being brought in for four Collectors of Taxes, it 
appeared that 

Benjamin Henderson 
Mess re . Thomas Bayley 
James Thompson 
Benjamin Jepson 
were chosen Collectors of Taxes, for the year ensuing. 



422 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Samuel Jones 
Thomas Thompson 
Amos Whitney 
Mess rs . Thomas Walley j r . 
William Turner 
William Walter 
David West 
Joseph Foster 
Charles Miller jr. 
John F. Loring 
Stoddard Capeu 
John Gore j r . 
were chosen Clerks of the Market, the ensuing year. 

[5O9.] Joshua Bentley 

John Champney 

Benjamin Page 

John Cogswell 

Benjamin White 
Mess- Thomas Sherburn 

James Blake 

James Robins 

Edmund Ranger 

William Clouston 

William Darricot 

Nath 1 . Tidmarsh 

were chosen Surveyors of Boards, Shingles, for the ensuing 
year. 

The Selectmen 
were chosen Surveyors of highways for the year ensuing. 

M r . Abraham Adams 
was chosen informer of Deer, for the year ensuing. 

Benjamin White 
Mess Moses Ayers 
Thomas Rice 
were chosen fence Viewers for the year ensuing. 

Thomas Bradley 
David Holies 
Mess- Matthew Loring 
William Billings 
were chosen Sealers of Leather, for the ensuing year 

[5 1C.] Jeffry Richardson 

Messrs Isaac Davis 
were chosen Surveyors of Hemp for the ensuing year. 

Jirah Holbrook 
Cap*. Jos. Gleason 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1796. 423 



J? William Jennings 
Thomas Boiler [Bolter?] 
Isaac Tuckerman 
were chosen Sealers of Wood, for the ensuing year. 

Edward Jones 
Mess- Richard Housefall 

Francis Booth 
were chosen Haywards for the ensuing year. 

George Connell 
Mess Daniel Bell 
were chosen Hog-reeves for the ensuing year. 

Joshua Wea.therly 
Mess John Wells 
were chosen Assay Masters, for the ensuing year. 

Edward Tuckerman Esq. 
M r . Edward Edes 
were chosen Surveyors of Wheat, for the ensuing year. 

M r . Edward Rumley 
was chosen Inspector of Stone-Lime. 

[511.] Roger Barlett 

Mess?? Joseph Doble 
David Brace 
were chosen Cullers of Dry Fish, for the year ensuing. 

Joseph Loring 
Thomas Barber 
George Singleton 
Edward Burt 
Thomas Foster 
William Parkman 
Mess- John Bray 

Henry Purkitt 
Jonathan Gushing 
James Barry 
Hezekiah Hutson 
Philip Hitchbourn 
Joseph Whittemore 
were chosen Cullers of Staves and Hoops, for the year ensuing. 

The Petition of the Collectors, for an allowance on Account of 
the rise of Provisions was read and committed to 
Herman Brimmer 
Joseph Russell 
Samuel Brown Esq^? 
to consider and report thereon 



424 CITY DOCUMENT. 

[512.] The Petition of James Thwing, relative to an allow- 
ance for a loss occasioned by the detention of land read and 
committed to 

Joseph Russell Esq. 

William Tuder Esq. 

D r . Nathaniel Hall 

John Sweetser Esq. 

M r . John Tilestone 
to consider and report thereon. 

The Petition relative to a ten feet Passageway read and re- 
ferred to the above Committee 

The Article in the Warrant, viz. "that orders be taken to 
ascertain the right of the Town to the flatts in the several parts 
of the Town" read and referred to the Select-men, to act 
thereon. 

The Article relative to the North burying-ground read and 
referred over to May Meeting. 

On a Motion made by Col. Dawes and seconded by Thomas 
Edwards Esquire 

Voted that the Town Clerk be, and he hereby is directed to 
cause the Act, passed 11 th . February 1794. "entitled an act as 
containing what shall constitute a legal Settlement of any per- 
son in any Town or District within this Commonwealth, so as to 
enable him to a Support therein, in case he becomes poor and 
stands in need of Relief, and for [513.] repealing all Laws 
hitherto made, respecting such Settlements" Also a Resolve 
passed Feb y . 27th 1796, giving directions to the Overseers of the 
Poor and Select-men, relative to Paupers, to be wrote or printed, 
and put into a Frame & to be kept constantly hanging on the 
Selectmen's Room, and the Room inhabited by the keeper of the 
Alms-house and Work-house, in order to answer the purposes for 
which said Act and Resolve were passed, so far as it concerns 
the Town of Boston 

Adjourned to Monday next, being the twenty first Ins*. 10 
o'Clock A. M. 

Monday the 21, March, 10 o'Clock A. M. Met according to 
Adjournment. 

D r . Lothrop as one of the School Com ee . having declined 
serving received the thanks of the Town, for his good service, 
in that trust. 

On Motion, Voted that the thanks of the Town be, and hereby 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1796. 425 

are given unto Col. William Scolley, for his good Services, as a 
Select-man, a number of years past. 

M r . Thomas Perkins 

had a majority of Votes, for an Overseer of the Poor, in the 
room of M r . Codman, who has resigned that Office. 

[514.] The Committee on the Petition relative to a ten feet 
Passage way, reported whereupon it was moved and passed 
that the same be recommitted, to report at May meeting. 

M r . Arnold Wells j r . 

M r . Joseph Crocker 

William Eustis Esq. 

had a majority of Votes, brought in for three School Com?? men, 
in the room of three others, who had resigned. 

Benjamin Johnson excused by the Town from serving in the 
Office of Constable. 

John Kenedy 
Mess-. Jirah Holbrook 
chosen Constables for the year ensuing. 

Voted that all matters and things which shall remain unfin- 
ished, at this meeting, be referr'd over to the May Meeting. 

The Committee appointed to examine the late Treasurer Rus- 
sell's books and accounts, report that there appears by the books, 
to be due from the Town 13493 Dollars 8 Cents. 2 mills, to wit. 

To Aaron Blaney - - 25. 
Langdon's Heirs- - -548 ,, ,, 11 

eld Notes Ezekiel Price Esq. - - 220 ,, 15 ,, 4 

Benj a . Parker- - - - 463 ,, 5 

Elizabeth Partridge - - 237 ,, 12 ,, 6 

[515.] Jon a . White - - - - 202 ,, 1 ,, 8 

Sarah Atkins - - - - 300 

Select-men - ... 369 

Clough 4 

old Notes 

Edw d . Procter 100 

John White - - - - 51 ,, 6 ,, 1 

Benj a . Waldo - - - 800 

Edward Procter - - - 210 



3500 ,, 2 ,, 11 $11667.56 



Unpaid on Select men's Drafts 
July 1795. Thomas Davis - - 6 ,, 9 ,, 
Estate. John Gray - 32 ,, 2 



426 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



Thomas Dawes - - 9 

Widow Low - - - 4 ,, 10 

G*. Blanchard - - 8 

L. Clouston - - - 15 - 

S. V. Savage - - 12 

S. Dillaway - - - 7 ,, 10 



94 ,, 11 $315 16 

October. Thomas Mayo 

Estate of Jos. Russell 
late Treasurer 



There also appears due to the Town 

c. m. 

viz. Town Powder - - $1041 . 95 . 5 

Geo. Makepeace - 549 ,, 32 

Andrew Tukesbury 134 ,, 32 - 

Ephraim Brown - 41 ,, 11 ,, 2 

Peirce & Wheeler - 12 ,, 50 
Amount of Int. ) 

paid in part. Int. [ 287 ,, 13 ,, 1 
due on Notes j 

[516.] 

For Rents John Meriam - - 9,, ,, 

Jon a . Windship - 10 ,, 12 ,, 6 

Jesse Houghton - 4 

Amos Windship - 3 

Seba Hews - - ,,12 

Jon a . Towle - - 1 ,, 4 

Elizabeth Boyer - 7 ,, 10 

M. Fessington - - 6 ,, 7 ,, 6 

42 ,, 6 - 
From the Collectors 



c. m 

$11461 ,, 58 . 2 



$141. 



c. m. 

Tho 8 . Bayley - - $2522 . 81 . 9 
Benj a . Henderson - 1755 ,, 90 ,, 9 
Benj a . Jepson - - 2551 ,, 2 ,, 9 
James Thompson - 2424 . 19 ,, 7 $9253 ,, 95 . 1 



To which must be added 

Abatements on 1794 Tax 
Collector's Premiums 
Interest due on Notes 
Bad Debts 



c. m. 

$11461 . 58 . 2 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1796. 427 

The foregoing your Committee thinks is a true state of the 
Town's affairs the last Tax is not entered in M r . Russell's 
books on the annexed sheet is the late Town Treasurer's 
general Account and a tryal ballance of his books this Report 
is respectfully submitted 

Herman Brimmer 
Boston March 12. 1796. Joseph Russell j r . 

Samuel Brown 

The foregoing Account having been read and considered 
Voted that the same be accepted 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given to 
the Hon. Thomas Crafts Esq r . Moderator, for his good services 
The meeting was dissolved 

[517.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston, of twenty one years of age and upwards, qualified as the 
Constitution prescribes, and legally warned in public Town meet- 
ing, assembler at Faneuil Hall, on Monday the 4 th . day of April, 
Anno Domini 1796 9 o'Clock A. M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . Mr. West 
Warrant for calling meeting read 

Paragraph of the Constitution or Frame of Government relative 
to the choice of Governor IA Governor & Senators read 

It was then declared by the Selectmen, that no Vote would be 
received, but such as were unfolded, and that they propose the 
Poll shall be closed, at half past one O'Clock the Votes to be 
received at the Table, and the Bells to begin tolling at one 
o'Clock. 

Persons Voted for as Governor, with the number of Votes 
for each person. 

Votes 
viz. His Excellency Samuel Adams Esquire- - - 1614 

Hon. Increase Sumner Esq. - 848 

M r . Sampson Reed - 1 

Hon. Edward Robins -------- l 

Persons Voted for as L*. Governor, with the number of 
Votes, for each person viz. 

Votes 

His Hon. Moses Gill Esq. 2431 

[518.] Hon ble . Thomas Russell Esq r . 3 

M r . Adam Colson - . 1 

Hon. James Warren - 2 

Hon. Elbridge Gerry Esq. - 2 

Cap*. Moses Wallack 1 

Hon. Nathaniel Gorharn Esq. - 1 



428 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Persons Voted for as Senators, for the County of Suffolk, 
with a number of Votes for each Person, viz. 

Hon. Thomas Dawes Esq. 2404 

Hon. Oliver Wendell Esq. 2380 

Hon. Benj a . Austin J r . Esq. 1544 

Hon. John C. Jones Esq. - - 949 

W m . Eustis Esq. - 1513 

Theophilus Cushing Esq. 937 

Stephen Gorharn Esq. ------ 1 

Charles Cushing Esq. 4 

Jon a . Mason Esq. ------- 1 

John Sweetser Esq. ------- 2 

Hon. James Bowdoin Esq. ------ 1 

Arnold Wells Esq. - - - - 2 

Hon. Stephen Higginson Esq. ----- l 

Cap*. Lemuel Gardner -------- 2 

M r . John Magnor 2 

M r . John Duggan - 2 

Hon. W ra . Tuder Esq r . 3 

Samuel Brown Esq. - 2 

Thomas Edwards Esq. 1 

Geo. Blake Esq. 1 

Charles Jarvis Esq. 11 

Attested Copies of the Persons voted for [for] Governor L*. 
Governor and Senators for the County of Suffolk were [519.] 
committed to the Secretary of the Commonwealth and in the In- 
closure sealed up in Town-meeting Subscribed as follows viz. 
For John Avery Esq r . 

Secretary for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The number of Votes of the Town of Boston for a Governor L*. 
Governor & 4 Senators for the County of Suffolk certified within 
and sealed up in town meeting 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

[5 2O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, in public Town Meeting, Assembled at 
Faneuil Hall, on Monday the 25th day of April A. D. 1796 ten 
O'Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling meeting read. 

Hon. Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 

On Motion adjourned to old- South-Church the number being 
more than the Hall could hold 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1796. 429 

Met at old South-Church when the Warrant for calling the 
Meeting was read, as also the Petition to the House of Repre- 
sentatives, say memorial in Congress, & after considerable debate, 
a Motion was made by D r . AVarren, that the question upon the 
memorial, be taken, and being called for from every quarter of 
the World Another motion was made by D r . Jarvis, that the 
Question be postponed till 4 oClock in the after-noon and be then 
taken up by yeas and nays, upon which, previous motion was then 
made, that the Question, be viz. Whether the Question upon the 
memorial be now taken, which was put, and passed in the affirm- 
ative by a very great majority then the motion of D r . Warren 
was put viz. that the Town do approve of the object and senti- 
ments contained in the memorial [521.] which has been read 
and referred to in the Memorial, and now before them which 
passed in the affirmative by a very great majority 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public Town 
meeting, assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Wednesday the llth day 
of May, Anno Domini 1796 10 oClock A. M. 

Prayer was made by Rev d . D r . Stillman 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

That part of the Constitution or Frame of Government which 
relates to the Choice of Representatives - - - read - - . 

Sunday Laws to be read at said Meeting were accordingly, or 
parts of them read 

The Town having determined by a Vote to chose seven Repre- 
sentatives to Represent them in the General Court of Massachu- 
setts, to be held in the State-house in Boston, on the last Wednes- 
day of May Current agreeably to the Constitution or Frame of 
Government [522.] for Massachusetts the Inhabitants were 
directed by the Select-men, to withdraw, and bring in their Votes 
for Seven Representatives, and then it was declared by the Select- 
men, that no Votes would be received, but such as are unfolded, 
& that they intend the Poll shall be closed at half past 1 o 'Clock 
the bell to begin tolling at one o'Clock. 

The assessors to attend, at the Delivery of Votes 

The Votes being brought in for seven Representatives, the num- 
ber of the same, were found to be 2103, and upon sorting them, 
it appeared that the following Seven Gentlemen had obtained a 
Majority of Votes viz. 



430 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Jonathan Mason Esq 2053 

William Eustis Esq. 2067 

William Little Esq. 2068 

John Codman Esq. 1317 

Joseph Russell Esq. 1324 

Harrison Gray Otis Esq 1306 

Samuel Cooper Esq - 1224 

Votes of those not chosen 

Thomas Edwards Esq. 798 

Perez Morton Esq 765 

Thomas Crafts Esq 751 

George Blake Esq 767 

Arnold Wells 10 

John Duggan 11 

John Magnor 11 

William Smith 24 

Samuel Brown Esq. 19 

[523.] Samuel Parkman Esq. 2 

Aaron Dexter Esq 2 

John C. Jones Esq 4 

William Brown --._.._ 3 

Jon a . L. Austin - 2 

Henry Jackson Esq. 1 

Nath 1 . Fellows 3 

Russell Sturgis Esq. - 2 

Charles Jarvis Esq 8 

Samuel Eliot 5 

Joseph Eaton 2 

Samuel Adams 2 

John Andrews 1 

John Warren Esq. ---._. i 

John Sweetser Esq. 3 

Ebenezer Parsons 2 

William Parsons 6 

Stephen Higginson 5 

D r . Welch 1 

Adam Colson 2 

David Green -. 2 

Stephen Gorham 2 

William Tuder Esq. 1 

Theodore Lyman 1 

Oliver Smith 1 

J. B. Sohier 1 

Adjourned to 5 o'Clock P. M. 

5 O'Clock P. M. met according to adjournment 

Hon. Thomas Crafts Esq. 
chosen Moderator 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1796. 431 

[524.] Col. Crafts having excused himself from serving as 
Moderator 

Jonathan Mason Esq. 

chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 

The Committee to audit Town Treasurer's accH reported, which 
Report is to be taken up at the adjournment 

The Petition of M Lois Clouston, " that the Town will make 
her further compensation for loss sustained by the fire in July 
1794 " read as also the Petition of M r . James Tate of the like 
nature, whereupon, 

Voted that M r . Jon a . L. Austin Esq. 

Joseph May Esq. 

Elisha Sigorney 

be a Committee to consider these Petitions, and Report thereon 
to the Town as soon as may be 

The Petition of a number of the Inhabitants "that the Pump 
in Corn-hill may be removed to some more convenient place " 
read whereupon 

Voted, that this matter be referred to the Select-men, they to 
report thereon 

The article in the Warrant, viz. Whether the Town Treasurer 
shall be directed to call upon M r . George Makepeace for the sum 
he stands charged for on the [525.] town Treasurers books " 
read, whereupon 

Voted that Herman Brimmer Esq. 

Jos. Russell Esq. 

Samuel Brown Esq. 

Committee to audit the Town Treasurer's Accounts, be a Commit- 
tee to consider this matter, and Report thereon to the Town 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants, relative to a large 
Building about to be erected with Wood, for a New -Theatre, read 
whereupon, Voted that D r . Welsh 

Josiah Quincey Esq. 

John Sweetser 

M r . Eben r . Oliver 

John Andrews Esq r . 
be a Committee to consider this Petition, and report 

On Motion, Voted that the aforegoing Vote be reconsidered, 
and the Petitioners have leave to withdraw their Petition. 

Adjourned to Friday next, the 13th. 
Int. 10 o'Clock A.M. 



432 CITY DOCUMENT. 

Friday the 13th of May Int. 10 o'Clock 
A. M. met according to Adjourn*. 

The Votes being brought in for four Constables as required by 
the Moderator, on Ace*. [526.] of the Resignation of those who 
had resign 'd, the same being counted and sorted, the following 
Persons were chosen, viz. 

Abraham Tuckerman 
Benj a . Thompson 
Mess. Samuel Dow 

Joseph Ridgway 

The Article in the Warrant, viz. Whether the Town will recon- 
sider their late Vote for a Temporary Deposit for the dead " read, 

whereupon it was Voted, that the Vote be so far reconsidered, 
as that the Select-men be directed to provide a temporary Deposit 
for the dead, in such part of the Common burying Ground, as 
they shall judge proper. 

The article in the Warrant, viz. "Whether the Town will make 
sale of a piece of land, near fort-hill, adjoining the Land of MIS 
Quincy" read, considered and whereupon 

Voted, that the Select-men be authorized, and they hereby are 
authorized & empowered to make sale of said peice of land, at 
public auction, on the most advantageous manner for the Town. 

The Report of the Committee to audit the Town Treasurer's 
Accounts again taken up, and after some debate thereon, the 
[527.] further consideration of the Report referred to the 
adjournment, and on Motion 

Voted that Joseph Russell Esq. 
Hon. James Bowdoin Esq. 
William Eustis Esq. 

be a Committee to consider some more efficacious mode of collect- 
ing the Tax for the future and to report at the adjournment. 

Adjourned to Friday next, being the 
26. of May Inst. 10 o'Clock A. M. 

Friday May 20th. 10 o'Clock A. M. 

met according to adjournment. 

Joseph Russell Esq. 

chosen Moderator Pro-Tempo, by a hand Vote, in the Room of 
Jonathan Mason Esq. now out of Town. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1796. 433 

Mess-Benj a . Thompson & 

Joseph Ridgway 

excused from serving in the office of Constable, to which they 
had been chosen. 

The Committee on the article in the Warrant, viz. Whether the 
Town Treasurer shall be directed to call upon M r . Geo. Make- 
peace, for the sum he stands charged for on the Town Treasurer's 
Books Reported, and after debate had thereon, it was voted 
that [538.] upon M r . Makepeace paying to the Town Treasurer, 
one half of the Money he stands indebted for, that the remaining 
half of said Debt be remitted him, and the Town Treasurer is 
authorized and empowered to give him a discharge for the same. 

Moved and voted that the Reports on M rs . Clouston and M r . 
Tates Petition, M r . Thwings, and the Petition relative to ten feet 
passage way be, together with any other matters remaining 
unfinished at this meeting, be referred over to the next General 
town meeting. 

The Report on Collector's Petition, being not for making any 
further allowance, as pray'd for, was upon reading and consider- 
ation thereon, accepted by the Town. 

