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Full text of "War history of Lee County, Illinois, 1917-'18-'19 : a history of the part taken by the people of Lee County, Illinois, in the World War, 1917-1918-1919"

WAR HISTORY 



OF 



LEE COUNTY 

ILLINOIS, 1917-'18-'19 



A H 1ST O RY 

of the part taken by the 
people of Lee County.Ill- 
inois, in the World War. 

1917 - 1918 - 1919 



Planned under the direction of the Lee 
County Executive Committee of the Auxiliary 
Committee, State Council of Defense, 1919 
Published by Dixon Post Number 12, The 
American Legion 



SAUK VALLEY COLLEGt 
LRC 560[ 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



War Record of Lee County, Illinois 

1917-1918-1919 
CONTENTS 

Chapter I. ........... 6 

Executive ( 'oinniittec Auxiliary C'onunittee of the State Council of Defense 

By Henry S. Dixon, Cliairnian. 
Chapter II. ...... .7 

Finance Connnittee. By Edward \'aile, Chairman. 
Chapter III 21 

Neighborhood Connnittee. By John P. Devine, Chairman. 
Chapter IV 33 

Food and Conservation Connnittee. By L. S. Ciriffith, Chairman. 
Chapter \ ...... . ...... 39 

United States Boys Workinp; Reserve. By L. W. Aliller, Chairman. 
Chapter VI 41 

Publicity Connnittee. By Charles E.^Iiller, Chairman. 
Chapter VII 42 

Woman's County Oi-jianization. By Mrs. Lucile R. Ralston, Chairman. 
Chapter VIII 48 

Federal Fuel Administration. By Horace G. Reynolds, Chairman. 
Chapter IX. ............. 52 

Liberty Ivoan Cunmiittee. By A. P. Armington, Chairman 
Chapter X. . .56 

War Savinjis Stamps Committee and Red Cross. By W. F. Hogan, Chairman. 
Chapter XI. ............. 57 

American Protective League and Four Minute Men. By A. B. Whitcombe 
Chapter XII. ........... 59 

Lee County Chapter American Red Cross. By Louis Pitcher, Secretary. 
Chapter XIII. 62 

Legal Advisory Board. By Edward E. Wingert, Chairman. 
Chapter XIV. ............ 63 

Non War Construction Bureau. By Henry S. Dixon, Chairman. 
Chapter XV. . . . . . 66 

Local Exemption Board. By Heniy S. Dixon, Chairman. 
Chapter XVI. 110 

Medical Advi.'^ory Board. By A. E. Simon.son, Secretary. 
Ch.4FterXVII 112 

Dixon's Yoiuig Men's Christian Association. By E. B. Raymond. 
Ch.\fter XVIII 115 

Food Administration. By A. B. AVhitcombe, Chairman. 
Chapter XL\. . . - 116 

]\Icmoranda of Dclin(iucncy Connnittee 

By Albert I5orst, Chairman. 
Chaptkk XX 118 

Connnittee on meetings and sjieakers. By Henry C. Warner, Chairman. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 3 

Chapter XXI 119 

Town of Alto. By ^1. M. Fell. 
Chapter XXII 121 

Town of Aniboy. By P. :\I. James. 
Chapter XXIII. 12G 

Town of Ashton. Uy Kaljih J. Dean. 
Chapter XXIV 130 

Town of Bradfonl, By Andrew Aschenhienner. 
Chapter XX\' 131 

Towns of Brooklyn and \'iola, coniprisuifi; the Western one-lialf of liotli 
townships. By Oliver L. Gehant. 

2nd Precinct of Brooklyn. By Charles Bradshaw. 
Chapter XX VI 138 

Town of China. By Dr. F. M. Banker. 
Chapter XXVII. . 140 

Town of Dixon. By C. F. Preston 
Chapter XXVIII M9 

Battery C, 123rd Field Artillery, (formerly Co. G, 6th Inf. lUinois National Guard) 

By Capt. Lloytl G. Lewis. 
Chapter XXIX 160 

Town of East (!rove. By Homer Parsons. 
Chapter XXX. ........... 162 

Town oi Hamilton. By H. (_i. Keigwin. 
Chapter XXXI. ............ 165 

Town of Harmon. By Geo. Ross. 
Chapter XXXII 168 

Town of Lee Center. By S. L. Shaw. 
Chapter XXXIII. . . " 170 

Town of Marion. By Rev. C. F. Conley. 
Chapter XXXIV 175 

Town of May. By Rev. C. ,J. Kirkfleet. 
Chapter XXXV 177 

Town of Nachusa. By Rev. ^^ . N. King. 
Chapter XXXVI. . " . . 179 

Town of Nelson. By W. W. Hardin. 
Chapter XXXVII 181 

Town of Palmyra. By Fred A. Lawton. 
Chapter XXXVIII 185 

Town of Reynolds. By M. Sullivan. 
Chapter XXXIX. Town of South Dixon. By J. W. Cortright. . . 187 

Chapter XL. Town of Sul.lette. By \\m. Brucker 189 

Chapter XLI. Town of Willow Creek. By William J. Brown . . . 192 

Chapter XLII. Town of Wyoming. By Charles F. Preston. . . 197 

Chapter XLIII. Letters written by soldiers and sailors while in service. . 200 

Selected by L. W. Mitchell, P. M. James and F. M. Banker, committee. 
Chapter XLIV 232 

List of men in military service and of men and women in Red Cross, Y.M.C.A., 

K. of C. and kindred service. 



INTRODUCTION 

In order that the tletails of the aid given Ijj' Lee County toward the winning of the great 
war may be preserved for posterity it was necessary that prompt attention should be given 
towards collecting the facts that have largely never been made matters of record. 

The part that oui' rdunty has borne in our country's past history has been largely for- 
gotten — except as to a few of its leading men's participation in great events, because of a 
failure in previous years to gather and preserve the nmterial then available. 

The work done by oui- soldiers and sailors in the great war can never be adequately 
portrayed, for, willi tiie exception of Battery C, r23rd F.A. there was no distinctly Lee 
County unit. 

At the present it is |)ossible to state witii substantial accuracy what those in civil lite 
dill towards the wiiniing of the war and that story is herewith presented. 

The ^.Tviccs iicrfonucd in Lee ( '..unty by those in civil life was largely under the .lirec- 
tion of the St.'ite Council ot Defense oigani/.al loll and .■in attempt is made by tins vohiiue 
to make a matter of recoi'd the woi'k done by tins body and also of thewoi'k (l<ine by organiza- 
tions outside the jurisdiction of the State Council of DefeD,se. 

In addition to the foregoing, each of the 22 towns in Lee County has its own story. 
Each Town was loyal, made sacrifices and performed its part of the arduous duties ot the 
times and for the information and benefit of future generations the story of each town's labor 
is here given, written in each instance by a person who aided in the doing of that which was 
done. 

The Lee County subsidiary organization of the Illinois State Council of Defense was 
created on September 5,1917, by the appointment of a committee of five, called the "Auxil- 
iary Committee of the State Council of Defense for the County of Lee. " This Committee 
was appointed by Samuel Insull, Chairman of the State organization, and consisted of 
P. M. James of Amboy, John W. Banks of Compton, Mrs. Lucile R. Ralston, Wm. B. 
Brinton and Henry S. Dixon. The committee selected Henry S. Dixon as Chairman, and 
P. M. James as secretary. From time to time thereafter the organization was changed 
as directed by the State Council of Defense. The county organization consisted of a count}' 
executive committee, with the chairman and secretary above named, and composed, as a 
whole, of the several chairmen of the State Council of Defense County organizations and 
allied organizations. The executive committee as finally established consisted of the 
following persons: 

Name Chairman 

County I]xe(aitive Henry S. Dixon 

Finance Edward Vaile 

Neighboiii I John P. Devine 

Food it Conservation L. T. Griffith 

United States liovs Working Reserve L. W. :\Iillcr 

Publicity Charles E. Miller 

Women's County Organization Lucile R. Ralston 

Federal Fuel A.huiiiisl rat ion H. G. Reynolds 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS :> 

Liberty Loan A. P. Armiiigton 

War Savings Stamps Wm. F. Hogan 

4 Minute Men A. B. Whitcombe 

Amciican Red Cinss Wm. B. Brinton 

Legal Advisory Biiard Edw. E. Wingert 

Tul.evcul..sis Wai- Problem Dr. E. S. Murphy 

Xon-wai- ( '(instrurtion Bureau Ileiii->- S. Dixon 

(•(ininier.'ial iM-oniimy Adnunistration (). H. Martin 

In addition to the al..,ve .lohn M. Ivgan, P. M. .hunes and .lohn W. Banks, aUliough 

The exeeutive coninnllee did nol h:ive ,,e,'asion lo rail lre(|Uenl meetings as the war 
aetivities were eon(hicted ahiiosi eiitHcl>' by the seveial sub-c(iimnit1ees under tlie ihree- 
tion of their eunnniltc c <'haiinien and olhei- ottieeis. 

Coordinated with the executive eonumttee bail working along different Hues as the 
titles of the several liu(Hes would iixlieate weiv other organizations whose (■h:drmen as 
such did not have membershi]) in tin' execut i\-e committee, but whose repmls are coniaineil 
as a part of this war histoi\- of oui- counti-y. Those coninnttees with their chairmen, 
wei-e as follows: 

Local Exemption Hoard Henry S. Dixon 

American Protective League and LoyaUy Com. A. B. Whitcombe 

Food A(hninistration A. H. Bosworth 

DeliiHiueiit subscribers to necessary war activities Albert l^orst 
Meetings and Speakers Henry ( '. Warner 

The chairmen of each of the foi'egoing conunittees or oiganizations have prepaicd a 
paper descriptive of tlie activities of liis or her committee and their stoiies follow each as a 
separate chapter of tliis volume. Some of the ehaiiters are slioit and others of sucli greater 
length as the material available and th(> necessities of the case seemed to recjuire. Without 
exception, however, each cha|)ter jiictures an instant response of the people of Lee County 
to oiu' country's call to seivice and reflects correctly public opinion and popular action 
at the time of a great national demand. 



CHAPTER I 

County Executive Committee 

By Henry S. Dixox, Chairman 

The names of the officers and members of this committee are given in the introduction 
and it is not necessary to here repeat them. The original committee of five appointed 
by the State Chairman of the State Council of Defense on September 5, 1917, met as soon 
as convenient after their appointment and organized by selecting Henry S. Dixon of Dixon 
as Chairman and P. M. James of Amboy as Secretary. They served as such officers 
thereafter during the period of the war. Occasional meetings, as necessity required, were 
held. There was no occasion, however, of holding frequent meetings for the reason that 
the war activities of the County were conducted by the subordinate committees, each of 
such committees being held responsible for the efficient iicrforniance of their duties, and 
which without exception, were well done. 

The Chairman and Secretary of the Executive Committee were in close touch with 
the state organization, both by correspondence and personal interview and when requested 
to do so made recommendations from time to time of persons in the County to fill posi- 
tions in the County organization as it was gradually enlarged to its final size. The Com- 
mittee and its officers framed the county organization in accordance with the plan re- 
commended by the State Council of Defense and a sound and substantial organization 
was perfected which functioned in a most satisfactory manner. 

From the tune the county organization was perfected until the end of the war, 
every call made upon Lee County was promptly met, every money raising requisition 
immediately oversubscribed and a most inspiring condition as to loyalty and willingness 
to sacrifice became evident. 

The results achieved may lie ascribed to the comprehensive plan of organization pre- 
scribed by the State Council of Defense in cf>nnection with tlu' constant, daily aiiplication 
by the right kind of men and wciiiu'ii who were the executives and nieuibers of the several 
committees. 

The details of the work done follow in the chapters written by the respective committee 



CHAPTER II 

The Work of the Lee County Finance 
Committee in the War 

B>- Kd^^aki) Naili. 

The meaning ot Pre.sident Wilson's exjiression that " This is a War of Xations " was more 
generallj' understood when the work heiian of f)ackin!i' up those who were in the service. 
Then it was fully reahzed that a modern war was a war ot the whole ]ieoi)le of a country 
instead of armies. 

It is very doubtful if there was a home in LeeCoimt y that did not in one way or another 
contribute toward the prosecution of the wai'. To many it meant the giving up of one 
or more members of the family; to others the cnitaihiis of the necessities of life and to 
comparatively all, it meant standing by their cnuiitiy with whatever financial and moral 
support they were able to render. 

In awarding credit, those who made the supreme sacrifice, those who gave antl offered 
their lives in the cause of humanitj', have a place in the hearts of their fellow men that 
is far too sacred to be shared b.y others, regardless of the service they may have renrlered. 
But full recognition should and will be given to the people (jf Lee ('dunty fur tlieirsplendid 
and ready response to every call that was made upim them. 

While the handling of the war activities in the County devolved upon comparatively 
few persons it was the moral support given by the people as a whole that enabled the 
Finance Committee to carry on its work and made it jiossible for Lee County to attain 
such a good record in the vario\is campaigns. 

BANK DEPOSITS INCREASE DURING PERIOD OF WAR 

Notwithstanding the great amount of money raised during tlie war perind. the Bank 
deposits in the County increased, and thei-e was no evidence of a sti-ain iipim tlic finances 
of the people. In fact, the contributions to the war actix'ities were cDniing more easily 
with each succeeding drive. 

The Fourth Liberty Loan, the largest that was Hoated, was subscribed <mi the first day 
of the drive. One and a half million dollars in bnmls were taken voluntarily by the people 
who went to the polls and registered their subscriptions. 

On the first day of the Ignited War Work Campaign, which was held Xdv. 11th, the day 
of the signing of the armistice. Fifty thousand dollars wi>re voluntarily subscribed. This 
represented about twenty-five pei' cent over-subscription of the ( 'nunty's quota. 

Fifty Three thousand, nine hundred forty one d.iUars, forty-three cents. (.?o3,941,43) 
was the total subscription to this fund. Of this amount .s(i(),(l() was all that remained un- 
paid. 

The Uniteil War Work drive might well be considered the most successful of all the 
money raising campaigns conducted during the war period. The Amount gi\-en by the 
people was larger than they were ever called upon to contriliute at one time. This, coupled 
with the fact that the war was over and the day for subscribing fell on Nov. 1 1th, when the 
greatest excitement prevailed, was the best proof that the Patriotism of the jieople of Lee 
County was genuine and had the right ring. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Who before the war would t^eheve that $6,319,718.24 could be raised in the County for 
war purposes? This is the amount of money that Lee County subscribed for Bonds and 
other war activities in a period of less than two years. A fact that is more notable because 
the subscriptions were voluntary. 

Lee County had an enviable record in the various money raising campaigns. 

In the \'ictory Loan Lee County was first in 57 Counties of the 7th Federal Resei-ve 
ilistrict of the Illinois division. In the general average of the counties, in the 7th Federal 
Reserve district, Illinois divisidii, Lee County held the 9th place ui subscriptions to all 
loans. 

Lee County had the twellth place of the 2() h(in<ii' Counties of the State that went 
over the top in the sale of War Savings Stamps. 

In Red Cross, Y. .M. C. A. and K. C. drives, Lee Coiuity's record was equally as good 
as in the Bond and War Savings < 'anipaigns 

ORGANIZATION OF FINANCE COMMITTEE 

In the beginning of the war activities campaigns it was evident to those identified with 
the work that raising money was largely a ([Ueslidn of (iiganization. It was also ciuite 
apparent that little help, aside from pubhcity, cmild lie olitained from Federal or State 
organizations. Each County was left to work out its own method of campaign. With 
this in mind the State Council of Defense directed that a Finance Committee be created 
having the following duties: 

"To pass upon the merits of all applications for lict'nst's for the collection of money 
for war relief purposes and advise the license bureau of the State Council of Defense; to 
create a permanent county organization to advise with and assist the various war relief 
organizations in the raising and collection of all money for war purposes, which organiza- 
tion with its records will be available for instant use for any purpose approved by Fedeial 
authority or the State Council of Defense; to keep a permanent record of all subscriptions 
and gifts from each person in the County; and to coopei'ate with and assist all of the only 
authorized war activities in the County." 

The Finance Committee was composed of an executive connnittee of seven members 
and a township organization which included a Chairman and three or more members in 
each township. An office was maintained in the Court House and a Secretary employed 
who remained in the office ihn'ing business hours. 

The Execnti\-e committee which had geneial snpeivisory power consisted cjf the follow- 
ing persons: 

iMlwanl Vaile, Chairman 

John M. Egan, Vice-Chainnan; John Davies, \'ice-Chairman; A. C. IMcBride, Vice- 
Chairman; N. A. Petrie, Vice-Chairman; M. AI. Fell, \'ice-('hainnan; Albert Borst, Vice- 
Chairman; Tim Sullivan, Secretary and Treasure]-, 

This Committee met from time to time, laid jilans for condiu'ting the campaigns and 
passed upon all i)ills that were paiil. 

THE VOLUNTEER SYSTEM OF RAISING MONEY WAS ADOPTED 

Thei-e wei'c two i-easons for the atloption of the volunteer plan. First, the people 
had evinced a willingness to be placed upon their honor and of doing their part without 
solicitation. Secondly, a feeling existed among the workers that the time had come when 
it was imnecessary for one loyal citizen to go through stores, factories and fields after 
another equally loyal citizen to obtain his suliscrijition. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



The saving of labor was also a factor in changing to the volunteer idea. Before this 
system of collecting money was adopted more than five hundred persons in the countj^ 
were obliged to leave their different fields of endeavor to assist in the war activities cam- 
pa igns. 

Thtsc campaigns which lastcil fnmi one to three weeks entailed a great loss of time and 
effort that was needed oii the faini and in othei- lines of i)n)dueti(iii. 

The Lee County voKmteer plan was a nKxhtied idi^a of tiie system in vogue in Yankton, 
South Dakota. 

It was during the secoml Ke.l Cross drive that the vohmteer system was first use.l m 
Lee County. Only thrt'e oi- four t(]wnships tried it at that time and the results weri' so 
good that it was generally adopted by all the townshii)s throughout the country in the 
succeeding campaigns. 

The success of this innovation also attraete<i the attention of the National Ited Cross 
Committee which sent a telegram of congratulations to tiie local l{ed Ci'oss organization, 

METHOD OF CONDUCTING CAMPAIGNS 

A campaign of edui'ation was carried on to prepare tiie |>ulilic for the various drives 
which were following each other with increasing freciuency. The plan was, while in the 
midst of one eamiiaign to ajijiraise the people of the next campaign which was soon to follow. 
This idea pro\cd \-ei>' effective inasmuch as stn-plus money which might be invested in 
other ways was lii'ld in reserve to meet individual bon.l ([uotas. 

During the Third Liberty Loan Campaign the press and the speakers who went out 
through the county told the people to plan for the lied Cioss and War Savings drives 
which were to follow in the succeeding months. 

Through this method of publicity the people were piepared for the Fomth Lilierty 
Loan, the largest Hoated. which was subscril ed the first ilay of the campaign. 

One week |)rior to the opening of the drives, meetings were held in e\er>- township 
in the county at which speakers ex])lained tl.e nature of the work at hand. Four minute 
men were at every picture show and enteitainment, newspapers were very liberal in the 
use of space, and merchants gave page advertisements to the cause. All urged the people 
to go to the polling places <in the first day of the drive and subscribe their quota. 

Polling places and schools were opened on the da.\- ad\-ertised where connnittees were 
on hand to receive subscriptions. In same instances the township conmiittee maihnl 
out the individual quotas, but generall>- sul scribers did not know the amotints allotted 
to them until they went to the jiolls. 

CARD CATALOGUE OF THE PEOPLE OF THE COUNTY 

Pi'ior to the organizing of the Finance Committi'e a recoid was kept of only those who 
subscribed to the various war activities. But as time went on it was evident tliat these 
loyal citizens did not require any special attention to m-ge them to perioini then- tluty. 
A card catalogue was made of all persons in the county who were financitilly able to pay 
toward the funds being raised for war purjjoses. 

This card catalogue contained the names of more than Eight thousand subscribers. 
Each township was treated as a separate unit. At the top of the card was tlie name and 
address of the subscriber; the township in which he or she resided was also given. 

The card was ruled in columns as follows; first column Liberty Loan, second United 
War Work, third Red Cross and fourth War Savings Stamps. Following each drive 
individual subscriptions were jiosted on these cards. The posting involved considerable 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



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e the 


towiisli 


ips we 


re 


rh card an 


a p., St 


ins the 


anioun 


its 



work. A])priixiiiiat('Iy sixty tlKiusaml entries were 
all sepai-ate ami indexed it was slow work snrtinfi out 
sul.s,-ril ed. 

When it l.eeanie known throuuhout the County that this record was lieiiiR kept it aided 
materially in bringing in those who would no doubt liave escaped paying their proper 
share toward the various war activities. The efficacy of this method in checking up sub- 
scribers was attested by the fact that there were only three persons in the county listed 
as delinquents in the Fourth Liliei-ty Loan Cani|iaign, whom the Finance Committee 
believed should have sul-iscribed. 

In the T'nited War Work drive which took place after the armistice was signed, there 
were f()it\'-se\cii delimiuents, a comparatively small nmnl)er considering the war was 
over ;ind the wide distribution that was made. 

The method of handling delinquents was a novel one and is explained in the report 
of the Delinquent Committee. The names of those who failed to subscribe their quotas 
were turned ovei- to the township Chairman who forwarded them to the County Chair- 
man. If the I'inance Committee failed t(i obtain the ilelinquents subscription the name 
was refeired to th(> Delinquent Committee for actiim am! they .seldom missed an oppor- 
tunity to make the slackers see their patriotic duty. 

DETERMINING QUOTAS 

Eacli township in the county had to I'aise its pi-opmiion of the whole amount allotted 
to the county. The pei'cenlage which the townsliips were given was determined by taking 
a mean a\ciage of (he assessed valuation and the population. To make the allotments 
on a puiclv a>^(-se(l valuation b;isis would be unfair to the rural districts. To make them 
on a po[)ulaii()n basis would be ('(jually unfair to the towns and cities. Hence the mean 
average was taken of the assessed valuation (not including Pvailroad property) anil the 
population. 

There was no rule by which individual quotas could be made. The finance commit- 
tees of the townships allotted each precinct or school district its proportionate share of 
the total amount to be raised. The district or precinct connnittee in turn allotted to the 
individuals theii- proportionate share of the townsViip and district (luota. 

Xo .set plan was used in the making of individual (luotas. The district or precinct 
committee made the quota from general information as to the financial standing of the 
person. These quotas were reviewed by an executive committee composed of Bankers, 
real estate men, merchants and others who would be in a position to pass upon the financial 
standing of the individual. 

The laiiness with which these quotas were made was remarkable. Here and there 
was a case when some one was overrated but as a rule the subscribers paitl more than was 
allotted to them. A Review committee was in session at the Court House on appointed 
days to consider the cases of those whose quotas were thought too high. 

The relatively small inunbei' of p(>rsons who came before that connnittee evidenced 
the fairness and thoi'oughness in winch the men on the Township Finance committees did 
their work. These men had their work so well systematized that it was possible to make 
a fairly accurate estimate of the number of contributions to each activity and the amount 
of money that would be raised for that jjarticular cause. 

NEIGHBORHOOD COMMITTEE AN EFFICIENT AID IN THE WORK 

Early in the war the Neighborhood Connnittee was organized. The purpose of this 
connmttee which was conu)oseil of three men in eveiv school district in the county, was 



t as puhlii' -^(Mitiiiu'ir 


1 seen 


cnthilsiaslic ci-owds 




lie iiilcri'st which i 


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1 the Finance ( 'ciini 


illltei 


NciiiiilH.rlKMi.l aii.l 


Fiiui 


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AimImiv aiMJ Dixdii 


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11(1 those liviii.n' ill th( 


' SOllt 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS M 

to promote patriotism and arouse puhilic sentiinent . Wliiie it may not he traced enlirely 
to the work of the Neighborhood Committee tlieiv was a iira<iiuil awakening of iiilerest 
taking place among the people as the war progressed. 

The writer recalls several meetings held in the rural ihstricts (hiiinti the h'iisl and 
Second Liberty Loan drives where there were not eiiouiih in attendanei' to warrant the 
sjieakers discussing the issues of the campaign. 

In the succeeding drives it was much different as |)uhhe sentiinent seemed lully aroused 
and every meeting was attended by large and 

The Neighhoihood Coinniittee because of th^ 
an efficient aid to the iMiiaiice Committee in carrying out its work. He 
organization in each school district they assisted the Finance Cominittee in the dist 
tion of its work. 

Frequently before launching a campaign tlr 
were called into joint conference. The purpose of these confcacnces was to outline th 
plan of campaign. They were usually hek' 

the northern part of the county came to Dixon and those ]i\-ing in the southern and 
part of the county went to Amhow 

The high standing and moi-al worth of the men who composeil these coininittees and 
invariably attended these gatherings was in itself a guarantee of the success oT the money 
raising campaigns in Lee County. It was evident that anything that this group of intelh- 
gent and capable men would undertake must necessarily be a success. The fact that it 
was possible to interest men such as were represented in this iinixirtant work augurs well 
for the future of American citizenship and th(> iireser\atioii of .Vmerican honor. 

TOWNSHIPS VIE WITH EACH OTHER TO LEAD 

Townsiiips vied witli each other in the conduct of eanipaigns. It was a usual thing 
to receive a telephone message that a certain township went over llu' top before noon of 
the tirsi day of the (hive. There were townships SO thoroughly organized that no s|)ecial 
thought was ever given tliem by tliose directing the campaigns. It was assumed by the 
committee that these particular townships would always take care of themselves. 

There were other townships, however, that were greatly l;eiieKte(| by the executive 
branch of the Finance Committee which carried on all their ]Miblicity, mailed out the 
individual quotas and announcements of meetings. 

Sending out notices to delinquents was also part of the executive committees work. 
These notices usually had thi> desired ivsult and aided the township comniittee in bringing 
in the tardj' ones. 

At first in some townships there were factions, wliich somewhat interfered with the 
successful conduct of the work. This was due largely to local jealousies and political 
differences but these were soon swept away by the rising tide of patriotism which was 
spreading over the c(iuntr>-. 

BOARD OF SUPERVISORS AND DIXON CHAMBER OF COMMERCE APPRO- 
PRIATE MONEY TO DEFRAY EXPENSES 

All the money collecte(| in Lee County went to the parlicular organization for which 
it was solicited. 

The fimds used tfi defray the expeiis( 
obtained from appropriations of Two thoi 



he I 


.ee Countv Fii 


lance Committee were 


:l(,lla 


rs (.S2,0U0.()0) 1 


l)y the Board of Super- 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



visoi-s and Five 
Sui)eivi><,rV ap 
necessary. All 
No remuiici-: 
young lady, wli 
of the office. 



drcd (Ic.llars (SoOO.OO) from the Dixon Clianil.cr of Coninicrcc. The 
i-iati(in i( niained in the County ti'casury tu ln' drawn on as tound 

wcic audited by a committee of the Board. 

was jiiven to any one for services rendered with the exception of the 
til her assistants compiled the records and had charge of the details 



WAR WOEK ACTIVITIES 



Campaigns ( '( 


)UNTY liroTA AM(1 


UNT SlKSCHlKlon 


SVBSCRIBERS 


First Red Cross 


« 10,(1(10 (10 


S 12.0.59.10 


500 


1st week July, 1917 








Second Red Cross 


:i7,'0().(l() 


39,747.04 


S211 


May20, 191S-1 wk. 








First Y. M. C. A. 


17, ."00. 00 


20,058 . 2() 




Nov. 11-19, 1917 








United War Work Can 


1. 41,7(J0.00 


.53,941.4:5 


7839 


Nov. 11-18, 1918. 








Knights of Columbus 


2,500.00 


3,010. OS 




War Savings Stamps 


.5.50,000 . 00 


GU2,000.00 


6360 


First Liberty Loan 


(no (luota) 


325,850.00 


Largely taken by 


Second Liberty Loan 


'• 090,000.00 


1,130,500.00 


4033 


Third Liberty Loan 


(;(io,o(io,oo 


1,023,900.00 


7833 


Fourth Liberty Loan 


1,440,^00,00 


1,681,850.00 


7762 


Fifth Liberty Loan 


I,0o2,:]00,(.)() 


1,381,200.00 


4164 


First Red Cross drive f' 


orMcmlu-rslui. 


2,.5(J0.00 




Second Red Cross driv( 


,■ for membership 


15,000.00 




Third Red Cross drive 


for membership 


1 1,000 ()0 




Amount collected by Woman's Committee 






National Council ( 


)f Defense 


9,720.49 




Amount collected Fun 


d for French Children 


to 




March 1st, 1919 




3,20(3.84 




Amount collected foi' 1 


iM-eiich Hospitals 


.575.00 





Del. 



ianks 



S6,316,718.24 



Sununarized Statement sliowing the total amount sub^ 
activities. 

Red Cross Campaigns $ 52,4()() 14 

Red Cross Membership Diives 2S,500 . 00 
United War Work 

(Including K. C. and 1st Y. M. V. A.) 77,009 77 

War Savings Stam]is 602,000 . 00 

Liberty Loan Cani|)aigns 5,543,300.00 



ibeil for the various war 



FIRST RED CROSS DRIVE 

.June 30, 1917. 
. 110,000 Amount Subscribed .$12,659.10 

Number of Subscribers . 500 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



The an: 
II was 



Quota 



KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS 



lit SubsrnI 

«2866 . 59 

143.50 

S3010.08 



SECOND RED CROSS 

May 20-25, l!i|s 



County Quota 


. S37,500.00 


Aniouiit Sulisci 


•ihod . S39,747.04 




Xunilier of Suhscr 


ihers ... .81 


211 


Township 




Quota 


X<i, OF SlliSCIilBKRt 


Alto 




$ 1462.50 


212 


AniVioy 




2700.00 


840 


Ashton 




1593.75 


320 


Bradford 




1256.25 


1S5 


Brooklyn 




1856.25 


300 


China 




1781.25 


234 


, Dixon 




9562.50 


3211 


East Grove 




731.25 


153 


Hamilton 




750.00 


115 


Harmon 




1162.50 


225 


Lee Center 




1200.00 


276 


Marion 




937.50 


212 


May 




768.75 


142 


Nachusa 




1106.25 


185 


Nelson 




1012.50 


108 


Palmyra 




1425.00 


219 


Eeynolds 




1068.75 


169 


South Dixon 




1293.75 


174 


Sublette 




1425.00 


252 


Viola 




1012.50 


138 


Willow Creek 




1406,25 


260 


Wyoming 




1987 . 50 


281 



■137500.00 8211 

Total Amount Sul>scril)(Ml $39,747.04 

Twenty-five thou.Kaiid dollars was the allot inciil made liy the Xational orsaiii^ 
The surplus ivmaiiicd in the treasury of llie hnmclies in llie different townships to li 
to inurhase iiiatcria,ls for llie local Red ( 'niss workers. 

FIRST Y. M. C. A. DRIVE 

Xoveinlu-r 11-19, 1917 
District Quota (Lee ct Ufile) S35,000 County Quota , 817,5f 

Amount Subscribed . . . §20,058,26 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



TOAVNSHIP 


Amount subscribed 






Alto 


$ 800.00 


Marion 


$ 43.00 


Amhoy 


1838.97 


May 


42.00 


Ashton 


1205.00 


Nachusa 


165.00 


Bradford 


346.00 


Nelson 


604.60 


Brooklyn 


423.75 


Palmyra 


952 00 


China 


1045.34 


Reynolds 


541.00 


Dixon 


8717.71 


South Dixon 


215.75 


Hamilton 


104.00 


Sublette 


162.45 


Harmon 


51.00 


Viola 


130.00 


Lee Center 


423.49 


Willow Creek 


535.00 


Lee, Illinois 


532.20 


Wyoming 


1261.00 



(Evidently EAST CiROA-E Township's 
townships.) 



Total *20,058.26 

izens nnist have incorporated in othei 



WAR SAVINGS STAMPS 



County Quota 


. . §550,000 


Amount Sul:)scribed 


$602,000 






Amount 


Approximate 


) Number 


Township 


Quota 


Subscribed 


No. Stamps 
Bought 


Subscribers 


Alto 


S 21450.00 


S 21215.00 


4028 


207 


Amboy 


39600.00 


42125.00 


7234 


678 


Ashton 


23375.00 


30125.00 


4305 


345 


Bradford 


18425.00 


18590.00 


3553 


180 


Brooklyn 


27225.00 


26210.00 


4393 


293 


China 


26125.00 


31500.00 


5116 


231 


Dixon 


140250.00 


134235.00 


22003 


1775 


East Grove 


10725.00 


10660.00 


2124 


183 


Hamilton 


11000.00 


10555.00 


1792 


137 


Harmon 


17050.00 


18785.00 


3238 


207 


Lee Center 


17600.00 


18665.00 


3298 


212 


-Marion 


13750.00 


15825.00 


3082 


187 


-May 


11275.00 


11320.00 


2198 


161 


Nachusa 


16225.00 


17730.00 


2739 


147 


Nelson 


14850.00 


15355.00 


2855 


196 


Palmyra 


20900.00 


20025.00 


3723 


227 


Reynolds 


15675.00 


15705,00 


2749 


172 


South Dixon 


18975.00 


19265.00 


3632 


137 


Sublette 


20900 . 00 


20355 . 00 


3808 


205 


Viola 


14S5(),()() 


13215.00 


2482 


168 


Willow Creek 


2()()25.0() 


21840.00 


3493 


228 


^^'yonlino■ 


29150.00 


17675.00 


3420 
75265 


84 


Total 


8550000 . 00 


!S550975.00 


6360 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 







FIRST LIBERTY LOAN 


DRIVE 




Federal Qu 


Ota 


8o'24S.".() (10 


.Vniount Sill 


.scrilie.l 8H25S50 


Vr 


rst X: 


itional Bank, Anihoy 


,s 


.i9700.OO 


I'ii 


rst N: 


itional Bank, Conipton 




6000.00 


Ci 


ty N: 


itioual Bank, Dixon 




93000.00 


Dixon National Bank, Dixon 




119800.00 


Union State Bank, Dixon 




9000.00 


Harmon 


Bank, Harmon, 111. 




7000.00 


Fii 


rst National Bank. Steward, Illinois 




20000 . 00 


H. 


F. G( 
Tot 


phant Bankinii( u.. West Bmokl 

al 


•S 


11350,00 




:325S50.00 






SECOND LIBERTY LOAN DRIVE 




Federal Qu. 


ita 


S113(i(l(l()-1)() ( 
Xumlier of Suhserilers 


'uimty Quot: 
. . 4033 


I S99(.)000.00 


TowxfSHip 




Amuuxt subscribed 


Township 


Amount Subscribed 


Alto 




•S .'0000 . 00 


Marion 


13350.00 


Anilxiy 




119750.00 


^lay 


15300.00 


Ashtoii 




55000.00 


Xaeluisa 


2(i3OO,O0 


Bradford 




27600.00 


Xelson 


15400,00 


Brooklyn 




o06oO.()() 


Palmyra 


25850 . 00 


China 




50450.(10 


l^eynolds 


3700 . 00 


Dixon 




427350.00 


South Dixon 23750,00 


East Grove 




13550.00 


Sul.lette 


48200,00 


Hamilton 




3250.00 


Viola 


10000,00 


Harmon 




39550.00 


Willow Cr 


eek 31700.00 


Lee Center 




6250.00 

THIRD LIBERTY LOAN 

Apiil, 191S. 


Wyomino; 

Total 
DRIVE 


73550 00 
81130500,00 


Federal (Im 


it a 


81053200.00 ( 


'ounty (,)iiot 


a . 8660000,00 






Xnmlier of Suiiscrihers 


. .' 783: 


i 


T(1W.\;?HIP 




CiuoTA 


Am( 


)UNT SUBSCRIBED 


Alto 




$ 25750.00 




$ 4.5900.00 


Anihoy 




45500.00 




84600 . 00 


Ashton 




28050.00 




47250.00 


Bradford 




22150.00 




22800.00 


Brooklyn 




32700.00 




41300.00 


Cliina 




31350.00 




56550.00 


Dixon 




168300.00 




284350.00 


East Grove 




12900.00 




13050.00 


Hamilton 




13200.00 




19900.00 


Harmon 




20500.00 




24400.00 


Lee Center 




21100.00 




21.5.50.00 


ALuion 




16500.00 




20950.00 


^Liy 




13550.00 




18500.00 


Xaeluisa 




19500.00 




28400 . 00 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNT i', ILLINOIS 



Nelson 
Palmyra 

Reynolds 
South Dixon 
8ul)lette 
\io\ii 

Willow Creek 
WvoniinK 



* 17850.00 
24600.00 
1S800.00 
25000 . 00 
25100.00 
17850.00 
24700.00 
35000.00 

86(50000 . 00 



$ 21200.00 
46800 . 00 
20750.00 
27850.00 
28350.00 
21950.00 
50950.00 
70550 . 00 

$1023900.00 



All town.ships subscrilieil quotas. 



