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Full text of "War diary : German Naval Staff Operations Division"

UNCI/ 71ED 



WAR DIARY 



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German Naval Staff 
Operations Division 



PART A 



VOLUME 55 



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BECOKDS 

MARCH 1944 



NAVAL WAR COLLEGE" 
CLASSIFIED LIERARY 



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JUN 22 1955 



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WAR DIARY OF NAVAL STAFF 
(Operations Division) 

PART A 
March 19^4 



Chief, Naval Staff: Admiral of the Fleet Donitz 

Chief of Staff, Naval Staff: Vice Admiral Meisel 

Chief, Operations Division, Naval Staff: Rear Admiral Wagner 



Volume 55 

Begun: 1 March 19^4 

closed: 31 March 19^ 






MIOB OB >■ 



j 



FOREWORD 

1. This volume entitled War Diary of the German Naval Staff, 
Operations Division, Part A, is Volume 55 covering March 1944« 
Other volumes will follow shortly. 

2. The War Diaries, Part A, are important because they con- 
tain a day by day summary of the information available to the 
German Naval Staff and the decisions reached on the basis there- 
of. Together with Fuehrer Conferences on Matters Dealing with 
the German Navy. 1939-1945. which have been published, the War 
Diaries should provide valuable material for the study of naval 
problems arising from total war. The War Diary, Part A, is also 
a useful index to the German Naval Archives of World War 11$ 
references may be found in the Classified Operational Branch of 
Naval History Division (Op-29). 

3» Due to the cost of publication, only a limited number of 
copies could be made • If any recipient of this War Diary does 
not need to retain it, it is requested that it be returned to 
Naval History Division ( Op-29). 

k* The translation of this War Diary was made in London, England, 
under the guidance of Commander S. R. Sanders, USNR. When his 
London Office was closed and the translation project was dis- 
continued, much unfinished material was sent to Naval History 
Division, (Op-29). Because the dissemination of the data con- 
tained in these documents is important, the translations and 
stencils have not been checked for accuracy of interpretation, 
phraseology, and spelling of officers 1 names or geographical 
names. Distribution under these conditions seems justified be- 
cause translators are not available in Naval History Division. 
Research to correct possible inconsistencies and to revamp in 
smooth form the rough or literal translations did not warrant 
the expense involved. 

John B. Heff ernan 
Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy (Retired) 
Director of Naval History 



DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY 
Office of the Chief of Naval Operations 
Naval History Division 
Washington 25, D. C. 
1955 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Importance , 

On the evening of 29 March the Moscow "broadcasting station trans- 
mitted the official Russian communique whereupon negotiations with 
Finland did not yet "begin but preparations for such discussions might 
have been started. 

The embassadress in Stockholm forwarded the following conditions of 
peace to Passikivi: 

1, Rupture with Germany and internment of the German troops, if 
the occasion should arise with Russian help. 

2, Reestablishment of the Finnish-Russian treaty of 19^0. 

3, Immediate repartriation of the Soviet Unions and Allies 1 
prisoners of war and civil internees. The question of demobilization 
still should remain in suspense, while the question of reparation should 
he left to later negotiations in Moscow. 

A foreign information saying that unconditional surrender and occupation 
of Helsinki was asked for, was denied. 

In regard to the report of the Prime Minister on the political situ- 
ation the Finnish Reichstag, after having discussed for one hour in a 
session on 29 March gave his vote for confidence to the Government, Fur- 
ther treatment of the governments' report has "been transferred to the 
Committee of Foreign Affairs. 

According to the German Press Agency the report of the government did 
not comprise any refusing view point to the possibilities for discussing 
an armistice in regard to the Sovietic conditions. In the discussion 
merely liberal circles supported the version that Finland's political 
and military situation is getting worse frankly said from hour to hour, 
especially "by the evolution of the Eastern Front. 

This session of the Reichstag did not bring full clearness. 

It can not he assumed that the Finnish Government will accept the above 
mentioned conditions without ado and immediately. According to reports 
of the German Embassy the situation became inscrutable. 

Following an United-Fress information the Argentinean Minister of Foreign 
Affairs declared that the foreign policy settled by Ramirez will be con- 
tinued. This would mean that no attempt for resuming diplomatic rela- 
tions with Germany and Japan would be made. 



-1- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar, 1944 

The Commander in Chief, Navy proceeded to France for inspections and 
discussions. The Chief of Operations Division Naval Staff and the 
Quartermaster General joint the journey* 



I. Conference on the situation with the Chief of Staff of the Naval 
Staff. 

According to report of the Chief of Coastal Defense Branch, Quarter- 
master Division, Naval Staff the transport of the 89th Infantry Divi- 
sion from Aarhus to Oslo is completed. 

From 26 artillery ferry "barges which were provided for the Commanding 
Admiral Defences West and the Commanding Admiral Defences North, 23 
were completed following further report. 

The Quartermaster General appointed the number of small transport ves- 
sels being produced in the following months for the Aegean and the trans- 
port space which is needed for these unit3 on land transportation. Be- 
ginning with seven Siebel ferries in iMarch in total 42 naval artillery 
lighters, 28 naval supply lighters and 45 Siebel ferries will be ready 
for shipping uptil August. The number of trains required hereto will 
come to 57* Main concentration of transportation with 12, 19 respec- 
tively 15 trains will be in May, June and July. In request of the 
Chief of Defence Branch, Quartermaster Division the army promised its 
assistance in preparations for transportation. 



II. The daily reported damages and sea accidents of vessels inspire 
the Chief of Staff of Naval Staff to order that for a new time ail head- 
quarters will be advised to consider of all the possibilities which may 
correct these regrettable conditions. Also the Reich Commissioner of 
Maritime Shipping is to be approached by relavent official letter. 



III. The Deputy Chief of the Naval Intelligence Division Naval Staff 
reports on arguments of the British Minister of Aviation to the stand 
of aerial warfare, which possibly may characterize one of the most de- 
cisive phases of the whole war between February and March. It is said 
that in the passed year more than 2000 planes, which operated from 
Great Britain failed to return home. This would mean that nearly 18000 
British members of the Air Force would be dead or taken prisoner. Now, 
the German war production and the transport installations would be en- 
tirely within the range of the Allied bombers. But Germany's possibil- 
ities for striking back would be not in the least disdaining. 



-2- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar. 19^ 

IV. The Chief of Staff of Naval Staff reports that again the Com- 
manding Admiral of the German Naval Command Italy wired for dispo- 
sition of three MAS-boats for Italy for operations off Nettuno. 
Quartermaster General together with the Group North/Fleet should 
examine matters under the point of view that fighting is more , im- 
portant than training. 

V. Conference restricted to a Limited Circle. Army Situation: 

According to the reports of the Southern and Central Army 
Group the situation did not seem to have changed generally. With- 
in the area of the Northern Army Group the strong enemy pressure in 
the area of Pskov is lasting on, it was succeeded in cutting off the 
enemy penetrations on the Narva front. 

A.t the Italian front our own forces gained terrain everywhere in the 
"beachhead, even in small size only. Here, the planning is to get 
the enemy landing areas within the range of our own artillery. 

VI. The Chief of Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff reports on the 
conditions of armistice with Finland, announced by the Russians and 
on the reports which were submitted of the Reichstag Session in Hel- 
sinki. The impression is existing that the government is trying to 
win time. 



Special Items; 

I. Precautions in the Eastern Baltic Sea: 

The Naval Command East is informed on directives of the Armed 
Forces High Command Operations Staff from 29 February referring to 
the Operation "Tanne" "by the Naval Staff. 

Referring to the isle of Hochland the Naval Command East receives 
the following directives: 

1. Preparations and accomplishment on "behalf of the navy to 
be carried through by the Naval Command East; for that reason verbal 
discussions with the subordinated commands (Commanding Admiral Baltic 
Countries, Commander Minesweepers, East) are to be held, report plans 
as soon as possible. 

2. Directive for the isles of Aland will follow separately. 



-3- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar. 19^ 

3. The circle of persons who are in the secret are to report 
by name. Inform the Commander in Chief, Chief of Staff and First 
Staff Officer of the Group North/Fleet. 

Referring to the isles of Aeland the Naval Chief East receives the 
following directive: 

1. Direction of command is planned to he taken by the Naval 
Command East* 

2. The circle of persons and the information of Group North/ 
Fleet by the Naval Command East is ordered just in the same manner 
as in the operation Hochland. The Naval Artillery Detachment pro- 
vided for this operation will be formed by three batteries from Nor- 
way and one battery from the Dutch area. The Staff will be newly 
set up. 

Further directions on selection of the batteries and the assembly 
area will follow later. 

3. Execution of sea transportation is to accomplish in the 
manner of transfer as of the 21^th Infantry Division. Port of des- 
tination Mariehamn and Eckero respectively anchorage in the vicinity 
of those ports as there are no jetties for unloading. Approximately 
four in total ten or twelve naval landing craft (MFP) or similar ves- 
sels are required. 

4. Further directives will follow. 

The Quartermaster General, Naval Staff receives directives to select 
the batteries for the naval artillery detachments provided for this 
operation and to settle the assembly areas. 

The Quartermaster' s General attention is especially directed to the 
ordered camouflage and he is ordered to retain for record the names 
of persons who are knowing in secret. 

Copy of the draught 1 SKL I op. 6^1 respectively 651/^ g kdos 
Chef-sache in War Diary Part C Volume III. 

II. Referring to P Qu* 30: 

Previous conclusive considerations on the operation against P Qu 30 
were reported by the Group North/Fleet. Copy of adequate telegram 
as per 1 SKL 6511/^ g Kdos in War Diary Part C Volume I la. 



CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar. 19^ 

The P Qu 30 was the convoy, which up till now was the one most closely- 
conducted to the coast and which was proceeding with the remarkable 
high speed of nine knots in spite of heavy sea. 

The limits of submarine operations appeared very clear. This induced 
the enemy to shift the main concentration of the supply to Russia more 
to the northern route, to launch raids against the Norwegean coastal 
waters and thereby launch carrier-operations against the battleship 
"TIHPITZ" and to calculate with Norway even more for their operational 
and tactical aims. Further increasing of submarines in the Northern 
Waters and strengthening of air forces, especially of air torpedo planes 
appeared necessary to the Group North. 

III. The Commander in Chief Air Force/Operations Staff defined his 
attitude towards the opinion which was expressed by the Naval Staff 
(see War Diary 17 Feb.) that the majority of the passed submarine 
operations failed owing to too minor strength of the Air Commander 
Atlantic Coast and pointed out, that for several times the convoys 
were thoroughly and continuously spotted without that the submarines 
could reach noticable results. Certain promise can not be made that 
a daily number of twelve long range reconnaissance planes ready for 
action exclusively for purposes of submarine warfare will have to be 
put at disposal, as to the technical difficulties and operational mat- 
ters as well as to restrictions of production of the war factories in 
so far as the German Air Force will not be granted priority to all 
armament. 

Copy of adequate telegram as per 1 SKL 6453/^ g Kdos in War Diary 
Part C Volume IV. 

IV. The assessment requested by the Armed Forces High Command Oper- 
ations Staff on the question of an enemy landing operation south of 
the Gironde is given with draught 1 SKL I. op. 6572/44 g Xdos. Copy 
in War Diary Part C, special file "large scale enemy landing opera- 
tions". 

V. The Group South transmits the judgment on the situation which has 
been taken as basis for the planning of reinforcement of the coastal 
artillery in the Aegean Area and which includes the call of priority 
for delays proposed by the Admiral Aegean Sea. This was refused by 
the Army Group Command E corresponding to the expectations on an en- 
emy attack in the Thracian Area entertained by the Group Command, 
which should be strengthened in favor to the Greece area forwarded to 
the South. 

Principally the Naval Staff agrees with the judgment on the situation 
of the Group South according to which the circumference of the Aegean 
area is mostly exposed to danger and here the navy has to recognize the 
focal point of defences. 



-5- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar, 1944 

But for operational planning the following has to he taken into con- 
sideration; 

a. The problem of supply and transportation of the Aegean isles 
inclusive Crete and Dodecanese really is so difficult that stock piling 
for the isles must range prior to further reinforcement, 

b. Further strengthening of defences only is Justified on that 
place where sufficient supply, and storage can he carried through. 

c. The holding of the very Balkans is decisive for total defence 
of the southeastern area. Therefore, it is to be considered carefully 
whether [or] not the minor forces available must be put in operation on 
the mainland or islands near the mainland that are easier to supply, 
instead of on advanced positions, the defence of which may become 
difficult in time of enemy attacks. 

d. Especially the defence of Salonika as base and supply cen- 
ter is very important. 

e. Crete already has been fortified in large scale. 

The Naval Staff fully agrees with the opinion expressed by the Group 
South, that the Western-Greece and Ionian isles are of particular 
importance. 

Priority is judged by the Naval Staff as follows: 

a. Western Greece 

b. Salonika 

c. Attica 

d. Lemnos 

e. Peloponnesus 

f. Crete 

g. Dodecannese 

Copy of adequate draught 1 SKL I. op. 580/44 g Xdos Chef-sache in War 
Diary Part D Volume XIV. 

VI. The Group South renewed the request for disposition of a new Hav- 
al Artillery Detachment with nine medium-sized and one light battery 
for the Naval Shore Commander Salonika and for transfer of this Naval 
Artillery Detachment from the area Leningrad-Oranienbaum. 

-6- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar. 19^4 

The Quarte master General informed the Group South of the fact that 
the Group will receive in total three additional Naval Artillery Ve* 
tachments and that according to earlier directives of those the Naval 
Artillery Detachment 541 aa* to he put into operation in the Adriatic 
area, referring to the decision of the Commander in Chief, Navy. The 
selection of the operational area for both the other Naval Artillery 
Detachments Is left to the Group's own decision* Disposal of more 
forces is not possible* 

VII. Being interested in further confiding cooperation with the Croa- 
tian, the Chief of Naval Liaison Staff Croatian principally asked for 
sticking to the allotment of the six PT boats to the Croatian Navy 
and for immediate recovering the lack of practice in navigation, which 
was the reason why the original promise was cancelled. 

The Naval Staff sticks to its decision. The situation requires the 
immediate action of the flotilla and therefore it is impossible to 
wait for conclusion of the Croatian training. 

VIII. The Naval Staff accepted the request of the German Naval Com- 
mand Italy on forming up an independent escort squadron consisting 
of torpedo-boat TA B 23 tt , "25", "26" and SG "15" of the 10th Torpedo- 
boat Flotilla. The squadron will be subordinated to the 7th Coast 
Patrol Force. Chief of squadron will be the senior commanding of- 
ficer. Demands of personnel will not arise. 

IX. The Mlnelaying Experimental Command reports that a new British 
aerial mine was salvaged in the western Baltic Sea which will be named 
ELM/A X. Characteristics of this type see Copy of the report as per 

1 SKL 6578/44 g Kdos in War Diary Part C Volume VI. At this time the 
mine is not clearable. 

X. According to intelligence report via Ostro from the 12/13 Feb. 
approximately 40 vessels of the "Reserve Fleet" fully loaded with 
war material and laid up in Scotland, which was supposed to be an 
operational reserve of war material for an invasion of the mainland 
were withdrawn to the Mediterranean Area and not yet replaced. 
Thereby the tonnage laid up in Scotland Lochs has been reduced by 

35 - 38 #• Th® majority of the freighters joined a large scale con- 
voy which may have arrived at North Africa at about 10 Feb. 

According to another Ostro-report withdrawal of British Divisions 
from Italy to the homeland were certainly not carried out, also 
no closed divisions were transported from the homeland to the Ital- 
ian Theater during the last weeks. But in contrary to that, it must 
be counted on that more American troops will be carried to the Med- 
iterranean Theater. 



-7- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar. 19^ 

Situation 1 March 1944 

I© Warfare in Foreign Waters . 

Enemy Situation: 

nothing to report* 



Own Situation; 

With Radiogram 1307 submarine supply ship BEAKS receives the follow- 
ing directive: 

"For meeting with submarine approach point which is located 1 
degree more to the West and 15 degrees more to the South than "Spalier". 
Approach this point daily at 1200 Mean Local Time and wait until dusk 
circumfering up to 15 miles. Shore off at night. Arrival of BRAKE 
at this point is estimated from about 11* Approach the meeting point 
with particular attention; if meeting traffic or enemy air or surface 
forces shore off immediately and rigourosly to the South-Bast . B 



II • Situation West Area : 

Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group were 13, at the 19th Group were 36 and in the Azores 
Squadron one plane was detected in action. 

Five locations of British vessels were reported in the rendezvous area. 

Following Ostro-report from 12 Feb. the observation of ships concen- 
tration in Great Britain resulted no essential news. Unusual requests 
of bunker coal were not submitted. 

According to another Intelligence report strong air raids are to be 
planned during the night of 5/6 March on Brest, Rouen, Le Havre and 
Calais with the utmost care to harbor installations. At the same 
time British light naval forces are to mop up the waters from German 
vessels. In time of suitable weather commando raids are to be pro- 
vided for the 6/7 March against several places on the channel coast. 
Thereby operations with paratroopers are planned. 



-8- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar. 1944 

Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast : 

The destroyers Z n 23 rt and ZH "1" left for exercises at 0700 as plan- 
ned. Six outgoing submarines have "been escorted. 

During the night of 1 March the transfer of the 4th Torpedo-boat- 
Flotilla and the mine exploding vessel 157 from St. Malo respectively 
lezardrieux to Brest is planned. 

Channel Area : 

During the night of 29 Feoruary the 5th and 9th PT boat Flotilla ex- 
plored the channel in Plymouth-Bay and sighted nothing. 

The 2nd and 8th PT boat Flotilla put out for torpedo operations a- 
gainst the South-convoy. One enemy plane was repulsed by machine- 
gun fire. In approaching, motor gun-boats have been sighted, which 
were avoided. Owing to increasing bad visibility, return to Ymuiden 
was started at 2300* 

The 4th Torpedo-boat Flotilla with the mine exploding vessel B 157 B 
transferred from Cherbourg to Lezardrieux respectively St. Malo. 

At 0230 the convoy of the steamer HECHT left Boulogne. Off the mole 
in going out HECHT was pushed towards an caisson and scored inrush of 
water. The ship was towed again to Boulogne. But besides this, the 
ship struck the harbor barrages* 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters . 

North Sea: 

Enemy Situation: 

Off Wangerooge and off Brest four groundmines were swept. The stranded 
steamer MAASBURG in trying to get off, was attacked by ten Mosquito 
planes in low-level flight. Owing to damage of one tug the steamer 
was not yet succeeded in towing off. The crew was rescued. The Steam- 
er caught fire. The other ships of the convoy 1225 Hook Van holland 
Elbe River entered Elbe estuary. Two steamers of the convoy 485 Elbe- 
Hook returned, owing to rough seas. 

In the Zuider Zea and in the Zealand Waters four convoys with 52,000 
BRT were carried out. 

-9- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar* 19^ 

The Saval Command North reports, that independently of "barrage escorts 
continuous channel sweeping in consideration of enemy mining concentra- 
tions can not be executed no more "because of the 21st Minesweeping 
Flotilla beginning with routine dockyard repairs in the middle of Mar, 
and in consequence of the withdrawal of four minesweepers to the Com- 
manding admiral Defences Baltic and of the detaching of the 1st Mine- 
sweeping Flotilla and three artillery ferry barges to the Commander 
Minesweepers East* 

Simutaneously withdrawal of these boats means diminuation of anti- 
aircraft guns to 28 10,5 cm barrels and 180 guns of light and second 
anti-aircraft artillery* 

At least, in regard to the concentrated enemy minelaying operations 
the Naval Command North asks for cession of subsistutal disposal for 
the four boats belonging to the Commanding Admiral Defences East* 

In February 19^ the following operations were carried through in the 
area of the Commanding Admiral Defences North: 

6 East bound convoys with 33 ships with 68715 BIT 

5 West bound convoys n 27 n " 60955 * 

Elbe-Ems traffic ■ 77 " " 1551^ w 

Ems-Elbe B » 82 n n 172359 " 

Elbe-Esbjerg n n 7 M " 10614 » 

Esbjerg-Elbe " B 7 " " 9181 ■ 

Merchant shipping and escort duties in the area of the Commanding Ad- 
miral Defences North suffered in weekly's average of the month of Feb, 
19^4- contrary to the average of the whole year 19^3 a decreasing num- 
ber of 318 ships with 35^,000 BET to 251 ships with 322,700 BET. This 
statement was made in the course of an examination in order to calcu- 
late, if it might not be possible to withdraw at least temporary es- 
cort forces from the convoy traffic in the area of the Commanding Ad- 
miral Defences North* 

The Commanding Admirals Defenses North is that monthly restriction of 
the Netherland shipping to 12 convoys consisting of six steamers of 
3500 BET each may be suitable, 

-10- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar. 19^* 

The Rotterdam traffic means relief to the traffic in the inner zone 
of the Heligoland Bight, which otherwise may "become the focal point 
of enemy minelaying and air raid operations and therefore would re- 
quire adequately higher expenses of power. Enemy action in narrow 
waters is much more effective than on longer routes. 

In any way continuous channel sweeping is necessary in order to pass 
destroyers, torpedo-boats and supply ships to the West Area and also 
for evacuation and reinforcement transports in event of enemy landing 
operations in the Dutch-Belgian areas just as for accomplishment of 
necessary minelaying operations in the South-West fortification and 
off the Dutch coast. According to the recent development of enemy 
minelaying tactics, short planned channel preparations are as good 
as hopeless. 

Every interruption in channel controlling means entire blocking in 
short time* 

In monthly average of the year 19^3 108 mines were swept and in Feb, 
19^ 125 British ELM and LM thereof ^5 off Hook were swept in the 
area of the Commanding Admiral Defences North, 

Norway /Northern Waters: 

Enemy Situation: 

Thirteen planes were detected on missions over the North Sea. 

Own Situation: 

On 28 and 29 February penetrations of 18 respectively eight planes 
into the area of Kirkenes-Petsamo as well as penetrations of five 
planes into the area of Vardoe were reported. 

At 1231 on 1 March the convoy of the troop transport JUPITER was at- 
tacked by enemy submarine with torpedoes north of Mosjoen, 

Twenty north bound and 17 south bound ships were escorted. 

With four submarines the group Taifun is formed up in AC 45. 

IV, Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 
Enemy Situation: 

According to radio monitoring five minesweepers and ten other ves- 
sels were detected in the wireless telegraphic picture with the staff 
of the Fleet and the staff of the watching posts. 



-11- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar. 1944 

Between Xronstadt and Lavensari remarkable "busy wirelesa telephonic 
exchanges were detected. 

Own Situation : 

Twenty-five "boats in the Baltic Sea Entrances and four minesweeping 
planes and 21 boats and seven minesweeping planes were engaged in 
minesweeping in the remaining Baltic area. 

Off Travemiinde and in the Fehmarn-Belt one mine was swept. 

Out of the 57 mines which dropped ashore in the last minelaying op- 
eration "by planes, 53 were salvaged, four were "blasted. 

Escort duties were carried out as planned. Nothing particular 
happened. 

From the forces destinated for the Com m a n der Minesweepers East 
the "boats B K 6" and B "35" and WF "119" entered Gotenhafen. The 
"boats AF "49", "2", "5" and "9" returned to Kiel owing to "bad weather. 

The AE "29" and "35" are lying in Memel, the AE "30", "31", "32", "46", 
and "50" in Lifcau, AE "37" in Stettin. 

On application of the Naval Command East (see War Diary 28 Feh.) the 
Naval Staff decides that principally engagement of squadrons, inspec- 
tions and schools for any kind of minesweeping operations may only 
"be considered in case of special events and after having preliminary 
approval of the Naval Staff as these kind of extra operations of 
training squadrons divert them in unbearable extent. Operations of 
the 1st Motor Minesweeper Flotilla in the area of the Commanding Ad- 
miral Defences East are left to the Naval Command's decision so far 
as employment in the Gulf of Finland is not required due to the icing 
situation. The mining and Harbor Defence School Flotilla may "be re- 
stored as soon as possible. 

Situation on the Mainland. 

The "battle Headquarters of the Army High Command 18 is now situated 
in Wormoski. The final "battle Headquarters will be Werro. 

According to judgment on the situation by the Naval Command East 
very strong enemy attack from the Newel-front with thrust direction 
Riga and the attempt planned at the same time to breach the Narwa- 
front and to roll up the coastal defences in the Gulf of Finland must 
"be expected. 



-12- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar. 19^ 

V, Merchant Shipping . 

The intelligence Division Naval Staff reports on the total shipments 
to Russia in the year 19^3 under particular consideration of the devel- 
opment and effort of the Russian Far-East merchant shipping. Copy of 
the report 4637/^4 g Kdos in War Diary Part C, Volume XI. According 
to this report in total 7830 000 tons of cargo were transported from 
Oct. 1941 to Dec. 19*0 on all supply routes at sea, out of which al- 
together 7025 000 tons reached their destination. 



VI. Submarine Warfare . 

Enemy Situation: 

On 26 Feb. the submarine U n 66" sunk one steamer of 5000 BRT from a 
convoy east-bound and another probably off the Gold-coast. In addi- 
tion to that on 1 Mar. the boat sunk one ship of 7000 BRT single pro- 
ceeding with escort vessel heading East in EV 5877» 

In BD 6362 the submarine U rt 44l w sighted one control group and sunk 
one destroyer with Zaunkonig-torpedo. No special reports. 



VII. Aerial Warfare . 

During the day only some isolated penetrations into Belgium-North- 
ern France and Western France in the sea and coastal area without 
attacks were reported. 

In the evening, 164 of our own bombers operated against London, where 
131 succeeded in attacking. 

Eight planes were lost. 

Belch Territory . 

During the day isolated enemy reconnaissance planes were reported in 
the area of Kassel, which probably spotted the Eder-reservoir. 

During the night of 1 Mar. several hundred enemy planes divided into 
two groups penetrated into the Reich territory flying over Reims, 
Strassburg. These two groups attacked Stuttgart from the South and 
South-East. The raid in its cause of damage was judged to be more 
severe than all other up till now. Damage of industry was inflicted 
in the Bosch, Daimler-Benz and Kodak works. Reports of our own re- 
sults in defence are not yet available. 



-13- CONFIDENTIAL 



CCMFIDBNTIAL 
1 Mar. 19^4 

Mediterranean Theater: 

On 29 Feb* 350 enemy planes were in operation in the area of the 
beachhead where nine were shot down. Several 100 planes attacked 
the ground organization in the area of Viterbo, two were shot down 
by our own antiaircraft artillery* 

Eight planes were reported to "be over the Aegean and eleven planes 
were in the coastal area from Cattaro to Bar. On the evening of 29 
Feb* one freighter of 5000 BRT was sunk and four freighters and one 
landing-craft with altogether 15000 BET was seriously damaged by 47 
of our own "bombers in the area of Nettuno* Two of our own planes were 
lost* On 1 Mar* our own planes did reconnaissance flights* 

The Algiers Bay and tha harbor of Ajaccio were spotted* ( 

Eastern Front? 

On 29 Feb* 402 own and 45 enemy missions were counted on the Eastern 
Front* Two of our own planes were shot down, seven enemy losses were 
reported* 

Evaluation of the aerial photograph taken from Murmansk to Kola-Bay 
on 29 Feb. resultedQndicated] 57 freighters with altogether 331 000 
BRT between Kola and Krasnaja Guba* Off Cape Salmi six destroyers and 
three patrol boats off Rosta, 1 destroyer lying in the drydock was 
recognized* 

On the afternoon of 1 Mar* one Ju "88° plane sighted in the Eastern 
fairway one convoy consisting of seven freighters of 5 - 7000 BRT each 
and two ice-breakers and two tankers heading SSE* 



VIII* Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea* 
1* Area of the Naval Group Command Vest * 

Enemy Situation: 

On the evening of 28 Feb. one CAIRO class cruiser left Gibraltar to- 
gether with two transports, and one auxiliary cruiser on unknown 
course* 

On the morning of 29 Feb* one DELHI class cruiser, three destroyers, 
one transport and three freighters arrived at Gibraltar coming from 
the Atlantic* 



-14- COKFIDEHTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar. 19^ 

The vessels which were reported by Tangers at 0300 on 29 Fet>. were re- 
cognized in the afternoon from Tres Forcas as a convoy consisting of 
five big transports, seven freighters and one destroyer heading to the 
Mediterranean, 

Own Situation: 

On board of the SG "15" in Marseille fire broke out which could be ex- 
tinguished* Cause was unknown. On board of the battleship STRASSBOURG 
water rushed in on equally unknown cause. 

The Group West corrects the report of 29 February saying that the steamer 
ARTESIEN was not transferred from the Italian area, but operated in 
transport duties for the Organization Todt within the own area. But 
nevertheless the Group West maintained its application of stopping the 
transfer program of tonnage of the Italian area and directed that as far 
as possible the operation with steamers of large tonnage may be avoided 
in transportation service for the Organization Todt east of Toulon. 

The Naval Staff agreed with the opinion of the Group West and ordered 
to report the resumption of transfer. 

2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy. 

Enemy Situation: 

In the landing area of Nettuno our own air reconnaissance stated ship 
movements of usual extent. Particular important points were not spot- 
ted. Following a report of observation of Elba, two destroyers coming 
from Sardinia were sailing between Corsica and Elba with course to and 
from Capraia. 

Own Situation: 

On the afternoon and evening of 28 Feb. about 20 detonations were ob- 
served south of Genoa. The detonations might be caused by rough sea 
within our own barrages. 

Two TA -boats (torpedoboats) left Spezia for operation NUSSKNACKER and 
two harbor defence boats left Venice and Ravenna for minelaying opera- 
tions. 

During the night of 1 Mar. the minelaying operation "Wildente" off Cap- 
raia is planned. The damaged steamdr LUIGI MARTINI 18^7 BRT struck a 
mine on 28 Feb. in the area off Ravenna was towed up to Chioggia and 
sunk in the harbor. 



-15- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar. 19^ 

3. Area of the Naval Group South: 

a. Adriatic: 

Jsnemy Situation: 

Following reconnaissance of the forwarded coastal areas probably two 
torpedo-boats and one submarine were sailing 30 miles NE of Termoli 
on 29 Feb. at 0840. On 27 Feb, three spitfire attacked anti-aircraft 
emplacements west of Bar and army strongholds north of Durazzo with 
gunfire, one plane was shot down. 

Own Situation: 

The steamer KAPITAN DlB)RICHSEn left Pola southward bound at 1815 with 
escort of torpedoboat TA "36" f "37", submarine-chasers "201" and "205" 
and motor minesweepers E "lao", W 190 M and B 191 n . 

At 2145 the convoy was engaged with three suspected enemy destroyers, 
which were sailing unseen leeward the shore west of Isto. 

The torpedoboat TA "37" was disabled by two enemy salvoes and stopped. 
The steamer DIEDRICHSEN was shot afire with three or four salvoes. The 
fire was answered and one hit was recognized. The enemy went off when 
DIEDRICHSEN was burning in full scale. The TA "36" and submarine- cha- 
ser "205" sailed to Pola with the crew of DIEDRICHSEN. The R-boats re- 
mained in the vicinity of the steamer. Torpedoboat TA "37" is being 
towed in. 

The place where the submarine-chaser "201" has been left is unknown, 
she is suspected to be lost. At 11^5 on 1 Mar. the steamer DIEDRICHSEN 
sunk. Therefore the operation n Lampenschirm tt has been interrupted. 
Brief battle report of the 11th. Escorting Flotilla see Radiogram 1200. 

On the morning of 29 Feb. the torpedo-boat TA w 20" and three motor bar- 
ges left Triest southward bound in order to transport aircraft patrol 
for Split and Metkowitz. But the operation had to be interrupted be- 
cause two barges were disabled. 

In Arza, on 25 Feb. one battery was assumed by the Naval Artillery De- 
tachment 623 in ready to action condition. 

b. Aegean . 

At 1500 on 29 Feb. one sailing ship running in charter for the Red 
Cross was shot afire by four enemy vessels off the northwestern coast 
of Peleponnese. The shore command put into action near Andros landed 
on Skyros on 29 Feb. for mopping up the Isle. Owing to rough sea two 
J infantry boats stranded on the morning of 1 Mar. 

-16- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar. 3 9^ 

In the area of the Admiral Aegean 23 ground mines were swept "by mine- 
sweeping planes and six mines "by minesweepers in the month of Feb. Two 
drifting mines were sunk "by gunfire, three of our own mines were sal- 
vaged. One enemy mine detonated. 

c. Black Sea ; 

Enemy Situation: 

According to radio intelligence three minesweepers and three PT-boats 
were detected off the southern part of the Caucasian coast up to 0600. 
On the evening of 29 Feb. one submarine was detected southwest to west 
of the Crimea coast another one was detected in the eastern Black Sea. 
Two boats with unknown position are supposed to be on the central 
Black Sea. 

According to wireless telegraphic traffic the destroyer SPOSSOBNY pre- 
sumably was at sea in the SE part in the morning. In the evening ex- 
cept the cruiser VOROSHIIiOW the cruisers XRASNY, KAWKAS with destroyer 
BESPOTSHADNY and the Captain of the 1st Destroyer Division were de- 
tected at sea. In the afternoon one PT-boat was detected in the area 
south of Kertsch-peninsula and in the evening submarine was detected 
in the waters off the southern Crimea coast and submarine P west of 
Cape Tarkau. 

Own Situation: 

During the night of 29 Feb. the 1st PT-boat Flotilla operating leeward 
the Caucasian Coast met no traffic and no patrolling, return was star- 
ted untimely owing to bad weather conditions. 

During the night of 1 March the patrol line in the Kerch-Straits 
remained unoccupied because of bad weather conditions. 

Minesweeping, submarine-chase and clearance duties were carried out 
without special events. 

In the morning submarine U "20" arrived at Sevastopol having accom- 
plished minelaying operations off Poti for taking over new torpedoes. 

The stranded naval landing craft off Zilia and the submarine -chaser 
run aground off San Gherge are salvaged. Escorting duties were 
accomplished without special events. 



IX. Situation Eastern Asia. 

B ismarck-Archi-nelago . 

On 29 Feb. American troops landed on the isle of Los Negros situated 
within the Admiralty-Islands. The landing operation was surprising and 
succeeded. It gives the Americans a favorable base for interference to 
the Japanese supply route to Rabaul and Bougainville. 

-1?- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1 Mar, 19^ 

On 2? Feb. USA-forces shelled Rabaul from the sea-side for a new time, 
while simultaneously a heavy air-raid was carried out. Other Allied 
Naval Forces were "busy on the Madank coast and off Buka. 

Caroline Islands. 

The USA-Headquarters in Hawaii reported that after examination of the 
reconnaissance photographs taken of the harbor of Truk, 23 ships were 
stated as sunken. 

On 25 Feb. Ponape, Kussi, Nauru and the "base on the Marshall Islands 
were attacked by the enemy air force. 



2 Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Importance : 

Heuter transmits utterances of political and military circles of Ankara, 
whereafter British and American war material from the Middle East des- 
tinated for Turkey do not arrive any more. In the southern Turkish 
ports too the shipments of armaments nearly come to zero.. The stag- 
nation in Allied shipments seemed to have occurred simultaneously with 
the return of the British Military Delegation to Cairo. Generally, 
one has the impression in Ankara that fundamental changes of British 
Policies on behalf Turkey should become true, but at any rate, the 
Allied seemed to have abandoned all hopes that Turkey actively may 
share in the war. 



Conference on the Situation with' Chief of Staff of Naval Staff . 

I. The Quartermaster General reports that from six PT boats three were 
assigned to the German Naval Command Italy for operation with the 10th 
PT boat Flotilla and three to the Supreme Command of the Armed Forces 
with the right for the Naval Staff to recourse to purposes of the Naval 
Special Operational Detachment. 



II. The Chief of Naval Intelligence Division reports on arguments of 
Prime Minister Tojo in the meeting of the cabinet on 22 Feb* in regard 
to reports of the German embassy in Tokyo. Therein is said: The Sit- 
uation of war is said to be very serious. Previously, the enemy should 
have advanced to the Marshall Islands and recently should have carried 
out an air raid on Truk. The present fighting situation should be 
very difficult and no optimism would be allowed. If this crisis would 
be overcome, a way for safe final victory would be opened to Japan. 
But assumption for that would be the establishment of close reliance 
between the military Supreme Command and the government. It would be 



-18- CONFIDENTIAL 



( 



( 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2 Mar. 19^ 

necessary to carry out the required strategical precautions in the 
right moment with "boldness and comprehension of all strength of the 
government and of the people for the attack against the USA and Great 
Britain. In this decisive period the government would he bent on 
overcoming all obstacles and on bold accomplishment of all strategical 
requirements. Certain precautions would have to be worked out in a 
hurry. 



III. Army Situation: 

The large scale battle in the area of Newel is lasting on and in the 
whole succeeded in defense. In the area of the Army Group North the 
enemy is pushing forward to the panther position up to Pskov. On the 
Narva- front enemy attacks increased in strength. 

In the operation against the landing front south of the Tiber River 
the original aims of attack again could not be reached this time. The 
strength of enemy defense was stated to be extraordinary strong. 



IV. Chief of Staff of Naval Staff reports that the Fuehrer pose the 
question asking what was done against the PT boats supply traffic be- 
tween Lysekil and Great Britain. 

The Naval Staff had to withdraw all forces for pushing tasks in the 
Baltic Sea. The only possibility is existing in sufficient air re- 
connaissance in order to approach destroyers held in three hours 
readiness. But, naturally, this possibility is extremely limited. 



V. The Chief of Naval Intelligence Division Naval Staff reports on 
the situation in Finland owing to a report of the Military Attache 
from his visit to the Minister of War on 29 Feb. This one declared 
that the conditions known at that time would be inacceptable. The 
government's attitude is inscrutable. 

In every way one may count on the fact that the decision at 
least still may turn out in disfavor to Germany. An article 
of the leading social democratic newspaper, dated from 29 Feb. 
is pointing in this direction, which apparently was written 
in knowledge of the Russian conditions and which in any case 
emphasizes further accomplishments of these possibilities of 
peace. To the same direction points a report which was re- 
ceived by the Foreign Office on behalf of a discussion of the 
embassy with a member of the Finnish Cabinet. 



-19- CONFIDENTIAL 



( 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2 Mar. 19^ 

Special Items 

I. Concerning the Eastern Baltic Sea 

1. The Armed Forces High Command Operations Staff, Navy, trans- 
mits the following: 

I. "In the framework of preparation for directive 50 the pos- 
sible development of the situation in Finland requires considerations 
as quickly as possible on the following "basis: 

a. Attempt for evacuation of troops and supplies from 
Finland to the homeland at least evacuation of the greatest part of 
stocks stored in south and central Finland on sea routes. 

b. Not only preparation for the tonnage but the required 
naval forces and escorting vessels also. 

c. Taking on account the possibilities that in partial 
modification of existing plans forces won by evacuation from Finland 
could be brought into operation for executing "Tanne". Therefore 
checking and Judgment asked for following questions: 

1. To what extent can troops and supplies be evac- 
uated via ports of the Gulf of Bothnia. 

2. Which space from the tonnage of + he Baltic Sea 
can be proceeded in short time to Finland, how much and in what time 
can be carried with it. 

3. Which part of naval forces and patrol vessels can 
normally be brought into operation for protecting the transfer from 
Finland. 

4. Is there any possibility within the bounds of care- 
ful thinning out of stocks and transloading into the vicinity of Fin- 
nish ports, also of displacing on suitable ships lying there» 

II. In connection with foregoing questions continuous informations to 
the Operations Staff are required on: 

a. The icing-situation of the Gulf of Bothnia in particular 
consideration of the Finnish ports. 

b. The German merchant tonnage lying at times in Finnish ports 
and which will be available at short notice for evacuation of supplies 
and troops. 

-20- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2 Mar. 19^ 

First hand informations at the earliest possihle date to these ques- 
tions are requested for the Operations Staff, Navy. 

III. It is referred to closely restricted circle of persons in charge 
of owing to necessities of keeping the secret. The Chief of Shipping 
and Transport Branch was shortly informed during his presence in the 
Fuehrer' 8 Headquarter. " 



2. In order to execute the operation "Tanne" the Naval Staff asks the 
Commanding General Armed Forces Norway, with copy to the Armed Forces 
High Command Operations Staff, the Naval Command East and Norway, the 
Army General Staff Operational Department, Group North Fleet to keep 
the forces destinated for transfer to the Army Group North of: 

4 Army coastal "batteries (thereof 2 "batteries with 10.5 cm guns 
(field) and 2 batteries of 15»5 cm guns (field)) mounted on 
wheel trails. 

1 fortress engineer staff. 

1 fortress engineer battalion. 

1 rock drilling company. 

Units of personnel to man four coastal batteries in the area of Oslo 
in readiness for transfer and for short termed transloading. 

Confirmation as well as further description of the troops is requested. 

The Commanding General Armed Forces, Denmark, with copy to Armed Forces 
High Command Operations Staff, Naval Command East, General Staff of the 
Army, Group North Fleet is requested to keep the kl6th Infantry Division 
without the East Battalion which is detached for transfer to the Army 
Group North in disposal for [short -termed^J shipment in the area of 
Aarhus. 

Finally the Commander in Chief, Air Force, Operations Staff is requested 
to transfer the forces provided for the operation "Tanne" into the area 
of Danzig and to put them at disposal for short-termed transloading. 

Confirmation as well as further description of the troops is requested. 

Copy of adequate draughts 1 SKL I op. 679, 678 and 677/^4 g Zdos Chef- 
sache in War Diary Part C Volume III. 



-21- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2 Mar. 19^ 

3. The Operations Division, Naval Staff informs the Commander in 
Chief, Navy, via Naval Shore Commander, Normandy of the political 
situation of Finland as following: 

1. "Following the information of the Foreign Office the first 
day of the Reichstag session did not result any essentiales facts. 
The Finnish Government strives hard for alternation of the conditions. 
Further discussion of the Reichstag in three or two days. 

2. According to report of Naval Attache, whose source is a 
good agent, the Reichstag passed quietly, minor opposition. Prime 
Minister should have said, necessity of Finnish decision would occurs 
earlier as expanded "by reason of development on the large northern/ 
eastern front. Russian immediate conditions would "be unacceptable. 
The government would strive hard for alternation* The Reichstag would 
approve of Government's declaration in passing to the order of the day. 
The Ministry of War should have declared the conditions to he hard and 
inacceptable. According to report of the Attache, the key for all 
coming events would remain in the military development on the Eastern 
Front." 



( 



II, The Admiral attached to the Army Group B received order to in- 
form the Army Group B on the subject of judgment upon the coastal de- 
fenses of the Heligoland Bight (see War Diary 27 Feb.) and the infor- 
mation that the report of the Naval Command North on the present con- 
dition of defenses of Heligoland Bight and the judgment of the Armed 
Forces High Command had been submitted. Therefore, change of judgment 
on behalf of the side of the Armed Forces High Command will be expected. 



( 



III. The Operations Division, Naval Staff informs the Commander in 
Chief, Air Force Operations Staff of the statement and experiences in 
the fighting against the convoy PQ 30 according to the reports from 
the Commander Submarines Norway and the Group North, Fleet and explains 
the reasons why in spite of figurative efforts of the reconnaissance 
forces of the 5th Air Force, which under most difficult defenses and 
weather conditions happened to seize the enemy again and again, to re- 
main in contact with the enemy and to transmit good reports of posi- 
tions, the submarines did not succeed in good results. Copy of the 
writing 1 SKL I L 6579 G kdos in War Diary Part C Volume I la. 



-22- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2 Mar. 19^ 

IV. Concerning to changes in the organization of the Department 
Foreign Countries Intelligence Division, the Chief of the Armed 
Forces High Command has issued the following directives dated 23 
Feb: 

1. "With effect from 1 Mar, 19^4 the Bureau Foreign Countries 
is eliminated from the Department Foreign Countries Intelligence Di- 
vision and will be subordinated to the Operations Staff Armad Forces. 
As until now the Chief of this Division, Vice Admiral Buerckner remains 
to my direc^ disposal for special tasks and for the service of Armed 
Forces Attaches, 

2. The Department Foreign Countries Intelligence Division gets 
first of all the designation "Intelligence Department" (Abw). To it 
are subordinated the sections Intelligence Z (Abw.Z), Intelligence I, 
II, III. 

3. The Colonel in the General Staff v.Bentivegni will be com- 
missioned to take charge of the affairs of the department up to further 
directives, 

4. The employment of the Admiral Canaris will be decided later 
on. He is attached to "the officers of the Armed Forces High Command 
to my disposal." 

The Organization and Mobilization Branch is 
charged in view of future organization of this 
branch to make contact with the officers coming 
in consideration for the ordered interference of 
strong forces of the Navy, 



V. In the beginning of January the General Staff of the Army /Foreign 
Armies Vest examined in a sketch the possibilities and chances of an 
enemy dislocation of main concentration to the Balkans with the pur- 
pose of succeeding in quick decision of war and thereby putting up 
the question, if the required large shipping space may be available 
to the enemy powers and if there might exist ample facilities of de- 
barkation in the Mediterranean. The Intelligence Division, Naval 
Staff examined the questions in cut regarding to the strength of troops 
given by the General Staff (in total 1,750,000 men with weapons and 
equipment) and thereby stated, that the formations to be approached 
may come to the half from Great Britain and from the east coast of the 
USA. For one single transfer there should have provided 10.5 millions 
BRT of transports for troops and 14 millions BHT of freighter tonnage 
for equipment. Besides this, 3 millions of BRT would be continuously 
engaged for supply yearly, thereof 2,1 millions BRT would come to the 
supplies from USA, Examination of facilities for debarkation resulted 
that the following time would be required for the whole development: 
from Great Britain approximately k months, from the USA about five 
months for equipment and material and about two and a half/three months 
for the debarkation of troops, 

-23- CONFIDENTIAL 



COMFLUMTIAL 
2 Mar. 19^ 

In total, there might he needed seven millions BRT of tonnage, of 
which at present about six millions BRT may he available for oper- 
ational purposes. One million more may temporary be withdrawn from 
civil shipping. The disposition of troop transport space makes no 
difficulties. Thereof results, that with the whole length of time 
for transfer of four or five months the movements would have already 
been started in December in order to come to a conclusion in April. 



VI. The Intelligence Post, detached to the Naval Command North Sea 
transmits a report on the investigation of a crew member of the Brit- 
ish Liberty-ship FORT BELLINGHAM, which was sunk by one of our subma- 
rines in the northern Arctic Ocean. Copy of the report as per 1 SKL 

8151/^ geheim in War Diary Part D Volume "Records on the enemy situa- / 

tion." { 



Situation 2 March 19^4 
I. Warfare in Foreign Waters . 
No special reports. 



II. Situation in the West Area: 

1. Enemy Situation : 

At the 15th Group six and at the 19th Group H6 planes were detected 

in being on missions. Six locations of British vessels were repor- ( 

ted in the rendezvous area. 

The Admiralty announced the loss of the destroyer WARWICK. On the 
18th of Feb. the destroyer was recognized for the last time being at 
sea in channel area. She probably may got lost in the engagement with 
PT boats during the night of 25 Feb. 'off the British East coast. 

At 133^ air reconnaissance sighted south of Lizzard Head six or ten 
steamers without giving no details for course, at 1530 in the western 
part of the Lyme Bay one steamer heading West and at 1531 off Falmouth 
four steamers and two patrol vessels heading west. 

According to Intelligence report from London dated 13 Jan. the C-in-C 
Western Approaches represented the opinion that after the sinking of 
the battleship SCRARNHORST the danger for the convoys on the northern 
route would now be so unimportant that the largest part of the Home 
Fleet may be stationed in South England in order to attack German ves- 
sels in Channel area and blockade runners in the Biscay Bay. But, 

-24- CONFIDENTIAL 



COMFIDSSTIAIi 
2 Mar. 19^ 

contrary to that the C-in-C Home-Fleet recognised further threatening 
of the northern convoys hy battleship TIRPITZ and other ships. The 
first Sea-Lord supported the desire of the CinC Western Approaches* 
Therefore a greater part of the Home-Fleet was transferred to the South- 
vest and subordinated to the C-in-C Plymouth, 

All repair shipyards in the British ports are overcrowded with landing 
craft, which are to be repaired and overhauled. According to opinion 
of many naval officers, an invasion may be impossible so far this bot- 
tleneck would not be overcome. The bottleneck of repairs effects dis- 
turbancies to the repair of Mediterranean landing craft which have to 
be sent to the homeland. This might have been one of the main reasons 
for the journey of General Wilson to Great Britain, as the strategical 
plannings of the Mediterranean Theater were disturbed essentially by 
these delays of repairs. 



2* Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

In Quiberon Bay and off the Glronde one mine each was swept. 

The destroyers Z "23" and ZH "1" carried out routine exercises accord- 
ing to plan and entered the Gironde in the evening* 

Two submarines were escorted Ingoing* The *fth Torpedo-boats Flotilla 
proceeding from St. Malo to Brest in escorting at far distance the 
convoy of the mine exploding vessel "157" was engaged with five enemy 
destroyers off the northern coast of Brittany. The enemy was detected 
in early times by Radar locations and was sighted in good visibility 
and clear horizon at 0220 in strength of five destroyers of the I-class* 
Double spread fan of torpedoes shot by torp. boat move [?] was outman- 
euvered by shoving off* The escort was accomplished without further 
events. Preliminary report of the 4th Torpedo-boats Flotilla see rad- 
iogram 08*40. Summary of battle report see radiogram 2040* The com- 
position of the own squadron with 2 torpedo-boats, "39" and the older 
boats "MOTE" and "WOLF" effected unfavorable conditions. The enemy in 
detecting our numerous convoy formations by Radar location apparently 
had no clear decision upon its real strength and composition, as he on 
the other hand undoubtedly might have taken advantage from its own su- 
perior battle strength opposed to our own naval forces. 



-25- CQHFIDEKTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2 Mar. 19^ 

Channel Area: 

During the night of 2 Mar. torpedo operation of the 5th and 9th PT- 
boat Flotillas against convoys in the Plymouth-Bay is planned owing 
to the results of air reconnaissance. 



Special Items: 

The Group T, Test reports that the transfer of steamers from the West 

Area to the Homeland during the period of new moon in the end of Feb. 

may he considered as failure. The steamer RECUM is lying in Boulogne 

for eight days owing to damages. SFRAMEX could not advance in time, 

due to weather conditions. Transfer to Cherbourg is intended. / 

The ATLANTA may not be ready for sea before 7 Mar. because of her en- 
gines disabled in trials run. Now these three steamers are to be trans- 
ferred in the period of new moon during Mar. Therefore the steamers 
originally planned for the month of Mar. were curtailed except for 
MEXPHALTE, the transfer of which is planned in Mar. as *Hh ship. 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters. 

North Sea: 

Owing to stormy weather conditions patrol and minesweeping duties were 
suspended. All escorts have been broken off. 



( 



Norway/Northern Waters ; 

1. Enemy Situation: 
Seven planes were detected in operation at the 18th Group Command. 



2. Own Situation: 

On 29 Feb. and on 1 Mar. six penetrations into the area of Petsamo 
with bombing were reported, one penetration in the area of Kirkenes 
and two in the area of Vardoe were reported. 

At 0500 on 2 Mar. the Norwegian steamer LOTE stranded in the western 
approaches of Drontheim. At 2238 the steamer THOB (2526 BIT) with 



-26- CONFIDENT IAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2 Mar* 19^ 

coal presumably was torpedoed off Buhdmen by enemy submarine and sunk. 

Thirty-one northbound and twenty-eight southbound ships were escorted. 

From the ten submarines type VI Ic held in readiness in south Norwegian 
ports against enemy landing operations, three have arrived at Bergen 
up to now. There are planned for Bergen four, for Kristiansand South 
four and for Stavanger two boats. 



IV, Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea: 
1, Enemy Situation: 
No special reports. 



2, Own Situation: 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances 26 boats were there and in the running 
Baltic Sea 53 boats and three minesweeping planes engaged in mine- 
sweeping. Off Fehmarn, in the Luebeck-Bay and in the Kiel -Bay three 
mines were swept. Owing to mine detonation a Danish motor schooner 
sprung a leak north of Samsoe, 

The convoys were carried out on schedule and without special events. 

The Naval Command East transmits the report of the Commanding Admiral 
Defences East whereafter minesweeping tasks have increased essentially 
owing to the accentuation of the mining situation and the sweeping of 
training areas for inspectorats and schools, so that the 12 minesweep- 
ing planes subordinated as to operational matters to the Commanding 
Admiral Defences East no more will be sufficient for the execution of 
these tasks. The Commanding Admiral Defences East announced the want 
of 18 further minesweeping planes. The apply was supported by the Naval 
Command East and as minimum demand increasing of the squadron* s active 
number from 12 to 18 planes is requested. 

Regarding the situation on the mainland. No special events were sub- 
mitted. 



CONFIDENTIAL 



-27- 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2 Mar. 19^ 

V. Submarine Warfare : 

On 29 Feb. the submarine U "183" sunk a modern large tonnage tanker 
of 12000 BRT with four torpedoes in the Indian Ocean within the area 
of Colombo, With seven other shots of older torpedoes from Penang 
the "boat did not succeed. 

Submarine U "7^4" sunk in the North-Atlantic in B E 5221 three small 
tankers at 1000 BRT each. 

At 0310 in CG 5586 submarine U "421" was attacked by Gibraltar plane. 
According to radio monitoring this same plane reported SOS at 0331 in 
the same area. 



VI. Aerial Warfare: 

Western Area: 

During the day busy penetrations into Belgium-Northern France were re- 
ported with attacks on working grounds and airfields as well as on 
transport installations. In western France attack of 100 Fortresses 
which were escorted by strong fighter screen on the airfield of Chartres 
was reported. The field was seriously damaged and can not be 
used for landing. 

During the night of 2 Mar. 1^5 enemy planes penetrated into the area 
of Belgium-Northern France. In the area of Maastricht-Bruxelles in- 
dustrial plants and one airfield was attacked. One close rank forma- 
tion of about 250 planes flew over the Somme-mouth up till south of 
Paris without attacking. 



Reich Territory: 

During the day strong bomber squadrons penetrated via the Schelde- 
estuary into the area of Rhein-Main in the afternoon hours and par- 
tially advanced up to the area of Coburg-Bayreuth-Mannheim was attacked 
inflicting minor damage only. With slight respectively medium sized 
damage both Ludwigshafen and Frankfurt were raided. On return course 
60 bombs were dropped on Coblenz but failed and hit in its masses the 
town woods. In the evening isolated enemy planes penetrated into the 
area of the Rhenian-Westfalian industry district. 3^ bombs were 
dropped on Muenchen-Gladbach. 



-28- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2 Mar. 19<*4 

Mediterranean Theater: 

On 1 Mar. only minor reconnaissance and fighter bomber activity was 
carried out. On the evening of 1 Mar. one of our own bomber opera- 
tion consisting of 20 planes attacked ship targets in the harbor of 
Anzio and inflicted damage on one steamer of 5000 BRT. 

In the course of 2 Mar. our own planes carried out photograph spot- 
ting in the area of Algiers. Results, see situation of the day. 
Further results of reconnaissance, see enemy situation in the West- 
ern Mediterranean. Reconnaissance carried out in the eastern Med- 
iterranean on the Turkish coast and in the delta of the Nil-River 
yielded no result. 



Eastern , Area: 

On 1 Mar. 720 own and 224 enemy missions were carried out on the 
Eastern Front. Two of our own planes were shot down and five lost 
enemy planes were reported. 

On 1 Mar. our own Air Force annihilated five enemy boats in the Kerch 
Straits. 

In the operational area of the 5th Air Force reconnaissance against QP 
convoys was resumed. 

In the report on the Aerial Situation West No. 30 dated 1 Mar. the 
Commander in Chief, Air Operations Staff Ic deals with the tactical 
statements which were made during the British-American air offensive 
operation on 19-20 Feb. Furtheron, extracts from a Churchill-speech 
held on 22 Feb. referring to the aerial warfare were reported. The 
Operations Division, Naval Staff informs the Group North-Fleet, West 
and South, the Naval Commands East and North by the draught 1 SKL I L 
6661/44 g Kdos Copy in War Diary Part C Volume 7. 



VII,, Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea 

1. Area of the Naval Group West: 

Enemy Situation: 

From Gibraltar one cruiser of the CAIRO class, one transport, two 

freighters and four escort vessels left for the Mediterranean. 

Thore was one convoy, presumably DGS 33, in strength of one transport, 

-29- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2 Mar, 19^ 

53 freighters, eleven tankers with seven escort vessels passing 
through the straits into the Mediterranean, Id the afternoon eleven 
ships left Gibraltar West/hound. The unit was reported from Purta 
Canero as convoy of 1^ freighters with four corvettes heading West. 

On the afternoon of the 1 March "battleship WABSPITE, two auxiliary 
carriers and two cruisers of the DELHI class were sighted lying in 
Gibraltar, 



Own Situation; 
Nothing to report. 



2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy: 
Enemy Situation: 

According to radio traffic the convoy UGS 33 is expected to be 
destinated to Naples-Nettunia, parts of the convoy KMS 42 are sail- 
ing to Nettunia, Naples and Corsica, 

On the morning of the 1 March strong increasing number of small 
merchantmen was sighted in the harbor of Ajaccio according to photo- 
graph spotting eleven freighters with altogether 20,000 BRT were 
counted. On the morning of the 2 March one destroyer was sailing 
off the Bonifacio Straits. Off Anzio a patrol-line *5f six destroyers 
and one escort vessel were recognized. In the entrance of the port 
of Anzio one ship was sunk by our own 17 cm army battery. On the 
afternoon of the 1 March two destroyers and two merchantmen were 
sighted off 7ieste at the eastern coast heading southward. At 07^5 
on the 2 March a convoy of 18 merchantmen of medium tonnage with 
four escort vessels was sailing between Malta and 3engasi, steering 
east,, 

Following a report of the intelligence division submitted to the 
Panzer Army High Command 2 in South Italy, the Anglo-Araericans are 
spreading news, whereafter landing operations on the Dalmatian coast 
in the nearest time are fast approaching. The Panzer Army High Com- 
mand 2 is supposing that outflanking landing manoevres are to be 
carried out north of Pescara in order to move up the front of the 8th 
Army, to discharge the Nettunia-bridgehead and to contain further 
German troops. 



-30- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2 Mar. 19^ 

Own Situation: 

During the night of the 1 March the operation NUSSKNACKER was carried 
out by two TA-boats. The harbor of Bastia was shelled with good effect. 
Torpedoes fired by PT-boats were avoided. 

Two harbor defense boats executed the mining operation ULME 1 southeast 
of Ravenna as planned. 

At 0130 one of our own convoys was attacked by enemy PT-boats with four 
torpedoes without yielding any effect 15 miles south of Leghorn. Our 
own minesweepers passed this same area without engagement. The Radar 
location post Leghorn and the harbor of Anzio were raided by enemy planes. 
The anti aircraft protection of Talamone was handed over to mobile naval 
anti aircraft groups with five guns. Genoa and Spezia were exhorted to 
strike by fly-sheets. Incidents were prevented by early counter measures. 

During the night of 2 March one operation with PT-boats in the area of the 
beachhead is planned. 

Escort duties and patrol service is developed to full scale. 

Submarine U "6l6 probably has sunk one destroyer in C I 5955 with Zaun- 
koenig torpedo. 

The Commander Submarines Mediterranean reports his plan to direct the 
Submarine U rt 3^3 n to leave Toulon on the k March to the eastern Mediter- 
ranean. As being the 5th boat within the area of the enemy beachhead the 
operation with U "371 n is planned. 



3. Area of the Naval Group South. 
a. Adriatic : 
Enemy Situation: 
During the night of 29 March two ship targets were located off Durazzo. 



Own Situation: 

On the 1 March torpedo-boat TA 36 entered Trieste with damaged boilers 
and the submarine chaser n 205 n entered without damage. Torpedoboat 
TA n 37 n entered Pola seriously damaged. According to the report of the 
Commander 11th Escort Flotilla the submarine chaser "201 w probably was 



-31- CONFIDENTIAL 



coyrijaniAL 

2 Mar. 1944 

torpedoed. Nothing can be said of the 110 crew members, there- are no 
news available. Slight casualties were caused by the sinking of steamer 

DIETRICHSEN. 

On the 2 March one Siebel-ferry was shot afire during the air raid on 
Trogir. One harbor defence vessel had casualties. On the 28 February 
the steamer JADEA2J (54-50 BRT) sank in Dubrovnik due to bomb hit. The 
ship was there for repair. 



b. Aegean. 

Enemy Situation; 

In the afternoon three submarines were recognized two to three miles off 
Tigani with NE-course. On the evening of the I March one enemy plane 
was shot down over Kilos by antiaircraft artillery. 



Own Situation: 

Additionally is reported that in Amorgos one motor sailing ship was sunk 
on the 25 February by enemy plane. According to Greece statements another 
seven motor sailing ships are to be sunk. Another report without date 
speaks of the sinking of four motor sailing ships in Nios by enemy planes. 



c. Black Sea . 

Enemy Situation: 

At 19^2 on the 1 March the cruiser VOBOSCHILOW was located in the area of 
Poti. During the day extremely busy traffic of small vessels and PT boats 
on the whole Caucasian coast was detected by radio intelligence. The 
movements in the evening and during the night probably served for changes 
of bases and exercises. 

In the southern part of the Caucasian coast five PT-boats were recognized 
and in the northern nart one boat. 



Own Situation: 

Eamysch Burun was shelled on the morning of the 1 March and 2 March. The 
place was attacked by 14 enemy planes on the afternoon of the 1 March 

-32- COSFIDEIITIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2 Mar. 19^ 

without damage. On the morning of the 2 March ten enemy planes at- 
tacked Iwanbaba with bombs and gunfire. Our own PT-boats remained 
undamaged. 

Submarine U ^O^ left Sevastopol in the afternoon. The PT-boats S "28" 
and S "40" transferred from Constanta to Iwanbaba. 

During the night of 2 March the patrol line in the Kerch-Straits was 
occupied by three naval landingcraft. 

Off St. George submarine-chaser "2301" run aground. 

The Crimea convoys were carried out without particular events. 

Again the Danube-Hiver has been released for shipping. 



VIII. Situation Bast Asia. 
Nothing to report. 



3 Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Importance: 

The Finnish press and publicity represents nearly without exception the 
opinion, that the Russian conditions in the shape submitted were inaccep- 
table. But a new judgment of the leading social-democratic newspaper is 
not mentioned. 



Conference on the Situation with Chief of Staff of Naval Staff: 

I. The Chief of Naval Communications asks for support from the Chief of 
Staff of Naval Staff to the Chief of General Staff of the Air Force in 
reference to the distribution of the first produced 100 Berlin sets, which 
in total were totally claimed from the German Air Force. 

The Chief of Staff of Naval Staff orders submission of corresponding tele- 
gram to the Chief of General Staff of the Air Force. 



-33- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
3 Mar. 19^ 

In a highly res tricted circles 
II* Army Situation; 

Own successes in defence were reported on the large scale fightings in 
the area of Bobruisk, Vitebsk and Nevel. The situation on the Narva/front 
is difficult because of own feeble strength. 



III. The Chief of Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff : 

The Liaison Officer attached to the Finnish Air Force reports that the 
attempts to reach a favorable peace were continued, although the present 
conditions are inacceptable. The total average through the reports sub- 
mitted by various sources creates an unscrutable and confused picture of 
the situation. 



Special Items: 

I. Operation "Tanne". 

a. The Operations Div, /Naval Staff transmits the following judgment 
of the political situation in Finland to the Commander in Chief, Navy via 
Commander Submarines West: 

1. H Now too the Finnish News Agency announced officially the con- 
ditions of Moscow for armistice. The Finns thereby emphasize that up to 
now no kind of official peace negotiations did occur. 

2. The German Liaison Officer attached to the Finnish Air Force 
reports: Chief of Foreign Office Department in the Finnish General Head- 
quarters does not believe in possibilities of a separate peace. Future 
development will depend upon the fact which guarantees Germany would have 
to offer for successful continuation of war. 

3. The Chief of the Intelligence Center Finland reports: 

Following words of Colonel Paasonen of the Finnish Headquarter, the army 
and large parts of the Finnish people consent to the continuation of war. 

But a stronger political group is trying by all methods to reach a some- 
what suitable peace. la event of evacuation of the Baltic States, espec- 
ially of Esthonia no guaranty for political evolution in Finland can be 
assumed. A German declaration, issued in this sense would give the Finnish 
War a favorable turn. The declaration was issued with full agreement of 
Marshal Mannerheim. One is expecting changes in German policy toward the 
Baltic States. 

-34- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
3 Mar, 19^ 

4. On Wednesday the Finnish Minister of Foreign Affairs de- 
clared to the German Ambassador that owing to German withdrawal move- 
ments the Finnish Front would be incapable to hold any longer. It 
may be possible that thereby eventual Finnish withdrawal to the border- 
line of 19**0 was to be suggested and sustained," 

b. Directive of 1/SKL I op 676/kk Gdkos Chefsache for the operation 
"Tanne" see War Diary Part C Volume III, 

The keyword "Tanne" will be ordered by the Armed Forces High Command, 
The Naval Command East sets up the operational plan and reports its 
plans for execution, as soon as possible. 

To keep the secret, all measures so far as they must be announced to 
the troops are to be camouflaged in the sense of preparation for short 
termed transfer to the Army Group North, The real purpose of the 
measures only is allowed to be known by a very small circle of persons, 
whose names must be settled by the High Command, in the Supply and 
Transportation Office of the Armed Forces Overseas only to the Chief 
and one expert. It is prohibited to issue written orders or directives 
containing the actual plans beyond the Army High Command or Command 
Headquarters equally to right. 

Forward condensed account in advance by telegram to the Naval Command 
East. Copy referring to l/SKL I op 676/^f Gkdos Chefsache in War 
Diary Part C Volume III. It reads: 

"A, Task: Surprising occupation. Achievements with keyword 
"Tanne". 

B, leading orders: Operational conduction by the Naval Command 
East to which will be placed at disposal: 

1, For conduction of the landing squadrons: Commanding 
Admiral Training Units, 

2, For execution of the landing on behalf of the army: 
The Commander of the *H6th Infantry Division, 

3, For planning, preparation and execution of the defense 
of the island: 

The Naval Shore Commander (will be newly established) and 
the Commander of the 4l6th Infantry Division. 

C. Participating Forces see B. Nr. 1 SKL I op. 65 2/kk 
Gkdos Chefsache. 



-35- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 

3 Mar. 19^ 

D # Execution: 

1, Preparing measures: The Commanding General Armed 
Forces, Norway, Denmark and the Commander in Chief, Air Force ate requested 
for urgent selection of troops and for disposing them for embarkation: 

a. Forces from Norway in the area of Oslo, 

b. *H6th Infantry Division in the area of Aarhus, 

c. Combined Antiaircraft artillery detachment in 
the area of Danzig, 

d. Disposition of Staff and one battery of a Naval 
Artillery Detachment (from the Dutch area) also in the area of Danzig, 
Naval Shore Commander to the initiative of the Naval Command East, 

II, Transfer and landing: 

a. Decisive for landing are the military conditions being at hand. 
It is desirable to land surprisingly quick with considerable strong 
forces. Rough guide for timing of the transport echelons: 

1, Echelon: Three ships, thereof two to M. one to E,, D-day 
morning in the port of destination, 

2* Echelon: Equal to 1st echelon, D-day / 1 day morning in 
the port of destination, 

3, Echelon: Four ships, both two to M and E, D-day / 2 day 
morning in the port of destination, 

k. Echelon: Equal to 1st Echelon, D-day / 6 day morning in 
the port of destination a 9 s»o, 

b, Space of transportation: Execute planning in co-operation 
with the Shipping and Transportation Branch, The Shipping and Trans- 
portation Branch is planning to prepare for ten troop transports. Con- 
centrate about twelve naval landingcraft at right time in the area of 
the Baltic for unloading. As difficulties due to ice may arise, dis- 
pose for ice-breakers and attach them to the transport squadrons. 

III. Escort: 

a. Units of the Commanding Admiral Defenses East and of the 
Commander/Minesweepers/East, heavy cruisers PRINZ EUGEN, SCHEER, 
Group Kothe, and if required in coordination with the Naval Staff the 
2nd and 3rd Torpedoboat Flotilla, 

-36- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
3 Mar. 19^ 

b. The Commander in Chief, Air Force is requested for close pro- 
tection, fighter escort and support of landing troops in case of 
resistance. 

E. Regulations for communications settles the Naval Command 
East. 

F. Report plans as soon as possible. Thereby submit: 

a. Timetable for transport echelons and planned escort, 

b. Plannings for tactical execution of landing, 

c. First planning for defense of the isle." 

c. The following directive of the Armed Forces High Command /Opera- 
tions Staff, which was transmitted on the 26 Feb to the Commanding Generals 
Armed Forces Norway and Denmark only arrived at the Naval Staff on the 

3 March (added by hand: fault of the Armed Forces High Command). 

"1. Development of the situation may oblige in every time to with- 
draw forces for short time and unforseen events in the East, especially for 
defense of surprising Russian landing operations on the coasts within the 
area of Army Group North. 

2. The Commanding Generals Armed Forces Norway and Denmark provide 
for that task the following formations and units let them stay in their 
present task and prepare them, so that they may be evacuated in shortest 
time by rail or ship. 

a. Commanding General Armed Forces Denmark: 

4l6th Infantry Division (without East Battalion). 

b. Commanding General Armed Forces Norway: four army coastal 
batteries (thereof two batteries 10.5 cm guns (Field) and two batteries 
15»5 cm guns (Field) (mounted on wheel trails), one fortress engineer staff, 
one fortress engineer battalion, one rock-drilling company, personnel for 
manning four coastal batteries. The detachments are to withdraw mostly from 
South Norway. The Commanding General Armed Forces Norway reports, which 
units are provided for detailing. 

3. The units to be called off by the key-word "Tanne". 

if. Commanding General Armed Forces Denmark and Commanding General 
Armed Forces Norway report to Armed Forces High Command the shortest amount 
of time from the moment of issuing the keyword until the beginning of the 
evacuation. 



-37- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
3 Mar. 19^ 

Thereby must provide: 

a. Commanding General Armed Forces Norway: transpor- 
tation "by ship from Oslo respectively ports of Southern Norway. 

"b. Commanding General Armed Forces Denmark: transpor- 
tation "by railway from North Jutland or transportation "by ship from Aalborg 
(report the time needed for both). 

5. Application of transportation for ship and railway-transloading 
of the called formations are to submit immediately to the Armed Forces High 
Command/Operations Staff/Home Staff Overseas Branch "by the Commanding Gene- 
rals Armed Forces Denmark and Norway," 

The Naval Staff informs the Naval Command East, with copy to the Group 
North/Fleet with the following appendix: 

"1. Port of embarkation for the 4l6th Infantry Division not Aalborg 
but Aarhus. 

2. The same regulation may be counted on the concentration of naval 
and Air Force forces. 

3. Change of the directive l/SXL I op. 6?5/^ Chefsache cypher E 1. 
will follow." 

Adequate alterations of the directive from the 2 March have been sent to 
their addressees with the draught 1 SSL I op. 687.689 respectively 692/o4 
Gkdos Chefsache. Copies in War Diary Part C Volume III. 

d. A. For the isles of Aland and Hochland the Naval Staff orders 
the following organization: 

1. Aland Islands 

a. Naval Shore Commander with task forces 
(Command No. 7000) 

b. One Naval Port Commander each for MariehaTnm and 
Eckero (No. 7001 and 7002) 

c. Four harbor guard detachments for anchorages 
(No. 7003 to 7006) 

d. One coastal Defence Flotilla (7007) concentrating 
of eight auxiliary minesweepers and six patrol boats from the area of the 
Commander (Minesweepers) East or the Commanding Admiral Defences East. 
There are planned six patrol-boat companies for disposal of material prob- 
ably found on the Aland Islands; afterwards withdrawal of the above men- 
tioned patrol/boats. 

-38- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
3 Mar. 1944 

e. Naval Artillery Detachment 629(7008) "by new estab- 
lishment of Staff and concentration of batteries with personnel and materiel 
inclusive air raid protection of the detachment. Hereto there will be at- 
tached eight army coastal batteries. Order referring the disposal of the 
naval batteries will follow separately. 

f. One Naval Communications Officer with two Naval 
Teleprinter Stations and six Naval Signal Stations (No. 7009). 

g. One Naval fitting-out Depot (No. 7010). 
h. One Ordnance Command (7011). 

i. One Administration and Supply Depot (No, 7012). 

k. One Establishment of Naval Pilotage and Seamarks 
Authority (No. 7013). 

1. Extended sick-quarters at the Naval Artillery- 
Detachment 629 (No, 7008 a). 

2, Hogland 

a. One Naval Port Commander (No. 7014) 

b. One Naval Teleprinter Station and two Naval Signal 
Stations (No. 7014 a) 

3. *s per OKM 1 SKL I op. 675 from the 3 March 1944 
E) 2) c) f prepare the requested 12 naval landing craft from the 13th Landing 
Craft Flotilla, Further facts by the High Command, Navy, Naval Staff quar- 
termaster Division, General Section. The Admiral Landing Craft and Bases 
will be informed from this plan. 

B. Subordination to 1 a) : Naval Command East 

to 1 b),d),e) and f ) : Naval Shore Commander 
to 1 g) up to k) as to military matters 

: Naval Shore Commander 
as to professional matters ref, to special 
order 
to 1 c) : Naval Port Commander 

to 1 1) enclosed to Ilaval Artillery Detachment 
to 2 a) : Admiral Baltic Countries or 

Naval Shore Commander 
Esthonia, 
to 2 b) : enclosed to "Naval Port Com- 

mander. 



-39- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
3 Mar. 19^ 

C. Assembling Area: for 1 a) up to c) 1 e) (Staff only) up 

to f) area of Danzig 

for 1 d), 2a) up to b) referring to 
decision of Naval Command East. 

For forming up Head Quarters referring to 
le) (batteries) and 1 g) up to 1) orders 
will follow by the High Command Navy, fur- 
ther for all Commands directives on per- 
sonnel matters, 

D. Use until decamouflage the declaration of cyphers only for 
the above mentioned Commands, as f.e. "Command 7014" instead of "Naval Shore 
Commander Hogland" . 

E. The Naval Command has to establish and report readiness for 
transport in the assembling area with the highest speed, 

F. Registration of transportation (numbers of men, weights, 
weapons and equipment) to Home Staff Overseas Branch, with copy to the High 
Command Navy Shipping and Transport Branch by Naval Command East, Naval 
Shore Commander, Naval Port Commanders and Communication Units are to place 
into the first wave because of their tasks in landing operation. 

G. The Commander of *+l6th Infantry Division will be respon- 
sible for defense of the island as Fortress Commander Aland- Is lands. Authori- 
zations of the Fortress Commandant towards the Naval Shore Commander will only 
be in questions of fighting for the coast referring to Fuehrer directive ^K). 

H. With reference to keyword, camouflage and keeping the 
secret see as per High Command Navy 1 SKL I oo 675 Gkdos Chefsache from the 
3 March 19^. 

e. In the course of preparations for "Tanne" the Naval 
Command East requests for detaching the Naval Shore Commander to the Naval 
Command East in Kiel as soon as possible. Assembling of Staff is planned in 
Danzig. Besides this, the Naval Command East asks for records of fortifica- 
tions, coastal and antiaircraft defense of the Aland Islands, strength of 
forces and so on, further for completion of the navigational aids of ap- 
proach routes of the ports in question. Also the Laval Command East applies 
for immediate allotment of 12 naval landing craft because the artillery 
ferry barges would be unsuitable for unloading, further allotment of the 2nd 
and 3rd Torpedo/boat Flotilla with at least six boats. Adequate draught 
1 3XL 690/^+4 Gkdos Chefsache see War Diary Part C Volume III. 



-40- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL . 
3 Mar. 19^ 

II. The Commander Submarines Mediterranean receives the directive from the 
Naval Staff, that the reinforcement of the "boats in the eastern Mediterranean 
ordered on the 10 Jan became less urgent, as probably the enemy suspended 
transportation of war materiel to Turkey. 

But the directive concerning the fighting of enemy landing operations in the 
Thyrrenean Sea will remain effective. Therefore no boats are to be trans- 
ferred to the Bast at this time. 



III. The Commander in Chief, Navy, after having heard the lecture of Quar- 
termaster General Submarines decided that construction of shelters east of 
Salonika has been suspended. As provisional precaution the protection of 
the ship installations was ordered to be made with concrete blocks and 
coverings available, which may offer protection for the repair of 12 boats 
type XXIII and unprotectioned repair of six boats. Besides this, gallery- 
driving with three halls for six type VIIc boats respectively XXI was 
ordered. 

For this scheme of construction amount of transportation was estimated to 
three trains per month. As soon as requirements of building materials will 
be covered, the supply for Volos has to begin. 



IV. The Quartermaster Division decided that the last four Italian torpedo- 
boat new constructions 735 - 738 which were not ordered up till now are to be 
built. The motor mine sweepers HD "106," "107" and "108" are to be built 
too. 

The German Naval Command Italy reports that the date of completion of 
these four torpedoboats will be in the beginning of 19^-5 in case that 
building-material will arrive in time. The required material for three 
motor minesweepers is at hand up to 10$ while the remaining 90$ will be 
delivered in two months. 



V. The Armed Forces High Command/Operations Staff Navy informs the Com- 
mander in Chief, Navy via Commander Submarines West on the situation as 
follows: 

"1. Mainland Situation East nothing to report. Situation Italy main 
front, all quiet. A.t present no effective own attack on Nettuno is hard- 
ly to be estimated. Partial operation is still planned in future. All 
must be tried to narrow battle conditions for the enemy. Thereby the 
struggle against the reinforcement of forces and supply as well as the 



-41- CONFIDENTIAL 



wU.C ■ Z. .< . ^-~-^~ 

T War "* Cl~ 
J) • -=ir • J. J r 

gunfire Dr. t v e landing places will arise to decisive importance. Again, 
proposing examination of submarine concentration on this task. As ask- 
ing for order, if changes of present Fuehrer— directive will be desired, 

2, The development of Sea Transport Situation in Norway, esrecially 
the situation on supplies for northern Hbrway in regard to the high losses 
of shin; in the last tine because of ene~ v acti^it* 7 and sea accidents is 
creating serious trouble. Increasing enemy activit7 nay also he expected 
in this a r ea , 

3. The Fuehrer uttered hi? doubts concerning the evidently very weak 
fortification on the mainland side of Brest. An proposing adequate col- 
lection of evidences on this journey. 

~. Today, I heard, that "battle-suited emplacement of new naval- 
batteries south cf the jironde nreviouslv mar only be accomplished in four 
weeks. This date seems to be too late with regard to the enemy planning. 
May the time not be advanced? Up to now Fuehrer counted on the middle of 
March. 

5. Finland' s attitude still 'unsolved. 

Today, the Foreign Tffioe is looking at the situation more positively, but 
the Fuehrer remains sceptical now as ever, as the military officials re- 
signed the decision in far extend to parliament. Therefore most careful 
observation and focusing to all possibilities on behalf of ourselves. 



71, In the 1 March the -"aval Intelligence Tiv, 27aval Staff announced the 
Fnemy P.eport on the situation -To. 5/^« ^opy in War Diary special filing: 
■Heport on enemy situation, ilaval Intelligence Div./Saval Staff." 

In condensation of all former reports, essentially coming from only two 
veil judged sources of the counter intelligence on the development of a 
large reserve of tonnage 3pace created step by step in the area of 3-reat- 
Britain, the following total impression is turning out: 

The laying up of ships begun in autumn l c -<3 *- the fiords of north-western 
Scotland; from here parts were advanced at first to the South during the 
last months under continuous replacement of the original ship assemblies 
while a diminution was also reported since the beginning of Feb. 1 via the 
northern coast of Fa 3 tern Scotland, which is 3aid to have led to a quick 
assembly of essential tonnage space in thia area. Regarding, that the 
total reserve may have the following extent: 

South and Southwest -England ea. 700,000 3 ?.T 

Irish Sea ca. 500,000 B FT 



-~2- DCrFH-STTlAI 



3 Mar. 10^4 



Scottish We9t Coast 
Scottish East Coast 



CONFIDENTIAL 



ca. 350,000 B RT 
ca. 700,000 B RT 



Up to now no verification of this assembly by our own air reconnaissance 
was stated, because these areas in question were not spotted. The trans- 
fers to the Scotish east-coast is pointing to enemy planning against the 
Scandinavian area, but at first adequate strong army formations are missing 
in the Scottish area following an information of the General Staff of the 
Army. The focal point of the enemy invasion army is lying now as ever 
clearly in South and Southwest-England. 

Introduction of shipping space and reduction passing through Gibraltar 
Straits showed nothing surprising except of one returning convoy of ma- 
teriel passing through Gibraltar Straits on the 26 February to USA, which 
consisted of 99 freighters and was extraordinary strong. 

The stock of troop transports in the Mediterranean after being temporary 
reduced was filled up by new introduction of two scheduled troop convoys 
(estimated introduction of 50,000 men) to again 8 - 900,000 BET. The 
next convoy of troons from Great Britain can be expected in the second 
part of the March and from the USA for the end of April to the beginning 
of May. The special service tonnage space being in action in the beach- 
head of 7, 7ettuno will at present be estimated up to 30 LST and 50 LCT, thu3 
being half of the original effort. There is no clear meaning of the re- 
maining special landing craft's distribution and places in the Mediter- 
ranean. 

Concerning Merchant Warfare: 

A. Hew Construction: 

1. Generalities : 

No new knowledge in ship constructions of Great Britain and 
Canada were submitted. Admiral Land Head of the Bureau of Ships (USMC) 
declared, that as to the American point of view one is unsatisfied on 
behalf of the production of new constructions in the month of January. 
The total sum of launches for all types of ships (small vessels also) 
amounted to 12^ ships in January in contrary to 208 vessels in December. 
In February ostensibly 1^1 ships of all types had been launched. 

Probably the commissioning of the new "VICT0RY"-ship is ex- 
pected in March. In January, it is said that 23 special types of ships 
for military purposes have been delivered within the bounds of the mer- 
chantmen building program. It is not known, if these were large landing 
craft, troop transports, auxiliary aircraft-carrier or large tankers, 
equipped with a flying deck. 



-43- 



C0NFIDEETIAL 



COMFIDENTIAL 
3 Mar. 1944 

2. Monthly deliveries. 

In regard to the remarkable set back in the production of USA 
new construction the total enemy deliveries of large merchantmen in the 
month of February may be estimated to 0.9 millions of BRT. 



Following an examination, the following enemy tonnage or tonnage 
running in charter for the enemy was lost in February: 142000 BRT (with- 
out Baltic Sea, Black Sea and Caspian Sea). Hereof f 10$ are running on 
the part of the Italian Theater respectively the Mediterranean. Since 
the 1 January 1944 104 ships with 527,000 BRT were damaged. The total 
losses since the beginning of the war come to 30.6 millions BRT (without 
Baltic Sea, Black Sea and Caspian Sea), the total of new constructions 
to 26 millions BRT. 

C. Stock 

The total stock of shipstonnage beyond 1000 BRT being at disposal 
for the enemy powers is supposed to be about 39»7 millions BRT on 1 March 
1944. 

After reduction of the tonnage being busy in coastal shipping and in re- 
pair, there will remain approximately 33«7 millions BRT for military and 
civil supply purposes. There off the operational freight space amounts 
to 23.6 millions BRT. 

D. Operational Tonnage. 

The former requirement of tonnage space for military and civil 
demands in the supply shipping was judged to be approximately 17 millions 
BRT in the beginning of 1944. Under present conditions there must be sup- 
posed that especially the requirement for military purposes of supplies 
has been increased and the total requirement amounts at present to aprox- 
imately 18 millions BRT. 

The raising number is created by 

1. increased shipping in the traffic with Great Britain/Murmansk/ 
Archangelsk; 

2. increased requirements on supplies for new USA-troop contin- 
gents in Great Britain and Northern Ireland; 

3. increased fighting activity of the USA-troops in the south- 
western Pacific (a judgment of this theater may be particularly diffi- 
cult because of the lack of any insight into matters.) 



CONFIDEM'IAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
3 Mar. 19^ 

At present, the free freight tonnage for new military operations amounts 
therefore to about 5»5 millions BRT, off which according to inconfirmed 
reports one part may "be found in Great Britain, as fleet "being in reserve 
and on the east coast of USA. 



Situation 3 March 19^: 

I. War in Foreign Waters, 
Nothing to report. 



II, Situation Vest Area: 

1« Enemy Situation: 

Owing to disturbed communications no reports were submitted from 
the air operations of the 15th and 19th Group, Eight locations were 
reported in the rendezvous area. 

At 15^-7 air reconnaissance reported one LST south of Plymouth, heading east. 



2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

One mine was swept off La Pallice. Two submarines were escorted in going 
out and one submarine was escorted entering. 

The convoy BROMBERG was postponed to a period of dark nights. 



Channel Area: 

During the night of 2 March the torpedo operation of the 5th and 9th PT- 
boat Flotilla in Lyme /Bay did not succeed. On their way back the boats 
wore attacked by two planes without effect. Preliminary report see Radio- 
gram 0808. Brief report see Radiogram 1^15. 

Proceeding from Boulogne to Dunkerque, five boats of the 18th Patrol/boat 
Flotilla were attacked by two enemy fighter bombers north of Calais. 



-45- COKFIDEWriAL 



COiyFIDSIglAL 
3 Mar. 1944 

Without yielding any results, the attach was frustrated "by defensive fire. 

""he Group v est t>ut up its attitude to the battle report cf the 4th Torpedo 

"boat Flotilla (see War Diary 2 March). It agrees with the opinion of the 
Flotilla referring to the special suitability of the torpedo "boats 35 - 37 
in similar situations for torpedo operations, but is pointing cut, that the 
convoy escort really may he suitable in cooperation with torpedo "boats 
equipped with strong artillery, so that the torpedo heats 35 - 3? say he 
appreciated as additional group of torpedo carriers* The suggestion of the 
Group was made with the reason to prevent that in event cf presumable new 
detaching of more torpedo/boats 35 - 3 7 for the West Area an exchange with 
boats of the "WOLF" - "MOZVS" class, the torpedo/boats 39 or even destroyers 
may he done. Copy of this assessment see Radiogram 1940, 



Si>ecial Items: 

1. The Group West transmits a judgment of the Commanding C-eneral Armed 
Forces West in reference to the directive of the Commander in Chief, Kavy, 
referring to the inclusion of task, - instruction, - training units and 
schools of the occupied areas into the Naval Emergency units, (see War 
Diary 29 February) which was conveyed to the Armed Forces High Command, 
In event of battle the Commanding C-eneral Armed Forces West has the opin- 
ion that, when threatening danger may appear and the decisive fighting for 
the coast may begin, the last man has to fight for the task which seemes 
to be necessary to the Commanding C-eneral Armed Forces, West. As to this 
moment, the decision of war is at stake, it should be no doubt upon the 
fact, that all other things are depending on this decision. If therefore 
other arguments are playing any part in this moment, belongs to the de- 
cision of the Armed Forces High Command. Any substitute of these naval 
forces cannot be raised by the Commanding C-eneral Armed Forces West. 
Copy cf the telegram as per 1 SZ1 6714/44 Gkdos in War Diary Part C 
Volume lib. 



2. From the monthly report of the Group West on escort-duties in 
February 1944: 

Including the traffic to the Channel- Islands 176 vessels with 122500 
BUT were escorted in Channel. In nine airraids two planes were shot down. 
In four attacks of naval forces one PT-boat is suspected to be sunk, three 
were damaged, 19 mines were swept. 1^ men were killed in action and 54 
were wounded. 

In the Guli of Biscay 196 vessels with 147,000 BHT were escorted. 50,200 
tons of ore were imnorted from Sx>ain. 



-46- COSFIDZIJEIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
3 Mar. 19^4- 

In 11 air raida one plane was shot down. kQ mines were swept, 30 sub- 
marines entering and 50 submarines outgoing were escorted. 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern V'atera. 

North Seat 

At forenoon strong enemy squadrons penetrated into the Heligoland Bight. 
Ten or fifteen high explosives were dropped on the shipyard of Wilhelms- 
haven, inflicting only slight damage; 2k bombs were dropped on Heligoland. 
Numerous bombs were thrown into the water in emergency salvo release 
around Heligoland. More bombing was reported from the area of Wilh elms- 
haven and Cuxhaven. Naval antiaircraft artillery shot down five planes. 

Owing to stormy weather conditions escort, minesweeping and patrol duties 
were suspended. 

In the Zealand Waters five convoys with 5**, 196 BRT were executed. 



Special Items 

From the monthly report of the Commanding Admiral Defenses North in 
February 19^4: 

1008 ships with 1290 130 BRT were escorted, thereof in Rotterdam-traffic 
62 ships with 1^0,705 BRT, in Sms-Esbjerg convoys 173 ships with 3^7,303 

BRT. 

The losses amounted to: one Dutch steamer of 1402 BRT run aground, one 
German buoy-laying ship and one Danish fishing smack due to mine-hit; 
furthermore as to warships minesweeper M '^^ll" and patrol boat VP "1309" by 
collision, one motor minesweeper and one rescue launch of the Air Force by 
enemy air activity. 

The Navy lost ten men killed in action and eight men missing, the mer- 
chant marine suffered ten men missing. 

In Ik enemy air raids three planes were shot down, during two PT-boats 
engagements three PT-boats were sunk. In total 124 ground mines were 
swept • 



-47- CONFIDENTIAL 



costissntial 

3 Mar. 19^+ 

Norway, Northern Waters; 

1, Enegy Situation; 

At the 18th Group seven planes were detected over the Central North Sea, 
On the 2 March our own air reconnaissance sighted 13 costly smaller vessels 
in the harbor of Yo -conga. 



2. Own Situation: 

At 1002, one ea3tbound convoy was attacked "by 17 enemy fighter and torpedo 
planes, southwest of Vardoe without effect. The 61 st Patrol"boat Flotilla 
reports of two planes shot down by escort forces. Battle brief report see 
radiogram 2315. The Air Force succeeded in shooting down three planes by 
own fighters. At 09^0 the troop transport LEVANTS north-bound sailing in 
convoy was attacked by enemy submarine with four torpedoes off Bodoe yield- 
ing no result. Submarine hunt is launched, shipping is stopped. Towards 
noon the towed steamer BULE3EZIMZR came in distress owing to breaking haw- 
ser off 3essacker. Rescue work is started. 

Thirty-one northbound and 30 southbound ships were escorted. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 

1. Enemy Situation: 

Radio monitoring located nine vessels at sea in the C-ulf of Finland on the 
2 March. 



2. Own Situation : 

Twenty-one boats in the Baltic Sea Entrances and four minesweeplng planes 
and in the remaining Baltic Sea 18 boat3 were engaged in ainesweeping. 
Operations of the 3rd Escort Flotilla were abandoned, due to bad weather 
conditions. Cne SLM/A mine was swept off Aarhus. According to report of 
the Naval Attache* Stockholm, the Swedish steamer SYANEN struck a mine at 
0045 five miles south of Cape Zullen. 

Convoy shipping went on as planned without particular events. The mine- 
layers LIIS and 3RUMMZR are transfering from Ziel to Copenhagen. 



-48- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
3 Mar. 19^4 

The hoats B "6,'* "35 M and WF - 119" arrived at Neufahrwasser and proceeded 
to the Bast at 1800. The AF "30, " "31," "32," "36" and "50" are lying in 
Libau, AP "29 n and "35" in Memel, AF "37" in Stettin. AF "2," "5," "9" 
and "49" in Kiel. 

The 1st Minesweeping Flotilla and three "boats of the 25th Minesweeping 
Flotilla did minesweeping north Jnminda. 



Situation on the Mainland . 

In the section of Hungerburg the battery Merekuela shelled target areas 
on the eastern banks of Narva River opposite Hungerburg with harassing 
fire. 



Y. Submarine Warfare . 

1. Bnemv Situation: 

At 1755 Colombo transmits SSS-Report of a British steamer, which was 
torpedoed in LC 9919* Cleethorpes repeated the SSS-report of an unknown 
ISA steamer, which reported to have sighted a submarine in BB 8690 at 
1300. 



Own Situation: 

Submarine U "621" will operate off North-Minch. This area was not occu- 
pied since two years, therefore surprising effect may be reached. Further- 
more no particular reports are submitted. 



yi. Aerial Warfare. 

West Area. 

During the day there were busy penetrations into the occupied sones, 
especially into Belgium/Northern France. About 700 bombers were reported 
to have penetrated with strong fighter escort into the area of Paris and 
attached airfields. Partially essential damage was inflicted. During 
the night of 2 March the BMW-plants and the works of Les Mureaux situated 
south of Paris were seriously damaged. 



-49- CONFIDBOTIAL 



CGBFIDEHTIAL 
3 Mar. 19^ 

During the night of 3 March airfields were attacked in Northern France and 
Belgium and minelaying was suspected to he carried out off the western 
coast. In the area of Orleans Lyon 80 planes were observed, which probably 
might have dropped agents. 

No particular operations during the night. 



Reich Territory: 

In forenoon strong fighter formations flew in extended formation over the 
West-Frisian Islands and Hook van Holland - Braunschweig into the area of 
Stendal-Brandenburg-Magdeburg. Isolated planes even advanced to Berlin. 
latere n rallying formations currently penetrated into the area of the 
Zuider Zea. At 1150 Wilhelmshaven was raided, where three waves of homos 
were dropped on screen targets, of which one dropped into the water, an- 
other dropped in the outskirts of town and one hit the town itself. 
Owing to had weather conditions the attack was not carried out as planned. 
Two hundred and thirty two of our own fighters operated in defense. 
Results so far not reported. More enemy formations penetrated into 
Western Germany. No raids were reported. During the night of 3 March 
ten Mosquito planes advanced into the area of Berlin. Another ten planes 
dropped "bombs in the Rhenian-Westfalian industrial district. 



Mediterranean Theater: 

In the front area, on the 2 March, the enemy concentrated all forces which 
were available in the battle field of the beachhead on attacks against our 
own artillery and antiaircraft artillery emplacements in the area of Lit- 
torio. Altogether about 1200 enemy planes were detected. Antiaircraft 
artillery shot down four planes. For the rest isolated fight erbomber 
attacks were carried out in the Italian area and on the Dalmatian and Alban- 
ian coast. The enemy reconnaissance activity over the Aegean was very 
weak. On the evening of the 2 March some of our own bombers probably sunk 
one destroyer and a steamer in the harbor of Anzio. During another opera- 
tion carried out by 60 bombers, one destroyer was damaged. In the main, 
ground targets were attacked. Three Ju 88 were lost. At 0800 our own 
reconnaissance located a large-scale convoy consisting of 80 steamers in 
the Bight of Oran steering east and a smaller convoy north of Tobruk on 
south-eastern course. 



-50- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
3 Mar. 19^4 

Eastern Area: 

On the eastern front 824 of our own and 433 enemy missions were counted 
during the 2 March* Seven of our own and 24 enemy planes were lost. 

On the 2 March two ferries were sunk in the Kerch-Straits. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. 

1. Area of the Naval Group West: 

Enemy Situation: 

Except the cruiser of the "CAIRO" -class another DELHI-class cruiser left 
Gibraltar eaatbound on the 2 March. The leaving of the auxiliary aircraft 
carrier from the harbor was reported. 

For a new time, Tres Forcas reported the UGS 33* Our own air reconnais- 
sance reported on four cargo and passenger steamers, eight freighters 
about 50 landing craft and sloops as well as one destroyer, probably 
EFERVIER in Mers el Xebir, in Oran one cruiser, two submarines, one trans- 
port, 28 freighters and two tankers; in Arzeu eight freighters, one pas- 
senger steamer and one destroyer. 



Own Situation: 

In Toulon and St. Tropez both, one auxiliary submarine chasing division 
consisting of five harbor defense boats each was established, which are 
subordinated to the 6th Escorting Flotilla* 

Three vessels with 900 BRT were escorted by eight escort-vessels off the 
French South-coast. 

In February altogether 36 vessels with 79»000 BRT were escorted off the 
French south-coast. Without escort seven Red-Cross steamers entered and 
six left Marseille. Besides this, another 36 steamers entered and left 
Marseille. In two air raids, four planes were 3hot down and six sub- 
marine attacks were reported on convoys. Six of our own Submarines go- 
ing out and ten entering were escorted. Our own escorting forces 
sustained the loss of ten men who were killed in action and 42 wounded. 



2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy: 

-51- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
3 Mar. 19^ 

Enemy Situation? 

During the night of 2 March our own planes detected only destroyer 
patrols off the beachhead of Nettunia, hut no freighter transports. On 
the afternoon of the 2 March no shipping has "been observed in Salerno- 
Bay and in the Gulf of Gaeta. Air reconnaissance on the morning of the 
3 March did not sight anything on the eastern coast of Sardinia and Cor- 
sica and in the northern Thyrrenian Sea. The air reconnaissance was not 
complete. 

At 0915 on the 3 March two landing boats were sailing ten miles south of 
Nettunia with ME-course and at 1200 one cruiser was sailing one mile WSW 
of Anzio. North of Ponza one destroyer and two patrol boats were sighted. 

Forenoon reconnaissance on the 2 March recognized one torpedo boat on the 
Italian east-coast 70 miles east of Cape Gargano and 29 sailing ships off 
Ortona. Following Intelligence report, one higher ranking USA-officer, 
who has been in London, said that from the concentration of British and 
American troops in Bastia and other towns of Corsica the, fact may be 
drawn that in the middle of March a landing operation on Elba and on the 
mainland between Civetavecchia and Piombino may be carried through. But 
the Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff forwarded this report only under 
reservation and remarks that, according to statement of the General Staff 
of the Army there ought to be only two French divisions on Corsica. 



3. Area of the Naval Group South. 
a. Adriatic: 



^ 



Own Situation: 

The operation of PT-boats off the beachhead during the night of 2 March 
yielded no effect. Two harbor defense boats carried out the minelaying 
operation "Loewenrachen" east of Benedetto as planned. ^ 

During a serious air raid on Stefano on the evening of the 2 March the 
approach roads to the harbor were damaged. Heavy antiaircraft artillery 
has arrived and was put into operation. On the afternoon of the 3 March 
Anzio was raided in low level attack. The steamer BOTIGLIEHE caught fire. 

In February a total of 26,244 tons was carried on the Vest coast and of 
8062 tons on the east coast. 

On the 4 March the Commander Submarines Mediterranean set out for six 

or seven days journey to Genoa, Spezia and Pola for inspections of bases. 



-52- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
3 Mar. 19^ 

On the 2 March five Spitfire attacked Tinad and inflicted only slight 
damage. In Zara the steamer LAGOS TA (180 BRT) sunk after "being hit by 
bom"b8. 

According to the preliminary deficiency of the transfer of steamers from 
the Adriatic to the Aegean, the Group South issued a directive to the 
Admiral Adriatic, saying that war-readiness of damaged torpedo-boats, 
motor mine sweepers and submarine chasers has to "be restored quickly, as 
well as to complete the equipment and armament and to make ready more 
ships for war. Furthermore the training of all vessels is to "be carried 
out under the direct influence of the Admiral Adriatic, In connection 
to the operation "Freischuetz" corvettes and motor mine sweepers are to 
he transferred to the Aegean, As to the PT-boat3 the directive of the 
20 February is maintained, whereafter the Group places the Commander 
1st PT-boat Division with all his boats under the command of Admiral Ae- 
gean or let him stay in the Adriatic referring to the concentration 
which may be located in each case, so far as the number of boats ready 
for war does not allow distribution to both the areas. 



b. Aegean, 

On the evening of the 2 March planes in low-level flight were observed 
over Milos, probably for minelaying. The Commander 9th Torpedo-boats 
Flotilla reports PT-boat attack off Rhodos in the evening. Further news 
are not yet reported. On the evening of the 2 March the tanker BERTA 
left Porto Lago under protection of two TA-boats in order to sail through 
Samos-Strait8 to the Dardanelles. 



c. Black Sea. 

Enemy Situation: 

At I63O one submerged submarine was sighted and attacked 12 miles SSE of 
Eupatoria by one of our own planes. Submarine hunt was started and will 
be continued by a submarine chasing group. 



Own Situation: 



In forenoon, Iwanbaba was attacked by 16 enemy planes. Damage was inflic- 
ted on PT-boat S "51" and "40." 



-53- CONFIDENTIAL 



3 Mar. 19^ 

The escort-vessel which were stranded near Kilia was salvaged and 
entered. The net-tender ANTIL0P3 was towed off at St .George. Tor the 

rest no particular events. 



VIII. Situation Eastern Asia. 

Malakka-Straits. 

Following a Peuter information a British submarine has torpedoed a 
Japanese aircraft carrier of about 7000 tons with two torpedoes in 
Malakka Straits, which was escorted by 5 submarine chasers. Another 
submarine scored a torpedo-hit on a supply ship. 

Marshall- Islands. 

On the 28 February Wake and Nauru were attacked by planes. 

******************** 

k Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Importance. 

Nothing to report. 



Conference on the situations with the Chief of Staff of Naval Staff. 

I. The Chief of Staff of Naval Staff describes it as very unsatisfactory, 
that at 0550 today the Qu ? convoy could appear surprisingly in the sub- 
marines position in AC ^80 and orders examination if respectively why 
air reconnaissance was not carried out in eastern direction from where the 
3u ? was to be expected. Evidently the 5th Air Force reconnoitred for 
P Cu to the west. It will be necessary to ascertain if the Admiral Nor- 
thern Waters made contact with the Headquarters of the Air Force. It 
would be quite impossible, that the enemy is passing close to the own 
coast. 

The Chief qf Staff of Faval Staff i"s planning to confer with the Chief 
of the General Staff of the Air -Force and investigate, if not air torpedo 
formations could be transferred to the northern area in order to fight 
the P Qa - convoys. 



-5 1 *- CNF DSSTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
4 Mar. 19^ 

II. According to report of the Quartermaster Division the heavy cruiser 
HIPPER will not he used for training of cadets in the time from 1 May - 1 
November. Commissioning of the cruiser was planned on the 18 April and 
shipyards trial run for the 20 May. The Chief of Staff of Naval Staff 
wants commissioning as fighting ship. The best possible, war readiness 
should be established from the date of 18 April. 

III. Re-port of the Chief of Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff. 

The Russians created two new badges for the Navy, which have been named 
after Zarian officers. 

The affair Intelligence Service/SS has not been settled. 

The Chief of Staff of Naval Staff orders joint working by the Organization 
and Mobilization Branch and the Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff. 

In a highly restricted circle 

IV. Further report of the Chief of Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff on 
the Finnish situation. 

Following the utterance of the Finnish Secretary of State, the Reichstag 
approved the attempt to be made by the Government for attaining more favor- 
able conditions in Moscow. According to information of the Finnish Liaison 
Officer the present conditions are not to discuss referring to the opinion 
of the Finnish Armed Forces. The inner danger, however, still has not been 
released. Evidently by order of Mannerheim, the colonel newly insisted 
upon the proposal, that Germany may announce a declaration of independence 
for the Baltic Countries. 

The Chief of Staff of Naval Staff orders information of the Armed Forces 
High Command/Operations Staff Navy. 

V. The Chief of Staff of Naval Staff agrees with the desire of the Army 
for disposition of 500 tons of high explosive on behalf of the Kavy, 
which at present may be possible to fulfill. 

VI. Report of the Chief of Operations Branch. Operations Division/Naval 
Staff. 

The Commander Submarines Mediterranean applied for transfer of the main 
concentration of Submarines operations from the area off the beachhead to 
the supply routes for Naples and Sicily Straits, where big targets are 
offered which do not sail to Nettuno. In contrary to that, the Command- 
ing General, Armed Forces, South-West declared his desire in not changing 
the present position, all the more since a Radio location post will be 
established near Cape Circeo, which is able to support the work of the 
Submarines in the landing area. 



-55- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIA L 
4 Mar. 1944 

The opinion of the Naval Staff is, that some boats must "be held in the area 
of Naples /Net tunc 

The Armed Forces High Command/ Operations Staff, Navy reported with date of 
the 3 March, that for the first time a thorough success of the Army opera- 
tion in the landing area will not "be expected no more. Therefore, it 
would "be very important to fight the supply of the enemy to the beachhead. 

The Armed Forces High Command/Operations Staff and the Commander in Chief, 
Navy will be informed on the situation of Submarine Warfare in the Mediter- 
ranean on the 1 March as follows: 

1. 18 boats in the Mediterranean 

2. There off four in the eastern Mediterranean, at present one each in 
the area of Cypros, on the coast of Cyrenaica and between the Straits of 
Otranto and the South point of Sicily. In short time the 4th boat will be 
ready to leave from Salamis. 

3. In the Western Mediterranean there are four boats in the area of 
Net tuno -Naples. Further boats will be ready for war on 4, 5» 13 i l^t 15 » 
18, 21, 22, and 30 March. It is planned to operate with five boats at 
times between Naples and Net tuno; the remaining ones on the North-African 
coast. 

4. Additional transfer of boats from the eastern to the West Area is 
unbearable for shipyards. Besides this, proceeding through Sicily Straits 
means the same risk as breaching the Straits of Gibraltar. 

The final conclusion of the Commander in Chief Navy will be waited 
for. 



Special Items 

I. Operation "Tanne" 

1. With regard of the directive from the Armed Forces High Command 
referring to the preparation of the occupation of Hochland Island (see 
War Diary 1 March) the uncleared fact appeared whether the 400 coastal 
gunners provided under cypher 4 may be detailed by the Army or Navy. On 
inquiry, the Armed Forces High Command/Operations Staff, Navy answers, 
that the assembling of forces should be left to the General Staff of the 
Army in direct coordination with the Commander in Chief, Navy and the 
Commander in Chief, Air Force. For the next, it was not planned to think 
of occupation forces of the lavy. The Navy representative on the WFst 
expressed to the op. that the Navy has no forces available and asked for 
making direct contact with the General Staff of the Army. 



-56- CONFIDENTIAL 



e 



COHFIDBJTIAL 
4 Mar. 19^ 

Thereupon, the Naval Staff asks for confirmation by the General Staff of 
the Army, that the occupation forces for Hochland were not to be detailed 
by the Navy., but the 4-00 coastal gunners were to be disposed by x>ersonnel 
of the army, as the Navy has no forces available. 