The Committee Relative to a more efficacious mode of collect- 
ing Taxes Reported, & after some debate, the same was recom- 
mitted. 

The Report of the Committee appointed to audit the Town 
Treasurer's Accounts again taken up, considered and accepted 
by the Town, and the same is as follows. That they find the 
Accounts of the Town Treasurer well vouched and right cast. 
that there was due to the Town, the 30th of April Ult [529.] 
if the outstanding Debts would be collected exclusive of $17,382.70 
appropriated for building a new alms-house $13,518.77c. 4m 

Your Committee are of opinion the following debts are doubt- 
ful when, if ever they will be received. 

c m 

Town's Powder $1041.94.5 

Geo. Makepeace - - - 549.32 

Ephraim Brown 41.11.2 
Purez [Peirce] & Wheeler 12.50 

Account Int. 771.13.1 

Andrew Tukesbury 134.32 

Rents outstanding 84. 



2634.32.8 

To this may be added for ) 
Abatements & premiums to > 4000. 

Collectors on 1795 Tax ) 

6634.32. 



.44.6 



434 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



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BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1796. 435 

Overseers for their Drafts ----- 15000. 

The Committee respectfully submit the foregoing Report and 
annex a tryal ballance of the books, with the Treasurer's general 
account and further recommend that the Town lay a Tax of 
$60,000 to defray the aforegoing expences and discharge the 
Town's old debts. 

As it appears to your Committee that it can never be done at 
any period, with more ease to the Citizens than the present. 

Joseph Russell 
Samuel Brown 

In pursuance of the aforegoing Report it was Voted that the sum 
of Sixty Thousand Dollars be raised by a Tax to be assessed on 
the Polls and Estates of the Inhabitants of the Town, to defray 
the expences of the current year. 

Voted, that the sum of six hundred 66 Dollars be allowed and 
paid nnto Samuel Clap, for his services as Town Treasurer the 
present year, the same to be paid him in quarterly payments, as 
it shall become due, and to commence the 1 st . March last. 

Voted, that the sum of six hundred sixty six Dollars, be 
allowed, and paid unto William Cooper, for his Services as Town 
Clerk, the present year, the same to be paid him quarterly as it 
shall become due, and to commence the first of March last. 

[531.] Voted that the sum of four hundred thirty three 
Dollars, be allowed each of the assessors for their respective 
Services, the present year, the same to be paid them quarterly as 
it shall become due, and to commence the 1 st of March last. 

Voted that the sum of six hundred Dollars, be allowed and 
paid unto Josiah Waters, for his Services, as Officer of the Police 
the present year, to be paid him quarterly, as it shall become due. 

Matters unfinished having been referred over to the next gen- 
eral Town meeting 

O 

The Meeting was dissolved 
[END OF BOOK EIGHT.] 



INDEX. 



(487) 



INDEX 



Abbot, Samuel, 188, 191. 

A butters, 66, 104, 108, 116, 118, 164, 167, 176, 

183, 232, 378, 413. 
on Lynn street, 341, 342, 344, 345, 

346. 

Accounts, 10, 34, 36, 49, 65, 72, 82, 88, 92, 150, 
186, 2-24, 230, 237, 240, 274, 293, 
298, 299, 307, 355, 401, 415, 425, 
427, 431, 435. 
of collectors, 360, 402. 

overseers of the poor, 9, 30, 
31, 32, 57, 103, 138, 147, 164, 
191, 223, 2:53, 247, 257, 278, 291, 
321,352,359,387,420. 
selectmen, 31, 164, 191, 247, 
278, 291, 321, 351, 359, 387, 
420. 

town treasurer, 9, 22, 30, 57, 
61, 70,81, 103, 105, 109, 138, 
164, 167, 172, 173, 189, 191, 
197, 198, 223, 233, 247, 257, 
258, 278, 292, 321, 331, 332, 
337, 351, 359, 401, 420, 432, 
433. 

to audit, 9, 19, 78, 146, 149, 386. 
Act, embargo, 363. 

excise, 215, 216. . 

for building with brick or stone, 

79, 372. 
regulating choice of petit iurors, 

241, 341. 

granting an impost, 13, 14. 
of General Court, 49. 
passed Feb. 11, 1794,424. 
relating to widening streets, 375. 
to determine requirements of citi- 
zenship, 206. 

incorporate Boston, 25, 417. 
prevent stage play, 266, 267. 

reasons for its repeal, 

268. 

protect commerce, 347. 
tax, 338. 

Adams, Abraham, 137, 163, 353,386, 422. 
Benjamin, 326. 
John O., 273, 284, 314, 3S9. 
Samuel, 15, 25, 44, 49, 51, 63, 64, fi8, 
88, 89, 90, 91, 95, 96, 112, 119, 120, 
124, 125, 133, 134, 137, 144, 145, 148, 
156, 157, 159, 169, 170, 171, 181, 182, 
183, 184, 194, 206, 227, 255, 282, 286, 
326, 357, 392, 393, 427, 430. 
Seth, 353. 
Thomas, 305. 

Address to Bowdoin, James, 125, 126. 
Hancock, John, 315. 
Washington, Geo., 211, 212, 

213. 

reply, 213. 
Agents for purchase of land, 399. 

to sell land, 400. 
Agriculture, 77. 
Allen (Alline, Allyne), Henry, 244, 257, 

263, 264. 

James, 109, 180. 
William, 419. 

Almshouse, 30, 98, 132, 243, 251, 25-2, 282, 
294, 308, 354, 356, 3<J8, 3U9, 
400, 424. 
annual expense of, 141. 



Almshouse, appropriation for, 141, 201. 

better accommodations for 

poor of, 392, 395, 398. 
deranged state of, 354, 356. 
erect new buildings for, 398. 
built of brick, 399, 400. 
five reasons for new, 239. 
hospital for poor of, 237, 238, 

239. 

number in, 239. 
repairs to, 356. 

suffering of poor in, 132, 218. 
ways for defraying expense 

Of, 135, 141, 2'd4. 

Ames, Fisher, 183, 242, 310, 374. 
Amory, Francis, 277. 
John, 353. 
Jonathan, 278. 
Thomas, 7, 324. 

Andrews, John, 59, 61, 85, 90, 97, 101, 114, 
115, 119, 123, 133, 161, 185, 217, 
223, 224, 226, 306, 323, 430, 431. 
Anniversary of the Independence, 43, 44, 
85, 86, 119, 155, 177, 178, 204, 
236, 262, 301, 339, 365, 405. 
Appleton, Nathan, 218. 

Nathaniel, 47, 59, 61,99, 100, 135, 
137, 144, 147, 157, 207, 229, 230, 
320, 351, 411. 

Nathaniel W., 211, 219, 246, 281. 
Thomas, 101. 

Application of John May, 188, 202. 
Appropriations of money, 33, 34, 35. 
Arms and ammunition', 72. 
amount of, 32. 
fire-arms, 32. 
Army, standing, 130, 131. 

two men for, 30. 
Artillery company, 118. 
Aseay-maeters, choice of, 8, 56, 103, 138, 
163, 186, 223. 248, 280, 322, 
353, 387, 423. 
Assessment, schedule of, for land taken, 

37'J, 380. 

Assessors, 58, 69, 87, 95, 108, 109, 113, 141, 
176, 188, 202, 203, 220, 247, 24. >, 
274, 278, 285, 287, 292, 321, 334, 

335, 336, 338, 350, 362, 395, 421, 
429. 

abatement of taxes, 41, 57, 104, 
108, 111, 143, 1(5, 187, 188, 203, 
220, 246, 247, 278, 321, 334, 335, 

336, 350, 385, 421. 
abatement of Benjamin 

Gray's taxes, 111. 
allowance, 22, 31, 32, 33, 35, 3S, 
57, 70, 85, 107, 136, 150, 165, 188, 
203, 221, 232, 288, 364, 402, 403, 
414, 434, 435. 

choice of, 8, 9, 36, 58, 101, 136, 
164, 188, 221, 247, 278, 281, 323, 
329,351,385,421. 
examine lists of collectors, 

202. 

extra duties of, 285. 
Assize of bread, 182. 
Atkins (Atkens), Sarah, 425. 

Silas, 115, 116. 

Attorney, 214, 275, 296, 297, 298. 
Auditors, report of, 81, 82. 



(439) 



440 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



Austin, Benjamin, 16, 55, 64, 69, 76, 110, 112, 
145, 170, 195, 2-27, 242, 255, 273, 282, 
286, 289, 294, 300. 306, 310, 316, 326, 
327, 3v>8, 329, 332, 333, 336, 347, 357, 
362, 392, 393, 406, 428. 
Daniel, 7,250,312,317. 
David, 306. 

Jonathan L., 6, 53, 102, 119, 120, 
125, 134, 161, 185, 217, 245, 277, 
282, 319, 320, 350, 351, 384, 388,418, 
420, 421, 430, 431. 
Loring, 318. 
Mr., 87, 180. 
Nathaniel, 306. 
Samuel, 2, 5, 19, 353. 

A very, John, 16, 64, 113, 146, 170, 184, 195, 
228, 255, 287, 311, 316, 326,327, 358, 
374, 393, 428. 
Avis, Samuel, 190, 222. 
Ayres, Joseph, 140, 162, 192, 221. 
Moses, 387, 422. 

Baker, Luke, 221. 

Batch, Nathaniel, 42, 286, 306, 411. 

Baldwin, Luke, 278. 

Rev. Mr., 288. 

Ballard, John, 4, 20, 45, 64, 61, 65, 74, 87, 
101, 134, 161, 187, 190, 238, 248, 
280,321, 322. 
Joseph, 11, 102, 140, 162. 
Jfr.,41.88. 
Samuel, 109, 187, 191. 
Bangs, Samuel, 7, 56, 102, 137, 163, 187, 222, 

377, 380, 381. 
Banks, 400. 

Massachusetts, 397. 
Union, 397. 
Barber, Nathaniel, 47, 59, 116, 144. 

Thomas, 222, 254, 280, 325, 354, 388, 

423. 

Barrel (Barrell), Joseph, 3, 5, 19, 25, 45, 
76, 90, 91, 146, 164, 174, 
188, 210, 227, 240, 286, 
334 336. 

Barret (Barrett), John,' 172, 314. 
Mr., 160, 226. 
Samuel, 12, 59, 74, 80, 
133, 226, 244, 257, 263, 
264. 
Barry, Charles, 353. 

James, 253, 280, 325, 355, 389, 423. 
Bartlet (Bartlett), John, 98. 

Roger, 261, 290, 331, 391, 

423. 

Thomas, 353. 
Barton, Samuel, 284. 
Bass, Alden, 354, 387. 

Henry, 54, 101, 134, 161, 190, 282. 
Moses, 55. 

Basset, Joseph, 140, 163, 254, 280, 325. 
Bates, Deacon, 166. 
Batter, Thomas, 387. 
Batterymarch street, repairs on, 355. 
Battery, North, to sell, 74, 144. 
wreck near, 202. 
South, 46, 67, 75. 
Wharf, 62, 144, 197. 
Bayley (Baylay) , James, 108. 

Mr., 31, 71, 192, 202. 
Thomas, 9, 32, 58, 71, 73, ' 
81, 82, 110, 135, 149, 
165, 173, 187, 220, 249, 
258, 279, 292, 329, 352, 
360, 374, 378, 381, 388, 
421, 426, 434. 
Beacon Hill, 59, 70, 132, 143, 154, 180, 290, 

293. 

cost of repairs on, 150. 
exchange of property on, 

134. 

Mr. Hancock's claim to, 143. 
plan of Town's right to, 143. 
sale of land on, 143. 
Beals, Thomas, 116. 



Belcher, Sarson, 3. 
Belknap, Jeremiah, 61, 90, 109, 148. 
Eev. Mr., 160, 179, 226, 330. 
Samuel, 306. 
Bell, Dauiel, 60, 103. 387, 423. 

William, 19, 171, 188, 390. 
Bellingham, 12, 13, 38. 
Bells, ringing of, 15, 63, 112, 150, 183, 316. 
paid for ringing, 360, 402, 434. 
tolling of, 145, 169, 194, 227, 228, 254, 
256, 286, 289, 300, 310, 325, 327, 330, 
357, 358, 374, 392, 395, 427, 429. 
Bent, Rufus, 4. 

Bentley (Bently), Jonathan, 280. 
Joseph, 388. 
Joshua, 58, 140, 162, 190, 

221, 257, 323, 354, 422. 
Bethune, Nathaniel, 139. 
Billings, William, 337, 163, 187, 222, 248, 

279, 353, 387, 422. 
Bills, against wooden buildings being 

used for machinery, 80. 
Continental, 100. 
New Emission, 31, 33, 34, 35, 72. 
Old Emission, 31. 
tradesmans, 33. 
Bingham, .Mr., 391. 
Bisset, Joseph, 222. 
Black, Moses, 101. 
Blacksmith, 31. 
Biagg, Samuel, 55, 277. 
Blaisdel (Blaisdell), Henry, 11, 68, 102, 

140/162, 190, 221. 
Blake, Edward, 324. 

George, 405, 406, 428, 430. 
James, 253, 280, 324, 354, 388, 422. 
Joseph, 300, 301, 306, 314, 330, 332, 

333, 347, 359, 382, 389, 406. 
Mr., 392. 
William P., 386. 
Blanchard, Caleb, 254, 279, 281, 292, 304, 

308, 323. 329, 351, 385,421. 
George, 376, 379, 381. 
G'., 426. 
John W., 386. 
Blaney, Aaron, 425. 
Blodget, Caleb, 192. 
Boardman, Mr., 226. 

Thomas, 192. 

William, 139, 161, 185, 205, 217, 
221, 243, 276, 319, 331, 342, 
349, 384, 416, 418. 
Board of War, arms, not returned to, 32, 

72. 

Boards, surveyors of, choice of, 9, 11, 58, 
102, 104, 107, 137, 140, 162, 166, 
190, 192, 201, 221, 232, 253, 257, 
280, 3-24, 354, 388, 422. 
Boiler, Thomas, 423. 
Bolter, Thomas, 423. 
Bond, Nathan, 192. 

Bonds, 45, 57, 110, 111, 121, 136, 165, 186, 
187, 219, 220, 238, 246, 249, 251, 
279, 321, 338, 349, 352, 384, 389, 
414, 418, 421. 
to be put in suit, 151. 
men, 111, 123, 124. 
Booth, Francis, 65, 98, 139, 162, 187, 222, 

248, 279, 322, 353, 387, 423. 
Boreland. Leonard W., 277. 
Bosson, John, 139, 162, 189, 220, 249, 283, 

323, 352, 386, 420. 

Boston, 1, 2, 12, 13, 14, 16, 23, 24, 25, 28, 37, 
38, 40, 42, 44, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 62, 
64, 68, 79, 85, 86, 87, 89, 94, 95, 96, 
97, 98, 105, 108, 111, 113, 115, 117, 
119, 120, 124, 125, 126, 132, 133, 
143, 144, 146, 148, 154, 156, 157, 
158, 160, 169, 170, 171, 177, 181, 
183, 184, 193, 194, 195, 196, 202, 
204, 205, 208, 211, 213, 214, 216, 
217, 225, 226, 228, 233, 234, 235, 
236, 238, 239, 241. 242. 254, 255, 
256, 25V, 262, 263, 264, 265, 267, 



INDEX. 



441 



Boston , 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 276, 284, 
285, 287, 288, 289, 29(i, 297, 300, 
301, 3ii2, 304, 309, 311, 312, 313, 
314, 315, 316, 317, 318, 325, 327, 
328, 329, 330, 333, 336, 337, 339, 
340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 346, 
347, 348, 356, 358, 363, 365, 366, 
367, 368, 369, 372, 373, 374, 375, 
378, 381, 382, 383, 389, 390, 392, 
393, 394, 410, 412, 414, 416, 417, 
424, 427, 428, 429. 
Bay, 202. 

Common, 21, 66, 70, 84, 106, 153, 

158, 159, 174, 178, 179, 

294, 367, 383, 390, 396, 

397, 417. 

allowance for work 

on, 62. 

bulls on, 60, 193. 
burying ground on, 

369, 411, 412, 432. 
rent of land near, 200. 
rope-walks on, 368, 

369, 371, 389. 
school in the, 21, 22, 84, 
152, 133, 174, 175, 390. 
shore, 202, 203. 

Gazette, article published in, 
reflecting on selectmen, 390, 
391. 
Neck, 47, 65, 66, 67, 188, 202, 309. 

411. 

breaking ground on, 203. 
brickmaking on, 203. 
cows going at large on, 

193. 
measures for preserving 

land on, 47, 48. 
proprietors of land on, 

100, 105. 
relative to dam on, 331, 

332, 396, 403, 404. 
repairs on, 70, 150. 
rope-walks on, 368. 
sale of land on, 138, 144, 

146, 411, 412, 416. 
salt works on, 144, 146. 
sea wall on, 59, 65, 66, 10B. 
to defray ex- 
pense of, 66, 
67. 

new boundary line be- 
tween, and Roxbury, 
143. 

Bounties, 373. 
Bourn, Sylvanus, 110. 
Sylvester, 55. 
Bouve, Gibbins, 388. 

Bowdoln, James, 15, 63, 112, 125, 145, 159, 
169, 183, 184, 194, 199, 201, 227, 
255, 275, 286, 310, 311, 316, 326, 
327, 357, 393, 428. 432. 
Jtfr.,200, 295. 
Bowes, Nicholas, 12. 
Boyer, Elizabeth, 426. 

Peter, 5, 6, 9, 54, 57, 84, 97, 107, 123, 
135, 153, 162, 176, 189, 200, 219, 232, 
237, 240. 

Boyle, John, 306. 
Boyles, Rev. Dr., 178. 
Brace, David, 423. 
Bradford, Samuel, 132, 192, 306, 314. 

Thomas, 56. 

Bradley (Bradlee), Moses, 356. 
Samuel, 247. 
Thomas, 102, 137, 1G3, 
187, 222, 248, 279, 322, 
353, 387, 422. 

Brailsford, Norton, 184, 287. 
Braintree, 26, 50. 
Bray, John, 142, 163, 190, 222, 280, 325, 355, 

389, 423. 

Brazer, Jno., 314. 
Bread, assize of, 182. 



Breck, Samuel, 24, 146, 157, 170, 171, 210, 
218, 223, 227, 229, '245, 256, 277. 289, 
291, 293, 312, 334, 335. 
Breed, Mr., 180. 

William, 56. 

Brewer, Thomas, 284, 376, 379, 381. 
Brewster, Oliver, 221, 391, 418. 
Brick, Samuel, 25, 47, 54, 59, 64, 67, 69, 73, 
76, 101, 114, 134, 148, 161, 186, 188, 
196. 

William, 287. 
Brickmakers, 203. 
Bridge, Ebenezer, 113, 310. 
Bridge mill, 360, 361. 

over Charles river, 51. 
to build, 417. 

Brimmer (Brimer), Herman, 9, 45, 46, 59, 
138, 164, 232, 237, 
247, 278, 293, 295, 
304, 306, 308, 321, 
331, 351, 386, 403, 
415, 420, 423, 4'27, 
431. 

Broaders, Bartholomew, 4. 
Brookline, 26, 181, 417. 
Brooks, Eleazer, 310, 311. 

John, 310. 

Brown, Benjamin, 345. 
Daniel, 7. 
Elizabeth B., 397. 
Ephraim, 401, 426, 433. 
John, 2, 8, 15, 23, 53, 64, 85, 95, 97, 
114, 115, 117, 119, 123, 133, 155, 
161, 177, 185, 200. 
Mr., 87. 

Samuel, 310, 314, 347, 362, 386, 393, 
399, 400, 403, 406, 415, 420, 423, 427, 
428, 430, 431, 435. 
William, 18, 59, 368, 374, 378, 381, 

430. 
Bruce, David, 391. 

James, 56, 102, 163. 
Bucknam, Jacob, 192. 
Building of new school-houses, 46, 215, 

231, 261, 292. 
petition to erect, 65. 
wooden, 369, 371, 372, 382. 
Bulflnch, Charles, 139, 253, 261, 265, 266, 
273, 276, 282, 290, 294, 319, 349, 
354, 384, 391. 
Dr., 179, 180. 