FOURTH LIBERTY LOAN DRIVE 



Federal (^uota 

TOWN.SHIP 

Alto 

Amboy 

Ashton 

Bradford 

Brooklyn 

China 

Dixon 

East Grove 

Hamilton 

Harmon 

Lee Center 

Marion 

May 

Nachusa 

Nelson 

Palmyra 

Reynolds 

South Dixon 

Sul>lette 

Aiola 

Willow Creek 

Wyonnnsi- 

Totals 



■18600.00 County tjuota . S1440300.00 


r of Subsei'ibers . . 


7762 


(ir-OTA 


Amount subscribed 


* 54150.00 


$ 58750.00 


104000.00 


119550.00 


58700.00 


61200.00 


51300. 00 


51350.00 


7075(1.00 


83450.00 


69300.00 


75050.00 


376900.00 


538800.00 


29600.00 


28350.00 


29600.00 


33000.00 


4 1 1 50 . 00 


43300.00 


44800 . 00 


47450.00 


34650.00 


35250.00 


31050.00 


31350.00 


41900.00 


44550.00 


31800.00 


35900 . 00 


56300.00 


57800.00 


42600 . 00 


44850.00 


47650.00 


50200.00 


58500.00 


59600 . 00 


41150.00 


41250 00 


54900.00 


60950.00 


74400.00 


79900.00 


$1444250.00 


81681850.00 


ts, one in South Dixon an 


d one ill I'^ast (irove who ref 



used 



Towxsi 
Aho 



FIFTH LIBERTY LOAN DRIVE 



(Juota 



*13S12()0.()0 
ber of Suiiscribers 

(2U()T.\ 

$ 38500.00 



$1032300.00 



tiuot 
4164 

Amount Subscribed 
$ 43500.00 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Anil)oy 

Ashton 

Bradford 

Brooklyn 

China 

Dixon 

East Crovc 

Hamilton 

Harmon 

Lee Center 

Marion 

May 

Xaehusa 

Nelson 

Palmyra 

Reynolds 

South Dixon 

Sublette 

Viola 

Willow ( 'reek 

Wyoming 

Totals 



Largel- 



$ 73900.00 
41100.00 
36500.00 
50300.00 
49300.00 
273800.00 
21000.00 
21000.00 
29200.00 
31800.00 
24(100,00 
220(10.00 
29700 . 00 
22600.00 
40000.00 
30300.00 
33900.00 
41600.00 
29300.00 
39000.00 
52900.00 

?);1032300.00 
aken In- Banks 



$ 95250.00 
60000 . 00 
38700.00 
50450.00 
103750.00 
412250.00 
18550.00 
17850.00 
30950.00 
39050.00 
28900.00 
26150.00 
31050.00 
25200.00 
41550.00 
34850.00 
35800.00 
32200.00 
12650.00 
50400 . 00 
61650.00 

$1291000.00 
90200.00 



to Victory Loan 81,381,200.00 



UNITED WAR WORK CAMPAIGN 



County Qr 

TowN'suip 

Alto 

Amboy 

Ashton 

Bradford 

Brooklyn 

China 

Dixon 

East Grove 

Hanulton 

Harmon 

Lee Center 

Marion 

May 

Nachu,sa 

Nelson 

Palmyra 

Bevnolds 



,700 


Amount Suiisc 


rilied . .«;5 


3,941.43 






Amount 


Number of 


Number of 


Quota 


Subscribed Subscribers Delinquents 


1563.75 


8 2186.00 


198 






3002.4(1 


4S(i(),s9 


876 






ItidS.OO 


1902,07 


439 






1480.05 


1570. SO 


171 




1 


2043.30 


2239 . 28 


336 






2001.60 


2302 . 00 


375 




2 


10883,70 


15481.81 


2720 




9 


854 , 85 


854.00 


140 




7 


854 85 


900.00 


132 




4 


1 1 SS , 45 


1382.00 


233 




1 


1292.70 


1364.22 


209 






1000 . 80 


1245.10 


122 




5 


896 . 55 


1119.00 


165 




5 


1209.30 


1398.50 


157 




1 


917.40 


966.50 


151 




3 


1626.30 


1824.00 


217 






1230.15 


1304.50 


160 




1 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



South Dixon 




1376.10 


1369.50 


161 


5 


Siihk'tte 




1698.85 


2390.50 


209 




Viola 




1188.45 


1533.50 


140 


2 


Willow Creek 




1584.60 


1922.00 


223 


1 


Wyoming 




2147.55 


3539.75 


216 
7839 






§41,700.00 


$53,661.92 


47 


Interest 


credited 


to May 1, 1919 


279.51 







853,941.43 



The following persons were apjjointed as nienibers of the Finance Committee for tl 
respective towns: 

Name Post Office 

j\I. M. Fell, Chairman Steward 

Thomas F. Kirby ....... Steward 

Andrew Richolson ....... Steward 

Fred N. Vaughan, Chairman ..... Amboy 

R. W. Riickman ........ Amboy 

John P. Harvey ........ Amboy 

P. ]\I. James ........ Amboy 

W. L. Leech ........ Amboy 

D. B. Berry ........ Amboy 

X. A. Petrie, Chairman ...... Ashton 

Jo.sejih Roe.'iler ........ Ashton 

C. A. Hamel Ashton 

Ed Yenei-ick ........ Ashton 

A. H. Moore ........ Ashton 

Wm. H. Hart Ashton 

L. Sindlinger ........ Ashton 

W. H. Ventler Ashton 

Chas. Heibenthal ....... Ashton 

W. B. McCrea Ashton 

Andrew Aschenlirenner, Chairman .... Amboy 

John J. Wagner ....... Ashton 

Peter Kelly Jr. ...... . Ashton 

Chas. Wagner ........ Ashton 

Oliver L. Gehant, Chairman ..... W. Brooklyn 

F. W. Meyer W. Brooklyn 

Dr. E. C. Wliite W. Brooklyn 

Charles Bradshaw, Chairman ..... Compton 

John W. Banks Compton 

S. O. Argraves ....... Compton 

J. W. Richardson ....... Compton 

John S. Archer ....... Compton 

Louis Bauer ........ Compton 

Dr. F. M. Banker, Chairman .... Franklin Grove 

C. D. Hussey ....... Franklin Grove 

Fred Gross ....... Franklin Grove 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Name 
S. A. Durkes 

Earl Buck ... 

W. L. Sheaji 
Homer Pai-son^^, Chairman 

B. B. Fricl .... 
Ealph Hansen 

J. F. Bauer, (liairman 

H. C. Keigwin 

George F. Brooks 

John F. Foss 

W. H. Kugler, Chairman 

Thomas P. Long 

E. J. Manion 

Elmer Hess . . . . 

Kyle Miller, Cliairman 

S. L. Shaw .... 

William Callahan 

Rev. C. F. Conley, Chairman 

Charles F. Wehy 

John J. ]\Iorrissi\v 

Rev. C. J. Kirkfleet, Chairman 

Jacol) Becker 

James Buckley 

Thomas Dorsey 

Louis Faivre 

Edgar L. Crawford, Chairman 

Scott Morris . . . . 

Warren Leake 

W. W. Harden, Chairman 

C. C. Buckaloo 
Henry W. Phillips 
J. B. Stitzel 
Thomas P. Drew 
Will Hartshorn 
:\Ierritt School 

J. P. Drew. Chairman 

Fred A. Lawton 

E. J. McGrath 

Wallace Eatinger 

L-a Rutt .... 

Michael Sullivan, Chairman 

Charles Ewald 

William Ewald 

E. H. Wiener 

J. W. Cortright, Chairman 

Jules Brechon 

Peter Hoyle . . . . 

John Hovle . . . . 



Post Office 

Franklin Cirove 

Franklin Grove 

Franklin Grove 

Ohio, Bureau Co. 

.\ml:)oy 

( )hio 

Harmon 

Walnut 

Harmon 

Walnut 

Harmon 

Harmon 

Harmon 

Harmon 

. W. Brooklyn 

Lee Center 

. W. Brooklyn 

Walton 

Am boy 

Walton 

Sul)lette 

Sublette 

Amlioy 

Anibov 

Amboy 

Nachusa 

Franklin Grove 

Amboy 

Dixon 

Dixon 

Nelson 

Nelson 

Dixon, R. No. 6 

Dixon 

Dixon 

Dixon 

Dixon 

Woosung 

Dixon 

Dixon 

Rochellc 

Stewart! 

Ashton 

Ashton 

Dixon 

Dixon 

Dixon 

Dixon 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Frank L. YdiuiK Dixon 

Fred Hhddcs Dixon, R. No. 2 

Win. A. Bruckcr, Chairman ..... Sublette 

Paul Heis Sublette 

J. P. Malaeh Sublette 

Dr. Angear Sublette 

Forrest Blauers ....... Sublette 

Thomas C. Kelly, Chairman ..... Compton 

John Montavon ....... Compton 

Henry L. Gehant W. Brooklyn 

William Brown, Chairman ....... Lee 

Henry Eide ......... Lee 

P. J. Schoenholz ....... Scarboro 

Lars Rissiter ......... Lee 

P. S. Snyder Lee 

A. C. McBride, Chairman PawPaw 

J. H. LaPorte PawPaw 

Arthur S. Well;^ PawPaw 

W. T. Chaffee PawPaw 

DIXON 
John Davies, Chairman 
Later succeeded by Alfred Leland 
Henry Kenneth A. P. Armington L. W. Mitchell 

W. C. Durkes George Boynton Douglas Harvey 

E. J. Countryman Frank J. Cahill W. E. Weurth 

R. S. Farrand Frank D. Stephen E. H. English 

Harry Edwards Frank Schoenholz John B. Ortgiesen 

Mark D. Suiilli E. S. Rosecrans E. B. Raymond 

Louis Pilclici- (). H. IMartin John B. Crabtree 

]\Iax Rosenthal H. C. Warner E. N. Howell 

C. H. McKinney Max Eichler C. H. Keyes 

O. M. Rogers 
John M. Egan as Vice-Chairman had charge of the following towns; Amboy, Lee Center, 
Marion, East Grove, May and Sublette. 

Albert Borst as Vice-Chairman had charge of the following towns; Palmyra, Nelson, 
South Dixon, Nachusa, and China. 

John Davies as Vice-Chairman had charge of the Town of Dixon. 

N. A. Petrie as Vice-Chairman had charge of the following towns; Ashton, Bradford 
and Reynolds. 

M. il. Fell as \-ice-Cliairnian had charge of the following towns; Wvominsi-, Brooklyn 
and Viola. 

W. H. Kuglei- as X'ice-Chairman had charge of tlie following towns: Hamilton and 
Harmon. 

Lee County's I'ccord in war acti\-ities is one of which her citizens may well be jiroud. 
Li no instance did the County fail to raise its proportionate share of the Stat(> and 
Federal quotas of Bonds, War Savings, Red Cross and kindred activities. 

The next duty to that of taking our places in the ranks of those who offered their lives 
in the cause of liumanily was to hack them up with our moral and financial aid. This 
duty the people of Lee County performed in a hiiihiv creditable manner. 



CHAPTER III 

Neighborhood Committee 

By John P. Devixe 

The Lee County Neighborhood ronimittce. an auxiliary of tlio State Counsel of De- 
fense, was organized in October 1917. li>- AIis. .Id^cphiiic ( 'Imiinji, (nic of the organizers 

for the State Counsel of Defense. Tlie object of the Ni'iiilibdili 1 Couiniittee was to 

promote patriotism, combat disloyaUy, encourage gootl cilizctiship. make ricar lli(> causes 
of the war and bring home to the people their patriotic dutic-; all tlii<iuiili public meetings, 
propoganda and such other means as seemed expedienr. Tlic ('ount)- I'".\ccutivc Ccm- 
mittee, as selected by the State Counsel of Defense, was cdui posed of tlic fdlldwiiiL' incmbcrs: 
Henry S. Dixon, Harry Edwards, W. B. Brinton, F. Cb Dimnnck, John K. Abiy.a-, 1!. ( '. 
Bovey, and John P. Devine, of Dixon, Illinois, and George B. Carpenter of Anib(i>-. Illinois. 
From these, the officers of the organization were selected, John P. Devine ( liaiiiiian; 
R. C. Bovey, Secretary; and John E. Mover, Treasurer. Foi- a time Harry L. Fordham 
acted as Secretary, but later was obliiicil, (in account of oilier duties, to resign and H. C. 
Bovey was elected in his place. 

The Executive Committee formed a complete organization in the ( 'oimty. organizing 
by school districts, three members being selected from each school district. In some 
of the larger districts, a greater number was selected to represent the school district. A 
Certificate of Membership in the organization was issued by the Executive Committee. 

The Neighborhood Committee was the first active organization formed to carry on 
war work in Lee County, and the Committees which were organized later were able to 
take advantage of this organization and use for membership the persons who had been 
selected to serve on the Neighborhood Committee. This organization assisted actively 
in all wnv work, including bond and war saving stamp sales, Red Cross, Y. M. < '. A., 
and K. ( '. campaigns. The organization conducted many meetings throughout the ( 'ounty 
to arouse interest in war work and brought many prominent speakers into the county, 
notably among whom were Clarence S. Darrow, of Chicago, Illinois, and Dr. Hugh Burk- 
head of Baltimore. The Complete County Organization of the Neighborhood, consisting 
of more than five humlred iiersons: 



NEIGHBORHOOD COMMITTEE 

STATE COUNCIL OF DEFENSE 

STATE OF ILLINOIS 

LEE COUNTY 

County Committee 

John P. Devine, Chairman, Dixon E. S. Ilosecrans, Dixon 

R. C. Bovey, Secretary, Dixon Wm. B. Brinton, Dixon 

John E. Moyer, Treasurer, Dixon George L. Carpenter, Amboy 

Henry S. Dixon. Dixon Harry Edwards, Dixon 

F. G. Dimick, Dixon 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Town, school district and precinct organization. 

ASHTON 

Joseph A. Roesler SI. M. BiUmire 

R. 8. Charters A. W. Rosecrans 

G. A. Hamel 

District No. 81, Bowers School 

C. W. Bowvis, R. F. D., Ashton B. G. Yenerick, R. F. D., Ashton 

J. C. Aschenbrenner, R. F. D., Ashton 

District No. 209, Drummond School 

Bart Orner, R. F. D., Ashton Fred Beach, R. F. D., Ashton 

District No. 83, Fell School 
George Beach, R. F. D., Ashton Fred Kersten, R. F. D., Ashton 

J. J. SchalVi', R. F. D., Asliton 

ALTO TOWNSHIP 

District No. 133, Carey School 

H. W. Harms, Jr., H, F. D., Rochelle 

District No. 134, Thorpe School 

C. J. Ferris, R. F. D., Steward Patrick Carey, R. F. D., Rochelle 

R. C. Thorjie, R. F. D., Steward 

District No. 135, Finnestad School 

A. 0. Hill, Steward VAroy Walkei-, Steward 

District No. 136, Steward School 

Thomas F. Kirhy, Steward S. (.). Bannett, Stewart 

M. M. Fell. Steward 

District No. 137, Peterson School 

Isaac Peterson, Lee Otto Wickness, Stewartl 

District No. 138, Grimes School 
Albert Bales, Steward Henry Herrmann, Steward 

District No. 139, Bly School 

Thomas Burke, Stewaid [Martin Bly, Steward 

Peter Johnson, Steward 

AMBOY TOWNSHIP 
P. M. James George L. Carpenter 

Wm. J. Edwards Philip Clark 

William J. Leech A. E. Carmichael 

John P. Harvey Charles Rabbitt 

James R. Kelly Fred. X, ^'aughan 

Frank C. Vauslian 
District 65, Maine School 
John Burk, Amboy Henry Killmer, Anilxiy 

District 66, Union Comers School 

G. P. Finch Carl H. Sart.nious 

Kdwaid l!(.cl,(, 

District 67, Mynard School 

John Wittenauer W. F. Hoffman 

Alexander Saucr 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 





District 69, Binghampton School 




R. Kerchner 


Charles Wittenauer 
District 70, Green School 


William .M.)rrissey 


Frank Meeks 


Albert W. l^urnhaiii 
District 72, Smith School 


William ,lame$ 


Albert Antoiiu- 




H. W. ^^■alters 


HdUy Smith 


District 73, Holcomb School 


Ilerinal Cdnndr 


B. C. Noble 


H. R. Kinu 
District 74, Elliott School 


( lenroe W. Smuler 


John AVhcatland 


.hilin P. Huneyeut 


Frank Enunons 



BRADFORD TOWNSHIP 

District 84, Dierdorf School 

Charles Huyett.R.F.D. 1. Franklin (imve Georoe Mong, R. F. D. 1, Franklin Grove 

L H. Smueher, R. F. D. 1, Franklin Grove 

District 85, Killirer School 

Roland Eisenbers. R. F. D., Ashton Clarence Sanders, R. F. D., Ashton 

Adam Gonnerman. R. F. D.. Ashton 

District 86, Wagner School 
Henry N.'wman. R. F. 1)., Asl,l,,n 
District 87. Hart School 
C. J. Hart, R. F. D., Fianklin Grove Ben Richwine, R. F. D., Franklin Grove 

.John W. Xass, R. F. D., Franklm Grove 
District 88, Eisenberg School 
Charles Wagner, R. F. D. 1, Ashton William Kru.ff, R. F. D. 1, Ashton 

Edward Herwis, R, F. D. 1, Ashton 
District 89, Weishaar School 
Joseph Baldwin, R. F. D. 1, Ashton Gciriie Hann, R. F. D. 1, Ashton 

Harvey Hiebenthal, li. F. D. 1, Ashton 
District 90, Harck School 
A. Aschenbrenner. R. 2, Amboy \\m. E. Jones. P.. 2, Franklin Grove 

George Perry, 1!. 2. Aniboy 
District 91, Wellman School 
John Vaupel. R. 1. Ashton ( 'larence Hart, R. 1, Ashton 

Frank Butler, West Brooklyn 
District 94, Ventler School 
George Lahman, R, F, D„ West Brooklvn Louis AA'iser, R. F, D„ ^^■est Brooklvn 



TOWN OF BROOKLYN 

District 124, West Brooklyn School 

F, W. Meyer (_)liver L, Gehant E. C. Wliite 

District 125, Malugin School 

August Bottner Edwin Bettner Louis Mantaven, Compton 

District 126, Davidson School 

E, A, Miller, Compton Judson Beemer, Compton 

Roy Carnahan, Compton 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

District 127, Carnahan School 

Gn.vcr ( 'aniahan, ( '(unptoii Wm. Parker, ( 'omptdii 

John Hortoii, Coniptoii B. A. Hartley, C'ompton 

Oscar Ikens, West Brookh-ii 

District 128, Compton School 

Charles E. Bradshaw, Comptdii John W. Banks, Coni|iton 

S. < ). Arsiiavcs, Compton 

District 129, Bauer School 

Benjamin I'ltch, Coniiiton Wni. Floi'schutz, Com|)ton 

John Kn'iicrs, Compton 

District 130, Kestler School 

John C. Henkel, Mendola .1. C. Halhoth, West Brooklyn 

Charles Srhmekel, West Brooklyn 
District 131, Foulk School 
Aiihur Foulk, 1{. F. D. o, [Mendota C. A. Jeanl)lane, K. F. D., Compton 

Wm. Schmekel, K, F. D,, West Brooklyn 
District 132, Politsch School 
George Eich, Compton George Politsch, :\Iendota 

(Uist Ensi'leliart, Compton 

CHINA TOWNSHIP 

Dr. F. jNI. Banker, Franklin Grove C. D. Hussey, Franklin Grove 

Fi'ed (li'oss, K. 2, Franklin Grove Earl Buck, K. 1, Franklin Grove 

W. L. Sheaji, B. 2, Franklin Gi-ove 

NACHUSA and CHINA TOWNSHIPS combined 

District 52, March School 
Reed March, R. 2, Frankhn Grove Lee Biink, Fianklin Grove 

District 53 
Edward May, R. F. D., Dixon Lee Witliey, R. 2, Franklin Cirove 

Hale Hartzell, R. 1, Franklin Grove. 
District 208, Sunday School 
Joseph tlilhert, R. 1, Franklin Grove Darnel Miller, Franklin Grove 

Charles Sunday, H. 1, Franklin Grove 
District 54, Pineview School 
Ira J. Trostle, Fi-anklin (ii-ove C. 1-:. Weyhright, Franklin Grove 

Frank Wingert, R. 3, Franklin Grove 
District 55, Nachusa School 
George R. Enunert, Naehu.^a J. L. Welty, Nachusa 

Ira Curivns, Nachu.sa 
District 56, Emmert School 
H. E. Currens, R. 3, I'rankhn Giove Harold Ennnert, R. :], Fi'anklin Grove 

Harry P. S])angler, H. 'A, Fraiddin Grove 
District 57, Hausen School 
^^•illiam Lott, Franklin Cirove Blaine Hussey, R. 2, Franklin Grove 

Harvey Spangler, R. 3, Franklin Grove 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



District 64, Seebach School 
F. L. Kcsselriiig, K. 2. Franklin Ciovc Edward Pomcioy, Anil.dv HI. 

Chiis Hilli^^on, 1^ 2, Franklin Cn.vc C W. Ross, Anilu,y 

District 59, Collins Dysart School 
K. S. Dvsart, H. :]. Franklin Crovf lioy Crawldnl, Franklin (Inive 

H.C;.Pit7,cr, Nachusa 
District 60, Groves School 
Adam ShaftVi', R. 3, Franklin (lir.vc William Miller, R. 2, Franklin Crovc 

William Shaitrr, R. H, Franklin (irovr 
District 61, Samuel Dysart School 
Ed Kn.Hise, R. 2, Fianklin Cmvr l-.lmcr Sanders, R. 1, Franklin ( Inm 

IF M. Miller, R.I^.FranklmCn.w 
District 62, HoUister School 
Lee Wallace, R. 5, Dixon Fduis Sc(,tt, R. 5, Dixon 

.lohn Huyetl, R. T., Dixon 
District 63, Temperance Hill, School 
Frank Mynard, R. 2, Amlu.y Leslie Pankhurst, R. 2, Anilioy 

Preston W.^eol I, 1!. 2, Aml.ov 







DIXON TOWNSHIP 








Town Ccmmittee 








First Precinct 




W. ( ). 


( 'arson 


M, E. Burkett 
Second 


Cuy P.o(,k 


Charl 


es R. Leake 




L. W. Newcomer 


R(,l:e, 


:'t Sterling 


Third 


('. H. Keyes, Jr. 


G. ^\■ 


. (lehant 


George Fiehenlierg 
Fourth 


F. X. Newcomer 


A. E. 


Simonson 


Charles Barton 
Fifth 


Henry Kennctli 


J, ,1. 1 


Reilly 


J. E. Henry 
Sixth 


George Dixon 


John 


P. :\IeTntyre 


William Hogan 
Seventh 


W. C. Jones 


L. W 


. Miller 




L. B. Xeighlior 


Willia 


im Slolliower 


Eighth 


James H. Glark 








.M, .1. 


( iamion 


J, F. Haley 
Ninth ' 


Frank Finkler 


Franl 


c Cahill 




G. E. Miller 


L. W 


. Mitehell 


Alliert Bor.st 
Tenth 


George Bi'ckingham 


C. W 


, Johnson 




Geoi-ge Prescott 


H, F. 


Senneft' 


Eleventh 


George W, Smith 


H. r. 


^\'arner 


(). L. Baird 


E. B. Raymond 



SAUK VALLEY COLLEGt 
Lf^C 56056 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



District 206, Hazelwood School 

David Palmer, R. F. D. Jolin Pratz, R. F. D. 

Tom Prill, levillc, l^ F. D, 

District 22, Bend School 

Harry Warner, R. F. D. :] James H. Leaeh, R. F. D. 3 

Tryoii F. Rosl.rcxA, R. F. D. 3 

District 24, Brierton School 

I. G. Hoover, R. F. D. 4 J. C. Atkinson, R. F. D. 4 

Louis Biyan, R. F. D. 4 

District 25, Oak School 

D. H. Spencer. R. F. D. 4 Julien E. Hill, R. F. D. 4 

District 26, Garrison School 
Charles C. Coleman, Naeliusa Leon A. Garrison, Dixon 

Henry Hintz 
District 28, Burkett School 
Leon Burkett, R. F, D. 5 Ralph Lehman, R. F. D. 5 

Ray Herh.st, R. F. D. 5 

EAST GROVE TOWNSHIP 
District 45, Fleming School 
Wesley Peach, R. F. D. 3, Harmon Harry Willstad, R. F. D. 3, Harmon 

James Whalen, R. F. D. 3, Harmon 
District 46, Murphy School 
George Renter, R. F. D. 1, Amlioy Jos. C-onderman, R. F. D. 3, Ohio 

John Sheri.lan, R. F. D. 1, Amlioy 
District 47, Hubble School 
Charles AIcFadden, Pv. F. D. 1, Amboy Henry Smith, R. F. D. 1, Amboy 

Ed Freil, R. F. D. 1, Amlwy 
District 48, Daven School 
James Daver, R. F. D. 3, Harmon George B. Rogers. R. F. D. 3, Ohio 

Michael Clinton, R. F. D. 3, Ohio 
District 49, Armstrong School 
Ed Armstrong, R. F. D. 3, Ohio George Willey, R. F. D. 3, Ohio 

Fred Bolbock, R. F. D. 3, Ohio 
District 50, O'Neil School 
A. L. Kelly, R. F. D. 3, Oliio George W. Ander.son, R. F. D. 3, Ohio 

George Letta, R. F. D. 3, Ohio 
District 51, Downey School 
Gus Ch-ossman, R. F. D. 3, Ohio Michael Dulen, R. F. D. 3. Ohio 

Frank Blaine, R. F. D. 3, Ohio 
District 4, Black Oak School 
Joseph Meuer, R. F. D. 1, Aml)oy George :Meuer, R. F. D. 1, Amboy 

John McCullah, R. F. 1^. 1. Amboy 

HAMILTON TOWNSHIP 

District 16, McKeel School 
A. A. .McKeel, R. F. 1),, Harmon Henry Johnson, R. F. D., Harmon 

Jo.^eph .Milh>r, R. F. D., Harmon George Hermes. R. F. D., Harmon 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



District 18, Merchant School 

\V. W. Edsoii, R. F. D., Haiinun H. M. Powers, R. F. D., Hamidii 

];(hviii Mail, R. F. D., Harnum 

District IQ, Chapel School 

•lames F.iley, R. F. D., Harmon 

District 212, Keigwin School 

J. L Clark. Walnut W. E. Sanders, Walnut 

II. (i. Keiiiwin. Walnut 

District 220, Hope School 

S. G. Pope, Walnut Jaeol. loder, Walnut 

Gus Kranov. Walnut 

HARMON TOWNSHIP 
District 11, Kimble School 
Ross Enimert. R. F. D. 1 Thomas KaiT. 1{. F. D. 1 

District 12, Harmon School 
Dr. J. M. Lund E. .1. Mannion 

T. P. Lon;.- Iv J. Watkins 

W. H. Kut-ler D. D. Considine 

District 13, Mannion School 

Urban Eakle, R. F. D. S. F. Henry, R. F. D. 

E. .1. Tally. R. F. D. 

District 14, Lake School 

Gharles Nichlaiis. R. F. D. 

District 15, Carbaugh School 

P. F. Talty, R. F. D. A. 1^. Clat worthy. R. F. D. 

District 17, Lyons School 

Henry Flessner. R. F. D. 

LEE CENTER TOWNSHIP 
District 92, Lee Center School 

Charles Hensehel. Aml:o> W. 8. Frost, R. 2, Franklin Cirove 

W. H. Welhnan, Lee Center 

District 93, Inlet School 

John Vivian. R. F. D.. West Brooklyn A. H. Hill. R. F. D., West Brooklyn 

District 95, Ford School 
Frank Foi'd. R. F. D., West Brooklyn Erie T'onaliar, R. F. D.. West Brooklyn 

District 96, Shaw School 

George Frost, Amboy ( 'lem Miller. Amboy 

(). W. Titfany. Anib(,y 

District 97, Wedlock School 

Fred Davis, W. Brooklyn Fre<l Biggart, W. Brooklyn 

,1. F. Bernardin. W. Br.,oklyn 

District 98, Ingllo School 

A. Leffleman, R. F. D.. Amboy Richard Willy. R. F. D., Amboy 

E. E. Tuniei', H. F. D., AmlM,y 

District 99, Vlack School 

Joe Auchstetter, W. Brooklyn P. ( '. Reinliold, Amboy 

Frank Delhotal, W. Bi-(,oklvn 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



MARION TOWNSHIP 

District 42, Keefer School 
A. E. Keefer, R. F. D. .i, Amboy AI. J. Kent, R. F. D. 5, Amboy 

James MvCoy. U. F. D. 5, Amlioy 
District 37, Stott School 
George White, R. F. D. 2, Dixon .lohii Blackbui'n, l^ F. D. 6, Dixon 

:\I..I.Fiel<linK,R.F.D.Ii, Dixon 
District 38, Leonard School 
C. J. O'Malley, R. F. D. 8, Dixon ('.('. Aekert, R. F. D. 2, Dixon 

E. .I.O'.Malley, R.F. D.S.Dixon 
District 3Q, O'Malley School 
Jolni Lally, R. F. D. o, Anilioy Adam Heklman, R. F. D. 5, Amboy 

District 40 MacCaffrey School 
J. ('. Lally. i;. F. D. S, Dixon 
District 41, Palmer School 
P. PL ^leCaffrey, R. F. D. 6, Amboy 
District 43, Morrissey School 
John Farley, R. F. D., Harmon Thomas Morrissey, R. F. D. 6, Amboy 

A. D. CahiU, R. F. D. 6, Amboy 
District 44, Welty School 
Geoi-e Welty, R. F. D. C, Amlniy P. H. Dumphy, R. F. D., (i, Amboy 

MAY TOWNSHIP 

District 75, Avery School 
William Avery John Ryan (J. W. Rarnes 

District 76, Hall School 
Phil Tyall Walter Aekert Fi'ank Emmons 

District 77, Loan School 
James Buckley, Amboy A. H. Montavon, Sublette 

diaries JMcFadden, Amlioy 
District 78, Dorsey School 
Charles IMeLau.ohlin, R. F. D., Sublette Jacob Becker, R. F. D., Sublette 
Charles Eecels, R. F. D., Sublette 
District 79, Fitzpatrick School 
Thomas McGovern, R. F. D., Sulilette W. J. Sharkey, R. F. D,, Sublette 

George Quest, R. F. D., Ohio 
District 80, Goy School 
Fi-aiik Kelly, Sublette Joseph Goy, Sublette 

Joe Schmehr, Sublette 

NELSON TOWNSHIP 

District 6, Hill School 
E. S. .McCleary, R. F. D. G, Dixon M. II. Scholl, R. F. D. (i, Dixon 

HarryFreed.R.F. D. 6, Dixon 
District 7, Cook School 
M. L. Ransom, R. F. I), (i, Dixon A. E. :\Iissman, R. F. D. 6, Dixon 

Clarence liuzzard, R. F. D. H, Dixon 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



District 8, Nelson School 
Hciivv Phillips, R. F. D. (i, Dixon M. » '• Stit/.cl, Xclson 

John Emmcrt, H. F. D., Kuck Falls 
District 9, Walker School 
Jov Atkinsun, X. (_!aU>na Ave, Dixou Frank Fissel, R, F, D, (i, Dixon 

( 'liffonl Poisel, R. F, D, G, Dixon 
District 10, King School 
Howard Swcitzcr, R. F, D. 1, Harmon John Clynicr, R, F. D. 1, Harmon 

.l.ist'phCciiicr, R,F. D. 1, Harmon 

PALMYRA TOWNSHIP 
District 1, Mound School 
William :\[ax\vcll, M. V. D. 1, Dixon .Icsso Sivits, R, F, D. 1, Dixon 

WilHam Straw, R. F. D. 1, Dixon 
District 2, Sugar Grove School 
Keith Swarts, R. F. D. 1, Dixon Frank l^cedc, K. F. D, 1, Dixon 

Frank Sills, R. F, D. 1, Dixon 
District 3, Wild Cat School 
Jos. Prindavillc, R. F. D, 1, Dixon lUisscll May, R, F. D. 1, Dixon 

Herman Hiifthes, R. F, D. 1, Dixon 
District 4, Gap Grove School 
Fred Gilbert, R, F. D, 1, Dixon Martin Lenox, K. F. D. 1, Dixon 

Wallace Eatin^er, R. F. D. 1, Dixon 
District 200, Prairieville School 
Austin Powers, Sterling Wm. Aiidrns, P^. F. D. 1, Dixon 

Lloy,! Shau-(a-, R. F. D. 7, Dixon 
District 5, Oak Forrest School 
Paul Me(;innis, R. F. D. 7, Dixon J. T. Lawrence, R. F. D. 7, Dixon 

Fred Fredericks, R. F. D. 7, Dixon 
District 167, Wolverine School 
Ben Smith, R. F. D. 7, Dixon Samuel McGaffrey, R. F. D. 7, Dixon 

John McKenna, R. F. D. 7, Dixon 
District 205 
Bert Bcede, Dixon Ed MefJrath, Woosung Ed Rhodes, Dixon 

REYNOLDS TOWNSHIP 

District 110, Gooch School 

W. F. Hawthorne, R. F. D, 3, Ashton Nick Shaneberg, R. F. D. :>,, Asliton 

Frank Kersten, R. F. D. 3, Ashton 

District 210, Menz School 

John Drew, R. F. D. 5, Rochelle lunil Bauer, R. F. D. 5, Rochelle 

Fred Weinricli, P.. F. D. 5, Rochelle 

District 111, Hawkins School 

R. F. Patton, R. F. D. 3, Rochelle William King, R. F. D. 3, Rochelle 

Halver Ciittleson, R. F. D. 3, Rochelle 

District 112, Sullivan School 

Justin Henert, R. F. D. 1, Steward Charles Becker, Ashton 

Sto.ldard Dauekas, R. F. D. 3, Rochelle 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

District 113, Weiner School 

Fred Mohlhaiiscn, R. F. D. 3, Ashtoii Ocoroo W. Henert, R. F. D. 3, Ashton 

Henry Walter, R. F. D. 3, A.'^liton 

District 114, Stony Ridge School 

Howard Ackland, R. F. D. 1, Steward Auf>ust Henry, ]^ F. D. 1, Steward 

Daniel Bowker, R. F. D. 1, Steward 

District 115, Miller School 

James M. Xealis, R. F. D. 1, Steward L. B. Aliller, R. F. D., W. Brooklyn 

George Danekas, R. F. D. 3. Ashton 

District 116, Salzman School 

Fred Gonnerman, R. F. D. 3, Ashton George Kurkindhal, R. F. D. 3, Ashton 

Gerald Shanelierg, R. F. D. 3, Ashton 

SOUTH DIXON TOWNSHIP 

District 29, Preston School 
J. ('. Wadsworth, R. F. D. S, Dixon Fred [Manning, R. F. D. 8, Dixon 

Cieorge Travis, R. F. D. S, Dixon 
District 30, White Temple School 
Fiank Young, R. F. D. 5, Dixon 
Frank Young, R. F. D. ,5, Dixon G. B. Lindernian, R. F. D. 5, Dixon 

E. E. Toot, R. F. D. 8, Dixon 
District 31, Lievan School 
Frank Gles.sner, R. F. D. 2, Dixon W. H. Rennners, R. F. D. 2, Dixon 

O. H.:\lissniaii.R.F. D. 2, ITixnn 
District 32, Brick School 
Huliert Bahen, R. F. D. 5 F. M. Royster, R. F. D. 5 

Cliarles Whitehread, R. F. D. ,5 
District 33, Kelly School 
Fred Rhodes, R. F. D. 2 James Bollman, R. F. D. 2 

John Gill.ert, R. F. D. 6 
District 34, Duis School 
Dan Ortgiesen, R. F. D. 2 Sam Forney, R. F. D. 2 