2. The Commanding General, Armed Forces, Norway reports that the forces 
which should be detached referring to the directive will be held in readi- 
ness in such a manner, that they will start from Oslo eight days after 
issuing the keyword "Tanne," Details in Copy see Radiogram as per to 
1. SXL 688/44- GKdos in War Diary Part C Volume III. 

3» The Naval Command East and North, Commanding Admiral Defences West 
and Commanding Admiral Defences East, Group North/Fleet receive the direc- 
tive, that the beginning of the routine shipyard repair of the 21st Mine- 
sweeping Flotilla will be carried out as planned in the middle of March 
without any replacement of boats therefore falling out by Commanding 
Admiral Defences East and Commanding Admiral Defenses West, 

II • The Armed Forces High Command /Operations Staff transmits: 

The Fuehrer has ordered: 

1. In the area of the Commanding General, Armed Forces West the 
following Islands are forthwith declared as fortresses: the Channel 
Islands Guernsey, Jersey, Alderney. 

2. The authorization of the fortress commander, the strength of 
the troops and the supply of the fortresses will be regulated according 
to the order OKW/WFST/Op No. 00606/44 GXdos from 19 January 19^4, - 

3. The following were appointed fortress commander: 

Fortress Guernsey - Major General Graf von Schmettow. - Fortress 
Jersey - Colonel Heine. Fortress Alderney - Major Schwalm. 

The Group West has been informed immediately by the Commanding 
General, Armed Forces, West. 

III. The Armed Forces High Command /Operations Staff Navy informs the Com- 
mander in Chief, Navy via Naval Group West of the situation as follows: 

1. Situation on the Mainland: 

Heavy enemy attack southeast of Vitebsk. Up to now repulsed until local 
penetrations. Particular point of pressure Narva - Front. Here strong 
Russian attacks must be suffered. New fc 'ces are coming. Further accentua- 
tion of situation possible. 



-57- CONFIDENTIAL 



SCmgDEHTIAl 

k Bar. 19^ 

2. Nettuno: 

The Fuehrer desires to empty all the possibilities for fighting 
the enemy and for weakening his positions in the beachhead. Question: 
Is the Navy able to help in anyway. The question of operation with long 
ranging naval batteries was negatively answered by myself up to this date, 
as this only may be possible by withdrawal from other important places. 
But nevertheless I propose relavent examination. Then I propose immediate 
examination of 

a. possibility of action with remote controlled boats in coopera- 
tion with the regiment "Brandenburg 1 ' in purpose of actions against the 
ships in the landing areas; 

b. possibility of operation with the group "Eeye - Frauenheim." 

3. Anew doubts of the Fuehrer referring to the defense of Brittan 
and Cherbourg-peninsula, where Fuehrer sees particular incitement for 
development of bridgehead and ordered checking for reinforcements of forces. 

4. Referring to 1 SZl/l u 649/^ CZdos Most Secret Chefsache from 

k March the Submarine situation was reported to the Fuehrer. No objections. 

5. Some days ago, the Fuehrer uttered (not in connection with the Navy) 
he wanted, that in event of enemy landing operation each soldier and each 
man able for fighting in the occupied area has to be rut into action with 
his weapon in hand for defense of enemy landing operations and protection 
regardless to other tasks and requirements of situation, as this defense 
will be decisive for war. Fuehrer not yet informed of the far carrying 
effect of the decision there made, referring to denial of creation of 
Naval emergency units by Operational- Instruction and Training Units, In 
regard to the objection of the Commanding Seneral, Armed Forces "est and 
the strong reaction to the achievement of protection will previously make 
necessary a newly information in the next days. 

I for myself believe, that in time of need resorting to naval formations 
ashore can not be avoided. 




At first the Chief of Operations Div. /Naval Staff and Commander in Chief, 
Navy have been informed via Sroup West with the contents of the telegram. 
Subject to judgment. 



CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
k Mar. 19^ 

V. The Quartermaster Division informed the Commander Submarines Mediter- 
ranean, that the erection of Submarine pens in Marseille meets difficulties. 
The planned construction of the dry dock in Toulon is difficult and on be- 
half the room not sufficient. In addition to that comes the lack of 
material and high amount of transportation. The High Command, Navy and the 
Organization Todt therefore is planning to check the possibility of tunnel 
construction instead of high pen construction in the Western Mediterranean. 
Possibility may he offered, as far as can be recognized, in the area between 
Nizza and Genoa. 

The Operations Div. Naval Staff has no fundamental objections to transfer 
protected Submarine installations in this area. The investigation will be 
made "by the High Command, Naval Shore Construction Division in close coordi- 
nation with Commander Submarines Mediterranean. Further planning depends 
on the result of these checkings. 

71. On the 28 February the change of colors on the MARCO POLO II took 
place. The ceremony was accomplished in presence of the Vice-Admiral Abe 
and the Commanding Admiral Submarines in festival manner. 

The naval Attache" Group reports of the clear distinction, that the Japaneses 
from Admiral to the youngest sailor were honestly thankful for the training 
and personal taking care of them. The naval Attache Group has the opinion 
that the whole accomplishment of the "MARCO POLO II" program was handled "by 
all official establishments of the Navy in such a manner that they left the 
best impression. 

711 I. Summary of the enemy news, detected by radio decyphering and radio- 
monitoring in the time from 21 - 27 February are in the "brief - report No. 
9M. 

The report does not contain any particulars. 



Situation 4 March 19^44. 

I. Warfare in Foreign Waters. 
Nothing to report. 



II . Situation ; ^est Area, 
"Enemy Situation: 



-59- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
k Mar. 19^ 

At the 15th Group were nine, at the 19th Group were J° planes and in 
the Azores Squadrons one plane was located in action. Two British 
vessels were located in the rendez-vous area. 

■following an Intelligence report the stock of shipping space reserve 
lying in West Scotland and in the Irish Sea was numbered on the 1 March 
with 500,000 BIT each. In southern and southwestern ports of Great 
Britain increasing number of tonnage is estimated from 700,000 BUT to 
about 900,000 BRT, in the eastern Scottis h ports increasing number also 
from 700,000 BET to nowadays 8^,000 BRT. There may "be added the Shet- 
lands with 170,000 BRT and Scapa with 200,000 BRT. In Scapa obviously 
are lying eight auxiliary aircraft carriers. 

The Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff thinks this report with its 
desultory raising of detected shipping space to "be a highly overcoloured 
view "but "believes, that the tendency of further transfer of shipping 
space to eastern Scotland may he right. 

The presence of eight auxiliary aircraft carriers in the area of 
Scapa was deemed to he impossible. 

The Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff asks for urgent reconnaissance 
of the Scottish east coast as well as the Orkneys and Shetlands, 

The Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff informed the Groups, the Naval 
Commands, the German Naval Command Italy, further more the Headquarters 
of Services coming in question. Copy of the adequate draughts as per 
l.SKL 68^6/^4- GeKados in War Diary Part D Volume Material on the enemy 
situation. 

Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast. 

Owing to suspected minelaying and in regard to enemy air activity 
during the night of 3 March the Gironde up to Pauillac and Brest 
roads was closed. One entering Submarine was escorted, 

Channel Area, 

Owing to rough sea, ninesweeping was broken off. Two patrol positions 
remained occupied. 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters. 
North Sea: 

On the afternoon of the 3 March anothe. enemy plane was shot down by 
the Naval anti-aircraft artillery Emden 8 

-60- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
4 Mar. 1944 

In the Zuider Sea and in the Zealand Waters three convoys with about 
27000 BRT were carried out. 

The convoy 485 Elbe-Hook with seven steamers was started at 2000. 

Norway. Northern Waters. 

Enemy Situation: 

Nine planes were detected being in action over the North Sea. 

According to Radio Monitoring a Russian reconnaissance plane reported 
one of our own convoys in Breisund at 1505* 

According to information of the Air Commander Atlantic Coast on evening 
3 March the Qu P convoy left Kola Bay at this day regarding to air 
reconnaissance and statements of prisoners. 

At 0550 the first Submarine report of sighting in AC 4680 was made. 
One destroyer, one carrier-borne aircraft and smoke was sighted. One 
destroyer has been sunk. 

Following photograph spotting on the 3 March there were lying in 
Polennoye-harbor: one destroyer, six submarines and four small war 
vessels; in Murmansk: three destroyers, 39 steamers and one tanker. 
Ten standard freighters carried in total 37 small landing craft on 
deck. If this may be right, it would be the first statement of landing 
craft in this area. 

Our own air reconnaissance detected the convoy at 0745 in AC 4633 
with course 270° and ten miles speed. 

Composition: one aircraft carrier, about 35 merchantmen, 20 escorting 
vessels with cruisers. Contact was made until 1632. 

Own Situation: 

During noontime nine enemy planes were* reported in the area of Petsamo, 
and in the afternoon one plane was reported off Banak. One good pre- 
served Russian submarine mine was cut east of Kirkenes. At 1548 sub- 
marine alarm was reported east of Vardoe. Submarine hunt was without 
effect. In the course of the day 39 enemy aircraft were recognized in 
the area of Vardoe. 

The steamer "RIOA" (645 BRT) run aground off Kjelmoey. 

39 northbound and 20 southbound ships have been escorted. 

-61- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
4 Mar. 1944 

Submarine U "472," which at first reported the Qu-P convoy at 0555, 
reported to be attacked by shore-borne aircraft at 0647 and then as 
war distress report the sinking of the boat* 

Checking, in which sea rescue aircraft also took part remained in- 
effective and was interrupted at 2000. 

The Qu P convoy, which was detected in the northern part of the Sub- 
marine position, could not be fighted because the Submarines were 
held submerged and three boats shared in the rescue-work for Submarine 
U M 472." Owing to the situation of defense the Submarines received 
order to withdraw during the day and to advance for night attack. 
Contact with our own Air Force got lost at l6j2. Making contact again 
with forces of the Air Commander Lofoten was impossible, owing to bad 
weather conditions. At 1800 the convoys' dead reckoning was worked 
out to prove right in AC 4437. Thirteen Submarines are now in opera- f 

tion after the loss of Submarine U "472, H thereof six boats are sailing 
close to the enemy on the evening of the 4 March. Up to now one 
destroyer has been sunk and another is suspected to be. 

Three boats leaving Hammerfest were attacked by torpedo-planes without 
effect. These boats are forming the Group Orkan. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea. 

Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 

Icing Situation: 

In general, no essential increasing of ice in the Gulf of Finland is 
estimated, but with slightly raising frost and light winds packing to- 
gether of floe ice into ice shelf may be probable in the northern and 
eastern Waters of the Gulf of Finland. More see Eadiogram 0950. 

Own Situation: 

Twenty-seven vessels and three mine sweeping planes in the Baltic-Sea 
Entrances and twenty five vessels and six minesweeping planes were 
engaged in minesweeping in the remaining Baltic. Off Cape Kullen the 
steamer DESDEM0NA (1305 BET) struck a mine and sunk. Between Scale i- 
muende and Bokniseck mine detonation was observed. Off Neufahrwasser 
patrol boat VS H 233 n struck a mine and got totally lost. 

In the Drodgen the steamer 0LGA TRADES and the tanker NORDANBBIS run 
aground. Escort duties in the Baltic-S_>a Entrances were partially 

-62- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
4 Mar, 1944 

delayed owing to foggy weather, LUEDERITZ entered Horten with six 
PT-hoats. The net tenders "19" and "20" left Kiel with four "boats 
hound for Baltish Port, West of Windau the steamer WESERWALD was 
attacked hy torpedo-plane. The transfer of ferry barges to the East 
is making slight progress. Details see situation of the day. 

In the situation on the mainland enemy attack in strength of "battalion 
against the northern banks of Lake Peipus near Smolniza and strong 
enemy attack northwest of Putki was reported. The penetration could 
be blocked in southern direction. At the southwest and south edge of 
Lauka-swamp a switch line is being constructed. 

The out-post position of the 18 Army is situated ahout eleven km east 
and north of PSKOV, From the Hungerburg-3ection gunfire hy hoth 
sides was reported. 



V. Merchant Shipping. 

The Naval Intelligence Div,/Naval Staff reports on the Swedish ship- 
yards and new construction of merchantmen as well as on reconstruc- 
tion of the Spanish merchant marine. Summary "Foreign Merchant 
Shipping" No, 2/44, which equally contains the index of FH - reports 
issued since the 28 Fehruary 1942 is to find in War Diary Part C 
Volume XI as per 1 SKL 6848/44 Geheim. 



VI, Submarine Warfare , 

Enemy Situation: 

Konavara transmitted suhmarine warning of the Sea Commander New Guinea 
in grid square TC 2023, 

Own Situation! 

From the Atlantic no particular reports were submitted. 

The Japanese suhmarine KIEFER is going to enter on the 10 March as 
reported. 



VII, Aerial Warfare . 
West Area; 



-63- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
k Mar, 19^ 

In the occupied West Area "busy flying activity coming from the North 
with fighter escort was reported, two enemy fighters approaching from 
the South into the area of Marseille were shot down "by our own fighters, 
then doing exercises. 

During the night of 4 March 40 enemy planes did minelaying in the 
harbor and roads of Brest* 

Another numerous planes were observed in the area of St* Hazaire, 
Bordeaux, Dijon, Fecamp evidently in supplying agents, 

Reich Territory: 

In the morning hours isolated enemy reconnaissance planes were in the 
area of Frankfurt /Main, Cleve, Husum* 

Towards noon many hundred planes penetrated in waves into the area of 
Cologne, Bonn, Duesseldorf and Hannover-Braunschweig where the masses 
returned* A small rest-part advanced to the area of Greater-Berlin 
and attacked at about 1330 the BMW-plant in 6-enshagen near Teltow, 
where only slight damage was inflicted. Up to now, there are still 
no reports of pltnes shot down "by our own 300 fighters "being in opera- 
tion. 

Airfields laying in the course of flight were dropped with several 
"bombs. In Leverkusen and Duesseldorf industrial damage thereby was 
inflicted. 

During the night of **■ March about 30 Mosquito planes were reported 
which carried out intercepter flights in the area of Greater-Berlin 
without bombing, 

Mediterranean Theater. 

On 3 March the focal point of the enemy operations with ahout 1200 
enemy planes was in the area of the beachhead inclusive Borne and the 
area of Viterbo. Transport installations and ground defense works 
have been attacked. At nearly all marshalling yards of Borne essential 
damage and casualties were caused* Airfields were only slightly 
damaged. Our own fighters shot down 14 and antiaircraft artillery 
downed one enemy plane. On the 4 March our own air reconnaissance 
sighted five tankers, 40 merchantmen in Algiers-Bay, and off the Bay 
two corvettes and one destroyer. 

North of Tobruk one big transport with two escort vessels was sighted 
heading East, north of Sidi Barani one suspected to be cruiser and 
two destroyers were simultaneously heading East, 



-64- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
4 Mar. 19^4 

Bas tern Area; 

At the Eastern Front on the 3 March 7^ own and ^66 enemy missions 
were carried out* One of our own planes was lost, nine planes were 
shot down. 



VIII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. 

1. Area of the Naval Group Vest. 

Enemy Situation: 

The two groups of eleven respectively 14 freighters reported leaving 
Gibraltar on the 3 March, may prohahly have been the MES 41*. In 
addition is reported , that on the 2 March Dutch a damaged troop 
transport entered Gibraltar coming from the East* 

On the 4 March two freighters, one corvette, one submarine and one 
escort vessel left Gibraltar East-bound. 

Own Situation: 

In the morning, submarine alarm was sounded off Cannes and in the 
afternoon off Toulon. Harbor defense boats were sent out for fighting: 

Between Nizza and Cape Antibes one antiaircraft battery opened fire 
because of sighting a telescope* 

2, Area of the German Naval Command Italy. 

Enemy Situation: 

According to Radio monitoring in the morning and at noon UGS 33 might 
have been within air raid danger in the area of Algiers. 

The reconnaissance off the landing area on the afternoon of the 

3 March and on the morning of the 4 March lighted nothing essential. 

On the afternoon of the 3 March 15 vessels in total on the eastern 
coast were observed between Vieste and Bari and eight ships were ob- 
served off Bari. On the morning of the 4 March three patrol vessels 
were sailing north of Bari with alternating courses. 

On the early hours of the morning of the 4 March air reconnaissance 
reported one cruiser, three destroyers, two patrol boats, one trans- 
port and three smaller merchantmen in the coastal area between 
Tobruk and Marsa Matruk, steering east. 

-65- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
4 Mar. 19^ 

Own Situation: 

The new construction minesweeper M "7033" and patrol "boat Vp H 7023 8 
stranded off Via Reggio. 

South-east of ETba eight minesweepers are in operation sweeping an 
old Italian "barrage. During the night of 3 March minelaying operation 
east of Benedetto was carried out as planned. 

At 0230 on the 3 March detonations were heard in direction to our 
own new "barrages. 

Escort shipping was delayed owing to "bad weather. 

In addition to the shelling of Bastia by TA-boats (torpedohoats) during 
the night of the 1 March the German Naval Command Italy reports, that 
shore "batteries replied the fire on our own formation and on the planes 
which were dropping star shells. The TA-boats fired four torpedoes 
against the port entrance and observed detonations. Immediately after- 
wards the formation was attacked by enemy motor torpedo boats, whose 
torpedoes were avoided. Summary see Radiogram 2355* 

At 0900 on the 3 March Submarine U *5&5 n reports a quadruple fan fired 
on a cruiser suspected to be LEANDER in CO 571^> 

After nine minutes two detonations were heard and seen. Besides this 
one corvette is suspected to "be sunk "by Zaunkoenig torpedo. 

Submarine U "371" left for the operational area in CH 9^65 and CJ 
7865 and Submarine U "3^3" for the operational area off the "beachhead. 

The Naval Staff entreated the German Naval Command Italy to give a 
judgment of the transportation space in the "beachhead of Nettunia in 
regard to the Submarines-operation in the western Mediterranean. Doee 
the enemy supply he carried out with big or small ships? 

The German Naval Command Italy reports, that operations with Submarines 
in the western Mediterranean may at any rate succeed in good effect. 
The supply is running mostly via Sicilian ports or immediately from 
Tunesia to Naples-Bay and from there to "beachhead via Ishia-Ponza. 
Between the "beachhead and Bonifacio-Straits only isolated shipping was 
stated. The operation off the beachhead may become very important 
because of alarm during unloading at sea and concentrating strong 
enemy patrol forces which in other case could operate against our own 
coastal shipping. The enemy supply is carried through mostly "by 
Liberty- freighters and LST, unloading is done by landing craft. The 
LST partially dock at Anzio. 



-66- CONFIDENTIAL 



COKFIDEHTIAL 
k Mar. 19^ 

3. Area of the Naval Group South* 

Adriatic: 

Enemy Situation: 

At 0650 on the 3 March one submarine was sighted south of the Isle of 
Permuda steering north-east. 

Own Situation: 

Off Corcula, enemy planes sunk three coastal motor ships and one motor 
"boat, off Makarzka one coastal motor ship. Moreover another two 
coastal motor ships were seriously damaged. 

During the repeated air raid on Split on the 3 March the steamer 
ADRIATICO (38? BET) and one coastal motor ship was sunk. During 
February Split had 110 and Trogir ?8 air alerts. 

At 0015 on the 4 March partisans caused a blasting in Abbazia close to 
shelter of the Commanding Staff of Admiral Aegean. 

b. Aegean: 

Enemy Situation: 

According to a agents report it has been said, that on the 22 February 
a disabled enemy submarine having damaged batteries might have docked 
in a Bay on the northern point of Chelidromia (north of Euboca) which 
was camouflaged against aerial sight. Reconnaissance by the Air Force 
on the 3 March resulted no effect. 

At 0035 on the 4 March one submarine was sighted heading east north 
of the Vathi-Bay. 

Own Situation: 

On the 2 March one motor sailing ship was sunk by enemy plane off Cape 
Papas. On the 3 March, enemy planes sunk one motor sailing ship in 
the harbor of Parga (south-east of Corfu). During the night of 3 March 
three TA-boats with ^50 men aboard entered Rhodos coming from Leros. 
At about 2230 the boats repulsed an attack of enemy motor torpedo boats. 
Owing to the troops aboard, the boats were not chased. 

In the morning of the 4 March TA-boats transferred 250 soldiers on 
furlough from Rhodos to Leros, 



-67- CONFIDENTIAL 



CCaO , IDE8TlAL 
4 Mar. 1°A4 

At 0050 the steamer SIJHOS (387 BRT) proceeding from Suda to Milos 
was sunk by enemy plane. ?rom 90 prisoners "being aboard more than 
half are missing. In the afternoon enemy air raid was carried out on 
Suda-3ay. Our own fighters reached in shooting down one f plane defi- 
nitely and another one is suspected to be. 

Sabotage plot was made against the steamer LUEUEBRG (^697 BRT) lying 
in dock in Piraeus harbor. From two adhesive sabotage mines one ex- 
ploded. Slight damage only. 

n DRACHE" and two R-boats transferred the occupation force of Stampalia- 
Island from Leros to Piraeus. 

c. Black Sea. 

Bnemy Situation: 

According to air reconnaissance one freighter was sailing off the 
Turkish coast with eastern course at 0840. 

The submarine which had been sunk on the 17 February 70 miles west of 
Eupatoria by the submarine-chaser "106," was, according to Radio moni- 
toring, the submarine "SCHTSCH 2l6 n which left harbor on the 6 February 
and was detected transmitting for the last time in this area of suc- 
cess on the 11 February. 

Own Situation: 

On the afternoon of the 3 March and on the morning of the 4 March the 
naval battery in Kerch-Straits was shelled by enemy battery and had 
some casualties. The patrol-line in the Kerch-Straits was occupied by 
four motor minesweepers during the night of 3 March and by three naval 
landing craft during the night of 4 March. Particular events were not 
submitted. 

Diring the night of 4 March six PT boats were put in operation off the 
Caucasian coast. 

Submarine U "24" left Constantsa for war cruise. On the place of 
stranding west of St. Gheorge another tanker and one leighter were 
salvaged. The convoys to Crimea were carried on without particular 
events. 



IX. Situation Eastern Asia. 

Particular reports were not submitted. 

******************** 

-68- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
5 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday- 



Items of Political Importance. 

In an article of the New York 1 s weekly "Foreign Affairs" the author 
calls the aerial terror against Germany and the Allied operation in 
the Mediterranean Theater as a long lasting prelude for the invasion 
of Europe across the English Channel, The Allies will still have to 
master "big tasks. The invasion of Western Europe would be the key- 
stone of all the Allied strategy. If this would be a failure and it 
could be one, then the Allies would be lost. Still this war would 
not be won for long time. 

The greatest difficulty would be the lack of capable officers, 

Following Reuter the diplomatic relations between USA and Argentina 
had been suspended. 

According to a Swedish newspaper, the Argentinian Foreign Office 
requested the representative of Sweden to introduce negotiations with 
the Axis powers for resumption of diplomatic relations, 

A certain surprise was revealing, when Roosevelt announced, that l/3 
of the Italian Fleet respectively its equivalent would be delivered 
to Russia, Following Reuter, Marshal Badolgio asked the Allied rep- 
resentatives for details regarding to this step and has reserved his 
own judgment in this matter. 

A Times article stated that in Turkey the party which would be against 
an entry into the war on the side of the Allies would have the major- 
ity in this moment. Following a Swedish information from London, the 
opinion there is offhand that the realization of Allied plannings for 
large scale offensive operations in the Balkans was made impossible 
by the Turkish attitude. This plan, which still was regarded as an 
alternative for western invasion six months ago, now must be considered as 
abandoned. The British publicity is preparing to look at Turkey still 
no more as allied non belligerent power but as neutral power. 



Conference on the Situation with Chief of Staff of Naval Staff. 

Army Situation: 

The large scale enemy attack on the left wing of the Army Group South 
was started and created a critical situation. 

-69- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
5 Mar. 1944 

Sunday 

On the Narwa - Front too the situation "became accentuated. 

For the rest no particular reports and decisions. 



Special Items 

I . Concerning "Tanne:" 

The Operations Div. /Naval Staff informed the Commander in Chief, Favy 
of the commanding practice during the Oesel - operation 1917 and the 
Finland - operation 1918. Draught as per 1. SKL 8270/44 Geheim in 
War Diary Part C Volume III. 



II. The Armed Forces High Command/ Operations Staff Navy transmits 
the following judgment of the situation via Group West to the Comman- 
der in Chief, Navy. 

"1. Situation on the Mainland: 

Heavy Russian attack on the 1st Armoured Army Shepetovka - Belogorodka. 
Serious penetrations of the enemy. Situation on the Narva-Front got 
very accentuated, was announced to "be very serious "by the Chief of 
General Staff, "but he believes in standing the situation. Reinforce- 
ments with more formations are going on. 

2, Tokens to he seen for Russian plan of Crimea-attack and con- 
centration of forces on the Caucasian coast. The Fuehrer fears the 
attack in the area of Ivanbaba - Feodosiva reference to the necessity 
of concentrated attention and patrolling hy the Navy. 

3» Italy: The Fuehrer ordered further defense of the 10th Army 
in present position and principally creaping to the idea of removal 
of beachhead, reinforcement of more artillery was ordered. Most 
severe precautions were ordered against strike movements in Northern 
Italy. 

4. Concerning the powers of fortress commandants the required 
was arranged. In the case mentioned, there is no doubt for trespass 
of powers. Independently from Convening Officer powers the Commanding 
General, Armed Forces West is endeavoured in preventing violation of 
authorization of fortress commandants. Definitive orders of the Com- 
manding General, Armed Forces West were issued thus eleminating all 
interfering of fortress commandants into matters of Naval Warfare and 
basic matters of war at sea # " 



•70- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
5 Mar. 19^4 

Sunday 

The Naval Staff informs the Group South that tokens are submitted to the 
Armed Forces High Command for Russian plan of Crimea-attack and concentra- 
tion of forces on the Caucasian coast and that the Fuehrer fears the 
attack in the area of Ivanbaba - Feodosiva. The Group is reminded of 
strengthened attention and survey by the Navy. 



III. The Group South submitted detailed Judgment in reference to the 
directive of the Naval Staff concerning the accomplishment of defense 
work for the Aegean (see War Diary 1 March). Telegram as per 1. SKL 
721/44 Geheim Chefsache will be found in the documents of 1. SKL I op. 



IV. The Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff submits a specification of 
the enemy losses in merchantmen during the month of February. Copy as 
per 1 SKL 8540/44 Geheim Secret in War Diary Part D Volume "Enemy losses 
of merchant shipping. M 



V. The Group South forwarded the proposal to the Army Group F, with 
copy to Operations Branch/Naval Staff to attach at first the remote con- 
trolled target platoon and in accordance with the Commander of the division 
Brandenburg to the Commander of the 1st PT-boat division for fighting 
tasks in the Adriatic and to subordinate it to the Admiral Adriatic. 
Therewith the fact is to be reached, that the platoon may not be put into 
operation only in event of enemy attack but already would operate there 
where targets for attack are effectively available and tactical examina- 
tion may be possible. But for this task the Aegean is not adapted. 

Thw Naval Staff transmits this proposal to knowledge of the Armed Forces 
High Command/Operations Staff Navy with the remark, that the Naval Staff 
deems it very suitable to achieve like this. 



VI. The Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff forwards the judgment of the 
enemy of the General Staff of the Army/Foreign Armies West from 4 March 
referring to the conception of landing operations in the northern area. 
Copy as per 1 SKL 6951/44 GKdos in War Diary Part C Volume Ha. Extrac- 
table information of the relevant Naval Headquarters is already done by 
telegram from the Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff. The General Staff 
of the Army is counting on four or six divisions ready for war in the 
area of East Scotland to which the shipping space required for will be at 
disposal. About one or twc T JA - Divisions from Iceland are to be added. 
The aim of any enemy operation may be the Norwegian Coast. Regarding the 



-71- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
5 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

Russian total pretentions of power in Finland, the Foreign Armies West 
considers a Russian agreement with an operation against Petsamo - 
Murmansk as most unlikely. The forces available will not be sufficient 
for a large scale operation with decisive effect. In the present phase 
of battle the operations of the enemy command all turn towards the aim 
for containing German Forces on the European Front respectively to re- 
move them from the decisive Atlantic Front. But however, Foreign 
Armies West now deems it irremissable to increase the defensive power 
at the Norwegian Coast and above all to intensify the air reconnais- 
sance in the whole area of the North Sea. Within these precautions 
there may be seen the only means to prevent surprising event as to 
what appeared the landing operations in Sicily and Nettuno. Enforcement 
of harbor reconnaissance in northern Scottish areas and operations with 
naval forces Submarines with the only reconnaissance and obeervation 
tasks in direction of Scotland may be considered as important additional 
precautions. 



^ 



Situation 5 March 19^4 

I. War in the Foreign Waters 

Nothing to report. 



II. Situation in the West Area. 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At th^ 15th Group 13 and at the 19th Group 41 and at the Azores Squad- 
rons six planes have been detected in action. Three wireless telegraphic 
guards, one British merchantman and seven British vessels were located 
in the rendez-vous area. 



2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

Both off La Pallice and Royan two ground -mines each were swept. Two 
outgoing submarines and one entering submarine were escorted. 



-72- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
5 Mar. 19^4 

Sunday 

Channel Area, 

One crash boat was slightly damaged west of Le Havre by presumably 
acustlc mine. One patrol-boat line was occupied. 

Owing to bad weather conditions, minesweepers were not in action* 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern. Waters. 

North Sea. 

Both one mine was swept off Norderney and off Schiermonikoog. The 
convoy 485 Elbe-Hook temporarily anchored at Borkum roads and proceeded 
at 1700, The convoy 1227 Hook - ELbe with six steamers has been started. 
At 2235 the Swedish steamer DIANA (1878 BRT) from the Ems-Elbe convoy 
was sunk by air torpedo during an attack of three enemy planes in 
AN 9575. Ship anti-aircraft artillery and escorting vessels shot down 
two attacking planes. 

In the evening, four enemy planes were observed north-west of Borkum 
in suspected minelaying operations* 

In the Zuider Sea and in the Zealand Waters three convoys with about 
31,000 BRT were carried out. 

In the area of Commanding Admiral Defenses North ten Patrol-lines were 
occupied. 



Norway. Northern Waters. 

1« Enemy Situation: 

23 planes were detected at the 18th Group Command, Planes of this 
Group reported successful attacks omour own convoys, Russian re- 
connaissance planes spotted our own convoys in Varanger-Fiord and in 
Syltefiord. 

At I830 our own air reconnaissance reported amount of ships in Scapa 
Flow with at least three aircraft carriers, three battleships, one 
passenger ship, about 30 landing shipw and boats, furthermore about 
30-40 smaller and medium-sized war vessels. One plane being in re- 
connaissance mission for Scapa Flow sighted in AM 3460 one what is 
suspected to be convoy consisting of 30 - 40 vessels steering 
30 - 50°. 



-73- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
5 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

One "plane detached for reconnaissance to Lerwik, did not come "back. 

Following our own air reconnaissance on the afternoon of the 4 March 
there were two destroyers lying on the Scottish West coast in Little 
Minch, in Loch Eve seven larger and more than 50 medium-sized and smaller 
steamers, as well as one destroyer and three patrol boats. A. triple 
net "barrage was spotted running from the north-western corner to the 
isle on Loch Eve to the south-western corner. All the ships had no 
balloon-barrage. Landing craft or ships had not been observed. This 
amount of ships does not mean any extraordinary fact. 



2. Own Situation: 

Penetrations of planes were reported as follows: On 3 March two pene- 
trations into the area of Xirkenes with 20 planes, and bombing, seven 
penetrations into the area of Vardoe with 13 planes, two penetrations 
into the area of Petsamo with five planes and both one penetration 
into the area of Banak and Tromsoe. 

A.t 1320 on the 5 March the east-bound convoy K 1 was attacked with 
air torpedoes and bombs off Eckeroe with no effect. In the evening 
the submarine-chaser "1703" was sunk by torpedo plane off Lindesnes. 
Fifty-two survivors, among them the Commanding Officer and the 1st 
watchkeeping Officer were rescued. 

Thirty-eight northbound and 23 southbound ships were escorted. 

The Admiral Northern Waters reports continuation of the operation 
against the QP 26. The Submarines did not succeed in attacking the 
convoy: The Commander Submarines Norway reports on the Submarines 
situation at 2300, that during the night of 4 March from about 0100 
contact aircraft were close to the QP 26. For several times the 
Submarines took the bearing of the contact aircraft and detected 
the convoy or the patrol escort. In dawn again the Submarines were 
more often attacked by planes. In-order to find the enemy again a 
double patrol line across the direction of enemy advance was ordered 
at I800. But this line could not be reached by all boats in time. 
Resumption of air contact only was established at 1515* At about 
1600 a 2nd and 3rd enemy group presumably being part of the convoy 
or cover was sighted or located. There were twelve Submarines in 
action. Weather conditions got unfavorable. In event the enemy 
would not be detected by the submarines during the night, relevant 
pushing forward of the patrol-line by outflanking advancing ahead 
is planned on day. Owing to weather conditions and the strength of 
enemy forces the Air Force desires to remain in contact under resign 
of further reconnaissance towards the Q P with temporal concentration 



-74- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
5 Mar. 1944 

Sunday 

in the afternoon and evening. In addition to the question of Sub- 
marine disposition in the Northern Waters the Commander Submarines 
Norway transmits the reference, which was fundamental to the judgment 
of the Group North/Fleet (see War Diary 1 March). Copy of relevant 
radiogram as per 1. SKL 6973/44 GKdos in,War Diary Part C Volume 'Ila. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea. Baltic Sea Entrances 

1. Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 



2. Own Situation: 

Thirty boats and five planes in the Baltic Sea Entrances and 29 boats 
and five minesweeping planes in the Baltic Sea were engaged in mine- 
sweeping. Off Cape Kullen two mines and off the Mecklenburg-Bay one 
mine were swept. 

Convoy-shipping was carried through as planned. 

The minelayers ROLAND, LINZ and BRUMMER were escorted for operation 
"Grosagoerschen" . 

Torpedo boat T "5" was rammed by T "3" owing to disabled rudder off 
Rixhoeft at 1230. Both the boats have been damaged. 

In proceeding to the East the net-tenders "20" and "19" and four 
working boats had the position south of Bornholm at 1800. Landing 
craft B "6," "35" and WP "119" are lying in Pillau; AF "30," "31," 
"32," "46" and "50" arrived at Libau. AP "2," "5," "8" and "49" 
were south of Bornholm, AP "35," and "29" off Nidden. 

Por the rest nothing to report. 



V. Merchant Shipping. 

The Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff reports on enemy merchant ship- 
ping in the Pacific Ocean as it were on 1 March 1944 and on the supply 
base of mineral oil in the Persian Gulf in the 4th quarter of 1943. 
Copy of reports in accordance to 1 SKL 6929/44 respectively 6953/44 
in War Diary Part C Volume XI. 

The description of the enemy merchant shipping in the Indian Ocean 
turns out to be extremely informatory and suitable. 



-75- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
5 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

71. U-Boat Warfare. 

1. Enemy Situation: 

Following Radio Monitoring the MKS 41 was sailing about 34° west of 
Gibraltar on 4 March at 2100 and the MXS 43 on the evening of 4 March 
410 miles west of Cape St. Vincent. 

2. Own Situation: 

In returning from the operational area off Newfoundland the Submarine 
U "539" sighted one three-funnel liner in B C 3820 on NE-course and 
one two-funnel liner with destroyer heading South-West, both units 
were sailing with medium speed; and on the 1 March she sighted one 
part of a convoy in B C 4632 heading south. For the rest no particular 
reports from the Atlantic. 

On the 22 February Submarine U "510" (Commanding Officer Lt. Eick) 
sighted on day in the Indian Ocean in the G-ulf of Aden a convoy consis- 
ting of 13 tankers, six freighters with two destroyers protected by 
strong fighter escort. 

On 23 February after successful Aphrodite* action he sunk two tankers 
of 8 respectively 10,000 BRT and two freighters of both 7,000 BRT in 
the night in MP 5511 and is suspecting to have sunk another freighter 
of 7,000 BRT. According to report of the Naval Attache" Tokyo the 
tanker WINNETOU was torpedoed on 2 February in 2620 North 12611 East 
by enemy submarine and entered Naha for repair by own power* 



VI 1 1 . Atrial Warfare. 

West Area: 

During the day about 200 enemy planes penetrated into Belgium/Northern 
France without any particular attack. Two bomber formations consisting 
of about 300 four-engined planes penetrated into the area Bordeaux - 
Arcachor, while four fighter formations visited the area of Angouleme. 
The airfields of Bergerac, Bussac and Cognac had been attacked, the 
first and latter mentioned was seriously damaged. Ninety-nine of our 
own fighters shot down four attacking planes, five FW 200 got lost 
thereoff three being shot down in the air. 

Further 60 enemy planes penetrated into the area of Caen-Brest and 
40 planes into the area of Rennes without attacking. During the night 
of 5 March 26 penetrating planes were reported in Belgium/Northern France, 
and in Western France about 85 ones presumably supplying agents. 

-76- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
5 Mar. 19^4 

Sunday 

Coming from the South another 10 penetrations into the coastal area 
of Cannes were reported, 

Reich Territory. 

On day, ten single planes flew via Northern Netherlands, Heligoland 
Bight into the area north of Esbjerg, Zealand, Stralsund, Uelzen, 
Braunschweig, Bielefeld, Bocholt. One plane reached Frankfurt /Oder. 
Attacks were not reported. 

In the afternoon isolated missions into the areas of Muenchen-G-ladbach, 
Bonn, Schweifurt and south of Frankfurt /Main were reported equally 
without attacks. In the evening isolated planes dropped bombs in the 
area of Aachen-Duesseldorf, Another enemy plane penetrated into the 
area of Osnahrueck, another one into the area of Stendal-Meppen. 
Three German training planes, two Ju 88 and one Ar, 96 were shot down 
in the vicinity of our own airfields. 



Mediterranean Theater: 

On the 4 March 300 enemy planes were counted in the area south of Rome. 
Attacks were reported on St. Stefano and on small ports on the eastern 
coast of Elba. One plane out of 16 reconnaissance planes was shot down 
by our own fighters in the Aegean, 

Own photographical reconnaissance of Bastia on the 4 March revealed a 
high amount of ships lying in this harbor with six steamers and seven 
coastal vessels, but without any landing craft* 

Reconnaissance on the 5 March in the western Mediterranean yielded no 
tactical results. A convoy of twelve steamers was sighted in the Ionian 
Sea 90 miles south-east of Cape Passero heading south-east and in south- 
west off this one a second convoy with 14- steamers was sailing on the 
same course, 140 miles southeast of Cape Passero one transport and two 
destroyers were sailing on NW/course. 



Eastern Front. 

On the 4 March 1128 own and 524 enemy missions were reported. Ten 
enemy planes were shot down with the loss of four of our own planes, 

VI II • Warfare in the Meditarranean and Black Sea. 

1. Area of the Naval Group West: 

Enemy Situation: 

-77- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
5 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

Following Radio Monitoring tne convoy GUS 32 was sailing in the outer 
area of Algiers during the night of 4 March. One USA-convoy, presum- 
ably east-bound, was detected in the waters off Alb ran - Oran. 



Own Situation; 
Nothing to report. 



2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy. £ 

Enemy Situation; 

Two destroyers stood for western course 22 miles east of Maddalena, 
they are believed to come from the beach-head. Twelve miles east of 
Nettuno there were eight or nine freighters as well as ten - 15 smal- 
ler vessels. Besides this, a patrol line manned by 15 vessels was 
sighted west of Nettuno up to Cape Circeo. According to Army obser- 
vation reports, there were seven or eight landing boats and three LST 
in Anzio-harbor. At 0755. two convoys of altogether 26 merchantmen 
and eight patrol vessels were sailing about 110 miles ENE of Malta 
steering a south-easterly course while 140 miles southeast of Malta 
one transport and two destroyers were steering northwesterly course. 

According to Radio Monitoring the convoy MXS k2 left Naples on the 

afternoon of the k March. On the 4 March one convoy proceeding south 

was in Otranto-Straits. £ 

On the evening of the 4 March one what was believed to be a USA-convoy 
proceeding from Augusta to Algiers was detected in the outer waters 
east of Biserta. 



Own Situation: 

During the night of 3 March one of our own convoys was attacked with- 
out effect by enemy reconnaissance plane off Vada. In the raid on St. 
Stefano on the afternoon of 4 March the harbor-entrance was again 
damaged. In the fighter-bomber raid on Benedetto one harbor defense 
boat sunk and another one stranded damaged. During the fighter-bomber 
attack on Civitanova three coastal motor boats got totally lost. On 
4 March Benedetto reported newly mine detonations in direction to the 
new barrages . 



-78- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
5 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

Owing to "bad weather conditions escort duties and patrol service was 
seriously curtailed. 



3. Area of the Naval Group South: 

a. Adriatic: 

On the 4 March the steamer ANNA MARTINI (933 BRT) was shot afire "by 
enemy plane in Zara, presumably totally lost. Following a report of 
the Panzer Army High Command our own stronghold on the northern coast 
of Brae was captured. Near Uljan one coastal motor ship had "been 
sunk "by aircraft gunfire. Our own troops landed on 3rac against weaker 
enemy. During the night of 4 an enemy commando raid against Solta was 
repulsed by the occupation forces of the isle. 

The Group South reports the transport efficiency of February in the 
area of the Chief, Supply and Transport Adriatic to the amount of 
22,899 tons in contrary to 30,206 tons in January. This reduction 
may be caused by the extremely enforced air activity of the enemy 
which inflicted break-downs and damage, heavy delays of repair due to 
overcharge of shipyards, lack of escorting vessels, stopping of 
coastal shipping for several days owing to Bora-winds as well as delays 
in leaving harbors due to desertations. Details and losses see Radio- 
gram 1610. 



b. Aegean: 

On the evening of the ^ March steamer GERTRUD left Porto Lago with 
torpedoboat TA "15," "l6, M "19" with 260 furloughers, 3200 prisoners 
and 60 civil workers, Piraeus-bound. 

Regarding the sabotage plot in Piraeus (see War Diary 4 March) and 
correcting the facts there was reported that no adhesive mine but 
a melinite petard with modern time fuse was used. 

On the afternoon of the 5 March Porto Lago was attacked by six enemy 
planes. No damage was inflicted. 

The operation Skyros was carried out without particular events. Owing 
to developing stormy weather conditions all escort traffic was stopped. 
Also, navigation is seriously threatened by enemy air forces during the 
period of new-moon and therefore handicapped. The South of Aegean is 
permanently surveyed by enemy air forces. 



-79- CONFIDENTIAL 



co::i id espial 

5 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

The C-roup South reports on the sea transport efficiency in the Aegean 
during February leu, vith 2" 7 ^-S ten: in contrary to 2~,—3 tons in 
January. Details and losses see Radiogram 1845. 



c. Black Sea; 

Enemy Situation: 

According to Badie Monitoring ten FT -heats and two motor gun-boats 
received long wireless messages in the morning. 'Therefore there must 
"be reckoned vith operations in the waters north of the East coast 
respectively Zert sch-Straits. 



Own Situation; 

In operating leeward the Caucasian coast towards midnight in the night 
of ^ March the 1st PT-boat Flotilla was engaged vith two motor gun-boats 
K¥ of Tuapse, which immediately shoved off with highest speed towards 
the shore and after having obtained some hits came out of sight. Lur- 
ing the night of -* March the patrcl line in Zerch-S traits had no enemy 
encounters. During the night of 5 March it will be manned vith four 
motor minesweepers. 

On the k March enemy batteries repeatedly shelled the 3» a ad 4, battery 
of the Kaval Artillery Detachment cl3 without essential effect. 

The net-tender AKTILOPE has been swamped and sunk during her towing 
in to Constantsa from place of stranding. 

The Group South reports the sea transport performances in Black Sea 
during February with 80,9^1 tons in contrary to £c,?5o tons in January. 
Thereof f 52,-55 tons vent to Crimea, 13,203 tons from Crimea. Details 
see Badicgran loll. 

IX. Situation Tastern Asia. 

Hew C-uinea - Bismarck Archipelago. 

for a new time American destroyers carried out bombardments on the 
shore of Keu-Mecklenburg. 

Bauda - Sea. 

relieving Allied reports two coastal ships were sunk near Timor and 
seven vere damaged. 



-SC- C37IDZSTLAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
5 Mar. 1944 

Sunday 

Northern Pacific. 
Again American naval "bombers dropped bombs on ParamuLhir and Shimuahu. 

Caroline-Islands and Marshall Islands. 

Yet the non-occupied atolls of the Marshall-Islands, the Islands of 
Ponape and Kusai are raided nearly every day. 

Burma, 

In the western part of the fighting area the battle rose again on 
behalf of the possession of an important pass. The Japanese report, 
that during the passing operations in this area against the 7th British- 
Indian Division about 600 soldiers were made prisoners and 7000 were 
killed in action. 

Generalities. 



According to Japanese reports there had been sunk five enemy sub- 
marines in January, six ones in February and a total of ^07 enemy 
planes were shot down "by Japanese Army Air Forces in contrary to own 
losses of 80 planes. 



The Naval Attach! Tokio reports: 

"The Head of Naval Air Department Vice Admiral Tsukahara was simul- 
taneously commissioned to take charge of affairs of the first Deputy 
Chief of Admiral Staff. Therewith after discharging the Chief of 
General and Admiral Staff, the Navy followed the example of the army 
with appointing of two Deputy-Chiefs. By appointing Tsukahara the 
production of Air Forces and its operational launching came practically 
in one hand." 



6 Mar. 19**4 

Items of Political Importance. 

Nothing special to report. 



-81- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
6 Mar. 19^ 

At 1300 discussion took place with the r hief of Staff of Naval Staff 
in presence of the Commanding Admiral, Naval Command East, Admiral 
Kummetz on the subject of operation "Tanne". On the 4 and 5 March 
Admiral Kummetz had discussions in the operational areas with the Com- 
mander, Minesweepers East, Commanding Admiral Baltic Countries, and 
with the Commanding General Army Croup North. 

Following the description represented to him, the political situation 
in Finland remains unscru*ahle • The Chief of Staff of the Commander 
Minesweepers East judges the Finnish situation at least to he positive. 
The Armed Forces' attitude is strongly adapted against the armistice. 
On the 5 March General Model judges the situation on the Narva Front 
in positive sense and makes known to the Commander in Chief, Navy hy 
Admiral Kummetz that the Army would stay at the Narva. 

But in meantime, there arrived a telephone-call of the High Command, 
Operations Staff at the Operations Division/Naval Staff, where after 
General Jodl gives information, that in certain circumstances it would 
he necessary to act in very short time. This information is in so far 
surprising, as up to now the Armed Forces High Command has wished to 
deal with the preparations for "Tanne" relating only to thoughts. 

Then, the directives which had "been issued for the operation "Tanne" 
were discussed. It is stated that the records on the Aland-Islands 
are under way. As to the employment of naval forces the Commanding 
Admiral of the Naval Command East is planning to operate with the 
task force of the Gulf of Finland against Hochland providing that the 
icing situation will expect interference of Russian naval forces and 
in case whether sufficient fighter escort could he granted. According 
to the Commander's Minesweepers East opinion, there will he no danger 
of enemy mines. Following to the Naval Staff's opinion the operation 
of the task force also would depend upon the development of political 
situation. If the Fins would he trying to defend Hochland, what will 
not he expected, and the Eussians might he leaving off ports, than the 
ships have to he put into operation at Hochland. 

The task force started exercises in shelling land targets. 

The desire of the Naval Command East for allocation of four more 
minesweepers will he checked again. But its realization depends upon 
the further development of the enemy minelaying offensive operation in 
the Western Baltic. 

The Commanding Admiral of the Naval Command East deems it ahsolutely 
necessary to detail the 2nd and 3rd Torpedo-hoats Flotilla and is 
thinking that without that the execution of the operation H Tanne 8 will 
he impossible even on account of the troop transports. 



-82- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
6 Mar. 1944 

The presence of "SCHEER" only can oe estimated up to the middle of 
April at the least on 1 May. Following the report of the Chief of 
Fleet Training Unit the ] ight cruisers are not yet sufficiently 
trained in ships' general drill. 

For the rest all the other questions are clear. 



The Commander in Chief, Navy and the Chief of Operations Div. /Naval 
Staff returned from their journey to France, 



Conference on the Situation with the Commander in Chief. Navy at 1800. 

I« In reference to the question of Submarine operations in the Medi- 
terranean, the Naval Staff submits the following condensed directive 
to the Commander Submarines Mediterranean, which the Commander in Chief, 
Navy agreed: 

"1. The distribution of Submarines in the Mediterranean is reliable 
on: 

a. the tasks to resolve, 

b. the emissibility of the submarine bases. 

Again, the focal point referring to a. would be the western Mediter- 
ranean because the directive of the Armed Forces High Command (re- 
ferring to the focal point: Repulse of the attack against Crete and 
the Aegean) transmitted with Radiogram 1 SKL la 805/44 G-Kdos got ob- 
solete with the Radiogram 1 SKL I u 190/44 Chefsache from 19 January 
(Order for boats, which may get ready in the Western Mediterranean 
for operation off the beachhead of Nettuno). After cancelling the 
deliveries of armaments by the Allies to Turkey, the distribution of 
boats to bases (14 in the West, four in the East) corresponds with 
the present concentration, so that the transfer of boats through 
Sicily Straits would at firso not become necessary. 

2. The Radiogram of the Commander in Chief, South-West AIM 
126/44 Chefsache from 4 March and the judgment on the traffic situa- 
tion in the area of Nettuno-Naples recuested the Operations Div. /Naval 
Staff from the German Naval Command confirmed the attitude of the Naval 
Staff, that in case of enemy supply profitable targets may also appear 
in these waters. There may be added, that more landing operations on 
the west coast of Italy will be anticipated, to the beginning of which 
Submarines are to be present. 

-83- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
6 Mar. 19^4 

3. Decision referring to Commander Submarines Mediterranean 95 /^ 
Chefsache (1 SKL I u 649/44 Chefsache from 29 February.: 

Five boats to the area of Naples-Nettuno, and some more to the North- 
African coast) will therefore newly be confirmed. 

4. The tactical allocations in the operational area of the West- 
ern Mediterranean for the next time may be outlined to the following 
judgment of priority: 

a. Otranto-S traits - South point of Sicily 

b. Cyrenaika 

c. Levant-coast. 

5. "Referring to 3» a^d 4. report plannings for the next time and 
inform partners. 

In conjunction to this, the Chief of Operations Branch/Naval Staff 
reports on the transfer of the netlayers and the night-fighter-direct- 
ing-ship "TOGO" to the Gulf of Finland and on the increasing appearance 
of air torpedo-planes against the convoy traffic in the Norwegian area 
as well as on the doubts transmitted by the Armed Forces High Command/ 
Operations Staff Navy which rose in Headquarter concerning the sus- 
pected enemy attack on Crimea of which the Croup South was informed. 
Reports were already made to these affairs. 



II. The Chief of Staff of Naval Staff points out concerning the judg- 
ment of the enemy situation in Northern Scotland to which reports were 
made in various cases that the concentration of forces up there under "— 

certain circumstances may become important to the development of situ- 
ation in Finland. 



III. The Chief of Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff: 

Today's Reuter-information on German-Finnish discussions hits the 
point. However the further contents of this Heuter information, 
which deals with the contents and interruption of these discussions 
was not confirmed. 



-84- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
6 Mar. 1944 

IV. Army Situation; 

No certain informations on enemy offensive operations against Crimea 
were submitted. The 111th Infantry Division will "be carried to the 
peninsula "by air. 

The fighting of the Army Group South lead to strong enemy penetrations 
near Xriwoi Rog and in the area west of Cherkassy causing an essential 
withdrawal of our own front. The situation on the left wing of the 
Army Group Manstein grew extremely unsatisfactory. Between Juba and 
Jampol the situation "became very serious. Enemy spearheads of tanks 
threaten the railroad Lemb erg-Odessa. Our own forces are partially 
outflanked and are engaged in hard fighting towards all directions. 
The reinforcements with new forces "became very difficult "because of 
bad roads. The Staff-Headquarters of the Army Group South had been 
withdrawn to Kaminez Podolsk. To large extent Crimea supply is to 
be transferred from Odessa to Constantsa. 

Fighting has peaced in the area of the Army Group Center. The battle 
at Beresina-River turned out a full defense victory* The enemy 
attacks imminent in area of Smolensk on the Highway had been started. 
Increasing fighting had been reported from the Narva Front. The new 
21^-th Infantry Division introduced from Norway had been outrun in the 
position of Pdver banks on Narva-River. 

Detached task force of the 58 Infantry Division saved the situation. 
South-west of Narva the battle was fought with arme blanche. 

Our own operation in the beachhead south of Tiber-River evidently 
was suspended, because the withdrawal of forces was reported. 



Fleet Operations Section/Naval Staff gave a condensed report of the 
precautions passed up to now concerning operation "Tanne". The Com- 
mander in Chief, Navy agreed with them. 



Special Items: 



I. Operation "Tanne": 



1. The disposition of the Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff 
FM (Foreign Navies) concerning the Aland-Islands was sent to the 
Naval Command East, Group North/Fleet Copy as per 1 SKL 707^/44 
GKdos in War Diary Part C Volume III. 



-85- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENT IA1 
6 Mar. 19^ 

2. In answering an inquiry from 3 March the &aval Staff informs 
the Armed Forces High Command/ Oner at ions Staff of some details on 
troop transportation facilities without considering the icing situation 
and transportation on railroads. About 20,000 soldiers without heavy 
weapons and equipment could be transported within ten days. Forty- 
eight hours later 16 ships with 30,000 3RT would be available. In 
addition to that the report also contains details on naval forces, 
which had been put at the disposal to the Commander Minesweepers 3ast. 
Copy of the adequate Radiogram 1 SKI I op 70^3 fkk GKdos in War Diary 
Part C Volume III. 

3. The Naval Command Sast reports that the minelayers "BRUMMER," 
B R0LAKD, M "1112" are subordinated to the Commander Minesweepers East 
with date of 7 March after arriving at Kopenhagen. 



II. From a report of experiences on supply questions in fighting the 
enemy beachhead at Nettuno, which at present is submitted to the Armed 
Forces High Coinmand/Cperations Staff may be understood that in his 
landing areas the enemy was very sensible to gunfire. Besides this, 
the reoort is revealing the difficulties of army batteries in fighting 
targets at sea. Also by fighting the landing areas with 17cm and K5 
ammunition, both, the method of fire and the possibilities of observa- 
tion of our own ammunition proved very unsatisfactory. In air burst 
firing with 17 cm amm unition there were troubles in the inaccurancy of 
time fuses. After having fired five or six rounds for getting the 
range on 3hip targets mostly, which could not be observed, the fire 
had to be interrupted because this precious ammunition was not worth 
the effort and the ships already laid a smoke screen or went off. 
Also the coast sharply sloping down made the own observation very 
difficult. 



According to Intelligence report from reliable sources in Spain an 
authority in the British Embassy of Madrid announced that a great num- 
ber of commando raids would be started instead of one large invasion 
operation and so far as possible all at the same time. The beachheads 
being won hereby would be extended. For the rest the planning would 
be making Germany mature for victory by increasing air activities and 
attacks night by night with up to 5000 aircraft. Thus avoiding that 
the Isrge attack could be repulsed and so enabling Germany perhaps to 
follow up to Great Britain, 



-86- CONFIDEKTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
6 Mar. 19^ 

Situation 6 March 19**4 

I. War in Foreign Waters. 

1. Enemy Situation: 

The Naval Attache in Lisbon forwards a report from the Consulate in 
Madeira saying that on the morning of 26 February one enemy group con- 
sisting of a carrier and five destroyers passed south of Madeira 
steering a westerly course. 

Following a Counter Intelligence report, Swedish soldiers returning 
from America stated that from the middle to the end of February 1.2 
million BRT of tonnage are concentrated in Chesapeake Bay, which 
gradually could "be withdrawn to Great Britain for invasion purposes. 
Besides this, another 5&0 - 600,000 BRT would he concentrated in 
Albemarle Bay. 



2. Own Situation; 

BRAKE receives the following directive by radiogram 1618: 

"For protection and reconnaissance of the area around the meeting 
point the three boats, which will be supplied would be employed some 
days before 11 March. One boat stands for the meeting point and in 
its closest surroundings, both the other boats some what farther off 
to the northwestern sector seen from the meeting point. Observations 
of the boats which may threaten the meeting will immediately be trans- 
mitted to BRAKE." 

The Naval Attach! in Tokyo requests information if KIEFER has arrived 
respectively when arrival would be expected. 



II. Situation in the West Area: 

1. Enemy Situation: 

Numbers of missions made by the 15th and 19th Group could not be 
transmitted owing to interferences of communications. Six British 
vessels and one USA-war ship were located in the in-coming escort 
area. 



-87- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
6 Mai. 19^ 

2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

Off St, Nazaire one mine was swept. Three submarines entering and two 
ones leaving had been escorted. 



Channel Area: 

Towards evening the "batteries TODT and LINDEMANN fired twice surpris- 
ingly at the located enemy convoy off Dover without observing the ef- 
fect. 

Patrol positions were not occupied. Off Le Havre one mine was swept. 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters. 

North Sea: 

At 0^38 the patrol boat "1304" was sunk with torpedoes by enemy motor 
torpedo boats off Ymuiden. Among the 20 dead and 19 missing there is 
the Commanding Officer. 

The convoy 485 arrived at Den Helder and proceeded to Hook at 1900. 
Escort forces has been essentially reinforced from Den Helder. Up to 
now the convoy 1227 Hook-Elbe was carried through without incidents. 

One mine was swept north of Ter shelling and another five north of 

Hook. 

In the hours of noon penetrating and returning enemy planes were fired 
on by Naval anti aircraft artillery on the German and Dutch coast. 
The battery Vlieland East was attacked by gunfire. One USA-pilot 
being in distress was rescued by water police in the Zuider Sea. 



Norway/Northern Waters: 

1, Enemy Situation: 

At the 18th Group busy flights carried out by 35 planes were detected 
over the central and northern North Sea up to the Norwegian coast and 
in north-western direction. Reports on our own convoys as well as on 
attacks on our convoys were detected. 

-88- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
6 Mar. 1944 

According to rough evaluation the photograph from Scapa taken on the 
5 March indentified the following results: two battle-3hips of the 
DACOTA-class, two other hat tie ships type not recognizable, two auxi- 
liary aircraft carriers, four what was thought to he cruisers of unknown 
type and other details see Radiogram 1145 • 

The phot ©graphical observations of Scapa are belonging so far to the 
past (July 1943) that they are not worth comparison. It cannot be de- 
cided if the USA-battle ships are substitutes for British vessels 
probably withdrawn to the East-Asian Theater or had been newly trans- 
ferred to the West Area. However, one may assume that the enemy Fleet 
Headquarters are willing to keep a task force ready for action in the 
Northern Waters which may be suited to all tasks. The detection of 
only two auxiliary aircraft carriers contradicts the counter intel- 
ligence report from 4 March of alleged presence of eight aircraft car- 
riers. Untrustworthiness of the above mentioned agents-report would 
therewith be confirm for other details, too. 

The shipping concentration detected by air reconnaissance on the 
4 March in Loch Eve amounts to about 300,000 BRT. However, it is not 
assumed that this would be the reserve tonnage detached to the north- 
western Scottish ports but only the transit tonnage. ' Loch Eve is 
rallying point for the British coastal shipping, for the Iceland and 
the Russia-convoys and harbours parts of the Atlantic shipping for 
distribution to the British east coast and northern area. 

It may be assumed that the convoy sighted by one of our own planes on 
the 5 March 60 miles north of Cape Wrath and consisting of 30-40 
ships presumably may be the PG 31 which were to leave on searching 
Scottish Waters on the 5 March. 

According to own air reconnaissance the QP 26 was sailing in AB 8472 
at 1130 and in AB 7699 at 1400. At 0420 our own submarines reported 
the convoy in AB 8493 and at 0744 in AB 8854. Thereof f dissolution 
into at least two convoys is estimated. At 2340 an aircraft located 
one convoy in AF 1553» The convoy was reported in strength of 15 
steamers with one plane carrier and eight destroyers. 

Second phase interpretation of the photograph of Murmansk on the 
3 March indentified, that no landing craft can be assumed on deck of 
the standard freighters. These are 37 motor boats with a length of 
19 - 22 m and for the rest there was freight of other kind on deck. 

2. Own Situation: 

On the afternoon of the 5 March five enemy planes were sighted in the 
area of Petsamo and Kirkenes, 36 planes in the area of Vardoe and one 
in the area of Banak. 



-89- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
6 Mar. 19^ 

At 2000 on the b March the Norwegian steamer RIDDERFOLD (209 BRT) 
stranded in the area of the Admiral North Norwegean Coast. A.t 0730 
on the 5 March the steamer WACHTEL (920 BET) ran aground near Stad- 
landet hut could come free again hy own power* 

A.t 0030 on the 6 March two dimmed vessels, presumably motor torpedo 
boats were sighted shoving off to sea* 

On the evening of the 5 March and during the night of 5 March both 
one enemy penetration was reported into the area of Obrestad - Floroey - 
Askevcld. At 0035 the submarine-chaser a 1713" has been attacked, with 
air torpedoes by enemy plane in Skudesnes Fiord without effect. At 
16^+5 the north-convoy consisting of nine ships escorted by three mine- 
sweepers and three submarine-chasers was attacked by nine enemy planes 
with torpedoes and gunfire off Obrestad. The steamer RABE (993 BRT) 
was sunk. Casualties were caused by gunfire on board of minesweeper 
M "33. " 

Brief report of the 6lst Patrolboat Flotilla of the air raid on the 
convoy Kl on the 5 March see Radiogram 1715* 

kl ships were escorted to the North and 15 to the South. 

The Admiral North Norwegean Coast reports the following convoys during 
the month of February: 

At Polar Coast: 27 war ships, 176 merchantmen with 4l6 t 58l BRT; 

at the Northern Coast: nine warships, 299 merchantmen with 708,2^7 BRT; 

at the Western Coast: 19 warships, 231 merchantmen with 570,227 BRT. 

The fighting with submarines against the QP 26 was seriously impaired 
by effective destroyer and carrierborne air-defense. From 0300 the 
boats followed up the enemy with top speed who presumably breached the 
Submarines position untroubled and are trying to haul ahead in order 
to exploit the last possibility for attack at night. Two submarines 
sustained damage and casualties. , In AB 8571 submarine U "959" sunk 
one destroyer by Zaunkoenig-torpedo. At 132** submarine U tt 288 M repor- 
ted the firing of a stern-Zaunkoenig torpedo on another destroyer in 
AB 8611 and detonation after 14 minutes. The total result of the 
operation against QP 26 was the sinking of three destroyers and torpe- 
doing of two more destroyers. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic-Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 
1. . Enemy Situation: 



-90- CONFIDENTIAL 



COKPIDEHTIAL 

6 Mar. 19^4 

On the evening of the 6 March ten or fifteen enemy planes penetrated 
into the area of the Xieler Foerde up to Kiel-Bay and laid mines. 



2. Own Situation: 

Thirty boats and four minesweeping planes in the Baltic Sea Entrances 
and 39 "boats and seven minesweeping planes in the Baltic Sea were en- 
gaged in minesweeping. Both in the Kiel-Bay and south-west of Born- 
holm one mine was swept. 

Convoys were carried through as planned. 

At 1800 the night fighter directing ship TOGO was sailing according to 
dead reckgning off Bruesterort and the group of nettenders off Dars- 
serort. The landingcraft B "6," "35" and WF "119" arrived at Fillau. 
Four armed fishing vessels and four boats of the l?th Patrol-Doat Flo- 
tilla are proceeding from Tallin - Narva Bay. 

Situation on the Mainland. 

From Hungerburg section a quiet day was reported. In the area of the 
Army Group Narva our own protecting troops in penetration area north- 
west of Omuti were repulsed on the 5 March. In general, continuous 
west and south attacks in the penetration area of Krivasso had been 
repulsed. The enemy beachhead of Vebskuela had been wiped out. 

West of the road Golow-Pskov the enemy penetrated 1.5 km into our own 
positions attacking in regiments strength. 



V. Submarine Warfare: 

No particular reports were submitted from the Atlantic and Indian 
Ocean. 



VI. Aerial Warfare. 

West Area; 

There were busy penetrations into the occupied West Zones. Strong 
formations attacked airfields and transport installations. In the 
evening 58 enemy planes were reported in Belgium/Northern France some 
of them attacking with bombs and in Western-France 85 enemy planes 

-91- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
6 Mar. 19^4 

presumably supplying agents. Towards midnight 350 planes penetrated 
into the area south of Paris and successfully attacked the marshalling 
yard of Trappes. The attack on the airfield of Guyancourt yielded no 
results. 

Six of our own fighter bombers operated against the British South Coast. 



Reich Territory: 

During the hours of forenoon several planes penetrated into the 
Rhenian-Westfalian industrial district and via Flensburg into the area 
of Stralsund-Pommerania up to Prenzlau without attacks. Coming from 
the South, several planes flew via Fiume to Klagenfurt up to south- 
west of Knit t elf eld. 

From 1125 to 15^0 several hundred bombers with fighter escort pene- 
trated via Den Helder - Hannover into the area of Magdeburg and from 
there attacked Berlin from the South and South-West. Several fighter 
formations penetrated into the area of Berlin via the Netherlands - 
Paderborn - Halberstadt. From 1300 rallying formations continuously 
penetrated into the area of Emschede. The attack on Berlin was car- 
ried out from 1310 - 1340 in 6-7000 m altitude by 2-5/lo clouding and 
hit nearly all parts of the town. Genshagen again was attacked. In 
the vicinity of Koenigswusterhausen a closed bombing carpet was 
dropped. Following the reports up to now, 128 enemy planes were shot 
down with the losses of five of our own planes. 

During the night isolated enemy harassing planes penetrated into the 
area of Braunschweig-Zrefeld-Saarbruecken - Hannover - Stendal - 
Dortmund - Wiesbaden and Heilbronn. Krefeld was hit by four bombs. 
The railroad Lehrte-Hannover was attacked with gunfire without effect. 



Mediterranean Theater: 

In regard to unfavorable weather conditions only few operations were 
executed on the 5 March. Particular results in reconnaissance were 

not submitted on the 6 March. 



Eastern Area: 

There were ^5£ of our own and 420 enemy aircraft missions carried through 
on the Eastern Front during the 5 March. Four of our own planes were 



-92- COIfflDBNTIAL 



» 



CONFIDENTIAL 
6 Mar. 19^ 

lost and eight enemy planes were shot down. Operations of the 5th 
Air Force have "been already reported. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. 

1. Area of the Naval Group Vest: 

Enemy Situation: 

At 1020 on the 5 March Gibraltar reports nine freighters sailing in 
ballast with escort Atlantic hound. The group passed Tangers at 1630. 
At 1850 a Trench cruiser suspected to be JEAN DE VIENNE was sailing 
off Punta Carnero and proceeding from the Atlantic to the Mediterran- 
ean. 

Following the report of an agent of the German Armed Forces Intelligence 
Center Spain from 28 February one large convoy was expected to enter 
in Casablanca loaded with USA-landing troops. 

At 1400 on the 6 March Cape Spartel reported a convoy consisting of 
36 freighters and seven escorting vessels heading to the Mediterranean. 
At 1840 two aircraft carriers of unknown type entered Gibraltar from the 
Atlantic. 



Own Situation: 

Minesweeping, escort and patrol duties were cancelled owing to rough 
sea. At 1325 a telescop was sighted west of Toulon. 

The German Naval Command Italy reported, that the entire stopping of 
transfer of steamers from Italy to France seems to be unsuitable in 
regard to the transportation of war materiel. Increasing number of 
submarine-chasers is required., 

The Naval Staff informs the German Naval Command Italy, with copy to 
Group West that in no case entire suspension of transfer was planned, 
but that this only might have been a temporary stoppage and starting 
again will immediately begin when the situation will recover. 

For replacement of the Nancy-barrages being expired in February and 
March, the Group West applied for 1040 EMC* (Type of German mine) and 
as substitute for useless EMF* of the south-coast at once for another 



-93- CONFIDEITTIAL 



coir? ids ntlai 

6 Mar. 1?~ 

500 BIG*, For further replacements 1C00 SMC* will be required from 
April. Therefore the demand amounts in March to 1000, in April to 
60C, in May to 500 pieces. 

The feral Staff will distribute as required. 



2. Area of the C-errran Naval Command Italy: 

Enemy Situation: 

According to Padio Monitoring an unknown steamer reported at 0835 
sighting of telescop and at 0852 torpedoing. The radio monitoring 
service assumes a vessel from UGS 33, because the message was trans- 
mitted again by the radio station of Hinella (Yalta). However, the 
position remains unknown. 

At 09^5 our air reconnaissance detected one LCT on westerly course 31 
miles off Cagliari and at 1035 one anti aircraft cruiser, three 
freighters, four destroyers and two escort vessels west of Anzio and 
further more one destroyer or. southerly course 17 miles north-west of 
Anzio and at 1430 eight or ten merchantmen with numerous escort 
vessels six miles off the beachhead. 

In the harbor of Ortona there was no amount of shipping. 

In the air raid on the Radar location post St. Giorgio two attacking 
aircraft were shot down. 

Following Counter Intelligence report assembling of landing craft and 
ships was observed again in the harbor of Naples, 

Shortly arrived USA-Task troops expect to be embarked for presumably 
new landing operation north of Home. The Naval Staff forwarded this 
report with reservation to the C-erman Naval Command Italy. 



Own Situation: 

Owing to bad weather conditions the patrol- and escort duties were 
cancelled during the night of 5 March. Torpedoboat TA "29" was com- 
missioned in Genoa. 

At 2115 Submarine U "6l6 B is suspecting to have sunk a destroyer with 
Zaunkoenig torpedo in CJ 5952. Shortly after midnight of 6 March 
Submarine U n k07 n torpedoed the motor tanker "INS IS." 



-9**- CONFIDENTIAL 



C0NFIDENTI1L 
6 Mar. 19^ 

3. Area of the Naval Group South. 

a. Adriatic: 

Enemy Situation: 

At 00^5 three one-stack destroyers coming from south-west were sighted 
15 miles south-west of Trieste. After asking recognition signal the 
vessels turned off the shore. 

After having met British Commando Group on central Dalmatian Isles, 
increasing activity in the entire coastal area especially on the isles 
must he expected for more than usual. 



Own Situation: 
Nothing to report. 



b. Aegean. 

Enemy Situation: 

At 0500 en the 5 March one Submarine was sighted in Suda-Bay. At 
0615 one Submarine was located "by torpedoboats south of Chios. Both 
one motor sailing ship was sunk by plane off Patras and Santorin on 
the 4 March. On the afternoon of the 5 March six enemy bombers at- 
tacked Porto Lago without effecting essential damage. 



Own Situation: 

Details of the PT-boats attack on the troop-convoy at 2230 on the 
3 March off Rhodos contains the short report of the Commander 9th 
Torpedoboats Flotilla. Copy see Radiogram 1010. Torpedoboat TA 
"15" outmanoeuvred the torpedoes. Pursuits off the harbor of 
Rhodos was not possible as the enemy PT-boats ingenuously lined up 
behind the mine-barrage. 



c. Black Sea: 

Enemy Situation: 



-95- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
6 Mar. 19M+ 

At 2310 one submarine was located 60 miles south of Cape Sarich. 

At 1525 Submarine tf "24" reported 18 PT-boats steering westerly course 
60 miles south of Kerch Straits. Further observation by plane was im- 
possible owing to bad weather conditions. 



Regarding to enemy situation the traffic on Crimea-Coast was stopped 
and convoys were shifted. Immediate readiness was ordered for six 
PT-boats lying in Ivanbaba and sea-alarm was sounded for the South- 
coast of Crimea. 

During the night of 5 March the patrol position in Kerch-Straits was 
occupied with four motor minesweepers. 

Additionally was reported, that on the 1 March a naval battery des- 
troyed one enemy gun in fighting on the mainland on the Northern 
Front with 30 rounds of medium caliber ammunition. 

South of Bugatz one motor sailing ship, one tug and one lighter ran 
aground. The tug came free again. 



VIII. Situation Bast Asia; 
Nothing to report. 

******************** 

7 Mar. 1944 

Items of Political Importance: 

Nothing to report. 

Conference on the Situation with Commander in Chief. Navy. 

In a highly restricted circle: 

The Chief of Organization and Mobilization Branch reports of the dis- 
cussion with the Chief of the Secret Intelligence Section on the pro- 
posed organization referring the transfer of the secret reporting 

-96- COKFIDEKPIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
7 Mar. 19^ 

service to the Reichsfuehrer SS serving as foundation in the conclu- 
sive discussions between the latter mentioned and the Chief of the 
Armed Forces High Command - 

The Armed Forces High Command favors the proposal according to which 
the Services may have their own closed organization of military repor- 
ting service under the direction of the Armed Forces High Command, 
which will be subordinated to the Reichsfuehrer SS. The Navy was not 
participated in this plan. For the Navy its execution would mean the 
establishment of an adequate new organization. But on the contrary 
the SS is planning an united SS-organization participating only the 
qualified and required Armed Forces officials. 

But the Commander in Chief, Navy's opinion is, that the regulation 
planned by the Armed Forces High Command does not Justice to the 
thoughts of Fuehrer's directive insisting on creating of Secret Ser- 
vice. Judgment will be forwarded to the Chief of Armed Forces 
High Command Intelligence Division, Secret Intelligence Section, to 
the Armed Forces High Command/Operation Staff, with copy to the Armed 
Forces High Command/Operations Staff Navy and to the Admiral detached 
to the Fuehrer's Headquarters as follows: 

"The proposed organization was known from discussion with the Chief 
of Secret Intelligence Section, which may serve as foundation for con- 
clusive discussions between the Chief of Armed Forces High Command and 
the Reichsfuehrer SS. With regard to the subject the Navy could not 
give any judgment up to this date. The Commander in Chief, Navy' s 
opinion is, that the regulation planned by the Armed Forces High Com- 
mand does not justice to the thoughts of Fuehrer's directive insisting 
on establishing a Secret Service. 

Also in operational areas the necessary concentration of the reporting 
service is requiring its own SS organization into which the Services 
will have to build their professional groups. Commissioning and judg- 
ment of news acquisition will be advised to Armed Forces Head Quarters. 
Entire concentration of this secret reporting service in all profession- 
al groups will also be necessary in the executive offices of this or- 
ganization. While continuing the Armed Forces organizations of mili- 
tary secret reporting service complete in itself only subordinating its 
top of the Armed Forces-High Command /intelligence Division under the 
Reichsfuehrer SS does not allow the above mentioned demand on concen- 
tration of leadership and support in sufficient extent. Besides this, 
the organization planned by the Armed Forces High Command requires the 
navy's own new establishment of secret reporting service organization. 
But for this, sufficient personnel will not be available. Before con- 
clusion the Commander in Chief, Navy requests opportunity for discus- 
sing these problems with the Reichsfuehrer SS." 



-97- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
7 Mar, 19^ 

II. Army Situation: 

The Army Group Man3tein strives hard and with all its forces for stop- 
ping the further development of situation resulting from large penetra- 
tions during the last days. The situation is extremely serious. 

Defense fighting of our own troops in the area of the Central Army 
Group now has "been effective as usual. 

The opinion of the Commanding General, Army Group North reported with 
the 6 March "by the Commanding Admiral, Naval Command East referring to 
the situation on the Narva Front, has been confirmed. 

The Commander in Chief, Navy orders the directive to the Naval Command 
East for transferring destroyers to Tallin in order to carry out coast 
bombardment in Narva Bay if required. 

III. Quartermaster General. 

In event of enemy landing operations on Iberian peninsula the Group 
West received the directive for checking in how far new forming up of 
two Naval Artillery Detachments could be carried through by means of 
saved materiel and personnel from the own area. 

The Commander in Chief, Navy orders precipitation in establishing gun 
emplacements on the French west coast south of the Gironde. 

IV. Not obligatory, the Chief of Transport Branch and General Jodl 
discussed the question of creating an office named Head of Sea- 
Transportation, attached to the Naval War Staff with Armed Forces 
authority (in given case 4.Div./Naval Staff). 



Special Items: 

I. The following unterances of the First Sealord given in a report 
of the shipping situation in the Houses of Common should be very 
remarkable : 

"The total number of sunken merchantmen during the year of 19^3 comes 
out far "below to that one the greatest optimist ever dared to hope in 
the beginning of the year and comes to something more than half of the 
approximate estimate, which at that time we providently assumed. The 
last eight months average is lower than the level of 1918. Another 
example for the going down of submersions is the diminishing percent- 
age of ship losses on the main routes in the North-Atlantic and the 
losses in the coastal convoys of the United Kingdom. 



-98- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
7 Mar. 19^ 

In 19^1 from 181, in 19^2 from 233, in 19^3 from 3^4 ships one each 
was lost* 

Within the second half of the last year the losses in the convoys 
amounted to less than 1 to 1000 ships* 

Alexander stated, that the turning point occured within a few days 
after the 20 March 19^3* where operations were fought out which per- 
haps may be counted to the decisive exploits of naval history of war* 
The losses of the Merchant Navy changed at once and no one may hardly 
exaggerate the fast change* Sometimes the Germans operated against 
one convoy with up to 30 boats* The boats were pulled down so seri- 
ously that practically they had given up the Northern Atlantic for 
several months. 

Alexander declared no need of slacking, however, would have to occur 
and said that the Germans now probably would have at the least as many 
boats as in the beginning of the year 19^3 • During the first months 
of the passed year the submarines production would have made more than 
good the sinking and during the last time submarines often would have 
tried escaping from destruction in that way that they would avoid 
battle. 

The Germans commissioned a new type of acoustic torpedo and further 
developments would be estimated* Probably the most striking proof, 
that Admiral Doenitz would endeavour to operate with more boats would 
be the fact, that in operational bases even more concrete pens would 
be built* Therefore one may anticipate with evidence that Doenitz 
would try a come back. We must prepare ourselves for the fact that 
the Submarines will try to transfer their area of activity into far 
distant waters just as they do now, for example in the Indian Ocean. 

Reopening of shipping in the Mediterranean will be worth about one 
million BRT and the liberation of North-Africa in Italy yielded about 
1/2 million BRT in effective shipping tonnage* 

Up to January production of war ships in Great Britain was only a 
little less than in the past war* 

Up to the end of the year production in merchantmen surpassed essen- 
tially the total production of the last war. Today the fleet is 
stronger than ever since the breakdown of France compared with the 
naval strength of our enemy. From convoys bound for Russia 13 Brit- 
ish warships were sunk and in many a period there rose essential los- 
ses in merchantmen. 80$ of all freighters however reached their ports. 

From twelve Japanese blockade runners putting out to sea during the 

last twelve months only two reached the harbor and they too were damaged. 



-99- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDEM'IAL 
7 Mar. 19^+ 

The Navy 1 s assistance in fighting the "beachhead of Nettuno costed us 
the loss of two cruisers SPARTAN and PENELOPE, two destroyers JANtfS 
and INGLEFIELD and five larger attack vessels. The total losses of 
the Royal Navy and of the Allied European Fleet in the Mediterranean 
since the "beginning of the Sicily campaign amounted to two cruisers, 
one minelayer, ten destroyers, two submarines and ten smaller war 
ships . H 

Considering the situation of war in the Far East, Alexander declared: 

"Naturally we must, even when now directing our efforts towards fur- 
ther preparations in Europe look "beyond these events to the future 
where we will set about the Japaneses with full power. When we will 
raise for the final striking against Japan, our naval forces will be 
the corner-pillar of our entire strategy and this will come out more 
distinctly than it was perceptible in the past generations. 

II. Corresponding to the order of the Commander in Chief, Navy the 
Croup North/Fleet Naval Command East, with copy to Training Unit Fleet 
Commander Destroyers and the Gunnery Inspectorate receive the follow- 
ing directive: 

"The situation on the Narva Front may afford short-timed operations 
of naval forces operations in the Gulf of Finland in bombarding land 
targets from sea at every time. The Commander in Chief Navy desires 
that preparations, may be pushed on energetically. Report the intended 
moment of firing practices and results. Early transfer of destroyers 
to Tallin and the execution of demonstration in the Narva Bay is de- 
sirable." 

The Quartermaster General has been informed with the following 
directive: 

"In the next time the firing on land targets may be become further 
important to naval forces. Therefore, all ships of the training 
unit, the destroyers and torpedo-boats have to be equipped with all 
improvised gunnery devices required. Carry through theoretical in- 
structions. Provide firing practice in all bounds." 

III. Concerning: Reinforcements of forces of the Commanding Admiral 
Defences East. 

Strong minelaying in the western Baltic Sea carried out by enemy planes 
in the beginning of February showed the necessity of reinforcing naval 
forces of the Commanding Admiral Defenses East. Four boats of the 5th 
Coast Patrol Force and four boats of the Admiral Arctic Coast having 
already been disposed to the Commanding Admiral Defenses East and the 



-100- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
7 Mar. 19^4 

1st Mine8veeping Flotilla has been transferred to the Gulf of Finland 
there exist now no possibilities to withdraw more forces from other 
areas, if the tasks will exist which had to be accomplished up to 
now. - Therefore it has been examined what results may raise in event 
of withdrawal of one Minesweeping Flotilla from 

A. Commanding Admiral Defenses North 

B. Commanding Admiral Defenses West 

Referring to A. Further reduction of naval forces of the Command- 
ing Admiral Defences North with one minesweeping flotilla may only be 
possible with charge to the Rotterdam shipping. 

Amount of traffic: 

Weeklys average 19*4-3: 3| convoys - 19 ships - 41,000 BRT 

Weeklys average February 1944: 2J- convoys - 15 ships - 32,400 BRT 

With restriction respectively ceasing of this traffic the follow- 
ing set backs will occur: 

1. Referring to judgment of the Reich Commissioner for Mari- 
time Shipping: 

a. The cession on Rotterdam and therewith on a port with 
highly efficient facilities of transshipment for mass products which 
at the same time is discharging the railway remarkably with its con- 
nection to a widely branched network of inland waterways. This ces- 
sion would result important set backs to the whole transportation, 
the effects of which could not escape notice up to the details. 

b. In event of the breakdown of German ports in the North 
Sea by minelaying operations respectively air raids, Rotterdam would 
cease to be a safety valve for shipping. 

2. Referring to report of the Commanding Admiral Defences North: 

a. As at this time Rotterdam shipping means discharge of 
traffic in the inner Heligoland-Bay suspension of this shipping would 
make transfer the focus of enemy minelaying operation and air activity 
into the Heligoland Bay which there would adequately afford much 
higher amount of forces, 

b. Interruption of channel supervision to the Netherlands 
would shortly lead to entire blocking of these channels. Short-timed 
preparations are said to be as good as hopeless. Therewith, the fol- 
lowing military tasks become particularly difficult: 



-101- COHFIDKNTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
7 Mar. 19^ 

The transfer of destroyers, torpedo-boats, supply 
ships as well as transports to the West in event of enemy landing 
operations and the execution of planned minelaying operations in the 
south-west fortifications and off the Dutch coast. 

c. The withdrawal of one mine sweeping flotilla means 
cession to powerful vessels off the Dutch coast threatened "by landing 
operations, 



Jo 



Referring to B: 

In case that withdrawal of one minesweeping flotilla turns out to 
he indispensable, the Group West would propose the following: 

1. Detailing of the 26th Minesweeping Flotilla (eight modern 
minesweepers) (Loire) or 

2. A- group of the *K)th Minesweeping Flotilla (six trawlers) 
(Brest). 



Referring to 1: The minesweepers employed at this time with sub- 
marine escorts to far distant points must be replaced by trawlers. 
Restrictions would be inevitable to mine controlling off ports and on 
outer routes and coastal channels as well as to blockings of outer 
routes in event that AT-mines* would appear. Coincident execution of 
submarine escorts and precious Channel convoys would not be possible 
any more. The detailed boats will be obmitted as mine carriers for 
Blitz-barrages as well as for fighting operations in event of landing 
operation. 

Referring to 2: The detailing of trawlers means restriction of 
mine control off Brest, Lorient and on the channels north-east and 
south of Brest as well as lack of escort vessels for Submarine open 
water escorts. 

In case of threatening landing operations several patrol posi- 
tions could not be occupied." 

In case that refief of mining situation in the Baltic would 
not occur, there must be decided: 

"If the upsets in sea shipping and training activity which 
occured in the beginning of February would be so serious and long 
lasting that the reported important disadvantages referring to A. and 
B, would be taken into consideration. 



-102- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
7 Mar. 19^ 

The present situation is still allowing to cancel this deci- 
sion which at any rate would rise essential disadvantages." 

IV. Concerning Operation "Tanne:" 

1. Within the framework of preparations for the employment of 
task- force, the Naval Staff informs the Naval Command East, Group 
North/Fleet that referring to War Diary of the Naval Staff the anchor- 
age of the Baltic Fleet on 23 September 19^1 was Foegloef jaerd. 

2. Referring to "battery disposition the Admiral Netherlands 
reports: 

"The time required for transfer of Dishoek "battery until embarkation 
amounts to 14 days from issuing keyword. Earliest date of embarka- 
tion will be 31 March owing to obtaining of bed plate parts. 

The Dishoek battery is one of the few batteries in which embrasur con- 
struction has been completed and the battery is ready for action with 
loopholes. Therefore withdrawal is undesirable also in regard to 
moral reactions. As substitute, battery Sluis is proposed, which in 
regard to caliber is but less strong, but as these are field guns, is 
immediately ready for action in operational areas. Insufficient direc- 
tion only depends on limited space in loopehole construction. This 
advantage will cease in open bedplate construction. In case that sub- 
stitute by 12 cm battery may not be bearable, one may suggest taking 
the Scheveningen-North battery which is still not emplaced and which 
in contrary to Dishoek-battery has the advantage of splinter-proof 
protection. In both the cases the time required from key-word issue 
will be eleven days and no restriction by manufacture. Owing to order- 
ing with bedplates and because the bedplates of Scheveningen North 
will be fastened with concrete from 8 March, early decision is requested." 

The Naval Staff decides: 

Agree with reasons. Cancel Dishoek and therefore detail Scheveningen- 
North, Again reference to the fact that the battery has to be detailed 
with personnel, entire equipment and troop air defense." 

3. Referring to disposition of battery the Naval Command Norway 
reports in answer of relavent proposal of Quartermaster General: 

"Agree with Droebak and Randoe battery. Instead of Bolaerne we propose 
Selvenes Battery plus one gun. Time required presumably three weeks 
excepting the stay boltes, the production time of which in Norway is to 
be reported later on. We indicate that Droebak and Randoe consist only 
of three guns." 



-103- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
7 Mar. 19^- 

The Naval Staff decides: 

"Agree with Proposal. Dismount "batteries immediately and concentrate 
them in Oslo. Be ready for call. Reduce time required in essential 
manner as matter is very urgent. Press urgently obtaining of ,stay 
boltes. Report en the execution," 

V, On 5 March the Armed Forces High Command Operations Staff /Foreign 
Affairs Section issued the following directive to the Chief of Opera- 
tions Div, /Naval Staff and the Chief of Air Force Operations Staff: 

"Following numerous Counter Intelligence reports the enemy seems to 
concentrate tonnage and landing-craft space in the north-eastern 
Scottish ports and hays at present. Up to now no confirmations were 
submitted to reports on train restrictions and forming-up movements 
in Scotland, But, however, it may he possible that in connection with 
the situation in Finland the enemy may plan operations against the 
Norwegian coast. Now, it depends on the examination of these counter 
intelligence reports by air and naval reconnaissance especially in 
surveying and checking the area of the north-eastern Scottish ports 
from Firth of Forth up to inclusive Shetlands," 

Concerning this the laval Staff reports: 

"Reconnaissance operations reported in reference will not be solved 
with naval forces, 

1. Regarding to enemy superiority, possibilities for actions with 
surface forces not given, 

2. Occasionally Submarines may but get precious reports in pro- 
ceeding through the North Sea and the Approaches of the Atlantic but 
principally are not suited for reconnaissance tasks as 

a. the single boat only has little horizon. For at least 

spotting a certain area to some extent the employment of a very great 
number of boats would be necessary. 

b. If in action for reconnaissance tasks the boats will prac- 
tically be missed in landing defense operations, as they can not 
reach the threatened area in time, 

c. Placing the boats off and with visibility into enemy naval 
bases and ports will be impossible, owing to enemy sea and air super- 
vision and minelaying," 

Submarine Division, Group North/Fleet, Air Force Operations Staff For- 
eign Affairs Section, Armed Forces High Command/ Intelligence Division 



-104- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
7 Mar. 19^ 

Secret Intelligence Section, Army High Command/General Staff of the 
Army/Foreign Armies West will be informed with the above mentioned ex- 
change of radiograms with reference to the special importance to fast 
transmission of all reconnaissance results indicating to enemy plans 
of landing. 

"VI. With the following radiogram the Naval Staff informs the Armed Forces 
High Command/Operations Staff Navy, Commander in Chief, Air Operations 
Staff Naval Liaison and the Army High Command/General Staff of the 
Army Naval Signal Officer of the appearance of enemy PT-boats off AK 
Metschet and of the .Judgment on the situation resulting therewith: 

"The Admiral Black Sea reports the appearance of PT-bosts at 0900 on 
the 7 March off the port entrance of AK Metschet and the loss of the 
Crimea supply steamer CHARLOTTE (1591 BRT) at 0625 on the 7 March 50 
miles west-north-west of Sevastopol by explosion (mine?). Connected 
with yesterday's Submarine sighting of 18 PT-boats south of Kerch- 
peninsula the possibility is offered that enemy operations may except 
serving the transfer of PT boats to Skadovsk respectively to Horly 
(west of Perekop), also simultaneously mean attacking our convoys and 
minelaying on our supply channels to Crimea. If both the ports would 
become operational bases for enemy PT-boats Crimea supply would be 
threatened seriously. Therefore the Admiral Black Sea demanded for 
strongest air reconnaissance by the 1st Air Corps as soon as weather 
conditions will permit. All the Crimea coast was sounded sea alarm. 

VII. On 15 January 19^ Captain Prince of Borghese submitted a memor- 
ial to the Commanding Admiral of the German Naval Command Italy, con- 
cerning the possibilities of operations with the 10th MAS-Flotilla in 
consideration of all materiel available and of the strategic situation 
in the Mediterranean. 

The Copy of the memorial, which in every way remains in the boundary 
of given possibilities was forwarded by the Naval Staff to the Group 
North/Fleet, Naval Operations Department. 

Copy as per 1 SKL 648/^44 GKdos Chefsache in War Diary Part C Volume 
XIII. 

VIII. In presence of the Commander in Chief, Navy, discussion was held 
with Armament Departments on remote controlled rockets for naval war. 
The Naval Armament Department has the opinion that researches and experi- 
ments in this direction must be carried out in spite of long time of 
development being needed under certain circumstances in order to re- 
cognize whether the way now taken would be practicable or not. 

The Commander in Chief, Navy pointed out that first need must be to 
reactivate sea warfare in shortest time. But this will only be 



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CONFIDENTIAL 
7 Mar. 19^ 

possible with help of the new Submarines and the production of which 
does not "be delayed. The Commander in Chief, Navy decides that re- 
searches and experiments will he executed in the proposed boundary. 



Situation 7 March 1944. 

I, War in Foreign Waters. 

Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 

Own Situation; 

The Naval Attache" Tokyo was informed that some days ago "XIEFER" had 
reported presumable arriving at Western Prance on 11 March. 

In answer to a relavent inquiry, the Naval Attache* Tokyo reported 
that the Japanese Navy will agree with announcements on blockade run- 
ners to the press but requests that thereby details of loading places 
of blockade runners, their supply and the co-operation of the Japanese 
Navy will not be mentioned, Relavent information was forwarded to 
Administrative Staff. 



II. Situation in West Area^ 

Enemy Situation: 

The Admiralty announced the loss of the cruiser PENELOPE. Position 
of loss, off Nettuno. 

?ifty-nine planes have been detected in operation over the Biscay- 
Bay. Seven British vessels have been detected in the in-coming es- 
cort area. According to statements of the Security Service the enemy 
is dropping agents, arms, ammunition and high explosives in not yet 
known extent in Prance since the beginning of March. 

Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

At 0855 minesweeper M n 5*K)5" was attacked with bombs and gunfire by 
a Mosquito plane off the approach of La Pall ice and had to be beached 
near lie de Re'. Afterwards, the boat sunk. 

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CONFIDENTIAL 
7 Mar. 19^ 

In Ifentes the new construction OSTERWIEK (600 tons) caught fire after 
explosion. The fire was extinguished. Cause not yet identified. 

Three outgoing Submarines and two incoming Submarines had been 
escorted. 

Channel Area: 

Owing to moonshine, patrol positions were not occupied. For the same 
reason mine sweeping was cancelled. 

III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters, 

North Sea: 

Prom 0110 to 0135 the patrol position n E0M n and harbor defense "boats 
off the entrance of Ymuiden were attacked by six or ten enemy PT- 
boats. Hereby in total two attacking boats have been sunk definitely, 
one is thought to be and three further boats have been damaged. Par- 
tially, our own forces suffered high casualties. One Of the harbor 
defense boats was slightly damaged. 

The mine exploding vessel "10" which was seriously damaged in striking 
a mine on 6 March sunk off Norderney at 1110. Off Borkum one mine was 
swept. 

Pour convoys with 44,000 BET have been carried through in Zealand 
Waters and Zuider Zea. 

Norway /Northern Waters. 

Enemy Situation: 

At the 18th Group 24 planes were detected. At 1027 contact with Qu 
P 26 broke off definitely in AP 1764. Now, the convoy is approaching 
the very air-threatened areas between Iceland and the Shetlands. 

Air reconnaissance carried out for spotting ship anchorages off the 
Kast coast of Iceland brought no new identifications. Owing to weather 
conditions photographic reconnaissance yielded no result. 

In the afternoon, one tanker respectively one steamer was reported on 
westerly course north and NNE of the Shetlands. 

Own Situation: 

On the forenoon of 5 March artillery duel took place in the area of 
Petsamo. At 1620 on the 6 March one vessel what was thought to be a 



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CONFIDENTIAL 
7 Mar. 19^ 

submarine turning off to the West was sighted north of Bessacker, On 
7 March newly suspected PT-boats were reported in AF 85^3 • In Folda- 
fiord outlet one of our south-bound convoys was attacked "by enemy sub- 
marine at 1120* Thereby the steamer LIPPE (8,3*K) BUT) was torpedoed 
and had to be beached. 

During the air torpedo attack on the 6 March serious casualties were 
sustained on board the steamer "BABE" and damages on material were in- 
flicted on board of the escort vessels. 

At 0600 the Submarine operations against Qu P 26 were suspended. 
Prom 1000 the K-group was returned to normal readiness. 

Submarines will advance to new positions between AB 765^ and AF 2248 
on the line Jan Mayen - Bodoe, 

Three boats are going to return. 

The Submarine Division approves the proposal of the Naval Command Nor- 
way which is planning to send out own Submarines of the Central group 
against enemy submarines operating in the area of skerries of the Nor- 
wegian coast and releases at present two submarines for this kind of 
operation. Adequate directive see Radiogram 1500, 



IV. Skagerrak, Baltic Sea Entrances, Baltic Sea 

Enemy Situation:' 
Nothing special to report. 

Own Situation: 

Thirty boats in the Baltic Sea Entrances and 3^ boats and six mine- 
sweeping planes in the Baltic Sea were engaged in minesweeping. 

Escort duties have been carried out as planned and were only delayed 
in Baltic Sea Entrances owing to foggy weather. 

Pour armed fishing vessels of the 31st Minesweeping Flotilla operated 
in escort duties between Aseri and Tyters, 

'♦TOGO" arrived at Tallin, 

At 1800 the mine carrier "BHEIN 11 and AF "32, » "35," "46-50" were in 
passage from Libau - Tallin, Landing craft AF "29," "30-31" were ly- 
ing in Libau and AP "37" in Stettin, Owing to bad weather AF "2," 
«5,« " 9 rt_»4 9 n did not left Gotenhafen. 

-108- CONFIDENTIAL 



% 



CONFIDENTIAL 
7 Mar, 19^ 

Landingcraft B "6," "35" and WF "119" are lying in Pillau. According 
to dead-reckoning the net tender group was sailing off Stolpmuende at 
1800. 

The Narva-Bay patrol was carried out "by four boats of the 17th Patrol- 
boat Flotilla, one "boat of the 1st 'Minesweeping Flotilla and four armed 
fishing vessels of the 31st Minesweeping Flotilla. Continuous attacks 
with bombs and gunfire against these naval forces were executed. Cas- 
ualties were sustained, one patrol boat sprang a leak and had to be 
beached and abandoned later on owing to oil fire. Two attacking planes 
were shot down. 

On the afternoon of the 6 March Kottka has been repeatedly attacked by 
strong enemy air forces, ten of the attacking planes were shot down. 

Concerning the situation on the mainland from 6 February (?) the Ad- 
miral Baltic Countries reported of fierce defense battle southwest of 
Narva and of closing of the front gap near Gorodenka as well as with- 
drawal of our own positions west of Poruni. Owing to lack of forces 
the front-gap near Putkin, which was pushed open by heavily advancing 
enemies has not "been closed yet. Fierce fighting is going on for the 
possession of Putkin. Hard defense struggles are carried out north- 
west of Krivasso against the enemy which is supported by tanks. Ar- 
tillery fire getting the range and enemy movements pretend an attack 
on our own ^bridgehead west of Narva as imminent. From Hungerburg 
section gunfire and enemy grenade thrower activity was reported. 



V. Submarine Warfare. 

Enemy Situation: 

Following Radio Monitoring one convoy coming from the USA was sailing 
on the 1 March at 0903 in the area 40° West. At the same day a con- 
voy also coming from the USA was sailing at 1606 east of k0° West. 
From 3 March at 1501 respectively 1213 both the convoys received mes- 
sage to change their ports of destination respectively unloading ports 
for those ships which were Bristol Channel bound. It is assumed that 
these were the convoys H X 280 A and 280. 

At 1355 on the 7 March one Azores-plane reported its position above 
a Submarine. 

Own Situation: 

The Group "Preussen" consisting of 15 "boats occupied new operational 
areas between the degrees of latitude from Al 1590 and 8750. 



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7 Mar. 19^4 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Submarine U "333 rt was sent to the North channel as operational area. 
Submarine U "178" is sent to JJ 4185 for meeting the U-Jt "22 tt on the 
11 March in order to change over the wireless device* From the Indian 
Ocean no reports submitted. 



VI, Aerial Warfare. 

West Area: 

During the day several hundred twin-engined bombers with fighter es- 
cort penetrated into the Netherlands, Belgium and Northern France. 
Reports of attacks had not yet come in. Also in Western France busy 
flights with attack on Conches airfield was reported. In the after- 
noon-hours 60 Fortresses with fighter escort coming from the South 
penetrated into the area of Marseille and Toulon and dropped numerous 
high explosives on the harbor of Toulon. Two Fortresses and two 
fighters were shot down. Also, during the night of 7 March 30 enemy 
aircraft penetrated into the area of Marseille, Avignon, Montpellier. 
Attacks have not yet been reported. Coming from the West 100 enemy 
planes penetrated into the area of Caen, Avranches, Carentan where 
the marshalling yard and airfield of Le Mans have been attacked. 
Damages see situation of the day. 

Reich Territory: 

During the day no enemy penetrations had been reported. 

On the day- raid on Berlin on 6 March, 463 of out own fighters and 
intercepter planes were in operation. One hundred and twenty-eight 
planes were definitely and twelve ones probably shot down paid with 
the losses of 37 own planes. From 128 planes reported to be defi- 
nitely shot down, 108 were four-engined planes. 

During the night isolated intercepter planes were reported penetrating 
into the Rhenian-Westfalian area of industry, three reconnaissance 
planes in the northwest area and one Mosquito plane via the western 
Baltic up to Stralsund and flying back via Berlin-Stendal. 

Mediterranean Theater: 

On 6 March enemy fighting activity in the area of the beachhead rose 
again as well as in the area of Rome and Viterbo. There were 450 planes 
in operation. In the Aegean six Marauder planes attacked the isle of 
Thyra and thereby lost four planes which were shot down. 

Owing to bad weather conditions our own reconnaissance from Algiers 
to Oran was suspended on 7 March. At 1918 a convoy consisting of 32 
steamers and four escort vessels were detected west of Oran steering 

ESE. 

-110- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
7 Mar. 19^ 

Eastern Area: 

Six hundred and forty six own and 476 enemy missions were counted on 
the Eastern Front on 6 March, 

Five of our own planes were lost. Thirty one enemy planes were shot 
down. Operations of the 5th Air Force were already reported. Busy 
routine enemy flights were reported from the Norwegian coasts. Off 
Lister one enemy plane was shot down hy antiaircraft artillery. 



VIII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. 



1. Area of the Naval Group West . 

Enemy Situation: 

A convoy consisting of 32 ships passed Europe point at 20^5 on the 
6 March steering to the Mediterranean. Two auxiliary carriers, eight 
freighters and one tanker arrived at Gibraltar. At 1700 on the 7 March 
a convoy consisting of 60 freighters and 18 tankers sailing West were 
reported to he off Punta Carnero steering a westerly course. 

Own Situation: 

The air raid on Toulon harbor inflicted no damage on Submarines and 
Submarine base. Fort La Malgue was hit by ten bombs. In the ship- 
yard important damage was caused. The cruiser MAESSEILLAISE, the 
torpedo cruiser INDOMPTABLE, destroyer ,, GEHFAUT W have been sunk, four 
battleships, one cruiser and four destroyers and one tanker have been 
seriously damaged. The town was well covered with artificial smoke 
screen. 

2. Area of the German Baval Command Italy. 

Enemv Situation: 

According to Radio Monitoring one USA-Mediterranean convoy probably 
Naples-bound stood for the area off Bizerta-Sicily during the night 
of 6 March. Our air reconnaissance at the landing area south cf the 
Tiber was curtailed due to weather conditions. No special identifi- 
cations were spotted by reconnaissance of the coastal forward areas. 
At 1^35 two submerged submarines were sailing ten miles north-west of 
Pantelleria. 

Own Situation: 



-111- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
7 Mar, 19^ 

During the 6 March debarkations in Nettunia have "been fired on by our 
own artillery. The minelayer KEHRWIEDER and one naval landing craft 
left Spezia for minelaying operation. 

The Admiral Adriatic disposed torpedoboat TA "20" to the German Naval 
Command Italy, 

Submarine U B 596" reported misfire on GUILIO CESARE in CK 7^18. It 
had not yet "been ascertained if that was the battleship or the steamer 
of the same name, 

3, Area of the Naval Group South, 

a, Adriatic: 

The harbormaster of Split reports fightings with Partisans on Brae. 
Torpedoboat TA "20" has been transferred from Trieste to Venice, 
From a wireless message of the Admiral Adriatic was understood that 
from the 6 March three motor minesweepers in Pola are lying ready for 
going out to the South, Aegean bound. In case of favorable weather 
conditions departure is planned for 6 March at 1700 from Pda, Pro- 
ceeding during the night up to the area of Trogir and in the follow- 
ing nights execution of minesweeping operation between the Dalmatian 
Isles, After that proceeding to Cattaro, After dawn sailing on 
coastal channels to the South through Otranto Straits to the Aegean, 



Enemy Situation: 

According to Counter Intelligence reports from the beginning of Feb- 
ruary the French battleship RICHELIEU still was detected in the Medi- 
terranean in January, but, however, in the middle of February she was 
no more found in the eastern Mediterranean or African waters, so that 
her going off through Suez-Canal was assumed, A counter intelligence 
source in Beirut reported that some times ago LORRAINE has left Alex- 
andria bound for another port in the Mediterranean, 

Own Situation: 

During the enemy air raid on Pigadia (Scarpantos) two of our Arado 
plane 8 were shot afire and a third one has been damaged. 

At 00*1-5 on the 7 March the three mines were laid by plane off the 
pier head of Syra, 

The Group South reports: 



-112- CONFIDENTIAL 



con? identic:, 

7 Mar. 19^ 

"The failure of air reconnaissance in the area of the eastern Mediter- 
ranean which was assigned to the Group South as operational area as 
well as the failure of sufficient agent reports from the Near-East and 
Egypt made rise far extending vagueness on enemy convoy shipping, es- 
pecially from and to Suez. Supposing that submarines will he sent out 
on convoy channels in the area of Nil-Delta - Bengasi after stopping 
of deliveries from Great Britain to Turkey, it was therefore requested 
and inspired to transmit all sightings of our own Submarines in this 
area to the Group and to use their passage to and from for reconnais- 
sance purposes. 

The Quartermaster General requests information from the Army High 
Command, the Head of Army Armaments and the Commander Replace Army if 
the army could place at disposal 20 large assault boats as the high 
losses of ships in the Aegean proved the heavy danger for large ves- 
sels in action. 

c. Black Sea: 

Enemy Situation: 

Both, one submarine was located SSW of Cape Sarych respectively 60 
miles WNW of Sevastopol. The group of 18 PT-boats reported by Sub- 
marine U n 2b n could not be detected by radio monitoring and air re- 
connaissance. At 0900 one PT-boat tried to penetrate into the har- 
bor of AK Mechet. The boat was met by naval landing craft and forced 
to surrender after short engagement. But in towing it into the har- 
bor, she sunk. In connection with that fact the probability rises 
that the group of PT-boats reported on the 6 March may have tried to 
break through to Skadovsk respectively Ghorla. 

This supposition was confirmed by first inquiry of the prisoners of 
the PT-boats. The anihilated boat lost contact with the group during 
the night. 

Own Situation: 

The planned operation of the 1st PT-boat Flotilla against returning 
boats of the enemy PT-boat group could not be carried through owing 
to bad weather conditions. The PT-boats are lying in immediate readi- 
ness. At 0625 the steamer CHARLOTTE probably struck one of our own 
mines in passage from Constantsa - Sevastopol and sunk. The crew was 
rescued up to one man still missing. During the night of 7 March the 
patrol line in Kerch-Straits was occupied with three naval landing 
craft. In forenoon Submarine U "19" entered Constantsa. 

The towing convoy Sevastopol-Odessa was delayed owing to bad weather 
conditions. On the morning of the 7 March eleven naval landing craft 
coming from Odessa entered AK Metschet. 



-II3- CONFIDENTIAL 



CQSTIDEBTIAL 
7 Mar. 19^ 

In the afternoon twelve naval landing craft left AK Metschet Odessa- 
hound, "but did not take any furlough er on hoard regarding to eneny 
situation* 



Till. Situation East Asia: 
Nothing to report. 



