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Full text of "A Volume of records relating to the early history of Boston : containing miscellaneous papers"

BOSTON PUBLIC 
LIBRARY 



FORM NO 522 : 5,3.54. fit. 



A VOLUME 



EECOKDS 



RELATING TO THE 



EARLY HISTORY or BOSTON 



CONTAINING 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1796 TO 1813 




BOSTON 

MUNICIPAL PRINTING OFFICE 
1905 



\ 




[DOCUMENT 115 1905.] 




REGISTRY DEPARTMENT 



CITY OF BOSTON 

KECOKDS RELATING TO THE EAELY HISTORY 
OF BOSTON 

(Formerly called Record Commissioners 1 Reports) 



This volume, which is the thirty-fifth in the series formerly 
issued under the direction of the Record Commissioners, contains 
the proceedings of the town from April, 1796, to October, 1813, 
containing the town proceedings in the ninth book of the original 
records of the town of Boston. 

EDWARD W. McGLENEN, 

City Registrar. 
OLD COUKT HOUSE, BOSTON. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS. 



[NINTH BOOK.] 



[1] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned in 
public Town meeting the 4th day of July A. D. 1796. at old 
south Church, & adjournment. 

Warrant for calling the meeting at Faneuil Hall. 

William Cooper 
Moderator. 

The Committee appointed the last year, to make 
choice of a Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary 
of Independence, Reported 

that they had made choice of John LOTHROP 
Esq. who had accepted. 

Voted that the Gentlemen, the Selectmen, acquaint Mr. Lothrop 
with this Vote. 

AN ORATION. 

to commemorate the independence of the United States, was 
delivered by John Lothrop Esq. at the old South Church. 

On Motion, voted that the Selectmen be and hereby are 
appointed a Committee to wait on John Lothrop Esq., and in the 
name of the Town, to thank him for the spirited and elegant 
Oration, this day delivered by him, at the request of the Town, 
upon the Anniversary of the Independence of the United States 
of America, in which, according to the [2] Institution of the 
Town, he considered the feelings, manners and principles which 
led to that great national Event, and to request of him a Copy 
thereof for the press. 

On Motion, Voted that the Gentlemen Select men, be, and 
hereby are appointed a Committee to apply to some one learned 
and able Gentleman, to deliver an Oration on the 4th of July 
A. D. 1797. That day being the Anniversary of the Independ- 
ance of the United States of America, wherein the Orator is to 



2 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

consider the feelings, manners and principles, which led to that 
great national event, as well as the important and happy effects, 
whether general or domestic, which have already and will forever 
flow from that auspicious epoch. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[3.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned, in 
public Town-meeting, assembled at Faneuil-hall, on Friday the 
8th day of July, A.D. 1796. ten O'Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling this meeting read. 

Hon. Thomas Crafts Esq. 
chosen Moderator, of this meeting, by a hand Vote. 

The Article in the Warrant viz. To consider the application 
of the Directors of the Acqueduct Corporation in Boston, for 
laying the Pipes thro' the Town land, and to have a right to 
repair the same read, whereupon 

Voted that the Select-men, be a Committee to take up this 
matter at large, and report at the adjournment. 

The Application ' ' that liberty may be obtained for placing 
posts in the passageway, leading from Ann-Street to where the 
late swing bridge stood " read and committed 

Hon. Thomas Dawes Esq. 
Jos. May 
Paul Revere Esqs 
to consider the same, and report at the Adjournment. 

[4.] The Petition of Samuel Cooper, for the purchase of a 
small piece of land at the back of his Store, read, and after de- 
bate, it was moved and voted ; that the Petitioner have leave to 
withdraw his Petition. 

The article in the Warrant, viz. whether the town will take 
measures to place the money in the Union-bank, on Interest, 
read and committed to 

Thomas Dawes 
Judge Minot 
Samuel Brown 
John Codman & 
William Thompson Esqs 
to consider and report thereon, at the adjournment. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1796. 3 

The Petition of James Lovet Esq. and others, relative to land, 
where the late Rope-walks stood read and debated, whereupon 

Voted that the Select-men be impowered and directed to ex- 
change the Town's right, in a certain ten foot passage-way, lying 
between the late Rope- walks, near Hutchinson Street, for an 
equal width upon Hutchinson Street, to be conveyed to the town, 
for the widening & accommodations of said Street, and that the 
Select-men be authorized to give and receive the necessary deed, 
securing the same, provided that no houses except handsome 
brick-houses, not less than two stories, secured with slate or 
composition, secure against fire, he erected thereon which Vote 
was passed Nem Con. 

[5.] Adjourned to Monday the 18th of July Inst. 10 o'Clock 
fore-noon. 

Friday the 18th July. 10 o'Clock A. M. met according to ad- 
journment. 

The Committee appointed to consider the article in this Warrant 
viz. Whether the town will take measures to place their monies 
lying in the Union-bank, on Interest, reported as their opinion, 
that the Agents appointed for the purpose of building a new 
Alms-house, be authorized & empowered to invest the monies 
lying in the Union bank, arising from the sale of Town's land 
made by the said Agents in 6 per C l . Stocks so called, until they 
shall want to make use of the same, agreeable to the Commission 
of their Agency. 

Thomas Dawes per order. 

The aforegoing Report, having been read and considered, Voted 
that the same be accepted. 

The Committee on the Article in the Warrant, that liberty may 
be obtained for placing posts, in the passage way, leading from 
Ann Street, to where the late Swing bridge stood Report as 
their opinion, that the Selectmen be authorized and empowered, 
to erect a post or posts, in such place, as to prevent Carts and 
Trucks passing through to Ann street, but not so as to obstruct 
a passage way for Carts & Trucks [6] round the triangular 
building now improved by Mr. Samuel Wells. 

Thomas Dawes per order. 

this Report having been considered, it was moved and voted that 
the same be accepted. 

The Select-men being appointed A Com 66 to confer with the 
Proprietors of the Aqueduct, report that they have attended that 
service, have met the Proprietors and viewed the premises and 
are of opinion that leave be granted to them agreeable to their 



4 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

request, but as it is uncertain, and cannot as yet be determined 
at which place they will enter the Town, your Committee would 
recommend to the Town, that a Committee be chosen and fully 
authorized to permit them to break ground, but that previous to 
which, such Contract shall be made in writing, as shall hereafter 
prevent any disputes, and shall not be injurious to the Town, and 
yet sufficient to secure to the Proprietors, all the benefits they 
wish for. 

Thomas Crafts, per order. 

The aforegoing Report having been read & accepted by the 
Town, it was 

Voted that the Selectmen be a Com 66 to carry the same into 
execution 

[7.] The Committee appointed on the Petition of M r . James 
Thwing, Report as their opinion, that the Town ought to make 
him a compensation for the Interest & damage which he suffered, 
and having heard the Petitioner, are of opinion that four hundred 
Dollars will be a reasonable compensation therefor. 

Joseph Russell per order. 

The aforegoing Report, having been read and considered, was 
accepted by the Town. 

The Committee to whom was referred the Petition of Lois 
Clouston, pi-aying reimbursement for extra expences incurred by 
the removal of the brick walls and chimneys of the former house, 
destroyed by the fire 1794. having viewed the premises and 
heard the parties on the subject of her Petition, and beg leave to 
report 

that the sum of three hundred Dollars be allowed and 
paid to the said Lois Clouston, as a reimbursement of the extra 
expences incurred by removing and rebuilding Wall, Chimneys 
& c . as set forth in her Petition the said Clouston, relinquishing 
all Claims to the Lands taken by the Town, in order to widen the 
Street 

Jon a . L. Austin per order. 

[8.] The foregoing Report, read, considered & accepted by 
the Town. 

The Committee to whom was referred the Petition of James 
Tate, praying reimbursement for extra expences incurred by him 
in removing the brick walls and chimneys of his former house, 
destroyed by the fire in 1794. in order to accommodate the town 
with a strip of land, to widen the Street have attended to that 
business, viewed the premises, and heard the parties on the 
subject of his Petition. Report 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1796. 5 

that the sum of one hundred and fifty Dollars, be paid to the 
same James Tate, as a full compensation for all the expence 
incurred by him as set forth in his Petition, in addition to the 
sum of fifty Dollars, allowed for the land taken by the Town. 

John L. Austin 
Joseph May 
Elisha Sigorney 

The aforegoing read, considered & accepted by the Town. 

The Committee to whom was referred the Petition of James 
Tate, praying reimbursement for extra expences incurred by him, 
in removing the brick walls and chimnies of his former house, 
destroyed by the fire in 1794. in order to accommodate the Town 
with a strip of land to widen the Street have attended to that 
business [9] viewed the premises and heard the parties on the 
subject of his Petition. Report. 

That the sum of one hundred and fifty Dollars be paid to the 
same James Tate, as a full compensation for all the expence, 
incurred by him as set forth in his Petition, in addition to the 
sum of fifty Dollars, allowed for the Land, taken by the Town 

John L. Austin 
Jos. May 
Elisha Sigorney 

The aforegoing read, considered and accepted by the Town. 

Adjourned to Wednesday the 27th Inst. 3 O'Clock P. M. in 
order for acting on the List of Jurors, laid before the town. 
And the Town Clerk is directed to notify the same in the Chron- 
icle and Centinel . 

Wednesday the 27th July 1796. 3 o'Clock P. M. 
Town met according to adjournment. 

The Select-men having as the Law directs, laid before the 
Inhabitants, Lists of Persons of good moral Characters, and 
such as they Judge well qualified to serve as Jurors. 

The Town proceeded to examine s d Lists, and selected one 
quarter of the number, being such as they judged best qualified 
to. serve at [1O] the Superior Judicial Court, and their names 
being written on separate pieces of Paper, were put into one of 
the boxes, to be liable to be drawn out to serve on the petit Jury, 
at the Supreme Judicial Court, and the remainder of said Lists, 
the names being written on seperate papers, were put into the 
other box, provided by the Selectmen, to serve on the petit Jury, 
at the Court of Common Pleas and General Sessions of the Peace, 
all being done in Town meeting, and strictly conformable to an 
act, entitled " an act, for regulating the choice & services of petit 
Jurors." 



6 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Voted that all matters unfinished be referred over to next 
general town meeting. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town, be and hereby are given 
to the Hon. Tho 8 . Crafts Esquire, for his good Services, as 
moderator of this meeting. 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



[11.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned in 
public Town meeting, assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Monday the 
10th day of October, Anno Domini 1796. 10 o'Clock. A. M. 

Warrant for calling meeting - - read. 

Hon. Thomas Crafts, Esq. chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants, that the Town would 
purchase certain lots of land, for the widening Vincents Alley, 
was read, and on motion, the question was put, viz. "That the 
Petitioners have leave to with-draw their petition." 

Passed in the affirmative, Nem. Con. 

The petition for a new Street from market-square into State 
Street was read, and after some debate it was 

Voted, that the Petitioners have leave to withdraw their Peti- 
tion, almost universally. 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, qualified to Vote for Representatives to 
the general Court of this Commonwealth, & legally warned in 
public town meeting, assembled at Faneuil Hall, the 7th day of 
November, A. D. 1796. being the first Monday of the same 
month, 10 O'Clock A. M. 

Prayer made by Rev d . Dr. Haward. 
Warrant for calling meeting read. 

4 

Paragraphs of Resolve of the General Court, for the choice of 
one Representative, for the first middle district, and for one 
Elector of President and Vice President. read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1797. 7 

It was then declared by the Selectmen, that the Poll would be 
closed at half past one o'Clock, the bells to begin tolling at one 
O'Clock 

Persons Voted for, as "Representatives for the first middle 
district of this Commonwealth, in the next Congress, of the 
United States, viz. 

Hon. James Bowdoin Esq. - - - - 986 Votes 
Harrison G-. Otis Esq. .... 1408 
Stephen Higginson Esq. ... 1 

[13.] Persons voted for as an Elector of the President and 
Vice President of the United States. 

Samuel Adams Esq. - - - - 975 

Tho 8 . Dawes Esq. 1428 

John Adams Esq. ----- 1 

two attested Copies of the Persons voted for as above, were 
sealed up in Town-meeting, and sent to the Secretary of this 
Commonwealth, by the Town Clerk, superscribed as follows, viz. 

For John Avery Esq. 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Lists of Votes for a Representative, for the first middle District 
of this Commonwealth, to the next Congress of the United 
States, from the Town of Boston, the other of the same tenor. 

Memorandum the Returns were put into the hands of the 
Secretary, by the Town Clerk. 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



1797 

[14.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in pub- 
lic Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
13 th . Day of March Anno Domini 1797. 9 O'Clock A. M. 

Prayer made by Rev d . Dr. Lothrop 

Warrant for calling Meeting - - read. 

Sundry Laws, to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly - - read. 

The Hon ble . Tho 8 . Dawes Esq. 
was chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 



8 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Town Clerk and the same having been brought in and 
counted, it appeared that 

William Cooper 

was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing and an Oath of 
Office was administred to him by Mr. Justice Vinal - - 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for nine Selectmen and upon sorting them it appears that 
the following Gentlemen were chosen. Viz*. 

Ezekiel Price Esq. (excused) 

Thomas Walley d. 

Deacon William Boardman d. 

M r . Ebenezer Sever -------- d. 

Thomas Crafts Esq. d. 

Thomas Edwards Esq. 

William Little 

David Tilden Esq. 

Russell Sturgis Esq. 

The Inhabitants brought in their [15] Votes for twelve Over- 
seers of the Poor ; on counting and sorting the same it appeared 
that 

Edward Procter Esq. 

John Sweetser Esq. 

Jonathan L. Austin 

Mr. Edward Edes 

Henry Hill Esq. 

Mr. William Smith 

William Phillips Esq. 

Stephen Gorham Esq. 

Mr. Oliver Brewster 

Arnold Wells Jun r . 

Dr. Retford Webster 

Mr. Thomas Perkins 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

Mr. Samuel Clap chosen Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing 
by a unanimous Vote. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for 16 Fire Wards, and 
the same having been sorted & counted it appeared that 
John Winthrop Esq. 
Thomas Melville Esq. 
Jabez Hatch Esq. 
Joseph Russell Esq. 
M r . Edward Edes 
Amasa Davis Esq. 
Samuel Parkman 
Mr. Russell Sturgis 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1797. 9 

Henry Jackson Esq. 
Cap 1 . Mungo Mackey (excused) 
William Scollay Esq. 
William Little Esq. 
[16.] Mr. James Tisdale 

Joseph May Esq. 
Cap 1 . Robert Gardner 
Maj r . Andrew Cunningham 
John May Esq. 
Deacon William Brown 
Cap 1 . Nathaniel Fellows 
Samuel Bradford Esq. 
Mr. William 8haw 
Mr. Joseph Mead 
Thomas H. Perkins Esq. 
John Winslow Esq. 
were chosen Fire- Wards for the Year ensuing. 

Mr. Samuel Clap 

chosen Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing unanimously and 
was sworn to the faithful discharge of his Office by the Town 
Clerk. 

Votes for a Treasurer of the County of Suffolk brought in, 
and counted by the Moderator and Town Clerk, when it appeared 
that the whole number was 222, of which 216 were for Mr. John 
Demming 4 for Mr. Clap, and 1 for William Cooper all discreet, 
suitable Persons being Freeholders and resident in said County. 
Sealed and delivered to Mr. Price Clerk of Sessions. 

Voted, that in addition to the Selectmen 12 Persons shall now 
be chosen as a School Committee and the Votes being brought in 
counted & sorted it appeared that the following Gentlemen were 
chosen 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. 

Rev d . Samuel West 

Dr. Thomas Welsh 
[17.] Rev d . Samuel Stillman D. D. excused. 

Hon ble . George Rich d . Minot Esq. 

Dr. David Townsend 

Dr. Aaron Dexter 

Mr. William Smith 

Dr. William Spooner 

Mr. Arnold Wells Jun r . 

Mr. Joseph Crocker 

Edward Gray Esq. 

Voted, that the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly are 
termed the School Committee, be and hereby are directed to carry 
THE NEW SYSTEM OF EDUCATION which has been adopted by the 
Town into operation and said Committee are also authorized and 



10 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

impowered conjunctly to manage and regulate the Officers and 
Government of the Schools, & in future to exercise all the 
Powers relating to the Schools & Schoolmasters, which the 
Selectmen or such Committees are authorized by the Laws of the 
Commonwealth, or the Votes of the Town to exercise any 
former Votes of the Town notwithstanding 

Messrs. Shubael Hews 

Benjamin Homans 
Thomas Stevenson 
Amos Lewis 
Jirah Holbrook 
Samuel White 
William Bosson 
Enoch May 
Abraham Tuckerman 
John Kennedy 
Samuel Dow 
Noah Butts 
were chosen Constables for the Year ensuing. 

[18.] Voted, that the Assessors be, and hereby are directed 
to sit for such abatements of Taxes as they shall Judge reasonable, 
two Days in each Week after the delivery of the Tax Books to 
the Collectors for the space of Six Weeks & no longer, saving 
they be allowed to sit the last Week in February, Lords Days 
excepted, for the abatement of the Taxes of such Persons as had 
not the opportunity of applying in the above limited time, by 
reason of their being out of this Commonwealth or any other 
unavoidable hindrance, and that the Assessors determine on the 
said two Days, which is to be noted on the Tax Bills, to be 
delivered the Inhabitants. 

The Votes being brought in for five Assessors it appeared that 
Gyles Harris Esq. 
Samuel Ruggles Esq. 
Mr. John R. Sigourney 
Mr. Caleb Blanchard 
Mr. Thomas Hitchborn 
were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, that 5 per cent be, and hereby are allowed to the Collec- 
tors of Taxes for the year ensuing, for all such sums of Money 
and public Securities as they shall collect & pay into the several 
Treasurers of the Sums committed to them to Collect, also that 
such Collectors shall give Bond with sufficient sureties to the 
satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful discharge of their 
duty in said Office, and complying with this Vote, and that they 
will not [19] receive any Premium or gratuity for discounting 
any Orders, Notes, or Receipts from the Treasurer of this State or 
the Treasurer of this Town. 



BOSTON TOWN RECOBDS, 1797. 11 

The Votes, being brought in for four Collectors of Taxes, it 
appeared that 

Messrs. Benjamin Henderson 
Thomas Bayley 
James Thompson 
Benjamin Jepson 
were chosen Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing. 

The consideration of Money matters referred to May Meeting. 

Voted, that Herman Brimmer 1 

Joseph Russell V Esqs. 
Samuel Brown ) 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Accompts 
of the Town Treasurer and also the Accounts of the Selectmen & 
Ovejseers of the Poor, and said Committee are also directed to 
Report the Sum necessary to be raised for the sendees of the 
present Year. 

Messrs. Joshua Bentley 

John Champney 

Benjamin Page 

John Cogswell 

Benjamin White 

Thomas Sherburne 

James Blake 

James Robbins 

Edmund Ranger 

William Clouston 
[SO.] William Darracut 

Nathaniel Tidmarsh 

were chosen Surveyors of Boards & Shingles for the Year 
ensuing. 

Messrs. Joseph Loring 

Thomas Barbour 
George Singleton 
Edward Burt 
Thomas Foster 
William Parkman 
John Bray 
Henry Purkitt, 
Jonathan Cushing 
James Barry 
Hezekiah Hutson 
Philip Hichborn 
Timothy Pease 
were chose Cullers of Staves and Hoops for the Year ensuing. 

Mr. Abraham Adams was chosen an Informer of Deer. 



12 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Messrs. Benjamin White 
Moses Ayres 
John Rice 
were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 

[21.] Messrs. Thomas Bradley 

David Hollis 
Matthew Loring 
Nathaniel Copeland 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 

Messsr. Jeffry Richardson 

Isaac P. Davis 
were chose Surveyors of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 

Edward Tuckerman Esq. 
Mr. Edward Edes 
were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing. 


Messrs. Daniel Bell 

George Hamlin 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. Edward Jones 
Francis Booth 
George Hamlin 
were chose Hay wards for the Year ensuing. 

The Selectmen 
were chose Surveyors of High Ways for the Year ensuing. 

[21*.] Messrs. Joshua Wetherly 

John Wells 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

Mr. Edward Rumley 
was chosen an Inspector of Stone Lime for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. Roger Bartlet 
Joseph Doble 
David Brace 
were chose Cullers of dry Fish for the Year ensuing. 

Thomas Walley Esq. 
having declined serving in the Office of Selectman. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given Mr. Walley for 
his good and faithful services as Selectman a number of Years 
past. 

Thomas Crafts Esq. & Mr. Boardman having also declined 
serving as Selectmen the Thanks of the Town was Voted them in 
like manner. 

Adjourned to 3 O. Clock P. M. 

* So numbered in original. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1797. 13 

3. O. Clock P. M. Town met. 

Messrs. John Gushing 
Thomas Neil 
Samuel L. Perkins 

[22.] Martin Ricker Jun r . 

John Somes 
James Andrews 
Augustus Hunt 
John Osborn 
James Hall 
Thomas Oliver 
John Hancock 
Uriah Cotting 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

Article in Warr*. relative to Wooden Buildings read & referred 
to May Meeting. 

Article in Warrant relative to Bread, read whereupon 

Voted, that Thomas Walley Esq. 

Charles Jarvis Esq. 

Joseph Russell Esq. 

be a Committee to consider this Article and the Petition & to Re- 
port at the Adjournment. 

Article relative to a Post being placed near Ann Street read 
& a Committee was appointed to make Report. but on 
Motion it was reconsidered ; also on Motion 

Voted, to reconsider the late Vote of the Town for placing a 
Post leading from Town Dock to Ann Street. 

[23.] The Petition of Asa Fuller & others for Lease of 
Land on the Neck. read, also the Article in the Warrant 
' Whether measures shall be taken for the improvement of the 
Lands, each side the Neck also the Article, what measures 
shall be pursued to prevent the Water overflowing the N. West 
side of the Neck ", also what measures shall be taken respecting 
the Contract & Lease made by the Town of part of said Lands 
with and to John May & others, whereupon 

Voted, that William Eustis Esq. 
Hon. Thomas Dawes Esq. 
Thomas Crafts Esq. 
George Blake Esq. 
Samuel Brown Esq. 
Perez Morton Esq. 
Joseph Russell Esq. 



14 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take the aforegoing 
Petition and Articles into consideration & Report at the Adjourn- 
ment. 

The Petition of Henry Hill & others on various subjects, 
respecting the Interest of the Town was read whereupon it 
was 

-Voted, that Hon b . James Sullivan Esq. 

John Coffin Jones Esq. 

Henry Hill Esq. 

Benjamin Austin Jun r . Esq. 

Judge Minot 

Arnold Wells Jun r . 

John Lowell Jun 1 . Esq. 

[24.] be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take the 
aforegoing Petition & Articles into consideration, and to Report 
thereon at the adjournment. 

Messrs. Jirah Holbrook 

Cap*. Joseph Gleason 
William Jennings 
Thomas Better 
Isaac Tuckerman 
were chose Sealers of Wood for the ensuing Year. 

The Article in the Warrant viz. " To consider whether any 
or what measures the Town will adopt to prevent the erection of 
other Rope Walks on the Ground at West Boston, where they 
stood before the late Fire, was read whereupon 

Voted that Thomas Walley Esq. 

Thomas Crafts Esq. 

Mr. Thomas Dennie 

Mr. Charles Miller 

Hou ble . John Coffin Jones Esq. 

Mr. Edward Edes 

General Donnison 

be a Committee to take this matter into consideration and 
Report at the Adjournment. 

The matter of Lamps, as to lighting, & referred to the Gentle- 
men Selectmen 

[25.] The Article as to Bulls, read whereupon 

Voted that this matter be referred to the Selectmen to pro- 
ceed as usual. 

Cap*. Mungo Mackay having resigned as a Fire Ward had a 
Vote of Thanks for his good services while in that office. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1797. 15 

Adjourned to Monday Fortnight, being the 27. Ins*. 10 
O Clock A : M : 

Monday the 27. March, 10. O Clock; Met according to 
Adjournment 

Mr Price resigns as a Selectman, whereupon 

Voted that Ezekiel Price Esq. have the Thanks of the Tpwn 
for his long & faithful services as a Selectman. 

Judge Minot & Dr. Townsend resigned from School Comm 66 . 
& had the Thanks of the Town for their good services a number 
of Years past. 

The inhabitants having brought in their Votes for four Select- 
men it appeared that 

Abiel Smith Esq. 

Mr. Jonathan Harris 

Cap*. Joseph Howard' 

Amasa Davis Esq. 
were chosen. 

[26.] The Votes brought in for one Fire Ward, when it 
appeared that Mr. Levi Lane was chosen. 

On Motion for the choise of twelve tything Men, it was Voted, 
that the consideration of this matter be referred to the General 
Town Meeting in May next. 

The Committee on the Petition relative to the Rope Walks at 
West Boston, have attended that service and beg leave to Report 
that the Assurance they have from the Proprietors in addition to 
the late Law "to secure the Town of Boston against Fires" 
makes it unnecessary for the Town to adopt any further measures 
respecting the said Rope Walks 

Thomas Crafts per order. 

The aforegoing Report having been read & debated the 
Question was put, Whether the same shall be accepted passed 
in the affirmative, and the Petitioners have leave to withdraw 
their Petition. 

Two Deeds of Mr. Allen Crocker & c . were laid before the 
Town, said Deeds conveying to the Town a small piece of Land 
to enlarge Vincents Lane so called, conditioned, that the Street 
should be named Franklin Street, were referred to the Selectmen 
they to take such measures as they shall judge necessary. 

[27.] The Committee appointed to consider the Petition of 
Asa Fuller & others for Lease of Lands on the Neck and whether 



16 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

measures shall be taken for the improvement of the Land each 
side the Neck and also what measures shall be taken to pre- 
vent the Water from overflowing the west side of the neck 
and also what measures shall be taken respecting the contract 
and Lease made by the Town of part of said Land, with and to 
John May & others ask leave to Report. 
That previous to a general disposition of the very valuable prop- 
erty of the Town, lying on each side of the neck, it is expedient 
that an accurate map of the same should be taken, and this they 
recommend, that the Selectmen should be requested to have exe- 
cuted immediately, and as the Committee have not had opportu- 
nity to ascertain the whole of the Land which is the property of 
the Town at the present time & of course are, not ready to sug- 
gest the most expedient & profitable arrangement which can be 
made of it, they ask leave to sit again, And in the mean time as 
it is not probable the Town can proceed to an immediate division 
and appropriation of the said Lands. 

The Committee recommend that the Selectmen should be author- 
ized to continue the Lease of the Land occupied by Asa Fuller 
and others as a Candle Manufactory for the term of one Year 
and at the expiration of this Lease, that he be authorized to 
remove the Buildings erected by him and his associates on the 
said Land, And that the Selectmen be further authorized to 
lease for the [28] term of one Year all other Lands belonging 
to the Town and lying on both sides of the Neck on Terms most 
advantageous to the Town, The Lessees to keep the fences in 
good repair, to guard and cultivate the Trees which are standing, 
and to supply those which are deficient, and in case the Town 
shall resume its rights to any part of the Lands within the Year, 
for the purpose of Streets or Building Lots a reasonable deduc- 
tion to be made for the same With respect to the overflowing 
of the Water on the N. west side, the Comm 68 are of [the opinion] 
that the repairing of the wall now about to be effected by John 
May & others, the present Lessees, will be sufficient for the pur- 
pose And the Comm 66 . are of opinion that the Town should 
instruct the Selectmen to guard against, the continuance of a 
Slaughter-house which now stands on a Lot of the Towns Land, 
on the south side of the Neck, as they conceive the same to be 
injurious to the health of the Inhabitants. 

William Eustis p r . Order. 

The aforegoing Report having been read, and considered 
the Question was put Viz*. " Whether said Report be accepted 
Passed in the affirmative and the Comm ee have leave to set 
again. 

The Committee's, Report on the Petition of Henry Hill Esq. 
and others. 

[29.] Town meeting by adjournment March 27. 1797. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1797. 17 

The Committee to whom was referred the Petition of Henry Hill 
& others, & who were also directed to Consider & report, what 
measures might with propriety be pursued, in order to protect the 
Inhabitants against Burglaries & Thefts, beg leave to Report. 

That no late alteration has been made in the authority dele- 
gated to the Selectmen to establish the assize of Bread, and they 
do not find that it is necessary to adopt any measures, at present, 
on that subject. 

Upon considering the Article in the said Petition which relates to 
the adoption of Hearses at Funerals, the Committee do not per- 
ceive any advantage, which will probably result from any resolu- 
tion of the Town upon that subject. 

The gloomy pageantry, & Useless [parade] founded in the manners 
and habits of the barbarous ages and hitherto adopted on the 
meloncholly occasions, have been gradually wearing away; and 
the Comm 66 . are convinced, that the prudent reflections, and cool 
reasoning of a Republican, and enlightened Community, will 
much better produce the remedy wished for, than any positive 
regulations in the nature of Sumptuary Laws. 

As to all other matters mentioned in said Petition, the Committee 
are happy to Report, that the [3O] Laws now in being, including 
the by laws of the Town, are amply sufficient if they are duly 
executed, to remedy every evil complained of. 

Under this idea, and upon all the other matters referred to 
them, the Committee ask leave to submit a general Report for 
the Consideration of the Town. that there is a necessity to 
establish some easy, prompt, respectable, and expedient manner 
of trying causes, and inflicting punishments, in order to render 
the Inhabitants secure from the depredations of evilly disposed, 
idle, and vagrant Persons, and in order to carry the wholesome 
Laws against monopolies, forestalling, nuisances, frauds, and 
cheats of every description, as well as the good and well adapted 
by laws of the Town into effectual Execution. 

A very great proportion of the offences, with which the Town 
are now alarmed, cannot, under the Constitution of the Common- 
wealth, be tried by a Justice of the Peace. The Court of Sessions 
is holden but once in a quarter of an Year, and the Emoluments 
of the Office of a Justice of the Sessions, are not such as will 
induce Men to spend time in order to obtain that information in 
matters of Jurisprudence, which is necessary to an effectual 
energetic, execution of the Laws. 

Besides this, the mode of Prosecution is so prolix & dilatory, 
that the Prosecutor is a sufferer in many instances, nearly equal 
to the person prosecuted. 



18 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The expence of holding Prisoners for trial, and the impractica- 
bility of detaining Witnesses, are great discouragements to those 
who attempt to enforce [31] the Execution of the Laws, and as 
great encouragements to those who violate them, and who by 
these means frequently escape with impunity. 

The Committee are therefore of opinion that the Town ought 
to appoint Agents to Petition the Legislature, for the purpose of 
obtaining an Act, for establishing a Court for the Town of Boston, 
to be holden by one able and discreet Judge, appointed according 
to the Constitution by the Supreme Executive, on the first Monday 
in every Month, with power to adjourn from day to day and 
that the same Court shall have cognizance of all offences, and 
crimes committed within the Town of Boston to which a capital 
punishment is not anaexed, And shall have power also, to try 
all offences against the By Laws of the Town, frauds, deceits, 
monopolies, forestalling, regrading [regarding?] thefts, nuisances, 
and breaches of the Peace. 

And also, to enquire into and execute the Laws against Vagrants, 
and those against Lewdness, Bawdy houses and other disorderly 
places, atfd to possess such Powers as the Legislature from time 
to time, shall think proper to invest the same Court with. 
that the said Court shall have power to summon a petit Jury, 
where the Constitution and Laws shall render it necessary. And 
for the ease of the Citizens of the Town, that the standing grand 
Jurors annually chosen shall be increased so as that the whole 
number within the Town may be fifteen, and that they may be 
summoned at the Town Court, and be there impannelled as a 
Grand Jury, with all the Powers incident to that body, by the 
Constitution & Laws. 

[32.] That the Town be authorized to choose an advocate 
annually, who shall have power, and whose duty it shall be to 
receive Complaints, draw bills, file informations, and conduct 
prosecutions, in the Court according to the Laws, in being, By 
Order of the Committee. 

Ja Sullivan Chairman 

The aforegoing Report having been read was approved of and 
accepted by the Town also 

Voted that the Committee who made this Report Viz 1 . 

Hon ble . James Sullivan Esq. 

Hon ble . John Coffin Jones Esq. 

Henry Hill Esq. 

Hon ble . Benjamin Austin Jun r . Esq. 

Hon ble . George Rich d . Minot Esq. 

Arnold Wells Jun r . 

John Lowell Jun r . Esq. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1797. 19 

be, and hereby are appointed the Committee or Agents to Petition 
the Legislature for obtaining an Act to affect the purposes men- 
tioned in said Petition. 

Committee relative to Bakers Reported, & their Report was not 
accepted but on Motion it was Voted, to be the sense of the 
Town that the Assize Law on Bread be repealed, and that in 
future Bread be sold by weight. 

On Motion Voted, that the Selectmen be requested to insert an 
Article in the Warrant for next Town Meeting to take the sense 
of y e . Inhabitants on the expediency of having at all future 
Elections [33] a list of all the qualified Voters belonging to the 
Town. 

On Motion Voted, that 

All Matters unfinished at this Meeting be referred over to May 
Meeting, then to be acted upon & that this Meeting be adjourned 
to said Meeting. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to the Hon ble . 
Thomas Dawes Esq., the Moderator, for giving such dispatch to 
the Business of this Meeting. 

[34.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston, of twenty one Years of Age & upwards, qualified as the 
Constitution prescribes, and legally, in public Town Meeting 
Assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Monday the 3 d . Day of April, 
Anno Domini 1797. 

Prayer by the Rev d . Doctor Thatcher D : D : 
Warrant for calling Meeting - - read 

Paragraph of the Constitution, or Frame of Government relative 
to the choice of Gov r ., Lieu*. Governor, and Senators - - read. 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Vote would be 
received but such as were unfolded, and that they propose the 
Poll shall be closed at half past 1. O Clock, the Votes to be 
received at the Table, and the Bells to begin tolling at 1 . 
OClock. 

Persons Voted for as Governor, with the number of Votes for 

each Person ------- Viz 1 . 

His Honor Moses Gill Esq. 869 

Hon b . Increase Sumner Esq. 1054 

His Excellency Samuel Adams Esq. 1 

Hon bl . James Sullivan Esq. 27 

Hon bl . James Bowdoin Esq. 1 

Hon b . Elbridge Gerry Esq. 1 

Hon bl . Thomas Dawes Esq. 1 



20 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

[35.] Persons Voted for as Lieu*. Governor with the num- 
ber of Votes for each Person Viz 1 . 

His Honor Moses Gill Esq. 1062 

Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq. 788 

Hon b . Samuel Phillips Esq. 8 

Hon b . Increase Sumner 63 

Hon bl . James Sullivan 7 

M r . John Barret 1 

Hou ble . William Heath 6 

Hon b . Elbridge Gerry 1 

Charles Jarvis Esq. - 1 

Jonathan Mason Esq. i 

Persons Voted for as Senators for the County of Suffolk with 
the number of Votes for each Person Viz*. 

Hon bl . Thomas Dawes Esq. 1132 

Hon bl . Oliver Wendell Esq. 1918 

Hon b . Benjamin Austin Esq. 823 

Hon b . Theop 8 . Gushing Esq. 11 

Hon blc . James Bowdoin Esq. 808 

Jonathan Mason Esq. - 1845 

William Eustis Esq. _.-.._... 50 

Hon b . John Coffin Jones 1117 

Charles Jarvis Esq. 12 

John Sweetser Esq. - - 13 

Arnold Wells Jun r . 2 

John Duggan -- - 7 

John Magnor -- 9 

William Little Esq. 2 

John Codman Esq. 1 

Samuel Brown Esq. 2 

John Winthrop Esq. --_ 2 

Thomas Edwards Esq. 1 

[36.] Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as Gover- 
nor, Lie 1 . Governor, & Senators for the County of Suffolk were 
committed to the Secretary of the Commonwealth & the Inclosures 
sealed up in Town Meeting subscribed as follows Viz*. 

For John A very Esq. 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

The number of Votes for the Town of Boston for a Governor, 
Lie 1 . Governor, & four Senators for the County of Suffolk ; Cer- 
tified within and sealed up in Town Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[37.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified, & legally warned, in pub- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1797. 21 

lie Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 
11 th . Day of May, Anno Domini 1796, 10 oClock A. M. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Elliot 
Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read 

That part of the Constitution or Frame of Government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives - - read. 

Sundry Laws to be read at said Meeting were accordingly (or 
parts of them) - - read. 

The Town having determined by a Vote, to choose Seven Rep- 
resentatives to Represent them in the General Court of Massa- 
chusetts, to be held in the State House in Boston, on the last 
Wednesday of May Current, agreeable to the Constitution or 
Frame of Government for Massachusetts, the Inhabitants were 
directed by the Selectmen to withdraw & bring in their Votes, for 
Seven Representatives, and then it was declared by the Select- 
men that no Votes would be received but such as are unfolded, 
and that they propose the Poll shall be closed at half past one 
OClock ; the Assessors to attend at the delivery of Votes, & the 
Bells to begin tolling at 1 OClock, & continue tolling to the time 
half an Hour is expired 

[38.] The Votes being brought in for Seven Representatives, 
the number of the same were found to be 1582, and upon sort- 
ing them it appeared, that the following Seven Gentlemen had 
obtained a majority of Votes Viz 1 . 

Votes. 

William Eustis Esq. 1568 

William Little Esq. 1199 

John Codman Esq. - 1315 

Joseph Russell Esq. 1564 

Samuel Cooper Esq. - 896 

M r . William Smith 939 

M r . Arnold Wells Esq. 931 

The Votes, given in for such as did not obtain a Majority - Viz*. 

Votes. 

Perez Morton Esq r . 586 

Samuel Brown Esq r . 637 

Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq r . ------- 645 

George Blake Esq r . -- 545 

The scattering Votes as follows - - - - Viz 1 . 

Thomes Edwards Esq. 72 

Russell Sturgis Esq. 8 

Henry Hill Esq. 3 

David Green 5 



22 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

William Parsons ----- _ 5 

Thomas H. Perkins _.. 3 

Samuel Cobb - 5 

David Tilden - 3 

Joseph Head 2 

Peter Smink - 2 

David Townsend ----------- 3 

William Brown 2 

[39.] John Duggan 1 

Jonathan Mason Esq. -.._ 1 

John Winthrop Esq. 2 

Charles Jarvis Esq. ---------- 2 

Aaron Dexter Esq. - 1 

Joseph May --- __._ i 

Stephen Higginson Esq. 2 

Stephen Gorham Esq. --------- l 

Charles Vaugn -- 1 

Daniel Sargeant ---- 1 

William Cooper - -- 1 

William Spooner - 1 

R. Amory ------------- l 

John Sweetser 1 

Andrew Oliver -._ _ l 

Deacon Boardman 1 

Joseph Eaton ---- 1 

Nath 1 . Balch 1 

Thomas S. Boardman 1 

Daniel Messenger ----.-.-.. l 

Adjourned to 3 OClock P :M : 
3 O. Clock P. M. Met according to Adjournment. 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. 

was chosen Moderator of this Meeting, in order that the Town 
may proceed on transacting the other affairs mentioned in the 
Warrant the Adjournment of March Meeting being to the same 
time & place of [4O] this Meeting in order to choose Tything 
Men, if the Town Judge Proper. 

On Motion Voted, that when this Meeting is adjourned it shall 
be to Monday next & the business of the Adjournment pub- 
lished in all the News Papers for information of the Inhabitants. 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned to Monday next, 
being the 15 th . Ins 1 . 10 OClock A. M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1797. 23 

Monday May 15 1797. 10 OClock A. M. 
Met according to Adjournment. 

The Votes, being brought in for two selectmen it appeared that. 

Benjamin Austin Jun r . Esq. 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq. 
were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing. 

The Votes being brought in for two School Committee Men 
it appeared that 

David Green Esq. 

Rev*. John T. Kirkland 
were chosen. 

The choice of Tything Men referred to March Meeting. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*., To take the sense of the 
Town on the expediency of having at all future Elections a List 
of all the qualified [41] Voters belonging to the Town" was 
read & considered whereupon 

I 8t . Voted, That the Assessors be, and they hereby are directed 
to furnish the Select-men annually, and forty days at least before 
the first Monday in April, with a list of all the rateable Polls 
within the town, noting in said list, the names of all those per- 
sons who have had their taxes remitted. 

2 d> Voted that it shall be the duty of the Selectmen to cause 
to be made out annually, and ten days at least before the first 
Monday in April, and to have present at every town meeting 
convened for the election of Governor, IA Governor, Senators, & 
Representatives in the General Court, Representatives in Con- 
gress, and Electors of President & Vice President of the United 
States; a fair and Alphabetical list of all the Inhabitants of 
the Town, being Citizens, who by the Constitution and Laws of 
this, and the United States are qualified to Vote at such Elections. 

3 d . And in order to ascertain what constitutes qualified as such 
to vote at such election, it is understood first, that he was born 
in this, or some one of the United States and has not since 
become a Citizen or Subject of any foreign State or Kingdom ; 
secondly, that he has usually [resided] in this, or some one of the 
United States, from the time of the declaration of American 
Independence, or thirdly, that he has been naturalized according 
to law. 

[42.] 4 th . Voted, that no Person whose name shall not be 
contained in the before mentioned list shall be entitled to give in 
his Vote, unless he shall first produce satisfactory evidence to the 
Selectmen that he is duly qualified, and after receiving such satis- 



24 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

factory evidence, the Selectmen shall receive his Vote, and enroll 
his name on the list. 

5 th . Voted that the Town Clerk shall publish the foregoing 
Votes in the public news papers of the week next preceding the 
first Monday in April, until the further order of the Town. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " To consider what meas- 
ures shall be taken with regard to watching the Town" read 
and committed for consideration to 

William Eustis Esq. 
Perez Morton Esq. 
Col. Revere 
Col. Winslow 
to report thereon at the Adjournment. 

The Petition of Aaron Jaquish & Abraham French read & 
Committed to. 

Col. Proctor 

Maj r . Russell 

Maj r . Melvill 
to consider & Report thereon at the Adjournment. 

[43.] The Petition of M r . Samuel Hunt Master of the Latin 
Grammar School that an allowance may be made him for House 
Rent read & referred to the School Committee 

Petition relative to out Door Auctions read & committed to 

Deacon Brown 
Joseph Russell Esq. 
Col. Proctor 
to consider, and Report thereon at the Adjournment. 

The Article relative to fixing Sign Posts at Corner of Streets, 
Lanes & with the Name of such Streets read & referred for 
consideration to the Committee relative to Out Door Auc- 
tions & 

Voted, on Motion that 

D r . Nathaniel Noyes 

John Andrews Esq. 

Mr. Samuel Whitwell 

Maj r . Bradley 

Col. Revere 

be a Committee to view & consider the State of the Fish Mar- 
kets & Report thereon at the Adjournment. 

The Committee to Audit the Town Treasurers Accounts have 
attended that service and Report, they find the Accounts well 
vouched, and right cast, that there was due to the Town the 30 th . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1797. 



25 



April Ult. if the out standing Debts can [44] be collected, 
exclusive of $17382.74 appropriated 

c. m. 

to build a new alms house -------- $33230.53.9 

from which deduct, Town Powder - 1041.94.5 
E. Brown 41. 11. 2 Acco*. 
In*. 1601.97.1 Rents 76 



1719.8.3 



& for Aba 1 . & Collectors on 96 Tax say - 5.000. 



7761.2.8 



which reduces the bal. to ........ 25,469.51.1 

There is due from the Collector on '96 Tax ..... Viz*. 
Thomas Bayley - - - - 13314.46 



Benj a . Henderson - 
Benj a . Jepson 
Ja 8 . Thompson - 



11230.16 
13462.25 
13048.84 

$51055.71 



Your Committee are of opinion the following are the necessary 
Sums wanted for the Current Years expences Viz. - - 



$10000 - - 

1000 - - 

3000 - - 

2700 - - 

4000 - - 

666 - - 

666 - - 

300 - - 

33 - - 

150 - - 

50 - - 

50 - - 

275 - - 

300 - - 

7000 - - 

6000 - - 

16600 - - 



for School Masters & Ushers 
to repair Schools, Wood & &c 
for Watchman, Candles & Coal, 
Assessors pay & allowances 
Lamps Oil Lighters &c 
Town Clerks Salary 
Town Treasurer d. 
Messenger to Selectmen 
Clerks of the Market 
Constables Services 
Reparing Clocks 
Premiums to Engine Men 
Printing & Stationary 
Ringing Bells 
Paving Streets 
Incidental Charges visit 8 . 

Schools & 
Overseers drafts 



deduct what 
may be rec d . for 
States Poor suppose 



47.390 
3.390 - - $44.000 



[45,] Your Committee recommend that a Tax of 44.000 be 
laid for the present Years Expences they annex the Treasurers 
General Account and a tryal balance of his Books, all which is 
respectfully submitted by your Committee. 

Herman Brimmer 

Joseph Russell Jun r . 

Samuel Brown 



26 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The aforegoing Account having been considered the Ques- 
tion was put Whether the same be accepted Passed in the 
Affirmative. 

Voted, that the Sum of Forty thousand Dollars be raised by a 
Tax, to be assessed on the Polls & Estates of the Inhabitants of 
the Town to defray the Expences of the Current Year. 

Voted, that the Sum of Six hundred sixty six Dollars be 
allowed, and paid unto Samuel Clap for his Services as Town 
Treasurer the present Year the same to be paid him quarterly as 
it shall become due & to commence the 1 st . March last. 

Voted, that the Sum of Six hundred sixty six Dollars be 
allowed & paid unto William Cooper for his services as Town 
Clerk the present Year, the same to be paid him quarterly, as it 
shall become due, and to commence the I 1 . March last. 

Voted, that the Sum of Four hundred & thirty three Dollars 
be allowed to each of the Assessors for their respective services 
the present [46] Year the same to be paid them Quarterly as it 
shall become due & to commence the 1 st . March last 

Adjourned to Friday the 26. Ins 1 . 10 Clock A : M : - 
Friday the 26 May Ins 4 ., Met according to Adjournment. 

The Committee relative to Out Door Auctions & placing Sign 
Boards at the heads of Streets Reported 

That directions at the Corners of Streets, will be public Utility, 
& to reduce the multiplicity of Names, by calling a Street by one 
name only, till it terminates by some boundary, will render the 
direction less complex, & to make it easy to find the Store or 
Dwelling of any Inhabitants it will be necessary to number the 
Buildings from left to Right in relation thro each Street. 

This part of the Report accepted by the Town & it was Voted, 
that the consideration of what relates to Out Door Auctions 
subside ( 

The Committee relative to Fish Stalls, Report. That they 
think it highly necessary for the safety & health of the Inhabi- 
tants, that no more Fish shall be exposed for sale in the Stall 
usually improved for that purpose, in Market Square, but that 
the Stalls be immediately shut up (the Salmon Stall included). 
After consideration it was Voted that this Report be accepted, 
also that it is the sense of the [47] Town not to provide 
places for Fish Stalls. 

The Committee on Ms. Jaquish & French Petition for the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1797. 27 

restoration of the Towns part of Powder seized read and con- 
sidered, whereupon Voted, that the Petitioners have leave to 
withdraw their Petition. 

The Selectmen a Committee on Mr. Samuel Hunt Petition, 
Reported that his Petition would be considered, when the other 
Salaries of the School Masters are to be taken up. 

The Votes being brought in for four Constables, when it 
appeared that. 

Messrs. Henry Cromston 
Samuel Gridley 
Andrew Townsend 
Uriah Moss, 
were chosen. 

Voted, that all matters unfinished be referred over to the next 
General Town Meeting that shall be called. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to the Hon ble . 
Thomas Dawes Esq., the Moderator for his good Services in the 
dispatch given the business of this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[48.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, duly qualified & legally warned, in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Thursday the 
fifteenth Day of June A.D. 1797., 10 O Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling Meeting read. 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz*, to consider the request of a 
number of the Inhabitants that the opinion of the Town may be 
taken as to the propriety and expediency of applying to the 
General Court, in this present Session, requesting them to repeal 
the Law entitled an Act to secure the Town of Boston against 
damages by Fire, passed the last General Court" was read & 
considered , whereupon 

Voted, that application be made to the General Court for the 
repeal of the said Act also 

Voted, that the Selectmen be requested to inform the Repre- 
sentatives of this Town of this Vote, & to desire them to use 
their influence in the General Court for the repeal of said Act. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



28 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

[49.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified, and legally warned in 
public Town Meeting, at Faneuil Hall, the 4 th . Day of July 
A.D. 1797. 

Warrant for calling Meeting read 

William Cooper was chosen Moderator. 

The Comm ee . appointed the last Year to make choice of a Gen- 
tleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Independence 
Reported, 

That they had made choice of John Callender Esq. 
who had accepted. 

On Motion Adjourn e'd to old Brick Meeting House 12. 
O,Clock. 

AN ORATION 

to commemorate, the Independence of the United States was 
delivered by John Callender Esq. at the Old Brick Meeting 
House. 

On Motion Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are 
appointed a Committee to wait on John Callender Esq., & in the 
name of the Town to Thank him for the elegant and spirited 
Oration this Day delivered by him at the request of the [5O] 
Town upon the Anniversary of the Independence of the United 
States of America, in which according to the Institution of the 
Town, he considered the feelings, manners & principles, which 
led to that great National event and to request of him a Copy 
thereof for the Press. 

On Motion Voted, that the Gentlemen Selectmen be and hereby 
are appointed a Committee to apply to some one learned & able 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 4 th . Day of July A. D. 
1798, that Day being the Anniversary of the Independence of 
the United States of America ; wherein the Orator is to consider 
the feelings, manners & principles which led to this great 
National event ; as well as the important & happy effects, 
whether General or Domestic ; which have already, or will forever 
flow, from that auspicious Epoch 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



1798. 

[51.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Monday the 
12. Day of March, Anno Domini 1798, 9 O.Clock A. M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1798. 29 

Prayer made by the Rev d . John Clark D. D. 
Warrant for calling Meeting - - read 

Sundry Laws to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly - - read 

The Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. was chosen Moderator by a 
Hand Vote. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their 
Votes for a Town Clerk, & the same having been brought in & 
counted, it appeared that 

William Cooper 

was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing, & an Oath of Office 
was administered by Mr. Justice Vinal. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their 
Votes for 9 Selectmen, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
the following Gentlemen were chosen - - Viz 1 . 

[52.] Mr. Ebenezer Sever 

Thomas Edwards Esq. 
William Little Esq. 
David Tilden Esq. 
Mr. Russell Sturgis 
Mr. Jonathan Harris 
Cap 1 . Joseph Howard 
Benjamin Austin Jun r . Esq. 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for 12 Overseers of the 
Poor. & the same being sorted and counted, it appeared that. 

Edward Procter Esq. 
John Sweetser Esq. 
Jonathan L. Austin Esq. 
Mr. Edward Edes 
Henry Hill Esq. 
William Smith Esq. 
William Phillips Jnn r . Esq. 
Stephen Gorham Esq. 
Mr. Oliver Brewster 
Arnold Wells Jun r . Esq. 
Dr. Redford Webster 
Mr. Thomas Perkins 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

Mr. Samuel Clap 
was chosen Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing unanimously. 



30 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

[53.] The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for 24 Fire 
Wards when it appeared that 

John Winthrop Esq. 
Thomas Melville Esq. 
Jabez Hatch Esq. 
Joseph Russell Esq. 
Mr. Edward Edes 
Amasa Davis Esq. 
Samuel Park man Esq. 
Mr. Russell Sturgis 
Henry Jackson 
William Scollay Esq. 
William Little Esq. 
Mr. James Tisdale 
Joseph May Esq. 
Cap*. Robert Gardner 
John May Esq. 
Deacon William Brown 
Cap*. Nathaniel Fellows 
Samuel Bradford Esq. 
Joseph Head 
Thomas H. Perkins Esq. 
John Winslow Esq. 
Cap 1 . Joseph Howard 
Benjamin Joy 
Mr. Stephen Codman 
were chosen Fire Wards for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. John C. Howard 
Daniel Sigourney 
John Avery Esq. 
Thomas Geyer 

[54.] Benjamin Hodgdon Jun r . 

Ebenezer Baker 
Seth Adams 
Rufus Davenport 
Ebenezer L. Boyd 
William Whitwell 
Charles Paine 
Edward Blake Jun r . 
were chosen Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

Adjourned to 3 OClock P : M. 

3 OClock P. M. Town Met. 

Messrs Joshua Bently 
Benjamin Page 
Benjamin White 
James Blake 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1798. 31 

John Cogswell 

Edward Ranger 

James Robbins 

Nath 1 . Tidmarsh 

William Darracot 

William Clouston 

Thomas Blake 

William Ellison 

were chosen Surveyors of Boards & Shingles for the Year ensu- 
ing, 

Messrs. Shubael Hews 

Thomas Stevenson 

Amos Lewis 

Jirah Holbrook 
[55.] Samuel White 

Enoch May 

Abraham Tuckerman 

Noah Butts 

John French 

William Low 

Samuel Gridley 
were chosen Constables for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, that in addition to the Selectmen 12 Persons shall now 
be chosen as a School Committee & the Votes being brought in, 
counted and sorted, it appeared that the following Gentlemen 
were chose. 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. 

Rev d . Samuel West 

Dr. Thomas Welsh 

Rev d . Samuel Stillman D. D. 

Dr. Aaron Dexter 

Mr. William Smith 

Dr. William Spooner 

Mr. Arnold Welles Jun r 

Edward Gray Esq. 

David Greene Esq. 

Rev d . J. T. Kirkland 

Rufus G. Amory Esq. 

Voted, that the above named Gentlemen, who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen, are termed the School Committee, be and hereby 
are directed to carry, THE NEW SYSTEM OF EDUCATION which has 
been adopted by the Town into operation and s d . committee 
[56] are also authorized & impowered conjunctly to manage & 
regulate the Officers and Government of the Schools, & in future 
to exercise all the Powers relating to the Schools and School- 
masters which the Selectmen or such Committees are authorized 
by the Laws of the Commonwealth, or the Votes of the Town to 
exercise ; any former Votes of the Town Notwithstanding 



32 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are directed to set for 
such abatements of taxes, as they shall Judge reasonable, two 
days in such Weeks after the delivery of the Tax Books to the 
Collectors for the space of six Weeks & no longer, saving they 
be allowed to sit the last Week in February, Lords day excepted, 
for the abatement of the taxes of such Persons as had not the 
opportunity of applying in the above limited time, by reason of 
their being out of this Commonwealth, or any other unavoidable 
hindrance, and that the Assessors determine on the said two days, 
which is to be noted on the tax Bill to be delivered the Inhabi- 
tants. 

Voted, that 5 P Cent be & hereby are allowed to the Collectors of 
Taxes, for the Year ensuing for all such Sums of Money & public 
Securities as they shall collect & pay into the several Treas- 
urers of the sum committed to them [57] to collect. Also that 
such Collectors shall give bond with sufficient sureties to the sat- 
isfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful discharge of their Duty 
in said Office, and complying with this Vote ; and that they will 
not receive any Premium or Gratuity for discounting any Orders, 
Notes, or Receipts from the Treasurer of this State, or the Treas- 
urer of this Town. 

Votes, for a Treasurer of the County of Suffolk brought in and ' 
counted by the Moderator and Town Clerk, when it appeared 
that the whole number was 316., of which 311. were for Mr. 
Ebenezer Sever & 5 for Mr. Samuel Clap, both discreet suitable 
persons being Freeholders, & residents in said County, Sealed & 
delivered Mr. Price Clerk Sessions. 

Voted, that Herman Brimmer 

Joseph Russell 

Samuel Brown Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Accompts 
of the Town Treasurer, and also the Accompts of the Selectmen 
& Overseers of the Poor, and said Committee are also directed 
to report the Sum necessary to be raised for the sendees of the 
present Year. 

[58.] The votes being brought in for five Assessors it 
appeared that only, 

Gyles Harris Esq. 

Mr. John R. Sigourney 

Mr. Caleb Blanchard 

Mr. Ebenezer Seaver 
were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. Thomas Bradley 
David Hollis 
Matthew Loring 
Tho 8 . Sullivan 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1798. 33 

Messrs. Benjamin White 
Moses Ayers 
Dan 1 . Ingersol 
were chose fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. Daniel Bell 

George Hamlin 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. Edward Jones 
George Hamlin 
Benjamin Simpson 
were chose Haywards for the Year ensuing. 

[59.] Mr. Edward Rumley 

was chosen an Inspector of Stone Lime for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. Jeffry Richardson 

Isaac P. Davis 
were chose Surveyors of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 

Edward Tuckerman Esq. 
Mr. Edward Edes 
were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. Roger Bartlett 
Joseph Doble 
Jonathan Gushing 
were chose Cullers of Dry Fish for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. Joshua Weatherby 

John Wells 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

The Selectmen 
were chose Surveyors of High Ways for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, that all Money matters be referred to May Meeting. 

On Motion 

Voted, that the Gentlemen, [6O] the Overseers of 
the Poor be a Committee to confer with the Committee for Build- 
ing an Alms House, & Report at the Adjournment. 

Adjourned to 3. O Clock P. M. 
3. O Clock P : M. Met according to Adjournment. 

Messrs. Howard, Sever & Sturgis who have been rechosen as 
Selectmen, wished the Town to excuse them by their respective 



34 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Letters from Serving in that Office for reasons offered, but they 
were desired to take their seats again, as Selectmen, at least 
until the Adjournment. 

Article in the "Warrant Viz*. ' ' To consider the request of the 
Assessors that some further compensation may be made them for 
their services tbe past Year read, & the Question being put 
passed in the negative. 

The Article in the Warrant viz " To take into Consideration a 
late law of this Commonwealth entitled "An Act to prevent the 
spread of Contagious Distempers," And to determine whether 
they will choose & appoint a health Committee, or one person as 
a health Officer, according to Law was read whereupon 

Voted, the Hon 1 *. Thomas Dawes Esq. 

William Cooper 

Dr. Joseph Warren 

Dr. William Eustis 

[61.] be a Committee to take up & Report of this Article at the 
Adjournment. 

The Article in the Warrant, viz*. Whether it shall be judged 
necessary that the Selectmen shall appoint one or more suitable 
persons, for measurers of Wood & Bark, brought into Town for 
sale, according to a late law of this Commonwealth was read, 
as also the late law referred to, whereupon Moved, & 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to follow the directions 
of the Law mentioned in said Article. 

The Article in the Warrant viz 1 . To consider the request of 
the Fishermen who have stands on the Dock, that they may be 
assisted by the Town to obtain others more advantageous to the 
Inhabitants, and themselves, than those which they now improve," 
read, whereupon 

Voted that John Andrews Esq. 
Col. Waters 

Mr. Samuel Whitwell Jun r . 
Col. Bradford 
Col. Revere 

be a Committee to consider the matter, & Report at the Adjourn- 
ment. 

The Article in the Warrant viz*. 

[62. ] To appoint a Committee to confer with a Committee of 
the General Court respecting the disposal of the Old State House " 
was read, whereupon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1798. 35 

Voted, that William Eustis Esq. 

Josiah Waters Esq. 

William Smith Esq. 

be & hereby are authorized & directed to confer with said Com- 
mittee of General Court & Report at the Adjournment. 

Article in the Warrant viz 1 ., To take into consideration the 
expediency of selling by Auction the Stands in the Market, or 
any other measures for the regulation of the same, was read 
whereupon 

Voted, that John Vinal Esq. 

Col. Winslow 

Col. Waters, 

Sam 1 . Brown Esq. 

Benjamin Austin Jun r . 

be a Committee to consider this matter & Report at the Adjourn- 
ment. 

The Article in the Warrant viz 1 . To consider the request of 
a number of Black Persons relative to the education of their 
Children was read and a Motion made that this request be 
committed & the Question being put passed in the affirma- 
tive. 

[63.] The Votes being brought in for four Collectors of 
Taxes, it appeared that 

Messrs. Benjamin Henderson 
Thomas Bayley 
James Thompson 
Benjamin Jepson 
were chose Collectors for the Year ensuing. 

On Motion Voted, that 12 OClock AM at the Adjournment of 
this Meeting be assigned for the choice of another Assessor. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. What steps shall be taken to 
prevent dead Carcasses being thrown into the Mill Pond was 
read whereupon moved & 

Voted, that Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. 

William Cooper 

John Warren Esq. 

William Eustis Esq. 

a Committee relative to Health be a Committee to consider & 
Report thereon at the Adjournment. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. To prevent the Sale of Oysters 
in the Summer Months, read and committed to the above named 
Comm ee . viz*. 



36 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Hon b . Thomas Dawes Esq. 

William Cooper 

John Warren Esq. 

William Eustis Esq. 

who are desired to consider, & Report thereon at the Adjourn- 
ment. 

[64.] Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday 
the 21 st . of March Ins 1 ., then to meet in this place 9. OClock 
A.M & it was accordingly Adjourned. 

Wednesday the 21. of March 1798., 9. OClock A.M. Met 
according to Adjournment. 

Mr. Nathaniel Tucker 
chosen a Clerk of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. Joseph Loring 
Thomas Barbour 
George Singleton 
Edward Burt 
Thomas Foster 
William Parkman 
John Bray 
Henry Purkitt 
Jonathan Gushing 
James Barry 
Hezekiah Hutson 
Philip Hichborn 
Timothy Pease 
Job Wheelwright Jun r . 
William Fenno 
were chosen Cullers of Boards & Staves for the Year ensuing. 

Votes, brought in for one Constable, & no one having a ma- 
jority of Votes, the choice of one is referred to May Meeting. 

[65.] Committee relative to Stalls in the Market Reported, 
and the same having been read, it was moved & Voted, that the 
Report be recommitted & the Committee are directed to have said 
Report printed, & dispersed among the Inhabitants & they are 
requested to Report again at the Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to take into Consideration a late law 
of this Commonwealth, entitled, an Act to prevent the spreading 
of contagious distempers, And whether the Town will appoint a 
health Committtee or one person as a health Officer. " And what 
steps shall be taken to prevent dead Carcasses, or other 
Nuisances being thrown in the Mill Pond, And to prevent the 
sale of Oysters in the summer Months, Ask leave to Report as 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1798. 37 

their Opinion first, that it is expedient for the town to appoint 
one person as a health Officer agreeably to the Law before 
mentioned, And that it be a part of his duty to prevent dead 
carcasses, & other nuisances being thrown into the Mill 
Pond, & to cause any to be removed on Complaint of any of 
the Inhabitants, and that the Selectmen be requested to cause 
enquiry to be made into the right of the Proprietors of the Mill 
Pond to shut the flood Gates at West Boston, & to take suitable 
measures for opening the same in order that the health of the 
Inhabitants may be promoted ; Second, That it is expedient for 
the Town to pass a by Law prohibiting the [66] Sale of Oysters 
within the Town, in the months of June, July & August which 
is submitted 
Boston March 21. 1798. Tho 8 . Dawes P. Order. 

The aforegoing Report having been read & considered was 
accepted by the Town. 

On Motion Voted, that the Selectmen be the Health Committee. 

The Committee relative to new Alms house, & c . Reported, & 
the consideration referred to May Meeting. 

The Votes being brought in for one Assessor, & the same 
being sorted & counted it appeared that 

Col. John Kurd 
was chosen an Assessor for the Year ensuing 

The choice of any further Selectmen referred to May Meeting. 

The Committee appointed by the Town to Consider the Request 
of the Fishermen have attended that Business, Consulted the 
Petitioners, & Confered with the Proprietors of the Dock, who 
are disposed to accommodate the Fishermen in a manner that will 
be agreeable & Satisfactory to all Parties 
Wednesday 21 8t . March 98) John Andrews P. Order 

[67.] The aforegoing Report was read and accepted by 
the Town. 

On Motion Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Wednes- 
day the 4 Day of April next 10 O Clock, & it was accordingly 
Adjourned. 

Wednesday the 4 th . April 10 O Clock P. M. Met according 
to Adjournment. 

The Report of the Committee relative to the Regulations of the 
Market, was again read, and considered by Paragraphs, & after 
amendment the same was accepted by the Town but on 
Motion 



38 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Voted, that said Report be again referred to said Committee, 
to give it such correction, & to make such additions as they may 
Judge necessary, & to Report to the Town at May Meeting. 

The late Vote relative to Fish Market was reconsidered, & 
said Matter referred to same Committee 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given the Hon ble . 
Thomas Dawes Esq., the Moderator for the dispatch given to the 
business of this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[68.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston, of twenty one Years of Age & upwards, qualified as the 
Constitution prescribes, & legally warned in public Town Meet- 
ing Assembled, at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 2 d Day of April, 
Anno Domini 1798. 

Prayer by the Rev d . Mr. Baldwin. 
Warrant for calling Meeting - - read 

Paragraph of the Constitution or Frame of G-overment relative 
to the choice of Governor, Lieu*. Governor & Senators - read 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Vote would be 
received but such as are unfolded, & that they purpose the Poll 
shall be closed at half past one O Clock The Votes to be received 
at the Table, and the Bell to begin tolling at 1. OClock. 

Persons VOTED for as GOVERNOR with the number of Votes for 
each Person. Viz*. 

Votes 

His Excellency Increase Sumner - - - - - 1461 

Hon ble . James Sullivan Esq. 103 

Hon ble . Edward H. Robins Esq. 2 

His Honor Moses Gill Esq. 2 

[69.] Hon ble . William Heath Esq. 6 

Hon ble . Benjamin Austin Jun r . Esq. - - - - 1 

Mr. Asa Penniman 3 

Hon 1 * 5 . Benjamin Austin Esq. 2 

Hon 1 *. James Bowdoin Esq. - 1 

Persons voted for as Lie*. Governor with the number of votes 
for each Person. .--. Viz 1 . 

His Honor Moses Gill Esq. 1557 

Hon be . William Heath Esq. 8 

Hon be . James Bowdoin Esq. 9 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1798. 39 

Hon 1 *. Samuel Phillips Esq. 1 

Hon 1 *. Stephen Higginson Esq. ------ i 

Jonh Vinal Esq. -.._. 3 

John S. Lilley 1 

Persons VOTED for as SENATORS for the County of Suffolk, with 
the number of Votes for each Person. 

Votes 

Hon 1 *. Thomas Dawes Esq. 1 280 

Hon 1 *. Oliver Wendell Esq. 1574 

. Benjamin Austin Jun. Esq. 10 

. John Coffin Jones Esq. 1283 

. James Bowdoin Esq. 298 

Hon 1 *. Thomas Davis Esq. 1279 

William Tudor Esq. -----_.__ 299 

John Codman Esq. - .._ 282 

William Eustis Esq. --- 9 

[7O.] Charles Jarvis Esq. 3 

Michael Moses Hayes 1 

Perez Morton Esq. 1 

Mr. Russell Sturgis --_ 1 

John Sweetser Esq. --------- 2 

Mr. John Wear 1 

Mr. Andrew Townsend -----.._ 2 

Mr. Amos Lewis ---------- 3 

Mr. John Peters 2 

Harrison Gray Otis Esq. --- 1 

Dr. Black Peter 1 

Capt. Nickerson 2 

P. A. Serreson -------._.- i 

Thomas Edwards Esq. 1 

Edward Blake 2 

Hon 1 *. James Sullivan Esq. 2 

Attested Copies of the Persons VOTED for as GOVERNOR, Lieu*. 
GOVERNOR, & SENATORS, for the County of Suffolk were com- 
mitted to the Secretary of the Commonwealth & the Inclosure 

sealed up in Town Meeting subscribed as follows - - - Viz*. 

For John Avery Esq. 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The number of Votes for the Town of Boston for a Governor 
Lieu*. Governor & four Senators for the County of Suffolk Certi- 
fied within, and sealed up in Town Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[71.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, duly qualifyed & legally warned in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 
15 th . Day of May, A.D. 1798, 10 OClock A.M. 



40 CITY DOCUMENT Xo. 115. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . Dr. Parker 
Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read 

That part of the Constitution or Frame of Government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives read. 

The Town having determined by a Vote to choose Seven Rep- 
resentatives to Represent them in the General Court of Massa- 
chusetts, to be held in the State House in Boston, on the last 
Wednesday of May Current, agreeably to the Constitution or 
Frame of Government for Massachusetts, the Inhabitants were 
directed by the Selectmen to withdraw and bring in their Votes 
for Seven Representatives, and then it was declared by the 
Selectmen that no Votes would be received but such as are 
unfolded, and that they purpose the Poll shall be closed at past 
1 . OClock, the Assessors to attend at the delivery of Votes, & 
the Bell to begin tolling to the time of % an Hour is Expired. 

The Votes being brought in for Seven Representatives, the 
number of the same were found to be [72] 1296. and upon 
sorting them it appeared, that the following Seven Gentlemen 
had obtained a Majority of Votes. Viz*. 

Votes 

John Codman Esq. 974 

Joseph Russell Esq. 1058 

Arnold Wells Jun r . 1048 

William Smith Esq. 1027 

Mr. Samuel Cobb 875 

John Lowell Jun r . Esq. 896 

Joseph May Esq. 840 

The Votes given in for such as did not obtain a Majority Viz*. 

William Eustis Esq. 498 

Stephen Gorham Esq. --------- 77 

Samuel Parkman Esq. 77 

Rufus Amory 45 

William Tudor 25 

Deacon J Magner 12 

William Spooner 30 

Maj r . Benjamin Russell -13 

John Duggan 12 

William Little Esq. 10 

Hon ble . Stephen Higginson Esq. 13 

Herman Brimmer 9 

& 83 other Scattering Votes. 

The choice of Representatives being over & declared by the 
Selectmen. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting in order that the Town 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1798. 41 

may proceed in transacting the [73] other affairs mentioned in 
the Warrant. 

Adjourned to 3 OClock P.M. 

3 O Clock P :M : Met according to Adjournment. 

Committee on Town Treasurers Account asked leave to Report 
at the Adjournment. 

Mr. Sever, Mr. Howard, & Mr. Sturgis having resigned as 
Selectmen had the Thanks of the Town for their good services 
while in that office. 

Article in the Warrant viz 1 , to consider the Request of the 
Aqueduct Corporation that the Town will grant or Lease a Piece 
of Ground Forty Feet square on Fort Hill for a Reservoir for the 
Aqueduct, and to act respecting the same as may appear to be 
proper and also whether the Town will allow the said Corpora- 
tion the Privilege of securing & boring their Logs on the Beach 
at the foot of the Common, was read ----- whereupon 

Voted, that Judge Wendell 

Josiah Quincy Esq. 

Joseph Russell Esq. 

Judge Minot 

Dr. Eustis 

be a Committee to take this matter into consideration and Report 
at the Adjournment. 

[74.] Mr. Andrew Townsend 

was chosen a Constable for the Year ensuing. 

Committee relative to Market Reported, & the Question being 
put whether the same shall be accepted. Passed in the Affirma- 
tive, & the Committee are desired to Report from time to time, 
any further regulation they may judge needful for the benefit of 
the Inhabitants - ... which Report is as follows Viz 1 . 

The Committee appointed to consider the Expediency of setting 
the Stalls in the Market and what other measures are proper to 
be taken for regulating the same have attended that Service, and 
after mature consideration Report the following which is respect- 
fully submitted. 

The Convenience and Utility of Public Markets in populous 
Towns are so evident from the Establishment of them in the sev- 
eral large Cities and Towns, not only in Europe, but in the 
United States, that the Committee consider it needless to point 
out the Advantages resulting therefrom : as the Citizens by having 
a particular place appropriated for the purpose of purchasing 



42 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Provisions are enabled more readily to furnish themselves with 
necessary supplies, daily wanted in [75] their Families A 
Public Market thus established depends for its Utility & Con- 
venience on such prudential measures as may be adopted for the 
regulation of the same. The Committee therefore propose the 
following Plan for the Consideration of the Town. 

1 st . The Stalls and other Stands within the Market Square be let 
by the the Selectmen for such Periods as they may judge proper, 
and at such prices as to them may seem meet ; The Rents to be 
collected daily, Weekly or otherwise, as the Selectmen may order 
by the Clerk of the Market, who shall be sworn to the faithful 
discharge of his Duty, and shall every Month account with the 
Selectmen for the Monies he receives, deducting therefrom his 
Allowance for services, And in order that the Persons occupying 
the Stalls may be known to the Citizens, the Names of the Occu- 
pier shall be painted at full length in a conspicuous place on 
their stall The person thus hireing shall not transfer the use 
of his stall to any person unless the selectmen approve thereof 
and but one stall be let to one person and [when] two or more 
persons are in partnership together there shall be but one stall im- 
proved by them. That every person improving a stall shall fur- 
nish himself with scales and weights to weigh every commodity 
which is commonly sold by weight and if any person [76] should 
be found to weigh with steelyards after the first day of June he 
or they shall be deprived of his or their stall or stand. 

No Inhabitants of the Town of Boston [shall] be permitted to 
occupy any stall or stand within the Market Square unless he 
shall contract in Writing with a penality annexed, with the Clerk 
of the Market by Permission of the Selectmen, that he nor any 
acting under him shall not expose for sale at such place anv 
Articles except Beef, Pork, Mutton or Veal. 

When any Person holding or occupying a Stall or Stand if found 
guilty of buying any Articles of Provisions within the Town of 
Boston to sell again at an advanced Price within the Market 
Square or in the Town he shall no longer be permitted to hold any 
Stand or Stall within the Square. 

The Streets within the vicinity of the Market & leading to 
said Market shall not be encumbred with Stalls, Wheelbarrows 
Benches or any other vehicle for the accommodation of selling 
any Article or Articles whatever, whether Provisions Bread or 
any kind of Merchandize : and the Officer or Officers of Police 
shall cause to be removed all such obstructions should any occur 
as speedily as possible. 

Sellers of Meat Vegetables Fruit or any Article [77] of Pro- 
visions, shall not be permitted to continue in the Market Square 
for the Sale of any Article whatever after two of the Clock in the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1798. 43 

Afternoon except on Saturdays the Days preceding Fast, Thanks- 
givings and Christmas This Regulation is recommended that the 
Clerk of the Market may have time to cleanse the same of all 
those Substances which have a Tendency from Putridity to injure 
the Health of the Citizens. 

6 th . Wheelbarrows of any kind Hand Sleds or Hand Carts or 
any other Vehicle of Conveyance shall not be suffered to stand in 
Market Square for the sale of any Article except such as are 
excepted in the 5 Paragraph. 

7 th . The Horses & Carts shall not be permitted to stand in Mar- 
ket Square for more than half an Hour after their Arrival in said 
Square. 

8 th . The Clerk of the Market by Order of the Selectmen shall 
put the Laws in execution against Persons who may presume to 
expose for sale small Meats, of any kind blowed or wounded and 
if experience shall render it necessary, the Officer or Officers of 
Police shall aid him in the same. 

9 th . The Committee recomend that a Bell be provided and erected 
in the Cupola of Faneuil Hall to announce the oppeniug and clos- 
ing the Market House which Bell shall strike at six of the Clock 
[78] in the Morning from the first of May to the first of 
October ; and at eight of the Clock in the Morning from the first 
of October to the first of May Those Hours to be fixed for 
opening the Market House. At two of the Clock P.M. through 
out the Year the Bell shall announce the closeing of the Market. 

The Market House shall instantly be shut and within half an 
Hour after the Market place shall be cleared of every Article of 
whatever description or Name. 

And any Person presuming to tarry after the time specifyed in 
the fifth Article for the sale of any Article therein mentioned shall 
not afterwards be admitted to hold a Stall or Stand in the Mar- 
ket Place. 

The Clerk of the Market shall be ordered by the Selectmen to 
put into full force the By Laws of the Town as they relate to the 
Market so far as necessity requires. 

The Committee recommend that the Selectmen be requested to 
give instructions to the Officer or Officers of Police and the Clerk 
of the Market with a Copy of the foregoing Regulation with 
Orders to put the same into execution from & after the first Day 
of June next. And it is recommended that the same be published 
in y e . several [79] News Papers of this Town for the informa- 
tion of all whom it may concern. Thus far your Committee have 



44 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

proceeded, they have endeavoured to collect the Ideas of observ- 
ing Citizens upon which with other enquires, and their own obser- 
vation this Report is founded. 

Your Committee are further of opinion that as old Customs are 
not soon departed from the Business of a Reform in the Market 
may be entered upon with deliberation attended with improvement 
and pursued with firmness untill a Reform wished for by every 
good Citizen shall be accomplished & therefore recommend that a 
Committee be appointed therefore who shall Report to the Town 
as Circumstances require and opportunity may permit what further 
Regulations may be expedient. 

John Vinal P. Order. 

The aforegoing Report having been read & considered was 
approved of & accepted by y e . Town, and the Committee are 
desired to Report from time to time any further Regulations 
they may Judge needful for the benefit of y e . Inhabitants. 

The Committee Report relative to Fish Stands. 
The Committee appointed by the Town to Consider what meas- 
ures can be adopted to accommodate [8O] the Fishermen with 
Stands for the disposal of their Fish agreeable to their Petition, 
have attended the Business and the only Eligible situation they 
can find is at Pitts Wharf e over the Creek which they are sorry 
to find does not meet with the Approbation of the Petitioners 
They therefore must submit the business to the Town whether 
they will afford them a Stand in their Old situation near the 
Vegetable Stall which your Committee cannot by any means 
recommend. 

Boston May. 1798. Jn. Andrews 

Paul Revere. 

The aforegoing Report having been read and considered was 
accepted by the Town. 

The Inhabitants having brought in their Votes for three 
Selectmen it appeared that 

Mr. William Porter 
William Sherburne 
Ebenr. Oliver 
were chosen. 

Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . To consider what measures shall 
be taken relative to the Towns Land on the neck was read 
whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen lease the Lands as usual. 

[81.] Adjourned to Tuesday next being 22 d . Ins*. 10 
OClock & the Selectmen were previously desired to advertize in 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1798. 45 

the Public Prints that all Money matters would then be taken 
up and acted upon by the Town. 

Tuesday May 22 d . 1798 10 OClock Met according to Adjourn- 
ment. 

The Committee appointed to consider and report upon the re- 
quest of the Aqueduct Corporation beg leave to Report that they 
have attended their Duty in that respect and are of Opinion that 
the said Corporation be allowed the Privilege of securing by 
booming their logs on such part of the beach at the foot of the 
Common and for such a Period of time as the Selectmen in their 
discretion may appoint. But that it is not expedient to suffer 
any building to be erected or continued on the Towns Land there 
lying for boring Logs or for any other purpose whatsoever. 

The Committee further beg leave to Report that as it respects 
a grant or Lease of a piece of Land Forty feet square on Fort 
Hill for a Reservoir they have examined the same and are of 
opinion that the Selectmen of this Town are the best Judges of 
the Expediency and if expedient of the manner conditions & 
limits of such Grantor Lease [82] and that the same be referred 
to them with full Powers to decide & act accordingly. 

P. Order. Josiah Quincy Chm 

The aforegoing Report having been read & considered was 
accepted by the Town also 

Voted, that tho it is inexpedient that the building erected by 
the Aqueduct Corporation at the bottom of the Common for 
boring their Logs should be continued, Yet as the same is now 
erected and it will occasion great delay in their Works to erect 
another this season, the Selectmen are impowered to allow the 
same to be continued for a term not exceeding one Year from 
this Day upon the said Corporation giving bond to the Town 
Treasurer to the Acceptance of the Selectmen in the Sum of five 
thousand Dollars conditioned to remove the same building at the 
end of said Term or sooner if the Selectmen shall order the same 
to be removed and to pay such Sum for the privilege as shall be 
Stipulated in said Condition to take such measures as shall be 
contained in the same condition to save the Interest of the Town 
harmless from any injury in consequence of improving the same 
building for the purpose for which it is erected. 

Mr. Oliver having excused himself [83] as a Selectman the 
Votes being brought in for one Selectman it appeared that 

Mr. John Tileston 
was chose Selectman for the Year ensuing. 

On Representation of the Assessors praying that the Town 



46 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

would grant them the same for their servises for the Year 1797. 
as they did the proceeding Year 1796. 

Voted, that an allowance of One hundred Dollars be made each 
of them for the Year 1797 on Account of the rise of Provisions. 

The Committee Appointed to Audit the Town Treasurer 
Account have Attended that service & Report they find the 
Accounts well Vouched and right cast. That there was due to 
the Town the 30 th . April Ult. by the Books Exclusive of the 
Money appropriated for building a new Alms House $17382.74 

say $34211 . 67 . 6 

From which deduct Towns ) 

Powder \ 1041 - 94 

E. Breens debt - - - . - 41-11-2 

Interest Account - - - - 2672- 6-1 
Rents outstand g . ---- 13-33 

Abatements on 1797. Tax - 2000 
Collectors Premium - - - 3600 

9368 - 44 - 8 



Which reduces the Balance to $24843 - 22 - 8 



[84.] There is due from the Collectors on 1797. Tax Viz. 

Thomas Bayley 10338 . 30 

Benf. Henderson - - - - 8342 . 58 

Benf. Jepson 9877 . 77 

James Thompson - - - - 9668 . 24 



CentB. 

$38226 .89 

The following Sums are necessary for the Current Years 
Expences Viz. 

School Masters & Ushers $10000 

repairing Schools & Wood ------- 1000 

Watchman Coals Candles &c. 3000 

Assessors Pay &c. - 2700 

Lamps Oil light*. &c. 4000 

Town Clerk Salary 666 

Treasurers D. 666 

Messenger to Selectmen 300 

Constables Services 150 

Clerks of Market 33 

Repairing Clocks ----- 50 

Prem. to Engine mend 8 . 2 new Engine - - - 750 

Printing 250 

Stationery ------------ 69 

ringing Bells 300 

Paving Streets - - - - 7000 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1798. 47 

Incidental Charges visit 8 . Schools - - - - 1000 
Overseers Drafts 16000 



From this deduct what may be ) 
rec d . from the State for the States Poor j - 




$44000 



[85.] Your Committee are of Opinion that a Tax of $50000 
ought to be laid to defray the expences of the Current Year They 
annex Gen 1 . Account of the Treasurer and a tryal Ballance of 
his Books Your Committee recommend that the Town desire 
the Selectmen to procure a Book and order the Town Clerk to 
keep Accounts agreeable to the Appropriations as above and in 
their Drafts on the Treasurer it will be proper to designate the 
Appropriation ; they also Recommend that the Treasurer be 
ordered to Open as many Accounts in his Books as will conform 
to said Appropriations & charge each agreeable to the Selectmen's 
Drafts so that in future the Town may know which & how 
much they fall short of the Sums granted. 

Your Committee see no prospect of the old Notes being paid off 
owing to the backwardness of paying taxes, there is now due 
$38226 of the Forty Thousand Assessed for 1797. which will 
only come in to pay the Selectmen & Overseers Drafts for 1798 
therefore the Town is one Year in Arrears and unless the 
Inhabitants can be induced (by a Premium or otherways) to 
make prompt payment of their next Tax the Notes must remain 
unpaid they Amount to $11506 exclusive of Interest, All of 
which is respectfully submitted 

Herman Brimmer ' 
Joseph Russell Jun r 
Samuel Brown 

[86.] The aforegoing Account having been considered the 
Question was put Whether the Report be accepted Passed in 
the Affirmative. 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Thousand Dollars, be raised by a 
Tax to be Assessed on the Polls & Estates of the Inhabitants of 
the Town to defray the Expences of the Current Year. 

Voted, that the Sum of Six hundred sixty six Dollars be allowed 
and paid unto Samuel Clap for his services as Town Treasurer 
the present Year the same to be paid him quarterly as it shall 
become due & to commence the 1 st March last. 

Voted, that the Sum of Six hundred sixty six Dollars be allowed 
and paid unto William Cooper for his services as Town Clerk the 



48 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

present Year the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become 
due & to commence from the 1 st March last. 

Voted that the Sum of Four hundred thirty three Dollars be 
allowed to each of the Assessors for their respective services the 
present Year the same to be paid them quarterly as it shall become 
due & to commence the 1 st March last. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Dollars be allowed to each 
of the Assessors the present Year on Account of the rise of 
Provisions. 

[87.] The Overseers of the Poor who were appointed by the 
Town at their Meeting on the 12 ins* to confer with the Committee 
for building an Alms House & have attended to that service and 
ask leave to Report the following Statement. 

They find the Sales of Eleven Lots of Land which were sold by 
the Town for the above mentioned purpose to amount to Fifty 
Eight Thousand Eight hundred Dollars The Interest on public 
Stock purchased and Rent received by the Committee two thousand 
five hundred & fifty one Dollars & twenty eight cents deducting 
from these Sums twenty three thousand eight hundred & fifty 
Dollars which are not payable agreeably to the terms of sale untill 
possession is given to the Purchasers, there remains Thirty seven 
thousand five hundred & one Dollars & twenty eight Cents to the 
Credit of the Town Of this Sum the Committee have appro- 
priated as follows. for the Purchase of Land of Messrs. Bourn. 
Woodward & Phillips on which to erect the buildings ; eleven 
thousand one hundred & ninety nine Dollars and ninety nine Cents. 
for Lumber and the expences thereon seven thousand two hun- 
dred and twenty seven Dollars and twenty four Cents ; for the pur- 
chase of twenty thousand Dollars in the 5 P Cent funds sixteen 
thousand Dollars five Cents, the balance, which is three thousand 
& seventy four dollars, & five cents, now rests in the hands of the 
Town Treasurer subject [88] to the order of the Town The 
Overseers wou'd observe the numbers now in the Alms House 
exceed any former Years and that the buildings are in a most 
ruinous state and from the imperfections of the present accom- 
odations it has not been in their power to enforce agreeably to 
their wishes that Order and regularity so necessary in such insti- 
tutions ; under all these disadvantages they are however happy to 
say, that by the strictest Attention to Diet & Cleanliness, they 
have been enabled to preserve among the Inhabitants of the House 
for several Years past as great a degree of Health as has been 
enjoyed in proportion to numbers in any part of the Town. To 
complete the buildings necessary for the accomodation of even 
the present numbers (without calculating for the probable in- 
crease) on a scale that will be advantageous & honorable to the 
Town, it must be apparent to every one who will take the trouble 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1798. 49 

to calculate, will require with all the economy that can be exer- 
cised, a considerable additions of Funds beyond what are now at 
the command of the Committee, and the Overseers cannot refrain 
from observing that in their opinion the Committee have consulted 
the true Interest of the Town in suspending the execution of their 
Plans while labour & Materials continued so extravagantly high 
as even at the present time a very important saving has been 
[89] realized thereby. Altho the Overseers have been for sev- 
eral Years exceedingly anxious, that a more commodious House 
should be provided, and have with pleasure anticipated that the 
accommodations contemplated by the Town for our indigent and 
enfeebled citizens wou'd probably be in great forwardness in the 
course of the ensuing season Yet at the same time they consider 
it wou'd be highly injurious to the Interest of the Town to com- 
mence the work untill there is a certainty of being able without 
delay to progress so far as to render it habitable, and as the funds 
now provided are insufficient for that purpose they therefore sub- 
mit to the superior wisdom & consideration of the Town to deter- 
mine whether it is most expedient to endeavor to struggle another 
Year with the difficulties they now experience or to make a further 
appropriation of Monies & enjoyn the Committee to carry their 
Plans into effect without loss of time. The Overseers wou'd only 
add that the numbers now in the Alms House only are 352. and 
have been regularly increasing it is therefore their Opinion that 
the new House ought to be calculated to contain 500 at least. 

P. Order 

Edward Proctor Chmr. 

The aforegoing Report having been read & considered, was ap- 
proved of and accepted by the Town. 

[9O.] Voted, that all matters unfinished be referred to the 
next General Town Meeting that shall be called. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to the Hon ble . 
Thomas Dawes Esq. the Moderator for his good services in the 
dispatch given the business of this Meeting. 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



[91.] At a meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in Public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 4 th . 
Day of July A :D 1798. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read. 
William Cooper was chosen Moderator. 



50 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The Committee appointed the last Year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Indepen- 
dence. 

Reported 

That they had made choice of Josiah Quincy Esq. 
who has accepted. 

On Motion Adjourned to the Old South Church when agree- 
able to the information of the Chairman of the Selectmen. 

AN ORATION 

to commemorate the Independence of the United States was de- 
livered by Josiah Quincy Esq. at Old South Church. 

On motion Voted that the Selectmen [92] be and hereby are 
appointed a Committee to wait on Josiah Quincy Esq. & in the 
name of the Town to Thank him for the elegant & spirited Oration 
this day delivered by him at the request of y e . Town upon the An- 
niversary of the Independence of the United States of America, 
in which according to the Institution of the Town, he considered 
the feelings, manners & principles which led to that great National 
event and to request of him a Copy thereof for the Press. 

On Motion VOTED that the Gentlemen Selectmen be & hereby 
are appointed a Committee to apply to some one able & learned 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 4 July AD. 1799. that 
Day being the Anniversary of the Independence of the United 
States of America ; wherein the Orator is to consider the feelings 
manners and principles which led to this great National event as 
well as the important & happy effects whether general or Domes- 
tic which have already or will for ever flow, from that auspicious 
Epoch. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[93.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally Warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 5 Day 
of November Anno Domini 1798. 10 OClock A :M 

Prayer made by the Rev d . Dr. Walter. 
Warrant for calling Meeting - - read. 

Paragraph of a Resolve of the General Court for the choice of 
one Representative for the first Middle District - - read. 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that the Poll would be 
closed at past 1 . OClock the Bells to begin tolling at 1 . O Clock. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1798. 51 

Persons Voted, for as a Representative of the 1 st . Middle 
District of this Commonwealth in the next Congress of the 
United States Viz. 

Votes. 

Hon le . Harrison Gray Otis 1726 

Hon le . William Heath Esq. 936 

William Eustis Esq. 3 

A declaration was made by the Selectmen of the Persons Voted 
for as Representatives of the 1 st Middle District. 

[94.] Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as above 
were sealed up in Town Meeting & delivered to the Sheriff of this 
Commonwealth by the Town Clerk superscribed as follows Viz. 

For John A very Esq. 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

The Town made choice of 

The Hon 1 *. Thomas Dawes Esq. 

as Moderator of the Meeting to transact the matters mentioned in 
the Warrant. 

Adjourned to to morrow Morning 10. OClock. 

Tuesday November 6. 10. OClock AM. Met according to 
Adjournment. 

The Article relative to the Old State House was read, & com- 
mitted for consideration to. 

William Eustis Esq. 
Samuel Brown 
Judge Minot 
William Smith 
Thomas Edwards Esq. 
to Report at the Adjournment. 

[95.] The Petition of William Powell Esqr. & others rela- 
tive to cleansing & filling up Docks & was read & committed for 
consideration to. 

William Powell Esq. 

Stephen Grorham 

William Thompson 

Samuel Parkman 

John Codman 

John Andrews 

Josiah Quincy 

John Coffin Jones 

Mr. James Perkins 

Aaron Dexter 

William Eustis Esq. 
to Report thereon at the Adjournment. 



52 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The Petition of Amasa Davis Esq. Quarter Master General 
relative to Ground for erecting a State Store read, & commit- 
ted for consideration to 

Hon 1 *. Thomas Dawes Esq. 

Thomas Edwards Esq. 

John Codtnan Esq. 
to Report thereon at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

The Article in the Warrant relative to Trunks was read 
whereupon 

Voted that William Smith 
[96.] Nathan Bond 

Russell Sturgis Esqrs. 
be a Committee to consider this matter & Report thereon at the 

Adjournment. 



The Article in the Warrant viz*. Whether the Town will 
dispense with the lighting the Lamps the ensuing Season read 
whereupon 

Voted, that John Codman Esq. 

Ebenezer Hancock Esq. 
William Sherburn Esq 

be a Committee to consider this Article & Report thereon at the 
Adjournment. 

The Article in the Warrant relative to applying to the General 
Court for Restrictions on Aqueduct Corporation " was read, & 
committed for consideration to. 

William Tudor 
Amasa Davis -v 
Russell Sturgis 
Joseph May - - - Esquires 
Mr. Henderson Inches 
to Report thereon at the Adjournment. 

Voted, that the Selectmen publish the Names of the several 
Committees in such papers as they Judge proper for the infor- 
mation of y e . Inhabitants. 

Adjourned to Wednesday the 21. Novemr. Ins'. 10 OClock 
A.M. 

[97.] November 21. 10 OClock A.M. Met according to 
Adjournment. 

The Report of the Committee relative to Trucks read & after 
consideration & some amendments the same was accepted by 
the Town & is as follows Viz*. 

The Committee appointed by 
the Town to take into consideration the Petition of a number of 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1798. 53 

the Owners of Trucks praying an alteration in the By Laws of 
the Town regulating Trucks so far as it respects the length of 
them having heard the Memorialists on the subject & examined 
the clause of the Law of which they complain are of opinion it is 
not expedient to repeal any part of said Law, Your Committee 
are of opinion that the Clause in said Law which directs that the 
side of Trucks shall not exceed 16 feet in length does not. include 
the Shafts but that 7 feet being allowed for the Shafts will be 
sufficient making the whole length of the Trucks including the 
Shafts 24 feet. 

William Smith P. Order. 

On Motion Voted, that the Committee on the subject of light- 
ing the Lamps do advertize for proposals for furnishing the Oil 
& wicks and lighting the Lamps of the Town during the 
Winter. 

The Report of the Committee relative to [98] Nuisances &c 
read & referred over to the Adjournment & that in the mean time 
the same be printed and disposed by the Selectmen amongst the 
Inhabitants. 

The Committee on Amasa Davis Esq. Quarter Master General 
Petition Report. 

That it is the Opinion of the Committee that the Selectmen be 
authorized & impowered to accommodate Amasa Davis Esq. 
Quarter Master General with a piece of Land sufficient whereon 
to erect suitable Buildings for the purpose of covering the Field 
Artillery & houseing the most valuable military Stores & as 
prayed for by him, near the Southerly part of the Common ; from 
the Land owned by the Town fronting on Pleasant Street & 
butting Easterly on Torrys Pasture so called. & that they cause the 
said Quarter M. General to fence in the "whole of said Land 
And whereas one Company of Artillery is already raised, & 
another now raising to compose the Legion belonging to the Town 
of Boston & the Ground on which the present Gun House now 
stands is otherways disposed of by the Town the Selectmen are 
requested to reserve so much of said Land as will be sufficient for 
the Gun house &. for the Artillery Company when they shall 
become wanted and that application be made to the Governor & 
Council for a Warrant on the State Treasurey for the Money 
allowed by Government for such purposes & applied accordingly 
The Company of Artillery now raising beeing from [99] the 
North part of the Town the Selectmen are further authorized if 
they shall judge it to be more for the common interest to provide 
a piece of Land for the said Company whereon to erect a Gun 
house at the North part of the Town, notwithstanding. 

The above Report having been read and considered was ac- 
cepted by the Town. 



54 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The Committee appointed to consider certain resolves of the 
Legislature of this Commonwealth relative to the disposition & 
sale of the old State House so called, have attended to the subject 
and take leave to report as follows. 

First. The Committee are satisfied that the fee of the Land on 
which the House stands is in the Town of Boston and that they 
have likewise erected & repaired from time to time nearly one half 
of the House : from whence it results that the Town ought not to 
consent to the proposal made by the Legislature to appoint agents 
to sell the said House and Land thereto belonging & to place one 
half of the proceeds in the Treasury of the Commonwealth. 
Secondly The Committee are of opinion that selling the Premises 
to any individual Person or company will be attended with con- 
sequences very injurious to the Town. The purposes for which 
it might & [1OO] probably would be occupied would tend 
greatly to incumber the most frequented Street in the Town which 
is in its present state not of sufficient width for public accommo- 
dation. the dangers from fire would be very much increased 
whether the house is appropriated for Shops, Stores, Counting 
Houses or in short from any use to which the interest of individ- 
uals might appropriate it. Beside the increase of real obstruc- 
tions to the Streets on both sides of the House. The Committee 
are apprehensive that the Health of the inhabitants may be ex- 
posed by the nuisances which a complete occupation of the House 
would necessarily imply. 