Mathias Leivan, R. F. D. 2 
District 35, Meese School 
Alfred Tourtilott, R. F. D. Charles Pyfer, R. F. D. 2 

John Conroy, R. F. D. 8 
District 36, Eldena School 
Roy Glessner, Eldena John Hoyle, R. F. D. 5, Dixon 

Henry Shippert, R. F. D. 8, Dixon 

SUBLETTE TOWNSHIP 

District 100, Gentry School 
Forrest Blowers Louis Blester 

District 101, Inglls School 
James July Otto Keohler 

District 102, Clink School 

John R. Oester, West Brooklyn Geoige Their, West Brooklyn 

Harrv Clink, Sublette 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



District 103, Sublette School 
Paul Ri'iss Dr. B. S. Anjiicr 

District 104, Austin School 
Charles L. Hatch I'ctcrKol.la .l..hn Dinses 

District 105, Ellsworth School 

Fred Dinges .Martin Miller 

Luuis SchuUer 

District 106, Angler School 

George FauMe, LaM.iiUe Tom Angler. Siil.lette 

Harry Kd.iy, LaMoilir 

District 107, Reis School 

Chester Rapp Frc.l Hrucker Charles Keil. el 

District 108, Bartlett School 

K,l Wolf 

District 109, Henkel School 

John Althoiise. Siil.lette Carl Eeketer, :^Iendota 

Jacoh Aueh.stetter, Men.lota 

VIOLA TOWNSHIP '^'' 

District 117, Dunton School 

William Danekas, W. Brooklyn John Acklaml, W. Brooklyn 

S. E. Anderson, W. Brooklyn 

District 118, Van Patten School 

Milo Stevens, Steward Joseph Carney, R. F. D., Steward 

J. Stiles, Steward 

District 119, Ross School 

Lew Celiant, W. Brooklyn .losejili Bauer, W. Brooklyn 

Joseph Sondergroth, W. Brooklyn 

District 120, Bemardin School 

Charles Clopine, Conipton Hariy Lipps, W. Brooklyn 

Henry Kohm, Compton 

District 121, Webber School 

Charles Walters, Compton T. C. Kelly, Compton 

Bert Hunt, Compton 

District 122, Van Campan School 

Frank Weisonsel, Compton S. J. Holdren. W. Brooklyn 

Julius Henry. Steward 

District 123, Adrian School 

Alvin July, Steward Lf>vejoy Aliell, Paw Paw 

District 164 

Charles :\Iackin, W. Brookl>-n Will Tayloi-, W. Brooklyn 

WILLOW CREEK TOWNSHIP 

District 140, Twin Grove School 
William Hermann, Scarhoro W. E. Byrd, Steward 

District 141, Byrd School 
T. E. Hillison, Lee Wm. J. Hardv, Steward 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

District 142, Rossiter School 

Aujiust Hci-manii, Steward (". H. Rissottcr, Lee 

F. X. HcniKum, Stcuanl 

District 143, Hillison School 

Win. H. A'oslmrg. Paw Paw S. A. Sknuninc, Paw Paw 

Joseph A. .Idhii.soii, Lee 

District 144, Miller School 

Joseph A. Miller, Paw Paw Louis Hecknian, Paw Paw 

Paul Snyder, Paw Paw 

District 145, Moffatt School 

Louis H. Rissetter, Paw Paw Bernard Hopps, Paw Paw 

Elling Petei'son, Paw Paw 

District 148, Lee School 

G. P. Peters, Lee James Kennedy, Lee S. B. Eden, Lee 

District 154, Hollett School 

Walter Benin.oer, Paw Paw C!.W. Sanford, Paw Paw 

Janu's Bend, Paw Paw 

WYOMING TOWNSHIP 

District 146, Beenerville School 

Charles Heeknian, Paw Paw Harvey Rhoades, f'onipton 

James Nelson, Comjiton 

District 147, Jones School 

John Lambkin, R. F. D. 2, Paw Paw (". W. Barlh, R. F. D. 2, Paw Paw 

District 149, Paw Paw School 
J. H. LaPoite, R. F. D. 2, Paw Paw J. A. Wimvu. II. V. D. 2, Paw Paw 

A. ( '. AleBride, R. F. D. 2, Paw Paw 
District 150, Radley School 
Roy Blee, Paw Paw Karl \'olkert. Paw Paw 

Conrad Pfieffer, Paw Paw- 
District 151, Cottage Hill School 
L. C. Yeneriek, R. F. D. 1, Earlville F. J. Trackenhrod, R. F. D. 2, Paw Paw 
Paul Walter, R. F. D. 2, Paw Paw 
District 152, Bridge School 
W. J. Thomas, R. F. D. 2, Earlville Alex Foster, R. F. D. 2, Paw Paw 

W'illiam Teri-y, R. F. D. 2, Earlville 
District 153, Cyclone School 
George Moore, R. F. D. 2, IvirlviUe A. M. Carnahan, R. F. D. 2, Earlville 

C. J. Politseh, R. F. D. 2, Earlville 
District 161, South Paw Paw School 
R.L.Tarr,R.F.D. 41, Earlville 



CHAPTER IV 

Lee County Food Production and Conservation 
Committee Report 

P.Y C. S. (iHiKHTii. r'anii A.lvisdi 

At the rc(|ucst ui' tlic Illinois State ( ■(.uiicil of nclciisc tlu' larm advisors in ort;aiii/,c4 
counties were apiioinlc.l cliairnim ol' tlie I'o.hI I'v.Mluct ion an.l Coiiserval ion (^mnnittrc 

which would need l;c done .luruiii Ihc war pcrio.l. Followina t hcii' sutiscst ion a Lee County 
Conimittce was appointed consistinsi of the follow ini^ men: A. P. Aiiuiiigtoii, L. W. Miller, 
Mrs. Jos. A. Lonii, S. 1,. Shaw, F. N. Vaughn, Andrew Aschenlirenner, George B. Shaw. 
Upon furthei- consultation with some of this connnittee and upon conferi-ing with the 
Executive Coninultee of the ],ee County Soil iinprovenient Association it was atiTced 
that crop produclion an.' conservation work could he carrie.l on more easily and elhcienlly 
by the Executive Commitice of the Lee County Soil Im|)rovem(ail Association than to 

try to carry out ])lans wilh a new commilt rtiamzation, since Ihe !,(■<• County Soil 

Improvement Association hail 1 ein at work since the sprinu of l'.)l(i and their work was 
very largely along tlie same lines which were finally outlined liy the Stale ( 'ouncil of De- 
fense Food Production and Conseivation Di'partmeni. This committee ivpivseiited very 
largely the same interests as were represented in the I" 1 Production ( 'onservation Com- 
mittee just named and the Execuli\i' ( 'i mmitlee consisted of the folhiwing men: S. L. 
Shaw. J. W. Thier, F. D. Gehant, W. 11. Ku.iil.'r, \. D. ( ■ahill. .V. H. liosworth, W. A. Green. 
Active work alon- food production and conservation lines with the primary ol.jecl of 

were held on IIk' firs! Tuesdav m each month and a l.rief summary .if the difierent lines 
of work is as follows: 

Winter Wheat 
Duriiii: ll:e fall of 1917 manv farmers were persuaded to s<iw winter wheat and sug- 
gestions for the growing of this (aop were prepared and ruil.lished, a copy mailed toal.out 
800 farmers who are on the mailing list of the Lee County Soil Improvement ,\ssociation 
as well as all the county papers who made general use of such material. It was not felt 
advisalile to recommend in a general way the growing of winter wheat, since much ol the 
soil of I.ce County is not suitaMe for wintei- wheat growing and during the spring of I<»I7 
ahoiit 4-.") of the winter wheat in the county was winter kilh'd, l.iit efforts were made to 
iiidui'e all who underslood the situalion to put in an acreage of winter wheat. 

Spring Wheat 

It was impossible to .secure for Lee County enough spring wheat seed to greatly increase 
the acreage, since threshing reports show a total of about 7,500 acres of wheat ha\inti lieen 
threshed in the county in 1918 as comj^ared with 3,142 the last census report, in 1!)10. 
]\Iarciiiis spring wheat was univei-sally recommended for spring wheat seeding. 

Barley 

The acreage of barley was also increased very greatly aii<l we were able to secure a 
large quantity of the best barley seed. 

33 



^4 WAR HISTORY OF LEE C OUNTY, ILLINOIS 

Seed Corn 

111 tlu' fall of 1017 it was very evident that the corn croji was not safe from frost and all 
faiiucrs were virgcd to select thiur seed corn and give it proper care with the result that 
those who followed this ad\-ice tlid have suitable seed corn. 

To help make use of the soft corn the chairman of the Food Connnittee aided in sectu-- 
ing about 8 or 10 cars of feeder hogs and over the whole county a very large nunil)er of 
feeder hogs were bought and fed. 

While the use of salt in keeping soft corn was entirely in the experimental state we 
secured the best information available, and sent word to ahout SOO farmers of the experience 
that had been had in the use of salt. 

The Association office co-operated with tin- State Council of Defen.se in furnishing 
farmers of the county with the best available seed corn. We have record of 1,673 bushels 
of seed corn having been ordered thru the Association office and a total of 2,000 Ijushels 
were handled at Amboy for the State Council of Defense. About 1,000 bushels of this 
were used for seed purposes, the rest having been a surplus held in reserve for emergency 
replanting. This took the time of the advisor and the office force for practically two 
months, and meant day and night work for most of this time. WTiile the State Covmcil 
of Defense could not guarantee seed corn that would mature a crop in this locality they 
dill priinise the liest seed available under the circumstances. Three-hundred and fifty 
bushels of the first car consisted of early corn and proved to be early maturing. Of course, 
some of the later varieties did not mature on some soil types altho where planted on com- 
paratively rich ground even the later varieties matured. 

Treating Grain to Prevent Smut 

The usual camjiaign to get the fanners to treat tlK'ir grain to prevent smut was waged 
with still greater effort and very careful estimates show that treating was done on aljout 
2,000 farms out of 2,774 in the county. This means that with an average of 40 acres of 
spring grain per farm yielding 50 bushels per acre, there was a total yield of 4,000,000 
bushels of grain and with a saving of 6% which resulted from treating there has been 
brot about a saving of 240,000 bushels of grain in the county in 1918 which at 70c per bushel 
means a saving of $168,000. While we appreciate the fact that such figures must be 
largely estimates we base our estimates on careful inquiry; on counts of smut actually 
made in the field and from census reports of the number of farms and crop acres in the 
county. 

Soy Beans and Com 

In inis aliout .5,000 acres of a combination crop of corn and soy beans were jilanted. 
This ero)) to be used for feeding off in tlie fall for hogs or sheep or for silate jjurposes. This 
combination crop is an advantage over corn alone from the fact tliat soy beans are a legumi- 
nous crop and furnish a feed higher in protein than non leguminous crops such as corn, barley, 
oats and other grains. The soy bean crop is as rich, or richer, than clovers or alfalfa hay 
and when used as a live stock feed is found to take the place of much high priced feed 
stulT. It was also considered that the combination crop of corn and soy beans does not 
reduce the >-iel(l of corn to any extent whatsoever and that the soy bean crop is a direct 
addition to the anioiuit of feed produced per acre. In fact some growers claim that soy 
leans actually help the corn crop, from the fact that the soy bean is a nitrogen gatherer 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 35 

sc;i.<(iii. S(iy liciiii scimI was xM-iuvd for most nl' the faiUR'is firuwiiiti this crop dining the 

Ariry Worms 

It was foniid (hu-inc- harvest time that army worms were eausing considerahle tronhle 
in (hfferent [larts o{ the cdmity. namely, in the virinities of Paw Paw, Lee, Scarimro, 
and Walnut. The farmers who re|)oi-ted troiihle were consviUed with and Mr. Sehali'k, 
Assistant State Entomologist was called in consultation. In somi^ cases it was found 
that the oat crop was completely destroyed. In cases whei-e the oats were destroyed 
and there was not much danger of the aini>- woinis traveling to a neai- liy coin held it was 
recommended no action be taken. In some cases, however, the farmers were advised 
to plow a furrow along the corn fiehl and sink post holes in the lioitom of tlie furrow at 
intervals of about a rod. In most cases where this was done and followed up the army 
worms were halted. It was found that from one-half to two-thirds of the arm>- worms 
were effected with parasites which is a natural means of control and one which keeps the 
worms in check in an average season. This year damage was foiuid to oc<-ur in very 
heavy fields of oats that had lodged and on comparatively low ground. 

Farm Labor 

During the harvest season the counmttee cooperated with the State Comicil of Defense 
of P"arm Labor .Vdnnnistration and with llie help of a rc|)rescntat ive from the adiriinistra- 
tion each town in the county organized to the extent that practically all business men 
agreed to spend a part of a day or even all day in the harvest fields. Our records show 
that at least 370 different men were supjalied to assist in harvesting the crops and that 
many of these men went out a mnnber of different times altho no reconl was ki'iit of the 
number of different places went. Some i-ities and villages turned out almost to a man 
during the afternoon or early evening. Included in the 37U different luen are aliout 70 
men from Chicago and other cities wdio came out principally for their vacation period 
to work on the farm. Naturally some of the.se men did not make good since thej' were 
inexperienced or not used to heavy work but as a rule tliey helped considerably in the 
harvest fields. The chairman of the Lood Production and Conservation Committee until 
July 1918 acted as county food administrator at which time it was felt that the work 
could not be properly handled along with the other necessary woik to be done and for 
that reason the work of County Food Administratorshi]") was turned o\'er to A. H. Bos- 
worth, Dixon. During the spring and summer of HMS the food administration asked 
that each county conduct a grain saving campaign, and to carry this otit a meeting of the 
threshermen was called for July 6, 1918 at whii'h time suggested rules wei'e presented to 
the threshermen who veiy genei'ally agreed to carry out all rul(>s as outlined which were 
as follows: 

1. Correct placing an.l leveling of machine. 

2. Proper sjieed of cylinder and machine. 

3. Proper wind adjustment. 

4. Proper riddle adjustment. 

5. Careful feeding of machine — posters. 

6. Threshing grain in good condition only. 

7. LTse of canvas under feeder and other places where grain collects. 

8. Careful repair of engine and machine before starting. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Other Precautions which should be Followed. 

1. Use of tight flour larks. 

2. Use of canvases to cover racks if necessary. 

3. Sweeping racks after unloading. 

4. Careful pitching and loading. 

5. liakiiiti' of shock rows, and fields if necessary. 

6. ( 'areful handling of grain after t hrcsliinu'. 

7. Use of canvas or tarjiaulins to cover loads in case of storm and over night to allow 
early start. 

8. Threshing until 7:00 p. m.. new time. 

9. Use of basket racks- and no ]>itchcrs, to save lalxjr. 

10. Careful cleaning up around machine. 

11. Care in not mixing varieties of grain that may and should be suitable for seed. 
Especially is this true of wheat, rye, barley and early oats. 

12. Securing and saving grain for seeding piu'poses. 

i:>. Practice of help going home to supper is strongly recommended and found satis- 
factoi>- in most localities where tried. 

14. Reporting to County Committee any serious violations of rules ado]ited by local 
runs or recommended by the V. S. Food Administration. 

Authority was voted threshermen to save grain in any \va>- j-xissible. 

A county Ihivshing committee was also appointed to which any violations were to 
l)e reijoiicd. This committee to interpret the rulings and decide on cases as they deemed 
proper. It may be said that many controversies were reported, very few of which came 
under the jurisdiction of tlic tincshing committee, altho many cases were decided to the 
best of their ability. It seemed that many local neighborhood difficulties were brot to 
the attention of the coimmttee only to be referred back for settlement by the parties 
coneeiiied, since lime and efToi't necessary to decide them could not be sacrificed where 
real giain saving was not in\dl\ed. 

A\liile it is very difficult to deteiinine the amount of grain saved the general opinion 
seems to be that most runs impidxcd yrvy uicatly upon wf)i'k in previous years. 



Poultry Demonstrations 



In Older to 


assist fannei-s in ni 


aintaining iioultiy a 


11(1 egg 1 


)roduction on an 


economical 


and iiei'liaps in 


creased basis Mr. 1 


M-ank L. I'latt, extei 


ision Po 


ultrv HusbandiiK 


HI. assisted 


in demonstrati 


ng the <'ulhng of t 


he poult rv flock at 


aU difh 


•rent i)laces in 1 


.ee County 


and a great ami 


lunt of intei-esi \va- 


■ aiouseil in this line i 


.f work. 


Some results of 


this culling 


work jiroved tl 


lat about 40', of t 


he flock were non-p 


roducers 


and were moic 


valuable on 


the market (h: 


m in Ihe tiock. 











Lee County Boys' and Girls' Pig Club 

Thru the efforts of the Lee County P,reeder's.Vss,Haalion an. 1 I he chairman <if the I'oo.l 
Product!, ,n aial Cons.'ivat i,,n Committe.. a Lee ( ounty Hoys' and Cirls' Pig Club was 

interest in tlie product ion of more and better pork and would make of the i.ioys and girls 
that lool< part, interi'sted |)roducers of live stock. A total of 56 boys and girls took up 
this work and thru \\\i' co-op(>ration of the breeders of the coimty pure bi-ed pigs were 
furnished to each boy and girl at a cost of about .§15 to each. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Mr. H. P. Hilhish was sr.uiv.l as .■c.unty clul, leader and in additu.n \u \Ur pi- clul. 
project lie was al>le to ilo a .liivaf deal of demonstrating and orpinizal ion woik in the can- 
ning of fruits and ve-etal.hs. Durilifi the hdl the boys and jiuls piiis were exhiliite.l 
and sold at puMie auelion at an averaiie inice of Sll.') each, which, of course, made a veiy 
neat profit to each hoy and uiil. Later indications have shown tliat not only .lid this 
work stimulate a very ke.ai interest on the part of the hoys and -ills, l.iil h.'Iped to bring 
about that same interest in the lathers and mother- and as a result one mother and her 
1 oys have gone into the hog 1 iisiness in addition to the work which is b.aiig well done 
iiy the father. 

Cow Testing Associations 

The Palmyra Cow Testing Association is on its second year of work and has aided 
the members very materially in better feeding, management, and general production 
methods. Efi'orts were madi' to organize a second cow testing association with the result 
that perhaps eiairgh meml ers can 1 e secured during the winter of 191S-1919 to complete 
the organization. It is possible tl;al by means of the cow testing association, ami perhaps 
in no other way as a general rule at h'ast, the non-productive cow may lie weeded out 
and finally bring about the selection of the high pn.ihicing and .■conomical herd. 

National Farm Loan Association 

Assistance was given in the organization of lln' Lee County Farm Loan Association 
and two meetings were held at which Carl Iv IL-iikins. Vice President of the Fe.leral 
Farm Loan I?ank of St. Louis, dis,aissed the benefits of the l"arni Loan Associations. 



Exhibit at County Fair 

At the Lee County Fair an exhibit was made by the association. .\ miniatm-e farm 
of 160 acres was i)latted showing the growing .a-ops in rotation with buildings and fences 
all com|)lete. This exhibit attracted marked attention and was conimented on very 
favorably by the thousands of people who visited the exhibit. A plal of the farm and 
a des.aiption of tla^ farming system was mailed to each membia' shortly after the Fair 
which will give those interesteil an opportunity to stu.ly cnit an imiiroveil system on their 

were as follows: Wheat rust, with a plea to kill all common barberry which serves to 
spread wheat rust; corn ready for seed gathering, and a summary of the number of farmers 
ordering seed corn thru the Association, numbering 316 with a total of 1,673 bushels of 
seed corn or.havd; and an exhibit showing the result of 6 years soil treatment at the Dixon 
Experiment Field. A maii of the county showing the location of the members; charts 
showing the need of keeping farm accounts and some samiile account books; an exhibit 
showing army worms and parasites which help keep this jiest in chei'k. also damage done 
by the army worm in Lee County. Soy beans showing ino(ailated an<l uniiKKailated plants 
and the material needed for treating grain to prevent smut were all on display. The 
whole exhibit was iiut on in a 30x40 tent with stenograiiher's desk and appropriate signs. 



Meetings 

A numlier of county and state meetings pertaining to Food Production and Conserva- 



OS WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

tion woik were :ittcii<lc(l liy tlic rhaiiinaii and in some cases l)y other meniljers of the 
conunittce simic of which were as follows: 

Dixon, Conference with Walter Cradle, District Food Administrator. 

Urbana, War Conference, February 2. 

Urbana, Conference, March 23. 

Rockford, Food Administration meeting. 

Chicago, Seed corn administration conference. 

Urbana, Food Production Conference. 

Dixon, Farm Labor meeting. 

Rockford, County Food Administration conference. 

Amboy and Dixon, Farm Loan Association meeting. 

Chicago, Seed Corn Administration matteis. 

Amboy, Thresh.'vmen's Meeting. 

Man>- other Lee County Soil Association meetings dealing largely with crop production 



i)iiiiiniiii< 


"itidii 


of l-Cfllt 


.late, 1 


■(■(|iicstinK a 


liKIXC 


iM'Si-: 


mi:, HI, 


,lrr F,.. 


l.aal jurisili 


ly, Illiiio 


is, :ni(l 


l.cti t.i s 


uliinit 1 


he Idiliiwin; 


> into till 


,■ Woil 


a War, : 


lllil llIK 


Icr the <lin 



CHAPTER V 

United States Boys' Working Reserve 

ByL, W. :\Iillkk 

Dixoij, HI., Jan. 27, U 
H(,n. Kdwanl \ailc, 

( 'hainnan Finance Connnittee, 

State Council of Defense, 
Dixon, Illinois. 
Dear Mr. A'aile: 

I acknowled-c the receipt of your 
survey of the work <if the HOYS' W< 
(Umuii the past two yeais, in Lee Con 

Fpon the entry of the rnite.l Stat 
of the United States Department of Lahoi', a plan was evolve.l which aiineil to train the 
hoy to do his part in winning the wai'. 

Ill 1917, more than a score of boys were registered in Lei' ( 'ouiit>-, in tins organization, 
not counting scores of others who performed a similar s(>rvice, Imt who weic not registered 
in this organization. These boys made good on the job,— several of whom hail no training 
for the work of the farm. Many farmers who were skeptical at first found out that city 
boys were bright and quick to learn, and these farmers were glad to assist such boxs to 
make good. Most of the boys enjoyed the freedom and indeiiendence of farm life, and 
its wholesome surroundings. Despite the haid work and long hours, they went over the 
top with the work with flying colors, and retui'iied to school in the fall benefited in health 
and character, and with the satisfaction of having done an imi)ortant i)atriotic work foi' 
their country. 

President Woodrow Wilson; Governor Frank ( ). Lowden of Illinois; Honoiable Samuel 
InsuU, ChEiiman of tlie State Council of Defense; Honorable Francis (1. Hlair, State 
Superintendent of Public Instruction in Illinois; Honorable Burridge D. Butler, Federal 
State Director of the Boy's Working Reserve in Illinois; and many another distinguished 
personage, through the agency of public letters, and inoclaniations gave impetus to the 
plan, which was a call to the youth of America, — not for military or naval s(>rvice, but 
to enroll such boys for essential productive industry to helji to win the war, that the world 
may now, and hereafter be safe for Democracy. 

The plan of 1918 assumed additional organization features. Boys from sixteen to 
twenty years of age volunteered and were enrolled in the U. S. Boys' Working Reserve, 
placing themselves at the disposal of the non-military authorities for work, — particularly 
in the food producing occupations. Those who elected to leave school prior to the ter- 
mination of the regular school year, were granted school credit, under the rules of super- 
vision, for such school work as was actually missed. All of these volunteers were encour- 
aged to wear conspicuously the lapel button of the "Reserve", as a badge of special des- 
ignation. More than ever, city boys and country boys toiled side by side in the fields 
and gardens, — happy and content to do their bit for universal freedom, — regarding it as 
a privilege to assist in minimizing hunger among the nations of the world who so stead- 

39 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



lastly persevered in liberty's cmise. ( )ii an averaRe, llu" hoys received ahodt thirty dollars 
per month for their work. 

Illinois thrilled as never hefore, in siinilai' manner, at the voluntary and willing sacri- 
fices of these palri<itic l.oys who provided a .lienerous pai't in supplying the power that 
daily flung the l.altle line forward. Hoys who worked six weeks in either year were 
awarded a bronze Federal medal; thosi' who woikcd twchc weeks were awarded an added 
"Honorable Service" bar, or medal, to be woiii with ilic regulation medal. 

These medals are a work of ai't, and hear the .'^erial number of the year's is.sue on the 
"Honorable Service" bar or medal. 

Nearly one hundretl hfty hoys, to date, are the proud posse.ssers of the bronze medals, 
and nearly one hundred of these are eligible to receive I he addet' honor, when the .service 
bars are distributed direct from Washington. 

With the money earned in this way, man\- bows houglit thrift or war savings stamps 
and bonds, and paid for them in full. ' ' ' ' 

All honor to these manly, unselfish, |)alriotic boys! Some of their heroic brothers 
lie asleep among Picardy's poppies, and elsewhere in " No Man's Land. " Some are maimed 
and some have already returned to their homes, crowned with the laurels of a grateful 
nation, and nations. Both the heroes and their toiling brothers merit our highest at- 
tention in these annals, and oiir most earnest compliment and (■onsi)i(nious mention is 
herewith accorded to them. 

The Boys' Working Reserve will be perpetuated during 1919, at least. Boys will 
be permitted to wear a uniform, suitably designed by competent authority, and approved 
by the Federal authorities. The plan of enrollment and detail of procedure for service 
will remain pi-actically miclianged. 

\'ery icsjiect fully yours, 

L. W. Millf:r 
Lee County Director, U. S. Boys' Working lieserve 



CHAPTER VI 

Publicity Committee 

\i\ ( IIAHLKS E. ?\IlLLKH 

The UHUil crsof this (•(.iniiiit tec, Charles E. Miller, Chairiiian, Dixon :( u'driic B. Shaw, 
Dixdu; A. M. Clapp. Dix.in; C. W. Caiiientrr. AimIh.v: i:. E. CuHin, Paw Paw; Halpli 
Dean. Aslit..ii; and ISclla \l. lE.l.lcrinaii. Kraiiklni Cr^.v. served durinii the entire war 
activity. The newspapei's ef I.ee County eeHauily did thiar pare Day aftei' day they 
gave prominent places to any mattei- pei-tainiiii; to wai' work. .Vnd the citizens of Ei'e 
Connty must naturally ieel pioud of the loyally to the .troverinnent liy the l>ee County 
Press. The work of this coninnttee was conducted throiijih the two years without a cent 
of expense. The members willinLd\- did their own work, hired no sleno,ma.phers. and feel 
proud that every drive for funds whether it was Ped Cross. V. M. C. A.. K. of C.. or Lihertv 
I,<,an went -Over the Top. " 

Credit must he uiven to the many speakers <.'cnerall\- known as four minute men, 
who cheerfully gave their time in explaining to the puMic the reasons for the ditf'erent 
campaigns for funds. 

Three newspaper reporters, who now are connected with the Dixon Telegraph, deserve 
special mention, E. E. Holdredge. ]■]. L. Eiillmer and Preston. The chairman of this 
committee called upon them man>- times for s)iecials and they always came through with 
a good lug write up aiid featured anything which would help the cause. The "lioys" 
who went acro.ss did the work, we di.l onlv our dutv. 



CHAPTER VII 

Woman's County Organization 

By ]\Irs. Lucile Kkyx(.)LI).s Ralston, Chairnian 

Dixdii, Illinois, June 20111, 1919. 

Review of the Work of the Woman's Coniniittee Council of National D(>fensc, Illinois 
Division, Lee County I'nit. 

The Woman's Coiumittee C'ouneil of National Defense, Lee County Unit was organ- 
ized under the direetion of State Chairman, Mrs. Joseph T. Bowen, in September 1917. 
Mrs. Douglas G. Harvey, in the absence of Mrs. John G. Ralston, perfected a County 
Organization which consisted of a ( h.-iirman appointed in each of the Twenty-two Town- 
ships of Lee County. From the date this ( )rtiaiiizatioii was started \uitil it was disbanded 
a complete County Organization was maintained, with liut one change in the personel 
of the Township branches during the entii-e period of the war. 

The aim of the Women's National Committee was to organize completely over the 
I nited States and to be ready to meet any emei'gency or perform any War Service that 
was asked by our Covermnent. 



The Lee County Officers: 

Honorary Cliairman .... ;\Irs. Dorothy N. Law 

Chairman Mrs. John G. Ralston 

Associate Chairman .... :\Irs. Douglas G. Harvey 

Vice-Chairman :\Irs. W. E. Weurth 

Secretary & Treasurer .... Mrs. A. P. Armington 
Conservation Chairman . Mrs. J. :\I. Batchelder, Miss Mary Wynn 
R(>gisirntinii Cli:drman Mrs. Kittie Ballou, Mrs. Louis F. Cooling 

Child W'elfai'e ( 'hairman .... Mrs. Harry Warner 

Social Service Chairman .... [Mrs. E. A. Clevidence 



Allied Relief Officers 

Chairman . . Mrs. Douglas ( i. Harvey, Mrs. John G. Ralston 

County Civilian Relief Chairman :\Irs. W. C. McWethy 

Dixon Township Hospital Garments Chairman Mrs. A. H. Nichols 

City Civilian Relief Chairman ... Miss Ada Decker 

Knitting Department . Miss Mary Mcjiiison, ;\Iiss Rosamia Dement 
County Surgical Dressings Chairman Mrs. W. F. Strong 

Fatherless Children of France Chairman Miss Annetta Dimick 

Miss Helen M. Brown 
Fatherless Children of France \'ice ( 'hairman . Mrs. J. A. McEntee 
Donations for French Hosi)itals Mrs. W. G. Kent 

Italian Relief Chairman .... Mrs. T. J. Gullion 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Township Chairmen 

South Dixon, -Mrs. Harry Byers Ncls,,ii. Mrs. Clarciire Stitzel 

Wyoming, ^Mrs. J. B. Dougherty Willow Creek, Mrs. W. J. Brown 

Alto, Miss Dorothy Barnett China, Mrs. F. M. Banker 

Lee Center, Mrs. S. L. Shaw Suhlette, Mrs. George Lauer 

Harmon, Mrs. George Ross Palmyra, Miss Louella Powers 

East Grove, Mrs. Homer Parsons A I ay. Mis. Frank Emmons 

Brooklyn, Mrs. E. C. White Hainili.ni. Mrs. H. G. Keigwin 

Ashton, Mrs. C. F. Griffith \u>Ia. Airs. Cieorge Weber 

Marion, Mrs. John Morrisey Kc^noltls, Mrs. Michael Sullivan 

Bradford, Mrs. Fred Wagner Compton, Mrs. Daisy Paine 

Amboy, Mrs. Josephine Ziegler and Mrs. C. T. Barnes 
Nachusa, Mrs. R. E. Herbst and Mrs. Fred K'iiig 
The first service the Government requested of tlu' ^^'(lman's ( 'iimniittee was a (•omplfte 
registration of all women. It was a census which gave the capabilities of each woman 
on a Card Index Form wdiich classified women into various groups, including those who 
could serve as stenographers, post office clerks, overseas telephone operators, professional 
nurses, and those desiring to enter hospitals for training, women willing to do industrial 
work as also those desiring to serve over seas, even to the Home Knitter or the woman 
who coidd g\yc two to four hours a day to sewing, and lastly those who were entirely 
occupied, yet wanted lo be on this War Registration and who registered as loyal American 
Women. And this Card Index was not only used by Local L^nits but when reciuests 
would come for certain work from State or National Committees these lists were effect- 
ively used. These files were also used by Government Officials in locating unpatriotic 
citizens, there being attached to this Card Index a list of the name.s of women who did not 
register. This census is now being held by the former Chairman in each Township and is 
accessil)le through her. The total number of women registering in Lee County was 5,64L 
It was imperatively necessary that eveiy woman in Lee County do some War Work, 
or otherwise the landen would fall very heavil>- on a fi'W. Women everywhere were willing, 
and all that was needed was a complete (Hiianizatidii in every Township so that meetings 
to do Relief Work for Men in Service mitihi be carried on. To this end we organized 
our Allied Relief Unit under the Illinois Chaiiniaiishii) of Mrs. Russell Tyson of Chicago. 
Upon Mrs. Tyson's visit to Dixon to organize oui- Unit our connnittee was told of the 
twelve or fifteen Countries that neede.l aid, and from this list wi' selected France, and the 
American Fund for French Woundetl, which was duly authorized in this country and which 
worked under the Service de Sante of France. We chose this service because it enabled 
us to work for the French soldier, who was at that time holding the line until our army 
in numbers could get there, as well as otir own American Boys. French Hospitals, where 
our supplies were sent, were filled with American Wounded and it was in this way that 
our surgical dressings, shirts, knitted goods and hospital supplies reached our American 
Boys. In fact, the first Lee County boy who gave his life died in a French Hospital. 
The National Council of American Fund for French Wountled worked very closely with 
the heads of the Red Cross in New York, and it should be stated that the American Fund 
for French Wounded shipped through thi' American Reil ( idss Trans- Atlantic Service 
up until the early part of 1919. It was only in a few isolated cases where these services 
did not work together. 

We first established headcuiarters in the Countryman Building later for a short time 
the Schuler Building was used; then the Knights of Columljus gave us their heated rooms 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



whciv we iciiiaiiKMl until early suiiuner. All of these huildin^s were donated to us by the 
owners or orcu]>ants. 

Aliout the tirst of June we were given the use of the main floor of the store Building 
owned liy Cordon Utley on Galena Avenue. This generous gift of Mr. Ut ley's made 
possible a large amount of work during the hot summer months which otherwise could 
not have lieeii accomplished. We occupied the Utlcy Store until our War Work was 
finished, in the spring of lUlit, Afr. Utley furnishing us with heat in the winter months. 
Unlike other War Activities no provision was made by our Government for financing 
the work of the Women's Committee Council of National Defense. It was, therefore, 
necessary at the outset for the Lee County Conuiiittee to make provision not only for the 
work of knitting and sewing, ct c, l)ut also to raise funds foi' the payment of every- 
thuig used, which included large amounts of yarn, muslin, tennis flannel, gauze, cotton 
and other materials, as also for the payment of expen.ses of other Committees including 
Social Service, Conversation, Child Welfare, the Fatherless Children of France and others. 
At the start time was too precious to spend in raising needed funds. There was immediate 
need for every kind of supplies for French and American Wounded, and the quick ship- 
ments of small (luantitics at that time meant the saving of hves. The call came urgent 
and strong from Headciuartei's to our Dixon Unit to rush forward in small shipments 
to be followed by larger ones a few weeks later. At that moment without formal action 
by the Dixon Unit materials were jiurchased in Chicago at wholesale and the work was 
started without delay. .\ few weeks later when invoices were checked, and it was found 
that purchases had been made amounting to about .S2000.00, without a single dollar in 
hand to meet these obligations, the serious ciuestion of financing this undertaking was 
nothing short of staggering in its proportions, as these women had not previously been 
confronted with the financial prolilems of this magnitude. But the cause, coupled with 
the greater enthusiasm which was in all hearts, made the greatest of undertakings seem 
easily possible, and in the faith that some way would be found by which we could finance 
this patriotic undertaking the work went steadily on and the question of finances was 
left for later solution. 

With the County wide Registration finishetl, and with supplies bought and in hand 
the next urgent need was to get at once all of the Townships of Lee County actively en- 
gaged in War Work. It should be stated up to that time— about January 1918— only 
Nine of the Twenty-two Townships in Lee County had been organized for War Work. 
Heavy snow stoiins came in .lanuai-y which made the roads in the c'ountry difficult 
to travel, but with the women in Thirteen Townships organized and unprovided w-ith 
material for War Work, our Committee went forth clay after day in sleighs over country 
roads which were almost impassable, often being compelled to dig through the drifts; 
until it was mad<' i)lain to eveiy community that there was woi'k to be done and that it 
must be started without delay. The eag(>r enthusiasm with which the women throughout 
the country gr.asped this o|)porlunily to do their i)it to hel|) win the War greatly lessened 
the burden of this work. 