******************** 



-114- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
8 Mar, 19^ 

Items of Political Importance. 

The alleged utterance of the Russian ambassador in Angara rose to great 
interest saying that Moscow would be not interested in Turkey entering 
the war. The journalistic treatment of the Anglo-Saxon relations in 
the Russian press indicates to the same direction. Evidently the Rus- 
sians are taking it more valuable that the Anglo-Saxons are standing 
off from the Balkans and that the Dardanelles remain closed for Allied 
ships than Turkish war assistance against Germany. A Russian military 
mission headed by a general arrived at Jugoslavia and took up contact 
with Tito. 

Following the Daily Mail, the USA conjointly with Great Britain will 
intend to undertake diplomatic steps for restoring Allied prestige in 
South America. Economic and sea blockade of Argentina would be taken 
into consideration. 

At present Turkey and Argentina are the diplomatic weak positions of 
our enemies. The first of them will be of direct importance for us 
because it will prevent an acute increasing of pressure in the South- 
East. But the Argentinian question will practically hardly obtain 
any effects for us. Its value to us will be at present in the atmos- 
phere of prestige, unless the Americans would get induced themselves 
to operate in large scale military style. But this would practically 
be a measure which to the least would have to be effected against the 
British who to their part will dispute them the total influence in 
South America just the same as before. 

But, at any rate both the cases Turkey and Argentina are showing how 
the proper interests of the Allies are partially going in a thorough 
muddle and against one another. Further examples for this will be 
offered by the Polish and especially by the Finnish question. Espe- 
cially in regarding the latter, one will have to take into account 
that Finland to farther view will be interested to take up position 
in right time within the anti-Russian front from tomorrow for the 
future and inevitable British-Russian discussions unless she would be 
involved in the consequences of an alleged German defeat. From this 
it could be explained that even Mannerheim would strive to come off 
the connection with us as for this could be done in a to some what 
bearable manner. But for the last the Russian would cut himself into 
his own flesh if he would open this possibility by granting suitable 
conditio? 3. 

The Naval Attache of Helsinki reports on the situation in Finland, that 
the Finnish memorandum for Moscow was transmitted for transfer to the 
Swedish Government. But this rose doubts that Moscow would take the 
answer as refusal and returned the communique to Helsinki. Concerning 
to further development there was assumed that if Ryti and Mannerheim 



-II5- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
8 Mar. 19^ 

and perhaps Tanner also would agree about a mode the Reichstag and the 
publicity will also follow. 

Following a report of the Military Attache at Stockholm leading Swedish 
military sources share the view that the Russians would intend to stir 
up strive between Germans and Finns with the demand of interning the 
German troops. Conditions would be inacceptable. After all, the Rus- 
sians would have made difficult the establishment of agreement for 
example by publication of their conditions. And furthermore the Mili- 
tary Attach! of Stockholm reports of thoughts of the USA-Military 
Attache" who now as ever imputes to the Russians their following up the 
aim of world revolution. 

The Weakening of Germany and of the Anglo-Saxons therefore would be in 
their interest. Therefore the Allies would be in no haste with the in- 
vasion. Detailed repetition of this report from the Military Attache 
in Stockholm as per 1 SKL 0307/^ - Geheim in War Diary Part C Volume 
III. 



The Commander in Chief, Navy, takes part on armament discussions in 
Berlin. 



Conference on the Situation with the Commander in Chief. Navy, at 1730 

I, The Quartermaster General reports that 7000 m of fuel had been dis- 
posed for Fleet's exercises. 

Tests of with underwater floats of 90 tons will be started in the be- 
ginning of April and corresponding tests will follow with 300 tons-floats 
in the 2nd half of May, 



II. Army Situation: 

The big battle on the southern part of the Eastern Front against the 
Bug-position is lasting on with unabated violence. The enemy is ad- 
vancing unhindered through the a *fO km wide gap east of Tarnopol and 
compelles our own divisions to take up hedgehog positions. Our own 
counter attack at Tarnopol could not reach its aim. The enemy thrust 
is aiming to Sereth, The Headquarters of General Fieldmarshal v, Man- 
stein were withdrawn to Lemberg, The gap between the Army Group South 
and the Central Army Group augmented to 200 km. 

The battle on the track Smolensk - Orsha is developing to lasting 
defense success of the Central Army Group. 



-116- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
8 Mar. 19^ 

The enemy pressure against the Panther positions in the area of the 
Army Group North is lasting on. Situation is improved. 

After long time active actions in the Kandalaksha section are seen on 
the Finnish Front, evidently being in connection with the political 
development • 

Own forces are advanced from the North for reinforcement. 

From one of our own Front-section in the landing area the Division 
Hermann G-oering has been withdrawn. Other groups will equally be 
regrouped for reorganization. 

Evident weak moment of Tito forces in the Balkans cannot be used owing 
to lack of own troops. 



Special Items 

I. Concerning Operation "Tanne": 

1. On the 7/8 March the Captain (Navy) Sieve appointed as Chief 
of Staff to the Admiral Baltic Countries reported himself to the Opera- 
tions Div. /Naval Staff. As result of these discussions the operations 
Div. /Naval Staff transmits the following to the Quartermaster Division: 

■1. The Captain (Navy) Rieve reported on the 7/8 March to the 
Operations Div. /Naval Staff that the disposition of twelve naval land- 
ing craft of the 12th Landing Flotilla are not sufficient for the opera- 
tion Tanne. On the contrary it is rather necessary that for that task 
the whole 13th Landing Flotilla will be placed at disposal in order that 
the landing vessels and smaller boats belonging to the Flotilla could 
also be used of. 

2. Regarding these discussions the Officer Personnel Department 
was requested to complete the appointment of the Captain Rieve in so far 
that Rieve will for the present and on a subsidiary basis remain Comman- 
der of the 1st Landing Division, as the Naval Command Baltic is planning 
to charge the 1st Landing Flotilla with the preparations for the task 
"Tanne". 

3» Further arrangements concerning the participation of the 
entire 13th Landing-Flotilla will be ordered by Captain (Navy) Rieve 
in consultation with the Admiral Landingcraft and Bases. " 



-117- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
8 Mar. 1944 

2. The Group West, Admiral Landingcraft and Bases, Naval Command 
Baltic Sea, Group North/Fleet, 1st Landing Division receive the fol- 
lowing directive: 

n l. For special tasks of the 1st Landing Division temporary 
operations of the 21st Landing Flotilla will "be planned in the Baltic 

Sea, 

2, Confirm Immediately to the Group West that no doubts would 
raise against the withdrawal of the 21st Landing-Flotilla because the 
laying of Tschechen-Hedgehog (mine barrage) cannot be done with naval 
landing craft. 

3. In event that the Group will not raise any doubts the Ad- 
miral Landingcraft and Bases has to detail the 21st Landing Flotilla 
immediately to Stral3und. 

Appendix for Admiral Landingcraft and Bases. 

Instructions may go on as before, after transfer of 21st 
Landing Flotilla. 

The Quartermaster Division will be informed with the fol- 
lowing appendix: 

"Transfer of the 21st Landing-Flotilla is necessary be- 
cause the 13th Landing Flotilla is required for the operation "Tanne" 
and the 21st Landing Flotilla has to take over the trainings tasks. 



II. A.fter report to the Commander in Chief, Navy, Quartermaster Divi- 
sion orders the use of the cruiser HIPPER: 

"Referring to the decision of the Operations Div. /Naval Staff with 
given restrictions the cruiser "HIPPER" is provided for front actions 
in the Baltic Sea until 1st Novemb'er. Subordination under Commander 
Trainings Unit Fleet. The use of "HIPPER" for midshipmen will only be 
allowed in the bounds of the usual numbers for ships of the Fleet re- 
ferring to consultation by phone of the Fleet Branch, Quartermaster 
Division with the Training Unit Fleet. The decision of the use of the 
cruiser from 1 November will follow in early time." 



Situation 8 March 1944 

I. War in Foreign Waters. 



-118- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
8 Mar. 19^ 

Nothing to report* 



II. Situation in the West Area: 

1, Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group one, at the 19th Group 39 and at the Azores-Squadrons 
five planes were detected being in mission. In the in-coming escort 
area four British vessels were located. 



2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

In total 14 mines were swept off the ports of the western coast. Three 
leaving and two entering Submarine s were escorted. 



Channel Area: 

Owing to stormy weather and clear moon night the patrol positions were 
not occupied. Danish ships in tow on the Seine were attacked with gun- 
fire "by enemy plane. Fire damage was inflicted. 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters. 

North Sea: 

Owing to bad weather minesweeping and escort duties were partially 
cancelled. North of Juist one mine was swept. 

The convoy 1229 Hook-351be consisting of seven steamers put to sea. 

The 9th motor minesweeper Flotilla transfers from Hook to Wilhelmshaven. 

Norway. Northern Waters, 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 18th Group 22 planes were detected being in operation. In 
the afternoon air reconnaissance was extended towards the south-west 

-II9- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 



8 Mar. 19^ 



coast of Norway and towards the Danish coast and in the evening it 
was directed to the North-Fiord. 



2. Own Situation; 

On the 7 March the following was reported: Penetration of eleven 
planes into the area of Petsamo and of one plane into the area of Banak, 
at 1725 air torpedo attack of two planes on the patrol boat "6115" 
northwest of Vardoe without effect. 

Action "brief report of the 61 st Patrol Boat-Flotilla see Radiogram 2205* 

The steamer "LIPPE" torpedoed "by submarine and beached in Folda Fiord 
afterwards broke into two. On the 7 March and during the night of 
7 March isolated enemy planes penetrated into the area of Bergen- 
Ohrestad - Korsfiord and Eggeroey. 

Twenty-nine northbound and 31 southbound ships were escorted. 

The Commander Submarines Norway submitted the conclusive summary con- 
cerning the fighting of the OP 26 from 4-7 March and also final con- 
clusions on the fighting of PQ 30, OP 26. Copies as per 1 SKL 7261 
respectively 73^4/^4- Most Geheim in War Diary Part C Volume Ha. 

In these final conclusions the Commander Submarines Norway comes to 
the result, that the non-satisfying issues as well as the losses of 
boats occurred in the course of operations enforce himself to change 
the tactics. Regarding the enemy air reconnaissance it would be 
necessary to order submerged positions for Submarines during the day. 
Especially our own Air Force has to be so strong in numbers during the 
night and in the day before the advancing of the convoy into the area 
of the patrol line that all avoiding movements of the convoy and even 
extended changes of course could be certainly detected. Also, during 
the first night of the operation contact aircraft has to be in touch 
with the enemy in order to transmit direction-finding signs continu- 
ously. The Submarine line has to be set up and conducted in such a 
manner, that in the beginning of night the convoy would be in the di- 
rect neighbourhood approximating 30 - ^0 miles off from the line. 
The first night will be decisive for the total result. In dawn the 
Submarines principally have to go far off and haul ahead. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 
1. Enemy Situation: 

The air supremacy in Narva-Bay enforces the transfer of our patrol for- 
ces to west of Kunda-Bay during the day, because our own fighter escort 
is very insufficient. By so doing, undisturbed minesweeping between 
Namsi-shoal and Kis-Kolski Riff is made possible to the enemy. 



-120- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
8 Mar. 19^ 

2. Own Situation: 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances there were 36 vessels and in the Baltic 
38 vessels and sir minesweeping planes engaged in minesweeping. Two 
mines were swept west of Laaland and one mine in the Kiel Bay. 

Escort duties were carried out without any events. 

The nightfighter directing ship TOGO and two "boats of the 25th Mine- 
sweeping Flotilla occupy the area north-west of Vaindlo. 

The mine carrier RHEIN and two tankers with AF "32," "35," "36" and 
"50" entered Tallinn. The group of netlayers escorted "by two patrol- 
"boats is in passage to Tallinn. 

In doing rescue-work for the patrol-boat "1708" which was damaged by 
bombs, minesweeper M "459" run aground and is towed in to Tallinn. 

The long approach for occupying the night positions in Narva-Bay is 
requiring faster vessels. Therefore the transfer of the 6th PT-boat 
Flotilla from Libau to the Gulf of Finland was ordered. 

The 1st motor minesweepers Flotilla will be supplied as soon as the 
sweeping of the searching area near Goehren will be settled. 

The 17th Patrol-boat Flotilla was withdrawn from Narva-Bay owing to 
almost too weak antiaircraft armament and will be sent out for escort- 
operations west of Tallinn. 

On the morning of the 8 March feeble enemy air activity and in the 
afternoon stronger one was reported in the area of Tyters. Our own 
boats were attacked by groups up to 25 planes. 

Regarding the situation on the mainland the Admiral Baltic Countries 
reported of increasing gunfire in Hungerburg section. On the 7 March 
the deep penetration north of Pskov was cut off. Our own counter 
attacks against increasing enemy strength in the penetration areas 
north of Gorodenka and northwest of Putki advance slowly. Near Xreski 
enemy tank attacks were repulsed. On Narva bridgehead and on the Wes- 
tern banks of the River up to Rigi the area is covered with drum fire. 
The town of Narva was destroyed by 3t000 aerial bombs during the night. 

V. Submarine Warfare. 

From the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic, nothing special to report. 



VI. Aerial Warfare. 

-121- CONFIDENTIAL 



COHFIDESTIAL 

8 Mar. 19^ 

Vest Area; 

In the forenoon stronger groups attacked airfields in the Duftch and 
Belgian area# The attacks are in connection with the large scale at- 
tack on Reich territory. In the evening, nine of our own fighter 
bombers operated on the British south-coast* 



Beich Territory: 

Between 1220 and 1?15 several hundred bombers with fighter escort 
penetrated via Amsterdam - Hannover - Braunschweig - Magdeourg iuto 
the area of Wittenberg and Frankfurt /Oder and from there attacked 
Berlin from the East and South-East. 

The attack was carried out in 6,500 - 8,000 m altitude in the time 
between 1325 - 15^3* The main concentration wave laid on industrial 
plants in Erkner and on the machine factory Schwarzkopf in Wildau in 
Teltow-district. Except this, airfields in the West of the Reich and 
then in the area of Berlin were attacked in approach. Except of Berlin 
another 35 places were attacked with gunfire and high explosives. Ac- 
cording to reports available up to now 85 enemy planes were shot down. 



Mediterranean Theater: 

In Italy the main concentration of the enemy air activity was directed 
against transport installations in the Front area and in the beach- 
head. Bombs were also dropped on a section of Rome. By our own figh- 
ters four enemy planes were shot down under loss of three of our own 
planes. Further attacks were carried out by strong groups with figh- 
ter escort on airfields and traffic installations in the area of Viter- 
bo and Florence. Harassing attacks with bombs were reported on Piom- 
bino and St. Stefano. 

On the 8 March one enemy fighter was certainly and another probably 
shot down at the West coast of Corsica. At 1320 a convoy consisting 
of 25 steamers steering a south-easterly course was detected 160 miles 
north-west of Bengasi and north of Derna at 1222, another convoy of one 

transport and 26 steamers heading WKW. 

In the dusk, 3^ of our own bombers under escort of 22 Ju 88 C 6 were 
sent out against an eastbound large scale convoy in the Western Mediter- 
ranean. Only ten bombers arrived at the enemy at 1900 and reported 
hits on two transports and three freighters. Four of our bombers and 



-122- COHFIDMTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
8 Mar. 19^ 

two intercepter planes were lost. Two enemy fighters were shot down. 



Eastern Area: 

On the 7 March 6^5 enemy and 1227 own missions were reported on the 
Eastern Front. 

With the loss of four own planes 30 enemy planes were shot down. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. 

1. Area of the Naval Group West: 

Enemy Situation: 

At 1015 battleship WARSPITE left Gibraltar Mediterranean hound after 
monthlong stay in the harbor. At 1415 one CALEDON-class cruiser 
passed Punta Carnero with course to the Mediterranean. 

Own Situation: 

The Group West reports details of the air raid on Toulon on the 7 March 
in the afternoon. Copy see Radiogram 0015. For the rest no special 
events. 



2 # Area of the German Naval Command Italy: 

Enemy Situation: 

According to Radio Monitoring a convoy presumably KMS ^3 reported be- 
tween 1903-1908 to Algier the attack of twelve own planes. (Compare 
Aerial Warfare, Mediterranean Theater). 

On the 7 March at 1*00 two submerged submarines were sailing 60 miles 
south of Cannes steering South-East. 

On the 8 March nine troop transports, four destroyers, eight escort 
vessels and ten or 15 landingcraft were detected off Anzio being en- 
gaged in relay traffic and also seven PT-boats respectively small 
craft were sighted within the patrol-line off the beachhead. 

At 0800 four destroyers stood for 60 miles south of Ishia heading East. 

-I23- CONFIDENTIAL 



COKFIDENTIAL 
8 Mar. 19^4 

Reconnaissance in the coastal forward areas of Sardinia and Corsica 
was carried out in good visibility and yielded no result. 

Regarding the two convoys between Malta and Bengasi report was already 
given under Aerial Warfare: Mediterranean Theater. 



Own Situation; 

On the afternoon of the 7 March and during the night of 7 March the 
harbor of St. Stefano was newly attacked. One plane was shot down by 
antiaircraft artillery. 

During the night of 7 the minelayer KEERWIEDER and one naval landing 
craft carried out a minelaying operation east of Capraia as planned. 
One harbor defense boat sustained damage on the east coast and is 
towed in: There is still no report on the execution of the minelaying 
operation. 

Mine sweeping on our own barrages south-cast of Elba was continued with 
five minesweepers. Three battle ferries were damaged in the enemy 
fighter bomber attack on Porto Ferraio. 

In patrol duties, on minelaying operations and escort there were en- 
gaged 34 war ships and 49 freighters in the night of 7 March. In 
spite of enemy supervision all movements were carried out as planned. 



3. Area of the Naval Group South: 

a. Adriatic: 

One enemy plane was shot down at C735 by one of our own batteries west 
of Cattaro. 

The motor minesweepers R "188," "190" and "191" which left Pola on the 
7 March were seized by air reconnaissance at 1850 20 miles south-east 
of the left port and attacked with bombs. Owing to disabled engines 
of motor minesweeper R "19C" the three boats entered Lussin Piccolo 
on the evening of the 7 March. 

On the 4 March the repair boat J "111" stranded in Dubrovnik approach 
in thick weather, suspected to be total loss. 

According to counter intelligence report one motor sailing ship towing 
one vessel with 220 furloughers among them twelve of the Navy was 



-124- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
8 Mar, 19^ 

captured "by three partisan-vessels on the passage from Zara to Flume 
on the 28 February. Twelve soldiers were killed In action, 2k wounded 
and brought to Povelia. The rest was transferred to Via as prisoners. 
The 1st PT-boats Division reports of its main Headquarter for the 1st 
PT-Boats Flotilla and 3rd PT-Boats 'Flotilla to be in Palmanova in the 
neighbourhood of Udine from the 28 February. 



b. Aegean: 

A Motor sailing ship which put out to sea on the 3 February from My- 
thelena to Chios is overdue, presumably sunk by enemy action. 

Three submarines were observed at the East-coast of Symi on the 7 
March at 0230 by fishermen. Presumably that were PT-boats. 

At 0200 on the 8 March the submarine chaser ^l^f" in escorting a con- 
voy came in touch with three British PT-boats, which tried to capture 
the convoy in Turkish territory waters. One PT-boat presumably was 
sunk. Two men were taken prisoner. Lateron still two PT-boats were 
in touch with the convoy on its passage to Rhodes. Advanced report 
see Radiogram 1000. 

On the afternoon of the 5 March the convoy AGATHE was attacked by 
three enemy planes without effect. 

After having done escort duties for AGATHE, torpedoboat TA M 15 n on her 
way back to Piraeus was attacked by one single air torpedo-plane twelve 
miles north of Iraklion at 1900 on the 8 March and sunk. Up to now 
I36 men have been rescued. 

Out of six approaching Maraud ern-p lanes four were shot down by our own 
fighters off Milos on the 5 March. 

On the 8 March at 0030 in escorting the steamer BURGAS the minelayer 
"DRACHE" fought an attacking submarine. Submarine hunt was handed over 
to submarine chaser "2110." The steamer "BURGAS" avoided three tor- 
pedoes. 

On the 6 March ammunition exploded in a battery which was not manned. 
Cause unknown. 

At 0045 on the 8 March two enemy destroyers coming from the south 
opened fire on the town of Zante within a range of twelve miles inflic- 
ting no damage. 



-125- CONFIDENTIAL 



COEFIDSNTIAL 
8 Mar. 19^ 

c» Black Seat 

Enemy Situation! 

In forenoon Radio Monitoring intercepted lively PT-boat movements on 
the central and eastern East-coast. * Ten motor torpedo "boats and two 
motor gun-boats were intercepted in wireless traffic* 

On the 8 March our own air reconnaissance could distinctly spot into 
the harbors of Karkinitzki-Bay and Skadovsk and Chorli and sighted no 
enemy PT-boats. The final judgment on the place where the boats have 
left may only be possible after continuous spotting of the whole coast. 



Own Situation: 

There occured no events in the patrol-line of Kertch Straits during the 
night of 7 March. During the night of 8 March the patrol-line will be 
occupied with four motor mine sweepers. 

The convoys to and from Crimea were carried out without special 
events. Twelve landing craft coming from AK Metschet arrived at 

Odessa* 

The following wireless message transmitted to the Admiral Black Sea 
was also taken down by the Coast Patrol Force: 

"Inroad of the Russians near S Chester ja, advancing of enemy tank spear 
heads up to Novy Bug together with transfer of Russian PT-boats to 
Skadovsk carried out nearly at the same time brings in given case er- 
nest troubles regarding to the supply at sea. 

In event that Russian rupture will follow threatening of Blkolaev and 
would expell this place for our use and the Russinas will see new pos- 
sibilities for bases important endangerment would occure to the whole 
Odessa-Crimea navigation. This navigation will be fully cut down in 
event that Odessa would be suspended as port of departure for coastal 
towing traffic and naval landing craft navigation to Crimea. Reduced 
seaworthiness of the towed convoys and the lack of navigation aids on 
these convoys does only allow conduction of these convoys during fast 
changing weather conditions in close connection to the coast, achieve- 
ment of oversea convoys only by absolutely clear and observable weather 
conditions, which at the other hand will also offer more chance of at- 
tack to the enemy. In case of not succeeding in avoiding the threaten- 
ing danger from the Bug and Dneper estuary and in cutting off the ports 
north-west of 3und as presumable bases of light Russian naval forces 
there must perhaps be counted on decisive restrictions of the transport 



-126- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
8 Mar, 19^ 

facilities of these towed convoys and small craft. " 



VIII. Situation East Asia; 
Nothing to report. 



******************** 



-127- CONJIDEKPIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
9 Mar. 19^+ 

Items of Political Importance; 

Regarding the Russian-Polish question Reuter reports, that Moscow is 
insisting on the fact that the Curzon-line would he registered as 
final "boundary and refuses to discuss with the Polish Government in 
Exile. 

According to Reuter the USA Secretary of the Interior declared, that 
the Arabian oil concessions would be necessary to the USA. The USA- 
reserves of oil would be used up faster than unlocking of new wells 
could be done. The USA-production would not be sufficient for the 
normal demands of the civil population in comparison to the war and 
armament amounts. 



Conference on the situation with the Commander in Chief. Navy. 

In a highly restricted circle: 

I. According to informations on the part of the Armed Forces High Com- 
mand/Operations Staff Navy shows little tendency to withdraw batteries 
already now from the Dutch area for the operation "Tanne." 



II. Army Situation; 

The total situation in the battle at the Army Group Manstein is extreme- 
ly critical. The enemy started for the attack of Tarnopol. Cn the 
Narva-Front too, enemy pressure has increased. 



Ill, The Group Vest submitted operational orders for reception of 
ZI1FER by destroyers and torpedo boats, which is planned on the 8 March 
at 0800 in BF 8676. The Commander in Chief, Navy deems it not unob- 
jectionable to push the rendez-vous point so far to the West because 
during their long approach the rallying forces offer enormous possibili- 
ties to draw the enemy to the protected object. This one ought to use 
its submarine possibilities as far as possible. Owing to advanced time 
it will be desisted from intervening in the issued order. However, 
relevant advice to the Group Vest and to the Submarine Division will be 
reserved. 



Special Items. 

I. Concerning the Operation "Tanne". 

1. In summary the Naval Command last reports of the stand of 

-128- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
9 Mar. 19^ 

preparations and plans. Copy referring to Radiogram as per 1 SKL 770 /J44 
GXdos Chei'-aache in War Diary Part C Volume III. 

The Quartermaster General and the Chief of Naval Intelligence ^iv. /Naval 
Staff will he informed in copies with the advice to arrange for pre- 
cautions revealing from the report. 

2. The Naval Staff informs the Armed Forces High Command/Opera- 
tions Staff Navy of preparational measures as follows: 

1. "Commanding General Armed Forces, Norway reports the demand 
of time from issuing the keyword until evacuation from Oslo to eight 
days. 

2. Demand of time for naval batteries from issuing the keyword 
until evacuation from Oslo respectively Danzig to 21 days. 

Supplement: Regarding to the long time required removal and 
preparations in the port of transshipment were ordered for the 7 March. 

3. Report of the Commanding General Armed Forces, Denmark and 
of the Commander in Chief, Air Force were not yet submitted." 

Thereon the Armed Forces High Command Operations Staff op directs: 

"Regarding to quieter Judgment on the situation in Finland it is to 
dftsist of untimely removal of the naval batteries in Norway and the 
Netherlands. At accentuation of the situation the Armed Forces High 
Command will inform the High Command Navy in time. 

The Commander in Chief, Navy received information and orders after con- 
sultation with General Jodl, that first of all the batteries have not 
to be removed." 

3. The Naval Staff requests the General Staff of the Army/Opera- 
tions Department for: 

1. Disposition of one outfit of maps of the General Staff 
scale 1: 100,000 as well as of military geographical description of 
the Aland-isles for the ^l6th Infantry Division. 

2. Immediate remittance by courier of both one dispatch of l) 
to the personal address of the Commander of the ^l6th Infantry Division 
in Aalborg. The documents will be needed urgently for preparations. 



II. Concerning the demonstration in Narva-Bay the Naval Command reports: 

-129- CONFIDSNTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
9 Mar. 1944 

"In case that the Army Group will have no other particular desires, 
execution will take place at day break of the 12 March in strength of 
three destroyers which will transfer to Tallinn until afternoon of the 
11 March. Targets: Novaja, Bol Xosemiko, Oakkowo. In event that 
enemy "batteries will be observed change the targets on these. 

Expenditure of ammunition for each destroyer 100 rounds. As High Ex- 
plosive detonators base fuse are not coming in question for this planned 
operation, there still remains the following stock aboard after having 
used the ammunition allotted: 12.7 cm 250 rounds of High Explosive 
nose fuse, 200 respecitively 225 High Explosive nose fuse. It is re- 
ferred to difficulties in ammunition supply, as there will be only 
availe-ble the following ammunition in this area of command for destroy- 
ers: 

12.7 cm 465 High Explosive nose fuse, 415 High Explosive nose fuse with 
luminous composition, 120 star shells (all in Swinemuende) , 15 cm Swine- 
muende : 

Swinemuende: 20 High Explosive detonators base fuse, 941 nose fuses, 
107 star shells. Gotenhafen 3^5 base fuses, 600 nose fuses. Decision 
is requested," 

The Commander in Chief's decision will be precipitated on 10 March. 



III. The laval Command East informs the ^aval Staff informatory of 
the order to the Training Unit Fleet concerning the precipitated execu- 
tion of firing exercises on land targets corresponding to the directive 
of the Naval Staff. 

Copy as per 1 SKL 7378/44 G-Edos in War Diary Part C Volume III. 



IV. During the week of 13 - 20 March the Commander in Chief, Navy or- 
ders discussions with the Commanding Admiral Group North/Chief of the 
Eleet, Commanding Admiral ITaval Command Baltic Sea and with Commander 
Training Unit Eleet in Koralle-Eeadquarters. At this time the 14- March 
will be pretended for this discussion. 



-I30- ONE IE EST I AL 



9 Mar. 19**4 

V. On duty on 1 February 19**4 
Losses in February 
on the front 
in home waters 

Commissioned in February 



CONFIDENTIAL 



446 Submarines 



20 




3 


23 Submarines 




423 Submarines 




19 Submarines 



On duty on 1 March 19^4 



Plus: 



Foreign boats 



on the front 



in home waters 



Detailed to Japan up to now 



4 
6 
1 



442 Submarines 



Number of Front-boats on 1 April 1944 

1. Atlantic 10? 

2. Mediterranean 18 

3. Northern Waters: 

a. Operation 30 

b. Central Group 3 

c. Torpedo misfire 2 

4. Black Sea 6 



166 



-131- 



CONFIDEHTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
9 Mar. 19^ 

Situation 9 March 19^4 

I, War In Foreign Waters. 

Nothing to report. 



II. Situation in the West Area; 

1. Enemy Situation: 

Twenty eight planes on mission were detected over the Bay of Biscay. 
Three British vessels were located west and south-west of Ireland. 
At 2225 Hadio Monitoring intercepted an aircraft message of the 19th 
Group on own forces in BF 5882. After having reported the sighting, 
the plane transmitted several coded wireless messages. 



2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

The explosion on the seaplane 0E5TFSVI3K may he traced back to thought- 
lessness of shipyard personnel. One mine was exploded "by fisher "boats 
in the area of Lorient. Three entering and one leaving Submarine was 
escorted. 

For recepting "KIEFFR" torpedoboats T "27,° "29" left Brest at 1300 
and destroyers Z "23 n and ZH "1" left Foyan at 1600 as planned. 

At 2113 the 4th Torpedoboat Flotilla reported contact aircraft and is 
trying to shake off the enemy by false courses which evidently was 
successful as from midnight further reports did not come in. 



Channel Area: 

Owing to rough sea and clearness of moon minesweeping was not carried 
out. For the rest no si>ecial events. 



III. North Sea, zrorway. Northern Waters: 

During the day the convoy 1229 Eook-Slbe was lying in Helder and con- 
tinued passage to the Fast at 1800. 



-132- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
9 Mar. 1944 

Mine sweeping and escort duties were carried out on schedule. 

In the Zuider Sea and in the Zealand Waters five convoys with about 
45,000 BRT were carried out. 

On the 8 March at 1900 one one-engined plane was observed curving 
above the section of Brunsbuettel, evidently in special reconnaissance 
of the Kiel-Canal and the area of the locks. 



Norway. Northern Waters. 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 18th Group eight planes were detected in operation. 

In Kola-Bay our own air reconnaissance stated in total nine steamers 
with 30 i 000 BUT and south of Fisher peninsula two coastal vessels. 

One tanker of 8 - 10,000 BRT was sighted in the inner Eyja-Fiord at 
the north coast of Iceland. Besides this one seaplane-base with six 
or seven seaplanes was sighted on the south coast of the isle of Hwil- 
ley. 

In reconnoitring Scapa by visual reconnaissance on the 5 March, there 
were observed three rigs of ten or twelve landingcraft each, among 
them type LCT 250 and LCG, but no landing ships. 

2. Own Situation: 

On the 7 March only little gunfire was reported from the area of Pet- 
samo. During the night of 7 March the Battery Sensenhauer opened fire 
on three enemy boats in Soroefiord. On the 7 and 8 March penetrations 
of eight respectively four enemy planes into the areas of Aalesund, 
Kristiansund North and Stavanger were reported. 

Nineteen northbound and 24 southbound ships were escorted. 

The Group North submitted provisional conclusions on the operations 
against QP 29. Copy as per 1 SKL 7386/44 GKdos in War Diary Part C 
Volume Ila. 

As to future operation it is written therein: 

"a. Chances for Submarines will reduce furthermore with in- 
creasing and throughout clearness. 



-133- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
9 Mar. 1944 

h. In order to achieve successes actions with the utmost num- 
ber of submarines is required. This may be reached in so far as to 
renunciation of fighting the QP-convoys and in operating only with a 
small number of "boats on continuous survey at sea. 

Then the focal point of reconnaissance must be shifted 
more than until now to the Air Force. 

Only after spotting the convoy by planes the submarines 
may he sent out from the operational port and disposed in patrol 
lines mostly drawn up in depth echelons. 

c. Especially important is the fact th?t Submarines may re- 
main unseen in the patrol lines. 

d. But without reinforcements of aircraft forces and long 
range fighters there could not be counted on very successful convoy 
fighting then." 

There only could he agreed from the side of the Naval Staff with the con- 
clusive judgment of the Group saying that the success in spite of 
fully appreciated tough and energetic Submarine operations with good 
support hy the Air Force failed to come as the operational conditions 
were too difficult. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic-Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 

1. Enemy Situation: 

According to Radio Monitoring the 5th Minesweeping Division, also the 
war vessels OE "13," R "16" and A w 19»" three unknown vessels and as 
well the Staff Fleet were intercepted in wireless traffic in the Gulf 
of Finland. 



2. Own Situation: 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances there were 31 and in the Baltic Sea 23 
vessels and four motor minesweepers engaged in minesweeping duties. 
Two mines were swept in Kiel Bay. On the evening of the 8 March 
minesweeper M "436" run ashore in the Great Belt. 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances and in the area of the Commander (Mine- 
sweepers) East escort duties were carried out as planned. Nothing 
to ret>ort. 



-I34- COSFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
9 Mar. 19^ 

On the afternoon of the 8 March and on the forenoon of the 9 March 
more enemy air raids were made on the patrol forces in the Narva Bay. 
On the "boats casualties occured. The patrol "boat "1707" was damaged 
"by hits in the "boiler. On board of minesweeper M "204" the. magnetic 
protection of the ship against mines was damaged. Our own boats shot 
down five attacking planes. 

The patrol duties in the Narva Bay is carried out "by the Commander of 
the 1st Minesweeping Flotilla with two "boats, two patrol-boats and 
two artillery naval landing craft. 

The 6th PT-boat Flotilla with KARL PETERS and six boats left Libau 
Tallinn bound. The group of netlayers in escort of two patrol boats 
is in passage from Libau to Tallinn. 

The heavy gun carrier Westflandern, landing craft B "6," "35" and 
WF B 119 n entered Windau, AF "2," "5," "9" and "49" arrived at Memel. 

The destroyers Z "28 ," "29" and "35" transfer from Libau to Tallinn 
on the 10 March. 

Between 1830 and 2112 strong enemy air raid in strength of 250-300 
planes was carried out on Tallinn. A second raid equal in strength 
struck this town between 0032 and 0300 on the 10 March. As far as 
could be seen no essential damage was sustained to the Navy. Heavy 
fires broke out in the town. 

Regarding the land situation, the Admiral Ostland reported that own 
attacks on the 8 March gained terrain north of Gorodenka and the gap 
in the front west of Putki could be closed. The expected large scale 
enemy attack on the road Norwa-Jambury had been started. Out of 15 
attacking tanks 13 were disabled by gunfire. One penetration near 
Lilienbach was made good. Again the Narva Banks from Narva up to 
Hungerburg are in our own hands. 



V. Submarine Warfare. 

At 2300 on the 8 March Submarine U "575 n sighted two steamers and 
two destroyers in BE 8284 steering 10° with ten miles speed. 

At 0154 on the 9 March the boat shot a Zaunkoenig* torpedo on a des- 
troyer in BE 8228 and heard detonation after a 12.5 minutes' run. 

In the Indian Ocean in JC 5451 the U I T 24 is waiting for supply by 
BRAKE. In connection with that submarine U "183" is to be supplied in 
the same area. 



-135- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
9 Mar. 19^ 



VI. Aerial Warfare 

Vest Area: 

During the day about 60 penetrations into Belgium Northern Prance and 
about 20 into Western France were reported without attacking. During 
the night about 100 four-engined planes penetrated into the South 
East and into the area of Marseille and there partially dropped sup- 
plies for agents. One part of these planes attacked the air-field of 
Marignane. 



Reich Territory: 

For a new time Berlin was attacked by strong enemy forces during the 
hours of noon this time coming from the North-east and East. The ef- 
fect of the raid on the eastern, southern and southeastern part of the 
town was more serious than in the two daily raids passed ago. However, 
the causes against the industry were comparatively small. In the south 
western suburbs essential damage was partially inflicted to houses. As 
owing to clouding own fighters did not start and our own intercepter 
planes remained on the ground because of the strong enemy fighter es- 
cort, defense was only carried out by antiaircraft barrage fire. The 
result of three definitely downed planes reported up to now is very 
moderate. 



Mediterranean Theater: 

On the 8 March 350 enemy planes were sighted above the area of the 
beachhead and Rome, two of them were shot down by antiaircraft artil- 
lery. Attacks were carried out on railroad installations, on roads 
into villages respectively in the area south of Firenze as well as 
smaller attacks against harbor targets and air ground organizations. 

During the night of 8 March eight enemy planes carried out intercepter 
patrols in the central Aegean, one of them sank torpedoboat TA "15«" 



Eastern Area: 

On the Eastern Front 1315 own and 750 enemy missions were counted on 
the 8 March. With the los3 of six own planes 23 enemy planes were 



-136- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
9 Mar. 19^ 

shot down respectively were destroyed on the ground. 

Air reconnaissance carried out "by the 4th Air Force in the Waters of 
Perekop and Odessa as well as in Danube estuary spotted no enemy PT- 
boats. 

The amount of ships in Skadovsk and Tschurium-Peninsula was confirmed 
to he unchanged weak. 

The Operations of the 5th Air Force was already reported. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea: 

1, Area of the Naval Group West * 

Enemy Situation: 

The CALFDON-class cruiser which was reported on the 8 March revealed 
to he a French cruiser of the EMILE BERTIIT-class, 

On the evening of the 8 March the "battleship WARSPITE returned to Gi- 
braltar* evidently she has carried out trials run and left for the At- 
lantic on the morning of the 9 March, Simultaneously a convoy of 16 
steamers with two aircraft carriers, several destroyers and seven cor- 
vettes passed the straits westhound to which "WAJSSPITE" was attached. 

According to Counter Intelligence report from Vichy from circles of 
the G-eneral Rogues Allied preparations for large scale operation at 
the Channel are to he concluded. Troops are to he held ready for 
alarms from 3-20 March, The French resistance organizations received 
adequate orders. As first wave JO divisions are to he provided for 
landing hetween Dunkerque and Le Havre, Simultaneously to this large 
scale operation small operations started from Corsica and Sardinia are 
to he planned at the coast between Toulon and Ventimiglia carried out 
by French troops. 

Own Situation: 

Off the French South coa3t one convoy of 200 BRT was carried out. 



2, Area of the German Naval Command Italy: 
Enemy Situation: 



-137- CONFIDENTIAL 



9 Mar. In- 
juring the night of S March the OSA hospital ship SZMI5CL2 sunk 60 

■ilea north of Philippeville according to ?.adio Monitoring. 

At 064C an unknown USA- s teaser scored torpedo or nine hit north of 
Tunis, later the stealer reported abandoning ship. At C237 oar own 
air reconnaissance sighted in the eastern outlet of Bonifacio-Straits 
ten or twelve unindentified vessels, at 02^7 two destroyers and one pa- 
trol vessel 15 niles south of Ponza and located ten ships 2~ niles west 
of I'ettunia. 

In the area Anzio-i'ettuno busy navigation was observed. On the 3 March 
one freighter was thought to he damaged "by long range fire of our own 
batteries off .Jet tunc. 



Dm Six ua 1 1 on : 

jew damage was inflicted in the harbor of St. Stefano in the air raid 
on the 5 March. One plane was reported to be shot down. Not three 
but two ferries were damaged in the raid on Perraio on the 8 March, 
One plane was shot down. 

On the evening of the 8 March the ainelayer Z3EH¥IZDZ?. and one naval 
landing craft were attacked by enemy planes without effect on its pas- 
sage from Leghom-Spezia. 

After execution of nine operation two harbor defense boats rammed each 
other east of Pavenna, after fruitless attempts to tow then off one 
of then sunk. 

Owing to weather conditions nine operation and ninesweeping tasks 
south-east of Elba have been suspended during the night of 8 March, 
>*ith the date of 7 March the transfer of all ?T- and motor nine- 
sweeper boats to Venice on the Piver ?o is carried through. The 
transfer of the barges and naval landing craft has commenced. 



■ta 



Submarine j "371 rl ar^ _ "3^31 have been detailed in new operational 
areas off the beachhead. 



2 • Area of the Taval 3-rout) South: 
a, Adriatic: 
Bbthing to report. 

-13S- :CgniDZ2?TIAI 



CONFIDENTIAL 
9 Mar. 19^ 

b. Aegean: 

Details of the sinking of torpedoboat TA "15" see under Radiogram 
1950. Total loss of about 30 men. 

According to reports of the Assault Division Rhodes from the 8 March 
two combined operations-boats in passage from Rhodes to Koos have been 
captured by the British as statements of the population of Misero re- 
vealed, 

^t 2130 on the 7 March enemy commando-raid on the observation post 
south-west of Calino was repulsed. 

During the bombardement of Zante in the night of 7 March unimportant 
damage on buildings was inflicted. 

Regarding the report of the Group South concerning the transmission 
of submarines observations (see War Diary 7 March) the Group South 
was informed by the Naval Staff that the Commander Submarines Mediter- 
ranean has got the directive on the 15 February to inform the author- 
ized Flag Officer on the current submarine operations. Therefore the 
transmission of reconnaissance results of the Submarines may be re- 
quested directly by the Commander Submarines Mediterranean within the 
limits of possibilities. 



Black Sea: 



Enemy Situation: 



Our own air reconnaissance can not give any rough guide on the fact 
where the enemy PT-boats have been disappeared. At 1900 one Sub- 
marine was located 80 miles West-south-west of Sevastopol, 



Own Situation: 

Normal readiness was ordered in the area of Crimea Coast. 

In regard to the overheard wireless message of the 10th Coast Patrol 
Force the Admiral Black Sea (see War Diary 8 March) there was stated 
by phone that the Group South is of the same opinion as the Commander 
of the 10th Coast Patrol Force. 

The decisive change of the situation in the Black Sea being imminent 
may partially be caused to the following factors: 

-139- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
9 Mar. 19^ 

1. Appearance of light Russian naval forces in the waters 
north-west of Crimea 

2. Threatening of the land connection of the Ukrainian 
coast (Nikolaev-Odessa) "by the movements of the land front in the area 
of Yinnitsa-Tarnopol. 

No clear immagination could he gathered where the Russian motor tor- 
pedo "boats would have disappeared from which one has been sunk off 
Ak Metchet. But it must he counted on definitely with the fact that 
they stayed in the area of Skadovsk Horli and will operate from there 
against the Crimea supply. 

The break down of Odessa as basic point for towed convoys may be 
caused by the appearance of the Russian PT-boats. There may be added 
that with interruption of the rail communication to Odessa this harbor 
at the least may suffer considerable set back generally as basic point 
for Crimea supply, so that the longer route from Constantsa with its 
relavent slower circulation of ships only may remain. There may be 
added that the shipping between Odessa and the Roumanian ports will 
presumably be highly frequented for evacuation of goods and troops 
from the Ukraine or perhaps for reinforcements in this area, too. 

All these factors may impair the navigation which is required for 
Crimea supply so seriously that hitherto the judgment of the Naval 
Staff on the question of Crimea supply may ezcert a fundamental in- 
fluence upon. 



VIII. Situation East Asia: 
Nothing to report. 



******************** 



-140- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
10 Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Importance, 

Following British press informations from Stockholm there i3 announced 
"by good informed circles that the Finnish counter proposals transmitted 
on the 7 March held the door open for further negotiations. According 
to reports of the Naval Attache" Helsinki from the 9 March the answer 
read in the contents as to information of the German ambassador as 
follows: 

Point 1« would he difficult and complicated, tut the Finnish Government 
does not in the whole refuse discussions on this point. The other 
points could not he approved hut however, the Government would he wil- 
ling for discussions going into details. The point 1, is dealing with 
the question of relations to Germany, 

On the occasion of the burial of the late president of state Svinhuf- 
ved the strong desire of resistance which may correspond with the atti- 
tude of the majority of the Finnish people wa3 expressed. 

The "Times" is writing on the question of the Italian Fleet: Russia 
has strengthened her squadrons in the Northern Waters with these Ital- 
ian ships but has not formed up a squadron in the Mediterranean. But 
the Italian ships however, would hardly be suited for northern zones. 
Therefore the Allies would plan to compensate Russia by handing over 
ships of their own reserve stocks which would be better suitable for 
these waters. 

Following announcements of the USA Ministry of Foreign Affairs nego- 
tiations are still going on wi-;h Spain on behalf of the embargo of 
tungsten shipments to Germany and other questions. But in meantime 
the exportation of lubricating oil has been suspended however. 

Following P.euter, Ramirez announced his renunciation to the president- 
ship of Argentina. In Washington one is doubting that Paraguay, Chile 
and Bolivia may unite with Argentina in customs union. 

The "Times" is reporting from Ankara concerning the Anglo-Turkish 
relations that there will be hope for new touch between both the 
Governments. 



Conference on the Situation with the Commander in Chief. Navy, 

I, The Chief o f Coastal Defence Branch. Quartermaster Division 
reports on the thinning out of the amount of ships in Gotenhafen and 
Danzig, The precautions were carried through as far as ever possible. 
But it cannot be changed that boats in the dockyard which are not 



-1^1- 



COl^FIDSNTIAL 
10 Mar, 19^+ 

ready for sailing may still have to lie together in packages. Further 
report is made on antiaircraft protection of the Kiel-Canal on which 
the Navy is devoted to. A reinforcement in numbers may not he neces- 
sary "but definitely will be a fact of modernization of calibres. The 
Quartermaster Division is examining what may he done in this direction. 



In a highly restricted circle: 

After report the Commander in Chief, Navy approves the proposal of the 
Naval Command "Bast concerning the demonstration with three destroyers 
off the Narva-3ay (see War Diary 9 March). 

The Naval Staff transmits the agreement to the Naval Command "East by 
telegram 1 SKI I op 9236/^4. Copy in War Diary Part C Volume III. 



Army Situation; 

The enemy continues his offensive operation in the southern section of 
the Eastern Front with undiminished strength. Our own positions par- 
tially were pushed back. The "battle around Tarnopol is lasting on. 

Only unimportant fighting took place at the Central Army Group. 

The enemy reached a penetration into the Narva-Front within the area 
of the Army Group Horth which however, could be absorbed by own counter 
measures. 

Enemy attacks in the area of Aprilia on the Italian Front were repulsed. 
Shipping concentrations off the "beachhead were shelled by own army ar- 
tillery. 



With the 7 March the Commander in Cnief Ifevy ordered, that the appoint- 
ment Chief of Staff of the Naval Staff in the High Command, Navy will 
from now he changed in name into "Chief of Naval Staff in the High Com- 
mand, Navy" as this notation hits hetter the task and position of the 
former Chief of Staff of the Naval Staff corresponding with the nota- 
tion of the other chiefs of departments in the High Command. 

From now the Commander in Chief, Navy bears the designation "The Com- 
mander in Chief of the Navy." With this designation is clearly 



-142- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
10 Mar. 19^ 

expressed that the command of the entire Navy and consequently the 
conduct of the naval war too, is lying in the hands of the Commander 
in Chief, Navy. 



II. Concerning the Operation "Tanne." 

1. On proposal of the Commander of the 4l6th Infantry Division 
this division will not he shipped from Aarhus hut from Aalhorg. 

2. The Naval Command Norway, the Admiral Netherlands, with copy 
to Naval Command East receive information from the Quartermaster Di- 
vision that that referring to new directive from the Armed Forces 
High Command the "batteries in Norway respectively the "Battery Sche- 
veningen North will at first he let staying in the area and will only 
he made ready in speed for immediate other operations. 

III. Concerning the Kiel-Canal th^ following directive was issued 
from the Armed Forces High Command/Operations Staff. 

'1. The sufficient protection of the "bridges of the Kiel-Canal 
which are important for transportations to Denmark and Norway and in 
reverse will rise to decisive importance in event of enemy landing 
operation. There must he counted on that the enemy may try to destroy 
these "bridges from the air and "by sahotage (air landing commandoes) 
not only in the event of landing hut already much earlier. 

The protection of the hridges against air raids and attacks from 
the ground must therefore he strengthened at once." 

2. For this reason the Fuehrer ordered: 

a. The protection of the Kiel Canal and its hridges is trans- 
ferred in responsible manner to the High Command, Navy/Naval Staff. 

h. In order to reinforce the forces "being availahle for protec- 
tion the railway hridges of Rendshurg and Hochdonn are to he guarded hy 
forces of the Reichsfuehrer SS and Chief of the German Police, 

c. From the hridges which are crossing the Canal, increased 
importance in transportation is due to the railway hridges near Rends- 
hurg and Hochdonn. 

d. The High Command, Navy, the Commander in Chief, Air Force 
and the Reichsfuehrer 5S and Chief of the German Police report on the 
execution of this order and on the forces which are committed in pro- 
tection of the Canal and its hridges. 



-143- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
10 Mar. 19^ 

e. In event of enemy landing operations, the Chief of the 
Bureau of Army Armament and the Commander Replacement Army prepares 
the reinforcement of forces committed in protection of the bridges 
with replacement and training units of the military area X. The 
forces provided for additional actions are to "be reported to the 
Armed Forces High Command/Operations Staff, 

The Naval Staff is examining the precautions hence following this 
directive especially the question if its total execution will prac- 
tically not he transferred to only one Chief Command, though the 
Canal touches hoth the areas of the Naval Commands North and Hast, 



IV. In event of enemy landing operation on the Iberian peninsula the 
Quartermaster Division gave the directive to the Group West, that the 
preparations ordered by the Quartermaster Division on the 18 May 19*0 
are to be resumed and ordered heretofore that besides allotment of 
the required naval forces also marterial and personnel for establish- 
ing naval bases including the coastal artillery defense are to be put 
at disposal. As in the present scarcity, the detailing of personnel 
and marteriel for this task would be impossible for longer time both 
the subjects are to designate only in provident manner. 

In total six 38.1 cm, three 15*5 cm, 18 to 19-15*2 cm, eight or ten 
15 cm and four 10,2 cm guns are coming in question for manning with 
German personnel. 

Besides this, the Quartermaster Division intends to provide at first 
a number of batteries including personnel from the area of the Group 
West for operations in Northern Spain which could be erected and re- 
moved quickly. For this the following batteries are provided: Oye 
Plage, Longnes, Cape de la Chevre, Landemer and La Coubre West with 
five 15 cm each of type K and SK.* 

As to personnel for coastal defense the initial organization of at 
first two entire Naval Artillery Detachments including the batteries 
above mentioned is deemed to be necessary, the designation of which 
is to be executed within their areas by the Group West as at this 
time reinforcements of personnel from the home front or other areas 
are impossible. 

Also the rest of personnel, Area Commander (base for naval warfare) 
also will be provided from the area of the Group. To these disposi- 
tions there may be underlined, that in event of enemy large scale 
landing operations the withdrawal from Channel coast and from the 
northwestern French coast will be taken into consideration. The 
Group West is ordered to prepare an adequate proposal of organization 



-144- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
10 Mar. 19^4 

in the nearest possible time. The operation is named with the code- 
word "Gisela neu". 



V. Regarding to the directive of the Armed Forces High Command/Opera- 
tions Staff from the 28 December 1943 concerning preparational pre- 
cautions for enemy large scale landing operations and the measures of 
the Naval Staff (see War Diary 26 January) thereby released, the Group 
South ordered an examination of defense preparations in its own area. 
Thereupon the Admiral Black Sea raised a number of demands which were 
agreed by the Group South and submitted for decision. The introduc- 
tion of both another PT-boats and motor minesweeper Flotilla to the 
Black Sea which was proposed hereby, was refused by the Operations Div./ 
Naval Staff with the date of 8 March as the present strength avoids 
the execution. The remaining items will be checked by the Quartermas- 
ter Division in sofar as the possibilities of fulfilment may be given 
at present. The refer to the quick production of the XT-submarine 
chasers, artillery ferry barges and boats of the 22nd PT-boat Flotilla 
being in construction, to the quick commissioning of CB-submarines* 
under German colours and with German crew, to quick transfer and com- 
missioning of the Submarines of Type XXIII, strengthening of KT-chas- 
ers' armaments, further to the increase of antiaircraft armament in 
the ports of the Western coast to development of the coastal artillery 
in Transnistria, Roumania and Bulgaria, to the supply with ammunition, 
barrage balloons, smoke devices as well as to the operation of the 
army coastal artillery in the Roumanian and Bulgarian area and to the 
development of basic points in Burgas and Varna as well as to the in- 
stallation of the Radar organization and the communications and finally 
to the allocation of mines. 

Besides this, the Group South reported its intentions in case of Turkey 
giving up her neutrality. 

The whole correspondence is found as per 1 SKL 700 respectively 701/44 
GXdos Chefsache in the documents 1 SKL I op. 



VI. Preliminary the Operations Div. /Naval Staff informs the Group 
South that it is planned to construct assault transports and that the 
introduction of both a battalion of landing engineers to the Aegean 
and Adriatic was carried into effect as immediate measure by the Armed 
Forces High Command and that support of the Armed Forces High Command 
was promised in immediate comprehension of motor sailing ships. The 
deliveries of the naval ferry barges, naval supply lighters and of the 
Siebel ferries at the right date, will be surveyed by the Quartermas- 
ter Division. Regarding the question of these fixed terms, the 



-145- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDEN TIAL 
10 Mar. 19*»-'+ 

Quartermaster Division pointed out that in consequence to various de- 
lays in construction caused "by enemy action and difficulties in supply 
from the Chief Committee for Kaval Construction for the second serie 
of the artillery naval ferry barges, which originally were to be con- 
structed referring to the Fuehrer's directive with the end of March 
the following fixed terms were now named: ten in March, 13 in April, 
seven in May. 

VII. The Quartermaster Division/ Submarines informs the Operations Div./ 
Naval Staff of the following promulgation to the Commanding Admiral 
Submarines referring to the management of the Italian Submarines the 
assumption of which in its time was planned from the German Navy in 
consequence of the discussion with the Italian Under-Secretary of 
State: 

1. "The CB-Submarines* in the Black Sea (six) will be handed over 
to the Italian Navy. Com-olements "by men of the 1st Italian Naval Divi- 
sion (Captain (Navy) Gross i) Operation under the command of the Admiral 
"Black Sea. 

?. CB-Submarines in the Adriatic will furthermore be constructed. 
In given situation there is intended on the part of the Commander in 
Chief, Navy to make manning these small boats with the 1st Italian 
Naval Division (Captain (Navy) G-rossi). Operation under German Com- 
mand. 

3. The same as under 2. applies to both the Submarines of 80 
tons in the Adriatic. 

h. "BF.ILLUL" and another Submarine for special purposes of the 
Italian 10th MAS-Flotilla will be transferred to the Italian Navy and 
manned by Italian crews of the 1st Italian Naval Division. The spe- 
cial service submarine will be put at disposal from the Italian Navy 
on request of the German Naval Operation Division. Both the "boats 
will be employed under German Command. 

5« The six transport Submarines' new-construction remain Ger- 
man, compliments will "be set up "by the Commanding Admiral Submarines. 
The Submarines will be set under command of the Commander Submarines 
Mediterranean. All preparations for the assumption of the six trans- 
port-submarines have to be made on part of the Commanding Admiral 
Submarines. 

6. On the request of the Group North/Fleet in putting at dis- 
posal further three Italian Submarines for special training (Schweine) 
will "be seperately decided. 



-Iif6- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
10 Mar. 1944 

VIII. On application, the Quartermaster Division informs the Group 
South referring to the allotment of remote controlled landing-PT/boats 
of the Division Brandenburg, that these boats are not yet ready for 
front use. Their front tests in the Baltic Sea will be carried out 
soon by the Naval Special Operations Unit in consultation with the Di- 
vision Brandenburg. Following the opinion of the Naval Staff the 
remote control target Platoon of the Division Brandenburg previously 
will not be able to carry out operations from PT-boats of the 1st E- 
boat Division against moving enemy targets. In case that operation 
will nevertheless be ordered, there exists the great danger of compro- 
mising this weapon which only promises success in mass operations 
against profitable targets after thorough training and naval experi- 
ence. Discussions referring this subject between the Naval Staff and 
the Armed Forces High Command /Counter Intelligence respectively with 
the Division Brandenburg are not yet concluded. 



IX. The Naval Intelligence Division/Naval Staff reports on: 

1. British naval forces in the British home area. Copy as per 

1 SKL 6170/44 GKdos in War Diary Part C Volume "materiel on the enemy 
situation". The summary comprehends battle ships, aircraft carriers, 
cruisers, destroyers and escort destroyers as well as PT-boats. It is 
counted on five battle ships, four aircraft carriers, eight heavy, 
15/20 light cruisers, 120-140 destroyers and escort destroyers in home 
area. 

2. Stock of war ships in the Mediterranean. Copy as per 1 SKL 
7210/44 GKdos in War Diary Part C Volume XIV. 

3. Enemy situation in regard to the summary of enemy situation 
issued by the General Staff of the Army from 9 March. Copy as per 
1 SKL 7519/44 GKdos in War Diary Part D Volume "Records on enemy 
situation". 



X. Report of the Naval Attache* Ankara on the Turkish Fleet and coast- 
al defense from 14 January (1 SKL 2797/44 Geheim) is included in War 
Diary Part C Volume XIV. a. 



Situation 10 March 1944 
I. War in Foreign Waters. 



-147- CONFIDENTIAL 



COSFIDENTIAL 
10 Mar. 19^ 

1» "Enemy Situation: 

Nothing to report. 



2. Own Situation: 

In Radiogram 1741 BRAKE receives the following message: 

1. "After supply of the three heats on schedule, approache 
the point which lies on the same latitude as "HECKE" and 11° more to 
the South, 

2. Strive to reach new point as soon as possible. There is 
waiting "U-Pahls" since the 10 March. MERCATOR-boat . 

3. On the 19 March the arrival of U- SCHNIEWIND must be 
counted on. Then afterwards shear off to the South East. Orders on 
further supply will follow. 

4. Boats standing for the vicinity of the 1st meeting point 
reported nothing suspicious up to now." 



II. Situation in the West Area. 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 19th Group 48 planes which partially developed busy communica- 
tions in connection with the escort of "KIEFER" were engaged. Seven 
planes were detected at the Azores Squadrons. One Radio guard was 
located in the western Gulf of Biscay and one British vessel was lo- 
cated west of Ireland. 



2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

At the operation "KIEFER" the pair of the 4th Torpedoboats Flotilla 
shooked off enemy contact aircraft successfully during the evening of 
the 9 March by practicing false courses. In rallying "Kiefer" in the 
morning at 1045 in BF 8659 the two destroyers were detected by enemy 
air reconnaissance. At 1056 the convoy was attacked with bombs. Ac- 
cording to Radio Monitoring enemy contact lasted until noon. In 

-148- CONFIDENTIAL 



_ 



CONFIDENTIAL 
10 Mar. 1944 

consideration to enemy situation the operational plan was changed and 
the ships took the short route via point one. The greater risk for 
mines resulted herewith will he taken into consideration. The Air 
Commander Atlantic supported the bringing in of "KIEFER" by strong 
effort of his forces. Thereby aerial fights were fought out with Mos- 
quitos and Beaufighters. Until the end of this day the passage seemed 
to have passed as planned. 

Four incoming and seven entering submarines were escorted. 

During the night of 10 March the transfer of the 5th and 9th PT-boats 
Flotilla is prepared. From there the flotillas ought to be put into 
operation against eastbound convoys off Wolf Rock. 



Channel Area; 

During the hours of noon the Channel batteries shelled located tar- 
gets. According to Radio Monitoring enemy motor boats were at sea 
in the area of Calais. One mine was swept off Cherbourg. 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters. 

North Sea: 

At 02*4-5 the convoy 1229 Hook-Elbe was attacked by enemy PT-boats in 
the area of Tershelling and Ameland. The attack was repulsed without 
sustaining own damage. In a new attack at 0430 one tug was seriously 
damaged but could be towed into Borkum. The convoy was carried out 
as planned. 

The convoy 486 Elbe-Hook with five steamers was started at 0800. 

Owing to rough sea mine sweeping' and clearance work was partially sus- 
pended at the Dutch coast, north of Tershelling. Two and one mine 
was swept off Hook. 

The mine exploding vessel M 27 n was attacked by enemy planes in the 
area of Borkum and sustained casualties. 

Five convoys with about 54000 BRT were carried out in the Zuider Zea 
and in the Zealand Waters. 

The 9th motor minesweeper Flotilla with the Commanding Admiral Defences 
North aboard carried out exploratory sweep to Esbjerg. 



-149- 



CONFIDENTIAL 
10 Mar, 19^ 

With the 19 February the Naval Command North reported in reference to 
the laying of coastal mines type A-barrages. For the minelaying the 
Naval Command asks for at least ten naval landing craft (both, four 
for the Dutch coast and Danish West coast and two for the Heligoland 
Bight) for about six or eight weeks. The execution of the planning 
should be imposed to the Commanding Admiral Defences North. On the 
5 March the Faval Command North submitted the condensed planning of 
mining operations of the Admiral Denmark with his ov/n judgment for 
the Danish west coast. 

The Naval Staff approved the proposal of the Naval Command North and 
ordered the production of the 240 coastal mines types A which were 
additionally required. The Naval Staff proposes to lay out the bar- 
rage 2 e not in a straight line from Nordmannstief but in sinuous 
manner in the fairway. The demanded naval landing craft for laying 
out the coastal mine type A-barrages would not be at disposal. The 
Naval Command North must strive for emergency solution in the Denmark- 
area with combined operation boats or towed lighters and has to take 
up contact with the Group West on temporary transfer of ferry barges 
or motor minesweepers for the Nether land-area. 



Norway. Northern Waters 

1. Enemy Situation; 

At the 18th Group there were 23 planes detected over the central a nd 
northern North Sea up to the Norwegian coast, 

2. Own Situation; 

Towards noon ten enemy planes were reported in the area of Bergen, 
towards 1810 three mosquitos were reported in the area of Stavanger, 
Kristiansund which did not attack. 

Twenty one northbound and 37 southbound ships were escorted. 

The Commander Submarines Norway reports that on the 15 March previously 
ten from the 20 March 13 from the 25 March 1? and from 1 April 20 Sub- 
marines would be ready for operations. At present the Commander Sub- 
marines Norway has 25 boats and two test-boats at his disposal for 
operational effort. By means of a system of short termed repair work 
by a repair ship there is tried to have the utmost strong number of 
boats at disposal in case that convoys may approach. But this kind of 
short repair may lead to the fact that the boats may be strongly worn 
out in the course of time and then break down for longer time. For 
this reason the Commander Submarines Norway deems it necessary to have 



-150- CONFIDENTIAL 



~ 



CONFIDENTIAL 
10 Mar. 19^ 

With the 19 February the Naval Command North reported in reference to 
the laying of coastal mines type A-harrages. For the minelaying the 
Naval Command asks for at least ten naval landing craft ("both, four 
for the Dutch coast and Danish West coast and two for the Heligoland 
Bight) for about six or eight weeks. The execution of the planning 
should be imposed to the Commanding Admiral Defences North. On the 
5 March the Naval Command North submitted the condensed planning of 
mining operations of the Admiral Denmark with his own judgment for 
the Danish west coast. 

The Naval Staff approved the proposal of the Naval Command North and 
ordered the production of the 240 coastal mines type3 A which were 
additionally required. The Naval Staff proposes to lay out the bar- 
rage 2 e not in a straight line from Nordmannstief but in sinuous 
manner in the fairway. The demanded naval landing craft for laying 
out the coastal mine type A-barrages would not be at disposal. The 
Naval Command North must strive for emergency solution in the Denmark- 
area with combined operation boats or towed lighters and has to take 
up contact with the Group Vest on temporary transfer of ferry barges 
or motor minesweepers for the Netherland-area. 



Norway. Northern Waters 

1, Enemy Situation; 

At the 18th Group there were 23 planes detected over the central and 
northern North Sea up to the Norwegian coast. 

2. Own Situation: 

Towards noon ten enemy planes were reported in the area of Bergen, 
towards 1810 three mosquitos were reported in the area of Stavanger, 
Kristiansund which did not attack. 

Twenty one northbound and 37 southbound ships were escorted. 

The Commander Submarines Norway reports that on the 15 March previous- 
ly ten from the 20 March 13 from the 25 March 17 and from 1 April '20 
Submarines would be ready for operations. At present the Commander Sub- 
marines Norway has 25 boats and two test-boats at his disposal for 
operational effort. By means of a system of short termed repair work 
by a repair ship there is tried to have the utmost strong number of 
boats at disposal in case that convoys may approach. But this kind of 
short repair may lead to the fact that the boats may be strongly worn 
out in the course of time and then break down for longer time. For 
this reason the Commander Submarines Norway deems it necessary to have 



-151- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
10 Mar. 19^ 

a supply of "boats at the least to have a substitute for losses which 
occurs if in further time the convoys should he seized with consider- 
able forces. 

The Hydrographic and Meteorologies^. Division reported on the planning 
of the automatic weather transmitter Gerhard in 7&*5° North and 65,5° 
Bast (Novaya Zemlya), The transmitter worked from 28 August - 30 Octo- 
ber 19^3 • That is to say 70 days in immaculate manner and could be 
heard regularly from the 30 August. From 248 broadcastings 56$ could 
be taken down clearly. Under present technical wireless telegraphy 
conditions in the Northern Area the receiving result is said to be 
satisfactory. 

IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 

1. Enemy situation: 

Nothing to report. 



2. Own Situation: 

There were 28 boats and 3 mine sweeping aircraft engaged in minesweep- 
ing in the Baltic Sea Entrances, in the Baltic Sea 31 boats. Off 
Aarhus two mines were swept and in the Great Belt one mine was swept. 
In doing escort duties on the afternoon of the 9 March the supply ship 
TIEFLAND struck Submarine wreck off Swinemuende and had to be beached. 

In the air raid of Tallinn on the 9 March the minesweeper M "3115" 
was slightly damaged. The patrol-boat VP "1708" which was damaged in 
the airraid on Narva Bay v/as towed into Tallinn and beached. The 
patrol positions in Narva Bay were occupied by four boats of the 1st 
Minesweeping Flotilla, two patrol boats, four armed fishing vessels 
and two artillery ferry barges. 

The patrol boats were attacked by enemy planes at 0645 and 07^5 off 
Kunda. Two planes had been damaged in approach. The antiaircraft 
fire forced the 30 resp. 18 attacking machines to emergency dropping 
of the bombs. In the course of the afternoon air raids on our own 
patrol boats were reported. Damage was not reported. There were 
busy enemy air activity over Tyters. Due to gunfire the planes were 
forced to drop their bombs in emergency at sea and on the island. 

The 6th PT-boats Flotilla with CARL PETERS entered Tallinn - Kopli. 
The mine-carrier RHEIN entered Palkiski. The netlayers n 19" and "26" 
with six working boats stood in passage from Libau to Tallinn. 



-152- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
10 Mar. 1944 

In the enemy air raid on Tallinn on the 9 March the Naval Food Depot 
sustained hits in the engine room. Moreover there were hit some bar- 
racks, the Air Raid Precautions headquarters and the hospital. The 
garrison administration sustained building damage, the port store- 
house was destroyed to 3°# and the wood wool storage was totally des- 
troyed. The 2nd Battery of the Naval Antiaircraft Detachment 711 
received direct hit. Seven or eight attacking planes were shot down 
by antiaircraft artillery and eleven ones by night fighters. The am- 
munition of the Air Force antiaircraft artillery, which exhausted its 
ammunition in short time could be filled up by the Navy. 

The coastal PT-boats provided for Lake Peipus are ready for loading 
in Kiel four ones each on the 15 resp. 23 March. 



V. Merchant Shipping. 

1. According to information of the Reich Commissioner of Maritime 
Shipping there must be counted on the following shipments in March: 

"The amount of shipping space for the Armed Forces Supply and the sup- 
plies of the war economical industries in Norway comes to round about 
433 000 tons. 

For the supply of Finland 16 300 tons are required while 50 000 tons 
have to be transported to the Ostland plus the rest of hay and straw. 

In the German coastal shipping (without coal) there are to transport 
78 - 103000 tons in both directions. 

In the coastal coal traffic there are to be shipped 201000 tons and in 
addition further quantities from Rotterdam referring to shipping per- 
formances. 

Prom Oxelisund about 150 000 tons of ore will be collected." 

The Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff set up a survey of the enemy 
losses of merchant ships from 1 September 1939 to 31 December 1943. 
Copy in reference Operations 1 SXL 5373/44 GKdos in War Diary Part D, 
Volume "Enemy losses in merchant shipping". These arose to in total 
31 253 084 BRT, thereoff 17.4 allotted to the British flag and 4,8 
million G-RT are fall to the USA. Thereoff about 16,5 million BRT 
are alotting submarine performances 4 million BRT to the Air Force, 
to surface forces about 1.76 million BRT, to mines 1.39 million BRT. 
The Japanese and Italian results amounts to altogether about five 
million BRT. The numbers named are checked cyphers of losses. 



-I53- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
10 Mar. 3.9^ 

VI. Submarine Warfare. 

At the Group "Preussen" the Submarine U "255" seized at 2200 on the 
9 February a convoy steering in AL 1771 and is thought to have sunk a 
destroyer with Zaunkoenig torpedo.* Returning to home base the Sub- 
marine TJ "8^5" sighted on the 10 March a convoy steering 20° in BE 
I960. The Submarine U ; n 653 n operating in direction of this report 
seized at midnight of 11 March a group of destroyers steering 20° in 
BF 2^51 and sunk a destroyer with Zaunkoenig torpedo.* At 2217 the 
U "575" sighted one destroyer in BE ^956. At I655 the Submarine 
U M 625 rt reported heavy damage and sinking from AL 8521. Two boats from 
the vicinity are sent out for rescue work. Among these boats which were 
in passage to the place of accident, Submarine U "256" was attacked 
twice by planes. 

On the 9 March the Submarine U "183" sunk a tanker of 5000 BRT in the 
Indian Ocean in LN 2726. 



711. Aerial Warfare 
West Area: 

From the day no essential reports were submitted* During the night 
of the 10 March several hundred enemy planes approaches had been re- 
ported. Air- fields and antiaircraft emplacements had been attacked. 
The aircraft repair shop Bloch within the airfield of Chateauroux 
was seriously hit. But in spite of heavy damage the airfields remained 
approachable. 



Reich Territory: 

Only isolated enemy approaches were reported during the night. In the 
evening some bombs were dropped on Bocholt, Rheinhausen and Krefeld. 



Mediterranean Theater . 

On the 9 March the enemy attacked with 650 planes our c*fn positions 
and supply roads in the Front-area of Anzio and in the area of Rome. 
Further attacks were carried out on transport installations near 
Taquinia and Orbetello, 

According to photographical reconnaissance on the 2 March there were 
lying in Mers el Kebir one battle ship of the TEXAS-class, two destroy- 
ers, one tanker, seven steamers, two transports, 38 small landing craft 
and other ships, in Oran one Italian cruiser of the MONTE CUCOLI-class, 

-I54- CONFIDENTIAL 



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CONFIDENTIAL 
10 Mar. 19^4 

three submarines, two transports, three tanker, 28 steamers and other 
ships; in Arzeu one destroyer, one escort-boat, three LST, four LCT 
250, one special service ship, one steamer and other ships# 

On the 10 March our own reconnaissance observed busy shipping between 
Ctranto and "Bari, two destroyers at 1350 between Otranto and Brindisi, 
two torpedo-boats and one coastal vessel steering northerly courses. 
Off Brindisi there was lying a big steamer, 160 miles northwest of 
Bengasi a convoy consisting of six patrol vessels and 44 steamers was 
sighted at 0625 steering north-westerly course. And at 14-50 the air 
reconnaissance also spotted 90 miles south of Rhodos three destroyers 
heading HW. 

Own air operation were not reported. 



Eastern Area. 

On the 9 March 1425 own and 626 enemy flights were counted on the 
Eastern Front. Thirty six enemy planes were reported to be shot down 
with nine own losses. 



VIII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. 

1. Area of the Naval Pro up Vest: 

Enemy Situation: 

The large scale enemy convoy which put out to the Atlantic on the 
morning of the 9 March consisted of large scale transports among them 
one of 25 000 BRT and seven of about 15000 BRT. The aircraft carrier 
were estimated to a tonnage of 20 resp. 16 000 BRT. The type could not 
be recognized. 

On the afternoon of the 9 March another convoy consisting of eleven 
ships, among them six transports left the Mediterranean to the West. 
On the 10 March at 0330 three transports, two auxiliary aircraft car- 
riers and six corvettes entered the Mediterranean. One cruiser of the 
FIDJI-class joined the enemy outgoing. 

At 1015 Cape Spartel reported a convoy of 45 ships steering east and 
at 1500 Tariffa reported the passing of a convoy of 51 freighters and 
seven tankers and one auxiliary cruiser to the Mediterranean. 



-155- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
10 Mar. 1944 

Own Situation: 

At 1330 two enemy submarine were sighted from the shore seven miles 
south of St. Tropez. Two harbor defense "boats left for submarine- 
hunt. 



2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy. 

Enemy Situation: 

According to Radio Monitoring the hospital ship SEMINOLE which was 
reported to he sinking north of Philippeville arrived of Oran. On 
the 10 March at 1620 an USA-steamer gave SSS-report 40 miles NNE of 
Palermo and at 16^+0: "ship abandoned" following Eadio Monitoring. 

Off the beachhead, our air reconnaissance observed increased shipping. 
In forenoon there were observed three big eight or ten medium tonnage 
merchant ships and ten escort-vessels and busy discharge traffic south 
of Anzio. Fifteen or 20 vessels which were escorted by seven destroy- 
ers were lying stopped eight miles south of Nettuno. Three mine- 
sweepers were sighted west of Anzio, which were to be suspected in 
doing minesweeping. 

At 0300 a disbanded group of ships of about 20 merchantmen was reported 
in the area up to the Gulf of Gaeta which was escorted by 12 destroyers 
and escort vessels. The course and speed were not announced. 



Own Situation: 

The minelayer KEHRWIEDER and one naval landing craft left Spezia for 
a mining operation. 

On the afternoon of the 9 March a new strong air raid was carried out 
on St. Stefano thus curtailing the firefighting activities. The mine- 
sweeping at our own barrages was impaired during the night of the 
9 March owing to bad weather. There were no results. 



3, Area of the Naval Group South 

a, Adriatic: 

Supplementary there was reported, that in Corcula on the 3 March one 
Siebelferry was shot afire by enemy fighters which could be extinguished. 

-I56- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
10 Mar. 194^ 

On the 5 March six enemy fight er-bombers attacked the wreck of the 
steamer POTESTA in Cattaro with bombs. On the 7 March the Naval- 
arsenal Tivat was attacked in vain "by enemy fighters with gunfire in 
Jattaro-Bay. 

On the evening of the 9 March the lighthouse Liviste on Corcula was 
fired with 2cm guns. 

On the 10 March "between 0150-0215 the snemy destroyer LUMBARDA opened 
fire on Corcula with 20 rounds of 10.5 cm. No casualties. At 0601 
an enemy submarine was sighted off Corcula. 



b. Aegean 

On the 9 March between 2145-2225 the submarine chaser "21W were 
newly engaged with two "British PT-boats and one plane in the waters 
of "Rhodes. Both the attacking boats were damaged; one was set in 
flames. 

After having attacked three times they shoved off to Turkish terri- 
torial waters. No own casualties occured. Presumably these were 
PT-boats. 

c. Black Sea 

Enemy Situation 

In the whole area, our own air reconnaissance did not identify new 
facts. Skadovsk and Horly as well as Tshurum were newly spotted. 
The PT-boats were not observed. According to statements made by 
prisoners, suspension of the ordered passage of transfer of the PT- 
boats to Skadovsk and return may be suspected. 



Own Situation; 

The submarine hunt south of Tarchankutsk was continued. Two of 
our own submarines were sent out against the Russian freighter 
"AIATOLSEROV" which was due to leave on the 10 or 11 March from 
Trabzan. In Kerch-straits the patrol lines had no special events. 

One battery of the Naval Artillery Detachment 6l4 operating on land 
v/arfare dispersed an enemy column of about 300 men with well aimed 
fire. Another battery of this Naval Artillery Detachment destroyed 
three enemy guns on the 9 and 10 March. 



-I57- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
10 Mar. 19^ 

About 19000 cargo tons were in operation for Crimea supply to and fro 
from the 1-10 March. There were 13777 tons of supplies and 2587 men 
transported to and 4012 cargo tons and 238O soldiers from Crimea. 



IX. Situation Bast Asia. 
Nothing to report. 



******************** 



( 



- 



-I58- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
11 Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Importance. 

Following an information of Hull, Ireland refused the request of the 
USA on removal of the Axis delegations. According to an Exchange- 
report, De Valera declared, that he made himself responsible for the 
fact, that no secrets of the 2nd Front would ooze out. 

According to report of the Naval Attache Helsinki the Finnish Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs confirmed, that the Finnish note of reply to Moscow 
would contain a declaration of willingness for further discussion on 
all items. The Foreign Office in Berlin thinks, tnat the acute crisis 
had been overcome. 



Conference on the situation with the Commander in Chief. Navy . 

I. The Quartermaster General reports, that one has succeeded in ex- 
changing the forth rangefinder of the "battleship "TIRPITZ" and that 
nevertheless the antiaircraft command post C will he completed until 
the date of 15 March. The repair of the diesel engines, will also he 
speeded up. Up to the end of April one set will he ready. 

II. Regarding the leading organization in the Northern Waters combi- 
nation of the commands of the Admiral Northern Waters and the Comman- 
der Submarines Norway is planned. The Commander in Chief, Navy 
requests, that the employment of the Commander Submarines Norway must 
be expressed in the nomination of this Command. Therefore the Quar- 
termaster General proposes the notation: "Admiral Northern Waters 
and Commander Submarines Norway." The Commander in Chief, Navy 
agreed with this. 



In a highly restricted circle. 

III. The Commander in Chief, Navy orders to advice the Chief Commit- 
tee for Naval Construction (Chief manager Merker) by telegram on the 
delays of fixed terms in the production of the small new warships con- 
structions. 

IV. Army Situation: 

The withdrawal in the South of the Eastern Front is lasting on. 

In the area of Volikie Luki the battle extended to a strong large 
3cale attack. In the whole our main line of battle could be 
de fenced. 

-159- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
11 Mar. 19^ 

All the enemy attacks could "be repulsed successfully south and north 
of Pskov* Near Narva our own front line had to "be withdrawn to two km. 

Special Items 

I. The Chief of Staff of Naval Staff went to the Fuehrer's Headquar- 
ters for discussion. 

II. Concerning the Operation "Tanne" . 

In answering the directive of the Naval Staff concerning the organiza- 
tion of the Aland-Islands the Naval Command East reports, that at first 
the 17th Patrol-boat Flotilla with its Staff and eight drifters of the 
Coastal Defence Flotilla are provided for the Aland-Islands. At the 
time of keyword issue the flotilla will he concentrated at once and 
comes to operation in the first wave. Place of initial organization, (^ 

Tallinn. If by detailing the 17th Patrol-boat Flotilla the diminution 
of forces of the Commander Minesweepers East may be bearable, will 
depend on the development of the situation. As the boats of the 
Coastal Defence Flotilla only will be ready for war from yi March the 
armed fishing vessels of the 31 g t Minesweeping Flotilla will be pro- 
vided for up to this time. The Naval Command East considers it 
especially important to seize and to employ all the suitable boats 
found at the Island as quick as possible in order to release the 17th 
Patrolboat Flotilla. In the area of the Commanding Admiral Defences 
East no cut will be possible. 



III. The Naval Staff transmits the directive of the Armed Forces 
High Command/Operations Staff concerning the protection of the Kiel- 
Canal to the Naval Command East and to the Naval Command North, with 
copy to Group North/Fleet and contemplates an order on organizational 
regulations. Copy of relevant draught 1 SK I op 7650/44 GKdos in War 
Diary Part C, Volume III. 



17. Verifications on enemy aircraft mines salvaged in the Dutch area 
yielded the fact that all the mine salvaging did occur in the area of 
Den Helder and north-east off it. The mines near Den Helder were 
equipped with mine fuses, the rest was not* No enemy aircraft mines 
were salvaged on the Dutch west coast. The location of mines (close 
together in small areas) made concluding from operation of PT-boats. 
It may be assumed that these mines had been planted with time fuse 
devices. Thereof f the Naval Staff draws the conclusion, that the 
enemy plan of landing in the area north-east of Den Helder would not 
be out of question but would have only little probability, while they 
would be unhindered by minelaying in the Dutch west coast because here 



-I6O- CONFIDENTIAL 



( 



CONFIDENTIAL 
11 Mar. 1944 

time fuse devices are, although not identified "but still possible. The 
Air Force Operations Staff Navy Liaison, Armed Forces, High Commend/ 
Operations Staff Navy and the Commander in Chief of the Air Force 
Aerial mine Inspectorate were informed of this judgment of the Naval 
Staff. 



V. A conclusive consideration on the "blockade run with surface 
vessels during the time from 1941-1944 was set up by the Operations 
Div. /Naval Staff with the date of 2 March. Copy as per 1 SKL I g 
672/44 GKdos Chefsache in War Diary Part C, Volume IX. During the 
whole time 35 ships with about 257 770 tons of cargo left East Asia 
for running the blockade, 16 of these reached their aim with about 
111 490 tons of cargo. As matters were developing probably it might 
be more suitable in composing the cargo for the East-Asia - Europe 
Traffic in such a manner as to put the food fats to the background 
for the benefit of the caoutchouc. The discernment of the necessity 
to prefer the importation of caoutchouc at any date only became im- 
portant in the period of transshipment of 1943/44- but without obtain- 
ing any particular effect then. In continuing the blockade run with 
transport submarines it will be necessary to check the distribution 
of freight particularly carefully. In these circumstances and in 
accordance to the improvement of the Buna-production the importance 
would have to be shifted to other scarce raw materiel. Thereby, first 
of all the ores of the steel refinement were considered on. Also this 
situation must be taken in consideration in continuing the transport 
Submarine program as the transport-Submarines now being in construction 
are generally prepared for caoutchouc transportation. 

VI. The development of situation in the area of tne Army Group A and 
South will make it necessary to examine the question of Nicolaev 
evacuation and at the least of the thinning out of Odessa, On the 
part of the Navy, Nicolaev is already thinned out to a large extent. 
In spite of everything the evacuation in all sectors still requires 
transport efficiencies of vast extent. The Naval Staff is not able 
to order relevant directives as it is only receiving the reports on 
the situation and their Judgment on the part of the Armed Forces High 
Command and of the General Staff of the Army with some delay. There- 
fore the Naval Liaison Officer attached to the General Staff of the 
Army Operation Department is requested to work out orders for the 
Army Group A and Army Group South, so that at any rate the early in- 
struction of the Naval Group South and of the Admiral Black Sea must 
be secured in order that no precious materiel will be captured by the 
enemy or will have to be destroyed. The Armed Forces High Command 
Operations Staff, Navy will be informed with copy to this request. 



-161- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
11 Mar. 19^ 

VII. The Group South is reporting, that inflation is continuing in 
Greece. The original announcement of demand of the Admiral Aegean 
for the month of March amounted to 500 milliards. In the course of 
the month further 300 milliards, 800 millions only by the Dockyard 
Control Staff were asked for. Thereby the allotment will be counted 
onto in total with 800 milliards at the highest and thereoff only 
50$ in cash while further extra-charges could already be expected 
definitely. Disadvantageous effects on the dockyard sector remain 
inevitable. 

The same result is showing a telegram of the Reich Commissioner of 
Maritime Shipping, Plenipotentiary for Greece who in details alleged 
the failure of new constructions and repairs on shipyards in the 
Aegean area which is resulting in consequence of the cut in March 
etat of the Reich Commissioner of Maritime Shipping of 88 milliards. 



Vlil. The German Naval Command Italy reports, that on the north and east 
coast of Corsica and on the east coast of Sardinia the enemy estab- 
lished an exhaustive Radar surveying service. In addition to devices 
set up on shore, the enemy is employing planes and PT-boats as Radar- 
carrier. In comparison with this the coasts of our own areas are 
only feeble equipped, the devices existing are liable to break down 
and obsolete* so that insufficient measuring distances could be 
reached only. Therefore, the supply by far ranging Radar sets and 
Radar Interception sets for surveying the coastal forwarded areas 
are thought to be urgently necessary. The naval forces of the Ger- 
man Naval Command Italy do not possess any Radar sets with exception 
of SG n 15."* The board Radar groups cannot detect enemy PT-boats, 
because they have no intermediate wave sets and the operational sets 
are only effective for the enemy naval reconnaissance wave. In effect 
of this want our own operations are seriously impaired. 

The matter will be treatea further by the Chief of Naval Communica- 
tions Division. 



( 



IX. For the intended blockade of the Russian PT-boat bases at the Taur- 
ien coast the Group South asked for immediate sending of 225 firing me- 
chanism A 1.* The Naval Staff advises the Group that the firing de- 
vices Al and A2 are not suited for operations against PT-boats because 
of their unsufficient accuracy of fire. Operations with shallow timed 
anti submarine mines with snag line seems to be suitable. The Under- 
water Obstacles Branch was ordered to send 250 snag lines and special 
horns for the anti-submarine mines as quick as possible to Constantsa. 



-162- COHFIDBNTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
11 Mar. 1944 

X. In evaluating the communications the Naval Intelligence Div./ 
Naval Staff Foreign Navies reports of the technical tat tax ions of the 
US-Navy. Copy as per 1 SKL 9827/44 Geheim in War Diary Part C 
Volume XVII. 

In the whole, these technical "battalions have the tasks which the 
Organization Todt is doing here. 



XI. The collection of enemy reports intercepted in the time from 
28 February to 5 March by Radio deciphering and Radio Monitoring is 
in the observation report ITr. 10/44. 



Situation 11 March 1944 
I. War in Foreign Waters. 

1. Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 



2. Own Situation: 

The Naval Attache Tokyo was informed with Radiogram 2026 from the arri- 
val of "KI1TER" on the morning of the 11 March. 



II. Situation Yfest Area: 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group there were 16, at the 19th Group 48 and at the 
Azores Squadron seven planes and five crash-planes were detected on 
mission. Two British vessels were detected in the rendez-vous area, 



2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 
One mine was swept in the area of La Pallice. At 0945 the convoy 

-I63- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
11 Mar. 19^4 

"Kiefer" arrived at Lorient. "Report on meeting and receptional pas- 
sage see Radiogram 1530* The group had to repulse strong enemy air 
raids. The operation of the Air Commander Atlantic Coast and the 
skillful tactics of "Kiefer" were emphasized. One Ju 88 was shot 
down, another one is still missing. 

For participation in the welcome of "Kiefer" the operations Div./ 
Auxiliary Courses Section detailed Lieut. Cdr. Neuss. 

Two submarines were escorted incoming. 



Channel Area: 

Six mines were swept between Dunkerque and Ostende. Minesweeping 
was suspended owing to moon clearness* 

The 5th and 9th PT-boat Flotillas with eleven boats transferred from 
Cherbourg to Brest. 

With the 26 February the Group West issued a directive to the Command- 
ing Admiral Defences West concerning the laying of barrages and in- 
formed the Naval Staff. During the new moon period in March, there 
are to lay the barrages N 5 t 6 and 7 by the 4th and 5th Torpedoboat 
Flotillas, further between Dunkerque and Calais the outflanking bar- 
rages OK 7» 8» 9. 10, 11 by motor minesweepers of the 2nd Coast 
Patrol Force. 

As soon as possible the Blitz-barrages Blitz 4-9, 50 and 51 are to be 
laid too by mine-naval landingcraft in Douarnenez-Bight. 

The Naval Staff allocates the 220 LMB/s* with Firing unit AA1* which 
are still required for the barrages OK 10 and 11. 



• 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters. 

North Sea: 

The Commanding Admiral Defences North transmits the report of the 
leading officer of the convoy 1229 on the engagement with enemy FT- 
boats on the morning of 10 March. Copy see Radiogram 1640. 

Both one mine was swept off Terschelling and Schiermonikoog. 



-164- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
11 Mar. 19^ 

Norway /Northern Waters 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 18th Group Command 27 planes were detected over the central 
North Sea, 

2. Own Situation: 

At 21^4-2 on the 10 March two enemy PT-boats attacked the Petsamo - 
Eirkenes convoy without effect. The raid was repulsed by motormine- 
sweepers. Both one enemy plane was sighted in the area of Feiestein - 
Lister and off Obrestad and off Oslo. 

The Naval Command Norway is planning to occupy both Follaf jord and 
Skudesnesf «jord which are thought to be the focal points of the enemy 
submarine positions with one of our own boats each. The command of 
the submarine-hunt has the Commander of 11th resp. 13th Submarine- 
flotilla in cooperation with the Commanding Admiral of this area who 
will be responsible for security measures. 

Thirty four northbound and J6 southbound ships were escorted. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 

1. Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 



2. Own Situation: 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances there were 27 in the remaining Baltic 26 
boats and two mine exploding vessels engaged in minesweeping. One 
ground mine was swept east of Ruegen. In the whole area of the Baltic 
Sea, escort duties were carried out without special events happening. 

The Commander (Minelayers) arrived at Pillau with "BRUMMER" and 
"ROLAND", three boats of the 6th PT-boat Flotilla carried out a recon- 
naissance thrust into the Narva Bay and then were detailed for rein- 
forcement of the Narva patrol during the 11/12 March. 

In the afternoon, destroyers Z "28" and Z "39" anchored on Tallinn 
roads. Coastal bombardment is planned for dawn of the 12 March with 
three destroyers. 



-165- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIA L 
11 Mar. 19*j4 

The nightfighter directing ship "TOGO" arrived at Rangoe. 

The Naval Command East submitted the planning for "Seeigel" to the 
Commander (Minesweepers) East. There are planned the "barrage A for 
"blocking the Narva Bay to the West consisting of 1628 mines and 950 
cutting floats. So far as icing conditions are allowing, the bar- 
rage is to "be laid in one night by four destroyers, six torpedo boats 
six minesweepers, twelve mine-naval landing craft and the Minelayers 
"ROLAND" and "LINZ" and ""BRUMMIE." Supply of mines is taking place 
in Tallinn, Baltiski and Pillau. The barrage B is to be laid between 
Hochland and Tyters on a distance of nine miles because the shallow 
barrages are mostly swept by the drifting ice. There are provided 
600 mines and 210 cutting floats. Fifteen naval landingcraft are pro- 
vided to carry the mines. 

The Operations Div. /Naval Staff agreed with this plan. 



V. Submarine Warfare. 

The Submarine U "255" still could not set up contact with the reported 
convoy. Further reports of any importance from the Atlantic and the 
Indian Ocean were not submitted. 



VI. Aerial Warfare 

West Area 

During the day 20 enemy planes penetrated into Belgium/Northern France 
without attacks. Further stronger groups attacked airfields and 
transport installations. Details see situation of the day. Coming 
from the South there penetrated several hundred four-engined enemy 
planes with fighter cover into Western France in the afternoon. A 
serious raid took place on the town and arsenal of Toulon. Naval anti- 
aircraft artillery shot down two bombers and one fighter. Our own 
fighters shot down one bomber and two fighters and sustained one loss. 
Further raid was carried out on Lonseyne southwest of Toulon. 

On the evening and during the night of 11 March 60 enemy planes were 
reported to be in Western France which probably carried out flights 
for supplying agents. Thirty planes flew over the Atlantic coast up 
to the Spanish border to and fro and carried out gunfire attacks on 
antiaircraft and search-light positions. Minelaying is suspected 
by 20 enemy planes in the area between Brest and St. Nazaire. Further 
15 flights took place in Western France carried out from the South but 
yielded no attacks. 



-166- CONFIDENTIAL 



*l 



> 



CONFIDENTIAL 
11 Mar. 19^ 

Five of our own fighter bombers carried out harassing attacks in the 
area of South England. 



Reich Territory: 

From 0935 - 1015 100 enemy planes with fighter escort penetrated via 
Zuider Zea into the area of Muenster. Muenster was attacked with 371 
high explosives and 279 liquid bombs. Eight villages and airfields 
were also attacked in the districts of Muenster and Steinfurt. The 
results of our own defence are not yet known. 

Fairly strong groups presumably Mosquitoes, penetrated into the area 
of Essen - Bonn - Scheeifel - St. Vieth in the evening. Isolated 
plane3 penetrated via the Heligoland Bay into the area of Hamburg - 
Hannover • Single bombs were dropped on Harburg and Hamburg-port, 



Mediterranean Theater. 

Nine enemy reconnaissance planes were reported over the Aegean and 
three south of Peloponnesos on the 10 March. Two Spitfire were shot 
down by antiaircraft artillery over Southern Albania. St. Stefano, 
railroaas and the airfield of Orvieto were attacked in the Italian 
area. Three hundred and twenty enemy planes fighted our own ground 
troops in the Front area and beachhead of Anzio. Two hundred and 
twenty enemy planes attacked transport installations in the area of 
Rome and inflicted serious damage on the marshalling yards of Littorio 
and Tibartina. Five of the attacking planes vere shot down. More- 
over railway installations between Orbetello and Tarquinia and Cas- 
tiglione were attacked. 

Isolated enemy planes attacked own minesweepers in the area of Elba. 

Six planes of the Italian airtorpedo group attacked ship targets in 
the area of Anzio. One steamer was damaged. 

On the 11 March our own air reconnaissance spotted a convoy of 30 
steamers with four escort-vessels 70 miles ENE of Alboran heading west 
and at 0825 a convoy of 51 merchantmen with four destroyers and three 
escort vessels steering east 80 miles NW of Algiers. 



Eastern Area 



-167- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDBSTTIAL 

11 Mar. 1944 

Sevenhundred and seventy enemy and 1354 own missions were counted on 
the 10 March at the Eastern Front. Six own losses and 23 enemy planes 
were reported to be shot down. 

Photographic reconnaissance in the Black Sea carried out "by the 4th 
Air Force on the 11 March revealed the following: 

in Mariupol one auxiliary landing craft, four landing boats, three 
coastal vessels and 15 boats 

in Berdiansk one auxiliary landing ship and 38 fishing vessels. 

in G-enichesk six fishing vessels 

in Primorsko four big ships and ten boats. 

in Yeisk three torpedo boats, one tug, 30 landing ships and 48 boats. 

At the berths of the Kerch Straits there were altogether 40 landing 
ships. 



VII . Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. 

1. Area of the Naval Group West 

Enemy Situation: 

Four freighters, two tankers and two escort vessels left Gibraltar in 
the evening, Atlantic bound. 

Own Situation: 

Following the reports which were received up to now one submarine, 
one minesweeper, two steamers, two tugs and one smoke carrier were 
sunk during the heavy airraid on Toulon in the afternoon. Another 
submarine burned out. Three submarines and one steamer was damaged. 
Heavy damage was inflicted on dock and quai installations and in the 
area of the town. The staff headquarters of the Port Commander and 
the 29th Submarines Flotilla was damaged resp. destroyed. Eleven 
men were killed in action and aproximately 50 partially were seriously 
injured. 

At 1415 on the 10 March the French steamer PLATQN (4450 BRT) was at- 
tacked with gunfire by eight or ten multi-engined enemy planes off 

-168- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
11 Mar. 19^ 

Port de 3ouc. Several men were wounded. Seven vessels with 1200 3RT 
were escorted off the southern French coast. 



2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy: 

Enemy Situation: 

The night reconnaissance of the harbor and roads of Naples revealed 
75 freighters with altogether *H6 000 BRT, one troop transport of 
12000 BRT, two thought to be destroyers, ten thought to be LST and 
three LCJ. 

During the night eleven ship targets were located off the beachhead 
and one burning ship was recognized. On the morning of the 11 March 
air reconnaissance spotted off A.nzio three big and seven transports 
of medium- tonnage, off Nettuno, one medium-sized transport, five 
landing craft and northwest of Ponza two small war vessels. 

No enemy forces were sighted off the Italian East coast on the after- 
noon of the 10 March and on the morning of the 11 March. The amount 
of ships lying in the ports of Yiesti and Termoli could not be recog- 
nized. 



Own Situation: 

The minelayer 7EHRWIEDER and one naval landing craft carried out a 
minelaying operation on the 10 March in the area of Capraio as 
planned and torpedoboat TA "20" did the same during the night of 
10 March south of Ancona. 

Minesweeping in the own barrage off Elba was continued during the 
night of 10 March without effect. 

On the 10 March enemy air raids were carried out on St. Stefano port 
and town, on one of our own convoys SSE of Leghorn, on one of our own 
convoys southbound of Vada and on motorminesweepers off Capraila with- 
in the patrol lines and on the 11 March at 0001 on two battle ferries 
sailing southward NNW of St. Stefano. In no case damage was inflicted, 

During the night of the 11 March an operation of one PT-boat against 
the enemy shipping off the beachhead is provided. 



-169- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
11 Mar. 19^ 

3. Area of the Naval Group South: 

a. Adriatic: 

On the 8 March the motor sailing ship USKOK was shot afire "by enemy 
PT-hoats. 

At 0000 on the 11 March the motor ship RONYNELLA was attacked oy two 
enemy artillery "boats off Peljesac-peninsula. One officer was res- 
cued, the crew and furloughers were taken prisoner. 

Owing to sabotage on electrical wire lines the supply of electricity 
for the dockyards in Trieste was reduced to 30$. Repair work is 
started. 



• 



d. Aegean: 

In noon and in the afternoon hoth an enemy submarine was sighted off 
Potamos (Crete) and south of Koos. 

Additionally was reported on the action of the submarine chaser "2144" 
with enemy PT-hoats on the evening of the 9th March northwest of 
Rhodes, that "battle contact was established six miles southeast of Cape 
Alupo on "battle distance of 1500-1800 m. On the return passage of the 
convoy wreckage was sighted. Heavy detonations were heard in Rhodes 
out at sea at 2230. 



c. Black Sea: 

Enemy Situation: 

Amount of ships lying in the harbor see Aerial Warfare. 

Owing to Radio Monitoring only unimportant small ship navigation on 
the East Coast was detected, in the northern and southern part "both a 
submarine, on the central east coast five PT-ooats and one motor gun 
"boat. 

One of our own convoys reported submarine alarm at 1100 25 miles NNE 
of Constantsa and the submarine chaser escorting this convoy located 
a submarine in the same area. 



♦ 



Own Situat i on : 



-I70- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIA L 
11 Mar. 19^ 

At 2300 on the 10 March bombs were dropped on Kamish Burun without 
causing damage. At 0830 on the 11 March Ivanbaba was attacked by- 
strong groups which dropped rocket fragmentation bombs and 15 cm 
shells with tail unit and about 500 light and medium high explosive 
bombs. One attacking plane was definitely and one may probably shot 
down. Four PT-boats sustained slight splinter damage. On S "2+9" one 
engine room was waterlogged. Base-quarters were slightly damaged. 
The losses were: two men killed in action, two wounded. 

No special events were reported from the patrol line in the Kerch 
straits. 

Submarine hunt, minesweeping and clearing work, channel sweeping and 
escort service v/ere carried out as planned. Special events were not 
reported. 

The Admiral Black Sea transmitted the following directives to his 
chief of transportation for discussions with the army: 

1. "In operating with full scale the Admiral Black Sea can at 
present put at monthly disposal: large scale shipping space ko 000 
freight tons, tank ships about 10 000 freight tons, lighters, train 
ferries- motor sailing ships about 30 000 freight ton3. Therewith 
can be transported in average effect: about 56 000 tons supply 
goods, about 9000 tons of fuel. Fuel transportations may be in- 
creased in operating with tank lighters. But only at the expense 
of supply goods. 

2. With increased effort of tugs for thinning up Nikolaev ade- 
quate more efficiency with lighters. 

3. It will be matters of the Army Group to balance the total 
demands to these performances and to decide priority. The Admiral 
31ack Sea orders adequate operation. The space of transportation of 
troop transports Odessa - Crimea is not suitable, because there may 
occur total losses which then may cost high casualties. According 
to the opinion of the Admiral Black Sea the efficiency of the naval 
landing craft operating for this purpose will be sufficient. At im- 
proving weather conditions increasing will be expected. 

b. Naval landing craft will only be suitable for transports of 
wounded when they can be converted quickly and in emergency for this 
purpose. But this may only be carried through at the expenses of 
Crimea -transportation." 



-I7I- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
11 Mar, 19^ 

VIII. Situation East Asia: 

The Naval Attache Tokyo reports, that a Japanese Submarine "borne air- 
craft spotted two aircraft carriers, two cruisers and several destroy- 
ers in Diego Suarez (North Madagascar) on the 4 March. 

******************** 



# 



-172- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
12 Mar, 19^ 

Sund ay- 
Items of Political Importance: 

Following to Reuter the Irish Prime Minister has "been informed by a 
note of the British Government, that the demand of the USA for closing 
the German and Japanese diplomatic consular offices in Ireland was 
risen in full agreement with the British Government, which for itself 
greeted this initiative warmly. 

The announcement of the USA States Department, that the War Shipping 
Administration would have refused the Irish request for "buying two 
American merchantmen shows the increasing pressure imposed on Ireland. 

In accordance with Reuter Mr. Roosevelt declared in his report to the 
Congress on precautions of the Lend and Lease Act in the year 19^3 
that the shipments to Great Britain in 19^-3 had increased for 100$ in 
comparison with those of 19^2, those to Russia for 11^$, those to 
Africa and the Middle East for 129$, those to China, India Australia 
and New Zealand for 71$. The Lend and Lease support during the year 
19^3 would have come to 11 733.000 000 Dollars. Now the USA would 
have reached the point where half of their national production would 
he appointed for war purposes. 

The Times points towards important diplomatic military shifting of 
appointments of personnel in Turkey. Also the Chief of the General 
Staff, General Orbay newly appointed not until two months ago would 
resign and be replaced by General Omurtag^. 

Regarding the transcription of Italian war ships to Russia Badoglio 
was informed on the part of America that hereby the transcription is 
not involved in legal possession but it purely deals with the question 
of utilization for operational purposes in various theaters. 



Conference on the Situation the Commander in Chief. Navy. 

I. Army Situation: 

Withdrawals of the Army Group A are continued under partial essential 
enemy pressure. Fighting is going on for the possession of Tarnopol. 
Generally all is quiet in the area of the Central Army Group. The 
Army Group North reports effective defense in all battle sections. 



II. Regarding the Aerial Situation there is reported that the enemy 
attacks in the occupied West Areas during the last weeks seized 95 
construction sites (A k) , 35 of those were seriously and 37 slightly 
damaged. 

-173- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
12 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 



III. For the rest no particular reports and decisions. 

In Particular: 

I. Concerning Operation "Tanne". 

a. The Naval Staff urgently demands the General Staff of the 
Army/Operations Div. by the Naval Liaison Officer. 

1. for the exact strength of troops and equipment which are 
to he landed at Hochland. The data are required for the disposition 
of space of transportation. 

2. Confirmation, that the *f00 coastal gunners mentioned in 
the directive of the 28 February are not to detail by the Navy but by 
units of personnel of the Army, because the Navy has no forces avail- 
able. 

b. The Naval Staff informs the Naval Command East, with copy to 
the Group North/Fleet concerning forces for the operation "Tanne" as 
follows: 

1. "The Commander in Chief Armed Forces Norway details: 

a. Army coastal battery: 2*f./976 (10,5 cm 331 F) - 
17./979 (10.5 cm 332 F) - 7./978 (15*5 cm 4l6 F) - 21./976 (15.5 cm 
*U6 F) 

b. Units of personnel (thereby notes of the type of guns) - 

51/977 (10.5 cm 332 F) (translator's note: F = field 

howitzer] 
19/976 (10.5 cm 331 F) 
3V979 (10.5 cm 332 F) 
9/976 (15.5 cm S.F.H. 17 P) [translator 1 s note: SFH = 

heavy field howitzer} 

c. Fortress Engineer Staff 26 with two Sector Groups. 
Fortress Engineer Battalion 26 

Rock Drilling Company 18 

Forces will be held ready in that way that they may depart from Oslo 
eight days after issuing the keyword. 

-174- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
12 Mar, 19^ 

Sunday 

2, The following Naval batteries are provided: 

a. From the Dutch area: 

The "battery Scheveningen, which is still not installed. Amount of time 
from codeword eleven days, 

b. From Norway: 

Battery Droebak, Randoe and Selbenes plus one gun of the battery 
Hysnes, The amount of time reported so far three weeks. 



Appendix: 

1, The Naval Command Norway received the directive 
to diminish the requirement of time essentially, 

2, On the strength of the High Commands Navy directive 
of the 9 March previously was desisted on premature removal of the 
naval batteries regarding to the Judgment of calmer situation in Fin- 
land, In event of accentuation of the situation the Armed Forces High 
Command promised information in right time respectively will put up 
with overdued disposal of the naval batteries in event of immediate 
accentuation of the situation," 

c. The Naval Staff continues to inform the Armed Forces 
High Command/ Operations Staff Navy as follows: 

1. Want of time of the 4l6th Infantry Division from 
issuing the keyword until evacuation from Aalborg 48 hours, 

2, The Commander in Chief, Air Force transmits the 
requirement of time for Air Force Forces from issuing the keyword 
until finishing loading at the station in the area of the 1st Air 
Force, At immediate disposal of wagons 30 hours. The time required 
for transportation from there to Danzig still is unknown. In order 
to cut down the time required for transportation the Air Force Com- 
mand 1 applied the loading ports Libau or Pernau for part of the 
forces* 

Supplement: The Naval Staff presumably will provide Libau, 

d. The Commander in Chief, Air Force/Operations Staff 
transmitted the strength of antiaircraft forces which are to evacuate 
from Danzig for "Tanne". The Quartermaster Division, the Naval Com- 
mand East and the Group North/Fleet will be informed by the Operations 



-175- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
12 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

Div. /Naval Staff. Copy of adequate draught 1 SKL I op 796/44 GKdos 
Chefsache in War Diary Part C Volume III. 



II. Overheard wireless telegraphic traffic "between the Group South 
and the Admiral Black Sea reveals that the thinning up of Nicolaev 
only is deemed necessary in the extent ordered "by the Army Group A 
and will thus he ordered. The Naval Shore Commander Ukraine was or- 
dered for immediate report to the Admiral Black Sea in event that 
the thinning up of Nicolaev would have ordered by local army authori- 
ties "beyond the "boundary provided up till now. 