The Committee are of opinion that the Town ought to be the 
owners of the House & Land in order that it may be appropriated 
to no uses of Which they shall disapprove. 

As the Hon bl . Legislature appear from their resolves to be im- 
pressed with an idea that one half of the premises is the property 
of the Commonwealth and at the same time have consented to 
refer the claim together with that of the Town & of the Counties 
of Suffolk and Norfolk to the Judges of the Supreme Judicial 
Court for a final decision. 

The Committee conceive that the Town should agree to the 
reference proposed so far as that the [1O1] Judges shall finally 
determine what part of the Premises is the property of the Town. 

And with respect to the other proposal of selling whether by 
public or private Sale that the Town should not agree to the same 
but that the Representatives of the Town be instructed to repre- 
sent to the Legislature the inconveniences which would result 
from a sale to individuals together with the desire of the Town 
that they will purchase from the State such [part of] their pro- 
portion of the same as the Judges shall award, at an appraise- 
ment to be made by three impartial Men to be chosen, one by the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1798. 55 

Legislature, one by the Representatives of the Town, the third by 
the two first or by lot between them if they cannot agree. 

William Eustis P. Order. 

The aforegoing Report having been read and considered was 
accepted by the Town. 

Adjourned to Wednesday December 5 th . 10. OClock A :M. 
Met according to Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed to consider and Report on the Arti- 
cle of the Warrant relative to applying to the General Court for 
Restriction on the Aqueduct Corporation. 

Report 

[1O2.] That by the Act passed the 27. Feb^. 1795. The 
Associates in the above Corporation are invested with full Powers 
to open the Ground in any part of the Streets & high ways in the 
Towns of Roxbury and Boston & at any time for the purpose of 
sinking or repairing such Aqueduct, without any control Assent 
or Restriction from the Selectmen or Surveyors of the High ways 
of either of those Towns. 

These unqualified powers have been productive of some Com- 
plaint already and may lead to consequential injury by subjecting 
the Town to litigations with the Aqueduct Proprietors or saddling 
the Inhabitants with the expence of extra repairs of their Streets. 

Your Committee therefore propose the Town instruct their 
Representatives in the General Court to obtain an additional one 
in amendment of the same to the following effect Viz. 

1 st . That no pavement shall be taken up previous to the first 
Day of April nor after the first Day of October in any year. 

2 d . That the Selectmen or the Persons whom they shall appoint 
shall determine in what part of any Street the pavement shall be 
removed for the purpose of sinking the pipes of the Aqueduct 
and to what extent until the repair is completed. 

3 d . That the Selectmen or Surveyors of Highways [1O3] be 
impowered to direct the repavement so as to have the same sub- 
stantially & effectually done. 

These Restrictions appear reasonable because when the Town 
on the 7 th . Feb y . 1795 assented to the proprietors being incorpo- 
rated it was with this express proviso. " That the Corporation 
should be holden to put the Streets which should be opened in as 
good repair as they were previous thereto, and that such other 



56 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

guards & Restrictions should be inserted in the Act as should 
effectually secure the Town from injury. 

W m . Tudor P. Order. 

The aforegoing Report having been read and considered was 
accepted by the Town. 

The Committee relative to Lamps Report That it will not be 
expedient to dispense with the lighting the Lamps & in obedience 
to a subsequent Order of the Town they have advertized for pro- 
posals but no person has appeared to undertake it. 

John Codman P. Order. 

The aforegoing Report having been read was accepted also 
Voted, that the Selectmen be requested to light the Lamps in the 
best manner they are able. 

Voted, that the Representatives of the Town be requested to 
use their endeavor to procure an Act or Law for empowering the 
Governor with the [1O4J advice of the Council to issue an Order 
for the removal of any Person from one prison to another or from 
a Goal to a place of safe custody where such Person shall be con- 
fined by order of Law & be labouring under a contagious discease 
in such a manner as that his continuance in Goal may justly be 
considered as dangerous to others. 

The Committee to whom was referred the Petition of William 
Powell Esq. & others " for cleansing some of the Docks & filling 
up others & to remove as far as possible all Nuisances that may 
arise particularly from damaged Goods, Provisions & Hides being 
stored in Town & to raise Money to defray the expence thereof" 
have attended their Duty in that respect and beg leave to 
Report. 

That the Selectmen be requested to take measures for cleansing 
the Town Dock, Ivers Dock, Olivers Dock & a Dock between the 
Long Wharf & Spears Wharf in a manner as economical as 
possible, and that the Selectmen be requested to have the Dock 
called Olivers Dock filled up as soon as may be in such Manner 
as shall be for the safety and interest of the Town for the dis- 
tance of about 150 feet from the head. 

That the Town direct its Representatives to make application 
to the General Court, at its [1O5] next Sessions for an act to 
authorize the Inhabitants and Freeholders of the respective Wards 
in the Town qualified to Vote for Town Officers to meet annu- 
ally in the Month of March or April at such time and in such 
places as may be duly appointed within their respective Wards, 
to choose one able & discreet Person an Inhabitant of the Ward 
for which he shall be elected to be a Member of a Board of 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1798. 57 

Health which shall consist of a member from each Ward to be 
chosen by Ballot, & not otherwise : Which Board when so chosen 
shall choose a President & Secretary, whose duty it shall be 
annually in the Month of March or April to publish a notification 
in two at least of the News Papers printed in the Town of Boston, 
mentioning time and place within each Ward respectively seven 
days at least before the time appointed for such Meeting for the 
Inhabitants of the respective Wards to Assemble for the purpose 
aforesaid. And the Members of the Board of Health for the Year 
preceeding shall preside each in his Ward respectively at said 
Meeting untill a Clerk shall be chosen by the Ward & no longer, 
which choice shall be by Ballot. The Clerk shall then call for 
the Votes receive, & count, the same in open Meeting & certify the 
number to the President of the existing Board of health within 24 
Hours of said Meeting under penalty of Ten dollars to be recovered 
by action of debt to be brought by said President for the use of 
the Town [1O6] in any Court of competent Jurisdiction. And 
in case of the neglect death or refusal of the Member of the Board 
of Health to preside at said Meeting the Ward may appoint a 
Committee to receive the Votes for a Clerk. And on return of 
the Members chosen for each Ward the President of the Board 
shall notify them to meet at a certain time & place within seven 
days at least after such return. At which time the Board of 
Health for the Year ensuing shall be formed. 

The Duty of the Board of Health shall be to examine into 
all Nuisances & other causes injurious to the health of the In- 
habitants whether the same shall be caused by stagnant Waters, 
drains, common sewers, slaughter Houses, Tan Yards, Fish 
houses, Docks. Necessaries, putrid animal or vegetable substances 
or any other cause of whatever kind, which may be injurious 
to the Health of the Inhabitants as aforesaid, with power to 
search all houses, stores, cellars, ships & vessells where they 
may have reason to suspect any of the causes aforesaid to exist. 
And if they shall meet with resistance in the execution of the 
search, or the refusal to remove such Nuisances, upon applica- 
tion to any Justice of the Peace within the Town, he shall 
grant a Warrant directed to the Sheriff of the County of Suf- 
folk, his Deputy or any Constable of the Town of Boston com- 
manding him in presence of any two of said Board of health, 
to cause such nuisance to be removed & to levy the expence of 
said removal on the occupier [1O7] or proprietor of the House 
Store, Cellar or Land in which such nuisance existed together 
with a fine of twenty dollars for such refusal or resistance : 
said fine to be paid over to the Town Treasurer, for the use of 
the Town, And the said Board shall have authority to appoint 
Scavengers & such other Officers to assist them in the execution 
of their Office as they shall judge necessary for payment of whom 
& all necessary expences which may arise in the execution of 
their, the said Board shall be authorized to draw on the Town 



58 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Treasurer, & the Accompts of said Board shall be examined by 
a Committee of the Town Annually chosen for that purpose who 
shall report the state of them to the Town accordingly. 

That application be made to the General Court for a Law to 
compel a seasonable repacking of salted meats & pickled Fish. 
To prevent the bringing into town of tainted meats and fish. 
& for empowering the Board of Health to have the Law carried 
into full execution. Also for preventing injuries ariving from 
Hides & other putrid substances which may be brought in Town. 

That any Person that shall throw into any of the Docks in the 
Town any putrid Meat Fish or any other putrid or offensive 
substance, shall forfeit & pay for each offence, a sum not less 
than one Dollar nor more than ten dollars at the discretion of the 
[1O8] Court which may have cognisance of such offence All 
forfitures & penalties arising from this Act to accrue to the use of 
the Town & to be prosecuted in such Court or Courts & in such 
form, as by the General Court may be directed & authorized. 

And it shall be the duty of the Board of health to oversee & 
enforce the due execution of the foregoing Laws & prosecute all 
Offenders, & for all penalties & forfeitures which may accrue 
under the same. 

They further recommend that all Masters of Vessells arriving 
shall be prohibited under a sufficient penalty for each offence from 
depositing on the Wharfes the filth or sweepings of their Vessells 
holds or throwing the same into any of the Docks of the Town. 

William Powell P. Order 

The foregoing Report having been considered & amended in 
Meeting the Question was put Viz. Whether the same be 
accepted Passed in the affirmative. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



1799. 

[1O9.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabit- 
ants of the Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
11 th . Day of March Anno Domini 1799. 9. OClock. Forenoon. 

Prayer was made by Rev d . Dr. West. 
Warrant for calling Meeting - - read. 

Sundry Laws to be read at this Meeting were accordingly 
read. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1799. 59 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. was chosen Moderator by a Hand 
Vote. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Town Clerk and the same having been brought in & 
counted it appeared that 

William Cooper 

was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing & an Oath of 
Office was administered by Mr. Justice Sherburn. 

[11O.] The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for nine Selectmen & upon sorting them it 
appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen viz. 

Charles Bulfinch 
David Tilden 
Russell Sturgis 
Joseph Howard 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq. 
William Porter 
William Sherburne Esq. 
Joseph May Esq. 
Samuel Cobb 

The Votes being brought in for five Assessors and counted, it 
appeared that only four were chosen - - - - Viz. 

John R. Sigorney 
Caleb Blanchard 
Ebenezer Sever Esq. 
John Hurd Esq. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their 
Votes for 12 Overseers of the Poor & upon sorting them it 
appeared that 

Edward Procter Esq. 
[111.] John Sweetser Esq. 

Johathan L. Austin Esq. 

Mr. Edward Edes 

Henry Hill Esq. 

William Smith Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. 

Stephen Gorham Esq. 

Mr. Oliver Brewster 

Arnold Wells Jun r . Esq. 

Dr. Redford Webster 

Mr. Thomas Perkins 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

Adjourned to 3. O. Clock P :M. 



60 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

3. O. Clock P.M. Met according to Adjournment 

On Motion Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby 
are given unto Thomas Edwards Esq. William Little Esq. & 
Mr. Jonathan Harris & Mr. John Tileston for their good & faith- 
ful services as Selectmen a number of Years past. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for 24. Fire Wards, 
when it appeared that. 

John Winthrop Esq. 
Thomas Mellvile 
Jabez Hatch 
Joseph Russell 
Samuel Parkman Esq. 
Mr. Edward Edes 
Amasa Davis Esq. 
Russell Sturgis 
Henry Jackson 
William Scollay 
Joseph May Esq. 
Cap*. Robert Gardner 
John May Esq. 
Mr. William Brown 
John Winslow Esq. 
Nathaniel Fellows 
Samuel Bradford Esq. 
Mr. Joseph Head 
Thomas H. Perkins Esq. 
Joseph Howard 
Benjamin Joy 
Stephen Codman 
Andrew Cunningham Esq. 
Mr. John Bray 
were chosen Fire Wards for the Year ensuing. 

The motion in the Forenoon of a Vote of thanks to Mr. Austin 
with the other Selectmen did not obtain, a motion being made 
this afternoon for a [113] reconsideration of the former vote 
and that he have the thanks of the Town for his good & faithful 
services as a Selectman and the question being accordingly put 
Passed in the affirmative. 

Voted that in addition to the Selectmen twelve Persons shall 
now be chosen as a school Committee and the votes being 
brought in & assorted it appeared that the following Gentlemen 
were chosen viz. 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq 

Rev d . Samuel West D.D. 

Dr. Thomas Welsh 

Rev d . Samuel Stillman 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1799. 61 

Dr. Aaron Dexter 
Mr. William Smith 
Dr. William Spooner 
Mr. Arnold Welles Jun r . 
Edward Gray Esq. 
David Green P>sq. 
Rev d . J T Kirkland 
Rufus G Amory Esq. 

Voted that the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are termed the School Committee be and hereby 
are directed to carry the new system of Education which has 
been adopted by the Town into operation, and said Committee are 
also authorized and empowered conjunctly to [114] manage and 
regulate the Officers and government of the School and in future 
to exercise all the Powers relating to the Schools and Schoolmas- 
ters which the Selectmen or such committees are authorized by the 
Laws of this Commonwealth or the Vote of the Town to exercise 
any of the former votes of the Town notwithstanding. 

Mr. Samuel Clap 
was chosen Town Treasurer for the year ensuing. 

Mr. Benjamin Hammatt Jun r . 
was chosen an Assessor for the year ensuing. 

Votes for a Treasurer for the County of Suffolk, brought in and 
counted by the moderator and Town Clerk when it appeared that 
the whole number was 265 of which 248 were for Ebenezer 
Sever Esq. 5 for Charles Bulflnch Esq. 4 for Mr. Samuel Clap, 
4 for Mr. Benjamin Hammatt Jun. 3 for Mr. Thomas Hichbourn 
1 for Giles Harris Esq. all discreet, suitable Persons, being Free- 
holders and Residents in said County. 

Voted that the assessors be and hereby are directed to sit for 
such statements of Taxes as they shall judge reasonable two days 
in such weeks after the delivery of the Tax books to the Collectors 
for the space of six weeks and no longer, saving they be allowed 
to sit the last Week in February (Lords days excepted) for the 
[115] abatement of the Taxes of such persons as had not the 
opportunity of applying in the above limited time by reason of 
their being out of this Commonwealth or any other unavoidable 
hindrance and that the assessors determine on the said two days 
which is to be noted on the tax bill to be delivered the In- 
habitants. 

Voted That five per cent be and hereby are allowed to the 
Collectors of Taxes for the year ensuing for all such sums of 
money and public securities as they shall collect and pay in to the 
several Treasurers of the sums committed to them to collect also 



62 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

that such Collectors shall give bond with sufficient Sureties to the 
satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful discharge of their 
duty in said office and complying with this vote and that they will 
not receive any premium or gratuity for discounting any orders 
notes or receipts from the Treasurer of this State, or the 
Treasurer of this Town. 

The votes being brought in for four Collectors of Taxes it ap- 
peared that 

Messrs. Benjamin Henderson 
Thomas Bailey 
James Thompson 
Benjamin Jepson 
were chosen Collectors of Taxes for the year ensuing. 

Adjourned till Tomorrow 10 Clock Forenoon 

[116.] Tuesday 10 Clock Forenoon, met according to ad- 
journment. 

Messrs. Thomas Bradlee 
David Hollis 
Matthew Loring 
Thomas Sullivan 
were chosen Sealers of Leather for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Benjamin White 
Moses Ayres 
Daniel Ingersol 
William Darricott 
were chosen Fence viewers for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Edward Jones 
George Hamlin 
Abijah Wheelock 
were chosen Hogreeves for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Edward Jones 
George Hamlin 
Abijah Wheelock 
were chosen Haywards for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Jeffry Richardson 

Isaac P. Davis 
were chosen Surveyors of Hemp for the year ensuing. 

Edward Tuckerman Esq. 
Mr. Edward Edes 
were chosen Surveyors of Wheat for the year ensuing. 

[117.] Messrs. Joshua Weatherley 

John Wells 
were chosen assay masters for the year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1799. 63 

The Selectmen 
were choseil Surveyors of the high ways for the ensuing year. 

Mr. Abraham Adams 
was chosen Informer of deer for the ensuing year. 

Voted, That Herman Brimmer Esq. 
Joseph Russell Esq. 
Samuel Brown Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to audit the accounts 
of the Town Treasurer and also the accounts of the Selectmen 
Overseers of the Poor and Board of Health and said Commit- 
tee are also directed to report the sum necessary to be raised for 
the services of the present year. 

Voted that the Selectmen be desired to appoint such able per- 
sons for measures of wood & bark brought into Town for sale 
according to a late law of this Commonwealth and that they follow 
the directions of the Law therein. 

Messrs. Roger Bartlett 
Joseph Doble 
Jonathan Gushing 
were chosen Cullers of dry fish for the year ensuing. 

[118.] Messrs. Joseph Loring 

Thomas Barber 

George Singleton 

Edward Burt 

Thomas Foster 

John Bray 

Henry Purkitt 

Jonathan Gushing 

James Barry 

Hezekiah Hutson 

Philip Hichbourne 

Timothy Pease 

Job Wheelwright Jun r . 

William Fen no 
were chosen Cullers of Boards and Staves for the year ensuing. 

Mr. Edward Rumley 
was chosen an Inspector of stone lime for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Shubael Hewes 

Thomas Stevenson 
Amos Lewis 
Jonah Holbrook 
Samuel White 
Enoch May 



64 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Abraham Tuckerman 
Noah Butts 
John French 
Samuel Gridley 
Andrew Townsend 
William Low 
were chosen Constables for the year ensuing. 

[119.] The Committee relative to filling up Olivers Dock 
reported, 

That agreeable to a vote of the Town at their last meeting 
they have attended to their request relating to filling up Olivers 
Dock so called and that in order to comply with the wishes of the 
Town in this respect as far as it was in their power they had 
entered into the annexed agreement with the Proprietors of 
Woodwards Wharf e so called that the Town will observe how- 
ever that it is made subject to their control the reasons of the 
agreement appear in the agreement itself 

Thomas Edwards 

P. Order. 

The aforegoing Report having been read & considered it was 

Voted that the same be accepted and that the Selectmen be 
requested to act thereon as they may judge proper. 

Votes for 12 Surveyors of Boards and Shingles brought in 
when it appeared that 

Messrs. Joshua Bentley 
Benjamin White 
Benjamin Page 
James Blake 
John Cogswell 
Edmund Eanger 
William Clouston 
William Darricott 
Nathaniel Tidmarsh 
William Ellison 
Thomas Blake 
John Stutson were chosen. 

[12O.] The Representation of the Overseers of the Poor as 
to the state of the almshouse and workhouse was read several 
times whereupon 

Voted that William Powell Esq. 
General Donaldson 
Herman Brimmer 
William Eustis Esq. 
Colonel Joseph May 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1799. 65 

be a committee to take this report into consideration and any 
paper relative thereto, that they confer with the overseer, of the 
poor and the agents for building the new almshouse and work- 
house, to enquire into the state of their funds and to devise ways 
& means for procuring the monies yet wanting for erecting the 
necessary buildings and that they report thereon at the adjourn- 
ment and that the Inhabitants be informed in the public prints of 
this adjournment and the special occasion thereof. 

On motion Voted that the consideration of all money matters 
be referred over to May meeting. 

Voted that this meeting be adjourned to Wednesday the 27 
March inst. 10 Clock forenoon, then to meet in this place. and 
the meeting was accordingly adjourned. 

Wednesday the 27 March 10 Clock forenoon met according to 
adjournment. 

The Committee appointed by the Town, at their meeting on the 
eleventh March instant to take in to consideration the representa- 
tion of the Overseers of [121] the Poor to confer with said 
overseers and with the Agents of the Town for building the new 
almshouse and workhouse to enqire into the state of the funds 
and to devise ways and means for procuring the monies to erect 
the necessary buildings &c have to the best of. their abilities 
endeavour'd to comply with the injunctions of the Town and beg 
leave to report as follows 

That the condition of the buildings at present improved as an 
almshouse and as a Workhouse is such that in the opinion of the 
Committee it is absolutely necessary that one new building capable 
of accommodating all the persons at present supported by the 
Town, be immediately undertaken and completed with all con- 
venient speed. 

That the expence of erecting such a building on the land already 
procured for that purpose, including a sea wall and other arrange- 
ments of the ground will cost the Town in the opinion of the 
agents between Forty and fifty thousand dollars : and the Com- 
mittee are inform'd that it will require eighteen months before 
the new building can be inhabited. That the Agents have in 
funded stock for the above mentioned purpose to the value (in 
round numbers) of sixteen thousand Dollars in Lumber seven 
thousand dollars, and Cash in the hands of the Town-Treasurer 
four thousand dollars making in the whole the sum of Twenty seven 
thousand dollars, leaving a deficiency of about Twenty thousand 
dollars to be provided for by the Town 

That there is now due to the Town about Twenty three thousand 
dollars for the sales of the Lands on which [122] the almshouse 
and workhouse now stands, but this sum is not to be paid until 
the town shall deliver possession of these lands and buildings, 
which can not be done until the intended building shall be ready 



66 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

to receive the inhabitants of those that are to be delivered up to 
the purchasers It will then be necessary to provide for a defi- 
ciency of about Twenty thousand dollars to complete the intended 
new building before the town can realize the sum now outstanding 
for the sales of the old almshouse and workhouse. And to pro- 
vide for this deficiency the Committee have taken into view all 
the resources of the Town within their knowledge. The lands 
now belonging to the town within the Corporation are so situated 
that to sell them for this purpose under existing circumstances 
would be in the Opinion of the Committee to make an unwar- 
rantable sacrifice. There is also a Township of lands in the 
eastern parts of this Commonwealth belonging to the town of 
Boston but there are so few purchasers of unimproved lands 
at this time the Committee think it would bring but a very 
small part of the sum required and if now sold it must be 
done to great disadvantage. The Committee have also contem- 
plated the subject of an immediate Tax on the Town to be 
expressly appropriated to this object but considering the mag- 
nitude of the existing taxes, and the length of time requisite to 
bring it into operation they have not thought it expedient to 
recommend this mode of procuring the necessary supply Thus 
having taken all these resources into view, and having abandoned 
them either as inexpedient, wasteful, or insufficient r they have 
turned their attention to the only remaining source [123] from 
whence to draw the deficient sum necessary to complete the 
building contemplated. that is to procure it on loan on the 
credit of the Town until the intended new building shall be 
finished, and then to discharge the loan by the money which will 
be receivable for the sale of the old almshouse and workhouse 
when they shall be evacuated and delivered up to the purchasers. 
It is the opinion of the Committee that the money may be obtained 
on the Credit of the Town at the usual rate of interest and they 
recommend that the Treasurer be authorized to borrow from time 
to time such sums of money as the agents may deem necessary 
for completing the buildings intended not exceeding the sum of 
Twenty thousand dollars. The Agents will not want for a con- 
siderable time any additional supplies to what they have already 
at command and if the Treasurer shall borrow only as shall be 
wanted, the growing interest will only apply to the sums last 
expended and therefore will not amount to any considerable sum. 
These have been the subjects considered by the Committee and 
they do therefore recommend that the Agents be authorized to 
proceed with all convenient expedition to erect a building compe- 
tent to the object before mentioned on a plan to be approved by 
the Overseers of the poor ; that they employ all the resources now 
in hand arising from the sales of the Town lands for that purpose 
and that the Treasurer be authorized and directed to borrow 
on the Credit of the Town such further sums as shall be necessary 
to complete the said building not exceeding Twenty thousand 
dollars. In the Representation of the Overseers of the Poor 
referred to the Committee, there is one other subject on which 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1799. 67 

they are required to report, that is a [124] Recommendation 
of the Overseers that the Town make a compensation to Capt 
Benjamin Hammatt for the injury done his property and furni- 
ture at the late fire of the workhouse and considering that he 
is an ancient, approved and faithful servant of the Town and 
has served the Town with fidelity for a trifling salary for a 
great number of years. The Committee having considered this 
subject recommend that the Town make him an allowance of 
two hundred dollars as an indemnity for his losses 

William Donnison 

P. Order. 

The aforegoing report having been several times read and 
debated the question was put viz Whether the same shall be 
accepted passed by a very great majority in the affirmative as 
also that the sum of Two hundred dollars be and hereby is 
allowed to Cap 1 . Benjamin Hammatt for loss sustained in the 
late fire at the Work-house as recommended in the above report 

Voted, that all matters unfinished be referred over to May 
Meeting 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to the Hon ble . 
Thomas Dawes Esq. the Moderator for his good services in the 
dispatch given the business of this meeting 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[125.] At a Meeting of the male Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston of Twenty one years of age and upwards qualified as the 
Constitution prescribes and legally warned in public Town meet- 
ing assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the first day of April 
Anno Domini 1799. at 9 oClock A. M. 

Prayer by Rev d . Doct. Lathrop. 
Warrant for calling meeting - - Read. 

Paragraph of the Constitution or Frame of Government relative 
to the choice of Governor, L*. Governor and Senators - - Read 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no votes would be 
received but such as were unfolded and that they purpose the 
Poll should be closed at 2 oClock the Votes to be received (but 
such as were unfolded) at the Table and the bells to begin ringing 
at One oClock. 

Persons, voted for as Governor with the number of votes for 
each Person Viz. 



68 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Votes 
His Excellency Increase Sumner 1904 

Hon bie William Heath Esq. 546 

Elbridge Gerry Esq. - 1 

Peter R Dalton Esq. 1 

Persons voted for as IA Governor, with the number of votes 
for each Person Viz*. 

His Honor Moses Gill Esq. 2446 

Hon ble Samuel Phillips Esq. 1 

Hon ble George Cabbot 1 

Mr. John Parker 1 

Mr. Thomas Stetson 1 

[126] Persons, voted for as Senators for the County of 
Suffolk with the number of votes for each Person. 

Votes, 

Hon ble Thomas Dawes Esq. - 2187 

Hon ble Oliver Wendall Esq. 2294 

Hon ble . John C. Jones 2233 

Jonathan Mason Esq. - -- 1888 

Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq - - 629 

Hon ble . Benjamin Austin Jun Esq. ----- 176 

William Eustis Esq. 246 

Charles Jarvis Esq. .._ 143 

Hon ble William Heath Esq. 1 

Arnold Welles Esq. 2 

John Duggan 4 

John Magner ----------- 2 

John Codman Esq 4 

David Green Esq 1 

Samuel Cooper Esq 1 

Samuel Brown Esq - 1 

Benjamin Russell Esq --------- l 

Jonathan Loring Austin Esq. 1 

Joseph Blake Esq 1 

Thomas Lewis, Senior 1 

Alexander Young 1 

Thomas Minns ----------- 1 

Amos Hovey 1 

Attested copies of the Persons voted for. as Governor Lieut. 
Governor and Senators for the County of Suffolk were committed 
by the Town Clerk to the Secretary of the Commonwealth, and 
the enclosures sealed up in town meeting superscribed as follows 
Viz*. 

For John Avery Esq. 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

[127.] The number of Votes of the Town of Boston for a 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1799. 69 

Governor and Lieut Governor & four Senators for the County of 
Suffolk certified within and sealed up in Town meeting 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public Town 
meeting assembled at Fanuiel Hall on Tuesday the fourteenth 
day of May AD 1799. 10 Clock AM. 

Prayer was made by Rev* 1 . Doct Stilhnan 
Warrant for calling a meeting - - Read 

That part of the Constitution or Frame of Government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives Read ; also the law 
relative to mourning.* 

The Town having determined by a vote to choose seven Repre- 
sentatives to represent them in the General Court of Massachu- 
setts to be held in the State house in Boston on the last Wednesday 
of May current agreeable to the Constitution or Frame of gov- 
ernment for Massachusetts the Inhabitants were directed by the 
Selectmen to withdraw and bring in their votes for seven Repre- 
sentatives and then it was declared by the Selectmen that no 
votes would be received but such as are unfolded, and that they 
purpose the Poll shall be closed at $ past one Clock [128] the 
assessors to attend at the delivery of votes and the bell to begin 
tolling at 1 Clock and to continue tolling until the time of half 
an hour expire 

The votes being brought in for seven Representatives the num- 
ber of the same were found to be 1403 and upon assorting them 
it appeared that the following seven Gentlemen had obtained a 
majoritv of votes Viz*. 

Votes 

Joseph Russell Esq. 1332 

William Smith Esq. 1323 

John Lowell Jun. Esq. 1098 

Mr. Samuel Cobb 1310 

Samuel Parkman Esq. 1132 

Joseph Hall Esq. 1083 

Nathan Frazer Esq. 1064 

The votes given for such as did not obtain 

Votes 

William Eustis Esq. ----_.... 289 
James Bowdoin Esq. 303 

*Thls relates to a By-Law passed in 1785, it being deemed necessary, owing to the 
excessive expenditure at funerals, to regulate the outward forms of mourning to the 
most simple observance, such as a piece of black crape upon the arm for men, and 
a black hat or bonnet, ribbons or fan for the women. 



70 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Charles Jarvis Esq. ........ - 19 

John Winthrop Esq. ......... 152 

William Tudor Esq .......... 189 

Hon ble Benjamin Austin Jun. Esq. ..... 28 

Russell Sturgis Esq. - ........ 25 

Samuel Brown Esq. ......... 16 

Josiah Quincy Esq. -" ........ 12 

Nat 1 . Fellows Esq. .......... 11 

The other votes given in were scattering and not entered in this 
book but are named in the paper filed with the rough minutes. 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen. The Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. was chosen Moder- 
ator of this meeting in order that the Town [129] might proceed 
in transacting the other business mentioned in the warrant. 

Adjourned to 4 clock P. M. 
At three clock PM met according to adjournment. 

Mr. Low was on motion excused serving as Constable 

A schedule of the Town expences was reported and on motion, 
Voted that the same be printed & delivered to the Inhabitants 

The committee appointed to audit the Town Treasurers accounts 
have attended that service and report that they find the accounts 
well vouched and rightly cast that there was due to the Town 
the 30 th . April last, by the Books (exclusive o.f the money appro- 
propriated for the building a new almshouse of 



$35096 .. 59 .. 3 
From which must be deducted Viz*. 

Towns powder - - 1041 . 94 . 5 
Interest Acc - - 3302 . 70 . 1 
suppose abatem*. on '98 Tax 4000 . ,, ,, 8344 .. 64 .. 6 



$26751 .. 94 .. 7 



There is due from the Collectors Viz. 



Benjamin Henderson - 10520 . 58 
Thomas Bailey - - - 14187 . 98 
James Thompson - - 14477 .. 9 
Benjamin Jepson - - 11672 .. 68 

$50,858 .. 33 

On the other side is an estimate for the necessary expences of 
the current year, and your Commissioners are of opinion that a 
Tax of 60.000 dollars ought to be laid to defray the same 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1799. 71 

They annex the Treasurers general accounts and a trial Balance 
of his books 

all which is submitted 

Herman Brimmer ^ 
Joseph Russell Jun r . > Com. 
Samuel Brown ) 

[13O.] The aforegoing Report having been read & considered 
the same was accepted, whereupon 

Voted, That the sum of Sixty thousand dollars be raised by a 
tax to be assessed on the Polls and estates of the Inhabitants of 
the Town to defray the expences of the current year. 

Voted, that the sum of Six hundred sixty six dollars be allowed 
and paid unto Samuel Clap for his services as Town Treasurer the 
present year, the same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become 
due, and to commence first March last. 

Voted, that the sum of Six hundred and sixty six dollars be 
allowed and paid unto William Cooper for his services as Town 
Clerk the present year, the same to be paid him quarterly as it 
shall become due and to commence from 1 st . March last. 

Voted, that the sum of Four hundred thirty three dollars be 
allowed to each of the assessors for their respective services 
the present year, the same to be paid them quarterly as it shall 
become due and to commence the first of March last. 

The choice of Officers wanted referred to the adjournment. 

The application of Josiah Knapp for liberty to fill up the Dock 
between his land and that of Mr. Healey etc. read, whereupon 

Voted that the Prayer of Mr. Knapp be so far granted that the 
Selectmen be a Committee to settle with him on the principle to 
secure the Town from any encroachment from the Petitioner, and 
to secure the rights of the Town. 

[131.] Another petition from Josiah Knapp to purchase a 
lot of land lying on Beach Street, belonging to the Town read, 
whereupon, 

Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby [are] authorized and 
empowered to dispose of said piece of Land in the manner printed 
out by a By Law of this Town 

The article in warrant relative to securing the Towns land on 
the neck, read, and the Selectmen appointed a Committee to 
consider the same and report thereon at the adjournment. 



72 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The application of several of the Inhabitants relative to a 
supply of monies for the Board of health, read, whereupon, 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and hereby is authorized 
and empowered to borrow for the use of the Board of Health a 
sum not exceeding Two thousand dollars 

The Articles in the Warrant viz that such further By Laws be 
made as shall appear necessary to improve the Police of the 
Town, read, whereupon 

Voted, that Mr. Bourne 

Judge Sullivan 

Mr. Sherburne 

Cap*. Prince 

Mr. Lowell Jun r . 

be a Committee to Report such By Laws as may be necessary for 
said purpose. 

The article in the warrant relative to the increase of Negroes 
from West Indies &c. read, whereupon Voted, that the afore- 
going Committee on the By-laws be a Committee to consider this 
article and report thereon. 

The prayer of Judge Wendell for an exchange of land with 
the Town on Fort hill read whereupon 

[133.] Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to 
consider this matter and to report their opinion thereon 

The application of Auctioneers for leave to expose their 
merchandize in the Streets read and debated and leave given 
for withdrawing their petition 

Article in the warrant relative to the expediency of having a 
cellar under Faneuil Hall Market, read whereupon voted that 
this matter be left to the Selectmen, they to proceed therein as 
shall be judged to be for the Interest of the Town 

The article in' Warrant relative to Major Wilds request for a 
Gunhouse to be considered at the adjournment. 

Adjourned to Friday 24 th . inst. 10 oClock Forenoon. 

Friday the 24 th . May 10 oClock Forenoon met according to 
adjournment. 

The Committee to whom was referred the consideration of 
what measures might be taken relative to the negroes in the Town 
of Boston have attended that service and beg leave to report as 
their opinion that the Commonwealth is deeply interested in the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1799. 73 

great influx of Negroes and the other people of colour both from 
the West Indies & the Southern States. That your Committee 
have not had sufficient time to mature the subject so as to form a 
digested Plan to remedy the mischief. They however recommend 
to the town to appoint a Committee to apply to the General Court 
at their next session for their interposition and aid in the 
Premises, all which is humbly submitted. 

Shearjasheb Bourne 

[133.] The aforegoing Report having been read the Town 
accepted of the same and appointed Shearjasheb Bourne, Judge 
Sullivan, William Sherburne Esq., Cap*. Prince & John Lowell 
Jun. Esq the Committee for the purposes mentioned in said 
report 

The Inhabitants having brought in their votes as directed by 
the Selectmen for one Selectman in the room of Joseph May Esq. 
who had resigned and the same having been counted it appeared 
that 

Mr. John Tileston 
was chosen having 105 votes out of 199. 

A memorial of the assessors was read and on motion, Voted 
that the sum of One hundred dollars be allowed to each of the 
assessors the present year on account of the rise of Provisions, 
as has been for several years past the vote of the 14 th . instant 
notwithstanding. 

Article in warrant relative to a Gun house taken up where- 
upon, Voted that the Selectmen be directed to accommodate Mr. 
Wilds Company of Artillery with sufficient ground at the easterly 
end of the South Burying place on the common for the purpose 
of erecting a gun house thereon. 

Votes brought in for one Constable, when it appeared that 
Cap*. Joseph Ingraham was chosen 

The Selectmen to whom was referred the request of Oliver 
Wendell Esq for exchange of land on Fort hill reported, that 
Oliver Wendell Esq being absent they conversed with his attor- 
ney and with the abuttors on the land proposed to be exchanged, 
and are of opinion that* an exchange would be for the advantage 
of the Town provided suitable conditions could be agreed on 
Charles Bulfinch 

Chairman, per order. 

[134.] The aforegoing report having been read the same 
was accepted by the Town and the Selectmen authorized & em- 
powered to settle and complete the business with Mr. Wendell 

The Committee on the subject of By-laws reported the form of 



74 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

a law to regulate the paving of the streets and to remove Incum- 
brances on the same, which though read and accepted by the 
Town the Court of sessions thought they could not legally take 
up the matter, and it has since been made a law of this Common- 
wealth also a By-Law for the regulating of trucks carts and 
other carriages which has been approved of by the Court of Ses- 
sions and is as follows Viz 1 . For the regulation of Trucks Carts 
and other carriages in the Streets of Boston. 

That the selectmen be authorized within one month after the 
publication of this By-law and from time to time afterwards as 
occasion may require to appoint such and so many stands for all 
kinds of Carts Trucks and Wheelbarrows as to them shall appear 
requisite, to some one or other of which stands all drivers of such 
Carts and Trucks shall repair with their carriages and horses 
when unemployed in the day, And any driver or owner of such 
Cart Truck or Wheelbarrow who shall stand in any other place 
than such as shall be directed by the Selectmen shall forfeit and 
pay for every offence One dollar 

Each and every driver or owner of a cart or truck shall place 
his horses and cart or trucks length-ways close to the Posts or 
abutting stone of the footwalk of the Street in which he shall 
stand under the penalty of One dollar for every neglect. 

And no more than one range of Carts or Trucks shall stand in 
Streets not more than 30 feet wide and not more than one range 
on each side in streets which are of a greater width than 30 feet 
and in squares and other large & open [135] places they shall 
be arranged by order and conform to the directions of the Select- 
men or the surveyors of high ways, and every driver neglecting to 
conform to this law shall forfeit and pay one dollar for every 
offence. 

If any Waggoner, Carter, Truckman or other Driver of any Car- 
riage, Sled or Sleigh for pleasure or burthen shall stop or place 
any such carriage Sled or Sleigh in any such manner as to cross 
the street or foot path or prevent other carriages or foot passen- 
gers from passing in the direction of such street and shall not in 
five minutes after the request of any passenger cause the same to 
be removed or shall be absent therefrom so that such request 
cannot be made, every person so offending shall forfeit and pay 
for every offence One dollar. 

All which fines and forfeitures upon conviction before any 
Court proper to try the same shall be one moiety to and for the 
use of the Poor of the Town of Boston and the other moiety to 
him or them who shall inform or prosecute for the same. 

On motion voted that all matters which shall remain unfinished 
be referred to the next general meeting that shall be called. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1799. 75 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to the Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq Moderator for his good ser- 
vices in the dispatch given the business of the meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[136] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
public town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 
4 th . day of July AD 1799. 

Warrant for calling the meeting Read. 
William Cooper chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed last year to make choice of a Gen- 
tleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Independence. 
Reported, that they had made choice of John Lowell Jun Esq who 
has accepted the appointment 

On motion adjourned to Old South Church when agreeable to 
Information of the Chairman of the selectmen 

AN ORATION. 

to commemorate the Independence of the United States was de- 
livered by John Lowell Jun Esq at the Old South Church. 

On motion voted that the Selectmen be a Committee to wait on 
John Lowell Jun Esq and in the name of the Town to thank him 
for the spirited and elegant Oration this day delivered by him at 
the request of the Town, upon the Anniversary of the Indepen- 
dence of the United States of America in which according to the 
institution of the Town he considered the feelings manners and 
principles which led to that great National event, and to request 
of him a Copy thereof for the press. 

[137] On motion, Voted, that the Gentlemen Selectmen be 
and hereby are appointed a Committee to apply to some one able 
and learned Gentlemen to deliver an Oration on the fourth of 
July, AD, 1800, that day being the Anniversary of the Indepen- 
dence of the United States of America ; wherein the'Orator is to 
consider the feelings manners and principles which led to this 
great national event, as well as the important and happy effects 
whether general or domestic which have already or will forever 
flow from that conspicuous Epoch 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



76 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

At a meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public 
Town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday, the 
Twenty fifth day of September, Anno Domini 1799. 10 Clock 
AM 

Warrant for calling a meeting - - Read. 

General Elliot, chosen Moderator by a hand vote, being by his 
desire excused. 

General Winslow chosen Moderator, and being by his desire 
also excused. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq was chosen Moderator and 
took the chair accordingly. 

The article in the warrant viz. whether any and what measures 
shall be taken to carry into effect the will of the late Thomas 
Boylston Esq. was read 

[138.] Whereupon, Voted, that 

Hon ble . James Sullivan Esq 
Dr. Charles Jarvis (excused) 
Hon ble . Harrison G. Otis Esq 
Hon bie . George R. Minot Esq 
John Davis Esq 
John Lowell Jun Esq 
Hon ble . Robt T Paine Esq 
Hon ble Judge Dawes 

be a Committee to take this matter into consideration and to 

report on the same at the adjournment. 

The article in the warrant relative to a gun house at the bottom 
of the Common and a petition of a large number of the Inhabitants 
for reconsidering the Vote of the Town permitting its erection, 
were read Voted that the Petitioners have leave to withdraw 
their petition 

The article in the warrant viz " To consider the Report of the 
Selectmen with respect to such streets as have been laid out by 
them, also the expediency of widening several streets and whether 
the Town will appropriate any money to defray the expence 
thereof " was read and accepted, also 

Voted that the sum of Four thousand dollars be appropriated 
for the purpose of defraying the charge of widening such streets 
as the Selectmen may judge proper 

The Selectmen appointed to regulate the Jury Boxes according 
to Law 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1799. 77 

The article relative to speedy collecting of the Tax for 1798 
read whereupon Voted that the Selectmen be directed to call 
upon the Collectors and press their exerting themselves for the 
speedy collection of the Tax of 1798, and that the same be 
published. 

[139.] Messrs. Daniel Ingersol Jun 

William Andrews 
were chosen Surveyors of Boards for the present year 

Adjourned to Wednesday the 23 d October next 10 Clock AM 

Wednesday Oct 23, 1799. 10 Clock AM met according to 
adjournment 

The Committee on the will of the late Thomas Boylston, 
reported as follows viz . 

That they have attended to the opinion given thereon by a 
Council in London as the same is annexed to a copy of the will : 
and are nevertheless of opinion that the Town of Boston are 
entitled to the property and as a Corporation may sue for the 
same. 

And that it is expedient for the Town to appoint Agents with 
power of substitution, giving to them authority to pursue all 
measures to carry the will into effect. 

That the Selectmen have authority to make provision for 
defraying all expences attending the business 

) James Sullivan 

October 21. 1799 f Chairman 

The aforegoing Report having been read and considered the 
question was put, viz. Whether said Report shall be accepted 
Passed in the affirmative, also 

Voted, that the Gentlemen Selectmen be the Agents for 
carrying said Report into effect 

Voted, that all matters which remain unfinished be referred to 
the next General Town meeting 

Voted, that the thanks of this Town be given to Hon ble . Thomas 
Dawes Esq. for his good services as Moderator 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



[14O.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabit- 
ants of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public Town 



78 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 30 th . December 
AD 1799 10 Clock AM 

Warrant for calling the meeting Read 

The Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. was chosen Moderator. 

The article in the warrant viz to consider what measures shall 
be taken by the Town on occasion of the sorrowful and distress- 
ing event of the death of the late Lieu*. GEORGE WASHINGTON, in 
testimony of the high respect and esteem entertained by his 
fellow Citizens for so illustrious a character, the following votes 
were passed unanimously viz 

Voted that a Committee be appointed consisting of eighteen of 
which the Selectmen shall form a constituent part to devise and 
recommend to the Inhabitants such marks of mourning and other 
expressions of public sensibility on the late afflictive event as to 
the said Committee shall appear just and appropriate and that 
such measures as they shall recommend to the Inhabitants through 
the medium of the public papers shall be by them immediately 
adopted. 

Voted that said Committee be desired to elect and request one 
of our fellow Citizens to pronounce an eulogium on the memory 
of the late GEN L . WASHINGTON at such time and place as they 
shall think proper. 

[141.] Voted, that in addition to the Gentlemen the select- 
men 

The Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. 
Hon ble . John C. Jones Esq. 
Hon ble . Judge Minot 

Josiah Quincy Esq. 
Col. Revere 
Col. Bradford 
Gen 1 . Elliot 
Gen 1 . Winslow 
Joseph Russell Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed the Committee for carrying into 
effect the aforegoing votes. 

The article in the warrant relative to old State house was 
read whereupon 

Voted that the Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq., Oliver Wendell Esq., 
the Senators of this district and the Representatives of the Town 
of Boston be authorized with full powers to make any contract 
with the General Court relative to the Old Town house and the 
land on which it stands, on terms which to them may appear most 
for the advantage and honor of the Town 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1800. 79 

Voted, that the thanks of the Town be given to Hon ble . Thomas 
Dawes Esq for his good services as moderator of the meeting. 

Then the meeting was Dissolved. 



18OO. 

[142.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabit- 
ants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
public town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
tenth day of March Anno Domini 1800, 9Clock Forenoon. 
Prayer was made by Rev d . Dr. Howard. 

Warrant for calling a meeting was read 

Sundry laws to be read at this meeting were accordingly read. 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. was chosen Moderator by a hand 
vote. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
votes for a Town Clerk and the same being brought in and 
counted it appeared that 

William Cooper Esq. 

was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensuing ; and the oath of 
office was administered by Mr. Justice Sherburne 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
votes for nine Selectmen and upon assorting them it appeared that 
the following Gentlemen were chosen Viz 

Charles Bulfinch Esq 
David Tilden Esq 
Russell Sturgis Esq 
Cap*. Joseph Howard 
Eben r . Hancock 
William Porter 
William Sherburne Esq. 
John Tileston 
Ebenezer Oliver 

[143.] The votes being brought in for Overseers of the 
Poor as directed, upon assorting them it appeared that 

Edward Proctor Esq. 
John Sweetser Esq. 
Jon a . L. Austin Esq. 
Mr. Edward Edes 
Henry Hill Esq 
William Smith Esq 



80 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

William Phillips Esq. 
M. Oliver Brewster 
Arnold Welles Jun r Esq 
Doct Redford Webster 
Thomas Perkins Esq. 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the year ensuing. 

The Inhabitants brought in their votes for 24 Firewards when it 
appeared that 

Thomas Melvill Esq 

Edward Edes 

Amasa Davis Esq 

Samuel Parkman Esq. 

Russell Sturgis Esq 

Henry Jackson 

William Scollay 

Joseph May Esq 

Cap*. Robert Gardner 

John May 

William Brown Esq 

Nathaniel Fellows Esq 

Samuel Bradford Esq 

Mr. Joseph Head 

Thomas H. Perkins Esq 

John Win slow Esq 

Capt. Joseph Howard 

Benjamin Jay [Joy?] 

Stephen Codman Esq 

Andrew Cunningham Esq 

John Bray 

Thomas Dennie Esq 

Gen'l Simon Elliot Esq 
[144.] Mr. Gorman Parsons 

were chosen Fire-wards for the year ensuing. 

Voted that the thanks of the Town be given to Mr. Samuel 
Cobb who has resigned as a selectman, for his good services 
while in that office Also to Jabez Hatch Esq. Joseph Russell 
Esq who have declined serving as firewards for their good services 
in that Office a number of years past, and to Rev. Doct Stillman 
and Dr. Spooner who declined serving as a school committee, for 
their good services a number of years past. 

Samuel Clap Esq 
was chosen Town Treasurer for the year ensuing. 

Votes for a treasurer for the County of Suffolk brought in and 
counted by the moderator and Town Clerk, when it appeared that 
the whole number [was] 208 all of which were [for] Ebenezer 
Sever Esq a suitable person & a freeholder and resident in said 
Countv 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1800. 81 

Voted that in addition to the Selectmen twelve persons shall 
now be chosen as a school committee and the votes being brought 
in and assorted it appear'd that the following Gentlemen were 
chosen Viz 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. 

Sam 1 . West DD. 

Joseph Eckley DD. 

Rev d . Mr. Kirkland 

Doct Thomas Welsh 

Doct Aaron Dexter 

Mr. William Smith 

Mr. Arnold Welles Jun 

Edward Gray Esq 

David Green Esq 

Rufus G. Amory Esq 

Josiah Quincy Esq. 

[145.] Voted that the above named Gentlemen who 
conjunctly with the Selectmen are termed the School Committee 
be and hereby are directed to carry the new system of Education 
which has been adopted by the town into operation by said com- 
mittee [and] are also authorized & impowered conjunctly to 
manage and regulate the Officers & government of the Schools and 
in future to exercise all the power relating [to] the Schools and 
School masters, which the Selectmen or such Committees were 
authorized by the laws of this Commonwealth or the Votes of the 
Town to exercise ; any former vote of the Town to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are directed to set for 
such abatement of taxes as they shall judge reasonable two days 
in such weeks, after the delivery of the tax books to the collectors, 
for the space of six weeks and no longer, saving they be allowed 
to sit the last week in February, (Lords days excepted) for the 
abatement of the Taxes of such persons as had not an oppor- 
tunity of applying in the above limited time by reason of their 
being out [of] the Commonwealth, or any other unavoidable 
hindrance, and that the Assessors determine on the said two days, 
which is to be voted on, the tax bills to be delivered the 
Inhabitants 

The Votes being brought in for assessors & counted and 
assorted it appeared that Messrs. 

John R Sigourney 

Caleb Blanchard 

Ebenezer Sever Esq 

John Hurd Esq 

Mr. Benjamin Hammatt Junior 
were chosen assessors for the year ensuing 

Voted that Five per cent be and hereby are allowed to the Col- 



82 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

lectors of taxes for the year ensuing for all such sums of money 
and public Securities as they shall collect & pay in to the several 
Treasurers of the sums committed to them to collect, also that such 
Collectors shall give bond with sufficient sureties to the satisfaction 
of the Selectmen for the faithful discharge of their duty in said 
office and [146] complying with this vote, and that they will not 
receive any premium or gratuity for discounting any orders & 
notes on receipts from the Treasurer of this State or the Treas- 
urer of this Town 

The Votes being brought in for four Collectors of Taxes it ap- 
peared that 

Messrs. Benjamin Henderson 
Thomas Bayley 
James Thompson 
Benjamin Jepson 
were chosen Collectors of Taxes for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Shubael Hewes 

Thomas Stevenson 
Amos Lewis 
Jirah Holbrook 
Samuel White 
Enoch May 
Abraham Tuckerman 
Noah Butts 
John Trench 
Samuel Gridley 
Andrew Townsend 
Joseph Ingraham 
were chosen Constables for the year ensuing. 

Votes for 12 Surveyors of boards and shingles were brought in, 
when it appeared that 

Messrs. Joshua Bentley 

Benjamin White 

Benjamin Page 

James Blake 

John Cogswell 

Edmund Ranger 

William Clouston 

William Darracott 

William Ellison 

James Robbins 

William Andrews 

Daniel Ingersoll 
were chosen Surveyors of boards & shingles for the year ensuing. 

[147.] Voted tha Herman Brimmer Esq 
Joseph Russell Esq 
Samuel Brown Esq 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1800. 83 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to audit the accounts of 
the Town Treasurer and also the accounts of the Selectmen. Over- 
seers of the Poor and board of Health, and said Committee are 
also directed to report the sum necessary to be raised for the 
services of the present year. 

On motion Voted that 

Joseph Russell Esq 

William Parsons 

John C. Jones Esq 

be a committee to consider what number of Cullers of staves and 
hoops shall be chosen for the year ensuing 

Adjourned to 3 oClock P. M. 

At three oClock P M the Town met according to adjournment. 

Messrs. Thomas Bradlee 
David Hollis 
Nathaniel Loring 
Thomas Sullivan 
were chosen Sealers of leather for the year ensuing 

Messrs. Benjamin White 
Moses Ayers 
Daniel Ingersol 
William Darricot 
were chosen Fence viewers for the year ensuing 

Messrs. George Hamlin 
Barney Connor 
William Wheeler 
were chosen Hogreeves for the year ensuing 

Messrs. George Hamlin 
Barney Connor 
William Wheeler 
were chosen Haywards for the year ensuing 

Messrs. Jeflfry Richardson 

Isaac P. Davis 
were chosen Surveyors of Hemp for the year ensuing 

[148.] Edward Tuckerman Esq. 

Mr. Edward Edes 
were chosen Surveyors of wheat for the year ensuing 

Messrs. John Wells 

William Cooper Hunneman 
were chosen Assay Masters for the year ensuing. 



84 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The Selectmen 
were chosen Surveyors of Highway for the year ensuing 

Messrs. Roger Barlett 

Jonathan Gushing 
Joseph Doble 
William Late 
were chosen cullers of dry fish for the year ensuing 

Mr. Edward Rumley 
was chosen Inspector of Stone lime for the year ensuing. 

The article in the warrant, viz ' ' To act upon the petition of 
Nathaniel Patten of Roxbury that the Town would sell or lease 
to him a spot of ground adjoining the Ropewalk on Boston 
Neck, and to consider what measures shall be taken to improve 
the Towns property there," was read : Whereupon Voted that the 
Gentlemen Selectmen be a committee to take said Petition and 
the Subject of the Towns lands on the neck into full considera- 
tion, and to report at May meeting 

The petition of Mr. John Kuhn in behalf of himself and 
William Kempton that the Town would remit their proportion of 
the Fine incurred by them for erecting a building contrary to law, 
in conformity to a resolve of the Hon ble . Legislature passed for 
their relief was read and considered and the question being put 
viz Whether the prayer of this petition shall be granted passed in 
the affirmative. 

The article in the warrant viz "To consider whether any and 
what measures shall be taken to endeavour to effect the permanent 
establishment of a Dock Yard [149] for the continental nary 
within the limits of the town was read, whereupon Voted that 
Messrs. William Parsons 

Edmund Hart 

John Coffin Jones Esq 

Samuel Brown Esq 

Henry Jackson Esq 

be a committee to consider this article and report thereon at the 
adjournment of this meeting 

The article in the warrant viz Whether the Selectmen shall be 
empowered to carry into effect a vote of the town passed in 1791 
for erecting new stalls in market square to accommodate the per- 
sons frequenting the market and to remove the great number of 
carts and horses from the streets in that neighborhood " read and 
considered whereupon Voted that the Gentlemen Selectmen be 
directed to proceed in this business agreeable to the vote passed 
in 1791 and as they shall judge will be most for the interest of 
the Town 

Adjourned to Wednesday the 19 th . inst. 10 Clock AM. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1800. 85 

Wednesday March 19, 1800 10 Clock AM met according to 
adjournment 

Rev d . William Emmerson chosen one of the School committee 
in the room of Rufus G Amory who has resigned, and to whom a 
vote of thanks was given for his good services while of that 
committee 

Samuel Adams 

chosen into the office of a Hay ward, also that of a Hogreeve for 
the year ensuing. 

The Town having voted to choose four cullers of hoops and 
staves and the votes having been bro*. in accordingly it appeared 
that 

Messrs. Henry Purkitt 

Lemuel Gardner 
Thomas Barber 
James 'Eunson 
were chosen Cullers of hoops and Staves for the year ensuing 

[15O.] The committee appointed to consider whether any 
and what measures shall be taken to effect the establishment of a 
national dockyard within the limits of this Town ; have attended 
to the object of their commission and after [having] duly con- 
sidered the vacant lands in the north part of the town between 
Winnisimmet Ferry and the lower bridge, on Noddles Island the 
latter being within the limits of the town are convenient for a 
public Dock Yard but if the former of these situations is pre- 
ferred, the Town way must be included within the limits of the 
yard ; but as the United States will have jurisdiction over all 
places ceded to them the Committee prefer Noddles Island as a 
place where there will be less danger of a clashing of Jurisdiction 
and when [where] the people employed in the Dock Yard will be 
kept more easily under control of the national laws and have less 
intercourse with the other Inhabitants of the Town therefore the 
Committee have concluded to report that measures be taken to 
endeavour to effect the permanent establishment of a dock for the 
Continental Navy within the limits of this town and further 
propose that the board of Selectmen with William Parsons Henry 
Jackson John C Jones and Edmund Hart be authorized & re- 
quested to correspond with the Secretary of the Navy on this 
Subject, and further to take all prudent and reasonable measures 
that may be necessary to effect the contemplated establishment 

William Parsons 
Henry Jackson 
John C Jones 
Edmund Hart 

The aforegoing report having been read & amended the ques- 
tion was put viz. Whether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the affirmative. 



86 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Voted that all matters which shall remain unfinished at this 
meeting, be referred over to May meeting. 

[151.] Voted that the thanks of the town be given to the 
Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. the moderator of this meeting for 
his good services in the dispatch given the business which came 
before them. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a meeting of the male Inhabitants of the town of Boston of 
twenty-one years of age and upwards, qualified as the Constitu- 
tion prescribes, and legally warned in public town meeting 
assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the seventh day of April 
Anno Domini 1800, 9 Clock A M 

Prayer was made by Rev d . Doct Thatcher 
"Warrant for calling a meeting was - - Read 

Paragraph of the Constitution or Frame of Government rela- 
tive to the choice of Governor L l . Governor & Senators - Read 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Votes would be 
received but such as were unfolded, and that they propose the 
poll should be closed at half past One Clock the votes to be 
received at the table and the bells to begin ringing at one Clock, 
and to continue for half an hour 

Persons voted for as Governor, with the number of votes for 

each person Viz*. 

Votes. 

His Honor Moses Gill 8 

Hon ble Elbridge Gerry Esq 1555 

Hon ble Caleb Strong Esq 1531 

Hon ble Edward Hutchinson Esq - 2 

Hon we William Heath Esq 1 

*Persons voted for as Lt. Governor, with the number of votes 
for each person, Vizt. 

His Honor Moses Gill .3,035 

Hon bie Wm Heath Esq. - ' 26 

Hon ble Sam 1 Phillips Esq. 9 

Hon ble [Theophilus?]CushingEsq. 3 

Hon ble Caleb Strong Esq. 5 

Hon ble Fisher Ames Esq. 4 

Hon ble Elbridge Gerry - - 2 

Hon ble Edw. H. Bobbins Esq. 1 

Hon ble James Bowdoin 1 

*This list of candidates and voters was omitted from these records, and has been 
taken from the return filed in the Archives Department of the office of the Secretary 
of the Commonwealth. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1800. 87 

[152.] Persons voted for as Senators with the number of 
votes for each person Viz*. 

Votes 

Hon ble Thomas Dawes Esq 3000 

Hon ble Oliver Wendell Esq 3064 

Hon ble John C Jones Esq 3067 

William Eustis Esq 1553 

Hon ble Jonathan Mason - 1534 

Charles Jarvis Esq 20 

Hon ble James Bowdoin Esq 12 

John Codman Esq 41 

Hon ble Benjamin Austin Jun Esq 19 

William Smith Esq -.. 7 

Hon ble Theophilus Cushing Esq 3 

Samuel Brown Esq --- - l 

George Blake Esq 2 

Attested copies of the persons voted for as Governor L* 
Governor and Senators for the County of Suffolk were committed 
by the Town Clerk to the Secretary of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts and the inclosures sealed up in Town meeting 
subscribed as follows Viz' 

For John Avery Esq. 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

The number of votes for the Town of Boston, for a Governor 
L* Governor, and four Senators for the County of Suffolk, certi- 
fied within and sealed up in Town meeting 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



[153.] At a meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, duly qualified, and legally warned, in 
public Town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 
eighth day of April A D 1800, 10 Clock A M 

Warrant for calling the meeting - - Read 

Hon ble Thomas Dawes Esq 
was chosen Moderator for this meeting by a hand vote 

The article in the warrant relative to compensation to Judge of 
Municipal Court, and to choose a suitable person learned in law to 
appear as advocate in said Court and to grant him compensation 
was read, whereupon it was moved and voted that 

Joseph Russell Esq 

General Elliot 

Hon ble Thomas Dawes Esq 

Josiah Quincy Esq 

Mr Ebenezer Oliver 

Charles Bulfinch Esq 



88 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

be a committee to take the matter of compensation into considera- 
tion and report in this meeting 

The Inhabitants were directed to bring in their votes for a 
suitable person to appear as advocate in the Municipal Court, and 
the votes being brought in & assorted it appeared that 

John Phillips, was chosen. 

The Committee chosen to consider what sum would be an ade- 
quate compensation to t'he Judge of the Municipal Court, and to 
the Advocate for the Town in the said Court report, 

That in the year 1797 the Town voted that such a Court was 
expedient and necessary, and directed an application to be made 
to the legislature for its establishing 

[154.] This application has been several time under consider- 
ation in the General Court and at the last session of the Legislat- 
ure received their sanction and was established by law 

The committee in proposing a sum as compensation to the 
Judge and Advocate which are to be appointed are desirous 
of naming what would be honorable to the Town and would 
insure the services of Gentletaen of abilities and respectability, 
at the same time they wish to pay a proper regard to decent 
economy 

The committee would suggest that by the law the salary now to 
be voted cannot be reduced during the continuance of the Judge 
in his office but may be increased at the pleasure of the Town if 
upon experience it should not prove adequate to the services per- 
formed ; the Committee therefore propose that the sum of Five 
hundred dollars Pr Annum be allowed as salary to the Judge of the 
Municipal Court, and that the sum of Two hundred dollars Pr 
Annum be allowed to the Town Advocate these Officers to 
account respectively to the Town Treasurer for the Fees and 
Fines arising in their respective offices 

Joseph Russell Pr Order 

The aforegoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put, Viz. shall it be accepted passed in the 
affirmative. 

Then the Meeting dissolved. 



[155.] At a meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the town of Boston duly qualified, and legally warned in pub- 
lic town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the thir- 
teenth day of May AD 1800 10 Clock AM - 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1800. 89 

Prayer was made by Rev d . Doct. Elliot 
Warrant for calling the meeting Read 

That part of the constitution or frame of government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives Read 

The law relative to mourning,* and extracts from several laws to 
be read in Town meeting 

The Town having determined by a vote to choose seven 
persons to represent them in the General Court of Massachusetts 
to be held in the State house in Boston on the last Wednesday of 
May current, agreeable to the Constitution or frame of govern- 
ment for Massachusetts ; the Inhabitants were directed by the 
Selectmen to withdraw and bring in their votes for seven Repre- 
sentatives, and then it was declared by the Selectmen that no votes 
would be received but such as are unfolded, and that they pur- 
pose the poll shall be closed at half -past One Clock the 
assessors to attend at the delivery of the votes, and the bell to 
begin tolling at One Clock, and to continue tolling until a half an 
hour is expired. 

The votes being brought in for seven Representatives the 
whole number of the same were found to be 2449, and upon 
assorting them it appeared that the following seven Gentlemen 
had obtained a majority of the votes Viz*. 

Votes 

Joseph Russell Esq. 2417 

William Smith Esq. .... V ... . 2429 

John Lowell Jun Esq. --- 1552 

Mr. Samuel Cobb 2361 

Samuel Parkman Esq. 2405 

Joseph Hall Esq. 1559 

Nathan Fraser Esq. .- 1552 

The votes given for such as did not obtain a majority were for 

William Tudor Esq 882 

William Eustis Esq 911 

James Bowdoin Esq -- -- 886 

besides a few scattering votes. 

[156.] The choice of Representatives being over and de- 
clared by the Selectmen 

The Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. 

was chosen Moderator of this meeting in order that the town 
might proceed in transacting the other business mentioned in the 
warrant 

Adjourned to 4 Clock PM 

* See foot-note on page 69. 



90 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

At 3 [4 ?] oClock PM the town met according to adjournment 

On motion Voted that the choice of an assessor in the room of 
Mr. Blanchard lately deceased be referred over to the adjourn- 
ment Also 

Voted, that the Selectmen request the Committee relative to 
cullers of Staves to report suitable persons for that office, if they 
should think a further number to be necessary. 

The memorial of the Board of Health was read but it was the 
sense of the Town that it should not be acted upon until the 
Committee on money matters report. 

The article in the warrant viz Whether the Town will empower 
the Selectmen to sell part of a piece of land at the head of 
Middlecot street so called lately bought of Thomas Dennie" 
read; whereupon, Voted that the Gentlemen Selectmen be, and 
they hereby are authorized and impowered to dispose of said 
piece of land for the most it will fetch, and to apply the proceeds 
thereof to defray the expences of the new street, and the neces- 
sary repairs for Beacon Hill. 

The application of John L. Sullivan in behalf of himself and 
Sarah Russell a minor, that the Town would accept a Street lead- 
ing from Summer Street to Pond Street through lands of the late 
Thomas Russell in the words following viz "The Subscriber 
requests that a Street may be laid out from Summer Street to 
Pond Street, through land of Thomas Russells' Esq. deceased and 
now the property of the Subscriber and of Sarah Russell a minor, 
as follows beginning at a point 154 feet east [157] of the east- 
erly side of Arch Street thence running South westerly to land 
of the heirs of John Rowe Esq 260 feet, and being thirty five feet 
wide thence four feet Northeasterly on said Rowes Land 
then Southwesterly on said Rowes brick house to Pond Street said 
Street to be thirty feet wide at the North corner of said brick 
house, thence Northeasterly thirty five feet wide to Summer 
Street. The Subscriber engages that the Town shall be at no 
expence for the land so laid out into a Street, or for the fences 
that may be necessary to enclose it ; that he will put the said 
Street into good order for the convenient passing of carriages, 
and will not expect any expence laid out thereon by the Town, 
until in the judgement of the Selectmen, the interest of the town 
or the claims of persons resident there, shall make it necessary 
that the same shall become a Town charge" 

signed John L Sullivan 

Therefore be it Known, that on the thirteenth day of May in 
the year of our Lord Eighteen hundred, The Selectmen, hav- 
ing considered the premises, do hereby lay out the aforedescribed 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1800. 91 

piece of land aa a public Street or Town way and it is accordingly 
appropriated as a Street or way for the said Town forever by the 
name of Plymouth Street subject to the approbation and acceptance 
of the Town 

Charles Bulfinch "^ 
David Tilden 
Joseph Howard 
W m Porter 
W m Sherburne 
John Tileston 
Ebenr. Oliver 
Kussell Sturgis J 

At a meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston legally 
warned and assembled May 13, 1800. The above described 
Street was accepted as a public Street 

Att William Cooper Town Clerk 

[158.] The warrant at the request of the School Committee 
relative to the expediency of establishing a new School, was read 
and a further consideration of this request is to subside 

The petition of a number of Blacks was read and after debate, 
they had leave to withdraw their petition. 

Adjourned to Wednesday 21 May inst 10 Clock AM. 

Wednesday May 21. 1800, The Town met according to adjourn- 
ment 

The Committee appointed to audit the Town Treasurers 
Accounts have attended that service and report, that they find 

the Selectmen's drafts amounts to 37230.82 

Overseer drafts 1549.90 

Board of Health drafts 5039. 4 



X53819.76 
Committee for Building Almshouse A/C 18500 



$72319.76 

Your Committee found his accounts well vouched & right cast 
and there was due to the Town the 30 th Ult. by the books after 

all the drafts are paid 27450.36.3 

From which must be deducted 
Towns powder - - - - 1041.94.5 
Acc. Interest paid - - - 4480.71.1 
Abatem*. "99 Tax suppose - 5000. 
Collectors Commissions - - 4000.30.4 

14523. 



leaves a balance of $12927.36.3 



92 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

There is due to the Town from Collectors on '99 Tax 

Benjamin Jepson ------- 13645.43 

Benjamin Henderson ------ 10267. 

Thomas Bayley 18539.93 

James Thompson 14139.89 



56592.25 

[159.] And there is due from the Town 

To the Union Banks 20,500 

To several persons p r Notes - - - 7962 .. 13 .. 3 



28462 .. 13. .3 

Your Committee are of opinion that the same sums as above will 
be necessary to pay the Selectmen's Overseers & board of 
healths drafts for the year ensuing which amounts to 

53819 . 76 
Also one years interest on the 28962 .. 13 .. 3 1710 . 24 



55530 . 
And they recommend a tax to be laid for 60,000 . . 

Annexed to the Treasurers general accounts a trial balance of 
his books also the Board of Healths account all which is 
respectfully submitted. 

Herman Brimmer 



Joseph Russell 
Samuel Brown ) I 

The aforegoing Report having been read and considered by the 
Town, the same was accepted, whereupon. 

Voted that the sum of Sixty thousand dollars be raised by a 
tax to be assessed on the Polls, and estates of the Inhabitants of 
the Town to defray the expences of the current year. 

Voted that the sum of Six hundred & sixty six dollars be 
allowed and paid unto Samuel Clap Esquire for his services as 
Town Treasurer the present year, the same to be paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence on the first of 
last March 

Voted that the sum of Six hundred & sixty six dollars be 
allowed and paid unto "William Cooper Esq. for his services as 
Town Clerk the present year, the same to be paid him quarterly 
as it shall become due, and to commence on the first of March 
last. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1800. 93 

Voted, That the sum of Four hundred & thirty three dollars be 
allowed and paid unto each of the Assessors for their respective 
services the present year, the same to be paid them quarterly, as 
it shall become due a-nd to commence the first of March last. 

[16O.] Voted that the further sum of One hundred dollars 
be allowed and paid the assessors respectively in the manner 
aforesaid, in consideration of the rise of Provisions 

Voted that the Town Treasurer be authorized and empowered 
to borrow on lawful interest for the use of the Board of Health as 
there may be occasion a sum not exceeding Four thousand 
dollars 

On motion, Voted that the thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Board of Health for their eminent service in the 
discharge of the duties of their Office the last year. 

The votes were brought in for one assessor in the room of Mr. 
Blanchard lately deceased there being no choice the afternoon 
was assigned for that purpose 

On motion Voted that the Thanks of the town be given to the 
jj on bie. xhomas Dawes Esq. for his good services as moderator 

Adjourned to 3 Clock P M 

At Three Clock PM the Town met according to adjournment, 
Col. Dawes the moderator, being necessarily absent on public 
business 

David Tilden Esq. 
was chosen moderator by a hand Vote. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their votes 
for an assessor, and the same being brought and counted it 
appeared that the whole number was 708, and that 

Mr. Jedidiah Parker 
was chosen an assessor for the year ensuing - - - 469 votes 

Voted that all matters and things which remain unfinished be 
referred over to the next General Town meeting that shall be 
called. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[161.] At a meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public 
town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the fourth day 
of July Anno Domini 1800 



94 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Warrant for calling the meeting - - Read 
William Cooper, chosen Moderator 

The Committee appointed last year to make choice of a Gentle- 
man to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Independence, 
Reported, That they had made choice of Joseph Hall Esq. who 
has accepted the appointment, 

On motion, adjourned to Old south Church, when agreeable to 
the information of the Chairman of the Selectmen 

AN ORATION 

To commemorate the Independence of the United States was 
delivered by Joseph Hall Esq. at the Old South Church 

On motion voted that the Selectmen be a Committee to wait on 
Joseph Hall Esq. and in the name of the Town to thank him for 
the elegant and spirited Oration this day delivered by him at the 
request of the Town upon the Anniversary of the Independence 
of the United States of America, in which according to the 
institution of the Town he considered the feelings manners & 
principles which led to that great national event. 

On motion voted that the Gentlemen Selectmen be and hereby 
are appointed a Committee to apply to some one able and 
learned Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the fourth day of 
July A D 1801, that day being the Anniversary of the Indepen- 
dence of the United States of America wherein the Orator is to 
consider the feelings manners and [162] principles which led to 
this great national event ; as well as the important and happy 
effects whether general or domestic which have already or will 
forever flow from that auspicious epoch. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public Town 
meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday 27 Aug*. AD 
1800, 10 oClock AM 

Warrant for calling the meeting - - Read 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. 
chosen Moderator of the meeting. 

The article in the warrant relative to the right of the town in 
the Old State House read & considered whereupon Voted that 
Joseph Russell Esq. and John Lowell Jun Esq be and they 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1800. 95 

hereby are appointed Agents and Attornies in behalf of the town 
to appear at the Supreme Judicial Court now sitting in this town, 
and defend in the name of and hehalf of the town against a peti- 
tion for partition of Old State house in Boston filed by the 
Attorney General in behalf of the Commonwealth, and upon which 
Persons who were interested were directed to appear at the pres- 
ent term And the said Agents and each of them are hereby 
authorized to appear in said cause and to represent the Town and 
to do every needful relative thereto until a final determination of 
the same. 

[163.] The article in the warrant viz "to consider the 
expediency of enlarging the South burying ground'"' was read 
whereupon voted that the consideration of this matter be referred 
over to the next general town meeting. 

Then this meeting was dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public 
town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on the third day of 
November Anno Domini 1800 10 Clock A. M. 

Prayer was made by Rev d . Joseph Eckley D. D. 
Warrant for calling the meeting - - Read 

Paragraph of a Resolve of the General Court for the choice of 
one Representative for the first middle district of this Common- 
wealth in the Congress of the United States, read 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that the Poll would be 
closed at half past 1 oClock 

Persons voted for as a Representative of the first middle dis- 
trict of this Commonwealth in the next Congress of the United 
States Viz. 

William Eustis Esq 1819 

Josiah Quincy Esq 1959 

Oliver Everett Esq 2 

An attested Copy of the persons voted for as above was sealed 
up in Town meeting after a declaration had been made by the 
Selectmen of the Persons voted for as a Representative of the first 
middle district of this Commonwealth in the Congress of the 
United States and the same was put into the hands of the 
Secretary of this Commonwealth [164] subscribed as follows Viz 

for John Avery Esq. 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



96 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



18O1. 

[165.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
public town meeting assembled at Faneuil hall on Monday the 
ninth day of March Anno Domini 1801. nine oClock AM 

Prayer was made by Rev d . Thomas Baldwin 
Warrant for calling a meeting - - Read. 
Sundry laws to be read at this meeting were accordingly Read 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. 
was chosen Moderator by a hand vote 

The inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
votes for a Town Clerk, and the same having been brought 
in and counted it appeared that 

William Cooper 

was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensuing, and the Oath of 
Office administered by Mr. Justice Sherburne 

The inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
votes for nine Selectmen, the same being brought in and sorted 
it appeared that only eight were chosen viz 

Charles Bulfinch Esq 
David Tilden Esq 
Russell Sturgis Esq 
Cap*. Joseph Howard 
William Porter 
William Sherburne Esq 
Mr. John Tileston 
Mr. Ebenezer Oliver 

The votes having been brought in for the one wanting it ap- 
peared that Mr. Jonathan Hunnewell was chosen a Selectman in 
the room of Mr. Hancock 

[166.] On motion voted that the thanks of the Town be 
and hereby are given unto Ebenezer Hancock Esq for his good 
services as a Selectman a number of years past 

Votes for a Treasurer for the County of Suffolk were brought 
in and counted by the Moderator and Town Clerk when it ap- 
peared that the whole number was 285, all of which were for 
Ebenezer Seaver Esq a discreet suitable person, and a Freeholder 
and Resident in said County. 

Votes for a Register of deeds for the County of Suffolk were 
brought in and counted by the Moderator and Town Clerk when 
it appeared that the whole number was 223, all of which were for 
William Alline Esq a discreet suitable person and a Freeholder 
and Resident in said County. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1801. 97 

Samuel Clap Esq was chosen Town Treasurer for the ensuing 
year. 

Voted that in addition to the Selectmen twelve persons shall be 
appointed, chosen as a School Committee and the votes being 
brought in and sorted it appeared that the following Gentlemen 
were chosen viz 

Hon ble Thomas Dawes Esq 

Rev' 1 Samuel West D.D. 

Dr. Thomas Welch 

Rev d . Joseph Eckley DD 

Rev d . J. T. Kirkland 

Dr. Aaron Dexter 

Mr. William Smith 

Mr. Arnold Wells Jun. 

Edward Gray Esq. 

David Greene Esq 

Josiah Quincy Esq 

Rev d . William Emmerson 

Voted that the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are termed the School committee, be and hereby 
are directed to carry the new system of Education, which has 
been adopted by the Town into operation, and said Committee 
[167] are also authorized and empowered conjunctly to manage 
& regulate the officers & government of the schools, and in future 
to exercise all the power relating to'the Schools and Schoolmasters, 
which the Selectmen or such Committees were authorized by the 
laws of this Commonwealth or the votes of the Town to exer- 
cise, any former vote of the town to the contrary notwithstanding. 

The inhabitants brought in their votes for 24 Fire wards, when 
it appeared that 

Thomas Melvill ^ 
Edward Edes 
Amasa Davis 
Samuel Parkman ^ 
Russell Sturgis !> Es <l u ' res 
Henry Jackson 
William Scollay 
Joseph May 
Cap 1 . Robert Gardner 
John May ") 

William Brown > Esquires 
Nath 1 . Fellows ) 
Samuel Bradford 
Mr. Joseph Head 
Thomas H. Perkins Esq. 
John Winslow Esq. 
Cap 1 . Joseph Howard 
Mr. Benjamin Joy 



98 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Stephen Codman Esq. 
Andrew Cunningham Esq. 
Mr. John Bray 
Mr. Thomas Dennie 
Gen 1 . Simon Elliot 
Mr. Gorham Parsons 
were chosen Fire wards for the ensuing year. 

Adjourned to 3 oClock P.M. 

At three oClock P M the Inhabitants accordingly met, & were 
directed to bring in their votes for a town advocate for the 
municipal Court, and the same having been brought in it 
appeared that John Phillips Esq. was chosen. 

[168.] Voted that the assessors be and hereby are directed 
to sit for such assessments of taxes, as they shall judge reason- 
able, two days in such weeks after the delivery of the tax books 
to the collectors for the space of six weeks and no longer, saving 
they be allowed to set the last week in February Lords days 
excepted for the abatement of the taxes of such persons as had 
not an opportunity of applying in the above limited time by 
reason of their being out of the Commonwealth or any other 
unavoidable hindrance, and that the assessors determine on the 
said two days which is to be noted on the tax bills to be delivered 
to the inhabitants 

Voted that Five percent be and hereby are allowed to the 
collectors of Taxes for the year ensuing for all such sums of 
money and public securities as they shall collect and pay in [to] 
the several treasurers of the sums committed to them to collect 
also that such collectors shall give bond with sufficient sureties to 
the satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful discharge of 
their duty in said office and complying with this vote and that 
they will not receive any premium or gratuity for discounting any 
Orders and notes or receipts from the Treasurer of this State or 
the Treasurer of this town. 

The votes being brought in for twelve Overseers of the poor it 
appeared that 

Edward Proctor 
John Sweetser 
Jon a . L. Austin, 
Mr. Edward Edes ^ 
Henry Hill ^squires 

William Smith 
William Phillips 
Stephen Gorham, 
Mr. Oliver Brewster 
Arnold Welles Jun Esq 
Dr Red ford Webster 
Thomas Perkins Esq. 
were chosen Overseers of the poor for the year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1801. 99 

The votes being brought in for four collectors of taxes it 
appeared that 

Messrs. Benjamin Henderson 
Thomas Bayley 
Benjamin Jepson 
Christopher Marshall 
[169.] were chosen Collectors of Taxes for the year ensuing 

The votes being brought in for five assessors and counted and 
sorted it appeared that 

Messrs. John R. Sigourney 
Ebenezer Seaver 
John Hurd 

Benjamin Hammatt Jun 
Jedediah Parker 
were chosen assessors for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Shubael Hewes 
Jirah Holbrook 
Samuel Gridley 
Amos Lewis 
Enoch May 
Abraham Tuckerman 
Samuel White 
Andrew Townsend 
Noah Butts 
Thomas Stevenson 
John Bosson 
Willard Lane 
were chosen Constables for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Benjamin White 
Moses Ayers 
Daniel Ingersol 
William Darricot 
were chosen Fence viewers for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Barney Connor 

William Wheeler 
were chosen Hogreeves for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Barney Conner 

William Wheeler 
were chosen Haywards for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Jeffry Richardson 

Isaac P Davis 
were chosen Surveyors of Hemp for the year ensuing. 

[1 7O.] Edward Tuckerman Esq. 

Mr. Edward Edes 
were chosen Surveyors of Wheat for the year ensuing. 



100 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Messrs. John Wells 

William Cooper Hunneman 
were chosen Assay masters for the year ensuing. 

The Selectmen 
were chosen surveyors of high ways for the year ensuing 

Messrs. Roger Bartlett 

Jonathan Gushing 
were chosen cullers of dry fish for the year ensuing. 

Mr. Edward Rumley 
was chosen Inspector of Stone Lime for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Henry Purket 

Lemuel Gardner 
Thomas Barber 
James Eason 
were chosen Cullers of Hoops & Staves for the year ensuing. 

Votes for twelve Surveyors of Boards & Shingles, brought in 
when it appeared that 

Messrs. Joshua Bentley 

Benjamin White 

Benjamin Page 

James Blake 

John Cogswell 

Edmund Ranger 

William Clouston 

William Darricott 

William Ellison 

James Robbins 

William Andrews 

Daniel Ingersol 

were chosen Surveyors of boards & Shingles for the ensuing- 
year 

Voted that Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. 

Joseph Russell Esq. 

Samuel Brown Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to audit the accounts 
[171] of the Town Treasurer, and also the accounts of the 
Selectmen, Overseers of the poor and board of health, and said 
committee are also directed to report the sum necessary to be 
raised for the services of the present year. 

The article in the warrant, to wit " To consider the expediency 
of a revision and new edition of the By Laws " was read where- 
upon Voted that 

the Hon ble . George Richards Mi not 
John Phillips 
James Prince 
be a committee to take up this article and report at May meeting. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1801. 101 

The petition of James Pratt praying liberty to erect a Fish stall 
on the Mill Creek was read. 

Whereupon Voted that the consideration of this petition be 
referred to the Board of Health who are desired to make report 
thereon at the Adjournment. 

The Report of the Selectmen relative to the improvement and 
disposal of the lands on the Neck was read and the further con- 
sideration of this important matter was referred to the May 
meeting ; and the said report to be printed in the public news- 
papers for the information and consideration of the Inhabitants 

And this meeting was then adjourned to Wednesday the 
eighteenth day of March inst at 10 oClock A M 

The Inhabitants met on Wednesday 18 th . March according to 
adjournment 

Arnold Wells Jun. Esq having declined serving any longer as 
an Overseer of the Poor, On motion voted unanimously that the 
thanks of the Town be given unto Arnold Welles J r . Esq. for 
his good services as an overseer of the poor a number of years 
past. 

The choice of an Overseer was referred to May Meeting 

[172.] The committee on James Pratts petition for a fish 
stall not having reported it was left to said Committee who are 
the board of health to act thereon as they shall judge best. 

The votes for a Constable in the room of Mr. Bosson who 
declines serving being brought in it appeared that Mr. William 
Crosby was chosen Constable for the year ensuing. 

Voted that all matters which shall remain unfinished at this 
meeting be referred over to May meeting 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be given to 
the Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq the Moderator of this meeting for 
his good services in the dispatch given the business which came 
before them 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



[173.] At a meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the town 
of Boston of twenty one years of age and upwards qualified as 
the constitution prescribes and legally warned in public town 
meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 6 th . day of 
April Anno Domini 1801, nine oClock AM. 



102 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Prayer by Rev d . Mr. Freeman 
Warrant for calling the meeting Read 

Paragraph of the Constitution or frame of government, relative 
to the choice of Governor IA Governor and Senators Read. 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no vote would be 
received but such as were unfolded, and that they propose the 
poll should be closed at half past one oClock the votes to be 
received at the table and the bells to begin tolling at past one 
oClock and to continue for half an hour. 

Persons voted for as Governor with the number of votes for 
each person Viz 

Votes 

His Excellency Caleb Strong Esq. 1851 

Honorable Elbridge Gerry Esq. 2078 

Persons voted for as Lieu*. Governor with the number of votes 
for each person viz 

Hon ble . William Heath Esq. 2062 

Hon ble . Samuel Phillips Esq. 1841 

Hon ble . Edw d . H. Robbins Esq. 14 

Persons voted for as Senators for the County of Suffolk with 

the number of votes for each person viz. 

Hon ble . Oliver Wendell Esq. 3643 

Hon ble . John C. Jones Esq 1759 

Hon ble . William Tudor Esq 3071 

Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq 2069 

Hon ble . John Codman Esq. 1738 

Hon ble . Benjamin Austin Esq. 102 

[174.] Charles Jarvis Esq. 92 

Jonathan Loring Esq. _... 2069 

Hon ble . Harrison Gray Otis Esq. 1 

Mr. Samuel Norton 1 

Cap 1 . James Prince 78 

George Blake Esq. 1 

Attested copies of the persons voted for as Governor, Lieu*. 
Governor and Senators for the County of Suffolk were committed 
by the Town Clerk to the Secretary of the Commonwealth and the 
enclosures sealed up in town meeting, [and superscribed] as fol- 
lows viz*. 

For John Avery Esq. 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

The number of votes of the town of Boston for a Governor 
Lieu 4 . Governor & four Senators for the County of Suffolk certi- 
fied within and sealed up in Town meeting. 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1801. 103 

[175.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public 
town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 
thirteenth day of May Anno Domini 1801, 10 Clock AM 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . Mr. Emmerson 
Warrant for calling the meeting Read 

That part of the Constitution or Frame of Government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives - - Read 

The law relative to mourning and extracts from several laws to 
be read in town meeting were accordingly - - Read 

The town having determined by a vote to choose seven persons 
to represent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to be 
holden in the State house in Boston on the last Wednesday in 
May current agreeable to the constitution or frame of Govern- 
ment for Massachusetts ; the Inhabitants were directed by the 
Selectmen to withdraw and bring in their votes for seven 
Representatives and then it was declared by the Selectmen that 
no votes would be received but such as are unfolded, and that 
they propose the Poll shall be closed at past One oClock. the 
assessors to attend at the delivery of the votes, and the bell to 
begin tolling at 1 oClock, and to continue tolling untill half an 
hour is expired. 

The votes being brought in for seven Representatives, the 
whole number of the same were found to be 2745, and upon 
sorting them it appeared that the following seven Gentlemen had 
obtained a majority of the Votes viz 

Charles Jarvis Esq. 1474 

David Tilden Esq. 1467 

Benjamin Austin Jun. Esq 1456 

Nath'. FeUowes Esq 1460 

George Blake Esq. 1467 

Cap*. James Prince 1455 

Russell Sturgis Esq. 1469 

The votes given for such as did not obtain were for 

Hon ble . John C. Jones Esq 1281 

Joseph Russell Esq --------- 12 72 

Sam 1 . Parkman Esq. 1277 

[176.] William Smith Esq. 1276 

Samuel Cobb Esq. 1267 

Mr. Jonathan Hunnewell 1253 

John Phillips Esq 1269 

Josiah Quincy Esq. -.-. 21 

besides, a few scattering votes 



104 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen. The Hon Me . Thomas Dawes Esq. was chosen Mod- 
erator of this meeting by a hand vote that the town might pro- 
ceed in transacting the other business mentioned in the warrant 

Adjourned to Four oClock P M. 

At Four oClock P M the inhabitants met according to adjourn- 
ment 

The votes being brought in for one Overseer of the poor in the 
room of Arnold Welles Esq who had resigned, and received a 
vote of thanks for his good services while in that office it appeared 
that Stephen Codman Esq. was chosen an overseer of the poor 
for the year ensuing. 

The petition of a number of inhabitants for widening the Street 
from Common Street to the new State house was read, and after 
large debate 

Voted that said petition be referred for further consideration 
to the adjournment of this meeting, and that the Selectmen be 
requested that previous to said adjournment they view the same, 
consider the expence that will attend the proposed alteration of 
the Street and report their opinion on the Subject 

The article in the warrant viz " To act upon the report of the 
Selectmen respecting the improvement and disposal of the Towns 
land on the neck" read, whereupon Voted that this matter be 
referred for the further consideration of the Selectmen, and that 
the following Gentlemen be added to that Committee Viz 

the Hon p:e . Thomas Dawes Esq 

George R Minot Esq 

Joseph Russell Esq 

Thomas Edwards Esq 
[177.] Benjamin Austin Jun Esq 

Mr. Elisha Sigourney 

Samuel Brown Esq 

and they are requested to consider this matter at large and report 
thereon at the adjournment. 

The petition relative to a new street near Beacon Hill, was 
read whereupon, Voted that this matter be referred to the 
Gentlemen Selectmen to report thereon 

Messrs. Tilden Fellowes & Sturgis letters purporting their 
resignation as representatives received and read to the Inhabi- 
tants. 

The committee relative to Town By-laws reported a number of 
By laws, and the further consideration of the same was referred 
to the adjournment 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1801. 105 

Then the town meeting was (relative to Representatives) ad- 
journed to Friday next being the 15 inst 10 Clock A M. And 
the May meeting to Friday next at 1 Clock being the 15 instant. 

On Friday 10 Clock AM the Town met according to adjourn- 
ment, The Selectmen presided. 

The letters of Messrs. Tilden Sturgis and Fell owes purporting 
their resignation as Representatives as also their joint letter pur- 
porting their acceptance of that trust were read and after debate 
thereon Joseph Russell Esq. moved and was seconded by Dr. 
Jarvis that this meeting be dissolved, and the question being 
accordingly put passed in the affirmative almost unanimously and 
the meeting was then dissolved. 

On Friday May 15, 1801 at one oClock PM the Town met 
Thomas Dawes Esq. in the seat 

The Board of Health a Committee on Mr. Pratts Petition rela- 
tive to a Fish Stall over Mill Creek, reported, and their report 
was referred over for consideration to the adjournment of this 
meeting 

[178.] Adjourned to Friday next being the 22 d . instant at 
eleven oclock A M. 

Friday May 22 the Town met according to adjournment 

The report of the Committee on the petition of James Pratt 
read and accepted 

The report of the Committee relative to widening Centre Street, 
read : and after some debate the question was put viz " Whether 
said report shall be accepted " which passed in the affirmative. 

The report of the joint Committee relative to the lands on the 
Neck with respect to their improvement and disposal, was read 
and considered, and the question being put viz whether the same 
shall be accepted it passed in the affirmative and on motion 
Voted that 12 Clock be the time appointed to come to the choice 
of six Agents agreeable to the report of said Committee, the 
time arriving and the votes having been brought in and counted 
it appeared that 

The Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq 

George Richard Minot Esq 

John Winslow Esq 

William Tudor Esq 

Deacon William Brown 

Mr. Josiah Knapp 

were the persons added to the Selectmen who conjunctly are to 
lease and manage said lands in such a manner as shall appear to 
them for the interest of the Town 



106 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



The report of the Committee on the petition for a new Street 
near Beacon Hill was read and accepted 

The petition of Mr. Edward Howe that a deed may be given 
him &c was read, and on motion the petitioner has leave to with- 
draw his petition. 

The committee on Town Treasurers accompts &c Report 



The selectmens drafts amount to - 

Overseers of the poor 

Board of Health - -- 

Total from May 1800 to May 1801 

The Treasurer charges money paid S Brown for | 

new Almshouse j 

Counterfits Receivd for Taxes ...... 

[179.] Amount of abatements on Assessors certifi- 
cates --------------- 

Ditto for ditto James Thompsons Estate - - - - 

Amount of Andrew Tukesburys account - - - - 

Interest paid from December 1795 to March 1801 
New account for ballance 



41,257.99 

15499.74 

4731.52 

61489.25 



1500. 
20. 

3224.73 
559.50 
228.91 

6099.23 
21601.90 

94723.57 

27450.36 
4610.73 
143.13 
235.10 
5. 
1. 
110. 

1.50 
11.50 
500. 
169. 

1487.25 

- - - 60000. 

94723.57 
The Treasurer also exhibits a trial Balance 



The Treasurer gives credit by balance of old a/c - 

By cash received for States poor 

By cash of Hopestill Foster for hay engine paym*. 
By cash of William Gooch for Market 4 paym ts . - 

By Samuel Hastings 

By G R Minot 

By Charles Bulfinch 

By error in July draft 

By O Ballard 

By A Tukesbury three years Rent 

By T W Folsom 

By amount of Rents ----- 

By amount of Tax 



and charges Powder 
Andrew Tukesbury 
Benj a . Henderson 
Thomas Bayley 
Benj a Jepson 
Estate I Thompson 
C Marshall 2338.78 
13905.29 



1041.94.5 

290.25 

10010.77 

17763.59 

21966.73 

1316.78 

16244. 7 
59064.35.5 



C r . Notes pay ble 29962.15.3 
Estate of John Gray 107. 
Board Healths draft 733.53 
Town of Boston 21600.90 
Overseers drafts 1442.35 
Selectmens d 5217.46 



$59064.35.5 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1801. 107 

Amount of Notes due from Town of Boston to Union Bank 

To E Price 220.15.4 22000. 

B Barker - - - - 463.5 

E Partridge 231.12.6 
S Atkins .... 300. 

Selectmen Boston 369. 

Cloughs note 4. 

Estate of B Waldo 800. 



2388.12.10 equal to - - - 7962.13 



$29962.13 

The particulars of the aforegoing Statement are in the several 
accounts annexed to which a reference may be had, all which 
[18O] appears to be well vouched and well cast. It is pre- 
sumed that the hay engine and the Stalls outside the Market will 
be much more productive the present year than the last. And 
that several articles of charge will not be called for the coming 
year by the board of Selectmen. Also the expences of the Board 
of Health will be considerably less the ensuing year. The Com- 
mittee after taking many circumstances of the Town into consid- 
eration and as connected with the county of Suffolk recommend a 
tax to be laid for Sixty thousand dollars. all which is 
respectfully submitted 

Thomas Dawes ) -, ., , 

u r> 11 r Committee 
Joseph Russell j 

The aforegoing report having been read and considered the 
same was accepted, whereupon 

Voted that the sum of Sixty thousand dollars be raised by a tax 
to be assessed on the Polls and Estates of the Inhabitants of the 
town to defray the expences of the current year. 

Voted that the sum of Six hundred & sixty dollars be allowed 
and paid unto Samuel Clap Esq. for his services as Town Treas- 
urer the present year, and the same to be paid him quarterly as it 
shall become due, and to commence the first of last March. 

Voted that the sum of Six hundred & sixty six dollars be 
allowed and paid unto William Cooper for his services as Town 
Clerk the present year the same to be paid him quarterly as it 
shall become due and to commence the first of March last. 

Voted that the sum of Four hundred & thirty three dol- 
lars be allowed and paid unto each of the Assessors for their 
respective services the present year, the same to be paid them 
quarterly as it shall become due and to commence the first of 
March last. 



108 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Voted that the further sum of One hundred dollars be allowed 
and paid to each of the Assessors in the manner aforesaid in 
consideration of the rise of provisions. 

Voted that the Town treasurer be authorized and empowered 
to borrow on lawful interest for the use of the Board of Health as 
there may be occasion a sum not exceeding 3000 dollars 

[181.] Voted that the Town Treasurer be authorized and 
empowered to borrow on lawful interest for the use of the Select- 
men as there may be occasion a sum not exceeding two thousand 
dollars 

On motion voted that the thanks of the town be and hereby are 
given the Board of Health for their eminent service in the dis- 
charge of the duties of their office the last year. 

Voted that in addition to the former allowance of two hundred 
dollars made the Town advocate John Phillips Esq. for his service 
he be further allowed the sum of One hundred dollars. 

Mr. Howes Petition was read, and after some debate a motion 
obtained that he have leave to withdraw his petition. 

The Selectmen in conjunction with the Committee appointed 
to take into consideration the report of the Selectmen respecting 
the improvement and disposal of the Towns land on the Neck " 
take leave to report. 

That they have attended to the business committed to them ; 
that they are forcibly struck with the importance and value 
of those lands and the propriety of making an attempt to render 
them productive 

That they are equally impressed with the justness of the remark 
made by the Selectmen with respect to what has been and what 
may be done respecting them ; and in order to bring the subject 
before the town in an intelligent and concise form they recom- 
mend that the land be laid out in streets and lots at the discretion 
of the Trustees herein after referred to as nearly as may be 
according to the plan exhibited by the Selectmen 

That Trustees be appointed to manage and lease the said lands 
in such manner as shall appear to them best for the interest of 
the town 

That the Trustees be the Selectmen for the time being and six 
such other persons as the Town may choose to be added to them 
at their annual meeting in May. 

