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Full text of "War Diary of Admiral, Black Sea, 1 December 1943 - 31 December 1943"

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UNITED STATES NAVY 



WAR DIARY 

OF 

ADMIRAL, BLACK SEA 



1 DECEMBER, 1943-31 DECEMBER, 1943 
PG NUMBERS 31544-31545 



D. 




CONr i DCMTIM 



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- 



WAR DIARY 



OF 



ADMIRAL, BLACK SM 



1-31 December 1943 

„._„______ ——————— 'i ■• - 



PG Numbers 31544 - 31545 



SECURITY INFORMATION 



3d.it or ial Koto: 

The translation oJ 
was made in London, 
Commander 3, It, Sanders., U ':■'.' R. When his London Office 
was close I and the translation project was discontinued, 
much unfinished material was sunt to Naval history Di- 
vision, (CP-29). 

"Because the diss emanation of the data con- 
tained in these documents is important, the translations 
and stencils have not been chocked for accuracy of in- 
terpretation, phraseology, and spelling of officers' names 
or geographical names. Distribution under those conditions 
seems justified because of the excellent reputation of 'die 
London personnel -and -because translators are not available 
in Naval History Division, ilesearch to co'rrect possible 
inconsistencies did not warrant '.die time involved. 



pTi 1 ':-' .' '■-">■ ; r . ' ." " n ■''•I? '7* ■' ' i rr 
Office of the Chief of Naval Operations 
Laval History Division 
'Washington 25 } D. C, 



CONFIDENTIAL 



1 December, 1943 



Simferopol 

Enemy Situation; 



Nothing was detected by night reconnaissance 
over the northeastern Black Sea, 

At 1305 approximately 7 miles northeast of 
Ayanzik, daylight reconnaissance over the 
central Black Sea sighted a coastal steamer of 
1,000 tons, course east. 

At 1425, according to a radio intercept report, 
Ghelenjik air station transmitted a message to 
an enemy reconnaissance plane, reporting 3 
vessels, course 270°, speed 15 knots, in an 
unidentified grid square. This report referred 
to the 3 E-boats which left Balaklava at 1300 
for Constantsa . 

Main Naval p/p Station Reports : 

Two E-boats were intercepted between the 
northern and central parts of the east coast in 
the evening. Only slight activity of small 
vessels at night. 



•ty 



Submarines detected: 3 in the northwestern 
Black Sea to west and southwest of the Crimea, 
one of which was presumably homeward bound. 
Four more submarines are thought to be in the 
operational area. One further submarine is at 
sea, position unknown. 

According to this, S submarines are operating, 
that is, three less than yesterday. 



Own _S_i t ua 1 1 o n 
Weather forecast: 



S winds, force 4-5, cloudy, visibility 10 
miles, sea 3, 

Crimea and Kerch Strait ; 

a. The, patrol line off Kamish Burun and Eltigen 
reported no special incidents. No supply 
traffic was seen. The beachhead was again 
shelled at daybreak with 60 rounds from 7,5 
cm, guns. 

Naval ferry barges F 574 and F 341, which ran 
aground near Kossa Tuszla, were completely 
destroyed by our guns on the night of 
50 November/1 December. - A heavy air raid 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION _1~ 



CONFIDENTIAL 



was launched against Kamish Burun at 0545, 
In which a direct hit w*as scored on F 575* 
The boat is a total loss. F 559 was damaged 
by splinters and is shipping water. There 
were no casualties. 

In further attacks on Kamish Burun, another 
hit was scored on F 472 and her engines are 
under water. F 548 probably has an 
unexploded bomb in the double bottom* 
F 575 sank after a second hit. One man 
serious ly wounde d . 

b. Group South was informed that it would be 

impossible to keep the blockading patrols off 
the Eltigen beachhead up to their previous 
strength on account of the serious losses in 
naval ferry barges in the Kerch operations. 
Of the 10 naval ferry barges operational on 
27 November, only 2 are still operational 
today. 

At a conference today this was. pointed out 
to Commanding General, 17th Army H.Q. and I 
again stressed the urgent necessity of mopping 
up the Eltigen beachhead. Commanding General 
agreed and stated that an attack was planned 
for 4 December. 

• Land Situation : 

On the northern front, enemy harassing fire in 
the Arabatz, Chongar, Karanki, Tarkhan and 
Armiansk sectors. 

The enemy continued work on the dam on either 
side of Russki island. The southern part 
has been completed, the northern part except 
for 80 meters • 

Two thrusts by enemy patrols were repulsed at 
the Baksy bridgehead near Hill 155,5, 

Operations ordered for the night of l/2 December; 

1. Commander, 1st Landing Craft Flotilla received 
orders to occupy the patrol lines off Kerch 
and Kamish Burun with 2 naval ferry barges 
off each port. 

2. Five boats of 3rd Motor Minesweeper Flotilla 
will occupy the patrol line between Chongelek 
and Kamish Burun, concentrating off Eltigen. 

The boats mentioned In paras. 1. and 2, are to 
be in position at dusk and should leave again 
at dawn. 



3i NK ;S:TIAL 

SEC 1 FRIT Y ' ItfFORMATI ON -2- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Before commencing return passage, the motor mine- 
sweepers are to shell the Eltigen beachhead. 
50 rounds to be fired at intervals by each boat. 
1st Air Corps has been requested to provide 
fighter cover for the motor minesweepers on both 
outward and homeward, passage. 

The patrol lines were occupied from dusk onwards 
except for the one in Kerch Bay, which could not 
be occupied after further naval ferry barges were 
damaged in the air raid on Kamish Burun. At the 
moment only 2 naval ferry barges are still 
operational . 

^^te?mj^la.c}^ S_e_a ; 

It was pointed out to Commander, Convoys and 
Escorts, Black Sea that the serious losses in 
tugs caused by rough seas and the consequent 
decline in transport potential would in future 
make It necessary to -take weather conditions Into 
consideration when dispatching towed convoys. 
On the other hand, in order to ensure seaborne 
supplies to the Crimea, the vessels must operate 
as often as possible. The possibility of 
executing the operation will be decided in each 
case by Commander, Convoys and Escorts, Black Sea 
as the responsible authority. Army Croup A and 
17th Army H.Q, have been informed. 

1st Air Corps was requested to repeat the recent 
attack on the air base at Skadovsk. The object 
Is to damage the enemy air bases in the Skadovsk 
area as much as possible as they are used by 
bombers and torpedo planes operating against our 
convoys in the northwestern Black Sea. 

At 1550 256 bombs, type SD 50, were dropped on the 
air base. Three large fires wore observed and ? 
as the planes turned away, 1 large and several 
smaller explosions were observed. 

As no mines were found by motor minesweepers (RA), 
FZ-boats and rninesweeping planes in Eupatoria Bay 
where "Santa Fe" exploded, It is now thought even 
more probable that she sank as a result of an 
internal explosion. Sabotage is possible. Sea 
Transportation Offices have received orders to 
keep a sharp look-out when loading ships. 

Anti-submarine patrol had to be canceled in 
Eupatoria Bay because of the weather. Three 
E~boats loft Balaklava at 1300 for Constantza to 
undergo repairs . Four naval ferry barges, with- 
drawn from the Kerch operations, left Thcodosia 
at 1600 for Sevastopol for a period in dock. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -3- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



South Coast Crimea : 

Commander, Convoys and Escorts, Crimean Coast 
received orders to transfer naval ferry barges 
F 578, F 342 and P 305 from Sevastopol to Yalta 
in the evening • P 342 and P 305 are to be 
unloaded as quickly as possible after arrival 
in Yalta, so that the 3 boats can be dispatched 
to Theodosia on the evening of 2 December for 
operations in Kerch Strait. The boats will 
leave Sevastopol at 2100. 

U-boat Si t ua t i on : 

U 9 and U 20, on southeasterly patrol off the 
Caucasus coast, were detailed to new attack 
areas off Poti. IT 19 reported that she would 
be off Constantza at 0600 on 2 December. 
Escort and radio beacon have been ordered. 
Naval Pit ting -out and Repair Depot, Galatz 
examined the damage caused by depth charges 
aboard U 18 and reported that, In addition to 
serious damage to the batteries, the propeller 
shafts arc hammering and the Diesel engine 
foundations are loose. The shafts and engines 
will probably have to be refitted. It is 
unlikely that the boat will be operational again 
before the end of January 1944, The repairs 
will be undertaken systematically so that, by 
caulking the pressure hulls provisionally, she 
can, if necessary, be towed to Constantza before 
the Danube freezes over. 

On the basis of a report from a German inter- 
preter, German Naval Command Informed me that 
there is a da.nger that the personnel of the 
Italian Submarine Flotilla in Constantza may 
desert. German Naval Command requested 
directives regarding action to be taken If an 
investigation should confirm this suspicion. 
Before Admiral, Black Sea received this request 
from German Naval Command, Group South had 
ordered that, without mentioning the suspected 
intentions of the Italians to desert, the 
Rumanians should be informed that Germany might 
take over the Italian submarines. Possible 
unreliability of the Italians "would be counter- 
acted, if the need arose, by placing German 
guards on the boats and berthing places. 
Admiral, Black Sea has requested C-in-C Italian 
Fleet and the Fleet Engineer to attend a 
conference at Simferopol, and intends to transfer 
the entire flotilla to Linz inside the Gorman 
sphere of influence. Group South and German 
Naval Command have been informed. 



CONFireSITIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -h- 



. J. - I . 



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"At 1110, .'". in spite "of thick fog, enemy, planes 
launched "'an attack In 2. waves against 1st 
/pat tery., 'Naval Gunnery Detachment 90.3,\and the 
.oil . harbor at Ochakov. There were no losses. 
A few barges were damaged by blast. 

Mlneswe ep.lng. .Act ivity ; ,,,• i- _.■..,-■ 

Two motor' mine sweepers (-RA ) made a check sweep 
in- Eupatoi'ia harbor entrance with oropesa gear, 
type 4, covering a -width of 800 meters. No 
min° s were swept,. , A mlneswe eping .plane swept 
the : area" south of route Green '40/4-1 In' strips 
,400 meters wide o,; ..The area., was- checked twice. 
No mlrfe s ' we re s'wo pt , " 

Supply/. Traf f i.c^ ;.;r.*?" ■ I , 

There was little convoy traffic in the. western 
Black Sea because of the weather, No'thirig to 
report, ,.,.,. 






SECURITY INFORMATION -5- 



n.^-^>- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



2 De c emb er , 1 943 



Simferopol 



No enemy shipping was sighted by night 
reconnaissance over the Crimean and Caucasus 
coasts as far as Cape Pitsunda. 

The central Black Sea was checked during the 
day. At 0700 a Turkish freighter of 5,000 
tons on westerly course was sighted approximately 
16 miles north of Ayanzik, A radio intercept 
report confirmed that the destroyer recently 
Intercepted In a base in the northwestern Black 
Sea had left port heading in a southeasterly 
direction. The position of an unidentified 
vessel operating approximately 14 miles west- 
northwest of Pot I was transmitted to her. 

Main Naval d/f Station Report's i 

The destroyer which left base was intercepted 
between the northern and the central parts of 
the east coast, course southeast, A minesweeper 
was intercepted off the southern part of the 
east coast. 

Radio intelligence detected no activity of 
surface forces In the east coast area or in the 
Sea of Azov. 

Submarines detected: 5 In the northwestern 
Black Sea to west and southwest of the Crimea, 
one of which was approaching from a south- 
easterly direction. There were probably 3 
further submarines in the operational area, one 
of which was homeward bound. Two more boats 
"wore detected at sea, position unknown, . 
According to tb.is, 9 submarines were operating. 

Own Situation s 



Weather forecast 



CONFIDENTIAL 



seen In the period of good visibility. 
Lively enemy air- activity with bombing raids 
on our patrol forces. Ground attack planes 
attacked our motor minesweepers several times 
while they were returning to Theodosia, Our 
fighter escort brought down 9 enemy planes, 

b. Naval Gunnery Detachment 613 reported 

continuous ferry traffic observed during the 
day under cover of smoke screens. 

During the day, ground attack planes with 
strong fighter escort carried out continuous 
heavy attacks on the southern beachhead, 
bombing and machine-gunning our positions and 
the rear area. 104 supply canisters were 
dropped over Eltigen. 

Kamish Burun was bombed and machine-gunned 
several times during the day and evening. 

c . La n d S i t ua tion ; 

Mornings At 1S00, after heavy preparatory 
shelling on the northern front, the enemy 
began to attack the western sector of the 
Perekop front. The attacks were repulsed 
with the exception of one breakthrough in a 
sector 4 00 meters by 250 motors. The point 
of penetration was narrowed down in counter- 
attacks. Fighting continues. 

All was quiet at the beachheads. Air supplies 
still arriving at Eltigen. A new Russian 
division has appeared at the Baksy beachhead. 

Evening: The enemy breakthrough on the 
Perekop front was reduced still further ; 
fighting continues. An enemy attack on 
Hill 17,6 was repulsed. Lively enemy fire 
against the main defense line at the Baksy 
beachhead. Ground attack planes attacked the 
main defense line at Eltigen and Kamish Burun 
c on t inuous ly . 

Operations ordered for the night of 2/3 December: 

Patrol lines will be as follows: 

a. Commander, 1st Landing Craft Flotilla will 
send 3 naval ferry barges to the patrol line 
off Kamish Burun, 

b. 5 boats of 3rd Motor Minesweeper Flotilla off 
Eltigen, 

c. 2 boats of 1st E-Eoat Flotilla between Takll 
and Chongclok, 



SECURITY INFORMATION -7- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Orders for execution as before. The vessels 
of 3rd Motor Minesweeper Flotilla will shell 
the Eltigen beachhead before returning. 50 
rounds will be fired by each boat at Intervals. 
1st Air Corps was requested to provide fighter 
escort for the motor minesweepers and E-boats 
on outward and return passage. 

We ste m Black Sea : 

Naval C-roup South was Informed that, since UMB 
and UMC mines with contact release or antenna 
firing are not available, the proposed minefield 
off the Sulina estuary is to be laid in two rows 
In the form of a staircase at depths of minus 10 
and minus 3 meters. . At 1445, approximately 20 
miles west of Eupatoria, an explosion occurred 
aboard naval ferry barge F 566 which was 
proceeding from Odessa to Sevastopol in a towed 
convoy. The boat became a complete loss and 
Is drifting, keel upwards. The reason for the 
explosion is not known. On 3 December motor 
minesweepers (RA) will make a check sweep for 
moored mines outside the prescribed route where 
the accident occurred. The possibility of 
ground .mines can be discounted on account of the 
depth of the water, . No torpedo track was seen, 
12 men were rescued, 4 are missing. 

The anti-submarine group, comprising "Xantcn" 
and submarine chasers Nos . 303 and 306, which 
left Sevastopol for the waters off Eupatorla at 
15 00, had to put about at 2100 owing to trans- 
mission disorders and breakdown of the hydro- 
phonos. 

Commander, Convoys and Escorts, Crimean Coast 
received orders to dispatch the "Roller'- towed 
convoy from Sevastopol to Odessa at midnight on 
2 December.. Motor minesweepers (RA) are to 
provide additional protection against mines as 
far as Tarkhankutzki and are then to check with 
oropesa gear the area where F 566 sank. The 
convoy should not leave route Green, as this 
route was swept In the last few days to a width 
of 500 motors as far as Green 39, 

Naval ferry barges F 17 and F 316 will leave 
Yalta for Sevastopol at 16 00 for a period in 
dock. 

South Coast Crimea: 



E-boat S 49 left Constantsa at 1800 for Ivan 
Baba, after having a now propeller installed. 
At 1925 naval ferry barges F 342, 505 and 578 
left Yalta for Thcodosia for operations off 
Kerch, F 304, 540 and 472, which were put out 
of action in the Kerch operations, will leave 
Kamis'h Burun at 16 00 for Thcodosia, 

CC::?IDE'TIAI 

SECURITY IIIFC JRMATI0N -8- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



1Kb oa t Situation : 

U 19 arrived In Constantza at 1215 from her 15th 
operation (6th Black Sea operation). 

The situation with regard to the Italian 
Submarine Flotilla Is not yet entirely clear. 
According to a detailed report from Commander, 
Convoys and Escorts, the Italian barracks were 
found occupied by Rumanian forces and the 5 
Italian midget submarines were flying Rumanian 
colors. Captain Macelariu, C-in-C Rumanian 
Naval Forces, stated that the Italian Submarine 
Flotilla was handed over to Rumania with a 
written declaration from the Commanding Admiral, 
as the personnel of the Italian Submarine 
Flotilla were no longer willing to wage war on 
the German side. A sharp protest has been made 
to the Rumanian High Command on whose orders 
C-in-C Naval Forces claims to have acted. This 
protest was supported by Naval Group South, 
All equipment and personnel at Sevastopol have 
been taken Into German custody (1 petty officer, 
2 men and varying equipment). 

Mine sweeping Activity : 

Motor minesweepers (RA) made a check sweep in 
Eupatoria Bay to a width of 5 00 meters. No 
mines were swept. 

Supply Traffic; 

At 0735 an Ineffective submarine attack was made 
on the Odessa-Sevastopol towed convoy in air 
grid square 26 55, The same convoy was attacked 
at 1040 off Karacha by 3 Russian bombers and 5 
fighters. No damage was reported. No other 
Incidents In convoy traffic, ' 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -9- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



3 December, 1945 



Sim feropol 

Enemy Situations 



There was no night reconnaissance because of 
the weather. In varying visibility 4 planes 
covered the central and eastern Black Sea during 
the day. No enemy shipping was seen. There 
was no reconnaissance of the Caucasus coast, 
A freighter of 3,000 tons was sighted on course 
east, In Turkish territorial waters, approximately 
15 miles northeast of Ayanzik, Two other 
freighters were seen about 5 miles north of 
Ayanzik, course east, and a passenger vessel of 
5,000 tons about 5 miles northeast of Bafra 
Burnu, course west. 

At 2150 night reconnaissance reported 2 vessels, 
probably coastal vessels, and 3 M.T.B.s, course 
north, medium speed, approximately 25 miles 
n o r t hw e s t of Tua p s o , 

M ain Naval D/f Station Reports : 

According to the radio picture, there was no 
activity of surface forces during the night. 

Submarines detected t 4 In the northwestern 
Black Sea to west and southwest of the Crimea j 
according to radio intelligence, 2 more were 
operating approximately 60 miles south of Cape 
Khersonese, One submarine was homeward bound 
and another was at sea, position unknown. 

Own Situations 



Weather forecast: 



W - NW winds, force 3 - 4, along the west coast 
of the Crimea temporarily force 5, cloudy, rain 
in patches, visibility 10 miles, sea 2 - 3, 

Crim ea and Kerch Strait : 

a. Last night nothing was sighted by naval ferry 
barges, motor minesweepers and E-boats in 
patrol line off Kerch Strait, The beachhead 
was shelled by motor minesweepers and E-boats 
at 0300. No landing operations. All boats 
re turned t o ba so, 

b. According to a report from Naval Gunnery 
Detachment 613, there was ferry traffic to the 
northern beachhead during the day under cover 
of smoke screens. No Russian air activity 
over the southern beachhead. Routine shelling 



CONFlDJa-iTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -10- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



by batteries. Isolated bombs were dropped by 
Russian planes during the night In the coastal 
area. Shelling from Kossa Chushka during the 
night, no shelling during the day. 

Morning: At the point of penetration on the 
Perekop front, the enemy was forced to with- 
draw still further northeast of Kula. 

An. attack to annihilate the enemy is in 
progress. 'The dam under construction north 
of Russki has been completed. Thus a 
connection with the enemy beachhead has been 
established across the Slvash. 

With, the exception of heavy attacks by enemy 
ground attack planes, there was no action at 
the beachheads on Kerch Strait. 

Evening: The enemy penetration on the Perekop 
front was mopped up with the exception of a 
few pockets of resistance. Enemy concen- 
trations near Hill 17,6 were shelled by our 
guns. All quiet at the beachheads. 



o 



Operations ordered for the night of 3/4 December: 

Commander, 1st Landing Craft Flotilla will send 
3 naval ferry barges to the patrol line off 
Karnish Burun. At dusk, 6 boats of 1st E-Boat 
Flotilla will be stationed between Takil and 
Karnish Burun, concentrating on Eltigen. 

According to a report received here, the enemy is 
expected to make an attempt to bring up more 
supplies to the Eltigen beachhead in the coming 
night , 

Commanders, 1st E-Boat Flotilla and 1st Landing 
Craft Flotilla have received orders to prevent 
the reinforcement of the enemy forces in the 
Eltigen beachhead at all costs. As the enemy 
will most probably try to make the most- of the 
twilight to bring through their supplies, 1st 
E-Boat Flotilla will pass Cape Takil on outward 
passage at 16 00 at the latest and on return 
passage at 0430 at the earliest. Before turning 
about, the' E-boats will bombard the Eltigen 
beachhead with 4 cm, guns. 

The naval ferry barges and E-boats were in 
position at 1630. The patrol line off Eltigen 
was manned by only 5 E-boats, as S 47 had to 
return to Ivan Baba at 16 00 because of engine 
trouble, 1st Air Corps was requested to provide 
fighter escort for the E-boats while outward and 
homeward bound. 



CONFIDEKTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -11- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



fe stern Black 



7 



It is believed that the "Diogenes" towed convoy 
was probably attacked twice by the same submarine 
on 2 December and that naval ferry barge F 566 
was torpedoed in the second attack. 

Since slow towed convoys are especially vulnerable 
owing to the fact that submarines can gain a sub- 
merged lurking position ahead of them, Commander, 
Convoys and Escorts, Black Sea received orders 
not to employ naval ferry barges loaded with 
valuable cargo (e.g. assault guns) to protect 
slew convoys or to attach them to such convoys. 
They must be used to make the most of their 
maximum speed, passing the especially dangerous 
Tarkhankutzkl -Gape Lukull area during the night. 

Commander, German Naval Command was informed that 
we approve the laying of minefield S 76 in the 
Sulina estuary. Naval Shore Commander, Ukraine 
reported that, in view of the enemy situation, 
the Henke regiment had o vacua bed all cranes, 
bridge sections and barges from Kherson and the 
mouth of the Dnieper Delta to Ochakov on the 
night of 2/3 December without suffering any 
losses. According to a report from Naval Harbor 
Master, Ochakov, naval gunnery lighter No. 4, 
which has been operating as a floating battery 
off Pervomoisk, has been bombarding the enemy on 
KImburn Peninsula continuously since 10 November. 
700 rounds have been fired up to now. 

The commander of naval ferry barge F 566 stated 
that the boat was hit b;y a torpedo launched by a 
submarine west of Eupatoria. A second torpedo 
passed astern, F 566 had 3 assault guns and an 
armored reconnaissance car on board. 

Submarine chasers Nos . 102 and 103 left Sevastopol 
at 1545 for the Tarkhankutzkl -Eupatoria area to 
carry out anti-submarine operations. At 2131 a 
surfaced subm.ar.ine was shelled in air grid square 
2677. 

"Xanten" reported that at 2209, while under way 
from Sevastopol to Constantza, a submerging 
submarine was sighted approximately 30 miles 
s o u t hw e s t o f Ta rkha nku t zk I * 

Commander, Convoys and Escorts, Black Sea was 
ordered to send 4 boats of 23rd Submarine Chaser 
Flotilla on anti-submarine patrol west of 
Tarkhankutzkl from 4 December. 

Commander, Convoys and Escorts, Crimean Coast 
received orders to send naval ferry barges F 395, 
401 and 447 from Sevastopol to Theodosia at 1400 
to strengthen the patrol line in Kerch Strait. 



C0bTl_d_TTAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -12- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



South Coast Crimea : 

Naval, ferry barges F 578, 3 05 and 342, which left 
Yalta for operations in Kerch Strait, arrived, at 
Theodosia at 0645, 

Naval ferry barges F 304, 540 and 472, which are 
temporarily out of action, arrived at Theodosia 
from Kara is h Burun at 0740. 

U-boa t Situation : 

U 20 reported that she would commence return 
passage from the operational area to Constantza 
on 4 December. 

Enemy Air Activity : 

Several planes dropped bombs on Ochakov at 1403. 
No damage was reported. 

Mine^sj;ej)jf^lng L _ _Ac t ivity i 

Two motor minesweepers (RA) made a check sweep 
of the area' west of Eupatoria where F 566 sank. 
Two mlnesweeping planes were In action over the 
Danube Delta. No mines were swept in 3 checks. 

Supply Traffics 

With the exception of 1 Sevastopol-Odessa towed 
convoy, which put in to Ak Mechet because of the 
weather, convoys In the western Black Sea and off 
the south coast of the Crimea ran as scheduled 
without incident. 



CONFIuRKTIAL 

^r5 T : f RITY>NFf,i:-i\TI0N -13- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



i-^£®L 1 ]2®ijL-Aiii 5 . 



Simferopol 

Enem y _S i t ua t i o n : 

A small convoy was sighted by night reconnaissance 
off Tuapse. No enemy vessels were sighted in 
the entire Black Sea area. A freighter of 2,000 
tons on a westerly course was sighted off the 
Turkish coast approximately 8 miles northeast of 
Ayanzik. A coastal vessel of 6 00 tons on a 
southeasterly course was detected approximately 
10 miles east of Sinope and a freighter of 
4-5,000 tons was observed on a westerly course 
8 miles north of Bafra Burnu. 

According to aerial photographic reconnaissance, 
the following vessels were in port: 

Fishery Ilich (partly obscured); 1 wreck (old), 
2 large and 8 small coastal vessels and 
approximately 5' boats. 

Kossa Chushka headlands 3 coastal vessels on 
varying courses, 5 ferries, 2 medium and 5 small 
coastal vessels,, approximately 30 boats, some 
beached, and 1 wreck (old). 

Kossa Tuszla headland; 1 small coastal vessel, 
course west, medium speed, and what appeared to 
be wrecks along the coast, 

Taman: 2 M.T.B.s, 7 small armed coastal vessels, 
10 small coastal vessels, 6 ferries and 
approximately 20 boats. 

Fishery Krotkoff: 4 vessels, apparently motor 
gunboats, and about 5 boats. 

Cape Kany jetty; 3 boats. 

Cape Euchugury jetty: about 5 boats, 

Senaya Bay; 16 motor landing craft, 1 small 
. coastal vessel and approximately 10 boats, some 
beached, 

Gluchoi channel (very misty): 2 motor gunboats, 
4 pontoon ferries, and 1 lighter of about 500 
tons In the Kuban estuary. 

No essential changes in the number of ships in 
port since the last reconnaissance. 



cu;>!niM:Ti;d. 

SECURITY INFORMATION -14- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Ma in Naval. P/j? ,/:Jj^}.j?j rj i^„.^ej3 o rjbs : 

Slight 'activity of small coastal vessels 
continued. Two minesweepers were detected 
between the central and southern parts of the 
east coast. 

Submarines detected; 4 in the northwestern 
Black Sea to the area west and southwest of the 
Crimea, one of which was heard being called. 
According to Intelligence, 2 more submarines 
were probably in the operational area. One 
submarine was intercepted between the central 
and eastern Black Sea. 

Own Situation: 



Weather forecast: 



Light variable winds, .mainly fair, visibility 
10 miles, early mist, sea' 1 - 2. 

Naval Group South was informed of the present 
naval ferry barge situation: 

30 boats operational, 5 operational with 
limitations and 31 out of action. Since 
1 November, 14 naval ferry barges have been lost 
and 16 damaged by enemy action. The number of 
naval ferry barges is now insufficient to 
execute the urgent escort and supply tasks. 
As further serious losses are to bo expected 
considering the present situation in the Black 
Sea, Group South has been requested to do all In 
their power to speed up the completion and 
transfer of naval ferry barges under construction. 

2 1'2-J'^B- .i 1 / 1 ,^ Ke rch Strait : 

a. Nothing was reported by the naval ferry barges 
in patrol line off Kamish Burun last night. 
At 0130 1st E-Boat Flotilla attacked 2 motor 
gunboats in Kerch Strait off Eltigcnj thoy 
were probably on reconnaissance* Returning 
our fire with rocket-firing and 3,7 cm, guns, 
the enemy withdrew at once at high speed In 
a Southeasterly direction. 

The E-boats were bombed several timos by enemy 
plane's between 1840 and 0330. An engine in 
one of the boats was put out of action by 
blast. Casualties were suffered. There 
wore no soabprne supplies to the beachhead. 

Lively air supply traffic was observed. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -15- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



b • La nd S i tuatio n : 

Morning: 6th Rumanian Cavalry Division 
launched an attack against Eltigen. By 0800 
several breakthroughs had been made in the 
main enemy defense line and a few reinforced 
points had been taken. Lively enemy 
activity at the Baksy beachhead seems to 
indicate the Imminence of an attack to relieve 
Eltigen. 

Reconnaissance thrusts and another attempted 
breakthrough were repulsed on the Perekop 
front. 

Evening" Our own attack from the south 
against the Eltigen beachhead advanced as far 
as the lighthouse at Werchn Burun. The 
attack from the west made only little headway. 
The .attack will be continued early on 
5 December. The enemy attacks on the Baksy 
beachhead launched after heavy preparatory 
shelling (about 35,000 rounds fired by 5 or 6 
divisions and 25 tanks) were repulsed after 
heavy fighting _in front of our main defense 
line. 13 tanks wore put out of action. 
It was a complete defensive success* No 
fighting worth mentioning on the northern 
front. The enemy is 'receiving continuous 
reinforcements in the Sivash beachhead. An 
attack is expected shortly. 

Operations ordered for the night of 4/5 December* 

The Army commenced the attack on the Eltigen 
beachhead this morning at 0500. The enemy will 
do everything in their power to bring reinforce- 
ments to the beachhead by sea, I have there- 
fore ordered a reinforcement of the patrol lines. 

With special reference to the situation in the 
beachhead, the following order was issued to 
Commanders, 1st Landing Craft Flotilla and 3rd 
Motor Minesweeper Flotillas 

a. Commander, 1st Landing Craft Flotilla Is to 
send 5 naval ferry barges to the patrol line 
off Kamish Burun. The 6 naval ferry barges 
which left Theodosia at 1050 should occupy 
the patrol line off Eltigen. They should 
shell the northern part of the present beach- 
head between 0300 and 0400 with 20 shells 
each from their 7.5 cm. guns, aimed to fall 
between the coast and 400 motors Inland. As 
the southern part of the beachhead Is in our 
hands, the bombardment should only bo carried 
out if the targets can bo seen clearly. The 
boats will return to Kamish Burun after dawn 
or, if there is mist, when It has lifted. 



CONFIDI^TIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -16- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



b. Three "boats of 3rd Motor Minesweeper Flotilla 
are to occupy the patrol line between Cape 
Takil and Chongelek. The boats will leave 
Theodosla at 1500 at maximum speed. At 0330 
they will commence return passage to 
Theodosla. No fighter escort will be 
available • 

All patrol lines were occupied as scheduled. 
The naval ferry barges off Kamish Burun made 
contact with 5' enemy M.T.B.s at 1841. 

At 2335 the patrol force off Eltigen had an 
engagement with 4 or 5 gunboats and landing 
craft. 

c Naval Shore Commander, Caucasus received 
orders to inform 5th Army Corps that the 
beachhead was going to be shelled, and to 
arrange for our own forces to fire white stars 
at once, should our own lines be bombarded by 
mistake. It should also be pointed out to 
5th Army Corns that as it is necessary to 
blockade the' beachhead until dawn, the naval 
ferry barges will enter Kamish Burun In spite 
of the grave danger from gunfire and planes. 
The risk will be taken with a view to 
supporting the mopping-up of the beachhead to 
the last, 1st Air Corps was informed. 