% 



III. The Naval Attache Tokyo reports that the existance of "Zaun- 
koenig"* and "Fatalist" cannot he concealed no more from the Japan- 
ese without endangering the present relations existing as the 
existance is known from American newspapers according to Japanese 
statements. 

Up till now concealing was still possible with reference to the date 
of departure of the Monsun /"boats. Moreover the Attache Tokyo men- 
tioned that up to now the Japanese Navy was not informed of the non- 
utilization of Radar sets. 

In addition to that the Chief of Naval Communications remarks that 
Japanese representatives were repeatedly informed. As for the rest 
the enemy long time ago changed again to mere action location. 
Nevertheless it may he necessary to ascertain the information of the 
Japanese on experiences of homing the Badar sets. 



Situation 12 March 19^4 
I. War in Foreign Waters. 

1. Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 

2. Own Situation: 

With Radiogram 1809 the "U-JUNKER" reported: 

"1. Owing to weather conditions joint passage to the south- 
west on the 2nd day of supply. The Submarine "LUHDDEN" totally 

-176- CONFIDENTIAL 



> 



CONFIDENTIAL 
12 Mar. 1944 

Sunday 

supplied, the Submarine "JUNKER" except lubrication oil, the "PICH" 
fuel partially, no lubrication oil. At the afternoon Marqua Jota 
Dora 1620 the "LUEDDEN" reports two flying boats, later on own obser- 
vation of carrier-borne air reconnaissance. Smoke plume in the 
South, dived. After attack the "BRAKE" was sunk. The whole crew on 
the "U-PICH". Am proceeding to the north with the "PICE". 

2. "At waiting position no observations. Presumably supplies 
have been compromised in principle." 

The breakdown of likewise this supply ship in the Indian Ocean is ex- 
traordinary regrettable. But suspicion of compromising the entire 
supply plan certainly is obvious though after the sinking of "SCHLIE- 
MANN" the enemy could have counted on the replacement of this vessel 
whose detection would not be too difficult by means of to-day recon- 
naissance aids which are available for the enemy. At any rate far 
extended checking must be made on questions of code security and pos- 
sibilities for treason. The Chief of Naval Communications and Sub- 
marine Division was charged. 



II. Situation West Area; 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group there were 21, at the 19th Group there were 42 
planes and at the Azores Squadrons there were six planes detected in 
operation. At 1343 one British vessel was located in BD 3520. 

At 0555 a plane of the 19th Group reported the sighting of one own 
submarine in BF 4253 at 290° and at 1535 two own destroyers and one 
transport in the latitude of St* Nazaire steering East with five 
knots without noting the longitude. 

At 1900 our own air reconnaissance reported three destroyers in direc- 
tion of 30° 710 miles WW of Brest. 

According to Counter Intelligence report continuous strong transports 
of soldiers and material on sally roads from London to the South on 
the 6th and 7th March were observed from which the London population 
soon concludes action. To the same conclusion comes a London agent 
by the informations that soldiers of the DBA - Air Forces were re- 
called surprisingly from furlough on the 4 and 5 March for the pur- 
pose of transfer from other garrisons to the area of London. The 
source of this informations will be valued positively. 



-177- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
12 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

One mine was swept NNW of Brest, the harbor entrance of Bayonne was 
closed owing to suspected ground mines. 

Five leaving Submarines and one entering Submarine was escorted. 

Destroyers Z "23," ZH "1," T "27, n "29" put out to sea for joint 
exercises and plan then to enter at Brest. 



Channel Area: 

From 0^30 - 0^53 the batteries "Grosser Kurfuerst", "Todt" and "Linde- 
mann" bombarded located targets in AN 7986 without noticeable effect. 

Owing to rough sea, convoy, escort and minesweeping was suspended. 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters. 

North Sea: 

Suspected minelaying was reported in the area of Hook. Owing to 
heavy sea minesweeping was suspended. The patrol positions remained 
unoccupied. On the 11 March 37.826 BUT were escorted in Zealand 
r aters . 



Norway. Northern Waters : 

1, Enemy Situation: 

At the 18th Group 18 planes were detected over the central North Sea, 
At the whole east coast of Great Britain and of Scotland BW-storms 
were reported. 

At 0710 Radio Monitoring detected the report of a Bussian reconnais- 
sance plane on the sighting of one freighter, two patrol ships and 
one minelayer off Vadsoe, 

Our own air reconnaissance reported two freighters (4000 BET each) 
and four patrol boats steering 240° 135 miles south-west of the 
southerly tip of Faeroes, 



-178- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
12 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

2. Own Situation: 

On the afternoon of the 10 March slight shooting took place in the 
area of Petsamo. No damage. On the same day at 1725 the wreck of 
the steamer "NATAL" off Makatier was attacked "by enemy submarine with 
torpedo which detonated ashore. 

At 172? on the 12 March one of our own southbound convoys was attacked 
in AF 6488 presumahly from wide distance "by submarines. Torpedo 
tracks were not sighted, but detonations had "been heard. Submarine 
hunt was commenced by minesweeper M "81," 

Twenty-six northbound and 48 southbound ships were escorted. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 

1. Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report* 



2. Own Situation: 

There were 31 boats in the Baltic Sea Entrances, three minesweeping 
planes, 32 boats in the Baltic Sea and nine minesweeping planes en- 
gaged in minesweeping. 

One mine each was swept in the northern outlet of the Sund t in the 
Kiel-Bay in the Pommeranean Bay, 

Convoys were carried through as planned and without incidents. 

Stand of reinforcements for the Gulf of Finland at 1800: 

AF "29," M 30" in Gotenhafen, 
AF "31" in Stolpmuende, 

AF "32," "3" "5," "46" and "50" in Tallinn, 
AF "37" in Stettin, 
AF "2," "5," "9, H "49" in Memel, 

B "6," "35" WF *119" with the heavy gun carrier "WEST FLANDEEN" fol- 
lowing to dead reckoning off Oesel. 
The motor ship "LINZ" off Swinemuende. 
The minelayers "ROLAND" and "BRIMMER" Pillau. 



-179- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFLPEHTIAL 
12 Mar* 39^ 

S mi&Y 

*. vms _r« elf. 

L',?hu armed fishing vessels of the 31st Minesweeping Flotilla checked 
ti e I'Dur^e of the net without finding objections, 

Ehe Iterva-Bay patrol is carried out by three minesweepers, two patrol 
boats, two artillery ferry barges and four armed fishing vessels and 
also will stay at position in strong misty weather. 

Between 0800 and 0900 three boats of the 6th PT-boats Flotilla car- 
ried oat a reconnaissance thrust into the Narva-Bay. 

The "bc^bardment of land targets was carried out as planned in the 
early nours of the morning. According to observations of the opera- 
tior battalion near Hungerburg good hits were obtained in position 
an., on supply roads of Magerburg - peninsula and in Yenekuele and 
Saarkaele. 

Luring the night of 12 March the laying of the Seeigel I B barrage is 
planned by three destroyers and two minesweepirs and as well the lay- 
ing of the netbarrage frsm the northerly tip of Nargoen at dawn of 
the 13 March. 



V. Submarine Warfare: 

In the Northern Atlantic the Submarine U "311" shot down a 
Fortress-plane on its second attack dropping four bombs at a distance 
of 30 m with a 3.7 cm gun at 0110 in BF 4585. The Submarine U "256" 
reports, that on the 11 March an attacking enemy plane came down 
before opening fire in AL 3^38. 

Further attacks were carried out against the Submarine U B 764 n in 
BF ^687 and the Submarine U "262" in AL 18. 

After putting to sea the Submarine U "7^-1" reported four carrier- 
borne planes, three destroyers and three bombs only slight damage. 

The Submarine U "178" did rot meet the U I T "22" but recognized 
large oil spot at the meeting place. The boat herself recognized 
continuous survey by fast land planes. According to Radio Monitor- 
ing a Submarine was attacked by plane in the same area on the 11 
March and emerged slightly damaged. Four escort vessels were or- 
dered to call up the boat for surrender. Therefore the loss of 
U I T "22" may be possible. 

The crew of the BRAKE was completely embarked on the Submarine 
U "168. " 



-180- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
12 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

The Submarines U "183," "168," "532" and "U I T 2k« received order to 
return to Penang. The Submarine U "188" starts passage to homebase. 
The crew of the BRAKE was partitioned to Submarines U "Ice" and "532." 



VI. Aerial Warfare. 

West Area: 

Only minor flying activity without particular attacks was reported 
both day and night in the occupied West Areas. 

During the night of 12 March 13 Me 110 were sent out for harassing 
attack against London. 



Reich Territory: 

During the day there were no enemy penetrations. Isolated enemy 
planes penetrated in the area Stadtlohn - Essen - Aachen. 



Mediterranean Theater: 

On the 11 March the enemy operated with 600 planes in the Italian 
battle area. The town and airfield of Padua was attacked with strong- 
er groups. 1^2 fighters started for defense among them J6 Italians. 
Our own fighters shot down three bombers and eight enemy fighters. 
Eight of our own and two Italian fighters were lost. 

Further groups attacked the Central Station of Firenze and the station 
of Prato as well as the airfield of Jesi near Ancona. During the 
night of 11 March enemy flights were reported in the area of Turin - 
Genoa - Leghorn. Bombs were dropped on Genoa. 

The own operation in the western l.editerranean carried out in search 
of the east-bound convoy which for the last time was reported at 0825 
kO miles northeast of Cape Tenes, resulted no effect. 

Twelve of our own fighter-bombers with fighter cover attacked ship 
targets off Anzio on the 11 March and damaged one steamer of 2.000 
BRT. Two Spitfires were shot down. 



_181- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
12 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

Eastern Area: 



On the 11 March 1223 own and 505 enemy missions were counted. Six- 
teen enemy planes were shot down by fighters, four ones "by antiair- 
craft artillery. Sight of our own planes were lost. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea: 

1. Area of the Naval Group Vest: 

Enemy Situation: 

At 0730 one eastbound convoy consisting of 51 ship9 and four destroy- 
ers and three escort vessels were reported "by our own reconnaissance 
in CH 5896. 



Own Situation: 

At I630 the German steamer "KALISSI" was attacked by nine enemy planes 
with torpedoes and bombs off the Ebro-estuary within the Spanish 
territorial waters. The ship burnt out and was totally lost. Ten men 
were killed in action, about 15 were wounded. 

Brief report of the Group West of the air raid on Toulon from 11 March 
see Radiogram 0035 • 



2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy: 

Enemy Situation: 

During the night of 11 March our own air reconnaissance located ky 
miles southeast of Maddalena two, eight miles northeast of Cape 
Comino one and south of Nettunia four isolated ships. Twenty or 30 
vessels, lying stopped were detected 25 miles SSE of Nettunia and 
about 30 ships were detected four miles west of Ishia steering north- 
westerly course. 

The air reconnaissance carried out in the forenoon of the 12 March 
identified nothing important off the Italian east coast. 



<* 



-182- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
12 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

Own Situation: 

Convoy traffic, escort-duties and minelaying operations were suspended 
owing to bad weather conditions. 

The operation of Italian MAS-boats during the night of the 11 March 
off the beachhead yielded no results. 

One of our own convoys was engaged with three motor gun-boats whose 
attack was repulsed by well-aimed gun fire on the evening of the 
11 March 1^ miles NW of St. Stefano. One hit presumably was obtained 
on the enemy. 

One coastal motor boat was destroyed by three destroyers in Pedaso. 

At 0735 on the 11 March the minelayers "KEHRWIEDER" and KT "20" were 
successful in shooting down one enemy fighter-bomber in Leghorn. 



3. Area of the Naval Group South. 

a. Adriatic. 

On her passage to Zara the transport KT "6" was engaged with three 
enemy PT-boats west of Sibenic. The ship out-manoeuvred four tor- 
pedoes and arrived Zara with minor casualties. 

Owing to new blastings the shipyards of Trieste and Monfalcone are 
entirely without electricity. 

Ten dead were reported in further surprising attacks of partisans on 
Brae. 

Additionally there was reported on the subject of the sinking of the 
coastal motor ship "RODINELLA" on the 11 March off Peljesac by British 
artillery carrier, that the vessel was captured north of Corcula. 
One of the enemy boats came alongside and took over the crew and about 
20 soldiers. A.fter shoving off from the boat, the vessel and the fur- 
loughers who remained on board were sunk by gunfire. Presumably one 
officer and 30 - 35 men were killed in action. Report was made by a 
lieutenant of the 750th Regiment who swam ashore. 



b. Aegean: 

One motor sailing ship was sunk east of Naxos by enemy plane with in- 
cendiary bombs. Naval antiaircraft artillery obtained the downing of 
one plane. 

-183- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
12 Mar. 1944 

Sunday 

Two mines were swept by mine sweeping plane in the Suda-Bay. 

In the afternoon the convoy "SABINE" arrived at Suda. All other con- 
voys were delayed for 24 hours because of the weather conditions. 



c. Black Sea: 

Enemy Situation: 

On the 11 March the photo graphical reconnaissance of Skadovsk shows 
three small vessels, type not recognizable. No sign has "been seen 
indicating the presence of PT-boats # 

According to Radio Monitoring busy navigation of small vessels was 
observed at the east coast. At the northern Caucasian coast there 
were observed two at the central coast 13 PT-boats, also five motor 
gun-boats, at the southern Caucasian coast one PT-boat and two motor 
gun-boats. 



< 



2. Own Situation: 

Submarine hunt which carried out in the area of the southern Danube 
mouth by six submarine chasers and one motor minesweeper yielded no 
results. 

During the air raid on Ivanbaba on the 11 March a fuel tank with 40 
m3 of fuel burnt out. At 1510 on the 12 March the towed convoy Se- 
vastopol - Odessa was attacked by eight enemy planes north-west of 
Cape Tarkan without effect. One plane was reported certainly and one 
presumably to be shot down. 

For the rest no special events. 



i 



VIII. Situation Bast Asia. 
Nothing to report. 



-184- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
13 Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Importance. 

The Polish proposal of a line of demarcation which would leave Vilna 
and Lemberg under Polish administration for the duration of the war 
was declared hy Mr. Stalin to he wholly inacceptable . Therefore the 
Russians consider it useless to conduct further negotiations with the 
Polish Government in London. Churchill's attempts at mediation has 
been welcomed in Moscow aa a friendly gesture. 



Conference on the Situation with the Commander in Chief. Navy at 1015 . 

I. The Chief of Organization and Mobilization Branch describes the 
plan of organization for the Denmark-Skagerrak area which provides 
for the appointment of an Admiral, Skagerrak for the purpose of secur- 
ing unity and efficiency of command in this area. However, three of 
the Naval Commands concerned declared against changing the present 
organization. The Commander in Chief, Navy will discuss the matter 
with the Commanding Admiral of Group North, Fleet on 16 March. A 
solution is difficult because of the question of personnel. 

II. The Chief of Organization and Mobilization Branch spoke further 
about difficulties which have risen in the command area of Naval Group 
West as a result of the Fuehrer directive on the establishment of 
"battle-zones and fortresses. Up to now, the Commanding Admiral of 
Naval Group West has not succeeded in convincing Commanding General, 
Armed Forces, West that the above-mentioned Fuehrer directive does not 
go further than Fuehrer directive *K) and that no powers may be granted 
the Fortress Commander which go beyond the instructions approved by the 
Armed Forces High Command for Commanders of Defense Areas. The Com- 
manding Admiral of Group West has tried both orally and in writing to 
induce Commanding General, Armed Forces, West to modify his basic order 
No. 36 to meet the demands of the Navy. 

In travelling in France the Commander in Chief, Navy, has already been 
informed of this affair and from there informed the General Jodl by 
phone, that the regulation of the Commanding General, Armed Forces, West, 
now starting could not be agreed by the Commander in Chief, Navy. 

The Commander in Chief, Navy, intends to discuss and examine this affair 
in his next visit to the Fuehrer's Headquarters. 

III. The Naval Emergency units have dwindled away to 4.000 men in so 
far as they could be put at disposal without restriction by the navy. 
The Organization and Mobilization Branch has the opinion, that the 
maintenance of the whole organization does not reward for this small 
number. 

-185- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
13 Mar. 19^ 

But the Commander in Chief, Navy, decides that the organization should 
he maintained and this fact be transmitted to the Armed Forces High 
Command, that also in the .'.'est Area' the Naval Emergency units of the 
Navy are not at disposal freely but that in principle naval forces 
only should be put at disposal with the approval of the Commander in 
Chief, Navy. 



Conference on the Situation with the Commander in Chief. Bag at 1130. 

I. The Quartermaster Division is planning to withdraw the naval per- 
sonnel still being in operation at Crimea-beachhead. This intention 
is supported by the Recruitment Division. 

The Commander in Chief, Navy orders, that this measure must be carried 
out carefully and with exhaustive argumentation regarding the situa- 
tion at the Eastern Front. At first the specially skilled personnel 
must be required. 

II. Further report of the Quartermaster General on the difficult situa- 
tion of foreign exchanges in Greece. 

The Commander in Chief, Navy decides that this matter is to be taken 
up into the description of the situation in the Aegean, which is pro- 
vided for the next report to the Fuehrer. 

III. The Deputy Chief of Naval Intelligence Div, /Naval Staff reports 
on the Anglo-Saxon concerted actions against Ireland. (See ¥ar Diary 
12 March). In meantime the entire passenger traffic between Great 
Britain and Ireland has been suspended. 

The Haval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff further collected all offi- 
cial and unofficial words of the enemy, concerning the so-called 
partitioning of the Italian Fleet. Copy in War Diary, Part C Tol- 
oae XIII. Thereafter it seems really to be come to this, that the 
Russians will get British or USA vessels for their operations in the 
Arctic Ocean thus compensating for the advantages of the Italian 
Fleet which the -British and American Navy on their part had already- 
had. 

The Foreign Minister of the Reich advised the German ambassador in 
Madrid to inform Franco, that Germany will supply Spain with cereals 
and even with fuel in order to compensate Anglo-Saxon pressure, but 
that in no case any restriction of the tungsten- import would be 
allowed. 



-186- CONFIDENTIAL 



> 



CONFIDENTIAL 
13 Mar. 19^ 

The Foreign Affairs Section shcrtly report 6 upon the Bale of the Sub- 
marine U-Blum to Spain and of the agreement on the Toulon-ships, 

The Commander in Chief, Navy, discussed the affair of the arrest of 
the French Admirals with the Reichsfuehrer SS. The Eeichs fuehrer SS 
promised, that this kind of arrest would not he carried out no more 
without the participation of the Navy. 

Special Items; 

I. The Armed Forces High Command/Cperations Staff Navy reported the 
following information on the situation: 

1. Situation , in the Eastern Area: 

Generally the withdrawal of the Army Group South was executed accord- 
ing to plan. With a small group, the Russians succeeded in crossing 
to the other hanks near Kherson. The Russian bridgehead across the 
Bug-River could not yet he wiped out. Count ermeasures were initiated. 
Today new, heavy attacks occurred near Pskov. At the Narva Front the 
Russians are preparing for further attacks. The Fuehrer considers 
the holding of Narva to he of considerable military and political im- 
portance, - 

2. The Fuehrer doubts, that the Russians will rise to activity 
within short time after their appearance at the Lake Peipus, Today, 
a new directive was issued, ordering the Navy on her part to do all 
in order to immediate interference at Lake Peipus, Informations on 
the conditions of Peipus Flotilla and planned harbour accommodations 
are requested, 

3« The Fuehrer was seriously impressed by the catastrophic ship- 
ping conditions in the Adriatic as they appeared in to-days report of 
Supply efficiencies at the Dalmatian-Albanian coast and in the con- 
tinuous losses. 

(Among others also frequent capture of motor sailing ships and small 
Steamers by partisans causing own not unimportant casualties). Have 
referred to our own limits and to the possibility of certain improve- 
ments in event of operations with own PT-boats motorminesweepers and 
torpedoboats. 

II. The Commanding General Armed Forces South-West requested 
the General Staff of the Army to bring 65% of German key-personnel 
that is to say 22 officers and 150 non commissioned officers and 500 
rank and files to eleven sea target batteries in the Istrian area 
which are manned upto 35% with Italians and upto 10$ with Racial 
German volunteers . 



-187- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
13 Mar. 19^ 

The High Command, Army/General Staff of the Army reported to the Armed 
Forces High Command, that the manning of these sea- target "batteries 
with army personnel will not he possible "before long and requested of 
manning these eleven "batteries with naval personnel. Regarding to the 
situation of personnel of the Navy, the Armed Forces High Command/ 
Operations Staff Navy already pointed towards the impossibility of 
this task, hut asked for investigation if under certain conditions the 
Navy may partially detail forces in transferring these equipment as to 
Naval batteries. 

Further dealing with matters "by the Quartermaster Division. 

The Trainings Unit Fleet submitted plans concerning land-target "bom- 
bardment by the heavy cruiser FRINZ EUGEN against targets on the 
Frische Nehrung for the "FRINZ EUGEN" and destroyers. Copy of ade- 
quate Radiogram as per 1 SEX 7891/^ GKidos in War Diary Fart C Vol- 
ume III. 

III. During the nights of 14 and 15 Fehruary "both one barrage of 2k 
respectively 21 LMB* with AA]_* (fuse devices) on the British south- 
east coast were laid. While no minesweeping at the first "barrage 
could he ascertained, presumahly "because the mines do not impede navi- 
gation, a numher of reports have heen intercepted hy Radio Monitoring 
"between 15 - 22 February which makes known that the enemy succeeded 
in sweeping the AA^* fuse devices was without initial difficulties; 
the Naval Staff asks for assessment hy the Underwater Obstacles Branch. 
Copy of adequate draught 1 SKL I E 765^/^ GXdos in War Diary Part C 
Volume VI. 



Situation 13 March 19^4 
I. War in Foreign Waters: 
Nothing to report. 



II. Situation West Area; 

Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group there were six, at the 19th Group 5^ and at the 
Azores Squadrons nine planes detected on missions. 

Seven locations of British vessels were reported in the rendez-vous 
area. 

-188- CONFIDENTIAL 



CaTIBSETlAL 

, 

Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

Both two groundrr.ines were sv/ept in the area of Lorient ejid northeast 
of Guernsey. The blocking of Bayonne port entrance was released. 
Five Submarines were escorted incoming. 

The destroyers Z "23," ZH "1," T "2?," T "29" entered Brest at 0900 
after having accomplished their exercises. 

Brest roads was blocked owing to mine-laying. 

Channel Area: 

Nothing to report. 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters. 

North Sea. 

Owing to stormy weather convoy and escort duties were curtailed. 
Patrol positions remained unoccupied. 

A convoy of 10845 BRT was carried through in Zealand Waters. 

One Danish fisherman reported, that he sighted in twilight of 12 March 
three British PT-boats steering northerly course, 78 miles off Bla- 
vanshuk. 

Norway /Northern Waters: 

Enemy Situation: 

Ten planes were detected at the 18th Group. 

At 0848 120 miles southwest of Syderoe our own air reconnaissance 
sighted one tanker of 10.000 BRT steering 60° and at 1250 two steamers 
of both 10.000 BRT and two steamers of both 7.000 tons steering North 
70 miles SW of Bergen. Evidently these are Swedish ships. 

Own Situation: 

On the afternoon of 11 March gunfire was reported from the area of 
Petsamo. No damage was caused. 

-189- CONFIDENTIAL 



COKFIDB KTIAL 
13 Mar, 19^ 

On the 13 March one of our own westbound convoys was attacked by 
several enemy "bombers and fighters in the outlet of the Varanger- 
Fiord. Minor casualties arose by gunfire. The intervention of our 
own air cover succeeded in shooting down seven planes by fighters. 

On the afternoon of the 12 and on the forenoon of 13 March one of our 
own convoys was attacked by submarines in Ollsfiord. A.t 1530 one of 
our ov/n plane3 sighted a submerging submarine in Drontheimsleden 
steering HE. 

Twenty seven northbound and 38 southbound ships were escorted. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea: 

Enemy Situation; 
Nothing to report. 



Own Situation: 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances 25 boats and three minesweeping planes, in 
the "Baltic 16 boats and one mine exploding vessel were engaged in 
minesweeping. One mine each was swept in the northern outlet of the 
Great Belt, off Laesoe and in the Kiel Bay. 

At 0^14 the drifter FORTUHA was rammed and sunk by the salvage steamer 
BOREAS south of G-jedser. 

At 2345 the steamer KNIPRODE (10 123 BUT) ran aground in drifting snow 
at the Sam3oe-3elt. Tugs to help were sent out. For the rest all con- 
voys were carried out as planned and without incidents. 

The laying of the net barrage from the northern tip of ITargoen by the 
net-layer has been started with three tenders and two working-boats 
under cover of four armed fishing vessels. 

At 1^30 the Commander of the 6th Destroyer Flotilla with Z "25," "28," 
"39" and M ,, 3" and M "37" left Paldiski in order to carry out the 
minelaying operation "Seeigel lb". 

No special events were reported from the Marva Bay, 

-I90- CONFIDENT IAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
13 Mar. 19^4 

The Commander of the 6th Destroyer Flotilla submitted the action sum- 
mary of the bombardment of enemy bases north-oast of Hungerburg on 
12 March. Copy 7828/44 GKdos in War Diary Part C Volume III. 



V. Submarine Warfare: 

In the Atlantic the group "Preussen" with 16 boats was newly organized 
in attack-areas between the latitude in AX 24 and BD 39. 

At 0855 the submarine U "575" reported air raid in BD 6824. 

The submarine U "168" is proceeding to Batavia with the whole crew of 
"BRAKE". In moon shine during the night of 12 March the boat was 
attacked by carrier-borne aircraft with rocket-bombs. 



VI. Aerial Warfare: 

West Area: 

In forenoon, several hundred enemy bombers with heavy fighter cover 
flew over the area of Amiens-Compiegne. The airfield of Poix was 
attacked. 

About 225 enemy missions without attacks were reported in the area of 
Belgium/Northern France and Western France. About 15 enemy missions 
were carried out from the south into the area of Montpellier. 

In the evening hours and during the night of 13 heavy attacks were 
carried out by strong enemy groups in France, The marshalling yard 
of Laon, the airfield St. Didier, the marshalling yard and airfield of 
Le Mons were the main points of attack. Suspected minelaying was car- 
ried out in the area of La Rochelle up to the lie d'Oleron. 

Twenty six of our own planes carried out harassing attacks in the 
southern British area on Brighton and Eastbourne. One FW 190 did not 
return. 

Reich Territory: 

In the evening 15 enemy planes penetrated into the area of Essen- 
Aachen and 20 planes into the area of Frankfurt/Main up to Mainz. 



-191- 



CQNFI3SHTIAL 
13 Mar. 19^ 

Mediterranean Theaters 

Special missions were not reported. 



Eastern Area: 

On the 12 March 635 enemy and 751 own missions were counted at the 
Eastern Front* 

With three own losses 16 enemy planes were shot down. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea: 



1. Area of the Naval Group Vest: 
Enemy Situation: 

In the morning two transports, 17 freighters, two tankers, one auxili- 
ary war ship with ten corvettes steering western course presumably 
convoy MK3 %2 were sighted in Gibraltar Straits. 

Own Situation: 

Evidently the serious damage which were caused in the enemy raid on 
Toulon on 11 March were favoured by retarded screening with smoke 
cover. It will "be checked why the antiaircraft-commander of the Air 
Force did not give order for screening until nine minutes after the Flak- 
alarm has been sounded. 

After the attack on the steamer XILISSI the ore ship SAUMUH called at 
San Carlos de la Eapida as emergency port and proceeded during the 
night of 12 March to Tarragona. 

Forthwith the Group West suspended the fruit-steamer-traffic pending 
further notice. The Command only considers resumption to be possible 
by employing ships which can at least make ten knots and which can 
proceed in the night between Port Vendres and Barcelona without inter- 
mediate port, though the nights grow shorter and shorter. 

2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy: 

Enemy Situation: 



_ 19 2- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
13 Mar. 19^ 

According to Radio Monitoring one westbound convoy was sailing in the 
area northwest of Palermo during the night of 12 March, 

In the afternoon air reconnaissance identified 21 transports and 
steamers lying stopped in the area of Nettunia, nine landing ships 
tanks, 51 landingcraft and a number of escort vessels. And with 
course to the beachhead three steamers and shoving off the beachhead 
two steamers, two transports, one landing craft tanks as well one 
cruiser and escort vessels. 

At 0.515 two destroyers and 16 what was thought to be landingcraft 
stood for twelve miles north east of Ortona, A.t 0515 two transports, 
nine freighters with three escort vessels were reported north Tobruk 
steering south-easterly course and at 0?03 six steamers and five es- 
cort vessels were reported steering West,. 

During the night of 11 March strong air survey of the own ports at 
the Italian West-coast with multiple air raids on own convoys off 
Vada was observed. Thereby one naval landingcraft was damaged. 

Own Situation: 

In the enemy air raids on the 12 March both one attacking aircraft 
was shot down in Genoa and Spezia, 

On the noon of 13 March Spezia and Viereggio were attacked. 

The power station and two bridges were hit in Spezia and in Viareggio 
roads to the South were hit. 

The minelayer KEHRWIEDER and one naval landingcraft left Spezia for 
carrying out a minelaying operation north of Elba* 

3« Area of the Naval Group South: 

a, Adriatic: 

The Naval Port Commander of Rovigno reports daily abduction of able- 
bodied men from Rovigno and the vicinity by partisans and blocking 
the evacuation of provisions by plots against railroad traffic. The 
train Trieste-Pola running for the first time again struck a mine. 

b, Aegean: 

One enemy submarine was sighted east of Cape Spatha at 1006 on 12 
March and one off Suda-Bay at 14-10, 

On 13 March minor flights only were carried out over the Aegean, 

-193- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
13 Mar. 19^ 

According to report of the assault division of Rhodes, an enemy com- 
mando raid carried out "by about 30 men against the position of our 
own cover Platoon at Tilos was repulsed. 

At Nemos and Seskli a great many of food supply was secured, which 
are thought to "be unloaded "by British Forces on 10 March. 

Another mine was swept by minesweeping aircraft in Suda on 12 March. 

The execution of convoy duties was delayed to another 2k hours, owing 
to had weather conditions. 

c. Black Sea: 



Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 

Own Situation: 

At O63O three batteries of the Naval Artillery Detachment 613 opened 
fire on enemy boats lying alongside a stranded naval landing craft at 
the northwesterly tip of Kossa Tusla. One boat was sunk. The naval 
landingcraft scored six direct hits. 

In the morning Feodosiva was attacked by altogether 80 enemy planes 
which attacked in two waves. At the motorminesweepers R "164" and 

w ^9" minor splinter damage was inflicted. Altogether 17 planes 
were shot down whereoff eleven were shot down by fighters and six in 
joint effort of Naval antiaircraft artillery and Air Force. 

During the night of 12 March Nicolaevsk was attacked by enemy planes. 
The convoys Nicolaevsk-Odessa bound in passing Kinburun-tip were 
seized by enemy search light. The searchlights were shelled by own 
batteries. 

At 1919 on 12 March the Army Coastal Artillery reported a fast going 
vessel steering westerly course between Kinburun-tip and Beresan- 
Channel • 

On the afternoon of the 13 March AK Metchet and Simferopol were at- 
tacked by an enemy plane. 

Transportation and convoy traffic was carried out as planned. 



-19^ CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
13 Mar. 19^ 

The transfer of four naval landing craft and three harbor defense 
"boats from Odessa to Bug-estuary was planned for surveying operations 
in the Dnepr-estuary. 

The group South adviced the Admiral Black Sea to maintain the repair 
shop in Odessa in so far that the execution of ship repairs occurring 
during the transportation to and from Odessa would he possible. 



VIII. Situation Eastern Asia: 
Nothing to report. 



******************** 



> 



-195- CONFIDENTIAL 



Ik Mar. 1 

Iters of Political Irroortance: 

At Badoglio's re:uest from C-reat Britain, "JSA and Tussia of reestab- 
lishing diplomatic relations with the kingdom of Italy has been 
promptly confirmed on the part of Stalin. 

According tea report of the 3-erman ambassador in Ankara from 23 ?eh- 
.ary about intimations :f the Turl-:i _ister of Tcreigu Affairs or. 

ue present situation the development on the Eastern Trent will remain 
decisive; in event that the Dnestr-Eiver would he crossed the war 
would he lost according tc his opinion, as in this very moment the 
Balkans would disorganize, Then, for her own sake Turkey vculd be 
compelled to share in the war too. Copy of adequate report-note of 
the Cbj 3f of Departaent Jcreign Countries from 9 March as per 1 SKI 
9939 :-eheim in tfar Diary Part 3 Volume 7. 



Conference on the Situation with the Commander in Chief, Taw 



*— L. 



I. Che Commander in Chief orders oral report 0^. the situation in 
shipyards in regard to the delay of fixed times in the naval srtillery 

ghter construction and on possibilities for their speeding up. 

II, -he Chief of :Iaval Intelligence Tiv. ITaval Staff: 

:crding to Renter, Moscow refused the 7ir_tish sm^sr immediately. 

The Military Attache at Tokyo reported the opinion of the Japanese 
Teneral Staff on T.ussia as follows: 

1, Jirm position of the Stalin C-cvernment, Tniform, very effi- 
cient, successful conduct of var and policy thus the population and 
army is getting more confident and rising confidence in leadership. 

kb the Soviet Union will he ahle as to personnel and mate- 
rial natters to execute operations in the same extent as in 1?~3» 

2, Capacity of industry after making accessible the areas of raw 
naterials in the Oral, Zusbas and I = Tas- Petrol 1C3^, coal 65^, 
iron ::'c, machinery z^., am: -mdustry 35 c, light 

y$ t electric!- Particularly motioe- 

Le: the *:ottlenec> of coal au irou autj le lack of cars, 

hine— tools and farming macaine implements =s veil in railway traf- 
monthly production 290C planes, 185 situation in 

general secured, Tp to now deliveries by Anglo-Saxons J,S million 
3. 



-196- CCgUTTCZTTlAL 



CONFIDENT IAL 
14 Mar. 19^ 

3. In the military service about 10 million men, among them 
700 000 women. Up to the end of March another 2 million men liable 
to serve as soldier in the age from 16 to 50 years will be available, 

*+• In comparison to November of the passed year the strength and 
organization of the far eastern forces remained unchanged. Higher 
command improved, owing to relief by front experienced commanders. 
The mass of officers and rank and files grew worse. Since the Euro- 
pean war frontier fortifications strengthened more and more. Train- 
ing especially in counterattacks against Japanese rupture of the 
border, coastal defense, air raid precautions, co-operation with 
tanks, infantry, main concentration on artillery. 

5. The Soviet Union will avoid war with Japan so long as Japan 
is possessing enough strength for defense. 

III, The Chief of Submarine Division points out that the wireless 
traffic of Submarines in the Indian Ocean might be the reason for 
the loss of "BRAKE". In the case of "BRAKE" in contrary to that of 
"SCHLIEMANN" the tendency towards the direction of the meeting point 
would be revealed from Submarine wireless traffic, though the inter- 
vening time between the single messages was extraordinary long. 

The Commander in Chief, Navy considers this supposition being at hand 
and quite possible, but notwithstanding has the opinion, that in this 
case too treason and wireless decyphering earnestly must be taken into 
consideration. Nearly nothing can be done against the submarine 
Radio communications because it is tactically inevitable. Therefore 
change of code will at first be carried out. New heading orders will 
be issued in the next days. But until they become effective some 
more weeks will pass. Moreover special codes will be introduced for 
each single submarine. 

In a highly restricted circlet 

IV. The Naval Command East dispatches the following information con- 
cerning the battery personnel fort "Hochland" (Tanne) from the Army 
Group North: 

"The Army Group North can only detail the battery personnel required 
for "Tanne" from land-front-positions the weakening of which may not 
be justified in event of the further lasting situation on the front. 
Wanting occasion of shooting practice on sea targets diminish the 
value of the battery in the decisive moment. Propose establishment 
of one Naval Artillery Detachment in the strength required by the Ad- 
miral Baltic Countries. The Army Group North details the battery 
crew until the arrival of naval crew. Sent the term of disposal. 
Appendix of the Naval Command East: In this area no battery crew 
available." 

-197- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
Ik Mar. 19^ 

The Naval Liaison Officer attached to the General Staff of the Army 
confirmed the contents of this report. 

As the Isle of Hochland appears to be of high ranking importance as 
corner-pillar of the Seeigel -barrage in the inner Gulf of Finland the 
occupation with own troops lies in the Navy's own interest. 

Therefore the Commander in Chief, Navy attaches great value on the 
fact that corresponding to the request of the Naval Command East one 
Naval Artillery Detachment will be put at disposal. Because of the 
impossibility of establishing an additional Naval Artillery Detach- 
ment, it is considered to be suitable to designate a Naval Artillery 
Detachment from another area (West Area) and to detail it in the 
right moment of keyword-issue in order to relieve the army personnel. 

Relevant directive 1 SKI I op 828/^4 GZdos Chefs, will be sent to the 
Quartermaster Division. Copy in War Diary Part C Volume III. 



Special Items; 

I. Concerning the Operation "TANNE"; 

1. The Naval Command East with copy to Group North/Fleet, the 
Commander in Chief, Air Force Operations Staff, the Armed Forces High 
Command/Operations Staff Navy, the Armed Forces High Command/Opera- 
tions Staff Home Staff Overseas Branch, General Staff of the Army 
Operational Department, receive the following directive: 

On application of the Air Force Command 1 provide Libau as port of 
shipment for the following forces thus reducing time of transporta- 
tion. 

70 officers 
690 noncommissioned officers 
2200 men 

55 motor cycles 
135 cars 
600 trucks a.s 9 o. among them 

24 tractors, 185 tons of equipment. 



-198- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
l*f Mar. 19^f 

2. The Naval Command East reports: 

The Chief of Naval Communications Division is planning to establish 
two gigantic Wuerzburg devices,* two Hohentwiel devices* (sea tac- 
tical) mobile and one Flum device* (mobile) at the Isles of Aland. 
Reconnaissance of the position and establishment was proposed to be 
done already now proving, that the Radar- organization at the Finnish 
side has to be accomplished furthermore in order to protect the navi- 
gation in the Bothnian Sea and in the Western outlet of the Gulf of 
Finland. Thereby the possibilities of unobtrusive reconnaissance may 
be given. 

The plans of the Chief of Naval Communications Division do not surpass 
the organization "Tanne". Finnish demands which are to be fulfilled 
independently thereon are not submitted. Therefore reconnaissance of 
the position cannot yet be started. In political seas the Isles of 
Aland are hot iron 1 

II. The Naval Command East -proposes, that instead of the right of 
returning to former claims on the boats of the Inspectorates, Schools, 
Submarines of the Commanding Admiral etc. to control channels, shooting 
exercises and training areas Inspectorates themselves etc. will in 
future take up themselves sweeping tasks in their own training areas, 
whereby local Defence Flotillas will grant support as far as possible 
especially in detailing temporary special service personnel. 

The Naval Staff considers the commissioning of boats of Inspectorates, 
Schools etc. with tasks of the Commanding Admiral Defences East not 
suitable and refuses its consent to the above-mentioned proposal re- 
ferring to the decision of the original request. 

III. (See V/ar Diary 1 March IV). The Commander in Chief, Air Force/ 
Operations Staff dispatches the assessment on the situation of the 
Air Force Command South-East which in reference to statements of 
noticeable weakening of enemy efforts in the Aegean Area considers 
ship movements in the, southern Aegean for supplying the isles to be 
extraordinarily favorable in the moment and therefore proposes in- 
creased sea transportation also in regard to the beginning of new 
moon phases. 

The Operations Div. /Naval Staff informs the Group South, the Admiral 
Aegean with copy to the Shipping and Transport Branch in correspon- 
dence to that. 

IV. The Admiral Black Sea with copy to the Group South receive the 
directive for report in correspondence to the request of the Group 
South if and which reasons are preventing the new employment of the 
landing company staying at present in the Aegean Area in mopping up 
the islands of the Adriatic. 



-199- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
14 Mar. 1944 

V. On request, the Group South received information of the army situ- 
ation from 9 March by the Operations Div. /Naval Staff on 10 March. 

Draught 1 SKL I b 763/44 GSdos Chefs, in War Diary Part C Volume XIV a, 

With 14 March the General Staff of the Army ordered to the Army Group 
A: 

"The Army Group A is responsible for continuous and early information 
on the situation to the Naval Group South and to the Admiral Black 
Sea." 

VI. At 0142 the following directive from the Group South to the 
Admiral Black Sea was intercepted: 

"According to information of the Naval Staff the Army plans to defend 
Nicolaev for limited time only in bridgehead manner. Execute evacua- 
tion in cooperation with local Headquarters of the Army. Carry on 
grain transportation as long as possible." 

VII. Within the framework of plans which the Admiral Black Sea has 
reported in event of Turkey 1 s changing her attitude, the Group South 
dispatched the following minefield plan: 

"In event that changes in Turkey's attitude would be noticeable early 
enough the following plans are existing: 

1. Laying of two partial barrages off the Northern outlet of the 
Bosporus (Minelayer "MURGESCU" and motor minesweepers). 

2. Disposing of one mine ferry barge each in Odessa, Sulina, Con- 
stanta, Varna and Burgas for surprising blocking of ports. 

3. Laying of harbor protecting barrages successively Burgas, 
Varna, Sulina, Odessa. 

In case of immediate participation on war by Turkey there are existing 
the following plans: 

1. Immediate minelaying in the northern outlet of the Bosporus 
with TMB* by PT-boats. 

2. Laying of two EMF-barrages west and east of the Bosporus 
outlet. 

3. Minelaying in the inner Bosporus with aircraft mines. 



-200- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
Ik Mar. 19^ 

The following mines are required: 

60 TMB* 

80 SMF* 

1125 anti sweeping devices 

150 RMB* 

1310 EMC respectively UMB* 

The Naval Staff decides as follows: 

Owing to the present conditions of production in the field of mines 
and the developing of focal points in other areas, the immediate 
delivery of mines and anti sweeping devices is impossible. There will 
be allotted with registration number 5 IO32 

60 TMB/S with firing MA2* 

80 EMF* 

600 explosive floats 

350 buoys with anti sweep cutter 

175 EMR* 

150 RMB/H (instead of BM 1000 which are not suited for 
harbor-infection) 

600 EMC* 

710 1MB* 

Details on installation, places of destination and transport settle 
with Mining and Barrage Inspectorate directly. 

The EMC* and UMB* mines cannot be delivered until the end of May and 
then only allotted in three monthly installments. 

VIII. Concerning the employment of mine exploding vessels the Opera- 
tions Div. /Naval Staff transmits the following directives to the Group 
West, the Naval Commands North and East, with copy to Commanding Ad- 
miral Defences East, Commanding Admiral Defences North and Commanding 
Admiral Defences West: 

-201- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
14 Mar. 19^4 

1. The losses of mine exploding vessels by ELM/j Spr.* (mines) 
still remained in bearable boundaries, though, the enemy could act 
more severely without strong effort against this important sweeping 
device. 

"Sach ELM J Spr. falling in the channel is inflicting earlier or later 
to a hit on a mine exploding vessel because otherwise they are not to 
sweep. 

2. Restriction of mine exploding vessel operations only is evi- 
dent when the readiness of action would be endangered by losses in 
that cases which would require such an effort (for instance bad wea- 
ther, important convoys). 

Operation on depths beneath 20 m are to be reduced in feasible manner. 

3» In repairing mine exploding vessels or in routine dockyards 
repairs the installation of the supplementary coil practically is to 
be executed. For new constructions the installation already is pro- 
vided at new constructions. 

IX. Owing to inquiry there was transmitted to the Admiral of the 
Fuehrers Headquarter: 

1* Stock of mines with new firings: 

a. DM^* - firing had to be prohibited because of stated 
leakage of the rubber-pouch of the pressure box. Today only 180, 
from the 25 March again 500 mines for PT-boat operations will be 
ready. Installation of the pressure box for the Air Force not 
until 25 March. 

b. Firing AA2* by breakdown of Pertrix-plant Berlin no firing 
batteries available, no stock because not suitable to store for longer 
time. Not until short before the operation batteries used to be in- 
stalled. New construction will commence with 120 pieces a week from 
the 1 April. The Air Force has no batteries too. 

2. The production of coastal mines type A has been started on 
10 March with daily 150 pieces daily in Denmark and 300 pieces in 
France. 



Situation 14 March 1944: 

I. War in Foreign Waters: 
Nothing to report. 



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CONFIDENTIAL 
14 Mar. 19^4 

II. Situation West Area: 

Enemy Situation; 

At the 15th Group there were 13. at the 19th Group 39 at the Azores 
Squadron Seven planes detected on missions* One wireless telegraphic 
guard and seven British vessels were located in the rendezvous area. 

Own Situation; 

Area of the Atlantic Coast; 

At 0110 minelaying "by plane was observed in the Brest approach. One 
mine was swept in the area of Lorient and two ones were swept in the 
area of Brest. At 0141 the minesweeper M n 42l6" was slightly damaged 
"by aircraft gunfire of a Mosquito-plane off the Loire* 

The attacking plane was shot down. 

Channel Area: 

Patrol and escort duties were suspended owing to weather situation. 
At 2200 on 14 March enemy PT-hoats attacked two groups of the 36th 
Mine Sweeping Flotilla off Gravelines and sunk the Senior-Off icers- 
"boat M "3630." One PT-ooat was shot afire. 

In a new attack at 2353 one of the PT-hoats was sunk by our surprising 
fire of defense, another was suspected to "be sunk. 

The returning PT-ooats happened to meet the 18th Patrol-boat Flotilla 
north-west of Gris Nez shortly after midnight and thereby sustained 
essential losses. Details were not yet reported. 



III. North Sea, Norway, Northern Waters. 

North Sea: 
Nothing to report. 



Norway. Northern Waters; 
Enemy Situation; 



-203- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
14 Mar. 19^4 

At the 18th Group 22 planes were detected in the northern North Sea 
and west of the Orkneys, 

According to Radio Monitoring in the afternoon and evening destroyers 
with at least two PT-boats were at sea in the Radio area of Lazarhuk. 

Own Situation: 

On 12 and 13 March there were "busy enemy flights in the area of the 
Polar Coast, 

Thirty seven northbound and 48 southbound ships were escorted. 

With 15 March the Admiral Northern Waters reports the fusion of the 
former staffs of Admiral Northern Waters and Commander Submarines Nor- 
way with the new notation of Headquarters "The Admiral Northern Waters 
and Commander Submarines Norway". The Commander is Captain (Navy) 
Peters. 

The supply flight for "Bassgeige" was started at l404. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances, Baltic Sea: 

Enemy Situation: 

Nothing to report. 

Own Situation: 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances 26 boats, in the Baltic 36 boats and 
eight minesweeping planes were engaged in minesweeping. 

Escort service was carried out as planned. North-east of Skagen one 
He 111 was shot down by ship-antiaircraft artillery of one of our own 
steamers because ostensibly she was approached directly. The crew 
was rescued by a minesweeper. 

The destroyers Z "25," Z "28" are lying in Paldiski, Z "29" on Tallinn 

Roads. 

Auxiliary landingcraft B "6," B "35" PW "119" arrived at Tallinn. 
Both the vessels mentioned first are not ready for war. Transfer to 
shipyards is required. 



-204- CONFIDENTIAL 



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CONFIDENTIAL 
14 Mar. 19^ 

The 1st motor minesweeper Flotilla with the NETTELBECK and six boats 
is in passage from Swinemuende to Pillau. 

The nightfighter directing ship TOGO was transferred from Hangoe to 
Tallinn in escort of a minesweeper and a patrol-boat • 

The barrage "Seeigel lb" was laid as planned. 

For this time work on the net barrage could not [be) carried out owing 
to weather conditions. 

Up to now 3*2 miles of the first net were laid. 

The Naval Command East submitted the plan for "Seeigel 2 b" which 
ought to run from 59^37 North 27195 Bast to 4-9^35 North 27307 East, 
The Naval Staff agreed with the barrage 2 b and points towards the 
Naval Command East that the earlier planned reinforcement of Seeigel 
barrages is offering the possibility of breaking through in the Fin- 
nish Skerries. The Naval Command East was requested for judgment of 
the situation and proposals also referring the Finnish attitude. 



V. Submarine Warfare: 

No particular reports were submitted from Submarines in the Atlantic 
and in the Indian Ocean. 

The Submarine Division/Naval Staff submitted the operational order 
for infection of convoy respectively steamer-routes off Capetown and 
Colombo. These tasks must be carried out by the Submarine U n 219 w as 
additional task. The main task is transportation to Penang which has 
to be carried out absolutely, thereby minelaying operations have to 
be broken off or to be carried out farther off resp. in event of 
strong defense or too great difficulties in the operational areas resp. 



VI. Aerial Warfare: 

West Area: 

Sixty approaches in the occupied Western Zones were reported in the 
course of the day there off some approaches from sea and coast and 
about ^5 enemy penetrations into the area of Dunkerque, Ypres without 
attacks. 



-205- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
Ik Mar. 1944 

A number of enemy penetrations was carried out into the coastal area 
of Bayeux into the area of Fecamp also without attacks. 

On the evening or during the night of the 14 March resp. airfields in 
Belgium and Northern France were attacked. Despite this, 20 enemy ap- 
proaches from the South in Western France into the area of Toulon up 
to south of Perpignan has "been executed without attacks. 

From 2250 - 2330 our own planes attacked London with 187 planes; 
141 of them reached the target 15 planes were lost. 

Reich Territory: 

No penetrations. 

Mediterranean Theater; 

On 13 March about 600 enemy planes were in operation in the Italian 
Front area and in the area south of Rome. Both one plane was shot 
down by own fighters and antiaircraft artillery. Further attacks 
directed towards La Spezia, Spoleto, Morgnano, Pedaso, Talamone, San 
Stefano were reported. Several railroad bridges and transportation 
installations were damaged. Six barges were damaged respectively 
sunk at Talamone. In the attack on San Stefano the attacking planes 
were repulsed by antiaircraft artillery. During the night of 14, 
three of our transport planes were shot down by enemy intercepter 
fighters in the area of Rhodes. Fourteen enemy planes were on supply 
mission for partisans in the Balkans area. 

On 14 March our own reconnaissance reported eight steamers off Port 
Said heading west. 

Eastern Area: 



At the Eastern Front 9^1 own and 330 enemy missions were reported on 
13 March. With eight own losses 48 enemy planes could be shot down. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. 

1. Area of the Naval Group Command West: 

Enemy Situation: 

On the morning one GARIBALDI -class cruiser left Gibraltar Mediter- 
ranean bound. 

-206- CONFIDENTIAL 



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> 



CCMFIDgHTIAL 
14 Mar. 19^ 

On 12 March at 1900 the amount of ships lying in Gibraltar was approx- 
imately 80 merchantmen and tankers, three cruisers, one auxiliary 
cruiser, 36 destroyers and escort vessels and a greater number of 
small auxiliary vessels. 

Own Situation: 

Nothing to report. 

2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy: 

Enemy Situation: 

According to air reconnaissance there nine steamers and one destroyer, 
two suspected to "be motor minesweepers, eight patrol-vessels were ly- 
ing in Anzio and off the "beachhead in the morning. 

No reports came in from the convoy UGS 34 which ought to be in the 
area of Bizerta at 0800 on 14 March according to dead reckoning. 
According to Radio Monitoring the group RUBBLE received air raid 
warning at O836. 

Own Situation: 

On the afternoon of 13 March the harbor of Talamone was seriously 
damaged and will not be suitable for the next time, two naval landing 
craft were totally lost. 

On 13 March at 1735 the minelaying group KEHRWIEDER was attacked by 
planes with bombs and gunfire south-east of Spezia. The minelayer 
"KEHRWIEDER" was damaged and sustained casualties. The operation was 
broken off. The group entered Spezia. The aerial survey of ports 
of the Italian West-coast by enemy planes remained very strong. 

During the night of 13 minesweeping was continued on one of our own 
barrages north of Ebba. 

3» Area of the Naval G-roup South: 

a. Adriatic: 

Enemy Situation: 

On 13 March at 1700 air reconnaissance reports two torpedo boats 
heading north between Pescara and Vieste. 

Own Situation: 



-207- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
Ik Mar. 19^ 

In consequence of an enemy air raid on the afternoon of 13 March two 
J-boats sunk in Corcula. 

On Ik March the torpedoboat TA rt 36" transferred from Pola to Trieste, 
the PT-boat S "33" from Pola to Venice. 

On 13 and Ik. March the motor minesweeper R M 128" carried out trial 
runs from Venice to Pola and return. 

A naval officer of the High Command, Navy embarked at the TA H 36" for 
the operation "FRECHDACHS" reported that 

1. the secret required for this operation was not kept 
and that the Commander of the 11th Coast Patrol Force (Lieutenant 
Comdr. v. Kleist) was informed of that fact; 



and files; 



2. the target of the operation was known even to rank 



3. the group put out to sea still before nightfall 
directly in southern direction, (without false courses). 

The Naval Staff informs the Admiral Adriatic, with copy to Group 
South from this report and expects that "before repeating this opera- 
tion "FRECHDACHS" this experience will he taken into consideration 
and further orders will he arranged for. 

b. Aegean: 

The thorough search of Tilos island was concluded without effect. At 
Andros one signal squad was attacked by partisans and sustained casu- 
alties. 

In the framework of a discussion of the Crete supply with the Army 
Group E the Group South stated, that in total 3^25 tons of supply 
arrived at Crete from 1-12 March. 

The Group urgently demands safeguarding of the need of foreign ex- 
change in order to execute repairs on merchantmen as quick as pos- 
sible and reports that the operation with motor sailing ships is 
going on in full scale and that the supply with armaments of these 
units is continuing. Among others the Group demands relief in secur- 
ity regulations for Piraeus harbor because working at night and trans- 
loading of ammunition and supply in the harbor is inevitable in urgent 
cases. The precautions ordered on the part of the navy concerning re- 
inforcement of the supply shipping in the Aegean would have become 
effective already in the beginning of February if not extraordinarily 
bad weather conditions would have prevented the navigation. 



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CONFIDENTIAL 
14 Mar. 19^ 

Therefore the Group does not recognize any critical situation in the 
supply of Crete concerning the question of sea transportation so far 
as enemy action would not increase essentially. 

c. Black Sea: 

Enemy Situation: 

According to photographic reconnaissance of the 4th Air Force the 
amount of ships lying in the harbors of Taman- coast do not show any 
extraordinary facts. 

According to Radio Monitoring only few light naval forces were detected 
at the eastern coast. 

The Submarine situation did not change. 

Own Situation: 

The operation of the Submarine U "20," U "2^" against enemy freighters 
"being in passage from Trabzon to Batum revealed no effect. In bad 
visibility the boats were not able to make contact. They were direc- 
ted to nev; operational areas off Tuapse and Poti. 

Dnepr-Liman is patrolled. During the night 13 four naval landing 
craft and two harbor defense boats were in operation. A patrol of the 
same strength is planned for the night of 14 March. 

Submarine hunt off San Gheorge was broken off without effect. 

In an enemy air raid on a convoy of naval landing craft sailing from 
Odessa to AK Metchet one naval landing craft was slightly damaged. 
One enemy plane was shot down. 

During the afternoon Perwomaisk was bombarded with stronger harassing 
fire from Kinburun which inflicted no damage. 

The Crimea-convoys were executed as planned. 

The Danube is blocked from Tulcea to Sulina owing to suspected mine- 
laying. 



VIII. Situation Eastern Asia: 

Nothing to report. 

******************** 



-209- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
15 Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Importance: 

On 14 March the Finnish Reichstag held a closed session in which the 
Prime Minister gave the report on the situation. 



On instructions of the Fuehrer the Commander in Chief, Navy, went to 
Breslau in order to deliver there the traditional address "before the 
aspirant officers of this year. 



Conference on the Situation with the Chief of Staff of Naval Staff; 
No particular reports and decisions. 



I. Among others the report on the situation of the Operations Staff/ 
Navy runs as follows: 

3. "Italy: The enemy's attitude in the "beachhead is judged from 
large scale attack preparations. Very "busy supply from sea, reinforce- 
ment with new forces, relief of warworn troops, advancing of artillery, 
fighting against our own antiaircraft artillery, "busy radio traffic, 
new establishment of radio net, increased fighting against our own sup- 
ply etc. are pointing in this direction. Today, preparing attacks on 
the 65th Infantry Division were repulsed except one penetration. Also 
there must "be counted on new outflanking landing operations possibly 
together with part operations on other fronts as first phase of the 
invasion attack. 

4. West Area: The heavy air attacks which occurred twice on Le 
Mans (in order to destroy the main junction of railroads leading to 
Brittany) as well as the minelaying of the approach to Brest (for pur- 
pose of occasional "blocking own naval forces which would "be there) in 
connection with the radio silence in C-reat Britain since 13 March at 
C000 indicate perhaps to operations soon at hand against Brittany. 
Increasing air raids on transport installations in the area north of 
Paris likewise deserve particular attention. In total the Armed 
Forces Operations Staff does not yet count on large scale invasion 
"but on the possibility of part attacks soon occurring in order to form 
"bridgeheads. My personal opinion, that the time from 19 - 23 March 
may "be favorable for landing operations according to moon, tides and 
probable weather conditions was reported to the Fuehrer. But to-day, 
the Foreign Armies West Branch transmitted a judgment of weather 



-210- CONFIDENTIAL 






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CONFIDENTIAL 
15 Mar. 19^ 

conditions of the Naval Staff for the time froir, 11 - 21 March where- 
after favorable conditions for aerial warfare but no period of landing 
for several days is to be expected. I request continuous transmission 
of weather forecasts for several days by the Naval Staff of the area 
southern North Sea - Channel - Atlantic Coast." 



II. The Armed Forces High Command/Operations Staff Foreign Affairs 
Section considers the situation in the Mediterranean Theater, stand 
of 9 March 19*J4 f characterized with: 

struggles in Italy 

the continuing assembly of an invasion army 
in French North Africa 

the temporary easing of the situation in the Aegean 
Area and the continuing withdrawal of enemy troops 
from Syria-Palestine. 

The suspected evacuation of Anglo-American troops from the Mediter- 
ranean to Great Britain was confirmed. Generally it seems to be an 
exchange of not battle experienced troops of the Great-Britain area 
from which approximately one division was transferred to the Mediter- 
ranean up to now. 

The important American supply in personnel is thought to be for reim- 
bursement of losses only which occurred up to now. 

The unchanged Anglo-American concentration of air forces in the west- 
ern part of Southern Italy as well as the lack of greater tonnage in 
the pretended ports of departure at the Italian east coast make at pre- 
sent operations in the Adriatic-area the most unlikely but could stress 
the possibility of an outflanking landing operation at the Italian 
Western Coast. 

The invasion army in French North Africa is estimated to at least 22 
groups ready for action. According to reconnaissance identifications 
of the North African ports - which, however, are very incomplete - 
the detected number of landing craft permits the conclusion, that a 
landing operation is not immediately at hand. 

Concerning the naval forces, the Armed Forces Operations Staff /Foreign 
Affairs Section considers the retention of heavy vessels and the ap- 
pearance of two new auxiliary aircraft carriers in the western Medi- 
terranean and the great number of cruisers, destroyers and submarines 
in this area very important. 



-211- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
15 Mar. 19^ 

In regard to enemy plans the following is said: 

Western Mediterranean: 

The striking retention of heavy naval forces at Nettuno as well as 
the increasing number of auxiliary aircraft carriers in the Mediter- 
ranean enable the enemy headquarters to launch a sufficient number of 
naval forces in supporting large scale landing operations on fortified 
coasts . 

Beyond deduction of the tonnage of landing craft used in Nettuno there 
will still be left landing-craft tonnage for about three or four land- 
ing divisions. As the landing-craft tonnage operating at Nettuno will 
also be engaged in future in supporting these operations, the enemy 
would not at present be able but execute only one large scale landing 
operation in the western Mediterranean without new supplies of landing- 
craft tonnage. 

The judgment of possibilities for employment of fighter forces does 
not reveal further indications on the launching of a large scale 
operation, as from Corsica-base the close-range-zone of fighters 
covers the northern Italian area as well as the southern French coast 
up to the Gulf of Lyon inclusively. 

An operation against northern Italy would strike the deep flank of 
the Army Group C and therewith would be connected with the operations 
in Italy. Limited by geographical conditions it will not effect 
essentially upon the main invasion from Great Britain against France. 
A.lso, the conditions of command organization of the invasion armies 
which are under the command of General Eisenhower inclusive the troops 
standing in French North-Africa far off from the High Command of 
General Wilson is in contrary to such an operation. The number of 
counter-intelligence reports which indicate to enemy plannings in the 
direction to the Gulf of Genoa/North Italy' is comparatively small. 
Up to now, sabotage plots and aircraft attacks in the North Italian 
area were only directed against supply organizations of the Army 
Group C. 

A large scale landing operation between Marseille and San Rafael or 
in the Gulf of Lyon would bring the intended immediate effect on the 
operation against the French northern and western coast. The possi- 
bility for launching stronger forces without difficulties being effec- 
ted by the tides and within the shortest time would be an important 
point of view for possible advanced priority in contrary to the inva- 
sion started from Great Britain. 

The suspected subordination of the Allied Forces in North Africa al- 
ready mentioned under the High Command of Eisenhower as well as 



-212- CONFIDENTIAL 



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CONFIDENTIAL 
15 Mar. 19^ 

similar organization at the Allied heavy bomber formations of the Air 
Force refers to this direction of operation. 

The composition of the invasion group North Africa in which the French 
are participated with S 2/3 large groups would not indicate to a land- 
ing operation at Italian territory too. In connection with the trans- 
fer of the American Army High Command 7 to North Africa which is under 
the command of the well experienced General Patton the interest of the 
American Intelligence Service for the southern French coast which 
stresses the possibility of a landing operation in Southern France in 
connection with the sabotage plots in the southern French area is 
remarkable too. 



Eastern Mediterranean: 

In consequence of the present attitude of Turkey an intended operation 
against Hhodes or against another of the Aegean Isles dared to have 
become questionable because the occupation of the Turkish airfields 
with the British Air Force has been the supposition for this. But 
this one does exist no more at present. 

The transfer of the ^th British Infantry Division originally projected 
as air transportation division from Syria to South Italy (possibly 
transferred in order to occupate the Turkish airfields in December 
loiJ-3 from French North Africa to Syria) indicates to further easing in 
the Eastern Mediterranean. 

At present no tokens revealed for landing operations at the Balkans 
from South Italy. The Anglo-American support from here will at first 
be confined as in the past to the current supply of weapons and equip- 
ment as well as to the defense of the life important supply base of 
Tito, what is the Isle of Lissa. 

Increasing cooperation between Allied Headquarters and the Balkans 
Guerrilla Commands make it possible however, that in future the execu- 
tion of smaller part operations will appear, whereby the situation of 
the guerrilla bands and the effort of the enemy Air Force as well as 
the supply of agents are indicating especially to the Dalmatian coas- 
tal sector (Zara-Split) and to the Greece area. In connection with 
this the transfer of all the Greece troops from Syria to Egypt will 
appear to be important for a possible evacuation. 

Iberian Peninsula: 

No positive identifications were submitted on military operations of 
the Anglo-Americans against Spain and Portugal, The present pliability 
of the Spanish Government to the Anglo-Saxon demands seems to make a 
landing operation unlikely at present. 



-213- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
15 Mar. 19^ 



III. The Operations Div./lTaval Staff forwarded the following request 
to the Commander in Chief, Air Force/Operations Staff: 

"In consequence of the accentuation of the mine-field situation in the 
area of the Commanding Admiral Defences East and by the sweeping of 
training-areas for inspectorates and schools the sweeping duties in 
the area of the Commanding Admiral Defences East have increased essen- 
tially. The 5th Division of the Minesweeping Group 1 which is sub- 
ordinated as to operational matters to the Commanding Admiral Defences 
East with its twelve planes can no more afford the appearing tasks. 

Therefore it is requested with recourse to the group reserve respec- 
tively to the temporary withdrawal of planes from the Minesweeping- 
Squadron of the 4th and 2nd Air Force to "bring up in total further 
ten or twelve minesweeping planes to the Baltic Area and to put them 
at disposal of the Commanding Admiral Defences East, 



, 



IV. All the naval forces (patrol boats and destroyers) available now 
operating in the Skagerrak-patrol against British blockade runners had 
to be transferred to the Gulf of Finland in consequence of accentua- 
tion of the situation at the northern Eastern Front, Therefore owing 
to lack of vessels the surveying of the Skagerrak became impossible 
and was suspended, all the more since by the omission of the operation 
"Greif" the minor efficient survey of the Swedish Skerry-waters ceased. 
Therewith the British fast merchantmen have the opportunity to pass 
the Skagerrak unseen and unhindered. This fact induced the Fuehrer to 
point out checking of all possibilities for stopping this traffic once 
again. 

The Naval Staff judges the possibilities of survey as follows: 

In consequence of their high speed the blockade runners pass the Ska- 
gerrak from the Skagerrak warning area until entering the Swedish 
Skerries in six to seven hours. In each case the moment of running 
the blockade is unknown in advance. Even the leaving of the returning 
boats from Lysekill respectively the leaving from the skerries will 
not be recognized in time because the blocking and concealing in port 
is carried out very conscientiously, the blockade runners often 
change their berths before leaving and can break out from the Skerry 
Waters by many different and not clear recognizable outlets. 

Therefrom reveals, that a survey can only be efficient if always 
numerous patrol-boats in several patrol and reconnaissance lines 
disposed to depth will be at sea. But owing to lack of suitable 

-214- COKFIDEHTIAL 



> 



CONFIDE NTIAL 
16 Mar. 19^ 

ships this demand cannot he met by the Navy. Besides this, fast ves- 
sels with an equal or superior speed as the "blockade runners (destroy- 
ers, FT-hoats) have to he held always in immediate notice in port in 
order to he sent out in time against reported blockade-runners. (At 
present there is as fast vessels only one destroyer ready for war 
availahle, which cannot continuously lay in readiness.) Even in event 
of early sighting-report these vessels will mostly come too late and 
miss the blockade runner. Therefore the fuel consumption and the 
stress on material hy the continuous readiness are very unfavorable 
compared with the possible hut very doubtful prospects of success. 

The nightfighter directing ship "TOGO" which was projected for the 
Skagerrak is extraordinary endangered from the air "because of the 
radiation of her equipment and therewith the easy getting of bearings. 
She affords, especially in air threatened areas just as the Skagerrak 
a strong antiaircraft protection. Suitahle escort vessels for this 
precious ship are not available in sufficient number. Besides the 
"TOGO" at present can not he used in free sea area owing to the "break- 
down of her stabilising devices and therefore operates in the Gulf of 
Finland ("base Tallinn). 

The Naval Staff imposes the opinion, that only hy increased effort with 
patrol- and if necessary with homher aircraft the enemy "blockade run- 
ning with fast merchantmen could he prevented. She approached her 
opinion and the limited possihilities of the Navy to the Commander in 
Chief, Air Force Operations Staff who hy himself and on the strength 
of the Fuehrer's utterances has already seized the prohlem. 

The Armed Forces High Command/Operations Staff/Navy was informed of 
the ahove mentioned judgment. 

According to information of the Commander in Chief, Air Force/Opera- 
tions Staff Operations Branch/Naval Liaison the TOGO is fully ready 
for operations. 



V. Concerning the transfer of formations to Romania the Chief of the 
Armed Forces High Command ordered: 

"1. The situation in the southern part of the Eastern Front con- 
straints to immediate transfer of headquarters, troops and facilities 
of the Army and Air Force to North-Romania. According to previous 
estimation would be in question at first: 

In the Army ahout 1.000.000 men 

In the Air Force about 20.000 men 



-215- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
15 Mar. 1944 

2. The German General attached to the High Command of the Romanian 
Armed Forces is instructed for immediate taking up discussions with the 
Romanian General Staff in the sense of the teleprinter message which 
will "be sent to Marshall Antonescu with the date of 14 March correspon- 
ding with the demands of the Services. 

3. All the demands of the Services, concerning transfers caused 
by the situation and questions arisen in connection with this have to 
he directed to the German General attached to the High Command of the 
Romanian Armed Forces, who will coordinate them by order of the Chief 
of the Armed Forces High Command present them to the Royal Romanian 
General Staff. 

The Air Force and Navy is at liberty to choose cooperation 
with their commands being in Romania. 

4. As to the conclusion of agreements with economical nature 
(such as accommodation, victualling, money supply etc.) which could 
only be decided by the General attached to the Romanian Armed Forces 
approval would be set aside for the Chief, Armed Forces High Command. 
In most urgent cases the disbursement of pay in Romanian currency 
must be renounced. 

The Operations Div. /Naval Staff correspondingly informs the 
Group South. 



VI. The report of the visit of the Under Secretary of State of the 
Italian Navy, Rear Admiral Sparzani on 17 February 1944 was retained 
for records with 1 SKI S 5615/44 GXdos in War Diary Part C Volume XIV. 



Situation 15 March 1944; 
I. War in Foreign Waters: 
Nothing to report. 



II. Situation in the West Area: 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group eleven, at the 19th Group 60, at the Azores Squad- 
rons one plane was detected on mission. Three British vessels were 
detected in the rendezvous area. 

-216- CONFIDENTIAL 



€ 



u 



CONFIDENTIAL 
15 Mar. 1944 

2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast : 

The patrol "boat 722 [?J after having struck a mine sunk off Brest. 
Twenty-four men are still missing, or filled in action resp. 

Minesweeping and clearing duties were carried out with increased 
effort. Six mines were swept. 

At 1900 the 5th and 9th PT-boat Flotilla left Brest for torpedo opera- 
tions against easthound convoys off Land's End. The boats were detected 
by the enemy reconnaissance. 



Channel Area: 

Battle brief reports of the PT-boat^ engagements on the evening of 
14 March see Radiogram 0307, 0510 and 2135. 

One mine was swept east of Cherbourg. 

From 20*4-0 to 2105 the 18th Patrol-boat Flotilla was engaged with 
several enemy PT -boats off Blanc Nez. Four enemy boats were sunk. 
Only minor own damage. 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters: 

) North Sea: 

The convoy 486 Elbe-Hook proceeded passage from Helder. Four convoys 
with 72.000 BRT were escorted in the Zuider Sea and the Zealand 
Waters. 

Strong penetrations and return flights of enemy bomber and fighter 
groups were reported in the area of the Northern Netherlands. 

Several vessels were slightly damaged in Scheveningen. 



Norway. Northern Waters: 



-217- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
15 Mar. 19^+ 

1, Enemy Situation; 

At the 13th Group, 13 planes were detected on mission. At 1420 our 
own air reconnaissance sighted an emerged unknown submarine in 140° 
70 miles west of the southerly tip of the Lofotes which did not an- 
swer the recognition signal. At 1403 about 200 miles WW of the 
southerly tip of the Lofotes an emerged submarine which in approaching 
turned from 30° to 36O ran high speed and did not answer the recog- 
nition signal, was fired on with gunfire, presumably some hits were 
scored. 



2. Own Situation: 

On 14 March at 0230 six motor minesweepers put out to sea from Pet- 
same in order to reconnoitre against Russian naval forces which were 
located off Petsamo. At 03^0 three enemy PT-boats were sighted in 
AC 8733 which steamed off with high speed. 

On 14 March busy routine flights were observed in the area of the 
Polar Coast. In the exit of Porsanger Piord one submarine chaser 
was attacked with air torpedoes without effect. One smack doing 
passenger shipping in Varanger fiord was attacked by ten enemy 
planes with bombs and gunfire. Casualties were sustained by men 
of the Army. 

On 14 March at 2100 the steamer "IRMA" (3 757 BRT) loaded with ore 
ran aground off Prohavet and broke in two later on. On 15 March 
at 0600 the steamer "EUROPA" (3 767 BRT) loaded with coal was rammed 
by the tanker "LISA E5SBSRGER" off Stavanger and sunk. The crew was 
rescued. 

Twenty-six northbound and 38 southbound ships were escorted. 

The supply flight "Bassgeiger" was carried out successfully. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea: 

1. Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 



2. Own S ituation: 

-218- COFFIDSFTIAL 



G 



CONFIDENTIAL 
15 Mar. 19^ 

There were 27 "boats and four minesweeping planes in the Baltic Sea 
Entrances, 39 boats and eight mine sweeping planes in the Baltic Sea 
engaged in minesweeping. One ELM/A* (translator 1 s note: type of mine] 
was swept off Frederikshavn. 

Convoys were carried out as planned and without incidents. 

The steamer "KNIEPRODE" came free again. 

During the night of 13 March sabotage was carried out at the construc- 
tion site of the transmitter Aarhus. On 15 March the steamer "STRAUSS" 
(1700 BRT) struck a mine and was damaged. 

Owing to mine demolition the patrol boat VS "54" sunk in A0 7812. The 
^ \ crew was rescued. 

At the crossroad of the channels 35 and 43, boats of the 1st PT-boata 
Training Flotilla were fired on by the German steamer "TAURI" . The 
PT-boat S "123" was hit on the forecastle. 

The Commander (minelayers) with "BRUMMER", "ROLAND" and "LINZ" is on 
passage from Pillau to Libau. 

The net laying was continued. 

After concluding her operation during the night the "TOGO" anchored 
off Tallinn roads. 



> 



For executing the minefield operation "Seeigel" 2 B the destroyers 
Z "28," "25, n "39" and three minesweepers were projected for. 



V. Merchant Shipping: 

In the brief report No. 4/44 the Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff/ 
Foreign Merchant Shipping is dealing with the import embargo of fuel 
to Spain, enemy merchant shipping in the harbor of Lisboa during the 
month of January 1944, air-free-convoy-traffic from Sweden to Great 
Britain and others. Copy as per 1 SKL 9948/44 Geheim in War Diary 
Part C Volume XI. 



VI. Submarine Warfare: 
!• Enemy Situation: 



-219- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONF IDENTIAL 
15 Mar. 19^ 

According to Radio Monitoring one "burning ship and the. rescue of sur- 
vivors was reported in FG 2287 (Gulf of Guinea). Possibly result of 
one of our submarines. 

2. Own Situation: 

The Submarine U "852" reports sinking of one steamer of 5.000 BET in 
large grid square FF. 

nothing particular from the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic. 



VII. Aerial 7/arfare: 



••r 



West Area: 

During the day there were "busy approaches of planes with fighter cover 
into Belgium/Northern France. Airfields, industrial and transport in- 
stallations were attacked. There penetrated about 20 planes into 
Western France, thereoff ten ones came from the South. 

During the night of 15 the bombing attacks of strong groups in the 
Netherlands Belgium, North and West France on airfields and railway 
installations were continued. 

Nineteen of our own planes were sent out for harassing attack on Lon- 
don during the night of 15 March. 



Reich Territory: 

On forenoon, several hundred planes with fighter cover penetrated for 
attack on Braunschweig. The raid, which especially was directed 
against the central area of the town and Wattenstaedt is said to have 
been of medium size. Three hundred and eleven of our own fighters 
shot dov:n 15 enemy planes. In the evening Stuttgart was attacked by 
several hundred enemy planes which approached from the West and the 
South. For diversion one part penetrated into the area of Innsbruck- 
Starnberger See and retour. The attack was said to have been of med- 
ium size. Our own nightf ighters shot down eleven planes. 



Mediterranean Theater: 
With strong forces the enemy attacked traffic communications in North 

-220- CONFIDENTIAL 



o 



CONPLDgHTIA L 

15 Mar. 19^ 

and Central Italy. Besides the harbor of Piombino was attacked, whe: 
"by two attacking planes were shot down "by antiaircraft artillery. 

Our own forces attacked Naples during the night of 14 March, Accord- 
ing to reports submitted up to now four steamers were hit. On il5 March 
until the night hours of 16 March the enemy carried through prepara- 
tions for new attacks in the area of Cassino with about 3*000 planes. 



TCastern Area: 

1 122 own and 253 enemy missions were counted at the Eastern Front on 
14 March, Four own and eight ene^y losses were sustained. 



VIII, Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea: 

1, Area of the Naval Group West: 

Enemy Situation: 

At 07^-5 seven freighters and three corvettes left Gibraltar Atlantic- 
bound, In the afternoon there followed eight freighters, two destroy- 
ers with two corvettes and one minesweeper. 

The "GARIBAIDI" /class cruiser reported to leave for the East on 
14 March changed the course and left for the Atlantic, 



Own Situation: 

Owing to bad weather conditions escort and convoy duties were sus- 
pended , 

The Group West again allowed the ore-traffic on the Spanish east coast 
after that the Reich Commissioner of Maritime Shipping has confirmed 
that the fruit shipping was suspended for Germany and that Barcelona 
is possible to be reached as port of destination for ore shipping. 
The navigation will be carried out at night. All the steamers have 
to stop at Port Vendres on their passage to and from. The shipping 
will be organized by the 6th Coast Patrol Force, 



-221- COKFIDEKTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
15 Mar. 1944 

2, Area of the G-erman Naval Command Italy: 

Enemy Situation: 

At 0400 air reconnaissance detected one convoy consisting of eleven 
transports, eight destroyers and six escort vessels heading 310° south 
west of Gape Circeo. 

According to sighting report there were six PT-boats standing for west 
of Elba at 1350 on 1*4- March, Notes of course and speed are missing. 

According to Radio Monitoring the UGS J>k is thought to be in the area 
of Naples, 

The strong aerial survey on the Italian west ports is lasting on. 



Own Situation: 

In the night of 14 March the torpedoboat TA "20" carried out the mine- 
laying operation "LAUPER" south of Ancona as planned and then entered 
Venice, 

The planned operation of an Italian MAS-boat during the night of 16 
March against the beachhead was not carried out owing to weather 
conditions, 

3, Area of the Naval G-roup South: 

a, Adriatic: 

The Tank Army High Command reported with 14 March: Sighting of two 
destroyers off the South coast of Corcula and two ships in direction 
to Mljet. 

At 0300 on 15 March false bomb dropping was carried out on our own 
motor minesweepers south of Pola, The motor minesweepers E. "188," 
"190" and "191" entered Pola in the forenoon and are to be leaving 
for Brae in the evening. 

Again onboard of the PT-boat S "113" the engine exploded. Therefore 
the passage from the North to Corfu is suspended. The Admiral Aegean 
is planning to re transfer the PT-boat s S "601" and G "103" to Salamis 
for repair. Owing to weather conditions in Central Adriatic Sea the 
transfer of PT-boat s from Pola to Cattaro cannot be carried through 
on 15 March. 



-222- CONFIDENTIAL 



» 



) 



.NFIDEHTIAL 
15 Mar. 19W- 

On inquiry of the Operations Div. /Naval Staff (.see War Diary 14 March) 
the Admiral Black Sea reported, that doubts against new operations of 
the landing company in the Adriatic do not exist and that the company 
already is put at disposal for this purpose. 



b. Aegean: 

For a new time the convoys were delayed for 2k hours owing to bad 
weather. For the rest nothing particular. 



c. "Black Sea; 

Enemy Situation: 

Aerial photograph of Poti and Batum revealed the fact, that all combat 
units of the Russian Black-Sea Fleet were present in these ports. 
Amount of shipping- in details see situation of the day. 

According to Radio Monitoring one submarine B was detected about 60 
miles south west of Sevastopol presumably being on return passage and 
a second one off Tuapse. 

For the rest only some small vessels stand for the east coast. 



Own Situation: 

Nothing particular was reported from the patrol at Dnjepr-Liman. Pa- 
trol in the same strength is projected for the night of 15 March. 
The patrol-line, in the southern outlet of Kerch-Straits consisting 
of three motor minesweepers had no enemy contact during the night of 
Ik March. The planned occupation with three naval landing craft dur- 
ing the night of 15 March was not carried out owing to weather con- 
ditions. 

In the northern Dart of the Kerch Straits minor crossing was observed, 
the aerial tramway was in service. 

On Ik March at 1000 the 5th Naval Artillery Detachment fired on the 
enemy troops east of Kolonka. The enemy replied the fire from beach- 
head. 



-223- CONFIDENTIAL 



15 Mar. 19*A 

On 15 March, at 1--CC the pert-area and -.he "berth of la-ysh Burun was 
shelled by enemy 1? en battery, -he raval landing craft remained un- 
damaged, 

Three farther res-alts were reached in uinesweeping in Danube— estoary 
by ninesveeping planes. 7ne nine sweeping was continued by two nine 
exploding vessels and six ninesweeping planes. 

In consequence of an information by the Seneral Staff of the Army 
liaiscn Officer ravy the "-roup South receives the following directive: 

1, "The Amy intends to keep }7ikclaev only for a linited tine. 
Introtode crrre spending evacuation in coordination with local Amy 

Headquarters. 

2. Development concerning Odessa cannot be figured cut. Zarry 
en thinning out according to situation. ■ 

Tor thinning cut ."ioclaev eleven combined cps, boats, 16 engineer 
ferries, five assault boats and 22 floating bridge sections put out. 
Tesides 15 lighters and five cranes were towed off 'oj six tugs in 
direction to Odessa. The rest of the convoy traffic was partially 
delayed owing to weather conditions. 

The Troup South instructed the Adniral Black Sea to count on short- 
termed request of transportation space (naval landing craft etc.) for 
crossing cur own withdrawing troops on 3 ug -Li ran Eiver from Eastern 
tc Western banks and to prepare afterwards nine infection of the Bag- 
Li ran and Lnjepr-Linan, In the present situation the Troup considers 
the possibility tc support Odessa very unlikely in contrary to the 
probability of immediate abandonment. The Admiral Black Sea is to 
consider this in his precautions for evacuation and is to measure in 
the sharpest way concerning the necessity of remaining headquarters 
in Odessa. The infection with nines of Odessa harbor has to be pre- 



■•^a f" Ml 



Simultaneously the Troup South intrusively pointed the Army Group A 
towards the importance of the support of Odessa for the further Crimea- 
sifuaticn and counted up the disadvantages which say turn out for our 
own supply in event that enemy occupation of Odessa may occur. The 
Taval Staff was asked by the Troup South to influence the Armed forces 
Hish Command occasionally. 

Che Armed Threes High Command/?oreign Counter Intelligence II. trans - 
sitted tne request of the Army High Command 17 for support on the 
part of the TTavy to sabotage plots against railways and enemy strong 
points at the Western Caucasian Coast. Agents of the Counter Intelli- 
gence Service are to be transferred at sea by boat during the night to 



-224. COgLDBEIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
15 Mar, 19^ 

the western Caucasian coast and returned "by "boats after execution of 
their tasks in the same night. The Naval Staff commissioned the Ad- 
miral Black Sea, with copy to Group South to check in direct coordina- 
tion with the Army High Command 17 in spite of important doubts 
against the possibility of execution of those proposals all given pos- 
sibilities of naval support and to report the result or the 
intentions. 



IX. Situation Eastern Asia: 
Nothing to report. 



O 



-225- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
16 Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Importance: 

A report of the Naval Attache Helsinki from 10 March on the situation 
in Finland 1 SEX 859/^ GXdos Chefs, was laid down in War Diary Part C 
Volume III. 

According to report of the Naval Attache from 16 April the Government 
announced a declaration in the Reichstag on 14 March which asked for 
unanimous agreement to the opinion of inacceptableness of the Russian 
conditions and which contained the vote of confidence. On 15 March 
unanimous agreement by all fractions could he brought on in passing 
on to the order of the day. Therewith the Government is authorized 
for precautions which seem to he necessary. The answer to Moscow is 
projected for 17 March, The inner political consequences are still 
unclear. 



Discussion of the Commanding Admirals. Naval Command Baltic. Forth Sea 
and Group Forth/Fleet with the Commander in Chief. Navy, at 1000. 

1. The Admiral Kummetz descripes the planning for the execution 
of operation "TANNE". According to his opinion the cover of Hochland 
occupation with the heavy cruisers PRINZ EUGEN and the S CHEER against 
Russian naval forces will be necessary. 

In the field of the amount of transportation of the army the high num- 
ber of horses and at the amount of the Air Force the high number of 
motor cars must be checked. 

In discussing the occupation of the Aland-Islands the Commander in 
Chief, Navy imposes the opinion that at least destroyer cover will be 
necessary. But those are required for escorting the heavy cruisers 
PRISZ EUGE" and the SCHEER. In addition to this the Commander, Train- 
ings Unit Fleet proposes to use light cruisers and older ships of the 
line for these escort operations. 

This question is to be checked carefully by Group North/Fleet or by 
the Trainings Unit Fleet resp., in accordance with the Naval Command 

East. 

The Commanding Admiral, Naval Command East points towards the decreas- 
ing darkness. Due to this fact the unobserved approach during the 
night would not be carried out any more since the beginning of April, 
The shorter the nights will grow the more the first landing operation 
would be carried out by strong forces. Uncovered vessels could but 
put into operation in the following time. The icing question would 



-226- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 



16 Mar. 19^ 



be regarded as settled for this year. The keyword must he issued at 
the earliest time possible in regard to the preparation of batteries. 

The necessity to provide reserves for the space of transportation and 
the strengthening of antiaircraft armament of the cruisers is B^ill 
dealt with in details. 

2. Then, the command organization in the area of the Skagerrak/ 
Jutland proposed by the Naval Staff was discussed. Doubts were raised 
only "by the Commanding Admiral, Naval Command North Sea, who indeed 
did not want to agree to the dividing line at the political border but 
acknowledged the reasons for this intention and, in the present situa- 
tion, could make no better proposal himself. 

3» In the conclusive conference on the situation no particular 
reports and decisions were made. 



Special Items: 

I. Concerning the operation "Tanne" 

1. The Naval Staff applied to the Armed Forces High Command/ Ope ra- 
tions Staff/Operation Branch or the Commander in Chief, Air Force 
Operations Staff /Chief of Operation Branch for checking if the number 
of horses and motor cars provided for "Tanne" could not be restricted 
in order to simplify the transportation at sea and the landing itself. 

Copy of relevant telegram 1 SKL I op 852 respectively 853/^*4 GKdos 
Chefs, in War Diary Part C Volume III. 

2. The inquiry of the Armed Forces High Command/Operations Staff 
Navy concerning the Finnish naval forces was answered as follows. 

"The Finnish naval forces in winter rest. In details: the iron clad 
VAEINAEOEINEN ready for disposal in case of need, will be ready ac- 
cording to schedule in the beginning of April, in event of eventually 
docking later. 

The minelayer "RUOTSINSALKI" ready. The gunhoats "KABJALA", "TUBUNMAA" 
ready. "UUS IMAA" , "HAEMEENMAA" ready in the beginning of April, 
"AUNUS" clear, "VIENA" ready in the beginning of April. Submarines: 
two ones ready for 1 April, two ones on 15 April. PT-boats five ones 
ready, two ones joining each week. Escort vessels (armed tugs), one 
Aalandsee, one Kotka ready. 



-227- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
16 Mar. 19^ 

PT-boats and motor minesweepers at present not ready for operation 
owing to ice," 



II, The Armed Forces High Command/Operations Staff Army wired with 
13 March: 

'•Development of situation is causing numerous changes of the projected 
and prepared transfers of forces in event of enemy large scale landing 
operations. Therefore continuous and detailed working at this subject 
will not "be carried out in future. Reinforcements in cases of "FALKE", 
"KAMA", "3LUME", "MARDER", "FORELLE" and "GERTRUD" will rather be or- 
dered according to situation, whereby the figures projected up to now 
previously will not be reached. 

The Commanding Admirals, the Commanding Generals, Armed Forces and the 
Chief of Army Armaments and the Commander Replacement Army, however, 
further have to count on the ordered withdrawals deducting the forces 
already transferred to Italy in so far as large scale battles are not 
already going on in the theaters which are projected for the detail- 
ing of forces. 

The Groups, Naval Commands East, Forth, Norway and the German Naval 
Command Italy will be informed in correspondence with the Opera- 
tions Div. /Naval Staff. 



III. In reference to the operation "Gisela (neu) n the Group West 
reports concerning the PT -boats base off the Spanish North-coast: 

"1, For both PT-boats Flotilla Bordeaux and La Pallice has 
to be provided, 

2. Bayonne and Arcachon have to be projected as operational base, 
the latter with the possibility of recourse to Bordeaux, 

3* In St. Jean and Gironde estuary no preparations have to be 
made," 



IV. Referring to the directive from the Group South concerning pre- 
cautions of the Admiral Black Sea in event of the loss of Nicolaev 
and Odessa the following Radiogram from the Admiral Black Sea was 
overheard, partially seriously crippled: 



-228- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
16 Mar. 19^ 

"1. In event of capture of Mcolaev and Odessa the enemy receives 

a. base for surface forces in the north-western area of the 
Black Sea, According to experiences in the Sea of Azov there must be 
reckoned that the enemy will immediately transfer PT-boats, motor gun 
boats by railway across the Dnepr-River. Minelaying and torpedo op- 
erations with PT-boats up to at least off St. G-eorghe-Eupatoria would 
be possible from Odessa. Owing to minelaying and air endangerment 
the transfer of larger vessels can less be assured at present. 

b. Favorably situated submarine-base. In consequence there- 
fore much better utilization of especially the 200 tons-boats. 

c. Basic port for operations against northern Crimea and Rou- 
manian coast. 

2. Counter measures: 

a. Mine infection with E- and A-mines in event of evacuation 
of Odessa. 

b. Minelaying in Dnepr-Liman estuary. 

c. Barrages deeply allocated between Odessa and Tendra. 

In shallow waters under 15 m depth also E- and A-mines. (Referring 
from 2a to e). The transfer of larger vessels to Odessa and their 
operation from this point must be prevented as otherwise the Crimea- 
supply will be threatened to the utmost. Therefore sufficient mine- 
laying materiel must be put at disposal in the fastest manner. 

d. Organization of a coastal patrol service at the Roumanian 
coast, carried out by naval landing craft. 

e. Patrol lines on the northern coast of Crimea by naval 
landing craft and artillery ferries. 

f. Strengthening of the coastal defense of the Roumanian 
coast. 

g. Employing of operational forces PT-boats and motor mine- 
sweeping against presumably soon beginning of enemy shipping Odessa - 
Skadovsk - Horli and occasionally Odessa - Nicolaev, in so far as our 
own minefield situation does allow. 

h. Operations with Submarines and PT-boats in the northwest- 
ern part of the Black Sea as soon as larger vessels or preparations 
for landing operations would be stated there. Speeding up the supply 
with submarines of type XXIII. 



-229- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
16 Mar. 19^ 

i. Immediate operations of the Air Force against identified 
ship targets at sea." 

2. On 14 March the naval Liaison Officer attached to the Army 
Group A radioed to the Admiral Black Sea: 

"Speeded thinning out only ordered for Niko, does not come in ques- 
tion for further installations. In Odessa, shipyard repairs have to 
be maintained with materiel available in full extent, mainly for 
repair work. Thinning out of dispensable installations and machinery 
useful. No further constructions of port and shipyard facilities." 

The Naval Staff transmits this overheard radiogram to the Group South. 

; 

V. Referring the judgment on the situation of the Air Force Command 
South East concerning the Aegean (See War Diary 14 March) the Admiral 
Aegean reports: 

"In consequence of the reduction of the enemy air reconnaissance ex- 
pressed in numbers no facts may be gathered according to our opinion 
that the enemy will lose the direct control of ship movements in the 
Aegean. On the contrary, there may be paid attention to the concen- 
tration over areas in which convoy-movements were recognized by air 
reconnaissance or the amount of shipping in ports would make except 
those ones. Figures of approaching planes spring up as soon as ship 
movements are reported. "Extended reconnaissance during the night. 

Examples : 

1. On 9 March convoy passage of three torpedo-boats, three sub- ^ 
marine chasers, two steamers. Being in the area 18 enemy reconnais- 
sance planes, at night attack on the torpedoboat TA "15" with the 

effect of sinking her. 

2. Transportation flights with Ju 52 from Rhodes. Thereupon 
attack of Beaufighters at 1731 on 14 March with effect of three 
downed Ju 52. 

3. The amount of shipping in Suda on 15 March was one torpedo- 
boat, three submarine-chasers, two patrol-boats, one freighter, one 
motor-sailing ship. Thereupon from 0157 to 0^53 on 16 March ten to 
15 planes circled in the area of Suda-Rethimnon- Iraki ion. 

At 0500 laying of ground-mines by planes in Suda-Bight. 



-230-. CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
16 Mar. 19^ 

Convoys of the Admiral Aegean are not induced "by enemy flights in 
their planning and execution, hut only hy the supply of vessels and 
weather conditions. 



VI. Referring to the question of the strengthening of the Aegean 
Defense the Group South again put up ample detailed judgment. Copy 
of relevant Radiogram as per 1 SKL I op 721/^ GKdos Chefs, in War 
Diary Part C Volume XIV. 

The Operations Div. /Naval Staff thoroughly agrees with this considera- 
tion on the situation as "basic idea hut, advises the Group that in 
executing this planning the practical possibilities, that is to say 
the influences emphasized by the Naval Staff on 1 March must be con- 
sidered upon strongly. Thereby the influence of the transport and 
supply facilities is to consider first which; has to be brought into 
accordance with the advanced defense. 



VII. In addition to the oral report of the Chief of Shipping and 
Transport Branch on 20 February l$kk at the Commander in Chief, Navy 
(see War Diary 20 February) the written report of the Journey was 
submitted. Copy as per 1 SKL ejlk/^k GKdos in War Diary Part C 
Volume XIV. 



VIII. The Group North/Fleet reports, that the midget submarine of the 
type "BUNTE" was declared mature to production by the Flender - 
shipyards in Luebeck after having passed the first practical trials. 

The Commander in Chief, Navy decided that for the first time 20 boats 
for training purposes would be commissioned according to the proposal 
of the Group North/Fleet and that the expert in charge of questions 
for the Naval Special Operations Unit attached to the Quartermaster 
Division principally is to obtain personal impressions from the pro- 
posed weapon eventually with assistance of referring experts. 



IX. Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff informs the Groups and Haval 
Commands and the German Naval Command Italy in summary from the report 
on the situation West from 15 March. Copy as per 1 SKL 839^/^ GKdos 
in War Diary Part D Volume "Enemy records on the Situation. " 



-231-1 CONFIDENTIAL 



COKFIDSFT IAL 
16 Mar. 19^ 

Situation 16 March 19^4 

I, War in Foreign Waters: 

i. Enemy Situation; 

IT o thing to report. 



2. Own Situation: 

Referring to the loss of the BRAZE the Naval Attache Tokyo transmits 
the following opinion: 

"The enemy supposed, that after the sinking of "SCHLIEMANN 11 supply 
task was still unsolved, therefore new ship to be expected. Meeting 
point farther to the East, scouting patrols limited "by weather con- 
ditions, to check "by carrier-borne planes. I do not "believe that 
the position was compromised "because the supply was going on undis- 
turbed for several days." 

Of the reception of the Japanese submarine "2IEF2R" the Lieutenant 
(3.0.) Jaenicke who was passed over as escort officer south-west of 
the Azores reported already. Copy of the report as per 1 SXL I K 
8166/44 OZdos in War Diary Part C Volume I. 



II. Situation in the West Area: 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th C-roup there were ten, at the 19th G-roup 51 planes were 
detected on mission. Three British and one American vessel were 
located in the rendezvous area. 

According to Radio Monitoring presumably the enemy carried through a 
larger minesweeping operation under fighter cover in West-Channel on 
the morning, in which were engaged one Flotilla Commander and nine 
escort vessels as well as another vessel. 



2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 



s 



■^ 



-232- C0!7?IDEI?riAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
16 Mar. 19^ 

Both, one mine was swept off Brest and St. Nazaire, two mines were 
swept off La Pallice. 

During the night of 15 March the 5th and 9th PT-boats Flotilla put- 
ting out from Brest carried out operations against the convoy-traffic 
off Land 1 8 End. Releaving each other enemy planes contacted with the 
grouo during the whole approach and dropped bombs for several times. 
They could not be shaken off. Thereby and by several break downs of 
machinery our own group was seriously delayed. Because shortly after 
midnight Radio Monitoring intercepted the warning of the convoy on to 
which was operated, the planned thrust operation was therefore sus- 
pended. A.11 routes which were thought to be convoy channels were 
swept. On their way back, which was begun at 0220 one group of the 
5th PT-boat Flotilla was chased by destroyers. The PT-boat S "1^3" 
was hit, the Commanding Officer was wounded. However, the boat could 
be brought in. The 2nd Group of the 5th PT-boats Flotilla too met 
enemy destroyers which steamed off at the attack of our own boats and 
could be shaken off then. On their way back, the 9th PT-boat Flo- 
tilla too was fired on by destroyers at first according to location 
which, however, could be shaken off. Both the Flotillas returned to 
Brest. Brief report of the Naval Group West see Radiogram 1805. 

New operation of the Flotilla is intended during the night of 16 March. 



Channel Area; 

In the engagement of the 18th Patrol-boat Flotilla which met ten enemy 
PT-boats at 20^0 in AN 7'991 on her passage from Calais to Boulogne 
four enemy boats definitely were annihilated. Minor casualties only 
occurred to our own part. Brief report of the 18th Patrol-boat Flo- 
tilla see Radiogram 00*4O, brief report of the Commanding Admiral Defen- 
ces West see Radiogram 0110. 

The Commander in Chief, Navy acknowledged the distinguished performan- 
ces of the 18th Patrol-boat Flotilla under command of 1st Lieutenant 
Behrends and those of the 3&th Minesweeping Flotilla which annihilated 
in total eight enemy PT-boats by telegram: "Well done". 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters 
North Sea: 
1. Enemy Situation: 



•233- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
16 Mar. 19^ 

Since the afternoon of 15 March Radio Monitoring intercepted special 
aircraft weather observation service over the central North Sea pre- 
sumably in co-operation with the 18th and 16th Group, Longer Radio 
messages were transmitted. 



2. Own Situation: 

Both one mine was swept by planes north of Langeoog and north of 
Schiermonikoog, 

The convoy 487 Elbe-Hook started at 0200. 

The 9th Motor Minesweeper Flotilla transferred from Cuxhaven to Hook. ^ 

The naval forces of the Commanding Admiral Defences North are executing 
convoy-mine sweeping duties in increased effort. 

Five convoys with approximately 44,000 BRT were carried out in the 
Zuider Sea and in the Zealand Waters. 



Norway. Northern Waters: 
1. Enemy Situations 
At the 18th Group 17 planes were detected on mission. 



2. Own Situation; 

On the afternoon of 14 March the harbor of Tadsoe repeatedly was at- 
tacked by enemy planes. Two Norwegian smacks were sunk and some 
casualties are reported. For the rest the penetrations into the 
areas of Petsamo, Vardoe and Banak was unimportant. 

Twenty four northbound and 41 southbound ships were escorted. 

The "TIRPITZ" has carried out her trial trip at Bogen-Bay and entered 
at 1800 in Kaafiord. 

The Naval Command ITorway reports the dispatch of the 5th Air Force, 
saying that the Reichsmarschall has ordered the withdrawal of four 
heavy antiaircraft batteries from Kristiansand South for the cover 
of the Molybdenum-Plant Knabengrube. Due to that fact the most 



-234-; COHFIDSSTIAL 



» 



CONFIDENTIAL 
16 Mar. 19^ 

important convoy port of Norway only is but protected by one heavy 
Naval A - L antiaircraft battery* and two light batteries of the Air 
Force. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea. 

1. "Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 



2. Own Situation: 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances 33 boats and four minesweeping planes, in 
the Baltic Sea kk boats and seven minesweeping planes were engaged in 
minesweeping. South of Anholt and in the Kiel-Bay one mine was swept. 
The steamer STRAUSS which was damaged by mine on 15 March in the Kiel 
Bay, sunk. Off Swinemuende the sinking of one small vessel, presum- 
ably the steamer "RUTH GEISS" (258 BRT) loaded with oats was reported. 

Convoy traffic was carried out without incidents. 

The destroyers are lying in six hours' readiness at Paldiski respec- 
tively Tallinn Roads. The AF "32," "35," "56," "50" as well as B "35," 
"6" and WF "119" and the heavy artillery carrier "West-Flandern" 
arrived at Tallinn. 

The 1st Motor Minesweeper Flotilla with six boats transfers from Libau 
to Tallinn. The Commander (minelayers) is in Tallinn with the 
"BRUMMER", the "ROLAND" and "LINZ" are lying at Libau. 

The "TOGO" with minesweeper M "^53" anchored at Tallinn Roads after 
night operations. 

The barrage Seeigel B 2 was laid as planned. The laying of the net 
barrage was continued. From Narva-3ay no particular reports were 
submitted. During the night of 15 March five armed fishing vessels 
of the 31st Minesweeping Flotilla were detailed to aircraft watching 
positions. 

Regarding the situation on the mainland the Admiral Baltic Countries 
reports strong enemy attacks against the Gorodenka-Front carried out 
with tank support, essential own casualties. A salient thrust-key 
position north of Gorodenka was withdrawn. Strong enemy attacks were 
carried out on the Narva-beachhead. Lilienbach was lost. A penetra- 
tion 100 m wide north of it was cut off. 



-235- CONFIDENTIAL 



CCTFIDIHTTIAL 
16 Mar. 19^ 

During the night of 15 Karen Hungerburg was shelled for short time 
only "but violently. The "battery of Merekuela fired on the enemy "bat- 
tery at the southerly tip of Magerburg and scored good hits in the 
target. 

The Faval Command 2a3t reports of the result of the discussion with the 
Chief of Staff of Commander (minesweepers) East and the Finnish Gen- 
eral Yalve. There is olanned 



a. Reinforcing the Suckaiaervi-barrage with 4C0 mines and 
closing the barrage gap east of Eochland with 100 mines and laying of 
an outflanking barrage of 100 mines east of the Aspe-Skerries . 

b. The laying of operative barrages or infections of the 

eastern Gulf of Finland resp. as well as bombardment positions east » 

of Hochland with mines and buoys with ant i sweep cutter by the Finns 
will occur in accordance with us. 

c. Increased operation with Finnish PT -boats in connection 
with the German Kavy. Torpedoes are running short. 

d. The Finns want to secure Hochland east and west about 
1000 m off the shore with mines on shallow waters. They suppose that 
occasionally the Russians eventually will break through south of the 
Island and also would land coming from the west with bombardment of 
the Etesian Fleet at the 3ame time. 

e. Just as in 19^3 the Finns will secure the fighter protec- 
tion of the netlayer3 in the Sbrth. 

f. They request for 1.000 buoys with anti sweep cutter. 

p 

g. The General Valve declared sponsored "by himself that ac- 
cording to his opinion peace with Russia would not come into question. 
The whole Finnish Armed Forces would oxroose this. 



V. Submarine Warfare: 

1. Fneny Situation: 

Colombo reports Submarine attack at 1143 in 5510 and transmitted sub- 
marine warning calls for I J3530. 



2, Own Situation: 

-236- COKFIDESTIA! 



CONFIDENTIAL 
16 Mar. 19^ 

The Submarine U "311" listened a convoy in BE 2260 in the North Atlan- 
tic. 

The Group "Preussen" transfers its operational areas on to 180 miles 
in the direction of l6o°» In order to aggravate statements by the 
enemy it is planned not to set up the boats at one place but raobil. 

The Submarine U "801" was attacked by two flying-boats in EH 3811 and 
slightly damaged. The Commanding Officer was slightly and five other 
men seriously wounded. 

Tor the rest nothing to report. 



VI. Aerial Warfare: 

West Area: 

During the day numerous missions from England into Belgium/Northern 
France were carried out where airfields were attacked. ' One Ju 188 
and three Ar 96 planes were shot down in doing training flights. 

Twelve planes coming from the South attacked and damaged two small 
merchantmen off the southern coast at Port St. Louis. Further at- 
tacks on airfields were carried out by gunfire of the strong enemy 
groups which were penetrating into the Reich territory. 

During the night of 16 March about 200 enemy missions were reported 
into Belgium/Northern France. ' In Western France the M ichel 1 n-P lant i 
in the area of Clairmont-Ferrand were attacked. 

From the South 35 enemy penetrations into the area of Perpignan 
without attacks were reported. 



Reich Territory: 

Strong enemy bomber groups with fighter cover penetrated into the area 
of Augsburg. From 1210 - 1250 the town was attacked from the West and 
South-West. In the outskirts of the town great damage was inflicted 
to living quarters and industrial plants. In Lechhausen serious casu- 
alties were suffered under the mass of workers of the Messerschmitt 
Plant, because several splinter proof trenches were directly hit. A 
further attack was carried out on Friedrichshafen. Also on Ulm and a 
number of country villages in the area of Ulm, Augsburg, Ingolstadt 
several bombs were dropped. Own defense results not yet reported. 



-237- CONFIDENTIAL 



C OOTID ENTIAL 
16 Mar. 19^ 

During the evening hours aproximately 70 - 80 enemy planes were ob- 
served in the area north of Borkum presumably laying mines. Further 
20 enemy planes carried out attacks in the area of Cologne. 



Mediterranean Theater: 

On 15 March more than 1000 planes attacked our own main line of 
defense and positions in the area of Cassino. 

In the remaining Front area another 350 enemy planes operated. Six 
planes were shot down "by antiaircraft artillery and fighters. The 
port and railway facilities of St. Benedetto, the airfield of Eieti 
and one train at Terni were attacked. Only minor effect. 

Nine enemy reconnaissance planes were recognized in the area of Crete- 
Ithodes during the night of 15 March some more in the Adriatic. Twenty 
planes dropped bombs scattered over the whole area of Sofia. 

On 16 March our own planes of the 2nd Air Force carried out reconnais- 
sance operations. 



Eastern Area: 

On 15 March 450 enemy and 933 own missions were reported from the 
Eastern Front. Fifteen enemy planes were shot down, five of our own 
planes were lost. 






VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea: 
1. Area of the Naval Group West: 
Enemv Situation: 
Nothing to report. 

Own Situation: 

At 1130 two steamers being engaged in gravel traffic for the Organiza- 
tion Todt were attacked by eight enemy planes with bombs and gunfire 
south of Port de Bouc and so seriously damaged that they sunk in 
the evening. 



-238- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
16 Mar. 19^ 

2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy. 

Enemy Situation; 

Referring to picture spotting there, two PT-boats, two escort vessels, 
2k large, eight medium-sized and two small landing craft, were lying 
in Anzio in the morning. 

According to sighting five large and eleven medium-sized transports, 
one destroyer and 15 escort vessels and landingcraft sailed south of 
Nettunia. 