With the County tliroughly organized and materials distiibutctl, attention was turned 
to the serious problem of finances which up to February had been given but scant atten- 
tion. We had, however, in December made a most encouraging start by having the 
good fortune to secure Capt. R. High Knyvett, the famous Australian fighter and scholar, 
who delivered a most thrilling address, picturing the terrible tragedies of the war in such 
a vivid way as to fire the heart and mind of every one present to the highest jiitch of pat- 
riotic fervor. It is safe to say that th(> vast audienc.t' that filled the Dixon Opera House 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



1 wi.niai 
111.1 fruiii 

ttcc ,,f t 


that h. 


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on that oecasiiiii was t.i tli.' la>t man am 
Knyvett to go lurth from that nici'tiiiii; a 
and her eountr>- an.l vi.'tor>- than i'\-.'r 1 

A m.'ctin^ ot our Kxi'.aitivc ( '.■iiiiiii 
to detcrininf how we coul.l hcst me.'t . 
cany on the wmk diiriiiii the coming year 
to $7000.00 to supply our working units a,l th. 

Without realizing wh.-n or how tin 
almost inipassal.l.. n.a.ls wlii.'h pra.'l i.-illy shut off eouiitry trawl tor th.^ last two weeks 
in I'ehruary, .Maivli L'li.l. tlu' .lav lor tli.^ ..p.aiiiig ..t ih.^ L.v ( oimiy Alli.'.l l^azaar. lotm.l 
everything in r.'a.liness for thi' .■\-ent. 

What can !:.■ said of l!osl,r.H,k-s Hall which will pi.^tuiv it iii ili.^ .•ye> ,,f th.^ iva.ler 
as it actually aiip.'aiv.l to visit. irs on this occasion! First, the li.Hilhs .'iieireling the eiitir.> 
hall, clecorate.l with whiti' perg.)las, festooned with garlan.ls of fl.iw.as, .Irape.l with Mue 
bunting throughout ; lights with beautiful varigate.l sha.les; myri:iils of lirilliaiiil>- i-ol.u.'d 
balloons; sprays of autunui leaves, these attractive .■iiiliellishuieiits fuiiii>heil a lirilhaiit 
and beautiful background for the display of go.). Is whi.'h ha.l li.'cn .l.iiiat.'d in almost 
endless variety and which filled the booths to o\-.r-lliiwiiig. 

Am..iig th.. more imp..rtaiit featuivs .if this .•v.aitful w.M^k weiv 1w.. suppers s.a'v.Ml 

by the La.ly F.irivst.a-s ..ii the ..peiiing an.l .-losing nights, whi.'li ii.'tt.-.l s:-;i 1 .DC, th,' f 1 

for the former being furiii.sh.'.l by this So.a.'ty an.l lor the latter by the la.li.'s of the Allied 
Churches of Dix.m. The .l..iiati..ii~ in to.i.l an.l m.m.'y from the vari.ms T.iwnships 
for the Bazaar, as well as various other .■.iiitiibuti.ins, are one antl all worthy of specific 
mention, but limit. m1 spaee forbids it. In pa--mu w.' feel constrained to uienii.ni the next 
to marvelous w..rk .>f Airs, Homer Parsoii>, Mrs. .lames AIcBride an.l their associates of 
East (b-.ive T.iwii<hip:iii next t., imi.a-abl.' n.a.ls th.^y cILm-PmI n.'aily SIOO.OO in ca.sh 
an.l sev.a-al wag.m loa.ls ..f country pr...lu.'e. Mrs. Cu'org.' I.au.'r with her associates of 
Sublette Township was a close second to k'.ast (Ir.ive, whil.' Mrs. S, L. Shaw and her assoc- 
iates of Lee Center Township were le.l l.y Sul.lett.' b\- only a narrow margin. 

Among other s)iecially noteworthy featur.'s was tli.' ]ire,sence of Honorabl.' Medill 
Al.'Cormi.'k on Fri.lay .■v.aiing wh.. deliv.avd ,a m..st interesting sp.MM-h on th.' War, 

The total cash riMMapt.^ of thi,- moM su.'.-e>sful Bazaar ever hel.l in L.'.. ( '..unty am..unt.'.l 
to 15,105.01. 

County Civilian Relief-- Mrs. W. C. AbAVethy. Chairman. Assisted by -Mrs. Geo. 
Ward and Mrs. Henry Higl.>-. 

Surgical Dressings-Mrs. W. F. Strong. Assisted l>y Miss i:)eed Preston, Aliss Fane, 
Mrs. Austin George. 

Dixon Township Civilian Pv.-lief- .Mrs. A. H. Xi.-h..ls. Chairman. Assisted l.y Mrs. 
W. J. Worsle>-. 

Dixon Township City < 'ivilian Belief— Miss Ada De.'ker. Chairman. Assisted by 
Mrs. L. W. Mit.-h.'U. Mrs. C. P. D.illmeyer, Mrs. Edwanl Dysart. Mrs. W. H. Coppins, 
Mrs. Ernest Aloelk-r. 

Kiaitting ]:)epartment- Aliss Alary Morris.m. Chairman. Assist.'.l l.y Miss Rosanna 
Dement. 

Donations to French H.'spitals Airs. W. C. Kent, Chairman. 

A beautiful .l..ii,atioii stamped "To th.' Fiviieh Hospitals from the Women of Lee 
County, Illhiois. V. S. A." ain..imtiiig t.. a httl.' less than §,500.00 repivsente.l tlu^ largest 
in.lividual (l..iiati..ii t(. ih.' Fun.l. This a.moimt was raised entirelv l.v ils Chairman. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Fatherless Children of France — Miss Annctta Diniirk, C'liairnian; Miss Helen Brown, 
Chairman; Mrs. J. A. McEntee, Vice Chairman. 

Italian Relief—Mrs. T. J. Gullion, Chairman. 

Social Service — INIrs. E. A. Clevidence, Chairman. 

Child Welfare Department — Mrs. Harry Warner, Chairman. 

Food Conservation — Mrs. J. M. Batchelder, Chairman. Assisted by Miss Mary Wynn. 

At the time of the influenza epidemic Mrs. W. E. Weurth called the Ladies of the Red 
Cross and other Organizations to the Comicil of Defense Headquarters to see if it would 
not be possible to be of some immediate help to those families who were stricken with this 
terrible disease. . The outcome of this meeting was that a Soup and Food Canteen was 
established at the Covmcil of Defense Headquarters which was kept open morning, noon 
and night to receive any orders from Doctors or requests from families where nourishing 
food was needed. This Committee of young women worked constantly for ten days. 
We also established a registration for Nurses and tliidugh this service many families 
were greatly aided. 

Township Report 

Special mention should be made of ]Mrs. George Lauer, ]\Irs. Homer Parsons and Mrs. 
Frank Emmons for liberal financial aid, also for large quantities of excellent work turned 
out; for liberal financial aid. Miss Dorothy Barnett; for large quantities of excellent work 
and also various donations, Mrs. J. B. Dougherty, Mrs. F. M. Banker, Mrs. S. L. Shaw, 
Miss Louella Powers, Mrs. E. C. White, Mrs. Fred King, and Mrs. Harry Byers; for loyal 
suppoit and general good work, Mrs. J. W. Ziegler, Mrs. C. T. Barnes, Mrs. W. J. Brown, 
Mrs. C. F. Griffith, Mrs. Daisy Paine, Mrs. R. E. Herbst, Mrs. George Ross, Mrs. John 
.Ab.rrisey, Mrs. Clarence Stitzel, Mrs. Fred Wagner, Mrs. Michael Sullivan, Mrs. H. G. 
Keigwin and ?klrs. George Weber. 

The financial report is as follows: 

Receipts 
Woman's Coinniittcc Counril National Defense $ 580.04 

War Relief Fund Total Hecci|)ts 9,340.29 S9920.33 



War Relief Fund Receipts 

Fatherless ( 'hildren of France Committee 


.§ 9920.33 
4116.00 


Total Receipts 

Expenditures 
Woman's Committee $ 406.35 
War Relief Fimd 8198.36 
Fathei-less ( 'hildren of France Com. 4116.00 


$14,036.33 


$12,720.71 


12,720.71 



Balance on Hai 



,315.62 



An itemized statement covering all financial icceiiits and disbursements from the 
beginning to the close of this work has been duly verified and audited by our Executive 
Committee, as by the Dixon National Bank. After paying all indebtedness there remains 
in this Fund a balance of $1315.62. This Fund is now deposited at the Dixon National 
Bank to the credit of the Woman's Conunittee Cotmcil of National Defense, Mrs. A. P. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Aniiington, Treasurer. None of this money can be used for any purpose excciif l>y ihc 
unanimous approval of the following Committee duly appointed, viz., Mrs. John (1. Ualston, 
Mrs. Douglas G. Harvoy, IMrs. A. P. Armington, Mrs. W. E. AYuerth, and Mrs. W. ('. 
McWethy. 

The above report is respectfully submitted by (iracia L. Armington, Treasurer. (Mi-s. 
A. P. Armington). 

Any Review of the aceomplisliments of the Woman"s Connnittee Council of National 
Defense would be sadly incomplete without special mention of the service performed 
by Mrs. W. E. Wuerth, Mrs. A. 1'. Aimington, Mrs. W. C. McWethy, Mrs. W. F. Strong, 
IMiss Ada Decker, Miss Maiy Morrison, Miss Rosanna Dement, Miss Annetta Dimick 
and Mrs. A. H. Nichols, the aforesaid ladies having lieen ('h:iiiirian of the various Com- 
mittees. It is one thing to give up an occasional hour each w('<'k in some patriotic work, 
but when it comes to dedicating the larger part of one's time day after day — week after 
week. f(i I he services of a great cause, that represents the true measure of noble woman- 
hood. ( ithcr Chairman of Committees that showed utmost zeal in their work were Aliss 
Helen Brown, :\Irs. Harry C. Warner, Miss Florence Noble, Airs. K. A. Clcvidencc, Airs. 
John M. Batcheldcr, Aliss Alary Wynn, Mrs. W. (b Kent, Mrs. T. J. Cbillion, and Mrs. 
F. D. Linclstroni. 

As we glance in oui' mind's eye ov<'r tlie ahnosi insurmountable obstacles and iccall 
the manjr serious problems that liad to lie met and solved by oiu' l'Necuti\'e Connnittee, 
and consider how loyally-, persistently and courageously all of these women worked, 
our hearts are hlled with admiration, love and gratitutle. 

It is far from our thought to exaggerate in the least the magnitutle of the work accom- 
plished or the efforts put forth by our women, singly or collectively, nor would we enter 
upon any eulogies, for none are sought or needed. The Reports of various Committees 
larely eutlines the work that was accomplished in the Ijrief period of twelve months. 
It is not too much to say that i( is a highly credible showing. 

Respectfully submitted. 
Lucile Reynolds Ralston (Mrs. John G.) Chairman 
Pauline Reynolds Harvey, (Mrs. Douglas G.) Associate 

Chairman 



CHAPTER VIII 

Report of Lee County Fuel Administration 

COVERING PERIOD FROM OCTOBER 23rd, 1917, TO MARCH 1st, 1919 
Horace G. Eevnolds, Ciiaikman 

UikIci' (late (>r ChicnK", Illinois, October 2Hnl, 1017, I rcrcived the following letter 
from John K. Williams, United States Fuel Admiiiisti-aior for the State of Illinois. 
Mr. H. G. Reynolds, 
Dixon, Illinois 
Dear Sir: 

Youi' name has l:een snfi>i-ested to nie as Cliairnian of the ('(immittee on fuel adminis- 
tration foi- youi' i-(innnuiiity. I trust you will do me the favor, and the community the 

You are authorized to ajipoint two additional citizens to constitute a eonmiittee, 
to assist >du in the woik. 'rhe\- should be persons of good standing, who possess the con- 
fidence of the couimuiiily, and who are not engaged or directly interested in the coal 
business. ( 'oal men, may, however, be consulted by you in case you need their assistance. 
Youi' jurisdiction will include your city and all of I.ee ( 'ouiit>- known as District No. 19. 
Representatives on local committees are exix'cted to serve without compensation, 
the service being purely patriotic. 

I hope to be speedily favored with a notice of your acceptance, together with the names 
of additional members of your connnittce. 

Very truly yours. 

,lohn E. Williams 
ITEL ADMINISTRATOR FOR ILLINOIS 

With oui- Couiiliy invcilve.l in the greatest war of all history 
woman with a spark of love lor the American Flag anxious ai 
utmost lowaids the achievement of victory, theiv was b\U one tl 
was to instantly- accept this appointment and with all possib 
greatest servii'c that could be icndeivd in providing coal and othei- fuel to meet the needs 
of the peo]ile of Lee ( 'ouiily. 

It was ,al ,.nce .appaicnt that the situation as regards the suiiply of coal (Anthracite 
anil P>iluniinous) loi' the homes and factories of Lee County was extremely critical, and 
I was, al the \-ci>- outset, deeply impressed with the grave responsibihty that would rest 
ui)oii iMxselt and those associated with me. I summoned to my assistance as co-workers 
Mr. Ivlwaril II. IWvwster, on(- of the prominent attorneys of our County and ^Ir. Thomas 
Young who roiineily was loi' many years a leading retail coal dealei- of Dixon. As time 
progressed :ind the coal pi-oblem became more and nioie .acute and alainiing the wisdom 
of the.^e two appoinlmenls was proven in manifold ways. The practical experience and 
knowledge of Mr. ^dung was of great benefit as he was in a position to weigh the situa- 
tion fi-om the dealer's \iewpoint and Tieccssitics and to render valuable service in tiding 
o\-er many .aitical sit u;it ions whi.-h coulimitcd oui- ciHuinittee. It should be further 
.state.l that .Mr. Young was never called upon from the day of his appointment to the 



and with evei->' m 
il (letenuined t., (f 


an and 
1) their 




id that 


e haste oi'ganize t 


or the 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS I'.l 

final (lisrharjic of lliis c.innntl.'i' l.y tlir rnilcl Stat.^s Fuel Adniiiiist rat ion, that lie did 
not promptly rrspimd with wholc-hrarlcd and I'tfincnt s<Tvi(v. 

The appointment of Mr. Edwai'd II. P)rc\\stcr was prompt l\- Followed l)\- liis si'Icction 
as Secretary of the Committee. It is impossiMc to ailc(|uatcly state tin' extent and im- 
portance of the service rendered by Mr. I'lii'wstei' in comiiM-iion with the serious pidhlems 

of one year and lour months. It was loun.l tl'iat his exPaisiv ac<,uaintanee over the 
Comity— which not only melu.led practically .all of the retail .lealers, luit the most prom- 
inent men as well pl■o^•ed of liieat value, as it often hecami' neci'ssaiy to seek information 
entirely outside of ileahas ni oidi'r to ascertam the actual sUuation as to the coal sur)ply 
and shortatic. 'riietiravity of this shortaiic in Lee County many times during the winter of 

shipment of coal to various points where it was urgent !>• needed. In theseci'itical emei'nencies 
Mr. Brewster was found extremely resourceful as well as untirintj in his elforts to serve 
the entire community and to avert suffering;. 

of hoth the cnsumer an,l the retailer. This was ,lue hir-ely t,, the lateness of the ,late 
at which the price of coal had ficen fixed hy the ( lo\-ei'nm<ait . ( 'onsumers and ri'tailers 
alike were waiting for that to be done before eont lactini^ for a winter's suppl> . The 
railroads soon expei'ieneed a shortaae of cais in which to transport the roal fi-om the mines. 
Added to these handicaps the Winteidf 1!)17-IS was veiy seviav. l-'.xt ivniely low tempera- 
tures prevailed for lonti p( nods of time and heavy tails of snow blocked tiaftic The task 
of the Fuel Connmttee was ther.'lore a ni..st ditH(ailt one. 

reports forw^arded to this Ccnnuittce liy the dealers at about the beginning of their work, 
it was apparent that a definite plan of procedure should at once be adopted for the purpose 
of securing every I'arload of coal possible to be had from every availalile soiu'ce of supply 
in order to nuct the iv.iuiicments of this County. To this end it was thought a(h-isab!e 
to personally call up.m State Fu, I Admmistrat<ir, ,Iohn E. Williams, and the Chairman 
of this Crmnuttce, accompanied by Secy. Edward H. Brewster, made a trip to Chicago 
for this purpose. The Lee County Coal situation was placed before Mr. Williams and a 
number of his associates, including ]\Ir. Spencer Ewing and Mr. J. W. Adams. It n\:iy be 
stated that this visit |)roved of great benefit as it established a per.sonal ac(|uaintance 
with these officials and l.atei- resulted in a \isit of Messi's. iMving and Adams to Dixon 
at which time, by previous ariangi nients, all of the coal dealers of Lee ('ount>- (with a 
possible exception of one or two), wei-e piesent. There was a frank and exhaust i\-e dis- 
cussion of the coal situation at this meeting and for the first time in the history of Lee 
County the coal dealers had met as one body, face to face. At the close of this meeting 
every one present had a clearer realization of the enormity of the task of the mine owners 
to produce, the railroads to transport, and the dealers to equitably distribute the coal 
actually required to meet the needs of the community-. 

The first step taken was to get a complete list of ;dl the coal deak'rs in Lee County 
and it was tound that there was a total of foity-four, located as foll(,w, . Amboy .lones 
Berry Lbi'. Co., L. A. Emery, La Salle County Carbon Coal Co.: Asliton .1. C. Criffith, 
Wm. Leslie, Oscar Schade, Henry Weishaar; Compton — ,Iohn Banks, Moore Lumber 
Co.; Dixon— D. B. Raymond & Son, Philip Woolever, J. P. Mclntyre, Frank Rink, Public 
Supply Co., Will)ur Lumber Co., Dixon Lumlier & Fuel Co., Hoefer Coal Co., Dixon 
Distilled Water Ice Co., R. A. Rodesch; Eldena— Eldena Co-Operative Co.; Franklin 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Grove — C. D. Hiisscy ct Son, Planners Elevator Co.,; Haiiiion — Armour Grain Co., Harmon 
Farmers Elcvaloi' Co.; Ilenkel — Henkel Grain Co.; Lee Center — A. F. Jeanblanc; Nachusa 
— E. L. Crawford; Nelson — H. C. Reed; Paw Paw — Pogue Lumber Co., Watner & Guffin; 
Roxljur>- Stnlioii — Armour Grain Co.; Scarboro — Scarljoi-o Elevator Co., Snearer Bros.; 
Shaws Stalioii— C. F. Guffin; Steward — Armour Grain Co., Farmers Elevator Co., Shearer 
Bros.; Sublette— Biel.ei' Grain ct Lumber Co., .). W. Bettendorf; Van Better— Elmer 
Hess; Walton— Wallon lv|uity Exchange; West Bi-ookjyn -H. A. Bernardin, Farmers 
Elevator Co., C. F, Gufhi'. 

Blanks weic |)r(iiiiptly oidcred and niailcMl l<, each dealer, which provided for rejiorts 
givina; the fpianlily of Anthracite and Bitununous coal on hand at that date; the quan- 
tity sold each dealer for the previous coal year ending .Vpi-il 1st, 1917; the amount of 
coal on ordei' at the date of this report; the address of all of the different mine owners or 
operators fi-oni whom dealers had bought during previous years and with whom they 
had contracts for the ciuient coal season. In addition to the above statistics every dealer 
was directed to mail a report at the end of each week to the Chairman of the Lee County 
Fuel Committee, stating the amount ot coal icccivcd during the preceding week and the 
quantity sold. As the situation Ijecame moi'e ciitical dealers were required in such weekly 
reports to give the name of each perosn to whom sales were made, stating the quantity 
and kind. Dealers were required to hmit quantity of coal sold to any one person, or firm 
to meet their immediate current needs. At times the amount was limited to five hundred 
pounds to consumers whose houses were heated \>y sto\-cs and one thousand pounds to 
those whose heal was supplied by furnace. A nunilxT of times during the Winter of 
1917-18 most of the dealers were occasionally without a single wagon load of coal in their 
bins; and in numerous instances families used up the last scuttle of coal which they had 
in their homes before it was possible to secure the delivery of a few hundred pounds from 
their dealer. In other cases, especially during some of the snow blockades, no possible 
way was fomid to get cars of coal to their destination, and. as a result, dealers in many 
towns found it ncccs>ary to go to customers who had scarcely more than two or three 
days su])ply and ask them to divide with some neighbor who was entirely out of coal. In 
the Cit\- of Dixon the shortage of coal was fully as great as in other parts of the County. 

On one Saturday in the month of January, with ver,\- low temperature and a blizzard 
raging, the situation was so critical that only consumers, who had not enough fuel to last 
until Monday, were permitted to have coal and then only in limited quantities. During 
that day it became necessary to draw upon the private supplies of public spirited citizens 
and, when night arrived, the Fuel Administration, upon communicating with the Super- 
visors, Chief of Police and all Coal dealers in the City, were assured that every family 
in Dixon had enough fuel to last until Monday morning. Upon checking up the records 
it was found that only a total of four tons of fuel remained in the bins of the eight coal 
dealers in the ( 'ily. 'Idiis Committee had also made arrangements, in case of emergency, 
with certain hotels and with private residentsof the City, to accommodate entire families 
with lodging wlicic this might become necessary in order to avei1 suffering tVom lack of 
fuel. Hapi)ily this <lid not become necessary. 

The constantly incicasing demands for coal for o\-erseas re([nii'ements and for factories 
engaged exclusively on govcinment work, led to the issue of an order by United States 
Fuel Administiatoi- Garfield early in 1918 restricting the use of coal on Mondays, except 
ior wai- puiposcs an<l certain s]ieeified emergency needs, among the exemptions being 
churches, schools, h(]S])itals, banks, new'spapers and doctor's offices. While a drastic 
order of this natui'c was a serious hai-dshiji uijon maiiv mercantile and other business 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



institutions, it was accepted by our (■(iniiinmity in a s])irit of willing co-operalion, no pci-- 
sonal sacrifice seeming too great for any iiulixidual td hrar. The uppermost tli<iii<j;lit in 
every mind seemed to he that our national existence was tlireatened liy a despeiate anil 
deadly loe, and with spontaneous unity every man and woman seemed prepared lo dc; 

only a few weeks, resulted in its withdrawal. 

It is our further pleasure to state that this Connnittee had the hearty eo-opeiation 
of practically every coal dealer in hee ('ount>-. Tlie rivalry- that is often seen lietween 
competitors in the same town or c'Wy seemed to 1 e enlirel>- fortjotlen tliniiiii Ihat peiiod 
of coal famine and it is not too nnieh to say that the s])irit of tellowship and paliiotism 
seemed to take possession of dealer and consumer alike and (o such a de^iree that dealei's 
throughout the County were ready to divide up a car shipment of coal with their e(]nipeti- 
tors and in numerous instances one dealer was permitted li>- another to go U> his hin and 
take fi'oni it a load of coal to deliver to his cuslomei'. < )n numberless occasions manufact- 
urers in Dixon, who themselves at that lime had not to exceed three days suppily of coal 
on hand, allowed dealers to take coal from their plants to deliver to families that were 
entirel\- out of fuel. Indeed the situation on a number of occasions, and co\-erinti a i)eri(.(d 
of several da>s diu-ing different snow blockades of the winter 1917-lS, was so critical 
that tliei-e wci-e scoivs of faunlies that did not have a twenty-foui- hours su|iply of coal 
on hand; an,l with the .^ujiply of dealers entirely exiiauste.l, their only hope was that a 
I'ar might be received during the day. 

It was in such numerous emergemaes that this ("onunittee f(iund its gi-eatesf oiijior- 
tunity for effective work and it perhaps should be recoided that thei-e wiav a inindHa' of 
weeks, which ran into months, that the Secretary and ('haiiinan of this ('ommittee daily 
spent from four to eight hours of almost incessant work at the telephone, receiving ic]iorls 
of dealers to the effect that they were entirely out of coal, telephoning thi'se conditions 
to the Fuel Administrator at Chicago and often getting no encouragement theic appealing 
direct to mine owners and coal operators, almost without number. 

No financial icport is to be made by this Committee covering expenditui-es sucli as 
printing, telephone and telegraph, traveling expenses, etc., as the government did not 
see fit to make any appropriation for this purjiose and these expenses were, therefore, (juite 
jn'operly assumed by the County Chairman. 

It is with pride and satisfaction, mingled with a firmer belii'f in the brotherhooil of man 
than ever before, that we recall immerous instances where we seemed to be successfid 
in touching the heart of even a Coal Baron, after first being told that thiac was no possi- 
bility- of helping us out — when, after listening to our appeal, we were finallj' assured that 
innne(liate sliijiments would Ije made to certain dealers where the need was most urgent. 

'Die members of this conmiittee each received from the United States Fuel Adminis- 
tration an Honorable Release dated March 1, 1919, signed by H. A. Garfield, United 
States Fuc4 Administrator and countersigned by Raymond E. Durham, Federal Fuel 
Administrator for Illinois. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Horace G. Re\nokls, Chairman. 



CHAPTER IX 

Liberty Loans 

By Alfred P. Armington 

A histoiy of the five Liberty Loan campaigns in Lee County will be a record of four 
complete successes and one failure. The first Loan was not well understood and as a 
consequence the results were not satisfactory. This was attributable partly to a want 
of understanding and to a lack of organization. At that time comparatively few people 
knew what a bond was, and quite likely not a hundred persons in the county had ever even 
seen a government bond. 

However, when the time for the ■•second loan came we were deep in the war, our people 
londerstood that the fiovernment was in urRrnt need of funds, a good organization was 
created and then and thereafter the countv as a whole responded with a surplus over everv 
call. 

The first loan was made ])i-inri]ially throuiili much newspaper publicity, some solicitation 
and witli a few public mc<'lin,-i>. It wns handled through the banks of the County. Mr. 
Georfic H. Kobiiison.of ( 'liir,-i,iin, was prcsi>iii ilndiiLih a large part of the campaign as the 
representative of the Fcdcial liescrve Bank. He did a great work, and even though the 
results were not satisfactory, he is deserving of great praise for the work done by him. 

His efficient labors bore abundant fruit in the last four campaigns, first and second of 
which he was on hand to aid in carrying through the work. 

On the first loan all subscriptions were taken through the l)anks. The county quota 

was S and bonds aggregating .S325,850 were .sold, the items as to the 

several banks being as follows: 

First National Bank, Aml)oy . ... . $59,700.00 

First National Bank, Compton 6,000.00 

City National Bank, Di.xon 93,000.00 

Dixon National Bank, Dixon ... . . 119,800.00 

Union State Bank, Dixon 9,000.00 

Harmon Bank, Harmon 7,000.00 

First National Bank, Steward 20,000.00 

H. F. Gehant Banking Co., West Brooklyn 11,350.00 

Total $325,850.00 

After the first kian an allotment was made to each town in the county, based 
upon each town's pii|)ulation antl asses.sed valuation. 

Each town then subdivided its allotment so that in the rural towns each school district 
and in the cities and villages each voting precinct had its quota. In turn each of these 
subdivisions made our allotments or quotas to the individual so that every adult in the 
county who was able to buy a bond was listed for the amount his neighbors thought he 
sliould be able to take. The plan was a success. Every loan, but the first, was oversul) 
scriiied iiy the county. The county record is as ioUows: 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Qluta 


Amount Subsckibed 


NuMBEK OF Subscribers 


1st loan 


S 325,850. 




2nd loan $ 990,000. 


1,136,900. 


4033 


3rd loan 660,000. 


1,053,200. 


7833 


4th loan 1,440,300. 


1,718,600. 


7762 


5th loan 1,0.32,300. 


1,381,200. 
§5,615,750. 


4164 


The i-cconl (if the county, l.y i 


lownships. for the 2n(l, 3n 
Second Loan 


1, 4th and 5th loans follows: 


Town 


Quota 


Subscription 


Alto 


S 42,215 


S 50.(1110 


.Vnil.oy 


119,825 


119,7.50 


Ashton 


49,266 


55,000 


Bradford 


31,754 


27,600 


Brooklyn 


62,908 


50,650 


China 


54,106 


50,450 


Dixon 


395,928 


427,350 


East tirove 


27, .560 


13,550 


Hamilton 


21,615 


3,250 


Harmon 


35,210 


39,550 


Lee Center 


40,141 


6,250 


Marion 


30,141 


13,3.50 


May 


28,251 


15,300 


Nachusa 


32,214 


26,300 


Nelson 


24,841 


15,400 


Palmyra 


40,556 


25,8.50 


Reynolds 


29,634 


3,700 


South Dixon 


36,731 


23,750 


Sublette 


44,381 


4S,2()0 


\'iola 


27,836 


10, 1100 


Willow Creek 


40,833 


31,700 


Wyoming 


62,9.54 


73,550 

$1,130,.500 
$1,136,900 


Larger figures are the amounts ;i 


letually sent to the F. R. Ba 


nks, liy hanks of the County. 



Town 

.Vlto 

Aniboy 

Ashton 

Bradford 

Brooklyn 

China 

Dixon 



Third Loan 

Quota 

$ 25,750 
45,500 
28,050 
22,150 
32,700 
31,350 
168,300 



Subscription 

8 45,900 
84,600 
47,250 
22,800 
41,300 
56,550 
284,350 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



East Grove 
Hamilton 
Harmon 
Lee Center 
jMarion 
:\Iay 
Nachusa 
Nelson 
Pahn>-ra 
Reynolds 
South Dixon 
Siihlette 
Viola 

^Villow Creek 
Wyonun.ti 
Total 

Larger figures ai'c tl 
Excess is caused hv sul 



Town 

Alto 
Amhoy 
Ashton 
Bradford 
Brooklyn 
China 
Dixon 
East Grove 
Hamilton 
Harmon 
Lee Center 
]\Lirion 
May 
Xachusa 
Nelson 
Pahiiyra 
Ucynolds 
South Dixon 
Sulilette 
Vi.ila 

Wihnw Creel 
Wy(,ininci 
Total 

Larger figures are t 
Excess is caused hv s 



12,900 
13,200 
20,500 
21,100 
16,500 
13,550 
19,500 
17,850 
24,600 
18,800 
25,000 
25,100 
17,850 
24,750 
35,000 



13,050 
19,900 
20,400 
21,550 
20,950 
18,500 
28,400 
21,200 
46,800 
20,750 
27,850 
28,350 
21,950 
56,950 
70,550 



S660,000 


.51,023,900 




.? 1,053, 200 


lly sent to the F. R. Ra 


nk by hanks of the County 


r counties paying here. 




Fourth Loan 




Quota 


Subscription 


$ 54,1.50 


.S 58,750 


104,000 


119,550 


57,800 


61,200 


51,300 


51,3.50 


70,750 


83,450 


69,300 


75,0.50 


376,900 


538,800 


29,600 


28,350 


29,600 


33,000 


41,150 


43,300 


44,800 


47,450 


34,650 


35,250 


31,050 


31,350 


41,900 


44,550 


31,800 


35,900 


56,300 


57,800 


42,600 


44,850 


47,650 


50,200 


58,.500 


59,600 


41,1.50 


41,2.50 


54,900 


60,950 


74,400 


79,900 



§1,681,8.50 

$1,718,600 

ik hy banks of the Count}^ 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Victory Liberty Loan 

Town 

Altd 

Anilioy 

Ashtdii 

Rradlunl 

BiTHiklyn 

Chiiui 

Dix.ni 

Kast (Irovt- 

Haniiltdii 

HaniKin 

Lee Center 

'Slar'um 

May 

Xaehusa 

Nelsdii 

Palmyra 

Reynolds 

South Dixon 

Sublette 

Mola 

Willow Creek 

Wyoniins 

Total 

Alfred P. Arniington, cashier of 
Chairman of the Liberty Loan Committee by thi 
as executive of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th Loans. 

The campaign for the sale of the bonds was made under the direction of the Lee Count.y 
Finance Committee, an auxiliary of the State Council of Defense. Edward Vaile of 
Dixon was Chairman of this Committee and did great work as an organizer and executive. 



Quota 


Subscription 


S 3.S,.50U 


.s 


43,500 


73,900 




95,250 


41,100 




60,300 


36,500 




38,700 


50,300 




50,450 


49,300 




103,750 


273.800 




412,250 


21,000 




18,550 


21,000 




17,850 


29,200 




30,950 


31,800 




39,050 


24,600 




29,900 


22,000 




26,150 


29,700 




31,050 


22,600 




25,200 


40,000 




41,550 


30,000 




34,850 


33,900 




35,800 


41,600 




32,200 


29,300 




12,650 


39,000 




50,400 


52,900 




61,6.50 


SI, 032,300 


SI 


,291.000 


•ixon National Bank 


was a 


ppointed County 


ly the Federal Rescrvt 


• Bank 


. He liad (-harge 



CHAPTER X 

War Savings Stamps and Red Cross 

Wm. F. Ho(;a\, ( 'ouiity ( 'liainium 

The War Savings Committee of Lee County, of wliich I had the honor to he chairman, 
was organized in December 1917, and the cpota for the county was $550,000. 

We did not niake much headway in the months of January, February or ]\Iarch on 
account of the severe weather and road conditions, it being impossible to hold meetings 
or get out through the county. Up to May 30th we had sold $100,000. 

At this time the Finance Committee of the State Council of Defense of Lee County, 
pledged their assistance to the AVar Saviiiiis Committee and on June 28th the polling 
places in the county were oikiumI, for a \ohintary pledge to buy War Savings Stamps 
before the close of the year. 

Each township was jiivcii a (piota and nearly everyone overpledged in one day. The 
entire county over pledge hciiig .S26,0(J0. 

The total" sales for the year were $602,000, or $52,000 over the quota. 

The splendid showing in Lee County in War Savings is due to the wonderful organiza- 
tion of the Finance Committee. 

KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS 

Wm. F. Hogax 

Chairman of Dixon Council 690, Recreation Fund. 

Knights of Columbus AVar Activities in 1917 for .$.3,000,000 Recreation Fund. 

The Local Knights of Cclunilius were asked by the State Council to raise the sum of 
$2500 for this fund. 

The local Council selected a connnittee of Catholics and Non-Cat holies with your 
humble servant as chairman and through the kindness of the citizens of Dixon of all de- 
nominations, the sum of $2866.58 was raised in this city alone, which with a subscription 
of $143.50 from Walton, made a total of $3010.08. 

The Knights of Columbus had made arrangements to have the Paulist Choir give 
a concert in the afternoon and evening on June 2Sth,1917. The Red Cross were without 
funds to carry on their work and the Knights of Columbus tinned tliis concert into a Red 
Cross Benefit ;nid cleared over ssdO., wliich was turned over to them and which helped 
start the Red Cross work in Lee Countv. 



CHAPTER XI 

The American Protective League and 
The 4-Minute Men 

l^iY Alhkht B. Whitcombe 

The ficnrnil wurk of tli(> AiiKTican I'mtcctivc League, its iucIIkkIs and prorc.luiv 
need not In- explainc<l hciv liinhci- than to say that it was auxiliary to the Dcpaitnicnt 
of Justice of the United States of Anieiica, tliat it was organized for the pui-|)osr of assist- 
ing the Government in countciai'tiiifi; the insiiHous (k-rman propagan<ia tiiat loi- years 
had been working throtighout the country. 

The League was organizi'd in Lee County l)y the appointment on April KUh, f917 
of Mr. Albert B. ^\^litcombe as an operator. Shortly afterwards Mr. ^^■hit combe received 
his commission as Chief of the League in Lee County. He at once set to work to organize 
the County with the result that each community was provided with an operator and every 
report of enemy propaganda was traced to its source and the author properly dealt with 
by the officers of the Law. 

:sh: H. S. Dixon, Chairman of the State ( ouncil of Defense appointed Mr. Whitcombe 
Chairman of the Loyalty Comnnttee of the Comity. This enhanced the cttectiveness 
of the Leagues' work as it tended to systematize and coordinate all the war activities. 

It should be said for the general conduct of the citizens of Lee Count>- that their loyalty 
in the support of the Government in its war activities was undisputed fidui the boys 
who volunteered for service in the great war, the boys who just as \dluntaril>- offered 
themselves to their country through the selective di-aft to the lirave men and women at 
home who planted and harvested, who worked and gave to the various war activities, 
who sacrificed their own comforts that our soldier boys might have the very best that 
their supreme sacrifice deserved. It was but natural that some few would misunder- 
stand the position of our country and that some would prove traitors to their heretage. 
The long continued efforts on the pait of the hnix^rial German government through the 
press and through paid emissaries to impress on our people her self styled efficiency and 
organization, as well as lier sympathy for the .\iiieiican people must have an effect on some. 
This naturally made a few lukewarm towards the war who needed to have their viewpoint 
changed. There were some citizens of Germany here whose sympathy for her was entirely 
too evident. And there were some who while they had become citizens of tliis country 
had forgotten the evils of imperialism and only remembered the beauties of the country 
and the kindly faces of the peasants. It was the work of the League to investigate these 
cases carefully and judiciously and wheiu'ver and wherever necessary to report them 
to the department of Justice. 