Bulls, on the common, 60, 187, 193. 
Bumstead, Jeremiah, 311. 
Burbeck, William, 124. 
Burial places, chapel, 411, 412. 
north, 424. 

on common, 411, 412, 432. 
south, 412. 

measures adopted 

for, 412. 

repairs of, 70, 150. 
Burk, Benjamin, 19. 
Burt, Edward, 60, 103, 142, lf.6, 190, 222, 

253, 280, 325, 354, 388, 423. 
Butterfleld, George, 55. 

John, 4, 88, 139, 162, 189, 220, 

249, 283, 323, 352, 386. 
Buttler (Butler), Joseph, 11, 58, 102. 
By-laws, 48, 94, 274, 275, 281, 283, 295, 296, 

298, 299. 

breaches of, 296, 297. 
expense of printing, 150. 
for regulation of market, 45, 47. 
obstructions to carrying into 

effect, 296. 
relative to bulls, 19$. 

repealed, 194. 
carriages, carts and 

truck wheels, 95. 
sextons, 118. 
revision of, 47, 82, 83, 87, 88, 91, 

93, 94, 95, 96, 164, 168, 187, 191. 
votes for carrying into effect, 
297. 



442 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



Cabot, John, 172. 

Samuel, 139, 168, 250, 266, 276, 283. 
Cade (Cades), John, 98, 147, 162, 189, 220, 

249, 283, 323, 352, 355, 391, 420. 
Callender, Joseph, 180, 192, 386. 
Cambridge, 32. 

Bay, 178. 

Cammell, George, 328, 353, 387. 
Candles, 402, 434. 
Capeu, Hopestlll, 253, 306. 
Stoddard, 422. 
Thomas, 353. 
Cargill, Hugh, 287. 
Carlton, Osgood, 370. 
Carnea, Joseph, 386. 
Lewis, 247. 
Carpenters, 31. 
Carter, James, 20, 1, 83, 105, 110, 152, 174, 

284, 290. 

Mr., 79, 106, 209, 231, 281. 
Cary, James, 8. 
Causeway, 69. 
Centinel, advertisement in, for sale of 

town orders, 391. 
proposals for farming out the 

market, published in, -^50. 
report about privateers, pub- 
lished in, 340. 
Certificates, 193, 261. 

Champney, John, 11, 58, 102, 140, 162, 190. 
221, 253, 280, 323, 354, 388, 422. 
Chapel, burying-ground, 411, 412. 
Charles river, 51. 
Charlestown, 51. 

Ferry, 100, 104. 
Checkley, John Webb, 324. 
Cheevers, Capt., 180. 
Cheney, Mr., 79, 201, 209, 305. 

Samuel, 84, 106, 152, 153, 174, 175. 
Chimney sweepers, badges, 150. 
Church, old brick, 262, 301, 339, 365. 

South, 43, 177, 236, 302, 339, 348, 

405, 428, 429. 
stone chapel, 85, 86, 119, 155, 204, 

412. 

Clap, Samuel, 385, 414, 418, 419, 435. 
Clark (Clarke), Christopher, 255. 

John, 148, 158, 206, 254, 

283,320,351,388,392. 
Joseph, 20, 54, 101, 134, 
161, 186, 210, 218, 245, 
277, 320, 350, 355. 
Mr., 14. 

Thomas, 227, 247, 287, 346. 
Cleland, William, 286. 
Clerks of the market. (See Market.) 
Clough, William, 7, 425. 
Clouston, Lois, 377, 379, 381, 426, 431, 433. 

William, 354, 388, 422. 
Coal, 151, 402, 434. 
Cobb, David, 310. 

Samuel, 104, 277. 
Cobbet (Cobbit), Major, 247. 

Nathaniel, 74. 

Codman, John, 19, 147, 161, 185, 215, 217, 
245, 277, 319, 335, 348, 350, 369, 
370, 384, 389, 418, 419, 430. 
Mr., 425. 
Richard, 101, 370. 
Cogswell, John, 166, 190, 221, 280, 324, 354, 

388, 422. 

Collectors of taxes. (See Taxes.) 
Collins (Collena. Ceilings) , Clement, 11, 58, 
10-2, 140, 162, 
190, 221. 
Palfrey, 195. 

Colson (Colsen), Adam, 56, 102, 137, 163, 
187, 222, 248, 279, 282, 
286, 322, 393, 427, 430. 
Commerce, 28, 29, 40, 78, 216, 269, 347, 363, 

407, 408, 409. 
illicit, 77. 

Commission to Benjamin Henderson, 
117. 



Committees, accounts, to audit, 9, 19, 23, 

30, 57, 61, 70, 81, 103, 105, 

109, 138, 146, 147, 149, 164, 

167, 172, 191, 197, 223, 233, 

247, 257, 278, 291, 321, 331, 

332, 251, 386, 401, 420, 432, 433. 

allowance to salary men, 137. 

almshouse, expense of, 135, 

141, 354. 

poor in, 218. 
selling of, to 

consider, 282. 
state of, 23'J, 243, 

251. 
application of John May, 

188. 

assessors, to consider extra 
duties upon, 285. 
to confer with, 

104. 

bills, relative to old conti- 
nental, 100. 
bridge, repairs on West 

Boston, 333, 336, 337. 
building, relative to wooden, 

282, 369, 371, 382. 
bulls, relative to, 191, 193. 
burying grounds, 411, 412. 
by -laws, to consider, 281, 282, 

283, 295, 296. 
revise, 47, 48, 82, 
83, 87, 88, 91, 
93, 94, 95, 96, 
168, 187, 191, 
202, 295, 296, 
297. 

coaches, relative to hack- 
ney, 247, 253. 

constitution,defectgin,91,92. 
corporation, relative to, 37, 

40,42. 

correspondence, 4, 31. 
Court, General, to procure 
a more convenient place 
for holding the, 157, 158. 
debt, to obtain from the 

Commonwealth, 151. 
dock, Oliver's, 100, 142. 
dogs, relative to, 80, 82. 
excise act, repeal of, 215, 

216, 333, 336. 

expenses of the year, to 
estimate sum to be raised 
for, 22, 32, 61, 80, 99, 105, 
137, 149, 151, 152, 154, 167, 
174, 188, 189, 191, 198, 199, 
201, 321, 352, 359, 387, 420. 
fire, for relief of sufferers 

by, 366, 367, 368, 416. 
wood, relative to, 80, 

275. 

Governor, to draw up the 
form of an 
address to, 
125. 

present ad- 
dress to, 125. 
present reso- 
lutions to, 
314, 315. 
grain, for purchasing, 32, 72, 

81. 

granary, 90, 415. 
Hancock, Mr., to confer 
with, on claim to Beacon 
Hill, 134, 135, 143. 
hospital, to consider erect- 
ing, 238, 389. 
house, relative to Silas 

Atkens, 115, 116. 
jurors, to act upon list of, 26, 

239. 

justices, relative to fines of, 
109, 117. 



INDEX. 



443 



Committees, lamps, on lighting, 265, 267, 
282, 285, 288. 

letter, to reply to Mr. , 

328. 

c om m i tt ee of 
Wrentham and 
Medway, 3, 12. 
market, on by-laws of, 45, 

46, 47. 
clerks of the, 165, 

168, 224. 
duty of, 219. 
money, to furnish 
accounts of, col- 
lected for stands 
at, 49. 

regulations of, 9, 
61, 65, 265, 266, 
362, 363. 

state of, 245, 250. 
square, to discover 
Incendi- 
ary who 
set fire 
to build- 
ing on, 
121, 122. 
reward of- 
fered,122. 
on erecting 
stalls in, 
266. 
mills, relative to North 

Chocolate, 74, 79. 
neck, relative to dam on, 331, 
332, 396, 
404. 

inroads of 

the sen 

on, 60, 65, 

66.67. 

land on, 47, 

48. 
selling of, 

412. 
nuisance, relative to a, 224, 

341. 

orator, to provide for July 
Fourth, 43, 44, 85, 86, 119, 
120, 155, 177, 178, 204, 205, 
236, 262, 263, 301, 339, 365, 
366, 405. 
passageway, relative to, 424, 

425. 

petition, Abbot, Samuel, 191. 
Ballard, John, 41, 

45, 61, 65, 87. 
Bowdoin, Mr., 295. 
Clouston, Lois, 431. 
constables', 148, 149, 

152. 
county ,to form new, 

26, 27, 28, 29. 
Court, General, 38, 
206, 214, 
230, 260, 
265. 

to repeal law 
against the- 
atrical en- 
t e rt a 1 n- 
ments, 312. 
report of 
committee, 
313, 314. 

Cunningham, Jo- 
seph, 164, 165, 167. 
Darracott, William 

401. 

Daw, Samuel, 200. 
draught of, to pre- 
pare, 52. 

flre insurance Co., 
67, 78. 



Committees, petition, Gray, Katharine, 

Gray, Mr., 46. 
Hancock, Mr., 59, 

141. 

Harris, Giles, 287. 
Hills, Mr., 67, 242, 

261, 265. 

Holbrook, J i r a h, 
290, 
35L, 
355. 

John, 

281, 

2K3. 

Incorporate Boston, 

25, 90, 91, 93. 
Jackson, Henry, 

411. 
Jeffries, David, 139, 

141. 
Jones, Daniel, 290, 

291. 
Loring, Jonathan, 

401. 

Makepeace, 192. 
Mason, Mr., 284, 

288, 293. 

May, Aron, 22, 36. 
number of inhabit- 
ants, 352. 
Palmer, Joseph, 

144, 146. 
Parker, Margaret, 

99, 108. 
Pierpont, Robert, 

417. 

Baiter, Richard, 140. 
Sargent, CoZ.,202. 
school at South 
End, proprietors 
Of, 36. 
Sergeant, Paul D., 

192. 

Tate, James, 431. 
thirteen towns, 49. 
answer to, 

50,51. 

Thomas, Alexan- 
der, 90, 92, 99. 
Thompson, James, 

362. 
Thwing, James, 

424. 
Tileston, Mr., 138, 

153. 

Torrey, Joeiah, 99. 
police, relative to, 273, 274, 

275. 

salary of, 364. 
poor, accommodations for, 

294, 396, 398. 
hospital for, to erect, 

237, 238. 

relief of, 229, 230, 260. 
subscriptions for, 132. 
support of, to nego- 
tiate contract for, 
252. 

President, address to, to 
prepare, 207, 
211. 

respects of 
town, to ex- 
press, 207, 210. 
to wait on, 207. 
provisions, on high price of, 

413, 414. 
representation of Collo. 

Waters, 362. 
representatives, to prepare 

instructions for, 75, 76. 
road, from West Boston to 
North End, 59. 



444 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



Committees, rope-walks, on erecting, 368, 
369, 389, 401, 
414. 

passageway 
between, 
318. 
salaries, relative to, 83, 295, 

362. 

schools, arrangement of 
free, 16, 17, 18. 
building more, 
74, 79. 

North 
read- 
ing, 
390. 

committee, to con- 
sider represen- 
tation of, 231. 
education in, to 
consider, 206, 
208. 

masters, means to 
discharge 
a r r e a r- 
ages due, 
137. 

opinion 
of, respect- 
ing, 17. 
salaries of, 
20, SO, 168. 
new, relative to, 
41, 46, 166, 182, 
206. 

number in, to as- 
certain, 18, 19. 
state of, 6. 
to visit' public, 99, 

164, 20-2. 

selectmen to consider having 
more, 62, 67. 
examine 
draughts of, 
10, 67, 103, 
138, 149, 172. 

smallpox, on inocculation 
for, 181, 282, 
284. 
state of, 305, 

307, 308. 

to take measure 

to prevent 

spread of, 

303, 305, 308. 

South Battery, on land at, 

47, 67, 75. 
State House, relative to a, 

312, 317. 
to procure 
land for a, 
383, 396, 397. 
State of Trade, 347, 348. 
Streets, Ferry street, 124. 

building sea wall on 
Terry street, 116, 
117. 
widening Terry 

street, 90. 
Lynn, 342, 344. 
names, to give to, 

164. 

new,290,293,413,414. 
paving and repair- 
ing, 171, 176. 
Sea, 99. 
State, paving and 

repairing, 176. 
widening, 87, 104, 

105. 

Suffolk County, relative to 
dividing, 
23, 266, 
268. 



Committees, Suffolk County, to prepare 
reasons 
agai nst 
dividing, 
29, 38, 
269, 270, 
271, 272. 
tax act, 338. 

allowance for collectors, 

110, 304, 308. 
defaulting collectors, 

to collect from, 81. 
measures to oblige col- 
lectors to pay, 73. 
mode of collecting, 329, 

331, 334, 432, 433. 
names of persons who 
refuse to pay, to ob- 
tain, 334. 
punctual collection of, 

261. 
request of collectors, to 

consider, 237. 
State, with respect to 

paying, 166, 167. 
to wait on dilatory 

payers of, 335, 336. 
theatre, relative to a, 266, 

267, 431. 

thirteen, 210, 282. 
town's debts, to examine, 

240. 

finances, 242.. 
house, land for new, 

to purchase, 158. 
moneys lent to, 61, 

62. 

real estate, on sell- 
ing, 396, 397, 398, 
399. 

safety of, 323, 324. 
Treasurer, accounts, to ex- 
amine, 189, 415, 
416, 425. 
assist, 167. 
State, to wait 

on, 102, 103. 
town, duties of, 
to con- 
eider, 
293. 

money 
due the 
late, 45, 
46, 88, 
89, 92, 
93, 237, 
240. 

sum owed 
t o, b y 
G- e o. 
M a k e- 
p e a c e, 
431, 433. 

treaty between United States 
and Great Britain, to con- 
sider, 406. 

twelve, 205, 208, 211, 215. 
visit, 305. 

votes, to carry into effect, 10. 
count, 114, 1'23, 244, 

257, 263, 264. 
prepare, 229. 
will, on donations in Dr. 

Franklin's, 234. 
wood, to consider admeas- 
urements of, 61. 
Commutation to officers of the army, 13, 

14. 

Concert Hall, paid for repairs to, 70. 
Condy, Foster, 8. 
Congress, 13, 14, 78, 130, 131, 158, 242,310, 

311, 316, 327, 363, 373, 374. 
Impost to, 13, 14. 



INDEX. 



445 



Congress, memorial in, 429. 

representatives in, 183, 184, 241, 

310, 311, 316, 347, 374. 
Connell, George, 423. 
Constables, 7, 42, 54, 58, 95, 100, 274, 305, 

433. 
allowance to, 150, 159, 176, 

360, 402, 434. 

choice of, 4, 11, 20, 55, 56, 98, 
104, 139, 147, 162, 189, 220, 249, 
253, 283, 290, 323, 352, 355,386, 
391, 420, 425, 432. 
reward offered to, 324, 325. 
to walk the streets on the 

Lord's day, 107, 147, 191. 
Constitution or frame of government, 14, 
24, 39, 62, 63, 68, 69, 111, 113, 
145, 148, 169, 170, 171, 194, 
195, 196, 226, 228, 254, 256, 
285, 289, 325, 330, 356, 358, 
392, 394, 427, 429. 
choice of twelve persons to 

ratify, 159. 
defects in, 91, 92. 
for and against revising, 394. 
people to support the, 127. 
Convention, County, 126. 
Cookson, Samuel, 224. 
Coolidge, William, 247. 
Cooper, Jacob, 98, 115. 
Mr., 223. 

Samuel, 306, 314, 430. 
William, 2, 3, 6, 23, 29, 53, 54, 78, 
84, 96, 100, 107, 115, 133, 134, 153, 
160, 161 , 175, 184, 186, 200, 204, 217, 
218, 232, 235, 243, 244, 257, 258, 262, 
263, 264, 265, 276, 282, 286, 301, 319, 
33H, 339, 347, 349, 364, 365, 384, 403, 
405, 406, 418, 435. 
William, 2d, 139, 162. 
Copeland, Ephraim, 306. 

Mr., 180. 
Copper, 409. 
Cop's Hill, town to purchase lots on, 117, 

118. 

Cordis, Joseph, 346. 
Correspondence, Committee on, 4, 31. 
with other btates, 78. 
Council, the, 40, 122, 131, 274. 
County, reasons for forming new, 26. 

objections to forming new, 26, 27, 

28, 29. 

Suffolk. (See Suffolk.) 
treasurer. (See Treasurer.) 
Worcester, 26, 38, 39. 
Court, County, 27, 39. 

General, 13, 24, 25, 26, 28, 29, 38, 40, 
48, 49, 61, 52, 62, 68, 75, 76, 80, 88, 
89, 113, 115, 129, 135, 143, 148, 157, 
158, 166, 171, 183, 196, 203, 206, 214, 
215, 216, 228, 229, 230, 241, 256, 260, 
267, 268, 269, 272, 274, 275, 289, 300, 
309, 310, 312, 313, 316, 318, 325, 327, 
830, 336, 358, 368, 373, 374, 382, 383, 
394, 410, 412. 417, 429. 
House, 95, 214. 

measures for erecting new, 

383. 

tax for new, 28, 40. 
Of common pleas, 26, 27, 38, 39, 241, 

341. 

general sessions, 5, 48, 58, 94, 95, 
96, 98, 115, 
194, 241, 264, 
270, 274, 341. 
clerks of, 95, 
98, 115, 123, 
349. 

justice, 26, 38, 131. 
probate, 26, 27, 38, 39. 
supreme judicial, 241, 270, 275, 341. 
Coverly, Samuel, 221. 
Cowden, Joseph, 353. 
Cowell, William, 376, 379, 381. 



Cows going at large, 193. * 

owners of, assessed, 193. 

Crafts (Craft), Col., 72, 166, 187, 193, 216, 

238,247,338,385,417,431. 

Judge, 343, 347. 

Mr., 160,319, 349, 384. 

Thomas, 90, 91, 98, 104, 116, 

117, 161, 165, 168, 185, 1X8, 

217, 218, 219, 224, 226, -2:i7, 

240,242,243,244,261,262, 

265, 266, 269, 276, 278, 282, 

285, 286, 302, 304, 312, 314, 

317,319,3-21,3-23,324,331, 

334, 340, 341, 342,346,347, 

349, 351, 354, 355, 356, 359, 

365, 366, 367, 368,372,373, 

378, 381, 382, 383, H84, 389, 

390, 392, 393, 395, 396, 404, 

406, 410, 411, 413, 418, 4-27, 

430. 

William, 163, 186, 222, 248, 

279. 
Cranch, Richard, 15, 64, 112, 145, 170, 195, 

227, 255, 286. 
Crane (Grain), Abijah, 102. 

Thomas, 23, 24. 
Cravath, Lemuel, 168, 221. 
Creditors of town, 201. 
Crocker, Allen, 221. 

Joseph, 305, 425. 
Robert, 397. 
Crompston (Crumston), Henry, 189, 220, 

249, 355. 
Cudworth, Benjamin, 72, 73, 173, 361. 

Mr.,Z\, 110,111,149,360. 
Cullers of fish. {See Fish ) 
Cullers of staves. (See Staves.) 
Cumpston, Henry, 386. 
Cuuningham, Andrew, 373, 385, 419. 
Joseph, 164, 167, 197. 
Mary, 164, 167. 
Mr., 136. 

William, 65, 85, 97, 114, 115, 
123, 133, 137, 238, 248, 280, 
3-22, 354. 
House, 167. 
Curtis, Benjamin, 56. 
Jacob, 172. 

Samuel, 7, 55, 103, 137, 163, 279, 322. 
Gushing, Charles, 357, 393, 428. 
Edward, 324. 
Jonathan, 222, 254, 280, 325, 355, 

389, 423. 

Theophilus, 145, 357, 393, 428. 
Thomas, 15,63,112, 145. 
William, 357, 392. 
Cutler, Benjamin, 65. 
James, 324. 

Daltou, Tristram, 63, 64, 145. 
Dam, Hill's, 66. 

on Boston Neck, 331, 332, 396, 403, 

404. 