At 0900 four destroyers in covering these vessels and two destroyers 
north of Ponza were recognized* 

Strong navigation was observed at the Italian Bast coast in the area 
of Vieste-Otranto on the afternoon of 15 March, The aerial survey of 
the Western and Eastern Italian ports is continuing to he strong. 



Own Situation: 

The enemy air raids of 15 March on Piombino - La Spezia - Viareggio 
inflicted no damage. In repeated air raids on Benedetto the railway 
installations were interrupted for several times. Three attacking 
planes were shot down "by antiaircraft artillery. On the noon of 
16 March serious enemy air raid took place on Leghorn. The submarine 
chaser "2209" • one steamer and two tugs sunk in the harbor. Another 
tug was damaged. In the air raids on Viareggio which was attacked 
three times bombs were dropped on the shipyards on the harbor and 
railway installations but did not inflict important damage. 

At her trial trip off Spezia the torpedoboat TA w 2^" was attacked by 
fighter bombers and scored minor splinter damage. One plane was shot 
down. 

On 15 March convoy and patrol duties were curtailed owing to weather 
conditions. Minesweeping was suspended too. 

Our own submarines meet strong enemy defense in the landing area. 
Therefore the chances for success are very limited and the boats 
widely endangered. Therefore the Commander Submarines Mediterranean 
receives the directive, that the order of disposing five boats in the 
waters of Naples - Nettunia (See War Diary 6 March) was cancelled. 

The Commander Submarines Mediterranean is to report new operational 
areas in the western Mediterranean with the directive that now as 



-239- CO NFIDENTIAL 



CO&FIDEKTIAL 
16 Mar. 19^ 

"before the aim will be: to support the fighting troops in the beach- 
head in the best possible way. 

The Armed Forces High Command /Operations Staff Navy, the German Naval 
Command Italy and the Commanding General, Armed Forces West will be 
informed of this new directive. 



3, Area of the ITaval Group South: 

a, Adriatic: 

Enemy Situation: 

At 0615 there stood two thought to be destroyers for 48 miles HE of 
Termoli sailing with high speed presumably on their return passage 
from the Dalmatian coast in a south-easterly course. At 0930 two es- 
cort vessels were reported 32 miles east of Termoli and one coastal 
freighter and two escort-vessels were reported 17 miles NE of Vieste 
heading South, 

At 03^0 four units stood on the beam for Cattaro-Bay in ten or twelve 
miles distance off the land, suspected to be convoy with air-cover on 
northerly course. 

At 0050 during the night of 13 March a burning ship was observed from 
Zara after antiaircraft fire took place west of the isle of Murter, 



fr 



Own Situation: ¥ 

On 13 March the steamer "DAZSA" (1246 BRT) sank in Dubrovnik after 
being hit by two direct bomb hits. On 16 March one coastal motor 
drifter in Zara was damaged by fighter bomber attack and another one 
was damaged off Zara. One coastal motor drifter sank in the vicinity 
of Pola, 

During the night of 15 March the PT-boats S "36" and S ^l" transferred 
from Pola to Cattaro. On 16 March the PT-boats E "188," h 190 n and 
"191" entered the EE-Bay of Brae, The boats are to carry out mine- 
sweeping in the area of Brae in the evening. 



b, Aegean: 



-240- COEFIDEHTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
16 Mar. 1?M 

The port-entrance of Soda was infected with mines 07 enemy planes and 
temporarily closed. 

Owing to explosion of pressured air containers, the GA *2k* sank in 
the Bay of Vuliagmeni. 



c. Black Sea: 

Enemy Situation: 

According to Radio Monitoring two destroyers were sailing 20 miles 
south of Sotschi at 1437 coming from the South and heading north- 
western course. At 1600 the vessels were sighted with fighter cover 
about five miles south of Sotschi and at 1930 10 miles west of Tuapse 
heading course to Tuapse* The reconnaissance from Skadovsk to Pere- 
kop resulted no identifications. 



Own Situation: 

During the night of 15 March and on the evening of 16 March Sofia was 
attacked by minor enemy air forces. Naval quarters remained undamaged. 
Ho casualties sustained. 

At 1420 one of our own convoys was attacked "by enemy air forces with- 
out effect 100 miles west of Sevastopol. During an air raid on the 
base of the special operations group Dnjpr carried out by 14 planes, 
one naval landing craft and another vessel were damaged. A low level 
bombing attack on Ochakov carried out by 21 enemy planes inflicted no 
damage. 

Owing to bad weather the patrol vessels of the Dnjpr-Liman entered 
the Bug-River during the night of 15 March. One naval landing craft 
was fired on from the eastern bank of the River. Resumption of Dnjpr- 
Liman patrol is planned for the night of 16 March by four naval land- 
ing craft. 

The River tug "ELBING-' 1 ostensibly was captured by the enemy on her 
passage from Nicolaev - Odessa. 

Owing to bad weather the towed convoy Nicolaev - Odessa was disposed. 
Up to now there was stated that one lighter sank and four lighters and 
three barges stranded. 



-241- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
16 Mar, 19^ 

From 0640 heavy gunfire was imposed on Ochakov. Two tugs were hit 
thereof f one of them sunk. On 15 March the 3rd Battery of the Naval 
Artillery Detachment 613 was "bombarded with different calibers. No 
casualties. 

Owing to had weather the patrol of the Kerch-Straits did not put out 
to sea during the night of 15 March, The patrols will he operated hy 
three naval landing craft during the night of 16 March, 

In the Bay of AK Metchet stranded one lighter, at Eupatoria one lighter 
and one river-patrol "boat ran aground. Owing to bad weather condi- 
tions the PT-hoats, motor minesweepers and suhmarine chasers did not 
operate. 

The minesweeping at the Danube was concluded, the "blocking was released. 



VIII, Situation Eastern Asia: 
Nothing to report. 



-242- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
17 Mar. 19^ 

Itema of Political Importance: 

The British and USA-Governments try to ohtain an explanation from the 
Russian Government on behalf of her decision of taking up direct 
relations with the Badoglio-Government • The Manchester Guardian con- 
firms that this step of Moscow came wholly unforeseen for London and 
has proved how little the allied diplomacy cooperated together. Un- 
fortunately, the resumption of diplomatic relations between Badoglio 
and Moscow has taken place in a moment where tensions have appeared 
between the Allied Governments and the democratic parties in South 
Italy. The "Times" states that the Allied counsel committee did not 
fulfill the expectations which had been attached to it. The "New 
York Times" points at the Russian plan to strengthen the Russian in- 
fluence on the Balkans, 

Following the "Daily Telegraph," de Gaulle also asked permission for 
the appointment of a diplomatic representative in Moscow. 

At the Berghof , the Bulgarian council of regency was recepted by the 
Fuehrer for discussions. 



Conference on the Situation with the Commander in Chief. Navy: 
I. The Quartermaster General: 

a. The Reichsfuehrer SS agreed with the transfer of four police 
fighting boats to the Navy for operations on Lake Peipus. 

b. The construction of the base near Kusantip (Sea of Azov) 
began. As first period of construction the mole is to be accomplished 
in the middle of May this year. 

c. On application concerning the raising of fuel allocation to 
the Navy, the Chief, Armed Forces High Command principally acknowl- 
edged the requirement but expressed that no full realization of this 
demand could be expected however. 

d. Concerning the construction site of Salonika, the Quartermas- 
ter Division is planning to approach the Chief Committee for Naval 
Construction again after seeing that the Krupp firm is establishing 
there an own construction tite which extended to somewhat larger site 
could be projected to simultaneous needs of the Navy. 

The Commander in Chief, Navy approves this. 



-2^3- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
17 Mar. 1944 

II. The Chief of Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff: 

The King of Sweden addressed a message to the Marshal Mannerheim and 
to the President of the State Ryti in which the resumption of peace- 
able relations with Russia were recommended. 

The Finnish Cabinet is said to have come to the decision to ask for 
a new term of 14 days from Moscow. This information was not confirmed, 

III. The Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff /Foreign Navies, points 
out, just as a year "before that presumably a stop lasting from the 
middle of February to the beginning of November may also happen in 
this year in the Qu P-convoy shipping. Up to now, no serious tokens 
revealed for the beginning of a new convoy on this route. 

IV. The Foreign Affairs Section/Naval Staff reports on the question 
of the arrest of the Admiral Robert (Vichy) if need be whose attitude 
against the Anglo-Saxon is quite certain. The Commander in Chief, 
Navy approves that for this step consent is not granted. 

In a highly Restricted Circle: 

V. Oral Report of the Chief of Organization and Mobilization Branch 
and the Chief of the Shipping and Transport Branch on the proposal of 
the Commanding Admiral of the Naval Command Norway concerning the 
transfer of the control of the Merchant Shipping in the area of Nor- 
way by the Navy. The application is now submitted in writing. The 
Chief of Organization and Mobilization Branch discussed this question 
in Oslo. The Naval Staff supports the conception that control would 
be taken up only in the beginning of fighting operations. Even loose 
survey should be avoided during the preceding time of tensions. The 
preparing establishment of corresponding commands of the Navy and the 
National Commissioner of Sea Shipping will be necessary in order to 
transfer the control without difficulties in event of A-occasion, 

The Commanding Admiral of the Naval Command Norway joined this concep- 
tion. 

But no agreement in this question could be reached, however, with the 
Commanding General Armed Forces, Norway. The Army only looks at this 
matter from the stand of mainland warfare. 

The Chief of the Shipping and Transport Branch reports of a widely 
arranged action of justification of the Reich Commissioner of Mari- 
time Shipping at the cost of the Navy, The Reich Commissioner of 
Maritime Shipping raises the statement that the blame for failure of 
transportation in the Mediterranean Theater was laid to the Navy. 
Only good relations would exist with the new Commander in Chief, Navy, 
The Supply and Transportation Office, Armed Forces Overseas proved 
true to the very best. 

-244- CONFIDENTIAL 



m 



CONFIDENTIAL 
17 Mar. 19^ 

On 29 March the Commander in Chief, Navy will discuss this problem 
with the Reich Commissioner of Maritime Shipping himself. In mean- 
time the request for transfer of the control of merchant shipping in 
the area of Norway in event of imminent large scale "battle actions 
is to be directed to the Armed Forces' High Command/Operations Staff 
with information of the Reich Commissioner of Maritime Shipping. 

VI. Army Situation: 

Informations and tokens about plans of landing operations and attacks 
of the Russians at Crimea are lasting on. Strong enemy forces are 
concentrated against the bridgehead of Nicolaev. Holding of Nicolaev 
was ordered. Enemy plans of outflanking operations may be possible. 
The development of situation at the Army Group South is judged very 
serious in the Fuehrer's Headquarter too. Evidently, in knowledge of 
some gaps, the enemy put up decision to advance in masses towards the 
Dnestr. Tank spearheads pushed forward unto Jampol. Vinnitsa was 
attacked from all sides. Generally enemy attacks in the area of Tar- 
nopol were stopped. Stronger point of concentration is lying near 
Xovel, Just as in the area of the 2nd Army local enemy pressure was 
reported in the area of the Central Army Group. At the Narva-Front 
the enemy started stronger attacks. 

Generally, the attacks in Italy at Cassino were repulsed. Continua- 
tion will be expected. 

Special Items; 

I, The Naval Staff informs the Group South of the following letter 
of the Chief, Armed Forces High Command to the Marshal Antonescu from 
14 March: 

"The present development of the situation in the South of the Eastern 
Front confronts the German Command with the decision to transfer with- 
in shortest time the supply bases of two armies which operate there 
into the northern Roumanian area and beyond this to transfer staffs and 
troops to Roumania in an extent limited to the utmost now as before. 
The strength of the Army Sections coming into consideration is at 
first to be expected with about 100,000 men and the strength of the 
Air Force formations with the least 20.000 men. 

In order to continue this battle with promising successful effect and 
also for effective securing of the Roumanian area too this measurement 
became irrevocably necessary. 

Therefore, I beg your Exellency to advise the Royal Roumanian General 
Staff to enter negotiations on this question with the German General 
attached to the Roumanian Armed Forces High Command immediately. The 



-2^5- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
17 Mar. 1944 

German General attached to the Roumanian Armed forces High Command 
was charged with relevant directives "by myself. 

May I express the hope that regulations will he found in consultation 
to "both sides which in the farthest possible maintenance of the Rou- 
manian economical interests will guarantee the successful continua- 
tion of our joint struggle in the "best way." 

II. The Group South informatorily instructs the Naval Staff of the 
judgment which was sent to the Tank Army High Command 2 concerning 
the necessity of the capture of Vis and Logosta in the earliest pos- 
sible time. Copy as per 1 SKL 8363/44. GKdos in War Diary Part C 
Volume XIV. 

The judgment corresponds to the conception of the Naval Staff. 

III. According to instructions the Hydrographic and Meterological 
Division worked at the unified navigation chart of the Danube for 
the purpose of military and general shipping, partially on the "basis 
of fully new plannings, Now preparations have made progress so far 
that publication of these charts will begin soon. 

IV. The Intelligence Division transmits reports of an agent working 
in the office of an military Attache of the Enemy Powers in the neu- 
tral foreign countries. Concerning the plannings of invasion by the 
Allies the following is said thereon. 

1. "By all means one is trying, to induce Finland to an agree- 
ment with Russia in order tc create Allied bases in the North in this 
way and from there to roll up the German Front in Norway with simul- 
taneous landing operations at the Atlantic coast. 

2. Informations which are speaking from eventually not occurring 
invasion operations turn out to be informations for special purpose and 
it is planned to carry out the main thrust against the continent during 
the last third of the month of April. 

3« The invasion starts from southern British ports referring to 
cypher two and it is to be landed at the Dutch-German coast. 

4. Among others 120.000 men of airborne troops are in prepara- 
tion for this invasion." 

The Allied plans against Spain and Portugal are said to be as following: 

1. "In the first instance Portugal will not enter the war and no 
occupations by the Allies are planned at the Portuguese coast after all. 



-246- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
1? Mar. 19^ 

2. The Cape Verde Islands are excluded, the occupation of which 
is planned in order to create further bases. 

3. The main interest is turning to Spain already revealing from 
the fact that especially the Americans essentially increased the 
American personnel of the embassy in Madrid particularly in the of- 
fices of the military attaches. 

4. Without mentioning the strong economical pressure which con- 
tinuously is imposed on Spain, there exist plans to create airfields 
in Valencia and Malaga, but in contrary to that there does not exist 
the plan to occupy the Balearic Isles in the moment. 

5. The American Secret Service succeeded in taking up contact 
with the Spanish Air Force. But in contrary to that leading officer 
circles of the Spanish Navy and of the Spanish Army refused the Ameri- 
can endeavours. 

6. Blocking of petrol imports to Spain. Without mentioning the 
political pressure, which one is imposing on Spain in this manner one 
is to prevent that the Spanish Armed Forces may invest certain stocks 
of petrol in order to weaken the defense forces of the Spanish Armed 
Forces. 



Situation 17 March 19^: 
I. War in Foreign Waters: 
Nothing to report. 



II . Situation West Area 

Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group were 20 at the 19th Group were ^7 planes and at the 
Azores Squadrons there was one plane detected on mission. Three 
British and one USA-vessel was located in the rendezvous area. 

According to Radio Monitoring on 12 March ciphered radiograms were 
intercepted from 1929 - 2156 in the British Home Area which up to now 
were observed in this manner only at landing operations of the Italian 
Fighting Area. Presumably landing exercises were carried out. 

Own Situation: 

-2k7- CONFIDENTIAL 



CQKFIDBITTIAL 
17 Mar. 19^ 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

Six outgoing and one entering submarine were escorted. Mines were 
swept as fellows: in the area of Lorient one, in the area of La 
Pallice three and in the area of St. TTazaire two. 

On ]A March at 0100 a French steam trawler was sunk by enemy planes 
in BF 55^5* 

The "blocking of Brest-roads was released. During the night of 16 
March destroyers and torpedoboats escorted the convoy "CHABIOTTE" 
and entered Brest at 0800, 

Channel Area: 

During the night of 16 March the 5th and 9th PT-boat Flotilla operated 
in the western Plymouth-3ay without sighting the enemy. 

The flotilla entered Cherbourg, Brief report see Radiogram 0128, 

Towards midnight of 16 March the 18th Patrol-Boat Flotilla consisting 
of four "boats was repeatedly attacked by fighter "bom"ber3 without 
effect in 3F 3161, 

From 0008 - 0031 the army coastal "battery nine and ten fired 19 rounds 
on located enemy targets off Fecamp without noticeable effect. Short- 
ly "before midnight the "battery Paimpol fired on located sea targets in 
BF 2961. 

The convoy "CEAELOTTS" entered Lezardrieux and continued proceeding 
to Cherbourg at 2000, 

During the night of 17 March the transfer of the steamer "HECHT" from 
Boulogne to Dunkerque is planned. 



III. ITerth Sea, Norway. Northern Waters: 

Forth Sea: 

Convoy, escort and minesweeping was carried out as planned in strong 
effort. Both one mine was swept off tfangerooge and off Cuxhaven. One 
British motorboat drifted ashore at Tmuiden and was safeguarded. 

The convoy 1230 Hook-Elbe put out to sea with six steamers. 



-248- COHFIDBHT UL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
17 Mar, 19^ 

Four convoys with 60.000 BRT were carried out in the Zuider Sea and 
in the Zealand Waters. 

On 16 March at 1820 one Dutch towed convoy in the Zuider Sea was 
raided with homos and sustained no damage. 

Norway . Northern Waters: 

Enemy Situation: 

At the 18th Group Command twelve planes were detected on mission. At 
1815 one plane was located in AN 4610 transmitting weather reports. 

At 1439 one British vessel was located in 4119. Another vessel trans- 
mitting urgent radiograms at 1849 was detected in AN 6447. 

At 1150 one Russian reconnaissance plane reported the passing of Pers- 
Fiord hy one of our own convoys. Besides, presumahly one of our own 
convoys bound for the East at 0750 in Kongofiord, Still more ships 
were reported off Makkaur in 110° • 

Own Situation: 

At 0945 one of our own easthound convoys was attacked by submarines 
with two missing rounds in the outlet of Syltefiord. The convoy was 
detected by enemy air reconnaissance and attacked by enemy air groups 
with bombs and torpedoes at 1030, 1115 and 15^5 in the area of Vardoe, 
No damage. Out of 50 attacking planes our fighter shot down yi ones 
and the naval antiaircraft artillery two other planes. 

Thirty six northbound and 32 southbound ships were escorted. 

The battleship "TIRPITZ" reported execution of trial trip on 15 and 
16 March, The ship armament and the engine is fully ready as to 
material matters except the cruising turbine which showed unbearable 
vibrations. At first the ship is doing remnant repairs. 

From the operations with the automatic weather transmitters carried 
out during the year 19^3 the operations "Dietrich" and "Christian" 
are still operating at the Bear-Island since 7 September respective- 
ly 6 December 19^3* Two devices have run down after about 70 days 
of working and a 5th device broke down according to technical fail- 
ure. On the strength of these satisfactory results of this year 
strengthened current operations of FW-land devices is projected from 
the Hydrographic and Meteorological Div. and here they are: at the 
Bear Island in the 2nd part of April, at Novaya Zemlya in July, at 
Franz Joseph's Land at the occasion of the evacuation of operation 
"Schatzgraeber," at Northern Spitzbergen at the evacuation of 



-249- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
17 Mar. 1944 

operation "Kreuzritter" and at the east-coast of Greenland at the 
evacuation of operation "Bassgeiger." 

The Hydrographic and Meteorological Div. requested the Group North/ 
Fleet to arrange for the operation with these devices. At each time 
the Chief of Naval Communications will report the readiness for 
service in the port of departure. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea: 

Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 



Own Situation: 

In the Baltic Approaches 32 boats and four mine sweeping planes, in the 
Baltic Sea 35 boats and four minesweeping planes were engaged in mine- 
sweeping. The convoys were carried out as planned and without 
incidents. 

At 2040 the submarine U "286" was rammed by U "1013" east of Ruegen. 
The submarine U "1013" sunk to the half. Up to now ten men were 
rescued. 

The Commander of the 1st Motor Minesweepers Flotilla with five boats 
is proceeding from Libau to Tallinn. The netlaying is continued in 
the Gulf of Finland. 

Regarding the mainland situation the Admiral Baltic Countries reports 
enemy harassing fire on own batteries in the sector of Hungerburg, 
which was replied by our own batteries. 



V. Submarine Warfare: 

At the afternoon, the submarine U "311" was pushed away from the 
north sailing convoy and presumably sunk one destroyer by Zaunkoenig* 
torpedo. In 9524 the submarine IT "415" received heavy depth charg- 
ing by a fighter group and began to return to home base owing to 
damages. At 1504 the submarine U "549" sighted one passenger steamer 
in BF 4748 heading SW. From EB 6896 the submarine U "518" reported 
air raid and later on seriously ruptured report of position concerning 



-250- CONFIDENTIAL 



~ 



* 



CONFIDENTIAL 
17 Mar. 19^ 

the Caribbean Sea. No further important reports. 



# 



VI. Aerial Warfare: 

During the day, airfields in the Dutch-Belgium and northern French 
area and besides this the marshalling yard of Crail was attacked "by 
strong groups escorted by fighters. At the latter serious damage was 
inflicted, a number of planes was destroyed respectively damaged at 
the airfields. In Western France 120 enemy planes were reported in 
the area of Orleans, Angers, Brest without attacking. The airfield 
of Le Bourget was attacked with gunfire by 20 planes. During the 
night of 17 March about kO enemy planes in the Belgian area and one 
plane in the western French area without attacking. 

Fifteen Me ^10 from which twelve reached the target attacked London 
in the evening from 7 - 8000 m altitude. 

Reich Territory: 

During the afternoon hours Wien was attacked by several hundred 
planes, from 6003 m which approached from the South. Presumably, the 
target of attack was the Heinkel-Plant. Owing to bad weather condi- 
tions, however, only minor damage was inflicted. Our own antiaircraft 
artillery shot down four planes. 

During the evening hours isolated planes attacked Cologne and Aachen. 
Other isolated planes penetrated into the area of Radom.-Krakau 
coming from Slovakia, presumably in order to drop agents. 

Mediterranean Theater: 

On 16 March 400 enemy planes operated in the Italian Front Area with 
focal point on Cassino, seven of them were shot down by antiaircraft 
artillery. Besides this the Fiat-works (at Pisa) Leghorn, San Bene- 
detto and the railway station of Ancona were attacked. 

During the night of 16 March 31 Ju 88 operated against sea-targets 
off the beachhead. One freighter was sunk, two freighters, two landing 
craft and one destroyer were damaged. On the morning of 17 March own 
plane carried out reconnaissance flights. 

Eastern Area: 

On 16 March there 776 own and 170 enemy planes at the Eastern Front 
were reported. 15 enemy planes were shot down. 



-251- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
17 Mar. 19^ 

Planes of the 4th Air Force carried out photographic reconnaissance 
of Rostow as well as from the Black Sea and Azow-Sea ports. No new 
identifications. 

The successful operation of the 5th Air Force at Vardoe was already 
reported. 



VIII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea: 

1. Area of the Naval Group West: 

Enemy Situation: 

In the morning one convoy consisting of 28 freighters and one destroy- 
er and five corvettes entered Gibraltar coming from the Atlantic. 
Towards midday one large convoy of two transports, 18 freighters, 
seven corvettes passed the Gibraltar narrows wesfbound. 

In the morning one heavy cruiser coming from the West entered Gibral- 
tar, one "CAIRO"-class cruiser left Gibraltar for the Mediterranean. 
Coming from the Mediterranean eight freighters, one monitor and one 
escort vessel entered Gibraltar. 

Own Situation: 

Four convoys with 13.500 BRT were carried out off the French South 
Coast. 

Owing to losses of the steamer "CABYLE" and n MAUBA w shipping only is 

admitted "between Port de Bouc and Marseille during the night. £ 

2. Area of the German Nav al nnmm and Italy: 

Enemy Situation: 

In the early hours of the morning one convoy consisting of ten large 
freighters, one transport with twelve escort vessels was detected 
approaching Anzio in the area off the beachhead. Moreover single 
proceeding ships were at the same course. Five destroyers and seven 
escort vessels formed a patrol line west of Anzio to Cape Circeo. 
The German Naval Command Italy reports, that according to the latest 
identifications the freighters remain lying at anchor directly off 
the ports and continue unloading even during the night. The main 
supply predominantly was "brought on during the night. The departing 
convoys assemble south of Anzio during the late afternoon hours. 



-252- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
17 Mar. 19^ 

Own Situation: 

On the morning of 16 March one of our own convoys was attacked presum- 
ably "by PT-boats with torpedoes from the shoreside without effect 
northwest of Avorno mouth. 

Owing to enemy air raids on 16 March two shipyards burned out at Via- 
reggio. Except the damage already reported in the air raid on Leghorn 
on 16 March another two auxiliary minesweepers were hit. 

Jour motor minesweepers swept the channel Piombino Spezia without 
result. 

Mine laying operation east of Ravenna was carried out as planned. 
During the night of 17 March the operation of an Italian MAS-boat off 
the beachhead is projected. 

3. Area of the Naval Group South: 

a. Adriatic: 

Enemy Situation: 

According to report of the Intelligence Div. from 10 March the control 

of the Isle of Vis was essentially strengthened. At 0630 our own air 

reconnaissance sighted 20 boats in Comitza, ^8 boats in Vis and one 
freighter in Balista. 

Own Situation: 

In an enemy air raid on Zara on 15 March four coastal motor sailing 
ships were damaged, one of them sunk: and one had been set aground. 
During the same day Split was attacked nine times and Trogir seven 
times from the air. 

The tanker "G-UILIANA" which entered Split on 16 March reported, that 
she was approa.ch.ed by two unknown boats during her passage from 
Sibenic and Drvenik and that after having fired on them the crew 
jumped overboard, swam ashore. Furthermore the tanker "GUILIANA" 
sighted a burning motor sailing ship which was sunk by two PT-boats, 

During the night of 17 March operation with PT-boats S "36" and S "6l" 
is planned in the area of the Central Dalmatian Islands. 

Belated was reported, that during the night of 22 February one tug 
8nd nine small ships were sunk by partisans in the harbor of St. Loren- 
zo near Albuna. 



-253- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
17 Mar, 19^ 



At 0310 the convoy "AG-ATHE" was detected by enemy air reconnaissance 
north of Iraklion. Eight "boats of the Defense Flotilla Attica are 
put at disposal for screening the coast during a mopping-up operation 
planned for 20 March. According to reports of the Assault-Division 
Hhodes the attempt for landing which was made by a small enemy intrud- 
er patrol on the harbor of Tilos was repulsed. 

On 12 March two naval landing craft and one Siebel ferry thoroughly 
searched Bulsa Bight near Monembasia with infantry cover without 
result. Leaving Monembasia the two barges were attacked with two 
unsuccessful torpedoes. A third torpedo hit a wreck near the coast. 

At 0705 Otshakov v/as attacked by seven planes in low level flight. 
At 0915 Feodosia was attacked by about 4-0 planes. The anti-aircraft 
artillery shot down three fighters and four planes. No damage nor 
casualties did occur during these attacks on the side of the Navy, 

During the night of 16 March naval ferry barges operating in patrol 
lines at Kerch Straits off Tusla were shelled by a 17 cm battery 
without effect. 

The Crimea-Convoys were carried out without particular incidents. 

The Naval Staff informs the Armed Forces High Command, Counter Intel- 
ligence concerning the sabotage plots at the West Caucasian coast, 
that in spite of essential doubts the Admiral, Black Sea was instruc- 
ted to examine all possibilities for naval support in close co- 
ordination with the Army High Command 17 for this operation and to 
report the result or the plans. 



Black Sea: 



1. Enemy Situation; 
Nothing to report, 

2. Own Situation: 

One naval landing craft operational group in the Dnieper repulsed the 
attack of two enemy planes at 0507 and then repulsed continuous attacks 
and shot one plane down. 



VI I , Situation East Asia: 
Nothing to report. 



-254- CONFIDENTIAL 



COHFIDENTIAL 
18 Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Importance: 

For a new time the demand for the Second Front was raised in the 
Soviet Press. The only way to annihilate Germany would be the realiza- 
tion of the simultaneous operations which were planned and decided in 
Teheran. 

Following Reuter the Government of the Soviet-Ukraine raised territor- 
ial claims which exceeded essentially far west from the Curzon-Line, 

The Canadian Prime-Minister declared that Canada should have renounced 
every payment of nearly all war deliveries to the Allies. 

According to Reuter the USA does not consider to take the diplomatic 
legitimation of the Badoglio-Government into consideration. 

Among others, the Intelligence Division reports the Anglo-Saxon plans 
of invasion-operations from a London source around Eden via the 
neutral communication service: 

"On the occasion of a banquet given by the Royal Naval Club, the 
General Montgomery explained to a friend, that in spite of all suc- 
cesses the Russian offensive operation would be in delay for about 
two months. That is to say, that its present stand would not comply 
with exactly the plans which existed on the side of the Russians and 
which played an important part in the Teheran-conference. The reasons 
to this delay should be: 

1, the mild winter-season 

2. the stubborn German resistance in the Dnjepr- turning. 

Today the Allied High Command seems to make use of the Russian pro- 
mises in Teheran concerning their offensive operations for political 
purposes. In addition to that no word can be said of an offensive 
operation against the Atlantic-Wall for the only possibility of suc- 
cessful landing operations would lay in the Balkans. 

At the same occasion the following utterances of Mr. Eden made in an 
intimate circle could be put down: 

The British and American Governments would hope to be prepared so far 
until March that they could carry out the planned invasion operation 
at the Balkans with the agreement of Moscow. But unfortunately, this 
date would pass without making an agreement with Moscow in this 
respect. Here among ourselves there are people who would even carry 
out this planned operation without the Russian consent. This, how- 
ever, would hardly be possible and at present the discussions will be 

-255- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
18 Mar. 19*J4 

continued intensively. The promise for delivery of one third of the 
Italian Fleet to the Russian must he valued in this sense. 

At any rate one will do right in counting on an overall due prolonga- 
tion of war beyond 19^+» There may be* added to all this that not 
only the Russian offensive operation alone did advance less far than 
one had expected but that also the British-American offensive opera- 
tion in Italy did so. Today, the bridgehead of Anzio became the 
greatest trouble of the High Command. However, in contrary to that, 
the operation of Anzio revealed something of the German strength of 
defense to the Allied General Staff. It may be assumed that the 
strength of the German Armed Forces even after four years war was 
not estimated right by Allied experts. Today one has to understand 
absolutely that one considered the weakening of the Reich to be more 
advanced as it really is at this moment. 

Nobody in the world can expect that we will bring the planned large 
invasion a similar fate as it happened to be with the partial inva- 
sion at Anzio. Therefore today and in the following weeks and even- 
tually still much longer, there will be no other offensive operation 
but the one of the further increased aerial warfare. Moreover the 
majority of the members of the Supreme Council of War is believing, 
that an aerial offensive operation against Germany constantly in- 
creased and continued would perhaps even now bring the decision." 

In regard to the same theme another Counter Intelligence report 
announces from reliable diplomatic sources from London: 

"According to a number of political reasons the invasion will be 
expected in leading circles in late spring at the beginning of sum- 
mer of this year. Nevertheless, the publicity and to a large extent 
circles of the Armed Forces too (which are not informed) are believing 
that according to the further progressing aerial offensive operation 
an invasion against Western Europe would not be necessary. Further- 
more British and American officials launch the news that at first no 
one has to count on such an invasion. In every respect this kind of 
report must be looked at as false information. The initial assembly 
of Anglo-American Army groups, leaving out the very strong billeting 
all over Great Britain just the same as in Northern England and Scot- 
land reveal tokens especially in Southern England. The American 
troops are stationed in the western part approximately up to the line 
Southampton-Oxford and the British troops in the eastern part. The 
aerial concentration as just mentioned above could be recognized to a 
wide extent and will be transmitted currently during the next days. 

Regarding the situation in Finland the German ambassador submitted a 
report dated 14 March according to which the resistance against the 
acceptance of the Russian conditions is noticeably growing in the 
Finnish population. 

-256- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
18 Mar. 19^ 



Conference on the Situation with the Commander in Chief. Navy: 
Army Situation: 

Strong enemy forces stepped at Bessarabian soil. The direction of 
thrust aims to Romania. It would hardly "be possible to close the 
approximately 150 km wide gap in the own front. 

The withdrawal of the 6th Army behind the Bug-River or in the "bridge- 
head of Nicolaev resp. is going on as planned. 

In the area of the Army Group North too heavy large scale "battles are 
kindled. However the enemy thrust against Riga was repulsed. 

In Italy the "battle of Cassino kindled for a new time. 

For the rest no particular reports and decisions. 



Special Items: 

I. In event that in case of attack a command organization in good 
practice concerning the Fuehrer's directive 51 roay exist already and 
enable the control of preparations by the Group North/Fleet in a 
sufficient manner, the assumption of the higher command by the Group 
North/Fleet is to come into action already now. 

The relevant directive of the Naval Staff was issued to the partners. 



II. With the Group South was agreed by phone that the Naval Staff 
would apply immediately at the German General attached to the High 
Command of the Romanian Armed Forces for the transfer which depends 
on the present situation of the naval contingent of 5*000 men and 
which the more is for the whole area especially for Constanta, Galatz, 
Braila. 

Settlement by the Organization and Mobilization Branch. 



III. The Army Group E informs the Operations Div. /Naval Staff info 
of its viewpoint to the judgment of the Group South concerning the 
situation of transportation (see War Diary 14 March). The Army Group 



-257- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
18 Mar. 19^+ 

particularly acknowledges the performances which were executed during 
the Last days under most difficult conditions and which eased the sup- 
ply-situations of Crete, Adequate interference is expected by the 
Group concerning the demands of foreign currency. Regarding the re- 
laxation of the harbor regulations of Piraeus the Army Group is await- 
ing the proposals of the Naval Group. After discussing some detailed 
questions on the improvement of transportation the judgment is con- 
cluded as follows: 

"Further most severe exertion of all means for improvement of the 
Islands-supplies and stocks is urgently needed and requested. At 
every time it must "be counted on newly increased enemy action prob- 
ably against minesweepers too. The Army Group must consider the 
supply situation very critical in the esse that for a longer time 
the daily ration of bread must be reduced to 300 grammes without 
having the possibility of compensation with other food." 

IV. The Quartermaster Division/Submarines ordered: 

1, "Begin with the repair of the Italian special service Sub- 
marines "M0R3NA," "3PAREDS," "GRCNGO" for the special operations 
detachment. At first the question of crews remains unsolved and must 
be settled later on. 

2. The repair of these three boats concerning to 1. needs a very 
long time. Regarding to this reason there must be examined if a Ger- 
man submarine of the type YII C could be reconditioned with additional 
special equipment for operations with the so-called "Schweine."* The 
reconditioning has to be made in such a way, that the special equip- 
ment can be removed, so that this boat only has to be put at disposal 
for occasional exercises or for operations under the command of the 
Commander Submarines Mediterranean. Additional dockyard time also can 
not be granted for reconditioning of this boat." 



V. The threatening of the south-Ukrainian coast, especially of Odessa 
confronts the sea transportation at the "Black Sea with a new situation. 

Up to 51^ of the tonnage consists of small vessels among them towed 
barges which for the most of time can only be used near the coast but 
not or even seldom in longer good weather periods across open sea 
routes. The share of the small vessels at the transport execution 
comes to approximately one third. In event of capturing Odessa the 
supply to Crimea would be reduced from 45.000 to about 30000 tons 
without taking into consideration probable losses. 



-258- CONFIDENTIAL 



J 



CONFIDENTIAL 
18 Mar. 19^ 

Additional demands upon the tonnage of sea transportation Danu.be- 
Transni stria owing to the breakdown of land communications in the 
South Ukraine would not be able to be carried out in event that the 
Crimea-supply should be maintained with that restricted tonnage. 
The performances of transportation for Crimea evacuation too in 
event of capturing Odessa and therewith the breakdown of the small 
vessel tonnage would at least drop to 25$ • 

The Commander in Chief, Navy, plans to report to the Fuehrer orally 
on this question on 21 March. 

Relevant telegram for information will be forwarded to the Armed Forces 
High Command/Operations Staff. Draught 1 SKL lb 833/44 GKdos Chefs. 
in War Diary Part C Volume XIV a. 



Situation 18 March 1944 
I. War in Foreign Waters: 
Nothing to report. 



II. Situation West Area:, 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group 13, at the 19th there were 44 planes detected on 
mission. Eleven British vessels in the rendez-vous area and one 
British merchantman and two Allied vessels were located in the rendez- 
vous area. 

According to Counter Intelligence report the following amount of 
shipping could be identified in the middle of March in Northern Eng- 
land and Scotland: 

Aberdeen - 50.000 

Dundee - 140.000 

Belfast - 240.000 

Clyde-Ports - 230.000 

Firth of Forth - 270.000 

Scapa Flow - 170.000 BET 

-259- CONFIDENTIAL 



18 Mar. 19^ 



CONFIDENTIAL 



According to this report the number of auxiliary aircraft carriers 
lying at Scapa Flow comes to eight ones too. Definitely was stated 
that no increasing number of landing craft was sighted. 



2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

One mine was swept each in the area of Brest, Lorient and La Pallice. 
Tbe Gironde River has to be closed from Pauillac to le Verdon owing 
to suspected ground mines. 

Three incoming and one leaving Submarine were escorted. 



(® 



Channel Area: 

Mines were sv/ept as follows: off Lezardrieux two, off St. Malo five. 
The battery "Salzwedel" reports the downing of one enemy fighter. 
One enemy fighter was shot down by the ship antiaircraft artillery of 
a dredger in Zeebruegge: During the night of 17 March the batteries 
Wissant and G-ris Nez shelled located enemy targets without recognition 
of the effect. 

At noon one French fishing smack was fired on from sea probably by 
artillery motor boat. 

The convoy "CHARLOTTE" entered Cherbourg. 



? 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters: 

North Sea: 

1. Enemy Situation: 

The crew of a Danish fishing smack entering Esbjerg reported the 
sighting of three British minesweepers with minesweeping gear and 
destroyer cover about 100 miles west of Jutland within the German 
Declared Area. The Commanding Admiral Defences North checks this 
report as during the night of 9 March one of our own minesweeping 
groups was at sea in the Declared Area. 



-260- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
18 Mar, 19^ 

2. Own Situation: 

Owing to rough sea the convoy and mines weeping duties off the Dutch 
coast were curtailed. In doing minesweeping the mineexploding ves- 
sel "27" was seriously damaged. Both,, two mines were swept north of 
Cuxhaven and north of Tershelling. Suspected minelaying was reported 
north of Borkum. Two harbor defense boats were attacked with gunfire 
by enemy planes without effect in the area of Ymuiden and Helder. 

The convoy 1231 Hook-Elbe is carried out. Two convoys of ^9.000 BRT 
were escorted in the Zealand Waters. 



Norway. Northern Waters : 

1, Enemy Situation: 

Twenty three planes were detected on missions over the northern North 
Sea and south-vest of Iceland. 

At 1230 and 1518 Invergordon transmitted the keyword "Rabbit." At 
1635 one British vessel was located in AF 8160. 

From 2329 to 020*4- on 19 March the Russian wireless telegraphic post 
Lazar Huk (in AC 8816) was in communication with two or three boats. 

At 0755 our own air reconnaissance sighted 170 miles north-west of 
Drontheim a small war vessel of about 400 BRT steering 180°. One 
FW "200" plane fired on this vessel. The fire was replied. 



2. Own Situation: 

At noon, one of our own patrol boats fired on enemy planes off Stad- 
landet. 

The battle brief report of the air raid against one of our own con- 
voys on 17 March see Radiogram 02^0. 

Following that our own patrol-vessels shot down three planes. 

The Commander in Chief, Air Force, Operations Staff was compelled to 
refuse the demands of the Admiral Northern Waters concerning the dis- 
position of fighter cover projected for Alten-Fiord. Owing to the 
known situation in the Reich defense which requires the most smooth 
concentrating of all forces, the Naval Staff informs the Group North/ 



-261- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
18 Mar. 19^ 

Fleet, the Naval Command Norway and the Admiral Northern Waters and 
the Commanding Admiral (Cruisers) with the advice that in the present 
embarrassing situation increased importance is due to the completion 
of all the other aerial defense precautions. A summary of the 
antiaircraft, smoke and net defense precautions already ordered was 
requested. 

Thirty-five northbound and 27 southbound ships were escorted. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 

1. Enemy Situation; 

According to Radio Monitoring as commonly known the Group- Commander 
of minesweepers and approximately 20 unknown war vessels were at sea 
in the Gulf of Finland. 



2, Own Situation; 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances 30 boats in the Baltic Sea, two mine- 
exploding vessels, 25 boats and four minesweeping planes were engaged 
in minesweeping. In the northern outlet of the Sound and in the Kiel- 
Bay both one combined mine was swept. One Danish fishing smack struck 
a mine in the northern outlet of the Sound. 

Convoys were carried out as planned. 

The Submarine U "286" was towed in to Stettin. On the Submarine 
IT "1013 " the I. Watchkeeper, the Senior Engineer Officer and 2k men 
were rescued. Evidently the rest of the crew drowned in the bow 
torpedo compartment. 

Of the naval forces projected for the Gulf of Finland AF "2," "5," 
"9" and "^9" started to proceed from Libau to Tallinn. The AF "30" 
started the passage from Memel to Libau. The Commander of the 1st 
Motor Minesweeper Flotilla and six boats entered Tallinn. 

The netlayer "1" laid J>6 lengths of ground line. 

During ITarva-patrol the minesweeper M "7" scored a bomb-hit. The 
boat has been underslung. Owing to ice drift which began with the 
refreshing of the wind, k-J mine detonations were recognized in the 
new barrages Seeigel 1 B and 2 B. 



-262- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
18 Mar. 19^ 

At 2300 on 17 March the minesweeper M n 3111 rt sunk after collision with 
P "26." 

Regarding the Army Situation the Admiral Baltic Countries reported a 
quiet day at the sector of Hungerburg. 

On 17 March the expected large scale enemy attack at the Narva-Front 
was repulsed with full success. One local penetration was cleared 
and blocked. 



V. Submarine Warfare: 

1# Enemy Situation: 

According to Radio Monitoring one Allied steamer was fired on by a 
submarine on the evening of 17 March in the waters off Colombo. 



2. Own Situation: 

The Radio-Monitoring repeatedly detected ASV-locations on our own 
U-boats which were revoked later on. This observation seems to infer 
that the Thetis operations have turned out well. For the rest no 
particular reports were submitted. 



VI. Aerial Warfare: 

West Area: 

During the day stronger penetrations were reported into the Belgium 
and northern French area. The airfield of Amy and one mask airfield 
were attacked. Numerous high- explosives were dropped near St. Pol. 

Ten planes penetrated from the South into the coastal area of Mar- 
seille without attacking. On the evening and during the night of 
the 18 March six airfields in the Dutch area were attacked with minor 
success. Presumably numerous enemy flights were used for dropping 
agents in Western France. Ten planes attacked the factory of high 
explosives in Bergerac which was set afire and was destroyed. 



-263- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
18 Mar. 19^ 

Reich Territory: 

In the noon hours a medium sized attack was carried out on Munich by 
strong bomber formations and fighter cover. Besides Friedrichshaven 
and three airfields were attacked. 

During the evening hours a very serious raid was carried out on 
Franc fort /Main by several hundred bombers. 

One formation penetrating into the Heligoland Bight presumably did 
mine laying. 



Mediterranean Theater: 

In the Italian Area on 17 March the enemy operated with 500 planes in 
the Front Area concentrating the forces on Cassino. More attacks 
were carried out by strong formations on trains and railroads in Cen- 
tral Italy. Serious damage was inflicted thereby. 

In the Aegean area the common reconnaissance operations were observed, 
On 18 March our own reconnaissance sighted a convoy of 25 steamers 
north-east of Mostaganem. In the afternoon one cruiser and two steam- 
ers were sailing between Bonifacio-Straits and Anzio heading east. 

The following convoys were reported: north of Marsa Matruk one east- 
bound convoy of three transports, 22 freighters, eight destroyers and 
escort vessels, north of Derna one westbound convoy of 2k steamers 
and between Bengasi and Malta one group of six transports, three 
freighters and three destroyers heading South-West. 



Eastern Area: 

On 17 March 618 enemy and 1083 own missions were counted at the east- 
ern front. With seven own losses Zh planes were shot down. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea: 

1. Area of the Naval Srouo West: 

Enemy Situation: 

At 1930 on 17 March one cruiser of the "TROMP"-class one Monitor, four 
transports thereof f one in the dock; 13 tankers, k2 freighters and 

-264- CONFIDENTIAL 



* 



CONFIDENTIAL 
18 Mar. 19^ 

eight destroyers, 18 corvettes, twelve Agate-boats, 18 tugs one cable 
ship and three oil lighters were lying in Gibraltar. In the area of 
Oran at forenoon our own air reconnaissance sighted one convoy of 
seven transports and 20 freighters with seven escort vessels with course 
30° and seven transports, five destroyers on 150° and one transport 
and two destroyers steering 90°. 

The convoy coming from the Atlantic on 17 March did not enter Gibral- 
tar but passed by to the East. 

According to an Intelligence report which is following up to an in- 
discretion of a higher ranking consulate official in Barcelona done 
in the beginning of March, an Allied attack is tc be carried out from 
Oran on the Balearic-Islands for which purpose the troops are concen- 
trated in Algiers and Mers el Kebir. Among these troops there are to 
exist 15»000 Red-Spaniards. The whole Army which is cyphered to 
150.000 men is commanded by the USA-General Patton. The Mediterranean 
Fleet is to be reinforced by USA-vessels and USA Admiral is to be 
subordinated to Seymour. 

Evidently the occupation of the Balearic-Islands would only be valued 
as part of a greater operation. 



Own Situation: 

Four steamers with 200 BRT were escorted off the Southern Coast. The 
steamer "SAUMUR" entered Sete coming from Port Vendres, 

The Chief of Maritime Branch achieved discussions with all concerning 
officials in Spain and Southern France on the subject of Eastern 
Spain Shipping and reports as results: 

1. The fruit-shipping with German ships may be suspended 
for the required quantities can be transported otherwise. 

2. In the shipments of ores from Sagunt 10.000 tons 
monthly or even more must at least be carried off. Thereoff 8,000 
tons could be shipped with Spanish ships from Barcelona in order to 
be fetched from there by German ships. The route from the pit to 
Hendaye will be prepared but, will not be finished until October. 
Therefore German ships for fetching the minimum of 2000 tons monthly 
from Sagunt are required. Execution will be co-ordinated with the 
Reich Commissioner of Maritime Shipping. 

The Group West reports, that it's request raised at the 3rd Air Force 
for strengthening the fighter cover and antiaircraft protection in the 



-265- CONFIDENTIAL 



COHPIDggriAL 
18 Mar. 19^ 

area of Toulon was refused with regard on the present situation of 
available forces* 



2, Area of the German Haval Command Italy: 

Enemy Situation: 

At 1846 our own air reconnaissance sighted a convoy of 25 merchantmen 
with two destroyers steering 70° 30 miles north-east of Arzea, 

In the morning "busy shipping was observed off the "beachhead. Accord- 
ing to sighting report of the army one squadron of warships consisting 
of one heavy cruiser, three light cruisers and three destroyers stood 
for ten miles south of Anzio and shelled the coast. Over-estimation 
of types may be possible. 

Second phase interpretation of nightly photograph of Naples on 11 
March revealed important stronger amount of merchant shipping than 
the rough interpretation. In total in port and on the roads were 
identified two light cruisers, two destroyers, two escort vessels, 
four small war vessels, two transports with altogether 16,800 BRT 
and 88 freighters with altogether 551.000 ERT. 



Own Situation: 

In the PT-boat attack on the naval ferry-barges-convoy during the 
night of 16 March off Kervi one blind of American origin from the 
production year 1915 vas safeguarded. 

At 03^2 on 18 March one of our own harbor defense boats was engaged 
with a small enemy PT-boat presumably an agents vessel west of Spezia. 

The operation of the Italian MAS-boat during the night of 17 March 
off the beachhead of Uettunia did not bring up any sightings. On her 
passage to the operational area the boat met two thought to be British 
PT-boats without coming into contact with them. 

Strong aerial survey of the western and eastern ports as well the 
supply routes is lasting on. In the attack on the afternoon of 

17 March one tug was set afire off Carrava, another was chased and 
run aground. The last shipyard being ready for operations was des- 
troyed in Yiareggio. In the new raid on Leghorn on the afternoon of 

18 March one steamer and one tanker-barge was sunk and one freight- 
barge was seriously damaged. Eighteen enemy fighters attacked one 



-266- C0KFIDEETIAL 



« 



$ 



J 



COffFIDF KriAL 
18 Mar. 1944 

coastal battery east of Venice without doing any harm. The demoli- 
tion of railroads and "bridges raises the importance of sea- 
transportation. The harbor of Talamone, which was seriously damaged 
by air raid on 13 March will be ready again for operation with the 
date of 18 March. The patrol and escort-duties were carried out as 
planned. 

During the night of 17 March the mining operation HE of Pesaro was 
carried out as planned. On the return passage one enemy PT-boat was 
sighted off Rimini. The minesweeping on our own barrage off Elba 
was continued without result • 

In CK 7441 the submarine U "453 M obtained a hit both on a freighter 
of 8.000 BRT and on two freighters of 5»000 BRT each. 



3« Area of the Naval Group Command South: 

a. Adriatic: 

On the morning of 17 March 62 enemy fighter bombers attacked a bat- 
tery and berths in Zara. One harbor defense boat was sunk. 

During the attack of four Spitfire planes on a harbor defense boat 
in the Bojena-mouth, the boat was set afire and sustained casualties. 

During the night of 17 March the PT-boats S "36" and S "61" operated 
in the area of the central Dalmatian Islands. They sunk a fast motor 
fishing smack north of Lagosta at 2218 on 17 March. 

At 2025 the torpedoboat TA "36" sunk after being hit by mine and tor- 
k pedo 15 miles SSW of Fiume. The boat put out from Trieste with 

torpedoboat TA "21, M one submarine chaser and one minelayer for mine- 
laying operation. Casualties were not yet reported. 

On inquiry of the Naval Staff the Naval Shore Commander Dalmatia 
reports details of the sinking of the coastal motor sailing ahip 
"BOTDINELLA" during the night of 10 March, which was captured and 
sunk by two British PT-boats off Corcula. According to statement of 
the escaped officer belonging to the regiment 750 one PT-boat equipped 
with a gun came alongside, transshipped the crew and some of the 
German soldiers being on board and went off by saying that the rest 
of the German soldiers would be fetched later on. After shoving off, 
however, the "RONDINELLA" was sunk by gunfire with the furloughers on 
board. Presumably, thereby were killed in action one officer and 
30 - 35 men. The crew and about 20 German soldiers were taken 
prisoner, 

-267- CONFIDTiNTIAL 



COHFIDSNTIa I 
18 Mar. 19^ 

In case this statement would prove correct it would "be concerned an 
exorbitant rupture of international law. The attitude of the British 
would be considered to be pure murder. Careful investigations are 
introduced for further pursuance if need be. 

For a new time the authorized Infantry Division reports in connection 
with this incident, that the supply of the isles on sea routes will 
get impossible in case that the Navy does not clean up the sea routes 
immediately by sufficient reconnaissance and patrol between the main- 
land and the isles. 



b. Aegean: 

One ground mine was swept off Syra. The convoy "AGATEE" entered 
Piraeus. 



c. Black Sea: 

Enemy Situation: 

According to air reconnaissance three small vessels and two ferry 
barges were lying in Skadovsk on 17 March. The reconnaissance on 
18 March gave no results. 



Cvn Situation: 

j 
During the air raid on Feodosiva on the afternoon of 17 March our 

own fighter shot down twelve planes and antiaircraft artillery another 

four ones. 

The air raid on Otshakov on the afternoon of 17 March carried out by 
eleven enemy planes did not inflict any damage. 

Owing to bad weather conditions the patrol line in Kerch-Straits was 
not occupied during the night of 17 March. At 2110 the patrol line 
reported gunfire by enemy battery at Kossa Tusla. The patrol posi- 
tion in the Dnjpr-Liman was occupied by three naval ferry barges. 

In carrying out the towed convoy during the night of 16 March the 
navigation between Nicclaev-Odessa was suspended. 

The Crimea convoys were carried out as planned. 

-268- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
18 Mar. 19^ 

After shipyards repair three PT-boats will transfer from Constanta to 
Ivanbaba . 



> 



VIII. Situation Eastern Asia: 

The Naval Attache Tokyo reports, that presumably Japanese submarine 
chasers sunk an enemy submarine at 0*1-23 North 9956 East on 16 Feb- 
ruary, Presumably this might be the enemy boat which sunk the 
"UIT 23." 

Enemy submarines are very busy in the Strait of Malacca, Now the 
Japanese defense is strengthened. Since 16 February presumably two 
more enemy submarines were battled on. 



-269- CONFIDENTIAL 



C0NFLP3NTLAL 
19 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

Items of Political Importance: 

Rumors appeared in the British Press promising a new meeting "between 
Churchill and Roosevelt. The commentators suggested that Stalin's 

arbitrary policy would require new discussions between the Anglo- 
Saxons. 



S-peclal Items: 

I. Concerning Hungary: 

On the occasion of his visit to the Fuehrer's Headquarters the Chief 
of the Armed Forces Operations Staff orally informed the Chief of 
Staff of Naval Staff that the transfer of G-erman troops to Hungary 
was -projected in order to back up a new Hungarian Government which 
for the next time shall steer a closer course towards our plans. It 
will be easily understood that this precaution will rise reactions to 
Romania. In event that it would be necessary to disarm or partially 
disarm respectively the Hungarian Armed Forces, the Naval Staff 
received the instruction to form a special purpose command in Linz 
for assumption of the Danube Flotilla. Moreover the Naval Staff is 
sending a Liaison Officer to the Work Staff Foertsch for special duty 
in Vienna (I opa 1st Lieutenant Jaeger) who will previously inform 
the Commanding General, Armed Forces South East in Belgrade on the 
precautions of the Navy. 

On 17 March the 1st Lieutenant Jaeger arrived at Belgrade. The Com- 
manding General Armed Forces South-Fast has been requested to invite 

the Chief of Staff of the Group South for personal information of the 
Group to Belgrade. 

On 17 March the Chief of Staff of the Group South was informed that 
nothing has to be arranged at his part. 

The special service command 111 in strength of 150 men under the com- 
mand of 1st Lieutenant Feist was sent off to Linz. The command was 
not informed on the tasks. The order will follow directly by the 
Operations Div. /Naval Staff. 

On 18 March the Group South was informed about this by Radiogram. 

At 0020 on 19 March the Armed Forces High Command/ Operations Staff 
Navy reports: 

"After longer negotiations with the Reichsregsnt Horthy an agreement 
was reached on discussion with the Fuehrer today. The German demands 



-270- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
19 Mar. 19^4 

Sunday 

were accepted. Complete new formation of the Hungarian Government is 
projected. The Hungarian proclamation is expected on the afternoon 
of 19 March. 

German troops will march in the morning of 19 March as planned. The 
Hungarian Armed Forces will not be disarmed and previously remain in 
its barracks. No occupation of the town of Budapest, there, only 
guard of honour for the Reichregent. Occupation in the area of Buda- 
pest and in some important industrial areas and traffic centers i3 
planned by the German Armed Forces. 

No big staging publication projected." 

The marching in was completed in the course of the day as planned. 
The special Command 111 will not but operate on request of the Com- 
manding General, Armed Forces South-East and for the next time 
according to directives of the Naval Staff. 

Relevant information of the Group South and of the Quartermaster 
Division which is harmonized with the Armed Forces High Command/Opera- 
tions Staff Navy runs as follows: 

"Resulting the yesterdays discussions with the Hungarian Reich-Regent, 
today the transfer of German troops to Hungary took place in order to 
back up the Government for the future which will steer closer course 
to our plans. Up to now all went on as planned. The special Command 
which was put at disposal by the Navy in Linz for this purpose will 
only but operate on request of the Commanding General, Armed Forces 
South-East at first according to directives of the Naval Staff." 

The Honved River Guard disposes of six patrol boats, three motor 
boats, two training-boats, four steamers suitable as transport and 
escorts vessels, altogether 15 vessels with in total 1891 tons. Port 
of destination Budapest. Personnel strength 96 officers and 1524 
rank and files. River barrage vessels are in Neusatz, Baja and Maria 
Theresianopel. 



II. Concerning the Crimea Q.uestion: 

The Naval Liaison Officer to the General Staff of the Army forwarded 
a note of an oral report which was delivered on 15 March by the Chief 
of Staff of Naval Staff. Copy as per 1 SXL 873/44 Chefs. GKdos in 
War Diary Part C Volume H7 a. 

At the Naval Staff the same circle of thoughts (Copy of summary on 
Crimea situation was written on 10 March by the Operations Div. /Naval 
Staff and was also put down in War Diary Part C Volume XIV.) resulted 
the examination of supply and evacuation possibilities and then to 
submit them to the Commander in Chief, Navy as records for his report 

-271- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
19 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

to the Fuehrer. On this occasion on 17 March the Commander in Chief, 
Navy ordered on to inform the Armed forces High Command immediately of 
these ranges of thoughts by telegram in order that in no case irrepar- 
able time would he wasted up till the report to the Fuehrer which was 
postponed to 21 March. Adequate P.adiogram see War Diary IS March 
especially Cypher V. 



III. ?rom wireless telegraphic traffic on 17 March "between the Ad- 
miral Black Sea op and the Commanding Admiral the planning of mine- 
laying in Dnieper-liman was 'understood. The small number of mines 
available constrains to block on the narrowest spot. 

Execution will but be carried out when the enemy will take in posses- 
sion the tfestern banks of Bug-River. 

Judgment of the Naval Staff is not required. 



IV. Concerning the escort of "KTBFER" the Croup 'Test receives the 
following directive: 

"The escort of the Japanese submarine n ZT7CFZ?. n by destroyers and tor- 
pedo boat3 did not turn out well. The striking character of such an 
escort attracts the enemy air force in a stronger manner and thus 
attains the contrary of the desired goal. 

But the value of such a boat and the political effect of her secure <^ 

escort are so important that particular precautions have to be made. 

The Group '-'est is instructed to examine and to send in proposals, 

lining out with which precautions an increased safeguarding could be 

reached in contrary to normal Submarine escort, without attracting 

the enemy air force by the striking character in particular manner." 



7. Concerning ''Tannest 

The Naval Staff confirms the General Staff of the army operational 
department liaison Officer of the Navy with copy to Naval Command 
Bast: 

1. that the required crews for batteries will be disposed at 
first by the Army Group North and relieved later on by naval crews. 

2. As the required n=val Artillery Detachments have to be taken 
from another area and yet it cannot be foreseen from which area the 



-272- CONIITENTIAI 



CONFIDENTIAL 
19 Mar, 19^ 

Sunday 

withdrawal of forces would "be bearable in the present situation, the 
disposal will take place in the case of need "by command ruling. 



VI. The Swiss information center ostensibly has found out the follow- 
ing informations of members of the USA committee of Europe to the 
State Department in Washington: 

"During the last weeks hopes of the members of the British War Cabinet 
for the end of war soon being at hand were essentially restrained dur- 
ing the last weeks by the experiences made in the Italian campaign and 
in the resumption of the German air raids. The opening of the Second 
Front seems to be set aside for incalculable times and dare not take 
place before further increasing of the air raids against Germany. 
British authorities do not expect German collapse by internal exhaus- 
tion. Together with constantly more noticeable enforcement of sup- 
porting persons in the British Cabinet who support milder conditions 
of peace goes the prospects of continuation of war. Since some time 
ago it is no more secret in informed circles in London that Washington 
wishes to convince the British Government that at least one should try 
to come in touch with Hitler-Germany in any way. There may be added 
that recently in military and economical circles the tendency revealed, 
to warn against depreciation of the Par-East warfare. One is some- 
what disturbed on the development in the United States too especially 
by the conflict between the congress and Roosevelt which recently 
came to a critical point and the extension of which is believed of 
being imminent to foreign policy by home circles. There must be 
counted on new attacks of the opposition against the land and lease 
support • 



VII. The survey of enemy informations detected by wireless decypher- 
ing and radio monitoring from 6-12 March 19^-4 are included in the 
observation-report No. 11/44. 



Situation 19 March 1944: 
I . War in Foreign Waters: 
Nothing to report. 



-273- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
19 Mar, 19^ 

Sunday 

II. Situation in the West Area: 

1. Enemy Situation! 

At the 15th Group there were twelve at the 19th Group there were 50 
planes detected on missions. Seven Allied vessels were located in 
the rendez-vous area. 

Prom reliable sources the Intelligence reports: 

The third large assembly of ships consisting of 550 - 600 000 BRT is 
distributed in ports of the Irish Sea, The first assembly formerly 
reported has further advanced to the South and lies now nearly alto- 
gether in the Bristol Channel, the second one in Northwest England 
and Scotland. The invasion tonnage of the first assembly is lying 
with about 200 000 BET in Carmarthen Bay and with 90.000 BRT in St. 
Brides. In Newport there are 55 and in Bristol ^5 - 50 LCT'e. 



Channel Area: 

During the night of 18 March the convoy "CHARLOTTE" was carried out 

from Cherbourg to Le Havre. 

In case of favorable weather, proceeding is planned during the night 
of 19 March from Le Havre to Dieppe and Boulogne. 

The following mines were swept: in the area of St. Malo one, off 
Nieuport one, off Gravelines two, west of Dunkerque 13, east of Dun- 
kerque two. 



*.v 



2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

Mines were swept as follows: in the area of Bayonne two in the area 
of St. Nazaire and Gironde one, in the area of Royan three. 

The convoy of the steamer "BROMBSRG" transferred from He de Croix to 

Brest. Proceeding to St. Morlaix is projected for the night of 

19 March. Pour torpedo boats and two destroyers are to form the rt- 

flank guard. 

One incoming Submarine was escorted. 



-27^+- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
19 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters: 

North Sea: 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At 0658 and 0808 the Commander of "boats unit was located in a distance 
of about 25 miles west or 35 miles respectively north of Zeebruegge. 



2. Own Situation: 

In doing minesweeping the mine exploding vessel H 27" was seriously 
damaged in AN 9555* The mine exploding vessel "163" struck a mine 
north-west of Cuxhaven and sank after many unsuccessful attempts of 
towing her off of the Elbe "1" light ship. 

Two mines were swept off Borkum and eight mines off Wangeroog. Fur- 
ther successes in minesweeping were reported off Hook of Holland and 
Ameland . 

In proceeding from Weser to Elbe the Finnish steamer "WIEPI" (1 227 
BET) was seriously damaged by mine ten miles northwest of Cuxhaven 
and was set aground. The fairway of the Elbe-River is partially 
blocked owing to suspected minelaying. 

The convoy 1233 Hook-Elbe was postponed to 24 hours. Two convoys of 
28500 BRT were escorted in the Zealand Waters. 



Norway. Northern Waters: 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 18th Group Command 20 planes were detected on missions. 

According to Radio Monitoring PT-boats were at sea in the Radio area 
of Lazar Huk. At 1935 one British vessel was located in 265° from 
Hammerfest. At 1535 one British Command post informed the Scapa 
Forces of the entering of one midget Submarine for the morning of 
20 March. At 0814 our own air reconnaissance sighted three steamers 
and eight coastal vessels off Jokonga and at 0755 one PT-boat too 
west of the Foldafiord. 



-275- CONFIDENTIAL 



C OOTID EST I AL 
19 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

2. Own Situation: 

Busy gunfire was reported from the area of Petsamo on the afternoon 
of 17 March. Two guns of- the Petsamo-battery received a direct hit 
and sustained casualties. On 18 March the penetration of enemy 
-olanes into the area of Xirkenes, Vardoe and Banak was very small. 

Twenty-four northbound and 28 southbound ships were escorted. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 

1. Enemy Situation: 

On 18 March at about 1600 one submarine was sighted in Narva mouth 
about three or four miles off the coast by members of the army. 
After having been fired on the boat submerged and emerged after 
about 15 minutes and came out of sight. The Admiral Baltic Countries 
supposes misobservation, presumably mistake with ice shelf. 

According to Radio Monitoring the war vessel PT-boat S "19" and six 
unknown vessels were at sea in the Gulf of Finland. 



v 



2. Own Situation: 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances 21 and in the Baltic Sea 14 boats were 
engaged in Mine sweeping. Both one mine was swept in the southern 
outlet of the Sound and the outlet of Kiel Bay. 

No special incidents were reported in convoy duties. 

The AS "2," "5," "9," "^9" and "30" transfer from Libau to Tallinn 
AE "31" from Gotenhafen to Memel. 

The netlayers "1" and "4" continued their task. One net was accom- 
plished up to 59^19 North. The groundline is lying uptil 59^8 North. 

Five boats of the 31st Minesweeping Flotilla were lying on aircraft 
reporting position off Tallinn during the night. Six boats formed 
the antiaircraft protection for the net-barrage squadron. 

At 1700 the destroyer Z "35" anchored at Paldiski roads. Z "25" 
transferred from Tallinn to Paldiski. In order to execute repair 
work for torpedo firing exercises the boat was detached to Goten- 
hafen and is lying there in twelve hours readiness. 

-276- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
19 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

The minesweeper M "7" which was attacked by about 30 aircraft on 
18 March was towed in to Tallinn. Three men were killed in action, 
nine were wounded. Two aircraft were shot down. 

Against our naval forces the enemy carried out many missions. The 
mine sweeper M "3122" was damaged by bomb hit in Kunda-Bay and was 
set aground. One enemy plane was shot down by antiaircraft artillery. 

Regarding the mainland situation the Admiral Baltic Countries reports, 
that all was quiet on the Narva-Front up to Gorodenka. In the western 
sack several strong enemy attacks were repulsed, local penetration was 
cleared. In the eastern sack hard fighting took place. The main line 
of defence remained in our own hand. In the Narva bridgehead enemy 
attacks near Webskuela and west of Lilienbach were repulsed. In the 
bridgehead and over Narva town strong enemy air forces were operating. 

The Naval Command East is planning to lay coastal mines type A bar- 
rages at the coast of Estonia for protection against Russian landing 
operation and has begun the planning in coordination with the army. 

For the first planning 6 - 8000 coastal mines type A are required. 

The Naval Staff principally agreed with this and will arrange further 
instructions concerning the delivery. The Naval Command East soon is 
to report the total number of coastal mines type A because this new 
requirement will increase the present planning of coastal mines type A 
production. 



V. Submarine Warfare 



1. Enemy Situation: 



Presumably the same steamer which was detected on 18 March reported 
regarding the Radio Monitoring to be torpedoed in the area of Colombo 
and then being persecuted by Submarine. 



2. Own Situation: 

Owing to defense the Submarine U "218" did not carry out the mine- 
laying task off Trinidad and tries for the next time to accomplish 
the task Santa Lucia in order to set about doing the Trinidad task 
for a new time. 



-277- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
19 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

The submarine U M 3H" shot a Fat-torpedo* on a steamer with three 
destroyers and is thinking to have sunk the steamer in AL 9775* 

No other reports of any importance submitted. 



VI. Aerial Warfare 

In the afternoon eight groups of many hundred bombers and two groups 
of fighters penetrated into the area of Belgium northern Prance and 
carried out a number of raids against railroads, construction sites, 
airfields and villages. In the morning there ten enemy penetrations 
and in the afternoon 20 enemy missions were reported without attacks. 
During the night of 19 March minor groups penetrated into Belgium and 
Western Prance without carrying out attacks. Obviously one group of 
30 planes was sent out for minelaying in the Gironde area. 

131 of our own bombers operated against Hull. Thereof f 103 reached 
the target nine planes were lost. 



Mediterranean Theater. 

On 18 March the enemy attacked with strong groups under fighter 
cover airfields in North Italy without inflicting particular damage. 
Minor groups were sent out to attack Leghorn, the marshalling gards 
[yards} of Orvieto and Polingo and the town area of Rome. 

Forty-six of our own bombers attacked from 1850 - 1925 an enemy con- 
voy in the area west of Bougie with air torpedoes and PK.* Jk of the 
planes arrived at the target. Three own planes were lost. Three 
steamers of altogether 22000 BRT were hit. 



«x 



Reich Territory: 

In noon several 100 bombers and fighters coming from the South pene- 
trated into the Reich and attacked Graz and Klagenfurt in two groups. 
In Klagenfurt the airfield repair shop was seriously damaged. Fif- 
teen planes were partially consumed by fire and partially damaged. 
Two barracks were hit in Graz the airfield was not hurt. Further 
details see situation of the day. 

During the night of 19 March the enemy carried out harassing mis- 
sions by isolated planes in the Reich territory. Isolated dropping 
of bombs was reported. 



-278- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
19 Mar. 3 944 

Sunday 

Eastern Area. 

On 18 March 1307 own and 425 enemy missions were counted on the Eastern 
Front. Three own and five enemy planes were lost. 

The 4th Air Force reconnoitred the Kerch straits by photograph. Al- 
together 141 of our own planes were sent out for reconnaissance at 
sea, submarine chasing and convoy escorts. On 18 March our own planes 
annihilated six boats and obtained direct hits on boats assemblies 
off the Pristan-Tsherrjum. During the night of 18 March 1? of our own 
planes were sent out to attack among other Ilitsh with bombs. 

No particular reports from the 5th Air Force. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. 

1. Area of the Naval Group Command West: 

Enemy Situation: 

At 0700 one of our own planes sighted one convoy of 15 ships in 
CH 8376 (off Algier). Course was not reported. Owing to Radio Moni- 
toring one England-Mediterranean bound convoy was sailing in the area 
of Cape Tenes at 0400. Following further reports of the air recon- 
naissance one convoy of 26 steamers was steering easterly course at 
1000 in CH 9447. At 2204 Algiers reported attack on convoy by our 
own planes and the report of starting of the British fighter cover. 



Own Situation: 
Nothing to report. 



2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy. 

Enemy Situation: 

Regarding the photographic reconnaissance of Algiers in the afternoon 
the following amount of ships was lying in port and on the roads: 
two cruisers, one auxiliary cruiser three escort vessels, two destroy- 
ers, five transports, 32 freighters, three tankers, one LSJ, 14 big 
and about 50 small landing craft. 

-279- CONFIDENTIAL 






CONFIDENTIAL 
19 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

The photographs of the ports of Oran and Algiers resulted that no 
essential preparation for landing operations could be recovered in 
these main bases of the Western Mediterranean. Therefore the intel- 
ligence report of large landing operations in the Western Mediter- 
ranean were doubtful. 

According to the identifications of the air reconnaissance the main 
concentration of the enemy assembly remained now as before in the 
central Mediterranean. 

During the night of 18 March about twelve or 17 ships in the area of 
the beachhead and at about midnight a convoy of about 15-20 ships 
coming from Naples and steering west, presumably new supply were ob- 
served. In the morning one transport, two steamers and eight large 
landing craft and 14 patrol vessels were only lying in the area of 
the beachhead. According to identifications made by photographs 
there 26 landing craft were lying in Tobruk. 

Own Situation: 

During the night of the 18 March two Italian assault boats operated 
off the beachhead. One boat sustained motor damage on her passage to 
the target. Since midnight the contact with both the boats was inter- 
rupted. 

Owing to collision of one boat with one passing patrol boat, motor 
minesweepers suspended the transfer passage for minelaying operation. 
On their way back the boats were engaged with two enemy PT -boats north-, 
west of Viareggio without sustaining any damages or breakdowns. On 
her further proceeding after the collision the patrol boat presumably 
was torpedoed by enemy PT-bcat. Further report did not yet come in. 

The Torpedoboat TA "20 H carried out her minelaying task, as planned 
and returned to Venice. 

The former Italian Monitor was towed from Genoa to Savona in order to 
be used as floating battery. 

At 03^2 one of our own convoys was attacked in low level flight east 
of Longnoe without effect. 

On 18 March 7655 tons in seven escorted and five self-protected con- 
voys were transported at the Italian West Coast. 



3. Area of the Naval Group South: 

-280- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
19 Mar. 19^4 

Sunday 

a. Adriatic: 

The main part of the crew of Torpedoboat TA "36" was rescued* Owing 
to suspected mines the operation was suspended. After having com- 
pleted their minesweeping in the area of the isles the motor mine- 
sweeper R "188," R "180" and "191" were raided with gunfire "by six 
enemy planes on the morning of 18 March off Dubrovnik without result- 
ing any effect. During the night of 18 March the "boats transferred 
to Cattaro and are to proceed during the night of 20 March. 

On the morning of 19 March one stronger enemy commando raid supported 
by air raids has taken place against Solta. The fate of the occupa- 
tion force in strength of one company is still unknown. 

In the early hours of the morning one own operation was started 
against the isle of Rah. 

The landing was completed. The operation accomplished at noon. 
Details are still lacking. 



b. Aegean. 

At about 2000 on 17 March two motor sailing ships laden with grain 
were captured by Greek partisans at Kythera and went off in direction 
to the Peloponesus. 

Five mines were swept by mine sweeping planes in Suda Bay. 

Between 0045-0130 one convoy consisting of one naval ferry barge, 
three Siebel ferries and one tug was attacked by enemy destroyers 
and PT-boats southwest of Pyrgos at the western side of the Pele- 
ponesus. The Siebel ferries were sunk, the naval ferry barge was 
seriously damaged and is now drifting. 

• 

At 0704 the convoy "G-ERTRUD" was attacked by submarine with four tor- 
pedo misfires off Cape Maleas. 



2. Black Sea: 

Enemy Situation; 
Photographic reconnaissance resulted: 
in Sina r 1a four landing craft and two other boats 



-281- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
19 Mar. 19^4 

Sunday 

in Kossa Tusla one coastal vessel, three pontoons, four tugs, 40 boats. 
Besides busy ferry-traffic was observed. 

in Jenikale nine landing craft, three tugs, five other boats* 

in Illitsh three gun boats, ten boats. 



Own Situation: 

No particular events were reported from the patrol line of the Dnepr - 
Lilian. During the night of 18 March the patrol line in Kerch straits 
was shelled by 17 cm battery from Xossa Tusla with about 45 salvoes 
but did not obtain any hit. After returning to home base, the enemy 
battery shelled the port of Kamysh Burun, there also without effect. 

During the morning and afternoon the towed convoy Odessa-Sevastopol 
was attacked by enemy planes with gunfire and bombs without effect. 

In the morning the naval ferry barge transport Odessa - Ak Metschet 
was attacked six times by altogether 49 planes. Presumably six at- 
tacking planes were shot down by ship Flak and fighter cover. The 
30 000 ton floating dock in Nicolaev has been blown up. Besides 
three floating cranes, the southern mole, buildings on the southern 
mole and the construction site South were destroyed. 

On 19 March the Crimea has been supplied with 8926 tons, 549 soldiers 
and 162 horses. 

The Admiral Black Sea ordered that in event of good weather conditions 
the naval ferry barges operating in transportation Odessa - Crimea 
have to be loaded with troops up to maximum capacity and to take on 
board sufficient rescue material. 



VIII. Situation Eastern Asia. 

Caroline Islands. 

The various Japanese bases on the Caroline Islands, especially Truk 
are attacked by the American Air Force in irregular intervals. Accord- 
ing to American report there was no fighter defense but very effective 
ground antiaircraft defense. 

-282- CONFIDENTIAL 



,->- 



CONFIDENTIAL 
19 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

Curile Islands. 

On 16 and 17 March the northern Curile Islands v/ere raided for a new 
time. 

Admiral ty- I sland s . 

American Forces landed on the Isle of Manus and captured an important 
air field. 

Bougainville.. 

According to Reuter information the Japanese offensive operation which 
"began on 8 March against the American "beachhead and which took the 
enemy two of three air fields now is broken down in meantime. No 
Japanese reports on the continuation of the offensive operation were 
submitted in meantime. 

Java -Sea. 

On 17 March American heavy "bombers attacked the Japanese "base Soura- 
"baya at Java and the air field Den Pazar at Bali-Island. 

Burma. 

The Headquarter of the Allied Forces in New-Delhi reports with special 
report that in the hack of the Japanese Front in the area of the Chin- 
mountains in Burma airborne troops occupied terrain and built an air 
field. In covering this operation the Japanese airfields lying in 
the vicinity were held down by current raids. The landing and the 
construction of the airfield happened to be completed without disturb- 
ance of the enemy. 



-283- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
20 Mar, 19^ 

Items of Political Importance 

Ho special reports submitted. 



Conference on the situation with Chief of .Staff of the Naval War Staff. 

I, Army Situation: 

The enemy "beachheads north of Nicopol had been compressed. Hard fight- 
ing is taking place in the area of the Army Group South, The enemy 
formed larger bridgeheads across the Dnjestr River in the area of 
Jampol, Hard fighting is taking place in the area of Kovel, There, 
own local attacks are going on. 

The losses of equipment at the 6th Army in the retreat to the Bug 
River turned out to be not as serious as originally expected according 
to information of the Naval Liaison Officer at the General Staff of 
the Army, According to the same information the advance of divisions 
which are getting free from the withdrawal of the 8th Army for counter- 
attacks on the left wing between Bug and Dnestr was delayed by muddy 
roads and obstructed transports. Approximately two Russian armored 
armies are standing in the gap at both sides of Jampol. 

The fighting at Mogilew - Podolski is particularly important because 
there the second accommodated passage across the Dnestr River is com- 
ing into consideration. 

The enemy attacks on the left wing of the 2nd Army are valued as pre- 
paration for the thrust into the deep flank of this army. 

Generally, nothing happened in the area of the Central Army Group. At 
the Army Group North too, all was comparatively quiet after the pleas- 
ing defense results of the last days. At Narva the enemy did not earn 
the results of his heavy efforts. 



II, The Chief of Naval Intelligence Div,/l&val War St aff gave informa- 
tion on the report of the Naval Attache Helsinki, Regarding to that 
the Foreign Minister informed the ambassador that informations have 
come in, saying that Moscow eventually would be disposed to negotia- 
tions. In connection with utterances of the Swedish Press this infor- 
mation may presume that the Russians may offer modification to the 
Finns in a similar inofficial manner as it took place in the mission 
of Paasekivi which under certain conditions could create a new situa- 
tion. According to Finnish utterances it would be desirable of the 
Press to postpone the withdrawal to the borders of 19^0 until 



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CONFIDENTIAL 
20 Mar. 19^ 

negotiations would be concluded, to search for otherwise compensation 
for HangB, to change the confinement of the German troops in isola- 
tion and to exclude the Esthonians and Ingrians, who fled to Finland 
from repatriation. 

III. The Quartermaster General reports of difficulties which arose 
between the Admiral Adriatic and the Commanding General Armed Forces 
in I stria, General Kflbler. The Chief of Staff of Naval Staff orders 
to inform the Armed Forces High Command Operations Staff by the Naval 
Liaison on the opinion of the Naval Staff with telegram. 



Special Items 

I. As to information of the Armed Forces High Command/Operations 
Staff /Navy things are developing as planned in Hungary at our four 
own fighting groups. The Fieldmarshal von Weichs and the Major 
General Foertsch arrived at Budapest. The population is peaceful, 
the attitude of the Hungarian Armed Forces partially is very obliging, 
Just as expected the formation of a new government is going to meet 
difficulties. The SS-leader Veesemeier was appointed commissioner 
of the Reich. 

The Chief of the Armed Forces High Command issued a directive con- 
cerning the transit to Hungary. Up to the moment the situation 
should be clear all transit traffic of headquarters and commission- 
aries of military and civil staffs should not be allowed. The bor- 
ders to Hungary are blocked. Copy of the draught 1 SKL 10771/^4 
Geheim in War Diary Part B, Volume V. 



II. In the Fuehrer's Headquarters the Fuehrer delivered an address 
to the Commanding Generals of the Vest Area and the Fortress Comman- 
ders which was to arrange a general survey on the situation and was 
to be of service for coordination to future defense struggles in 
West Area. 



III. The Shipping and Transport Branch doubted the embarkation 
figures of the Black Sea Tonnage which were transmitted by the 
Admiral Black Sea in December and which were used as records for 
planning. Most of all, the billeting of the steamers "AKDEAL" 
with 7000 and "ALBA-JULIA" with 7500 men was said to be too high. 
The Group South gets the instruction to check these numbers and 
confirm them immediately. 



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20 Mar. 19^4 



17. Concerning the operation "Tanne". 

1. The Armed Forces High Command/Operation Staff instructed the 
4l6th Infantry Division to examine the partial change to motor isa- 
tion "by requisition of motor cars and bicycles in mobilization style 
and to report the result to the Armed Forces High Command, 

The Naval Command East relevant was informed "by the Naval Staff. 

2, The Naval Command East reports, that the Commander of the 
4l6th Infantry Division applies for 170 naval gunners for reconnais- 
sance duties and provisional manning of the coastal "batteries in the 
first wave. Transportation facilities only are available on the 
steamer r, TJRUNDI. n According to the opinion of the Naval Command East 
the personnel must be made available in Norway and has to be ready 
for shipment in Danzig on D-Day-3, 

According to the Operation Division's viewpoint parts of the battery- 
crews of Scheveningen North may only come in question for this dis- 
position. The Quartermaster General will settle further arrangements. 



V. The Quartermaster Division directs that one may desist from the 
execution of changes in organization of the command of coasts and 
coastal forwarded areas which was transmitted on 11 February 1944 
in form of a study in so far as it concerns the West Area and par- 
tially the area of the Naval Command North. Concerning these areas 
the following is ordered: 

The Group West and the Naval Command North secure the joint command 
of the coasts and coastal forwarded areas in event of threatening 
landing operation ordered by the l&val Staff and report the precau- 
tions ordered by them for this case up to 1 April 44 to the High Com- 
mand Navy under particular consideration of communications and loca- 
tion service and the emergency headquarters projected for case of 
need. At the same time the regulation set up for the time of prepara- 
tion is to be made thus ascertaining the experiences with this organi- 
zation of command. 



VI. Following the report of the Group West and the Naval Command 
East the present stand of the coastal mine type A - actions will 
be as follows: 



vV 



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CONFIDENTIAL 
20 Mar. 19^ 

I. Naval Command North, 

1 # Danish West Coast . 

The only place of production Esbjerg will supply 150 pieces daily 
from 8 March. The laying of the coastal mines A will he made in the 
following succession: 

a. Trials harrage north of Blaavandshuk 

b. off Skallingen and Panoe (on "both sides of Esbjerg) 

c. off Kunda Dyh (south of Panoe) 

d. off Juhre Dyh (north of Eoem) 

e. north of Blaavandshuk 

2. Heligoland Bight 
Planning not yet concluded. 

3. Netherlands - West coast. 

On lb March 71 casting moulds were sent off from the home area. 
Production will start three days after arriving at: 

a. Den Helder with 15 

b. Ymuiden with 15 

c. Hook of Holland with 15 

d. Hellewoitsluis (10 miles south of Hook v. Holland) 
with eleven 

e. Vlissingen with 15 daily. 

The minelaying will begin after start of the production and enclu- 
sion of the total planning which just arrived at the Naval Command 
North; this will depend on the tonnage of the vessels available, the 
weather, tides, local conditions of transportation. 

Succession of planting: 

a. Plandern coast east of Zeebruegge 

b. western and northern coast of Walcheren Island 

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COEPIDEKTIAl 
20 Mar. 19^ 

c. western coast of Shouven Island 

d. western coast of G-oerree Island 

e, western coast of Been 

f, coast from Hook' of Holland to Den Helder. 

II. The C-roup Vest reports; 

Since arrival of the information from the successful results of the 
snag-line trials (17 March) the execution of the coastal mine type A- 
production was completely changed. Row the intention is, to lay all 
the coastal mines type A mostly from sea-side. Therefore, the utili- 
zation of mine carriers of greater capacity would "be possible and the 
transfer of production places from the open coast to ports would he 
necessary. 

k, Channel Coast. 

Production takes place at the following places: 

a. Dieppe from 4 April with 17, from 1C April with 60 

b. Le Havre from 30 April with 60 daily 

c. Boulogne after delivery of further casting moulds. 

The coastal mines type A should he planted equipped with the new 
snag-line in order to "bridge the rise and fall of the tide. The 
snag-line is smooth, without noticeable thickening. On trials with 
a German landing craft six hits were obtained in seven runs. 

The minelaying in Channel Area will come to a regular mlnelaying 
operation as it is restricted to the period of new-moon and suitable 
weather conditions. Beginning with the period of new moon in April. 

Mine carriers; Pour minesweepers type 35 for each operation 200 
coastal mines type A, later on additional motor minesweeper opera- 
tions are planned. Owing to lack of vessels further speeding up is 
impossible. Barrages in two rows and with 25 m spaces from mine to 
mine, 

5. Atlantic Coast: 

Production takes place at the following places; 

a. Brest from 1 April with 20 

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• 



CONFIDENTIAL 
20 Mar. 19^ 

b. Le Verdon from 10 April with 60 

c. Bayonne from 10 April with 33 from 20 April with 
60 daily. 

Instead of projected Blitz barrages (ground mines) the planting of 
mines with snag lines is planned from 15 April with four minesweepers 
Type 35 an< i 20 ° mines for each operation. In the "beginning of May 
the minelaying will start in Dounarneney-Bay (possibly Douarnenez] 
south of Brest with five naval landing craft instead of Blitz barrages 
which were planned there. 

Tbe withdrawal of eight modern minesweepers will he necessary during 
the time of this operation. Restriction in Submarine escorts, steam- 
er escorts and minesweeping will be necessary. 

6. French South Coast: 

Production takes place at the following places: 

a. Sete from 25 April with 60 daily 

b. Port Ventres) 

) after delivery of further casting moulds. 

c. Port de Bouc) 

Beginning of minelaying immediately after production by three or four 
naval ferry barges with 120-160 coastal mines type A per day. 

III. Naval Command Bast. 

7. Gulf of Finland. Esthonian coast: 

8000 coastal mines type A were applied for coastal protection by the 
Naval Command East. Preparation is going on. 

The Operations Staff Navy will be informed according to the fact in 
charge of the Commander in Chief, Navy. 



VII. On 17 March the German Naval Command Italy was advised by the 
Commanding General Armed Forces South West to the fact of six time 
destruction of railroad bridges and roads between Ancona and Bene- 
detto. Repair will only be possible with large amount of work in 
about four weeks. Therefore urgent increasing of sea transportation 
from Ancona to Benedetto was requested. The German Naval Command 
Italy reports that under present conditions increasing only will be 



-289- CONFIDENTIAL 



confidential 

20 Mar. 19^ 

reached with materials now available in case that naval landing craft 
could be "brought into action, which may also navigate in had weather 
and which may have larger capacity and defense power. The German 
Naval Command Italy repeats its apply for allocation of naval landing 
craft which are coming from the current program of new construction. 

Under these present circumstances the Naval Staff considers this apply 
a legitimate one. After checking the requirement of all other com- 
mands the Naval Staff decided to assign six vessels of the first naval 
landing craft which were to be transferred, to the G-erman Naval Com- 
mand Italy. 



VIII. Concerning the instruction of the Japanese on the Zaunkoenig* 
and Fatalist and the non-using of Radar location sets (compare with 
War Diary 12 March especially cypher III) the Operations Div/Naval 
Staff proposes the following information to the Japanese saying that 
some of the torpedoes of the Zaunkoenig* system are in operation at 
the front, but the trial-runs of them are not yet concluded. The 
Naval Attache would have to harmonize this version with the other 
commands involved. In regard to the Radar location set the following 
answer is nroposed on suggestion of the Chief of Naval Communications: 

"Multiplied informations of Japanese representatives has been made. 
The Radar location set is highly important however only without 
radiation. Therefore, Metox receiving set prohibited. Main concen- 
tration put on cm-waves, in 3-** cm and 9-12 cm range. There, crystal 
receiver set suitable and without radiation." 

Adequate assessment was sent to the Naval Attachl. 



IX. Concerning the invasion in Northern Europe the Armed Forces High 
Command/intelligence Division "daces a new report of an obviously very 
reliable agent dated 17 March who had longer discussions with competent 
and good informed politicians. Evidently the report is coming via 
Stockholm. The report is coincident with the reading predominating in 
Stockholm, saying that since the beginning of March the Anglo-American 
plans particularly concerning Northern Europe have been changed essen- 
tially by the interference of the Russians. Copy of the report as per 
10371/^ Geheim in War Diary Part B, Volume V. 

The main part in this report is that obviously Russia is observing 
with highest suspicion the Anglo-Saxon preparations on the Balkans and 
in North-England and Scotland as well as in Iceland and has risen a 
peremptory protest in the beginning of March to Washington and London 
against an operation in Northern Norway. In this connection 



-290- CONFIDENTIAL 



r 



CONFIDENTIAL 
20 Mar. 19^ 

the sending of a Russian ambassador to Iceland which was reported 
short time ago is winning particular importance. 



Situation 20 March 19^ 
I, War in Foreign Waters. 
Nothing to report. 



II. Situation West Area. 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group five, at the 19th Group 62 planes over the Bay of 
Biscay up to 11° West, at the Azores Squadron were two planes detec- 
ted on missions. 

Pour British vessels were located in the rendez-vous area. 

The photographic reconnaissance of the southwesterly tip of Cornwall 
peninsula resulted surprising low amount of small ships in Penzance, 
Newlyns and Salcombe, There only two LCT 250, 23 auxiliary landing 
craft, 22 "barges and several small "boats were observed. 



2, Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast. 

One mine was swept off the G-ironde. The blocking between Le Yerdon 
and Pauillac was released. On the contrary the approach of Bayonne 
was blocked owing to suspected minelaying. 

Three submarines were escorted outgoing. 



Channel Area 

During the night of 19 March one of our own convoys was shelled by 
British long range batteries off Blanc Nez, Our own batteries an- 
swered without observation of effect. Aboard the patrol boat "GROEBEN" 



-29I- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
20 Mar. 19^ 

ready use ammunition was set afire by splinter damage. Other batteries 
fired, on located enemy radar-fitted seaborne unit four miles south east 
of Dover, which went off on a northwesterly course. 

The convoy "CHARLOTTE" arrived at Dieppe the convoy "BROMBERG" arrived 
at Morlaix road3. 

In the afternoon the destroyers Z "23" and ZH "1" anchored at port Tudy 
roads, the torpedo boats T "2?," "29" anchored in Aubin-Bay and "Greif," 
"MOEYE" at St. Malo roads. 

During the night of 20 March one torpedo operation of the 5th and 9th 

PT-boat Flotillas is planned against eaatbound convoys in the area of 

Portlandbill. Moreover, proceeding of the convoys "CHARLOTTE" "HECHT" 

and "BROMBERG" to the East and transfer of the torpedoboats "27," "29," /*^ 

"GREIF," "MOEVE," "JAGUAR" and "KONDOR" to Le Havre is planned and 

has been started. 

In escorting the convoy "HECHT" the 18th patrol boat Flotilla was 
engaged with enemy PT-boat s in the area of Gris Nez at 2000. The 
enemy attack was repulsed by sudden burst of defense fire. Hits were 
obtained on all the enemy vessels. Presumably one PT-boat was sunk. 

The convoy "HECHT" (tanker "RECUM" 5 500 BRT) was shelled by British 
long range batteries with 120 salvoes between Gris Nez and Calais and 
was sunk owing to serious splinter damages. 



HI. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters. 

North Sea: 

On the mine exploding vessel "163" ^ men are missing. 

Owing to bad weather conditions the salvage of the Finnish steamer 
"WIRPI" is not possible. The crew was rescued. 

Owing to bad weather conditions the convoy 1233 Hook - Elbe was delayed 
for another 24 hours. 

Owing to stormy weather the escort, minesweeping and clearing duties 
were highly curtailed. 



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CONFIDENTIAL 
20 Mar. 19^ 

Norway, Northern Waters. 

1. Enemy Situation: 

In the morning twelve planes in the afternoon five planes were detected 
on mission at the 18th Group Command. 

Strong enemy reconnaissance aiming detecting of the FQ-convoy yielded 
not result. 



2. Own Situation: 

On the afternoon of 19th March four "boats of the 7th Motor Minesweeper 
Flotilla carried out a reconnaissance thrust in Pumanki-Bay with 
effect. 

On the 18th and 19th March there were "busy flights into the area of 
Vandtt and Petsamo. 

In the early hours of 20 March lively gunfire was reported from the 
area of Petsamo. 

Twenty-two northbound and 31 southbound ships were escorted. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 

1. Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 



2. Own Situation: 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances 17 boats and four minesweeping planes in 
the Baltic Sea 29 boats and four minesweeping rilanes were engaged in 
minesweeping. One ELM/A* [translator's note: type of British mine) 
was swept in the Southern outlet of the Sound. 

Convoys were carried out without particular incidents. The AF "2," 
"5," "9," and "49" arrived at Tallinn. 

The submarine sighting in Narva Bay reported with 20 March, confirmed 
to be mi8observation. 

Owing to weather conditions the patrol forces in the Narva-Bay had to 
seek shelter toward the coast. 



-293- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
20 Mar. 19^ 

The Commander Minesweepers East is planning to reinforce the Narva 
patrol by two Artillery ferry barges. 

According to information of the Torpedo Trials Command and the Chief 
of the Torpedo Branch torpedoes fired from KS and LS-boats* have an 
uncommonly deep initial dive. Therefore the use of torpedoes by KS- 
boats on Peipus Lake is impossible. 

Therefore the Naval Command East gets the directive to send out the 
fast KS-boats for patrol and reconnaissance duties on Lake Peipus. 
The very much lower speeded naval gun carriers are to be employed as 
powerful backbone of the flotillas. Previously the evacuation of 
torpedo equipment of the KS-boats will be ceased. But however pre- 
parations are to be going on in event that KS-boats should have to 
operate in other areas. 



V. Submarine Warfare. 
Nothing to report. 



VI. Aerial Warfare. 
West Area, 



•a 



During the day busy penetrations with approximately 550 bombers and 
fighters into Belgium and Northern Prance were reported. Minor at- 
tacks were carried out against airfields in the Netherlands and Bel- 
gium, one serious attack was carried out on the marshalling yard of 
Creil. There, 500-600 wagons loaded with Armed Forces and Civil 
goods were damaged. During the night approximately 75 enemy planes 
penetrated into the occupied West Area, 45 of them attacked the plant 
producing high explosives in Angouleme which partially was destroyed. 
Fifteen planes were detected in supplying agents in the area between 
Tours and le Creuzot. 



Reich Territory: 

During the afternoon hours the enemy carried out a medium-sized attack 
on Mannheim by several hundred bombers with fighter cover. At the 
same time, a smaller attack was directed against Ludwigshafen. Then, 
numerous bombs were dropped in the area of Frankfurt /Main - Offenbach 
however most of them fell in areas were nothing was built upon. In 



-29^- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
20 Mar. 19^ 

Offenbach only two factories were hit. Owing to had weather condi- 
tions only two enemy planes were shot down. During the night of 
20 March only isolated harassing planes were reported in the Rhenian 
Westfalian industrial area and in the area of Karlsruhe - Ulm - 
Muenchen which in single cases dropped homhs. 



Mediterranean Theater. 

On 19 March the enemy continued his attacks against our own airfields 
and traffic installations in the central Italian Area, Thereby he 
lost five planes, Busy enemy operations in supporting the guerilla 
bands were observed in Dalmatia and Croatia, The reconnaissance at 
the Adriatic coast and in the Aegean too was very busy. 

On 19 March 68 of our own planes operated in safeguarding the trans- 
portation in the area of the Dodecanesus, 



Eastern Area. 

On 19 March 1720 of our own and 650 enemy operations at the Eastern 
Front were counted, Tn suffering twelve own losses 68 enemy planes 
were shot down. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. 

1, Area of the Naval Group West. 

Enemy Situation: 

At 1230 Tres Forcas reports a battleship and three destroyers with 
course to the Mediterranean, 



Own Situation: 
Six vessels with 1500 BRT were escorted off the French South Coast. 



2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy: 



-295- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
20 Mar. 19^ 

Enemy Situation: 

No reports were submitted from the eastbound convoy which was reported 
north of Algiers on 19 March. 

At 0900 our own air reconnaissance identified off the "beachhead of 
Anzio nine LCT, two steamers four large landing craft, one cruiser, 
two destroyers and eight escort vessels at 1300 six LCT, seven steamers 
18 landing craft and one destroyer. 

Five small war vessels sailing north, one LCT and two coastal freight- 
ers were observed at the east coast of Sardinia up to Bonifacio 
Straits. 

According to photographic reconnaissance on 19 March six freighters if^ 

with 1^500 BRT, one small tanker and eight LCT's were lying in Ajaccio, 
in Calvi there were two PT-boats. 

Two PT-boats steering easterly course were reported in the Gulf of 
Cagliari. The German Naval Command Italy points towards striking 
concentration of PT-boats in the area of Corsica-Sardinia. 

At 0500 on 19 March a commando raid was tried "by 100 men Badoglio- 
Troops and De Gaulle- soldiers against the isle of Pianosa. The 
attack could "be repulsed. In six vessels the enemy went off in 
direction to Corsica. 

According to further air reconnaissance 19 steamers were sighted 80 
miles south of Tarent, and seven escorting vessels steering a souther- 
ly course and two submarines and one escort vessel steering westerly 
courses were sighted 90 miles south-east of Malta. 



r 



Own Situation: 

Two TA-boats laid the weather buoy north of Cape Corse as planned. 
During the night of 19 March one Italian assault boat ran aground 
south of Civitavecchia and is towed off. Owing to unfavorable 
weather conditions the Italian MAS boats suspended the transfer 
from Spezia to Stefano. 

In the enemy air raid on Porto Ferraio on 19 March two naval landing 
craft were damaged. 

The minesweeper M "7010" sank during the enemy air raid on Piombino 
on 20 March. Two tanker barges were damaged. During the air raid 
on Ercole heavy damage was inflicted on approach roads. 



-296- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
20 Mar, 19^ 

Altogether 7300 BRT were escorted at the Italian West coast on 
19 March. Owing to had weather conditions "barge-convoys were cur- 
tailed. 



3. Area of the Naval Group South; 

a. Adriatic: 

Enemy Situation: 

In the afternoon 15 "boats and three small war vessels were identified 
in Corsica and 25 "boats in Lissa. 

According to report of the 264th Infantry Division the isle of Solta 
was occupied "by strong British, American and Tito forces on 19 March. 
Our own company was exhausted after hard struggle and partially taken 
prisoner. 



Own Situation: 

During the night of 16 March the naval battery Prvic (north of Raab) 
shelled to two enemy boats* 

On 19 March the minelayer "RAMB III" temporarily ran aground off G-rado 
and then entered in Trieste. 

On 18 March one steamer was set afire with "bombs and gunfire and sunk 
"by enemy planes. On the evening of 19 March Mo nf ale one was attacked 
by enemy planes. However the damage in shipyards is of minor impor- 
tance. 



b. Aegean: 
Nothing to report. 

c. Black Sea 
Enemy Situation: 

Nothing to report. 



-297- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
20 Mar. 19^ 

Own Situation: 

The patrol line in the Dnepr-Liman pressed an unknown small vessel 
to the shore "but did not fire on the boat "because this was the own 
coast. During the night of 20 March, the patrol lines reported an 
enemy vessel twelve miles east of Otshakow. 

Nothing to report from the patrol-line Kerch-Straits, 

In Nicolaev the coal "bridge and 2/3 of the coal jetty was blown up. 

In the 2nd decade of March 2^618 tons of cargo, 2107 soldiers and ?29 
horses were transferred to Crimea, By that in total 40 000 tons were 
carried to Crimea in the first twenty days of March* 

According to report of the Admiral Black Sea the Commanding General 
of the Army High Command 17 neither did apply for the sabotage opera- 
tion nor has he planned it and judges the possibilities of success 
very limited. The Admiral Black Sea has the same viewpoint and does 
not intend to use precious PT-hoats for this task. 

By that the Naval Staff considers this matter as finished and informs 
the Armed Forces High Command/Intelligence Division accordingly. 



VIII. Situation Eastern Asia, 
Nothing to report. 



C 



-298- CONFIDENTIAL 



• 



CONFIDENTIAL 
21 Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Importance 

For a new time the Anglo-Saxons were asked for invasion by Prawda. 
At present suppositions to strike against Germany from the South and 
West would be the most favorable. The Germans could not stop the 
Russian advancing concentrations. However before capturing Lemberg 
and Odessa the Russian success would not be complete. 

In accentuating the desire for further negotiations for a new time 
the Finnish answer given on 17 March emphasizes the impossibility of 
accepting conditions in advance which may deeply cut into the life of 
the Finnish people. Evidently, the precise wording exerts itself on 
behalf of not cutting the thread completely. 

The reported intervention of the Xing of Sweden already has happened 
some time ago. Obviously this only dealt with forwarding of the 
King's own opinion which was in accordance with the Government's 
point of view to the Finnish Minister of Foreign Affairs by the Swed- 
ish ambassador, saying that it would be desirable when the contact 
which was taken up, would not be cut again and contained a request of 
the Swedish Minister of Foreign Affairs to announce this to the Fin- 
nish President of State Mannerheim and the Government. According to 
a report of the German ambassador in Stockholm the message of the 
King of Sweden to Mannerheim was also speaking of secret informations 
of possibly further Russian concessions. 

The Finnish Government published an official statement on the negotia- 
tions with the Soviet Union, wording according to German Press Agency 
in War Diary Part C Volume III. 



Conference on the situation with the Chief of Staff of Naval Staff. 

I. The Quartermaster General: 

Owing to stranding of a steamer the evacuation of the KS-boats* from 
Kiel projected for Lake-Peipus is postponed from 23. resp. 25 March 
to the beginning of April. 



II. The Chief of Naval Intelligence Dlv. /Naval Staff: 

The Foreign Press began to report on the German proceedings in Hungary, 
From German side no publications of this action has not yet been made. 



-299- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
21 Mar. 19^ 

With effect from 1 April 19^ a prohibited area was ordered in Great 
Britain which is comprehending a coastal strip of about ten miles 
depth from Wash up to Land's End. 

Moreover a smaller area in the Firth of Forth was "blocked. 

After having announced the striking special precautions for traffic 
restriction in Southern England the question arises whether the loud 
publication of these measures do not serve for deceiving purposes and 
represent a typical British "bluff. 

According to a report of the Foreign Office, Greece guerilla leaders 
made common course with German Armed Forces headquarters for fighting 
the communists, British agents too, who fight in this area are try- 
ing to enter this joint front. 



In a highly restricted circle, 

III, Army Situation: 

Situation is developing very critically at the Eastern Front in the 
area east of Lemberg. Tokens of enemy outflanking operation are 
revealing, Kovel is surrounded. Danger to Brest-Litovsk would have 
very serious consequences for the supply of the whole Central Army 
Group. 

Enemy concentration in the area of the Army Group North is lasting on. 

In Italy, the heavy fighting at Cassino is continuing. 



Special Items 

I, The Groups, the Naval Commands, the German Naval Command Italy and 
the Commander Submarines Mediterranean on 20 March were informed of 
the occupation of Hungary by the following Telegram: 

"Effecting the visit of the Hungarian Reich Commissioner Horthy to 
the Fuehrer on 18 March, German troops were transferred to Hungary 
from 19 March, By that, the Reich Commissioner and the new Government 
which will be formed and which will follow clearer course in German 
sense and also steer stronger inner political course as in the past 
is to be backed up. The former Government has already resigned, the 
new Government with Imredy as Prime Minister is developing. Up to 
now the action is going on as planned," 



-300- CONFIDENTIAL 



• 



CONFIDENTIAL 
21 Mar, 19^ 

II. The following directive was received "by the Commander (mine- 
sweeper) East with copy to T T aval Command East: 

"Without any reference to the Finnish intentions of "blocking the Fin- 
nish Skerry-waters north of the Se^igel barrages, own blocking of the 
Finnish Skerries and reinforcements of the northern part of the See- 
igel has to he planned and prepared without Finnish participation, in 
event that Finland may he compelled what is not expected at present, 
by development of the situation to go out of the war# Plannings and 
requirements of materiel are to be reported soon. 



The German Naval Command Italy reports that for the establishment of 
the Italian Coast Patrol Flotillas now 150 soldiers are at disposal 
forming the first group whose duties are planned on vessels with 
mixed German-Italian complements, after having experienced five weeks 
military training time on shore and that means with one flotilla in 
the Western Adriatic and two flotillas in the area of Genoa-Specia 
and Leghorn-Fiombino-St raits. 

The Naval Staff granted permission to this intention and points out 
that personnel trained ashore and at sea already is existing at the 
1st Italian Naval Division in Bordeaux and to which could be recoursed 
in direct accordance with the Group Command South in event of further 
requirements. 



Situation 21 March 19^4 

I* Warfare in Foreign Waters, 

1. Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 



2» Own Situation: 
The Naval Attache in Tokyo receives the following directive: 

1. "The "JUNKER," "LUEDDEN," "STRIEGLER," "SCHHEEWIND," and 
"PAHLS" are to speed up their routine dockyard times. 

2. Combat boats are to take over three plus one torpedo. 
Complete cargo according to the small number of torpedoes. 

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CONFIDENTIAL 
21 Mar. 19^ 

3. Just as in case of supplying "KIEFSR" the "JUNKER" agrees 
upon two supply meeting points and time with the master of the "BOGO- 
TA" the knowledge of which only is relied upon the two participated 
Commanding Officers and the master of the "BOGOTA." By that, all 
"broadcasting of place and time "by the, Naval Staff should he avoided. 
All "boats are to put out in such a manner that supply could he execu- 
ted within short time in the area scheduled. Camouflage the putting 
out of the "BOGOTA" as much as possible that no clue could he afforded 
to enemy agents. 

k. In event that meeting does not take place the "JUNKER" 
will transmit the new supply point in code "Tibet" according to refer- 
ing points of the "BOGOTA." Secure additional equipment with code 
records and referring points for all five "boats. 

5» After supplying the homeward hound boats, the supply of 
the "U-HERWARTZ" is projected. This would be in approximately 6 to 8 
weeks. Also, the "JUNKER" agrees upon two meeting points for the 
"HERWARTZ" with the "30G0TA." Personal transmitting to the HERWARTZ 
would be carried out later at sea. by one of the boats. 

6. For homeward bound boats delivering of 50 to 70 hk of fuel 
and provisions for three or four weeks is projected. The "HERWARTZ" 
needs full t>rovisions and 210 m3 of fuel. 



II. Situation West Area. 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group was one, at the 19th Group were ^6 planes detected 
on mission. Four British vessels were located in the rendez-vous 

area. 