That until the further or other order of the town the income of 
the leases of the land be appropriated to the improvement of the 
same. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1801. 109 

That the Trustees be and hereby are impowered in the name 
and behalf of the town to make and execute Leases of the same 
lands in such portions or lots as [182] to them shall appear 
best for any number of years not exceeding ninety nine, which 
Report is respectfully submitted 

By order of the joint Committee 
Cha". Bulflnch Chairman 

A statement of the Expences of the town the last year was laid 
before the Inhabitants by the Selectmen for their inspection ; and 
by them ordered to be printed, more fully to answer the purpose 
Then adjourned to 4 Clock P M. 

The town met agreeably to adjournment at Four oClock P M. 

The committee appointed to consider the expediency of a 
revision and new edition of the By laws of the town Report, 
that in their opinion amendments in several of the By laws are 
necessary and others of them ought to be repeated, [repealed?] 
that the present edition contains several laws of the Common- 
wealth which are repealed, some that are obsolete or not so par- 
ticularly applicable to this town as to make them useful in a 
selection for the inhabitants ; and that sundry late laws made by 
the General Court ought to be added together with the regula- 
tions of the Board of Health 

That it is expedient a new edition improved on the aforegoing 
plan should be published ; and with respect to the arrangement 
the Committee think it would be best to permit the By-laws in the 
first part of the work, and the laws of this Commonwealth im- 
mediately respecting the Town in an appendix ; the whole to be 
accompanied with an accurate index, 

They therefore report drafts of the following Laws and recom- 
mend that all other By laws of the town now in force be repealed, 
Viz 

1 a law to prevent nuisances in the Streets, 

2 a law respecting the conduct of persons in the Streets, 

3 a law to prevent brick & Lime kilns &c 

4 a law to prevent nuisances in the Common 

5 a law regulating Chimnies & Sweepers 

6 a law regulating carts trucks & Sleds 

7 a law to regulate stands of Carts trucks & Sleds 

8 a law to regulate the driving of horses & carriages 

9 a Law relating to Bulls & Cows 
[183.] 10 a law regulating Funerals 

11 a law regulating necessaries 

12 a law regulating pumps & wells 

13 a law regulating common criers 

14 a law imposing restrictions on Dogs 

15 a Law prohibiting forestalling & engrossing Provisions 



110 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

16 a Law regulating the carrying of Manure 

17 a Law making general regulations 

18 a Law respecting Officers appointed by the Selectmen; all 
which is respectfully submitted by the Committee 

George Richards Minot Chairman. 

The laws aforementioned were read and some amendments 
being made they were separately voted to be accepted as by the 
connected Copies on file, it was then Voted that the Committee 
who revised the aforegoing Laws be desired to present them to 
the Court of Sessions for their approbation also 

Voted that the Selectmen be desired to cause a sufficient num- 
ber of the laws to be printed and distributed to every House- 
holder and that in the Arrangement they adopt the mode pointed 
out by the Committee 

Voted that any matters and things unfinished at this meeting 
be referred over to the next general town meeting that shah 1 be 
called. 

Voted that the thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon ble Thomas Dawes Esq. the Moderator of this meeting for 
his good services in the dispatch given the business which came 
before them. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



[184.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other inhabi- 
tants of the town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
public town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Saturday the 
4 th day of July A D 1801 9 oClock AM. 

"Warrant for calling the meeting Read. 

William Cooper chosen Moderator 

The committee appointed the last year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Independ- 
ence Reported that they had made choice of Charles Paine 
Esq. who has accepted the appointmnnt. 

On motion adjourned to Old South Church when agreeable to 
information of the Selectmen, an 

ORATION 

to commemorate the Independence of the United States was 
delivered by Charles Pain.e Esq at the Old South Church 

On motion voted that the Selectmen be a Committee to wait on 
Charles Paine Esq and in the name of the Town to thank him for 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1801. Ill 

the elegant and spirited Oration this day delivered by him at the 
request of the Town upon the Anniversary of the Independence 
of the United States of America ; in which according to the insti- 
tution of the town he considered the feelings manners & princi- 
ples which led to that great national event and to request of 
him a copy thereof for the press 

On motion Voted that the Gentlemen Selectmen be and hereby 
are appointed a Committee to apply to some one able and learned 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the fourth of July A D 
1802, that day being the Anniversary of the Independence of 
the United States of America wherein the Orator is to consider 
the feelings manners & principles which led to this great national 
event; as well as the important & [185] happy effects whether 
general or domestic which have already or will forever flow from 
that auspicious epoch 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders & other inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public 
town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 31 8t 
day of December Anno Domini 1801. ten oclock Forenoon 

Warrant for calling the Meeting 

Hon ble Thomas Dawes Esq chosen Moderator by a hand [vote] 
unanimously 

That part of the article in the warrant viz. " To receive the 
accounts of the Agents for erecting the new almshouse, and the 
accounts of the Treasurer of monies borrowed for the same 
House ; and to consider and adopt measures to discharge the 
balance that may be due," was read, whereupon 

Voted, that Hon blc . John C. Jones Esq. 
Cap 1 . James Prince 
Hon ble . Benj a . Austin Jun Esq. 

Samuel Parkman Esq. 
Hon ble . Thomas Davis Esq. 

be a committee to audit the accounts of the Agents for building 
the new almshouse to consider the compensation that may be 
proper to be allowed for their time and good services in directing 
and superintending the building Also that the said Committee 
be directed to report what in their opinion would be the most eli- 
gible mode of raising a sufficient sum to discharge the balance as 
soon as possible. 

The petition of a number of the Inhabitants that the Town 
would take legal and efficacious measures to discover and remove 



112 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

vagrants and Strangers of suspicious characters who have no 
regular employment, and to prevent the introduction [186] of 
such persons in future, to come in to some permanent regulations 
of watches or patroles to preserve the Town from incendiaries, 
to adopt measures more effectually to guard against fires and 
generally to do what may be thought necessary for the security of 
the town" was read, and after some debate 

Voted that Hon ble . James Sullivan 

Hon ble . John Codman, Esquires 
Cap*. James Prince 
George Blake Esq' 
Hon ble . Judge Bourne 
Arnold Welles Esq 
Nath 1 . Fellowes Esq 

be a Committee to take this matter into consideration and report 
at the adjournment of this meeting 

Then the meeting was adjourned to Monday the eleventh day 
of January next 10 oClock Forenoon. 



1802. 

On Monday, eleventh day of January 1802 at ten o'clock Fore- 
noon the Town met according to adjournment. 

The committee relative to New Almshouse Report. 

First, That having caused the accounts of the Agents to be 
carefully examined, they find them well vouched, rightly cast, and 

a balance due them from the town of 23,533.32 

2 d . Your Committee are of opinion that the Town 
should allow the Agents for their time & services in 
directing & superintending the buildings the sum of - 2400 

$25933.32 

This will leave a balance due the Agent's ) Dollars 

to be provided for [of] j 25933.32 

3 d . Your committee recommend that the Town Treasurer be 
directed and empowered to borrow on the credit of the town, of 
any corporate body or Individuals disposed to loan the same on 
interest not exceeding that paid at the Banks the sum of Twenty 
six thousand dollars for the purpose of discharging the balance 
due to the Agents and in consideration of their services, and that 
the same with the interest that may be due together with the 
further sum of Twenty thousand dollars already borrowed by 
the [187] Town of the Union Bank to discharge the drafts of 
the Agents and the interest that has or may accrue thereon be 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1802. 113 

assessed on the Inhabitants of the town by two yearly assess- 
ments to commence with the next yearly town tax and to be 
expressly applied to the repayment of the monies so borrowed, 
said tax to be separately mentioned in the tax bills by itself the 
proceeds to be sacredly appropriated to this purpose and to be 
paid over by the Treasurer to this & no other use 

4 th . The Committee having viewed the Almshouse & its append- 
ages conceive it to be their duty to state to the Town that in their 
opinion the Agency has been executed with fidelity and judgment 
highly honorable to the Gentlemen engaged therein, and they 
propose 

That the thanks of the Town be given to the Hon ble . Thomas 
Dawes Esq & Samuel Brown Esq the surviving Agents employed 
in directing and superintending the building of the Almshouse ; 
for the able and masterly manner in which they (together with 
the late Hon ble . George Richards Minot Esq also one of the 
Agents deceased) have discharged the important trust reposed in 
them by their Fellow Citizens 

The above Report having been read and amended in meeting 
Voted that the same be accepted, also Voted unanimously that 
the aforegoing vote of Thanks be published in the several papers 
from said Report 

The Report of the Committee on the other part of the warrant 
was read, and after large debate had thereon it was moved and 
Voted that said Report be printed in hand bills and sent to the 
houses of the Inhabitants for further inspection & consideration 
before the adjournment of this meeting also 

Voted that the Selectmen & Overseers of the Poor and Com- 
mittee that erected the almshouse, be requested to enquire and 
report at the adjournment whether any part of the Almshouse 
and if any what part can be fitted for the use of a workhouse and 
what the expence of the same will probably be as well as the 
expence of providing an apparatus materials and implements to 
employ People who may be sent there, and to report at large on 
the subject of a Workhouse in that or in any other place 

[188.] This meeting was then adjourned to Thursday 21 at 
10 Clock AM 

Thursday Jan y 21 at 10 oclock AM met according to adjournment 
The printed Report of the Committees relative to fires, vagrants 
&c was read to the Inhabitants 

The committee to enquire if any and what part of the new 
almshouse can be fitted for the use of a Workhouse, Report, that 
they have visited and carefully viewed the Almshouse and find 



114 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

three rooms distinguished as a Bridewell and work room for such 
as are committed as Vagrants & proper subjects of a work house 
and other apartments might at present be spared for this purpose 
those rooms are perfectly dry well warmed and ventilated but 
they are not separate from other parts of the house nor suffi- 
ciently strong to be considered as places of safekeeping Your 
Committee are of opinion that no division of the Almshouse can 
be set apart as a House of correction without greatly incommod- 
ing the poor and incurring a heavy expence to render it secure 
by additional Brick walls and Partitions iron gates and strong 
doors to prevent the vicious and depraved from associating with 
the objects of charity Your Committee would not recommend so 
great an alteration in the present house as would be necessary 
for these purposes which would afford but a temporary accommo- 
dation for should the number of the Poor increase with the 
natural increase of the Town, the whole of the Almshouse would 
be wanted for their use 

In reporting at large on the subject of a House of Correction 
as directed by the latter part of their commission, your Committee 
are of opinion that an establishment of this kind would be pro- 
ductive of the most beneficial effects to the Town 

For this purpose it will be necessary to have a separate build- 
ing suitably constructed upon principles of strength and security 
enclosed with proper walls and under the direction of a watchful 
Inspector & Assistant. Workrooms, lodging rooms and solitary 
cells for the confinement of the unruly should be provided and 
a constant supply of coarse articles of labour. From the experi- 
ence of other places your Committee have no doubt that such a 
house would maintain itself after being endowed [189] with a 
moderate Capital for the supply of raw materials and the neces- 
sary stock in hand the objects of employment which occur to 
the Committee are the picking of Oakum the grinding of Logwood 
and other dye woods, the hammering of stone for the under- 
pinning of houses and flagging of the foot walks of Streets, 
grinding corn for the use of the house and any other coarse 
mill work. 

The Committee are so fully impressed with the importance of such 
an establishment in every well regulated Capital Town that they 
would immediately propose that measures should be taken for 
erecting such a building, were they not sensible of the burden 
that the town now labour under to discharge the balance due 
upon the Almshouse. 

No correct estimate can be made of the expence of such a 
building and of the apparatus materials and implements to em- 
ploy those who may be sent there, but it is presumed that it 
must be twenty or thirty thousand dollars. 

Your Committee would respectfully suggest that the attention 
of the Legislature is now turned to the subject of a State Prison 
and it is probable that they will direct it to be built immediately ; 
that the building of this Prison will deter persons of depraved 
Characters from resorting to this town, and that a number who 



BOSTON* TOWN RECORDS, 1802. 115 

are now in the Jail will be removed thereto The Committee 
therefore propose that until the Town shall have discharged its 
present debt, the magistrates and Overseers of the Poor shall 
continue to make use of this Jail and such part of the Almshouse 
as can be spared for a workhouse and House of correction, that 
they be requested to procure materials for work that the persons 
sent there may be constantly employed, and to have a few soli- 
tary cells, constructed for the confinement of the refractory & 
unruly 

by Order Charles Bulfinch, Chairm. 

The aforegoing Report having been read & duly considered, was 
accepted by the Town almost unanimously. 

The printed Report relative to Fires, Vagrants &c was again 
read, and after debate had thereon the following votes were 
passed almost unanimously viz : 

Voted That there be immediately appointed by the Selectmen, 
one person in each ward, for the purpose of obtaining [19O] 
and returning to the Selectmen weekly the names & circum- 
stances of all persons within the same, not being proper Inhabi- 
tants of the Town and who have no visible, reputable means of 
gaining a livelihood, and are not House holders within the Town, 
and of all such as belong to other towns States and Countries, 
having no fixed reputable manner of business. 

Voted that the Selectmen, Overseers of the poor and Magistrates 
in the town be requested to be exact and vigilant in executing 
the laws authorizing the removal of persons whose characters are 
suspicious, whose morals are bad, who have no settled reputable 
means for a livelihood, and who by the laws are liable to be 
removed from the town or State. 

Voted that the overseers of the poor and magistrates be requested 
to exert themselves to have the laws for committing idle, vagrant 
persons to the Workhouse, house of correction or common Jail, as 
the law may direct carried into full execution and in which they 
shall have every needed aid from the inhabitants of the Town. 

Voted that the Town adopt the method reported by the Com- 
mittee for the appointment of watches and request the Selectmen 
and magistrates to have the same carried into execution, and that 
the wages of the Captains & Assistants be settled by the Select- 
men, and that the Selectmen be requested to take effectual meas- 
ures, by the construction of the watch houses and otherwise that 
the intentions of the town be not defeated by a want of attention 
or vigilance in the watches 

Voted that the Representatives of the town be instructed to 
obtain a revision of the laws in regard to the introduction of For- 



116 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

eigners and to have the same so amended as that they shall be 
competent to prevent Foreigners of idle immoral & dissolute char- 
acter from being brought to the Town from other Countries. 
That the Representatives use their endeavour to obtain an altera- 
tion in the law respecting the appointment of watches so far as 
that the Selectmen of Boston shall have the same power in that 
respect as the Justices of the peace and the Selectmen together 
have now ; That the Town Clerk deliver the Representatives a copy 
of this vote as soon as may be. 

[191.] Voted that the Selectmen by their Superintendent or 
otherwise constantly enquire and obse'rve in every part of the 
Town where there may be any collection of shavings, or other 
combustibles to the danger and nuisances of the Town and cause 
the Attorney General or the Town attorney to have information 
thereof, that prosecutions may commence thereon. 

Voted that one person for each ward, be now appointed for the 
purpose of organizing a voluntary patrole of the inhabitants dur- 
ing such time as they shall judge expedient, when the following 
persons were chosen Viz. 

Capt John Bray Ward N 1 

Col Rob*. Gardner 2 

Thomas Lewis 3 

Josiah Vose 4 

Cap*. Mitchell Lincoln 5 

Isaiah Doane 6 

Cap*. Sam 1 . Prince 7 

David Bradlee Esq 8 

Arnold Welles Jr Esq 9 

Gen 1 . John Winslow 10 

Cap 1 . Messinger 11 

Col. Amasa Davis 12 

It was then voted that should either of the above Gentlemen 
decline or from any cause be unable to accept the above appoint- 
ment the Selectmen are desired to fill such vacancy. 

Voted that the thanks of the town be given the Moderator for 
his good services in that station 

Then the meeting was Dissolved. 



[193.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned 
in public town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
first day of March Anno Domini 1802 at 10 Clock AM 

Warrant for calling the meeting ... Read 

David Tilden Esq. 
was chosen Moderator by a hand vote 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1802. 11 7 

The article in the Warrant relative to the list of qualified 
voters for Governor &c &c was read and considered, whereupon 

Voted that a Committee of three persons be chosen for each 
Ward to revise correct and complete the list of qualified Voters 
in their respective wards who are to report the same to the 
Selectmen, and the following persons were accordingly chosen for 
said purpose viz*. 

Messrs. Josiah Snelling Joseph Callender & Cap'. Jn Bray for 
ward N 1 Mess John Truman, Rt Gardner & Cap*. Jacob 
Rhoades N 2. Mess Joseph Smith Edward Edes & Col Proctor 
N 3. Mess Joseph Kettel Josiah Vose and John Wells N 4 Mess 
Richard Hewes, Mitchell Lincoln, and Samuel Sturgis N 5, J.n 
Coffin Jones Esq. Samuel Whitwell and Samuel Snelling N 6, 
Samuel Parkman Esq. Sam 1 . Sumner & Benj a . Austin Esq. N 7 
William Smith Esq. Cap*. John Brazier and Edward Gray Esq. 
N 8, Benj a Russell Esq. John Fox & Arnold Welles Esq. N 
9, General Winslow George Blanchard and Deacon Wright N 10 
Col. Waters Henry Vose and Benj a . Fessenden N 11, Deacon 
Brown Cap*. Messenger and Amasa Davis Esq. N 12 Also Voted 
that so soon as corrected lists are reported to [193] the Select- 
men 1800 thereof shall be printed, making 150 for each ward. 

The article in the warrant viz " to consider the expediency of 
appointing Agents with powers to choose Referrees in concurrence 
with the Legislature for the final adjustment of the claims of the 
State and town to the Old town house " was read and considered 
whereupon Voted that the Board of Selectmen viz Charles Bulfinch 
David Tilden Russell Sturgis Esq. Cap*. Joseph Howard Mr. 
William Porter, William Sherburne Esq. Mr. John Tileston Mr. 
Eben r . Oliver Mr. Jonathan Hunnewell together with William 
Cooper ihe Town Clerk be and hereby are appointed a Committee 
with full powers for the purposes mentioned in said warrant. 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public town 
meeting assembled at Faneuil hall on Monday the eighth day of 
March Anno Domini 1802 at nine oClock AM 

Prayer was made by Rev d . Mr. Topkins 

Warrant for calling a meeting - - Read 

Sundry laws to be read at this meeting were accordingly Read. 

Joseph Russell Esq. was chosen Moderator by a hand vote. 



118 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The inhabitants were directed to' withdraw and bring in their 
votes for Town Clerk, and the same having been brought in and 
counted it appeared that 

William Cooper Esq. 

was chosen town Clerk for the year ensuing, and the oath of 
office was administered by Mr. Justice Bulfinch. 

[194.] The inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their votes for nine Selectmen ; the same being brought in 
and assorted it appeared that the following Gentlemen were 
chosen viz 

Charles Bulfinch Esq William Sherburne Esq 

David Tilden Esq Mr. John Tileston 

Russell Sturgis Esq Mr. Ebe'n r . Oliver 

Cap*. Joseph Howard Mr. Jonathan Hunnewell 
Mr. William Porter 

The meeting was then adjourned to three oclock PM. 

The town met at three oclock P M according to adjournment 

The votes being brought in for twelve Overseers of the poor, it 
appeared that 

Edward Proctor Esq Mr. Oliver Brewster 

Mr. Edward Edes Dr, Redford Webster 

Henry Hill Esq Thomas Perkins Esq 

William Smith Esq Stephen Codman Esq 

William Phillips Esq Mr. Samuel Snelling 

Stephen Gorham Esq Mr. Benj a . Goddard 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the year ensuing 

On motion voted that the thanks of the town be given to the 
Hon ble . Jon a . Loring Austin Esq for his good services as an 
overseer of the poor for eighteen years past 

The inhabitants brought in their votes for twenty four fire 
wards when it appeared that 

Thomas Melvill Esq Mr. Joseph Head 

Mr. Edward Edes Thomas H Perkins Esq 

Amasa Davis Esq John Winslow Esq 

[195.] Samuel Parkman Esq Cap* Joseph Howard 

Russell Sturgis Esq. Mr Benjamin Joy 

Henry Jackson Esq Stephen Codman Esq 

William Scollay Esq Andrew Cunningham Esq 

Joseph May Esq Mr. John Bray 

Cap*. Robert Gardner Mr. Thomas Dennie 

John May Esq General Elliot 

William Brown Esq Mr. Gorham Parsons 

Samuel Bradford Esq Rufus G. Amory Esq 

were chosen Firewards for the year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1802. 119 

Russell Sturgis Esq & Mr. Gorham Parsons declined serving as 
firewards, and were accordingly excused 

Voted that in addition to the Selectmen, twelve persons shall 
now be chosen as a school committee, and the votes being 
brought in and counted it appeared that the following Gentlemen 
were chosen viz 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq William Smith Esq 

Rev d . Sam 1 . West DD Arnold Welles Jun r . Esq 

Dr. Thomas Welch Edward Gray Esq 

Rev d . Joseph Eckley DD David Greene Esq 

Rev d . J T Kirkland Josiah Quincy Esq 

Dr. Aaron Dexter Rev d . William Ernmerson 

[196.] The Rev d . Samuel West declined being one of the 
School Committee 

Voted that the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are termed the School committee be and hereby are 
directed to carry the new system of education which has been 
adopted by the town into operation, and said committee are also 
authorized and empowered conjunctly to manage and regulate the 
officers and the Government of the Schools, and in fine to execute 
all the power relating to the schools and School-masters, which 
the Selectmen of such Committees, were authorized by the laws 
of this Commonwealth or the votes of the town to exercise ; any 
former vote of the Town to the contrary notwithstanding. 

On motion voted that the choice of Town Treasurer, County 
Treasurer, collectors of Taxes and assessors be referred over to 
the adjournment, also voted that 

Deacon Brown Joseph Russell Esq 

General Winslow Thomas H Perkins Esq 

Nath 1 . Fellowes Esq Samuel Brown Esq 

Amasa Davis Esq Russell Sturgis Esq 

be a committee to consider the propriety of choosing the same 
person as Treasurer of the Town and Treasurer of the County 
also the subject of the assessment and collection of taxes, 
and to devise such methods therein as in their judgment may be 
for the interest and advantage of the town, And said Committee 
are empowered to view the books of the assessors, Collectors and 
Town Treasurer; also to apply to the Court of sessions for 
liberty to view the books of the County Treasurer, to report at 
the adjournment. 

On motion voted that 

Hon ble . Judge Sullivan Hon ble . H. G. Otis Esq 

Hon ble . Benj a . Austin Junr. Edward Gray Esq 
Benj a . Russell Esq 



120 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

be a Committee to consider what number of Constables may be 
necessary to be chosen and to report at the adjournment. 

[197.] Messrs. Benjamin White Daniel Ingersoll Jr. 

Moses Ayres William Darricott 

were chosen Fence viewers for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Barney Connor 

William Wheeler 
were chosen Hogreeves for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Barney Connor 

William Wheeler 
were chosen Haywards, for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Jeffrey Richardson 

Samuel Emmes 
were chosen surveyors of Hemp for the year ensuing 

Edward Tuckerman Esq. 
Mr. Edward Edes 
were chosen surveyors of wheat for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. John Wells 

William Cooper Hunneman 
were chosen assaymasters for the year ensuing 

Messrs. Roger Bartlett 

Jonathan Gushing 
were chosen cullers of dry fish for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Henry Purkett. Thomas Barber 

Lemuel Gardner James Eunson 

were chosen cullers of Hoops & Staves for the year ensuing. 

The Selectmen 
were chosen surveyors of Highways for the year ensuing. 

Mr. Edward Rumney 
was chosen inspector of stone lime for the year ensuing. 

Votes for twelve surveyors of boards and shingles were 
brought in it appeared on assorting them that but ten were 
chosen 

Viz. Messrs. Joshua Bentley William Clouston 

Benj a . White William Darricot 

Benj a . Page William Ellison 

James Blake James Robins 

[198.] John Cogswell Daniel Ingersol Junr. 

The votes being brought in for a town advocate for the munici- 
pal court it appeared that John Phillips Esq. was chosen 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1802. 121 

Voted that the consideration of all money matters be referred 
to next May meeting 

Voted the Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq 
Joseph Russell Esq 
Sam 1 . Brown Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to audit the accompts 
of the Town Treasurer, and also the accompts of the Selectmen 
Overseers of the Poor and Board of Health, and said Committee 
are also directed to report the sum necessary to be raised for the 
services of the present year. 

The consideration relative to [the] Article in [the] warrant re- 
specting the Treasurers issuing small notes or due bills referred to 
the Auditors of accounts to report at May meeting 

The article in warrant relative to Cobb and Hartshorne as to 
exchange of land &c read whereupon 

Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby [are] authorized and 
impowered to make such an agreement as shall appear to them to 
be for the advantage of the Town 

The application of Isaac P. Davis that the Town would sell 
him a small piece of land &c was read, whereupon 

Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby are authorized and 
impowered to make sale of the land in Pleasant Street, applied 
for by Mr. Davis, provided they can do it on such terms as they 
shall think for the interest of the town 

The meeting was then adjourned to Wednesday the seventeenth 
day of March instant at ten oclock AM. 

[199.] Wednesday March 17, 10 Clock AM, the Town 
met according to adjournment. 

The committee to consider what number of Constables may be 
necessary to be chosen having reported, and said report accepted 
by the town, the votes were accordingly brought in for eight Con- 
stables when it appeared that 

Messrs. Elisha Copeland Thomas Stevenson 

Solomon Twist Amos Lewis 

Henry Lane Samuel White 

Moses Thayer Jirah Holbrook 

were chosen Constables for the year ensuing 

The Committee appointed to consider the expediency of unit- 
ing the office of town treasurer and County Treasurer in one per- 
son, and to devise a more correct and economical mode for 



122 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

assessing and collecting the tax of the town of Boston, having 
attended and considered the duties to which they are appointed 
beg leave to report, 

That the office of Town Treasurer and the office of County 
Treasurer for the present year be vested in separate persons 
second, That it be recommended to the Inhabitants to choose the 
Town Treasurer Collector for the town 

third, That the Assessors of the Town of Boston shall for the 
present year consist of three persons to be paid by the town for 
their services hereafter named, and that they hold no other office 
of profit in the town of Boston, and 

fourth, that in each ward the voters shall annually assemble on 
the first Wednesday of April and then choose and appoint two 
persons in each of their respective wards to assist the town asses- 
sors in taking a list of the polls, in estimating the value of their 
personal property, in appraising the value of all real estates in 
their own wards, to assist the Town assessors in taking a list of 
the Polls, in estimating the value of their personal property, in 
appraising the value of all real estates in their own wards ; and 
the twenty four persons thus chosen in the respective wards shall 
meet & nominate for the approbation of the town three persons 
whom they shall judge best qualified to serve the town in the 
office of assessors [2OO] the ensuing year, and the two assist- 
ants chosen for each ward as their service, though important, will 
be of short duration are not to be allowed any pecuniary com- 
pensation. 

fifth, that the Gentlemen Selectmen be requested to publish & 
notify the respective wards to choose and appoint those assist- 
ants to the town assessors when they choose their members of 
the Board of Health on the day above mentioned ; and in case of 
death or resignation the Chairman be directed to call a meeting 
in either Ward. 

sixth, That when the list and inventory is taken as before men- 
tioned, the Assessors shall then make a fair schedule in a book of 
all the real estate, its situation and appraised value, of the Polls 
rateable and not rateable, the returns or estimated value of per- 
sonal property And the assessors shall give notice that their 
books are open at their office for the free examination of all whom 
they have taxed, that the inhabitants in thirty days may receive 
or communicate information, or apply for alteration in the esti- 
mated value of their personal property in such manner as the 
Law directs, the inventory of polls and personal property shall 
be taken annually, and if alterations in the schedule of Real 
estates shall appear necessary it shall at the same time be 
attended to 

seventh, When the tax is completed, the assessors shall fill up & 
distribute printed tax bills to all whom they have taxed, at the 
foot of which bills shall be printed the deductions for prompt 
payments as hereafter is provided 

eighth, It shall be the duty of the Town Treasurer in his addi- 
tional office as collector to receive the tax and discharge the Tax 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1802. 123 

bill of all persons who shall apply to him at his office and make 
payment and for those who shall pay him within 30 days from 
the date of his tax bill, he shall deduct 5 per cent, for those who 
pay him within 60 days, 3 per cent, for those who pay him with- 
in 120 days, 2 per cent from the amount of their tax bills 
ninth, The Collector shall distrain upon the property or person of 
those who are delinquent after the expiration of six months as 
the law directs 

tenth, the Assessors and Collectors shall once in a year on or 
before the first day of March make return to the Selectmen of 
[2O1] all abatements, delinquents, and the amount of Tax not 
collected 

And your Committee recommend that the town choose and 
appoint a Committee to apply to the General Court at their next 
session, and that the Representatives be the Committee to apply 
to the next General Court under the direction of the Selectmen 
for the purpose of making such law as may be required to carry 
the above votes into effect if any should be found necessary 

The aforegoing report having been read and amended by 
Paragraphs, the question was then put Whether said Report 
shall be accepted by the Town as thus amended when it passed in 
the affirmative almost unanimously 

Adjourned to three oclock P M. 

At 3 Clock P.M. Town met according to adjournm 4 . 

Samuel Clap Esq. 
was chosen Town Treasurer for the year ensuing. 

Samuel Clap Esq 
was chosen Town Collector for the year ensuing. 

Votes were brought in for two Surveyors of Boards twice and 
there being a [no?] choice this business was referred to the 
adjournment. 

Votes for a Treasurer for the County of Suffolk were brought 
in and counted by the Moderator and Town Clerk, when it ap- 
peared that the whole number was 279 all of which for Ebenezer 
Seaver Esq ; a discreet and suitable person, and a Freeholder and 
Resident in said County. 

Messrs Jonathan Hunnewell 

Daniel Messenger 
were chosen Firewards for the year ensuing. 

Voted that the thanks of the town be given to Nathaniel Fel- 
lows & Russell Sturgis Esqrs. and Mr. Gorham Parsons for their 
good services as Firewards a number of years past 



124 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The further consideration of the report of the Committee rela- 
tive to the Town Treasurer issuing small notes &c was referred 
to May meeting 

Adjourned to Wednesday the 21 April next, at ten oclock 
AM. 



At a meeting of the male inhabitants of the town of 
Boston of twenty one years of age and upwards qualified as the 
constitution prescribes and legally warned in public town meeting 
assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the fifth day of April 
Anno Domini 1802, 11 Clock AM 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . Mr. Haskeli 
Warrant for calling the meeting - - - Read 

Paragraph of the Constitution or frame of Government relative 
to the choice of Governor and IA Governor and Senators Read 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no vote should be 
received but such as were unfolded, and that they propose the 
polls should be closed at three oclock PM the votes to be received 
at the Table and the bells to begin tolling at half past two oclock 

The selectmen acquainted the town with the method they had 
adopted to carry the new law into effect 

[2O3.] Persons voted for as Governor with the number of 
votes for each person Viz 

Votes 

Hon ble . Caleb Strong Esq. 2372 

Hon ble . Elbridge Gerry Esq. 1498 

Persons voted for as IA Governor with the number of votes for 
each person Viz 

Hon ble . William Heath Esq. 1495 

Hon ble . Edward H Robbins Esq. 2369 

Persons voted for for Senators for the County of Suffolk, with 
the number of votes for each person Viz*. 

Hon ble . Oliver Wendall Esq. 2375 

Hon bl ". William Tudor Esq. 2373 

Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq. 1497 

Hon ble . Benj a . Austin Jun r . Esq. 1498 

Hon ble . Peleg Coffin Esq. 2375 

JohnQ. Adams Esq. 2373 

Nath 1 . Fellowes Esq. 1495 

David Tilden Esq. 1495 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1802. 125 

Attested Copies of Persons voted for as Governor IA Governor 
and Senators for the County of Suffolk were sealed up in Town 
meeting, after the votes had been declared to the Town attested 
copies of them were that evening delivered to the Secretary of 
this Commonwealth by the Town Clerk, superscribed as follows 

For John Avery Esq 
Sec y . of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

The number of votes of the Town of Boston for Governor L*. 
Governor and four Senators for the County of Suffolk certified 
within and sealed up in town meeting 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[3O4.] Wednesday April 21. 1802 at 10 oclock AM. the 
Town met according to adjournment 

Rev d . Mr. West having declined serving as one of the School 
Committee, it was moved and voted that the thanks of the Town 
be and are hereby given to Rev d . Doct Samuel West for his good 
services as one of the School committee for a number of years 
past 

Votes being brought in for two Surveyors of boards and 
shingles it appeared that 

Mess John Butterfield 

Samuel Treat 

were chosen surveyors of Boards and shingles for the year 
ensuing 

The votes being brought in for one of the School Committee 
in the room of Doct West it appeared that 
Rev d . John [S] Popkins 
was chosen in the room of Dr. West who has resigned 

The committee of the several Wards relative to assistants for 
the assessors Reported that 

Agreeable to a vote of the Town, the respective Wards met on 
the first Wednesday of April and chose two assistant assessors 
for each Ward who being notified by the Chairman of the Select- 
men, met at Faneuil Hall on Saturday the 17 th . and by adjourn- 
ment on Monday the nineteenth of April for the purpose of choos- 
ing three persons to be nominated to the town as assessors when 
Messrs. Josiah Snelling Samuel Dunn and Benjamin Sumnerwere 
unanimously chosen, 

present Mess John W Quincy Ward N. 1 

Jacob Holland 2 



126 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Edward Proctor "> 
Edward Edes I 
William Walter ) 
Benj a . Smith I 
T Tid | 

W Boardman j 

R Webster N Webb 5 

C Loring ) 

S W Simmer } 7 

J Brazier ) 

E Morse j 

[2O5.] Nath 1 . Fellowes ) _ , XTo 

D.D.Rogers j ' ' ' Ward N. 9 
J Winslow ) 

T Wright j 

Jon a . Hunnewell 11 

W Brown ) 

N Bradley j 

Nath 1 . Fellowes Chairm n . 
William Walter Sec y 

The foregoing Report having been accepted by the town atad the 
votes for three assessors having been brought in & assorted it 
appeared that 

Messrs. Josiah Snelling 

Samuel Dunn 

Benj a . Sumner 
were chosen Assessors for the year ensuing 

Voted that all matters which shall remain unfinished at this 
meeting be referred over to the May meeting. 

Voted unanimously that the thanks of the town be given to 
Joseph Russell Esq. the Moderator of this meeting for the 
dispatch given the business that came before them 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



[2O6.] At a meeting of the male Inhabitants of the town 
of Boston of twenty one years of age and upwards qualified as 
the Constitution prescribes and legally warned in public town 
meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the twelfth 
day of May Anno Domini 1802 11 Clock AM 

Prayer by Reverend Mr. Jn Murray 
Warrant for calling the meeting was Read 

That part of the Constitution or frame of government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives was Read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1802. 127 

The town having determined by a vote to choose seven persons 
to Represent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to be 
holden in the State house in Boston on the last Wednesday of 
May current agreeable to the Constitution or frame of Govern- 
ment for Massachusetts ; the inhabitants were directed by the 
Selectmen to withdraw and bring in their votes for seven Repre- 
sentatives and then it was declared by the Selectmen that no vote 
would be received but such as are unfolded, and until the names 
of the persons entering shall be marked on the list by the Gentle- 
men who assist for that purpose from the several wards, and that 
they propose the polls shall be closed at half past two o'clock, 
the bells to begin tolling at two oclock and to continue until half 
an hour is expired 

The votes being brought in for seven Representatives, the 
whole number of the same were found to be 2408, and upon as- 
sorting them it appeared that the following seven Gentlemen had 
obtained a majority of the votes Viz 

Hon ble . John C Jones Esq 1386 

Hon ble . Harrison Gray Otis Esq. 1378 

Joseph Russell Esq. 1378 

Samuel Parkman Esq 1383 

John Lowell Esq. 1369 

Deacon William Brown -------- 1382 

Jon a . Hunnewell Esq. 1374 

[2O7.] The votes given for such as did not obtain were for 

Charles Jarvis Esq Votes 1030 

James Bowdoin Esq 1022 

Benj a . Austin Jun r . Esq. 1023 

David Tilden Esq ]020 

Russell Sturgis Esq 1024 

Nathaniel Fellowes Esq 1018 

Samuel Brown Esq --' 1036 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen, the meeting was dissolved 



At a meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public town 
meeting assembled at Faneuil hall on Tuesday the thirteenth day 
of May Anno Domini 1802, 10 Clock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev d . Mr. Murray 

Warrant for calling the meeting was Read 

The Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. 
was chosen Moderator of this meeting by a hand vote 



128 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq 

William Tudor Esq 

John Winslow Esq 

William Brown Esq 

Mr. Josiah Knapp 

Mr. Joshua Davis Jun r . 

are added to the Selectmen who conjunctly are to manage and 
lease the lands on the neck 

The article in the warrant viz To consider & adopt such 
methods as may be proper to investigate the Towns claims to the 
Flatts and Docks, also appoint Agents with authority to settle 
and compromise any difference and to prosecute & [2O8] defend 
suits on the towns claims to final judgment & execution and to 
do any thing which may be thought proper to be done at said 
meeting on that subject was read, whereupon 

Voted that the above Committee be added to the Selectmen for 
the purpose aforesaid to report at the adjournment and Thomas 
Davis, Samuel Brown and John Andrews, Esquires are added to 
said Committee 

The article in the warrant viz That the town would take into 
consideration the propriety of an application to the Legislature for 
an alteration in the law respecting the choice of Constables was 
read whereupon 

Voted that this matter be referred to the Gentlemen who repre- 
sent this town in the General Court who are desired to act thereon 
as they may think proper 

The Committee to audit Treasurers accounts &c 
Report 

That the Selectmens drafts amount to - - - - $42557.26 

Overseers of the poor 13946.98 

Board of Health from May 1801 to May 1802 - - 3248.49 



Total - --- 59752.73 
The Treasurer charges 

p d . A Tukesbury for repairs & sundries - - 222.12 
also amount of abatements, viz 

To Benj Henderson - - - 942.33 
Tho 8 Bailey - - - - 2108. 4 
Benj Jepson - - - - 641.95 
C Marshall - - - - 1279.18 



4971.50 

the above completes the abatement of 
taxes for 1800 by the assessors certified 
March 15 1802 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1802. 129 

The treasurer charges money paid for 

interest 2403.25 

The treasurer charges himself with new 

a/cb'al ce . 23231.36.5 

90580.96.5 

The treasurer gives Cr by the bal ce . of ~\ 

old acc. [ 21601.90.2 

April 13 1801 } 
By sundries received of William Gooch in 

8 paym ts . 407.15 

By William Gooch's note 372.63 

780.8 

By the Board of health 234.62 

By Gen 1 . Winslow for 2 fines to Board 

health 400. 

634.62 

By 1 fine 1.66 

[2O9.] By S Bourne Esq. 2 fines 2.62 

By Mungo Mackay Esq. subscription money for Cam- 
bridge Street 100. 

By O Hartshorne for lands sold him 1070. 

By George Trott for hay engine ---.--- 194.58 

By doughs note 13.33.3 

By sundry rents ---- -- 749. 

By A Tukesbury for rent 133.33 

By the States Treasurer 2 semi annual payments 

for States poor in Almshouse 5299.84 

By the tax voted for 1801 60.000.00 

90580.96.5 



The treasurer also exhibits a trial balance Acc. 
April 1802 

And charges Town powder - - - - - - - -1041.94 

Notes receivable 372.63 

Andrew Tukesbury 127.51 

Estate of James Thompson 645.78 

Cash 366.33 

Benj a . Henderson 10216.22 

Christopher Marshall 2430.60 

ditto 13772. 1 

Benj a .Jepson 17349.13 

Thomas Bailey -------- 14327.72 



58095.68 



60649.87.5 



130 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

And credits for notes payable - - - - 30948.80 

Estate of John Gray - - 107. 

Samuel Clap 491.84 

Town of Boston 23231.36.5 

Overseers drafts -' 66.44 

Selectmens drafts 5804.43 



60649.87.5 



Amount of notes payable and to whom viz 

Ezekiel Price April 1. 1790 - ... 220.15.4 

B Barker March 1. 1792 463. 5 

Elizabeth Partridge 231.12.6 

Selectmen of Boston ------- 369. 

Benja Waldo June 29 800. 



2084.12.10 

equal to - - - 6948.80 

Borrowed of the Union Bank for Alrnshouse - - - 20000. 

for Board health - - 2000. 
for oil for Lamps - - 2000 



$30948.80 

[21O.] The particulars of the foregoing statements are in 
the several accounts herein annexed to which a reference may be 
had all which appears to be well vouched and right cast. The 
Committee after taking many circumstances of the town into con- 
sideration recommend a tax to be laid for 70,000 dollars all 
which is respectfully submitted 

Thomas Dawes 
Joseph Russell 
Samuel Brown 

The foregoing report having been read and considered the same 
was accepted whereupon it was 

Voted that the sum of 70,000 dollars be raised by a tax to be 
assessed on the Polls and estates of the inhabitants of the Town 
to defray the expenses of the current year 

Voted that the Town Treasurer and collectors of taxes Salaries, 
and the compensations to the assessors now chosen be referred 
for consideration to the assistants of the town assessors to report 
at the adjournment 

Voted that the sum of Six hundred and sixty six dollars be 
allowed and paid unto William Cooper for his services as Town 
Clerk the present year the same to be paid him quarterly as it 
shall become due, and to commence the first day of March last 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1802. 131 

Voted that the sum of three hundred dollars be allowed to 
John Phillips Esq. for his services as Town Advocate the year 
ensuing 

Voted to print the schedule of Town expenses the last year 

The report of the Committee relative to Town Treasurers being 
impowered to issue small notes &c, again read and debated and 
the question being put, Whether the Report shall be accepted," 
passed in the negative 

Adjourned to Monday the twenty fourth day of May instant at 
three oclock. PM 

Monday May 24 1802. the Town met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Committee to investigate the Towns claim to the docks and 
Flatts, Report, 

That they have fully considered the subject as it respects the 
flatts between the South Battery Sconce and Scarlets Wharfe 
[11.] formerly so called ; have examined the earliest record & 
heard council on the subject. The Committee find that the rights 
of the abutters were limited by a circular line drawn in the year 
1673 according to an agreement signed by them and by the 
Selectmen The Committee have examined the plan of the cir- 
cular line which was taken in 1708, and are of opinion that this 
line should be considered as the boundaries of the rights of the 
abutters on the sea or flatts eastward 

By order of the Committee 

Charles Bulfinch Chairman 

The foregoing report having been read and debated was 
accepted by the town 

A motion being made for a reconsideration did not obtain 

The committee appointed to consider a compensation for the 
services of the assessors and Town Treasurer, and the Collector 
of Taxes Report 

That they are of opinion that Six hundred & fifty dollars be 
allowed to each of the assessors, as a compensation for their 
services, and that one thousand dollars p r Annum for the Town 
Treasurer and Collector of Taxes as a compensation for his 
services 

Nathaniel Fellowes p r Order. 

The foregoing Report having been accepted it was thereupon 
voted. 



132 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

That the sum of One thousand dollars be allowed and paid 
unto Samuel Clap Esq. as a compensation for his services as 
Town Treasurer and Collector of taxes the present year, the same 
to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due and to commence 
the first day of March last, also 

Voted that Six hundred and fifty dollars be allowed and paid to 
each the assessors for their respective services the present year, 
the same to be paid them quarterly as it shall become due, and to 
commence the first day of March last 

Voted that the town Treasurer be authorized and empowered 
to borrow on lawful interest for the use of the Board of Health 
as there may be occasion a sum not exceeding two thousand 
dollars 

Voted that the Town Treasurer be authorized and empowered 
to borrow on lawful interest for the use of the Selectmen as there 
may be occasion a sum not exceeding two thousand dollars 



Voted that the Town Treasurer be authorized and 
empowered to borrow on lawful interest a sum not exceeding four 
thousand dollars for the use of the Selectmen for the special pur- 
pose of defraying the sums which have been awarded to those 
persons whose lands and buildings in Fish Street have been taken 
from them since the late fire to enlarge and improve said street. 

Voted that the thanks of the Town be given to the Honble 
Thomas Dawes Esq. the Moderator of this meeting for his good 
services in dispatching the business of the meeting 

Then the meeting was dissolved 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public Town 
meeting, assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 5 th . day of 
July Anno Domini 1802 at 9 oclock AM 

Warrant for calling the meeting - - Read 

William Cooper Esq. was chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed last year to make choice of a Gentle- 
man to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Independence 

Reported, that they had made choice of the Rev d William 
Euimerson who has accepted the appointment 

On motion adjourned to Old South Church when agreeable to 
the information of the Selectmen 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1802. 133 



AN ORATION 

to commemorate the Independence of the United States was 
delivered by the Rev d . William Emmerson at the old South 
Church 

On motion voted that the Selectmen be a Committee to wait 
on the Rev d . William Emmerson, and in the name of the Town 
to thank him for the elegant and spirited Oration this day [213] 
delivered by him at the request of the town upon the anniversary 
of the Independence of the United States of America ; in which 
according to the Institution of the Town he considered the feel- 
ings manners and principles which led to that great national 
event ; and to request of him a copy thereof for the Press 

On motion voted that the Gentlemen Selectmen be and hereby 
are appointed a Committee to apply to some one able & learned 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the fourth day of July A D 
1803, that day being the anniversary of the Independence of the 
United States of America wherein the Orator is to consider the 
feelings, manners and principles which led to this great national 
event; as well as the important and happy effects, whether gen- 
eral or domestic, which have already or will forever flow from 
that auspicious epoch 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public town 
meeting assembled at Faneuil hall on Wednesday the fourteenth 
day of July A D 1 . 1802, 3 Clock P M 

Warrant for calling a meeting - - Read 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. 
was chosen Moderator 

The petition of a number of the Physicians of the Town, and of 
the Board of Health, that the town would take into consideration 
the expediency of granting permission (under direction of the 
Board of Health) to inoculate twenty persons with the small pox, 
having previously had the Kine pox, in order to ascertain beyond 
all reasonable doubt, the utility of that disorder as a preventa- 
tive against the small pox, and also that they be empowered to 
take up some proper house as a hospital wherein to make these 
experiments was read and after considerable debate the question 
was put and did not obtain, It was then moved & Voted that 
the Prayer of this Petition be so far complied with that [214] 
the Board of health have full power to make the experiment at 



134 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

any place that they may judge convenient provided that it be not 
within the town 

Then the meeting was dissolved 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned in public Town 
meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the twenty seventh 
day of September Anno Domini 1802, 10 oclock AM 

Warrant for calling the meeting Read 

Ebenezer Hancock Esq. 
was chosen Moderator by a hand vote 

Samuel Clap Esq. letter of Resignation as Town Treasurer and 
Collector of Taxes for the present year was read and accepted, 
as by copy on file, 

On motion voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to Samuel Clap Esq. for his good and faithful services 
as Town Treasurer for a number of years past. 

The inhabitants were directed to bring in their votes for Town 
Treasurer and Collector of taxes for the remainder of the year, 
and the same being brought in and counted it appeared that 

Ebenezer Storer Esq. 

was chosen Town Treasurer and Collector by a very large 
majority. 

On motion voted that the Auditors of the Towns accounts 
chosen last March be desired to examine the accounts of the late 
Treasurer, and to balance his books 

The article in the warrant relative to the proceedings of the 
trustees for managing the land on the neck, was read, whereupon 

Voted, that the Town do now ratify and confirm the proceed- 
ings of the Trustees for managing their land on the Neck and 
authorize them or the major part of them as may be annually 
chosen for that purpose to execute in behalf of the Town, such 
[215] leases thereof or of any parcel or parts thereof which such 
reservations of Rents and Rights of pre entry and limitations, 
covenants of renewal or any other covenants ; as in the opinion 
of the said Trustees, or the major part of them shall be most for 
the interest of the Town ; which authority shall continue until 
revoked by the Town, Provided that in all cases, the leases of the 
said lands and any part or parcel of them shall be sold at public 
auction 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1802. . 135 

The article in the warrant containing the request of Cap'. John 
Brazer was read, whereupon 

Voted that his request be referred to the Selectmen for considera- 
tion to report thereon at the next general Town meeting that may 
be called 

The article in the warrant, viz, The request of Jon a . Ellis that 
means may be adopted to make the necessary abatement in his 
Tax for 1801 was read whereupon 

Voted that the present Assessors together with two of the 
Assessors of the last year viz Eben r . Seaver & Jedediah Parker 
be a Committee with authority to make the necessary abatements 
on the outstanding Taxes prior to 1802, and to close the old 
Assessors books to that period 

Voted that the thanks of the Town be and heieby are given 
unto Ebenezer Hancock Esq. for his good services as Moderator 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



[216.] At a meeting of the Freeholders & other inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public 
town meeting assembled at Faneuil hall on the first day of Nov r . 
Anno Domini 1802, 11 Clock A M. 

Prayer was made by Rev d . Mr. Gardner 
Warrant for calling the meeting - - Read 

Paragraph of the Resolve of the General Court for the choice of 
one Representative for the Suffolk district of this Commonwealth 
in the Congress of the United States &c was Read 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that the poll would be 
closed at two oclock P M the bell to begin tolling at half past 
one oclock 

Persons voted for as a Representative for the Suffolk district 
for this Commonwealth in the next Congress of the United States 
Viz 

Hon ble . William Eustis Esq r . Fourteen hundred and thirty 
votes 

Hon ble . John Q. Adams Esq r . Fourteen hundred and ninety 
six and the same was declared in Town meeting. 

An attested Copy of the persons voted for as above was sealed 
up in Town meeting after a declaration had been made by the 



136 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Selectmen of the persons voted for as a Representative for 
the Suffolk district in this Commonwealth in the Congress of the 
United States and the same was put into the hands of the 
Sheriff of this County, to be delivered to the Secretary of this 
Commonwealth, superscribed as follows viz*. 

For John A very Esq. 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



[217.] At a meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
public town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall Dec r . 23 d . AD 
1802, 10 Clock AM. 

Warrant for calling a meeting Read 

Joseph Russell Esq. 
was chosen moderator by a hand Vote. 

The article in the warrant viz. To consider the expediency of 
appointing Agents with full power to make a final adjustment by 
sale, purchase or otherwise with the Legislature relative to the 
Old Town house, Or to take such other measures respecting the 
same as may be most for the interest & honor of the Town, was 
read & considered, whereupon 

Voted, That the Hon ble . the Senators of the County of Suffolk, 
and the Representatives of the Town of Boston be authorized 
with full power to make any contract on the part of the Town 
with the General Court of this Commonwealth, and the Counties 
of Suffolk & Norfolk relative to the Old Town House, by sale 
purchase or otherwise, and on such terms and conditions as to 
them may appear most for the interest and honor of the Town 

The article in the warrant relative to a further allowance to 
the Assessors, Town Treasurer and Collector &c was read and 
after debate the further consideration thereof was referred over 
to March meeting. 

The request of Russell Sturgis Esq. that the Town would 
lease to him Deer island forj the purpose of erecting Salt works 
having been read and considered 

Voted that the Selectmen be and are hereby authorized and im- 
powered to lease Deer Island in part or in whole for such sum 
and such a term not exceeding twelve years as they may judge 
proper. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1803. 137 

Matters unfinished referred to next Town meeting. 

On motion voted that the Thanks of the town be given to Joseph 
Russell Esq for his good services as Moderator of this meeting. 

Then the meeting was Dissolved. 



18O3. 

[218.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the town of Boston at Faneuil Hall on Friday 21 Janu- 
ary AD 1803. 10 Clock AM. 

Warrant for calling meeting Read 

Joseph Russell Esq 
chosen Moderator of this meeting by a hand vote. 

The article in the warrant relative to the Security of the Town 
from fires, together with the petition of a number of the Inhabi- 
tants for calling the meeting read and considered, whereupon 

Voted unanimously that twelve citizens be chosen one from 
each ward who with the Selectmen shall until the first day of May 
next have full power and authority to adopt such measures as to 
them may appear necessary and expedient the better to secure 
the town against damage from fire ; and the inhabitants hereby 
pledge themselves to the Committee and to each other that they 
will promptly and without delay conform to the rules and regula- 
tions which said Committee may from time to time propose to 
enable them to effect the object of their appointment and the 
following Gentlemen were chosen as a Committee from the several 
Wards agreeable to the above vote Viz. 

Cap* Bray for Ward N 1 

Col Gardner " 2 

Thomas Lewis " 3 

Josiah Vose "__.__ 4 

Mr. Mitchell Lincoln " - 5 

Isaiah Doane Esq ----------- 6 

James Prince Esq " 7 

Mr. David Bradlee " 8 

Arnold Welles Esq" 

General Winslow " 10 

Cap* Daniel Messenger 11 

Amasa Davis Esq _-- 12 

also voted that in case of any vacancy the said Committee are to 
fill up said vacancy 

Voted that the Representatives of the Town be directed to use 
their endeavours in the General Court to obtain such a revision 



138 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

and alteration of the law regulating buildings [219] That all 
buildings exceeding ten feet in height shall be built wholly of 
brick or stone except such parts as may be necessary for doors or 
windows, and covered -with Slate Tile or other non-combustible 
composition 

On motion voted that as the Town have witnessed the caution, 
prudence and discretion of the Firewards in the late distressing 
scenes which have fallen on this metropolis the Thanks of the 
town be given to them and that they may be assured that the 
town will afford them all the support necessary to such important 
usefulness 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be given to Joseph Russell 
Esq for his good services as Moderator 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public town 
meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 26 January 
AD 1803, 10 oclock AM 

Warrant for calling the meeting Read. 

Joseph Russell Esq. was chosen Moderator by a hand vote. 

The petitions relative to a new Bridge, and a permanent wharf 
were read and after debate had thereon 

Voted that the Representatives of this Town be instructed to 
request of the Legislature now in session a reference of the ap- 
plication now before them for a bridge or wharves from South 
end to Dorchester point until the next session of the Legislature, 
also 

Voted that Mr. Josi a . Snelling Ward N 1 

Cap 1 . Rhodes " N 2 

Col. John May " 3 

William Mackay " 4 

Thomas Edwards Esq 5 

Hon ble . John C Jones 6 

Hon ble . Benj a . Austin Jr 7 

Cap 1 . John Brazier 8 

Cap 1 . Nath 1 . Fellowes 9 

Joseph Russell Esq. 10 

Gen 1 . Winslow 11 

Josiah Knapp 12 

[22O.] be a Committee to consider the subject of the Bridge 
proposed from the South part of the town to Dorchester and also 



BOSTON To\vx RECORDS, 1803. 139 

the petition of Edward Tuckerman and others for liberty to build 
a wharf to the Channel and to report their opinion to the 
Town at the next March meeting 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other inhabitants of the 
town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public town 
meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 31 Jany A D l 
1803. 

Warrant for calling the meeting Read 

The article in the warrant was Read, as well as the petition for 
calling the meeting and after some debate a motion was made and 
carried that this meeting be adjourned to the Old South Church 

The consideration of the article was then taken up and after 
large debate the Question was put viz whether the vote passed 
the 21 st . instant viz "That all buildings exceeding ten feet in 
hight shall be built wholly of brick or Stone except such parts as 
may be necessary for doors and windows, and covered with slate 
tile or other non- combustible composition " shall be reconsidered, 
it passed in the negative by a considerable majority It was then 
moved and voted that our Representatives be instructed to pro- 
cure an exemption in the bill now before the Legislature for such 
persons as before the said twenty first day of January had con- 
tracted or provided materials for erecting such buildings. 

Then the meeting was dissolved 



At a meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in pub- 
lic Town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 
second day of March AD 1803. at 10 Clock AM 

Warrant for calling a meeting was Read 

David Tilden Esq was chosen Moderator by a hand vote 

The article in the warrant relative to the list of qualified voters 
was read whereupon 

Voted that the following Gentlemen be a Committee to receive 
correct and complete the list of qualified voters in their respective 
wards, who are to report the same to the Selectmen, Viz 



140 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Josiah Snelling Samuel Lord & Amos Binney - - Ward N 1 

Thomas Lewis Col. Edward Proctor John May - "3 

Josiah Vose, Cap 1 . Ben j a . Smith Darius Boardman - "4 

Jacob Rhoades, Col. Gardner John Truman - - " 2 

Mitehel Lincoln, John W. Folsom Samuel Sturgis - "5 

Isaiah Doane, Jacob Eustis, Samuel Snelling - " 6 

Cap*. Prince, Sam 1 . Parkman, B Austin, Samuel) u 

Snmner Josiah Bacon S Shaw j 

Cap 1 . Brazier, Dr. Nath 1 . Noyes David Bradlee - "8 
Arnold Welles Esq. Nath 1 . Fellows Esq Edm d . 

Bowman " 9 

Gen 1 . Winslow, G Blanchard, Samuel Hewes - - " 10 

Samuel Sweet, Gen 1 . Donnison, Henry Vose - - "11 

W Brown Esq Cap*. Wheeler, Col. Davis Henry j "19 

Bass, Uriah Cotton, Josiah Knapp j 

A list of names for Jury Boxes was laid before the Town, and 
being approved, the Gentlemen Selectmen were appointed a Com- 
mittee for the purpose of regulating the Jury Boxes. 

Voted that the thanks of the Town be given to David Tilden 
Esq. for his good services as Moderator. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
public town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
14 th day of March Anno Domini 1803 9 Clock AM. 

Prayer was made by Rev d . Doctr. Howard. 

Warrant for calling the meeting was Read. 

Sunday laws to be read at this meeting were accordingly read 

Joseph Russell Esq. 
was chosen Moderator by a hand vote 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
votes for a Town Clerk and the same having been brought in & 
counted it appeared that William Cooper Esq. was chosen Town 
Clerk for the year ensuing, and the oath of office was adminis- 
tered to him by Mr. Justice Bulfinch 

The Inhabitants were directed to bring in their votes for nine 
Selectmen and the same being brought in counted and assorted it 
appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen Viz*. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1803. 141 

Charles Bulfinch Esq Mr. William Porter 

David Tilden Esq Wm Sherburne Esq 

Russell Sturgis P^sq Mr. John Tileston 

Cap*. Joseph Howard Mr. Ebenr. Oliver 

Jon a . Hunnewell Esq 



The votes being brought in for twelve overseers of 
the poor it appeared that 

Edward Proctor Esq Mr. Oliver Brewster 

Mr. Edward Edes Dr. Redford Webster 

Henry Hill Esq Thomas Perkins Esq 

William Smith Esq Stephen Codman Esq 

William Phillips Esq Mr. Samuel Snelling 

Stephen Gorham Esq Mr. Benj a . Goddard 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

The Inhabitants brought in their votes for twenty four Fire- 
wards, when it appeared that 

Thomas Melvill Thomas H Perkins Esq 

Mr. Edward Edes John Winslow Esq 
Amasa Davis Esq [224.] Cap 1 Joseph Howard 

Samuel Parkman Esq Mr Benjamin Joy 

Henry Jackson Esq Stephen Codman Esq 

William Scollay Esq Andrew Cunningham Esq 

Joseph May Esq Mr. John Bray 

Cap*. Rob 1 Gardner Mr. Thomas Dennie 

John May Esq General Elliot 

William Brown Esq Rufus G. Amory Esq. 

Samuel Bradford Esq Jonathan Hunnewell Esq. 

Joseph Head Cap' Daniel Messinger 
were chosen Fire wards for the year ensuing 

Voted, that in addition to the Selectmen twelve persons be now 
chosen a School Committee and the votes being brought in it 
appeared that the following gentlemen were chosen viz 

Hon Thomas Dawes Esq 
Dr Thomas Walsh 
Rev Joseph Eckley D D 
Rev Jno T Kirkland 
Dr. Aaron Dexter 
William Smith Esq. 

, Arnold Welles Jr Esq 

Edward Gray Esq 
David Greene Esq 
Josiah Quincy Esq 
Rev d William Emmerson 
John Phillips Esq. 

Voted that the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 



142 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

the Selectmen are termed the School committee be and hereby are 
directed to carry the new system of education which has been 
adopted by the town into operation ; and said Committee are also 
authorized and empowered conjunctly [225] to manage and 
regulate the Officers and the government of the Schools, and in 
future to regulate all the power relative to the Schools and School- 
masters which the Selectmen or such Committees were authorized 
by the laws of this Commonwealth or the Town to exercise, any 
former votes of the Town to the contrary notwithstanding 

Votes were brought in for a Town Treasurer and collector, but 
there being no choice, On motion four o clock P M was assigned 
for the choice. 

Mr. Benjamin White 
Moses Ayres 
Daniel lugersol Jun r . 
William Darricott 
were chosen Fence viewers for the year ensuing 

Votes for a Treasurer for the County of Suffolk brought in 
and counted by the Moderator & Town Clerk when it appeared 
that the whole number [was] 272, all of which were for Ebenezer 
Seaver Esq a discreet suitable person and a Freeholder and 
Resident in said County. 

The Votes being brought in for a Town Advocate for the 
Municipal Court it appeared that John Phillips Esq. was chosen 

Ajourned to 3 Clock, P M 
Town met at three Oclock P M 

Messrs. Barney Conner 

William Wheeler 
were chosen Hogreeves for the year ensuing 

Messrs. Barney Conner 

William Wheeler 
were chosen Haywards for the year ensuing 

[226.] Messrs. Jeffry Richardson 

Samuel Emmons 
were chosen Surveyors of Hemp for the year ensuing 

Messrs. Edward Tuckerman 

Edward Edes 
were chosen Surveyors of Wheat for the year ensuing 

Messrs. John Welles 

William C Hunneman 
were chosen Assay masters for the year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1803. 143 

Messr. Roger Bartlett 

Jonathan Gushing 
were chosen Cullers of Dry Fish for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Henry Purkett 
Lemuel Gardner 
Thomas Barber 
James Eunson 
were chosen Cullers of hoops & staves for the year ensuing 

The Selectmen 
were chosen surveyors of the highways for the year ensuing 

Mr. Edward Rumney, was chosen Inspector of Stone Lime for 
the year ensuing 

Messrs. Joshua Bentley 

James Blake 

William Clouston 

John Butterfleld 

Benjamin White 

John Cogswell 

William Darricott 

Benjamin Page 

William Ellison 
[227.] Daniel Ingersoll 

Samuel Treat 

Thomas Stutson 
were chosen Surveyors of Boards for the year ensuing. 

Voted that the Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq 

Joseph Russell Esq 

Samuel Brown Esq 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to audit the accounts 
of the late Town Treasurer and also the acco ts . of the Selectmen 
Overseers of the poor & Board of health and said Committee are 
also directed to report the sums necessary to be raised for the ser- 
vices of the present year 

Votes for a Town Treasurer & Collector of Taxes were again 
brought in and upon counting and assorting the same it appeared 
that, Mr. Benjamin Sumner was chosen. 

The petition of the Wood wharfingers " That the Law which 
restricts them from carrying more than four feet of Wood in their 
Carts, may "be repealed " was read, and after debate had thereon 
it was moved & voted that 

Gen 1 . Winslow 
Chas 8 . Paine Esq 
Jon a . Hunnewell Esq 



144 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

be a committee to confer with the Wharfingers and report thereon 
at the adjournment 

The application of a number of the Inhabitants of West Bos- 
ton was read, Whereupon Voted that the consideration of their 
request that a new writing and grammar school may be estab 
lished in that part of the Town be referred to the School Com- 
mittee, they to report thereon at the adjournment 

On motion Voted that this meeting be adjourned to Wednesday 
23 d . inst. 10 Clock AM then to meet in this place. 

Adjourned accordingly. 



The Town met according to adjournment March 23 d . 
1803, at 10 Clock AM. 

Voted that the consideration of all money matters be referred 
over to next May meeting 

The School Committee on the petition of a number of the 
Inhabitants of West Boston for an additional school Report 
that having considered the petition of the Inhabitants of West 
Boston for an additional school they unanimously recommend 
that a reading and writing School should be established in some 
convenient place at West Boston, so situated however as that it 
shall likewise accommodate those who live near the centre of the 
town " which Report having been read and considered it was 
voted that the same be accepted Also 

Voted that the said Committee be empower'd to procure by 
purchase or otherwise a suitable piece of land whereon to erect a 
School house as proposed by the Inhabitants of Ward N 7 and 
that they proceed to build said school house and to establish a 
writing and English grammar school with all convenient speed. 

The Committee on the petition of the Woodwharfingers Re- 
port, That having attended to that duty they are of opinion that 
the clause of the By-law complained of by the Petitioners operates 
a hardship upon them and that the same ought to be so altered as 
that the Woodwharfingers & Truckmen should be at liberty, to 
carry on their carts or Trucks at any season of the year a load 
not exceeding six feet of Cord or Fire wood, reserving to the 
Selectmen the power of restricting them to carry not more than 
four feet of green wood at one time during such [229] part of 
the Spring of every year as the Selectmen shall deem necessary 
for the preservation of the Streets lanes and alleys of the town 
and shall limit, and give notice thereof in any public newspaper 
printed in the town of Boston, they the said Selectmen to have 
power to vary, enlarge, or diminish such restriction as they may 
judge proper 

John Winslow, Chairman. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1803. 145 

The above Report having been read & considered the question 
was put viz whether this report shall be accepted ; passed in the 
affirmative 

Voted that all matters which shall remain unfinished at this 
meeting be referred over for consideration to May meeting 

Voted that the thanks of this meeting be given to Joseph Rus- 
sell Esq. for his good services as Moderator. 

THEN the MEETING WAS DISSOLVED. 



At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
of twenty one years of age & upwards qualified as the Constitu- 
tion prescribes and legally warned in public town meeting assem- 
bled at Faneuil hall on Wednesday the fourth day of April Anno 
Domini 1803 11 oClock AM 

Prayer made by Rev d . Samuel Stilman DD 
Warrant for calling the meeting Read. 

[23O.] Paragraph of the Constitution or frame of Govern- 
ment relative to the choice of Governor & L*. Governor & 
Senators Read 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no vote should be 
received but such as were unfolded and that they propose the 
poll should be closed at three o'clock PM. the votes to be received 
at the table and the bells to begin ringing past two o'clock and 
to continue for half an hour 

Persons voted for as Governor with the number of votes for 
each person viz 

Votes 

His Excellency Caleb Strong Esq 1864 

Honorable Elbridge Gerry Esq. 881 

Persons voted for as Lieu. Governor with the number of votes 
for each person Viz 

Hon ble . Edward Hutchinson Robinson Esq 1661 
Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq. 1093 

Persons voted for as Senators for the County of Suffolk with 

the number of votes for each person viz 

Votes 

Hon b e . Oliver Wendell Esq 2735 

Hon ble . William Tudor Esq 1680 

Hon ble . John C Jones Esq 1698 



146 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

John Codman Esq 1679 

Hon ble . Jonathan Mason Esq 1653 

Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq 1036 

Hon ble . Benjamin Austin Esq 1076 

David Tilden Esq 1078 

Nathaniel Fellowes Esq 1056 

Samuel Brown Esq 5 

William Smith Esq 28 

Charles Jarvis Esq 19 

Theophilus Parsons Esq 12 

[231.] Attested Copies of the persons voted for as Gov- 
ernor Lt Governor & Senators of the County of Suffolk sealed up 
in Town meeting (after the votes had been declared) and trans- 
mitted to the Secretary of the Commonwealth superscribed as 
follows 

For John Avery Esq 
Sec y of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The number of Votes of the Town of Boston for Governor, 
Lieu 4 . Governor & five Senators for the County of Suffolk certified 
within & sealed up in town meeting. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[232.] At a meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the town of 
Boston of twenty one years of age and upwards qualified as the 
Constitution prescribes & legally warned in public town meeting 
assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the eleventh day of May 
Anno Domini 1803 11 Clock A M 

Prayer made by Rev d . [Blank] 
Warrant for calling the meeting [Read] 

That part of the Constitution or frame of Government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives [Read] 

The town having determined by a vote to choose seven persons 
to represent them in the general Court of Massachusetts to be 
holden in the State house in Boston on the last Wednesday of 
May current agreeable to the constitution or frame of Govern- 
ment for Massachusetts, the Inhabitants were directed by the 
Selectmen to withdraw and bring in their votes for seven Repre- 
sentatives and then it was declared by the Selectmen that no votes 
would be received by the Selectmen but such as are unfolded, 
and until the Persons entering shall be marked on the list by the 
Gentlemen, who assist for that purpose, from the several Wards, 
and that they propose the poll shall be closed at past two 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1803. 147 

o'clock, the Bells to begin tolling at two o'clock and to continue 
until an half hour, is expired 

The votes being brought in for seven Representatives the whole 
number of the same was found to be 2,060, and upon assorting 
them it appeared that the following seven Gentlemen had obtained 
a majority of Votes Viz 

[233.] Honble Harrison Gray Otis Esq 1175 

John Lowell Esq 1152 

Samuel Parkman Esq. 1163 

Jonathan Hunnewell 2031 

William Smith Esq. 1208 

William Brown Esq. 1197 

John Phillips Esq. 1243 

The votes given for such as did not obtain were for 

Hon James Bowdoin Esq - - 873 

David Tilden Esq - ... 875 

Russell Sturgis Esq - 884 

Abiel Smith Esq - - - 905 

Nathaniel Fellows Esq - - 842 

Charles Paine Esq - - 815 

The choice of Representatives being over & declared by the 
Selectmen, 

Then, the meeting was dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public Town 
meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the twelfth day 
of May Anno Domini 1803 at 10 o'clock AM. 

Warrant for calling the meeting Read 

Joseph Russell Esq. 
was chosen Moderator of this meeting by a hand vote 

On motion, the Inhabitants were directed to bring in their votes 
for three Selectmen, and half past eleven o'clock assigned for 
closing the Poll. 

On counting the votes it appeared that the whole number was 
523 and that the following [234] Gentlemen were chosen Viz*. 

John May Esq. 428 votes 

Francis Wright Esq. 428 " 

Jonathan Chapman Esq. 428 " 

The following Gentlemen are added to Selectmen who conjunctly 
are to manage & lease the lands on Boston neck, by a unanimous 
vote, Viz 



148 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. William Brown Esq. 

" William Tudor Esq. Mr. Joseph Knapp 

John Winslow Esq. Mr. Joshua Davis Jun r . 

Article in the Warrant viz Whether the Town will impower 
Agents to maintain and defend any suits that may be brought, or 
to compromise with the Proprietors of the Roxbury Canal, for a 
piece of Marsh Land on the neck claimed by them " was read and 
considered, whereupon 

Voted that the Agents for the neck be and hereby are ap- 
pointed Agents for this purpose 

The request of Isaac P Davis that he may have a deed of the 
land on which his Rope walk stands at the bottom of the com- 
mon " was read Whereupon, Voted that the Selectmen be and 
hereby are appointed a Committee to confer with the Proprietors 
of said Land, fully to consider this matter & report to the town 
at the adjournment. 

The article in the warrant viz whether the Town will think it 
expedient to become interested in the proposed new Bank, read 
whereupon Voted that 

The Hon ble . John C Jones Esq 

Harrison Gr Otis Esq 

Thomas Dawes Esq 

John Codman Esq 

Joseph Russell Esq 

Charles Bulfinch Esq 

John Q Adams Esq 

[235] be a Committee to consider this matter and to report 
thereon at the adjournment the 23 d of May instant 

On the petition for an increase of the present surveyors of 
Board & shingles, it was voted that two more persons should be 
added to the present number of surveyors, and the choice of this 
addition referred to the adjournment 

The Committee to consider the expediency of reconsidering a 
former vote of the town for building a bridge from the South part 
of the town to Dorchester, and also the Petition of Edward 
Tuckerman and others for leave to build a wharf at the South part 
of the Town on Towns land Report, That having attended the 
business assigned them and heard the several parties, are fully in 
opinion that the erection of a Bridge from the South part of 
Boston to Dorchester would be very injurious to the interest of 
the Town, they therefore recommend a reconsideration of a former 
vote of the Town, granting leave to the Petitioners for that pur- 
pose That it is fully the opinion of the Committee (as they 
consider no real advantage can be derived from it to the Town) 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1803. 149 

that the prayer of the Petitioners for leave to build a wharf on 
the Towns land should not be granted. 

Per Order Josiah Snelling Chairman 

The aforegoing Report having been read & considered the Ques- 
tion was put whether said Report shall be accepted passed in 
the affirmative 

Voted that the other matters in the warrant not acted upon be 
referred to the adjournment and that the Inhabitants be informed 
of the same and of the business then to be acted upon and the 
meeting is adjourned to Monday the twenty third day of May 
instant, 10 Clock A M 

[236.] Monday the twenty third day of May at ten o'clock 
A M the Town met according to adjournment 

The inhabitants having brought in their votes for 2 surveyors 
of boards it appeared that 

Mr. Nathaniel Bradlee Jun r . 

Nehemiah Doggett Jun r . were chosen. 

The Committee to audit the Town Treasurers Acco te . and also 
to examine the accounts of the late Treasurer & to balance his 
Books, Report that they find the late Treasurer Samuel Clap 
Esq. charges the Town with monies paid from May to September 
1802 as follows 

To overseers drafts 7092.34 

To Selectmens d 19908.30 

To Board of healths drafts 1653.50 

28654.14 
To Samuel Brown Esq. balance of his Acc 

for New alms house 23533.32 

To dftto agreeable to a vote of the town 800. 

To Thomas Dawes d 800. 

To estate of G R Minot Esq. dec d . - - - 800. 

To amount of Interest paid since May last 1640.88 

$56228.34 

The late Treasurer also credits the town By old 

acc. for balance 

By cash received of Treas r . Commonwealth to sup- 
port the State poor 

By amount of rents received - - - - - - - 815.50 

By William Gooch at sundry times 137.40 

By Abel Wild being an error in a draft of June last 100. 

By a fine of J W Bayles by order of the Selectmen 50. 



3792.38 



28,126.64,5 
By balance due to the Town 28,101.69,5 

$56,228.34 



150 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The Committee further find the following Statement as the Trial 
balance in the late Treasurer acc ots . Books, viz 

[237.] "Wherein he charges to Towns Powder - - 1041.94.5 

To notes receiveable - 754.13. 

To Andrew Tewksbury 127.51 

To estate of James Thompson 645.78 

To Benjamin Henderson 4868.96 

To Christopher Marshall 7883.31 

To Benjamin Jepson 9826.24 

To Thomas Bayley 7777.58 

30358.9 

To Cash 26.65 

To Town of Boston 28101.69.5 



$61055.80 



Wherein he credits the town of Boston, by notes payable viz 

By Ezekiel Prices estate - - - -220.15.4 

By B Barkers 463.5 

By Elizabeth Partridge - - - - 231.12.6 
By Selectmen of Boston - - - - 369. 
By Benjamin Waldo's Estate - - 800. 



2084.12.10 Lawf*My 

which sum is equal in dollars 6948.80 

By Union Bank 53210. 

By ditto 790. 

By estate of John Gray 107. 



61055.80 
Boston September 25, 1802. signed, Samuel Clap. 

The Committee also find the aforementioned drafts from the 
Overseers Selectmen & Board of Health to have been paid & 
receipted for, and they appear to be well vouched and right cast, 
all which will more fully appear from the accounts exhibited to 
which reference will be had 

Thomas Dawes ) -, 

Samuel Brown > ... 

,, I mittee 
Joseph Russell ) 

The Committee appointed to audit the Acco ts . of the late Town 
Treasurer Mr Storer, Overseers of the poor & Board of health 
and the sum necessary to be raised the present year. Report. 

[238.] The town of Boston as Dr to Ebenezer Storer 
Treasurer and Collector from October 1802 to March 1803 in 
Acc. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1803. 


151 


To Union Bank in part Notes ------ 
" Ditto for interest 1893.26 


14000. 


Interest on a Town Note - - - 73.80 




To Thomas Edwards on Thompsons debt - - - 
" Counterfeit Bills received of Persons ) 
unknown j 
" Ebenezer Seaver County Treasurer 
Jon a . Jackson Esq State Treasurer 


16.*45 
75. 

11380.92 
9412. 




36851.43 


To Selectmens drafts N 1 - - - 3140.4 




Ditto " 2 2750.27 




Ditto " 3 5635.59 




Ditto " 4 5968.62 




Ditto " 5 1853.80 




Ditto " 6 7009.1 




Ditto " 7 405.60 








26764.93 




deduct abatem*. in N 3 3 




26761.93 




To Overseers Drafts N 1. 3789.24 




" D 2 1115.33 




D ----- 3 673.76 




D 4 1480.11 




D 5 927. 1 




D 6 1618.31 




9633.76 




To Board of health N 1. 517.16 




D - - - - N 2 516.14 




D - - - - 3 712.85 




1746.15 




To balance in the Treasury ------- 


3109.25 




178,102.52 


Cr Prem m . 




tax cancelled 5 pr ct 55,527.68 2776.40 
ditto 3prct 6538.75 196.14 
ditto 2prct 1619.81 32.36 


52751.28 
6342.61 
1587.45 



63686.24 3004.90 60681.34 



152 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

[239.] By Cash of Collectors viz 

Benjamin Henderson - - 2945.78 

Christopher Marshall - - 3595.59 

Benjamin Jepson ... 5434.97 

Thomas Bayley - - - - 4460.94 



16,437,28 

By estate of James Thompson 645.78 

By William Grant, Rent of Stalls - - - 100. 

By Benj n . White d of Market - - - - 20. 

By George Trott Hayweigher - - - - 218.12 338.12 

78,102.52 

Here follows a trial balance March 14,1803, taken from the Books 
of Eben r . Storer late Treasurer and Collector with this mem. 
The above balance of 3109.25/100. was paid to Benjamin Sum- 
ner the new Treasurer April 12, 1803, and the Chest with the 
books and papers were delivered to him 

The Committee find the aforementioned drafts from the Over- 
seers Selectmen & Board of health to have been paid & receipted 
for. and they appear to be well vouched and right cast, all which 
will more fully appear from the accounts exhibited, and from the 
books and papers with the chest, and balance of three thousand 
one hundred & nine dollars and twenty five cents delivered over 
to Mr. Benjamin Sumner the present Treasurer, April 12, 1803. 

Thomas Dawes ) 
Joseph Russell > Committee 
Samuel Brown ) 

There was annexed to the above Report an estimate of appro- 
priation for the present year together with several suggestions for 
the consideration of the Town which will more fully appear by 
said Report, which having been distinctly read after some 
debate the question was put viz. whether these Reports shall 
be accepted by the Town, and it passed in the affirmative 

[24O.] Voted that the sum of Eighty eight thousand dollars 
be raised by a tax to be assessed on the Polls and estates of the 
Inhabitants of the town to defray the expenses of the current 
year. 

Voted that the sum of Six hundred & sixty six dollars be 
allowed & paid unto William Cooper for his services as Town 
Clerk the ensuing year, the same to be paid him quarterly as it 
shall become due and to commence the first of March last. 

Voted that the sum of Three hundred dollars be allowed to John 
Phillips Esq. for his services as Town Advocate the year ensu- 
ing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1803. 153 

Voted, That the Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. 

Joseph Russell Esq. 

Charles Jarvis Esq. 

James Prince Esq. 

General Winslow 

be a Committee for the purpose of enquiring generally into the 
state of the affairs of the County of Suffolk from the time the 
County of Norfolk was taken off and to report as soon as may 
be, and also what savings may be made. 

On the Report of the Committee to consider the expediency of 
the Town being interested in the proposed Bank 

Voted that the Selectmen together with the Town Treasurer & 
the County Treasurer be and hereby are appointed a Committee 
to confer with the Trustees of the proposed new Bank to obtain 
their consent that a right should be secured to the Town to sub- 
scribe at any future period to the said Institution a sum not ex- 
ceeding Two hundred thousand dollars, and to agree upon such 
terms of Subscription as to them may appear for the interest of 
the Town 

[241.] The Committee relative to the Ropewalks not having 
been able to make report, it was moved and voted that the 
Gentlemen Selectmen together with the Honorable Thomas Dawes 
Esq. Mr. Josiah Knapp Joseph Russell Esq. Mr. Ebenezer 
Larkin & Deacon Brown be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee with full powers to effect a settlement with the Proprietors 
of the Ropewalks, and to give them deeds of the Lands on which 
they stand either upon the terms originally conditioned by the 
town or on such others as in their opinion will be for the Interest 
& advantage of the town. 

The article in the warrant viz. " What measures shall be taken 
for the disposal and management of the Old State House, was 
read, and on motion Voted that the Committee chosen in the 
several Wards in April last to assist the Assessors, be appointed 
a Committee to consider this article in the warrant, and to report 
their opinion thereon at the Adjournment. 

Then the meeting was adjourned to Monday the 13 th of June 
next 10 clock AM. 

Monday June 13, 1803, 10 oclock A M. The Town met accord- 
ing to adjournment. 

The Moderator being out of Town, on motion the Hon ble . 
Thomas Dawes Esq. was chosen Moderator pro. tern. 

The Committee relative to the Old State house Reported 
after some debate it was moved that the sense of the Town be 
taken as to the expediency of leasing the same and the 



154 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

question being put it passed in favour of its being leased. The 
report was again [242] taken up amended and accepted by the 
town, and is as follows viz. 

That in the opinion of the Board of Assistant Assessors, the 
Committee for the purpose, it would be for the interest of the 
Town to lease the Old State house for a term of time not less 
than ten nor to exceed fifty years, and the rent to be paid quar- 
terly or annually ; and that it be a condition of the Lease that 
the house be put into good repair and kept so during the term for 
which it may be leased by and at the expense of the Lessee and 
shall be occupied for public or private offices and such other pur- 
poses only as the Selectmen for the time being shall approve of, 
and that no alteration be made in the external form of the build- 
ing without their approbation the Lease containing a clause pro- 
viding that if the Rent shall not be punctually paid, according to 
the terms of the lease, or if the Lessee or Lessees their heirs or 
assigns shall not occupy the estate according to the approbation 
or orders of the Selectmen as before expressed ; or shall suffer it 
to go to waste for want of repairs, that then the Selectmen or the 
Town shall have a right to reenter, and by the reentry to render 
the Lease void after such an entry providing however that the 
right of reentry be no bar to an action on the Lease against the 
Lessee or Lessees, their heirs, Executors, Administrators or 
Assigns if the Town consider such mode to be most eligible 
and that it would be best to dispose of the lease at public Auction 
William Walter Tristram Barnard 

Secretary Chairman 

[243.] Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are 
appointed Agents in behalf of the town to carry the aforegoing 
Report into execution. 

The Committee relative to the clause in the warrant respecting 
County expenses. Reported verbally and were desired to report 
again in writing, and that when ready to report the Selectmen are 
requested to call a special meeting for the consideration of the 
same. Also, Voted that 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. 

John Phillips Esq. 
be added to said Committee. 

Moved & voted that the consideration of the request of the 
Town Treasurer, Collector and Assessors for an augmentation 
of their respective salaries be referred for consideration to the 
meeting that may be called relative to County matters. 

Voted that the thanks of the Town be given unto Joseph 
Russell Esq. and the Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. for their good 
services in the Moderators chair 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1803. 155 

[244.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
public Town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
fourth day of July Anno Domini 1803, 9 oclock AM 

Warrant for calling the meeting Read 

William Cooper, chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed the last year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Inde- 
pendence, Reported, that they had made choice of William Sulli- 
van Esq. who has accepted the appointment. 

On motion adjourned to Old South Church, where agreeable to 
the information of the Selectmen 

AN ORATION, 

to commemorate the independence of the United States was 
delivered by William Sullivan Esq. at the Old South Church 

On motion voted that the Selectmen be a Committee to wait on 
William Sullivan Esq. and in the name of the Town to thank 
him for the elegant & spirited Oration this day delivered by him 
at the request of the Town upon the Anniversary of the Inde- 
pendence of the United States of America ; in which according to 
the Institution of the Town he considered the feelings, manners 
& principles which led to that great national event, and to 
request a Copy thereof for the press 

On motion voted that the Gentlemen, Selectmen be and hereby 
are appointed a Committee to apply to some one able and learned 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the fourth day of July A D 
1804 that [245] Day being the Anniversary of the Independ- 
ence of the United States of America wherein the Orator is to 
consider the feelings manners and principles which led to this 
great national event ; as well as the important & happy effects 
whether general or domestic, which have already, or will forever 
flow from that auspicious Epoch 

Then the meeting was dissolved 



At a meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in public town 
meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the twenty first 
day of December Anno Domini 1803 10 "Clock A M. 

Warrant for calling the meeting Read 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. chosen Moderator in the room of 
Judge Sullivan first chosen, who declined serving. 



156 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The Committee relative to the County of Suffolk Reported, and 
after considerable debate thereon it was moved & voted that 
this Report be printed and the Selectmen are requested to furnish 
each of the Freeholders with one of them, and that this meeting 
be adjourned to next Monday week, 10 oclock A M, and the 
meeting was accordingly adjourned. 



1804. 

The Town met according to adjournment, on Monday January 
2 d . 1804 at 10 oclock A M. 

The article in the Warrant relative to a Turnpike on the neck 
on Lords days read & debated [246] and the question being 
put whether it be sense of the town that a Turnpike be estab- 
lished, it did not obtain 

The Report of the Committee to consider what savings could 
be made in the County expences &c was taken up and largely 
debated, whereupon motion was made and the Question accord- 
ingly put viz Whether the Town will attempt to procure any 
alteration in the County & Town Government, which passed in 
the affirmative by a great majority. 

It was then moved & voted that a Committee of Twenty four 
Gentlemen [be appointed], and that two out of each Ward be 
chosen as the Committee to consider & report on this matter, 
and that said Report be given into the Selectmen, and when thus 
given in, that the same be printed & dispersed among the Inhab- 
itants for their iuformation, and the Selectmen were desired to 
call upon the Clerks of the Respective Wards to provide in the 
meetings of the Wards for that purpose 

Voted that any business unfinished, mentioned in the warrant 
be referred to next general town meeting. 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



[247.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in 
public town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
16th day of January Anno Domini 1804 at 10 oclock A M. 

Warrant for calling the meeting Read 

Mr. James Prince 
chosen Moderator by a hand vote 

On motion voted to adjourn this meeting to the Old South Church. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1804. 157 

The town being assembled at the Old South Church, the 
Warrant for the meeting, Petition &c being read, after some 
debate it was moved & seconded That the Town commit the 
proposal of William Tudor & others, (that the Lands on Dor- 
chester Neck be annexed to the Town of Boston on certain con- 
ditions) to a Committee to be chosen for that purpose a debate 
on this question ensued which continued until two oclock, when 
on motion the meeting was adjourned to 3 oclock P. M. 

At three oclock PM The town met agreeable to adjournment, 
and the debate was again taken up which continued until 6 oclock 
when on motion the Meeting was adjourned to the next day 
10 oclock AM. 

January 17. 10 oclock AM the Town met, when the debate was 
renewed and continued until One oclock ; the question of commit- 
ment was then taken, and it passed in the negative. 

It was then moved & seconded, That the town will consent 
that the lands on Dorchester neck agreeable to the Petition of the 
Owners shall be annexed [248] to and incorporated with the 
Town of Boston provided it can be done on such conditions as 
the Town shall hereafter agree to. The question being accord- 
ingly taken passed in the affirmative 

It was then moved & voted that a Committee be chosen in i'ne 
Wards consisting of two persons from each Ward to consider the 
conditions on which the Lands on Dorchester neck shall be an- 
nexed to and incorporated with the town of Boston, and that the 
Selectmen be requested to take measures to assemble the Wards 
for this purpose. 

Adjourned to Monday the 23 d instant 

Monday 23 d January instant at 10 oclock AM The town met 
according to adjournment, when the Chairman of the Selectmen 
reported that the Inhabitants of the several Wards had met and 
chosen the Committee agreeable to a vote of the town of the 
1 7 th instant, that the Committee had entered upon the business 
assigned them but were not yet ready to make report and pro- 
posed that the meeting should be adjourned to Monday the 30th 
instant, whereupon voted that this meeting be adjourned 
accordingly. 

Monday January 30, instant at 10 oclock, the Town met ac- 
cording to adjournment 

The report of the Committee chosen in the several Wards was 
read, whereupon it was moved & seconded and voted that this 
report be considered by paragraphs 



158 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The first paragraph relative to a Bridge from South Street was 
read & voted to be accepted. 

The second paragraph relative to what shall be paid to vessells 
passing up above the bridge &c was read, and after a long debate, 
the Question whether the [*349] same shall be accepted being 
put it was declared by the Moderator that the same had passed in 
the affirmative this Vote being doubted a division of the house 
was called for on one part and warmly opposed on the other 
part the Moderator then put the question called for whether it 
was [the] sense of the Town that the house should be divided 
which was declared by the Moderator to be in the negative As 
it now appeared to be impossible under the present agitation of 
the meeting to proceed in the consideration of the paragraphs 
Mr. Otis propos'd that the terms and conditions of the pro- 
posed Bridge from South Street shall be referred to the Legislat- 
ure the Applicants holding themselves pledged to the Town to 
pay them twenty five thousand dollars or give one half of the 
bridge and the streets and lots for public accommodations as 
proposed. 

This motion led to some general conversation and the motion 
was objected to as out of order, the debates and altercations 
having continued until two o, clock there was then a general call 
for an adjournment and the meeting was accordingly adjourned 
to Tuesday 10 oclock AM 

Tuesday January 31, 10 oclock AM. The town met according 
to adjournment 

It was then moved & seconded, that the Votes taken yesterday 
upon the report of the Committee be reconsidered, and that the' 
place from which and the terms on which the proposed Bridge 
should be built, shall be left entirely to the Legislature. The 
Question being put it passed almost unanimously in the 
affirmative 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



[25O.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in 
public Town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday 
the twenty ninth day of February Anno Domini 1804 at 10 
oclock AM 

Warrant for calling the meeting Read 
Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq. chosen Moderator by a hand vote. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1804. 159 

The Article relative to filling up the Mill pond read whereupon 
moved & carried, that this article with the petition be referr'd to 
a Committee who are requested to take up this matter at 
large and report at March meeting, but previous thereto to the 
Selectmen in order to its being printed for the inspection of the 
Inhabitants before said meeting Also 

Voted that Hen* 16 . Thomas Dawes, Moderator 
Samuel Brown Esq. 
Joseph Russell Esq. 
James Prince 
Judge Dawes 
be a Committee for this purpose. 

The article in the Warrant viz to consider the application of 
William Phillips Esq. that his own and the towns right may be 
ascertained respecting a ten feet water way leading from Water 
Street to Kilby street " was read and referred to said Committee 
for consideration (excepting Judge Dawes who was excused) to 
report at March meeting. 

Voted that the Thanks of the town be given to the Moderator 
for his good services 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



[251.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned in pub- 
lic Town meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall March 12 th 1804. 
10 OClock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting Read 

Hon bl James Sullivan Esq chosen Moderator by a hand Vote 

The Report of the Committee chosen by the Wards of the 
Town to consider what alterations in the County and Town 
Govnerment may be necessary and to devise a plan therefor" 
was read ; and after some debate 

It was moved and carried, that this Meeting be adjourned to 
the 2 d Monday in April next. 10. oClock A.M. and the Meeting 
was accordingly Adjourned. 

The second Monday of April, being the 9 th Day of April 1804 
10 OClock in Forenoon Town met according to Adjournment 

The Report of the Town Committee relative to a Plan for an 
alteration in the County and Town Government was again read 
by the Moderator and after considerable debate thereon, it was 



160 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

moved and the Question accordingly put viz Whether this 
Meeting shall be dissolved and passed in the affirmative the 
decision of the Moderator being disputed, and a call that the 
Meeting may be divided the House was divided which very 
fully manifested, that the Moderator was right in his declaration, 
that the majority of the Town were for a dissolution of the 
Meeting. 

And the Meeting was accordingly dissolved. 



[252.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders, and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned, 
in public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 
the 19th Day of March Anno Domini 1804 9 OClock A.M. 

Prayer was made by Rev d . Dr. Eliot 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws to be read at this Meeting were accordingly 
read 

Joseph Russell Esq. was chosen moderator by a hand vote 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Town Clerk, and the same having been brought in 
and counted, it appeared that 

William Cooper 

was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensuing, and the Oath of 
Office was administered to him by Mr. Justice Bulfinch. 

The Inhabitants were directed to bring in their Votes for 9 
Selectmen, and the same having been brought in counted and 
sorted, it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen 
Viz 

Charles Bulfinch Esq Eben r . Oliver Esq 

David Tilden Esq Jon a . Hunnewell Esq 

William Porter Esq. John May Esq 

Mr. John Tileston Francis Wright Esq 

Jon a . Chapman Esq 

The Votes being brought in for 12 Overseers of the Poor, it 
appeared, that 

Edward Proctor Esq Mr. Samuel Snelling 

Henry Hill Esq Mr. Benjamin Goddard 
William Smith Esq Samuel Clap Esq 

William Phillips Esq Mr. Ozias Goodwin 

[253.] Dr. Redford Webster Mr. William Mackey i 

Thomas Perkins Esq Joseph Coolidge Jui\Esq 

were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1804. 161 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to Stephen Gor- 
ham Esq Mr. Oliver Brewster & Stephen Codman Esq who have 
resigned as Overseers of the Poor, for their good services during 
their continuance in that Office 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for 24 Fire Wards, 

when it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen 
Viz 

Thomas Melvill Esq John Winslow Esq 

Amasa Davis Esq Capt Joseph Howard 

Samuel Parkman Esq Mr. Benjamin Joy 

Henry Jackson Esq Stephen Codman Esq 

William Scolley Esq William Cunningham Esq 

Joseph May Esq Mr John Bray 

Capt Robert Gardner Mr. Thomas Dennie 

John May Esq General Eliot 

William Brown Esq Rufus G Amory Esq 

Samuel Bradford Esq Jon a . Hunnewell Esq 

Mr Joseph Head Capt Daniel Messenger 

Thomas H. Perkins Esq Mr Ozias Goodwin 

[254.] Voted, that in addition to the Selectmen 12 persons 
shall now be chosen a School Committee and the Votes being 
brought in it appeared that the following Gentlemen, were chosen 
Viz 

Hon bl Thomas Dawes Esq Arnold Wells Esq 

Dr Thomas Welch Edward Gray Esq 

Rev d . Joseph Eckley DD David Green Esq 

Rev d . J. T. Kirkland DD Josiah Quincy Esq 

Dr Aaron Dexter Rev d . William Emmerson 

William Smith Esq. John Phillips Esq. 

Voted, that the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are termed the School Committee be and hereby 
are directed to carry the new System of Education which has 
been adopted by the Town into operation and said Committee are 
also authorized and empowered conjunctly to manage and regu- 
late the Affairs, and the government of the Schools and in future 
to execute all the power relative to the Schools & School Masters, 
which the Selectmen or such Committees were authorized by the 
Laws of this Commonwealth or the Votes of the Town to exercise, 
any former Vote of the Town notwithstanding 

The Votes for a Town Treasurer and Collector of Taxes being 
brought in it appeared, that 

Mr Benjamin Sumner was chosen 

Votes, for a Treasurer of the County of Suffolk brought in and 
counted by the Moderator & Town Clerk when it appeared that 
the whole number was 1 70, all of which were for Ebenezer Sever 



162 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Esq a discreet suitable person & a Freeholder and Resident in 
said County. 

[255.] The Votes, being brought in for a Town Advocate for 
the Municipal Court, it appeared that 

John Phillips Esq 
was chosen. 