Western Black Sea s 

Commander, Naval Air, Black Sea reported that the 
Rumanian fighter squadrons In Akkermann and Sadki 
could riot act as fighter escort for convoys, as 
they are primarily Intended as local defense for 
Odessa, SuIIna and Akkermann, 

On the basis of this report, it was pointed out 
to 4th Air Force that, in view of the ever- 
Increasing enemy air activity, a further 
weakening of fighter protection for convoys would 
certainly result In irreplaceable losses in 
freighter tonnage. Seaborne supplies to the 
Crimea, for which even now there are not enough 
ships, would become even more precarious. If 
Rumania should insist on limiting fighter 
protection, it would not be possible to transfer 
German fighters solely for the purpose of 
escorting convoys , 

Naval Liaison Officer reported to Army Group A 
that according to a report from Naval Shore 
Commander, "'Ukraine the enemy had started to 
attack Kimburn and that the Rumanians were 
expected to evacuate the peninsula. It was 
especially emphasized that In the event of an 
evacuation of the western part of Kimburn, the 
Odessa-Ochakov-Nikolalev sea route could no 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -17- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



longer be used* It was therefore vital to hold 
the position. 

The area west of Eupatoria where F 566 sank was 
checked by motor minesweepers (RA). No mines 
were found. The commander's statement that the 
naval ferry barge was sunk by a torpedo would 
thus seem to be substantiated. Five submarine 
chasers are on patrol in the Eupatoria -Gape 
Tarkhankutzki area. At 1030 submarine chasers 
Nos, 102 and 105 were unsuccessfully attacked by 
a submarine with 2 torpedoes. Anti-submarine 
operations were started at once. Oil and air 
bubbles were seen after the third depth charge 
attack, A Russian fire-extinguisher floated to 
the surface and was salvaged. Search gear could 
not bo used because of the rough sea. The 
submarine chasers returned to Sevastopol to take 
in more depth charges • 

Mines arc suspected to have been laid off Kherson 
as low-flying planes were seen In this area, 
The Sevastopol-Balaklava route was closed to 
shipping, A sweep will bo made early on 
5 December, 

At 16 00 2 repair barges from Kerch Strait and 

I naval ferry barge (tanks) left Theodosla for 
Sevastopol, 

1st Air Corps was informed that 9 naval ferry 
barges would be In Kamish Burun on 5 December 
and that strong enemy air attacks were to be 
expected. Fighter protection was requested, 

U-boat Situation s 

U 20 commenced return passage to Constantza from 
the operational area to refuel. 

Brief report from U 19 (6th Black Sea operation)? 

II Novembers Outward bound via the northern 

route. Nothing to report, 

15 November- At 1535 sighted smoke, bearing 

235°^ and pursued it at full speed 
without success, 

16 November; Lost sight of it at 1700 in dark- 

ness, ' Sighted a tanker convoy at 
1900, shadowed it, transmitting 
D/F signals, and then attacked, 

At 2130 fired a fan-of-three 
torpedoes, angle on the bow 70°, 
enemy speed 11 knots, angle of 
spread 2°, range 4,500 meters, 



COICTIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -18- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



torpedo type T 4, magnetic firing, 



The : 



was a destroyer ahead of the 



convo3?" and 4 guar db oats acting as 
remote escort* 



November : 



29 Hovembo 



Moonlight night. Torpedoes missed 
the target. Continued to shadow 
the convoy until" it was off Tuapse. 
Remained In the operational area 
until 2000 on 25 November when 
transferred. Sighted nothing and 
observed only slight air activity. 

At 2020 attacked a westbound 
submarine with a single torpedo. 
The torpedo missed as the enemy 
altered course* Had to give up 
the pursuit as the enemy had 
superior speed.. With the 
exception of submarine chasers, 
nothing was seen In the operational 
area. 

Commenced return passage via the 
southern route. Nothing to report. 



2 December: At 1215 arrived 



Constantza, 



Enemy Air A^biyity ° 

Ochakov was bombed at 0920. 13 planes made 
another attack at 1405. No damage reported. 

Ml ne swe e pi ng Activity % 

Two motor minesweepers (RA) made a check sweep 
in the area where naval ferry barge P 566 sank 
and continued mineswocping on route Green with 
oroposa gear, 15-meter pendant. No mines were 
swept. Two mincsweeping planes were operating 
over the Danube Delta. No mines wore swept in 
6 checks in 4 different areas. 

Supply Traffic; 

Convoys in the western Black Sea ran as 
scheduled without Incident, 



CONFIDENTIAL 
SECURITY INFORMATION 



-19- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



5 December,^ 1945 



Simf e r opo 1 

En emy Sit ua t Ion : 



No enemy shipping was sighted during night 
reconnaissance along the Caucasus coast and over 
the northwestern Black Sea and no vessels were 
detected in the course of exhaustive daylight 
reconnaissance over the entire Black Sea, 
including the Caucasus coast as far as Cape 
PItsunda, 

A passenger vessel of 5,000 tons was sighted, 
course east, in Turkish territorial waters off 
Cape Sinope, A freighter of 5,000 tons was also 
sighted, course west, 15 miles northwest of Bafra 
Burnu, and a freighter of 5,000 tons, course 
southeast, off Amasra-. There were no enemy 
shipping movements in the western Sea of Azov. 

According to photographic reconnaissance between 
5 November and 4 December, the enemy had the 
following boats and small naval craft In Kerch 
Strait (Taman Peninsula) from Temriuk to Cape 
Tuszla, and on the Kerch Peninsula from Cape 
Chroni to Cape Kany and Eltigen: 



15 small armed vessels, 
motor i 
M .T.B.i 



9 motor gunboats, 



28 motor landing craft, 

5 tugs for the motor landing craft, 
17 ferries, 
5 c oa s ta 1 ve s s e Is ( small ) 
and 18 boats. 

The ferry traffic in the northern part of Kerch 
Strait is concentrated in the narrow area between 
Kossa Chushka and the jetties on the Kerch side 
between Gleiki, grid square 66642 and Cape Kany, 
grid square 66648. Most of the ferry traffic 
runs during the night. The boats which attempt 
to get seaborne supplies to the Eltigen beach- 
head each night leave Taman and other jetties as 
far as Krotkoff, So far, our naval forces have 
prevented them from doing so. 

Results of photo grap hic reconn aissance : 

Gluchoi channel (out of focus); 2 large motor 
gunboats, 4 craft, probably ferries, and 7 
probable boats. 

Channel near Achtanisevka i 2 ferries and about 
15 boats. 



X^FIDHTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -20- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Fishery Iliohj 1 large motor gunboat, 1 small 
motor gunboat, 1 coastal vessel of 750 tons, 
1 paddle steamer about 50 meters long, and about 
22 boats. 

Main Naval d/f Stiition___Rej^orts_: ' 

Continued activity of small coastal vessels. 
Three further M.T.B.s were intercepted off the 
northern part of the east coast. 

Submarines detected: 2 in ' the northwestern 
Black Sea and the area west and southwest of the 
Crimea, 4 more probably in the operational area 
and 1 in the eastern Black Sea. 



Own Situa tion: 
Weather forecast: 



Entire Crimean Coast: Variable winds, force 
2-3, cloudy, visibility 10 miles, sea 2, 



9 



Ak Mochet: Winds temporarily W, force 4 • 
sea 3 . 

^llrcc a _ an d Kerch S trait : 

a. Group South was informed that General 

Jaenecke, Commanding General, 17th Army H.Q», 
sent the following radiogram to C-in-C Navy 
direct on 5 December: 

"On the night of 4/5 December, the Russians 
made a great effort to bring up fresh forces 
and supplies to the heavily battered Eltigen 
beachhead, to which in the last few days only 
air supplies had got through* This attempt, 
as all others, was repulsed by the coastal 
defense forces of Admiral, Black Sea although 
they suffered heavy losses. in gratitude 
for such effective help, I would like to say 
the following: 

The operations of the naval forces of Admiral, 
Black Sea in the battle for the beachheads are 
decisive and, in spite of the serious losses, 
indispensable. This type of operation is of 
groat significance in the defense of the 
Crimea as it obviously demonstrates to the 
Russians the difficulties of fresh landings, 
and has so far stopped them from making any." 

Appendix to para, 2: 

Admiral, Black Sea is of the same opinion with 
regard to the importance of the Kerch 
operations. It must be pointed out, however, 
that the very great losses in naval ferry 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -21- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



barges in Kerch Strait will cause a shortage 
of shipping for Crimea supplies, and will in 
the long run lead to an impossible situation 
because of the supply demands of 17th Army 
H.Q,. Commanding Admiral brought this to the 
notice of C-in-C on 2 Decembers 

b. At 0045 9 naval ferry barges from the patrol 
line in Kerch Strait put in to Kamish Burun, 
and at 062 5 motor minesweepers put in to 
Theodosia, 

At 1840 the naval ferry barges off Kamish 
Burun fought off 5 enemy M.T.B.s with guns 
after they had been attacked with torpedoes. 
At 2330 the naval ferry barges off Eltigen 
had an engagement with motor gunboats and 
landing craft which were on their way to 
Eltigen. Two motor gunboats, 1 tiig and 

1 barge with ammunition were sunk in this 
action. 

The remaining enemy forces, consisting of 
ab out 5 vessels, wi t hdr e w t o the east. 
Aboard the naval ferry barges, there were 

2 men seriously wounded and 7 slightly 
wounded. No supplies got through. The 
motor minesweepers made no enemy contact. 
"While homeward bound, they were machine- 
gunned by 2 fighters about 15 miles east of 
Theodosia, There were several casualties 
aboard one of the motor minesweepers. 

Mornings At 0700 the attack on the Eltigen 
beachhead was renewed. Since 06 00 the enemy 
has again been attacking the Baksy beachhead 
near Kolonka and south of Bulganak, supported 
by tanks . , 

Only patrol activity on the SIvash front. 

Evening; More ground was gained in the attack 
on the Eltigen beachhead. Several field 
fortifications and fortified heights were 
taken. All enemy attacks in the Baksy beach" 
head were repulsed despite strong enemy tank 
support. Nine tanks were put out of actien. 

Slight shelling and Infantry activity on the 
northern front. 

Operations ordered for the night of 5/6 December: 

Commanders, 1st Landing Craft Flotilla and 3rd 
Motor Minesweeper Flotilla were informed of the 
situation at the Eltigen beachhead, and of the 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -22- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



possibility that the enemy might renew their 
attempts to bring up reinforcements by sea in the 
coming night. They received the following 
orders i 

a. Prom dusk 3 naval ferry barges will occupy the 
.patrol line off Kamish Burun and 6 others 

between Kamish Burun and Chongelek, concen- 
trating off Eltigen. 

The 6 naval ferry barges off Eltigen will 
bombard the enemy beachhead between 0300 and 
0400 between Kilometers 45 and 47,5, each 
firing 30 rounds from their 7,5 cm. guns. 
The fire should fall between the coast and 400 
meters inland. All naval ferry barges will 
return to Kamish Burun after dawn. 

b. 3rd Motor Minesweeper Flotilla will send 3 
boats to the patrol line between Takil and 
Chongelek, Times of sailing etc, as for 
yesterday. 

The patrol lines were occupied in good time. 
The disposition of forces off Kamish Burun and 
Eltigen had to be changed as F 305 and F 569 were 
lost in an air raid on Kamish Burun at 1150, 
while F 447 was put out of action. There were 
therefore only 2 naval ferry barges in the patrol 
line off Kamish Burun and 4 off Eltigen, 

Western Black Sea i 

Naval Harbor Master, Ochakov reported that KImburn 
Peninsula, had been in enemy hands since morning. 

The occupation of KImburn Peninsula by the 
Russians means that naval and supply traffic 
between Kherson, NIkolaiev and .Odessa must be 
discontinued. In addition, It" prevents the 
removal of valuable equipment such as docks, 
cranes and ships before the freezing starts. 
This will cause further shortages for supply 
shipping. 

The obstacles to seaborne supplies in the north- 
western Black Sea brought about by this situation 
were pointed out to Army G-roup A, Naval Group 
South, 17th. Army H.Q. and 4th Air Force in A.S.M. 
Gkdos. 8025 A I, Admiral, Black Sea stated that 
in his opinion it was absolutely necessary to 
rooccupy F.imburn Peninsula, and proposed that a 
quick landing should be made near Prognoysk, to 
mop up the area in a westerly direction and at 
the same time re occupy the point opposite Ochakov. 

Four submarine chasers left Ak Mechet at 06 00 to 
carry out anti-submarine operations In the 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -23- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Eupatoria-Tarkhankutzki area. At 1615 5 sub- 
marine chasers returned to Ak Mechet from anti- 
submarine patrol. Route Brown was reopened to 
traffic from Sevastopol to Balaklava after being 
swept for moored mines. At 1600 E-boat S 49 
left Ivan Baba for Sevastopol for repairs to her 
compass. She had to put in to Balaklava at 
2100 because of the weather. 

Commander, 1st E-Boat Flotilla received orders 
to send 2 boats off Cape Utrich and 3 boats off 
Cape Idokopas to operate against the enemy 
shipping off the Caucasus coast on the night of 
5/6 December, Boats are permitted to use 
torpedoes against worthwhile targets. 

All boats should leave Ivan Baba In closed 
formation at 1430, The first 2 boats should 
start return passage at 0300, the group of 3 at 
0200. Boats are free to attack submarines, 
1st Air Corps was requested to send the 
Lichtenstein reconnaissance plane to cooperate 
with E-boats from 1900 to 0200 in the Tuapse- 
Anapa area. 

The boats put out from Ivan Baba according to 
plan at 1430, The boats arrived in position 
at 1810 and the group of 3 at 1925, The 
commander of the force reported that the boats 
put about at 2100 because of the weather (S3W 
winds, force 4-5, sea 4, high swell from the 
southwest) and ro-cntcrod Ivan Baba at 0200. 

U-boat Situation ; ' 

The boats in the operational area received orders 
to tune In from now on at the additional routine 
call-up times on the long wave between 1100 and 
1300. 

With the return of U 20, II 9 is the only boat In 
the operational area, U 9 is therefore to 
proceed through the operational area under cover 
of the coast, making the most of all opportunities 
to attack in the area south of Tuapse, which Is 
the only point of convergence for all the supply 
traffic from the southeastern ports. 

Mi n us we oping Ac t i vit y : 

Two motor minesweepers (RA) continued minesweoping 
in Eupatoria Bay with oropesa gear, 15-meter 
pendant, covering a width of approximately 1,000 
meters. No mines were swept. 

Supply Traffic : 

Convoys in the western Black Sea and along the 
south coast of the Crimea ran as scheduled 
without incident. 



CONF IDENTIAL 

SECURITI INFORMATION -24- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Dece mb e r , 19.45 



Simferopol 

Enemy .SJjuatlo n : 

At 2125 night reconnaissance reported 5 small 
vessels on 'northwesterly course about 5 miles 
south of Cape Zhelezni Rog. The reconnaissance 
plane bombed and sank two of these vessels. 

The E-boats operating off the Caucasus coast and 
3 motor minesweepers in the patrol line south of 
Eltigen were informed of the results of the 
reconnaissance. No enemy shipping traffic was 
observed during the day in the whole of the 
Black Sea, 

A coastal vessel of 500 tons was sighted on a 
westerly course off the Turkish coast about 6 
miles northwest of Ayanz'ik, and a passenger 
vessel of 4,000 tons", course west, 8 miles north- 
east of Ayanzik. Another passenger vessel of 
5,000 tons was located, course east, 8 miles 
northwest of Bafra Burnu. 

Main Naval D/F_ S t a_tlo n_ _Repo£_ts - 

Two M.T.B.s were intercepted off the northern 
part of the east coast of the Black Sea, No 
other shipping was detected. Two more M.T.B.s 
were Intercepted during the night off the 
northern part of the east coast as far as Kerch 
Strait. One minesweeper was operating off the 
southern part of the east coast. 

Submarines detected i Bearings, were taken on a 
submarine operating in the northwestern Black Sea 
to the west coast of the Crimea^ another sub- 
marine was heard being called. According to 
radio inference, 4 more submarines wore in the 
operational area. 

Own Situ at ion ; 

Wca the r f or e c a s 1 1 

N winds, force 4-5, squalls up to 0, mainly 
overcast, showers, visibility 6 miles, later 
10 - 12 miles, sea 3, During the course of the 
night the weather improved slightly, 

Crimea and Kerch Strait; 

a. The patrol lines had a quiet night. With the 
exception of 2 E-boats, nothing was seen by 
the naval ferry barges and motor minesweepers. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -25- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Eltigen was bombarded by the naval ferry 
barges with 7#5 em, guns about 0400. 

All vessels returned to base. 

b. One IL 2 plane was brought down by 2nd Battery, 
Naval Gunnery Detachment 613. 1st Battery 
suffered a direct hit and 2 guns were damaged* 
The ammunition burned out. One man was killed. 

c • LQ-nd Situation i 

Morning: Fighting continued at the Eltigen 
beachhead where the enemy was encircled* 
Attempts to break through to the west were 
repulsed. German and enemy patrol activity 
northeast of Kerch and along the northern 
front. 

Evening: More ground was gained in the attack 
on the Eltigen beachhead. According to an 
Army forecast, the beachhead will be In our 
hands on the evening of 7 December « Only 
'weak enemy relief attacks In the Baksy beach- 
head. All quiet on the northern front. 

Despite the tremendous strain already,, the 
situation at the Eltigen .beachhead demands further 
effort by the few remaining forces to stop traffic 
of every kind during the coming nights, 

I therefore ordered the following operations for 
the night of 6/7 Decembers 

Commanders, 1st Landing Craft Flotilla and 3rd 

Motor Minesireeper Flotilla received orders to 

occupy the patrol lines in Kerch Strait as on the 
previous night, that is s 

a, 2 naval ferry barges off Kamlsh Burun 

b, 4 naval ferry barges off Eltigen 

c, 3 motor minesweepers between Chongelok and 
Takil, 

The naval ferry barges will not shell the Eltigen 
beachhead, as only a 1,3 km, stretch is still in 
enemy hands, and they might shell our own 
positions by mistake. 

Task and sailing orders as for yesterday. The 
boats took up their positions- at dusk. At mid- 
night, the naval ferry barges off Eltigen 
reported that they had stopped a returning trans- 
port and taken prisoners. It thus seems that 
the enemy is trying to evacuate the beachhead by 
sea. 



CONFIDENT] 



SECURITY INFORMATION -26- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



West ern Black _ Sea : 

Group South reported that until further notice 
it would not bo possible to distribute EMC mines 
and that the minefields should If possible be 
changed to EMP mines. In this connection, 
Group ordered that the statement of monthly 
requirements, including proposed minelaying 
operations, should be sent in on the 20th of 
each month. 

It was pointed out to Group that in view of the 
changing situation in the Black Sea it was not 
always possible to plan minefields so far in 
advance, and also, because of the length of the 
supply routes and delays In delivery, it seemed 
necessary to build up a reserve of mines in the 
area for operations which had to be carried out 
at short notice. For this purpose, 500 moored 
mines, if possible 1MB or EMC mines, and 300 
explosive floats were requested. 

Tugs "Sofia" and "Pontonk", lying about 500 
meters off the port of Ochakov, were shelled at 
about 2145 by our own artillery. Several hits 
were scored on "Sofia" above the waterline. 

Commander, Convoys and Escorts, Black Sea 
reported that he planned to lay minefield S 76 
(Eupatoria Bay) during the night of 7/8 December. 

The place where ''Santa Po" was wrecked In 
Eupatoria Bay was swept for moored mines. No 
mines were found. Anti-submarine operations 
were carried out in the Eupatoria-Tarkhankutzki 
area by 4 submarine chasers. 

At 0905 E-boat S 49 put in to Sevastopol for 
compass repairs. 

South Coast Crimea s 



Five boats of 1st E-Boat Flotilla put in to Ivan 
Baba at 0250 as weather conditions off the 
Caucasus coast (SSW winds, force 6, sea 5) made 
operations Impossible • 

U-boat Situa_tion i 

Tj 2 0, which had. lost fuel while returning from 
the operational area, put In to Sevastopol to 
take on additional supplies. Otherwise nothing 
to report, 

Mine_swee ping Ac t i v 1 1 y s 

Motor minesweepers (RA )■ continued mincsweeping on 
route Green off Eupatoria, No mines were swept. 



j-;;fipential 

security information -27- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Pour FZ -boats carried out a check sweep of the 
area where mine laying had been suspected off 
Tarkhankutzki • 

Two mine sweeping planes operated in the Danube 
area. No mines were swept in 4 checks. 

New Gun Carriers s 

Lins airfield reported that gun carriers AF 53, 
AF 54, AF 55 and AF 56, which are destined for 
the Black Sea area, left Linz on 5 December to 
proceed via the Danube* 

S u_pp ly Traffic t 

Several ships lost contact with their convoys in 
the western Black Sea because of the weather. 
However, they arrived at their destinations 
without incident and without being located by 
the enemy. 



confidentia: 



SECURITY INFORMATION -2S~ 



CONFIDENTIAL 



December, 1943 



Simferopol 

Enemy Situation: 



No enemy shipping was observed by night 
reconnaissance over the area southeast of the 
Crimea and no enemy vessels were sighted by air 
reconnaissance during the day in the central and 
eastern Black Sea. 

The Caucasus coast was not examined. At 0940 
one of the reconnaissance planes bombed and 
machine-gunned an enemy submarine approximately 
20 miles northwest of Eupatoria, It has not 
yet been established whether the submarine was 
destroyed or damaged. 

Main Naval Jp^F Station" Reports i 

Activity of small vessels still on a small scale 
In the entire Black Sea. 

Submarines detected: 3 in the northwestern 
Black Sea to west and southwest of the Crimea, 
3 thought to be In the operational area and 1 in 
the eastern Black Sea, The submarine, which was 
pursued and perhaps destroyed by submarine chaser 
No, 103 on 4 December, can now only be either 
"U" or "W", as they have not been heard in radio 
traffic since this engagement took place* 
Investigations to confirm destruction of the 
submarine are In progress. 



Own Sltua t i o n : 
Weather forecast: 



"West coast Crimea: W - SW winds, force 3, mainly 
fair, visibility 15 miles, sea 1 - 2. • 

Yalta - Kerch Strait: NW winds, force 4, at noon 
W winds, force 4-3, cloudy, visibility 12 miles, 

o r- . o O 

Crimea and Kerch Strait : 

a. Since the dally operations of light naval 
forces have prevented enemy seaborne 
reinforcements from reaching the Eltigen 
beachhead since 1 November, 6th Rumanian 
Cavalry Division was able to mop up the 
beachhead early on 7 December, 

On the night of 6/7 December,, naval ferry 
barges off Eltigen sank 2 landing craft which 



CONFIDE"' 



JSGOfllTY INFORMATION -29- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



were carrying troops, 2 fishing smacks, 1 barge 
and 2 rafts in which the enemy was trying to 
escape across the sea. Prisoners were picked 
up from the water. Thus the number of vessels 
sunk during the blockade of the beachhead by 
our naval forces was Increased to i 

3 motor gunboats, 
2 M.T.B.s, 
16 landing craft, 
2 tugs, 

2 lighters, and 
7 other craft. 

Eleven gunboats, 2 M.T.B.s and 6 landing craft 
were damaged or set on fire. 

The following German forces have been In action 
in Kerch Strait since 1 November: 

40 naval ferry barges, 
6 motor minesweepers, and 

6 E-boats . 

On 35 days they carried out 368 single opera- 
tions in patrol lines and prevented all enemy 
seaborne supplies from getting through. 

Our own losses, mainly caused by bombs, amounted 
to 11 naval ferry barges destroyed, while 16 
naval ferry barges, 4 motor minesweepers and 
1 E-boat were damaged. 

Casualties; 16 men killed, 32 missing and 
74 "wounded. 

It was the continuous daily operations of naval 
ferry barges, motor minesweepers and E-boats 
which made it possible to mop up the Eltigcn 
beachhead. In view of our small reserves, had 
this beachhead boon enlarged, It would have 
resulted in the loss of Kerch and also of Kerch 
Peninsula. in numerous encounters, these 
flotillas repulsed an enemy superior in numbers 
and sometimes also In armament, causing them 
serious losses and preventing supplies from 
getting through to the beachhead. Our own 
losses were justified by the success, a success 
which increases in importance through its 
indirect effect on the enemy and any further 
landings they may intend. 

Land Si tuatio n i 

Morning: The Eltigen beachhead Is in our 
hands. Several hundred Russian soldiers broke 
through to the north with the Divisional Staff 
and gained a foothold in the southern sector of 



SEC1 JRITY A V IPC ! JMA TION -3 0- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Kerch, Counter-attacks are in progress. 
German and enemy patrol activity at the Baksy 
beachhead and along the northern front. 

Evening: She enemy force which broke through 
from the El tig-en beachhead occupied houses in 
the southern sector of Kerch and MItridat 
Hill. They were surrounded there by local 
forces, mostly emergency units. It Is 
planned to annihilate them on 8 December. 
In the diversionary attacks at the northern 
beachhead, the enemy successfully broke 
through in various places on both sides of 
the Kolonka -Kerch coastal highway, Mopping- 
up operations in progress. All quiet on the 
northern front. 

As It was possible- that the enemy might try on 
the night of 7/8 December to. evacuate or reinforce 
by sea the troops which broke through to Kerch, 
I considered it best to concentrate the patrol 
forces in Kerch Bay In the coming night, I 
therefore Issued the following orders: 

a. After dusk, Commander, 1st Landing Craft 
Flotilla will send 4 naval ferry barges to 
the patrol line off Kerch Bay and 2 naval 
ferry barges to Kamish Burun Bay. The boats 
will return to Kamish Burun at dawn on 

8 December, 

b. Three boats of 3rd Motor Minesweeper Flotilla 
will occupy the patrol line off Eltigen, 

The boats vd.ll leave Theodosia at 1430 and 
will commence return passage at 0400. 

The situation In Kerch and the tasks of the 
patrol lines for the coming night were explained 
In detail to the commanders taking part in tho 
operations , 

In an Army communique issued by 17th Army H.Q. 
on 5 December on the reorganization of the Army, 
C-in-C requested me to take over the following 
tasks with tho naval forces available: 

a. Protection of the oast coast and the seaward 
flanks of Kerch Peninsula with a view to 
detecting enemy landing attempts promptly, 
attacking any such enemy forces while still 
at sea and warning our coastal defenses in 
the event of an enomy attack, 

b. Continuation of the blockade of the Eltigen 
beachhead until it has been mopped up, 
(This will not be necessary as the beachhead 
was captured this morning.) 

c. Protection of Army seaborne supplies. 



OOHFIuiiii 



SECURITY INFORMATION -31- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Western B la ck Sea ; 

While entering the port of Ochakov at 0900 on 
6 December, tugs "Kiel" and "Pawle" were shelled 
by enemy batteries on Kimburn. "Kiel" received 
a hit aft. 

Pour submarine chasers carried out anti-submarine 
operations off Tarkhankutzki. 

U-boat Situation : 

At 1100 U 20 arrived in" Sevastopol from offensive 
patrol, -After taking on fuel, the boat will 
continue to Constantsa at about 2100. 

Mine sweeping Activity i 

Mine sweeping was carried out by 4 FZ -boats off 
Ak Mechet and 2 motor minesweepers (RA) in 
Eupatoria Bay, Ho mines were swept. 

Two minesweeping planes checked the Danube from 
Giurgiu to 50 km. upstream, as it was suspected 
that the enemy had laid aerial mines. No mines 
were swept. Another minesweeping plane 
operated over the Danube Delta. Two checks 
wore made but no mines swept. 

Supply Traffic : 



Convoys in the western Black Sea and along the 
south coast of the Crimea ran as scheduled 
without incident. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -32- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



8 Decemb er, 1945 



Simferopol 



Five planes flew daylight reconnaissance over the 
entire Black Sea but located no enemy shipping. 

Night reconnaissance had to be canceled because 
of the weather. A drifting mine was sunk north 
of Cape Lukull, 

A coastal vessel of 500 tons was sighted off the 
Turkish coast 15 miles northeast of Cide and a 
small steamer close to the shore 8 miles west of 
Cide. An auxiliary sailing vessel of 300 tons 
Was located, course south, about 10 miles east 
of Slnope 



* 



Main Nay a 1_ D/F Statio n Report s % 

One M.T.B. was intercepted off the northern part 
of the east coast. One destroyer was probably 
in a base on the northern Caucasus coast, 
probably Ghelenjik. A minesweeper was inter- 
cepted between the northern and central parts of 
the east coast and an M.T.B. off the southern 
part of the oast coast. In general, -activity 
of small vessels was slight. 

Submarines detected: 1 in the operational area, 
5 more probably In this area and 3. in the eastern 
Black Sea. Main Naval D/F Station, Eupatoria 
still has no definite details regarding the 
probable sinking of an enemy submarine on 
4 December, All the submarines at sea on 
•4 December have been heard transmitting with the 
exception of submarine "W" . Several radiograms 
were sent to her by control, but those have not 
been answered up to now. 

At twilignt, a few boats landed at the southern 
Kerch beachhead without being seen. The naval 
ferry barges had loft their positions just before- 
hand in order to be able to pass Pavlovski 
channel before daylight. 

It is unlikely that these boats were carrying 
troops, as according to Army observations the 
Group which broke through from Eltigen to the 
north has not been reinforced. Presumably this 
landing was for the purpose of landing supplies 
or evacuating troops. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

S ECURITY INFORM! TION -33- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Own Situation: 



Weather forecast: 



West coast Crimea: S - SW winds, force 5, 
Increasing to force 6 in the afternoon, mainly 
overcast, showers, visibility 10 - 12 miles, 
sea 3-4. 

Yalta - Kerch Strait: SW winds, force 5-4, 
increasing to force 5 or 6, cloudy, showers, 
visibility 10 miles, sea 5, later 4, 

C ir ime a a nd Kercti Jj> t ra it : 

a. The motor minesweepers stationed in patrol 
line In the southern part of Kerch Strait had 
an engagement with a Russian gunboat which 
then made off to the east. 

In this engagement, motor minesweeper R 196 
sustained a hit in her fuel tank. She is 
temporarily out of action. Otherwise nothing 
was sighted. While homeward bound, the mine- 
sweepers were machine-gunned off Cape Chauda 
by 2 Russian fighters. No casualties. 

In good visibility nothing was sighted by the 
naval ferry barges off Kerch and Kamish Burun, 

b. The port of Kamish Burun was heavily shelled 
from 1230 to 1540. Only little damage was 
suffered by the naval ferry barges. Two men 
were seriously wounded. 

c • kand Situation : 

Morning: In the raopping~up of the Eltigen 
beachhead, 1,562 prisoners wore taken. 
Captured equipment has not yet been counted. 
The enemy group which broke through to 
Mitridat Hill was hemmed in and 179 prisoners 
were taken In this operation. An enemy 
relief attack against the outer eastern sector 
of Kerch was repulsed. The main defense line 
is firmly In our hands. 

Lively shelling on the northern front. 
Otherwise everything quiet. 

Evening: The attack on the enemy group south 
of Kerch on Mitridat Hill is slowly gaining 
ground. Fighting continues. The enemy 
tank attack on the southern flank of the 
Baksy beachhead was repulsed. 

Lively exchanges of gunfire on the northern 
front. 



Cpj FTDEKTIAL 

SECURITT INFORMATION' -34- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Since the enemy group which broke through from 
Eltigen occupied Mitridat Hill and the coast 
between the southern breakwater and the 
petroleum harbor at Kerch, the present task of 
the patrol lines in Kerch Strait is to stop all 
enemy traffic with every means in their power • 
Because of the threat to our own main defense 
line if the enemy in the southern part of Kerch 
is not at once annihilated, they should under no 
circumstances be allowed to succeed in bringing 
up reinforcements of troops and supplies or in 
gaining a foothold in territory in which they 
would be difficult to locate. 

Laying especial emphasis on the responsible 
nature of the tasks of the patrol lines In the 
coming nights, as they will also have a decisive 
influence on the development of the situation In 
the Kerch area, Commanders, 1st Landing Craft 
Flotilla and 1st S-Boat Flotilla received the 
following orders i 

a. Four naval ferry barges will occupy the patrol 
line in Kerch Bay between Ak Burnu and the 
southern, jetty, 

b. Two naval ferry barges will be stationed 
between Kamish Burun and Pavlovski concen- 
trating their attention on Pavlovskiy 

The naval ferry barges are to be in position 
at 1630 and will start return passage to 
Kamish Burun at 0500 at the earliest. 

c. Given favorable weather, 1st E-Boat Flotilla 
will send 4 boats to the patrol line between 
Chongelek and Eltigen. 

The naval ferry barges mentioned in paras, a, and 
b, were In position in good time. The E~boats 
could not put out on account of the weather. 

