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Full text of "A Volume of records relating to the early history of Boston : containing miscellaneous papers"

THIRTY-SEVENTH REPORT 
BOSTON RECORDS. 



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BOSlOi TOWN RECORDS 



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4-18^2 

J_ J. ^Jtx. J (Vi 



A VOLUME 



RECORDS 



RELATING TO THE 



CONTAINING 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1814 TO 1822 




BOSTON 

MUNICIPAL PRINTING OFFICE 
1906 



[DOCUMENT 128 1906.] 




CITY OF BOSTON 

EECORDS EELATING TO THE EARLY HISTORY 
OF BOSTON 

(Formerly called Record Commissioners' Reports) 



This volume, which is the thirty-seventh in the series formerly 
issued under the direction of the Record Commissioners, contains 
the proceedings of the town from March 14, 1814, to April 1, 
1822, containing and completing the meetings of the inhabitants 
under the town government, as recorded in the tenth book of the 
original records of the town of Boston. 

EDWARD W. McGLENEN, 

City Registrar. 
OLD COURT HOUSE, BOSTON. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS. 



[TENTH BOOK.] 



1814-1822. 

[1.] At a Meeting of the male Citizens of the Town of Boston 
duly qualified & legally warned in publick Town Meeting assembled 
at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 14 th day of March A.D. 1814 
9 O'Clock A.M. 

Prayer by the Rev d M r . Parkman. 

'Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Laws respecting the Election of Town officers, read. 

Hon ble . John Phillips, Esq r . chosen Moderator. 

Thomas Clark was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensuing, 
& the oath of office was administered to him by the Moderator. 

Charles Bulfinch Benjamin Weld 

Ebenezer Oliver Joseph Lovering 

Jonathan Hunnewell Joseph Austin & 

Joseph Foster Robert Williams, Esq rs . 

Nathan Webb 
were chosen Selectmen for the year ensuing. 

The oath was administered to them by the Moderator & the 
following Certificate given by him. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, ) 
Suffolk ss. . . . March 14 th . 1814 ) 

Then Charles Bulfinch, Ebenezer Oliver, Jonathan Hunnewell, 
Joseph Foster, Nathan Webb, Benjamin Weld, Joseph Lovering, 
Joseph Austin and Robert Williams Esquires being chosen Select- 
men of the Town of Boston for the ensuing year severally 
appeared & made oath faithfully to discharge the duties of their 
office respecting all elections and the returns thereof. 

before me John Phillips 

Justice of the Peace. 



2 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

[2.] William Smith William Mackay 

William Phillips Joseph Coolidge jun. 

Redford Webster Joseph Richards 

Thomas Perkins Bryant P. Tilden 

Samuel Snelling Ephraim Elliott and 

Ozias Goodwin Jonathan Phillips Esq rs . 

tvere chosen Overseers of the Poor for the ensuing year. 

Thomas Mellvill Nathan Webb 

Andrew Cunningham George Blan chard 

John Winslow Samuel M. Thayer 

Stephen Codman Joseph Tilden 

Jonathan Hunnewell Joseph Austin 

Daniel Messenger Benj n . Rich 

William Sullivan Joseph Levering 

Benjamin Smith Gedney King 

Nathaniel Curtis Francis J. Oliver 

Edward Cruft John D. Williams 

James Phillips William Harris and 

Bryant P. Tilden John Winslow jun r . Esq r8 . 
were chosen Firewards for the year ensuing 

Thanks of the Town voted to Maj r . Bray & M r . Page. 

Voted, That in addition to the Selectmen twelve persons shall 
now be chosen a School Committee; and the votes being collected 
it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen viz. 

Rev d . Charles Lowell Charles Davis, Esq r . 

Rev d . Horace Holley John Heard jun r . 

Rev d . Samuel Cary Peter O. Thacher 

Doct r . Aaron Dexter Francis J. Oliver 

Doct r . Thomas Welsh William Smith & 

Doct r . John C. Warren William Welles Esq r8 . 

Voted, That the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are termed the School Committee, be and hereby 
are directed to carry the system of Education adopted by the Town 
into operation : and that said Committee be also authorized and 
empowered conjunctly to manage and regulate the Government 
[3] of the Schools ; and to execute all the powers relative to the 
Schools and School Masters which the Selectmen or such Com- 
mittees are authorized by the laws of the Commonwealth or by 
votes of the Town to exercise. The thanks of the Town was then 
voted to M r . Channing. 

Mess 18 . Benjamin White Joseph Stodder 

John Cogswell Allen Bowker 

William Clouston William Ellison jun r . 

William Ellison Nath 1 . Glover 

Nathaniel Bradlee John Howe Jun r . 



BOSTON TOWN RECOBDS, 1814. 3 

Noah Dogget Richard Thayer 

Bradock Loring Edw d . J. Robbins 

Thomas Christie Henry Blake 

William Green Joseph Tucker and 

Eleazer Homer Moses Eayres Jun r . 

were chosen Surveyors of Boards & other Lumber for the year 

ensuing. 

Mess 1 " 8 . Henry Purkett Nathl 1 . Howe and 

John Smith Benjamin Clark 

were appointed Surveyors of Hoops & Staves. 

Mess. Thomas Barbour John Bannister 

Nath 1 . Howe Thomas Lambert 

Benjamin Clark Benj n . Owen 

Gershom Spear James Brown and 

Charles Pook William J Hammet 

were chosen cullers of Dry fish. 

Mess r8 . Benjamin White Nath 1 . Bradlee and William Ellison 
were chosen Fence Viewers for the year ensuing. 

Mess rs . Barney Sloan Neddy Curtis Joseph Champney and 
Joseph Selaway were chosen Hogreeves & Haywards for the year 
ensuing. 

Samuel Emmons, and John Phillips, Esq. were chosen Sur- 
veyors of Hemp 

[4.] Edward Tuckerman and Josiah Snelling, Esq re . were 
chosen Surveyors of Wheat. 

Mess rs . John Wells and Richard Austin were chosen Assay 
Masters 

The Selectmen were chosen Surveyors of Highways. 

Mess rs . Richard Homer, Francis James and Samuel Sprague 
were chosen Inspectors of Lime. 

Votes, for a Treasurer for the County of Suffolk were received 
by the Moderator & Town Clerk, [and] sorted and counted when 
it appeared that the whole number was one hundred & sixty nine 
votes, and that they were all for John Winslow Esq r . 

Voted, That Stephen Codman, Francis J Oliver and John 
Osborn Esq. be, and they are hereby appointed a Committee to 
audit the accounts of the Town Treasurer and also those of the 
Overseers of the Poor, and the Board of Health. And said Com- 
mittee are directed to report the sum necessary to be raised for 
the services of the present year. 



4 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Voted, That the Auditors of Accounts for the Town of Boston 
be requested to take into consideration the finances of the County 
of Suffolk and Town of Boston, to obtain from their respective 
Treasurers the amount of debts due from the County and Town 
either to Banks or individuals Also the amount of debts due to 
said County & Town from outstanding taxes, or from individuals 
or any other accounts ; also to obtain the amount received into 
the Treasury within the last five years from Justices of the Peace 
& other officers, arising from fines & [5] forfitures for breaches 
of the law also to ascertain the amount of outstanding Taxes 
arising from neglecting to collect them when the persons were 
competent to the payment, as stated in a late report And to 
consider how far the Bondsmen are answerable for the deficiency 
of such receiver & Collector and to report on the same at May 
Meeting 

The Thanks of the Town was voted to the Auditors of 
Accounts for the last year. 

Voted That the consideration of all money matters be re- 
ferred to the May Meeting 

Voted That the subject in the Warrant respecting the pas- 
sageway requested by the New South Church proprietors, be 
committed to the Selectmen, with full powers to act as the best 
interest of the Town may require, and make & execute such con- 
veyances as they may think proper, in behalf of the Town. 

Voted That the Selectmen be empowered to sell to M r . David 
Greenough & his associates so much of the land of the School 
lot in West Street as in their opinion will not be injurious to the 
School house, and on such terms as shall appear to them advan- 
tageous to the Town and that they be empowered to make a 
legal conveyance of the same. 

The Petition of Deacon Joseph Field was committed to the 
Trustees of the land on Boston neck to consider the same and 
report thereon. 

Voted That the Treasurer be directed to suspend the enforc- 
ing the Collection of Dea n . Joseph Fields Bond for the present. 

Voted The petition for a bye law against incumbering the 
side walks of the Town, was referred to the Selectmen to take 
the same into consideration & report thereon. 

[6.] Voted That the Thanks of the Town be given to the 
Hon 1 . John Phillips Esq r . for his services as Moderator of this 
Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1814. 5 

At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
of twenty one years of age and upwards, qualified as the Con- 
stitution prescribes and legally warned in publick Town Meeting 
assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 4 th . day of April A D 
1814 9 O Clock A M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . M r . Lowell. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or Frame of Government relative 
to the choice of Governor, Lieutenant Governor & Senators, read. 

Law of the Commonwealth dividing the State into Districts for 
the choice of Senators & Counsellors read . 

It was then declared by the Selectmen, that no printed vote 
would be received, & that the votes should be put into the Box 
unfolded. 

It was afterwards declared that the Poll should be closed at 2 
O Clock and the Bells to begin tolling at half past 1 O'Clock. 

Persons voted for as Governour with the number of Votes for 

each person viz 

His Exc*. Caleb Strong 3557 

Hon 1 . Samuel Dexter 1557 

[7.] Ben j a . Austin 2. John Holmes 1. 3 

W m . Eustis 1. Henry Dearborn 1 2 

William Sullivan ---- 1 



5120 

Persons voted for as Lieutenant Governor, with the number of 
votes for each person - viz. 

His Honour William Phillips 3570 

Hon 1 . William Gray 1550 

Hon ble . James Lloyd 1 



5121 

Persons voted for as Senators for the District of Suffolk, with 
the number of votes for each Person - viz. 

Hon 1 . John Phillips 3564 

Hon 1 . Israel Thorndike 3550 

Hon 1 . Josiah Quincy 3524 

Hon 1 . Thomas H. Perkins 3554 

Hon 1 . Harrison G. Otis 3544 

Hon 1 . Daniel Sargent 3548 

Samuel Brown Esq r . 1523 



6 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Russell Sturgis Esq r . 1524 

Jon a . L. Austin Esq r . _-._... 1524 

William Little Esq r . 1520 

Caleb Bingham Esq r . -. 1524 

David Townsend Esq r . - - - - - - - 1520 

William Spooner Esq r . ------- 4 

Samuel Cobb Esq r . ------- -~\ 

James Lloyd Esq r . > 3 

Caleb Loring Esq r . ---____-_) 

Joseph Hall Esq r . 

Thomas K. Jones Esq r . | 

William Sullivan Esq r . - ") 

Jesse Putnam Esq r . - - 

Tho 8 . L. Winthrop Esq r . 

Stephen Codman Esq r . ------ 

Joseph E. Smith Esq r . 

Attested Copies or return of the persons voted for as Gov- 
ernour, Lieutenant Governour & Senators for the County of Suf- 
folk sealed up in [8] open Town Meeting, after the vote had 
been declared, to be transmitted to the Secretary of the Common- 
wealth as prescribed by law; and directed as follows viz. 

To Alden Bradford Esq r . Secretary of the Commonwealth. 

Votes of the Town of Boston for Governour and Lieutenant 
Governour, sealed up in open Town Meeting. Also for Six Sen- 
ators for the District of Suffolk, directed in the same manner. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
of twenty-one years of age and upwards, qualified as the Consti- 
tution prescribes at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 12 th . day of 
May A D 18149 o'clock A M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . M r . Huntington. 
Warrant calling the Meeting, read 

Paragraphs of the Constitution relating to the choice of Repre- 
sentatives, and the law of the Commonwealth regulating Elec- 
tions read 

The return of the Assistant Assessors signifying that the major 
& minor Polls of this Town for the present year were 8275 
besides 51 that were in the United States Army, being also 
read. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1814. 7 

The Inhabitants were directed to bring in their votes for Rep- 
resentatives not exceeding thirty-seven. 

Votes were received by the Selectmen untill one O'Clock, when 
they declared the Poll to be closed. 

[9.] Upon sorting and counting the votes it appeared that 
the whole number was 909 necessary to make a choice 455 
the following (thirty six) Gentlemen had a Majority of the votes 
and were declared to be duly elected Representatives for the 
Town the ensuing year. Viz*. 

William Smith Nathaniel Curtis 

James Robinson Richard Faxon 

Jonathan Hunnewell Samuel Dunn 

William Sullivan John D. Howard 

Stephen Codman Lynde Walter 

Benjamin Russell Jonathan Loring 

Charles Davis Jonathan Whitney 

William Hammatt Samuel J. Prescott 

William H. Sumner Lemuel Shaw 

Ephraim Thayer Andrew Sigourney 

Benjamin Weld Thomas Barry 

Benjamin Whitman William Harris 

Oliver Keating Richard Sullivan 

Nathan Webb Joseph Pierce 

Daniel Messenger William Brown 

George G. Lee Benjamin Gorham 

Sam 1 . M. Thayer Thacher Goddard & 

George Blanchard William Sturgis 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[ 1 0.] At a Meeting of the Male Citizens of the Town of 
Boston duly qualified and legally warned, assembled at Faneuil 
Hall on Tuesday the 24 day of May A D 1814 10 O'Clock. A. M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Stephen Codman Esq r . was chosen Moderator. 

The Auditors of Accounts made the following Report viz. 

The Committee appointed by a vote of the Town of Boston on 
the 14 th day of March last, to audit the accounts of the Town 
Treasurer; and for other purposes, have attended that service 



8 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

and ask leave to report that they have examined the enclosed 
account of Andrew Sigourney Esquire, the Town Treasurer & 
Collector ; that they find the same right cast and well vouched, 
that there remained in his hands on the 7* day of May instant a 
balance of $19,162 T 2 ^ belonging to the Town. 

Your Committee in further discharge of their duty addressed a 
Letter to the standing Committee of Finance, who they conceived 
most competent to give them such information on the general 
pecuniary concerns of the Town as would enable them to make 
such a report as the Town would expect. The Committee have 
received a written communication from that Committee which so 
fully discribes the state of the finances and other concerns of the 
Town and County that your Committee think proper to annex the 
same hereto, which they beg leave to rffer as part of their report 
viz. 

Second annual report of the Committee of Finance. 

[11.] The Committee of Finance of the Town of Boston, 
composed of the Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor, and Board of 
Health : agreeably to the powers and instructions received from 
the Town, have examined the accounts of the Treasurer and Col- 
lector for the past year, and report as follows. 

They have been gratified to find such a system of order and 
perspicuous arrangement in the Books of the office, as render the 
examination & intimate knowledge of the accounts easy & con- 
venient. 

By referring to the Report of this Committee in May 1813, it 
will be found, that there was then due on back taxes from 1804 
to 1812 inclusive the sum of $86361.74 

Since which has been received as follows. 

of 1804 - 80.81 

of 1805 ----- 179.11 

of 1806 299.80 

of 1807 518.90 

of 1808 473. 

of 1809 905.74 

of 1810 1167.73 

of 1811 1052.66 

of 1812 3858.18 



8535.93 

The amount of taxes abated the past year - - - 59245.63 
Leaves Balance uncollected 18580.18 



$86361.74 

The amount of taxes assessed in 1813 for County 

and Town was $152400.60 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1814. 

of which has been received to May 7 th - - - 
amount of errors & abatements 



Ballance uncollected 



$141028.83 
9320. 9 

$150348.92 
2051.68 

$152400.60 



from which it appears, that the whole tax for 1813 has 
been collected or settled except 2000 Dollars, between the 18 th . 
day of October and the 7 th . day of May, a period short of 7 
months : a circumstance Highly creditable to the Collector and to 
the inhabitants of the Town. 

The following is a statement of the Towns debts ana credits 



D r . 

State Tax 1813 - - 

County D - - - - 
N. E. Insurance office 

J. Bradley for oil - - 

To Bank - - - - 

Private Notes - - - 
on Selectmens df' 8 . 

on Overseers D. - - 



Town of Boston 
$9500 By Notes of several 
30125.34 persons for land, 
5500. By John Brazer suit 



13000. 
25500. 
16881.17 
649.58 
1372.23 



rec ag*. him - 
Commonwealth 
poor ... 
Cash in Treas- 
ury - - - - 



102,528.32 

Selectmens df. May - 7000. 
Unliquidated Acc u . - 10000. 



$119528.32 

Estimating the debts as above at - - - - - 

and adding 5000 dollars to the same to cover further 

unliquidated balances the amount will be - - - 

to which add the current expences of the year - - 



C r . 

7486.55 



6500. 



7000. 



19162.22 



$40148.77 



$120000 

125000 
82000 



$207000 



being the same as last year exhibits the sum to be provided 
for $207000 in manner following 

from money in the Treasury & debts coming due this 

year 39000 

from Commonwealth support of State Poor - ... 13000 

Rents p estimate of last year -- 10000 

Town Tax same as last year, for current expences - - 75000 



sum necessary to discharge the balance of debt 



137000 
70000 



$207000 



10 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

The Committee have deliberated upon the most elegible mode 
of discharging the above balance and offer the following as the 
result. They find [13] that the whole amount of State, County 
& Town taxes for 1813 was 152,400 And that the County tax 
for the present year is $14000 less, than in the last; they also 
find that the County debt being provided for, the current expenses 
of the County will not require a larger tax in future 

It is therefore proposed, that the sum of $14000 dollars should 
be raised in addition to the amount for current Town expeuces, 
and be appropriated towards the discharge of the Towns debts : 
and that the same amount should be assessed annually until the 
whole shall be discharged, which will be effected in six years, 
without laying on the [nhabitants any greater burthen, than what 
they have borne and promptly paid during the past year. 

But as some of the Creditors of the Town may be urgent for 
immediate payment, it is proposed, that the Town should em- 
power the Treasurer to borrow of Individuals or of publick 
institutions, such sums as may be necessary to satisfy the present 
creditors, And that the Committee of Finance be directed to pay 
particular attention, that the sura raised for the gradual discharge 
of the old debts be strictly appropriated to that purpose. 

By order of the Committee 
May 21 8t . 1814. Charles Bulfinch, Chairman 

Your Committee take this opportunity to add their testimony 
to that of the Committee of Finance on the perfect system of 
order and clear arrangement in the Books and Accounts of the 
Treasurer and Collector, and for the unexampled promptness, 
with which he has collected nearly the whole of the last years 
taxes, and of so large a portion of the outstanding taxes, which 
circumstance does great honour to the talents & integrity of that 
officer. 

[14.] Your Committee also requested the County Treasurer 
to give them such information from his office as would enable 
them to satisfy the Town as to the finances of the County, and 
they received from him every satisfaction they could expect. 
The Committee of Finance in their report have taken notice of 
part of the result of those enquiries, and your Committee have 
to add, that the County Treasurer stated to them that there were 
no books in the Office by which he could ascertain the amount of 
fines and forfeitures received from Justices of the Peace for 
breaches of law within the last five years, but that since the 
present Treasurer had been in office had received as follows 

from several Justices - - 1161.64 

from Shubael Bell received by Mm for persons 

committed --- 493.35 

and that these sums had been paid over to the Treasurer of the 
Commonwealth agreeable to law. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1814. 11 

It also appears that in 1813. there was paid to the Justices of 
the Peace for criminal suits before them the sum of $3303.92 of 
this sum (for all suits carried to the Courts by appeal or recog- 
nizance) was repaid by the Commonwealth $1700 Left a 
balance of Loss to the County of 1603 dollars. 

With regard to that part of the duty of your Committee " to 
ascertain the amount of outstanding taxes arising from neglect- 
ing to collect them when the persons were competent to the pay- 
ment as stated in a late report." That report fully states the 
amount, but whether any neglect to collect them when persons 
were competent to the payment took place or not, the Committee 
have no means of [15] ascertaining And the question "how 
far the Bondsmen are answerable for the deficiency of such 
Receiver & Collector" is a legal question which your Committee 
do not feel themselves competent to determine. 
All which is submitted 

Stephen Codoaan ) 
Francis J. Oliver y Committee 
John Osborn ) 
Boston May 23. 1814. 

The foregoing Reports of the Auditors of accounts & Com- 
mittee of Finance were read, considered & accepted by the 
Town and ordered that the report of the Committee of 
Finance be published. 

The Committee of Finance having examined the accounts and 
proceedings of Andrew Sigourney Esq r . Treasurer & Collector of 
the Town of Boston, as it respects both of said important offices, 
& are happy to state. 

That they find the Treasurer and Collector has executed the 
duties of said offices with great ability and faithfulness, as will 
appear from the statements accompanying the report of the 
Auditors. 

The Town of Boston will therefore feel, that a Compensation 
for services rendered, so essential to their interests, becomes a 
duty, which will give them pleasure to execute. 

The Committee would state, that they find said Treasurer & 
Collector has expended the sum of one thousand, eighty three 
dollars 33 cents for necessary Clerk hire in his said offices, from 
the first day of July 1813 to the 1 st . day of June 1814 and the 
sum of ninety two dollars 15 Cents expences attending [16] the 
delivery of Bills & summonses to delinquents, for which no com- 
pensation has been, or can be by him received. 

This expence to the Treasurer & Collector has in a great 
measure arisen from his very able & faithful attention to the 
collection and settlement of such back taxes as became due, 
before he was appointed to said offices. 

The Committee would therefore report That there be allowed 
to the said Andrew Sigourney Esquire out of the Treasury of the 
said Town of Boston, the sum of eleven hundred seventy five 



12 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

dollars, forty five cents, the same being the amount of the sums 
aforesaid by him expended in said offices, as Treasurer & Collec- 
tor, for said Town, on their account, up to said first day of June 
1814 And considering that the sum of one hundred & forty 
thousand dollars, taxes, have been received and paid the past 
year ; and eight thousand five hundred dollars back taxes have 
been collected and Fifty nine thousand dollars have been set- 
tled by abatements, all of which the said Treasurer & Collector 
has attended to, with that accuracy and faithfulness, which have 
characterized all his proceedings The Committee whould fur- 
ther report, That there be allowed & paid to Andrew Sigourney 
Esquire out of the Treasury of the Town of Boston, the further 
sum of Two thousand dollars, in full for his services as Town 
Treasurer & Collector of Taxes for the year ending the first day 
of July next. All which is respectfully submitted, by order of 
the Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor, & Board of Health of the 
Town of Boston, said Committee of Finance. 

Charles Bulfinch, Chairman. 
Boston, May 24 th 1814. 

[17.] The foregoing Report of the Committee of Finance was 
read, & accepted by the Town. 

Edward Tuckerman William Hammatt 

William Brown Peter O. Thacher and 

Joshua Davis Thomas Dawes, Esquires, 

were chosen Trustees of Neck Lands. 

The following gentlemen were chosen Inspectors of the Market 
for the year ensuing viz. : 

Gedney King Ward No. 1 John P. Thorndike Ward No. 7 

John D. Howard " 2 Caleb Haywood " 8 

Turell Tuttle " 3 Isaac P. Simpson " 9 

Samuel Hichborn " 4 Joseph Allen " 10 

Turell Tuttle, jun r . " 5 John Roulston " 11 

George W. Otis " 6 Samuel Sprague " 12 

Neddy Curtis and 
Abel Hewins, 
were chosen Fence Viewers for South Boston. 

Romanus Emmerson, 
was chosen Hayward and Pound Keeper. 

Samuel Holmes and 
Elisha Copeland, 
were chosen Tythingmen for the year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1814. 13 

The Petition of M r . William Bigelow, late Master of the Latin 
School was committed to 

Benjamin Whitman, 
[18.] Benjamin Russell, 
Lemuel Shaw, 
William Mack ay and 
William Sullivan, Esquires, 
to consider this and report at the next adjournment. 

The Trustees of lands upon the Neck, to whom was referred 
the Petition of Joseph Field Esq r ., having attended to the sub- 
ject, having heard and considered the statement of the petitioner, 
and by a part of their body viewed the premises, now ask leave 
respectfully to report, that in their opinion, the petitioner has no 
legal claim against the Town arising from any injury which he may 
be supposed to have sustained from the alteration in the scite of 
the burying ground upon the neck, inasmuch as their was never 
any stipulation or engagement restricting the town from making 
such alteration if the publick good should render it necessary. 
The trustees further consider that, the house of the petitioner 
being protected in front by a high fence & by a row of trees, 
very little inconvenience can arise or be felt by him, or by those 
who occupy the same, from the funeral processions, which 
occasionally enter the burying ground ; and that any inconve- 
nience which may arise from this cause is more than compensated 
by the advantage which will result to the estate from the 
land in front of the house being forever kept open. It further 
appeared upon enquiry, that the rent of this estate had not sus- 
tained a greater depression, than that of other estates in the 
vicinity The Trustees are therefore of opinion that the peti- 
tioner is not entitled in law or in equity to [19] compensation 
from the town according to the prayer of his petition. 
All which is submitted. 

By order of the Trustees 

Ch 8 . Bulfinch, Chairman. 
Boston May 24 th . 1814. 

The foregoing report on the petition of Joseph Field Esq r . was 
read and accepted. 

Voted, that the sum of two hundred dollars be appropriated for 
the African school the present year. 

Voted, that the sum of Seven hundred and fifty dollars be 
allowed and paid unto Hon ble . Thomas Dawes Esq r . for his Salary 
as Judge of the Municipal Court the ensuing year. 

Voted that the sum of One thousand dollars be allowed & 
paid unto Thomas Clark, Town Clerk, as his salary for the year 
ensuing. 



14 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Voted that the sum of Eight hundred & sixteen dollars be 
allowed & paid to each of three assessors for their services the 
present year. 

Voted that 

Stephen Codman 

Thomas W. Sumner 

William Sullivan 

Abraham W. Fuller and 

W m . H. Sumner Esq 18 . 

be a Committee to take into consideration the subject of the 
delinquincy of the late Treasurer & Collector of Boston and re- 
port on the expediency of commencing a prosecution against said 
Collector or his Bondsmen. 

[SO.] Upon the representation and exhibition of the doings 
and proceedings of Andrew Sigourney Esq r . Treasurer and Col- 
lector of taxes of the Town of Boston the last year. 

Voted that the Town of Boston highly approve of the con- 
duct of said Andrew Sigourney Esq r . in the said offices of Treas- 
urer & Collector, and that he has faithfully and fully as was in 
his power completed the execution of his duty in said offices to 
which he has been appointed as aforesaid, and that he be excused 
from all delinquincy or default in not having effected the full and 
complete settlement of the Taxes by him to have been received 
or collected according to law. 

The following Bye law was passed by the Town and ordered 
to be laid before the Court of Sessions for confirmation. 

It is hereby ordered that no person shall hereafter saw any fire 
wood, or pile the same, upon the foot walks of any of the 
Streets, or lanes of this Town ; and that no person shall stand 
on any such footwalk, with wood saw or horse, to the hindrance 
or obstruction of any foot passenger, under a penalty of one 
dollar for each and every of said offences. 

And it is hereby ordered, that no person shall throw or cause 
to be thrown, any snow from the top of any house into the street, 
after the hour of nine O'Clock in the forenoon ; and every person 
who shall throw or cause to be thrown any snow from the roof of 
any building, shall have the same removed from the footwalk and 
spread evenly in the [21] Street. And every person who shall 
offend in either of these respects shall forfeit and pay the sum 
of two dollars for each and every offence. 

Adjourned to Monday the first day of August next 
10 O'Clock A.M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1814. 15 

At a Convention of the Boards of Selectmen, Overseers of the 
Poor, and Board of Health, of the Town of Boston, held in 
Faueuil Hall on the 22 d day of June A D 1814-5 'Clock P.M. 

Charles Bulfinch Esq 1 '. Chairman. 

The Law of the Commonwealth requiring a Majority of each 
Board to be present at the Election of Town Treasurer & Col- 
lector of taxes ; and their not being a Majority of the Members 
of the Overseers & Board of Health present The Convention 
was adjourned to Monday next the 27 Instant to meet at 
4 O'Clock P. M. 

Monday June 27 th . 1814. 
The Convention met according to adjournment. 

Present a Majority of each Board. 

Voted to proceed to the choice of a Town Treasurer for the 
year ensuing & that Major Tilden and Col. Robinson be a Com- 
mittee to collect sort & count the votes. 

The Committee reported that the whole [23] number of votes 
were 23 and that Andrew Sigourney Esq r . was unanimously 
chosen. 

The Convention then proceeded to the choice of a Collector of 
taxes and Andrew Sigourney Esquire was declared to be 
unanimously elected. 

M r . Sigourney appeared before the Convention declared his 
acceptance of the offices of Town Treasurer & Collector of taxes 
for the year ensuing and proposed George Blauchard & Benja- 
min Weld Esquires as his Bondsmen. 

Mess. Hunnewell, Webster & Whitman, were appointed 
a Committee to consider the responsibility of the Gentlemen 
offered by M r . Sigourney as his Bondsmen. 

The Committee reported as their opinion, that the sureties 
offered by M r . Sigourney were ample & sufficient which 
report was accepted And the same Committee were directed to 
take bonds of M r . Sigourney in the sum of twenty thousand dol- 
lars as Treasurer, and the further sum of twenty thousand dollars 
as Collector of taxes for the year ensuing. 

Then the Convention was Dissolved. 



[33.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabit- 
ants of the Town of Boston at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 4 th 
day of July A. D. 1814 9 O'Clock A. M. 



16 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 
Thomas Clark was chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed the last year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Indepen- 
dence Reported that they had chosen Benjamin Whitwell 
Esquire who has accepted the appointment. 

Adjourned to meet at the old South Church 12 O'Clock. 

Met at the Old South Church where the Oration was delivered 
by Benjamin Whitwell Esquire to commemorate the Independence 
of the United States of America. 

Voted That the Selectmen be, and hereby are appointed a 
Committee to wait on Benjamin Whitwell, Esq r . in the name of 
the Town, & thank him for the elegant and spirited Oration this 
day delivered by him at the request of the Town, upon the anni- 
versary of American Independence, in which were considered 
the feelings, manners and principles, which produced the great 
national event, and the important & happy effects, general and 
domestic, which have already, or will forever flow from that 
auspicious epoch ; and to request of him a copy for the press. 

[24.] Voted That the Gentlemen Selectmen be, and hereby 
are appointed a Committee to apply to some able & learned Gen- 
tleman to deliver an Oration on the 4 th . day of July 1815 That 
day being the Anniversary of the Independence of the United 
States of America ; wherein the Orator is to consider, the feel- 
ings, manners, and principles which led to this great national 
event, as well as the important and happy effects, whether general 
or domestic, which have already, or will forever flow from that 
auspicious Epoch. 



At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston on 
Monday the 1 st . day of August A D 1814, held by Adjournment 
from the 24 th . day of May At Faneuil Hall 10 O'Clock 
AM. 

Stephen Codman, Esq r . 
Moderator. 

On motion Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday 
the fifth day of September next then to meet at this place 10 
O'Clock, A M. 

Adjourned accordingly. 



[25.] At a legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston at Faneuil Hall on Saturday the 3 d . day of September 
A D 181410 O'Clock A.M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1814. 17 

Hon ble . Thomas Dawes, Esquire was chosen Moderator. 

This Meeting was called by William Wetmore, Esquire, a 
Justice of the Peace for the County of Suffolk in consequence of 
the following petition viz 

To the Honourable William Wetmore a Justice of the Peace 
for the County of Suffolk. 

Respectfully represent The Subscribers being more than 
Ten of the Freeholders of the Town of Boston, that the Selectmen 
of the Town of Boston have been requested in writing by Ten or 
more of the Freeholders of said Town to call a Town meeting for 
the purpose of taking into consideration the expediency of pro- 
viding means of defence in the present exposed and dangerous 
situation of this Town and that the Selectmen have unreasonably 
denied to call a meeting upon this public occasion; Whereupon 
your petitioners request your honour by Warrant under your 
hand & Seal directed to a Constable or Constables of said Town 
directing him or them to notify & warn the Inhabitants qualified 
to vote in Town affairs to assemble at such time & place in said 
Town as your Honour shall in said Warrant direct and for the 
Purpose in said warrant expressed. 

Monday Aug 1 . 29. 1814 signed Winslow Lewis & sixty-two 
other Citizens. 

[26.] Commonwealth of Massachusetts ) 
Suffolk ss } 

To the Constables of the Town of Boston in the said County 
and to any of them Greeting 

r ^ -, Whereas it has been represented in writing to me, one 
J of the Justices of the peace in & for the said County, that 
the Selectmen of Boston aforesaid, unreasonably deny to call a 
meeting of the Inhabitants of said town being upon a publick 
occasion, to take into consideration " the expediency of provid- 
ing means of defence in the present exposed & dangerous situa- 
tion of the said town " ; which representation is signed by more 
than Ten of the Inhabitants & freeholders of said town, and is 
hereunto annexed. 

Now you the said Constables are hereby required in the name 
of the said Commonwealth, to notify and warn the Inhabitants of 
the said town, qualified to vote in town affairs to assemble at 
Faneuil Hall in said town on Saturday the third day of Septem- 
ber next, at ten o'Clock in the forenoon then & there to take into 
consideration the subject of said representation & petition, and 
to adopt such measures as they may deem expedient in the 
premises. Given under my hand & seal at Boston aforesaid the 
twenty ninth day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand 
Eight hundred & fourteen. 

W m . Wetmore. 

The Inhabitants were legally warned by 

Walter Crosby Constable. 



18 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

[37.] The proceeding8 of the Selectmen upon the above 
petition, taken from the minutes is as follows, viz. 
Town of Boston 

At a Meeting of the Selectmen, August 24 th . 1814, 

A Petition was presented, signed by a number of the Inhabit- 
ants, requesting that a Town meeting should be called forthwith, 
to take into consideration the expediency of providing for the 
immediate defence of the Town and Harbour. 

The subject having been considered, it was voted, that we do 
not thijik it expedient to call a meeting of the town for the pur- 
poses expressed in the Petition ; and Ordered, that the following 
reasons of our opinions be entered on the Records of the Board, viz. 

In the present unhappy circumstances of our country, the 
Selectmen of the Town of Boston feel the fullest confidence in 
the wisdom, patriotism and prudence of his Excellency the Com- 
mander in Chief, .and in the watchful care & attention of the 
Commissioners appointed by him for the defences of the State. 

Especially we are. sensible of the correctness of their views in 
the dispositions made for the defence of this Town ; which have 
been communicated to the Board by said Commissioners in sev- 
eral conferences with them, & in their letter to the Board of 30 
June [28] last ; under the conviction we feel it our duty to rely, 
with perfect confidence, on our Rulers; and not by calling a 
meeting of the Inhabitants, to excite alarm ; and in the presence 
of the Governour and Council, and of the Commissioners of 
known military experience, to interfere with their duties, or 
imply any doubt of the wisdom of their measures. 
By order of the Selectmen 

Charles Bulfinch Chairman. 

The Petition and Warrant for calling the Meeting having been 
read 

The following Resolutions were (nearly) unanimously adopted 
by the Town, viz. 

Whereas, in the progress of the present unhappy war, it has 
become manifest, that the destruction of the public Ships & naval 
arsenals in the various ports in the United States is a principal 
object of the enemy, & therefore this Town notwithstanding its 
uniform disapprobation of the measures which led to this calam- 
ity, & its endeavours to avert it, may be exposed to danger from 
an enterprise against the ships of War, which are now lying in 
our port, without any adequate means of protection & defence 
furnished by the National Government ; and, 

Whereas, we entertain a full confidence that the Executive 
Government of this Commonwealth has been & still is occupied 
in preparing all the means & resources, which are at its disposal, 
for defending this port & Town, from an invasion ; [291 and 
we moreover believe that the brave & disciplined militia of this 
and the neighbouring Counties which are ready at the shortest 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1814. 19 

notice to repair to any point of attack, will present to an invad- 
ing foe a superiority in number to any force, which is yet known 
to be upon our coast ; yet as in times of great & eminent danger, 
extraordinary exertion & alacrity become the duty of the Citizen, 
& it may be acceptable to his Excellency the Governour to 
receive the assurance that the Citizens of Boston, " in the times 
which try mens souls," are as they have been ready to aid, by 
their manual labour & pecuniary contributions, and by all the 
ways & means in their power, in promoting and making effectual 
any measures of defence, which may be devised by the proper 
authority ; 

Therefore Resolved, that the Citizens of this Town cherish an 
undiminished confidence in the disposition of the Governour & 
Council to organize and hold in readiness, for the defence of this 
town & its vicinity, a competent portion of the force under his com- 
mand, and are persuaded that such measures have been and will 
be adopted, to prepare for any great emergency, as will justify 
the reliance placed by their fellow Citizens upon their vigilance & 
solicitude, for the safety & honour of the Commonwealth. 

Resolved, that we will cheerfully and cordially co-operate with 
his Excellency, in any measures, that may be devised, for the 
defence of the Capital, in which our services may be useful ; and, 
that we will whenever [3O] in his opinion the occasion may 
require, make prompt and effective arrangements for the employ- 
ment of all clases of our Citizens, in the construction of fortifica- 
tions or other means of defence, and for obtaining from patriotic 
individuals voluntary loans and contributions of money to be 
applied to these objects. 

Resolved, that while we deplore the evils and calamities of a 
war, in the production of which, we were in no wise instrumental, 
we are not dismayed by the aspect of the foice, which is employed 
against us, nor do we despair of our Country. "United we 
stand divided we fall" and we are strong in the assurance, that 
the courage, resources, experience, and patriotism of our Country, 
will yet surmount the Evils and the Perils which surround us, and 
transmit to posterity, our Union and Liberties strengthened by a 
recollection of Errors and dangers and a disposition to learn 
Wisdom from misfortune. 

Resolved, that the Moderator of this meeting be requested to 
transmit a copy of these resolutions, certified by the Town Clerk, 
to his Excellency the Governour. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[31.] At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of Bos- 
ton held (by adjournment) at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 5 th day 
of September A. D. 181410 O'Clock A M. 

Stephen Codman, Esq r . 
Moderator. 



20 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

The Committee to whom was referred the Petition of M r . 
William Biglow, late Master of the latin School in Boston, 
requesting the Town of Boston to make him a grant, on account 
of his services and extra labours in his said employment as mas- 
ter of the latin School in said Town as by the vote of said 
Town, at their meeting on the 24 th . of May last appears. 

Have attended that service and ask leave to report. 

That in consideration of the high price of almost all the articles 
of living for several years past, and at the time said Bigelow has 
been employed a schoolmaster by the said Town The great 
inconveniences said Bigelow suffered for nearly one year, while 
the New School house was building in School street, at which 
period he was obliged to keep his said School in places extremely 
inconvenient, and also was deprived of any advantages from his 
private school, which came in aid of his support the great 
exertions made by said Biglow, to accomplish the wishes of the 
Town, in perfecting his said latin School as appeared to this 
Committee, from the Certificates of many of his Ushers in said 
School And the great [32] disappointment to said Biglow, in 
not being continued in his said employment in said School, by 
the School Committee of said town, and also the low compensa- 
tion to said Biglow for his services in said employment, by the 
said Town for several years past The said Committee recom- 
mend to the said town of Boston, that they should pass the 
following votes & order viz, Ordered that there be paid out of 
the Treasury of the Town of Boston, to M r . W m . Biglow, late 
master of the latin School in said Town, The sum of five hundred 
dollars, which sum, with what he has heretofore received, is to be 
in full for all his services, as master of the latin School in said 
Town of Boston, and inconveniences he may have suffered while 
in said employment. and the Treasurer of said Town is hereby 
directed to pay the same accordingly. 

All which is respectfully submitted 

Benj. Whitman, per Order. 
Boston July 15 tu . 1814. 

The foregoing Report was read and accepted by the Town. 

The Committee appointed by the Town of Boston at a legal 
Meeting on the 24 th . of May 1814 to take into consideration the 
subject of the delinquincy of their late Treasurer and Collector 
William Smith Esq r . and report on the expediency of Commencing 
a prosecution against said Collector or his bondsmen, [33] have 
considered the important business assigned them, & make the 
following report. 

The system adopted by the town for the collection of their 
taxes during the first seven years that M r . Smith was in office, 
was found to be so defective, that a considerable loss, was, an- 
nually, inevitable. That system was in part corrected in 1810 
and by the report of a respectable Committee it appears, that 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1814. 21 

they attributed the delinquency then, to the imperfection of the 
system and not to the negligence or misconduct of the Collec- 
tor. In that report although the Committee recommended the 
enjoining of a more prompt collection of the taxes, yet they also 
recommended, that the Collectors duties should be performed with 
as much discretion and lenity, as the nature & urgency of the 
demands would permit. The Town accepted that report, and by 
so doing, as your Committee believe, discharged their Collector, 
at least from the duty of distraining or prosecuting, unless in 
cases where there was a reasonable expectation of obtaining the 
sums due. 

Your Committee are satisfied that the Collector conformed, 
according to the best of his judgement to the spirit of the report. 

By the report of the Committee of finance in May 1814 it ap- 
pears, that there was over from outstanding taxes from the year 

1804 to 1813 $86,361.74 

[34] of which sum M r . Smith") 

collected before he left the of- [ $6,765.81 

fice, viz, from May to July 1813 ) 
And the present Collector had col- ) 

lected of that sum previous to }- ----- $8,535.93 

May 1814 ) 

The assessors had abated for causes ) *, ,<, ~ 2 

unknown to your Committee - - ) 
which left a balance outstanding & unabated in 

May 1814 18,580.18 

of this sum a part has been, & probably more will be collected ; 
but what proportion will be ultimately lost by the Town, cannot 
be now known to the Committee. 

A considerable part of this sum was, in the opinion of the 
Committee assessed on persons who ought not to have been 
taxed ; or on persons who could not be found when the tax bills 
were given to the Collector ; and although some loss may be sus- 
tained in consequence of the lenity of the Collector, exercised in 
virtue of the aforesaid accepted report, the Committee do not be- 
lieve that it will be very great. If the Collector did the best in 
his power to collect the taxes, & honestly used the discretion 
delegated to him by the Town, whatever loss may have happened 
ought to be borne by the town and not by the Collector or his 
bondsmen. 

It appears by the reports of the annual Committees (which re- 
ports have been accepted by the town) that the late Treasurer 
and Collector [35] has faithfully paid over all the money he 
had collected ; and as the situation of the outstanding taxes was 
always stated in those reports, your Committee think that the 
annual re-election of the same officer, was an implied approbation 
of his conduct. Upon consideration of all these circumstances, 
and also that the tax books at the time of the appointment of a 
new Collector were taken out of the hands of the late Collector, 



22 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

whereby he was deprived of all controul over the taxes, it is the 
opinion of the Committee that the loss sustained by the town 
cannot be imputed to the personal negligence or misconduct of 
the Collector, and that it is not expedient to institute any pros- 
ecution against the said Smith or his sureties upon the bonds 
given to the Town. The Committee have not taken into view 
the amount of taxes which have been abated by the assessors, 
viz., $52,479.82, because in abating this amount the assessors 
exercised a power vested in them, and not subject to the control 
of the late Collector. And the Committee suppose that abate- 
ments would not have been made excepting where taxes had been 
assessed on persons not liable to taxation, or on persons who 
were unable to pay. And the Committee have therefore limited 
their investigation to the sum not outstanding and unabated 
viz. $18,580.18 All which is respectfully submitted. 
Boston August 1814. 

Step. Codman 
W m . Sullivan 
W. H. Sumner 
Ab m . W. Fuller 
Tho. W. Sumner 

[36.] The foregoing Report was read, considered and 
accepted by the Town. 

Voted, that in order to carry into effect the recommendations 
of the report of the Committee of finance, accepted by the 
Town, at the meeting on the 24 th . day of May last, That the 
Treasurer be empowered to borrow of individuals or of public 
institutions, a sum not exceeding Seventy thousand Dollars, to 
discharge the outstanding debts of the Town. 

Voted, that William Smith, William Phillips, Bedford Web- 
ster, Thomas Perkins, Samuel Snelling Ozias Goodwin, William 
Mackay, Joseph Coolidge, j r Joseph Richards, Bryant P. Til- 
den, Ephraim Eliot and Jonathan Phillips Esquires, chosen by 
the Town Overseers of the Poor in March last, be empowered to 
Act as Overseers of the work house & house of Correction in 
this Town ; with all the power conferred on Overseers by the 
laws of this Commonwealth passed March 1788, entitled "an 
Act for suppressing and punishing Rogues, Vagabonds, common 
Begars, and other idle, disorderly & lewd persons " and also by 
another law passed January 1789, entitled an Act for erecting 
work houses, for the reception and employment of the idle and 
indigent. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to the Mod- 
erator, for his services at this Meeting 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1815. 23 

[37.] At a legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston duly qualified to vote for Representatives in the Gen- 
eral Court of this Commonwealth, at Faneuil Hall on Monday 
the 7 th . day of November A D 1814 10 O'Clock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev d . Doct r . Lathrop. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraphs of a Resolve of the General Court for choosing 
one Representative in the Congress of the United States for the 
District of Suffolk read 

The Inhabitants were informed that the Poll would be closed at 
half past 10 O'Clock. 

Persons voted for as Representative for the Suffolk District in 
this Commonwealth in the next Congress of the United States, 
viz, 

Hon 1 . Artemus Ward Esq r . - - - - 1112 
Daniel Sargent Esq r . - ... 1 

Andrew Richie Esq r . .... 2 

Joseph P. Bradlee 1 

James T. Austin 1 

W m . H. Sumner Esq 8 1 



1118. 

And declaration made thereof by the Selectmen in Publick 
Town Meeting 

A return of the doings of this Meeting was made out (con- 
formable to the printed direction of the General Court) and 
forwarded by the Town Clerk to the Office of the Secretary of 
the Commonwealth, as the Law directs. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



1815. 

[38.] At a Meeting of the Male Citizens of the Town of 
Boston qualified as the law directs, held at Faneuil Hall on Mon- 
day the 13 th . day of March A D 1815 10 O'Clock A. M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . Doct r . Baldwin 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Law respecting the Election of Town officers read. 



24 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Hon 1 . John Phillips Esq r . was chosen Moderator. 

Thomas Clark was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensuing 
and the oath of office was administered to him by the Moderator. 

Jonathan Hunnewell Robert Williams 

Joseph Foster Elisha Ticknor 

Joseph Lovering Josiah Bachelder 

Joseph Austin Joseph Tilden and 

Jacob Hiler Esq. 
were chosen Selectmen for the year ensuing. 

Adjourned to Thursday next 10 O'Clock A M. 

[39.] Thursday March 16 th . 1815. 
The Town met according to adjournment. 

The Gentlemen chosen Selectmen on Monday last having 
declined accepting the appointment 

The following Gentlemen were appointed a Committee, at the 
request of the Moderator, to assist him in receiving, sorting & 
counting the Votes for Selectmen viz 

Arnold Welles Joseph Coolidge jun r . 

Nathan Webb John Wood and 

Benj". Smith Andrew Sigourney Esquires 
Benj". Russell 

The Inhabitants were then requested to bring in their votes for 
nine Selectmen for the year ensuing The votes being received 
sorted & counted, it appeared that the following Gentlemen had 
a majority of all the votes given in & were declared Elected by 
the Moderator, viz. 

Charles Bulfinch Joseph Lovering 

Ebenezer Oliver Joseph Austin 

Jonathan Hunnewell Robert Williams and 

Joseph Foster Edmund Hart Esquires 

Benjamin Weld 
Adjourned tomorrow morning 10 O'Clock. 

[4O.] Friday March 17 th . 
Met according to adjournment. 

Seven of the Gentlemen elected Selectmen appeared & took 
their seats, M r . Lovering & M r . Hart were absent 

M r . Bulfinch having addressed the Moderator & declared 
acceptance of the office to which he had been elected. The 
Moderator administered the oath to him & the six other Select- 
men present wereupon it was moved & voted unanimously, 



BOSTON TOWN RECOEDS, 1815. 25 

that the address of Charles Bulfinch Esq r ., declaring his accept- 
ance as a member of the Board of Selectmen for the year en- 
suing, & prior to his taking the oath of office, be published in all 
the News papers printed in the Town of Boston. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to Nathan Webb 
Esq r . for his faithful services as one of the Selectmen for seven 
years past. 

William Smith William Mackay 

William Phillips Joseph Coolidge Jun r . 

Bedford Webster Joseph Richards 

Thomas Perkins Jonathan Phillips 

Sam 1 . Snelling Samuel May and 

Ozias Goodwin Jacob Hall Esquires 

were elected Overseers of the Poor, and Overseers of the Work 

house for the year ensuing 

[41.] Voted, that the thanks of the Town be given to Bry- 
ant P. Tilden & Ephraim Eliot Esq rs ., for their faithful services 
as Overseers of the Poor for several years past. 

Thomas Melvill Samuel M. Thayer 

And w . Cunningham Joseph Tilden 

John Winslow Joseph Austin 

Stephen Codman Joseph Levering 

Jonathan Hunnewell Benj a . Rich 

Daniel Messenger Gedney King 

William Sullivan Francis J Oliver 

Benj a . Smith William Harris 

Nath 1 . Curtis John D Williams 

Edward Cruft John Winslow Jun r . 

James Phillips Jonathan Loring and 

Nathan Webb John Mackay Esquires 
were chosen Firewards for the year ensuing. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to Bryant P. 
Tilden and George Blanchard Esquires for their faithfuUservices 
as Firewards for several years past. 

Voted, That in Addition to the Selectmen twelve [42] persons 
shall now be chosen a School Committee ; and the votes being 
collected it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen 
viz 

Rev* 1 . Charles Lowell Charles Davis 

Rev d . Horace Holley John Heard jun r . 

Rev d . Samuel Cary Peter O. Thacher 

Doct r . Aaron Dexter William Smith 

Doct r . Thomas Welsh Francis J. Oliver and 

Docf. John C. Warren William Welles Esquires 



26 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Voted, That the abovenamed Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are termed the School Committee, be and hereby 
are directed to carry the system of Education adopted by the 
Town into operation ; and that said Committee be also authorized 
and empowered conjunctly to manage & regulate the Government 
of the Schools ; and to execute all the powers relative to the 
Schools & School Masters which the Selectmen or such Committees 
are authorized by the Laws of the Commonwealth or by votes of 
the Town to exercise. 

Mess rs . Benjamin White Noah Dogget 

John Cogswell Bradock Loring 

William Clouston Thomas Christie 

William Ellison William Green 
Nath 1 . Bradlee 

[43.] Eleazer Homer Richard Thayer 

Joseph Stodder Edw d . J. Robbins 

Allen Bowker Henry Blake 

William Ellison jun r . Joseph Tucker and 

Nath 1 . Glover Moses Ayres Jun r . 
John Howe jun r . 

were chosen Surveyors of Boards and other Lumber for the year 

ensuing. 

Mess rs . Henry Purkit Nath 1 . Howe and 

John Smith Benjamin Clark 

were chosen cullers of Hoops and Staves. 

Mess rs . Thomas Barbour John Smith 

Nath 1 . Howe Benj a . Owen 

Benj. Clark James Brown 

Gershom Spear William J. Hammatt and 

Charles Pook Thomas Lambord 
John Bannister 

were chosen cullers of Dry Fish 

Mess 18 . Benjamin White 

Nathaniel Bradlee and 
^ William Ellison 

were chosen Fence Viewers. 

Mess. Barney Sloan, Joseph Champney, Joseph Selaway & 
Samuel Spear (for South Boston) were chosen Hogreeves and 
Haywwards. 

[44.] Samuel Emmons, and 

James Phillips Esquires, 
were chosen Surveyors of Hemp. 

Edward Tuckerman and 
Josiah Snelling Esquires, 
were chosen Surveyors of Wheat. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1815. 27 

Mess 1 " 8 . John Wells and 
Richard Austin, 
were Chosen Assay Masters 

The Selectmen were chosen Surveyors of Highway. 

Mess. Michael Homer, 

Francis James, and 
Samuel Sprague, 
were chosen Inspectors of Lime. 

Neddy Curtis, 
chosen Pound Keeper. 

Votes for a Treasurer for the County of Suffolk were re- 
ceived by the Moderator & Town Clerk ; when it appeared that 
there were one hundred & forty -five Votes for John Winslow Esq r . 

Voted, That Stephen Codman, Francis J. Oliver & John 
Osborn Esquires be and hereby are appointed a Committee to 
audit the Accounts of the Town Treasurer, and also those of the 
Overseers of the Poor & Workhouse, and the Board of Health. 
And said Committee are directed to report the sum necessary to 
be raised for the services of the present year. 

[45.] Voted That the consideration of all Money matters 
be reffered to the May Meeting. 

Voted That the thanks of the Town be given to the Hon 1 . 
John Phillips Esquire, for his services as Moderator of this Meet- 
ing. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Male [nhabitants of the Town of Boston 
of twenty one years of age and upwards, qualified as the Con- 
stitution prescribes & legally warned & Assembled at Faneuil 
Hall on Monday the 3 d day of April A. D. 1815. 9 O'Clock 
A. M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . M r . Channing. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or Frame of Government, 
relative to the choice of Governour, Lietenant Governour & 
Senators read. 

Law of the Commonwealth dividing the State into districts for 
the choice of Senators & Counsellors read. 



28 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

[t was then declared by the Selectmen, that no printed vote 
would be received, & that the votes should be put into the Box 
unfolded. 

[t was afterwards declared that the Poll should be closed at 
2 OClock and that the Bells to begin tolling at half past 
One O'Clock. 

Persons voted for as Governour with the 
[46] number of votes for each person viz 

His Exc y . Caleb Strong 3135 

Hon 1 . Samuel Dexter - - - - - 1439 

John Holmes 1. Geo. Cabot 1. - - - 2 

Henry Dearborn 1. Enos Cobb 2. - - 3 



4579 

Persons voted for as Lieutenant Governour, with the number of 
votes for each person viz. 

His Honour William Phillips 3151 

Hon 1 . William Gray 1427 

Joseph B. Varnum Esq r . 1 



4579 

Persons voted for as Senators for the District of Suffolk, with 

the number of votes for each person viz. 

Hon 1 . John Phillips 3157 

Hon 1 . Harrison G. Otis 3122 

Hon 1 . Josiah Quincy 3088 

Hon 1 . Thomas H. Perkins - - - - 3130 
Jonathan Hunnewell Esq r . .... 3126 

Richard Sullivan Esq r . 3135 

Samuel Brown Esq r . - 1396 

Russell Sturgis Esq r . 1392 

William Little 1388 

Jesse Putnam 1386 

Thomas K. Jones - - - - - . - 1403 

D r . William Ingalls 1380 

Andrew Ritchie 18. Jos. Hall 16. 
Caleb Bingham 9. Jon a . Mason 5. 
James Lloyd 5. Sam 1 . Cobb 11. 
John C. Jones 5. W m . Sullivan 2. 
Benj. Austin 2. Horace HolleyS. 
John Wells 4. Caleb Loring 7. 
William Parsons 2. Ja 8 . Loring 2. 
Peter C. Brooks 2. W m . Tudor f. 1. 

[47.] Charles Davis 1. G. Cabot 1. 

J. T. Austin 3. Sylv r . Gray 1. 
David Townsend 1. B. Russell 1. 
John Tilden 1. Benj. Rand 1. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1815. 29 

Artemus "Ward 1. Tris Barnard 1. 
Tho 8 . Baldwin 1. Alex r . H. Everret 1. 
James Prince 1. W m . R. Gray 1. 
Dan 1 . Sargent 1. Will. Brown 1. 
Isr 1 . Thorndike 1. 8am 1 Everret 1. 
John Lathrop 1. Aaron Hill 1. 
Josiah Snelling 1. Tim . Wiggin 1. 

Attested Copies or return of the Persons voted for as G-overnour, 
Lieutenant Governour, and Senators for the District of Suffolk 
sealed up in open Town Meeting after the vote had been declared, 
to be transmitted to the Secretary of the Commonwealth as pre- 
scribed by Law, & directed as follows viz, 

To Alden Bradford Esq r . 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

Votes of the Town of Boston for Governour and Lieutenant 
Governour, sealed up in open Town Meeting. 

Also for Six Senators for the District of Suffolk, directed in 
the same manner. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[48.] At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston of twenty years of age and upwards, qualified as the 
Constitution prescribes, at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 18 th day 
of May A D 1815 10 O'Clock A. M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . Doct r . Gardner. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraphs of the Constitution relating to the choice of Repre- 
sentatives, & the Law of the Commonwealth regulating Elections 
read. 

The return of the Assistant Assessors signifying that the 
major & minor polls of this Town were 8146 being also read 
The Inhabitants were directed to bring in their votes for Repre- 
sentatives not exceeding Thirty six 

Votes were received by the Selectmen untill one O'Clock, when 
they declared the Poll to be closed. 

Upon sorting & counting the votes it appeared that the whole 
number given in was 571 necessary to make a choice 286. 



30 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

The following thirty six Gentlemen had a Majority of all the 
votes, and were declared to be duly elected Representatives for 
the year ensuing, viz. 

Mess". William Smith Stephen Codman 

James Robinson Benjamin Russell 

[49.] Charles Davis Richard Faxon 

Benjamin Whitman Henry Sargent 

William Hammatt Thomas Barry 

William H. Sumner William Harris, Benj a . 
George G. Lee Gorham 

Nathaniel Curtis Andrew Ritchie Jun r . 

Thacher Goddard John Howe of Ward 
Samuel Dunn N. 12. 

John D. Howard John Bellows 

Lynde Walter Israel Thorndike Jun r . 

Jonathan Loring Josiah Bachelder 

Jonathan Whitney Benjamin West, W m . Sturgis 

Joseph Pierce William Tudor jun r . 

Samuel J. Prescott George Sullivan 

Andrew Sigourney Charles P. Phelps and 

Ephraim Thayer Nathan Appleton 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[5O.] At a Meeting of the Male Citizens of the Town of 
Boston duly qualified & legally warned held at Faneuil Hall on 
Monday the 29 th day of May A D 1815 10 O'Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Benjamin Weld, Esquire 
chosen Moderator. 

Edward Tuckerman 
Joshua Davis 
William Hammatt 
Peter O. Thacher 
Thomas Dawes and 
William Dall Esquires, 
were chosen Trustees of Neck lands. 

Neddy Curtis, was chosen a Hogreeve for South Boston the 
year ensuing. 

The following Gentlemen were chosen Inspectors of the Markets 
for the year ensuing. 

Mess re . Thomas Badger - - - Ward N. 1 
Samuel Hichborn - - " 2 

Turrell Tuttle - - - - " 3 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1815. 31 

Enoch Patterson ... Ward N. 4 

William Tileston - - - " 5 

George W. Otis - - - " 6 

John P. Thorndike - - " 7 

Caleb Hayward - - - " 8 

Isaac P. Simpson - - " 9 

Joseph Allen - - - - " 10 

John Roulston - - - " 11 

Samuel Sprague - - - " 12 

The Committee of Finance made a Report which was read and 
ordered to be printed, & the further consideration of the same 
referred to the 12 June next. 

[51.] The Article in the Warrant respecting Tythingmen was 
referred to next March Meeting. 

Upon the representation & exhibition of the doings and pro- 
ceedings of Andrew Sigourney Esquire Treasurer & Collector of 
Taxes of the Town of Boston the last year. 

Voted, That the Town of Boston highly approve of the con- 
duct of said Andrew Sigourney Esquire in the said offices of 
Treasurer & Collector, and that he has faithfully & fully as was 
in his power completed the execution of his duty in said offices to 
which he has been appointed as aforesaid, and that he be excused 
from all delinquincy or default in not having effected the full & 
complete settlement of the taxes by him to have been received or 
collected according to Law. 

Voted That the Selectmen be, and they hereby are em- 
powered, to enter into such engagements with the proprietors of 
certain lots of land on Boston neck, granted by the Town April 
30 th . 1785 ; respect- [ing] the repairs & future maintenance of the 
Street in front of their lots, as they shall consider for the 
interest and benefit of the Town. 

Voted That Peter O. Thacher Esq r . be constituted & appointed 
Agent, in behalf of the Town ; to enter upon any of said lots for 
condition broken, & in behalf of the Town, prosecute any action 
or actions against any or all of the grantees of said lots, or either 
of them, their heirs or Assigns for the breach of any covenant or 
condition [52] entered into and made by them or either of them 
with said Town ; and to compound compromise & agree with 
them or either of them. 

Also that said Agent be empowered to repair said street or any 
part thereof under the direction of the Selectmen, and to recover 
of said grantees or either of them their proportion of the expences 
thereof, according to their covenants and agreements or any thing 
contained in their deed or deeds, 



32 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Adjourned to Monday the 12 th . day of June next to meet at 
10 O'Clock A M. 



At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, held 
at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 7 th . day of June A D 1815 
10 O'Clock A M. 

Warrant for calling the meeting read. 
Stephen Codman Esq r . Moderator. 

The petition of a great number of the Inhabitants " That the 
Town would take into consideration the expediency of applying 
to the Legislature for an act incorporating the Town of Boston, 
and establishing therein a Constitution or frame of Government 
similar to such as exist [53] in other great cities was read 
and after considerable debate it was 

Voted, That a Committee from each ward of two persons be 
appointed to take into consideration the expediency of making an 
alteration in the Municipal Government of the Town, and to 
collect such information, relative to the charters of other cities in 
the United States as may be in their power and to prepare and 
report a system of Municipal Government to be adopted by the 
town, or such improvements in the present system as may be 
thought best. 

Voted, That the Selectmen notify the inhabitants in each Ward 
to meet on Wednesday the 21 8t instant at 4 O Clock P. M. to 
choose two persons in each Ward agreeable to the foregoing vote. 

The Committee to be chosen as above directed, are to apply to 
the Selectmen to call a Town meeting when they are ready to 
report. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[54.] At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of Bos- 
ton, held by adjournment from the 29 th . Ultimo at Faneuil Hall 
on Monday the 12 th . day of June A. D. 1815 10 O'Clock A. M. 

Third Annual Report 

of the 
Committee of Finance. 

The Committee of Finance, of the Town of Boston, composed 
of the Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor, and Board of Health, 
agreeably to the powers and instructions received from the Town, 
have examined the accounts of the Treasurer & Collector for the 
past year and report as follows. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1815. 



33 



That there has been received on account of back 
taxes -- 

And of taxes of 1814 to May 20 th . 1815 - ... 
Amount of abatements on 1814 tax ----- 



The amount of Warrants for taxes of 1814 were 
State tax ------- 

County tax - - 

Town tax .--*-.-. 



But the amount assessed with the addition allowed 
by Law to anticipate probable abatements, was 
Sum collected and abated - 

Leaving ballance uncollected 



4582.26 

I27~,870.30 
8358.60 

$136228.90 



20,681.33 
26,788.85 
89,000 



$136,470.18 

$142,285.10 
136,228.90 

$6,056.20 



The Committee in exhibiting this deficiency in the Collection 
between the first of October and 20 th . of May, feel confident [55] 
that the Town will not impute any neglect to the Treasurer & 
Collector nor any unwarrantable remissness on the part of the 
Citizens ; when the peculiar hardships and stagnation of Business 
of the past year are considered. It has been with the advice of 
the Committee, that the Collector has forborne to urge the settle- 
ment of the above with the rigour of the Law : the property of 
many of the persons owing the above balance is so circumstanced, 
that if pressed, the whole must have been abated ; but the Treas- 
urer is of opinion that $4000 may be collected of the outstanding 
taxes, and considered in this years estimate. 

The following is a Statement of the Towns Debts and Credits. 
D r . TOWN OF BOSTON. C r . 



On State tax - - 10000. 

County tax - - - 23806.09 

due to Banks - - 32500. 

Private Notes - - 30000.07 

M re . Brookers do- 
nation interest p d . 
annually for sick 
and Widows - - 1230. 

J. Bradlee for Oil - 8346.62 

Drafts unpaid - - 400.09 

$106282.87 
Unliquidated Acco te . 5700. 

$111982.87 



By Notes for Land 12163.78 
Due for State Poor 7000. 
taxes receivable - 4000. 



Cash in the Treasu y . 



23163.78 
24932.25 



$48096.03 



34 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

The foot of the Account Current of the Town last 

year was 119528.32 

The above Statement the present year shows it to 

be 111982.87 



And exhibits the Amount of debt reduced - - - $7545.45 



The amount of outstanding debts was - - - - $70000. 
Which being reduced this year by ------ 7545.45 

Leaves the present actual debt 62454.55 



[56.] The Committee have found that their recommendation 
of a reduction of the debt of 14000 dollars p annum, could not 
be carried into full effect, owing to unusual expences that have 
arisen in consequence of the War; and also owing to the ad- 
vanced price of oil and other articles for Towns use, from the 
same cause. 

They feel gratified that in the peculiar circumstances of the 
times, the debt has not been increased but diminished 7545 
dollars. 

They recommend in addition to a provision of 14000 dollars 
sinking fund this year, that 7000 dollars be added, to make up 
the deficiency of the last year. This system being steadily 
pursued will discharge the debt in four years. 

The demand on the Town being as above stated - $111982.87 

add thereto for current expences of the year, 
Selectmen 60000 Overseers 25000 Board of 

Health 6000 91000. 

Amount of State tax 24000. 

D. County tax 22000. 

The interest on outstanding debts deferred - - - 3017.13 



The whole amount to be provided for $252000.00 

From which deduct three Installments of old debt") 

each of 14000 dollars to be paid in three ' 42000. 

succeeding years ----------) 

$210000. 



To be provided for as follows ; 

From money in the Treasury 24932.25 

Notes for Land &c falling due 12163.78 

From Commonwealth for Poor 13000. 

Rents as received last year - 11000. 

Taxes receivable outstanding 4000. 

$65096.3 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1815. 35 

[57.] Brought forward .- - $65096.3 

Amount assessed for State tax ------- 24000. 

D. for County tax 22000. 

D. for Town Tax 75000 

For Installment of debt 21000 

For Interest on deffered D. - - 2903.97 

98,903.97 



$210,000. 

The Committee have thus endeavored to condense the substance 
of the Treasurers accounts, and to present to the Town as they 
were directed to do, " a clear and well defined statement of their 
monied concerns." They renewedly express their satisfaction in 
the order and method pursued by the Treasurer and Collector ; 
and in being able to inform the Town, that every demand from 
every individual has been discharged on the orders passed by the 
Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor, and Board of Health, except 
only 400 dollars which have not been called for : such punctuality 
and promptness of payment cannot fail to raise the credit of the 
Town Treasurer, and to enable the Boards, who have the expen- 
diture of the public Money, to obtain their work and supplies on 
the most favourable terms. 

The Committee respectfully report, that the Town should vote 
a tax of ninety nine thousand dollars, for the current expences 
of the year, and for the payment of the second installment of the 
deferred debt. 

Respectfully submitted, 
By order of the Committee of Finance 
May 29 th . 1815. Charles Bulfinch, Chairman. 

[58.] The foregoing Report was accepted And 
Voted, That the sum of ninety nine thousand dollars be raised 
by a Tax on the Polls and Estates of the Inhabitants of the 
Town, to defray the expences of the Town the present year & to 
discharge part of the deferred debt. 

Voted That the further sum of ten thousand dollars be 
assessed, to cover any deficiency that may arise from abatements, 
or errors in assessing the taxes. 

The following Report was received from the Auditors of the 
Towns Accounts, & the Treasurers Account referred to in the 
Report, is on file. 

We the Subscribers, appointed a Committee to audit the ac- 
counts of the Town Treasurer, agreeably to a vote passed by the 
town of Boston on the 17 th . day of March 1815. have performed 
that service and have received from Andrew Sigourney Esq r ., the 



36 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Treasurer, the aforegoing account, which the Committee have 
examined and find the same right cast and well vouched, and 
that there results a balance of twenty four thousand, nine hun- 
dred thirty two Dollars, twenty five cents, in the hands of the 
Treasurer ; belonging to the Town. 
Boston 22 d . May 1815. 

Stephen Codman ) 

Francis J. Oliver > Auditors. 

John Osborn _) 

[59.] Voted, That the sum of seven hundred & fifty dollars 
be allowed and paid unto Hon 1 . Thomas Dawes Esq r ., for his 
Salary as Judge of the Municipal Court the ensuing year. 

Voted That there be allowed & paid the sum of One 
thousand Dollars unto Thomas Clark Town Clerk, as his salary 
for the year ensuing. 

Voted, That there be allowed & paid unto each of the Assessors, 
the sum of Eight hundred and sixteen dollars each for their ser- 
vices the present year. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid unto Andrew Sigourney 
Esquire, the sum of three Thousand Dollars, in full for his ser- 
vices as Town Treasurer and Collector of taxes, for Clerk hire 
and all expences in the delivery of tax bills and collection of 
taxes. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[6O.] At a Convention of the Boards of Selectmen, Over- 
seers of the Poor & Board of Health, of the Town of Boston, 
held [in] Faneuil Hall on Monday the 26 day of June A.D. 1815 - 
4 o'Clock P.M. 

Present a Majority of each Board. 

Voted to proceed to the choice of a Town Treasurer for the 
year ensuing, and that Mess rs . Jacob Hall & Darius Boardman 
be a Committee to collect, sort and count the votes. 

The Committee reported that the whole number of votes for a 
Town Treasurer were 21 and that Andrew Sigourney Esq r . was 
unanimously chosen. 

The Convention proceeded to the choice of a Collector of 
Taxes for the present year, and Andrew Sigourney Esq r . was 
unanimously elected. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1815. 37 

Mess rs . Oliver, Perkins and Whitman were appointed a Com- 
mitte to qualify the Treasurer & Collector, by taking two bonds 
for twenty thousand dollars each & having the Oath of office 
administered to him. 

Jonathan Hunnewell & Benjamin [blank] Esquires were ap- 
proved as Bondsmen for the Treasurer & Collector. 

Then the Convention was Dissolved. 



[61.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other [nhabitants 
of the Town of Boston at Faneuil Hall the 4 th . day of July 
A. D. 1815 10 O'Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 
Thomas Clark was chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed the last year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Indepen- 
dence Reported, That they had chosen Lemuel Shaw Esq r . who 
had accepted the appointment. 

Adjourned to meet at the Old South Church at 12 O'Clock M. 

Met at the Old South Church where an Oration was delivered 
by Lemuel Shaw Esquire to commemorate the Independence of 
the United States of America. 

Voted That the Selectmen be, and hereby are appointed a 
Committee to wait on Lemuel Shaw Esq r ., in the name of the 
Town & thank him for the elegant & spirited Oration this day 
delivered by him at the request of the Town, upon the anniver- 
sary of American Independence, in which were considered the 
feelings, manners, & principles which produced the great national 
event, and the important and happy effects, general & domestic, 
which have already or will forever flow from that auspicious 
epoch ; and to request of him a copy for the press. 

[6*4.] Voted That the Gentlemen Selectmen be and hereby 
are appointed a Committee to apply to some able & learned 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 4 th . day of July 1816. 
That day being the anniversary of the Independence of the 
United States of America ; wherein the Orator is to consider the 
feelings, manners, & principles which led to this great national 
event, as well as the important and happy effects, whether general 
or domestic, which have already, or will forever flow from that 
auspicious Epoch. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



38 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

At a legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, 
held at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 5 th . day of October A.D. 
1815 10 O'Clock A.M. 

Jonathan Hunnewell Esquire, chosen Moderator. 

This Meeting was called upon the application of a number of 
the Inhabitants, " That the Town would take measures to supply 
each member of the militia with provisions for two days, at 
the inspection & review ordered at Dedham on the 10 th , & 11 th . 
instant, & also to furnish a sufficient number of waggons to trans- 
port the tents & baggage." 

The application together with a communication from the Select- 
men on the same subject being read. 

It was moved & Voted, That the Selectmen be desired to con- 
fer with the Lieu*. Colonels commanding [63] the three Regi- 
ments of the Boston Brigade, & the Brigade Quartermaster ; to 
ascertain from them the number of men who will be on duty, at 
the ensuing inspection and review ; and that they be authorized 
& empowered to furnish, at the expense of the Town, suitable 
rations for two days, to all the non-commissioned officers and 
men who may be actually on duty; and such a number of 
Waggons as shall be necessary for tents, straw & baggage. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a legal meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 16 th . day of October A.D. 
1815 10 O'Clock A. M. 

Warrant calling the Meeting read. 
Hon ble . John Phillips Esq r . chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration the expedi- 
ency of making an alteration in the municipal government of the 
Town, having performed the duty enjoined upon them by their 
fellow citizens ask leave to present the result of their delibera- 
tions in the form of a Bill, which they recommend the Repre- 
sentatives of the town should be instructed to obtain to be 
enacted as nearly as possible, by the General Court. 

[64.] Your Committee have adopted this mode as the most 
simple and as being likely to be the most satisfactory, inasmuch 
as it presents to the town the precise form, which the alterations, 
if adopted, will ultimately assume, and will thus give a more clear 
idea of the nature of them, than would probably result from any 
other course. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1815. 39 

In relation to the principles of those alterations, which the 
Bill here presented contemplates, the committee ask leave to state, 
that being aware of the difficult nature of the subject submitted 
to their consideration, they have limited their endeavours to the 
attainment of such practical alterations, as utility seemed to sug- 
gest, and to which the wishes of the immediate petitioners seemed 
directed. They have therefore not proposed any general altera- 
tions in the established constitution, any farther than was neces- 
sary to effect the advantages sought, consistent with the 
preservation of all the boards which do now, and have so long, 
with so much honour to the respective members of those boards 
and so much benefit to the town, presided over its concerns. 
The Selectmen, the Board of Overseers of the Poor, and the 
Board of Health will be preserved as they now exist, except so 
far as they may be affected by those alterations your Committee 
have deemed it advisable to propose. 

[65.] A course of this kind seemed not only the wisest; but 
in a measure rendered necessary, by the general relations, which 
the town of Boston bears to the other towns in the Common- 
wealth. The forms of proceeding of those boards are settled 
and familiar to all our citizens ; their relations to one another are 
well defined and understood, their existence is associated with 
our habits and our affections. 

By attempting to change all these in conformity to some 
chosen or theoretic model of City government ; little advantage 
would be gained and much would be lost from the natural appre- 
hensions which all men have of the effect of entirely novel 
arrangements upon their great interests. The result of -the 
opinion of your committee not to supersede any of the existing 
Boards has been strengthened by the consideration that a board 
of Selectmen is rendered necessary by the letter of the consti- 
tution in every town in this commonwealth. Indeed the very 
name of town, associated with certain municipal proceedings is 
also rendered necessary by the terms of that instrument. So 
that the continuance of that board with its present name and 
with many of its present powers, is unadvoidable. 

With respect the overseers of the Poor and the board of Health, 
any attempt to change their constitution seemed less advisable, 
inasmuch [66] as the powers exercised and the duties per- 
formed by them are often exercised, even in cities regularly 
organized by bodies of Commissioners in effect but little differing 
from independent boards. For these reasons your committee 
have deemed it expedient to propose only such modification of 
the municipal powers as should in each instance, have a distinct 
object, the advantage of which might be demonstrated. 

In contemplating in this light, the various powers exercised 
within the town, your committee could not refrain from being 
affected with very sensible pleasure at perceiving how few modifi- 
cations were necessary, in the frame of the existing town consti- 
tution, in order to secure for the citizens all the advantages they 



40 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

could hope from the most formal city organization. Some of 
these were indeed of an important character. But as it respects 
the great mass of the requisite powers, they were already so 
arranged and deposited, as to leave little to wish or expect from 
any alteration in them. 

In the first place, the Judiciary authority exercised within the 
town, consisting of a Court of common Pleas, and a Municipal 
Court embraces, within the sphere of their jurisdiction all the 
powers of that nature, and in a form as select and advantageous 
as any other arrangement could offer, or which might be devised. 

In most cities, these powers are in part, or in [67] whole, 
exercised by the mayor, or chief executive offices of the city. 
But there seems to be no particular advantage in thus combining 
the chief executive and judicial powers in one officer. And in 
the actual state of the feelings and habits of the citizens of 
Boston, it is probable that a scheme of municipal government, 
which should keep the executive and judiciary powers, exercised 
within the town, in distinct hands, would be more satisfactory to 
them, than an arrangement, which should deposit both in the 
hands of a single individual. Should the chief executive of 
our city be vested with judiciary powers, his appointment 
by the executive of the state, under the provisions of our 
state constitution, would be inevitable. It seems however, 
desirable that this officer should be connected with the inhabi- 
tants of our city by ties, less independent than would result 
from his appointment by the executive of the state. To the mass 
of his fellow citizens he ought, at least immediately, to owe his 
election. To them, or to that body whom they may choose in 
this case to represent them, such an officer ought to be bound by 
all that sense of responsibility, which naturally results from the 
consciousness of his being indebted to their suffrages for his elec- 
tion. The system which your committee propose contains there- 
fore no change in judiciary powers now exercised within the town, 
except so far as relates to the selection of three Justices, and the 
establishment of a Police Court. [68] In forming this Court, 
however, it will be perceived, that it is not proposed to interfere 
with the existing powers of a Justice of Peace, but that the powers 
of the Police Court should be co-extensive and concurrent with 
those of Justices of the peace. It is not proposed to authorise 
any preference to be exercised among the acting Justices ; but 
that each in his turn should act as a member of the Police Court. 
The great advantage contemplated by this arrangement is, that in 
a court consisting of three members, acting under the authority 
of the government of the town, in a publick place, and subject to 
the concourse of all the citizens, more order, regularity, correct- 
ness and uniformity of proceeding would result, than from a court 
holden by a single Justice in a private room, without any respon- 
sibility, but what is of the most general nature. It is known that 
great complaints of abuses of their authority by justices of the 
peace have at all times existed : And without meaning to sane- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1815. 41 

tion the idea, that these complaints have been in all or in many 
cases well founded your committee have deemed it expedient if 
possible to give the justices of the peace an opportunity to exer- 
cise their offices in a manner more publick and responsible, and 
which, without interfering with their emoluments as on the scheme 
proposed, those of the police court would be equally shared by 
all, would give greater weight & dignity to their office, [69] and 
proceedings. In examining the present constituted authorities 
of the town with reference to improvements in their organization 
and powers of which they were deemed susceptible, your com- 
mittee have considered that something would be gained by en- 
larging for merely municipal purposes, the number proposed, the 
number of which the superintending board at present consists, 
and causing the election of their additional numbers to be made 
in the respective wards and not by the town at large. This 
would secure for the superintending board more local knowledge 
& responsibility than at present exist in it : The inhabitants of 
each ward, most distinguished for their acquaintance with its par- 
ticular interests would be thus probably selected for this office, 
and thus the greatest assurance would result that the interest of 
every ward would be duly considered : An assurance which would 
not result from election from any general ticket, in which the 
wishes of each ward cannot be distinctly attained, inasmuch as 
the whole election is controuled by the result of the general voice. 

The first specific alteration proposed by your committee, is that 
leaving the election of Selectmen to depend upon the general 
voice, as at present regulated by law, that two delegates shall be 
chosen at the respective ward Meetings in April, and these 
together with the Selectmen, should constitute the superintending 
board, in which should be invested all the powers relative to the 
town [7O] interests and management of its concerns, except 
such as are vested exclusively in the board of Selectmen by the 
constitution of the state. 

The next alteration proposed by the committee, relates to the 
chief executive of the town, the executive power eflciently exists 
at present in a superintendent of police, who is chosen by the 
Selectmen out of their own body & receiving a salary dependent 
upon their discretion and responsible solely to them ; Relative to 
this officer your committee recommend that he should hereafter 
be elected by a convention to be held annually by the board of 
Selectmen and delegates, the board of overseers of the poor 
and the board of health. It will be unnecessary for the 
committee to dilate on the advantages to be anticipated 
from such an organization, as the Selectmen and overseers 
of the poor are elected by the general voice of the town. 
The board of health & delegates by the voice of the wards. 
It seems impossible for any greater security to result for a 
wise selection of the superintending executive officer, one, in 
which general and local influences and" wishes would be more 
likely to be consulted, than what would result from an election 



42 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

made by a body composed of men thus chosen. This officer 
your committee have proposed should be called "The Intendant" 
a name borne by the officer in the same station in the city of 
Charleston South Carolina, and implying the duties which he is 
to execute. Except in the particulars above [71] mentioned 
your committee have not deemed it necessary to propose any 
alteration in the organization of the town government. They 
have however proposed that the corporate name should be " The 
Intendant and Municipality of the Town and City of Boston." 
They have been induced to suggest this alteration for the pur- 
pose of expressing truly and distinctly the nature of the corpora- 
tion, which will be in effect, the union of town and city authorities 
in one general government or municipality. For reasons men- 
tioned in a preceeding part of this report the names of " Town," 
"Town Clerk," " Selectmen" are made so essential by the pro- 
visions of the state constitution, as that they are for certain pur- 
poses specified in it, absolutely indispensable. Under the pro- 
posed system town meetings will continue to be held and all 
questions relative to our political rights & interests to be dis- 
cussed in them : A course of proceedings happily as inseparable 
from the genius of our constitution as it is justly dear to the 
affections of our citizens. The name of "City" is added, 
because the delegation of powers & the organization of the gov- 
ernment will be that of a city, with the names of its officers 
accomodated to our circumstances and habits. Besides, your 
committee find that a very great number of our citizens wish that 
the name of city should be adopted; being of opinion, that this 
name has an effect to raise the rank of a place in the estimation 
of foreigners, and it will be better adapted than the name of 
town to express the real standing [72] compared with the other 
cities of the United States. The learning, intelligence, wealth, 
numbers, enterprise & public spirit of Boston entitle it in the 
opinion of your committee to the highest discriminating appela- 
tion universally given to their most distinguished places, by the 
practice of all European nations 

The other alteration proposed by your committee relates chiefly 
to the powers exercised by the municipality. 

By the fundamental laws of this commonwealth ' ' The inhabi- 
tants of every town within the government are declared to be a 
body politic and corporate." Each town has powers of self 
government, to make bye laws, raise money, and execute any 
measures within the town, which the majority of the inhabitants 
shall consider for their benefit or advantage ; conforming them- 
selves always to the general laws and constitution of the com- 
monwealth. This organization of towns is the most free that 
can be imagined; and while the inhabitants are not very numer- 
ous their affairs may be conducted with convenience and sufficient 
safety in this simple mode ; but when the inhabitants become, 
very numerous, especially in sea ports, the experience of our 
country as well as that of all the nations of Europe, has pointed 
out the necessity of a corresponding change. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1815. 43 

In such large communities of people, it is impossible that all 
the individuals of which they [73] are composed, should be well 
acquainted with the principles on which depend the prosperous 
conduct of the monied concerns of a corporation, and with those 
other subjects of internal regulation, by which the prosperity of a 
city is increased, and by which it is best enabled to encourage 
& protect the industry of its own citizens. If all the inhabitants 
of such town assemble, it is obvious that business cannot be 
well transacted by so numerous a body, liable as it always must 
be, to be swayed by local views, party feelings, or the interests 
of designing men : If the meetings be, as it most frequently will 
be, but thinly attended, those present must act as the represent- 
atives of the whole ; and it is very seldom, that men of the best 
intelligence and most capable of conducting publick business will 
leave their important private concerns to attend to affairs in 
which they have only a general interest ; It therefore unavoid- 
ably happens that the affairs of a large town are conducted by a 
very small number of persons, who represent and act for the 
whole, but who are not chosen by them, who do not possess 
their confidence and act under no, or a very slight responsi- 
bility. 

The necessity of a responsible representative system to the 
well management of the interests of all great bodies of men, is 
now so well understood and so universally acknowledged, that 
your committee forbear to dilate on them. Upon this principle 
depends the organization of the general and state governments, 
of all banking institutions, insurance and manufacturing com- 
panies and generally of [74] corporations of every kind; these' 
are all conducted by representatives or directors who act for the 
joint interest under general laws. The town of Boston itself has 
recently experienced the most decided benefit resulting from the 
choice of Treasurer & Collector by a convention of the Selectmen, 
Overseers of the Poor, and board of health, constituting a new 
proof if any were wanting, of the advantage to be derived from 
confiding in large communities, the management of public busi- 
ness to responsible bodies. 

The Committee also propose, that the superintendence of the 
concerns of the county should be transferred to the municipality 
The town and county in such event being the same, such an 
arrangement seems naturally to result : The affairs of both may 
thus in the apprehension of your committee be conducted with 
more uniformity and economy by one body than at present. A 
greater control over the expences would result ; and by a regular 
publication of the accounts they would be laid more open to the 
view of the citizens. 

The committee do not find that any important revenue is derived 
from licenses or internal taxes of an indirect kind in the principal 
cities of the United States : The expences of these cities are paid, 
as with us, by direct taxes and from the income of public property : 
The chief advantages they possess arise from the adoption & 
steady pursuit of wise plans of Finance & the disposal and [75] 



44 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

management of city property, by a responsible body, to whom 
these powers are delegated. To enable the town of Boston to 
realize similar advantages & thereby materially to improve the 
condition of its financial concerns, nothing more seems to be 
requisite than to adopt a similar system with that which prevails 
in those cities ; and which in the opinion of your committee the 
alterations they have proposed are well calculated to attain. 