Messrs. Joshua Bently Messrs. John Butterfield 

Benjamin White Samuel Treat 

John Cogswell Nath 1 Bradlee Ju r 

Daniel Ingersol jur Noah Doggett Jun r 

William Clouston Caleb Coolidge 

William Darricott Brodick Loring 

William Ellison Edward Allen 
were chosen Surveyors of Boards & Shingles for y e year ensuing 

Messrs. Benjamin White Messrs. Daniel Ingersol Ju r 

Moses Thayer William Darricott 

were chosen Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 

Messrs. Barney Connor 
Joseph Cabbit 
were chosen Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

Messrs. Barney Connor 
Joseph Cabbit 
were chosen Haywards for the Year ensuing 

Messrs. Samuel Emmons 

James Phillips 
were chosen Surveyors of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 

[256.] Edward Tuckerman Esq 

Mr Josiah Snelling 
were chosen Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing 

Messrs. John Wells 

William Cooper Hunneman 
were chosen Assay Masters for the Year ensuing 

Messrs. Roger Bartlet 

Jonathan Gushing 
were chosen Cullers of Dry Fish for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. Henry Purkett 
Lemuel Gardner 
Thomas Barbour 
James Eunson 
were chosen Surveyors of Hoops & Staves for the Year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1804. 163 

The Selectmen 
were chosen Surveyors of High Ways for the Year ensuing. 

Mr. Edward Rumney 
was chosen Inspector of Stone Lime for the Year ensuing. 

Judge Sullivan 

was added to the Committee relative to a piece of Land in Water 
Street 

Voted, that Honb 1 Thomas Dawes Esq 
Joseph Russell Esq 
Samuel Brown Esq 

be, and hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Accompts 
of the Town Treasurer, and also the Accounts of the Selectmen, 
Overseers of the Poor, and Board of Health ; and said Committee 
are also directed to report the Sums necessary to be raised, for 
the services of the present Year. 

The Article in the Warrant viz " to take measures respecting 
the bequest of the late Honb 1 William Phillips Esq of Five thou- 
sand Dollars to the Town towards building an Hospital" was 
read, whereupon 

Voted that the Selectmen be a [257] Committee to wait upon 
the Executor to the late Honb 1 William Phillips Esq to express 
the thanks of the Town for the generous bequest. 

The Article in the Warrant relative to the Claim of a piece of 
Land in Water Street by William Phillips Esq was read, and 
referred to the Committee to which Judge Sullivan is added ; said 
Committee not having been able to make Report 

Adjourned to Wednesday the 28 th March 10 OClock A.M. 

Town met according to Adjournment March 28 th 10 OClock 
A.M. 

The Committee relative to the Claim of William Phillips Esq 
to a piece of Land near Water Street and considered thereupon 
the Question was put viz Whether said Report be accepted 
passed in the affirmative. 

The Committee appointed to Consider the Petition of William 
Phillips Esq relating to a slip of Land on Kilby Street have 
attended that service and beg leave to Report That it is in 
their opinion best that the Town Release to said Phillips and his 
Heirs all right to the said Slip of Land, provided he pay therefor 
so much money as three disinterested Arbitrators, mutually to be 
chosen by the Selectmen and said Phillips shall determine to 
be the value therefor, and provided he agree that he and his 



164 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Heirs and Assignes shall keep in good repair so much of the 
Drain as passes under said Strip of Land in the place it now 
occupies ; and of its present dimensions. All which is sub- 
mitted by 

Thomas Dawes 

Samuel Brown 

Joseph Russell 

J Prince 
Boston March 27. 1804. 

[258.] The Article relative to Mill Pond and the Report 
of Town's Committee thereon, was read, and on motion referred 
for further consideration, to the next May Meeting 

Voted, that all matters, which shall remain unfinished at this 
Meeting, be referred over to May Meeting. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to Joseph Rus- 
sell Esq. for his good services as Moderator of this Meeting 

Then the Meeting: was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
of 21 Years of age and upwards, qualified as the Constitution 
prescribes, and legally warned in public Town Meeting Assem- 
bled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 2 d of April Anno Domini 
1804, 11 OClock A,M, 

Prayer by the Rev d . Joseph Eckley DD 
Warrant for calling the Meeting Read 

Paragraph of the Constitution or frame of Government relative 
to the choice of Governor, Lieu* Governor & Senators. 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Vote will be 
received but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll 
shall be closed at past 2 OClock P.M. the Votes to be received 
at the Table and the Bells to begin ringing at 2 OClock and to 
continue half an hour 

Persons Voted for as Governor with the number of Votes for 
each Person Viz 

Votes 

His Excellency Caleb Strong Esq 1980 

Honbl James Sullivan Esq ------- 650 

Persons Voted, for as Lieu* Governor, with the number of 
Votes for each Person Viz 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1804. 165 

Votes 

Honb 1 Edward H Robbins Esq 1909 

Honb 1 William Heath Esq 730 

[259.] Persons Voted, for as Senators for the County of 
Suffolk with the number of Votes for each Person Viz 

Votes 

Honbl Oliver Wendell Esq 2647 

Honbl Benjamin Austin Jur Esq 847 

Honbl James Bowdoin Esq 1126 

Honbl David Tilden Esq 1136 

Abiel Smith Esq 1209 

John Phillips Esq 1544 

William Brown Esq 1802 

Joseph Russell Esq 1516 

Josiah Quincy Esq - 1452 

Attested copies of the Persons Voted for, as Governor Lieu* 
Governor and Senators for the County of Suffolk, sealed up 
in Town Meeting, (after the Votes had been declared) and 
transmitted to the Secretary of this Commonwealth. Subscribed 
as follows Viz 

For John Avery Esq. 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

The number of Votes of the Town of Boston for Governor, 
Lieu* Governor, and five Senators for the County of Suffolk, 
Certified within and sealed up in Town Meeting, after the Vote 
had been declared 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



[26O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
9 th Day of April A. D. 1804. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting Read 

Joseph Russell Esq. 
was chosen Moderator by a hand Vote 

The Request of William Tudor, Harrison G Otis and Jonathan 
Mason Esquires, " that the Town will appoint Agents to treat 
with them upon the terms, on which they may obtain the whole or 
part of the Town's Land on Orange Street now occupied by Capt 
Nath 1 Curtis for the purpose of building the proposed New Bridge 
therefrom " was read and considered, whereupon 



166 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed Agents 
on behalf of the Town, with full powers to treat with the pro- 
prietors of South Bridge for the disposal of the whole or, such 
part of the Town's Landing on Orange Street, for the purpose of 
building the proposed Bridge, and to conclude with them such a 
Contract as may under all circumstances be for the Interest of 
the Town 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



[261.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of 21 Years of Age & upwards qualified' as the Con- 
stitution prescribes, and legally warned in public Town Meeting 
Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 9th Day of May 
A. D. 1804. 11, OClock A. M. 

The Meeting was opened with Prayer, by the Rev d . Mr. Free- 
man. 

Warrant for calling Meeting Read 

That part of the Constitution or frame of Government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives, read 

The Town having determined by a Vote to choose 7 Persons 
to Represent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to be 
holden in the State House in Boston on the last Wednesday of 
May Current, agreeable to the Constitution or frame of Govern- 
ment for Massachusetts ; the Inhabitants were directed by the 
Selectmen to withdraw and bring in their Votes for 7 Representa- 
tives, and then it was declared by the Selectmen that no Votes 
would be received by the Selectmen but such as are unfolded, and 
untill the names of the Persons entering shall be marked on the 
List by the Gentlemen who assist for that purpose from the 
several Wards, and that they propose the Poll shall be closed at 
past 2 OClock, the Bells to begin tolling at 2 OClock and to 
continue untill half an hour is expired. 

The Votes being brought in for Seven Representatives, the 
whole number was found to be 1976, and upon sorting them it 
appeared, that the following seven Gentlemen were chosen, having 
obtained a majority of the Votes Viz. 

Votes 

Honb 1 H G Otis Esq. 1119 

Jonathan Hunnewell Esq. - - - 1136 

William Smith Esq 1128 

Abiel Smith Esq 1971 

Dr William Spooner 1095 

Mr. John Wells 1117 

William Sullivan Esq - - - - 1105 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1804. 167 

[262.] The Votes given in for such as did not obtain were 
for 

Votes 

Honb 1 David Tilden Esq 890 

Samuel Brown Esq 892 

Russell Sturgis Esq 892 

Samuel Clap Esq 896 

David Townsend Esq - ... 878 

Abiel Smith Esq [blank] 

Col n Gardner 844 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen 

The Meeting was dissolved 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 10 Day of 
May A.D. 1804. 10 OClock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting Read 

Joseph Russell Esq 
was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote. 

The article in the "Warrant viz. " To consider what allowance 
shall be made the Town Treasurer & Collector, and the Assessors 
for their services " was read and after some debate it was 
moved and Voted, that the 

Hon bl James Sullivan Esq 
Charles Jarvis Esq 
Hon bl Joseph Russell Esq 

Benjamin Russell Esq 
Samuel Brown Esq 

be a Committee to consider this matter and Report thereon at the 
adjournment. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and bring in their 
Votes, for 6 Agents, in addition to the Selectmen as Trustees for 
the management of the Town lands who conjunctly are to lease 
and manage said Land, in such manner as shall appear to them 
best for the interest of the Town, and upon sorting the Votes 
brought in it appeared that 

Hon bl Thomas Dawes Esq 
General John "Winslow Esq 
Hon bl William Brown Esq 
[263.] Josiah Knapp Esq 

Joshua Davis Jur Esq 
Hon bl John Phillips Esq 
were chosen 



168 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The Committee appointed to Audit the Accompts of the Town 
Treasurer &c &c and the sums necessary to be raised for the 
present Year. Report Viz. 

The Treasurer Credits the Town of Boston with sundry Sums 
of Money received by him to Amt of ----- $147511.91 

And charge the Town with the sum of - - - - 147511.91 
which includes a ballance of $937.89 Cents 
in the Treasury April 30. 1804 

The particulars of said Debt & Credit will more fully appear 
from the Accounts herewith exhibited and which are as follows N 
1. and which is more fully explained in N 2. 

The Tryal ballance Acct to the Amt of $50156.44 is also an-_ 
nexed and is as N 3 The Committee find the aforementioned 
Accounts to be well vouched and right cast (so far as they have had 
time to proceed in the business) all which will more fully appear 
from the Accounts themselves when compared with the Books. 
The Committee further Report that from an Estimate received 
from the Board of Selectmen &c there will be wanting the follow- 
ing Sums of Money for the Year 1804. 

Selectmen ------- $42,000 

Overseers of the Poor - - - 14,000 

Board of Health 4000 

County of Suffolk - - - - 12000 

State 17620 

Sundries 10380 



Amounting in the whole to - - $100,000 

The Committee are therefore of opinion that the Town Vote, a 
Tax to be raised according to Law for $100,000 for the above 
purpose 

Thomas Dawes 

Joseph Russell 

Samuel Brown 

[264.] The foregoing Report having been read and con- 
sidered the Question was put whether the same shall be accepted, 
Passed in the Affirmative 

Voted, that the sum of $70,380 be raised by a Tax to be 
Assessed on the Polls and Estates of the Inhabitants of this 
Town, to defray the Expences of the Current Year 

Voted, that the sum of $666 be allowed and paid unto William 
Cooper for his services as Town Clerk the ensuing Year 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1804. 169 

Voted, that the Sum of three hundred Dollars be allowed to 
John Phillips Esq. for his services as Town Advocate the Year 
ensuing 

The Report of the Committee, relative to Mill Pond, again 
read and after long debate the Question as called for was put 
that the Meeting be now Adjourned passed in the Negative 
It was then moved that the sense of the Town be taken with 
respect to the expediency of filling up the Mill Pond and the 
Question being accordingly put it was declared by the Modera- 
tor that the Vote was in the negative there being a call that 
the House might be divided it was accordingly divided twice, 
when the Moderator declared that he remained of the same 
opinion a Poll was then demanded by seven Citizens, and on 
the division, the Moderator declared it was now his opinion the 
Vote was in favour of filling up the Pond there was then a 
motion for an Adjournment, when the business might be again 
taken up and more fully discussed when it was Voted, that the 
Meeting be Adjourned to Monday the 14 th of May Ins 1 9 
OClock A.M. for the consideration of this matter and other 
still unfinished. 

Monday the 14 th May 9 OClock Forenoon Town met accord- 
ing to Adjournment. 

The business of the Mill Pond was taken up, and it appeared 
to be the sense of the Town that this matter, should be consid- 
ered anew, the Vote for filling up the Pond at the last Meeting 
notwithstanding A long debate then ensued, on the subject at 
large when, it was moved, that the Question be put viz 
Whether it be the [265] sense of this Meeting, that it is expe- 
dient that the Mill Pond should be filled up and the Question 
being accordingly put Passed in the Affirmative, by a consid- 
erable majority 

It was then moved and Voted, that a Committee be appointed 
to treat with the supposed Proprietors of the Mill Pond relative 
to filling up the same and to make such Agreement with them 
for that purpose, as in the opinion of said Committee, shall be 
most for the advantage of the Town. 

Voted, that Honb 1 William Eustis 

Honb 1 Thomas Dawes Sen r 

Charles Jarvis Esq 
Honbl Joseph Russell 
Honbl James Sullivan 
Honbl William Brown 

be added to the Gentlemen Selectmen as a Committee for the 
purpose aforesaid 

The Committee to consider suitable Allowances to the Treas- 



170 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

urer & Collector and to the Assessors Reported, and said 
Report as amended in Town Meeting, and accepted by the Town 
is as follows Viz 

The Treasurer to be allowed and paid Seven hundred Dollars, 
in addition to five hundred Dollars allowed him for a Clerk in his 
last Accounts for 1803 and that he be allowed 1200 Dollars for 
the Year 1804 and to pay his own Clerk 

The Assessors, to be allowed each for their services for the 
Year 1802. they having received 650 Dollars each for that Year 
and that they be paid 650 Dollars each for the Years 1803 and 
1804. 

Voted, that any matters unfinished at this Meeting be referred 
for consideration to the next General Meeting that shall be 
called. 

[266.] Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given the 
Honbl Joseph Russell, for his good services as Moderator. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 4 th Day of 
July A.D. 1804 9 OClock A.M. 

Warrant for calling Meeting Read. 

William Cooper 
chosen Moderator 

The Committee appointed the last Year, to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Indepen- 
dence 

Reported that they had made choice of Dr. Thomas Danforth, 
who has accepted of the appointment. 

On Motion, Adjourned to Old South Church when 

AN ORATION 

to commemorate the Independence of the United States was deliv- 
ered by Dr Thomas Danforth at the Old South. 

On Motion Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to wait 
on Dr Thomas Danforth and in the Name of the Town to thank 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1804. 171 

him for the elegant and spirited Oration this Day delivered by 
him at the request of the Town, upon the Anniversary of the 
Independence of the United States of America ; in which accord- 
ing to the Institution of the Town, ho considered the manners, 
feelings and principles which led to that Great National Event 
and to request of him a Copy thereof for the Press 

On Motion Voted, that the G-entlemen Selectmen be and hereby 
are appointed a Committee to apply to some able & learned Gen- 
tlemen to deliver an Oration on the 4th of July A.D. 1805, that 
Day being the Anniversary of the Independence [367] of the 
United States of America, wherein the Orator is to consider the 
feelings, manners, and principles which led to this great National 
event ; as well as the important and happy effects whether general 
or domestic which have already or will forever flow from that 
auspicious epoch. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston qualified to vote for Representatives to the Gen- 
eral Court of this Commonwealth and legally warned, in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall the 5th Day of Novem- 
ber A.D. 1804 being the 1st Monday of the same Month 11 
O Clock A.M. 

Prayer made by Rev d Mr Channing. 
"Warrant for calling the Meeting Read 

Paragraph of a Resolve of the General Court for the choice of 
Nineteen Electors of President and Vice President of the United 
States and also for one Representative Read. 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that they proposed to 
have the Poll closed at j4 past 2 O Clock the Bells to begin 
tolling at 2 O Clock. 

Persons Voted for as Electors of the President & Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States. Viz 

At Large 
Honbl David Cobb Esq of Goolsburough District of 

Maine 2277 

Honbl Oliver Wendell Esq of Boston, Dis't of Massa- 
chusetts ---- - 2277 

Honbl John Coffin Jones Esq of Boston Suffolk Dist - 2277 

Essex S District 
Honbl Benjamin Goodhue of Salem 2277 



172 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Essex N District 

Honbl Bailey Bartlet Esq of Haverhill 2277 

Middlesex District 

Honbl Eleazer Brooks Esq of Lincoln 2277 

[268.] Hampshire N. District 

Honbl Eben Mattoon Jun r Esq of Amherst - - - 2277 
Hampshire S District 

Honbl William Shephard Esq - - - 2277 

Plymouth District 
Honbl William Sever Esq of Kingston ----- 2277 

Barnstable District 

Honbl Ebenezer Bacon Esq of Barnstable - - - - 2277 
Bristol District 

Honbl George Leonard Esq of Norton 2277 

Worcester S District 

Joseph Allen Esq of Worcester 2277 

Worcester N District 
Honbl Josiah Stearns Esq --------- 2277 

Berkshire District 
Honbl David Rosseter Esq of Richmond - - - - 2277 

Norfolk District 

Honbl Cotton Tufts Esq 2277 

York District 

Honbl John Lord Esq of Berwick 2277 

Cumberland District 

Honbl Isaac Parker Esq of Portland 2277 

Lincoln District 

Honbl Thomas Rice of Wise asset 2277 

Kennebeck District 

Samuel S Wilde Esq of Hallowell - - - - 2277 
At Large 

Honbl James Sullivan Esq of Boston 1568 

Honbl Elbridge Gerry of Cambridge 1568 

Suffolk District 

Honbl James Bowdoin of Boston 1568 

8 Essex 

Col n John Hathorn of Salem - - 1568 

N Essex 

Dr Thomas Kitteredge of Andover 1568 

Middlesex 

Honbl James Winthrop of Cambridge 1568 

S Hampshire 
Jonathan Smith Jur of West Springfield - - 1568 

N Hampshire 
Edward Upham Esq of New Salem . - - - 1568 

Plymouth 

Honbl James Warren of Plymouth - - - - - 1568 

[269.] Bristol District 

Honbl Josiah Deane of Raynham - - ... 1568 

Barnstable 
Honbl John Davis of Barnstable ----- - 1568 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1805. 173 

go "Worcester 

General Timothy Newell of Sturbridge 1568 

N Worcester 

General John Whiting of Lancaster 1568 

Berkshire 

Honbl John Bacon of Stockbridge 1568 

Norfolk 

Honbl William Heath of Roxbury 1568 

York 

. Honbl John Woodman of Buxton 1568 

Cumberland 
Honbl Charles Turner of Turner - - - - - - - 1568 

Kennebeck 

Col n Thomas Fillebrown of Hallowell 1568 

Lincoln 
John Farley Esq of New Castle 1568 

Persons Voted, for as a Representative for the first Middle 
District of this Commonwealth in the next Congress of the 
United States Viz. - 

Votes 

Honbl William Eustis Esq Fifteen hundred sixty seven 
Honbl Josiah Quincy Esq Nineteen hundred & twenty 
Honbl John Phillips Esq Three 

Two attested copies of the Persons Voted for as above were 
sealed up, and sent to the Secretary of this Commonwealth by 
the Town Clerk superscribed as follows Viz 

For John Avery Esq 
Secretary of the Commonwealth 

List of Votes, for a Representative for the first middle District 
of this Commonwealth in the next Congress of the United States, 
from the Town of Boston (the other for Electors &c. of the 
same tenor) 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



1805. 

* [27O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned, 
in public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 
the 4 th Day of February A.D. 1805. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - Read. 

Thomas Edwards Esq 
chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 



174 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

A Communication from the Mill Proprietors as also the Act 
incorporating said Proprietors were read 

It appearing to the Town, that the Hall was not sufficient to 
receive all the Inhabitants, that would attend the Meeting the 
Selectmen were desired to prepare a suitable place for the Meet- 
ing of the Inhabitants at the proposed Adjournment. 

The Meeting was then Adjourned to Thursday next 10 OClock. 
A.M : to meet at this place or such other as may be designated 
by the Selectmen. 

Thursday the 7 th of February 10 OClock AM: met according 
to adjournment. 

The Selectmen Reported, several places where the Inhabitants 
might be accommodated, leaving it with the Town to determine 
which was the most convenient when the Town on Motion Ad- 
journed to Mr. Murray's Meeting House. 

The Town as adjourned, met at Rev d . Mr Murray's Church.* 

The Report of the Committee on Mill Pond was again read, 
and after long debate thereon, the Question was put, Whether 
the same shall be accepted Passed in the Affirmative by a great 
Majority (Mem the Report was printed and distributed, 
previous to this Meeting, which together with other Papers rela- 
tive to Mill Pond, are placed upon the Files Feb y 4. 1805) 

On motion This Meeting stands Adjourned to February 8 then 
to meet at this place 10 OClock A.M. 

[271.] Town Met according to Adjournment Thursday the 
8 th of February 10 O Clock. A. M. 

f 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz " To Act upon the Petition 
of the Inhabitants of South Boston and others to take the sense 
of the Town, whether they will direct their Representatives, to 
use their endeavours to obtain a Bridge to South Boston, from 
South Street or the parts Adjacent" was read, as also the 
petition and other papers relative thereto And after full debate 
had thereon, it was moved and carried 

That it will be a great advantage to the Town to have a Bridge 
from South Street or some place near it to South Boston, as soon 
as the same can be conveniently erected ; And that the Repre- 
sentatives of the Town and the Senators for the County of Suffolk 
be requested to solicit the Legislature from time to time, and 
procure an Act to be passed for that purpose, without delay 

* First Unlversalist, Hanover street. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1805. 175 

On Motion Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to Thomas Edwards Esq for his good services, as 
Moderator of this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned 
in public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 
the 11 th Day of March. A. D. 1805 9 OClock A. M. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . Dr Lathrop 

Warrant for calling the Meeting Read 
Sundry Laws to be read at this Meeting were accordingly read 

Thomas Edwards Esq 
was chosen Moderator by a hand Vote 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Town Clerk, and the Votes having been brought in 
and counted, it appeared, that 

William Cooper 

was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing and the Oath of 
Office was administered to him by Thomas Edwards Esq 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for 9 Selectmen and the same having been brought in and 
counted it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen 

Charles Bulfinch Esq Mr. Ebenezer Oliver 

David Tilden Esq Jonathan Hunnewell Esq 

William Porter Esq John May Esq 

Mr. John Tileston Francis Wright Esq 

Jonathan Chapman Esq 

Adjourned to 3 OClock. P.M. 

[273.] Met according to Adjournment. 

Edward Proctor Esq Mr Samuel Snelling 

Henry Hill Esq Mr Benjamin Goddard 

William Smith Esq Samuel Clap Esq 

William Phillips Esq Mr. Ozias Goodwin 

Dr. Redford Webster Mr. William Mackey 

Thomas Perkins Esq Joseph Coolidge Jur Esq 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 



176 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for 24 Fire-wards, when 
it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen Viz 
Thomas Melvill Esq Mr Thomas Dennie 

Mr. Amasa Davis General Elliot 

Samuel Parkman Esq Rufus G Amory Esq 

Henry Jacksou Esq Jonathan Hunnewell Esq 

William Scollay Esq [274.] Cap 1 Daniel Messenger 
Joseph May Esq Mr Ozias Goodwin 

Capt Robert Gardner Mr. Thomas Curtis 

Samuel Bradford Esq Joshua Davis Jur Esq 

John Winslow Esq Mr John D Howard 

Stephen Codman Esq Mr Benjamin Coates 

Andrew Cunningham Esq Mr Joseph Head 

Mr John Bray Thomas H Perkins Esq 

Voted, that in addition to the Selectmen 12 Persons shall now 
be chosen a School Committee, and the Votes being brought in 
and sorted, it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen 
Viz. 

Hon w Thomas Dawes Esq Arnold "Wells Esq 

Dr Thomas Welch Edward Gray Esq 

Rev d Joseph Eckley DD David Green Esq 

Rev d J T Kirkland DD Josiah Quincy Esq 

Dr Aaron Dexter Rev d William Emmerson 

William Smith Esq John Phillips Esq 

Voted, that the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are termed the School Committee be and hereby 
are directed to carry the new System of Education which has 
been adopted by the Town into operation, and said Committee 
are also authorised and empowered conjunctly, to manage and 
regulate the Officers, and the Government of the Schools, and in 
future to execute all the power relative to the Schools & School- 
masters, which the Selectmen or such Committee were authorised 
by the Laws of the Commonwealth or the Votes of the Town to 
exercise, any former Votes of the Town notwithstanding. 

[275.] The Votes for a Town Treasurer & Collector of 
Taxes being brought in it appeared that 

Mr Benjamin Sumner 
was chosen. 

Votes, for a Treasurer of the County of Suffolk brought in & 
counted by the Moderator & Town Clerk, when it appeared that 
the whole number was 383 of which 231 were for Ebenezer 
Seaver Esq & 152 for Mr Benjamin Sumner both discreet suita- 
ble Persons & Freeholders and Residents in said County. 

The Votes being brought in for a Town Advocate for the 
Municipal Court it appeared that 

John Phillips Esq was chosen. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1805. 177 

Messrs. Jonathan Bentley Messrs. John Butterfield 
Benjamin White Samuel Treat 

John Cogswell Nathaniel Bradlee Jur 

Daniel Ingersol Noah Dogget Jur 

William Clouston Caleb Coolidge 

William Darracott Braddock Loring 

William Ellison Edward Allen 

were chosen Surveyors of Boards & Shingles, for the Year 
ensuing 

[276.] Messrs. Benjamin White 
Moses Ayers 
Daniel Ingersol Jur 
William Darracot 
were chosen Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. Barney Connor 

James Cobbit 
were chosen Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. Barney Connor 

James Cobbit 
were chosen Haywards for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. Samuel Emmons 

James Phillips 
were chosen Surveyors of Hemp for the Year ensuing* 

Edward Tuckerman Esq > 
Mr Josiah Snelling 
were chosen Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. John Wells 
William Cooper Hunneman 
were chosen Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. Jonathan Gushing 
Joseph Doble 
Elisha Turner 
were chosen Cullers of Dry Fish for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. Henry Purkitt 
Lemuel Gardner 
Thomas Barbour 
James Eunson 
were chosen Cullers of Hoops & Staves for the Year ensuing. 

[277.] The Selectmen 

were chosen Surveyors of Highways for the Year ensuing 

Mr Edward Rumney 
was chosen Inspector of Stone Lime for the Year ensuing. 



178 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The Article in the Warrant, viz " to consider the application 
of Mr Josiah Knapp, that the Town would relinquish to him part 
of their Flatts bounding on a passage way leading south of his 
dwelling House from Orange Street to Front Street, upon terms 
to be agreed upon" was read Whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be authorized to make such con- 
tracts with Mr Josiah Knapp relative to the filling up and mak- 
ing the Street leading through his Estate to Front Street, as they 
may Judge for the interest of the Town and to convey to him by 
Quit Claim Deed, such part of the Flatts adjoining the same as 
they may Judge proper reserving thirty feet in width for said 
Street. 

Voted, that the Honb 1 Thomas Dawes Esq 
Joseph Russell Esq 
Samuel Brown Esq 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Accompts 
of the Town Treasurer, and also the Accompts of the Selectmen, 
Overseers of the Poor, & Board of Health and said Committee 
are also directed to Report the sums necessary to be raised for 
their services for the present Year. 

The Article in the Warrant viz "To act upon the Petition of 
Samuel Hunt, that the Rent of the House might be allowed him, 
as the House of the Latin Grammar Master was taken down to 
accommodate the Town with a place for a School house ; and that 
he might receive the advantage of a Vote of the Town, passed 
[278] in his favour in the Year 1782 was read whereupon 

Voted, that Honb 1 Judge Dawes Dr. Warren 

Mr. William Dall Caleb Biugham 

Mr. Ticknor Stephen Codman Esq 

Capt Barnard 

be a Committee to take up this matter & Report at the 

Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant viz ' To hear and determine on 
the request of the Fire Wards, for a Grant of a reasonable com- 
pensation to their Secretary read, and 

Voted, that Benjamin Austin Jur Esq Col n Proctor 
Thomas Edwards Esq Deacon Brown 

Col n May 

be a Committee to consider this application and to Report at the 
Adjournment 

On the request of the Assessors, "that, a further allowance 
may be made them for their services," 



BOSTOX TOWN RECORDS, 1805. 179 

Voted, that General Winslow Major Stutson 

Joseph Cooledge Jur Esq Stephen Codman Esq 

Capt Brazier 

be a Committee to consider this request and Report thereon at 
the Adjournment 

The Clause in the "Warrant, viz. u To consider the expediency 
of providing a more convenient place for Assembling the Inhabi- 
tants " read and on Motion 

Voted, that the Selectmen consider this matter and report 
thereon when they shall judge proper 

Adjourned to Wednesday the 27 th March Ins* 10 O Clock 
A.M. 

[379.] Wednesday the 27 th of March 1805 10 O Clock 
A.M. Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee on the Petition of the Assessors for a further 
allowance for their services, Reported, That having heard the 
Assessors, and examined the business & the time they are obliged 
to spend therein, are of opinion in consideration of the increase 
of duty & high price of living, that there be granted the Sum of 
five hundred Dollars to each which is at the rate of 166 Dollars 
66 Cents P r Year in addition to their Salaries, as a full considera- 
tion for past services. 

John Winslow, Chairman per Order 

The Committee on the Petition of Mr. Samuel Hunt Reports 
That upon conferring with him found that by some mistake in 
that petition, it does not comprehend the object which he in- 
tended they therefore advised him to withdraw it, and prefer a 
new one should he think proper to a future Meeting, to which he 
has consented ; and the Committee Report accordingly. 

Thomas Dawes Ju r per order 

This Report having been read, was accepted by the Town. 

Col Gardner, having sent in his resignation as a Fire Ward, 
It was moved & Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to 
Col Robert Gardner for his good and faithfull services as a Fire 
Ward a number of Years past. 

The Committee on the request of the Fire Wards for the grant 
of a reasonable compensation to their Secretary Report, That two 
hundred Dollars be allowed as a full compensation for his ser- 
vices the Year ensuing to be paid by the Selectmen in Quarterly 
draughts on the Town Treasurer 

Benjamin Austin Ju r per Order 



180 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

[28O.] Moved & Voted, almost unanimously, that the said 
Report be accepted. 

Voted, that all matters which shall remain unfinished at this 
Meeting, be referred for consideration to May Meeting 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to Thomas 
Edwards Esq, for his good services as Moderator of this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
of 21 Years of Age and upwards qualified as the Constitution 
prescribes and legally warned in public Town Meeting Assembled 
at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 1 st Day of April Anno Domini 
1805 9 OClock. A. M. 

Prayer by the Rev d Dr. Eliot 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Paragraph of the Constitution or Frame of Government relative 
to the choice of Governor, Lieut Governor & Senators read 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Vote would be 
received but such as are unfolded and that they propose the Poll 
shall be closed at past 1 oClock P. M. The Votes to be received 
at the Table and the Bells to begin ringing at 1 oclock and to 
continue for half an hour. 

Persons Voted for as Governor with the number of Votes for 
each person 

Votes 

His Excellency Caleb Strong Esq 2587 

Honbl James Sullivan Esq 1253 

Honbl Elbridge Gerry Esq 5 

[281.] persons Voted, for as Lu l . Governor with the num- 
ber of Votes for each Person 

Votea 

Honbl Edward H Robbins Esqr - - - - 2520 

Honbl William Heath Esqr 1312 

Honbl Henry Knox 10 

Christopher Gore Esqr 7 

Persons Voted, for as Senators for the County of Suffolk with 

the number of Votes for each Person 

Votes 

Honbl Oliver Wendell Esq 2556 

Honbl Harrison G Otis Esq 2407 

Honbl William Brown Esq 2300 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1805. 181 

Honbl John Phillips Esq 2543 

Thomas H Perkins Esq - - - - 2534 

Honbl David Tilden Esq 1315 

Samuel Brown Esq 1310 

Russell Sturgis Esq 1522 

Samuel Clap Esq 1209 

Dr David Townsend --- 1270 

Jonathan Hunnewell Esq - - - - . 68 

Stephen Codman Esq 38 

Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as Governor, Lieut 
Governor, and Senators for the County of Suffolk sealed up in 
Town Meeting after the Votes had been declared and transmitted 
to the Secretary of the Commonwealth Subscribed as follows 
Viz. 

For John Avery Esq 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

The number of Votes of the Town of Boston for Governor 
Lieu* Governor and five Senators for the County of Suffolk Certi- 
fied within & sealed up in Town Meeting after the Vote had been 
declared. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[282.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of 21 Years of Age and upwards qualified as the 
Constitution requires, and legally warned in public Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the 3 d Day of May A.D. 
1805, 10 OClock A.M. 

Warrant for calling Meeting read also the Section of the 
Law relative to choice of Representatives. 

Honbl Thomas Dawes Esq 
chosen Moderator of the Meeting by a hand Vote 

The Petition for a Town Meeting, signed by Stephen Higgin- 
son Jur Esq and others read 

The Article in the warrant viz ' ' To take into consideration 
the propriety of increasing the customary number of Representa- 
tives, and of ascertaining & determining upon the number to 
represent the Town in the next General Court" was read 
and after some debate it was Voted, That the Town will exer- 
cise its Constitutional privilege, in the choice of Representatives 
It was therefore Voted and by a handsome majority, that at 
the ensuing Town Meeting the Citizens shall bring in their Votes 
for Twenty six Representatives. 



182 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The Moderator, had a Vote of Thanks for his good services 
Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[283.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of 21 Years of Age, and upwards qualified as the Con- 
stitution prescribes, and legally warned in public Town Meeting 
Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 8 th Day of May 
A. D. 1805 9 Clock. A. M. 

The Meeting opened with Prayer by Rev d . Dr. Baldwin 
Warrant for calling Meeting read 

That part of the Constitution or Frame of Government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives read 

The Town having determined by a Vote to choose Persons to 
Represent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to be 
holden in the State House in Boston on the last Wednesday of 
May Current agreeable to the Constitution or Frame of Govern- 
ment for Massachusetts ; the Inhabitants were" directed by the 
Selectmen to withdraw and bring in their Votes for Representa- 
tives not exceeding 26 ; then it was declared by the Selectmen 
that no Votes would be received, but such as are unfolded and 
untill the names of the Persons entering shall be marked on the 
List by the Gentlemen who assist for that purpose from the 
several Wards, and that they propose the Poll shall be closed at 
2 O Clock the Bells to begin ringing at J^ past 1 O Clock and to 
continue until half an hour is expired. 

The Votes, being brought in for 26 Representatives the whole 
number was found to be 1051 and upon sorting them it appeared 
that the following Gentlemen were chosen, having obtained a 
majority of the Votes. Viz 

Votes 

William Smith Esq 1043 

Jonathan Hunnewell Esq 1042 

Dr William Spooner 1043 

Mr John Wells 1046 

William Sullivan Esq 1047 

Honb 1 George Cabot Esq 1049 

Theophilus Parsons Esq. 1037 

[284.] Honb 1 Jonathan Mason Esq 1027 

Stephen Codman Esq 1036 

John Winslow Esq - 1041 

Daniel Sargent Jur Esq 1020 

William Phillips Esq 1036 

James Lloyd Esq 1033 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1805. 183 

Thomas Perkins Esq 1040 

Simon Elliot Esq 1040 

Samuel Parkman Esq - - 1028 

Joseph Hall Esq 1046 

Edward Tuckerman Esq ...-._ 1046 

Mr Francis Wright 1041 

Dr Redford Webster 1041 

Mr Thomas C Amory 1026 

Edward Gray Esq 1048 

William Parsons Esq 1049 

John Callender Esq - - - - - - - 1021 

Benjamin Russell Esq 1001 

Mr Thomas W Sumner 1002 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen 

The Meeting was dissolved. 



[285.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi* 
tants of the Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned, 
in public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday 
the 9 th Day of May, Anno Domini 1805 10 OClock A.M. 

Warrant for calling Meeting Read 

Honb 1 Thomas Dawes Esq 
was chosen Moderator by a hand Vote 

Votes for one Fire ward in the room of one who had* declined 
serving being brought in and counted, it appeared that 

Mr Judah Hays was chosen a Fireward 
for the Year ensuing. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for six Trustees for Town Land on the Neck in addition to 
the Selectmen, who conjunctly are to Lease and manage said 
Land in such manner as shall appear to them best for the Interest 
of the Town, the same being brought in and sorted it appeared 
that 

Honb 1 Thomas Dawes Esq 
General John Wins low Esq 
Honb 1 William Brown Esq 
Josiah Knapp Esq 
Joshua Davis Jur Esq 
Honb 1 John Phillips Esq 
were chosen. 

Petition of Purchasers of Land on Neck read, together with 
a Statement from the Trustees of said Land whereupon 



184 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Voted that the Statement be printed, with an abstract of the 
original conditions of Sale. 

The Selectmen having laid before the Town a proposal for, 
together with the Estimate of the charge of enlarging Faneuil 
Hall it was moved and Voted, that the [286] same be printed 
for the inspection of the Inhabitants 

The Petition of Samuel Hunt late Master of Grammar School 
for an allowance for House Rent &c was read, and committed 
to 

Stephen Codman Esq 

Joseph Russell Esq 

Mr Elisha Ticknor 
they to examine, and Report thereon to the Town 

The request of the Town Clerk " that an allowance may be 
made him on account of the rise of Rents and the high price of 
the nescessaries of life" was read whereupon Voted, unanimously 
that the Selectmen be impowered and directed, to make him such 
allowance therefor, as has been allowed and drawn for the School 
Masters and other Town Officers for a number of Years past. 

On Motion, the Meeting was adjourned to Thursday the 23 d 
of May Inst 10 OClock A.M. 

Thursday the 23 d of May 10 OClock A.M. Met according to 
Adjournment 

The petition of a number of Purchasers of the lots of Land on 
the Neck '' that the condition of their purchases may be altered" 
read as also the Communication of the Trustees, which by order 
of the Town was printed and distributed among the Inhabitants 
viz "That they have considered this subject generally, and 
upon enquiry and examination, find, ' That the mode of purchase 
by Lease is not conformable to the practice and habits of our 
Citizens 

That the conditions of payment of a perpetual ground rent 
so embarrasses and encumbers the title that the original pur- 
chasers will find it difficult to subdivide their lots and thereby 
obtain that assistance in building upon which many of them cal- 
culated That considering the quantity of Land lately added to 
the Town, it is important that the Lands of the Town for sale 
should be offered on as good terms and if possible upon more 
favourable terms, than the Lands of Individuals The Trustees 
therefore would recommend, that the Sales of Lots in future should 
be by Deed in Fee Simple That ten per cent of the purchase 
money should be advanced within Thirty days from the Sale, and 
ten pr cent be paid annually at some stated period in each Year ; 
untill the whole [287] shall be paid; and that a mortgage deed 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1805. 185 

should be taken for the regular payment of principle & Interest 
with proper obligations for the full security of the Town 

The Trustees having also considered the great importance of 
vesting the proceeds of the Towns Land in such a manner as 
shall create a fund, the interest of which may in future defray a 
large portion of the expences of the Town, would recommend 
that the Town should empower the Trustees to vest the proceeds 
of the land in Stock of the United States, of this State, or of any 
public institution, to be held in the names of the Trustees, the 
interest to be received annually by the Town Treasurer, and 
appropriated as the Town shall direct 

With respect to the present application of the Lessees the 
Trustees recommend that all those who shall comply with their 
engagements to build during the present Year shall be placed on 
the same footing as the future purchasers contemplated above ; 
that their leases be cancelled, and the Deeds be given them for 
their lots, upon their paying ten per Cent annually of the 
principal and interest due. 

As the Trustees however are sensible that this arangement 
would be greatly for the interest of the present applicants, they 
are of opinion it ought to be on condition that they fill up with 
earth or gravel, and put in good order the cross Streets to the 
extent of their lots and that they place a row of edge stones on 
the line of the foot walk of their front on Washington Street, 
and level and pave the same with Bricks, As the accommodation 
of the holders of the land will be principally promoted by these 
measures, the Trustees hope that these conditions will be readily 
agreed to " 

After due consideration, it was moved and voted, unanimously, 
that the Report be accepted 

The Selectmen having (as directed by the Town) Reported what 
measures should be taken for the better accommodation of the 
Inhabitants in their public Meetings " it was read and accepted 
and Voted, that the Selectmen be empowered and directed to 
proceed to enlarge Faneuil [288] Hall in the manner and for the 
uses pointed out in the Report. 

That the Selectmen be empowered to sell and execute Deeds 
to convey the Land of the Town on the Northly side of the Cir- 
cular Walk on Fort Hill, reserving therefrom as much as may be 
necessary for commodious Streets and Passages That untill 
the payments for the Land shall be made, the Town Treasurer be 
empowered to borrow of either of the Banks such sums of money 
for the purchase of Materials and payment of Workmen as the 
Selectmen shall find necessary ; the same to be repaid by the 
proceeds of the Land 



186 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The Committee appointed to Audit the Accompts of the Town 
Treasurer &c Report 

That the Treasurer Credits the Town of Boston with sundry 
sums of money received by him to the amount of $121,632,44 
and charges the Town with the sum of $121,632.44 including a 
ballance of $3073.67 in the Treasury April 30. 1805 which is 
represented in his account Current Paper N 1. the particulars of 
said debt and Credit will more fully appear from the statement 
herewith exhibited and annexed, which will be found in N 2 A 
Summary of the Cash paid monthly by the Town Treasurer from 
May 1. 1804 to 30 th April 1805 taken from the Account Current, 
and the amount of the different drafts drawn on the Town 
Treasurer monthly from May 1804 to April 1805 by the Select- 
men Overseers of the Poor & Board of Health, and the money 
paid them ; also the money paid the State Treasurer, County 
Treasurer, Union Bank, Interest money, and sundry Creditors, 
and the amount of the Outstanding debts are all comprehended 
in N 3.- 

The Tryal Ballance in the Town Treasurers Books of debts and 
credits stands April 30. 1805 $42146.17 in N. 4 

The Committee on the Mem of Taxes for 1802 committed 
to the several Deputy Collectors, upon the expiration of 6 M. 
find the N of Bills to be 2577 amounting to $11,873 86 the 
expence of collecting which amounted to $276, and for 1803 the 
N of Bills delivered for Collecting to be 2425 amounting to 
$27,674.12, the expence of Collecting not settled as will be seen 
in papers, N 5 & 6 

The Committee find the aforementioned Accompts to be well 
vouched and right cast (so far as they have proceeded in the 
business) All which will be more fully understood, from [289] 
the Accompts themselves when compared with the Books. 

The Committee further Report that from Estimates received 
there will be wanting for 

The Selectmen $46000 

Overseers of the Poor 15200 

Board of Health 4000 

State Tax 17718 

County Tax 14000 



$96,918 

The Committee therefore are of opinion that the Town of 
Boston Vote a Tax to be raised according to law for $100,000 for 
the above purposes which is humbly submitted 

Thomas Dawes ~) 

Samuel Brown > Committee 

Joseph Russell ) 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1805. 187 

The aforegoing Report having been read & considered the 
Question was put whether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the Affirmative 

Voted, that the sum of Sixty five thousand Dollars be raised 
by a Tax to be Assessed on the Polls & Estates of the Inhabitants 
of this Town to defray the Expences of the Current Year 

Voted, that the Sum of $300 be allowed and paid to John 
Phillips Esq for his services as Town Advocate the Year ensuing. 

Voted, that the sum of $666, be allowed and paid to William 
Cooper for his services as Town Clerk the Year ensuing. 

Voted, that the sum of $816 be allowed and paid to each of 
the three Assessors for the Year ensuing. 

On Motion Voted, that the Auditors of Town Accompts be 
requested to consider what compensation should be made to the 
Treasurer for his own services those of his Assistants, and for 
Office Rent the present Year. 

[29O.] Mr Hunts Petition and Report thereon, having been 
read and debate had thereon the same upon Motion is referred 
for further consideration to the Adjournment of this Meeting 

On Motion Adjourned to Monday next 10 oCloek A.M. 

Monday the 27 th of May 10 oCloek A.M. met according to 
Adjournment 

The Committee on the Town Treasurers Application being the 
Auditors of the Town Accompts, Reported, without mentioning a 
Sum as a compensation for the Treasurer the present Year his 
Application again taken up and after debate Voted, that the 
Treasurer be allowed and paid $1500 for the present Year, he to 
pay his Clerk Assistance, Office hire and all expences of Office. 

Moved and Voted, to reconsider the Vote of the acceptance of 
the Report of the Auditors of Town Accounts so far only as it 
respected Mr. Sumner the Town Treasurers Account. 

Moved an'd Voted, that the Report of the Committee to Audit 
Town Treasurers Accompts &c be recommitted to the Auditors, 
for the sole purpose of correcting any errors that may be found 
in the Town Treasurers Accounts 

The Committee appointed to consider the Petition of Samuel 
Hunt the late Grammer S. Master in this Town have attended 
that service and have heard him on the subject of his several 



188 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

claims for House rent, deprivation and for the loss of future em- 
ployment, and in consideration of his having spent the prime of 
his life in the service of the Town, and being now advanced in 
Years with a large Family to provide for, and the School Com- 
mittee having by a Vote declared " that in discharging Mr. Hunt 
they do not mean to charge him with the want of disposition to be 
useful as an Instructor, or to fix any imputation upon his prin- 
ciples and character, but do declare their favourable opinion of his 
morals and private virtues and their sense of his right to a good 
consideration among his Fellow Citizens," and the said School 
Committee by their letter to Mr. Hunt dated the 4 th of October 
1804. did encourage him to make application to the Town for 
an Annual stipend, and that the Committee would assist him in 
[291] such application with all their influence. 

Your Committee also being impressed with the importance of 
giving the greatest possible encouragement to all future Gram- 
mer School Masters, by evincing to them the provident care of 
the Town in providing for them in old age, if they by their ser- 
vices and merit should be entitled to it ; and also taking into con- 
sideration the peculiar circumstances of Mr. Hunts case, beg 
leave to recommend to the Town to Grant Mr. Samuel Hunt the 
late Grammar School Master in this Town the Sum of twenty five 
hundred Dollars in full of all demands against the Town, all which 
is submitted. 

Stephen Codman per Order 

The aforegoing Report as read and amended in this Meeting 
was accepted by the Town and on Motion made and seconded 

Voted that the Sum of twenty five hundred Dollars be and 
hereby is granted to Mr. Samuel Hunt late Grammar School Mas- 
ter in this Town, to be in full of all demands against said town. 

Voted, that all matters and things unfinished in this Town 
Meeting be referred for consideration to the next General Town 
Meeting. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to Honbl. Thomas 
Dawes Esq for his good services as Moderator. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[292.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
public Town Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
17 th June A. D. 1805 10 OClock A. M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1805. 189 

Honbl. Thomas Dawes Esq was chosen Moderator by a Hand 
Vote 

The Votes for a Town Treasurer & Collector of Taxes being 
brought in, counted & sorted, it appeared that the whole number 
were found to be 573, of which 

William Smith Esq had 436 

and was chosen, in the room of Mr Sumner who had resigned, 
as per resignation on file 

The Article in the Warrant viz "To consider the expediency 
of taking measures for the more equal division of the Wards of 
the Town " was read, whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor the Members 
of the Board of Health, and Brigadier General of the Legionary 
Brigade of the 1 st Division be empowered and directed to make 
such a division of the Town into Wards, as they shall judge most 
for the convenience and advantage of the Town 

That the said new division of Wards take place the 1st day of 
February next 

That the Representatives of this Town in the General Court 
be Instructed to apply to the Legislature for any confirmation or 
assent to said division that may be necessary 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given the Honbl 
Thomas Dawes Esq for his good services as Moderator 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



[293.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders, and other Inhabit- 
ants of the Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 
4th day of July A. D. 18059 O Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling Meeting Read 
William Cooper chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed the last Year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Inde- 
pendence Reported that they had made choice of Warren Dut- 
ton Esq who has accepted of the appointment 

On Motion, Adjourned to Old South Church when 



190 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



AN ORATION 

to commemorate the Independence of the United States was de- 
livered by Warren Button Esq at the Old South Church 

On Motion Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to 
wait on Warren Button Esq and in the name of the Town to 
thank him for the elegant and spirited Oration this Bay delivered 
by him at the request of the Town, upon the Anniversary of the 
Independence of the United States of America, in which accord- 
ing to the Institution of the Town, he considered the manners 
feelings and principles which led to that great National Event 
and to request of him a Copy thereof for the Press 

On Motion Voted, that the Gentlemen Selectmen be and hereby 
are appointed a Committee to apply to some one able and learned 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 4th July A. B. 1806. 
that Bay being the Anniversary of the Independence of the 
United States of America wherein the Orator is to consider the 
feelings manners and principles which led to this great National 
event as well [294] as the important and happy effects, whether 
general or domestic which have already or will forever flow from 
that auspicious Epoch. 

Then the Meeting was Bissolved 



1806. 

At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 10 th 
Bay March A :B : 1806 10 OClock A :M : 

Prayer was made by Rev d Joseph Eckley B.B. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

Sundry Laws to be read at this Meeting were accordingly read 

Stephen Codman Esq 
was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Town Clerk, and the Votes having been brought in 
and counted, it appeared that 

William Cooper 

was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing, and the Oath of 
Office administered to him by Mr. Justice Bulfinch 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1806. 191 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for 9 Selectmen, and the same having been brought in and 
counted it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen 

Charles Bulfinch Esq Mr Ebenezer Oliver 

David Tilden Esq Jonathan Hunnewell Esq 

William Porter Esq John May Esq 

Mr John Tileston Francis Wright Esq 

John Bray Esq 

Adjourned to 3 OClock Afternoon 
[295.] 3 OClock P :M : Town met 

Edward Proctor Esq Mr Samuel Snelling 

Henry Hill Esq Mr Benjamin Goddard 

William Smith Esq Samuel Clap Esq 

William Phillips Esq Mr Ozias Goodwin 

Redford Webster Esq. Joseph Coolidge Jur Esq 

Thomas Perkins Esq Mr William Mackey 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for 24 Fire Wards, 
when it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen 
Viz 

Thomas Melvill Esq John Bray Esq 

Samuel Parkman Esq Mr Thomas Dennie 

Amasa Davis Esq Gen 1 Simon Elliot Esq 

Henry Jackson Esq Jonathan Hunnewell Esq 

William Scollay Esq Daniel Messenger Esq 

Joseph May Esq Mr Ozias Goodwin 

Andrew Cunningham Esq Mr Thomas Curtis 

Samuel Bradford Esq Joshua Davis Jun r Esq 

Joseph Head Esq Mr John D Howard 

Thomas H Perkins Esq Mr Benjamin Coats 

Gen 1 John Winslow Esq William Sullivan Esq 

Stephen Codman Esq Mr Benjamin Smith 

[296.] Voted, that in addition to the Selectmen twelve 
Persons shall now be chosen a SCHOOL COMMITTEE and the Votes 
being brought in and sorted, it appeared that the following Gen- 
tlemen were chosen Viz 

Honb 1 Thomas Dawes Esq Arnold Welles Esq 

Rev d Joseph Eckley DD David Green Esq 

Dr Thomas Welch Esq Honb 1 John Phillips Esq 

Rev* J T Kirkland DD Rev d William Emmerson 
Dr Aaron Dexter Esq John Heard Esq 

William Smith Esq Charles Davis Esq 

Voted that the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are termed the /School Committee, be & hereby are 



192 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

directed to carry the new System of Education, which has been 
adopted by the Town into operation, and said Committee are also 
authorized and empowered, conjunctly to manage and regulate 
the Officers and the Government of the Schools and in future to 
execute all the power relative to the Schools & Schoolmasters, 
which the Selectmen or such Committee are authorized by the 
Laws of this Commonwealth or the Votes of the Town to exer- 
cise ; any former Vote of the Town notwithstanding. 

The Votes for a Town Treasurer & Collector of Taxes, being 
brought in it appeared that 

William Smith Esq 
was chosen. 

Votes for a Treasurer of the County of Suffolk brought in and 
counted by the Moderator & Town Clerk when it appeared that 
the whole number was 213 & that they were all for Ebenezer 
Sever Esq a discreet suitable person & a Freeholder and Resident 
in said County. 

[297.] Votes for a County Register of Deeds, for Suffolk 
brought in and counted, when it appeared that the whole number 
was 282 all for William Alline Esq a discreet suitable Person 
and a Freeholder & Resident in said County. 

The Votes being brought in for a Town Advocate for the 
Municipal Court it appeared that 

Honbl John Phillips Esq 
was chosen 

Messrs. Benjamin White 
Moses Ayers 
Daniel Ingersol Jur 
William Darracot 
were chosen Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 

Messrs. Barney Conner 

James Cabbit [Corbitt?] 
were chosen Haywards for the Year ensuing 

Messrs. Samuel Emmons 

James Phillips 
were chosen Surveyors of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 

Edward Tuckerman Esq 
Mr Josiah Snelling 
were chosen Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing 

Mess John Wells 

William Cooper Hunneman 
were chosen Assay Masters for the Year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1806. 193 

Mess Jonathan Gushing 
Joseph Doble 
Elisha Turner 
Thomas Barbour 
were chosen Cullers of Dry Fish for the ensuing Year 

Henry Purket Esq 
Cap 1 Lemuel Gardner 
Mr Thomas Barbour 
Mr James Eunson 
were chosen Cullers of Hoops & Staves for the Year ensuing 

The Selectmen 
were chosen Surveyors of High Ways for the Year ensuing 

[298.] Mr Edward Rumney 

was chosen Inspector of Stone Lime for the Year ensuing 

Messrs Benjamin White 

John Cogswell 

Daniel Ingersol Ju r 

William Clouston 

William Darracot 

William Ellison 

John Butterfield 

Nath 1 Bradlee Ju r 

Noah Dogget 

Caleb Coolidge 

Braddock Loring 

Edward Alline 

Thomas Christy 

William Green 

were chosen Surveyors of Boards & Shingles for the Year 
ensuing 

Voted, that the Hon bl Thomas Dawes Esq 

Joseph Russell Esq 

Samuel Brown Esq 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Accompts 
of the Town Treasurer & also the Overseers of the Poor & the 
Board of Health ; and said Committee are also directed to report 
the Sums necessary to be raised for the services of the present 
Year 

Voted that the consideration of all Money Matters be referred 
to May Meeting 

The Article in the Warrant Viz " To determine whether the 
Town will consider it expedient to take any measures relative to 
the rebuilding of the Rope Walks at the bottom of the Common " 



194 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

read whereupon Voted that the Selectmen be a Committee to 
consider this matter and Report thereon at the Adjournment. 

Cap 1 Chapman having declined serving as a Selectman, Voted, 
that the Thanks of the Town be given him for his good services 
in that Office for a number of Years past. 

Mr Gray & Mr Quincy having declined serving as a School 
Committee, Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given them 
for their good services while on the Committee 

' [299.] Mr Judah Hayes & R Gr Amory Esq having declined 
serving as Fire Wards, had the Thanks of the Town for their 
good services while in the Office of Fire Wards 

A letter of Samuel Parkman Esq acquainting the Selectmen 
that he had obtained an elegant full length Portrait of the 
Immortal Washington copied by an eminent Artist from an 
original painting by the celebrated Stuart, and desiring them to 
present the Picture in his Name to the Town of Boston, to be 
placed in a conspicuous part of Faneuil Hall having been read 
it was moved and voted that this valuable and pleasing dona- 
tion is gratefully accepted by the Town, and ordered to be placed 
in Faneuil Hall agreeable to the Patriotic intention of the Donor 

Adjourned to Wednesday the 19 th of March Inst 1806 10 
OClock A. M. 

Wednesday the 19 th of March A : D : 1806 10 OClock A : M : 
Met according to adjournment 

Major Bray having by letter declined serving in the Office of 
Selectman into which he had been chosen The Town Voted, to 
proceed immediately to the choice of another and the Votes being 
brought in for one Selectmen it appeared that 

Deacon Joseph Kettell 
was chosen 

The Selectmen having been directed to consider the subject of 
the Rebuilding the Rope Walks at the bottom of the Common, 
Report 

That the Town in 1794 granted to the Proprietors of the late 
Rope Walks the ground on which they stood, for that purpose 
and no other use whatever ; and that the Proprietors have done 
nothing to forfeit their right of rebuilding upon their complying 
with the terms and conditions of the grant from the Town to be 
explained as follows 

That they make and forever maintain a good and sufficient Sea 
Wall at the South of their Ropewalks to be kept in good repair 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1806. 195 

to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen That such Proprietors shall 
build a Brick Store, or Head to his Rope Walks 30 feet wide in 
front, and at least two Stories high That such Proprietors shall 
build his Yarn [3OO] and Tar House & Coppers, in such situ- 
ation and in such manner as the Fire Wards shall direct. 

Under these conditions and subject to the Restrictions of the 
law regulating the erection of Buildings in this Town, the Com- 
mittee confide in every reasonable measure to be adopted to 
secure the Town from danger from the Ropewalks that may in 
future be built on that ground 

The foregoing Report having been read and debate had 
thereon the Question was put, and the Report accepted 

On application of a number of Inhabitants one Surveyor of 
Boards &c, was added to those already chosen and the Votes, 
being brought i, it appeared that 

Mr Eleazer Homer 
was chosen 

Voted that any other matter unfinished be referred to May 
Meeting 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to Stephen 
Codman Esq. for his good services as Moderator 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



[3O1.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston of 21 years of age and upwards qualified as the Constitu- 
tion prescribes and legally warned in public Town Meeting 
Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 7 th Day April Anno 
Domini 1806 9 OClock A : M : 

Prayer was made by the Rev d Mr Emerson. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting Read 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or Frame of Government relative 
to the choice of Governor, Lieut Governor and Senators Read 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Vote should be 
received but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll 
should be closed at 2 OClock P : M : the Votes to be received at 
the Table and the Bells to begin ringing at % past 1 OClock and 
to continue for half an Hour 

Persons Voted for as GOVEKNOUK, with the number of Votes 
for each Person Viz 



196 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Votes 

His Excellency Caleb Strong Esq - .... 2503 

Honbl James Sullivan Esq 1605 

Honbl Elbridge Gerry 6 

Persons Voted, for as LIEUT GOVERNOUR, with the number of 

Votes for each Person Viz -- Votes 

Honb 1 Edward H Bobbins Esq 2444 

Honb 1 William Heath Esq 1650 

Honb 1 Henry Knox 3 

Honb 1 David Cobb - ' 2 

Person Voted for as Senators for the County of Suffolk with 

the number of Votes for each Person Viz Votes 

Honb 1 Chris 1 ' Gore Esq 2489 

Honb 1 Harrison G Otis Esq 2472 

D r William Spooner Esq --,.-. 2452 

Honb 1 John Phillips, Esq 2484 

Peter C Brooks 2472 

[3O2.] Honb 1 David Tilden Esq 1684 

Russell Sturgis Esq '- 1626 

Edward Proctor Esq 1632 

Samuel Clap Esq 1625 

David Townsend Esq 1622 

Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as GOVERNOUR 
LIEUT GOVERNOUR and SENATORS, for the County of Suffolk sealed 
up in Town Meeting after the Votes had been declared, and 
transmitted to the Secretary of this Commonwealth 
Superscribed as follows Viz 

For John Avery Esquire 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

The number of Votes of the Town of Boston for, Governour 
Lieut Governour & five Senators for the County of Suffolk, 
Certified within and Sealed up in Town Meeting after the Votes 
had been declared 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



[3O3.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of 21 Years of Age and upwards qualified as the 
Constitution prescribes and legally warned in public Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 4 th Day of 
May A : D : 1806 9 O Clk A : M : 

The Meeting was opened with Prayer by Rev d Dr Kirkland 
Warrant for calling the Meeting Read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1806. 197 

That part of the Constitution or frame of Government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives Read 

The Town having determined by a Vote to choose 27 Persons 
to Represent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to be 
held in the State House in Boston on the last Wednesday of May 
Current agreeable to the Constitution or Frame of Government 
for Massachusetts ; The Inhabitants were directed by the 
Selectmen to withdraw and bring in their Votes for 27 Represent- 
atives, and then it was declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes 
would be received by them but such as are unfolded and untill 
the names of the Persons entering shall be marked on the List 
by the Gentlemen who assist for that purpose from the several 
Wards and that they propose the Poll shall be closed at 2 OClock, 
the Bells to begin ringing at past 1 OClock and to continue 
untill 2 OClock 

The Votes being brought in for 27 Representatives the whole 
number was found to be 1258 and upon sorting them it appeared 
that the following Gentlemen were chosen, having obtained a 
majority of the Votes Viz't 

Votes 

William Smith Esq 1242 

Jonathan Hunnewell Esq 1237 

William Sullivan Esq 1241 

John Wells Esq 1238 

Jonathan Mason Esq 1238 

Thomas H Perkins Esq 1238 

William Brown Esq 1230 

Samuel Parkman Esq 1230 

John Winslow Esq 1242 

Edward Tuckerman Esq 1238 

Deacon Francis Wright Esq 1239 

Redford Webster Esq 1238 

Thomas Perkins Esq 1242 

Daniel Sargent Esq 1240 

William Phillips Esq 1239 

[3O4.] Stephen Codman Esq 1232 

Simon Elliot Esq 1240 

Benjamin Russell Esq 1231 

Mr Thomas W Sumner 1236 

John Callander Esq - 1233 

Dr Thomas Danforth 1237 

John T Apthorp Esq 1236 

Charles Davis Esq 1223 

Mr Benjamin Goddard 1227 

Mr Thomas K Jones 1236 

Benjamin Whitman Esq - - - - - - - 1192 

Mr James Lloyd Ju r Esq 1239 



198 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen 

The Meeting was Dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualified & legally warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 15 th Day of 
May Anno Domini 1806 10 O Clock A : M : 

Warrant for calling Meeting Read. 

Honb 1 Thomas Dawes Esq 
was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for 6 Trustees for Towns Land, on the Neck, in addition 
to the Selectmen who conjunctly, are to Lease and manage said 
Lands in such manner as shall appear to them best for the inter- 
est of the Town the Votes being brought in and sorted, it 
appeared that 

Honb 1 Thomas Dawes Esq 

Gen 1 John Winslow 
Honb 1 William Brown Esq 

Joshua Davis Jur Esq 
Honb 1 William Phillips 'Esq 

Edward Tuckerman Esq 
were chosen. 



[3O5.] At a legal Meeting of Freeholders and other Inhab- 
itants of the Town of Boston at Faneuil Hall on Monday 10 th day 
of March A : D : 1806 10 OClock A : M : Voted that the Sub- 
scribers " be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the 
Accompts of the Town Treasurer Overseers 6f the Poor & the 
Board of Health ; and said Committee are directed to report the 
sum necessary to be raised for the services of the present Year," 
having attended that service they submit the following Report 
viz 

The Treasurer Credits the Town of Boston with ~| j) o p Q^ g 

sundry sums of Money received by him to the > 

Am' of ) 91998 > 67 

The Treasurer Charges the Town with the sum of - 91998,67 
including a balance in the hands of the Treasurer 
of $1213,37 May 8 th carried to new Account as 
represented in paper N 1 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1806. 



199 



Paper N 2 contains the particulars of Cash paid 
on sundry Drafts from June 1805 to April 1806 as 

p r Acct Curr 1 - -- 

Ballance due to sundry Persons ... 
and amount of Moneys paid the Proprietors of S 
Boston Bridge by Note p r Order of the Selectmen - 



By amt of outstanding debts p r the late Treasurer's 
Books - 

By sundry drafts from the Selectmen from June 
1805 to April 1806 pr Ace* Curr* Amounting to 



Selectmens Drafts 

Amt of Cash paid on sundry drafts p r Acct 
Current from June 1805 to April 1806 - 
Ballance due to sundry persons ... 



To Cash paid on sundry drafts from June 1805 to 

April 1806 p r Account Current 

To Ballance due to sundry persons 



Represents the Statement of State and County Taxes 

To Cash paid into the State Treasury from June 

1805 to April 1806 

To Am 1 due the State 

To Cash paid Ebenezer Seaver C Treasurer from 
June 1805 to April 1806 p r Acct Curr* - - - - 
Amount due the County of Suffolk ----- 



[3O6.] Paper N 4 Represents the Statement of 

Taxes for 1803 
Amount due by the late Treasurers Books - - - 

By Amt outstanding on Sundry drafts on the late 
Treasurers Books - 

By Sundry drafts from the Overseers from April 
1805 to June 1806 



4788.91 
1085.98 

2277. 
51251.89 



484.49 
50767.40 
51251.89 



10397. 3 
2419.48 

12816.51 



3301.75 
59.83 

3361.58 



$17672. 



17718. 



10730.73 
6873.70 

$17604.43 



$1253.59 



516. 3 
12300.48 



12816.51 



200 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



By Sundry Drafts from the Board of Health f^om 

April 1805 to June 1806 Amounting to - - - 3361.58 

By Amt due the Commonwealth by the late Treas- 
urers Books $17672." 

State Tax for 1805 Amt Assessed 17718." 

County Tax for 1805 
By Amt due on this Tax to the County as by the 

late Treasurers Books 3765.43 

Tax for 1805 p r Amt Assessed 13839." 

$17604.43 

By Cash received from June 26 to April 30 th 1806 

as p r Account Current 135.61 

By abatement ------------ 4.10 

By ballance due 1113.88 

$1253.59 
Tax for 1805 due p r the late Treasurers Books $22262.99 

Tax for 1805 Amt Assessed $96557." 

Ballance of Tax 1803 $1113.88 

Ballance of Tax 1804 8790.57 

Ballance of Tax 1805 34475.40 



$44379.85 



Paper N 5 Represents the Income of the Towns Rents Viz 

Old State House p r Year 4900. " 

Market Square p r Year 520. " 

4 Stalls at $2 p r Week 416. " 

4 D at $1.50 p r D 312." 

Deer Island p r Year 300- " 

Hay Market Income about 200. " 

Salt Marsh 105. " 



$6753. 



[3O7.] By Cash received from June 26 1805 
to April 30 th 1806 as p r Acct Current - - 
By abatements ----------- 

By ballance due ----- 



13274.3 

198.39 

8790.57 

$22262.99 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1806. 



201 



By Cash received from October 1 st 1805 
to April 30 th 1806 as p r Acct Current 
By abatements 



By premiums allowed 



Oct r - - 
Novem r - 
Decem r - 
Jan* - - 
Febr? - 



Ballance due 



$1238.1 

777.87 

67.22 

33.14 

40.63 



$59355.78 
568.95 



2156.87 



34,475.40 

$96,557. " 



Paper N 6 Represents Amounts of Notes due Sundry Persons 

Viz Benjamin Barker 1544.17 

Eliz Partridge 772.8 

Selectmen of Boston - - - - 1230. " 

Estate of Jn Gray 107. " 

Mary Hammond - 1050. " 

Union Bank 8000. " 

Tuthill Hubbart ---_-- 3333.33 

Russell Sturgis 2800. " 

S Boston Bridge Corp a ... - 2277." 

Union Bank 1200. " 

$22313.58 

i 

Paper N 7 Represents Tryal Ballance 

Towns Powder 1041.95 

Town Treasurers 6403.29 

William Tewksbury 210.82 

Notes Receivable ---- 754.13 

1803 Tax 1113.88 

1804 - --- 8790.57 

1805 34475.40 

44379.85 
Cash Account 1213.37 

$54003.41 

[3O8.] Notes payable 22313.58 

State Tax 17718. " 

County Tax 6873.50 

Outstanding debts 7098.33 



$54003.41 



202 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



Paper N 8 Represents the Estimate for 1806 

School Masters 

Town Watch 

Town Treasurers & Collector 

Assessors 3 at $8.16 each 

Police Officers 

Constables Services 

Engines premiums Repaims &c 

Monies Voted by Town to Mr Hunt - - - 
Repairs of Schools & Firewood - - - - 

Lamps Oil & Lighting 

Town Clerk 

Messenger of Selectmen ------- 

Judge of Municipal Court & Advocate - - 

Printing & Stationery - 

Bells and Clocks 

Incidental Charges -- 

Paving Streets - 



13000. " 

6500. " 

1500. " 

2448. " 

1000. " 

300. " 

600. 

2500. " 

1100. " 

5000. " 

666.66 

300-" 

700-" 

400-" 

400-" 

1285-" 

8000-" 

46000-" 
5000-" 

10000. " 

15000. 

4000. " 



Besides the above current charges there is 
due the Amt of award for widening Merchants 
Row after deducting Subscriptions - - - - 
Towards Expence of Enlarging Faneuil Hall - 

For Overseers of the Poor 

For Board of Health 



Amount of Estimate 



The Committee find the aforementioned Accounts to be well 
vouched and right cast (so far as they have time to proceed in 
the Business) all which will clearly appear from the Accounts 
exhibited when compared with the Books. 

The Committee advise that the Statements by Mr. Treasurer 
Smith as reported be Recorded in the Town Book that is kept 
in the Selectmens Office, and the said record be [3O9] corn- 
paired with said Accompts, as there have been several Treasurers 
within a few years many advantages may arise by having 
recourse to such records. 

The Committee further report that from Estimates received 
there will be wanting for the Selectmen including $10,000 towards 

repairing Faneuil Hall 61.000-" 

For the Overseers of the Poor - ---_-- 15000-'' 
For the Board of Health 4000 -" 



Making $80000-" 
They therefore are of oppinion that the Town of Boston Vote a 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1806. 203 

Tax for $80,000 according to law for the above mentioned pur- 
poses ; which, is humbly submitted. 

Thomas Dawes ) -, 

, } Comm 1 **' 

Samuel Brown j 

N. B. It will be remembered that in addition to the above 
Eighty Thousand Dollars There will be a State Tax for the 
Seventeen Thousand D and for County Tax Ten Thousand D. 
making in the whole One Hundred and seven Thousand Dollars 
to be assessed for the Current Year. 

The aforegoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put "Whether the same shall be accepted" 
Passed in the Affirmative and on Motion Voted that the addi- 
tional Sum of ten thousand Dollars, be appropriated for widening 
and improving Battery March Street and other Streets of the 
Town to be applied under the direction of the Selectmen 

Voted, that Eighty Thousand Dollars making with the above 
appropriation the sum of 90,000 Dollars be raised by a Tax to be 
assessed on the Polls and Estates of the Inhabitants of this Town 
to defray the Expences of the Current Year. 

Voted, that the Sum of $300 be allowed and paid to the 
Honb 1 John Phillips Esq for his services as Town Advocate the 
Year ensuing. 

Voted that the sum of $816 be allowed and paid to each of the 
three Assessors for the ensuing Year. 

Voted, that the Honb 1 William Smith Esq be allowed and paid 
as Town Treasurer & Collector of Taxes for the present Year 
the Sum of $1500 he to pay his Clerk, Assistant, Office hire, 
and all expences of office. 

[31O.] Voted that the Selectmen, be empowered and 
.directed to make the Town Clerk such Grants for Salary and the 
rise of Provisions as shall be equal to what has been allowed the 
Masters of the Writing Schools for the time past and the present 
Year 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be given The Honb 1 Tom 8 
Dawes Esq for his good services as Moderator 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the 4 th Day 
of July A :D : 1806 9 OClock A :M : 



204 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Warrant for calling Meeting - - Read 

William Cooper 
was chosen Moderator 

The Committee appointed the last year to make choice of Gen- 
tleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Indepen- 
dence 

Reported, that they had made choice of Francis Dana Chan- 
ning Esq, who has accepted of the appointment 

On Motion Adjourned to the Old South Church, when 

AN ORATION 

to commemorate the Independence of the United States, was 
delivered by Francis Dana Channing Esq at the Old South 
Church 

On Motion Voted that the Selectmen be a Committee to wait 
on Francis Dana Channing Esq and in the Name of the Town to 
thank him for the Elegant and Spirited Oration this day delivered 
by him at the request of the Town upon the Anniversary of the 
Independence of the United States of America in which accord- 
ing to the Intention of the Town he considered the manners feel- 
ings and principles which led to that great National Event 
and to request of him a Copy for the Press 

On Motion Voted, that the Gentlemen Selectmen be and hereby 
are appointed a Committee to apply to some able [311] and 
learned Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 4 th July A :D : 
1807, that Day being the Anniversary of the Independence of 
the United States of America, wherein the Orator is to consider 
the feelings manners .and principles which led to this great 
National Event; as well as the important and happy effects 
whether general or domestic which have already, or will forever 
flow from that auspicious Epoch 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



At a meeting of Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on the 3d Day of November 
A :D : 1806 9 OClock A :M : 

Prayer was made by Rev d Mr Lowell 

Warrant for calling Meeting -------- Read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1806. 205 

Paragraph of a Resolve of the General Court for the choice of 
one Representative for the Suffolk District of this Commonwealth 
in the Congress of the United States &c Read 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that the Poll would be 
closed at 2 OClock P :M: the Bells to begin tolling at past 1 
OClock. 

Persons Voted for as Representative for the Suffolk District in 
this Commonwealth in the next Congress of the United States 
Viz 

HonbUosiah Quincy Esq Sixteen hundred seventy three Votes 
James Prince Esq Nine hundred & two Votes 

Honbl William Eustice Esq Three Votes 

Mr Caleb Bingham One D 

and declaration made thereof in the Meeting by the Selectmen a 
return of the doings of this Meeting, made out and put into the 
hands of Mr Sheriff Allen to be given to the Honbl Jonathan L 
Austin Esq Secretary of this Commonwealth, which return was 
in exact conformity to the one inserted in the last Town Officer. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



[312.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
29 th Day of December A :D: 1806 10 OClock A :M : 

Warrant for calling Meeting Read 

Joseph Russell Esq 
chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote 

The article in the Warrant viz ' ' To take measures for renewing 

the Jury Box, according to law Read and after consideration 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to regulate the Jury 

Boxes from the Names laid before the Town for that purpose 

The article in the Warrant "To consider & act upon the claim 
of the Heirs of the late Governour Hancock to Land on Beacon 
Hill " read whereupon Voted, that the Selectmen be a com- 
mittee to examine and search into this claim employing such 
Counsel as they shall Judge proper and report at March Meet- 
ing. 

On the Application of Messrs Stutson & Seth Thayer for a 
portion of a Passage way leading to Ann Street &c 

Voted that this article in the Warrant, be referred to the Gen- 
tlemen Firewards, who are desired to Report thereon at March 
Meeting. 



206 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The article in Warrant, viz " To choose one or more Agents to 
appear in behalf of the Town to defend a Suit instituted by Oliver 
Wendell Esq for recovery of Land & Flatts in Battery March 
Street being part of the S Battery & Flatts before the same, 
conveyed and warranted by the Town to the late John Rowe Esq 
in the Year 1785 " was read whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are authorized and 
empowered to be Agents for the Town in this Matter, they to 
employ such Counsel as they may Judge to be needful 

The article in the Warrant " To empower the Trustees of the 
Neck Land, to make an exchange of Land with Messrs Isaac P 
Davis & William Pain, to render the boundary line between them 
and the Town more convenient read & considered whereupon 

Voted, that the Trustees of the Neck Land be authorized and 
empowered to make such exchange of Land with Messrs Isaac P 
Davis & Comp y as will promote the Interest of [313] the Town 
in the arrangement of the Lots, and for that purpose they be 
authorized to execute Deeds, to convey so much of the Town Land 
as may be necessary & to receive of Messrs Davis & Comp y a 
good and sufficient Deed of so much of their Land, as in the 
Judgment of said Trustees may be just and right. 

The article in the Warrant " To empower the Trustees of the 
Neck Land to locate a suitable place on the Neck for a Meeting 
House & Burying Ground was read whereupon 

Voted, that the Trustees of the Neck Laud be authorized and 
empowered to lay out and assigne a piece or pieces of Land in 
suitable situations on the Neck for a Meeting House Lot and 
Burying Ground, and that they be empowered to execute Deeds to 
convey so much of said Lands as may be necessary to any relig- 
eous Association who shall first undertake to build and shall erect 
a place of religious worship 

On the article in the Warrant to confirm the proceedings of the 
Selectmen with Jonathan Harris Esq relative to a piece of Land 
& Water Course in Water Street 

Voted, that the Town would ratify and confirm the agreement 
made with Jonathan Harris Esq and for that purpose the Select- 
men are authorized & empowered to execute and receive such 
Deeds & Instruments as may be necessary 

Matters unfinished refered to March Meeting 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given Honb 1 Joseph 
Russell Esqr for the good dispatch given by him as Moderator to 
the business of the Meeting 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1807. 20' 



18O7. 

[314.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
9 th Day of March A :D : 1807 10 OClock A :M : 



Warrant for calling the Meeting - - Read 

Sundry Laws to be read at this Meeting were accordingly (part 
of them) read 

Stephen Codman Esqr was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote, 
but by his desire was excused on account of a Cold 

Honb 1 Joseph Russell Esqr 

was chosen Moderator of the Meeting & took the Chair accord- 
ingly. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Town Clerk and the same being brought in and 
counted it appeared that 

William Cooper 

was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing, and took the Oath 
of Office, which was administered to him by Mr Justice Bulfinch 

The Inhabitants, were desired to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for 9 Selectmen, and the same having been brought in and 
counted, it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen 
Viz 

Charles Bulfinch Esqr. Jonathan Hunnewell Esqr 

David Tilden Esqr John May Esqr 

William Porter Esqr Francis Wright Esqr 

Mr Ebenezer Oliver Deacon Joseph Kettle 

Mr Jonathan Chapman 

Previous to the counting the Votes for Selectmen a Motion was 
made, which did not obtain, that a Committee might be chosen to 
assist the Selectmen in counting and sorting their Votes. 

A Motion was also made & Voted, that the Poll for choice of 
Selectmen, be closed, at past 12 OClock, but another that no 
Votes be counted untill the Poll was closed did not obtain 

[315.] Adjourned untill 3 OClock P.M. 



208 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

3 OClock P :M : Town Met 

Edward Proctor Esq Mr Samuel Snelling 

Henry Hill Esq Mr Benjamin Goddard 

William Smith Esq Samuel Clap Esq 

William Phillips Mr Ozias Goodwin 

Dr Redford Webster Esq Mr William Mackey 

Thomas Perkins Esq Joseph Cooledge Jur Esq 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

Thomas Melvill Esq Gen 1 Simon Elliot Esq 

Amasa Davis Esq Jonathan Hunnewell Esq 

Henry Jackson Esq Daniel Messenger Esq 

Joseph May Esq Mr Ozias Goodwin 

Andrew Cunningham Esq Mr. Thomas Curtis 

Samuel Bradford Esq Joshua Davis Jur Esq 

Joseph Head Esq Mr John D Howard 

Thomas H Perkins Esq Mr Benjamin Coates 

Gen 1 John Winslow Esq William Sullivan Esq 

Stephen Codman Esq Mr Benjamin Smith 

John Bray Esq John T Apthorp Esq 

Mr Thomas Dennie Ignatius Sargent Esq 
were chosen Fire Wards for the Year ensuing 

[316.] On Motion Voted that the Thanks of the Town be 
given to Mr John Tileston for his good services as a Selectman, 
a number of Years past 

Voted that the Thanks of the town be given to Samuel Park- 
man & William Scollay Esq for their good services as Fire Wards, 
a number of Years past 

The Votes for a Town Advocate in the room of Honb 1 John 
Phillips Esq who had resigned that Office ; being brought in 
counted and sorted, it appeared that 

Peter Thatcher Esq 
was chosen into that Office 

Voted, that in addition to the Selectmen 12 Persons shall now 
be chosen a School Committee and the Votes being brought in 
and sorted it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen 
Viz 

Honb 1 Thomas Dawes Esq 

Rev d Joseph Eckly D D 

Dr Thomas Welch Esq 

Rev d J T Kirkland D D 

Dr Aaron Dexter Esq 

William Smith Esq 

Arnold Wells Esq 

David Green Esq 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1807. 209 

Honb 1 John Phillips Esq 
Rev d William Emerson 
John Heard Esq 
Charles Davis Esq 

Voted, that the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are termed, the School Committee be and hereby 
are directed to carry the new System, of Education which has 
been adopted by the Town into operation, and said Comm ee are 
also authorized and empowered conjunctly to manage and regulate 
the officers, and the Government of the Schools, and in future to 
execute all the Powers relative to the Schools & Schoolmasters, 
which the Selectmen or such Committee were authorized by the 
Laws of the Commonwealth or the Votes of the Town to exercise, 
any former Votes of the Town notwithstanding 

[317.] The Votes for a Town Treasurer & Collector of 
Taxes, being brought in & sorted, it appeared that 

William Smith Esq 
was chosen 

Votes for a Treasurer of the County of Suffolk brought in and 
counted by the Moderator & Town Clerk when it appeared that 
the whole number was 306 and that they were all for Ebenezer 
Sever Esq a discreet suitable Person, and a Freeholder and 
resident in said County 

Messrs Benjamin White 
Moses Ayers 
Daniel Ingersol Ju r 
were chosen Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 

Messrs Barney Connor 
Joseph Cobbit 
were chosen Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

Messrs Barney Connor 
Joseph Cobbit 
were chosen Haywards for the Year ensuing 

Messrs Samuel Emmons 

James Phillips 
were chosen Surveyors of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 

Edward Tuckerman Esq 
Mr Josiah Snelling 
were chosen Surveyors of Hemp for the Year ensuing 

Messrs John Wells 

William Cooper Hunneman 
were chosen Assay Masters for the Year ensuing 



210 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Messrs Jonathan Gushing 
Joseph Doble 
Thomas Barbour 
David Rich 
were chosen Cullers of Dry Fish for the Year ensuing 

Henry Purkit Esq 
Capt Lemuel Gardner 
Mr Thomas Barbour 
Mr James Eunson 
were chosen Cullers of Hoops and Staves for Year ensuing 

[318.] The Selectmen 

were chosen Surveyors of the Highways for the Year ensuing. 

Mess Benjamin White Mess Noah Dogget 

John Cogswell Caleb Coolidge 

Eleazer Homer John Butterfield 

William Green Daniel Ingersoll 

Thomas Christy William Clouston 

Edward Alline William Ellison 

f Nath 1 Bradley Jur Joseph Stodder 

Braddock Loring 

were chosen Surveyors of Boards & Shingles for the Year 
ensuing. 

Voted that Honb 1 Thomas Dawes Esq 

Joseph Russell Esq 

Samuel Brown Esq 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Accounts 
of the Town Treasurer and also those of the Overseers of the 
Poor ; and the Board of Health ; and said Committee are directed 
to Report the Sum necessary to be raised for the services of the 
present Year 

Voted, that the consideration of all Money Matters be referred 
to May Meeting 

Voted, that all Matters, unfinished at this Meeting be referred 
to May Meeting. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given to 
Joseph Russell Esq for his good services as Moderator of this 
Meeting 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



[319.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston of 21 Years of age and upwards, qualified as the Constitu- 
tion prescribes & Legally warned in public Town Meeting 
Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 6 th Day of April 
Anno Domini 1807 9, O'Clock A : M : 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1807. 211 

Prayer was made by the Rev d Dr Lothrop 

The Town Clerk informed the Meeting, that all the Gentlemen 
chosen Selectmen for the present Year agreeable to a late Act 
of the General Court qualified themselves for that OfBce by taking 
the following Oath Viz ' ' That they would faithfully and impar- 
tially discharge the duties of their Office respecting all Elections 
and the returns thereof " which Oath was administered to them by 
John Gardner Esq Justice of the Peace 

Att William Cooper Town Clerk 

Warrant for calling the Meeting Read 

Paragraph of the Constitution or Frame of Government rela- 
tive to the choice of Governor L* Governor & Senators Read 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Votes shall be 
received but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the 
Poll should be closed at 2 OClock the Bells to begin tolling at 
% past 1 OClock and to continue for an Hour the Names to 
be marked off before given in 

Persons Voted for as GOVERN OUR with the number of Votes for 
each Person 

Votes 

His Excellency Caleb Strong Esq - - - - 3149 

Honb 1 James Sullivan Esq - ... 2806 

Elbridge Gerry Esq ------ 5 

Harrison G Otis Esq ----- l 

Theodore Sedgwick 1 

Thomas Lewis ------- l 

Charles P Sumner Esq 1 

Benj a Austin Esq ------ l 

Persons Voted for as Lieut Governour with the number of Votes 
for each Person Viz 

Votes 

Honb 1 Edward H Robins Esq - - - - - 3110 

Honb 1 Levi Lincoln Esq 2108 

George Cabot Esq 2 

David Cobb Esq - 2 

[3 2O.] John C Jones Esq 3 

John Q Adams Esq 4 

William Eustis Esq ------ l 

Richard Edwards 1 

Elbridge Gerry Esq 1 

Thomas O Selfridge 1 

Persons Voted, for as Senators for the County of Suffolk with 
the number of Votes for each Person Viz 



212 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Votes 

Honbl Harrison Gray Otis Esq - - 3063 

Honbl Christopher Gore Esq - - - 3146 

Honbl William Spooner Esq - - - 3132 

HonblJohn Phillips Esq - - - - 3140 

Honbl Peter C Brooks 3133 

Honbl William Eustis Esq - - - - 2112 

Honbl David Tilden Esq - - - - 2110 

Samuel Brown Esq - - - - 2110 

Russell Sturgis Esq .... 2104 

Col n Edward Proctor - - - 2103 

Thomas Lewis 1 

Thomas H Perkins 1 

James Sullivan Esq 1 

Thomas K Jones - 1 

James Lloyd 1 

Benj a Russell 1 

Dr John Warren 2 

Oliver Wendell Esq 1 

Capt John Prince 1 

Stephen Higginson Esq - - - - 1 

Jonathan Mason Esq ----- l 

Thomas Welch 1 

John Wells Esq ------- 1 

Augustus Hunt 1 

Dr David Townsend 2 

Stephen Gorham Esq ----- l 

John Tileston - : 1 

Samuel Clap -------- 1 

James Prince Esq - 1 

Benj a Bussey 1 

John Winslow Esq 1 

Henderson Inches 1 

Stephen Thayer 1 

Attested Copies or returns of the Persons Voted for as 
GOVERNOR L T GOVERNOR & Senators for the County of Suffolk, 
sealed up in Town Meeting after the Votes had been declared ; to 
be transmitted to the Secretary of the Commonwealth as prescribed 
by law and directed as follows Viz 

For Honbl Jonathan L Austin Esqr 

Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

The number of Votes of the Town of Boston for Governour 
Lu* Governour & Five Senators for the County of Suffolk, Certi- 
fied within and sealed up in Town Meeting after the [321] Votes 
had been declared. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1807. 213 

At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
of 21 Years of age and upwards qualified as the Constitution 
prescribes & legally warned in public Town Meeting Assembled 
at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 13 Day of May A :D : 1807 
9 OClock A :M : 

The Meeting opened with prayer by Rev d D r Elliot 
Warrant for calling this Meeting Read 

That part of the Constitution or Frame of Government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives Read 

The Town having determined by a Vote to choose 27 Persons 
to represent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to be 
holden in the State House in Boston on the last Wednesday of 
May Current, agreeable to the Constitution or Frame of Govern- 
ment for Massachusetts ; the Inhabitants were directed by the 
Selectmen to bring in their Votes for Representatives not exceed- 
ing 27 ; and then it was declared by the Selectmen that no Votes 
would be received but such as are unfolded and untill the Name 
of the Person entering shall be marked on the list by the Gentle- 
men assisting for that purpose from the several Wards, and that 
they propose the Poll should be closed at past 1 OClock, the 
Bells to begin ringing half an hour before, and to continue 
untill the close of the Poll 

The Votes being brought in for 27 Representatives the whole 
number was found to be 880 * and upon sorting them it appeared 
that the following Gentlemen were chosen having obtained a 

majority of the Votes, Viz 

Votes 

William Smith Esq 877 

Jon a Hunnewell Esq 873 

William Sullivan Esq 879 

John Wells Esq 877 

Jon a Mason Esq - - - - 876 

Thomas H Perkins Esq 874 

William Brown Esq - 876 

Samuel Parkman Esq 871 

John Winslow Esq 871 

Edward Tuckerman Esq 872 

Deacon Francis Wright 873 

Redford Webster Esq 875 

Thomas Perkins Esq 873 

Daniel Sargent Esq 874 

William Phillips Esq 875 

*The whole number of votes, and the number for each person voted for, does not 
appear on the Town Records, but is taken from the original memorandum by the 
Town Clerk. 



214 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Stephen Codman Esq 874 

Simon Elliot Esq 872 

Benjamin Russell Esq 874 

Mr Thomas W Sumner 871 

John Callender Esq 873 

Dr Thomas Dan forth 877 

John T Apthorp Esq 872 

Charles Davis Esq - 872 

Mr Benjamin Goddard 875 

Mr Thomas Kilby Jones 872 

Benjamin Whitman Esq 864 

Mr James Lloyd Ju r 876 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen 

The Meeting was Dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 14 th 
Day of May Anno Domini 1807 10-OClock A :M : - 

W arrant for calling Meeting - Read 

Joseph Russell Esq 
was chosen Moderator by a hand Vote 

The Inhabitants, were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for 6 Trustees for Towns Lands on the Neck, in addition 
to the Selectmen, who conjunctly are to manage said Lands, in 
such manner as shall appear to them best for the Interest of the 
Town the Votes being brought in and sorted it appeared that 

Honbl Thomas Dawes Esq 
[323.] General John Winslow 

Honbl William Brown Esq 

Joshua Davis Jur Esq 
Honbl William Phillips 

Edward Tuckerman Esq 
were chosen. 

Mr John D Howard & John T Apthorp Esq the former having 
resigned & the latter having declined serving as Fire Wards 

Mr Henry Fowle 

Mr Samuel Sweet 
were chosen in their room. 

On Motion Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to 
Mr John D Howard, for his good services as Fire Ward several 
Years past 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1807. 215 

Mess Benjamin Rice 
Allen Bowker 

were chosen Surveyors of Boards & Shingles in addition to the 
16 before chosen on application therefore, by a number of In- 
habitants 

Mr John Deluce 

was chosen into the Office of Hogreeve & Hayward for South 
Boston 

The Article in the Warrant Viz ' ' To consider and act upon the 
petition of James Ivers and others whether the Town will consent 
to waive the condition on which the Grant of the Mill Pond was 
made, and to permit the same to be filled up by the Proprietors ; 
or to any other act & thing respecting the Premises, which may 
cause or suffer to be effected the purposes therein contemplated ' ' 
was read, After long debate thereon It was moved and 
Voted that the consideration of this Article with the Petition 
be referred to a Committee of five Persons to be chosen by nomi- 
nation being called for the following Gentlemen were chosen Viz 

Joseph Russell 

Samuel Brown 

Judge Davis 
[324.] James Prince 

John "Wells Esquires 

and said Committee are requested to make Report thereon at the 
Adjournment of this Meeting 

It was then moved & Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 
Monday the 25 Day of May Inst 10 O-Clock A: M: 

Monday May 25 th 10 O-Clock A: M: met according to ad- 
journment. 

The Moderator in the Chair 

The Selectmen to whom was committed the consideration of 
the Claim of the Heirs of Governour Hancock to Land on Beacon 
Hill ask leave to Report 

That they have examined the Town Records relative to this 
subject, have conferred with the Claimants and examined their 
Deeds, and have advised with the most eminent counsel and 
after all the investigation in their power they find that" the Town 
has been possessed of a certain portion of the Hill from the 
earliest period of its settlement that the Deeds to Thomas Han- 
cock do not comprise the other part of the Hill now Claimed by 
the Applicants but that the Town has been long in the use and 
uninterrupted possession of it 

The Selectmen therefore propose, that the Town should em- 
power Agents to maintain and defend their right to said Land 



216 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

and to prosecute all encroachments or trespasses that may be 
made on the same 

The aforegoing Report having been read it was accepted by 
the Town and the Gentlemen Selectmen were appointed Agents 
on the business and are fully empowered to maintain and defend 
the Towns right in said Land 

The Committee of Fire Wards, on the Petition of Amasa 
Stutson & Seth Thayer, Reported, that it was their unanimous 
opinion that the prayer of the petition should not be granted 
and the question being put for accepting this report it was 
accepted by the Town accordingly 

The Votes, being brought in for a School [325] Committee 
Member in the room of Col Thomas Dawes who had resigned 
it appeared that 

John Davis Esq 
was chosen. 

Votes being brought in for one Trustee of the Towns Lands on 
the Neck in the room of Col" Dawes who had resigned it 
appeared that 

William Hammet Esq 
was chosen 

On Motion'Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be 
and hereby are given to the Hon bl Thomas Dawes Esq for his 
good and faithfull services in the several Offices he has sustained 
for a long course of Years past 

The Committee on Petition relative to filling up the Mill Pond 
Reported, and the same having been read it was moved and 
Voted, that this Report be referred to another Meeting for consid- 
eration, and that the same be published in all the Papers 

Moved & Voted, that the foregoing Vote be so far altered, as 
that the said Report be printed in Hand Bills and distributed 
among the Inhabitants for a more full inspection, before the 
Adjournment of this Meeting 

The Committee on Town Treasurers Accompts and other 
Money Matters Reported and thereupon it was moved & 
voted, that said Report be printed in hand bills and distributed 
amongst the Inhabitants for their inspection 

The application of the Judge of the Municipal Court for 
further Compensation was read and on motion Voted that 

James Prince Esq 

John Wells Esq 

Samuel Brown Esq 

be a Committee to whom this Matter is referred for consideration 
and to Report at the Adjournment 

Adjourned to Monday 8 th of June next 10 OClock A :M : 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1807. 217 

[326.] Monday the 8 th of June 1807 10 O-Clock A :M : 
Met according to Adjournment 

An Application of a number of Inhabitants for another Hay- 
ward to be appointed for the Southern part of the Town more 
especially the Neck 

Joseph Bacon 
was chosen a Hay ward for the present Year 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration the appli- 
cation of the Honbl Thomas Dawes Jun r Judge of the Municipal 
Court for the Town of Boston for an augmentation of his 
Salary Report that in their opinion the Salary of Judge 
Dawes should be augmented to Seven Hundred & fifty Dollars 
per Annum 

James Prince per order 

The aforegoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put, whether this Report be accepted by the 
Town Passed in the Affirmative 

The Report of the Committee relative to filling up the Mill 
Pond, which had been printed in hand bills for the inspection 
of the Inhabitants was read several times and after long 
debate the Question was put Whether this Report shall be 
accepted which passed in the Negative 

Whereupon it was moved & Voted, That a Committee of seven 
be appointed as Commissioners on the part of the Town with full 
powers to meet such person or persons as may be appointed in 
behalf of the Mill Proprietors with equal powers, and to treat 
and negotiate with them for a relinquishment of all the rights and 
claims of the Town to the Mill Pond and Lands under the same 
or parts thereof and to conclude & bargain for the same on such 
terms and conditions as they may Judge most for the interest of 
the Town, and the doings of said Commi tee when duly ratified & 
confirmed by the Town & Mill Proprietors shall be binding for- 
ever upon all parties. also 

Voted, the Selectmen nominate and appoint the Commissioners 
on the part of the Town 

[327.] Adjourned to Monday the 15 th of June Ins 
10 OClock A:M: 

Monday the 15 th June 10 o-Clock A :M : Met according to 
adjournment 

The Town having at their late Meeting 8 th Inst impowered the 
Selectmen to nominate & appoint seven Commissioners to treat 
and negotiate with the Mill Corporation as fully expressed in the 



218 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Towns Vote of that date The Selectmen have accordingly pro- 
ceeded to execute the trust reposed in them ; and after much 
deliberation have unanimously made choice of the following 
named Gentlemen as Commissioners for the purpose aforesaid 
Honb 1 John Q Adams Esq 
Honb 1 William Brown Esq 
Honb 1 John Davis Esq 

William Parsons Esq 
John Joy Esq 
Dr Redford Webster 
Capt Tristram Barnard 

and they have signified their willingness to accept the trust and 
have entered upon the duties thereof 

The Subscribers, a Committee chosen by the Town March 9 th 
1807, to Audit the Accounts of the Town Treasurer, Overseers of 
the Poor and the Board of Health ; and to report the sum necessary 
to be raised for the present Year having attended that service 
ask leave to Report 

They have examined the Accompts of the several Departments, 
find them right cast and well vouched, The Treasurers Accounts 
as follows by his Trial Ballance Viz 
1807. $ C 

April 30 To Towns Powder 1041.95 

To Notes Receivable for Notes due 

the Town 

To Ballance due the Town on 

the several Taxes 

Viz Tax - --- 1803 - - - - 1032.81 

" " - ... 1804 - --- 6857.57 

" " - ... 1805 - - - - 9139.49 

" " - - - - 1806 ---- 45927.89 

To Cash on hand 641.98 



$65395.82 
April 30 

By Notes payab 1 for sundry 

Articles for Money borrowed D. C 

for Use of the Town 24308.48 

By Ballance due the 

State Tax - 1806 18017.33 

Ditto on C Tax 2189.27 

Due on Selectmens drafts - - - - 7253.58 

Overseers- - - Do - - - - 2917.15 

Board of Health 405.88 

Due W m Tukesbury 74.15 

Town Treasury 9665.54 

Due Trustees Neck land 562.44 

65395.82 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1807. 219 

[328.] The Committee Report an Estimate for present Year 
as follows 

School Master & Ushers $13,300 

Repairs of Schools Fire Wood & e - - 1,100 

Town Watch 6,500 

Town Treasurer & Collector - - - - 1,500 

3 Assessors at 816 Dollars each - - 2,448 

Police Officers ----.--- 1000 

Constables Services ------ 300 

Engine Repairs & Premiums - - - - 400 

Lamps Oil & lighting 5000 

Town Clerk - - 1000 

Messenger & Doorkeeper to Selectmen 500 

Judge of Municipal Court & Advocate 800 

Printing & Stationery ----- 400 

Bells & Clocks 400 

Regulating & Paving Streets - - - 10000 - 

Overseers of the Poor 18000 

Board of Health 5000 

To complete the payment for j 20000 - 

repairs of Faneuil Hall - - - - j 

Incidental Charges 2132 

$90,000 

In the following Accounts the Town will find all the particular 
expences Viz 

N r 1 Mr Smith's general Account 

2 His Trial ballance 

3 Selectmens Drafts and monthly payments 
4 Overseers Drafts - - - - ditto 

5 County of Suffolk - - - - " 

6 Board of Health - - - - " 

7 Outstanding Debts - - " 

8 Treasurers Accounts of Faneuil Hall 

9 Accounts of Rents Annually received Amt g to $9142 
This sum will be increased this Year nearly $2000 
when all the Arangement of the Market is com- 
pleted 

The Committee have also examined the Accounts of the Agents 
for enlarging Faneuil Hall and find them well vouched ; the 
whole Amount of expences of the enlargement by particular Acct 
herewith handed in is $50692^^ which Expences have been in 
part paid by proceeds of Land on Fort Hill 16185 and Taxes 

last Year 10,000 26,185 

[329.] Selectmen have been empowered to sell ) 

Towns land near S Bridge for which they have > 11,000 

been offered ) 

Ballance provided for in the Estimate for this Year 19,507.67 

$56,692.67 



220 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

From the above Statement your Committee are of opinion 
that the Town raise Ninety Thousand Dollars to defray the Ex- 
pences of the Town for the present Year, all which they submit 
Your Committee have also heard the Agents on their claims for 
compensation for attending the enlargement of Faneuil Hall, and 
are of opinion that they ought to have allowed them 1 pet on 
the Amount which will be $566.92 



Joseph Russell | r^ tee 

Samuel Brown j 



The aforegoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put "Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affirmative 

Voted that the Sum of Ninety Thousand Dollars be raised by 
a Tax to be assessed on the Polls and Estates of the Inhabitants 
of this Town to defray the Expences of the Town the Current 
Year 

Voted that the Sum of Seven hundred & fifty Dollars be 
allowed and paid unto the Honb 1 Thomas Dawes Jur Esq for his 
Salary as Judge of the Municipal Court 

Voted, that the Honb 1 William Smith Esq be allowed and paid 
as Town Treasurer & Collector of Taxes for the present Year the 
sum of $1500 he to pay his Clerk, Assistant & Office hire, and 
all expences of Office. 