Dana, Francis, 15, 63, 255,286, 311,326. 
Darricut, William, 354, 388, 390, 401, 422. 
Davis, Amasa, 19, 53, 80, 218, 224, 245, 277, 

306, 3-20, 323, 350, 385, 419. 
Caleb, 3, 15, 23, 24, 25, 29, 46, 59, 64, 
65, 69, 75, 76, 80, 100, IK', 114, 134, 
142, 145, 148, 159, 170, 171, 184, 186, 
192, 195, 207, 210, 214, 215, 216, 218, 
224, 225, 227, 242, 245, 255, 265, 269, 
273, 277, 282, 287, 294, 304, 308, 311, 
318, 322, 326. 
Edward, 164, 188, 221, 247, 278, 306, 

386. 

Henry, 322. 
Isaac, 370, 387, 422. 
Joshua, 41, 166,192. 
Mr., 79, 281. 
Nathan, 20, 21, 83, 84, 152, 153, 174, 

175, 198. 

Nathaniel, 105, 106. 
Robert, 54, 306. 



446 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



Davis, Samuel, 197. 

Thomas, 167, 286, 375, 379, 381, 425. 
William, 136. 
Daw, Samuel, 200. 

Dawes (Daws), Col., 37, 45, 59, 64, 80, 165, 
199,201,216,231,333,341, 
376, 395, 396, 424. 
Judge, 376. 

Thomas, 15, 24, 25, 41, 43, 
52, 64, 69, 70, 74, 75, 76, 
80, 82, 86, 89, 90, 92, 112, 
114,116,117,120,134,135, 
137, 142, 144, 145, 146, 148, 
155, 156, 157, 159, 160, 165, 
168,169,170,171,176,184, 
188, 189, 195, 196, 203, 204, 
205,207,211,218,226,227, 
229, 233, -234, 235, 237, 238, 
240, 241, 242, 243,246, 247, 
252, 254, 255, 257, 259, 262, 
263, 264, 265, 272, 276, 278, 
281, 282, 285, 288, 289, 293, 
294, 296, 300, 302, 303, 304, 
306, 309, 311..318, 319, 320, 
321, 326, 328, 329, 331, 332, 
337, 338, 340, 343, 351, 354, 
356, 357, 361, 363, 368, 371, 
377,379,381,383,387,389, 
390, 393, 399, 400, 401, 406, 
410,411,413,414,415,416, 
420, 426, 428. 
William, 7, 56, 397. 

Debit and credit of the town, 10, 57, 151, 
173, 197, 198, 233, 240, 258, 292, 337, 433. 
Deblois, Gilbert, 7, 110. 

William, 139, 277, 314. 
Debt, amount of towns, 32, 71. 

interest on, 197. 

Declaration of Independence, anniver- 
sary of, 43, 44, 86, 119, 155, 
177, 204, 236, 262, 301, 339, 
365, 405. 

Dedham, 3, 12, 23, 26, 38. 
Deeds, 67, 168, 397, 400. 

of land, for rope-walks, 371. 
register of, choice of, 114, 115, 123, 

419. 

registry of, 26, 27, 38, 39. 
Deer, informer of, choice of, 7, 56, 102, 137, 
163, 187, 222, 248, 279, 322, 353, 386, 
422. 

Island, 360. 
paid for repairs, 31. 
visitation to, 150. 
Delegates, 26. 
Demming, John, 117, 282, 374, 378, 381. 

Samuel, 80. 
Dennle (Denny), Capt., 293. 

Thomas, 99. 
Devens, Richard, 311. 
Dexter, Aaron, 206, 211, 219, 246, 281, 320, 

351, 368, 388, 420, 430. 
Samuel, 15, 64, 310. 
Dillaway, Samuel, 377, 380, 381, 426. 
Dingley, Amasa, 153,175. 
Diseases, infectious, 181, 282, 284, 302, 303, 

305, 307, 308, 361. 
to prevent spread of, 343. 
Doane, Elisha, 101. 
Doble, Joseph, 261, 290, 331, 391, 423. 
Dock, Oliver's, 100, 142, 143. 
Square, 9, 10, 7(i, 397. 

fire in building in, 120. 
fish market in, 121. 
pump, 150. 
Town, 70. 

expense of filling up, 31 , 50. 
request for compensation 

for filling up, 36. 
settled by arbitration, 36. 
Dolbeare (Dolbear), Edmund, 253, 280. 
Edward, 190, 222. 
Donnison, William, 55, 306. 
Dorchester Neck, 412. 



Dorr, Ebenezer, 166, 281, 282, 306, 368. 

Harbottle, 6, 97, 114, 123, 133, 160, 185, 

217,226,243,246,306. 
Doubleday, John, 386. 
Dow, Samuel, 432. 
Drafts of money, 122. 
Duggan, John, 428, 430. 
Dunbar, Elijah, 170, 195, 227. 

Elisha, 287. 
Dyer, Joseph, 104. 

Samuel, 11, 58, 140, 162, 186, 130, 221, 

222, 248, 253, 280, 323, 354. 
Dyke, 404, 412. 

Eames, Luther, 382. 
Eaton, Joseph, 430. 
Eckley, Kev. Mr., 52, 276, 383. 
Edes, Benjamin, 15. 

Edward, 8, 56, 102, 134, 161, 185, 190, 
217, 218, 245, 273, 277, 319, 320, 350, 
353, 384, 385, 387, 418, 419, 423. 
Jacob, 7, 55, 56, 103, 112. 
Mr., 390. 
Peter, 89. 
Education, new system of, 208, 211, 215, 

285, 290, 351, 388, 420. 

Edwards, Thomas, 224, 226, 243, 261, 269, 
273,276, 282, 2CS, 300, 311,319,328,330, 
349, 354, 359, 382, 384, 389, 395, 413, 418, 
424, 428, 430. 

Egner, Joseph, 279, 322. 
Electors, 183, 184, 310, 311. 
Eliot, Josiah, 305. 

Rev. Dr., 144, 180, 205, 256, 373. 
Samuel, 430. 
Simeon, 110. 
Simon, 7, 284. 
Embargo, 363. 
Emmons, Samuel, 370, 401. 
Engine, 33, 70, 360, 402. 
Hay, 100, 362. 

premium to first, at fire, 89. 
repairing, 31, 150, 402. 

damage to, 324. 
Englnemen, premium to, 434. 
English, Thomas, 139, 284. 
Enlistments, 340, 373. 

bounties for men enlisting, 373. 
Erving, John, 30, 55. 
Essex, County of, 26, 38, 310. 

district of, 31B, 327. 
Eustis (Eustes), Jacob, 107, 109. 

William, 199, 205, 207, 210, 
229, 238, 256, 260, 273, 
287, 289, 310, 311, 312, 
317, 326, 330, 341, 348, 
357, 358, 383, 393, 395, 
406, 411, 413, 425, 428, 
430, 432. 

Everett, Pev. Mr., 24, 133. 
Executions against delinquent tax col- 
lectors, 82, 92. 
Eyres, Joseph, 11, 58. 

Joseph Rogers, 102. 

Fallass, William, 31, 32. 

Faneuil Hall, 1,2, 12, 14,23,24,31,37,42,44, 
46, 48, 51, 52, 63, 68, 72, 83, 
85, 86, 87, 89, 95, 96, 111, 113, 
117, 119, 120, 124, 125, 132, 
133, 144, 148, 154, 156, 157, 
158, 160, 169, 170, 172, 177, 
181, 183, 184, 186, 194, 195, 
204, 205, 213, 216, 226, 228, 
231, 233, 235, 236, 241, 243, 
254, 256, 262, 263, 264, 265, 
272, 276, 285, 288, 300, 301, 
302, 304, 309, 312, 316, 318, 
325, 327, 328, 330, 333, a39, 
340, 841, 342, 343, 347, 348, 
356, 358, 363, 365, 366, 367, 
368, 372, 373, 381, 383, 390, 
392, 393, 394, 404, 406, 410, 
411, 414, 417, 427, 428, 429. 



INDEX. 



447 



Faneuil Hall, illumination of, 1. 
paid for repairs, 31. 
market, see market, 
square, 363. 
Farmer, P., 31, 33, 34. 
Farnum, Jonathan, 56. 
Fellows, Gustavus, 4, 54, 100, 178. 

Nathaniel, 306, 347, 406, 430. 
Fence viewers, choice of, 7, 56, 102, 137, 

163, 186, 222, 248, 279, 321, 353, 387, 423. 
Fenuo, John, 137, 167, 168. 
Samuel, 11, 58, 102. 
Ferries, Charlestown, 100, 104. 

Wiunesimlt, 100, 104. 
Ferry street, 124. 

to build wall on, 116, 118, 122. 
expense of wall on, 150. 
Fessington, M., 426. 
Fines, 109, 117, 172, 197. 
Fire-arms, see arms and ammunition. 
Insurance Co., 62, 67, 75, 78. 
men, premiums to, 150. 
wards, 3, 5, 11, 12, 75, 133, 161, 185, 

223, 274, 283. 

choice of, 4, 6, 20, 54, 59, 65, 78, 
100, 101, 104, 134, 142, 162, 
186, 189, 190, 218, 224, 245, 
250, 277, 284, 312, 320, 322, 
350, 355, 359, 373, 385, 419. 
Fires, July 30, 1794, 416, 431. 
on Market square, 121. 
subscription to relieve sufferers 

from, 366, 416. 
Fish, cullers of, choice of, 261, 290, 331, 

391, 423. 
in Faneuil Hall Market Square, 362, 

363. 

market, 121, 361. 

Fisher, Jabez, 15, 64, 112, 145, 184, 195, 227. 
John, 170, 221. 
William, 55. 
Fisheries, 77. 
Fleet, Thomas, 374, 378, 381. 

William, 8, 36, 5s, 101, 136. 
Fooler, Thomas, 163. 
Foot, William, 166. 
Forestallers, 267. 

Forestalling, to prevent, 251, 266, 299, 362. 
Form relative to choice of governor, etc., 
15,63,111,145, 
169, 194, 227, 
256, 285, 325, 
357, 892, 427. 
representa- 
tives, 24, 69, 
113, 148, 166, 
160, 171, 181, 
196, 214, 228, 
256, 289, 300, 
310, 316, 327, 
330, 358, 394, 
429. 

Foster, Bossinger, 53, 164. 
Joseph, 422. 
Thomas, 190, 222, 254, 280, 325, 355, 

3811, 423. 

William, 45, 158, 159, 172, 173. 
Fowle, Mr., 142. 
Fox, John, 324. 
Foxborough, 38. 
Fox hill, 369. 
Franklin, 12, 13. 

Benjamin, 233, 234, 235, 238, 246, 

2.->4. 

Frazier, Nathan, 2, 53, 57. 
Nathaniel, 278. . 
Freeman, James, 183, 211, 219, 246, 281,283, 

285, 394. 
Jonathan, 101. 
French, John, 287. 
Fuller, Abraham, 195. 

Moses, 265, 266, 268, 269. 
Funeral, John Hancock, 344. 
Furness, William, 386. 



Gardiner, John, 73, 82, 85, 86, 90, 91, 95, 99 

120. 

Gardner, John, 43, 82, 88, 324, 386. 
Joseph, 226. 
Lemuel, 142, 163, 190, 222, 280, 

325, 354, 428. 
Mr., 226. 
Nathaniel, 7. 
Robert, 359, 385, 419. 
Gay, Timothy, 23. 
Gees, Widdow, 226. 
General Assembly, 23. 
General Court, (tiee court.) 
Gerry, Elbridge, 15, 169, 255, 286, 326, 357, 

392, 393, 427. 
Geyer, Rev. Mr., 170. 
Gibbs, Caleb, 139. 
Gill, Moses, 357, 392, 393, 427. 
Glllman, Samuel, 7. 
Glaziers, 31. 

Gleason, Joseph, 286, 354, 387, 422. 
Globe tavern, 344, 346. 
Glover, Nathaniel, 101, 221. 
Goals, tax lor, 28, 40. 
Goldthwait, Benjamin, 353. 
Gooch, Mr., 180. 
Good, Jacob, 98. 
Goodhue, Benjamin, 310. 
Goodings, Mr., 118. 
Goodwin, Benjamin, 346. 
Goold, Jacob, 56. 

Gore, Christopher, 36, 61, 62, 74, 145, 159, 
166, 168, 182, 199, 211, 214, 219, 246, 
273, 281. 
John, jr., 422. 
Samuel, 168. 
Stephen, 7. 

Goreham (Gorham), Nathaniel, 357, 427. 
Stephen, 232, 245, 
277, 303, 319, 350, 
384, 395, 406, 418, 
428, 430. 
Government, 39, 40. 

plans for altering form of, 

42. 
printed and sent to every 

inhabitant, 42. 

Governor, address to, 125, 126, 315. 
donor, 116. 
proclamation of, 122, 

read, 125. 

votes for, 15, 63, 112, 145, 169, 
170, 194, 195, 227, 
255, 286, 325, 357, 
392, 427. 

lieutenant, 15, 63, 
112, 145, 169, 170, 
194, 195, 227, 255, 
286, 326, 357, 393, 
427. 

Graham, John, 341, 344, 345. 
Grain, purchasers of, 8, 32. 
Granary, 33, 90, 415. 

exchange of, 134. 
sale of, 252, 398, 399. 
Grants and allowances. (See salaries.) 

of land, 369, 370, 371. 
Grant, Moses, 60, 97, 114, 115, 123, 133, 137, 

165, 167, 306. 
Mr., 136. 
to assessors, 203. 

Gravel, 31, 67, 70, 150, 281, 355, 360. 
Gray, Benjamin, 72, 73. 111. 
Collector, 139, 143. 
Edward, 236. 

John, 164. 190, 376, 379, 381, 425. 
Katharine, 42, 111. 
Mr., 31, 46, 149, 179. 
William, 101. 

Great Britain, 407, 408, 409. 
Green, Benjamin, 192. 
David, 430. 
Edward, 9, 57, 61. 
James, 247. 



448 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



Green, Jesse, 397. 
Joseph, 22. 
Mr., 226. 
Nathan, 7, 56, 137, 163, 187, 222, 248, 

279, 322. 

Nathaniel, 98, 115, 123, 226. 
Samuel, 280, 322. 
Thomas, 8, 56, 103, 138, 163, 173, 186, 

223, 248. 
Greenleaf (Greenleaff, Greanleaff), 

Daniel, 7, 247. 

Joseph, 44, 47, 49, 51, 88,95, 140. 
Mr., 226. 
Thomas, 221 . 
Greenough, Samuel, 221. 
Thomas, 53. 

Greenought, Thomas, 2. 
Greenwood, Samuel, 346. 
Grenville, Lord, 407. 
Gridldey, Richard, 145. 
Gridley, Richard, 282. 
Gun-house, 398. 

Hall, Andrew, 139. 
Benjamin, 113. 
Joseph, 19. 

Nathaniel, 180, 374, 378, 381, 424. 
Stephen, 31. 

Hambleton, George, 103. 
Hamlin, George, 4, 7, 55, 137, 163, 187, 222, 

248. 
Hammet (Hammeatt), Benjamin, 168, 

419. 

Mr., 173. 
Hancock, Ebenezer, 43, 119, 142, 162, 190, 

287, 357. 

John, 15, 59, 63, 69, 76, 85, 112, 
134, 145, 154, 159, 169, 
179, 194, 227, 255, 286, 
326, 344, 397. 
funeral of, 344. 
Mr., 135, 141, 143. 

Harris, Gyles (Giles), 8, 36, 58, 101, 136, 
164,188, 220, 247, 278, 285, 287, 
323, 329, 351, 385, 421. 
Mr., 178. 

Samuel, 103, 163, 190, 222. 
Hatch, Jabez, 4, 32, 54, 100, 134, 161, 186, 
200, 217, 218, 237, 243, 245, 246, 276, 314, 
318,320,350,385,419. 
Hawkes, Elkanah, 244, 286. 
Hay, 33, 36, 37, 50, 214. 
engine, 2 4, 295. 
for bulls, 30. 
market, 37, 70. 
scales for weighing, 37. 
weigher, salary of, 22, 298, 299. 
Hayden, Caleb, 60, 103, 140, 163, 190,222. 

Joseph, 7. 
Hayward, Abraham, 102, 190, 221, 253, 280, 

323, 354, 388. 

Haywards, choice of, 7, 55, 103, 104, 109, 
137, 163, 187, 191, 192, 222, 248, 279, 322, 
353, 387, 423. 
Healey, Samuel, 103. 
Heath, William, 15, 64, 112, 145, 170, 195, 

227, 255,286, 310, 311, 316, 326, 357. 
Hemp, 409. 

surveyors of, choice of, 7, 55, 108, 
137, 164, 190, 221, 248, 279, 322, 
353, 387, 422. 

Henchman, Nathaniel, 11, 55, 253. 
Henderson, Benjamin, 56, 88, 89, 110, 111, 
117, 122, 135, 149, 165, 172, 
173, 187, 220, 249, 258, 279, 
292, 329, 352, 360, 388, 421, 
426, 434. 
Mr., 154. 
Henshaw, Joshua, 60, 75, 98, 115, 123, 141, 

145, 244, 257, 263, 264. 
Samuel, 46. 
Hewes (Hews), Mr., 226. 

Robert, 222. 
Samuel,328, 392, 393. 



Hewes (Hews), Seba, 426. 

Shubael, 8, 98, 139, 162, 
189, 220, 249, 283, 3'i3, 
352, 386, 420. 
Hicks, Samuel, 102. 

Zachariah, 8, 247. 
Hierly, John Turner, 11. 
Higgeson, Stephen, 23. 
Higginson (Higgenson), Stephen, 1, 2, 5, 
15, 25, 29, 42, 52, 53, 59, 62, 64, 91, 100, 
103, 125, 145, 170, 192, 206, 207, 210, 215, 
234, 240, 255, 261, 265, 273, 287, 293, 310, 
311, 316, 326, 357, 428, 430. 
Highways, surveyors of, choice of, 8, 66, 
103, 142, 163, 186, 221, 248, 279, 322, 352, 
386, 422. 

Hildreth, Zachariah, 345. 
Hill, Alexander, 19, 61, 90, 138, 139, 140, 

148,205,261,305. 
Henry, 142, 161, 185, 199, 217, 235, 245, 

277, 319, 328, 350, 384, 393, 418. 
Mr., 67, 141, 242, 265. 
Nathaniel, 56. 
Hinckley, John, 112, 123. 
Hingham, 26, 357. 

Hitchborn (Hitchborne, Hitchbourn, 
Hitchburn), Benjamin, 16, 25, 43, 44, 45, 

52, 59, 69, 73, 76, 92, 112. 
Phillip, 355, 389, 423. 
Robert, 60. 
Thomas, 19, 306, 351, 385, 

421. 

Hodge, Robert, 203. 
Hodgdon, Alexander, 135, 139. 
Hogreeves, choice of, 7, 55, 103, 137, 163, 
187, 222, 231, 248, 279, 322, 328, 353, 3S7, 
423. 
Holbrook, Jlrah, 290, 321, 322, 351, 354, 355, 

387, 422, 425. 
John, 281. 
Mr., 179. 

Holland, Jacob, 187, 222, 248. 
Hollis, David, 279, 322, 353, 422. 
Holliston, 38. 
Hollock, Lemuel, 64. 
Holly, David, 387. 
Holten Samuel, 811, 316, 327. 
Homans, Benjamin, 98, 139, 162, 189, 220, 

249, 283, 322, 323, 352, 386. 
Homer, Michael, 287. 
Homes, William, 306. 
Hopkinton, 38. 
Horsefall, Richard, 353, 387. 
Horskins, William, 5. 
Hospital, 304. 

at New Boston, 181. 
Rainsford Island, 223. 
West Boston, 150, 309, 318. 
for practise of inoculation, 181. 
grant of land for new, 389. 
supplies for, 31. 
Houghton, Jesse, 397, 426. 
Housefall, Richard, 423. 
House of Representatives, 38, 49, 269, 313. 
Housewrights, 401. 
Hovey, Amos, 112. 
How (Howe), Edward, 7, 55, 108, 370. 