The committee have also proposed that the municipality should 
have power to grant suitable privileges and immunities to asso- 
ciations of Mechanics, Artificers or Manufacturers within the 
town : This power however must necessarily be regulated by 
Constitution & Laws of the state, and can only effect those who 
voluntarily associate together. 

Your committee conceive that under such provision as they 
propose, regulations may be adopted for the benefit of this class 
of citizens, which will materially promote industry & the public 
good. 

The committee respectfully submit the result of their delibera- 
tions to the town and hope that it will be received with that 
candor, to which it is in some respect entitled, if from no other, 
at least from this consideration, that it is the work of men, called 
without any previous concert or knowledge of theirs, by the un- 
solicited voice of their fellow citizens to a task both delicate & 
difficult. Whatever decision the wisdom of the Inhabitants of 
the town shall finally make upon the report now offered for their 
consideration, your committee are clearly [76] of opinion, that 
it should not be made without deliberation and that every citizen 
should have an opportunity to examine the subject at his home 
and at his leisure, and shew his sentiments in a manner, which 
shall at once be the most satisfactory & the most likely to have 
weight with the Legislature to induce them to grant the prayer 
of the Town, in case the result should be in favour of the 
Report 

For this purpose, your Committee after expressing their earnest 
wishes for the prosperity ; increasing wealth and good order of 
the Metropolis and sincerely praying that their labours may even- 
tuate, as it is their humble belief should the principles proposed 
be adopted, that they will, in advancing all those great interests : 
ask leave to report the following vote for the adoption of their 
fellow Citizens 

Voted, that the Report & Bill this day presented to the town 
by the Committee appointed on the subject of taking into con- 
sideration the expediency of making an alteration in the Municipal 
Government of the town, be printed and distributed to every 
house, and that this meeting be adjourned unto the thirteenth day 
of November next, then to meet at this place at ten o'Clock in the 
forenoon, and that the Selectmen be requested to issue notifica- 
tions of such meeting in the usual form, notifying the inhabitants 
to come prepared to decide by ballot, by yea or nay in writing, 
on the acceptance of said Report. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1815. 45 

[77.] A Bill 

For the Government of the Town 

and City of 

Boston. 

Section 1 st . Be it enacted, by the Senate and house of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of 
the same. That the Selectmen of the Town annually chosen 
according to law, together with twenty four delegates & one In- 
tendant to be chosen as hereafter directed, shall be a body 
corporate & Politic with power in behalf of the Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, to sue and be sued, to plead and be impleaded, 
to make use [of] a common seal, & the same to alter or change at 
pleasure ; and shall be known by the title and stile of the Intend- 
ant ct* Municipality of the Town and City of Boston. 

Sec : 2 d . Be it further enacted, That the Inhabitants of the said 
Town & City qualified to vote for town officers, shall on the first 
Wednesday in April annually, meet in their respective Wards, 
and choose by Ballot, two persons freeholders in said Town & 
resident in the Ward for which they shall be chosen, who shall be 
denominated Delegates. The mode of proceeding in the choice 
and in case of a refusal to serve, shall be the same as is provided 
by law respecting the choice of members of the Board of Health : 
and the election of said Delegates shall have priority of any other 
business which may be before the respective Wards on the as- 
signed day of Meeting. 

[78.] Sec: 3 d . Be it further enacted, That the Selectmen and 
Delegates together with the Overseers of the Poor and Board of 
Health shall annually assemble within ten days after the Dele- 
gates shall have been chosen, and shall elect by joint Ballot, one 
suitable person who shall be called "Intendant" of the Town 
& City of Boston, and in case of Death or resignation of said 
Intendant the Boards above named shall proceed forthwith to fill 
the vacancy. Provided, that no person shall hold more than one 
of the offices of Delegate, member of the Board of Health or 
Overseer of the Poor, at the same time. 

Sec: 4 th . Be it further enacted, That the Intendant so chosen, 
shall be ex officio, Chairman of the Selectmen, he shall preside at 
the meetings of the Selectmen of the municipality, and of the 
School Committee ; all communications to those Boards, shall be 
made through him ; he shall attend daily in some central & pub- 
lic office, to receive the report of the Police officers, and the com- 
plaints and representations of Individuals and to direct prosecu- 
tions for the breaches of the laws. He shall have the general 
superintendence with the concurrence of the Selectmen, of the 
Police of the Town and City, and take care that the laws enacted 



46 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

for the general [good], are faithfully executed. He shall receive 
such salary as shall be judged adequate to his services by the 
municipality. 

Sec 5 th : Be it further enacted, That the Intendant and Munici- 
pality shall settle the rules & orders of proceedings of their meet- 
ings. They shall have power to make all such bye-laws & 
ordinances for the government of the Town & City & for the 
government of the Town & City & for the management of its 
[79] concerns as they shall judge necessary; & to establish 
reasonable penalties for the breach thereof : Provided, that such 
bye laws & ordinances are not repugnant to the Constitution & 
laws of the Commonwealth, and that they shall not be in force 
untill they have been published one week in two of the papers 
printed in Boston. 

Sec : 6 th . Be it further enacted, That the Intendant and munici- 
pality shall have the care & management of all property, real or 
personal, belonging to the Town & City, with power to lease or 
sell any real estate of the Town & City, the Common excepted, 
and to give deeds thereof and to make purchases of real estate 
for the erection of public buildings, and for other purposes, 
beneficial to the Town & City. Provided, that no sale of real 
estate shall be made, unless specially inserted in a notification for 
a meeting for that purpose, and unless the measure shall have 
been discussed at two several meetings of the municipality and 
determined by yeas & nays of two thirds of the members com- 
posing the whole body 

Sec : 7 th . Be it futher enacted, That the expenditure of monies 
shall be made under the direction of the Selectmen, Overseers of 
the Poor and Board of Health, in their several departments, con- 
formably to appropriations to be from time to time made by the 
municipality. Regular accounts of expenditure shall be kept by 
the three Boards and exhibited annually at a meeting of the 
municipality and twenty days at least before the annual meeting 
in March, a full abstract of the same, and of all the accounts of 
the Treasurer and an estimate of the sums necessary to be raised 
for the ensuing year, shall be published in hand bills and 
circulated among the Inhabitants. 

[8O.] Sec : 8 th . Be it further enacted, That the municipality 
shall annually elect a Treasurer and Collector or Collectors in the 
same manner and under the same regulations as is now done by 
the convention of Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor & Board of 
Health, They shall determine the sum necessary to be raised for 
the expences of the year, and issue their warrant to the assessors 
to levy and assess the sajne. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1815. 47 

Sec : 9 th . Be it further enacted, That the municipality shall 
annually [choose] all officers now chosen by the Town, the Select- 
men, Overseers of the Poor, School Committee, Town Clerk, Fire- 
wards, Board of Health, Assessors & assistant assessors, who shall 
continue to be chosen as heretofore. They shall also choose 
Constables and such police officers or deputies to the Intendant, as 
experience may prove necessary, and shall have power to remove 
the same upon misconduct or disobedience of orders. They shall 
also supply any vacancy occasioned by the death, resignation or 
removal of any officer appointed by them. 

Sec: 10 th . Be it further enacted, That the Selectmen shall be 
ex officio Surveyors of Highways : that all the powers which are 
now vested in the Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor & Board of 
Health, and all the duties enjoined on them by law, shall continue 
to be vested in and executed by them respectively, excepting all 
such powers & duties as are by this act, tranferred to the munici- 
pality as aforesaid. 

Sec: 11 th . Be it further enacted, that the municipality shall 
have power to grant to any association [81] of artists, artificers, 
or mechanics such power of regulating themselves in their several 
occupations and of possessing such immunities, and imposing 
such restrictions as the said municipality shall consider for the 
benefit of the community and for the encouragement of Industry 
Provided such powers & regulations be not repugnant to the 
Constitution & laws of the Commonwealth. 

Sec: 12 th . Beit further enacted, That the Town & City of 
Boston shall hereafter be a County by the name of the County of 
Suffolk & the Intendant & Municipality shall hold and exercise 
all the powers & authorities now exercised by the courts of Ses- 
sions of the present County of Suffolk : They shall annually elect 
a County Treasurer, and have the direction and control of his 
proceedings, and establish the Salary which he shall receive. 
They shall publish a statement of the income & expenditures of 
the County, at the same time and in the same manner as is 
required in relation to the other Town and City expences. 

Sec: 13 Be it further enacted, That the Intendant and 
Municipality, shall once in every quarter of the year, nominate 
and select from the Justices of the Peace of the County, three 
persons, to be Justices of a Police Court, for the quarter of the 
year ensuing, which shall be holden daily in some convenient & 
central place by one or more of said Justices ; at which court a 
record shall be kept of the whole business of criminal police 
within the County, so far as the same is recognizable by a justice 
of the peace. The Constable shall be directed [82] to return 
all warrants to this Court, and any person carried before any 
other magistrate may claim examination and trial before said 



48 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Court. In selecting Justices of the Police Court care shall be 
taken, that all the Justices of the County shall be taken in suc- 
cession quarterly, if they shall express their consent to act as 
Justices of said Court. 

Sec: 14 th Be it further enacted, That the municipality shall 
annually appoint a Clerk of the Police Court, who shall attend 
the Court daily : He shall keep a record of all the proceedings 
of this Court. And all the Justices of the county shall make 
return to him weekly Copies of their records of all criminal busi- 
ness transacted by them. He shall reduce to writing all exam- 
inations, make out warrants, receive recognizances and transmit 
them to the proper Courts & perform such other duties as the 
nature of his office may require. The Justices and Clerk to 
receive in addition to the fees established by law such further 
compensation as the Municipality shall direct 

All which is submitted 
John Phillips John Cotton 

John T. Apthorp Rcdf d . Webster 

Ebenezer T. Andrews A. Crocker 

Francis Welsh W m . Mackay 

John Mackay John Wood 

Lynde Walter Joseph Howe 

Jon a . Whitney Ja 8 . Robinson 

William Homes B. Smith 

Jacob Rhoades - Josiah Quincy 

Thomas Badger George Blake 

J. C. Ransford Benj". West 

Sep r . 25 th . 1815. The foregoing Report was ordered to be 
printed for general information. 

Adjourned to Monday the 13 th . November Next 10 O'Clock 
A.M. 

[83.] The Town met at 10 o'Clock A. M. according to ad- 
journment. 

The Moderator informed the Inhabitants that the Report of the 
Committee chosen in the wards had been printed agreeably to 
their vote of the 16 th ultimo, and that the Selectmen were ready 
to receive the ballots on the acceptance of the Report. 

After some debate it was Voted, That the Selectmen receive 
the yeas & Nays untill one o'Clock, and that the Poll should be 
closed at that time 

At the close of the Poll it appeared that there were 920 yeas 
& 951 nays The question on the acceptance of the Report 
passed in the negative. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1816. 49 

1816. 

[84.] At a Meeting of the Male Citizens of the Town of 
Boston, held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 11 th . day of March 
A. D. 1816 10 o'Clock A. M. 

Prayer by Rev d . M r . Frothingham. 

Wan-ant for calling the Meeting read. 

Laws respecting the Election of Town Officers read. 

John Phillips, Esquire, chosen Moderator. 

Thomas Clark, was chosen Town Clerk, for the year ensuing, 
and the Oath of Office was administered to him by the Moderator. 

Charles Bulfinch Robert Williams 

Ebenezer Oliver George G. Lee 

Jonathan Hunnewell John Bray and 
Joseph Levering Turner Phillips Esquires 

Joseph Austin 
were chosen Selectmen for the year ensuing. 

The oath required by Law was administered to the six first 

named Gentlemen by the Moderator. 

William Smith William Mackay 

William Phillips Joseph Coolidge Jun r . 

Redford Webster Joseph Richards 

Thomas Perkins Jonathan Phillips 

Samuel Snelling Samuel May and 

[85.] Ozias Goodwin Jacob Hall Esquires 

were chosen Overseers of the Poor and of the Workhouse for the 

year ensuing. 

Voted, That in addition to the Selectmen twelve persons shall 
now be chosen a School Committee; and the votes being col- 
lected it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen, 
viz : 

Rev d . Charles Lowell Charles Davis 

Rev d . Horace Holley John Heard Jun r . 

Rev' 1 . Sam 1 . C. Thacher Peter O. Thacher 

Doc r . Aaron Dexter Francis J. Oliver 

Doc r . Thomas Welsh William Smith and 

Doc r . John C. Warren William Wells Esq. 

Voted, That the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are termed the School Committee, be and hereby 
are directed to carry the system of education adopted by the 
Town into operation : and that the said Committee be also 



50 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

authorized and empowered conjunctly to manage and regulate the 
Government of the Schools ; and to execute all the powers relative 
to the Schools & Schoolmasters [86] which the Selectmen or 
such Committees are authorized by the laws of the Commonwealth 
or by votes of the Town to exercise. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to Joseph 
Foster, Benjamin Weld and Edmund Hart Esquires for their 
faithful services as Selectmen. 

Voted, that 4 o'Clock this afternoon be assigned for receiving 
the votes for a Register of Deeds for the County of Suffolk. 

Adjourned to 4 O'Clock, P. M. 

Town met according to adjournment. 

John Bray and 

Turner Phillips Esquires, 

chosen Selectmen, appeared & being qualified by the Moderator, 
took their seats at the Board. 

Thomas Melvill Samuel M. Thayer 

Andrew Cunningham Joseph Tilden 

John Winslow Joseph Austin 

Jon a . Hunewell Benjamin Rich 

Daniel Messenger Joseph Lovering 

Benjamin Smith Gedney King 

Nath 1 . Curtiss Francis J. Oliver 

Edward Cruft John D. Williams 

James Phillips William Harris 

Nathan Webb Stephen Codman 

[87.] John Winslow Jun r . 

Jonathan Loriug. 

John Mackay and 

Bryant P. Tilden Esq r ". 
were chosen Firewards for the year ensuing. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be a Committee to receive the votes 
for a Register of Deeds for the County of Suffolk. 

The Chairman reported that the whole number of votes was 479 
and that William Alline Esquire had 440 and John J. Loring 39. 

Votes were received for a Treasurer for the County of Suffolk 
by Moderator & Town Clerk when it appeared that the whole 
number was 238 and that they were all for John Winslow 
Esq r . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1816. 51 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to William 
Sullivan Esq r . for his faithful services as a Fireward for many 
years past. 

Mess". Benjamin White Mess". William Green 

John Cogswell Eleazer Homer 

William Clouston Joseph Stodder 

W m . Ellison Allen Bowker 

Nath 1 . Bradlee William Allison Jun r . 

Noah Dogget Nath 1 . Glover 

Bradock Loring John Howe Jun r . 

Thomas Christie Richard Thayer 

[88.] Edward J. Bobbins 

Henry Blake 
Joseph Tucker and 
Moses Eayres Jun r . 

were chosen Surveyors of Boards and other Lumber for the year 
ensuing. 

Mess". Henry Purkitt 
John Smith 
Nath 1 . Howe and 
Benjamin Clark 
were chosen Cullers of Hoops & Staves. 

Mess". Thomas Barbour Mess 18 . Benj a . Owen 

Nath 1 . Howe . James Brown 

Benj a . Clark William J. Hammatt 

Charles Pook Thomas Lambord, and 

John Bannister Walter Jackson 
John Smith 

were chosen Cullers of Dry Fish. 

Mess". Benjamin White 

Nathaniel Bradlee and 
William Ellison Jun r . 
were chosen Fence viewers. 

Mess rs . Barney Sloan 

Joseph Champney 
Joseph Selaway and 
Neddy Curtis, 
were chosen Hogreeves and Haywards. 

Samuel Emmons and 
James Phillips Esquires, 
were chosen Surveyors of Hemp. 

[89.] Mess". Edward Tuckerinan and 

Josiah Snelling Esq". 
were chosen Surveyors of Wheat 



52 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Mess 18 . John Wells and 
Richard Austin 
were chosen Assay Masters. 

The Selectmen were chosen Surveyors of Highways. 

Mess. Michael Homer 

Francis James and 
Samuel Sprague 
were chosen Inspectors of Lime. 

Upon the petition of a number of the Inhabitants " That the 
sense of the Town be taken, whether the business and duties of 
the Board of Health cannot be as fully and more economically 
carried into effect, by three or more suitable men, to be appointed 
by the Selectmen and amenable to them." 

Voted, That, Col Thomas Badger for Ward N. 1 
Redford Webster Esq 1 '. - - 2 
Benj a . Smith Esq r . - - - 3 
Josiah Marshall Esq r . - - 4 
Benjamin Weld Esq r . - - 5 
Andrew Sigourney Esq r . - - 6 
William H. Sumner Esq r . - 7 
Francis Welsh Esq r . - - - 8 
Hon 1 . Thomas H. Perkins - 9 
Hon 1 . Daniel Sargent - - - 10 
Cap*. John Wood - - - - 11 
Barzillia Homes - - - - 12 

Be a Committee to take the subject of the said [9O] Petition 
into consideration, to confer with the Committee of the General 
Court, who have a Bill respecting the Board of Health under 
consideration, and to report at the adjournment. 

Mess. Thomas Badger - Ward N. 1 

Samuel Hichborn - - " - - 2 

Turrell Tuttle - - - " - - 3 

Enoch Patterson - - " - - 4 

William Tileston - - " - - 5 

Geo. W. Otis - - - " - - 6 

John P. Thorndike - " - - 7 

Caleb Hay ward - - " - - 8 

Isaac P. Stimpson - " - - 9 

Joseph Allen - - - " - - 10 

John Roulston - - " - - 11 

Samuel Sprague - - " - - 12 

Were chosen Inspectors of the Markets for the year ensuing. 

Voted, That the Inspectors of the Markets be directed to pay 
attention to the weight of bread sold by the different bakers in 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1816. 53 

this Town, and take measures to carry the law regulating that 
article into effect. 

Voted That Stephen Codman, Francis T. Oliver & John 
Osborn Esquires, be, and hereby are appointed a Committee to 
audit the accounts of the Town Treasurer, and also those of the 
Overseers of the Poor & Workhouse, & the Board of Health. 
And said Committee are directed to report the sum necessary to 
be raised for the services of the present year. 

[91.] Voted, That the consideration of all money matters be 
referred to the May Meeting. 

Adjourned to Monday the 25 th day of March instant 10 
o'clock A. M. 

Monday March 25 th . 1816. 10 o'Clock A. M. 
Met according to adjournment. 

The Committee of the Town of Boston, appointed at a Town 
meeting on the eleventh day of March current to whom was com- 
mitted the Petition of a number of the Inhabitants, "That the 
sense of the Town may be taken, whether the business and duties 
of the Board of Health cannot be as fully, and more economically, 
carried into effect by three or more suitable men, to be appointed 
by the Selectmen and amenable to them." have at several 
meetings, taken the said Petition and the subject committed to 
them into consideration. Your Committee (as they were directed 
by the Town conferred with the Committee of the General Court ; 
they also requested the Board of Health, or such a Committee as 
they should appoint, to meet and confer with your Committee, 
which request was complied with ; and your Committee, having 
thereby become possessed of the views, and wishes of the Board 
of Health, are happy to inform the Town that it is not the desire 
of any of the members of that Board, that their services should 
be paid for by the Town, either by the establishment of Salaries 
[92] or by the receipt of fees. Your Committee entertain the 
belief, that the extensive powers which it is necessary that a 
Board of Health should possess, may, with the greatest safety, 
be vested in such of our patriotic fellow Citizens, as shall 
annually be selected, for their known humanity, and public spirit ; 
and such as would expect no other reward for their services, than 
the approbation of their Townsmen ; and are, therefore unan- 
imously of opinion, that it would be inexpedient to transfer these 
extensive powers from men, residing in the several parts of the 
Town & annually chosen by the Citizens in their respective 
wards ; to such Superintendents as the Selectmen should appoint, 



54 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

as such would serve the Town for hire only, and would expect to 
be rewarded only by the pecuniary advantages resulting from 
their official situations. 

Your Committee have examined the Health Laws, and find that 
the powers of the Board of Health are given by eight different 
Statutes. From the number of acts, and a want of suitable pre- 
cision of expression in some of them, doubts have arisen in the 
interpretation of the Laws : and the powers of the Board of 
Health have been found sometimes to interfere with those of the 
Selectmen, & vice versa. Some of the doubts and inconve- 
niences, which have arisen, under existing laws, will be enumer- 
ated. 

There are various modes pointed out for the recovery of fines 
and penalties, which have unnecessarily increased the cost of 
prosecution; which might easily be simplified. 

In consequence of the number of Laws which [93] have been 
made, since the establishment of the Board of Health, regarding 
and altering the Jurisdiction of the various Courts in this County, 
there is a doubt whether any Court in the County has an appel- 
late Jurisdiction, in any case which has been decided by a Justice 
of the Peace : and since a decision of the Boston Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, and an opinion given by one of the Justices of the 
Supreme Court, it is uncertain whether, as the laws now stand, 
there is any mode of enforcing a compliance with them by any 
legal process whatever. 

It is doubtful whether the Board have the right to oblige a 
family in which a person shall be found infected with any con- 
tagious disease, to retain such person in the house until he or she 
can, with safety, be removed to the Hospital. It is doubtful 
whether the powers of the Board extend to the removal of any 
nuisances other than those particularly enumerated in the 
Statutes. 

And as the Board of Health have doubts whether, under the 
existing Laws, they have power from time to time to alter their 
Quarantine Regulations, your Committee are of opinion that all 
doubts on that subject should be removed, and that the Board of 
Health should have the power, and should take the responsibility, 
of regulating the Quarantine of vessells from time to time, accord- 
ing to existing circumstances. 

Your Committee are of opinion, that by combining all the vari- 
ous existing powers into one Statute, the difficulties aforesaid and 
others, which it is unnecessary particularly to enumerate, might 
be removed ; the law would be rendered more intelligible and less 
[94] expensive in its execution ; but they cannot at present 
discern a necessity for the appointment of any new officers, or 
for conferring (except as before alluded to) any new powers on 
the Board of Health And as the subject has already been taken 
up in the Legislature, and a Committee, consisting of three of 
our most respectable Townsmen, have now the subject under 
consideration ; and as that Committee are not disposed to report 



BOSTON TOWN RECOKDS, 1816. 55 

to the Legislature any law, which will not be agreeable to the 
Town ; but will with pleasure, advise and consult with such a 
Committee as the Town shall appoint for the purpose of guarding 
the Towns interests ; Your Committee beg leave respectfully to 
recommend to the Town the adoption of [the] following vote. 

Voted, that 

be a Committee, to take the subject of the Laws regarding the 
Health of the Town of Boston into consideration ; and to confer 
with any Committee appointed by either branch of the Legisla- 
ture ; with power to consent to such a modification of the existing 
Laws as shall, in their opinion best comport with the rights and 
interests of the Town. 

Tho 8 . H. Perkins, Chairman per order. 
Boston March 21 st . 1816. 

The foregoing report was read & accepted by the Town ; and 
the blank was filled with the names of the following Gentlemen 
as the Committee viz 1 . 

Hon 1 . Tho 8 . H. Perkins 
Hon 1 . Daniel Sargent 
[95.] Benjamin Weld Esq. Josiah Marshall Esq. 

Bedford Webster Esq. Andrew Sigourney Esq. 

Thomas Badger Esq. Francis Welsh Esq. 

William H. Sumner Esq. John Wood Esq. and 
Benj a . Smith Esq. Barzillai Homes Esq. 

Rev d . Joshua Huntington was chosen one of the School Com- 
mittee in place of Rev d . S. C. Thacher, who declined serving. 

Voted, That Peter O. Thacher Esq., Benjamin Russell Esq. 
and Mr. Joseph Callender be a Committee to revise the bye laws 
relative to the Market, and upon conferring with the Inspectors 
of the Market, to consider what additional powers should be 
given to them, and what regulations can be adopted to enable 
them to execute the duties of their appointment and report. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to the Hon 1 . 
John Phillips Esquire, for his services as Moderator of this 
meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[96.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston of twenty one years of age and upwards, qualified as the 
Constitution prescribes and legally warned and assembled at 
Faneuil Hall on Monday the first day of April 1816 9 O'Clock 
A. M. 



56 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Prayer by the Rev* 1 . M r . Sharpe. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or Frame of Government, rela- 
tive to the choice of Governour, Lieutenant Governour and Sen- 
ators, read. 

Law of the Commonwealth dividing the State into Districts for 
the choice of Counsellors and Senators, read. 

It was afterwards determined that the Poll should be closed at 
2 O'Clock, and that the bells begin tolling at half past one. 

Persons voted for as Governour, with the number of votes for 
each person, viz. 

Hon 1 . John Brooks 3522 

Hon 1 . Samuel Dexter 2022 

His Excellency Caleb Strong - - - 1 

Hon 1 . William Gray ------ 3 

Henry A. S. Dearborn 2 



5550. 

Persons voted for as Lieutenant Governour, with the number 
of Votes for each person, viz. 

His Honour William Phillips 3562 

Hon 1 . William King 1941 

Hon 1 . William Gray 7 

Ch 8 . Carter 1. John Holmes 1. Tho 8 .Melville 1 - - 3 

John Brooks 1. James Prince 1. H. Dearborn 1 - 3 



5516 

[97.] Persons voted for as Senators for the District of 
Suffolk, with the number of votes for each person, viz. 

Hon 1 . Harrison G. Otis 3520 

" John Phillips 3536 

' Thomas H. Perkins - - - - 3523 

" Josiah Quincy 3461 

" Jonathan Hunnewell - - - - 3515 

" Richard Sullivan ----- 3523 

" Henry Dearborn - - - - 1923 

David Townsend Esq r . - - - 1941 

William Little Esq r . - - - - 1933 

Russell Sturgis Esq r . - - - - 1919 

Caleb Bingham Esq r . - - - - 1941 

William Ingalls Esq r . - - - - 1939 

James Lloyd 33 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1816. 57 

D. Sargent 1. C. Loring 2. Abraham Jones 1 - - 4 

T. K. Jones 2. W m . Tudor 2. Josiah Dow 4 - - 8 

Arnold Welles 1. Frink Roberts 2 3 

S. H. Walley 1. Ed Jones 1. Sam Brown 1. Enos 

Cobb 1. 4 

Ch 8 . Bulfinch 1. Geo. Blake 1. Tris. Barnard 1. - 3 

Ben. Smith 1. John Wells 1. AW Fuller 2 - - 4 

AV m . Gray 1. Geo. Cabot 1. Benj. Austin 1 - - 3 

Benjamin Russell 1. Geo. Darricot 1 2 

Attested Copies or return of the persons voted for as Govern- 
our, Lieutenant Governour & Senators for the District of 
Suffolk sealed iip in open Town Meeting, after the vote had been 
declared, to be transmitted to the Secretary of the Commonwealth 
as prescribed by Law, and directed as follows, viz. 

To Alden Bradford Esq r . Secretary of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts Votes of the Town of Boston for Governour & 
Lieutenant Governour sealed up in open Town Meeting. 

Also for six Senators for the District of Suffolk, directed in 
the same manner. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[98.] At a Meeting of the male Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston, of twenty one years of age and upwards, qualified as the 
Constitution prescribes, held at Faneuil Hall on the 16 th day of 
May A D 1816. 10 O'Clock A. M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . M r . Dean. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting, read. 

Paragraphs of the Constitution relating to the choice of Repre- 
sentatives, read 

The return of the Assistant Assessors signifying that the major 
and minor polls were 9729 being also read. The Inhabitants 
were directed to bring in their votes for Representatives not ex- 
ceeding Forty three. 

Votes were received by the Selectmen untill half past one 
o'clock, when they declared the Poll to be closed. 

The whole number of votes given in was 791, necessary to 
make a choice 396. 



58 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

The following gentlemen were nearly unanimously elected, viz, 

James Robinson William H. Sumner 

Josiah Bachelder Ephraim Thayer 

Stephen Codman Nathaniel Curtis 

Benjamin Russell William Tudor jun r . 

Benjamin Whitman Richard Faxon 
Charles Davis 

[99.] John D. Howard Benjamin Whitwell 

Thacher Goddard Thomas W. Sumner 

Lynde Walter Samuel Hubbard 

Jonathan Loring Benjamin Rand 

Jonathan Whitney John French 

Joseph Pierce Gedney King 

Andrew Sigourney Charles W. Greene 

Thomas Barry Joseph W. Revere 

Henry Sargent John Cotton 

William Harris John Mackay 

Benjamin Gorham Edward T. Channing 

William Sturgis Peter O. Thacher 
John Howe of Ward N. 12 David Sears Jun r . 

Nathan Appleton Josiah Bradlee 

George Sullivan Josiah Marshall and 

Israel Thorndike Jun r . Benjamin Smith 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[1OO.] At a legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston, held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 27 th day of May 
A. D. 1816. 10 o'Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting, read. 
Hon 1 . John Phillips Esq r . chosen Moderator. 

John Howe of Ward N. 12 was chosen a Selectman, in the 
place of George G. Lee, Esquire, deceased. 

Thomas Wigglesworth Esq r . was chosen on the School Com- 
mittee in place of William Smith, Esq r . deceased. 

Edward Tuckerman Jun r . Esq r . was chosen an Overseer of the 
Poor & of the Work house in place of William Smith Esq r . de- 
ceased. 

Turner Phillips Esq r . was chosen a Fire Ward, in place of 
Bryant P. Tilden Esq r . resigned. 

Edward Tuckerman William Ham matt 

William Dall Peter O. Thacher and 

Joshua Davis Thomas Dawes Esquires, 
were chosen Trustees of Neck Land. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1816. 59 

William Trefrey, was chosen a Culler of Dry Fish. 

A Petition from the Assessors, that the Town would grant 
them a further compensation for their services, was read. 

A motion was made and seconded, that the [1O1] petitioners 
have leave to withdraw their petition, which being put, passed 
in the affirmative. 

The Committee appointed on the 11 th day of March last " to 
audit the accounts of the Town Treasurer, and to report the sum 
necessary to be raised for the services of the present year " have 
attended that service & ask leave to report, that they have exam- 
ined the Accounts of Andrew Sigourney Esq r . the Town Treas- 
urer & Collector herewith that they find the same correctly 
stated, right cast, and well vouched, and that there remains [as] 
a balance in the hands of the Treasurer the sum of $19,224.4 cents 
belonging to the Town. 

Your Committee further report that the Standing Committee 
of finance having informed them that in their annual report to 
the Town, on the subject of their monied concerns they have 
stated the sum which in their opinion would be necessary to be 
raised by the Town for the services of the present year ; your 
Committee therefore beg leave to refer the Town to that report 
for such further information on that subject as may be neces- 
sary, all which is respectfully submitted. 

Stephen Codman per Order. 

The above Report read & accepted by the Town. 

Upon the representation & exhibition of the doings & proceed- 
ings of Andrew Sigourney Esquire, Treasurer & Collector of 
taxes of the Town of Boston this last year. 

Voted, that the Town of Boston highly approve of the conduct 
of said Andrew Sigourney Esquire in the said offices of 
Treasurer & Collector, and that [1O2] he has faithfully & fully 
as was in his power completed the execution of his duty in said 
offices to which he has been appointed as aforesaid, and that he 
be excused from all delinquency or default in not having effected 
the full and complete settlement of the taxes by him to have 
been received or collected according to law. 

Fourth annnal report 

of the 
Committee of Finance of the Town of Boston. 

In the year 1812 The Town voted, that the Selectmen, Over- 
seers of the Poor & Board of health should be constituted & 



60 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



appointed a Committee of finance, to superintend the admin- 
istration of the monied concerns of the Town : Among other duties 
they were directed to prepare a clear and well defined statement 
of the Treasury, and of the monied concerns of the town, to be 
presented at the annual Meeting in May. 

In conformity to these directions, the Committee have attended 
to the duty assigned them, and present the following, as the 
fourth annual report. 

The amount of the warrants for taxes in 1815, were 



Fo r State Tax 
County Tax 
Town Tax 



24,709.33 
21,828. 
109,000. 

$155,537.33 



The amount assessed with the addition 
to anticipate probable abatements 



allowed 

- - - $158.402.80 



[1O3.] Amount received by the Treasurer from 



Oct r . I 8t . 1815 to 20 th . May 1816 
Amount of Abatements - - - - 
Balance remaining uncollected - - 



- $146,801.44 
6,575.10 
5,026.26 

$158,402.80 



He has received on back taxes from 1804 to 1814 

inclusive -- .__. 

On last years tax as above 



4547.19 
146801.44 

151348.63 



The following is a statement of the Towns Debts and Credits. 
D r . Town of Boston. 

- - - - 14709.33 

17789.5 
.... 36100. 



On State tax - 

County of Suffolk 

Notes due to several individuals 



M rs . Brookers donation the interest of which | 
is paid annually to Widows and sick persons j 
Selectmen & Overseers drafts unpaid - - - - 



Unliquidated accounts 



1230. 
109.12 

69937.50 
6062.50 



$76,000. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1816. 



By several notes for land sold 

due for State Poor - - 
Taxes receivable estimated at 



Cash in the Treasury 
Balance - - - - 



$6779.63 
7002. 
3000. 

$16781.63 
19249.4 

$36030.67 
39969.33 

$76000. 



The balance of the Account current of the 
Town last year, was 

the above statement shows it to be at present 



And exhibits the amount of j 
Debt which has been paid j 



$63886.84 
$39969.33 

$23917.51 



[1O4.] The Committee are gratified in being able to state, 
that the system recommended by them in 1814 has, in its effects 
exceeded their most sanguine expectations. Having been ably 
and steadily pursued by the Treasurer & Collector, order & 
perspicuous arrangement have been introduced into the Treasury 
department ; the collections have become prompt and regular 
without harassing or oppressing the citizens ; such punctuality 
is observed in payments that only 109 dollars are now unpaid, 
on the drafts of the Selectmen, Overseers and Board of Health, 
and the outstanding debt is reduced to 39969 dollars. 

They recommend the pursuance of the same system, and offer 
the following estimates and statements for the present year. 
The demands on the Town being 

as above stated 76000. 

add thereto for current expences of the year 

For Selectmen 63000 

Overseers of the poor ----- 25000 
Board of Health 8000 



Amount of State Tax 

County Tax 

Interest on Outstanding debt referred - 



From which deduct two installments of old debt 
each of 14000 dollars, to be paid in two suc- 
ceeding years ----------- 



96000. 

22141.33 

21000. 

2400. 

$217541.33 



28000. 



Amount to be paid this year 



$189,541.33 






62 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



[105.] 



To be provided for as follows. 

From money in the Treasury - - 
Notes for land falling due - - - 
From Commonwealth for Poor - - 
Rents of Market, Town house &c. - 
Taxes receivable outstanding - - 
Amount assessed for 

State tax .... 22141.33 
D. County Tax - 21000. 
D. Town Tax - 96000. 
addition for probable 

abatements .... 10000. 



19249.4 
6779.63 
7002. 

12000. 
3000. 



$149141.33 



$197172. 

The Committee recommend that the Town should vote a tax of 
96,000 dollars and ten thousand dollars to meet the abatements. 
The amount will defray the current expences of the year, and one 
installment of the deferred debt and interest : they are gratified 
in finding, that these objects may be effected, & that the amount 
of taxes laid be about 9000 dollars less than in the past year. 

Respectfully submitted 
By order of the Committee of Finance 

Charles Bulfinch 

Chairman. 

The foregoing report was read, and accepted by the Town, 
and, 

Voted, That the sum of ninety six thousand dollars be raised by 
a tax to be assessed upon the Polls and Estates of the Inhabitants 
of the Town, to defray the expences of the Town the present 
year; and the further sum of Ten Thousand dollars to meet 
abatements of Taxes. 

[1O6.] Voted, That the Treasurer be authorized to borrow a 
sum not exceeding Seventy six thousand dollars, if the same 
should be found necessary, in his opinion for the use of the Town. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid to the Hon 1 . Thomas 
Dawes the sum of seven hundred and fifty dollars as his salary 
as Judge of the Municipal Court for the present year. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid unto Thomas Clark, Town 
Clerk, the sum of One Thousand Dollars as his Salary for the 
present year. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid unto each of the three per- 
manent Assessors the sum of Eight hundred & sixteen dollars 
each as their salary for the present year. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1816. 63 

Voted, That there be allowed & paid unto Andrew Sigourney Esq r ., 
the sum of Three Thousand dollars, in full for his services as 
Town Treasurer & Collector of Taxes, for Clerk hire and all other 
expeuces in the delivery of tax bills & collection of Taxes. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[1O7.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, held at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 4 th . 
day of July A.D. 1816 10 O'Clock A. M. - 

Warrant for calling the meeting read 

Thomas Clark was chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed the last year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Indepen- 
dence Reported That they have chosen George Sullivan 
Esquire who had accepted the appointment. 

Adjourned to meet at the Old South Church at 12 O'Clock M. 

Met at the Old South Church where an Oration was delivered 
by George Sullivan Esq r . to commemorate the Independence of 
the United States of America. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to wait on George Sullivan Esq r . in the name of the Town, 
and thank him for the elegant and spirited Oration this day deliv- 
ered by him at the request of the Town upon the Anniversary of 
American Independence, in which were considered the feelings, 
manners & principles which produced the great event and the 
important and happy effects, general and domestic, which have 
already, or will forever flow from that auspicious epoch ; and to 
request of him a copy for the press. 

Voted, That the Gentlemen Selectmen be, and hereby are 
appointed a Committee to apply to some [1O8] able and learned 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 4 th . day of July 1817. 
That day being the Anniversary of the Independence of the 
United States of America ; wherein the Orator is to consider the 
feelings, manners & principles, which led to this great national 
event ; as well as the important and happy effects which have 
already, or will forever flow from that auspicious Epoch. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a Convention of the Board of Selectmen, Overseers of the 
Poor, and Board of Health, of the Town of Boston, held at 
Faneuil Hall on Monday the 8 th . day of July A.D. 1816 4 
O'Clock P.M. 



64 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Present a Majority of each Board. 

Voted, to proceed to the choice of a Town Treasurer for the year 
ensuing. 

Ebenezer Oliver & Joseph Coolidge j r . Esquires were appointed a 
Committee to receive sort and count the votes. 

The Committee reported that the whole number of Votes were 
24 and that Andrew Sigourney Esq r . was unanimously chosen 
Town Treasurer for the year ensuing. 

Voted, to proceed to the choice of one Collector of Taxes. 

The Committee having collected the votes. Reported that 
Andrew Sigourney Esq r . was unanimously elected Collector of 
Taxes for the year ensuing. 

M r . Sigourney having been notified of his appointment to the 
above offices, declared his acceptance, and proposed the Hon ble . 
Jonathan Hunnewell & Benjamin Weld Esq r . as his Bondsmen. 

Voted, That the above named Gentlemen be accepted as M r . 
Sigourneys Bondsmen, & that they execute a Bond of Twenty 
thousand dollars as Treasurer, and another Bond for the same 
sum as Collector of Taxes. 

Voted, That M r . Oliver, of the Board of Selectmen, M r . Snelling, 
of the Overseers & M r . Jackson of the Board of Health, be a 
Committee to see that -the Bonds are given by the Treasurer & 
that he is qualified according to law. 

Then the Convention was Dissolved, 



[1O9.] At a legal meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston, duly qualified to vote for Representatives in the 
General Court of this Commonwealth, held at Faneuil Hall on 
Monday the 4 th . day of November A.D. 1816 10 o'Clock 
A.M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . M r . Winchell. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraphs of the Constitution of the United States, and of a 
Resolve of the General Court for choosing one Representative in 
the Congress of the United States for the District of Suffolk 
being read The Inhabitants were informed that the Poll would 
be closed at half past one o'Clock. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1817. 65 

Persons voted for as a Representative for the Suffolk District 
in this Commonwealth in the next Congress of the United States, 
viz. 

Hon. James Lloyd Esq r . 828 
Will" 1 . Sullivan Esq r . 1 

And declaration thereof made by the Selectmen in Public 
Town Meeting. 

A return of the doings of this Meeting was made out conform- 
able to the printed direction of the General Court & forwarded to 
the Secretary's office by the Town Clerk. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[HO.] At a Meeting of the male Citizens of the Town of 
Boston, held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 10 th . day of March 
A.D. 1817 10 oClock A.M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . M r . Ware 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 
Law respecting the Election of Town Officers read. 
Hon ble . John Phillips Esq r . was chosen Moderator. 

Thomas Clark was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensuing, 
and the oath of office was administered to him by the Moderator. 

Charles Bulfinch Ebenezer Oliver 

Jonathan Hunnewell Joseph Levering 

Joseph Austin Turner Phillips 

Henry Bass Samuel Dorr and 

Enoch Silsby Esquires were chosen 
Selectmen for the year ensuing. 

The Oath of office was administered to the six first named 
Gentlemen by the Moderator. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to Robert Williams 
Esq r . for his faithful services as one of the Selectmen for several 
years past. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to John Bray Esq r . 
for his faithful services as one of the Selectmen the past year. 

Hon 1 . William Phillips Esq r . Redford Webster 

Thomas Perkins Samuel Snelling 

Ozias Goodwin William Mackay 

Joseph Coolidge jun r . Joseph Richards 

Jonathan Phillips Samuel May 

Jacob Hall and Edw d . Tuekerman Jun r . Esq rs . 



66 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

were chosen Overseers of the Poor and of the Work House the 
year ensuing. 

[111.] Voted, That in addition to the Selectmen twelve 
persons shall now be chosen a School Committee ; and the votes 
being collected it appeared that the following Gentlemen were 
chosen, viz 

Rev d . Charles Lowell Charles Davis 

Rev d . Horace Holley Peter 0. Thacher 

Rev d . Joshua Huntington Francis J Oliver 

Docf. Aaron Dexter William Wells 

Doct r . Thomas Welsh Thomas Wigglesworth & 

Doct r . John C. Warren Benjamin Russell Esq rs . 

Voted, That the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are termed the School Committee, be, and hereby 
are directed to carry the System of Education adopted by the 
Town into operation ; and that said Committee be also authorized 
and empowered conjunctly to manage and regulate the govern- 
ment of the Schools ; and to execute all the powers relative to 
the Schools and School Masters which the Selectmen or such 
Committees are authorized by the laws of the Commonwealth or 
by votes of the Town to exercise. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to John Heard 
Esq r . for his faithful services as one of the School Committee for 
many years past 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to Edward Cruft 
and John Winslow jun r . Esq rs . for their faithful services as Fire- 
wards for several years past. 

Thomas Melvill Andrew Cunningham 

John Winslow Stephen Codman 

Jonathan Hunewell Daniel Messenger 

Joshua Davis Benj a . Smith 

Nath 1 . Curtis James Phillips 

Bryant P. Tilden Nathan Webb 

Sam 1 . M. Thayer Joseph Tilden 

Joseph Austin Benj a . Rich 
Joseph Lovering [112.] Gedney King 

Francis J. Oliver John D. Williams 

William Harris Jonathan Loring 

John Mackay and Turner Phillips Esq ra . were chosen 
Firewards for the year ensuing. 

Votes were received for a Treasurer for the county of Suffolk 
by the Moderator and Town Clerk when it appeared that John 
Winslow Esq r . had one hundred & forty seven votes, & A Young 
one vote 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1817. 67 

Mess 18 . Benj a . White John Cogswell 

William Clouston Nath 1 . Brad lee 

Noah Doggett Bradock Loring 

Allen Bowker Thomas Christie 

W m . Green Eleazer Homer 

Joseph Stodder Will"'. Ellison 

Nath 1 . Glover John Howe Jun r . 

Richard Thayer Edw d . J. Robbins 

Henry Blake Jos h . Tucker 

Moses Eayres and Benj a . Harris were chosen 
Surveyors of Boards and other Lumber. 

Mess. Henry Purkett Benj a . Clark 

Nath 1 . Howe & Benjamin Owen were 

chosen cullers of Hoops & Staves. 

Mess 18 . Thomas Barbour Nath 1 . Howe 

Benj. Clark Charles Pook 

John Bannister Benj a . Owen 

James Brown W m . J. Hammatt 

Thomas Lombard and Walter Jackson were 
chosen Cullers of Dry Fish. 

[113.] Mess rs . Benjamin White Nath 1 . Bradlee 

William Ellison and John Howe jun r . were 
chosen Fence viewers for the year ensuing. 

Mess rs . Barney Sloan Joseph Champney 

Joseph Selaway and Neddy Curtis were chosen 

Hogreeves and Haywards for the ensuing year. 

Samuel Emmons and 
James Phillips Esauires, were chosen 
Surveyors of Hemp. 

Edward Tuckerman and 
Josiah Snelhng Esquires, were chosen 
Surveyors of Wheat. 

Mess rs . John Wells and 

Richard Austin were chosen Assay 
Masters. 

Mess rB . Michael Homer 

Francis James and 

Samuel Sprague were chosen Inspectors 
of Lime for the year ensuing. 

The Selectmen were chosen Surveyors of High Way. 

Voted, That Stephen Cod man, Francis J. Oliver and Robert G-. 
Shaw Esquires, be and hereby are appointed a Committee to 



68 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Audit the Accounts of the Town Treasurer, and also those of the 
Overseers of the Poor & Work House and the Board of Health 
and said Committee are directed to report the sum necessary to be 
raised for the services of the present year. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to John Osborn 
Esq r . for his faithful services as one of the Auditors of Accounts 
for several years past. 

Voted, That the consideration of all money matters be referred tx> 
May Meeting. 

The Committee who were appointed to revise the Bye laws of 
the Town of Boston relative to the Market, and to confer with the 
Inspectors of the Market upon the expediency of adopting any 
[114] further regulations for the good order of the same 
"report that pursuant to their appointment they have had a 
Conference with the Inspectors of the Market, and have received 
from that body the following communication. 

The Inspectors of the Market within the town of Boston are 
by their office expected to enquire after and to cause to be prose- 
cuted offences committed in or against the Market. But as they 
derive no authority from the laws of the Commonwealth, and are 
elected by the voluntary act of their fellow citizens, they possess 
no real powers ; and they are apprehensive, that the public can 
derive no essential advantage from their appointment. By recur- 
ring to a report made to the Town at a Meeting of the Inhabitants 
on the 24 May 1813 It appears, that for the many offences 
which may be committed against the community in the Market ; 
the law contemplates adequate remedies ; but from experience it 
is found that, such is the negligence of the citizens, prosecutions 
are very rare and seldom result in the conviction of offenders. 

The object of all regulations on the subject of the Market 
should be, to facilitate the bringing of produce to the Market by 
the growers of the same, and to encourage the sale of it there, 
by them to the consumers, so as to avoid the increase of price, 
which must be paid to venders on commission ; but the Inspectors 
are sensible that in multiplying regulations there is danger of 
shackling the freedom of trade, and causing at times a deficiency 
in the regular supply of the Market on which much of its utility 
depends. Evils arise in this town from the contracted limits of 
the Market, which are found not sufficient for the accommoda- 
tion of those who come to sell, and of those who come to buy, 
while the market continues in its present local situation, partial 
remedies only can be applied to existing evils. 

The Inspectors are aware that very much depends on the vigil- 
ance of the citizens, and in the hope that some benefit will be 
derived to them, and perhaps some revenue to the Town, they 
recommend the following additional regulations, to be adopted 
and enforced by proper legal authority viz 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1817. 69 

First That no inhabitant of the Town of Boston, or any neigh- 
bouring town, not offering for sale the produce of his own farm 
shall at any season of the year, be permitted to occupy any 
stand with Cart or otherwise for the purpose of vending commod- 
ities in Dock Square. 

Second That all the Stalls in the Market be offered to be 
leased by the Selectmen once a year at public auction, and that 
among other [115] conditions of the lease it should be inserted, 
that the Lessee shall forfeit his lease and all monies paid for the 
same, if he, or any person under him, or with his connivance, or 
permission should commit any offence against the laws or regula- 
tions of the Market ; and that the Selectmen shall have authority 
to hear and finally determine all complaints respecting the breach 
of this condition, and to deprive offenders of their Stalls. This 
regulation to be in addition to the penalties, which are provided 
for offences by existing laws. 

Third, That the office of Inspectors of the Market be discon- 
tinued, and the Selectmen of the Town be authorized to appoint 
annually two or more Clerks of the Market, to be under oath for 
the faithful performance of the duties of their office, and to be 
allowed a suitable compensation for their services. The said 
Clerks, in addition to collecting the rents of the Stalls and 
inspecting the conduct of the occupants of the same, shall 
regulate the standing of horses, carts & other incumbrances in 
and about the Market and in the Streets leading to the same : 
Shall see that all orders and regulations on these subjects be 
observed ; and shall inform of and duly prosecute all offences 
which may in any way come to their knowledge, and which shall 
be committed in the Market or elsewhere against the laws, 
regulations and freedom of the same. 

Thomas Badger, Chairman. 

W m . Tileston, Secretary. 

Conceiving that the communication from the Inspectors of the 
Market results from much experience and attentive observation, 
and fully approving of its principles, your Committee ask leave 
to propose to their fellow citizens to adopt the following votes 
and Bye law, viz, 

Voted, That all the Stalls in the Market be offered to be leased 
by the Selectmen once a year, at public Auction, and upon such 
terms and conditions as they may deem proper : but that among 
the terms and conditions of the lease, it shall be inserted, "That 
the Lessee shall forfeit his lease and all monies paid for the same, 
if he, or any person under him, or with his connivance, or per- 
mission shall commit any offence against the laws or regulations 
of the Market, or against the general or special laws regulating 
the same. and that the Selectmen shall have authority to hear, 
and finally to determine all complaints respecting the breach of 
this condition, and thereupon to take from said Lessee, or any 
person under him the said Stall." 



70 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Voted, That the office of Inspectors of the Market be discon- 
tinued, [116] and the Selectmen of the town shall annually, 
and oftener, if need be, appoint one or more substantial citizens 
to be Clerks of the Market, and to allow to him or them a suitable 
compensation for his or their services. And it shall be the duty 
of every such Clerk, in addition to collecting the rents of the 
Stalls and inspecting the conduct of occupants of the same, to 
regulate the standing of Carts, Horses, and other incumbrances 
in & about the Market, and in the Streets leading thereto, so that 
there may always be a free -and convenient passage in & through 
the same : and it shall further be the duty of every such Clerk, to 
see that all orders and regulations of the Selectmen on these sub- 
jects be observed, and to inform of, & duly to prosecute all 
offences, which may in any way come to their knowledge, & which 
shall be committed in the Market, or elsewhere, against the laws, 
regulations & freedom of the same : and lastly, every such Clerk 
shall be under Oath faithfully to perform the duties of his office 
and shall be liable to be removed from his said office by the 
Selectmen whenever they shall deem it expedient so to do. 

" Bye Law. - 

"It is hereby ordered, that no Inhabitant of the town of Bos- 
ton, or of any town in the vicinity thereof, not offering for sale 
the produce of his own farm, shall at any season of the year, be 
permitted to occupy any stand with Cart, Sleigh or otherwise, for 
the purpose of vending commodities in Dock Square, or in the 
square lying between Union Street and the Stalls to the North & 
West of the Market : and if any such person shall presume to 
occupy with Cart, Sleigh or otherwise any stand in Dock Square, 
or in the square lying between Union Street & the Stalls to the 
north west of the Market, after being ordered to remove there- 
from by the Clerk of the Market, or by any person thereunto 
authorized by the Selectmen of the town, he shall forfeit a sum 
not exceeding five dollars nor less than two dollars for every 
hour, in which he shall continue to offend in this respect, the one 
moiety thereof to the use of the complainant, and the other moiety 
thereof to the use of the town. 

All which is respectfully submitted 

by. 

Peter O. Thacher} 
Benjamin Russell > Committee 
Joseph Callender ) 

[117.] The foregoing Report was read and accepted And 
ordered that the Town Clerk lay the Bye Law contained in the 
said Report before Hon ble . Justices of the Court of Sessions for 
confirmation. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to the Hon 1 . 
John Phillips Esq r . for his services as moderator of this meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1817. 71 

At a Meeting of the male Inhabitants of the Town of Boston of 
twenty one years of age and upwards, qualified as the Constitu- 
tion prescribes and legally warned and assembled at Faneuil Hall 
on Monday the seventh day of April A. D. 1817 9 O'Clock 
A. M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . Doct r . Baldwin. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or Frame of Government, rela- 
tive to the choice of Governour, Lieutenant Governour, and 
Senators. read. 

Law of the Commonwealth dividing the State into districts for the 
choice of Counsellors and Senators read. 

It was afterwards determined that the Poll should be closed at 
2 O'Clock the Bells to begin tolling at half past one. 

Persons voted for as Governour, with the number of votes for 
each person viz 

His Excellency John Brooks 3578. 

Hon 1 . Henry Dearborn 1315. 

Nathaniel Noyes 1. 



4894 

Persons voted for as Lieutenant Governour, with the number 
of votes for each person viz, 

His Honour William Phillips 3567 - 

Hon 1 . William King 1301 

Edw d . H. Bobbins 1 

William Gray --------- 1 

Joseph B. Varnum 2 

W m . Lawrence 2. Sam 1 . Whitwell 1 - - 3 



4875 

^^M 

[118.] Persons voted for as Senators for the District of 
Suffolk, with the number of votes for each person. 

Hon 1 . John Phillips 3556 

" John Welles 3547 

" Josiah Quincy 3502 

" Thomas H. Perkins 3533 

" Jonathan Hunnewell 3540 

" Richard Sullivan 3544 

" Samuel Brown 1275 

W m . Little Esq r . 1270 

D r . W m . Ingalls 1273 

James T. Austin Esq r . 1266 

Thomas Badger Esq r . 1259 

Henry Orne Esq r . 1253 



72 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

David Townsend Esq r . 19 Daniel Carney 7 Josiah Dow 3 
Nath 1 . Fisher 2. W m . Prescott 1 Tristram Barnard 3 Henry 
H. Tuckerman 2. R d . D. Harris 1 Joshua Clapp 2 Jos. N. 
Howe 2 W :n . A. Fales 1 W m . Mackay 1 Frank Roberts 1 
Sam 1 . Snelling 1. W m . Bangs 2 Rich d . S. Howe 1 W m . 
Bordman 1 W m . Lawrence 1 W m . Foster 1 Art 8 . Ward 1 
Lorenzo Draper 2. W m . Sullivan 2. John C. Jones 3. Geo. 
Cabot 1. H. G. Otis 3. Jou a . Mason 1. Jos. Tilden 1. Dan 1 . 
Sargent 1. James Robinson 1 Bryant P. Tilden 1. Dan 1 . 
Messenger 1 H. Goodrich 1 Joseph Smith 1 James Carter 
1 Henry A. S. Dearborn 1. Will 1 ". Thompson j r . ]. Simon 
AVilkinson 1 Lamson Bullard 1. Dan 1 . Tuttle 1. P. F. 
Dagrand 1 Barney Smith 1 Gerry Fairbanks 1 Th 8 . K. 
Jones 1 Jesse Putnam 1 Sam 1 . Billings 2 Tho 8 . Gushing 
1 

Attested Copies or return of the persons voted for as Govern- 
our, Lieutenant Governour & Senators for the District of Suffolk 
sealed up in open Town Meeting, after the vote had been de- 
clared, to be transmitted to the Secretary of the Commonwealth 
as prescribed by Law, and directed as follows viz 

To Alden Bradford Esq r . Secretary of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts. Votes of the Town of Boston for Governour 
& Lieutenant Governour sealed up in open Town Meeting Also 
for Six Senators for the District of Suffolk, directed in the same 
manner. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[119.] At a Meeting of the male Citizens of the Town of 
Boston held at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 22 d day of April 
A.D. 1817 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Hon ble . John Phillips Esq r . was chosen Moderator. 

The meeting was called " to consider and act upon the petition 
of a number of the Inhabitants, that the Selectmen my be em- 
powered to choose a Committee of such a number of discreet 
citizens as they may find expedient, to take into consideration the 
Bye Laws for the regulation of Carts & Trucks, and to report 
such modifications and changes of the present regulations as in 
the opinion of such Committee may be just and reasonable, and 
consistent with the rights and welfare of the community ' ' 

The Petition being read, it was moved and Voted, That the 
Selectmen of the Town of Boston be and they hereby are author- 
ized & empowered to appoint a Committee consisting of seven 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1817. 78 

citizens of this town ; which Committee shall have power to take 
into consideration the several orders & Bye Laws now in force 
regulating the carriage of goods, merchandize and all other 
articles, on Carts, Trucks or Waggons within said town ; and to 
report at an adjourned meeting, all such amendments, alterations 
and additions to said orders and Bye Laws as in the opinion of 
said Committee may be necessary and proper. 

Adjourned, to Tuesday the 6 day of May next then to meet 
at this place at 10 O'Clock A.M.- 
Tuesday May 6 th . 
The Town met according to adjournment. 

The Moderator informed the Inhabitants that the Selectmen 
had, in conformity to a vote of the Town appointed 

William Sullivan Isaac Winslow 

Thomas Badger Benjamin Rich 

Richard D. Tucker Eben r . Farley and 

Josiah Bradlee Esq re . 

a Committee to take into consideration the petition relative to 
Carts & Trucks. 

[12O.] M r . W m . Sullivan Chairman of the Committee ap- 
pointed for that purpose arose and stated to the meeting, that 
they had several times met upon the subject committed to them, 
but were not ready to report ; and moved for an adjournment of 
the meeting to the fifth day of June next The question being 
taken, it passed in the affirmative. 

Adjourned to Thursday 5 th . day of June next 10 O'Clock A.M. 



At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
of twenty one years of age and upwards, qualified as the Consti- 
tution prescribes, held at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 15 th day 
of May A.D. 1817 10 O'Clock A.M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . M r . Holley. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Paragraphs of the Constitution relating to the choice of 
Representatives read 

The return from the Board of Assistant Assessors signifying 
that the major and minor polls were 9448 being also read. 
The Inhabitants were directed to bring in their votes for Repre- 
sentatives not exceeding forty two. 

The Poll was closed at half past 1 O'Clock. 



74 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

The whole number of votes given in were 542 necessary to 
make a choice 272 

The following Gentlemen had a majority of Votes, and were 
declared to be duly elected Representatives for the year ensuing 
viz*. 

Stephen Codmau Benjamin Whitwell 

Josiah Bachelder Benjamin Smith 

Benjamin Russell John Cotton 

Thomas W. Sumner Josiah Marshall 

Benjamin Whitman John Mackay 

Charles Davis Peter O. Thacher 

W m . H. Sumner Joseph "W. Revere 

William Tudor jnn r . Samuel Hubbard 

John D. Howard Benjamin Rand 

Jonathan Loring John French 

Thomas Barry Josiah Bradlee 

Henry Sargent David Sears 

Benjamin Gorham Edward T. Channing 

John Howe Samuel Swett and 

Francis Bassett 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



At a legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 26 day of May 
A.D. 1817. 10 O'Clock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 
Hon 1 . John Phillips Esq r . was chosen Moderator. 

Voted, That the Communication from Ward N. Boylston Esq r . 
be referred to a Committee of the Town with instructions to 
report at an adjournment of the meeting a statement of facts, 
with their opinion as to the best course to be taken by the Town. 

James T. Austin, Sam 1 . Swett, Stephen Codman, Arnold Welles 
and Nathan Webb Esquires, were chosen a Committee agreeably 
to the above vote. 

The Committee appointed by the Town on the 10 tb day of 
March last, to "Audit the Accounts of the Town Treasurer, and 
also those of the Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor and Work- 
house, and the Board of Health ; with directions to report the 
sum necessary to be raised for the services of the present year, " 
have attended to the service assigned them by examining the 
Accounts of the Town Treasurer and Collector, of the monies by 
him received and paid ; they find the same right cast and well 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1817. 75 

vouched ; that there results a balance of Eighteen thousand, Eight 
hundred, & fifty eight Dollars & forty cents remaining in the 
hands of the Treasurer belonging to the Town. This Account 
which is handed herewith, includes all the drafts made on the 
Treasurer by the Selectmen, Overseers and the Board of Health, 
who are authorized by the Town to appropriate the Towns money 
for the several purposes within their respective departments 
the general particulars of which your Committee presume will 
appear by the statement which is annually made to the Town by 
the standing Committee of Finance ; to which Report your Com- 
mittee also refer the Town for the amount of the sum necessary 
to be raised for the services of the present year. all which is 
respectfully submitted. 

Stephen Codman Chairman 
of Committee p Order 
Boston May 1817. 

[123.] Fifth annual report 

of the Committee of Finance of the 
Town of Boston. 

The Committee of Finance of the Town of Boston, consisting 
of the Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor & Board of Health, have 
attended to the duty assigned to them by the Town ; have 
examined the Books of the Treasurer & Collector and are sat- 
isfied with the diligence and attention of that officer and with the 
accuracy of his accounts. 

They present the following report. 

The Amount of Warrants for taxes in 1816, given to the 
Treasurer & Collector, were 

For State Tax $26639.76 

" Town & County Tax 131015.94 



$157655.70 

Amount received by the Treasurer from I 8 

Oct r . 1816 to 20 th . May 1817 $144818.60 

Amount of Abatements - 7379.50 

Balance remaining uncollected 5457.60 



$157655.70 

from which it appears, that the whole tax has been paid or 
settled in less than eight months, excepting about 5000 Dollars, 
from which the Treasurer estimates nearly one half may be 
collected : This promptness your Committee think honourable to 
the Treasurer and to the Inhabitants; and is an instance of 
well managed financial concerns, scarcely to be met with in any 
other City or Town containing so great a number of Inhabitants. 



76 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



D r . The Town of Boston . 

On State Tax 

County of Suffolk 

Notes to several Persons ------- 

M rs . Brookers donation, a fund the interest of 
which is paid annually to Widows and Sick 
persons ------------ 

Balance unpaid on Selectmens and Overseers 
Drafts 



Unliquidated Accounts - 



$17141.33 
12100.. 
33500. 



1230. 
158.60 

64129.93 
5870.7 



$70,000. 



[124.] The Town of Boston 

By Several Notes for Land &c . 
Due for State Poor - - - - 
" Taxes uncollected estimated, at 



Cash in the Treasury 



( tr 



Balance 



$3539.73 
7000. 
2000. 

$12539.73 
18858.40 

31398.13 
38601.87 

$70,000. 



The balance of the Account Current last year 
was 

The above statement shows it to be at present 



And exhibits the sum paid this year of the 
old Debt 



$39969.33 
38601.87 



1367.46 



A calculation was made in the last year's report to pay off 14000 
Dollars of the Debt ; but this expectation has not been realized, 
owing to unexpected demands in the Selectmens department, for 
improvements in streets to the amount of 8000 Dollars and to 
the expences of the alms House, which have exceeded the 
estimates about 6000 Dollars in consequence of the hardships of 
the poor from the severity of Winter & the stagnation of Busi- 
ness. These circumstances it is hoped, will not again occur to 
intercept the operation of the sinking fund ; but to secure its 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1817. 



77 



full effect, it is advisable to appropriate a larger amount than has 

been usual, to contingent unforseen expences. 

The demands of the Town being as above 

stated $70,000 

Add thereto for current expences of the [year] 

as follows 
For Selectmen 70,000. Overseers $30,000 - 100,000 

Board of Health 6,500 

Amount of State Tax 22,000 

County Tax 21,000 

Interest on outstanding debt 2400 



From which deduct two installments of old } 
Debt each of 14000 dollars, to be paid > 
in two succeeding years ) 



[125.] To be provided for as follows 
From money in the Treasury - .- - 
Notes becoming due ----- 
From Commonwealth for Poor 
Rent of Market, Town house &c 
Taxes receivable, outstanding - - 
Amount assessed for State 

tax 

D. - - County Tax - 
D. Town 107,501.87 Abate- 
ments 10,000 ..... 



22000 
21000 

117501.87 



$221,900 



28,000. 
$193,900. 

18858.40 
3539.73 
7000. 

12000. 
2000. 



160501.87 
$203900. 



The Committee recommend, that the Town should vote a tax 
of 107501 Dollars & 10000 in addition to meet the abatements ; 
this amount will defray the current expences of the year & one 
installment of the deferred debt. 

Respectfully submitted, 
By Order of the Com ee . of Finance. 

Charles Bulfinch Chairman. 

The foregoing report was read and accepted by the Town. 

Voted, That the sum of one hundred and seventeen thousand, 
five hundred & one dollars, be raised by a tax to be assessd 
upon the Polls & Estates of the Inhabitants of the Town, to 
defray the expences of the town the present year. 

Upon the representation and exhibition of the doings and pro- 
ceedings of Andrew Sigourney Esq r . Treasurer & Collector of 
Taxes of the Town of Boston the last year. 



78 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Voted, that the Town of Boston highly approve of the conduct of 
the said Andrew Sigourney Esq r . in the said offices of Treasurer 
and Collector, and that he has faithfully, as was in his power 
completed the execution of his duty in said offices to which he 
has been appointed as aforesaid, and that he be excused from all 
delinquency or default in not having effected the full and com- 
plete settlement of the taxes by him to have been received or 
collected according to Law. 

[16.] The memorial of a number of the Inhabitants 
" That a suitable compensation be annexed to the office of Chair- 
man of the Selectmen " being read it was moved and 

Voted, That the Memorial be referred to the Committee of 
Finance who are to enquire if the Chairman of the Selectmen is 
entitled to any Compensation to determine upon the amount of 
such Compensation not exceeding One thousand Dollars. 

Edward Tuckerman William Hammatt 

William Ball Peter 0. Thacher and 

Joshua Davis Thomas Dawes Esq. 

were chosen Trustees of Neck Land. 

Mess". Romanus Emerson & 

Abel Hewens 
were chosen Fence viewers for the District of South Boston. 

Voted, That the Treasurer be authorized to borrow a sum not 
exceeding Seventy thousand dollars, if the same should be found 
necessary for the service of the Town. 

On the application of his Honour William Phillips Esq r . 

Voted, That the Town Treasurer be authorized and directed to 
receive from his Honour William Phillips, Esq r . the amount 
of the sum bequeathed to the Town by the Will of his late 
Father, towards the building of a Hospital, and to execute a 
Release for the same in behalf of the Town, and that the Town 
Treasurer pay the same to the Treasurer of the Massachusetts 
General Hospital to be applied to the purposes of that Institution. 

The Selectmen laid before the town a list of persons they had 
selected to serve as Jurors, at any Court for which they may be 
drawn, for three years next ensuing. 

Voted, That the Town accept the list of persons to serve as 
Jurors, presented by the Selectmen, and confirm their doings. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be a Committee to cause a Pound to 
be built in South Boston, in such a situation as they shall con- 
sider best suited to the public convenience. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1817. 79 

[127.] Voted, That there be allowed and paid unto the Hon ble . 
Thomas Uawes the sum of Seven hundred and fifty dollars as his 
Salary as Judge of the Municipal Court for the present year. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid unto Thomas Clark, 
Town Clerk the sum of One thousand dollars as his Salary for 
the present year. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid out of the Treasury of 
the Town of Boston the sum of One thousand Dollars to each of 
the permanent Assessors of the Town for the present year. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid unto Andrew Sigourney 
Esq r . the sum of three thousand Dollars, in full for his services 
as Town Treasurer & Collector of taxes, for Clerk hire and all 
other expences in the delivery of tax bills & collection of taxes. 

The Petition of a number of the Inhabitants for additional 
Schools, was referred to the School Committee, with the addition 
of one person from each ward, to be appointed by the Selectmen. 

Adjourned to Thursday the 5 day of June next 10 O'Clock 
A.M. 

Monday June 5 th . 1817 
Met according to adjournment from the 6 th . Ultim . 

The Moderator being absent 

Stephen Codman Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator, Pro. tern. 

The Committee, to whom was referred the Petition of Adam 
Smith, and others, Truckmen, beg leave to report. 

That as the Streets of Boston are, and lawfully may be used as 
highways by persons who are not subject to those restrictions 
which may be imposed on the inhabitants of the town, great 
damage will continue to be done by the carrying of heavy loads 
on the streets and which cannot be prevented by any town 
authority unless further power should be given by the Legislature. 
It appears to the Committee reasonable, that carriers, who live in 
adjoining towns, and whose usual & daily employment is the 
transportation of various articles to and from the places of busi- 
ness in this town, should be restrained in the carrying of loads as 
the [128] Inhabitants of the town are restrained. Whether 
it will be expedient to regulate this intercourse between this 
town, and other towns, and the mode of doing it, if it can, & 
ought to be done, should be left, as the Committee conceive, to 
the discretion of the Selectmen, with the request on the part of 
the Inhabitants of the Town, that the Selectmen would petition 



80 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

for any further legislative provisions on these subjects, -which 
they may find to be proper : and make such representations to 
the proprietors of Bridges, which lead into the town, as they 
may find to be expedient. 

The Committee have diligently inquired concerning the loads 
which are usually earned in the streets of the town by the in- 
habitants thereof & have examined the Bye Laws now in force 
on this subject ; they find that it is not unlawful to carry one 
perch of Stone ; or twenty bushels of gravel or sand ; or one 
Chaldron of Coal ; or six feet of Wood ; or one thousand feet of 
board; in any one load ; each of which are equal, at least to one 
ton and an half in weight, and that no complaint is made of such 
loads, nor is any injury supposed to be done to the streets by 
the carry thereof ; nor is it supposed, that any load which can be 
conveniently & easily, drawn by two horses, on wheels, (with the 
width of tire, which the Law now requires) will do any injury to 
the streets, excepting in the spring season ; and the Committee, 
having to propose regulations for carrying, during the spring 
season, are of opinion, that the petition to be allowed to carry a 
weight not exceeding one ton & an half is reasonable ; and that 
no greater weight than one ton and an half, ought to be drawn by 
two horses, within the Town of Boston. 

They beg leave to present, for the consideration of the town, 
votes which express the result of their deliberations on this 
subject. 

The Committtee have also considered whether any and what 
change could be made in the form of the trucks now in use, and 
have obtained information as to the forms in use in other great 
towns. 

In most of the Southern Cities, one horse Carts are used, 
excepting for the bringing heavy articles from the Country. 
[129] many persons are desirous of introducing the like mode 
of carrying among us ; or of reducing the length of the truck 
now in use, and the Committee attended to every suggestion of 
this nature, with an earnest disposition to discover & propose to 
the town such reform as would be generally acceptable; They 
have come to the conclusion that carrying is no where done with 
more safety and expedition than in this town; that with the 
introduction of one horse cars would come difficulties much less 
tolerable than those now complained of; and that important dis- 
advantages would accrue from the use of such cars which the 
Committee need not enumerate in this report ; and among them, 
that the side ways would be oftener, and longer, and more 
inconveniently obstructed in the places of business than they now 
are, while the cars were loading & unloading; and that the 
number of moving obstructions in the streets from the necessarily 
increased number of vehicles, which would be used therein. 
The Committee believe that the present form of Trucks may be 
easily passed, when moving in the street as a Waggon drawn by 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1817. 81 

two horses could be passed ; and that the principal objection to 
the present form is, that when set across some streets to load 
and unload, a sufficient and convenient width for passing is not 
left ; and the Committee recommend that the Bye-Laws on this 
subject should be most rigidly enforced. The Committee, after 
the most diligent attention to this subject, are not able to pro- 
pose any reform which can, and ought to be, effected by Law, or 
by the regulations of the town. 

They believe that if any change for the better can be effected, 
it must result from experiment and that this could be made by a 
voluntary association among individuals, who might, at a small 
expence, or at the expence of the town, under the direction of 
the Selectmen, ascertain whether any changes can be made 
whereby the business of the town might be done more con- 
veniently and advantageously than at present : and that while 
the present form of trucks continues, it would be most con- 
venient to the truck owners, and to those who employ them 
to have the length of the truck twenty four feet & six inches, 
and not twenty five feet as some of them now are. 

The Committee have proposed and herewith submit the votes 
they suppose to be proper on this subject for the consideration of 
[13O] the Town. The Committee also considered the cruelty, 
which is so often practised in the streets on horses used in the 
draft and are certain that they express the feelings of their fellow 
citizens, in reprobating this practice as inhuman, in those who 
are guilty of it; and as disgraceful to the town. 

It may not be proper to found legislative provisions upon those 
sentiments which are commonly felt for the most noble, generous, 
and useful of animals, but it is certainly, one of the most imperi- 
ous duties of all well ordered society, to prevent, whenever it can 
be done, oppression and cruelty. 

All citizens have a common right in the streets ; and the right 
to use them, without being afflicted by scenes of suffering, which 
are occasioned by mere wantonness and barbarity. 

The use of the whip is, sometimes necessary, and justifiable ; 
but all citizens whose business requires the power of horses, have, 
it is to be presumed, such, as can perform all proper and reason- 
able labor, by ordinary caution, and without distressing violence. 

It is believed to be no less for the interest, than it is the duty, 
of such citizens, not to take persons into employ, who have no 
feeling for the animals, which are submitted to their power, nor 
any regard, while exercising power, for the feelings of their fellow 
men. 

The Committee beg leave to offer to the town such votes on 
this subject as have appeared to them necessary, signed, 
W m . Sullivan, Josiah Bradlee, Eben r . Farley 
Benj. Rich, Tho". Badger, Isaac Winslow. Committee 
Boston June 4 th . 1817. 

The foregoing Report was read and accepted by the town, and 
the following Bye Laws were passed, and ordered to be laid before 
the Court of Session for confirmation. 



82 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

1 st . 

It is hereby ordered That no truck shall be used within the 
town of Boston, the length whereof from the end of the shaft, to 
the extreme end of the side shall be greater than twenty four feet 
and six inches ; and that any regulation or Bye Law now in force 
inconsistent with this provision, be and the same is hereby 
repealed ; and that if any truck shall hereafter be used of greater 
length than twenty four [131] feet and six inches the owner 
thereof shall forfeit and pay the sum of Five dollars for every 
time such truck is used. 

2 d . 

It is hereby Ordered That it shall be lawful to carry on any 
truck, Cart, or Waggon any load the weight whereof shall not 
exceed one ton and an half, excepting in the spring season ; and 
if any load shall be carried within the.town of greater weight than 
the aforesaid weight, on any truck, cart or waggon, the driver 
thereof and the owner thereof, shall severally forfeit and pay the 
sum of five dollars, excepting those loads which consist [of] one 
article which cannot be separated. 

3 d . 

It is hereby Ordered That the Selectmen be and they hereby 
are authorized and empowered to regulate and order from time to 
time, in the successive years, the weight of any loads, and of all 
loads, which may be carried within the town in the spring season, 
while the streets are liable to be injured by the carrying of heavy 
loads thereon ; and that it shall be the duty of the Selectmen to 
give public notice in each successive year of the day on which the 
restrictions which they make shall begin and end. 

4 th . 

It is hereby Ordered That if there shall be earned a greater 
weight, than the Selectmen may permit to be carried, in the 
spring season, there shall be forfeited and paid the sum of five 
dollars, to be recovered of the driver of the vehicle whereon the 
same is carried, or of the owner of such vehicle. 

Kth 

It is hereby Ordered That if any truck, or Cart, shall be so 
placed in any street, within this town, either to load or unload, 
as not to leave a sufficient space for the passing of any other 
truck, cart or carriage of any description, the owner of any truck 
or cart so placed, & the driver thereof, shall severally, forfeit, 
and pay, the sum of two dollars for every such offence. Pro- 
vided that it shall be lawful to take a reasonable time for the 
loading and unloading of heavy articles not exceeding six min- 
utes. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1817. 83 



[132.] It is hereby ordered That if any person who shall 
be employed in the driving or conducting of any cart, Waggon, 
truck carriage or other vehicle whatsoever, which is drawn by one 
horse, or more horses than one, shall unnecessarily & unreason- 
ably beat, or cruelly use any horse or horses, under his care or 
management, within the town of Boston, such person shall for- 
feit and pay the sum of Five Dollars ; and the Owner or owners 
of such Cart, Waggon, truck, carriage or other vehicle shall for- 
feit and pay the sum of Five Dollars for every such offence. 



It is hereby Ordered That all the aforegoing penalties and 
forfeitures shall be recovered on complaint, and on due proof 
and evidence, before any Justice of the Peace, together with 
costs of prosecution, to the use of the town of Boston. And 
that it shall be the duty of the officers of Police to complain of, 
and prosecute all offences herein provided against, which may 
come to their knowledge. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[133.] The Town met agreeably to an adjournment from the 
26 Ultim . 

The Moderator being absent 

Stephen Codman Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator Pro. Tem. 

The Committee to whom was referred the communication of 
Ward Nicholas Boylston Esquire with instructions to report a 
state of facts, and their opinion as to the best course to be taken 
by the town, have attended to that service, and Respectfully 
Report 

That the late Thomas Boylston by his last will and testament, 
on which pi-obate was granted in 1799 devised and bequeathed to 
the Town of Boston " all his estate personal and real" for certain 
uses and intentions in the same minutely set forth : a copy of 
which will is on the files of the town. 

The gross amount of property bequeathed to the town by this 
will, as far as your Committee can ascertain the same, after pay- 
ing the debts of the Testator, and not including arrears of in- 
terest, (if any is due) amounts to the sum of . - $68500 
in money, and in certain real estate set off on 
Execution for the sum of - 81500. 

$150000. 



84 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

The Committee have not added Interest, because none could 
fairly be calculated, except on the balance in the hands of the 
administrator, after deducting expences ; nor for a longer time 
than such balance was actually in his hands and as a consider- 
able portion of the above sum is in unproductive real estate & 
nearly fifty thousand dollars in the hands of the assignees under 
a former Commission of Bankruptcy against the Testator, and 
not reduced to the possession of the Administrator, it is the 
opinion of the Committee, that an interest account would not 
add much to the above sum. 

[134.] But even this sum is altogether nominal, and the 
Committee have no reason to believe, that if all controversy was 
at an end, the property could be made to produce more than 
seventy five thousand dollars. 

1 st . Because the nominal estimate of the real estate, is known 
to be vastly above its present value, as is proved by the fact, 
that the estate in Princetown set off for $46700 and two thou- 
sand dollars in addition, has been offered to the town as an 
equivalent for $15,000 only. 

2 d . Because the collection of this sum, under the peculiar 
embarrassments attending it, has been charged with very heavy 
expences, among which is an undisputed annuity of $520 to M r . 
Gill, and a litigated claim of 200 8t g . p annum to the former 
partner of the late M r . Boylston in England. 

Admitting therefore, that the Town could realize the benefits 
intended by the munificent Testator, it is probable, in the opinion 
of your Committee, that they would receive about Seventy five 
thousand dollars. 

Soon after the decease of M r . Boylston, his Will was commu- 
nicated to the inhabitants in legal town meeting assembled, and 
the Selectmen were constituted agents for the town with all 
necessary powers, to enforce the payment of this liberal donation. 
Having obtained advice of eminent Counsel, they caused proper 
legal measures to be instituted, and during the last fifteen years, 
there has been a continued litigation with the administrator, with- 
out obtaining any beneficial result or coming within the prospect 
of a favorable termination. 

During the whole of this perplexed & troublesome concern, 
the Gentlemen who have successively sat at the board of Select- 
men have bestowed on it an indefatigable and patient attention, 
which entitles them to the respect and gratitude of their constitu- 
ents ; and it [is] certainly not owing to any want of intelligence or 
fidelity on their part, that the town is yet kept out of the posses- 
sion of property, which it was the undoubted intention of the 
Testator should long since have been appropriated to their use. 

[135.] Peculiar difficulties attend the prosecution of the 
Town's claims ; chiefly however from the fact, that the will being 
made in a foreign Country, by a subject of the same, redress 
must be sought through the intervention of foreign Courts, and 
by the application of foreign Laws. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1817. 85 

Your Committee do not deem it useful to enumerate the 
difficulties in such a process ; nor can they decide between the 
conflicting opinion of Counsel as to its final result. In this 
doubtful course of litigation, they can find nothing certain, but 
continual accumulating, ruinous expence. 

As this expence must be borne by each of the parties, while 
the suit during its continuance, locks up the property from both, 
the administrator and the agents of the town have repeatedly 
turned their attention to the expediency of a compromise. 

M r . Boylston originally offered $10,000 in three per Cent 
Stock, for a full release ; but this sum was with great propriety 
rejected by the Selectmen. Fifteen thousand dollars were subse- 
quently offered, payable without interest in part, at a future day ; 
and Twenty five thousand demanded by the Selectmen ; at which 
stage of the business it was again brought before the Town, and 
the present Committee appointed to consider & report the best 
course to be adopted. 

Your Committee have the satisfaction to add, that the admin- 
istrator has well proposed to pay Twenty thousand dollars as a 
compensation for receiving a full discharge ; and has agreed that 
it shall bear interest from the day that his proposition is accepted 
by the Town ; which offer is more advantageous by six thousand 
two hundred dollars than any one hitherto made. 

The Committee unanimously recommend that this proposition 
be accepted by the Town ; and thus that an end be put to all 
further litigation and expence. It being understood, that this 
sum which will be freed from the incumbrances, which shackle 
the bequests of the will, and that it is to be used and appropri- 
ated as the Town in its wisdom shall be pleased to direct. In 
order to complete this Contract with M r . Boylston, and execute 
the legal instruments which are necessary to give efficacy to the 
compromise, the Committee have prepared the Vote hereunto 
annexed for the appi-obation of the Town. 

All which is respectfully submitted p r . order 

James T. Austin Chairman of the Committee. 

[136.] The foregoing representations were read & accepted, 
and Voted, That James T. Austin, Samuel Swett, Stephen 
Codman, Arnold Welles & Nathan Webb Esq rs . be appointed 
agents on the part of the Town of Boston, with full powers to 
make execute & deliver in due form of Law to Ward Nicholas 
Boylston Esquire but at his expence and cost full perfect & com- 
plete releases, acquittance and discharge of all & every claim and 
demand of said Town upon said Ward Nicholas Boylston in his 
capacity of Administrator with the will annexed, of the goods & 
estate, which were of Thomas Boylston, late of London, in the 
Kingdom of Great Britain, deceased : and of all legacies, rights 
and interest under the Will aforesaid which said release and 
discharge the said agents are authorized and empowered to make 
and deliver, if the said Ward Nicholas Boylston shall within 
sixty days from this date secure to said town of Boston by 



86 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Mortgage of real estate within the same to the satisfaction of 
said Agents, the payment of the sum of Twenty thousand dol- 
lars, by equal instalments in two, three, four and five years with 
interest from the date hereof annually on the whole sum that 
shall be due, except that no interest shall be payable until two 
years from this date. 

And that after the execution and delivery of the mortgage 
aforesaid by the said Boylston, that the Selectmen of said Boston 
be requested to execute and deliver to said Boylston all such re- 
leases and discharge at his expence, as may be necessary to exon- 
erate him from any liability to them in their capacity of Trustees 
under the will aforesaid 

Voted, That James T. Austin, Samuel Swett, Stephen Codman, 
Arnold Wells & Nathan Webb Esq r8 . be a Committee in addition 
to the Selectmen, to receive, adjust and bring to final settlement 
the accounts and demands for services of the several Gentlemen 
who have been employed as counsel in the suit of the Judge of 
Probate or of the Town against Ward Nicholas Boylston Esquire, 
administrator of the Estate of Thomas Boylston Esquire. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[137.] At a legal meetiug of the Inhabitants of the town of 
Boston held at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 5 tb . day of June 
A. D. 1817 11 O'Clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 
Stephen Codman Esq r . was chosen Moderator. 

This Meeting was called ' ' To adopt suitable measures to evi- 
dence the respect of the Inhabitants for the President of the 
United States, on his expected visit to this metropolis On 
Mo cion 

Voted, That a Committee of nine persons be chosen to consider 
and report to this meeting, what measures it will be expedient for 
the Town to adopt to express, their respect for the President of 
the United States, upon his expected visit. 

The following Gentlemen were nominated from the Chair and 
chosen on the Committee viz 1 . 

Hon ble . Harrison G. Otis Hon 1 . Wm. Gray 

Gen 1 . Arnold Welles James T. Austin Esq r . 

George Blake Esq r . Benjamin Russell Esq r . 

William Sullivan Esq r . William H. Sumner Esq r . 

Israel Thorndike Esq r . 

The above Committee reported the following resolutions which 
were read and unanimously adopted by the Town 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1817. 87 

Whereas the President of the United States is expected to visit 
this town, and it is the desire of the citizens that he should be 
received with all the demonstrations of respect and attention 
which are due to the station and character of the first Magistrate 
of the Union. 

[138.] Therefore Resolved That the Selectmen joined by 
a Committee of thirteen citizens, now to be chosen, be requested 
to provide for the suitable reception and accommodation of the 
President of the United States and his suit during their residence 
in the town. 