Voted, that the sum of 1000 Dollars be allowed and paid unto 
William Cooper for his Salary as Town Clerk the year ensuing 

Voted, that the Sum of 816 Dollars be allowed and paid to 
each of the three Assessors, for their services in that Office the 
Year ensuing 

Moved & Voted, that when this Meeting be adjourned it shall 
be to Wednesday the 8 th Day of July 10 OClock A : M : and the 
Inhabitants be informed thereof by Notification 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

[33O.] Town Met according to Adjournment July 8 10 
OClock A : M : 

The Committee relative to Mill Pond having notified the Select- 
men that they should not be ready to Report at this Adjournment, 
and they having informed the Inhabitants thereof in the public 
Prints 

It was Moved & Voted, that this Meeting be further Adjourned 
to Monday the 20 th July Inst* 10 OClock A : M : and that the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1807. 221 

Selectmen notify the Town thereof by Handbills dispersed 
amongst the Inhabitants 

Monday July 20 th 10 OClock A : M : Met according to 
adjournment and the Committee on Mill Pond not being ready to 
Report the Meeting was further adjourned to Meet on Monday 
the 3 d August 10 OClock A : M : 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Saturday the 4 th Day 
of July A : D : 1807 9 O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for calling Meeting Read 

William Cooper 
was chosen Moderator 

The Committee appointed last Year to make choice of a Gen- 
tleman to deliver an oration on the Anniversary of American 
Independence 

Reported that they had made choice of Peter Thatcher Esq 
who had accepted of the Appointment 

On Motion adjourned to Old South Church when 

AN ORATION 

to commemorate the Independence of the United States was 
deli vered by Peter Thatcher Esq at the Old South Church 

On Motion Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to wait 
on Peter Thatcher Esq, and in the Name of the Town to thank 
him for the elegant & spirited Oration this Day delivered by him 
at the request of the Town upon the [331] Anniversary of the 
Independence of the United States of America in which accord- 
ing to the Institution of the Town, he considered the manners 
feelings & principles which led to that great National Event 
and to Request of him a Copy thereof for the Press 

On Motion Voted, that the Gentlemen & Selectmen be and 
hereby are appointed a Committee to apply to some one learned 
& able Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 4 th of July A :D : 
1808 that Day being the Anniversary of the Independence of 
the United States of America wherein the Orator is to consider 
the feelings manners & principles which led to this Great 
National Event ; as well as the important & happy effects, 
whether General or Domestic which have already or will forever 
flow from that auspicious Epoch 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



222 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 16 th 
July A :D : 1807. 10 OClock A :M : 

Warrant for calling Meeting Read. 

Honb 1 John C Jones Esq 
chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote 

Communication from the Committee of Correspondence of the 
City of Norfolk Virginia laid before the Town by the Selectmen 
and after reading the same it was moved & Voted, that 

Honb 1 John Q Adams Esq 

Honb 1 Harrison G. Otis Esq 

Honb 1 William Eustis Esq 
[332.] Honb 1 Christopher Gore Esq 

Dr Charles Jarvis Esq 

Honb 1 John C Jones Esq 

Honb 1 T H Perkins Esq 

be a Committee to consider the Communication and to Report as 
soon as may be to the Inhabitants who will remain in Meeting to 
receive their Report 

The Town being informed that two Gentlemen of the Comm 66 
were not in Meeting it was moved & Voted that the 
Honb 1 Jon a Mason Esq 

Dr John Warren Esq 
be added to the Committee. 

In about an hour the Committee entered the Hall and made the 
following Report, by their Chairman M r Adams Viz 

Whereas by the Communication from Norfolk, Portsmouth & 
their vicinities, and the Proclamation of the President of the 
United States, it appears that the sovereignty of our Country has 
been insulted, and the lives of our Citizens sacrificed by the 
unjustifiable conduct of a British Armed Ship 

1 st Resolved, That we consider the unprovoked attack on the 
United States Armed Ship the Chesapeake by the British Ship of 
War, the Leopard, a wanton outrage upon the lives of our Fellow 
Citizens, a direct violation of our National honour and an 
infringement of our National Rights and Sovereignty 

2. Resolved, That we most sincerely approve the proclamation 
and the firm & dispassionate course of policy, pursued by the 
President of the United States, and we will cordially unite with 
our Fellow Citizens in affording effectual support to such measures 
as our Government may further adopt in the present crisis of our 
affairs 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1807. 223 

3. Resolved, That we remember with pride & pleasure the 
patriotic & spirited conduct of the Citizens of Norfolk, Ports- 
mouth, and their Vicinities, before the orders of the Government 
were known upon this momentous occasion, and they are entitled 
to the thanks and approbation of their Fellow Citizens throughout 
the Union 

[333.] 4 th Resolved, That the Selectmen be requested to 
return a suitable answer to the respectfull comunication from our 
Fellow Citizens of Norfolk with the proceedings of this Meeting. 

The Town were informed that the Committee were unanimous 
in their Report And the Question being put Whether this 
Report shall be accepted Passed in the affirmative unanimously, 
and with great applause 

The Moderator had the Thanks of the Town for his good 
services 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



Monday the 3 d Day of August 10 OClock A.M. Met according 
to Adjournment of May Meeting 

The Committee relative to the Mill Pond, Reported, and laid 
before the Town the Agreement or contract made with the Mill 
Proprietors the Report having been several times read A 
motion was made that the same be referred to an Adjournment 
of this Meeting & that the Report & Contract be printed & dis- 
tributed amongst the Inhabitants and the question being put it 
passed in the negative It was then moved that the Report of 
the Committee be now put for the acceptance of the Town & the 
motion being accordingly put it passed in the Affirmative by a 
vast majority 

The Report is as follows 

Boston July 24 1807 

The Commissioners appointed by your respectable Board in 
conformity to the object of their appointment and the powers 
with which they were invested have concluded a Contract with 
the Proprietors of the Boston Mill Corporation, subject to the 
ratification of the Town of Boston. 

In stipulating for a relinquishment of the rights and [334] 
claims of the Town to the Mill Pond : the following conditions 
are expressly secured Viz 

That all claims & controversies relative to Abutters on the 
Pond be settled by Arbitration or rule of Court if they cannot be 
otherwise satisfactorily adjusted 



224 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

That the Mill Creek be continued by the Proprietors of its 
present width to Charles River 

That the western Flood Gates, be restored and kept open so 
long as the Selectmen shall require 

That suitable accommodation be provided for the Baptist 
Churches pursuant to existing agreements between those Churches 
& the Proprietors 

That such common Sewers shall be carried through the Pond as 
the Selectmen shall direct. 

That the filling up the Pond shall be with such materials as the 
Selectmen shall approve 

That Streets shall be laid out & completed fit for paving 
according to a plan delineated by the Chairman of the Selectmen, 
under certain specified restrictions' 

That all necessary Bridges over any Canals that may be reserved 
shall be made at the expence of the Proprietors 

That a square of Land of One Acre filled up at or near the 
center of the Pond, be reserved for the use of the Town to be 
disposed of at their discretion 

That the whole Pond & Flatts appurtenant shall be filled up at 
the expence of the Proprietors within Twenty Years 

That one eight part of the whole Premises filled up shall be 
conveyed to the Town in fee simple free of all expences to the 
Town 

That one half of such part of the Premises as shall not within 
twenty Years be filled up or boxed so as to exclude the water in 
manner equivalent to filling up shall be and remain the sole 
property of the Town ; and finally, That the Town shall be 
indemnified from all expence, loss or damage from any of the 
operations of the Proprietors in the proposed improvements. 

[335.] Those stipulations which relate to the public ac- 
commodation were readily adjusted, It has been more dificult to 
determine the proportion of the property to which the Town 
should become entitled upon the release of the present conditions, 
and to regulate the manner of connection with the Proprietors 

Various views of the subject were presented to the consider- 
ation of the Commissioners, arising from mutual estimate pro- 
portions. The terms on which the actual adjustment is made, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1807. 225 

while they secure the execution of the contemplated improve- 
ments, in suitable manner & within a reasonable period of time 
will give certain pecuniary benefit to the Town, without risque or 
expence, This definite emolument with other collateral benefits, 
secured by the contract, the Commissioners conceive to be a fair 
equivalent for the Town's interest in the property, estimating that 
interest to be the one half of the present value of the premises. 
A greater nominal proportion might indeed have been obtained 
by becoming Joint Sharers in the Corporation but in the estima- 
tion of the Commissioners the terms on which they have decided 
present a more eligible basis, and the eventual profit will in their 
apprehension be equal if not superior to the advantages which 
might probably be derived from any connection with the concern 
by shares, that has been proposed 

The Contract has been carefully framed and it is presumed 
embraces every requisite for a definitive compromise and for 
the prevention of future controversy or misunderstanding between 
the Parties In this persuasion and with sincere wishes for a 
prosperous & satisfactory result of this intended enterprise we 
submit the Instrument that has been executed to the decision of 
our Constituents. 

We have the honour to be Gentlemen with great respect 

Your Obed 1 Servants 

by the Order of the ) John Davis Chairman 

Commissioners J 

The Selectmen of Boston 

[336.] On Motion Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby 
are authorised and fully empowered to carry the conditions of the 
aforementioned Agreement & Contract which has been ratified by 
the Town, into full effect 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to Joseph Russell 
Esq for the dispatch given the business of the May Meeting 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 9 th Day of 
December A :D : 1807 10 OClock A :M : 

Warrant for calling the Meeting ------- Read. 

Honbl Joseph Russell Esq 
chosen Moderator by a hand Vote 



226 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The Article in the Warrant viz " Upon the Application of 
a number of the Inhabitants to consider the petition & representa- 
tion of Perkins Nichols to the Town praying for consideration & 
indemnity for his losses on Building a Street across the Mill 
Pond " was read and debated whereupon it was moved 
That the said Petitioner have leave to withdraw his petition & rep- 
resentation and the Question being accordingly put Passed 
by a great majority in the Affirmative 

On Motion Voted that the Thanks of the Town be given to the 
Honbl Joseph. Russell Esq for his good services as Moderator. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



18O8. 

[337.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, duly qualified & legally warned, in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Monday 
the 14 th day of March Anno Domini 1808. 10. O'Clock A.M. 

Prayer was made by Rev. Dr. Eckley. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Sundry Laws or extracts of Laws to be read at this Meeting 
were according read. 

Hon. Joseph Russell Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their 
Votes for a Town Clerk, & the same being brought in & counted, 
it appeared that William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the 
year ensuing & took the oath of Office which was administered to 
him by Mr. Justice Bulfinch. 

A motion was made, but did not obtain That a Committee be 
chosen to assist the Selectmen in counting their Votes. 

Voted that the Poll for choice of Selectmen be closed at half 
past 12 Clock. 

The Inhabitants were desired to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for 9 Selectmen, & the same have having been brought in 
& counted; [338] it appeared that the following Gentlemen 
were chosen viz. 

Charles Bulfinch Esq. John May Esq 

David Tilden Esq Francis Wright Esq. 



BOSTOX TOWN RECORDS, 1808. 227 

William Porter Esq. Dea Joseph Kettle 

Mr. Eben r . Oliver Jonathan Chapman Esq. 

Jon a Hunnewell Esq (all Sworn) 

The Votes for a Town Treasurer & Collector of Taxes for the 
present year, being brought in & sorted, it appeared that 
William Smith Esq was chosen. 

Edward Proctor Esq. Mr Samuel Snelling 

Henry Hill Esq. Mr. Benj a . Goddard 

William Smith Esq. Sam 1 Clap Esq 

William Phillips Esq. Mr Ozias Goodwin 

Bedford Webster Esq. Mr. William Mackay 

Thomas Perkins Esq. Joseph Coolidge Jun r . Esq. 
were Chosen overseers of the Poor for the year ensuing. 

[339.] Thomas Melville Esq. Dan 1 Messinger Esq. 

Henry Jackson Esq. Mr Tho 8 Curtis 

Joseph May Esq. Josh a Davis Jun r Esq 

Andrew Cunningham Esq Benjamin Smith 

Joseph Head Esq. Benjamin Coates 

Thomas H Perkins Esq W m Sullivan 

Gen. John Winslow Mr Ignatius Sargent 

Stephen Codman Esq. Mr. Sam 1 . Sweet 

John Bray Esq. Bryant P. Tilden Esq. 

Mr Thomas Dennie Mr Edw d Cruft 

Gen. Simon Elliot Cap* Barker Baker 

Jonathan Hunnewell Esq Ja 8 . Phillips Esq. 

were chosen Fire Wards for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Ozias Goodwin & Henry Fowle had a Vote of thanks 
for their good services as Fire Wards the past year. 

Amasa Davis Esq Samuel Bradford Esq. having also declined 
serving as Fire- Wards, had the Thanks of the Town for their 
good & long services in that Office. 

Adjourned to 3 Ck P.M. 
3 O'Clock P.M. Town met. 

Voted, that in addition to the Selectmen 12 Persons shall now 
be chosen a /School Committee & the Votes being brought in & 
sorted it appeared that the following Gentlemen were Chosen 
viz. 

Kev. Joseph Eckley D.D. 

Dr. Thomas Welch 

Dr. Aaron Dexter 

Arnold Welles Esq. 

Rev. J. T. Kirkland 

William Smith Esq 



228 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

David Greene Esq. 

[34O.] Hon John Phillips Esq 

John Heard Esq . 
John Davis Esq. 
Rev. W m Emmerson 
Charles Davis Esq. 

Voted that the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are termed the School Committee be and hereby 
are directed to carry the new System of Education which has 
been adopted by the Town into operation, and said Committee 
are also authorized & empowered conjunctly to manage & regu- 
late the officers & the Government of the Schools, & in future to 
execute all the power, relative to the Schools and School Masters 
which the Selectmen or such Committees were authorized by the 
laws of the Commonwealth or the Votes of the Town to exercise 
any former Votes of the Town notwithstanding. 

Votes for a Treasurer of the County of Suffolk brought in & 
counted by the Moderator & Town Clerk ; when it appeared that 
the whole number was 293, and that they were all for Ebenezer 
Seaver Esq. a discreet suitable Person, and a Freeholder and 
Resident in said County and delivered return to Eben r Seaver 
for Court of Sessions. 

Messrs. Benj a . White, John Cogswell, Will" 1 . Clouston, 
William Ellison, John Butterfield, Nath 1 . Bradlee Jr, Noah 
Dogget, Caleb Coolidge, Braddock Loring, Edw d . Alline, Thomas 
Christy, William Green, Eleazer Homer, Joseph Stodder, Allen 
Bowker, Benjamin Rice, Will" 1 Ellison Ju r . were chosen Sur- 
veyors of boards & Shingles for the year ensuing. 

[341.] Messrs. Joseph Doble, Jonathan Gushing Thomas 
Barbour, James Ellison, Nath 1 . How, John Smith, Daniel Cutter, 
Gershom Spear, Charles Pook, Ziba Thayer, Hez h . Hudson & 
Benj a . Clark were chosen Cullers of dry Fish for the Year 
ensuing. 

Messrs Henry Purkett, Lemuel Gardner, Thomas Barbour & 
James Eunson were chosen Cullers of hoops & Staves for the 
year ensuing. 

Messrs. Benj a . White, Moses Ayres & William Ellison, were 
chosen Fence Viewers for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Barney Connor Jas. Cabbot, Joseph Bacon, John 
Deluce, Rufus Harrington, were chosen Hogreeves for the year 
ensuing. 

Messrs. Barney Connor Jas. Cabbot, Joseph Bacon, John 
Deluce, Rufus Harrington, were chosen Haywards for the Year 
ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1808. 229 

Messrs. Samuel Emmons & James Phillips were chosen sur- 
reyers of Hemp for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Edw d Tuckerman & Josiah Snelling were chosen sur- 
veyors of Wheat for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. John Wells & W m C. Hunneman were chosen Assay 
Masters for the year ensuing. 

The Selectmen ... were chosen Surveyors of Highways 
for the year ensuing 

Messrs Francis James & Silas Francis were chosen Inspectors 
of Lime for the year ensuing. 

[342.] The Petition of Mr Perkins Nichols "that the 
Town would agree with him upon the terms of completing Pond 
Street, & grant him such further Relief as may appertain to 
equity & Justice" was read & debated and the question 
being put Whether said Petition may be withdrawn passed in 
the Affirmative almost unanimously and in a very full Meeting. 

David Tilden Esq. having by Letter requested the Town that 
they would accept of his resignation as a Selectman, into which 
office he had been again chosen his request was accordingly 
granted and on Motion 

Voted, Unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be given 
him for his good & faithful Services as a Selectman for Thirteen 
years past. 

On Motion Adjourned to Monday the 28 th of March 10 
Clock A.M. 

Monday the 28 th of Marck 10 o'Clock AM. 
Met According to Adjournment. 

Deacon Kettell having declined serving further as a Select- 
man it was moved and Voted that the Thanks of the Town be 
given him for his good & faithful services while in Office. 

The Votes being brought in for two Selectmen in the room of 
David Tilden Esq. & Deacon Kettell who had resigned it 
appeared that 

Mr Nathan Webb - - - - 321 
Mr Joseph Foster - - - - 320 

were chosen. 

[343.] The Votes being brought in to fill the vacancy in the 
School Committee from the resignation of Rev. Doct 1 ' Eckley 
it appeared that 

Rev. William E. Channing was chosen unanimously. 



230 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be given the 
Rev 4 . Joseph Eckley D.D. for his good & faithful Services as one 
of the School Committee for a number of years past. 

The Votes, being brought in for one Fire Ward in the room of 
Mr Tilden, who declines serving, it appeared that 

Mr Nath 1 . Curtis was chosen unanimously. 

Mr Joseph Bacon having declined serving as a Hogreeve & 
Hayward into which office he had been chosen 

Mr Samuel Winchester was chosen a Hayward and Hogreeve 
for the Year ensuing. 

The business of March Meeting being finished, it was moved & 
Voted unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be given Joseph 
Russell Esq. for his good services in giving dispatch to the Busi- 
ness of the Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[344.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of 21 years of age and upwards, qualified as the Con- 
stitution prescribes & legally Warned in public Town Meeting 
Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 4 th day of April Anno 
Domini 1808. 9 "Clock A.M. 

Prayer was made by the Rev. Joseph Clay. 

The Town Clerk informed the Meeting that all the Gentlemen 
chosen Selectmen for the present year, had agreeable to a late 
act of the General Court qualified themselves for that office, by 
taking the following Oath viz. " That they would faithfully & 
impartially discharge the duties of their Office respecting all 
Elections, and the returns thereof" which Oath was administered 
to them by John Gardner Esq. Justice of the Peace. 

attest William Cooper Town Clerk. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraph of the Constitution or Frame of Government rela- 
tive to the Choice of Governor Lieu 1 . Governor & Senators - - 
read. 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Vote shall be 
received but such as are unfolded & that they propose the Poll 
shall be closed at 2 Clock P.M. the Bells to begin tolling at half 
past 1 oClock & to continue for half an hour. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1808. 231 

Persons Voted for as GOVERNOUE with the number of Votes 
for each Person, viz 

His Excellency James Sullivan Esq 2118. 

[345.] Hon bl ". Christopher Gore Esq. .... 2610 

Hon ble . Caleb Strong Esq. 3 

Hon ble . John Coffin Jones Esq. - 1 

Hon ble . John Adams Esq. 1 

Hon ble . Elbridge Gerry Esq 3 

Mr John Roulstone 1 

Persons Voted for as Lieu 1 . Governour with the number of 
Votes for each person viz. 

Hon ble . Levi Lincoln Esq 2119 

Hon ble . David Cobb Esq 2624 

Hon ble . John Q. Adams Esq 1 

Mr William Young - 1 

Persons Voted for as Senators, for the County of Suffolk, 
with the number of Votes for each person viz. 

Hon ble . Harrison G. Otis Esq. 2615 

Hon ble . William Spooner Esq 2622 

Hon. John Phillips Esq 2623 

Hon. Peter C. Brooks Esq 2620 

James Lloyd Jun r Esq 2623 

Hon. William Eustis Esq 2121 

David Tilden Esq 2119 

Samuel Brown Esq 2119 

Russell Sturgis Esq 2118 

Col. Edward Procter Esq 2118 

Stephen Codman Esq ------- 1 

John Welles Esq 1 

Hon Christopher Gore Esq 2 

Hon John C. Jones Esq 1 

Peter Thacher Esq 1 

[346.] Attested Copies or returns of the Persons Voted for 
as Governour, Leu*. Governour & Senators for the County of 
Suffolk sealed up in Town Meeting after the Vote had been 
declared, to be transmitted to the Secretary of the Common- 
wealth as prescribed by Law, and directed as follows viz. 

To Hon Jonathan L. Austin Esq. 

Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

The number of Votes of the Town of Boston for Governour 
Lieu*. Governour dbfiue /Senators for the County of Suffolk cer- 
tified within & sealed up in Town Meeting, after the Votes had 
been declared. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



232 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

[347.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of 21 years of age & upwards qualified as the Constitu- 
tion prescribes & legally warned in public Town Meeting 
Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 11 th of May Anno 
Domini 1808. 9 O'Clock A.M. 

The Meeting opened with Prayer by Rev. Mr. Buckminster. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

That part of the Constitution or Frame of Government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives read. 

The Town having determined by a Vote to choose 31 persons 
to represent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to be 
holden in the State House in Boston on the last Wednesday of 
May current, agreeable to the Constitution or Frame of Govern- 
ment for Massachusetts ; the Inhabitants were directed by the 
Selectmen to bring in their Votes for Representatives not exceed- 
ing 31. And then it was declared by the Selectmen that no 
Votes would be received by the Selectmen but such as are 
unfolded and untill the Name of the person entering shall be 
marked on the list by the Gentlemen assisting for that purpose 
from the several Wards & that they propose the Poll should 
be closed at past 2 oClock. the bells to begin tolling half an 
hour before & to continue untill the close of the Poll. 

[348.] The Votes being brought in for 31 Representatives, 
upon sorting them it appeared that the following Gentlemen were 
chosen, having obtained a Majority of the Votes viz 

Christopher Gore William Smith 

William Brown Jon a . Huunewell 

John Welles William Phillips 

Stephen Codman Benjamin Russell 

Daniel Sargent Tho 8 . W. Sumner 

John Callender Benj a . Goddard 

Benj a . Whitman John T. Apthorp 

Thomas Danforth Charles Davis 

Stephen Higginson J r . Charles Jackson 

Joseph Head Will 1 ". H. Sumner 

James Robinson Jon a . Chapman 

Benj a . Bussey Thomas Dennie 

Joseph Coolidge J r . Francis D. Channing 

Isaac P. Davis John Parker 

Eben r . T. Andrews Ignatius Sargent 
William Hammatt Esquires. 

The choice of Representatives was then declared by the Select- 
men. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1808. 233 

of those Voted for, who did not obtain a Choice, The following 

7 ' O 

Gentlemen had the number of Votes set against their respective 
names viz. 

William Eustis 1250 

Russell Sturgis 1249 

David Townsend 1249 

Dan 1 . Baxter 1248 

David Tildeu 1249 

Jon a . Harris 1249 

Caleb Bingham 1248 

Thomas Page 1248 

Ed. Procter 1249 

Jacob Rhoades 1249 

Eben r . Larkin 1248 

Will" 1 . Jarvis 1248 

The Meeting was then Dissolved. 



[349.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in pub- 
lic Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 
12 th day of May Anno Domini 1808. 10 "Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Stephen Codman Esq 
was chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for 6 Trustees for 
Towns land on the Neck in addition to the Selectmen who con- 
junctly are to lease & manage said lands in such manner as shall 
appear to them best for the Interest of the Town the Votes 
being brought in & sorted it appeared that 

Hon. William Browne Esq. 
Hon. William Phillips Esq. 

William Hammatt Esq. 
Gen 1 . John Winslow 

Joshua Davis Jun 1 ' Esq. 

Edw* 1 . Tuckerman Esq. 
were chosen. 

The Selectmen informed the Town that it would take further 
time, before they should be ready to report on the new Act rela- 
tive to Jurors. 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday the 13 th 
Day of June next 10 oClock A.M then to meet at this 
place. 



234 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



[35O.] Monday 13 h Day of June 1808. 10 Clk A.M. 
Met according to Adjournment. 

The Subscribers a Committee chosen by the Inhabitants March 
14 th 1808. to Audit the Accounts of the Town Treasurer, Over- 
seers of the Poor, Board of Health &c &c and to Report the sum 
necessary to be raised for the present year, having attended that 
service, beg leave to Report. 

They have examined the Accounts of the several departments 
& find right cast & well vouched Treasurers Accounts as 
follows 



-able - 
1803 - 


381.50 By Notes payable) 
1,026.51 for Money Borr d . j" 


26,706.98 


1804 - 


6,488.46 State Tax - - - 


19,543.33 


1805 - 


7,932.0 County Tax - - - 


11,641.85 


1806 - 


15,994.31 W m Tukesbury - - 


74.15 


1807 - 


51,111.64 Trustees for Neck") 


24. 




T ind 




1>*IIH I y 


ount 


169.21 Town Treasurer 


13,684.64 


Dolls 


83103.63 Outstanding Debts - 


11,428.65 






$83,103.60 



The Abatements on 1804, 1805 & 1806, have not been [paid] 
since making up the above Accounts, the Treasurer has received 
upwards of $17,000 Dollars, which has been paid to discharge 
part of the above sums. 

The Committee Report an Estimate for the Present Year 
as follows 



School Masters & 
Ushers ... 

Repairs of schools 
& Wood 

Town Watch - - 

Town Treasurer ") 
& Collector f 



Am b*. forw*. - - 22,400 

13,300 Three Assistants - 2,448 

Town Clerk - - - 1,000 

1,100 Constables services - 700 
6,500 Judge Municipal 

1,500 Court ' 75 

Doll 8 27,298 



22,400 



[351.] Amount brought over 27,298 

Police Officers - - 1,000 
Paving Streets - - 8,000 
Messenger & Door Keeper to Select- 
men ----- 400 

Engine Repairs & Premiums - - - 600 

Lamps, Oil & Lighting Lamps - - 5,000 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1808. 235 

Printing & Stationary ----- 400 

Overseers of the Poor 16,000 

Board of Health 5,000 

Bells & Clocks 400 

Incidental Charges ------ 1,902 



Doll 8 . 66,000 

From the above Statement your Committee are of opinion that 
the Town should raise Sixty Six Thousand Dollars to defray 
the expences of the Town the present year, all which is submitted 
by Joseph Russell. 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered the 
Question was put ' ' Whether the same shall be accepted " 
Passed in the Affirmative whereupon 

Voted, that the sum of Sixty Six Thousand Dollars be raised 
by a Tax to be Assessed on the Polls & Estates of the Inhabi- 
tants of this Town to defray the Expences of the Town the Cur- 
rent Year. 

Voted, that the sum of Seven hundred & fifty Dollars be 
allowed and paid unto the Hon bl . Thomas Dawes J r . Esq for his 
Salary as Judge of the Municipal [352] Court the present 
year. 

Voted, That the Hon Ue . William Smith Esq. Town Treasurer 
& Collector of Taxes the present year [should have] the sum of 
61500, he to pay his Clerk, Assistant Office hire, and all expences 
of Office. 

Voted, that the Sum of One Thousand Dollars be allowed & 
paid unto William Cooper for his Salary as Town Clerk, the year 
ensuing. 

Voted, that the sum of $816 be allowed & paid to each 
of the three Assessors, for their services in that Office the year 
ensuing. 

On Motion Adjourned to Monday 27 th of June Instant 
10. O'Clock A.M. in order to receive the Report of the Committee 
relative to regulating Jury Boxes. 

June 27 th 1808. 10 O'Clock A.M. Met according to Adjourn- 
ment. 

The late Law relative to Jurors was read 

The Selectmen Report and Present Lists of Persons in their 
opinion best qualified for the Jury Boxes One list for the 



236 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Grand & Traverse Jurors and the other list for the Petit Jurors, 
at the Court of Common Pleas They find the whole number of 
names to be 5,300 after deducting such persons as were 
excused by Law, of those they present a list of one quarter part, 
being 1306 for the first Box & 1447 for the Second Box. the 
same being accepted by the Town It was moved, and after 
debate Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee [353] to 
regulate the Jury Boxes, so as best to answer the intentions of 
the law. 

On Motion Voted, That in consideration of the Duties & 
services which devolve upon the Selectmen, Overseers of the 
Poor, Members of the Board of Health, Fire Wards & the 
Engine-men of this Town The Committee for revising & 
arranging the. lists for the Jury Boxes be directed to omit putting 
the names of all such persons in either of the Boxes. 

On Motion Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to 
Stephen Codman Esq. for his good services as Moderator in 
dispatching the business of the Meeting. - 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[354.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in Public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 4 th Day 
of July A.D. 1808. 9 O'Clock A.M. 

William Cooper chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed the last year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Inde- 
pendence, Reported, That they had chosen Andrew Ritchie Jun r . 
Esq. who has accepted of the Appointment 

Adjourned to the Old South Church 12 O'Clock noon. 

AN ORATION 

to commemorate the Independence of the United States was 
delivered by Andrew Ritchie Ju r . Esq. at the Old South Church 

On Motion Voted, That the Selectmen be a Committee to wait 
on Andrew Ritchie Jun r . Esq. and in the name of the Town to 
Thank him for the Elegant & Spirited Oration this day delivered 
by him at the request of the Town, upon the Anniversary of the 
Independence of the United States of America in which accord- 
ing to the Institution of the Town, he considered the manners, 
feelings & principles which led to that great National Event 
and to request of him a copy thereof for the Press. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1808. 237 

On Motion Voted, That [355] the Gentlemen, Selectmen be 
& hereby are appointed a Committee to apply to some able & 
learned Gentleman to deliver aa Oration the 4 th of July A.D. 
1809. that day being the Anniversary of the Independence of 
the United States of America, wherein the Orator is to consider 
the feelings, manners & principles which led to this great 
National Event; as well as the important & happy effects, 
whether general or Domestic which have already or will forever 
flow from that auspicious Epoch. 

Then the meeting was Dissolved. 



[356.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified in Public Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 9 th Day of 
August, 10 Clock A.M. 1808. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read. 

Joseph Russell Esq. 
chosen Moderator by a hand Vote not being present 

Stephen Codman Esq. 

was chosen Moderator by a hand Vote & took the Chair 
accordingly. 

The Petition for calling the Meeting read as also the Notifi- 
cation for said purpose, when the Hon 1 . Jonathan Mason Esq 
after a number of remarks on the subject offered the following 
Motion in the form of a Resolve viz 

Resolved, that it is expedient for this Town respectfully to 
Petition the President of the United States, to suspend the 
Embargo either wholly or partially according to the powers 
vested in him by the Congress of the United States ; or if any 
doubt should exist as to the sufficiency of those powers, that he 
be requested to call Congress together as soon as possible and 
that a Committee of seven be appointed to prepare & submit to 
the Town a petition in Conformity after a spirited debate of 
some length the Motion to adopt the Question as [357] pro- 
posed by Mr. Mason passed by a very great Majority. 

The following Gentlemen were then chosen on the Committee 
viz. 

Hon Jon a Mason Esq 

Mr Daniel Sargent 

Hou Christopher Gore Esq 

Arnold Wells Esq 
Hon John Phillips Esq 
Mr James Perkins 
Hon William Brown Esq 



238 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The Town then added the Moderator, Stephen Codman Esq and 
on Motion Adjourned to 4 oClock P.M. Then to receive the 
Report of the Committee. 

4 O'Clock P. M. Met according to Adjournment when the 
Committee Reported the following Memorial which was read from 
the Chair, and passed almost Unanimously. 

To the President of the United States. 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Boston in legal Town Meeting 
Assembled, beg leave respectfully to represent. 

That uniformly influenced by a sense of Patriotism, & a respect 
for the Constituted Authorities of their Country, they have sus- 
tained without opposition or complaint the embarassments & losses 
arising from the existing embargo on the vessells & export trade 
of [358] the United States : and they trust that the history of 
the revolutionary war, & the annals of the present government 
will furnish ample testimony of their readiness to make any per- 
sonal sacrifices & to endure any privations which the public 
welfare may truly require. 

That they are fully aware of the indispensable necessity of sup- 
porting at all times, the laws enacted by the Government of their 
choice. Under this impression they have refrained from express- 
ing the wishes they most sensibly feel for the removal of the 
Embargo, & but for the great events in Europe, which materially 
change the aspect of our foreign relations, they would yet silently 
wait for the Meeting of Congress, in the hope of obtaining from 
that Honourable Body relief from the pressure of this great cal- 
amity, which bears with peculiar weight on the Eastern States. 

Denied by nature those valuable & luxuriant Staples which 
constitute the riches of the south, they necessarily owe much of 
their prosperity under the Blessing of Heaven to their own enter- 
prize & Industry on the Ocean. 

It is therefore a duty as well as a right to avail themselves of 
every fair occasion which may offer, for procuring the removal 
of the existing restraints upon their maritime Commerce, more 
especially when this may be [359] Effected in a mode consistent 
with the laws & policy by which they were imposed. 

They therefore pray that the Embargo in whole or in part may 
be suspended according to the powers vested in the President by 
the Congress of the United States, & if any doubt should exist 
of the competency of those powers they would humbly request that 
the Congress may be convened as early as possible, for the pur- 
pose of taking the subject into their consideration 

It was then Voted, that the Selectmen in behalf of the Town 
transmit this Petition to the President of the United States. 

On Motion of Hon. William Brown Voted, that the Selectmen 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1809. 239 

be a Committee to communicate the proceedings of the Town to 
the Selectmen of the other Towns of the Commonwealth, and to 
request them, if they see fit, to lay the same before their several 
Town's for their concurrence. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to Stephen Cod- 
man Esq. Moderator of this Meeting for his good services 
therein. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[36O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned, in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 
the 7 th day of November, A.D. 1808. 9 oClock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev d Mr Huntington. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraph of a Resolve of the General Court for choosing one 
Representative for Suffolk district read. 

Bells to begin tolling at 2 Clock 

Poll to be closed at past two O' Clock, as declared by the 
Selectmen. 

Persons Voted for as a Representative for the Suffolk District 
in this Commonwealth in the next Congress of the United States 
viz. 

Hon ble Josiah Quincy Esq. Twenty five hundred & thirteen 
William Jarvis Jun. Thirteen hundred & ninety five 
Hon ble William Eustis Esq. Two, Tho 8 Lewis Jr. One. 

and declaration made thereof in Town Meeting by the Selectmen 
A return of the doings of this Meeting made out & put into the 
hands of Mr Sheriff Allen to be given to the Hon William Tudor 
Esq., Secretary of this Commonwealth, which return was conform- 
able to the one in the Town Officer. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



18O9. 

[361.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, duly qualified & legally warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 23 d 
Day of January A.D. 1809. 10 Clock Forenoon 



240 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

The Meeting was opened with prayer, by Dr Lathrop. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Col Perkins was chosen Moderator by a hand Vote having 
excused himself from sei-ving 

Stephen Codman Esq 
was chosen Moderator, & took the Chair Accordingly. 

Hon Tho 8 . H. Perkins presented a number of Resolutions, for 
the consideration of the Town 

A previous Motion of Dr. Eustis for a short Adjournment did 
not obtain. 

The Resolutions, being distinctly read and debate had 
thereon the Question was largely called for & being put 
Whether said Resolutions shall be accepted Passed in the Affir- 
mative by a very respectable majority. 

It was then moved & Voted that a Committee of seven be 
appointed to draw a Petition to the General Court conformable 
to said Resolutions Whereupon the Nominations being called 
for The following Gentlemen were chosen viz. 

[362.] Hon Thomas H. Perkins Esq. Hon J. C. Jones Esq. 
Hon Samuel Dexter Esq. Dr Joseph Warren Esq. 
William Sullivan Esq Hon Jon a Mason Esq 
Theodore Lyman Esq 

An Adjournment being moved Voted, that this Meeting be 
Adjourned to Tuesday next 10. O'Clock A.M. 

Tuesday Jan? 24 th 10. O'Clock A.M. Met according to 
Adjournment 

The Committee appointed on the Yesterday, to prepare a Peti- 
tion to the General Court, conformably to the Resolutions then 
passed Reported the following draft which being read & 
largely debated, was accepted by a large Majority of Citizens, 
in a crowded Assembly and is as follows viz. 

To the Honourable the Senate, & House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, The Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, in legal Town Meeting Assembled, respectfully 
represent. 

That they are constrained to apply to your Honourable Body, 
as the immediate guardians of their rights & liberties, for your 
interposition, to procure for them, relief from the greivances, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1809. 241 

which they now suffer, & those which they have reason to appre- 
hend, under the operation of the Laws of the General Govern- 
ment, abolishing foreign commerce, [363] and subjecting the 
coasting trade to embarrassments, which threaten its anni- 
hilation. 

That the provision of the Constitution of the United States 
which declares, that all powers, not expressly delegated to them, 
are reserved to the respective States, or to the People, we con- 
ceive to be a fundamental principle of the confederation. 

We submit to the consideration of the Legislature, whether 
this most important maxim has not been violated, by the passing 
of an Act, in the first instance permanently prohibiting foreign 
commerce, and thus subjecting this all important object of the 
National Government, to the pleasure of the Executive and one 
third part of the Senate. So extravagant an Exercise of Power 
was calculated to excite jealousy & alarm, and to rouse a spirit 
of opposition among a people, of thousands of whom it may be 
Affirmed that their home is on the Ocean, and with respect to all 
of whom, it is certain, that their prosperity, by the unchangeable 
circumstances of local situation, immemorial habits, and the 
established relations of society, is absolutely dependent on Com- 
m -rce. 

Your Memorialists were not, however swift to condemn, nor 
rash to violate the provisions of the first Act, they were on the 
contrary disposed to acquiesce in a measure [364] which, tho 
beyond their comprehension might have originated in circum- 
stances not disclosed to them. They trusted to the assurances 
of the Executive Message, that it was merely a measure of pre- 
caution ; and to the imperious necessities of the Nation, that its 
duration would be short. But as the projectors of this experi- 
ment advanced to the maturity of their system, the mask was 
gradually lifted ; and while official communications at home and 
abroad, insisted upon the merely pacific, and preservative charac- 
ter of the Embargo Laws, it was disclosed, from other sources, 
that their true features were those of hostility and coercion ; and 
the Administration, and their friends, no longer conceal, that the 
Embargo is "War in disguise," and is soon to be followed by 
open War. 

In the process of this experiment the truth of opinions which 
were at once familiar to the well informed and soon apparent to 
all, the folly of the supposition, that the commerce of the New 
World was indispensable to the existence, or even comfort, of 
Nations which had flourished many thousand years before its 
discovery, became sufficiently manifest to cover with confusion 
all its supporters, whose intellects were not infected by the pride 
of system, the passions of party, or by foreign predilection. To 
Great Britain the measure was not probably, unacceptable, as it 
has operated most Auspiciously upon [365] her Colonies, 
teaching them the fatal secret of their entire independence of our 
country, and stimulating them to a successful competition with 
us, in those branches of commerce, which have been almost ex- 



242 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

clusively our own. To France this abandonment of the Ocean, 
is grateful, as it is a substantial compliance with the mandates 
issued by her, to her Vassal Nations ; and in this view it has 
received the open approbation of the Emperor. 

Against Great Britain & France it is equally impotent as a 
measure of coercion ; but to our own country it is fraught with 
absolute destruction. It is our Country only that it deprives of 
H commerce, which after having been long suspended, may be 
irrecoverably lost. It is our Country alone, that must be con- 
vulsed, and rent, by the dissensions growing out of this unprec- 
edented system of violence, imposed by one section of the Union 
upon the other. It is by our Country only, that this system 
must be felt & deprecated, as a Judgment of God, decending on 
a Nation through the infatuation of its Rulers. 

Your memorialists beg leave further to remind your Honour- 
able Body, that the National Government not content with abol- 
ishing by standing laws, that commerce which it is one of their 
principal [366] functions to protect, have thought themselves 
authorized to resort to those means of compelling obedience which 
are never necessary, except when despotism opposes its terrors 
to the established habits and opinions of a people. A late Act 
has accordingly been passed for enforcing the Embargo, the provi- 
sions of which are so repugnant to the Constitution and to the 
first principles of a free Government, that on this subject your 
Memorialists want language to express their grief and abhor- 
rence. 

Under colour of this Law, a Citizen is subjected to penalties, 
and forfitures, though not privy to any breach of its provisions. 
He may be charged with, & convicted, of crimes and Offences, 
though innocent of intentions to commit them. He is subject to 
unreasonable searches, & seizures of property, upon mere suspi- 
cion of an intention to violate the Law, and the discretion of an 
interested Officer is the standard, by which the reasonableness of 
the suspicion must be tested. His Vessels, his Warehouse, the 
most secret, and sacred depositories of his property & effects, 
not excepting his Habitation, are liable to be ransacked, upon 
mere suspicion by a military force under general instructions 
from the President of the United States ; and when by the act of 
God, he is prevented from complying with the requisitions of the 
statute, [367] he is deprived of the benefit of his tryal by Jury 
(unless he can furnish a species of evidence, which will be in 
most cases, impossible) and must rely for mercy upon the mere 
will and pleasure of an individual dependent on Executive favour. 

In short as the Act alluded to will be before your Honours, it 
is superfluous to swell the grevious commentary to which every 
section is fairly liable. We in all duty & humility, therefore, 
call your attention to it as an Act oppressive beyond any prec- 
edent in this country, and requiring from us the exercise of all 
the patience, & moderation, of all the self-denial, and sacrifice 
of feeling to our love of order and respect for the Authority of 
the Government of the Union, of which we are capable. We 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1809. 243 

are unable to assign any adequate motive that could have led our 
rulers to the adoption of the measures which we have stated, 
excepting a deliberate determination to pursue a system, which 
might involve us in such calamities, as seem to make a war 
inevitable without such motive they could have no interest in pro- 
ducing unnecessary sacrifices and violations of principle when 
we view the course of measures, which the Government of the 
United States have of late pursued, and listen to the declaration 
made by its advocates, that war is inevitable, we are reluctantly 
driven to the conclusion that it has been predetermined [368] 
on & sought ; and that less regard is paid to the necessity or 
justice of this war, than to its subserviency to the views of the 
dominant party. 

But against whom is this war to be waged ? undoubtedly against 
Great Britain. For under whatever aspect of hostility, towards 
both of the Belligerents, war may be commenced, it is most mani- 
fest that it would be continued against one only, and it is but 
too probable, that it would soon involve an alliance with the other. 
The effects of such an alliance with a nation, whose only distinc- 
tion between friends and enemies, consists in heaping upon the 
former, the greatest weight of injuries, and oppression, is so well 
depicted in the history of our own times, as to require no illustra- 
tion from us. with such an ally every victory would be deplored 
as a defeat; & final success would be certain ruin. 

Thus situated, our hope & consolation rest with the Legislature 
of our state, to whom it is competent to devise means of relief 
against unconstitutional measures of the General Government. 

That your powers are adequate to this object is evident from 
the organization of the confederacy ; and is admited in the 
elementary treatise upon the Federal constitution written, in part, 
by the President of these States 

We refrain from suggesting Expedients : but we rely on you 
to show, that while Massachusetts is second to none of the States 
in her attachment to the Union, Liberties & honour of the Nation, 
she cannot [369] admit the right, assumed by the National 
Government of compelling her to abandon the Ocean to renounce 
commerce, to change the habits of her industry, and submit to be 
the victim of a desolating policy ; but above all we do confidently 
rely on you, to convince our National Rulers, that we ought not, 
and cannot submit to be plunged into a ruinous, & unnecessary 
war with any European Nation. 

We solemnly pledge ourselves, and everything dear to Free- 
men, to support whatever measures the Legislature of this Com- 
monwealth may think proper to adopt to preserve the rights & 
Liberties of our Country. 

T. H. Perkins per Order 

It was then moved & Voted, that the Gentlemen, the Selectmen 
be a Committee to present this Petition to the Legislature in 
behalf of the Town. 



244 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Cap*. Daniel Sargent then arose & offered the following addi- 
tional Resolutions, which he read in his place, & which being 
seconded and presented to the Chair they were then read by the 
Moderator, & passed without debate. viz. 

Whereas the Inhabitants of the Town have expressed, in their 
Memorial to the Legislature of this State," their opinions on the 
aspect of our national affairs to the general system of Policy 
adopted by the National Government, [37O] and whatever 
difference of opinion may have heretofore existed on these sub- 
jects, yet all men who value personal security and civil Liberty, 
must now concur in reprobating the arbitrary, unjust, & tyrannical 
provisions of the act passed on the ninth of this month, for en- 
forcing the Embargo Laws ; and it is therefore expedient to 
declare more fully the sentiments & feelings of the Town on this 
subject ; And, Whereas, this act is in many respects repugnant 
to the Constitution of the U. States, the State Constitution, and 
to the fundamental principles of all free Governments ; 

Inasmuch, as the enjoyment and use of our property, instead of 
being defined & protected by " /Standing Laws" are subjected 
to the arbitrary will of the President, & to the caprice, the igno- 
rance or malevolence of Officers, who may be appointed by him, 
who are authorized to refuse to one Citizen what is permitted to 
another, and to interdict at one time what was allowable & 
lawful at another : 

Instead of being "secure from unreasonable searches and 
seizures," we are exposed to the arbitrary power of those officers 
who, at their own discretion, or according, to secret instructions 
which they are bound to obey, are authorized to violate all our 
possessions, to seize any property which they may think fit to 
consider suspicious, and detain it untill bonds are given to any 
amount which they may choose to require. 

[371.] An attempt is even made to deprive us of all remedy 
by having recourse to the laws and Courts of Justice, where if we 
complain of injuries committed under this act, by an officer of the 
United States, he is to be justified and defended not according to 
published and " Standing Laws " but by secret & changeable in- 
structions from the President. By this act one Citizen is liable 
to be seriously punished for the conduct of another, with whom, 
he has no connection whatever, and over whom he has no 
control. 

Owners of vessels laden under the inspection of Custom house 
officers, with special per mis si on of the Collectors, and the express 
sanction of the Laws are now treated as offenders, & subjected to 
heavy pecuniary penalties and losses, & are liable even to forfeit 
the whole, in consequences of a proceeding which was at the time 
lawful and justifiable. When exposed by inevitable accident to 
the rigorous penalties of this act, the citizen is required to excul- 
pate himself by a species of evidence, in many cases impossible to 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1809. 245 

be produced, and is then left to sue for mercy and pardon to the 
STAR CHAMBER decisions of an Executive officer. And 
finally, By this Act our property may be seized and detained by 
military force ; thereby preventing a resort to the civil tribunals 
& laws of the Country, and destroying subordination of the 
military to the civil Authority; the standing Army & Militia 
may be employed for this purpose [372] by any petty officer 
empowered by the Administration, who may thus at their 
pleasure involve us in all the horrors of a civil war, or expose us 
to the more dreadful alternative of a Military Despotism. 

Therefore Resolved, That we will not voluntarily aid or assist in 
the execution of the Act passed on the ninth day of this month, 
for enforcing the several Embargo Laws ; and all those who shall 
assist in enforcing on others the arbitrary & unconstitutional 
provisions of this act, ought to be considered as enemies to the 
Constitution of the United States and of this State, and hostile 
to the Liberties of this People. 

Resolved, That the raising a large standing Army in a time of 
profound peace with the name and title of " Volunteers" for the 
purpose of enforcing Arbitrary & unconstitutional Laws, & the 
attempt to place the Military above the civil authority though 
it cannot overaw or dismay this great & powerful People yet 
must be considered as dangerous to Liberty & ought to call forth 
the most pointed disapprobation of all its friends. 

Resolved, That the example given by that veteran Soldier Gen 1 . 
Lincoln, & other undeviating Patriots, in resigning Offices in- 
tended to be prostituted to subserve the purposes of oppressing 
the citizens, and enforcing arbitrary edicts, ought to be imi- 
tated by all Public officers, and that the Inhabitants of this Town 
consider it an highly honourable [373] sacrifice of individual 
emolument to Public welfare. Voted, that these Resolutions be 
adopted by the Town and printed in the public Papers. 

attest William Cooper Town Clerk. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to Stephen 
Codman Esq Moderator of this Meeting for his good Services 
therein. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[374.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, duly qualified & legally warned in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Monday the 
13 th day of March Anno Domini 1809. 10 O'Clock A.M. 

Prayer made by Rev d . Mr. Cary. 
Warrant for calling this Meeting read. 



246 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Sundry Laws or extracts of Laws to be read at this Meeting 
were accordingly read. 

Joseph Russell Esq. 
chosen Moderator, by a hand Vote & took the Chair. 

William Cooper 

was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensuing & took the oath of 
Office, which was Administered to him by Charles Bulflnch Esq. 

Votes having been brought in for nine Selectmen, counted & 
sorted, it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen, 
viz. 

Charles Bulfinch Esq. Mr. Benjamin Weld 

Mr Eben 1 '. Oliver, William Porter Esq 

John May Esq. Jon a . Hunnewell Esq 

Mr Nathan Webb Francis Wright Esq 

Mr. Joseph Foster. 

The Votes for a Town Treasurer & Collector of Taxes for the 
present year, being brought in & sorted, it appeared that 

William Smith Esq. 
was chosen. 

[375.] The Votes being brought in for Overseers of the 
Poor, it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen 
viz. 

Edward Procter Esq. Henry Hill Esq 

William Smith Esq. William Phillips Esq 

Bedford Webster Esq. Thomas Perkins Esq. 

Mr. Samuel Snelling Samuel Clap Esq 

Mr. Ozias Goodwin Mr William Mackay 

Joseph Coolidge Ju r . Esq. Mr Jos Richards 

Mr Benjamin Goddard, having declined serving, it was Voted, 
That the Thanks of the Town be given him for his good services, 
while in that Office. 

Thomas Melville Esq. Joseph May Esq. 

And w . Cunningham Esq. Joseph Head Esq. 

Thomas H Perkins Esq. Gen. John Winslow 

Stephen Codman Esq. John Bray Esq. 

Mr Thomas Dennie Gen Simon Elliot 

Jon a . Hunnewell Esq. Dan 1 . Messinger Esq 

Mr. Thomas Curtis Joshua Davis Ju r . Esq. 

Benj a . Smith Mr. Benjamin Coates 

William Sullivan Esq. Mr. Ignatius Sargent 

Mr. Samuel Sweet Mr. Edward Cruft 

Cap 1 . Barker Baker James Phillips Esq 

Bryant P. Tilden Esq. Nathaniel Curtis 
were chosen Fire Wards for the year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1809. 247 

Voted, that in addition to the Selectmen 12 persons shall now 
be chosen a SCHOOL COMMITTEE & the Votes being brought in & 
sorted, it [376] appeared that the following Gentlemen were 
chosen viz 

Rev Joseph Eckley D. D. 
Rev. J. T. Kirkland D. D. 
William Smith Esq. 
David Greene Esq 
Rev William Einmerson 
Charles Davis Esq. 
Dr. Thomas Welsh 
Dr. Aaron Dexter 
Arnold Welles Esq 
Hon. John Phillips Esq 
John Heard Esq 
John Davis Esq. 

Voted, that the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are termed the School Committee, be and hereby 
are directed to carry the new System of Education which has 
been adopted by the Town, into operation, and said Committee 
are also, authorized empowered conjunctly to manage & regu- 
late the Officers & the Government of the Schools & in future to 
execute all the powers relative to the Schools, & School Masters, 
which the Selectmen or such Committees were Authorized by the 
Laws of the Commonwealth or the votes of the Town to exer- 
cise any former Votes of the Town notwithstanding. 

Votes for a Treasurer of the County of Suffolk brought in & 
counted by the Moderator & Town Clerk when it appeared that 
the whole number was 247 & that they were all for Ebenezer 
Seaver Esq a discreet and suitable person, & a Freeholder & 
resident in said County. 

Messrs. William Clouston Messrs. Thomas Christie 

John Butterfield [377.] William Green 

Noah Dogget Joseph Stodder 

Edward Allen Braddock Loring 

Benjamin White John Rice 

William Ellison Eleazer Homer 

Nath 1 . Bradley Ju r Allen Bowker 

William Ellison Ju r Nath 1 . Glover 

John Howe Ju r 
were chosen surveyors of Boards & Shingles. 

Messrs. Henry Purkett 

Mr. Thomas Barbour 
Cap*. Lem 1 . Gardner 
James Uran 
were chosen Cullers of Hoops & Staves for the year eusuing. 



248 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Messrs. Joseph Doble Messrs. Jon a . Gushing 

Thomas Barbour James Eunson 

Nath 1 . Howe John Smith 

Benj a . Clark Dan 1 . Cutter 

Gershom Spear Charles Pook 

Ziba Thayer Hezek h . Hudson 
were chosen Cullers of dry Fish for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Benjamin White 

Thomas Hearsey Ju r . 
William Ellison 
were chosen Fence Viewers for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Barney Connor Messrs. Israel Mead J r . 

John Deluce Joseph Gobbet 

Rufus Harrington 
were chosen Hogreeves for the year ensuing. 

Mess Barney Conner Mess John Deluce 

Joseph Cobbet Rufus Harrington 

Israel Mead Jr. 
were chosen Haywards for the year ensuing. , 

Meesrs. Sam 1 . Emmons 

Ja 8 . Phillips 
were chosen surveyors of Hemp for the year ensuing. 

[378.] Messrs. Edw d . Tuckerman 

Josiah Snelling 
were chosen surveyors of wheat for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. John Wells 

Rich d . Austin 
were chosen Assay Masters for the year ensuing. 

The Selectmen 
were chosen Surveyors of High Ways for the Year ensuing. 

Messrs. Francis James 

Silas Francis 
were chosen Inspectors of Lime for the year ensuing. 

Voted, Joseph Russell Esq., Sam 1 . Brown Esq. & William 
Brown Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to audit the Accounts 
of the Town Treasurer, & also those of the Overseers of the 
Poor ; & the Board of Health, and said Committee are directed 
to report the sum necessary to be raised for the Services of the 
present year. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1809. 249 

Voted, That the consideration of all money matters be referred 
to May Meeting Also any other matter which may remain 
unfinished at this Meeting. 

Jonathan Chapman Esq r . having resigned his seat as a 
Selectman 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given unto Him for 
his good & faithful services in that office for years past. 

The Article in the Warrant viz. " To appoint Agents or 
Attornies .with Powers to carry into full [379] effect the Condi- 
tions of the Lease of the Old State House." was read & con- 
sidered, Whereupon Voted That the Selectmen be and they hereby 
are appointed Agents & Attornies in behalf of the Town, with 
full powers to carry into complete effect the Conditions of the 
Lease of the Old State House. 

The Article in the Warrant viz " to adopt such measures as 
may be considered expedient relative to the Claim of Mr. John 
Leverett to part of the Land on which the Alms house stands " 
read & considered when it was Voted, 

That the Selectmen be and hereby are authorized to make such 
settlement of the claims of the Heirs of Mr. Leverett to a part of 
the land on which the Alms House stands by compromise or 
otherwise as they may find expedient : and that if an extinguish- 
ment of said claims cannot be obtained upon equitable terms & 
the same should be adjudged valid in Law ; they are hereby 
authorized to remove any part of said House, & repair the same 
at the expence of the Town. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby are given the 
Moderator of this Meeting, for his good services in dispatching 
the business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[38O.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of 21 years of Age and upwards, qualified as the Con- 
stitution prescribes & legally warned in public Town Meeting 
Assembled at Fineuil Hall on Monday the 3 d . Day of April Anno 
Dom. 1809. [10?] O'Clock A.M. 

Prayer, by the Rev. Mr. Holly. 

The Town Clerk informed the Meeting, that all the Gentlemen 
chosen Selectmen for the present year, had agreeable to a late 



250 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Act of the General Court, qualified themselves for that office, by 
taking the following Oath viz. " That they would faithfully & 
impartially discharge the duties of that Office respecting all Elec- 
tions & the returns thereof" which Oath was Administered to 
them by Mr. Justice Stevenson. 

attest William Cooper Town Clerk. 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting. read. 

Paragraph of the Constitution or Frame of Government rela- 
tive to the choice of Governour, Lieu*. Governours & Senators 
was read. 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Vote shall be 
received, but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the poll 
to be closed at [blank] O'Clock P.M. the Bells to begin tolling at 
[blank] and to continue for an hour. 

[381.] Persons Voted for as GOVERNOUR with the num- 
ber of Votes for each person viz . 

Votes 
His Honor Levi Lincoln Esq - - - - - 1952 

Hon bl . Christopher Gore Esq 2982 

Hon w . Elbridge Gerry Esq 3 

Hon bl . H. G. Otis Esq 3 

Hon bl . T. Sedgwick Esq 1 

Hon bl . J. Parker Esq 1 

Hon bl . D. Cobb Esq 1 

Cap 1 . Thomas Webb 1 

Hon b . John Q. Adams - 1 

Persons Voted for as LIEU T . GOVERNOUR, with the number of 
Votes for each Person viz. 

Votes 

Hon bl . David Cobb Esq 2994 

Hon bl . J. B. Varnum 1958 

Mr. Joseph Noyes 1 

Persons Voted for as Senators for the County of Suffolk with 
the number of Votes for each Person viz. 

Votes 

Hon. Harrison G. Otis Esq. - - 2995 

Hon. William Spooner Esq 2987 

Hon. John Phillips Esq 2996 

Hon. Peter C. Brooks 2998 

John Welles Esq 2996 

Hon. David Tilden Esq 1946 

Samuel Brown Esq 1946 

Russell Sturgis Esq. 1943 

Edward Procter Esq 1944 

Samuel Clap Esq 1942 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1809. 251 

[382.] Hon. John C. Jones 5 

William Sullivan Esq ------- 5 

Daniel Sargent Esq 3 

Hon. William Brown Esq ------- 2 

Jonathan Hunnewell Esq 1 

G. Cabot 1. Stephen Codman Esq. 1. 
John Lowell 1. J. P. Davis 1. 
Stephen Higginson Esq. 1. T. H. Perkins 1. 
C. Jackson 1. J. Q. Adams 1. C. Gore 1. 
E. Gerry 1. Jon a . Harris 1. S. Procter 1. 

Attested Copies of return of the Persons Voted for as GOV- 
ERNOUR Lieu'. GOVERNOUR & SENATORS for the County of Suffolk 
Sealed up in Town Meeting after the Vote had been declared, to 
be transmitted to the Secretary of the Commonwealth as pre- 
scribed by Law & directed as follows, viz 

To Hon ble . William Tudor Esq. 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The number of Votes of the Town of Boston for Governour 
Lieu 1 . Governour & five Senators for the County of Suffolk Cer- 
tified within & sealed up in Town Meeting after the Votes had 
been declared. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[383.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of 21 years of age & upwards qualified as the Consti- 
tution prescribes and legally warned in Public Town Meeting 
assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 17 th Day of May 
Anno Domini 1809. 9 O'Clock A M. 

The Meeting opened with Prayer by Rev. Dr. Eliot. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

That part of the Constitution or Frame of Government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives Read 

The Return of the Assessors signifying that the Major & 
Minor Rateable Polls of this Town for the Present year, were 
8368 being also read The Inhabitants were then directed by 
the Selectmen to bring in their Votes for Representatives ; not 
exceeding 37 and that they propose the Poll shall be closed at 
past 2 oClk P.M the Bells to begin tolling at past 1 
oClock & to continue to the close of the Poll. 

The Votes being brought in for 37 Representatives, upon sorting 



252 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

them it appeared, that the following Gentlemen were chosen 
having obtained a majority of the Votes viz. 

William Smith Francis Wright 

James Robinson Nathan AVebb 

William Phillips Jacob Welsh 

Daniel Sargent Ephraim Thayer 

John Callender Warren Button 

William Brown George G. Lee 

Jonathan Hunnewell Charles Davis 

Benj a . Russell Thomas Dennie 

Tho 8 . W. Sumner John Parker 

Benj a . Whitman Eben r . T. Andrews 

[384.] John T. Apthorp Francis D. Channing 

William Hammatt Simon Elliot 

Benj a . Bnssey William Sullivan 

Joseph Head Daniel Messinger 

Charles Jackson Josiah Knapp 

William H. Sumner Oliver Keating 

Benj a . Weld Samuel Cobb 

Joseph McKean William Walter 
David West 

The choice of Representatives having been declared by the 
Selectmen 

The Meeting was then Dissolved. 



[385.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned, in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday 
the 18 th Day of May A.D. 1809. 10 oClk A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Joseph Russell Esq. 
was chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for 6 Trustees for Towns Land on the Neck in addition to 
the Selectmen who conjunctly are to Lease & manage said lands 
in such manner as shall appear to them, to be best for the Inter- 
est of the Town the Votes being brought in and sorted, it 
appeared that 

Gen 1 . John Winslow Hon. William Brown Esq 

Joshua Davis Jun r . Esq Hon. William Phillips Esq 

Edward Tuckerman Esq William Hammatt Esq 
were chosen. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1809. 



253 



On Motion, Michael Homer, 

was chosen an Inspector of Lime, in addition to the two chosen 
in March. 

John Smith 

a surveyor of Hoops & Staves in addition. 

[386.] The Article in the Warrant Viz. "To consider the 
expediency of repealing the By Law of the Town which directs 
that Bulls shpuld be kept on the Common" read & considered 
& thereupon Ordered, that the Selectmen shall cause two or 
more Bulls to be provided & kept in such Stable yard or other 
inclosed place as they shall judge convenient ; and shall appoint 
some suitable person to have the care, management and main- 
tenance of them, and such person shall receive Annually from 
the owner of each Cow kept in the Town the sum of One Dollar. 

The Subscribers a Committee chosen by the Town March 13 th 
1809. to audit the Accounts of the Town Treasurer, Overseers of 
the Poor, Board of health &c &c And to report the sum neces- 
sary to be raised for the present year, having attended that 
service ask leave to Report 

They have examined the Accounts of the several Departments, 
& find them right cast & well Vouched 



The Treasurer as follows 

To Notes Receivable 381.50 

To due on Tax 1803 770.93 

ToD. - - 1804 2965.72 

To D - - 1805 4827.16 

To D - - 1806 10951.99 

To D - - 1807 15869.60 

ToD. - - 1808 33011:53 
To T. Treasurer ba! 

his % - - - - 20063.28 
To Cash on hand 1 7 

May --- - 201.82 



By Notes for Money j 

Borrowed - - - j 
By State Tax - - 2299. 
By County Tax - - 
By outstanding 

Debts 

By Mr Tukesbury - 
By Trustees of Neck 



5 
9793.40 

18428.19 

- 74.15 

- 92.16 



$89,043.53 



$89043.53 



[387.] The Abatement on several of the Taxes have not 
been made, when they are, they will be deducted from the several 
sums due for Taxes, these Accounts were made up to May 1 st 
since which the Treasurer has received a considerable amount & 
paid it away to discharge the balance due from the Town. 

The Committee Report an Estimate for the present year as 
follows. 



254 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

School Masters & Ushers 13,300 

Repairs of Schools & Wood 1,100 

Town Watch 6,500 

Town Treasurers Salary 1,500 

Three Assessors 816 each 2,450 

Town Clerk -. 1,000 

Police Officers 1,100 

Constables Services - - 500 

Paving Streets 10,000 

Judge of Municipal Court 750 

Messenger of Selectmen '-- 300 

Door Keeper 100 

Engine Repairs & premiums 600 

Lamps & Lighting 7,000 

Printing & Stationery ----- - - - 400 

Incidental Charges 2,000 

Bells & Clock 400 



49,000 

For Overseers of the Poor 20,000 

For the Board of Health 5,000 



Dol 8 . 74,000 

From the above statement your Committee are of Opinion that 
the Town should raise $70,000, to defrey the Expences of the 
present year all which is submitted 

Jos. Russell P r . order. 

[388.] The aforegoing Report having been read and consid- 
ered, was accepted by the Town whereupon 

Voted, that the sum of Seventy thousand Dollars be raised by 
a Tax to be assessed on the Polls and Estates of the Inhabitants 
of the Town to defray the Expences of the Town the Current 
year. 

Voted, That the 'Sum of Seven hundred & fifty Doll 8 , be allowed 
& paid unto the Hon. Thomas Dawes Esq for his Salary as 
Judge of the Municipal Court the present year. 

Voted, That the sum of Fifteen hundred Dollars, be allowed & 
paid unto William Smith Esq as Treasurer & Collector of Taxes 
the present year he to pay his Clerk, Assistant, Office hire & 
all other expence of Office. 

Voted, That the Sum of One Thousand Dollars, be Allowed & 
paid unto William Cooper for his Salary as Town Clerk the 
year ensuing. 

Voted, That the sum of Eight hundred & Sixteen Dollars, be 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1809. 255 

allowed & paid unto each of the three Assessors for their ser- 
vices in that office the year ensuing. 

Voted, That the Selectmen publish the Expence of the year as 
usual. 

The article in the Warrant Viz*. "To consider the application 
of the Justices of the Court of Sessions that the Town would grant 
a piece of Land back of the School House in School Street, to 
build a New Court house upon was read & considered Where- 
upon 

[389.] Voted, That the Memorial from the Court of Sessions 
be referred to the Selectmen, and that they be authorized if they 
think it for the Interest of the Town, to convey any portion of 
the Towns Land mentioned in said Memorial upon such condi- 
tions as they shall think proper. 

The Article in the Warrant viz " To ratify the proceedings of 
the Selectmen relative to Mill Pond, and to grant such further 
Powers as may be necessary to open & connect the new Streets 
tn the Pond " was read, as also the Communication of the Select- 
men on the same subject, which being approved of & accepted 
by the Town it was Voted, 

That the Selectmen be and hereby are empowered by the Town, 
to exchange such portion of the Towns part of the Lands in the 
Mill Pond as may be necessary and expedient in their opinion, 
to open and widen the Avenues to the new Streets in the Pond. 

On Motion Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to 
Joseph Russell Esq for his good services as Moderator in for- 
warding the business of the Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[39O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 4 th Day of 
July A :D : 1809. 9 oClock A.M. - 

William Cooper Chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed the last Year to made choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Indepen- 
dence 

Reported That they had chosen William Tudor Jun r . Esq. who 
has accepted of the appointment. 



256 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



AN ORATION 

to commemorate the Independence of the United States was 
delivered by William Tudor Jur. Esq. 

On Motion VOTED, That the Selectmen be a Committee to wait 
on William Tudor J 1 '. Esq & in the Name of the Town to thank 
him for his elegant and Spirited Oration this Day delivered by 
him at the request of the Town, upon the anniversary of the 
Independence of the United States of America, in which accord- 
ing to the instruction of the Town the feelings and principles 
which led to that great National event and to request of him 
a Copy thereof for the Press. 

On Motion VOTED that the Gentlemen Selectmen be and hereby 
are appointed a Committee to apply to some able & learned 
[391] Gentleman to deliver an Oration the 4 th of July 1810. - 
That Day being the Anniversary of the Independence of the 
United States of America ; wherein the Orator is to consider the 
feelings manners & principles which led to this great National 
Event ; as well as the important and happy Effects, whether 
General or Domestic, which have already, or will forever flow 
from that Auspicious Epoch. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[392.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally Warned in 
Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday 
the 2 d . Day of August A. D. 1809 10 oClock 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Daniel Sargent Esq was chosen Moderator, by a hand Vote. 

Agreably to the Notification in the Warrant for calling this 
Meeting, the Inhabitants were directed to "bring in their Votes 
for a suitable Person to appear as an Advocate in the Municipal 
Court & to conduct the prosecutions therein." the Votes being 
accordingly brought in & sorted, it appeared that Peter Thacher 
Esq was chosen Town Advocate. 

The other Article in the Warrant Viz. "To consider the 
expediency of encouraging the continuation of Front-Street, from 
its present termination at the South Bridge, to the end of the 
Brush Hill Turnpike, near the Roxbury Canal, by a grant to 
the undertakers of part of the land on the Neck, which will 
border on said Street." was read & debated whereupon it was 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1809. 257 

moved, & Voted, that a Committee of seven persons be chosen to 
investigate & consider this matter and make Report thereon 
at some further Meeting. 

The Votes being accordingly brought in, it appeared that the 
following Gentlemen were chosen a Committee for this business. 
viz. 

[393.] William Parsons Esq. John Joy 

Judge Davis Cap 1 Barnard 

Bedford Webster Hon. John Phillips Esq. 

Mr William Hammatt 

On Motion Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to Daniel Sargent Esq for his good services as Moder- 
ator of the Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[394.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally Warned in 
Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 
the 6 th day of November 1809. 10 O'Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Joseph Russell Esq. 
chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 

Report of the Committee for calling the Meeting read. 
Also the proposals of the Selectmen. 

Whereupon Voted, that the Board of Health be a Committee to 
consider the situation of the North Burying Ground & also the 
expediency of enlarging said Ground by the purchase of Land 
adjoining, or of opening the Granary Burying Ground" for use of 
Graves or new Tombs. 

Also, that they be requested to consider & recommend suitable 
places where Wharves may be erected for a removal of nuisances, 
& to suggest any other mode which can be adopted for that pur- 
pose to Report at the Adjournment. 

Voted, that the Town Advocate be directed to enquire into the 
title of the Town to Snow Hill Street, & to prosecute all tres- 
passers on the Towns Land in that quarter to report at the 
Adjournment. 



258 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Report of Committee relative to a new Road, read where- 
upon Moved and [395] Voted, that the report be printed in 
Hand Bills for the Consideration of the Inhabitants and that it 
be referred for consideration &c to March Meeting then to be 
acted upon. 

On the Article in the Warrant viz " to appoint an Agent or 
Agents to nominate appraisers & to receive possession of any 
Real Estate which may be now or any time hereafter set off on 
execution in "favour of the Town " being read it was moved 
& Voted, That the Selectmen be & hereby are appointed & em- 
powered, Agents for said purpose. 

Adjourned to Monday next 10 'Clock A.M. being the 13 th of 
Nov. 10 O'Clock A.M. 

Nov r . 13. The Town met agreeably to Adjournment. 

The Moderator informed the Inhabitants that the Town Clerk was 
unable to attend at this Meeting, being confined to his house by 
sickness ; whereupon it was moved and Voted to choose a Clerk 
pro tempore : a Nomination being called for, & the question 
taken, Charles Bulfinch Esq was declared to be chosen. 

The Board of Health, who were chosen a Committee to consider 
the subject of the burying grounds, and the mode for future re- 
moval of nuisances by Night carts ; handed in their Report, 
which was read & explained by some members of the Committee ; 
when it was moved & Voted. 

That the report [396] be 

recommitted for revision, that it be afterwards printed in hand 
bills and distributed to the Inhabitants. 

That the Selectmen be directed to call a new Meeting as soon as 
convenient after the publication of the Report : and insert the 
particular articles to be acted upon in the Warrant for calling 
the Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[397.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday 
the 13 day of December 1809. 10 O'Clock A.M. 

Warrant for the Meeting was read 
Nomination for Moderator was called for. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1809. 259 

Stephen Codman Esq 

was chosen, but not being present a new nomination was called 
for, and 

Samuel Parkman Esq was chosen : 
he not being present, David Tilden Esq was chosen and Accepted. 

The Inhabitants were desired to bring in their Votes for a 
Town Clerk, & it was Voted, to close the poll at 12 O'Clock. 

The Votes, being counted, it appeared that the whole number 
was 1587 and that 794 was necessary for a choice. 

That Charles Bulfinch Esq had 108 

Joseph Russell Esq 672 

Cap 1 . Thomas Clark 789 and that no person had a ma- 

jority of votes ; whereupon Voted, To adjourn the Meeting for 
choice of Town Clerk, untill tomorrow 14 th at 10 O'Clock. 

[398.] Thursday Dec r . 14 th 10 O'Clock A.M. 
The Town met according to Adjournment. 

The Inhabitants were desired to bring in their Votes for Town 
Clerk; and it was declared that the Poll should close at 12 
O'Clock. 

The Votes having been counted, it appeared that the whole 
number of Votes was 2696. 

That 1349 was necessary for a choice. 
That Joseph Russell Esq had 1017. 
Cap*. Thomas Clark had 1676. 
Scattering Votes - 3. 

Cap*. Thomas Clark was declared to be chosen ; he was notified 
of the choice by attested Copy of the Vote ; & signified his 
acceptance of the office, in writing, and having appeared, the 
Oath of Office was administered to him by the Moderator David 
Tilden Esq. Justice of the peace. 

Attest Charles Bulfinch 

Town Clerk pro Tempore. 

The Report of the Committee consisting of the Board of Health, 
which has been printed for information then read. 

A Motion was made to strike out the first section of the Report, 
which authorized the purchase of Land, which being put, it 
passed nearly Unanimously in the Negative. 

A Motion was then made to fill the blanks in the Report with 
the name of the Board of Health, & that the report should then 
be accepted which being debated passed in the Affirmative. 



260 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

[399.] Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to give 
his Notes to Benjamin Weld Esq., for the amount of the pur- 
chase of Land Adjoining the North Burying ground unless 
there be sufficient Money in the Treasury to pay the same. 

on Motion Voted, that the thanks of the Town be given 
to Benjamin Weld Esq. for his Liberality in Offering to relin- 
quish his purchase of Land Adjoining the North Burying 
Ground for the use of the Town at the cost. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to the Modera- 
tor for his good services. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[4OO.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, duly qualified & legally warned in 
public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 
the 12 th day of March Anno Domini 1810. 10 O'Clock A. M. 

Prayer made by Rev. Doct Lathrop. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Hon John Phillips Esq. 
chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 

Extract of Laws read. 

Thomas Clark 

was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensuing, & took the Oath of 
Office, which was Administered to Him by John Phillips Esq. 

Votes having been brought in for nine Selectmen, counted & 
sorted, it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen. 
viz. 

Charles Bulfinch William Porter 

Ebenezer Oliver Jon a . Hunnewell 

John May Francis Wright 

Nathan Webb Joseph Foster & 

Benjamin Weld Esquire. 

The Votes for a Town Treasurer & Collector of Taxes for the 
present year being brought in & sorted, it appeared that 

William Smith Esq was chosen. 

[4O1.] The Votes being brought in for Overseers of the 
Poor, it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen viz. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1810. 261 

Edward Procter, Esq. Henry Hill Esq. 

William Smith Esq. William Phillips Esq 

Redford Webster. Esq Thomas Perkins P^sq. 

Mr. Sam 1 . Snelling Cap*. Ozias Goodwin 

Mr. Will 1 ". Mackay Jos. Coolidge Jun r . Esq 

Mr. Joseph Richards Bry*. P. Tilden Esq. 

Thomas Melvill Esq. Joseph May Esq 

And w Cunningham Esq. Jos. Head Esq 

John Winslow Esq Step". Codman Esq 

John Bray Esq Cap*. Tho 8 Dennie 

Simon Elliot Esq Jon a . Hunnewell Esq. 

Dan 1 . Messinger Esq Mr. Tho 8 . Curtis 

Joshua Davis Esq. Mr. Benj a . Smith 

Mr Benj a . Coates William Sullivan Esq 

Mr Ignatius Sargent Mr Sam 1 . Swett 

Mr Edw d . Crufts Ja 8 . Phillips Esq 

Bryant P. Tilden Esq. Mr Nath 1 . Curtis 

Mr Nathan Webb Geo. Blanchard Esq 
were chosen Fire Wards for the year ensuing. 

The Hon. Thomas H. Perkins & Cap*. Barker Baker, having 
declined serving as fire Wards the ensuing year. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to The Hon. 
Thomas H. Perkins & Cap*. Barker Baker, for their faithful 
services as Fire Wards for several years past. 

[4O2>.] Voted, that in addition to the Selectmen twelve per- 
sons shall now be chosen a School Committee, & the Votes being 
brought in and sorted, it appeared that the following Gentlemen 
were chosen, viz. 

Rev. Dr. Kirkland Rev. W m Emmerson 

Rev. W ra E. Channing Dr. Aaron Dexter 

Dr. Tho 8 . Welsh David Greene Esq 

Arnold Welles Esq William Smith Esq 

Hon W m Prescott Esq Hon. John Phillips Esq. 

John Heard Jun 1 '. Esq Charles Davis Esq. 

Voted, that the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen, are termed the School Committee, be and hereby 
are directed to carry the system of Education Adopted by the 
Town into operation : and that the said Committee be Author- 
ized & empowered conjunctly to manage & regulate the Govern- 
ment of the Schools : & to execute all the powers relative to the 
Schools & School Masters which the Selectmen or such 
Committees are Authorized by the laws of the Commonwealth or 
by the Votes of the Town to exercise. 

Voted Unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be given to 



262 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

the Hon. John Davis Esq. for his faithful services, as one of the 
School Committee for several years past. 

Votes for a Treasurer of the County of Suffolk brought in & 
counted by the Moderator & Town Clerk, when it appeared that 
the whole number [4O3] was, three hundred & Eighty one & that 
Ebenezer Seaver Esq a discreet & suitable person a Freeholder & 
resident in said County, had 302 Votes and William Smith Esq 
had 79 Votes. 

Messrs. Benjamin White 

William Ellison 

John Butterfield 

Noah Doggett 

Edward Alline 

William Greene 

Joseph Stodder 

W m Ellison Jun r 

John Rice 

Rich d . Thayer 

John Cogswell 

William Clouston 

Nath 1 . Bradley Jun r . 

Braddock Loring 

Thomas Christie 

Eleazer Homer 

Allen Bowker 

Nath 1 . Glover 

John Howe Jun r . 

Ed. J Bobbins 

were chosen surveyors of Boards & Shingles. 

Peter Thacher Esq. was chosen Town Advocate for the year 
ensuing. 

Adjourned to 3 'Clock P. M. 

The Town met according to Adjournment. 

Henry Purkett Esq. Messrs. Nath 1 . Howe, John Smith & 
James Eunson, were chosen Cullers of Hoops & Staves for the 
year ensuing. 

Messrs. Thomas Barber, Nath. Howe, Hezekiah Hudson, 
James Eunson, John Smith, Benj a . Clark, Gershom Spear, 
Charles Pook & John Singleton, were chosen cullers of dry fish 
for the year ensuing. 

[4O4.] Messrs. Benjamin White, Tho 8 . Hearsey & William 
Ellison, were chosen Fence Viewers for the year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECOKDS, 1810. 263 

Messrs. Barney Connor, John Deluce, Joseph Cobbett, Rufus 
Harrington & Israel Mead Jr. were chosen Hogreeves for the 
year ensuing. 

Messrs. Barney Connor, Joseph Cobbett, John Deluce, Rufus 
Harrington & Israel Mead Ju r . were chosen Haywards for the 
year ensuing. 

Mr. Samuel Emmons & James Phillips Esq. were chosen Sur- 
veyors of Hemp, for the year ensuing. 

Edward Tuckerman & Josiah Snelling Esquires, were chosen 
Surveyors of Wheat for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. John Wells & Richard Austin were chosen Assay 
Masters for the year ensuing. 

The Selectmen were chosen Surveyors of High Ways, for the 
year ensuing. 

Messrs. Francis James, Silas Francis & Cap 1 . Michael Homer, 
were chosen Inspectors of Lime for the year ensuing. 

Voted, That Joseph Russell 

Samuel Brown & 
William Brown Esquires 

[4O5] be and they hereby are Appointed a Committee to audit 
the Accounts of the Town Treasurer, and also those of the 
Overseers of the Poor, & the Board of Health. And said Com- 
mittee are directed to report the sum necessary to be raised for 
the services of the present year. 

Voted, That the consideration of all money matters, be referred 
to next May Meeting. 

Voted, That the Auditors of Accounts, be requested in their 
Exhibit, to make a Statement of the debts & income of the Town, 
& report the same at the next May Meeting. 

Voted, That the Auditors of Accounts together with the Hon. 
John Phillips Esq. Hon. Benjam n . Austin & John Welles 
Esquires, be requested to take into consideration the resources of 
the Town, and devise a mode for speedily discharging the Towns 
debts : also to consider if any improvement can be made in the 
present system to secure a more prompt collection of Taxes. 

The Article in the Warrant viz. "To consider the request of 
the heirs of the late Govemour Hancock, that the Town will agree 
with them in such a disposition of their Estate on Beacon Hill, 
either by sale or exchange of the Towns land, or by a purchase of 



264 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

the land of the heirs as may be for the interest of both parties." 
was read whereupon 

Voted, That the same be Committed to the [4O6J Selectmen, 
to report their opinion of the best mode of disposing of the 
Town's land on Beacon Hill, and Report at the May Meeting. 

Voted That the Thanks of the Town be given to the Hon. 
John Phillips Esq. for his services as Moderator of this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[4O7.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of twenty one years of age & upwards qualified as the 
Constitution prescribes and Legally warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 2 d . Day of 
April Anno Domini 1810. 9 O'Clock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev. Doct. Eckley. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or Frame of Government, rela- 
tive to the choice of Governour Lieutenant Governour & 
Senators, were read. Also, a,n Extract from a Law of the 
Commonwealth, dividing the State into Districts for the choice of 
Counsellors & Senators was read. 

It was then declared by the Selectmen, that no Vote shall be 
received, but such as are unfolded that the Poll shall be closed 
at half past 2 O'Clock P.M. and that the Bells begin tolling at 
2 O'Clock & continue for half an hour. 

Persons Voted for as Governour, with the Number of Votes 
for each Person viz. 

His Exc y . Christopher Gore Esq - - 3076 

Hon bl . Elbridge Gerry Esq 2211 

Hon Theodore Sedgwick Esq 1 

Persons Voted for as Lieutenant Governour, with the num- 
ber of Votes for each Person 

[4O8] viz. His Honour David Cobb Esq. ... - 3079 
Hon William Gray Esq 2208 

Persons Voted for as Senators for the County of Suffolk, with 
the number of Votes for each Person viz. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1810. 265 

Hon. Harrison G. Otis Esq. 3079 

Hon. John Phillips Esq 3079 

Hon. William Spooner -------- 3077 

Hon. Peter C. Brooks Esq 3078 

Hon. John Welles Esq. 3079 

Hon. David Tilden Esq. 2199 

Samuel Brown Esq. 2198 

Edward Proctor Esq. 2199 

Russell Sturgis Esq. 2200 

Caleb Bingham Esq - 2199 

William Sullivan Esq 1 . David Townsend Esq ... l 

Attested Copies or return of the persons Voted for as Gover- 
nour, Lieutenant Governour and Senators for the County of 
Suffolk, sealed up in Town Meeting after the Vote had been de- 
clared, to be transmitted to the Secretary of the Commonwealth 
as prescribed by Law & directed as follows viz. 
To William Tudor Esq Secretary of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts. Votes of the Town of Boston for Governour, 
Lieu*. Governour & Five Senators for the County of Suffolk, 
sealed up in open Town Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[4O9.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of 21 years of age & upwards, qualified as the Con- 
stitution prescribed and legally warned in public Town Meeting 
Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 16 th . Day of 
MayA.D. 1810 9 O'Clock A.M. 

The Meeting opened with Prayer, by the Rev. Doct 
Baldwin. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

That part of the Constitution or frame of Government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives read. 

The return of the Assessors signifying that the Major & minor 
rateable Polls of this Town for the present year were 9557 
being also read 

The Inhabitants were directed by the Selectmen to bring in their 
Votes, for Representatives ; not exceeding 42 & that they 
propose the Poll shall be closed at 2 O'Clock the Bells to 
commence tolling at half past 1 O'Clock P.M. 

The Votes being brought in, sorted & counted, it appeared at 



266 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

the close of the Poll, that the following Gentlemen were elected 
Representatives for the year ensuing viz 

William Smith Samuel Cobb 

William Brown Jon a . Hunuewell 

William Sullivan William Philips 

Francis Wright Benja Russell 

Daniel Sargent Thos 8 . W. Sumner 

[41O.] John Callender Benjamin Whitman 

Charles Davis James Robinson 

Jacob Welsh William Hammatt 

John Parker Eben r . T. Andrews 

Francis D. Channing William H. Sumner 

Ephraim Thayer Josiah Knapp 

Benjamin Weld Oliver Keating 

Nathan Webb Dan 1 . Messinger 

W m Walter Warren Dutton 

George G. Lee Isaac P. Davis 

Thomas Danforth William Tudor Jun r . 

Elisha Sigourney John Winslow 

George Blanchard Sam 1 . M. Thayer 

Gamaliel Bradford John May 

William Porter John Wells 

Nathaniel Curtis John Chandler 

Declaration of the Choice was then made, & the Meeting was 
Dissolved. 



[411.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned, in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 17 th . 
Day of May A.D. 181 10 O'Clock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Hon. William Brown Esq. 
chosen Moderator by a hand Vote. 

Thomas Dennie & Simon Elliot Esquires having resigned the 
office of Fire Wards James Robinson & Samuel M. Thayer 
Esquires were chosen Fire Wards for the year ensuing in their 
Stead. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to Thomas 
Dennie & Simon Elliot' Esquires for their faithful services as 
Firewards for a number of years past. 

Mr Henry Blake was chosen a surveyor of Boards & Shingles, 
in place of a surveyor of Lumber deceased. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1810. 267 

The Committee appointed at a Meeting of the Town of Boston 
on the 2 d day of August last " to consider the expediency of 
encouraging the continuation of Front-Street, from its present 
termination at the South-Bridge, to the end of the Brush-hill 
Turnpike, near the Roxbury Canal, by a grant to the undertakers 
of part of the land on the Neck, which will border on said Street," 
have attended to the duty Assigned to them, & Report as follows : 

[412.] They find that on the 14 th day of June A.D. 1806, 
by an act to establish the second Brush-hill Turnpike Corpora- 
tion, authority was given by the Legislature, so to extend the 
Brush-hill Turnpike, as would effect the Junction thereof with the 
southern termination of Front-Street, No measures, however, 
have been pursued to carry this enterprize into operation ; prob- 
ably on account of the heavy expences necessarily incident to 
the undertaking, & to the precarious prospect of remuneration to 
those who should make the requisite advances. 

The plan accompanying this Report will exhibit, with sufficient 
precision, the course of the intended road ; and the Committee 
are fully convinced, that such an extension of Front- Street would 
be very advantageous to the Town. Besides the obvious benefit 
& convenience of another avenue, in that direction, it appears 
evident that the Town's land on the Neck, would be increased in 
value, and the Town would be relieved from the expence of sup- 
porting a dyke, which it is now necessary to maintain, between 
the present road & the Shore. 

The distance from the end of Front-Street to the Towns Marsh, 
in a direct line over the flats, is one hundred & sixty nine 
rods. 

The expence of making the road over this extent, according to 
an estimate exhibited to the Committee, which they believe to be 
correct, would be 42392 dollars 80 Cents. From the flats to 
Roxbury landing place, the distance is [413] 121 rods, and the 
computed expence of making the road over this distance, includ- 
ing bridges is $8535.20. the aggregate expence amounting to 
50,928 dollars. 

This estimate has been formed from the actual expence of Front- 
Street 

From a view of the whole subject, of the obvious benefit to the 
Town of Boston from the proposed improvement, of the heavy 
expence at which it must be accomplished ; and of the uncertainty 
of reimbursement to the undertakers ; or of a suitable interest for 
their expenditures, the Committee consider it reasonable & expe- 
dient for the Town, to offer the following inducements to those 
Gentlemen who may within a reasonable time, procure the con- 
templated road to be completed. 

1 st . Liberty to make the road over the Towns land, free of 
compensation to the Town, for such portion of their land as may 
be necessarily occupied by said road. 

2 d . A grant of the Marsh & flats belonging to the Town, eastward 
of the road & between the same & the Channel. 



268 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

3 d . A grant of one half of the Towns land on the western side of 
the proposed road, to the extent of 150 feet from said road, to 
be assigned to the undertakers, in alternate lots : the whole land 
comprehended between the westerly side of the road and a line 
parallel thereto, at 150 feet distance [414] (excepting what 
may be reserved for Streets) being first laid out in convenient 
lots by mutual arrangement between the undertakers & the 
Selectmen, or other Agents of the Town. 

The above grants to be gratuitous, but comprizing however, 
these conditions ; that the road be completed within three years 
from this date; that it be in every respect conformable to the 
requirements of the act above mentioned, or to the acceptance of 
the Selectmen ; that Streets be reserved of such number ; width & 
direction, on the western side of said road as are delineated on 
the plan accompanying this Report, or of such other description 
as may be satisfactory to the Town or its property authorized 
officers : that the space of ten feet on each side of said road shall 
forever remain unincumbered with buildings, as by agreement 
respecting the Front Street, subject only to like exceptions as 
expressed in that agreement, so that the part of said road, which 
may fall within the Town of Boston, shall correspond in width 
with Front Street. 

Signed, (Boston Nov. 6 th . 1809) William Parsons 

Tristam Barnard 

John Davis, John Joy, Redford Webster, William Hammatt, 
John Phillips Committee. 

The foregoing Report having been read, a Motion was made to 
accept the Report of the Committee; which after being debated, 
& some explanations given by the Moderator it passed in the 
Affirmative. 

[415.] The Report of the Committee chosen to consider the 
application of the heirs of Gov. Hancock, being read & debated ; 
a Motion was made that the subject should subside for the 
present the question being taken it passed in the negative. 

A motion was then made to refer the further consideration of 
this Report to the Adjournment which passed in the affirmative 

The article in the Warrant " to consider the claim of the heirs 
of the late W m . Cooper Esq. for arrears of the grants in addition 
to his salary as Town Clerk" was read together with a state- 
ment of facts exhibited by the Selectmen on the same subject 
whereupon Voted, That the application of the heirs of the late 
William Cooper Esq. for the arrears of Grants &c with the 
Statement of the Selectmen thereon be committed to the Auditors 
of Accounts and the Committee on the resources of the Town ; 
to report at the Adjournment. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1810. 269 

On the Article in the Warrant "viz to consider the expedi- 
ency of appointing Agents with full powers to compromise with 
Ward Nicholas Boylston Esq. all the claims of the Town now in 
suit against him as Administrator on the Estate of Thomas 
Boylston Esq. deceased " was read & after some debate it was 
Voted, That the Selectmen be a Committee to Adjust, settle & 
compromise all Claims of [4:16] the Town of Boston to the 
Estate both real and personal of Thomas Boylston, with Ward 
Nicholas Boylston Administrator with the Will annexed on 
said Estate, upon such terms & conditions as they or a majority 
of them shall determine to be for the best interest of the Town 
under all circumstances ; and that they be authorized, upon 
receiving such compensation, or security for compensation as 
they may agree upon ; to make & execute to said Ward Nicholas 
Boylston & his Assigns, all such releases, Assignments & Con- 
veyances of their said claims, and all such Letters of Attorney 
empowering him to recover & receive the same to his use ; as 
they may deem proper. 

Adjourned to Thursday next 10'0'Clock. 

Thursday May 24 th . 1810. 
Met according to Adjournment. 

The Report of the Auditors of the Town's Accounts, was read 
As also the report of the Committee on the resources of the 
Town. - 

Voted, That the Report of the Committee on the resources of 
the Town, be printed for the information of the Inhabitants. 

Voted, That an Exhibit of the receipts and expenditures of the 
Town be printed with the Report of the Committee. 

The Committee to whom was referred the claim made by the 
Administrator of the late William Cooper Esq. Town Clerk. 
[417] Report that from the lapse of time & other circum- 
stances attending the grant of Two hundred Pounds, which was 
made in the year 1783, of which one hundred & fifty pounds was 
never received by him. it would not be proper nor expedient to 
allow Interest. But in as much as in the year 1806, there was a 
formal liquidation of his accounts, and at that time there was due 
to him including all demands Twenty three hundred & fifty eight 
Dollars thirty two Cents, And as the equity or liberality of the 
Town might as relates to the services of so ancient and faithful 
an officer be more confidently appealed to. Your Committee 
therefore recommend, that the said sum of twenty three hundred 
& fifty-eight Dollars, thirty two cents be paid which appears to be 
due, with the further sum of five hundred & sixty five Dollars & 
ninety two cents, making in all Twenty nine hundred & twenty 



270 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

four Dollars twenty four cents. Provided the same be received in 
full for all services & of all demands by the Administrator on 
Estate of the late William Cooper Esq. as Town Clerk of the 
Town of Boston. 