Western Black Sea; 



In order to prevent convoy traffic being brought 
to a complete standstill in the Black Sea by the 
increasing air attacks, Group South on the basis 
of ' our report (see ASM Gkdos. 8001/43 A I and 
War Diary 4 % December) requested Naval High 
Command, Naval Staff, Operations Division to 
cancel the order prohibiting the employment of 
Rumanian fighter squadrons stationed in Akkermann 
and Sadki as fighter escorts at once, or to 
transfer German fighter forces to this area 
without delay. 

On 5 December, lighter "Sambre" was washed ashore 
off Klmburn in bad weather, She is a total loss. 



C0iMF IDlJ2CTI AL 

laCUftlTY INFORMATION -35- 



CONFIDENT IA: 



Anti-submarine patrol was canceled in the 
Tarkhankutzki area because of the weather. 

Minefield S 76 was laid off Popovka according to 
plan by 2 naval ferry barges using 58 UMB mines, 

U-boat Situation i 



A motor minesweeper was in position CS 1 at 0500 
to meet U 20 which was putting in to Constantza 
from the operational area. 

Mine sweeping Activity ; 

Mine sweeping had to be canceled because of the 
weather. 

Supply Traffic : 

Convoys in the western Black Sea ran without 
incident. 



CQKriDS.TIAL 

SECURITY INFORM TICK -36- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



9 



December^ 



.943 



Simferopol 



Enemy Situation; 

Night reconnaissance was flown along the Caucasus 
coast as far as Cape PItsunda and southeast of 
the Crimea. No enemy shipping was located. 
No enemy vessels v\rere sighted in the course of 
daylight reconnaissance over the entire Black 
Sea. One coastal vessel of 800 tons was sighted 
in Turkish territorial waters approximately 12 
miles east of Sinope making for Cape Sinope. 

Main Naval d/F Station Reports ; 

Two M.T.B.s were Intercepted off the northern 
part of the east coast , 1 motor gunboat off the 
central part and 2 more M.T.B f s off the southern 
part. The destroyer Intercepted yesterday in a 
base on the northern part of the oast coast is 
still there. 



During the day, 
the northern pa 
Strait increase 
In the evening, 
chaser were rep 
vessels of an u 
marine chasers, 
part of the ea 
intercepted In 



activity of small vessels off 
rt of the oast coast to Kerch 
d and continued into the evening. 

2 more M.T.B.s and a submarine 
orted in this area. Three small 
nidentified type, probably sub- 

were intercepted off the southern 
t coast. One destroyer was 
the southeastern Black Sea, 



Submarines detected: 5 in the northwestern 
Black Sea and west and southwest of the Crimea. 

Two more submarines were heard, being called* A 
further submarine was thought to bo In the opera' 
tional area. Two submarines were operating in 
the eastern and central parts of the Black Sea. 

Thus, with one exception, all the submarines 
which might have been the one attacked by 
submarine chaser No. 103 on 4 December have sine 
been located. 

In spite of our barrage of firo, the enemy was 
able to land from 5 boats approximately 500 
motors south of Kerch under cover of darkness. 

The boats could only have come from Kolon^a, 
keeping close inshore where they could not be 
intercepted by our boats In patrol lire on 
account of the minefield in the middle of Kerch 
Bay. 



COMF1 DEIITIAL 
SECURITY INFORM 



:on 



-37- 



CONFIDENTIAL 

Own Situation: 
Weather forecast: 



Western Black Sea: N winds, force 3-4, cloudy, 
visibility 15 miles, fog during the night, 

C r ime a a n d K er c_h S trait : 

a. Pour naval ferry barges carried out a defensive 
patrol in Kerch Bay last night from 1630 to 
0100 and from 0530 to 0530. Nothing was 
sighted. The weather - SW winds, force 6 - 
forced the naval ferry barges to leave the 
patrol line between 0100 and 0330, as they 
were in danger of drifting into our own mine- 
field. When entering Kamish Burun at about 
0600, they were attacked by planes and shelled 
by artillery from the shore. No casualties 
were suffered. Nothing to report from the 
patrol line off Kamish Burun. 

b • ' La n d S i t ua t i on i 

Morning: The enemy group on Mitridat Hill and 
in the southern part of Kerch was hemmed in 
still further. They were not annihilated 
because of a strong artillery counter-attack 
from the Baksy beachhead* Ground attack planes 
bombarded the blockading troops on Mitridat 
Hill and the town area of Kerch. The number 
of prisoners taken increased to 2,294. 

Isolated German and enemy patrol activity on 
the northern front. 

Evening: After bitter close fighting, an 
important height was taken in the struggle for 
Mitridat Hill. The enemy was thrown back to 
the southern slope of the hill. The enemy 
shelled the main defense line northeast of 
Kerch. Only shelling took place on the 
northern front, 

5th Army Oorps reported that, after assembling the 
necessary combat forces for mopping up the newly- 
formed Kerch beachhead, the attack was to take 
place on 11 December. 

5th Army Corps requested that all light naval 
forces patrol the bay to guard against enemy 
landing attempts and prevent all seaborne 
reinforcements from reaching the enemy until the 
attack commences. 

In the coming nights, naval forces will do every- 
thing in their power to prevent a strengthening 
of the enemy beachhead between, the petroleum 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -39- 



CONFIDENT IAL 



harbor and the southern jetty. However, it must 
be taken Into account that the Kerch beachhead 
cannot be as effectively blockaded as the Eltigen 
beachhead. The minefields in the middle of 
Kerch Bay force the boats In patrol line to 
operate In a certain area, from where, as 
reported under "Enemy Situation", they cannot 
Intercept enemy vessels making for the beachhead 
from Kolonka If they keep close Inshore. 

17th Army H.Q,. and 5th Army Corps were informed. 
At the same time, it was mentioned that our shore 
batteries provided a defense both against enemy 
landing craft close inshore, especially In the 
northern part of Kerch Bay as far as the port of 
Kerch, and against actual landings. 

The following operational orders were issued to 
Commanders, 1st Landing Craft Flotilla and 3rd 
Motor Minesweeper Flotilla, with special 
reference to the fact that during the night of 
s/9 December the enemy had landed 5 boats south 
of Kerch close to the barrel factory, and further 
landing operations were to be expected; 

1. Commander, 1st Landing Craft Flotilla will 
sends 

a. 2 naval ferry barges to the patrol line in 
Kerch Bay and 1 to point 10 

b. 2 naval ferry barges to the patrol line off 
Kami s h Burun, 

The decrease In the number of patrol boats in 
Kerch Bay in comparison with last night was 
intended to give the naval ferry barges more 
freedom of action to operate against enemy 
forces, and make It possible for them to evade 
the bombardment of enemy batteries in the 
western part of Kerch Bay where navigation Is 
restricted by our own minefields. 

The naval ferry barges in Kerch Bay will shell 
the enemy beachhead with 7,5 cm, guns in 
accordance with an agreement "with the Army, 
Last night, the exact stretch of t ho enemy- 
occupied coast was marked by yellow lights at 
either end. Boats will put out and return In 
accordance with yesterday's operational orders. 



2. '■' 



Vii 



Throe boats of 3rd Motor Minesweeper Flotilla 
will occupy the patrol line between Chongelek 
and Kamlsh, They will leave Thoodosla at 
1430 and will commence: return passage at 0400. 

• Commander, Naval Gunnery Detachment 613 

received orders to reinforce the Kerch jetty 
with all available small arms, such as light 



fJ0jjnDE-KL\L 

SECURITY INFORMATION -40- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



the 



machine-guns and heavy machine-guns up to 
2 cm. caliber, to combat landing craft 
proceeding close inshore, 

The boats mentioned in paras. 1. and 2. were in 
position at the prescribed times. At 1710 
2 M.T.B.s made an unsuccessful torpedo attack on 
naval ferry barges off Kerch Bay. The M.T.B.s 
vi/ithdrew when one of them was hit. At 2140 the 
enemy commenced to shell Pavlovski channel. 

Western Black Sea ■ 

Submarine alarm was sounded at 1005 In the naval 
ferry barge formation which was proceeding from 
Odessa to Ak Mechet, 12.5 miles north of 
Tarkhankutzk.I. F 580 was torpedoed and her 
cargo of 2 tons of ammunition exploded, causing 
her to sink immediately. Only 1 wounded man 
was rescued. P 579 outmaneuvered a second 
surface runner. 

Three armed fishing vessels left Sevastopol at 
1130 to carry out anti-submarine operations in 
Eupatorla Bay. 

At 1800 submarine chasers Nos, 102 and 103 left 
Sevastopol to carry out anti-submarine operations 
west of Tarkhankutzki, 

Commander, 30th Motor Minesweeper Flotilla 
received orders to transfer 4 motor minesweepers 
(RA) to Russe at once for a period in dock. 
The boats must arrive there before freezing 
starts . 

After completien of compass repairs, E-boat S 49 
left Sevastopol at 1145 for Ivan Bab a. She 
arrived there at 16 00, There are now 6 E-boats 
ready for operations at Ivan Baba. At 1800 
4 naval ferry barges, which were put out of 
action in the Kerch operations, left Theodosia 
for Yalta for later transfer to Sevastopol 
(dockyard overhaul), 

U 20 arrived at Constantsa at 1000 from her 15th 
enemy patrol (4th Black Sea operation). 

Mines we e pi ; } gActlyltj : 

The FZ-group carried out a check sweep in the area 
suspected of mines off Tarkhankutzki . In 8 
checks with towed loop gear, 1 standard mine was 
swept. 

The report of mine laying, which was the reason 
for the check, was thus confirmed. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

; ECURITY INFORMATION -41- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Commander, 50th Motor Minesweeper Flotilla 
received orders to check the area east of the 
route between points Green 37 and Green 38 with 
towed loop gear, and to transfer 2 more FZ-boats 
to Ak Mechet for this purpose. 

1st Air Corps was requested to give support with 
mine swee ping planes. This they agreed to do. 

Motor minesweepers (RA) carried out exploratory 
sweeps north of route Green off Eupatoria Bay, 
No mines v/erc swept, 

Sirpp ly Tr affi c : 

Apart from the submarine attack on the Odessa- 
Ak Mechet convoy, convoys in the western Black 
Sea ran without incident* 



C ONFIDENTIA L 

SECURITY INF0HMA.TI0N -42- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



i9_ J^£^££i. J^5. 



S imfe ro£ol 

En emy S i tuati o n : 



The requested night reconnaissance of the 
Caucasus coast had to be canceled because of fog 
over the air base* Pour planes operated on day- 
light reconnaissance over the entire Black Sea, 
but no enemy shipping was located. 

In the morning a freighter was sighted, course 
west, off the Turkish coast, approximately 5 
miles north of Ayanzik. A Turkish freighter of 
3,000 tons was seen, course east, north of Bafra 
Burnu* 

Main Naval d/f S tat ion R epor ts : 

Two M.T.3.3 were located at noon off the southern 
part of the east coast. One submarine was 
located in an unidentified position, probably in 
the eastern Black Sea, 

Moderate activity of small vessels in the 
evening. Two M.T.B.s were intercepted In the 
area off the northern part of the east coast and 
Kerch Strait and 3 minesweepers off the southern 
part of the oast coast. 

Submarines detected: 2 In the northwestern 
Black Sea to west and southwest of the Crimea, 
A third was only heard being called. It Is 
thought that 3 more submarines must be In the 
operational area. The submarine intercepted 
at noon in the eastern Black Sea is still there* 

Own Situation: 



Weather forecast 



Variable winds, force 2 - 3, mainly overcast, 
local showers, visibility 6-10 miles, patches 
of fog during the night, sea 2. 

Crimea and Kerch Strait: 



a 



After corning 'under heavy fire from the 
batteries near Kolonka and those on Kossa 
Chushka and Kossa Tuszla at about 2500 on 
9 December, the naval ferry barges had an 
engagement In the western part of Kerch Bay 
and PavlovskI channel with enemy landing 
craft which were attempting to get through 
to the MItridat Hill beachhead." 



CONFIDENTIAL 



SECURITY INFORMATION -43- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



According; to observations made from the shore, 
9 enemy boats were sunk In this action by 
naval ferry barges and coastal batteries, 
A direct hit on naval ferry barge F 333 put 
the engine and a 7.5 cm. gun out of action. 
Casualties were suffered. All the naval 
ferry barges put In to Kamish Burun about 
053 o". 

This operation was carried out under heavy 
fire from the shore batteries In Kerch Bay 
using artillery and multiple rocket-firing 
guns in an area seriously endangered by mine- 
fields, and was of the greatest Importance in 
mopping up the beachhead. It was completely 
justified in the light of the success which 
was gained in cooperation with the coastal 
batteries , 

The enemy did not succeed in landing 
reinforcements. Thus the way was made clear 
for the Army to go ahead and mop up the 
beachhead, which was a serious threat to the 
town of Kerch and the entire Kerch Peninsula. 

Motor minesweepers sighted nothing In the 
southern part of Kerch Strait. 

Mornings Our own attack against the enemy 
group which broke through to MItridat Hill 
continued to be successful after daybreak. 
The MItridat heights are in our hands. The 
attempts to land reinforcements last night, 
under cover of heavy shellfire were smashed 
by our own artillery and naval ferry barges. 

A group of 300 to 4 00 partisans attacked the 
village of Suya on the Simf eropol-Theodosia 
road during the night of 8/9 December, 
Rumanian troops mopped up the village and 
regained important road communications. 

Evenings The entire MItridat Hill including 
Hill 91.4 has been cleared of enemy forces. 
Our own attack against the southern part of 
Kerch commenced at 1400 after heavy 
preparatory fire and bombing with incendiaries 
and oil bombs. Nothing to report from the 
northern front or the Baksy beachhead. 

°* Aii\ _ jk^ c -? iy : l^s sancc of Caucasus Ports i 

On account of the lack of suitable planes in 
the Crimea, reconnaissance of Caucasus ports 
has been seriously neglected recently. The 
Crimean situation demands advance knowledge 
of enemy landing Intentions, since only then 



u_ i FJ DENE ..I 

" Formation -44- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



will it be possible to detail naval forces in 
good time for suitable countermeasures . 
Knowledge of landing preparations depends 
however on continuous reconnaissance of all 
the Caucasus ports. As only 3 reconnaissance 
flights were made over the ports in the month 
of October and only 1 flight in November, 
there is at present no data available on the 
disposition of forces and activity of the 
Russian Navy and merchant fleet. The enemy 
is therefore in a position to make a sudden 
attack with strong forces on the Crimean 
coast • 

Explaining this situation, I sent a renewed 
request to 4th Air Force: 

a. Reconnaissance of the Caucasus ports and 
coast at least every third day, if weather 
c o nd i t io ns perm i t • 

b. Transfer of those planes suitable for 
photographic reconnaissance from Odessa to 
the Crimea, as we consider Odessa to bo an 
unfavorable base for reconnaissance of the 
Caucasus during the winter, as the few 
favorable days which occur in this season 
cannot be turned to good account owing to 
the prevalent fog. 

Operations ordered for the night of 9/10 December: 

Since the enemy forces have been still further 
encircled on Mitridat Hill and are about to be 
annihilated, they will either make another great 
effort to bring up reinforcements in the coming 
night or else try to evacuate the troops. As 
on the previous night, these attempts must be 
smashed at all costs. It is fully appreciated 
that the task of the naval ferry barges is a 
most difficult and nearly impossible one, 
considering their clumsy construction in relation 
to the narrow bay, the difficulties of navigation, 
and the concentrated fire from the enemy batteries 
at Kolonka, Kossa Chushka and Kossa Tuszla, which 
will probably be far stronger in the coming night. 

nevertheless, because of the urgency of wiping 
out the newly-formed bridgehead as soon as 
possible, this operation must be carried out 
regardless of the losses to be expected* 

Commanders, 1st Landing Craft Flotilla and 3rd 
Motor Minesweeper Flotilla received the following 
orders : 

a. As soon as darkness sets in, 2 naval ferry 
barges will occupy the patrol line in Kerch 
Bay and 2 others the one off Kamish Burun. 



COMFIDjLL'TLU. 

SECURITY IMPORTATION -45- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



The boats will return to Kamish Burun at dawn. 

b. Three motor minesweepers will be stationed In 
the southern part of Kerch Strait, concen- 
trating on Eltigen. The boats will leave 
Thoodosia at 1430 and will commence return 
passage at 0400. 

The flotilla commanders were especially advised 
of the significance and Importance of the task. . 

The boats were in position in good time. At 
2000 the naval ferry barges reported that they 
were being shelled off Pavlovski channel by enemy 
c oa s t a 1 batteries. 

Western B l a c k _ Sea : 

Anti- submarine operations off Tarkhankutzki were 
carried out by 5 armed fishing vessels and 2 
submarine chasers (naval transports ) • No mines 
were swept. One inertia contact mine was 
exploded by submarine chaser No. 103 approxi- 
mately 17 miles west of Ak Mechet. 

On the basis of the weather forecast, I believe 
that the long proposed offensive operation by 1st 
E-Boat Flotilla against enemy supply traffic off 
the Caucasus coast, should be possible in the 
coming night. Since 1 November, the E-boats 
have had to remain on defensive operations in 
Kerch Strait, as the most important task at the 
time was the defense of the Crimean fortress. 
It is most necessary that our E-boats should 
make an appearance off the Caucasus coast to 
harass enemy traffic proceeding to the north- 
western Caucasus ports, unsettle the enemy In 
that area and tie down light enemy naval forces 
which would otherwise be available for offensive 
operations . 

Commander, 1st E-Boat Flotilla received the 
following orders t 

On the night of lo/ll December, 1st E-Boat 
Flotilla will carry out the operation (scheduled 
for the night of 5 December but canceled because 
of weather) against enemy shipping off Cape 
Utrlch and Cape Idokopas, Operational orders 
for 5 December with 2 groups of 3 boats each. 
times remain unchanged. 



Th( 



1st Air Corps was requested to send the 
Liechtenstein reconnaissance plane to the area 
between Tuapse and Anapa from 1900 to 0200 to 
cooperate with the E-boats. 



COKFir^NTLAI 

SECURITY INF0HMATI0N -46- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



U-boat Sit uatiou : 

U 23 has been lying ready for operations at 
Constantsa since 9 December waiting for a spare 
part for her hydrophone set from Germany* 
Arrival has been delayed because of bomb damage 
to the delivering firm. 

Mi ne sjy e_e pi ng_ Activity; 

FZ -boats carried out a check sweep for standard 
mines off Tarkhankutzki. No mines were swept. 

Supply Traffic : 



Convoys in the western Black Sea and off the 
Crimean coast ran as scheduled without incident. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

^■lMKjM2I^I12E -47- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



11 December, 1945 



Ste^ropol 

Enemy i S 1 tuatlon : 



No enemy vessels were sighted during night 
reconnaissance of the area southeast of the 
Crimea and south of Kerch Strait. 

Three planes flew daylight reconnaissance over 
the entire Black Seaj no enemy shipping was 
located. The following shipping was observed 
in Turkish territorial waters: 1 freighter of 
1,500 tons, course west, 12 miles northwest of 
Ayanzikj 1 coastal vessel of 500 tons, course 
west, 10 miles northeast of Ayanzikj 1 Turkish 
passenger vessel of 4,000 tons, course east, off 
Bafra Burnuj 1 Turkish freighter of 5,000 tons, 
course east, approximately 20 miles west of 
Amasraj 1 Turkish freighter of 1,500 tons, 
course west, about 5 miles north of Amasra. 

Main Naval d/f Station Reports ; 

During the day activity of small vessels off the 
east coast increased, continued until evening 
and slackened off during the night. 

According to the noon report, 4 K.T.B.s, 2 motor 
gunboats and an unidentified small vessel were 
intercepted between the northern and central 
parts of the east coast and 2 minesweepers off 
the southern part. A submarine was intercepted 
off the central part of the east coast, course 
we s t no r thwe s t • 

in the evening 5 more H.T.B.s and a submarine 
wore intercepted In the submarine operational 
area off the southern part of the east coast. 
One gunboat and 1 M.T.B. were intercepted 
between the northern and central parts of the 
east coast. 

Submarines detected: 5 in the northwestern 
Black Sea to west and southwest of the Crimea. 
Another submarine was heard being called. In 
addition to these, 2 more submarines were 
thought to be in the operational area. One 
submarine was located off the central part of the 
east coast to the central Black Sea and one In 
the eastern Black Sea, Thus a total of 8 sub- 
marines was intercepted. 



SECUIffTI INFORMATION -48- 






CONFIDENTIAL 



Own Situation 



Weather forecast: 



NE - E winds, force 3 - 4, off the west coast up 
to force 5, cloudy, visibility after the fog 
clears 12 miles, sea 2-3. 

.^ r Arcc_ a _ ja_nci_ Ke r ch__S_t r a it s 

a. Last night from 17 00 to 0530, 2 naval ferry 
barges were in patrol line off Kerch Bay and 

■2 off Kamish Burun, Throughout the night 
they were heavily shelled by enemy artillery 
and multiple rocket-firing guns. They also 
had several bombing attacks. The boats 
suffered only slight damage and no casualties. 
At about 0130 approximately, 20 landing craft 
and 4 motor gunboats were seen heading for 
Kolonka -Kerch and were shelled by the coastal 
batteries. It was not possible for our 
naval ferry barges to interfere as their guns 
would have been trained on our own coast. 

Coastal defense guns sank 8 small and 4 large 
boats from the enemy formation. The 
remaining beats withdrew. 

The motor minesweepers in the southern part of 
Kerch Strait sighted nothing* While homeward 
bound off Gape Chauda, 2 enemy fighters were 
fought off with 5.7 cm. guns. At 0910 bombs 
were dropped on Kamish Burun. A direct hit 
was scored on naval ferry barge P 559, causing 
serious damage, 

b. Land Situation: 



Morning: The Mitridat Kill beachhead is In 



our hands 



3 00 prisoners were taken, 



German and enemy patrol activity along the 
northern front. Nothing to report from the 
Baksy beachhead, 



Evening; Nothing to report from the northern 
front or the Baksy beachhead. 

After ^mopping up the newly-formed enemy beach- 
head in the southern part of Kerch Peninsula, I 
sent the following message to 17th Army H,Q, : 

After the mopping-up of the Eltigen and southern 
Kerch beachheads, it was reported that the 
recaptured coast is once more firmly in our 
hands, I am therefore going to discontinue 
patrol duty by light naval forces during dark- 
ness. They have operated since 1 November, 
stopping enemy supplies in Kerch Strait. 



CONFIDENTIAL 
SECURITY INFORMATION 



-49- 



CONFIDENTIAL 




Commander, 3rd Motor Minesweeper Flotilla 
received the following operational order for the 
coming night after being advised of the reasons 
for the occasional reconnaissance thrusts: 

a. Three motor minesweepers will occupy the 
patrol line between Chongelek and Kamish Burun 
on the night of ll/l2 December, 

b. The boats will leave Theodosia at 1500 and 
will pass Takil homeward bound at 0500. 

c. If contact Is made with the enemy, a report is 
to be sent immediately. No other German 
forces will bo in Kerch Strait in the coming 
night, The boats left Theodosia at 1515 for 
the patrol line in Kerch Strait, 

Wo stern B_la ck Sea : 

During the forenoon Pervomeisk was heavily 
shelled from Kimburn. Naval gunnery lighter 
No, 4 was damaged by splinters in the port bow, 
is shipping water and is being kept afloat with 
the aid of pumps, Rumanian ground attack planes 
dropped bombs on Kimburn, The town of Ochakov 
was shelled between 1300 and 1400, Kimburn was 
later heavily shelled by the Germans and 
Rumanians, At 0950 submarine chasers Nos , 102 
and 103 attacked an enemy submarine with depth 
charges off Tarkhankutzki in air grid square 
2656, No result has been reported. 

Three other submarine chasers (armed fishing 
vessels) were engaged on anti-submarine patrol In 
the waters off Eupatoria, 

At 1115 submarine chaser No, 105 reported that a 
Ju 87 had crashed off Tarkhankutzki, At 1130 
submarine chasers Nos, 102 and 103 put in to Ak 
Mechet to land the rescued crew and left again 
at 1500 for anti-submarine patrol. At 1650 
submarine chaser No, 105 reported that the 
submarine operations carried out this morning 
5 miles west of Tarkhankutzki must have been 
inspired by a faulty location or a mistaken 
reading of the search gear, as 50 depth charges 
were dropped without result. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

GSCURITI IHTOEMA.Ti0N -50- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



At 0455 4 naval ferry barges put In to Sevastopol 
from Yalta for repairs after operations in Kerch 
Strait. Four damaged naval ferry barges left 
Kami ah Burun at 1G00 for Theodosia. 

The results of the operation carried out by 1st 
E-Boat Flotilla yesterday against enemy shipping 
were as follows : 

a. One group was in position off Cape Idokopas 
at 1720. Bright full moon, visibility about 
8 miles. No traffic. Returned at 2230, 
NNW winds, force 5 - 6, sea 4. 

b. The other group was in position off Cape 
Utrlch at 1825, No traffic was sighted in 
continuous good visibility. This operation 
was also broken off at 0100 as weather 
conditions became worse, 

U-b o at SI t uaj^ion ; 

The following radiogram was received from U 9, 
in the operational area: 

"Will commence return passage on 13 December at 
the latest. Lubricating oil 400 liters, 9 cbm, 
fuel, 5 torpedoes, no traffic," 

On account of a shortage of U-boats U 9 will 
have to stay a few days longer in the operational 
area. The boat therefore received orders to 
report the latest possible date of " return, if 
she were to take in supplies and fuel at 
Theodosia, 

Mines we eping Ac t ivity : 

FZ~boats carried out a check sweep off 
Tarkhankutzki, No mines were swept. 

Supply Traffic : 

Convoy traffic was canceled today In the western 
Black Sea and along the south coast of the 
Crimea because of the weather. 



COIIFIDERTLX 

SECURITY INFORMATION -51- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



12 December, 1945 



Simferopol 

Enemy Situation: 



No night reconnaissance because of the weather. 
No enemy vessels were sighted in the course of 
daylight reconnaissance over the central and 
eastern Black Sea* 

Results of reconnaissance of the ports were as 
follows : 

Taman (aerial photograph, partly obscured by 
cloud )i 5 M.T.B.s and 6 pontoon ferries. 

Gluchoi channel (aerial photograph, partly 
obscured by cloud): 1 large motor gunboat, 
12 pontoon ferries and 10 boats. 

Ma 1 jn_ Naval _ | P/F St a tion Reports ; 

Pour M.T.B.s were intercepted at noon off the 
northern part of the east coast to Kerch Strait 
and 1 motor gunboat in the Sea of Azov. 

A submarine was intercepted in an unidentified 
position in the central or eastern Black Sea. 
Slight activity of small vessels continued in 
the evening and during the night. Another 
M.T.B, was intercepted between the central and 
the northern parts of the east coast and 2 motor 
gunboats were detected off the northern part. 

In the northwestern Black Sea as far as west and 
southwest of the Crimea, an unidentified sub- 
marine and submarine "W" were only heard being 
called. Four more submarines are still thought 
to be in the operational area. One submarine 
is in the northeastern Black Sea, most probably 
off Kerch Peninsula, 

As far as can be judged at present, submarine 
"W" was destroyed In the anti-submarine opera- 
tions carried out on 4 December by submarine 
chaser No. 105, She was located for the last 
time on 3 November in air grid square 3675, and 
has only boon heard being called twico since* 

According to an agent's report, an enemy force 
consisting of 1 cruiser, 2 destroyers, 2 tankers, 
17 M.T.B.s and 4 submarines loft Batum on 
6 December steering north, 4th Air Force was 
therefore requested to make a photographic 
reconnaissance of the port of Tuapse immediate].^ 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECNRIir INFQjjHmON -52- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Own Situation; 



Weather forecast; 



West coast Crimea: S - NE winds, force 4-5, 
sea 5. 

South coast Crimea: NE winds, force 5, sea 2. 
Kerch Strait: NE - E winds, force 4, sea 2 - 3. 
General forecast: Cloudy, visibility 12 miles. 

Crimea and Kerch Strai t : 

a. On the night of ll/l2 December, nothing was 
sighted by the 3 motor minesweepers in Kerch 
Strait which were stationed in patrol line 
between Chongelek and. Kamish Burun, They 
put in to Theodosia at 0500, 

9th Battery, Naval Gunnery Detachment 613 
shelled the enemy batteries on Cape Panaghia, 

b . La n d S I tua t i on : 

Morning: In annihilating the enemy group 
which broke through to the southern part of 
Kerch, 400 prisoners were taken, including 
36 officers. All was quiet on the northern 
front and the Baksy front. 

■ Evening: The number of prisoners taken at 
the Eltigen and Kerch beachheads amounts to 
2,827, Captured were: 36 anti-tank guns, 
19 heavy machine-guns, 69 light machine-guns, 
41 mortars, 10 anti-tank rifles and 789 
revolvers, 38 tanks, 25 anti-tank guns, 
17 Infantry guns, 31 mortars and 2 anti- 
aircraft guns were destroyed. Our own 
losses in killed and wounded in the two 
beachheads amounted to : 

1,203 German officers, non-commissioned 
officers and men, 
952. Rumanian officers, non-commissioned 
officers and men. 

On the northern front lively traffic continued 
on the dams across the Sivash, 

Operations ordered for the night of 12/13 
December : 

Commander, 1st Landing Craft Flotilla and 
Commander, Naval Gunnery Detachment 613 received 
the f ollowing operational orders : 

After mopping up the two beachheads In Kerch 
Strait, It will be necessary to send out 
occasional patrols at night. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -53- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



The object of such patrol lines is as follows: 
The mopping-up of the enemy beachheads at 
Eltigen and south Kerch was only possible 
because reinforcements and material were 
prevented from reaching them. The enemy knows 
this. By occasional night operations of naval 
ferry barges, motor minesweepers and E-boats, 
the enemy must be made to believe that our own 
coast is still guarded by naval forces and that 
they would suffer the same defeat if they were 
to attempt similar landing operations. 

Orders 

a. Three naval ferr;y barges will leave Kamish 
Burun at 1800 and will stand on and off in 
patrol line between Chongclek and Kamish 
Burun until 0200. They will then return to 
Kamish Burun. . Formation line ahead, 
distance between the boats at least 400 
meters so that they do not present a closed 
targut to the enemy coastal batteries. 

Task: To' attack enemy forces and prevent 
landings. If the enemy is sighted send a 
.message immediately. 

b. Naval Gunnery Detachment 613 will hold off 
enemy coastal batteries by shelling them at 
once, should they fire on the naval ferry 
barges . 

c. No other naval forces will be operating in 
Kerch Strait during the night of 12/lo 
December. 

Western Blac k Sea ; 

It was pointed out to Army Group A that according 
to available reports, the shipping placed at 
their disposal by the Navy had not been fully 
utilized in the period from 1 to 10 December* ■ 
According to a report from Commander, Sea 
Transportation, Black Sea, this was due to an 
inadequate supply of goods arriving in the ports. 

Army Group A was urgently requested to ensure 
that sufficient supplies of goods would be on 
the spot In future. Naval Group South, 17th 
Army H.b,., Commander, Sea Transportation, Black 
Sea and Commander, Convoys and Escorts, Black 
Sea were also informed. : 

The recently increasing losses In shipping as a 
result of submarine attacks make it necessary 
for me to define once again, for the benefit of 
Commander, Convoys and Escorts, Black Sea and 
all other formations In the Black Sea area, how 
vessels should proceed In endangered areas. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

sect?]' lity * ih TOiaurcoN -54- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



1. At 1000 on 9 December, a submarine attacked 
4 naval ferry barges with a fan~of-two 
torpedoes (surface runners) off Tarkhankutzki. 
One hit was scored on P 580, the second torpedo 
passed 2 meters astern of F'579 as she out- 
maneuvered it. The naval ferry barges were 
sailing In close formation without zig-zagging. 

2. Lesson: .-..../ 

In submarine operational areas -spread out by 
day and on bright nights, but maintain a 
favorable formation (e.g. hedgehog formation)* 

A close formation offers a good target to a fan 
of torpedoes and may lea.d to ramming If 
avoiding action has to be taken. 