Resolved, That the Selectmen and the said Committee be requested 
to meet and receive the President of the United States upon his 
entrance into the Town, and that they, accompanied by such 
citizens as may attend them, and by such military escort as may 
be provided by the proper authorities, conduct him to his lodgings ; 
and that they, in behalf of the Citizens of Boston, present to him 
as expressive of the satisfaction felt by them, in the presence of 
so distinguished a visitor ; of their disposition & desire to con- 
tribute by all the means in their power to his comfort & pleasure 
during his stay in this Metropolis, and of their sincere wishes that 
his health may be preserved, that his administration may secure 
the peace & honor, promote the prosperity and command the 
gratitude and affection of a free people. 

Resolved, That said Committee may also make such arrange- 
ments for the occasion as they may deem expedient. 

Voted, that the Committee of nine chosen this day, with the 
addition of Major Gen 1 . Dearborn 

Tho 8 . H. Perkins 
James Prince and 
Aaron Hill Esquires 
be the Committee, named in the first resolution. 

Voted that the thanks of the Town be given to the Moderator 
for his services at this meeting. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[139.] The following address of the Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, to the President of the United States of 
America was agreeably to a vote of the Town at their late meet- 
ing, this day presented him by the Committee of arrangements. 

To the President of the United States 
Sir, 

The Citizens of Boston, by their Committee appointed for 
that purpose, beg leave to offer you their cordial and respectful 
salutations upon your arrival in their metropolis. 



88 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

The visit with which you are pleased to honour them, recalls 
to the recollection of many their interview with your illustrious 
predecessor, the Father of his Country, on a similar occasion. 
They remember with great satisfaction, the hope, the confidence, 
and the fond anticipation of national prosperity which his 
presence inspired ; and it is now, Sir, a subject of congratulation 
to you and to themselves, that after thirty years of eventful ex- 
periment, during conflicts and revolutions in the old world which 
have threatened all, and subverted many of its ancient govern- 
ments, the Constitution which was adopted under the auspices of 
that great man, has acquired vigour and maturity, and that in a 
season of profound peace his successor is permitted by the pros- 
perous state of public affairs, to follow his example, in visiting 
the extensive country over which he has recently been called to 
preside. 

While this journey affords to many of your [ 14:0] fellow citi- 
zens the opportunity and advantage of commencing with you a 
personal acquaintance, which is always desirable between a 
people and their rulers, they rejoice at the same time in the belief 
that the local information relative to the great and various 
interests of the United States, which you will derive from actual 
observation, will facilitate your arrangements for their defence 
and security ; and enable you to apply in practice, with additional 
confidence, and success, those principles of an elevated and im- 
partial policy which you have been pleased to promulgate as the 
basis of your intended administration. 

Called to the service of your Country at an early period of life, 
and distinguished in the arduous struggle which obtained its Inde- 
pendence, your subsequent occupations in successive important 
offices and various departments, at home & abroad, have afforded 
you the means of becoming conversant with the foreign and do- 
mestic relations of the Nation, and with those qualifications you 
are now raised to the highest dignity, which can be conferred by 
a free People. 

These public claims to consideration and attention from all 
descriptions of your fellow Citizens, are cheerfully admitted by 
the citizens of Boston, who are also desirous of evincing their 
respect for the unblemished tenor of your private character, and 
their sense of the urbanity and hospitality which peculiarly char- 
acterized your deportment towards all those of your countrymen, 
who during the period of your foreign embassies, were so fortu- 
nate as to come within [141] the sphere of your civilities and 
protection. 

It is therefore with real satisfaction, that they received you 
within the precincts of Boston ; and they pray you to be assured 
of their earnest solicitude to contribute by all the means at their 
command to your comfort and enjoyment during your residence 
in this Town. 

They also, confiding in the rectitude of your intentions and 
trusting that the powers vested in you by the Constitution, will 
be exercised with a sincere regard to the welfare of the people, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1817. 89 

whose precious interests are committed to your charge, avail 
themselves of this occasion, to express their ardent hope that the 
favorable circumstances which attend the commencement of your 
administration may with the blessing of Heaven, under your 
guidance, concur to promote the advancement of our beloved 
Country, to the highest possible condition of prosperity. 

With these sentiments they unite their best wishes for your 
health and happiness : and that the course and close of your ad- 
ministration may entitle you to the gratitude and affections of 
your constituents, and the respect of posterity. 
By order of the Committee. 

Charles Bulfinch 

Chairman. 

[142.] To which the President returned the following Answer. 

Fellow Citizens 

The kind reception which you have given me, 
on the part of the citizens of Boston, and which their conduct 
has so fully confirmed, has made a deep and lasting impression 
on my mind, which you will have the goodness to communicate to 
them. 

As no person is more willing than I am, in the discharge of 
my duty, according to the fair exercise of my judgment, to take 
example from the conduct of the distinguished men who have 
preceded me in this high trust [it] is particularly gratifying to me, 
to have recalled by this incident, to the memory of many who are 
now present, a like visit from the illustrious commander of our 
revolutionary army ; who by many other important services, had 
so just a claim to the revered title of Father of his country It 
was natural that the presence of a citizen, so respected and be- 
loved, who had so eminently contributed to the establishment of 
this government, and to whom its administration in the com- 
mencement had been committed, should inspire an enlightened, 
a virtuous and free people, with unlimited confidence in its suc- 
cess ; and it is a cause of general felicitation and joy to us all to 
find that thirty years successful experiment, have justified that 
confidence and realized our most sanguine hopes in its favour. 
Yes fellow [143] citizens, we instituted a government for the 
benefit of all ; a government which should secure to us the full 
enjoyment of all our rights, religious and civil ; and it has been 
so administered. 

Let us then unite in grateful acknowledgments to the Supreme 
Author of all good, for extending to us so great a blessing. Let 
us unite in fervent prayers, that He will be graciously pleased to 
continue that blessing to us, and our latest posterity. 

I accepted the trust, to which I have been called by my fellow 
citizens with diffidence, because I well knew the frailty of human 
nature, and had often experienced my own deficiencies. 

I undertook this tour, with a view and in the hope of acquiring 
knowledge which might enable me to discharge my various and 



90 CITY DOCUMEMT No. 128. 

important duties with greater advantage to my country, to which 
my whole mind, and unwearied efforts shall always be directed. 
In pursuing objects so dear to us all, I rely with confidence on 
the firm and generous support of my fellow Citizens throughout 
our happ Union. 

James Monroe. 



[144.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, held at Faneuil Hall on Friday the 
4 th day of July A. D. 1817 10 O'clock A. M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 
Thomas Clark was chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed the last year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Indepen- 
dence Reported That they had chosen Edward T. Channing 
Esq r . who had accepted the appointment. 

Adjourned to meet at the old South Church at 12 Oclock M. 

Met at the Old South church where an Oration was delivered 
by Edward T. Channing Esq r . to commemorate the Independence 
of the United States of America. 

Voted That the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a 
Committee to wait on Edward T. Channing Esq r . in the name of 
the Town, and thank him for the elegant and spirited Oration this 
day delivered by him at the request of the Town, upon the anni- 
versary of American Independence in which were considered the 
feelings, manners and principles which produced the great National 
event, and the important and happy effects general and domestic, 
which have already or will forever flow from that auspicious 
epoch, and to request of him a copy for the press. 

Voted, That the Gentlemen Selectmen be and hereby are ap- 
pointed a Committee to apply to some able and learned Gentleman 
to deliver an Oration on [145] the 4 th July 1818. That day 
being the Anniversary of the Independence of the United States 
of America ; wherein the orator is to consider the feelings, man- 
ners, and principles which led to this great national event as well 
as the important and happy effects which have already, or will 
forever flow from that Auspicious Epoch. 

Then this meeting was Dissolved. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1817. 91 

[146.] At a convention of the Boards of Selectmen, Over- 
seers of the Poor and Board of Health of the Town of Boston 
held at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 24 th day of July A. D. 1817 
4 O'clock P. M. 

Present A Majority of each Board. 

Voted to proceed to the choice of a Town Treasurer for the 
year ensuing. 

Mess Hunnewell & Jackson a Committee, to receive, sort and 
count the votes. 

Votes being taken for a Town Treasurer, Andrew Sigourney 
Esq r . was declared to be unanimously Chosen. 

Voted to come to the choice of one Collector of taxes for the 
ensuing year. 

Votes being taken, Andrew Sigourney Esq r . was chosen unani- 
mously. 

M r . Sigourney having been notified of his appointment to the 
above offices, declared his acceptance; and proposed Hon. Jona- 
than Hunnewell and Benj. Weld sq r . as his Bondsmen. 

Voted that the above named Gentlemen be accepted as M r . 
Sigourneys bondsmen, and that they execute a bond of Twenty 
thousand dollars as Treasurer, and another bond for the same 
sum as Collector of taxes. 

Voted That Turner Phillips, Ozias Goodwin & Benj. Whitman 
Esq rs . be a committee to see that the Bonds are given by the 
Treasurer & Collector of Taxes, and that he is qualified accord- 
ing to law. 

[147.] A memorial from a number of the Inhabitants, pro- 
posing that a suitable salary be annexed to the office of Chairman 
of the Selectmen and the vote of the Town thereon, referring 
the subject to this Convention, were now read and considered 
and 

Voted, That in the opinion of this convention, it is expedient 
and proper that a suitable compensation be annexed to the office 
of Chairman of the Selectmen. 

Voted That a Salary of one thousand dollars be paid to the 
Chairman of the Selectmen from the Town Treasury for the 
present year. 

Convention Dissolved. 



92 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

[148.] At a legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston, duly qualified to vote for Representatives in the 
General Court of this Commonwealth, held at Faneuil Hall on 
Monday the 17 th . day of November A. D. 1817. 

10 O'Clock A. M. 

Prayer by Rev. M r . Dwight. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

A precept from the Governor & Council directing the Select- 
men to call a meeting for choice of a Member of Congress, in the 
room of the Hon. James Lloyd, resigned, was al'so read. 

The Inhabitants were requested to bring in their votes for a 
Representative for the Suffolk District, in the Congress of the 
United States & that the Selectmen propose to close the Poll at 
half past one O'clock. 

Persons Voted for as a Representative for the Suffolk District 
in this Commonwealth in the present Congress of the United 
States viz. 

Hon. Jonathan Mason 1664 
Andrew Ritchie Esq r . 1376 
Hon. Daniel Webster 7 

W m . Sullivan 4 W m . H. Sumner 2. 6 
John Welles 1 Rich'd Sullivan 1 - 2 

James T. Austin - 1 P. O. Thatcher - - 1 - 2 

Tho 8 . H. Perkins 1 R. G. Amory 1 - 2 

Ben. Russell 1 Jacob Stearns - - 1 - 2 

Frederick F. Lane 1 W m . Wood 1 - 2 

Dan 1 . Treadwell 1 Ab m . F. Howe - - 1 2 



3065 

A return of the doings of this meeting [149] was made out, 
conformable to the printed directions of the General Court and 
delivered by the Town Clerk to the Sheriff of the County of 
Suffolk. 

Then this Meeting was Dissolved. 



1818. 

[15O.] At a meeting of the Male Citizens of the Town of 
Boston, held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 9 th . day of March 
A.D. 1818. 

10 O'Clock A.M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1818. 93 

Prayer by Rev. M r . Ballon. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Law respecting the Election of Town Officers read. 

Hon. John Phillips Esq r . chosen Moderator. 

Thomas Clark, was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensuing, 
and the oath of Office was administered to him by the Moderator 

Turner Phillips Joseph Austin 

Ebenezer Oliver Henry Bass 

Jonathan Hunnewell Samuel Don- 

Joseph Levering Enoch Silsby and 

Henry Farnum Esquires 
were Chosen Selectmen for the year ensuing. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be presented to Charles 
Bulfinch Esq r . for his able and faithful services as a Selectman 
for twenty two years nineteen of which he with great ability dis- 
charged the duties of Chairman of that board. 

The oath of office was administered to [151] the eight first 
named Selectmen by the Moderator. 

Hon. William Phillips Joseph Richards 

Redford Webster Jonathan Phillips 

Thomas Perkins Samuel May 

Samuel Snelling Jacob Hall 

William Mackay Edward Tuckennan Jr. & 

Joseph Coolidge Jr. Samuel H. Walley Esq r . 

were chosen Overseers of the Poor and of the work house for the 

year ensuing. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given Ozias Goodwin 
Esq r . for his faithful services as one of the Overseers of the Poor 
for many years past. 

Voted That in addition to the Selectmen twelve persons shall 
now be Chosen a School Committee; and the votes being col- 
lected it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen viz. 
Doct. Aaron Dexter Charles Davis Esq r . 

" Thomas Welch [152] Francis J. Oliver 
" John C. Warren Peter O. Thatcher 

Rev. Charles Lowell William Wells 

Horace Holley Benjamin Russell & 

Joshua Huntington Henry J. Oliver Esq r 

Voted, That the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly with 
the Selectmen are termed the School Committee, be and hereby 



94 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



are directed to carry the System of education adopted by the 
town into operation, and that said Committee be also authorized 
and empowered conjunctly to manage and regulate the Govern- 
ment of the Schools, and to execute all the powers relative to the 
Schools and School Masters which the Selectmen or such Com- 
mittees are authorised by the laws of this Commonwealth or by 
the votes of the Town to exercise. 



Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to Thomas 
Wigglesworth Esq r . for his services as one of the School Com- 
mittee for several years past. 

Voted That the Thanks of the Town be given to Joseph Tilden 
Esq r . for his faithful services as one of the fire Wards for 
several years past. 



Thomas Melville 
Andrew Cunningham 
John Winslow 
Stephen Codman 
Jonathan Hunnewell 
Daniel Messenger 

[153.] Joshua Davis 

Benjamin Smith 
James Phillips 
Nathaniel Curtis 
Bryant P. Tilden 
Nathan "Webb 

were chosen Fire Wards for the 



Samuel M. Thayer 
Joseph Austin 
Benjamin Rich 
Joseph Levering 
Gedney King 
Francis J. Oliver 
John D. Williams 
William Harris 
Jonathan Loring 
John Mackay 
Turner Phillips & 
Lemuel Shaw Esq 
year ensuing. 



Votes were received for a Treasurer for the County of Suffolk, 
by the Moderator & Town Clerk, when it appeared that John 
Winslow Esq r . had one hundred & ninety five votes and Jonathan 
Hunnewell Esq r . one Vote. 



Mess re . Benjamin White [154] 
William Clouston 
Nathaniel Bradlee 
Noah Doggett 
Braddock Loring 
Thomas Christie 
William Green 
Eleazer Homer 
Joseph Stodder 
Allen Bowker 
were chosen Surveyors of Lumber. 

Mess. Henry Purkitt 
Benjamin Clark 



William Ellison 
Nathaniel Glover 
John Howe Jr. 
Richard Thayer 
Edward J. Robbins 
Henry Blake 
Joseph Tucker 
Moses Eayers Jr. 
Benjamin Harris & 
Oliver Mills 



were chosen Cullers of Hoops & Staves. 



Nathaniel Howe & 
Benjamin Owen 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1818. 95 

Mess. Thomas Barbour Benjamin Owen 

Nathaniel Howe James Brown 

Benjamin Clark William J. Hammatt 

Charles Pook Thomas Lombard & 

John Bannister Walter Jackson 
were chosen Cullers of Dry Fish. 

Mess. Benjamin White William Ellison & 

Nathaniel Bradlee John Howe Jr. 

were chosen Fence Viewers for the year ensuing. 

[155.] Mess. Barney Sloan Joseph Selaway 

Joseph Champney Neddy Curtis & 

James Baxter 
were chosen Hogreeves & Haywards for the year ensuing. 

Samuel Emmons and 
James Phillips Esq rs . 
were chosen Surveyors of Hemp. 

Edward Tuckerrnan & 
Josiah Snelling Esq. 
were chosen Surveyors of Wheat. 

Mess. John Wells and 
Nathaniel Alley 
were chosen Assay Masters. 

Mess. Michael Homer 

Francis James and 
Samuel Sprague 
were chosen Inspectors of Lime. 

The Selectmen were chosen Surveyors of High Way. 

Voted, That Stephen Codman, Francis J. Oliver and Robert 
G. Shaw Esq. be, and hereby are appointed a Committee to 
audit the Accounts of the Town Treasurer and said Committee 
are directed to report the Sum necessary to be raised for the 
services of the present year. 

Voted, That the consideration of all money matters be referred 
to the May meeting. 

The Article in the Warrant "to take into consideration the 
petition of David Greenough & others before [156] the Legisla- 
ture for a new market " was taken up and Committed to 
Hon. John Wells Esq r . William Sullivan 

Thomas Badger James T. Austin 

Samuel Hubbard Joshua Davis & 

Jonathan Loring Esq r . 



96 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Voted That the Above Committee be instructed to consider the 
expediency of enlarging the Market, and also the mode of effect- 
ing that Object. 

On the Application of Jacob Tidd Junior 

Voted, That the Selectmen or a major part of them be a Com- 
mittee to fill and dispose of a lot of land belonging to the Town, 
bounded on Ivers & Portland Streets, on such terms as they shall 
deem to be for the interest of the Town ; and to make and exe- 
cute a deed of the same to the purchaser according to Law. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to the Moderator, 
and then the Meeting was 

Dissolved. 



[157.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of twenty one years of age and upwards, qualified as 
the Constitution prescribes, & legally warned & assembled at 
Faneuil Hall on Monday the sixth day of April A. D. 1818. 9 
O'clock A. M. 

Prayer by Rev. M r . Eaton. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or Frame of Government rela- 
tive to the choice of Governor, Lieutenant Governor & Senators 
read. 

Law of the Commonwealth dividing the State into Districts for 
the choice of Counsellors and Senators read. 

It was afterwards determined that the Poll should be closed at 
2 O'clock, the Bells to Commence tolling at half past one. 

Persons voted for as Governor with the number of votes for 
each person viz. 

His Excellency John Brooks 2,999 

Hon. Benjamin W. Crowninshield - 744 

Hon. Benjamin Austin -- 3 

Hon, Henry Dearborn - 1 

3,747 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1818. 



97 



Persons voted for as Lieutenant Governor, with the number of 



Votes for each person viz. 

His Honor William Phillips ------ 

Hon Thomas Kittredge - - - 
Hon Joseph B. Varnum 1. Ch 8 . Callender 1 - 
Josiah Quincy 3. W m . Lawrence 2 - - 
John Bellows 1. Henry Homer 1 - - - 



2,984 

760 

2 

5 

2 

3,753 



[158.] Persons voted for as Counsellors & Senators for the 
District of Suffolk, with the number of Votes for each person, viz. 



" Josiah Quincy - - 
4t Jonathan Hunnewell 


c 


. < 


3,815 
>,933 
>,976 
2,939 
2,942 
776 
771 
753 
697 
737 
737 
76 
38 
- 1 
- 1 

- 2 
1 

- 1 
- 3 

- 6 

- 3 
. 4 


" Artemas Ward - - 
" Andrew Richie Eqs r . 
" Henry Dearborn - - 

't A^TiHiam C^ra\r 


4 
1 


" Samuel Brown - 
William Little Es< 
William Ingalls - 
Thomas Badger - 
James T. Austin 
Alex r . H. Everett 
Benjamin Russell Esq r . - - 
Jeremiah Fitch - - - - 
John Lowell 
Daniel Jackson - - - - 


l r - 





7 
1 
4 
1 
3 
1 
1 
3 
3 
3 
5 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 
3 
1 
1 
4 
8 
2 
1 
4 
1 


Benjamin Smith - - - 
Joseph N. Howe - - - 
Samuel Swett - - - - 
Simeon Gardner - - - 
Daniel Messinger - - 
Lemuel Shaw - - - - 
Benj". Whitman - - - 
Eben Clough - - - - 


Amos Binney - - - - - 
Sam 1 . H. Walley - - - - 
Benjamin Austin - - - - 
Ch 8 . P. Sumner - - - - 
Aaron Hill 
Charles Austin - - - - 
Samuel Hubbard - - - - 
Richard Sullivan - - - - 
Nath 1 . P.) Hunt - - - - 
Thomas Melvill - - - - 
William Tudor Jr. ... 
William Lawrence - - - 
John Wells 




. 4. 


Geo. Sullivan ... - 
Jos. F. Bordman - - - 
John Fitch - 


- 1 
- 1 
. 1 


Lorenzo Knapp - - - 
Dan 1 . Webster ... 
Samuel Cobb - - - - 
Benjamin Gorham - - 
Georsre Cabot - 


- 1 

- 7 
- 1 
- 1 
I 


John Gray 


. 1 
. i 


[159.] Joseph Tilden - 
William Sullivan - - - - 
Daniel Parkman - ... 
Caleb Loring - - - - - 
George Hal let - - - - 


Tristram Barnard - - 
Henry S. Low ... 
Jon a . Loring - - - - 
James Robinson ... 
Peter Mclntosh - - - 


- 3 
- 2 
- 1 
- 1 
- 1 





98 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

George Hastings - - - - 1 Gideon Snow ----- 1 

John Roulstone - - - - 1 Joseph Eaton 2 

William Sturgis - - - - 1 Nath 1 . Goddard - - - - 1 

Attested copies of Return of the Persons voted for as Governor, 
Lieutenant Governor, Counsellors & Senators for the District of 
Suffolk, were sealed up in open town Meeting (after the vote had 
been declared), to be transmitted to the Secretary of the Com- 
monwealth as prescribed by Law, and directed as follows viz. 

To Alden Bradford Esq r . Secretary of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts. Votes of the Town of Boston for Governor & 
Lieutenant Governor, sealed up in open Town Meeting. 

Also for six Counsellors & Senators for the District of Suffolk, 
directed in the same manner. 

Then this Meeting was Dissolved. 



[16O.] At a meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of twenty one years of age and upwards, qualified as 
the Constitution prescribes held at Faneuil Hall, on Thursday the 
14 th day of May A.D. 181810 O'Clock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev. M r . Parkman. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraphs of the Constitution relating to the choice of Repre- 
sentatives read. 

The Inhabitants were requested to bring in their votes for one, 
or more persons to represent the Town in the next General 
Court. 

The Poll was closed at half past One O'clock when it appeared 
that the whole number of votes given in was 796 
necessary to make a choice 399 

The following Gentlemen had a majority of Votes, and were 
declared to be duly elected Representatives for the year ensuing. 

Viz. 

Mess. Stephen Codman Benjamin Russell 

Benjamin Whitman Charles Davis 

William H. Sumner Nathan 1 . Curtis 

John Howe Jonathan Loring 

Benjamin Gorham Benjamin Smith 

John Cotton Benjamin Rand 

David Sears Francis Bassett 
Enoch Silsby 

Then this Meeting was Dissolved. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1818. 99 

[161.] At a legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 25 th . day of May 
A.D. 1818. 

10 O'clock. A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 
Joseph Phillips Esq r . chosen Moderator. 

Edward Tuckerman William Hammatt 

William Dall Peter O. Thatcher Esq r . & 

Joshua Davis Thomas Dawes Esq r . were 
Chosen Trustees of Neck Lands. 

Mess. Romanus Emerson & 

Abel He wens were chosen 
Fence Viewers for the District of South Boston. 

The Article in the Warrant " to determine if the Town will 
furnish the funds necessary for erecting two additional School 
houses, which the School Committee at a legal Meeting on the 
15 th inst voted were necessary " was taken up & on 
Motion 

Voted That the Town Treasurer be authorized to borrow on the 
credit of the Town a sum not exceeding twenty thousand Dollars 
for the express purpose of erecting two additional School houses 
in the Town for the use of the Town ; which schools shall be 
called the Boylston town Schools and that the like sum of twenty 
thousand Dollars from the money secured to be paid to the 
Town [162] by Ward N. Boylston Esq r . arising out of the 
will of the late Thomas Boylston of London Esq r . deceased, with 
the Interest accruing thereon, be appropriated to the discharge of 
this debt. 

The Report of the Auditors of the Town Treasurers Accounts 
and of the Committee of Finance being read. 

It was Voted, That the Report of the Committee on the 
finances of the Town be Committed to 

Benjamin Austin James Savage 

Benjamin AVeld Joseph Adams 

Alexander Townsend Esq r8 - 

who are authorized to print the whole or any part of said report 
they may think proper, and distribute the same for the informa- 
tion of the inhabitants, four days previous to the 4 th . June next. 

The Committee appointed by the Town to take into consider- 
ation the petition of David Greenough and others before the 
Legislature for a new Market, and also instructed to consider the 
expediency of enlarging the Market and the mode of effecting 



100 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

that Object have attended to the Duty assigned them and with 
due respect for the character & enterprize of the petitioners ask 
leave to report. 

That in the year 1633 a grant of a fair or Market was made 
to the Town of Boston and that independently of this grant it 
is a right [163] of the Town to hold the present Market called 
Faneuil Hall Market in virtue of long continued usage undis- 
turbed by the erection of any other Market place in its vicinity. 
Your Committee are decided in their opinion that it would be 
highly inexpedient to consent to the establishment of a Market 
near to or (like the one proposed by the petitioners) in contact 
with Faneuil Hall Market as it would not only endanger the gov- 
ernment, regulation and control thereof, but would essentially 
injure the rights and property of the town, by competition and 
interference and a diminution of the rents & income of the Town 
which might be exposed to a total loss and that this effect might 
and probably would be produced without any corresponding benefit 
to the inhabitants in the reduction of the prices of provisions. 

That the public convenience does not require the erection of 
the proposed market, as the Boy Is ton market is far from being 
crowded, and alterations may be made in Faneuil Hall Market 
which will render it, as convenient as the inhabitants can reason- 
ably expect in the present state of the town, and will besides 
effect many important alterations in the streets which are near 
the Market place. 

The Committee are therefore unanimously of opinion that the 
selectmen should be requested to oppose the petition of David 
Greenough Esq. and others now before the legislature for a new 
Market this part of the report was accepted [164] and, 
Voted, Unanimously, That the petition of David Greenough 
Esq r . & Others to erect a new Market in the vicinity of the old 
Market near Faneuil Hall would if granted operate injuriously to 
the rights and interest of the town, and that the Selectmen be 
requested to use their influence to prevent the same being granted 
by the legislature. 

The remainder of the Report was ordered to be printed and 
distributed for the information of the Inhabitants. 

The application of a number of the Inhabitants for the estab- 
lishment of Schools for the instruction of children under seven 
years of age, was read, and Committed to 

Bedford Webster Samuel May 

Thomas L. Winthrop John D. Williams 

Elisha Ticknor James Savage 

James Prince Benjamin West & 

Thomas Jackson Esq r . 
to consider and report thereon at the Adjournment. 

Adjourned to Thursday the 4 th day of June next 10 O'clock 
A.M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1818. 101 

[165.] Thursday June 4 th 1818 

The Town met according to adjournment. 

The Moderator being absent 

Benjamin Weld Esq r . was chosen Moderator. Pro. Tern. 

The Committee appointed by the Town of Boston on the 9 th . 
day of March last " To audit the Accounts of the Town Treas- 
urer & Collector " with directions also to report the sum necessary 
to be raised for the services of the present year, Respectfully 
Report, that they have so far attended the services assign'd them, 
by examining the Town Treasurer & Collectors Accounts of 
receipts and payments for the year past, and find them right cast 
and well vouched, and that there results a balance in the hands 
of Andrew Sigourney Esq r . the Treasurer, of Twenty one thou- 
sand, five hundred and fifty four dollars and eighty three cents 
belonging to the Town, this Account which is handed herewith, 
includes all the drafts made on the Treasurer by the Boards of 
Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor and the board of health, who 
are authorized by the Town to appropriate the Town's money for 
the several purposes within their respective departments, the par- 
ticulars of which will appear by the statements which are annu- 
ally made to the Town by the standing Committee of Finance, 
to which report your Committee also refer the Town for amount 
of the Sum necessary to be raised for the services of the present 
year All which is respectfully submitted by order of the Com- 
mittee of Auditors. Boston May 18, 1818 Stephen Codman 

Chairman. 

[166.] The Committee to whom was submitted on the 25 th . 
ult. the report of the Committee of Finance made the following 
report 

The Committee to whom was referred the report of the Commit- 
tee of Finance ha\ing complied with the request of the Town in 
" printing and distributing the same for the information of the 
Citizens," have also taken into consideration the mode to be 
adopted in future, previous to granting the Annual Taxes 
which will be submitted to the Town at the adjournment on 
Thursday next. 

It is requested there may be a full meeting to consider the 
Subject as it is of the highest importance, that while the Citizens 
are so prompt in the payment of taxes, a more particular detail 
of such expences should in future be exhibited, in order that 
they may obtain the fullest information on their money concerns, 
before they assemble in Town Meeting to grant the supplies 

Benjamin Austin 

Chairman. 



102 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Sixth annual Report of the Committee of Finance of the Town 
of Boston 

The Committee of finance of the Town of Boston consisting of 
the Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor, and Board of health, having 
attended to the duty assign'd them by the Town, have examined the 
books of the Treasurer and collector, and are [167] satisfied with 
the diligence and attention of that officer and with the accuracy 
of his accounts. They present the following Report. 

The Amount of Warrants for taxes in 1817 given to the 
Treasurer and Collector, were for State Tax 

$22,000.00 
Town & County tax 141,643.40 



$163,643.40 

Amount received by the Treasurer from October 1, 1817 to 

May 18. 1818 $153,669.00 

Amount of abatements 6,943.60 

Balance remaining uncollected 3,030.80 



$163,643.40 

From which it appears, that the whole tax has been paid or 
settled in less than eight months, excepting about $3000 dollars, 
from which the Treasurer estimates nearly 1000 may be collected ; 
your committee cannot refrain from expressing their opinion that 
this promptness is honorable to the Treasurer and to the Inhab- 
itants ; and is an evidence of well arrang'd financial concerns. 
The following is a statement of the Towns Debts and Credits. 
Town of Boston D r . 

On State Tax $10,000. 

County of Suffolk 8,000 

Notes due to several Persons 21,500 

Selectmen of Boston for M rs . Brooker's Dona- 
tion, a fund, the Interest of which is paid 
annually to Widows & Sick Persons - - - 1230. 

Balances unpaid on Selectmen & Overseers 

Ace". 223.44 

Unliquidated Accounts - 5,046.56 



46,000.00 

[168.] Town of Boston C r . 

By Several Notes for land &c. 3,739.73 

Due for State Poor 7,000. 

Taxes uncollected estimated to produce - - 1,000. 

Cash in Treasury 21,554.83 

Balance - - - 12,705.44 

46,000.00 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1818. 103 

The balance of the Account current last year 

was 38,601.87 

The above Statement shows it to be at present 12,705.44 



And exhibits the Sum paid this year of the 

old debt 25,396.43 

A calculation was made in the last years report to pay off 
14,000 dollars, of the old debt, this has not only been realized 
but a much larger sum has been paid. 

The demands on the Town as before stated - $46,000 
Add thereto for current expences of the year as 

follows : 

For Selectmen's department - - 70,000. 
For Overseers of the Poor - - - 30,000. 

For Board of Health 7,000 

107,000. 

Amount of State Tax 22,000. 

Amount of County Tax 22,000. 

Interest on Outstanding debts 2,700. 



Exhibits the Amount to be paid this year = $199,700.00 

To be Provided for as follows. 

From Money in the Treasury 21,554.83 

From Notes becoming due -- - 3,739.73 

From Commonwealth for Poor - 7,000.00 

Rents of Town House &c 15,000.00 

Taxes receivable outstanding - 1,000.00 

Amount assessed for State Tax $22,000. 

Amount assessed for County Tax 22,000. 

Amount assessed for Town Tax 107,405.44= 151,405.44 



$199,700,00 
[169.] Bro*. forward $199,700.00 

Addition for probable abatement 10,000.00 



$209,700.00 

The Committee recommend that the Town should vote a Tax of 
107,405 Dollars and 10,000 in addition, to meet the abatements, 
this Amount will defray the current expences of the year and 
pay off the balance of the towns debt. 

Respectfully submitted by order of the 
Committee of Finance. 

Turner Phillips 

Chairman. 

The foregoing report was read and accepted by the Town 
and 



104 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Voted That the sum of One hundred and seventeen thousand 
four hundred and five Dollars, be" raised by a Tax to be assessed 
upon the Polls and Estates of the Inhabitants of the Town to de- 
fray the expences of the Town the present year. 

Upon the representation and exhibition of the doings and pro- 
ceedings of Andrew Sigourney Esq. Treasurer and Collector of 
Taxes of the Town of Boston the last year. 

Voted That the Town of Boston highly approve of the conduct 
of said Andrew Sigourney Esq. in the said Offices of Treasurer & 
Collector and that he has faithfully and fully as was in his power 
completed the execution of his duty in said offices to which he has 
been appointed as aforesaid and that he be excused from all de- 
linquency [17O] or default in not having effected the full and 
complete settlement of the Taxes by him to have been received or 
collected according to law. 

Voted That the Treasurer be authorized to borrow a sum not 
exceeding Seventy thousand Dollars if the same should be found 
necessary for the Service of the Town. 

The proposition of the Committee of which the Hon. Benjamin 
Austin was chairman were committed to 

Mess. H. G. Otis James Prince 

James T. Austin S. A. Wells 

S. Swett 
to consider and report at a future meeting. 

Voted That the report of the Committee of which the Hon. 
John Wells is Chairman subside for the present and the com- 
munication of David Greenough Esq r . & others committed to 
Mess. H. G. Otis J. Wells 

J. Prince B. Austin 

J. Savage B. Weld 

R. Webster Esq. 

Voted there be allowed and paid unto the Hon. Thomas Dawes 
the sum of Seven hundred and fifty Dollars as his Salary as 
Judge of the Municipal Court for this present year. 

[171.] Voted That there be allowed and paid unto Thomas 
Clark, Town Clerk, the sum of One thousand Dollars as his Salary 
for the present year. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid out of the Treasury of 
the Town of Boston the Sum of One thousand Dollars to each of 
the permanent Assessors of the Town of Boston for the present 
year. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1818. 105 

Voted That the consideration of the Salary of Andrew Sigourney 
Esq r . be deferred to the Adjournment. 

Adjourned to Thursday June 11 th 

Thursday June 11 th 1818 
The Town met agreeable to adjournment. 

The Moderator pro-Tempore, inform 'd the Inhabitants that the 
Town Clerk was unable to attend at this meeting, being confined 
at his house by sickness, whereupon it was moved and voted to 
choose a Clerk pro. tempore a nomination being called for, and the 
question taken, Turner Phillips was declared to be chosen. 

The following report of the Committee of which Redford 
Webster Esq r . was Chairman was then read. 

The Committee appointed at the Town Meeting on the 25 th . 
ultimo to consider the subject of the petition of a number of the 
inhabitants for the establishment by the Town, of schools for 
children under Seven years of [172] age, having attentively 
considered it, ask leave respectfully to Report 

That in their opinion the opening of such schools for children 
under the age of seven years is highly expedient and necessary ; 
that several hundred children of that age do not attend any 
school, because the charity schools are in most instances provided 
only for female children being under the inspection of ladies, 
their founders, and the private schools are so expensive, that 
many parents find it difficult to defray that expense ; that the 
examination of the circumstances of the several parts of the 
Town in this respect made last July, presented a return by which 
it is found, that two hundred and eighty three children between 
the age of four & seven years did not attend any school, but 
from enquiry of some of the Gentlemen who made the return, the 
committee are satisfied, that many children of that age were 
omitted, their parents or guardians being unwilling to acknowl- 
edge that they were sent to no school ; that the Committee with 
greater confidence recommend the the adoption of such a course, 
because most of the towns in this Commonwealth provide 
Schools for Children of four years old equally with others, and 
[173] particularly is this adhered to in the large Towns of 
Salem, Newbury Port and Portland ; that the best mode of 
providing such schools seems to them to be by the guidance and 
direction of three Gentlemen from each Ward, of sufficient 
activity, firmness, discretion and energy, to be nominated by the 
School Committee ; Wherefore they conclude by submitting the 
following resolutions to introduce the proposed experiment. 

Voted That the School Committee be instructed in the month 
of June annually to nominate and appoint three Gentlemen in 
each ward, whose duty collectively, shall be to provide instruc- 



106 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

tion for children between four & seven years of age, and appor- 
tion the expences among the several schools. 

Voted, that five thousand dollars be appropriated out of the 
Town Treasury for the purpose in the foregoing vote expressed, 
to be paid by the Treasurer on warrants drawn on him in the 
same manner as warrants are for the expences of the other Town 
Schools 

By Order of the Committee 

Redford Webster 
June 3 rd 1818. 

[174.] The foregoing report of the Committee to consider the 
petition of a number of the inhabitants for the establishment by 
the town, of schools for children under seven years of age was 
accepted and five thousand dollars added to the estimate of the 
expenses of the ensuing year to carry the same into effect. 

Voted That the Committee who have under consideration the 
propositions made to the town by the Committee to whom was 
referred the report of the Committee of finance be requested to 
report at the adjournment. 

The consideration of the report of the Committee to whom was 
referred the proposals of David Greenough & others was post- 
poned to the adjournment. 

Adjourned to Thursday 25 th . inst. 
[175.] Thursday June 25 th 1818. 

The Town met according to adjournment. 

The Committee to whom was referred the proposals of David 
Greenough & others of the 4 th inst. made a report, which was 
read & considered, & the subject referred to the next March 
meeting. 

The printed report of the Committee on subject of the Market 
was indefinitely postponed. 

The Committee to whom was referred sundry Motions referred 
by a former Committee for the consideration of the Town, beg 
leave to report the same as taken into a new draft as follows. 

Voted, That the annual report and estimate of the Committee 
of finance on the subject of Taxes and supplies for the current 
year shall in future be printed under the direction of the Select- 
men and distributed by the Constables among the Inhabitants 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1818. 107 

four days at least previously to the meeting of the Town to act 
upon those subjects ; and that said report be accompanied by 
statements of the receipts and expenditures of the Town for the 
past year as far as the same can be ascertained, distinguishing as 
nearly as may be the expenses incurred for paving, laying out 
and improving the streets, for compensations made to individuals, 
for land taken for public uses ; for the purchase of oil and light- 
ing the lamps ; for the pay of Watchmen, salaries for police & 
Municipal Officers, For [176] Public Schools and salaries to the 
preceptors & assistants, For Printing and Stationery ; for the 
improvement and repairs of the Common. Also a statement 
of the receipts arising from the Franklin, Boylston and other 
donations and their appropriations, from licenses to hackney 
coachmen and others, from the market house, stalls and 
public buildings, from fines and forfeitures paid into the 
Treasury of the Town, and generally of all other receipts and 
expenditures, so as to afford a clear & succinct view of the same. 
Also a statement of the real estate and other property belonging 
to the Town, with the respective rents and incomes thereof. 

Voted, That a Committee of three persons be appointed by the 
Town at their annual meeting to examine the report of receipts 
and expenditures made by the Committee of Finance, in order to 
ascertain whether any savings or retrenchments may be made in 
the public expences. 

Voted That the Selectmen be requested to use all the means in 
their power to obtain from the Court of Sessions from time to 
time, the estimates for County Taxes, intended to be applied for 
to the Legislature before the making of any such application 
and that such estimates together with the sums which from year 
to year may be assessed upon the inhabitants for the Towns 
proportion of county taxes be [177] also printed and distributed 
with the report of the Committee of Finance. 

H. G. Otis 
Chairman per Order. 

The foregoing Report was read & accepted. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid to Andrew Sigourney 
Esq r . Three thousand five hundred Dollars, in full for his services 
as Town Treasurer & Collector of Taxes, for Clerk hire and all 
other expences in the delivery of tax bills and collection of 
Taxes. 

John Bray Esq. was chosen a Fireward in place of Bryant P. 
Tilden Esq r . resigned. 

Joseph Cabot was chosen a Hogreeve & Hay ward. 



108 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

[178.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston held at Faneuil Hall on Saturday, the 4 th . 
day of July A.D. 1818, 10 o'clock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the meeting read. 
Thomas Clark was chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed the last year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an oration on the Anniversary of Indepen- 
dence ; Reported : That they had chosen Francis C. Gray, Esq r . 
who had accepted the appointment. 

Adjourned to meet at the Old South Church at 12 o'clock, M. 

Met at the Old South Church where an oration was delivered 
by Francis C. Gray Esq r . to commemorate the Independence of 
the United States of America. 

Voted : that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a 
Committee to wait on Francis C. Gray Esq r . in the name of the 
Town, and thank him for the elegant and spirited Oration this 
day delivered by him, at the request of the Town, upon the anni- 
versary of American Independence, in which were considered the 
feelings, manners, and principles, which produced the great 
national event, and the important and happy effects general and 
domestic which have already, or will forever flow from that 
auspicious epoch, and to request of him a copy for the press. 

[179.] Voted: that the Gentlemen Selectmen be and hereby 
are appointed a Committee to apply to some able and learned 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . day of July, 1819 
(the 4 th . day of July in that year falling on a Sunday) The 5 tu . 
will be celebrated as the anniversary of the Independence of the 
United Stales of America : wherein the orator is to consider the 
feelings, manners and principles which led to this great national 
event, as well as the important and happy effects, which have 
already, or will forever flow from that Auspicious Epoch. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[18O.] At a convention of the boards of Selectmen, Over- 
seers of the Poor and board of Health of the Town of Boston, 
held in Faneuil Hall on Monday the 13 th . day of July A.D. 1818 
4 O'Clock P.M. 

Present a Majority of each Board 

viz. Mess. Phillips, Oliver, Lovering, Austin, Dorr & Farnam, of 
the Selectmen. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1818. 109 

Mess. Perkins, Webster, Snelling, Mackay, Coolidge Jr. 
Richards & Walley of the Board of Overseers and 

Mess rs . Badger, Otis, Weld, Hitchborn, Davis, Kilham & 
Fitch of the Board of Health. 

Voted to proceed to the choice of a Town Treasurer for the 
year ensuing. 

Mess rs . Oliver & Perkins were appointed a committee to 
receive, sort & count the votes. 

Votes being taken for a Town Treasurer Andrew Sigourney 
Esq r . was declared to be unamimously chosen. 

Voted, to come to the choice of one Collector of Taxes for the 
ensuing year. 

Votes being taken Andrew Sigourney Esq r . was chosen unani- 
mously. 

M r . Sigourney having been notified of his appointment to the 
above offices, declared his acceptance and proposed Hon. Jona- 
than Hunnewell and Benjamin Weld Esq r . as his Bondsmen. 

Voted that the above named Gentlemen [181] be accepted 
as M r . Sigourney's Bondsmen, and that they execute a Bond of 
Twenty thousand Dollars as Treasurer and another Bond for the 
same sum as Collector of Taxes. 

Mess 18 . Oliver, Mackay & Badger, were appointed a Committee 
to see that the Bonds are given by the Treasurer and Collector of 
Taxes, and that he is qualified according to Law. 

Then the Convention was Dissolved. 



[182.] At a legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston, qualified to vote for Representatives to the General 
Court of this Commonwealth ; held at Faneuil Hall on Monday 
the 2 nd . day of November A.D. 1818, 10 O'Clock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev. M r . Palfrey. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

The Resolve of the General Court for choosing one Represen- 
tative in Congress of the United States for the District of Suf- 
folk read. 



110 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

The Chairman of the Selectmen requested the Inhabitants to 
bring in their Votes for a Representative to Congress for the 
Suffolk District & informed them that the Poll would be closed at 
half past One O'Clock. 

Persons Voted for as a Representative for the Suffolk District 
in this Commonwealth in the next Congress of the United States 
viz. 

Hon. Jonathan Mason 641 Sam 1 . Hammond 2 

" Andrew Ritchie 385 Caleb Hay ward 1 

Daniel Webster 4 James Lloyd 1 

James T. Austin 2 Eben r . Clough 1 

Joseph Ruggles 1 Moses Williams 2 

Sam 1 . A. Wells - 1 Daniel Dunton 1 

Paul Dean 1 Alexander H. Everett 1 

[183] and declaration thereof was made in open Town Meeting. 

A return of the doings of this meeting was made out conform- 
ably to the directions of the General Court and delivered to the 
Secretary of the Commonwealth by the Town Clerk. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



1819. 

[184.] At a Meeting of the Male Citizens of the Town of 
Boston, held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 8 th . day of March 
A.D. 1819 10 Clock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev d . M r . Greenwood. 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read. 

Law respecting the Election of Town Officers read. 

Benjamin Russell Esq r . was chosen Moderator. 

Thomas Clark was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensuing ; 
The Oath of Office was administered to him by the Moderator. 

Voted to choose 9 Selectmen, poll to close at 12 Oclock. 

Voted That Nathan Webb, Oliver Johonnot, Alden Bradford, 

Jacob Stearns & William Sturgis be a Committee to assist the 

Moderator & Town Clerk in sorting & counting the Votes for 
Selectmen. 

Turner Phillips Joseph Austin 

Ebenezer Oliver Henry Bass 

Jonathan Hunnewell Samuel Don- 

Joseph Levering Enoch Silsby and 

Lemuel Shaw Esquires 
were chosen Selectmen for the ensuing year. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1819. Ill 

[185.] The oath of Office was administered to Turner 
Phillips, Joseph Lovering, Joseph Austin, Henry Bass, Samuel 
Dorr & Enoch Silsby Esq r . by the Moderator. 

Voted That the Thanks of the Town be given to Henry Farn- 
ham Esq r . for his faithful services as one of the Selectmen the 
years past. 

Hon. William Phillips Esq r . Joseph Richards 

Redford Webster Jonathan Phillips 

Thomas Perkins Samuel May 

Samuel Snelling Jacob Hall 

William Mackay Edward Tuckerman & 

Joseph Coolidge Jr. Sam 1 . H. Walley Esq re . 

were cnosen Overseers of the Poor and of the Workhouse for the 

year ensuing. 

Voted That in addition to the Selectmen twelve persons shall 
now be chosen a School Committee and the votes being collected 
it appeared that the following Gentlemen were Chosen viz. 
Doct. Aaron Dexter Peter O. Thatcher 

Doct. Thomas Welch Francis J. Oliver 

Rev. Charles Lowell William Wells 

Rev. Joshua Huntington Benjamin Russell 

Rev. Nath 1 . L. Frothingham Henry J. Oliver & 
[186.] Charles Davis Benjamin West Esq. 

Voted That the above named Gentlemen who conjointly with 
the Selectmen are termed the School Committee, be and hereby 
are directed to carry the System of education adopted by the 
Town into operation ; and that said Committee be also author- 
ized and empowered conjointly to manage and regulate the Gov- 
ernment of the Schools ; and to exercise all the powers relative 
to the Schools and School Masters which the Selectmen or Such 
committees are authorized by the laws of this Commonwealth or 
by the votes of the Town to exercise. 

Voted That the thanks of the Town be given to the Rev. 
Horace Holley for his faithful services as one of the School Com- 
mittee for several years past. 

Voted That the Thanks of the Town be given to Doct. John C. 
Warren for his faithful services as one of the School Committee 
for several years past. 

[187.] Thomas Melvill Benjamin Rich 

John Winslow Joseph Lovering 

Stephen Codman Gedney King 

John Bray Francis J. Oliver 

Daniel Messinger John D. Williams 



112 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Joshua Davis William Harris 

Benjamin Smith Jonathan Loring 

Nathaniel Curtis John Mackay 

James Phillips Turner Phillips 

Nathan Webb Lemuel Shaw 

Samuel M. Thayer Benjamin Russell & 

Joseph Austin Thomas Jackson Esquires, 
were Chosen Firewards for the year ensuing. 

Voted That the thanks of the Town be given to Andrew 
Cunningham Esq r . for his faithful services as a Fire Ward for 
many years past. 

[188.] Voted That the Thanks of the Town be given to the 
Hon 1 . Jonathan Hunnewell Esq r . for his faithful services as a 
Fire Ward for many years past. 

Votes were received for a Treasurer for the County of Suffolk, 
by the Moderator & Town Clerk ; on counting the Votes it 
appeared that there was one hundred and forty five, all for John 
Winslow Esq r . 

Mess. Benjamin White William Ellison 

William Clouston Nathaniel Glover 

Nathaniel Bradlee John Howe Jr. 

Noah Daggett Richard Thayer 

Braddock Loring Edward J. Robbins 

Thomas Christie Henry Blake 

William Green Joseph Tucker 

Eleazer Homer Moses Eyers Jr. 

Joseph Stodder Benjamin Harris & 

Allen Bowker Oliver Mills 

were chosen Surveyors of Boards and other Lumber. 

[189.] Voted to choose Six firewards (in addition to the 
number chosen this day) at the Meeting in May next. 

Adjourned to Monday next 15 th inst 10 Oclock A.M. 

Monday March 15 th 1819. 
Met according to Adjournment. 

Mess. Henry Purkitt Benjamin Clark 

Benjamin Owen James Brown and 

Nathaniel Howe Charles Pook 
were Chosen Cullers of Hoops and Staves. 

Mess. Benjamin Clark John F. Bannister 
Nathaniel Howe Thomas Lewis 
Claries Pook William Spear 

Benjamin Owen Jacob Barstow and 
James Brown Ebenezer Berry 

were Chosen Cullers of Dry Fish. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1819. 113 

Mess. Benjamin White [19O] John Howe Jr. 
Nathaniel Bradlee Romanus Emerson & 
William Ellison Abel Hewins, 
were chosen Fence Viewers for the year ensuing. 

Mess. Joseph Champney Neddy Curtis and 

Joseph Cabot James Baxter 

were chosen Hogreeves & Haywards for the year ensuing 

Samuel Emmons and 

James Phillips Esq rs . were Chosen Survey- 
ors of Hemp. 

Josiah Snelling and 

Thomas Howe Esq rs . were Chosen Sur- 
veyors of Wheat. 

Mess. John Wells and 
Nathaniel Alley 
were Chosen Assay Masters. 

Mess. Michael Homer 

Francis James and 

Samuel Sprague were chosen inspec- 
tors of Lime. 

The Selectmen were chosen Surveyors of the High Way. 

Voted that Stephen Codman 

Francis J. Oliver and 

Robert G. Shaw Esq re . 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to audit the Accounts 
of the Town Treasurer [191] and said Committee are directed 
to report the Sum necessary to be raised for the service of the 
present year. 

Voted That the consideration of all money matters be referred 
to the May Meeting 

James Prince 

Nathaniel Goddard and 

Isaac Winslow Esq 18 . 

were appointed a Committee to examine the Report of receipts 
and expenditures made by the Committee of finance in order to 
ascertain whether any savings or retrenchments may be made in 
the public expences, agreeable to a Vote of the Town of the 25 th 
June last. 

A Communication from the Board of Health on the Subject of 
the Burial Ground at South Boston was read. On Motion 



114 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Voted to refer the same to a Committee consisting of one 
person from each ward ; The Committee to report at the May 
Meeting 

The following Gentlemen were chosen on the Committee viz. 

William Harris Sam 1 . A. Wells 

Jacob Rhodes [192] Thomas Dean 
Nathan Webb Benjamin Russell 

Josiah Marshall Lewis Tappan 

Oliver Johonnot Winslow Lewis and 

Thomas Howe Barzilla Holmes Esq r . 

Voted That the Thanks of the Town be given to the Moderator 
for his Services at this Meeting. 

Then this Meeting was Dissolved. 



[193.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of Twenty one years of Age and upwards, qualified as 
the Constitution prescribes, and legally warned and assembled at 
Faneuil Hall on Monday the 5 th day of April A.D. 1819 
9 OClock A.M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . M r . Frothingham. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or Frame of Government rela- 
tive to the Choice of Governor Lieutenant Governor & Senators, 
read. 

Law of the Commonwealth dividing the State into Districts for 
the choice of Councillors and Senators read 

On Motion Voted That the Poll be closed at 2 Oclock The 
Bells to commence toling at half past One. 

Persons voted for as Governor, with the number of Votes for 
each person, viz. 

His ExcelR John Brooks 3641 

Hon. Benjamin W. Crowninshield 1724 

" William Eustis 5 

u John Adams ----- 2 

" Timothy Pickering 1 

George Reed 1 

5374 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1819. 115 

Persons voted for as Lieut. Governor with the Number of 
Votes for each person, viz. 

[194.] His Honor William Phillips 3626 

Hon 1 . Benjamin Austin --------- 1720 

" James Lloyd ----_--_- 2 

" John Phillips 1 

" B. W. Crowninshield 1 

James Prince _-.. 1 

William Eustis 1 

Eben r . Clough 1 

William Dehon _..- l 

Moses Ballou _._ l 

John Chandler .._ l 

William Gray --------- l 

Peter O. Thatcher 1 

Levi Lincoln --__. l 

Samuel A. Wells 1 

Jacob Bender 1 

Nath 1 . Silsby 1 

Persons voted for as Councillors and Senators, for the Dis- 
trict of Suffolk, with the Number of Votes for each person 
viz 

Hon. John Phillips 3620 

" Josiah Quincy 3349 

" Jonathan Hunnewell 3583 

" Artemas Ward 3580 

" Andrew Ritchie 3582 

Benjamin Gorham Esq. ------- 3542 

Hon. Henry Dearborn - - 1738 

'' William Gray ---------- 1775 

" Samuel Brown 1762 

Col. Thomas Badger 1723 

[195.] Doct r . William Ingalls 1738 

James T. Austin Esq r . 1761 

Joseph Tilden 14 

William Sullivan 10 

Benjamin Russell -------- 8 

William Sturgis -.. 5 

Nathaniel Goddard - - 4 James Lloyd - - - - 4 
Lemuel Shaw - 4 Isaac Winslow - - 4 

Sam 1 . G. Perkins - - - 3 Augustus Peabody - - 3 
Henry Orne - - - - 3 Daniel Webster - - - 3 
Israel Thorndike - - - 3 Joseph Head - ... 2 
Richard Sullivan - - - 2 Thos. H. Perkins - - - 7 
Charles CaUender - - - 2 William Little - - - - 2 
David W. Child - - - 2 William Lawrence - - 2 
Benjamin Austin - - - 6 Joel Prouty - - - - 2 
John Roulstone - - - 2 George Wells - - - - 2 
John Wells 3 Jonathan Amory - - - 2 



116 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



George Hallet .... 2 

Daniel Sargent - - - - 1 

Jeremiah Fitch ... 1 

H. G. Otis 1 

David Greenough - - - 1 

Henry Lee ----- 1 

John N Howe - - - - 1 

John Lepean - ... 1 

Issac Davis ----- 1 

Edward Cruft - - - - 1 

Zebedee Cook - ... 1 

Nath 1 . P. Hunt - - - 1 

Horace Draper - - - - 1 

David Melcher - - - - 1 

[196.] Daniel Adams - 1 

Joshua Clapp - ... 1 

Thomas K. Jones - - - 1 

Peter C. Brooks ... 1 

Joseph Coolidge Jr. - - 1 

Jonathan Whitney - - 1 

David Thatcher - - - 1 

Oliver Johonnot - - - 1 

Oliver Train - - - - 1 

Henry S. Low - - - - 1 

Henry Williams - - - 1 

Harvey Hartshorn - - - 1 

Tim . M. Clapp - - - 1 

Josiah Bradlee - - - - 1 

James Prince - - - - 1 



Benf. Ward - - 
Samuel Dexter - - 
George Blake - 
Caleb Loring - - 
John Webly - - 
John Lee - - - 
Charles T. Austin - 
Benj n . Jarvis - - 
Stephen Codman - 
H. H. Tuckerman - 
Jos. B. Bradlee 
Tristram Barnard - 
William Parsons - 
Moses Randall - - 
Levi Haskell - - 
Samuel A. Wells - 
John Osborn - 
Benf. Rich - - - 
Benj n . Whitman - 
John Dyer - - - 
David Sears - - 
Amos Binney - - 
John Fitch - - - 
John Kuhn - - - 
William Eustis - - 
Theo. Bainbridge - 
Joseph Jenkins 
John C. Hicks - - 
Abraham H. Quincy 



Attested Copies of return of Persons Voted for as Governor, 
Lieut. Governor Councillors & Senators for the District of 
Suffolk, were sealed up in open Town Meeting (after the Vote 
had been declared) to be transmitted to the Secretary of the 
Commonwealth, as prescribed by law and directed as follows viz. 

To Alden Bradford Esq r . Secretary of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts. 

Votes of the Town of Boston for Governor and Lieut. Gov- 
ernor, sealed up in open Town Meeting. 

Also for Six Councillors & Senators for the District of Suffolk 
directed in the same manner. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[197.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston of twenty one years of age and upwards qualified as the 
Constitution prescribes held at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 13 th 
day of May A.D. 1819. 10 OClock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev d . M r . Pierpont. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1819. 117 

Paragraphs of the Constitution relative to the Choice of Repre- 
sentatives read ; also a law of the Commonwealth relating to the 
qualifications of voters, on taking the question of number of 
representatives to be elected, was read. 

By a Return from the Assessors it appeared that there were 
eleven thousand one hundred and ninety seven rateable Polls 
within the Town, which number authorized the Election of Fifty 
Representatives. 

A Motion was made and seconded, that the Town should elect 
Forty five representatives for the year ensuing which (after an 
animated debate) passed in the affirmative. 

The Chairman of the Selectmen requested the Inhabitants to 
withdraw & bring in their votes, for Representatives not exceed- 
ing forty five, & informed them that the Poll would be closed at 
half past 2 Oclock. 

[198.] The votes were received, sorted and counted by the 
Selectmen ; when it appeared that the whole number of votes 
given in was 2799 ; necessary to make a choice 1400. The fol- 
lowing Forty five Gentlemen had the number of Votes set against 
their respective names and were declared to be elected Represen- 
tatives for the year ensuing, viz. 

Mess. William Sullivan - 1888 Mess. James Perkins - 1888 

Benjamin Russell - 1875 [199] Bryant P. Tilden 1885 

Benjamin Whitman 1882 Nathan Hall - - - 1887 

Israel Thorndike - 1855 Thomas Motley- - 1887 

Charles Davis - - 1888 Samuel Dorr - - 1888 

Joseph Coolidge Jr 1889 Joseph Lovering - 1887 

Daniel Messenger - 1887 Augustus Peabody- 1885 

Jonathan Whitney 1887 JohnKnapp- - - T878 

Barzilla Holmes - 1888 Joseph Sewall - - 1887 

Peter O Thatcher - 1882 George W. Otis - 1886 

William Sturgis - 1885 Henry Purkitt - - 1886 

Josiah Marshall - 1888 Phineas Upham - - 1873 

John French - - 1886 Jonathan Phillips - 1887 

Jonathan Loring - 1887 Samuel Appleton - 1885 

Joseph W. Revere 1888 Thomas Jackson - 1885 

Benjamin Smith - 1885 Edmund Winchester 1886 

Benjamin Rand - 1885 Heman Lincoln - - 1887 

Francis Bassett - 1886 Francis Welch - - 1882 

John Cotter - - 1848 Thomas Parsons - 1873 

Enoch Silsby - - 1888 Joseph Austin - - 1887 

Peter C. Brooks - 1887 Elijah Morse - - 1876 

George Bond - - 1884 William Jackson - 1879 
Benjamin Watson - 1876 



118 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

The following gentlemen had the Number of Votes set against 
their names, viz. 

Mess. John Brazier - - - 879 Mess. Winslow Lewis - - 881 
Joseph W.Howe - 882 Samuel A. Wells - 879 

Edmund Wright - - 881 George Hallet - - 882 

William B. Bradford 880 Charles Hood - - 881 

Samuel Billings - - 883 David Henshaw - - 879 

Joseph Stodder - - 878 James Lloyd - - 25 

[2OO.] Thaddeus Page - 881 

William Mackay - - - 7 Nath 1 . Curtis .... 3 
J. C. Merrill .... 3 William Gray .... 2 
Samuel Brown - ... 2 James T. Austin - - - 2 
Eben r . Clough .... 2 Jeremiah Fitch ... - 2 
Benjamin Austin - - - 2 and Elijah Withington, Henry 
Orne, Nathaniel Wright, Jon D. Howard Jr. James H. Foster, 
James Ellison, Sam 1 . Whitwell, Samuel Swett, John Tyler, 
William Eustis, H. Dearborn, P. P. F. Degrand, The . Bain- 
bridge, Israel Munroe, Zack. G. Whitman, James Russell, John 
Fox, Perez Bryant, John Hathaway, Henry H. Tuckerman, 
Thomas Brewer, James Davis, H. S. Waldo, Thomas Badger, 
Tho 8 . K. Thomas, Harvey Bates, Samuel Adams, Thomas Rowe, 
S. Gardner, Jonathan Emery Jr. Francis C. Gray, Joseph Lewis, 
Isaac Stevens, A. Young, Job Drew, Dan 1 . Wise, Tho 8 . Sawyer, 
one each. Declaration of the State of the Votes being made, 
The Meeting was Dissolved. 



[2O1.] At a legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 31 st . day of May 
A.D. 1819 10 O'Clock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Stephen Codman Esq r . was chosen 
Moderator. 

The Committee appointed by a Vote of the Town on the 8 th 
day of March last, ' ' to audit the Accounts of the Town Treas- 
urer, and to report the sum necessary to be raised for the services 
of the present year " have attended that service and make the 
following Report. 

That they have very particularly and minutely examined the 
Town Treasurers Accounts for all the Monies received and paid 
by him during the past year, that they find them right cast, and 
well vouched and there appears a balance due to the Town, in the 
hands of the Treasurer of $43973.^ dollars as p r . the Account 
herewith submitted up to the 10 th day of May instant. 

The Committee refer the Town to the Report and estimates of 
the Standing committee of finance for the sum necessary to be 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1819. 119 

raised for the services of the ensuing year which estimate meets 
the concurrence and approbation of this Committee. 

[2O2.] The Committee embrace the present occasion to bear 
their testimony to the unexampled diligence and successful exer- 
tions of Andrew Sigourney Esq r . the present Treasurer & col- 
lector in collecting so large a proportion of the Taxes assessed 
the last year as well as of the back taxes which were due before 
his entrance into office by which means the Town has saved a 
very considerable Sum, which but for his extraordinary exertions 
and abilities would have been lost. 

Respectfully Submitted 

Stephen Codman ) ~ 

w T /M- ^Committee. 

Francis J. Oliver j 

Boston May 11 th . 1819. 

The foregoing Report was read and accepted May 1819. 

Seventh Annual report of the Committee of Finance of the 
Town of Boston. 

The Committee of Finance of the Town of Boston consisting 
of the Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor and the Board of 
Health, have attended to the Duty assigned to them by the Town, 
have examined the Books of the Treasurer and Collector and are 
satisfied with the accuracy of his Accounts, They present the 
following Report 

[2O3.] The Amount of Taxes assessed in 1818 given to the 
Collector & Treasurer were 

for State Tax $21,965 33 

" Town & County Tax 150,623 97 



$172,589 30 



Amount received by the Treasurer from October 

1818 to May 8 th 1819 162,512 59 

Amount of Abatements 5,350 27 

Balance remaining uncollected ----- 4,726 44 



$172,589 30 

From which it appears that the whole Tax has been paid or 
settled in seven Months, excepting about 5,000 Dollars, from 
which the treasurer estimates nearly 1500 dollars may be col- 
lected ; your Committee are again compelled to express their 
opinion that this promptness is honorable to the Treasurer and to 
the Inhabitants. 

By the Town Treasurer's account it appears that there is a 
balance of Forty three thousand, nine hundred and seventy three 



120 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Dollars, 69 Cents in the Treasury, Statement as follows, The 
Account is on file. 

Town of Boston D r . 

1819. May Due on State Tax of 1818 - 



County of Suffolk - ... 
Note Due to E. B. - - - - 
Selectmen of Boston for M". 
Brackers & other Donations - 
Boylston Donation appropriated 

for Building School Houses 
On Selectmen & Overseers Drafts 
Unliquidated Accounts ... 
Balance in favor of the Town 



10,000 00 
8,000 00 
6,000 00 

1,230 00 

8,691 33 

3,717 43 

14,000 00 

14,273 18 

$65,911 94 



[804.] 
1819. May 



Town of Boston 



By W. N. Boylstons Bond - 

" J. Tidd J r 's Notes - - 

" John Hancocks - - - 

" Rea & Wrights - - - 

" Joseph Rowe - - - - 

" Uriah Cottings - - - 

' William Tukesbury - - 

" William Witmore - - 

** Abraham Moore - - - 

*' Jabez Hunting - - - 

" Isaac Rand J r - - - - 

" Uncollected Taxes - - 
" Cash in the Treasury 



15,000 00 

1,890 00 

930 00 

700 00 

535 50 

516 00 

371 55 

235 00 

124 00 

90 00 

46 20 

1,500 00 

43,973 69 

$65,911 94 



The balance of the Account current last year 
was against the Town 12,705 44 



The above Statement shows it to be at present in 
favor of the Town 14,273 18 



The Demands on the Town being as before 
stated 51,638 76 

Add thereto for current expenses of the year as 
follows 

For Selectmens Department - - - - 79,000 00 

" Overseers of the Poor 30,000 00 

" Board of Health 7,000 00 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1819. 121 

For Committee for providing schools for 

Children under 7 years of age - - 8,000 00 

" Amount of State Tax 22,000 00 

" D. of County of Suffolk - - - 16,000 00 



$213,638 76 



[2O5.] To be provided for as follows 

From Money in the Treasury - ... $43,973 69 

" Notes payable this year - - - - 3,180 00 

" Rents of Market, Town House &c. 16,000 00 

" Taxes Receivable outstanding - - 1,500 00 

" Amount State Tax assessed - - 22,000 00 

" Ditto of County D. D. - - - 16,000 00 

" Ditto of Town D. D. - - - 110,985 07 



$213,638 76 

The Committee recommend that the Town should vote a tax of 
111,000 Dollars which will defray the current expenses of the 
year. 

Respectfully Submitted 

By Order of the Committee of Finance 
Turner Phillips, Chairman. 

The foregoing Report was read and accepted by the Town, 
and 

Voted That the Sum of One hundred & eleven thousand 
Dollars be raised by a Tax to be assessed upon the Polls and 
Estates of the Inhabitants of the Town to defray the expenses 
of the town the present year. 

William Dall Thomas Dawes 

Joshua Davis Barzillai Holmes, and 

Peter O. Thatcher [2O6] George Bond Esq. 

were chosen Trustees of Neck Lands. 

Bryant P. Tilden Geo. W. Otis 

Winslow Lewis John Howe 

Amos Binney Joseph Jones 

Enoch Silsby William Howe 

Isaac Harris Jonathan Whitney & 

Jeremiah Fitch Esq. 

were chosen Fire Wards, agreeably to a vote of the Town in 
March last, to increase the number of Fire Wards & to supply 
vacancies occasioned by the resignation of five Gentlemen who 
were Chosen at that Meeting. 



122 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to John Winslow, 
Benjamin Rich, Gedney King, Francis J. . Oliver & William 
Harris Esq ra . for their faithful services as Fire Wards for many 
years past. 

Rev'd John Pierpont was chosen one of the School Committee, 
in place of Benj". [2O7] West Esq r who has declined serving 
on that Committee. 

Oliver Greary was chosen a Hogreeve and Hayward. 

The Committee to whom was referred the report of the Board 
of Health for the Town of Boston, detailing the plan of a Burial 
ground which they propose to locate on the land now owned by 
the Town at South Boston, and which they intend to call the 
" Boston Cemetery " have attended to .the duty Assigned them, 
& beg leave respectfully to report. 

That on an examination of the Aforesaid report they find, that 
the principal subjects of it are not under the control of the Town, 
but the execution of which are delegated solely to that Board. 
By a law of this Commonwealth the Board of Health is fully 
invested with the requisite authority to carry their propos'd plan 
into operation, so far as it is practicable upon the land owned 
by the Town at South Boston, and appropriated for the interment 
of the dead : But that Board conceive that the land so appropri- 
ated is not of sufficient extent to admit of all the improvements 
and advantages, which are set forth in their report, they conse- 
quently thereon recommend the expediency of purchasing an addi- 
tional extent [2O8] of seventy thousand square feet of ground, 
adjoining that now owned by the Town. 

This being the only branch of the report on which the Town 
has the power to act, the Committee have confined themselves 
to the consideration of the expediency of purchasing the land 
designated by the board of Health for the purposes specified in 
their report. 

After a view of the premises, and a mature consideration of all 
the circumstances connected with the subject, the Committee were 
of opinion that the local position of the ground is not well chosen 
for the contemplated object ; that its distance from the Center 
of the old Town is so great, that the burial of the dead would be 
attended with augmented inconveniences, and an increase of 
expense to the inhabitants generally, but more particularly to 
those of the northern sections of it ; that during the inclement 
seasons of the year, it would at times be utterly impracticable 
to proceed to that situation for the intended purposes ; which in 
the opinion of the Committee, are insuperable objections against 
the situation of that site as a place for the interment of the dead 
from the Town of Boston. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1819. 123 

They therefore were unanimously of opinion that it is inexpe- 
dient for the town to purchase the additional number of square 
feet of [2O9] ground recommended by the board of Health for 
the purposes stated in their report on this subject. 

But the Committee having been informed by the President of 
the Board of Health that if the Town refused to purchase the 
land as recommended, that agreeably to the power with which the 
Board are by law invested, it is their intention to carry their plan 
into effect upon the ground owned by the Town at South Boston 
and located for a Burial Ground, by which procedure the inhabi- 
tants will be subjected to all the inconveniences that have already 
been stated. 

To obviate, therefore, the difficulties and disadvantages pre- 
viously enumerated by having the burial Ground at so great a 
distance from the Center of the old Town, and in order that 
the plan of this Board of Health may be executed upon a field of 
sufficiently large [area] to secure all its proposed advantages, & as 
the Committee considered the expense of the land to be of no com- 
parative consequence to that which the Board of Health intend 
to expend in its execution ; they deem it their duty for these 
reasons to recommend to the Town the expediency of purchasing 
three & an half acres of Land at South Boston for the purpose of 
locating a new Cemetery for the Town upon the plan stated 
[55 1O] in the aforesaid report of the Board of Health, Provided 
it can be procured for that purpose within one fourth of a mile of 
the eastern extremity of South Boston Bridge, so called : and 
they further recommend, should the Town accept this part of 
their report, the appointment of a Committee to purchase said 
land for the Town on the best possible terms. 

Benj". Russell p r . Order. 
Boston May 31. 1819. 

The foregoing Report was read, and so far accepted as that 
it was voted, That, 

Thomas Badger 

Samuel A. Wells and 

Henry Bass Esquires, 

be a Committee, to ascertain at what rate (per acre) land can be 
purchased for, suitable for a Burial Ground at South Boston, 
and report at the Adjournment of this meeting. 

A Communication from the Justices of the Court of Sessions, 
on the subject of erecting a new Prison, was read. 

Whereupon it was Voted, That the Selectmen be a Committee to 
Co-operate with the Court in that undertaking. 

[211.] The following Report was read, accepted, ordered to 
be printed, and distributed for the information of the Inhabitants. 



124 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Report, 

Pursuant to a vote of the Town on the 11 th day of June last, 
the School Committee soon after nominated and appointed three 
Gentlemen in each ward "To provide instruction for children 
between four and seven years of age, and apportion the expenses 
among the several Schools." Of these gentlemen all but two 
accepted and have served. The Board was organized on the 23 d 
day of June by choosing Thomas L. Winthrop Esq., Chairman, 
and James Savage Esq. Secretary. 

On the 2 d . day of July the board resolved, that the Committee of 
each ward " ascertain by personal inquiry, the number of Children 
between the ages of four & seven, state who do and who do not 
attend any school, as also those, whose parents are desirous of 
availing themselves of this right, and report the names and place 
of residence." This was a very arduous duty, and the result of 
the inquiry was highly interesting to the board. 

The number between four and seven years old, exclusive of 
about half of Ward N. 7. from which the Committee made no 
return, amounted to two thousand eight hundred & forty three. 
Of these, though five hundred and thirty two only did not attend 
any school, thirteen hundred and thirty were desirous of instruc- 
tion at the new schools. The number who attended no school was 
nearly double that of the return made the preceding year, but not 
larger than was expected to be found. a comparison of the 
result, in each year, from all the Wards will assist us in judging 
of their correctness. 

[213.] 



Wards - - - 
N. 1 - - - 
2 - - - 


1817 - - - 
57 - - - 
52 - - - 


1818 
46 
86 


3 - - - 


26 - - - 


45 


4 - - - 


9 - - - 


14 


5 - - - 


8 - - - 


20 


6 - - - 


20 - - - 


37 


7 - - - 


7 - - - 


34 


8 - - - 


6 - - - 


29 


9 - - - 


13 - - - 


72 


10 - - - 


6 - - - 


2 


11 ... 


23 - - - 


46 


12 -.- - 


56 - - - 


101 



Total 283 532 

To provide instruction for that number the grant of money by 
the town was very liberal, and was indeed considered by the 
favourers of the experiment adequate to furnish schooling for 
seven or eight hundred children. 

But when we ascertained, that above thirteen hundred would 
demand the care of the board, it became a matter of great diffi- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1819. 125 

culty to divide the sum granted in such a way as to approach 
nearest to a fulfilment of the vote of the town, with which a per- 
fect compliance seemed utterly impracticable. We could not 
satisfactorily arrange this difficulty before the 20 th . of July. 

As the pupils were of such tender .age, they could not be 
required to go far from home ; and schools must therefore be 
opened in sections of the Wards. To insure health and improve- 
ment their number in each [313] school should be small; and 
to such an instructor as alone ought to be employed, the compen- 
sation could hardly fall short of two hundred dollars. Rent, 
fuel, benches and other incidental charges might have reasonably 
been expected to exceed fifty dollars for each. But the Board 
were resolved to open twenty Schools, and we were of necessity 
stinted to that amount. It was generally agreed by us, that 
the children in one school should not exceed forty five, and be 
confined if practicable, to forty. The money was divided by 
vote among the several Committees from the Wards, and schools 
were opened exclusively for such free scholars as the Committees 
received in every Ward but two. These two Wards were unit- 
edly allowed from our fund enough to maintain two schools, or 
one tenth of the whole ;' but it seemed expedient to the Commit- 
tee of that united District to agree with mistresses, having 
already established schools, to receive from the Committee an 
addition of pupils at a stated rate for each. Five teachers have 
been by them employed in this manner. The rate of ten cents 
per week, with allowance of two dollars for winter's fuel, for 
each child, making seven dollars & twenty cents a year, is now 
found to be much higher than that which the instruction jn other 
Wards demanded, where the expense of each pupil has fallen 
short of five dollars. 

Most of the Schools were opened [214] in August, and all 
by the first week in September & all have continued without inter- 
ruption. 

The calculations, even of such citizens as were most solicitous 
for the establishment of these schools, have all estimated too low 
the number of children for whom we find it necessary to provide 
instruction. 

Though a large portion, probably half of our people, would 
prefer to pay teachers of their own private selection for instruct- 
ing their children of such an age, and though the never tiring 
benevolence of many has provided schools for several hundred 
others, yet in every instance the schools opened by the board have 
been filled beyond the limit we desired to prescribe. We should 
however observe, that several of the instructors, having daughters 
of age to afford assistance to their mothers, the Committees have 
been satisfied with permitting sixty, and in one instance seventy, 
in another eighty pupils in one school. In only two of those 
eighteen schools provided solely for the free instruction has the 
number been smaller than fifty, and on the second week of March, 
when our instructors returned all under their tuition, the amount 
was eleven hundred and eighteen. 



126 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Large as this number will appear, the board are satisfied, that a 
considerable addition should the current year be provided for; 
aud from computation carefully made we conceive thirty two 
schools for such children will be needed. 

[215.] At two hundred and fifty dollars each, a grant of 
eight thousand dollars would be requisite. 

Two considerations, among several others more apparent, 
powerfully operate to produce, in the minds of the gentlemen of 
the board the year past, a conviction of the importance and 
necessity of this system of free schools for young children, 
which they wish to submit to the consideration of their fellow 
citizens. The first is, that our schools have been constantly 
pressed to admit a number of children in every part of the town 
above seven years old, who, having been unable to acquire a 
little acquaintance with English reading or even the letters of 
our alphabet, are excluded from the public schools. This griev- 
ance we could not remedy ; but if the new Schools for children 
of younger age be continued, the evil will in a great measure 
soon be removed. The second is, that very many children, 
whose parents are able in summer to afford them schooling at 
nine pence or a shilling per week, are deprived, in winter, (when 
fire money is asked by the instructors which the parents cannot 
easily pay) of all teaching, and so lose at that season all their 
former acquisition in letters. Three private schools in one 
Ward, where the mistresses had twelve scholars each, have been 
by this defect, reduced, one to nine & the other two to six pupils 
each. But the children for whom we have been required to pro- 
vide instruction have attended with remarkable punctuality, nor 
less in winter than in summer. 

[216.] The result of our experiment has certainly been en- 
couraging, and we confidently state that the improvement in all 
our schools has been far superior to our expectations. We found 
many parents, on our first inquiry, indifferent about sending their 
children to these schools, though they regularly attended no other. 
Perhaps mistaking the establishment for a charitable one, their 
pride revolted from acknowledging that they needed assistance, 
yet since the operation has proceeded, they have almost invari- 
ably desired admission for them. Of the children received, one 
half in some parts of the town, and one third in general were 
ignorant of their letters, of whom many can now read in the New 
Testament, and several from each school are prepared for admis- 
sion at the town grammar schools who must have been, we are 
confident, otherwise rejected. 

In most of our schools the girls have been taught knitting or 
sewing as well as reading. The several Committees are by a 
regulation of the board required once a month at least to visit 
the schools under their particular care, and a return of the state 
of each is demanded at our quarterly meetings. 
All which is submitted. 

Elisha Ticknor, Benj. Austin, Tho. B. Wait, Nathan Webb, Tho. 
Baldwin, Henry Ware, J. Savage. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1819. 127 

[217.] Voted, That the School Committee be requested, to 
take into consideration the expediency of making any alteration 
in the Salaries of the Public School Masters, and report the 
result of their deliberations to the town at their next meeting. 

Voted, That the Committee of Finance be requested to take into 
consideration and Report, the salary which ought to be allowed 
the Town Treasurer & Collector for the ensuing year. 

Letters were read from James Prince & Isaac Winslow 
Esquires, by which it appeared, that the Committee chosen by 
the Town in March last ' ' to examine the Report of receipts and 
expenditures made by the Committee of Finance in order to 
ascertain whether any savings or retrenchments may be made in 
the public expenses ' ' had declined the appointment. 

The article in the Warrant "to consider whether the town will 
increase the pay, which has been hitherto allowed to the Watch- 
men of the Town by the Selectmen." was taken up and after a 
short debate it was Voted, That the Selectmen be directed to 
pay to each and every one of the men now employed, or who 
may be hereafter employed as Watchmen of the Town, the sum ef 
twenty-five cents a night in addition to what they now receive for 
their services. 

A motion was made to reconsider the vote forty six voting 
in the affirmative & upwards of sixty in the negative ; the motion 
was lost. 

Adjourned to Monday 21 st June next 10 o'clk A.M. 



[218.] At a Legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston, held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 14 th day of 
June, A.D. 1819 10 O'Clock A.M. 

Benjamin Russell Esq. 
was chosen Moderator. 

This Meeting was called, " To consider whether the Town will 
adopt any measures relative to the Petition of David Grreenough 
and others, now pending before the Hon. General Court for an 
act to incorporate them by the name of the Dock Square Cor- 
poration, and authorize them to erect buildings for any purpose 
which they may think expedient in the vicinity of Dock Square 
and the Market, which subject is to be acted on by the Hon. 
Legislature on Wednesday the 16 th . instant." 

The Petition of David Greenough & others to the Legislature, 
with the order of notice thereon, from the Hon ble . General Court 
to the Town being read. The subject was taken up, considered, 



128 CITY DOCUMEMT No. 128. 

and after a short debate, the following votes were (nearly) unani- 
mously passed by the Town. viz. 

Voted, That the Selectmen of the Town of Boston be, and they 
hereby are requested [219] to represent to the Legislature, that 
the Petition of David Greenough & Thomas Motley, is injurious 
to the general interest of the Town, and pray that the petitioners 
have leave to withdraw their petition. 

Voted, That the rights and interests of the Town would be inju- 
riously affected by the erection of any new Market in the vicinity 
of the old Market near Faneuil Hall by any individual citizens 
and for their private benefit ; and that the Selectmen be a .Com- 
mittee, to represent a suitable remonstrance to the Legislature of 
this Commonwealth against the Petition of Mess 18 . David Green- 
ough and Thomas Motley, which is now pending before that Hon- 
orable Body ; And in their remonstrance to pray, that in any act 
of incorporation, which may be granted to said Greenough & 
Motley upon their petition, or upon any other petition which may 
at any time hereafter be presented to them by said Greenough & 
Motley, or by any other persons on this subject, a restrictive 
clause may be inserted so as effectually to protect the rights and 
interests of the town from injury in this respect. 

Voted, That the Senators of the County of Suffolk, and the 
Representatives of this town in the General Court be requested, to 
oppose the grant of any [22O] act of incorporation to Mess". 
Greenough & Motley, which shall not contain a restriction upon 
them and their associates against erecting any new market in the 
vicinity of the old market near Faneuil Hall, or any other build- 
ing, which may be contrary to law. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to Benjamin 
Russell Esq. for his services as Moderator of this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved. 



Monday June 21 st . 1819 . 
Met according to Adjournment from the 31 st . ultimo. 

Samuel Adams Wells Esq. 

was chosen a Fire Ward, in place of John Howe Esq. who 
declined serving in that office. 

M r . Levi Sherman, was chosen a Hogreeve & Hayward for the 
year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1819. 129 

The following Report was made by the School Committee. 
viz. 

The School Committee of the Town of Boston have attended 
to the subject, which was referred to them by the vote of the 
inhabitants on the 31 st day of May, and respectfully Report. 

That in the year 1816, the Salaries of the reading & writing 
Masters, which prior to that time had been eight hundred dollars 
per annum were raised to one thousand And in consequence of 
the high price of the necessaries of life, a grant was made them 
of two hundred dollars which has been annually renewed to the 
present time. 

The Committee have had no reason [223] to suppose, that 
this was insufficient for their comfortable support, and they have 
the satisfaction to believe, that the Schools in general, are 
flourishing under the care of able & faithful teachers. With 
respect to the Salary of the principal Master of the Latin gram- 
mar School, The Committee ask leave to observe, that it was fixed 
after much deliberation, and with a clue regard to the qualifications, 
which the Master of that School ought to possess. It was 
found impracticable without increasing the Salary, to induce a 
young gentleman of talents and scholarship, to forego the pros- 
pects which the learned professions opened to him, & to devote 
himself to the care of this School with the reputation of which 
his fame and his hopes in life should be identified. The present 
Master having filled the office to the entire satisfaction of the 
public, the Committee are, unanimously of opinion that, as he 
accepted the office after the Salary was raised, it ought not to be 
reduced, while he continues to merit their confidence and esteem. 
In addition to the Latin & greek languages, the boys at the 
latin School are now taught such branches of the Mathematics & 
geography, with the Elements of Geometry & algebra, as are 
requisite for admission to Harvard College. In consequence of 
the great [223] increase of the number of pupils, and of the 
particular alteration requisite in order to form them to habits of 
accuracy, in which all success in scholarship depends and con- 
sidering too, that the standard of qualifications for admission to 
the University has been much elevated, the Committee have 
thought it necessary, to add an Assistant master, to increase the 
number of Ushers, and to hold out inducements to them, to con- 
tinue in the School for the term of three years at least, that the 
inconveniences arising from inexperienced Instructors might be 
avoided. The Committee think they have reason to congratulate 
the town on the flourishing condition of this School, which they 
believe to be second to none in our Country, & they rely on the 
liberal spirit and enlightened views of the Inhabitants, who have 
ever been attentive to the education of the rising generation and 



130 CITY' DOCUMENT No. 128. 

to the best interests of their Country, to continue to afford it 
their protection and support. 

By order of the School Committee, 

Turner Phillips, Chairman. 

The foregoing report was read & accepted. 

The Committee appointed to ascertain the price of land for a, 
Burial Ground at South Boston, made a Report, which was not 
accepted ; The subject was referred to the Selectmen and Board 
of Health, with full powers to make additions to the present 
Burial Grounds, if they should deem it necessary. 