Samuel, 390. 

Howard, Abraham, 11, 58, 140, 162. 
Joseph, 168. 
Mr., 68, 180. 
Rev. Dr., 228. 
Samuel, 305. 
Simeon, 206. 
Hubbard, Daniel, 186, 
Hubbart, Tuttle, 6, 53. 
Hudson, Hezekiah, 280, 325, 389. 
Hughes, James, 226, 266. 
Hunt, Mr., 79, 209, 231. 

Samuel, 20, 21, 83, 105, 152, 174, 192, 

198. 

Samuel W., 101. 
Hurley, John T., 55. 
Hutchinson, Shrimpton, 99. 



INDEX. 



449 



Hutson, Hezekiah, 355, 423. 

Illumination of town, 1. 

Incendiaries, reward for discovery of, 
122. 

Inches, Mrs., 178. 

Incorporation of the town, 25, 89, 91, 9-2, 
93, 417. . 

Indemnification, 407, 408. 

Independence Day, celebration of the 
anniversary of, 43, 44, 86, 119, 155, 177, 
204, 2o6, 262,301, 339,365,405. 

India, 408. 

Informer of deer. (See Deer.) 

Ingersol, Daniel, 253, 280, 324. 

Inhabitants, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 17, 
20, 24, 27, 33, 34, 36, 3&, 39, 42, 
43, 48, 50, 51, 53, 54, 55, 58, 
66, 69, 70, 76, 77, 78, 80, 82, 
85, 89, 91, 95, 96, 97, 98, 101, 
102, 107, 108, 109, 113, 121, 
126, 132, 133, 134, 135, 139, 
143, 144, 146, 147, 153, 154, 
156, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 

165, 167, 171, 176, 182, 183, 
184, 185, 188, 189, 190, 196, 
198, 199, 200, 201, 203, 205, 
208, 210, 211, 212, 213, 216, 
217, 218, 219, 220, 224, 225, 
228, 229, 231, 233, 234, 237, 
239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 244, 
245, 247, 249, 250, 251, 252, 
253, 256, 260, 267, 270, 271, 
272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 277, 
.278, 283, 288, 289, 290, 291, 

293, 294, 297, 298, 299, 300, 
302, 303, 304, 3i'8, 309, 313, 
314, 315, 316, 317, 319, 321, 
324, 327, 328, 330, 333, 338, 
340, 341, 343, 344, 347, 348, 
349, 350, 358, 361, 362, 363, 
364, 366, 367, 3o8, 372, 384, 
385, 394, 397, 398, 399, 400, 
403, 406, 407, 409, 412, 413, 
414, 418, 419, 421, 429, 435. 
petition of, 1, 25, 35, 59, 60, 
61, 65, 74, 79, 87, 100, 125, 

166, 181, 214, 223, 261, 26U, 
281,318,352,431. 

tax on, 33. 

to put law into execution, 

299. 
Inoculation, 181, 223, 282, 284, 303, 305, 307, 

309. 

repeal of law against, 304. 
sum allowed for, 304. 
Instruction for female children, 17. 
Island, Rainsford, 188, 223, 282, 284, 309, 

360. 
Ivers, treasurer, 35, 72. 

Jackson, Henry, 59, 245, 277, 312, 314, 320, 

350, 385, 410, 411, 412, 419, 430. 
Jonathan, 112, 125, 146. 
Jarvis, Benjamin, 110. 

Charles, 25, 64, 74, 83, '90, 91, 125, 
148, 157, 159, 171, 1H5, 196, 201, 207, 
218, 22!, 238, 240, 255, 256, 260,261, 
265, 267, 272, 282, 286, 289, 294, 303, 
310, 311, 312, 317, 326, 330, 332, 333, 
347, 354, 357, 358, 374, 383, 393, 395, 
406, 428, 430. 
Dr., 395, 407, 411, 429. 
Leonard, 113, 114, 141, 314, 348. 
Mr., 36, 
Nathaniel, 109. 
Philip, 201. 
Samuel, 374. 
William, 324. 
Jay, John, 407, 410. 
Jeffries, David, 5, 53, 88, 92, 93, 95, 97, 138, 

141, 149, 172, 173, 197. 258. 
Jenkins, John, 4, 8, 56. 
Jennings, William, 387, 423. 



Jepson, Benjamin, 304, 305, 308, 329, 352, 

360, 388, 421, 426, 434. 
Samuel, 173, 401. 
Johnson, Benjamin, 420, 425. 

Seth, 227. 
Jones, Daniel, 290, 291. 

Edward, 191, 279, 322, 353, 387, 423. 
John Coffin, 4, 5, 64, 75, 80, 112, 114, 
146, 148, 159, 171, 211, 219, 229, 237, 
246, 256, 281, 287, 289, 303, 310, 311, 
312, 317, 320, 326, 330, 347, 351, 35.% 
357, 362, 364, 374, 383, 393, 428, 430. 
Samuel, 422. 

Jurors, 26, 27, 38, 39, 239, 270. 
allowance to, 381. 
award damages for land taken, 

375, 378. 

list of, 26, 241, 341. 
manner of choosing, 241, 341. 
petit, 241, 341. 
Justices, 95, 109, 225. 
fines, 117. 
of the peace, 95, 193, 226, 296, 297, 

374, 375, 378. 
salary of, 381. 

Kenedy, John, 425. 
Kennebeck, 97. 
Kettle, Joseph, 306. 
Keyer, John, 353. 
Kingsbury, Benjamin, 223. 
Kirkland, Rev. Mr. ,417. 
Kneeland, Bartholomew, 8, 19. 

John, 255, 282, 287, 306, 328. 

Mr., 179. 

Laha, Samuel, 188, 223. 

Lambert, John, 62. 

Lamps, expense of lighting, 32, 33, 35, 70, 

150, 267, 288, 359, 402, 434. 
lamplighters, allowance to, 107, 

150. 
lighting of, to be discontinued, 

147, 331. 

measures for lighting, 266. 
presented by Wm. Foster, 45. 
to be lighted, 288. 
Lampson, John, 55. 

Land given town near Dock Square, 76. 
by the late Town Treas- 
urer, 97. 
Mr. Tisdale and 

Wendell, 87. 

grant of, for hospital, 389. 
owners: 

Bangs, Samuel, 377. 
Blancljard, George, 376. 
Brewer, Thomas, 376. 
Clouston, Lois, 377, 
Davis, Thomas, 375. 
Dawes, Thomas, 376, 377. 
Dillaway, Samuel, 317. 
Gees, widdoWj 225. 
Gray, John, heirs of, 376. 
Newman, Henry, 225. 
Richardson, Jeffrey, 375. 
Savage, Samuel P. ,"377. 
Tate, James, 377. 
purchased for almshouse, 398, 399, 

400. 

State House, 397. 
town's petition to build on, 215. 

sale of, 432. 

Landman, Deacon, 180. 
Lanes, Alden, 180. 
Allen, 178. 
Barrack, 179. 
Belcher, 179. 
Cold, 180. 

Cow, 179, 355, 374, 375, 376, 377. 
Davis, 179. 
Fitch, 179. 
Frog, 178. 
Gray, 179. 



450 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



Lanes, Gridley, 179. 
Kneeland, 179. 
Longe. 179. 
Lyndall, 179. 
Mackrel, 179. 
Pitts, 180. 
Pudding, 179. 
Ridgway, 180. 
Round, 179. 
Sheaf, 179. 
Southack, 179. 
Tanner, 179. 
Tilley, 178. 
Langdon, Mr., 425. 

Langford, Arthur, 103, 140, 190, 222, 253. 
Langley, George, 8. 
Larkin, Ebenezer, 386. 
Lathrop, John, 387, 420. 
Laughton, Joseph, 168. 
Laws against monopoly and forestalling, 

266, 267. 
code of, 96. 
excise, 274, 333, 336. 
preventing persons obtruding 

themselves on any town, 299. 
prohibiting theatrical entertain- 
ments, 312, 313. 

relative to building with wood, 372. 
cord wood, 299. 
dogs, 82, 83, 
strangers, 96. 

respecting cows and bulls, re- 
pealed, 194. 
revision of, 372. 
suits, 39. 

to be read at town meeting, 2, 24, 52, 
68, 96, 113, 133, 148, 160, 171, 184, 
196, 216, 228, 243, 256, 276, 289, 319, 
330, 349, 358, 383, 394, 418, 429, 
to punish destruction of town prop- 
erty, 325. 

Leather, sealers of, choice of, 7, 56, 102, 
137, 163, 187, 222, 248, 279, 322, 353, 387, 
422. 

Legislature, the, 28, 40, 50, 78, 129, 130, 297, 
298, 299, 300, 313, 314, 315, 317, 363, 372, 
408, 412. 
Letter, circular, 367. 

about dividing County 

of Suffolk, 23. 
from committee, town of 

Milton, 23. 

printed and sent to sev- 
eral towns, 125, 126, 127, 
128, 129, 130, 131, 132. 
to selectmen, 125. 
commutation, 13, 14. 
from Andrews, John, 223. 

Bowdpin, James, 275, 295. 
committee, town of Wren- 

tham and Medway, 3. 
answer, 12, 13, 14. 
Davis, Caleb, 25. 
Dawes, Thomas, 196. 
Foster, William, 45. 
Franklin's executors, 233. 
Gore, Christopher, 214. 
Hancock, Gov., 154. 
Russell, Thomas, 196. 
Thompson, William, 216. 
Tyler, Edward, 223. 
Wendell, Oliver, 199. 
Winthrop, John, 231. 

Mr., 328. 

of resignation, 200. 
to Crane, Thomas, 24. 

Franklin's executors, 234, 235, 

238. 

President, 410. 
Lewis, Amos, 420. 

David, 283, 323, 352, 386. 
Lillie, Joseph, 326. 

Lincoln, Benjamin, 15,16, 62, 63,64,112, 
145, 169, 170, 194, 195, 227, 326. 



Lincoln, County of, 97. 

Levi, 311. 
List of jurors, 26, 241, 341. 

salaries published, 200. 
Little, William, 250, 273,276, 314, 319, 320, 
331, 348, 349, 350, 354, 383, 384, 385, 389, 
390, 395, 396, 406, 418, 419, 430. 
Lord's Day, 41, 57, 108, 247, 278, 297, 321, 

350, 385, 421. 
constables to walk streets 

on, 107, 147, 191. 
Loring, John F., 422. 

Jonathan, 390, 401. 

Joseph, 60, 142, 163, 190, 222, 253, 

280, 325, 354, 388, 423. 
Mathew, 322, 353, 387, 422. . 
Lothrop, John, 111, 211, 216, 218, 246, 281, 

303, 320, 324, 348, 351, 424. 
Lotteries, 214. 
Level (Lovell), James, 139. 

John, 110, 161. 
Solomon, 287. 

Low, Widow, 376, 379, 381, 426. 
Lowder, William, 8, 36, 58, 101, 136, 164, 

188, 220, 247, 278, 323, 329 
Lowell, John, 4, 11, 12, 15, 43, 45, 52, 54, 59, 

63, 100, 112, 134, 145, 190, 195, 218, 382. 
Lucas, John, 2, 8, 25, 56, 59, 61, 64, 74, 79, 
80, 90, 92, 112, 132, 210, 223, 224, 238, 245, 
248, 273, 279, 306, 312, 314, 322, 353. 
Lumber, 31, 32, 51, 70. 
Lyman, Theodore, 334, 335, 430. 
Lynn street, application of abutters on, 

341. 
to be widened, 90. 



Machine-wind, 369. 

Mackay, Mungo, 6, 132, 210, 284, 320, 350, 

385, 419. 
William, 2, 53. 

Magistrates, 28, 39, 40, 210, 226. 
Magnor, John, 428, 430. 
Maine, 310. 

Makepeace, George, 192, 202, 426, 431, 433. 
Mall, 400. 

enlarged, 396. 
Manufacturers, 77. 
Market, 9, 10, 41, 45, 49, 50, 65, 74, 150, 250, 

295, 'J99, 356, 362, 363. 
cellar under, 396. 
clerks of the, choice of, 4, 7, 54, 55, 
101, 104, 107, 135, 139, 162, 
165, 168, 172,186,191, 192, 201, 
219, 221, 245, 247, 250, 278, 284, 
295, 324, 328, 353, 386, 422. 
duties of, 10, 45, 49, 224, 225, 

299. 

give bond, 219, 224. 
memorial of, 45. 
office for, 10. 

salary of, 31, 32, 41,101,219, 
, 299. 
contract for hiring stalls In, 250, 

251. 
abatement on contract, 

291. 

fish, 121,361. 

forestalling the, 251, 266, 299, 362. 
hay, 37, 70, 232, 398. 
horses and cattle, 10. 
Income from, 198, 291. 
lemon-sellers, 10, 46. 
panyards, 10. 
regulations of, 9, 10, 46, 49, 61, 93, 

250,251,363. 

by-laws for regulation, 47. 
rent of, 30, 72, 172. 
stalls and stands in, 10, 33, 45, 46, 

49, 250, 291, 299, 362. 
vegetables sold in, 251. 
weights and measures in, 251, 266, 

299. 
Square, 87, 225, 291, 362, 363. 



INDEX. 



451 



Market Square, erecting stalls in, 265, 266, 

292. 

fire in building on, 121. 
Marshall, William, 178. 
Marston, David, 190, 222, 254. 
John, 65. 
William, 60, 222. 
Marys, John, 36. 
Mason, Deacon, 396. 

Jonathan, 3, 53, 61, 102, 114, 134, 
139, 144, 160, 161, 166, 167, 170, 171, 
185, 188, 192, 195, 196, 211,216, 217, 
218, 219, 227, 22'.), 237, 238, 240, 244, 
245, 246, 255, 256, 260, 273,277, 281, 
282, 284, 287, 288, 289, 294,319, 326, 
330, 50, 357, 384, 385, 386, 393, 395, 
428, 430, 431, 432. 
Mr., 293. 

Stephen Thompson, 407, 410. 
Masons, 31. 

Massachusetts, 16, 24, 38, 64, 68, 69, 113, 
148, 171, 196, 228, 241, 242, 
256, 269, 289, 292, 311, 316, 
330, 358, 394, 429. 
Bay, 374. 

people of, formed 
solemn compact, 
127. 

Master, Manasseh, 103. 
Maston, Manassah, 60, 140, 166, 190, 222. 
May (Mays), Aaron, 22, 36, 37. 
E., 31. 
Enoch, 232, 283, 323, 352, 

386, 420. 

Ephraim, 148, 414. 
John, 59, 78, 101, 134, 162, 

186, 188, 202. 

Joseph, 164, 168, 192, 287, 
290,291,320,350,351,353, 
385, 419, 431. 

Moses, 8, 36, 58, 101, 136, 
166, 190, 221, 279, 321, 574, 
378, 381. 

Samuel, 19, 61, 70. 
Mayo, Simeon, 110. 
Thomas, 426. 
McElroy, John, 60, 103. 
McFarland, John, 261. 
McLane, John, 104, 139, 189, 220. 
McNeal (McNlel, McNeil), Archibald, 318, 

370. 

Mr., 36, 375. 
William, 7, 55, 
108, 137, 164, 
190, 221, 248, 
279, 322, 353, 
370. 

Medfleld, 38. 
Medway, 3, 12, 13, 14, 38. 
Meeting, county^ 3, 13. 

of merchants and traders, 68. 
Meeting-houses, old brick, 262, 301, 339. 

365. 

old South, 43, 177, 236, 
302, 339, 348, 405, 428, 
429. 
stone chapel, 85, 86, 119, 

155, 204, 412. 

Melville(Mclvil, Melvillee), Thomas, 4, 11, 
12, 64, 100, 
134,161,186, 
218,245,277, 
320, 350, 385, 
419. 

Memorial In Congress, 429. 
of school-masters, 362. 
Memorialists, 38, 39, 40. 
Merchants, 89. 

meeting, 340. 
resolutions of, 68. 
Merlam, John, 426. 
Metcalf, John, 145, 170. 

Stephen, 64, 112, 145, 170, 195, 227, 
255, 886, 326. 



Middlesex, county of, 23, 26, 38, 310. 

district of, 316, 327. 
Militia, 373. 

mode of drawing men from, 373. 
wages of, 373. 
Mill bridge, 360, 361. 

pond, 312. 

Miller, Charles, 9, 22, 37, 171, 353, 422. 
Mr., 87. 
Stephen, 115. 

Mills, North Chocolate, 74, 79. 
Milton, 23, 26. 
Minot, George B., 211. 

George R., 219, 229, 246, 281, 282, 
290, 320, 351, 368, 388, 399, 400, 410, 
411, 420. 
James, 7. 
Judge, 413, 415. 

Moderator, choice of, 1, 2, 11, 12, 23, 25, 37, 
43, 44, 49, 61, 53, 64, 68, 70, 80, 85, 86, 89, 
95, 96, 114, 115, 117, 119, 120, 124, 132, 133, 
144, 148, 155, 157, 159, 160,171,177,181, 
182, 184, 189, 196, 204, 205,214,216,229, 
233, 235, 237, 242, 243, 257,2(52,263, 264, 
265, 272, 276, 289, 301, 302, 304, 312, 318, 
319, 328, 331, 334, 339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 
347, 349, 359, 363, 365, 366, 367, 368, 373, 

382, 383, 390, 405, 406, 410,411,414,416, 
417, 418, 428, 430, 431, 432. 

Monies, 4, 5, 10, 11, 13, 22, 50, 65, 77, 83, 89, 
97, 117, 121, 136, 138, 141, 151, 154, 
165, 187. 191, 193, 220, 230, 231, 
247, 249, 259, 260, 267, 278, 279, 
298, 299, 824, 332, 335, 338, 344, 
345, 346, 362, 364, 367, 389, 396, 
400, 404, 408, 416, 420, 421, 433, 
advanced by Alex. Hill, 61. 
appropriation of, 33, 34, 35. 
borrowed from banks, 397, 399. 
due Jeffries, David, 88, 93, 149. 
May, Aaron, 37. 
from Coll. of taxes, 34, 61, 

71, 72, 73. 

State treasurer, 34, 71. 
flre, 18. 
for fire-arms, 72. 

payment of bounties, 373. 
reward, for discovery of In- 
cendiary, 122. 
stands in market, 49. 
support of poor, 22, 34, 70, 

132, 230, 275, 403. 
interest on, to overseers of poor, 

9, 57, 103, 1H8, 141, 177. 
new emission, 22, 30. 
of town treasurer, 30, 70, 149, 172, 
173, 197, 233, 258, 292, 337, 35U, 
360,401,433. 
old continental, 149. 

paper, 71, 173, 197, 258. 
paid for damages for land taken, 

345, 346, 381. 
received of bondsmen, 124. 

by treasurer, 34. 

to raise, 32, 34, 67, 83, 122, 154, 233, 

259, 260, 261, 278, 293, 321, 337, 

338, 361, 366, 397, 402, 403, 416, 

435. 

to raise for the poor, 132, 177, 89?, 

400. 

Monopoly, 77, 266. 
Montague, Rev. Mr., 184. 
Morrel, James, 247. 

William, 192. 
Morse, Eliakim, 386, 397. 
Morton, Perez, 25, 74, 92, 157, 247, 266, 268, 
294, 306, 312, 314, 317, 347, 359, 362, 369, 

383, 401, 406, 430. 

Natick, 38. 

Nazro, Mathew, 31, 54, 70, 101, 135, 150, 162, 

173, 176, 186, 219, 258, 292. 
Xeat, John, 7, 55. 
Neck, the. (See Boston Neck.) 



452 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



Needham, 38. 
Negroes, 156. 
New Boston, 181. 
Newell, Timothy, 3, 5, 19, 116, 180. 
Newman Henry, 122, 124, 221, 225. 
Newspapers, 11, 44, 86, 120, 155, 177, 181, 
204, 208, 236, 263, 275, 298, 
301,339,366,390, 405. 
Boston Gazette, 391. 
Centinel, 250, 391, 340. 
North Battery, sale of land on, 74, 144. 
wreck near, 202. 
wharf, allowance for re- 
pairs, 62. 