Distance between boats at least 400 meters. 
In addition to this, vigorous and Irregular 
alterations of course should be made (up to 
25°). The loss of time must be accepted* 

3. Attention is drawn to the following: 

a. The importance of the look-out. (The 
look-out aboard P 579 saw the torpedo 
fired and thus the boat was able to avoid 
it. Presumably the tracks of the torpedo 
were not seen by P 580.) 

b. The need for energetic and correct 
avoiding action. 

c. The possibility of firing at surface 
. runners with machine-guns. 

Submarine chasers Nos • 102 and 103 put in to 
Sevastopol at' 0200 from anti-submarine patrol. 

South coast Crimea: 4 damaged naval ferry 
barges entered Theodosia at 0130 from Kamlsh 
Burun . 

IT -bo at^ Sitiiatjiqn : 

In spite of the four days » delay In the 
departure of U 23, caused by the non-appearance 
of the multi-unit hydrophone compensator, it 
was decided that the boat should still not be 
ordered to put out without this listening device. 

U 9 is to close this operational gap by staying 
longer in position and refueling at Theodosia. 
In reply to a request, she answered that she 
could stay in the operational area until 
16 December and that she would take on fuel in 
Theodosia on 17 December. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

3ECURITT INFORMATION -55- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



The following boats are due to be at readiness: 

IJ 19 on 22 December, U 20 on 28 December, U 84 
on 4 January, 1944 (after thorough overhaul at 
C-alatz), U IS approximately 25 January, 1944 in 
Galatz (after thorough overhaul and repair of 
damage caused by depth charges), 

Mill? s weeping; Activity °, 

Minesweeping had to be canceled because of the 
weather. 



o 



upply Traffic : 



Convoys were again postponed in the western 
Black Sea because of the weather. 



C ONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -56- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



13 Dec emb o r , 1943 



Simferopo l 

Enemy Situations 



Night reconnaissance was again canceled, because 
of the weather. Reconnaissance was flown 
during the day over the central and eastern 
Black Sea but no enemy vessels were sighted, 

A Turkish freighter of 4,000 tons, course west, 
was sighted approximately 12 miles northeast of 
Bafra Burnu, and a steamer of 5,000 tons, course 
southeast, G miles north of Bafra Burnu # 

Main Naval p/P Station Rgjoo rts : 



At noon 1 M.T.B, and 1 motor gunboat were 
intercepted between the northern and central 
parts of the east coast and 2 M.T.B.s and a 
minesweeper off the southern part. According 
to the evening report, activity of small vessels 
was generally slight. Two further M.T.B.s were 
intercepted In the evening between the northern 
and central parts of the east coast and a mine- 
sweeper off the soxithern part. 

Submarines detected: 2 in the northwestern 
Black Sea. to southwest of the Crimea. The 
submarine intercepted yesterday off Kerch 
Peninsula was approximately 55 miles southwest 
of Sevastopol in the evening. Three further 
submarines are thought to be in the operational 
area. One submarine was intercepted In an 
unidentified position, pjr'obably at sea in the 
operational area. 

Own Situation; 



Weather forecast: 



NE winds, force 4, cloudy, visibility 15 miles, 
sea 2-3. 

Crimea -and Kerch Strait i 

a. Last night 3 • naval ferry barges were stationed 
in patrol lino In Kerch Strait between Chongelok 
and Kamish Burun, " Nothing to report, 

b. La n d 5 i t u a 1 1 o n : 

Morning: No fighting took place during the 
night of 12/13 December, So far enemy losses 
on Mitrldat Hill and in the southern part of 
Kerch have amounted to 1,110 killed, 819 taken 
prisoner, 7 20 revolvers, 6 machine-guns, 



CONFID ENTIAL 

SECURITY "i: m)RI'AT I0N ~57~ 



CONFIDENTIAL 



37 mortars and 18 anti-tank rifles were 
captured. Judging by the casualties and the 
number of prisoners taken, the newly-formed 
Kerch beachhead was much larger than was at 
first expected. It is possible that it was 
strengthened by partisans. 

Evening: No fighting on the northern front 
apart from slight shelling by both sides. 

Slight shelling and air activity in the Baksy 
beachhead. 

No operations are planned for the coming night in 
Kerch Strait, but 3 naval ferry barges will be at 
an hour's readiness at Kamish Burun from 17 00 
until daybreak, in case of emergency. 

Western Bl ac k Se a : 

Naval Group South reported that in response to 
the request from 4th Air Force the Rumanians have 
again placed fighter escort at the disposal of 
our convoys. Group also reported that, owing to 
the more critical- situation at Army Group South, 
no extra fighters could be spared for convoy 
protection from our own resources. 

At our request, 1st Air Corps has received 
standing orders to attack the air base at 
Skadovsk, which Is used as a base for bomber and 
torpedo planes operating against our convoys • 
No attacks have been possible in the last few 
days because of the weather. Attacks will only 
bo made during the night because of the strong 
enemy fighter defenses, 

4th Air Force reported that, in compliance with 
our request , the Caucasus ports will in future be 
reconnoitered every second day, weather 
permitting. Our suggestion that the planes In 
question should be transferred from Odessa to the 
Crimea Is not practicable on account of supply 
difficulties-. 

According to a report from Naval Port Commander, 
Nikolaiev, 4 Rumanian bombers attacked Kimburn 
during the forenoon and enemy artillery shelled 
the town and port of Oohakov, German mortars 
shelled Kimburn in tho afternoon. The enemy 
again shelled tho town and port of Ocbakov. 
Slight damage to buildings. No military damage 
or casualties. 

According to bhc experiences of the last few days, 
It Is presumed that the main operational area of 
enemy submarines is still the Tarkhankutzki- 
Eupatoria Bay area. In the present easterly 



COKFIDMTIAL 

SEGlgaTY . n?F01SjATI0N -53- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



gales it Is to be expected that the boats would 
prefer the more protected Eupatpria Bay, They 
must be systematically hunted and destroyed In 
order to prevent further losses of ships, which 
are irreplaceable for supplying the Crimea, 

Commander, 1st Submarine Chaser Flotilla was 
informed of this and received the following 
orders s Submarine chasers Nos , 101 and 102 to 
leave Sevastopol at 1400 on 13 December on anti- 
submarine patrol in air grid squares 2660, 2680 
and 3670, They will not return until ordered 
to do so by Admiral, Black Sea, Breakdowns, 
casualties etc, will be reported by Most 
Immediate signal. Wait for the order to return. 

Commander, Convoys and Escorts, Crimean Coast 
received instructions to inform the convoys about 
the activity of the submarine chasers and the 
submarine chasers of convoys due to pass. 

The boats left Sevastopol at 1510 for anti- 
submarine patrol in the prescribed area* 

On the afternoon of 12 December, No, 1 hatch of 
steamer "Lola" caught fire while lying in 
Sevastopol, The fire was extinguished by 
flooding the hold. No important damage was 
done. The cause was not discovered, probably 
c a r e 1 e s s s m ok I ng , 

At 2040 5 motor minesweepers left Theodosia for 
Sevastopol for mine sweeping operations. 
Commander, 3rd. Motor Minesweeper Flotilla 
received orders to fit the boats out at once for 
mine swee ping duties on reaching Sevastopol, 
Minesweening orders to follow. 



U-b oa t Situation : 

In order to avoid further delay in the departure 
of U 23 through the non-arrival of the compensator 
for the multi-unit hydrophone, the U-boat base 
received orders to install the compensator from 
U 20, The boat will then at least be able to 
receive sound transmissions. Noise locations 
(determination of direction) will not be possible 
as the compensator and the brush-plate are tuned 
for operation aboard U 20. 

U 9 received permission to attack all vessels in 
the operational Novorossisk-Tuapse area, concen- 
trating in the area north and south of Tuapse, 
and orders to return to Theodosia on 16 December 
to refuel. 



CONFIDENTIAL 



2TY INF03M&TE0N -59- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Mine sweeping- Activity i 

FZ 5 and FZ 8. carried out a check sweep for 
standard mines wost of Tarkhankutzki, No mines 
were swept* 

Two FZ-boats carried out check sweeps for moored 
mines 'off Ak Mechet harbor entrance. Report 
has not yet boon received. 

One standard mine was swept by a minesweeping 
plane approximately 150 meters west of the 
lighthouse on Tarkhankutzki, 

In contrast to other checks requested up to now, 
1st Air P'orce was requested to have the area up 
to the 25-meter line checked by minesweeping 
planes. 

Supply Traffic ; 

Convoys were again postponed because of the 
weather. 



C ONFIDENTIAL 
SECURITY INFORMATION 



-60- 



CONFIDENTIAL 

14 De^^ber^JL^ 

Simferopol 

Enemy Situation : 

Nothing was sighted by night reconnaissance 
except our own vessels. Reconnaissance flown 
during the day over the central and eastern 
Black Sea sighted no enemy vessels. A Turkish 
freighter of 4, 000 tons "was seen on a north- 
westerly course off the Turkish coast, 8 miles 
northeast of Ayanzik, . 

Main Naval P/F^Station Reports : 

One M.T.B, was intercepted at noon between the 
northern and central parts of the east coast 
and 2 motor launches wore detected in the Sea 
of Azov. 

Only very slight activity of small vessels in 
the evening off the oast coast. Two mine- 
sweepers and 1 M.T.B. wore located off the 
southern part. 

According to a radio intercept report, the 
convoy proceeding from Constantza to Sevastopol 
was located at 1720 by a submarine 55 miles 
southeast of St. George which passed this 
information to all submarines in the operational 
area. 

Submarines detected; 2 in the northwestern Black 
S,ea to west and southwest of the Crimea, one of 
which was approaching from an easterly direction* 
Four more submarines were thought to be in the 
operational area. One submarine, homeward 
bound, was located in the afternoon approximately 
60 miles south of Yalta, 

Submarine "W", which had been regarded as lost 
since 4 December, was again called in radio 
traffic. Today different stations tried to 
. reach her with the same radiogram which had 
already been sent on the previous days. Her 
destruction, which was believed likely after the 
combat report, is now assumed to be confirmed on 
the basis of the radio monitoring reports. 

Own Situation? ' 



Weather forecast: 



Light winds, mainly N, generally overcast, 
visibility 12 miles, sea 2, 



CONFIDENTIAL 

CNF0RMATE0N -61- 



JLI 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Crimea and Kerch S trait ; 

a. No activity in Kerch Strait. The 3 naval 
ferry barges which were at one hour T s readi- 
ness in Kamish Burun last night had nothing 
to report. . 

The port and harbor areas of Kamish Burun were 
shelled during the day. No damage or 
casualties. 

The danger to naval ferry barges at Karnish 
Burun in air raids and during shelling is not 
now so great, as the remaining 3 vessels can 
be berthed at greater distances apart. 

k» Land Sj/fauatjon : 

Increasing artillery and air activity and 
lively enemy movements on the Perekop front. 
Otherwise nothing to report. 

Operations ordered for the night of 14/15 
December ; 

Commanders, 1st Landing Graft Flotilla and Naval 
Gunnery Detachment 615 received the following 
orders ; 

a. In the coming night 3 naval ferry barges will 
repeat the reconnaissance thrust in Kerch 
Strait between Chongelek and Kamish Burun, 
leaving Kamish Burun at 1600 and commencing 
return passage at midnight. 

. Task; To prevent enemy landings. If contact 
is made with the enemy, a Most Immediate 
signal should bo sent immediately, 

b. If the naval ferry barges arc shelled by enemy 
coastal batteries, Naval Gunnery Detachment 

. 613 will- assist the boats by paralysing the 
c ncmy batteries. 

The naval ferry barges left Kamish Burun at 1550 
to take up their proscribed positions. 

Western Black Sea; 



In ASM Gkdos, 8229 A I dated 15 December, it was 
suggested to Group South that a Coastal Defense 
Flotilla, Black Sea should be formed. It is 
felt here that a change in the organization Is 
necessary because of the Increasing convoy and 
escort tasks In the Black Sea, the shifting of 
the main body of sea transport to bhe western 
Black Sea and the need to cooperate with 
Rumanian naval forces, giving them full confidence, 
yet making allowances for the Rumanian mentality. 



i\JI 



SJTI.AJ 



SECURITY INFORMATION -62- 



o 



CONFIDENTIAI 



LLl 



As no reply has yet been received from Army 
Group A regarding a possible re -occupation of 
Kimburn Peninsula, a fresh inquiry was sent 
asking if and when such an operation could be 
expected. 

Some statement is required, so that arrangements 
can be made for the necessary movement of 
transports before the river Bug and the Dnieper 
estuary freeze. 

According to a report from Naval Port Commander, 
Nikolaiev, enemy fighters attacked lighters 
lying in Ochakov roads and harbor at 0750* 
Slight damage. Enemy artillery shelled the 
town and harbor of Ochakov. Rumanian fighters 
attacked Kimburn. No losses. Anti-submarine 
operations were carried out in the Eupatoria- 
Tarkhankutzki area by submarine chasers Nos » 101 
and 102, and south of Gape .Sarich by "Rosita", 
Nothing to report. 

Up to now, nearly all our Cons tantza-Sevastopol 
steamer convoys have had to take the route 
through Eupatoria Bay, as the direct southern 
route through the Russian danger area was blocked. 
Enemy submarines have therefore concentrated in 
the Tarkhankutzki-Eupatoria area and forced us 
to route all oivr convo^rs via SS 1 and Cape Sarich, 
It will therefore be necessary to make an 
approach route direct to Sevastopol from the 
southwest. 

Commander, 3rd Motor Minesweeper Flotilla 
therefore received the following orders: 

a. The area between the connecting lines 

44° 36.5' N, 33° 18.5' E, 
44° 31. 0* N, 33° 21.5 1 E, 
44° 24.0? N, 35° 15.5' E 
and 44° 30.0' N, 33° 10.0' E 
should be swept up to the 150-meter line with 
oropesa guar, 15-meter pendant, while the area 
outside the 150-meter line should be checked* 

b. This operation should be carried out by 5 
boats of the Crimea group, 

o. Commence operations on 15 December and, if 
weather permits, daily from sunrise to sunset, 

d. Report daily after entering port the stage of 
work reached and the da7/'s events. 

Commander, 1st E-Boat Flotilla received orders 
to repeat the operation against enemy traffic off 
Capo Utrich and Capo Idokopas with two groups of 
3 boats on the night of 14/15 December in 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SrXOTffTfT^ORMTlON -63- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



accordance with previous' orders. 

1st E-Boat Flotilla has been informed that one 
of our U-boats is off the northern entrance to 
Tuapse and that the E-boats should not cross 
south of the latitude 44° 15' N, Anti-submarine 
activity is permitted north of 44° 15* N. 

1st Air Corps was asked to detail night fighters 
for the operation. The boats left at 1430* 

U-boat Situation : 

At 22 00 on 14 December, the U-boat base reported 
U 23 ready to sail, {Temporary hydrophones 
were installed without D/F gear,) 

U 9 was ordered to be off Theodosia at 06 00 on 
16 December to refuel. Both boats are to leave 
Tuapse on 17 December for joint operations in 
the south, U 23 left Constantsa' at 2200 
according to plan with the normal equipment. 
Boat proceeding via northern route, 

M ineswe eping Activity j 

Minesweeping was carried out off Tarkhankutzki 
by minesweeping. planes, while FZ-boats made a 
check for standard mines in the same area. 
No mine 3 were swept. 

Supply Traffic s 

At 1440 4 planes attacked the "Kassa", "Bachus" 
and "Ossag" convoy on passage from Constantza to 
Sevastopol, No damage. One plane was brought 
down. 

Convoy traffic was resumed in the western Black 
Sea and off the south coast of the Crimea when 
the weather improved. Nothing to report. 



UoAi 1 J-iv.i i : J. J.J 1.1 i 



SECUrJTY INFORMATION -64- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



15_ Deo em b ar, 1945 



Simferopol 



Enemy Situation : 

No enemy vessels were sighted by night 
reconnaissance off the Caucasus coast or in 
Crimean inshore waters. Daylight reconn- 
aissance was flown over the central and eastern 
Black Sea and over the southern part of the Sea 
of Azov, No enemy vessels were sighted* 

At 0853 an enemy reconnaissance plane, on which 
a bearing of 174° was taken by Main Naval d/F 
Station., located the "Kassa", "Ossag" and "Bachus" 
convoy which was proceeding from Constantza to 
Sevastopol, and transmitted its position to 
ground bases and to torpedo planes which had 
already taken off* 

Main Naval p/p S ta ti o_ n_ Rep or t s : 

Two M.T.B,s were intercepted off the southern 
part of the east coast, as well as another M.T.B. 
and several unidentified small vessels in unknown 
positions. In the evening no activity of large 
surface forces was intercepted, with the 
exception of 2 minesweepers in the eastern and 
an M.T.B, in the northeastern Black Sea. 

Submarines detected: 2 In the northwestern 
Black Sea. Another submarine was located in an 
area approximately 55 miles west to southwest of 
Sevastopol. Three further submarines are 
thought to be in the operational area. 

Own Situation: 



We a ther forecast: 



NW - N winds, force 4-5, temporarily 6, mainly 
overcast, snow and rain showers, visibility 4-6 
miles, sea 3 - 4, 

Crimea ...and i Kerch_ Stra i t : 

a. Nothing was sighted by the naval ferry barges 
In patrol line in Kerch Strait during the 
night of 14/15 December with the exception of 
lively searchlight activity from Kolonka and 
Tuszla, The naval ferry barges which ran 
aground at the northern point of Kossa Tuszla 
were fired on by Russian artillery, 

A heavy explosion occurred with a bright 
darting flame and subsequent clouds of smoke* 



CONFIDENT IAL 

SECURITY "EtEqHMATION -65- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



k * li&JP-A Situation • 

Morning: Nothing to report. 

Evening: Lively exchanges of gunfire along 
the main defense line, mainly concentrated on 
the Perekop front. Lively ferry traffic in 
the Sivash. Only slight exchanges of gun- 
fire at the Baksy beachhead. 

c. For report of ammunition used by the naval 
formations participating in the battle for 
the Eltigen beachhead during the period 
29 October to 7 December 1943, see Appendix. 

No operations were planned in Kerch Strait for 
the night of 15/16 December, •. but Commander, 1st 
Landing Craft Flotilla received orders to have 
3 naval ferry barges at 1 hour's readiness in 
Kamish Bur un from 1700 to 0300, Orders as for 
the night of 13/14 December. 

Western -Black Sea ; 

According to a Rumanian report., the island of 
Fidonisi was shelled at 0430 by 2 unidentified 
planes. No further details are known* 
Nothing was sighted in the Black Sea by air 
reconnaissance on 14 and 15 December. Radio 
monitoring did not detect any large vessels at 
sea. Reconnaissance Commander, West ordered 
reconnaissance of the Constantsa— Sevastopol area. 

The strong enemy air activity over the north- 
western Black Sea forces us to send the towed 
convoys out between Odessa and Sevastopol only 
during darkness. Convoys will therefore put in 
to Ak Mechot during the day as an intermediate 
port. As Ak Mechet is frequently used as a port 
of refuge during the winter months-, an increasing 
number of boats must be reckoned with in the bay. 
The bay offers no natural protection to ships at 
anchor against torpedo attacks from submarines 
to seaward. It is therefore necessary to 
protect these anchorages in the bay with anti- 
torpedo nets. 

Net Barrage Flotilla, Black Sea received the 
following orders s 

1. To lay a not barrage in the bay of Ak Mechet 
as soon as possible. The nets intended for 
Eupatoria should be used for this purpose, 

( Report to Sevastopol when ready to load. A 
' naval ferry barge will bo provided for 
transportation. 

2. After completion of the task at Ak Mechet, a 
net barrage should be laid at Eupatoria. 



SECURITY INFORMATION -66- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



At 2010 on 14 December, harbor defense boat 
RS 05 sank in heavy seas 20 miles northwest of 
Ak Meehet. One man is missing. 

Submarine chasers Nos . 101 and 102 carried out 
anti-submarine operations in Eupatoria Bay. 
At 0156 a heavy explosion occurred as a depth 
charge was dropped by submarine chaser No. 102. 
There was a steady, bright blaze of oil on the 
surface of the water and the submarine chaser 
disappeared. Submarine chaser No. 101 was at 
the place where the explosion occurred at 0555 
and reported a great deal of wreckage there. 
The cause of the loss of the submarine chaser 
is not known. 

The accident might possibly have been caused by; 

a. Explosion of the ammunition cargo and fire in 
the gasoline cargo in the wreck "Santa Fe", 

on which the depth charge might by chance have 
dropped. A burning patch of oil lasting 3 
hours refutes this conclusion, as "Santa Fe" 
had only a part-cargo of gasoline in drums on 
board, which would not have caused a fire 
lasting as long as this. 

b, A hit on an onemj submarine, causing ammunition 
and torpedoes on board the submarine to explode » 
The drifting oil might have caught fire 
through the explosion. 

In both cases, submarine chaser No, 102 would 
have sprung a leak and sunk at once as a result 
of the heavy explosion at such short range. No 
survivors were picked up. The burning oil could 
not have come from her as she had no oil on 
board. Therefore it Is not likely that a torpedo 
or mine was the cause. 

Commander, Convoys and Escorts, Black Sea 
received orders to place submarine chaser No. 106 
at the disposal of Admiral, Black Sea for anti- 
submarine duty off Tarkhankutzki until 22 December 
to compensate for the total loss of submarine 
chaser No, 102, 



>IZ, • 



Submarine chaser No. 105 is out of action for the 
time being and No, 101 is the only submarine 
chaser at 'present operational. 

The Crimea group of 3rd Motor Minesweeper 
Flotilla reported a suspected submarine 12 miles 
north of Sevastopol at 0920. A depth charge 
attack was made with no visible success. They 
were ordered to keep in contact with the sub- 
marine until submarine chafer No, 101 arrived to 
take over. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

^BCUmf~IP?TORMATI0n -67- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



At 1630 submarine chaser No. 101 reported that 
her search gear and revolving directional hydro- 
phones' were out of action. She was ordered to 
attempt to repair the location gear on board and 
then, when submarine chaser No, 106 -arrived, to 
proceed With her on anti-submarine patrol in the 
prescribed area. 

Last night's operation by 1st E-Boat Flotilla 
against enemy shipping off the Caucasus coast 
had the following results: 

a. The first group sighted nothing off the coast 
near Idokopas between 1945 and 2230. It was 
a bright night. Return passage was started 
at 2230, as the center engine of one of the 
boats broke down. The boats arrived at Ivan 
Baba at 0430. 

b. The second group was in lurking position off 
Capo Utrich from 1830 to 0300. No traffic 
was sighted. The grouD out In to Ivan Baba 
at 0545. 

H~ k oa -^ 3 i5 u I l ^ ^ ££ * 

U 23 outward bound according to plan via the 
northern route. U 9 reported estimated time of 
arrival at Thoodosia to take on fuel as 0600 on 
16 December, The coast and the authorities 
concerned were informed. 

Mine sweeping Activity : 

The Crimea group of 3rd Motor Minesweeper 
Flotilla was engaged on mineswoeping operations 
in Eupatoria Bay from 0900 to 16 00. No mines 
were swept. 

Convoys in the western Black Sea and off the 
west coast of the Crimea ran as scheduled 
without incident. 



(Signed) Brinkmann. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECUIil l~f L Wii ATI0N -63- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



APPENDIX I 



Ammunition used by naval forces participating 
in the battle for the Eltigen beachhead in the period 
29 October to 7 December, 1943: 

a. 3r d Mot or _M,ine g we eper Flo 1 1 11a ; 

13,000 rounds 5.7 cm. ammunition 
34,000 rounds 2.0 cm. ammunition 
15,200 rounds 7.9 cm. ammunition 

140 rounds 8.6 cm. ammunition rocket 

shells (wire -filled) 
123 rounds 8,6 cm. ammunition rocket 
high-explosive shells 
64 rounds 8.6 cm. ammunition rocket 
stars he lis, 

b# J 3 93. J- 3 ^ ^ JL s - k ai 2^ S.Pd Landing Craft Fl otillas ; 

5,500 rounds 7.5 cm, ammunition 
105,000 rounds 2.0 cm. ammunition. 

c » .Wsiva-1 Gunnery Detachment 613: 

1st Battery 



2nd Battery: 
3rd Battery: 
4th Battery: 

7th Battery: 
9th Battery: 
10th Battery: 
d. Total: 



1,6 00 rounds 15 cm. ammunition 
3,680 rounds 2 cm. ammunition. 

2,000 rounds 17 cm. ammunition 
14,800 rounds 2 cm. ammunition, 

2,400 rounds 15 cm. ammunition 
20,6 00 rounds 2 cm. ammunition. 

2,470 rounds 7.62 cm. ammunition 

4,450 rounds 2,0 cm, ammunition, 

1,075 rounds 7.62 cm. ammunition 

40,520 rounds 2.0 cm. ammunition, 

1,650 rounds 12.2 cm, ammunition 
3,260 rounds 2.0 cm. ammunition, 

278 rounds 7.62 cm. ammunition 

6,200 rounds 2.0 cm. ammunition. 



Medium guns 

Light guns 

Medium anti-aircraft guns 

Light anti-aircraft gun: 



6,000 rounds 

8,973 rounds 

13,000 rounds 

157,000 rounds 



Small arms (approximately) 150,000 rounds. 



CCN FI INITIAL 
SECURITY INFORMATION 



-69- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



16 December, 1945 



S imferopol 

En emy Situation: 



Nothing to report from night reconnaissance over 
the northeastern Black Sea. 

Increased daylight reconnaissance over the 
central part of the western Black Sea. No 
enemy forces sighted. Reconnaissance was also 
flown over the central and eastern Black Sea but 
again no enemy ships wore sighted. 

Two small coastal vessels were detected off 
Gholenjik, course southeast. 

One Turkish freighter of 5,000 tons was detected 
close to the Turkish coast off Bafra Burnu, 
c our so no rthwe s t . 

Main Na val p/p S tation Repo rts : 

In the afternoon 1 motor gunboat and 1 M.T.B* 
were detected in the east coast area. Only 
slight activity of small vessels off the oast 
coast In the evening and at night. During the 
evening, 5 minesweepers and 1 M.T.B. were 
detected off the southern part of the east coast 
and 1 M.T.B. off the northern part. 

No bearings could bo taken on submarines because 
of dummy radio procedure. There are 4 sub- 
marines for certain, and probably 2 more, in the 
northwestern Black Sea. The submarine which 
was attacked and possibly destroyed by submarine 
chaser No. 102 on the morning of 15 December vra.s 
probably "0" or "P", but "E", »F" and »TJ" are 
further possibilities, 

A reconnaissance plane detected by the radio 
intercept service over the Ak Mechet area at 
0850 reported 1 tanker, 1 transport, 2 patrol 
vessels and 2 Me 109. The plane probably 
observed naval, transports Nos . 101 and 106 and 
the two FZ-boats which are on ant I -submarine 
op orations ' In this area. 

Own Situation: 



Weather forecast: 



W - WW winds, force 4 - 5, mainly overcast, light 
showers, visibility 6-8 miles, sea 2-5. 



C ':KFIDEi."TiAL 

'dfm^LTl INF03HA.TI0N -70- 



CM FIDENTIAL 



9. riraoa and Kerch _SJ:rvgjit : 

a. On 15 December, Kamish Burun was shelled 
several times. Minor splinter damage to 
naval ferry barges. 

Lively enemy ferry traffic from Chushka to 
Yonikale * 

b. In the forenoon, 7th Battery, Naval Gunnery 
Detachment 615 sank an enemy M.T.B. which 
was attempting to penetrate to Kamish Burun 
harbor. During an air raid on the port of 
Kamish Burun and 7th Battery, this battery 
shot down one IL 2 plane. 

c . Land S ituati on i 

Morning: On the northern front enemy forces 
made repeated attacks near Hill 17,6 north of 
Tarkhan, but were repulsed in hard hand-to- 
hand fighting. The main defense line is 
still In our hands. 

Nothing to report from the Baksy beachhead. 

Evening; Enemy harassing fire increasing 
northeast of Kerch. Ground attack planes 
raided Kamish Burun. 

All quiet on the northern front. During the 
night of 15/16 December, the bridge across 
the Sivash was damaged by bombs In 2 places. 
The enemy Is working on repairs. 

d. In reply to an inquiry from 4th Air Force 
concerning proposals for cutting off supplies 
to the Baksy bridgehead, Admiral, Black Sea 
reported that most of this supply traffic 
proceeded via Kossa Chushka. Only the Air 
Force could interfere, as it is Impossible 

for our naval forces to operate in the northern 
part of 'Kerch Strait, which is only 4,000 - 
5,000 motors wide and Is strongly defended by 
gun batteries on both sides. Moreover, the 
traffic Is not within range of our shore 
batteries , 

The following proposal was made to 4th Air Force 
with a view to disrupting the supply traffic i 

a. Mlnclaying by planes in the northern part of 
Kerch Strait. Attention is drawn to the 
detailed proposals already submitted in ASM 
Gkdos. 7409 A I on 10 November, 1943.- 

b. Enemy loading places at Kossa Chushka, Taman 
and Senaya and ships lying at those places 



Gi.::FIDEl:TIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -71- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



and at sea should be bombed and machine -gunned 
continuously. On Kossa Chushka, e.g. near 
Ilich, large new landing stages have been 
constructed, and coastal vessels of up to 700 
tons have been detected alongside them* 

Operations for the night of 16/17 December: 

1st Landing Craft Flotilla was ordered to send 3 
naval ferry barges from Kamish Burun to patrol In 
Kerch Strait between Chongolek and Kamish Burun 
from 1700 to 2400 today*' Operational orders as 
for previous night. 

W est er n Black Se a ; 

Investigations concerning the bombardment of the 
island of Fidonisi revealed that It 'was not 
shelled from the sea but that the island forces 
opened fire on 2 unidentified boats which 
'appeared out of the fog at a range of about 500 
motors. They wore probably enemy submarines. 

At 0245 2 naval "ferry barges carrying parts of a 
railroad gun from Sevastopol to Odessa, put in to 
Ak Mechet because of the weather. 

On entering the harbor, naval ferry barge F 579 
touched bottom and sprang a leak forward. Sho 
was only able to proceed with the help of a tug. 

Submarine chasers Nos. 101 and 106 were on anti- 
submarine patrol in Eupatoria Bay* No results. 
No. 101 reported that her coal stocks would be 
exhausted by 2400 on 17 December. 

In view of the need for continuous, intensified 
anti-submarine patrols In the Tarkhankutzki area, 
Commander, Convoys and Escorts, Black Sea was 
ordered to detach at least 3 and, If possible, 4 
boats from 3rd or 23rd Submarine . Chaser Flotilla 
to form a submarine chaser force to be trans- 
ferred to Sevastopol, This force, like tho 
force already formed from 1st Submarine Chaser 
Flotilla (naval transports), will bo directly 
under tho command of Admiral, Black Sea for 
operations * 

At 1600 the damaged naval ferry barges F 137, 
F 333 and F 447 sailed from Thcodosia via Yalta 
.to Sevastopol for repairs. 

U-boat Situation s 

At 0630 TJ 9 entered Thcodosia to refuel. 
Summary of her report: No traffic in the opera- 
tional area south of Tuapse, where only 1 motor 
gunboat and a periscope were sighted in 14 days. 



JOKFlDliSTIAL 

~EC'fJRIlI INRHMkTXON -72- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Air patrol was slight, • 

At 1700 U 9 sailed again as scheduled for a brief 
operation of about 6 days. The duration of the 
operation is restricted because U 9 is using up 
a large quantity of lubricating oil as a result 
of defects in the Diesel engine. 

Changes in operations i For the past 3 weeks no 
supply traffic has been detected in the area 
between Pitsunda and Tuapse by U-boats, air 
reconnaissance or Main Naval d/F Station* The 
weather has certainly been bad and shipping has 
probably been stopped for the time being. The 
slight enemy air reconnaissance . indicates that the 
Russians have little interest in this area at 
present., Therefore from 17 December, U 9 and 
U 23 will proceed southeast to new attack areas 
off Poti and Batum to intercept possible local 
traffic and convoys when they start up again. 

Mi n o swe e p 1 njg Activity ; 

FZ -boats operated in the Tarkhankutzki area. 
No mines swept. 