The Committee of Finance having been directed by a 
vote of the Town to take into consideration and report the Salary 
which shall be allowed the Town Treasurer & Collector for the 
ensuing year have attended the duty assigned them and Report. 
That the Treasurer & Collector furnished the Committee with 
a statement of the expense of his office, amounting to $1160.82 
on examining this statement some of the Committee were of opin- 
ion the sum charged for the Clerks Salary too high, as they 
doubted not 5 or 600 dollars would command the services of a 
person well qualified to discharge the duties of that office ; in 
answer to this it was said, that in conversation with the Treas- 
urer on this subject he had observed "if the Town would take 
the responsibility of the Clerks conduct he was perfectly willing 
they should procure one at the lowest rate, but if he was to be 
responsible for his Clerks fidelity it was incumbent on him to 
employ one in whom he could place the utmost confidence, and 
to such a person he must give more than a common Salary." 
It appears on the records of the Committee of Finance from the 
first appointment of the Town Treasurer & Collector it was their 
desire and intention he should receive $2,000 p r . annum for his 
services. And the Committee were now unanimously of opinion 
that for [225] the able, diligent and faithful manner in which 
he has hitherto discharged the duties of his office, and which they 
doubt not he will continue to do, that he should receive that sum 
for the ensuing year, they therefore recommend that the town 
should vote the sum of three thousand one hundred dollars in full 
for the Salary of the town Treasurer and Collector for the ensuing 
year, and for Clerk hire, expenses of office, and pay of his dep- 
uties this sum at the Salaries he now pays will not produce 
$2,000 but the Committee are of opinion a reduction may be 
made in the Salaries of his Clerk or deputies as will reduce the 
expense of his office to $1,900. which is respectfully submitted, 
By order of the Committee, 

Turner Phillips, Chairman. 

The foregoing Report was read and accepted and Voted, 
That the sum of three thousand one hundred dollars, be allowed 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1819. 131 

& paid unto the Town Treasurer & Collector for the ensuing year, 
in full for his Salary, for Clerk hire, expenses of office & pay of 
his Deputies. 

Upon the representation and exhibition of the doings and 
proceedings of Andrew Sigourney Esq. Treasurer & Collector of 
taxes of the Town of Boston the last year. 

Voted, That the Town of Boston highly [226] approve of 
the conduct of said Andrew Sigourney Esq. in the said offices of 
Treasurer and Collector, and that he has faithfully and fully as 
was in his power completed the execution of his duty in said 
offices, to which he has been appointed as aforesaid, and that he 
be excused from all delinquency or default in not having effected 
the full and complete settlement of the taxes by him to have 
been received or collected according to law. 

Voted, That the Town Treasurer be authorized to borrow a 
sum not exceeding Seventy thousand dollars, if the same should 
be found necessary for the service of the town. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid unto the Hon. Thomas 
Dawes Esq. the sum of Seven hundred and fifty dollars for his 
Salary as Judge of the Municipal Court the present year. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid unto Thomas Clark, 
Town Clerk, the sum of One thousand dollars as his Salary the 
present year. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid out of the Treasury of 
the town of Boston, the sum of one thousand dollars to each of 
the [227] permanent Assessors of the town for the present year. 

A motion was made and seconded, That the vote of the Town 
passed the thirty first ultimo, increasing the pay of the Watch- 
men be reconsidered ; and that the subject be referred to the 
Selectmen to act on it as they shall think proper. The question 
being put it passed in the affirmative. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be presented to Stephen 
Codmau Esq, for his able and impartial discharge of the duties 
of Moderator of this Meeting. 



Then the Meeting was 
Dissolved. 

Attest, Tho' Clark, Town Clerk. 



132 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, held at Faneuil Hall on Monday 
the 5 th . day of July A.D. 1819 10 O'clock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting, read. 
Thomas Clark, was chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed the last year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Indepen- 
dence Reported, That they had chosen Franklin Dexter Esq. 
who had accepted the appointment. 

Adjourned to meet at the Old South Church at 12 O' Clock M. 

Met according to Adjournment at the Old South Church, where 
an Oration was delivered by Franklin Dexter Esq. to commem- 
orate the Independence of the United States of America. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a 
Committee to wait on Franklin Dexter Esq. in the name of the 
Town, and thank him for the elegant & spirited Oration this day 
delivered by him at the request of the town, upon the anniver- 
sary of American Independence ; wherein were considered the 
feelings, manners [2 29] and principles which produced the 
great national event, and the important and happy effects general 
& domestic, which have already, or will forever flow from that 
auspicious epoch ; and to request of him a copy for the press. 

Voted, That the Gentlemen Selectmen be, and hereby are 
appointed a Committee to apply to some able and learned 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 4 th . of July 1820 That 
day being the Anniversary of the Independence of the United 
States of America ; wherein the Orator is to consider the 
feelings manners & principles which led to this great National 
event, as well as the important and happy effects which have 
already or will forever flow from that auspicious Epoch. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[23O.] At a Convention of the Boards of Selectmen, Over- 
seers of the Poor & Board of Health, held at Faneuil Hall on 
Wednesday the 7 th . day of July A.D. 1819. 

Present a Majority of each Board, viz. 

Mess. Phillips, Oliver, Lovering, Austin, Dorr & Shaw 
Selectmen. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1819. 133 

His Honor W. Phillips, Mess. Webster, Snelling, Mackay, 
Coolidge, Richards, Hall & Walley, Overseers of the Poor. 
and, Mess". Whitman, Loring, Jackson, Otis, Kilham, Colla- 
more, Fitch, Carver, Darricott, & Alley, of the Board of Health. 

Voted, To proceed to the choice of a Town Treasurer, for the 
year ensuing. 

Mess ra . Levering & Dorr, to receive sort and count the Votes. 

Votes being received for Town Treasurer; Andrew Sigourney 
Esq. was declared to be unanimously elected. 

[23 1.3 It was then voted to come to the choice of a Collector 
of taxes for the year ensuing; and the votes being collected it 
appeared that Andrew Sigourney Esq. was unanimously chosen. 

M r . Sigourney having been notified of his appointment to the 
above offices, declared his acceptance; and proposed Hon. 
Jonathan Hunnewell & Benjamin Weld Esq. as his Bondsmen. 

Voted, That the above named Gentlemen be accepted as M r . 
Sigourney' s Bondsmen, and that they execute a Bond of twenty 
thousand Dollars, as Treasurer, and another Bond for twenty 
thousand dollars as Collector of taxes. 

Voted, That Mess. Shaw, Mackay & Jackson, be a Com- 
mittee to examine the Bonds given by the Treasurer & Collector, 
see that they are correctly drawn and legally executed, and to 
report their doings to the Chairman of the Selectmen. 

Then the Convention was Dissolved. 



[232.3 The following Report was received from the Com- 
mittee appointed by the Convention on the 7 th . instant. viz. 

The Committee appointed at a Meeting of the Convention on 
the 7 th . instant to examine the Bonds offered by Andrew Sigour- 
ney Esq. as Treasurer & Collector of taxes for the town of Bos- 
ton, Report, 

That A. Sigourney Esq. has delivered to them two bonds each 
in the penalty of twenty thousand dollars ; one conditioned for 
the faithful performance of his duties as Treasurer, the other as 
Collector, each executed by said Sigourney as Principal, and by 
Jonathan Hunnewell & Benjamin Weld Esq,'s as Sureties. The 



134 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

said Bonds which are herewith transmitted, appear to your Com- 
mittee to be correctly drawn and legally executed, and that the 
Sureties are those approved by the Convention. 
All which is respectfully submitted 
By order of the Committee 

Lemuel Shaw, 

Chairman. 
Boston July 26 th . 1819 



18 SO. 

[233.] At a Meeting of the Male Citizens of the Town of 
Boston held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 13 th day of March 
A.D. 1820 10 "Clock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev* 1 . M r . Sharp. 
Warrant for Calling the Meeting read. 
Law respecting the Election of Town Officers read. 
Hon : John Phillips Esq r . was Chosen Moderator. 

Thomas Clark was chosen Town Clerk, for the Year ensuing, 
the Oath of Office was administered to him by the Hon : Mod- 
erator. 

The Moderator directed the Inhabitants to prepare and bring 
in their Votes for Nine Selectmen. 

Voted, That the Poll shall be closed at 1 Clock. 

Voted, That William Little, Nathan Webb, Thomas Jackson, 
Thaddeus Page & Henry J. Oliver Esq re . be a Committee to sort 
and count the Votes for Selectmen. 

The Votes being sorted & counted it appeared that 
Hon. Benjamin Austin 
Daniel Baxter 
Jonathan Loring 
Benjamin T. Wells 
Samuel Billings 
Eliphalet Williams 
George Brinley and 
Jeremiah Fitch Esquire 
were chosen Selectmen. 

Adjourned to Monday next 10 Clock A.M. 
[234.] Met according to Adjournment. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1820. 135 

Mess rs . Wells & Brinley chosen Selectmen, at the last Meeting, 
having declined accepting the appointment. The Inhabitants 
were directed by the Moderator to bring in their Votes for three 
Selectmen. 

On Motion, Voted, That the Poll be closed at 2 Clock. 

On the close of the Poll it appeared that 

Abram Babcock 

Robert Fennelly and 

Samuel A. Wells Esq r8 . 

were chosen, to complete the board of Selectmen for the Year 
ensuing. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be presented to the 
Members of the former board of Selectmen, for their able, faith- 
ful & impartial Services, during Years past. 

Adjourned to tomorrow Morning at past 9 Clock. 
Met according to Adjournment. 

Hon. William Phillips Redford Webster 

Thomas Perkins Samuel Snelling 

William Mackay Joseph Coolidge J r . 

Jonathan Phillips Samuel May 

Jacob Hall Edward Tuckerman 

Edward Phillips and Henry Bass Esq rs . 

were chosen Overseers of the Poor and of the Workhouse for the 

Year ensuing. 

Voted. That the thanks of the Town be given to Joseph 
Richards & Samuel H. Walley Esq rs . for their faithful Services 
as Overseers of the Poor for several Years past. 

[235.] Thomas Melville Stephen Codman 

Daniel Messinger Joshua Davis 

Benjamin Smith Nathaniel Curtis 

James Phillips Samuel M. Thayer 

Joseph Love ring John D. Williams 

Jonathan Loring John Mackay 

Lemuel Shaw Benjamin Russell 

Bryant P. Tilden Winslow Lewis 

Thomas Jackson Amos Binney 

Enoch Silsby Isaac Harris 

George W. Otis Joseph Jones 

William Howe Jonathan Whitney 

Jeremiah Fitch Samuel A. Wells 

William Burrows Samuel Hichborn Jun r . 
EdmundWinchester & Jonathan Thaxter Esquires 

were chosen Firewards for the Year ensuing. 



136 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Voted. That the Thanks of the Town be given to John Bray, 
Nathan Webb, Joseph Austin & Turner Phillips, Esq rs . for their 
faithful Services as Fire Wards for many Years past. 

Doct r . Thomas Welsh Henry J. Oliver Esq r . 
Doct r . Aaron Dexter Rev : John Pierpont 
Rev : Charles Lowell Lemuel Shaw Esq r . and 
William Wells Esq r . Rev. Daniel Sharp, 
were chosen on the School Committee. 

Voted. That the above named Gentlemen who conjunctly 
[236] with the Selectmen, are termed the School Committee, be 
and hereby are directed to carry the System of education adopted 
by the Town into Operation : and that said Committee be also 
authorized and empowered, conjunctly to manage and regulate the 
Government of the Schools ; and to execute all the powers rela- 
tive to the Schools and Schoolmasters, which the Selectmen, or 
such Committees are authorized by the Laws of this Common- 
wealth or by the Votes of the Town to exercise. 

Votes. Were received for a Treasurer for the County of Suf- 
folk ; which were sorted & counted by the Moderator & Town 
Clerk. the Votes given in were for 

Col. Thaddeus Page - - 873 Charles Newell - - - - 1 
Benjamin Weld Esq r . - - 752 Washington Munroe - - 1 

Charles Hammatt - - - 283 John Colton 1 

Turner Phillips Esq 1 '. - - 93 James Savage - - - - 1 
Nathan Webb Esq r . - - 32 

2037 

Adjourned to half past 3 Clock. P. M. 
Met According to Adjournment at past 3 Clock. 

Mess. Benjamin White William Clouston 
Nathaniel Bradlee Noah Doggett 
Thomas Christie Bradock Loring 
William Green Eleazer Homer 

Joseph Stodder Allen Bowker 

William Ellison Nathaniel Glover 

John Howe Jun r . Richard Thayer 
[237.] Edward J. Robbins Henry Blake 

Joseph Tucker Moses Eayres Jun r . 

Benjamin Harris and Oliver Mills 
were chosen Surveyors of Boards and Other Lumber. 

Mess. Henry Purkitt Benjamin Owen 

Nathaniel Howe Benjamin Clark 
James Brown and Charles Pook 
were chosen Cullers of Hoops and Staves. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1820. 137 

Mess". Benjamin Clark Nathaniel Howe 
Charles Pook Benjamin Owen 

James Brown John F. Bannister 

William Spear, Jacob Barstow & Eben r . Perry 
were Chosen Cullers of Dry Fish. 

Mess rs . Benjamin White Nathaniel Bradlee 

Romanus Emerson Abel Hewins 
Rolun Hartshorn and John Howe Jun r . 
were chosen Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 

Mess". Joseph Cabot John Kimball 

William Andrews and Royal Oliver 

were chosen Hogreeves, Haywards & field drivers for the Year 
ensuing. 

Mess". Michael Homer, Francis James and Samuel Sprague 
were Chosen Inspectors of Lime. 

Samuel Emmons and James Phillips Esq r ". were Chosen Sur- 
veyors of Hemp. 

Thomas Howe and John Tuckerman Esq. were chosen Sur- 
veyors of Wheat. 

[238.] John Wells and Nathaniel Alley Esq". were Chosen 
Assay Masters. 

The Selectmen were chosen Surveyors of Highway. 

Voted, That Stephen Codman, Francis J. Oliver and Robert 
G. Shaw Esquires be and hereby are appointed a Committee to 
Audit the Accounts of the Town Treasurer; and said Com- 
mittee are directed to report the sum necessary to be raised for 
the services of the present Year. 

Voted, That the consideration of all Money Matters.be referred 
to the May Meeting. 

James Prince, Isaac Winslow & Samuel May Esq. were ap- 
pointed a Committee to examine the report of Receipts & expen- 
ditures made by the Committee of Finance, in Order to Ascertain 
whether any savings or retrenchments may be made in the public 
expences and Report at the May Meeting. 

The Article in the Warrant "To consider the request of a 
number of the Inhabitants for permission to continue the Range 
of Tombs in the South Burial Ground, under the direction of the 
Board of Health " was taken up and committed to the Selectmen, 
to report thereon at the May Meeting. 



138 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

The Application of the Boston & Roxbury Mill Corporation, 
to be allowed further time to complete their Works, was also 
Committed to the Selectmen. 

[239.] The Votes for four persons to complete the School 
Committee, were received sorted & Counted ; when it appeared, 
the whole number was 1582. necessary to make a choice 792. 
The highest number of Votes given for any candidate was 754. 
There being no choice. It was Moved & Voted, That the choice 
of four Gentlemen to complete the School Committee be referred 
to the May Meeting. 

The Article in the Warrant ' ' To see if the Town will Lease to 
the Freemasons the Rooms over the First Storey in the Old State 
House for a long term of Years." was taken up and the Subject 
referred to the Selectmen to consider and report thereon at the 
May Meeting. 

Voted, Unanimously. That the Thanks of the Town be pre- 
sented to the Hon : John Phillips Esq r . for his able and impartial 
services as Moderator of this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 

Attest Tho 8 . Clark. Town Clerk. 



[24O.] At a Meeting of the Male Citizens of the Town of 
Boston held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the third day of April. 
A.D. 1820. 9 oClock A.M. 

Prayer by the Rev : Paul Dean. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting and the return thereon read 
by the Chairman of the Selectmen. 

Thomas Clark Esq r . Town Clerk being absent by reason of 
indisposition, Samuel F. M c .Cleary Esq r . was chosen Clerk pro 
tempore and the Oath of Office was administered to him in open 
Town Meeting, by Zebedee Cook J r . Esq r . a Justice of the peace 
for the County of Suffolk. 

The Constitution and Laws were read respecting the election 
of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Councillors & Senators. 

The Selectmen presiding, the Chairman requested the legal 
Voters to prepare & bring in their Votes for Governor, Lieuten- 
ant Governor & Six Senators for the County of Suffolk. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1820. 139 

On Motion made and seconded, it was Voted. That the poll 
shall be closed at 2 oClock P.M. 

Persons voted for as Governor, with the number of Votes for 
each person viz 1 . 

His Excellency John Brooks 3521 

Hon: William Eustis 1682 

John Phillips ----- 1 

Benjamin Parsons -------- i 

Daniel Adams - 1 

Hosea Ballon -- 1 

Parson Channing 1 

Benjamin R. Grosman 1 



5209 

[241.] Persons voted for for Lieut. Governor, with the num- 
ber of Votes for each person viz*. 

His Honor William Phillips 3489 

Hon. Benjamin Austin - 1701 

William Eustis 1 

Levi Lincoln - 1 

William Sullivan 1 

John H. Smith 1 

Elias Smith - 1 

Joshua Sears -..._ i 

Stephen Shelton 1 



5197 

Persons Voted for as Councillors and Senators for the Dis- 
trict of Suffolk, with the number of Votes for each person viz*. 

Hon. John Phillips 5187 

" Peter C. Brooks 5151 

" John Welles 5112 

" Jonathan Hunnewell 3304 

" Benjamin Gorham 3387 

William Sullivan Esq r . 3398 

Hon. William Gray 1818 

Samuel A. Wells Esq r . 1793 

David Sears Esq r . 1813 

James T. Austin _.. 59 

Josiah Quincy 32 

Henry Dearborn - 8 Abram Babcock - ... 1 
Thomas Badger - 3 Artemas Ward - ... 2 
Jacob Rhodes - 1 Nathaniel Goddard - - - 2 

William Phillips - 2 Henry Orne 8 

William Ingalls - 4 Isaac Winslow - - - - 2 

Samuel P. Gardner 1 Joseph C. Smith - - - - 2 

Thomas L. Win- Josiah Salisbury - ... 3 

throp - - - 2 Russell Sturgis - - - - 3 



140 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Joseph Coolidge Benjamin Hunnewell - - 1 

J r . . ... l James Lloyd 2 

Samuel Brown - 4 Jeremiah Evarts - - - - 3 

Isaac Dapee - - 1 Joseph Tilden .... 2 

Samuel Hubbard - 5 Moses Wallack - - - - 1 

Amos Binney - - 1 David Townsend - - - - 1 

Jesse Putnam - 3 William Gale ----- 1 

Lemuel Shaw - - 1 Samuel A. Walley - - - 1 

Peter O.Thacher - 2 James Perkins - - - - 1 

James Prince - - 1 Charles Willis - - - - 1 

George Blake - - 1 Henry White ---.-- 1 

William P. Felton 1 Benjamin Whitman - - - 2 

Benjamin T. Wells 1 Charles Davis - - - - 1 

John Minchin - - 1 William Jennings 1 

Ebenezer Kick- Samuel Salisbury - - - 1 

shins - - - - 1 Eben r . Clough - - - - 1 

Attested Copies of return of Persons Voted for as Governor 
Lieutenant Governor, Counsellors & Senators for the District of 
Suffolk, were sealed up in Open Town Meeting, (after the 
Vote had been declared) to be transmitted to the Secretary of 
the Commonwealth, as prescribed by Law, and directed as 
follows, viz*. 

" To Alden Bradford Esq r . Secretary of the Commonwealth 

of Massachusetts. 

Votes of the Town of Boston, for Governor & Lieutenant 
Governor, sealed up in Open Town Meeting." 

"To Alden Bradford Esq r . Secretary of the 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

Votes of the Town of Boston, for Six Senators and Counsellors, 
for the District of Suffolk, sealed up in Open Town Meeting." 

The Meeting was then Dissolved. 

Attest 

S. F. M c Cleary Town Clerk pro tern. 



[243.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of twenty one Years of age & upwards qualified as 
the Constitution prescribes, held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
15 th day of May A.D. 1820. 

10 Clock A.M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . M r . Eaton. 
Warrant for Calling the Meeting, read. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1820. 141 

Paragraph of the Constitution relative, to the choice of Repre- 
sentatives, read. Also the Laws of the Commonwealth regulat- 
ing Town Meetings and relating to the qualification of Voters, 
were read. 

A Communication from the Assessors was read, wherein it was 
stated that ' ' they have not yet completed taking the Polls in all 
the Wards the present Year. the whole number found the last 
Year was eleven thousand one hundred & ninety Seven, and so 
far as they have already progressed, they have no hesitation in 
saying, that the number will not be diminished the present 
Year. " 

Voted to proceed to the Choice of Fifteen persons to represent 
this Town in the General Court the present Year. 

Voted, That the Poll be closed at 2 Clock P.M. 

The Votes being collected, Sorted & Counted it appeared thai 
the whole number given in was 2498 

Necessary to make a choice 1250 the 

following Gentlemen had the number of Votes set against their 
respective names and were declared to be duly elected. 
Representatives for the Year ensuing viz 1 . 

[244.] Josiah Quincy 1482 Benjamin Russell - 1500 

Warren Button 1551 William Tudor - - 1549 

Lemuel Shaw 2446 William Sturgis - 1555 

Samuel Hubbard 2460 Joseph Coolidge J r . 1556 

Heman Lincoln 2464 Edmund Winchester 2445 

Nathan Hale 1570 George Bond - - 1522 

Joseph Austin 1542 Francis C. Gray - 1567 and 
Theodore Lyman J r . 2377 

The following Gentlemen, had the number of Votes set against 

their respective Names. viz 1 . 

Benjamin Whit- Josiah Salisbury - - - 953 

man - - - 938 David Sears 931 

James T Austin 936 Jeremiah Evarts - - - 953 

John Brazer - - 897 James Loring .... 950 

Thaddeus Page - 913 Samuel A. Wells - - - 923 

John P. Boyd - 902 D. Messinger - - - - 3 

S. E. Dwight - 3 Henry Dearborn - - - 2 

Theodore Lyman 2 L. Packard J r . - - - - 1 

J. Levering - - 1 Benj. Rich ----- 1 

George Hallett - 1 Sam 1 . L. Knapp ... 2 

Js. Thorndike - 1 Jos. Hall J r . 1 

W m . R. Gray - 1 Jon a . Whitney - - - - 1 

Thomas Badger - 5 B. P. Tilden 4 

Joseph Eustis - 1 Thomas Baldwin ... 2 



142 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



G. King - - - 
Jon a . Simonds - 
J. N. Howe - - 
David Mosely - 
Fitch Tufts - - 
Mat. M. Hunt - 
Sam 1 . Dorr - - 
Issac Stevens 
J. C. Rainsford - 
F. Welsh - - - 
E. Ticknor - - 
Henry Rice - - 
John Fox - - - 
James Prince 
John Campbell - 
D. W. Child - - 
[245] H. Purkitt - - 
L. Tappan 
Ch 8 . Tappan - - 
Joel Thayer - - 
Joseph West- - 
Arnold Welles - 
D. Baxter - - 
Jacob Hall - - 
Sam 1 . Hitchborn 
Henry H. Fuller 
Jacob Rhodes 
W m . B. Bradford 
H. G. Otis - - 
Joshua Child 
Alex Bliss - - 
Caleb Adams 
Timothy Wil- 
liams - - - 
Aaron Hill - - 
John Dorr - - 
Jos. Grafton - - 
John D. Dyer - 
John Brown - - 
John Cotton - - 
Elisha Ticknor - 
T. Vose - - - 
Eben Fro thing- 
ham - - - - 
Sam 1 . Whitwell - 
Fred k . Cabot - 
Sam 1 . Brown - 
R. G. Shaw - - 
Jon a . Loring - - 
S. Parkrnan J r . - 



1 


T. K. Jones ----- 


1 


1 


T. L. Winthrop - - - - 


4 


1 


D. Hale J r . 


1 


2 


Jos. Coolidge - 


1 


1 


William Gray - - - - 


8 


1 


Henry Orne - - - - - 


8 


4 


James Savage - - - - 


2 


1 


R. B. Callender - - - - 


1 


1 


W m . Ingalls 


1 


4 


Josiah Vose 


1 


1 


David W. Bradlee - - - 


1 


1 


Dan 1 . Wild - - - - 


1 


1 


Otis Everett 


1 


1 


Sam 1 . F. Armstrong - - 


4 


1 


W m . Minot 


1 


2 






4 


W m . Little 


4 


1 


J. C. Ballard - - - - 


1 


1 


Alfred Curtis ... - 


1 


1 


George Odiorne - - - - 


4 


i 


fi W (Hid 


i 


X 

2 


Dean Willis 


JL 

1 


4 


Geo. Frothingham - - - 


1 


1 


Fra James - 


1 


i 


DVinnl 


I 


i. 
1 


W m . Gale 


2 


3 


S. H. Walley - - - - 


2 


1 


John Levering - - - - 


1 


2 




1 




1 


Thomas Wigglesworth - - 


1 


1 


Thomas Jackson - - - 


1 


1 




1 


i 


James S. Lovell - - 


1 


1 


Archibald M c Neill - - - 


1 




TTHflCi Smith 


1 


1 


Tho. Melville - - - - 


1 


2 


Jos. Foster - - . - -^ 


1 


1 


James Phillips - - - - 


1 


1 


Asa Whitney - - - - 


1 


2 


Barz Holmes 


1 


2 


Phineas Upham - - - - 


1 


1 


Edmund Wright J 1 . - - 


1 




T g \ 1 i -rv^o 


1 


1 


Peter C. Brooks - - - - 


1 


4 


T. Goddard - - - - - 


1 


1 


Turner Phillips - - - - 


1 


4 


Sam 1 . Appleton - - - - 


1 


5 


Jon a . Phillips - - - - 


1 


1 


Eben r . Francis - - - - 


1 


1 


Josiah Whitney - - - - 


1 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1820- 



143 



Franklin Dexter 1 

Jesse Putnam - 2 

Eph m . Marsh - 2 

Geo. Burroughs - 1 

Jos. Tilden - - 2 

Nath 1 . Curtis - 1 

S. Snelling - - 1 

David Stanwood 1 

J. Kilharu - - 1 

R. D. Tucker - 1 

Theo Bainbridge 1 

Tho 8 . Sawyer - 1 

John G. Rodgers 1 

James Sabine - 1 

Benj a . West - - 1 

[246] H. Homes - - 1 

B. Rand - - - 1 

S. Bean - - - 1 

Amos Fitch - . 1 

David C. Mosely 2 

Martin Brimmer 1 

Sam 1 . Billings - 2 

Jon a . Loring - - 1 

J. Dorr - - - 1 

Gidney King - - 1 

D. Webster - - 1 

A. Peabody - - 1 

John Fitch - - 1 



David Hale - 
James Smith - 
Dan 1 . Dunton 
Henry Emmons - 
W m . Wells - - 
Jon a . L. Austin - 
Redford Webster 
Tho. Hunting - 
W". Jackson 
Ch 8 . Davis - - 
Isaac Winslow - 
David Henshaw - 
J. C. Ransford - 
Jos. Woodward - 
Ensign Lincoln - 
Benj. Rich - - 
Moses Grant- - 
R. Faxon - - - 
Fred k . Weld - - 
Jos. Grafton - - 

E. Jones - 
T. Motley - 
Jer 11 . Fitch - - 
H. G. Otis Jun r . 
John Cotton - - 

F. Bassett - - 
John Clark - 

J. Phillips - - 



Declaration of the State of the Votes being made, The Meeting 
was Dissolved 

Attest 

Tho' Clark, Town Clerk. 



At a Meeting of the Male Citizens of the Town of Boston, 
liable to be taxed, held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 29 th . day 
of May A.D. 1820 9 Clock A.M. 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read. 
Stephen Codman Esq r . was chosen Moderator. 

William Dall Joshua Davis 

Thomas Dawes Peter O. Thacher 

Barzillai Homes and George Bond Esq rs . 
were chosen Trustees of Neck Lands. 



George Darracott Esq r . was chosen a Fire ward. 



144 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

[247.] Francis J. Oliver Esq r . Rev. Nath 1 . L. Frothingham 

Benjamin Russell and John G. Coffin Esq rs . 
were chosen to supply the vacancies in the School Committee. 

Thomas Hammond, was chosen Pound Keeper at South Boston. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be a Committee to cause a Pound 
to be built on G Street South Boston. 

Thomas Hammond Jeremiah Cotting and 

Simon J. Stoddard 

were appointed Hogreeves, Hay wards & Field Drivers for the 
Year ensuing. 

Joseph Cabot John Kimball 

Joseph Harris and William Andrews 
were chosen Field Drivers for the Year ensuing. 

The Petition of a number of the inhabitants "That a new 
School House may be erected at the Westerly part of the Town ' ' 
was referred to the School Committee. 

The Committee to whom was referred the Application of John 
T. Apthorp & Benjamin Gorham Esq. in Behalf of the Boston 
& Roxbury Mill Corporation have attended the duty assigned 
them & ask leave to Report. 

At a legal meeting of the Inhabitants of the town of Boston on 
the 11 th . day of June 1813. on the Petition of Isaac P; Davis 
and others for liberty to build a Mill Dam & Turnpike Road 
from the bottom of Beacon Street and for other Mill Improve- 
ments. it was Voted, to refer the same to a Committee, con- 
sisting of the [248] Board of Selectmen & one Gentleman 
from each Ward in the Town, to consider the subject and report 
at a future Meeting. 

The Committee thus appointed reported in favor of the request 
of the petitioners on certain conditions expressed in their report, 
allowing them five years from the first day of January 1815 to 
complete their Work Provided however, that in case said Cor- 
poration shall fail to perform either of the above conditions 
within the time aforesaid then the grant from the Town of Boston 
shall be wholly Void, and the land and flats shall revert to the 
town. Your Committee are well aware that the Work is not 
completed, and that the property then conditionally conveyed has 
reverted to the Town. 

Your Committee have confined themselves principally to the 
consideration of the interests of the town, and as they are satis- 
fied the delay in the completion of this Work was not the fault of 
the corporation, but the effect of circumstances, beyond their 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1820. 145 

control, they recommend that an extension of time be allowed the 
Proprietors of the Boston & Roxbury Mill Corporation, under all 
the conditions, limitations & restrictions originally prescribed, 
of Two Years from the first day [of J January 1820. 

submitted by Eliphalet Williams, 

by order of the Committee. 

The foregoing Report was Read & Accepted. And 
Voted, That the Proprietors of the Boston and Roxbury Mill Cor- 
poration be allowed two years from the first day of January 
1820 to complete their Works, agreeably to the Report. 

[249.] The Committee to whom was referred the Application 
of Joseph Balch and Others to continue the range of Tombs in 
the South Burying Ground have attended that service and ask 
leave to Report. 

That by a Law of this Commonwealth passed 20 t] ?. June 
1816 The Board of Health of the Town of Boston are fully 
authorized & empowered from time to time to make and establish, 
such rules orders and regulations, for the interment of the Dead 
in said Town, to establish the Police of the burying grounds, 
appoint and locate the places for the deposit of the dead in said 
town, and to cause the burying grounds to be repaired and prop- 
erly enclosed. 

Your Committee are therefore unanimously of opinion that the 
application of the petitioners ought to be referred to the Board 
of Health who only are empowered to act in the premises. 
Submitted by Eliphalet Williams, 

Chairman of the Committee. 
The above Report was read and Accepted. 

The Committee appointed to consider the application of Daniel 
Baxter and Others " To see if the Town will Lease to the Free- 
masons the rooms over the first Story in the Old State House, " 
made a report against the petitioners which was not accepted ; 
the subject after a lengthy debate was indefinitely postponed. 

The Article in the Warrant relating to the Claim of Mess". 
David Hinckley & Luther Ellis was taken up, and after a short 
debate, the subject was dismissed. 

[25O.] The Application of Lemuel Packard Jun r . & Others 
' ' to take into consideration the expediency of uniting the Offices 
and duties of the County & Town Treasurers, was read and re- 
ferred to the Committee of Finance, to consider the Subject and 
report thereon at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

It was Voted, to fill the Vacancy at the Board of Selectmen ; 
and the adjournment of this Meeting was assigned as the time 
for this purpose. 



146 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

The Subscribers having been appointed a Committee by a Vote 
of the Town on the 21 st day of March 1820. " to Audit the 
Accounts of the Town Treasurer, with directions to report the 
sura necessary to be raised, for the services of the present 
Year. Report that they have so far attended that service as to 
examine the Treasurer's Accounts for all Monies received and 
paid by him from the 10 th day of May 1819 to the 22 nd day of 
May 1820. with all the Vouchers. That they find the same 
correctly stated, well vouched & right cast : by which it appears 
that there remains a balance due to the Town, in the hands of the 
Treasurer of Forty five thousand, one hundred and Seventy dol- 
lars & T 7 ff e ff up to the said 22 d day of May instant. 

With regard to the remaining part of the duty assigned them 
by their Commission, viz 1 , to Report the sum necessary to be 
raised for the services of the present year, the Committee would 
observe, that since the establishment of a Standing Committee of 
finance, who are composed of the members of the Boards of 
Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor & Health for the time being, 
that Service has been performed by them, and therefore this 
Committee [251] beg leave to refer the town, to their Report 
on this subject, which they presume will be made at this 
Meeting. 

Your Committee take this Occasion to congratulate the Town 
on the pleasing situation of their Monied concerns, it appears 
by the Treasurer's Accounts, that the Town is .now entirely 
free of debt, and that a handsome sum remains in the Treas- 
ury. This very happy state must be attributed to the liberality 
& punctuality of the citizens in promptly discharging the duties 
the} 7 owe each Other, by their readiness to pay their taxes, as 
well as to the good arrangements of the Treasurer & Collector, 
in the discharge of his duty. 

All which is respectfully submitted 
Step Codman ^ 
Francis J. Oliver }- Committee. 
Rob*, G. Shaw ) 

The foregoing Report was read and Accepted. 

The Report of the Committee of Finance was Ordered to be 
printed. 

Adjourned to Thursday the 8 th day June next at 10 Clock 
A.M. 

[252.] Thursday June 8 th . Met according to adjournment. 

Eighth Annual Report 
of the Committee of Finance. 

The Committee of Finance consisting of the Selectmen, Over- 
seers of the Poor and Board of Health, have attended to the duty 
assigned them by the Town, and present the following report. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1820. 147 

That they have carefully examined the Books and Accounts of 
the Treasurer & Collector, which they found to be clearly and 
accurately kept and adjusted ; that they have examined the Books 
& Accounts of the Board of Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor 
& Board of Health for receipts and expenditures in their several 
departments, all of which they found accurately adjusted ; and 
have examined generally into the monied concerns of the Town, 
and present the following Statements as the result of their inves- 
tigations. 

N. 1. 
The Amount of Taxes Assessed in 1819 was as follows viz*. 

State Tax 22,061.33 

Town & County Tax - - - 147,797.77 



$169,859.10 

Amount received by the Treasurer, on 

Account of said Taxes 156,293.90 

Amount of Abatement of Taxes agree- 
ably to certificates of the Assessors - 8,073.20 

Balance Uncollected 5,492. 



169,859.10 

[253.] Amount received by the Treasurer on Account of 
Uncollected Taxes of preceding Years and outstanding at last 
settlement 

1813 & 1814 43.40 

1815 111. 

1816 190.30 

1817 349.80 

1818 2,661. 3 

1819 156,293.90 



$159,649.43 

whole Amount received for Taxes by the Treasurer from May 
1819 to May 1820 $159,649.43. 



N. 2. 

The Town of Boston in Account with A. Sigourney Treas 1 . - D r . 

1819 

May 10 To amount due the Com- 
monwealth on Tax of 

1818 10,000. 

To Amount due County 
of Suffolk on d. - 8,000 



148 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

d on Selectmens & 
Overseers drafts - - - 3,717.43 
1820 

Jan y . 10. To Cash paid Boston 
Bank for my Note as 
Treasurer, dated Oct r . 

1. 1819 10,000. 

Feb?. 29 To ditto Massachusetts 
Bank for d. dated 
Aug 1 --.:.. 10,000. 

41,717.43 

April 10. To ditto Elizabeth Brad- 
lee for d. dated Dec r . 

10. 1818 6,000. 

28 To ditto Commonwealth 

Tax for 1819 - - - 22,061.33 
" To ditto County of Suf- 
folk d. 15,871. 

" To ditto Interest on Sun- 
dry Notes ---. 1,023.80 
" To John Stuarts Note - 125. 

* " J & A Huntings d. - 40. 

45,121 13 

Amount of the Board 
of Healths drafts 
from June 11 th to 
Dec r . 27 th . 1819 in- 
clusive - ... 9,000. 
Amount of the Over- 
seers drafts from 
June 2 nd . 1819 to 
May 3 rd . 1820, in- 
clusive - --- 32,518.76 
Amount of Selectmens 
drafts from May 
31 8t . 1819 to May 
3. 1820 inclusive - 94,967.92 



Carried over - ... $136,486.68 86,838.56 
[254.] Amount brought forward, 136,486.68 86,838.56 
Amount of d. for Boylston 
Town Schools from 31 st . May 

1819 to Nov r . 29 th . inclusive, 1,397.89 137,884.57 
Counterfeit Bills received for 

Taxes 11. 

1820 
May 22. Balance due the Town to 

New Account - - - 45,170.76 45,181.76 



$269,904.89 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1820. 149 

The Town of Boston in % with A Sigourney Treasurer. C r . 
1819 

May 10. By Balance due the Town T r % of this 

date, rendered 43,973.69 

29 By Cash of Jabez Hunt- 
ing for his Note - - 90 . 
June 1 By d. of Jacob Tidd J r . 

ford . 378. 

July 2 By d. of W m . Tukesbury 

in part of d. - - - 354. 

July 24 By d. of Rea & Wright 

in part of d. - - - 100. 

24. By Cash of A Moore in 

part of his Note - - 39 . 2 

29. By d. of the State Treas- 
urer for the maintain- 
ance of State Paupers 
to June 1 - - - - 8,088.24 

9,049.26 

Aug*. 30. By d. of Massachusetts 

Bank for my Note as 

Treasurer - - - - 10,000. 
Sep*. 11. By d. of W m . Wetmore 

in part of his Note - 100. 

27 By d. of W m . Wetmore 

in full of his Note - - 135. 

Oct r . 2. By d. of Boston Bank for 

my Note as Treasurer, 10,000. 

20,235. 

1820 
Jan y . 7. By d. of Uriah Cotting 

balance of Bond - - 516. 

" 15. By d. of Abraham Moore 

in part of his Note - 14.90 

Mar. 14 By d. of State Treasurer 
for Maintainance of 
State Paupers to DecM, 8,495.86 
By d. of Ralph Haskins 
by Lemuel Shaw Esq r . 
for paving Tremont and 
Court Streets - - - 13.68 

April 26. By d. of Ward N. Boyl- 

ston in part of his Bond, 5,000. 
29 By d. of Rea & Wright, 100. 

May 18 By d. of Abraham Moore 

balance of his Note - 70.8 

14,210 52 



150 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

20 By d. for Licenses to 

Auctioneers - - - - 124. 

By d. for d. to Hackney 

Carriages - ... 74. 

By d. for breaches of 

Laws 79.33 

By d. of the Fire Wards 

their proportion of the 

fines received for breach 

of Gunpowder Laws - 62.8 

May 20. By Cash of Militia 

Exempts ----- 258. 

By Balance due on Select- 

mens & Overseers 

drafts 226.24 



823.65 87,468.47 
1820 
[255.] May 20. By Amount 

Brought Forward - - 823.65 87,468.47 

May 20. By Cash rec d . for Interest 

on Bonds & Notes 3483.2 

4,306.67 

By Cash rec d . for Rent of 

Lands on Neck - - - 186.20 

By Cash ree d . for Rent on 
Prince & Merrimack 
Streets ..... 31. 

By Cash rec d . for Hay 

Scales 297.47 

By Cash rec d . for House 

in Union Street ... 48. 

By Cash rec d . for Stalls 

& on Market - - - 9694.74 

By Cash rec d . for Stalls & 
Cellars under Faneuil 

Hall 4002.50 

By Cash rec d . for Shops 
& Offices in Old State 

House 4220.41 

18,480.32 

By Cash rec d . for Taxes 
of 1813, 1814, 1815, 
1816, 1817, 1818 & 
1819 159,649.43 



$269,904.89 

Boston 22 May 1820. 

Errors Excepted 

Andrew Sigourney Town Treasurer 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1820. 



151 



N. 3. 
Statements of the Debts & Credits of 

May 1820. 
Town of Boston -------- 

To Selectmen of Boston - - - - 

" Overseers Drafts - - - - - 

" Selectmens d. ----- - 

" Boylston Town Schools ... 
" Unliquidated Accounts - - - 



the Town of Boston 



D r 



1230. 

187.45 

38.79 

7738.10 

5182.67 



Balance in favor of the Town - - 

Town of Boston C r . 

By Ward N. Boylston Bond - - - 10,000 

" Jacob Tidd Jun r 1512 

" John Hancock 930 

" Joseph Rowe 535.50 

" Rea & Wright 500. 

" John Stuart 125. 

" Isaac Rand 46.20 

" J. & A. Hunting 40. 

Carried Forward - - - - 13688.70 
[356.] By Amount Brought 

Forward 13688.70 

By William Tewksbury - 17.55 
By Commonwealth of 

Massachusetts - - - 7000. 

By Uncollected Taxes - - 1500. 

By Cash in the Treasury - 45170.76 



14377.01 
53.000 



67377.01 



67,377.01 



Boston May 22, 1820. 

Errors Excepted 

Andrew Sigourney Town Treasurer. 

D r . Boylston Town Schools in % with the Town of Boston. C r . 



1819 
June 1 To Cash pr. Sun- 



dry bills 
July To Cash 
Aug 4 . " do 
Nov r " do 
Dec r " do 



- 923.14 

- 7617 

- 250.63 

- 54. 

- 93.95 



1819 
May 10, By Balance 

due as p r . account of 

this date - - - 8691.33 
Int*. on do. 1 year - 521.47 



1397.89 
Interest on the above 

sums - - - - 76.81 



1474.70 



1820 

May 22 To balance to 
New Ace*. - - 



7738.10 
9212.80 



9212.80 



152 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

N. 4. 

Statement exhibiting the Amount of Debts now due from the 
Town of Boston ; the Amount which will Accrue for Expendi- 
tures the Year ensuing, the Amount to be received from the 
various Sources of revenue enumerated, and the amount to be 
Assessed upon the Inhabitants to meet and pay the balance. 

Amount now due T r . Statement N 3 14377.1 
d. required by the Board of 

Selectmen ----- 56445. 
d. required by the School 

Committee 28000. 

d. required by the Board of 

Overseers of the Poor - 30000. 
d. required by the Board of 

Health 9000. 

d. required by the Primary 

School 8000. 

d. required for State Tax - - 22061.33 

d. " " County Tax - 20000. 
d. Probable expence of a New 

School House - - - - 10000. 

$197,883.34 



[257.] Amount of Balance in the Treasury - - 45,170.76 
Rents of Market, Town House &c - - 16,000. 
Outstanding taxes estimated ... - 1500. 

62,670.76 

Balance to be raised as follows : 
Amount assessed by State 

for State Tax - - - - 22,061.33 
Amount assessed by State 

for County Tax - - - 20,000. 
Amount assessed by Town 

for Town Tax . . . 93,151.25 

135,212.58 



$197,883.34 

The Committee therefore recommend that a Tax of One hun- 
dred & four thousand Dollars, be levied to pay the Current 
expenses of the Year, which amount includes a sum of ten 
thousand Dollars as a provision to meet the probable Amount of 
abatements of taxes. 

Submitted by order of the Committee of Finance. 

Eliphalet Williams, Chairman. 
Selectmens Room May 24, 1820. 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1820. 153 

The" foregoing Report was Read and Accepted. And Voted. 
That the sum of One hundred & four thousand dollars be raised 
by a tax, to be Assessed upon the Polls and Estates of the Inhab- 
itants of the Town to defray the expenses of the Town the pres- 
ent Year. 

Upon the representation & exhibition of the doings & pro- 
ceedings of Andrew Sigourney Esq r . Treasurer & Collector of 
taxes of the Town of Boston the last year. 

Voted. That the Town of Boston approve of the conduct of 
said Andrew Sigourney Esq r . in the said offices of Treasurer and 
Collector, and that he has faithfully & fully as was in his power 
completed the execution of his duty in said Offices, to which he 
has been appointed as aforesaid, and that he be excused from all 
delinquency or default in not having effected the full and com- 
plete settlement of the taxes, by him to have been received or col- 
lected according to Law. 

[258.] Voted. That the Town Treasurer, be authorized to 
borrow with the approbation of the Committee of Finance, a Sum 
not exceeding Seventy Thousand Dollars : if the same should be 
found necessary for the service of the Town. 

Voted. That the sum of eight thousand dollars appropriated 
for primary Schools, be augmented to Eight thousand five hun- 
dred the present Year. 

The Selectmen in conformity to a Law of this Commonwealth, 
laid before the Town a list of persons they had Selected to serve 
as Grand and Traverse Jurors at the Courts of this State, and at 
the United States Courts. The Report of the Selectmen waa 
considered, and it was Voted, That the Town confirm their 
doings. 

David W. Child Esq r . was chosen to fill the vacancy at the 
Board of Selectmen, occasioned by the death of Hon Benjamin 
Austin. 

A Report from the Committee of Primary Schools was read 
and referred to the School Committee, to consider & report 
thereon at the adjournment of this Meeting. 

The Committee to whom was referred the subject of uniting 
the offices of Town & County Treasurers, requested further time 
to report on that subject, which was granted. 

Voted, That there be allowed & paid unto Hon. Thomas Dawes, 
the sum of Seven hundred & fifty dollars for his Salary as Judge 
of the Municipal Court the present Year. 



154 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

[259.] Voted that there be allowed and paid unto Thomas 
Clark, Town Clerk, the sum of one thousand dollars as his sal- 
ary the present Year. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid unto each of the perma- 
nent Assessors, the sum of one thousand dollars, as their Salary 
for the present Year. 

The Subject of a Salary for the Town Treasurer & Collector 
was referred to the adjournment of this Meeting. 

The Subject of leasing the upper stories of the old State 
House to the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts was again brought 
before the Town and after debate was referred to the adjourn- 
ment ; notice thereof to be given in the Public Papers. 

Adjourned to Thursday 22 nd . Instant 10 Clock A.M. 

Thursday June 22 nd . 1820 
The Town met according to Adjournment at 10 Clock A.M. 

The Application of Joseph Stone & Others, " That the Town 
would grant a sum of money towards defraying the expense of 
removing the Gun House from Copps Hill & rebuilding the same 
for the accommodation of the Artillery & Infantry companies " 
was read & Committed to. 

Eliphalet Williams Benjamin Whitman 

Joseph E. Smith Thomas Badger and 

Henry J. Oliver Esq re . to consider the subject and [26O] 
Report at this Meeting. 

The Committee informed the Town, that they were not ready to 
report at this Meeting. 
They requested further time ; which was granted. 

The Committee of Finance to whom was referred the subject of 
uniting the offices of Town & County Treasurer Report. That 
in their opinion the two offices may be united, and the duties per- 
formed by one person ; They therefore recommend that a com- 
mittee be chosen by the Town, to apply to the Legislature, to 
obtain such an alteration in the Law relating to the Election & 
Duties of the County Treasurer, as may be necessary to effect a 
junction of the offices in one person. 

Submitted P r . Order, 

Eliphalet Williams Chairman. 
Selectmens Room June 16 th . 1820. 

The foregoing Report was read and accepted and the Select- 
men were chosen a Committee to apply to the Legislature for 
such alterations in the Law, as may be necessary to effect the 
object of the Report. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1820. 155 

The following Report was laid before the Town by the Chair- 
man of the Committee of Finance. Viz*. 

At a Meeting of the Committee of Finance, at the Selectmens 
Room June 13 th . 1820. 

Voted. That the sum of Twenty five hundred dollars per 
Annum be allowed to the Town Treasurer & Collector for the 
performance of the duties of those offices ; which sum is to in- 
clude all the expenses of office, contained in the Accounts of the 
Treasurer & Collector of the last Year, and paid by him. 



Voted, that the Chairman prepare a report of the 
proceedings of the Board on this subject, and present the same at 
the next Town Meeting. 

Eliphalet Williams, Chairman per Order. 
Selectmens Room June 13 h . 1820. 

The foregoing Report was read & upon motion it was voted, 
that the sum of two thousand, five hundred dollars, be allowed & 
paid into the Town Treasurer and Collector, for the ensuing Year, 
for his Salary, for Clerk hire, expenses of Office, and pay of his 
Deputies. 

Voted, That the Town will Lease to the Grand Lodge of Massa- 
chusetts, all the rooms, above the lower story in the Old State 
House, except the two rooms, on Cornhill, for the sum of Six 
hundred dollars per Annum, and upon such conditions as may 
be agreed upon by said Grand Lodge & the Selectmen of the 
Town. 

The School Committee to whom was referred, the Report from 
the Committee of Primary Schools. Have given the Subject 
such consideration as the time allowed them would permit. 
they ask for further time to consider the subject, with liberty to 
report at some future Meeting of the Town. 

Submitted by Order. Eliphalet Williams, Chairman. 

The foregoing Report was Read & Accepted, and further time 
was allowed to the Committee agreeably to their request. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be presented to Stephen 
Codman Esq r . for his able, faithful & impartial Services as Mod- 
erator of this Meeting. - 

The Meeting was then Dissolved. 

Attest. Tho. Clark Town Clerk. 



156 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

[^ 6 2.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, held at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 4 th 
day of July A.D. 1820 9 Clock A.M. 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting. Read. 
Thomas Clark, was chosen, Moderator. 

The Committee appointed the last Year, to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the Anniversary of Indepen- 
dence, Reported, That they had chosen Theodore Lyman Jun r . 
Esq r . who had Accepted the Appointment. 

Adjourned to the Old South Church, to meet at 12 "Clock M. 

Met at the Old South according to adjournment where an Ora- 
tion was delivered by Theodore Lyman Jun r . Esq r . to commemo- 
rate the Independence of the 

United States of America. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to wait on Theodore Lyman Jun r . Esq r . in the name of the 
Town, and thank him for the elegant & spirited oration this day 
delivered by him at the request of the Town, upon the Anniver- 
sary of American Independence wherein were considered the feel- 
ings, manners & principles which produced the great National 
event, and the important & happy effects, general & domestic, 
which have already, or will forever flow, from that auspicious 
epoch and to request of him a copy, for the press. 

[263.] Voted, That the Gentlemen, Selectmen be & hereby 
are appointed, a Committee to apply to some able and learned 
gentleman to deliver an oration, on the 4 th . of July 1821. that 
day being the anniversary of the Independence of the United 
States of America ; wherein the Orator is to consider the feelings, 
manners and principles, which led to this great National event, 
as well as the important and happy effects, which have already or 
will forever flow from that Auspicious Epoch. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 



[264.] At a legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston, held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 21 8t . day of 
August A.D. 1820. 10 Clock A.M. 

Prayer by the Rev : Doct r . Baldwin. 
Warrant for Calling the Meeting, Read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1820. 157 

The Act of the Legislature of the Commonwealth for Calling 
the Meeting, read, also an extract from a Law regulating Elec- 
tions, was read. 

The Chairman of the Selectmen stated the question before the 
Town, to be this. 

"Is it expedient that Delegates should be chosen to meet in 
Convention for the purpose of revising or altering the Constitu- 
tion of Government, of this Commonwealth." and requested all 
those in favor of calling a Convention, to bring in a written ballot. 
Yes : and all those opposed to the measure, a written ballot, 
Wo. 

Voted, That the Poll be Closed at 2 Clock. 

Upon the close of the Poll, it appeared that there were One 
thousand & twenty nine Yeas, and Fifty Nays. 

A Return was signed and directed to the Secretary of the Com- 
monwealth, as the Act directs. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 

Attest, Tho : Clark, Town Clerk. 



- [265.] At a Meeting of the Committee of Finance held by 
adjournment at the Selectmens Room June 13 th . 1820. 

Present, the Chairman, Mess rs . Billings, Child, Fennelly Fitch, 
Babcock, Baxter and Wells, of the Selectmen. Mess. Coolidge, 
Webster, May, E. Phillips & Hall of the Overseers of the Poor, 
and Mess rs Whitman, Welch, Bass, Thayer, Homes & Bordman 
of the Board of Health. 

Voted, That the Board proceed to elect by ballot a Town Treas- 
urer & Collector, for the Year ensuing & that Mess rs . Welch & 
May, collect, count & sort the Votes. 

The Committee reported that they had attended the service 
assigned them, and that the whole number of votes was nineteen, 
and that they were all for Andrew Sigourney Esq r . who accord- 
ingly was declared to be unanimously chosen. 

Voted, That a Committee of three, be chosen by ballot to wait 
upon M r . Sigourney to inform him that the board had unani- 
mously elected him Town Treasurer and Collector for the Year 
ensuing ; the sum fixed as a Salary for the perfonnance of the 
duties of those Offices, & to require of him the names of the 



158 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

gentlemen, whom he proposes, to give as his Bondsmen on his 
acceptance of the Offices, and report at the adjournment of this 
Meeting. 

Voted, That the former Committee, collect, count, & Sort the 
Votes. The Committee reported the whole number of Votes to 
be eighteen & that the majority was for Mess rs . Whitman, Web- 
ster, & Wells, who were declared to be elected. 

[266.] Doct r . Webster requested to be excused from the 
service which was granted and M r . Chairman was added to the 
Committee. 

A true Copy from the proceedings of the Committee of Fin- 
ance. 

Attest Tho : Clark, Town Clerk. 

At a Meeting, in Convention, of the Selectmen, Overseers of 
the Poor, and board of Health, at the Selectmens Room July 28 th 
1820. 

Present, M r Chairman, Babcock, Billings, Wells, Loring, Child 
& Fennelly of the Selectmen, Mess 18 . Perkins, Mackay, Snelling, 
Coolidge, May, Bass, Webster & Hall of the Overseers, and 
Mess rs . Whitman, Homes, Bradlee, Davis, Carver, Thayer, Tiles, 
ston, Otis, Bordman, Welch & Jackson of the Board of Health. 

S. A. Wells was chosen Secretary. 

The Chairman of the Committee chosen at the Meeting (of the 
Committee of Finance) of the 13 tb June to wait upon the Town 
Treasurer and Collector and inform him of his appointment to 
these Offices, Reported, that they called at the Treasurers 
Office for the above purpose and were informed by his Clerk, 
that the Treasurer was absent from Town and would be absent 
many days ; That on return of the Treasurer, he waited upon & 
informed him that he had been unanimously chosen Treasurer & 
Collector for the Year ensuing. M r . Sigourney replied that 
he declined accepting the Offices, and was ready to deliver up 
the books & papers to any person or persons duly authorized 
to receive them. It was then moved by M r . Whitman ; "That 
the Convention now proceed to make choice of a [267] Treas- 
urer & Collector for the Year ensuing. " which being put, after 
some debate passed in the negative. 

On motion of M r . Coolidge Wednesday next 10 "Clock A.M. 
was assigned for the Choosing of a Town Treasurer and Collector 
for the Year ensuing It was Voted, that the Secretary be 
requested to insert in the several newspapers, the Vote of this 
Convention relative to a choice of Town Treasurer & Collector. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1820. 159 

The Committee chosen to examine the Books and to adopt some 
mode relating to the disposition of the money of the Town in the 
hands of the Treasurer &c. were requested to report at the 
adjournment. 

Voted, That all legal Meetings of the Convention must be 
composed of a Majority of the members of each Board. 

The meeting was adjourned to Wednesday next. 

At an Adjourned Meeting of the Convention, consisting, of 
the Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor, and Board of Health at 
the Selectmens Room August 2 nd . 1820. Present M r . Chairman, 
Child, Billings, Loring, Fennelly, Babcock, Wells, Webster, 
Perkins, Snelling, Hall, May, Bass, Coolidge, Mackay, Whit- 
man, Thayer, Bordman, Bradlee, Carver, Welch, Jackson, Wil- 
kinson, Otis, Tileston, Davis, Homes. The Meeting being 
called to order. The Chairman laid before the Convention 
Applications of the following persons for the Offices of Town 
Treasurer & Collector. Viz'. Peter Coffin, Gamaliel Bradford, 
Andrew C. Dorr, John Pickens J r . Daniel Munroe J r . Charles 
Hammatt, Samuel Norwood, Turner Phillips and Bryant P. 
Tilden. Whereupon it was Voted, That, [268] the Con- 
vention proceed by ballot for selection of Candidates for Town 
Treasurer, and that the three candidates having the highest 
number of Votes, shall be the candidates Voted for at a Second 
trial for that office. 

Voted, that a Committee be chosen to collect, sort and count 
the votes and Mess rs . Welch, May & Loring were chosen. This 
Committee reported, that they had attended to the duty, and 
that the whole number of Votes was twenty seven, of which 
Turner Phillips had 13. Bryant P. Tilden 8. Samuel A. Wells 2. 
E. Williams 1. A. C. Dorr 1. John Pickens 1. Charles Hammat 
1. The Three highest candidates being the first named were to 
be voted for at the next trial, whereupon S. A. Wells declined 
being considered a candidate. The Committee then proceeded to 
collect the votes, who retired and reported the whole number to be 
27. of which Turner Phillips had sixteen & Bryant P. Tilden 
eleven, whereupon M r . Phillips was declared to have been chosen. 

Voted, That the Convention now proceed to elect by ballot a 
Collector for the Year ensuing and the same Committee was 
chosen to collect, sort & count the votes ; who reported the whole 
number to be twenty seven and that all were for Turner Phillips 

Voted, That the same Committee be requested to wait on 
Turner Phillips and inform him that he had been chosen Town 
Treasurer & Collector for the Year ensuing and to require the 
names of his bondsmen. 

The Committee reported that they had attended to the Service ; 
that M r . Phillips declared his acceptance of the offices, & pro- 
posed Jonathan Hunnewell and Ebenezer T. Andrews as his 
bondsmen. 



160 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

[269.] Voted, That the same Committee be requested to 
retire and report, whether in their opinion the Bondsmen offered 
by M r . Phillips were good and sufficient sureties. 

The Committee reported that the Bondsmen were good and 
sufficient, which report was Accepted. 

Voted, That the Town Clerk be directed to make a record of 
the proceedings of this Convention in the Town Records kept by 
him, According to Law. 

Voted, that the vote passed at the last Meeting relating to the 
number that is necessary to do business shall be amended to 
read as follows. 

Voted, that all legal Meetings of the Convention and adjourn- 
ments of the same, must be composed of a Majority of the 
members of each board. 

Voted, that the Convention now resolve itself into a Com- 
mittee of Finance. 

Attest S. A. Wells Sec*. 

A true record of the Proceedings of the Convention 

Attest 

Tho : Clark, Town Clerk 



[27O.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhab- 
itants of the Town of Boston, qualified to vote for Representa- 
tives to the General Court of the Commonwealth held at Faneuil 
Hall on Monday the 16 th . day. of October A.D. 1820. 9 Clock 
A.M. 

Prayer by the Rev d . M r . Dwight. 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting, Read 

This Meeting was called in conformity to an Act of the Legis- 
lature, and a proclamation by the Governor of the Common- 
wealth, for the purpose of Choosing one or more Delegates, to 
meet Delegates, from the Other Towns in Convention at the 
State House, in Boston, on the third Wednesday of November 
next, to take into consideration the propriety and expediency of 
making any (and if any what) alterations or amendments in the 
present Constitution of Government of the Commonwealth. 

The Chairman of the Selectmen having read the Governors 
Proclamation ; stated to the Inhabitants, that by a return of the 
rateable Polls, made by the Assessors, the Town was entitled to 
send forty eight Representatives to the General Court of this 
Commonwealth. Whereupon a Motion was made & seconded 



BOSTON TOWN RECOEDS, 1820. 



161 



that the Town proceed to elect Forty five Delegates to represent 
the Inhabitants of this Town, in the Convention to be held in 
November next, which Motion being put by the Chairman, passed 
unanimously in the affirmative. It was then voted to close the 
Poll at 1 Clock, P.M. 



[271.] The Votes having been received, sorted & counted, 
it appeared that the following (forty five) named gentlemen had 
the number of Votes set against their respective names, and were 
declared to be chosen viz*. 
His Honor William Phil- 
lips 

Hon. Isaac Parker 

u Thomas Dawes - 

" Daniel Davis 

" Artemas Ward 
Rev. James Freeman - 
Hon. Josiah Quincy - 

" John Welles - - 

u Jonathan Hunewell 
Thomas Melville Esq r . 
Redford Webster Esq r . 
Hon. Daniel Webster - 
Benjamin Russell Esq r . 
Warren Dutton Esq r . 
John Cotton Esq r . 
Joseph Tilden Esq r . - 
William Harris Esq r . - 
Rev. Paul Dean - 



James T Austin Esq r . 
James Savage Esq r . - 
Rev. Henry Ware - - 
Samuel A. Wells Esq r . 
George Bond 



1503 
1285 
1665 
1078 
1090 
1081 
1049 
1090 
1654 
1074 
1074 
1223 
1585 
1072 
1054 
1089 
1623 
1638 
1644 
1058 
1073 
1208 
969 



Hon. William Gray - 
Hon. Charles Jackson 
" John Davis - - 
" William Prescott 
James Prince Esq r . - 
Hon. John Phillips - 
" Peter C. Brooks - 
" Israel Thorndike 
Rev. Thomas Baldwin 
Hon. William Sullivan 
George Blake Esq r . - 
John T. Apthorp Esq r . 
Daniel Messiuger Esq r 
Joseph Coolidge Esq. 
Lemuel Shaw Esq r . - 
Doct r . John C Warren 
Samuel Hubbard Esq r , 
Eliphalet Williams Esq r 
William Sturgis Esq r . 
Heman Lincoln - - 
NathanHale Esq r . 
Lynde Walter - - - 



1682 
1091 
1083 
1096 
1087 
1689 
1095 
1050 
1652 
1535 
1658 
1066 
1630 
1058 
1084 
1078 
1077 
1640 
1055 
1613 
1039 
1573 



Votes given for the following persons, who did not obtain a 
Majority viz 4 . William Phillips 191* 



Isaac Parker 
Hon. Henry Dearborn - - 608 
[272] Amos BinneyEsq 1 . 599 
Benjamin Whitman Esq r . 591 
Benjamin Rich Esq r . - - 608 
Daniel Baxter Esq 1 . - - 604 
Doct r . W m . Ingalls - - 597 
Hon. Jonathan Mason - 574 
William Foster Jun r . - - 579 
Joseph Hall Esq r . - - - 602 
Stephen Codman Esq r . - 576 
John P. Rice .... 579 

Giles Lodge 560 

Thomas B. Wait - - - 589 



- - - - 193* 

Rev d . William Jenks - - 595 

Samuel H. Walley Esq r . - 602 

William Little Esq r . - - 602 

S L Knapp Esq r - - - 593 

David Sears Esq r . - - - 597 

John Bellows - - - - 567 

Rev. Daniel Sharp - - - 594 

Col Thomas Badger - - 600 

Col Thad 8 Page .... 584 

George Hallet .... 603 

Joseph Jenkins - - - - 577 

Rev. Hosea Ballou - - - 579 

Davis C. Ballard - - - 593 



162 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Thomas K. Thomas 

Samuel Billings - - - 

John Lowell - - - - 
Horace Bean ... 

John Brazer - - - - 
Josiah Rainsford 
Tho 8 . Wigglesworth 

Francis J. Oliver - - 

John Gallison - - - 

Nathan Webb - - - 

Rev J G Palfrey - - 

William Donnison - - 

Jon a . Amory - - - 

Thomas Jackson - - 

John Bryant - - - - 

William B. Bradford - 

Henry Orne - - - - 

Thomas L. Winthrop - 
Martin Brimmer 

William R. Gray - - 

Isaac Winslow - - - 
Aaron Dexter - 

Samuel Brown - - - 

Rich d . D. Tucker - - 
D r . James Jackson 

Benjamin West - - - 

Josiah C. Rainsford - 

Simon Wilkinson - - 

Rev Asa Eaton - - - 

George Sullivan - - 
[273] Turner Phillips 

Reuben Carver - - - 

J. Frothingham - 

James Ridgway - - - 

J. C. Jones - - - - 
Jesse Putnam ... 

W m Channing - - - 

J. C. Merrill - - - 

W m D. Sohier - - - 

Thomas Kendall - - 

William Minot - - - 

Jos Salisbury - - - 
Edward Tuckerman 

S. D. Parker - - - 

George G. Channing - 

Samuel Hastings - - 

Isaac Stevens - - - 
S. A. Shed .... 

Joseph May - - - - 

John Baker - - - - 



- 566 

- 19 

- 9 
7 

- 6 
5 
5 

- 5 

- 4 
4 

- 4 

- 4 

- 3 

- 3 

- 3 
3 

- 3 

- 3 

- 3 

- 3 

- 16 

- 8 
7 

- 6 
5 

- 5 
5 

- 4 

- 4 

- 4 

- 2 
2 

- 2 
2 
2 
2 

- 2 

- 2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
1 
1 
2 

- 2 
1 

- 1 



Right Rev John Cheverus 410 

- 3 

- 3 
3 

- 3 
3 

- 4 

- 3 

- 3 

- 2 

- 10 



H. G. Otis 

Peter O. Thacher - - 
Tho 8 . K. Jones - - - 
Elbridge Gerry - - - 
Sam 1 . Snelling - 
David Townsend - - 
Edward Jones - - - 
Augustus Peabody - - 
David Henshaw - - 
Charles Hood ... 
Rev d . John Pierpont - 
Rev Charles Lowell 
AVilliam Gray - - - 
Sereno E. D wight - - 
Aaron Hill - ... 
Arnold Welles - - - 
Eben r . Francis - _ - 
Israel Munson - - - 
Asa Whitney - - - 
Rev W m E. Channing - 
Joseph Austin - - - 
Daniel Carney - - - 
Leach Han-is ... 
James Perkins - - - 
Francis Bassett - - - 
Benj a . Rand - - - - 

D. W. Child - --- 
John Richards - - - 

Benj a . Huntington - - 
William Thurston - - 
Sam 1 . Soley - - - - 
Sam 1 . McClary ... 
Thomas Eaton - - - 
Henry Bass - - - - 
Horace Gray - - - 
Tho 8 . Parsons ... 
Elijah Williams - - - 
J. P. Boyd - 
Rev Francis Parkman - 

E. Gushing .... 
Tho 8 . Savage - - - 
S. K. Williams - - - 
William Jackson - - 
Jon a . Symonds - - - 
David Hale - - - - 
James S. Lovel - - - 
Ab m H. Quincy - - - 
Jacob Sternes - - - 



5 & 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1820. 



163 



William Gale .... 1 

Isaac Harris ----- 1 

Francis C. Gray - - - 1 

Patrick Jackson ... 1 

Thomas Dennie - - - - 1 

Ab Babcock 1 

Tho 8 Howe ----- 1 

A W Fuller 1 

Nath Goddard - - - - 1 

Theop 8 . Parsons - - - 1 

Zeb Cook J r . - - - - 1 

Henry Hall 1 

Joseph Adams - - - - 1 

Patrick T Jackson - - - 2 

Fitch Tufts 2 

Edmund Wright - - - 2 

Darius Boardman - - - 2 

Gerry Fairbanks - 2 

Caleb Loring - - - - 2 

Benj a . Wells 2 

Daniel Adams - - - - 3 

J. S. J. Gardner - - - 2 

H. H. Fuller - - - - 2 

J. D. Harris 2 

E. Ticknor 2 

Phineas Upham - - - - 2 

Win 8 . Lewis 2 

Robert Fennelly ... 1 

Is Cook 1 

Josiah Knapp - - - - 1 

[274] Samuel Dorr - - 1 

G. W. Otis 1 

Thomas Vose - - 1 

Nath 1 . Curtis - - - - 1 

Sam 1 . Hichborn - - - - 1 

W. J. Spooner - - - - 1 

J. G. Coffin 1 

H. K. May ----- 1 

Nath 1 . Willis - - - - 1 

Nehe h Parsons - - - - 1 

William Foster - - - - 1 

William Brown ----- 1 

Joseph Bradlee - - - - 1 

Matthew Lodge - - 4 

The . Lyman Jun r . - - 1 

Benj a . Joy 1 

George Brinley - - - - 1 

Joseph Eaton - - - - 1 

Fra Barrett 1 

Sam 1 . Parkman - - - - 1 



Roland Hartshorn 
Daniel Sargent - 
Josiah Marshall 
William Cochran 
J. K. Simpson - 
Jacob Hall - - 
Thomas Motley - 
H. J. Oliver 
B. P. Tilden 
Thomas Davis . 
D. E. Powers - 
Zeal Shidmore - 
Joseph Balch 
Alden Bradford - 
Henry Purkitt - 
Jon a . Chapman - 
Elijah Morse 
Sam 1 H. Howe - 
John Belknap - 
Elijah Loring 
Amos Fitch - - 
George Burroughs 
Samuel Adams - " 
S. P. Gardner - 
T. Barnard - - 
Dan 1 . Tuttle - - 
Willard Phillips 
Thad 8 . Clap - - 
J. F. Boardman 

Barz a Homes 
Lemuel Packard 
George Cabot - 
Timothy Bigelow 
John D. Williams 
John Hurd - - 
Samuel Danforth 
Joseph Head 
Jon a . Whitney - 
Jon a . Loring 
Jacob Bigelow - 
Joseph Balch 
James Robinson 
Tho : Minns - 
Gardner Green - 
Jer h Evarts - - 
James Lloyd 
John Pratt - - 
Henry Lee - - 
James Andrews - 



164 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Benj a Smith 1 Thomas Bradlee ... 1 

John Randall .... 1 William Shimmin ... 1 
John Callender ---- 1 Tho 8 Ward 1 

N. B. The whole number of Tickets given in 

was 1708 



necessary to make a choice 855 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 

Attest, Tho : Clark, Town Clerk. 



[275.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston qualified to vote for Representatives 
to the General Court of the Commonwealth held at Faneuil Hall 
on Monday the 23 rd . day of October A.D. 1820. 10 Clock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev : M r . Ware 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting, Read 

A Precept from the Governor and Council directing the Select- 
men to call the Meeting, for Choice of a Member of Congress, in 
place of Hon Jonathan Mason, resigned, was also read. 

Voted, That the Poll be closed at 2 Clock. 

The Chairman of the Selectmen requested the Inhabitants to 
prepare and bring in their Votes for a Representative for the 
Suffolk District in the Congress of the United States. 

Persons voted for a Representative, for the Suffolk District, in 
the present Congress of the United States Viz. 

Hon : Benjamin Gorham ---. 1618 

Samuel A. Wells Esq r . 842 

Henry Orne Esq r . 652 

Daniel Webster 2 Peter C. Brooks 1 - - - - 3 

Daniel Brown 1 Samuel Billings 1 - - - - 2 

William Blaney 1 Eben r . Clough 1 - - - - 2 

David Ellis 1 William Sturgis 1 .... 2 

Benjamin Gorham for Senator 2 



Whole number 3123 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1820. 165 

[276.] A return of the doings of this Meeting was made 
out, conformably to the printed direction of the General Court ; 
sealed up in Open Town Meeting, and directed to the Secretary 
of the Commonwealth. 

Declaration of the State of the Votes, being made ; 
The Meeting was Dissolved. 

Attest Tho : Clark, Town Clerk. 



[277.] At a Legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston, qualified to Vote for Representatives to the General 
Court, held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 6 th day of November 
A. D. 1820. 

10 Clock, A. M. 

Prayer by Rev. M r . Frothingham 
Warrant for Calling the Meeting, read. 

Resolve of the General Court, regulating the Choice of Electors 
of President & Vice President of the United States, read. Also 
a Precept from the Governor and Council, directing the Select- 
men to call a Meeting for choice of a Member of Congress in 
place of M r . Mason resigned, there having been no choice at the 
Meeting held on the 23 rd Ultimo. And the Law regulating the 
Choice of Representatives to Congress, being read. 

The Chairman of the Selectmen requested the Inhabitants to 
prepare and bring in their Votes, for one person as an Elector of 
President & Vice President of the United States, for the District 
of Suffolk, Also for Two persons, as Electors at large, Also for 
one person as a Member of the Sixteenth Congress and for one 
person as a Member of the Seventeenth Congress of the United 
States. 

Voted, That the Poll be closed at Two "Clock 

Persons, Voted for as an Elector for the District of Suffolk, 
with the number of Votes for each person, viz 1 . 

Hon: Daniel Webster 3404 

Samuel Brown 1 Henry Orne 1 2 

David Ellis 1 Winslow Lewis 2 3 

Thomas H. Perkins ------------- 1 

Hon : Henry Dearborn 209 



166 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

[278.] Persons, Voted, for as Electors at large viz* 

Hon : William Phillips 3431) 

" William Gray 3455 

" Henry Dearborn _.. 1 

" Benjamin W. Crowninshield 173 

" Levi Lincoln 175 

Doddridge Spear 1 S. A. Wells 1 - - - - 2 

Winslow Lewis 3 John Adams 1 - - - - 4 

William Sullivan 1 Peter C. Brooks 1 .... 2 
George Cabot 1 Joseph Storey 1 .... 2 

Persons Voted for as Member of the Sixteenth Congress, viz 1 . 

Hon Benj a . Gorham _ 2187 

Samuel A. Wells 1363 

Samuel Hubbard 1 Jesse Putnam 50 - - - - 51 
D. Webster 2 Louis Lincoln 1 - - - - 3 

W m . Ingalls 1 W m . Sturgis 3 - - - - 4 

Henry Orne 1 W m . Little 2 - - - - 3 

Fitch Tufts 2 Dan 1 . Adams I .... i 3 

John Brazer 2 John Fitch 1 - - - - 3 

Samuel Brown 2 John Welles 1 - - - - 3 

Levi Dame one not designated 

Persons, Voted for as a Member of the Seventeenth Congress 
viz*. 

Hon Benjamin Gorham 2187 

Samuel A. Wells 1363 

Jesse Putnam 49 

Daniel Webster 2 

Samuel Hubbard 1 Lewis Lincoln 1 

William Ingalls 1 William Sturgis 3 

[79] Henry Orne 1 William Little 2 

Fitch Tufts 2 Daniel Adams 1 

John Brazer 2 Amos Fitch 1 

Charles Hood 1 Samuel Brown 2 

Winslow Lewis 1 

Declaration of the state of the Votes, was made and three sev- 
eral returns, were signed, sealed up in Open Town Meeting, and 
directed to the Secretary of the Commonwealth. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 

Attest, Tho : Clark, Town Clerk. 



1821. 

[28O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, qualified to vote in Town Affairs, Assem- 
bled in Faneuil Hall on Monday the 15 th . day of January A.D. 
1821. 10 Clock. A.M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 167 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting. Read. 
Francis J . Oliver Esq r . was Chosen Moderator. 

The Petition of Thomas K. Jones and Others. "That the 
Town would permit them (at their own expense) to close a draw 
under Merchants Hall, and to raise & pave Water Street in such 
a manner as the waste water may be conveyed into the common 
sewer in Kilby Street " was taken up and after some debate 
committed to Mess r8 . Robert Williams, John Dorr, Joseph W. 
Revere, Michael Roulstone, Josiah Marshall, Benjamin Whitman 
and Samuel H. Wailey to consider the subject and report at a 
future Meeting 

The Petition of William Payne and Others was read and the 
following Bye Law passed, Viz*. 

Bye Law. 

It is hereby Ordered, That every Owner of unoccupied Land, 
Tenant, or Occupant of Real Estate situated on any Street, Lane 
or Alley within the Town of Boston, where there is a foot way 
or side Walk, shall within twenty four hours after the falling of 
Snow, cause the same to be removed from the said Foot Way or 
Side Walk, under the penalty of Four Dollars, and the further 
sum of Two Dollars for every twenty four hours [281] the 
same may remain after the first forfeiture, to be sued for and 
collected from either the owner of unoccupied Land, tenant or 
Occupant of said Real Estate. Provided that no prosecution 
shall be made under this Law, but by one of the Selectmen, or 
some person Authorized by one of them. And provided also 
that all fines or forfeitures recovered under this Law shall be 
paid to the Treasurer of the Town of Boston for the Use of said 
Town. 

Voted, That the Town Clerk be directed to Lay an attested copy 
of the foregoing Bye Law, before the Justices of the Hon Court 
of Sessions for their Approbation and Confirmation. 

Proceedings of the School Committee, respecting an English 
Classical School. 

In School Committee June 17 th . 1820. 

Voted, That such of the Resolutions offered by S. A. Wells as 
relate to the establishment of an English Classical School in the 
Town of Boston, be referred to a Sub Committee of five, 'and the 
following Gentlemen were Chosen. M r . Samuel A. Wells, 
Rev : John Pierpont, Rev : Nath 1 . L. Frothingham, Lemuel 
Shaw and Benjamin Russell Esq rB . 

At a Meeting of the School Committee on the 26 th October, the 
above Committee made a report which was Read ; it was then 



168 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Voted, That it is expedient to establish an English Classical 
School, upon the Plan stated in the Report in the Town of Bos- 
ton, and that the further consideration thereof be referred to an 
adjourned Meeting, and that it be printed for the Use of the 
members of the Committee. 

[282.] At a Meeting of the School Committee on the 9 th 
November, 1820. the Report of the Sub-Committee on the Eng- 
lish Classical School, having been printed for the Use of the 
Board, was read and considered by paragraphs, Amended, and 
Unanimously Accepted as follows 

The Sub-Committee to whom was referred the resolutions 
offered to the School Committee at a Meeting on the 17 th June 
proposing to establish an English Classical School in the Town 
of Boston, having taken the subject of those resolutions into 
consideration, and devoted to it that attention which its import- 
ance demanded, Respectfully ask leave to Report. 

Though the present system of education, and the munificence 
with which it is supported are highly beneficial and honorable to 
the Town, Yet in the Opinion of the Committee it is susceptible 
of a greater degree of perfection and usefulness without Materially 
Augmenting the Weight of the public burdens. Till recently 
our system Occupied a middle Station : it neither commenced with 
the rudiments of education, nor extended to the higher branches 
of knowledge. This system was supported by the town at a very 
great expense, and to be admitted to its advantages, certain 
preliminary qualifications were required at individual cost which 
had the effect of excluding many children of the poor and un- 
fortunate classes of the community from the benefits of a public 
education. The Town saw & felt this inconsistency in the plan 
and have removed the defect, by providing Schools, in which the 
children of the poor can be fitted for admission into the public 
seminaries. 

[283.] The present system, in the Opinion of the Committee 
requires, still further amendment. the studies that are pursued 
at the English Grammar Schools, are merely elementary, and 
more time than is necessary is devoted to their acquisition. A 
Scholar is admitted at seven, and is dismissed at fourteen Years 
of Age ; thus seven years are expended in the acquisition of a 
degree of knowledge, which with ordinary diligence and common 
capacity, may be easily & perfectly acquired in five. If, then, a 
Boy remain the usual term, a large portion of the time will have 
been idly, or uselessly expended, as he may have learned all that 
he has been taught long before its expiration. This loss of time 
Occurs at that interesting and critical period of life, when the 
habits and inclinations are forming by which the future character 
will be fixed & determined. 

This evil therefore should be removed, by enlarging the present 
system, not merely that the time now lost may be saved, but that 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 169 

those early habits of industry and application may be acquired, 
which are so essential in leading to a future life of Virtue and use- 
fullness. 

Nor are these the only existing evils. The mode of education 
now adopted and the branches of knowledge that are taught at our 
English Grammar Schools, are not sufficiently extensive, nor 
otherwise calculated to bring the powers of the mind into opera- 
tion, nor to qualify a youth to fill usefully and respectably 
many of those Stations, both public and private in which he may 
be placed. A parent who wishes to give a Child an education 
that shall fit him for Active life, and shall serve as a foundation 
for [284] eminence in his profession, whether Mercantile or 
Mechanical, is under the necessity of giving him a different edu- 
cation from any which our public Schools can now furnish. 
Hence many children are separated from their parents, an'd sent 
to private academies in this vicinity, to acquire that instruction 
which cannot be obtained at the public seminaries. Thus many 
parents who contribute largely to the Support of these institu- 
tions, are subjected to heavy expense, for the same object in 
other Towns. 

The Committee for these and many other weighty considerations 
that might be offered ; and in Order to render the present system 
of public education more nearly perfect, are of Opinion that an 
additional school is required. They, therefore, recommend the 
founding of a seminary to be called the English classical School, 
and submit the following as a general outline of a plan for its 
organization and of the course of studies to be pursued. 

I 8t . That the term of time for pursuing the course of studies 
proposed be three Years. 

2 n<Uy . That the School be divided into three Classes, and one 
Year be assigned to the studies of each Class. 

S^ y . That the age of admission be not less than twelve Years. 

4 tmy . That, the School be for Boys exclusively. 

5 thly . That Candidates for admission be proposed on a given 
day annually, but scholars with suitable qualifications 
may be admitted at any intermediate time to an advanced 
standing. 

6 thly . That Candidates for admission shall be subject to a strict 
examination, in such manner as the School Committee 
may direct, to Ascertain their qualifications [285] 
according to these Rules. 

7 tmy . That it be required of every candidate to qualify him for 
admission, that he be well acquainted with reading, 
writing, English Grammar in all its branches, & Arith- 
metic as far as simple proportion. 

That it be required of the Masters & Ushers, as a necessary 
qualification, that they shall have been regularly educated 
at some University. 



170 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

The Studies of the first Class to be as follows. 

Composition ; 

Reading from the most approved Authors; Exercises in 
criticism, comprising critical analyses of the language, 
grammar and stile of the best English Authors, their 
errors and beauties ; Declamation ; 

Geography ; Arithmetic, continued ; Algebra. 

The Studies of the Second Class. 

Composition ; Reading ; | ~ 

Exercises in Criticism Declamation ; Algebra : } 
Ancient & Modern history & chronology ; Logic ; Geometry ; 

Plane Trigonometry, and its application to mensuration of 
heights and distances ; 

Navigation ; Surveying ; 

Mensuration of Superficies and Solids ; 

Forensic discussions. 

The Studies of the third Class. 

Composition ; Exercises in Criticism ; Decla- ) 

mation ; Mathematics ; Logic ; History, > Continued 
particularly that of the United States. ) 
[286] Natural Philosophy, including Astronomy ; Moral & 

Political Philosophy. 

To conduct a seminary of this description, the Committee are 
of Opinion, that one principal Master, one submaster and two 
Ushers, will be required ; 

The Principal at a Salary of $1500 P r . A nn 

Sub Master 1200 "- 

Two Ushers, one at $700. one 

at $600 1300 " 



This sum in the opinion of the Committee, with other annual 
expenses of Schools, will be adequate to the support of such an 
institution. No additional building will be required; as those 
which are now built, and authorized by the Town to be built will 
be sufficient. 

The Committee therefore recommend, that an annual Appro- 
priation of this sum, be obtained from the Town, and that a fur- 
ther sum be raised either by private subscription, or from public 
Munificence, to furnish the School, with the necessary instru- 
ments and philosophical Apparatus. The Committee are fur- 
ther of Opinion, that the expense which would be incurred, by the 
establishment, of such an institution, would be fully justified by 
its great and manifold advantages No money can be better 
expended, than that which is appropriated to the support of pub- 
lic Schools. If anything will preserve tranquility and order in 
a community, perpetuate the blessing of society and free govern- 
ment and promote the happiness and prosperity of a people, it 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 171 

must be the general diffusion of knowledge. These Salutary 
effects the Committee conceive would flow from the institution of 
this seminary. Its establishment, they think would raise the 
literary and scientific character of the Town, would incite our 
Youth to [287] a laudable ambition of distinguishing them- 
selves in the pursuit and acquisition of knowledge, and would 
give strength and stability to the civil and religious institutions 
of our Country. 

All of which is respectfully submitted by Order of the Commit- 
tee. S. A. Wells, Chairman 
Boston Oct r 26. 1820. 

Voted that this Report with the proceedings thereon be printed 
and distributed among the citizens of the Town, and that the 
Plan of the School therein stated be recommended by this Com- 
mittee to the people for acceptance. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be requested to carry this vote into 
effect, and to call a public Meeting of the inhabitants of the 
town to consider and act thereon at such time as they shall deem 
expedient. 

By Order of the School Committee 

Eliphalet Williams Chairman 

The foregoing plan for the establishment of an English Class/ - 
cal School was read and after debate, was nearly unanimous^ 
Accepted by the Town, but three persons voting in the negative, 
and the School Committee were Authorized to carry the same 
into effect. 

And it was further, Voted, That the School Committee from 
Year to Year, be & hereby are instructed to revise the course of 
Studies proposed in the report this day made and Accepted for 
the New School, and adopt such measures as experience shall dic- 
tate and the object of its establishment require. 

The Petition of Benjamin Humphries and Others relating to 
the Town Dock was read, & Committed to the Selectmen, and 
one Gentleman from each Ward. The [288] following nomina- 
tion was made from the Chair and accepted by the Town, viz*. 