North Chocolate Mills, 74, 79. 
End, 59. 
grammar school, 20, 21, 83, 84, 105, 

106, 153, 175, 201. 
Latin school, 215. 
mills, 352. 

reading school, 390. 
writing school, 20, 21, 83, 84, 106, 
152. 153, 174, 175, 198, 208, 2u9, 210. 
Notes, 30, 71, 149, 259, 260, 292. 

from Treasurer, 45, 57, 93, 118, 121, 
136, 165, 187, 220, 249, 279, 338, 352, 
389, 421. 

given by committee, 397. 
interest on, 30, 151, 198,426. 
old, 425. 

State Treasurers, 260. 
treasury, 260. 
Nottage, Josiah, 192. 
Noyes, Nathaniel, 35!. 
Nuttage, Josiah, 221. 
Nye, Joseph, 382. 
Nyles, Samueli, 15, 64, 112, 195. 

Oath of allegiance, 133, 135, 160, 161, 162, 

164, 185, 189, 217, 219. 
Office, 243, 245, 276, 277, 319, 321, 

349, 384, 418. 
Officers, army, 13. 

commutation to, 13, 14. 
Oliver, Andrew, 192, 255. 

Ebenezer, 431. 
Oliver's dock, 100, 142, 143. 
Oration, on anniversary of Indepen- 
dence, 43, 44, 85, 86, 119, 155, 
177, 204, 236, 262, 301, 339, 365, 
405. 

choice of orator, 43, 85, 119, 155, 
177, 204, 236, 262, 301, 339, 365, 
405. 

copy of, to be furnished the 

Press, 44, 86, 120, 155, 177,' 204, 

236, 263, 301,366,405. 

to be delivered at Old brick 

church, 

262, 301, 

339, 365. 

Old South 

church, 

43, 177, 

236, 302, 

339, 348, 

405, 428, 

429. 

Stone 
chapel, 
85, 86, 
119, 155, 
204,412. 

Orne, Azor, 227, 255, 311, 326, 357. 
Otis, Allen, 69. 

Harrison Gray, 177, 290, 303, 314, 318, 

326, 383, 396, 430. 
Mr., 177. 
Samuel A., 24, 36, 64, 76, 112, 114, 148, 

157, 158, 1*3. 

Overseers of the Poor. (See Poor.) 
Owen, John, 60, 103, 140, 166, 190, 222. 

Packer, Dr., 180. 



Page, Benjamin, 11, 68, 102, 140, 162, 190, 

221, 253, 280, 323, 354, 388, 422. 
John, 305. 

Palmer, General, 146. 
Joseph, 144. 

Pamphlet, containing prescriptions, 328. 
printed at Philadelphia, 407. 
relative to the police, 273. 
Panyards, 10. 
Parker, Benjamin, 425. 

Daniel, 9, 32, 58, 71, 73, 108, 117, 

149, 172,173. 
Jedediah, 8. 
John, 132, 168, 277. 
Margaret, 99, 108. 
Mr., 31, 151, 169, 202. 
Parkett, Henry, 280. 
Parkman, Elias, 112, 123, 1S4. 
Major, 19. 
Mr., 391. 

Samuel, 53, 102, 134, 144, 161, 
165, 185, 186, 217, 245, 277, 319, 
320, 350, 384, 385. 419, 430. 
William, 163, 190, 222, 253,280, 

325, 355, 389, 423. 
Parks, Henry, 103. 
Parsons, Ebenezer, 4, 430. 
Theophilus, 311. 
William, 22, 57, 61, 99, 103, 138, 

430. 

Partridge, Elizabeth, 425. 
Joshua, 12. 
Mr., 173, 

Samuel, 3, 54, 258, 292. 
Patten, William, 4, 55, 98. 
Pavers, 31. 

Paving. (See Streets.) 
Payne (Paine) , Edward, 3, 9, 25, 32, 35, 57, 
61, 64, 73, 88, 100, 103, 110, 
125, 134,137,138. 
Judge, 272. 
Robert, 311. 
Robert Treat, 25, 45, 49, 

51,88. 
Samuel, 19. 
T., 94. 

William, 324. 
Payson, Samuel, 106. 
Pease, Timothy. Jr., 222. 
Peck, John, 353. 
Peirce, Joseph, 243, 249, 353. 
Mr., 394, 401, 426, 433. 
Penalties or fines, 117, 172, 197. 
Perkins, James, 139, 162, 189, 220, 249, 290, 

323, 324, 352, 386. 
Thomas, 101, 425. 
Thomas H., 277. 
Petition for alterations in Act relating to 

citizenship, 206. 
bulls on the common, 60. 
calling meeting, 51. 
lottery, 214. 

more efficient police, 272, 274. 
new street, 290. 
paving streets, 171, 176, 281. 
road from West Boston to 

North End, 59. 
selling part of common, 413^ 
watch in State Street, 60. 

granted, 60. 
of Abbot, Samuel, 188. 
assessors, 203, 413, 414. 
Ballard, John, 74. 

Mr., 41, 45, 61, 65. 
Beals, Thomas, 116. 
Carter, Mr., 2M, 284, 290. 
Clouston, Lois, 431, 433. 
Cobbit, Nathaniel, 74. 
collectors of taxes, 423, 433. 
constables, 148, 149, 159. 
Cookson, Samuel, 224. 
Cunningham, Joseph, 164. 

Mary, 164. 
Darracott, William, 390, 401. 



INDEX. 



453 



Petition of Davis, Samuel, 197. 
William, 136. 
Daw, Samuel. 200. 
directors of W. Boston bridge, 

318 

Eames, Luther, 382. 
Edes, Peter, 8. 
eleven towns, 38. 
Fire Insurance Co., 67, 75, 78. 
Fuller, Moses, 2<>5. 266,268, 269. 
Gray. Katharine, 42. 

A/r.,46. 

Hancock, Gov., 59, 141, 154. 
Harris, Giles, 287. 
Hill, Alexander, 61, 67, 261, 

265. 

Hinkley, John, 123. 
Holbrook, Jirah, 290, 321, 331, 

355. 

John, 281, 283. 
Jackson, Henry, 410, 412. 
Jarvis, Mr., 36. 
Jones, Daniel, 290, 291. 
Kingsbury, Benjamin, 223. 
Laha, Capt., 223. 
Lambert, John, 62. 
Loring, Jonathan, 390, 401. 
Makepeace, George, 192, 202. 
Mary, John, 36. 
Mason, Mr., 288, 293, 294. 
May, Aron, 22, 36. 

John, 188, 202. 
McNeil, Mr., 3'6. 
number of blackmen, 168. 

inhabitants, 1, 25, 
35, 59, 60, 61, 65, 
74, 79, 87, 100, 125, 
166, 181, 214, 223, 
261, 269, 281, 318, 
352, 431. 

Palmer, Joseph, 144, 146. 
Parker, Margaret, 99, 108. 
Pierpont, Robert, 417. 
proprietors of land on neck, 

100. 

Richardson, Jeffery, 318. 
Russel, Thomas, 51. 
Salter, Richard, 139. 
Sargent, Col., 202. 
school-masters, 362. 
selectmen, 60, 389. 
Sergeant, Paul, 192. 
several sextons, 116. 
Sigoney, Elisha, 123. 
Sigourney, Daniel, 41. 
Sumner, Benjamin, 87. 
Sweetser, John, 281, 284. 
Tate, James, 431,433. 
thirteen towns, 49. 

answer to, 50, 

51. 
Thomas, Alexander, 90, 92, 99, 

108, 1-J3. 
Thompson, James, 362, 364, 

365. 

Thwi'ng, James, 424, 433. 
Tileston, Mr., 138. 
Torrey, Jonaah, 109. 

Josiah, 99. 
Vinal, master, 122. 
Whipple, Joseph, 188, 223, 282, 

284. 

relative to hackney coaches, 247. 
Hog Alley, 231, 232. 
money due heirs of 
David Jeffries, 138. 
Oliver's dock, 100. 
pulling down Town's 

Shop, 331. 
Sea Street, 99. 
ten-foot passageway, 

424, 425, 433. 

to build bridge over Charles 
river, 61, 



Petition to build cellar under market, 

3!. 
divide County of Suffolk, 23, 

29, 38. 

against dividing County of 
Suffolk, 38, 39, 40, 260.270. 
271, 272. 

form new County, 26, 29. 
General Court, 51, 52, 80, 203, 

230, 265. 
House of Representatives, 

429. 

incorporate town, 89, 91, 93. 
prevent inroads of the sea on 

Neck, 59. 

repeal theatre act, 312, 314. 
widen street, 87. 

Philadelphia, 342, 343, 3OJ, 361, 407. 
Phillips, Dr., 178. 

Isaac, 4, 46, 54, 0;;. 
John, 365, 366. 

Samuel, 255, 286, 311, 357, 392. 
William, 3, 15, 24. 53, 64, 102, 112, 
134, 140, 145, 157, 158, 159, 161, 
169, 170, 185, 194, 217, 227, 245, 
255, 277, 286, 319, 326, 334, 335, 
350, 384, 396, 418. 
Physicians, 31, 303, 304, 308, 412. 
Pico, Joshua, 60, 103, 140, 163, 190, 222. 
Pierce, Ezekiel, 123. 

Isaac, 8. 

Piercies, Mr., 180. 
Pierpont, Hannah, 417. 

Robert, 396, 417. 
Pitts, John, 15, 179. 
Police, 25, 240, 266, 360, 361, 362. 
duty of, 297, 298, 364. 
inspectors of, 296, 297, 299, 364. 
method of choosing, 297, 298. 
petition for more efficient, 272, 274. 
salary of, 298, 364, 365. 
to give bonds, 298. 
Poor, better accommodations for, 392, 

3!)5, 398. 
expense of, at Rainsford Island, 

30. 

fire-wood for, 275. 
inoculation of, 304. 
State, 252, 260. 
suitable buildings for, 294. 
support of, 22, 31, 32, 70, 132, 177, 

230, 275, 403. 
Poor, overseers of the, 2, 3, 5, 6, 9, 12, 18, 

31, 41, 54, 57, 97, 
98, 103, 135, 138, 
140, 141, 153, 154, 
177,230, 274,303, 
304, 305, 307, 308, 
B-A, 356, 386, 403, 
419, 424. 

accounts of, to 
audit, 9, 30, 31, 

32, 57, 103, 138, 
147, 164, 191, 223, 
233, 247, 257, 278, 
291, 321, 352, 359, 
387, 420. 

allowed Interest 
on money ad- 
vanced for use 
of the poor, 9, 
67, 103, 138, 141, 
177. 

choice of, 3, 6, 53, 
102, 134, 142, 147, 
160, 161, 185, 217, 
232, 245, 277, 319, 
350, 384, 391, 418, 
425. 

drafts of, 30, 32, 33, 
34, 70, 71, 149, 
151, 172, 173, 197, 
257, 258, 337, 361, 
402,435. 



454 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



Powder, 32, 173, 258, 292, 337, 401, 426, 433. 

storage of, 150, 360. 
Powell, Jeremiah, 15. 

William, 8, 53, 64, 87, 102, 134, 314. 
Pownal (Pownall), John, 20, 55. 
Premium, to first engine at a fire, 89. 
Prentice (Prentiss), Henry, 6, 10, 41, 53, 

87, 102, 134, 140, 168, 172, 215, 237. 
Prescott, Oliver, 311. 
President, address to the, 211, 212, 213. 
reply of, 213. 
visit of, 207. 

Price, Ezekiel, 2, 20, 23, 29, 44, 45, 48, 53, 90, 
9-2, 95, 96, 97, 104, 114, 115, 123, 133, 
135, 161, 185, 217, 226, 234, 243, 244, 
257, 260, 264, 265, 269, 276, 278, 284, 
291, 302, 319, 321, 337, 349, 374, 378, 
381, 384, 385, 404, 418, 425. 
James, 139. 
Prince, J., 172, 198. 

James, 188, 191, 192, 210, 245, 266, 

273, 285, 2SK), 323. 
Jol), 19,112, 180. 
Printers, 31, 70, 391. 
Printing, hand-bills, 275. 

letter to committee of towns of 

Wrentham and Medway, 14. 
notifications, 31. 
oration commemorative of the 
Anniversary of Independ- 
ence, 44, 86, 120, 155, 177, 204, 
236, 263, 301, 339, 366, 405. 
paid for, 70, 150, 360, 402, 434. 
pamphlet at Philadelphia, 407. 
relative to police, 273. 
resolves, relative to paupers, 

424. 
Privateers, false report of, published in 

Centinel, 340. 
Proctor (Procter), Col., 11, 12, 165, 189. 

Edward, 3, 47, 53, 64, 

59, 100, 102, 104, 134, 

161,185,186, 217, 218, 

244, 277, 319, 350, 374, 

378, 381, 384, 418, 425. 

John, 19. 

Proposals from Mr. Tisdale and Wendell 

to give land to widen street, 87. 
Propositions for instruction of both 

sexes, 205. 

reforming present 
system of educa- 
tion, 206, 208, 209, 
210. 
Provisions, high price of, 267, 413, 414, 

423. 

violations of laws relative to 
sale of, to punish, 266, 267. 
Publick Buildings, illumination of, 1. 

Prints, 11. 

Pullln (Pulling), Edward, 310. 
John, 8, 36, 58. 
Pump in Cornhill, 431. 
Purez, Mr., 433. 

Purket (Purkett), Henry, 142, 163, 222, 
253,325,355,389,423. 
Thomas, 190. 
Putnam, Jesse, 348, 391. 

Queen street. (See Streets). 
Quincy (Quincey), Josiah, 431. 

Mrs., 432. 

Samuel, 244. 

Rainsfords Island, 30, 188, 223, 282, 284, 

309, 360. 
Ranger, Edmund, 11, f>8, 102, 137, 140, 162, 

163, 190, 221, 257, 280, 324, 354, 388, 422. 
Real estate, selling of towns, 396, 397, 398, 

399, 400. 

Records, town, 115. 
Recruits for the army, 373. 
Reed (Read), John, 145, 195, 227, 255, 286, 
326, 346. 



Reed (Read), Sampson, 427. 

Regiment, Boston, 373. 

Register, County, choice of, 98, 114, 122, 

243, 257, 263, 264. 

of deeds, choice of, 114, 115, 123, 

244, 257, 263, 264, 419. 
Regulations of the market, 9, 10, 46, 49, 61. 

93, 250, 251, 363. 
Remonstrances against dividing County 

of Suffolk, 269, 270, 271, 272. 
Rents, 30, 32, 33, 34, 72, 172, 173, 197, 258, 

292, 360. 




93, 94, 95, 103, 104, 105, 107, 108, 109, 116, 
117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 124, 138, 139, 



204, 206, 207, 20S, 224, 229, 230, 231, 233, 

234, 235, 236, 238, 239, 240, 243, 250, 251, 

253, 257, 258, 259, 261, 262, 265, 266, 267, 

268, 273, 283, 284, 285, 288, 290, 291, 293, 

295,296,297,303,304, 307, 308, 313, 314, 

317, 324, 329, 332, 334, 336, 337, 339, 342, 

344, 348, 355, 356, 359, 362, 367, 368, 371, 

381, 382, 397, 398, 401, 402, 404, 407, 412, 

414, 415, 416. 425, 431,433. 

Representatives, 25, 68, 118, 123, 129, 130, 

141, 184, 196, 199, 215, 

216, 266, 267, 293, 294, 

314, 316, 325, 333, 358, 

372, 373, 417. 

choice of, 24, 25, 69, 113, 
114, 148, 156, 159, 160, 
171, 181, 182, 195, 196, 
199, 200, 201, 214, 228, 
229, 231, 242, 256, 289, 
300, 327, 330, 358, 395, 
429, 430. 

house of, 38, 49, 269, 313. 
instructions to, 52, 76, 77, 

78, 115, 149. 

Requisitions in form of law, 203. 
Resolutions for relief of sufferers of fire, 

366. 

repeal of law against the- 
atrical entertainments, 
314, 315. 

of merchants, 68. 
on payment of town's debt, 

2.59,260. 

Resolve relative to paupers, 424. 
Revenue, 77, 216. 
Revere, Paul, 210. 273, 314. 
Reward for discovery of incendiary, 122. 
persons de- 
stroying public 
property, 324, 
325. 
Rhodes (Rhoades), Jacob, 4, 54, 101, 134, 

161, 186, 218, 245, 250, 305. 
Rice, Thomas, 387, 422. 
Richardson, Jeffery, 220, 248, 279, 318, 322, 
353, 370, 37.5, 379, 3H1, 387, 422. 
John, 194, 195. 
Mr., 401. 
William, 353. 
Ridge Hill, 369, 370. 
Ridgway, James, 137, 163. 
Joseph, 432, 433. 
Robbins (Robins), Edward H., 286, 393, 

427. 
James, 253, 280, 324, 

354, 388, 422. 
Rogers, James, 11, 58, 102, 140, 162, 190, 

221, 253, 280, 323. 
John Goreham, 55. 
Thomas, 7, 247. 
William, 56. 

Rope-walks, 179, 180, 318, 36*, 372, 375, 389, 
401,403,414,416. 



INDEX. 



455 



Rope-walks, consumed by flre, 366. 

erection of new, 369, 3,0, 3. 1. 

grants of, 370. 
Rotterdam, 328. 
Rowe, John, 15, 24, 81. 
Mr., 72. 

Roxb 8 ury?2M7, 50, 66, 143, 150, 416, 417. 

Line, 180. 
Ruddock, Abiel, 8. 

John, 72, 81. 



257; 263; 264; 278; 323; 329; 351, 374, 378, 

381, 385. 421. ' 

Rumley, Edward, 392, 423. 
Kummerel (Rumrill), Abner 220,249. 
Russell (Russel), Benjamin, 210, 24,, 287, 

Joseph, 6, 42, 57, 61, 92, 
103, 120, 138, 140, 151, 
157, 164, 167, 186, 188, 
191, 218, 223, 233, 237, 
238, 240, 245, 247, 266, 
277, 278, 303, 312, 314, 
320, 321, 331, 336, 338, 
349 350, 351, 354, 364, 
368, 384, 385, 386, 396, 
397, 403, 414, 415, 419, 
420, 423, 4 4, 426, 427, 
430, 431, 432, 435. 

Mr., ISO, 317, 332, 333, 
383, 411, 425. 

Thomas, 15, 51, 63, 64, 
112, 159, 171, 186, 196, 
218, 227, 245, 255, 277, 
286, 311, 322, 326, 348, 
357; 375, 376, 392, 393, 
427. 

Thomas W., 65. 

Treasurer, 282. 

Salaries or allowances, assessors^ 22, 31, 

70; 85, 107, 136; 
150,165,188,221, 
232,338,359,364, 
402, 403, 434, 435, 

Boyer, Peter, 6, 
84, 107, 153, 176, 
200, 232. 

Carter, James, 
20, 21, 83, 105, 

152. 174. 
Cheney, Samuel, 

84, 106, 152, 153, 

174. 175. 

Clap, Samuel, 

435. 

clerks of the mar. 
ket, 31, 32, 41, 
101, 402, 434. 
collectors of 
taxes, 165, 187, 
220, 240, 249, 
338. 

committee of 
correspond- 
ence, 31. 
consideration of, 

6. 

constables, 150, 

159,176,402,434. 

Cooper, William, 

6, 84, 107, 153, 

175,200,232,338, 

364, 403, 435. 

Davis, Nathan, 

20, 21, 83, 152, 

153,174,175,198. 

Davis, Nathaniel, 

84, 105, 106. 



Salaries of allowances, Dingley, Amasa, 
153, 174. 

Director o f 
lamps, 107. 

hay -weigher, 299. 

Hunt, Samuel, 
20, 21, 83, 105, 
152, 174, 198. 

jury, 381. ' 

justices, 381. 

list of published, 
200. 