This made the League especially helpfid to the finance conmiittee of the comity andof 
material assistance in the Liberty Loan and other drives that were uialeiiaken during the 
strenuous chivs of the war. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



In this connection it should be mentioned that the work of the 4 Minute ^len in Lee 
County was carried on by practically the same organization. This was on account of 
the fact that the two activities were so closely allied. 

The work of the 4 Minute Man was to counteract propaganda with propaganda. To 
teach the people by active campaigns of education through the Moving picture theatres, 
Churches and Lodges the real facts. To show that the so called enemy efficiency was 
directed towards the destruction of Democracy, the reckless killing of men, women and 
children and the estabhshing of Imperialism and militarism. To convince the public 
that the only safeguard was the establishing in all civilized countries of free peoples cap- 
able of and willing to govern themselves. 

Thus the two nation wide organizations carried out loyally and faithfully the purposes 
for which they came into being. And when the need for their services was no longer ap- 
parent they took up the work of general reconstruction upon the basis of a free people 
in a free countrv with the true Amei'ican siiirit. 



CHAPTER XII 

Lee County Chapter American Red Cross 

1^- Liins PiTCIIKH, Sccict:il>- 

Tho Ia'v County C'liaiitor uf th(> Aniciicaii Xatidiial \U'd ( 'russ was organized on March 
12th, 1917, the tollowiiiii officeis heini> eleeted: 

W. B. Briuton, Presitlent \V. C. Durkes, Treasurer 

John B. Crabtree, Vice-President Miss Neva AlcCleaiy, Secretary 

The organization was perfected by the lurniiui!; i>l' Hrani'h (hapiers, witii workrooms 
at Amboy, Ashton, Frankhn Grove, Paw Paw, ("onipton, Stewaiil, liiadlnid, Scarljoro, 
West Brooklyn. WaUoii, Hann.m, SuMetie, and Peynolds, with a main woikrooni in the 
Supervisor's Room at the Cuurt, House in Dixon, this room being vacated by tlial body 
and turned over for the exclusive use of the Red Cross Society. In adthtion to these 
branches, there were nineteen Auxiliaries formed with Headquarters at various churches, 
school houses and homes throughout the County, — Pahiiyra, South Dixon, Nelson, Lee 
Center and Viola Townshijis being repicsented by Auxiliaries. 

The Women of the.se Auxiharies aii.l blanches, working under the al)le direction of 
Mrs. Ida C. McCleary of Dixon, who at the time of organization was appointed ( leiieral 
Chairman of Women's work, turned out a vast amount of su|iplies as is sliown \iy the 
following production figures: 

1,200 Hospital garments 81,260 Hospital sujjpiies 

2,920 Trench Kits and Packets 87,380 Miscellaneous supplies 

7,200 Knitted articles 6,54,963 Surgical ch-essings 

16,750 Refugee ( larments 

Total 851.673 

In a<lihtion to the above supplies, forty-three baiTels of used clothing were collected, 
packed and shipped tor Belgium refugees. 

skill of nimble Hngers to this work, for then was hardly a lannly in the c(,unty, some of 
the members of which did not assist the Red Cross in its production, practically all the 
knitted articles being made in homes or wherever a lady found time to add a few stitches, 
— even a few of the men turned their hands to knitting, making garments which compared 
favorably with the best work of the ladies. 

Shortly after the organization. Mr. E. B. Raymond was appointed assistant to Miss 
McCleary. Secretary. He resigned before the expiration of the year and Mr. Louis Pitcher 
was appointed to fill out the term, and at the succeeding annual election, Mr. Pitcher 
was elected Seci'etary and assuming the duties of manager, he continued in this dual 
capacity for the <lur.alion of the war. No oilier change was made in llie otficaal foive 
of the chaptei' (luring the w.ai' period. Undia' the able leadership of Col. Ihinton. the 
officers discharged the iluties falling to their lot, cheerfully and efficiently. 

In the fall of 1918. Mrs. .Malilon R. Forsythe was appointed General Chairman of the 
Junior Red Ci'oss and assisted by ]^Irs. H. E. Lager, as exectitive secretary, she organized 
the counlvsehonls. the woik meeting with such hearty co-operation on the part of the teacher 
and pujiils that williin a short time an enthusiastic membership of 2.500 had been eiu'olled. 

58 



60 WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

The Home Scr\icc ami Civilian Relief Conunittee, the efforts of which were directed 
by Mr.Henry Sclniiidt and Miss Eleanor Powell, did a most worthywork in aiding depend- 
ent families of soldiers and sailors with advice, handlinc; their business transactions with 
Government Departments, and cxtendinii material and tiiiaiicial aid when such was needed, 
from the funds of the Chajitei-. 

Lee Couiily may lixik with |)ride upon its Red ("I'uss War record for its workrooms 
turnetl out sui)plies in (luantities as hiph as ten times the average chapter productiiin 
for the United States, and the quality of its work was highly commended by the Central 
Division in Chicago where all work was sent for inspection and distribution. 

During the first active campaign for membership, by Chapters generally throughout 
the county, undci- the management of John Der Kinderen, then Secretary of the Dixon 
Y. ;\I. C. A., Lee Cduiity tripled the quota of members assigned to it and enrolled the 
highest percentage of population of any county in the State of Illinois, the next nearest 
county having only 75% as many enrolled as Lee, in proportion to its population. 

The First Red Cross War Drive, in the spring of 1917, was launched with a dinner 
for business men at the Elks Club, which was addressed by the Hon. Judge Kenesaw 
I\L Landis. Immediately after the dinner. Judge Landis addressed a mass meeting which 
packed the Opera House to hear this fearless and sterling jiatriot expound his views on 
the war. 

President Brinton appointed a committee headed by Hon. Richard S. Farrand, to 
solicit funds and in a short time $12,000.00 had been raised, largely among Dixon business men. 

The Second Red Cross War Drive was handled by the County Finance Committee 
of the State Council of Defense and on Monday, May 20th, 1918, the people of the County 
went to their respective polling places and voluntarily subscribed $39,747.04, 98% of the 
amount being paid in cash to the workers at the polls on that day. The novelty and suc- 
cess of this plan was the subject of an Associated Press dispatch, which appeared through- 
out the newsiiajieis of the country, and the Red Cross Bulletin circulated among the 
Chapters of the Cdiintiy gave an explanation of the plan, and highly commended the 
Cnunty. It also attracted the attention of the National Officers of the Red Cross, as is 
evidenced by the following telegram to the Central Division in Chicago: 

"Congratulations to the whole Central Division. Dixon, lUinois has used the most 

unique money raising scheme I ever heard of. Give the Town my congratulations." 

(ieorge S. Fowler, Executive Secretary, American Red Cross" 

Inasnmch as nearl\- all the people of the county at some time during the war rendered 
signal service to the so called "Greatest Mother of the World", the American Red Cross, 
it would be unwise and is unnecessary to give individuals, responsible for the splendiil 
a<'com]ilishments of this society, credit for their work. In its substitute for rules and reg- 
ulations, "The Red Cross is directed by the hearts of the workers", — will the workers 
find comjiensation for their efforts for those same hearts cannot but swell with pride for 
having been a woikei' in an organization which did its work at the front so splendidly 
that it istliei-ecipieiit of t he thanks and commendation of every returning hero from overseas. 

The otlicers, elected and appointed at the annual election of 1918, of the Lee County 
Chaiiter wcTc as follows: 

W. B. Brinton, I'lvsident Tim Sullivan, Ass't. Secretary 

.lohn B. Crabtree, \ice-l'resident W. C. Durkes, Tivasurer 

Louis Pitcher, Secretary Lillian Morris, Ass't. Treasurer 

Ada Brink, Ass't. Treasurer 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS ii_ 

FIRST RED CROSS DRIVE 
By E. H. Bi{i:\v>tkk 

The ChainlKT of Comnicrcr appnintcil a ( 'onmiittoc on .lunr HO. I'.tlT to lake cliai^ie 

of the Ecd Cross (h-ive fiui.ls. The fdlowiii.ii men were naiiKMl: 

R. S. Farrand I. 15. Counlryinaii .). \V. Crawiunl 

E.H.Brewster S. S. ]1o.l,iic A. 11. B<isw(.rl h 

W. ,1. :MeAli>ine A. C. Warner W. C Ainhus 

J. ( ■. Ayres C. H. M<'Kinn<:v T. Willmr Leake 
Dr. E. S. Mur|)hy 

On the fullowinp: Monday morning, these men held a meetini;- at the Dixon National 
Bank and oriianized with .lud-.- B. S. Farran.l as Chairnian t,i lake ehargi' nf the w.irk 
to raise funds \nr the lied ( Vuss. In order tn make a l.efiinning they assessed tliemselves 
at this meetinti and raised si^si'.-, ; .ng themselves. 

ivasse.l and in two da>-s .SKI.OdO, the sum that 
1 lor one week at the en.l of which .^12.Ci.V,l.l() 

The names of the suhscrihers and the amomits given l.y each were puMished in the 
papers with the result that iieople from outside the city of Dixon telephone.! in orwrote, 
sending suhseriptions. 

.ludgc- Farrand, Chairman, liecame ill the seeon.l day of the ,hive and :\lr. Fdward 
Brewster took his iilare, taking charge of the campaign and th<' ivconls. 



With a 


few 


■ \-olunt( 


-ers. the 


cltv w 


they wislH 


;\ \> 


1 raise. 


The wo 


rk c,,n 


was sul SCI 


:-ll.<M 


1. 







CHAPTER XIII 

Legal Advisory Board 

By E. E. Wingert 

As a part of the necessary war machinery there was created in each County a Legal 
Advisory Board for the purpose of assisting by way of advice and of actual clerical work 
the registrants in making out properly their Questionnaires. At the recommendation 
of the Attorney General and Adjutant General of Illinois President Wilson commissioned 
Attorneys E. E. Wingert, John P. Devine and William H. Winn, of Dixon, to act as the 
members of the Legal Advisory Board for Lee County. They were empowered to appoint 
such assistant members of the Board as might be required and accordingly selected as 
such assistants the other meml^ers of the Bar of said County. As the work developed 
and its endrnious extent was asc<Ttaincil ovci- sixty laymen, selected for theii' ability and 
situation were called uihiu to aid in the task. 

The Court House was designated as a place where at all reasonable hours members 
of such Board and assistants could be found for the aid of such registrants. In various 

parts of the Cotmty other places and persons were sjiecified for the convenience of such as 
were unable to cdnic tn the county scat \n fill (lUl, thcii- (|uesl ioniiaires. 

As the iiuestionnaires were k)ng and complicated, and in many cases had not received 
the stu(l> titini the legistrants which had been advised, the labor of the Board and Assist- 
ants was found to he very onerous. The necessary attention which this work required 
practically brought to a standstill all legal business in the County during the period of 
the several drafts, and the other forms of war activities which filled the intervals made 
the whole period of the war one of very serious sacrifice in point of time and monej^ for 
the whole Bar of Lee ( 'oiinty. No pay was received by them for any of this work, which 
in general was satisfactorily and impartially performed, and lessened greatly the task 
of the Exemption Boards. It is a pleasure to record that seldom, if ever, did any member 
of the Advisory Board or Assistants allow himself to aid any undeserving registrant in 
obtaining deferred classification, although the demands for such help were incessant and 
most ini|)ortant in many cases. 

At the conclusion of the wai' the vai'ious members of tlie Board were givcai ajipropriate 
bronze conuiicniorative buttons foi' tlu'ir services, with the tlianks of the Adjutant Genei'al. 



CHAPTER XIV 

Non-War Construction Bureau 

By Hexry 8. Dixdx, C'liaiinian 

The Xon-war Construction Buivau was organized in the State of Illinois (jn Scptcnilier 
17, 1918. The State organization eniliraced a general committee of seven, iiainclx'. Samuel 
Insull. Chairman: John P. Hopkins. ,I,,hn H. Harrison, John Y. (V'sl'.v. David I-;. Shana- 
han. J,,liii A. Spoor an.l John II. Walker, with E. W. Lloy.l as Secretary. This cnnnnittee 
had its ottice at the State Colin, al of Defense Building. 12(1 \V. Adams St.. Chi.'aiio. 

Stiliordinates to the general oriiaiiizat ion was a committee of three in each coiinty. 
The Lee County Committee was appointed a U-\\ days after thi' oiiiaiiizalioii of a gi'neral 
committee and consisted of Ilemy S. Dixoii. ( 'hairmaii. \\iii. B. Brinton and A. P. Arming- 
ton, with E. S. Rosecrans as Secivtary. The committee had its otiii'c in the Lee Comity 
Court House and met every Monday at 11 o'clock A. M. until its discharge from fm'ther 
responsiliility ahout the niiddl<' of Xovemher, 1918. 

of all kinds not alisolutely necessaiy for the winning of the war lie stopped. 

On Alarch 21, 1918 the War Industries Board at Washington ad.iple.l the folkiwiiig 
resolution: 

'■^^dlereas, it has conu' to the notii'c of this Board that new iiidiisirial i-orpora- 
lioiis are being organize(l in .lifferent sections of the ITiited States for the erection 
of industrial plants which can not le utilize(l in the prosecution of the war: and. 

Whereas plans are heing considered by certain states, counties, cities and towns 

tril iiti' toward winning tln' war: and 

Whereas the carrying forwai'd of these activities will involve the utilization of 
labor, capital and mati'rials urgently re(iiiired for wai- purposes: now, llierefdiv, be it, 

Resolved bj- the War Industiies Board, that in the public intcri'st all new under- 
takings not essential to and not contributing either directly or indirectly towards 
winning the war, which iiivoKc tli(> utilization of labor, material ami capital required 
in the production, supply or distribution of direct or indirect war ni'eds will be dis- 
couraged, notwithstanding tlie>- may be of local importance and of a character which 
shall in normal time nu'et with i'\-er>- encom-agement ; and be it fiirtli(a- 

Pvesolvcd, that in fairness to those interested notice is hereby given, that this 
Board will withold fr<im such iirojects priority assistance, without which new con- 
.struction of tlie chaiacter mentioned will fi-e(|uently be found im|)iactical.li'. and 
that this notice shall be given wide publicity, that all jiarties interested may be billy 
appraised of the difficuUies and delays to which they will l-e subjected and (aiibark 
upon them at their peril." 



Shoitlv aft 


ciwa.i 


ids tin 


■ manufacturers of 


■ the princip 


brifk, tilr, itiii 


cut ;: 


iihI lini 


ic agreed to co-ope 


rate with th 


ing into cffrcl 


the 


spin! 


of the foi'egoinii i 


i-esolution ai 


signed ami file 


<1 wi 


Ill the 


Priorities Divisioi 


1 the follow! 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE C OUNTY, ILLINOIS 

d liuilding materials, including 
■ \\i\r Industries Board in carry- 

d the individual manufacturers 
ifi- ple.lge: 

"The undersigned hereby pledges itself not to use, nor so far as lies within its 
power permit to be used, any products of its manufacture now in, or which may 
hereafter come into its jiossession or control, save (a) for essential uses as that term 
has been or may be detiiied or applied from time to time by the Priorities Division 
of the War Industries Board, or (b) under permits in writing signed by or under 
authority of such Pii(jrities Division; that it will make no sale or delivery of such 
products to aii>' customer for resale luitil such customer has filed with it a similar 
pledge in writing, and that it will use its utmost endeavor to insure that its ]iroducts 
shall be dislril.uted s.ilely for essential uses. - 

On September 3, 1918 Edwin B. Parker, Priorities Commissioner of the Priorities 
Division of the War Industries Board issued a circular, approved by Bernard N. Baruch, 
Chairman War Industries Board and directed to all manufacturers, jobbers, distributors, 
dealers and consumei-s of building materials, in which directions were givt'u as to 
requirements of permits for engaging in construction wmk. By the circular it was jiro- 
vided that when any one contemplating building who conceives his proposed project 
to be in the public interest or of sufficient importance that under existing conditions it 
should not be postponed he will make a full statement in writing, under oath, and present 
same to the local representative of the Council of National Defense, applying to such 
representative for his approval of the proposed construction ;that should such local rep- 
resentative approve the project he will promptly transmit the application, with a state- 
ment as to his reasons for approving same, to the Chairman of the State Council of Defense 
for his consideration; that if approved by the latter he will transmit it to the Chief of the 
Non-War Construction Section of the Priorities Division of the War Industries Board at 
Washington, D. C. for consideration, if need be further investigation, and final decision. 
In case the application have final aiijiioval it was jirovided that a construction permit 
be issued which would constitute a wan-ant to nianufactui-eis and dealers to sell and deliver 
the materials i-equired. 

It was further piovided that certain projects should require no permits, such being 
construction woi'k done or to be done under the authority of the War Industries Board 
and other Federal Government agencies and a very few other limited lines; also that 
repairs and extensions of existing buildings to cost not more than $2500 and new con- 
sti'uction of fai-ni buildings costing not to exceed SIOOO shotdd require no jiermit from 
the Priorities Division. 

It was afterwai'ds piovided under date of October '■>,. 191S that the Local County Com- 
mittee should without referring the matter to higher authority, pass upon applications 
for farm building constiuction to cost less than .flOOO and repairs on existing buildings 
to cost less than $2500. 

A person desiiing to construct any building, without reference to its cost, or who wished 
to make repairs to any structure at a cost of iiioi-e than 82500, made written application 
for a iiermil upon blanks furnished him, giving the estimated cost of the work, character 
of construction and reason whv it should be allowed to be constructed. These applica- 



WAR HIS TORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS tV5 

tions in Lee County were tiled witli the secretary JNIr. Roseerans anil a meeting of the 
committee held on each Monday morning, which the applicant was requested to attend. 
The committee having been created at the eiul of the huilding season there was not a great 
amount of work to he done, Imt usually two or three cases a week (inly t(i act upiin. 

The Board in every instance reconunended to the geneial ( 'oiniiiit tee that permits 
for new liuildings in the cities or villages lie refused. In two instances it rci'onimended 
that pt'imits be granted to build barns to ri'|)lace barns on farms that had been destroyed 
by fire. It granted permission to make repairs costing less than S25UU in two or three 
eases and also granted a number of permits to build corn cribs, hog houses and cattle 
sheds costing less than $1000. Its general policy, however, in line with its instructions, 
was to refuse permits and recommendations for all kinds of construction not shown to be 
absolutely essential. 

The work of the committee was concluded shortly after the signing of the armistice 
on November 11 as the ban on building oi)eiations was raised a lew days thereafter. 

The work of the committee was greatly aided by its efficient secretary, Mr. E. S. Rose- 
erans, who had charge of its details and handled them in a most satisfactory and efficient 



CHAPTER XV 

Local Exemption Board 

By Henry S. Dixon, Chairman 

The Local Board for Lee County was, in the same manner as all other Local Boards, 
appointed hy the President on the recommendation of the Governor. 

The Lee County Board, as originally appointed, consisted of Dr. E. B. Owens, George 
B. Shaw and Henry 8. Dixon, all of Dixon. They were appointed June 23, 1917. Mr. 
Shaw heiiig suliject to military service, declined to serve and never became a memlier 
of the Board and in .July 1017 .John M. Egan of Ambfiy was appointed to fill the vacancy. 

On ,June 30, 1917, the Board organized l.y electing .Mr. Di.xon as Chairman and Dr. 
(Jwi'ns as Secretary. 

Before the Board was appointed the first stc]) in the way of carrying out the provisions 
of the selective service system was taken through the first registration of all men between 
21 and 31 on June 5, 1917. As a result of the registration on that day and of a few who 
for one reason and another did not register on that day Lee County has 2548 registered 
men of the class of 1917 up to September 1, 1917 and thereafter 8 more registered, making 
the total registration of this class 2556. This registration was under the direction of Fred 
G. Dimick, County Clerk, assisted by R. R. Phillips, Sheriff, and three or more registrars 
in each voting precinct in the County and was carried through in a most efficient and 
thorough manner. The registrars returned all cards to the County Clerk and he with 
the assistance of a number of volunteers immediateh' completed the making of copies 
of the registration cards as provided by the regulations. 

On the afternoon of June 30, 1917 the Board received its first supply of lilanks from 
tlie office of the adjutant General of Illinois and first directions as to what work should 
l)e done. It was ordered to, as soon as possible, number all cards and copies of cards 
with what was known as serial numbers, to make lists of registrants in the order of their 
serial numlicr, to post and publish such lists and to send one copy of the list to the Pro- 
vost ^Marshal General at ^^'asilino■ton and one set of copies of registration cards to the 
Adjutant General at Springfield. 

This work was begun on the following day by IS volunteer clerks, continued on ,july 
2 and 3 by 14 clerks and at 4 P. M. of July 3rd this work was completed, the r(-(|uisitc 
lists posted at the Court House and the cards and lists mailed to the .Adjutant General 
and Provost Marshal General respectively. 

Thereafter the Boai'd met daily to ]ilan and jierfect its organization. On tlie recom- 
mendation of the Board Dr. ( '. H. Bokhof of Dixon, Dr. F. :\I. Banker of Franklin ( Irove 
and Dr. T. F. Dornblas.^r of Amboy were ap|)ointed as its examining physicians. Early 
in .Inly .lohn M. l-Van was appointed as a iiH'nibev of the Board to fill the vacancy whicii 

( >n July 20 a meeting of iHK.rd members rn,ni Lee, ( )gle, Whiteside and DeKalli ( 'ounties 
was hi'ld at liochclle which was attended by all of the members of the Lee County Board. 
At this iiiceiiiig :i genei'al discussion was held with respect to Inisiness niethods and pro- 
(•(■(luiv and iiitei|)retation of \-arious sections of the regulations, which were v(m->' liclpful 
to the mend;ei-s jiresent and tended to aid in clearing up many difficulties. 

66 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Beginning of the Selection. 

On July 20, 1917 the (li-:i\viii>i- of (.nlci- iiiiiiilicis t(M,k place a1 Wasliinnl'iii and within 
a few days thereafter the arrangenicnt (if the Lcr ('(ninty rciiistrants hy (irdci' numlicrs 
was completed, lists of names prepaicd, iHistcd and puMishcd and rorwanicd lo the 
Adjutant General as provided hy the rules. 

The Board was then ivady \n liegin the classification of registrants. The rules then 
in force provided for the jihysiral examinations of all men called hefoic jiassinn' upon 
their liability for military service and accoi-diriiily it was aiianged that SOO lie called up 
for examination. The plan invdlved cahuit^ up 11.") a day and they weiv ealle(l for con- 
secutive days, beginning August 'intl. 

In the meantime arrangemenis had heen made f(ir organizing a cleiical fcirce and uli- 
taining quarters for the Board. The jury rnoms at the Court Houst^ were taken over 
as Board headquarters and at times of physical examinations all of the jury rooms, the 
Judge's private office, the grand jury room and the Circuit Court room were used. 

The initial business organization of the Board consisted of George C. Dixon as Chief 
Clerk and Tim Sullivan, Louis Pitcher, A. C. Gossman, Ray T. Luney, A. H. Hanneken, 
Robert H. Howell, Guy Carpenter, B. F. Downing, A. E. Simonson, Blake Grover, R. C. 
Bovey and Grover Gehant as principal assistants, together with a number of others who, 
while not present daily, were invaluable aids. Miss Bess M. Blackburne did most of the 
stenographic and typewriting work for the board for a number of months, but was assisted 
by several others, among them being Misses Brink, Ckirham, Burke, Miller, lAing and 
others. 

The registrants were notified by mail to appear at the Court House at 10 A. M. of the 
day fixed for physical examination. At that hour of each day they were informed in 
a 10 minute address by the Chairman of the Board as to their rights in claiming exemption 
or discharge from military service. Immediately after the examination was concluded 
each registrant was again notified liy a clerk wdien he came from the room where he dressed 
that if he claimed the right of exemiition or discharge he should go to another clerk sitting 
at a table in the court room and get the necessary blanks to be completed and filed with 
the Board within seven days. 

Rules for Exemption and Discharge. 

The rules then in force jii-dvided that persons in the following classes should be exempt 
or lie entitled to discharge from military- service, as follows: 

Persons Exempt. 

a. Oflficers of the United States and of the several states, territories and District of 

Columbia. 

b. Ministers of religion. 

c. Students of divinity. 

d. Persons in the military ser\ice of the United States. 

e. Subjects of Germany residing in tiie United States. 

f. All of her resident ahens who have not taken out their first papers. 

Persons to be Discharged. 

In the following cases whei'e a chiim foi- (Mscharge was made and which was substan- 
tiated in the opinion of the Local Boai'd. 
a. County and municipal officers. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



b. Customhouse clerks. 

c. Persons employed by the United States in the transmission of the mails. 

d. Artificei-s and workmen employed in the armories, arsenals and iuia-^- yards of the 
United States. 

e. Persons em])loyed in the service of the I'nited States designated by the President 
to be exempted. 

f. Pilots. 

g. Mariners employed in the sea service of any citizen or mei'chant within the United 
States. 

h. Those in a status with respect to persons de]iendent upon them for support which 
renders their exclusion or discharge desirable, as 

1. Any married man whose wife or child is dependent on his labor for sujiport, pro- 
vided the income from which such dependents received their support was mainly the 
fruit of his mental or physical labor and was not mainly derived from property or other 
sources independent of his mental or physical labor. 

2. Any son of a widow dependent ujion his laboi- for support (with the same pi'oviso 
as in section one supra). 

3. Son of aged or infirm parents dependent ujion his lalior for support (with the 
same proviso as in section one supra). 

4. Father of a motherless child under IG years of age dependent upon his labor for 
support (with the same proviso as in section one supra). 

5. Brother of a child under 16 years of age who has neither father or mother and is 
dependent upon his labor for support (with the same proviso as in section one supra). 

i. Any person who is found by such local board to be a member of any well recognized 
religious sect or organization organized and existing May 18, 1917 and whose then existing 
creed or principles forbid its members to participate in war in any form and whose religious 
convictions are against war or participation therein in accordance^ with the creed or prin- 
ciples of said religious organization. 

j. Those found to be morally deficient. 

Result of Physical Examinations. 

During the August 1917 examinations, 702 men were called for physical examination 
and ileteiiuinntion of right to exemiition. Of this nmnber 069 were physically examined, 
542 of whnm wciv found to be physically fit and 127 physically deficient. 

Report to Provost Marshal General. 

In Novemlxu' 1917 a rejiort of the I'esults of the June "), 1917 registi-ation was made 
to the Provost ^larslial Cleneral, in which report, among other things, the following de- 
tails are found: 

Total registration 2548 Native born citizens 2327 

Married 1212 Naturalized citizens 38 

Unmarried 1336 Aliens 126 

Alien delcarents 57 

The aliens, liy nativity, were as follows: 
England 1, Ireland 1, Scotland 1, Canada 1, Creece 17, Italy Ki, Russia 3, Norway 12, 
Sweden 13, Switzerland 4, Mexico 11, Central America I, Austria-Hungary 20, Bulgaria 11, 
Turkey 1, Germany 8, Miscellaneous 4. 
There wei'e 15 negro registrants. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



\W nc<-upati(>iis, tu the 


extent tliat 


ivc(ir.lc<l :is lullows: 




Aoriciiltiire 




Coal Miners 




Building industries 




Brick, tile, eeiiient aiK 


1 stone indust 


Bakeries and ,itli.T IV 


lod laetoi-H'S 


Agricultural inipleniei 


lit factories 


Wood working indust 


ries 


Pa]ier and ]n-intii;g ii 


idustries 


Miseellaneiius indr.sfi 


■les 


T.'l(tiia|.h an.l teleph 


,,n,>cnmpai.ie 


Trade, niercliaiidise. 


haiikiiiii insu 


FulilK-ervice.iHit (.tl 


leiwise classiti 


Domtstie aiKJ inaiiua 


1 s.Tvices 


The Board euntiniad l<i 


h..ld daily s 


discharge for a nuniler of wveks alter tli 


During the period <'(iver 


cd l,y this po 


remained in force 702 weic 


liolifie.l of th 


as t(i niattei-s i.vei' which tl 


le Local ISoai 


cipally liy married men, uf 


which :;:<(! w 


ami industrial claims were c 


■ertitied to tin 



1292 


Animal liushai 


1 


Oil and gas w( 


224 


Fertilizer fact( 


■ 42 


Clothing, etc. 


19 


Inm and steel 


:u 


Shoe factories 


(■) 


Metal iii.lu^lri 


11 


Textile indust 1 



19 Steam railroads 117 
5 :Misc. trans, industries, postal 

.-<ervii-e,etc. 95 

ance. real estate, etc. 153 

•d 15 Professional service 11 

104 Laliorers 266 

ssions and to |)ass on claims ,,f exem|)lion and 
■ tune physical examinations hegaii. 

ir rights to file claim of exemption or discharge 
1 had jurisdiction. 350 claims were filed, prin- 
ic .allowed and 20 denied and 293 agricultural 
Di.^trict Board. 



Jurisdiction of Board. 

The Local Board had original jiirisdiel ion over claims of de 
upon (luestions of lialiility to military service with respect t 
of exemption or discharge l>y reason of lieing engaged in agr 
cupations, as well as appeals from Local lioard decisions of matt 
diction were by the regulations placed in the hand- of Di-iin 
County cases these ca,ses were sent to District I'.oard Xuml w 

Hy the regulations District Boards were given original an 
hear and determine all (|uestions arising with respect to the 
from lialiilit>' for military service of persons engaged in industry and agriculture. It was 
])id\ided that a claim for discharge could be filed for or on behalf of any person on the 
ground that he was actually engaged in a particular, designated, industrial or agricultural 
enterprise necessary to the maintenance of the military establishiiuait : that his contin- 
uance therein was necessary to the maintenance thereof and thai he could not he rc^placed 
by another jierson without direct, sulstant iai. material loss and detriment to the ade- 
(luate and effective operation of the enterprise in which he was engaged. 

Disposition of Some to Evade Military Service. 

At the beginning, before it was well understood by the mass of the people as to what 
the war was about, or what issues were involved, or what the fate of men in military ser- 
vice was likely to be there was a disposition on the part of some registrants and of many 
of their ]iarents to exaggerate their imiiortance as to being indispensable men in industry 



■pen.lency 1 
I'iiailtiire an 


.Ut ( 
IClll . 

id in 


lid not pass 

(,>uestions 

dust rial oc- 


Ha-s m whicl 


htlK 


■V had juris- 


ct Boards. 


aiKl, 


in the Lee 


4 at Frecp, 


irt. 




id .•xclusiv. 


• .i'li 


is.liction to 


holding to 


r or 


discharging 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



and agriculture, as well as with respect to dependence. Tliis tendency was ciuite marked 
at the outset but as time went on rapidly diminished. As a result of such initial tendency 
the work of the Board was then made much more difficult than it should have been. The 
blanks provided under the first regulation gave practically no aid to the Board in the way 
of ascertaining the facts so that it became necessary to call in for personal inquiry a large 
number of the registrants and their supporting witnesses. This no doubt was the situa- 
tion in all parts of the country for when the second regulations were promulgated in Nov- 
ember 1917 the old system was abandoned and the questionnaire jirovided which searched 
the registrants conscience sufficiently for a Boaril to come to a reasonably correct conclu- 
sion in most cases without a personal interview. 

Classification Under Amended Rules. 

The Provost Marshal ( Irncial in a communication to all Local Boards at about the 
time of the promulgalion of I he second selective service regulation stated, in substance, 
that the regulation under which the first army of ()S7,0(X) men was raised were in a sense 
temporary, created to fill a breach and as cinciffciicy rules cduld not mid should not be 
considered as permanent regulations. 

Accordingly after a study of the situation new selective service regulations were pre- 
pared which by proclamation of the President became effective Noveml)er 8, 1917. 

The new regulations wci-c a well considered code of procedure which required com- 
paratively few future cli:in<ies and were in general so plain and simple as not to require 
interpretation. 

By them it was retiuired that the registrants not in military service should be required 
to complete and file questionnaires with tlieir Local Board and tie classified. Section 
70 of the regulations stated as follows : 

"The military needs of the nation i'e(iuiic that there Ije ])roviile(l in ever connnunitj' 
a li.st of names of men who shall be ivaily to be called into sei'vice at any time. The 
economic needs of the nation, wliile deferring to the paramount military necessity 
require that men whose removal would interfere with the civic family, industrial 
and agricultural institutions of the nation shall be taken in the order in which they 
can best be spared. For this reason the names of all men liable to selection shall 
be arranged in five classes in the inverse order of their importance" to the economic 
interests of the nation, which include the maiiitenance of necessary industry and 
agriculture and the support of dependents. 

The group of registrants within the jurisdiction of each Local Hoard so taken 
as the unit to be classified. With eacli class the order of liabiUty is determined 
by the drawing which has liitlieito assigned to every man an order of availability 
for military service relative to all men not |ieniianently or temporarily exempted or 
discharged. The effect of classification in Class 1 is to render every man so classi- 
fied presently liable to military service in the order determined by the national draw- 
ing. The effect of classification in class 2 is to grant temporary discharge from draft, 
effective until Class 1 in the jurisdiction of the same Local Board is exhausted. The 
effect of classification in Class 3 is to grant a temporary discharge from draft, effec- 
tive until Classes 1 and 2, in the jurisdiction of the same Local Board are exhausted, 
and, similiarly, class 4 becomes liable only when ('lasses 1, 2 and 3 are exhausted. 
The effect of classification in Class 5 is to grant exemption or discharge from the 
draft." 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Five Classes Provided. 

By the classification system the resist rants after classification, were divided into the 
followino; five groups. 

Class 1. 

a. Single man without dependent iclatives. 

1). Marric^d man, with or without children, or father of motherless child, who has 
habitually failed to support his fannl.\-. 

c. Married man dependent on wife for sup|)ort. 

d. Married man, with or with..ut children, or father of motherless children, man not 
usefully engaged, fannly suppoited hy income independent of his lalior. 

e. Unskilled farm lahorcr. 

f. Unskilled industrial laiiorer. 

g. Registiant l.y or in ivspcd of whom no deferred rlassificat ion is claiinfd or made, 
h. Registrant who tails to snlinit (|iH'stioniiaire, and in resjicct of whom no deferred 

classification is claimed or iiia.le. 

i. All registrants not included in any other division in tliis schedule. 

Class 2. 

a. Marrietl man with childirn, or lather of motherless children, where such wife or 
children or such motherless children are not mainly dependent upon his labor for support 
for the reason that there are other reasonably certain sources of adecpiatc support (ex- 
cluding earnings or possible earnings from the labor of the wife) available, and that the 
removal of the registrant will not dei)i-ive such deiiendents of suppoit. 

b. .Married men, without children, whose wife, although the registrant is engaged 
in a useful occupation, is not mainly dependent upon his labor for support, for the reason 
that the wife is skilled in some special class of work which she is physically able to iierform 
and in which she is employed, or in which there is an immediate ojiening for her under 
conditions that will enable her to sui)|)ort herself decently and without sulfering and hai'd- 
ship. 

c. Necessary skilled farm lalHuvr m 

d. Neces.sary skUled industrial labor 

Class 3. 

a. Men with dependent chililren (not his own) but towai'ds whom he stands in re- 
lation of parent. 

b. Man with dependent age<l and infirm parents. 

c. Man with dependent helpless brothers and sisters. 

d. County or municipal officer. 

e. Highly trained foreman or iioliceman, at least three years in service of municipality. 

f. Necessary customhou.se clerk. 

g. Necessary employee of Cnited States in t lansmission of the mails. 
h. Necessary artificer or workman in rnited States armory or arsenal. 
i. Necessary emploj-ee in service of I'nited States. 

j. Necessary assistant, associate or hired manager of necessary- agricultural enter- 
prise. 

k. Necessary highly speci;dized technical or mechanical expert of necessary industrial 
enterprise. 



<ary agiicul 


tural eiit 


erpnsi 


necessary ii: 


ulustnal 


enterp 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Class 4. 
:i. yinn whoso wife or children aic iiiniiil>- (Icpciiilciit on his labor for support. 
]>. Mariner actually employed in si'a seivice of citizen or nicivhant in the United 
States. 

c. Necessary sole, niaiiajj;ing, conlidlhiiu; or directin,;;- head of neivssary agricultural 
enteriirise. 

d. Necessary sole managing, controlling or directing head of necessary industrial 
<'ntei'pris(>. 