Ward N 1. George Darracott Ward N 2. D r . R e d f o r d 
" "3. Enoch Silsby Webster 

" " 5. Henry Farnham " " 4. Nathaniel Alley 

" " 7. Daniel Davis Esq r . " " 6. George W. Otis 

" "9. Samuel May " "8. Francis Welch 

" "11. Jon a . Hunnewell " "10. Benj a . Whitman 
Esq r . Esq r . 

" "12. John D. Williams 

The Petition of Ephraim Hall and Others, to Ascertain what 
measures the Town will adopt to defray the expense of laying a 



172 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

large and expensive Common Sewer in and contiguous to Atkin- 
son Street was read & referred to the Selectmen and Board of 
Health. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to Francis J. 
Oliver Esq r . for his faithful Services as Moderator of this Meet- 
ing. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 

Attest Tho : Clark, Town Clerk. 



[289.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, qualified to Vote in Town affairs, 
Assembled in Faneuil Hall on Monday the 22 nd day of January 
1821. 10 Clock A.M. 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting, read. 
Benjamin Russell Esq r . was chosen, Moderator. 

The proposition of a number of the Inhabitants, that an appli- 
cation may be made by the Town, to the Legislature for an altera- 
tion in the Law, authorizing the taking the Valuation of Real & 
personal estates for taxation from the first day of May to the 
first day of February Annually, was Read & after some debate, 
It was Voted, That a Committee be appointed to apply to the 
Legislature at the present Session to authorize the Assessors of 
the Town of Boston to take the Valuation on the first Wednesday 
of February annually, instead of the first day of May. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be a Committee to petition the Leg- 
islature agreeably to the foregoing Vote. 

The Committee to whom was referred the petition of Ephraim 
Hall & Others, was requested to report at the next Meeting. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be given to the Moder- 
ator for his Services at this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Diasolved. 

Attest, Tho : Clark, Town Clerk. 



[29O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders& other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, holden at Fanueil Hall on Monday the 
12 th . day of March A.D. 1821 at 10 o'clock A.M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 173 

Prayer by Rev. M r . Lowell. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 
Law respecting the election of Town Officers read. 
Hon. John Phillips Esq r ., was chosen Moderator. 

Thomas Clark, was chosen Town Clerk, for the year ensu- 
ing. The Oath of Office was administered to him by the Moder- 
ator. 

Voted, That when this Meeting is adjourned, it shall be to 
tomorrow at 10 o'clock A.M. and that time be assigned to 
come to choose on the part of the Town of a Register of Deeds 
for the County of Suffolk. 

The Moderator directed the Inhabitants to prepare and bring 
in their votes for Nine Selectmen. 

Voted, That the Polls shall be closed at 12 o'clock. 

At the close of the Poll it appeared the whole number of votes 

given in for Selectmen, was, 2443 

necessary to make a choice 1222 

The following Gentlemen had the number of Votes set against 
their respective names & were declared to be chosen. 

viz Eliphalet Williams Esq. - - 2420 

Daniel Baxter 2235 

Jon a . Loring 1815 

Abram Babcock 2289 

David W. Child 2410 

[291] Samuel Billings Esq. 2386 

Jeremiah Fiteh 2289 

Robert Fennelly 2388 

Samuel A. Wells 2125 

G. W. Otis had 436 George Hallet 224 

E. Ticknor " 156 Adam Bent 94 
N. P. Russell 30 and some scattering votes. 

Hon. William Phillips Redford Webster 

Thomas Perkins Samuel Snelling 

William Mackay Joseph Coolidge 

Jon a . Phillips Samuel May 

Henry Bass Edward Phillips 

Joseph Austin and Gedney King 

were chosen Overseers of the Poor & of the Workhouse for the 

year ensuing. 



174 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Voted. That the thanks of the Town be presented to Jacob 
Hall & Edward Tuckerman Esq 18 . for their faithful services as 
Overseers of the Poor for several years past. 

Thomas Melville Stephen Codman 

Daniel Messenger Benjamin Smith 

James Phillips Samuel M. Thayer 

Joseph Lovering John D. Williams 

Jon a . Loring John Mackay 

Lemuel Shaw Benj a . Russell 

Thomas Jackson Winslow Lewis 

Amos Binney Enoch Silsby 

Isaac Harris George W. Otis 

Joseph Jones William Howe 

Jon a . Whitney Jeremiah Fitch 

[292] Samuel A. Wells William Burrows 

Samuel Hichborn Jr. Jonathan Thaxter 

George Darracott William Sturgis 

James Davis and George Trott Esq. 

were chosen Fire Wards for the year ensuing. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be presented to Joshua 
Davis, Nathaniel Curtis & Bryant P. Tilden. Esq 1 " 8 . for their 
faithful services as Fire Wards for many years past. 

Mess re . Benjamin White John Howe Jr 

William Clouston Richard Thayer 

Nathaniel Bradlee Edward J. Robbins 

Noah Doggett Henry Blake 

Thomas Christy Moses Ayres Jr. 

William Green Oliver Mills 

Eleazer Homer Charles Tuttle 

Joseph Stodder Samuel Ellison 

Allan Bowker William Mills and 

Nathaniel Glover Rolun [Rowland] Hartshorn 
were chosen Surveyors of Boards and other Lumber. 

[293.] Mess ra . Benj a . White Nath 1 . Bradlee 

John Howe Jr. Rolun [Rowland] Hartshorn 
Roman us Emer- 
son & Abel Hewins, 

were chosen Fence Viewers for the year ensuing. 

Mess". Henry Purkitt Benj a . Clark 

Benj a . Owen James Brown and 

Nathaniel Howe Charles Pook, 

were chosen Cullers of Hoops & Staves. 

Mess 1 ' 8 . Benjamin Clark Nathaniel Howe 

Charles Pook Benjamin Owen 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 175 

James Brown Jn. F. Bannister 

William Spear Jacob Barstow and 

Ebenezer Perry. 
were chosen Cullers of Dry Fish. 

Mess". Joseph Cabot John Kimball 

William Andrews Royal Oliver 

were chosen Hogreeves, Haywards and Field Drivers for the year 
ensuing. 

Mess re . Michael Homer 

Francis James and 
Samuel Sprague, 
were chosen Inspectors of Lime. 

Samuel Emmons and James Phillips Esq ra . were chosen Sur- 
veyors of Hemp. 

Thomas Howe and John Tuckerman Esq. were chosen Sur- 
veyors of Wheat. 

[294.] John Wells and Nathaniel Alley Esq 18 . were chosen 
Assay Masters. 

The Selectmen were chosen Surveyors of High Way. 

Voted, That Stephen Codman, Francis J. Oliver and Robert G. 
Shaw Esq rs . be, & hereby are appointed, a Committee to Audit 
the Accounts of the Town Treasurer; and said Committee are 
directed to report the sum necessary to be raised for the services 
of the present year. 

Voted, That the consideration of all Money matters, be referred 
to the May meeting. 

Adjourned to tomorrow morning at 10 o'clock. 
Met according to adjournment. 

The Moderator directed the Inhabitants to prepare and bring 
in their votes for a Register of Deeds for the County of Suffolk. 

Voted That the Poll be closed at half past 11 o'clock. 

The Selectmen were appointed a Committee to receive, sort 
and count the Votes. 

The Chairman reported that the Selectmen had received, 
sorted & counted the votes for a Register of Deeds and that they 
were for 



176 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Henry Alline - - 

Samuel lark - - 

Henry N. Rogers - 

Thomas Jackson - - 

John Mackay - - 

[295] Charles Hammatt - 94 

Gershom Cobb - - 71 

Thomas Lewis - - 54 

Ol. W. Champney - 44 

John Marston - - 32 

Henry Robinson - - 20 

John Winslow - - 17 

Lemuel P. Grosvener 15 

I Ingalls .... 2 

Eben r . Andrews - - 1 

D. Callender - - - 1 

T Page 1 

O. W. Champney - 1 

J. T. Buckingham - 1 



- - 1605 

- - 175 

- - 174 

- - 120 

- - 120 

Henry Codman - - 88 

David Higgins - - 70 

James Foster - - - 52 

Dudley Walker - - 36 

Benj a . Whitwell - - 27 

Edmund Munroe - - 17 

Leader Dam - - - 15 

William Foster Jr. - 6 

O. Champney - - - 1 

N. Clark .... 1 

B. Parsons- - - - 1 

J. Brigham ... 1 

J. H. Smith ... 1 



Voted, That in addition to the Selectmen, twelve persons shall 
now be chosen a School Committee, & the votes being collected, 
it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen viz 
Doct. Thomas Welsh Henry J. Oliver Esq. 

Rev. Charles Lowell Lemuel Shaw 

Francis J. Oliver Esq r . Rev. John Pierpont 
William Wells " Daniel Sharp 

Benj a . Russell Doct. Jn. G. Coffin 

Rev. Nath 1 . L. Frothingham Rev. Paul Dean 



Voted, That the above named Gentlemen who [296] con- 
junctly with the Selectmen are termed the School Committee, be, 
and hereby are directed, to carry the System of Education 
adopted by the Town into operation ; and that said Committee 
be also authorised & empowered conjunctly to manage and regu- 
late the Government of the Schools ; and to execute all the 
powers relative to the Schools and Schoolmasters which the 
Selectmen or such Committees are authorised by the Laws of this 
Commonwealth or by the votes of the Town to exercise. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town be presented to Aaron 
Dexter Esq'. for his able, impartial & faithful services, as a 
member of the School Committee for thirty two years past. 

The Petition of Abraham Gould and others ' ' That the Town 
would appoint a Committee to superintend the Municipal con- 
cerns of South Boston ' ' was read also a remonstrance against 
the said Petition, after some debate it was Voted, That the Peti- 
tioners have leave to withdraw their Petition. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 177 

The Petitions of Joseph May and others & of Thomas Howe 
and others, on the subject of erecting a Work House were read 
Whereupon it was Voted, That the subject be referred to a Com- 
mittee of thirteen, to be nominated from the chair: the said 
[Committee] to consider the subject at large and report ; and that 
the report be printed and distributed among the Inhabitants, and 
the Selectmen are requested to call a Meeting to act on said 
report. 

The following Gentlemen were nominated and [297] appointed 
on the Committee viz. 

Hon. Josiah Quincy William Thurston 

Joseph Lovering Abram Babcock 

James Savage Samuel A. Wells 

Henry J. Oliver James T. Austin 

Francis Welsh Benj a . Eich and 

Joseph May Joseph Woodward Esq rs 
Thomas Howe 

The Subscribers, a Committee, to whom was referred, by the 
Town of Boston, the Petition of Thomas K. Jones Esq r . & others 
respecting a Drain, under the building called Merchants Hall, 
situated on Water Street, in said Boston have attended to the 
duty assigned them and ask leave to report. 

That they have viewed the 

said Drain, have examined the title, which the Town of Boston has, 
to an interest in said Drain, & have heard the parties interested 
in said subject, & are of opinion, and do report, that the said 
Drain can be made tight, and so secured, as to prevent any mate- 
rial injury to persons doing business in said Merchants Hall, at 
no very great expence, and that the owners of said Merchants 
Hall, are under obligation to the Town of Boston and that it is 
their duty to keep said Drain in repair, so as to prevent any nui- 
sance to the Inhabitants therefrom. This [298] Committee 
are further satisfied, that the inconvenience in the Cellar under 
said Merchants Hall for several years past in the hot seasons, 
has existed from said Drain not being sufficiently tight and secured, 
and from the waste water from the streets flowing into said cellar ; 
and this Committee cannot learn, that the owners of said Mer- 
chants Hall, have, for several years last passed attempted, effect- 
ually to remedy said evil probably from a belief that it would 
be impracticable to remedy the evil, but by removing the said 
drain from under y e said building This Committee however are 
of opinion, that if the owners of said Merchants Hall shall put 
the said drain in complete repair : raise the side walk adjoining 
their said building, so as to prevent the water running on the 
streets adjacent to the said building from entering the cellar of 
the same, and fill up a part of said cellar, adjoining said drain, 
in that case all nuisance from said drain would be prevented, and 



178 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

the cellar under said Merchants Hall, be rendered inoffensive to 
the citizens This Committee therefore recommend, that it is 
inexpedient, at present, for the Town of Boston, to take any further 
order on this subject, untill after the owners of said Merchants 
Hall, have attempted to remedy the aforesaid evil, in the manner 
suggested, as aforesaid, by this Committee all of which is 
respectfully submitted by said Committee 

Robert Williams John Dorr 

Benj a . Whitman Josiah Marshall 

Joseph W. Revere M. Roulstone 

Boston Feby 24 th . A.D. 1821. S. H. Walley 

[299.] The foregoing Report was read and accepted. 
The Committee to whom was referred the Petition of Joseph 
Stone and others, to see if the Town would render them any 
assistance in building a new Gunhouse at the north part of the 
Town ; have attended that service and respectfully ask leave to 
Report. 

That the land on which the Gun House now stands be appro- 
priated, for the building of Tombs under the permission of the 
Board of Health and that the nett proceeds, which may be 
realized from said appropriation, be applied towards erecting a 
new Gun House, for the use of said company, on any land 
belonging to the Town, which the Selectmen may appropriate for 
that purpose, should the said Company wish for the same. 

By order of the Committee 

Eliphalet Williams Chair n . 
Boston March 10 th 1821. 

The above Report was read and accepted. 

Voted, Unanimously, that the thanks of the Town be presented 
to the Hon. John Phillips, for his able & impartial services as 
Moderator of this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 
Attest Thomas Clark, Town Clerk. 



[3OO.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston, held at Faneuil Hall on Monday the second day of 
April A.D. 1821. at 9 o'clock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev d . M r . Wisner. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

The Constitution respecting the election of Governor, Lieuten- 
ant Governor, Counsellors & Senators was read. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 179 

The Chairman of the Selectmen requested the Inhabitants to 
prepare and bring in their votes for Governor & Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor of the Commonwealth and Six Senators for the District of 
Suffolk. 

Voted, That the Poll shall be closed at 2. o'clock P.M. 
Persons voted for as Governor, with the number of votes for 
each person viz 

His Excellency John Brooks ------- 3088 

Hon. William Eustis 1303 

John Phillips 1 

Joseph B. Varnum 1 

Joseph Woodward ----- 1 

Daniel Webster 1 

Eben r . Clough 1 

Francis Waldo ------ 1 

Napo n . Buonaparte ----- 1 

Rev. Hosea Ballou 1 



4399 

Persons voted for as Lieutenant Governor with the number of 
votes for each person viz 

His Honor William Phillips 3064 

Hon. Levi Lincoln - 1319 

[3O1] William Eustis - 2 Edw. H. Robbins - - - 1 
Josiah Quincy - - - - 1 William Gray - - - - 1 
Elisha Ticknor - - - l Elias Smith - - - - 1 
George Bond - - - - 1 George Read - - - - 1 
Sam 1 . Adams - - - - 1 Simon Gardner - - - 1 

Persons voted for as Counsellors and Senators for the District of 
Suffolk, with the number of votes for each Person viz. 

Hon. John Phillips 3074 

" John Welles 3059 

" Jon a . Hunnewell - 3011 

Joseph Tilden Esq r . - - - - - - - - - 3040 

Warren Dutton 2719 

Lemuel Shaw 2747 

Hon. William Gray 1578 

Henry Dearborn - -1309 

Col. Thomas Badger 1275 

Rev. Thomas Baldwin 1279 

James T. Austin Esq r . 1303 

Doct. William Ingalls 1484 

Samuel A. Wells - - - 12 J. Salisbury - - - - 4 
Sam 1 . Hubbard - - - 10 Isaac Winslow ... 3 
Josiah Quincy - - - - 6 T. L. Winthrop - - - 2 
D. Baxter ----- 4 David Sears - - - - 29 
W. Sullivan .... 3 Henry Orne ... - 7 
Hosea Ballou - - - - 3D. Webster - - - - 4 



180 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Benj*. Russell - ... 
John D. Dyer - - - - 
Eben r . Clough - - - - 
J. Evarts - 
J. Lloyd ----- 

C. M. Dommett - - - 
S. G. Perkins - ... 
S. L. Knapp - - - - 
N. Snow ----- 
G. Sullivan - - - - 
T. Brigham - - - - 
S. Billings - - - - - 

W. Little 

J. Mason - - - 

J. Loring - - - - - 
P. Richardson - - - - 
S. Waldo 

D. Willis 

[3O2] S. H. Walley - 

E. Vose 

J. H. Schaffer - - - 
D. Townsend - - - - 

F. Lane 

W. Phillips - - - - 
S. Goodnow - - _ - 
N. Gamage - - - - 
J. H. Smith - - - - 
R. Sturgis ----- 
J. Coolidge - - - - 
Tho 8 . Howe - - - - 

W. Tudor 

A. Hill 

J. Russell - - - - - 
R. Bacon Jr. - - - - 
J. Parker ----- 
J. S. Lovell - - - - 
N. Brooks - - - - - 
P. F. Jackson - - - - 

F. Baker 

T. Bartlett 

S. Wells 

W. Jackson - - - - 



30 T. H. Perkins - 

8 P. P. F. Degrand 

6 T. Lyman - - 

2 W. Parmenter - 

2 J. Brooks - - 

2 B. Whitmam - 

2 P. C. Brooks - 

1 T. Page - - - 

1 S. Gardner - - 

1 H. Lincoln - - 

2 S. Adams - - 
2 J. Putnam - - 
2 J. Howe - - 

2 W. Sturgis - - 
1 W. H. Sumner - 
1 E. Torry - - 
1 W. Ropes - - 
2 

1 W. D. Sohier - 

1 S. A. Shurtleff 

1 J. F. Freeman 

1 A. Dunlap - - 

1 W. Tileston - 

1 J. Eaton - - 

1 E. Williams - 

1 J. Harris - - 

1 F. Bassett - - 

1 M. M. Hunt - 

1 T. K. Jones - 

3 B. V. French - 
1 W. Pelby - - 
1 S. Soper - - 
1 W. P. Shelton - 
1 W. Eustis - - 
1 W. Lawrence - 
1 S. Walter - - 
1 G. Cabot - - 
1 T. Melville 

1 N. Curtis - - 

1 G. Bond - - 

1 J. Hall Jr. - - 

3 Edward Jones - 



Attested copies of return of Persons voted for as Governor 
Lieutenant Governor, Counsellors and Senators for the District of 
Suffolk were sealed up in open Town Meeting (after the vote had 
been declared) to be transmitted to the Secretary of the Common- 
wealth as prescribed by law, and directed as follows viz 

"To Alden Bradford Esq r . Secretary of the Commonwealth of 

Massachusetts. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 181 

Votes of the Town of Boston, for Governor and Lieutenant 
Governor sealed up in open Town Meeting." 

u To Alden Bradford Esq r . Secretary of the Commonwealth of 

Massachusetts. 

Votes of the Town of Boston, for Six Counsellors and Senators, 
for the District of Suffolk, sealed up in open Town Meeting." 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 

Attest Thomas Clark 

Town Clerk 



[303. ] At a legal Meeting of the Freeholders and other 
Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, qualified to vote for Senators 
or Representatives, holden at Faneuil Hall, on Monday the 9 th 
day of April A.D. 1821. being the second Monday in said 
month, pursuant to a Resolution of the Convention of Delegates, 
assembled at Boston, on the 15 th of November, A.D. 1820. for 
the purpose of revising the Constitution of the Commonwealth. 

Prayer by Rev d . M r . Palfrey. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

The Articles proposed as Amendments to the Constitution, 
were read by [the] Chairman of the Selectmen. 

Voted, That the Poll be closed at 2 o'clock. 

The Chairman directed the Inhabitants to prepare & bring in 
their votes on the Amendments to the Constitution, with the 
words Yes, or No, annexed to each article. 

At the close of the Poll it appeared that the Votes on the 
several Amendments submitted by the Convention, were as 
follows 

Yeas Nays 

Article First 1768 888 

Article Second 1515 1133 

Article Third 2553 99 

Article Fourth 2462 185 

Article Fifth 1642 1006 

Article Sixth 2526 118 

Article Seventh 1826 832 

Article Eighth 2410 238 

Article Ninth 1771 888 

Article Tenth 1419 1230 

Article Eleventh 2504 129 



182 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

[3O4] Article Twelfth 2442 Yeas 197 Nays 

Article Thirteenth 2558 " 85 " 

Article Fourteenth 2458 " 194 " 

Declaration of the Votes for and against each article was 
made and then the Meeting was Dissolved. 

Attest Thomas Clark 

Town Clerk 



[3O5.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Monday 
the 7 th day of May A.D. 1821. at 9 o'clock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 
Francis J. Oliver Esq r . was chosen Moderator 

William Dall Barzillia Homes 

Joshua Davis George Bond and 

Moses Williams Benj a . Rich Esquires 

were chosen Trustees of Neck Lands for the year ensuing 

Voted, That the Trustees of the Neck Lands be authorized 
and empowered to lease or sell the lands in such manner as they 
may think proper, any former vote of the Town to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

Thomas Hammond, was chosen Pound Keeper for the year 
ensuing. 

William Briggs was chosen a Surveyor of Lumber and of Wood 
for the year ensuing. 

On the Petition of Daniel Carney and others; it was Voted, 
That 

Mess rs . Daniel Carney 

Jonathan Simonds, and 
Henry H. Fuller Esq r . 

be a Committee to form a Table, stating all the Fees of office 
established by law ; and that the same be published with the 
annual report of the Committee of Finance. 

[3O6.] Eliphalet Williams and John H. Wheeler Esquires 
were chosen Fire Wards. 

On the Petition of Lot Wheelright and others, inhabitants of 
South Boston, It was Voted, That the Town consent that the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 183 

Laws restricting buildings of Wood, more than ten feet high, 
may be suspended for the term of five years, so far as relates to 
that Section of the Town. 

On the Petition of the Overseers of the Poor " to see if the 
Town will authorise some person to execute a Deed of a lot of 
Land, set off to the Town, in Alfred, County of York, in the 
State of Maine." It was Voted, that Doctor Bedford Webster 
be authorised & empowered to execute a good and sufficient 
Deed of a piece of land, situated in the Town of Alfred, County 
of York and State of Maine, in behalf of the inhabitants of this 
Town. 

It was voted, not to authorise the appointment of an additional 
Sealer of Weights and Measures ; as prayed for, in the Petition 
of John Thompson and others. 

On the representation of the Selectmen of the situation of the 
present Vegetable Market : It was Voted, That they be author- 
ised to build a New Vegetable Market. 

The Committee to whom was referred the Petition of Ben- 
jamin Humphrey and others, " to take the sense of the Town 
what further disposition shall [3O7] be made of the Town Dock ; 
whether the Town will sell out their interest in the same, purchase 
the rights of others ; or cause the same to be filled up have 
attended the duty assigned them and respectfully ask leave to 
report. 

They have taken the subject into their consideration and are 
unanimously of opinion [that] the Town owns a valuable property in 
The Town Dock but your Committee have not been able to learn 
that any persons are at present desirous of purchasing the rights 
belonging to the Town your Committee therefore confined their 
inquiries more particularly to the latter clause of their commission 
viz to see if the Town will purchase the rights of the abutters 
or fill up the same : Your Committee taking into consideration 
the proposition, that is now before the town, for a considerable 
enlargement of the present Vegetable & Fish Market, do not 
deem it expedient that any method should be proposed quieting 
the abutters or filling up the same the present season. but your 
Committee recommend that the town request the Selectmen to 
improve the Towns right in the Dock, either by letting or using 
the same as they may think proper. 

By order of the Committee 
May 3 d . 1821. Eliphalet Williams, Chairman. 

The foregoing Report was read and accepted. 

The Committee appointed by the Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston, at a legal Meeting, holden on the 12 th day of March 



184 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

last " on the subject of Pauperism, at large, and on the expedi- 
ency of erecting a Work House," within the said Town, having 
taken [3O8] those subjects into their consideration, in con- 
formity to their instructions, ask leave to 

REPORT. 

That in prosecuting their inquiries, concerning the subjects 
referred to their consideration, they have examined the state of 
the present Town Alms House and compared it with institutions 
of a similar character, in this vicinity, particularly with those at 
Marblehead and Salem, and they are unanimously of opinion 
that the accommodations, provided for the poor, at the Alms 
House, in Boston are not such as comport with the honor and 
interests of the Town. They are also unanimously of opinion, 
that in aid of the present establishment, a work house to be de- 
nominated a House of Industry, should be erected, with a suffi- 
cient quantity of land attached to it, so as to enable the poor, 
compelled to resort to it, to have the benefit resulting from air, 
employment and exercka, and the town to derive that advantage, 
which other towns in this vicinity experience from the well 
directed labour of the poor, in similar institutions. 

The document marked A, being the report of a sub-committee, 
appointed to inquire into the existing state of the establishments 
of the town, in this respect, will farther evidence and illustrate 
the importance and necessity of an immediate attention to these 
subjects. 

It is not the intention of your Committee to enter upon a 
laboured statement of the benefits to be derived from well man- 
aged houses of industry. The general reasonings, by which the 
utility of such establishments might be maintained, are super- 
seded by a concurrence [3O9] of experience, which can neither 
be controverted, nor resisted. 

It appears, by a report made by a Committee of the Massachu- 
setts Legislature, at their last session, that the experience, both 
of England and of Massachusetts, concur in establishing the 
fact " that of all modes of maintaining the poor, the most eco- 
nomical, is that of work houses, or houses of industry : in which 
work is provided for every degree and species of ability in the 
pauper / and also, that of all modes of employing the labour of 
the poor, the best, the most healthy, and the most certainly profit- 
able is that of agriculture ; whereby the poor are enabled always, 
to raise, at least their own provisions." 

It appears also, by the same report, that every town in the 
Commonwealth, which had resorted to such establishments, and 
persevered in their support, had derived from them, very great 
and sensible relief from the burden of maintaining the poor, to 
which they had been antecedently subjected, and this also had 
been effected by the use of means, which added both to the health, 
the comforts, and the happiness of the paupers themselves. 

In order, however, to leave no degree of satisfaction unattained, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 185 

which it was in their power to acquire, your Committee appointed 
another sub-committee to visit the Marblehead and Salem Alms 
Houses, two establishments in high repute, for the vigor and in- 
telligence, with which they were conducted, and the experience, 
resulting from which, was likely to be decisive, in relation to the 
general expediency of such institutions, from the distinguished 
character, the inhabitants [31O] of those towns have acquired 
throughout the Commonwealth, for their enterprise, prudence and 
intelligence. 

It appeared, by the report of this sub-committee, that "the 
request to be permitted to visit and examine those establishments, 
was received, by their respective Overseers in the most friendly 
and polite manner : that they were permitted to inspect every 
department of each institution, and that they obtained frank and 
unreserved answers, to all their inquiries." This examination 
resulted, "in the extreme gratification of the sub-committee, at 
the order and neatness, which prevailed, and the content and 
comfort of the poor, which was apparent, in both those 
institutions. 

The satisfaction, which the sub-committee derived from this 
general survey was equalled only, by that, which was consequent 
on the examination and consideration of the details, given by 
those Overseers, in relation to the success of those establishments. 

The Overseers of the Marblehead Alms House stated to the 
sub-committee, that the town of Marblehead had no general fund 
applicable to the support of the poor, except the Treasury of the 
town ; that the annual average of the poor, in point of number, 
supported in their Alms House, somewhat exceeded one hundred ; 
that the expence of the poor of Marblehead, from March 1820. 
to March 1821, was justly represented in the annexed schedule, 
(marked B.) by which it appears that the whole expence of sup- 
porting one hundred poor, within the Alms House, for that year, 
was only thirteen, hundred, and seventy five dollars, forty seven 
cents. 

[311.] Those Overseers, farther stated that, in their 
opinion, every thing considered, the annual expense, within the 
Alms House did not exceed nine, or ten dollars per head per year. 
The sub-committee were satisfied, that this estimate did not 
underrate the actual expense ; particularly as there is no credit 
allowed in it, for one thousand days labour done upon the high- 
ways, by that portion of the able bodied tenants of the Alms 
House, who were capable of this species of labor. All the high- 
way work of Marblehead being done, by the poor of their Alms 
House. 

A similar and not less satisfactory result was obtained, by the 
examination made, by this sub-committee, of the Alms House at 
Salem; By the printed report of the Overseers of that town, 
dated I 8t March 1821, (see Schedule, C,) it appears that since 
the erection of their Alms House, in 1815, the expences of the 
town of Salem, for the support of their poor, have been reduced 



186 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

from $12,779.21 cents, which it was in 1814, to $4,296.40 C'ts, 
which it was in the year, ending the 1 st of March last. The poor, 
supported out of the Alms House, being included in both 
estimates. 

If from this amount be deducted $1,090.87 cents, the estimated 
value of supplies, furnished poor persons, not inhabitants of the 
Alms House, the whole net expense of the Salem Alms House, 
for the last year was only three thousand, two hundred and five 
dollars fifty three cents. The average number of poor being 
about three hundred and twenty, supported within the Alms 
House during the year, makes the arithmetical result, of the 
whole expense, averaged upon the tenants about $10. p head 
per annum ! The same as that of Marblehead. The Overseers 
[312] of Salem, also stated, that it was their expectation to 
reduce considerably, the expenses of the establishment, the 
ensuing year. Here, also, as in Marblehead, the sub-committee 
were satisfied that circumstances existed, which considerably 
reduced the actual expense below the estimated average. 

The schedule marked D will exhibit the whole expense of the 
Boston Alms House, during the year 1820, The average num- 
ber within the house, somewhat exceeding four hundred persons. 

It will not be necessary, for the purpose of establishing a con- 
viction of the necessity of a resort to a similar institution, in the 
town of Boston, to enter into any comparison of the result of 
these inquiries, with that of similar inquiries made in relation to 
the Alms House in this town. In order to satisfy every mind of 
the interest and duty in this respect, it will be sufficient to state 
generally, that the support of the whole poor of the town of 
Salem, including all out pensioners, and an average of three hun- 
dred and sixty five within the house, cost the town of Salem last 
year, $4,296.40 cents. That the whole poor of the town of Bos- 
ton including all out pensioners and an average of about four 
hundred within the House, cost the Town of Boston last year, 
$19,934.53 c'ts. 

It is apparent to your Committee that this difference is greatly 
owing to the contracted state of the Alms House, in comparison 
with the wants of the Town. 

This establishment being the. receptacle of all that class, which 
are naturally the objects of a house of industry, the consequence 
is that out pensioners [313] are multiplied; and this most 
wasteful, and most expensive mode of supplying the poor, in 
their own families ; as well as the most liable to abuse, is 
rendered, in a great degree, inevitable. The entire want of land, 
suited to employ the poor, in any species of agriculture, or 
out-of-door labour, and the impracticability in so confined a 
space, to introduce the necessary separation of age and sex, and 
to provide each with employment suited to it, are also causes of 
this difference of expense in supporting their poor, to these 
towns respectively. 

Your Committee, therefore, from the preceding facts and rea- 



BOSTON TOWN RECOKDS. 1821. 187 

soning came, unanimously to the conclusion that a house of 
Industry ought forthwith to be erected, with a quantity of land, 
attached to it, sufficient for all the objects of such an institution. 

In forming this opinion, your committee were influenced by 
considerations of economy ; the strong conviction that a great 
saving would in consequence, result to the town, in point of 
expense ; and above all, by a sense of the salutary influence 
of a well managed institution of this kind on the public morals. 
The obligations, which every society owes to those classes of 
citizens, which are liable to become pensioners on its charity, 
were not overlooked, in making this estimate of the Town's 
interest and duty. 

There are four classes of persons, to which the public arrange- 
ments, on these subjects, ought to extend, and to whose peculiari- 
ties of condition they ought, as far as any general system is 
practicable, to be accommodated ; 1 st , the poor by reason of 
age ; 2 nd , the poor by reason of misfortune ; 3 rd , the poor, by 
reason of infancy ; 4 th the poor, by reason of vice. 

[314.] It is very plain, that each of these classes of poor 
have claims upon society, differing both in their nature and 
degree, founded upon different principles ; the sources of differ- 
ent duties, and requiring different proportions of sympathy and 
solicitude. 

Of all classes of the poor, that of virtuous old age, has the 
most unexceptionable claims upon society ; and is that, in rela- 
tion to which its charitable establishments should be so con- 
structed as to extend, not only comfort, but a reasonable degree 
of indulgence. This cause of helplessness cannot successfully 
be feigned. It is the consequence of a general law of our nature, 
to which all are equally liable. Hope and pleasure are, for this 
life, in a great measure extinguished. Its condition requires, 
therefore, a peculiar degree of consideration. Although the old, 
should not wholly be excused from labour, yet it is apparent that 
such ought to be provided as is suited to their age ; if possible 
to their habits and former employments in life. 

A similar course of remark applies to those, who are helpless, 
through corporeal, or intellectual misfortune ; the effects of no 
vice, nor criminal indulgence. Each of these classes is entitled 
to particular consideration ; neither should be released from every 
degree and kind of labour, yet what is required should be adapted 
to their condition, and their particular imbecillity. Something 
more of attention should be paid, and of pains taken, to gratify 
their inclinations and to supply their humble wants. 

Now the impracticability of making this first and great dis- 
crimination, in favor of these two first classes of poor, is the great 
defect of the Boston Alms [315] House. In an establishment 
so restricted in point of room ; and open to the indiscriminate 
influx of characters of all descriptions, it is impossible to make 
those distinctions, either in food, or in treatment, which is due to 
age and misfortune. 



188 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

If the aged and virtuous poor are reduced to the food, and 
made obnoxious to the severity, or the labour, to which the 
vicious are subjected, it is to them a degradation, and a new and 
undeserved source of misery and misfortune. On the other hand, 
if the vicious are permitted to enjoy the comforts, or partake of 
the indulgence, which is due to age and misfortune, their con- 
dition becomes, not only supportable, but eligible. The fear of 
poverty is diminished, and the shame of dependence obliterated. 
Public establishments become thronged ; as will never fail to be 
the case, whenever Alms House support is better than or even 
equal, in its kind, to the support to be obtained by labour. These 
considerations, and others, which will readily present themselves 
to the reflections of intelligent men, render it indispensable that 
an establishment should be provided which should enable the 
Town to make this first, and most important, and just of all dis- 
criminations between the poor, in consequence of vice ; and the 
poor, in consequence of misfortune. 

The third class, consisting of those, who are poor, and in 
infancy or childhood, are somewhat differently situated ; and 
have a right to require from society a distinct attention and more 
scrupulous and precise supervision. Their career of existence is 
but just commenced. They may be rendered blessings, or 
scourges to society. Their course may be happy or miserable, 
honor [316] able or disgraceful, according to the specific 
nature of the provision, made for their support and education. 
It follows that the charitable establishments of every wise and 
virtuous community ought to be such as to enable it to effect 
these interesting objects, in the most perfect and satisfactory 
manner. 

The present condition of the Boston Alms House, precludes all 
possibility of extending that free air, exercise and healthful 
labour, and of attaining that separation from the contamination 
of vicious language and example, which is requisite and due to 
this class. Intimately connected with this topic is that of pro- 
viding for those idle and vicious children, of both sexes, and 
different ages, which often under the command, and always with 
the permission of thoughtless and abandoned parents, are found 
begging in our streets, or haunting our wharfs, or market places, 
sometimes under the pretence of employ, at others for the pur- 
pose of watching occasions to pilfer small articles, and thus 
beginning a system of petty stealing ; which terminate often in the 
goal ; often in the penitentiary; and not seldom, at the gallows. 

Power enough already exists, in the hands of the constituted 
authorities, and if it do not, might easily be obtained, to rid our- 
selves of this nuisance, and to place these unfortunate children 
under either a system of discipline, or of restraint ; or of useful 
labour. At present, however, this is absolutely impracticable. 
There is no place, suitable for their reception. The present 
Alms House is insufficient for its present tenants ; more it is im- 
possible to [317] accommodate. A work house, or house of 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 189 

industry, is, therefore, absolutely essential, previously to taking 
any steps for the improvement of this unhappy, and abandoned 
class, of children. On this point, your committee do not appre- 
hend that any thing more forcible can be added, to make the 
essential nature of such an establishment as that, which they 
recommend, apparent and unquestionable. 

The fourth class, the poor by reason of vice, constitute, 
here, every where, by far the greater part of the poor ; 
amounting always, probably to a full two thirds of the whole 
number of adult poor. As it is for these, that the proposed 
house of industry is intended, in its first operations, to provide, 
the present, seems a proper occasion to explain the general views 
of your committee in relation to this establishment ; and to what 
objects and plans those views, at present, and to what they ulti- 
mately extend. Indolence, intemperance and sensuality, are the 
great causes of pauperism in this country. Notwithstanding the 
imbecility induced by their habits and vices, it is yet found by 
experience, that generally speaking, all this class can do some- 
thing ; and very many of them a great deal ; and some of them 
fall little, and often not at all, short of the ability to perform, 
daily, the complete task of a day labourer. 

The present accommodations of the Boston Alms House, not 
furnishing the means, nor the space for actual employ, their 
labour is but little, and of small account. The course of the 
practice of this class is, to come, or be brought to the Alms 
House in a state of disease, or intoxication, or, in the winter in 
actual want, and after [318] passing weeks, or months 
crowded together within its walls ; after being cured, restored 
and supported, during sickness and through inclement seasons, 
they are permitted to depart ; to enter upon the same career of 
vice and indulgence, until they are brought back again ; to be 
again supported and cured ; and again sent forth to commence 
and pursue the same circle. Now, it is apparent, that so long 
as this class can come when they will, and depart when they will, 
so long as little, or no, work is required of them, within the 
walls, and there is no land belonging to the establishment, on 
which they can work, without, so long as Alms House fare is 
upon a level, in point of quality and comfort, and often a little 
superior to their out-of-door support and comforts, that they 
have little, or no inducement either to labour or to economize, 
in order to prevent their being compelled to resort to it ; on the 
contrary, it is obvious that the certainty of a comfortable 
and easy life, in the winter, is a perpetual and very effectual 
encouragement to a thoughtless, dissipated and self indulgent 
course, in the summer. Accordingly institutions of this kind, when 
from necessity, or any other circumstances, they are conducted 
upon such principles, may justly be considered as encouraging 
and augmenting the amount of pauperism in a community. It 
follows, therefore, from these considerations, that it is the great 
duty of every society to take care their Alms Houses should be 



190 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

provided with space of land and accommodations, to enable 
those, who have the superintendence of them to provide work for 
this class; and for every class in it, according to its [319] 
ability ; to the end that they should never become the resort of 
idleness, for indulgence ; nor of vice for comfort ; nor of disease, 
for cure, without cost. 

Intimately connected with these vicious poor, is that turbulent 
and profligate class, who, travelling the high road of shame and 
ruin, are found in the haunts of gambling, intemperance and 
debauchery ; and whose quarrels, originating in their cups or 
their crimes, give continual occupation to the magistrates and 
officers of police. The only means, to which it is now in the 
power of the authorities of the town to resort for the purpose of 
preserving its peace from being disturbed by this class, are war- 
rants of Justices, common law processes, and incurring all that 
trouble, vexation and expense, necessarily consequent upon pro- 
ceedings of this nature. These means partake little of the char- 
acter of punishment ; and have still less the effect of reformation. 
Your committee have reason to believe that offences of this kind 
have of late, greatly increased ; and they look with confidence 
towards the proposed institutions, as a means of diminishing these 
evils, of breaking up the haunts, in which they originate, and 
relieving the town from a great expense, to which it is at present 
subjected. 

The great defect of our present establishment is that, for want 
of space, and want of accommodation, suitable work cannot be 
provided. Previous to its being practicable to make any 
improvement in the existing arrangements for the poor, it is there- 
fore, indispensable that such a house of industry should be estab- 
lished. 

Having unanimously come to this conclusion, [3I3O] the atten- 
tion of your committee was next directed to the subject of the 
place, where such an establishment, taking into consideration all 
the interests of the town, had best be located ; its extent ; 
probable cost ; and the general principles on which it ought to 
be conducted. The result of their investigations, so far as they 
deem it necessary or practicable, they now ask leave to suggest. 

With respect to the location of the establishment, a great pre- 
dilection prevailed in the minds of a majority of your committee, 
in favor of an Island, for that purpose ; and Deer Island it was 
thought would be very proper and suitable. In order to satisfy 
themselves upon that point, they paid a visit to it, and surveyed 
every part of it, and after inspection and consideration of all its 
relations, they came to an unanimous opinion, that to attempt to 
locate it upon any island, and certainly upon that, would be 
highly inexpedient. The soil was found to be extremely poor, 
the situation exposed, and the great difficulty of access to it and 
return from it, at all seasons of the year, with certainty, and its 
absolute impracticability some times for many days, or even 
weeks, in winter, were, in the opinion of your Committee decisive 
objections. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 191 

There is no truth, in relation, to these establishments more satis- 
factorily evidenced, by all the experience, both of England and 
Massachusetts, than that their success depends upon their being 
subjected to the constant supervision and inspection of a board of 
superintendents, composed of substantial, intelligent and active 
inhabitants of the town, or vicinity. It is [321] not suf- 
ficient that these should be men, merely in easy circumstances, 
prudent, intelligent and humane. It is requisite that such a 
board should be composed of men, bred to business, and accus- 
tomed to deal with men, in the laborious walks of life ; who know 
what labor is ; when work is done ; and are capable of judg- 
ing by the eye, or by examination, whether neglect, or refusal to 
work, be through mere indolence, or real imbecility. It may be 
adopted as a principle, applicable to all establishments of this 
kind, that they cannot be well conducted, for any great length of 
time, unless at least a considerable part of the board be men of 
such habits and experience. Now men, of this class, are always 
men, engaged in active business. To command their services, 
it is necessary that every facility should be given to their superin- 
tendence ; that it should be enabled to be regular, uninterrupted 
and certain. The location of the establishment in a situation 
where access to it will, at all times, be easy and certain, for those 
charged with its superintendence, is therefore, in the opinion of 
your Committee, essential to its success ; and that therefore a 
location upon an island is highly inexpedient. 

The soil of Deer island is also, in the apprehension of your 
Committee, another and, if not in itself, a sufficient objection, is 
yet, in a high degree corroborative of the opinion, they have 
formed. The opportunity, which agriculture affords for the 
economical employment of pauper industry, is one of the most 
favorable circumstances, to promote the success of such establish- 
ments. It is plain, that [322] success in this respect, depends 
upon whatever promotes, or prevents, the success in other agri- 
cultural operations. If therefore, the first location of such estab- 
lishment be on a soil, singularly inauspicious, inconvenient, or 
impracticable, the result must be pro portion ably unfavorable. A 
good and an easy soil not only possesses this general advantage, 
but there is also an incidental one, resulting from the encourage- 
ment and excitement given to the paupers themselves, by such 
facility in the course of their labours. It is found, that when 
judiciously managed, even the paupers themselves, may be made 
to take an interest, and even a pride, in the productive results of 
their garden, or cultivated field ; and every thing, which has a 
tendency to prevent disappointment, in this respect, has a ten- 
dency to excite and support the feeh'ngs, upon which such interest 
depends. The soil of Deer island is in a great proportion sand. 
Whatever there be of good soil, is high, exposed and inconvenient 
of access. On these accounts, as well as others, not necessary 
to detail, your Committee came to the unanimous opinion, that 
Deer island was not a proper site for the location of the pro- 
posed establishment. 



192 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

The Town lands on the neck, also some situations at South 
Boston, were suggested to your Committee. But as the deter- 
mination upon the site, should it result in favor of land, at 
present, the property of any private individual, might, if known, 
materially affect the value of those lands, and the price to the 
town, your Committee thought it most [323] adviseable not to 
proceed farther, until the opinion of the town was ascertained 
upon the expediency of establishing a house of industry. After 
this was settled, they apprehended that the questions concerning 
the location, the form, the extent of both the lands and buildings, 
as also of the principles, on which the establishment should be 
conducted, would be left best to the discretion of a responsible 
Committee, to be appointed by the town. 

With respect to the cost of such an establishment, it is obvious 
this must depend upon particulars, not at present precisely to be 
ascertained, such as whether the spot, selected for its location, 
be on land, at present owned by the town, or on land to be pur- 
chased ; in the last case, the value of such land, and the 
number of the poor, for which it will be necessary to provide in 
this institution. On these, and other details, of a very general 
character, will ultimately depend the expense of any such new 
establishment. 

In the opinion of your Committee, however, the establishment 
is indispensable, in the actual condition of the pauper relations 
of the town ; and that, in no event, the expense can. be such, as 
to form a reason against commencing it upon some scale, suited 
to the actual necessity existing, in this respect. The general 
view and opinions of your Committee, on this subject, are these, 
that measures should be immediately taken to obtain sufficient 
land for the location of it ; not less fifty acres ; that, in this 
location, considerations of local benefit, or of small [324] 
difference of price, should have little, or no influence. The best 
position for such an establishment should be secured, with a 
single eye to the permanent interest of the town, and ultimate 
success of the institution; that buildings should then be 
erected on a plan, sufficiently extensive, to accommodate forth- 
with, the greatest average of able poor, which are usually ten- 
ants of the Alms House every year. This cannot exceed two 
hundred persons ; that the plan of the establishment should be 
such as to be capable of being extended, if hereafter it should be 
deemed expedient, and so constructed as to separate and provide 
for the distinct accommodation of the different classes of the 
poor, whose different claims upon society have herein before been 
stated. 

For all the purposes of purchasing the requisite land, should a 
purchase be deemed expedient, of erecting all the buildings 
necessary, the present year, an appropriation of twenty thousand 
dollars, will, in the opinion of your Committee, be sufficient. 
Should experience justify an increase of the institution, the ex- 
penditure required, will of course, have relation to such increase. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 193 

It will be perceived by their fellow citizens, that the resolu- 
tions, submitted for their consideration and adoption, embrace 
topics of a more general character, than that of simply erecting 
a house of industry. 

In their apprehension, the present occasion shonld not be 
omitted to cause full survey to be taken of [325] all the public 
pi'ovisipns for the poor, subsisting within the town, and to ascertain, 
as far as practicable, in what forms and to what amount every 
general public charity is extended and applied ; to the end of pro- 
ducing, if possible, a general sentiment and a unity of action 
among all the societies and incorporations of this nature, for the 
purpose of making industry, morality and economy, in all of 
them, indispensable conditions of relief ; and of putting an end, 
as far as can be effected, to indiscriminate charity, and to street 
beggary. 

How far it is possible to adopt any general system, in relation 
to these objects, may, perhaps, be questionable. The attempt, 
however, cannot be disadvantageous. A full knowledge of all 
the pauper relations of the town cannot fail to be useful, and 
may lead, through the means of recommendation, or by affecting 
public sentiment, or otherwise, to such a course of proceeding, 
in relation to the distribution of public bounty, as may tend to 
repress the mischievous effects of that weak and listless sensi- 
bility, miscalled benevolence, which scatters its bounty without 
discrimination, pampering vice, fostering indolence, encouraging 
audacious pretence, and thus, while it does little, or no good, 
and sometimes positive injury to the individual, increases, and 
perpetuates, and makes more troublesome and virulent, the whole 
mass of pauperism in the community. 

Under these convictions and with these views your Committee 
recommend the adoption of the following votes by the town. 
For the Committee. 

Josiah Quincy, Chairman 

[326.] Voted, That it is expedient to establish, forthwith 
within this town, a House of Industry 

Voted, That a Committee be appointed consisting of 

persons, with full authority to select a suitable place for the 
erection of a House of Industry, with an extent of land, attached 
to it, not less than fifty acres ; and that the said Committee be 
authorized to take any of the unappropriated lands, belonging to 
the town, for that purpose ; or, in case they deem any other spot, 
or like extent of land, within the town, a better location for such 
an establishment, than any the town now possesses, that they be 
authorized to purchase the same ; and that the said Committee be 
instructed to proceed forthwith to erect suitable buildings ; and 
to form a system for the conduct of such institution, and to 
report their proceedings, in the premises, from time to time to the 
town as they may deem expedient. 

Voted, That the Committee appointed by the preceding vote, 



194 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

be authorized to draw on the town treasurer for such sum, or 
sums of money, as may from time to time be found necessary, 
for the carrying into effect the purposes therein expressed ; Pro- 
vided always that the amount of said drafts shall never exceed 
Twenty Thousand Dollars. 

Voted, That the Report this day made to the Town on the sub- 
ject of Pauperism and a House of Industry, be referred to the 
Committee, appointed by the preceding votes, and that they be 
instructed to take into consideration the various subjects [327] 
suggested in it and particularly to inquire into the general state 
of the poor and also into the number & condition of the out-of- 
door poor assisted by Overseers within the town, and concerning 
the operations, effects, modes, and principles of extending relief 
to the poor, adopted by the various charitable institutions existing 
in it ; and from time to time to report such measures in relation 
to the whole, or any, of the subjects aforesaid, as they may deem 
it expedient for the town to adopt. 

Appendix 
A. 

The Sub-Committee appointed to consider what provisions are 
made in the nature of a Work House or Bridewell, for vagrants 
and dissolute persons, and to inquire into the existing establish- 
ments of the town in this respect, ask leave to 

Report ; 

That on Saturday afternoon, accompanied by several other 
members of the general Committee, they waited on the Overseers 
of the poor, at the Alms House, in Leverett Street, and were 
conducted thro' that building and the smaller buildings within 
the enclosure of its yard. 

The Sub-Committee found that establishment to be totally 
distinct from, and by its construction incompatible with the 
arrangements necessary for a Bridewell or place of correction for 
vagrant and dissolute persons ; and that whenever any such are 
received in that institution, they are placed nearly in the same 
situation with those unfortunate and honest members of the 
community, whom disease or age have rendered incapable of 
[328] procuring a livelihood The Sub Committee learned that 
the buildings formerly belonging to the Town near the Common, 
consisted of two ranges; one of which was used as an Alms 
House, for the reception of persons whom it became a duty of 
charity, to relieve from distress and the other as a Work House, 
where disorderly and dissolute persons were restrained of their 
liberty, and compelled to work for their support; and that 
between these there was a smaller building with grated cells, 
called a Bridewell, which served as a place for the punishment of 
such as conducted [themselves] improperly while subject to the 
discipline of the institution. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 195 

When the new buildings were erected in Leverett Street, the 
whole sum appropriated to the purpose, was expended in the 
erection of a house exclusively designed as an Alms House, or 
place for the reception, of infirm, diseased, aged and children of 
both sexes ; and the apartments were constructed entirely with 
that view. Of course this large and expensive pile of buildings, 
which is so honorable to the liberality and benificence of the 
town, is incapable without great inconvenience, of being appro- 
priated to any other purpose ; there is but one room in which any 
kind of labour can be conveniently performed, and the necessity 
which is sometimes felt, of converting any part of it to other 
purposes, is an infringement on the objects for which it was origi- 
nally designed. 

Because, however, there is within the town, no place properly 
designed as a Work House, and because [329] that class of 
vagabonds who would become the tenants of such a building, 
are by our laws, under the control, in some degree, of the Over- 
seers of the poor, they have from time to time, been sent to that 
place ; and many have always been there, whom it was any- 
thing but charity to support in idleness, and to provide with the 
comforts of such an institution. The Sub-Committee saw many 
whom they believed, under proper regulations in a suitable place, 
might be made to support themselves. 

From the necessity of the case, the Overseers have been 
obliged to enlarge a building originally designed as a bath house, 

and use it as a Bridewell ; in which they have constructed 

small cells that are occupied by such disorderly persons as seem 
most to require to be punished by confinement. But not only 
does this seem to the Sub-Committee to be objectionable, by 
depriving the institution of a part of its original accommodation 
indispensable to cleanliness and health but because its size and 
construction is hardly more than is necessary as a restraint to 
perverse order, without any reference to profitable employment. 
Confinement in it must be temporary and occasional and the 
apprehension of its discipline, forms no part of the terrors of 
such a place to persons abroad. 

The Sub-Committee find by a reference to the laws of this 
country, passed at sundry times by the colonial, provincial and 
state authorities, that a Work House, or place where idle and 
dissolute persons, should be compelled to labour for subsistence 
[33O] was uniformly a part of the system of police. So early 
as 1662, authority was given magistrates to arrest " rogues and 
vagabonds," and confine them in the " house of correction." 

In 1699, a provincial act was passed for suppressing and pun- 
ishing of rogues, vagabonds, common beggars, and other lewd, 
idle and disorderly persons, and also, for setting the poor to 
work, by which, among other things, provision is made for 
erecting and governing a house of correction in every county, and 
that common drunkards, common night-walkers, pilferers, wanton 
and and lascivious persons, either in speech or behaviour, com- 



196 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

mon railers and brawlers, such as neglect their calling, and do 
not provide for their families, stubborn servants and children, 
fortune tellers, strollers and beggars, should be confined, and 
made to work. 

In 1735, a special act on this subject, relative to the town of 
Boston, was passed by the Legislature, and confirmed by the 
General Court, under the present Constitution, in 1789, which 
confers certain privileges as to the erection and governing these 
buildings, suited to the condition of a growing metropolis ; and 
under the provisions of which, many of the powers, in this respect 
continue to be exercised. And the necessity of some institution 
of a similar plan was so apparent, that in the year 1744, the 
G-eneral Court passed an act for all the province, authorising any 
one town, or any two or more towns, united together, to erect 
and govern a house of correction, for the restraining of the 
[331] dissolute poor, and compelling them to labour. The 
Statute of this Commonwealth passed 26th March, 1788, seems 
to be imperative on the Courts of Sessions for the several coun- 
ties to provide houses of correction, and declare that until such 
are erected, " the common prison in each county, shall be made 
use of for that purpose." But the common prison in Suffolk 
County, has long been useless for this object ; and the Sub-Com- 
mittee do not learn that the new one erecting by the County, is 
planned or adapted to such purpose. Indeed, the two establish- 
ments are so different as to render their union almost imprac- 
ticable. 

The Sub- Committee refer to these various laws to show that 
the wisdom of the government has always been decidedly 
expressed in favor of some establishment for the purpose now 
contemplated & which is more obviously necessary in a large sea- 
port town than in any other part of the state. The circumstances 
already stated will show as they think a satisfactory reason why 
at present and for many years past there has been wanting this 
necessary part of police within the town of Boston. 

The Sub-Committee do not deem it within their province to ex- 
tend this report by displaying the various facts and arguments 
which may prove the utility of a Bridewell or house of correction 
under proper regulations ; but they deem their commission dis- 
charged by reporting to the general Committee That There is 
Not at Present Any Suitable Institution of This Kind Under 
Direction of the Town [332] or County. 

James T. Austin, for the Committee. 

(B.) 

Schedule of the expense of the Poor of Marblehead from March 
1820 to March 1821. 

Amount of orders drawn on the Town Treasury 4534.17 
Deduct amount rec d . for State Paupers - 575.90 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 197 

ditto paid by other towns 549.31 

ditto paid for Cart, Plough, & Cows - - 98. 

ditto amount paid on old account - - 517.69 
ditto supplies furnished poor out of the 

house 1,417.80 3158.70 



Expense of the Poor House --------- $1375.47 

In addition to which one thousand days' work were done by 
eight men on the highway. 

(C.) 

Report of the Overseers of the Poor of the Town of Salem, 
March 1, 1821. 

Amount of orders drawn on the Town 

Treasury $11268.73 

Deduct Amount received from the State 

for support of State Poor $5504.84 

ditto amount paid for repairs & improve- 
ments 1467.49 6972.33 



Net amount for Town Poor 4296.40 

In the above sum of $4.296.40, are included all supplies to 
poor persons not inhabitants of the Alms House, to paupers 
belonging to other towns, and the amount paid the gaoler for the 
board of poor persons in gaol, including inhabitants of Salem, 
State poor, and persons belonging to other towns. A part of 
the expense thus incurred for other towns, is now [333] due to 
the Town of Salem. Value of supplies granted to poor persons 
not inhabitants of the Alms House, from March 1 st 1820, to 
March 1 st 1821, including State Paupers, and persons belonging 
to other towns, estimated at $1090.87. 

Number of Paupers in the Alms House Mar. 1, 1820 - - 337 
Entered during the year ending March 1, 1821 - - - - 369 

706 
Discharged and died during the year ------- 341 

Whole number in the Alms House, March 1, 1821 ... 365 

Whole number in the Alms House, March 1, 1820 - - - 337 

Whole number in the Alms House, March 1, 1819 - - - 273 

Whole number in the Alms House, March 1, 1818 - - - 292 

The average number of Paupers in the old Work House for the 
last twenty four years the poor resided there, viz. from 1793 to 
1816, was 120. 

Account of the Expenditure of the Town for the support of 
the Poor for the last ten years. 



198 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 









Net Am*, for 




Am*, of orders 


All Credits to 


support of 




drawn. 


be deducted. 


Town Poor. 


Year 1811 


$9659.83 


$2404.75 


$7255.08 


1812 


10237.06 


2679.38 


7557.68 


1813 


13805.86 


2850.03 


10955.83 


1814 


15795.96 


3016.75 


12779.21 


1815 


11121.52 


3622.28 


7499.24 


1816 


13090.67 


5442.62 


7646.05 


1817 


16231.44 


6585.44 


9646. 


1818 


15886.91 


6724.14 


. 9162.77 


1819 


15219.83 


8212.36 


7007.47 


1820 


11268.73 


6972.33 


4296.40 



D. 

Alms House, April 24 th . 1821 
Sir, 

By direction of the Board of Overseers of the [334] Poor 
the following statement is transmitted in answer to your last 
inquiry. 

I am, Sir, your very humble 
Servant, Redford Webster. 

To the Chairman of the Committee of the Town on the subject 
of a House of Industry, &c. 

Drafts on Town Treasurer 26,374.12 

Received of Firewards for forfeiture of Gunpowder 149.30 

" for sales Oakum 1312.83 

" for rent of Wharf 527.00 

" this year balances of accounts settled 
with other towns and persons, much of 
which had been standing for several 
years - 3949.16 

Amount received from the State for $32,312.41 

the support of State Poor -------- 12,377.88 

Net amount for Town Poor $19,934.53 

Of the above sum there were paid out of the house 
for paupers in gaol board of insane poor in 
the Asylum and at other places allowance to 
poor persons and families without the house 
and disbursments of the Overseers in the wards, 
&c, &c $14433.70 

Hon. Josiah Quincy, Joseph Lovering, James Savage, Henry 
J. Oliver, Francis Welch, Ebenezer Frances, Thomas Howe, 
W m . Thurston, Abram Babcock, Samuel A. Wells, James T. 
Austin, Benj a . Rich & Joseph Woodward Esq re ., were nominated 
from the chair, and appointed a Committee, in conformity to the 
second vote. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 199 

The Town Meeting was then dissolved. 

Attest Thomas Clark, Town Clerk. 



[335.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, holden at Faueuil Hall, on Mon- 
day the 14 th . day of May A.D. 1821. 10 o'clock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev. Doct. Baldwin. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting, read. 

Paragraph of the Constitution relative to the choice of Repre- 
sentatives read 

A communication was received from the Assessors stating 
" that they have not yet completed the taking the Polls and 
Estates in the Town of Boston; they find in the Wards where 
they have already been, that the number does not materially differ 
from the last year ; they therefore, are of opinion that the whole 
number will exceed Ten thousand Polls, the present year, which 
will entitle the Town to more than forty five Representatives." 

A motion was made, and seconded, to choose twenty five per- 
sons to represent the Town in the General Court, the year ensu- 
ing ; The motion being put by the Chairman of the Selectmen, it 
passed unanimously in the affirmative. 

Voted, That the Poll shall be closed at 1 o'clock 

[336.] The Chairman of the Selectmen requested the Inhab- 
itants to prepare and bring in their votes for twenty five persons, 
to represent the Town in the General Court the year ensuing. 

At the close of the Poll, it appeared that the whole number of 
Votes was ___-_ 1610 



Necessary to make a choice ---------- 806 

The following Gentlemen had the number of votes set against 

their respective names, and were declared to be duly elected 

Representatives for the ensuing year. viz. 

Hon. Josiah Quincy - - 1094 Nathan Appleton - - 1074 

" William Prescott - 1077 Lynde Walter ... 1564 

" Peter C. Brooks - 1071 Eliphalet Williams - - 1483 

" Tho mas H. Perkins 1081 John Cotton - - - - 988 

Benjamin Russell Jonathan Phillips - - 981 

Esq. - - - - 1070 Francis C. Gray - - - 1476 



200 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

James Savage - - 1085 [337] Theodore Ly- 

William Tudor - 1089 man Jr 980 

Gedney King - - 1088 Francis J. Oliver - - 979 

Heman Lincoln - 1578 George W. Otis - - - 986 

Edmund Winchester 1579 Henry Bass - ... 882 

Nathan Hale - - 1088 Benjamin West - - - 1276 

Joseph Lovering - 1080 William Shimmin - - 858 

Enoch Silsby - - 1090 

The names of persons voted for, who did not obtain a majority 
of votes. viz 

Lewis Tappan 496, George Sullivan 506, David W. Child 501, 
Edw. Cruft 491, Jeremiah Gore 488, Robt. Fennelly 506, David 
Ellis 485, Sam. H. Walley 509, Isaac Stevens 502, Sam 1 . Hich- 
born Jr. 494, Ja 8 . Loring 505, S. P. Tarbell 491, Thomas Dean 
499, Geo. W. Coffin 505, Edm d . Kimball 500, Barzillia Homes 
511, Eleazer Howard 495, Cyrus Alger 499, A. P. Cleveland 
488. Scattering viz. Sam 1 . L. Knapp 9, James T. Austin 8, 
Sam 1 . A. Wells 7, H. Dearborn 6, H. Orne 6, Rev. Thomas 
Baldwin 5. S. Billings 5, W m . Gray 5, Doct W m . Ingalls 6, 
W m . Gale 5, John Howe 2, David Henshaw 4, Charles Hood 4, 
Henry N. Rogers 2, W. D. Sohier 2, W m . Homer 2, Ab. Wild 2, 
Thomas Thaxter 2, Jn. Tappan 3, G. Bond 2, S. Hooper 2, A. 
Peabody 2, D. Messinger 3, R. D. Tucker 3, Sam 1 . Hubbard 4, 
Jos. Haven 2, W m . Dehon 2, Enoch Bartlett 2, Thomas Cordis 2, 
Sam 1 . Fales 2, Tho 8 . Wells 2, T. K. Thomas 2, John Fox 2, 
Cha 8 . Winslow 2, Ja 8 . Read 2, W m . Sturgis 3, Sam 1 . Adams 3, 
John Lepean 2, D. Wild 2, Luke Eastman 2, Lem 1 . Shaw 2, W m . 
Wyman 2, J. Sears 3, Joshua Davis 2, Enos Cobb 2, Jn. Par- 
ker 2, Jon a . Jewett 2, Thomas Jackson 3, Geo. Hallet 3, Jon a . 
Mason 4, Benj a . Smith 2, D. Sharp 3, P. Dean 4, T. Lewis 3, 
D. Baxter 3. T. Badger 2, R. Sturgis 3, A. Dunlap 4, W. 
Donnison 3. [338] J. Stearns 2, Abram Babcock 2, John 
Odin 2, Thomas Holt 2, Lewis Lerow 2, W m . Sullivan 2, & H. 
Atkins, J. Winslow, J. Davis, J. W. Revere, B. Whitman, G. 
Fairbanks, S 1 . Fairbanks, Jon*. Loring, T. Dennie, W. H. Sum- 
ner, H. Codman, Benj a . Winslow, S. H. Parker, Benj a . Loring, 
M. Brimmer, H. G. Otis Jr. Ab. Wood, Azor Orne, N. M. 
Dearborn, Jo 8 . Brszer, Asa Whitney, Aaron Hill, Ed. Jones, A. 
Binney, T. L. Winthrop, H. Fuller, Lot Wheelright, G. J. 
Homer, Asher Adams, J. Putnam, D. Tuttle, W m . Little, Ja 8 . 
Lloyd, Jn. Howe, Jn. Bellows, H. L. Cushman, S. A. Shed, 
Ter. Wakefield, A. O. Barton, Josh. Gray, Seth Copeland, Jn. 
Drayton, Ch 8 . M. Domett, Ben. Porter, Eben White, Jer. Bond, 
Ed. Quincy, N. P. Russell, Jos. P. Bradstreet, Horace H. Good- 
man, F. Tufts, R. B. Callender, W m . Plimpton, Jacob Peabody, 
Fra 8 . Welch, James Davis, Jon a . Carleton, Geo. J. Homer, Nat. 
Willis, Jos. Jones, H. J. Oliver, Jn. C. Procter, Ab. Moore, N. 
Dearborn, James Brewer, Edw. Kendall, J. H. Wheeler, Jon a . 
Whitney, D. Sears, Jon a . Thaxter, Harry Oliver, Henry Ernmons, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 201 

Jonas Bass, Joseph Coolidge, Adam Bent, Cyrus Cyecy, Otis 
Everett, Jos. Sewall, C. P. Curtis, W m . J. Spooner, Asa 
Whitney, one each. 

The Meeting was then Dissolved. 

Attest Thomas Clark, Town Clerk. 



[339.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhab- 
itants of the Town of Boston, qualified to vote in town affairs, in 
Faneuil Hall on Monday the 28 th day of May A.D. 1821. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting being read. 
Stephen Codman, was chosen Moderator. 

The Town Clerk being absent by reason of sickness, it was 
voted, that a Town Clerk pro. tern, be chosen. 

Voted, That he be chosen by nomination, and that the nomina- 
tion proceed from the chair. Whereupon, Samuel A. Wells, was 
nominated, and chosen, and sworn to the faithful performance of 
the duties of the office, the Oath being administered by the chair- 
man of the Selectmen, in open town meeting. 

The Report of the Committee of Finance was then read. 
The Chairman of the Selectmen stated to the Town, that since 
the report of the Committee of Finance had been made out, he 
had been informed by the Chairman of the Board of Overseers of 
the poor that they should not require so large an amount as they 
had stated to be necessary, to the Committee of Finance, by five 
thousand dollars, therefore the amount required of the town 
would be five thousand dollars less than the amount stated in the 
report ; it was then moved, that the sum of One hundred and 
thirty four thousand [34O] five hundred Dollars be raised, and 
that Two thousand five hundred Dollars be considered as included 
in that sum for the purpose of lighting the Lamps during the 
Summer, which after debate passed in the negative Moved and 
Voted, That the report of the Committee of Finance be amended, 
by reducing the amount required by the Overseers of the Poor, 
Five thousand Dollars, and that the sum of One hundred and 
thirty two thousand dollars be raised to pay the current expenses 
of the Town the ensuing year. 

Moved : That upon the representation of the doings and pro- 
ceedings of Turner Phillips, Treasurer and Collector of Taxes of 
the Town of Boston, the preceding year : Voted: That the Town 
of Boston approve the conduct of said Turner Phillips in the said 
Offices of Treasurer and Collector, and that he has faithfully and 



202 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

fully as was in his power completed the execution of his duty in 
said Offices to which he had been appointed as aforesaid and that 
he be excused from all delinquency or default, in not having 
effected a full aud complete settlement of Taxes by him to have 
been received or collected according to law. 

Voted, That the Town Treasurer and Collector be authorized to 
borrow with the approbation of the Committee of Finance, such 
sum of money, as shall be found necessary for the service of the 
Town the ensuing year. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid, [341] unto Thomas 
Dawes, the sum of Seven hundred and fifty Dollars for his Salary 
as Judge of the Municipal Court the present year. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid unto Thomas Clark, 
Town Clerk, the sum of One thousand dollars, for his Salary the 
present year. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid unto each of the per- 
manent Assessors, the sum of One thousand dollars as their 
salary for the present year. 

Voted, That the Salary of the Town Treasurer and Collector 
be referred to the adjournment of this meeting. 

Voted, That there be allowed and paid unto the chairman of 
the board of Selectmen the sum of twelve hundred dollars per 
year, as the Salary for services in that office. 

The Petition of John R. Child and others requesting that the 
Selectmen may be authorized to appoint more than one Sealer of 
Weights and Measures, should they deem it expedient, where- 
upon Voted, That the prayer of the Petition be granted. 

On the Petition of William Andrews and others praying that 
the town would make additional allowance, to the Pound Keeper 
and Field Driver at South Boston, beyond the fees established by 
law. 

[342.] It was Voted; That the petitioners have leave to 
withdraw their petition. 

On the Petition of Josiah Jones and others, praying that the 
Town would petition the Legislature, to alter or repeal the law 
restricting the inhabitants from erecting buildings of wood within 
the town to ten feet : it was Voted : That the petition be referred 
to a Committee, consisting of one from each Ward, in conjunc- 
tion with the Moderator of this meeting, who is to be chairman of 
the Committee. Voted : That the said Committee be selected, 
by a committee of Nomination, and that the three first signers 
of the petition, if present, be chosen. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 203 

Voted : That three persons in addition be nominated from the 
the chair : whereupon 

C William W. Blake 
of the Petitioners -] Seth Copeland 

(^ David C. Jacobs 

C Francis J. Oliver 

Nominated by \ T 

AU ir j * 4 James Reed 

the Moderator ) T , ~ ,, , 

(^ Joseph Callender, 

were selected and who retired, and reported the following gentle- 
men for Committee, all of whom were accepted by the town. 

Ward N. 1. William Harris [343] 7. Samuel A. Wells 

2. Redford Webster 8. Asa Richardson 

3. Enoch Silsbee 9. Leach Harris 

4. Nathaniel Alley 10. Joseph P. Bradlee 

5. Joseph Coolidge 11. Thomas Jackson 

6. Michael Roulstone 12. Joshua Davis 
and the said Committee to report at the adjournment. 

On motion made and seconded : it was Voted, that when any 
vacancy occurs in the Committee appointed to locate and build 
an House of Industry, by death, resignation, or otherwise, that 
the remaining members of the Committee be authorized to fill 
such vacancy. 

On the Petition of Benjamin French and others for the 
removal of Hackney Coaches from the streets it was voted to 
refer it to a Committee of three, whereupon, 

Samuel Adams 

Heman Fay 

Samuel L. Knapp, 
were chosen for that purpose. 

On the Petition of Lewis Tappan and others requesting the 
Town to consider the expediency of assessing the Town and 
County Taxes, or either of them at some season of the year, 
other than the first day of May. 

Whereupon Voted, That the Assessors be directed to take 
the valuation of personal property for the Town and County 
taxes on the first [344] Tuesday of February annually. 

John Cleasby was nominated and chosen a Hog Reeve and 
Field Driver [for] the year ensuing. 

On the Petition of Joseph Willett and others for two additional 
Surveyors of Lumber. Voted ; that it is inexpedient to appoint 
any additional Surveyors of Lumber. 



204 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Voted : That this meeting be now adjourned to Wednesday 
next at 9 o'clock A.M. 

Wednesday June 6 th A.D. 1821. 
Met according to adjournment. 

The report of the Committee of Finance, was read authorizing 
the Committee to allow the Town Treasurer and Collector, a sum 
not exceeding Twenty jive hundred Dollars. which was 
accepted, and Voted: The Committee of Finance be author- 
ized to allow the Town Treasurer and Collector, such Salary as 
they think proper not exceeding twenty five hundred dollars, for 
his services in those offices the ensuing year. 

The Committee of Finance having full power to diminish this 
sum as much as they shall judge expedient. 

The report of the Committee relative to Hacks, was read 
and unanimously accepted. 

[345.] The Committee to whom was referred the Petition 
of Benjamin French and others, ask leave to Report. 

That they have attended to the duty assigned them, and find 
on examination that the standing of some Hackney Coaches in 
the Streets, is an inconvenience, to the Public, but there are 
some persons who keep them so situated, that it would be a 
hardship for them to be now driven from the Street. The power 
of regulation being now vested in the Selectmen, your Commit- 
tee believe it is in the most judicious hands that it could any 
where be lodged. But your Committee would venture to recom- 
mend, that after three months from this date, all Hackney 
Coaches should be ordered from the Street, excepting in such parti- 
cular Cases as the Selectmen should think proper to exempt. 

Samuel Adams 
Heman Fay 
June 6th 1821. Samuel L. Knapp. 

The Report of the Committee on the subject of Buildings of 
Wood, as expressed in the petition of Josiah Jones and others, 
was read, and accepted by a large majority. 

The Committee to whom was referred the Petition of Josiah 
Jones and others, to take into consideration the expediency of 
Petitioning the Legislature to alter or repeal the Law prohibit- 
ing the erection of Wooden buildings within the Town [346] 
more than ten feet high, have attended to the subject with all the 
diligence and care which the importance of the subject claims. 

The Committee are fully impressed, with the great advantage 
which the Town has experienced by the effects of the existing 
Law, which has been in operation since the year 1803. by which 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 205 

means a great increase of Brick and Stone Walls have been 
erected, and the security of the town thereby has been much 
increased ; and therefore it is the opinion of the Committee, that 
the existing Law may now be modified without any essential in- 
jury ; and inasmuch as it appears to be the general wish so to mod- 
ify the Law, as to meet the wants and means of a large portion of 
respectable citizens, who have not the ability to erect buildings 
entirely of Brick or Stone ; and as they are satisfied that dwell- 
ing houses not exceeding ten feet high, are injurious to the 
health of those who reside in them, as well as to the Inhabitants 
generally. The Committee therefore recommend to the town, 
to signify its desire that the Legislature should be requested so 
far to modify the existing Law, as that in future wooden Build- 
ings may be erected, which are to be used for dwelling houses 
exclusively, which shall not exceed eighteen feet from the lowest 
part of the sill, to the upper part of the plate, and a pitched roof 
over the same not exceeding six feet high, from the plate to the 
highest point of the roof, provided that such roof shall be 
entirely covered with slate & shall not have any Windows on 
[347] the sloping part of the said roof, but that in each end 
a Window may be placed And further that where there are two 
or more tenements joined, there shall be a brick wall between, of 
at least twelve inches in thickness, and extend at least two feet 
above the highest point of the Roof and to be covered with a 
stone capping. And also that where the ends or sides of any 
such building to be erected, shall be situated within fifteen feet 
of any other buildings of Wood, such end or side shall be of brick 
or stone, the wall of which, shall be of at least twelve inches in 
thickness, and extend at least two feet above the highest point 
of the Roof, and be capped with Stone. 
All which is respectfully submitted 

By order of the Committee 

Stephen Codman, Chairman 
June 6. 1821. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be requested to present a petition 
to the Legislature in behalf of the Town to obtain a modification 
of the Law agreeable to the preceding vote. 

Voted, That an Assistant Town Clerk be selected whose duty 
it shall be to act, as such, in all cases, when the Town Clerk, 
either from death, sickness or other cause shall be unable to per- 
form the duties of that office. 

Voted, That M r . Charles Hammatt, be selected for that 
purpose. 

[348.] Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby are author- 
ized to make such compensation to the Assistant Town Clerk as 
they may think proper and expedient. 



206 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Voted, To reconsider the vote passed at the last Meeting, on 
the petition of Joseph Willett and others respecting two addi- 
tional Surveyors of Lumber. 

Voted, That the further consideration of this subject be post- 
poned 'till next March Meeting. 

Moved, That the Vote accepting the Report of the Committee 
of Finance, be reconsidered which passed in the affirmative. 

Moved, That the further consideration of the subject be indefi- 
nitely postponed which was negatived 

Voted, That the Report of the Committee of Finance be recom- 
mitted to the same Committee for revision, and that they Report 
at the adjournment. 

Voted, That when this Meeting adjourns it adjourn to next 
Monday week, then to meet in this place at 9 o'clock A.M. 

The meeting was then adjourned 

[349.] Monday June 18th 1821 Met according to adjourn- 
ment. 

The question having been asked, "why the Taxes assessed 
exceeded the Taxes voted by the Town." Moved, that a Com- 
mittee be raised to wait on the Assessors and request their attend- 
ance at the Meeting. The Police Officer, was directed to attend 
to that duty. 

Moved, To reconsider the vote authorizing the Selectmen to 
make such compensation to the Assistant Town Clerk, as they 
may think proper and expedient which was negatived 

The Committee of Finance made a report, and after some 
debate, it was voted that the subject subside for the present. 

A long debate on the subject of the Town and County Treas- 
urers, being united, then ensued; and the Records of the Con- 
vention, authorized to choose County Treasurer, and also the 
Records of the Convention authorized to choose the Town Treas- 
urer and Collector having been read, it was Moved, that the 
whole subject subside. which was negatived It was then 1 
Voted, Unanimously that the subject be referred to the Com- 
mittee of Finance, with directions to use all the means in their 
power, to unite the two Offices in one person. 



BOSTON TOWN RECOEDS, 1821. 207 

The Assessors having attended and made [35O] some expla- 
nations. It was Voted, unanimously, To instruct the Assessors 
to assess, precisely the amount of Taxes, levied by the State, 
County and Town and to make no addition of the five per Cent, 
as allowed by Law the present year. 

The Report of the Committee of Finance was again taken up, 
and Voted, that the subject be postponed untill the adjournment, 
and that the Report be printed in the meantime and distributed 
to the Inhabitants. 

After some discussion of the subject of lighting the Lamps all 
the year, it was Voted, that the subject subside. 

Voted, That when this meeting does adjourn, it shall be to this 
day fortnight, then to meet in this place, at 10 o'clock A.M. 

Voted, That this Meeting do now adjourn. 

Attest Charles Hammatt, 

Assistant Town Clerk. 



[351.] Monday July 2 nd 1821 Met according to adjourn- 
ment. 

The Report of the Committee of Finance which was made at 
the last meeting and ordered to be printed, was taken up. viz. 

Ninth annual Report of the Committee of Finance. 

N. 1. 

The amount of Taxes assessed in 1820. were as follows viz 

State Tax 24,117.02 

Town & County Tax 141,111.28 



$165,228.30 



Amount received by the Treasurer on account of 

said Taxes 154,519.90 

Amount of abatement of Taxes agreeable to Cer- 
tificates of Assessors --------- 6,413.10 

Balance uncollected 4,295.30 



165228.30 



208 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Amount received by the Treasurer on account of 
uncollected Taxes of preceding years and out- 
standing at the time the late Treasurers account 
was settled 1815 109.80 

1817 27.50 

1818 106.96 

1819 1145.40 

1,389.66 

Amount received for 1820 154,519.90 

Whole amount received by the Treasurer from 

August 1820, to May 1821 155,909.56 

Boston May 14, 1821 Errors Excepted Turner Phillips, 

Town Treasurer. 
[352.] N. 2. 

The Town of Boston in Account Current with Andrew Sigourney 
Treasurer D r . 



1820 

May 22 To amount due on Selectmen's 

& Overseer's drafts - - 226.24 
To amount of Note due the 

Selectmen 1230.00 

June 2 d . To do Selectmen's d'fts of the 

1 st instant - - - - 9554.18 
8 To do Overseer's ditto of the 

7 th do 2388.40 

13 To do Board of Health ditto 

of the 12 th do --- 1000. 
July 3 To do Selectmen's ditto of the 

1 st do 5010.30 

6 To do Overseer's ditto of the 

5 th do 2373.49 

Aug 5 To do ditto ditto of the 5 th do 972.25 
To do Selectmen's ditto of the 

5 th 4511.75 

To do Jabez Hunting's Note 

received for rent - - 40.00 
To do Thomas Badger's ditto 22. 
To Counterfeit Bill received 

for Taxes .... 3. 



1456.24 



20326.37 



5549.- 



To balance due the Town to new Ac- 
count 



27331.61 
33725.54 



61057.15 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 



209 



The Town of Boston in account with Andrew Sigourney, Treas- 
urer ----- C r . 



1820 
May 

June 



22 By Balance due the Town 
as per accounts of this 

date - 

3 " Cash rec'd of Jacob Tidd 

Jr for his Note - - 378. 
" do of do 12 months 

interest on $15 12 - 90.72 
30 " do for Rent of land on 

the Neck - - - - 12. 
" do for Rent of land on 

Mill Pond - - - 20. 
11 do for Rent of House 

in Union Street - 12. 

" do for Rent of Stall 

under Faneuil Hall 39. 
" do for Rent of Shops 
& Offices in Old 
State House - - - 217.50 



car d . for d . 

[353.] By Amount brought forward - - - 
July 15 By Cash of the State Treas- 
urer for maintenance of 
State Paupers to June 

1st 7313.32 

31 By do for rent of land on the 

Neck 40. 

By do for rent of Hay Scales 170.87 
By do for rent of Shops & 
Offices in old State 

House 500.83 

By do for rent of Stall & Cel- 
lars under Faneuil Hall 886.50 
Aug. 5 By do for 3 months rent of 
Cellars N 12 & 13 Old 
State House - - - 150. 
By do for 3 months of Stalls 

&c in the Market - - 2189.18 
By do for 3 months Stall N. 

17 37. 

By do for 3 months Offices 
N. 3 & 6 Old State 

House 100. 

Aug. 5 By do 12 do Sedge Lands - 5. 

By do Fines for breach of 

Laws ------- 2. 



45170.76 



769.22 

45939.98 
45939,98 



210 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



By Amount of Selectmen's & 

Overseers drafts unpaid - 261.97 
By Cash received for Taxes 

1817 - - - 25.80 
1816 - - - 77.30 

1818 - - - 108.62 

1819 - - - 2018.78 2230.50 
By Amount of Note due to 

Selectmen of Boston ------ 



13887.17 
1230. 

$61,057.15 

Aug. 5 By Balance due the Town as per Contra, 33.725.54 
Boston Sept. 2. 1820. Errors Excepted - 

Elizabeth Sigourney, Administratrix 

By her Attorney, Joel Stone. 



[354.] 



N. 3. 



The Town of Boston in account Current with Turner Phillips, 

Treasurer & Collector D r . 

1820 

Augt. 6 To Cash paid balance of Selectmen's and 

Overseer's Drafts 261.97 

To Joseph Russells' Note given as Town 
Treasurer to the Selectmen of Boston, 
dated Dec 1 . 1. 1793 



1821 

March 22 To Cash paid M rB . Elizabeth Sigourney 

for my Note given as Treasurer, dated 

September 4 th 1820 

April To Amount of Commonwealth 

Tax for 1820 - - - - 21,749.33 
To ditto County of Suffolk 

Tax for 1820 - - - - 29,768.40 



May 



To balance of Profit & Loss ace*, as p r . 

account ---------- 

To amount of the Selectmen's 

Drafts from Sep r . 1. 1820, 
, to Ap 1 . 21, 1821 inclusive, 74,800.59 
To amount of the Overseer's 

d'fts from Sep r . 6. 1820 to 

May 2 d . 1821 inclusive - 18,784.77 
To amount of the Board of 

Health's drafts from Au- 
gust 21. 1820 to Ap r . 21 8t . 

1821. inclusive - - - 7,500.00 



1230. 



33725.54 



51517.73 



924.05 



101,085.36 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 211 

To the following Bonds & 
Notes remaining unpaid 
Ward N. Boylston's Bond, 10,000.00 
Jacob Tidd's three notes, 1,134. 
John Hancock's - - - 930. 

Rea & Wrights - - - 300. 

John Stuarts - - - - 125. 

Isaac Rand Jr.'s - - - 46.20 

J & A Hunting's - - - 40. 

William Tukesbury's - - 390.92 

Jabez Hunting's - 40. 

13,006.12 

May 14 To Balance due the Town to New ac- 
count 84,874.53 



$286,625.30 



[355.] The Town of Boston in Account Current with Turner 
Phillips, Treasurer & Collector .....___ C r . 

1820 

Sept. 2 d . By the following Bond & Notes rec d . 
this day of the Administratrix of the 
Estate of Andrew Sigourney Esq. 
deceased, late Treasurer and Collector 
viz. 

By Ward N. Boylston's Bond 10,000.00 
" Jacob Tidd Jrs 3 Notes 

$378 each .... 1134. 
" John Hancock's. - - - 930. 
' Joseph Rowe's ... 535.50 
* 4 Rea & Wrights - - - 500. 
" John Stuart's - - - - 125. 
** Isaac Rand's Jr - - - 46.20 

" Jabez & Asa Hunting's - 40. 

" William Tukesbury's - - 17.55 

" Jabez Hunting's - - - 40.00 
" Thomas Badger's - - - 22.00 

13390.25 

Sept 4 By Cash rec d . of Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Sigourney for my 
Note as Treasurer 
viz --.__. 

Boston Money- - - - 7313.32 
Current Money - - - 25868.22 
Bills of the Hollowell & 
Augusta, Wiscassett & 
Castine Banks - - - 544.00 

33725.54 



212 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Sept 



Oct 

1821. 
Feby 



ditto for one years rent of 
Land or Flats northwesterly 
from the end of the Rope 
Walks N. 1 & 2- due 24 th 
December 1820 - - - - 



179.70 



47.20 



273.50 



30 By Cash rec d . of the Police 

Officer for Fines collected 

by him for breaches of 

Town Laws 3.00 

18 By Cash rec d of S Gorham 

Esq for 16.50 

7 By Cash rec d . of W m Donnison 

Esq. for D. 2.00 

" Cash rec d . for Militia 
Exempts 252.00 

car d . over - $47389.29 



1821. 