Nazro, Mr., 70, 
176. 

Payson, Samuel, 
106. 

police, 298, 364, 
402,404,434,435. 

Russell, Joseph, 
338, 364, 403. 

BC h o o 1-masters, 
18, 20, 31, 32, 33, 
34, 35, 70, 72, 80, 
105,106,152,154, 
174,175,199,200, 
291,359,402,434. 

sheriff, 381. 
Sticknor, Elisha, 

174. 

Thompson, 
James, 364, 365. 
town clerk, 6, 31, 
32, 33, 35, 70, 
107,153,200,232, 
295,338,364,402, 
434, 435. 

town treasurer, 
6, 31, 32, 33, 35, 
70, 107, 153, 232, 
295,338,364,402, 
434, 435. 
Tvleston, John, 

20, 21, 83, 84, 
105, 106, 152, 164, 
174, 175, 198. 

ushers, 22, 84, 
106, 150, 153, 175, 
199,291,359,402, 
434. 

Vinal, John, 20, 

21, 22, 84, 106, 
152, 153, 174, 175. 

watchmen, 31,32, 
33, 35, 70, 72, 
107, 359, 434. 
Waters, Josiah, 

365, 404, 435. 
Salisbury, Samuel, 250. 
Salt, works, 144, 146. 
Salter, Richard, 139. 

Sargeant (Seargeant, Sergeant, Sergant, 
Serpent), Daniel, 277. 

Dudley, 99, 101, 104, 110, 166, 

189, 202. 
Mr., 192. 
Paul D., 20, 104, 116, 134, 162, 

186, 192, 361. 
Savage, Abraham, 31, 72, 73, 88, 89, 149, 

173, 361. 
Mr., 360. 

Samuel P., 377, 380, 381. 
S. V., 426. 

Scavingers, choice of, 8, 56, 
Schools, allowance for ink, 175. 
fuel for, 18, 153, 175. 
government in, 17, 215. 
grammar, 16. 

North, 20, 21, 83, 84, 

105, 106, 153, 175, 201. 

South, 20, 21, 83, 106, 

153, 175. 
in South quarter of town, 35, 166, 

216. 
Latin, 209. 



456 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



Schools, Latin, North, 215. 

number of children in, 18, 79. 
private, 17, IS, 281. 
propositions for reforming pres- 
ent system of public education, 
205, 208, 209, 210. 
provisions for teaching children 

of the poor, 17, 18. 
publick, 17, 18. - 
reading, centre, 209, 210, 231. 
North, 390. 
School street, 391. 
South, 208, 209. 
removal of scholars, 201. 
resolutions on, IS, 19. 
selectmen to hire new, and ap- 
point master, 166. 
usher, 18, 22. 

salaries of, 106, 150, 153, 

175, 291, 359, 434. 
visitation of, 32, 70, 79, 150, 209, 

360, 403. 
writing, centre, 208, 209. 

In the common, 21, 22. 
84, 106, 152, 153, 174, 
175, 390. 

Pleasant street, 84., 
Queen street, 20, 21, 

83, 105, 152, 174. 
North, 20, 21, S3, 84, 
106, 152, 153, 174, 
175,198, 208,209,210. 
South, 60. 

master for, to 

appoint, 60. 

new South, 20, 

84, 174, 178, 

208, 209. 

committee, 216, 219, 231, 261, 274, 
281,284, 290,305,320, 
373, 388, 390, 420, 421, 
424. 

choice of, 218, 245, 246, 
280,281,283,320,351, 
355, 387, 420, 425. 
commission to, 215. 
report of, 6, 19,41,290, 

291. 
representation of, 229, 

231. 

to alter present sys- 
tem of e d u c a - 
tion, 281,284. 
carry new system 
into operation, 
219, 246, 285, 320, 
351, 388, 420. 
consider new ar- 
rangements of, 
16, 17, 207, 208. 
regulate affairs of 
school, 219, 246, 
285, 320, 3.51, 388, 
420. 
house, 182, 209, 215, 216, 231, 259, 

359, 361, 398. 
building of more, 46, 74, 79, 

215,231,261,292. 
contract for building the 

North, 401. 
repairing, expense of, 31, 

70, 216, 361, 402, 434. 
temporary accommo- 
dation for children, 231. 
masters, 17, 18, 21, 22, 60, 79, 122, 
168, 192, 215, 219, 246, 
281, 284, 285, 290, 291, 
320, 351, 373, 388, 389, 
420. 
memorial or petition, 

362. 

punctual payment of, 
21, 137. 



Schools, masters, regulations about teach. 

ing, 17, 18, 21. 
salary of, 18, 20, 21, 22, 
31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 46, 70, 
72, 80, 83, 84, 105, 106, 
150, 153, 168, 175, 191, 
200, 291, 359, 402, 434. 
to report number of 
pupils in public and 
private schools, 19. 
Scollay, Doctor, 282. 

John, 2, 3, 11, 12, 53, 97, 114, 123, 

133, 134, 160, Ib3, 185, 217, 226. 
Mr., 87, 180. 

William, 168, 283, 294, 312, 319, 
320, 331, 349, 350, 354, 384, 385, 
419, 425. 

Scott, Joseph, 201. 
Sealers of leather. (See Leather.) 
Sears, Daniel, 101. 

Seaver (Sever), Ebenezer, 139, 161, 185, 
217, 226, 243, 276, 319, 331, 349, 354, 384, 
411,414,418. 
Sea Wall, 371. 

committee for building, 116. 

expense of, 67, 118. 

on Ferry street, 118, 124. 

Neck, to defray expense of, 

67. 

description of, 66, 67. 
Securities, 144, 187, 220, 279. 
Selectmen, 1, 6, 8, 12, 13, 15, 17, 18, 19, 22, 
24, 25, 26, 31, 32, 36, 37, 42, 43, 
44, 45, 49, 50, 51, 56, 58, 63, 67, 
68, 69, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 79, 80, 
82, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 93, 
94, 100, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 
109,110, 111, 113, 114, 116,118, 
119, 120,121, 122, 123, 124,125, 
132, 135, 136, 137, 138, 142, 148, 
150, 153, 154, 155, 156, 159, 160, 
163, 165, 166, 167, 168,169, 171, 
175, 176, 177, 181, 182, 183, 186, 
187, 193, 194, 196, 199,201,202, 
203, 204, 205, 206,207, 208, 209, 
210, 214, 215, 216, 218, 219, 220, 
221, 223, 227, 228, 229, 230, 232, 
236, 238, 239, 241, 244, 246, 248, 
249, 251, 254, 256, 260, 261, 262, 
263, 264, 266, 267, 274, 275, 279, 
280, 282, 284, 285, 288, 289,290, 
292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297,298, 
299, 300, 301, 303, 305, 308,310, 
316, 318, 320, 322, 323, 327,328, 
329, 330, 332, 333, 338, 339, 341, 
343, 344, 345, 346, 352,355,356, 
357, 358,360,362, 363, 365, 366, 
367, 368, 369, 371, 372, 374, 375, 
378, 381, 386, 388, 389, 390, 392, 
394, 395, 396, 31*8, 399, 400,401, 
405, 410, 412, 413, 414, 415, 416, 
419, 421, 422, 424, 427, 429, 431, 
432, 434. 

accounts of, lo audit, 31, 164, 
191, 247, 278, 291,321, 351, 359, 
387, 420. 

additional number of, 62. 
choice of, 2, 5, 53, 59, 60, 65, 
96,97, 133, 139, 161, 185, 200, 
217, 224, 243, 250, 253, 276, 283, 
319, 349, 384, 391, 418. 
continue suit against Coll. 

Gray's bondsmen, 143. 
drafts of the, 10, 30, 33, 34, 35, 
57, 70, 71, 147, 149, 151, 172, 
173, 197, 211, 233, 257,258, 337, 
361, 402, 425, 426. 
offer reward for conviction 
of persons destroying pub- 
lic property, 324, 325. 
to apply to legislature for re- 
peal of laws against in- 
oculation, 304. 



INDEX. 



457 



Selectmen, to appoint master for South 

writing school, 60. 
appropriate money to de- 
fray expense of building 
new school-house, 231. 
continue their exertions to 
prevent spreading of 
smallpox, 302, 307, 309. 
defend rights of town to 

Oliver's Dock, 143. 
give names to streets, 178, 

179, 180. 
make sale of land at North 

Battery, 144. 
regulate and widen Prince 

street, 225, 226. 
visit public schools, 99. 
Senate, 38, 49, 1 19, 269, 300, 313, 333. 
Senators, 14, 16, 62, 63, 64. 

choice of, 15, 63, 111 , 112, 113, 145, 

146, 169, 170, 194, 195, 226, 227, 

254, 255, 285, 286, 311, 326, 356, 

357, 393, 428. 

Sessions, clerk of, 48, 123, 244, 257, 264, 

218, 321, 349, 385. 
Sewall, Samuel, 316. 
Sharon, 26. 

Sharp, Deacon, 19, 59, 61, 116, 165, 167, 205. 
Gibhins, 132, 171, 306. 
William, 7, 55, 56, 137, 163. 
Shaw, Francis, 3, 5, 31, 32, 71. 

William, 247. 
Shed, Joseph, 8, 286. 
Shepard (Sheppard), Nathaniel, 374, 378, 

381. 

William, 311. 
Sherburne, 38. 

Thomas, 422. 
William, 306, 355. 
Sheriff, salary of, 381. 
Ships, vessels, 29, 77, 407, 408, 409. 
privateers, 340. 
timber, 409. 
Sign boards, 164, 168. 
Sigoney (Sigorney, Sigourney, Siggor- 
ney), Charles, 265. 
Daniel, 41. 
Elisha, 123, 168, 210, 245, 287, 306, 

431. 

John R., 9, 18, 36, 58, 74, 132, 164, 
165, 188, 219, 221, 247, 278, 323, 
329,351,385,421. 
Nathaniel, 353. 
Peter, 8. 

S'monds House, 337. 
Simpkins, Deacon, 19, 32, 132. 
Simpson, Josiah, 7, 65, 56. 
Singleton, George, 325, 354, 388, 423. 
Skinner. John, 7, 8, 55, 66, 103, 104, 137, 

138, 163, 186, 187, 223, 248, 280, 322. 
Small]ience, Robert, 323, 352, 386. 
Smallpox, 302, 307, 308, 309, 360, 361. 

Inoculation for, 181, 282, 284, 

303, 305, 307, 309. 
prescription for mitigating, 

328. 

Smink, Peter, 279. 
Smith, Abiel, 312, 314. 
Constable, 5. 
Isaac, 3, 16, 63, 64, 102, 132, 134, 137, 

254. 

John, 222. 
Mr., 58, 95. 
Oliver, 265, 430. 
Richard, 345. 

Samuel, 4, 55, 98, 139, 162, 189. 
William, 160, 161, 185, 217, 245, 277, 
319, 320, 350, 351, 384, 388, 418, 420, 
430. 

Smoke house be erected, 309. 
Snelling, Josiah, 305. 
Samuel, 247. 
Sohier, J. B., 430. 
Martin, 7. 



Sohier, Martin B., 110. 

Somes (Soams), Nathaniel, 132, 166. 

South Battery, 46, 67, 75. 

End, school at, 35, 166, 216. 
grammar school, 20, 21, 83, 106, 153, 

175. 

reading school, 208, 209. 
writing school, 60. 
Spear, David, 55, 60, 192. 
Joseph, 60. 
Mr., 180. 
Pool, 98, 139. 
Spermaclte works, 75. 
Spooner, William, 420. 
Sprague, Doctor, 178. 

Joseph, 8, 287. 

State House, 24, 68, 113, 148, 171,196,228, 
256, 289, 312, 330, 358, 383, 
394, 396, 397, 429. 
proposals for new, 317. 
street, 60, 87, 176, 179, 183, 223, 344. 
tax, 6, 32, 166. 

treasurer, 80, 31, 32, 33, 34, 45, 57, 71, 
92, 124, 136, 165, 172, 187, 203, 220, 
249, 259, 279, 338, 352, 389, 421. 
treasury, 32, 109, 459. 
Stationery, paid for, 70, 360, 4C2, 434. 
Staves and hoops, cullers of, choice of, 
9,44,46, 60, 103, 142, 163,166,190,201, 
203,222,232, 253, 254, 280,328,354,355, 
389, 423. 

Stevenson, Thomas, 283, 323, 352, 386, 420. 
Sticknor, Elisha, 174. 
Stillman, Morgan, 221. 

Rev. Doctor, 96, 195, 204, 310, 356, 

429. 

Samuel, 159, 388, 420. 
Stoddard, Jonathan, 7, 55. 
Stone chapel, 85, 86, 119, 155, 204, 412. 
lime, Inspector of, 389, 392, 423. 
Storer, Ebenezer, 287. 
Story (Storey), William, 61, 80, 82, 109. 
Stoughton, 26. 

Streets, abuttors on. {See Abuttors.) 
Adams, 179. 
Allen, 180. 
Ann, 180. 
Atkinson, 179, 367, 374, 375, 376, 

377,378,401,413,414. 
Batterymarch, 179, 214, 281, 355. 

petition, for pav- 
ing, 171. 

Beacon, 179, 369, 370, 371, 400. 
Bennet, 178. 
Bowdoin Square, 180. 
Cambridge, 179, 180. 
Castle, 178. 
Center, 180. 
Chamber, 180. 
Clarke, 180. 
Common, 50, 51, 400. 
Cornhlll, 179. 
Court, 179, 397. 
Cow Lane, 179, 355, 374, 375, 376, 

377. 

Dalton, 179. 

damaged by heavy teaming, 299. 
damage on widening, 374, 378. 
Deacon, 180. 
Devonshire, 179. 
Eliot, 178, 369. 
Federal, 179. 
Ferry, 90, 116, 124, 150. 

sea wall on, 118, 122. 
Friend, 180. 
Frog Lane, 178. 
George, 179. 
Green, 180. 
Grtdley Lane, 179. 
Hancock, 179, 180. 
Hanover, 180. 
Harvard, 178. 
Hawkins, 180. 
Hill. 180. 



458 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



Streets, Hog Alley, 232. 
Hollis, 178. 

Hutchinson, 367, 401, 413, 414. 
iiicumbrances on. 168. 
Kilby, 179. 
King, 179. 
land taken to widen, 375, 376, 377. 

paid for damages, 381. 
Leverett, 179, 180, 398. 
Love, 210. 
Lynde, 180. 

Lynn, 90, 341, 344, 345, 346. 
Mason, 400. 
Middle, 180, 209. 
Middlecot, 180. 
Middlesex, 180. 
Milk, 179. 
Mill, 180. 

names changed, 164, 178, 179, 180. 
Nassau, 178. 

new, laid out, 367, 371, 403. 
Newbury, 179. 
North, 180. 

Oliver's Dock, 142, 143. 
Orange, 178, 179, 
Palmer, 179. 
paving and repairing, 70, 176, 182, 

183, 361, 402, 434. 
cost of, 360, 361. 
petition for lottery to raise 

money for repairing, 214. 
Pleasant, 84, 178, 209, 369, 370, 371, 

414, 417. 
Prince, 225, 226, 352. 

land to widen, 226. 
Purchase, 179, 214, 374, 375, 376, 

377, 378. 

Queen, 21, 83, 105, 152, 174, 179. 
School, 209, 231, 391. 
Sea, 99, 107. 

abuttors on, 108. 
Ship, 180. 
Shute, 180. 
Staniford, 180. 

State, 60, 87, 176, 179, 183, 223, 344. 
Sudbury, 180. 
Summer, 179. 
Temple, 180, 336. 
Tremont, 209, 231. 
Warren, 180. 
Washington, 180. 
Water, 179. 
West, 209. 
Strong, Caleb, 286. 
Sturgis, Hufus, 171. 

Russell, 224, 245, 277, 286, 306, 320, 

323, 350, 385, 418, 419, 430. 
Subscriptions, for relief of poor, 132. 

sufferers from fire, 366. 
to support lamps, 267. 
Suffolk, County of, 13, 14, 15, 16, 23, 26, 27, 
29, 38, 39, 62, 63, 64, 94, 
97, 98, 111, 112, 113, 114, 
115, 123, 135, 145, 161, 
169, 184, 192, 193, 194, 
218, 226, 227, 240, 241, 
243, 254, 255, 256, 262, 
263, 264, 265, 267, 268, 
270, 271, 277, 285, 286, 
297, 310, 311, 321, 326, 
327, 349, 357, 358, 384, 
393, 419, 428. 
to consider dividing, 23. 
division of, 26, 27, 28, 29, 

38. 

remon strance against 
dividing, 269, 270, 271, 
272. 
District of, 182, 183, 316, 

327. 

Sullivan, James, 15, 20, 28, 25, 29, 45, 46, 
64, 88, 91, 94, 99, 100, 125, 134, 135, 141, 
142, 210, 215, 240, 265, :269, 272, 286, 294, 
303, 311, 326, 332, 333, 347, 368, 416. 



Sumner, Benjamin, 31, 71, 73, 87, 95. 
Increase, 311, 392, 427. 
Samuel, 353. 

Sureties, bonds to be given as, 45, 57, 121, 
136, 165, 187, 220, 238, 246, 249, 279, 321, 
aS8, 349, 352, 384, 389, 414, 418, 421. 
Surveyors, 47. 

of boards. (See Boards.) 
hemp. (Hee Hemp.) 
highways. (See High- 
ways.) 

wheat. (See Wheat.) 
Swan, James, 63. 
Swatser, John, 80. 

Sweetser, John, 3, 53, 88, 92, 99, 101, 102, 
104, 134, 138, 161, 163, 185, 1^6, 217, 218, 
244, 260, 277, 281, 282, 284, 294, 319, 350, 
357, 384, 3'JK, 406, 418, 424, 428, 430, 431. 
Swift, Elijah, 345. 
Switcher, John, 74. 

Symea (Symmes, Symms, Syms), An- 
drew, 19, 20, 54, 72, 101, 134, 151, 

161, 173, 190, 197. 
Thomas, 305. 



Tar, 409. 

Tate, James, 377, 380, 381, 431, 433. 

William, 103. 
Taxes, 30, 33, 172, 259, 261, 270. 

abatement of, 30, 31, 34, 41, 57, 87, 
108, 150, 151,172, 197, 
223, 246, 247, 278, 292, 
321,335,336,350,385, 
401, 421, 426, 433. 
on Benj. Gray's, 111. 
act, 338. 
alien, 76. 

appropriated for payment of in- 
terest to creditors of town, iOl. 
class, 73. 

commonwealth, 73. 
continental, 32, 35, 73. 
for Court Houses, Goals, etc., 28, 

40. 
names of persons who refuse to 

pay, 334. 

on inhabitants, 33, 198. 
plan for collection of, 261, 331, 

332, 334, 432, 433. 
poll, 34, 85, 107, 154, 176, 200, 233, 

260, 293, 338, 361, 403, 435. 
premiums for collecting, 34, 35. 
premiums on, 31. 
real estate, 34, 85, 107, 154, 176, 200. 

233, 260, 293, 338, 361. 403, 435. 
reasons for non-payment of, 335, 

336. 

specie, 82. 
state, 6, 32, 166. 

application for abatement 

of, 167. 

to defray expenses of town, 3J, 
35, 85, 107, 154, 176, 177, 200, 233, 
259, 260, 293, 338, 361, 402, 403, 435. 
to defray expense of new build- 
ings for the poor, 295. 
town, 32. 
to raise for support of poor, 141, 

177, 201. 

collectors of, 30, 32, 33, 34, 35, 45, 
54,61,70,71,72,87,10;, 
108, 117, 122, 124, 150, 
154, 156, 166, 177, 192, 
202, 234, 240, 285, 292, 
321, 334, 836, 350, 362, 
385, 395, 402, 421, 426, 
allowance to, 45, 56, 57, 
121, 136, 150, 165, 187, 
220, 240, 249, 279, 304, 
338, 352, 389, 402 421. 
bondsmen of delin- 
quent, to be sued, 109. 
check on, 192. 



INDEX. 