Class 5. 

a. (Jfficers — legislative, executive or ju(hcial of the United States, or of State, Terri- 
tory or District of Columbia. 

b. Regular or duly ordained minister of religion. 

c. Student wii i May IS, 1917. was preparing for ministry in recognized school. 

d. Person in miiitaiv oi- naval service of the Umted States. 

e. Alien enemy. 

g. Person totally and permanently physically or mentally unfit for military s(>ivice. 

h. Person morally unfit to be a soldier of the United States. 

i. Licensed pilot employed in the pursuit of his vocation. Member of well recognized 
religious sect or organization, organized and existing on May 18, 1917, whose then exist- 
ing ciced or principles forbid its members to participate in war in any form and whose 
religious connections are against war or ]iarticipation therein. 

Result of New Classification Scheme. 

In the main the classification s.ystem did not result in the discharge from immediate 
liability for military service of many men who would not have been discharged under 
the oiiginal rules, but it assembled the registrants in a much more scientific and correct 
arrangement of ordei- of call and provided a far superior svstem of selection than was 
provided. 

A radical change was made, however, as affecting married men in many cases. Under 
the first regulatiims married men were subject to induction unless their wives and famihes 
were actually "dependent upon their labor for support." As a result of this rule and of 
its obseivance by the Board a considerable number of married men- our estimate from 
memoiy would be as many as bi or 20- who lived at home with their wives and families 
wei'e inducted into .service in September, October and November 1917. They were cases 
whei-e the man and their wives had independent incomes, or had parents ready, willing 
and able to maintain the wives. Among the cases of this type were Herbert Nichols 
and Dwight Rolph of Dixon, We.sley Attig and Frank Chapman of Ashton and a numbei' 

T ndei' the rules as amended these men would have been placed in class 2 if thej' had 
no children and in class 4 if they had children. However, under the first emergency 
rules the I^oard had no option under the circumstances existing in those particular cases 
but was reciuired to and did send such men to military service. 

Mailing of Questionnaire. 

The mailing of questionnaires to registrants of the class of 1917 not then in .service 
began on December I'l, 1917 and five p(>r cent per day were mailed until completion of 
the work. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 









Legal Advisory Board. 


Tl;c n- 


nsiMl ni 


Irs pnivi.ltMl 


tur the civatioii of \A-'fid Advise 


tluTHl.l 


|,l..ti(.n 


(if (|lU'Sti(>Illl 


aires and tln' Prcsidciif called U] 


Ainriic: 


1 Kiai.l 


ill this \v<ivk 




Air. .la 


UK'S W. 


^^■atts. Piv.- 


<idciit of the Lee I'otmtv Bar A 



of tllelesalfralerl^ty 
Asso(•iation was asked l.y the 
Adjutant General to nominate three attorneys as members of the Lei^al Advisor\' lioard 
and he presented the names of Edward E. Wingert, John P. Devine and William 11. Winn. 
The Board selected Mr. Wingert as Chairman. All other memliers of the liar in the couiily 
were constituted as associate memliers of the P-oai'd and ior a nioiilli there was no work 
done of any conse<iuence liy the lawyeis of Lee ( 'otiiity other than the aiding of registrars. 
Classification by the Board. 

The work of classification liy the Board was startetl as soon as j^ossihle after the qtiestion- 
naires began to come in and completed in .January of 1918. 

In October 1917 Tim Sullivan of Dixon was made chief clerk of the B<.ard and the 
Board's office moved to the Library room on the west side of the third floor of the court 
house. 

At the conclusion of the c|uestionnaire period in .lanuary llll.s.and after xhv disposi- 
tion of all appeal cases and of agricultural and industrial claims by the District Board, 
the classification of men by the Local Board, and recommendation for classification to 
the District Board, together with the men inducted by Townships up to that time by the 
Local Board was as ffiljows: 





Number 




Classification 


I by Local Board 




In Camp 


Town 


Classified 






Class 






Grant 






1 


2 


3 


4 


5 




Aho 


S.5 


31 


14 


4 


25 


11 


2 


Amboy 


210 


74 


35 


8 


77 


17 


6 


Ashton 


88 


34 


13 


1 


33 


4 


10 


Bradford 


58 


20 







27 


8 


1 


Brooklyn 


86 


24 




2 


41 


12 


S 


China 


SO 


37 




2 


33 


8 


9 


Dixon 


798 


273 


85 


8 


271 


161 


49 


East Grove 


42 


17 




2 


19 


2 





Hamilton 


.50 


17 




5 


19 


7 


2 


Harmon 


79 


25 


10 


3 


34 


6 





Lee Center 


41 


11 


1 


1 


26 


2 


2 


Marion 


44 


14 


6 


1 


19 


4 


8 


May 


41 


17 


2 


3 


16 


3 





Nachusa 


43 


17 


3 


2 


17 


4 


1 


Nelson 


86 


29 


9 


3 


34 


11 


4 


Palmyra 


71 


21 


8 


3 


29 


10 


2 


Reynolds 


79 


28 


7 


5 


29 


10 


4 


Sublette 


76 


28 


7 


2 


37 


2 


3 


South Dixon 


55 


23 


7 


2 


19 


4 


2 


Viola 


59 


21 


2 


3 


29 


4 





Willow Creek 


S3 


27 


9 


3 


33 


10 


5 


Wyoming 


91 


35 


15 


2 


31 


8 


4 



2357 823 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Total nuiuhcr classiticd ... 2357 

Total nunilier her('t(.)fiiri' sent t(i ('amp (Iraiit . . . . 122 

Total munher of questionnaires sent to registrants and not yet returned 78 

Total registration 2557 
The Local Board had reconnnended for class one classification a number of men who 
made agricultural and industrial claims who were afterwards given deferred classification 
by the District Board. In the neighborhood of 250 of such cases the Local Board was 
of opinion that the District Board had fallen into error and many attempts were made 
to induce the District Board to revise its conclusions. These attempts were successful 
in a few instances but in the neighborhood of 200 or moiv cases of this type i-(Mnained at 
the end of the war when as to most if not all of them injustice to the registrant as well as 
to others in like situation was done. 

Second Registration. 

There were two registration days for what was termed by the Provost Marshal General 
the "second registration." On June 5, 1918 all men attaining the age of 21 since June 
5, 1917 were required to register and on August 24 all attaining 21 between that date 
and June 5, 1918 registered. 

The office of the Board at the Court Hotise was the only registration office in the County 
on both dates and the Board members with a few volunteer aids acted as registrars. On 
June 5, \9\R there were 21,S icgisti'ants and on August 24 tlieic were fortv, making a total 
of 258. 

Third Registration. 

The third Registration took place September 12, 191S. This registration eml.)raced 
all men and boys from 31 to 4G and 18 to 21 years, respectively. It was done at the voting 
place of each of the voting precincts in the County. The regulations provided that 
places of registration should l^e open from 7 A. M. until 9 P. M. of the day appointed. 

The registrars were ajijiointed by the Local Board and served without compensation. 
Every man asked to serve responded and the work was performe<l in a most satisfactory 
manner. Every precinct in the County had reported and turneil in its cards at the office 
of the Board by one o'clock P. j\l. of September 13 and these reports were talnilated and 
results telegraphed to the Adjutant General at 3 o'clock P. M. of September 13. 

the names of 3287 additional registrants 
223 were IS years of age, 1447 from 19 to 
^e(|iiently came in making the total for this 

It of the Septembci' 12, 191S registration 



3287 

2974 

91 

63 

66 

93 

3271 

14 

2 



This registi 


■ation resulted ( 


.n that da. 


>■ i 


Ijeing added to 


the Lee Counts 


.• list, of wl 


lOl 


36 and 1617 from 36 to 46. 7( 


) late cards 


sit 


registration 335 


i7. 






A few days 


afterwards a re 


port of the 


re 


was made to th 


e Provost MarsI 


lal General, 


(•(] 


only those regi: 


^tered on that d 








Total reuisi 


lation 






Nativb,,r 


II citizens 






Naturalize, 


1 citizens 






Citizens b>- 


reason of f: 


ith 




Declarent aliens 






Non-deelar 


cut aliens 






Whites 








X..groes 








Orientals 







I ('), ( 


■hiiu 


I 2, Dfi 


inn; 


:irk 7, 


xii'o 


.i, Cii 


.■•■(■(•e 2, 


Al 


istria- 


12 of 


335: 


) as to 1 


the 


num- 


Age 




No. 






3S 




220 






39 




166 






40 




163 






41 




185 






42 




189 






43 




193 






44 




145 






45 




185 






T()1:i 


4 


3355 






■an Is 


1)V 


a force 


of 


35 or 


< of t 


hc'„; 


nines were made 


al. 


This 


work was 


com- 


■ks. 1. 


(.til 1 


lien am 


1 \\- 


iimon, 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

The aliens, liy birth, were from the fdllnw inii (■oiiiitrics; 
Belg;ium 1, England 12, Ireland 4, Canada 2, Italy 23. liuss 
Holland 1, Norway S, Roumania 2, Sweden 7. Sw itzcilaml 5, M 
Hungary 43, Bulgaria 5, Turkey 2. <!cnnany 15. Misccllancn' 
Subsequently a report of the total iciiistial ion ol' Sepfcmlici- 
ber of men of each >-ear's auc was made as folk.ws: 
Age No. Age No. 

IS 22S 2S 2 

19 206 29 2 

20 232 30 none 

21 10 31 1 

22 2 32 144 

23 None 33 238 

24 2 34 211 

25 None 35 223 

26 None 36 203 

27 2 37 203 
Immediately after the registration copies were made of all 

40 volunteer clerks and serial numbers given the registrants, lisi 
for publication and transmission to the Provost ]Marshal Gene 
pleted within tlii-ee days throufih the zeal and industry of the ele 
who volunteered. 

On September 21, 1918 the mailinu; of questionnaires was Ijcgun to the registrants 
between 19 and 36 years of age, 15 per cent per day of the total being mailed. The Legal 
Advisory Board again went into action and for a period of about two weeks the completed 
questionnaires came pouring in. Classification of these reiiislrants eoiniueneed innneiha- 
teh'- upon the return of the questionnaires and eonlinueil witlioiil infeiiupUon until all 
had been returned. 

On Novenil er 4. 191S the mailinii of (Hiestionnanvs to the l.S y..ar old and 36 to 46 
year old registrants luiiaii. All of tin m \v(ae mailed, but all had ihM been completed and 
returned on November 11, the date of the signing of the armistice. Subsequently the 
Board was directed to procure the I'lanpletion and return of all ciuestionnaires delivered 
to the 18 year old registrants and to classify them but not to require the completion 
of those mailed to the 36-46 registrants. Definite directions as to this eourse of procedure 
was not received by the Board until the latter part of November. 

Because of the failure to complete all (|iiestionnaires it was of course imiiossible to 
compile statistics or the results as has been done with respect to the registrants of the ( lass 
of 1917. 

Physical Examinations. 

The important task of soiling out the i)liysicall\- fit was of course under the direction 
of the physician member of the Local Board. 

When the Board was created Dr. Edmund B. Owen? 
iiHaiil er and served as .such until he left for the army on 
the niililary service as a First Lieutenant, was soon made ; 
a Major. 

Assi.sting him as examining physicians until his resignation from the Pjoard were Dr. 
C. H. Bokhof of Dixon, Dr. F. .M. Banker of Franklin (Irove and Dr. T. F. Dornblaser 
of Amliov. 



was a' 


ppomt 


ed as a 


. 1917 


. He 


entered 


11(1 sho- 


i-tiv til 


lereafter 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



^Vithin a few weeks after Dr. Owens' resignation from the Boartl Dr. C. H. Bokhof 
became his successor and served until the Board was discharged. He had as his aids 
Dr. W. R. Parker and Dr. R. L. Baird, both of Dixon, and T:»rs, Banker and Dornblaser 
wild had served from the beginning. 

wl on their work efficiently and intelligently ami rendered 
^•ice practically without conipensal ion as the very small 
11 in no case aileiiuatcly conipcnsate<l tiiein lor the many 
I hem. lliey are entitled to and should have the approlia- 
\- and the Board is glad to have this opportunity of testi- 
mamier in which they performed their duty in every case. 



All of the.se examiners c 
a high degree of patiiotie 
amounts of money jxiid to 
days of arduous work done 
tion of the people of our c 
fying to the thorough and . 



Induction of Men into Military Service. 



the Be 



ilitarv service and when 



1 created was to .•select men 
hem into service. 

acle at the office of the Provost Marshal General it was determined 
-s fiuota of the army first to be raised was 295 men, but having 
ilisted, our net quota was the balance of 173 men. That numfier 



I'iginal National Army, as it was then designated, 



Tlie end foi' whi. 
called upon to in.hu 

By computation- 
that Lee County's 
122 men recorded as enlisted, 
then was Lee County's portio 
of 687,000 men. 

On August 31, 1917 the Board was directed to induct into service on September 4 
and to send to Camp Grant on September 5, 1917 ten men. The Board was directed to 
send, if possible, men with previous military experience and to take volunteers but if a 
sufficient number did not volunteer, to s(Mid in order of order numbers. 

It was not necessary to send any men who did not volunteer for as soon as it became 
known that this increment had been called for the Board was overwhelmed with volunteers. 

While but 10 men were called for, the a.uality of the first 12 men enlisting was so high 
that the Board determined to send the 12, which was done and all of whom were accepted. 
The first man to enlist was Paul W. Chaiters of Ashton, who sul)se(|uently entered the 
thiril officers training school, was made a '2\ul Lieutenant and afteiwards ]iromoted to 
1st Lieutenant. 



The names and addresses of the first 12 and the order in wh 
is as follows: 



heir names were listed 



Order No. 








561 


Paul W. Charters 




Ashton 


295 


Everett C. Dutcher 




Dixon 


45 


Bert F. Davis 




Amboy 


435 


Gordon B. Tingle 




Dixon 


204 


Medric Hussey 




Franklin Grove 


124 


Harry W. Hogan 




Dixon 


121 


Joachim Prestegaard 




Lee 


347 


James E. Sterling 




Dixon 


53 


Wm. B. Furgeson 




Dixon 


94 


Harold L. Spencer 




Dixon 




John L. Rosbrook 




Dixon 


39 


John I. Guffey 




Amboy 


William B. Furgeson was 


ajipointed by the Board ; 


IS leade 


r of the party and they left 


Camp Grant on the Sterl 


ling Passenger at 7:20 A. 


M. of 


September 5. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



It is the uiulei-standiiig of 


the Board that Furgeson, Guft'ey, Steilint; and Cliaitia'S 


al'tciwaids l.ecame commissioned officers ami that all of the 


! remainder of this party be- 


came nun-commissioncfl officers 


; and that all Init two saw service in France, the first to 


leave for Fram-c liriiii; Spcncci- 


, who was at Camp Grant b 


nt a few weeks. 


On September IS, 1917, at 


2 P. M., 71 men were induct 


ed into .service and they left 


for Camp Grant at 4:20 P. AI. 


of September 20, as follows: 




Glen W. Palmer 


Thomas McGovern, Jr. 


(hlando Adkins 


Claude E. Heklman 


Harold Leo Bennett 


Douglas Dow Stultz 


Chester L. Carnahan 


Albert J. Haueter 


Jesse R. Johnson 


Lonnie P. Wilcox 


Milton L. Snider 


ElwoodC. Hintz 


Leslie L. Squier 


Roy L. Hannaman 


Ros.-oe K. Lally 


Ogden A . Moore 


Roland Benjamin 


Ernest .\. Luxton 


Charles Edwin Lloyd 


James P. Atkins 


l{ob,.rt L, Warner 


Lvman P. Callahan 


( uorge C. Grohens 


Gilbeit A. Stelihenitch 


Alark M. Trostle 


Urban M. O'Malley 


Clarenr,. E. Maronde 


Herbert D. McDcrmott 


Lawrence D. McCoy 


John A. Tompkins 


Albert G. Lemmfin 


Russell J. Hoyle 


Roy Riddle 


John Behrends 


Rush I. Bose 


Hari-y F. McDennott 


Ivan K. Miller 


Martin J. Wilhelmson 


Herman C. Rettke 


Otto Winiani Schade 


Clare V. Parker 


John T. Rotenberry 


Lester S. Wallace 


George W. Krehl 


Amil .1. P)ei-iKii'din 


Sanford B. Gardner 


Herbert S. Nichols 


Albert Johnson 


Ira 0. Wells 


Frederick C. Otterbach 


Adelbert L. Fcldkirclmer 


Frank J. Kennan 


Earl H. Palsgrove 


Fred J. Vaughan 


(lYiyev C. Portner 


Warren C. Zoeller 


August F. Klingebiel 


Cliffcn-d C. Eatinger 


Orliii E. AbeU 


Wihiam H. Nitsckhe 


Morris H. .Johnson 


Albert 1). Smith 


John C. Fielding 


tieorge Townsley 


Fi-ed M. Kii5ler 


(ieorge J. Papadakis 


Dudley Friedline 


Geoi-ge W. Smith 


Walter M. Smith 


Raymond C. Smith 




Karl H. Nelson 


Leslie L. Sciuicr was a])iini 


nted as leailer of this party 


and Gilbei-t A. Stephanitch, 


Ira O.Wells, EIw.hmI C. Ilmtz, 


J,,iin C. Fielding, Dudley Fi 


•iedlme and Olivei- C. Portner 


as assistants. 






The third contingent of 3.5 


men was inducted into service on October ;3rd and left 


for Camp Grant at 4:20 P. M. 


of ()ctol)er 4 and consisted of the following men: 


Joe Ringenberg 


Patrick D. McCaffrey 


Walter E. Heckman 


Charles F. Gascoigne 


Jess H. Aughenljaugh 


Alex 8. Henry 


Theodore L. Trouth 


Henry A. Johns 


Richard W. Zimmerman 


Michael W. Drew 


Signey C Stewart 


Wesley J. Attig 


Victor C. Haines 


Clyde J. Shore 


LeRoyJ.Fcldkirchner 


Earl J. Stauffer 


Floyd Kuyrkendall 


Thomas B. Clapper 


Philip L. Odenthal 


Charles Nagle 


Fred Luke 


Frank E. Chapman 


^^"alter H. Girton 


Ray A. Gardner 


John N. Prentice 


Dwight ( '. Rolph 


Alvin S. Madison 


Richard M. Newman 


.Joseph Schweigcr 


Wilbur W. Hutchinson 


Louis B. Oil mans 


( 'ail Marxmau 


Oscar E. Eckberg 


Thomas L. Rossiter 




Paul Leslie Bothe 


Dwight C. Rolph was leadi 


■r of the party. 





WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



il ofticcrs Training Sfliool; 

David C. Welty 
iti-aincd for Fort Ogelthorpc, Ga.: 



On October 9, 1917, the following man was entrained l(ir ('ain|) Lewis, Wasliingtcm; 
from Bozeman, Montana: George Hendrix. 

On October 30, 1917 the following man was enlrained lor ('ani]i Gi-anI, Illinois: 
Robert Martin Penistun. 

On December 10, 1917 the following man was entrained for Camp Grant: Pvol.ert 
H. Espy, transferred from Chicago Boartl No. 

On January 5, 1918, the following men w 
University of Illinois as officer candidates at 
S. S. Carney 

On .lanuary 9, 191S, the following man 
Ross F. Mahon 

On January 23, 1918 the following man was entrained for Camp Haneork, Augusta 
Ga.: R. A. Hoyle. 

On January 28, 191S the following man was entrained for Camp Haneock, Augusta 
Ga.: James W. Mulock. 

On .lanuary 27, 1918 tlie following man was entraineil for Fort Thomas, Ky: K. H 
Durst on. 

On February 14, 1918 the following man was entrained for Camp Meade, Admiral 
Maryland: Wylie R. George. 

On February 6, 1918 the foUowmg men were entraineil for Camp Greene, \. C.: 
E.F.Bates ( ;. A. Osliaugh 

On Fel.ruary 1.5, 1918 the following man was entramed for Fort Riley, Kansas: 
M. A. Crawfoi'd 



On February 25. 1918 the 
John 8. Palmer 
Peter P. BaiT 
Clifford W. Brown 
T. R. Mason 
George L. Davis 
George J. Schweiger 
John Berger 
Jacob 8. Miller 
Willie B. Herron 

Thcodort' R. :\Iason was 
Frank I. Card and Charles 



ned for Camp (irant : 
Fred W. 8chmidt 
Elmer C. Janguenat 
Charles M. Becker 
Robert M. Latimer 
( )laf Kaalaas 
Henry C. Vaupel 
Thomas Baird 
Paid E. Landuer 
8tcve Majewski 



tollowmg men were entr 

Floyd P. Drew 

William G. Gewecke 

Jesse Keister 

G. W. Zimmerman 

Theodore E. Spencer 

Frank I. Card 

Wallace M. Hicks 

Roy J. Ullrich 

Martin J. Broderick 

Harry D. Kuhn 
njipointed leader of the party and Theodore E. 8pencer, 
M. Beeker assistants. 



On April 1, 1918 the following men weic entraineil foi- 
Thomas J. Lavelle Daniel ( 'oakley 

Flave W. Block Peter Kittlcson 

Ralph A. Clark Leslie E. Warburg 

Albert Ruggles was appointed leader of the party. 

On April 3, 1918 the following mi-n were entrained for 
Russell G. Erbes John M. Oesterheld 

Charles Asher Richard P. McKeown 

RaymoiHl J. I.all>- Olaf Strand 

Harold L. Tennant 

Harold L. Tennant was appointed leader of the party. 



P (- 



.lames K. Kelly 
Alliert Ruggles 
Dora G. Bell 



\\'i 



Alaine: 
William F. Klmgl.iel 
Frank P>. Shook 
Joseph M. O'AIalleV 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



On April lU, 191S the followiiio- nicii wciv entraincil for Bradley Institute, Peori 
John R. Curran Floyd D. ( "liapniaii James G. Sehroek 




Camp Grant, April 26, 1918. 
On April 26, 1918 the following men were entrainetl for Camp Grant 





Harold S. Bosley 


Samuel M. Butler 


Ive Schmahl 




(^arl E. R. Carlson 


Elmer L. Stevens 


Clifford R. Brown 




Rheuben E. Bogard 


Timothy D. Timmons 


William F. Root 




Nicholas A. Knapp 


Hans Peterson 


Richard Long 




Leo Rynski 


William F. Brannigan 


Alfred M. Clem 




John A. L. Koch 


Charles E., Nelson 
William M. Loftus 


John Duft-y 


w 


Iliam AI. Loft us was appc 


inteil leadei' of the party 


and Nicholas A. Knajip 


E. 


Bogard assLstants. 






Oi 


April 30, 191S the follow! 


ig men wei'c entrained foi 


Camji Grant : 




Frank A. Hatcher 




Alfred Hendricks 


Oi 


Mav I, 191S the followii 


g men were entrained foi' 


Jefferson Barracks, Mo.: 




Lester E. Potter 


Joseph J. Dietz 


Perry John Remsburt 




Ephriam B. Johnson 


Walter Olson 


Alfred M. Johnson 




Elmer E. Berg 


Lewis R. Jorgenson 


Amor A. Lauer 




Thomas 0. Dooley 


Albert M. Dirksen 


William F. Stewart 




Geoi'ge E. Keifer 


Peter P. Kelly 


Harold W. Edous 




Arthur F. Iiwin 


Otto Friese 


John C. Murphy 




John E. Busser 


Thos. (;. Hy.lholm 


]\[ar1in Meanger 




Petei' P. Detig 


John A. Auchstetter 


John F. Carroll 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Uany J. Kcrstcii 


K.lwanl X. McBiide 


Kiiovn.' F. Henry 


.hihii A. Canialiaii 


Jerimith K. Haley 


Peter Kitchmaik 


Frfil Gardner 


Edward Montavon 


Thomas F. Atkinson 


Floyd F. Lambert 


,)(ilni L. Murray 


Fay F. Snow 


Silas J. Heng 


William M.Herbst 


Pvamond A. ManstieM 


Harry W. Alaronde 




\\'arren Phmimer 


Jului A. C'aniahan was aji] 


lointed leader of the party and 


Alfred M. Johnson. John 


A. Aiirhstcttcr and Jiilin L. Murray assistants. 




On Mav l(i, litis the loll(>\ 


.viiiti men were entrained for Fn 


rt Renjamin Harrison; 


William.!. Malian 




William K. Peilly 


On May 2(1, li)IS the follov 
land • 


iing men were entrained for Cai 


up .Meade, Admiral, Mary- 


William Afi-new 




Clayton Miller 


On May 22, 1918 the toll. 


)wing men were eiitrain(>d for .. 


h'fferson Barracks: 


Joseph H. McCleaiy 


Marion E. Powers 


Walter Suckran 


Jacob R. Shank 


J(,lin P. Pvife 


Frank W. Bowers 


Christian J. Kehni 


Fred W. Jansen 


Edward W. M.^Cary 


Harry Vaupel 


William Rufienstein 


Alfred J. Herrmann 


David Gordon Moore 


John J. Scully 


Henrv Ziiike 


:\Iartin Howell 


Herchel A. Pruitt 


l!,.vCarlsen 


Harry E. Grouse 


Joseph Heckman 


McCord S. Holler 


Sterling D. "Wilson 


Edward T. Kelleher 
Lawrence E. Timmons 


Ray B. Lepley 


Joseph H. McGleary was 


appointed leader of the party : 


anil David G. Moore and 


McCord Holler assistants. 






On May 25, 191S the following men were entrained for C 


amp Gordon: 


Timothy F. Keane 


Carl D. Rosenkrans 


Fred F. Buchanan 


John Bott 


Neil McL Hopkins 


William T. Edwards 


Adolph G. Scheffler 


Lonnie Alsman 


Lewis T. Long 


Herbert A. Kersten 


Thomas McKay 


Raymond C. Pyatt 


Jake Xafziger 


Christian W. Jansen 


]\Iike Kummer 


George H. Engelhardt 


Oscar J. Kersten 


John W. Myrtle 


Walter G. Taylor 


Sam Buccola 


Arthur E. Tennant 


Edward F. Humphrey 


Philip Choth 


John H. Eisenberg 


Ernest 0. Bryant 


James T. Hood 


John Ryan 


John S. McKeel 


James Biggart 


Charles E. Walker 


Walter J. Morrissey 


Frank J. Andrews 


William F. Edwards 


Chauncey A. Lindsey 


George W. Eberly 


Clifford J. Washburn 


Ira M. Leggitt 


(iuy E. Moulton 


Jasper J. Doan 


Edgar W. Resser 


John A. Cornier 


Fred Peiper 


Thomas C. Garland 


Elmer H. W'oods 


Frank H. Thornahlen 


William \-. Mondloek 


Aaron F. Kelley 


John H. Powers 


-Michael H. Sontlergroth 


Alliert H. Weinrich 


Frank E. Gramer 


August J. Knefer 


Cliarles D. Hotchkiss 


Ruben C. Grain 


Roy Eccles 


Frank J. Sullivan 


Raymond Ortgieson 


Clifford C. Emmert 


Fred B. Dimcan 


James F. Cashion 


George W. Carr 


Roy Fay Lovcring 


Harry Norton 


Dudley A . Ward 


Bernard F. Faley 


Leonard Johnson 


Wm. MacBeth 


Harry Fi.shback 


A'ernon C. Sliippee 





i ,««^^^^'"l 


li^.^^P*liSwi-: " ''. !i| 




E^.*-L^ 


1 ^^^t''"^ ■ 




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jf-r- *. .^ 1 


I' 


m- ^^4 


1 ^jf-^iP 1 




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'■ • ^iC^-.!' V t >r)^B^K^^Hl^^^n 


1 




IB' .■•^^■'"J 





WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



George W. Fox Gordon G. I'tley 

William L. Penrose Earl Wliitsell 

James R. Kelly Lloyd Pettinger 

Jerome Strange Fred E. Schoaf 

Magnus J. Reis Stanley Sofolo 

John J. Ryan Henry 0. Snyder 

Willig C. Rabbitt Luther Fockler 

Ralph J. Fanelli Leroy J. Kent 

Jerome M. Elsasser George E. Willard 
Wilbur K. Fox 
James R. Kelly was appointed leader of the party and Wi 



Joseph Zjmorn 
Elmer E. Slagle 
Leslie F. Lovell 
Earl Bowman 
Clarence Watson 
Lewis R. Rock 
Joseph P. Brannigan 
Lloyd E. Overcash 
Rex D. Flach 
Wellington Butler 
1. L. Penrose, Dudley A. 



Ward, Vernon C. Shippee, Gordon G. Utley and Walter J. Morrissey assistants. 
On May 30, 1918 the following men were entrained for Camp Thomas: 



James E. Whitford 
Edward Girton 
Orley Webber 
Leo H. Blass 
Guy M. Book 
Benj. A. Sandmer 
Ezra J. Lam 
Daniel Klein 
Jesse H. Slaybaugh 
John Siemans 
Oliver D. Thomas 
Jos. Villiger was appointed \vmU 
and Charles E. Whitford assistants 



Charles E. Whitford 
Edward Leyan 
Byron H. La Fever 
Albert F. King 
George J. Mc Kenny 
William H. Baker 
Edward J. McFadden 
John P. Yetter 
Paul Dunseth 
George L Brace 

of the iiartv and John P 



Wilson H. :Meyers 
Harlcy L. Swart z 
Fred W. C. Schulz 
Henry C. Schafer 
Levi N. Paige 
Raymond Losey 
Joseph F. Villiger 
Thomas Douglas 
Murray L. Clapp 
Samuel A. Miller 
Clarence Gantleman 
Yetter, Raymond Los 




Northwestern University and Valparaiso University, June 14, 191E 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Ottc.XatluinCnl.lMiiiih Paul A. F. Zick 

On .liiiic 14, lOlS ilic lollciwiiit; men were cnUainiMl lor Noit liwotcin University 

Itapliarl .1. i:»rc\v iMvdcrick W. OcsUaiicl.l (liiy H. Simonson 

Harold H. Briirl.n ,lo>ci.h ( '. Craft' Charles V. Bishop 
IVank S. Perry 

Charles F. Bishop was appointed leader of the party. 

Iluiih A. Srnnetf Herl.erl F. Sniitli 



On June 14, 1918 the 1' 


,.ll,,wi.; 


i.ii men were 


itv, Alissotu'i. 

Ira H. Oakland 




(leori^e \V 


Jules :M. Hur.l 




( >tto Bhiii 


August W. Ahiiison 




Ivlward J 


Henry P. Klein 






Jules M. Hurd was ap 


pointei 


1 leadci' of tl 



William H. 


Tullv 


Charles J. ( 


lillan 


Clarenee 1., 


Shavei 


Pvi.'hardC. 


Iteilly 


W. l^renner 


assista 



Un June 14, 1918 the followin,ii iLien were entrained for Rahe Auto Srhool, Kansas 
City, IMissouri. 

Francis E. Duvall Uillmr Smith Thomas P. McCann 

William E. Kite l.re B. Kreitzer FredDoulos 

Frank Rugglcs Henry L. Drew Silas W. HattoiL 

Charles Roy Archer Frederick L. Biester William J. I^U(4dey 
Daniel iMcIntyre 

Silas W. Hatten was appointed leader of the party and Thomas P. MrCami assistant. 

On June 23, tlie following men were entrained for Sweeney Auto School; 

Howard E. Tompkins Ralph E. Pugh Emil P. Boehme 

John Joyce Frank M. Shaffer Lawrence Iv Moeller 

William Maloney Horace O. Boone Lee H. Cool 

Faustin Murphy Frank J. Oester Oscar S. Smallw 1 

George E. Downey Clayton C. Elliott John J. AI(dnlyre 

Clayton F. Coon iMarvin K. Wooddell 

Clayton C. Elliot was appointed leader of the party and Alarvin E. Wooddell assistant. 

On June 25, 1918 the following men were entrained for Camp (Jrant : 

Hugh McKay, Jr. Harvey W. Norton William I!. Bradley 

Edward Ventler William McGuire William C. Mason 

Elmer E. Kessel William H. Phun Earl E. Emery 

Job M. Welker Otto C. Kastner Ernest Crouch 

William Untz Charles "W. Fryborg Leonard T. Bowers 

Leon C. Fritz Charles L. Derr Marvin L, Ohsann 

Harry P. Pothe Melvin L. Thurm Otis M. .lohnson 

Martin G. Marxmann Zachariah Adams Paul 1!. H.aim 

Elwood J. Reister Russell A. Wilhelm Frank J. Miller 

Roy C. Mackley Stuart E. Wilson David Butler 

Herman A. Rednour Alvin O. Olson Lewis J. Bucher 

Martin Witzel Hope Billeter Orville W. July 

Chester W\ Shaulis Arthur John Mensch Owen Andrew YoungMood 






.«^ 












WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Charlos II, Freed 


Chrystal Witzel 


John W. Mrlnerney 


Carl L. (.'link 


I'A-eritt A. Bolhvar 


Ir\ing ]'>. ( 'ounli'yman 


Harvey G. Willett 


Fred H. Holler 


Martin W. Si<>hernc 


Harrison Wagner 


Charles Flock 


Hay Leas 


Alfa Snyder 


Bemiie E. ()lson 


l!ov M. Jones 


John Thomas, Jr. 


Andrew J. O'Malley 


Joseph M. Fwpton 


Joseph W. Wilson 


Charles H. Buckley 


Loy A. Shoemaker 


William Adams 


Percy Williams 


Wilbur \V. Wilhelm 


Hobart E. Gentry 


Arthur Pieper 


Kay Brogley 


Conn B. Williams 


Benedict C. Jeanblanc 


Clau.le Iv Berk<.y 


John -M, Keay 


\'alerie Dragan 


Emery C. Erbes 


Edward J. Henry 


( "harles E. Skinner 


Carl l^ishop 


. Francis P. Becker 


James Groth 


Th(,nKis P. Hurke 


William J. Long- 


William U. Biggart 


Ole Stienslo 


Luigi Minnoci 


Amel Priebe 


Sherwood P. Jacobs 


Benjamin F. Fowler 


Robert McDonald Walker 


Earl J. Long 


Haile Jones 


Charles H. Ponto 


George E. LeFevre 


Christian F. Kliiijiehiel 


Joseph W. Polony 
Alfred Krahenbiel 


Francis B. lunmans 


Conn B. Williams was a]i|) 


)iiited leader of the party and Charles H. Buckley, Andrew 


J. O'Malley, John Thomas, V 


'in. McGuire and Earl E. Emery assistants. 


On Julv 12, 1918, the folh 


wing men were entrained for Le 


vis Institute: 


Lloyd E. Birdsong 


' I'raneis F. Haynes 


Arthur T. Hcfley 



On July 29, 191S the following nu^n were entrained for Camp Forrest, Georgi 
Thomas G. Kachos Hugh A". Duffy John O. Selgestad 

Xorman A. Berogan James M. Devine 

James AI. Devine was appointed leader of the party. 



Camp Forrest, Ga., July 29, 1918 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 




Camp Grant, Aug. 2, 191 




Harrison High School, Chicago, and University, Chicago, Aug. 15, 1918 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



On July 31, IfllS tlic t(ill(i\vii.,ii ii;. n 
cuse, Xcw Ycii'k. 

William Philip Biirln'iiii I'lv^ 

Hem y Francis Briscoe 
Wm. P. Burhenn was appninted le: 
On August 2, 1918 the followint: i 

James Dickerson George \\ 

Ernest Nelson was appointed lemlr 
On August 14, 1918 the tuUowiiiii i 

Stanwood J. C. Griffith 
On August 15, 1918 the followiiiti i 

Frank W. Branigan 
On August 19, 191S the tnll,,\vinti n 

Alban F. Saundeis 
On August 30, 1918 Roherl -M. Cu\ 



K. S. 
is \V. 



igo Tni 
iiig 1). 1 

-oil Tec 
lihrn W 



Vink, 

. \\V'. 



llilev, K:i 




South Division High School, Chicago, Sept. 1, 1918 
On September 1, 1918 tlie following men were entrained for Old South Division High 



School, Chicago: 

Llovd H. Duffy 



Walter U. Hoffm;i 




Camp Giant, Sept. 3, 1918 



^--1 




vm 




WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



(Jn 8epteinher o, 1918 the followinji; men were entraiiieil ior < 'ani]) (liant: 
Myron N. Cummins Percy Lee Thompkins ( leor^e H. Walker 

Rae E. C'hadwiek John Bott Clarence A. Sanlnrd 

William H. Collins Clarence Powell Fivderick W. Zanger 

Cecil H, Sunday Wavne A. .Milliken Ralph O. Will 

.lanu^s F. W,H,d' ■ Pvalph W. Kucknian 

Ralpii W. Ruckman was appointeil leader of the party and Myron X. Cmnniins 
sistant . 