2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic coast: 

Two outgoing submarines were escorted. The destroyers Z "23" and 
ZH "1" put out to the Gironde and will be detailed to Le Verdon for 
emergency help to submarines. 

On 20 March mines were swept as scheduled three mines west of Bayonne, 
one mine off the Gironde mouth and another two mines without further 
reliance to the spot. Bayonne blocking is released. 

In attacking the convoy of two dredgers enemy planes set afire one of 
these dredgers, one attacking plane was shot down by VP ^C'i-. 

-302- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
21 Mar. 19^ 

On 20 March one Fortress was shot down by naval antiaircraft artillery 
near Quimber [possibly tyiimpe^. 

Channel Area. 

Regarding the loss of the tanker "RECUM" the Group West reports, that 
the ship was really sift by splinters of the 120 enemy salvoes. The 
crew is rescued. 

The battle-brief report of the 18th Patrolboat Flotilla of the PT-boat 
engagement on 20 March from 2140-2155 see Radiogram 0555 • 

Supplementary to that, the Group West transmits the report of the 2nd 
Motor Minesweeper Flotilla on the sinking of the tanker "RECUM" and 
the rescue of the crew. Copy see Radiogram 0755« In escorting the 
convoy "BR0MBERG" the 10th Minesweeping Flotilla was engaged with 
enemy PT-boat s northeast of Lezardrieux and repulsed them. On 20 March 
at 1730 this convoy was attacked with bombs on Morlaix-roads by 16 
enemy fighter bombers without effect. At O83O the convoy weighed 
anchor on Lezardrieux roads. 

Continuation of the transfer to the east is projected on the evening 
of 21 March. 

Regarding the operation of the 5th and 9th PT-boat Flotilla against 
the east bound convoy between Portlandhill and Needles Point is repor- 
ted that it has estimated from enemy Radiograms that the WP-convoy 
must have brought to safety in Weymouth-Bay. Thus hiding all possi- 
bilities for attack, the operation was suspended. The Group West 
points out, that presumably the enemy was informed of the putting out 
of the PT-boat Flotillas by agents' broadcastings, because there is 
the striking , fact that just in same manner as in sending out of Flo- 
tillas during the night of 15 March the first PT-boat warnings and 
countermeasures already were ordered before the PT-boat had passed 
Quessant and before they were reported by the aircraft of the 19th 
Group. 

At both the days the adequate radiograms of the enemy were introduced 
by the word "Confidential." Details see Radiogram 10^0. 

During the night of 21 March the Group West reports the plan to exe- 
cute exercises with the 5th and 9th PT-boat Flotilla west of the 
Channel Islands. 

The convoy "CHARLOTTE" arrived at Boulogne as planned. Proceeding to 
the East is planned during the night of 21 March, 



-303- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
21 Mar. 1944 

During the night of 20 March the "boats of the 4th and 5th Torpedoboat 
Flotillas were transferred to Cherbourg, from where the execution of 
the minefield operations N 15 and 16 were projected during the night 
of 21 March, 



III. North Sea. Norway . Northern Waters, 

North Sea. 

1, Enemy Situation: 

The Naval Command ?7orth reports that the crew of a Danish fishing 
smack having returned from the fishing grounds reported on 17 March 
that they sighted three British minesweepers sweeping with gear and 
escorted by destroyers approximately in AN 6640, At 1849 on the same 
day Radio Monitoring located a British vessel in AN 644?. The Naval 
Command North begged the 3rd and 5th Air Force to pay particular 
attention to the continuous aerial survey of the waters up to 2° East 
between 54 and 57° North with the focal point over the German declared 
area. 



2. Own Situation; 

Owing to stormy weather and rough sea convoy duties were curtailed 
and minesweeping detained. 

The convoy 1233 Hook-Slbe put out from Hook at 1930. -^ 

(C 

55 &75 BRT were escorted in the Zealand Waters. Owing to bad weather 
the patrol boat positions were not occupied. 



1, Enemy Situation: 

Nineteen planes were in operation at the 18th Group, 

At 1144 the Russian reconnaissance reported nine minesweepers off 
Xiberg. 

According to Radio Monitoring Radiogram records are revealing in clear 
that during the last time a strikingly high number of USA-war 

-304- CONFIDENTIAL 



• 



• 



CONFIDENTIAL 
21 Mar. 19^ 

correspondents from North Africa or the USA-home area resp. have 
transferred to North Ireland. 

2. Own Situation: 

On the evening of 19 March and on 20 March "busy enemy flights were 
observed in the area of the Polar coast. 

On the evening of 19 March the Radar-hat tery Kiberg located several 
targets in south-westerly direction, presumably PT-boats. On the 
morning of 21 March three anchored, well conserved Russian horne- 
mines were found off the port entrance of Vadsoe by harbor defense- 
boats which presumably were laid by PT-boats on 19 March. The grid 
square AC 6^76 was blocked owing to suspected minelaying. 

At 0832 the northbound convoy was approached by a Mosquito off Stad- 
landet which turned away after having been fired on. 

Twenty nine northbound and 35 southbound ships were escorted. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 

1. Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 



2. Own Situation: 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances 29 boats, in the Baltic Sea 13 boats and 
three mine exploding vessels were engaged in minesweeping. Two mines 
were swept in the Sound and one in the Kiel Bay. 

Convoys of transportation were carried out as planned. 

Owing to bad weather conditions the convoy destroyer Z "36" with one 
hospital ship, one transport and one tanker called at Sassnitz. Owing 
to the same reason the netlayer and nettender returned to Kiel. 

The minesweeper M "3122" was towed to Tallinn. During the night of 
20 March the "TOGO" operated with "NETTELBECK." 

The Narva-Bay was guarded by four minesweepers, three patrolboats, 
four armed fishing vessels and two artillery ferry barges. The artil- 
lery ferry barges repulsed enemy air raids. Net working was continued 
as planned, 

-305- COHFIDENTIAL 



21 Mar. 1944 

The area of Tyeters [?] is free of ice. On the lake Peipus and Pskov 
a closed ice cover was reported on 19 March hut with increased num- 
her of cracks. 

On the mainland front our own coastal "batteries are suffering enemy 
gunfire and low level attacks. The own battery at Marekue3,a directed 
its harassing fire towards the enemy pen constructions and concentra- 
tion at Magerburg. 



V, Submarine Warfare. 

Prom the Indian Ocean the submarine U "165" declared her arrival with 
the crew of "BRAKE" at 3atavia for 24 March. 

With 19 March the Submarine U "183" reports one quadruple spread sal- 
voe fired by enemy submarine from LP 4277 which was out manoeuvred. 

In the Northern Atlantic in grid square 3E 3591 the submarine U "413" 
sighted a convoy of five steamers heading "'. r est. 

The attacking areas of the Group PltEUSSUT had been extended to 100 
miles thus avoiding stationed disposition. Up to now already six 
boats again were lost in the Atlantic during this month. One is 
anxious about further four boats. 



VI. Aerial Warfare. 

West Area. 

During the day strong groups with fighter cover penetrated into the 
Belgian Northern Prench area. Watten was attacked without effect. 
Gunfire raids were carried out on various airfields. Thereby one 
Ju 52, one He 117, two PW 200 and two FW 190 were lost, 

Minelaying was reported from Western Prance in the coastal waters of 
St. Brieux by 15 planes and in the area of the Gironde mouth by ten 
planes, 

144 of our own bombers were sent out to London, 123 of them reached 
their target. Good effect was observed in the ordered target area. 
Mne -olanes were lost. 



-306- COCTIDP^TIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
21 Mar. 19^4 

Reich Territory; 

During the day only isolated penetrations into Northern and Western 
Germany were reported. During the evening hours about 30-40 planes 
were over the Rhenian Westfalian industrial area and dropped some 
"bombs. Isolated planes penetrated into Northern Germany to the East 
up to the area south of Rostock-Neustrelitz. 



Mediterranean Theater. 

On 20 March only moderate air reconnaissance was reported in the 
Aegean in the Otranto Straits and in the Adriatic. In the Italian 
area antiaircraft "batteries near Civitavecchia and the harbor of 
Porto Ercole and St. Stefano were attacked. Further attacks were 
directed against railroad targets near Temi and Ovieto. During this 
attack three attacking planes were shot down by fighters. A station 
south of Firence was raided by an unknown number of planes and 
destroyed it. 420 enemy planes operated in the front area and 
attacked own positions and traffic targets in the area of Rome. One 
Spitfire was shot down by our own fighters. 

Owing to ground attack planes operations in the front area, three 
FW 190' s were lost. 

No reports in our own operations. 



Eastern Area. 

1146 own and 400 enemy missions were counted on the Eastern Front. 
Seven of our own and 25 enemy planes were lost. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. 

1* Area of the Naval Group West. 

Enemy Situation: 

At 0915 a convoy consisting of 51 freighters, nine tankers, one auxil- 
iary cruiser with seven corvettes passed Europa Point with course to 
the Mediterranean. 

At 1145 Cape Spartel reported seven one-stake-destroyers with course 
to the Atlantic. 

-307- CONFIDENTIAL 



COSFIDEHTIAL 
21 Mar. 19^ 



Own Situation: 

Four vessels with 1200 BRT were escorted off the French South coast, 

2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy. 

Enemy Situation: 

Ho further reports arrived of the "battleship escorted with three 
destroyers which was reported on 20 March north of Cape Tres Forcas 
heading East. 

Since 14 March, one convoy group forming up at 1500 and going off was 
observed south of Anzio. 

On the afternoon of 20 March and in the. morning of 21 March three 
resp. six minesweepers were reported in the area of Anzio. 

According to Army report there were south of Anzio at 1600 one cruiser 
and two PT-boats heading South and five destroyers, seven escort ves- 
sels and 15 landing craft also heading South, were sailing Southerly 
course at l600. 

"The increased strengthening of patrols which was observed during the 
last days was traced back by the German ITaval Command Italy to the 
trouble caused by the operations of the Italian MAS and assault boats. 

From 2210-2245 on 20 March two destroyers shelled our own battery in 
the area of St. Giorgio without effect. The fire was replied. The 
destroyers showed off burning. 

Strong aerial survey of the western and eastern Italian ports is last- 
ing on. 

According to Radio Monitoring one ship transmitted SOS-report at 0800 
about oO miles east of Cape Bon. 



Own Situation: 

On 20 March one schooner was sunk, one ferry was damaged. The further 
execution of unloading in St. Stefano in spite of strongest air raids 
was particularly acknowledged by the German Haval Command Italy. 



-308- CONFIDENTIAL 



♦ 



CONFIDENTIAL 
21 Mar. 19^ 

The operation of the MAS-boats off the Beachhead on 19 March was sus- 
pended, owing to had weather conditions. Returning to home base the 
boat was chased and fired on by enemy motor gun boats. 

During the night of 20 March minesweeping on the own barrages was 
ineffective. 

The submarine IT "969" occupied the area off Algiers as operation area. 



3. Area of the Naval Group South. 

a. Adriatic: 

Enemy Situation: 

In the bay of Solta air reconnaissance sighted four great and five 
small boats, two motor boats in Jelsa-Bay on Hvar. 



Own Situation: 

In surveying the waters of Raab during the night of 20 March the sub- 
marine chaser l, 205" sighted nothing. During the night of 20 March 
the torpedoboat TA B 21 n left Pola for patrolling the area between 
Raab and Zara. Owing to engine trouble the PT-boat S "61" is not 
ready for war. 

The Sea Defense Commandant of South Dalmatia reported to the Admiral 
Adriatic that forced reconnaissance of Solta with 300 men is planned 
for the night of 21 March. The transfer of the troops will be carried 
out by four Z-boats and Brandenburg boats. Support of PT-boats is re- 
quested for the area south of Isvenio - Solta from 2200. Returning of 
troops is projected after 2k hours. 



b. Aegean. 

The only naval ferry barge which remained of the group which was 
attacked during the night of 18 March by enemy destroyers and PT-boats 
off Navarino could not be brought in up to now. Enemy air raids were 
carried out against this vessel. 

At 05^5 on 20 March one motor sailing ship was sunk by enemy submarine 
30 miles north-northwest of Rethymoon. The crew was rescued by coastal 
vessel. 

At 0435 on 21 March one coast-protecting boat was attacked by two tor- 
pedo misfires of a submarine off the Mudros-Bay. 



-309- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
21 Mar. 19^ 

One enemy plane was shot down oyer Kypariasia in the afternoon. On 
the afternoon of 20 March one coastal patrol boat was shelled by 
7 t 5 cm on 4 cm guns in execution of mopping-up operations on Pelion- 
peninsula. The fire was replied with good effect. 

On 21 March the coastal protecting "boat GA tt 57 n ran aground north of 
Cape Promiri. The crew was taken from board. Owing to mine detona- 
tion another coastal protecting vessel GA "93" sank while executing 
minesweeping duties. The crew is rescued completely. 

Owing to bad weather conditions escort duties were postponed. Up to 
now six E-mines* were blown up at Syra. Another mine was swept. The 
harbor could be released for small shipping. 



c. Black Sea. 

Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 



c 



Own Situation: 

Enemy vessels, presumably motor gun boats which were sighted on the 
evening of 20 March at the Dnepr-Liman could not be brought to a stand 
by our own naval ferry barges owing to bad sight and high speed. 

The tug which stranded at Kinburn on 19 March was sighted sailing to 
the East, presumably she was salvaged by the enemy. At 1956 three 
naval landing craft in the patrol lines of Dnepr-Liman were shelled 
by enemy batteries. The naval landing craft of the patrol line of 
Kerch-Straits remained without contact with the enemy during the 
night of 20 March. 

On the evening of 20 March Kamisch Burun was shelled by a 12 cm bat- 
tery on Cape Tassla. No break downs. Since two days the aerial rail- 
way across Kerch-Straits is out of action. 

Three PT-boats transferred from Balaklawa to Ivanbaba. 

VIII. Situation Eastern Asia. 

Nothing to report. 



-310- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
22 Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Importance 

No particular reports. 



The Commander in Chief, Navy returned from the Fuehrer's Headquarters. 
Copy of the discussions contains the writing 1 SKL 933/^ GKdos in War 
Diary Part C Book VII. 



Conference on the situation with the Commander in Chief. Navy at 1800. 

The Commander in Chief, Navy explains several decisions which had "been 
made at the Fuehrer's discussion. 

For the rest no particular reports and decisions. 



Special Items 

I. Regarding the Army situation the Armed Forces Operations Staff 
Navy is reporting: 

"Eastern Situation" 

Army Group A: Further enclosing of enemy "bridgeheads north of Nicolaev. 
Army Group South: The strong enemy pressure at the 1st and 4th Tank 
Army is lasting on. Further accentuation of the situation. 

Italy: 

Further tokens indicate, stronger enemy attacks as imminent. 

II. Concerning Hungary the information runs as follows: 

Movements going on as planned. The attitude of the Hungarian Armed 
Forces is still much obliging, the population is friendly, numerous 
racial German applied voluntarily for the German Armed Forces. Dif- 
ficulties in forming the new Government had not yet been overcome. 
The Fuehrer is "bent on maintaining the demands. Our own forces would 
he strong enough to enforce the development in our senses. 



-311- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
22 Mar. 19^ 

III. On 13 March the Commander in Chief, Air Force Inspector of air- 
craft mines forwarded the following report of an agent: 

In accordance with informations which obviously are deriving from the 
occupied zone was to have "been stated that from the month of November 
of the past year the Germans should have "begun laying closed mine- 
fields and new "belts of magnetic mines in order to prevent large 
scale attacks of surface forces. Accprding to orders of the Royal 
Navy and in accordance with the Headquarters of the Combined Opera- 
tions and the Americans further inquiries were made at the Coastal 
Commands for stating how many devices they would have available in 
order to execute sweeping missions in combined operations. By reason 
of that answer power current arcs were immediately built in Weelington- 
aircraft. Three wings were detailed to the Combined Operation and sub- 
ordinated to this area of command. 

Thereupon the Operations Div/Naval Staff has informed the Chief of the 
Underwater Obstacles Branch with copy to the Croup Vest and gave the 
directives to examine the question of firing devices of mines which 
were projected for alarm minefields in the West Area. In order to ob- 
tain either the losses of the mine sweeping planes by firing the mines 
with the primitive magnetic firing device or at the other hand to pre- 
serve the efficiency of the barrages against landing fleets the mixing 
of fuse devices would be necessary in proportion to 2/3 M l t * 1/3 MA 2- 
firing* and exchange of firing devices on mines already stockpiled in 
the West Area according to production of the MA-2* devices. 

IV. Concerning the Baltic Area the Commander in Chief Luftwaffe/ 
Operations Staff directed by reason of the informations on the 
situation: 

The reinforcement of the 5th Minesweeping Croup demanded by the Opera- 
tions Div. /Naval Staff has to be carried out by the inspector of air- 
craft mine in recourse to the group reserves in such a manner that the 
5th Minesweeping Group could solve the tasks which would appear in its 
area. If need be, the reserve training group would also be called 
transitory for minesweeping duties in the Baltic Sea in the area of the 
Commanding Admiral Defences "5ast. 

V. Concerning "Tanne" and "Tanne 1" the Commander in Chief, Air Force 
reported the Air Force remittances to the Armed Forces High Command/ 
Operations Staff. Information of the Naval Staff has been made by the 
Armed Forces Operations Staff Navy. Copy as per 1 SKL I op 890/^4 
GXdos Chefsache in War Diary Part C Volume III. 

VI. On 17 March the Groups, the Naval Commands and the German Naval 
Command Italy received the following directives concerning the destruc- 
tion of ships of occupied Allied, neutral states in event of landing 
operations: 

-312- CONFIDENTIAL 



r 



f 



COHFIDHrriAL 
22 Mar. 19^ 

"So far as merchantmen could be removed no more from threatened ports 
in event of landing operations, practice as follows: 

1. Destroy ships of occupied and Allied States, 

2. Do not destroy ships of the Red Cross and other ships charged 
with humanitarian tasks (euch as Swedish grain ships in Greece). 

3. Do not destroy ships of neutral states to which the navigation 
was also allowed by the enemy (Swiss ships and ships which are running 
in Swiss charter, Spanish ships in fruit shipping for Sweden and 
Switzerland in ports of the French South coast). 

^. Destroy neutral ships, which are running for German interest 
(Spanish ships in fruit -shipping or ore-shipping for Germany at the 
French South coast, Spanish ships in ore-shipping in Bayonne, Swedish 
ships in ports of the North Sea and Baltic Sea). 

Take care in acting as per cypher ^. that ships only have to he des- 
troyed in event of imminent danger to the harbor concerned and before 
it has to be tried to remove the ships from the threatened harbor in 
case of need with German crews. In case of annihilation, the ships 
have to be used in the best way for blocking the harbor or the fairway 
in order to give reasons for sinking as military necessity to the neu- 
tral states. 

Supplement: Further regulations will follow as to treatment of the 
crews. 

This directive was sent for information to the Foreign Office with 
the following remark: 

Following to that, the destruction of neutral ships only can be done 
under conditions which were named in telegram there. As to military 
reasons, however, it does not seem possible to meet the fact of your 
suggestion renouncing the sinking of neutral ships. It must be coun- 
ted on that neutral ships which operate in German interest would be 
immediately taken over by the enemy and at the least partially they 
would be confiscated by the enemy as prize and by that would finally 
be lost for the neutral state. As to military matters, it does not 
seem capable of being supported that these ships might be captured 
by the enemy. 

VII. The Naval Staff took its viewpoint on the question of operating 
with the battleship M CAVODR B which was suggested some time ago as 
follows: 

1. Her use as floating battery does mean a large requirement of 
precious personnel with only restricted efficiency. Want of personnel 



-313- CONFIDENTIAL 



-,,. 



:::riDzirriAi 

22 Mar. 1944 

in details: seamen and other "branches 2C officers, 619 other ranks, 
altogether 2 1 - officers, 809 other ranks - 333 sen. ^he high number 
of technical personnel comes from the own supply and damage control 
necessary to the ship. Beyond that, making the ship ready for war 
would require essential shipyard capacity on personnel and materiel. 

2. If the CAVCUB would he set aground the personnel projected 
for nautical management and damage control would he reduced to a 
certain part, But requirement of personnel for own supply would re- 
main to full extent. In this case there may he added, that a favor- 
able place of operation would highly rely on the depth of water. 

3. In "both the cases precious personnel would be withheld at a 
place, which according to the general situation does not range to 
this priority. The manning only would be possible in taking up gaps 
at other places, i.e. at the Croup West. 

4. In using the heavy artillery on shore the following amount of 
time would be needed: removal of turrets approximately four months, 
erection ashore approximately nine months. "For that very big forti- 
fications, rock blastings, pits and very large amount of concrete 
would be necessary. 

Therefore according to the -laval Staff s opinion the removal of the 
guns and the erection ashore does not likewise come into question 
considering the large temporal and material expenses, all the more 
since the disposition of personnel remains likewise fully uncertain 

in the present insufficient allocations. 

Already this was decided on 6 Jan, 194^. 

As desired the Armed Forces High Command /Operations Staff ZTavy was 
informed correspondingly on 13 March. 

VIII. With 21 January 1944 the Commanding Admiral of the C-roup 
West forwarded a memoir on armoured PT-boats. Copy as per 1 SZL 
256/44 G-Zdos Chefs, in War Diary Part B Volume V. 

At first the possibility of technical execution and the proposals 
of the Commanding Admiral, C-roup West and of the Commander (S-boats) 
would be examined at the Quartermaster Division. 



Situation 22 March 1944 
I. War in Foreign Waters. 



-314- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
22 Mar. 19^ 

Nothing to report. 



II. Situation West Area. 

Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group seven, at the 19th Group 36 at the Azores Squadron 
two planes were detected on mission. Eight British vessels were lo- 
cated in the rendez-vous area. 

Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast 

One mine was swept off La Pallice. Three mine detonations were ob- 
served in the area of Brest. One Submarine was escorted entering the 
harbor. 

Channel Area 

One mine was swept off Lezardrieux. From 2125 to 2207 the convoy 
"CHARLOTTE" was shelled by long range batteries between Boulogne and 
Calais partially with straddling salvoes and slightly damaged by 
splinters, but did not become waterlogged. As to suspended minesweep- 
ing the transfer only was carried out up to Calais. 

Proceeding is pretended during the night of 22 March. 

The convoy steamer "BROMBERG" transferred from Lezardrieux to St. 
Aubin-Bay. Proceeding to Jersey-Cherbourg is planned during the night 
of 22 March. 

In checking the waters nine miles northwest of St. Valerie en Caux at 
2255 on 22 March the ^th and 8th Motorminesweeper Flotilla with six 
boats met enemy PT-boats which shoved off after having been fired on. 
Battle brief report see Radiogram 1050. 

On the evening of 21 March the *Hh and 5th Torpedo-boat Flotillas 
with six boats carried out both the minefield tasks and supplied 
mines in Le Havre in between. During the time of operation the 5th 
and 9th PT-boat Flotillas were at sea off Cherbourg. During the 
night of 22 March torpedo operation of the 5th and 9th PT-boat Flo- 
tilla against the GW-Convoy is projected and already begun. At 2200 
the flotillas suspended the operation owing to deterioration of 
sightings. 



-315- CONFIDENTIAL 



C0NFID5KTIAL 
22 Mar. 19^4 

III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters. 

North Sea 

Escort, mines weeping and clearing duties partially were curtailed 
owing to rough sea. Mines were swept as scheduled: north of Lan- 
geoog one, north of Wangeoog seven, north of Roter Sand four. 

On 22 March the J2 Mines weeping Flotilla shot dov;n two enemy planes 
and damaged another three. 

The convoy 1233 Hook-Elbe entered with six steamers. 

Four convoys with approximately 62 000 BR? were carried through in 
the Zuider Sea and the Zealand Waters. 



Morway. Northern Waters 

ffnemy Situation: 

In forenoon 35 planes were detected on missions at the 18th Group and 
eleven ones in the afternoon. At 1711 one British vessel was located 
in AN 2325. 

Our own air reconnaissance spotted the fishing harbor of Peterhead, 
no shipping was observed. In the Peterhead Bay there were one tanker 
or ore-ship of approximately 2000 tons and one small coastal vessel. 
Some patrol boats were at sea off Peterhead. 

In the port of Aberdeen there were ten thought to be landing craft, 
one thought to be submarine, one ship of unknown type with two stakes 
and four medium sized freighters. 

Own Situation: 



The mines which were found off Vadoe were not at anchor but drifting. 

On the evening of 20 March lively flights were carried out into the 
area of Petsamo/Kirkenes/Vadoe presumably for ininelaying. 

At C930 on 21 March the aerial cover of a westbound convoy sighted a 
submerged submarine northwest of Vadoe and attacked her with bombs 
without observing the effect. 

A.t 0225 on 22 March one submarine has been detected in the outlet of 
Baas Fjord and was fought with deterrent depth charges. 



-316- COEFIDMTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
22 Mar. 19^4 

Suspected submarine was also reported on the afternoon of 21 March in 
the southern approach of Aalesund where detonations and two torpedo 
tracks were observed. 

At 0905 on 22 March one telescope was sighted in Foldafjord. In the 
noon two torpedo tracks were sighted in the outlet of Westfjord one 
detonation was heard ashore. 

At 1400 the Norwegian steamer "NARVIK" (241 BRT) was sunk with gun- 
fire "by an enemy submarine north of the aircraft observer post 13 on 
66b5 North, 1311 East. Only four seriously wounded men were rescued 
out of ten passengers and the crew. Another sighting of telescope 
was reported from Bodoe-Roads at 1^50 , 

In face of this essentially increased activity of enemy submarines 
the convoy escort in the Norwegian shipping would be exposed to heavy- 
load trial. 

Thirty eight northbound and 33 southbound ships were escorted. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 

Enemy Situation: 

The Radio Monitoring detected busy wireless communications between 
Kronstadt and Lavansaari'. In the Gulf of Finland the minesweeper 
T "207" and 29 other war vessels were detected at sea* 

Own Situation: 



In the Baltic Sea Entrances 26, in the Baltic Sea nine boats and four 
minesweeping planes were engaged in mine sweeping. 

Five mines were swept in the Kiel Bay. In the evening the penetra- 
tions of numerous enemy planes into the western Baltic Sea and Kiel 
Bay were observed, evidently in attempting further minelaying opera- 
tions. Owing to this penetration channel blocking was ordered and 
16 boats of the 1st Defence Flotilla were sent out for minesweeping. 
Escort duties were carried out without particular incidents. 

North of Odensholm one boat with refugees of 26 occupants proceeding 
to Finland was captured by the patrol boat Vp "303" and brought to 
Paldiski. The netlaying tasks were continued. For the rest no par- 
ticular events. 

By reason of the discussions between the Chief of Staff of the Com- 
mander Minesweepers East and the Finnish General Valve (see War Diary 



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CONFIDENTIAL 
22 Mar. 1?M 

16 March) the Naval Staff allots 600 "buoys with anti sweeping cutter 
and ^00 explosive floats G to the Commander Minesweepers East for 
Finnish use. Owing to the present situation in production it would 
not he possible to deliver the total number of 1000 sweep obstructors 
only in "buoys with anti sweeping cutter just as was asked for. 



V. Submarine Warfare. 

The Group "Preussen" has been dissolved in the North Atlantic. Two 
by two, the boats were sent out for western proceedings in broad 
reconnaissance front and free manoeuvre. 

In BE 3580 the Submarine U "413" sunk at least one destroyer from the 
reported small convoy with triple spread salvo. 

In BB 7533 the Submarine U "802" sunk three small steamers of altoge- 
ther 5000 BET from a coastal convoy. 



VI. Aerial Warfare. 

West Area 

Routine flights with small groups did not create any attacks during 
the day. On the evening and during the night of 22 March bombs were 
dropped on airfields in Belgium and the Netherlands in flying through 
and returning to and fro the R'eich territory. Twelve planes were 
verified in Western France presumably in dropping agents, 

Nineteen of our own planes carried out a harassing attack against Lon- 
don, one FW 190 still is missing. 

Reich Territory 

On the forenoon several 100 enemy planes with fighter cover penetrated 
via Hamburg, Wismar for attacking Berlin from the North. This attack 
was executed from 1306-13^0 in 6-7000 m altitude and was estimated to 
medium size concentrated on the northern or northeastern part of the 
town. Details see situation of the day. 

In Northern Germany only isolated intruder patrols were carried out 
while a strong enemy group carried out a very heavy raid against 
Frankfurt on the Main which inflicted much damage. Details see situ- 
ation of the day. 

Up to now no reports were submitted consulting the results of defense 
during day and night. 

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CONFIDENTIAL 
22 Mar. 19^ 

On 21 March 300 enemy missions concentrated on Cassino were reported 
in the Italian front area. There was weak reconnaissance only in the 
Adriatic and Aegean, One enemy plane was shot down in isolated 
intruder patrols raiding against small shipping. One Freya-Detach- 
ment was destroyed "by seven fighter homhers at Corfu. In Central 
Italy Railway and transport installations were attacked. 

Sixteen of our own fighters shot down one Spitfire, three of our own 
fighters were lost. 

At 1300 on 22 March one convoy consisting of 52 freighters and seven 
tankers with two destroyers and escorting vessels was spotted west 
of Oran heading East. 

At the same time ships put out of Oran-Bay northbound. 

Eastern Area 

On 21 March 125^ of our own and 3^5 enemy operations were counted. 
Eight of our own and twelve enemy planes were shot down. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea 

1, Area of the Naval Group West: 

Enemy Situation: 

Presumably two cruisers of the CAIRO-class one similar to HAWKIHS 
entered Gibraltar during the night of 21 March. Presumably coming 
from the Mediterranean one convoy consisting of 28 ships entered 
Gibraltar which later on was followed by four Norwegian freighters 
and one corvette. 

In the afternoon and evening one convoy of 50 ships put out to the 
Atlantic, Among them there was one monitor, one auxiliary cruiser, 
one destroyer, besides this one auxiliary aircraft carrier put out 
to sea westbound. At 0715 Cape Spartel reported one convoy of 13 
large tank-transport ships with one destroyer and two corvettes 
heading west. Thereby a withdrawal of landing craft from the Medi- 
terranean was confirmed for the first time. 

Own Situation: 

Strike broke out in some shipyards on the southern coast. Up to now 
no sabotage plots were reported. The objects working on were guarded 
by the Armed Forces, 

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CONFIDENTIAL 
22 Mar. 19^ 

2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy* 

Enemy Situation: 

During the night of 21 March and during the day our own reconnais- 
sance was not executed without any gap owing to "bad weather conditions. 
Common occupation was observed off the "beachhead of Anzio. 

Own Situation: 

At 0248 four motor minesweepers proceeding in transfer for the mining 
operation "HUETTE" were attacked by enemy PT -boats 20 miles south of 
Leghorn. Details were not yet known. 

Out of three Italian PT-boats being on transfer from Specia-Stefano 
one boat returned to Specia owing to engine trouble. A second boat 
entered in Piombino. The third weighed anchor off Punta Aala. 

During the last time the ports of the West and East coast were 
thoroughly surveyed by the enemy air reconnaissance. On the after- 
noon of 21 March one coastal motor sailing ship proceeding to Bene- 
detto was sunk by plane. 

At 1525 on 22 March serious damage was inflicted by the air raid on 
the shipyard of Leghorn, no damage in the harbor. 

During the night of 21 March some planes dropped mines off the beach- 
head. 

The German Naval Command Italy reports the increasing aerial danger 
of the ports which may be important for the front supply and applied 
for allocation of mobile heavy naval antiaircraft artillery as the 
Flak of the Air Force mostly is not at disposal because of the com- 
plete absorption. (See Radiogram 1140.) 

Further treatment will be done by the Quartermaster Division. 

The Commander in Chief Air Force/Operation Staff instructed the Naval 
Staff info, of the directive to the 2nd Air Force and the Air Force 
Command South East that the 4th Minesweeping group 1 except four air- 
craft which are to remain in the northern Adriatic is to be trans- 
ferred to Tanagra for reinforcement of minesweeping in the Aegean. 

3. Area of the Naval Group South. 
a. Adriatic 



-320- CONFIDENTIAL 



• 



• 



COT? ID EFT I AL 
22 Mar. 19^ 

At 2315 the Freya-device Ankona reported ten ships "between Ankona and 
Pedaso steering North in distance of 29 miles off the coast. 

Following the report of a night reconnaissance plane, numerous "bigger 
and smaller vessels were observed between 2214 and 2317 in the area 
north of Ortona. 

On 21 March a large landing craft, six motor boats, one motor sailing 
ship, 72 smaller sailing ships were observed in the harbor of Vis and 
5 small boats, one motor sailing ship, 40 small sailing ships, 60 
small rowing boats were observed in the harbor of Comiza. 

On the morning of 22 March one motor boat and five sailing ships were 
sighted east of Solta and north of Vis one motor boat was sighted. 

Own Situation: 

During the night of 21 March the shock troop operation consisting of 
300 soldiers and four Infantry boats landed at Solta Island as planned. 
But the operation was suspended and the troops returned because the 
boats of the coastal chasseurs including the battalion Commander could 
not reach the island owing to bad weather condition. The operation is 
to be repeated during the night of 22 March. Brief report of the Com- 
mander of the 11th Coast Patrol Force on the minelaying operation 
"Biber" in event of which torpedoboat TA "36" was lost see Radiogram 
2000. According to the opinion of the Admiral Adriatic the TA "36" 
struck our own barrages owing to inaccurate navigation. 

b. Aegean 

Enemy Situation: 

After 1000 on 21 March six ships with alternating courses were sighted 
in the outer Bay of Calamata which came out of sight at 1300. Pre- 
sumably it would be a matter of enemy vessels controlling the naviga- 
tion. 

Own Situation: 

In the enemy air raid against the Freya device at Corfu the equipment 
was destroyed. One Spitfire was shot down. 

In total 8627 tons of cargo has been transferred to Crete during the 
time of 1 - 20 March. 

c. Black Sea 
Enemy Situation: 



-32I- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
22 Mar. 19^ 

One enemy submarine was located south of Kerch-Straits. 

Own Situation: 

Nothing to report. 



VIII. Situation Eastern Asia. 

Marshall Island 

On 1P> March USA-battleships shelled the Mille-Atoll. At the same 
time air raids were carried through. 

New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago 

On 20 March Gasamata in New Pommerania was shelled by destroyers. On 
21 March US-warships shelled the Japanese base Kawieng at New Mecklen- 
burg. The bombardment lasted for about 3j hours. 

At the same time a landing operation took place against the St. Mathias 
group of Islands north of Kawieng. Emirau Island was occupied by 
American Forces. 

Java Sea 

Following Reuter one British submarine was engaged with a big river 
steamship at the East coast of Sumatra and left her behind sinking. 

Burma 

In North-Burma the Japanese began counter offensive operations. The 
Japanese attack is directed against the Burmanian Indian boundary and 
the town of Manipur. 



^ 



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• 



COHFIPEKTIAL 
23 Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Importance 

Following a report of reliable diplomatic sources in London the Rus- 
sians are planning after rejection of their conditions of armistice 
by the Finns to accomplish the fighting against this country up to 
the final capitulation regardless of the Anglo-Saxon desires. Moscow 
counts on a capitulation of Finland occurring not later than in summer 
of this year. 

As to the military planning the Armed Forces High Command/Operations 
Staff has the impression that a Russian large scale attack would not 
be projected at the Finnish Front before long. But in contrary to 
that, serious preparations for attack are made against the mountain 
Army High Command 20 in order to separate German and Finnish groups 
west of Kandalaksha and to isolate the Mountain Corps. The Armed 
Forces Operations Staff has the opinion that at present the Finnish 
Crisis would be concluded and that no further negotiations would be 
expected no more. In case of better Russian tactics, Finland's jump- 
ing off the line would have been reached. 

Hence too may be gathered that evidently the Russians were not urgent 
in compromising with Finland. Both for Russia and Great Britain the 
Finnish problem now reached such an importance which is extending far 
beyond the joint rivalry against Germany. This is one of the inevit- 
able load tests to which the British/Russian relations had to be ex- 
posed as soon as the military situation granted resp. challenged it. 
From this aspect does it not seem to be completely certain that the 
British/Finnish attempts to emancipate this country, which will have 
within the framework of future British/Russian quarrels very essential 
political strategic importance, even now, for a comparatively high 
prize from its present relation in arranging it finally into the Brit- 
ish order of assembly. Therefore, first of all the fact is involved 
that no Russian Troops are allowed in the decisive territories of the 
country. If this would be reached, so all the other concession would 
be of transitory nature. Therefore it would be necessary to study 
further developments of the situation with great care. 

In Hungary the formation of new Government under Imredy did not 
succeed. A New Cabinet is formed by Fieldmarshal - Lieutenant Stojay, 
former Hungarian Ambassador in Berlin. Six Ministers of the former 
Cabinet are representing the new one. Therefore, this is considered 
an outspoken solution of distress which in no case is fully equivalent 
to the projects of the German Command. The Fuehrer sharply condemns 
these tactics of retardation at the Hungarian side and now as ever is 
bent on precipitating matters to absolutely clear and radical decision. 

According to a report of the Military Attache in Ankara dated with 
19 March and coming from reliable sources, troop transports of Indian 



-323- COKFIDEKTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
23 Mar. 19^ 

and "Russian contingents are carried from Bagdad via Aleppo to Tripoli 
(Syria) since the middle of February. Among them Russian naval 
troops are certainly discovered. Assumption has "been stated that 
these naval troops would he appointed for the Italian fighting ships 
which are to he taken over in the next time. 

These precautions too, throw light on the increasing political 
demands of Russia to her own Allies and confirm the exceeding goal 
of the Russian policy into the very Mediterranean. 



The Commander in Chief, ITavy went to Gotenhafen for inspection. 

Conference on the situation with the Chief of Staff of Haval Staff. 

I . The General Staff of the Army informs the Naval Staff from the 
directive to the Army Group A saying that this Group should he respon- 
sible for the information of the Naval Group South on the military 
situation in its own area. 



II. Report of the Chief of Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff: 

It is understood from a captured order of the Secret Service from 
19^-1 which was demanding strictest precautions of secrecy to protect 
the sources of the service that certainly at this time no identifica- 
tion of the German sources worth mentioning were made as for instance 
by breaking in in coding proceedings and such things. 



III. The Chief of Staff of Naval Staff. 

a. References to the examination of the question on the part of 
Armed Forces High Command whether all business of provisions, cloth- 
ing, construction, motor transport, cash work, the supply and trans- 
port systems for all the services could be concentrated in the own 
Armed Forces organization. Cn the part of the Navy, the Captain 
(Navy) Ruhfus will be detached to the commission which is to examine 
this question. 

From the Navy's point of view the execution of this kind of precau- 
tion would appear very critical. All the experiences made up to 
now, already have confirmed that the leading responsibility of one 
part of the Services which in this case would evidently come to the 
army, would have worked out very injuriously for the rest. In order to 



-324- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
23 Mar. 19^ 

put its task to good account and not to "become degraded to a simple 
part of the army, the Navy must refuse all the attempts which could 
create advantages and relief in some certain less important points 
only, "but principally would injure the good fighting trim of the 
naval forces and hence the conduct of naval warfare too. 

b. The position of the Special Weapons Division was cancelled, 
owing to the ordered establishment of the Naval Special Duties Staff 
with the direction of which the Vice Admiral Weichhold was charged. 



In a highly restricted circle 

17. The Chief of Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff reports, that 
in accordance to the report of the Military Attache in Helsinki the 
German ambassador there has expressed his most serious political 
doubts in strong terms concerning to a possible occupation of the 
Aland Islands. It cannot be understood why the Naval Attache Hel- 
sinki has approached the ambassador with the interest of the Navy to 
this group of isles. 

The Chief of Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff proposes ekavp 
r&pvi-maatit (not exactly that) of the attache* to which the Chief of 
Naval Staff agrees. ^Translator's note: the original is crossed 
through by the Chief of Staff of Naval Staff and is corrected by 
handwriting as follows^ The Naval Attache Helsinki will be in- 
formed in the right way by the Chief of Staff of the Naval Staff. 



V. The Chief of Operations Branch; 

The following directives are provided for information of the Group 
South concerning Hungary: 

a. 1. "The transfer of German troops to Hungary is carried on 
under the keyword "Margarethe." The Operations Staff "Margarethe" in 
Budapest is conducted by the Major General Foertsch. 

2. The Special Command 111 in strength of 150 men and under 
command of 1st Lieutenant Feist disposed by the Navy for imminent 
previous safeguarding of the Hungarian Danube-Flotilla still stays at 
Linz, the base of Danube Flotilla. 

3. Operational employment of this Special Command 111 will 
but occur on request of the Operations Staff "Margarethe." Recon- 
naissance for this operation was done by 1st Lieutenant Jaeger who 



-325- CONFIDENTIAL 



23 Mar. 19^ 

was attached to the Operations Staff "Kargarethe" "by the Operations 
Div /Naval Staff. Up to now the Special Command 111 was not yet 
instructed of its task. 

k. This task will "be immediately handed over to the Naval 
Group South, which instead of the Special Command 111 will put at 
disposal forces from its own area. 

5. Up to the time in which the disposition of forces from 
the area of the Naval Group South will he executed and estimated on 
for 1 April, the Special Command 111 temporarily will "be subordinated 
to the Group South as to operational matters. Belief of the 1st 
Lieutenant Jaeger by the ITaval Group South as soon as possible. 

6. Acknowledge receipt." f 

b. "The development of situation in Hungary may make it possible 
that the operational employment of Special Command 111 would be re- 
quired. Further information of the ITaval Group South will be arranged 
directly by the Operations Staff "Margarethe" ." 

The Chief of Staff of Naval Staff agreed with this. 



Special Items 

I. The Admiral Northern Waters/ Commander Submarines submitted the 
following judgment of the situation concerning the fighting against 
convoys in the Northern Waters during the period of clearness and is 
demanding decision: 

1. "From 30 April to 15 August there all time clearness will be 
within the northern region. In this given situation the Submarine 
warfare has to accommodate relevant change of the tactical employment 
of submarines. 

2. There are existing two possibilities for fighting the convoys 
during the period of clearness: 

a. Fighting them stationed at deep quarterline submerged 
positions whereby the real routes of the enemy have to be watched and 
covered. 

b. Free surface operations of the Submarines in the area of 
the convoy, hauling ahead in attack positions in distance of the con- 
voy. Defense of the enemy air force, underwater attack with torpedoes. 



-326- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
23 Mar, 19^ 

3. In addition to 2 a. successful fighting from stationed sub- 
merged positions is requiring a proportionally high number of boats to 
cover the questionable waters and an exact knowledge of the routes in 
which the enemy is proceeding. 

From this submerged position basic changes would not be possible any 
more. Additionally, there may be suggested in details. 

a. At present, the Admiral Northern Waters/Commander Sub- 
marines has 27 boats and one test boat at his disposal from which 
about 15 ones could be put at disposal at times in event of approach- 
ing convoys. But this number would be too small for successful 
fighting in this kind. From here one cannot notice if and if need be, 
how many new boats could be and were to be brought up to the northern 
area. 

b. But beyond this, it would be difficult especially in the 
months from June to August as soon as the ice frontier is withdrawing 
to the North to detect the convoy route in advance in an ample correct 
manner even if sufficient air reconnaissance would be available. At 
any time one has to count on the convoys' making way to the North, on 
greater alternations of course which could not be calculated before 
and which therewith could by-pass our own submarine position. 

**-. Referring to 2 b. Free surface operating of the boats in order 
to reach an outflanking position with following underwater attack has 
the advantage of mobility and fitting themselves to the situation being, 

5. The Admiral Northern Waters /Commander (Destroyers) prefers the 
fighting referring to 4. provided that one will be successful in chang- 
ing the armament of all Northern Water-boats on to 3»7 cm up to the 
end of April. But in this opinion the determinant detail was that up 
to now air raid danger in the Northern Area is much weaker in compari- 
son with conditions in the Atlantic, especially concerning the appear- 
ance of heavy land aircraft and flying boats so that one may suppose 
that the Submarines in case they changed their armament could repulse 
the enemy air forces. But on the other hand, the case of the Sub- 
marine U "737" (Brasack) stated that against armoured planes (Sunder- 
land pp). no results could be obtained with 2 cm guns even in heavy 
concentrated fire and at nearest distance and that in event of an 
attack the boats will be seriously in danger. 

6. Out of 28 boats existing in the northern area only six inclu- 
sively Submarine U r, 673 w (Sauer) are equipped with 3.7 cm guns; 
therefore another 22 boats would have to have their guns changed 
quickly. 

7. If agreement will be granted there is requested: 

-327- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
23 Mar. 1944 

a. to send immediately "both six 3»7 cm to Bergen and Dront- 
heim by special service ship as well 16 to Narvik. The reserves 
neccessary are inciting these numbers. 

b. to send off one training non-commissioned officer of the 
Flak Training School to Bergen, Drontheim and Narvik. 

At first the decision will be made by the Group North/Fleet and Sub- 
marine Division op. resp. the Admiral Submarines. 



II. The Armed Forces High Command/Operations Staff issued the follow- 
ing directive: 

"The remote-control plat6*on of the coastal chasseurs battalion of the 
Division Brandenburg is to send in express- transport to the Commanding 
General Armed Forces South-West for operating against ships targets 
at the beachhead of Nettuno. The place of destination has to be set- 
tled in direct accordance with the Commanding General, Armed Forces 
South-Vest. In avoiding danger of early exposing the secret, the 
operation is but carried out then, when sufficient landing craft will 
be available and ready for operation at the place of destination. 
The operation has to be carried out under command of the Navy and in 
accordance with the special weapons regulations projected by the Navy. 
In preparing this operation the Division Brandenburg takes up direct 
contact with the Naval Special Operations Department." 

III. The Submarine Division Naval Staff advises the Operations Div./ 
Naval Staff with copy to the directive of the Commander Submarines 
West, saying that 15 boats of type VII C which will get ready soon 
have to be kept back in western ports as operational reserve, in 
event of invasion is named the Group "Marder". The putting out of 
Type Vll-C-boats has to be stopped immediately. The boats are laying 
at the bases in three hours readiness. 

According to reference of the Operations Div. /Naval Staff pointing 
out that the keyword would not be suitable because the keywords 
"Marder I" and "Marder II" already are used for enemy large scale 
attacks in Italy, the Submarine Division changed the keyword in 
"Landwirt". Copy of the directive as per 1 S£L 900/44 GKdos Chefs. 
resp. 927/44 GKdos Chefs, in War Diary hand filing "Enemy large scale 
landings." 



IV. Regarding the operation "Tanne" the Naval Command East receives 
the directive of the Quartermaster Division to take care of right 



-328- CONFIDENTIAL 



$ 



CQNFIDgNTIAL 
23 Mar. 19^ 

timed transport of the 170 naval gunners to Danzig on shore "because 
no steamer could "be put at disposal for this task. 



V. Corresponding to the proposal of the Naval Staff concerning the 
authorizations of the "battle zones and fortress commanders the Chief 
of the Armed Forces High Command ordered in completion to the issued 
regulations: 

"1. Military authorities: regarding the cooperation with the 
Navy the powers granted to the commanders of "battle zones and fortress 
commanders find their clear limits in the regulations of the Fuehrer 
directive 40. Therefore even fortress commanders are not entitled to 
interfere in preparations and interests of naval warfare inclusively 
naval warfare "bases or organization of the Navy for this purpose. If, 
in event of landing operation, the fortress commander has dictatorial 
powers above all matters involving the defence of the fortress against 
enemy attacks in order that in case of highest danger in a fortress 
which is isolated, and all round defending the enemy and throwing into 
action even the last "battle facilities as to personnel or material 
matters would he upheld. (Editorial Note: To facilitate interpreta- 
tion of this involved sentence, the following smooth translation is 
submitted: If, in case of a landing operation, the fortress in the 
sphere of battle is isolated, the fortress commander has dictatorial 
power over everything connected with defence of the fortress against 
enemy attack; that is, in a secluded fortress, defending itself on 
all sides in case of extreme danger, {the fortress commander hasj un- 
limited authority of command to the repulse of the enemy, over all 
branches of the armed forces for the purpose of the putting in even 
the last battle facilities of personnel and materiel for the defence 
of the fortress 7) In any case naval forces which are qualified for 
fighting outside the fortress get their orders from the commander 
•responsible of the Navy. They have to meet the demands of the for- 
tress commander within the boundaries of their orders and tactical 
possibilities. 

2. Convening officer powers: 

The Cypher 5 of the order for fortress commanders (Armed Forces High 
Command/Operations Staff/Op No. 006o6/44 GKdos from 27 January ^) 
will be completed as follows: 

"Not before the event of an enemy landing operation, the fortress 
commander of a fortress isolated in the battle area, gets unrestric- 
ted convening powers. Up to this moment, the convening powers admit- 
ted to the fortress commanders are confined to such punishable offences 
of members of other Services or the Waffen-SS which touch the real area 



-329- CONFIDENTIAL 



C0:T?D5STIA L 
23 -ar. 19^+ 

of defence task of the fortress commanders or in which several Services 
are shared in." 



VI. The Shipping and Transport Branch forwards the effective strength 
of the vessels which are in the Black Sea and which nay be taken as 
possible effective occupation. Hence it follows the possibility of 
transportation for 1-" z 60 -en with light "baggage and snail arms in 
one month in contrary the number of 195 300 men which was calculated 
by the Operations Div./Haval Staff according to record sent over by 
the Admiral Black Sea. The figures of the Shining, and Transport 
Branch do not consider any losses by enemy action however are no max- 
imum number but are corresponding to the experiences made up to now. 

The Operations Biv./ir=val Staff has informed the Armed Jorces High 
Command /Operations Staff TTavy and the Taval liaison Officer to the 
High Command, Amy/l-eneral Staff of the Army that the cyphers calcu- 
lated up to now by the Operations Div./Tavai Staff are the most favor- 
able maximum amounts, Adequate draught as per 1 SZL £895 in the 
documents of Situation Haps and Tiles Section. 

VII. Among others in planning the minefields of the Heligoland Bight 
against enemy landing operations the TTaval Command North has announced 
approximately 3-0- coastal mines A with priority. The production of 
the primers and of the coastal mines A would be possible at the mining 
and barrage arsenal at Cuxhaven. 

The Operations Div. /IT aval Staff informs the underwater Obstacles 
Branch that so far as could now be ascertained, coastal mines A pro- 
duction would be necessary within the following boundaries beyond the 
first 25000 pieces: 

Tor the Banish area approximately 1000 pieces 

Tot the French area " 5000 



i 



Tor the Tsthorian coast 800C ■ 

In total " l^OOC " 

The demands of the Or. up South were not yet submitted. 

At first the Underwater Obstacles Branch was direoted to ensure the 
production of the numbers above mentioned and to project in principal 
new snag lines for use at the coastal mines type A in order to not 
retard the efficiency of the barrages which are very difficult to lay 
by good visibility of hand snaglines equipped with pieces of cork 
floats. 



-330- C PITT 1 ID Em I AL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
23 Mar. 19^4 

VIII. Blasting trials which were executed revealed the qualification 
of mine "barrages to "be used as short-timed barrages in protecting var 
important construction situated near the water, fighting positions, 
ship "berths against low level attacks of aircraft. Particular defence 
results are promised "by this method at those places where one counts 
on massed low level attacks and where antiaircraft protection is of 
no efficiency. By firing these barrages heavy walls of water-columns 
would arise between the attacking aircraft and the protected object as 
sort of short-timed barrage, the destroying effect of which would pre- 
vent the low level attack. But operation also can be used to stop ro- 
tation blast bombs which were already dropped. 

Relevant draught Antiaircraft Artillery Section, from 14 March as per 
1 SKI 8829/44 in War Diary Part C Volume VI. 



IX. On 10 March the Commander in Chief, Navy ordered the construc- 
tion of the destroyer 42 C. 



X. The Naval Staff informs the Commander Submarines, Mediterranean 
that at any rate all possibilities would be emptied for construction 
of pens in Marseille and Toulon. The number of protected places 
which is required additionally is to be reached in construction of 
adits. According to report of the Chief of Naval Shore Construction 
Division from 13 March twelve dry places type XXIII in Marseille and 
five shelter places type VII in Toulon are to be ensured up to Octo- 
ber 1944. 



XI. The Commander in Chief, Navy decided that in the months of April 
to July one PT-boat each has to be delivered to the Romanian Navy. 
For this purpose four PT-boats which are to be overhauled entirely 
would be withdrawn from the front during the months of April to May 
and after having undergone structural overhaul and removal of the en- 
gines etc. all four boats would be transferred at the same time 
towards the end of May because monthly single boat delivery and trans- 
fer would not justify the extent of work. The delivery to Romania 
would be executed after assembly work in Constanta or at another 
Rumanian shipyard after having accomplished the materiel war readiness. 



XII. With the date of 8 March the Vice Admiral Abe requested the Com- 
mander in Chief, Navy in a letter to put at his disposal records and 



-33I- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
23 Mar. 19^ 

drawings for the special service submarine with high submerged speed 
the rough sketch of which should he developed in the German Navy for 
submission to the Japanese Naval Minister* 

Dated 23 March the Commander in Chief, Navy answered with that the 
construction of these new German Submarines is not yet concluded anc 
that still no kind of practical trials has been made. As soon as 
these trials should have effected suitable results the Commander in 
Chief, Navy would be disposed to transmit the relevant records. The 
Commander in Chief, Navy described it well understood of the Japanese 
and German Navy for support each other with all powers in the joint 
struggle against the Anglo-Saxon but does believe that it would not 
be right to hand over unfinished and unexperienced plans. 



XIII. The Chief of Operations Div. /Naval Staff and I L embark on 
the heavy cruiser PHINZ EUGEN in order to participate with the com- 
bined exercises of the Training Unit/Fleet from 26-31 March. 

XIV. The Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff informs the. Group South, 
the German Naval Command Italy, the Commander Submarines, Mediterran- 
ean on the condensed judgment of the General Staff of the Army on the 
situation in the South Eastern Areas from middle of March. Copy as 
per 1 SXL 9028/^ GKdos in War Diary Part D Book "Records on enemy 
situation." 



XV. The Naval Intelligence Div. /Naval Staff gave the summary on 
enemy situation No. 6/Vl on 18 March. Copy as per 1 SXL 8905/^ 
GXdos in War Diary Part D Book "Summary on the enemy situation of 
the Naval Intelligence Division." 



Situation 23 March 19^ 

I. War in Foreign Waters. 

1. Enemy Situation: 

According to Intelligence report a camp convenient for 6000 Europeans 
and 50 000 Indians is built up in order to serve for pipeline-construc- 
tion to the Mediterranean. In Abadan the Americans constructed an oil 
refinery and 26 piers for oiling. Six tankers of medium tonnage are 
lying at these piers. In Xorramshahr the Americans constructed a 



-332- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
23 Mar. 19^ 

berth with rail connection and store houses suitable for seven or eight 
approximately 10 000 BRT steamers. 



2. Own Situation: 
Nothing to report. 



II. Situation West Area. 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group five planes at the 19th Group ^8 planes were detec- 
ted over the outer Gulf of Biscay. Seven British vessels were located 
in the rendez-vous area. 

At 1^58 our own air reconnaissance sighted four destroyers on alternat- 
ing courses east of Plymouth and more to the South three destroyers 
heading Northwest. According to photographic reconnaissance one des- 
troyer, nine LST, 21 big landing craft, four auxiliary landing craft, 
three freighters, 15 port and coastal vessels and others were lying in 
Falmouth . 



2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

Mine exploding vessels swept one mine in the inner Gironde River and 
four mines in the outer Gironde. The blocking of Gironde was released, 

One entering submarine and three outgoing submarines were escorted. 



Channel Area. 

Two mines were swept in the area of Dunkerque. After suspended opera- 
tion against CW-convoy the 5th and 9th PT-boat Flotillas returned to 
Cherbourg again at 0015 . 

Further proceeding of the convoy "CHARLOTTE" from Calais to Dunkerque 
was suspended owing to dangerous minefield situation off Dunkerque. 



-333- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
23 Mar. 19^4 

The convoy "BRCMBERG" was carried through as planned from Jersey to 
Cherbourg. At 0150 four boats of the 18th Patrol-boat Flotilla pro- 
ceeding from Boulogne to Dieppe were attacked by fighter-bombers with 
eight bombs. Light composition was floating on the water for about 
five minutes. Owing to curtain fire the fighter-bombers were preven- 
ted on aimed bombing. The group was not hurt. Brief report see 
Radiogram 1000. 

During the night of 23 March execution of the convoy "CHARLOTTE" from 
Calais to Dunkerque and torpedo operations of the 2nd, 4th and 8th 
PT-boat Flotillas against southbound convoys is planned. The PT-boat 
Flotillas left at 2000 but suspended the operation at 22^7 owing to 
increasingly bad visibility and returned. 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters. 

North Sea: 

Escort-minesweeping and clearing duties were carried out with great 
effort. But during the night of 23 March it was curtailed owing to 
bad weather. 

On 22 March ten mines were swept in Heligoland-Bight and river mouths, 
thereof three by minesweeping planes. The convoy 1233 Flbe - Hook 
weighed anchor at Helder Roads. 

Seven convoys with approximately 62 000 BRT were carried through in 
the Zuider Zea and in Zealand waters. 

One enemy plane was shot down at the Dutch Coast by naval antiair- 
craft artillery and Naval Artillery Detachment. 



Norway / Northern Waters. 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 18th Croup yi planes were detected on missions. In the morning 
and in the afternoon some planes reported air raids on own convoys in 
AF 8^96 or AN 3513 resp. 



-334- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
23 Mar. 19^ 

2. Own Situation: 

On 21 March the Coastal Anti-submarine Listening Station Nurmansetti 
located a submarine west of Petsamo - Approach. 

The location was repeated on the evening of 22 March and on the morn- 
ing of 23 March. Moreover, motor sounds were reported on the morning 
of 23 March "in north-western direction by Vardoe battery. 

On 23 March a well preserved Russian air mine was cut off Vardoe. In 
the afternoon "busy flights with 17 planes into the area of Petsamo 
were reported. Shortly after noon two groups of eleven resp. twelve 
enemy planes were in the area of Stadlandet without trying to attack. 
At 0830 on 23 March one of our northbound convoys was attacked "by 14 
enemy planes with torpedoes and gunfire. The convoy was not damaged. 
The escort vessel shot down five planes even three of them were shot 
down "by the convoy-leader. Patrol boat VP "5105" (Commander Chief 
Petty Officer Boehme, Willi). 

At 18^5 the single proceeding Norwegean packet steamer "RYFYLKE" (900 
BRT) was attacked by two enemy planes off Lister and sprung a leak 
owing to "bomb splinters. The ship was set aground. Salvaging of 
horses which are ahoard the ship will be tried. One attacking plane 
presumably was shot down by antiaircraft artillery of Lister. 

For the rest 29 northbound and 37 southbound ships were escorted. 

No particular reports were submitted by the Admiral Northern Waters/ 
Commander Submarines Norway. 

The Naval Command Norway reports that the accentuating land situation 
at the Petsamo Front, the possibility of outflanking landing opera- 
tions and the increasing enemy activity would make it necessary to 
operate with fast vessels which are suitable for fighter and recon- 
naissance task and asks for four PT-boats which should be sent off in 
the nick of time to the area of the Naval Shore Commander Xirkenes. 
But older PT-hoats from the West Area would be suitable no more for 
this proposed operation. In event that allocation of PT-boats would 
be impossible, allocation of efficient motor minesweepers is requested. 

The possibility of realization of this request will be checked. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea. 
1. Enemy Situation: 



-335- CONFIDENTIAL 



/ixc 



TDENTIAL 
23 Mar. 19^4 

On the evening of 22 March numerous enemy planes penetrated via Sylt 
into the western Baltic and Ziel Bay, presumably for minelaying. 

By reason of Intelligence records the "breaking-through of transport- 
PT-boat starting from Lysekil presumably could he assumed to be execu- 
ted like this that the Skagerrak would be crossed during the night 
and in dawn the boats would appear 'in AN 385C In so far as courses 
are known the route is going cutside of the Naval Command's North 
area. At any rate, the declared area in the northern part will be 
crossed. Owing to its own lack of fast seagoing vessels to stop this 
breaking-through, the Naval Command North proposes to operate with 
our air forces during the time in question beginning from 23 March. 

In the Gulf of Finland our boats vere attacked with bombs and gunfire 
by groups of up to 20 planes. 

Owing to Radio Monitoring seven war vessels (mine sweeping) and 1? 
unidentified vessels were at sea in the C-ulf of Finland on 22 March. 



2. Own Situation: 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances 3^ boats and nine minesweeping planes, in 
the Baltic 27 boats and five minesweeping planes were engaged in mine- 
sweeping. Vessels swept nine, and minesweeping planes eight mines in 
the Zattegat and in the western Baltic Sea. The mine-exploding vessel 
"27" was damaged by mine in A0 7457 however was kept afloat. Owing to 
mine one sailing ship sank in AO 773^> 

Owing to mines convoys were not carried through in the Western Baltic. 
The following ships were escorted: in the Baltic Sea Entrances three 
transports with liberty men, with one escort ship and two hospital 
ships, in the area of the Commanding Admiral Eastern Defences six 
transports with two escort vessels between Hangoe and Danzig resp, 
vice versa and two transports, one tanker and two steamers. 

For executing minelaying tasks in the Skagerrak the Naval Command East 
intends to operate with minelayers the "05TMA3Z n , the n ZLSASS n , 
the "ZAIS'SB" and two destroyers using them as mine carriers. At first 
the execution of barrage 23 is projected approximately on 28 March from 
Swinemuende. Time of operation approximately 14 days. Because the 
minelayer "ZAISFR" now operates in snagline trials at the Mining and 
Barrage Trials Command, the Naval Command Hast demands for decision 
if the Skagerrak tasks could be postponed until relief of the minelayer 
"BBDMMER" after executing her operation in the C-ulf of Finland. 

The Naval Staff decides that in the present situation of naval forces 
any references to the minelayer "ZAISFF." for urgent Skagerrak operation 

-336- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
23 Mar. 19^ 

could not "be avoided and put this ship at disposal for two weeks from 
23 March. 

Net laying operations are carried through in the Gulf of Finland. 
Boats of the Narva patrol certainly shot down three attacking planes 
and one presumable plane. .The Narva-Mouth and sea-side were reported 
to "be free of ice, the Narva is melting. 

Regarding the situation on the mainland the Admiral Baltic Countries 
reports that 14 strong enemy tank attacks against the 6l Infantry 
Division were repulsed "between East and West Sack and attacks at 
Gorodenka and Lilienbach also. 



V. Submarine Warfare. 

No particular reports were submitted from the Indian Ocean and the 
Atlantic. 



71. Aerial Warfare . 

West Area . 

By allowed free hunting in the Gulf of Biscay one Sunderland was shot 
down by one "Ju 88." 

In forenoon, three air fields were attacked by gunfire in the Belgian 
and Northern French area. "During the afternoon hours the railroad 
installations of Creil were raided with strong forces and serious 
damage was inflicted.. Besides this, one airfield was attacked. In 
the afternoon the marshalling yard of Haine St. Pierre was attacked. 
Moreover several hundred fighter bombers and fighters dropped bombs 
in the area from Cambrai to the Somme. In Western France one air- 
field at Brest was attacked. Isolated planes attacked the Isle of 
Guernsey and enforced two of our own FW 190 to emergency landings on 
the isles in damaged condition. 

During the night of 23 approximately 100 enemy penetrations into 
Belgium, North and West France were reported with unimportant haras- 
sing attacks resp. dropping of agents. 

Shortly after midnight 16 of our own planes attacked London. One 
FW 190 is still missing.. 



■337- CONFIDENTIAL 



23 Mar. 19W 

Beich Territory; 

Several hundred planes with fighter cover attacked Braunschweig, 
Volfenbuettel, Csnabrueck, Muenster and Handorf. In the air area 6 
approximately 10C0 high explosives and numerous incendiary bombs were 
dropped on 35 places. Three hundred and twenty seven of our own 
fighters operated in defence which according to reports up to now suc- 
ceeded in shooting down ^2 planes definitely and six ones presumably 
thereof, k*) were four-engined planes; 31 °f °'<^ own planes were lost. 

In the evening hours only isolated intruder planes were reported in 
the area of Braunschweig, Stendal and Siegen, Aachen. 



Mediterranean Theater. 

Moderate enemy reconnaissance activity was reported on 22 March from 
the area of the Air Borce Command South Bast. In the area of the 2nd 
Air Perce the enemy attacked Bologna, Verona as well as roads and traf- 
fic installations near Arezzo, port facilities in Leghorn and the rail- 
road stations of Bimini and Bavenna during the day. 

350 enemy planes were on missions in the front area and in the beach- 
head which operated in concentration on Cassino and for the rest 
attacked supply routes north of Borne. 

Bifty enemy planes attacked the railroad station and airfield Padua 
during the night of 22 March. 

Our own planes carried out reconnaissance missions. 



Eastern Area. 

On 22 March 1067 of our own and 510 enemy missions were carried cut 
on the Bs stern Pront. Three of our own planes and 23 enemy ones were 
shot down. 

Approximately 100 enemy planes attacked the patrol boats in the !*arva- 
Bay without any result. Ship antiaircraft artillery shot down three 
planes, 

Bnemy air activity in the area of the 5th Air Borce is already reported. 



-338- CCgTJIDZSTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
23 Mar. 1944 

711. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. 

1. Area of the Naval Group V«'est. 

gneagg Situation: 

At 1850 on 23 March one CAIHO-clasa cruiser left Gibraltar Mediter- 
ranean "bound. 



Own Situation: 

One convoy of 2020 BRT was carried through off the French South coast, 

The strike of shipyard workers in Port de Bouc was finished in the 
afternoon of 22 March. In La Ciotat and Toulon the strike is lasting 
on. The objects are safeguarded by naval and infantry forces. 



2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy. 

Enemy Situation: 

The eastbound convoy consisting of more than 50 freighters which was 
reported north-west of Oran on 22 March will be estimated in dead 
reckoning on the morning of 2k March between Algiers and Bougie. 

On the morning of 23 March our own air reconnaissance in the northern 
Thyrrenian Sea and in the area of the isles of Corsica and Sardinia 
and on the Italian East Coast was badly detained owing to misty 
weather. 

Normal traffic was observed in the area off the beachhead. Details 
see situation of the day. 

At 0640, 15 medium-sized merchantmen with six escort vessels were 
sailing 60 miles south of Tarent heading North. A.t 07^-6 one convoy 
steering South-East and consisting of J2 freighters and three destroy- 
ers was sighted 130 miles southeast of Malta. At 0613 three thought 
to be destroyers and one torpedo boat were sailing north-west of Sidi 
Barani heading South. 

At 0004 one PT-boat was sighted 14 miles west of Specia by one of our 
own minesweepers. 



-339- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
23 March 19^4 

Own Situation; 

The minelaying operation. "Huette" on the east coast of Corsica was 
carried out by four motor minesweepers with cover of reinforced 
patrol "boat services in weather conditions limited to the utmost. 
Our own torpedo "boats succeeded in diverting the enemy PT-boats, 
The motor minesweepers had had no contact with the enemy. 

During the night of 22 March Italian MAS -"boats entered St. Stefano. 

At 15^5 a bombing plot was made in Some on one company of an SS Police 
formation which was marching through the town. Besides this, the com- 
pany was fired on from "behind houses so that 27 men were killed and 
15 were injured. 

At C938 on 17 March the submarine U "371" reported the attack on a 
westbound convoy in CH 95^6 with three observed hits on a steamer and 
on one transport of 8000 BHT each and of one hit on another steamer 
of 8000 3HT which was detected. One of the torpedoed freighters was 
sunk at 135? by finishing shot. The boat was seriously damaged by 
depth charges and then chased during four days. The Commander Sub- 
marines Mediterranean assumes that two of the ships were sunk, one 
is torpedoed. 

The Group North/Fleet advises the Operations Div. /Naval War Staff with 
copy to the postponement of "Neger" operation of the Naval Special 
Operations Command because the air supply of the midget submarine has 
to be increased for the longer approach run. 

The German Naval Command Italy advises the Naval Staff info, of the 
report to the Commanding General, Armed Forces South V. r est that the 
light naval forces did not succeed in minelaying in the direct coastal 
forwarded area south of the Tiber-mouth on the 10 meter line and that 
the whole operation seems to be unaccomplishable because the boats in 
question are too slow and on their long approach would be exposed to 
the enemy air supremacy nearly without any protection even on day. 

Trials of the execution on the spot with engineering equipment and 
midget vessels supplied from shore side had to be suspended because 
the operation with them is said to be impossible owing to the local 
conditions. 

The last possibility may be the minelaying by the Air Force in the 
coastal forwarded area on the 10 meter line. For the purpose of this 
execution direct discussions between the 2nd Air Force and the ITaval 
Command Italy were proposed. 



-34<K CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
23 Mar. 19^ 

3. Area of the Naval Group South. 

a. Adriatic: 

Enemy Situation: 

On the afternoon of 22 March enemy planes attacked the Isle of Hvar, 
At the same time one enemy group consisting of seven rather "big units 
covered by planes and approaching from NNW shelled the southern coast 
of Hvar. 

According to air reconnaissance the amount of small shipping in the 
ports of Comiza and Vis remained unchanged compared with 21 March, 

IIo traffic was observed in the area between the islands. 



Own Situation: 

Two Siebel-ferrias and one transport were sunk in the air raid against 
the !TC-coast of the Isle of Pasman. In the fighter bomber raid on 
Infantry-boats one Infantry-boat was set afire off Trogir which how- 
ever could be extinguished. 

The 392d Infantry Division reported the conclusion of mopping-up 
operation on the isle of Raab. 

The Commanding General Armed Forces South-¥est transmits that the 
oversea-supply required of the Army Group C to Benedetto amounting 
to 3500 tons monthly in supplying the Army High Command 10 only has 
"been fulfilled in January with 1166 tons, in February with 638 tons, 
and in the first half of March with ^82 tons. The continuous inter- 
ruptions of the coastal railroad by enemy action will require further 
raising of the oversea supply to the highest efficiency in turn-over 
from Benedetto. The coastal motor sailing ships with the highest 
allowed draught cf 2.5 m working in the shuttle-run Ancona - Benedetto 
are not sufficient, seriously depending on weather conditions, too 
slow and therefore in summer-months will only be suitable during the 
short nights. For this shuttle-run therefore the Commanding General 
Armed Forces South-West is asking for prior employment of naval land- 
ing craft coming from new constructions and transfer in order to sup- 
ply the Southern Front. 

Relevant decision has already been made by the Quartermaster Division. 



-3^1- CONFIDEJTTIAL 



COKFIDSNTIAL 
23 Mar. 19^- 

b. Aegean 

Fcthing to report. 



c, 31ack Sea: 

Snemy Situation: 

According to Radio Monitoring three submarines were at sea in the 
operational area and a kth one presumably on approach to it. In the 
afternoon one PT-boat and one motor gun boat was recognized on the 
central east coast and one PT-boat in the south eastern Black Sea. 



Own Situation: 

Nothing particular happened at the patrol-line in Kerch-Straits and 
in the Dnieper-Liman during the night of 22 March. During the night 
of 23 March both the patrol lines are occupied with three naval land- 
ing craft each. 

In Mcolaev the floating elevator and the Kaval Victualling Depot were 
blown up. 

In the forenoon the submarine U n 9° left Constanta for war cruise. 

Owing to weather conditions the Crimea convoy temporarily was delayed. 

The Chief of Sea Transportation of the Admiral Black Sea. reports that 
the following tonnage was asked for the month of April in the opera- 
tional discussion on transportation with the Army Group Command A on 
13 March: 

a. Danube - Crimea 3^ 000 tons capacity 

b. Odessa - Danube - Crimea 15 111 tons capacity 

of lighter facilities. 

c. Constanta - Odessa - 9 000 tons capacity 

Crimea tanker facilities. 

d. Constanta - Danube - 26 000 tons capacity 

Odessa ships and lighter facilities. 



-3^2- CQNTIDSETIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
23 Mar. 19^ 

Referring to the points a. t d. and c. the Chief of Sea Transportation 
promised full capacity and referring d. 600C tons capacity ships 
facilities end 15 000 tons capacity lighter facilities. Additionally 
tc that prospectively the transport of ^500 tons of OT-fuel for the 
array from Georgia to Odessa would he necessary in April. 

According from overheard Radio communications "between the Admiral 
Black Sea and the Group South there was recognized the intention of 
the Admiral Black Sea to transfer his Headquarters from Simferopol to 
Carmen Sylva. 

In earlier times the Group South already gave its consent to this 
change, hut at this time considers it necessary - very pastly - as to 
military and psychological matters to stay at Simferopol with the 
Headquarters of the Admiral Black Sea and the Operations Staff. 



VIII. Situation Eastern Asia, 
Nothing to report. 



-34> CONFIDENTIAL 



COggjDBjTIAl 
24 liar. 19W 

Items of Political Importance. 

In connection with the Finnish / Russian negotiations the USA-magazine 
Vorld-Telegraph states that Koscov 1 s policy of expansion already would 
have created tensions "between Russia on the one and the USA and Great 
Britain on the other hand. If Stalin would occupy parts of Romania, 
Poland and of the Baltic States and would involve Bulgaria, Jugoslavia 
and Czechoslovakia in the Romanian sphere of interests and even wants 
to convert Finland into a marionette, so little hope would he given 
for a lasting time of peace. Only Germany and Japan would win if 
Helsinki and Moscow could not reach a compromise at present. 

According to a Reuter report from Washington, the secretary of State 
Hull declared that the negotiations "between Russia and Finland would 
not yet "be "broken off finally. 

Subject to alternation the Faval Intelligence Division, -Aval Staff 
forwards a report of the German embassy of Stockholm from 14 March on 
alleged "being taken ill of Stalin. Copy as per l./SZL 10707/44 Secret 
in War Diary Part B Volume V. 



From his inspecting journey to Gotenhafen the Commander in Chief, Kavy 
returned to Headquarters. 



Ko conference on the situation. 



Special Items: 

I. Concerning the operation Tanne: 

a. As the supply of personnel from Forway is coming too late the 
Kaval Command East and the Admiral Netherlands receive the directive 
from the Quartermaster Division to form up the "battery-compliments of 
Scheveningen Berth for "Tanne n in such a manner and to fill them up 

to 170 men eventually by exchanging men with other "batteries that with 
them four coastal "batteries could "be manned in skeleton manner. Per- 
sonnel has to be sent off in due time that it would be ready for load- 
ing in Danzig in the morning at C800 on D-day minus three days, 

b. Regarding the operation of ships of the Training Unit for fir- 
ing on land -targets. The Group Forth/Fleet reports, that besides the 
heavy cruiser PEDSZ EUGEH - and the SCHEER also the cruiser NUERE3ERG 

-344- C OOTID EST IAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
24 Mar. 1944 

and the EMDEN would come in question provided that sufficient cover 
by destroyers and torpedo boat3 could be furnished. The "battleship 
SCHLESIEN and SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN are dissuaded from participation. 

The Naval Staff is directing that additionally the cruisers NUERNBERG 
and EMDEN would be put at the Naval Command's East disposal. Copy of 
the draught as per i/SKL I op 31 7/44 GKdos Chefs, in War Diary Part C, 
Volume III. 

c. On 24 March the Daily Telegraph published a report from Stock- 
holm according to which German troops are going to occupy the Aland 
Islands. German troop transports should have already arrived at Mari- 
hamn[?]. This precaution would mean no surprise to the Allied cir- 
cles in Stockholm, where one is waiting for any proof of more intimate 
Finnish/German cooperation since the breakoff of the peace negotiations. 



II. a. The Armed Forces High Command/Operations Staff Navy informs 
the Operations Division Naval Staff that in Hungary the movements 
passed on as planned and all crossings of Thisza-River were occupied. 
On the German side no new decisions are still made. The Naval Liai- 
son considers it possible that it would be necessary to disarm the 
Honved-Forces in the home area and proposes adequate personnel prepar- 
ations of the Navy for taking charge of the Hungarian Danube-Forces. 
On the evening of 24 March the Marshall Antonescu will be expected to 
arrive at the Fuehrer's Headquarters. 

b. At discussions with fortress commanders of the West Area com- 
plaints were expressed saying that serious difficulties are existing 
with the Navy about calling-up watches, especially this would be the 
case in Brest, Lorient and St. Nazaire. In spite of high numbers of 
men the Navy refuses to participate in the guards which are assisting 
to joint tasks such as railroad station guards etc. according to its 
share. Also floating groups lying in harbor for longer time refuse 
energetically to call up guards, though they would be able to do so 
according to their strength. These conditions would have to be 
stopped at any case. 

c. Then Naval Liaison is continuing reporting that today the 
Fuehrer has decided in the question of the transfer of the replacement 
training units that by interest of defense operations which may occur 
in event of invasion, the transfer of certain vessels would already be 
necessary at this time. But the actual fighting in event of invasion 
will depend on the Fuehrer' s decision. The Naval Liaison thoroughly 
explained the doubts of the Navy and the opinion of the Commander in 
Chief, Navy. But despite this, the Fuehrer is believing that he must 
insist on his desire. Corresponding directive of the Armed Forces 
Operations Staff will follow. 



-345- COHTIPBITIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2k Mar. 19^ 

The two subjects mentioned above were transmitted by the Operations 
Division/Naval Staff to the Quartermaster Division/Naval Staff with 
the request to procure for further arrangements and inform the Naval 
Liaison in correspondence to that. 

Regarding the transfer of the Naval Drafting Detachments lying in 
Prance which was applied for by the Commanding General, Armed Forces 
West to the Armed Forces Operations Staff, the Commander of the German 
Occupation Forces in France still took his detailed judgment. 

Considering the particular importance of the defense of the emergency 
routes for holding the coastal front the Commander in Chief, Navy is 
requested to examine his decision according to the proposal of the 
Commanding General Armed Forces, West. 

Copy of relevant Radiogram as per 1 SZL 90^9/^ GZdos. in War Diary 
Part C filing "Enemy large scale landing operations". 

d. For a new time the Fuehrer mentioned the urgent demand to 
carry off the 130.000 tons of olive oil which obviously are stored at 
Crete and other Aegean isle.3 and import them to the German food pro- 
duction. 

The Naval Group South, the Commanding Admiral Aegean were informed of 
thi3 matter and were asked for judgment and report of their plannings. 



III. The Group South advises the Operations Division/Naval Staff with 
copy of the repeated emphatic appeal to the Army Group F that the 
occupation of the Dalmatian Islands respectively capture was not deman- 
ded for its own interest but only was caused by sorrows for further 
execution of sea supply and economic traffic urgently needed by the 
Armed Forces (bauxite). But beyond this, the isles being in own pos- 
session are the best defense of the mainland coast. In further occu- 
pation of the Dalmatian isles the Navy sees the decisive supposition 
for successful holding of the Balkans Area. 

This advice was necessary because the Army desired a thinning up in 
the occupation of the southern Dalmatian Isles and according to report 
of the Admiral Adriatic all the Army officials which are shared in, 
are remarkably disinterested and already reflect upon their so-called 
evacuation. Copy of relevant Radiogram l./SKL 9183/*J4 GKdos in War 
Diary Part C Volume XIV. 



17. Considering the judgment of the situation of the Admiral Northern 
Waters/Commander (Submarines) Norway (see War Diary 23 March) the 



-346- CONFIDENTIAL 



^ 



(£ 



CONFIDENTIAL 
Zh Mar. 19^ 

Group North takes its assessment as follows: 

1, "In regard to the increasing enemy air activity in connexion 
with Northern Waters convoys, the fitting out of the Submarines with 
3.7 cm guns is said to he urgently .necessary. Therefore thte request 

of the Admiral Northern Waters/Commander Submarines Norway is supported. 

2. But even with mounted 3*7 cm guns it seems to he doubtful, if 
the enemy air force could be fought in so far that free surface opera- 
tions in the sense of the Admiral North/ Commander Submarines Norway 
would be possible. 

3» The most favorable opportunity of operations the Group North/ 
Fleet sees in a system half depending on stationed vessels, that is to 
say, to dispose of the boats at first in a stationed and deeply dis- 
tributed submerged position and then after being passed over to advance 
the submarines' position, in order to bring the submarines in surface 
cruising to a new stationed position far distant from the convoy. 

During weather conditions which will not allow operations of the air 
force, also free operations in the former manner to reduce actions of 
the enemy air force would become necessary if need be, by proceeding 
in hauling ahead within shelter of the Norwegean coast and within the 
range of our own fighters. Calling up of our fighter cover in the 
manner of free hunting must be desirable hereby. 

b. Increased equipment of the Submarines with T 5-torpedoes* for 
fighting down the very strong convoy escort will be necessary, as 
soon as the supply situation will allow this. 

5. The question which of the operational proceedings would be the 
best for this purpose, practical work must show. However supporting 
the submarines by the Air Force in fighting the enemy air force or in 
direct attack against carriers and convoys will improve the submarines 1 
prospects of success incisively, which otherwise in long lasting clear- 
ness will be seriously restricted." 



V. The Naval Staff transmits the directive of the Armed Forces High 
Command/Operations Staff concerning the operation of the remote con- 
trolled platoon of the coastal chasseurs detachment of Division Bran- 
denburg against ship targets in the beachhead of Nettuno to the German 
Naval Command Italy and Group North. (See War Diary 23 March). 



-3^7- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2k Mar. 1?M 

VI. With date of 8 Feb. the Admiral Norway requested to lay the whole 
area of the Skagerrak east of Kristiansand South and approximately 
south of the line Lille Faerder-Struten into one person's hand, that 
is to say, in that of the Commanding Admiral, Defenses Baltic. Up to 
now a strip of 5 miles width off the Norwegean South Coast to the Oslo 
Fiord and Kristiansand South "belonged to the area of the Naval Command 
Norway. Within the framework of decisions on the organization of com- 
mand in the area of Denmark-South Norway this question has also been 
settled. The decision which was issued by the Quartermaster Division, 
Naval Staff on 23 March runs as follows: 

"In regard to the development of the situation which charges the area 
of Southern No rway/Skagerrak/ Jut eland into directly threatened areas 
and in pursuance of the directives given in the ahove mentioned 
draught, concentration of the command coast/coastal forwarded area is 
ordered for this area. 

Tn Details: 

A. Forthwith the 8th Coast Patrol Force has to be formed up. 
1 • Place of set up : Aarhus 

2. Attached groups : Referring to distribution of forces by the 
High Command, Navy Operations Division/Naval Staff (according to pro- 
posal of the Naval Command East in accordance with the Naval Command 
North and Group North/Fleet). 

3. Subordination : as to military matters under the Commanding 
Admiral, Defenses Baltic, as to operational matters referring to 

B. 3. h. 

4. Operational Area : Area off the western coast of Jutland from 
the German-Danish frontier to the North up to Cape Lindesnes (with 
the restriction, that the convoys from the Heligoland Bight to Esbjerg 
and vice versa should remain the task of the Commanding Admiral, 
Defenses llorth), Skagerrak, Kattegat, Baltic Sea Entrances up to the 
Southern outlet of the Sound and Belts (the existing five miles limit 
off southern Norwegean coast is suspended). 

B. The Admiral Denmark is changed in " The Admiral Skagerrak " (Com- 
manding Admiral Skagerrak). He will be Sea and Mainland Commander in 
Chief with Headquarters in Aarhus. 

1. Subordination : Under the Naval Chief East (subordination of 
the western coast under the Naval Command North is suspended). Nothing 
is changed in the relations of subordination towards Commanding General, 
Armed Forces, Denmark referring to the Fuehrer directive 50. 

-348- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 



2k Mar. 19^ 



2. Operational Area ; Waters like A, *K, Jutland, Danish Isles 
and Bornholm. 

3. Naval Forces will be subordinated as follows: 

a. Naval Forces of the Fleet : 

as to operational matters distribution of forces by the 
Naval Staff or the Group North/Fleet. 

b. 8th Coast Patrol Force : as to operational matters : (at 
operations in the Skagerrak the concentration of which, is lying in the 
Norwegian area the subordination under the Naval Chief Norway can be 
ordered by the Naval Group North or the Naval Staff.) 

c. Mainland Forces : fully (referring to War Organization) 

k. In order to discharge the Admiral Skagerrak on the mainland 
sector the Coastal Sector Commanders and the Naval Shore Commander 
are entrusted with the command of their areas to full extent. 

5. The Commanding Admiral, Defenses Baltic passes the command as 
to operational matters of the coastal patrol forces in the area of the 
Admiral Skagerrak (8th Coastal Patrol Force) over to this one; for the 
rest he will maintain his now existing tasks. 

C. 1, The distribution of forces and directives concerning personnel 
matters will be issued separately. 

2. The Naval Command East is charged with the execution and 
reports in accordance with the Naval Command North and with agreement 
of the Group North/Fleet the moment in which the ordered precautions 
are becoming effective. 

D. 1. In the moment the above mentioned changes of organizations 
are becoming effective the following modifications in limits of the 
areas are coming into force: 

a* Limit between the Group West and Group North/Fleet: 

From the Dutch-Belgian frontier up to the point 53° 1 North, 3° 16' 
East like now existing, from there true North up to the 55th degree 
of Latitude North, from there true West up to the British Coast. 

b. Limit between the Naval Chief North and the Naval Chief Bast : 

In the Reich Territory like now existing, then along the German-Danish 
frontier to the West in direction of 55° North up to the limit of area 



-34-9- CONFIDENT LAL 



CONFIDENTIA L 
24 Mar. 1944 

Group West and Group North/Fleet, (The isles of Sylt belong in the 
whole to the Naval Command North) • 

c. Limit between the Naval Command East and the Naval Command 
Norway : 

From Cape Lindesnes in direction of 190° 20 miles, from there to the 
West to the Scotch coast. 

2. The chart "Limits of naval areas" will "be corrected in relevant 
manner. 



711. The Intelligence Division/Naval Staff informs the highest Naval 
Command Headquarters of the enemy situation. Copy corresponding to 
Radiogram as per l/SZL 9045/44 GKdos in War Diary Part C Volume "Records 
on the enemy situation". Concerning the area of Great Britain therein 
is stated, that the impression of quickly increasing readiness for 
jumping-off from the area of Southern England and presumably also from 
the eastern Scotland is strengthening and that among the masses of 
informations concerning the projects of the enemy and besides multiple 
reports on further postponing of the beginning of landing operations 
the date and of March/beginning of April is revealing more often dur- 
ing the last time. 



Situation 24 March 1944 

I. War in Foreign Waters; 

1, Enemy Situation: 

Following the Radio Monitoring a striking shift of the Allied single 
route shipping from the Pacific Ocean to the North Atlantic was recog- 
nized in the beginning of March. While the total number of detected 
Allied merchantmen in the Pacific Ocean sank to 40$ it was increasing 
in the Northern Atlantic to 85$. At least twelve single running 
freighters received the directive to transfer in ballast from the 
Southern Pacific through the Panama Canal to the East. 



- 



2. Own Situation: 
Nothing to report. 



-350- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2k Mar. 19^4 

II. Situation West Area: 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group 13, at the 19th Group were 59 aircraft detected on 
mission. Seven British vessels were located in the rendezvous area. 

The British Admiralty announced the loss of the frigate GOULD. 

The Intelligence Division transmits the report of a well tried agent 
who reported the threatening attack on North Africa in right time, 
saying that "before long landing operations temporary drawn up in 
echelons will begin at the Western and Northern French coast, as well 
at the Belgian and southern French coast, hut presumably also at the 
Dalmatian coast. 



2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

Two mines were swept in the Gironde mouth, at further position not 
yet reported two mines were swept. 

On th9 approach route one enemy fighter was shot down by the 7th 
Patrol Boat Flotilla. 



Channel Area: 

Mines were swept as scheduled: in the area of Ostende-Dunkerque 18, 
east of Dunkerque three, in the area east of Le Havre 15« 

During the night of 23 Mar. the convoy CHARLOTTE was carried out from 
Calais to Dunkerque. On this execution the 15th Patrolboat Flotilla 
and the 2nd Gun Carrier Flotilla happened to be engaged with enemy 
FT -boats and fighter bombers. Two enemy PT-boats are definitely and 
a third one is thought to be sunk. Aboard our own boats only small 
casualties occurred. Brief report of the Commander of the 2nd Gun 
Carrier Flotilla see Radiogram 0740, 15th Patrolboat Flotilla see 
Radiogram C730. 

Further transfer of CHARLOTTE from Dunkerque to Flushing is planned 
during the morning hours of 25 Mar. and has already started. 

During the night of the 25 March the proceeding of the convoy steamer 
BROMBERG from Cherbourg to Le Havre is projected and the torpedo 



-351- CONFIDENTIAL 



2~ liar. 19^4 

operation of the 5th and. c th PE-boat Plotillas from Cherbourg against 
the Westbound convey in Plymouth-Day has "been started, During the 
night, the ~th and 5th Torpedo-beat Flotillas are carrying out nine- 
laying creraticn frcn Cherbourg. Details not yet submitted. 



III. Forth Sea, Norway, Northern Waters: 

North Sea: 

The convoy, ainesveeping and clearing duties were carried out under 
strong effort of the forces of the Commanding Admiral, Defenses Forth. 

Eight ziines were swept off the Dutch coast and in the Heligoland Bight, 

At 13CC the convoy M?S Elbe-Hook consisting of eight stealers has been 
started. The convoy 1233 Hook-31be is going to be concluded. 5^75- 
3P.T were escorted in the Zealand Waters. 

According to wireless interception report and P.adar interception of 
the Air Poree, enemy PT-bcats vers sailing off Tnuiden on the evening 
of 2- Mar. 



Norway, Northern Waters: 

1. Sneny Situation: 

At the 15th 2-rcup 25 planes vere detected in the northern North Sea. 
At 1235 one Hussian reconnaissance plane reported one of our ovn con- 
voys in the Persfiord. 



2, Cvn Situation: 

On the afternoon of 23 March unimportant exchange of gunfire took 
place in the area cf Petsane. 

Thirty-six penetrating planes were observed In the area of the Polar 



At 053C one of our northbound convoys was attached in vain by enemy 
submarine in AJ 6ASz (Poldafiord). In contrary to that, at 1008 
another ere;ny submarine sunk the Sbrwegean packet steamer NOPD-NCHD-D 
(991 BP-T) off Stadlandet. One survivor was rescued. 



-352- 






CONFIDENTIAL 
Zk Mar. 19^ 

At 1315 a new submarine attack occurred against one of our southbound 
convoys consisting of four tankers, two steamers, one catapult ship 
with ten escort vessels, reinforced air cover and submarine chasers. 
The tanker WORTH (6652 BRT) and the catapult ship SCHWABENLAND (8 63I 
BRT) were torpedoed and towed in to Flekkefiord. 

Casualties are suffered on both the ships. 

For the rest 27 northbound and JS southbound ships were escorted. 

Three submarines left Narvik for operation. The boats are set up in 
two groups, "Thor" and "Hammer". 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea: 

1, Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 



2. Own Situation: 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances 35 boats and four minesweeping planes, in 
the Baltic Sea 21 boats and four minesweeping planes were engaged in 
mine sweeping. On 23 Mar. nine mines were swept in Kiel Bay and in 
Fehmarn-Belt. On 2k Mar. six mines were swept in the same areas. In 
both the days in total J2 mines were swept. The blocked routes were 
released again. 

On the evening of 2^ Mar. the Sperrbrecher "132" was damaged by mine. 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances and in the area of the Commander (mine- 
sweepers) East the convoys were carried through without incidents. 

At noon several enemy reconnaissance planes penetrated into the area 
of Kiel Bay - Small Belt - Aarhus - Aalborg up to Skagen. 

The Commander of the 6th Destroyer Flotilla has carried out exercises 
with destroyers Z "28, tt B 35" and "39" northwest of Padilski JBaltiiski 
Port?f. 

Two tenders of the netlaying group were rammed by a steamer in Tallinn 
and sunk. Moreover, netlaying is curtailed owing to bad weather 
conditions. 



-353- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2k Mar. 19^4 

'The Commander of the 2^th Landing Flotilla planted his share of "buoys 
with antisweeping cutter on the "barrage Seeigel B4 with three naval 
laniing craft and two motor minesweepers. 

Owing to bad weather, the patrol of the Narva Bay partially has to 
seek shelter leeward the coast. "Enemy air raids which were carried 
through continuously inflicted no "break downs. 

Regarding the situation on the mainland, the Admiral Baltic States 
reports that on 23 Mar. the enemy did not start his large scale attack 
against the 16th and 18th Army. Further changes were recognized which 
were 3helled "busily "by our guns. 



V. Merchant-Shinping: 

The Naval Intelligence Division/Naval Staff reports on the shipping to 
G-oeteborg 19^3 with prospects to 19^» Copy of the report as per 
l/SKL 1133V^ Geh. in War Diary Part C Book XI. 



VI. Submarine Warfare: 

On 24 Mar. at 065^, the submarine U "302" sighted a fast little convoy 
heading North in BE 7173 a nd sank one destroyer with Zaunkoenig* 
toroedo. 

The submarine TJ "843" (Monsun-boat) has been fully supplied by the 

IT "433" and continued its proceeding to the South. The submarine ^ 

TJ "801" did not arrive at the meeting point. The submarine U "123," 

U "1059" and TJ "801 rt are to be supplied at the new meeting point. 



VII, Aerial Warfare: 

West Area; 

Approximately 300 enemy planes penetrated into Belgium/Northern France 
and attacked the airfield of Creil, and the airfield of Beaumont. 50 
enemy planes were reported in Western France, in the sea and coastal 
area of Fecamp and St. Brieux, they did not attack. 

Towards noon, several 100 enemy bombers escorted by fighter cover 
attacked the airfield of St. Dizier. A number of planes has been 
destroyed or damaged. More 90 aircraft attacked the airfield of 

-354- CONFIDENTIAL 



COItFIDMTIAL 
2k Mar. 19^ 

Berney. Owing to "bad weather our own fighter defense was not 
effective. 

During the night of 2k March 75 enemy flights into Belgium/Northern 
France and the Netherlands were reported with harassing attacks on 
various airfields without noticeable damage, approximately 200 enemy 
flights in Western France into the areas of Chartres-Chateaudun - Le 
Havre - Morlaix without attacks were reported, presumably dropping 
agents. 

From the South 25 enemy penetrations into the area of Toulouse took 

place without attacks. Ikj of our own planes were sent out for 

attacking London, of which 121 Gould recognize the good effect of the 
attack over the target. Sixteen planes were lost. 



Reich Territory: 

During the hours of noon, isolated planes did reconnaissance in direc- 
tion to Belfort-Schaffhausen and left towards Switzerland and the 
Kiel-Bay. In the morning, one group of several 100 enemy planes pre- 
sumably with fighter cover penetrated into the area of Frankfort-on- 
the-Main and Mainz. A. medium-sized attack was carried out on Fran k fort- 
on-the-Main and as well attacks on country districts north of Schwein- 
furt and single bomb droppings in the area of Mannheim and Mainz. In 
Frankfort the Central Observer Post was destroyed by direct hit, thus 
burying numerous men. 

During the night of 25 Berlin was raided by many hundreds of enemy 
planes concentrated on the south-western and southern areas of the town 
which was said to be very serious. According to statements up to now, 
damage on industry and casualties are not immoderately high. Further 
details see situation of the day. 

Further bombing is reported from Weimar, Langensalza, Kiel and List. 
Our own results in defense were not yet reported. 



Mediterranean Theater: 

During the night of 22 March, 22 Ju rt 88 n, s of the 2nd Ur Force did 
minelaying in the waters off the beachhead and carried out attacks 
against ship targets. The observation during the evening which was 
executed two hours after the attack revealed heavy fires at sea and 
numerous explosions, presumably deriving from rather big ships. 



-355- COHFIDSHTUL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
2k Mar. 19^ 

On 23 Mar. moderate enemy reconnaissance activity was reported in the 
Aegean and at the Dalmatian-Albanian coast. Coming from the area of 
Foggia, kO enemy planes penetrated up to Agram via Sibenic without 
executing attacks. 

In the Italian area 250 fighter bombers and fighters were observed in 
the front areas and beachhead concentrated on Cassino. For the rest 
Firence, transport installations in the area of Ancona and the rail- 
road station of Pontassieve near Firence were attacked. 

"During the night of 23 March, 36 Ju M 88" • s attacked the town and har- 
bor of Vis and recognized good bombing in the town and port area. 
Two planes were lost. On the afternoon of 24 Mar. reconnaissance 
flights were done in the southern Italian area. 



Eastern Area: 

On 23 Mar. 817 own and 330 enemy missions were counted. One own plane 
was lost and ten planes were shot down. 



VIII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea: 

1. Area of the Naval Group West: 

Enemy Situation: 

On the evening of 23 Mar. one CAIHO-class cruiser and one destroyer 
left Gibraltar, Mediterranean bound. At I63O on 2k March five 
freighters with four corvettes passed the Gibraltar Straits with 
course to the Mediterranean. 



Own Situation: 
One convoy of 2012 BRT was carried through off the French south coast. 



2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy. 
Enemy Situation: 



-356- CONFIDENTIAL 



• 



+ 



CONFIDENTIAL 
24 Mar. 1944 

At 0335 a convoy of ten or 15 ships was sailing 15 miles east of 
Algiers while at 0521 two ships were recognized 20 miles north-west 
of Bougie according to air reconnaissance. 

Owing to weather conditions, our own reconnaissance in the 'coastal 
forwarded area was curtailed in the area of Civitavecchia up to Capri 
in the morning. Normal landing supply was recognized in the area of 
Nettunia. 

In the morning six large, one medium-sized and several small vessels 
were lying in the Pozzuoli-Bay. 

According to Radio Monitoring, the Swedish Red-Cross Ship HALLAREN 
was ineffectively attacked at 1754 by British planes 35 miles North- 
east of Ancona. At 1930 Algiers transmitted SOS-reports from the 
same position. 

Supplementary to the commando raid on Pianosa on 19 Mar, is reported 
that at dawn four or six vessels carrying 80 - 100 Badoglio Italians 
and some De G-aulllsts were landing, penetrated into the house of cor- 
rection and then embarked again taking with them 41 inmates and 
guards. Short engagement took place with one of our own infantry 
platoons. 

During the night of 22 Mar, Pianosa was supplied "by two of our battle 
landing craft. At 10*10 on 23 March two landing craft tried a new com- 
mando raid against Pianosa but shoved off to the West after having 
encountered gunfire. 

Between 0927 - 1*1-30 oa 24 Mar. six large motor mine sweepers with sev- 
eral smaller vessels were sighted six miles south west of Pianosa 
doing mine sweeping. At 14*1-5 three of these vessels shelled Pianosa. 
Then the group went off to the West. 



Own Situation: 

On 23 Mar, shuttle run was curtailed owing to bad weather conditions. 
During the night of 24 March, patrol duties were carried out as 
planned. Owing to bad weather, minesweeping on own barrages had to 
be suspended. 

At 2355 on 23 Mar,, enemy PT-boats were recognized off Cape Mele 
south-west of Genoa which attacked one of our own convoys according to 
sounding and Radar interception with torpedoes. 



-357- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
Zh Mar. 19^ 

During the same night, four motor minesweepers returning from mine- 
laving oper&tion west of Monte Chris to were attacked twice with double 
spread salvoes from behind the isles by two PT -boats. During the 
night of 2k Mar. the operation of one Italian PT-boat off the beach- 
head is "Planned. 

In expiating the bombing plot against* the SS-Pol ice-Battalion in Pome, 
328 Italians were shot. 



3. Area o f the Tayal Group South: 

a. Adriatic : 

During the night of 22 Mar. another enemy landing operation in unknown 
strength took "olace on the EW-coast of Evar under cover of gunfire. 
The German occupation force of the isle is engaged with the landed 
enemy. Cn 23 Mar. two Inf-boats with one fighting group aboard put 
out to Hvar. 

On 23 March our own troops were landing on Solta and did not find any 
enemy resistance up to noon. 

At 1620 on 22 Mar. 18 enemy fighter bombers attacked three Inf-boats 
in the Salden-Bay near Trogir and the antiaircraft positions of Ciova 
with bombs. One attacking plane definitely was shot down, two more 
are thought to be. 

Or the morning of 21 March two Siebel ferries were sunk in the air 
raid cn the isle of Pa.sman which were laden with guns. The guns are 
going to be salvaged by experts. 



b. Aegean: 
Nothing to report. 



c. Bl ack Sea: 

Enemy S it uation: 
At 15^5 one submarine was located 95 miles north-west of Sevastopol, 

-358- CONFIDENTIAL 



• 



CONFIDENTIAL 
Zb Mar. 19^ 

Radio Monitoring detected vessels during the night of 23 Mar. as 
follows: in the Azov Sea two PT-boats, off the central Caucasian 
coast one PT-boat and one minesweeper, off the southern Caucasian 
coast two unknown small vessels. Six submarines were observed at 
sea. On the evening of 2k Mar. one motor, gun "boat and one armoured 
boat and one PT-boat were sailing in the Azov Sea according to Radio 
Monitoring. 



Own Situation : 

At 0935 three enemy gun boats sailing five miles NE of Cape Takil 
were shelled by one of our own Naval battery without noticing the 
effect. The Russian aerial railway across the Kerch Straits was set 
out of action by Army gunfire. 

The submarine "U 20" began her homeward proceeding to Constanta from 
the operational area. 

Intercepting the Radio traffic in the Black Sea, the answer of the 
Army Group A to the Chief of Sea transportation of the Admiral Black 
Sea was overheard. According to that, the Crimea supply for April 
will be reduced to 27000 tons of supply and 8200 tons of fuel, there- 
of coming from Romanian ports to Crimea 21000 tons of supply, 7000 
tons of fuel and from Odessa to Crimea 6000 tons of supply and 1200 
tons of fuel. 

In thinning up Odessa ^5800 tons have to be carried to Romanian ports 
in the time from 1-20 April. 

Copy of the relevant Radiogram which also contains operational inten- 
tions of the Admiral Black Sea - Chief of Sea transportation in 
details as per l/Skl 9087/^4 GKdos in War Diary Part C Volume XIV a. 

Besides this, the Admiral Black Sea - Chief of Sea Transportation 
reported to the Coastal Defense Branch, Quartermaster Division, Naval 
Staff that the Commanding General of the 17th Army agrees with the 
reduction of supplies to Crimea up to monthly 35000 tons dead weight 
so long as the battle situation Crimea would allow this. The Army 
Group A will maintain the 17th Army to the same amount of supply in 
so far as railroad supply would allow. 



IX. Situation Eastern Asia: 
Nothing to report. 



-359- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
25 Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Importance; 
Nothing to report. 



Conference on the Situation with the Commander in Chief. Navy; 

I. Oral report of the Chief of Operations Branch. Naval Staff on the 
report of the Naval Command Norway concerning the performances in 
patrol duties. After having discussed the fundamental reasons of the 
practically superior efficiencies of the British search devices, the 
Commander in Chief, Navy orders examination if not similar personnel 
precautions would he suitahle just as the British are executing, where 
the Asdic personnel is forming a special "branch, which is currently 
trained and remains embarked on the same ship for years. Owing to 
continuous changes, a higher level of experiences never could be ob- 
tained with us. This instigation would be followed up by the Quarter- 
master Division, Naval Staff. 



II. Within the frame of the report on the Adriatic, the Commander in 
Chief, Navy, once more directs the attention to the capture of Lissa. 
H«nce, the Chief of Staff of Naval Staff declares that owing to lack 
of naval forces the execution of this task would only be possible 
with concentration of the German Air Force. 



III. Lecture of the Chief of Auxiliary merchants cruiser section. 
Operations Division Haval Staff on the situation in the Far Bast. 
While the Japanese is succeeding locally, evidently important results 
at Manipur in Burma, his situation in the area of the isles is 
difficult. The OSA-enemy systematically cuts Japanese forwarded posi- 
tions "by means of outflanking landing operations. At this moment the 
Japanese Admiralty Staff judges the situation in Micronesia more hope- 
ful according to a report of the Armed ForcesL Attache in Tokyo from 
25 March. 

One is not understanding the reason why the Americans did not follow 
up after having raided Truk in the middle of February and landed on 
Saipan and Tinian, what hardly could have been prevented at this time. 
In meantime, Truk has been supplied sufficiently again, so that land- 
ing operations on the Marian Islands would be a great risk. Predomi- 
nantly at this time, the enemy air force attacks the targets Ponape, 
Wake and the Japanese possession of the Marshall Islands. Besides 
this, weak attacks are carried out against Truk with land based plans, 



-36O- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
25 Mar. 19^ 

evidently coming from the Marshall Islands. A large scale attack is 
expected on Marcus. 

In Melanesia at New Guinea, rests of the Japanese Division which was 
shoved off from Finchhafen were received near Medang. The front-line 
now is running 50 kilometres east of this place. Enemy landing opera- 
tions are expected west of Wewak which concerning to he main "base is 
"being raided seriously every day. 

The Japanese activity at Bougainville may he valued as the attempt of 
troops fighting on forlorn hope for relieving the situation of Rabaul. 
Now the Americans landed also on Marcus (Admiralty Islands). 

Up to now eleven enemy airfields were recognized on Xiska and Atta. 
Every day, enemy air reconnaissance was observed over the northern 
Kurile Islands. Evidently an attempt of landing is planned on these 
isles. 



IV. The Quartermaster General. Naval War Staff reports on the new 
directives of the Armed Forces High Command which "became effective by 
the Fuehrer's decisions in occasion of the last report of the Commander 
in Chief, Navy in the Fuehrer's Headquarters on 21 March. 

Regarding the directive concerning the powers of the fortress comman- 
ders, the Quartermaster General and the Chief of Staff of Naval Staff 
arose doubts to the last sentence cypher 1. (see War Diary 23 March 
especially cypher V), saying that naval forces suitable for fighting 
outside the fortress have to comply with the demands of the fortress 
commands within the bounds of their orders and tactical possibilities. 
The Commander in Chief, Navy, is not intending to undertake any inter- 
ference in this matter. 

The directive of the Armed Forces High Command concerning the action 
of naval shore detachments in defense operations in event of enemy 
landing operations runs the following wording: 

"The Fuehrer has ordered: 

1. The replacement and training units of the Navy stationed in 
the area of Epinal and Belfort have to be transferred into the area 
of the railroad Metz-Paris according to the desires and preparations 
of the Commanding General, Armed Forces, West. 