Five motor minesweepers of ord Motor Mine swoe per 
Flotilla began sweeping the southwestern minefield 
gap. In 3 sweeps, no mines were found. 

No mine sweeping planes operated because of the 
weather. 

Supply Traffic i 

Convoys in the northwestern Black Sea and off the 
west and south coasts of the Crimea ran as 
scheduled without enemy interference. 

From 1 - 15 December, Crimea convoys carried 
18,412 tons of supplies. That is approximately 
6,600 tons less than was requested by Army Group A 
for this period. Failure to reach the target 
figure can be ascribed to the following factors; 

1. Insufficient stream of supplies for loading, 
so that the tonnage made available could not 
be used to the full. 



Q 



The unusually bad weather which caused serious 
delays. 



COKJIDBTTIAL 

SECURITY INFOlfrftTION -73- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



17 December, 1943 



Si mferop ol 

.Enemy Situation: 



Last night reconnaissance had to be abandoned 
early because of icing up. No enemy ships were 
sighted, . No enemy shipping was observed in the 
course of "daylight reconnaissance over the entire 
Black Sea, There was no reconnaissance over the 
Caucasus coast because of the weather. 

In the Sea of Azov, reconnaissance was made of 
the ports of Skadovsk and Genichesk, There 
appeared to be 3 boats in Skadovsk and there were 
15 boats in Genichesk, 

Main Naval D/P Station, Eupatoria reported slight 
activity of small vessels generally. 

At noon 1 destroyer sailed from the northern part 
of the east coast, presumably heading southeast. 
One minesweeper and 1 M.T.B. were detected off 
the southern part. 

In the submarine operational area, no bearings 
could be taken because enemy radio traffic was 
carried on only under collective calls igns in 
dummy procedure. Individual calls were avoided. 
Six submarines are thought to bo in the opera- 
tional area. 

Own Situation: 



Weather forecast: 



NE winds, force 4, squally up to force 6, cloudy, 
snow showers, visibility 15 miles, sea 3 - 4, 
Towards evening N - NW winds, force 4 - 3, at 
night NW, force 4, increasing cloud, visibility 
10 miles, sea 3-2. 

a. Last night the naval ferry barges in 

reconnaissance line In Kerch Strait between 
Chongelck and Kamish Burun sighted nothing 
from 1700 to 2400, 

k • Land Situation : 

Morning: Two enemy attacks in the strength of 
1 or 2 companies wore repulsed on the SIvash 
front. 

Nothing to report from the Baksy boachhead. 



CONFIDENTI AL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -74- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Evening: In the infiltration at Perekop, an 
enemy assault detachment was repulsed in 
close combat, 

The bridge across the Sivash near Russki was 
damaged in two places by bombing. 

Lively shelling at the Baksy beachhead. 

In the coming night there will be no naval ferry 
barge operations in Kerch Strait. 

1st Landing Craft Flotilla was ordered to keep 3 
naval ferry barges at 1 hour's readiness in 
Kamish Burun from 1600 to 0400. 

Western" Black Sea t 

Nothing to report from the Kherson area except 
lively machine-gunning and rifle and artillery 
fire.' 

This morning tug "Kreuzenstein" ran aground west 
of Klmburn point. After refloating herself, she 
anchored about 2 - 5 miles south of Ochakov, 
where she was shelled from Kimburn, The enemy 
battery en Klmburn was later silenced by one of 
our own batteries. 

Arrangements have been made to tow the tug to 
Ochakov during the night of 17/13 December, 
The rudder is probably damaged. 

The boat which sank on 14 December about 20 miles 
northwest of Ak Heche t was not harbor defense 
vessel PlS 05 but a captured Russian boat which 
was to bo allocated to 51st Escort Flotilla after 
repairs , 

Submarine chasers Nos. 101 and 102 obtained no 
locations while on patrol In Eupatoria Bay, 

At 0825 No. 101 was attacked by a plane in 
Eupatoria Bay, but the plane was driven off by 
the ship's anti-aircraft fire. Both vessels put 
in to Sevastopol at 1400 as thoir coal stocks 
wore exhausted. Depth charges were dropped on 
the submarine which was. detected in air grid 
square 3516 at 0030 on 16 December. No results 
wore observed. 

South Coast Crimea : 

At 0150 naval ferry barges F 137, F 353 and F 447, 
which were damaged in the Kerch operations, put 
in to Yalta with tug "Kehl" and 1 water lighter 
on passage from Theodosia, They will take in 
cargo and proceed to Sevastopol for repairs. 



CONFIDENTIAL ■ 

SECURITY IKFOiui-fiTION -75- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



E-boat operations were not possible owing to the 
weather. 

U-b oat -Situati on : 

U -9 and U 23, which are In the operational area, 
were today ordered to carry out an offensive 
patrol to the southeast. The operation will 
start at 2000. 

Mine swee pi ng Ac t i v j. ty : • 

Because of the weather, sweeping of the south- 
western minefield gap at Sevastopol had to be 
abandoned by motor minesweepers of the Crimea 
group. For the same reason, the FZ-boats broke 
off mine sweeping operations in the Tarkhankutzki 
area. No minesweeping planes operated over the 
Danube Delta. 

Supply Traffic s 

Convoys were seriously delayed by the weather. 
All sailings planned for today in the north- 
western Black Sea had to bo postponed for 24 
hours . 



CffiFIflEBTIAL 

SECURE TI Il-.;Fi )) J '.ATI ON -76- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



18 Decemb e r, 1945 



Simferopol 

En e my S 1 t ua t Ion 



It was not possible to fly any night reconnaissance 
because of the weather* 

No shipping was observed In the course of daylight 
reconnaissance over the entire Black Sea and the 
western Sea of Azov. In the southern Sea of 
Azov 10 boats were detected In Genichesk harbor. 
A radio intercept report stated that 2 M.T.B.s 
'and a motor minesweeper received the position of 
an unidentified vessel given as approximately 14 
miles southsouthwest of Poti. 

Main Naval p/F Station Reports : 

Slight activity of small vessels in the east coast 
area. One M.T.B. was detected off the northern 
part of the oast coast and 2 M.T.B.s and 1 motor 
gunboat off the southern part. 

Main Naval D/P Station obtained no bearings on 
submarines. Four submarines are assumed to be in 
the operational area and 2 are returning to base. 

Own Situations 



Weather forecast 



Variable winds, mainly N, force 5-4, cloudy to 
overcast, visibility 10 - 15 miles, sea 



4 ~ 3 



o# 



Crimea and Kerch Strait: 



a. The enemy battery a't Cape Panaghia (dairy farm) 
shelled 1st Battery, Naval Gunnery Detachment 
613. 9th Battery returned the fire and 
silenced the enemy guns. Smoke was seen to 
come from the battery. 

On 17 December the Crtinland Detachment was 
transferred to the southern sector, while 4th 
Battery, Army Coastal Artillery 774 was 
returned to the Gr8nla:nd Detachment from the 
area of Naval Gunnery Detachment 615. 

b# ■^l^--. s A 1:il - a _ 1: r -'-pn : 

Morning: Only patrol activity. Our . artillery 
destroyed ten of the 36 rocket throwers in 
operation northwest of Perekop. Numerous 
explosions were observed. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

security f ;<\;:v;ation -77- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Evening: 'Nothing to report, 

c. 17th Army 11,0,. reported that a request had 
been submitted to Army Group A for reinforce- 
ments In the form of a combined operations 
company and a large assault boat company to 
be employed In the defense of Kerch Strait, 
This would make it possible for the patrol 
forces and naval ferry barges under Admiral, 
Black Sea to be employed mainly for the 
protection of convoy routes in the western 
Black Sea, and also as transports. 

Army H,Q,. thinks that naval forces will no longer 
be required to defend the coast, but that it will 
be necessary to have floating outposts to defend 
the east coast of Kerch and the deep shore flanks 
of Kerch Peninsula, They believe this measure 
to be necessary if wo are to secure an efficient 
warning system and a speedy concentration of 
reserve troops on the coast, which Is only 
occupied by small forces. The opinion of Admiral, 
Black Sea on this proposal Is as follows t 

Admiral, Black Sea welcomes Army H*Q,,»s plan to 
use combined operations boats in the defense of 
Kerch Strait with the object of releasing the 
light naval forces operating there for urgent 
tasks elsewhere. The boats -will only be able to 
operate in the bays of Kerch and Kamish Burun, 
because weather conditions and minefields in the 
southern part of Kerch Strait would make It 
Impossible for the boats to remain there 
permanently. The same applies to tho coastal 
waters south of Kerch Peninsula, (Off the north 
coast, stationary patrols would be Impossible In 
any case because of weather conditions and lack 
of bases.) These duties will have to be the 
responsibility of tho Navy, and our own strength, 
the enemy situation and weather conditions will 
be the determining factors in such operations, 
The small number of vessels available will not 
allow us to establish permanent positions off the 
coasts in question. Coastal defense forces must 
have efficient communications with tho look-out 
system and bo fully informed of radar reports and 
the results of air reconnaissance, so that it will 
not bo possible for the enemy to make a surprise 
landing anywhere. 

Operations for the night of 18/19 December ; 

1st Landing Craft Flotilla was ordered to send 3 
naval ferry barges from Kamish Burun to a 
reconnaissance lino In Kerch Strait between 
Chongelek and Kamish Burun from 1700 to 2400 this 
evening. 



COiMFIDENTIA 



SECURITY INFORMATION -78- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Western Black Sea : 

Submarine chaser No, 3.18 ran aground near Crura 
Oohakov. Attempts will be made to refloat her 
after the weather Improves. 

In reply to an inquiry sent on 14 December, Army 
Group A reported that they do not Intend to re- 
occupy Kimburn Peninsula and that shore batteries 
are the only means of protecting shipping In the 
Dnieper estuary* Arrangements are being made 
to send reinforcements. Naval Group South has 
been i nf orm e d • 

An agreement has been reached with the Army that 
the responsibility for protecting the Dnieper 
estuary, which can bo considered as a river, 
will be assumed by Combined Operations pLOgiment 
770. Patrol vessels of bhe regiment will cruise 
along the northern side of this estuary and the 
Bug estuary at night and during poor visibility 
on the alert for enemy landing attempts. 

Independent of those combined operations boat 
patrols, ships of Naval Port Commander, Ochakov 
will be in the Dnieper estuary on tho look-out 
for minclaylng planes. 

Tug "Kreuzcnstoin" which ran aground west of 
Kimburn point on 17 December was towed In to 
Ochakov by harbor defense vessel PiO 15, 

Five tugs virhich are to tow a dock put In to 
Nikolaicv from Odessa, This towod convoy, with 
tho G, 000-ton dock and a 2, 000-ton dock inside 
it, is due to sail from Nikolalov for Odessa at 
0700 on 19 December, 

At 183 E-boat S 51 sailed from Ivan Baba for an 
engine overhaul In Cons tan tza. 

U-boat^ Situation : 

Nothing to report, 

Enom^ A Ir A crb i vity : 

Kherson was raided on tho evening of 17 December, 
High explosives and Incendiaries were dropped. 
No damage to naval property. 

Mine swoopin g Activity; 

Four boats of 3rd Motor Minesweeper Flotilla 
continued sweeping the southwestern minefield 
gap at Sevastopol, In 2 checks, no mines wore 
swept. The operation was abandoned at 1230 
because of tho weather. 



confidential 

security information -79- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Supply Traffic : 

Steamers and towed convoys in the western and 
northwestern Black Sea and off the south coast 
of the Crimea, which had put in to port because 
of the weather, put to sea again. No enemy 
interference ■ 



CONFIDENTIAL 



CCURITY INFORMATION -30- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



19 December, 1943 



Siniferopiol 

Enemy 3 I t ua t i o n ; 



i- 



Night reconnaissance over the northwestern Black 
Sea sighted nothing apart from our own convoys. 

During the day, 11 planes carried out reconn- 
aissance over the entire Black Sea in varying 
visibility without detecting any enemy shipping. 

Main Naval D/f Stat ion Report s i 

At noon Main Naval D/F Station reported 2 M.T.B.s 
and 2 motor gunboats off the southern part of 
the east coast. 

The situation in the evening showed no substantial 
change compared with noon. Main Naval D/F 
Station detected normal activity of small vessels 
off the east coast. Two minesweepers, 1 M.T.B. 
and 1 motor gunboat were intercepted off the 
southern part of the oast coast. One gunboat or 
motorboat was detected in the Akhtari area. 

Compared with past days there is no change in the 
submarine situation. Four submarines are 
believed to be still in the operational area. 
Two submarines wore detected on return passage 
about 6 miles off Sukhum. 

An agent's report on 15 December stated that 7 
gunboats, 14 landing craft and 8 tugs carrying 
troops, tanks and guns are on passage from 
Primorsko Akhtari to Taman Peninsula to reinforce 
the troops in the northern Kerch sector. 

Own Situation; 



Weather forecast: 



West coast Crimea; N winds, force 4-3, mainly 
overcast, visibility 8-10 miles, sea 2-3. 

Yalta - Keren, s N - NW winds, force 4-5, 
squally, cloudy,, visibility 12 miles, sea 5 - 4. 

During the evening NE winds, force 7-8 off the 
entire south and cast coasts of tho Crimea. 

Crimea and Ke^cJl,^trai_t i 

a. Three naval ferry barges In reconnaissance lino 
in Kerch Strait between Chongolek and Kamish 
Burun sighted nothing*' 



DSCUPtlTY INFORMATION -81- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



k • Land Situation : 

Morning: In the northern part of Kerch 
several assault detachments were repulsed. 

Three more rocket throwers were destroyed by 
our artillery near Perekop. Dive-bombers 
again scored hits on the Russki darn and bombed 
artillery and rocket thrower emplacements in 
the Perekop area. 

Evening: Enemy artillery and mortar fire was 
slight on the northern front but had increased 
on the Baksy front. Our artillery shelled 
enemy movements and digging-in operations near 
perekop, ■ 

Slight German and enemy air activity* 

No operations in Kerch Strait for the coming 
night. Three naval ferry barges in Kamish Burun 
will be at 1 hour's readiness from 1700 until 
0300. 

yfet s ALgj[k--^ a c ^ -A e ^- ■ 

At 0745 E-b'oat S 51 put in to Constantza for an 
engine overhaul. 

Up to now, attempts to refloat submarine chaser 
No, 316 which ran aground near G-ura Ochakov have 
been unsuccessful. It will not be possible to 
continue the attempts until the weather has 
improved. 

At 0700 the NIkolaiev-Odessa dock convoy sailed 
from NIkolaiev according to plan. 

In the Kherson area there was lively artillery 
and mortar fire and slight machine -gunfire and 
rifle fire. 

The enemy now seems to be aware of the concen- 
trated anti-submarine activity which has been 
going on . for some time, as enemy submarines in 
the western Black Sea have been maintaining radio 
silence for some days. This will make it very 
difficult to plan anti-submarine . patrols In 
future, as these wore based on bearings obtained 
by Main Naval D/F Station. 

Nevertheless I shall continue to send all 
available submarine chasers to the Tarkhankutzki 
area. Enemy submarines will be concentrated in 
this area, whore there is a bottleneck in traffic 
to and from Sevastopol, even if the enemy 
realizes that our defense forces are also concen- 
trated there. We must avoid scattering our few 
submarine chasers, even if this means temporarily 
neglecting les.s Important areas. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -32- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Commander, 1st Submarine Chaser Flotilla was 
given the following orders: 

a. At 1700 on 19 December, submarine chasers 
Nos. 105 and 106 will sail from Sevastopol to 
carry out anti-submarine operations in air 
grid" squares 2630, 2650 and 2670. If an 
enemy submarine is detected by Main Naval D/F 
Station or sighted by air reconnaissance in 
the adjacent large grid squares, the submarine 
chasers will search for the submarine reported, 
provided that they are not already in pursuit 
of a submarine which they themselves have 
detected. Submarines must be stubbornly 
attacked. A radio report should be trans- 
mitted when a submarine is detected or attacked. 

b. The boats will sail via route Green as far as 
SN 3, then proceed in lino abreast into the 
above-mentioned patrol area, 

c. The boats will not return to port until they 
receive orders from Admiral, Black Sea, 

d. The senior commander will be in command of the 
force. His boat should be reported. 

At 1915 the boats sailed from Sevastopol. 

Tug "Habicht" sank while shifting berth in the 
south bay at Sevastopol, Salvage work is in 
progress , 

TJ-b^a t Sit ua t ion ; 

U-boats in the Poti operational area (IT 9 and 
U 23) sighted nothing. 

Enemy A ir Activity : 

At 0900 6 planes attacked the Odessa-Ak Mochet 
towed convoy with torpedoes while it was entering 
Ak Mechet, Three torpedoes were launched and 
the vessels were also machine -gunned. The convoy 
took evasive action and no damage was caused, 

Mineswgeping Activity : 

Because of the weather (NE winds, force 6), 3rd 
Motor Minesweeper Flotilla had to abandon 
sweeping the southwestern minefield gap at 
Sevastopol, 

FZ -boats swept the area off the approach channel 
to Sevastopol for standard mines. In 6 checks, 
no mines were swept. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -S3- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Because of the weather, neither the PZ-boats off 
Ak Mechet -nor the mine sweeping planes were able 
to operate • 

Most of the convoys planned for the western and 
northwestern Black Sea were unable to sail 
because of the weather* Nothing to report from 
convoys except the aerial torpedo attack on the 
Odessa-Ak Mechet towed convoy • 



CONFIDENT IAL 

SSCUEITY INFORMATION -84- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



2 December, 1943 



Simferopol 

E n e my 3 i 1; ua 1 1 o n ; 



No night reconnaissance because of the weather • 
No enemy ships were sighted in the course of 
daylight reconnaissance over the entire Black 
Sea. 

One freighter of 2,000 tons, course east, was 
detected off the Turkish coast about 20 miles 
southeast of Sinope, and 1 passenger ship of 
5,000 tons, course west, about 8 miles off Bafra 
Burnu • 

A radio intercept report stated that 1 destroyer 
and 1 minesweeper received the position of a 
vessel off Batum. The position and the time of 
sighting - 41° 31' N, 41° 21' E, 1525 - were 
transmitted to all naval forces, (This position 
is about 10.5 miles southwest of Batum.) 

Main Naval d/f ..St a .t i on. m Ji c ]py V.^ • 

Two M.T.B.s were detected off the northern part 
of the cast coast and another minesweeper off the 
southern part. 

The minesweeper and the destroyer detected in the 
southeastern Black Sea wore presumably proceeding 
to Novorossisk, 

Submarines detected: 1 in the northwestern Black 
Sea and 3 more thought to be in the operational 
area. One submarine was detected between the 
eastern and central Black Sea. 

Naval Shore Commander, Crimea reported that at 
1355 a submarine was sighted submerging off Yalta, 
course west. Distance from the shore 500 meters. 
Convoys sailing off the Crimean coast have been 
warned. 



Own Situ ; it ion i 
Weather forecast;: 



Western Black Sea; NE winds, force 4, towards 
evening 'Veering to E or 3E, force 3-2, overcast, 
light showers, visibility 6-10 miles, sea 3-2. 

Cape Khersoneso - Kerch: NE winds, force 6 - 5, 
during the afternoon E winds, force 5 - 4, over- 
cast, light showers, visibility S - 10 miles, 
sea 5-4, 



COm'DEBTTIAL 

: KCURITY INFORMATION -85- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Crimea and Kerch Strait: 



a. There were no naval ferry barge operations in 
Kerch Strait last night. 

k • kanci^ S itua tion °. 

Morning: Two patrol detachments were driven 
back In the Sivash beachhead. A few enemy 
planes harassed our lines. Otherwise no 
Incidents. 

Evening: Lively enemy shelling at the Baksy 
beachhead. No Infantry action. 

On the northern front, an enemy attack by 2 
companies carried out under cover of a smoke 
screen west of Up shin was broken up by our 
count or -fire. 

To mislead the enemy as to the periodicity of 
our patrols in Kerch Strait, there will again be 
no operations during the coming night. The 
naval ferry barges in Kamish Burun will be at 
1 hour's readiness from 16 00 until 0400. 

Western Black S ea : 

Attempts to refloat submarine chaser No. 316 
which ran aground off C-ura Ochakov have been 
resumed and a tow lino has boon paid out to her. 

At 0400 the NIkolaiov-Odcssa dock convoy entered 
Odessa according to plan. 

At 1445 the tugs and escort vessels again sailed 
for Nikolaiev to transfer a 150-ton crane to 
Odessa during the night of 22/23 December • 

Submarine chasers Nos , 103 and 106 reported from 
the Tarkhankutzki area that no anti-submarine 
operations could be carried out in the existing 
weather, The boats have been ordered to 
continue operations if the weather improves. 

At 1245 2 planes launched an aerial torpedo 
attack on submarine chaser No. 105 about 6 miles 
southeast of Tarkhankutzki. Evasive action was 
taken. 

Sj3uth ^C oa s t JJr imea : 

E-boat operations still Impossible because of 
the weather* 

U-boat Situation : 

Nothing to report. 



CONFIDENT 1A1 

SECURITY*' IIW ) ; MITION -36- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Mi n eg y^)pl.ng A c tlvl ty i 

Five motor minesweepers of 3rd Motor Minesweeper 
Flotilla continued sweeping the southwestern 
minefield gap at Sevastopol, covering the area 
eight times without result. At 1200 the 
operation had to be abandoned because of the 
weather* 

Two minesweeping planes swept tho Tarkhankutzki 
area. Sixty strips were covered twice without 
result. 

Convoys off the south and west Crimean coasts 
and in the western and northwestern Black Sea 
proceeded without enemy interference. 

The following convoys are at seas 

a. 4 naval ferry barges and motor vessel "Anna"; 
Sevastopol - Ivan Baba. 

b. 3 naval ferry barges: Thcodosia - Yalta. 

c. Towed convoys; Ak Mechot - Sevastopol. 
Steamer convoys j Sevastopol - Constantza/ 
Sulina. 



CO! PIDEUTIAI 

SECURITY IHFOIiM&TEON -87- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



21 ^P^cember^ ^943 



Simferopol 

1 *!? ri 12-J^ ituati on : 



No night reconnaissance due to lack of planes. 
During the day 12 planes carried out reconn- 
aissance over the entire Black Sea without 
sighting any enemy ships, A freighter of 3,000 
tons was sighted off the Turkish coast about 28 
miles northeast of Samsun, course southeast, and 
another freighter of 4,000 tons about 10 miles 
northeast of Ayanzlk, course west. 

Main Naval d/f Station Reports ; 

At noon the only enemy ship In the southeastern 
Black Sea was a minesweeper. 

Very slight activity of small vessels off the 
east coast. Only 1 M.T.3. was detected at sea 
off the southern part of the east coast. 

After several days of radio silence by the 
submarines, It was again possible to obtain 
bearings by radio. However, no exact 
information on the position of the submarines 
could be obtained because the radiograms were 
brief and only single line bearings could be 
taken. Two submarines were detected in the 
northwe stern Black Sea., while a third was heard 
tuned for reception. Altogether 4-5 
submarines are assumed to be In the operational 
area • 

Own Situations 



Weather forecast: 



West coast Crimea; Variable winds, force 2 - 3, 
mainly overcast, light showers, visibility 6-10 
miles, sea 1-2, 

Yalta - Kerch; N winds, force 3 - 4, overcast, 
showers, visibility 8-10 miles, local fogbanks, 

Crimoa_ and Kerch Strait ; 

a. Last night there were no naval ferry barge 
operations in Kerch Strait. 

b. Naval Gunnery Detachment 613 reported that 
there was slight ferry traffic to the northern 
beachhead and close to the Taman. coast. 



SECURITY INFORMATION -88- 



C0HF3DEBTTIAL 



4th Battery shelled a large raft containing 
25 men off Kolonka, Three hits were scored. 
Six men swam to the shore, presumably the rest 
were wounded or killed. The raft was ablaze. 

Mornings On the evening of 20 December, an 
advanced position was lost in the course of an 
enemy company attack on the northern front, 
A counter-attack is in progress. Otherwise 
only German and enemy patrol activity with 
somewhat livelier enemy shelling. 

Evenings Nothing to report from either front. 

1st Landing Graft Flotilla and Naval Gunnery 
Detachment 613 were given the following orders 
for the night of 2l/22 Decembers 

1, At 2100 5 naval ferry barges will sail from 
Kamish Burun to a patrol lino between 
Chongelek and Kamish Burun, The naval ferry 
barges will stand on and off in close 
formation, speed 5 knots. 

2* Tasks To prevent enemy landings and to attack 
enemy forces. If enemy vessels are detected 
approaching, the coast is to be warned by a 
Most Immediate signal. 

5, Naval ferry barges will ro-onter Kamish Burun 
at 05 00. 



4 



If enemy batteries' shell the naval ferry 
barges, Naval Gunnery Detachment 613 will 
engage such batteries immediately. 



» 



The naval ferry barges sailed from Kamish Burun 
• ' as scheduled. 

I consider it necessary to send 3 boats of 1st 
Landing Craft Flotilla to reinforce the naval 
ferry barge base in Thoodosia so that a 
sufficient number of light naval forces will be 
available; immediately in the event of further 
enemy landing attempts in Kerch Strait. At the 
same, time these naval ferry barges will patrol 
the Theodos la -Kamish Burun route which captured 
Russian charts show to bo mined in a few places. 
They will bo equipped with oropesa gear. 

Commander, 1st Landing' Craft Flotilla was 
, accordingly given the following orders % 

1. 1st Landing Craft Flotilla will transfer naval 
ferry barges F 152, P 501 and F 355 from 
Sevastopol to Thoodosia for operations In 
Kerch Strait and off the south coast of Kerch 
Peninsula, 

p, -hit v,T-r;,-rrrr ,1 y 

SECURITY INFORMATION -39- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



2. The naval ferry barges will be equipped with 
oropesa gear and, if possible, 2 cm. quadruple 
mountings • 

3, The naval ferry barges can be used as supply 
transports on passage to Theodosia, 

4, Report probable sailing date and commanders. 

5. On arrival in Theodosia, the naval ferry 
barges will come directly under the command 
of Admiral, Black Sea for operations, 

We stern Black J3ea i 

After being refloated, submarine chaser No. 316 
which ran aground off Gura Ochakov put In to 
Sulina at 17 00 with two salvage vessels. At 
1330 tugs "Danzig" and "Wachau" sailed from 
Nikolaiev for Odessa to transfer the 150-ton 
floating dock. 

At 233 this operation had to be canceled because 
of a heavy fall of snow. 

From 1300 to 1330, our mortars in Ochakov shelled 
Kimburn point. Otherwise nothing to report. 

The port and city of Kherson were heavily 
bombarded by artillery and mortars. At 1235 
naval ferry barges F 139, F 170 and F 307, which 
are to be converted Into naval ferry barges 
(guns) in LInz, put In to Sulina from Sevastopol. 

Submarine chasers Nos. 103 and 106 arc on anti- 
submarine patrol In the Tarkhankutzki area. 
About 1200 submarine chaser No. 105 was attacked 
by a' submarine some 20 miles southeast of 
Tarkhankutzki, Two torpedoes were fired. The 
submarine was not observed before the attack. 
One torpedo passed under the submarine chaser's 
stern. After 8 depth charges had been dropped, 
a largo oil patch appeared. Both submarine 
chasers are In pursuit. 

It is thought that mines were laid from the air 
at 2000 about 4,000 meters northwest of Cape 
Constantin (Sevastopol). 

Commander, 30th Motor Minesweeper Flotilla was 
therefore ordered to dispatch FZ-boats to check 
the route from 2 miles north of Green 42 via 
Green 42 to the Inkerinann beacon. 

At 1100 fire broke out in lighter "Braila" in 
Sevastopol, It was caused by careless smoking. 
Immediate steps were taken to deal with the firo 
but 52 seriously wounded prisoners of war 



CONFIDENTIAL 
S 



^CCUEITT INFORMATION -90- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



perished In the flames and 38 were injured. 
The fire was finally pub out at 1530. No 
damage to the- lighter or the ammunition cargo. 

In reply to an inquiry from Commander, 1st 
Landing' Craft Flotilla concerning the degaussing 
of 2 naval ferry barges, orders were given to 
send naval ferry barges F 135 and P 446 to 
Constantza. F 135 together with F 476 on her 
return from Ivan Baba Is to be used as a naval 
transport. The naval ferry barges will return 
to Sevastopol immediately after degaussing. 

At 0610 motor vessel "Anna" sprang a leak forward 
after colliding with the wreck of "Baikal" off 
the entrance to Yalta. The damage Is being 
repaired by a diver. 

U-boat Situation : 

At 1500 U 9 commenced return passage to Constantza 
from the operational area off Poti. 

Mine swe ep ing Act i vi ty : 

From. 0615 to 1715, 4 boats of 3rd Motor Minesweeper 
Flotilla swept the southwestern minefield gap at 
Sevastopol. No mines. 

From 0600 to 1615, 4 FZ-boats carried out a check 
sweep for standard mines off Tarkhankutzki 
without result. 

Supply Traffic ; 

A. Apart from the mishap to motor vessel "Anna" 
in the Sevastopol-Yalta naval ferry barge 
convoy, there was nothing to report from 
convoys sailing off the Crimean coast. 

The following convoys reached their 
destinations safely; 

a. 4 naval ferry barges and motor vessel "Anna" 
put in to Yalta from Sevastopol. 

b. 3 naval ferry barges and tug "Kehl" (with 
tow) put in to Sevastopol from Yalta. 

c. 3 naval ferry barges put In to Sevastopol 
from The odes la to be repaired. 

d. 3 naval ferry barges carrying assault guns 
put in to Ak Mechet from Odessa, 

e. The towed convoy comprising "Junak", 
"Theben", "Kimburn", "LuWck", "Lobau" and 
tow put in to Sevastopol from Odessa. 



CCIvFIDgvTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -91- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



B. Crimea supplies: 

Because of recent delays in the loading and 
unloading of ships, the following memorandum 
has been sent to 17th Army H.Q. with copy to 
Group South: 

Prom 1-20 December, 20,700 tons of supplies 
were sent to the Crimea. ■ Hence, although 
there were no losses or delays caused by 
enemy action during this period, the actual 
amount of supplies sent fell short of the 
target figure of 30,000 tons by 9,300 tons. 

Next to the bad weather, which caused delays 
and even a total stoppage of convoys on 
several days, the main reason for this 
deficiency was the bad use made of the 
available tonnage. An extraordinarily long 
time was taken to load and unload ships, 
especially largo steamers. For instance, 
steamer "Ardeal", which entered Sevastopol on 
4 December, was not ready to sail again until 
19 December, Thus fifteen days were required 
for loading and unloading. The monthly turn 
round, on 'which the calculation for the target 
figure was based, cannot be achieved if a ship 
has to stay 15 days in Sevastopol, 

Army H,0 , was urgently requested to take the 
necessary measures to remedy this state of 
affairs and not to interfere with the 
organization of Admiral, Black Sea by giving 
direct orders concerning certain cargoes on 
certain vessels. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -92- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



22 Dec ember, 194-5 



Simferopol 

Enemy Situation 



No night reconnaissance. No enemy vessels 
were sighted in the course of daylight reconn- 
aissance over the entire Black Sea. 

Th© following vessels were sighted off the 
Turkish coast: 

One coastal vessel of 800 tons, course west, 
about 13 miles northeast of Inebolu, 1 freighter 
of 4,000 tons, course west, 5 miles northwest of 
Cide. One freighter of 5,000 tons, course east, 
was sighted about 20 miles northeast of Zonguldak 
and also 6 small coastal sailing; vessels, course 
we st, 

A radio intercept report stated that at 1005 a 
minesweeper received the position of an unknown 
vessel given as about 19 miles northnorthwest of 
Poti. 

Main Naval d/ f Station Reports : 

In the afternoon 3 Ivl.T.B.s, 1 motor gunboat and 
1 minesweeper were located between the central 
and southern Caucasus coasts, probably proceeding 
to the northwest. 

In the evening destroyer "G" was detected off the 
northern part of the 'east coast, probably in the 
Ghelenjik -Anapa area. Two more minesweepers 
are thought to be in the same area. 