On Septemlier 4, 191S the following: men were entraine.l for Camp Crant ; 
Fred Smith Edward F. Harvey Joseph L. Honimor 

Elijah C. Jones Charles G. McGrew John M. Honeycutt 

Joseph T. Mc( 'affrey William 0. Auchstetter John H. Bell 

William K. Miller Raymond R. Brown Leslie N. Corwin 

Franklin F. McCray John C. Gardner l^lmer L. Holcomb 

Joseph H. Eichler Joseph Herzfeldt Byron L Atkinson 

Ralph W. Spielman Henry J. Kelly Leo L. Henry 

Cecil W. Tollinger Ralph P. Thompson 

Edward F. Harvey was appointetl leader of the i)arty and Fred Smith and John 
Honeycutt assistants. 

On September 5, 1918 the followini^ men were entrained for Cam]) Forest. Ga.: 
Floyd E. Cox Nathan Loan John F. Brasel 

Edward Hazlip Conrad Ltel Galen (lerdes 

L'ving 8. Baker Irving Loring Clayton Miller 

Rueben J. Levan Albert Florschiietz George H. Johnson 

Guy E. Freas David Westboe Howard Edwards 

Vernon C. Perkins Howard Bennett Michael Charvat 

John F. Brasel was appointed lea.ler of ihe partv and Howard Edwards assist:: 




Cairp Forrest, Ga., Sept. 5, 1918 

On September 5, 1918 the folhiwing man was entrained for Camp Forest, Ga. : 

Richard P. Marshall 
On September 6, 1918 tlie followiii,a men were enti'ained for ('amp Grant: 

Harold F. Sheller Fretl E. Furin 

On September 6, 191S the following man was entrained for Camp Grant; 

Jesse N. Sarver 
On September 16, 191S the following man was entrained for Aviation Mechanic Sch^ 
St. Paul, Minnesota: 

Rubert I. Tarr 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 





Camp Grant, Sept 6, 1918 

On September IS, 1918 the folldwiiiti mm were eiitniiiK 
Illinois: 

Glen C. Roscrrans 
On Septeml;ei- 2:3. 191S the iolldwinii men were enti 
Columbus, Ohio: 

Rav T. Lnnev 



Jreman High School, Sept. 18, 1918 
,1 lui- bSicniKin Selioob Chieago, 



Lloyd .1. Turner 

lui- ('(ilumbus Barraek.s 



C. nir 



(1 f.ii ( 



On October 14. 191S the lollowinK men were ei 

Carl D. Hess La wreiiee ,1. Kelly \i(lii(( Mutm 

On October 14, 191.S the follow mti nun \\( le entiaiiied toi ( hi( mo I iii\(isit\ 
Clarence L. Bothe .lames H\aile 1 ail 1' H( tt. mloi 

Thomas H. Geigei V\ Mn \ Riehanlson I tank D (.udnci 

Thomas H. Geiger was appomhd leadi i <it the party. 




Officers Training School and Tanks, Aviations and Motor Truck Transportation 

On October 14, 191S the following man was entrained for Washington B:irraeks. Wasl 
ington, D. C: 



Wm. A. Dixon 

October 14, 191S the f( 
Irving X. Bauer 



lien were entrained for Camp Polk, Raleigh, X. C 
\V. Ciilbert .James D. Knetsch 



On Oetolier 14. 1918 tl: 
Miss.: 

Harold Ro.ssiter 
On October 15, 1918 the following 

Scott K. Byers 



wmg men were entramc' 



Pavne Field. West Point, 



Dwight 13. Chapman 
d for Columbus Barracks, Ohio: 



,.^^^"•1:^ 


mf 


^i-^ 


ji 


u tj^j^lH 




g: ..■ 




Ik^mum 


' mi 


^^Mmm^ 


^s:^^m^ 


; -— "'" ^Rg 


^^M 


L> 


Mi 




IRI*'^ 


W 


.--... 


w^^- I 


1-^ 









WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 




On October 22, 191 S 

Brigade, Mineola, L. I. 

Joseph Bucher 



Chicago Uriversity, October 14, 1918 

Florian F. .M:i<-k 



( ■htrcncc L. Kelly 
Otiii H. Cutter 
On Octoler 22, 191S tlie lullowinu men were entrained for Tank ('(irjis. Camp Polk, 
Ealeigh, North Carolina: 

Lyal E. Cook .lelm II. Ilerrera 

On October 22, 191S tlie tnllowinfi' man was entrahied for Payne Field, West Punit, 
Mississippi: 

Harry A. Sehuler 
On October 21 1918 the fdlkiwinii men were entrained for De|)t. :\rilit. Aeronautics, 
Aero. Gen. Sply. Depot & (!ard: 

Lyle C. Taylor ])ewe>- 1'. Parke 

On October 23, 191S tlu' following men were entrained f.,r .leffei'son l^arracks: 

Ray P. Finland Anthony .b Herrmann 

On October 30, 191S tlie following man was entrained for Fort Sheridan, Illinois (Motor 
Transport Corps). 

Amos R. Richardson 
On Octoler 30, 191S tl:e following man was entrained for Aeron, (ien. Sply. Dep. efe 
Cone. Camp Oai'den City, L. I. 
Evans A. Kettley 
On October 30, 1918 the following man was entrained for Camp Upton, Long Island: 

Philip E. Pomeroy 
On November 6, 1918 tl.i' following man was entrained for Field Artilleiy. Central 
Officer's Tr. Camp, Louisville, Ky.: 
John L. Davies 
On November 2, 1918 tlie following man was entrained for Camp Johnston, Florida: 

George E. Eoynton 
On Xovemlcr 11, 1918 the following man was entrained for U. S. Navy Mobiliza- 
tion Station, 619 S. State St.. Cbicago, 111. 
James E. Haley 
On October 30, 1918 the following man was entrained for Tank Corps, Camp Polk, 
Raleigh, North Carolina: 

Wilbur H. Brecuider 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



During September and the early part of October, 1918, the foUowiiiii 
listed, were inducted into service as members of the Students Army '1 
went into training at the sevei-al I'niversities and Colleges named 
ailniiltcd into this Department it was neccssaiy that the rrgisti-: 
age and under 21 and that he have a high school education. 



The men so enlisting and the instilu 
Howard E. Smith, Universily ol' ( 'hi< 
Charles Chandler, Chicago I'lii. 
John C. Brady, DePaul Uni., ( 'hicag. 
William L. Kugler, Iowa Agri. I'ni. 
Allen J. Wiener, Uni. of Illinois 
Earl S. Rynearson, Uni. of Illinois 
Sterling D. Schrock. Uni. of Illinois 
Elmer D.Enghsh, Uni. of Illinois 
George L. Schuler. I'ni. of Illinois 
Edward B.Wingert, I'ni. of llhnois 
Chailes F. Andrews, Uni. of Illinois 
James R. Keigwin, Uni. of Illinois 
Vernon Knapp, Uni. of Illinois 
Edward J. Ryan, Uni. of Illinois 
William P. Rock, Uni. of Illinois 
Eugene G. Cahill, Uni. of Wisconsin 
Benj. E. Roberts. :Milliken Uni., Deca 
James H. Tosney, Notre Dame Uni. 
Frank F. Fitzsimmous. Notre Dame 
Royal Gerald Jones, Notre Dame I'li 
George A. Graham, Northwestern Ui 
Edwin M. Bunnell, Northwestern I'n 



V Traiiii 


mg 


( 'i 


irjjs and 


lelow. 


In 


ord 


er to be 


t lie ov 


'■'■ 


IS 


years of 


sent \V( 
n, Chi." 


■;;■ 


I'l 


follows: 
li. 



Uni 



Cordell A. Wood, Northwest ei 
John D. Kempster, Ji., Caith; 
Eric Alvin. Cartilage College 
Wilbur Lee Hoff. Coniell C.l., 
Carroll P. Lahman, Cornell Col 
Daniel P. Raymond, Knox Co 
Norvald G. Maakestad, Liithc 
William N. Rogers, School of 

For a nunilier of months 



Alt. \'( 



o whom they \ver( 
Ralph M. Cariiah 
Cecil L. Emery. Chicago, Ciii. 
Thomas II. Rock, D.d'anI Cni.. Chicago 
Clifford McKinely. Iowa .Vgii. Uni. 
Albert B. Whitconibe. I'ni. of Illinois 
Frederick R. (uidley, Uni. of Illinois 
Alervin C. Lawtoi,, Tni. of Illinois 
I.lovd T. I5artli<ilomc\v, Eni. of Illinois 
Robert E. Eds,m, Eni. of Illinois 
Rodney E. Spangler, Eni. of Illinois 
Forest D. Meirinian, Eni. of Illinois 
Robert P. Powell, Eni. of Illinois 
Dorman C. Anderson, Eni. of Illinois 
Raymond K. Worsley, Eni. of Illinois 
Raymond Dysart, Uni. of Wisconsin 
Luther L. Durkes, Uni. of Wisconsin 
Jerome F. Dixon, Notre Dame Eni. 
Vincent L. Downs. Notre Daiiu! Eni. 
Edward J. Root. Notre Dame Eni. 
Leo J. Kurd, Northwestein Eni. 
Orno J. Kersten. Northwestern Eni. 
Lyie H. Searls, Northwestern Eni. 
Stanley F. Thorpe, Bradley Institute 
Earl B. Carlson, Carthage College 
A. P. Kent, Cornell Col., :\It. Vernon. la. 



Clyde H. Emmert. Cornell Colli 
, Iowa Arthur J. Oester,Dubii( [lie ColIc! 

, Galesburg Ralph :\I. Flick, Lewis Institute 
( 'ollege, Decorah, Iowa 
Migineering, Milwaukee, Wis. 



low: 



■gistrai 



re permitted to enhst in the army but ulti- 
mately enlistments were stopped except through the agency of Local Hoards. 

In addition to the induction into military service of the increments listiMl abovi' there 
were scores of cases of individual inductions, some of them being enlistments in the de- 
partmi'iit of the army selected by the registrants. 

In all. through the agency of llii' Local Board. O'i.i men were inducted into service divided 
among the .several towns of the County as shown in the succeeding table. 

It is understood that upwards of GOO more men went from this county to the army 
and navy, consisting of the unit that was formerly Compan>' G, 6th Infantry Illinois 
National Guard, which afterwards became Battery C, 123rd F. A. and of afiout 500 more 
who enlisted before enlistments were forbidden. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



The registered men inducted into service through the local Board, the percentage 
from each town, the population of each Town by the latest official figures, being the 1910 
census and the percentage f>f population of each Town in the County follow: 



Name of 
Town 

Alto 

Anihoy 

Ash1,m 

Bradford 

Brooklyn 

China ' 

Dixon 

East drove 

Hamilton 

Harmon 

Lee Center 

Afarion 

May 

Nachusa 

Nelson 

Palymra 

Reynolds 

South Dixon 

Sublette 

Mola 

Willow Ci-eck 

Wyoming 



Number of men Percentage of 



inducted 

30 

87 

45 

11 

45 

43 
382 

11 

18 

23 

14 

16 

13 

11 

17 

20 

23 

15 

22 

18 

23 



Total 
()32 
. 094 
.048 
.012 
.048 
.046 
.413 
.012 
.019 
.024 
.015 
.017 
.014 
.012 
.018 
.021 
.024 
.016 
.023 
.019 
.024 
.041 



Population 


1910 Percentage 


Census 


of Population 


916 


. 032 


2600 


.093 


1069 


.038 


689 


.024 


1365 


.049 


1174 


.042 


8591 


. 309 


598 


021 


469 


.017 


764 


. 027 


871 


.031 


654 


. 023 


613 


.022 


699 


. 024 


539 


.019 


880 


.031 


643 


.023 


797 


.028 


963 


.034 


604 


.022 


886 


.031 


1366 


.049 



925 



100 



IS helping at the time of 



ited Chief Clerk and R. C. Bovey assist- 
rom time to time until the close of the 



Clerical Help. 

Reference has already been made to I he i>ei 
tion of the l.oanl and for several months Ihen 

In November 1917, Tim Sullivan was appoi 
ant chief clerk. Many volunteer aids woi'ked 
work, chief among them being Charles H. Johnson, Abram Ackert, Louis Pitcher, A. E. 
Simonson and others, all of whom were availaljle when needed and some of whom were 
present almost daily and rendered most valuable services. Miss Marguerite Burke, 
stenographei- in the office of State's Attoi'iiey Edwards, whose office was next door to the 
rooms occupied by the Board, did a large part of the letter writing and other stenographic 
work. 

Mr. .lolmson was on duty daily for mtmy months and his woi'k was of special value. 

In Scplemlier I91S Private Harold L. Slieller was detaik'd as office assistant of the 



B< 



nd s( 


nt home f 
il inuiiedi: 


oni ( 'a 
tely be 


lip 
■or(> 


Sulli\ 




han,l 


lail 


■ount 


'ss details 


of his 


offi( 



Uv 



d ]iroficient services from 

(>!■ the work of the Board 



attended 



onscientious and 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



In the early miiiiiik r nl I'tls tL<' Boanl was ,!iivete.l t,., if jiossil le, rnivi.le U>v tlie 
giving of seme preliininai y military training to ail mm then ur theivaftcr plaei'il in Class 
one. 

Aeroi-dingly an eHort was made to locale in the county men capahh' of suiiervising 
this training. The <'ffort was stieeessfiil and capalile drill masters were ohtanied. The 

county was divided into districts and th.' n diiveted to attend at stated periods foi- 

drill. Those near Rochelle, were trained ai Koehelle, those from Hamilton Township 
at the Village of Walimt in Bureau County an. I the others at Dixon, .Vinhoy, Franklin 
Crove and Paw Paw. Tlie men iviiorting at Dixon .hilled twi.'.. a wvek an.l those at 
the other towns ..n<'e a week. Tills w.>rk c..iitinued until tli.' signing of the armistice. 

The drUlmasters. pla.'.' ,.f traimng an.l ih.' nani.'s of th.' T.iwiis fnini whi.Ti the men 
came are as follows; 
Dixon— Capt. Samuel W. ( "usliing, c.imniander. T.)wiis of Palmyra, Xelson, Dixon, 

Nachusa and South Dixon. 
Amboy— Mr. F. P. AlcCreary, comman.lei-. Towns of Amlioy, Marion. Harmon, East 

Grove, :May, Sulilell,', Lee Center. 
PawPaw— :\Ir. .Vrthur Cli.>wmiig. .■..mmander. Towns of Wyoming, Willow Creek, 

Brooklyn an.l \i.ila, 
Franklin (;r.)V( — Mr. H. P. Hilhish. .-., mmander. Towns of China, Asliton ami Bradford. 
Koch.'ll.- ('apt. ThiMidoiv Scha.l.-. c.)mnianiler. Towns of Alto and Reynol.ls. 
\\'alnut — Capt. commander. Town of Hamilton. 

The work done l.y l.otli the commanding officers and men was .•minently satisfactory 

and resulted in great g 1 to tin' men having the training who were afterwards m.lucted 

into service. AMaii tli.'y ivai'licd tin- training camp tlii-y had acjuired some of the rudi- 
ments of military drill an.l .liscipline and di.l not enter upon their military life with the 
handicap as to such matters that were borne by the others who had not had the advantages 
of some military training. The thanks of all concerned are due to the men w'hose names 
are above given, together with the many unnamed capable assistants whom they called 

Newspaper Aid. 

The newspapersof Lee County were of great assistance to the Board. From the begin- 
ning to the end the columns of all i>f the County papers were at our disposal for any pub- 
licity desired. 

The Dixon daily papers published eomijU'te lists of all registrants together with the 
order and serial number of each. The weekly ]iapers in the other Towns in the County 
published such lists as to all of the Towns in which they circulated largely. Almost daily 
it was necessary for the Board to call ujion the jiapers for necessary imblicity and there 
was a prompt response in every instance. 

The papers published in the County during this period were; 

Dixon Evening Telegraph Franklin Grove Reporter 

Dixon Evening Leader Ashton Gazette 

Amboy News Lee County Times (of PawPaw) 

The point of view of the Board as to the service iierfonned by these papers is perhaps 
hest shown by an identical letter to each which was sent by the Board on December 9, 
1918, as follows; 

"The work of the Local Board for Lee County has lieen completed and its records 
closed. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



On bclKilf <,f the ]^(Kinl I wish to tliaiik you lur the ji«'nen)us aid wln.-h VdU liave 
griven us. 

We have called u|)nii the ne\vsi)ai)crs of Lee (•(imity very (ifteii for necessary 
publicity duriiiii- the past IS nioiitlis and to every call every paper has promptly, 
generously and efficiently responded. 

An acknowledgement of your good woi'k and friendly aid is tlue and is gladly 
given. 

Yours very truly, 

Local Board, Lee County, lUinois. 

By Henry 8. Dixon, Chairman. 

A consideial.le |iortion, in fact it seems to the writei- the principal jtart, of the difficul- 
ties of the Local Board was caused l)v thecrratic conduct, of a majoritv of the District. 
Board. 

Lnder the rules the Local Board had original jurischction over cases of alleged ilepen- 
dency and the like, with its fiiKhngs suhject to appeal liv the registrant or the Govern- 
ment to the Distri<'t Boanl. 

The District Board hud original jurisdiction over claims to deferred classification 
presented on account of business or occupation, such as farming, railroading and the like. 
The Local Board was required to investigate and make recommendations in such cases, 
which was done in every in.stance. 

The icstdt of such cla.ssification and reconunendation of the first registration is shown 
by lownshi])s on a jii-evious page. The work was done by separating the questionnaires 
by townships and taking up the investigation of one town at a time. As a result the 
a\-erage numbei- of men placed in class one by the Local Board in the purely agricultural 
towns ot the county was but IS. 7, oi' one man for each 1179 acres in each full size tow'n. 
In handling matters in tliis way it was possible for the Board to and it did treat men of 
the same type in the same way and thus deal in a reasonabl.y fair manner with all regis- 
trants. The questionnaires of the men taking appeals or making claims for deferred 
classification because of their occupations were sent to the District Board ass,°mbled bv 
Townships and that Board re(|Ueste(l to h.andle them by Townships in order that men 

so handled but on the contrary were disposed of in a very loose jointed manner, with the 
result that a man on a certain farm was placed in class one and another of the same type 
with exactly the same character of claim and living in the same neighborhood was placed 
in class 2 and some other neighbor of the same character and surroundings put in class 4. 
The result can be imagined. Initially the Local Boanl was criticized but finally in the 
majority of cases at least it was learned where the fault was and who was to blame. The 
District Board gave deferred classification to approximately 250 young men of the fir.st 
registration whom the Local Board had icconnuended for class one. Li some cases there 
was room for doubt liut in otlieis a great mist.ake was made and a great wrong done both 
to the registiant, to others similarly situated who weic placed in class one, and to the 
Government itself. 

As a result whole families were excused from military service. We know of one in- 
stance where a f.amily had eight sons of military age, all claiming to be farming, although 
one left tending I ai' but a short time before and this family had no one in the army. Another 
family with six sons and all claiming to be farming antl none in the army. In each of the 
cases cited most of the sons were geiniine farmers and should have been given deferred clas- 



ililic 


S Willi 


1 the ( 


■iiikIu 


ct 


's, 


aii.l 1 


llic Iv-1.4l( 


■rs 


res. 


,r Dix 


(in.ca 


rh \vi 


th 


ir ( 


iardiK 


'i-hrot 


hci-s 


of 


■als 


from 


office 


of 111. 


I'll 


ave 


been 


a goo 


.1 tlill 


llg 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

siticatioii hut each family shoukl have been represented in the army and would h 
lieen had the Local Board findings lieen followed. 

When one comiiares such conduct of the registrants and their 
of other families in the county such as the Rnxlerick's, Hrana^ 
of Anilioy. the Buckley's of .Maytown and th,' Mahan> an. I Midi 
three sons in the service or the four Tompkins ludtlicrs and tin- 
Dixon in the service it is enough to make one feci thai a few rm 
in authority who tolerated and permitteil such niisconduct wouK 
for our country. 

The conduct of the District Board was so much criticised l,y the l,o("il Boards in the 
District, by registrants and citizens generally, that a reorganization of it was made through 
the office of the Adjutant General. Steps to that end were begun in the summei- of MUS 
and four additional members of the Board recommended for appointment by the (lover- 
November 8, 1918. too late for the new appointees to take hold, and institute tlie icfoiins 
that it is hoped and believed would have been made effective. 

The four additional memliers so appointed were Judge ,James S. Baume of (ialcna, 
J. C. Seyster of Oregon, L. H. Burrell of Freeport and L. ('. Thornc of Sterling, all of them 
strong men, jierhaps the leaders in their respective counties. It would hav<' been most 
helpful to have had these men on the Board from the beginning, for in conjimction with 
Judge Carpenter, who had clone good work on the District Board, it is manifrst that the 
proper attention would have been given to the gauzy tales and fraudulent repii'sentations 
made by some of the I.ee County registrants and from all of the other counties as well. 

In General. 

The Board had no easy task. Its woik was in many ways ai-diious, yet in some re- 
spects pleasant. In thi' begimiing it had but little assistance fiom the general public. 
Many persons would sign the supporting aflidavits of registrants without reading them, 
apparently as readily as many persons sign letters of recommendation. The language 
in the affidavit to the effect that the alleged dependent was actually- dependent upon 
the lal3or of the registrant for support, or, that the registrant was the manager of some 
fanning entei'prise meant nothing to some of the signers of the supporting affidavits, 
at least it so seemeil to the Board. This was in the early stages of the work. However, 
conditions as to sucli matters improved remarkably as the war progressed. In the early 
days the situation as to such matters was so bad that it was thought necessary by the 
Board to call before it several hundred registrants and their witnesses and personally 
interrogate them. As a result of such inciuii-y the tendency to present untrue or un- 
justified claims diminished, in xane instances severe treatment of the claimants and 
witnesses was necessary. There were some cases, in the early experience of the Ijoard, 
where it is quite likely that criminal prosecution for perjury and for conspiracy would 
have been warranted, but the board was of opinion that such miscorduct arose either 
through want of proper understanding of the matter, cowardice, selfishness, or lack of 
sympathy with the prosecution of the war and that it was the pohcy of the government 
to raise an army and not to fill the penitent iaiy. ( 'onse(|uently no prosecutions were 
instituted, although a number of the offenders were investigated and warned by Federal 
officials and others dealt with by the Board in such a manner as to make it reasonably 
certain that there would be no fui'ther ground for complaint. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



As time progressed the Boai'd was given more aid from the people of the county by 
letter and by personal interview as well. In every town in the county we had several 
loyal intelligent aides whose information given us could be relied upon. Then with the 
progress of events a diflVicnl and Ijetter spirit on the part of all concerned became evident. 
The young nu^n wanted to go into the military service and not be excelled in that parti- 
cular by their neighbors who had gone. Parents became Ijraver and less selfish. Long 
before the end of the war a most creditable and worthy condition obtained over the whole 
county and the fraudulent or false attempt to evade military service became the exception. 

All the way ihrougii the att(nipts at evasion of duty were niinoj- on the part of the 
registrant liiuisclf as compared with such action on the pari of parents and other relatives 
and of employers. We had but few cowards in Lee County. The Board's troubles were 
caused more by the cowardice and avarice of third persons than by any other cause. And 
there was comparatively little of that after the situation became thoroughly understood. 

Howevei-, it was hard to always keep in good humor. It was difficult at all times to 
control one's temper. Perhaps the greatest aggravation of all was the insistent telephone. 
During the busy times the telephone at the Board office was constantly in use — several 
hundred calls per day. And outside of business hours the Board members had no rest. 
One of the Board members latest telephone call was at 1 :30 A. M. and his earliest call 
3:30 A. M. Another at one meal time was called to the telephone on Board business 
18 times during the course of that meal. \'ciy frequently the members were called at 
home by someone in town or down in the County and asked what the speaker's order 
number was. Of course with over 6000 niiinhci-s it was cei'tain that th(> answer could not 
be given without reference to the record. 

Hundre<l.— prolial.ily thousands — of requests were made lor the doings that could 
not possibly be done. It seemed in many instances any action that interfered with the 
personal jileasurc or iiinv('ni( lire (if the registrant should, from his ]ioint of view, be avoided 
or he should le excused. 

Ihe correspondence was very large. 5000 sheets of letter paper were used in less 
than the first year. Perhaps 10,000 letters in all were written. 

The detail was very great, for every registrant had the right to have antl did have 
an individual ivcdrd and an individual treatment of his case. The wonder is that the 
work was done as well as it was and we fully realize that in many particulars it could 

While there was troulile, and plenty of it, there were many pleasant and amusing 
instances, ni.any ii<liculous occurrences and some that were pathetic. To recite them 
would in nian>- instances lead to a disclosure of the names of the persons involved and 
(his we feel would not Ic liked by the parties concerned and therefore a recital of them 
had best not 1 e made. 

However, perhajis no harm will be done 
who has gone away. He had been locked up 
}h' wnite as lolhiws: 

■■i am at L'Oli Benlor St. .loliet. if you 
ways i dont no how to rite to white folks 

dont get this letter let me no and i will i 
in jail-no more i told you how i was how 
j'ou again lawarnce martin ease i dont want to get in jail no more. 

law: 



jirinting a 


letter 


from 


a col 


ored 1 


irother 


Dixon, but 


got f 


lUt of 


jail a 


11(1 left 


town. 


ant nie to ( 


■onie 1 


Kick t( 


1 Dix 


on i w 


•ill gite 


how so pie: 


ise do: 


lit get 


ni:id 


:in(lh: 


ive me 


more j:iil t 


his is 


Law:r 




iiartin 


if you 


:■ you anothi 


er one 


case i 


(hint 


w:int 


to get 


vant on the other 


side i 


sped 


: i bet 


ter tell 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Aid from Public Officials. 



States Attoiiu'V Kdwaids wa^ 
the Board in conducting its invest 



Tlie Sheriff 


■'s office and police depar 


tmeiii 


Is of the 


City of 


Dixo 


11 and .Vii 


iilxiy ; 


ill 


did 


everytliino- in 


their jiower to a; 


ssist lis. 


I'ai 


■tieular n 


iiention 


shoul 


il 1h' nia< 


le of 


Sh, 


•riff 


K. R. Phillips, 


Cliicf Deputy V. 
1 Chief ,1. 1). \:i: 


A. Sell,) 
11 Bilihe 


enhol 
r, Ofl 


iz and 1). 
:i,-ers Wu 


■put>- St: 
Iters aiK 


inard 


,, Coliilllis 

■ttstein of 


■ Dixo 


A. 


B, 


\\'hitc()nil) an( 


1 \\i 


iiid 


^larshal Kollc 


her and (IfHeer 11 


olleran ( 


)f An 


ilioy. 














The postni; 


isters (if ihe (■ouiii 


ty an,l t 


hen- ( 




uld hav( 


■ P=n-' 


ieular eon 


iinien( 


lali 


on. 


The activities < 


.f the Lee (■(Hinty 


Board : 


iiid 1.1 


ther l^oar 


ds reiiuii 


■ed tl 


lat they h 


andle 


tli( 


)US- 


ands of pieces 


..f mail and ahii. 


ist wit In 


nut e 


xeeption 


their s,'i 


■vire 


was one 1 


liundn 


.'A 


per 


cent. The Im 


Ik of the lalior of 


the eol 


isecm 


ent good 


work w 


as <l, 


me l.y an 


d lUl.l 


er 


the 


direction of the following poslma 


sters. W 


m. F. 


Hogan o 


f Dixon, 


John 


P, Harve 


vof A 


mil 


ioy. 


and Joseph A. 


Roesler of Ashi,.i 


1. And 


the postmasters in the 


■ COUI 


ity not n: 


lIlK'd : 


.ho 


11 Id 


be commended 


and have the tha 


nksc.f ll 


le Bo 


ard for tl 


leir duty 


so well done. 









The Day's Work. 

It is to he doulited if those not closely in (ouch willi Boanl affairs have any inforniation 
with respect to tlie daily pressure of work on the Boanl meniliers and clerks. In l.rief 
they were on duty, subject to public call, antl, in fact actually called on occasion, for 24 
hours a day. True this did not happen every day but the telephones at the office and at 
the residences of the Board members were in use nearly every day before da>- light until 
miihiight. The annoy.-ince in this respect got so bail that the writer linally did not answer 
his home phone when it would ring before his ordinary rising time in the morning, or at 
meal times or after going to bed. To have done otherwise would have ref]uii-ed spending 
practically all of his time at home and while awake at the telephone. He felt that tlie 
business of the Itoard ought to be done as far as possible in business hours during the 9 
and 10 hours a day that the Board office was open. 

In Conclusion. 

Each Board member was drafted as effectively as the men whom they sent to military 
service. They were not consulted as to their desire to serve but simply notified that if 
they had any notion of resigning that resignations would not be accepted, but that in the 
absence of the most imperative reasons each was expected to serve for the duration of 
the war. Tliey seivcd piaclically without pay, tin- triffiiig allowance made to them 
1 I'ing recognized by the Wai- Dei'artnieni as const if uting no proper measure of com- 
pensation. 

The work done by the Boanl while conHning ami somi^what anhious was not always 
unpleasant as there are many |ileasaiit mi iiioiies ami a constant recognition of the fact 
that before tin in and in their presence was proved the loyalty and p:itriotism of the great 
body of the young men of Lee County. We can testify truly and do so gladly, that the 
young men of Lee County, taken as a whole, are loyal antl good citizens, and that we 
believe those who went from us into the military service of our country demeaned them- 
selves as good soldiers and sailors and that in case of need we could have sent as many more. 



CHAPTER XVI 

Medical Advisory Board 

Bv A. K. SiMdxsox 

Till- .Medical Advisory Board for the Gtli District was organized February 5, 1918 
altlioiiiili the members of the board had been appointed by Governor Lowden some weeks 
before in January and although the members soon took up the active work of examina- 
tion of registrants, the appointments were not confirmed by the President until nearly 
a j^ear later. This was true of most of the Medical Advisory Boards of the state and was 
not due to any objection to the qualifications of the members but to the confusion and 
rush of work at Washington and also to the many changes in the personal of the various 
boards due to enlistment in the service and transfer to other boards. The 6th District 
Board, coniposed of Physicians from Lee and Whiteside, had at different times on their 
l-ostei- sixteen medics, tlie best in the profession in the two coiuities. 

Fersonell of Board. 

When the war closed and tlie armistice had been signed, the Sixth District ISIedical 
Advisory Board consisted of tlie following members. 

Medical Advisory Board 
State of Illinois. 

District No. 6— Will embrace Whiteside and Lee Counties and serve all local boards 
therein. 

Headfiuai-ters— Grand .Jury Room, Lee County Court House, Dixon, III. 

Fersonell as given the Department at Sjiringtield. 

IxTERXLsTS— Dr. Clinton H. Ives, Dixon, Secy.; Dr. Chas. C. Kost, Dixon; Dr. Chas. 
G. Beard, Sterling; Dr. George Maxwell, Sterling. 

Surgeons— Dr. Edward S. Murphy, Dixon; Dr. William H. Perry, Sterling. 

Eye, E.\r, Nose and Thro.\t— Dr. T. (3. Edgar, Dixon; Dr. K. B. Segner, Dixon; 
Dr. Franklin W. Esky, Steiling; Dr. E. A. Sickels, Dixon. 

Neurologists — Dr. H. B. Carriel, Dixon. 

Dentists— Dr. William McWtthy, Dixon; Dr. Fred E. :\Iorris, Dixon. 

They were all, on Dt-ceinbei' 'iO, 191S, awarded the bronze Servici' button of the War 
Department, desigm^l and east for Me.lical Advi.sors Boards of the I'niti-d States. 

The board sent from its membership three members into the service, Dr. Z. W. j\Ioss, 
Dr. W. H. Perry of Sterling and Dr. E. A. Sickels although the Armistice was signed before 
Dr. Sickels could overcome the red tape of the various departments of the Service. Dr. 
Perry was stationed at Ft. Riley for a time and came out a captain and Dr. Moss, in the 
South. l)i-. Kost, his only son in the service as was the two sons of the Chief Clerk, so 
you see the niemliers of the Medical Advisory Board of the 6th District really did their 
part in helping to make an army. From the day they organized in January 1918 to that 
in Septeinlier when the Armistice was signed and they knew their work was done they 
all came t<i the front ready and willing to do a little more than was required of them if 
by doing so they could contribut.e a little liel|) towaiils the goal for which all loyal people 

110 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



>civ iioi all a i-oiitimia 


1 n.ui 


ail. if 


pl.'asiu-c 


stoiv iirat.irs sccinc 


.1 t.i 


iJilli 


k. M.ai 


(1 t(i lie pciirclly >n\u 


1.1. n 


i.ai \\ 


ith iilass 


cmI whrn they were 1U 
1 ,'v.'iv cinccivaM.' ai 


rii.'.l 
liii.'ii 


1 ail. 


11 l.v the 
1 waiit.'.l 


ay t.. the Army. Da; 


is \vl 


i.'ii ( 


liainnan 


>t his dates niixcil U] 


) ail. 




t us half 


1.1 even then \\v s.ait 


l.a.-k 


.111.' 


hundred 


.,111 10 A. A[. 1.. (i 1' 


. M. 


Th 


osf were 


y om^ tliDUsaiiil .■.iiii| 


,!.■(.■ 


.■xaii 


linations 


lOUr, fiv.nifiit X-ray 


plat. 


■s \vt 


■re made 



were striving- -and believe us, thcis.' I'xaiiiinat i.ms \ 
for the Doctor.s and Clerks as sdini' .if ili.' latiai 
with affidavits of broken lea:s that an X-ia>- show. 
eyes who lia.l iiot by tin- first .■xaniiiiatiiiii and lai 
eye expert- l!i\iiist rants who .m the other han.l ha 
to trim the Doctors when told they were on tliiar w 
Mitchell of the Whiteside County Local H.iar.l li 
of the population of his county to l^e exainiii.Ml ai 
and fifty with .■oniplete examinations, w.irkiiii!; fi 

The Board at its regular sessions made nearly' 
of registrants and some examinations lasted an hour, 
and many chemical tests made by John Roberts, Dr. Murpli>-'s otfi.'.' assistant, and one 
of the ivally valuabl.' assistants in the work .,f the boar.l. Mr. Roberts serv.'.l .lay after 
day witliout pay as .li.l all members of the Me.liral B.iard. Members .'Vii pai.l ih.'ir 
own car fare taken m attendance at meetings. The only exiteiis.- t.i the (iovernment 
of the meetings of the board was the salary of the Chief Clerk, and a f.'w assistants during 
the rush hours. when the board and Chief Clerk called to their aid to assist in the Clerical 
work during examiiiati.ms. tlie following giaitlenien: 

Charles II. .lohns.ni :\Iayor Mark D. Smith 

Walter Earl Worthington George B. Shaw 

George Beals E. T. Fulmer 

Stewart Neetz Att'y George C. Dixon 

Richard C. Bovey Father James J. Clancy 

William Krolin Vernon Cortright (deceased) 

and Corp G. H. Sinionson of Camp Grant. 
The st.iry of tli(> workings of the b.iard w.uil.l not be complete without an a.'knowledg- 
ment of the assistance and invaluabl.' h.'lp given by Henry S. Dixon, Chairman of the Lee 
County L.ii'al Board. Nosacrifice s.'.aiied to great f.ir him to make in time aii.l personal 
effort to speed uj) the examinations aii.l especially t.i get the Slacker into the Service. 
This board not only examined the registrants living in Lee and Whitesitle County 
but also examined for other local boards hundreds of registrants from nearly every state 
in the L^nion.made duplicate copies of the examinations and returned them to the board 
where th.-y liad registered. 

After the appointment of Maj.ir ,Iohn M. Dodson, former Dean of Northwestern 
L'niversity, as medical aid to the Governor and the selection of Major Edgar B. Tolman 
of Chicago to have charge of all the draft work in this state with headquarters at Spring- 
field, there at once was a better understanding in all departments of the draft work 
and between th.> different boards an.l work at once speeded up. Had Major Tolman 
been in charge from the beginning the woi'k of the members ami clerks of the various 
boards would have been a joy forever. 