2. With regard to the demands of further naval warfare, the 
employment of replacement, training and special duties detachments and 
schools of the Navy in the occupied areas and in the home area for 

-361- CONFIDENTIAL 



CCOTIDaTTIAL 



25 Mar. 19^ 

defense operations outside of their "barracks in event of enemy land- 
ing operations, will "be saved to the order of the Fuehrer. In event 
of direct enemy danger to their location of quarters, they have to "be 
put in action for local defense without this order. 

3. The 1'avv will make relevant preparations for the employment of 
these groups as feval Smergency units. A3 to standard of mobilization, 
the Co naan cLlng Cenerals or the Commanding Generals, resp. Armed Jorces 
will prepare the employment in correspondence to the level of training 
and equ.ipr.ent. 

Ur m The directives "being in contrary to this order have to "be 
corrected." 

The Coaaander in Chief, -Tavy agrees with thi3 wording. £* 

Concerning the complaints which had come in about the lacking willing- 
ness of the Savy to partioipate in the calling-up of guard troops in 
the "'Test Area, the Commander in Chief, ITavy orders that a solution 
between the Services has to be found by reason of suitable agreement. 
Naturally, the Savy has to help equably in executing this kind of 
task. Certainly the necessities of the seagoing personnel must be 
preserved, 

furthermore, the Quartermaster C-eneral reports that the question of 
olive-oil in the southeastern area, which was mentioned "by the Fuehrer, 
has "been taken in hand in connection with the ministry of food. 

The Romanians tried to confiscate lighters for employment in the Danube 
respectively for purpose of evacuation. 

The request of the 3-erman !7aval Command, Italy for mobile anti aircraft /^ 

artillery can not be answered. 

After concluding exercises, the heavy cruiser P3JSZ 37G32T has to 
undergo 14 days shipyard staying in executing "boiler repairs. 

In Dsthonia one oil factory (Sillamae) has to "be evacuated owing to 
the neighbourhood of the front. The monthly deficit comes to 1000 
tons. 



V. The Chief of 27aval Intelligence Division: 

The news of the occupation of the Aland Islands by German troops 
which were snread in London have "been denied in Helsinki. 



-362- CQS7I355TIAI 



CONFIDENTIAL 
25 Mar. 19^ 

Some Hungarian Foreign missions, among them Stockholm "broke with the 
Government Stojay. 



VI. By Japanese arrangement, one captured British report of the 
Admiralty from December 41 concerning the anti-submarine warfare has 
come into our possession which contains precious details which are 
still being evaluated. Among others, the report contains authentic 
numbers of vessels sunk by our submarines and the numbers of losses 
of the Allied merchant shipping as well. 



In a highly restricted circle: 

VII. The Naval Liaison Officer in Vichy submitted a Judgment on 
the personalities of French Admirals. The Chief of Staff of Naval 
Staff* 3 opinion is that this Judgment looks at the matter from one 
point of view only and here a task is existing which has to be exe- 
cuted by the Group West. Further details contained in War Diary 
Part C Volume VIII. 



VIII. The Chief of Staff of Naval Staff reports of improvement in 
instructing the destroyers and torpedo-boats. The fuel which is re- 
quired will be put at disposal. The Training Flotilla too is in 
preparation. A training detachment will not be set up because this 
would require particular demand of personnel. The Commander in Chief, 
Navy puts at consideration whether an installation in the area of the 
Commander, Destroyers would not be suitable, similar to that of the 
Bureau of personnel, Submarines. 



Special Items . 

I. The Naval Command North, with copy to the Group North/Fleet is 
informed, that the Commander in Chief, Navy reported to the Fuehrer 
on the conditions of the coastal fortifications of the Heligoland 
Bight and that the Fuehrer demonstrated his intention to transfer 
manpower and materiel for construction of the Heligoland Bight after 
having concluded the first construction of the Atlantic Fortifications 
in the beginning of summer 19^. 



-363- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
25 Mar. 19^4 

II. Investigations of prisoners of war are revealing that the British 
dispose of three kinds of follow-up torpedoes* which also are used in 
fighting submerged submarines. The searching-torpedo* "Oskar"'is two 
meters long, holding 70 cm in diameter', approximately 23 miles speed 
and is weighing 450 kilograms. Allegedly 80$ hits were obtained with 
it. 

Our own traceless torpedo is known to the enemy by captured pieces 
from Sicily. 

Under good weather conditions the ranges of Radar sets installed in 
planes are announced to be against an emerged submarine under way 
50 miles, lying stopped 15 miles, against a telescope under way 15 miles, 
lying stopped five miles, against a destroyer under way with 40 miles, 
lying stopped 15 miles, against a passenger steamer under way 80 miles, 
lying stopped with 40 miles. Floating barrels and parts of wreckage 
are to be detected from about 15 miles. A small sailing ship with 
sails, already can be detected in 30 miles and without sails in a dis- 
tance of 20 miles. Carley floats never do appear on the screen not 
even then when they could be recognized with the naked eye. The 
marks specified for good weather conditions would be reduced in bad 
weather to 2/3. Under water locations are not possible to make with 
the Radar set but however allegedly since May 19^3 a set especially 
constructed for that purpose is to be available. The Radar set can 
be interfered but evidently however we did not use this possibility 
since autumn 19^3* 



III. Referring to Fuehrer order from 27 Nov. the Naval High Command/ 
Recruitment Division reports to the Chief, Armed Forces High Command, 
that in the area of the Navy 22 825 men are cut. There off 17 721 
fall to the first and second date, 5104 men to the third. 



IV. Corresponding to the directive of the Fuehrer on 21 Mar. the 
"Remarks of the Commander in Chief, Navy on the importance of Odessa 
for the warfare in the South East" are transmitted to the Armed Forces 
High Command/ Operations Staff, Navy, the Naval Liaison Officer to the 
High-Command, Army General Staff, Commander in Chief, Air Force Opera- 
tions Staff, Chief of Naval Liaison Staff and the Admiral in the 
Fuehrer 1 s Headquarters. Copy l/Skl lb 921/44 G-Kdos. Chefs, in War 
Diary Part C Volume XIV. 



r 



-364- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
25 Mar. 19^ 

Situation 25 March 19kk 

I. War in Foreign Waters 

1. Enemy Situation: 

nothing to report. 



2. Own Situation: 

The Naval Staff, Operations Division informs the Armed Forces High 
Command/Foreign Countries III and the Naval Staff, Quartermaster Divi- 
sion Supply and Fuel Branch of the loss of the tanker CHARLOTTE SCHLIE- 
MANN and BEAKE. Copy of the writing l/Skl Ik 87^/^- GKdos! in War 
Diary Part C Volume I. 



II. Situation West Area 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group were twelve, at the 19th Group there were kZ planes 
detected on mission. Eight British vessels and one Allied vessel 
were located in the rendez-vous area. Besides this, four wireless 
telegraphic guards were detected escorting convoys resp. groups In 
the areas BE and AM. 

At 0906 our own air reconnaissance reported two destroyers on souther- 
ly course 300 miles west of the Gironde. 

According to information of the Foreign Office from Lisbon, the Chief 
of the Portuguese Counter Intelligence Service is expecting a large 
Allied landing at the Belgian coast before 9 Apr. which however would 
only be delay-operation because the main blow would occur in the vici- 
nity of Toulon. 



2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast 
Both, one mine was swept in the Gironde mouth and west of Bayonne. 
The transfer of BQDKBBEK to Boyan has been executed as planned. 

-365- CONFIDJfflT UL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
25 Mar. 19^ 

At 0930 the submarine escort of the subdivision of Patrolboat n 6ok" 
proceeding homeward was attacked "by six four-engined enemy planes and 
six Mosquitoes on the 50 m line. 

The submarine U "976" was sunk by aircraft gunfire. The crew has been 
rescued by the patrol-boat. Casualties were suffered aboard the 
patrol boats. 

Channel Area: 



During the night of 2k Mar. the 5th and 9th PT-boat Flotillas did not 
encounter the enemy on their advanced thrust against the Vest-convoy 
in Plymouth Bay, presumably due to an error of reckoning. All the 
boats entered Cherbourg, Brief report see Radiogram 1330. 

The 4th and 5th Torpedoboat Flotillas planted the mine barrage N4 dur- 
ing the night of 2k Mar. At 0155 the group was attacked with torpe- 
does by what was believed to be a group of PT-boats; the torpedoes 
were outmanoeuvred. In spite of firing of approximately 200 star 
shells, the enemy was not sighted. 

During the night of 25 Mar. operation of the second, fourth and eighth 
PT-boat Flotillas from the Dutch area is planned against southbound 
convoys resp. if weather conditions getting worse from lurking posi- 
tion against enemy PT-boats. The execution of minefield task N 2k is 
planned also. 

During the night of 2k Mar. the convoy BROMBERG from Cherbourg to Le 
Havre and the convoy CHARLOTTE from Dunkerque to Flushing was executed 
as planned. During the night of 25 Mar. the convoy BROMBERG is to be 
proceeded to Dieppe. 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters 

North Sea: 

Escort-minesweeping and defense duties were executed as planned. The 
minesweeper M "261" scored a mine-hit in the Elbe-Weser area and pro- 
ceeded with her own engines to Cuxhaven. Twelve mines were cleared in 
the areas of the river mouths and at the Dutch coast. 

From 0040 - 0118 the Group B of the 34th Minesweeping Flotilla was en- 
gaged with enemy PT-boats in AN 8531* After having been fired on, the 
enemy shoved off. From 0450-0505 the patrol boat position Rome reports 
engagement with enemy PT-boats which went off to the west under smoke 
cover. Our own vessels were neither fired on nor did they suffer 
casualties. 

-366- CONFIDENTIAL 



f 



CONFIDENTIAL 
25 Mar. 1944 

The convoy 1233 Helder-Elbe has been executed. The 21st Landing Flo- 
tilla transferred from Helder to Elbe. At 0900 the convoy 488 Elbe- 
Rook weighed anchor off Den Helder and proceeded at 1930. 

The K "4" put out escorted by two minesweepers to AN 6697 in order to 
survey the Eastern edge of the declared area. 

During the night of 2$ Mar. the proceeding of the convoy of steamer 
CHARLOTTE from Flushing to Hook van Holland has been started. 

Approximately 49 000 BET were escorted in the Zuider Sea aid in the 
Zealand Waters. 



Norway. Northern Waters 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 18th Group 33 planes were detected on mission. At 0530 one 
plane is reporting air torpedo attacks on three merchantmen lying 
stopped, without obtaining hits. 

At 1839 one plane reports bombing of a merchantman without observed 
effect. Positions were not recognizable. 

One British vessel was located both west of the Shetlands and in the 
outlet of the Northern Canal. 



2. Own Situation: 

During the night of 24 Mar. little enemy flighing activity was repor- 
ted in the area of Lindesnes up to Songefiord. 

The steamer SCHWABENLAHD has been set aground in Flakkefiord. At 
0533 °ne submarine chasing group was unsuccessfully attacked with air 
torpedo off Lister. (See enemy situation). 

At 1840 the attack was repeated by three enemy planes south of Lister. 
One attacking plane was shot down. 

Thirty-six northbound and 26 southbound ships were escorted. 



-367- CONFIDENTI AL 



COKEIDEITTIAL 
25 Mar. 19^ 

17. Ska^errak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 

1, Enemy Situation: 
Uothing to report. 

2. CVn Situation: 

Thirty-two "boats in the Baltic Sea Entrances, 13 "boats and two mine- 
sweeping planes in the Baltic Sea were engaged in mine sweeping. Six 
mines were swept in the Kiel Bay and in Eehmarn Belt and one self ex- 
plosion was observed. 

At 24CC on 24 Mar. the steamier OSTAEA (1281 BET) struck a mine south 
of Kjelsnor. At 1352 on 25 Mar. the Morwegean steamer BOBN reported 
mine-hit on the same position. The channel 28 is blocked. 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances, the Baltic Sea and in the area cf the 
Commander Minesweepers Baltic convoys were executed as planned with- 
out incidents. 

The Commander of the 24th Landing Flotilla arrived at Tallinn from 
Hochland with thre3 Naval landing craft, and two motor minesweepers. 
Owing to bad weather conditions during the night of 24 Mar. the 
nightfighter directing ship TOCC was not in operation. 

The Commander of the 1st Minesweeping Flotilla reports, after having 
been relieved, that on 23 Mar. in total 21 air raids of about 14c - 
150 enemy planes were carried out against our own patrol forces in 
Barva Bay. Thereby five planes were shot down. 

The netlaying is continued. 

V. Submarine Warfare 

1. Enemy Situation: 

Prom 13 - 19 Mar. in total ^5 position reports inclusively presumable 
submarine locations were stated in wireless communication according 
to Eadio Monitoring. Thereof, five were :n the Forth Atlantic west 
of 40° West, 38 in the North Atlantic east cf 40° West, eight in the 
Mediterranean and four in the Indian Ccean. 

2. Own 5 ituation: 

On 24 Ma.r. the submarine U "302" was siioved off from the convoy repor- 
ted in BE 4ll6. Eor the rest no -particular reports. 



r 



-368- CCTIDB1TTIAL 



• 



CONFIDENTIAL 
25 Mar. 19^4 

VI. Aerial Warfare 

In the morning 80 enemy planes penetrated into the coastal area of 
Belgium/Northern France without trying attacks. In the course of day 
several 100 bombers with fighter cover attacked the railroad junction 
point Eirson. An ammun ition train was hit. 

In Western France 40 penetrations without attacks were reported. Dur- 
ing the night of 25 Mar. 150 missions into the northern French/Belgian 
area with bombing at Maubeuge and 60 missions in the area of Le Havre - 
Lyon Tours with attacks on the airplane engine and wagon factories were 
reported. 

Reich Territory: 

In the raid on Berlin during the night of 24 Mar. many bombs dropped 
into old damage sites. Large fires could be prevented. 

Isolated enemy intruders were reported in the area of Hannover, Meck- 
lenburg, Bremen, Duisburg, Nuernberg and Pirmasens. During the night 
of 25 Mar. several enemy planes penetrated into the area of Berlin up 
to Frankfurt /Oder. Some bombs were dropped. 

Owing to hits on the Lippe-Bridge, the railroad communication Hamm- 
Muenster was suspended. 



Mediterranean Theater: 

On 24 Mar. eight reconnaissance planes were detected in the Aegean. 
One hundred and eighty four-engined planes and fighters penetrated 
via Sibenic into the area of Agram without executing any raids. Four 
four-engined planes were shot down by our own fighters. Further 80 
missions were directed towards Bihac via Sibenic without any attacks; 
the planes flew off in reciprocal course. In the front area of the 
Italian area 650 enemy planes were gathered, four of them were shot 
down. Besides this, transportation installations in Central and 
North-Italy were attacked. 

During the night of 24 Mar. two reconnaissance planes were discovered 
in the Aegean and ten enemy planes were recognized supplying guerilla 
bands. Via Scutari fifty enemy planes penetrated into the Bulgarian 
area. Twenty planes attacked Sofiya with bombing the whole area of 
the town under closed cloud cover, while 30 planes proceeded to Plovdiv. 

In the morning of 25 Mar. reconnaissance missions were flown by our 
own planes in the Italian area. 



-369- CONFIDENTIAL 



COCTISSffTIAI 
25 Mar. 19^ 

Eastern Area: 

On ?A Mar. 93- own and 630 enemy missions were flown on the Eastern 

Trent, four of our own and eleven enemy planes were shot down. 

At 1500, 50 enemy planes attacked Tallinn. Details are still lacking. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and 31ack Sea 

1. Area of the Xaval C-rcun West 

Enemy S i tuat i on : 

According to Intelligence report from 21 Mar, the following ships were 
lying in the harbor of Algiers: The RICHELIEU, the cruiser DUGUAY 
TROUT 17, three transports, 38 freighters. Further 14 freighters were 
lying in the Bay. 

On 25 Mar. 13 freighters and three corvettes left Gibraltar Atlantic 
bound. 

Own Situation: 



Two vessels with 2612 "BRT were escorted off the French south coast. 

2. Area of the German Haval Command Italy 

Enemy Situation: 

Owing to "bad weather conditions on the afternoon of 2k Mar. and during 
the night of 25 Mar. our air reconnaissance in the Northern Thyrrenian 
Sea was imperfected. At 0725 on 25 Mar. ten merchantmen were recog- 
nized heading to the "beachhead in discovered supply route. In Anzio 
increased unloading was stated. In the ares Anzio-Ponza usual supply 
traffic could be observed. On 2k Mar. landing of materiel in the 
beachhead was fought successfully by our own army batteries. One fir- 
ing cruiser was forced to show off. At 1AO0 two freighters, five LST's, 
six LCJ's, two light cruisers, one destroyer and two further escort 
vessels were sailing on 160° 15 miles south of Kettuno. 

At C600, 32 merchantmen with five patrol vessels were sailing 190 
miles southeast of Malta with course to the isle. 

Strong aerial survey of the ports on the Italian West and last coast 
is lasting on. 



-370- COHFIDEimAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
25 Mar. 1944 

Own Situation: 

In the new air raids on Leghorn at 1030 on the 25 Mar, serious damage 
was inflicted at the dockyard but none in the port. 

In the air raid on Senegallia on the afternoon of 2k March, the pas- 
sage into the inner port-basin was blocked owing to buts on the mole. 

Up to now one Italian PT-boat did not yet come back from operations 
off the beachhead. 

Two torpedoboats (foreign) left La Specia, Elba bound for executing 
the minefield operation "Knick." 

Owing to bad weather, the convoy shipping was curtailed. Patrol 
duties were cancelled. 

The submarine U "k66" reported effective breaking- through through 
Gibraltar narrows from CH 5^25 • 

With reference to the increasing threatening of the front supply by 
the enemy air force, the German Naval Command Italy applies for 
detailing of heavy naval anti aircraft artillery for protecting the 
supply ports. Up to now the anti-aircraft defense of the ports has 
already been established by cogent reason with the naval anti aircraft 
artillery (ships) and alarm anti-aircraft artillery. 

The Quartermaster Division, Naval Staff decided that heavy, stationed 
anti aircraft artillery has not been available that the Navy does not 
dispose of any heavy mobile naval anti aircraft artillery. The defense 
of the Italian ports would be the task of the German Air Force, The 
German Naval Command Italy was instructed to approach the Air Force. 

In the beginning of March, the German Naval Command Italy asked for 
allocation of further PT-boats, for the 10th MAS-Flotilla. 

In thia matter the Quartermaster Division, Naval Staff states, that 
up to now three Italian PT-boats in Spezia and two mine sweepers in 
Venice had been allotted to this flotilla. In reference to the re- 
quest three more Italian PT-boats were allotted to the German Naval 
Command Italy by order of the Chief of Staff of Naval Staff which will 
be equipped with complements of the 10th MAS -Plot ilia and will operate 
in the bounds of this flotilla. There are no more PT-boats or mine- 
sweepers left. PT-boats still being in construction in North-Italy 
will not be completed and broke up owing to the backward state of con- 
struction and referring to the apply of the German Naval Command 
Italy. [Smooth interpretation by 0p-292A: Referring to the proposal 
[t] of the German Naval Command Italy, PT-boats still under con- 
struction in North-Italy will not be completed, and [will be] broken up 
because of the backward state of construction^) Further strengthening 

-371- CQOTipmrriAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
25 Mar. 19^ 

of the 10th Italian PT -Flotilla as it was asked for "by the Admiral 
Sparzani in his discussion with the Commander in Chief of the German 
Naval Command Italy will therefore not he possible. (See War Diary 
4 Mar. Special Items, cypher IV). 



3» Area of the Naval Croup South 

a. Adriatic: 

Enemy Situation: 

According to reports of Intelligence Division from 23 Mar. large troop 
concentrations of the Allies in Bari were reported, thus creating news 
of landing operations in North Epirus and Albanis. 

Own Situation: 



In the course of 23 Mar. heavy fighting took place on Hvar. Our own 
troops are concentrated in the Eastern part of the isle. 

The isle of Solta again is seized firmly in our own hands. 

On the afternoon of 2k Mar. the minelayer EAMB III left Trieste for 
minelaying operation "Biher." Owing to Bora storm, the operation was 
suspended. 

"Regarding the request of the Commanding General, Armed Forces, South- 
West concerning the supply of the Naval landing craft to the Adriatic 
(see War Diary 23 Mar.), the Quartermaster Division, Naval Staff 
transmits that it has already been ordered that the first six Naval 
landing craft are to be sent to the German Naval Command Italy. The 
difficulties which have been occurred are partially depending on in- 
sufficient supply facilities by railroad. 

In regard to serious losses of tonnage in the Adriatic caused by 
enemy planes in March, the Armed Forces High Command/ Operations Staff 
op requests the Naval Staff for a new examination of further extending 
measures in anti-aircraft defense beyond the increased precautions 
already executed up to now. Especially the possibility should he exam- 
ined for a new line in calling up supplementary one to another materiel 
by the Air Force, personnel by the Navy* Continuing of ships losses in 
the present extent, so the Armed Forces High Command is now stating 
too, must in the consequences lead to succumbing of the entire shipping 
in this area. 



(T 



-372- CONFIDENTIAL 



COHTIDEHTIAL 
25 Mar. 1944 

b. Aegean: 

Owing to weather conditions, the sailing of the PT-boats S "601" and 
S "603" from Corfu to the Aegean as well as those of a convoy from 
Piraeus has "been postponed. 

On 23 Mar. four fleeing sailing ships »of guerrillas were sunk "by our 
own planes with gunfire in the NW-part of the Gulf of Euboea. On 
25 Mar, the submarine chaser n 2l4l B was shelled by 7»5 cm gunfire, 
grenade throwers and machine gun fire from ashore on the east coast of 
Pelion peninsula. She replied the fire. 

At 1425 seven enemy planes attacked Mikonos and sunk four motor sail- 
ing ships, among them one Red-Cross-Ship and one sailing ship. Another 
sailing ship sustained damage, 

c, Black Sea 

The Operations Staff "Margarethe" (Hungary) details off commandos of 
the operations group 111 in the shipyards of Ujvidek and Budapest in 
screening them as new Construction Acquaintances. 

In the air raid on Sofiya the naval quarters remained untouched* 

Naval landing craft and motor minesweeper which were sent out against 
located vessels northeast of Cape Takil on the evening of 24 Mar, did 
not encounter the enemy though location was lasting on. 

The submarine U "IS 1 ? left Constanta for war cruise. Otherwise 
nothing to report. 



VIII, Situation Eastern Asia 

Concerning' the report of the Armed Forces Attache Tokyo was already 
reported in the conference on .the situation with the Commander in 
Chief, Navy, Copy 1 of relevant telegram as per l/Skl. 9158/44 Gkdos, 
in War Diary Part C, Volume XV, 



-373- CONFIDENTIAL 



CCNJIDtNTI AL 
26 Kar. 19— 

Sunday 

Items of ?:litical Imrortance 

Nothing to report- 



Conference on the Situation with trie Commander in Chief, Navy 

I. The destruction of the submarine D "976" by gunfire of enemy planes 

at the meeting point with the escort forces off St. Nazaire has to give 
the occasion that now the Air Jorce will do more about defending the 
escort of submarines leaving and arriving at port. The Compander in 

Chief, Navy gave the relevant order to the Submarine Division. 

Additional operation of t crpedcboats has to he provided by the G-rcup 
West in order to sake valid their effective anti aircraft artillery. 



II. Heport of the Chief of Mine Warfare Sectio n, Operations Division. 
Naval Staff on British minelaying operations in the Channel and North 
Sea. There is the striking fact that in Channel area numerous mines 
equipped with time setting devices are found while in Netherlands area 
and in the Heligoland Eight however only mines are found without time 
setting device. Identifications could "be valued to he free from 
objection, "because the examination of mines which dropped ashore are 
forming the "basic elements. 



*o 



These identifications could point out that landing operations in the t 

Netherlands area NE of Den Helder would net he planned, but at any 
rate these observations would give an essential fact in this direction. 



III. The Commander in Chief, Navy declared the plans of the Group 
South in preparing emergency headquarters in Fuenfkirchen to be highly 
not answering the purpose. The inevitable becoming known of this kind 
of precaution Just new would arise extremely unfavorable reactions on 
the Balkans, 



IV. Heport of the Chief of Mine Warfare Section. Operations Division. 
Naval Staff 

a* on coastal mine A production 

-37*- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
26 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

The Commander in Chief, Navy orders further inquiries at the Group 
West whether the production might not "begin in Le Havre "before 30 Apr. 

"b. on British ground mines (way of operation, property etc.) 



V. The Chief of Naval Intelligence Division. Naval Staff: 

According to report of the ambassador v. Papen, a discussion between 
the Turkish ambassador in Moscow and Molotov is to have taken place 
on 29 Feb, Molotov is said to have requested the ambassador to inform 
his government that the Soviet Union would have no more interests at 
all in Turkey' 3 sharing in the war. Besides this, the negotiations 
for prolongation of the Turkish - Russian Friendship Agreement which 
will have expired on 7 Nov. 19^5 are to be concluded in Ankara. 

Thoroughly informed circles believe that Turkey would have pledged 
herself to support a Russian large scale landing operation in Bulgaria. 

Copy of the report as per l/Skl. 9427/^ GKdos. in War Diary Part e 
Volume XIV a. 



VI. Army Situation: 

The following is understood from Radiogram of the Admiral Black Sea 
to Group South: 

"1. After having succeeded in withdrawing the 6th and 8th Armies 
across the Bug-River, the Army is hoping to hold the lower Bug posi- 
tion though only little heavy equipment has been salvaged and the 
troops were very warworn. Between the 8th Army and the 1st Panzer 
Army there is existing a large gap in which the enemy pushed through 
and has moved inwards to the South. Counter measures are going on, 
after the mobilization the Romanians are forming up on the "Sereth". 
If the measures against the enemy advancing towards South would be 
effective and thereby would eliminate the danger for Odessa seems 
still to be quite questionable, 

2. For a new time the Army, (Headquarter) 17 got the order to hold 
the Crimea. Because reinforcements and replacements for casualties can 
not be supplied no more, the High Command, Army refused the request of 
the A.rmy (Headquarters) 17 for mopping up the Sivash beachhead. There- 
with the enemy has the opportunity after furnishing the dam across the 
Sivash to start the attack on Crimea from this bridgehead with large 
forces. At first, no tokens revealing large scale attacks were at hand. 



-375- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
26 Mar. 1944 

Sunday 

The enemy attacks of the last day on the northern and eastern front 
showed no great penetrating -cower . Therefore at present the Army/ 
Headquarters 17 judges the situation on Crimea very confidently, all 
the more since good stocks especially of ammunition and supply of 
army forces had "been carried "by the transport performances of the 
last months. 



Special Items 

I. It is understood from a Radiogram of the Admiral Black Sea to the 
Group South that in accordance with Intelligence report Romanian cir- 
cles at this time are expressing the expectation that in event of Ger- 
man seizure of power in Romania accounting to the Hungarian pattern 
the plan would exist to withdraw the Romanian naval forces from German 
seizure under leadership of the Admiral Macellariu. 

With all reservation, the Naval Staff sends this message for informa- 
tion to the Armed Forces High Command, Operations Staff, Navy. 

The Admiral Black Sea adopted precautionary measures that for the next 
time the attitude of the Romanians would "be observed more intensively. 
He plans to visit Constanta and Bukarest and the Admiral Macellariu 
and Georges cu in the week from 3 Apr. 

Nothing has to he arranged "by the Naval Staff. 



II. At 1246 on 26 Mar. the following wireless message of the Naval 
Liaison Officer attached to the Army Group A to the Group South was 
read with: 

"The situation of the Army Group A seems so much endangered to me 
that one may count soon on 

1. the withdrawal of Bug positions 

2. the evacuation of Crimea." 

Hereto the Commanding General Group South radioed to the Admiral Black 
Sea: 

In case the operation described in Radiogram 1246/95 Naval Liaison 
Officer Army Group A should "become reality, the Croup South and the 
Admiral Black Sea would stand "before a decisive and important task 
"because all would depend on leading hack the retrievable personnel 
and materiel too, with losses the few as possible. The reflections 

-376- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
26 Mar, 19^ 

and preparation for that going deeply into details have to he started 
with the greatest possible responsibility. Also, in this decisive 
operation the successful fighting of the Admiral Black Sea in his area 
up to now will prove true for a new time. 



III. In addition to the report of the Naval Command Norway concern- 
ing the weakening of the anti-aircraft defense of Xristiansand South 
the Ouartermaster Division, Naval Staff advises the Commander in 
Chief, Air Force Operations Staff that with all understanding for the 
distressed conditions of the Air Force the weakening of the anti- 
aircraft defense Kristiansand is thought to be a very serious matter 
because of the importance of the convoy traffic and supply to all the 
services in Norway. 



IV. By order of the Air Force, Operations Staff, the ship anti- 
aircraft artillery group 1/196 has been subordinated with immediate 
effect as to operational matters to the Commanding General Air Force, 
Denmark, who according to that has to take over the convoy defence in 
the Skagerrak for the Commanding Admiral Defenses Baltic in full 
responsibility. This directive of the Air Force, Operations Staff 
has been created without participation of the Naval Staff only by 
reason of interior discussions between the 5th Air Force, Naval Group 
North/Fleet and the Shipborne anti-aircraft group. After examination 
of the possibilities given at present the Naval Staff sees the only 
way for reducing the losses in tonnage at the convoy routes at the 
southern Norwegian coast which are increasing to an unbearable extent, 
in transferring the operational part of the shipborne anti-aircraft 
squadron 1/196 to an airfield of southwestern Norway and in operation- 
al subordination under the 5th Air Force. The task of these planes 
would be, the convoy escort and submarine hunting in the inner coastal 
forwarded area of southwestern Norway according to the directives of 
the Naval Command Norway. Within the given situation the Naval Staff 
is expressively renouncing escort cover for submarines between Oslo 
and Denmark. The Air Force, Operations Staff is requested to limit or 
suspend the operational subordination of the I/196 under the Command- 
ing General, Air Force in Denmark to adequate degree and to order the 
directive for execution of the transfer of the operational part of the 
1/196 squadron as well as forward relevant operational directive to 
the 5th Air Force. Copy of the draught l/Skl I L 92hQ/kk GKdos in War 
Diary Part C Volume V. 



Situation 26 March 19^ 

-377- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
26 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

I. War in Foreign Waters 

Nothing to report. 



II. Situation West Area 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group were 7, at the 19th Group were h$ planes detected 
over the outer Gulf of Biscay up to 18° West, at the Azores Squadrons 
3 planes were detected. 

Six British vessels were located in the rendez-vous area. 

At 0725 our own air reconnaissance sighted two small what were thought 
to he war vessels on course 60° 160 miles west of Brest. 



2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

One mine each was swept off Lorient, off Brest, off St. Nazaire and 
off Bayonne. Owing to suspected ground mines, the Gironde mouth is 
"blocked. 

Three leaving and three entering submarines were escorted. 

At 1102, the minesweeper subdivision escorting the entering submarine 
U "390" was attacked with gunfire in low level flight by six Mosquito 
planes 40 miles southwest of St. Nazaire. By anti-aircraft fire at 
2000 meter range the attacking planes shoved off • No damage was 
inflicted. 



Channel Area: 

During the night of 25 Mar. the 38th Minesweeping Flotilla shortly 
was engaged with enemy PT-hoats NE of Dunkerque which were lying 
stopped presumably met in executing minesweeping duties. Battle 
brief report see Radiogram 0710. 

The Convoy BROKING was continued from Le Havre to Dieppe, kt 0202 
the escort forces were shortly engaged with enemy PT and gun boats 
west of Dieppe. 



-378- CONFIDENTIAL 



r 



• 



% 



CONFIDENTIAL 
26 Mar, 1944 

Sunday 

Further continuation of the convoy from Dieppe to Dunkerque is planned 
for midnight of 27 Mar. 

The "boats of the 2nd, 4th and 8th PT-boat Flotillas operating on 
British convoy channels at the southeast coast were engaged with enemy 
destroyers which partially fought the boats "by means of location. 
Therefore our own attacks remained unsuccessful. Noticeable casualties 
and damages did not occur. Brief report see Radiogram 1840. 

On the evening of 25 Mar. the 4th and 5th Torpedo-boat Flotillas plan- 
ted the barrage N 24 as planned. At 0100 of 26 Mar. the boats entered 
Le Havre. During the night of 26 Mar. torpedo operation of the 5th 
and 9th PT-hoat Flotillas against easthound convoys in Lyme-Bay is 
planned from Cherbourg. 

The Commander PT-boats reports continuous air raids on Ymuiden from 
1300 - 1500. Presumably the main target was the PT-boat pens. The 
new construction pen was hit. The PT-boats S tt 93" and S n 129" lying 
outside of the pen were annihilated. Casualties of personnel did not 
occur. 

From 1740 the Wuerzburg location sets installed at the coast from 
Cherbourg to Gravel ines were intercepted by enemy radiation. Crush 
suppression precautions were introduced. 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters 

North Sea 

Escort minesweeping and patrol duties were executed as planned. 
Three mines were swept in the Heligoland Bight, two mines were swept 
off Ymuiden. Up to now, no observations were reported by the boats 
which were employed in surveying the east edge of the declared area. 

The convoy 488 Elbe - Hook has been- executed. One convoy with 8 500 
BRT was executed in the Zuider Sea. 

In addition to the heavy air raid on Ymuiden was reported that the 
completed pens only inflicted small craters up to 40 cm depth of 
penetration of projectile. The breakdown of materiel and construc- 
tion tools at the new construction of pens was very serious. The 
PT-boats pier has been fully destroyed. Presumably, putting out to 
sea may be blocked at low tide. Besides of the two annihilated PT- 
boats four harbor defense boats, one floating torpedo battery and 
several boats were sunk. Further vessels had been damaged. The 
fitting-out depot and the mining and barrage command are destroyed. 



-379- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
26 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

The storehouse of equipment is annihilated. Furthermore, the machin- 
ery for the radio "beacon and the hall of fi3hing has "been destroyed. 
In the naval sector twelve men were killed in action and three ones 
were reported to "be seriously wounded. Up to now six planes were 
shot down certainly and three more presumably may he shot down. 



Norway. Northern Waters 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 18th Group 22 planes were detected over the central North Sea 
and off the Norwegian coast in the area of Stadlandet. 



2. Own Situation: 

On 2k Mar. four enemy planes attacked the Kiberg-battery with bombs 
and gunfire without inflicting any damage. On the evening of 25 Mar. 
one lorry-platoon of the Air Force was surprisingly attacked in the 
area of Vadsoe. Six soldiers captured and taken off one was killed 
in action. 

Thereby six northbound and 19 southbound ships were escorted. 

The battleship TIRPITZ is reporting readiness for sailing presumably 
up to 7 Apr. with two propellers, two turbines driven and one Diesel 
power station without the auxiliary boiler, from 8 Apr. presumably 
with three propellers and the same power stations. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 

1, Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 

2. Own Situation: 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances 26 boats, in the Baltic 20 boats and eight 
minesweeping planes were engaged in mine sweeping. On 26 March two 
mines were swept in the Kiel Bay. With 25 Mar. sweeping of another 
mine in Fehmarn Belt is reported. 

On the afternoon of 25 Mar. the steamer R0THSNF2LS (7 800 BET) ran 
aground south of Korsoer. 

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CONFIDENTIAL 
26 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

East of Roedvik the Finnish steamer MARGAR3TE 1560 BRT was rammed by 
a Swedish steamer and sunk. 

In the whole area of the Baltic Sea and in Norway convoys were exe- 
cuted as planned and without incidents, * 

With the commander-boat and six boats, the 24th Landing Flotilla is 
proceeding from Swinemuende to Pillau. 

Owing to weather conditions, netlaying in the Gulf of Finland has 
been suspended. 

Owing to ramming with a tug, the netlayer "1" was slightly damaged 
and entered Tallinn for repairs. 

The defense of Narva Bay has been carried out by minesweepers and 
patrol boats as planned. Owing to weather conditions, armed fishing 
vessels and artillery ferry barges had been restrained in Aseri. The 
vessels were continuously exposed to serious air raid and suffered 
casualties. Two planes were shot down. Also near Tyters and at the 
coast of Aseri very busy enemy air activity with bombing and gunfire 
against our own naval forces was reported. 



V. Submarine Warfare 

The submarine U "262" sighted two destroyers in AK 3925. 

The submarine U "218" executed minelaying operation off Port Castries. 
Owing to defense the task off Trinidad has not been achieved. The 
boat is planning to plant further two MTA's* off St. Juan and Puerto- 
Rico. 

Otherwise nothing to report. 



VI. Aerial Warfare 

West Area; 

During the day, several hundred enemy planes penetrated into Belgium - 
Northern France. Heavy bombs were dropped in the area of Abbeville. 
The air raid in Ymuiden has already been reported. 

Near Beauvais ten locomotives and some wagons have been destroyed. 

-381- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
26 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

Some hundred fighters penetrated into the Dutch area while 350 four- 
engined planes with fighter cover attacked the railroad installations 
of Creil for a new time and damaged them and dropped bombs on Watten 
and on the naval fitting-out depot of Grenares. 

Some airfields in Western France were attacked with gunfire and high 
explosives. One hundred and fifty enemy planes dropped bombs on the 
cutting off position of Valogne. Some damage was inflicted. Some 
planes were damaged on airfields. 



Coming from the South, six fighters penetrated into the area of Mont- 
pell ier without attacking. 

During the night of 27 Mar. railway station and transportation 
installations in the Dutch - Belgian - Northern France area were 
attacked by rather strong groups. Presumably minelaying was carried 
out in Western France. 



Reich Territory: 

Approximately 30 four-engined planes coming from the South penetrated 
via Klagenfurt into the area of Ljubljana without executing attacks. 

During the night of 26 Mar. numerous places in the Bhenian - Westfal- 

ian industrial area concentrated on Essen were attacked by rather 

strong enemy air groups. In the Krupp-plant, medium-sized damage was / 

inflicted. Generally seen, the attack was very serious. No report 

has yet been submitted of our defense results during the whole day. 



JTranslated by Op-292A: 

Mediterranean Theater: 

On 25 Mar. weak enemy formations attacked Leghorn, Bologna and 
Florence. In the narrow area of the landing head 270 enemy aircraft 
were identified, the offensive activity of which continued to be hin- 
dered on account of weather conditions. 

Our own aircraft were utilized for reconnaissance. 

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CONFIDENTIAL 
26 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

Baa tern Area:. 

On the eastern front were reported on 25 Mar. 1153 of our own opera- 
tions and 310 enemy operations, "besides 5 of our own and 29 enemy 
losses. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea 

1. Area of the Naval Group West: 

Enemy Situation: 

At 1620 hours a large convoy of 9 tankers and 64 freighters with 4 cor- 
vettes ran through the Gibraltar-narrows into the Atlantic. At 1?00 
hours 11 vessels, among them one transport vessel, one auxiliary cruis- 
er, one n Cairo"-clas8 cruiser and others ran out of the Mediterranean 
into Gibraltar. 

Own Situation: 

No particular events TJ 

2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy 

Enemy Situation: 

Owing to "bad weather conditions in the entire Mediterranean, our own 
air reconnaissance was badly curtailed. During the night of 25 Mar. 
30 ships escorted by strong cover were detected by devices 15 miles 
west of Cape Circeo without any indication of course and speed: the 
German Naval Command Italy presumes they were newly arrived. 

In the area of Anzio - Nettuno, ship targets were successfully shelled 
"by our own Army artillery. 

At 0630 our own air reconnaissance sighted south of Nettuno twelve 
large landing craft, six merchantmen, one destroyer and six escort 
vessels with course to Anzio. Furthermore, busy unloading activities 
were observed in the harbor of Anzio. One big fighting ship was re- 
ported to be in the Gaeta Bay, one presumably cruiser was reported 
25 miles south of Ponza, and west of Anzio up to the area of Cape 
Circeo 25 destroyers were reported. 

Own Situation: 

An Italian PT-boat operating off Nettuno during the night of 24 March 

-383- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
26 Mar. 19^ 

Sunday 

was sunk "by enemy destroyers according to Radio Monitoring. Part of 
the crew was rescued. 

During the night of 24 Mar. the Air Force was laying mines in the 
area off the beachhead. 

On the afternoon of 26 Mar. one emerged enemy submarine shelled the 
harbor of Oneglia southwest of Genoa. The fire was replied. 

Owing to weather conditions, the execution of the minelaying operation 

Knick "by torpedohoats was postponed for a new time. The execution of 

the convoy and patrol duties also was curtailed. South of Vadar one 

barge ran aground. m 

According to the statements of returning Italian soldiers the sinking 
of the British mine cruiser ABDIEL hy striking a mine on 9 Sept. 19^3 
was confirmed. 

3. Area of the Naval Group South 

a. Adriatic: 

On the evening of 24 Mar. an enemy thrust against the harbor of Polace 
at Mljex carried out by two "boats was refused by our own occupation 
forces. Navigation Was curtailed owing to Bora-storms. 

On the afternoon of 24 Mar. the tanker LIGURIO was set afire "by enemy 
planes and has been totally annihilated. 

On 25 Mar. the enemy operating at Hvar has been repulsed to the west f 

by attacks of our own troops. 



h. Aegean : 

At 0959 the steamer GERTRDD was attacked "by an enemy submarine with 
quadruple spread misfire salvo in the Suda Bay. At 2030 the convoy 
GERTRUD arrived at Piraeus. 

According to report of the Naval Shore Commander Western Greece, one 
motor sailing ship heading west from which 20 British soldiers were 
taken prisoner and numerous weapons were captured, presumably sabotage 
troops was captured at 1130 on 25 Mar. off the southern tips of 
Kephalonia. 



-384- CONFIDENTIAL 



COIfflDSKTIA L 
26 Mar. 1944 

Sunday 

c. Black Sea: 

The Group South reports that the Romanian Secretary of the Navy has 
ordered that lighters up to now engaged in oversea supply flying the 
Romanian colors after having unloaded in Romania should not be reload- 
ed again and have to be out in operation for purposes of the Romanian 
mobilization. Therefore, the Group South doubts that by doing so 
25 000 tons monthly performances of lighter tonnage should be with- 
drawn from the supply and has arranged the required fact via the 
German General in Romania, 

The relief of the Special Operations Command 111 will be executed by 
the Group South with "Vorwaerts"-perconnel which has been got free in 
the area of the Admiral 31?.ck Sea. The replacement of the 1st Ltn. 
Jaeger is planned by the 1st Ltn. Schreiner available for further em- 
ployment who up to now belonged to the Danube-Flotilla, Otherwise 
no special events. 1 



VIII. Situation Eastern Asia 

By reason of the statements given by the Japanese Admiralty Staff the 
Naval Attache Tokyo reports that for redressing the threatening lack 
of ship tonnage the whole tonnage available at this time is employed 
almost entirely in iron and coal shipping from the South and from 
China as far as not needed for military purposes. The monthly capacity 
of new construction increased from 80 000 tons in the beginning of 19^3 
to 13 n 000 tons in the beginning of 1944, Up to the change of year, an 
increasing to 160 000 tons is hoped to be fulfilled. But especially 
the lack of workers and their malnutrition is aggravating the oroblem 
seriously. All shipments from the South except those for iron are 
executing only wooden ships the production of which is to be increased 
beyond 1 000 000 BRT in the year 1944, 

The losses by enemy action especially by submarines increased from the 
beginning of 1943 with a monthly average of 120 000 BRT to more than 
200 000 BRT in the beginning of 1944, Recently, in concentrating all 
defence weapons in one overseas-traffic defence Department under Admir- 
al Olkawa an essential falling off has been reached. Up to now, the 
losses during March are less than 40 000 BRT. 



-385- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
27 Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Importance 

On 26 Mar. Churchill was speaking over the radio. A large part of his 
arguments was concerned with innerpolitical resp. postwar problems. 
Summary is recapitulated in the Foreign Press Report No. 87/^*4 / 
appendix. Repetition that submarine danger was the greatest peril to 
Great Britain in this war. Conformably high would "be the satisfaction 
to have overcome this peril. And then reference to the warfare in the 
Far East. It would "be possible that the war in the Pacific Ocean 
would be developing faster as supposed up to now. A strong battle 
fleet under command of the Admiral Summerville would be operating in 
the Indian Waters in order to oppose the main force of the Japanese 
Fleet in the case that this one would turn to the west after having 
avoided battle against the Americans. Otherwise he would have the 
opinion that up to the collapse of Germany and Japan not as much time 
would pass as he would have supposed to be needed before one year ago. 

No indications could be drawn from the speech indicating that certain 
movements had begun to appear against the personality of Mr. Eden. 
Also sizable going into the British - Russian relations had been 
thoroughly avoided. According to an Exchange report there are certain 
disappointments within political and press-circles of Washington 
because of Churchill's speech in which one is missing his point of 
view on the acute political and strategical questions. 

The German ambassador reports on a discussion with Franco on 17 Mar. 
in the course of which this one declared on behalf of the second front: 

"The Caudillo is attaching particular importance to the following, 
strictly secret matters which allegedly he heard by absolutely reliable 
sources during the last days and of which he begged me to pass on as 
soon as possible. 

In December 19^3 Stalin would have claimed in Teheran that the large 
Anglo-Saxon attack against the European fortress would take place by 
the main thrust from the Atlantic against France as well by attendant 
actions against Norway and against the Balkans. This request of Stalin 
should be accepted by Roosevelt and Churchill; indeed, a precise moment 
for the beginning of the attack should not be settled but one had con- 
fined oneself to the formula: B as soon as possible. 11 During January 
19^4, the North American military Headquarters then came to the know- 
ledge that the Atlantic coast should be fortified far too much as one 
could risk the promised invasion. Therefore, the North-American 
Government then applied to the British and proposed to postpone the 
invasion of Europe at first. The British Government should have 
agreed with this proposal and both the Governments should have applied 
to the Soviet Government and forwarded their doubts against the invasion 
of Europe. But Stalin should have been very indignant at this attitude 

-386- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
27 Mar. 19^ 

of the British and North-American Governments and he is said to have 
informed the Central Officials in Moscow which according to his direc- 
tive had decided in the first days of February upon the fact not to 
insist on the absolute fulfillment of the promise of invasion given in 
Teheran. This conclusion should have been transmitted officially by 
the Soviet Government to the British and North American Governments 
during the days approximately around 7 Febr. with the supplement that 
the Soviet Government would take up her full free line of action again 
if the British and North American Governments would not execute imme - 
diately the invasion promised firmly . This Russian judgment is said 
to have evoked alarm in London and Washington and finally caused the 
consequence that the plans of invasion and that would be in the manner 
originally planned, that is to say main thrust against the Atlantic 
Front and attendant operations against Norway and the Balkans now 
would be started soon earnestly* The Caudillo said that this develop- 
ment on the military area had the consequences that the political and 
economical pressure of the Anglo-Americans imposed on Spain should have 
weakened essentially during the last three weeks; obviously the British 
and Americans would want to avoid an incidental conflict with Spain in 
the very moment when they are going to operate against the Atlantic 
fortification, a conflict they would have feared less in January, 
because then they would have been bent on avoiding the invasion. 



Conference on the Situation with the Commander in Chief. Navy 

I. Army Situation 

After returning from Headquarters A, the Liaison Officer gives the 
following judgment of the Operations Department of the Army General 
Staff: 

The Army Group South has been divided into three parts. The 1st Tank 
Army in the area north of Kamenez - Podolsk has nearly been enclosed. 
The plan of the Russians is to encircle the Army Group A with the 6th 
and 8th Armies by deep penetration beyond Jassy along both sides of 
the Pruth-River. Heavy frontal attacks are to be expected at the Bug 
River. Another very strong enemy Army Group will presumably advance 
from the area between Dubno and the Carpathian Mountains to the West, 
Aside from the political target of the capture of Lemberg, these for- 
ces may later on turn to the Northwest together with a strong group 
of forces in the area southeast of Brest in order to smash the Army 
Group Center by means of a large scale offensive in direction to Brest, 
But besides this, the threatening of the Army Group North by an enemy 
offensive to be expected from the area Nevel - Peipus - Lake in direc- 
tion to Riga will remain. At the Finnish Front tokens of farthest 



-387- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
27 Mar. In- 
going enemy preparations are revealing for dividing the Army of Lapp- 
land and in separating it from the Finnish Front by an attack from 
the Kandalaksha Front in direction to the Gulf of Finland. 

According to opinion of the Operations Department the Army Group A 
has to he withdrawn under immediate evacuation of Crimea behind the 
Dniester River. Thereby Odessa must be held as bridgehead. But 
for long Odessa cannot be defended and development would pass beyond 
all desires of that kind. The forces getting free therewith are to 
be employed between Dniester River and Carpathian Mountains. Now in 
the middle of the Southern Front one has to withdraw to the Carpathian 
Mountains. The 1st Tank Army receives the order to break through to 
the West. In the area of Lemberg, one of our own task forces (divi- 
sions from the West and the Balkans) will be concentrated. Coming 

from the area around Brest, one of our own counter-offensive opera- ("^ 

tions formed with weak forces is starting to win the Stochod sector." 

II. The Chief of Naval Intelligence Division. Naval Staff reports on 
the speech of Mr. Churchill. 

Otherwise no particular reports and decisions. 

Special Items 

I. In regard to the war-decisive importance of the control of the 

Baltic Sea, the Commander in Chief, Navy set up a short memorandum 

on the importance of the Narva position for the entire warfare and 

sent it to the Armed Forces High Command Operations Staff, Navy, 

the Admiral attached to the Fuehrer Headquarters, the Naval Liaison 

Officer to the High Command, Army/Army General Staff, the Commander 

in Chief, Air Fore e/Operat ions Staff, Operations Branch, Naval 

Liaison. Copy as per 1 Skl./950/^4 Gkdos. Chefs, in War Diary, Part (W 

C, Volume III. 

In summary, the memorandum is concluding as follows: 

"Abandoning the Narva position would bring up considerable set-backs 
to the entire warfare, because, in threatening the Baltic Sea: 

1. The supply of the Army at the Northern Front and its flanks 
at the coast would be endangered. 

2. Further standing of Finland in the war would be questionable. 

3. The economical utilization of Northern Europe especially the 
supply of the Ordnance industries with iron-ore would be endangered. 

4. The submarine warfare against the Anglo-Americans would be 
seriously endangered. 

-388- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
27 Mar. 19^ 

Therefore it must "be the aim of the German warfare to hold the Narva 
position at any rate." 

II. On 16 Mar. the Commanding General of the Army Group North exe- 
cuted a map manoeuvre in Tallinn with authoritative headquarters of 
the Navy and Air Force and the Commanding General of the Army Group 
Narva and with the Commander of the Shore Defense Baltic Sea on the 
possibility of a Russian landing operation at the Esthonian coast. 
The Commander of the Naval War Academy participated as representa- 
tive of the Navy. The Army Group North conveyed the experiences 
which have revealed for the Services. Copy of relevant writing as 
per 1 Ski 888/44 Gkdos Chefs in document 1. Ski I op VI., 2nd Volume 
3. Evaluation has begun. 

Supplementary to this report, the Commander in Chief, Navy reports to 
the Fuehrer with copy to the Commanding General of the Army Group 
North: 

"1. For the next time, the Navy sees its first task in the Baltic 
Sea in blocking the Gulf of Finland, thus avoiding a breaking through 
of the Russian Fleet at any rate. To obtain this aim, the reinforce- 
ment of the "Seeigel" barrage system is starting at this time and will 
be executed as soon as the ice would have melted far enough. For sur- 
veying the barrage system and for fighting Russian landing attempts in 
the Narva Bay, the Commander Minesweepers East has at his immediate 
disposal except his own forces (minesweepers, patrol boats and artil- 
lery ferry barges) the destroyers available in the area of Tallinn (at 
this time three ones) and PT-boats (eight). Beyond this, immediate 
concentration of cruisers which are ready for war of the Training Unit 
(at this time SCHEER, PRINZ EUGEN, NUERNBERG, EMDEN changing in the 
course of summer, LUETZOW, HIPPER, ZOELN) is planned from the area of 
Gotenhafen/Libau as well of the torpedo-boats being engaged in submar- 
ine training of the 2nd and 3rd Torpedo-boat Flotillas in event of a 
rupture or landing attempt. 

2. In case that nevertheless the Russian is to be breaking 
through with rather strong forces into the Baltic Sea, it has been 
planned owing to the particular importance of the Baltic Sea, to send 
out the cruisers of the Training Unit and the cover forces required 
for them against the Russian Fleet, all the more since the employment 
of these ships against an invasion operation does not prove any success, 
In this case moreover, all submarines ready for action would be with- 
drawn from the Training Flotillas for operation in the Baltic Sea. 

3. Order has been issued for production of 8000 coastal mines for 
minelaying at the landing areas on the Esthonian coast. But minelaying 
will not be accomplished up to 1 May. 



-389- CONFI DENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
27 Mar. 19^4 

4. Reinforcements of the artilleristic shore defense onl7 can "be 
executed with the cost to other areas." 

The Group North/Fleet, the Naval Command Baltic 3ea f the Admiral Bal- 
tic Countries and the Commander Minesweepers Baltic Sea will be 
informed. Copy of the draught 1 Ski. 9^3/44 Gkdos. Chefsache in War 
Diary Part C Volume III. 

III. Concerning Hungary, the Armed Forces Operations Staff, Navy 
reports in the information on the situation that owing to the develop- 
ment of the situation at the Eastern Front the Hungarian area east of 
the Thisca-River has "been declared operational area under German 
Command. The German Commanding General in the operational area of 
Eastern Hungary is the General von Both. For uniform command of the 
supply in the whole Hungarian area, a Quartermaster General, Hungary 
has been appointed, who will "be subordinated under the Armed Forces 
Attache. 

Romania and Hungary had been informed of the necessity of this deci- 
sive precaution with regard to the situation in the East, The aim 
is, to stop the Russian under effort of all forces and to line up a 
new closed front. Five divisions will "be transferred to the Army 
Group South, two of them SS-tank divisions from the West Area. The 
Hungarian Carpathian-Divisions will be advanced to the East. Hun- 
garian Divisions which will withdraw from full operational employment 
and cooperation will be disarmed. 

The Group South and the Quartermaster Division, Naval Staff were in- 
formed "by the Operations Division, Naval Staff. 

IV. In a crusative Radiogram to the Armed Forces High Command, Opera- 
tions Staff, Navy, the Naval Staff is conveying its opinion of the cap- 
ture of the enemy "bases of Lissa and Lagosta for the whole situation 
on the East coast of the Adriatic. Copy 1 Ski la 913/44 Gkdos. Chef- 
sache in War Diary Part C, Volume XIV. The Naval Staff requests the 
Armed Forces High Command to examine the possibility of temporary rein- 
forcements of the forces of the Commanding General Armed Forces South- 
East and specially of the Air Force Command South East for purpose 

of capturing Lissa. 

V. The Group West reports, that according to the report of the Com- 
mander of the 5th Torpedoboat Flotilla for a new time since Christmas, 
the Commanding Officers of CONDOR, GREIF and JAGUAR would "be changed 
and are to be replaced by officers who have not at all or only a short 
termed training time as watch-keepers on torpedoboat s. Therefore the 
Group has decided despite imminent threatening of landing operations 
in the Channel and therefore in contrary to the operative necessities 
to transfer the flotilla during the period of full moon in April for 



-390- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
27 Mar. 19^ 

executing exercises to the West coast. The Group is asking for more 
steady situation in officer appointments as executed up to now within 
the naval units of the Commander Torpedo-boats in the West Area. The 
Operations Division, Naval Staff has arranged the assessment of the 
Commander destroyers who disavowed the report of the 5th Torpedo-boat 
Flotilla because the operational flotillas in the West Area are 
treated with priority by the Commander, Destroyers. 

The Group North/Fleet agrees with the Croup West that the training 
would be highly impaired by the frequent changes of officers and 
refers in contrary to the efforts of the Fleet Command and of the 
Commander, Destroyers to the necessity of calling up new torpedo- 
boats units in the Mediterranean as well as to the manning of new 
constructions. Since September 19^3* 16 posts had been newly appoin- 
ted for Commanding Officers, thereof eleven in the Mediterranean. Up 
to now, torpedo-boats being in operation are still in a much favorable 
position than the 2nd and 3rd Torpedo-boat Flotillas. For a new time 
the experiences are confirming the necessity to form up the trainings 
flotillas requested by the Fleet and the Commander, Destroyers and 
the torpedo-boats and destroyers manning detachments. 

71. Records of the session with the Commander in Chief, Navy concern- 
ing the torpedo-boat 44 resp. the supply submarines and transport sub- 
marines contains the War Diary Part B, Volume V as per 1 Ski a 9464-/44- 
Ckdos resp. 8514/44 Gkdos. 

VII. The submarine Division transmitted the following answer for the 
Naval Attache Tokyo on his request from 12 Mar. concerning "Zaunkoenig"' 
torpedo* and "Fatalist."* 

"1. The Fa T-torpedo* is known to the Japanese. The MARCO POLO II 
will be equipped with some Fat- torpedoes.* 

2. Regarding the "Zaunkoenig" the Commander in Chief, Navy con- 
firmed the general directing that only that development of weapons of 
this war would be made known to the allies of which the employment 
promises success in this war. The successful utilization of the 
"Zaunkoenig"* by the Japanese would not be possible because the tor- 
pedo would not be tropically fit. Besides this, the delivery would 
not be possible owing to difficulties in production. Therefore the 
Commander in Chief, Navy decided that information of the Japanese is 
not allowed. The success against enemy destroyers is to be explained 
with the zig-zagging device* as far as this would come into question. 
In answering questions on sound equipment in the torpedo, there may be 
said that we, just as all Navies are doing, concern ourselves with the 
problem but did not reach results which were promising good success. 

The above-mentioned regulations applying for the information of the 
Japanese Naval Attache in Germany also apply for the German Naval 
Attache in Japan. 

-391- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
27 Mar. 19^ 

3. Report whe^e the knowledge there on the name "Zaunkoenig"* is 
coming from. n 

Situation 27 March lW 

I. War in Foreign Waters 

Nothing to report. 



II. Situation West Area 

At the 15th Group were 15 at the 19th Group were 53 planes over the 
outer Biscaya at the Azores Squadrons one plane was detected. 

Six British vessels were located in the rendez-vous area. 

Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast 

Two mines were swept in the area of Lorient. At 0917 the mine- 
exploding vessels "3" and "175" struck ground mines off La Pallice. 
Aboard the mine-exploding vessel "175" casualties were suffered. 

Two entering submarines were escorted. At 0915 one group of four 
"boats of the 44 th Mine sweeping Flotilla which entered escorting two 
submarines, were attacked "by seven Mosquito-planes with gunfire and 
"bombs off La Pallice. Our own fire of defence prevented an effective 
attack, one plane was observed to "be shot down. Only unimportant 
damage and casualties occurred at the minesweepers. Brief report see 
Radiogram 1510. 

At 0924 the mine-exploding vessel in leaving La Pallice was evidently 
attacked by the same planes. By gunfire casualties occurred. Brief 
report see Radiogram 2111. Just so, the mine exploding vessel "3" 
was attacked in vain by the seven Mosquito planes at 0917 both the 
mine exploding vessels reached La Pallice-roads by own power in spite 
of damages inflicted by heavy mine hits. Brief report Mine-exploding 
Vessel "3" see Radiogram 2110. 

Channel Area 

Owing to bad weather, the torpedo operation of the 5th and 9th PT-boat 
Flotilla during the night of 26 Mar. was suspended. 

-392- CONFIDENTIAL 



cer- 



CONFIDENTIAL 
27 Mar. 19^ 

At midnight of 26 Mar. the convoy BROMBERG left Dieppe but was 
recalled because the entering of Dunkerque before dawn was not 
tain; at 0^30 the convoy entered Dieppe again. 

One mine was swept west of Nieuport, During the night of 27 Mar. the 
laying of 360 buoys with anti sweep^ cutter by the 4-th and 5th Torpedo 
boat Flotilla is planned in BF 363^ lower left corner and 3633 upper 
right corner. A.t 2100 the Flotillas left Le Havre. 

At 0230 the 2nd, 4th, 8th PT-boat Flotillas left the Dutch bases in 
order to cut off and eventually to capture enemy PT-boats from lurk- 
ing position. 

III. North Sea. Northern Waters. Norway 

North Sea: 

Escort-patrol and minesweeping duties were executed as planned. Thir- 
teen mines were swept in the Heligoland Bight and five ones off the 
Dutch coast. 

Owing to mine detonation, the harbor defense vessel DC w 24 n sprung a 
leak and was towed in to Cuxhaven. 

Owing to mine, the harbor defense boat DW "32 M sunk. 

In the morning hours of 27 Mar. the whale*-group sailing ahead from 
the convoy were attacked by enemy motor torpedoboats from lurking 
position. Owing to defense fire, the enemy shoved off, slight damage 
and light casualties occurred aboard patrolboat "2016". At 1930 the 
convoy 1235 Hook - Elbe-River started proceeding from Helder. North 
of Wangerooge the mine exploding vessel "29" was slightly damaged by 
mine detonation. The ship remains ready for action. 

Four convoys with approximately 46 000 BRT were executed in the Zuider 
Sea and in the Zealand Waters. 

Norway. Northern Waters 

Enemy Situation: 

At the 18th Group, five planes were detected in missions in the morn- 
ing and two planes in the evening. 

According to aerial photographic reconnaissance of 25 Mar. 21 steam- 
ers with approximately 120 000 BRT, one destroyer, one submarine, one 
minelayer were lying in Murmansk. 



-393- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
27 Mar. 19^ 

According to Intelligence report, one steamer of 10 000 BUT and two 
steamers of 55 OoO BET with three escort-vessels entered Reykjavik on 
the 22 Mar, 

In the same harbor, a new bomber formation was reported to be arrived 
during the night of 23 Mar. 

The landing and fetching of about 50 soldiers who surprisingly 
attacked a long column of the Air Force at the Polar Coast (see War 
Diary 15 Mar.) was executed by three boats. 

Own Situation: 

On 26 Mar. unimportant enemy penetration was recognized in the area 
of Petsamo-Banak. Off Vadsoe a well-preserved Russian AT-Mine* was 
swept by a group of motor minesweepers. 

On the afternoon of 26 Mar. a submarine telescope was sighted south 
of Lister. Two beaufighter planes were flying west of Floroey. 

Thirty-three northbound and 27 southbound ships were escorted. 

The Naval Command Norway reports the plan to block the narrows at 
Sandtogstrammen in the Tjeldsound by ground mines in event of A-case 
in order to defend the area of Narvik after enemy penetration may 
have occurred in the area of Harstad. Requirements of blocking 
materiel ten RMA* or RMH.* 

In principle, the Naval Staff approved of the minelaying intention 
and allotted ten LMB* with firing unit MA 2 and rolling cover. Owing 
to conditions of currents, the RMA* and owing to too simple firing 
unit the RMH* are less suited for this task. 

IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 

Enemy Situation: 

According to Radio Intelligence, striking busy Radio communications 
were observed between Kronstsdt and Lavensari. 

Own Situation; 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances 28 boats, in the Baltic Sea 20 boats and 
15 minesweeping planes were engaged in minesweeping. Six mines were 
swept in Fehmarn Sound and in the Kiel Bay. 

Owing to mine hit off Kjelsuor, the steamer SPREE (2867 BRT) had to 
be set aground south of Langeland. On the channel 28, cypher 1-3 
compulsory escort was introduced for vessels of more than 1000 BRT. 

-39^- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFI D ENTIAL 
27 Mar. 19^ 

In the whole area of the Baltic Sea, convoys were executed as planned 
and without incidents. 

No particular incidents were reported from the area of the Commander 
Minesweepers Hast. 

On the evening of 26 Mar. the Admiral Baltic States reported enemy 
air raids on Dorpat without damage in port area. 

On 26 Mar. at the Army Group Narva, the 11th and 227th Infantry Divi- 
sions were "breaking through strong enemy positions after strong artil- 
lery preparations and cut off Westsack. Counter-attacks of forces 
brought forward were also repulsed against Ostsack. 

At the 16th Army soon enemy attack is expected. At the 18th Army a 
four km deep penetration at the 15th Latvian SS-Division was cut off. 

South of Pskov, enemy preparations of attacks were observed. 



V. Submarine Warfare 

Enemy Situation; 

According to Radio Monitoring, increased convoy traffic on the Atlantic 
North-Route was recognized since 20 February. Since this time, two 
convoys sailing always from the USA to Great Britain were detected with 
various Radio names which are leaving New York approximately at the 
same time. The convoys are estimated to be the HX-convoy resp. the A- 
part of the HX-convoy. 

Own Situation: 

In the Indian Ocean the submarine U "510, w being on delayed return to 
Penang, sunk three steamers with altogether 18000 BRT and one freight 
sailing ship. 

On 2k March the Submarine U "168" with the crew of the BRAKE aboard 
arrived at Batavia. 

The shifting of the enemy tactics of attack against incoming and out- 
going submarines from free sea area towards coastal areas where the 
boats are compelled to proceed emerged demands for reinforcement of 
our own convoy escort and fighter cover. The 10th Air Corps applies 
for reinforcement of the ZG 1 (destroyer squadron) by one squadron of 
JU "88" type planes. The request is urgently supported by the Sub- 
marine Division, Naval Staff. 



-395- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
27 Mar, 19^ 

VI. Aerial Warfare 

West Area 

During the day, several 100 enemy penetrations were reported into the 
area of Ostende - Le Treport in Belgium - Northern Prance. There were 
no raids. 

Approximately 90 enemy penetrations were reported in Western France. 
A convoy entering Isle d'Oleron was attacked with gunfire "by one plane. 
The plane was shot down. 

70 planes attacked the city and airfield of Chartres. 

In the afternoon, several 100 Fortresses with strong fighter cover 
were sent out to attack numerous towns and airfields in Northern and 
Western France. Details see situation of the day. 

Fourteen of our own planes were destroyed, others more or less des- 
troyed. One hundred and eleven of our own fighters were in operation 
which succeeded in shooting down two planes. Anti-aircraft artillery 
shot down four other planes. 

During the night of 22 Mar. only few enemy penetrations were reported 
from the West Area. One hundred and thirty-nine of our own planes 
were sent out to attack Bristol. One hundred and sixteen of them 
reached their target; thirteen planes were lost. 

Reich Territory; 

During the day and the night, only penetrations of isolated planes 
took place. In the evening, some bombs were dropped in the Rhinish- 
Westfalian industrial district. 

Mediterranean Theater 

On 26 Mar 18 JTJ "88" laid mines in the area off the "beachhead. In the 
front area the enemy operated with 360 planes in supplying ground 
fighting and in destroying the supply routes. 

Otherwise transportation installations and airfields in Central and 
Northern Italy were attacked "by weak forces. 

Two reconnaissance planes coming from the Russian area penetrated up 
to the Danube-delta and Constanta, 

Mediterranean Theater. 

On 27 Mar. some planes executed reconnaissance flights in the central 
Mediterranean. 

-396- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
27 Mar. 19^ 

Eastern Area; 

At the Eastern Front 1558 own and 785 enemy missions were counted on 
the 27 Mar. with eight of our own and ^9 enemy planes lost. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea 

1. Area of the Naval Group West: 

Enemy Situation: 

At 08^5 one convoy consisting of 31 freighters and light escort ves- 
sels passed Ceuta on course to the Mediterranean. 

Own Situation: 

One netlaying tender was escorted off the French South Coast. Other- 
wise no particular events were reported. 

2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy 

Enemy Situation: 

At 0635 one cruiser, one transport, 20 freighters and 15-20 landing- 
craft were observed in the Bight of Anzio. Approaching convoys were 
escorted "by minesweepers. Minesweeping was ohserved. One destroyer 
and three to four patrol vessels operated as cover forces. Our own 
air reconnaissance sighted three destroyers heading north in CJ 9^72 
at the northern coast of Sicily. 

Aerial photographic reconnaissance detected two cruisers thereof one 
lying in the dock, two destroyers, one escort vessel, one patrol boat, 
two LST's, eight LCT's, eight freighters, lying in the harbor of 
Palermo. In Trapani there were no ships. In Marsalla the ships could 
not he recognized. 

Own Situation: 

Owing to weather conditions, the convoy and patrol duties were tem- 
porarily curtailed. During the night of 27 Mar. no minesweeping was 
carried out on our own barrages. Toward noon one of our own convoys 
was attacked by enemy fighter bombers off Cattolica. One tanker barge 
stranded. 

In the gunfire on the harbor of Oneglia on 26 Mar. which was executed 
by an enemy submarine, the tanker MATRA (5011 BET) was damaged. 

With reference to the nights' getting shorter and shorter and the in- 
creasing aerial danger, the German Naval Command Italy applies for 
both a combined operation battalion equipped with vessels in order to 
reach the ports Civitavecchia and San Benedetto which are situated 
farther to the South. 



-397- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
27 Mar. 19^ 

The Coastal Defense Branch, Quartermaster Division, Naval Staff took 
over further arrangements, 

3. Area of the Naval Group South 

a. Adriatic; 

The submarine chaser "205" which escorted combined operations boats 
from Zara to Sibenic was annihilated by enemy fighter bomber raid in 
Sibenic. In the raid of 1^ fighter bombers, the motor minesweeper 
R M 191" burned out and was totally lost. The motor minesweeper 
R H 188 H was seriously and the motor minesweeper R "190" was slightly 
damaged. In Corcula two Inf. -boats were annihilated by air raid. 

No reports were submitted on the situation of Hvar. 

In addition to the above mentioned losses, the Admiral Adriatic reports 
that by that all vessels of 11th Coast Patrol Force being ready for 
action at this time were annihilated and the whole command area Adria- 
tic is exposed of patrol vessels. The breakdowns are underlining - 
thus is reporting the Admiral Adriatic - for a new time the knowledge 
ever repeated and reported that no successful sea warfare in the 
Adriatic could be urged without sufficient fighter forces and that 
in consequence of that sea transportation will be stopped. 

The Naval Staff informed the Armed Forces High Command, Operations 
Staff, Navy of this matter and remarks that the report of the Naval 
Group South saying that with the naval forces being available opera- 
tions could be executed against Lissa in case that the required air 
forces would be disposed now would be very questionable. But how- 
ever, it would be possible to prepare vessels now being out of war 
readiness in such a manner that they would be at disposal in right 
time and in suitable number. 

b. Aegean: 

At 0300 on 26 Mar. an enemy attempt of commander raid against the 
isle of Tilo north of Rhodes was repulsed. According to statement 
of one escaped partisan (Greece ships owner) in total 15 motor sail- 
ing ships thereof three Armed Forces vessels were captured by parti- 
sans and brought to Hermione. There the sailing ships were pillaged. 

c. Black Sea: 

Approximately 90 miles east of Constanta one enemy submarine was 
located. Our own air reconnaissance sighted four pontoons and 38 
boats in the Bug-estuary south of Nicolaev, In Kerch-Strait3 t ferry 
traffic was observed protected by artificial smoke screen. 

During the night of 27 Mar. the patrol line in Kerch-Straits off 
Eligen was shelled by enemy artillery. No damage and break-down was 
reported. 



-398- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
27 Mar. 19^ 

On 22 and 26 Mar. the submarine U "2k n shelled railway trains on the 
Caucasian coast and recognized hits. The convoy LOLA was attacked in 
vain off Cape San Georghe by enemy submarine. Owing to weather con- 
ditions, the submarine chasing could not be maintained. 

The submarine U "20" returned from war cruise to Constanta. 



VIII. Situation Eastern Asia 
Nothing to report. 



-399- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
28 Mar. 19^+ 

Items of Political Importance: 

In the British Press, the question of Mr. Eden's resignation was dis- 
cussed, to whom too much yielding towards Russia and the U.S. was 
reproached. The surprising speed of the Russians suddenly gave promi- 
nence to apprehension which arose from unsolved differences of opinion 
concerning the future confirmation of matters in reference to Russia 
as well as to the U.S. According to a source of the Intelligence Divi- 
sion especially valued trustworthy, "best informed political and mili- 
tary circles of London were busy in discussing the question if a speedy 
start of the invasion would still yet have become necessary in order 
to regain the position of equivalent contracting party which was lost 
to the Russians in autumn 19^3» Such precaution would have to be made 
in contrary to the now existing desire but is thought to be the only 
possibility to clear from the situation between Russia and the USA 
which was getting so critical for Great Britain. Hence, according to 
the same report, preparation should also be concluded in some degree 
up to at least 10 April. A neutral embassy also is judging that now 
the invasion into Western Surope should be expected still earlier than 
was presumed by reason of Italian set-backs in the end of January/ the 
beginning of February. Neutral military attaches in London guess to 
the end of April/the beginning of May. At the same time one refers 
to the concentration of forces in North Africa and especially in Cor- 
sica, thus revealing a combined operation more and more. Also various 
visits of the Air Marshal Tedder to Gibraltar were interpreted in this 
direction. 

According to report of the Naval Attache Helsinki, Ramsay informed 
the German ambassador that Moscow - presumably on 23 March already - 
made known to the Finns that it would accept modifications. Thereupon 
a Finnish two-man delegation is said to have travelled to Stockholm 
authorized to receive the modification but not to conduct negotiations. 
From other sources the Naval Attache has known that a three-men dele- 
gation really flew to Moscow via Stockholm. 

Because the Russians withdrew several divisions from the front against 
the Finns and shifted them to the front against the Germans, the Mili- 
tary Attache is proposing to urge the Finns into offensive activities 
which may engage forces. 



Conference on the Situation with the Commander in Chief. Navy. 

I. The Quartermaster General, Naval Staff reports that on 2h March 
four Siebel ferries were commissioned in Salonica. 



-400- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
28 Mar. 1944 

II . Report of the Chief of Foreign Affairs Section. Operations Divi - 
sion. Naval Staff on delivery of submarines of type VII c to Turkey 
for improving the clearing amount. The Commander in Chief, Navy 
decides that at this time no detailing of type VII c - boats comes 
in question "because still now new boats are not available }n the 
Mediterranean. 

If type VII c - boats could be spared later on, they cannot be gathered 
just now. The question has to be submitted for decision in new and 
given time. 

Further references see War Diary Part C Volume VIII. 



In a highly restricted circle 

III. Army Situation; 

The Fuehrer agreed with the proposal of Field Marshal v.Kleist to 
build up a new defence front from Bug-mouth up to the Carpathian 
Mountains defending the Crimea with the Army Group A. Thereby the 
front sections would be distributed as follows: 6th Army Bug-mouth 
up to Pervomaisk, 8th Army in conjunction up to Mas caul- Jazzy. Then 
in conjunction the newly formed up 4th Romanian Army up to Lipcau. 
Then in conjunction the 1st Tank Army, 8th Army and 4th Romanian Army 
will be established as Army Group Woehper and subordinated to the Com- 
manding General of the 3rd Romanian Army Colonel General Demitrescu. 
Further German Forces will be brought on from the Hungarian Area. 

On the occasion of oral report to the Fuehrer, Field Marshal von Kleist 
declared the fact of actual holding of Odessa as very questionable and 
said in regard to the exposition on the importance of Odessa forwarded 
by the Naval Staff that the development of matters already had overcome 
beyond these desires of the Navy. 

The situation of the 1st Tank Army is extremely difficult. The rup- 
ture to the ^ r est confronts the formation with ah extraordinarily 
difficult task. There, ten of the best German Tank divisions and 
three to four other divisions are involved. 

In Details ITicolaev has been evacuated. 

Serious fighting kindled in the area east of Lemberg (Lwow). Our own 
attack operations in succouring the German troops which are encircled 
in Kovel is making good progress. 

In Finland the Russians brought up three new divisions in the Kanda- 
laksha sector. 



-401- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
28 Mar. 1944 

IV. According to instructions "by the Armed Forces Operations Staff 
(Navy) the Field Marshal v. Kleist reported to the Fuehrer that due to 
the development of situation at the Army Group South, Odessa cannot he 
held any longer and proposed the withdrawal of the front west of Odessa. 
At first the Fuehrer only agreed with the withdrawal of the front to 
the "bridgehead position of Odessa. But according to the opinion of the 
Op (M) Navy representative, this would only he valued as delaying 
measure. 

The Field Marshal v. Kleist described the situation of Odessa, indi- 
cating that numerous factories and repair shops would have transferred 
already or would be in dismantling stage, thus creating the impression 
that also naval dockyards and repair shops would be either in thinning- 
up or transference stage or already not fully fit for work any more, 
at the least being mature for dismantling in a few days. In connexion 
with Odessa, the Field Marshal v.Kleist proposed to evacuate the Crimea 
in time until Odessa would still be our own. But the Fuehrer wanted to 
hold the Crimea as long as ever possible. The Admiral attached to the 
Fuehrer's Headquarters and the Navy representative directing his atten- 
tion to the decisive reaction of the Odessa-evacuation, the Field Mar- 
shal v. Kleist put up his opinion that even without Odessa the Crimea 
could he held for a long time. The Chief of Operations Staff of the 
Army Group A declared that yet 35 »000 tons monthly would still be sup- 
plied from Constanta. Obviously no clear idea is existing at the Army 
Group on the real development of sea transportation after evacuating 
Odessa. 

The Fuehrer ordered a quick investigation how the harbor and the 
approaches of Odessa could be thoroughly destroyed and made unservice- 
ahle if possible occasionally "by effort of the new firing unit. 

In answering the last point, the Group South reported that the Dock- 
yard Control Staff of the Admiral Black Sea is in continuous connection 
with the Army Group A. Work pieces, the production of which would be 
possible up to 2 April, and the installations required for that 
remained in Odessa. All the others were carried off unfinished in 
using the empty tonnage to a far extent. All the machinery, tools and 
equipment which are not required were dismantled. According to the 
report of the Dockyard Control Staff, the salvage will be executed as 
far as possible. 

Moreover, the Group South was requested for report explaining which 
reaction the break-down of the Odessa repair port would effect on the 
task of the group in the Black Sea and whether the dockyard capacity 
which is still existing would be sufficient for the demands on repair 
work still coming. 

Concerning the new firing units, the Armed Forces High Command, Opera- 
tions Staff Navy has been informed as follows: 



-402- COBFIDEKHAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
28 Mar. 19^ 

a. Firing the DME* - requires high speed, therefore fully unsui- 
ted for minelaying in harbor. 

h. The AA-devices* are technically highly complicated, may only 
he installed in 1MB,* are requiring six days rest after planting be- 
fore they switch to fuse and have to he installed hy experts of the 
Mining and Barrage Trials Command, otherwise many misfires. 

c, The MA -devices* are just as sore and complicated and have to 
he overhauled after transportation. 

d. Transportation of mines into the area of Odessa would rather 
he impossible. One must supply with the stocks laying in Sevastopol 
and Constanta. 



V. On 2? March, the Fuehrer informed the Commander in Chief, Navy 
by phone that according to statement of Field Marshal v.Kleist the 
evacuation of Odessa has already been started by the Navy. 

Inquired thereupon, the Group South reported that by reason of the 
directive of the Naval Staff with date of 13 March (evacuate T "icolaev, 
thin up Odessa) this kind of precautions for thinning out Odessa had 
been made which seemed to be necessary for support and evacuation of 
those installations of which the transportation would not be possible 
in short time. Thereby all the installations required for maintaining 
the supply traffic Constanta - Odessa - Crimea inclusively the repair 
efficiencies needed for that were excepted distinctly. In view of 
the continuous unfavorable development in the South of the Eastern 
Front, the Group ordered speeding up and concentration of the evacua- 
tion precautions on 15 March for not being surprised by the events. 
Additionally to that the Group remarks that difficulties and the 
amount of time for evacuation of naval installations could not be 
estimated by the Army. On inquiry the Dockyard Control Staff reported 
that evacuation measures are executing in full agreement with the Army 
Group A. 

The orders issued by the Army Group A are running as follows: 

1. To Admiral Black Sea on 13 March: 

Make immediate starting of naval evacuation of Odessa except installa- 
tions needed there for army purposes. Continue shipping Odessa- 
Nicolaev and Odessa-Crimea as long as possible. Maintain repair shops 
in Odessa so far that execution of ship-repairs happening in sea 
transportation to and from Odessa would be possible. 



-403- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
28 Mar. 19M- 

In its time the Operations Branch, Naval Staff overread the last sen- 
tence of this directive. 

2. To the Admiral Black Sea on 15 March: 

In the present situation, the possibility of holding Odessa seems to 
"be limited facing to the probability of sadden surrender* Must be 
considered according to the speed and extent of the evacuation 
measures. Concerning the necessity of provisional management, apply 
the strictest standard. Safeguarding of precious material is more 
important than temporary difficulties. Prepare mine infection of the 
harbor of Odessa. 

This directive was overread by the Operations Branch, Naval Staff on 
15 March. 

By reason of this report, the Commander in Chief, Navy conferred with 
the Commanding G-eneral, Army Group South by phone and approved the 
decided precautions of the Group as relevant to the development of the 
situation. 

The Commanding General, Army Group South has been requested to secure 
the information of the Naval Staff on measures which are so incisive 
and reaching beyond the directive of the Naval Staff. 

In Details the Group South is reporting, that during the last days 950 
tons and J6 machines were sent off by the naval shops in Odessa and 
still 160 machines are waiting for transportation which partially are 
already going to be removed. Owing to bad weather conditions and the 
lack of tugs, further transport is curtailed. For thinning up Odessa, 
the army applied for 45.000 tons of shipping space. Transfer has al- 
ready been started. 

Written confirmation of the trunk-call between Commander in Chief, 
Navy - Commanding General Group South and reference as per l/Skl 
959/44 Gkdos Chefs, in War Diary Part C Book XIV. a. 

The Armed Forces High Command, Operations Staff, Navy has been informed 
of the settling of this matter. "Reference l/Skl I a 975/^ Gkdos Chefs, 
in War Diary Part C Volume XIV. 



Special Items; 

I. The Armed Forces High Command/Operations Staff, Navy reports the 
aggravation of the situation of the Northern Front of the Army Group A. 
At the Group South, the enemy has further advanced against the Romanian 



«4o4- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
28 Mar. 19^ 

and Hungarian Defense Forces. Incisive measures for forming up new 
Front were ordered by Marshal Antonescu. In a letter to the Fuehrer 
the Marshal emphasizes the necessity of speedy Crimea evacuation so 
long as Odessa still is ours. 

In connection with the enemy attack to be expected at the Finnish 
Front new political pressure against Finland is counted on. In the 
Armed Forces High Command tokens are indicating that unofficial nego- 
tiations of the Finns with the Russians are still going on» 

In this connexion, maintaining of preparations for operation "Tanne" 
are necessary. 

No new statements were submitted on Hungary. 



II. The Radio transmitted directive to the Commanding Admiral Aegean 
and the Admiral Adriatic concerning the order to the German Air Force 
Command South East for preparations and employment of the German Air 
Force in event of enemy large scale attack at the Balkans was overread 
by the Group South. Thereof is revealing that no bringing up of new 
anti aircraft forces will be expected and that the German Air Force 
will be compelled to operate with its own forces available in this 
area in concentrating them on focal points for securing its operation- 
al bases thus enabling Air Force operations after all. A ioart of 
these transferring measures will be executed just now as immediate 
precaution and independently from issuing the keyword. The Commanding 
Admirals have to act according to this necessity by relevant measures 
by their own powers such as thinning up, camouflage etc. 



III. Additional statements have been made on the report of the Lieu- 
tenant (Naval Artillery) Schneider who was appointed for the special 
operation "Frechdachs" in the Adriatic in regard to the non participa- 
tion of the German Air Force. Relevant correspondence is to be found 
with date of 23 March in War Diary Part C Volume XIV. 



IV. Concerning the Naval Emergency units, the Quartermaster Division, 
Naval Staff issued the following order: 

1. "The organization and allocation of the Naval Emergency units 
is continuing as before. Dividing of Naval Emergency units in the 
home area as of degrees of priority A, B and C. The present strength 
of the degree A at the Naval Command East amounts approximately to 11000, 



-kO$- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
28 Mar. 1944 

at the Naval Command North to approximately 3500 men. Therein is con- 
taining an overwhelming number of Naval Emergency units of replace- 
ment, training, instruction units and schools. 

2. As to the Fuehrer's decision, the release of Naval Emergency 
units composed by replacement, training and instruction units and 
schools for far distant operations only by order of the Fuehrer by 
the Naval Staff. 

3» If this order of the Fuehrer is not to be issued but far dis- 
tant operations of the remaining alarm-detachments of the home area 
are not to be ordered, then the Naval Staff will make the calling-up 
by marking numbers or will order the total strength of the remaining 
alarm-detachments of the degree A which is known here to far distant 
operations. At any rate, to exclude errors and far distant operations 
of Naval Emergency units of the replacement, instruction and training 
units and schools without distinct order of the Fuehrer, the Naval 
Staff will always clearly refer to the issued order of the Fuehrer. 

4. Consequently, the issued directives on preparations which are 
to be made and the proceedings of calling-up will remain in existence. 
For the next time, the Naval Command North' a:id East are securing that 
the 'Naval Staff will be continuously informed on the allocations and 
the strength of the Naval Emergency units. 



V. By reason of the lecture of the Quartermaster General, Naval Staff 
on the memoir of the Commanding Admiral Group West concerning the con- 
struction of armoured PT-boats, conclusively the Commander in Chief, 
Navy decided that the construction of these vessels would not come 
into consideration. Copy of the oral report has been made as per l/Skl 
III a 9461/44. Copy in War Diary Part B Volume V. 



VI. Instruction of the highest Operations Staffs of the Navy etc. on 
the enemy situation in the Northern Area and the British Isles and 
vicinity has been made by the Naval Intelligence Division on 28 March. 
Copy as per l/Skl 9626/44 Gkdos in War Diary Part D Volume "records on 
the enemy situation." 

Concerning the Northern Area, it is said to be possible that the 
reported entering of eleven respectively four merchantmen in Reykjavik 
on 18 or 22 March resp. may indicate to the beginning concentration of 
PQ 31 • But it is not impossible that the PQ-traffic would be tempor- 
arily suspended perhaps in connection with the at this time increased 
navigation on the North-Atlantic route or in connexion v;ith 



-4o6- CONFIDENTIAL 



+ 



CONFIDENTIAL 
28 Mar. 1944 

concentration of ships for invasion purposes in the area of the 
British Isles. In the year before too the last QP started from 
Reykjavik on 20 February. 

i 
A judgment of the increasing supply traffic on the North Atlantic 
route to Great Britain as to 6C$ recognized since the second part of 
February will only be but possible when relevant observations would 
be made for return shipping. 



Situation 28 March 1944 
I. War in Foreign Waters 
Nothing to report. 



II. Situation West Area; 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group eight, at the 19th Group were only twelve planes at 
the Azores Squadrons two planes were detected on mission. Two British 
vessels and one Allied vessel was located in the rendezvous area. 



2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

One mine was swept off Royan, two off the Gironde and three off La 
Pallice. 

Four submarines were escorted entering and three leaving the harbor. 

The Group West received the following directive of the Naval Staff: 

1. "During the last days the enemy has repeatedly attacked 
submarine convoys with bombs and gunfire on their scheduled channels. 
Owing to serious gunfire, one boat was lost and another suffered 
casualties. 

2. These repeated attacks make arguing new enemy tactics. 
The Commander Submarines, West already was ordered by the Submarine 
Division, Naval Staff to secure increased defense power of the convoys 

-407- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
28 Mar. 19^4 

in cooperation with the Air Commander Atlantic Coast and the Command- 
ing Admiral Defenses West. 

3. Group West is to investigate the decided precautions in 
total and report plans," 

Channel Area: 

One mine was swept vest of Ostende. 

During jhe night of 27 March, the operation of the 2nd, 4th and 8th 
PT-boat Flotillas with twelve boats sent out for capturing enemy PT- 
boats from lurking position off the Dutch coast yielded no result. 

The torpedo operation planned during the night of 28 March with the 
4th and 9th PT-boat Flotillas against the East or West-bound convoys 
in Lyme or Plymouth-Bay was curtailed owing to bad visibility. 

At 2030 the transfer of the steamer DERINDJE from St, Malo to Morlaix 
has been started. Besides, the torpedoboats T "29, a 3COM) OR and 
JAGUAR put out to Jersey and the T "27," GREIF and MOOT! from Cher- 
bourg to St, Malo, 



Special Items: 

The High Command Havy, Recruitment Division charged the Group West 
with the execution of the ordered transfer of the Naval Drafting 
Detachments being in Frajice in the area of Spinal and Belfort to the 
area of the railroad Metz-Paris and gave the instruction to make pre- 
paration as quickly as possible. 



Ill, North Tea. Norway. Northern Waters 

North Sea: 

Convoy, minesweeping and clearing duties were carried through as 
planned. Four mines were swept off the Dutch coast and five ones in 
the Heligoland Bight. 

The convoy 1235 Hook-Elbe has been executed. The convoy 489 Elbe-Hook 
temporarily touched Borkum and proceeded to the west. 

Approximately 17.000 BRT were escorted in the Zuider Zea and in the 
Zealand Waters, 



-408- CONFIDENTIAL 



* 



CONFIDENTIAL 
28 Mar. 19^ 

Norway. Northern Waters 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 18th Group twelve planes were detected over the central North 
Sea, At 1230 one British vessel was inaccurately located west of 
Haugesund. 

Within the Poljarnoje port wave radius, the destroyer "E" was at sea. 
Switching Danilow light house at 1?00 on 28 March makes counting on 
shipping in Gorlo-S traits. 

2, Own Situation: 

On 27 March unimportant enemy air activity was reported from the area 
of the Polar Coast. During the night of 28 March, the coastal anti- 
submarine listening station Nurmansetti . reported enemy PT -boats shov- 
ing to the West, 

At 0300 the steamer LUISE LEONHAEDT (^816 BUT) ran ashore in Ulvesund, 

Thirty five northbound and 31 southbound ships were escorted. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea: 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances 29 boats, in the Baltic Sea 30 boats and 
eight minesweeping planes were" engaged in minesweeping. Nine mines 
were swept in the Kiel Bay and Fehmarn-Belt, in Samsoe-Belt one mine 
was swept. 

Convoys were carried through without incidents. 

The Group North/Fleet reported that the 1st PT-boat training Flotilla 
after having concluded its training, was retransferred from Oslof jord 
to the home area. No one can estimate when new PT-boat flotillas 
would be sent into the area of the Skagerrak. Presumably this would 
not be possible before May 19^ by the PT-Boat Training Flotilla 
because the PT-Boat Training Flotilla and the Practice-Flotillas are 
tied to Swinemuende during three months of training. 

The 6th PT-boat Flotilla is executing exercises and gunnery training 
with eight boats west of the channel "Orange." 

During the night of 25 March and 26 March, the nightfighter directing 
ship TOGO reports the dropping of enemy light buoys over the ship. 



-*K)9- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
28 Mar. 19^ 

One nightfighter was put at disposal of this ship. 

In strengthening the anti-aircraft defense for the netlayers, the 
patrol "boat "307" has "been set up on "Orange" channel. Netlaying 
duties are continued. 

Our own boats being at sea south of Tyters were continuously attacked 
by enemy planes just as all the time before. 

Regard* ig the Army situation, the Admiral Baltic Countries reports 
that tl ..j northern Part of the Westsack has been fully closed in spite 
of strong counter attacks of new forces and attempts of breaking 
through were prevented. 



V. Submarine Warfare: 

No special events. 

The Naval Attache Tokyo received the instruction to ask the Japanese 
Admiralty Staff for information of the Commander in Chief, Navy for 
transmitting the experiences which were made with USA- sub marines, 
their tactics and manner of attack operations in Chinese and Japanese 
waters, as for instance details on spread salvo and timing of attack 
operations. 



VI. Aerial Warfare: 

From 11C0 - 1125 numerous enemy planes were observed off the Belgian 
coast. Presumably minelaying. Some hundred planes operated single- 
handed and in small groups with fighter cover in the area of Belgium- 
Northern France. Strong group with fighter cover attacked airfields 
in Western France. A number of our own planes were destroyed. In 
total seven enemy planes were shot down. No enemy air activity was 
reported during the night of 28 March. 

Reich Territory: 

During the day, isolated enemy planes were observed in the western and 
northwestern part of Germany, obviously in doing reconnaissance tasks. 

Mediterranean Theater: 

On 27 March the enemy attacked railroad installations and airfields 
in Central and Northern Italy. Two freighters and two fishing boats 



-410- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
28 Mar. 19^4 

were attacked "by fighter bombers south of Rimini. In the Front Area 
and in the beachhead, 6 70 enemy planes operated against our own posi- 
tions and supply roads. One enemy fighter was shot down and four of 
our own planes were lost. 

At 2100 on 28 March, one convoy was detected with Radar set north of 
Oran. At 2230 one steamer of 10.000 BRT was reported north of Tenes 
without indication of course. 

East Area: 

On 27 March 1327 of our own and 1280 enemy planes were on missions at 
the Eastern Front; 13 of our o\«i and 31 enemy planes were lost. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea: 

1. Area of the Naval Group West: 
Enemy Situation: 

Nothing to report. 

Own Situation: 

At 1000 one enemy submarine was sighted off Toulon which shot a four- 
spread torpedo salvo failure on the submarine chaser n 6073« n Subma- 
rine chasing gave no results. 

2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy 

Enemy Situation: 

During the night of 27 March, our own air reconnaissance detected by 
devices and sightings busy shipping off the Sardinian East coast. 
Also south of Cape Circeo ten ships presumably an entering convoy were 
detected by Radar set. 

On 28 March the amount of shipping in Anzio harbor and roads was found 
to be very strong. 

According to report of the Intelligence Division, the amount of ship- 
ping in Brindisi was very strong on 24 March. Allegedly there were 
two auxiliary aircraft carriers, one cruiser, six torpedo-boats, five 
small war vessels, three tankers and eighteen transports lying in the 
harbor. 



-411- CONFIDENTIAL 



C0HFID3MTIAL 
28 Mar. 19^ 

During the night of 27 March, destroyers and PT-boats were repeatedly- 
detected south of Ancona. 

According to the Turkish Press, one unknown submarine is to have sunk 
a Turkish motor "boat in the Gulf of Iskenderum. 

No one of our own submarines comes into question. 

Own Situation: 

At 0125 on 27 March, one of our own naval landing craft - convoys was 
attacked with five torpedoes "by five enemy PT-boats south of Sestri 
Levante. One PT-boat was shot afire and presumably annihilated. 

During the night of 27 March, four naval landing craft proceeding from 
Leghorn - Stefano are overdue. 

On the evening of 27 March, the SG "15" and the submarine chaser "2221" 
were continuously located on their way to the patrol duties. At 2057 
on 27 March, the "boats shelled a PT-boat which was shoving off north- 
west of Leghorn. At 2325 three PT-boat s replied the recognition- 
signal call with two torpedo misfires and went off after having fired 
on. 

During the night of 27 March, landing and embarkation of own shock 
detachments at the isle of Gorgona by three motor minesweepers was 
carried through as planned. 

Owing to break down of the compass device at the TA-boat (torpedoboat) 
the minelaying operation "Knick" was postponed again. 

The submarine U "^21" reported the successful breaking through into 
the Mediterranean. 

3» Area of the Naval Group South: 

a. Adriatic: 

At Hvar our own troops advancing to the West met enemy positions. 

"On 27 March the submarine chaser "205" was set aground by fighter 
bomber attack. 

During the night of 26 March, two Siebel Perries and two Inf. -boats 
transferred troops to Hvar and Brae. 

In the hours of dawn, the operation "Biber" has been executed as 
planned by RA.MB "III" and R "#•. 



-4-12- CaNFIDEHTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
28 Mar. 19^ 

In regard to the report of the Admiral Adriatic on the break- 
down of the naval defense forces (see War Diary 27 March), the 
Group South states: 

"1, Owing to complete air supremacy of the enemy in 
the Dalmatian coastal area practically depending on the lack of 
own fighter forces and any anti aircraft artillery defenses of 
ports, each operation of war vessels or transports practically 
is the same as annihilation. As proved true, camouflaged berths 
too do not offer shelter because the enemy air force discovers 
the vessels in low level flight. Up to now, applies for bring- 
ing up fighter and anti aircraft forces obtained no results. 

2. The break-down of vessels already assumed unbear- 
able extents so that the Admiral is no more able to achieve his 
defense tasks. Therefore was ordered: 

a. Employment of war vessels for militarily im- 
portant operations only. 

b. Previously, suspend the escort of sea trans- 
portation south of Zara so long until a scanty protection of the 
vessels could be afforded by our own fighter or anti aircraft 
artillery forces. 

c. Furthermore, radical shifting of the supply 
to land routes is required. 

3. The Naval Staff is requested to speed up the 
supply of PT-boats, naval landing craft, motor minesweepers and 
corvettes which are provided for the Adriatic. 

b. Aegean: 

At 2130 one enemy submarine attacked ships which were lying in 
the harbor of Monemvasia. The mine tender MT n 3 rt has been anni- 
hilated. One second torpedo detonated at the rocky coast. At 
2147 presumably the same submarine attacked the submarine chaser 
t, 2152.' , 

The towed convoy with the PT-boats S "601" and S "603" entered 
Patras coming from Corfu. 

c. Black Sea: 

On the afternoon of 27 March, one plane escorting the convoy 
steamer TOTILA attacked an enemy submarine approximately ESE of 
Constanta without recognized effect. 



-413- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
28 Mar. 19^ 

Owing to weather conditions, the convoy steamer "TOTILA" with 
war transport "25" has "been transferred from Constanta to Varna 
and entered there in the afternoon. The ship "19" from the es- 
cort of this convoy stranded six miles south of Constanta. The 
crew was rescued. During the night of 27 March, in proceeding 
from Sevastopol to Constanta the convoy BAYREUTH lost its unity. 
Escort vessels reported their positions, position of steamer 
BAYREUTH is unknown. 

At 2000 on 26 March, one naval landing craft shortly recognized 
a fast going enemy "boat in the Dnieper-Liman patrol area. 

During the night of 27 March, the special operations group 
Dnieper interrupted the patrol duties and entered at Ochakov 
for evacuating of most important material. At 0^30 the naval 
landing craft left Odessa-hound after "being loaded. 

During the night of 26 March, the naval landing craft of the 
Kerch Straits patrol line were shelled by artillery off Cape 
Tusla, but did not suffer any "break-down. 

On the morning of 26 March, the Naval "battery in position on 
K"er ch-S traits shelled the steam pile-driver working at the aer- 
ial tramway. The fire vas replied by an enemy battery. Besides, 
Zamysh Barun was shelled with 12 - 17 cm enemy battery with alto- 
gether 110 rounds supported by plane reconnaissance. 

Owing to weather conditions, our own forces were not employed 
during the night of 28 March. Convoys were postponed. 

The Admiral Black Sea temporarily cancelled the order for keep- 
ing available l/3 of tonnage in Sevastopol because at present 
the Crimea is firmly in our position. 

With radiogram 1723 the Naval Liaison Staff Romania reports to 
the Admiral Black Sea that today the Romanian General Staff issued 
the evacuation order II for G-alati and the dockyards lying east 
of it. Consequences are ceasing work and evacuation of all 
machinery. With the date of 29 March, the Romanians ask for the 
evacuation of the iron dock which is ahsolutely necessary for 
the submarine-base. At any case, the execution of this precau- 
tion has to be prevented. 

According to another overread radiogram, the Admiral Black Sea 
projected Sulina as isolated base for PT-boats, depending on 
the development of the situation. 

-414- CONFIDENTIAL 



* 



CONFIDENTIAL 
28 Mar. 19^ 

Besides, the Admiral Black Sea instructed the Naval Shore Com- 
mander Ukraine to bring the 6th Army's attention to the fact 
that after withdrawal of the army coastal artillery, the coast- 
al defense of the Dnieper-Liman could not "be guaranteed by the 
naval landing craft because the rupture through Ochakov-narrows 
during the now beginning moon clear nights are very questionable 
without suppressing the enemy battery at Kinnburn. 

On inquiry of the Naval Staff concerning the billeting numbers 
of ships (see War Diary 20 March), the Admiral Black Sea pre- 
viously reports that the numbers reported on 6 November 19^3 
were reckoned out under the assumption of suitable billeting 
involved by the embarrassing situation and under any cession of 
hygiene. Superficial tests at the steamer LOLA confirmed the 
reported number. Result of further checking would be reported. 

From other Radiograms in the Black Sea the directive of the Com- 
manding Admiral Black Sea to the 10th Coast Patrol Force and to 
the Naval Shore Commander Ukraine is noticeable which is aimed 
at rigid and speedy issuing of orders. 

As main task of the Admiral Black Sea was announced: 

a. Supply of the Crimea. 

b. Supply and thinning up transports at the west 



coast. 



c. Defense of war bases and coasts. 



d. Defense of the sea areas against the enemy naval 
surface and submerged forces. 

The order is concluding: 

"Since months the situation in the Black Sea has not changed. 
To the Navy there is consideration to be influenced by the nerv- 
ous state which somewhat appeared at other Services." 

The Group South informed the Naval Staff with copy from the 
directive issued to the Admiral Black Sea concerning the defense 
of further Crimea supply by keeping enemy naval forces out of 
the NW-corner of the Black Sea. For this must be planned the 
minelaying in the coastal forwarded area under changing respec- 
tively completion of former plannings with barrages almost not 
suitable for sweeping, thoroughly making unserviceable of port 
installations and close infection of port basins and canals and 
preparations of PT-boats bases as well as submarine employments 



-J*15- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
28 Mar. 19^ 

for offensively conducted defense of sea routes in the North- 
Vest "basin and stopping the bringing up of enemy naval forces 
into it. Besides this, the German Air Force's attention is to 
he directed towards the necessity of minelaying and bombing the 
harbor installations of Odessa-Perecop. 

Similar precautions for closing the Danube down the river from 
G-alati are projected if the situation would produce further set- 
backs . 



VIII. Situation Eastern Asia; 

Nothing to report. / 



-416- CONFIDENTIAL 



* 



* 



CONFIDENTIAL 
29 Mar, 19^ 

Items of Political Importance 

In regard to the rumors of transformation of the British Cabinet, 
the Baseler Nachrichten reports from London that the present cam- 
paign against Eden appears to be the reaction of the Conserva- 
tives against the course of the Government's Foreign Policy 
since Teheran, Criticism nominally is directed against Eden 
and is aiming de facto at Churchill too. Hence many facts from 
his speech on 27 March are explaining themselves. In well- 
informed circles of London one does not believe that a new trans- 
formation of the Cabinet would be imminent or that Churchill even 
would only think to give way to this pressure and change the 
course of Foreign Policy, 

In inspecting the assault weapons, the Commander in Chief, Navy 
is absent from Headquarters, Records of the result written by 
the Chief of Surface Vessel Constructional Planning Branch, 
Operations Division, Naval Staff who participated is found in 
copy as per l/Skl III a 9659/^ Gkdos. in War Diary Part B 
Volume V. 

The Commander in Chief, Navy decided that the construction of 
"Bunteboats"* and "Neger"* is immediately to be begun with. The 
"Thomas II rt * and "Loedicke"* - boat are to be developed further 
on. 



Conference on the situation with the Chief of Staff of Naval Staff 

I. From the report on the situation issued by the Commanding 
General, Armed Forces, West, noticeable effects of enemy sabotage 
activities are revealing. In the southwestern part of France, 
industry has been nearly paralysed. The power supply of Paris 
already is exposed to restrictions. 



In a highly restricted circle; 

II . Army Situation; 

In serious fighting, the Army Group A has defeated enemy attempts 
of rupture from the area southeast of Balta, Enemy bridgeheads 
west of the Dniester were enlarged unessentially. North of 
Stefaneseu several new enemy bridgeheads are being formed across 
the Pruth River. 

At the Army Group B, the stronghold Tarnopol is engaged in seri- 
ous defense fighting. The situation is very strained. The Army 

-^17- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
29 Mar. 1944 

Group Center reports hard but successful defense fighting at 
the 4th Army and the 3rd Tank Army. The Army Group North esti- 
mates the enemy forces enclosed at the Narva Front up to several 
divisions. At the Finland -Front more large scale enemy attack 
preparations in the Louhia-sector were recognized. 

In details additionally was reported that Kolomyja was captured 
by the enemy. At their first contact with the enemy, the Hun- 
garian forces withdrew. 

By reason of an information of the Army Headquarters 17 is fol- 
lowing from a report of the Admiral Black Sea to the Group South 
that the evacuation of Micolaev has "begun during the night of 
28 March and that the occupation of the new front of the 6th 
Army would he accomplished within seven days if all is going on 
as planned. 

The Liaison Officer/Army reports from the record Foreign Armies 
East on inner Russian conditions. Striking is the fact of strong 
stress laid on the resumption of ancient partiality of tsaristic 
traditions in the Army. 

Tn Italy new enemy attack is expected from the beachhead. 

At the Balkans, Tito is moving with two divisions for meeting 
Bulgarian communists in the area of Nish-Toplica. Against 
these, the Bulgarians are bringing up forces only slowly in 
spite of personal intervention of the Commanding General of the 
Army Group E. 



III. The Operations Division, Naval Staff is considering to 
use the present political situation in Finland in order to 
accomplish the occupation of the Aland Isles already now in 
secret, occasionally with the agreement of the Finns, For 
that, the consent of the High Command, Array and the approach- 
ing to the Finnish Armed Forces Command via the High Command, 
Army would be required. At any rate, the Commander, Mine- 
sweepers East is to find out if or in how far ports of the 
Aland Islands already have been touched by our own naval 
forces or supply vessels and what reaction is dared to be ex- 
pected on adequate measures. But essential doubts are arising 
against a step at Finland via the High Command, Army which . 
could make the execution of the occupation of the isles very 
questionable. Certainly the danger is existing that in con- 
sidering political points of view this would lead to consequen- 
ces which would not harmonize with the military requirements. 



-418- CONFIDENTIAL 



C 



CONFIDENTIAL 
29 Mar. 19^ 

Therefore the Operations Branch, Naval Staff proposes not to 
approach the High Command, Army/Operations Staff at first but to 
wait for the statements made by the Commander Minesweepers East. 
Possibly these statements would allow to reach the aim fully 
underhanded and harmless in gradually developing forward a situa- 
tion already existing. 