Submarines detected : 4 in the northwestern 
Black Sea as far as the west coast. Submarine 
"Of" is assumed to be in the operational area. 
It may have been this submarine which was 
attacked by submarine chasers Nos . 103 and 106 « 

Own Situation j 



Woather forecast; 



4- 
■9 



West coast Crimea: SE - E winds, force 5 
overcast, light showers, visibility 6-10 miles, 
sea 2 - 5 . 

Yalta - Kerch: E winds, force 4-4 (sic), 
overcast, light showers, visibility 6 - 10 miles, 
sea 2 - 5, 



CONFIDENTIAL 



UTT INFORMATION -93- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



G(M<'Ijj}wn.rV 



Crimea and Kerch Strait : 

a. During the night of 21/22 December, 3 naval 
ferry barges In patrol line in Kerch Strait 
made no contact with the enemy. 

k • D a n d JSitua t i o n : 

Morning" All quiet during the night except 
for German and enemy patrol activity. 

Evening; On the northern front the enemy 
shelled our main defense line, particularly 
near Djinbuluk, The bridge over the SIvash 
north of Russki is now repaired. There was 
brisk enemy supply traffic. 

After heavy artillery fire, the enemy attack 
in the Baksy beachhead south 'of Hill 34.7 was 
repulsed. 

There will be no operations in Kerch Strait 
during the coming night. The naval ferry barges 
in Kamish Burun will be at 1 hour's readiness 
from 1700 until 0400. 

West : o r n B 1 a c k Sea; 

The transfer of the 150-ton crane from NIkolalev 
to Odessa was held up because of the ice block 
near Woloshki, Tug "Lobau" was sent out to 
break the ice. 

Naval Liaison Officer to Army Group A reported 
that plans are under way for evacuating the 
Kherson bridgehead, In the appended report 
(ASM Gkdos, Chefs 340/43), I refer to the 
unfavorable and perhaps decisive effect which the 
evacuation of this bridgehead on the left bank of 
the Dnieper would have on the restoration of land 
communications necessary for retaining our hold 
on -the Crimea, 

At 1215 submarine chasers Nos , 103 and 106 again 
detected a submarine at the same spot in the 
Tarkhankutzki area. All remaining depth charges 
wore dropped. Oil patches and air bubbles were 
seen to appear, but no wreckage. At 1245 
submarine chaser "Xanten" sailed from Ak Mechot 
t o g I v e assistance. 

As the weather has Improved, E-boats will again 
operate off the Caucasus coast, 

1st E-Boat Flotilla received the following orders- 

During the night of 22/23 December, 2 E-boats 
will operate between Cape Utrich and Oseraika 
valley, while 3 E-boats operate against enemy 



-94- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



shipping close to the Caucasus coast between 
Idokopas and Dzhubg, The decision to stay in 
lurking positions or to carry out an offensive 
patrol, depending on 'weather conditions and 
visibility, will be left to the group commanders. 
Torpedoes may be fired at any worthwhile target. 
At 1450 the boats will sail from Ivan Baba In 
close formation. The 2 boats will begin return 
passage at 0300 and the others at 0200. They 
will sail within range of the coast both outward 
and homeward bound. The boats are free to 
attack submarines- in the operational area on 
both outward and return passage. The flotilla 
has been informed that none of our own vessels 
is at sea east of Ivan Baba. 

1st Air Corps was ordered to send out night 
reconnaissance planes to cooperate with the 
E-boats off the Caucasus coast between Anapa and 
Tuapse from 1900 to 0300. 

At 1430 the E-boats put out from Ivan Baba for 
the operation. 

IJ-b oa t Sit ua t ion ; 

At 1345 U 24 entered Sulina from Galatz. 

At 0700, after completing her dockyard repairs, 
IT 19 sailed from Constantza on her 16th operation 
(7th Black Sea operation). Route; Constantza 
via the northern route to the operational area 
off Poti. 

Ml no s w e e pi ng A c t i v I ty i 

Five boats of 3rd Motor Minesweeper Flotilla 
carried out 12 sweeps in the southwestern mine- 
field gap at Sevastopol without result, 

FZ-boats made a check sweep for standard mines 
off Cape Tarkhankutzki and off Sevastopol (where 
minolaying was suspected), No mines were swept. 

Supp ly Traffi c : 

Convoys in the western Black Sea and off the 
Crimean -coast ran as scheduled without enemy 
interference. 



CONFIDENTIAL 



LETT INFORMATION -95- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



23 December, 1945 



Simferopol 

Enemy Situation: 



Daylight reconnaissance was flown over the 
central and eastern Black Sea, concentrating on 
the northeastern area. No enemy vessels were 
sighted. 

There was no night reconnaissance because of the 
weather. 

A radio intercept report stated that a submarine 
chaser had transmitted the position of a vessel 
about 8 miles northwest of Ochemchiri to a 
gunboat and an M.T.B, 

Main Na val d/f Station Reports : 

At noon only 1 minesweeper was detected off the 
central part of the east coast. In the evening, 
Main Naval d/F Station reported continuous 
activity of small vessels between the central 
and southern parts of the east coast. One 
minesweeper, 3 M.T.B.s, 2 gunboats, 1 patrol 
boat and 1 unidentified vessel virere detected at 
sea. Off the northern part of the east coast 

1 motor gunboat was detected and off the southern 
part destroyer n G,- ,! , probably sailing from Tuapse 
on a southeasterly course. 

Naval Shore Commander, Caucasus reported that at 
0900 a large destroyer, 1 torpedoboat or large 
gunboat and 4 small vessels were sighted about 

2 miles southwest of Zhelezni Bog. The ships 
were on a northwesterly course. When the fog 
lifted, the destroyer turned and made off to the 
southeast. The torpedoboat or gunboat stopped 
and the 4 small vessels continued on their 
course. Air reconnaissance flown immediately 
afterwards and 3 more times In the course of the 
day over the southern part of Kerch Strait and 
off the south coast of Taman Peninsula up to 15 
miles southeast of Zhelezni Rog detected nothing. 

It must therefore be assumed that the obser- 
vations from the shore were Inexact, or that the 
size of the ' ships was overestimated because of 
the weather. Presumably the boats put in to 

Taman • 

Submarines detected s 2 in the northwestern 
Black Sea including the waters off the west 
coast of the Crimea, Another submarine was 
deduced to be in the operational area, A 
submarine which was detected about 50 miles 



CDNI^IDENTJAT 

SECURITY INFORMATION -96- 



CONFIDENTIAL 

south of Sevastopol is presumably on return 
passage. A radio intercept report stated that 
the submarine which has been attacked several 
times since 21 December by submarine chaser 
No. 103 can be only submarine "0", which is now 
returning to port. Presumably she has been 
damaged. 

Own Situation : 

Weather forecast: 

E winds, farce 2-3, cloudy, visibility 10 miles 
after early morning mist, fogbanks towards dawn, 
sea 2. 

Crimea and Kerch Stjra^it: 

a. Last night the naval ferry barges in Kamish 
Burun were at 1 hour's readiness. Nothing 
to report, 

k • Land Situa tion : 

Morning: On both fronts only patrol activity 
with heavy artillery fire locally. 

Evening: Only slight artillery and mortar 
fire. Isolated enemy fighters over the rear 
of the. eastern front. On the northern front 
the observation of enemy positions was 
res trie tod by fog. 

During the coming night the naval ferry barges in 
Kamish Burun will be at 1 hour's readiness. 

Western Blac k Sea: 

We may expect Russian operations against our 
coasts and convoys on Christmas Day and New Year's 
Day because the enemy will assume that we shall 
relax our watchfulness and operational readiness 
on these days. 

Naval Shore Commanders, Commander, Convoys and 
Escorts, 1st E-Boat Flotilla, 3rd Motor Minesweeper 
Flotilla and 1st Landing Craft Flotilla were 
therefore given orders to be very much on the 
alert on those days. 

Tug "Wachau" and a lighter, which were towing a 
150-ton crane from ITikolaiev to Odessa, ran aground 
with the crane off the northern part of Kimburn 
point. The crane was hit 25 times by artillery. 
Because of the winds blowing against the shore and 
the heavy artillery fire, it is impossible to 
salvage the crane at the moment. 



CONFIDENTIAL 



INFORMATION -97- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Submarine chasers Nos • 2301, 2307 and 2308 (armed 
fishing vessels) j which were detailed to relieve 
submarine chasers Nos. 103, 106 and "Xanten", 
were informed of a radio intercept report stating 
that there are several enemy submarines in the 
Eupatoria-Tarkhankutzki area. The boats were 
also Informed that the submarine chasers to be 
relieved are at present attacking a submarine 
thought to be damaged in air grid square 2668 
(south of Tarkhankutzki ) • Systematic attacks 
have been made more difficult by the breakdown 
of the search gear. 

Submarine chaser No. 2301 was ordered to sail 
from Sevastopol at 1400 with Nos, 2307 and 2308 
and to proceed at maximum speed via route Green 
to air grid square 2668 to relieve submarine 
chasers Nos, 103 and 106 and "Xanten" which are 
pursuing the damaged submarine. 

When the submarine has been sunk, the submarine 
chasers "will carry out an anti-submarine patrol 
in air grid squares 2660, 2630 and 367 0, The 
boats will not return to port until they receive 
orders from Admiral, Black Sea, Senior officer 
will be the commander of vessel No, 2301, 

No, 105 was ordered to remain at the place of 
the attack until relieved and then return to 
Sevastopol with "Xanten" and No, 105, She 
reported that the sea was thickly covered with 
oil for three miles around. The wreck was 
located by "Xanten" and depth charges were again 
dropped. The submarine has now been submerged 
for 6 hours and is probably sunk, 

1st Landing Craft Flotilla reported that the 
sailing of the 3 naval ferry barges to be trans- 
ferred to Thoodosia had had to be postponed by 
one day because of the loading of the barges. 
The craft will presumably sail on the afternoon 
of 25 December, 

Last night 1st E-Boat Flotilla carried out the 
prescribed operation against enemy shipping off 
the Caucasus coast. 

From 183 until 0300, the northern group remained 
in lurking positions In air grid squares 7553 - 
7518, Nothing was sighted. There was a 
powerful searchlight near Anapa, 

From 2030 until 2305, the southern group 
remained in lurking positions In air grid square 
8567, then in patrol line as far as air grid 
square 8554, At 0200 the boats commenced 
return passage. No enemy shipping. Lively 
searchlight activity off Ghelenjik. During 
December, the operations of 1st E-Boat Flotilla 



SECURITY INFORMATION ~9&- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



against enemy shipping close to the Caucasus 
coast north of Tuapse have been unsuccessful 
because neither convoys nor patrols have been 
encountered. At present it would appear that 
only a few supplies, if any, are being taken by 
Sea to Ghelenjik and Anapa. The front near 
Kerch also seems to be adequately, supplied by 
railroad transport and trucks to the loading 
places In the Sea of Azov and at Kossa Chushka, 
Only air reconnaissance can verify this 
assumption. Despite repeated requests, there 
has been no reconnaissance of the Caucasus coast 
for a long time because of shortage of planes. 

U-b o at J5 1 1 run. 1 1 on : 

At 2530 U 24, escorted by motor minesweeper R 197, 
entered Constantza from Sulina. 

Mine swe e pi ng Ac t iyi _ty ; 

From 0600 until 1700 the southwestern minefield 
gap was again swept by 5 motor minesweepers and 
Sevastopol harbor entrance by 2 FZ-boats. No 
mines swept. 

Two mineswecping planes covered the Cape 
Tarkhankutzki area. Sixty strips were twice 
swept without result. 

Suppl y Traffic ; 

Only slight convoy traffic because of the 
weather, 

a. The Ak Mechet-Odessa towed convoy turned 
about because of fog and anchored off Ak 
Mechet. 

b. "Lola" and 3 motor minesweepers are 
proceeding from Sulina to Sevastopol, 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY hTK>RMATIQN -99- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



24 December, 1945 



Simferopol 



Enemy S ituat ion : 

Night reconnaissance had to be postponed again 
because of the weather. 

No enemy shipping was detected In the course of 
daylight reconnaissance over the entire Black 
Sea, concentrating on the northeastern area. 

Off the Turkish coast 1 coastal vessel was 
sighted about 25 miles northwest of Samsun and 
1 freighter of 5,000 tons, course west, 20 miles 
northwest of Samsun. 

Main Naval d/f Station Reports ; 

During the forenoon, Main Naval d/f Station 
detected a destroyer presumably off the southern 
part of the east coast and a minesweeper in the 
Batum area. 

During the evening there was a general decrease 
in the activity of small vessels. Two motor 
gunboats and an unidentified vessel were deduced 
to be between the central and southern parts of 
the east coast, while 2 more M.T.B.s and 2 small 
vessels of an unidentified type were detected off 
the southern part. One motor gunboat was 
detected in the Sea of Azov* 

Submarines detected i 1 in the northwestern Black 
Sea and 1 southwest of Sevastopol. It is 
thought that there are 2 more submarines in the 
operational area. One more submarine was 
detected in the eastern Black Sea. 

It is striking that for the past few days 
submarines approaching the operational area In 
the northwestern Black Sea have made a wide turn 
to the west or south and then approached 
Eupatoria Bay on a northerly course. It may 
therefore bo assumed that the enemy suspects 
minefields along our coast or is aware of the 
minefields west of Sevastopol. 

Own Situation: 



Weather forecast 



W winds, force 5-4, visibility 10 - 12 miles, 
fog in patches, sea 2-5. 



COKFIDEMTIAL 

INFORMATION -100- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



The following teletype 'was received from 
Commanding General, Army Group A; 



ilrp 



To Commanding Admiral, Black Seaj 

Gratefully acknowledge all the assistance and 
support you have given by placing naval units 
under my command, and send my sincere thanks 
and best wishes for a merry Christmas and a 
victorious New Year. 

Heil Hitler! 

(Signed) von Kleist. 

Field Marshal." 

Crimea and Kerch Strai t : 

a. Last night the naval ferry barges In Kamish 
Burun were at 1 hour's readiness. Nothing 
to report. 

Operations for the night of 24/25 December: 

The vessels sighted off the Taman coast between 
Cape Tuszla and Zhelezni Rog in the forenoon of 
23 December give reason to suppose that the 
enemy is concentrating boats in Taman for 
operations during the night of 24/25 December 5 
.which would be especially suitable for this 
purpose. The enemy will assume that we shall 
relax on this night. 

I have therefore decided to send 3 naval ferry 
barges to a patrol lino in Kerch Strait between 
.Cape Takii and Kamish Burun on Christmas Eve. 

The boats will sail from Kamish Burun at 17 00 
and will patrol in close formation at a speed 
of 5 knots until daybreak. The boats will then 
enter Kamish Burun. 

1st Landing Craft Flotilla has been Instructed 
accordingly* Naval Gunnery Detachment 615 has 
been ordered to silence the enemy batteries if 
they shell the naval ferry barges. 

The naval ferry barges wore In position at the 
correct time. 

Western B lack Sea i 

Reports from Naval port Commander, Nikolaiev 
state that there was moderate artillery fire, 
, machine-gunning and rifle fire in Kherson. 
Otherwise no change. 



CONFIDMTIAL 

SECUSLTT INFORMATION -101- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



An attempt Is being made to find out whether the 
150-ton crane and tug "Wachau" with lighter, 
which are aground off the northern tip of Kimburn 
Peninsula, can be refloated If the enemy battery 
Is suppressed by bombing or our own artillery. 

Now that 3 armed fishing vessels have been sent 
to reinforce the submarine chaser force, 
submarine chaser "Xanten" is again at the 
disposal of the. Commander, Convoys and Escorts, 
Black Sea for escort and patrol duties. 

After being relieved by submarine chasers Nos , 
2301, 2307 and 2308 ? submarine chasers Nos, 103 
and 106 and "Xanten ;! are nutting in to 
Sevastopol, Nos, 2301, 2307 and 2308 are 
continuing anti-submarine operations In 
Eupatorla Bay, 

In view of the fact that 6 enemy vessels were 
sighted off Zhelezni Rog yesterday morning, it 
may safely bo assumed that there will be traffic 
off the north Caucs.sus coast and supply ships and 
light naval forces in Anapa, Therefore an 
E-boat operation In this area during the coming 
night promises success. 

Pour boats of 1st E~3oat Flotilla have 
accordingly been instructed to sail from Ivan 
Baba at 1500 and to stand on a,nd off close to the 
coast between Cape Utrich and Utrich Nok. 

Every worthwhile target should be attacked with 
torpedoes, while smaller vessels should be 
engaged with guns. 

If no target presents itself before 2300, the 
flotilla will leave the operational area and 
carry out a surprise shelling of the port of 
Anapa at close range. All available E-boats 
equipped with 4 cm. guns will take part In the 
operation and ships In Anapa roads may also be 
attacked with torpedoes. The E-boats are free 
to attack submarines. After the operation, the 
E-boats will return to Ivan Baba, 

1st Air Corps was requested: 

a. to find out, if possible today, the number of 
ships In port at Anapa and to Inform 1st 
E-Boat Flotilla immediately] 

b, to send out night reconnaissance planes to 
cooperate with the E-boats and also to cover 
the sound of the boats as they approach Anapa 
and to drop flares to light the target. 

At 1500 the boats sailed from Ivan Baba but had 
to turn about at 1800 about 15 miles west of 



COijFlJJja'TIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -102- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Anapa because of NNE winds, force 5, sea 4 - 5 
and a heavy swell. When the boats had passed 
the southern entrance to Kerch. Strait, the 
weather did not Improve, In continuous fog, 
they could only keep contact with one another 
by stern lights and searchlights. Because of 
the rough sea washing the decks, the boats could 
not use their armament, and at 2050 they put In 
to Ivan Bab a again, 

U-boat Situation : 

U 19 Is proceeding in a southeasterly direction 
to operational area "Otter 11 , U 23 Is sailing 
to the northern part of operational areas 
"Panter" and "Biber",' At 0400 U 9 will be 24 
hours from Constantsa, At 0400 on 25 December, 
motor minesweeper R 197 will be at position CS 1 
to escort U 9 to Conotantza, 

Mi n e swe e p ing Ac t i v i ty ; 

Prom 0600 to 1500, 5 boats of 3rd Motor Mine- 
sweeper Flotilla swept the southwestern mine- 
field gap without result. 

Two mine sweeping planes carried out a sweep In 
the Cape Tarkhankutzki area. Thirty strips 
were swept once without result. The operation 
had to be broken off because of the weather. 

Supply Traf fic s 

Convoys were held up by fog. The remainder of 
the Ak Mechot-Odessa towed convoy, comprising 
tug "Lobau", "Kornion" and "Dresden' 1 , had to 
return to Ak Mechot. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

;.;f;tLgTY information -103- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



25 December, 1945 



Simferopol 

Enemy SItua t i oh i 

Night reconnaissance over the northeastern Black 
Sea sighted no enemy vessels. On the return 
flight, the reconnaissance plane bombed Anapa, 
scoring direct hits on anti-aircraft emplacements. 

No enemy shipping was sighted in the course of 
daylight reconnaissance over the entire Black Sea. 

One Turkish freighter of 2,000 tons, course west, 
was detected close to the Turkish coast about 5 
. miles west of Amasra. 

A radio intercept report stated that a submarine, 
X^osition unknown, received an air reconnaissance 
report on a ship or convoy which had been sighted. 
The same report was also transmitted to another 
/submarine • 

-M^AQ- Jl a , Y a A J2/X -S- " b a ^A on ^ e -P °- r -tL s - °° 

During the afternoon 3 M.T.B.s and 2 motor 
gunboats were detected between the northern and 
southern parts of the east coast and 1 M.T.B. and 
1 unidentified small vessel off the southern part. 
During the evening moderate activity of small 
vessels continued in the northern to central 
Black Sea. One minesweeper, another M.T.B. and 
1 motor gunboat wore detected. 

Submarines detected: 1 about 120 miles east of 
Constantza and 2 in the operational area in 
unidentified positions. One submarine was about 
6 miles west of Anaklia, returning to port, and 
a fifth boat was located between the eastern and 
central Black Sea, presumably putting to sea, 

Ow n Sit u a t 1 on ; 

Weather forecast: 

E winds, force 4, cloudy to fair, sea 2 - 3, 
visibility 6-10 miles. 

Crimea and Ke rch Strai t : 

a. From 1700 to 0500 on 24/25 December, naval 
ferry barges were in patrol lino in Kerch 
Strait between CapoTakil and Kamish Burun, 
but sighted nothing. 



SECURITY INFORMATION -104- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



k • Ijand Situation % 

Mornings nothing to report apart from German 
and enemy patrol activity. 

Evenings Nothing to report. 

There will bo no operations in Kerch Strait 
during the coming night. The naval ferry 
barges in Kamish Burun will be at 1 hour's 
readiness from 1600 until 0500 on 26 December, 

17th Army H,Q. reported that the request 
submitted to Army Group A for combined operations 
boats and large assault boats to be used in the 
defense of Kerch Strait has been refused. 

Because the plans to use those boats in Kerch 
Strait have now fallen through, Army II. Q,, 
submitted the following requests 

a. That the south coast of Kerch Peninsula, 
especially Theodosia Bay, should be protected 
against surprise enemy landings near 
Theodosia, 

b. That offensive patrols be carried out in 
Kerch Strait to shew the enemy that they must 
at all times reckon with the intervention of 
the Navy, 

Commanding General does not believe that the 
radar, air reconnaissance and the coastal 
defense measures proposed by Admiral, Black Sea 
will be sufficient to prevent a surprise landing 
on the south coast of Kerch Peninsula, He is 
of the opinion that there should be permanent 
night patrols off Theodosia Bay, This request,, 
however, can only be met insofar as .Admiral, 
Black Sea has already ordered 3 naval ferry 
barges to be transferred to Theodosia for 
operations off the south coast of Kerch Peninsula, 
These boats are intended for night patrol between 
Cape Takil and Theodosia, concentrating on 
Theodosia Bay, just as the naval ferry barges 
stationed in Kamish Burun patrol in Kerch Strait, 

There arc not sufficient craft available to 
screen the entire coastline every night. The 
object of transferring the boats to Theodosia 
for coastal patrol duties is as follows: 

a. To have at least some naval ferry barges at 
hand for immediate operations in the event of 
enemy landings, 

b. To show the enemy, who will be informed of the 
patrols by their own reconnaissance or their 



CONFIDENTIAL 
SECURITY IWF0RI 



ITIQN 



-105- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



intelligence organization, that they must 
expect the same disruption of supplies in the 
Theodosia area as they encountered in the 
Eltigen landings. 

17th Army H»Q,. has been informed accordingly. 

In 1 Ski. lb 4017/43 dated 25 December, Naval 
High Command again drew attention to the military 
and political importance of. the Crimea as regards 
the favorable development of the war In Europe. 
The report also referred to the necessity of 
finding a solution for the Crimea problems 
within the framework of the entire eastern front, 
with the Navy assisting the Army with all moans 
at its disposal* ■■'/. 

The principle In all measures adopted by Admiral, 
Black Sea in respect of the dispersal. of 
personnel and material which, started towards the 
end of October of this year has always been - 
sometimes against the orders of Army Group - to 
stabilize the Crimea situation as quickly as 
possible, and to ensure that the supplies upon 
which the' defense of the Crimea depends arc 
safely brought across the sea. All the measures 
which I adopted in naval operations or coastal 
defense were guided by this principle. 

Bearing this in mind, the removal of the 
Quartermaster Staff to Odessa, which was carried 
• out under the dispersal measures on 29 October, 
has already been canceled. . The Staff has been, 
ordered to return to the Operational Staff at 
Simferopol at the beginning of January 1944, 

Wester n Black Sea : 

Naval Port Commander, Nikolaiev reported heavy 
bombardment of the city of Kherson and machine - 
gunfire and rifle fire in the harbor area. 
During the day, our own guns shelled enemy 
positions In Ochakov, • Enemy guns are shelling 
Pervomeisk and stranded vessels near Kimburn. 
At Pervomeisk naval gunnery lighter No, 4 was 
seriously damaged by 6 direct hits. One 8.8 cm, 
gun and one 2 cm. gun were put out of action. 
The naval gunnery lighter cannot be refloated. 
The order has been given to salvage the rest of 
the 8.8 cm. ammunition. Naval Port Commander, 
Ochakov was ordered to report whether the guns 
of naval gunnery lighter No, 4 can still be 
fired, despite the direct hits on the craft. 

At 2030 naval ferry barge P 563, which was 
carrying the barrel of a railroad gun, ran aground 
off Eupatoria lighthouse near Cape Malnak, The 
boat cannot be refloated under her own power. 
Salvage work has been arranged. Throe armed 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -106- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



fishing vessels carried out anti-submarine 
operations in Eupatoria Bay. Nothing to report* 

Commander, 3rd Motor Minesweeper Flotilla was 
ordered to send motor minesweepers R 165, R 205 
and R 206, which are lying in Sevastopol and are 
not required for operations until 27 December 
(convoy duties), to sweep the southwestern mine- 
field gap at Sevastopol. 

Commander, Convoys and Escorts, Black Sea and 
Commander, Convoys and Escorts, Crimean Coast 
have been informed accordingly. 

U-boat Situation ; 

At 0815 U 9 entered Gonstantza from her 14th 
operation (8th Black Sea operation). 

-t 

Mi ne s we e pin g A c 1 1 v 1 ty ; 

None • 

Supp ly Tra ffic i 

The following convoys wore at sea off the 
Crimean coast: 

a. The towed convoy, comprising "Kimburn", 
"Junak", "Schlirmann 10", 7 more vessels and 
5 submarine chasers, from Sevastopol via 
Ak Mechet to Odessa. 

b. "Dresden", etc, and 4 submarine chasers from 
Ak Mechet to Odessa. 

c. Five naval ferry barges from Sevastopol via 
Ak Mechet to Odessa. 

d. Four naval ferry barges (repairs) from 
Theodosia to Sevastopol and the escorted 
steamer "Geisorich" to Sevastopol, 

In the first convoy tug "Schlirmann 10" which was 
towing a lighter ran aground in fog off Eupatoria 
at 2000. Situation not yet clear. 



CONFI DENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -107- 



CONFIDENTIAL 

26 December, 1945 

Simferopol 

En emy _ Si tu a t i on : 

There was no night reconnaissance because of the 
weather. 

No enemy shipping was sighted in the course of 
air reconnaissance over the central to eastern 
Black Sea in difficult weather conditions. One 
Turkish freighter viras sighted off the Turkish 
coast near Cape Sinope. 

Main Naval d/f Station^ Re p orts ; 

During the afternoon 2 M.T.B.s and 1 patrol 
vessel were detected off the northern to central 
parts of the east coast and 2 minesweepers off 
the southern part*' 

No other surface vessels were detected in the 
evening and during the night. 

Submarines detected i 2 tuned to reception in 
the northwestern Black Sea and 2 thought to be in 
the operational area. During the afternoon 
1 submarine was detected -returning to port about 
50 miles west of Batum. 

Own Si tuition ; 

Weather forecasts 

SE - E winds, force 5-4, cloudy, fogbanks, 
otherwise visibility 4-8 miles, sea 2-3. 

Cri mea and Kerch Strait; 

a. No operations last night. 

Naval ferry barges at 1 hour's readiness in 
Kamish Burun reported nothing. 

b • Land Situation s 

Mornings Patrol activity in the Baksy beach- 
head. Lively patrol activity and fighting 
on the northern front. 

Evenings All quiet during the day with minor 
exchanges of gunfire. No detailed obser- 
vations could be made because of mist. 



COMFIDENTIAl 

security information -108- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Operations for the night of 26/27 December: 

Three naval ferry barges of 1st Landing Graft 
Flotilla in Kamish Burun were ordered to patrol 
between Cape Takil and Kamish Burun from 1700 
until 0500 on 27 December, For details, see 
relevant order dated 24 December. 

The naval ferry barges were not in position until 
2140 because dense fog delayed their sailing from 
Kamish Burun* Because of a failure in the 
center engine of one of the barges, there were 
only 2 craft in the patrol line. 

Western Black Sea ; 

During the day the town of Kherson came under 
artillery and rifle fire* Otherwise no important 
change in the situation. During the night of 
25/26 December, Ochakov reported barrage fire 
from Pervomeisk to Kimburn Peninsula. 

Naval Port Commander, Ochakov reported that at 
2520 naval gunnery lighter No. 4, which was 
seriously damaged by shelling, was brought to 
the E-boat base at Ochakov by tugs. She cannot 
continue to Odessa and will be unfit for further 
operations. Nevertheless, everything possible 
will be done to transfer her from Ochakov to 
Odessa, The transfer must take place by the 
middle of January 1944 because of the ice. 

Having taken on fresh stores and equipment for 
another anti-submarine patrol, submarine chasers 
Nos , 105 and 105 were ordered to sail from 
Sevastopol at 1500 via route Green for the place 
where an enemy submarine was recently engaged. 

The submarine chasers have been informed that the 
sinking of the submarine which they attacked from 
20 to 25 December has not buen confirmed. Nos. 
2501, 2507 and 2508 which left to continue the 
attack on this submarine could not find the 
marker buoy in the mist and were unable to locate 
the submarine because of heavy seas. Submarine 
chasers Nos. 101 and 106 will keep an intensive 
listening "watch to find out whether the submarine 
is still lying where she was last detected. 
Sound detection reports and further evidence, 
e.g. fresh, oil patches etc., will be reported by 
wireless • 

The boats will not return to port until they have 
received special orders from Admiral, Black Sea. 

Submarine chasers Nos. 2501, 2507 and 2508, which 
put in to Eupatoria because of the weather, were 
ordered to carry out an anti-submarine patrol in 



CONFIDEIfHAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -109- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



the area west of Tarkhankutzki (air grid squares 
2630, 2650 and 2670). They sailed at 2100. 

South Coast Cr imea : 

Commander, 1st Landing Craft Flotilla was ordered 
to send naval ferry barges F 132, F 301 and F 335 
to Yalta at 16 00. These craft are being trans- 
ferred to Kerch Strait, 

The boats will patrol route Brown from Brown 2 
as far- as the entrance to Yalta with oropesa 
gear, single sweep, 10-meter pendant. If a 
mine is found, the place will be noted and a 
Most Immediate .. report transmitted. The boats 
will then continue sweeping. 

At 1500 on 27 December, the boats will proceed 
via route Brown to Theodosia. From Yalta they 
will sail to Brown 13, towing the gear, then 
carry out a check sweep as en route to Yalta, 
On arrival at Theodosia, the cargo is to be 
immediately discharged. 

The boats ''will await further orders from Admiral, 
Black Sea, 

1st Landing Craft Flotilla, Kerch was informed 
that it is intended to send naval ferry barges 
F 132, F 3 01 and F 335 about 30 December to 
relievo the 3 naval ferry barges lying in Kamish 

Burun . 

U-b oa t _S i t ua t i o n : 

Nothing to report. 

Mine swe c ping Act i vl t y : 

Eight boats of 3rd Motor Minesweeper Flotilla 
carried out minosvireeping off the southwestern 
minefield gap at Sevastopol without result, 

FZ -boats made a check sweep for standard mines In 
Sevastopol harbor entrance. No mines swept* 

Two minesweeping planes made a check sweep for 
standard mines off Capo Tarkhankutzki. No 
mines swept. 

Supply Traffic ; 

Convoys in the northwestern Black Sea and off 
the. Crimean coast ran without incident, except 
for the Sevastopol-Odessa towed convoy which was 
dispersed in fog. No enemy action. 



q j'iDEi?m T . 

SECURITY INFORMATION -110- 



01TP IDENTIAL 



The following vessels in the towed convoy ran 
aground in fog: tug "Schilrmann 10" with lighter 
"Braila" off Eupatoria, steamer "Kimburn" and 
naval ferry barge P 565 off Gape Mainak 
(Eupatoria) and P -316 off Tarkhankutzki, All 
the vessels have since been refloated and have 
arrived in the intermediate port of Ak Mechet. 
No damage reported. 

On 27 December a section of the convoy will 
continue to Odessa. 



SECURITY INFORMATION -111- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



27 Decembe r, 1945 



S imferopol 

Enemy Situation J 



Night reconnaissance planes flying over the 
eastern Black Sea detected small vessels in 
Theodosia Bay. Exact positions were not given. 
Presumably this was the convoy consisting of 
motor vessel "Anna" and 2 escort vessels which 
was proceeding from Ivan Baba to Theodosia. 