Boston May 21. 1810. Signed Samuel Brown 

William Brown 
Benj a . Austin 
John Welles 

[418.] A motion was made & seconded, that the Report be 
accepted. 

The question being put, it passed unanimously in the Affirmative. 

Voted, that the Report 6f the joint Committee be referred to the 
Adjournment. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Thursday 14 th day of 
June next. 

The Meeting was Adjourned accordingly. 
Met According to Adjournment. 

The Moderator being absent, The Hon. David Tilden Esq was 
chosen Moderator pro. tern. 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration the RE- 
SOURCES of the Town, and to devise a mode for speedily discharg- 
ing the Debts. Also to consider if any improvements can lie 
made to secure a more prompt collection of Taxes, have attended 
to these Duties & Offer the following Report for the consideration 
of their fellow Citizens. 

The Committee in order to comply with the directions given 
them "to take into consideration the resources of the Town" 
have thought proper to ascertain the amount of their Debts, and 
to state particularly the several items which constitute the 
demands upon them They find that the sum due from the 
Town amounts to 128,827 Dollars, which is taken from the 
following Statement, handed them by the Treasurer viz. 

[419.] On Selectmens drafts 6784.56 

Board of Health 503.21 

Overseers - 9191.05 

County of Suffolk 36417.06 

State Tax for 1809 22694.66 

Due at the Banks 41000. 

Due on other Notes 12236.58 



Dollars 128827.12 



BOSTOX TOWN RECORDS, 1810. 271 

The Committee have also received from the Selectmen, the 
following Document as embracing the Resources of the Town, 
from whence the foregoing Arrearages are contemplated to be 
cancelled 

viz. Outstanding Taxes, after deducting abatement of 14000 

Dollars $86,224.47 

Balance due from Mr. Curtis, for land - - - - 1800. 

Land near South Bridge, Appropriated to meet \ 
the Expences of Faneuil Hall valued at - - - ) 6000.0 

Beacon Hill at the lowest estimation ----- 12000. 



Doll 8 . 106,024.47 



Leaving a ballance of 22802. Dollars and 65 Cents, to be pro- 
vided for from other resources. 

In addition to which, the Committee are informed by a Statement 
made by the Selectmen, that there is about 16500 feet of land 
already filled up on the Mill Pond, and that 23000 feet more will 
be completed in October next and that the Town's proportion of 
land will be about 150,000 feet when the business is finished. 

The lands on the Boston Neck computed [42O] at 45 or 50 
Acres, are also considered as a valuable and growing property, 
to be appropriated as occasions require, to discharge the debts, 
& other exigencies of the Town. 

A further estimate of resources is calculated to arise from 
Rents & improvements of Faneuil Hall, and the Old State House, 
which now produce about 10,500 dollars annually. 

The Committee having thus considered the Debts of the Town, 
which include the balances due on the Alms House, and the 
enlargement of Faneuil Hall, (expences which probably will not 
again take place for many years, ) do think that a small proportion 
of the above mentioned Resources of the Town are fully adequate 
for cancelling our present arrearages, in a few years, provided 
the expenditures should be conducted upon the principles of 
economy, which the Committee most earnestly recommend on all 
Money transactions. 

The Committee however would inform their Fellow Citizens 
that further Expences to the County will soon be realized from 
the building of a New Court House, which is contemplated to be 
erected this Year; but they expect, that the property of the 
Town as described in this report, together with the usual Annual 
Taxes will furnish ample Funds for all future exigencies. The 
Committee would further Report "On the mode for speedily 
discharging the Towns Debts " that it be recommended to the 
Town to empower the Selectmen to sell the 39.500 feet of land 
which will be filled up on the Mill Pond in October next, together 
with such parts of the other real [421] Estates as may be 
thought advisable for raising Forty two Thousand five hundred 
& Ninety two Dollars Sixty four Cents which is the balance of 
the Towns debt as Stated by the Auditors of the Treasurer's 
Accounts. 



272 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

It is with regret, that the Committee are obliged to observe 
that a large amount of Taxes is still unpaid, they therefore think 
it expedient in Order to adopt " some mode for speedily discharg- 
ing the Town's Debts," to enjoin on the Constables the most 
prompt attention to the execution of all warrants delivered them 
by the Treasurer for the collection of Taxes, And, as it is 
impossible for the debts of the Town to be discharged without 
some efficient exertions on the Part of the Citizens, the Commit- 
tee are constrained to call on them to cancel their dues as speedily 
as possible Though it is a most unpleasant duty to distress Indi- 
viduals in the Collection of Taxes, yet the demands upon the 
Town from its improvements and extension are so pressing, as to 
make it necessary for every person in arrears to discharge his 
quota of the Public expences without puting the Treasurer to 
the disagreeable task of enforcing by Law what Justice requires 
of the Delinquent. In Order to which, the Committee recom- 
mend to the Town to prohibit the two Months indulgence which 
has hitherto been enjoined on the Treasurer in collecting Taxes, 
and leave him to do all which the law directs in the collection 
Recommending at the Same time as much discretion and Lenity 
as the nature and urgency of the Demand will permit. 

[422.] The Committee consider the above particulars as 
embracing the several Subjects committed to them ; they there- 
fore submit the above plain and concise statement of the Debts 
& Resources of the Town, to the candid consideration of their 
fellow Citizens, for the Purpose of adopting such measures as 
their wisdom may direct. 

Signed Joseph Russell 
William Brown 
Samuel Brown 
Benjamin Austin 
John Phillips 
John Welles 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered, it 
was. 

Voted, to accept the Report of the Committee with this 
restriction, that the lands therein recommended for sale, be not 
disposed of without further Orders from the Town. 

The Report of the Committee on the Subject of Beacon Hill 
was again taken up & after considerable debate it was Voted, 
that the Subject should subside. 

The Committee appointed to Audit the Town's Accounts, have 
attended that service & ask leave to Report, that they have 
examined the Town Treasurers Accounts & find them right cast 
and well vouched and that the following Account comprises 
the Debits & Credits of the Town with him 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1810. 



273 



The presumtive deficiency due from the Town (after allowing 
for the probable abatement of Taxes) [423] will be Forty two 
Thousand five hundred and ninety two Dollars 64 Cents, as 
Appears below. 



D r . Due on Selectmens drafts 

" Board of Health - 

" Overseers ... 

" County of Suffolk - 

" State Tax - - - 

" Due at Banks - - 

" Other Notes - - - 



6784.55 
503.21 

9191.5 
36417.6 
22694.66 
41000. 
12236.58 



Doll 8 . $128,827.11 



Outstanding Taxes 
t< 



1803 - - 

1804 - - 

1805 - - 

1806 - - 

1807 - - 

1808 - - 

1809 - - 



Cash on hand - 



From this deduct the - 
probable Abatements - 



leaves a deficiency to be 
provided for - - - - 



C r . 

750.55 

2916.57 

4742.16 

10536.93 

13998.48 

15304.70 

49940.91 

98190.30 
2034.17 



Doll 8 . $100,224.47 
14,000. 

86,224.47 
- - 42,592.64 



Doll 8 . $128,827.11 



The Committee Report an estimate of the expences for the 
present year, as follows, viz., 

School Masters & Ushers 13.800 

Repairs of Schools Fuel &c ------ 1.500 

Town Watch 6.300 - 

Town Treasurer & Collector 1.500 

Three Assessors 2,448. 



[424.] 

Town Clerk - - 
Police Officers 
Constables services 



$25.548 

25,548. 
1,000. 

1,400. 
500. 



274 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Judge Municipal Court ------- 750. 

Messenger to Selectmen - - 350. 

Dorr Keeper to Faneuil Hall - 100. 

Engines, Repairs &c. -- 500. 

Bells & Clocks 500. 

Incidental Charges 2,000.- 

Overseers of the Poor 20,000.- 

Board of Health 6,000.- 

Paving Streets - - 8.000 - 

Lamps Oil & Lighting 7.000.- 

Printing & Stationery 500.- 



Doll 8 . $74,148. 

In addition to the above usual expences ~) 

provision must be made for the award of > 5,000 

Referees for widening Exchange Lane j 

$79,148 
Arrears due the Estate of------- "^ 

William Cooper Esq r ab*. J - 3.000. 



Doll 8 . $82.148. 



From the above Statement your Committee are of Opinion that 
a Tax of Seventy Thousand Dollars should be Assessed the 
present year on the Inhabitants to defray the expences of the 
Town 

all which is submitted. 

Signed Joseph Russell 
Samuel Brown 
William Brown 
[425.] Boston 22 d . May 1810. 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered it was, 

Voted to accept the report of the Committee with this Amend- 
ment, viz, to add Twelve Thousand Dollars to the Report, for the 
purpose of paying for Land purchased of Mr. Weld on Cops Hill, 
and other purposes. and it was 

Voted, that the Sum of Eighty Two Thousand Dollars be 
raised by a Tax to be Assessed on the Polls & Estates of the 
Inhabitants of the Town, to defray the expences the current 
year. 

Voted, that the sum of Seven hundred & fifty Dollars, be 
allowed & paid unto Hon. Thomas Dawes Esq. for his Salary as 
Judge of Municipal Court the present year. 

Voted, that the sum of Fifteen hund Dollars be allowed & 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1810. 275 

paid unto William Smith Esq. as Treasurer & Collector of Taxes 
the present year, he to pay his Clerk, Assistant, Office hire and 
all other expences of Office. 

Voted, that the sum of one Thousand Dollars be allowed & 
paid unto Thomas Clark for his salary as Town Clerk the year 
ensuing. 

Voted, that the sum of Eight hundred & Sixteen Dollars be 
allowed & paid unto each of the three Assessors for their ser- 
vices in that Office the year ensuing. 

Voted, that the Sum of Five hundred Dollars be allowed & 
paid unto the Town Advocate for his Salary the year ensuing 
he to account with the Town for all fees received by him, & that 
he be [426] allowed to retain all fees received by him from the 
first of August, to the first day of March last, as his Salary. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to the Modera- 
tors of this Meeting, for their services. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 4 th day of July 
A.D. 1810. 9 oClock A.M. 

Thomas Clark, was chosen Moderator. 

The Committee Appointed the last year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Indepen- 
dence Reported, 

That they had chosen Alexander Townsend Esq. who has 
accepted of the appointment. 

Adjourned to the old South Church 12 Clock where 

AN ORATION 

was delivered by Alexander Townsend Esq., to commemorate 
the Independence of the United States of America. 

on Motion, Voted, that the Selectmen be, and hereby are appointed 
a Committee to wait on Alexander Townsend Esq., in the name 
of the Town, and thank him for the elegant and Spirited Oration, 
this day delivered by him [427] at the request of the Town, 
upon the Anniversary of American Independence, in which were 
'considered the feelings, manners, and principles, which produced 



276 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

the great national event ; and to request of him a Copy for the 
press. 

Voted that the Gentlemen, Selectmen be & hereby are appointed 
a Committee, to apply to some able & learned Gentleman to 
deliver an Oration on the 4 th day of July 1811. That day being 
the Anniversary of the Independence of the United States of 
America ; wherein the Orator is to consider, the feelings, man- 
ners, and principles which led to this great National Event ; as 
well as the important & happy effects, whether General or 
Domestic, which have already, or will forever flow from that 
Auspicious Epoch. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 1 st . 
day of August A.D. 1810. 10 Clock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 
Hon. Thomas Dawes Esq Chosen Moderator. 

[428.] The Article in the warrant viz, " upon the Petition 
of a number of the Inhabitants, to consider the expediency of 
continuing to dig up & remove from their graves to a Common 
Vault, the remains of bodies heretofore deposited, in the Gran- 
ary Chapel & North burying grounds, with a view to appropriate 
anew the same entire grounds, to the interment of the dead, & 
whether it be not expedient, for reasons set forth in said petition 
to discontinue altogether, the practice of burying in graves, in 
the Chapel and Granary Grounds ; and to consider what other 
lands in the outskirts of the Town may be appropriated to this 
object." was read and after some debate it was Voted 
That, Hon. Harrison G. Otis 
James Prince & 
Arnold Welles Esqrs. 

be a Committee to take up the Subject of said petition at large, 
and report at the Adjournment. 

The other article in the Warrant, viz, to consider & Act upon 
the petition of a number of the members of the 3 d . Artillery Com- 
pany, that they may be permitted to erect a Gun House on the 
summit of Fort Hill, for the use of said Company was read 
and Committed to Maj. Ch 8 . Curtis, Gen John Winslow & David 
Tilden Esqrs. to report at the adjournment. 

Adjourned to Friday next 10 oClock A.M. 



BOSTON TOWN KECOKDS, 1810. 277 

[429.] Friday August 3 d . 1810. 10 oClock A.M. 
Met according to Adjournment. 

The Committee to whom was refere'd the Petition of a number 
of the Inhabitants relative to the subject of the burying grounds 
respectfully Report 

That in the opinion of your Committee, 

the board of health have proceeded with the greatest prudence, 
circumspection & regard to decorum in executing the Authority 
given to them by the Town and sanctioned by the Legislature 
and the regulations adopted by them relative to funerals are 
judicious, and if steadily pursued will prove conducive to the 
convenience and advantage of the Town. But such is the 
present crowded state of the Granary & Chapel burying grounds 
as to render it expedient to discontinue the opening of graves 
therein, untill some urgent and absolute necessity shall require a 
renewal of this practice. 

And they recommend the following resolution. 

That the burial of the dead in graves in the Granary & Chapel 
burying grounds be discontinued and that the same be not Con- 
sidered as Common burying grounds untill the further order of 
the Town, saving to the proprietors of Tombs the right of using 
their private property. 

That the Selectmen be requested to locate such tract of laud 
belonging to the Town on the Neck, as in their judgment shall 
be sufficient and best adapted for a burying ground, and to enclose 
& prepare the same for that purpose. 

[43O.] That the board of health be requested to discontinue 
their Operations in the Chapel and Granary burying grounds, 
except such as may be necessary to Complete the cemeteries and 
Tombs already begun under their Authority. 

That the public cemeteries already constructed in the burying 
grounds be used as temporary repositories for the dead, subject 
to such regulations as the board of health may prescribe, & that 
the board of health be invested with full powers to make requisite 
rules and ordinances for the removal of bodies from said ceme- 
teries to the Common burying grounds, and for indemnifying the 
Town from the expence incident to such removal with such 
exceptions & Conditions as they may deem reasonable. 

H. G. Otis, Per Order. 

The foregoing report having been read, considered & debated, 
a Motion was made to strike out the Preamble of the Report, 
The question being taken it passed in the Negative. 

The Report was then considered by paragraphs & Accepted by 
a very large Majority. 



278 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Boston Aug*. 2 d . 1810 

The undersigned, appointed a Committee by the Town, on the 
petition of the 3 d . Artillery Company, are of opinion that the 
prayer of said petition ought not to be granted. 

Signed. Ch 8 . Curtis 

John Winslow 
D. Tilden. 

[431.] The foregoing report was Accepted. 

It was then Moved, & Voted, that the Selectmen be authorized 
to locate a lot of land on the east side of Fort Hill below the 
Circus for the use of the 3 d Artillery Company, untill the further 
Order of the Town. 

Voted, that it is the sense of the Town that the Gun House on 
Copps Hill should be removed to some suitable part of the land 
lately purchased by the Town. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to the Modera- 
tor of this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[432.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned, 
in Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil hall on Monday 
5 th day of November A.D. 1810. 9 oClock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev Mr. Emmerson. 
Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 

Paragraphs of a Resolve of the General Court for Choosing 
one Representative for Suffolk District read 

The Inhabitants were informed that the Poll would be closed 
at 2 oClock Bells to Commence tolling at half past 1 "Clock. 

Persons Voted for as a Representative for the Suffolk District 
in this Commonwealth in the next Congress of the United States 
viz 

For Hon. Josiah Quincy Esq. Nineteen hundred and Nine. 

For Hon. David Tilden Esq. Six hundred & forty. 

For John C. Jones Esq. One. 

For Deacon David Goodwin One. 

For David Everett Esq. One And 

declaration thereof made by the Selectmen ' in Public Town 
Meeting. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1811. 279 

A return of the doings of this Meeting was made out, (con- 
formable to the one in the Town Officer) and put into the hands 
of Mr. Sheriff Bradford to be by him given to Benjamin Romans 
Esq. Secretary of this Commonwealth. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



1811. 

[433.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, duly qualified & legally warned in Public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 11 th 
Day of March A.D. 1811. 10 Clock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev Mr Buckminster. 
Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 

Stephen Codman Esq 
Chosen Moderator. 

Extract of Laws read. 

Thomas Clark. 

was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensuing The Oath of 
Office was administered to him by Stephen Codman Esq. 

Charles Bulfinch John May 

William Porter Francis Wright 

Ebenezer Oliver Joseph Foster 

Jonathan Hunnewell Nathan Webb, and 

Benjamin Weld. Esquires, 
were Chosen Selectmen for the year ensuing. 

William Smith Esq. 

was Chosen Town Treasurer and Collector of Taxes for the year 
ensuing. 

[434.] William Smith William Mackay 

William Phillips Joseph Coolidge Jun r . 

Redford Webster Joseph Richards 

Thomas Perkins Bryant P Tilden 

Samuel Snelling Ephraim Eliot and 

Ozias Goodwin Jonathan Phillips Esquires 

were Chosen Overseers of the Poor. 

Edward Proctor & Henry Hill Esq re . having declined a re- 
election as Overseers of the Poor it was 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to Edward 
Proctor & Henry Hill Esquires, for their faithful services as 
Overseers of the Poor for many years past. 



280 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Thomas Melvill Andrew Cunningham 

Joseph May Joseph Head 

John Winslow Edw d . Cruft 

Stephen Codman James Phillips 

John Bray Bryant P. Tilden 

Jon a . Hunnewell Nathan Webb 

Dan 1 . Messinger George Blanchard 

Benjamin Coats Samuel M. Thayer 

[435.] William Sullivan Joseph Tilden 

Benjamin Smith Thomas Page 

Ignatius Sargent Joseph Austin and 

Nath 1 . Curtiss Benjamin Rich Esquires, 

were Chosen Firewards for the year ensuing. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to Thomas Cur- 
tis, Joshua Davis, Samuel Swett and James Robinson Esqrs. for 
their Services as firewards the year past. 

Voted, That in addition to the Selectmen twelve persons shall 
now be chosen a School Committee, & the Votes being collected 
it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen viz, 

Rev. W. Emmerson Rev. W. E. Channing 

Rev. Jos. S. Buckminster Dr. Aaron Dexter 

Dr. Thomas Welsh Arnold Welles Esq. 

David Greene Esq. William Smith Esq. 

Charles Davis Esq. John Heard Ju r . Esq. 

John Phillips Esq. W m . Prescott Esq. 

Voted, That the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen, are termed the [436] School Committee, be and 
hereby are directed to carry the System of Education, Adopted 
by the Town into operation ; and that said Committee be also 
Authorized & empowered conjunctly to manage & regulate the 
Government of the Schools ; and to execute all the powers rela- 
tive to the Schools & School Masters, which the Selectmen or 
such Committees are Authorized by the Laws of the Common- 
wealth or by Votes of the Town to exercise. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to Rev. Dr. 
Kirkland for his faithful services as one of the School Committee 
for many years past. 

Votes for a County Treasurer, for the County of Suffolk 
brought in and counted by the Moderator & Town Clerk when it 
appeared that Ebenezer Sever Esq. had, 340 Votes, Josiah Batch- 
elder Esq. had 2 Votes and William Smith Esq. had one Vote. 

Voted, That the Selectmen Count and Sort the Votes for a 
Register of Deeds for the County of Suffolk. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1811. 281 

Votes, for a County Register of Deeds, for Suffolk were 
brought in & Counted, it appeared that the whole number was 
440. & that they were all for William Alline Esq. 

Messrs. Benjamin White Messrs. Eleazer Homer 

John Cogswell Joseph Stodder 

William Clouston Allen Bowker 

[437.] William Ellison William Ellison Jun r . 

John Butterfield Nath 1 . Glover 

Nath 1 . Bradlee Jun r . John Howe Juu r . 

Noah Doggett Richard Thayer 

Braddock Loring Edward J. Robbins 

Thomas Christie Henry Blake 

William Green Joseph Tucker. 

were chosen Surveyor of Boards & Shingles for the year ensuing. 

William Minot Esq. 
was Chosen Town Advocate for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Henry Purkett, Nathaniel Howe, John Smith & James 
Eunson were Chosen Cullers of Hoops & Staves. 

Messrs. Tho 8 . Barber Messrs. Samuel Smith 

Hezekiah Hudson Nath 1 . Howe 

John Smith James Eunson 

Gershom Spear Benjamin Clark 

Charles Pook, 

were Chosen Cullers of dry fish, for the year ensuing. 

[438.] Messrs. Benjamin White 

William Ellison and 

Nath 1 . Bradlee Jun r . 
were Chosen Fence Viewers for the year ensuing. 

Messrs. Barney Conner 
Joseph Cobbett 
John Deluce 
Rufus Harrington and 
Israel Mead Jun r . 
were Chosen Hog-reeves. 

Messrs. Barney Connor 
Joseph Cobbett 
John Deluce 
Rufus Harrington and 
Israel Mead Jun r . 
were Chosen Haywards. 

Samuel Emmons and 
James Phillips Esqrs. 
were Chosen Surveyors of Hemp for the year ensuing. 



282 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Edward Tuckerman and 
Josiah Snelling Esqrs. 
were Chosen Surveyors of Wheat. 

Messrs. John Wells and 
Richard Austin, 
were Chosen Assay Masters. 

The Selectmen, were Chosen Surveyors of Highway. 
Messrs. Francis James, Silas Francis and Michael Homer, were 
Chosen Inspectors of Lime. 

[439.] Voted, That Samuel Brown, William Brown & 
Stephen Codman Esquires be, and they hereby are appointed a 
Committee to Audit the Accounts of the Town Treasurer, and 
also those of the Overseers of the Poor, & the Board of Health 
and said Committee are directed to report the sum necessary to 
be raised for the services of the present year. 

Voted, That the Consideration of all money matters be referred 
to the next May Meeting 

On a Motion made by James Prince Esq. it was. 
Voted, That at the next meeting of the Wards for the purpose 
of electing the Board of Health and Assistant Assessors, there 
be Chosen a Committee to consist of one person from each Ward, 
to enquire into the pecuniary concerns of the Town, and Report 
the state of their Property whether, real, mixed or personal. 
The amount of debts due by the Town whether to Banks or in- 
dividuals, what property has been appropriated for specific pur- 
poses ; and also of all debts due to the Town & generally to 
enquire into all matters & things relative to the monied concerns 
of the Town, and what savings may be made in the current 
expences in future and said Committee shall digest and prepare 
a report on the subject which they shall present to the Selectmen 
who shall cause the same to be printed and distributed among 
the Inhabitants ten days at least before the May Meeting. 

[44O.] Voted, That the Selectmen take measures to carry 
the foregoing Vote into effect. 

The Article in the Warrant viz ' ' to Appoint Agents to Answer 
to an indictment found against the Town for a nuisance, occasioned 
by discharging Night carts & other filth, from the wharf at the 
end of Leverett Street."- was read whereupon Voted, That 
the Selectmen be appointed Agents, to appear at Court in behalf 
of the Town & defend the Suit. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to Stephen Cd- 
man Esq. for his services as Moderator. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1811. 283 

[441.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of twenty one years of Age and upwards qualified as 
the Constitution prescribes and legally warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled At Faneuil Hall on Monday the first day of 
April Anno Domini 1811. 9ClockA.M. 

Prayer by Rev. Mr. Lowell. 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or Frame of Government, rela- 
tive to the Choice of Governour, Lieutenant Governour and Sen- 
ators, were read. 

It was then declared by the Selectmen, that no Vote shall be 
received but such as are unfolded. That the Poll shall be closed 
at half past two O'Clock P.M. and that the Bells begin tolling 
at 2 O'Clock & continue for half an hour. 

Persons Voted for as Governour, with the number of Votes for 
each person. Viz. 

His Excellency Elbridge Gerry Esq. - - - - 1879 

Hon Christopher Gore Esq. 3128 

Hon. Harrison G. Otis Esq. - 3 

Hon. Theodore Sedgwick Esq. 1 

Hon. Levi Lincoln Esq. 2 

Hon. John Adams Esq. 1 

Zachariah G. Whitman Esq. 1 

Persons Voted for as Lieutenant Governour, with the number 
of Votes for each person Viz. 

[442.] His Honour William Gray Esq. 1878 

Hon. William Phillips Esq. 3128 

Hon. William Heath Esq. 1 

Hon. John Phillips Esq. 1 

Hon. John Welles Esq. 1 

Persons Voted for as Senators for the County of Suffolk, with 
the number of Votes for each person viz. 

Hon. Harrison G. Otis Esq. 3125 

Hon. John Phillips Esq. 3130 

Hon. John Welles Esq. 3133 

Hon. Peter C. Brooks Esq. 3123 

Daniel Sargent Esq. 3120 

Hon. David Tilden Esq. 1871 

Samuel Brown Esq. 1872 

Russell Sturgis Esq. 1872 

Mr. Caleb Bingham 1870 

Mr. William Little 1866 



284 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



William Sullivan 
Josiah Backeldor 
William Phillips 
Charles Jackson 
William Prescott 
Benj". Whitman 
Benf. Weld - - 
Jon a . Hunnewell 
Robert Gardner 
John C. Jones - 
Lemuel Hayward 
Joseph Jones 
[443.] Edward Procter 
Daniel Baxter - 



o 
1 
1 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
Amos Binney 



Sam 1 . Dexter - - - - 1 

Tho 8 . C. Amory - - - 1 

Jonathan Amory - - - 1 

Dr. James Jackson - - 1 

Tho 8 . H. Perkins - - 1 

Arnold Welles - - - 1 

Jesse Putnam - - - - 1 

David Townsend - - 1 

Tho 8 . K. Jones - - - 1 

John Heard 1 

Nath 1 . Brewer - - - 1 

Benjamin Austin - - T 

Jeremiah Bridge - - - 1 

William Noyes - - - 1 
- - 1 



Attested Copies or return of the persons Voted for as Gov- 
ernour, Lieutenant Governour & Senators for the County of Suf- 
folk sealed up in Town Meeting after the vote had been declared, 
to be transmitted to the Secretary of the Commonwealth as pre- 
scribed by law & directed as follows viz. 

To Benjamin Romans Esq. Secretary of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts, Votes of the Town of Boston for Governour, Lieu- 
tenant Governour, & five Senators for the County of Suffolk, 
Sealed up in open Town Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



[444.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, qualified as the Constitution pre- 
scribes & legally warned in Public Town Meeting Assembled at 
Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 16 th day of May A.D. 1811 9 
O'Clock A.M. 

Prayer made by Rev. Mr. Mitchell. 
Warrant for Calling the Meeting read. 

That part of the Constitution or Frame of Government which 
relates to the Choice of Representatives read - 

The return of the Assessors signifying that the Major & Minor 
ratable Polls of this Town for the present year were 10,018 
being also read 

The Inhabitants were directed by the Selectmen, to bring in 
their Votes for Representatives ; not exceeding 44 and that 
they propose the Poll be Closed at half past 1 O'Clock the 
bells to commence tolling at 1, O'Clock. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1811. 285 

The Votes being brought in, sorted & counted, it appeared at 
the close of the Poll, that the following Gentlemen were Elected 
Representatives for the year ensuing - - (viz.) .... 

William Smith Esq. Samuel Cobb Esq. 

Hon. William Brown Jon a . Hunewell Esq. 

William Sullivan Esq. William Phillips Esq. 

Dea. Francis Wright Benj n . Russell Esq. 

Mr. Tho 8 . W. Sumner Benj n . Whitman Esq. 

Charles Davis Esq. James Robinson Esq. 

[44:5.] William Hammatt Esq. Mr. John Parker 

Mr. Edward T. Andrews Mr. Isaac P. Davis 

William H. Sumner Esq. Mr. Ephraim Thayer 

Mr. Josiah Knapp Mr. Benj". Weld 

Oliver Keating Esq. Mr. Nath". Webb 

Daniel Messinger Esq. George G. Lee Esq. 

Mr. John Chandler Mr. William Porter 

John May Esq. Sam 1 . M. Thayer Esq. 

George Blanchard Esq. Mr. Nath 1 . Curtis 

Hon W m . Prescott Hon. Artemas Ward 

Alex r . Townsend Esq. Mr. Rich' 1 . Faxon 

Mr. John D. Howard Mr. Thacher Goddard 

Samuel J. Prescott Esq. Mr. Jon a . Whitney 

Mr. Lynde Walter Mr. Samuel Dunn 

Lemuel Shaw Esq. James Savage Esq. 

Mr. Jon a . Loring Mr. John G. Coffin 

declaration of the choice was then made. 

On Motion, Voted that this Meeting be adjourned to Saturday 
next 10 O'Clock to supply the places in the number of Repre- 
sentatives, of any persons who may decline accepting the appoint- 
ment & to complete the business of the Meeting. 

Adjourned. 

Saturday 10, O'Clock A.M. 

Met according to Adjournment 

no resignation having taken place among the Gentlemen Chosen 
Representatives. 

The Meeting was Dissolved. 



[446.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned, 
in Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 
the 27 th . Day of May A.D. 1811. 10 O'Clock A.M.- 

Warrant fo* Calling the Meeting read. 



286 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Stephen Codman Esq. 
was Chosen Moderator. 

Rev Charles Lowell 

was Chosen one of the School Committee in place of Rev. Wil- 
liam Emmerson deceased. 

The Committee chosen in the several Wards, in pursuance of a 
Vote of the Town having requested a full communication from 
the Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor, Board of Health, and 
Town Treasurer and Collector, & having received their several 
reports, and maturely weighed and considered the same, ask leave 
to report. 

That they find the real estate of the Town consists of the fol- 
lowing pieces, of the value of which the Committee are unable to 
judge, and have therefore submitted the rents of such of them 
as are leased, and the value set upon them by the Selectmen in 
their report to this board. 

Faneuil Hall and Old State House, the 
rents of which are stated at $10,700, P r . Annum 

New Stalls in Market, and the Old ones, 
The rents estimated at 1332.67 

[447.] Land by south Bridge, extend- 
ing 290 feet on the Street leading to the 
Bridge, together with the right of the flats 
on each side to the channel valued at - - $5000. 

Towns land on Beacon Hill 12000. 

Land opposite the Mall at the South ) 
end of New block of Buildings j - 10000. 

Land in the Mill pond already filled up. - 16500 feet 

Land contracted to be filled up 1 st . June - 23000 do 

Land to which the Town will be finally 
entitled when the whole Pond shall have 
been filled up exclusive of canal, Streets, 
or Markets 150,000 do - 

About 1600 feet of land near South Boston Bridge under con- 
tract to Deacon Brown. 

Between 40 and fifty Acres of land upon the neck which has 
been judiciously laid out into Streets and lots, but for which there 
is at present no demand. 

The Committee cannot find, that under the description of 
" personal or mixed " property, the Town possess any other than 
the amount either paid or still due for sales of land on the Neck, 
amounting in the whole to 12999 dollars 16 Cents. 

This sum was originally intended to be reserved as a fund 
under the management of the trustees of the neck land, to accu- 
mulate untill it should amount to such a sum as would meet the 
annual expences of the Town ; but the Committee find that it 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1811. 



287 



has been paid into the Treasury ; and the Inhabitants are 
responsible for the amount to the said Trustees of the Neck 
land. 

[448.] They cannot perceive any advantage resulting to 
the Town, while it continues so deeply in debt, in reserving a 
fund for which the Inhabitants are paying interest, while the 
Town itself is indebted in much larger sums carrying Interest. 

They therefore recommend, that the amount of the Sales of this 
land, already received, and such as may be hereafter received, 
should be applied to the extinction of so much of the debts due 
by the Town, carrying interest. 

In obedience to the second direction in their Commission, to 
inquire into the amount " of the debts due by the Town whether 
to Banks or individuals," the Committee report, that from the 
returns made to them by the Town Treasurer the debts due by 
the Town are as follows. 

Notes payable to sundry Banks. 

Massachusetts Bank ------- 

United States Bank 

Boston Bank --------- 

Union Bank - - 

Notes to individuals 

Benjamin Barker -.-' 

Elizabeth Partridge 



Selectmen of Boston* - - - 

Estate of John Gray - - - 

Tuthill Hubbards heirs - - 

Benj n . Weld on account burial ground 

Leveretts heirs for Alms house land - 

R. G. Shaw for Fore Street - - - 

Henry Sargent for Exchange Lane - 



[449.] 

The Committee moreover find due to sundry Cor- 
porations & persons not on Note, as follows, viz. 

State Tax 

County Tax - - 

Selectmens drafts f 

Board of Health 

Overseers _._. 



900 
4000 
23000 

1544.17 

772. 8 

$38216.25 

1230. 
107. 
3024.15 
1500. 
2239.84 
1000. 
3000. 

$50317.24 



20081.98 
49316.99 
21663.27 
691.46 
10287.83 



The Committee cannot discover any property specifically ap- 



*This sum is a charitable fund under the direction of the Selectmen. 

t This Sum includes the Sum of $484 due to the Trustees of the Neck land. 



288 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

propriated exclusive of the land and buildings used for Schools 
and other purposes which cannot be diverted from their present 
appropriations. 

They find the debts due to the Town exclusive of the amount 
due for the Neck land as above stated, to consist of the arrearages 
of Taxes from the year 1803 to 1810 inclusive, which amount in 
the whole to the very important sum of $109,000. 

The Committee have thus discharged in the best manner in 
their power all the specific and well defined objects of their 
Commission ; but they cannot overlook the manifest intention of 
the Town, in the general authority given them to " inquire 
generally into the monied Concerns of the Town, and what savings 
may be made in the current expences in future." 
[45O.] The former part of this general and comprehensive clause 
may be construed into an Authority, and perhaps an obligation, to 
Suggest any improvement in the management of the Town's 
financial concerns which might occur to the Committee, while the 
latter seems to be confined simply to the Subject of economical 
savings in the detail of the Annual expenditure 

The Committee, called suddenly and unexpectedly to the 
exercise of this important duty, unacquainted as they were, & 
must be presumed to be with the fiscal arrangements of the Town, 
adopted the measures which they conceived the most proper to 
enable them to ascertain what savings might be made in the 
different departments of municipal policy, by Calling upon all 
the public functionaries, who are justly presumed to have the 
Confidence of the people, by their being freely and with great 
unanimity elected to their Offices, from their several statements, 
which will be returned with this report, it was found that no 
material savings could be expected in any essential part of the 
annual expenditure. Then indeed we consider the numerous and 
highly important objects for which the taxes of the Town are 
employed, and that these subjects have been annually investi- 
gated by committees, and more especially the last year by a large 
and respectable one, composed of persons of different political 
Opinions, who were unable to discover that any material savings 
could be made in the annual expences of the Town, and particu- 
larly as the estimate of the expences for the [451] Current 
year falls short of the sum granted the last year more than five 
Thousand Dollars, the Committee cannot venture to recommend 
to the Town any diminution in the Allowances for this years 
expences other than those which are recommended by the Offices 
of the Town But although the Committee are unable to recom- 
mend any specific savings in the Annual expences of the Town, 
yet under the general authority to "enquire into" the monied 
concerns of the Town " they feel themselves not only authorized 
but obliged to state that it is apparent to your Committee, that 
from the imperfect manner in which the taxes have been Col- 
lected, the affairs of the Town are in a state of derangement ill 
suited to its Interest, to its ability, or its credit. 
A debt of 152,000 dollars which is balanced only by a debt due 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1811. 289 

to the Town upon past taxes of 109,000 dollars, one third of the 
former bearing interest, while the whole of the latter carries no 
interest, exhibits such marks of improvidence, as Calls for an 
imediate remedy. It must also be observed that while the debts 
due from the Town must be discharged at their face, a very Con- 
siderable proportion of the sum due to the Corporation may 
never be Collected. 

Happily however the relief is in our own power, the means 
proposed to remedy this evil are of two kinds. 

1 st . To dispose of so much of the Towns property, as will place 
them in a state of Independence. 

[452.] 2 ndly . To Alter the System of Collection in future in 
such a manner as may prevent the recurrence of a deficiency so 
mortifying and injurious to the interests of the Town. 

As to the first, it would not be expedient for the Town at the 
present moment, to force the Sales of any part of their property 
which is not in demand ; but it is thought by your Committee, 
that the land lying on the Street leading to South Boston Bridge, 
the Lot opposite to the mall, and the land on Beacon Hill, may 
be Sold at as high a price as it will probably produce at any 
future day, especially when it be considered that it produces no 
income, and the loss to the Town, from Keeping the land in an 
unproductive state, is not less than 1500 dollars Per Annum; 
and your Committee are further of opinion, that the erection of 
valuable houses on the said vacant lands, will not only furnish a 
new fund for taxation but will promote the growth and prosperity 
of the Town. 

The Committee would remark as a further inducement to this 
sale, that if the lands thus disposed of should produce the sum at 
which they are estimated, it would reduce the present large 
balance due from the Town, to a sum not much exceeding 20,000 
dollars which might easily be sunk in the taxes to two years 
As to the 2 d . point the collection of taxes, no argument need be 
used, beyond the simple state of facts to prove, that the present 
mode is most deficient, wasteful, and ruinous. 

[453.] A defect in the Collection of 109,000 Dollars, not 
more than 43,000 of which is for the last year, and the whole of 
which has been due more than four Months and some of it several 
years without interest, speaks a language which cannot and ought 
not to be mistaken. 

In what manner is this to be remedied? 

Two considerations have suggested themselves to your 
Committee. 

The one to abolish the premium paid to the wealthy part of the 
- community for doing what the law and the moral obligation 
arising from the duty they owe the Town, would induce them to 
do without such -Premium. 

The other by altering the times and mode of Collection to 
insure as much punctuality in the Collection of the Town taxes, 
as is found in the Collection of the taxes due to the United 



290 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

States, which are surely not of a more imperious or important 
nature. 

As to the first it originated in a disposition to Change a 
delatory & injurious mode of Collection, which had formerly 
crept into the practices of the Town. 

The opulent were bribed by the tender of a premium to do 
that which their own best interests and their patriotism ought to 
have induced them to do without it. 

What would be thought of an individual heavily in debt who, 
when he had large sums of money fairly due from his neighbours, 
should offer them a [454] premium to pay the debts they had 
voluntarily Contracted? what still more be thought of such 
a man if like this Town he paid an high usurious interest for 
money which he borrowed of his debtor, who had then owed him 
the same sum more than six months ? 

But if the Town must resort to loans to anticipate the Collection 
of its just debts, is there no mode of procuring them short of an 
usurious premium? Is the Credit of this opulent Town whose 
Corporate property vastly exceeds its debts, and may be reasona- 
ably estimated at half a million of dollars, so low that it is unable 
to procure money on a pledge of its taxes, short of one p r . Cent 
per month? 

If this indeed be the case, we ought to blush that the Town 
cannot find among its citizens a man of ordinary financial abilities, 
or of a moderate share of public spirit. 

But this is not so. The mischief has been tolerated, because 
it was not the peculiar duty of any individual to remedy it. 
The inhabitants voluntarily inflicted the penalty upon themselves ; 
they have suffered enough for it ; they have paid more than 
20,000 dollars in premiums to their own debtors, because they 
would not as all other Towns do, compel them to pay. 

But oirr citizens will wish, we hope, to wipe away this stain ; 
they will pay in future cheerfully without a premium, after having 
been indulged Six Months from the first of May when the tax is 
presumed to be Assessed. 

For what debt is there more honorably obligatory than that due 
to the Tcwn. 

[455.] It is incurred for the education of our children ; for 
the preservation of our health ; for the godlike charity of Sup- 
porting our poor ; for the preservation of our lives & limbs by 
repairing and lighting our Streets. These form three quarters of 
our annual expenditure. 

The money ought to be paid at sight ; such is the law of the 
State ; such is the usage of many prudent Towns ; such if it were 
not the law, would be our interest & our duty. Let us then 
apply to the Legislature to repeal this premium paid to the rich 
& let them vie with each other in the punctuality of discharging 
their debts, their most solemn debts to the Town, debts equally 
important as those due to the banks, or to the United States. 

But lest principles of patriotism may not have their full effect, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1811. 291 

the Committee proceed to recommend under the second head of 
improvement in the Collection of taxes. 

1 st . The appointment of four assistant collectors, who shall be 
allowed in addition to the fees of Office the sum of Three hundred 
Dollars per Annum each. 

It will be perceived that the premiums paid to the Opulent and 
the punctual have amounted to 3200 dollars per Annum, and of 
course that these salaries if the premiums are abolished will still 
leave the Town better by the sum of two thousand dollars. 

[456.] 2 dly . It is proposed that all the taxes shall be paid 
in without any exception at the end of Sixty days after the deliv- 
ery of the tax bills This it will be perceived is only Sixty days 
sooner than the inhabitants are now obliged to pay them, & if we 
deduct ten days for Notices as has been usually allowed, the loss 
to the Town will be fifty days only. After the first year it will 
be seen that the tax will not recur at an earlier period to the citi- 
zen, as the burthen is to be born every year, and only once in 
each year. 

At the expiration of the Seventy days it shall be the duty of 
the Town Treasurer to issue his warrants ; after which every man 
who has not paid his tax will be subjected to the payment of the 
fees of Collection, which will amount to nearly five per Cent, and 
the same, shall be notified to each inhabitant on the tax bill, and 
that if the same shall not be paid at the expiration of the ten 
days, that warrants shall issue therefore. This it is believed 
will be as powerful a Consideration with those who now receive 
the premium as the premium itself. 

All classes of the community will reap an advantage from this 
System by the improvement of the Credit of the Town and by 
the consequent diminution of future taxes. 

3 dly It is proposed by the Committee that the Assessors should 
be enjoined to issue the tax bills on or before the first day of 
September in each year, and if any additional expence of Clerk 
hire shall be thereby incurred, that the same shall be paid by the 
Town. 

The reasons which have induced the Committee [457] to 
urge this anticipation of the taxes are, that the Season of labour 
is the period of profit to almost all Classes of the people ; that 
the winter is the moment of repose in which many Citizens are 
obliged to Consume the fruits of their summer industry ; that 
they can pay with more ease while they are in the receipt of 
money ; but more especially because hundreds of labourers who 
are taxed, collect during the Summer the money of the Citizens 
of this town & in Autumn fly away with it to their own home, 
without Contributing towards the public burden of those who 
have protected and paid them. 

Lastly. The Collector shall be directed to issue his warrants 
for the Collecting of all taxes now in arrear without any delay or 
distinction. 

The Committee have given to this subject all the thought & 



292 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

reflection in their power. They have had two objects in view, 
from which they have not Swerved. 

The one to retrieve the Credit of the Town, to diminish ac- 
cumulated debt, to prevent the recurrence of such accumulation 
in future. 

The Second to withdraw from certain Classes of Citizens a 
premium for doing their duty, a reward for paying what both 
the law, their own sense of duty and the public interest, would 
have induced them to pay without. 

In effecting these objects they have recurred to the old and 
well approved mode of Collecting the taxes by Special Collectors. 
A mode which the late Act authorizing the Town Treasurer to 
Collect [458] them, never intended to abolish, for that Act 
authorized him to appoint such Assistant Collectors, and the 
Committee simply recommend the enforcement of that law. 

If the joint and disinterested efforts of a Committee freely 
chosen from every part of the Town, representing local as well as 
general interest, shall be productive of any partial or intensive 
good they shall be happy; if not, they shall enjoy the con- 
sciousness of well meant and assiduous efforts for the promo- 
tion of the interests of the town, in whose prosperity they are 
individually deeply concerned. 

All which is respectfully submitted to the candid consideration 
of the inhabitants of this town by their Committee. 

Josiah Snelling, Ward N. 1 . 

R. Webster, " " 2. 

Ephraim Eliot, " " 3. 

John Brown, " " 4. 

William Alline, " " 5. 

Neh h Parsons, " " 6. 

Step: Codman, " " 7. 

John Lowell, " " 8. 

Isaac Winslow, " " 9. 

Joseph Tilden, "10. 

I. P. Davis, " " 11. 

The Gentlemen elected in this Ward 12 

did not attend. 

Boston May 14 th . 1811.- 

The foregoing Report having been read & 
debated, it was unanimously accepted by the Town. 

on Motion of John Lowell Esq. 

Voted, that it is expedient, that some measures be adopted to 
lessen the debt due from the Town, and [459] to prevent as 
far as possible the recurrence of such a balance against the Town 
in future. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1811. 293 

Voted, That Josiah Snelling 

Redford Webster Ephraim Eliot 

John Brown William Alline 

Neh h Parsons Stephen Codman 

John Lowell Isaac Wiuslow 

Joseph Tilden Isaac P. Davis & 

Joshua Davis Esqrs. be a Committee with full power 
and authority to dispose of the land on Beacon Hill, of the lot 
opposite to the Mall and of the land lying on the Street leading 
from Orange Street to the South Bridge, at public Auction at 
such time as they shall deem most beneficial for the Town, and 
upon such sale to make & execute good deeds thereof in fee Sim- 
ple with warranty and that the proceeds of such Sale Shall be & 
the same hereby are appropriated to the liquidation & satisfac- 
tion of the debts due by the Town. 

Voted, That it is expedient to abolish the premium heretofore 
paid to those who pay their Taxes within certain limited periods 
after the delivery of the tax bills & that the Representatives of 
this Town in the General Court be requested to procure a repeal 
of any part of any law or Act which has heretofore allowed & 
permitted such premiums. 

Voted, That in future, it shall be the duty of the Assessors to 
issue the tax bills on or before the first day of September in each 
year, and within Sixty days thereafter it shall be the duty of the 
Town Treasurer to issue his Notifications to each person who 
shall be Assessed and whose taxes shall not have been wholly 
abated, and if such person shall not pay his taxes within [46O] 
ten days after the receipt of Such Notification or the Service 
thereon upon him in the usual form, the Treasurer Shall issue his 
warrant for Such taxes directed to the Special Collector herein 
after mentioned who shall be held to Collect the Same before the 
return day of Such Warrant and that the Representatives of 
the Town be requested to apply to the Legislature for Such 
amendment of the laws for the collection of taxes in this Town 
as may be necessary to carry the foregoing vote into effect. 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be recommended to appoint in 
pursuance of the authority vested in him by law Four deputy Col- 
lectors who Shall give bond for the faithful execution of their 
trust and it shall be the duty of Such Collectors to Collect and 
receive the Taxes committed to them to Collect, for which they 
Shall receive the premium or compensation from the persons 
named in the warrants to them committed which Constables are 
now entitled by law to Charge & receive, and pay over the Sums 
so Collected to the Town Treasurer. 

Voted, that as an inducement to the Said Collectors to be 
vigilant and faithful in the execution of Said trust, there be 
granted to them annually the Sum of twelve hundred Dollars 



294 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

which Sum Shall be divided among the said Collectors in pro- 
portion to the Sum which he or they shall respectively Collect in 
each year. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to the Gentlemen 
Composing the Committee from the Several Wards for their 
faithful Services. 

[461.] The Committee appointed to Audit the Towns 
Accounts, have attended that Service and ask leave to report 
That they have examined the Town Treasurers Accounts, and find 
them right cast and well vouched, that a balance remained in his 
hands of the Sum of Eighteen hundred and twenty Seven dollars 
five Cents on the first day of May instant which is carried to the 
Credit of the Town in his New Accounts. 

The Committee report as their opinion that it will be expe- 
dient for the Town to grant a tax of Seventy Three Thousand 
& five hundred Dollars to be Assessed on the inhabitants, to 
defray the expences of the Town the Current Year agreeable to 
the following estimates. 

To meet the Selectmens drafts - $50,000 

Overseers of the Poor 25,000 

Board of Health - - - 7,000 

Interest due on Notes due to Banks & individuals - 3,500 



Remains Doll 8 . 73,500 

to be provided for. 

all which is Submitted. 

Boston May 24 th 1811. 

Signed 

William Brown. 
Stephen Codman. 
Samuel Brown. 

The foregoing Report was read & accepted. 

Voted, That the Sum of Seventy three thousand & five hundred 
Dollars, be raised by a tax to be Assessed [462] on the Polls 
& Estates of the Inhabitants of the Town, to defray the Expences 
of the Current year. 

Voted, That the Sum of 8484 dollars & 28 Cents now appear- 
ing on the Town Treasurers Books as due to Trustees of Neck 
Land, be appropriated towards the discharge of the Towns debts, 
and all Monies received in future to be Appropriated to the Same 
purpose. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1811. 295 

Voted, That the Petition from the Inhabitants of South Bos- 
ton respecting Schooling their Children be referred to the School 
Committee, who are hereby requested to pay an immediate atten- 
tion to the same, and to make such provision for the same, as 
they shall think reasonable. 

Theophilus Curtis 

was Chosen Hogreeve & Hayward in place of John Deluce 
resigned. 

It is ordered and the Selectmen are hereby directed & 
impowered to appoint or license from time to time suitable 
persons to be sweepers, scrapers, & cleansers of Chimneys in 
this Town, and whose several Apprentices, shall wear proper 
badges, to be appointed by the Selectmen, & whose wages, for 
their work & Services in Cleansing Chimneys, the rates from 
time to time to be fixed & appointed by the Selectmen. 

Voted, That Hon. William Brown Stephen Codman Esq. Hon. 
Thomas Dawes, William Hammett & Oliver Keating Esqrs. be a 
Committee to consider of the various modes that may be 
adopted of removing the filth of Town, and to examine the places 
from which Wharf es may be built [463] for that purpose, and 
that they have power to purchase one or more suitable places if 
that should be found necessary, & report their doings to the 
Board of Health & Selectmen. 

Voted, that the Sum of Seven hundred and fifty Dollars, be 
allowed & paid unto Hon. Thomas Dawes Esq. for his Salary as 
Judge of the Municipal Court the present year. 

Voted, that the Sum of fifteen hundred Dollars be allowed & 
paid unto William Smith Esq. as Treasurer and Collector of 
Taxes the present year he to pay his Clerk, Assistant, Office hire, 
and all other expence of Office. 

Voted, That the Sum of One Thousand Dollars be allowed & 
paid unto Thomas Clark for his Salary as Town Clerk the year 
ensuing. 

Voted, that the Sum of Five hundred Dollars be allowed & 
paid unto the Town Advocate for his Salary the year ensuing, he 
to account with the Town for all fees received by him. 

Voted, that the thanks of the Town be given to the 
Moderator. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



296 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

[464.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 4 th Day of 
July A.D. 1811. 9 O'Clock A.M. - 

Thomas Clark 
was Chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed the last year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Indepen- 
dence Reported 

That they had Chosen James Savage Esq. 
who has accepted of the Appointment. 

Adjourned to the Old South Church 
12 O'Clock when 

AN ORATION 

was delivered by James Savage Esq. to commemorate the Inde- 
pendence of the United States of America. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be, and hereby are appointed a 
Committee to wait on James Savage Esq. in the name of the 
Town, and thank him for the elegant and spirited Oration, this 
day delivered by him at the request of the Town, upon the anni- 
versary of American Independence in which were considered the 
feelings, manners, and principles, which produced the great 
national event ; and to request of him a copy for the press. 

Voted, That the Gentlemen be, and hereby are appointed a 
Committee, to apply to some able learned Gentleman to deliver 
an Oration on the 4 th day of July 1812 That day being the 
anniversary of the Independence of the [465] United States of 
America, wherein the Orator is to consider the feelings, manners, 
and principles which led to the great National Event ; as well . 
as the important & happy effects, whether General or Domestic, 
which have already, or will forever flow from that Auspicious 
Epoch. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 11 th Day of 
November A. D. 1811 10, O'Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 
Charles Bulfinch Esq. chosen Moderator. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1812. 297 

This Meeting was called in conformity to a Law of this Com- 
monwealth, Regulating the Selection of Grand, Traverse & petit 
Jurors. 

The Law of March 12 th . 1808. & the Law respecting Engine 
Men passed November 17 th . 1808, being read. it was Voted, 
that it is expedient to excuse all Engine Men from serving as 
Jurors. 

The Selectmen laid before the Town the names of two lists of 
Persons they had selected, [466] one to serve as Grand & Tra- 
verse Jurors at the Supreme Judicial Court, & the other to serve 
as Petit Jurors at the Court of Common Pleas. 

The foregoing Report being considere'd it was moved & 
Voted. That the Town confirm the doings of the Selectmen. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



1812. 

[467.] At a Meeting of the male Citizens of the Town of 
Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public Town Meet- 
ing assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the ninth day of 
March AD. 181210 O'Clock A.M. and by adjournment at 
3 O'Clock P.M. on the same day Prayer by the Rev d . Mr. 
Thacher. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Stephen Codman Esq. 
chosen Moderator. 

Laws, & Extracts of Laws read. 

Thomas Clark 

was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensuing the Oath of Office 
was administered to him by Stephen Codman Esq. 

Charles Bulfinch Francis Wright 

Ebenezer Oliver Joseph Foster 

Jonathan Hunnewell Nathan Webb 

John May Benjamin Weld and 

Joseph Lovering Esquires 
were chosen Selectmen for the year ensuing. 

Voted unanimously, That the Thanks of the Town be given to 
William Porter Esq. for his faithful services as one of the Select- 
men for fourteen years past. 



298 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

[468.] Voted, That the choice of County and Town Treas- 
urers and Collector be postponed to an adjournment of this 
Meeting ; and that a Committee be chosen to examine the state 
of the Town Treasury & to request of the Court of the General 
Sessions of the peace for the County of Suffolk a statement of the 
affairs of the County Treasury and to consider the expediency 
of uniting the office of County & Town Treasurer in the same 
person and to report at an Adjournment. 

The following Gentlemen were chosen a Committee in consequence 
of the foregoing vote viz. 

Josiah Snelling, Redford Webster, 

Ephraim Elliot, John Brown, 

William Alline, Nehemiah Parsons, 

Stephen Codman John Lowell, 

Isaac Winslow, Joseph Tilden, & 

Isaac P. Davis Joshua Davis Esqs. 

Voted, That the Committee Report on the second Monday of 
April next, being the thirteenth day of said Month. 

Voted, That the Committee be requested to- have their report 
printed and distributed for the information of the Inhabitants, 
one week at least before the said second Monday in April next. 

William Smith Joseph Coolidge Jun r . 

William Phillips Joseph Richards 

Redford Webster Bryant P. Tilden 

[469.] Thomas Perkins William Mackay 

Samuel Snelling Ephraim Elliot and 

Oziah Goodwin Jonathan Phillips Esquires, 

were chosen Overseers of the Poor. 

Thomas Melvill Bryant P. Tilden 

Andrew Cunningham Nathan Webb 

John Winslow Geo. Blcnchard 

Stephen Codman Sam 1 . M. Thayer 

John Bray Joseph Tilden 

Jon a . Hunnewell Thomas Page 

Dan 1 . Messinger Joseph Austin 

William Sullivan [47O.] Benj a . Rich 

Benjamin Smith Joseph Lovering 

Nath 1 . Curtiss Francis J. Oliver 

Edward Cruft Gidney King and 

James Phillips John D. Williams Esqrs. 
were chosen Firewards. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to Joseph May, 
Joseph Head, Benjamin Coates, and Ignatius Sargent Esqrs, for 
their faithful services as Firewards for many years past. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1812. 299 

Voted, That in addition to the Selectmen twelve persons shall 
now be chosen a School Committee ; and the votes being collected 
it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen, viz. 
Rev d . W. E. Channing Rev d . Joseph S. Buckminster, Rev d . 
Ch". Lowell, 

Dr. Aaron Dexter, Dr. Tho 8 . Welsh 

Arnold Welles Esq., W m . Smith Esq. 

David Greene. Esq, John Phillips Esq. 

John Heard Esq, William Prescott Esq. 

and Charles Davis Esq. 

Voted, That the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with the 
Selectmen, are termed the School Committee, be and hereby are 
directed to carry the system of Education adopted by the Town 
into operation ; and that said Committee be also authorised & 
empower'd conjunctly to manage and regulate the Government of 
the Schools : and to execute all the powers relative to the Schools 
& [471] School Masters which the Selectmen or such Commit- 
tees as are authorised by the Laws of the Commonwealth or by 
votes of the town to exercise. 

Messrs. Benjamin White Messrs. Joseph Stodder 

John Cogswell Allen Bowker 

W m . Cloustpn W m . Ellison Jun r . 

W m . Ellison Nath 1 . Glover 

Nath 1 . Bradlee Ju r . John Howe Jun r . 

Noah Doggett Rich d . Thayer 

Brad k . Loring Ed. J. Robbins 

Tho 8 . Christie Henry Blake 

William Green Joseph Tucker 

Eleazer Homer Moses Eayres Jun r . 

were chosen Surveyors of Boaids & other Lumber. 

Messrs. Henry Purkett 
Nath 1 . Howe 
John Smith & 
James Eunson, 
were chosen Cullers of Hoops and Staves. 

Messrs. Thomas Barbour Messrs. Charles Pook 

Nath 1 . Howe John Bannister 

Benj Clark John Smith 

Gershom Spear Sam 1 . Smith 

James Eunson Tho 8 . Lewis and 

William Lovis 

were chosen Cullers of Dry Fish. 

Messrs. Benj*. White 

William Ellison and 
Nath 1 . Bradlee Jun r . 
were chosen Fence Viewers. 



300 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

[472.] Messrs. Joseph Cobbett Messrs. Rufus Harrington and 

John Deluce Israel Mead Jun r . 

were chosen Hogreeves. 

Messrs. Joseph Cobbett Messrs. Rufus Harrington and 

John Deluce, (resign'd) Israel Mead 

were chosen Haywards. 

Samuel Emmons and 
James Phillips Esqrs., 
were chosen Surveyors of Hemp. 

Edward Tuckerman and 
Josiah Snelling Esqrs. 
were chosen Surveyors of Wheat. 

Messrs. John Wells, and 

Richard Austin 
were chosen Assay Masters. 

The Selectmen were chosen Surveyors of High Way. 

Messrs. Francis James, 

Michael Homer, and 
Samuel Sprague 
were chosen Inspectors of Lime. 

Voted, That Samuel Brown, W m . Brown, & Stephen Codman 
Esqrs. be, and they hereby are appointed a Committee to audit the 
accounts of the Town Treasurer, and also those of the Over- 
seers of the Poor, & the Board of Health. And said Committee 
are directed to report the sum necessary to be raised for the ser- 
vices of the present year. 

Voted, That the consideration of all money matters [473] be 
referred to the next May Meeting. 

Adjourned to Monday the 13 th day of April next. 
10 o'Clock A.M. 

At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
of twenty one years of age and upwards qualified as the Consti- 
tution prescribes & legally warned, in public Town Meeting 
assembled, at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 6 th day of April A.D. 
1812. 9 O'Clock A.M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . Dr. Lathrop. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or Frame of Government, rela- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1812. 301 

tive to the choice of Governour, Lieutenant Governour, and 
Senators, read 

also the Law for new districting the Commonwealth, passed the 
present year, read. 

It was then declared by the Selectmen, that no Vote should be 
received but such as are unfolded. That the Poll shall be closed 
at half past 2 O' Clock P.M. and that the Bells begin tolling at 
2 O'Clock and continue for half an hour. 

Persons Voted for as Governor with the number of Votes for 
each person viz 

His Exc y . Elbridge Gerry 1833. 

Hon Caleb Strong 3830. 

W m Gray 1. W m Heath 1. 

J Q Adams 1. S m 1 . Dexter 1. 

Theodore Sedgwick 1 . Francis Wilby 1 . 

[474.] Persons Voted for as Lieutenant Governor, with the 
number of votes for each person viz. 

Hon William Phillips 3836. 

Hon William King 1820. 

Joseph B. Varnum 1. W m Gray 1. 

W m Heath 1. H. G. Otis 1. Joseph Storey 1. 

Aaron Paine 1. Jabez Whiting 1. Ez. A. Bourne 1. 

Persons Voted for as Senators for the district of Suffolk, with 
the number of votes for each person, viz. 

Hon 1 . H. G. Otis 3828 

Hon 1 . Jphn Phillips 3831 

Hon 1 . John Welles 3832 

Hon 1 . Peter C Brooks 3829 

Hon 1 . Israel Thorndike 3820 

Hou 1 . David Tilden 1826 

Sam 1 . Brown Esq. 1825 

Russell Sturgis Esq. 1825 

William Little Esq. 1818 

Mr. Caleb Bingham 1823 

W m . Sullivan 1. W m . Prescott 1. S. H. Walley 1. 

Geo. Sullivan 1. Henry Cutter 1. 

David Townsend 2. David S. Eaton 1. 

Jared Austin 1. C. P. Sumner 1. 

Jon a . Harris 1. Alex r . Townsend 1. 

W m . Whitwell Jun r . 1. Geo. Bond 1. 

Rich d . Sullivan 1. Jon a . Wild Jun r . 1. 

Attested Copies of return of the persons voted for as Governor, 
Lieu'. Governor and Senators for the district of Suffolk sealed up 



302 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

in open Town Meeting after the vote had been declared, [475] 
to be transmitted to the Secretary of the Commonwealth as pre- 
scribed by the Law, and directed as follows viz. 

To Benjamin Homans Esq. 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

Votes of the Town of Boston for Governor and Lieutenant 
Governor & Five Senators for the district of Suffolk, sealed up 
in open Town Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Male Citizens of the Town of Boston on 
Monday the 13 th . day of April A.D. 1812. Held by adjourn- 
ment from Monday the ninth day of March last. 

The Committee appointed by the Town at their meeting on the 
ninth day of March last, to examine the state of the Town Treas- 
ury and the affairs of the County Treasury, have attended to the 
duties assigned them, and beg leave to report. 

That the approbation of the Inhabitants of the town expressed 
towards the persons who formed the Committee on the finances of 
the Town the last year, [476] not only by the adoption of all 
the measures, which that Committee recommended, but also by 
the reelection of the same individuals for the same duties the 
present year, affords to them the highest satisfaction, and has 
induced them to persevere in their exertions to restore the finan- 
cial affairs of the Town to a state of prosperity and order. 

It will be seen by a recurrence to the Report of the Committee 
of the last year, that the principal, if not the only cause of the 
derangements of the Towns prudential concerns, was the imper- 
fect manner in which the past taxes had been collected. It will 
be perceived that the Town have always voted sufficient sums to 
meet all the public exigences, if the amount voted had been in 
all cases or could have been promptly collected. 

But from some imperfection in the system of collection it had 
unfortunately happened, that while the Town was paying interest 
for a sum not less than 50,000 Dollars, and the County, which 
may be considered almost in the same light as the Town, was 
indebted to individuals or the Banks nearly to the same amount, 
there was due from individuals to the Town on account of past 
taxes, the enormous sum of 109,000 dollars ; and what aggravated 
this evil in the minds of your Committee, the Town was found to 
pay an usurious douceur to its debtors, not for the anticipation of 
their taxes, but for the [477] performance of their duty, while 
it could demand no interest from those who were delinquent in 
the payment of their taxes to the Town. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1812. 303 

The Committee having ascertained to their satisfaction that 
the above mentioned defect in the collection of the taxes was the 
prolific cause of the embarassment of the Towns affairs, recom- 
mended a remedy which they flattered themselves would be 
effectual. 

If the remedy had failed, as it was a new experiment in a case 
of some difficulty and delicacy, you Committee trust that such 
failure would not, by a liberal & discerning people, have been 
attributed to them. 

If on the other hand, it shall appear to have been successful be- 
yond even the hopes and promises of your Committee, they are 
not disposed to assume to themselves any merit from a measure 
which appeared to them to be pointed out by the simplest and 
most ordinary dictates of prudence and policy. 

Your Committee cannot give to their fellow-citizens more sat- 
isfactory means of judging of the effects of the system recently 
adopted than by reporting to them the amount of taxes laid for 
the five years last ensuing, and the amount collected on each tax 
prior to the 1 st . of March in each year. 

Amount of tax 1807 134,231.83 

Amount paid 1 st March 1808 - - - - 60,626.79 



Amount unpaid on 1 st . March 1808 $73,605. 4 

[478.] Tax for 1808 102,533.33 

Amount paid to March 1 st . 1809 - - - 51,722.83 



due March 1 st 1809 50,760.50 



Tax for 1809 130,219.98 

Amount paid March 1 st 1810 - - - - 60,267.51 



due March 1 st . 1810 - - - - 69,952.47 



Tax for 1810 140,306.45 

Amount paid to 1 st March 1811 - - - 68,848.86 



due 1 March 1811 71,457.59 



Tax for 1811 (since new system) 135,792.61 

Amount paid to I 8t March 1812 - - - 116,184.79 



Due March 1 st . 1812 - - - $19,607.82 

Thus it will be perceived, that the amount paid on the tax of 
the last year, (without an usurious premium to the debtors of the 
Town) is nearly twice as great as the average paid in the same 
period, during the four years next preceding, and the amount 
due to the town on account of the last years tax is not more than 
one third part as great as that of former years. 



30 i 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



The importance of this last idea will be manifest to every man 
who feflects that a very large proportion of public and private 
debts, are lost by delay ; that the citizen who will not, or who 
pretends that he cannot pay his tax during the year in which it is 
assessed, is very little likely to pay it either cheerfully or easily 
when another is added to it. 

The statement of the Town Treasurer, which the Committee will 
next exhibit, affords a most salutary lesson [479] on this 
subject. It is a commentary on their report, which leaves but 
little argument; for while 116,000 Dollars out of 135,000 have 
been collected on the last years tax, the town Treasurer does not 
acknowledge the Receipt of more than 24,000 dollars during the 
past year, out of the large sum of 109,000 due for taxes, laid & 
assessed preceding the past year. Your Committee forbear to 
press any further remarks on this subject, for the facts them- 
selves are too plain and too forcible to require any illustration. 
The Committee have received from Town Treasurer, the following 
statement of the towns affairs, on the first of March last. 



Received on outstanding taxes 

D. on Rents 

D. on Neck Lands - 

D. on Military fines 

D. on Land on Common street &c - - 
D. on tax for 1811 

Cash received from State, for States 
Poor 6225.94 

This amount transferred on Select- ^ 
mens draft to Town Treasury by a 
vote of the Town on account of 
trust of Neck land J 8484.28 

Rec d . of Francis Wright Esq. for an 

Engine -._ 75. 

Selectmens draft in favor of the New ^ 
England Insurance office, awarded for 
widening Ex[change] lane, paid by a \~ 5500. 
note on Interest by order of the j 
Selectmen J 



24037.94 

6317.46 

990. 2 

188. 

3000. 

116184.79 

$150,718.21 



20285.22 

Doll 8 . 171,003.43 



[48O.] Due from Brazer on Award 5000. 

D Notes for land sold - - 14015. 

Selectmens drafts from May 1 st 1811 

to Feb*. 1812 ------- 48312.09 

D. on D. May 1811 22037.10 



Amount paid thereon - 



70349.19 
64536.41 



5812.78 



BOSTON TOWN RECOKDS, 1812. 



305 



Overseers drafts balance due May 

I 81 . 1811 

D. drawn from May 1 st . 1811 to 
. 1812 



Amount paid 

Board of Health 
Balance to May 1811 - 
Drafts to Feb*. 1812 - 



Amount paid to March 1 st . 1812 

Notes payable May 1 st . 1811 - - 

Note to New England 

Insurance office - 



Amount paid to March 1 st . 1812 
Amount due 



10287.83 
17559. 3 

27846.86 
25467.82 

317.95 
5310.38 

$5628.33 
5404.38 

50317.22 
5500. 

55817.22 
20496.30 

55320.92 



Amount paid County of Suffolk 
Amount paid State Treasurer - 



Amount due to the County of Suffolk 
Amount due to the State - - - - 



61,214 
17,853 



Boston 4 th April 1812 
Received - - - - 
Paid 



William Smith 



Balance on hand to New Account 



2379.4 



223.95 



32541.50 
20081. 



171003.43 
168527.41 

$.2376.02 



From the above Statement it appears that although the tax of 
last year has been collected with an unexampled degree of 
promptitude, and although the [481] important amount of 
168,000 Dollars have been paid by the Town Treasurer within ten 
months of the past year, yet that the Town is still greatly in 
arrears, owing as your Committee conceive, to the great ballance 
still uncollected of the past taxes, amounting in the whole to a 
sum exceeding one hundred thousand dollars. 

Before your Committee proceed to report on the affairs of the 
County, they would beg leave to state, that they apprehend that 
further and more energetic measures should be adopted by the 
Town Treasurer for the collection of the arrearages of past taxes, 
and that although great effects have been already produced by the 
prompt measures adopted with regard to the taxes of the last 
year, yet they apprehend that the votes of the Town on that 



306 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

subject have not been fully complied with, otherwise there would 
not have been so considerable a sum still due on the last years 
tax. The Committee are of opinion, that a strict and firm 
execution of the votes and intention of the Town ought not to 
leave on the first of March one dollar uncollected of the past 
years tax. If there are, as perhaps there may be, individuals, 
overtaxed, or who are unable to pay, the abatements ought to be 
made before March so that the current years tax should in every 
instance be settled before the Meeting in that month, either by 
payment or by abatements, where the parties are either unable to 
pay or have been overcharged. 

No individual, and certainly no corporation, can expect to have 
their affairs in a regular and well ordered state, while they con- 
tinue to suffer the debts due to them to accumulate, at the same 
time that their expenditures are uniform, and exceed the amount 
actually collected. 

[482.] The Committee further report, that in pursuance of 
the other branch of their commission they made application to the 
Hon 1 . the Justices of the County Court for permission to investi- 
gate the affairs of the County ; and that honourable Court, with 
great readiness and civility was pleased to authorize four members 
of the Towns Committee to call the County Treasurer to a settle- 
ment, and to investigate fully the state of the financial affairs of 
the County. The Gentlemen thus authorized immediately waited 
on the County Treasurer; but they regret to state, that they 
found his state of health so feeble as to render it absolutely 
impracticable for him to settle his accounts, or to afford them the 
information desired by the Town. They feel it however incum- 
bent on them in justice to a respectable citizen to state, that the 
County Treasurer claims a balance against the Town, and from 
the general course of the county concerns, the small sums paid 
over to him in comparison with the numerous demands upon him 
in his said capacity, as well as from other circumstances, your 
Committee have reason to believe that he would be able to liqui- 
date his accounts with reputation to himself, if the state of his 
health would permit. 

In order however, to enable the town to form a tolerably correct 
idea of the state of the affairs of the County, your Committee 
subjoin a statement of the situation of the County debts and 
credits furnished to them by one of the Justices of the Hon 1 . 
County Court who has been long and intimately acquainted with 
its concerns, and who has generally been authorized to settle the 
accounts of the County Treasurer. 

[483.] Estimate of Debts due from the County of Suffolk. 

To the Union Bank 14100 

To the Boston Bank 12000 

To the Massachusetts Bank - - - - 12000 

38100. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1812. 307 

To several Justices of the peace 1200. 

To the Sheriff on sundry accounts 1000. 

To Dep y Sherifs, Constables & Goaler - ... 500. 

To Attorney General and Solicitor & county 

attorney ----- 300. 

To the Coroners 100. 

To the Judge of Probate -.--__.- 140. 

To the Physician of the Goal ------- 120. 

To Witnesses 500. 

To Jurors 1000. 

To Stationers & Binders 152. 

To Mechanics 250. 

To Tudor for rent 138. 

For want of documents some debts omitted say - 500. 



$44000. 

New Court house to complete, viz 
Jeremiah Gardner on contract - - - 12000 
D. his extra Bills 2500 

14500. 
paid him 8300. 

6200. 

Josiah Bemis all his Bills - - - - 33000. 

paid him 22500. 

10500. 
Wall for Iron doors windows and 

railing 1500. 

Painting & Glazing 1000. 

Hardware bills 500. 

Plastering and other Masons work to 

finish 800. 

Slates & Slating Roof 900. 

Glass 400. 

John Lowell, for land bought of him & 

Freeman 5330 



10430 60700. 

[484.] Amount brought up - - 10430 60700. 
Ezekiel Prices heirs for land unliqui- 
dated, say - 1600. 

Extra work fitting up the Offices - - 270 

12300. 



$73000. 
Submitted by 

William Donnison Committee 
Dec r . 31 8t . 1811. 

County of Suffolk Statement of taxes for 1810 & 1811. 
whole amount of the County tax for 1810. 



308 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 11. 5. 



Boston's part of 1810 tax is - - - 40489.12 

Chelsea's part of 1810 tax is - - 510.88 

Whole amount of County tax for 1811 

Boston's part of 1811 tax is - - - 44439.28 

Chelsea's part of 1811 tax is - - 560.72 

Balance of tax for 1810 unpaid, 

receivable from Town of Boston - - 22993.83 

whole of Boston's tax for 1811 unpaid 44439.28 



Chelsea's part of County tax for 
1811 unpaid 



Dec r . 31. 1811. 



Outstanding 



$41,000. 

$45000. 

67433.11 

560.72 

$67,993.83 



From this statement it will appear, that whenever the Town 
Treasurer shall have paid over to the County Treasurer the sums 
which have been actually assessed for County expences, and a 
great part of which has been received, a very small ballance only 
will be due from the County to individuals, or to the Banks. It 
is true that from this statement it would seem that the County is 
largely indebted to the Banks, and to Private persons ; but it 
will be seen that as soon as the Town Treasurer shall have dis- 
charged the proportion of taxes due to the County, and assessed 
by the Town, the amounts due by the County will be very insig- 
nificant : and it is also necessary to remark that one [485] of 
the largest sums in which the Town stands indebted is that which 
it owes to the County, and it would be therefore erroneous to 
consider the whole debt due from the Town, and the debt due 
from the County as distinct sums, because as soon as the County 
Treasurer shall receive from the Town the amount due to the 
County, he will be enabled to discharge nearly the whole amount in 
which the County stands indebted. These remarks have been 
more detailed because an opinion has prevailed that the affairs of 
the County were in -a deranged & embarrassed state, and that if 
examined they would show, that the Town which nearly constitutes 
the County, is much more largely indebted than the accounts of 
the Town Treasurer lead us to suppose : This idea is proved to 
be erroneous, and the amount due from the Town, it will be seen, 
includes nearly the whole of the County debt. Considerable 
interest has been excited by the erection of the New Court 
House ; an edifice called for by every consideration of prudence 
and policy. It has been supposed that the erection of this build- 
ing would involve the Town and county in enormous expences. 
Your Committee have investigated that subject, and after pro- 
curing the estimate of Judge Donnison, who in his capacity of 
Judge, both of the Court of Common Picas, and of the County 
Court, has been more intimately acquainted with the cost of this 
edifice than any other man, as well as from the statement of the 



BOSTON TOWN HECORDS, 1812. 309 

agent for the erection of the Court House, your Committee find 
that the whole cost of that building will not exceed sixty eight 
thousand dollars. It is also an agreeable circumstance that the 
Committee are able to add, that nearly the whole of this sum has 
been already assessed [486] and raised during the last three 
years, in so moderate and judicious a manner, that it has not 
appeared materially to increase the ordinary aggregate of the 
Towns taxes. when therefore the outstanding taxes shall have 
been collected, and their due proportion paid over to the County, we 
shall have the satisfaction to have nearly discharged the bills for 
an edifice highly ornamental to the Town, important to the 
convenience of the Courts, witnesses and Jurors, and absolutely 
essential to the safe preservation of the public records. With 
respect to the expediency of uniting the two offices of County & 
Town Treasurer in one person, the Committee report, that as the 
law now stands, this would be impracticable to effect by any vote 
of the Town. The only effect of such a vote would be a recom- 
mendation to the citizens to unite their suffrages in the same 
person, and as the choice is by ballot, it will be perceived that 
such a recommendation might have but little effect on the friends 
of candidates for said offices. But your Committee are further 
of opinion, that during the present year it would be inexpedient 
so to unite the two offices. 

The settlement of the Accounts of the present Treasurer, and 
the efficacious measures which ought to be taken by the new 
Treasurer, to bring about a system of order in the County affairs, 
would for the current year fully occupy an able, intelligent, well 
informed accomptant, without permitting him to attend to the 
united duties of Town Treasurer & Collector. 

Your Committee would, however, recommend that the Town 
should furnish an office to the County Treasurer, adjacent to that 
of the Treasurer of the Town, and that the County Court be 
respectfully requested to enjoin on the County Treasurer to trans- 
act all his official business in [487] said apartments. One 
object, among many others, to be attained by such arrangement, 
is, that persons might not get orders from the County Treasurer 
for services rendered to the County while they stood indebted to 
the Town for taxes or otherwise. 

Your Committee further report, that it is highly expedient, that 
the Town Treasurer & Collector should regularly at least once in 
every week, pay over to the County Treasurer the proportion due 
to the County of the amount received for taxes during such week. 
We should then never witness the extraordinary fact of the Towns 
being indebted to the County nearly 60,000 Dollars. The County 
would not be obliged to procure all its work done at a disadvanta- 
geous rate, because payable only in orders for taxes ; and one 
step at least would-be taken towards the restoration of order and 
regularity, without which no true system of economy can exist. 

Your Committee conclude, by recommending a new injunction 
on the Town Treasurer, to cause all the back taxes to be col- 
lected, where the assessors shall not abate them, and a literal 



310 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

compliance with the vote of last spring as to all taxes which may 
be hereafter assessed. 

It ought to be understood, that the taxes should be paid with 
the same promptitude as the duties at the Custom house, and the 
moment any indulgence is introduced, an indulgence as injurious 
to the individual as to the Town, the floodgates of disorder are 
thrown open, and the affairs of the Town will continue to be in a 
state of derangement ill suited either to its reputation or its 
interests. 

Josiah Snelling N. 1. 

R Webster N. 2. 

Ephraim Elliot N. 3. 

John Brown N. 4. 

W m . Alline N. 5. 

Neh h . Parsons N. 6. 

Stephen Codman N. 7. 

Jn. Lowell N. 8. 

Isaac Winslow N. 9. 

Joseph Tilden, -N. 10. . 

J. P. Davis N. 11. 

Joshua Davis N. 12. 
April 6 th . 1812. 

[488.] The foregoing Report was read and accepted by the 
Town. 

The Town voted to proceed to the choice of County Treasurer, 
which vote was reconsidered & three O'Clock PM was assigned, 
afterwards it was Voted to postpone the Choice of County Treas- 
urer to Friday next 10 o'Clock 

Adjourned to Friday next 17 th . Instant. 

Friday April 17 th . 1812. 
The Town met according to adjournment. 

Votes for a County Treasurer were received, sorted and counted 
by the Moderator & Town Clerk, when it appeared that, 

John Winslow Esq. had - - 852 Votes 

Thomas Badger Esq. - - - 76 " 

Jos. Foster Esq. 27. John Boyle 22. - - - 49 " 

Samuel Brewer 7. Nath 1 . Noyes 6. - - 13 " 

Step". Codman Esq. 5. Caleb Bingham2. - - 7 " 
James Scott - 2. Benj Homans 2. - - 4 " 

Seth Kent - - - - 1. David Tilden Esq. 1. - 2 " 
William Smith - - - 1. Josiah Bachelder 1. - 2 " 
Andrew Sigourney - 1 . Rev d . J S J Gardiner 1 . 2 " 

Skinner the younger 1" 



whole number 1008 Votes 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1812. 311 

William Smith Esq. was chosen Town Treasurer & Collector 
for the year ensuing. 

A memorial was received from William Smith Esq., praying 
that the Town would allow him an assistant Clerk, for reasons 
set forth in his memorial. The same being read it was moved 
and Voted, 

That the application of the Town Treasurer for the allowance of 
a Clerk be referred for consideration, to the Committee chosen in 
March to examine the state of the Town and County Treasury, 
& that they report at the May Meeting. 

Voted, That the same Committee be desired to examine [489] 
particularly the state of the outstanding taxes ; to consider what 
instructions are necessary for the assessors relative to abate- 
ments ; and in conjunction with the auditors of accounts to con- 
sider what amount of tax is necessary and expedient for the 
present year & report at the next May Meeting. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to Stephen Cod- 
man Esq. for his services as Moderator. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
of twenty one years of age & upwards, qualified as the Constitu- 
tion prescribes at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 14 Ul . day of May 
A.D. 1812. '9 O'Clock A.M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . Dr. Elliot. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting. read. 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or Frame of Government, which 
relate to the choice of Representatives read 

The return of the assistant assessors signifying that the Major 
& Minor Polls of this Town for the present year were 10,157. 
being also read The Inhabitants were directed by the Select- 
men, to bring in their Votes for Representatives not exceeding 
forty five. The Poll to be closed at half past 1. O Clock. 

After the Poll was closed, the Selectmen proceeded to count & 
sort the votes, when it appeared that the following Gentlemen 
were Elected Representatives for the year ensuing viz, 

William Smith Esq. Samuel Cobb Esq. 

William Brown Esq. Jonathan Hunnewell Esq. 

Benjamin Russell Esq. Charles Davis Esq. 



312 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Benjamin Whitman Esq. James Robinson Esq. 

William Hammatt Esq. Mr. John Parker 
Mr. Isaac P. Davis William H. Sumner Esq. 

Mr. Ephraim Thayer Mr. Josiah Knapp 

Benj a . Weld Esq. Mr. Oliver Keating 
[49O.] Mr. Nathan Webb Daniel Messenger Esq. 

George G. Lee Esq. Mr. William Porter 

John May Esq. Sam 1 . M. Thayer Esq. 

George Blanchard Esq. Nath 1 . Curtis Esq. 

Mr. Richard Faxon Mr. Samuel Dunn 

Mr. John D. Howard Mr. Thacher Goddard 

Mr. Lynde Walter Mr. Jonathan Loring 
Mr. Jonathan Whitney Sam 1 . J. Prescott Esq. 

Alexander Townsend Esq. Lemuel Shaw Esq. 

James Savage Esq. Charles Jackson Esq. 

Henry Sargent Esq. Joseph Tilden Esq. 

Mr. William Harris Mr. Barzillia Homes 

Mr. Andrew Sigourney Mr. Joseph Pierce 

Mr. Thomas Barry Mr. Joshua Ellis 

Declaration of the choice was then made and the Meeting was 
Dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the male citizens of the town of Boston duly 
qualified & legally warned in public Town Meeting assembled at 
Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 20 th day of May A.D. 1812. 10 
oClock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Hon 1 . John Phillips Esq. 
chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed to audit the accounts of the Town, 
have attended that service and ask leave to report ; That they 
have examined the Town Treasurer's Accounts, and have found 
them well vouched & right cast, that a balance remained in his 
hands on the first instant, of Four thousand three hundred & 
ninety two dollars and sixty one 'cents, which is carried to the 
credit of the Town in his new account. The Committee report 
as their opinion, that it will be expedient for the Town to grant a 
tax of Seventy five thousand dollars, to be assessed on the Inhab- 
itants, to defray the expences [491] of the Town for the cur- 
rent year, agreeably to the annexed estimate. And the Committee 
presume altho fifteen hundred dollars more is proposed to be 
assessed the present year, than was assessed the last year, that 
the tax will be less felt by the Inhabitants^ as the County tax 
will be much less the present than it was the last year. 



BOSTON TOWN RECOBDS, 1812. 313 

To meet Selectmens drafts $55000. 

Overseers of the Poor 23000. 

Board of Health 7000. 



85000 
Deduct for Rents 10000 



$75000 
All which is Submitted 

Sam 1 . Brown 
W m . Brown 
Boston May 19 th . 1812. Step h . Codman 

The foregoing Report was read and accepted by the Town. 

Voted that the sum of Seventy five Thousand Dollars be raised 
by a tax to be assessed on the Polls & Estates of the Inhabitants 
of this Town to defray the expences of the current year. 

The Committee appointed by the Town on the 17 th . day of 
April last, to make certain enquiries and investigations relative 
to the allowance to be made to the Town Treasurer, for an 
Assistant, and also the state of the taxes outstanding and other 
subjects mentioned in the vote of the Town beg leave to 
Report. 

That as it respects the petition of the Town Treasurer & Col- 
lector, for an Assistant, or Clerk in his office to be furnished at 
the expence of the Town The Committee beg leave to state 
That by conversing with Mr. Smith (the [492] present Treas- 
urer & Collector) it appears that the accumulation of past taxes 
and the necessity of a prompt and effectual Collection of them 
has added very much to. the ordinary business of the office. And 
as a large amount of taxes is yet outstanding which may, and 
probably will not be collected for several months and as the 
Committee think it reasonable that the Treasurer and Collector 
should be furnished with an assistant at the Towns expence to 
aid him in the collection of back taxes they therefore beg leave 
to recommend the Town to allow Mr. Smith the sum of six hun- 
dred dollars for the Salary of an assistant with suitable qualifica- 
tions to be appointed by him for this year only, and they beg it 
to be distinctly understood that this is in consideration of the 
extra trouble arising from the collection of past taxes at present 
in arrears, owing to the non collection of them in past years 
and the whole of which they hope will be disposed of the ensuing 
year either by payment or abatement. The Committee find 
further from Mr. Smith that the Mass of taxes have been collected 
by Three Deputy Collectors (instead of Four as originally 
allowed by the Town) and that he has divided the grant of 
Twelve hundred Dollars (originally made by the Town as the 



314 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

compensation to Four Collectors) amongst the Three this 
allowance is considerably increased by the charges of warrants 
fifty cents each summonses Twenty cents each and a pound- 
age on collection of Four Per Cent and it is supposed by Mr. 
Smith, that three active & attentive persons could as effectually 
collect the taxes as Four and that the Salary three hundred dollars 
each with those perquisites would be a sufficient emolument. 

The Committee therefore do recommend that the sum fifteen 
hundred dollars Per annum be granted to [493] Mr. Smith for 
the Salary of Deputy Collectors and assistant Clerk instead of 
twelve hundred Dollars granted the last year. The Committee 
further report, that doubts having arisen on that part of their 
authority which relates to instructions to the assessors for the 
abatement of taxes assessed prior to the year 1811 they requested 
the opinion of counsel on the question of the existing powers of 
the permanent Assssors, but not having received that opinion, 
the Committee recommend that for the present, and untill the 
further order of the Town, the permanent assessor should pro- 
ceed in making abatements of taxes, as heretofore, with this 
exception however, that no person shall be allowed any abate- 
ment for such portion of the taxes assessed upon him for any 
real estate of which he was the owner, as were assessed upon the 
real estate owned by such person. The Committee further 
report, that in conjunction with the auditors of the Towns 
accounts, they have examined the sum necessary to be raised for 
the ensuing year, and agree with them in recommending to the 
Town to raise the sum of Seventy five thousand dollars for the 
Towns current expences for the ensuing year. 
In behalf of the Committee, 

Per Order, Joseph Tilden, Secretary. 
Boston 19 th May 1812. 

The foregoing Report was Read & accepted by the Town. 

On the application of the Overseers of the Poor It was moved 
and voted, that they be authorized to use control and manage 
the whole of the Alms house Estate in such manner as they may 
judge most useful to the purposes of that establishment, and that 
a major part of them have liberty to lease any part of the land 
for a term of years [494] on such conditions as they may think 
for the interest of the Town, for the purpose of erecting a hospi- 
tal, maniac, workhouse or other buildings for charitable purposes, 
and to make and execute all such Deeds as may be necessary. 

Voted, That the School Committee be empowered to take imme- 
diate measures for the removal or the Center Reading & Writing 
School house from the front of the New Court house : and that 
for this purpose they be authorized and empowered to enlarge or 
rebuild the Latin School house in such a manner as to accommo- 
date the reading, writing & Latin Schools. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1812. 315 

Voted, that the Selectmen be authorised and empowered to 
appropriate for an open passage way to the New Court house, 
the whole, or such portion as they shall consider most eligible, of 
the land now under and appertaining to the School house in School 
street. 

Voted, That if the above Committee shall not consider it necessary 
to appropi'iate the whole of said land for the passage way above 
mentioned ; that the Selectmen shall be empowered to sell the 
remainder of such land, and also a piece of land lying on the 
North boundary of Beacon hill & fronting on Derne street to 
reimburse in part the expence of enlarging or building the Latin 
School house. 

Voted, That the sum of Two hundred Dollars be appropriated 
towards maintaining a School for African children, under the 
direction of the School Committee. 

Voted, That the sum of Seven hundred & fifty dollars, be 
allowed and paid unto Hon 1 . Thomas Dawes Esq. for his Salary 
as Judge of the Municipal Court the present year. 

Voted, That the sum of Fifteen hundred Dollars be allowed 
& paid unto William Smith Esq. as Treasurer & Collector of taxes 
the present year. 

[495.] Voted, That the sum of one thousand Dollars be 
allowed and paid unto Thomas Clark for his salary as Town Clerk 
the present year. 

Voted, that the sum of Eight hundred & sixteen Dollars be 
allowed and paid unto each of the three Assessors for their ser- 
vices in that office the year ensuing. 

Theophilus Curtis chosen Hogreave & Hayward, in place of John 
Deluce resigned. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to the Hon 1 . John 
Phillips Esq. for his services as Moderator at this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the male Citizens of the Town of Boston qualified 
as the law directs, at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 11 th . day of 
June A.D. 1812 10 O'Clock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Hon. Thomas Dawes Esq. was chosen Moderator. 



316 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Hon 1 . Daniel Sargent Esq. offered the following Resolutions, 
which were read considered and Unanimously adopted by the 
Town viz, 

Resolved ; That in the opinion of this Town, it is of the last 
importance to the interests of this Country to Avert the threat- 
ened calamity of War with Great Britain ; and also to restore 
the freedom of our Commerce ; if these important objects can 
be attained, [496] consistently with the safety and honor of the 
American Nation. 

Resolved that, a Committee of twelve be appointed, to take into 
consideration the present alarming state of our public affairs, 
in these respects and report what measures, in their opinion, it is 
proper for the Town to adopt at this momentous crisis. 

The following Gentlemen were chosen on the Committee viz. 
Hon John C Jones, Hon 1 . Thomas Dawes, Hon William Brown, 
James Perkins Esq. Hon 1 . Israel Thorndike, Hon 1 . Sam 1 . Dexter, 
Hon 1 . Harrison G. Otis, Hon 1 . Ed S* Loe Livermore, Hon 1 . 
Dan 1 Sargent, Charles Jackson Esq., Cap". Gamaliel Bradford, 
Col. W m . H Sumner. 

Adjourned to Monday next the 15 th . instant, 10 o'Clock 
A.M. 

Monday 15 June 10 o'Clock. A.M. 

The Town being assembled, according to adjournment, the fol- 
lowing Report was presented by the Committee. 

The Committee appointed by the Town of Boston, to take into 
consideration the present alarming state of our public affairs, and 
report what measures in their opinion it is proper for the Town 
to adopt, at this momentous crisis, 

Respectfully Report, 

That the recent proceedings of the government of the United 
States justify the belief, that measures of direct hostility against 
Great Britain have received the sanction of one branch of the 
Legislature, and probably have already become law ; or, if sus- 
pended, that they will finally be resumed and enforced. While 
the [497] temper and views of the national administration are 
intent upon war, an expression of the sense of this Town, will, 
of itself, be quite ineffectual, either to avert this deplorable 
calamity, or to accelerate a return of peace. but believing, as 
we do, that an immense majority of the people are invincibly 
averse from a conflict equally unnecessary and menacing ruin to 
themselves, and their posterity ; convinced as we are, that the 
event will overwhelm them with astonishment and dismay ; we 
cannot but trust that a general expression of the voice of the 
people would satisfy Congress that those of their Representa- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1812. 317 

tives who have voted in favor of war, have not truly represented 
the wishes of their constituents ; and thus arrest the tendency of 
their measures to this extremity. 

But should this be hopeless, it will enable the people to com- 
bine their operations in order to produce, by constitutional means, 
a change of men and measures, and rescue the nation from ruin. 
From the commencement of the system of Commercial restric- 
tions, the Inhabitants of this Town (Inferior we trust to none in 
ardent patriotism and attachment to the Union) have appeared to 
render themselves obnoxious to the national administration, and 
its partisans in this State, by their foresight and predictions of 
the utter inefficacy, destructive operation and ultimate tendency 
of this unprecedented and visionary scheme. They could discern 
in it nothing but a deliberate sacrifice of their best interests, and 
a conformity to the views of France, with whose system it 
cooperates, and whose approbation it receives ; and hostility to 
Britain whose interests it wounds, and whose resentment it was 
calculated to excite. It was for the national Government [498] 
to determine, whether the decrees and aggressions of the belliger- 
ent powers (which commenced with the European war) would 
probably demand of the national honor, retaliation and resistance ; 
or whether the peculiar character of the war, and relative situa- 
tion of our Country, would justify a suspension of our resentment, 
and an adherence to our pacific policy. In the one case, the 
years which have elapsed should have been occupied in warlike 
preparations, which would now have been imposing and formi- 
dable. 

In the other event, it was the dictate of sound policy to pro- 
test against the predatory systems which have annoyed our com- 
merce, and still to have pursued it by all practicable means. But 
government has adopted neither of these courses. It has not pre- 
pared to vindicate our commercial rights upon the ocean, where 
alone they are assailed ; nor has it permitted the Merchant to in- 
demnify himself in any measure for the loss of that commerce 
which is interrupted, by a participation in that which is left. But 
by a strange & infatuated policy, under the pretence of resisting 
the invasion of maritime rights, it has debarred its own Citizens 
from the use of the Ocean ; and professing to avenge the injuries 
sustained from France and England, it has aggravated them by 
its own measures. The Decrees of France, the Edicts of Eng- 
land, and the Acts of Congress, though intended to counteract 
each other, constitute in effect, a triple league for the annihila- 
tion of American commerce ; and our own Government, as if 
weary of waiting for a lingering dissolution, hastens to dis- 
patch the sufferer, by the finishing stroke of a British War. 

Had the policy of Government been inclined towards resist- 
ance to the pretensions of the belligerents, by open war, there 
could be neither policy, reason, or justice in singling out Great 
Britain as the exclusive object of Hostility. [499] If the ob- 
ject of war is merely to vindicate our honor, why is it not declared 
against the first aggressor ? If the object is defence and success, 



318 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

why is it to be waged against the adversary most able to annoy, 
and least likely to yield ? Why at the moment when England 
explicitly declares her Orders in Council repealed whenever 
France shall rescind her Decrees, is the one selected for an enemy, 
and the other courted as a Conqueror? These enquiries lead us 
into contemplations too painful to indulge and too serious to 
express. 

Tho' we cannot discern the least reason for this discrimina- 
tion in favor of France, to justify the disproportionate measure 
of resentment exhibited against England ; still in a war with the 
latter power, there might have been found some consolation had 
our country been in any measure prepared. We might have 
hoped that success would in some instances have rewarded the 
efforts of our squadrons, That our sea coast would have been 
in some measure protected, that the gloom of a long and unequal 
contest might be relieved by the brilliancy of occasional 
exploits. But under present circumstances, there will be no 
scope for valour, no field for enterprise, no chance for success, 
no hope of national glory, no prospect but of a war against 
Great Britain, in aid of the common enemy of the human race; 
and in the end an inglorious peace, in which our ally will desert 
our interest, and act in concert with our enemy, to shackle & 
restrain the commerce of our infant empire, by regulations in 
which they will find a common interest. 

If your Committee are correct in the opinion that [5OO] these 
sentiments are cherished by the great body of the people, it is 
highly expedient that they should be expressed by them in their 
different Towns & Counties, and that the most speedy and con- 
venient mode should be devised to give effect to their will. The 
power of the Country is yet in the hands of the people. Union, 
energy and resolution will cause the public opinion to be respected. 
Our Constitution affords the means of saving our Country, by 
changing the men and measures which have brought upon us 
our present embarrassments. 