[356.] March 10 By Amount brought forward 047389.29 
March 10 By Cash rec d . of the State Treasurer for 
the maintenance of State Paupers to 

Dec r . 1. 1820 5064.56 

22 " Cash received of Mrs. Elizabeth 
Sigourney, administratrix on the 
Estate of Andrew Sigourney Esq r . 
deceased, for the balance due from 
him as Treasurer & Collector of the 
Town of Boston, as per adjustment 
of his account by the Sub-Committee 
of the Committee of Finance - - - 33725.54 
May By Cash received for Licenses 

for Hackney Carriages - - 62. 

By Cash received for Rent of 
Stalls & Cellars under Fan- 
euilHall 3037.50 

By ditto of the Clerk of the 
Market for Rents rec d . by 
him for Meat & Vegetable 
Stalls, &c from the 1 st of 
Novem. 1820, to 1 st May 
1821 6767.01 

By ditto for Rent of Shops, 
Offices & Cellars in Old 
State House 2902.92 

By ditto for Rent for Lands 
on the Neck ----- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 213 

By ditto of Jos. N. Howe & 
Amos Binney for 2 year's 
rent of Land or Flats at the 
foot of Rope Walks N. 5 
due 24 th December 1820 - 13.20 

12947.53 

carr d . forward - $99188.92 
May By Amount brought for- 
ward $99188.92 

By Cash rec d . for Rent of Land 
on Prince & Merrimack 
Streets 112.00 

By ditto for ditto of Fish Stall 

on north Street - - - - 12.00 

By ditto for d. of House on 

Union S* 36.00 

By ditto for d. of Deer Island 400. 

By ditto for proceeds of Hay 

Scales 360.98 

920.98 

By Balance of Interest Account per 

Account 1495.53 

By Amount due the Commonwealth on 

Tax of 1820 21749.33 

By bal ce due the County of Suffolk on 

ditto - --- 5532.10 

By balance due on Selectmen's & Over- 
seer's drafts 586.38 

By Cash rec d . for Taxes of 1815. 1817 

1818. 1819. 1820 155909.56 

" Cash rec d . for an old Stove and Light- 
ing a Lamp - 12.50 

By Treasurer Russells Note to Selectmen 

of Boston 1230.00 



Dollars 



286,625.30 



Boston May 14. 1821. Errors Excepted 
Turner Phillips, 

Town Treasurer and' Collector. 

Boston May 15. 1821. The Subscribers appointed by the 
Town of Boston, on the 12 th day of March last to audit the 
accounts of the Town Treasurer and Collector, have attended to 
the duty assigned them, and find the accounts right cast and well 
vouched, and that there results a balance in favour [358] of the 
Town of eighty four thousand eight hundred seventy four Dollars 
fifty three cents, of which sum they find eighty two Thousand six 
hundred sixty one dollars, eighty four cents, now deposited in the 



214 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Manufacturers & Mechanic's Bank to the Credit of "Turner 
Phillips, Treasurer and Collector of the Town of Boston." 

Stephen Codman ~) 

Francis J. Oliver > Auditors. 

Robert G. Shaw ) 



N. 4. 



Profit and Loss 



D r 



1820 
Sept. 



15 To loss on the undermentioned Bills 
received of the Administratrix on the 
Estate of the late Treasurer Andrew 
Sigourney, Esq. deceased, & sold this 
day, conformably to the advice of 
the Sub- Committee of the Committee 
of Finance : viz : 

Castine Bank $154 at 30 p C'. 

discount 46.20 

Hall 8 . Augusta $181 at 42 

pC l . discount - - - - 76.02 

Wiscassett $209 at 45 p C*. 
discount ------ 



Novem. 
Decem. 

1821 
January 

May 



To premium on $15,351 Boston 

deposited this month 
To premium on 17,700 Boston 

deposited this month 
To premium on 77,000 Boston 

deposited this month 

To premium on 12,807 Boston 

deposited this month 
To premium on 352. Boston 

deposited this month 



94.05 
Money 
Money 
Money 




216.27 
135.51 

173.50 
738.96 

124.97 
3.52 



$1392.73 

There is now deposited in the Manufacturers & Mechanics 
Bank $82,661 ; the premium on which at seven eights per Cent 
will Amount to $723.28. 



[359.] 

1820 
Sept. 
Octo. 
Nov. 
1821. 
Jan'y 
Feb'y 



Profit and Loss ..... C r . 



By premium on $8003 drawn this Month 
By - ditto 8277 " " do 
By - ditto 649 " " do 



By 
By 



ditto 
ditto 



3000 
4882 



do 
do 



70.54 

73.04 

5.72 

26.25 
44.82 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 



215 



Mar. By - ditto 17300 drawn this do 

April By - ditto 6150 " " do 
May By - ditto 4200 " * do 

" 14. By balance to the debit of the Town of 
Boston, in account current - ... 



157.75 
53.81 
36.75 

924.05 
$1392.73 



Boston, May 14. 1821. 



Errors Excepted 

Turner Phillips, Town Treasurer 

N. 5. 



1821 
Jan'y 

May 



Interest Account - - - - D r . 

4. To Cash paid the Selectmen of Boston, 
for one year's interest on Treasurer 
Russell's Note of $1230. - - - 

14 To balance carried to the credit of the 
Town in account current - ... 



1820 
Octo. 1. 



Novem. 
Decem. 
1821. 
Jan'y 



C r . 



By Cash received of the Manufacturers 

and Mechanic's Bank for interest on 

the amount deposited in that Bank 

during the Month of September - - 

By ditto for the Month of October - - 

By ditto " do * November - 



By ditto 



do " December 

Amt carried over 



1821 
[36O.] 

February 
March 
April 
May 1. 



By Amount bro'. forward ----- 
By Interest for the Month of January - 
By ditto " " do' " February - 
By ditto " " do " March - - 
By ditto ' k " do " April - - 
By Cash rec d . for Interest on T. Badger's 

Note 

By Cash rec d . for Interest on Rea & 

Wrights Note -------- 

May 1. By Cash rec d . for Interest on Joseph 

Rowe's Note 

By Cash rec d . for Interest on W m . Tukes- 

bury's Note 



Boston May 14. 1821. 



73.80 

1495.53 
$1569.33 



29.32 
14.38 
24.47 

181.77 



$249.94 

249.94 
253.19 
244.46 
248.40 
215.11 

1.15 

109.71 
127.81 

119.56 
$1569.33 



Errors Excepted 

Turner Phillips, Town Treasurer 



216 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



N. 6. 

D r . Boylston Town Schools in Account Current with the Town of 
Boston. C r . 

1821 1820 

May To Amount to new Ac- May 22 By Balance as p r . Ac- 
count 8202.38 co unt of this date, 7738.10 

By interest on do 1 

year 464.28 



8202.38 



8202.38 



Boston May 14. 1821 Errors Excepted 

Turner Phillips, Town Treasurer. 

N. 7. 

Statement of the Debts & Credits of the Town of Boston, 
May 14. 1821. 



1821. 
May 



Town of Boston 



- D r . 



To Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

44 County of Suffolk 

44 Selectmen of Boston - - - - 
" Selectmens Drafts - - - - - 
" Overseers ditto 



21749.33 

5532.10 

1230. 

258.39 

327.99 



carr*. forward - $29097,81 



[361.] To Amount brought forward - - - 

" Boylston Town Schools - - - 
44 Unliquidated Accounts, estimated 



Balance in favor of the Town 



$29097 81 
8202 38 
3000 

40300.19 
64080.46 

$104,380.65 



1821 
May 



Town of Boston 

By Ward N. Boylston's Bond 
44 Jacob Tidd's three Notes 
44 John Hancock's do 
44 John Stuart's do 

44 Rea & Wrights do 
44 Isaac Rand Jr's do 



10.000. 

1134. 

930. 

125. 

300. 

46.20 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 217 

By J & A Hunting's do .... 40. 

" Jabez Huntings do - - - - 40. 

" W m . Tukesbury's do - - - - 390.92 
" Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

estimated -- - 5000. 

" Uncollected Taxes estimated to 

produce 1500. 

" Cash in the Treasury 84874.53 

$104380.65 

Boston May 14. 1821 Errors Excepted 

Turner Phillips, Town Treasurer 

N. 8. 

Statement of Salaries, annually paid to Town Officers 

Chairman of the Selectmen $1200 

Three Assessors $1000 each 3000 

Assistant to ditto .-. 100 

Treasurer's - 2500 

car d . forward - $6800 

[362.] Amount brought forward $6800 

Town Clerk's 1000 

Judge of Municipal court - 750 

Police Officer 900 

Clerk of the Market 800 

Secretary to the Firewards - 200 

Messenger to ditto .-.. 30 

Messenger to Selectmen 365 

10845 

School Master & Usher 25430.55 

Primary Schools 8500. 

Annual Amount of Salaries $44775.55 

th of which became due on the first day of May - 7462.59 

Amount due the Treasurer for last year - - - - 2083. 

Assistant Town Clerk 400. 



$9945.59 



Statement exhibiting the amount of Debts due from the Town 
of Boston ; the amount which will accrue for the expenditures the 
year ensuing ; the amount to be received from the various sources 
of Revenue enumerated, and the amount to be assessed upon the 
Inhabitants to pay the balance. 



218 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Amount due from the Town for State Tax of 1820 
unpaid ---------_--_ 

D. D. County Tax D. 

D. on Selectmen's drafts D. -----_- 

D. on Overseers Drafts D. ------- 

Probable Balance due on account of School House 
now building in Derne S*. ------- 



[363.] Amount brought up - - ' - - - - 

Contemplated alterations of North Schools - - - 

Estimated amount of unliquidated Accounts - - 

Amount of Treasurer Russells Note, due to the 

fund of Joanna Brooker & to be paid the ensuing 

year 



Amount due on account of Salaries to School 
Masters and other Town officers on the first of 

May 1821 by Statements N. 8 

Amount required by the Selectmen for the year 

ensuing 84,700 

D. by the School Committee - - - 36,000 

D. for Primary Schools 8,500 

D. by the board of Health - - - - 7,000 
D. by Overseers of the Poor - - - 25,000 

D to be paid by the Town for State 

Tax 22237.33 

D. County Tax 35000. 



Amount allowed for abatement of Taxes - - - 
Whole amount to be paid by the Town the year 



21749.33 

5532 10 

258 39 

327 99 

5000 

$32867 81 

32867.81 

3202.38 

3000. 



1230.- 



40300.19 



9945.59 



161200. 



57237.33 



ensuing & ending May 1. 1822 



268,683.11 
10 000. 

$278,683.11 



Balance due from the Treasurer ------ 

Amount of Rents receivable on the 1 st . of May 

1822 17,917.93 

Allowance for casualties - - - - - 917.93 



Estimated Amount of Rents that will be received 
on the 1 st May 1822 

Probable amount to be rec d from the State for 
maintenance of State Paupers ------ 

Uncollected Taxes estimated to produce - - - - 



$84,874 53 



17.000 

4.000 00 
1.500 



car* 1 . f orwar d . $107.374 53 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 219 

[364.] Amount brought forward .... $107.374 53 
Amount to be assessed on the Town to pay the 

Commonwealth Tax 22237.33 

Amount to be assessed on the Town to 

pay the County Tax 35,000. 

Amount to be assessed on the Town to 

pay the balance 114.071.25 

171.308 58 



Dollars 278.683.11 

The Committee therefore recommend that a Tax of One hun- 
dred and fifteen thousand Dollars be levied for the payment of 
the current expenses of the year ending May 1 st . 1822. which sum 
includes the sum of Ten thousand Dollars as a provision to meet 
the probable amount of abatements of Taxes. 
By order of the Committee of Finance, 

Eliphalet Williams, 

Chairman. 
Boston, June 15. 1821 

A motion to amend the Report of the Committee of Finance, by 
reducing the sum proposed to be raised to One hundred thousand 
Dollars, was negatived. 

The Report was then accepted and 

Voted, that the sum of One hundred and fifteen thousand Dollars, 
be raised by a tax, to be assessed upon the Polls & Estates of 
the Inhabitants to defray the expenses of the Town, the present 
year. 

It was also Voted, that a further sum of Three thousand 
Dollars, be raised by a Tax as [365] aforesaid, for the purpose 
of defraying the expense of lighting the Lamps through the Sum- 
mer season. 

Voted, That on the request of the Committee of Primary 
Schools, it is expedient that the sum of One thousand Dollars be 
appropriated for the establishment of a School on the System of 
mutual instruction, to be under the same regulations and control, 
as the other Public Schools of the Town. 

On motion, Voted, That the Selectmen be requested to insert 
an article in the Warrant for the next Town meeting, " To see 
if the Town will appoint a Committee, which, in conjunction with 
the Selectmen, shall take into consideration the subject of devis- 
ing measures for the celebration of the festival of Independence, 
in a manner worthy of that great event ; and as shall conduce to 
the advantage and honor of the Town and the general satisfaction 
of the Citizens." 



220 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Voted, That a Committee be appointed, who may be authorised 
in behalf of the Town of Boston, to request of the Honourable 
Court of Sessions, to furnish the town with a statement, giving 
the details of the expenditures in their department on account of 
the County ; and give such further information to the Committee, 
relative to the receipts and expenditures of money on account of 
the County, as may be necessary, or as [366] they may require 
to enable the Town to form a correct opinion in relation to their 
monied concerns ; and that said Committee report at a future 
meeting 

Mess. William Tudor 

Lewis Tappan and 
Henry J. Oliver, 
were chosen on the Committee 

Voted, Unanimously, That the thanks of the Town be pre- 
sented to Benjamin Weld Esq. for his able and faithful services, 
during the time he has executed the office of Treasurer for the 
County of Suffolk. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be requested to adopt such measures 
as they may deem expedient, to show proper respect to the U. S. 
Cadets from West Point, when they shall arrive in Town. 

Voted, That a Committee be appointed to take into considera- 
tion the subject of assessing the Town and County Taxes in a 
more equitable and legal manner, with particular reference to the 
law of 13 th . of February last, to apportion, and assess a tax for 
the year 1821 ; and that said Committee be directed to report at 
a future meeting. 

Mess 18 . Lewis Tappan Jonathan Simonds 

George Hallet Samuel Billings 

William Thurston & Abraham Wild Esq. 
were chosen on the Committee. 

[367.] The following Preamble and Resolutions, were read 
and passed by the Town viz 

Whereas, on the 22 d day of May 1820, a Petition, signed by a 
number of Inhabitants of the Town, was presented to the Select- 
men, requesting them to insert in the Warrant for calling the next 
Town meeting, the following subject, " To consider the expedi- 
ency of uniting the Offices of County and Town Treasurer;" 
and 

Whereas, the Selectmen in conformity to the said petition gave 
public notice to the Inhabitants that this, with other subjects, 
would be submitted to their consideration on the 29 th day of May, 
at a public Meeting to be holden at Faneuil Hall and 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 221 

Whereas, at the said Meeting this subject was duly considered 
and acted upon, and by the People referred to the Committee of 
Finance, with directions to consider the subject and report their 
opinions thereon at a future meeting of the Inhabitants and 

Whereas, at a legal meeting of the Inhabitants holden at Fan- 
euil Hall on the 22 nd day of June 1820. the said Committee of 
Finance reported that they had maturely considered the subject, 
and in their opinion the duties of both Offices could be performed 
by one person, and that it was proper and expedient that the two 
Offices of County and Town Treasurer should be united, and 
recommended [368] that a Committee be chosen to petition the 
Legislature, in behalf of the Town, so to alter or amend the law 
prescribing the mode of electing County Treasurer for the County 
of Suffolk, as would enable them to effect that object. and 

Whereas, the Town at the said meeting accepted the report of 
the Committee of Finance, and in conformity to the recommen- 
dation contained therein, made choice of the Selectmen as a Com- 
mittee to petition the Legislature for the necessary alteration of 
the Laws and 

Whereas the Legislature in conformity to the petition of the 
Selectmen in pursuance of the said vote, proceeded and made 
such alterations as were required, and by which the legal impedi- 
ments to the effecting of the union of the two offices were not 
only entirely removed, but a new law was enacted, and so 
constructed as to invest in the Convention, consisting of the 
Committee of Finance and the Selectmen of Chelsea, the power 
of uniting the offices in one person. and 

Whereas, after the several decisions of the Town, the Com- 
mittee of Finance and the Legislature, in favor of the measure, 
the Committee of Finance, at a meeting on the 15 th day of May 
last past, proceeded again to discuss the " propriety and expedi- 
ency of the measure," and appointed a Committee for this pur- 
pose and 

[369.] Whereas, at a subsequent Meeting of the said Com- 
mittee, the yeas and nays were taken on the question, whether it 
was " proper and expedient to unite the offices of County and 
Town Treasurer and Collector," which was determined in the 
affirmative, there being Sixteen yeas and Eleven nays, and 

Whereas, at a Meeting of the said Committee, on the first day 
of June last past a motion was made to reconsider the vote by 
which it was decided to be " proper and expedient" to unite the 
two offices, which motion was determined by yeas and nays, and 
passed in the negative, Sixteen Nays and twelve Yeas and 



222 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Whereas the said Committee, at a meeting of the first day of 
June last past, considered and fixed the sum that ought to be 
allowed and paid as a Salary to the Town Treasurer & Collector, 
having in view the intention of electing him to the office of 
County Treasurer ; and on motion made and lost for the Sums of 
Twenty five hundred Dollars and Twenty two hundred Dollars, 
the sum of Two thousand Dollars was voted and 

Whereas, in execution of the foregoing votes and proceedings, 
the Chairman of the Committee of Finance was directed publicly 
to advertise for applications from such persons as were desirous 
to perform the duties of those offices, and on inquiry of the 
applicants to inform them that the Salary was fixt [3 7O] at Thirty 
five hundred Dollars for the performance of the duties of both 
offices : And whereas a meeting of the County Convention was 
holden on the 11 th day of June last past, for the election of a 
County Treasurer, which being effected, the Town Convention 
consisting of the Committee of Finance, proceeded to elect a 
Town Treasurer & Collector ; and in violation of their own votes 
and decisions, the votes and decisions of the Town, in direct 
opposition to the opinions and wishes of the people, and in utter 
disregard to the interest of the Town and County, they elected a 
different person to this office, thereby separating the two offices, 
by choosing two persons to fill them, one on a Salary of Twenty 
five hundred Dollars, and the other at a Salary of Fifteen hun- 
dred Dollars : thus preserving at an increased expense, a state 
of things which it had been solemnly and repeatedly determined 
to be " proper and expedient " to destroy and 

Whereas, by these extraordinary and anomalous proceedings, 
the said Committee have by their conduct evinced a marked dis- 
respect to the People, an utter disregard to their interest, a total 
want of respect to themselves in their official capacity, and have 
thereby degraded the dignity of the stations in which they have 
been placed by the public voice Therefore 

Resolved as the sense of the Town, that they highly disapprove 
of the proceedings of the Committee of Finance, and that, in the 
opinion of the [371] Town, a Board, or such parts of it as 
have been instrumental in thus defeating the intentions of the 
People, are unworthy of public trust and confidence. 

Resolved, That it is proper that measures be taken to guard 
against the reccurrence of effects of a similar nature, and that the 
people be not defeated in their intentions, by agents in whom 
they have confided the trust of carrying their purposes into 
execution, that a Committee be chosen to frame such regulations 
and to recommend such measures, as they may deem most 
proper to produce the intended effect and that they be desired to 
report at a future meeting. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 223 

The following Gentlemen were appointed a Committee agree- 
ably to the last Resolution viz 

Stephen Codman Esq. M r . Jonathan Simonds 

Thomas Badger Isaac Winslow Esq. 

William Thurston M r . Lewis Tappan and 

M r . Daniel Carney Henry J. Oliver Esq. 
Benjamin Weld Esq. 

The Meeting was then Dissolved. 



[372.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, holden at Faneuil Hall, on 
Wednesday, the 4 th day of July 1821. at nine o'clock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 
Benjamin Russell Esq r , was chosen Moderator. 

The Committee appointed the last year to make choice of a 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration, on the Anniversary of Inde- 
pendence, Reported, That they had chosen Charles G. Loring 
Esq r . who had accepted the appointment. 

Adjourned to meet at the Old South Church, at 12 o'clock M. 

Met at the Old South Church, according to adjournment, 
where an Oration was delivered by Charles G. Loring Esq. to 
commemorate the Independence of the United States of America. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be, and hereby are appointed a 
Committee to wait on Charles G. Loring Esq. in the name of 
the Town, and thank him for the elegant and spirited Oration 
this day delivered by him at the request of the Town, upon the 
Anniversary of American Independence, in which were considered 
the feelings, manners and principles which produced the great 
national event, and to request of him a Copy for the press. 

[373.] Voted, that the Gentlemen Selectmen be, and hereby 
are appointed a Committee, to apply to some able and learned 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 4 th day of July 1822. 
That day being the Anniversary of the Independence of the 
United States of America, wherein the Orator, is to consider the 
feelings, manners and principles which led to this great National 
event, and the important and happy effects which have already, or 
will forever flow from that auspicious Epoch. 

The Meeting was then Dissolved 

Attest Thomas Clark, Town Clerk 



224 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

[374.] At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, holden at Faneuil Hall, on Tuesday 
the 25 th day of September A.D. 1821. at 10 o'clock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting, read 
Francis J. Oliver Esq. was chosen Moderator. 

The Petition of Edmund Winchester and others, " that the 
Town would take into consideration the expediency of rescinding 
a Vote passed on the sixth day of June last, by which Hackney 
Coaches were to be prohibited from standing on the Streets." 
was read : Whereupon a motion was made and seconded, that 
the Town rescind their vote, which prohibits Hackney Coaches 
standing in the streets ; the question being put, it passed in the 
negative. 

The Committee appointed on the second day of July last, to 
take into consideration certain proceedings of the Committee of 
Finance of the Town, relative to the election of County and Town 
Treasurer, and ' ' to frame such regulations and recommend such 
measures as they may deem most proper to carry into effect cer- 
tain previous votes of the Town, declaring it expedient that these 
two offices should be united " ; having attended to the business 
assigned them, ask leave to report in part. 

That in order to form a correct opinion of [375] the conduct 
of the Committee of Finance, in the election of County and Town 
Treasurers, they have examined the Acts of the Legislature, from 
whence they derived their authority, and also the proceedings of 
the two Conventions of County and Town, which by these acts 
are constituted for the express purpose of electing these officers. 
By the Law passed the 13 th day of February 1821. the Com- 
mittee of Finance, together with the Selectmen of the town of 
Chelsea, were authorised to meet in Convention on the second 
Monday in June annually, and elect by ballot, a County Treas- 
urer ; to decide upon the compensation he should receive for his 
services, and the Bonds he should give for the faithful discharge 
of the duties of his office. By the Law passed the 16 th of June 
1813. the Committee of Finance were empowered to meet in 
Convention in the months of June or July annually and elect a 
Town Treasurer, and direct as to the bonds to be given by him. 
Under the authority derived from the Legislature, the County 
Convention met on the day appointed by law to elect a County 
Treasurer. It must be apparent that they acted as a body con- 
stituted by the Legislature solely for that purpose and inde- 
pendent of any Municipal instructions which a part of that 
Convention, in another character might have received from the 
Town of Boston ; and which if it had the right to give, the Town 
of Chelsea had the same, for the Inhabitants of each town are 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 225 

equally eligible to this Office, and the [376] motive would be 
equally justifiable in one Town as the other to unite the two 
offices ; the effect of such partial and conflicting instructions, in 
case the County should be composed of many towns, might be to 
enlist local feelings and interest in the election. But aside from 
this consideration, and allowing a part of that Convention, acting 
as a Committee of Finance from the town of Boston to be 
instructed to unite the two offices of County and Town Treasurer, 
this could not be effected 'till a County Treasurer had been first 
chosen, the town Convention having no other authority than that 
of electing a Town Treasurer, and of course none to unite these 
offices in one person, an effect which could be brought about by 
them only by waiting until the County Convention had made 
choice of their Treasurer, and then, as a Town Convention elect- 
ing the same person to the office of Town Treasurer, and thus 
accomplishing the purposes of the town as expressed in their 
votes. It will be equally apparent, that under such circum- 
stances, the two bodies being independent of each other, the design 
of uniting the two offices could be effected only by the Conven- 
tion acting with a mutual knowledge of each others designs, and 
a certainty that the person who should be elected to fill one office 
would agree to accept and discharge the duties of both. Had the 
County Convention elected a person for County Treasurer, who 
would have been, in the opinion of the Committee of Finance 
[377] an improper person to elect to fill the more responsible 
office of Town Treasurer and of course to fill both offices, it 
would have been clearly impi-acticable in the latter body to have 
effected this Union, without joining them in an individual incom- 
petent to so arduous and responsible a station and thus obeying 
the letter while they disregarded the spirit of their instructions 
from the Town ; it not being pretended that the town was 
resolved to unite the two offices in any [person even^j the most 
incompetent candidate that should offer, but that if a suitable 
person should be found, capable of filling both offices, and willing 
to accept, they should be united. That the Committee of Finance 
carried into effect the wishes of the Town, as far as in their opinion, 
prudence would warrant, will, it is believed, appear from a plain 
statement of Facts. 

From the records of the County Convention, we find, that at 
the Meeting held, as was before observed, on the second Monday 
in June, they proceeded to elect a County Treasurer ; that the 
Gentleman who has filled the office of Town Treasurer with so 
much general satisfaction, was chosen and a Sub-Committee 
was appointed to notify him of his election, and at the same 
time to inform him, that it was the intention of the Committee of 
Finance to unite the two offices, but he declined accepting the 
appointment in consequence of the proposed union. This Con- 
vention, after directing the Chairman to advertise in [378] 
the public Papers for any person disposed to accept the two 
offices to make application for the same, adjourned to a day suffi- 



226 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

ciently distant to give time for this notice and application to be 
made The notice was given, and eight persons applied. The 
Convention at their adjourned meeting proceeded to elect a 
County Treasurer from among the applicants ; but so great was 
the difference of opinion, that five ballotings were given, before 
any one received a majority of votes, and then only fifteen out 
of twenty eight. The Gentleman chosen accepted, gave satis- 
factory bonds and was qualified for the office. After these pro- 
ceedings of the County Convention, the Committee of Finance 
held their meeting for the choice of Town Treasurer, and to use 
their own language, "were placed under very peculiar circum- 
stances at the time, because, while a majority were desirous to 
unite the two offices, they had no alternative but to elect a person 
wholly unacquainted with town accounts, or to separate the two 
offices. They preferred the latter course, in which they were 
more united than in any previous vote, for on the first ballot, the 
present Town Treasurer received twenty votes out of twenty 
eight votes for that office and the County Treasurer but three 
votes. That the Committee, in this final proceeding, " acted 
conscientiously and with a sincere desire to promote the best in- 
terest of the town," will not, it is believed, be doubted, although 
the wishes [379] of the town for a union were not literally com- 
plied with. Could or would the Town have acted differently, if 
placed in circumstances similar to those of their Committee? 

From an impartial examination and mature consideration of 
all the proceedings above detailed, and the laws authorizing them, 
this Committee cannot but regret the late vote of censure upon 
the Committee of Finance, who have served the town gratui- 
tously for a number of years with credit to themselves, and benefit 
to the town ; a vote which they think, would not have been 
passed, if the Town had been more fully acquainted with the 
whole proceedings in the election of County and Town Treasurer, 
and the provisions of the statute laws relative thereto. Your 
Committee therefore respectfully recommend, that the preamble 
and resolve of the town, passed at the Meeting on the second day 
of July last, so far as they censure the Committee of Finance be 
reconsidered, and expunged from the records of the town, and 
not left to be handed down to posterity as a lasting censure upon 
so deserving and respectable a body of our fellow Citizens. 
And your Committee, ask leave to sit again, for the purpose of 
reporting, on the latter part of their Commission, viz "the 
measures most proper to be taken to guard against the recur- 
rence of effects of a similar nature." 

By order of the Committee 

Stephen Codman, chairman 

[38O.] The foregoing Report was read and accepted, and it 
was voted, that Committee have leave to sit again, and that the 
report they may make be printed and distributed among the 
Inhabitants to be acted upon at the adjournment of this 
Meeting. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 227 

The Committee appointed by the Town of Boston July 2 nd . 
1821. " To take into consideration the subject of assessing the 
Town & County Taxes in a more equitable and legal manner ; 
with particular reference to the law of February 13 th last, to 
apportion and assess a tax for the year 1821." have attended to 
that duty and present to the Town the following 

Report. 

There is no subject, in the municipal concerns of the town, 
which excites more interest than that of Taxation. 

tt is a ground of general complaint and uneasiness ; and those 
upon whom it seems to touch most lightly are often the loudest 
in remonstrance, and most eager in evasion. 

The Committee have turned their attention, First, to ascertain 
if there were any legal defects in the system of taxation, /Second, 
if the assessing of taxes was attended with any abuses and the 
grounds of complaint among the citizens; third to [381] see 
if any remedies could be provided to make the levying more equal 
and just, and to remove all cause of dissatisfaction on the part of 
any portion of the Citizens. 

1. The Committee have examined the laws and find that the 
Treasurer of the Commonwealth is directed annually to send his 
Warrant to the Selectmen or assessors of each town, requiring 
them to assess the sum with which each town stands charged in 
the schedule made every tenth year by the Valuation Committee 
of the State ; to tax each male poll, above the age of sixteen 
years at 'fourteen cents, and the remainder of such sum charged 
as aforesaid, to assess upon the respective inhabitants thereof, 
according to the value of the real estate therein, possessed or 
owned, by each of them, and the amount of their respective per- 
sonal estates. It is thus that the law provides for the assessing 
of the State Tax. 

The same law authorizes the Justices of the court of Sessions, 
in the respective Counties, to apportion the County Tax on the 
several towns according to the proportion at which they are rated 
in the Schedule aforesaid. The law provides also that the Town 
Taxes may be levied and collected according to a valuation to be 
taken in any town at any time of the year which the Inhabitants 
at a legal meeting to be learned for the purpose may determine to 
be necessary. 

The existing laws are wisely framed, embrace [382] every 
suitable subject of taxation, and give ample authority to assessors 
in the discharge of their duty. It appears then only necessary 
that they should be impartially and firmly enforced to secure the 
chief objects desired. The Committee are unable to percieve any 
defect except the law not making real property liable for the 
taxes assessed upon it. 

In Cases where estates are mortgaged for their full value, and 
the mortgager has no other property but retains the possession, 
the taxes must be assessed upon the insolvent owner, and in 
default of his paying them they cannot be collected. 



228 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

The Committee learn that several very valuable estates have 
been, and stll are, in this predicament, and no tax can be col- 
lected of the owners in possession. 

2 nd Two assistant Assessors are annually chosen in each of the 
twelve Wards of the town, by the Freeholders ; and in conven- 
tion three principal Assessors are chosen by them to perform the 
duty required by law, with the aid afforded by the Assistants. 
Accompanied by the Assistant Assessors of the Ward the Assess- 
ors visit every dwelling therein to take the Polls and the real 
estates, appraising them at their supposed cash value, and assess- 
ing the Taxes upon the occupant when he is responsible. After- 
wards, the Assessors, by advertising in all the news papers, call 
upon the Inhabitants to return [383] lists of all their personal 
property. In very few instances is this requisition complied 
with. The Assessors then proceed, with the aid of the Assistants 
to estimate or doom the Inhabitants for their personal property 
according to the best information they can obtain and their own 
judgment. When this duty is completed they again publicly 
call upon the inhabitants to examine the assessments at their 
office. The invitation is generally neglected. In proper time 
the lists are committed to the Collector, who sends Tax bills to 
the dwellings of all the inhabitants. For two years the whole 
Board of Assistant Assessors has assembled to revise the doom- 
ing made by the ward assessors, and the beneficial effects of this 
measure have been apparent. Such is the practice of levying 
the taxes. The Committee are of opinion that the principal 
Assessors for the time being are competent for the discharge 
of their duty and desirous to perform it with fidelity and impar- 
tiality, but that they have given too much latitude to the author- 
ity to abate taxes. The law authorises them to abate taxes in 
certain specified cases. The Finance Committee of the town 
annually report that the sum of ten thousand Dollars be raised 
in addition to the estimated amount of the disbursements, to pro- 
vide for abatements which have usually amounted to about that 
sum The Board of Assessors a year since passed a vote recom- 
mending that no abatements should be made by the principal 
assessors unless the Assistants for the Ward in which the com- 
plainant lived [383] should concur in the measure. The 
consequence of this judicious vote has been that the abatements 
of the last year but little exceeded six thousand dollars. The 
Committee are of opinion that further checks can and ought to be 
made on this authority to abate taxes. They find that opulent 
citizens do not hesitate to exert persevering personal application 
to the Assessors until they obtain reductions of their taxes. 
The language of the law is imperative. "If there be any per- 
sons who by reason of age, infirmity or poverty may be unable 
to contribute towards the public charges in the judgment of the 
assessors they may exempt the Polls and Estates of such persons 
or abate any part of what they are assessed at, as said assessors 
may think just and equitable." The Committee are of opinion 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 229 

that after publicly requiring the inhabitants to hand in lists of 
their property ; after inviting them to examine their assessments ; 
and the lists are handed to the collector; the Assessors should 
adhere to the strict letter of the law, and make no abatements 
unless in cases specified, viz, " age, infirmity or poverty." 

One ground of complaint has been that many rich inhabitants 
leave town the last of April to take a temporary residence in the 
Country on the first of May where by an agreement with such 
places, or otherwise, they pay but a small proportion of the sum 
they would be liable for if they continued in town, and escape all 
asesssments [384] upon their personal property in this town, 
where they reside the greatest part of the year. While many 
honorable exceptions exist to this practice, the Committee cannot 
but reprobate this conduct in those who are guilty of it. It is 
avoiding paying a just quota of the taxes which are assessed for 
the protection of these persons and their property, for the 
education of their children, and the support of all those valuable 
institutions which do honour to the town, and of which such 
citizens have their full benefit. 

Of similar character are the threats often used to remove from 
town if taxes are not lessened, and even by some who have 
amassed large property by residing in a place towards which they 
are so ungrateful. The vote of the town passed last May, 
directing the Assessors henceforward to assess Taxes for per- 
sonal property upon the inhabitants who have residence in town 
the first Tuesday in February annually will, it is believed, check 
these abuses and oblige all to pay their reasonable proportion of 
the burden of the town and County taxes or take up their 
permanent residence in other places. 

Another complaint to a considerable degree well founded is, 
that the richer classes of inhabitants are not proportion ably 
taxed with those of smaller property. The fact is clear that in 
the ratio of a person's ability to pay taxes he is practically 
exempted from the weight of taxation. [385] So apparent is 
this fact that seldom does a complainant aver that he is taxed 
more than his proportion of the aggregate of town and county 
taxes. This complaint is that he is unequally taxed in proportion 
to those who are as rich or richer. To remedy as far as possible 
this real evil many are desirous that the monied institutions in 
the Town should be taxed in their corporate capacities. The 
Committee are however of opinion that such a proceeding would 
be illegal and unjust. The Tax Act directs Assessors to "assess 
upon the respective inhabitants " only ; and gives no authority to 
assess upon incorporated companies. The same Act requires the 
Assessors to assess upon the inhabitants according to the pro- 
portion of the amount of their respective personal estate, includ- 
ing " all Sank Stock or shares in any other incorporated Com- 



230 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

pany possessing taxable property, according to the just value 
thereof." In dooming therefore, the Assessors include all the 
Stocks owned by the inhabitants, and were the monied institu- 
tions to be taxed, the Stockholders would pay a double tax. 

The great cause of dissatisfaction and complaint, among the 
inhabitants, it is repeated, is that the taxes are not assessed in 
proportion to the pi'operty liable to be taxed. The Committee 
are aware that it is impossible to have a perfect system ; that 
many will escape [386] owing to their property being under- 
valued ; that some will pay an unequal proportion, on account of 
their property being overestimated, and that mistakes and false 
judgments, incident to all, will occasionally operate. They are 
of opinion that the great body of the inhabitants, when they con- 
sider that all our taxes are imposed by officers of their own 
annual choice ; that the amount of them is small compared with 
taxes of other large towns in this country, and almost nothing in 
comparison with the heavy taxes of other countries ; that the 
amount raised is applied to so valuable purposes ; that the duty 
of assessing is an arduous one, and the aim of the Assessors to 
do their duty impartially, will cheerfully submit to the operation 
of a system, which if imperfect can be rendered more perfect by 
themselves. 

The Committee submit to the consideration of the Town the 
following votes which they recommend for adoption. 

Voted, That previous to the annual assessments being defini- 
tively determined, the whole Board of Assistant Assessors and 
Principal Assessors shall assemble to revise the dooming of all 
the inhabitants whose taxable property shall exceed the sum of 
two thousand dollars. 

Voted, That after such revision no alteration shall be made 
unless the Assistant Assessors, [387] for the Ward in which the 
person taxed shall reside, shall be present and concur with the 
principal Assessors in making such alterations ; and provided 
that the complainant shall previously render a list of all his per- 
sonal property on oath, to said Assessors. 

Voted, That the Assessors be directed to make no abatement of 
Taxes, after the lists are committed to the Treasurer and Col- 
lector, unless in the cases specified by law, viz age, infirmity or 
poverty. 

Voted, That the Assessors be directed to assess upon the 
amount of what they deem each taxable inhabitants personal 
property to be. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be a Committee to take into con- 
sideration the propriety of applying to the Legislature to insert a 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 231 

clause in the next tax act making the specific real estates liable 
for all taxes levied thereon ; and that said Committee make such 
application, on behalf of the Town, if they shall judge the same 
to be expedient. 

For the Committee 

Lewis Tappan 

The foregoing Report was read and Accepted. 

[388.] The Committee appointed to apply to the Court of 
Sessions, for a Statement, giving the details of the expenses of 
the County of Suffolk: made a Report, which was read and 
ordered to be printed for the information of the inhabitants ; 
to be acted upon at the adjournment. 

Adjourned to Monday 22 d . October, at 10 o'clock A.M. 

Boston October 22 d . 1821 
Met according to adjournment, 10 o'clock A.M. 

The two following Reports, which had been printed, and distrib- 
uted among the Inhabitants, were read viz 

The Committee appointed at the Meeting of the second day of 
July last, and " authorized in behalf of the Town of Boston, to 
request of the Honorable Court of Sessions, to furnish the Town 
with a Statement, giving the details of the expenditures in their 
department on account of the County ; and give such further 
information to the Committee relative to the receipts and expend- 
itures on account of the County, as may be necessary, or as they 
may require to enable the Town to form a correct opinion in 
relation to their monied [389] concerns." Ask leave respect- 
fully to Report : 

That they have attended to the execution of the above duty by 
addressing a letter under date of July 10 th to the Honorable 
Court of Sessions, giving a Copy of the vote of the Town, to 
which they have received no answer. In conversation afterwards 
with one of the Justices of the said Court, he informed the Com- 
mittee, that as the Court was not appointed by the authority of 
the Town, it could not without impropriety render an account of 
its doings to them, and like all other public officers could be 
amenable [only] to those by whom they were appointed. At the 
same time this Gentleman observed that the Court had no wish to 
conceal any of the affairs under their charge, and that the Commit- 
tee might obtain a knowledge of all the monies received and 
disbursed by the Court, by inquiry of the County Treasurer and 
that he should be very willing to give any information in his 
power which might be necessary to enable the Committee to 
understand these accounts. 



232 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Your Committee then addressed themselves, to the County 
Treasurer, and found from him that all the accounts previously 
settled, up to the recent period of his coming into office, were 
filed at the Clerk's office in the County Court House. After some 
examination of different Accounts, the Committee thought it 
would [39O] answer the views of the Town, in part, to exhibit 
one of these accounts ; they therefore made a copy of the Treas- 
urer's general account for 1820, which is herewith submitted, 
and on which they will offer a few remarks. 

The total of this account is much larger than those of common 
years, as will be also that of 1821, which is owing to the erection 
of the new County Prison. The Committee did not deem it their 
dut} T to inquire especially into this expenditure. They may how- 
ever, congratulate the County on the erection of a prison which 
will relieve it from reproach, to which the defects of the present 
prison have long exposed it The new buildings seem to be con- 
structed in the most substantial manner, on the most improved 
plans, and as they are superintended by a very capable architect 
will no doubt be faithfully executed. The County besides has a 
further security, that every thing relating to this prison will be 
transacted with the greatest prudence and fidelity, as it appears 
by the accounts of the Court of Sessions that three gentlemen are 
paid as agents for superintending it. 

So far as the Committee have been able to ascertain, the ordi- 
nary expenses of the County are between thirty and forty thou- 
sand dollars annually, and the Committee think the best service 
they can render, is to call the earnest attention [391] of the 
Town to the principal object of this expenditure. It will be seen 
by the Treasurer's account for 1820, that without including any 
part of the eleventh item, the sum of $29071.76 was charged for 
courts and magistrates ; to this article may be added the salaries 
of Judge of the Municipal Court, and the Police Officer, paid at 
the Town Treasury, amounting to $1650, which added to the 
former will make an expense of $30,721.76, for the purposes 
almost exclusively of police and criminal jurisdiction ; without 
mentioning the sums paid for the Town Watch and employ of 
Constables by the Selectmen. It will be recollected that this 
expense is independent of what is paid under the jurisdiction of 
the United States for criminal purposes ; and that after conviction 
for heavy offences, the culprit is transferred to the State prison. 
It would seem then obvious that there must be some waste in this 
part of our expenditure. 

The character of the Courts, and the Officers, as well as the 
entire publicity of their transactions render it unnecessary to 
look for any useless expense, except to that branch of the magis- 
tracy who do not enjoy the advantage of the last of these circum- 
stances, the entire publicity of their transactions. The item for 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 233 

44 Justices, Sheriffs, Constables, &c. amounting to $18700.77. 
appeared to your Committee to be the one that most required in- 
vestigation ; but in attempting to make it, they [392] found 
themselves checked in the outset, by a want of the Schedules, 
particularizing the annual charges made by these Justices against 
the County, all of which for several years past have been taken 
out of the files, and the Committee have not been able to find 
them. 

But in the files of the first part of the present year, appertain- 
ing to the account of Mr. Weld, the late County Treasurer 
settled when he left the office ; which account is for a period of 
four months and a half only, the schedule of a similar item, is 
to be found. By this it appears that for this period the sum 
paid to the Justices of the Peace amounted to $3414. , and 
taking the same proportion for twelve months it would be $9104. 
Of the two highest of these charges, the first amounts to 
$737.23, which at the same rate for a year would be $1965.95, 
and the second to $620.30, which at the same rate for a year 
would be $1654.13. The receipts of Constables are not very far 
short of that of the Magistrates, though the number of the 
former is nearly double. It will be recollected that these charges 
of Magistrates and Constables, paid by the public, are only for 
the costs that the individuals are not able to pay. The aggregate 
therefore received from the community in their individual and 
corporate capacities must be a very considerable amount. Now 
without imputing blame to any individual, the Committee would 
suggest that this inferior department of Justice seems liable to 
many [394*] objections under its present system ; that the im- 
mediate expence is perhaps one of the least of its evils, and that 
the honor and interests of the County render a different organi- 
zation of it, a subject of very urgent importance. 

Your Committee may perhaps be satisfied, that they have done 
all that was required of them ; yet they would have added a few 
remarks on some details of minor consequence, which might 
require some correction, but as they found in the course of their 
enquiries, that another Committee had preceded them, on the 
same ground, and were to make their report at the same time, 
they were apprehensive they might be troubling the Town 
with a repetition of the same facts, and will therefore only add 
to this report a very few remarks that arose incidentally from the 
subject of their inquiry. The County of Suffolk is composed of 
the towns of Boston and Chelsea, the contributions from which 
towns for 1821, is stated as follows : 

Boston $25,332.52 

Chelsea 187.63 



$25,520.15 



* Pages of original record book numbered incorrectly, number 393 being omitted. 



234 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

By which it appears that the Town of Boston, with the exception 
of a very small fraction, pays the whole expense of the County; 
and yet the authority that receives and disburses the whole of this 
money is not accountable to the Town. But the circumstance that 
the Court of Sessions is not accountable to the Town, [395] is 
not the only disadvantage arising to the Citizens from its jurisdic- 
tion ; but the concurrent authority, without concert which they hold 
with the Selectmen in expending the Taxes of the Town, for the 
County is virtually the same thing, must often occasion loss and 
inconvenience. A single case may be cited to exemplify this. 
In October 1820, 10,000 dollars were borrowed under the author- 
ity of the Court of Sessions, payable in four years at 5 PCent. 
interest, payable semi-annually, and other sums have been bor- 
rowed since,* at 5 Per cent, while at the same, or nearly the same 
periods, that these sums were borrowed for the use of the Town 
as a County, the Town, as a Town, had money lying in the banks 
to meet demands, for which they only received three Per cent, 
interest : which interest however, the Committee are pleased in 
remarking is an advantage recently secured to the Town, for 
until the past year, the Town received no interest on its de- 
posits. 

Another disadvantage arising from this kind [396] of double 
government, arises under the head of Licenses. By the present 
regulations, the application is made to the Selectmen ; if they 
approbate the petition, it goes to the Court of Sessions who grant 
the license ; but as they do not make regular returns to the Select- 
men, there is an uncertainty with regard to persons licensed, and 
many retailers of spirits evade the laws requiring licenses. 

From a consideration of these circumstances, and of others of 
less importance, that might have been enumerated ; from a per- 
suasion that great improvements may be made and much un- 
necessary expense be saved in the department of petty criminal 
jurisdiction, the Committee are induced to recommend that the 
following vote should be passed by the Town : 

Voted, That a Committee of seven gentlemen be appointed, 
who shall be directed to inquire into the expediency of giving 
the same limits to the Town and County ; to ascertain whether 
the Court of Sessions cannot be modified or abolished ; and to 
propose a system for the consideration of a future meeting, 
whereby greater unity in administration, more direct responsibility 
for expenditures, and more exact economy in the expenses of 
Town and County may be effected. 

W. Tudor, Per order. 

* The amount of borrowed money which the County owes at the present time Is 
65.186.37-lOOths. in addition to which the Treasurer informs the Committee he expects 
shortly to b.orrow a further sum of 10,000 dollars, making the whole amount of the 
County Debt, Seventy five thousand, one hundred and eighty six dollars, and thirty 
seven cents. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 235 

[397.] Additional Report of the Committee upon the sub- 
ject of uniting the two offices of County and Town Treasurer. 

In attending to the remaining part of the business committed 
to them, viz. "To frame regulations and to reeommend such 
measures as may be deemed most proper to carry into effect the 
votes of the Town for the union of the two offices of County and 
Town Treasurer the Committee ask leave to Report : 

Having explained the temporary obstacles which were opposed 
to the desired union of the two offices the past year, they 
conceive it their duty to point out those which will probably 
operate hereafter as permanent ones. The first which presents 
itself is, that the County being composed of two Towns, two 
distinct sets of books become necessary for the different accounts 
of the county treasurer and the treasurer of the town of Boston. 
The second which the}' think necessary to enumerate, and which 
has operated as a strong ground of objection to the acceptance of 
the offices by one person, and will so continue to operate under 
the present arrangement of the county business, arises from the 
numerous accounts quarterly and yearly brought against the 
County for expenses incurred by those criminal prosecutions 
which originate in justice courts. The fees arising upon these 
[398] prosecutions are always a charge upon and paid by the 
. County, whenever the defendants are acquitted, and whenever 
upon their conviction, they are unable to pay. The last obstacle 
to the desired union will be found in the fact, that all the pecu- 
niary concerns of the County are under the sole control and 
direction of the court of sessions, composed of five judges, who 
are not accountable to the two towns, of which the county is 
composed, for any of their proceedings, have the sole and exclu- 
sive authority to direct the county treasurer in all the business of 
his office, and to call him to account for all monies collected by 
taxes, or borrowed by their authority on the credit of the county. 
The obstacles alluded to by the Committee might be removed. 
1 st By erecting Boston into an independent county, and thereby 
rendering two sets of books for town and county treasurer 
unnecessary. 2 nd By rendering the county accounts under this 
new arrangement still less multifarious and less burthensome on 
the new treasurer ; which might be effected by transferring the 
present criminal jurisdiction now exercised by our justices of the 
peace to a more independent and efficient criminal court, and also 
by totally abolishing the present court of sessions and vesting its 
authority, partly in the Selectmen, and partly in the proposed 
new criminal court, as hereafter suggested. 

[399.] As to the benefits which either Boston or Chelsea 
derives from being united in one County, none are apparent, but 
the disadvantages are very evident. The amount paid by Chelsea 
towards the county tax is so very small, that to Boston it can be 



236 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

no relief, for out of $30.000, the Tax for 1820, Chelsea paid but 
$231.60. On the part of Chelsea no benefit arises, by its being 
connected with the County of Suffolk, unless the inhabitants 
prefer attending court as jurymen, to staying at home, (which we 
cannot presume) for if it was annexed to the county of Essex or 
Middlesex, the call for jurymen would not be made but half so 
often, and the number of courts would not be half so many to 
attend, as at present, while connected with Boston. 

If the town of Boston should become a county by itself, 
the Committee of Finance might then be authorized to choose 
one treasurer, to discharge the duties now performed by two, 
provided those duties can be so simplified as to remove the objec- 
tions to the acceptance of this office, and the difficulties in per- 
forming the business can be avoided. The erection of Boston 
into a county by itself, would not only facilitate the contemplated 
union of the two offices in manner above suggested, but would 
be attended with other advantages to the town of no small 
importance. The contemplated alterations would lessen the 
expenses of the town in many other [4OO] respects, besides the 
saving to be made by the union of the two offices in one. That 
the expenses of the county of Suffolk are at present enormous, 
will appear by an examination of the account hereto annexed, 
N. 1 . which is copied from the official return, made by the court 
of Sessions to the office of the Secretary of State in January, 
1821 Of the items which makeup the different amounts con- 
tained in schedule N. 3, we could not obtain full and satisfactory 
information, but have received enough to authorize- a belief that 
much the largest part arises directly, or in consequence of the 
present administration of the criminal and penal code of laws, on 
prosecutions which originate in our justice courts. That abuses 
exist, which, if not a perversion of justice, border upon it, under 
the forms of law, has been for a long time believed and regretted, 
by those who have an opportunity of knowing the number of war- 
rants which have been issued by justices, and the trifling causes 
of complaint upon which they have been founded. If to the 
large item of $18700.77 contained in schedule N. 3, we add 
that part of the expenses which are charged in N. 11, amounting 
to $3,543.52, paid to the Sheriff for dieting prisoners from the 
first of May to the 31 st of October 1820, or six months, we 
think the present enormous expenses of the county cannot but be 
apparent, although we should make due allowance for part of 
these expenses which are paid by the State. 

[4O1.J We had intended to give a more minute detail ; 
which we presume could be found in the schedules referred to in 
the above account, and to separate those charges which fall 
wholly on the county, from those paid by the state, but could not 
find them, either at the office of the secretary of State, where 
copies ought to have been left of the clerk of the Court of 
Sessions, or of that of the County Treasurer, where they should 
be deposited and kept. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 237 

When it is considered, that many justices of the peace in this 
county depend upon the fees of their offices for subsistence, that 
the power to issue warrants at their discretion is vested in them 
by law, as well as the authority to convict, acquit or bind over 
delinquents ; that they are subject to no effectual control for the 
abuse of their discretionary authority, (though a general con-vic- 
tion exists that it is abused;) that their charges are sanctioned 
by statute law, and their full amount will eventually be paid by 
the county, if delinquents prove unable ; it would be reposing 
a degree of confidence in human weakness which experience will 
by no means justify, to expect, that all this unrestrained power 
will not be abused, or that such strong motives of interest per- 
petually operating, as temptations to misconduct, will be success- 
fully resisted. It cannot be expected that under such a system 
of things, prosecutions [4O2] will be discouraged, but rather 
encouraged and promoted. The consequence is, and will continue 
to be, an enormous expense to the county, and an increasing bur- 
then upon its treasurer, upon whom devolves the whole duty of 
discharging these numerous demands. It is only by appointing 
some of the most respectable and virtuous of our fellow-citizens 
with authority to hold exclusive original cognizance of all crim- 
inal matters, now cognizable by justices of the peace, with fixed 
salaries, that these evils can be remedied ; which are as much the 
bane of society, as an unnecessary and great charge upon the 
county. It is confidently believed, that the fees established by 
law, would be sufficient to defray all the expenses of this court, 
over and above those paid by the county, and if not, the 
deficiency would be several thousands of dollars less, than is now 
paid out of the county treasury, to justices, constables, &c &c. 

The other advantages to be derived from the proposed change, 
would arise from making those who manage the pecuniary con- 
cerns of the county, more amenable to those whose agents they 
are, and whose money they expend. A great saving in the an- 
nual expenses of the county might be effected by a more direct 
accountability of its agents to their constituents, We have 
stated that the court of sessions, in which is vested by law, all 
the management [4O3] of the pecuniary concerns of the county, 
are but nominally accountable to any body of men. Although 
they are bound to render annually to the Legislature an account 
of their expenditures of the past year and an estimate of the 
probable amount of the ensuing, before they can obtain a resohe 
authorizing them to levy a tax on the county ; yet it is too noto- 
rious to be doubted that little investigation is usually made, and 
for this obvious reason, that the Legislature is not required to 
make provision for the payment of county expenses, otherwise 
than by passing a resolve authorising the tax to be levied, 
which is usually for the amount required; as no complaint is 
made by the people, it is undoubtedly taken for granted that the 
estimate of the court of sessions is right, the sum asked for 
wanted, and therefore leave is granted to lay a tax to raise it. 



238 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

How much this legislative authority of superintending the ses- 
sions accounts, is exercised for the benefit of the county, may 
appear from comparing the estimates of the expenses of 1821, 
with those actually incurred in 1820, which is also annexed, 
N. 2. 

In this estimate for Justices' fees, chargeable to the County 
for 1821, there appears charged but $3000 ; when the amount 
actually paid to one Justice between February and October, 
1820, was $1366.45, and to three Justices from January to 
October, of the same year was paid $3100.63 [4O4] more 
than ten Justices having been paid their accounts that year 
against the county ; and the estimate for Constable's fees in 
criminal bills of costs for 1821, is but $1800, when the amount 
paid to one of them only between March and December, 1820, 
was $1121.50. These two items were obtained from a view of 
a copy of the official paper, for a short time, containing the 
particulars of which the schedule N. 3, in the account N. 1, is 
made up. As another evidence that great saving might be made 
in the expenses of the county if its pecuniary concerns were 
managed by the same persons who now so judiciously direct 
those of the town, we would mention one fact only, which is, 
that while the Court of Sessions, as guardians of the pecuniary 
interest of the County of Suffolk, were borrowing money of 
Banks and individuals to defray the expenses of the County, 
at a rate, it is believed, of not less than Six per cent, per annum 
interest, and while they were petitioning, as they did in their 
application to the Legislature, in January, 1821, for a tax to be 
laid on the county, among other things for raising $2400 to pay 
interest on loans the present year, the Committee of Finance 
of this town were negotiating with a bank to take the town's 
money, lying useless in the Treasury, as it necessarily must 
every year, from the fall, when taxes are paid, till the ensuing 
summer, when it is wanted, [4O5] and at that very period 
actually amounting to 70 or 80,000 dollars, at the rate of 3 
per cent, interest per annum. If a less rate of interest is now 
paid by the County for a part of money borrowed, we are 
indebted to the Chairman of the Committee of Finance, whose 
vigilance to promote the best interest and most economical man- 
agement of the town's affairs has been so conspicuous. 
Many other reasons might be given and facts stated, which would 
tend to shew the propriety of the remedy we propose suggesting 
to the town ; but believing as we do, that those already offered 
are sufficient, we proceed respectfully to recommend as the 
most effectual means to accomplish the object for which 
this Committee was appointed. That a Committee be chosen 
to apply to the Legislature, 1 st . To separate the town 
of Chelsea from the County of Suffolk, and erect the 
town of Boston into a County by itself. 2 nd . That the Court of 
Sessions of this County be abolished and all the business of the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 239 

County, heretofore under the control of this Court, be transferred 
to the Selectmen of the town of Boston, except so far as herein- 
after provided. 3 a . That the duties heretofore performed by the 
Treasurer of the County of Suffolk, shall be performed by the 
Treasurer of the Town of Boston, and the two offices, hereafter 
be united in one person, and all liabilities, to which the County 
Treasurer is by law subjected, shall [4O6] devolve on the 
Treasurer of the Town. 4 Ul . That a Couit, consisting of three 
learned and respectable persons be established, which shall have 
exclusive original cognizance of all offences and criminal matters 
now cognizable by Justices of the Peace in the County of Suffolk, 
one of which Judges shall hold a court every day in the week, 
( Sundays excepted ) that they shall account for, and pay over to 
the Town Treasurer quarterly, all monies received by them for 
fines, fees of office, licenses, &c. that it shall be their duty to keep 
a fair and true record of all their doings, to audit and pass upon 
all accounts of Sheriffs, Constables, Gaolers, Coroners, and Wit- 
nesses on prosecutions before themselves, which are now cogniz- 
able by the Court of Sessions ; they shall have the same power 
over the gaol, (except in its erection) and of its inmates, as is 
now by law vested in the Court of Sessions ; they shall make, twice 
in every year, a report thereof to the Justices of the Supreme 
Judicial Court ; that they shall, together with the Judge of the 
Municipal Court, have the same power with respect to licenses, as 
the Court of Sessions now have ; that it shall be the duty of this 
court to digest and carry into execution such a system for the pre- 
vention of crimes and detection of criminals, as may most effec- 
tually secure the lives and property of the citizens from day and 
midnight depredations. That the Justices, composing this Court, 
shall be appointed [4O7] and commissioned by the Governor 
and Council as other judicial officers are ; that they shall, in lieu 
of all other -fees, receive an annual and fixed salary, such as the 
town may determine, not to be lessened during their continuance 
in office ; and have power to commit to the House of Industry, 
all vagabonds and others liable by law to be sent to that place, 
for such time and under such restrictions as the Legislature shall 
prescribe. 

(signed) Stephen Codman 

Chairman. 
N. 1. 
D r . County of Suffolk, in account current from 16 th Dec r . 1819, 

to 31 8t Dec r . 1820, with County Treasurer. 
Cash paid Warrants from Hon. Court of Sessions as per 

Schedule N. 1 8,547.11 

D. orders of the County Agents for New Prison 

N. 2 19.335.56 

D. Justices, Sheriffs, Constables &c - - N. 3 18:700.77 
D. Jurors of several Supreme Judicial Courts " 4 3.656.39 
D. ditto Boston Courts of Common 

Pleas N. 5. 3.531.94 



240 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

D. Jurors of several Municipal Courts N. 6 1077.50 
D. Witnesses and Jurors on Inquests & Coroners 

N. 7 294.49 

D. Witnesses in Supreme Judicial Court N. 8 504.82 

D. D. in Municipal Court - - - N. 9 1137.42 

D. D. in Justices Quarter Bills - N. 10 168.43 
D. Notes, Dieting Bills, Firing for Oftices &c 

N. 11 23590.62 

D. Balance of Interest Account - - - N. 12 862.23 



81.407.28 
Allowance by the Court of Sessions to Treasurer 

for 12 m. 17 days - - 1.780.15 



83.187.43 
Balance due County of Suffolk 4.634.13 



87.821.56 
By Balance N. 13 87.821.56 

Examined by William Donnison > 
Edward Jones \ 

[4O8.] N. 2. 

Estimate of the Current Expenses of the County of Suffolk, 

A.D. 1821. 

Sheriff for Dieting Criminals over and above the sum allowed by 
the Commonwealth for Turnkey $3000 - 

Sheriff for his Attendance on all the Courts - - 600 

Deputy Sheriffs for ditto - - - 500 

Constables for Attendance on all the Courts and 

Juries 1000 

Constables, their fees in Criminal Bills of Costs not 

paid by Defendants, but chargeable to the County 1800. 

Justices of the Court of Sessions for Attendance &c 350. 

Justices of the Peace, their Fees, chargeable to the 

County 3000. 

Grand & Petit Jurors to all the Courts, after de- 
ducting the money received for Jury Verdicts - 

Night Watches at the Prison ------- 

Scavenger at the Prison 

Inquests on Dead Bodies 

Physician to the Gaol 

Keeper of the Court House & Expenses - - - - 

Charcoal for Prisoners, Candles for Watch, 
Fire Tubs, Room Tubs, Buckets, Lime, Sand, 
Brooms &c. 300 

Straw Beds, & Blankets, and Clothing for Prisoners, 300 

Stationery, Records Books, Binding Dockets, 

Printing 300 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 241 

Fuel for Court House in Court Rooms & County 

Offices & Candles for the Courts, &c. - - - - 400 

Carting Dirt, clearing Vaults &c. ------ 100 

Witnesses in Criminal Causes before Justices 

chargeable to the County ---.---- 300 



$18,740 

[4O9.] Amount brought forward 18,740.00 

Allowance to the County Treasurer ----- 1700.00 

Repairs of County Buildings - 160. 

Interest growing due on Loans ------- 2400. 

23.000.00 



The foregoing Reports and Documents being read, a lengthy 
debate ensued ; after which it was 

Voted, That a Committee consisting of thirteen persons, be 
appointed to take the whole subject of the two Reports now pre- 
sented to the Town into full consideration ; to consider all the 
facts and recommendations therein contained, and to report to 
the town, at a future Meeting, a complete system relating to the 
administration of the Town and County which shall remedy the 
present evils ; and that they be authorized to recommend any 
other measures calculated to create a more efficient, responsible, 
and acceptable system for Town and County government. 

The following Gentlemen were appointed on the Committee 
viz 

Hon 1 . John Phillips Hon 1 . William Sullivan 

" Charles Jackson " Josiah Quincy 

" William Prescott William Tudor Esq. 

George Blake Esq Col. Henry Orne 

Hon Daniel Webster Isaac Winslow Esq. 

" Lemuel Shaw Stephen Codm an " 

" Joseph Tilden 

[41O.] The Chairman of the Committee for erecting a 
House of Industry, read the following Report viz 

The Committee, appointed by the Town, on the seventh of 
May last, and who were authorized to select a place for the 
erection of a House of Industry, with an extent of land attached 
to it, not less than Fifty acres, and to erect suitable buildings 
thereon ; and who, for those purposes, were invested with certain 
powers and charged with certain duties, expressed in the votes of 
the town, ask leave to apprise their fellow citizens of the progress 
already made in that concern, and of their views in relation to it, 
by way of a Report, in part. 

The Committee have been induced to avail themselves of this 
early opportunity, which the present meeting of the town offers, 



242 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

to communicate the state of the undertaking, partly from a 
general sense of the duty, incumbent upon all Committees, 
charged with similar duties, and partly from the particular nature 
and relations of that, to which, without any agency of their own, 
they have been called by their fellow citizens. The Committee 
are deeply impressed with the salutary nature of that principle, 
which requires an early and frequent accountability from all 
public agents; particularly from those, entrusted [411] with 
the expenditures of public monies, and are therefore anxious 
now, and will be, hereafter, to keep their fellow citizens apprised, 
as early as possible, of every step they have taken, or shall take, 
relative to this concern, with the reasons on which it has been 
founded ; and this, not only for the purpose of satisfying the wise 
curiosity of the thoughtful and intelligent, but also, for that of 
being enabled, seasonably, to receive from the Town, or from 
individuals, any hints, instructions, or corrections, of which their 
course of proceedings may, from time to time, be susceptible. 
These general sentiments have been, in this case, strengthened 
and quickened by the peculiar character of the service, to 
which they have been appointed ; and from reflections, growing 
out of that character, resulting from a farther acquaintance with 
the whole subject, consequent upon their experience, and which, 
as they have had an influence upon some of their proceedings, 
they apprehend, ought early to be communicated to their fellow 
citizens. 

In order to possess the Town of all the reasons, which, thus 
far have been the basis of their proceedings, your committee ask 
leave to review the origin and progress of this design, until its 
execution was committed to their agency, in as much from them, 
your Committee have drawn their rules of conduct. [412] A 
course of this kind also will have a tendency to recall the recol- 
lection of facts and to revive impressions, which are, not only 
important, in themselves, but which are essential to be remem- 
bered and realized, in order to the perpetuating that general 
satisfaction, and unanimity, with which this design originated ; 
and which is so essential to the success of every public insti- 
tution, connected with the sympathy and interests of a great 
community. 

The design of a House of Industry originated in the petition of 
many most respectable and humane citizens, for the establish- 
ment of a workhouse in other words, a place for the confine- 
ment and employment of the idle and vicious poor. The com- 
mittee, to whom those petitions were referred, made a report to 
the Town, containing facts, statements and reasonings on the 
subject, and concluding with certain resolutions, which were sub- 
sequently adopted by the Town and were the authority, on which 
their present committee were appointed, and under which they 
have acted. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 243 

The leading principle of that report was, the duty incumbent 
upon society of discriminating in its charitable provisions and 
arrangements, between the poor, by reason of [413] infancy, 
age or misfortune, and the poor by reason of idleness, or vice. 
All the reasonings that report and the propositions, contained in 
it, turned upon that principle. And although that committee, in 
selecting a name for the new establishment, adopted that of a 
House of Industry, which is a term of broader import and is 
applied to poor of other descriptions, yet, apprehending that, in 
selecting this denomination, reference was had to the moral 
effect, which the name an institution bears, has, or is supposed 
to have, on its inmates, and not with any intention of making 
more comprehensive than the main drift of their argument, the 
proposed institution, your present committee have, in all their 
proceedings kept in view singly the provision for the idle and 
vicious poor ; without any scope, or reference to those of a vir- 
tuous character, or description. 

With this explanation of their views and of the regulating 
principle of their conduct, your committee apprehend that there 
are four points, on which it will be satisfactory to their fellow 
citizens to receive, and on which, in the present stage of their 
proceedings, it may be in their power to give information. 

1. The location of the institution, and the reasons, which 
governed the committee in selecting it. 

[414.1 2. The size, quality and particular position of 
the building, with reference to the tract of land, on which it is 
situated, and the reasons on which each were adopted. 

3. The monies already expended, in purchase of the land, 
and in advancing, thus far, the building. 

4. The adequacy of the present appropriation to the object ; 
the present advancement and the probable cost of the establish- 
ment ; and the economies and advantages to be anticipated from 
it. . 

On each of these points your committee ask leave to make such 
statements as facts authorize ; or as their experience and reflec- 
tions have suggested. 



!&& 



1 . In relation to the selection of a place for locating the 
establishment, your Committee were authorized to take any 
unappropriated land of the Town, or to purchase any other spot, 
within the town, which they should deem a better location : In 
both cases, they were limited to take or buy, not less than Fifty 
acres. 



244 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

As there were no unappropriated lands of the Town, of that 
extent, except those on the Neck, your committee proceeded to 
make a [415] personal examination of these lands. They 
found that these lands were, with the exception of about 
three acres, wholly salt-water flats, to bring which into any 
advantageous cultivation, would require great previous expendi- 
tures, in ditches and embankments. Other objections to the 
situation unnecessary to detail, occurred, which would have 
been, of themselves, conclusive against the location. The excel- 
lence and unexampled adaptation of the situation which they 
were fortunate enough to obtain, put, however, all other consider- 
ations out of the question ; combining as it did, not only every 
anticipated convenience, but the most unquestionable economy. 
It was impossible for the committee to hesitate concerning their 
duty, in fulfilling this part of their trust ; there being, on the 
question of the superiority, in both respects, of the location 
chosen, to any the town lands on the Neck afforded, a perfect 
unanimity of opinion, in the committee. 

The spot selected was a tract of land at South Boston, con- 
taining Fifty-three acres, owned by Samuel Brown, Esq. lying 
nearly in the form of a parallelogram, and extending from the 
road, leading to Dorchester point to the harbour. The centre 
of the tract was a small rising ground, sloping gradually for an 
almost equal distance, southerly to the road, and northerly to the 
harbour. The land was [416] excellent comprehending as 
much variety of soil, as could be expected, within such limits, 
and is for all the objects of the contemplated institution one of 
the most eligible spots, possible. The whole within one and a 
half miles, water, and two and a half, land, communication, of 
the centre of the town The price at which it was purchased was 
Six Thousand dollars ; a rate, little more than one hundred and 
sixteen dollars an acre ; and a price, which, considering the 
quality of the lands, their proximity to the centre of the town, 
and the extraordinary beauty of the prospect of the surrounding 
country, they commanded, was far less than their real value; 
and which the committee are authorized to say that the Town 
may, at any moment, receive for them, after deducting, should 
such a measure be deemed expedient, any small quantity for the 
accommodation of the building, now erecting. 

The only real objection to the location, arising from the toll paid 
at South Boston Bridge, was obviated by an application to the 
Proprietors of that Institution, who readily passed a vote exempt- 
ing forever all persons, horses and Vehicles, from toll passing to 
or from, the House of Industry, on business of the establishment. 

In executing this part of their trust and in purchasing another 
tract of land, [417] instead of taking the lands on the Neck, 
your committee, in addition to the reasons, above assigned, were 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 245 

influenced, also, by a conviction of the superior value of these 
last mentioned lands, as a productive fund to the town. This 
anticipation of theirs, they are happy to state, events have 
justified ; as they are authorized by the chairman of the board of 
Selectmen to state that Fifty-eight Thousand feet of those lands 
on the Neck, which your committee were thus authorized to take, 
have since sold by that board, at a rate, at which, if only three 
acres are sold, the proceeds of those three, acres will exceed by 
more than a thousand dollars, the whole purchase money paid by 
your committee for their Fifty three acres. And that the Town 
may be assured, that there is nothing deceptive, in this statement, 
your committee are also authorized to state, that the committee 
of the lands on the Neck, have been offered and have refused, 
considering it less than their value for the residue of the three 
acres, a sum, which will more than exceed the whole of the said 
purchase money. 

Your Committee apprehend that they need not add any thing 
to these facts to establish the propriety of their proceedings, in 
relation to this part of their commission. 

2. In relation to the size, quality and position of the building, 
on the tract of land [418] purchased, your committee took for 
their guide the considerations suggested in the report of the 
former committee above alluded to, viz. " the permanent interest 
of the town and the ultimate success of the institution" "the 
accommodation of at least two hundred persons," "that the 
place adopted should be such as to be capable of being extended 
should it hereafter be deemed expedient," "that the buildings 
should be so constructed as to provide for the separation and 
distinct accommodation of the different classes and sexes of 
those, for whom it was destined. 

For this purpose they deemed a building, not less than Two 
hundred and twenty feet long, and Forty three feet wide, and 
Twenty nine feet high, as small as any fair construction of the 
views of the Town, indicated, by their vote, could justify. The 
building they have therefore commenced on those dimensions. 

The material they selected in stone, which being laid rough 
and only dimension, was found cheaper than brick, and pref- 
erable both on account of durability and dryness. It. was, 
originally, contemplated to erect only the centre of the building 
and one of the wings, leaving the remaining wing to be erected 
subsequently; and also [419] that the length of the building 
should be only two hundred feet, and the estimates of the former 
committee were made, on that basis. But upon consultations 
with architects, it was found wholly impracticable, to erect two 
thirds of that building now, and one third of it, afterwards, 
without endangering its strength and symmetry, in consequence 
of the inevitable difference in the settling of different parts, 



2-16 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

erected at different times. A building of the entire dimensions 
was not, in the opinion of the committee, larger than the objects, 
proposed in its erection, would require. And if circumstances 
rendered it inexpedient to finish this wing at once, its space 
could not fail to be greatly commodious, either as a store or 
working room. The present expense of carrying up and covering 
the external walls bore in the opinion of your committee no com- 
parison with the advantages arising from erecting the whole 
building at once. So also, on the revisal of the whole plan, your 
committee found that by adding Twenty feet to its length, an 
increase of accommodation, far exceeding the additional expense, 
would be obtained. They, therefore, did not hesitate to adopt 
both these alterations, as unquestionable and important improve- 
ments, in the original plan, notwithstanding they would occasion 
a considerable augmentation of the expense, beyond the [420] 
estimate of the former committee. 

In locating the building on the land, they placed it at the 
extreme North Easterly corner, from four principal considera- 
tions 1 st . there was here a site, very suitable for the building 
and surrounded by land, excellently adapted for a garden. 2 d . 
It adjoined the harbour and made the water communication easy 
and expeditious. 3 d . It was removed from the high road, and 
thus the tenants would be less exposed to the inspection of 
travellers and kept in greater retirement and safety. 4 Hl . It left 
the town free to decide, as it might see fit, hereafter upon expe- 
rience, in relation to the residue of the land ; so that, if it chose 
at any time, to abandon the cultivation of the land or to apply it 
to other uses, or to dispose of it, the building, in its present loca- 
tion, would interfere with no such arrangement. 

3. In relation to the monies already expended it appears, by 
the report of the Treasurer of the committee, that there has been 

paid for Fifty three acres of land $6000 

For materials and labour -------- 9700 

Making a gross aggregate of expenditures to the 

present time - - 15.700 

And leaving an unexpended balance in the hands of 

the Committee of the former appropriation of - 4.300 



$20.000 

[421.] 4. In relation to the adequacy of the present appro- 
priation for the object, the present advancement and the probable 
cost of the establishment and the economies and advantages to 
be anticipated from it, your committee have great satisfaction in 
stating that experience has shown that the estimates of the 
former committee were correct, for a building of the dimensions, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 247 

by them contemplated. Had not the experience and the more 
minute examination of all the circumstances, connected with the 
subject, resulting from the duty and responsibility of erecting 
the building, led your present committee to enlarge that plan and 
erect-at once all the external walls,, for the reasons above detailed, 
the appropriation suggested by the former committee would have 
been sufficient, for the present year, as stated by that committee. 
Nor if, as authorized, by the vote of the Town, your present com- 
mittee had taken the land on the Neck, would any additional 
appropriation have been necessary, the present year. It does 
not appear, in making those estimates, that the purchase of so 
valuable and in all respects so eligible a tract of land, as that at 
South Boston, was contemplated. Your Committee, however, 
did not deem it their duty to be deterred, by the estimates or cal- 
culations of that committee, from effecting an operation, so highly 
advantageous to the Town as that at South Boston, [422] in 
the purchase, which has been already stated to the Town ; all 
the Town lands on the Neck, being then left unincumbered, and 
by the sale of three acres of which more than the whole purchase 
money, paid for the fifty three acres will be reimbursed to the 
Town. Considering that the lands thus purchased, at South 
Boston, may now, and at all times, be sold for more money, than 
that given for them, after reserving any small quantity of land 
for the use of the establishment, your committee do not deem 
that the House of Industry is at present chargeable, under all the 
circumstances, with more than the balance of the appropriation, 
after deducting the purchase money : viz. with the sum of Four- 
teen Thousand Dollars. 

One or two other circumstances, also connected with the loca- 
tion, or with the arrangements of the present committee, have 
occasioned, unavoidably, expenses, unanticipated in the former 
estimates. 

The exposure of the situation to depredation upon the mate- 
rials, collected for building, rendered the establishment of a 
superintendent on the premises, important, and a small house, 
which will be useful, at all times to the Institution, has been 
erected [423] for his residence on the land, at an expense of 
six hundred dollars. 

It was also necessary to enable the establishment to derive all 
the advantages, resulting from the water communication, that a 
wharf should be erected. This, in conformity with the principal 
that whatever is done for a Town should be executed in a form, 
calculated to be beneficial to posterity, as well as to the present 
times, has been finished, with permanent materials and in a most 
substantial manner. The cost of this, not included in the esti- 
mate, was Fourteen hundred dollars. 



248 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

The erection of the additional wing and the extension of the 
building, beyond the plan originally contemplated, in the esti- 
mates, will increase the expense between five and six thousand 
dollars. Notwithstanding these different items of unanticipated 
expense, (for all of which the Town will receive a complete 
remuneration in the strength, durability and greater accommoda- 
tion of the building) your committee have the satisfaction to state 
that an additional appropriation, equal to that paid for the land, 
viz. Six thousand dollars, will be amply sufficient to meet all the 
expenditures the present year. They are induced to name this 
sum, because such a grant, they are informed, may be made with- 
out [424] any change in the fiscal arrangements of the Town, 
there now existing an unexpended balance of an appropriation, 
for a vegetable market, which will not be wanted the present 
year, of that amount. 

With respect to the present advancement and probable cost of 
the establishment, your committee have to state that, notwith- 
standing the late period of the season, at which the determination 
of the Town was made and the delay which necessarily occurred, 
in fixing upon the location, purchasing the land, and making the 
contracts, and also some difficulties, which have happened in the 
performance of those contracts, the building has advanced with 
great repidity ; and the work has been executed with fidelity, 
and, as far as your committee can judge, will be, in every respect 
such, as will be honorable to the Town, and suitable for the pur- 
pose of the establishment. It is now advancing to the third 
story, and will be covered in and completed in the course of the 
ensuing autumn and winter. 

In relation to the probable cost of the institution, your com- 
mittee will be in a condition to speak, as they apprehend precisely 
and definitely, in their report to the Town in May next. In a 
new undertaking of this [425] extensive character, circumstances 
will continually occur, tending to increase the expenditure 
beyond the estimate ; arising not only from the usual deficiency 
of calculations, on these topics, but also from new views of 
accommodation, or of adaptation of arrangements for permanent 
economy or convenience, suggested by the progress of the build- 
ing, of which it will be the duty of every committee, charged 
with its erection, to take advantage. Your committee have not, 
however, in this case, from any thing their experience has 
suggested, any reason to apprehend that the expenditure will, in 
any material degree, exceed the estimates, as modified by this 
report, except in case of new views of accommodation, or interest, 
occurring in the progress of the concern, such as have been 
already stated, and for which the town will be remunerated in 
the improved state of the establishment. But these, according to 
the present views of your committee cannot be very great in 
number or important in amount ; and of little, or no consequence, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 249 

when taken in connection with all the great and wise purposes, 
which the Town has aimed to effect, in commencing this institu- 
tion. 

In the expenditure of the money entrusted to them, your com- 
mittee have applied every principle of wise economy, the nature 
[426] of the undertaking justified. For this purpose, at one of 
their first meetings, they passed a vote, by which every member 
of the committee was precluded from having, directly, or 
indirectly, any concern or profit, in any contract, made under 
their authority ; intending thereby, to give to the Town a pledge, 
that no consideration, but those of the public service should 
influence any of their arrangements, or expenditures. The great 
principle, which has regulated all their proceedings in this respect, 
has been strength, durability and a permanent accommodation ; 
with out special regard to the gratification of taste, or to archi- 
tectural effect. 

In relation to the economies and advantages to be anticipated 
from this establishment, your committee cannot close this report, 
without recurring to them, and recalling to the minds of their 
fellow citizens the nature and object of the institution. Every 
consideration, which has occurred, in the progress of the work, 
has convinced your committee of its importance, its necessity 
and of its being indispensable to any hope, or to the success of 
any plan, for the improving the morals, or to ameliorating the 
condition of the poor. Under this conviction, they have not con- 
sidered it in the light of making a saving, in the [427] whole 
expenditures of the Town ; although they have no doubt, that it 
will ultimately produce this effect. Their view of the subject is 
of a broader cast, and of a more elevated character. They have 
deemed that an institution, such as the one proposed, destined to 
receive, restrain, and to employ, that unhappy portion of the 
community, who are degraded to the ranks of beggary, by vice, 
or idleness, is, in every society, a moral duty ; and in a republi- 
can form of government, is connected intimately with the very 
principle, on which its preservation depends. In such a form of 
government, the great object of attention is the character and 
condition of the mass of the community. Whatever tends to 
contaminate, to corrupt, or to demoralize the mass, has a direct 
effect, not only on the happiness and prosperity of a state, but 
also on its safety ; on the security of property, of life, and of 
liberty ; all of which are, in a republic, directly dependent upon 
the moral character and condition of the people. 

The wise policy of our ancestors, from the earliest records of 
their history, made the establishment of work-houses indispen- 
sable. Owing to the smallness of their early population, and the 
consequent scantiness of poverty and crime, those institutions 



250 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

were put under the control of overseers of the poor. From 
which association, two, unhappy consequences, naturally, and 
inevitably resulted. 



First, Almshouses became connected with the ideas 
of punishment and disgrace, not only in the eyes of the tenants, 
but also in those of the community. Hence arose a gi'eat 
reluctance, in the worthy and respectable poor, at becoming 
inmates ; and also a like reluctance, in overseers, to oblige such 
persons to become residents. From both causes the number of 
out-of-door pensioners has been increased; and of all modes of 
providing for the poor, this has been, every where, found, the 
most wasteful, and expensive ; and the most encouraging of 
applications, to become pensioners, on the public bounty. 

A second effect of this association was that as society increased, 
Almshouses became thronged with tenants, from idleness or vice ; 
who from the character of the institution, as charitable, claimed, 
and for the most part, obtained indulgence, as objects of pity, 
when their deserts were restraint and coercive employment, as 
being, in reality, objects of correction, and often of punishment. 

In a society increased and rapidly increasing, like that of the 
capital of Massachusetts, your committee can have no question 
that an institution, like that now in progress, is, not only wise, 
but indispensable, and that its utility ought not, and cannot be 
tested by [429] any narrow scale of pecuniary expense and 
saving. Your committee have not, therefore, deemed themselves, 
as proceeding in this building and institution, as though it were 
an experiment, which, if it failed, might be abandoned, but on 
the contrary, with a conviction that it was an institution per- 
manent and perpetual in its nature, of which the Town ought 
never to be destitute; and-in which, of consequence, they ought 
to have reference, in all their plans and arrangements to this, its 
real destination and character. 

Whether the inmates of such an institution can best and most 
profitably be employed, on the land or in manufactures, is a 
question, in the opinion of some members of the community, 
problematical. And, although, your committee, from 1'eflection 
and reasoning upon the subject, as well as from the success of 
other, similar institutions, in Massachusetts, are satisfied that 
employing them, in cultivating the earth, is the most healthy, the 
most conducive to moral habits, and the most economical, yet 
they have so arranged the plan and location of the establishment, 
as to be adapted to both, or to either, of these employments, as the 
experience of future times and the wisdom of the Town may decide. 

All which is respectfully submitted. 
Josiah Quincy 
James Savage 
Henry J. Oliver 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 251 

[43O.] Francis Welsh Thomas Howe 

William Thurston Abram Babcock 

Samuel A. Wells Benjamin Rich 

David W. Child John Bellows 

John French George Darracott 

Boston 22 d October 1821 

Voted, That the thanks of the town be given to the chair- 
man and members of the Committee for erecting a House of 
Industry, for the intelligent and able manner, in which they have 
conducted the business entrusted to them, and that they be 
requested to proceed in the undertaking. 



Voted, That the Report be printed and distributed among the 
citizens. 



Voted, That the sum of Six Thousand Dollars, voted and 
assessed upon the Inhabitants, for the purpose of erecting 
a new Vegetable Market, be, and the same hereby is, transferred 
and appropriated to the erection of the House of Industry, and 
the said amount of six thousand dollars, in addition to that pre- 
viously voted, be placed at the disposal of the Committee 
appointed by the town for building the House of Industry. 

The Meeting was then adjourned to Monday, the 10 th day of 
December next at ten o'clock, A.M. 

[431.] Monday December 10 th 1821. 

Met according to Adjournment. 

The Moderator stated to the inhabitants, that since the 
Adjournment, the Selectmen had issued a AVarrant for calling a 
Town Meeting, at the request of a number of citizens, to be 
holden at this time ; The Warrant being read : The article " To 
consider the expediency of augmenting the Town Watch during 
the winter season" was taken up, and after some debate, it 
was Voted, That the Selectmen be authorized to double the 
Watch, until the first day of April next. 

On the Application of the Directors of the Mill Pond Corpora- 
tion, the 

Hon. Artemas Ward Enoch Silsby, and 

" Jonathan Hunnewell Joseph Lovering Esquires, 
" Peter C. Brooks 
were appointed a Committee to treat with the Proprietors of the 



252 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Mill Pond, respecting the interest of the Town therein ; and to 
report at the adjournment of this meeting. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be, and they hereby are, constituted 
a Committee with the authority to fix the boundary lines between 
the [432] several towns of (Roxbury,) Brookline, Cambridge & 
(Dorchester) respectively and the Town of Boston. 