The inquiry passed to the Commander, Minesweepers East with copy 
to the Naval Command Baltic tunes [is worded] as follows: 

"1. With continuing aggravation or longer lasting of the 
icing condition in the Gulf of Finland, withdrawal of naval 
forces to the West could become necessary according to our opin- 
ion here and owing to aerial danger for some ports. Answer the 
following question for the Naval Staff by the Commander Mine- 
sweepers East. 

a. Which port of the Aland Islands had been touched by 
German Naval forces or supply vessels up to now? 

b. Did this touching of ports occur regularly during 
longer periods? 

c. When did German Naval forces and supply ships touch 
ports of the Aland Islands for the last time? 

d. Did German naval forces use supply and repair facili- 
ties of the Finns in these ports? 

e. Do German merchantmen touch ports of the Aland Islands 
regularly or temporarily? 

f. Which reaction of the Finns could be expected in the 
present situation, according to the opinion of the Commander 
Minesweepers East, if German naval forces occasionally would 
touch Mariehamn or other ports of the Aland Islands? 

2. Special attention is directed towards the secret of these 
reflections." 



IV. On 2k March the Naval Command Norway applied for suspending 
of the minelaying project NW "69" in Rognfiord which was already 
approved in October 19^3 by the Naval Staff as to the Barrage 
"NW 10^" in Altafiord reinforcements in Hognsund would not be 
necessary any more. 



-419- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
29 Mar. 19^ 

In spite of doubts uttered by the Commander Inshore Defenses 
Unit, the Group North/Fleet joined this application. 

But, by reason of the particular responsibility for the security 
of the Inshore Defense Unit with which he was charged, the Com- 
mander Inshore Defense Unit is applying for clutching to the 
project "NV 69" because the barrage "NW 104" neither could hin- 
der advancing enemy forces from taking effective firing position 
against Kaaf jord nor could protect the own area of exercises in 
the northern Altafiord. 

The Operations Division, Naval Staff is proposing the following 
decision: 

"As the defense precautions of the Altafiord approaches were / 

established in such a manner that the tributary airways would 
be unusable for the enemy, and the blocking of Rognsund would 
be but effective under certain conditions and in regard to the 
exercise area in the northern part of the Altafiord, it is 
decided that, in spite of the lack of mines, the minelaying pro- 
ject "Ntf 69" would have to be carried out as additional defense 
of the main base of the fleet." 

The Chief of Staff of Naval Staff gave his consent. 



Special Items . 

I. From the information on the situation of the Armed Forces 
Operations Staff (Navy): 

"From Hungary no new reports. Sxrcept the five Hungarian Divi- 
sions already mobilized, the mobilization of three more was 
ordered. The impression is existing that, in regard to the 
development of situation in the Kast, the Hungarian Armed Forces 
would be ready for decisive fighting under close German command: 

The newest development of the attitude of Finland requires speedy 
conclusion of the preparations for "Tanne." 



II. In the overread Radiogram 1110 from Group South to the Com- 
manding Admiral Black Sea, this one was informed in condensed 
manner of the instruction concerning the oral report of Field 
Marshal von Kleist to the Fuehrer with reference to the opposi- 
tion of this instruction with the judgment of situation made by 
the Army Group A. 



-Jj-20- CONFIDENTIAL 



% 



% 



CONFIDENTIAL 
29 Mar. 19^ 

The instruction which the Group South is transmitting by Radio 
was addressed hy the Operations Division, Naval Staff to the 
Group South, for the Commanding Admiral, In regard to this, 
the Group South is requested for information which Headquarters 
could overread and decypher the Radiogram 1110. Telegram of 
the Group as per l/Skl 99^/Mj- Gkdos Chefs, in War Diary Part C 
Volume XIV. a. 



III. Regarding to the evacuation order of the Romanian General 
Staff for Galati and the dockyards situated east of it, the 
Group South is reporting that up to now attempts of the Naval 
Liaison Staff Romania for cancelling this evacuation order or 
retaining the dock in Galati failed. The evacuation of machin- 
ery river upwards has begun. Thereby repair capacity is 
restricted incisively. For a new time, the Group South is try- 
ing via the Naval Liaison Staff and the Commanding General South- 
east to direct the evacuation of machinery and dock to Constanta. 
As to its own opinion this kind of radical measures is not justi- 
fied and the above-mentioned attempts only promising unimportant 
results, the Group is requesting to decide or effect occasionally 
the following on higher ranks: 

a. Stopping of evacuation by Romanians 

b. at least erection of German installations evacuated from 
Odessa in Galati or Braila, 

c. If stopping will turn out impossible, evacuation of 
Romanian installations to Constanta, because owing to imminent 
Danube blockings and water depths above Braila repair facilities 
for sea shipping would entirely fall out of action. 

Further arrangements will be made , by the Quartermaster Division, 
Naval Staff. 

In the overread Radiogram 16^5 to the Grouo South, the Admiral 
Black Sea is reporting to the same question that the dockyard 
of Constanta is employed to the most part with repairs of the 
Romanian naval forces and Varna in its present condition is only 
suitable for restricted repairs on naval landing craft and armed 
fishing vessels. The remaining capacity of Constanta and the 
repair facilities of Sevastopol are far beyond being sufficient 
for repairs and continuous overhauling of the naval forces and 
supply vessels additionally dropping in. Therefore extending of 



-421- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
29 Mar. 19^4 

Yarna is urgently necessary. 



17. Regarding the operation "Tanne", the High Command, Army/ 
Operations Staff Navy communicates that partial motorization of 
the *H6th Infantry Division is desired. At first the division 
will "be fully equipped with bicycles. Two hundred lorries are 
in mobilization. 



V. In regard to G-isela (neu), the Group West is reporting with 
26 March that the preparations of the army practically are 
restricted to the occupation of a bridgehead south of the Pyre- 
nees which would be limited with Santander, Valladolid - Soria. 
The Commanding General's, Armed Forces, Vest point of view is 
that with these planned six divisions an operation going far 
beyond that aim would only become possible then when Spain would 
become European Theater of main concentration of war under far- 
reaching deprivation of the French coast. The Group South is 
requesting consent that at this situation the planning for Gisela 
(neu) must be only extended to the coastal sector Eendaye- 
Santander, what all the more would be desirable as the disposi- 
tion of forces from the French area is meeting large difficulties. 

The Naval Staff agreed with the proposal saying that the plan- 
nings would be restricted corresponding to the preparation of the 
Army to the coastal sector from Hendaye to Santander. Copy of 
adequate draught as per 1 Ski 94l/44 Gkdos Chefs, in War Diary 
filing "Enemy large scale landing operations." 



VI. Cwing to the reports submitted by the Naval Command East 
and North, the Quartermaster Division decides that the former 
limits of area of the Jfeval Commands concerning the defense of 
the Kiel-Canal will be kept. Single organizational precautions, 
for instance changes in the subordination, have to be applied 
for in reciprocal terms. The Naval Command North and East 
receive the directive to make immediate contact with the offi- 
cials which are charged with the defense of the Ziel-Canal by 
the Chief of the Bureau of Army Armament and the Commander in 
Chief, Air Force and the Heichs fuehrer SS in sense of the is- 
sued Fuehrer directive and report the result. 



-422- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
29 Mar. ] 9^ 

VII. The application submitted "by the Naval Command Norway 
(see War Diary 23 March) was decided "by the Naval Staff as 
follows: 

"1. Allocation of the requested four PT-boats respectively 
motor minesweepers is not possible. 

2. The main weapon of the PT-boats is the offensive torpedo 
operation. For this, no favorable suppositions would appear in 
the Folar area, especially during the period of clearness and 
by the small number of boats. The number of front-boats and the 
strength of the enemy defense is requiring the farthest possible 
concentration in the West Area. 

3. The tasks mentioned in the reference especially the 
fighting against enemy PT-boats, motor minesweepers are mostly 
suited. But withdrawal of boats from other areas outside of 
Norway in favor to the Polar Coast is not possible owing to the 
lack of patrol vessels at every place. 



VIII. On application of the Group South, the Quartermaster Divi- 
sion, Naval Staff is approving the subordination of the 1st PT- 
boat-force with the 3rd, 7th and 24th PT-bcat Flotillas branched 
off as to discipline and supplies and as to operational matters 
under the Commanding Admiral Adriatic, before branching off the 
authorized Commander was the Commander PT-boats and the subordi- 
nation of the 10th Landing Flotilla as to operational matters 
and branched off as to discipline and supply under the chief of 
sea transportation Adriatic. Before branching off the authorized 
Commander is the Admiral Landing Craft and Bases. The Area Com- 
mander in this case the Admiral Adriatic, is authorized to change 
the subordination as to operational matters for the length of 
this special operation. 



IX. The German Naval Command Italy applied for the equipment of 
two vessels as Q-ships. Principally the Quartermaster Division, 
Naval Staff approved the conditioning in spite of only small 
prospects for success in regard to the serious danger by enemy 
planes and if the execution would be possible without restricting 
other constructional projects. Torpedo outfit is not approved. 
Complements have to be put at disposal without additional 
requests on personnel from the area of the German Naval Command 
Italy. 



-423- CONFIDENTIAL 



C0NF3DMTIAL 
29 Mar. 1944 

Situation 29 March 1944 

I. War in Foreign Waters 

Nothing to report. 



II. Situation West Area: 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group six, at the 19th Group were only five and at 

the Azores Squadrons equally five planes were detected on 

missions. Two British vessels were located west of Gibraltar r~ 

and in the outer Biscay Bay. On 25 and 29 March exercises, 

presumably landing exercises, were observed in the western 

Channel Area where 16 leaders of "boat-formations participated 

in the wireless communications. 



2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

One mine each was swept in the area of Bayonne, La Pallice and 
le Verdon, three mines were swept in the area of the Gironde. 
Blocking of Gironde estuary was released. The steamer DERINDJE, 
in escort of six "boats of the 10th Minesweeping Flotilla, is 
transferring for employment in ore shipping from St. Malo via 
Morlaix to Bordeaux. At 0505 the convoy weighed anchor west of 
Les Sept lies owing to fog. 

At 0400 the Commander of the 4th Torpedo-Boat Flotilla with 
T "29," K0KD0R and JAGUAR anchored off Jersey, the Commander of 
the 5th Torpedo-Boat Flotilla with T "27, " GREIF and MOEVE 
anchored off St. Malo at 0630. The transfer of "both the flotil- 
las to. Brest is projected during the night of 30 March. 

Channel Area: 

At 0243 the 2nd Gun Carrier Flotilla came in touch with eight or 
nine enemy PT-boats off Dieppe, of which two were sunk and 
another one was thought to "be sunk. Besides this, essential dam- 
age was remarked on further boats. All our own boats are ready 
for action, slight casualties. 



-424- CONFIDENTIAL 



• 



% 



CONFIDENTIAL 
29 Mar. 1944 

On the occasion of the two successes obtained during the last 
time the Commander in Chief, Navy expressed his acknowledgment 
to the 2nd Gun-Carrier Flotilla. 

Owing to locations, our own coastal batteries shelled three 
salvoes of harassing fire in the area of Dieppe-Le Treport at 
0344. 

Owing to mine detonation, the minesweeper K "4600" sunk off 
St. Malo. 

During the night of 29 March, torpedo operations of the 2nd, 
4th, and 8th PT-boat Flotillas are planned against southbound 
convoys in the area of Smith' Knoll* 



III. North Sea. Norway, Northern Waters 

North Sea: 

Escort, minesweeping and patrol duties were carried through as 
planned. Four mines were swept in the area of Heligoland. 

Approximately 44000 BRT were escorted in the Zuider Sea and in 
the Zealand Waters. Attacks of PT-boat s against the minesweep- 
ing escort of the convoy 489 at 0235 and 0448 in AN 8534 
respectively 8556 were repulsed. 

At 1700 40 enemy planes attacked the Elbe-Ems shipping with 
bombs and air torpedoes NW of Borkum. The steamer CHRISTEL 
VINNER (1900 BET) sunk, the steamer HERMANN SCHULTE (1300 
BRT) was seriously damaged. Certainly two planes were shot 
down, a third one was possibly shot down. 

The Counter Intelligence Section, Intelligence Division. Armed 
Forces High Command reports in regard to the Operation West 
that at present two smacks are operating from Esbjerg, of which 
one is at sea. A third smack is to be operated from Hirtshals. 
The employment of seven more cutters, mostly sea-going vessels, 
is planned. According to the opinion of the Counter Intelligence 
Section, Intelligence Division, Armed Forces High Command the 
guaranty dared to be given in employing the smacks in the usual 
fishing areas of the Danish fishermen to receive informations 
of special enemy intentions which would aim at an invasion in 
direction of Denmark and South Norway immediately. Up to now 
there was stated that British PT-boats snd. patrol boats are com- 
ing in touch with Danish fishing smacks at the Dogger Bank. 



-425- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
29 Mar. 19^4 

But this getting into contact seemed to be restricted on "barter 
dealings ^_nd questions of common character dealing with the con- 
ditions in Denmark. But the British fighting shius do not 
trouble the Danish fishermen in any form all the more these res- 
cued British airmen and handed them over to the British. [Trans- 
lated "by Op-292A: The English war ships disturb the Danish 
fishermen in no wise, especially since these repeatedly rescue 
English fliers and hand them over to the English^} Crashed own 
airmen are brought back to the Danish coast. Leading Danish 
shipowners are interested in fishing outside the declared area 
because then they could recognize any tokens of invasion in 
earliest time. Hereby they for themselves are much interested 
in order to safeguard their very precious material of nets and 
vessels. The Counter Intelligence Section Den m ark was ordered 
to inform the local headquarters of the Navy continuously on 
all particular knowledge from these operations. 

Norway, Northern 'Waters: 

1. Enemy Situation: 

At the 18th 3- roue 32 planes were detected over the northern 
North Sea up to the West Coast of Norway. 

2. Own Situation: 



At 2115 on 2 q March, the troop transport A1KAID (5^3 BET) ran 
aground south-west of Loedingen and came free again at C100 on 
29 March and continued her course. 

On the afternoon of 23 March, 19 enemy planes were reported in 
the area of Askevold-Aalesund which did not carry out any 
attacks. 

In the area of the West coast, the steamer ANTJE FRITZEN (6532 
3BT V > also ran temporarily aground in Ejeltefjord. The ship had 
to be towed in. The steamer "LUISE LSONHARDT 11 which ran aground 
on 23 March in Ulvesund, came free again with only slight 
damage. Both, 26 shi'os were escorted to the Sbrth and South, 



I V . Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 
1. Enemy Situation: 



Nothing to report. 



-426- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
29 Mar. 19^ 

2. Own Situation: 

In the Baltic Sea Entrances 28 boats, in the Baltic Sea 25 "boats 
and nine minesweeping aircraft were engaged in minesweeoing. 

Four mines were swept in Kiel Bay. After having struck a mine, 
the steamer SPREE was towed in to Kiel. 

In the afternoon, one plane of unknown type crashed "burning in 
the Pommeranian Bay. 

The convoys were carried through as planned. The towing convoy 
HITTER (Seidlitz) will presumably leave Kiel for Koenigsberg at 
1200 on 30 March. At 0200 15 fast enemy intruder planes attacked 
Kiel, Eleven bombs were dropped, thereof six in the area of the 
town. 

According to increasing ice conditions in the Gulf of Finland, 
the patrol forces of the Narva Bay were withdrawn to the West 
up to the border of the icefield. The enemy air raids on boats 
of the Narva-patrol were continued. There appeared formations 
up to the strength of 20 planes. On 28 March three attacking 
planes were shot down. On 29 March three air torpedo planes of 
type Boston operated under cover of eight fighters. 

Netlaying was continued. 

The destroyers Z 28, 35 and 39 executed exercises in the area 
west of "Channel 96." 

The minesweeper M "7" supported by the patrol boat 303 was trans- 
ferred from Tallinn to Turku by the ice-breaker ELSV0GEL. 

The Naval Command East urgently applies for exchanging the 17th 
Patrolboat Flotilla for a flotilla of minesweepers well equipped 
with anti-aircraft artillery because the boats of the 17th 
Patrolboat Flotilla are not suiting, owing to their insufficient 
anti-aircraft weapons for defending air raids on our own patrol 
forces in the Gulf of Finland. 

Both the minesweeping Flotillas belonging to the Commander Mine- 
sweepers East are at present in dockyard repair. Six boats of 
the 3rd Minesweeping Flotilla will be ready in April and two 
boats in May. The 25th Minesweeping Flotilla began routine dock- 
yard repair only in March. The possibility in withdrawing mine- 
sweepers from other theaters only would be possible in putting 
up with essential set-backs. Therefore, the Naval Staff decides 
negative. The Commander Minesweepers F»ast has to do it with the 



-427- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIA L 
29 Mar. 1944 

forces now available until the routine dockyard repair of the 
3rd Minesweeping Flotilla has finished. Copy of the draught 
1 Ski I op 9333/44 Gkdos in War Diary Part C Volume III. 



V. Submarine Warfare: 

1« Snemy Situation: 

Following Radio Monitoring, new direction finding proceedings 
are appearing in the North and South Atlantic and some times in 
the Indian Ocean too since 1 February 44. Coding is changing 
approximately all 14 days. Thereby it became possible to have 
a look at the enemy direction finding organization as to the 
method of operation. Up to now the following direction finding 
stations appeared: the Azores, Gibraltar, Freetown, St. Helena, 
Ascension, Simonstown and nine stations in North-Brazil and in 
the area of the Caribbean Sea among others Pernambuco operating 
as control station. The times of taking the bearings are reveal- 
ing that in most of the cases these were bearings of our own 
boats. It is remarkable that in many cases the same object was 
detected by all the stations mentioned above and situated in the 
North and South Atlantic. 

Colombo repeated the SS-report of an unknown Allied steamer, 
which sighted submarine at 0250 in LD 41. It is not a German 
boat. 

2. Own Situation: 

At 1256 the submarine U "311" sighted a tanker proceeding with 
high speed on 220° in AL 9343. 

The submarines U "54l," U "92" and U "962" were assigned to new 
operational areas in the North Atlantic. 

Operations are planned with the submarines U "155* " "505" and 
"190" in the Freetown area. 

The submarine U "488" supplied U "123" but however did not meet 
the U "801" and U "1059." 



VI. Aerial Warfare: 



West Area: 



-428- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
29 Mar. 19^ 

During the day, 130 enemy missions with fighter cover and dropping 
of approximately 80 high explosives were reported in Belgium- 
Northern France in the area of Watten. Isolated penetrations 
without attacks occurred in Western France. During the night of 

29 March, the raid of about 100 planes was reported on the rail- 
way station and a wagon- factory in the area of Ostende - Reims - 
Fe'camp. At the railway station of Vaires seven to eight locomo- 
tives were damaged and one troop transport of the SS-tank division 
consisting of 300 - ^00 wagons with lorries and troops was hit. 
One hundred and eleven lorries were destroyed and 100 men were 
killed in action. 

Reich Territory: 

During the day, in the afternoon hours a raid of several 100 
bombers which penetrated under fighter cover was carried out on 
Brunswick from 6 - 7000 meters of altitude. One part of the 
bombs fell into free country. The attack was said to have been 
of medium size. Further, a number of airfields in Western Ger- 
many were attacked where damage was inflicted on planes, hangars 
and barracks. 

During the night of 29 March, 30 enemy penetrations with "bombing 
in the Rhenian-Westfalian industrial area were reported which 
hit various places without inflicting important damage. Further 

30 planes dropped "bombs in the area of Kiel-Luebeck. In Kiel, 
buildings were damaged. 

Mediterranean Theater: 

On 28 March the enemy reconnaissance activity in the Aegean and 
over Crete was unimportant. 

In Central and Northern Italy, railway stations and bridges 
near Verona, Mestre and other railroad installations near 
Orvieto were attacked by strong groups. In the area of Ancona, 
one of our fighting vessels was attacked by three fighters. 

Five enemy fighters were shot down by German fighters, and seven 
enemy fighters were shot down by Italian fighters. Three German 
and two Italian fighters were lost. 

In the front area and south of Rome, 520 enemy planes were em- 
ployed which attacked our own positions and supply routes. 

During the night of 28 March, intruder missions were reported 
from the area of Venice - Padua - Milano - Bologna - Forli. 
Bombs were dropped on the main station of Milano. Thirty-eight 
planes of JIT "88" - type attacked Vis in this night. 



-^29- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
29 Mar. 19^ 

During the night of 29 March, k6 of our own "bombers were sent 
out to attack the convoy in the area of Algiers. Because the 
convoy was not found, single proceeding ships were attacked. 
Hits were obtained on two freighters of medium-sized tonnage. 
Five of our own planes were lost. On 29 March some of our own 
planes carried through reconnaissance flights. 

Eastern Area: 

On 28 March 1630 own and 11*K5 enemy missions were executed on 
the Eastern Front, five of our own and 16 enemy planes were 
lost. 

At 0810 one 3V "138" was shot down north of Bremanger. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea 

1. Area of the Naval Group West: 

Enemy Situation : 

At 1223 two submarines were sighted 14 miles south-west of 
Toulon. 

At 1930 on 27 March, one CAIRO-class cruiser, one auxiliary 
cruiser, one 1ST and in the dock one cruiser of the TROMP- 
class, further 13 destroyers, 15 corvettes, twelve Agathe- 
"boats,* 18 tugs, one French cahle-ship and three oil lighters, 
"besides three transports, ^3 freighters, 13 tankers and in 
the dock two more transports were lying in Gibraltar. 

According to reports from Center, two special freighters of 
8 - 10.000 BRT with heavy lift derricks and deckload passed 
"by at 1^15 on 28 March with three escort vessels heading to 
the Atlantic. 

Own Situation: 

Five vessels with altogether 1000 BRT were escorted off the 
French South coast. 

2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy 

Enemy Situation: 

Photographic reconnaissance of Anzio and Nettuno in the morn- 
ing revealed no important amount of shipping. Compared with 

-430- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
29 Mar. 19^ 

15 March, only slight decreasing of small vessels and landing- 
craft was recognized. 

Between Anzio and Ponza, same destroyers and PT-boats were sail- 
ing on various courses. 

According to report of the Intelligence Division from Cypres 
jCyprusf), all Greek submarines and war vessels are to "be con- 
centrated at Malta for European operation. Beirut now only is 
serving as rest naval "base. 

Own Situation: 



Up to now, only eleven men of four overdue naval landing craft 
were rescued on a raft north of Piombino. According to their 
statements, three naval landing craft were certainly sunk by 
PT-boats. These statements were confirmed by detonations 
which were observed at midnight of 2? March north of Piombino. 

According to an older account, the sinking was certainly done 
by destroyers or torpedo boats but not by PT-boats. 

The loss of all four naval landing craft is to be counted on. 
Fescue checking for survivors was started at the place of acci- 
dent but did not bring up any result up to now. 

Owing to a serious air raid on Mestre-Venice, one newly- 
constructed corvette was totally lost. 

Convoy and patrol duties were executed as planned. 

The torpedo boat TA "20" and PT-boats MAS n 4l" and "75" carried 
out the minelaying task "BRUECKE" east of St. G-iorgio as planned. 
On their way back, the TA "20" was attacked by enemy fighters 
without result. 

Dating with 1^ March, the German Naval Command Italy submitted 
the minelaying order for the minefield tasks "Schwalbe" and 
"Falke" with, if possible, three torpedo boats each as well 
"Huette" and "Nest" with five - sis: motor minesweepers each. 
The minefield "Falke" is lying in the approaching area of the 
enemy transport tonnage on the southern outlet of Ajaccio Gulf. 

The task "Huette" is lying in the area off the Gulf of Porto 
Vecchio, being the starting point for enemy operations against 
the Italian West coast. The task "Schwalbe" is lying in the 
area off Kalvi, being the starting point for landing projects 
in direction to the French coast. 

-43I- CONFIDENTIAL 



confidential 

29 Mar. 19^+ 

The operation "Nest" is to be executed in the eastern outlet of 
Bonifacio Straits. But according to report of 25 March, German 
Naval Command Italy renounced the execution of this operation, 
and because of the short nights and the aggravated enemy situa- 
tion and the lack of fighter cover, the responsibility of this 
execution cannot be borne; besides- these facts, the war readiness 
of the 11th motor minesweeper Flotilla is insufficient. 

3. Area of the Naval Group South 

a. Adriatic; 

Enemy Situation:. 

According to air reconnaissance at 1830, there were three 
freighters lying stopped 1C miles north-west of Brindisi and 
two Z-boats heading North-west, approximately 20 miles south- 
east of Bari six freighters of 4000 BUT each two ships of 2000 
BET heading North-west, off Lola di Bari three corvettes and 
one shallow draught boat on north-westerly course. 

At about 2300 the Naval signal station Ostro (near Cat tar b) 
reported several vessels in southern direction on northern 
course in distance of 15 miles and searchlight movements. 

At 2322 the reported vessels went off to the south-west. Two 
small war vessels, 50 large and medium-sized coastal motor 
drifters thereof five damaged respectively sunken, five motor 
boats, 39 sailing boats were sighted in the harbor of Vis. 

Own Situation: 



On 22 iMarch one Inf. -boat was annihilated east of Jelsa 
(Northern coast of Kvar) by fighter bombers. Nothing is 
known about the compliments. On 27 March another Inf. -boat 
was sunk by plane off Brae. Two more Inf. -boats vrere damaged 

off Poolje. 

During the night of 29 March, more landing of supplies is planned 
at Hvar. The situation on the island is nearly unchanged. 

The Group South applied for speedy bringing up of four 10.5 cm 
batteries and two medium-sized batteries of 20 km range in 
event of bottleneck for 9 cm or 13.5 cm batteries with all 
equipment as well as light anti aircraft platoons for the pro- 
tection of Vis after capture. Fersonnel are not available. 



-432- COHFIDSNTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
29 Mar. 19^ 

b. Aegean: 

Enemy Situation: 

According to agent reports of the Security Service, the follow- 
ing directive of the General Staff of the Middle East was trans- 
mitted "by Radio via Smyrna to Athens on the end of Fehruary 19^. 

"1. As quick as possible, independent bases must 
be established at the Aegean isles, the Cyclades and at the 
seven isles consisting of one chief officer, one radio operator 
and approximately ten men. 

These bases will be subordinated to us and will 
make direct contact with us. 

2. Each base has to keep one or two Kaiks* at its 
disposal, the staying of which has to be confirmed if ever pos- 
sible. The Zaiks* must remain at their bases and will only 
make small journeys in emergency base for camouflage. 

3. These bases have to be erected on the following 
isles: Lemnos, Leokas, Euboea, Andros, Tinos, Zea, (Tsia, Zith- 
nos, Syros, Mykenos, Paros, Nacon, Naxos, Kybhera, Mylos, Creta, 
Xaphallania and others, if need be as per further directions of 
us. 

k. The task of these bases will be: 

A. To pick up the crew-members of those Allied 
planes which bombed the "Balkan-States and which were forced to 
land on the isles or the sea owing to break-down. 

B. To check up all possible information of 
movements of German Forces etc. For this task determined 
regulations will be issued to the chiefs of these bases as soon 
as they will be established. Presumable further supplementary 
orders will be issued. 

5. At any rate and with all sacrifices the whole 
program has to be accomplished up until 15th April because from 
this time on heavy bombing of the Balkan States will be started." 

According to supplementary reports, these bases are to serve 
not only for rescuing of planes being forced to land in emergency 
but also in event of Turkey' s participation of war and will be 
used for the invasion to Thrazia, Bulgaria on the one and of 
Albania on the other side. 



-433- CONFIDENTIAL 






Ju.»J X->&L\. 






- 



The -Tara! Intelligence Division, ITaval Staff particularly iirec- 
ted the at tent i en of the 3 r.-y.i.: irg leneral, Arned Jcrces, South 
v ' = st tc the necessity of thoroughly checking of 






Nothing to report 



a— -■• Situation 



2r the rcrrirg of 2? March, two lancing craft with 2 C Russian 
soliiers drifted ashore 26 riles north— east of Ak Kechet. 



I 



Accoriing to repcr 

= — erbarkaiior ~ - ** 
out ir the "begimi 



:s of the Intelligence livisicu, a larding ano 
s eurre of the Hack Sea Tleet are to "be carried 
is of Arril ir the area of ITovorcssisk - luarse 









i —~ a t m or -rat ions 
id e r Ian i- sear lane 3 are 



1 oris § Serious damage was inflicted. A. — ulsarian amunici^n 
depot "blew up. Sligh 
naval headcuarters. 



:arage only vas inflicted at cur own 



eneny front the Admiral 31ack Sea ~6~u?sced ~he Incur Sou~h 
for reinforcing of the outflanking defense positions of this 
town "by allocating alarm anti aircraft batteries. 






To thing to rerort. 



rccTJiiiniAi 



30 Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Impo rtance 

As the Government remained in minorit rith one vote, in subor- 
dinate matters Churchill asked for 3 vote of confidence which 
is expected to be accepted with large majority. 

Otherwise, no particular reports were submitted. 



Conferenc e o n the Situation with th e Cormir-nder in Chief, T:avy 

I. At their torpedo operation in proceeding to their operatic 
area during the night of 29 '.arch, the 8th PT-boat Flotilla made 
pick-up ten USA- airmen by two boats and then detached both the 
boats so that the remaining ooerational ts.sk only was executed 
with a group of four boats of the 3th PT-boat Flotilla, accord- 
ing to the brief report of the Commander PT-boats. 

Further investigation on this strange mode of acting was ordered 
by the Commander in Chief, Wavy. Thereupon the Chief of Staff 
of Naval Staff called the deputy of the Commander PT-boats who 
was on leave, by Dhone, who approved the decision of the Com- 
mander 8th PT-boat Flotilla. To him the Chief of Staff of 
Naval Staff declared that the Commander in Chief, Navy did not 
agree with this precaution because it was weakening the power 
of the attack. 

Later on, the Commander PT-boats reported by telegram that the 
decision of detaching this subdivision of boats was made 
because of comnass disturbances on the boats being in question. 
The Commander PT-boats on his part also approved the decision 
of the Flotilla Commander unconnected with the matter of com- 
pass disturbances referring to the possibility that the enemy 
would have rescued the prisoners and reports that no operative 
set backs did turn out because of suspending the operation 
later on by other reasons. 

But at the given conditions picking up the prisoners before the 
attack was wrong. 



II. Army Situation: 

Personnel changes are to be expected in the command of the Army 
Groups. Presumably the Generals Model and Schoerer will be 
appointed to new commands. But no details are known up to now. 



-4-35- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
30 Mar. 19^ 

The General Staff of the Army considers the acute danger of the 
Odessa troops to he cut off as imminent. "Enemy large scale 
attacks are to he expected from North and 13ast in the Crimea. 

Generally, the withdrawal of the 6th and 8th Armies is going on 
as planned, partially with serious fighting. On the Pruth River 
the enemy is speedily closing up. 

Cernauti has been captured. Stanislavov is defended by troops 
of furloughers which were quickly scraped together. Our own 
operations in the area of Brest-Litovsk gained terrain. Reliev- 
ing troops approached Kovel up to six km. 

Heavy enemy attacks were repulsed in the Narva- sec tor. 

At the Italian Southern Front, enemy pressure decreased essen- 
tially in the area of Cassino. 



III. The Quartermaster G-eneral. Naval Staff is reporting on 
the Romanian demand concerning the evacuation of Galati and the 
Danube ports situated east of it. Concerning that, the Chief of 
Operations Branch . Operations Division. Naval Staff reports that 
the High Command Armed Forces/Operations Staff, Navy was reques- 
ted to stop this precaution if possible via the German General 
in Romania. 



IV . O ral report of the Chief of Operations Branch. Operations 
Division Naval Staff; 

a. Up to the morning of 29 March, the Army Group F asked 
for statements concerning "Freischuetz." * 

1. If the Navy is being ready and when, 

2. Which vessels would be employed referring to the 
known request of the Army Head Quarters 17 and the Army Group F. 

3. Can the continuous supply for the Army approximately 
consisting of 1500 men be safeguarded, referring to the doubts 
concerning the losses of ships. 

Under assumption that the German Air Force will protect the over- 
sea transportation and the execution of the operation in concen- 
trated manner, the Admiral Adriatic answered the question in a 



-436- CONFIDENTIAL 



< 



< 



* 



CONFIDENTIAL 
30 Mar. 19^ 

positive sense. Cooy of relevant telegram as per l/Skl 987/^4 
Gkdos Chefs, in War Diary Part C Volume XIV. 

The Group South sent its own thorough assessment on the -possi- 
bility of execution of this operation "Freischuetz" to the Army 
Groun F with copy to the Operations Division, Naval Staff. In 
directing the attention to the changes of the situation, the 
G-rouD is stating: 

"a. Only 13 combined operation-boats and four assault boats 
are available as transporting vessels. Owing to losses, the 
Navy only can dispose of two Siebelt-Ferries and nine Inf. -boats 
of 100 respectively 30 men capacity. In addition to that, if 
need be four fight ing-3iebelt-Ferries which preferably are to be 
employed as escorting vessels. 

b. Therefore, transport capacity is insufficient at present. 
Reinforcement by 20 coastal motor sailing ships is to be expec- 
ted up to 15 April. If then the number of vessels will be great 
enough for crossing all the troops with the first wave remains 
questionable. Here, it is unknown if the Combined Operations 
battalion will be able to concentrate further landing craft. The 
crossing in several waves during the night following each other 
is considered to be nearly not possible to be carried out. 

c. On behalf of the Navy must be added the landing company 
of the Admiral Adriatic with 120 men on their own small assault 
boats. 

d. Escort-vessels today: 
one torpedo boat 

four fighting Siebelt-Ferries 
three PT-boats 

From 15 April: 

one new and three old torpedoboats, 

probably one submarine chaser, 

four PT-boats 

six motor minesweepers, 

four combat ferries. 

Thus being sufficient for the planned operations supposing the 
support of the German Air Force in required sense. 

Comprising everything, the Group is of the opinion that the in- 
sufficiencies of materiel f.e. the insufficient capacity of ton- 
nage dare not prevent the operation. This one is necessary and 
urgent. Therefore, the shortage of materiel has to be overcome, 



-^37- CONFIDENTIAL 



3C u ar. i~~~ 

_ t _ • — « w — — _ >~ — — =. — - w - _ . ~ — »- — ■. ~ - t: . — ■* _ - ~ - C » ~ ♦ — .,-__~__, ^.w^_ 

sicn is a—'-lved a* - '"he --I'll." ari the ^ a "** v z ■ r A ir ~crce. 

Continuous supply of the isle trill be possible after occurring, 
though with losses. But this is seriously depending en the 
aerial sittiat ien, that is :: sav relevant aerial cover has to 
"re put at di?~csal for the transfer cf surnlv cranstcrts every 
time. 

3Sie CoaBn».nder in Thief, 1'avv full;.- agree! with this assessrerc. 



ra - -n — ~ t+— &r -•, — - r- « 



rertrt by the Iterations Division, Haval Staff with tne fclicw- 



1. In principle the declared of the ."aval Staff for capturing 

lissa will be maintained, "tut the assumption for execution of 
-his operation and the following continuous supply cf the occu- 
pation forces of this isle will "be the relevant support by the 



1-ernan Air .-tree. 






rrscted by 



2. Whether the tennage 

-t -rations will really he available is at first depending on 
the aerial situation in the whole Adriatic coastal channels, 

'rases and dockyards). 



lory cf relevant ~.= iiegran as r^r 1 Ski I or 1001 — Ikdcs Ihefs 
in : 'ar Diarv Part I Tolurte XI7. 



b, lecture cf reflection: 
occupation cf the Aland-Island 
2- March. 



cf the ITaval Staff concerning the 
relevant reccrd in ar liary 



The "c-orjander in Chief, oTavv gave his censent. 



7. Oral revert :f the Thief cf the .nder*ater C'tstacles Branch 



T".. 



■a ■*• ~ "I : 



midentified ietonations vert observed in the 

trial barrages planted ir Decenter ~ z ~; eff le Havre ani ecuipped 
with AAt_ E -f irirg devices. After having iisctverei unimportant 
leakages, se~eral new barrages were laid out in neantine. Turthei 
self-detonations were net observed ur t: n:w, The inrrcvei fir- 
ing device _A%- X has been released. 



-^33- 






CONFIDENTIAL 
30 Mar. 1^44 

2. The EMF-barrage* has "been tested in the Skagerrak even 
in heavy weather. In the last time, complaints arrived from the 
western Mediterranean. Thereupon new trials were arranged by 
the Min*\La.ying Trials Command in especially unfavorable waters 
at the Gulf of Eiscay, thus revealing that the mine was not 
satisfactory. Therefore, the use of this mine previously v/as 
prohibited at the Atlantic coast and Norway. 

3. In the DM - device translator's note: pressure magnet- 
ic fuse), the pressure box proved to be not tightened enough, so 
that durability was too short. The defect will be removed. 

^. The break-down of the Pertrix firm in Berlin, due to air 
damage caused important set-backs in delivering ignition batter- 
ies. Previously from April the break-down will be finished. 

Conclusively the Chief of the Underwater Obstacles Branch/Naval 
Ordnance Division reports that according to the situation of 
possibilities all is done and still is going on for avoiding 
these defects in personnel and materiel sense. 

The Quartermaster G-eneral will pay his attention for increasing 
the supply of the mining research as soon as possibility is 
appearing for that. 



Special Items: 

I . From the Information on ihe Situaticn by the Armed Forces 
Operations Staff. Navy: 

1. For a new time the Fuehrer asked for assurance by the 
! T avy that the forces projected for the Peipus-Flotilla will be 
at their places in the moment the ice is melting. 

2. Concerning the situation in Italy, the Armed Forces 
Operations Staff has the opinion that no large scale attack 
would be planned at the main front by the enemy but on the 
other hand a serious attack would be expected from the beach- 
head, presumably coordinated with landing operations on other 
places. In this case, our own military situation will highly 
be intensified because no reinforcements of troops are possible 
to be sent to Italy. The railroad situation in Italy is meet- 
ing increasing difficulties. At improving weather conditions 

and shorter nights, aggravation of the situation will be expected. 

3. The attitude of the Hungarian divisions at the Eastern 
Front in event of enemy pressure is arising serious doubts on 



-^39- CONFIDENTIAL 



C0ITFIDF2TTIAL 
30 Mar. 19^- 

their general ahility of standing fire. Therefore strong sup- 
port "by German forces vill he required. 

k u The Fuehrer refused to suspend the general direction, 
saying that no troop transports dared to he executed aboard of 
steamers on which the cargo is consisting of high explosive 
materiel. 

5. The Italian Government approached the Pope with the 
request to employ papal ships with the supply of the Soman 
population. For that purnose the Vatican previously will 
request the promise of a neutralized port in the Italian area. 
In regard to our own supply situation, the Commanding General 
Armed Forces South West thinks the execution of this precau- 
tion to he desirahle. The High Command, Army also principally 
gave its consent hut raised douhts concerning the consent of 
the enemy. 

6. The Reich Commissioner of Maritime Shipping submits a 
report on the situation in sea-shipping from Dec emher 19**3« 



II. In regard to the question concerning the effects of the 
capture of ITicolaev and the thinning up operation of Odessa 
which was put up hy the ITaval Staff, the Group South gave its 
assessment as follows: 

1. "The Capture of ITicolaev reduced the repair capacity 
in the Black Sea for 50^. 

2. The capacity of Odessa however was increased hy trans- 
fer from T T icolaev and hy handing over of the Romanian dockyards 
situated there, so that generally the requirements of repairs 
was fulfilled. 

3. At this time the Naval Fitting-Out Depot of ITicolaev is 
"being transferred into the area of Galati-Braila and the capa- 
city of ITaval outfitting and repair works Constanta is "being 
increased hy the transfer of TTicolaev dockyard. 

^. Increasing of the Black Sea's capacity is planned hy 
handing over the P.omanian repair shops of Constanta to the 
Commissioner for the South-Fastern Countries. 

5. As transfer and installation of new work shops is 
going on at present, the capacity is "below that one which is 
to he expected later on. From here the amount of time for that 
cannot be estimated. 

-440- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
30 Mar. 19^ 

6. As the Dockyard Control Staff of the Admiral Black Sea 
already has evacuated respectively has prepared for evacuation 
from Odessa all the working objects which are not expected to 
be finished up on 2 Aoril, which at this time is delayed owing 
to bad v/eather conditions and lack of tugs, there will be coun- 
ted on that these ones will be accomplished at the new places 
with minor delay only. 

7. It must be counted on that, after starting time of 
these new installations, the demands of repair work only can be 
fulfilled in concentrating all powers. Inquiry concerning this 

[may be made) to the Commissioner for South Eastern Countries 
who is responsible for all the repair work going on. 

^ III. On inquiry of the Operations Branch, Naval Staff the 

Group West reports that immediately after the first attack 
against the submarine-escort off the Atlantic Coast, the Com- 
manding Admiral, Defenses West and the Commander Submarines, 
West have investigated the necessity of conversion of the es- 
cort service relevant to the new situation. In accordance with 
the Group West, the new type submarine escort already has been 
started. Following to that, open water escorts only would be 
arranged for damaged incoming submarines. For all other sub- 
marines, escorts are restricted up to the inner meeting points 
and as far as possible have been reinforced. Reception at the 
meeting point will be made at dawn. Proceeding between inner 
and outward meeting points always is to be made emerged in the 
night, deep diving trial will be made during the day in the 
vicinity of the outward meeting point. The naval forces get- 
ting free by abolishing the open water escorts will be employed 
in strengthening of the inner escorts and in increased sweeping 

^ of the outer channels. Owing to possible single ground mines 

not being cut or deep standing ATE-mines,* the submarines are 
not to dive too deep on the outer ways. Beyond that, the Com- 
mander Submarines West agreed with the X. Air Corps upon the 
close covering of inner escorts proceeding on day with one wave 
each. Regularly this would mean covering up to the harbor 
entrance. In case that several escorts are proceeding at the 
same time, the air cover will be organized conjointly for ports 
in the neighbourhood and in double for separated ports. At the 
present situation in the Air Force, continuous execution is not 
secured but is to be expected for most of the escorts. These 
measures are illustrating further withdrawal from the enemy 
pressure towards our own coast. The single proceeding of out- 
going submarines will be prolonged for one day while no diffi- 
culties would arise for returning submarines. Increased mine 
danger caused by single proceeding was thought to be bearable. 
For the whole, these precautions are signifying increased 



-441- CONFIDENTIAL 



Z CUFUZIa — : _L 
30 Kar. 19— 

dazja^ed s\i"bziar inr s fr tl_ tile o\rt 5r r-c int s is ^1^ _"-*"-- i~ case tiist 
vessels are lacking a.: the C:zr^.r.iire Adnirsl defenses Vest. 
But swirg t : far tec szall cLa.r^iels within the lizes cf "d-ovs, 



a 6TSji vhere tils s r ~ "- airoraft "oro~eot ion of submarines b" 



- ,- -i" ~ *. — « — '- j- j. -« .— —.-^ V" ^\ -* ~l ~ £ HI. — !T "" ^ **" ™ "**" O — ^ * * ~ »* C 






Z:r~:" strengthening has "been started. I"he Air -oroes C~ 
Staff >~as inferred or. the rev situation and advisee that 



-". During his last visit at the Fuehrer's Zeadouarters, the 
Chief cf Staff :f 5aval Staff referred the Chief of >eueral 
Staff, Air Joroe t: the neoessitv of increasing the forces :f 
the ~~ th Air Force and received ad e * * s ~ ~ ~ -" ^-^ * « a — —;:»-3 i ctq**'s 
note: the tve following lines are crossed out, then the folio*' 
ins is in handwriting: see in reoords of rroceedirgs T Tnfor- 
tunatelv nothing has harrened u_ to ncv. In the contrary, the 
Commander in Chief, Air ?orce/Cperations Staff, Operations 
Branch 1'aval liaison is connunicating cj lelegrau that streng- 
tn e n i n- 7 o f th e s Mb na r in s c h a s i ~ -^ """o , **c a s "** v *"* c - *" a ' a ■** o * *.y<a 
ving ! 'ic6 fron the Slcagerrak to South-Western Forvay viU be 
ordered corresponding to the request of the Ctre**a*'"o r s l^v* — 
s ion, Faval Staff fron 3C March, "but that rrevicusiy no trans- 
fer of bohber souadrons is rl?nned for fighting the C;?-ccnvcv3 
particularly because no convoy shiprins has been observed 

Immediately after reception of the "elesran, the report is con- 
ins in that at 1~CC ~PZ has been detectei b~ air reorr.r.aiE = anoe 



1 ahs ha sec~0"* bv *rw o five- "^ ~ nb e ■" = ~d o^e ~" -~ ~ e ** ■ =r ~ ~ n - ~ ~"z. ■*■ ; 



% 



2- 



- ^- -* — — - ' _,. 



CONFIDENTIAL 
30 Mar. 1944 

the area of Petssjno remain available for escorting the convoy- 
shipping. 

Concerning the Adriatic, the Commander in Chief, Air/Operations 
Staff is notifying that no fighter forces will he available at 
the coast. 

Purely one fighter group is staying in 'Nish and one squadron in 
Athens. In consideration of the defense situation in the Reich 
which is strained to the utmost, no transfer of fighter forces 
into the area of Adriatic will he expected. But it might he 
possible to set up fighter cover in restricted extent for par- 
ticular operation e.f. for the Operation "Freischuetz."* 

As to bomber squadrons, there is one available in the area of 
Vienna which attacked Lissa on 28 March. This squadron may 
support the operation "Freischuetz" effectively. On behalf of 
this operation, the Chief of the Air Force Operations Staff 
agrees with the opinion of the G-roup South and the Operations 
Division, Naval Staff. The operation has to be ordered by the 
Armed Forces High Commsjid. 

If the enemy air forces will not be fought by 
our own Air Force, the supply of the Armed 
Forces which is depending on this area will 
cease with all its consequences then revealing 
for warfare in Italy and especially in the 
Balkans. 



V. The Operations Division, Naval Staff informs the Quartermas- 
ter Division that up to now all attempts trying to strengthen 
the anti aircraft protection of the Adriatic ports have failed 
because neither the German Air Force nor the Navy can detail 
forces into this area. Efforts for reaching reinforcements in 
fighter cover also remained msuccessful because of the neces- 
sity of the Reich defense, wow the protection of ships is 
only depending on the power of their anti aircraft weapons. 
Therefore the Quartermaster Division was requested to instruct 
and inform the Operations Division, Naval Staff of the stand of 
anti aircraft weapons on the vessels operating in the Adriatic 
if tliere are still existing requests in this connexion which 
are not fulfilled and which conditions could accomplish them. 
At this time, this matter will be treated as professed ma.in 
task. 



-443- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
30 Mar. 19^+ 

VI. In answering the application of the Group South concerning 
the transfer of "batteries to Vis (see "'far Diary 29 March), the 
Quartermaster Division is deciding that no materiel and person- 
nel can "be detailed from home area. The Group South is 
referred to the draught -of the Quartermaster Division from 
15 March saying that eleven "batteries are available, four of 
them are planned to "be established at the 7!ast coast of Istria 
so that seven batteries will remain available for Vis. Distri- 
bution as to their calibres will be left to the Group South' s 
own discretion. The personnel is to be taken from Naval Artil- 
lery Detachment which were newly brought up. 



VII. With 22 January the Operations Division asked the Comman- 
ding Admiral Adriatic to give an assessment of the reliability 
and efficiency of the Croates in combat. The Naval Liaison 
Staff Croatia submitted an assessment of the situation and a 
report of work of the Naval Liaison Staff with 7 February for 
the time from beginning of December 19^3 "to the end of January 
19^. A.s per 1 Ski 5023/^4 Gkdos, the report is to be found in 
the documents of l/5kl I c B 10 e. Generally, it describes a 
less pleasing picture but has, however, won no clear survey on 
the reliability of the Croates that could not be expected fac- 
ing to the confused situation in this area. 

The report arrives at the conclusion that previously the 
materiel construction of a Croatian Navy exceeding beyond the 
demands of our Adriatic Coast cannot be answered for, but that 
it \<ould be necessary, however in the Navy' s own interest to 
pull as many young replacement troops from this country as pos- 
sible for Croatian return service to our efforts in Croatia and 
to hold as big a number of contingents at German instruction 
detachments in order to place them in our own defense front if 
need be. Previously these soldiers would show readiness to aid 
the war effort and efficient performances in every theater out- 
side of Croatia. 

This report was made known to the Quartermaster Division, Naval 
Staff and to the Recruitment Division. 



IX. After presentation of the wire controlled torpedo at the 
Torpedo Experimental Station on 28 March, the Commander in Chief, 
Navy ordered that for strengthening of the coastal defense in 
the area of the Group West, 35 batteries with 30 torpedoes each 
have to be established with acceleration. Adequate directive has 



-Wf- C ONF IDENTLAL 



COIIFIDZHTIAL 
30 Mar. 19^4 

been conveyed to the Torpedo Branch. The torpedo gets the code- 
name "SDinne." Further arrangements will be made by the Quarter- 
master Division, Naval 7ar Staff. According to its desire, the 
Torpedo Branch will be participated in the planning of batteries 
in other Group areas. 



X. The transfer of the first group of twelve naval landing 
craft from Genoa to the Adriatic is going on. Because at this 
time the German Naval Command Italy only is disposing of 65 
naval landing craft and previously the number of new construc- 
tions for the German Naval Command will remain very small, the 
Quartermaster Division, Naval Staff ordered that no transfer 
will be executed until July 19^-f-. Besides this, it is ordered 
that six of the naval landing craft being in transfer at first 
are to remain for the disposal of the German Naval Command Italy 
for use at the Italian Eastern Coast. 



Situation 30 March 19**4 
I . War in Foreign Waters: 

1. Enemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 

2. Own Situation: 

In answering adequate request, the Naval Attache Tokyo is report- 
ing on • 28 March that in principle the Japanese Navy is disposed 
to support the oil supply of our own combat boats in the east of 
Madagascar by Japanese submarines. The Japanese Navy is propos- 
ing to supply the battle boats which are coming from Germany only 
so far that they would reach Penang with short operational time 
in the Bay of Bengal and then after having been fitted out start 
for longer-timed operations from there and return to Penang. 
After completed outfitting, the way home is to be carried through 
as transport-boat which is allowed to operate freely. 

The Naval Staff is answering that the supply by two Japanese 
submarines would be very desirable. Preparations are to be made. 
Sunoly terms for May will be transmitted. 



II. Situation V. r est Area: 

-445- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
30 Mar. 1944 

1, Enegg Situation: 

At the 15th Sroup nine, at the 19th Group ^5 planes were detected 
up to 14° Vest. In AM two British vessels were detected. 

2. Own Situation; 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 

Mines were swept: two off 3re3t, five off Belle lie, one off La 
Pallice. The nine-exploding vessel "1" was seriously d ama ged by 
mine off Brest and was towed in. Torpedo boat T "29," ZONDQR, 
and JAGUAB as well as T "27," GEEIF and HOSFE entered Brest as 
planned, The convoy of the steamer DERIHDJ3 was executed to 
Brest as planned. Proceeding to La Pallice had been started in 
the evening. 

Destroyer ZE "l" transferred from Le Verdon to Pauillac. 

Two submarines were escorted incoming. 

Channel Area: 

Two mines were swept in the area of Dunkerque. The 2nd, 4th and 
Sth PT-boat Flotillas have "broken off their operation during the 
night of 29 March, "because only an uncertain radio- intercepted 
report was existing on the southbound convoy and it was assumed 
that on 28 March no SF convoy left the Firth of Forth. The res- 
cue of American airmen is already reported. 

Brief report of the Commander PT-boats see Badiogram 0605. 

During the night of 30 March, torpedo operations of the 5th and 
9th ?T-boat Flotillas in the Hoofden against southbound convoy 
is -olanned. 



III. North Sea. Norway. Northern Waters 

North Sea: 

Bscort mine sweeping and Patrol duties were executed under strong 
efforts of the forces of the Commanding Admiral, Defenses North. 

45.C0C BRT vere r=, scorted in the Zuider Sea and Zealand Waters. 

-446- CCEFID2NTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
30 Mar. 19^4- 

One mine was sv/ept off Terschelling six ir.iles south of Heligo- 
land. Since 18 March 70 mines were swept off the river mouths 
of the Heligoland Bight. 

Owing to suspected minelaying, the? traffic channel Slbe-Jade- 
v e3er was closed. 

Norway, northern './at ers : 

1. Enem.7 Situation: 

At the 18th Group 18 planes were detected in mission. At 0950 
our own air reconnaissance detected two steamers and one destroy- 
er heading k5° in AS 3665 and at 1300 sighted 30 ships steering 
25° in AE 3993* At 1500 a convoy consisting of 30 merchantmen, 
more ships of unknown type, three cruisers and six destroyers 
were reported in AO 3939. At l6l5 the composition of the PQ- 
convoy in AE 3^3^ was detected with kO merchantmen and 22 escort- 
vessels (cruisers and destroyers), formation in four lines ahead. 
By that the expected PQ,-convoy has "been detected. 

According to radio monitoring, attack reports of planes of the 
18th Group on our own convoys v/ere detected at 1850 and shortly 
before midnight of 30 March. Furthermore, one British vessel 
was located in the eastern exit of the Pentland Firth. 

2. Own Situation: 



Additionally on 28 March was reported that at 2325 on 25 March 
between Vardoe and Yadsoe a lorry column of the German Air Force 
was surprisingly attacked by a Russian command of 50 - 70 soldiers, 
Six men are missing, one is killed in action. Presumably the 
evacuation of the Russians has been made by PT-boats. 

At 18^5 the steamer MONTE ROSA belonging to the southbound con- 
voy was unsuccessfully attacked with gunfire and torpedoes by 18 
Beaufighter planes. Four attacking planes were shot down by 
escort vessels and one by the battery Haugesund. 

Shortly after midnight, one of our own convoys again was attacked 
by torpedoplanes in the Fliestein channel without result. 

The Admiral Northern Caters/Commander Submarines, Norway reports 
the groups "Thor," "Hammer" and "Blitz" consisting of tv;elve 
submarines to be in their attacking areas from AB ^ol+Q to AB 8858. 
The submarine T T "673" is set up in the approach road of the 
operational area for reconnaissance from the ice bank and sub- 
marine U "360" from the South. Another submarine is leaving 



-^47- CONFIDENTIAL 



CCFJ'iDgflTIAL 
30 Mar. 19^ 

Hammerfest and three more are leaving Narvik, so that a total of 
18 "boats are participating in attacking the PQ, 31. The Comman- 
der Submarines, Forway is planning to lay out patrol lines imme- 
diately from AB 5795 to AB 8673- This line has "been set up in 
such a manner that previously the attack on the convey will 
happen during the night of jl March in concentric form. "Dis- 
tance from boat to boat 10 miles. All arrangements concerning 
contacting, concentration and beacon signals as veil a? the use 
of flare facilities were discussed with the Air Commander. Tor 
the last time the convoy was reported by our own air reconnais- 
sance at 0133 en 31 March in A3? 1516. 'iind was reported K1C to 
North four to five, sight one to five miles with minor showers 
of snow. 



IV. Skagerrak. Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea 

1. Fnemy Situation: 
Nothing to report. 

2. Own Situation: 

Thirty- three boats in the Baltic Sea Entrances, 27 boats and 
seven minesweeping planes in the Baltic Sea were engaged in 
minesweeping. Sight mines were swept in the Kiel Bay and one 
mine in Samsoe-Belt. After having struck two mines, the steam- 
er ERFURT (4201 BUT) sunk in the western exit of the Fehnarn 
Belt. The Channel from exit of Kiel Bay into the Fehmarn Belt 
was closed. 

Escort duties executed without special events. 

The destroyers 2 "28," "35" and "39" executed night exercises 
west of Na shorn. 

The auxiliary cruiser HAllS GEGRG with four naval landing craft 
is transferring from Windau to Tallinn. The minelayer BRIMMER 
was detached from Tallinn to Fillau for fetching mines. 

The night-fighter directing ships TOGO and EETTELBECK are 
reported to be in night operation off Tallinn. 

The ITarva Bay patrol was detained owing to drifting ice and mud 
ice. The armed fishing smacks and artillery ferry barges were 
withdrawn to Zaspervik. 



-W- C0E3TIDSETIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
30 Mar. 19^ 

The enemy air activity against our own forces in the Gulf of 
Finland v/as very strong. Several times the attacks were carried 
through by groups up to 100 planes. Our own boats shot down 
three planes and sustained losses in personnel. 

The harassing attack on Kiel during the night of 29 March is 
already reported. 

From the area of the Army Group ITarva, the Admiral Baltic Coun- 
tries reported fierce fighting for annihilating the enemy West- 
sack occupation. Relieving attempts were repulsed. 

On 28 March our own cutting off front south of Ostrow was 
repulsed one km. A strong enemy attack is expected south of 
Pskov. 

Special Items: 

1. The Commander in Chief, Air issued the directive 
that the 4th Air Force has to transfer six planes Ju 52 MS with 
crews and three minesweeping squadrons in the area of the- Air 
Force Fleet to Xastrup south of Kobenhavn where they will be 
subordinated to the 5th Minesweeping squadron. 

2. During Fleet exercises, the Commanding Admiral, 
Fleet and the Chief of the Training Unit, Fleet uttered to the 
Chief of Operations Division, ITaval Staff that the execution of 
dredging in the port of Libau are to be considered particularly 
urgent. Thereby it was mentioned that only minor quantities are 
necessary to be dredged in order -to result that heavy cruiser 

S CHEER and PRDTZ EUGEF would be able to touch Libau. 

The Quartermaster Division was requested to arrange further pro- 
ceedings with the note that greatest value would be laid on the 
fact to create the above mentioned possibility for the large 
cruisers. 

3. By reason of the accentuation of minefield situ- 
ation in the western Baltic Sea, the ! T aval Command Fast applied 
for allotment of three to four cleaning vessels of the Mining 
and Barrage School during four weeks. The ITaval Staff requests 
the Mining and Barrage School for report which vessels could be 
detailed and which effects would occur by this kind of allocation. 



V. Submarine Warfare: 

-449- CONFIDEM'IAL 



C 02TF ED STllAl 
30 Mar. 19^ 

On 27 March subnarine IT H 5 3 2 rl sunk the Australian steamer AC-I 
l~>jL BST) in II 5755 in the Indian Ocean. 

In the operational area off -Torth Minch, the submarine "J "621" 
sunk one 'Unidentified vessel with Zaurkoenig* and began to rrc- 
ceed here. 

Submarine U n 1224 r ' (MAF.CC ?CLC II) with Japanese crew left Kiel. 



"I . Aerial "■■"arfare: 

Ves t Area; 

During the day IOC enemy penetrations into the area Calais- 
Aliens with attacks on the airfield of lirdthofen were reported. 
Jive planes flew into the area of Dieppe in Western France and 
four planes penetrated from, the South. 

During the nigh" of 30 March, a number of airfields were 
attacked in Belgium— ITcrtheru France. In Western France, the 
penetration of -5 planes into the area of Le Havre, Lyon, 
Angers, 3ayeux was reported, presumably in supplying agents. 

ZTine Me H ^1C planes completed harassing attacks on london 
without own losses, Twelve JW 193' s attacked East bourn also 
without any losses. 

During the night of 30 Maroh, several ICC bombers raided Mures- 
berg in an attack which was called of medium- serious size. 
Shirty— four night fighters sent cut from the 3^d Air Perce shot 
down 13 enemy planes certainly and one probably. The defense 
results of the Air Force "Beich" are still not yet known. 

Mediterranean Theater! 

On 29 March the ener.v reconnaissance activity over the Aegean 
and at the Albanian Coast was unimportant. Over Leros one 
Spitfire was shot down by anti-aircraft artillery. One anti- 
aircraft artillery emplacement at Corfu was attacked with gun- 
fire by two Spitfires. Further attacks were made on the sea 
plane base of Cattarc and Bagusa. 

One hundred liberators with fighter escort coming from the area 
cf Foggia attacked the railway station :f Bolzano and several 



-±5C- COS? ID ZMIIA 



CONFIDENTIAL 
30 Mar. 19^ 

airfields in the vicinity. German and Italian fighters 9hot 
down one attacking plane each, anti-aircraft artillery three 

more. 

farther attacks were executed on Turino and the railway station 
of Milano whereby three planes were shot down by Italian 'fight- 
ers and two of our own planes were lost. Besides this, air- 
fields and railway installations and one radio set near Cecina 
and the harbor of Ancona were attacked by minor forces or isola- 
ted planes respectively in the northern Italian area. 

Five hundred and fifty enemy planes operated in the Front Area 
and in the beachhead, two of them were shot down. 

Own planes executed harassing flights in the beachhead. 

On 29 March four of our own bombers damaged a sailing ship off 
Patras. Forty- three ground attack aircraft and fighters 
attacked ship targets off Anzio and obtained five presumable 
hits on freighters. Five of our planes were lost. One enemy 
fighter was shot down. 

During the night of 29 March, twelve of our own bombers laid 
mines in the area off Anzio for a new time. 

A.t 0805 on 30 March, our own air reconnaissance detected a west- 
bound convoy of 25 steamers ITS of Bengasi. 

Eastern Area: 

On 29 March 1507 own and 1178 enemy missions were flown. Eight 
of our own planes were lost, 17 enemy planes were shot down. 

The sighting of the PQ-convoy has already been reported. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean a nd Black Sea: 

1. Area of the Naval Group Vest: 

Enemy Situation: 

At 1000 one convoy of 59 freighters, 13 tankers, seven presumable 
LST's with eleven destroyers and one cruiser presumably US-convoy 
steering to the Mediterranean was reported in the Gibraltar 
Straits. 



-451- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
30 Mar. 19^ 

At noon one CAIRO-class cruiser left Gibraltar eastbound. 

Own Situation: 

In the course of transfer to Italy, five vessels (15^ BRT) were 
escorted off the French South coast. 

A.t 0920 one of our own submarines entering Toulon was fired on 
with a missing triple-spread salvo by an enemy submarine. 

2. Area of the 'German Naval Command Italy 

Enemy Situation: 

On the afternoon of 29 March, no essential changes were stated # 

in the area of Anzio. On the morning of 30 March, withdrawal 

of landing facilities was observed contrary to the day before. 

At 0530 our own air reconnaissance detected 25 merchantmen and 

three patrol boats heading West NNE of Alexandria. Sighting of 

the westbound convoy NKS of Bengasi is already reported-. The 

German Naval Command Italy is assuming this to be supply for 

the Southern Front. 

Own Situation: 

The enemy raids on ports of the West coast were continued. On 

the afternoon of the 29 March, one barge, two naval landing craft, 

two barges and one small vessel were sunk in Livorno. On the 

afternoon of 15 March, the motor minesweepers R B l6l," RA "256" 

and two barges sank in Livorno. Damage in the shipyards is not 

yet stated. Owing to air raid, the repair yard on Portoferaio 

was annihilated. In the Arno-mouth one barge was damaged and set '-^ 

aground. Minor damage on the piers was inflicted in Ancona. 

During the night of 29 March, three motor minesweepers and the 
minelayer OLDENBURG accomplished the minefield task "Stachel- 
schwein" HI of Capraia and PT-boats MAS "^-1" and "75" executed 
the mine laying task east of Grirogio as planned. 

Minesweeping in our own barrages 5E of Elba remained without 
result during the night of 28 March and were not continued 
during the night of 29 March owing to bad weather conditions. 
Escort and patrol duties too were detained owing to bad weather 
conditions. 

During transfer the Italian PT-boat MAS "502" sunk 3E of Piom- 
bino, owing to bad weather. Also between Venice and Ancona a 
towed convoy lost one pontoon owing to sea damage. 

-452- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
30 Mar. 19^ 

From La Pallice the submarine U n k66 tt executed transfer into the 
Mediterranean during time from 4-30 March. The boat is assum- 
ing net barrage in CG 9&71 owing to a scraping sound at the hull 
of the boat. Immediately afterwarde a fierce detonation took 
place owing to which two metres of the bow were wrenched off. 
As already reported, the boat was unsuccessfully attacked with 
triple-spread salvo in entering Toulon outside of the harbor 
barrage. 

3. Area of the Naval Group South: 

a. Adriatic: 

Enemy Situation: 

The vessels which were sighted on the evening of 29 March in the 
area of Cattaro presumably were four or six gunboats. 

Own Situation: 

At Hvar our own troops reached Jelsa. The enemy in strength of 
100 soldiers avoided to the West. [Translated by 0p-292A: The 
enemy in strength of several hundred men conducted a tactical 
withdrawal to the west^J 

On 29 March the mopping up of the Isle of Xrk ^lso known as 
VegliaJ has been executed by naval forces. One hundred and seven 
prisoners, among them 14 communist leaders and 20 partisans, were 
brought in. Prom Buccary the KIEBITZ and two infantry landing 
craft executed the operation w Thule n as planned and returned to 
Fiume. 

The minesweeping operations carried through with two minesweep- 
ing planes revealed no result. 

b. Aegean: 

At 2030 on 28 March, two British commando squads in strength of 
eight or ten men accomplished a landing at Stampalia and carried 
off the port commander and one civil captain. The landing of a 
second squad was repulsed. In the northern exit of the Gulf of 
Patras, a suspicious sailing ship was brought to a stand with 
gunfire by two Arado-planes on 29 March and was then forced to 
enter Patras. A second sailing ship which did not stop at call 
was fought with bombs and gunfire. She made herself run aground 
off Oxia. Forces which were transferred to Oxia aboard of 
PT-boat S "601" revealed to be too weak and after having blasted 
the ship, returned to Patras. 



-453- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
30 Mar, 19^ 

On 30 March "both one enemy submarine was sighted off Cape Mata- 
pan and south of Cassandra-Kuk. 

From the convoy which left Chios on 26 March Mythelene hound, 
one coastal defense vessel and another vessel are overdue. On 
26 March the coastal defense vessel GM "68 n ran aground in 
Keriaka- Canal (Chalkidike) and was annihilated. 

c Black Sea: 

At 193C on 29 March one of our own convoys was unsuccessfully 
attacked with two missing torpedoes by enemy submarine west of 
Tendra. During the night of 27 March, one tug boat and one 
tanker barge stranded off AK Metchet. Off Mangalia two sub- 
marine chasers of the convoy tanker BAYREUTH stranded. The 
drifting tanker was towed into Varna by war transport KT "25." 
The ship "9" which ran aground south of Constanta was towed 
off and docked. 

Submarine U "23 M left Constanta, submarine U "9" entered 
Feodosiva. 

Convoys were carried through as planned. Two thinning-up con- 
voys entered Sulina coming from Odessa. 

Ochakof and Pervomaisk are evacuated entirely. Naval and Army 
units were transferred to Odessa by naval landing craft. The 
17 cm and 28 cm mortars, which could not be dismantled by the 
army owing to lack of tractors, were blasted. Enemy action "by 
harassing fire shortly before transloading inflicted no effect. 

During the night of 29 March, the first minelaying operation in 
the Dnieper-Liman was executed by mine-naval landing craft as 
planned. The second minelaying operation is planned during the 
night of 30 March. 

No particular reports were submitted from the patrol line in 
Kerch-Straits. 

Rather serious damage was inflicted on naval building by the 
day air raid on Sofiya. For a large part, the Quartermaster 
office of the Group South is not able for work. Wire communi- 
cations were shut down owing to breakdown of all long distance 
communications. The Armed Forces communications net in town is 
destroyed. Naval teletype and telephone exchange are broken 
down. Minor losses of personnel. 



-454- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
30 Mar. 19^ 

The Naval Liaison Staff Romania ia reporting to the Army Group A 
with copy to the Group South, that the Romanian Minister of the 
Navy is urgently desiring to keep the steamer A1DA JULIA for 
only disposal of the Romanians in order to carry off ammunition 
from Odessa. Thereby the pretended evacuation of 1100 wounded 
will he impossible. 

VIII. Situation Eastern Asia: 

In answering an inquiry put up some time ago, the Naval Attache 
Tokyo is now conveying a message of the Japanese Admiralty Staff 
saying that, after careful Japanese checking , th e enemy totally 
is employing 7»5& millions BRT of tonnage in South-West Pacific 
inclusively Hawaii, thereof 1.8 millions BRT of tanker space. 
4.07 millions BRT are employed in troop supply. 



^^ 



-J+55- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
31 Mar. 19^ 

Items of Political Importance: 

On 30 March the "British Government got the asked vote of confi- 
dence with ^25 to 23 votes. 

In the House of Commons, Churchill declared that, the Atlantic 
Charter and its principles would remain the dominating aim of 
Great Britain. 

In regard to the Political situation in Finland, the Naval 
Attache reported on 20 March that the Russians now had precised 
their former claim to that form, that the whole area of Petsamo 
will he asked without compensation and indemnification. The 
Finnish delegation is expected to return in the next days. 



Conference on the Situation with the Commander in Chief. Navy: 

I. The Chief of Staff of Naval Staff is reporting on exercises 
of the Trainings Unit Fleet which were impaired by had weather, 
so that the planned aircraft and PT-boats operations had to he 
suspended. The training efficiency of these exercises was 
recognizable during these three days. 



II. Army Situation: 

With promotion to Field Marshal, the General Model assumed the 
command of the Army Group South, the General Schoerer assumed 
the command of the Army Group A. At first the Army Group North 
will be taken by General Lindemann. The Field Marshals v. Man- 
stein and von Kleist have been relieved. 

The withdrawing movements of the 6th and 8th Army are going on 
as planned. The 1st Panzer Army continues its efforts to break 
through in western direction. The last reserves (furloughers) 
were brought into battle in the area of Stanislawow. The situa- 
tion is settled. Tarnopol and Zovel too are continuing the 
defense against heavy enemj- pressure with good results. The 
heavy defense battle east of the Beresina is going on. 



III. The Quartermaster General: 



-k$6- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
31 Mar. 19^ 

Up to now, the Naval Staff always has asked fuel allocations 
from the Armed Forces High Command which seemed to he accep- 
table. The now planned demand of 30»0°° m3's for training pur- 
poses of the ships will certainly exceed the consumption so 
that stocks will he piled up which later on the Armed forces 
High Command will discover. Therefore the Naval Staff is 
intending to restrict the demand to 8000 dk's. 

During his last visit to the Fuehrer's Headquarters, the Com- 
mander in Chief, Navy consciously avoided the report of the "big 
fuel demand, thus postponing it to a later, psychologically 
more suitable moment. 

The Admiral Luettje is to report on the total fuel situation 
of the Navy. 



Special Items: 

I. The increasing number of enemy air raids is expecting a 
more frequent "break-down of wire communications. Beyond that 
the annihilation of radio stations must he counted on. There- 
fore one may count on the demand of mohile radio transmitting 
stations by Headquarters. Besides this the need of having wire 
communication construction detachments at own disposal would 
increase. 

Before demands concerning the disposal of such detachments 
could be raised here, the Chief of Naval Communications Divi- 
sion is requested to inform the Operations Division/Naval 
Staff on the possibilities availahle. 

II. The Naval Group South informed the Naval Staff of the 
following radiogram which the Air Force Command South-East 
wired to the Commander in Chief, Air Force Operations Staff 
on behalf of the nonsufficient defense and patrol forces in 
the southeastern area: 

"The lowest demand for aerial patrol forces and submarine 
chase on day and night amounts to one entire fighter group (type 
BF 109), one group of fight erhombers (type Me ^10 ) two battle 
echelons (type He 111 or Ju 88) equipped with ship searching gear, 
for night operation. The Air Force Command emphasized the opinion 
that in all probability at the present situation the demand for 
supply of the islands cannot be fulfilled. But one must count on 
ever decreasing tonnage, and therefore the supply of the islands 



-^57- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
31 Mar. 1944 

will "become more and more the task of aerial transportation. 
Therefore, all aerial transportation groups available have to he 
held in this area." 

At desire of the Group South, the Naval Staff supports the 
apply of the Air Force Command South East with reference to 
numerous questions already put up in these matters by adeq_uate 
radiograms to the Commander in Chief, Air /Operations Staff, 
Operations Branch Naval Liaison. 

III. The Group West made the application to employ the anti- 
aircraft weapons of the "blockade runners in the coastal defense. 
The Operations Branch, Operations Division, Naval Staff prin- 
cipally agrees with the proposal of the Group West to employ 
the anti-aircraft weapons of the "blockade runners which at this 
time are remaining in the West Area. Regarding the place of 
employment of these weapons, the Quartermaster Division, Naval 
Staff was requested to investigate if the apply of the Group 
West for reinforcing the section south of the Gironde was to 

he granted or if the weapons should be more necessary at other 
places (Adriatic respectively Aegean). 

Draught l/Skl I g 10004/44 Gkdos in War Diary Part C Book X. 

IV. Cancelling former directives, the Armed Forces High Com- 
mand/Quartermaster Division ordered on 29 March: 

H l. Transfer of units of the fighting troops to Hungary 
do require no particular permit of the Armed Forces High 
Command. 

2. Furthermore, the transfer of supply troops and supply 
installations of the Army Groups and Air Forces of the Eastern 
Front do require no particular approval. 

3. Transfer of all the other military offices and troops 
to Hungary is depending on preliminary approval of the Com- 
manding General, Armed Forces South-East or on the offices 
designated "by himself." 

V. Report of the journey of the Lieutenant (s.gr.) Jaeger 
(Fleet Operations Section, Operations Division, Naval Staff) 
in duty as Naval Liaison Officer attached to the Operations 
Staff Margarethe from 25 - 28 March 1944 is to be found as 
per 30 March 1944 in War Diary Part C Book XIV a. 



-458- CONFIDENTIAL 



* 



« 



CONFIDENTIAL 
31 Iter. l# 

Si tuation 31 March 19^ 

I . War in Foreign Waters. 

1 . Enemy Situation: 

The Naval Intelligence Division is reporting on training of US 
landing forces at the American TCast Coast. Copy of the report 
as per l/Skl 12038/44 Geheim in War Diary Part C Boole XVII. 

2. Own Situation: 
Nothing to report. 



II . Situation West, Area: 

1. 3nemy Situation: 

At the 15th Group eight, at the 19th Group were 59 planes, at the 
Azores Squadrons was one plane detected. Two British vessels 
were located in the rendezvous area. Planes of the 19th Group 
reported on own destroyers north-west of the Gironde and ten 
small merchantmen southwest of St. Nazaire, presumably fishermen. 

A.t 0700 our own air reconnaissance sighted one heavy cruiser in 
3P 1278 and more unknown ships on westerly course. 

2. Own Situation: 

Area of the Atlantic Coast: 



The 5th Torpedoboat Flotilla transferred from Brest to La 
Pallice. The destroyer Z "23" sailed from Le Verdon to Pauillac. 

Three incoming submarines were escorted. One mine each was swept 
in the area of the Gironde and in the Quiberon-Bight, two mines 
were swept in the area of St. Jean de Luz. 

Channel Area: 

During the night of 30 March, the 15th Patrolboat Flotilla was 
engaged with four or six enemy PT-boats and gunboats northwest 
of Sornme mouth. Four torpedoes had been avoided. After sudden 
defense fire, the enemy boats went off developing artificial 
smoke screen. Two of them -ere observed to be in fire. Brief 
report see Radiogram 093^. 



-459- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
31 Mar. 1944 

Two mines were swept in the area of Dunkerque. Owing to engine- 
trouble, two "boats of the 3th PT-"boat Flotilla have "been detached 
untimely during the operation of the 2nd, 4th and 8th PT-boat 
Flotillas. Off Ymuiden the two boats were engaged between enemy 
PT-boats and one of our own convoy, they scored hits without 
losses, kt ?3C0 the advancing flotilla was detected by the 
enemy air reconnaissance whereupon then relevant concentrations 
of motor gunboats were to be seen in the Radio picture and the 
convoy was turned off from the outer channel to the inner one. 
All the flotillas untimely met motor gun-boats. Shortly after 
midnight return order was issued. Then the 2nd and 3th PT- 
boat Flotillas were launched- on motor torpedo boats which 
attacked one of our own convoys off Ymuiden. Brief report see 
Radiogram 0715. 

The Group T; 'est reports its plan to lay ground-mine barrages 
equipped with new firing units in the ^ast Channel during the 
new moon period in April, and repeatedly calls for confirmation 
that mines with AA^* and AA2* firing units are released and useful, 
Besides, the Group is requesting for allocation of 900 mines type 
FMC* equipped with chain and snagline and mine fitting tally. 

Concerning the AAn* - firing units, the Naval Staff is certainly 
counting on diminution of disadvantages. Recall of these mines 
will be required in early time in order to send skilled per- 
sonnel from home staff officials for clearing these mines. 
Observing safety distance is particularly important as the tech- 
nically complicated firing unit which is favouring single self- 
detonation. 

Furthermore, the Naval Staff is of the opinion that mines which 
are not sweepable for ourselves should not be laid in defense 
barrages in the vicinity of our own channels. These mines would 
be more suitable for offensive operation. As the duration of 
serviceability of the AA^-barrage cannot be estimated exactly, 
minefield operation by the German Air Force is only left in case 
completion of the barrage would be required. For that, the 
marking by the Navy of the limit beyond which no mines dare be 
laid towards our shore, would in no case be required before Air 
Force operation. Finally, Group West is requested for information 
on why the coastal mines type A-production plant in Le Havre is 
not beginning until 30 April and support of the High Command, Navy 
is offered for precipitation of the project. 

In addition to that, the Group West is reporting that the offen- 
sive operations with mines equipped with new firing units only 
comes in question by strongest efforts, that is to say, conjoint- 
ly with the German Air Force. As this is not counted on pending 



-46 0- CONFIDENTIAL 



% 



(* 



:jfickntial 

31 Mar. 19^ 

further notice, the problem of offensive operation at this time 
is of no value. At this time, defensive tasks are in priority. 
The Group considers the defensive operation of AA]_* - firing 
units right "because the enemy already is sweeping moored mines 
near our own coast v/hich are equipped with snag lines and a,nti- 
sweeoing device, ^he completion of the barrages by the Air 
Force is deemed to b^ unfeasible by the Group, because the 3rd 
Air Forr-e cannot be detailed for longer time owing to bombing 
ooeratior which were ordered by the highest officials and 
because the areas suitable for this minelaying *-'ith AA]_* - firing 
units concerning t,h^ depth are so narrow limited off our own 
coast that even in operating with luminous limitation no exact 
location could b" granted. Therefore, the Group is certainly 
expecting that in reinforcing the own L-barrages from the air, 
our own channels would be blocked. The Group is finding a 
restricted possibility to reinforce the L-barrage in direction 
to our own coa.st as soon as mines would be available and will 
submit adequate plan in nearest time. Beyond that, the Group 
is planning L-barrag^s with AA-firing unit off the Flandres 
coast. 

The coastal mine type A production in Le Havre only begins on 
30 April because the laying of trial barrage off Dieppe is to 
be waited for a.ccomplishments and because the possibilities of 
laying at sea in the area of Cherbourg - Ostende are extraor- 
dinarily limited ov;ing to coastal and ground damage and the 
neighbourhood cf channels. Therefore the production at Dieppe 
is appearing fully sufficient, all the more since the speed of 
laying in the English Channel can not be speeded up because it 
is depending on dark nights. 

The Naval Staff calls the Group West's attention to the fact 
that the anti-sweeping device of the AT-mines translator's 
note: moored minesj is not sufficient and that therefore 
barrages in Channel area would be an important landing ob- 
stacle only by sufficient use of EMR/K.* 



Til . ftorth Sea. Norway, Northern Waters; 

North Sea: 

Owing to bad weather conditions, convoy-mine sweeping and escort 
duties were restricted during the night of 31 March. 

At 2235 en 3G March, a largp number of enemy -olanes penetrated 

-461- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
31 Mar. 1944 

in "broad formation with eastern course into the Heligoland Bight 
which advanced up to the coast of Schleswig-Holstein. These 
were minelaying planes. The mine infected area: off the Forth 
and East Frisian Isles, the area around Heligoland and the Weser 
and Elbe Hiver mouths. Our own fighters took off in the area of 
^'esermuende, Kiel and Bremen. Anti-aircraft firing was reported 
from Eoden, Cuxhaven, Norderney, Heligoland and Wangeroog. 

At 2348 the "battery 2/180 Flushing North was attacked with gun- 
fire "by enemy planes. 

On 31 March two harbor defense "boats were engaged with six or 

eight enemy FT -"boats from 0000 to 0100 off Ymuiden. I o effect 

was observed at' the enemy. No damage and losses occurred at 

the own boats. ^ 



At 0558 submarine alarm was sounded off Oamvik. 

At 1145 two enemy reconnaissance planes were over Xaafjord. 

-462- CONFIDENTIAL 






Owing to radio Monitoring, several enemy PT-boats were then 
towed off in damaged condition. 

Fifteen mines were swept in the Heligoland Bight. 

At 2013 our own air reconnaissance sighted four enemy PT-boats, 
46 miles northwest of Texel with course 40°. 

Norway. Northern Waters; 

1. Enemy Situation: 

During the day, 21 planes were on mission at the 18th Group and 

during the night eight planes operated in the central North Sea 

and off the southern Norwegian coast. At 2030 our own air 

reconnaissance sighted five destroyers in the inner Morray-Firth (% 

and one light cruiser in c0°. 

At 1435 the PQ - convoy was newly detected by our own air 
reconnaissance. Positions were re-ported at 1540 in AB 8448, at 
2140 in AB 7391 and at 2230 in A3 8172, course 30°. 

According to Radio Monitoring, the radio post at Spitzbergen 
transmitted messages with highest priority to Murmansk at 2346 
on 1 April. Shortly after midnight of 'jl March, three Ru3sian 
PT-boats were detected being at sea in Pumanki radio area. 

2. Own Situation: 






CONFIDENTIAL 
31 Mar. 19^ 

Twenty-nine northbound and ^5 southbound ships were escorted. 

The battleship TIRPITZ is reporting her planning: 

On 1 April maximum speed trial, from 2 April training time until 
the end of May up to which time full alarm readiness ought ,to be 
established. The extent of training arises from the time of 
docking period and from the frequent change in personnel which 
is total amounted to 20$. 

For fighting the PQ,-convoy, submarines were ordered to operate 
single-handed on to the enemy. At 2150 the order came to 
approach AB 6550 with maximum speed in case that the enemy could 
not be obtained at dawn. From 2100 good bearings were reported 
from our own planes. 



IV. Skagerrak. "Baltic Sea Entrances. Baltic Sea: 

1. Enemy Situation: 

According to "Radio Monitoring, three minelayers, sixteen other 
war vessels and the staff of the Fleet were intercepted in 
radio traffic in the Gulf of Finland. 

2. Own Situation: 



Thirty-four boats in the Baltic Sea Entrances and in the Baltic 
Sea twenty- two boat3 and twelve minesweeping planes were engaged 
in minesweeping. In the outlet of the Eckernfoerde-Bay one mine 
was swept by minesweeping plane. 

Escorts without any events. 

The 6th Destroyer Flotilla entered Baltiiski Port. The 6th PT- 
boat Flotilla transferred from Tallinn to Kopli. 

Net workings were continued. 

During the air raid on the afternoon of 30 April, the minesweeper 
M "*+" was shot aleak by gunfire and had to be towed into Tallinn. 
Owing to close hit, the minesweeper M "3112" scored troubles with 
the gearing. Fire broke out on board minesweeper M "3107." Both 
the boats entered Aseri. Suspectedly three more planes were shot 
down. Therewith in total 29 Russian planes were shot down from 
bombing formations in the Gulf of Finland by patrol boats and 
escort-vessels. 



-463- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
31 Mar. 1944 

During the day, the Narva patrol will he executed near the ice 
"border and during the night by minesweepers and patrol boats at 
their positions while armed fishing vessels and artillery ferry 
barges are lying in Aseri owing to ice situation. 

No special reports on the mainland situation are submitted. 

V. Submarine Warfare: 

On 5 March the submarine U "66" sunk the steamer JOHN HOLT 
(4975 BRT) in the Gulf of Guinea and on 21 March a tanker type 
BRITISH CONFIDENCE. According to statement by the master who 
was taken prisoner, two steamers of altogether approximately 
10,000 BUT were sunk from one convoy on 26 February. 

No other reports are submitted from remaining areas of the 
Atlantic. 



j I 



VI. Serial Warfare: 

During the day, approximately 100 enemy planes penetrated into 
the area of Cherbourg - Brest - Le Havre - Valery en Caux with- 
out executing attacks. Especially during the night of 31 March, 
100 enemy planes were reported penetrating into the area of 
Morlaix - Brest - St. Malo - Amiens - Le Treport. The anti- 
aircraft emplacement Chateaudun was attacked. 

Twenty enemy flights were reported in Belgium Northern France. 

Reich Territory: (% 

During the day, numerous single air reconnaissance planes were 
reported over various parts of the Reich territory. 

During the day, five enemy penetrations into the Rhenian West- 
falian industrial district and further isolated penetrations 
into the area of Schweinfurt - Bamberg - Rheine - Aschersleben - 
Stendal took place. Two enemy penetrations into the Danish 
area, presumably supplying agents, were observed. 

Mediterranean Theater: 

On 30 March the enemy attacked Sofia with 200 bombers and fighter 
escort which were coming from Foggia via Durazzo. Serious damage 
was inflicted in the middle of the town and at the railway sta- 
tion installations. Three enemy planes were shot down by 
fighters. After short time, the raid was repeated by 70 enemy 
plane s . 

-464- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
31 Mar. 19^ 

Seventeen enemy reconnaissance planes were reported flying over 
the Aegean and off the Albanian coast. Three hundred enemy 
planes were observed in the Italian front area. Besides this, 
airfields and transportation installations and ports in central 
and northern Italy were attacked. Three enemy planes were shot 
down. 

On 31 March our own air reconnaissance discovered five steamers 
and one tanker heading NE north of Port Said. Eight steamers 
and two escort vessels were sailing 70 miles northwest of Ben- 
gasi heading NW. Mere el Xebir> Oran and Arzeu were reconnoitred 
by photograph. 

No own missions were reported. 

Eastern Area: 

On 30 March 1112 own and 252 enemy missions were reported from 
the Eastern Front. Nine of our own planes were lost, 18 enemy 
planes were shot down. 

During reconnaissance missions at the PQ-convoy, two of our own 
reconnaissance planes were lost. 



VII. Warfare in the Mediterranean and Black Sea 

1. Area of the Naval Group West: 

Enemy Situation: 

The convoy which was reported entering the Mediterranean on 
30 March consisted of 6k freighters, eleven tankers, 17 LST's 
with destroyers and seven corvettes. These were considered 
large freighters with heavy loading on deck, planes and tanks. 
LST's carried LCT's on deck. 

On the afternoon of 30 March, two Italian cruisers entered 
Gibraltar coming from the east. At 0520 on 31 March, our own 
air reconnaissance detected ship concentrations off Mellila, 
presumably USA-convoy on schedule. 

At 1610 20 ships were sailing 60 miles NE of Tres Porcas and 
at 1819 approximately 80 ships were 20 miles north of Oran 
heading East presumably being the convoy which passed Gibral- 
tar Straits on the morning of 30 March. 

-465- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
31 Mar. 19^ 

Own Situation: 

The submarine U n k66 n entering Toulon on 30 March was escorted 
"by two minesweepers. Eight harbor defense boats were sent out 
for patrol in the area off Toulon, Moreover, own planes took 
off which dropped two bombs on the beginning of the torpedo 
track, Ho submarine chasers were available. 

On noon and afternoon of 31 March, more submarines were sighted 
in the area of Toulon. At 1720 the army post standing South- 
East of Port Vendres reported an emerged submarine which was 
not confirmed by the vessels being at sea at this time. 

Ten vessels with 2Wt BET were escorted off the southern French 

coast, ^ 

2. Area of the German Naval Command Italy: 

Enemy Situation: 

According to photograph reconnaissance, one battleship of the 
TEXAS-class, one light cruiser, one large destroyer, three 
destroyers, one torpedo boat, one repair ship, four corvettes 
and LCT f s, five standard freighters, one troop transport (1900 
BET), two troop transports approximately 9000 BET each, one troop 
transport approximately 22000 BET and two troop transports of 
10,000 BET each, altogether 113,000 BET and b0 small vessels were 
lying in Mers el Kebir at 1600 on 31 March. 

At the same time, one large destroyer, three submarines, one 

netlayer, 28 standard freighters with approximately 190.000 BET, 

two tankers with 18000 BET, six coastal freighters and one troop (% 

transport with approximately 6000 BET besides 27 harbor boats 

were lying in Oran. At the mole, 100 single parts for landing 

stages and east of Oran 3*K)0 tents were sighted. 

Further thirteen standard freighters with in total 88.000 BET 
were lying at Oran roads. The amount of shipping in the har- 
bor of Arzeu could not be recognized because of the small scale 
of the photo which could not be evaluated. The large scale 
convoy heading east was detected at 2056 40 miles west of Cape 
Tenes by our own reconnaissance planes which were equipped with 
radar devices. Twenty- two bombers are to attack this large 
scale convoy during the night of 31 March. 

At 1515 three destroyers were sailing 15 miles west of Cape 
Orlando. Eight freighters and two patrol vessels heading West 
were reported 70 miles northwest of Bengasi, 

-H66- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
31 Mar. 19^4 

Own Situation; 

The motor minesweeper R "256 w which was reported to be sunk 
during the air raid on 30 March in Leghorn is held afloat. 

Owing to bad weather, the escort and patrol duties had to be 
cancelled. 

Owing to continuous strong air raids and the serious break- 
downs of war vessels and merchantmen depending thereon, the 
touching of Leghorn is temporarily closed for our own naval 
forces and as transloading or intermediate port for supply up 
to the strengthening of the anti-aircraft protection of this 
base. 

Owing to weather conditions, the Italian PT-boats "41" and 
"75" had to break off the minefield task at the East coast. 

After improved weather conditions, the escort and patrol ser- 
vice again was started during the course of day. Two TA-boats 
(translator's note: foreign torpedoboats) left Spezia for 
minefield task. 

The German Naval Command Italy is reporting that the bombard- 
ment of Bastia is to be carried out by TA-boats with the Key- 
word "Nachbrenner." The second Air Force was asked to provide 
for flare dropper planes. 

3. Area of the Naval Group South: 

a. Adriatic: 

Enemy Situation: 

According to air reconnaissance on the afternoon of 30 March, 
busy small ship traffic took place in the coastal forwarded 
area, presumably for island supply. Fourteen coastal freighters 
and sailing ships were counted between Barletta and Brindisi. 

On 31 March one freighter was sailing off Brindisi, four off Bari. 
Three freighters were on the roads. 

Five auxiliary war vessels, one large vessel, 46 sailing boats 
and three coastal freighters were sighted in Lissa. No con- 
struction work was seen at the isls. 

Own Situation: 

On the morning of 29 March the torpedo boat TA "35" was damaged 
by explosion of the turbine driven ventilator after having left 
Flume. 



-467- CONFIDENTIAL 



CONFIDENTIAL 
31 Mar. 19^ 

Both on 29 and 30 March, one Siebel ferry and one Infantry "boat 
were annihilated in 3rac each day. On 30 March three coastal 
patrol "boats and one coastal motor "boat were sunk off Hvar "by 
enemy fighter "bombers. During the air raid on Cattaro on 29 
March an assembly hall with unserviceable torpedoes and one air 
compressor was destroyed. 

The places of Jelsa and Starigrad were captured at Hvar. 

Owing to bomb hit, the new construction submarine-chaser "207" 
was fully destroyed and the new construction of submarine 
chaser "206" was seriously damaged. 

As measure of command, the Admiral Adriatic appointed the cap- 
tain (navy) Loycke Naval Shore Commander South Dalmatia in 

Split with immediate assumption of official duties, because now \ 

the situation is affording the increased utilization of the par- 
ticular offensive experiences of the former Naval Shore Commander 
Albania for this focal point Dalmatia. 

b. Aegean: 

According to Radio Monitoring, four beaufighter planes sunk a 
motor sailing ship in Nios at 0925 on 30 March. At the same 
day between 2100 and 2300, ten or twelve enemy planes attacked 
Rhodes and inflicted unimportant damage by 20 bombs. Off the 
northern port and merchant harbor, seven mines were dropped. 
Six enemy planes attacked the Kalamata battery and the port 
area with gunfire and dropped three or four small bombs which 
detonated in the port basin. 



On the afternoon of 30 March, the PT-boat S "601" with 20 sol- 
diers, the naval artillery lighter "12" with one anti-aircraft 
platoon, and more 20 soldiers left Patras for newly mopping-up 
of the isle of Oxia. According to statements made by Greece 
civilians, nine Italians were fetched off for the mainland by 
two small boats during the night of 29 March. The operation 
was finished without important results. The boats returned to 
Patras. 

Owing to surprising change of weather, the submarine chasers 
"2106" and motor minesweeper "R 195" were separated convoy 
steamer CENTAUR proceeding from Piraeus to Leros, 

"Both the boats took shelter off the coast of Andros. The 
steamer CENTAUR and torpedo boat TA "16" proceeded further on. 
According to report of the air escort, one anti-aircraft post 
was washed overboard. 



-Jf68- CONFIDENTIAL 



^ 



CORFDSKTIAL 
31 Mar. 19^ 

At 08^0 on 30 March, the Turkish steamer KEE1T sunk six or seven 
miles 1!TE of Rhodes outside of the territorial waters, lio 
detonation was observed. The cause is still unknown. 

c. "Black Sea; 

Enemy Situation: 

According to Rad-io Monitoring, 173 planes are to fly from air 
field at the Caucasian coast to the Kerch front "between 0^00 - 
1700 on 31 March. Only unimportant small vessel traffic was 
recognized at the east-coast. 

Own Situation: 

Owing to weather conditions, the patrol line in Xerch Straits 
was "broken off during the night of 31 March. 

During the same night, the second minelaying in Dnieper-Liman 
was carried out as planned during the night of 31 March. 



VIII. Situation Eastern Asia: 

Kurile - Islands: 

For a new time, single air raids were executed on the northern 
Kuril e islands. 

Marshall Islands: 

According to Japanese renorts, several fast task forces, includ- 
ing "battleships and aircraft carriers, are stationed at the 
Marshall Islands. 

On 20 March the Elon-Atoll has "been occupied by USA-troops. 
There only was established a Japanese look-out station. 

According to American reports, American "bomber dropped bombs on 
the atolls still occupied by Japanese forces on their way to 
and fro from Gilbert Islands to the occupied Marshall Islands 
after having supplied fuel and ammunition from the isles occu- 
pied by the United States. 

The Japanese bases at the Caroline Islands are often attacked 
from the air. 



-469- CONFIDENTIAL 



COITFIDBUTIAL 
31 Mar. 19^ 

Hew Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago 

The USA-troops occupied the isle of Emirau, Mussau and Dyaul 
and therewith practically cut off the supply to the Japanese 
"base Zaewieing. No Japanese troops were on these islands. 

Up to now, the fighting at Bougainville caused many casualties. 
Moreover, the Japanese troops which are supplied for half a 
year, again started the attack against the beachhead on 
Zh March. 

The main transloading port of Hew Guinea V'ewag is "being attacked 
nearly daily by the USA-Air Force with 70 - 80 planes. 

According to Japanese reports, three task forces are advancing (\ 

in the waters north of Ireland since 20 March. Besides this, 
another two task forces are to be stationed at the Salomon 
Islands. The center of these task forces is formed by battle 
ships and aircraft carriers. 

Burma: 

The l?th British-Indian division has "been nearly fully anni- 
hilated "by Japanese counter attacks on the central Chinduin. 
Approximately 5000 soldiers of British troops which were 
dropped from the air behind the Japanese front in Northern 
Burma and were to destroy a railway track are enclosed and are 
going to he annihilated according to Japanese report. 

The Military Attache Tokyo reported the following extract of 

General Arisue's discourse at the conference on the situation 

on 18 March which lasted several hours. \% 

A. East Asia Theater: 

The first Anglo-Saxon far distant aim is to sepa.rate the 
Japanese homeland from the South, which is well equipped with 
raw material, "by means of concentrated attack from the East 
on Luzon, from the 7fest by re-opening of the Burma Boad on 
Southern China, French Indo-China, Siam, At the moment, Japan 
does nothing than clear defense fighting. Essential increasing 
of the Japanese armament, especially of the air force and sea 
transportation, is going on; important results will already 
reveal in autumn. 

1. Pacif ic Area: 

a. The loss of the Marshall Islands is considered 
to be a heavy "blow against the Japanese defense. The cause 

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31 Mar. 19^ 

of this loss: Japanese air inferiority, especially the want of 
torpedo planes, and the circumstances that the numerous islands 
which are difficult to he defended only are occupied partially 
and far too weak "by naval shore units, which moreover are lack- 
ing of concentrated command. 

Up to now, still no enemy landing attempt against Nauru and 
eastern Caroline Islands, especially Truk, were made in con- 
trary to controverse sounding press news. At this time, the 
General Staff considers the isle of Markus and then Make as 
considerably threatened. Troops of the army now are engaged 
too in the defense of the Marian- Islands which would he much 
easier concerning the terrain and the neighbourhood of the 
homeland. Between the Japanese homeland and the southern areas 
at least 35 USA submarines are continuously operating there. 
The Japanese defense is insufficient and therefore the losses 
of ships are high and turn out to be a heavy load for command 
and troops. 

b. East Guinea. The Japanese Division which was 
cut off between Finsch Harbor a_nd Astrolabe Bay and which had 
fought itself back to Madang, suffering high losses, was met 
there by minor forces. At this time, no enemy pressure is 
existing along the coast, but the possibility of new enemy 
landing operations in the rear is imminent under certain cir- 
cumstances westerly from (en clear is lacking) Japanese divi- 
sion, for the purpose of diversion of the New Britain defense 
the aim at least temporary was reached by eliminating the enemy 
aircraft group based at Bougainville, because two air fields 
were captured and a third one is in the fire range of the 
Japanese artillery. In meantime, new enemy troops arrived at 
Bougainville, and new landing attempts at the NE coast are 
possible. Therefore, the Japanese situation at Bougainville is 
remaining as critical as before. The enemy, after having landed 
at Cape Hoomann, the western third of New Britain was evacuated 
by the Japanese. The Japanese, approximately ^0.000 men occupy- 
ing New Britain and New Ireland, are well supplied for a long 
time and therefore will be able after reduction of the area and 
in spite of overwhelming enemy air supremacy, to fight enemy 
landing operations during several months. Owing to terrain 
difficulties and Japanese blocking measures, an enemy land 
attack will bring no result. Supplying New Britain etc. hardly 
is getting impossible, because the enemy captured several 
Admiralty Islands, especially because of the isle of Los Negros 
important by its airfield. As main aim, the Japanese command 
will hold Tjawomn also in regard to the possible diversion 
attack against New Britain. 



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31 Mar. 19^ 

d. Dutch East India: At the Java - Timor - Western 
Hew Guinea Front, no enemy landing intentions are recognized at 
this time. The Japanese defense forces are sufficient. 

2. Burma and Chungking China. 

a. The Japanese attack against the southern flank 
of the 4th British army at the western frontier of Burma was 
started in the middle of March, the fact that on 17 March, after 
surprising crossing of the Manipur-River north of Fort White, 
the Indian frontier was crossed for the first time by Japanese 
and national Indian trocps and "brought the 17th British Division 
into a difficult situation, is giving Bose effective possibili- 
ties for Propaganda. But this attack too, however, again will 
only be of local importance, just as the attack in February 
north of Akiab. Extended British count ermeasures and the start 
off with no doubts prepared British-Chinese large scale attack 
for reopening of the Burma Hoad will become but possible after 
the monsoon, that is to say approximately at November. The 
defense of it will be certain. 

b, Chungking - China. From enemy and Japanese 
part, no increasing fighting is to be expected. Previously, 
the USA-China Air Force will not be able in executing large 

air raids outside of China concerning its number supplies. 

3. Soviet ic Far Fast: 

The Japanese General Staff is convinced that at this time neither 
a closer Russian-American cooperation nor attack from The P.ussian 
Far Fast will be counted on. But the Sovietic Far-Fast forces 
have not changed. Fven the otherwise conventional tribute of 
tribes was not recognized in November. To Japanese part, no 
diminution of troops stationed in Manchuria, but some single 
release of army air units and besides this evacuation of pre- 
cious occupation troops in exchange against younger ones. 

4. American mode of fighting, armament etc. 

a. In case of landing operations besides heavy 
aircraft support also gunfire and rocket firing from fighting 
ships and partially from landing craft (up to now no rocket 
throwers or rockets captured). Often smoke screening of the 
landing craft and the first beachheads too especially those of 
the parachutists. Dropping of smoke pots by planes and in 
other cases as target marking for ships guns, 

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31 Mar. 19^4 

In single cases, the ship guns seem to use special range adjust- 
ment ammunition. Thanks to their superabundant technical equip- 
ment and good training landing areas for the engineer troops, 
the proceedings of USA-landing operations are going surprisingly 
quick and smooth. The fighting power of the first landed troops 
is very high (light tanks, numerous mine throv/ers, flame 
throwers). In case of need, additional supply from the air, 

b. During hat tie, the cross-country motility and the 
constructing efficiency of the USA-forces is astonishing. There- 
fore, often they found their way into the flank of the Japanese. 
Very disturbing is the mass firing of the USA mine throwers. In 
reverse, the Anglo Americans are very sensible against night 
attack or generally talked surprising attacks. 

c. There were two things which were emphasized by 
Arisue as the most important Japanese experience from the last 
USA-landing operation. For the first, the most efficient wea- 
pon against transports and fighting ships: torpedo plane. 
Furthermore, all has to be done to prevent the first landing of 
the enemy. In case a deep beachhead is built up, counter 
attacks are very difficult. 

B. 2. Anglo-Saxon Front: 

If the Anglo-American will jeopardize a large scale attack 
would be very doubtful. If yes, concentrated landing opera- 
tion in France (Channel coast and at both sides of Bordeaux 
and at both sides of Toulon) seem to be possible according to 
the Japanese General Staff's opinion. Perhaps this dared to 
be preceded by enemy landing operations KW of Rome and the 
oppression of Spain and by stirring up riots in France etc. 
Besides the landing operation in France, a more unimportant 
landing in North-Norway principally in purpose of exposing 
political pressure to Finland, would be possible. The 
Japanese General Staff considers a landing in Albania etc. 
less probable, because Anglo-Saxon occupation of the Balkans 
would be in contrary to the Russian desires. 

3. Up to now, the enemy air raids are said not to 
have hit the German war economy decisively, so that the con- 
struction of new weapons apparently makes good progress. 

4. The German reserve troops being in assembling 
state, are estimated to at the highest *K) divisions. 



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31 Mar. 19^4 

Appendix; 

The position of the General Arisue corresponds perhaps to those 
of the former German Quartermaster General. 

The Group North/Fleet has been informed in copy (of the cypher 
^-.) concerning the American mode of fighting, armament etc. 



», 



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CONFIDENTIAL 
GLOSSARY 



MAS -Boot 

Italian type of PT-boat. 

SG "15" (Schnellgeleit) 

French aviso-type vessel used by the Germans. 

ELM /AX 

A British-type aerial mine. The official 3ritish designa- 
tion is PAM (parachute air mine). 

Zaunkoenig- torpedo 

Accousting homing torpedo effective against an enemy not 
going over 18 knots. 

Berlin Geraet 

A 9,1 cm wave length airborne radar set utilizer for blind 
bombing and as navigational aid. 

BMW 

Bayrische Motorenwerke. 

°£ 

Representative of the Navy (Naval Liaison Officer). 

Aphrodite 

A submarine device to confuse enemy planes; has the same 
reflective reaction as the conning tower of a submarine 
(Radar Decoy Balloon). 

EMC (Einheitsmine) 

Standard mine, type C. A contact mine against surface 
vessels. 

BMF 

German moored influence mine. 

SX ( Schnellade Xanone) 

Rapid firing cannon. 

CB U-Boote ? 

Presumably Italian type submarine, midget type? 

k± Zuendmittel 

Accustic mine firing device. 

LMB/S 

German aerial mine type B/S. 

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AAi Zuendmittel 

Subsonic mine unit* 

Aakkustisch mit Tiefstton 

Accoustic mine with subsonic firing mechanism. 

Wuerzburggeraet 

Anti-aircraft radar equipment. 

Flum-G-eraet 

Flugmelde-G-eraet 

Apparently radar devices which reported approaching enemy 
aircraft and perhaps directed fire control of AA batteries. 

Hohentwiel-Geraet 

Anti-aircraft radar equipment, 

TMB (Torpedomine) 

Mines ejected through the torpedo-tubes of a submarine. 
Three types were used: A, B, C. 

RMB (regulaere Mine B) 

Standard mine type B. 

UMB (U-Bootsabwehrmine) 

Anti-submarine mine type B. 

EMB 

Standard mine type B. 

MA 2 

Battery fuse ignition of parachute mines. 

ELM J Spr. 

British aerial mine with induction firing mechanism against 
mine-exploding vessels. 

DM^ - Zuendung 

(usually followed by a number). Firing mechanism in mines. 
Pressure unit with magnetic firing device. 

AL Flakbattr. 
AL-Anfangsladung 

Initial charge. 



S chwe ine 



s 



6 



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FAT-Torpedo 

Feder Apparat Torpedo 

( S chle if enlaeuf er ) 

Torpedo describing a coarse of an 8 and thus having a 
better chance of hitting target (covers larger area than 
conventional Torpedo). 

F% - Fernlekkoerper 
Guided missile. 

XS u.lS-Boote 

Xuesten S-Boot - Coastal PT-boat; Leichte S-Boot - light 
PT-boat. 

3-Hine 

Electric mine. 

Tjj Torpedo 

Submarine torpedo not air driven; presumably electrically 
or Ingol in-driven (Walter propulsion). 

Xuestenjaegerboote 

Boats presumably belonging to the Division 3randenburg. 

Nachlauf torpedo 

Following up torpedo by means of accoustic homing device. 

Suchtorpedo Oskar 

British type of accoustic homing torpedo. 

Dutch torpedoboat. 

Zick-zack-Laeufer (G-eraet) 

Device effecting zigzagging course of a torpedo, presumably 
similar to LUT course setting mechanism. 

HFC- (Hohl Stab Fernraeumgeraet) 

Whale; float type magnetic blaster. 

KMA Mine - RMH Mine 

Regular mine type A - Regular mine type H. 

DME-Zuendung 
Druckmagnet-Einrichtung 

Firing mechanism in mines: pressure unit with magnetic 

firing device. 



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Bunte-Boot 

Crerman midget submarine of Bunte type, produced by 
Elandern-V/erke Luebeck. 

Neger 

A one-man human, torpedo probably identical with Marder I. 

Thomas II-boot 
? 

Loedicke-Boot 



Agathe-Boote 

Presumably British type vessel. 

Kaiks 
? 

Ereischuetz 

Code word for the capture of Vis and other Adriatic 
I s land s in 19^3 • 

ATB-Mine 
Ankertaumine type E 

Moored mine type "3. 



EHR/X 

Standard mine type r/K. 



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A 65284 



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• 



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