No reports on enemy ships in the course of 
daylight reconnaissance over the entire Black 
Sea, 

At 0850 4 torpedo bombers were sighted flying 
towards Eupatoria Bay from the direction of 
Ghelenjik. The planes reported to their 
control station that they were flying over 
German ships which were presumably searching 
for mines. The ships in question might be the 
3 submarine chasers sailing in this area and 
the 4 FZ-boats engaged on check sweeps there. 

Main Naval P/F Station Reports % 

No surface forces were detected during the 
afternoon. 

During the evening, 1 patrol vessel and 1 motor 
gunboat were detected between the northern and 
central parts of the east coast and 4 mine- 
sweepers off the southern part. During the 
night, activity of small vessels in the northern 
to central Black Sea decreased. One IvI.T.B. was 
detected In the eastern Sea of Azov. 

Submarines detected: 2 in the northwestern 
Black Sea, positions only approximate, and 
another off the west coast of the Crimea. 
During the evening, a submarine was detected in 
the eastern Black Sea returning to port. 
Another submarine was thought to bo in the same 
area, No further details available • 



Own Situa ti on i 
Weather forecast : 



Ak Mechet areas WW winds, force 3 - 4j rest of 
Crimean coast SE - E winds, force 3-4, 

General: Overcast, showers, visibility 6-10 
miles, fogbanks, sea 2-3, 



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INFORMATION -112- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



C rimea and Ker ch S_tm.it : 

a. Last night 3 naval ferry barges on patrol in 
Kerch Strait between Cape Takil and Kamish 
Burun from 2200 until dawn sighted nothing. 

b. Naval Gunnery Detachment 613 reported moderate 
ferry traffic to the northern beachhead under 
cover of a smoke screen. Our bombers 
attacked ships and targets on land. Fires 
were observed. 

Our fighters machine-gunned 2 M.I.B.s and 
smoke was seen to come from one of the enemy 
boats, which was later beached east of the 
southern tip of Kossa Tuszla. 

c. Land Situation : 

Morning: During the night, patrol activity 
and normal exchanges of gunfire. 

Evening: Nothing to report. 

There will be no operations in Kerch Strait 
during the coming night. Three naval ferry 
barges in Kamish Burun were ordered to be at 1 
hour's readiness from 1600 until 0500. 

Western Black Sea s 

Shelling, rifle fire and machine-gunfire were 
reported from Kherson. A 40-ton crane and a 
small suction dredger were safely transferred 
from Kherson to Kasperovka via Lake Byoloye under 
heavy fire. One tug broke down with engine 
trouble. The crane and boats will proceed to 
Ochakov as soon as a tug is available. 

The 150-ton crane and tug "Wachau" which ran 
aground off Ochakov were bombarded by mortars. 
Up to now, attempts to tow them off have failed. 

Five submarine chasers (2 naval transports and 
3 armed fishing vessels) are on anti -submarine 
patrol in the Tarkhankutzki area. . 

While the armed fishing vessels did not detect 
anything, submarine chaser No, 106 again located 
the wreck of the submarine which was sunk on 
22 December. More oil was seen on the sea. 
This may be taken as confirmation that the 
submarine was sunk. 

About 0800 submarine chasers Nos » 101 and 106 
were attacked by enemy planes about 10 miles 
south of Eupatoria. No damage. Our fighters 
shot down 2 planes. At 1745 the same submarine 



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SECURITY INFORMATION -113- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



chasers were attacked by an enemy submarine about 
35 miles. west of Eupatoria, Two explosions 
occurred about 150 or 75 meters ahead of No. 106. 
The submarine chaser outmaneuvered the torpedoos. 
No locations. 



South Coast Crimea ; 

Naval ferry barges P 152 
the Sevastopol-Yalta rou 
found no mines. They w 
Yalta and Balaklava to b 
then to proceed via rout 
On passage, the boats wi 
gear, 10-meter pendant, 
place will be marked and 
transmitted. The boats 
passage. 



, P 301 and P 335 swept 
te with oropesa gear but 
ere ordered to sail from 
e at Brown 4 at 1600 and 
e Brown to Theodosia. 
11 sweep with oropesa 
If mines are found, the 
a Most Immediate report 
will then continue 



At 1115 an enemy submarine attack was made on 
Ivan Baba harbor. Two. torpedoes were fired but 
they ran ashore outside the E-boat harbor and 
failed to explode* At 1130 6 boats of 1st 
E-Boat .Flotilla sailed on anti-submarine patrol. 
Depth charges were . dropped twice without result. 

U-bo at S ituati on ; 

Nothing to report. 

Mine-sweeping Activity ; 

At 0700 5 boats of 3rd Motor Minesweeper Flotilla 
which were operating In the southwestern minefield 
gap at Sevastopol had to return to port because of 
the weather (LIE winds, force 5), 

Four FZ-boats carried out check sweeps for 
standard mines off Cape Tarkhankutzki without 
result. 

The minesweeping planes have now completed their 
operations off Cape Tarkhankutzki, Nothing 
further to report except a. mine which was swept 
on 13 December about 150 meters west of 
Tarkhankutzki lighthouse. It may be assumed 
that the area is free of mines. It has been 
swept 24 times, which In our experience is 
sufficient. 

Su Pply_T raffle j 

The following convoys were at sea off the west 
coast of the Crimea and in the western Black Sea: 

a. Towed convoy consisting of 5 tugs and a lighter, 
3 motor vessels and 4 naval ferry barges with 
an escort of 4 submarine chasers and 1 D-boat 



CONFIDB-JTLVL 
SECURITY INFORMATION 



-114- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



proceeding from Odessa to Ak Mechet. 

b. The Sevastopol-Odessa towed convoy which was 
dispersed in fog off Eupatoria on 25 December 
sailed from Ak Mechet to Odessa at 1430. 

c. The "Prodromos", i! Kassa" and "Shell I" convoy 
is proceeding from Constantza to Sevastopol* 
"Shell I st had to be taken in tow by "Rosita" 
because of engine failure. 

d. Pour motor minesweepers, 1 submarine chaser, 
"Danubius" and "G-eiserich" are proceeding 
from Sevastopol to Constantza. 

All the convoys proceeded without enemy 
interference • 



CONFIDENTIAL 
'SECURITY INFORMATION -115- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



28 December, 1945 



Simferopol 



Enemy Situation : 

Because of the danger of icing~up, night 
reconnaissance planned for the northeastern 
Black Sea had to be canceled. No enemy shipping 
was detected in the course of daylight air 
reconnaissance in very good visibility between 
the central and eastern Black Sea. 

Main Naval D/F Station reported continuous enemy 
air reconnaissance by 3 reconnaissance planes 
and 4 torpedo bombers over the west coast of the 
Crimea during the forenoon and afternoon. The 
planes detected two of our submarine chasers 
souths outhwest of Tarkbankutzki and a convoy 
about_ 13 miles southsouthwest of Cape Khersonese. 

In the afternoon, Main Naval d/f Station reported 
no enemy naval forces except 2 submarines in 
unidentified positions. 

During the evening, 2 minesweepers and 1 motor 
gunboat were detected off the southern part of 
the east coast and another motor gunboat off the 
northern part. No change as regards naval 
surface forces. 

A radio intercept report stated that at 1655 
Main Naval D/F Station obtained a bearing of 
249° on a submarine. Two other submarines were 
detected, one 22 miles westsouthwest of Eupatoria 
and one between the central and eastern Black 
Sea. 

Own Situations 



Weather forecast 



Ak Mechet and Theodosia - Kerch °. NE - E winds, 
force 5-6, cloudy, visibilit3r 6-10 miles, 
sea 4. 

Yalta; E winds, force 2-3, cloudy, 
visibility 10 miles, sea 2, 

Qj-lJ-.^Pil AftA .K erch Strait : 

a. The naval ferry barges which were at 1 hour's 
readiness from 1700 to 0500 in Kamish Burun 
had nothing to report. 



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SECURITY INFORMATION -116- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



b • Land Si tu ajb i on i 

Morning: Last night German and enemy patrol 
and assault detachments were active on the 
northern front, while in the Baksy beachhead 
there was lively enemy artillery and mortar 
fire . 

Evening; All quiet on the northern front. 
Moderate artillery and mortar fire at the 
Baksy beachhead. Heavy raiding by enemy 
ground attack planes. Our raiding bombers 
met strong enemy fighter and anti-aircraft 
opposition at Kolonka. 

Operations for bhe night of 28/29 Decembers 

'Three naval ferry barges of 1st Landing Craft 
Flotilla, Kerch were ordered to stand on and 
off in Kerch Strait between Chongelek and Kamish 
Burun during the coming night. They will sail 
from Kamish Burun at 2000, returning at 0530. 

Situation and duties as in orders of 24 December, 

Naval Gunnery Detachment 613 was ordered to 
neutralize any enemy batteries which fired on 
our boats. 

The naval ferry barges were in position at the 
prescribed time. Two engines in naval ferry 
barge F 342 failed and she had tp return to 
Kamish Burun. At 2345 there were only 2 naval 
ferry barges on patrol. 

Western B lack _Sea s 

Kherson reported moderate shelling of the town 
and machine -gunfire and rifle fire exchanges. 

During the night it was observed in Ochakov that 
the Russians were directing machine -gunfire at 
the 15 0-ton crane and tug "Wachau" which ran 
aground off Ochakov. From 0240 to 0400, Russian 
searchlights lit up the jetty and the roads. 
An attempt was made to refloat the tug and the 
crane during the night of 27/28 December, but it 
failed" because the tugs had too deep a draft, 
the equipment was inadequate, the Russian and 
Rumanian crows "wore not satisfactory, and the 
boats wore frequently picked up by enemy search- 
lights. Enemy artillery and machine -gunfire 
w ere also e no oun t e r e d , 

Submarine chasers Nos . 2301, 2307 and 2308, 
which were at sea west of Tarkhankutzki, were 
ordered to break off their anti-submarine patrol 
and put in to Ak Mechet, as it was impossible to 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -117- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



use search gear In NE winds, force 5-6 and 

sea 4. At 1400 the vessels put in to Ak Mechet. 

The hunt for the submarine which was attacked by 
submarine chasers Nos. 101 and 106 on 27 December 
has so far been without result. Nothing has 
been detected. 

The 3 naval ferry barges to be transferred to 
Kamlsh Burun swept the Yalta-Theodosia route with 
oropesa gear, 10-meter pendant. No mines were 
found. 

U-boat Situation ; 

U-boat base, Constantza reported that U 20 will 
be ready to put out not on 28 December, but on 
30 December. 

Mine sweeping Activity : 



Five boats of 3rd Motor Minesweeper Flotilla 
continued sweeping the southwestern minefield gap 
at Sevastopol, No mines swept. Another 5-6 
days will complete the work on the southwestern 
minefield gap. 

Five FZ-boats made check sweeps in Sevastopol Bay 
without result. 

Sup ply Traffic ; 

a. At 1415 "Murgescu", "Chlculescu", motor mine- 
sweeper R 197 and submarine chaser No. 2301 
put In to Sevastopol with "Kassa" and 
"Prodromos" from the Constantza-Sevastopol 
convoy. Motor minesweeper R 209 and "Rosita" 
are still escorting steamer "Shell I" which 
developed engine trouble and had to be taken In 
tow. At 1553 "Shell I" was in air grid square 
1835. Her engine is still faulty. The tow 
line broke several times in ENE winds, force 
6-7, and submarine chasers Nos. 101 and 103 
and "Ship 19" were sent out to assist and 
reinforce the escort. 

b. Submarine chasers Nos, 307 and 308, which "were 
escorting "StdJrtebecker and "Irene" from the 
Odossa-Ak Mechet towed convoy, part of which 
was dispersed in bad weather, have not yet 
arrived In Ak Mechet. 

c. The Ak Mcchot-Odessa towed convoy entered 
■Odessa according to plan. The "Danubius" and 

, • . "Oeiserich" convoy from Sevastopol arrived 

safely at its port of destination, Constantza. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SrCURITY INFORMATION -113- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



De c erab e v? 1.9 45 



Simferopo l 

Enemy Situation : 



There was no night reconnaissance because of 
the weather. No enemy shipping was sighted in 
the course of daylight air reconnaissance over 
the entire Black Sea. 

At about 1200 1 small and 2 large vessels were 
reported by a reconnaissance plane about 25 
miles northwest of Ak Mechot. This was 
probably the submarine chaser and 2 vessels 
which sailed from Ak Mechet to go to the 
assistance of motor vessel "StBrtebecker" 
which is drifting under sail 30 miles southwest 
of Ta rkhanku t zk I . 

Main Naval d/f Station Reports : 

Main Naval d/f Station, Eupatoria reported few 
detections and no exact details of positions. 
During the forenoon, 2 M.T.B.s and 1 motor 
gunboat were intercepted off the northern part 
of the east coast. In the evening and during 
the night, there was slight activity of small 
vessels. No change between the central and 
northern parts of the east coast, but 1 M.T.B. 
and 1 minesweeper were detected off the 
southern part. 

Only 1 submarine was deduced to be In the 
operational area. Another submarine was 
detected returning to port, position unknown* 

The assumption that there is now only 1 sub- 
marine in the northwestern Black Sea Is probably 
not correct. The small number of bearings is 
more likely to be duo to the fact that tho 
boats are maintaining radio silence. 

On the other hand, It may bo assumed with a fair 
degree of certainty that, in comparison with the 
time when tho enemy was evidently aware of our 
temporary plan to evacuate the Crimea, tho 
number of enemy 'submarines operating against our 
convoys to the Crimea has considerably decreased, 
At that time about 3 submarines were detected 
each da;/. 

Own Situations 



We a the r f or e ca s t : 



Entire Crimean coast; NE ~ E winds, force 3-4, 
In tho north force 5, very cloudy, visibility 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -119- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



10 - 15 miles after early morning mist, sea 2-3. 

Crimea and Kerch Strait; 

a. Nothing to report from the boats on patrol in 
Kerch Strait during the night of 28/29 
December. The naval ferry barges entered 
Kara I s h Bur tin at 05 3 « 

b« Land Situation; 

Morning; During the night, only slight 
Ineffective patrol activity by the enemy on 
the northern and eastern fronts. 

Evening; An enemy attack carried out south 
of Hill 17.4 on the northern front was 
repulsed. The enemy also shelled the area 
near Hill 17.6, the main defense line in the 
eastern part of the Tartar Ditch and the area 
near Armiansk and Chulga. 

At the Baksy beachhead, there was lively enemy 
fire from heavy artillery in the area north of 

Bulganak, 

There will be no operations in Kerch Strait 
during the coming night. The naval ferry barges 
In Kamish Burun will be at 1 hour's readiness 
from 1700 to 05 00 on 30 December. 

Attempts to tow off the 150-ton crane and tug 
"Wachau" from the western tip of Kimburn 
Peninsula have so far been unsuccessful* A new 
attempt "had to be postponed because of the 
weather (HE winds, force 5 - 7). 

At 15 00 3 submarine chasers of 23rd Submarine 
Chaser Flotilla sailed from Ak Mechet for anti- 
submarine patrol in Eupatoria Bay. The boats 
were ordered to meet motor vessel "Irene" at 
1900. "Irene." lost contact with the Odossa-Ak 
Mechet towed convoy. 

Commander, Convoys and Escorts, Black Sea 
reported that submarine chaser No. 2304 had been 
allocated to the submarine chaser force of 
Adm Ira 1 , Bla ck Sea. 

Naval. Shore Commander, Caucasus proposed trans- 
ferring naval ferry barge (mines) P 446 from 
Sevastopol to Theodosia to replace naval ferry 
barge (mines) P 445 which is lying in Theodosia 
waiting for repairs. After being relieved, 
probably on 31 December, P 445 will be trans- 
ferred to Sevastopol for repairs. 



CpiWIDWnJa, 

SECURITY INFORMATION -120- 






CONFIDENTIAL 



Minefield charts captured from Russian vessels, 
which we shot apart at Eltlgen, show that -there 
are several small enemy minefields between 
Brown 17 and Red 17, The route to Kerch must 
be kept open for our own traffic and It will be 
necessary to check the route and sweep any mines 
found there. 

Naval ferry barges P 301, P 132, P 335, which 
sailed from Theodosia at 1400 to relieve the 
boats lying in Kamish Burun, were ordered to 
sweep the route from Theodosia to Chongelek 
with oropesa gear, 5-meter pendant, in open 
formation. The channel between the approach 
buoy for Kerch Strait and Gape Takil is to be 
swept twice in both directions. The boats will 
navigate to the precise boundaries of the channel. 
If mines are discovered, the place should be 
marked, the depth setting of the mines ascertained 
if possible, and a Most Immediate report trans- 
mitted. After carrying out this operation, the 
boats will enter Kamish Burun where the naval 
ferry barges will be under the command of Admiral, 
Black Sea for operations in Kerch Strait. 

As the E-boat operation off the north Caucasus 
coast during the night of 24/25 December had to 
be abandoned about 18 00 because of bad weather 
(ME winds, force 5), I have decided to repeat 
the operation tonight, when the weather will be 
favorable for E~boats, 

Pour boats of 1st E-Boat Flotilla were ordered 
to sail from Ivan Bab a at 1500, At 0300 the 
boats will wait close to the coast between Gape 
Utrich and Utrlch Nok. 

Operational orders will be as for 24/25 December 
Including the surprise shelling of the port of 
Anapa, 

1st Air Corps has been requested to provide night 
reconnaissance planes to cover the sound of the 
E-boats ' approach to Anapa and to drop flares 
over the target, 

U-boat S ituati on i 

No enemy shipping was sighted by U 19- in the 
operational area' off Ochemchiri or by U 23 in 
the operational area off Poti . 

Mine sweeping Ac tiylty s 

Five boats of 3rd Motor Minesweeper Flotilla 
swept the southwestern minefield gap at 
Sevastopol. No mines swept. 



CONFIDENTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -121- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



Six FZ-boats ma do a check sweep for ground mines 
off the entrance to Sevastopol. No mines were 
swept in 24 sweeps . 

Sup p ly JTra ff lc i 

Parts of the towed convoys, which have been 
proceeding close to the Crimean coast on the last 
few days, entered their ports of destination. 

Motor vessel n St8rtebecker n 5 belonging to the 
Odessa-Ak Mechet towed convoy, Is drifting under 
sail about 30 miles southwest of Tarkhankutzki 
and has not yet put in to port* Three submarine 
chasers have been ordered to go to her assistance. 
Nothing to report from the other convoys. 



CONFIDENTIAL 



RITY BJFOIMLTION -122- 



CONFIDENTIAL 

50 December, 1945 

Simferopol 

Enemy Situation z 

Only a few vessels were sighted by night 
reconnaissance over the northeastern Black Sea 
and west of the Crimea, 

During the day 'no enemy shipping was detected 
in the central and western Black Sea, 

A Turkish freighter was sighted close to the 
Turkish coast near Samsun. 

Main Naval p/ F Station n Re p orts : 

At noon, Main Naval D/P Station located a mine- 
sweeper off the southern part of the east coast. 
During the evening, 2 more minesweepers were 
detected In the same area. Apart from the move- 
ments of these ships which continued during the 
night, there was nothing to report. 

As the enemy submarines are maintaining radio 
silence, only 1 submarine was located, about 50 
miles northeast of Constantza. It Is assumed 
that there is another submarine in the 
Eupatoria-Tarkhankutzki operational area. 

Own Sit uati on ! ; 

Wo a the r fore ca s t : 

E winds, force 5 - 4, mainly overcast, light 
showers, visibility 4-8 miles, sea 2 - 5. 

During the second half of the night SW - W winds, 
force 6-7 generally. 

C r 1 m e a_ _a n cl _K er c h S t r ajjjb : 

a. Three naval ferry barges which are on transfer 
to Kamish Bvirun swept the Theodosia-Kerch 
route with oropesa gear. No mines swept. 
At 0150 a naval ferry barge had an engagement 
with an enemy motor gunboat which escaped in 
fog. Hits were observed. Our boats returned 
safely to Kamish Burun. From 1100 - 1400, 
Kamish Burun was shelled by 11 enemy guns of 
medium and heavy caliber on Cape Tuszla, 
Naval ferry barges were damaged by splinters 
and 4 men were injured. 

Kamish Burun was again shelled between 2000 
and 22 00. 



COCTIDSNTIAL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -123- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



4th Battery, Naval Gunnery Detachment 613 
damaged an enemy vessel which had to be taken 
in tow. 

It is striking that the enemy immediately 
discovered that there were more ships in port 
at Kamish Burun when the relief boats for the 
naval ferry barges awaiting repair arrived 
and therefore shelled the base. There wore 
no air raids, probably because of the accurate 
anti-aircraft fire. It will therefore not be 
possible, so long as naval ferry barges are 
based in Kamish Burun, to withdraw the anti- 
aircraft guns as planned by 9th Anti-Aircraft 
Division, 9th Ant i -Aircraft Division was 
informed accordingly and has agreed with 
Admiral, Black Sea, 

10 • Land Si tuation „• 

Morning:. No important activity on the fronts. 
An enemy patrol was repulsed at tho Baksy 
beachhead and naval patrols were driven off 
northwest of Martini Peninsula, 

Evenings Strong enemy artillery fire at the 
Baksy beachhead, rising to an intense barrage 
at times.. All quiet on the, northern front. 

Operations for tho night of 30/ol December: 

Naval ferry barges F 342, F 401 and F 578 of 1st 
Landing Craft Flotilla, Kerch wore ordered to 
sail at 1700 for tho patrol line between 
Chongelek and Kamish Burun. Their task will bo 
to attack enemy forces and prevent landings. 
If the enemy is sighted a Most IQnmodlate report 
is to be transmitted • 

The boats will return to Theodosia from the. patrol 
line. On return passage, they will pass the 
approach buoy at Kerch Strait, at 0200, proceed 
via route Brown, keeping strictly within the 
fairway because of the danger of mines and 
avoiding the short cut off Cape Takil, 

In Theodosia the naval ferry barges will still bo 
under the direct command of Admiral, Black Sea, 
(Sec War Diary 25 December, paras, a, and b,) 

^L° £l~ p P.n Bla ck Sea % 

Kherson reported artillery exchanges and machine- 
gunfire , Otherwise no change. In the Ochakov 
sector, artillery and mortar fire exchanges 
between Pervomcisk and KImburn, 



COMF1 DIEiTIAI 

SECURITY INFORMATION -124- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



The guns of naval gunnery lighter No", 4 which 
was towed from Pervomeisk to Ochakov have been 
removed and loaded into a lighter for transfer 
to Odessa. Naval gunnery lighter No. 4 is 
being temporarily caulked for transfer to 
Odessa . 

At 1130 submarine chasers Nos. 2501, 2307 and 
2308 put in to Sevastopol to take in new 
equipment and fuel for anti-submarine patrol. 

Last night 1st E-Boat Flotilla was in lurking 
position off Cape Utrich 1.8 miles from the 
coast from. 1855 to 2515, No enemy shipping 
was observed. At crawling speed close to the 
coast the boats proceeded to 1,500 meters north 
of the port of Anapa, After our night reconn- 
aissance planes had dropped flares, the E-boats 
reported that the port and roads were empty* 
Even at the mole there were no ships to be seen. 
The port was therefore not bombarded. At 0245 
the boats commenced return passage and put in 
to Ivan Baba at 0545. 

U-boat base, Constantza reported that the firing 
rod of one of TJ 20 's torpedo tubes was broken 
and that sailing had to bo postponed until 
1 January. 

Mine swe oping Ac t i vi ty ; 

At 06 00 5 motor minesweepers of 3rd Motor 
Minesweeper Flotilla sailed from Sevastopol to 
sweep the southwestern minefield gap. From 
1000, there wore only 3 boats sweeping, as 2 
boats had boon detailed to assist motor vessel 
"St8rtobockor" which was drifting 50 miles 
southwest of Tarkhankutzki, No mines swept. 
Three-quarters of the task has been completed, 

FZ -boats made a check swoop for standard mines 
on route Green off Sevastopol harbor entrance as 
far as the 3 0-metcr line. Sixteen strips 300 
meters wide wore swept without result. 

Supply Traffic i 

a. Steamer "Shell I" put in to Constantza towed 
by submarine chaser No. 106, She was one of 
the ships belonging to the Crimea convoys which 
were dispersed in bad weather a few days ago. 
Motor vessel "Stttrtebeckor" is proceeding to 
Sevastopol towed by motor minesweeper R 208 
and will presumably put in there at 06 00. 



CONFIDENTIAL 



INFORMATION -125- 



Com? IDENTICAL 



b. Three more convoys and 1 towed convoy off the 
west coast of the Crimea ran as scheduled - 
without enemy interference* 



CONF IDEifiT AL 

SECURITY INFORMATION -126- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



31 December. 1945 






Sim feropol 

Enemy Situation: 



During the night, reconnaissance was flown over 
the Black Sea as far as Sochi without sighting 
the enemy. Ho enemy shipping was detected In 
the course of daylight air reconnaissance over 
the entire Black Sea. One Turkish freighter 
was sighted off Gape Bafra in Turkish terri- 
torial waters. Perry traffic was observed in 
Kerch Strait off Cape Chroni. 

Main Naval p/p Station Reports : 

No activity of surface forces could be detected 
from fleet radio traffic which began in the 
evening. Apart from 1 mine swe'e per off the oast 
coast of the Black Sea, nothing was detected. 

No important radar bearings were taken by Main 
Naval D/P Station. One submarine was detected 
in the northwestern Black Sea and another is 
assumed to bo off the west coast of the Crimea, 
One submarine Is thought to bo returning to 
port, position unknown. 

Own Situation i 



Weather forecasts 



W - NW winds, force 5 - 6, squally, cloudy at 
times, showers, otherwise visibility 15 miles, 



sea 4 - 5. 



Crimea and Kerch Strait 



a. The attention of Naval Shore Commanders, 
Crimea and Caucasus, Commander, Convoys and 
Escorts, Black Sea, 1st E-Boat Flotilla, 3rd 
Motor Mine sweeper Flotilla and 1st Landing 
Craft Flotilla, Kerch has again been drawn 
to the fact that there must be absolutely no 
relaxation of watchfulness or operational 
readiness" during the New Year days. It Is 
on critical days such as these that Increased 
attention is required. 

b. Our patrols In Kerch Strait did not encounter 
the enemy. As bad weather is forecast for 
the entire Crimean coast in the second half 
of the night (SW to W winds, towards morning 
W to NW winds, force 6 - 7), the naval ferry 
barges received orders at 2500 to abandon 
operations immediately and return to Kamish 
Burun Instead of Theodosia, 



IF0BMATI0N -127- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



c * Land Situation : 

Morning: Enemy patrol activity on both fronts. 
Strong enemy forces entrenched on the Baksy 
front. The enemy is probably expecting a 
German attack. The reason for the increased 
ferry traffic across Kerch Strait is probably 
because the enemy Is building up stocks before 
the Strait freezes. 

A large-scale operation against partisans in 
the Jaila mountains restricted the partisans 
to the forest south of Baksan. Little 
resistance was encountered. 

Evening: Enemy patrols were repulsed on the 
northern front. Artillery fire slight 
generally, strong locally. Otherwise nothing 
to report, 

d, The port of Kamish Burun and the batteries of 
Naval Gunnery Detachment 615 were shelled 
several times from Cape Tuszla, the fish- 
salting factory and Panaghia. 

Operations for tho night of 51 Dccember/l January: 

As special watchfulness is required on New Year's 
night, 1st Landing Craft Flotilla, Kerch has been 
ordered to patrol in Kerch Strait during the whole 
night. At 2000 5 naval ferry barges will sail 
from Kamish Burun and will stand on and off 
between Chongclek and Karnlsh Burun until dawn. 

Task: To attack enemy forces and prevent landing 
operations. If the enemy Is sighted a Most 
Immediate report should bo transmitted. 

The naval ferry barges sailed for the patrol line 
at the prescribed time. At 2250 they were 
shelled by tho Tuszla batteries and caught in 
searchlights operated at Taman, At the same 
time a noise of engines was heard at sea, but 
nothing was picked up by the searchlights of 
Naval Gunnery Detachment 615, 

Weste rn Black Sea : 

NW winds., force 5 - 6, Increasing in squalls. 

Naval Port Commander, Nikolaiev was ordered to do 
everything possible to salvage the 150-ton crane 
which had run aground off Kimburn point, Tho 
water may be deeper in this weather. The 
buoyancy of the crane and the damage Inflicted by 
ar tiller;/ will have to be examined and reported, 
Tho crane is not to be blown up yet, as the enemy 
is still not In a position to salvage It, and 
there is also a possibility that we may be able 
to salvage the crane later. 



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Pour out of 5 naval ferry barges proceeding from 
Sevastopol to Ak. Mechet had to put in to 
Eupatoria because of the weather (W winds, 
force 7). The fifth ferry barge - P 562 - ran 
aground off Belyaus. Tug "Theben 1 ' and submarine 
chasers Nos . 504 and 505 vrent to her assistance 
from Eupatoria, The search had to be abandoned 
as the ferry barge could not. be found in the 
darkness. The search will continue at daybreak. 

'Two submarine chasers, D 9, "Orion", "Lobau" and 
"Evert jo" of the Ak Mechet-Sevastopol towed 
convoy put in to Eupatoria. D 9 ran aground 
between Eupatoria and Mainak, The rest of tho 
towed convoy, consisting of "Budapest", 2 tugs 
with lighters and 2 submarine chasers is 
proceeding to Sevastopol. Up to now it has not 
been possible to refloat D 9 because of the 
weather. 

At 0215 4 naval ferry barges put in to Sevastopol 
from Ak Mechet. In this convoy naval ferry 
barge P 516 ran aground in the north bay. At 
0800 she was towed off. As she had sprung a 
leak, she was taken to the slipway. 

Motor vessel "StBrtebcckcr", which was towed in 
on 50 December by motor minesweeper R 208, 
anchored in Suohaya Bay. At 2500 "StBrtobeckor u 
was drifting with her anchor In a westerly gale. 
R 208 wont to her aid and both boats ran aground 
on the north shore of the bay. R 208 Is fast 
between large rocks, compartments 5 and 4 are 
flooded. Salvage attempts will bo made 
immediately. 

At 1000 "Sttfrtobeckor" was refloated and towed 
In. Minor damage only. Although R 208 has 
boen lightened, attempts at refloating have so 
far proved unsuccessful. She is being 
continually driven against the rocks and is 
heavily damaged. 

U -boa t Situa t ion t 

Nothing to report. 

There was no mine sweeping because of the weather, 
(W winds, force 5 - 6.) 

Supply; Traffic : 

a. Convoys were seriously delayed by the gale 
which rose at midnight. Ships could not be 
saved from running aground because when tho 
gale warnings wore transmitted all the convoys 
wore at sea. 



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During December 1943, 33,853 tons of supplies 
were sent to the Crimea. • The actual amount 
brought over was 11,147 tons short of the 
target figure of 45,000 tons. The principal 
reason for this was the bad use which the 
Army made of the shipping placed at its 
disposal. 17th Army H.Q. has been asked to 
remedy this (see War Diary 21 December, 
section b « ) • 



(Signed) Brinkmann. 



SECURITY "INFORMATION -130- 



None 
7 
1 

None 



9 attacks 
(74 planes) 

14 attacks 
(62 -planes) 



o 
1 



CONFIDENTIAL 

Survey for December JL945 

A • Enemy opera tions : 

1. Submarine attacks; 

a. With guns 

b. With torpedoes 

c. On naval shore installations 

2. Attacks by surface forces: 

3. Air raids % 

a, On naval shore installations 
and ports ; 

b . On vessels : 

4. Planes shot down; 

a. By naval shore batteries: 

b. By ship's anti-aircraft guns: 
B • Own opera tions : 

1. Submarine chasers: 



12 submarine chasers. 1 submarine sunk for 
certain, another probably sunk, 

2. Motor minesweepers: 

5 motor minesweepers in 26 patrol lines in 6 days' 
operations. No successes, 

6 motor minesweepers on mine sweeping operations 
in 12 days' operations. No mines swept, 

5, E-boats; 

6 E-beats each of which carried out 6 offensive 
"operations against the Caucasus coast. No 
successes , 

5' E-boats in 7 patrol lines In 2 days. No 
successes, 

4, Naval ferry barges: 

9 ferry barges in 73 operations on 18 days, 
2 gunboats, 1 tug, 1 lighter, 2 fishing smacks, 
1 barge, 2 rafts and 11 landing craft sunk with 
the cooperation of shore batteries. 