And whereas, in consequence of the building of the Great 
Western Avenue some new relations have come into view con- 
cerning this town's boundaries; and it may become necessary to 
refer any matter on which there may be a difference of opinion, 
between those persons who are as above authorized to represent 
and act for the Town of Boston, and those persons who are or 
may be appointed to represent and act for the above mentioned 
towns or either of them. - 

Voted, That the Selectmen be, and hereby are authorized and 
empowered, to appoint Referees on the part of this town to settle 
any matter which may in their opinion require to be settled by 
Referees, in relation to the boundary lines between this town and 
the Towns of Dorchester, Roxbury, Brookline and Cambridge 
respectively. 

The following Report was made by the School Committee 
viz 

To the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, in Town Meeting 
assembled ; the General School Committee ask leave respectfully 
to Report : 

[433.] That in pursuance of a vote of the town passed on 
the 2 nd day of July last, authorizing and empowering your Com- 
mittee, to commence and establish a public school, upon the 
system of mutual instruction, they lost no time in taking meas- 
ures to carry the proposed object into effect. 

As this measure originated principally in the statements and 
representations of the Committee charged with the care of the 
primary schools, and in the first instance at least, would probably 
embrace children under their particular superintendence, your 
Committee are solicitous to act in co-operation with that Com- 
mittee, and for that purpose opened a communication and have 
acted in concurrence with them. Your Committee took measures 
to obtain the services of a Gentleman well versed in the system 
particularly intended to be introduced ; but after writing to sev- 
eral of the cities of the United States, could not learn of any 
instructor of sufficient experience, who was disengaged. Your 
Committee having been informed by one of their correspondents 
that a gentleman, M r . Dale, who is principal teacher of the Lan- 
castrian schools in Albany, would undertake to organize and 
establish a School, and take charge of it, until a successor could 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1821. 253 

be engaged. This gentleman was so well recommended for his 
capacity and experience, and particularly for his thorough knowl- 
edge of the peculiar [434] system of instruction contemplated to 
be introduced, that your Committee could not hesitate about 
engaging him. Accordingly about the first of September, a place 
was fitted up for the school in the basement room of the Boylston 
School at Fort Hill. This room was not so large as would have 
been desirable ; but as it was an unoccupied public room con- 
veniently situated, it was thought that it would be sufficiently 
capacious for a beginning. As soon as the room was prepared, 
the School was almost immediately filled, and the business of 
instruction commenced. M r . Dale continued in the care and 
instruction of the School about five or six weeks, and left it in 
the care of a gentleman who appears to be well qualified to con- 
duct it. 

The School has been in operation about two months. Your 
Committee at present, hardly feel prepared to pronounce a defini- 
tive opinion of its merits ; they can only say that they feel 
highly gratified with its prospects of success, and entertain a san- 
guine hope, that many of the plans and methods adopted in this 
school, may be extended with great benefit, to the numerous pri- 
mary schools of the Town, and to all the public schools where 
young children are taught the rudiments of learning. They have 
no hesitation in saying that as yet, it well deserves care and 
encouragement of the [435] town. The expense of fitting up 
the school, of providing the necessary arrangements and mate- 
rials, of procuring the temporary attendance of an instructor 
eminent in his profession, have been necessarily considerable, 
and have exhausted the appropriation of the sum of one thousand 
dollars, heretofore made for this object. But most of the 
expenses it is obvious, are merely temporary ; and yonr Commit- 
tee are of opinion that this School once established, will be a 
cheap and economical one. Under a full belief that it will be for 
the interest of the town, and tend to advance and perfect the Sys- 
tem of education adopted by the town that this school, for the 
present at least should be continued, your Committee recommend 
the adoption of the subjoined vote : all of which is respectfully 
submitted. 

By order of the School Committee 

Eliphalet Williams, Chairman. 

The foregoing Report, was read and accepted, and 

Voted, That the Public School, upon the principle of mutual 
instruction, commenced in pursuance of a vote of the Town 
passed the second day of July last, be placed under the care and 
superintendence of the School Committee to be continued, if they 
deem it expedient ; that they be authorised to appoint a Master 



254 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

therefor, and fix his compensation, and that the said school be 
put generally upon the same footing with the other public schools 
of the Town. 

[436.] The Committee appointed on the 22 d . day of Oetober 
last ' ' To take the whole subject of the two reports presented to 
the Town into full consideration ; to consider all the facts and 
recommendations therein contained, and to report. to the Town at 
a future meeting, a complete system relating to the administra- 
tion of Town and County," made a Report which was read. A 
lengthy debate ensued ; - after which, on motion, it was Voted, 
That the Report of the Committee, appointed by the Town on the 
22 d . of October last, " to take into consideration and report to 
the town a complete System relating to the administration, of the 
Town & County," be re-committed to the same Committee, with 
[the] addition of one person to be chosen from each Ward, 
with instructions to report a system of Municipal Government 
for this town, with such powers, privileges and immunities, as are 
contemplated by the amendment of the Constitution, authorizing 
the General Court to constitute City Governments. 

The following Gentlemen were chosen from the several Wards, 
in addition to the former Committee viz 
WardN . 1. George Darracott 7. John Cotton 

2. Redford Webster [437] 8. Lewis G. Pray 

3. Thomas Badger 9. Benjamin Russell 

4. James Davis 10. William Sturgis 

5. Henry Farnam 11. Daniel Messinger 

6. Michael Roulstone 12. Gerry Fairbanks 

The Meeting was then adjourned, to Monday the 24 th day of 
December current, at 10, o'clock A.M. 

Monday December 24 th 1821 
Met according to adjournment. 

M r . Tudor, Secretary to the Committee appointed at the last 
meeting "To report a system of Municipal Government for this 
town," stated that the Committee had attended to the duty 
assigned them, and should have been ready to report, at this 
Meeting, if there had been time to have had the report printed 
and distributed among the Inhabitants, but as the report could 
not be distributed before Wednesday next, he moved that this 
Meeting be adjourned to Monday next, at 10, o'clock A.M. which 
motion was carried ; and the Meeting was accordingly adjourned 
to Monday the 31 st day of December current, at 10, o'clock, 
A.M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1822. 255 

[438.] Monday December 31 st 1821. 

Met according to Adjournment 

The Hon 1 . M r . Sullivan, Chairman of the Committee appointed 
"To report what is usually called a System of Municipal Govern- 
ment for this Town, with such powers, privileges, and immunities 
as are contemplated by the Amendment of the Constitution, 
authorizing the General Court to constitute City Governments." 
read a Report, which had been printed and distributed among the 
Inhabitants, whereupon it was 

Voted, That the final question on this Report be taken by 
ballot, at an adjournment of this Meeting. 

Voted, That when this meeting is adjourned to take the final 
question by ballot, it be to Monday the 7 th day of January next ; 
the Poll to be opened at 10 o'clock A.M. and closed at 3 o'clock 
P.M. 

It was then voted to take up the report by Paragraphs or Sec- 
tions : an animated debate ensued, during which several altera- 
tions or amendments were made in the Report 

A motion for adjournment was made, and earned in the affirm- 
ative. 

Adjourned to tomorrow 1 st January 1822 at 10, o'clock A.M. 



1822. 

[439.] Tuesday January 1 st 1822. 

Met according to Adjournment. 10, o'clock A.M. 

The Report of the Committee was further discussed and sev- 
eral additional alterations and amendments made. 

Adjourned to Tomorrow, 10 o'clock A.M. 

Wednesday January 2 d . 1822 
Met according to adjournment 10, o'clock A.M. 

The debate on the Report was finished : and it was Voted, That 
the Report as amended be published in all the News-papers, every 
day until and on the day of voting viz. Monday the 7 th day 
of January 1822, together with the several resolves which are to 
be voted upon ; and that the Selectmen prepare ballots in man- 
ner following, viz 



256 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

1 st Resolve, Shall there be a City Government? 

2 nd Resolve Shall the elective U. S. and State officers be 
chosen in Wards ? 

3 rd Resolve Shall the City Council decide the number of 
Representatives 

4 th Resolve Shall the Town be a County and have a Police 
Court. 

5 th Resolve Shall the name be altered from Town of Boston, 
to City of Boston. 

[44O.] Voted, That the Selectmen be appointed a Committee 
to receive sort and count, the ballots, on Monday the 7 th day of 
January instant 

Voted, That the Selectmen cause the lists of qualified voters to 
be prepared; and also cause two citizens from each Ward to 
attend the meeting of the inhabitants on Monday next, to check 
the lists of voters as practised in the election of State Officers. 

Voted, That the Selectmen cause the Town of Boston, to be 
divided into twelve Wards, each containing as nearly as may be, 
an equal number of Inhabitants in each. 

Report. 

As amended by the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, at a 
legal Meeting held on the 31 st . of December, and the two follow- 
ing days 

The enlarged Committee who were instructed by a vote of the 
Town meeting, held on the 10 th . of December, " To report what 
is usually called a System of Municipal Government for this 
Town, with such powers, privileges and immunities, as are con- 
templated by the amendment of the Constitution, authorizing the 
Genera] Court to constitute City governments," have attended 
assiduously to the duty with which they were charged, and now 
submit the following Report : 

[441.] In place of the first part of the former Report, 
which had a reference to prudential affairs, they now propose, 
according to their instructions, a regular representative govern- 
ment for the Town ; in which they have endeavored to combine, 
after much deliberation, a plan that will secure a full represen- 
tation of all the interests of the Town, in a body of men annually 
chosen, acting for the citizens, with and by their authority, in 
assessing Taxes, making expenditures, and enacting by-laws; 
and also an efficient, responsible, and active executive officer, 
with a suitable council, for the administration of the concerns of 
the Town. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1822. 257 

The following is an abstract of a representative plan of gov- 
ernment, in which care has been taken to introduce all the 
fundamental and essential principles, that will be embraced by 
the establishment of a City government for this Town, conform- 
ably to the following general outline. 

That this corporation shall be denominated ' ' the City of 
Boston." That the administration of the fiscal, prudential and 
municipal concern of this corporation, subject to the limitations 
hereinafter mentioned, shall be vested in one principal officer to 
be denominated the Mayor. 

One select body to consist of eight persons, [442] to be 
denominated the Board of Aldermen. 

One more numerous body to be denominated the Board of 
Common Councilmen. 

The whole in their aggregate capacity, to be denominated the 
City Council. That the Mayor shall be chosen by the citizens, 
voting in their respective wards ; and shall hold his office for the 
term of one year, and shall have a suitable compensation to be 
determined by the City Council. Provided, that in the case of 
the resignation, decease, or permanent or temporary absence, or 
inability of the Mayor, the City Council may elect a person to 
supply his place, as the occasion may require. 

That the Board of Aldermen shall be chosen by general 
ticket, by the qualified voters of the City, voting in wards, for 
the term of one year. 

That the Board of Common Councilmen shall be chosen by 
the qualified voters of the City, in, and for their respective 
Wards ; each ward having a right to choose four. 

That the Mayor and Aldermen shall compose one Board, shall 
sit and act together as one body ; at all meetings of which the 
Mayor shall preside ; in his absence the Board to choose a Chair- 
man for the time being. They shall choose a Clerk, whose duty 
it shall be to keep a journal of their proceedings. Such [443] 
Clerk to have all the powers, and perform all the duties now 
belonging to the Town Clerk of Boston, except in cases where it 
is otherwise expressly provided. 

That the Board of Common Councilmen shall sit and act 
together as a separate body, and be organized by the election of 
a Presiding Officer and Clerk. 

That the administration of police, and the executive powers of 
the corporation generally, including all the powers now by law 



258 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

vested in the Selectmen of the Town of Boston, shall be vested 
in, and exercised by the Mayor and Aldermen of the City, as 
hereby constituted. 

That all other powers of the town of Boston, as a municipal 
corporation, except those relating to elections, and those other- 
wise specially provided for, shall be vested in the Mayor and 
Aldermen, and Common Council, in City Council convened, to 
be exercised by concurrent vote, each Board as hereby constituted 
having a negative upon the other. 

More especially, they shall have power to make all needful and 
salutary by-laws ; to lay and assess taxes for all purposes, for 
which towns are by law required or [444] authorized to assess, 
and grant money ; 

To lay and assess taxes for all purposes, for which county 
taxes may by law be levied and assessed, whenever the City 
shall alone compose one county ; 

To provide for the assessment and collection of all such taxes ; 

To appropriate all public monies, and provide for the disburse- 
ment thereof, and take all suitable measures to ensure a just and 
prompt account thereof ; 

To provide for the appointment and choice of all necessary 
officers, not otherwise provided for ; to prescribe their duties, 
and fix their compensation ; 

To choose a Register of Deeds, whenever the City shall alone 
compose one county ; 

To have all the powers now by law vested in the Board of 
Health, and provide for the exercise of the same ; 

To have the care and superintendence of the public buildings, 
and the custody and management of all the property of the City, 
to lease or sell the same, (except the Common and Faneuil Hall,) 
and purchase property, real or personal, in the name and for the 
use of the City, whenever its interest or convenience may, in 
their judgment, require it. 

That all sittings of the Common Council, and of the Mayor, 
and Aldermen, when not engaged in executive business, shall be 
public. 

[445.] That the City Treasurer shall be chosen by the 
Mayor, and Aldermen and Common Council in Convention. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1822. 259 

That the Firewards shall be chosen by the citizens, in wards, 
in equal numbers to each ward, to be determined by the City 
Council ; provided there be not less than three to each ward : 
That there shall be one Overseer of the Poor, & one Member of 
the School Committee, chosen in each ward. And that the 
Mayor and Aldermen, and School Committee, shall have the care 
and superintendence of the Public Schools. 

That all Boards and Officers shall be accountable to the City 
Council, for the expenditure of all monies, committed to their 
charge. 

That the City Council shall publish and distribute annually, a 
statement of all receipts and expenditures of public monies, and 
a statement of all City property. 

That in all cases of the appointment of officers, by the Mayor 
and Aldermen, the Mayor shall have the power of nomination ; 
such nomination, however, to be confirmed or rejected by the 
Board. Provided, however, that no officer, whose salary shall be 
paid out of the City Treasury, shall be, at the time of his election, 
a Member of the Board of Aldermen, or of Common Council. 

That it shall be the duty of the City [446] Council, seasona- 
bly in each year, to meet in Convention, and determine the 
number of Representatives which it may be expedient for the 
Corporation to send to the General Court, within its constitutional 
limits, and seasonably to publish such determination, which shall 
be conclusive ; and the number thus determined, shall be speci- 
fied in the warrant calling a meeting for the election of Repre- 
sentatives. 

That all elections of State and United States Officers, shall 
continue to be held as heretofore, by general meetings of the 
qualified voters ; at which meetings the Mayor and Aldermen of 
the City shall preside ; or in ward meetings, as the citizens may 
decide by ballot, at the adjourned meeting on the 7 th . 

That general meetings of the citizens, qualified to vote in City 
affairs, may from time to time be held, to consult upon the com- 
mon good, to give instructions to their Representatives, and to 
take all lawful measures to obtain a redress of any grievances, 
according to the right secured to the people, by the Constitution 
of this Commonwealth. That such meetings shall be duly warned 
by the Mayor and Aldermen, upon the requisition of fifty qualified 
voters of said City. 

That all warrants for the meetings of [ 447] Citizens for 
municipal purposes, either in general meetings or in wards, shall 
be issued by the Mayor and Aldermen. 



260 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

That a new arrangement of wards shall be made as soon as 
may be, dividing the town into twelve wards, in such manner as 
to have equal numbers of inhabitants in each ward, as nearly 
as may be, consistently with convenient and well-defined limits. 

That for the orderly conducting of ward meetings, and elections 
therein, each ward shall be organized by the election of one 
Warden, one Clerk, and five Inspectors, all to be chosen annually, 
by the qualified voters in their respective wards. That neither 
the Mayor, nor any Alderman, or Common Councilman, shall, at 
the same time, hold any other office under the City Government. 

The Committee do not deem it necessary to go into expla- 
nations of the system here described, because its operation will be 
sufficiently .obvious to a community, who are in the habit of con- 
sidering constitutional forms and principles. They will only ask 
the attention of their fellow citizens to one observation : The 
plan proposed, differs strikingly, and they hope advantageously, 
from most if not all other plans of City Government, in keeping 
the judicial department entirely [448] distinct from the legis- 
lative and executive. This is a great principle in our state and 
national governments, and affords a peculiar security to the 
rights of the citizens, upon which it is not necessary to enlarge. 

The second part of the part of the former report, related to a 
new organization of the County, and the establishment of a 
Police Court, to have the cognizance of all civil and criminal 
suits, now acted upon by Justices of the Peace. They have only 
one amendment to make to this part of that report, which is, that 
the jurisdiction of the proposed magistrates should be enlarged 
in the cases of notes of hand and specialties, to the sum of one 
hundred dollars. 

They would recommend the same plan contained in the former 
report, that for the purpose of more convenient discussion, the 
substance of the alterations should be contained in five resolves, 
viz : 

Resolved, first, That we approve of having an alteration in the 
form of town government, according to the report, (as amended) 
made to the town, the 24 th December 1821. 

Resolved, second, That the United States and Commonwealth's 
elective officers, shall [449] be chosen by the citizens, in ward 
meetings, and not in town meetings as heretofore practised. 

Resolved, third, That the City Council, shall annually determine 
the number of Representatives to be voted for to represent the 
town in the General Court. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1822. 261 

Resolved, fourth, By the inhabitants of Boston, in town meeting 
assembled, that we approve of the proposition that the town 
should form a county by itself ; that the Treasurer of the Town 
should also be the Treasurer for the county ; that the Court of 
Sessions should be abolished, and its duties transferred to other 
bodies ; and that a Board of Magistrates, to be called the Police 
Court of Boston, and paid by salary, shall be established, who 
shall have cognizance of all criminal and civil causes, now 
brought before Justices of the Peace, and whose jurisdiction in 
civil suits shall, in the cases of all notes of hand and specialties, 
extend to the sum of one hundred dollars ; and our Senators and 
Representatives in the General Court are hereby instructed to 
endeavor to procure the passage of a bill for these purposes, on 
the principles, and with the limitations, laid down in the report 
submitted to the town, the 10 th day of December. *And the 
Selectmen are hereby authorized to appoint a committee, to pre- 
pare a petition and Bill for this purpose. 
*see page 451. 

[45O.] Resolved, fifth, That this question be determined by 
ballot, viz. : Shall the name of the town be changed from " the 
Town of Boston." to " the City of Boston." 

The Committee repeat, from the most obvious dictates of rea- 
son and justice, the recommendation of the former report, that 
the vote should be given by ballot, on the five resolves, saying 
yes or no, at an adjourned meeting for this purpose, after the 
discussion shall have taken place ; which meeting shall only be 
held for the reception of these ballots. And they will only add, 
an earnest expression of their hope, that as it can occasion to 
the most busy of the inhabitants, but a slight interruption of 
their occupations, to give in their ballots, that every citizen will 
perform his duty on this important occasion, by voting on one 
side or the other, so that the expression of public opinion may be 
complete and decisive. 

Resolved, By the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, in town 
meeting assembled, that we approve of having an alteration in 
the Government of the Town, by the establishment of a form of 
City Government, composed of a Mayor, Aldermen and Common 
Council, to have the management of the affairs of the Town con- 
formably to the plan detailed in [451] the report made to the 
town, on the 24 th December, (as amended at this meeting) and 
our Senators and Representatives in the General Court are hereby 
instructed to endeavor to procure the passage of a bill at the next 
session of the Legislature, to carry this resolve into effect ; and 
the Selectmen are hereby authorized to appoint a committee, to 
prepare a petition and bill for this purpose. 



262 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

* The second Bill which they recommend to be applied for, has 
a reference to the affairs of the County, and to the administration 
of justice in its first stages. It will provide for making the 
County of Suffolk to consist of the Town of Boston only : To 
abolish the Court of Sessions, and transfer its several powers to 
different bodies ; To make the Town Treasurer the Treasurer 
for the County : And give the cognizance of petty criminal and 
civil causes to a Board of Magistrates, whose income will not 
depend on the business they transact, and who will therefore have 
no temptation to encourage frivolous prosecutions and litigation ; 
but who will receive a regular salary for the transaction of the 
criminal department, sufficient to secure the services of able, 
upright men. 

In thus recommending that the Court of Sessions should be 
abolished they wish [452] distinctly to state, that [it] is not from 
any blame which attaches to that court, in whose transactions 
they have found nothing to censure, but which Court the Com- 
mittee believe has acted with fidelity towards the public ; but 
because its agency will be no longer necessary, when the County 
shall comprise only one Town ; and its various functions can be 
transferred to other bodies, with advantage and economy to the 
town. A very considerable saving will be annually made to the 
town and State by this arrangement ; yet, however great this sav- 
ing may be, it will be one of the least of the benefits that will 
result from the change. The present mode of administering jus- 
tice in its first stages, is attended with many growing abuses ; and 
though they have already attained to a very considerable extent, 
they must, unless prevented by an entire change in the system, 
produce eventually the most mischievous and immoral conse- 
quences. 

The second Bill, the Committee propose should provide for the 
following general objects, viz. : 

That the County of Suffolk should contain the Town of Boston 
only, and the offices of Treasurer for the Town and County be 
united : That the civil and criminal business transacted by the 
Justices of the Peace [453] in the County, shall be confided to 
a Police Court, composed of three able and discreet Magistrates, 
with salaries to be paid by the County : That in the distribution 
of the powers now exercised by the Court of Sessions, all those 
which relate to the estimating and assessing of County taxes, 
will be confided to the Town, and exercised in the same manner as 
the power of providing for, and assessing Town taxes : That the 
Selectmen of Boston, shall have the power of granting licences, 
and all the power of the said Court, in the erection and mainte- 
nance of Prisons and other County Buildings, and in the disposi- 
tion and management of all other County property : That the 
Court of Common Pleas shall have all the jurisdiction of said 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1822. 263 

Court, in relation to trials which may require a jury : And that 
the duty of examining all County accounts, connected in any man- 
ner with the administration of justice ; of assigning limits to 
the jail yard, and in general all the residue of the powers of the 
Court of Sessions not otherwise provided for, and which though 
they may be little more than nominal, cannot be exercised by 
Selectmen, without their being organized as a judicial body, shall 
be confided to a court composed of the Justices of the Police 
Court, and such other Judges of the Courts of the County, as 
may be connected with them for that purpose. 

Adjourned to Monday next, the 7 th day of January current at 
10 oclock A.M. 

[454.] Monday January 7 th 1822. 10. o'clock, A.M. 
Met according to Adjournment. 

The Moderator stated that this adjourned meeting being held 
for the sole purpose of receiving votes upon the several resolves 
in the amended report, before the town, the qualified voters 
would now proceed to bring in their ballots accordingly, and 
that the Poll would be closed at three o'clock P.M. 

At the close of the Poll, it appeared that there was for the 
1 st Resolve ... - 2805 Yeas 2006 Nays 
2 nd ditto .... 2611 " 2195 " 
3 rd ditto .... 2690 " 2128 " 
4 th ditto .... 4557 u 257 " 
5 th ditto .... 2727 " 2087 " 

The Moderator stated the number of votes, for, and against, 
each article, and declared the whole report accepted by the 
Town. 

Voted, That the thanks of the Town, be given to the respective 
Committees, who were concerned in drawing up the several 
reports, on the subject of City Government, and judicial Police. 

The Meeting was then Dissolved. 

Thomas Clark, Town Clerk. 



[455.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, qualified to vote in town affairs, 
held at Faneuil Hall, on Monday the 14 th day of January, A.D. 
1822. 10 o'clock A.M. 



264 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Warrant for calling the meeting read. 

The petition of John H. Wheeler, and others, "That the 
Town would petition the Legislature to alter or repeal the Law, 
regulating the building within the Town." was read and after 
debate, it was Voted, To petition the Hon 1 . Legislature, so far 
to alter or repeal the existing Laws, regulating the building 
within the Town of Boston, as to permit the Citizens thereof, to 
erect wooden buildings, upon an elevation not exceeding eighteen 
inches above the level of the Streets. of eighteen feet posts, 
with the addition of a roof not to exceed a regular pitch of one 
third. which roof shall be slated, and when two or more build- 
ings shall be joined together, there shall be a brick partition wall, 
of at least eight inches in thickness ; and in each and every 
building so erected there shall be one or more windows, or a 
scuttle in the roof thereof. 

Voted, that the Gentlemen Selectmen be requested to prepare 
a petition to the Hon 1 . Legislature conformable to the above vote. 

Voted, That our Senators & Representatives [456] be 
directed to use their influence in procuring the passage of a Bill 
by the Hon 1 . Legislature conformable to the above vote of the 
Town. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be requested, to cause tc be pub- 
lished and distributed to the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, 
a correct List stating the amount of Real and Personal Estate 
on which the inhabitants of the Town have been valued, doomed, 
assessed and taxed for the year 1821 And also all abatements 
that have been made from the estimation if any, previous to the 
first day of January 1822. 

The meeting was then Dissolved. 

Attest, Tho. Clark, Town Clerk. 



[457.] At a legal Meeting of the Freeholders and other 
Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, holden at Faneuil Hall, on 
Monday the 4 a day of March A.D. 182210, o'clock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

This Meeting was called in conformity to the twenty third, 
and twenty first Sections of an Act entitled "An Act to establish 
the City of Boston " passed on the 23 d day of February 1822. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1822. 265 

The Selectmen presiding ; the Chairman stated to the Inhabi- 
tants, that the "Act for establishing the City of Boston," had 
been printed and distributed with the Notification for calling the 
Meeting; Whereupon it was moved and Voted, that the read- 
ing of the Act be dispensed with. 

The Chairman submitted the following questions to the qual- 
ified voters of th'e Town, and requested them to write yes, or no, 
against each Question. 

1 st . Question Will you accept the Charter granted by the Leg- 
islature entitled " An Act to establish the City of Boston." 

2 d . Question " Shall the Election for State and United States' 
Officers be holden in General Meeting." 

Voted, That the Poll be closed at 3 o'clock. 

At the close of the Poll it appeared, that [458] the whole 
number of ballots given in on the first question, was forty six 
hundred and seventy eight 4678 viz. Yeas 2797 Nays 
1881 Majority 916 for accepting the City Charter. 

The whole number of votes given in on the second Question, 
was forty seven hundred 4700 viz. Yeas 1887 Nays 2813 
Majority 926 against electing State and United States' 
Officers, in General Meeting. 

The state of the votes was declared by the Chairman of the 
Selectmen ; and then the Meeting was 

Dissolved 

Attest Tho' Clark, Town Clerk. 



[459.] At a Legal Meeting of the Freeholders, and other 
Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, holden at Faneuil Hall on 
Wednesday the 6 th day of March A.D. 1822 10, o'clock A.M. - 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

It was moved and Voted that the Selectmen be requested to 
preside at this Meeting. 

The Petition of Asa Lewis and others, " To see if the Town 
will vote, to petition the Hon. Legislature at their next Session, 
so far to alter or repeal the existing laws regulating the building 



266 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

within the said town, as to permit the citizens thereof to erect 
wooden buildings to be occupied as dwelling houses, of 18 feet 
posts, and roof of a regular pitch of one third ; said build- 
ings, in no case, to be elevated more than eighteen inches from 
the level of the street to the bottom of the sill ; in no case to 
be more than thirty feet from the bottom of the sill to the highest 
point of the roof ; in no case to be more than twenty five by 
forty feet upon the ground. the roof to be slated, and to have 
at least one window or scuttle in the same. Whenever two or 
more buildings shall be joined together, there shall be a brick 
partition wall of at least eight inches in thickness; and, 
whenever such building shall be erected within six feet of any 
other wooden buildings of more than ten feet posts, it shall have 
a brick wall [46O] of the like thickness on the side so adjoin- 
ing." was read. 

A motion was made and seconded, That the prayer of the Peti- 
tioners be granted ; and that the question be taken by written 
ballots, at this time and place : The question being put, passed 
in the affirmative. 

Voted, That the Poll be closed at 2 o'clock. 

The Chairman of the Selectmen stated the Question thus. " As 
many gentlemen as are in favor of granting the request of the 
Petitioners will write on a ballot yes 

As many as are opposed to granting the prayer of the Peti- 
tioners will write on their ballot, no 

At the close of the Poll it appeared that the whole number of 
votes given in was 3411 viz 2837 yeas and 574 Nays so 
the question passed in the affirmative. 

Voted, That the gentlemen now composing the Board of 
Selectmen, be appointed a committee to present the Petition of 
the Town or City, to the Hon. Legislature at their next session. 

Voted, That the petitioners be empowered to appear by coun- 
sel on behalf of the Town, or City, to advocate, and defend the 
petition before the Hon. Legislature. 

[461.] Voted, That the thanks of the Town be given to 
the Selectmen, for their able, and impartial conduct, while pre- 
siding at this meeting. 

The Meeting was then dissolved. 

Attest, Tho' Clark, Town Clerk. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1822. 267 

. J At a legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the City 
(Town) of Boston, holden on the 28 th day of March A.D. 1822. 
10 o'clock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 
Hon 1 . Josiah Quincy was chosen Moderator. 

Hon 1 . Josiah Quincy Chairman of the Committee on the House 
of Industry made the following Report : viz 

At a Meeting of the Committee on the subject of Pauperism 
and a House of Industry, holden at the Committee Room, (Fan- 
euil Hall) Saturday March 2 d . 1822. 

A report from the Sub-Committee appointed on the 5 th Febru- 
ary last, on the subject of the occupation of the House and 
grounds the ensuing year, and also what further monies may be 
required for completing the same, being read and considered 
thereupon. 

Voted, That the same be adopted and that the Chairman be in- 
structed to request the Selectmen to call a town meeting forthwith 
in relation to the subject of said report 

A true extract from the records 
Attest, Henry J. Oliver, Sec y . 

The Committee appointed by the Town to superintend the 
erection of a House of Industry, in obedience to that general 
duty of early and exact accountability, incumbent [463] upon 
all those entrusted with the management of public monies, ask 
leave to lay before their fellow citizens the present state and 
progress of that institution ; their views in relation to it, and 
what appropriation it will be expedient for the town to make, for 
the completion and general preparation of the establishment, the 
ensuing year, by way of report. 

Conformably to the original estimate of the Committee, made 
in their first report in May last, and modified and explained by 
their report in October last, the appropriations made in May and 
October have proved ample to cover all the expenditures occurring 
during that year. It appears by the report of Francis Welch 
Esq r . Treasurer of the Committee, made the 15 th instant, and 
hereto annexed, that the whole expenditures during the past year 
on account of the buildings, exclusive of the land, was $19, 612 
leaving a balance at that tune, unexpended, in his hands, of 



In relation to the present condition and progress of the work, 
your committee have great satisfaction in stating that it is, in 



268 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

every material respect, conformable to their wishes and anticipa- 
tions ; and that no other or greater disappointments have occurred 
in the progress of it, than are inevitable, and [464] to be ex- 
pected, on occasions of this nature. 

In consequence of failure on the part of some of the contractors, 
the workmen were prevented from completing the external cov- 
ering of the centre building the last Autumn. The external walls, 
however, have been raised, the roofs of both wings fixed and 
boarded, the internal walls are carried up as high as the centre, 
and the upper floor and roof of the centre are also ready to be 
put on as soon as the season permits. The carpenters are rap- 
idly progressing in fixing the partitions, forming the rooms, 
preparing the window frames, doors, sashes and floor, so as to 
finish the whole work as early in the present year, as, with regard 
to its nature and permanency, can be deemed expedient. 

As stated in their last report, your Committee have been regu- 
lated in theif proceedings by regard to "strength, durability 
and permanent accommodation, without special attention to grati- 
fication of taste or architectural effect." They have, however, 
enlarged the building, for reasons stated in their last report, and 
sanctioned by the town, to a size, exceeding by at least one 
third, the dimensions originally contemplated. The weight and 
importance of those reasons continue to be strengthened by all 
the views, which have occurred to your Committee, in the course 
of the progress of the building. And, notwithstanding [465] 
the expenditures will, on this account, exceed the original esti- 
mates, yet the town will be amply compensated by the greater 
accommodations and permanent arrangements for economy or 
convenience, which will result. 

Similar views, in relation to the establishment, have induced 
your Committee to cause a barn to be erected, of small dimen- 
sions, but such as would be useful and necessary, upon whatever 
principle the institution should be conducted after it has been 
once put into operation. In addition to the general connexion 
of such a building with such an establishment, your Committee 
were induced to commence and finish that building forthwith with 
reference to the accommodation of the carpenters, during the 
winter season, thereby enabling them to use it as a work shop 
and a deposit for their finished materials, and expediting the 
whole arrangements of the ensuing Spring and Summer. This 
building, (sixty two feet long, forty wide, and twenty feet post,) 
has -been accordingly erected and completed, and its cost, though 
not included in the original estimate, has been paid out of the 
expenditures of the past year. 

With respect to the requisite appropriations, which will be 
expedient, for the present year, and the probable cost of the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1822. 269 

establishment, your Committee apprehend, that they are now 
qualified to speak as definitely and precisely, as, [466] from 
the nature of the subject is possible, and sufficiently so, for 
all purposes of wise decision and satisfactory judgment. 

The establishment will be undoubtedly completed, in all its 
parts and arrangements, by midsummer or early autumn. The 
appropriations of the present year, must have reference to its 
completion, and be considered as fixing the whole cost of the 
establishment. 

In addition to the building of the wharf, the house for the 
superintendent, the barn, and all those circumstances, which must 
continually occur, in a new undertaking of this extensive charac- 
ter, tending continually to enhance the expenditure beyond the 
estimate, as specified in the former report, the increase of the 
building one third in its dimensions, and various items of arrange- 
ments on the land, its fencing, and general preparation have had 
a similar tendency, yet in the apprehension of your Committee, 
though making a considerable addition in the aggregate, yet none 
of them are of a character, when examined either in relation to 
their objects or details, to excite any doubt concerning their 
expediency. 

In contemplating the whole expenditures, for the year, to com- 
plete the buildings upon the basis of the calculations heretofore 
made with the additions and augmentations, before specified, as 
also, contemplating unanticipated contingencies, in a new under- 
taking of this character, with the purpose [467] of having no 
deficiency within the year, and no additional application of im- 
portance, to the town, the committee recommend that the sum of 
Fifteen Thousand Dollars be put at the disposition of the Com- 
mittee ; a sum somewhat exceeding the amount of their esti- 
mate ; but on occasions of this kind, they are anxious, on the one 
hand that nothing should be omitted to fulfil all the wise designs 
of the town, in relation to the establishment, and they are, on the 
other, also anxious, that they may not be prevented from fulfill- 
ing them, acceptably, from any temporary deficiency, happening 
from any inadequate appropriation. 

A work of this public nature concerning which the opinions 
and views of many intelligent minds must be brought to coincide, 
and concerning the economies and accommodations of which new 
views are perpetually occurring, cannot be expected to be subject 
to the same minuteness of previous estimate, to which works of a 
smaller and a private nature may be reduced. With the expen- 
ditures which have already occurred, your committee have every 
reason to be satisfied, both as it respects the wisdom of the plans 
and the excellence of the execution ; and in proposing this 
amount; it is for the purpose of enabling them to finish, without 



270 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

further resort to the town, all the objects, which have been 
entrusted to their superintendence, in a mode, at once honorable 
to the Town, and complete as it respects the establishment. 

[468.] And your Committee have the great satisfaction to 
state, that not only the whole building has been thus far con- 
ducted and executed in a manner, wholly independent of any pri- 
vate or personal interest or contract on the part of those charged 
with the general superintendence of the work, but in a simplicity 
and cheapness of style, which, when its greatness and nature is 
contemplated, will bear a comparison in point of accommodation 
and economy, with any building heretofore erected by the town, 
and far inferior to those general estimates, which, judging from 
the cost of buildings of a similar extent, had been anticipated by 
their fellow citizens. 

In making this statement and estimate, your Committee must 
be understood, to comprehend only, the whole cost of the build- 
ing, and establishment, complete for occupation. The powers 
and authorities of the present committee, in their apprehension, 
extend no farther. But in the present advanced stage of the 
undertaking, they deem it their duty and within the scope of their 
instructions to recall the attention of their fellow citizens to its 
original design, and to those arrangements, which have now 
become necessary, in order to put the Institution into a train of 
prosperous activity, in relation to the objects, for which it was 
originally designed ; for the purpose [469] of bringing before 
their fellow citizens, the powers and authorities, which ought now 
be given and exercised for these purposes. 

This Institution had its foundation in two petitions, brought 
forward by Thomas Howe and others, and by Joseph May and 
other*. The objects as specified in the former petition, were ; 
" for the establishment of a House of Industry, Work House, or 
Penitentiary, where means might be afforded for the employment, 
instruction, and reformation of the idle or vicious poor, and of 
those capable of doing any thing towards their own support, and 
yet claim public charity." The objects, proposed by the latter, 
were the establishment of " a Workhouse, in some secluded situ- 
ation, as a receptacle for the idle, the dissolute, and intemperate, 
where ; under a strong and vigilant government, they may be 
employed and kept secluded from a mischievious intercourse with 
the town, their labour made to contribute to their own support, 
their habits improved, if not reformed, their number diminished, 
and the growth of the alarming evil of pauperism checked, and 
the public burthens ultimately lightened." 

These objects, thus developed, have been the basis of two dis- 
tinct reports to the Town made by the Committee, charged with 
the consideration of those petitions, and afterwards with the erec- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1822. 271 

tion of the House of Industry, and have [4:70] been strictly 
kept in view, in all their plans and arrangements made upon the 
subject. 

The great, primary objects of the Institution, your Committee 
have always deemed to be, moral effect, upon the idle and vicious 
poor. 

1 st . By restraining them. 2 d . By compelling them to 
work. 3 d . By secluding them from their old haunts and giving 
them new habits. 4 th . By affording them moral and religious 
instruction suited to their age or condition. 5 th . Relief to 
society from open drunkenness and street beggary, and the petty 
pilfering carried on under the forms of poverty by children of the 
idle and vicious poor on our wharves, in our streets, and in our 
Market places. 

The secondary objects of this institution, in the apprehension 
of your committee has always been the diminution of the expenses 
of the town and of the burthen at present sustained, in supporting 
the idle and the vicious, and that part of the poor capable of 
labor. This object, however, your Committee consider not only 
as secondary, but as incidental ; and though a certain consequence 
of a well arranged and well conducted system of management, of 
this establishment, yet not as the test either of the importance of 
the original design, or the success of the institution. 

Your Committee apprehend that, altho' the institution should 
not by [any] possibility effect [471] an immediate or early 
reduction of the expenses of the Town, in this relation, yet that 
a good to society, greatly surpassing a pecuniary benefit, will 
result ; not to be estimated by money and superior to all con- 
siderations of that nature. 

Without pressing general reflections of this kind farther on the 
attention of their fellow citizens, already sufficiently satisfied and 
sensible of them, as the origin and the present progress of this 
Institution abundantly evidences, your committee restrict them- 
selves on the present occasion simply to remark, that in the 
present stage of the establishment, it is proper that a system of 
management, conduct, and discipline should be in train of prepa- 
ration that the land connected with it should be put under the 
control of some superintendence, having reference to the general 
design of the Institution, that measures should be adopted, 
and authorities given for the selection of a suitable Overseer, so 
that as soon as it is capable of receiving its inmates it may be in 
a condition to begin its work of restraint, labor and discipline. 
Whether these objects will be better to be entrusted forthwith 
to any special committee, or be referred to those authorities, 
which under a City organization are about to be invested with 



272 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

the care and management of the [472] concerns of the Town 
your Committee refer to the wisdom of their fellow citizens ; only 
remarking, that upon the vigor of the management, the wisdom 
of the system, and on the qualifications of the superintending 
officer, its economical, if not its moral effect, must obviously, in 
a great measure depend. 

All the committee apprehend at this time necessary to be done, 
is to authorize such a sum of money to be put at their disposition 
as will enable them to complete the Institution at the time con- 
templated ; and that they should be authorized to make such gen- 
eral arrangements of a temporary nature, relative to the manage- 
ment and preparations of the land, as the present season may 
require, leaving to the new authorities the power of selecting the 
superintendent and arranging the general system of discipline and 
conduct. 

As, however, in the opinion of your Committee, it may be pos- 
sible that some modifications of the laws may be useful in form- 
ing such a system, and a consequent resort to the Legislature at 
their ensuing session, necessary, and as waiting for the organiza- 
tion of the city authorities may occasion an inexpedient and dis- 
advantageous delay in commencing the operations of the system, 
your committee respectfully suggest, that authority should be 
invested in and instructions given to this or some committee to 
prepare such a system of [473] conduct and discipline, and to 
lay the same before the city authorities, as soon after their organ- 
ization as may be practicable by way of report, with such elucida- 
tions as may be deemed expedient ; and that the town should 
recommend to the city authorities, to take early measures, for the 
consideration of the subject matter of such report, and for the 
adoption of an efficient system of discipline and management; 
and for the putting the Institution into effective operation. In 
conformity with these views, they present to their fellow citizens, 
for their consideration and adoption, the following resolutions. 
For the Committee 

Josiah Quincy, Chairman. 
March 21. 1822. 

Voted, That the sum of Fifteen Thousand Dollars be put at 
the disposition of the Committee for building the House of 
Industry, and that the said Committee be authorized to draw on 
the Town Treasurer, for any sum or sums of money, not exceed- 
ing that amount, whenever they may deem it wise or necessary. 

Voted, That said Committee be instructed to provide for the 
temporary care, management, and preparation of the land, as 
may be necessary during the present spring and summer, and 
until arrangements on that subject be made by the authorities to 
be [474] established under the city organization. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1822. 273 

Voted, That the Committee having care of the erection of the 
House of Industry, be instructed as soon as possible to make use 
of any able bodied poor in the ahnshouse And the Overseers 
of the Poor be requested to deliver over any such poor to the 
care of said Committee upon their application. 

Voted, That the Committee charged with the care of the House 
of Industry be authorized to prepare a system for the general 
conduct, management, and discipline of said House, and of the 
land connected with it, and to lay the same before the said city 
authorities, for their consideration, as soon as practicable after 
their organization ; and that the said city authorities, be and 
hereby are requested to take the same and the subject matter of 
such report into their early consideration, and to adopt such 
measures in relation to the same as will ensure the attainment of 
an efficient system of discipline and management, and as may put 
the said Institution forthwith into effective operation. 

A statement of cash paid towards the materials for, and labor 
done on the House of Industry, barn, wharf &c &c 

For lumber for wharf, barn & house $5691 - 

For stone 3266 



8,957 



[475.] Amount brought up 8,957 

For bricks 1291 

Eor sand and lime - 799 

For labor in filling up wharf, digging cellar and 

well, &c &c 1379 

To masons 4211 

To carpenters ---- 1740 

To the Superintendent and to the laborers employed 

to take care of the materials, &c. 831 

For incidental expenses 404 



$19.612 
Cash on hand 388 



$20,000 



Francis "Welch, Treasurer 
Boston March 15. 1822. 



Voted, That the foregoing report be accepted, and published in 
three of the Newspapers printed in this City. 

The Petition of Henry Davis and others, for a new school 
house at the north part of the town being rea<5 it was 



274 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

Voted, The Petition of Henry Davis and others be committed 
to the School Committee with instructions to them to proceed 
forthwith to build a school house at the north part of the town, 
and to locate the same in some suitable place. 

[476.] Voted, That the School Committee be requested in 
building the said School House, to take into consideration the 
connecting with it an Engine House, a Watch house and a Room 
for Ward Meetings. 

The Meeting was then Dissolved. 

Attest, Tho' Clark, Town Clerk. 



[477.] At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the City [Town] 
of Boston, qualified as the Constitution prescribes, holden at 
Faneuil Hall, on Monday, the 1 st day of April A.D. 1822 9 
o'clock A.M. 

Prayer by Rev. Mr. Parkman. 

The Constitution respecting the election of Governor, Lieutenant 
Governor, Counsellors and Senators was read also the law divid- 
ing the Commonwealth into Districts for the choice of Senators 
read 

Voted, that the poll shall be closed at 2 o'clock P.M. 

The Chairman of the selectmen requested the inhabitants to 
prepare and bring in their votes for Governor and Lieutenant 
Governor of the Commonwealth ; and six Senators for the District 
of Suffolk. 

Persons voted for as Governor, with the number of Votes for 
each person viz 

His Excellency John Geo. G. Channing - - 1 

Brooks - - - 3114 Jacob Eustis - - - - 1 

Hon 1 . William p:ustis - 1421 [478] George W. Otis 1 

John Phillips - - ID. Webster - ... 1 

William Phillips - 1 James N. Maffitt - - 1 

John Lowell - - 1 Benjamin Loring - - - 1 

Stephen Fairbanks 1 Benj a . J. French - - - 1 

Jonathan Simonds 1 Ez Hawkes - ... 1 

Persons voted for as Lieutenant Governor, with the number of 
votes for each Person viz 

His Ho nor William Hon 1 . Levi Lincoln - - 1425 

Phillips - - - 3115 William Eustis - 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1822. 



275 



James Brewer - - 2 

William Ernmons 1 

Josiah Bradlee - 1 

Mich 1 . Roulstone - 1 

D Webster - - 1 



Ben Russell 
Eben Thayer - 
Simon Gardner 
J. D. Howard 
E. H. Bobbins 



Persons voted for as Counsellors 
Suffolk, with the number of votes 
Hon 1 . John Phillips - - 4273 
" Thomas H. Per- 
kins - --- 2331 
' ' Jonathan Hunne- 

well .... 2188 
Lem 1 . Shaw - - 2305 
Joseph Tilden - - 2370 
Benjamin Russell - 2098 
Hon 1 . Henry Dearborn - 2106 
George Sullivan - 2044 
Sam 1 . L. Knapp - - - 14 
Henry Orne ----- 7 
James Lloyd - ... 8 
W m . Sullivan - - - - 5 
William Gray - ... 5 
W m Prescott - - - - 4 
Sam 1 . Brown - - - - 3 
Warren Button ... 3 
Jesse Putnam - ... 2 
Thomas H. Parker - - 2 
Gerry Fairbanks - - - 2 
H. Emmons - - - - 2 
Tho 8 . Jackson - ... 1 
Jon a . Howard - ... 1 
George Darracott - - - 1 
Edw. Tuckerman - - - 1 
Quincy Tufts - - - - 1 
A. B. C. Dow - ... 1 
H. A. S. Dearborn - - 1 
John B. Brown - - - - 1 
Henry Gassett - - - - 1 
Jos. Bumstead - - - - 1 
Nath 1 . G. Snelling - - - 1 
John Lepean - - - - 1 
Jon a . Simonds - ... 1 
Holbrook, Dexter & C. - 1 
Elijah Morse - - - - 1 
Heman Lincoln - - - 1 
Samuel Hubbard - - - 14 
Isaac Winslow - - - - 6 
Joseph Jenkins - - - 8 
Daniel Sargent - - - - 5 



and Senators for the District of 
for each person viz 
Thomas L. Win- 

throp - - - 2055 
[479] Benjamin Whit- 
man - - - - 1885 
Samuel A. Wells 1884 
Samuel Billings .- 261 
Jacob Hall - - 258 
Daniel Baxter - 236 
Doct. William Ingalls - 224 
John Brazer - - 211 
S. A. Whitman - - - 1 
Eleazer Pratt .... 1 
Geo. W. Bazin ... 1 

W m Tudor 1 

David Sears - - - -' 1 

Abr m . Babcock ... 1 

David Hill 1 

Joshua Eayres - - - - 1 

Rufus Barrus .... 1 

George Blake .... 1 

Jon a . Phillips .... 1 

Redf d . Webster ... 1 

Sam 1 . Frothinghain - - 1 

Geo. W. Otis ... 1 

Jn. Wells 14 

Dan 1 . Webster - ... 6 

Lynde Walter .... 6 

Eb. Clough 5 

P. C. Brooks .... 4 

Jn. Cotton 3 

Josiah Quincy - ... 3 

Fra. J. Oliver .... 2 

John Brooks .... 2 

Jon a . Amory - - - - 2 

Ja 8 . Savage 2 

Jn. BeUows .... 1 

Tho' L. Whitman - - 1 

George Cabot - ... 1 

Jos. Bosed 1 

Tho' K. Thomas - - - 1 

Lewis Tappan ... - 1 

En. Silsby 1 



276 CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 

M Roulstone ---- 4 W m D. Sohier - - - - 1 

Benj a . Loring - - - - 4 John C. Watts - - - - 1 

Jn. T. Apthorp 3 Benj a Rand - ... 1 

Jos. T. Buckingham - - 2 B Homer 1 

Tho 8 . Melville - - - - 2 J. F. Trueman - - - - 1 

Nath 1 . Tracy .... 2 Tho' K. Jones - - - - 1 

D Messenger - - - - 2 Sam 1 . Cobb ----- 1 

Francis C. Gray - - - 2 W m . Minot - - - - - 1 

B. L. Russell - - - - 1 Thad 8 . Page - - - - 1 

John Sears ----- 1 Benj a . West - - - - 1 

[48O] Henry Williams - 1 Benj. Rich 1 

Thomas Badger - - - 1 Benj. Abrahams - - - 1 

W m . P. Codman - - - 1 Ja s . Loring 1 

Benj. Whittemore - - - 1 Fra 8 . Welch - - - - 1 

Benj a . Winthrop - - - 1 Enos Cobb ----- 1 

W m . Plympton - - - - 1 Win. Lewis - - - - 1 

Thomas Paul - - - - 1 James T. Austin - - - 1 

Attested copies of return of Persons voted for as Governor, 
Lieutenant Governor, Counsellors and Senators for the District 
of Suffolk were sealed up in open Town Meeting, (after the vote 
had been declared) to be transmitted to the Secretary of the 
Commonwealth as prescribed by law, and directed as follows 
viz 

"To Alden Bradford Esq. Secretary of the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts 

Votes of the Town of Boston, for Governor and Lieutenant 
[Governor] , sealed up in open Town Meeting." 

"To Alden Bradford Esq. Secretary of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts 

Votes of the Town of Boston, for six Counsellors & Senators, 
for the District of Suffolk sealed up in open Town Meeting." 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved. 

Attest, Tho' Clark, Town Clerk. 

N. B. The record of the meeting of April 1, 1822, is that of the last 
meeting of the inhabitants under the town form of government, conse- 
quently the last town meeting, so-called. The new City Government 
was organized on the first of May, 1822, under John Phillips as the lirst 
Mayor of Boston. 



INDEX, 



INDEX. 



Abutters of Town-dock, 183. 
Abrahams, Benjamin, 276. 
Academies, Private, 169. 
Accounts, Board of Health to audit, 3, 27, 

53, 68, 74. 

Court of Sessions, Legislative 
authority 
relative 
to, 238. 
report of 
co m m i t- 
tee on, 
231,239. 
House of Industry, report of, 

273. 
Overseers of Poor to audit, 3, 

27, 53, 68, 74. 

Town treasurer to audit, 3, 4, 
7, 11, 27, 32, 53, 59, 68, 74, 95, 
99, 101, 118, 137, 146, 175, 213. 
Act to erect work-house, 22, 195. 

establish City of Boston, 264, 266. 
fpr governing work-house, 195, 196. 
to incorporate Town, petition for, 32. 
for suppressing and punishing 

rogues, etc., 22. 
Actions against grantees of laud on Neck, 

31. 

Adams, Asher, 200. 
Caleb, 142. 

Daniel, 116, 139, 163, 166. 
James, 142. 
John, 114, 166. 
Joseph, 99, 163. 
Samuel, 118, 163, 179, 180, 200, 203, 

204. 

Address of inhabitants to President, 87. 

President to inhabitants, 89. 

Agents, to collect for street repairs, 31. 

deliver releases to adminis- 
trator of will of Thos. Boyl- 
ston, 85. 

repair streets, 31. 
Albany, 252. 
Aldermen, 258, 260, 261. 
Board of, 257. 
choice of, 257. 
confirmations by, 259. 
power of, 258. 

Alfred, Me., deed of town land in, 183. 
Alger, Cyrus, 200. 
Alley, Nathaniel, 95, 113, 133, 137, 171, 175, 

203. 

Alline, Henry, 176. 
William, 50. 

Allison, William, Jr., 51. 
Almshouse (see House of Industry: 
work-house), 184, 185, 186, 
187, 188, 194. 

accomodations of, 184, 189. 
Board of Superintendence 

for, 191. 

character of inmates, 250. 
cost of, 192. 
expenses of, 76, 186. 
Immediate necessity of, 184. 



Almshouse, in Leverett street, 194, 195. 
inspection of, 191. 
insufficiency of, 188. 
Marblehead, 185, 186. 

examination of. 

185. 

expense of, 185. 
new, Deer Island, proposed 
for, 190. 
ob j e c- 
tionsto, 
190. 
Salem, examination of, 185. 

expense of, 185. 
use of inmates for work on 

House of Industry, 273. 
Amory, Jonathan, 115, 162, 275. 

R. G.,92. 

Armstrong, Samuel F., 142. 
Andrews, Ebenezer, 159, 176. 
Ebenezer T., 48. 
James, 163. 

William, 137, 144, 175, 202. 
Anniversary of Independence, 37, 108, 

132, 156, 219, 223. 
Appleton, Nathan, 30, 58, 199. 

Samuel, 117, 142. 

Appointment of chief executive by Gov- 
ernor, 40. 
Appropriations of money, 11, 13, 194, 218, 

219, 246, 269, 272. 

Apthorp, John T., 48, 144, 161, 276. 
Army, commander of, 89. 
Arsenals, naval destruction of, 18. 
Artificers, privileges to, 44. 

regulations and restriction 

of, 47. 

Artillery company, 154. 
Assay-masters, choice of, 3, 27, 52, 67, 95, 

113, 137, 175. 

Assessors, to assess on personal prop- 
erty, 230. 
assistant, 6, 29, 47, 57. 73, 230. 

choice of, 228. 
committee to wait on, 206. 
to furnish selectmen with list 
of ratable polls, 6, 57, 73, 117, 
141, 160. 
petition from, for increase in 

compensation, 59. 
relative- to valuation 

of estates by, 172. 
power of, to assess taxes, 229. 
to receive yearly warrant 
from secretary of Common- 
wealth, 227. 
salary of, 14, 36, 79, 104, 131, 

154, 199, 202, 217. 
Atkins, H., 200. 

Auction of stalls in market, 69. 
Auctioneers, licenses to, 160. 
Augusta, 214. 
Austin, Benjamin, 5, 28, 57, 97, 99, 104, 116, 

118, 126, 134, 139, 153. 
Charles, 97. 
Charles T., 116. 



(279) 



280 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Austin, James T., 23, 28, 71, 74, 85, 86, 92, 
95, 97, 104, 110, 116, 118, 139, 141, 
161, 177, 179, 196, 198, 200, 276. 

Jonathan L., 6, 143. 

Joseph, 1, 24, 25, 31, 49, 50, 65, 66, 
93, 94, 110, 111, 112, 117, 136, 141, 
162, 173. 

Mr., 108, 13-2. 

Richard, 3, 27, 52, 67. 
Ayres, Moses Jr., 26, 174. 



Babcock, Abram, 135, 139, 163, 173, 177, 

198, 200, 251, 275. 
Mr., 157, 158, 159. 
Bacheldor (Balchelder), Josiah, 24, 30, 

58, 74. 

Bacon. R. Jr., 180. 
Badger, Col. Thomas, 52, 197. 
Mr., 52, 109. 

Thomas, 30, 48, 55, 71, 73, 81, 95, 
97, 115, 118, 123, 139, HI, 154, 
161, 208, 223, 254, 276. 
T.,200, 215. 
William, 211. 

Bainbridge, Theo., 116, 118, 143. 
Baker, F., 180. 

John, 162. 

Bakers, weight of bread to be sold by, 52. 
Balcb, Joseph, 145, 163. 
Baldwin, Rev. Thomas, 23, 71, 156, 161, 

179, 199, 200. 

Thomas, 29, 126, 141, 200. 
Ballard, Davis C., 161. 

J. C., 142. 
Ballots, Committee to sort and count, 256. 

Selectmen to prepare, 255. 
Ballou, Hosea, 139, 161, 179. 
Moses, 116. 
Rev., 93, 161. 
Bangs, William, 72. 
Banking Institutions, 43. 
Bankruptcy, commission, 84. 
Banks, Augusta, 211. 

Boston, 148, 149. 

Cnstine, 211, 214. 

Halls, 214. 

Hollowell, 211. 

Manufactures and Mechanics, 214, 

215. 

Massachusetts, 148. 
Wiscassett, 211,214. 
bills of, 211. 
debts to, 4, 33. 
stock taxation of, 229. 
Bannister, John, 3, 26, 51, 67, 95. 
John P., 112, 137. 
Jonathan F., 175. 
Barbour, Thomas, 3, 26, 51, 67, 95. 
Burn, in connection with House of 

Industry, erection of, 268. 
Barnard, Tristram, 29, 57, 72, 97, 116. 

T., 163. 

Barrett, Fra., 163. 
Barstow, Jacob, 112, 137, 175. 
Bartlett, Enoch, 200. 

T., 80. 

Barton, A. O., 200. 
Barrus, Rufus. 276. 
Barry, Thomas, 7, 30, 58, 74. 
Bass, Henry, 65, 93, 110, 111, 123, 135, 162, 

173. 
Bass, Jonas, 201. 

Mr., 157, 168, 159. 

Bassett, Francis, 74, 98, 117, 162, 180. 
Bates, Harvey, 118. 
Baxter, Daniel, 134, 145, 161, 173, 275. 
D., 142, 179, 200. 
James, 95, 113. 
Mr., 157. 

Bazin, George W., 275. 
Bean, Horace, 162. 

S., 143. 
Beggars, 195. 



Beggars, Act for suppression and pun- 
ishing of, 22. 

Beggary, methods of relief from, 271. 
Belknap, John, 163. 
Bell, Thuball, 10. 

Bellows, John, 30, 97, 161, 200, 251, 275. 
Bells, tolling of, 5, 28, 56, 71, 96, 114. 
Bender, Jacob, 115. 
Bent, Adam, 173, 201. 
Berry, Ebenezer, 112. 
Bequest of Thos. Boylston, 83. 
Bigelow, Jacob, 163. 

Timothy, 163. 
William, 13, 20. 
Bill relative to incorporating town of 

Boston, 261, 262. 
town government, 38, 

45, 261. 
to transfer business of Justices of 

Peace to Police Court, 262. 
Billings, Mr., 157, 158, 159. 

Samuel, 72, 118, 134, 143, 162, 164, 

173, 180, 200, 220, 275. 
Bingham, Caleb, 6, 28. 
Binney, Amos, 97, 116, 121, 140, 161, 174, 

200, 213. 
Andrew, 135. 
Blake, Benjamin, 116. 

George, 48, 57, 86, 140, 161, 241. 
Henry, 3, 26, 51, 67, 94, 112, 136, 174. 
William, 164, 203. 
Blanchard, George, 2, 7, 15, 25. 
Bliss, Alex., 142. 
Board of Aldermen, 257. 

Health, 8, 12, 15, 32, 34, 35, 36, 
39, 43, 45, 46, 47, 52, 
53, 59, 63, 75, 77, 91, 
102, 103, 108, 109, 119, 
123, 130, 132, 133, 137, 
146, 147, 152, 157, 158, 
159, 170, 178, 208, 258. 
accounts to audit, 3, 

27, 53, 68, 74. 
appropriation for, 218. 
authority of, 122. 123. 
communication from, 

113. 
current expenses of, 

61, 120. 
drafts Of, 61, 101, 208, 

210. 

powers of, 46, 47, 54. 
power of to alter quar- 
antine regulations, 
54. 

powers of interfering 
with those of select- 
men, 54. 

power of, to isolate 
contagious disease, 
54. 

powers of, relative to 
burial-grounds, 145. 
president of, 123. 
proposed change in, 

39. 

compensa- 
tion for, 
53. 
recommendation o 1 , 

123. 

report of, relative to 
burial-ground in 
South Boston, 122. 
Boardman, Darius, 36, 163. 
J. F., 163. 
Mr., 157, 159. 
William, 72. 
Boards and shingles, surveyors of , choice 

Of, 3, 26, 51, 67, 112^.136, 174. 
Bond, George, 117, 141, 161, 179, 180, 182. 
Jeremiah, 200. 
of Joseph Field, 4. 
Uriah Cotting, 149. 



INDEX. 



281 



Bond of Ward N. Boylston, 120, 149, 151, 

216. 
town treasurer, 15, 64, 109, 133, 

159. 

Bonds, interest on, 150. 
Bondsmen, 11, 15, 37, 64, 91, 133, 158, 159. 
responsibility of, 4. 
of town collector, 11, 15, 31, 

64,91,133, 158. 
treasurer, 11, 15, 37, 

64, 91, 133, 158. 
Bosed, Joseph, 275. 

Boston; 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, 15, 17, 19, 
20, 22, 23, 25, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 
35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 
46, 49, 53, 55, 57, 58, 59, 60, 63, 64, 
65, 68, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 78, 
79, 8-2, 83, 85, 86, 87, 88,89, 90, 96, 98, 
99,100, 102, 104, 108, 110, 114, 116, 
118, 119, 120, 122, 126, 127, 128, 
129, 131, 132, 134, 138, 140, 144, 
145, 147, 151, 156, 160, 164, 166, 
167, 168, 171, 172, 177, 178, 181, 
182, 183, 196, 201, 208, 209, 210, 
212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 219, 
220, 223, 224, 2'25, 227, 231, 233, 
23o, 236, 238, 251, 252, 256, 258, 
260, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 267, 
273, 274, 276. 
act relative to, 196. 
almshouse, 187. 
bank. (See Banks.) 
brigade, 38. 
cemetery, 122. 
city of, 256, 257. 

act to establish, 264, 265. 
bill for government of, 45. 
committee to fix boundary lines 

of, 252. 

corporation of, 45. 
intendant of town and city of, 45. 
mill corporation, 138, 144, 145. 
Keck, land on, 4, 244, 247. 

for almshouse, 192. 
choice of trustees, 
12, 30, 58, 78, 99, 
121, 143, 182. 
injury to, 13. 
rent of, 150, 209, 

212. 
report of trustees, 

13. 

to sell or lease, 162. 
proposed change in government 

of, 38. 

name of, 45. 
proposition to make into separate 

county, 235. 
Bowker, Allen," 2, 26, 51, 67, 94, 112, 136, 

174. 

Boyd, John P., 141, 162. 
Boylston, Dr., 151, 216. 
Mr., 84, 85. 
Thomas, 83, 85, 86, 99. 
Ward N., 74, 83, 85, 86, 99, 120, 

149, 151,211,216. 
donation, publishing receipts 

from, 107, 

market. (Vee Market.) 
Bradford, Alden, 6, 29. 98, 110, 116, 140, 

163, 180, 181, 276. 
Gamaliel, 159. 
William B., 118, 162. 
Bradlee (Bradley), David, 142. 

Elizabeth, 148. 

J., 9, 33. 

Joseph P., 23, 116, 163, 

203. 
Josiah, 58, 73, 74, 81, 

116, 275. 
Mr., 158, 159. 
Nathaniel, 2,3,26,51, 
67, 94, 95, 112, 113, 
136, 137, 174. 



Bradlee (Bradley), Thomas, 164. 
Bradstreet, Joseph P., 200. 
Brawlers, 196. 
Bray, John, 49, 50, 65, 107, 111, 136. 

Ma)., 2. 
Brazer (Brazier), Joseph, 200. 

John, 9, 97, 118, 141,162, 

166, 275. 
Bread, market inspectors to enforce law 

relative to weight of, 53. 
weight of, 52. 
Brewer, James, 200, 275. 

Thomas, 118. 
Bridewell, 196. 

cells in, 195. 

use of bath-house as, 195. 
Bridges, South Boston, 123, 244. 

toll from, 244. 
Briggs, William, 182. 
Brigham, Caleb, 56. 
J., 176. 
T., ISO. 

Brimmer, Martin, 143, 162, 200. 
Brinley, George, 134, 163. 

Mr., 135. 

Brookers, Mrs., 33, 60, 76, 102, 120, 218. 
Brooks, John, 56, 71, 96, 114, 139, 179, 180, 

274, 275. 
N., 180. 
Peter C., 28, 116, 117, 139, 142, 

161, 164, 166, 180, 199, 251, 275. 
Brookline, 252. 
Brown, Daniel, 164. 

James, 3, 26, 51, 67, 95, 112, 136, 137, 

174, 175. 
John, 142, 275. 
Samuel, 5, 28, 67. 71, 97, 115, US, 

140, 142, 162, 165, 166, 244, 275. 
William, 7, 12, 29, 163. 
Bryant, John, 162. 
Perez, 118. 

Buckingham, Joseph T., 176, 276. 
Buildings, brick, 205. 

house of industry, description 

of, 245. 
location of, 

244. 
laws relative to erection of, 

183, 204, 205. 
public superintendence of, 

258. 

wooden.law relative to,264,266. 
Bulflnch, Charles, 1, 10, 12, 13, 15, 18, 24, 

25, 35, 49, 57, 62, 65, 77, 89, 93. 
Bullard, Lamson, 72. 
Bumstead, Joseph, 275. 
Buonaparte, Napoleon, 179. 
Burial-grounds on Xeck, change in site 

of, 13. 

police of, 145. 
repairs of, 145. 
south, article in warrant 

to extend, 137. 
South Boston, committee, 

114, 123. 
commu n 1- 
ca ti o n 
from 
Board of 
Health 
rela t i v e 
to, 113. 
propos e d, 
1 n c o n- 
venlence 
of, 122. 
proposed, 
purchase 
Of land 
for, 122. 
report of 
com m i t- 
tee, 122, 
130. 



282 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Burroughs, George, 143, 163. 

Burrows, William, 135, 174. 

Business, obstruction to, by trucks, 80, 81. 

stagnation of, 76. 
Bussell, Benjamin, 275. 
By-laws, 42, 46, 69, 70, 72, 73, 81. 
enacting of, 256. 
relative to carts and trucks, 72, 

73. 
obstruction of streets, 

81. 

obstructing walks, 14. 

market, report of 

committee on, to 

revise, 68. 

removing snow from 

walks, 167. 
throwing snow from 

roofs, 14. 

weight of loads to be 
drawn in streets, 
80, 82. 



Cabot, Frederick, 142. 

George, 28, 57, 72, 97, 163, 166, 188, 

275. 

Joseph, 107, 113, 137, 144, 175. 
Mr., 28. 

Cadets from West Point, 220. 
Callander, Charles, 97, 115. 
D., 176. 
John, 164. 
Joseph, 55, 70, 203. 
B. B., 142, 200. 
Cambridge, 262. 
Campbell, John, 142. 
Carleton, Jonathan, 200. 
Carney, Daniel, 72, 162, 182, 223. 
Carter, Charles, 56. 

James, 72, 142. 
Carts, by-law regulating loads carried 

in, 82. 

in Dock square, 69. 
regulation of, 72, 73, 82. 
regulating standing of, in market, 

70. 
Carver, Mr., 133, 158, 159. 

Ruben, 162, 

Cary, Rev. Samuel, 2, 25. 
Cellar under Merchant's Hall, 177. 
Cemetery. (See Burial-grounds.) 
Champney, Joseph, 3, 26, 51, 67, 95, 113. 

O. W., 176. 
Chandler, John, 115. 
Channlng, Edward T., 58, 74, 90. 
George G., 274. 
G. C., 162. 
Mr., 2. 

Rev. William E., 27, 139, 162. 
Chapman, Jonathan, 163. 
Charlestown, 42. 
Chelsea, 233, 235, 236, 238. 

amount of county tax paid by, 

236. 

Selectmen of, 221, 224. 
Cheverus, Rt. Rev. John, 162. 
Chief executive, appointment of, by gov- 
ernor, 40. 
Child, David W., 115, 142, 153, 162, 173, 

200, 251. 
John R., 202. 
Joshua, 142. 
Children, cost of educating, 168. 

money for education of, 124, 125. 
petition to establish school for 
those under seven, 100. 

report of 
commi t- 
tee on, 
105. 

schools for, 125. 

under seven years not attend- 
ing school, 1"4. 



Christie, Thomas, 2, 3, 6, 51, 67, 94, 112, 136, 

174. 

Church, New South, passageway re- 
quested by proprietors of, 4. 
Churches, Old South, 16, 37, 63, 90, 108, 

132, 156. 

City authorities, 272. 
City of Boston, 45, 46, 256, 257, 261. 

charter, act of Legislature granting, 

265. 

vote for,. 265. 
council, 256, 257, 260. 
duties of, 268. 
powers of, 268, 259. 
public meeting of, 258. 
to publish annual statement 

of public monevs, 259. 
Cities, southern, 80. 
City government, 254, 255, 266, 260, 261. 
bill relative to, 261. 
plan of, 257. 
proposed, 38, 39. 
report of committee, 

254, 255, 256. 
votes for resolves rel- 
ative to, 263. 

officers, nominations of, 259. 
rejection of, 259. 
salary of, 259. 
organization, 271. 
property, 44. 

council to publish annual 

statement of, 259. 
treasurer, choice of, 258. 

how chosen, 259. 
treasury, 259. 
Civil rights, 89. 
suits, 260. 
Claim against estate of Thomas Boylston, 

84. 
of David Hinckley, 145. 

Luther Ellis, 145. 
Clapp (Clap), Joshua, 72, 116. 
Thadius, 163. 
Timothy M., 116. 
Clark, Benjamin, 3, 26, 51, 67, 94, 95, 112, 

136, 137, 174. 
John, 143. 
N., 176. 
Samuel, 176. 

Thomas, 1, 16, 24, 36, 37, 49, 62, 65, 
79, 90, 93, 104, 108, 110, 131, 132, 
134, 138, 143, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 
160, 164, 165, 166, 172, 173, 178, 181, 
182, 199, 201, 202, 223, 263, 264, 265, 
266, 274, 276. 
Cleasby, John, 203. 

Clerk, Board of Aldermen, choice of, 257. 
of market, additional, 69. 

salary of, 69, 217. 
police court, appointment of, 48. 
compensation of, 48. 
duties of, 48. 
town treasurer, conduct of, 130. 

salary of, 130. 
Cleveland, A. P., 200. 
Clough, Ebenezer, 97, 110, 115, 118, 140, 

164, 179, 200, 275. 
Clouston, William, 2. 26, 51, 67, 94, 112, 

136, 174. 
Coal, law relating to carrying in streets, 

80. 

Cobb, Enos, 28, 57, 200, 276. 
Gershom, 176. 
Samuel, 6, 28, 97, 276. 
Cochran, William, 163. 
Codman, Henry, 176, 200. 

Stephen, 2, 3, 6, 7, 11, 14, 16, 19 r 
22, 25, 30, 32, 36, 50, 53, 58, 59, 
66, 67, 74, 75, 79, 83, 85, 86, 94, 
95, 98, 101, 111, 113, 116, 118, 
119, 131, 135, 137, 143, 146, 155, 
161, 174, 175, 201, 205, 214, 223, 
226, 239, 241. 



INDEX. 



283 



Codman, William P., 276. 
Coffin, Dr. Jonathan G., 176. 
George W., 200. 
John G., 144, 163. 
Peter, 159. 

Cogswell, John, 2, 26, 51, 67. 
Collamore, Mr., 133. 
Colton, John, 136. 
Commission of Bankruptcy, 84. 
Commissioner! in cities, duties of, 39. 

for defence of State, 18. 

Committee!" accounts, to audit, 5, 7, 8, 11, 

27, 32, 63, 59, 95, 113, 146, 176. 

report of, 15, 16, 20, 21, 31, 32, 

36,37,38,50,53,59,63, 

68, 74, 79, 80, 83, 86, 

99, 100,101, 105, 106, 

108, 118, 119, 122, 124, 

129, 130, 132, 133, 144, 

145, 146, 153, 154, 155, 

158, 167, 168, 172, 175, 

177, 178, 183, 184, 194, 

201, 204, 206, 207, 224, 

227, 231, 235, 241, 252, 

254, 267. 

rejection of, 55. 
municipal government, 32, 

255, 256. 
from wards, 144, 254. 

relative to new 
school for chil- 
dren, 124. 
relative to peti- 
tion of Benja- 
min Hum- 
phries, 171. 

to receive and count votes, 15, 
24, 99, 109, 110, 133, 134, 157, 
159, 175, 256. 

finance, 8, 10, 12, 75, 77, 99, 101, 
113, 118, 119, 130, 145, 
204, 206, 207, 236, 238. 
to report on salary of 
town treasurer, 127. 
choose county treas- 
urer proposed, 236. 
town treasurer, to examine 

bonds of, 133. 
administration of town and 

county, 241, 254. 
relative to uniting offices of 
town and county 
treasurer, 235. 
health of town, 55. 
town boundaries, to fix, 252. 
taxes, to consider assessing 

of, 227. 

delinquency of collec- 
tor, 20. 

School. (See School.) 
on petition for new schools, 

79, 

visit of President, 66. 
market, to enlarge, 96. 
South Boston, to superintend 
municipal concerns of, 176. 
burial-ground for South Bos- 
ton, 114. 
for South Bos- 
ton, to pur- 
chase land, 
123. 
on pound for South Boston, 

78. 

orator, to provide for July 
Fourth, 16, 68, 90, 108, 
182, 219, 223. 

petition relative to carts and 
trucks, 
73. 
workhouse, 

177. 

buil dings, 
204. 



Committees, petition of William Bigelow, 

13,20. 

Joseph Field, 16. 
David Green- 

ough, 95, 128. 
Isaac P. Davis, 

144. 
Josiah Jones, 203, 

204. 

inhabitants, 52, 53. 
to dispose of land on Ivers 

and Portland sts., 96. 
ascertain amount of out- 
standing taxes, 11, 20. 
consider responsibility of 

bondsmen, 15, 91, 109. 
wait on Ben j. Whitwell, 16. 
confer with board of health, 

53. 
hackney coaches, removal of, 

from streets, 203. 
court, general, 53. 
to petition legislature, 238, 

266. 

Court of Sessions, expenses 

of, 220. 

abolish- 

m e i) t 

of, 234. 

mill pond, 251. 

House of Industry, to select 
site f or, 

193. 

erecting 
of, 241. 
to prepare 
system 
of man- 
age- 
m e n t 
of, 

272, 273. 
filling va- 
cancies 
in, 203. 
to make 
use of 
able- 
bod led 
poor, 
273. 
sub.report 

of, l'J5. 
Common, the, 258. 

repairs of the, 107. 
town buildings near, 194. 
council, 257, 259, 261. 
clerk of, 257. 
powers of, 258, 259. 
president of, 257. 
councilmeu, choice of, 257. 
prison.useof as workhouse, 196. 
Commonwealth, the, 5, 9, 10, 15, 17, 19, 22, 
23, 39, 47, 50, 64, 65, 66, 
68, 92, 94, 96, 109, 110, 
111, 127, 148, 157, 176, 
179,184,185,210,219,260. 
amount due the, 147, 213. 
convention for revising 
constitution of, 160, 
181. 

laws dividing into dis- 
tricts, 5, 114, 274. 
of, relative to elec- 
tion of repre- 
sentatives, 6, 29. 
law of, relative to House 
of Cor- 
rection, 
196. 

to qualifi- 
cation 
o f vot- 
ers, 117. 



284 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Commonwealth, law of, relative to 

schools, W, 136. 
secretary of, 6, 29, 57, 72, 
98,116, 140,157,165,166, 
181, 236, 276. 

Communication from board of health, 113. 
justices of Court of 

Sessions, 123. 
Ward N. Boylston, 

74. 

Congress, 92, 109, 110, 164, 165, 166. 
Constables, 17, 232, 233, 237, 239. 

appropriation for, 240. 
distribution of estimates by, 

106. 

method of choosing, 47. 
return of warrants by, 47. 
Constitution or frame of government, 5, 
6, 27, 29, 32, 42, 46, 47, 55, 56, 
57,64,71,73,96,98,114,117, 
138, 178, 196, 199, 254, 259, 
274. 
amendments to, 181. 

votes on, 181. 

convention to alter, dele- 
gates to, 157. 
change, 160. 

proposed change in, 39, 181. 
Contract with Mr. Boylston, 85. 
Convention to alter constitution of Com- 
monwealth, 160, 181. 

delegates to, 

157, 181. 

choose city treasurer, 258. 
county treasurer, 

206, 226. 
Cook, I., 163. 

Zebedee, 116. 
Zebedee, Jr., 138, 163. 
Coolidge, Joseph, 140, 142, 161, 173, 201, 203. 
Joseph, Jr., 2, 22, 24, 25, 49, 64, 65, 

93, 109, 111, 116, 117, 135, 141. 
J., 180. 

Mr., 133, 157, 158, 159. 
Copeland, Elisha, 12. 

Seth, 200, 203. 

Copp's Hill gun-house, removal of, 154. 
Cordis, Thomas, 200. 
Cornhill, 155. 
Coroners, 239, 240. 

Corporations, Boston and Boxbury Mill, 
application of, 138. 

report of committee on 

petition of, 144. 
Dock Square, 127. 
exemption from taxes, 229. 
organization of, 43. 
Cotter, John, 117. 
Cotting, Jeremiah, 144. 
Uriah, 120, 149. 
Cotton, John, 48, 58, 74, 98, 142, 143, 161, 

199, 254, 275. 
Councillors, choice of, 5, 97, 115, 139, 179, 

275. 

constitution relative to elec- 
tion of, 114, 138, 178, 274. 
County. (See Suffolk.) 
of Essex, 236. 

Middlesex, 236. 
Courts, County, 263. 

judges of, 263. 
money expended by, 232, 
070 

Common Pleas, 40, 54, 239. 

jurisdiction of,262. 
foreign, 84. 

General, 23, 38, 45, 64, 92, 98, 109, 
127, 128, 164, 165, 196,254, 
255, 256, 261. 

act of, relative to choice 
of president and vice- 
president, 165. 
acts of, relative to work- 
house, 196. 



Courts, General, representatives to, 160, 

199, 260. 

House, allowance of keeper, 240. 
jurisdiction of, 54. 
jurors for, 78, 153. 
Municipal, 40, 240. 

judge of, 62, 239. 
salary of judge, 13, 36, 
62, 79, 104, 131, 153, 
202, 217, 232. 

new, appointment of justices, 239. 
criminal, proposed, 235. 
duties of, 239. 
powers of, 239. 
salary of justices, 239. 
Police, 40, 41, 47, 256, 261 

choice of justices, 47. 
compensation of clerk, 48. 
justices, 

48. 

duties of clerk, 48. 
justices of, 263. 
justices of the peace as 

members of, 40. 
powers of, 40. 
records of proceedings to 

be kept by clerk, 48. 
sessions of, 47. 
selection of justices of, 48. 
Of Sessions, 70, 196, 234, 239, 240. 
abolishing of, 261. 
accounts of, 239. 
to apportion county 

tax, 227. 
approval of by-law 

by, 81, 167. 
bill to abolish, 262. 
clerk of, 236. 
communication from, 

123. 

committee relative to 

modification or 

abolishment of, 234. 

estimate of county 

tax by, 107, 237. 
granting of licenses 

by, 234. 

justices of, 70, 167. 
legislative authority 
relative to accounts 
of, 238. 

modification or abol- 
ishment of, 234. 
money borrowed by, 

238. 

received and 
disb ur sed 
by, 231. 
petition to abolish, 

238. 

report of committee 
on application of, 
231. 

report of committee 
on expenses of, 231. 
return of annual ex- 
pense ac- 
count to 
legisla- 
ture, 287. 
exp e n s e s 

of, 236. 
Selectmen to assume 

powers of, 262. 
statement of expenses 

of, 220. 

transfer of powers 
and authority of, 
47. 
transfer of functions 

of, 262, 263. 
Supreme, 53. 

judicial, 239, 240. 
Crime, protection against, 239. 



INDEX. 



285 



Criminal bills, 240. 

business, 47. 

records of, 48. 
jurisdiction, 232. 

saving in expense 

of, 234. 

prosecutions, 235. 
prosecution, abuses existing in, 

236. 

suits, 11, 260. 
trials, by Board of Magistrates, 

262. 
Criminals, detection of, 239. 

expenses for keep of, 240. 
Crocker, A., 48. 
Crosby, Walter, 17. 
Crowninshield, Benjamin W., 96, 114, 115, 

166. 

Cruft, Edward, 2, 25, 50, 66, 116, 200. 
Cullers of fish, choice of, 51, 59, 67, 95, 112, 

137. 
hoops and staves, 51, 67, 94, 112, 

136, 174. 

Cunningham, Andrew, 2, 25, 50, 66, 94, 112. 
Curtis, Alfred, 142. 
C. P., 201. 

Nathaniel, 2, 7, 25, 30, 50, 58, 66, 94, 
98, 112, 118, 135, 143, 163, 174, 180. 
Neddy, 3, 12, 27, 30, 51, 67, 95, 113. 
Gushing, E., 162. 

Thomas, 72. 
Cushman, H. L., 200. 
Cyecy, Cyrus, 201. 

Dale, Mr., 252, 253. 

Dall, William, 30, 58, 78, 99, 121, 143, 183. 

Dam, Leader, 176. 

Dame, Levi, 166. 

Danforth, Samuel, 163. 

Darricott, George, 57, 133, 143, 171,. 174, 

251, 254, 275. 
Davis, Charles, 2, 7, 25, 28, 30, 49, 58, 66, 74, 

93,97, 111,117,140,143. 
Daniel, 161, 171. 
Henry, 273. 
Isaac, 116, 144. 
J., 200. 

James, 118, 174, 200, 254. 
John, 161. 

Joshua, 12, 30, 58, 66, 78, 94, 95, 99, 
112, 121, 135, 143, 174, 182, 200, 203. 
Mr., 109, 158, 159. 
Thomas, 163. 
Dawes, Thomas, 12, 13, 17, 30, 58, 62, 78, 

79,99,104,121,131,143,153,161,202. 
Dean, Rev. Paul, 57, 110, 138, 161, 176, 200. 

Thomas, 114, 200. 
Dearborn, Gen., 87. 

Henry, 5, 28, 56, 71, 96, 97, 115, 
118, 139, 141, 161, 165, 166, 179, 
200, 275. 

Henry A. S., 56, 72, 275. 
N., 200. 
Debit and credit, 4, 9, 10, 21, 33, 66, 151, 

152, 216. 

Deeds, choice of register, 50, 173, 175, 258. 
to town land in Maine, 133. 

property, 46. 
Deer Island, for almshouse, 190. 

rent of, 213. 

Dedham, inspection of militia at, 38. 
Degrand (Dagrand), P. P. E., 118, 180. 

P. F., 72. 

Dehon, William, 115, 200. 
Delegates, choice of, by wards, 45. 

to convention to revise consti- 
tution of Commonwealth, 
157, 160, 181. 

superintending board, 41. 
Dennie, Thomas, 163, 200. 
Dexter, Dr. Aaron, 2, 25, 49, 66, 93, 111, 

136, 162, 176. 
Dexter, Franklin, 132, 143. 

Holbrook & Co., 275. 



Dexter, Samuel, 5, 28, 56, 116. 

Disease, contagious, board of health to 

isolate, 54. 
Dock. (See Town.) 
Dock Square Corporation, 127. 

erection o f 
buildings 
by, 127. 
erection of buildings near, 

127. 

sale of produce in, 69. 
Doggett, Noah, 3, 26, 51, 67, 94, 112, 136, 174. 
Dommett, C. M., ISO, 200. 
Donation of Mrs. Brooker,60, 102, 120, 218. 
Boylston, 120. 

publishing receipts 

of, 107. 
Franklin, publishing receipts 

of, 107. 

Donnison, William, 16'.>, 200, 212, 240. 
Dorchester, 252. 

point, 244. 
Dorr, Andrew C., 159. 

John, 142, 143, 167, 178. 
Mr., 108, 132, 133. 
Samuel, 65, 93, 111, 117, 142, 163. 
Dow, A. B. C., 275. 
Josiah, 5T.72. 
Drafts, board of health, 208, 210. 

overseers of poor, 9, 60, 76, 148, 

150, 151, 208, 210, 213, 216, 218. 
selectmen, 9, 60, 76, 120, 148, 150, 

151, 208, 210, 213, 216, 218. 
Drain under Merchant's Hall, injury to, 

177. 

owners to 
keep in 
r e p a ir, 
177. 

petition 
relati v e 
to, 177. 

Draper, Horace, 116. 
Lorenzo, 72. 
Draw under Merchant's Hall, petition to 

close, 167. 

Dray ton, Jonathan, 200. 
Drew, Job, 118. 
Drunkards, 195. 
Drunkenness, relief from, 271. 
Dunlap, A., 180, 200. 
Dunn, Samuel, 7, 30. 
Dunton, Daniel, 110, 143. 
Dupee, Isaac, 140. 
Dutton, Warren, 141, 161, 275. 
Dwight, Rev., 160. 

Sereno E., 141, 162. 
Dyer, John, 116,142,180. 

Eastman, Luke, 200. 
Eaton, Joseph, 98, 163. 
J., 180. 