It cannot be expected that a great people will quietly consent 
that those who represent them should abuse their trust, and 
wantonly expose them to ruin and disgrace. If then the people 
who are opposed to the present system will move with one accord, 
and express their disapprobation, if, influenced by a sense of 
their dearest and vital interests, they will unite without party 
distinction to save their country from a foreign war, and what is 
still worse to be dreaded, a, foreign yoke, " now is the appointed 
time, now is the day of Salvation." But if overawed by power, 
humbled by suffering, or restrained by erroneous considerations, 
they will submit to be plunged into the troubled Ocean of 
European wars, the melancholy consolation will remain for the 
inhabitants of Boston, while they bow in submission to the cruel 
destiny of their Country, that they have omitted no just occasion 
to warn their fellow citizens of its approach. 

Wherefore your Committee recommend for the adoption of the 
Town the following Resolutions. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1812. 319 

[5O1.] "Whereas the proceedings of the national government 
afford reason to conclude, that it is their determination to involve 
our Country in a war, with great Britain, and meetings of the 
people in a few places have been held, at which measures have 
been adopted, and sentiments expressed, calculated to induce 
government to persevere in those hostile dispositions ; and it 
appearing desireable that the government should have full infor- 
mation of the opinions and wishes of the people. 

Therefore Resolved, That under existing circumstances, the 
Inhabitants of this Town most sincerely deprecate a war with 
Great Britain, as extremely injurious to the interests and happi- 
ness of the people, and peculiarly so, as it necessarily tends to an 
alliance with France, thereby threatening the subversion of their 
liberties and independence. 

That an offensive war against Great Britain alone would be 
manifestly unjust; and that a war against both the belligerent 
powers would be an extravagant undertaking, which is not re- 
quired by the honor or interest of the nation Resolved, That we 
view with just indignation, and emotions inspired with the love of 
our country, the outrages and aggressions which are offered to 
our lawful commerce ; and we believe it is the duty of government 
to commence and proceed with as much diligence as the resources 
of our Country will warrant, in providing for its efficient protec- 
tion by a naval force. And we deem all commercial restrictions, 
as so many engines of destruction, adopted to complete the ruin 
of that portion of our commerce which escapes the rapacity of 
foreign aggressors. 

[5O2.] Resolved, That it is the true policy and duty of this 
nation to adhere to an impartial neutrality ; to abandon com- 
mercial restrictions ; to husband the resources of the country ; to 
indemnify itself against the losses to which its commerce is ex- 
posed in the present European war, by improving those casual 
advantages which arise from this state of things, and which 
cannot be expected in a time of profound peace. That to abstain 
from efforts of impotent resentment, blind rage, or desperate 
policy is not to be deemed submission to any foreign power, but 
a conformity to necessities imposed on our country by an over- 
ruling Providence, for which our courage and patriotism is not 
responsible. That we should endeavour to ride out the storm 
which we cannot direct, and that to plunge into the present war 
would be a wanton and impious rejection of the advantages with 
which the Almighty has blessed our country. 
Resolved, That our free Constitution secures to the people, the 
right at all times to meet together in a peaceable manner, and 
express their opinions on public men and measures, and to 
adopt means for the security of their rights ; and that our fellow 
citizens in this, and other commercial states, are earnestly re- 
quested to join with us in a public expression of their sentiments 
on the system of commercial restrictions and their abhorrence of 
war ; and that this Town, should it become expedient, will ap- 



320 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

point Committees for the purpose of receiving their communica- 
tions, and for corresponding or meeting with them for the 
adoption of such constitutional measures, as may be proposed, 
for [5O3] restoration of our unalienable commercial rights; for 
the security of our peace ; and for the election of such men to 
office, as will use their best endeavours for the promotion of those 
objects, so essential to the preservation of our constitution, to 
the security of our union, and to the prosperity of our country. 

J. C. Jones Chairman 

The foregoing report having been repeatedly read and debated, 
was voted to be accepted. 

Voted, That a suitable number of copies of the foregoing report 
be printed with the signature of the Moderator, and that the 
Selectmen be requested to transmit a copy thereof to each Town 
in this Commonwealth. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to Honl. Thomas 
Dawes for his services as Moderator. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston at Faneuil Hall on Saturday the 4 th day of July 
A.D. 1812 9 o'clock A.M. 

Thomas Clark was chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed the last year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Indepen- 
dence Reported, That they had chosen Benjamin Pollard Esq. 
who has accepted the appointment. 

Adjourned to the old [5O4] South Church where at 12 o'Clock 

AN ORATION 

was delivered by Benjamin Pollard Esq r to commemorate the Inde- 
pendence of the United States of America. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed, a 
Committee to wait on Benjamin Pollard, Esq. in the name of the 
Town, and thank him for the elegant & spirited Oration, this day 
delivered by him at the request of the Town, upon the anniversary 
of American Independence, in which were considered the feel- 
ings, manners & principles, which produced the great national 
event ; and to request of him a copy for the press. 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1812. 321 

Voted, That the Gentlemen Selectmen be, and hereby are ap- 
pointed a Committee, to apply to some able & learned Gentleman 
to deliver an Oration on the fifth day of July 1813. (the 4 th day 
of July in that year falling upon Sunday) the fifth will be cele- 
brated as the Anniversary of the Independence of the United 
States of America ; wherein the Orator is to consider, the feel- 
ings, manners and principles which led to this great national 
event; as well as the important and happy effects, whether 
general or domestic, which have already, or will forever flow from 
that auspicious Epoch. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[5O5.] At a Meeting of the Male Citizens of the Town of 
Boston qualified as the law directs, held on Faneuil Hall on 
Thurday the 6 th day of August AD 1812. 10 o'Clock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Benjamin Weld Esq. 
was chosen Moderator. 

Petitions for calling the Meeting read. 

A motion was made by Col. Sumner that the Town adopt the 
following Resolutions viz. 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, have learnt with heart- 
felt concern, that in the City of Baltimore a most outrageous 
attack, the result of deliberate combination, has been made upon 
the freedom of opinion and the liberty of the press. An infuri- 
ate mob has succeeded in accomplishing its sanguinary purposes, 
by the destruction of printing presses and other property, by 
pulling down buildings that were merely leased to the conductors 
of those presses, by violating the sanctuary of dwelling houses, 
breaking open the public prison and dragging forth from the 
protection of civil authority, the victims of their ferocious pur- 
suit, guilty of no crime but the expression of their opinions, and 
completing the tissue of their enormities, by bruises, wounds & 
murders accompanied with the most barbarous & shocking indig- 
nities. 

In the circumstances attending the origin, the progress, and 
the catastrophe of this Bloody scene, we discern with painful 
emotion, not merely an aggravation of the calamities of the 
present unjust and ruinous war, but a prelude [5O6] to the dis- 
solution of all free government and the establishment of a reign 
of Terror. It is beside, marked with a strong resemblance to the 
early excesses of the French revolution, when opinion was pun- 
ished with death, and when mobs were employed in the breaking 



322 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

open of prisons & the sacrifice of many innocent persons who 
sought protection within their walls. Mobs by reducing men to 
a state of nature defeat the object of every social compact. They 
are equally dangerous to Governments they attempt to subvert, 
and to those who court their support & connive at their outrages. 
But of all Mobs those which volunteer professedly in support of 
Government are the most to be dreaded, unless their assistance is 
openly and promptly rejected. By accepting or even tolerating 
such dangerous allies, it becomes manifest that a Government 
dares not confide in its own strength, or in the unbiassed appro- 
bation of the people. Opposition is discouraged to the violence 
of such a mob, because it assumes to represent and enforce the 
will and pleasure of Government, and the banditti, who unre- 
proved and uncontradicted lead the lawless multitude, feel the 
confidence of commissioned officers. In such a state the civil 
magistrate finds an excuse for his inaction, or a veil for his cor- 
ruption. The sober citizen who trembles in beholding the fury 
of the mob, seeks refuge from its dangers by joining in its 
acclamations. The laws are silenced. New objects of violence 
are discovered. Danger besets all men of all parties in succes- 
sion. The Government of the nation and the Mob Government 
change places with each other. The accessory [5O7] becomes 
the principal The mob erects its horrid crest over the ruins of 
liberty, of property, of the domestic relations of life and of civil 
institutions ; until! satiated or fatigued with slaughter it resigns 
its bludgeons and its pikes at the feet of a dictator, and raises 
its bloody hands to worship some God of its Idolatry, to whose 
more tolerable despotism all ranks of men become ready to 
submit. 

When it is considered that this Country passed through a rev- 
olution, involving its dearest rights, without a single instance of 
ferocious and sanguinary excess on the part of the people, thereby 
affording a memorable proof of their moral feelings, their virtue 
and enlightened character : and when it is also considered that 
the present unhappy war, so repugnant to the wishes and feelings 
of an immense majority of native citizens, does not involve 
interests in any degree comparable with those which were at 
stake in our revolutionary war ; it is derogatory, and inconsistent 
with the American character, that in the commencement of such 
a war, excesses should be committed which the virtue of our citi- 
zens would not endure in a crisis when our liberties were in 
danger and our country actually invaded by standing armies. 
We are therefore compelled to believe that the outrages at Balti- 
more were instigated by foreigners who in their own Country 
have been familiarized to similar scenes, and that French emis- 
saries are the principal agents, and the few deluded natives who 
joined them are merely instruments in their hands. 

While these alarming scenes in a sister state, excite in us 
grateful emotions towards the Almighty Disposer [5O8] of 
human events for the quiet, peace, good order and unanimity 
which we are permitted to enjoy, it behooves us to exercise 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1812. 323 

/ 

becoming vigilance for the preservation of these blessings. 
Although a vast majority of the people of this Town and vicinity 
are deeply impressed with a love of order and a horror of mobs, 
we ought to have too much knowledge of the human character 
and too intimate an acquaintance with history not to know, that 
a few unprincipled assassins may endanger the peace and lives 
of thousands of the well disposed citizens. 

While such wretches who under the cover of night attempt their 
enterprises, are organized, united and systematic the peaceable 
citizens unarmed & unconscious of danger, are without system 
& without plan untill the scaling ladders of the mob are at 
their windows, and their torches at their doors. 

Therefore Resolved, as the sense of the Inhabitants of this 
Town, that the late horrible proceedings in Baltimore in first 
deliberately demolishing a free press and the house in which it 
was established, the repetition of that attack after a long interval, 
the violation of the prison which has ever been considered a 
sanctuary both for the innocent and the guilty, and the barbarous 
massacre of one or more citizens there confined, for no other 
offence than their having defended their own dwelling, and the 
freedom of the press, after the civil authority had neglected & 
refused to protect them, merits the most unqualified censure and 
calls for the most alarming apprehensions for the internal peace 
of our beloved country. 

Resolved, that while we are not disposed to an [5O9] unreason- 
able jealousy of the constitutional authority, nor to impute to our 
Rulers without full proof, and indifference to the rights of the 
citizens ; we cannot refrain from expressing our regret that the 
President of the United States, in whose vicinity and for the 
pretended support of whose measures the excesses were com- 
mitted, has not thought proper to interfere in any known mode 
for their suppression ; especially as the interdiction of shipments 
by the rioters and other outrages are violations of the laws of the 
United States, and as the influence of his high station would 
probably not have been slighted by these pretended supporters of 
his authority we still confide in the hope that the President 
will not think it incompatible with his high station to express his 
disapprobation of these enormities. 

Resolved That we are alarmed, astonished and confounded to 
find, that a paper published at the seat of Government, and 
which is understood on some occasions, to be its organ, not only 
led the way to these scenes of confusion, but has impliedly ap- 
proved and justified them, & that while no mention was made of 
this late horrible massacre in which the blood of our oldest revo- 
lutionary officers flowed in the streets of Baltimore, a severe com- 
mentary was issued in that paper against the spirited address of 
a republican Magistrate of New York, because he expressed his 
abhorrence of Mobs. We will not admit the conclusion which 
these facts would seem to warrant, that these Mobs are not dis- 
countenanced by the Executive of the United States, we would 



324 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

rather consider them as of French origin and the first fruits of 
that unnatural and dreadful alliance into which we have entered, 
in fact, if not in form. 

Resolved, that it is the duty of every good citizen [51O] with- 
out distinction of party, to furnish himself, forthwith, with suit- 
able arms and equipments, and to hold himself ready at a 
moments warning to protect and support the magistrates and 
Sheriff of this County, in suppressing every riot, tumult, or un- 
lawful assembly ; whatever may be the political opinions of the 
persons against whom the same are directed ; and that the 

Hon ble . Daniel Sargent, Hon. J. C. Jones, Major William 
Sullivan, Col. Henry Sargent, Joshua Davis Esquire, Major 
Charles Davis, Cap n . John Cotton, Cap". Henry Purkett, 
Cap". Ozias Goodwin, Major Joseph Tilden, Col. George 
Sullivan & Cap". Jon a . Chapman 

be a Committee to prepare articles of association, for this pur- 
pose ; and to cause the same to be offered for signature to. every 
Citizen of the Town ; and to do whatever further may be neces- 
sary to carry into effect the object of this resolution. 
Resolved, That the said Committee be desired forthwith to cause 
to be assigned alarm posts for each Volunteer or other Company 
of Militia, and to fix and publish the signals of alarm, and to 
communicate the same to the Sheriff of this County. 
Resolved, That the Selectmen of the Town of Boston, be and 
hereby are requested to take all proper & legal measures, which 
may in their opinion be necessary, for the preservation of the 
public order and tranquility of the Town. 

Resolved, That we sincerely condole with the good people of 
Baltimore and Maryland, upon the loss of those highly respect- 
able Citizens who have fallen victims to the unhallowed fury of a 
Foreign Mob ; we consider them Martyrs to the cause of liberty ; 
and to the survivors we offer an Asylum from the rage of 
foreigners, and our assurances of co-operating with them in 
any measures to save our Country. 

[511.] Resolved, That those outrageous proceedings are in 
our opinion attributable to the present wanton, impolitic and 
unjust war, and we fear, but a prelude to greater evils justly to 
be apprehended and that we perceive no refuge from destruc- 
tion, but in a change of our present rulers ; and that we are 
ready to support in the election to the public offices, all those 
who are advocates for peace, without distinction of party. 
Resolved, That while we abstain from all unconstitutional meas- 
ures, we will maintain & exercise the freedom of speech and of 
the press, untill our latest breath, undismayed by the frowns of 
power, the glitter of arms, the threats of placemen, or the vio- 
lence of Mobs. 

The foregoing Resolutions being read and debated a motion 
was made by George Blake Esq. to commit them for amend- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1812. 325 

ment The Question being put it passed in the negative by a 
very large majority. 

The Question was then taken on the Resolutions and passed 
nearly unanimously in the affirmative. 

The article in the Warrant, "To take into consideration, the 
expediency of choosing, and if the Town shall see fit to choose 
Delegates, to correspond with, and meet such other Delegates, as 
have been or may be chosen in other counties, whenever such 
elections shall have been generally made in the different counties 
in the state ; provided the public exigencies shall appear to 
require the meeting of such a Convention to consult together for 
the common good; and to adopt such measures as the public 
interest may require." being read. 

The Hon We . Samuel Dexter Esq. rose, and moved that the 
subject of choosing Delegates, be indefinitely postponed. 

[512.] The subject was debated untill past 2 o'Clock 
when a motion to adjourn was put & carried in the affirmative. 

Adjourned to tomorrow 10 o'Clock. 

Friday August 7 th . 10 o'Clock A.M. 
Met according to adjournment. 

The motion of Mr. Dexter for an indefinite postponement was 
debated until nearly 2 o'Clock when the question was taken & 
passed in the negative by a large Majority. 

It was then (nearly unanimously) voted, That the Hon 1 . Har- 
rison G. Otis, Hon ble . John C. Jones, Hon 1 . Christopher Gore, 
Doct. John Warren, Hon 1 . Ed S*. Loe Livermore, Hon 1 . Daniel 
Sargent, Hon 1 . Artemus Ward, William Parsons Esq. Hon 1 . 
Thomas Dawes, Theodore Lyman Esq. Joseph Head Esq. William 
Sullivan Esq. Samuel Parkman Esq. Charles Jackson Esq. Gen. 
Arnold Welles, James Perkins Esq. Warren Dutton Esq. David 
Sears Esq., & Benjamin Gorham Esq. with one other Delegate 
to be appointed by the town of Chelsea, if said town shall think 
proper to choose one be and they are hereby appointed Delegates 
for the County of Suffolk to correspond with, and meet such 
other Delegates, as have been, or may be chosen in other Coun- 
ties, whenever such elections shall have been generally made in 
the different Counties of the State ; provided the public exigen- 
cies shall appear to require the meeting of such Convention ;, to 
consult together for the common good, and to adopt such meas- 
ures as the public interest may require. 

Voted, That the Town of Chelsea be invited to join with 
[5 13] us in the measures proposed in the foregoing vote ; and 
to choose one Delegate for the same purpose, so as to complete 
the Representation of this County in any Convention that may be 
assembled as aforesaid. 



326 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to Benj a . Weld 
Esq. for his services as Moderator. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Male Citizens of the Town of Boston, 
qualified as the law directs, at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 
7 th . day of October A D 1812. 10 o'Clock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes, 
was chosen Moderator. 

Messrs. Joseph Austin & Robert Williams, were chosen Select- 
men, in room of Francis Wright and John May Esq. deceased. 

Rev d . Horace Holley, Peter O. Thatcher Esq. Mr. Francis J. 
Oliver & Dr. John C. Warren, were chosen Members of the 
School Committee, in the room of J. S. Buckminster & David 
Green Esq. deceased, and of John Phillips and William Prescott 
Esq. resigned. 

Voted, That Hon 1 . Thomas Dawes, Benjamin Russell Esq. 
Jonathan Hunnewell Esq. Charles Bulfinch Esq. & Mr. Andrew 
Sigourney be a Committee to take into consideration the applica- 
tion of Mr. John Odin " That the Town would sell or lease a 
small piece of land in the rear of his warehouse, through which 
the common Sewer passes " & have full power to sell or lease, by 
deed or deeds, [514] by public Auction or otherwise the said 
land on the best terms they can for the benefit of the Town. 

Voted, That the Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor, and the 
Members of the Board of Health, be constituted and appointed a 
Committee of Finance, to superintend the administration of the 
monied concerns of the Town. 

It shall be the duty of this Committee, and they are hereby 
empowered, by sub-committees or otherwise, to consult with the 
Treasurer on the form and manner in which the Books of his 
office shall be kept, to attend to the collection of Taxes, and to 
discharge of the duty of the Collector and his Deputies ; and to 
advise the Assessors relative to abatements. 

And it shall be the duty of said Committee, in conjunction 
with the Treasurer, to prepare a clear and well defined statement 
of the Treasury & of monied concerns of the Town ; to be handed 
to the Auditors of Accounts for their inspection, and to be at 
their disposal, to be laid before the Town at the annual meeting 
in May. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1812. 327 

It was moved to recommend to the Justice of the Court of 
Sessions to extend the debtors limits to the whole Town of 
Boston The question being taken by polling, it appeared there 
were 79 against the motion & 75 in favour of it and so passed 
in the negative. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[515.] At a legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston, duly qualified to vote for Representatives in the Gen- 
eral Court of this Commonwealth, at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
2 d . day of November A.D. 1812. 9 o'Clock, A.M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . Dr. Baldwin. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraphs of a Resolve of the General Court for choosing one 
Representative in the Congress of the United States for Suffolk 
district read. 

The Inhabitants were informed that the Poll would be closed 
at 1 O'clock the Bells to commence tolling at half past 12 
O'Clock. 

Persons voted for as a Representative for the Suffolk District 
in this Commonwealth in the next Congress of the United States, 
viz, 

Hon ble . Artemus Ward - - - - 1527 
Rev d . Horace Holly 5. William Gray Esq. 4 - - 9 

Samuel Dexter Esq. 2. Loammi Baldwin Esq. 2 4 

Caleb Bingham Esq. 1. Sam 1 . Livermore Esq. 1 2 

William Sullivan Esq. 1. W m H. Sumner Esq. 1 2 

Thomas OSelfridge Esq. 1. Daniel Tuttle 1 - - 2 

Thomas Joy Jun r . 1 1 

And declaration made thereof by the Selectmen in public 
Town Meeting. 

A return of the doings of this Meeting was made out (con- 
formable to the one in the Town officer) and put into the hands 
of Alden Bradford Esq., Secretary of the Commonwealth, by the 
Town Clerk. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[516.] At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston, duly qualified to vote for" Representatives to the General 



328 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Court of this Commonwealth, at Faneuil Hall on thursday the 12 
day of November AD 1812 9 O'Clock A.M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . Mr. Gardiner. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed by the Selectmen to bring in 
their written or printed votes for five persons as Electors of Presi- 
dent and Vice President of the United States, for the District of 
Suffolk, Essex and Middlesex. 

The votes were received untill 2 O'Clock when the Selectmen 
declared the Poll to be closed the votes were then sorted & 
counted in open Town Meeting, & a Return made out and directed 
to the Secretary of the Commonwealth, as follows, viz. 

At a legal Town Meeting held at Boston in the County of 
Suffolk on the Twelfth day of November AD. 1812 for the 
choice of Electors of President & Vice President of the United 
States, the undernamed Persons had the number of votes to their 
names respectively annexed, viz. 

Hon 1 . Harrison Gray Otis Esq. 3129 

Hon 1 . Nathan Dane Esq. 3130 

Hon 1 . Jeremiah Nelson Esq. - 3130 

Abraham Bigelow Esq. 3129 

Gen 1 . John Walker 3129 

Hon 1 . William Gray Esq. 831 

[517.] Hon 1 . Samuel Brown Esq. 830 

Moses Townsend Esq. 830 

William Pearce Esq. 830 

Samuel Hoar Esq. 830 

Samuel Dexter Esq. 1. Elisha Ticknor Esq. 1. John Blanchard 1. 
William Austin 1. Thomas Burley 1. 

Sorted, counted and sealed in presence of 

Charles Bulfinch ~) 
Eben r . Oliver 
Jon a . Hunnewell 
Jos. Foster 
Nathan Webb 
Benj Weld 2 

Joseph Levering cc 
Joseph Austin 
Rob*. Williams J 

Attest, Thomas Clark, Town Clerk. 

Declaration of the state of the Votes was then made, & the 
Meeting was Dissolved 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1813. 329 

1813 

[518.] At a Meeting of the Male Citizens of the Town of 
Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public Town Meet- 
ing assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the eighth day of 
March A.D. 1813 10 O'Clock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev d . Mr. Eaton. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Hon 1 . John Phillips Esq. was chosen Moderator. 
Laws respecting the Election of Town Officers read 

Thomas Clark 
was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensuing 

The Oath of office was administered to him by the Honorable 
Moderator. 

Charles Bulfinch, Ebenezer Oliver, Jonathan Hunnewell, Joseph 
Foster, Nathan Webb, Benj". Weld, Joseph Lovering, Joseph 
Austin and Robert Williams Esquires were chosen Selectmen for 
the year ensuing. 

The oath respecting Elections, required by law to be taken by 
the Selectmen, was Administered to them by the Moderator. 

William Smith William Phillips 

Redford Webster Thomas Perkins 

Samuel Snelling Ozias Goodwin 

Joseph Coolidge Ju r . Joseph Richards 

Bryant P. Tildeii William Mackay 

Ephraim Elliot Jonathan Phillips Esquires 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor. 

[519.] Thomas Melvill Andrew Cunningham 

John Winslow Stephen Codman 

John Bray Jonathan Hunnewell 

Daniel Messinger William Sullivan 

Benjamin Smith Nath 1 . Curtis 

Edward Cruft James Phillips 

Bryant P. Tilden Nathan Webb 

George Blanchard Samuel M Thayer 

Joseph Tilden Thomas Page 

Joseph Austin Benjamin Rich 

Gedney King Francis J Oliver 

Joseph Lovering John D. Williams 

were chosen Fire Wards. 



330 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



Voted, That in addition to the Selectmen twelve persons, shall 
now be chosen a School Committee; and the votes being 
collected it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen, 



viz. 



Rev d . William E. Channing 
Rev d . Horace Holley 
Doct r . Thomas Welsh 
Charles Davis 
Peter O. Thacher 
William Smith 



Rev d . Charles Lowell 
Doct r . Aaron Dexter 
Doct r . John C. Warren 

John Heard Ju r . 

Francis J. Oliver 

William Welles Esquires. 



Voted, That the above named G-entlemen, who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are termed the School Committee, be and hereby 
are directed to carry the system of Education adopted by the 
Town into operation ; and that said Committee be also authorized 
& empowered to manage and regulate the Government of the 
Schools ; and to execute all the powers relative to the Schools & 
School Masters, which the Selectmen or such Committees are 
authorized by the laws of the Commonwealth or by votes of the 
Town to exercise. 



Messrs. Benjamin White 
William Clouston 
Nath 1 . Bradley Jun r . 
Braddock Loring 
[52O.] William Green 
Joseph Stodder 
William Ellison Jun r . 
John Howe Jun r . 
Ed. J Robbins 
Joseph Tucker 



Messrs. John Cogswell 
William Ellison 
Noah Doggett 
Thomas Christie 
Eleazer Homer 
Allen Bowker 
Nath 1 . Glover 
Richard Thayer 
Henry Blaek 
Moses Eayres Jun r 



were chosen Surveyors of Boards & other Lumber. 



Messrs. Henry Purkett 
Nath 1 . Howe 



Messrs. John Smith 
Benj a . Clark 
were chosen cullers of Hoops and Staves. 



Messrs. Thomas Barbour 

Benj a . Clark 

Charles Pook 

John Smith 

James Brown 
were chosen Cullers of Dry Fish. 



Messrs. Nath 1 . Howe 

Ger shorn Spear 
John Bannister 
Benj a . Owen 
William J. Hammatt 



Messrs. Benjamin White 

Nath 1 . Bradlee Jun r . and 
William Ellison 
were chosen Fence viewers. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1813. 331 

Messrs. Joseph Cobbet 

Rufus Harrington (resigned) 
Israel Mead Jr. and 
Theophilus Curtis 
were chosen Hogreeves and Hay wards. 

Samuel Emmons and 
James Phillips Esquires, 
were chosen Surveyors of Hemp. 

Edward Tuckerman and 
Josiah Snelling Esquires, 
were chosen Surveyors of Wheat. 

Messrs. John Wells and 
Richard Austin, 
were chosen Assay Masters. 

Messrs. Michael Homer 

Francis James and 
Samuel Sprague, 
were chosen Inspectors of Lime. 

The Selectmen were chosen surveyors of highways. 

[521.] William Smith Esq. was chosen Town Treasurer 
and Collector for the ensuing year. 

Votes for a Treasurer for the County of Suffolk were received 
sorted and counted by the Moderator and Town Clerk when it 
appeared 

That John Winslow Esquire had 246 votes 

and William Smith Esquire 1 d. 

Voted, That Samuel Brown, John Lowell and John Welles 
Esquires be, and they hereby are appointed a Committee to audit 
the accounts of the Town Treasurer, and also those of the Over- 
seers of the Poor, & the Board of Health. And said Committee 
are directed to report the sum necessary to be raised for the 
services of the present year. 

Voted, That the consideration of all money matters be referred to 
next May Meeting 

The following By Law was passed by the Town, viz 

It is hereby ordered, That whosoever shall at any time 
hereafter exercise the dangerous practice of Coursing or coasting 
on Sleds in any of the streets of this town, shall forfeit and pay 
the sum of Two Dollars for every offence, to be paid by each 



332 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

offender respectively ; which fine or penalty shall be paid, where 
any offender herein shall happen to be under age, by the parent or 
guardian of any such offender. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be requested to lay the foregoing 
By law before the Court of Sessions for confirmation. 

On the Petition of a number of the Inhabitants, "to adopt 
measures to remedy the growing evil of forestalling the Market." 
it was 

Voted, That Peter O Thacher Esq., Benjamin Russell Esq. 
[522] and Mr. Joseph Callender be a Committee to consider 
what measures it will be proper for the Town to adopt in order to 
remove the evil complained of, & to report the next May 
meeting. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to Arnold 
Welles Esq. for his faithful services as one of the School Com- 
mittee for many years past. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to the Hon 1 . 
John Phillips Esq. , for his services as Moderator of this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
of twenty one years of age and upwards qualified as the Consti- 
tution prescribes and legally warned in public Town Meeting 
assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 5 rh day of April A.D. 
1813 9 O'Clock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev d . Mr. Channing 
"Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or Frame Government, relative 
to the choice of Governor, Lieutenant Governor and Senators 
read. Also the Law for districting the Commonwealth for the 
choice of Councillors & Senators. read. 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no printed vote 
would be received, and that the vote should be put into the box 
unfolded. 

It was afterwards declared that the Poll [523] should be 
closed at 2 Clock and that the bells begin tolling at half past 
1 O'Clock. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1813. 333 

Persons voted for as Governour with the number of votes for 
each person viz. 

His Excellency Caleb Strong 3571 

Hon 1 . Joseph B. Varnum ---------- 1446 

Hon 1 . Samuel Dexter 40 

Hon 1 . William Eustis 8 

H. G. Otis 1 Josiah Bradlee 1 2 

Joshua Ellis 1. Benj Austin 1. ------- 2 



5069. 

Persons voted for as Lieutenant Governour with the number of 
votes for each person, viz. 

His Honor William Phillips Esq. 3578 

Hon 1 . William King 1484 

C. Strong 1. W m . Gray 1. Josiah Marshall 1. - - 3 

Amos Lewis 1. S. Dexter 1. James Lloyd 1. - - 3 

William Eustis 1 1 



5069 

Persons voted for as Senators for the district of Boston in the 
County of Suffolk, with the number of votes for each person, 
viz. 



Hon 1 . John Phillips - - 
Hon 1 . Israel Thorndike 
Hon 1 Josiah Ouincv 





3597 
3594 
3594 
3599 
3593 
1459 
1460 
1458. 
1457. 
1456. 


Hon 1 . John Welles - - - 
Hon 1 . Thomas H. Perkins 
Hon 1 . David Tilden - - 
Samuel Brown Esq 


------ 


Jonathan L. Austin 
Caleb Bingham Esq, 
William Little Esq. 

[534.] John C. Jones Esq. - 2. 
Thomas L. Winthrop - 1. 
Samuel Cobb - - - 1 
Arnold Welles 2 
William Sullivan - - 1 
Sam 1 . F. Coolidge - - 1. 
William Beal - - - 1 
Samuel May - - - 1 
Jon a . Hunnewell - - 1 
Gardner Chandler - - 1 


Esq. - - 


Russell Sturgis 3 - - 
Richard Sullivan 3 
Stephen Codman 1 - - 
William Brown 1 
William Coolidge 1 
Edward Harris 1 - - 
Samuel Orcutt 1 - - 
Henry Messinger 1 
John Kuhn 1 - - - 
Benj Weld 1 - - - 





4 
2 
3 
2 
2 
2 
2 
8 
2 
1 

Attested Copies of return of the persons voted for as Gov- 
ernour, Lieutenant Governour and Senators for the district of 



334 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Boston, in the County of Suffolk sealed up in open Town Meet- 
ing, after the vote had been declared, to be transmitted to the 
Secretary of the Commonwealth as prescribed by the law, and 
directed as follows viz*. , 

To Alden Bradford Esq. 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

Votes of the Town of Boston for Governour, Lieutenant Gover- 
nour and Five Senators for the district of Boston, in the County 
of Suffolk, Sealed up in open Town Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of twenty one years of age & upwards, qualified as the 
Constitution prescribes at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 13 th day 
of May A.D. 1813. 9 o'clock A.M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . Mr. Holley. 
"Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Paragraphs of the Constitution relating to the choice of Repre- 
sentatives read also the laws of the State regulating the 
election of Representatives read 

The return of the Assessors signifying that the Major & Minor 
Polls of this Town for the present year were 8826 being also 
read The Inhabitants were directed to bring in their votes for 
Representatives not exceeding thirty nine. 

Votes were received by the Selectmen untill 1 O'Clock when the 
Poll was closed. They then proceeded to sort and count the 
votes, when it appeared that the whole number of votes given in 
was 1065 necessary to make a choice 533. The following 
(Thirty nine) Gentlemen had a Majority and were declared to be 
chosen viz*. 

William Smith - Charles Davis 

Harrison G. Otis Benjamin Whitman 

James Lloyd James Robinson 

Daniel Sargent William Hammatt 

Jonathan Hunnewell William H. Sumner 

Benjamin Russell Ephraim Thayer 

William Sullivan Benjamin Weld 

Stephen Codman Oliver Keating 

[526.] Nathan Webb Thacher Goddard 

Daniel Messenger Lynde Walter 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1813. 335 

George G. Lee Samuel J Fresco tt 

William Porter Lemuel Shaw 

Samuel M. Thayer James Savage 

George Blanchard Jonathan Loring 

Nathaniel Curtis Joseph Pierce 

Richard Faxon Andrew Sigourney 

Samuel Dunn Thomas Barry 

John D Howard William Harris 

Jonathan Whitney Joseph Tilden 
and Richard Sullivan 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



At a meeting of the Male Citizens of the Town of Boston 
duly qualified and legally warned, assembled at Faneuil Hall on 
Monday the 24 th day of May AD 1813 10 O'Clock AM 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 
Hon 1 . John Phillips chosen Moderator. 

The Selectmen in conformity to Law passed at the last session 
of the General Court, laid before the Town a list of Persons they 
had selected to serve as Grand & Traverse Jurors at the Courts 
in this State & at the United States Courts. The Report of the 
Selectmen was considered and it was Voted. That the Town 
confirm their doings. 

The Committee on Accounts [527] made the following 
Report. 

The Subscribers a Majority of the Committee appointed to 
audit the accounts of the Town, have attended to that service, 
and ask leave to report, That they have examined the Town 
Treasurers accounts, and have found them duly vouched, and 
right cast, that it appears there was a balance of Cash in his 
hands, on the first Instant of Three thousand and ninety one 
Dollars & thirty five Cents, which has been placed to the credit 
of the Town in his new Account. 

The Committee would also report, as their opinion, that it would 
be expedient for the Town to grant a Tax of Seventy five thou- 
sand Dollars, to be assessed on the Inhabitants, to defray the 
Expences of the Town for the current year, it being the sum that 
was granted the last year. Although it would have been desire- 
able in the minds of the Committee, from the existing depression 
of affairs, incident to a state of War, to have stated a less sum, 
than they have now reported, to be assessed upon the inhabitants, 
Yet as the debts of the Town unprovided for, will probably 
amount to fifty or sixty thousand dollars, the Committee could 
not feel themselves justified in reporting a less sum. 



336 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

But when it is considered that for the security of the Rights & 
property as well as the convenience & comfort of the Inhabitants 
within a few years several new and extraordinary objects have 
been obtained by the expenditures of the Town, such as " the 
Alms House"" " Faneuil Hall." The "County House" 
Burial Ground widening of Streets &c The amount of the 
present debt of the Town ought not perhaps to be a subject of 
surprise or regret. These expences will be found to amount to 
more than Two hundred thousand Dollars. In no period since 
the first settlement of the Town have the Inhabitants in the same 
number of years been called on to contribute so largely, nor so 
many objects of permanent utility, or importance been obtained. 
To this Cause & to the late decline of Commerce probably may 
be attributed no inconsiderable [528] part of the loss that has 
been suffered by the Town, from the large amount in small Taxes 
which remain uncollected. 

And the Committee, with deference would further observe, that 
they do not at present see any practicable means of extinguishing 
the debt of the Town, but by the effect of a retrenchment on the 
part of its expences, now especially on those which relate to 
improvements. This in a few years they hope by degrees would 
extinguish it. An increase of Taxes at this time for that pur- 
pose the Committee have not the temerity to recommend ; but to 
avoid, as far as may be possible hereafter, any losses to the 
Town, in the collection of Taxes, the Committee in accordance 
with the report of the sub-committee of Finance, presented here- 
with, would recommend as a salutary measure, that the Treasurer 
be instructed to effect a more speedy collection of the Taxes 
which may hereafter be committed to him, as well as of those 
which are outstanding. 

And agreeably to another report of the sub-Committee "of 
Finance herewith submitted, they recommend " That application 
" be made to the General Court for such alteration of the Law 
" as may make the sums taxed on Real Estate a lien, upon said 
"Estate which in Case of transfer of the property would secure 
" the Tax to the Town " And further that all such powers may 
be given to the Treasurer & Collector of Taxes as that he may 
by a vigilant use of them enforce a more equitable adjustment of 
the public burthens and remove the evils to which the present 
system is liable. Should the aforesaid sum of Seventy five 
thousand Dollars be directed by the Town to be assessed on the 
inhabitants the Committee would recommend that it be appro- 
priated as follows 

To the drafts of the Selectmen - - - - 53,000 
D. - - of Overseers of the Poor - - 23,000 
D. - - of Board of Health - - - - 7,000 

$83,000 
Deduct for Rents in income 8,000 

to be assessed on the inhabitants for the j^ear 1813. , $75,000 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1813. 337 

This Report is 

[529] with all due Respect submitted for the consideration of 
the Town. 

Samuel Brown ) r 

John Welles } L 1 '~ 

The foregoing Read, considered & accepted by the Town. 

Voted, That the sum of Seventy five thousand Dollars be raised 
by a tax to be assessed on the Polls and Estates of the Inhabi- 
tants of this Town to defray the expences of the current year. 

Voted That the Committee of Finance, consisting of the 
Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor, and Board of Health, be 
instructed to cause such parts of their reports and of that of the 
Auditors of Accounts to be published, as they may judge will give 
information to the Inhabitants on their money concerns. 

The Committee on the subject of Forestalling the Market made 
a lengthy Report, which being read it was voted, That the 
consideration of the Report be referred to the adjournment of 
this Meeting, & that the same be printed for the information of 
the Inhabitants. 

Voted, That the sum of two hundred Dollars be appropriated 
towards maintaining a School for African children, under the 
direction of the School Committee. 

Voted, That the sum of Seven hundred & fifty Dollars be 
allowed & paid unto Hon 1 . Thomas DawesEsq., for his Salary as 
Judge of the Municipal Court for the ensuing year. 

Voted, That the sum of One Thousand Dollars be allowed and 
paid unto Thomas Clark for his Salary as Town Clerk the present 
year. 

Voted, That the sum of Eight hundred & sixteen dollars be 
allowed and paid unto each of the three Assessors for [53O] 
their Services in that office the year ensuing. 

Voted, That the subject of the compensation to be allowed the 
Town Treasurer & Collector for the present, year, be referred to 
the Committee of Finance, to report at the adjournment. 

Adjourned to Thursday the 3 d day of June next, 10 O'Clock 
A M. 

Thursday June 3 d . 
Met according to adjournment. 

The Moderator being absent, 

Ebenezer Oliver Esq. 
was chosen Moderator Pro tern. 



338 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Adjourned to Wednesday next the 9 th . day of June instant 10 
O'Clock A M. 

Met according to adjournment. 

The Report of the Committee on the subject of Forestalling 
the Market was taken up, considered, and accepted. 

Voted That it be recommended to the citizens generally to com- 
plain to the law officers of the Commonwealth, to the Grand 
Jury & to the. Justices of the Peace, of all instances of fore- 
stalling, regrating, engrossing and of all other fraudulent 
practices, which may come to their knowledge, and to furnish 
the necessary evidence of the same, that measures may there- 
upon be immediately taken to bring the offenders to punish- 
ment. 

Voted, That there be annually chosen by the Town, or otherwise 
appointed in such way as the Town shall direct, twelve substan- 
tial Citizens, who shall be called Inspectors of the Market, and 
whose special duty it shall be, to enquire after & cause to be 
prosecuted according to Law, all forestallers, regraters, engrossers 
& fraudulent dealers in the Market, either by false weights & 
measures or any other way. 

[531.] Voted, That the license of any person to sell in the 
Market, who shall be duly convicted of any of the Offences 
aforesaid, shall be immediately taken away, and that he shall not 
be permitted to hire or use a stall in the Market, or to expose 
articles for Sale there, for a term not less than one year from 
and after conviction, and that this regulation be enforced by a 
by law of the Town. 

Voted, That that part of the ancient market which is called Dock 
Square, be appropriated to dealers from the Country, and that 
no inhabitant of the Town, or of any neighboring town, not 
offering for sale the produce of his own farm, shall be permitted 
to occupy the same to the exclusion of the bona fide Country- 
dealer, and that this regulation be enforced by a Bye Law of the 
Town. 

Voted, That the approbation of the Selectmen be withholden 
from any persons, the owners or occupants of any house, store or 
cellar applying for a licence as a tavener, victualler or retailer, 
who shall be known to aid and encourage in the commission of 
any of the offences against the Market, which are herein before 
described. 

The Town then passed the following By Laws, & ordered the 
Town Clerk to present the same to the Court of Sessions for con- 
firmation. viz 1 . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1813. 339 

It is hereby ordered, that no person who shall at any time here- 
after be convicted of either of the offences of forestalling, regrat- 
ing, engrossing, or of any species of fraudulent dealing in the 
Market, shall be permitted to use or hire a stall or have or occupy 
any stand in either of the public markets of the Town, or in any 
street leading thereto, for the purpose of offering for sale any 
article of Provisions usually sold in Market, for the term of one 
year from and after such conviction : and in case any person 
shall after [532] such conviction and within the said term of 
time, presume to use or occupy any stall or stand in either of the 
said Markets, or in any of the streets leading thereto, for the 
purpose aforesaid, he shall for every such offence forfeit a sum 
not exceeding Five Dollars nor less than two dollars, the one 
moiety thereof for the use of the complainant, and the other 
moiety thereof for the use of the Town. 

It is hereby ordered that no person not offering for Sale the pro- 
duce of his own farm, shall be permitted to occupy that part of 
the ancient market which is called Dock square And if any 
such person shall presume to occupy with his Cart, team, or in 
any other way the said Dock square after being ordered there- 
from by the Clerk of the Market, he shall forfeit a sum not ex- 
ceeding Five Dollars nor less than two Dollars for every hour, in 
which he shall continue to offend in this respect, the one moiety 
thereof to the use of the Complainant, and the other moiety 
thereof to the use of the Town. 

Major Benjamin Russell 
Col. Thomas Badger and 
Mr. Joseph Callender, were appointed a 

Committee to select twelve persons (one from each ward) as 
Inspectors of the Market, and report them at the adjournment. 

Adjourned to Friday next 10 o'Clock AM. 

N. B. The By Laws and foregoing Votes to be printed in 
News papers after [being] confirmed by the Court of Sessions. 

[533.] Met according to adjournment. 

The report of the Committee of Finance was read and con- 
sidered and it was voted. That the Senators of the County 
of Suffolk, and the Representatives of this Town, be requested to 
apply to the General Court, for an Act to be passed Authorizing 
the "Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor and Board of Health" 
Annually to appoint the Treasurer & Collector (or Collectors,) 
of taxes for the Town of Boston. 

The Committee appointed at the last Meeting to select one 
person from each Ward as Inspectors of the Market, reported the 
following list which was accepted by the Town - - - - viz 1 . 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



Mr. Gidney King for 
" John D. Howard j 1 . - 
" Turell Tuttle - - - 
" Samuel Hichborn 
" Zachariah Hicks - - 
Cap n . Jonathan Whitney - 

Mr. John P. Thorndike - 
" George Palmer - - 
Cap n . James B Marston 

Mr. Joseph Allen - - - 
' ' Edward Gray - - - 
" William Brown Jun r . 



Ward No. 1. 

' 2 

* u 3 

u 4 

' " 5 

' " 6 

' " 7 

' " 8 

' " 9 

' " 10 

' " 11 

" 12 



Voted, That all the unfinished business contained in the Report 
of the Committee of Finance be referred to the next Town 
Meeting 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[534.] At a legal Meeting of the inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston qualified as the Law directs assembled at Faneuil Hall 
on Friday llth. day of June A D 1813 10 O'Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Benjamin Weld Esq. 
was chosen Moderator. 

This Meeting was called in consequence of a Petition from Isaac 
P. Davis and others, now pending before the Legislature, " that 
they may be incorporated for the purpose of building a Mill dam 
and turnpike road from Beacon street to Roxbury, and erecting 
other Mill improvements " 

The petition having been read and considered it was moved 
& Voted, to refer the same to a Committee consisting of the 
Board of Selectmen & one Gentleman from each Ward of the 
Town, to take the subject into consideration, and Report at a 
future Meeting, what measures it will be proper for the Town 
to adopt to secure their interest in the premises. 

The following Gentlemen were nominated & chosen for the 
Wards viz* 

Col n . Thomas Badger for Ward No. 1. 

Redford Webster Esq. ... 2 

Dea Rainsford 3 

Josiah Marshall 4 

Lynde Walter -- 5 

Tho s . W. Sumner 6 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1813. 341 

Benjamin Austin Esq. - - - - 7 
Sam 1 . M. Thayer Esq. - ... 8 

Isaac Winslow 9 

Sam 1 . Cobb Esq. 10 

Col". Dan 1 . Messenger - - - - 11 
Dea Faxon 12 

Adjourned to Monday the 12 th day of July next 10 oClock 
AM. 

[535.] At a Convention consisting of the Selectmen, Over- 
seers of the Poor & Board of Health, assembled at Faneuil Hall 
in Boston by virtue of the following Act of this Commonwealth 
intitled "An Act providing for the appointment of a Town 
Treasurer & Collectors of Taxes in the Town of Boston as fol- 
lows viz 4 . 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

In the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred & 
thirteen. 

An Act providing for the appointment of a Town Treasurer, 
and Collectors of Taxes in the Town of Boston. 

Sec n . 1 . Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 
in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. 
That from and after the passing of this Act, the Selectmen the 
Overseers of the Poor, and the Board of Health of the Town of 
Boston, shall annually in the Months of June or July, meet in 
Convention in the Town of Boston, and appoint some suitable 
person or persons as Collectors of Taxes in said Town, who when 
appointed 1 as aforesaid, shall have like powers, and be subject to 
like duties, in the discharge and execution of their said several 
offices as other Town Treasurers and Collectors of Taxes have, 
and are subject to in this Commonwealth ; and the said Town 
Treasurer & Collectors so as aforesaid appointed, shall continue 
in office for one year and untill others are appointed in manner 
aforesaid and qualified to execute their said offices, and a record 
of the appointment as aforesaid of said Town Treasurer and Col- 
lectors shall be made by the Town Clerk of the Town of Boston, 
in the records of said town kept by him, and the said Town 
Treasurer, and Collectors to be appointed as aforesaid shall be 
sworn to the faithful discharge of their said several trusts, and 
give such [536] bonds to the said town of Boston conditioned 
for the faithful execution of the duties of their said offices as the 
Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor, and Board of Health met in 
Convention as aforesaid shall direct previous to their entering on 
the duties of their said several offices aforesaid. 

Provided however, the said Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor, 
and the said Board of Health shall never reappoint any person to 
said office of Town Treasurer or Collector of Taxes as aforesaid 



342 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

untill such persons shall have faithfully & fully completed the 
execution of his duty in his said Office to which he was appointed 
the year preceeding, and a full and complete settlement of the 
taxes by him to have been received or collected according to Law, 
shall have been made or [he] shall have been excused therefrom by 
a vote of the said Town of Boston. And whenever by Death, resig- 
nation or otherwise the said office of Town Treasurer or Collector 
shall be vacant, the aforesaid Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor 
and Board of Health shall be as aforesaid authorized to fill such 
vacancy by a new appointment in manner aforesaid. And all 
Laws heretofore made respecting either of the aforesaid offices of 
Town Treasurer & Collector of Taxes in the Town of Boston, 
that are inconsistant with the provision of this Act, be, and the 
same are hereby repealed, from and after the fourth day of July 
next. In the House of Representatives June 16. 1813. 

This Bill having had three several readings passed to be 
enacted. Timothy Bigelow Speaker 

In Senate 

This Bill having had 
two several readings passed to be enacted. 

John Phillips President 

June 16 th . 1813. Approved, 

Caleb Strong 
Secretarys Office ) 
June 22 d . 1813 j a True Copy 

Attest. Alden Bradford 

Sec y . of Commonwealth 

On the 28 th . day of June AD 1813 
[537.] Present a majority of each Board 

Charles Bulfinch Esq. Chairman. 

The Law authorizing the meeting of this Convention being 
read it was. 

Voted, That this Convention will appoint the same person Col- 
lector of Taxes, that they shall appoint Town Treasurer, and that 
they will appoint but one Collector. 

Voted, That Wednesday next 5 O'Clock P.M. be assigned for 
the choice of the Treasurer & Collector. 

Voted, That Mess Bulfinch, Whitman, Weld & Mackay be a 
Committee, to consider the subject of collecting Taxes generally, 
and examine the laws relative thereto, to determine which of 
them remain in force ; and what sum the Treasurer & Collector 
ought to receive for his services. 

Adjourned to Wednesday next 5 O'Clock PM. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1813. 343 

Wednesday 30 June 1813 5 O'Clock PM 
The Convention met according to Adjournment 

Present a Majority of each Board. 

Agreeable to assignment, the Convention proceeded to the 
choice of a Town Treasurer for the year ensuing upon sorting 
& counting the votes it appeared that Mr. Andrew Sigourney had 
a majority and was declared to be elected. 

The Votes for a Collector of taxes for the year ensuing being 
brought in sorted and counted it appeared that Mr. Andrew 
Sigourney had a majority and was declared to be elected. 

The Committee appointed by this Convention to examine the 
laws relative to the collection of taxes in the Town of Boston, 
and to consider which of them are now in force and for other 
purposes offer the [538] following Report. 

That they have examined the laws which have been enacted 
from time to time by the Legislature for the collection of taxes 
in the Town of Boston, and are of opinion that the law passed 
for this purpose in March 1808, is in full force, and gives 
sufficient power to the Treasurer & Collector to ensure a prompt 
collection of the Taxes, in addition to the general laws of the 
Commonwealth on this subject. and that all other special laws 
relative thereto are repealed by the law under which this Con- 
vention is assembled. 

Your Committee report as their opinion that the Treasurer 
should give a Bond for the sum of twenty thousand Dollars, & 
the Collector of taxes in the same sum conditioned for their 
faithful performance of the duties of their office, with such 
sureties as shall be approved by this Convention 

They also propose that it be recommended to the Town as the 
opinion of this Convention that the sum of twenty five hundred 
dollars be allowed to the Treasurer and Collector in full compen- 
sation for their services for one year ensuing & for such Clerks 
and deputies as they may find it necessary to employ. 

The foregoing Report was read considered and accepted by the 
Convention. 

Messrs. Bulfinch, Whitman & Mackay were appointed a Com- 
mittee to lay before the Town the opinion of this Convention that 
the sum of $2500 Per annum be allowed to the Treasurer and 
Collector in full for their services. The same Committee to pre- 
pare the form of a Bond to be given by the Treasurer & 
Collector. 

Adjourned to Friday next 2 d July 1813 5 O'Clock PM. 



344 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

[539.] The Convention met according to adjournment. 
Present a Majority of each Board. 

Mr. A Sigourney appeared and declared his acceptance of the 
Office of Town Treasurer, as also of Collector of taxes for the 
ensuing year and proposed Samuel Smith Esq. and George 
Blanchard Esq. as his bondsmen. 

Messrs. Weld, Austin, Perkins, Eliot, Whitman and James 
Loring, were appointed a Committee to consider the responsibility 
of the Gentlemen offered by Mr. Sigourney as his bondsmen & 
report. 

The Committee unanimously reported, That the Bondsmen 
offered by Mr. Sigourney who has been chosen Treasurer and 
Collector, were in their opinion ample and sufficient. 

Ordered, That Mr. Joseph Foster, Bryant P Tilden, and 
Samuel Dorr Esqs. be a ', Committee from this Convention to 
complete on their part, and in behalf of this Convention any 
further service, in transfering the Books, records and papers 
from the late Treasurer to the new Treasurer &c which may be 
necessary to complete their duty under the Act entitled an "An 
Act providing for the appointment of a Town Treasurer and 
Collectors of taxes in the Town of Boston " 

The Oaths of Office were administered to Mr. Andrew Sig- 
ourney, chosen Treasurer and Collector by Benjamin Whitman 
Esq. a Justice of the Peace. 

The following Vote passed the Convention .... viz*. 

Whereas the official duties of the Town Treasurer under the 
former establishment will cease on the 4 th of July and it will be 
necessary for closing the Accounts of the Treasurer & Collector 
& his deputies to employ the time of William Smith Esq. it is 
Voted, That it be recommended by this Convention that the 
Town should allow to Will 1 ". Smith Esq. the sum of five hundred 
Dollars in addition to the Salary for that portion of the year 
which has elapsed since his choice by the Town in March last. 

Then the Convention was Dissolved. 



[54O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 5 th 
day of July, AD, 1813, 9 OClock AM 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1813. 345 

Thomas Clark 
was chosen Moderator 

The Committee appointed the last year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the anniversary of Indepen- 
dence Reported That they had chosen Edward S*. Loe Liver- 
more Esq. who has accepted the appointment 

Adjourned to meet at the Old South Church 12 O'Clock. 
Met at the Old South Church where 

AN ORATION. 

Was delivered by Edward -S 1 . Loe Livermore Esq. to commemo- 
rate the Independence of the United States of America. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be, and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to wait on the Hon 1 . Edward S 1 . Loe Livermore Esq. in 
the name of the Town, and thank him for the elegant & spirited 
Oration, this day delivered by him at the request of the Town, 
upon the anniversary of American Independence, in which were 
considered the feelings, manners and principles which produced 
the great national event ; and to request of him a copy for the 
press. 

Voted, That the Gentlemen Selectmen be, & hereby are ap- 
pointed a Committee, to apply to some able and learned 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 4- th . day of July 1814 
That day being the Anniversary of the [541] Independ- 
ence of the United States of America; wherein the Orator 
is to consider, the feelings, manners & principles which led 
to this great National event ; as well as the important & happy 
effects, whether general or domestic, which have already, or will 
forever flow from that auspicious P^poch. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
held by adjournment from the 11 th . day of June last past, assem- 
bled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 12 th day of July A.D. 1813 
10 O'Clock AM. 

Jonathan Hunnewell Esq. 
was chosen Moderator pro tern. 

The Committee appointed to consider the application of Isaac 
P. Davis & others for a Mill dam and Turnpike road from the 
bottom of Beacon Street to Roxbury, and for erecting other Mill 



346 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

improvements " Report, that they have attended to the business 
assigned them and have examined the places of the proposed 
undertaking : they find the subject will require further time to 
enable the Committee to give it the attention which it deserves ; 
they therefore propose that they have liberty to make their final 
report at a future meeting to be called for that purpose. And 
that the Selectmen be desired to call such meeting when they 
shall find the Committee ready to report. P order 

Boston July 12 th . 1813. Charles Bulfinch, Chairman 

The foregoing Report was read and accepted by the Town. 

[542.] The Committee of Finance to whom was referred 
the consideration of the salaries to be paid to the Treasurer and 
Collector & his deputies, report as their opinion That there be 
allowed to those officers for the four Months, commencing in 
March last & ending July 4 th . at the same rate to each, as was 
voted to them by the Town last year viz. 

To the Town Treasurer & Collector 1500 P Ann. is 500 
To each Deputy Collector - - - 300 D - - 100 

Treasurers Clerk 600 D - - 200 

P order 
Boston July 2 d . 1813. Charles Bulfinch Chairman 

The foregoing Report being read a motion was made that the 
same be accepted by the Town, which being put passed in the 
affirmative 

The following proceedings of the Convention was laid before 
the Town viz*. 

At a meeting of the Convention composed of the Selectmen, 
Overseers of the Poor & Board of Health, on Wednesday June 
30 th . 1813 Voted, That it be recommended to the Town, as the 
opinion of this Convention, that the sum of twenty five hundred 
Dollars be allowed to the Treasurer & Collector in full compen- 
sation for their services for one year ensuing, & for such Clerks 
and deputies as they may find it necessary to employ. 

A true Copy from the proceedings of the Convention 

Attest. Tho. Clark. Town Clerk. 

Voted, That the sum of twenty five hundred dollars be allowed & 
paid unto the Treasurer & Collector for the year ensuing, agree- 
able to the foregoing recommendation. 

Voted, That Joseph Foster, Bryant P. Tilden & Samuel Dorr 
Esq. be and hereby are appointed a Committee to [543] audit 
the Accounts of the late Town Treasurer, to receive from him the 
Books, records & papers belonging to the Treasury department, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1813. 347 

& those of the Collector of taxes, & to transfer the same to the 
new Treasurer. 

Edward Tuckerman William Brown 

Joshua Davis William Hammatt 

Peter O Thacher & Thomas Dawes Esquires, 

were chosen Trustees of the land on Boston Neck. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a legal Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston, assembled in Faneuil Hall on Wednesday 
the 20 th . day of October A.D. 1813 10 O'Clock AM. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Hon 1 . Thomas Dawes Esq. 
chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed on the Petition of Isaac P. Davis & 
others Reported, 

That they have maturely considered the subject committed to 
them, have viewed plans of the dams and basins proposed to be 
connected with this Town, and the other extensive improve- 
ments projected by the petitioners. They have principally con- 
fined themselves to the consideration of that part of the plan, 
which immediately relates to the interest of the Town's land, and 
the private abutters. The Committee publicly invited all per- 
sons to appear and state their objections to the proposed project. 
A memorial was received from a [544] number, but the Com- 
mittee are happy to state, that few material objections have been 
made, and that they can be in a great measure obviated by suit- 
able provisions to be inserted in the grant from the Town, and in 
the act of incorporation. 

The Committee have considered, that if, to the commercial 
advantages of this Town, permanent establishments for manu- 
factures of various useful kinds could be added, the interest of 
the Town would be greatly promoted ; large amounts of capital, 
which are forcing their way in distant & inconvenient situations, 
would be retained among us ; all classes of our citizens would 
find new sources of employment ; and an extensive tract of land, 
the property of the Town, would be rendered valuable, and in a 
few years be covered with the habitations of useful and industri- 
ous citizens, adding strength to the Town, and a permanent 
accumulation of its resources. The design of the petitioners 
appears to embrace these desirable objects in a more extensive 
degree, than any which has hitherto been offered for public con- 
sideration ; and should the plan be adapted in its full extent, by 
which it is contemplated to form a communication, by means of 



348 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

the Middlesex canal, of Charlestown, Cambridge, Watertown, 
Brighton, 13 rook line and Roxbury, with the great basin west of 
the neck, a field for improvement & enterprize would be exhibited 
on all the shores opposite to the western & southerly sides of the 

T 1 ., 



Town. 

The Committee therefore propose, that the Town should express 
their approbation of the plan of the petitioners, on the following 
condilions. 

That the Town will cede or grant to the corporation when 
organized, the land and flatts lying about the shores of the bay 
west of Boston neck, as they are limited and circumscribed by 
streets laid down on a plan herewith [545] presented, and 
which are described as follows. 

Beginning at a point 450 feet west of Beacon street, thence 
running Southerly to a point in the direction of the middle line 
of South Bridge street, and 550 feet distant from the west side of 

Orange street, thence Southwesterly to the Westerly line of Suf- 
folk street, as laid down in the plan of Town lands, being 350 
feet from Washington street, thence Westerly at a right angle 
on Dedham street 350 feet, thence Southerly at a right angle on 
Middlesex street 500 feet, thence Westerly at a right angle 
on Brookline street 350 feet, thence Southerly at a right angle on 

Worcester street 900 feet, thence Westerly at a right angle 
on Concord street 350 feet, thence again Southerly at a right 
angle on Hampshire street 1000 feet, and lastly at a right angle 
westerly on Northampton street about 1000 feet to the boundary 
line between the Towns of Boston and Roxbury. The Town and 
individual proprietors to retain all the land and flats within said 
streets. 

This Grant be upon the following conditions. 

1 st . That said corporation shall, within five years from the first 
day of January 1815, cause to be erected, in a direction pre- 
scribed by the legislature, and not further North or East than 
South Boston bridge, a firm solid Dam from Boston to South 
Boston, faced with stone on the Northeasterly side at the least, 
well calculated to endure, and effectually to keep out the tide 
waters from the eastern basin, with gates, sluiceways &c proper 
to let the water out of said basin. 

2 d . That said Corporation shall, within the said time, cause to 
be erected from the end of Beacon street, to some point directed 
by the General Court, a firm & solid Dam, well calculated to 
endure, and effectually to retain the tide waters within the basin 
formed thereby ; with gates, sluiceways, &c, proper to admit the 
tide waters and to retain the same; such Dam, or such part 
thereof as shall be necessary [546] for a Street to Roxbury or 
Brookline, to be at least forty two feet wide at the top, and of an 
height sufficient for a good and permanent road thereon, and 
faced on both sides with substantial Stone walls, except in those 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1813. 349 

places reserved for Gates and sluices. Which road over said 
Dam, shall within the same time, be established and finished, in 
a manner to be provided for by the act of incorporation. 
3 d . That the said Corporation, or other persons having a right 
from said Corporation, shall within five years from 1 st . January 
1815, erect and employ Mills, with machinery of sufficient power 
to turn fourteen pair of common sized Mill stones, upon sluice- 
ways leading across Washington street ; and in case said Cor- 
poration shall fail to perform either of the above conditions 
within the time aforesaid, then the grant from the Town of Bos- 
ton shall be wholly void, and the land and flats shall revert to 
the Town. 

4 th . And if at any time after the 1 st January 1820, either from 
the insufficiency of the Dams, want of water, or other cause, 
there shall fail, for one year, to be kept employed a power suffi- 
cient to turn fourteen pair of Mill stones as aforesaid, then all 
said land and flats, shall revert to the Town But should pre- 
vious to such failure, any of the lands or flats hereby granted 
under the aforegoing conditions have been sold by said Corpora- 
tion, conditioned to erect Mills with their necessary buildings 
and establishments ; then, in order to do ample justice to the 
parties who may be injured by the non-fulfilment of the agree- 
ment on the part of the Corporation, such lands shall be appraised 
by Commissioners to be appointed for that purpose, on the joint 
agreement of the Town and the parties, to appraise the value of 
said lands exclusive of any buildings, and their award shall be 
binding on such individuals and on the Town. 
5 th . That in selecting situations for building Mills on land 
belonging to the Town the s d . Corporation shall be first [547] 
restricted to the six most northerly streets, which are laid out 
from east to west across the Town's land on the neck; and 
shall have liberty to lay sluice ways in the middle of said 
streets, free of any expence, for the land so passed through ; 
provided that such sluiceways shall be substantially and well laid 
with stone in every part, and of suitable depth to serve as drains 
and common sewers to the adjacent lots. And the owners of such 
lots shall have liberty to convey their drains into said sluices free 
of expence. And all earth dug from the trenches to lay said 
sluiceways, shall not be carried away, but shall be spread to form 
the streets and raise the Town's lots, and all pavement taken up 
for this purpose shall be relaid at the expense of the Corporation . 
6 th . That all damages or injury of whatever kind which shall 
arise to any individual within the Town of Boston in consequence 
of this agreement between the Town & said Corporation, shall be 
compensated & paid by said Corporation, in the manner to be 
provided by an Act of the General Court. 

7 th . And whenever the Town or other owners abutting upon 
any of the streets which are designated as the boundaries of the 
Towns grant, shall agree to build any of such streets, the expence 
of building the same, when the Corporation shall abutt on the 
other side, shall be borne, one half by said Corporation and one 



350 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

half by the abutters. provided that the Town shall not be at any 
charge in maintaining any such streets, untill they shall have 
been completed to the approbation of the surveyors of highways. 

And it is further agreed by the Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston . 

8 th . That if said Corporation should think it expedient, they 
shall have liberty to cut a Canal in some convenient place 
between South Boston Bridge and Gibsons wharf, in a direction, 
and of dimensions, suitable to admit vessels of one hundred & 
twenty tons burthen, from the east harbour into the full basin on 
the west, provided that such canal shall be well faced with stone 
on both sides ; and that a street shall be made on each side 
thereof not less than thirty feet wide : one of which streets shall 
border immediately upon the Canal, & the other shall not be 
more than one hundred feet distant from the [548] other side 
of said Canal. And the land through & over which said Canal 
& street shall pass, shall be purchased by said Corporation, and 
said Canal and streets shall be built and finished at the expence 
of said Corporation ; said Canal to be furnished with suitable 
gates or locks for the admission of Vessels, and also with draw 
bridges of the most approved construction when it shall intersect 
Front street and Orange street. Said Canal shall be toll free ; but 
the maintenance of the same, for repairs, for working the gates and 
raising the draws, shall be at the expence of the Corporation. 
9 th . And if said Corporation should think it expedient, they 
shall have liberty to dig a Canal through the Town's land on the 
Westerly side of the Neck, from the full basin to Roxbury in a 
line parallel to Washington street, and at such distance therefrom, 
and of such depth and width as shall be regulated and approved 
by the Trustees for managing the Town's lands on the neck. And 
the earth taken out to form said Canal shall be for the use of said 
Corporation to build the Dam or other purposes. 

And the. Committee further recommend, That agents be 
appointed by the Town, to attend the sittings of the Committee 
of the General Court, to whom the petition is referred ; to have 
the above recited conditions inserted in the act of incorporation, 
or made the subject of a special instrument of agreement, between 
the petitioners and the Town, which shall be referred to and con* 
firmed by the Act of the Legislature. And that such Committee 
be directed to have inserted in the act of incorporation, such 
terms and regulations of Subscriptions for Shares as shall secure 
a right of subscription for a due proportion of such shares, to all 
persons who may wish to engage in the undertaking. 
By order of the Committee 

Charles Bulfinch, Chairman. 

The foregoing Report, was read, considered and nearly unani- 
mously accepted by the Town and Thomas Dawes, William 
Sullivan, Josiah Marshall, [549] Charles Davis & William 
Hammatt Esquires, were chosen agents agreeably to the recom- 
mendation in the report. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1813. 351 

The article in the Warrant "To consider the petition of a 
number of the Inhabitants, that the Town would take measures 
for establishing a work house, which may be also used as a house 
of correction," was taken up & committed to, 

Thomas Dawes, Bryant P. Tilden, James T. Austin, Ozias 
Goodwin, Ephraim Eliot, Charles Bulfinch & Bedford Webster, 
Esquires, to take the subject into consideration and report at the 
adjournment. 

The Petition of David Greenough was committed to the 
Selectmen, to report thereon at the adjournment. 

The Committee on the late Town Treasurers accounts made the 
following report which was read & accepted viz 

Boston August 13 th . 1813 - 

We the majority of the Committee appointed by the Town of 
Boston by a vote of said Town, of the 12 th . July last to " audit 
the accounts of the late Town Treasurer, to receive from him the 
books, records and papers belonging to the treasury department, 
and those of the Collector of Taxes, and to transfer the same to 
the new Treasurer," having attended that duty, they find the 
annexed accounts to be correct & form a true statement of the 
affairs and official transactions of William Smith Esq. late Town 
Treasurer, and the Committee have this day delivered over to 
Andrew Sigourney Esq. the present Town Treasurer, all the 
books, papers, securities and other property belonging to the 
Town of Boston in the department of its treasury late in the 
possession of W m . Smith Esq. The abovenamed accounts are 
well & truly vouched & right cast. 

Bryant P. Tilden 
Samuel Dorr 

Adjourned to Wednesday 10 th November next 10 OClock 
AM. 

[55O.] Wednesday November the 10 th . 

The Town met according to adjournment. 

The Committee on the Petition of David Greenough, not being 
ready to report, the subject was referred to the next Town 
Meeting. 

The Committee chosen by the Town to consider what measures 
should be taken for establishing a work house, which may also 
serve as a house of Correction, Report the following view of 
the subject. 

In the year 1 735 the General Court of the then Province, upon 
application of the Town of Boston, passed an act for employing 
and providing for the poor of the town of Boston ; by which act 



352 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

the Town was empowered to build a workhouse, and adopt 
regulations for its government. In the year 1789 a law was 
passed by the Legislature of this Commonwealth, entitled "An 
act for erecting of workhouses, for the reception and employ- 
ment of the idle and indigent. This law is general and empowers 
every town, or any number of towns who may unite for the pur- 
pose, to build workhouses, and directs the proceedings of the 
overseers therein. 

The laws above recited empower towns to erect and endow 
workhouse, but do not compel them so to do. But we find that 
in 1788, an act was passed " for suppressing and punishing 
Rogues, vagabonds common beggars, and other idle, disorderly 
and lewd persons " by which act it is ordered, that there shall be 
erected or provided by the Court of Sessions in every County, a 
fit and convenient house of correction, for the keeping and cor- 
recting and setting to work of Rogues, Vagabands &c. the 
provisions of this law are effectual, and at the same time founded 
on the most humane principles, calculated for the suppression of 
vice and for the reformation of the offenders, subject to its 
regulations. The practice under these laws has been as fol- 
lows. Immediately after the Town of Boston had been em- 
powered in 1735 to build a workhouse, [551] measures were 
taken for that purpose ; and by means of subscriptions in aid of 
the Town's funds, the building was erected ; and it was used 
principally under the orders of the Overseers of the poor; no 
house of correction was ever built in this county as directed by 
the law of 1 788 ; but a part of the workhouse was appropriated 
for a Bridewell ; under the control of the Justices, untill the erec- 
tion of the new Almshouse, when the land and buildings of the 
old Almshouse and workhouse were sold. 

The agents appointed by the Town to superintend the building 
of an Alms house, workhouse and hospital, proceeded to erect one 
building for an Alms house, intending to appropriate such parts 
thereof as could be spared, for the other objects ; but con- 
templating that separate buildings should be devoted to those 
purposes, whenever the Town should be able to bear the 
expense. The inconveniences of this arrangement were ex- 
perienced within one year after the erection of the Alms house. 
A large Committee raised in 1802, reported to the Town, that no 
division of the Alms house could be set apart for a house of cor- 
rection, without greatly incommoding the poor, and conclude their 
report by saying " that they would propose that measures should 
be taken immediately for the erection of a separate building, were 
they not sensible of the burthen the Town laboured under to dis- 
charge the balance due upon the almshouse. The Overseers of 
the poor also, in a memorial addressed to the Town in May 1812, 
represented the inconveniences under which they laboured, from 
the necessity of appropriating rooms for a work house and bride- 
well ; and stated, "that they had endeavoured as much as 
possible to accommodate the various descriptions of persons, 
under all the disadvantages to which the institution must be 



BOSTON TOWN RECOEDS, 1813. 353 

subject ; under the full hope, that the finances of the Town would 
soon enable it to finish the establishment according to the original 
plan." 

With respect to the actual state of the Almshouse, your Com- 
mittee find, that there are at present in that house 403 persons of 
which 283 are old people, invalids, children &c 50 sick persons 
in the hospital rooms, 20 insane persons, affected in various 
[552] degrees, some go at large, others are in close confine- 
ment, 50 persons employed at work, some well disposed & able 
of body, but above ten of them are subjects for a bridewell or 
house of correction & are locked up. 

The Committee think that every human mind will be convinced 
of the utter impossibility of adding to this catalogue of wretched- 
ness, any of those debauched and profligate persons who are fit 
subjects for a house of correction. 

As the law directs that the County Jail shall be used by the 
Justices for a house of Correction untill a suitable one shall be 
provided ; your Committee have also enquired into the present 
state of the Jail. They find that it now contains fifty-seven 
persons, and this number is smaller than has been usual, owing 
to the increased powers of the Municipal Court ; which has given 
greater dispatch to the criminal business, by the frequent Ses- 
sions of that Court and by its power of sending the convicts to 
the State Prison. Of the persons now in Jail 25 are confined 
for assaults and batteries & petty offences, who are properly sub- 
jects for a house of correction : it may be received as a fact, 
that at least 12 persons of this description are permanent 
tenants of the Jail ; they are assembled together in rooms, not 
less than 6 in any room ; are absolutely idle and unemployed ; 
and instead of their confinement effecting the purposes of refor- 
mation, they are vitiating and debasing each other, by their 
language and example. These objects are at a constant expence 
to the public of two dollars Per week each, whereas, if they were 
in a building properly constructed for seclusion, kept upon spare 
diet, and with work suited to their capacities, they would cer- 
tainly support themselves ; & might be in a measure reformed 
and made acquainted with some reputable means of obtaining a 
livelihood. 

Your Committee think it would be a reflection on this intelligent 
community to enlarge further, or comment upon this statement. 
If in the year 1735 the town required a house of this description, 
how much more necessary is it now? If in 1802 it was consid- 
ered inconvenient to the virtuous poor to mix the vicious & profli- 
gate with them, how much more so now, when the pressure of 
the times drives many persons into that house, who a few years 
since felt no apprehension of being under the necessity of asking 
public charity. 

Having considered the proposed establishment necessary, The 
Committee have made such estimates as the time would permit, 
[553] and are of opinion that a building to answer the present 
purposes of the Town, might be erected on the land west of the 



354 CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 

Almshouse, for 20,000 Dollars; which sum could be borrowed of 
individuals, to be repaid in instalments in 5 years, without being 
an oppressive burthen upon the Citizens. 

They therefore propose that the Town should pass the follow- 
ing votes. That the Overseers of the Poor be appointed Agents 
for building a work house, part of which may be used for a house 
of correction, on the land west of the present Almshouse; to 
commence the same as soon as the season will permit. 

That in constructing said building, they be directed to build 
such part thereof as shall appear to them necessary in the present 
state of the Town, and upon a plan capable of enlargement in 
future. 

That the said Overseers be empowered to borrow of individuals 
or of public institutions the sum of twenty five thousand Dollars 
for the purpose of erecting & furnishing the proposed building, 
the interest of which sum shall be paid annually by the Town 
Treasurer, and the principal to be paid in annual instalments of 
5000 dollars each : for the payment of which, that amount shall 
be annually raised by taxes, & appropriated for that purpose. 

Charles Bulfinch. 

The foregoing Report was read, considered and unanimously 
accepted by the Town. 

attest Tho' Clark, Town Clerk 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to the Moderator 
for his services at this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 
[END OF BOOK NINE.] 



LETTER FROM S. PARKMAN BLAKE TO CITY CLERK 
S. F. McCLEARY (see p. 194). 



Cedar Square 
Boston Highlands. 
S. F. McCleary Esq. 
City Clerk, 

My dear sir. 

As a good deal of public interest is taken in the valuable por- 
traits in Faneuil Hall and particularly in the most valuable 
that of Washington by Stuart, I find in the Town Records on 
March 10- 1806 that my Grandfather Samuel Parkman offered to 
give to the Town a copy of the painting by Stuart to be placed in 
Fanueil Hall which offer was accepted. 

As I am the oldest member of the Parkman family, I wish to 
have justice done to his memory and to State (as there does not 
appear to be any other record on the Town books) that my 
Grandfather did not give the copy proposed, but gave the original 
by Stuart, which is the same which is now in Faneuil Hall. This 
fact has always been known in the family and to confirm the 
same I herewith give a copy of a letter received from Miss Jane 
Stuart now living in Newport R. I. the Daughter of Gilbert 
Stuart (herself an Artist) She says dated July 22 d 1874 address* 1 
to Rev d John Parkman : 

" The Picture of Washington now in Faneuil Hall was painted 
by my Father Gilbert Stuart and presented to the Town of Boston 
by Samuel Parkman. This circumstance is too much impressed 
on my mind to admit of any doubt whatever. Also that it was 
copied from the original head now in the Athenaeum. Now, my 
dear sir, if you will take the trouble to read the July number of 
" Scribner's Monthly " you will find an authentic history of the 
Washington Portraits, written by myself. You will there see 
that my Father never finished but two Heads of the great Patriot. 
Permit me to add that my Father never put his name to any 
Picture, he ever painted in his life." 

very respectfully, 

Y r ob* s l , 
1877 S Parkman Blake. 



INDEX. 



INDEX. 



Abutters, 73, 131, 223. 
Accounts, agents for erecting new alms- 
house, 111, 112. 

Board of Health, to audit, 58, 
63, 83, 93, 100, 121, 143, 163,178, 
193, 198, 210, 218, 234, 248, 253, 
263, 282, 300, 306, 313, 336. 
Overseers of the Poor, to audit, 
11, 32, 63, 83, 100, 121, 143, 163, 
178, 193, 198, 210, 218, 234, 248, 
253, 263, 286, 306, 331. 
selectmen, to audit, 11, 32, 63, 

83, 100, 121,143, 163, 178. 
town treasurer, 25, 41, 46, 47, 70, 
91, 10H, 149, 
168, 186, 199, 
200, 201, 218, 
234, 253, 263, 
2t6, 300, 312, 
326, 331, 346. 
to audit, 11,24, 
32, 46, 63, 70, 
83, 100, 121, 
128, 134, 143, 
163, 178, 187, 
193, 210, 248, 
282, 300, 312, 
326, 331, 335, 
346. 
Act, for appointment of Town Treasurer 

and Collector, 339, 341. 
Aqueduct Corporation, 55. 
Board of Health, 56. 
embargo, 237, 241, 242, 244, 245. 
for enforcing embargo, 242. 
to erect work-house, 352. 
for regulating the choice and ser- 
vices of petit jurors, 5. 
of General Court, 211, 230, 250, 350. 
prisoners with contagious disease, 

removal of, 56. 
relative to jurors, 5, 233. 
to incorporate mill proprietors, 174. 
prevent spread of contagious dis- 
eases, 34, 36. 

punish and suppress rogues, vaga- 
bonds, 352. 

secure the town against fire, 27. 
Adams, Abraham, 11, 63. 
John, 7, 231,283. 
John Q., 124, 135, 148, 211, 218, 222, 

231, 250, 251, 301. 
Samuel, 7, 19, 85. 
Setn, 30. 

Advocate, Town, 88, 98, 108, 120, 131, 142, 
152, 162, 169, 176, 187 192, 256, 257, 281, 
295 

African Children, School for, 337. 
Agents, to act with Ward Boylston, 269. 
almshouse, for erecting new, 352. 
accounts of, 111, 112. 
salary of, 112. 
to answer indictment against 

town, 282. 

to attend meetings of General 
Court, 350. 



Agents, Faneuil Hall repairs, allowance 

to, 220. 

for land on Orange street, 166. 
to nominate appraisers, 258. 
relative to Old Town House, 136, 

249. 

to defend town, 206, 215. 
Alarm posts, 324. 
Allen (Alline), 205, 239. 

Edward, 162, 177, 193, 210, 

228, 247, 262. 
Joseph, 172, 340. 
William, 96, 192, 281, 292, 

293, 298, 310. 

Alliance with France, 319. 
Almshouse, 3, 25, 33, 37, 64, 112, 113, 114, 

129, 149, 249, 271, 352, 353. 
agents, to superintend build- 
ing of, 352. 
new, appropriation for, 46, 

48, 49. 

debts to, 271. 
new, cost of, 65, 91, 106, 112, 

326, 352. 

new, to raise money for, 66. 
number of persons'in, 353. 
selling of old, 352. 
American commerce, 317. 
Ames, Fisher, 86. 
Amherst, 172. 
Amory, Jonathan, 284. 

Rufus G., 22, 31, 40, 61, 81, 85, 118, 

141,161, 176,194. 
Thomas C., 183, 284. 
Andover, 172. 

Andrews, Ebenezer T., 232, 252, 266. 
Edward T.,285. 
James, 13. 

John, 24, 34, 37, 44, 51, 128. 
William, 77, 82, 100. 
Ann street, 2, 3, 13, 205. 

application to place posts in, 

2, 3, 13. 

Anniversary of Independence, 1, 28, 50, 
75, 94, 110, 133, .155, 170, 190, 204, 221, 
236, 255, 275, 296, 320, 321, 345. 
Appropriations of money, 25, 46, 168, 186, 
20i, 219, 234, 235, 273, 27, 295, 313, 336. 
Apthorp, John T., 197, 208, 214, 232, 252. 
Aqueduct Corporation, 2, 3, 4, 41, 45, 52. 

restrictions on, 55. 
Arch street, 90. 
Arming of inhabitants, 324. 
Army, standing, to enforce arbitrary 

laws, 245. 

Artillery company, 53, 73, 276, 278. 
Assay masters, choice of, 12, 33, 62, 83, 
100, 120, 142, 162, 177, 192, 209, 229, 248, 
282,300,331. 
Assessors, abatement of taxes, 10, 32, 81, 

98, 106, 135, 273. 
assistant, 153, 154, 282. 
assistants, choice of, 125. 
choice of, 10, 32, 35, 37, 59, 61, 

93, 99, 126. 
committee to advise, 326. 



(359) 



360 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



Assessors, consist of three persons, 122. 
manner of choosing, 122. 
distribute printed tax bills, 

122,291,293. 

make returns once a year, 123. 
powers of, 314. 

request further compensa- 
tion^, 178. 

salary, 25, 26, 46, 48, 71, 73, 93, 
107, 108, 132, 170, 179, 187, 203, 
220, 235, 275, 315, 337. 
statement of taxes, 61. 
to furnish selectmen with list 
of all rateable polls, 23, 122, 
250, 265, 284, 311, 334. 
A ssize of bread, 17, 19. 
Athenanim, 355. 
Atkins, S., 107. 
Attorney, 95, 116. 
Attorney-General, 307. 
Auction of land on Beacon Hill, 293. 

near South Bridge, 293. 
public, 326. 

Auctions, petition for out-door, 24, 26. 
Auditors, examine books of Town Treas- 
urer, 134. 263, 268, 314, 337. 
report of, 187. 
Austin, 344. 

Benjamin, 14, 18, 20, 23, 29, 35, 38, 
39, 60, 68, 70, 87, 102, 103, 104, 111, 

117, 119, 124, 127, 138, 140, 146, 165, 
178, 179, 211, 263, 270, 272, 284, 333, 
341. 

James T., 351. 

.Tared, 301. 

John L., 5. 

Jonathan L., 4, 8, 29, 59, 68, 79, 98, 

118, 205, 212, 231, 333. 
Joseph, 280, 298, 326, 328, 329. 
Richard, 248, 263, 282, 300, 331. 
William, 328. 

Avery, John, 7, 20, 30, 39, 51, 68, 87, 95, 102, 
1-25, 136, 146, 165, 173, 181, 196. 

Ayers (Ayres), Moses, 12, 33, 62, 83, 99, 
120, 142, 177, 192, 209, 228. 

Bacheldor (Batchelder), Josiah, 280, 284, 

S10. 

Bacon, Ebenezer, 172. 
John, 173. 

Joseph, 217, 228, 230. 
Josiah, 140. 

Badger, Thomas, 310, 339, 340. 
Badges to be worn by chimney cleaners, 

205. 
Bailey (Bayley), Thomas, 11, 25, 35, 46, 

62, 70, 82, 92, 99, 106, 128, 129, 150, 152. 
Baker (Barker), 227, 246, 261. 

Ebenezer, 30. 
Balch, Nathaniel, 22. 
Baldwin, Loammi, 327. 

Thomas, 38, 96, 182, 265, 327. 
Ballard, O., 106. 
Baltimore, outrages In, 321. 

resolution of condolence, 324. 
Banks, Boston, 287, 306. 

Massachusetts, 287, 306. 

Union, 2, 3, 92, 107, 112, 130, 150, 

151, 186, 201, 306. 
debts to, 287, 294, 306. 
Bannister, John, 299, 330. 
Barber (Barbour), Thomas, 11, 36, 63, 85, 
100, 120, 143, 162, 177, 193, 210, 228, 247, 
248,262,281, 299,330. 

Barker, Benjamin, 107, 130, 150, 201, 287. 
Barnard, Tristram, 154, 178, 218, 257, 268. 
Barnstable district, 172. 
Barret, John, 20. 
Barry, James, 11, 36, 63. 
Thomas, 312, 335. 
Bartlet (Bartlett). Bailey, 172. 

' Roger, 12. 33, 6;t, 84, 

'100, 120, 143, 162. 
Bass, Henry, 140. 



Battery, South, 206. 

Batterymarcli street, appropriation for 

\videning, 203. 
suit to recover 

land in, 206. 

Baxter, Daniel, 233, 284. 
Bayles, J. W., 149. 
Beach street, 71. 
Beacon Hill, 90, 104, 106. 

claim to land on, 205, 215. 
committee to dispose of 

land on, 293. 

Hancock estate, disposition 

of, 263. 

sale of land on, 289. 
value of land on, 286. 
Beal, William, 333. 

Beggars, act for supression.and punish- 
ing of, 352. 
Bell, Daniel, 12, 33. 
Belligerents, 243. 
Bells, appropriation for 1806, 202. 

1807, 219. 

1808, 235. 
1810, 274. 
ringing, 25, 46. 

in Faneuil Hall cupola, 43. 
ringing of, 67, 86, 145, 164, 180, 182, 

195, 197, 213. 

tolling of, 7, 19, 21, 38, 40, 50, 69, 89, 
102, 103, 124, 127, 135, 147, 166, 171, 
205,211,230, 232, 2S9, 250, 251, 264, 
265, 278, 283, 284, 327, 332. 
Bemis, Josiah, 307. 
Bentley (Bently), Jonathan, 177. 

Joshua, 11, 30, 64, 82, 

100, 120, 143, 162. 

Bequest of Phillips, William, 163. 
Berkshire district, 172, 173. 
Berwick, 172. 
Bigelow, Abraham, 328. 
Timothy, 342. 
Bills, counterfeit, 1<)6, 151. 
Biugham, Caleb, 178, 205, 233, 265, 283, 301, 

310, 327, 333. 

Binney, Amos, 140, 284. 
Blake, Edward, 30, 39. 

George, 13, 21, 87, 102, 103, 112, 

324. 

Henry, 266, 281,299, 330. 
James, 11, 30, 64, 82, 100, 120,143 
Joseph, 68. 
8. Parkman, 355. 
Thomas, 31, 64. 
Blanchard, Caleb, 10, 32, 59, 81, 90, 93. 

George, 117, 140, 261, 266, 280, 

285, 298, 312, 329, 335, 344. 
John, 328. 
Boardman, Darius, 140. 

Thomas S.,22. 
William, 8, 12,22, 126. 
Board of Health, 37, 56, 58, 72, 90, 93, 101, 
105, 107, 108, 109, 122, 
129, 130, 132, 133, 168, 
189, 219, 257, 25S, 259, 
277, 282, 286, 287, 294, 
295, 305, 313, 326, 337, 
339, 341, 346. 
accounts, to audit, 6S, 
83, 100, 121, 143, 150, 
163, 178, 193, 198, 210, 
218, 234, 248, 253, 263, 
282, 331. 
appropriation for, 

1804, 168. 

1805, 186. 

1806, 202. 

1807, 219. 

1808, 235. 

1809, 251 . 

1810, 270. 
1811,294. 

1812, 313. 

1813, 336. 



IXDEX, 



361 



Board of Health, committee to consider 

opening Granary 

Buryiug-ground, 257. 

draft*. 91, 106, 128, 149, 

151, 186, 200, 218, 336. 
duty of, 57, 58. 
exempt from jury, 236. 
Boards and shingles, surveyors of, 
choice of, 11, 31, 36, 64, 77, 82, 100, 120, 
125, 143, 149, 16-2, 177, 193, 195, 210, 
215, 228, 247, 262, 266, 281, 299, 330. 
Bond of collector of taxes, 334. 

town treasurer, 334. 
George, 301. 
Nathan, 52. 
Booth, Francis, 12. 
Bosson, John, 99, 101. 

William, 10. 

Boston, 1, 2, 6, 7, 15, 19, 20, 21, 27, 28. 37, 38, 
39, 40, 42, 49, 50, 53, 54, 55, 57, 58, 
66, 67, 68, 69, 72, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 
79, 86, 87, 88, 89, 91, 93, 94, 95, 96, 
101, 102, 103, 107, 110, 111, 116, 
117, 122, 124, 125, 126, 127, 130, 
132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 
139, 140, 144, 145, 146, 147, 150, 
155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 164, 
165, 166, 167, 168, 170, 171, 173, 
.175, 180, 181, 182, 183, 186, 188, 
189, 190, 194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 
202, 203, 204, 205, 207, 210, 212, 
213, 214, 217, 221, 222, 223, 225, 
226, 230, 232, 233, 236, 237, 238, 
239, 240, 245, 249, 251, 252, 255, 
256, 257, 258, 260, 264, 265, 266, 
276, 27H, 279, 284, 285, 296, 297, 
300, 302, 311, 312, 315, 320, 821, 
326, 327, 328, 329, 332, 334, 335, 
340, 344, 345, 347, 355. 
Common, 41, 45, 53, 73, 76, 109, 148, 

193, 194. 

sea wall on, 194. 
Highlands, 355. 
Mill Corporation, 217, 218. 

contract with 
p r o p r i etors, 
223, 224. 
Neck, burying-ground on, 206. 

candle manufactory on. 16. 
land on, 16, 71, 101, 104/105, 

108, 128, 134, 233. 
meeting house on, 206. 
rope walk on, 84. 
slaughter house on, 16. 
turnpike on, 156. 
Better, Thomas, 14, 
Bourn (Bourne), Ez. A., 301. 
Judge, 112. 
Mr., 48, 72. 
Shearjasheb, 73, 129. 

Bowdoin, James, 7, 19. 20, 21, 38, 39, 68,69, 
86, 87, 89, 102, 124, 127, 145, 146, 147, 165, 
172. 
Bo \vker, Allen, 215, 228, 247, 262, 281, 299, 

330. 

Bowman, Edmund, 140. 
Boyd, Ebenezer L,., 30. 
Boyle, John, 310. 
Boylston, Thomas, 76, 77, 269. 
Ward Nicholas, 269. 
Brace, David, 12. 
Bradford, Alden, 327, 334, 342. 
Col., 34, 78. 
Gamaliel, 266, 316. 
Samuel, 9, 30, 60, 80, 97, 118, 141, 

161,176,191,208,227. 
Sheriff, 279. 

Bradlee (Bradley), David, 116, 137, 140. 
JosSah, 333. 
Nathaniel, 126, 149, 
162, 177, 103, 210,228 
247, 262, 281 , 299. 330. 
Thomas, 12, 24, 32, 62, 
83. 



Bray, John, 11, 36, 60, as, 80, 98, 116 117, 
118, 137, 141, 161, 17H, 191, 194, 208, 227, 
246,261,280,298,3-29. 
Brazer (Brazier), John, 117, 126, 135, 138, 

140, 179, 304. 
Bread, 13, 19, 42. 

assize of, 17, 19. 
Breen, E., 46. 
Brewer, Xnthaniel, 284. 

Samuel, 310. 
Brewster, Oliver, 8, 29, 59, 80, 98, 118, 141, 

161. 
Bridge, 224. 

Jeremiah, 284. 

from South End to Dorchester, 
13$, 158, 166. . 

not to build, 148, 149. 
from South street to South ' 

Boston, 174. 
over canal, 350. 
South Boston, 199, 267, 348. 
swing, 2, 3. 

Brigade, Legionary, 189. 
Brighton, 348. 
Brimmer, Herman, 11, 25, 32,40, 47, 63, 64, 

71, 82, 92. 

Bristol District. 172. 
Brooks, Eleazer, 172. 

Peter C., 196, 212, 231, 250, 265, 

283, 301. 
Brookline, 348. 
Brown, E., -25. 

James, 330. 
John, 292, 293, 298, 310. 
Samuel, 2, 11, 13, 20, 21, 25, 32, 35, 
47, 51, 63, 68, 70, 71, 82, 84, 87, 92, 
100, 104. 106, 113, 119, 121, 127,128, 
130, 143, 146, 149, 150, 152, 159, 163, 
164, 167, 168, 178, 181, 186, 193,203, 
210, 212, 215, 216, 220,231, 248,250, 
263,26.1, 270, 272, 274, 282, 283,294, 
300, 301, 313, 328, 331, 333, 337. 
William, 9, 22, 24, 30. 60, 80, 97, 105, 
117,118,119, 126, 127, 128, 140, 141. 
147, 148, 153, 161, 165, 167, 169, 178, 
180, 183, 197, 198, 218, 214, 218, 232, 
233, 237, 23S, 248, 2.il , 252, 2*3, 266, 
270, 272, 274, 282, 285. 286, 294, 295, 
311,313, 316, &33, 340, 347. 
Brush Hill Turnpike, 256, 267. 

Corporation, 267. 
Buckminster, Joseph S., 232, 279, 280, 299, 

326. 

Building of new school-house, 144. 
Buildings, law regulating building of, 

138, 139, 

relative to wooden, 13. 
Bulfinch, Charles. 59, 61, 73, 79, 87, 91, 96, 
106, 109, 115,117,118. 131,141, 
148, 160, 175,191,207,226.246, 
258, 259, 260, 279, 296, 297, 326, 
328, 329, 342,343,346,350, 351, 
354. 

Justice, 118, 140, 160, 190, 207, 226. 
Bulls, 14, lOi), 253. 
Burial places, chapel, 276, 277. 
granary, 276, 277. 
opening of granary, 257. 
north, 276. 

land adjoining north, 260. 
need of enlarging north, 

257. 

land on nock for, 277. 
on town land, 276. 
south, 73. 

Burley, Thomas, 328. 
Burl, Edward, 11, 36, 63. 
Bussey, Benjamin, 212, 232, 252. 
Butterfleld, John, 125, 143, 162, 177, 193, 

210,228,247,262,281. 
Butts, Noah, 10, 31, 64, 82, 99. 
Buxton, 173. 
By-laws, 71, 72, 73, 74, 104, 331, 339. 

regulating trucks, 53, 74, 144. 



362 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



By-laws, relative to market, 43, 338, 339. 
repealed, 109, 253. 
revision of, 100, 109, 138. 

Cabbit, James, 192. 
Joseph, 162. 
Cabbot (Cabot), George, 68, 182, 211, 251. 

James, 228. 

Callander (.Callender) , John, 28, 183, 197, 

214, 232, 252, Z6fi. 

Joseph, 117, 332, 

339. 
Cambridge, 172, 348. 

street, 129. 
Canal, between South Boston bridge and 

Gibson's wharf, 350. 
proposed, expense of, 350. 
Candle manufactory on the neck, 16. 
Candles, 25, 46. 
Cary, Jiev., 24f>. 
Cedar square, 355. 
Centinel, 5. 
Centre street, 105. 
Champney, John, 11. 
Chandler, Gardner, 333. 
John, 266, 285. 

Channing, Francis Dana, 204, 232, 252, 266. 
William E., 171, 229, 261, 280, 

299 330 332 
Chapman, Jonathan, 147, 160, 175, 194, 207, 

227, 232, 249, 324. 
Charles river, 224. 
Charlestown, 348. 
Chelsea, 308, 325. 

proportion of county tax, 308. 
Chesapeake, 222. 
Children, schooling of, 295. 

African, school for, 337. 
Chimney sweepers, 109, 295. 
Christie (Christy), Thomas, 193, 210,228, 

247, 262, 281, 299, 330. 
Chronicle, 5. 

Churches. (See Meeting-houses.) 
Circus, 278. 
Claim of William Cooper's heirs, 268. 

Thos. Boylston heirs, 269. 
Clap, Samuel. 8, 9, 26, 29, 32, 47, 61, 71, 80, 
92, 97, 107, 123, 130, 132, 134, 149, 150, 
160, 167, 175, 181, 191, 196, 208, 212, 227, 
246, 250. 
Clark, Benjamin, 228, 248, 262, 281, 299, 

330. 

John, 29. 

Thomas, 259,260, 275, 279, 295, 296, 
297, 315, 320, 328, 329, 337, 345, 346, 
354. 

Clay, Joseph, 230. 
Clerks of town treasurer, 275, 313. 

the market. (See Market.) 
Clocks, appropriation for, 25, 46. 

1806, 202. 

1807, 219. 

1808, 235. 
Clough, 107, 129. 

Clouston, liouis, 4. 

William, 11, 31, 64, 82, 100, 120, 
1*3, 162, 177, 193, 210, 228, 247, 
262, 281, 299, 330. 
Coal, 25, 46. 