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1 gunboat, 1 landing craft damaged, 18 prisoners 
of war, 

5, U-boats': 

4 U-boats, 55 days at sea. No successes, 

C * Own lo sj5<3s : 

1, Total losses: 

a. Naval forces: 5 naval ferry barges 

1 submarine chaser 

1 harbor defense boat. 

b. Steamers: None, 

c. Tugs, lighters etc.: 2 lighters of 1,350 tons, 

2. Damaged: None. 

D, ' Mine s ; 

1. Swept or destroyed by 

gunfire: 2 standard mines, 

2, Mines laid: 1 minefield of 58 mines. 

E . Suppl y Traffic : 

1. Naval vessels escorted: 7. 

2. Merchant ships: 

a. In convoy: 182 vessels totaling 

173,286 G-.R.T. 

b. Unescorted: 9 vessels totaling 

1,896 G.R.T. 

c. 98 naval ferry barges totaling 9,800 G.R.T. 



For activity report 1943, Admiral, Black Sea, see 
Appendix, 



(Signed ) Brihkmann , 



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CONFIDENTIAL 



APPENDIX I 
Activity Report 194o, Admiral , Black Sea 

•*- * Ge^neral revi ew : 

The predominant feature of 1942 was the extension of 
the territory under our control and the consequent 
building up of naval forces, reconstruction of newly 
captured bases and erection of gun batteries to 
defend our occupied coastline. In 1943, however, 
the conduct of the war under command of Admiral, 
Black Sea was dictated by the withdrawal of the Army 
fronts* The duties arising from this comprised 
patrols, evacuation and convoying* The principle 
behind such duties was In all cases, even in 
offensive operations, to support the Army. 



1st Period : January - March: Withdrawal of the 
Caucasus frontlines to the Gotenkopf 
position and the defense line east of 
Taganrog. 

_?PA ~P. ei? A A ° April - August: Defense of the 

Gotenkopf bridgehead and the Taganrog 
line. 

3rd Period ; September - October: Withdrawal from 
the Gotenkopf bridgehead and from the 
north coast of the Sea of Azov to the 
Dnieper. 

4th Period: November - December: Defense of the 
isolated fortress of the Crimea. . 

During those periods Admiral, Black Sea worked In 

close cooperation with Army Group A and 17th Army 

H'.Q* with the object of giving the Army full Support. 

The following is a more detailed' report on these 
periods : 

Period 1 

After the loss of Rostov, our troops returning from 
the Caucasus front had to be transported across Kerch 
Strait to the Crimea. The Army retained a bridge- 
head covering Taman Peninsula and adjacent territory 
and extending along a lino Novorossisk-Krimskaya- 
Tomriuk, This bridgehead served to assemble the 
troops and concentrate the material to be withdrawn. 
The withdrawal across Kerch Strait commenced at the 
end of January when the ice melted. The first duty 
of Admiral, Black Sea was to make an adequately 
marked channel through the minefields and then to 
ferry the Army across in cooperation with the 
combined operations boats. 



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In an all-out operation lasting until the end of 
March, we succeeded in ferrying over all the troops 
and supplies not required for the defense of the 
Kuban bridgehead, which was firmly held in the face 
of strong enemy counter-action - especially from the 
air. An enemy landing attempt in the rear of our 
own frontline near Oseraika valley, northwest of 
Novorossisk, failed. The enemy did however succeed 
in establishing a beachhead in Novorossisk Bay and 
extending it to reach the open sea beyond the bay. 
Sea supplies to this beachhead at My shako were 
repeatedly and successfully attacked by our E-boats. 
The landing places were effectively bombarded by our 
E-boats and motor minesweepers, and vessels lying at 
jetties were torpedoed by E-boats. 

Five shallow minefields were laid in the southern 
part of Kerch Strait to protect our ferry traffic 
against enemy surface forces. Enemy planes 
attempted to stop the ferry traffic by laying mines 
(standard mines, ground mines and horned moored 
mines) in Kerch Strait. Continuous check sweeps 
of the channels prevented large-scale losses. 

By the end of March, the evacuation from the 
G-otenkopf bridgehead was completed. The following 
had been ferried across in naval vessels and 
combined operations boats; 

105,000 men 
45,000 horses 

7,000 motor vehicles 
12,000 horse-drawn vehicles. 



Perio d J3 

At the beginning of March, the Gotenkopf bridgehead 
was firmly in our hands and the forces of 17th Army 
H.Q. required a continuous stream of supplies-. At 
first Army Group A asked for a daily turnover of 
1,500 tons, but then raised their demands to 2,500 
tons a day and from July to 4,000 tons a day. In 
order to relieve the embarkation points on the 
eastern shore of Kerch Strait (Taman, Senaya, fish- 
packing plant) and also to save motor vehicles and 
fuel, it became necessary to sail convoys as close 
to our frontlines as possible. In the face of 
considerable danger, especially on the route to 
Anapa, which was exposed to the attacks of superior 
naval surface forces, and which was only 45 miles 
away from the nearest enemy base (Ghelenjik), 
despite numerous air raids, submarine attacks and 
repeated minelaying in the convoy channels, our 
convoys kept up a full stream of supplies until the 
Kuban bridgehead was evacuated. On the particularly 
dangerous Kerch-Anapa route, naval ferry barges made 
191 crossings, carrying 61,717 tons. 



. .UJ_u. J- J-.i-J._i 



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Perry traffic in Kerch Strait was especially 
vulnerable to air attack. Considerable numbers of 
enemy planes carried out attacks practically every 
day against transports and landing places in an 
effort to bring traffic to a standstill. Russian 
planes laid ELM mines with induction firing and 
-moored mines, thus forcing our ships to keep to 
certain channels which had to be swept continuously. 

After reoccupying the ports of Yeisk and Akhtari, the 
enemy brought heavily armed, fast motor gunboats into 
the Sea of Azov for the purpose of striking at our 
supplies from Kerch and Genichesk to Temriuk. To 
eliminate this danger at the source, our own forces of 
naval gunnery lighters, motor minesweepers and motor 
minesweepers (RA) made repeated attacks on the enemy 
bases at Akhtari, Yeisk and Achuevski. These 
attacks were effective. 

1st E-Boat Flotilla and 3rd Motor Minesweeper 
Flotilla carried out many successful operations 
against enemy shipping going to the My shako beachhead. 
While the unsuccessful fighting to mop up the beach- 
head was going on during April, our boats sank 15 
boats, 3 coastal freighters of 750 tons, 3 lighters 
and 2 ammunition barges off Myshako, thereby 
considerably relieving the pressure on the Army. 

Naval gunnery lighters and naval ferry barges 
patrolled outside Temriuk Bay and along the northern 
coast of the Taman Peninsula, repeatedly driving off 
enemy ships which approached our coast. 

Everything possible was done in the way of trans- 
portation and defense of the shipping lanes to ensure 
that the monthly supplies of Army Group were safely 
brought across the sea. Prom March until the with- 
drawal from the Kuban bridgehead, the target figure 
for convoy supplies was reached and at times 
exceeded. 

Prom March to August, the following were carried by 
the Navy from Kerch, G-e niche sk and Theodosia to Taman, 
Sonaya, Anapa and Temriuk: 

Stores 337,353 tons 

Personnel 6,365 

Horses 2,566 

Motor vehicles 1,099 

Horse-drawn vehicles 534 

Guns 197 

Apart from these convoys which ran to the Kuban 
bridgehead, once the ice melted in Taganrog Bay 
supplies were also sent by sea from Mariupol to 
Taganrog for the extreme right flank of the Army. 
These convoys, which were kept up until the 
evacuation of Taganrog in mid-August, delivered a 
total of 29,449 tons of supplies. 



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In June naval gunnery lightens and naval ferry barges 
were transferred from Mariupol to Taganrog for the 
defense of the northern shore of Taganrog Bay. 
Enemy landings on our own weakly occupied shore in 
the rear of the frontline were prevented by continuous 
patrols and by the bombardment of the Russian base of 
Yeiskt • Naval gunnery lighters relieved the pressure 
on our troops by bombarding the enemy front in the 
inner- part- of Taganrog Bay, 

Period 5 

On 7 September, the evacuation of the Kuban bridge- 
head began. With strong naval protection of the 
flanks In the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea, with- 
drawals were carried out according to plan* Enemy 
.landings In the rear of our frontlines were all 
frustrated. About 400 men landed on the north 
Tarnan coast but were soon annihilated by the Army, 

On 9 October, the last troops wore ferried over from 
Kossa Chushka. Not a single man was loft behind. 
All valuable material was evacuated. In 34 days 
naval ships and combined operations boats carried 
the following men and material from the Kuban bridge- 
head: 

Personnel 202,447 

Horses ' 54,664 

Cattle 6,019 

Motor vehicles 15,237 
Horse-drawn vehicles 2 0,6 00 

Guns 1,196 

Service supplies 94,937 tons. 

This evacuation by sea, successfully carried out 
without large losses, was completed by tho with- 
drawal of about 240 vessels engaged in the operation 
through Kerch Strait to Sevastopol. On 10 October, 
the vessels entered Sevastopol in 5 large convoys, 
escorted by all available U-boats, E-boats, naval 
■ gunnery lighters and motor minesweepers. Despite 
continuous air raids and one submarine attack, only 
1 naval ferry barge and 1 combined operations forry 
were lost. 

At the same time as the evacuation of the Kuban 
bridgehead, the withdrawal of our front on the 
northern shore of the Sea of Azov began. Until the 
evacuation of Cenichesk, naval gunnery lighters and 
naval ferry barges acted as a cover for the Army 
withdrawal. They repeatedly bombarded the advanced 
enemy frontline and shelled enemy rear concentrations. 

Period 4 



By the end of October, communications between tho 
Crimea and the mainland were cut. The enemy 
attempted to capture the Crimea quickly by launching 



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SECURITY INFORMATION -136- 



CONFIDENTIAL 



a concentrated offensive on the Perekop isthmus and 
simultaneous landings north and south of Kerch, In 
addition to Naval Gunnery Detachment 614 and the 
units of Naval Fort Commanders in the northern Azov 
ports, all available naval shore detachments were 
withdrawn and detailed to support the Army. 

The main task for units afloat was to prevent further 
landings of reinforcements at the Baksy beachhead- 
north of Kerch and the Eltigen beachhead south of 
Kerch. In the northern part of Kerch Strait this 
could only be done in the first days following the 
landing. When the enemy installed heavy artillery 
sites and searchlights on Kossa Chushka, it became 
impossible for our naval ferry barges and motor mine- 
sweepers to operate In the northern entrance to Kerch 
Strait which is only 5,000 meters wide. Full-scale 
rninelaying was undertaken by our naval ferry barges, 
which suffered losses in an effort to disrupt the 
enemy ferry traffic. Prisoners' statements confirm 
that the enemy has lost ''ships as a result of our 
rninelaying. 

All-out operations by our naval ferry barges, motor 
minesweepers and E-boats succeeded in blockading the 
Eltigen beachhead almost completely during the hours 
of darkness. For 5 weeks our patrols repulsed all 
enemy attempts to run the blockade. The enemy was 
prevented by our shore batteries from bringing 
supplies by sea during daylight and was therefore 
driven to make the attempt during the long nights. 
Our blockade paved the way for mopping up this beach- 
head, which was a serious threat to the Kerch- 
Theodosia supply route and consequently to Kerch and^ 
ultimately, to Kerch Peninsula itself. On 4 December, 
the Army was able to commence their successful attack 
on an enemy handicapped by shortage of supplies. In 
the course of the blockade of the Eltigen beachhead 
and the sealing off of the enemy forces which broke 
out from the beachhead to the north and attempted to 
establish a now position on Mitridat Hill south of 
Kerch, our naval ferry barges, motor minesweepers and 
E-boats in Kerch Strait sank the following vessels in 
numerous actions i 

8 motor gunboats 

2 M.T.B.s 
27 landing craft 

2 tugs 

2 lighters 
12 other vessels. 

The following were damaged i 

12 motor gunboats 

2 M.T.B'.s 

7 landing craft 

1 lighter. 



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The majority of the vessels carried soldiers and 
material. The losses suffered by the enemy were 
therefore important. 

Repeated bombardment of landing places at Eltigen 
was carried out, thus destroying many vessels and 
preventing the enemy from escaping across the sea. 
When the beachhead had been recaptured, the 
following boats were found on the shore: 

3 motor gunboats 
24 landing craft 

4 harbor picket boats 
28 launches and cutters. 

Thus a total of 96 vessels was destroyed and 20 
vessels were damaged. 

The following vessels took part in the blockade of 
the beachheads 

31 naval ferry barges in 245 operations on 29 days 
6 motor minesweepers in 50 operations on 14 days 

5 E-boats in 6 o pe rations on 17 day_s 

Total ' 355 operations - 

Our own losses amounted to 8 naval ferry barges. 
Two of these ran aground and the rest were sunk by 
mines or destroyed in air raids. Fourteen naval 
ferry barges and 3 motor minesweepers were damaged 
in gun- actions and air raids. 

After the capture of the Eltigen beachhead our naval 
ferry barges maintained further defensive patrols at 
night in the southern part of Kerch Strait, 

Next to defense measures, the principal task, of the 
Navy is to bring supplies across the sea to the 
Crimean outpost. All available naval forces are now 
being used as direct and Indirect escorts of trans- 
ports. The principal task of those forces is to 
drive off attacking planes and engage enemy submarines. 

1 z • Offensive Naval W arfare in 1943 

In addition to the above-mentioned transport and 
escort duties in the interests of the Army, Admiral, 
Black Sea deemed It important to employ all suitable 
naval forces in offensive operations against the 
Russian naval forces and merchant fleet at sea and 
in ports within our range. E-boats and U-boats 
under the direct command of Admiral, Black Sea were 
almost exclusively employed on continuous operations 
for this purpose. Motor minesweepers and naval 
gunnery lighters were employed on offensive operations 
when the opportunity arose. Particularly as a result 
of our E-boat and U-boat operations off the Caucasus 
coast the enemy has suffered heavy shipping losses, 



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CONFIDENTIAL 



and a large-scale landing in the Crimea is now, if 
not entirely out of the question, at any rate much 
less likely, because the tonnage will not be 
available . 

The enemy also suffered important losses of material, 
especially equipment bound for the Kuban front. 
Hence the pressure on the Army, engaged in heavy 
fighting, was considerably relieved. 

In the fighting for the My shako beachhead, E-boats 
and motor minesweepers were repeatedly successful in 
attacks on shipping making for the beachhead. Our 
boats also shelled vessels at tho landing stages and 
destroyed piles of material on the beach. 

In the course of numerous offensive operations by our 
motor minesweepers and naval gunnery lighters in the 
Sea of Azov, the enemy suffered considerable losses. 
The harbors of Akhtari, -Yeisk and Achuevski were 
attacked and the enemy was obliged to call in troops 
originally intended for fighting at the front to 
defend those harbors. 

The reluctance of the enemy to use' their fleet Is 
primarily due to the offensive operations of our 
naval forces. The Russians are not willing to 
expose their ships to the danger of attack from our 
U-boats and E-boats. Hence the desired effect has 
been achieved, not to mention the successes In 
sinking enemy ships. 

Details of our own offensive naval operations are as 
follows :. 

a » 1st E- Boat Flo til la; 

88 operations against enemy shipping off the 
Caucasus coast, 3 mine laying • operations off the 
Caucasus coast, 50 operations In the defense of 
G-erman'-occupiod coasts and the southern entrance 
to Kerch Strait and to protect our convoys, 24 
anti-landing operations in Kerch Strait and the 
Sea of Azov* 

Thus the boats of 1st E-Boat Flotilla were out on 
operations on 165 days of the year. In those 
operations they sank the following vessels: 

1 torpodbboat 

"1 TuT "P' '(X 

.3 motor gunboats 

3 landing craft . 

1 tanker 7,000 G.R.T. 

5 freighters totaling 5,700 G-.R.T. 
19 coastal freighters totaling 8,100 G-.R.I. 

15 lighters totaling ■ ■>;.; 8,200 G-.R.T. 

Total 29,000 G.R.T. 



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CONFIDENTIAL 



b. 50 th U-bo at Flotilla; . 

Throughout the year, the flotilla operated for 
the most part in the waters off. the Caucasus 
coast concentrating in the southeastern Black 
Sea, that Is In the area beyond the range of 
our E -boats. 

In a total of 30 operations, the boats were at 
sea 792 days covering 71,636 miles. They sank 
12 vessels, totaling 29,300 G-.R.T., with 63 
torpedoes • 

Further sinkings; 1 submarine chaser 

1 escort vessel (800 tons) 
1 patrol boat (100 tons) 
1 Q-ship (8 00 tons). 

Prisoners stated that the minefield of TMB mines 
laid off Poti caused the loss of 2 steamers. 

In judging these achievements, the reluctance of 
the Soviet Fleet to put to sea should also be 
taken into consideration. After large steamers 
had been lost, enemy convoys of small ships - 
mostly coastal freighters and lighters - took to 
sailing close to the Caucasus coast. The shallow 
draft of these boats did not make them good targets 
for torpodo attacks* 

°* Naval Gunnery Lighters and Motor Minesweepers; 

18 offensive operations In the Sea of Azov against 
enemy ports and Army frontlines. Six attacks 
were made on Primorsko Akhtari, 2 on Yeisk and 2 
on Achuevski. 

The following vessels were sunk In these operations 

6 motor gunboats and 
5 patrol boats. 

One armored train was shot up, and some large fires 
were started in enemy ports* and assembly points as 
a result of our shelling. 

In operations against the My shako beachhead, the 
motor minesweepers sank 2 enemy M.T.B.s and 
effectively shelled landing stages and vessels. 

III. Convoys ; 

Apart from the shipping to and from the Kuban bridge- 
. head and in the Sea of Azov, carrying supplies and 
■eventually taking part in the evacuation, convoys 
.-sailed to the Crimea at maximum strength the whole 
year through and shipping plied along the west coast 
from Nikolaiov to the Bosporus. Because of the 
threat of enemy air raids and the serious dangor of 



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jUU 



. ,I!I~ INFORMAL! ON -140- 



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submarines and mines to shipping, all ships had to 
sail in strongly escorted convoys, keeping to the 
official swept channels. German motor minesweepers, 
submarine chasers (armed fishing vessels and naval 
transports), naval ferry barges and boats of the 
escort flotillas and Rumanian destroyers, torpedo- 
boats and gunboats acted as escorts and patrol 
vessels. The bad weather in the Black Sea made 
extremely exacting demands on the small vessels on 
escort duty* 

During 1943, 2,050 ships totaling 1,340,469 G.R.T. 
were escorted In the Black Sea. 

Anti-s ubmarin e Operations ; 

Although the need for systematic anti-submarine 
measures was clearly recognized - especially as the 
submarine menace became a very serious problem when 
the Crimea was thrown back on the sea routes for its 
entire supplies - the shortage of suitable submarine 
chasers meant that only limited anti-submarine 
operations could be carried out. Until the middle 
of the year, Admiral, Black Sea had only 2 ships 
equipped with acoustic gear. Prom the middle of the 
year more and more armed fishing vessels and 
submarine chasers (naval transports) were commissioned 
and first employed as ant i i- submarine escorts for 
convoys. As more of these ships were available, they 
were assembled and employed on systematic submarine 
patrol In the waters where enemy submarines were 
concentrated. As a result, 1 submarine was sunk in 
November, and 2 sunk and 2 more probably damaged in 
December. A total of 5 enemy submarines was sunk in 
1943. 

Mine laying Operation 



C3 o 



a. In order to protect our shipping lanes off the west 
coast of the Crimea, plans were made to lay mine- 
fields between Capo Khersonese and Capo St. G-eorge, 
Because of the shortage of mines, so far only 3 
minefields, comprising 726 moored mines, have been 
laid in the east. 

b. Three new minefields have been added to the mine- 
fields laid in 1941 for the protection of Constantza 
because the' former minefields had been thinned out 
by rough seas and ice and were no longer effective. 

c. Five deep minefields were laid in and near our own 
shipping lanes off Sulina, the Bosporus and in 
Eupatoria Bay, that is in waters where enemy 
submarine operations are concentrated, 

d. Throughout the year, Kerch Strait was an important 
center of minolaylng activity to prevent enemy 
surface forces from' entering the Strait. Twenty 



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minefields containing 1,542 moored mines and 306 
non-contact mines were laid off the southern and 
northern entrances, and, after the evacuation of 
the G-otenkopf bridgehead, inside Kerch Strait 
itself, as a precaution against enemy landings, 

o. Seven minefields containing 904 moored mines were 
laid as an anti-landing measure along our own 
coastline. A total of 904 moored mines was laid 
in places considered likely points for enemy 
landings, that is north and south of the bottle- 
neck In the bays of Theodosla, Koktebel, Kasantip 
and Arabatz • 

f, Six offensive minefields were laid in the Sea of 
Azov off Akhtari and Yeisk and off the Caucasus 
coast near Hovorossisk and Poti. 

g. Non-contact mines were laid prior to evacuation 
In the ports of Novorossisk, Anapa, Mariupol, 
Temriuk and Berdyansk. 

In 1945, 50 minefields containing 4,776 mines and 
1,119 explosive floats I.e. a total of 5,895 mines 
and floats were' laid in the Black Sea and in the 
Sea of Azov, 

The Rumanian minelayers "Murgescu 11 and "Dacia", 
minelayer "Romania 1 ', naval ferry barges, motor 
minesweepers , E-boats and U-boats took part in 
th e s e o pe ra t Ions , 

TV • Mine sw e eping _ Acjb ivi ty : 

When not required for convoy duties or offensive 
operations, the minesweeping flotillas concentrated 
on carrying out check sweeps In our shipping lanes 
near the Crimea, in Kerch Strait and off the west 
coast, and on sweeping minefields discovered in these 
channels, Kerch Strait was the center of mine- 
sweeping activity. Here the enemy dropped ELM/ J 
mines and moored mines from planes to cut off our 
supplies to the Kuban bridgehead. Because of 
repeated minelaying In the shipping lanes to Anapa, 
it became necessary for our naval ferry barge convoys 
to sail with anti-mine escort. These tasks made 
heavy demands on the crews in areas where there was 
a great danger of air attacks. 

As small minefields which had been laid by submarines 
off the Crimea and off the west coast were continually 
being discovered, all convoys were provided with anti- 
mine escort. In order to' make a short cut In tho 
Sevastopol-Cons tantza route and to sail convoys on 
different routes as much as possible, a northwestern 
gap was swept through the Russian danger area off 
Sevastopol, Sweeping of a southwestern gap was 
commenced in December • 



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The mines which were swept in our shipping lanes ^ 
near the Crimea and the -west coast confirmed that 
the enemy also used submarines for minelaying. 

The Russians have certainly made important 
progress in submarine training in the past year. 
Some of the numerous attacks on our convoys have 
demonstrated good leadership. Enemy submarines, 
which are still strong in numbers, will therefore 
be a growing danger to our shipping. 

During 1943, 82 submarine attacks were made on 
our convoys and naval vessels, causing the loss 
of 

4 naval ferry barges 

5 steamers totaling 20,064 G.R.T. 
I lighter of 500 G.R.T. 



2 0,564 G-.R.T. 



Air Forces 



Enemy planes were extremely active throughout the 
year. Possessing superiority in numbers, the 
enemy was able to carry out continuous reconn- 
aissance of our bases and of every mile of the 
waters in the north 1 // est or n Black Sea and along 
the coast of the Crimea. Hence the enemy was 
always well informed on German shipping movements 
and on the number of ships in port, and was in a 
position to make bombing raids from their 
favorably placed air bases at the right time* 
Daily attacks on our convoys and naval ferry 
barges off the Crimean coast and between 
Sevastopol and Odossa compelled us to sail convoys 
at night 'in stages. The loss of time had to bo 
accepted. 

The torpedo bombers which with bomber formations 
have recently been raiding our convoys in a pincer 
attack constitute a special threat to our convoys 
in the northwestern Black Sea. This danger has 
become even greater now that the enemy possesses 
airfields much nearer our convoy routes following 
the reoccupation of the territory north of the 
Crimea. 

During 1943, 311 air attacks were made on convoys 
and formations at sea, while ports were raided 
95 9 times.' 

In these attacks, the enemy destroyed: 

13 naval ferry barges 

2 motor minesweepers 
1 E-boat 

8 harbor defense boats 
1 tug 

3 steamers totaling 8,950 G.R.T. 
8 lighters totaling 5,6 00 G.R.T . 

14,550 G.R.T. 



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Our naval forces shot down 52 pianos 

Our naval shore detachments shot down 59 planes 

Total 91 planes 

d. Enemy MlneJLajrin^^ctj^vit^;: 

Planes, submarines and, to a lesser degree, small 
vessels we're engaged on enemy mine laying operations 

The centers of this activity were Kerch Strait, 
where the enemy attempted to cut off our supplies 
to the Kuban bridgehead, off the south coast of 
the Taman Peninsula, to interrupt the most 
important route to Anapa, close to the Crimean 
coast and off the west coast between Constantza 
and Bugaz. No large offensive minefields have 
been discovered. Planes laid standard mines 
(ground mines ) and moored mines and, as far as is 
known," submarines and surface vessels laid 
inertia-contact mines and horned mines. 

The following losses were sustained in 1943 to 
enemy mines s 

13 naval ferry barges 
1 E-boat 
5 tugs 

1 steamer 1,736 G.R.I. 

1 motor vessel 5 00 G.R.T. 
5 lighters 5,5 00 G.R.T. 

5,736 G.R.T. 

c • Summary ; 

During 1943 the Russian Fleet in no way seized 
the opportunities afforded by its superiority in 
numbers. It is not known whether, for political 
reasons, the Russians prefer the presence of a 
dominant fleet in the Black Sea to possible 
successes in naval warfare, and are therefore not 
prepared to take the risk of operations, or 
whether material defects in the ships are 
responsible for their staying in port, or whether 
the presence of our U-boats and E-boats deterred 
them. It is assumed that the inactivity of the 
Russian Fleet may be partly explained by all 
three reasons, 

VII. Survey for 1945 

■*•* T he foll owing enemy ves sels were sunk or destroyed ; 

a * Naval vessels 

Submarines 5 

M.T.B.s 8 

Torpedoboats 1 

Escort boats 1 



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In 1943, 208 moored mines and 59 standard mines were 
swept • 

V • Nava l Gu nnery D etachments an d Naval Shore Detachments 

a • Naval Shore Command er, Caucasus : 



At the end of the advance in the Caucasus, Naval 
Gunnery Detachment 613 reported 7 light and medium 
captured batteries ready for action. The 15.5 
cm. Battery Breslau was especially successful in 
the fighting for Novorossisk, 

During the retreat from the Kuban bridgehead, the 
naval shore detachments did excellent work both 
In gunnery and with the infantry In combatting 
landings and advancing enemy forces. In the 
final evacuation of the bridgehead the naval 
batteries repeatedly intervened in land battles. 
The units of Naval Shore Commander played a great 
part In the defense of Novorossisk* The light 
artillery employed in defense of the port sank the 
following vessels in the course of enemy landings 
in the harbor and inner bay: 



1 
2 
1 
7 
2 



motor gunboat 
M.T.B.s 
patrol boat 
landing craft 
rubber dinghies. 



The units of Naval Gunnery Detachment 614 In and 
south of Kerch took part in the battle which 
finally liquidated the enemy forces who landed at 
Eltigen in November. 

b# N ava l Sho re Commander, Ukraine; 

Three light and 2 medium batteries from Naval 
Gunnery Detachment 614 were employed in the 
defense of the north coast of the Sea of Azov from 
Taganrog to Berdyansk. In the course of the with- 
drawal, the light artillery and anti-aircraft 
batteries repeatedly Intervened in the land 
fighting and air battles with good results. 

After the front had been withdrawn to Genichesk, 
the batteries were employed as Army artillery on 
Arabatzkaya Peninsula, in Chongar and on the 
Perekop Isthmus. They played an important part 
in the defense of the northern approaches to the 
Crimea and repulsed minor landing attempts on 
Arabatzkaya, 

After the regrouping, Naval Gunnery Detachment 614 
became a detachment of 150th Artillery Regiment in 
the Ishum-Armiansk area. Tasks: To reinforce 
the Army artillery in 50th Infantry Division, 



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defend the Chuvash Peninsula and the ferry point 
east of Malaya Peninsula, 

c • Naval Shor e Commander, Crimea ; 

Nothing to report from the batteries of Naval 
Shore Commander, Crimea, It can be taken as 
certain, however, that the well-constructed 
coastal fortifications have prevented the enemy 
from attacking the Crimean coast west of Theodosia, 

a • §_urjCaj3G Jfejr c_e_s : 

As far as is known, the nucleus of the Russian 
Fleet did not leave the bases of Poti and Batum 
during 1945, Destroyer and torpedoboat operations 
were restricted to some long-range sorties into 
the western Black Sea and as far as the Crimean 
coast, presumably with the object of intercepting 
our convoys. None of our ships was lost. On 
6 October, 3 destroyers were sunk by dive-bombers 
after ineffectively shelling Yalta and Alushta, 
Two destroyers had previously been forced to 
withdraw in the face of torpedo attacks by our 
E-boats , 

Apart from individual offensive operations, the 
destroyers and torpedoboats were occasionally 
employed as convoy escorts, especially for ta.nkers 
between Batum and Tuapse, 

Light Piussian surface forces became very active 
in the Black Sea and in the Sea of Azov, They 
were the backbone of the landing operations. 
The enemy used these boats to escort convoys off 
the Caucasus coast and for anti-submarine operations 
near the shipping lanes and minefield operations 
off the Tainan coast and in the southern part of 
Kerch Strait, 

b , Submarines : 



In the course of the year, enemy submarine activity 
steadily increased. Of the 30 submarines still 
available the enemy kept an average of six in the 
operational area or at sea between the base and the 
operational area. Enemy submarines concentrated 
off the Crimean coast, especially In Eupatoria Bay, 
the Cons tan tza-Bugaz area and off the Bosporus, 
The enom;/ is aware of the importance of the sea 
routes to the Crimea now that land communications 
have been cut and during the last 2 months has 
concentrated submarines in the Cape Tarkhankutzkl- 
Eupatorla area, that is, where shipping to 
Sevastopol converges. 



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Motor gunboabs 21 

Submarine chasers 1 

Q-ships 1 

Guar db oats 3 

Landing craft 61 

Total 102 

b. Merc ha n t _s hips_ 

Freighters 8 totaling 13,000 G.R.T. 

Tankers 5 " 27,000 G.R.T. 

Coastal freighters 20 " 9,100 G.R.T. 

Lighters 18 " 9,100 G.R.T. 

Tugs 3 

Various small vessels 52 

Total 86 totaling 58,200 G.R.T. 

^ • Planes shot; down : 

a. By ships 52 

b . By naval shore 
detachments 3_9 

Total 91 

2,050 vessels totaling 1,340,469 G.R.T. 

4 • 21______L_E„ • 

a. Moored mines 208 

b. Standard mines 59 

Total 267 

5, Mi ne f I e 1 d s laid % 

50 minefields containing 4,776 mines 

1,119 explosiv e floats 
Total F,895 mines and floats 

6 • Ammunition used by s hip s an d shore u nits t 

a. Medium artillery 14,5 00 rounds 

b. Light artillery 42, '700 rounds 

c. Medium, anti-aircraft guns 19,500 rounds 

d. Light anti-aircraft guns 520,0 00 rounds 

Total 596,7 00 rounds 

Own flosses due to enem y action ; 

a • Na va l ves sels 

E -boats 2 

Motor minesweepers 2 

Naval ferry barges 29 

Harbor defense boats 10 

Total 43 



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b. Merchant vessels 



Freighters 
Motor ships 
Lighters 
Tugs 



8 totaling 3 0,74-0 G.R.T. 

1 " 5 00 G.R.T. 

14 " 9,610 G.R.T. 



27 totaling 40,85 G.R.T. 



CO?:? 



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