Rev., 96, 140, 162. 
Thomas, 162. 
Eayres (Eyers), Joshua, 275. 

Moses, Jr., 3, 51, 67, 94, 

112, 136. 
Education, mode of, 169. 

system of, 26, 49, 66, 94. 

amendments 

needed to, 168. 
extent of, 168. 
evils of the, 16S. 
school committee 
a u t h o r i z e d to 
carry out, 111, 
136, 176. 
time required for elementary, 

168. 

Electors, choice of, 166. 
Elliot (Eliot), Ephraim, 2, 22, 25. 
Ellis, David, 164, 165, 200. 

Luther, 145. 
Ellison, James, 118. 



286 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Ellison. Samuel, 174. 

William, 2, 3, 26, 51, 67, 94, 95, 112, 

113, 136. 

William, Jr., 2, 26, 51. 
Emery, Jonathan, Jr., 118. 
Emmerson, Romanus, 12, 78, 99, 113, 137, 

174. 
Emmons, Henry, 143, 200, 275. 

Samuel, 3, 26, 51, 67, 95, 113, 137, 

175. 

William, 275. 
Engine-house in connection with school- 

house, 274. 
England, 84, 184, 191. 

English grammar schools. (See Schools.) 
Estates, appraising of, by assessors, 2'28. 
Thomas Boylston, 83. 

administra- 
tor of, 86. 

taxes on mortgaged, 227, 228. 
personal, petition relative to 
method of valuing. 
172. 

publishing list of ,264. 
real, publishing list of, 264. 
Estimate of county taxes, by court of ses- 
sions, 107, 237. 
Europe, 42. 
European nations, 42. 
Eustis, Jacob, 274. 
Joseph, 141. 
William, 5, 114, 115, 116, 118, 139, 

179, 180, 274. 
Evarts, Jeremiah, 140, 141, 163. 

J., 180. 

Everett, Alexander, 29, 97, 110. 
Otis, 142, 201. 
Samuel, 29. 

Expenses, control of, 43. 
county, 236. 

current, 139. 

report of committee, 

231. 

saving in, 237. 

waste in, 232. 

current, of overseers of poor, 

120. 

board of health, 120. 
of county, 139. 

selectmen, 120. 
tax for, 121, 219. 
of town, 103, 201. 
of Almshouse, 186. 

criminal jurisdiction, 234. 
dieting prisoners, 236. 
drain under Merchant's 

Hall, 177. 

ensuing year, 106, 152, 217. 
building House of Industry, 

246, 247, 248. 

Marblehead almshouse, 185. 
Salem almshouse, 185. 
public, committee to ascertain 

method of improving, 107. 
repairs of streets, 31. 



Fairbanks, Gerry, 72, 163, 200, 254, 275. 
Stephen, 274. 
S., 200. 
Fales, Samuel, 200. 

William A., 72. 

Faneuil Hall, 1, 5, 6, 7, 15, 16, 17, 19, 23, 27, 
29, 30, 32, 36, 37, 38, 49, 57, 
58, 63, 64, 65, 71,72, 73, 74, 
86, 90, 91, 92, 96, 98, 99, 108, 
109, 110, 114, 116,118,127, 
132, 134, 138, 140, 143, 156, 
160, 164, 165, 166, 172, 178, 
181, 182, 199, 201, 220, 221, 
223, 224, 256, 263, 264, 265, 
267, 274. 

Market. (See Market.) 
rent of, 212. 



Faneuil Hall, rent of cellars under, 150, 

209. 
stalls in, 209. 

under, 150. 

Farley, Ebenezer, 73, 81, 93. 
Farnham (Farnam, Farnum),Henrv, 111, 

171, 254. 
Mr., 108. 

Faxon, Richard, 7, 30, 58, 143. 
Fay, Heman, 203, 204. 
Fees. (See Salaries and Allowances.) 

of office, committee to form table 

of, 182. 

Felton, William P., 140. 
Fence viewers, choice of, 3, 12, 26, 51, 67, 

78, 95, 99, 113, J37, 174. 
Fennelly, Robert, 135, 157, 158, 159, 163, 

173, 200. 

Field, Deacon Joseph, 4, 13. 
Field-drivers, 144, 175, 203. 

petition to increase allow- 
ances of, 202. 
Finance, committec"on,'8, 10, 12, 58, 101, 

119, 146, 207, 228. 
plans, 43. 
Fines, 4, 14, 107, 209. 

collected by police officers, 212. 
for failure to remove snow from 

sidewalks, 167. 

relative to offences in market, 70. 
Firewards, 47, 122, 136, 150, 198. 

choice of, 2, 25, 50, 58, 66, 94, 
107, 112, 121, 128, 135, 143, 174, 
182. 

how chosen, 259. 
increase in number of, 121. 
resignation of, 107, 121. 
salary of messenger, 217. 
secretary, 217. 
Fish, choice of cullers of, 3, 26, 51, 59, 67, 

95, 112, 137, 174, 175. 
stall on North street, rent of, 213. 
Fisher, Nathaniel, 72. 
Fitch, Amos, 143, 163, 166. 

Jeremiah, 97, 116, 118, 134, 135, 143, 

173, 174. 

John, 97, 116, 143. 
Mr., 109, 133, 157. 
Foreigners, 42. 
Forfeitures, 107. 

Fort Hill, Boylston School at, 253. 
Fortune tellers, 196. 
Foster, James, 24, 118, 176. 
Joseph, 50, 142. 
William, 72, 163. 
William, Jr., 161, 176. 
Fox, John, 118, 142, 200. 
Francis, Ebenezer, 142, 162, 198. 
Franklin donation, publishing of receipts 

from, 107. 

Freeman, fiev. James, 161. 
Freemasons, application of, for lease of 
rooms in Old State House, 
145. 
lease of rooms In Old State 

House to, 138, 154, 155. 
French, Benjamin, 204. 

Benjamin J., 274. 
B. V., 180. 

John, 58, 74, 117, 251. 
Frothingham, Ebenezer, 142. 
George, 142. 
J., 162. 
Rev. Nathaniel L., 49, 111, 

114, 144, 165, 167, 176. 
Samuel, 275. 
Fuel for schools, 125. 
Fuller, Abraham W., 14, 22, 57, 163. 
Henry H., 142, 163, 182, 200. 
Funeral processions, 13. 



Gale, William, 140, 142, 163, 200. 
Gallison, John, 162. 



INDEX. 



287 



Gamage.N., 180. 
Gardner, J. S. J., 163. 
.Rev., 29. 

Samuel P., 139, 163. 
Simeon, 97. 
Simon, 197,275. 
S., 118, 180. 
Gassell, Henry, 276. 
Gerry, Elbridge, 162. 
Gill, Mr., 84. 
Glover, Nathaniel, 2, 26, 51, 67, 94, 112, 

136, 174. 
Goal, 198. 

allowance to physician of, 240. 
power over to be assumed by new 

court, 239. 
Goalcrs, 289. 
Goddard, Nathaniel, 98, 113, 115, 139, 163. 

Thacher, 7, 30, 58, 142. 
Goodman, Horace H., 200. 
Goortnow, S.,180. 
Goodrich, H., 72. 

Goodwin, Ozias, 2, 22, 25, 49, 65, 91, 93. 
Gore, Jeremiah, 200. 
Gorham, Benjamin, 7, 30, 58, 74, 97, 98, 115, 

139, 144, 164, 166. 
S., 212. 

Gould, Abraham, 176. 
Government, City, 254, 256. 
Municipal, 40. 

committee rela- 
tive to, 254. 
proposed alter- 
ations in, 44. 
report of com- 
mittee on, 255. 
system of, 32. 
national, protection by, 18. 
of schools, 26, 94, 136, 176. 
town and City of Boston, 

a bill for, 45. 
Governor, 18, 19, 27, 92, 98. 

and Lieut. -Governor, choice 
Of, 5, 28, 56, 71, 96, 115, 139, 
179. 

Graf ton, Joseph, 142, 143. 
Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. (See 

Freemasons.) 
Grant, Moses, 143. 
Gray, Edward, 97. 

Francis C., 108, 118, 141, 163, 199, 276. 
Horace, 162. 
John, 97. 
Joshua, 200. 
Sylvester, 28. 

William, 5, 28, 56, 57, 71, 86, 97, 115, 
118, 139, 142, 161, 162, 166, 179, 200, 
275. 

William K., 141, 162. 
Greary, Oliver, 122. 
Great Britain, 85. 
Green, Gardner, 163. 

William, 3, 26, 51, 67, 94, 112, 136, 

174. 

Greene, Charles W., 58. 
Greenough, David, 4, 95, 99, 104, 106, 116, 

127, 128. 
Greenwood, Benjamin R., 139. 

Rev., 110. 

Grosvenor, Lemuel P., 176. 
Gun-house, land of, to be used for build- 
ing tombs, 178. 
money for removal of, 54. 
new, petition town to assist 

in building, 178. 
proceeds of land to go 
toward building, 178. 
Gunpowder laws, 150. 

use of money obtained by 
forfeiture of, 198. 



Hackney carriages, committee relative 
to, 204. 



Hackney carriages In streets, petition 
relative to re- 
moval of, 203, 224. 
licenses, 150. 
money received for 

licenses, 212. 
selectmen to regu- 
late, 204. 

Hale, David, 143, 162. 
D., Jr., 142. 
Nathan, 141,161. 
Hall, Ephraim, 171, 172. 
Henry, 163. 
Jacob, 25, 36, 49, 65, 93, 111, 142, 163, 

174, 275. 
Joseph, 6, 28, 135, 161. 

Jr., 141. 
J., Jr., 180. 
Mr., 133, 157, 158, 159. 
Nathan, 117. 
Hallett, George, 97, 116, 118, 141, 161, 172, 

. 200, 220. 

Hammatt, Charles, 136, 176, 205, 207. 
Mr., 159. 

William, 7, 12, 30, 58, 78, 99. 
William J., 3, 26; 51, 67, 95. 
Hammond, Samuel, 110. 
Thomas, 182. 

Hancock, John, 120, 151, 211, 216. 
Hand-bills, publishing of accounts on, 46. 
Harbor, expediency of defense for, 18. 
Harris, Benjamin, 67, 94, 112, 136. 
Isaac, 121, 135, 163, 174. 
Joseph, 144. 
J., 180. 
J. D., 163. 
Leach, 162, 203. 
Richard H., 72. 
William, 2, 7, 25, 30, 50, 58, 66, 94, 

112,114,122,203. 
Hart, Edmund, 24, 50. 
Hartshorn, Harvey 116. 

Roland, 137, 163, 174. 
Harvard College, 129. 
Haskell, Levi, 116. 
Haskins, Ralph, 149. 
Hastings, George, 162. 
Samuel, 162. 
Hathaway, John, 118. 
Haven, Joseph, 200. 
Hawkes, Ezra, 274. 
Hay scales, 150. 

rent of, 209, 213. 

Haywards choice of, 3, 12, 26, 51, 67, 95, 
107, 113, 122, 128, 137, 144, 175. 
Haywood, Caleb, 12, 31, 52, 110. 
Head, Joseph, 97, 115, 163. 
Heard, John, 2, 66. 

Jr., 25, 49. 
Hemp, choice of surveyors, 3, 26, 51, 87, 

95, 113, 137. 

Henshaw, David, 118, 143, 162, 200. 
Hewins, Abel, 12, 78, 99, 113, 137, 174. 
Hichborn (Hitchborn), Mr., 109. 

Samuel, 12, 30, 52, 142, 163. 

Jr., 135, 174, 200. 
Hicks, John C., 116. 
Higgins, David, 176. 
Highways, choice of surveyors, 3, 27, 47, 

52,67,95,113,137,175. 
labor of paupers on, 185. 
Hiler, Jacob, 24. 
Hill, Aaron, 29, 87, 97, 142, 162, 200. 

David, 275. 
Hinckley, David, 145. 
Hogreeves, choice of, 3, 26, 30, 61, 67, 95, 

107, 113, 122, 128, 137, 144, 203. 
Holbrook, Dexter* Co., 275. 
Holley, Rev. Horace, 2, 25, 28, 49, 66, 73, 

93, 111. 

Holt, Thomas, 200. 
Homer, B., 276. 

Eleazer, 3, 26, 51, 67, 94, 112, 136, 
174. 



288 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Homer, G. J., 200. 
Henry, 97. 

Michael, 27, 67, 95, 113, 137, 175. 
Richard, 3. 
William, 200. 

Homes (Holmes), Barzillia, 52, 55, 114, 
117, 121, 142, 143, 163, 
182, 200. 
H., 143. 
John, 5, 28, 56. 
Mr., 157, 158, 159. 
Samuel, 12. 
William, 48. 

Hood, Charles, 118, 162, 166, 200. 
Hooper, S., 200. 
Hoops and Staves, choice of cullers, 8, 26, 

51, 67, 94, 112 3 136, 174. 
Horses, fine for cruelty to, 83. 

suppression of cruelty to, 81. 
Hospitals, bequest for building of, 78. 

removal of cases of contagious 

disease to, 54. 
Massachusetts General, 78. 
Home of Correction. (See House of 
Industry, Workhouse, Alms- 
house.) 
Industry. (See Woi kh.ou se, 

Almshouse.) 
184, 193, 242, 243, 247, 

251,270,271,272. 
appropriation, 194, 

246, 251, 267, 272. 
arrangements for 
management o f, 
272. 
barn in connection 

with, 268. 
building for, 193, 245, 

267. 

choice of site, 244. 
committee author- 
ized to 
buy 
land 1 
for, 
193. 

to prepare 
s y e- 
tem of 
man- 
age- 
ment, 
273. 

sel ect 

site 

for, 

193. 

va c a n c y 

in, 203. 

discipline in, 272, 273. 
erection of, commit- 
tee report, 241. 
expense of, addi- 
tional, 248, 
267, 269. 
of building 
246,247,248. 
financial report, 273. 
objects of, 270, 271. 
overseer of, 271, 272. 
petition to establish, 

270. 
power of court to 

commit to, 239. 
publishing report of 
committee of, 251, 
273. 
religious instruction 

for inmates, 271. 
report of committee 

relative to, 267. 
situation of, 248. 
superintendent of, 
247. 



House of Industry, superintendence of 

land of, 271, 272. 
wharf of, 247, 269. 
on Union street, rent of, 150, 213. 
Howard, John D., 7, 12, 30, 58, 74. 

Jonathan, 118, 275. 
Howe, Abraham F., 92. 

John, 30, 58, 74, 98, 121, 127, 200. 
John, Jr., 2, 26, 61, 67, 94, 95, 112, 

113, 136, 137, 174. 
John N., 116, 142. 
Jonathan, 200. 
Joseph N., 48, 72, 97, 213. 
Joseph W., 118. 
J., 180. 
Nathaniel, 3, 26, 51, 67, 94, 05, 112, 

136, 174. 
Richard S., 72. 
Samuel H., 163. 
Thomas, 113, 114, 137, 163, 177, 180, 

198, 251,270. 
William, 121, 135, 174. 
Hubbard, Samuel, 74, 95, 97, 140, 141, 160, 

161,179,200,275. 
Humphry (Humphries), Benjamin, 171, 

183. 
Hunnewell, Benjamin, 140. 

Jonathan, 1, 2, 7, 15, 24, 25, 28, 
37, 38, 49, 50, 56, 64, 65, 66, 71, 
91, 93, 94, 97, 109, 110, 112, 
115, 133, 139, 159, 161, 171, 
179, 251, 275. 

Hunt, Matthew M., 142, 180. 
Nathaniel P., 97, 116. 
Hunting A., 148, 151, 211, 217. 

Jabez, 120, 148, 149, 151, 208, 211, 

217. 

J. and A. ,217. 
Thomas, 143. 
Huntington, Benjamin, 162. 

Rev. Joshua, 6, 55, 66, 93, 111. 
Kurd, JohB, 163. 

Idle persons, care of, 270, 271. 
Idle and disorderly persons, 195. 
Independence Day, celebration of, 16, 

63, 90, 108, 132, 156, 219, 223. 
Industry, promotion of, 44. 
Ingalls, I., 176. 

Dr. William, 28, 56, 71, 97, 115, 

139, 142, Itil, 166, 179, 200, 275. 
Inhabitants, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 15, 16, 17, 19, 23, 
24, 27, 29, 30, 32, 35, 37, 38, 
41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 48, 49, 
57, 58, 62, 63, 64, 65, 68, 70, 
71, 73, 74, 75, 77, 78, 79, 84, 
86, 90, 91, 92, 98, 99, 102, 105, 
106, 107, 109, 110, 114, 116, 
117, 118, 119, 12), 12-2, 123, 
127, 128, 132, 134, 135, 13$, 
140, 143, 144, 152, 153, 156, 
160, 161, 164, 165, 166, 172, 
173, 175, 177, 178, 179, 181, 
182, 183, 191, 199, 201, 205, 
207, 217, 221, 223, 226, 227, 
228, 229, 230, 231, 236, 251, 
252, 254, 255, 256, 260, 261, 
263, 264, 265, 267, 274. 
evading of taxes by, 229. 
distribution of committee re- 
port among, 46, 99, 100. 
petition of number of, 32, 38, 

52, 53, 72, 91, 105, 106, 220. 
unequal taxation of, 229. 
Inspectors of lime. (See Lime.) 

markets. (See Markets.) 
Institutions, taxation of, 229, 230. 
Insurance companies, 42. 
Intendant, The, 42, 45, 46. 

to be chairman of Selectmen 
and school committee, 45. 
direct prosecutions, 45. 
have care and management 
of town property, 46. 



INDEX. 



289 



Intendant to receive complaints of in- 
dividuals, 45. 
superintend police, 45. 
death or resignation of, 45. 
power of, to lease or sell prop- 
erty, 46. 

selection of justices of police 
courts by, 47. 



Jackson, Charles, 161,241. 
Daniel, 97. 
Dr. James, 162. 
Mr., 64, 91, 133, 158, 159. 
Patrick, 163, 180. 
Thomas, 100. 112, 117, 134, 135, 

142, 162, 174, 176, 200, J03, 275. 
Jacobs, David C., 203. 
Jail yard, 263. 
James, Francis, 3, 27, 67, 95, 113, 137, 142, 

175. 

Jftrvis, Benjamin, 116. 
Jenkins, Joseph, 116, 161, 275. 
Jenks, Rev. William, 161. 
Jennings, William, 140. 
Jewett, Jonathan, 200. 
Johonnot, Oliver, 110, 114, 116. 
Jones, Abraham, 57. 

Edward, 57, 143, 162, 180, 200, 240. 
John C., 72, 162. 
Joseph, 121, 135, 174, 200. 
Thoma6 K., 6, 57, 72, 116, 142, 162, 

167, 177, 180. 
Joy, Benjamin, 163. 
Judge of probate, 86. 
Judicial powers of chief executive, 40. 
Judiciary, authority, 4X>. 
Jurors, 236, 239, 240. 
list of, 78. 
grand, 153. 

allowance to, 240. 
petit, allowance to, 240. 
traverse, 153. 

Jury, jurisdiction of trials by, 263. 
Justices, county, 47, 48. 
selection of, 40. 
of Court of Sessions, 231. 

communi- 
ca tion 
from 
123. 
police courts, 263. 

compensation 

for, 48. 
selection of, 47, 

4?. 
the peace, abuses of, 237. 

allowance to, 240. 
authority of, 237. 

abuse of, 

40. 

control of, 237. 
election of, by 

wards, 41. 
fees of, 237. 
fines and forfeit- 
ures received by, 
10. 

new court to as- 
sume powers of, 
239. 
payment of, fees 

of, 237. 
powers of, 40. 

Keating, Oliver, 7. 
Kendall, Edward, 200. 
Thomas, 162. 
Kickshins, Ebenezer, 140. 
Kilham, J., 143. 

Mr., 109. 

Kilman, Mr., 133. 
Kimball, Edmund, 200. 

John, 137, 144, 176. 



King, Gedney, 2, 12, 25, 50, 56, 58, 66, 71, 

94, 111, 122, 142, 143, 173, 200. 
Kittridge, Thomas, 97. 
Knapp, John, 117. 
Josiah, 1(,3. 
Lorenzo, 97. 

Samuel L., 141, 161, 180, 200, 203, 
204, 275. 

Lambert, Thomas, 3, 26, 51. 
Lamps, lighting appropriation, 201. 
of, 207 

compensation for, 107. 
tax for, -219. 

Land, for burial ground in South Boston, 
proposed 
purchase. 

of, 122, 123. 
South Boston, 
report of com- 
mittee, 130. 
by-law relative to removal of snow 

from walks, along, 167. 
for House of Industry, 241. 

choice of, 

244. 

commit tee 
a u t hor- 
ized t o 
pur- 
chase, 
193. 
cost of, 

244, 267. 
descrip- 
tion of, 
244. 
objections 

to, 244. 
su per i n- 
te ndent 
of, 271, 
272. 

unappro- 
priated 
for, 343. 

to revert to town, 144. 
in South Boston, committee rela- 
tive to purchase of, 123. 
near South Boston bridge, pro- 
posed purchase of, 123. 
notes on, 34, 62, 102. 
on Neck, 247 

actions against heirs or 

assigns of, 31. 
cost of, 245. 
for almshouse, 192. 
town's, in South Boston, burial 

ground on, 122. 
York Co., Me., deed of, 

183. 
near ropewalk, rent of, 

212. 

on Ivers and Portland 
streets, committee 
to sell, 96. 
Merrimac street, rent 

of, 213. 

the Neck, choice of 

trustees, 78, 

99, 121, 

143, 182. 

rent of, 190, 

209, 213. 
street In 
front of ,31. 
Trustees 
empow- 
ered to 
sell or 
lease, 
182. 

Prince street, rent of, 
213. 



290 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Land, town's, proceeds to go toward 

erecting new gun-house, 178. 
Lane, Frederick F., 92, 180. 
Lascivious persons, 195. 
Lathrop, John, 29. 

Rev., 23. 

Lawrence, William, 71, 72, 97, 115, 180. 
Laws, breach of, 150. 

building, petition for repeal of, 264, 

265. 
collection of taxes according to, 

31, 33. 
dividing state into districts, 5, 27, 

96, 114, 274. 

fines for breach of, 209, 212. 
gunpowder, 150. 
modification of, 65. 
of the Commonwealth, 15, 42. 

relative to 
authority 
of board 
of health, 
122. 
regulating sale of spirits, 234. 

weight of bread, 53. 
relative to abatement of taxes, 

228, 230. 

board of health, 54. 
change in valuation of 

estates, 172. 
elections, 1, 23, 29, 49, 

110, 154, 157, 221, 226. 
erection of wooden 
buildings, 183, 204, 
205. 

health, 54. 

idle and disorderly per- 
sons, 195. 
jurors, 153. 

obstructing Bidewalks,4. 
payment of fees of jus- 
tices of the peace, 237. 
qualification of voters, 

117. 

schools, 29, 136. 
town officers.1,23,49,110. 
Lease of Old State House to Grand Lodge 

of Massachusetts, 155. 
rooms in Old State House to 
Freemasons, application for, 
145. 

Lee, George G., 7, 80, 49, 58. 
Henry, 116, 163. 
John, 116. 
Legislature, 44, 54, 79, 95, 99, 128, 204, 205, 

238,239,261,272. 
acts of, 137. 

relative to election of 
town and county 
treasurer, 224. 
authority of, relative to 
accounts of court of ses- 
sions, 238. 

charter granted by, 265. 
petition to, 32, 99, 128, 154, 172, 
202, 221, 230, 238, 264,266. 
power of, relative to levying 

county tax, 237. 
(See, also, General Court.) 
Lepean, John, 116, 200, 275. 
Lerow, Lewis, 200. 
Lewis, Asa, 265. 
Henry, 97. 
Joseph, 118. 
Thomas, 112, 176, 200. 
Winslow, 17, 114, 121, 135, 168, 165, 

166, 174, 276. 

Licenses, granting of, 234, 262. 
to auctioneers, 150. 

Hackney carriages, 107. 

money 
receiv- 
ed for, 
212. 



Lime, choice of inspectors, 3, 27, 67, 95, 

113, 137, 175. 
Lincoln, Ensign, 143. 

Heman, 117, 141, 161, 179, 180, 200, 

275. 

Levl, 115, 139, 166, 274. 
Lewis, 166. 
Little, William, 6, 28, 56, 71, 97, 115, 134, 

142, 161, 166, 180, 200. 
Lloyd, James, 5, 6, 28, 56, 65, 97, 110, 115, 

118, 140, 163, 180, 200, 275. 
Loans for defence of town, 19. 
interest on, 241. 
tax to pay interest on, 238. 
Lodge, Giles, 116. 

Matthew, 116. 
Lombard, Thomas, 67, 95. 
London, 85, 99. 
Loring, Benjamin, 200, 274, 276. 

Bradford, 3, 26, 51, 67, 94, 112, 136. 
Caleb, 6, 28, 97, 116, 163. 
Charles'G., 223. 
C.,57. 

James, 28, 141, 200, 276. 
John J., 50. 

Jonathan, 7, 25, 30, 50, 58, 66, 74, 95, 
97, 98, 112, 117, 134, 135, 143, 163, 
173, 174, 200. 
J., 180. 

Mr., 133, 158, 159. 
Lovell, James S., 162, 180. 
Lovering, John, 142. 

Jonathan, 94. 

Joseph, 1, 2, 24, 25, 50, 65, 66, 
93, 94, 110, 111, 135, 174, 177, 200, 
251. 
J., 141. 

Mr. 108, 132, 133. 
Low, Henry S., 97, 116. 
Lowell, John, 97, 162, 274. 

Rev. Charles, 2, 5, 25, 49, 66, 93, 

111, 136, 162, 173, 176. 
Lumber. (See Boards and Shingles.) 

choice of surveyors, 3, 26, 94, 

182, 206. 
petition relative to additional 

surveyors, 203. 
Lyman, Theodore' 141, 180. 

Jr., 141, 156,163, 200. 

Mackay, John, 25, 48, 50, 58, 66, 74, 94, 112, 

135, 174, 176. 
Mr., 109, 133, 158, 159. 
William, 2, 13, 22, 25, 48, 49, 65, 

72, 93, 111, 118, 135, 173. 
Maffitt, James N. , 274. 
Magistrates, 190, 195, 233, 260. 

Board of, 261, 262. 
Maine, town land in state of, 183. 
Manufacturers, privileges to, 44. 
Marblehead, 184. 

Almshouse, 185, 186. 

commi tt ee to 

visit, 185. 
overseers of, 185. 
expense of supporting pau- 
pers in, 185. 

support of paupers, state- 
ment of, 196. 

Markets, alterations in, 100. 
Boylston, 100. 
Clerks of, 70, 212. 

compensation, 69. 

to enforce regulation of, 

69. 

committee before the Legisla- 
ture, 99. 

on enlarging, 96. 
to revise by-laws rel- 
ative to, 55, 68. 
report, 69, 106. 

erection of buildings near, 127. 
facility in bringing produce to, 



INDEX. 



291 



Market-house, publishing receipts from, 

107. 

income from, 100. 
Inspectors, choice of, 12, 30, 52. 
discontinuance of, 69, 

70. 

powers of, 55. 
Insufficient limits of, 68. 
new, 251. 

Injury to town by erection 

of, 100, 128. 
petition for, 95. 
report of committee on, 

100. 

offences against, 68. 
old, 1-28. 
penalty for allowing offence 

against, 69. 
place, 100. 

places, pilfering in, 271. 
proposed regulations of, 68, 69. 
prosecutions for offences against, 

68. 

regulation of carts and sleighs 
in, 69, 70. 
horses In, 69, 70. 
remedy of evils in, 68. 
rents of, 62, 69, 70, 77, 100, 121, 150, 

152, 209. 

report of inspectors, 68. 
Bale of produce in, 70. 
stalls, conduct of occupants, 69. 
streets leading to, 70. 
vegetable, 248. 

enlargement of, 183. 
selectmen authorized 

to build, 183. 
Marshall, Josiah, 62, 55, 58, 74, 114, 117, 

163, 167, 178. 
Marston, John, 176. 
Mason, Jonathan, 28, 72, 92, 110, 161, 164, 

180, 200. 
May, H. K., 163. 

Joseph, 162, 170, 177. 

Mr. 157, 158, 159. 

Samuel, 25, 49, 65, 93, 100, 111, 135, 

137, 171, 173. 

Mayor, 40, 257, 258, 260, 261. 
choice of, 257. 
compensation of, 257. 
filling vacancy in place of, 257. 
nominations by, 259. 
powers of, 258, 259. 
McCleary, Samuel F., 138, 140, 162. 
Mclntosh, Peter, 97. 
McNeill, Archibald, 142. 
Mechanics, privileges to, 44. 

regulation and restriction of, 

47. 
Meeting House, Old South, 37, 63, 90, 118, 

132, 223. 

Melcher, David, 116. 
Melville, Thomas, 2, 25, 50, 56, 66, 94, 97, 

111, 142, 161, 174, 180, 276. 
Merchants Hall, 177. 

cellar under, 177. 
draw under, 167. 
petition relative to drain 

under, 177. 

Merrill, J. C., 118, 162. 
Metropolis, 44, 87. 

Military escort for the President, 87. 
Militia, 18, 150. 

inspection of, 38. 
provisions for, 38. 
Mill Corporation, Boston and Roxbury, 

application of, 138. 
extension of time for 
completing work of, 
145. 
report of committee on 

petition of, 144. 
dam, petition to build, 144. 
improvements, 144. 



Mill Pond Corporation, application of, 

251. 

proprietors of, 252. 
rent of land on, 209. 
Oliver, 94, 112, 136, 174. 
William, 174. 
Minchin, John, 140. 
Minno, Thomas, 163. 
Minot, William, 142, 162, 276. 
Moderator, 3, 4, 10, 16, 19, 22, 27, 48, 50, 55, 
66, 70, 73, 79, 83, 87, 94, 96, 111, 
112, 114, 131, 135, 136, 156, 176, 
178,202,203,251,263. 
choice ol, 1, 7, 17, 24, 30, 32, 37, 
38, 49, 58, 63, 65, 72, 
74, 86, 90,93, 99, 108, 
110,118,127,132,134. 
143,156,167,172,173, 
182,201,223,224,267, 
pro. tern., 79, 83, 101, 105. 
Money, 4, 9, 10, 21, 53, 59, 95, 101, 102, 103, 
137, 146, 159, 196, 197, 198, 201,208, 
209, 211, 213, 214, 216, 235, 239. 
borrowed, 22, 78, 104, 238. 

by Court of Sessions. 

238. 

City Council authorized to appro- 
priate, 258. 
to publish annual 
statement of, 259. 
counterfeit, 148, 208. 
due banks, 33. 

County of Suffolk, 143, 213, 

240. 

on notes, 33. 
State, 33, 147, 213. 
expended by courts, 232, 233. 
for almshouse, 192. 

House of Industry, 194, 243, 

246, 251, 267,272. 
lighting lamps, 201. 
removing Gunhouse, 154. 
schools, 13, 99, 106, 124, 125, 153. 
in banks, 148, 214. 

Town Treasury, 33, 59, 61, 62, 
76, 76, 102, 120, 121, 146, 161, 

152, 217. 

paid Bigelow, William, 20. 
Bradley, J., 33. 
lor expense of prisoners, 

236. 

jurors, 239, 240. 
on order of County Agents, 

lor new prison, 239. 
on warrants from Court of 

Sessions, 239. 
to Constables, 239. 

Justices of the Peace, 11. 
Sheriffs, 239. 
witnesses, 240. 
received and disbursed by Court 

of Sessions, 231. 
by courts, disposition 

of, 239. 
for fines, 212. 

licenses of Hackney 

carriages, 212. 
rent of land on 

Neck, 212. 
Old State 
House, 212, 
taxes, 33, 119, 147, 160. 

207, 208, 210, 213. 
from clerk ol market, 

212. 

Justices, 10. 
Mrs. Brooker's 

donation, 33. 
Town Treasurer authorized to 

borrow, 53, 62, 99, 131, 202. 
Moore, Abraham, 120, 149, 200. 
Morse, Elijah, 117. 142, 163, 275. 
Mosely, David, 142, 143. 
Motley, Thomas, 117, 128, 143, 163. 



292 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Municipal Government (see Govern. 

ment), 40, 44. 

committee on, 

254, 256. 
plan of, 257. 
officers, publishing of salaries 

of, 107. 

court. (See Court.) 
Municipality, 45, 46, 47. 

composition of government 

of, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46. 

to assume powers and 

authority of Court of 

Sessions, 47. 

regulation and restrictions 

of occupations by, 47. 
selection of Justices of Po- 
lice Courts by, 47. 
Munroe, Daniel, Jr., 159. 
Edmund, 176. 
Israel, 118. 
James, 90. 
Washington, 136. 
M un son, Israel, 162. 



Nation, foreign and domestic relations 

Of, 88. 

National prosperity, 88. 
Newburyport, 105. 
Newell, Charles, 136. 
New England Insurance office, 9. 
Newspapers, advertising call for return 
o f personal 
property in, 
228. 

notice relative 
to choice of 
town treas- 
urer and col- 
lector, 158. 
report of com- 
mittee in, 273. 
report of com- 
mittee on 
municipal 
governm e n t 
In, 255. 

publications in, 25. 
New Testament, 126. 
Nightwalkers, 195. 
Norwood, Samuel, 159. 
Notes, 102, 148, 208, 211, 215. 
due, 33, 60, 77. 
for land, 34, 102. 
interest on, 148, 150. 
private, 9. 

of Thomas Badger, 208. 
John Hancock, 216. 
J. and A. Hunting, 148, 217. 
Jabez Hunting, 149, 208, 217. 
Massachusetts Bank, 149. 
A. Moore, 149. 

Bea and Wright, 149, 215, 216. 
Israel Rand, 216. 
Joseph Rowe, 215. 
Joseph Russell, 210. 
John Stuart, 148,216. 
Jacob Tidd, 209, 216. 
Jacob Tidd, Jr., 120, 149. 
William Tukesbury, 149, 216, 217. 
William Wetmore, 149. 
Notification of sale of real estate, 46. 
Noyes, Nathaniel, 71. 



Oakum, sale of, 198. 

Oath of office, 1, 24, 25, 37, 49, 50, 65, 69, 70, 

93, 110, 111, 134, 138, 173, 201. 
Odin, John, 200. 
Odiorne, George, 142. 
Offices In Old State House, rent of, 150. 
Oil, 34, 107. 
Old South Church, 37, 63, 90, 118, 132, 223. 



Old State House, lease of rooms in, to- 
Freemasons, 138, 145, 
154, 155. 

rent for, 150, 209, 212. 
Oliver, Benjamin, 94. 

Ebenezer, 1, 24, 49, 64, 65, 93, 110. 
Francis J., 2, 3, 11, 25, 27, 49, 50, 53, 
66, 67, 93, 94, 95, 111, 113, 122, 137, 
144, 146, 162, 167, 172, 175, 176, 182, 
200, 203, 214, 224, 275. 
Harry, 200. 
Henry J., 93, 111, 134, 136, 154, 163, 

176, 177, 198, 220, 223, 250, 267. 
Mr., 37, 64, 108, 132. 
Royal, 137, 175. 

Oration, on Anniversary of Independ- 
ence, 16, 37, 68, 90, 132, 156, 223. 
choice of orator, 1, 37, 63, 90, 

132, 156, 223. 

copy of, to be furnished the 
press, 1, 37, 63, 90, 132, 156, 223. 
to be delivered at Old South 
Church, 1, 37, 63, 90, 132, 156, 
223. 
Orne, Azor, 200. 

Henry, 71, 97, 115, 118, 139, 162, 164, 

166, 166, 179, 200, 241, 275. 
William, 142. 

Osborn, John, 3, 11, 27, 36, 53, 68, 116. 
Otis, George W., 12, 31, 52, 117, 121, 135, 

142, 163, 171, 173, 174, 200, 274, 275. 
Harrison G., 5, 28, 56, 72, 86, 104, 107, 

116, 142, 162. 
H. G., Jr., 143, 200 
Mr., 109, 133, 158, 159. 
Overseers of the Poor. ( See Poor.) 

Workhouse. (See Work- 
house.) 

Owen, Benjamin, 3, 26, 51, 67, 95, 112, 136, 
137, 174. 



Packard, Lemuel, 163. 

Lemuel, Jr., 145, 
L. J., 141. 
Page, Thaddeus, 118, 134, 136, 141, 161, 176, 

180, 276. 

Palfrey, Rev. J. G., 109, 162, 181. 
Parker, Isaac, 161. 

Jonathan, 200. 
J., 180. 
S. D., 162. 
S. H.,200. 
Thomas H., 275. 
Parkman, Daniel, 97. 
Samuel, 163. 
S., Jr., 142. 

Rev. Francis, 1, 98, 162, 274. 
Parmenter, W., 180. 
Parsons, Benjamin, 139, 176. 
N., 163. 

Theopholis, 163. 
Thomas, 117,162. 
William, 28, 116. 
Passageway requested by New South 

Church proprietors, 4. 
Patterson, Enoch, 31, 52. 
Paul, Thomas, 276. 
Pauperism, 187, 188, 189, 190, 267. 
causes of, 187. 
checking of, 270. 
effects, 193. 

report of committee on, 184. 
Paupers, accommodations for, 192. 
claims of, upon town, 187. 
comforts of, 184. 
employment for, 184, 186, 187, 

188, 189, 190. 

labor of, on highways, 185. 
maintainance of, 119, 184, 212. 
relations of town to, 193. 
State, 196. 

allowance for, 218. 
Payne, William, 167. 



INDEX. 



293 



Peabody, Augustus, 115, 117, 143, 162, 200. 

Jacob, 200. 
Pelby, W., 180. 
Penitentiary, 270. 
People, welfare of, SS. 
Perkins, James, 140, 162. 

Mr., 37, 109, 158, 159. 
Samuel G., 115, 180. 
Thomas, 2, 22, 25, 49, 65, 93, 135, 

173. 
Thomas H., 5, 28, 52, 55, 56, 71, 87, 

92,115, 165,180, 199,275. 
Perry, Ebenezer, 137, 175. 
Petition for common sewer in Atkinson 

street, 171, 172. 
erection of workhouse, 177, 

270. 
law against incumbering 

sidewalks, 4. 
new market, 95. 

school-house, 144, 274. 
of assessors, 59. 
Balch, Joseph, 145. 
Baxter, Daniel, 145. 
Bigelow, William, 13, 20. 
Boston and Roxbury Mill 

Corporation, 138. 
Carney, Daniel, 182. 
Child, John R., 202. 
Davis, Henry, 273, 274. 

Isaac P., 144. 
Field-drivers, 202. 
Field, Joseph, 4, 13. 
French, Benjamin, 203, 204. 
Gould, Abraham, 176. 
Greenough, David, 95, 100, 106, 

127, 128. 

Hall, Ephraim, 171. 
Howe, Thomas, 177, 270. 
Humphries, Benjamin, 171, 

183. 
Jones, Josiah, 202. 

Thomas K. 167, 177. 
Lewis, Asa, 205. 
May, Joseph, 177, 270. 
number of Inhabitants, 17, 18, 
32, 38, 52, 53, 72, 78, 79, 91, 100, 
105, 144, 145, 171, 172, 182, 220. 
Overseers of the Poor, 18S. 
Packard, Lemuel, Jr., 145. 
Payne, William, 167. 
Pound-keeper, 202. 
Smith, Adam, 79. 
Stone, Joseph, 154, 178. 
Tappan, Lewis, 203. 
Thompson, John, 203. 
Tidd, Jacob, Jr., 96. 
Willett, Joseph, 206. 
Winchester, Edmund, 224. 
Wheeler, John H., 264. 
Wheelwright Lot, 182. 
to abolish Court of Sessions, 238, 

239. 

alter Town Government, 261. 
build new gun-house, 178. 
increase number of Sealers of 
Weights 
and 
Meas- 
ures, 
202. 

Survey- 
or s o f 
L u m- 
ber, 203, 
206. 
lease rooms in Old State House, 

145. 

Legislature, 154, 205, 238. 
remove Hackney carriages 

from streets, 203, 204, 224. 
repeal building law, 264, 265. 
unite offices of town and 
county treasurer, 145, 220. 



Phelps, Charles P., 30. 
Phillips, Edward, 135, 157, 173. 

James, 2, 25, 26, 50, 51, 66, 94, 95, 

112, 113, 135, 137, 142, 175. 
Hon. John, 1, 3, 4, 5, 24, 27, 38, 
48, 55, 56, 58, 65, 71, 72, 74, 93, 
97, 115, 134, 138, 139, 161, 173, 
178, 179, 241, 274, 275. 
Jonathan, 2, 22, 25,49, 65, 93, 111, 

117, 135, 142, 173, 199, 275. 
Joseph, 99. 
J.. 143. 
Mr., 108, 132. 
Thomas, 49. 

Turner, 50, 58, 65, 66, 91, 93, 84, 
103, 105, 111, 112, 121, 130, 136, 
142, 159, 162, 201, 208, 210, 211, 
213, 214, 215, 216, 217. 
Willard, 163. 

William, 2, 5, 22, 25, 28, 49, 56, 65, 
71, 78, 93, 97, 111, 133, 135, 139, 
161,166,173,179,180,274. 
Physician to the goal, 240. 
Pickens, John, Jr., 169. 
Pickering, Timothy, 114. 
Pierce, Joseph, 7, 30, 58. 
Pierpont, Rev. John, 116, 122, 136, 162, 167, 

176. 

Pilferers, 195. 

Plimpton, William, 200, 276. 
Police, judicial, 263. 

officers, 83, 206. 

choosing of, 47. 
intendant to receive re- 
ports of, 45. 
removal of, 47. 
salary of, 107, 217. 
superintendent of, 41. (See In- 

tendant.) 

Polls, closing of, 5, 7, 23, 28, 29, 56, 57, 64, 

71, 73, 92, 96, 98, 110, 114, 117, 135, 

139,141, 157,161, 164, 165,173,175, 

179, 181, 199, 255, 263, 265, 266, 274. 

return of, by assessors, 6, 29, 57, 73, 

117, 141, 160, 199. 
Pook, Benjamin, 51. 

Charles, 3, 26, 67, 95, 112, 186, 137, 

174. 
Poor, accommodations for, 184. 

admission of, into public semi- 

naries, 168. 
employment for, 270. 
hardships of, 76. 
idle, 242, 243. 

care of, 271. 
Incapable to work, 271. 
Insane, board of, 198. 
Overseers of the, 8, 12, 15, 22, 32, 34, 
35, 36, 39, 43, 45, 
46, 47, 68, 59, 63, 
75, 77, 91, 101, 
102, 103, 108, 109, 
110, 111, 13S, 133, 
146, 147, 152, 157, 
158, 159, 174, 194, 
195,198,201,250, 
273. 

accounts to audit, 
3, 27, 53, 68, 74, 
147. 
annual election 

of, 47. 

choice of, 2, 25, 
49, 61, 66, 93, 135, 
173. 259. 
disbursements of, 

198. 

drafts of, 61, 101, 
120, 148, 150, 208, 
210, 213, 216, 218. 
Marblehead, re- 
port of, 196. 
Salem, report of, 
197. 



294 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Poor, Overseers of the, petition of, 183. 

proposed change 

in, 39. 

to aid in choosing 
Superintendent 
of Police, 41. 
vacancy in, 68. 
State, 9, 76, 102. 

money for, 34, 61, 103, 196, 197, 

198. 

Porter, Benjamin, 200. 
Portland, 105. 
Pound in G street, 14*. 

South Boston, to build, 78. 
keeper, choice of, 12, 27, 144, 182. 

petition for increased al- 
lowance to, 202. 
Powers, D. E., 163. 
Pratt, Eleazer, 275. 

John, 163. 

Pray, Lewis G., 254. 
Prescott, Samuel J., 30. 

William, 72, 161, 199, 241, 275. 
President of United States, 89. 

address to 

inhabitants 

of Boston 

by, 87. 

expected visit 

of, 86, 87. 

receptionof,87. 

reply to a d- 

dress by, 89. 

Prince, James, 29, 56, 87, 100, 104, 118, 115, 

116,127,137,140, 142,161. 
Princetown, 84. 
Printing act to establish City of Boston, 

266. 

estimate from Court of Ses- 
sions, 107. 
of supplies and taxes, 

106. 
list of real and personal estates, 

264. 

oration commemorative of the 
anniversary of Independence, 
1, 37, 63, 90," 182, 156, 223. 
report of committee on cou n t y 
ex pen - 
s e s, 
231. 

election 
of town 
and 
c ounty 
treas- 
urer, 
226. 

Englie h 
Classi- 
c a 1 
School, 
171. 

finance, 
146,207. 
House 
of In- 
dustry, 
251. 

Marke t, 
106. 

munlci- 
p a 1 
govern- 
men t, 
255. 

new 
Bch o o 1 
for 
child- 
ren,123. 
w o r k- 
h o n se, 
177. 



Prison, allowance to night watches of, 240. 

scavengers, 240. 
erection of, 262. 
maintenance of, 262. 
new, 239. 

communication relative to 

erection of, 123. 
county, erection of new, 232. 

superintendence of, 232. 
State, 232. 

Prisoners, expense of keeping, 236. 
Proclamation of Governor, 160. 
Proctor, Jonathan C., 200. 
Produce, sale of, in market, 69. 
Property, city, management of, 44. 
public, income of, 43. 
town, management of, 46. 
sale and lease of, 46. 
unequal taxation of, 230. 
Proprietors of Mill Pond, 251. 

Corporation, 145. 
Prouty, Joel, 115. 
Public buildings, receipts from, 107. 

superintendence of, 258. 
expenses, committee to seek sav- 
ing in, 107, 113. 
property, income of, 43. 
seminaries, 168. 
Purkett (Purkit, Purkitt), Henry, 3, 26, 

5), 67, 94, 112, 117, 136, 142, 163, 174. 
Putnam, Jesse, 6, 28, 72, 140, 143, 162, 166, 
180, 200, 275. 



Quarantine regulations, 54. 
Quincy, Abraham H., 116, 162. 
Edward, 200. 

Josiah, 5, 28, 48, 56, 71, 97, 115, 
139, 141, 161, 177, 179, 193, 198, 
199, 241, 250, 267, 272, 276. 



Railers, 196. 

Rainsford, Josiah C., 48, 142, 143, 162. 

Rand, Benjamin, 28, 58,74, 98,117, 143,162, 

276. 

Isaac, 151, 211. 
Isaac, Jr., 120,216. 
Randall, John, 164. 

Moses, 116. 
Rea, Mr., 120, 149, 151. 

and Wright, 151, 211, 215, 216. 
Read (Reed), George, 114, 179. 
James, 200, 203. 
Real Estate, 46, 84, 167. 

mortgages of 86. 

owners, 167. 

petition relative to valuing, 

172. 

sale of, 46. 
Reception to President of United States, 

87. 
Records of convention to choose town 

treasurer, 206. 
police court, 47. 

Referees to settle town boundaries, 252. 
Religious instruction in House of Indus- 
try, 271. 
rights, 89. 
Rents, 34, 218. 

Deer Island, 213. 

Faneuil Hall, stalls and cellars 

under, 150, 209, 212. 
hay scales, 209. 

house in Union street, 209, 213. 
land near ropewalk, 212, 213. 

on Merrimack street, 150, 213. 
Mill Pond, 2d9. 
Neck, 13, 150, 209, 212. 
Prince street, 150, 213. 
Market, 62, 69, 70, 100, 121, 150, 152. 
Old State House, 150, 209, 212. 
Town House, 103, 152. 
Town property, 107. 



INDEX. 



295 



Reports of committees, 3, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 20, 
21 , 31, 32, 38, 48, 50, 53, 59, 03, 68, 70, 74, 
79, 80, 83, 86, 99, 100, 101, 102, 105, 106, 
108, 118, 119, 122, 124, J-29, 130, 132, 133, 
143, 144, 145, 146, 153, 154, 155, 158, 167, 
168, 172, 177, 178, 183, 184, 194, 195, 196, 
197, 201, 204, 206, 207, 224, 227, 231, 235, 
241, 252, 254, 255, 256, 267, 273. 
Representatives, 23, 29, 38, 64, 92, 109, 160, 

164, 256, 259 261, 264. 
choice of 7, 23, 30, 58, 65, 
74, 92, 98, 110, 117, 141, 
161, 199. 
House of, 46. 
number of, in General 

Court, 160. 

to oppose petition of 
David Greenough, 128. 
Resolutions of S. A. Wells, 167. 

on unprotected condition of 

town, 18. 
relative to English Classical 

School, 167. 
to Governor, 19. 

Restriction and regulation of occupa- 
tions, 47. 

Revere, Joseph W., 58, 74, 117, 167, 178, 200. 
Rhodes (Rhoades), Jacob, 48, 114, 139, 142. 
Rice, Henry, 142. 

John P., 161. 
Rich, Benjamin, 2, 50 66, 73, 81, 94 111, 116, 

122, 141, 143, 161, 177, 182, 251. 
Richards, John, 162. 

Joseph, 2, 22, 25, 49, 65, 93, 111, 

135. 

Mr., 109, 133. 
Richardson, Asa, 203. 

P., 180. 
Richie (Ritchie), Andrew, 23, 28, 30, 92, 97, 

110, 115. 

Ridgway, James, 162. 
Robbing Edward H., 71, 179, 275. 

Edward J., 3, 26, 61, 67, 94, 112, 

136, 174. 

Roberts, Frank, 57, 72. 
Robinson, Charles, 30. 
Col., 15. 
Henry, 176. 

James, 48, 68, 72, 97, 163. 
Mr., 7. 
Rogers (Rodgers), Henry N., 176, 200. 

John G., 143. 
Rogues, 195. 

Act for punishing and suppress- 
ing, 22. 
Roofs, by-law relating to throwing mow 

from, 14. 

Rope-walk, rent of land near, 212, 213. 
Ropes, W., 180. 

Roulston, John, 12, 31, 62, 98, 116. 
Roulstone, Michael, 167, 178, 203, 254, 275, 

276. 
Rowe, Joseph, 120, 151, 211, 215. 

Thomas, 118. 
Roxbury, 145, 252. 
Ruggles, Joseph, 110. 

Russell, Benjamin, 7, 13, 24, 25, 28, 30, 56, 
57, 58, 66, 70, 74, 86, 92, 93, 97, 98, 
UO, 111, 112, 114, 115, 117, 123, 
127, 128, 136, 141, 144, 161, 167, 
172, 174, 176, 180, 199, 223, 254, 
276. 

B. L., 276. 
James, 118. 
Joseph, 210. 
J., 180. 
Mr., 218. 

Sabine, James, 143. 

Salary or allowances, assessors, 14, 36, 
59,62,79,104,154, 
202, 217. 

Bigelow, William, 
20. 



Salary, or allowances, Board of Health, 

63. 
clerk cf market, 

217. 
constables, 238, 

240. 
county treasurer, 

47, 241. 

court house keep- 
er, 240. 

court, municipal, 

judge of, 13, 62, 

79, 104, 131, 153, 

202,217,232. 

court of sessions, 

justices of, 238. 
Dawes, Thomas, 

36. 
fire-wards, m e s - 

sengcr of, 217. 
justices of the 

peace, 240. 
night watches, 

240. 
police officers, 217, 

232. 

school masters, 
127, 129, 170, 218. 
school ushers, 170. 
selectmen, chair- 
man of, 91, 202, 

217. 

selectmen, mes- 
senger to, 217. 
sheriff, 240. 
town clerk, 13, 36, 
62, 79, 104, 131, 
154, 202, 217. 
town clerk, assist- 
ant, 206, 206, 217. 
town collecter, 12, 
36, 63, 79, 107, 
127, 130, 155, 204, 
222. 

town treasurer, 

12, 36, 63, 79, 105, 

107, 127, 130, 154, 

165, 204, 217, 222. 

town treasurer, 

clerks of, 130. 
Salem, 105, 184. 

Almshouse, 185, 197. 
Salisbury, Josiah, 139, 141, 162, 179. 

Samuel, 140. 
Sargent, Daniel, 5, 23, 29, 52, 55, 57, 72, 116, 

163, 275. 

Henry, 30, 58, 74. 
Savage, James, 99, 100, 104, 124, 1-Jti, 142, 

161,177,198,200,250,275. 
Thomas, 162. 

Sawyer, Thomas, 118, 143. 
School, African, 13. 

appropriations, 13, 120, 121, 153, 

218, 219. 

committee, annual election of, 47. 
Boylston, 151,253. 

money for, 148. 
building In Derne street, 218. 
committee, 20, 47, 99, 124, 127, 152, 

155, 169, 171, 253. 
Choice of, 25, 26, 49, 66, 
93,111,136, 
176. 

to fill va- 
c a n c y, 
122. 
duties of, 26, 60, 66, 

94, 111, 136, 176. 
failure to choose, 138. 
Low chosen, 259. 
report of, 252. 
English classical, 167. 

admission to, 
169. 



296 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



School, English classical, committee to 

revise course 

of study, 171. 

course of study, 

168, 170. 

expense of ,170. 
for boys, ex- 
clusively, 169. 
public sub- 
scription to 
furnish, 170. 
require m e n t s 
of masters 
and ushers. 
169. 

resolution t o 
establish, 167. 
salary of sub- 
master, 170. 
salary of 

ushers, 170. 
erection, town treasurer to borrow 

money for, 9H. 
instructors, 129. 
of mutual instruction, teacher 

for, 252, 253. 
grammar, 126. 

land, sale of, in West street, 4. 
Latin, compensation of master, 20. 
course of studies, 129. 
petition of master of, 13, 20. 
laws relative to, 136. 
masters, 2, 26, 50, 66, 111, 125, 127, 

136, 176, 252, 253. 
salaries of, 129, 170, 217, 

218, 254. 
new, 171, 252. 

Boylston town, 99. 
engine-house in connection 

with, 274. 
erection of, 99. 
expense of, 152. 
for children under seven 

years, 124, 125, 126. 
in School street, 20. 
of mutual instruction, 252. 
petition for, 79, 100, 144, 27S, 

274. 

ward meetings in connec- 
tion with, 274. 
watchhouse in connection 

with, 274. 

North, alterations in, 218. 
petition to establish for children 

under seven, 100. 
primary, 152, 153, 155, 217, 218, 252. 
private, 105, 126. 
ushers, 20. 

qualifications of, 169. 
salary of, 217. 
Schools, charity, 105. 

fuel for, 125. ' 
public, 169, 219, 252, 253. 
care of, 259. 
committee, empowered 

to establish, 252. 
salaries of preceptors 

and assistants, 107. 
superintendent of, 259. 
Sears, David, 74, 98, 116, 139, 141, 161, 179, 

200, 275. 
David, Jr., 58. 
John, 276. 
Joshua, 139. 
J., 200. 

Selaway, Joseph, 3, 26, 51, 67, 95. 
Selectmen, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 12, 16, 17, 18, 23, 
25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 31, 32, 34, 35, 
36, 37, 38, 39, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 
46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 52, 63, 54, 57, 
59, 63, 65, 67, 69, 70, 72, 73, 75, 
76, 77, 78, 79, 81, 82, 84, 85, 86, 
87, 90, 91, 92, 94, 95, 100, 102, 
103, 107, 108, 110, 119, 127, 130, 



Selectmen, 131, 132, 137, 138, 144, 146, 147, 
151, 152, 153, 155, 156, 157, 158, 
159, 160, 164, 167, 171, 172, 175, 
176, 178, 183, 205, 206, 210, 215, 
216, 220, 221, 224, 230, 232, 234, 
235, 245, 251, 252, 256, 261, 263, 
265, 266, 267, 274. 
accounts, to audit, 74, 147. 
agents on Mr. Boylston's will, 

84. 

annual election of, 47. 
authority of, to expend taxes, 

234. 
authorized to build new mar- 

ket, 183. 
chairman of, 117, 138, 165, 179, 

181, 199, 201. 
salary of, 78, 91, 

202, 217. 
choice of, 1, 24, 49, 58, 65, 93, 

110, 134, 135, 173. 
to fill vacancy, 153. 
chosen surveyors of high- 
ways, 113, 175. 
committee to erect new prison, 

123. 

to petition legisla- 
ture, 154, 266. 
relative to town 
boundaries, 252. 
to repair streets on 

Neck, 31. 

to sell land on 
Ivers and Port- 
laud streets, 96. 
current expenses of, 61, 120. 
decline to serve, 135. 
drafts of, 9, 61, 101, 120, 148, 
150, 151, 208, 210, 213, 216, 218. 
duties and powers, 46, 47. 
empowered to sell land on 

West street, 4. 
to improve town rights in 

Dock, 183. 
Intendant to be chairman of, 

45. 
powers interfering with Board 

of Health, 54. 
relative to hackney 

carriages, 204. 
petition referred to, 4. 
proposed change in, 39. 
regulations of, relative to 

market, 69, 70. 
rejection of compromise of 

Boylston heirs, 85. 
salary of messenger, 217. 
to assume powers of Court of 

Sessions, 239, 262. 
choose Superintendent of 

Police, 41. 
decide complaints against 

market, 69. 
increase pay of watchmen, 

127. 
prepare petition relative to 

building laws, 264, 265. 
receive yearly warrant 
from State Treasurer, 
227. 
regulate loads drawn in 

streets, 82. 
vacancy in, 145. 

filling of, 58. 

Seminaries, public, 168, 169. 
Senators, 96, 98, 128, 261, 264. 

choice of, 5, 29, 56, 71, 97, 115, 

139, 179. 

Servant*, stubborn, 196. 
Sewell, Joseph, 117, 201. 
Sewer in Kilby street, 167. 

petition relative to, in Atkinson 

street, 172. 
Shaffer, J. H., 180. 



INDEX. 



297 



Sharp (Sharpe), Rev. Daniel, 56, 134, 136, 

161,176,200. 

Shaw, Lemuel, 7, 13, 37, 97, 110, 112, 115, 
134, 135, 136, 140, 141, 149, 161, 167, 

174, 176, 179, 200, 241, 275. 
Mr., 132, 133. 

Robert G., 67, 95, 113, 137, 142, 146, 

175, 214. 

Shed, 8. A., 162, 200. 
Shelton, Stephen, 139. 

W. P., 180. 
Sherman, Levi, 128. 
Sheriff, 92, 233, 23, 239, 240. 
Shidmore, Zeal, 108. 
Shimmin, William, 164,200. 
Shops in Old State House, rent of, 150. 
Shurtleff, S. A., 180. 

Sidewalks adjacent to Merchant's Hall, 
repair of, 177. 
removal of snow from, 167. 
Sigourney, Andrew, 7,8, 11, 12, 14, 15, 24, 
30, 31, 35, 36, 52, 55, 58, 59, 63, 
64, 77, 78, 79, 91, 101, 104, 105, 
107, 109, 119, 131, 133, 147, 149, 
150, 151, 153, 157, 158, 208, 209, 
211,214. 

Elizabeth, 210, 211, 212. 
Silsby, Enoch, 65, 93, 98, 110, 111, 117, 121, 

135, 171, 174, 200, 203, 251, 275. 
Nathaniel, 115. 
Simonds (Symonds), Jonathan, 142, 162, 

182, 220, 223, 274, 275. 
Simpson, Isaac P., 12, 31, 52. 

J. K., 163. 
Sinking-fund, 76. 

recommendation of, 34. 
Sloan, Barney, 8, 26, 51, 67, 95. 
Smith, Adam, 79. 
Barney, 72. 

Benjamin, 2, 24, 25, 48,. 50, 52, 55,57, 
68, 66, 74, 94, 97, 98, 112, 117, 164, 
174, 200. 

Elins, 139, 142, 179. 
James, 143, 
John, 3, 26, 51. 
JohnH., 139, 176, 180. 
Joseph, 6, 72, 139, 154. 
William, 2, 7, 20, 21, 22, 25, 30, 49, 58. 
Snelling, Josiah, 3, 26, 29, 51, 67, 95, 113. 
Mr., 64, 109, 133, 158, 159. 
Nathaniel G., 275. 
Samuel, 2, 22, 25, 49, 65, 72, 93, 

111, 135, 143, 162, 173. 
Snow, Gideon, 98. 

N., 180. 

Sohier, William D., 162, 180, 200, 276. 
Soley, Samuel, 162. 
Soper, S., 180. 
South Boston, 12, 26, 30, 123, 244, 247. 

burial-ground for, 113, 114, 

123, 130. 
choice of fence viewers for, 

78, 99. 

land for almshoiise in, 192. 
petition of inhabitants, 182. 
pound in new, 78. 

keeper of, 202. 
bridge, proposed purchase 
of land near, 123. 
toll from, 244. 
South Carolina, 42. 
Southern cities, 80. 
Spear, Doddridge, 166. 
Gershom, 3, 26. 
Samuel, 26. 
William, 112, 187, 175. 
Spirits, sale of, 234. 
Spooner, William J., 6, 163, 201. 
Sprague, Samuel, 3, 12, 27, 31, 52, 67, 95, 

113,137,175. 
Stanwood, David, 143. 
State Government, 43, 260. 

of Maine, town land in, 183. 
Officers, 256, 259, 260, 265. 



State paupers, 196, 197, 218. 

support of, 9, 149, 209. 
prison, 232. 
treasurer, 149, 209, 212. 
Stationery, publishing of, estimate for, 

107. 

Stearns, Jacob, 92, 110, 162, 200. 
Stevens, Isaac, 118, 142, 162, 200. 
Stoddard, Simon J., 144. 
Stodder, Joseph, 2, 26, 51, 67, 94, 112, 118, 

136, 174. 
Stone, Joel, 210. 

Joseph, 154, 178. 
Storey, Joseph, 166. 

Streets, agent empowered to repair, 31. 
Atkinson, laying sewer, 171. 
Beacon, petition to build mill- 

dam and turnpike from, 144. 
by-laws regulating loads to be 

carried in, 80, 82. 
relative to obstruction 
of, 14,82. 
removal of 
snow from 
walks 
along, 167. 
court, paving of, 149. 
Derne, school-house in, 218. 
elevation of buildings from, 264, 

266. 

G, pound in, 144. 
Ivers, committee to dispose of 

land on, 96. 

Kilby, common sewer in, 167. 
Leverett, almshoyise in, 194. 

new buildings in, 195. 
workhouse in, 195. 
leading to market, 69. 
Merrimack, rent of land on, 150, 

213. 

near market, alterations in, 100. 
North, rent of fish stalls on, 

213. 

obstruction of, 80. 
paving of, 107, 149, 167. 
petition relative to hackney car- 
riages in, 203, 204, 224. 
pilfering in, 271. 
Portland, committee to dispose 

of land on, 96. 
Prince, rent on, 150, 213. 
regulations of trucking in, 80. 
repairs and maintainance of, on 

Neck, 31. 
expense of, 31. 
rights of citizens to use, 81. 
School, new school-house In, 20, 
sewer in Atkinson, 171. 
Tremont, paving of, 149. 
Union, 70. 

rent of house on, 150, 209, 

213. 
water, drain under Merchant's 

Hall in, 177. 
West, sale of land in, 4. 
Western avenue, 252. 
Strong, Caleb, 5, 28, 56. 
Stuart, John, 151, 211, 216. 
Sturgis, Russell, 6, 28, 56, 139, 180, 200. 

William, 7, 30, 58, 98, 110, 115, 117, 
141, 161, 164, 166, 174, 180, 200, 
254. 

Suffolk County, 17, 23, 29, 47, 56, 57, 64, 72, 
76, 98, 138, 148, 216, 221, 
235, 236, 238, 239, 240, 
262. 
prison, new, 232. 

use of, as work- 
house, 196. 

register of deeds, 173. 
sheriff, 92, 240, 241. 
treasurer, 220, 224, 225, 
232, 233, 235, 



298 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Suffolk County, treasurer, applicants 
for position 
of, 226. 

choice of, 3, 

27, 50, 66, 94, 

112, 136. 

uniting office 

with town 

treasurer, 

145, 220, 224, 

225, 236, 239, 

261, 262. 

District, 65, 109, 110, 164, 179, 180, 

181. 
Suits, civil, 260, 261. 

criminal, 11, 260, 
Sullivan, George, 58, 63, 97, 162, 180, 200, 

275. 

Richard, 7, 28, 56, 71, 92, 97, 115. 
William, 2, 5, 6, 7, 13, 14, 22, 25, 
28, 51, 65, 72, 73, 81, 86, 92, 95, 
97, 115, 117, 139, 161, 166, 179, 
200,241,255,275. 
Sumnei\, Charles P., 97. 

Thomas W., 14, 22, 68, 74. 
William H., 7, 14, 22, 23, 52, 55, 

58, 74, 86, 92, 98. 
Superintendents, 53. 
Superintending Board, 41. 
Surveyors of Boards and Lumber, choice 

of, 3, 26, 51, 67, 112. 
Hemp, choice of, 3, 26, 51, 

67. 113. 
Highways, choice of, 3, 26, 

51, 67, 113. 
Wheat, choice of, 3, 26, 51, 

67, 113. 
Swett, Samuel, 74, 85, 86, 97, 104, 118. 



Tappan, Charles, 142. 

Jonathan, 200. 

Lewis, 114, 142, 200, 220, 223, 231, 

275. 

Tarbell, S. P., 200. 
Tax Act, 229. 
Taxation of estates, petition relative to, 

172. 

report of committee on, 227. 
Taxes, abatement of, 8, 9, 22, S3, 35, 60, 62, 
75, 77, 102,103, 119, 
147, 152, 207, 218, 
228, 229, 230. 
assessed, 8, 33, 35, 60, 77, 119, 121, 

147, 153, 207, 228, 266. 
alteration in time of assessing, 

203, 229. 

bank stock, 229. 
bills, 63, 107, 228. 
city council authorized to assess, 

258. 
collection of, by law, 33. 

change in system, 20. 
deficiency in, 4, 11, 14, 

31,33. 
collector of, 9, 21, 77, 104. 

choice of, 15, 36, 91, 109, 

133. 

discharge of, 21. 

county, 8, 9, 10, 33. 34, 35, 60, 61, 75, 
77,102, 103, 119, 120, 121, 
147, 152, 203, 207, 210, 218, 
219, -Z20, 229. 
Chelsea's share of, 236. 
court of sessions to ap- 
portion, 227. 
estimate of. from court of 

sessions, 107. 

resolve in legislature rel- 
ative to, 237. 
exemption of corporations from, 

229. 

money received from, 33, 150,210, 
213. 



Taxes, on mortgaged estates, 227, 228. 

personal property, 228, 229, 230. 
outstanding, 4, 9, 34, 60, 75, 76, 102, 
119, 120, 121, 147, 151, 152, 207, 217, 
218. 

poll, 35, 62, 77, 104, 153, 219, 227. 
printing, estimate of, 106. 
real estate, 35, 77, 104, 121, 153, 219. 
revision of, 230. 

state, 9, 10, 33, 34, 35, 60, 61, 62, 75, 
76, 77, 102, 103, 119, 120, 121, 
147, 148, 152, 207, 218, 219. 
method of assessing, 227. 
to pay Interest on loans, 238. 
town, 8, 9, 10, 33, 35, 60, 62, 75, 101, 
102, 119, 131, 147, 152, 206, 
207, 219, 220, 229, 230, 234, 
262. 

laws relative to levying, 227. 
warrants for, 102. 
Thacher (Thatcher), David, 116. 

Peter O., 2, 12, 25, 30, 31, 49, 55, 
68, 66, 70, 74, 78, 92, 93, 99, 111, 
115, 117, 121, 140, 143, 162. 
Rev. Samuel C., 49, 55. 
Thaxter, Jonathan, 135, 174, 200 

Thomas, 200. 
Thayer, Ebenezer, 275. 

Ephraim, 7, 30, 58. 

Joel, 142. 

Mr., 157, 158, 159. 

Richard, 3, 26, 51, 67, 94, 112, 174. 

Samuel M., 2, 7, 25, 50, 66, 94, 112, 

135, 174. 

Thomas, Thomas K.,118, 162, 200, 275. 
Thompson, John, 183. 

William, Jr., 72. 

Thorndike, Israel, 5, 29, 86, 115, 161. 
Israel P., Jr., 30, 58. 
John P., 12, 31, 52. 
Thurston, William, 162, 177, 198, 220, 223, 

251. 
Ticknor, Elisha, 24, 100, 126, 142, 163, 173, 

179. 
Tldd, Jacob, 209, 211, 216. 

Jacob, Jr., 96, 120, 149, 151. 
Tilden, Bryant P., 2, 22, 25, 50, 58, 66, 72, 
94, 107, 117, 121. 141, 159, 163, 174. 
John, 28, 
Jos-ph, 2, 24, 25, 50, 66,72, 94, 97, 

115, 140, 143, 161, 179, 241, 275. 
Major, 15. 
Tileston, Mr., 15S, 159. 

William, 31, 52, 180. 
Toll from South Boston bridge, 244. 
Tombs in South Burial Ground. 137, 145. 
to be built on guuhouse land, 178. 
Torry, E., 180. 
Town, act relative to workhouse in, 196. 

to Incorporate, 32. 
almshouse, accommodations of, 

184. 

bequest of Thomas Boylston to, 83. 
boundaries committee to settle, 

252. 

buildings near the Common, 194. 
chief executive of, 40-41. 
clerk, 3, 19, 27, 42, 47, 50, 62, 65, 66, 
70, 92, 94, 105, 112, 136, 138, 
143, 155, 157, 158, 160, 164, 
165, 166, 167, 172, 178, 181, 
182, 199, 201, 205, 223, 263, 
264, 265, 266, 274, 276 
change in duties of, 257. 
choice of, 1, 24, 49, 65, 93, 110, 

134, 173. 
salary of, 79, 104, 131, 154, 

202, 217. 
assistant, 205, 207. 

salary of, 206, 217. 
pro tern., 105, 138, 140. 
collector, 11, 35, 43, 61, 77, 104, 119, 
131, 153, 201, 202, 210, 
212, 213, 314. 



INDEX. 



299 



Town collector, accounts, to audit, 32, 59, 

75, 101, 208, 211, 213. 
applications for office 

of, 159. 

books of, 75, 102, 147. 
choice of, 36, 109, 157, 

158, 159. 

declines to serve, 158. 
deficiency in collection 

of taxes by, 33. 
salary of, 36, 107, 130, 

154, 204, 222, 230. 
corporate name of, 42. 
creditors, 10. 
debit and credit of, 33, 60, 151, 208, 

209. 

debt, interest on, 61, 103. 
statement of, 9, 217. 
division of, into wards, 256, 260. 
dock, abutters, 183. 

disposition of, 183. 
petition relative to, 171. 
exposed condition of, 17. 
government of, 261. 

alteration of, 41, 42, 

260. 
committee on change 

in, 32, 255. 

house, rent of, 62, 77, 103, 121, 152. 
income from market, 100. 
land, burial ground on, in South 

Boston, 122. 

in Alfred, Me., deed of, 183. 
South Boston, authority 
of Board of Health 
over, 122. 

on Neck. (See Land.) 
sale of, in West street, 4. 
laws relative to health, 55. 
management by superintending 

board, 41. 

meetings, 1, 5, 6, 7, 15, 16, 19, 23, 27, 
29, 30, 37, 38, 48, 49, 55, 57, 
58, 63, 64, 71, 72, 73, 74, 
90, 92, 96, 98, 99, 105, 
106, 109, 114, 116, 118, 
127, 132, 134, 138, 140, 
143, 144, 156, 164, 165, 166, 
172, 178, 181, 182, 199, 
201, 223, 251, 252, 263, 
264, 265, 267, 274, 276. 
continuance of, 42. 
petition to call, 17. 
money bequeathed to, 78. 
officers, 1. 

Choice Of, 47, 65, 93. 

laws respecting, 23, 110, 

173. 

removal of, 47. 
property, care and management 

of, by intendant, 46. 
statement to be pub- 
lished of, 107. 
records, 160. 

rights iclative to dock, !83. 
sidewalks, 4. 
standing of, compared with other 

cities, 42. 

treasurer, 4, 8, 11, 12, 31, 35, 36, 43, 
61, 75, 77,104, 119,131, 
150, 153. 158, 167, 201, 
-203, 208, 210, 212, 213, 
214, 215, 216, 224, 235, 
272. 

accounts, to audit, 7, 8, 
11, 32, 53, 59, P8, 74, 79, 
95,99, 113,137, 146, 175, 
208, 211, 213. 

advertising for candi- 
dates in newspapers, 
225. 

annual election of, 46. 
applications for office 
of, 159. 



Town treasurer, bonds of, 15, 37, 64, 91, 

159. 
books of, 75, 102, 119, 147, 

158. 
choice Of, 15, 36, 64, 91, 

109, 133, 157, 158, 159. 
clerks of, 130, 131. 
committee on uniting 
o ffi c e with county 
treasurer, 224. 
convention to choose, 

15, 206, 226. 

declines election, 158. 
deputies, 131. 
drafts of, 198. 
empowered to borrow 
money, 10, 22, 62, 78, 99, 
202. 
money from, for House 

of Industry, 194. 
notes of, 148. 
office of, to be united 
with county treasurer, 
154. 
payment to William 

Bigelow by, 20. 
petition to unite with 
county treasurer, 145, 
220. 

prosecution aganst, 14. 
report of committee on 

delinquency of, 20. 
report of committee on 
uniting office with 
county treasurer, 235. 
salary of, 79, 107, 154, 
204, 217, 
222. 

report of 
committee, 
130. 

clerks, 130. 

taxes received by, 60. 
to assume duties of 
county treasurer, 239. 
to receive all money 

from courts, 239. 
union of office with 
county treasurer, 225, 
261, 262. 
treasury, 91, 104, 107, 232. 

money in, 9, 60, 75, 102, 

120. 
receipts from justices of 

the peace, 4. 
watch, 232. 

increase in, 251. 
Townsend, Alexander, 99. 

David, 6, 28, 56, 72, 140, 162. 

180. 

Tracy, Nathaniel, 276. 
Train, Oliver, 116. 
Treadwell, Daniel, 92. 
Trefrey, William, 59. 
Trials before police, right to claim, 47. 

by jury, jurisdiction of, 263. 
Trott, George, 174. 
Trucks, 81. 

by-law regulating length of, 81, 

82. 
obstruction to business by, 80, 

81. 

owners of, 81. 
Truckmen, petition of, 79. 
Trueman, J. F., 276. 
Trustees, 86. 

of land on Neck, 4, 121. 

choice of, 12, 

30, 58, 99, 182. 

empowered to 

sell or lease, 

182. 

Tucker, Joseph, 3, 26, 51, 67, 94, 112, 136. 
Richard D., 73, 143, 162, '200. 



300 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 128. 



Tuckerman, Edward, 3, 12, 26, 30, 51, 58, 
67, 78, 95, 99, 111, 135, 162, 
174, 275. 

Ed\vard, Jr., 58, 65, 93. 
Henry H., 72, 116, 118. 
John, 137, 175. 
Tudor, Mr., 254. 

William, 57, 141, 180, 200, 220, 234, 

241, 275. 

William, Jr., 28, 30, 58, 74, 97. 
Tufts, Fitch, 14-2, 163, 166, 200. 

Quincy, 275. 
Tukesbury, William, 120, 149, 151, 211, 

215, 217. 

Turnpike, petition to build, 144. 
Tuttle, Charles, 174. 

Daniel, 72, 163, 200. 
Turell, 12, 30, 52. 
Turell, Jr., 12. 
Tyler, John, 118. 
Tythingmen, 31. 

choice of, 12. 

United States, 32, 37, 43, 63, 64, 65, 88, 108, 
132, 223, 232, 252. 

army, 6. 

cities of, 42. 

president of, 86, 87. 
University, 129, 169. 
Unknown, Benjamin, 37. 
Upham, Phiueas, 117, 142, 163. 

Vacancies, filling of, in committee on 
House of In- 
dustry, 21)3. 
. town offices, 

45, 47. 
Vagabonds, 195. 

act for suppressing and pun- 
ishing, 22. 

commitment of, 239. 
Vagrants, workhouse for, 194. 
Varnum, Joseph B., 28, 71, 97, 197. 
Vessels, quarantine of, 54. 
Vose, E., 180. 

Josiah, 142. 
Thomas, 142, 163. 

Votes for amendments to state constitu- 
tion, 181. 

delegates to convention for 
revising state constitution, 161. 
electing state officers, 265. 
governor, lieutenant governor 
and senators, 5, 27, 56, 71, 96, 
114, 139, 179, 274. 
presidential electors, 165. 
register of deeds, 176. 
representatives, 30, 57, 74, 98, 117, 

141, 199. 

to congress, 92, 
110, 164, 166, 
170. 

resolve, relative to city govern- 
ment, 263. 
selectmen, 173. 
town treasurer and collector, 15, 

36, 64, 91, 109, 183, 157, 158, 159. 
to accept city charter, 265. 
Vinal, D., 142. 

Wagons in streets, 80. 
Wait, Thomas B., 126, 161. 
Wakefleld, Ter., 200. 
Waldo, Francis, 179. 

H. 8., 118. 

8., 180. 

Walker, Dudlev, 176. 
Wallack, Moses, 140. 
Walley, Mr., 109, 133. 

Samuel A., 140. 

Samuel H., 57, 93, 97, 111, 135, 142, 

161, 167, 178, 180, 200. 

Walter, Lynde, 7, 30, 48, 58, 161, 180, 199, 
275. 



Wanton persons, 195. 
W r ar, 18. 

expenses arising from, 34. 
Ward, Artemus, 23, 29, 72, 97, 115, 139, 161, 

251. 

Benjamin, 116. 
Thomas, 164. 
Warden, 260. 
Wards, choice of delegates by, 45. 

committee from, 105, 171, 254. 

elections, 260. 

election of Justices of the Peace 

by, 41. 

meetings of, 260. 
redivision of, 260. 
to choose committee on municipal 

government, 32. 
town to be divided into, 256. 
Ware, Rev. Henry, 65, 126, 161, 164. 
Warrants, 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 16, 17, 23, 27, 29, 
30, 31, 32, 33, 37, 38, 46, 48, 
49, 56, 57, 58, 63, 64, 65, 71, 72, 
73, 74, 86, 90, 92, 93, 95, 96, 98, 
99, 106, 108, 109, 110, 114, 116, 
118, 127, 132, 134, 138, 140, 143, 
156, 160, 164, 165, 167, 172, 173, 
178, 181, 199, 201, 219, 220, 223, 
224, 251,259, 264, 265, 267. 
article in, relative to claim of 
David Hiuckley 
and Luther Ellis, 
145. 

to continue range of 
tombs in South 
burial ground, 137. 
lease, rooms in Old 
State House to 
Freemasons, 138. 
from treasurer of the common- 
wealth, 227. 

return of, to police court, 47. 
Warren, Dr. John C., 2, 25, 49, 66, 93, 111, 

161. 
Watch-house in connection with school, 

274. 
Watchmen, salary of, 107. 

increase of, 127, 

131. 

Watson, Benjamin, 117. 
Watts, John C., 276. 
Webb, Nathan, 1, 2, 7, 24, 25, 50, 66, 74, 85, 

86, 94, 110, 112, 114, 126, 134, 136, 162. 
Webster, Daniel, 92, 97, 110, 115, 143, 161, 

164, 165, 166, 179, 241, 274, 275. 
Mr., 15, 109, 133, 157, 158, 159. 
Bedford, 2, 22, 25, 48, 49, 52, 55, 
65, 93, 100, 104, 105, 106, 111, 135, 
143, 158, 161, 171, 173, 183, 198, 
203, 254, 275. 
Weights and measures, sealers, petition 

to appoint additional, 183, 202. 
Welch, Francis, 48, 52, 55, 117, 142, 171, 177, 

198, 200, 251, 267, 273, 276. 
Mr., 157, 158, 159. 
Dr. Thomas, 2, 25, 49, 66, 93, 111, 

136, 176. 

Weld, Benjamin, 1, 7, 15, 24, 30, 50, 52, 55, 
64, 91, 99, 101, 104, 109, 133, 136, 220, 
223. 

Frederick, 143. 
Mr., 233. 
Wells (Welles), Arnold, 24 57, 74, 85, 86, 

142, 162. 

Benjamin T., 134, 140, 163. 
George, 1 15. 

John, 3, 27, 28, 52, 67, 71, 92, 95, 97, 
104, 113, 115, 137, 139, 161, 166, 175, 
179, 275. 

Mr., 135, 157, 158, 159. 
Samuel A., 104, 110, 114, 115, 116, 
118, 123, 128, 135, 139, 141, 158, 159, 
160, 161, 164, 166, 167, 171, 173, 177, 
179, 180, 198, 200, 201, 203, 251, 275. 
Thomas, 200. 



INDEX. 



301 



Wells, William, 2, 25, 49, 66, 93, 111, 136, 

143, 176. 
West, Benjamin, 30, 48, 100, 111, 122, 143, 

162, 200, 276. 
Joseph, 142. 
West Point Cadets, 220. 
Wetmore, William, 17, 120, 149. 
Wharves for House of Industry, erection 

of, 247, 269. 

in connection with House of In- 
dustry, 269. 
rent of, 198. 
pilfering from, 271. 
Wheat surveyors, choice of, 3, 26, 51, 67, 

95,113, 137,175. 

Wheeler, John H., 182, 200, 264. 
Wheelwright Lot, 200. 
White, Benjamin, 2, 3, 26, 51, 67, 94, 95,112, 

113, 136, 137, 174. 
Eben, 200. 
Henry, 140. 
William, 67. 

Whitman, Benjamin, 7,13,20, 30,58,74,91, 
97, 98, 116, 117, 140,141, 154, 
161, 167, 171, 178, 180, 200, 275. 
Mr., 15, 37, 133, 157, 158, 159. 
S. A., 275. 
Thomas L., 276. 
Zachary G., 118. 
Whitney, Asa, 142, 162, 200, 201. 

Jonathan, 7, 30, 48, 58, 116, 117, 

121, 135,141,163,174,200. 
Josiah, 142. 

Whittemore, Benjamin, 276. 
Whitwell, Benjamin, 16, 58, 74, 176. 

Samuel, 72, 118, 142. 
Wiggin, Timothy, 29. 
Wigglesworth, Thomas, 58, 66, 94, 142, 162. 
Wild, Abraham, 200, 220. 

D., 200. 
Wilkinson, Mr., 159. 

Simon, 72, 162. 
Will of Thomas Boylston, administrator 

of, 84,85. 
agents to de- 
li v e r r e- 
leases to ad- 
ministrator 
of, 85. 
compromise 

on, 85. 
controversy 

over, 83. 
difficulties 
in prose- 
cution o f 
town 
claims 
against, 84. 
testator of, 

83,84. 

value of be- 
quest to 
townln,83. 
money from 
t o p a y 
for new 
Bchools,99. 



Willett, Joseph, 203, 206. 
Williams, Elijah, 162. 

Eliphalet, 134, 145, 152, 154, 155, 
161, 171, 173, 180, 182, 183, 199, 
253. 

Henry, 116, 276. 
John D., 25, 50, 66, 94, 100, 111, 

135, 163, 171, 174. 
Moses, 110,182. 
Robert, 1, 24, 49, 65. 
S. K., 162. 
Timothy, 142. 
Willis, Charles, 140. 

Dean, 142, 180. 
Nathaniel, 163, 200. 
Winchell, Rev., 64. 

Winchester, Edmund, 117, 135, 141, 200. 
Winslow, Benjamin, 200. 
Charles, 200. 
Isaac, 75, 81, 113, 115, 127, 137, 

139,143,162,179,223,241. 
John, 2, 3, 25, 27, 50, 66, 94, 111, 

112, 122, 176, 200. 

John, Jr., 2, 25, 50, 66. 

Winthrop, Thomas L., 6, 100, 124, 139, 142, 

162, 179, 200, 275. 
Wisner, Mr., 178. 
Withington, Elijah, 118. 
Witnesses, 239, 240. 
Wise, Daniel, 118. 
Wood, Abraham, 200. 

John, 24,48,52,55. 

William, 92. 

laws relating to carrying of, in 

streets, 80. 
Woodward, Joseph, 143, 177, 179, 198. 

Richard, 198. 
Workhouse, 194, 195, 270. 

act for erection of, 22. 

of General Court relative 

to, 196. 

relative to erection and 
govern m e n t of, 195, 
196. 
as part of system of police, 

195. 

committee on petition rela- 
tive to, 177. 

overseers of, choice of, 22, 25, 
49, 66, 93, 111, 
135, 173. 
accounts, to 

audit, 53, 68. 
petition to erect, 177. 
report of committee on erec- 
tion of, 184. 

Wright, Edmund, 118, 163. 
Edmund, Jr., 142. 
Mr., 120, 149, 151, 
Nathaniel, 118. 
Wyman, William, 200. 



York county, Maine, deed of town land 

in, 183. 
Young, A., 66, 118.