Coasting, law against, 331. 
Coates (Coats), Benjamin, 176, 191, 208, 

227, 246, 261, 280, 298. 
Cobb, 121. 

David, 171, 196, 211, 231, 250, 264. 
Samuel, 22, 40, 59, 69, 80, 89, 103, 252, 

266,285,311,333,341. 
Cobbet (Cobbit), James, 177, 192. 

Joseph. 209, 248, 263, 281 , 

300, 331. 
Codman, John, 2, 20, 21, 39, 40, 51, 52, 56, 

68, 87, 102, 112, 146, 148. 
Stephen, 30, 60. 80, 98, 104, 118, 
141, 161, 176, 178, 179, 181, 1S2, 
184, 188, 190, 191, 195, 197, 207, 



Codman, Stephen, 208, 214, 227, 231, 232, 
233, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 245, 
246, 251, 259, 261, 279, 280, 282, 
286, 292, 293, 294, 295, 297, 298, 
300, 310, 311, 313, 329, 333, 334. 
Coffin, John G., 285. 

Peleg, 124. 

Cogswell, John, 11, 31, 64, 82, 100, 120, 143, 
162, 177, 193, 210, 228, 262, 281 , 299, 330. 
Collector of taxes. (See Taxes.) 
Commerce, foreign, prohibited, 241, 242. 
decline of, 336. 
freedom of, 316. 
Commercial restrictions, 317. 

rights, 317, 3.'0. 
Commissioners, 2-.'3, 225, 349. 

choice of, 218. 

Committees, accounts, to audit, 11, 24, 32, 
46,63, 70, 83,91,100,111,121, 
128, 143, 149, 150, 163, 178, 
187, 193, 198, 210, 234, 248, 
253, 263, 272, 282, 300, 312, 
331, 346. 

almshouse.for building new, 
33, 37, 48, 65, 91, 112, 113, 
352. 

aqueduct, to confer with 
proprietors of, 2, 3, 4, 41, 
45, 52, 55. 
assessors, assistants to, 122, 

125. 

town treasurer, 
and collector of 
taxes, to con- 
sider compen- 
sation for, 130, 
131,179. 

auctions, relative to out- 
door, 24, 26. 
bakers, 19. 
bank, new, 148, 153. 
bequest of William Phillips, 

163. 

bread, 13. 

bridges, 138, 148, 158. 
burglars, measures for pro- 
tection against, 17. 
by-laws, 73, 74. 

revision of, 100. 
constables, 120,121. 
correspondence, choice of, 

222. 
resolutions 

of, 222. 
court, compensation to 

judge, 88. 

General, 34, 35, 350. 
diseases, contagious, 34, 36. 
dock, relative to filling up, 

51, 64. 
to investigate town's 

claim to, 128, 131. 
yard, measures to es- 
tablish, 84, 85. 
Dorchester, to annex, 157. 
embargo act, 237. 
fire wards, compensation to, 

178, 179, 216. 
fish market, relative to, 24, 

26. 
Fort Hill, to exchange land 

on, 72, 73. 

Hancock, Gov., heirs of, 
claim lo land on Beacon 
Hill, 205, 215, 268. 
health, 35, 3fi, 37, 58. 
hearses at funerals, 17. 
jury boxes, to regulate, 140, 

235, 236. 

lamps, 62, 53, 56. 
land, relative to, 163. 
laws, revision of, 110. 
market, regulations of, 41, 
43,44,332,337,338, 339. 



INDEX. 



363 



Committees, market, selling stands at I 

auction, 35, 36, 37. 
Mill pond, tilling up, 159, 164, 

169, 174, 216, 217, 220, 223. 
neck, land on, 14, 15, 71, 104, 

105, 108, 128. 

negroes, increase of, 72, 73. 
Old State House, disposal of, 

34, 35, 51, 54, 78, 117, 136, 153, 

154, 249. 
orator, to provide for July 

Fourth, 1, 28, 50, 75, 94, 110, 

132, 155, 170, 189, 204, 221, 

236, 255, 275, 296, 320, 345. 
petition, artillery company, 

>-0 
|O. 

Clonston, Louis, 4. 
Davis, Amasa, 52, 

53. 

Davis, Isaac and 

others, 340, 345,347. 

fishermen, 34, 37, 44. 

French, Abraham, 

24,26 

Fuller, Asa, 13, 15. 
General Court, 240. 
Hancock heirs, 268. 
Hill, Henry, 14, 16, 

17. 
Hunt, Samuel, 178, 

179, 184, 187. 
Ivers, James, 215. 
Jaquish, Aaron, '.'4, 

26. 

Knapp, Josiah, 71. 
legislature, 243. 
Odin, John, 326. 
Patten, Nathaniel, 

84. 
Powell, William, 51, 

56. 
Pr.ttt, James, 101, 

105. 

Smith, William, 311. 
Tales, James, 4, 5. 
Thwing, James, 4. 
town treasurer, 

313. 

police, by-laws for, 72. 
posts in Ann street, to erect, 

3 13. 

report of, 16, 17, 19, 26, 44,47, 

48, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 58, 64, 6.\ 

70, 73, 77, 85, 88, 92, 106, 108, 

109, 112, 114, 122, 125, V28, 

131, 144, 148, 151, 154, 15, 

158, 163, 168, 174, 179, li*4, 

186, 188, 194, 215, 216, 222, 

223, 255, 257, 258, 259, 269, 

271, 272, 277, 286, 302, 312, 

313, 316, 320, 335, 337, 338, 

344, 346, 347, 351. 

rope.walks at bottom ofCom- 

mon.148,153, 

194. 

West Boston, 

14, 15. 

schools. (See Schools.) 
streets, 105, 106, 257, 258. 
Suffolk County affairs, 153, 

156. 159. 
town's financial affairs, 119, 

122, 123, 159. 
money, to place on 

Interest, 3. 
town, security of, 112. 

against fires, 

112, 137. 

treasurer, accounts, 25, 
41, 70, 106, 
128, 149, 168. 
and collec- 
tor, salary 
of, 167. 



Committees, town treasurer, to issue 

notes, 121, 124, 131. 
trucks, 52. 
voters, to revise list of, 117, 

139. 

Washington, George, to 
dravr up resolutions on 
death of, 78. 
wharfingers, to confer with, 

144. 
will of Boylston, Thomas, 

76, 77. 

workhouse, 113, 114, 351. 
Common, bulls on, 353. 
sewer, 326. 
street, 104. 

Commonwealth, the, fi, 7, 10, 17, 32, 34, 36, 
51, 54, 61, 63,66,72,74, 
81,95, 97, 109, 119,135, 
136, 142, 149, 161, 173, 
176, 192, 205, 209, 239, 
240, 261, 278, 280, 297, 
320, 328, 841, 343. 
amount due the, 200. 
secretary of, 7, 39, 6S, 87, 
102, 125, 136, 146, 165, 
173, 181, 196, 205, 212, 
231, 239, 251, 265, 279, 
284, 302, 328, 334. 
Confederation, fundamental principle of, 

241. 
Congress, 7, 23, 51, 135, 136, 173, 205, 237, 

238, 239, 278, 316, 317. 
Connor, Barney, 83, 99, 120, 142, 162, 177, 

192, 209, 228, "248, 263, 281. 
Constables, 120, 128,273, 307. 

appropriation for 1806, 202. 

1807, 219. 

1808, 234. 
1810, 273. 

choice of, 10, 27, 31, 36, 41, 64, 

73,82,99,101, 121. 
(See, also, Watch.) 

Constitution, or frame of government, 19> 
21, 38, 40, 67, 69, 86, 89, 102. 
103, 124, 126, 127, 145, 146, 
164, 16H, 180, 182, 195, 197, 
211, 213, 230, 232, 250, 251, 
264, 265, 275, 276, 283, 284, 
300, 311, 332, 334. 
provisions of, 241. 

Contract of town with Boston Mill Cor- 
poration, 223, 224. 
Convention, for Common Good, 325. 

to appoint Town Treasurer 
and Collector of Taxes, 
341, 342, 343. 
Convicts, 353. 
Coolidge, Caleb, 162, 177, 193, 210, 228. 

Joseph, 160, 175, 179, 191, 208, 

227, 232, 246, 261, 279, 298, 329. 
Samuel F., 333. 
William, 333. 
Cooper, Samuel, 2, 21, 68. 

William, 1, 8, 9, 22, 26, 28, 29, 34, 
35, 36, 47, 49, 59, 71, 75, 79, 91, 92, 
94, 96, 107, 110, 117, 118, 130, 132, 
140, 152, 155, 160, 168, 170, 175, 
187, 189, 190. 204, 207, 211, 220, 
221, 22R, 230, 235, 236, 245, 246, 250, 
254, 255, 268, 269, 270, 274. 
Copeland, Elisha, 121. 

Nathaniel, 12. 
Copp's Hill, purchase of land on, 274. 

removal of Gun House from, 

278. 

Coroners, 307. 

Corporations, Aqueduct, 2, 3, 4, 41, 45, 52. 
Aqueduct, give bond, 

45. 
Aqueduct, restrictions on, 

55. 

Boston Bridge, 201 . 
Boston Mill, 217, 218. 



364 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



Corporations, Boston Mill, contract with 

proprietors of, 223, 224. 
erection of mills by, 349. 
to build mill dam, 340, 345, 

347, 348. 

Correspondence, Committee of, 222. 
(Jotting, Uriah, 13. 
Cotton, John, 324. 
Uriah, 140. 
Council, the, 53, 56. 
County, Norfolk, 54, 136, 153. 

Suffolk. (See Suffolk.) 
Court, Municipal, 88, 98, 120, 162, 176, 192, 

353. 

Advocate of, appro- 
priation for 1806, 202. 
Judge of, appropria- 
tion for 1806, 202. 
Judge of, compensa- 
tion to, 87, 88, 216, 
217, 219, 220, 234, 235, 
274, 295, 315, 337. 
of Common Pleas, 5, 23H, 297. 
General, 6, 21, 27, 34, 35, 40, 50, 52, 
65, 56, 58, 69, 73, 78, 88, 89, 103, 
109, 123, 127, 128, 135, 136, 137,146, 
166, 171, 181, 182, 189, 197, 205, 
211, 213, 232, 289, 250, 267, 277, 293, 
327, 336, 352. 
House, erection of, 308. 

new, land for, 255. 

school near, 314. 
passage to, 315. 

of Sessions, 5, 9, 17, 32, 74, 110, 119, 
228, 265, 298, 327, 332, 338, 339, 
352. 

Superior Judicial, 5, 297. 
Supreme Judicial, 54, 95. 
Crafts, Thomas, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 13, 14, 15. 
Crocker, Allen, 15. 
Joseph, 9. 

Cromston, Henry, 27. 
Crosby, William, 101. 
Cruft (Crufts), Edward, 227, 246, 261, 280, 

298, 329. 
Cullers of fish. (See Fish.) 

of staves. (See Staves.) 
Cumberland, district, 172, 173. 
Cunningham, Andrew, 9, 60, 80, 98, lis, 
141, 176, 191, 208. 227, 246, 
261.280, 298, 329. 
William, 161. 
Curtis, Charles, 270, 27S. 
Mr., 271. 
Nathaniel, 165, 230, 246, 261, 266, 

280, 2*5, 298, 312, 329, 335. 
Th;-ophilu8, 295, 315, 331. 
Thomas, 176, 191, 208, 227, 246, 261, 

280. 
Cushing, John, 13. 

Jonathan, 11, 33, 36, 63, ?4, 100, 
120, 143, 162, 177, 193, 210, 228, 
248. 

Theophilus, 20, 86, 87. 
Custom House, 244, 310. 
Cutter, Daniel, 2-28, 248. 
Henry, 301. 

Dall, William, 176. 
Dalton, Peter R.,68. 
Dam, from Boston to South Boston, 348. 
failure of, 349. 
road over, 349. 
Damages from agreement with Dam Cor- 

poration, 349. 
Dane, Nathan, 328. 

Danfortl), Thomas, 170, 197, 214, 232, 266. 
Darracott (Darracnt, Darricot, Darri- 

c-ott), William. 11,31, 62.P4. 82, 83,99, 

100, 120, 142, 143, 1<;2, 177, 192, 193. 
Davenport, Rufus, 30. 
Davis, Amasa, 8, 15,30,54, 53,60, 80, 97, 

116,117,118,119,137, 140, 141, 161, 176, 

191,208,214,227. 



Davis, Charles, 191, 197, 209, 214, 228, 232 
247, 252, 261, 266, 280, 285, 299 
311,324,330, 334,350. 
Isaac P. ,12, 33, 62, 83, 99, 121, 148, 
206, 232, 266, 285, 292, 293, 298, 312, 
340, 345, 347. 
John, 76. 172, 216, 218, 225, 228, 247, 

262, 268. 

Joshua, 128,148,167, 176,183, 191, 
198, 208, 227, 233, 246, 252, 261,280, 
293, 298,310,324,347. 
Judge, 215, 257. 
J. P., 251,310. 
Thomas, 39, 111. 

Dawes, Thomas, 2, 3, 7, 9, 13, 19, 20, 22, 27, 
29, 31, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 49, 51, 52, 
59, 60, 67, 68, 70, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 81, 86, 
87, 89, 93, 94, 96, 97, 100, 101, 104, 105, 
107, 110, 111, 113, 119, 121, 127, 128, 130, 



191, 193, 198, 203, 208, 210, 214, 216, 217, 
220, 235, 254, 274, 276, 295, 315, 316, 320, 
325, 326, 337, 347, 350, 351. 
Deane, Josiah, 172. 

Debit and credit of the town, 25, 46, 70, 
91, 92, 106, 128, 129, 130, 149, 150, 168, 186, 
198, 218, 219, 234, 273, 287, 306, 327. 
Declaration of Independence, anniver- 
sary of, 1, 28, 50, 76, 94, 110, 133, 155, 
170, 190, 204, 221, 236, 255, 296, 320, 321, 
345 
Deeds of land, 15, 206, 215, 280. 

for ropewalk, 153. 
register of, choice of, 96, 192. 
Deer, informer of, choice of, 11, 63. 
Deer Island, rent, 200. 

salt works on, 136. 
Deluce, John, 215, 228, 248, 263, 281, 29EJ, 

300, 315. 

Demming, John, 9, 
Dennie, Thomas, 14, 88, 89,98,118, 141, 161, 

176, 191, 208, 227, 232, 246, 252, 261, 266. 
Dexter, Aaron, 9, 22, 31, 51, 61, 81, 97, 119, 
141, 161, 176, 191, 208, 227, 247, 
261, 280, 299, 330. 
Samuel, 240, 284, 301, 316, 325, 327, 

328, 333. 
Diseases, contagious, act to prevent 

spread of, 34, 36, 56. 
Districts, Barnstable, 172. 

Berkshire, 172, 173. 
Bristol, 172. 
Cumberland, 172, 173. 
Essex, 171, 172. 
Hampshire, 172. 
Kennebeck, 172, 173. 
Lincoln, 172, 173. 
Maine, 171. 
Massachusetts, 171. 
Middlesex, 172. 
Norfolk, 172, 173. 
Plymouth, 172. 
Suffolk, 135, 171, 172, 205, 239. 
Worcester, 172, 173. 
York, 172, 173. 
Doane, Isaiah, 116, 137, 140. 
Doble, Joseph, 12, 33, 63, 84, 177, 193, 210, 

228, 248. 

Dock, Ivers, to cleanse, 56. 
Olivers, to cleanse, 56. 
Olivers, to fill up, 56, 64. 
post on, 13. 
square, 338, 339. 

dealers in, 338. 
town, 13, 34, 37, 51, 71, 128, 131. 

to cleanse, 56. 
Yard, to establish, 84, 85. 
Doggett, Neheminh, 149. 

Noah, 16-2, 177, 193, 210, 228,247, 

262,281,299,330. 

Donaldson (Donnison), Ge-n., 14, 64, 140. 
Judge, 308. 



INDEX. 



365 



Donaldson (Donnison), William, 67,307. 
Dorchester, 138, 148. 

annexed to Boston, 157. 

conditions of annexation, 

158. 

Dorr, Samuel, 344, 346, 351. 
Dow, Samuel, 10. 
Drain, Kilby street, 164. 
Duggan, John, 20, 22, 40, 68. 
Dunn, Samuel, 125, 126, 285, 312, 335. 
Dutton, Warren, 189, 190, 252, 266, 325. 
Dyke, on Neck, 267. 

Eason,. James, 100. 
Eaton, David S., 301. 
Joseph, 22. 
her., 207, 329. 
Eayres, Moses, 299, 330. 
Eckley, Joseph, 81, 95, 97, 119, 141, 161, 164, 
176, 190, 191, 208, 226, 227,229,230,247, 
264. 

Edes, Edward, S, 12, 14, 29, 30, 33, 59, 60, 
62 79, 80, 83, 97, 98, 99, 117, 118, 120, 126, 
141, 142. 
Edicts, 317. 

Education, new system of, 9, 10.-31, 61, 81, 
97, 119, 142, 161, 176, 192, 209, 228, 247, 
261, 280, 330. 
Edwards, Richard, 211. 

Thomas, 8, 20, 21, 29, 39, 51, 52, 
60, 64, 104, 138, 151, 173, 175, 
178, 180. 
Electors of President and Vice-President, 

choice of, 6, 7, 23, 171, 172, 173, 328. 
Eliot (Elliot), 344. 

Ephraim, 279, 292, 293, 298, 

310, 329, 351. 
Rev. Dr., 21, 89, 160, 180, 

213,251,311. 

Simon, 76, 78, 80, 87, 98, 
118,141,161,176,183,191, 

197, 208, 214, 227, 246, 252, 
261, 266. 
Ellis, Jonathan, 135. 

Joshua, 312, 333. 
Ellison, James, 228. 

William, 31, 64, 82, 100, 120, 143, 
162, 177, 193, 210, 228, 247, 248, 
262, 281, 299, 330. 
Embargo, 237, 241, 242, 244, 245. 
Emmerson, William, 85, 97, 103, 119, 132, 
133,141,161, 176, 191, 195, 209, 228, 247, 
261, 278, 280, 286. 
Emmes, Samuel, 120. 
Emmons, Samuel, 142, 162, 177, 192, 209, 

229, 248, 263, 281. 300, 331. 
Engine, hay, 106, 107, 129. 

house, repairs, 202, 219, 234. 
men, exempt from jury, 236, 297. 
England, threatened war with, 317 
Essex, 171, 172. 
Eunson, James, 85, 120, 143, 162, 177, 193, 

210, 228, 248, 262, 281, 299. 
Eustis, Jacob, 140. 

William, 13, 16, 20, 21, 24, 34, 35, 36, 
39, 40, 41, 51, 55, 64, 68, 69, 87, 89, 
95, 135, 169, 173, 205, 211, 212, 222, 
231,233,239,240,333. 
Everett, David, 278. 
Oliver, 95. 
Expense of supporting people in jail, 

353. 

Expenses of town for current year, 25, 
46, 71, 92, 255, 274. 

Faneuil Hall, 1, 2, 6, 7, 19, 21, 27, 28, 38, 39, 
49, 50, 58, 67, 69, 75, 76, 78, 
79, 86, 87, 88, 93, 94, 96, 101 , 
103, 110, 111, 116, 117, 124, 
125, 126, 127, 132, 133, 14, 
135,136, 137, 138, 139,140, 
145, 146, 147, 155, 156, 158, 
159, 160, 164, 165, 166, 167, 
170, 171, 173, 175, 180, 181, 



Faneuil Hall, 182, 183, 188, 189, 190, 195, 
196, 198, 203, 204, 205, 207, 
210, 213, 214. 221, 222, 225, 
226, 230, 232, 233, 236, 237, 
239, 245, 249, 251, 2.V2, -IK, 
256, 257, 2GO, 264, 265, 266, 
275, 276, 278, 279, 283, 284, 
285, 286, 296, 297, 300,311, 
312, 315, 320, 326, 327, 329, 
332, 334, 335, 340, 341, 344, 
345, 347. 

bell in cupola, 43. 
enlarging of, 184, 185, 202, 

271. 
expenses of, 

219, 336. 

Market. (See Market.) 
portrait of Washington 

to ue hung in, 194, 355. 
resources from, 271. 
Farley, John, 173. 
Faxon, Richard, 285, 312, 335, 341. 
Fellows, Nathaniel, 9, 30, 60, 70, 80, 97. 
103, 104, 105, 112,119, 123, 124, 126, 127, 
131, 138, 140, 146, 147. 

Fence viewers, choice of, 12, 33, 62, 83, 99, 
120, 142, 162, 177, 192, 209, 228, 248, 262, 
281, 299, 330. 
Fenno, William, 36, 63. 
Ferries, Winnisimmet, 85. 
Fessenden, Benjamin, 117. 
Flllebrown, Thomas, 173. 
Fines, 74, 84, 129, 149. 
Firemen, premiums to, 25, 46. 
Fires, 15, 112, 113, 116. 137. 
Fire wards, 14, 80, 119, 138, 194, 205, 208, 

216, 261. 

choice of, 8, 9, 15, 30, 60, 80, 
97, 118, 123, 141, 161, 176, 
183, 191, 208, 214, 227, 230, 
246, 266, 280, 298, 329. 
exempt from jury, 236. 
resignation of, 266. 
request compensation, 178. 
salary of, 179. 

Fish, cullers of, choice of, 12, 33, 63, 84, 
100, 120, 143, 162, 177, 193, 210, 228, 
248, 262,281,299,330. 
stalls in Market square to be shut 

up, 26. 
street, 132. 
Flood gates, 224. 
Folsom, John W., 140. 

T. W., 106. 
Fort Hill, 41, 45, 72, 73. 

circular walk on, 185. 
gun-house on, erection of, 276. 
land on, for use of artillery 

company, 278. 
proceeds of sale of land on, 

219. 

reservoir on, 41, 45. 
Foster, Hopestill, 106. 

Joseph', 229, 246, 260, 279, 297, 310, 

328, 329, 344, 346. 
Thomas, 11,36,63. 
Fowle, Henry, 214, '2.'7. 
Fox, John, 117. 
France, alliance with, 319. 
commerce of, 242. 
decrees of, 317. 
views of, 317. 

Francis, Silas, 229, 248, 263, 282. 
Franklin street, 15. 
Frazer, Nathan. 69, 89. 
Freeman, Rev. Mr., 102, 166. 
French Revolution, 321. 
Abraham, 24, 26. 
John, 31, 64. 
Front street, 178. 
Fuller, Asa, 13, 15. 

Funerals, at Granary and chapel, discon- 
tinuance of, 277. 
use of hearses at, 17. 



366 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



Gardiner, J. S. J., 310, 328. 
Gardner, Jeremiah, 3i'7. 
John, -211,230. 
Lemuel, 85, 100, 120, 143, 162, 

177, 193, 210, 228, 247. 
Rev. Mr., 135. 

Robert, 9, 30, 60, 80, 97, 116, 118, 
137, 140, 141, 161, 167, 176, 179, 
284. 

Rt., 117. 

Gates for dam, 348. 
General Court. (See Court.) 
Gerry, Elbridge, IS), 20, 68, 86, 102, 124, 145, 
172, 180, 196, 211, 231, 250, 251, 264, 283, 
301. 

Geyer, Thomas, 30. 
Gill, Mosvs, 19, 20, 38, 68, 86. 
Gleason, Joseph, 14. 
Glover, Nathaniel, 247, 262, 281, 299, 330. 
Goal, physician to, 307. 
Goddard, Benjamin,, 118, 141, 160, 175, 191, 

197, 208, 214, 227, 232, 246. 
Thacher, 285, 312, 334. 
Gooch, William, 106, 129, 149. 
Goodlme, Benjamin, 171. 
Goodwin, David, 278. 

Ozias. 160, 161, 175, 176, 191, 208, 
227, 246, 261, 279, 298, 324, 329, 
351. 

Goolsburough, 171. 
Gore, Christopher, 180, 196, 212, 222, 231, 

232, 237,*250, 251, 264, 283, 325. 
Gorham, Benjamin, 325. 

Stephen, 8, 22, 29, 40, 51, 59, 98, 

118, 141, 161, 212. 

Governor and Lieut.-Governor, choice 
of, 19, 20, 23, 38, 68, 102,124, 145, 164, 180, 
196, 211, 231, 250, 264, 283, 301, 333. 
Grant to Mill Dam Corporation, 348. 

William, 152. 

Grants and allowances. (See Salaries.) 
Graves, removal of bodies from, 276. 

in Granary burying-ground, 257. 
Gray, Edward, !*, 31, 61, 81, 97, 117, 119, 141, 

161, 176, 183, 340. 
John, 106, 130, 150, 201, 287. 
Mr., 194. 

William, 264, 283, 301, 327, 328, 333. 
Great Britain, 316, 318,319. 

commerce of, 241. 

Green (Greene), David, 21, 23, 31,61,68, 

81,97,119,141,161,176, 

191, 208, 228, 247, 261, 

280, 299, 326. 

William, 193,210,228,247, 

2K2, 281, 299, 330. 
Greenough, David, 351. 
Gridley, Samuel, 27, 31, 64, 82, 99. 
Gun-house, 53, 72, 73, 76. 

permit to erect, 276. 
removal of, 278. 

Hall, James, 13. 

Joseph, 69, 89, 94, 183. 
Hallowell, 172, 173. 
Hamlin, George, 12, 33, 62, 83. 
Hammatt (H a m m e t, Hammett\ 

Benjamin, 61,67,81,99. 
William, 216, 232, 233, 252, 
257, 266, 268, 285, 295, 312, 334, 
347, 350. 

William J., 330. 
Hammond, Mary, 201. 
Hampshire district, 172. 
Hancock, Ebenezer, 23, 29, 52, 59, 79, 96, 

134, 135. 

John, 13, 205, 215, 263, 268. 
Thomas, 215. 
Harrington, Ruf us, 228, 248, 263, 281, 300, 

331. 
Harris, Edward, 333. 

Gyles, 10, 32, 61. 

Jonathan, 15, 29, 60, 206, 233, 251, 
301. 



Harris, William, 312, 335. 
Hart, Edmund, 84, 85. 
Hartshorne, O., 121, 129. 
Haskell, Itev. Mr., 124. 
Hastings, Samuel, 106. 
Hatch, Jabez, 8, 30, 60, 80. 
Hathorn, Col. John, 172. 
Haverhill, 172. 
Haward, Rev. Dr., 6, 140. 
Hay engine, 106, 107, 129. 

market, income from, 200. 
weigher, 152. 
Hayes (Hays;, Judah, 183, 194. 

Michael Moses, 39. 
Hay ward, Lemuel, 284. 
Haywards, choice of, 12, 33, 62, 83, 85, 99, 
"120, 142, 162, 177, 192, 209, 215, 217, 228, 
230, 248, 263, 281, 295, 300, 315, 331. 
Head, Joseph, 22, 30, 60, 80, 97, 118, 141, 
161, 176, 191, 208, 227, 232, 246, 252, 261, 
280, 298, 325. 
Healcy, Mr., 71. 
Heard, John, 191, 209, 228, 247, 261, 280, 

284, 299, 330. 

Hearsey, Thomas, 248, 262. 
Heath, William, 20, 38, 51, 68, 86, 102, 124, 

165, 173, 180, 196, 283, 301. 
Hemp, surveyors of, choice of, 11, 33, 62, 
83, 99, 120, 142, 162, 177, 192, 209, 229, 
248, 263, 281, 300, 331. 
Henderson, Benjamin, 11, 25, 35, 46, 62, 

70, 82, 92, 99, 106, 128, 129, 150, 152. 
Hewes (Hews), Richard, 117. 
Samuel, 140. 

Shubael, 10, 31, 63, 82, 99. 
Hichborn (Hichbourne), Philip, 11, 36, 63. 

Samuel, 340. 
Hicks, Zachariah, 340. 
Higginson, Stephen, 7, 22, 39, 40, 181, 212, 

232, 251. 

Highways, surveyors of, choice of, 12, 93, 
63, 84, 100, 120, 143, 163, 177, 193, 210, 229, 
248, 263, 282, 300, 331. 

Hill, Henry, 8, 14, 16, 17, 18, 21, 29, 59, 79, 
98, 118, 141, 160, 175, 191, 208, 327, 246, 
261, 279. 

Hitchborn, Thomas, 10, 61. 
Hoar, Samuel, 328. 
Hodgdon, Benjamin, 30. 
Hogreeves, choice of, 12, 33, 62, 83, 85, 99, 
120, 142, 162, 177, 209, 215, 228, 230, 248, 
281,295, 300, 315,331. 
Holbrook, Jirah, 10, 14, 31, 82, 99, 121. 

Jonah, 63. 

Holland, Jacob, 125. 
Holley t Holly), Horace, 249,326, 327, 330, 

334. 

Hollis, David, 12, 32, 62, 83. 
Romans, Benjamin, 10, 279, 284, 302, 310. 
Homer, Eleazer, 195, 210, 228, 247, 262, 281, 

299, 330. 

Michael, 253, 263, 282, 300, 331. 
Homes, Barzillia, 312. 
Hospital of almshouse, number of peo- 
ple in, 353. 

on almshouse estate, 314. 
bequest toward building, 163. 
House of Correction, cost of building, 

1 14, 354. 

court of sessions, 
provide for, 352. 
petition to estab- 
lish, 351. 

use of, as jail, 353. 
Representatives. (See Repre- 
sentatives.) 
Hovey, Amos, 68. 
How (Howe), Edward, 106, 108. 

John, 247, 262, 281, 299, 330. 
Nathaniel, 228, 248, 262, 281, 

299, 330. 
Howard, John C., 30. 

John D., 176, 191, 208, 214, 285, 
312, 335, 340. 



INDEX. 



367 



Howard, Joseph, 15, 29, 30, 33, 41, 59, 60, 
79, 80, 91, 96, 97, 117, 118, 141, 
161. 

Hubbard (Hubbart), Tuthill, 201, 287. 
Hudson, Hezekiah, 228, 248, 262, 281. 
Hunneman, William Cooper, 83, 100, 120, 

142, 162, 177, 192, 209, 229. 
Hunnewell, Jonathan, 96, 103,117, 118,123, 
126, 127, 141, 143, 147, 160, 161, 166, 175, 
176, 181, 182, 191, 197. 207,208,213,227, 
232, 246, 251, 252, 260, 261, 266, 279, 280, 
284, 285, 297, 298, 311, 326, 328, 329, 333, 
334, 345. 
Hunt, Augustus, 13, 212. 

Samuel, 24, 27, 178, 179, 18i, 187, 

188, 202. 

Huntington, Rev., 239. 
Hurd, John, 37,59, 81, 99. 
Hutchinson, Edward, 86. 

street, to widen, 3. 
Hutson, Hezekiah, 11, 36, 63. 

Idle and disorderly persons, act to pun- 
ish, 352. 

Inches, Henderson, 62, 212. 

Independence Day, celebration of the 
anniversary, 1, 28, 50, 75, 94, 110, 133, 
155, 170, 190, 204, 221, 236, 255, 275, 296, 
320, 345. 

Indictment against town, 282. 

Informer of deer. (See Deer.) 

Ingersol, Daniel, 33, 62, 77, 82, 83, 99, 
100, 120, 142, 143, 162, 177, 192, 193, 209, 
210. 

Ingraham, Joseph, 73, 82. 

Inhabitants, 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 15, 16, 17, 19, 
20, 22, 23, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 
32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 
42, 44, 47, 49, 50, 52, 54, 55, 
56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 65, 67, 
69, 70, 71, 73, 76, 76, 77, 78, 
79, 80, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 91, 
92, 93, 94, 96, 97, 9S, 101, 103, 
104, 107, 109, 110, 111, 113, 
115, 116, 117, 118, 122, 124, 
126, 127, 130, 132, 133, 134, 
135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 
141, 145, 146, 147, 149, 152, 
155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 
161, 164, 165, 166. 167, 168, 
170, 171, 173, 174, 175, 176, 
179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 
185, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 
195, 196, 197, 198, 203, 204, 
205, 207, 210, 213, 214, 216, 
220, 221, 222, 223, 225, 226, 
230, 232, 233, 236, 237, 238, 
239, 240, 245, 249, 251, 255, 
256, 258, 2o9, 260, 264, 265, 
266. 269, 275, 276, 277, 278, 
279, 283, 284, 285, 296, 297, 
300, 302, 321, 323, 327, 328, 
332, 334, 335, 336, 340, 345, 
347, 350. 
arming of, 324. 
tax on, 274. 

Injunction on Town Treasurer, 309. 

Inmates of almshouse, number of, 353. 

Inoculation, 133. 

Islands, Noddles, 85. 

Ivers dock, to cleanse, 56. 
James, 215. 

Jackson, Charles, 232, 251, 252, 284, 312 

316, 325. 
Henry, 9, 30, 60, 80, 84, 85, 97, 118, 

141, 161, 176, 191, 208, 227. 
James, 284. 
Jonathan, 151. 
Jail, 115, 353. 

people in, 353. 
James, Francis, 229, 248, 263, 282, 300, 

331. 
Jaquish, Aaron, 24, 26. 



Jarvis, Charles, 13, 20, 22, 39, 68, 70, 76, 87, 
102, 103, 105, 127, 146, 153, 167, 169, 
222. 

Peter, 151. 
William, 233, 239. 
Jennings, William, 14. 
Jepson, Benjamin, 11, 25, 35, 46, 62, 70, 82, 

92, 9:, 106, 128, 129, 150, 152. 
Jones, Edward, 12, 33, 62. 

John Coffin, 14, 18, 20, 39, 51, 68, 78, 

83, 84, 85, 87, 102, 103, 111, 117, 127, 

138, 145, 148, 171,211,222, 231, 240, 

251, 278, 284, 316, 320, 324, 325, 333. 

Joseph, 284. 

Thomas Kilby, 197, 212, 214, 284. 
Joy, Benjamin, 30, 60, 80, 97, 118, 141, 161. 
John, 218, 257,268. 
Thomas, 327. 

Jurors, act regulating choice of, 5, 335. 
choice of, 5, 297. 
grand, 23(i, 297, 338. 
law relative to, 235, 335. 
petit, 5, 23C, 297. 
traverse, 236, 297. 
Jury boxes, 76, 140. 

to regulate, 205. 

engine men exempt from, 297. 

Justices of Court of Sessions, application 

to, 255, 327. 
of the peace, 116, 211, 230, 307, 338, 

344. 
use of jail by, 353. 

Keating, Oliver, 252, 266, 285, 295, 312, 334. 

Kempton, William, 84. 

Kennebeck district, 172, 173. 

Kennedy, John, 10. 

Kent, Seth, 310. 

Kettel (Kettle), Joseph, 117, 194, 207, 227, 

229. 

Kilby street, 159, 163. 
Kine pox, 133. 
King, Gidney, 298, 329, 340. 

William, 301, 333. 
Kingston, 172. 
Kirkland, John T., 23, 31, 61, 81, 97, 119, 

141, 161, 176, 191, 196, 208, 227, 247, 261, 

280. 

Kitteredge, Thomas, 172. 
Knapp, Joseph, 148. 

Josiah, 71, 105, 128, 138, 140, 153, 

167, 178, 183, 252, 266, 285, 312. 
Knox, Henry, 180, 196. 
Kuhn, John, 84, 333. 

Lamps, 14, 52, 53, 56, 130. 

appropriation for, 25, 46, 202, 219, 

234. 

to be lighted, 56, 
Lancaster, 173. 
Land, claim to, on which almshouse 

stands, 249, 
for new school-house, to purchase, 

144. 
town's, west of ajmshouse, for 

House of Correction, 301. 
Fort Hill, proceeds of, 219. 

use of for Artillery Co., 

278. 

lease, near John Odin's ware- 
house, 326. 

Old State House, selling of, 54, 78. 
owners, Fuller, Asa, 16. 
purchase of on Copp's Hill, 274. 
near North Burying 

Ground, 257, 260. 
taken by town, 5. 
town, release on Kilby street, 163. 
relinquish all claim to Mill 

Pond, 217. 
town's application to lay pipes 

through, 2, 4. 
on Beach street, to sell, 
71. 



368 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



Land, town's exchange of, 3, 72, 121, 20fi. 
on Fort Hill, 72, 73. 

lease of, 41, 

45. 

to sell, 185. 

given for new street, 178. 
gun-house, to erect on, 53. 
moneys for sale of, 3. 
on the Neck, 13, 16, 44, 71, 
84, 101, 104, 
105, 108,128, 
134,147,167, 
183, 206,214, 
216, 233,252, 
267, 287,289, 
294, 347. 
candle man- 
u f a c tory 
on, 16. 

grant of, 267. 
conditions of 
sale of, 184, 
186, 289. 
slaughte r- 
house on, 
16. 

trustees for, 

choice of, 

105, 167,183, 

198,214,252, 

287, 294,347. 

trustees to 

manage, 

105, 108,134, 

148,167,183. 

on Orange street, disposal 

of, 165. 

for reservoir, lease of, 41. 
for ropewalks, 153, 194. 
sale of, on which alms- 
house stands, 65. 
to sell, 90, 121, 289. 
value of, on Beacon Hill, 

286. 
opposite mall, 

286. 
at South bridge, 

286, 307. 
wharf on, to build, 139. 

not to build, 149. 
Lane, Henry, 121. 
Late, Willia'm, 84. 
Lathrop, Rev. Dr., 175, 240, 260, 300. 
Law for erecting workhouse, 351, 352. 
Laws against foreigners, 116. 

vagrants, to be executed, 

115. 

assize on bread, 17, 19. 
embargo, 241, 244,245. 
new edition of, 109, 110. 
to be read at town meeting, 7, 21, 29, 
58, 79, 96, 117, 140, 160, 175, 190, 207, 
226, 246, 297, 329. 
prohibiting sale of oysters, 37. 
onredistricting Commonwealth, 264. 
regulating buildings, 138, 139, 195. 
relating to town olficers, 329. 
relative to health, 37, 58. 
jurors, 235, 335. 
mourning, 69, 89, 103. 
wood, 34, 63, 343, 144. 
to enforce embargo, 242, 245. 
regulate paving of streets, 74. 
secure town against fires, 15. 

to re- 
peal, 27. 

Leather, sealers of, choice of, 12, 32, 62, 83. 
Lee, George C., 252, 266. 

George G., 285, 312, 335. 
Legionary Brigade, 189. 
Legislature, 84, 88, 115. 117, 128, 138, 158, 

189, 267, 277, 316, 343, 352. 
petition to, 241, 242, 243, 290, 
340. 



Legislature, resolves of, relative to dis- 
posing of Old State House, 
54. 

Leonard, George, 172. 
Leopard, 222. 

Letter from Bray, Major, 194. 
from Clap, Samuel, 134. 
from .Jane Stuart, 355. 
Committee of Correspondence, 

222. 

from Fellows, Nathaniel, 104, 105. 
from Howard, Joseph, 34. 
from Parkman, Samuel, 194. 
from school committee, 188. 
from Sever, Ebenezer, 34. 
from Sturgis, Russell, 34, 104, 105. 
from Tilden, David, 104, 105, 229. 
Leverett, John, 249, 287 t 
Lewis, Amos, 10, 31, 39, 63, 82, 99, 121, 

333. 
Thomas, 68, 116, 137, 140, 211, 212, 

239, 299. 

Lilley, John S., 39. 
Lime, inspectors of, choice of, 263, 282, 300, 

331. 
Lincoln, 172. 

district, 172, 173. 
Gen., 245. 

Levi,211, 231, 250, 283. 
Mitchell, 116, 117, 137, 140. 
List Of jurors, 5, 140, 235, 236. 
Little, William, 8, 9, 20, 21, 29, 30, 40, 60, 

283,301,3:53. 
Livermore, Ed. St. Loe, 316, 325, 345. 

Samuel, 327. 
Lloyd, James, 182, 197, 212, 214, 231, 333, 

334. 

Logwood, 115. 
London, 77. 
Lord, John, 172. 

Samuel, 140. 

Lord's Day, 10, 32, 61, 81, 98, 156. 
Loring, Braddock, 177, 193, 210, 228, 247, 

262, 281, 299, 330. 
Brodick, 162. 
C., 126. 
James, 344. 

Jonathan, 102, 285, 312, 335. 
Joseph, 11, 3t>, ;3. 
Matthew, 12, 32, 62. 
Nathaniel, 83. 
Lothrop, John, 1. 

Rev. Dr., 7, 67, 211. 
Levering, Joseph, 297, 298, 328, 329. 
Lovet, James, 3. 
Lovis, William, 299. 
Low, William, 31, 64, 70. 
Lowell, Charles, 204, 283, 286, 299, 330. 

John, 14, 18, 40, 69, 72, 73, 75, 76, 89, 
94, 127, 147, 251, 292, 293, 298, 307, 
310, 331. 
Lyman, Theodore, 240, 325. 

Mackay (Mackey), Mungo, 9, 14, 129. 

William, 138, 160, 175, 191, 208, 
227, 246, 261, 279, 298, 329, 342, 
343. 

Magistrates, 115, 323. 
Magner (Magnor), John, 20, 40, 68. 
Maine district, 171. 
Market, cellar nnder, 72. 
clerk of, 42, 43. 

choice of, 13, 30, 36. 
salary of, 25, 46. 
forestalling of, 332, 338. 
hay, income from, 200. 
inspectors of, 338, 340. 
license to sell in, 338. 
regulations of, 37, 38, 42, 43. 
rent for stalls in, 42, 152, 286. 
stands in, to sell at auction, 35. 
square, no more fish stalls in, 5:6. 
stalls in, 42, 84. 

rent for, 200. 



INDEX. 



369 



Marshall, Christopher, 99, 106, 128, 129, 

150, 152. 

Josiah, 333, 340, 350. 
Marston, James B., 340. 
Maryland, 324. 
Mason, Jonathan, 20, 22, 68, 87, 146, 165, 

182, 197, 212, 213, 222, 237, 240. 
Massachusetts district, 171. 

embargo act enforced, 

240, 241, 242, 243, 244. 
Mattoon, Eben, 172. ' 
Mav, Enoch, 10, 31, 63, 82, 99. 

John, 9, 13, 16, 30, <iO, 80, 97, 118, 138, 
140, 141, 147, 160, 161, 175, 191, 207, 
226, 246, 260, 266, 279, 285, 297, 312, 
326. 

Joseph, 2, 5, 9, 22, 30, 40, 52, 59, 60, 
64, 73, 8(1, 97, 118, 141, 161, 176, 178, 
191, 208, 227, 246, 261, 280. 
Samuel, 333. 
McCleary, S. F.,355. 
McKean, Joseph, 252. 
Mead, Israel, 248, 263, 281, 300, 331. 

Joseph, 9. 

Meeting-houses, Mr. Murray's, 174. 
Old brick, 28. 
Old South Church, 1, 50, 
75, 94, 110, 132, 139, 155, 
156, 157, 170, 190, 204, 
221. 236, 296, 345. 

Melvill (Melville), Thomas, 8, 24, 30, 60, 
80, 97, 118, 141, 161, 176, 191, 208, 227, 
246, 261, 280, 298, 329. 
Memorial to Legislature, 244. 
to the President, 238. 
from William Smith, 311. 
Memorialists, 241, 242. 
Merchants row, 202. 

Messenger (Messinger), Daniel, 22, 116, 
117, 123, 137, 141, 161, 176, 
191, 208, 227, 246, 252, 261, 
266, 280, 285, 298, 312. 329, 
334, 341. 
Henry, 333. 
Middlecot street, 90. 
Middlesex canal, 348. 

district, 172. 
Military fines, 304. 
Militia, assembly of, 324. 
Mill creek, 224. 

fish stall on, to erect, 101, 105. 
dam, petition to build, 340. 
improvements, 340. 
pond, 35, 36, 37, 220, 223, 226. 
filling up, 159, 164, 169, 215, 216, 

217, 224, 271, 286. 
stones, 349. 
Miller, Charles, 14. 
Mills, erection of, on dam, 349. 
Minns, Thomas, 68. 

Minot, George R., 2, 9, 14, 15, 18, 41, 51, 76, 
78, 100, 104, 105, 106, 110, 113, 
149. 

William, 281. 
Mitchell, Rev., 284. 
Mobs, 321, 322, 324. 

Moderator, choice of, 1, 2, 6, 7, 22, 27, 28, 

29, 40, 49, 51, 59, 70, 75, 76, 78, 79, 87, 89, 

93, 94, 96, 104, 110, 111, 116, 117, 127, 132, 

133, 134, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 147, 153, 

155, 156, 158, 159, 160, 165, 167, 170, 173, 

175, 181, 183, 189, 190, 198, 204, 205, 207, 

214, 221, 222, 225, 226, 233, 236, 237, 240, 

246, 252, 255, 256, 259, 260, 266, 270, 276, 

278, 279, 282, 286, 296, 297, 312, 315, 320, 

321, 329, 335, 337, 340, 345, 347. 

Moneys, 10, 11, 32, 33, 42, 45. 62, 65, 81, 90, 

98, 121, 144, 168, 186, 193, 198, 210, 

216, 218, 249. 

allowed by government for artil- 
lery, 53. 
borrowed, 66, 72, 93, 108, 111, 112, 

130, 132, 186, 218, 234. 
counterfeit bills, 106, 151. 



Moneys for almshouse, new, 46, 48, 49, 

65, 130, 149. 
for Board of Health, 72, 93, 108. 

130, 132. 

hospital, for building, 163. 
in Union Bank, 2. 
paid Brown, S., 106, 149. 
paid to Clouston, Louis, 4. 
paid Hunt, Samuel, 188, 202. 
paid for interest, 129, 149. 
paid Seaver, Ebenezer, 199. 
paid to Thwing, James, 4. 
paid bv town treasurer, 149. 
received to support State poor, 

149. 
to defray expense of filling up 

the dock, 56. 
Morse, E., 126. 
Morton, Perez, 13, 21, 24, 39. 
Moss, Uriah, 27. 
Mourning, mark of, for death of George 

Washington, 78. 
Murray, John, 126, 127, 174. 

National Government, 317. 
Navy, Continental, 85. 
secretary of, 80. 
Neck, the. (See Boston Neck.) 
Negroes, 72, 73. 
Nefl, Thomas, 13. 
Nelson, Jeremiah, 328. 
New Castle, 173. 
Newell, Timothy, 173. 
New England Insurance office, 304. 
Newport, 355. 
New Salem, 172. 

Newspapers, advertisements in, 22, 23, 24, 
43, 44, 52, 53, 56, 57, 65, 216, 
220. 

Centinel, 5. 
Chronicle, 5. 
report of selectmen, printed 

in, 101. 

printing by-laws in, 339. 
resolutions against embar- 
go printed in, 245. 
resolutions on death of 
George Washington, 
printed in, 78. 
vote of thanks published in, 

113. 

Nichols, Perkins, 226, 229. 
Nickerson, Capt., 39. 
Night carts, 2t-2. 
Noddles Island, 85. 
Norfolk County, 54, 136, 153. 
district, 172, 173. 
Virginia, 222, 223. 
Norton, 172. 

Samuel, 102. 
Notes, 47, 92, 201, 273. 287. 

from treasurer, 10, 32, 62, 81, 82, 98, 

107. 
payable, 106, 130, 150, 201, 218, 234, 

287, 305. 
receivable, 107, 129, 150, 201,218,234, 

287, 305. 
town treasurer to issue, 121, 124, 

131. 
Noyes, Joseph, 250. 

Nathaniel, 24, 140, 310. 
William, 284. 

Oakum, 114. 

Oath of office, 8, 9, 29, 59, 79, 96, 118, 140, 

160, 175, 190, 207, 226, 230, 246, 260, 279, 

297, 329, 344. 
Odin, John, 326. 
Oil, 25, 46, 53, 130, 202, 219, 234. 
Old brick meeting-house, 28. 
Old South Church, 1, 50, 75, 94, 110, 132, 

139, 165, 156, 157, 170, 190, 204, 221, 236, 

255,294, 321,345. 



370 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



Old State House, disposal of, 34, 51, 54, 78, 

136, 153. 

partition of, 95. 
rent, '200, 271, 286. 
to be leased, conditions 

of lease, 154. 
town's claim to, 117. 
Oliver, Andrew, 22. 

Ebenezer, 44, 45, 7, 87, 91, 96, 117, 
118, 141, 160, 175, 191, 207, 227, 246, 
260, 279, 297, 328, 329, 337. 
Francis J., 298, 326, 329, 330. 
Thomas, 13. 
Oliver's dock, to cleanse, 56. 

to Jill up, 56, 64. 
Orange street, 165, 178. 
Oration, on anniversary of Independence, 
1, 28, 50, 75, 94, 110, 133, 155, 170, 
190, 204, 221, 236, 255, 296, 320, 
345. 

cnoice of orator, 1, 28, 50, 75, 94, 
110, 132, 155, 170, 190, 204, 221, 
236,255,296,321,345. 
copy of, to be furnished the press, 
1, 28, 50, 75,111, 133, 155, 171, 190, 
204, 221, 236, 255, 296, 321, 345. 
to be delivered at old brick meet- 
ing-house, 28. 
Old South 
Church, 1, 50, 
75, 94, 110, 
132, 155, 170, 
190, 204, 221. 
236, 255, 294, 
321, 345. 

Orcutt, Samuel, 333. 
Osborn, John, 13. 

Otis, Harrison Gray, 7, 39, 51, 76, 102, 119, 
127, 147, 148, 158, 165, 166, 180, 196, 211, 
212, 222, 231, 250, 265, 276, 277, 2t-3, 301, 
316, 325, 328, 333, 334. 
Overseers of the poor. (See Poor.) 
Owen, Benjamin, 330. 
Oysters, to prevent sale of, in summer, 
35, 36, 37. 

Page, Benjamin, 11, 30, 64, 82, 100, 120, 143. 

Thomas, 233, 280, 298, 329. 
Pain (Paine), Aaron, 301. 

Charles, 30, 110, 143, 147. 
Robert T., 70. 
William, 206. 
Palmer, George, 340. 
Parker, Isaac, 172. 
J., 250. 

Jedidiah, 93, 99, 135. 
John, 68, 232, 252, 266, 285, 312. 
Rev. Dr., 40. 
Parkman, John, 355. 

Samuel, 8, 30, 40, 51, 60, 69, 80, 

89, 97, 103, 111, 117, 118, 127, 

140,141, 147,161, 176, 183, 191, 

194, 197, 208, 213, 259, 325, 355. 

William, 11, 36. 

Parsons, Gorham, 118, 119, 123. 
Gorman, 80, 98. 
Nehemiah, 292, 293, 298, 310. 
Theophilus, 146, 182. 
William, 22, 83, 84, 85, 183, 218, 

257, 268, 325. 

Partridge, Elizabeth, 107, 130, 150, 201, 287. 
Patrole, voluntary, choice of, 116. 
Pearce, William, 328. 
Pease, Timothy, 11, 36, 63. 
Penniman, Asa, 38. 
Perkins, 344. 

Col., 240. 

James, 51,237, 316, 325. 
Samuel L., 13. 

Thomas, 8, 29, 59. 79, 98, 118, 141, 
160, 197, 208, 213, 227, 246, 261, 
279, 298, 329. 

Thomas H., 9, 22, 30, 60, 80, 97, 
118, 119, 141, 161, 175, 176, 181, 



Perkins, Thomas H., 183, 191, 197, 208, 
212, 213, 222, 227, 240, 243, 246, 251, 261, 
284, 333. 

Peter, Black, 39. 
Peters, John, 39. 

Petition for auctions, out-door, 24, 72. 
bridge, new, 138. 
street, new, 6, 104, 106. 
a town meeting, 181. 
Old State tiouse, for partition, 95. 
of assessors, 178, 179. 
board of health, 133. 
Brazer, John, 135. 
Clouston, Louis, 4. 
Cooper, Samuel, 2. 
Davis, Amasa, 62. 

Isaac P., 148, 310, 347. 
Ellis, Jonathan, 135. 
fisherman, 34, 37,44. 
Trench, Abraham, 24, 26. 
Fuller, Asa, 13, 15. 
Greenough, David, 351. 
Hill, Henry, 14, 16, 17. 
Howe, Edward, 106, 108. 
Hunt, Samuel, 24, 27, 178, 179, 

184, 187. 

Ivers, James, 215. 
Jaqulsh, Aaron, 24, 26. 
Knapp, Josiah, 71, 178. 
Kuhn, John, 84. 
Lovet, James, 3. 
Nichols, Perkins, 226, 229. 
number of black persons, 35, 

91. 

inhabitants, 6,27, 
72, 76, 104, ill, 
137, 144,276,277, 
332, 351. 
of South Bos- 
ton, 174, 295. 
Patten, Nathaniel, 84. 
Phillips, William, 163. 
physicians, 133. 
Powell. William, 51,56. 
Pratt, James, 101, 105. 
purchasers of land on the 

Neck, 183, 184. 
Stutson, Amasa, 216. 
Sullivan, John L., 90. 
Tate, James, 4, 5. 
Thayer, Seth, 216. 
Thwing, James, 4. 
truckmen, 53. 

Tuckerman, Edward, 139, 148. 
Tudor, William, j 
Otis, Harrison G., [ 165. 
Mason, Jonathan, ) 
Wendall, Judge, 72, 73. 
Wilds, Major, 72. 
wood wharfingers, 143, 144. 
to annex Dorchester, 157. 
General Court, 240. 
Legislature, 241, 242, 243. 
President of United States, 

238. 

Phillips, James, 162, 177, 192, 209, 227, 229, 
248, 261, 263, 280, 281, 298, 300, 
o.-)Q 3 ai 

John', 88, 98, 100, 103, 108, 120, 
131, 141, 142, 147, 152, 154, 161, 
162, 165, 167, 169, 173, 176, 181, 
183, 187, 191, 192, 196, 203, 208, 
209, 212, 228, 231, 237, 246, 247, 
250, 257, 260, 261, 263, 264, 265, 
268, 272, 280, 283, 299, 301, 312, 
315, 326, 329, 332, 333, 335, 342. 

Jonathan, 279, 298, 329. 

Mr., 48. 

Samuel, 20, 39, 68,86, 102. 

William, 8. 29, 59, 80, 98, 118, 
141, 159, 160, 163, 175, 182, 191, 
197, 198, 208, 213, 214, 227, 232, 
233, 246, 252, 261, 266, 279, 283, 
284, 285, 298, 301, 329, 333. 



INDEX. 



371 



Physician of goal, 307. 

Physicians, petition of, 133. 

Pierce, Joseph. 312, 335. 

Pleasant street, 53, 121. 

Plymouth district, 172. 
street, 91. 

Police, 43, 72,112, 273. 

appropriation for 1806, -202. 
1807, 219. 

Pollard, Benjamin, 320. 

Pond street, 90, 22!). 

Pook, Charles, 228, 248, 262, 2S1, 299, 330. 

Poor, overseers of the, 33, 48, 64,101,113, 

115, 161, 168, 189. 

accounts of, to 

audit, 11, 32, 63, 

83, 100, 121, 143, 

150,163, 178,193, 

198, 210, 218, 234, 

248, 2.53, 263, 282, 

300,312,331. 

appropriation for 

1804, 168. 

1805, 186. 

1806, 202. 

1807, 219. 

1808, 235. 

1810, 274. 

1811, 294. 

1812, 313. 

1813, 336. 
choice of, 'a, 29, 

59, 79, 98, 104, 
118,141,160,175, 
191,208 227,246, 
279, 329.- 

drafts of, 25, 47, 
91, 106, 128, 130, 
143,151,186,218, 
219,270,305,312, 
336. 
exempt from 

jury, 236. 

Popkins, John, 125. 

Porter, William, 44, 59, 79, 91, 96, 117, 118, 
141, 160, 175, 191, 207, 2.J7, 246, 
260, 266, 279, 285, 297, 312, 335. 
Portland, 172. 
Portsmouth, 222, 233. 
Portrait of Washington, 355. 
Powder, 25, 27, 46, 70, 91, 106, 129, 150, 201 

O IQ 

Powell', William, 51, 56, 58, 64. 
Pratt, James, 101. 105. 
Prescott, Samuel J., 285, 312, 335. 

William, 261, 280, 284, 285, 299, 

301, 326. 

President of United States, petition to, 238. 
proclamation 
of, 222, 241. 
Price, Ezekiel, 8, 9, 15, 107, 130, 150, 307. 

Mr., 32. 
Prince, J., 164. 

James, 72, 73, 100, 102, 103, 111, 112, 
137, 140, 153, 156, 159, 205, 212, 215, 
216, 217, 276, 282. 
John, 212. 
Samuel, 116. 
Printing abstract of conditions of sale of 

land on the Neck, 184. 
appropriation for, 25, 46, 202, 219, 

235, 274. 

article relative to speedy col- 
lection of taxes, 77. 
by-laws in newspapers, 389. 

for regulation of trucks, 

74. 

handbills, 221. 
laws, new edition of, 110. 
names of committees, 52. 
oration commemorative of the 
anniversary of Independence, 
1, 28, 50, 75, 111, 133, 155, 171, 
190, 204, 221, 236. 



Printing proposal for enlarging Faneui 

Hall, 184. 

regulations of the market, 43. 
of report, 36, 53, 156, 174, 216, 

223. 

report, relative to flres, va- 
grants, 113, 115. 
report of selectmen, 101. 
resolutions against embargo, 

245. 
resolutions on death of George 

Washington, 78. 
revised list of voters, 117. 
schedule of town expenses, 70, 

109, 131. 
tax bills, 122. 

town treasurer's account, 216. 
Prison, State, 353. 
Proclamation of President of United 

States, 222, 241. 

Procter (Proctor), Edward, 8, 24, 29, 49, 
59, 79, 98, 117, 118, 126, 
140, 141, JHO, 175, 178, 
191, 196, 208, 212, 227, 
231, 233, 246, 250,261, 
265, 279, 284. 
S., 251. 

Providence, 319. 
Public affairs, 316. 
order, 324. 
institutions, borrowing money 

from, 354. 

Purkett (Purkit, Purkitt), Capt. Henry, 
11, 36, 63, 85, 100, 120, 143, 162, 177, 193, 
210, 228, 247, 262, 281, 299, 324, 330. 
Putnam, Jesse, 284. 

Quincy, John W., 125. 

Josiab, 41, 45, 50, 51, 70, 78, 81, 87, 
95, 97, 103, 119, 141, 161, 165, 173, 
176, 194, 305, 239, 278, 333. 

Rainsford, Dea., 340. 

Banger, Edmund, 11, 64, 82, 100. 

Edward, 31. 
Raynham, 172, 
Records, town, 215. 

Register of deeds, choice of, 96, 192, 281. 
Regulations of the market, 37, 38, 42, 43. 
Rents, 42, 46, 43, 106, 129, 134, 149, 184, 219, 

304, 307, 313, 336. 
Deer Island, 200. 
Faneuil Hall, 286. 
Haymarket, 200. 
Market square, 200. 
Old State House, 200, 286. 
Salt Marsh, 200. 

stalls in Market square, 200, 286. 
Reports, 16, 17, 18. 

of committees, 16, 36, 37, 41, 44, 45, 

47, 48, 52, 53, ft*, 55, 56, 58, 64, 65, 

70, 73, 77, 85, 88, 92, 106, 108, 109, 

112, 114, 122, 125, 128, 131, 144, 

148, 151, 154, 156, 158, 163, 168, 174, 

179, 184, 186, 188, 194, 215, 216, 222, 

223, 255, 253, 259, 267, 268, 269, 272, 

274, 277, 278, 286, 294, 302, 303, 304, 

305, 306, 307, 303, 309, 310, 312, 316, 

320, 335, 339, 342, 344, 34H, 347, 351. 

Representatives, 78, 103, 104, 105, 115, 116, 

123,137,138,139,174, 189, 

240, 252, 266, 284, 287, 316. 

application of, 339. 

choice of, 6. 7, 21, 22, 23, 

40,51,69,89,103, 127, 135, 

147,166,173,182.197,205, 

213,232,239, 251, 278, 285, 

311,327,334. 

number of, increased, 

181. 

Reservoir, 41, 45. 

Resolution on Baltimore riots, 321, 324. 
Resolutions against embargo act, 240, 241, 
242, 243, 244, 245. 



372 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



Resolutions of Committee on Corre- 
spondence, 222. 
on Daniel Sargent, 316. 
of Legislature, 54. 
on threatened war with 

England, 316, 318. 
Revere, Col., 24, 34, 78. 

Paul, 2, 44. 
Rhoades (Rhodes), Jacob, 117, 138, 140, 

233. 

Rice, Benjamin, 215, 228. 
John, 12, 247, 262. 
Thomas, 172. 
Rich, Benjamin, 280, 298, 329. 

David, 210. 

Richards, Joseph, 246, 261, 279, 298, 329. 
Richardson, Jeffry, 12, 33, 62, 83, 99, 120, 

142. 

Richmond, 172. 
Ricker, Martin, 13. 
Riots, .method of suppressing, 324. 
Ritchie, Andrew, 236. 
Rivers, Charles, 224. 
Road, petition to build turnpike, 340. 

on Dam, 348, 349. 
Robbins (Robins), Edward H., 38, 86, 102, 

124, 165, 180, 196,211. 
Edward J., 262, 281, 299, 330. 
James, 11,31,82,100, 120. 
Robinson, Edward Hutchinson, 145. 

James, 232, 252, 266, 280, 285, 

312, 334. 

Rogers, D. D., 126. 

Rogues, act for suppressing and punish- 
ing, 352. 
Ropewalks, 3, 14, 15, 84, 148, 153, 193, 194. 

to rebuild, conditions of, 194. 
Rosseter, David, 172. 
Roulstone, John, 231. 
Rowe, John, 90, 206. 
Roxbury, 55, 84, 173, 348. 

Canal, 148, 256, 267. 

petition to build turnpike to, 

340, 345, 347. 
Ruggles, Samuel, 10. 
Rumley, Edward, 12, 33, 63, 84, 100. 
Rumney, Edward, 120, 143, 163, 177, 193. 
Russell, Benjamin, 40, 68, 117, 119,167, 183, 
197, 212, 214, 232, 252, 266, 285, 
311, 326, 332, 334, 339. 
Joseph, 4, 8, 11, 13, 21, 24, 25, 30, 
32, 40, 41, 47, 60, 63, 69, 71, 78, 80, 
82, 83, 87, 88, 89, 92, 94, 100, 103, 
104, 105, 107, 117, 119, 121, 126, 127, 
130, 136, 137, 138, 140, 143, 145, 147, 
148, 150, 152, 153, 154, 159, 160, 163, 
164, 165, 167, 168, 169, 170, 178, 184, 
186, 193, 205,206,207, 210,214, 215, 
220, 225, 226, 230, 235, 237, 246, 248, 
252, 254, 255, 257, 259, 263, 272, 274. 
Sarah, 90. 
Thomas, 90. 



Salaries or allowances, assessors, 25, 26, 
46, 48, 71, 73, !, 
107, 132, 170, 179, 
187, 203, 220,235, 
275, S15, 337. 

clerks of the 
market, 42. 

Clouston, Louis, 

4. 

collector of taxes, 
10,32,61,81, 98, 
132, 275, 315, 
337, 346. 

court, municipal, 
judge of, 88, 
220,235,274,295, 
315, 337. 

flrewards, 179. 

Hammatt, Ben- 
jamin, 67. 



Salaries or allowances, Hunt, Samuel, 

188. 

Tate, James, 5. 
Thwing, James, 

schoolma s t e r s, 

25, 46. 
school ushers, 

25, 46. 

town clerk, 25, 
26,47,71,92,107. 
130,152,168,187, 
220,235,275,295, 
315,337. 

town advocate, 
88, 108, 131, 152, 
169, 187, 203, 
275, 295. 

town treasurer, 
25, 26,47, 71, 92, 
107,132,170,187, 
295,315,337,346. 
town treasurer's 
clerk, 275, 313. 
town treasurer 
and collector, 
203, 221), 235, 275, 
315, 346. 
Salem, 171, 172. 
Salt Marsh, income from, 200. 

works on Deer Island, 136. 
Sargeant (Sargent), Daniel, 22, 182, 197, 
213, 232, 237, 244, 
251, 252, 256, 257, 
266, 283, 316, 324, 
325, 334. 

Henry, 287, 312, 324. 
Ignatius, 208, 227, 
232, 246, 261, 280, 
298. 

Savage, James, 285, 296, 312, 335. 
Scavengers, 57. 
Scarlet's wharf, 131. 
School for African children, 315, 337. 
new, to establish, 91, 144. 
ushers, appropriation for, 25, 46, 

219, 234. 

writing in West Boston, 144. 
committee, 15, 80, 91, 144, 188, 194, 

261, 286, 332, 337. 
carry new system of 
education into oper- 
ation, 9, 10, 31, 61, 81, 
97, 119, 142, 161, 176, 
192, 209, 228, 247, 261, 
280, 299, 330. 
choice of, 9, 23, 31, 60, 
81, 85, 97, 119, 125, 141, 
161, 176, 191, 208,216, 
227, 229, 247, 261, 280, 
299 330 

dutie's of, 9, 10, 31, 61, 
81, 97, 119, 142, 161, 
176, 192, 209, 228, 247, 
261, 280, 299, 330. 
relative to Samuel 
Hunt's petition, 24, 
27. 

report of, 144. 
house, grant of land back of, 255. 

to build new, 144. 
masters, 184, 202, 203, 261, 273, 280, 

299, 330. 
appropriation for, 25, 46. 

1806, 202. 

1807, 219. 

1808, 234. 
1810, 273. 

retired, pension for, 188. 
Schools, appropriation for, 25, 46, 202, 219, 

234. 
grammar, 184. 

in West Boston, 144. 
Latin grammar, 24, 314, 315. 



INDEX. 



373 



Schools, removal of Centre, 314. 
repairs to, 273. 
writing, 203, 314. 
Scollay, William, 9, 30, 60, 80, 97, 118, 141, 

161, 176,191,208. 
Sconce, South Battery, 131. 
Scott, James, 310. 
Scribner's Monthly, 355. 
Sea coast, protection of, 318. 
Sealers of leather. (See Leather.) 
Sears, David, 325. 

Seaver (Sever), Ebenezcr^S, 29, 32, 33, 40, 
59, 61, 80, 81, 96, 99, 123, 
135, 142,151,161,176,192, 
199, 209, 228, 247, 262, 280. 
William, 112. 
Sea wall, 194. 

Sedgwick, Theodore, 211, 250, 264. 283, 301. 
Selectmen, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15,16, 
17, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 
31, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 40, 41, 42, 
43, 44, 45, 47, 50, 52, 53, 55, 56, 
60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 67, 69, 71, 72, 
73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 80, 81, 84, 
86, 89, 90, 94, 97, 98. 101, 102, 
103, 104, 105, 107, 108, 110, 111, 
113, 115, 116, 117, 119, 121, 122, 
124, 127, 128, 130, 131, 132, 135, 
136, 137, 139, 141, 142, 144, 145, 
146, 149, 150, 153, 156, 157, 161, 
163, 164, 166, 168, 169, 174, 176, 
178, 179, 182, 183, 184, 185, 189, 
191, 194, 195, 199, 205, 206, 208, 
227, 229, 232, 238, 247, 249, 250, 
251, 252, 255, 256, 257, 258, 260, 
201, 264, 268, 271, 276, 277, 278, 
279, 280, 282, 283, 284, 286, 287, 
294, 295, 296, 297, 299, 304, 311, 
313, 315, 320, 321, 326, 328, 329, 
332, 338, 340, 341, 342, 345, 346, 
351. 
accounts of, to audit, 11, 32, 63, 

83, 100, 121, 143, 163, 178. 
appropriation for 1804, 168. 
1805, 186. 

1811, 294. 

1812, 313. 

1813, 336. 

agents to defend town , 206, 215. 
choice of, 8, 15, 23, 29, 44, 45, 59, 

73, 79, 96, 118, 141, 147, 160, 175, 

191, 194, 207, 220, 229, 246, 260, 

279, 297, 326, 329. 
convey land for new street, 

178. 
drafts of the, 47, 91, 106, 128, 

130, 149, 151, 186, 218, 219, 273. 
empowered to exchange town 

land on mill pond, 255. 
exempt from jury, 236. 
give deeds of town's land on 

Fort Hill, 185. 
to give licenses, 295. 
messengers, appropriation for 

1806, 202. 

1807, 219. 

1808, 234. 
notes, 201. 

oath of, 211, 230, 250. 

present petition to legislature, 

243. 
to make out list of all qualified 

to vote, 23. 
to regulate jury boxes, 205, 

oos 

Selfridge, Thomas O. , 211, 327. 

Senate, 240, 241,341. 

Senators, choice of, 19, 20, 23, 39, 68, 102, 

124, 145, 165, 180, 196, 212, 231, 250, 264, 

283, 301, 333. 
Serreson, P. A., 39. 
Sewers, 224, 326. 
Shaw, Lemuel, 285, 31-2, 335. 
R. G., 287. ' 



Shaw, S., 140. 

William, 9. 

Shephard, William, 172. 
Sherburne, Thomas, 11. 

William, 44, 52, 59, 72, 73, 79, 

91, 96, 117, 118, 141. 
Ships, Chesapeake, 222. 

Leopard, 222. 
Sign boards, 24, 26. 

Sigorney (Sigourney), Andrew, 310, 312, 
326, 335, 343, 344, 
351. 

Daniel, 30. 
Elisha, 5, 104, 266. 
John R., 10,32,59, 

81, 99. 

Simpson, Benjamin, 33. 
Singleton, George, 11, 36, 63. 

John, 262. 
Skinner, 310. 

Slaughter-house on the Neck, 16. 
Sluiceways, 349. 
Small-pox, inoculation for, 133. 
Smink, Peter, 22. 
Smith, Abiel, 15, 147, 165, 166, 167. 

Benjamin, 126, 140, 191, 208, 227, 

246,261,280,298,329. 
John, 228, 248, 253, 262, 281, 299, 

330. 

Jonathan, 172. 
Joseph, 117. 
Samuel, 281, 299,344. 
William, 8, 9, 21, 29, 31, 35, 40, 51, 52, 
53, 59, 61, 69, 79, 81, 87, 89, 97,98, 
103, 117, 118, 119, 141, 146, 147, 160, 
161, 166,175, 176, 182, 189, 191, 192, 
197, 202, 203, 208, 209, 213, 219, 220, 
227, 232, 235, 246, 247, 252, 254, 260, 
261, 266, 275, 279, 280, 285, 295, 298, 
299, 300, 305, 310, 311, 313, 314, 315, 
329, 330, 331, 334, 344, 351. 
Snelling, Josiah, 117, 125, 126, 138, 140, 149, 
162, 177, 192, 209, 229, 248, 248. 
263, 282, 292, 293, 298, 300, 310, 
331. 

Samuel, 117, 118, 140, 141, 160, 175, 
191, 208, 227, 246, 261, 279, 298, 
329. 

Somes, John, 13. 
South Battery, 206. 

Sconce, 131. 
Boston, 174. 

Boston bridge, 199, 256, 267. 
street, 158, 174. 

Spear, Gershom, 228, 248, 262, 281, 299, 330. 
Spooner, William, 9, 2-2, 31, 40, 61, 80, 166, 

182, 196, 212, 231, 250, 265, 333. 
Sprague, Samuel, 300, 331. 
Star chamber, 245. 
State House, 6, 21 , 40, 52, 69, 89, 103, 104, 127, 

146, 166, 182, 197, 213, 232. 
Old, disposal of, 34, 51, 78, 

136, 153. 
rent, 200. 
to be leased, conditions 

of lease, 154, 249. 
town's claim to, 117. 
Prison, 114. 
street, 6. 
tax, 168, 186, 199, 200, 201, 203, 218, 

234, 273. 
treasurer, 10, 32, 62, 82, 98, 151, 186, 

305. 

treasury, 53. 
Stationery, appropriation for, 46, 307. 

1806, 202. 

1807, 219. 

1808, 235. 

1810, 274. 

1811, 307. 
Staves and hoops, cullers of, choice of, 11, 

63, 85, 100, 120, 143, 162, 177, 193, 210, 228, 
247, 253, '262, 281, 299, 330. 
Stearns, Josiah, 172. 



374 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



Stetson, Thomas, 68. 

Stevenson, Thomas, 10, 31, 63, 82, 99, 121, 

250. 

Stillman, Samuel, 9, 31, 60, 69, 80, 145. 
Stockbridge, 173. 
Stodder, Joseph, 210, 228, 247, 262, 281, 299, 

330. 

Storer, Ebenezer, 134, 1.50, 152. 
Storey, Joseph, 301. 
Streets, abutters on. (See Abutters.) 
appropriation for, 1806, 202. 
1807, 219. 
1808, 234. 
1810, 274. 
Ann, 2, 3, 13, 205. 
along Canal, 350. 
appropriation for paying, 25, 46. 
Arch, 90. 
Batlerymarch, 203. 

suit to recover 

land in, 206. 
Beach, 71. 
Brookline, 340. 
Beacon, 348. 
Cambridge, 129. 
Centre, 1U5. 
Common, 104. 
Concord, 348. 
Dedham, 348. 

Derne, laud fronting on, 315. 
Exchange lane, 287. 
Pish, 132. 
Fore, 287. 
Franklin, 15. 
Front, 178, 256, 267, 350. 
Hampshire, 348. 
Hutchinsou, to widen, 3. 
Kitby, 159, 163. 
land taken for new, 178. 
leading to South Boston bridge, 

289. 

Leverett, wharf at end of, 282. 
Merchants Row, 202. 
Middlecot, 90. 
Middlesex, 348. 
new, laid out, 90, 224, 255, 349. 
Northampton, 348. 
on either side of Canal, 350. 
Orange, 165, 178, 348, 350. 

disposal of land between, 
and So. Boston Bridge, 
293. 

petition for new, 6, 104, 106. 
Pleasant, 53, 121. 
Plymouth, 91. 
Pond, 90, 229. 
School, application for grant 

on, to build court-house, 255. 
School, School-house in, 315. 
sign posts at corner of, 24, 26. 
Snow Hill, title to, 257. 
South, 158, 174. 
South Bridge, 348. 
State, 6. 
Suffolk, 348. 
Summer, 90. 
Vincents alley, 6. 
Washington, 185, 348,349,350. 

sluiceway across, 349. 
Water, 159,163,206. 
to widen, 105, 203. 
widening, allowance for, 76. 
Worcester, 348. 
Strong, Caleb, 86, 102. 124, 145, 164, 180, 196, 

211, 231, 301, 333, 342. 
Stuart, Gilbert, 194, 355. 

Jane, 355. 
Sturbridge, 173. 

Sturgis, Russell, 8, 21, 29, 30, 33, 39, 40, 52, 
59, 60, 70, 79, 80, 91, 96, 97, 103, 
104, 105, 117, 118, 119, 123, 127, 
136, 141, 147, 167, 181, 196, 201, 
212, 231, 233, 250, 265, 283, 301, 
333. 



Sturgis, Samwel, 117, 140. 
Stutson, Amasa, 205, -Jlt>. 
John, 64. 
Major, 179. 
Thomas, )43. 

Suffolk County, 20, 39, 54, 57, 68, 69, 87, 

102, 107, 124, 125, 136, 

145, 146, 153, 1(55, 168, 

174, 180, 196, 199, 211, 

219, 231, 250, 265, 270, 

273, 283, 284, 301, 307, 

325, 334, 339. 

register of deeds, choice 

of, 96, 192. 

Sheriff of, 136,205,239. 
treasurer, choice of, 9, 
32, 61, 80, 96, 123, 142, 
161, 176, 192, 209, 228, 
247, 298. 

district of, 135, 171, 172, 205, 239. 
Suit, against Town, 282. 
Sullivan, George, 301, 324. 

James, 14, 18, 19, 20, 38, 39, 76, 77, 
112, 159, 164, 167, 169, 172, 180, 
196, 211, 212, 231. 
John L., 90. 

Judge, 72, 73. 119, 155, 163. 
Richard, 301, 33S, 335. 
Thomas, 32, 62, 83. 
William, 155, 166, 182, 191, 197, 
208, 213, 227, 240, 246, 251, 252, 
261, 265, 266, 280, 284, 285, 298, 
301, 324, 325, 327, 329, K33, 334, 
350. 

Summer street, 90. 
Sumner, Benjamin, 125, 126, 143, 152, 161, 

176, 187, 189. 
Charles P., 211, 301. 
Col., 32 L. 

Increase, 19, 20, 38, 68. 
Samuel, 117, 140. 
S. W.,126. 
Thomas W., 183, 197, 214, 232, 

252, 266, 285, 340. 
William H., 232, 252, 266, 285, 

312, 316, 327, 334. 
Sureties, bonds to be given as, 10, 32, 62, 

82, 98. 

Surveyors of boards. (See Boards.) 
hemp. (See Hemp.) 
highways. (See High ways.) 
wheat. (See Wheat.) 
Sweet, Samuel, 140, 214, 227, 246. 
Sweetser, John, 8, 20, 22, 29, 39, 59, 79, 98. 
S \vett, Samuel, 261, 280. 
Swing bridge, 2, 3. 

Tate, James, 4, 5. 

Taxes, abatement of, 10, 32, 46, 70, 81, "1, 

98, 128, 135, 234, 255, 273. 
County, 168, 186, 199, 200, 201, 203, 

218, 234, 287. 
deduction for prompt payment, 

123. 
State, 168, 186, 199, 200, 201 , 203, 218, 

234. 

statement of, 61, 294. 
to defray expenses of town, 25,46, 
47, 71, 92, 107, 130, 152, 168, 187, 
203, 220, 235, 274, 312, 335. 
collectors of, accounts of, 25, 46. 
allowance to, 10, 32, 

61, 81, 98, 132, 295. 

choice of, 11, &5, 62, 

82. 99, 123, 260, 279, 

343. 

give bond, 10, 32, 62, 

81, 98, 124, 261. 
make returns once a 

year, 123. 
moneys due from, 46, 

70, 92. 

of, premiums, 10, 32, 46, 
62, 81, 98. 



INDEX. 



375 



Taxes, poll, 25, 47, 71, 92, 107, 130, 152, 168, 
187, 203, -2-20, 235, 265, 274, 294, 313, 
337. 

real estate, 25, 47, 71, 92, 107, 130, 
152, 168, 187, 203, 220, 235, 274, 294, 
303 310 31'^ 337 
Thacher (Thatcher)",' Peter, 208, 221, 231, 

256, 262. 
Peter <J., 326. 
Peter O., 330, 332, 

347. 

Rev. Dr., 19, 86, 297. 
Thayer, Ephraim, 252, 266, 285, 312, 334. 
Moses, 121,162. 
Richard, 262, 281, 299, 330. 
Samuel M., 266, 280, 285, 298, 312, 

329, 335, 341. 

Seth, 205, 216. 

Stephen, 212. 

Ziba, 228, 248. 

Thompson, 151. 

I., 106. 

James, 11, 25, 35, 46, 62, 70, 82, 

92, 106, 129, 150, 152. 
William, 2, 51. 
Thorndlke, Israel, 301, 316, 333. 

John P., 340. 
Thwing, James, 4. 
Ticknor, Elisha, 184, 328. 

Mr., 178. 
Tid, T., 126. 

Tidmarsh, Nathaniel, 11, 31, 64. 
Tilden, Bryant P., 227, 230, 246, 261, 279, 

280, 298, 329, 344, 346, 351. 
David, 8, 22, 29, 59, 79, 91, 93, 96, 
103, 104, 105, 116, 117, 118, 124, 
127, 139, 140, 141, 146, 147, 160, 
165, 167, 175, 181, 191, 196, 207, 
212, 226, 229, 231, 233, 250, 259, 
265, 270, 276, 278, 283, 301, 310, 
333. 
Joseph, 280, 292, 293, 298, 310, 312, 

314, 324, 329, 335. 
Tileston, John, 45, 60, 73, 79, 91, 96, 117, 

118,141, 160, 175, 191, 208, 212. 
Tisdale, James, 9, 30. 
Tombs, 277. 

in Granary burying-ground, 257. 
Topkins, Rev. Mr., 117. 
Town advocate, choice of, 88, 98, 120, 142, 
162, 176, 192, 208, 262, 
281. 

salary of, 108, 131, 152, 
169, 187, 203, 219, 257, 
295. 
book, statements of treasurer 

recorded in, 202,355. 
clerk, 5, 7, 8, 9, 24, 32, 47, 51, 61, 68, 
80, 87, 91, 96, 102, 116, 117, 
123, 125, 142, 176, 211, 228, 
230, 247, 250, 258, 259, 262, 
269, 273, 280, 310, 327, 331, 
338, 341, 346, 354. 
additional allowance to, 184, 

203. 

appropriation for, 1806, 202. 
1807,219. 
1808, 234. 
1810, 273. 
1812, 315. 

Choice of, 8, 29, 59, 79, 96, 118, 
140, 160, 175, 190, 207, 226, 
246, 259, 279, 297. 
salary, 25, 26, 46, 47, 71, 92, 
107, 130, 152, 168, 187, 220, 
235, 268, 275, 295, 315, 337. 
contract with Boston Mill Corpora- 
tion, 223, 224. 

debit and credit of the, 25, 46, 70, 
91, 92, 106, 128, 129, 130, 149, 150, 
168, 186, 198, 218, 219, 234, 272, 273, 
288, 335. 

dock, 13, 34,51, 71, 128, 131. 
to cleanse, 56. 



Town, division of, into wards, 189. 

expenses of current year, 25, 46, 71, 

92. 

tax to defray, 25, 46, 
47, 71, 92, 107, 130, 
152,168,187,203,220, 
235, 274, 294, 312, 
335. 

financial affairs, report of com- 
mittee, 122, 302. 
Indictment against, 282. 
lamps, 14, 52, 53, 130. 

appropriation for, 25, 46, 

202, 219, 234. 
to be lighted, 56. 
land. (See Land.) 

on Kilby street, to release, 

163. 

meetings, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 15, 16, 19, 
20, 23, 26, 27, 28, 30, 
33, 36, 37, 38, 39, 41, 
45. 49, 50, 51, 52, 55, 
58, 62, 65, 67, 68, 69, 
70, 72, 75, 76, 77, 78, 
79, 83, 85, 86, 87, 88, 
90, 91, 93, 94, 96, 98, 
101, 103, 104, 105, 109, 
110, 111,112, 113, 116, 
117, 118, 121, 123, 124, 
125, 126. 127, 131, 132, 
133. 134, 185, 136, 137, 
138, 139, 140, 142, 144, 
145, 146, 147, 149, 153, 
155, 166, 157, 158, 159, 
160, 163, 164, 165, 166, 
167, 169, 170, 171, 173, 
174, 175, 179, 180, 181, 
182, 183, 184, 187, 188, 
189, 190, 191, 194, 195, 
196, 198, 203, 204, 205, 
207, 208, 210, 213, 214, 
215, 217, 220, 221, 222, 
223, 225, 226, 229, 230, 
232', 233, 235, 236, 237, 
238, 239, 240, 245, 249, 
251, 252, 255, 256, 257, 
25S, 260, 264, 265, 266, 
275, 276, 278, 279, 283, 
284, 285, 296, 297, 300, 
302, 311, 312, 315, 320, 
321, 326, 327, 328, 329, 
332, 334, 335, 340, 344, 
347. 

moneys, to place on interest, 3. 
pension schoolmaster, 188. 
police, 43, 72, 112. 

appropriation for, 1806,202. 

1807, 219. 

1808, 234. 

1810,273. 

portrait of Washington presented 

to, 194. 
records, 215. 
relinquish all claim to Mill Pond, 

217. 

conditions of, 223, 224. 
remit fine, 84. 

security of, 112, 113, 115, 116, 137. 
suit against, agents to defend, 

206. 
sum necessary to defray expenses 

of, 25. 

to re move strangers from, 112,116. 

treasurer, 10, 24, 32, 62, 119, 131, 

253, 260, 272, 273, 286, 

287, 292, 308, 309, 339. 

accounts of, 25, 70, 106, 

128, 129, 130, 

14'.), 150, 151, 

152, 168, 186, 

198, 199, 200, 

201,218,234, 

264, 271, 294, 

304. 



376 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 115. 



Town treasurer, accounts of, to audit, 32, 
63, 70, 83, 100, 
121, 128, 134, 
143, 150, 163, 
178, 187, 193, 
210, 248, 263, 
272, 282, 294, 
300, 312, 331, 
339, 346, 351. 
authorized to borrow 
money for new alma- 
house, 66, 111, 112. 
authorized to borrow 
money for use of 
Board of Health, 72, 
93, 108, 132. 

authorized to borrow 
money t o enlarge 
Faneuil Hall, 185. 
authorized to borrow 
money t o pay for 
land and buildings 
taken, 132. 
bond from Aqueduct 

Corporation, 45. 
choice of, 8, 9, 29, 61, 
80, 97, 123, 260, 279, 
298, 310, 331 . 
chosen collector, duty 

of, 122. 

drafts of, 47, 179, 186. 
money due for sale of 
land on which alms- 
house stands, 65. 
money, on interest, 2. 
money paid S. Brown, 

106. 

money paid by town 

to Louis Clouston, 4. 

money paid by town 

to James Tate, 5. 
money paid by town 
to James Thwing, 4. 
salary, 25, 26, 46, 47, 71, 
92, 107, 132, ]70, 187, 
*75, 295, 315, 337, 343, 
346. 
to issue notes, 121, 124, 

131. 

to pay expenses of 
Board of Health, 
58. 

and county treasurer, 
office of, not united, 
122. 

and collector, appro- 
priation for, 1806, 202. 

1807, 219. 

1808, 234. 
1810, 273. 
1812, 346. 

and collector, choice 
of, 134, 143, 161, 176, 
189, 192, 209, 227, 246, 
279, 331. 

and collector, salary 
of, 203, 220, 235, 275, 
295, 315, 337, 346. 
watch, 24, 115. 

appropriation for, 25, 46, 

202, 219, 234, 273. 

Townsend, Alexander, 275, 285, 301, 312. 
Andrew, 27, 39, 41, 64, 82, 99. 
David, 9, 15, 22, 167, 181, 196, 

212, 233, 265, 284, 301. 
Moses, 328. 
Treasurer, State, 10, 32, 62, 82, 98, 151, 186. 

Town. (See Town.) 

Treasury, State, money allowed for artil- 
lery, 53. 
Town, 10, 32, 62, 82, 98, 153, 218, 

298,351. 

Treat, Samuel, 125, 143, 162, 177. 
Trench, John, 82. 



Troops, Artillery company, 53, 73. 

standing army, 245. 
Trott, George, 1*9, 152. 
Trucks, law regulating, 53, 74. 
Truman, John, 117, 140. 
Trustees, for land on neck, choice of, 105, 

167,183,198,216,233,252. 
town's land on the neck, 1 05, 108, 
148, 107, 
183, 184, 
206. 

money 
due to, 
294. 

in vest 
proceeds 
o f sale 
of, 185. 
Tucker, Joseph, 281, 299, 330. 

Nathaniel, 36. 
Tuckerman, Abraham, 10, 31, 64, 82, 99. 

Edward, 12, 33, 62, 83, 99, 120, 
138, 142, 148, 162, 177, 183, 
192, 197, 198, 209, 213, 214, 
2-29, 233, 248, 252, 263, 282, 
300, 331, 347. 
Isaac, 14. 
Tudor, 307. 

William, 39, 40, 52, 56, 70, 89, 102, 
105, 124, 128, 145, 148, 157, 165, 239, 
251, 255, 256, 265, 266. 
Tufts, Cotton, 172. 

Tukesbury (Tewksbury), Andrew, 106, 

128, 129, 150. 

William, 201, 

218, 234, 253. 

Turner, 173. 

Charles, 173. 
Elisha, 177, 193. 
Turnpike on Boston neck, 156. 
Tuttle, Daniel, 327. 
Turell, 340. 
Twist, Solomon, 121. 
Tythingmen, choice of, 15, 22, 23. 

Union bank, 2, 3, 92, 107, 112, 130, 150, 151, 

186, 201, 287, 306. 
United States, attack on, by British, 222. 

President of, 323. 
Uphain, Edward, 172. 
Uran, James, 247. 
Ushers, appropriation for, 25, 46, 219, 234. 

Volunteers, 245. 

Voters, list of, 19, 23, 139. 

to revise, 117. 
Votes for assessors, 93. 

elector of the President and 
Vice-President.7, 171, 172, 173, 
328. 

governor, lieutenant-governor, 
and senators, 19, 20, 38, 39, 68, 
86, 87, 102, 124, 145, 164, 180, 181, 
196, 211, 231, 250, 264, 283, 301, 
333. 

register of deeds, 96, 192, 281. 
representatives, 7, 21, 22, 40, 51, 
69, 89, 103, 127, 135, 147, 166, 173, 
182, 197, 205, 213, 233, 239, 251, 
265, 278, 285, 311, 327. 
selectmen, 73, 147, 229,260. 
town treasurer and collector, 

189, 209, 279. 

treasurer of Suffolk County, 61, 
80, 96, 123, 142, 161, 176, 192, 228, 
247, 262, 280, 310. 
Voting, qualifications for, 23, 24. 

Waldo, Benjamin, 107, 130,150. 
Walker, John, 328. 
Walley, S. H.,301. 

Thomas, 8, 12, 13, 14. 
Walsh, Thomas, 141. 
Walter, Lynde, 285, 312, 334, 340. 



INDEX. 



377 



Walter, Rev. Dr., 50. 

William, 1-26, 154, 252, 266. 
War, 241, 243, 316, 317, 318, 319, 321, 322, 

335. 

Ward, Artemas, 285, 325, 327. 
Warrants, 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 13, 14, 19, 21, 22, 23, 
24, 27, 28, 29, 34, 35, 38, 40, 41, 44, 49, 50, 
51, 52, 53, 55, 57, 58, 67, 69, 70, 71, 72 "73, 
' 75, 76, 78, 79, 84, 86, 87, 89, 90, 91, 94, 96, 
100, 102, 103, 104, 110, 111, 113; 116, 117, 
121, 124, 126, 127, 128, 132, 133, 134, 135, 
136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 145, 146, 147, 148, 
153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 163, 
164, 165, 166, 167, 170, 171, 173, 174, 175, 
178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 188, 189, 190, 
193, 195, 196, 198, 204, 205, 206, 207, 210, 
211,213, 214, 215, 221, 2->2, 225, 226, 230, 
232,233, 237. 239, 240, 245, 249, 250, 251, 
252, 256, 257, 258, 260, 263, 264, 266, 268, 
269, 276, 279, 282, 283, 284, 291, 296, 297, 
312, 315, 320, 321, 325, 326, 327, 329, 332, 
335, 340, 344, 347, 351. 
Warren, James, 172. 

John, 35, 36, 212, 222, 325. 
John O., 326,330. 
Joseph, 34, 178, 240. 
Washington, George, 78, 194, 355. 

George, death of, resolu- 
tions, 78. 
George, portrait of, given 

to town, 194, 355. 
street, 185. 

Watch. (See Constables.) 
house, 115. 
town, 24, 115. 
town, appropriation for, 25, 46, 

202, 219, 234. 
Watercourse, 206. 
Water street, 159, 163, 206. 
Waters, Col., 34, 35, 117. 

Josiah, 35. 
Watertown, 348. 
Wear, John, 39. 

Weatherley ( Wetherly), Joshua, 12, 33, 62. 
Webb, Nathan, 126, 229, 246, 252, 260, 261, 
266, 279, 280, 285, 297, 298, 312, 328, 
329, 334. 
Thomas, 250. 

Webster, Bedford, 8, 29, 59, 80, 93, 118,126, 
141, 160, 175, 183, 191, 197, 208, 213, 218, 
227, 246, 257, 261, 268, 279, 292, 293, 298, 
310, 329. 340, 351. 

Welch (Welsh), Thomas, 9, 31, 60, 81, 97, 
119, 161, 176, 191, 208, 212, 227, 247, 261, 
280, 299, 330. 

Weld, Benjamin, 246, 252, 260, 266, 274, 279, 
284, 285, 287, 297, 312, 321, 326, 328, 329, 
333, 334, 340, 342, 344. 

Welles (Wells), Arnold, 8, 9, 14, 18, 20, 
21, 29, 31, 40, 59, 61, 68, 80, 81, 97, 
98, 101, 104, 112, 116, 117, 119, 137, 
140, 141, 161, 176, 191, 208, 227, 237, 
247, 261, 276, 280, 284, 299, 325, 332, 
333 

John', 12, 33, 62, 83, 100, 117, 120, 142, 
162, 166, 177, 182, 192, 197, 209,212, 
213, 215, 216, 229, 231, 232, 248,250, 
263, 265, 266, 270, 272, 282, 283,300, 
301,331,333,337. 
Samuel, 3. 
William, 330. 
Welsh, Jacob, 252, 266. 
Wendall (Wendell), Oliver, 20, 39, 41, 68, 
72, 73, 78, 87, 102, 124, 145, 165, 171, 180, 
206, 212. 
West, David, 252. 



West, Samuel, 9, 31, 58, 60, 81, 97, 119, 125 
Boston, 37, 144. 

erection of ropewalks at, 

14, 15. 

Indies, 72, 73. 
Springfield, 172. 
Wharf, Long, 56. 
Pitts, 44. 
Scarlets, 131. 
Spears, 56. 
Woodward's, 64. 
Wharves, erection of, 257. 

for removing of filth, 295. 
Wheat, surveyors of, choice of, 12, ?3, 62, 
83, 99, 120, 142, 162, 177, 192, 209, 229, 248, 
263, 281, 300, 331. 
Wheeler, Capt., 140. 

William, 83, 99, 120, 142. 
Wheelock, Abijah, 62. 
Wheelwright, Job, 36, 63, 
White, Benjamin, 11, 12, 30, 33, 62, 64, 82, 
83, 99, 100, 120, 142, 143, 152, 162, 
177, 192, 193, 209, 210, 228, 247,248, 
262, 281, 299, 330. 
Samuel, 10, 31, 63, 82, 99, 121. 
Whiting, Jabez, 301. 
John, 173. 

Whitman, Benjamin, 197,214, 232, 252, 266, 
284, 285, 312, 334, 342, 343, 344. 
Zachariah G., 283. 

Whitney, Jonathan, 285, 312, 335, 340. 
Whitwell, Samuel, 24, 34, 117. 

William, 30, 301. 
Wilby, Francis, 301. 
Wild"( Wilde), Abel, 149. 
Jonathan, 301. 
Samuel S., 172* 
Wilds, Major, 72, 73. 
Will of the late Thomas Boylston, 76, 77. 
Williams, John D.,298, 329. 

Robert, 326, 328, 329. 
Winchester, Samuel, 230. 
Winnisimmet Ferry, 85. 
Winslow, Col., 24, 35. 

Isaac, 292, 293, 298, 310, 341. 
John, 9, 30, 60, 76, 78, 80, 97, 105, 
116, 117, 118, 119, 126, 128, 129, 
137, 138, 140, 141, 143, 144, 148, 
153, 161, 167, 176, 179, 182, 183, 
191, 197, 198, 208, 212, 213, 214, 
227, 233, 246, 252, 261, 266, 276, 
278, 280, 298, 310, 329, 331. 
Winthrop, James, 172. 

John, 8, 20, 22, 30, 60, 70. 
Thomas L., 333. 
Wiscasset, 172. 

Wood, boards, surveyors of. (See Boards.) 
building with, 13, 138, 139. 
sealers of, choice of, 14. 
Woodman, John, 173. 
Woodward, Mr., 48. 
Worcester district, 172, 173, 
AVorkhouse, petition to establish, 351. 

report of committee on, 113, 

114. 
town empowered to build, 

352. 

(See, also, Almshouse.) 
Wright, Francis, 117, 147, 160, 175, 183, 191, 
197, 207, 213, 226, 246, 252, 260, 
266, 279, 285, 297, 304, 326. 
T., 126. 

York district, 172, 173. 
Young, Alexander, 68. 
William, 231. 



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FOPM NO. 522: 6,3.54. 4M.