459 



Taxes, collectors, choice of, 7, 9, 58, 101, 

109, 110, 135, 165, 187, 
202, 220, 249, 250, 254, 
279, 304, 308, 329, 352, 
388, 421. 

defaulters, 81, 82. 
delinquent, 9, 100. 
executions against, 8-2, 

92. 
give bond, 45, 57, 110, 

121, 136, 165, 220, 249, 

279, 338, 352, 389, 421. 
monies due from, 34, 

61,73,81, 
obliged to pay balances 

due the town, 73. 
premiums, 45,57,70,104, 

110, 118, 120, 121, 136, 
165, 173, 187, 220, 249, 
279, 304, 308, 338, 352, 
359, 389, 402, 421, 426, 
433. 

request for more salary, 

237, 240. 

Tenant, Thomas, 391, 420. 
Tewksbury, 31. 
Thatcher, Peter, 62, 63, 76, 243. 

Rev. Dr., 358. 

Thayer, Ebenezer, '255, 287, 326. 
Ephraim, 56. 
Minot, 386. 
Theatre, 266, 267, 268. 

building new, 431. 
Thomas, Alexander, 71, 73, 90, 92, 99, 108, 

110, 124, 172. 
Benjamin, 420. 
Mr., 31,93, 109,111, 123. 
Thompson, Benjamin, 432, 433. 

James, 9, 31, 58, 71, 73, 81, 82, 
110, 135, 149, 165, 173,187,220, 
249, 258, 279, 292, 329, 352, 360, 
362, 364, 365, 388, 421, 426,434. 
Mr., 143. 
Thomas, 422. 
William, 191, 192, 205, 208, 216, 

223, 224, 413. 

Thwing, James, 424, 433. 
Ticknor, Mr., 166, 209. 
Tidmarsh, Nathaniel, 422. 
Tilden, David, 418. 
Tileston (Tyleston), James, 21, 100. 

John, 20, 21, 83, 84, 
105, 106, 152, 154, 
174, 175, 198, 306, 
374,378,381,424. 
Mr., 79, 138, 153, 210. 
Thomas, 4, 19, 54, 134, 
161, 186, 218, 245, 
273, 277, 320, 350, 
373. 

Tisdale, James, 87, 320, 350, 362, 385, 419. 
Todd, Samuel, 7. 

William, 56, 137, 186, 222, 248, 279, 

293, 321, 353, 387. 
Tomb at South burying ground, 412. 

Stone Chapel, 412. 
on Common, 432. 
Torrey, Jonaah, 109. 
Josiah. 99. 
Samuel, 192, 300. 
Towle, Jonathan, 426. 
Town accept donations in Dr. Franklin's 

will, 233, 246. 

attorney, 214, 296, 297, 298. 
book, 115, 361. 

names of streets recorded 

in, 178. 
bulls, 150. 

clerk, 14, 22, 40, 47, 52, 67, 83, 95, 99, 
107, 115, 123, 135, 136, 139, 
146, 149, 153, 161, 162, 164, 
168, 185, 189, 191, 192, 217, 
218, 219, 235, 244, 245, 257, 
263, 264, 265, 274, 277, 278. 



Town clerk, 303, 319, 321, 349, SCO, 362, 

383, 384, 396, 410, 418, 419, 
424. 

choice Of, 2, 53, 96, 133, 160, 
184, 217, 243, 276, 319, 349, 

384, 418. 
duties of, 293. 
examine town records, 47. 
salary of, 6, 31, 32. 33, 35, 70, 

84, 107, 150, 2'J5, 364, 403, 435. 
serve representatives with 
attested copy of instruc- 
tions for support of build- 
ing abridge over Charles 
River, 52. 

to notify inhabitants of busi- 
ness of the meeting, 48. 
clock, repairs of, 150, 360, 402, 434. 
confirm deed given for two stores 

in exchange for pasture, 159. 
council, 274. 
creditors to receive interest on 

money lent, 259. 
cryer, 360. 

debit and credit of the, 10, 30, 31, 32, 

33, 34, 57, 70, 71, 72, 73, 150, 151, 172, 

173, 197, 198, 233, 240, 258, 292, 337, 

425, 426, 433, 434. 

debt, resolutions on payment of, 

259, 260. 
dock, '0. 

expense of filling up, 31, 50. 
request for compensation for 

filling up, 36. 
settled by arbitration, 36. 
engines, pumps, or public ladders, 

destruction of, 324, 325. 
estates, rents of, and to whom 

rented, 22. 
expenses, by heavy loads carried 

through streets, 299. 
to defray, 34, 35, 61. 85, 
107, 150, 154, 176, 177, 
200, 233, 260, 292, 293, 
338, 361, 403, 435. 
finances, 242. 
house, new, 158. 
illumination of, 1. 
incorporation of, 25, 89, 91,92,93, 

417. 
Introduction of fresh water into, 

382. 
lamps, 265, 267. 

lighting of, 282, 293. 

to continue, 285, 

288. 

to be disc on- 
tinned, 147, 
331. 

subscription to support, 267. 
land, sale of, 432. 

on S. Battery, 75. 
given deed of laud near Dock 

Square, 76. 

meetings, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 14, 
16, 20, 23, 24, 25, 26, 35, 
37, 38, 41, 42, 43, 44, 46, 
47, 48, 49, 51, 52, 53, 54, 
55, 58, 60, 62, 63, 64, 65, 
67, 68, 69, 70, 74, 76, 78, 
80, 83, 85, 86, 88, 89, 90, 
91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 98, 
99, 103, 104, 106, 108, 109, 
110, 111, 113, 114, 116, 
116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 
122, 123, 124, 125, 132, 
133, 135, 136, 138, 140, 
143, 144, 146, 147, 148, 
152, 154, 155, 156, 157, 
158, 159, 160, 162, 166, 
169, 170, 171, 175, 177, 
181, 182, 183, 184, 186, 
189, 191, 192, 194, 195, 
196, 198, 199, 200, 201. 



460 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



Town meetings, 202, 204, 205, 206, 207, 
208, 210, 211, 213, 214, 
215, 216, 218, 221, 225, 
226, 228, 229, 232, 233, 
234, 235, 236, 238, 239, 
240, 241, 242, 243, 248, 
250, 253, 254, 255, 256, 
257, 259, 260, 261, 262, 
263, 264, 265, 266, 268, 
272, 273, 275, 276, 280, 
283, 284, 285, 287, 288, 
28d, 290, 293, 295, 296, 
21)9, 300, 301, 302, 304, 
306, 308, 309, 311, 312, 
315, 316, 317, 318, 323, 
325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 
330, 331, 332, 333, 337, 
339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 
347, 348, 352, 355, 356, 
358, 359, 363, 365, 366, 
367, 368, 369, 372, 373, 
374, 381, 382, 383, 386, 
390, 392, 393, 394, 395, 
396, 397, 399, 401, 404, 
406, 407, 410, 411, 413, 
414, 415, 416, 417, 419, 
421, 424, 427, 428, 429, 
430, 432, 433, 435. 
expenses at, 150. 

offers reward for conviction of 
persons destroying public prop- 
erty, 324, 325. 

police, 272, 273, 274, 275, 3fi4. 
records, 47, 75, 97, 115, 381. 
schedule of assessment for land 

taken, 379, 380. 
security of the, at night, 329. 
selected jurors, 241. 
suits against, 234. 
to make regulations prohibiting 

heavy teaming, 299. 

petition General Court, 230. 

treasurer, 9, 10, 22, 32, 34, 35, 37, 45, 

57, 71, 72, 81, 82, 92, 97, 

103, 105, 109, 121, 122, 

124, 132, 136, 138, 149, 

150, 151, 154, 156, 164, 

165, 167, 168, 172, 175, 

176, 187, 192, 197, 198, 

202, 220, 234, 249, 259, 

260, 261, 274, 279, 324, 

334, 335, 338, 349, 352, 

360, 362, 373, 389, 400, 

421, 431. 

accounts of, 5, 30, 72, 73, 

173, 258, 292. 
to audit, 9,22, 
30, 57, 61, 70, 
81, 103, 105, 
109, 138, 146, 
147, 149, 164, 
167, 172, 173, 
189, 191, 197, 
198, 223, 233, 
247, 257, 258, 
278, 292, 321, 
331, 332, 337, 
351, 359, 401, 
420, 432, 433. 
authorized to borrow 

money, 261, 416. 
choice Of, 5, 54, 97, 135, 
162, 185, 189, 219, 237, 
245, 277, 321, 349, 384, 
414, 418. 

committee to settle the 
accounts of the late, 
237, 240. 
duties of, 293. 
draughts of, 156. 
extract from will of the 

late, 97. 

give bonds, 238, 246, 279, 
321, 349, 384, 414, 418. 



Town treasurer, give notes to Jonah 

Torrey, 109. 
note for land on 

Cop's Hill, 118. 
notes, 151, 167. 
salary of, 6, 31, 32, 33. 35, 
70, S4, 295, 364, 402, 4C3, 
435. 

sum due the late, 93. 
suspend execution of 
suit of Geo. Make- 
peace, 202. 

suspend execution of 
suit of Col. Sargent, 
202. 

to call on Geo. Make- 
peace, 433. 
collect flues from 

justices, 117. 
furnish account of 
monies received 
and paid, 34. 
issue executions 
against delinquent 
collectors of taxes, 
82. 

prosecute bondsmen 
of delinquent coll. 
of taxes, 108, 109. 
suspend prose- 
cution ,109, 110, 111, 
124. 

watch, 107, 329. 

Townsend, Andrew, 66, 102, 137, 163, 186, 
221, 222, 248, 249, 279, 283, 
321, 323, 352, 353, 386. 
David, 201, 238, 345, 355, 388, 

411, 413, 420. 

Trade, carrying, 77, 347. 
Traders, 89. 

Trades, blacksmiths, 31. 
brickmakers, 203. 
carpenters, 31, 
glaziers, 31. 
masons, 31. 
pavers, 31. 
printers, 70, 391. 
Treasurer, town. (See Town.) 

county, 4, 5, 54, 58, 95, 98, 120, 
135, 161, 218, 244, 278, 321, 349, 
384.419. 

state, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 45, 57, 71, 
72, 92, 124, 136, 165, 172, 187, 
203, 220, 249, 259, 279, 338, 352, 
389, 421. 
Treasury, state, 32, 109, 259. 

town, 18, 32, 45, 72, 100, 109, 122, 
138, 177, 257, 259, 299, 
303, 388, 415, 416. 
general state of, 10, 57, 
103, 138, 149, 172, 17% 
257, 258, 292. 
Treaty, commercial, 410. 

of Amity, Commerce and Navi- 
gation, 406, 407. 
resolutions on, 407, 

408, 409. 
copy to be sent to the 

President, 410. 
Peace, illumination of town 

on ratilication of, 1. 
Tribunal, 275. 
Troops, 172, 340, 373. 

Artillery Company, 118. 
Boston regiment, 373. 
Tuckerman, Abraham, 432. 

Edward, 8, 56, 74, 223, 248, 

279, 314, 322, 387, 423. 
Isaac, 11, 56, 423. 
Tudor, Coll., 264. 
Deacon, i9. 
John, 23. 

William, 3, 12, 25, 29, 41, 47, 52, 59, 
75, 80, 90, 91, 99, 116, 143, 168i 



INDEX. 



461 



Tudor, William, 210,211,219,234,245,246,256, 
272, 281, 287, 289, 293, 295, 312, 
317, 320, 328, 330, 332, 333, 351, 
357, 358, 369, 372, 383, 388, 395, 
396, 397, 401, 406, 411, 413, 420, 
421, 424, 428, 430. 
Tuffet, Cotton, 195. 
Tufts (Tuffts), Cotton, 15, 64, 112, 145, 170, 

227,255,286,311,3-26. 
Tukesbury, Andrew, 173, 426, 433. 
Turner, William, 422. 
Tyler, Edward, 53, 97, 114, 115, 123, 133, 
161, 185, 217, 223, 224, 226, 273, 305, 374, 
378, 381. 

Union, County, 268. 

United States, 120, 155, 301, 311, 339, 340, 

347. 

militia, 373. 

Uran, Thomas, 102, 238, 248, 280, 283. 
Ushers, salary of, 22, 84, 106, 150, 153, 175, 
199, 291, 359, 402, 434. . 

Varnum, Joseph B., 310. 
Vinal, John, 20,21, 22, 79, 80, 84, 106, 117, 
122, 152, 153, 174, 175, 209, 258, 357, 390, 
39'2 

Virginia, 407. 
Visitation of Schools, 32, 70, 79, 150, 209, 

360, 403. 
Votes, by proxy, 264. 

for Governor, Lieut. Governor, 
and six Senators, 15, 16, 63, 
64, 112, 113, 145, 146, 169, 170, 
194, 195, 227, 255, 286, 287, 326, 

357, 392, 393, 427, 428. 
representatives, 24, 69, 114, 

148, 171, 182, 196, 199, 229, 
242, 256, 289, 300, 327, 330, 

358, 395, 430. 

Waldo, Benjamin, 425. 

Wales, Ebenezer, 64, 145, 227, 287. 

Wall, on Boston Neck, 59, 65, 66, 105. 

Ferry street, 116, 118, 12-2, 150. 

Wallack, Moses, 427. 

Walley, Thomas, 19, 21, 41, 45, 49, 61, 61, 
90, 97, 99, 104, 114, 115, 119, 123, 133, 135, 
157, 161, 167, 185, 217, 218, 226, 237, 238, 
243, 260, 276, 319, 328, 331, 349, 384, 406, 
418, 422. 

Walter, William, 319, 422. 

War, 30, 76, 130, 239, 407, 408, 409. 
board of, 32, 72. 

Wardens, 3, 54, 100. 

choice of, 109, 110, 135, 166, 185. 

Warrants, 1, 2, 3, 9, 12, 14, 23, 24, 25, 30, 32, 
36, 37, 43, 44,45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 51, 52, 59, 
60, 61 , 62, 63, 65, 68, 69, 74, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 
90, 95, 96, 99, 100, 111, 113, 115, 116, 117, 
119, 120, 121, 122, 124, 125, 132, 133, 134, 
138, 141, 143, 144, 148, 154, 155, 156, 157, 
158, 159, 160, 164, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 
177, 181, 182, 183, 184, 188, 194, 195, 196, 
201, 202, 204, 205, 206, 213, 214, 215, 2i6, 
218, 226, 228, 229, 233, 234, 235, 237, 239, 
241, 242, 243, 246, 246, 254, 256, 257, 259, 
260, 262, 263, 264, 265, 267, 272, 273, 276, 
280, 282, 285, 288, 289, 295, 300, 301, 302, 
304, 305, 310, 312, 316, 318, 319, 320, 324, 
325, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 339, 
3*0, 341, 342, 343, 344, 347, 348, 354, 356, 
358, 359, 362, 363, 365, 366, 367, 368, 369, 
373, 374, 378, 381, 382, 383, 388, 389, 390, 
392,394,395,396, 405, 406, 410, 411, 412, 
413, 414, 415, 417, 424, 427, 428, 429, 431, 
432, 433. 

Warren, Ebenezer, 326. 

James, 15, 31, 63,112, 145, 169, 310, 

427. 
John, 83, 429, 430. 

Washington, George, 207, 208, 21C, 213. 



Watch, constables, 7, 42, 54, 58, 95, 100, 274, 

3ii5, 433. 
house, 176. 

in State street, 60, 223. 
men, payment of, 22, 31, 32, 33, 35, 

70, 72, 107, 150, 402, 434. 
town, 107, 329. 

Water, introduction of fresh, 382. 
Waters, Josiah, 4, 19, 59, 132, 166, 361, 364, 

365, 404, 435. 

Ways, filling up and repairing, 203. 
Wear, John, 112. 
Weatherly, Joshua, 387, 423. 
Webb, Joseph, 3, 4, 53. 
Webster, Redford, 391, 418. 
Welch, Jonas, 305, 415. 

- Thomas, 211, 219.-246, 281, 290, 320. 

332, 333, 351, 388, 420, 430, 431. 
Weld, Edward, 238, 248, 354. 
Well, relative to a, 390. 
Wells, Arnold, 7, 16, 227, 250, 391, 418, 425, 

428, 430. 

John, 101, 387, 423. 
Seth, 386. 

Wendell, Isaac, 4, 55. 
Judge, 87. 
Oliver, 67, 75, 182, 195, 196, 199, 

286, 326, 355, 357, 393, 428. 
Wentworth, Edward, 189, 220, 227, 249. 
West, David, 422. 

Samuel, 194, 206, 211, 218, 241, 246, 

281, 320, 325, 351, 387, 420, 427. 
West Boston, 59, 309, 318. 

almshouse at, 398. 
bridge, 371. 

repairs on, 333, 336, 

337. 

expense of, 337. 
hospital at, 150, 318. 
Wharf, North Battery, 62. 

Oliver's Dock, 100, 142, 143. 
Row's, 75. 
wood on, 61. 

Wheat and flour, surveyors of, choice of, 
8, 56, 104, 138, 163, 186, 223, 248, 279, 322, 
353, 387, 423. 
Wheeler, James, 215, 222, 231, 248, 401, 426, 

433. 
Wheelwright, Job, 103, 140, 163, 190, 222, 

328. 

Samuel, 287. 
Whetherly Joshua, 353. 
Whipple, Joseph, 188, 223, 282, 284. 
White Benjamin, 56, 102, 107, 137, 140, 162, 
163, 186, 190, 221, 222, 248, 253, 279, 
280, 321, 323, 353, 354, 387, 388, 422. 
James, 345. 

John, 3, 8, 53, 56, 102, 104, 134, 138, 
161, 163, 185, 186, 217, 244, 277, 319, 
350,384,386.425. 
Jonathan, 425. 

Samuel, 249, 283, 323, 352, 386, 420. 
Whitney, Amos, 422. 

Samuel, 4, 55, 98, 139, 162, 189, 

220/249. 

Whittemore, Joseph, 163, 201, 232, 389, 423. 
Whitwell, Samuel, 3, 36, 53, 102, 109,112, 
134, 161, 185, 217, 224, 232, 250, 268, 283. 
Wight, Rev. Mr., 2, 113, 178. 
Wilbraham, 197. 
Wild, Edward, 280, 328. 
Will of the late Benj. Franklin, 234, 23n. 
David Jeffries, extract 

from, 97. 

Williams, Charles, 9, 32,58, 71, 73,110, 135, 
149, 165, 173, 187, 220, 249, 250, 
258, 292. 
Deacon, 179. 

James, 56, 98, 139, 162, 189, 220. 
Jeremiah, 192. 
Mr., 31, 154. 
Samuel, 139. 
Wind machine, 369. 
Windship, Amos, 426. 



462 



CITY DOCUMENT. 



Windship, Jonathan, 426. 
Winnesimit Ferry, 100, 104. 
Winslow, Isaac, 139, 306. 

John, 168, 221, 306, 374, 378, 381, 

382. 
Winthrop, James, 310, 311. 

John, 54, 100, 134, 148, 159, 161, 
186, 196, 218, 229, 231, 245, 277, 
320, 350, 358, 385, 419. 
Thomas L.., 55, 104, 277. 
Wood, 31, 32, 34, 50. 

admeasurement of, on wharves, 

61. 
boards, surveyors of. (See 

Boards. 

building with, 369, 371, 372, 382. 
cord, 299. 
fire, 80, 275, 299. 



Wood measurers and sealers of, choice 
of, 238, 248, 280, 322, 328, 354, 356, 
387, 423. 
sealer of, 300. 

staves, cullers of. (See Staves.) 
wharfingers carting, 299. 
Woodward, Ebenezer, 190, 222. 
Joseph, 7, 247, 368. 
Mr., 142. 

Worcester, County of, 26, 38, 39. 
Workhouse, 252, 294, 354, 356, 398, 399, 400, 

424. 

(See also Almshouse.) 
Wrentham, 3, 12, 13, 38. 
Wright, Deacon, 368. 
Francis, 101. 
Writing schools. (See Schools.) 



Boston Records- 31