However, all tried to do their best, all gladly gave of time and money and their best 
efforts to the Cause and now that it is all over — W^e are content to 
" Palmam fiue merent ferat " 



CHAPTER XVII 

Dixon's Young Men's Christian Association 

By E. B. Raymond 

With the signmg of the armistice on Novemljer 11, 1918 suspending hostilities between 
the armed forces of Germany and other Central European powers and those of the United 
States, France, Great Britian and their allies, this tremendous conflict which for four 
years has involved m.-iiiy and affected to a Ki'eatcr or less (lciv,-ce all of the nations of the 
world, is virtually ciiilcd. The period of the wai- closes ami tin- jieriod of re-adjustment 
and re-construction liegins. Perhaps never before in this country has there been such 
a union of all forces, such a l)lending of all classes, creeds and conditions of people working 
together for the accomplishment of a common ]3uri50se, as in the rallying of American 
citizenship foi- the defeat of Prussianism, and the pei'maiient estalilishment of demo- 
cratic liberty- anil justice. 

With the thought that efforts put forth in each connnuiiity and tlie names of the men, 
wom(>n and organizations contributing to the success of the war policies will be of interest 
to future generations and that a record thereof should be jireserved, it is the purpose of 
this article to set forth some of the activities undertaken by the Young ^Nlen's Christian 
Association of Dixon, Illinois, during the war period. 

Soon after the outbreak of hostilities in 1914 and before the United States became 
involved, the International Committee of the Association with head(iuarters in New York 
was asked to undertake welfare work among the armies in the tielil and in hospitals and 
prison camps. Similiai- work had been successfully carried on by this organization in 
the Spanish-American War, the Russo-Japanese War, and during the mobilization of 
American forces on the Mexican border. Work was at once inaugurated in Russia with 
the British forces in Flanders and in Germany, and American Seiretaries placed in charge. 
Later the militaiy authorities of France and Italy apjiealed to America for men and funds 
to carry on similiai- work, as it was found effect i\-e and of great value in sustaining the 
morale of the men while away from their homes ami in aiiny camps. A national campaign 
for funds was inaugurated in the United States and camixiign managers appointed for 
each State. In Illinois, Lee County antl Ogle Count>' wei'e districted together, and the 
Dixon Association being the only oi-ganized unit in the two comities, was ask(>(l to be 
responsibh' foi- the campaign. The Directoi's of the Dixon Association at once met, 
accepted responsibility, sent icpicsentatives into the towns and villages of the two counties 
to enlist local co-opei'ation and in November inid, laised and for\vard(>d the account 
reciuested from this Disti-iet, about .Sl'iOO.OO. 

ign Work Department of 
India, .hipan and Sinith 

■ope from whence support 
Association held a public 

1 Association worker from 





At .about the sam 


e time ,ai 


11 ui-gent call came from the I 


till 


• International Col 


nnnittee 


stating that the work in ( 'hi 


An 


leiie.a had been sei 


■iously ei 


iibanassed thru eomlitioiis in 


foi 


■ tins Dep.-irtment 1 


lad previ 


ously been drawn, and tlii' Di^ 


mi 
Im 


vting in the Metli, 
lia. ,as speaker am 


)ilist Chn 
1 thru a 


iich with Harry White, a retui 
canvass comlucteil locally abi 


wa 


riled for this lorei^ 


111 work. 





WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, IL LINOIS m 

After the declaration of war by the Uiiiled States, ami witli the expansion of military 
and naval forces, the gathering together (if uiillidiis nf nuii in i raining camps, and the 
immediate transportation of troops aliroad. the demands upon the Association for its 
work multiphe.l many fold. In the Atitimm cf 1<.)17, .lohn 1!. Mnit, Chaiiman cf the 

Nati.ina! War Work (■(umcil ..f the V. AI. C A., and Sherw I Ivldv, who had spent 

four months on the Western Front, issued a call for ?35,000,000 to provide for thi- needs 
of the Association War Work for the coming six months. The country was appalled at 
the magnitude of the sum. Men accustomed to raising money stated that it was impos- 
sJMe. Lee anil Ogle Cotmties together were given a quota of S35,000 and the I~)ixc)n 
Association was asked to organize a campaign and raise it. The Directors met imc Sun- 
day morning at the Association Building, accepted the ([Uota and arraiigcil to cover the 
two counties in automobiles on the following Tuesilay and enlist l(jcal leaders. A week 
or so latei'. i-ejiresentatives of both f'onnties met at luncheon in Dixon, accepted th.e quota 

secured in nearly every T<iwnship, amounts appoitioned and a dehnhe week set tor the 
campaign, in Novemfier 1917. Alore than .?.36,000 was raised, a report from State Head- 
quarters of subscriptions and collections under date April 3, 1918 being as follows: Lee 
County f20,053.26. Ogle County $16,03.o.ri7, total S;36,088.83. Subsequent collections 
were made and remitted, increasing this ;nnount, liut definite record is not now available. 
The Campaign throughout the whole country resulted in the raising of more than $53,000,- 
OOO.CO. 

The success of Air. ,1. DerKinderen, Cieneral Secretary of the Dixon Association 
in effecting a county organization which made the atio\'e campaiiiii a sui-cess. k d to his 
appointment as Executive Head of the Membership < 'anipaign for the Lee ( 'ounix- ( 'hapter 
American Red Cross in January 1918. He accepted the aiipointment , jiroviding the 
Association released his time, which iT(|uest was readilv granted. At a Husiness Alens' 
Luncheon where the Red ( 'ross Alcndership Campaign was discussed, Air. Der Kinik'ren 
modestly stated that he believed 10,000 meml.iers should be secured in Lee Co\uil>-, which 
was more than three times the membership then existing. Certain Dixon men present 
replied that if he would jjut on a campaign and secure 10,000 members, they woulil present 
him with a suit of I'lothes, a hat and a pair <if shoes. The campaign was organized, launched 
and c( mpleted in nndwinter with snow and drifts making the roads impassabk', and weather 
conditions which maile puldic meetings out of the question, l)Ut more than 12,000 members 
were secured. Air. DerKinderen soon afterwards left for Europe to take up Association 
War Work, liut the suit of clothes, hat and shoes were not overlooked. 

At al out tkis time the Lee County Finance Coinmitt.v was oi-ganized witli represen- 
tatives m (ach Townsliip and \'illage, whicli Connmttee undertook the direction of all 
subsequent campaigns for war purposes. Man>- of the workers enlisted by the Associa- 
tion, accepted positions on the County Finance (ommittee and rendered splendid service 
in (vfry rndertaking throughout the entire jieiiod. A complete record of the work of 
tiiis Committee has l:een preserved and it is umiecessary to duplicate that record in this 
article. Sufhce it to say that the next campaign for funds for Association War Work 
was merged in the United W^ar Work Campaign in November 1918 wherein S170, 000,000 
was raised to provide for the needs of the various organizations including the Y. AI. C. A. 
This is the largest sum ever known to have been raised by voluntary subscription for any 
philanthropic object. Lee County maintained its record and over-subscribed its quota. 

The men officially conn(>cted with the management of the Dixon Young Mens' Christ- 
ian Association and active in war undertakings during the foregoing period are as follows: 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



,]()s. I>r Kiiulcren,GeiK'ial Sccivtai-y. 1914 to Alarch IfllS when he entered oversea's 
t^erviee. 

Allen W. Davis, Genei-al St'eretary Alay 191S to iiresent. 
DIRECTORS 
E. B. Raymond (President 1914 to May 1918) 
H. H. Hagen {\. President and President since May 1918) 
E. H. English Oliver :\I. Rogers Homer E. Senneff 

Jno. B. Crabtree J. C. Watlsworth Carl Biichiier 

Jno. E. Meyer H. W. Harms Jno. T. Laing 

J. W. Cortright A. W. Leland Dr. W. C. MeWethy 

Ray Miller B. S. Sehiklberg Dr. K. B. Segner 

Harry Stauffer Robt. W. Sterling 

The Dixon Association sent from its membership four Secretaries, three of whom 
saw oversea's service, and nearly 100 officers and enlisted men. Many public meetings 
were held with able speakers, thus contributing to the right formation of public senti- 
ment. 

With the close of the wai- and the return of the men to civil life, three montlis free 
membership with all the privileges of the building was at once extended to every return- 
ing soldier and sailor including young men in the Student Army Training Corps. A 
special Assistant Secretary and Phj^sical Director has been secured to study the particular 
needs of the young men returning to civil life and assist in finding suitable employment. 
It is the aim of all those connected with the Organization to serve to the utmost these 
splendid young men who have gone from this community, laying aside every personal 
ambition, and enduring privation, hardship, separation from home and friends, and in 
some cases, returning disabled and incapacitated for manual labor, in order that the ideals 
of our country for right and justice, might be established and maintained. 



CHAPTER XVIII 

Food Administration 

Bv A. R. Whitcomee 

On September 1, 1017, Mr. L. 8. Griffiths of Amboy was appointed Food Adniinis- 
trator of Lee County. He proceeded to organize the county by appointinji town-ihip 
administrators, wherevei' it seemed leasable, to help him in carrying out Ihe ic(|uireiiieiits 
of tlie (iovernment. This he did throughout the winter and spring until it bccuiue ap- 
jiarcnt that his duties as sciil cxpi'rt , which by the way was as necessary to the war activi- 
ties as lliat of Focid .\(liiiinistiat(i|-. would necessitate his n^signation. 

In the spring of HUS he w:;s succeeded by Mr. Ames H. Hoswciith who had held the 
position of township adnnnistrator since September I'.IIT. Mr. lioswrnth's work was 
very comphcated and became more so as time went on, for it meant the checking up of all 
the elevators of the county to prevent their overloading and td see that the grain was 
shipped to the market as rapidly as jiossible, to see that farmers and laliorers cooperated 
in the handling of wheat so that tlieiv might be m. delay in getting it to the consumer, 
and to ferret out the hoardeis of Hour and sugar by those who were unscrupulous enough 
to defy the country's call to rally to her aid in cai'ing both foi' thi' soldier ami civilian 
population of the country. 

Very few realized that when one man hoaided a C[uantity of flour or sugar it meant 
that some one of his neighbors might have to go without. This of course had to be 
investigated promptly and the injustice |)ointed out to the offender. The conservation 
of all kinds of food products had to be carefully watched and effect iv<'ly iiromoted. This 
took untiring activity. 

From September 1, 1918 to October 15, 191S the allotment of sugar for Lee County 
was 2700 pounds, not nearly enough to care for the needs of the people in the preserving 
of the fall fruits that would otherwise have gone to waste. The Food Administrator 
succeeded in having this allotment increased to 6700 pounds. It took hard work to ac- 
complish this and to see that all were treated fairly in the distribution of this allotment. 
Then there were the complaints of the dealers and consumers which came into the office 
daily and hourly and which must be separately investigated and justly dealt with. 

Mr. Bosworth loyally and faithfully devoted his time to the work of food adminis- 
tration, he succeeded in keeping the grain moving to the markets, he helped the dealers 
with their allotments and he was always i'e:id>' to explain the reciuii-ements of the Govern- 
ment to those who were entitled to know. 

The Food Administration was one of the most necessary adjuncts of our war activities 
and its successful accomplishments in Lee County was due largely t(j the mitiring energy 
and skill of "Sir. Bosworth. 



CHAPTER XIX 

Memoranda of Delinquency Committee 

By Albert BoRi-iX 

As the various measures for fiiiancinK the war wci-o promoted, such as Liberty Bond 
sales, Red Cross, Y. M. C". A., Knights of ( 'oluinlius. and other war fund drives, the de- 
termination to get as wide a iHstrihution as ixissililc Ix'caiiic a part of the policy of those 
carrying on tliis woi'l^. and was a pdint conslanll^- urged hy th(> riovernnK'nt . 

This was l.ascd on flic line principle that this was a just war in which cvi'iy individual 
within the conHncs of the United States should l.e interested, and should show an in- 

deavors. 

It also l)ccaiiie appaivnt after the experience in floating the first and second loan, 
that there was not as wide a distril)Ution as there should he. The attitude licing that 
bonds were for people having ready money, people of means rather than tlie a\-erage 
individual. In most instances, this was through lack of knowledge of bonds, and because 
of the fact that the ordinary investments of the average individual had not heretofore 
had within its scope the buying of bonds. 

It developed however, that there were a certain runnber of people who were amply 
able to do so, who did not iiei'form their part in these activities. Naturally, those who 
were consistently lioiiig their (hity felt that all sliould do likewise. 

This situation resulte.l in the creation of a c(,nnnittee on delincpicnt subscribers, which 
c<,nunitt<>e was create.! by tiie Finance Connnittee of L.'e C.unly.and had as its personeil 
the following members: 

Albert Borst Henry S. Dixon ,lno. P. Devine 

A. B. Whitc(,mb Henry Kenneth 

Within a i-easonable time after the date set for voluntary- suliscription in these various 
campaigns, the township clKiii-nian of each town within the c(]unty transmitted to this 
committee the names of those who had failed to subsciibe together with the amount of 
their ([Uota. and the coniiiiit tec mailed to these individuals a notice stating a time and a 
place at which tlu'v unght subscribe, and also stating that in the event they considered 
their quota excessive, the committee would hear siu'li argunieiUs as they might produce 
to prove this to be the fact. In most instances these ])co|)le appeared and paid the full 
amount of their quota, as in most cases it was (>vident that there was good and sufficient 
reasons why they could not attend to this on the day set apart for that purpose. In 
some instances, it was agreed that the (juota was too high, and these ciuotas were reduced. 

A second lettei- was then sent out to those who still failed to respond and another 
opportunity given them to do so. This brought in considerable number of those still 
in arrears, lnU whom tlirough carelessness or otherwise had failed to perform their share. 

Later, a final and more drastic letter was sent calling in those who up to this time 
had not peiioinicd their duly. This means resulted in narrowing the matter down to 
a few inchviduals, ami in some instances resulted in the receipt of letters by the com- 
mittee from some of these people in which they asserted what they seemed to feel were 
their rights and in efTect stated that it was no part of their obligation to support these 

lUi 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



war activities. Usually a r(iiitViciic(' with the (■oniinitlcc causcil Ihcni tu chanfic their 
minds and siilisevibe. 

As a result i)f this jinicess of eliniiuaticm, there were hut h'w individuals who failed 
to respond. I'or iustauee, in the last Allied War Fund .Irive, the names of nine hundre.l 
throughout the county who had failed to suliscaihe on the day set apart for that imrposr, 
were given to the eoininittee. When the eoiiiiiiittee had eompleted its work, hut ahout 
sixty remained. 

After the day set apart for suhscription to the iMmrth I.iherty Loan the names of four 
hundred non-subscribers throughout the eount\- wiae turned in to thf committee, and 
through tire process previously stated, this was i-educed to a point where there were hut 

their (hity. 

I'Avry individual in Lee Cmnty who peltormed their share in these matters expected 
every otlna- in.Hvidual to do so likewise. Each also h'lt that they lia.l a ri-lit to know 

be made known, and the committee decided that the hest wa\- of making this known 
w-as through the nii'dium of a bulletin board, hence such a hoard was erected and located 
in a prominent place in the County Court House sciuare. This was used in the Fourth 
Liberty Loan and on it was written the names of the individuals who failed to siihscrilie 
to the Fourth I.iherty Loan, after having been given every opport imit>' to do so.and aftei- 
their cases had been carefully revi.'wed and the comiiiiltee had come to the conclusion 
that they were amply able to do so. and that it was simply a (lUestion of iiiiwillinij;ness on 
their part to perform a just obligation. 

The committee on delinquents endeavored at all times to show no iiijusti<-e to anyone, 
and a careful review of their work shows that this attitude was mamta,ined thioughout 
the entire course of their work. The bulletin board was not used so as in an>- manner 
to force, intimidate, or scare people into taking a part in these activities, as it was not 
introduced until after the day set apart for voluntarv subsci-iption to the 1th Libertv 
Loan. 

The people of Lee County may well be pi-oud of the spii'it of patriotism that mani- 
fested itself in concrete hnin through inactically universal subscription to all war activi- 
ties, in fact we doubt if there is a coimt.v in the State of Illinois which is ,«, nearly 1(10' (, 
perfect in this respect. 



CHAPTER XX 

Committee on Meetings and Speakers 

Henry C. Warxer, Chainnan 

Doubtless the most enjoyable features of the war activities in Lee County, were the 
speaking campaigns conducted throughout the County, on behalf of the Liberty Loans, 
and the various charitable organizations. 

Able speakeis addressed numerous meetings in each Township in the County, and 
proved conclusi\iiy that from the viewpoint of platform talent, Lee Count}' could right- 
fully claim a position in the front rank, as well as in all other features of the splendid war 
record which her citizens made. 

The patriotic spirit engendered as a result of the first meetings held, increased per- 
ceptibly as the campaigns progressed, and some of the communities that were perhaps 
a trifle tardy about heeding the appeals made through other channels, rapidly responded 
to the eloquent and convincing arguments of the members of the speakers' bureau, and 
interest in the meetings and the results obtained, increased perceptibly as the work pro- 
gressed and the organization became more proficient. 

Reynolds Township in one of our last drives, adopted the unique method of getting 
results by holding a meeting on a certain Friday evening in each school house in the Town- 
ship. A prominent citizen of the Township invited the speakers of the evening to his 
home for supper, where his good wife provided a most boiuitiful and sumptuous repast, 
and one of the most effective speakers, an earnest and devout member of the Catholic 
Church became so enthusiastic and so intt'vested in the work that he partook freely of 
a delicious pork roast, entirely oblividus and unmindful of the fact that by so doing he 
was infringing upon one of the establishc<l rules of his Church. 

On this same evening, the local chairman of at least two meetings in the township, 
very thoughtfully and perhaps wisely, olitaincd subscriptions for the entire quota allowed 
to the school district, before introducing the s])cakers of the evening. If space permitted, 
much lUdic niifihl be related of the intcicstiiiii incidents of the various campaigns; of 
the Ijoi-rowiiin, witliout permission, of a Ford auto for a trip to a meeting at the Maytown 
Church on a stormy cveninii', and of its miring in the mud on the return trip late that 
night, and of tlic very s])icy antl entirely impolite conversation that evening between 
H. S. Dixon and M. J. Gannon after the chains, somewhat hastily and loosely adjusted, 
had torn both rear fenders from the car; of Clyde Smith, retiuning in great haste from 
the Reynolds C'hurch to a beautiful object of his affections in Dixon, and forgetting to 
stop at Franklin drove for Albert Rorst, who reached Dixon by train about three A. M. — 
how John Byers in a heated argument at Compton related a l)o>-hood experience of having 
his feet frosted by going barefooteii to a pasture in Lee County after the cows the morning 
following the Foin-th of July, and of Hon. J. P. Devine and H. C. Warner in a Ford auto 
floundering in the sand endeavoring to negotiate one of the sand hills in the southern 
part of the County, when flicv were finallv rescued hv a good farmer's wife and daughter 
who helped th<>ni ,,ut. 

It is sufficient to say, however, that from the vicwiioint of all who participated, the 
efforts made were highly compensator\-. and will always afford most ] Icasant recollections 
of an agreeable service well performed. 

118 



CHAPTER XXI 

Town of Alto 

By AI. M. Fkll 

The war activities of the town of Alto were conducted by committees organized by 
the Lee County Council of Defense. The organization appointed the town committee 
consisting of M. M. Fell, chairman, Andrew Richolson and Thomas F. Kirby. This 
committee had charge of the war work in the tnwii. rndcv them, and having charge 
of the respective school districts, were the foUowini^, also appiiiiifcd by the ( 'ounty organiza- 
tion of the State Council of Defense, as follows: 

Steward district— M. M. Fell, Andrew Hicholsoii, Thomas F. Kirby, H. K. Sherlock, 
Ira Cooper, L. D. Hemenway. 

Bates district — Albert Bates, H. G. Herrmann, B. C. Chambers. 

Bly district— M. H. Bly, Peter M. Johnson, Thomas Burke. 

Peterson district — Isaac Peterson, Louis Prestegaard, Morris Cook. 

Hill district— A. O. Hill, Martin Hall, E. C. Espe. 

Thorpe district— R. C. Thorpe, C. J. Ferris, Patrick Kerry. 

Smith district — Elmer Smith, H. W. Harms, Jr., Martin Hermann. 

Acting under the general direction of the committees above named the town after 
the creation of these committees, in the fall of 1917, subscribed liberally to every call 
made upon it for money, and in each instance the amount called for was oversubscribed. 
The allotment of the town for the First and Second Liberty Loans was purchased entirely 
by the First National Bank of Steward, and by the bank sold afterwards to its customers. 
The amount so taken under the First loan being $25,000, and under the Second S50,000. 
The Third loan and subsequent loans were handled in a different way by individual sub- 
scribers, and this also was true of the War Savings Stamps campaign. 

The total money raised in the town for war loans was as follows: 
First Liberty Loan . . •<;2.5,()nO Third Liberty Loan . S4.'),900 

Second Liberty Loan .50,000 Fourth Liberty Loan .'iS.l.oO 

I^ifth Liberty Loan .S4I,300 

War Savings Stamps 

Quota .S2L4.50.00 Amount Raised . .S22,14.'i 00 

The town was also a lit)eral subscriber to all funds such as Red Cross and the like. 
The first Y. AL C. A. campaign realized $600; for the Knights of Columbus $137 was 
raised. The first Red Cro.ss subscription resulted in .12231.37 being collected, and the 
United War Work drive in the autumn of 1918, realiz(>d S21S0, when the town's quota 
was but $1563.7.5. 

The Red Cross local organization was very active and a vast amount of work was done 
by the women of the town. Mrs. Albert Daum was secretary of the organization, and 
attended to the greater part of the detail and management of the work, but was supported 
to the fullest extent by substantially all of the other women of the town. 

As nearly as now can be ascertained forty-one men from the town of Alto entered 
the miUtary service, and a considerable number of them became members of the Ameri- 

119 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



can Expeditionary Forces, and were engaged in the great battles in France and Belgium. 
It has been impossible to ascertain the names and the military record of all of the men. 
This is to be regretted but a diligent attempt to secure all of this information has resulted 
in getting tlie names and records only as hereafter given. 



The 



hst ot m 
I at this 



the town with such other mformation as it has 




H.VRRY Watts Stk.\wbrid(:;e — Son of ]\Ir. and Mrs. H. S. Straw- 
bridge, was born .Ian. 31, 1S91. He enlisted in the Navy Dec. 5, 1917; 
was a member of Co. H 3(1 Bat.. 4th Regt. at Great Lakes. He was 
taken sick with Spanish influenza and sent to Great Lakes Hospital 
and (bed the 27th of September. 191S. 






PvT. L. E. Sheklock— Enlisted Oct. 1, 19bS, ^^■as in the student's 
Army Ti-aining corps and sent to De Paul University, Chicago, Oct. 3, 
19bS. While there lie contracted influenza, and after a few days illness, 
(He.l Oct. 11, 191S. 



CHAPTER X^II 

Amboy's War Activities 

By p. M. James 

It is my privilege and pleasure to write the account of the activities nf Aniboy during 
tlic war period. Before proceeding to outline the various branches (iF woik and making 
the list of our boys in the service. I would like to state briefly thai thcic has been a very 
loyal and enthusiastic response to the cdmiti-N's demands and tlia1 the ]ie(iple of .Amlmy 
have done themselves credit, in the uk st lol list manner they have shoiildei-ed the vaiious 
oliligations and th( y with nnlhens of others have willin.iily sacrificed in oiilei- td pronud- 
gate the great principle of truth and democracy-. 

These men were at tiie head of .\nd oy's war activities: 

P. :\I. .James memhei- and secivtary of the I.ee (■(nmty auxiliaiy of the State Coiuicil 
of nefense; mend'cr of the county e\e(aiiive connnittee: imaiibei' of the Amboy township 
fiii.ance (-(.nnnittee; county .hrcctoi' of tlie hted Cross and of (luest ionnaiivs. 

F. X. Vaughan, chairman of tfe Ami oy hnance conniuttee: membei- of the Neighbor- 

1 1 committee; Red Cross, and cbauiua.u of the And oy Liberty Loan connnittee, and 

iiK inber of State Council of I1efen.-e. 

.lohn AI. Egan, member of the county's auxiliary of the State Council of Defense; 
member of the finance committee. State ('(juncil of Defense, Lee County, nu'mber of the 
count>- executive committee, and inciiiber and secretary of the Lei^ County exemption 
boanb 

Herbert Conner, cliairman of the Food and Con.servatioii Committee. 

]>. T. F. Dornbla.ser. on the examining board of the Lee County exemption board. 

J)v. W. L. Berrvman. sei-ved in an excellent manner in caring for the teeth of our soldiers. 



SOLDIERS' RELIEF WORK 

Mrs. W. .]. Keho was chairman of tbe connnittee on conservation and thrift of the 
Amboy township Women's Comnuttee of the Council of National l^eb'iise. The other 
memlcrs <,f the committiv were: .Mrs. C. A. Zeigler. Miss M. J. Burnham. .Mrs. B. L. 
Hewitt, .Mrs, F, X. Vaughan, .Mrs. .). P. Brierton and .Mrs. H. Kieb'r, 

This committee made a thorough house to house canvass in tin- cit\- ami country 
districts .securing signatures of housekeepers to the pledge cards issiieil by the I'nited 
States food administration. .-Vlthough many of the citizens hail previously signed and 
forwarded the cards to tb.e i)ro|icr a.utlioi'it ies, tlie committee mailed 'i.")! of the |)ledges 
to the federal food administ lator m Chicago on Xov, 2b 19bS. 



The work of this committee w.-is well icceived by ev( 
a willingness to comply with any iciiuest our governm 
the welfare of the nation. 



Quota 


Amt. Sub. 


No. Subscribers 


S27,000.00 


$27,000.00 
1,838.97 


840 


3,002.40 


4,866.89 


876 


39,600.00 


42,125.00 
59,700.00 
19,750.00 


678 


45,500.00 


84,600.00 




104,000.00 


119,550.00 





122 WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

FINANCE CAMPAIGNS IN AMBOY TOWNSHIP 

Second Red Cross, May 20, "IS 

First Y. M. C. A., Nov. 11-18, '17 

United War Work 

War Savings Stampss 

First Liberty Loan taken by Bank 

Second Liberty Loan 

Third Liberty Loan 

Fom-th Liberty Loan 

AMBOY RED CROSS 

The Amljoy Red Cross unit was organized by Miss Mary Burnham with the help of 
Mrs. J. McCleary of Dixon who came on April 30, 1917 upon invitation of Miss Burnham 
and presented the nature of the Red Cross work to tlic laches. Following are the first 
officers : 

President — Miss Mary Burnham. 

Secretary — Miss Mae Egan. 

Committee — Mrs. Dornblaser, Miss Mae Egan, Miss M. J. Egan, Mrs. F. N. Vaughan. 

On May 1, 1917 the Amboy unit was formed, the petition for membership being signed 
by F. N. Vaughan, president; R. W. Ruckman, treasurer; W. E. Clark, secretary; C. 
Aschenbrenner, A. G. Kauffman, H. H. Badger, P. M. James, W. V. Jones, W. J. Edwards, 
J. W. Pankhurst, J. O. Edwards, J. M. Egan and Rev. T. J. Cullen. 

On May 8, 1917 the first meeting was held in G. A. R. hall which was donated for a 
meeting place. Mrs. Egan taught knitting and meetings were held each Tuesday and 
Friday afternoon. Mrs. Dornblaser was in charge of the work of making surgical dressings 
and hospital garments. 

Activities of the Red Cross soon became noticeal>le. An exhibit of the work was 
shown in R. L. Jenkins' store window, and at the Lee County fail- in August. Messrs. 
Green and Vaughan gave a registered calf to the Amboy unit which was sold at the county 
fair for $132. 

On Sept. 1 , 1017 Mrs. J. M. Egan gave the use of her home to the Red Cross and words 
cannot express the appreciation for this contribution to the success of the work of the auxil- 
iai'y. 

In September 1917, the comfort kit committee was formed with Mrs. Carmichael, 
president, and Mesdames Epperson and Braman as members. 

On Nov. 8, 1917 Christmas boxes containing kit, socks, wristk^ts, were sent to the 
boys in I'^ra-ncc. In November 1917, boxes of used clothing were sent to France and 
Belgium. 'I'liis work was in charge of Mrs. Maude Brierton. 

Evening classes one evening a week were estabHshed in 191S. The average of em- 
ployed woinrn at these meetings was twelve. At the dnv meetings the attendance was 
thirty. 

The total nunilier of surgical dressings was 26,225 and of hospital garments, 90. 

The Amboy unit of the Woman's Committee, Council of National Defense was organ- 
ized in August, 1917 with Mrs. G. M. Finch as chairman. The first meeting was held 
in September of that year. Between that time and the end of 1918, when the last ship- 
ment of clotliing was made, this committee collected and sent to Chicago for shipment 
to France 1000 ])ouiids of clothing. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



All (if these jiaiinents were Idciked ovei', rei)aired and put in Rood wearalile eduditidii 
iiy this eduiniittee. and a lar-ic nuniher of .-iarnients for children were made, some 
fnini partly worn "larnients and others from new goods purchased liy the conmiittee or 
contriliuted hy others to its work. 

WORK FOR THE FATHERLESS CHILDREN OF FRANCE 

In the fall of 1918 when the coimeil of national defense organized the woi'k for the 
Fatherless Children of France, Mrs. G. M. Finch was again made chaiiinan. Three 
circles of ten persons each, contributing $3.65, were formed. In adiliiion through its 
influence the Lend A Hand Society was induced to form a circle. Four French children 
are lieing supported li>- Amhoy people. 



REV. JOSEPH BURROWS WRITES 

One cannot refrain from expressing a strong note of gratitu<le foi- the results pioduced 
in our tow-n and the vicinity thereof, for the tine results protlueed during the war strain 
and its abnormal, antl at times, very tremendous obligations. Let us make mention 
of a few of the results. 

1. United Loyalty to the government. 

It is worthy of note that Amboy has gone over the top in all the di-ives for the Lilierty 
Loan, the Red Cross and the United War Work fund. The very psychology of this has 
been productive of good locally. The vision of the people has been widened. The frater- 
nal spirit has been cultivated and the interests in the more international things of life and 
of men have stimulated to a phenomenal degree. 

2. We are justly proud of our young men, lioth tliose who weie able to go across 
and those who have given the ultimate sacrifice and thosi^ who have done such Kne work 
in the L'nited States. 

No town has ever posses.sed a cleaner, uun-v responsive, more intelligent grou|) of young 
men than Amboy. In making this remark, the writer is cognizant of the fact that other 
towns have produced fine specimens of manhood, but we remind you that Amboy was on 
the map when it came to the production of efficient manhood. 

3. Splendid home service by citizens. 

As a local pastor, I have been brought into touch with our i)eople, and I have watched 
the untiring devotion of the people, along every legitimate and worth-while avenue of 
activity, for supporting the nation, and preserving the democracy which is so ilear to us 
all. Business men, professional men, teachers, people of all religious beliefs and all social 
ranks have met on one common ground for the various kinds of activity and dut>- impo.sed 
upon them through the war. 

This is not only gratifying, but it has produced a condition which will coiitiniie to serve 
the good of the town, and promote tlie best fellowship and strongest |)at riotisni. 

.hiseph Burrows 

WOMANS' COMMITTEE COUNCIL OF NATIONAL DEFENSE: 
AMBOY UNIT 



On Wednesday Sept. 19, 1917 
.\mlioy met at the home of Mrs. ( 
immittcc, Council of National 



represen 


tatives from all the wome 


ii's organizations 


A. Zeigl, 


■r to organize the Ambo\- uni 


1 of the Woman's 


)efense. 


The officers elected were: 


Presi.lent, Mrs. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



C. A. Zeigler; \'icc-l'ivsi(U>iit, Airs. C'has. Kiefer; Secretary, Mrs. A. C. Kaiiffman; Treas- 
urer, Mrs. W. A. (ireen. 

The various departments of work were orfiaiiizcd as follows: Registration of Women, 
Mrs. Ara Morgan who was later succeedcil li\- .Miss M. J. Egan; Allied Relief, Mrs. G. 
M. Finch; Publicity, Miss Mary Burnhani; Finance, Mrs. W. A. Green; Conservation 
and Thrift, Airs. W. .1. Keho; Red Cross, Miss M. J. Egan. Later three otlier lines of 
work were assumed: The Enrollment of Student Nurses was undertaken hy Mrs. .\. C. 
Kauffman; Child Welfare, Airs. W. B. Vaughan, Airs. T. J. Hodges and Airs. E. P. I'nder- 
wood; the forming of circles of ten io support fatherless chikh-en of France was added 
to Airs. Finch's work in Allied Relief. Reports from these various departments will 
follow. 

In arldition to the vHy organization, there was a. ciiairnian in every school district in 
the township whose co-operation aided very greally in the w(irk thmughdut the town.ship. 
These were; Mrs. Lee AlcCracken, later succeeded hy .Miss Winnie McCracken; Airs. 
G. P. Finch; Aliss Emeline Welch, later .succee.le,! I'.y Miss Sa.iie Welch; Airs. Frank 
Keller; A.'is. Frank Alecks; Airs. .lohn Honeycutt; Airs. Henry Waltei's; Airs. Herbert 
Conners; All's. Rose Alorrissev. 



DETAILED PERSONAL MENTION 
OF AMBOYS' SOLDIERS 




F'arl F]wart Emery — Private hist class, Battery B .'^^ord Heavy 
Field Artillery, 86th Division, was a son of Air. and Airs. L. A. Emery 
and was born at Amboy, Illinois, January 25, 1895, and was married 
to Miss Clara Weaver of Amboy, June 15, 1918. He was inducted into 
niililaiy service at Dixon, 111., June 24, 1918, and sent to Camjj Grant. 
He went to France with the :«3('. F. A., SGth Div. 

.Ml'. EiiK'iy ri'turneil to his home in Amlioy, and after a brief rest 
resumed his position with the First National Bank of that city. On 
Alarch 22, he was taken ill with tubercular peritonitis, wliich was coi)- 
L foreign service, and passed away May 14, 1919. 




Harry Philip Poths— Pvt., Born Oct. 18, 1893, Co. G 354 Inft., 
.Amboy, 111., Camp Grant, France. In Argonne-A'Ieuse offensive; wounded 
by shrapnel, and died from infected wounds at Beau Desert Hospital, or 
Base IIos|iital No. 114, Nov. 3, 191S. Buried in Beau Desert Cemetery, 
or A. K. V. Cemetery No. 27, in grave No. 104, about six miles from 
Bordeaux, France, November 14, 1918. 




F'redkrick DiLLow — Son of C. P. ami Laura Dillow. Was 
t Keiiiiey, Ilk, July 23d, 1895, and in 1913 moved to Amboy. 
( pleiiibei' 2(1 1918, he was inducted into service and sent to Camp (1 
lid on Oct. 3, 1918, died of pneumonia and influenza. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



ilitary service Mn> 
and placed in the 41 ( H, 
II.; was sent overseas July 
M., in which ciiipany h. 



LdXXiK Alsmax -s,m of Wni. Tlu-iiias and Sarah Mann Alsi 
horn May 20. 1S92. ncai- Danville, Ky., and in early lite moved to 
Countj', residing neai- Anihox'. He was called 
May 27, 1918, and sent to (amp Conlon. Ca., 
4th Reo-. : transferred to .iul> Auto lirt;!., o7 ( 'i 
27. 191S, and then pla<v,l ui :-;2'.ltli Inft. C 
was in at the time of his deatli, Oct. 2d. IIUS. at Camri Lewa 
Paris, France. He was taken sick with pneumonia and sent t(] th 
tal and was buried at Camp Lewan. His Captain, in a leltei 
parents, praised him very hitihly. He says: "He pei formed his 
which should bring credit to his luiue. ii.iinii thr(iUi>h the stren 
a smile, and bearing hardship without a murmur." 




T. .1. Lavkll- Pvt.. Camp (hint \i,i 1 I'Hs ( uup 1 omn l.\i^ 
Battery (■ 124 Field Artillery. Cam]! Mm iitt \ 1 ^ oJMlti.im Hol.ok. n 
^lay 27. 191S; England, .lune s. I'tls l,in.< luiu 12 1<>1S Inulion 
St. Mihiel. Sept. 14. lOIS: w.mnd(d 1\ d . II ^o^ 1 I'HS m 1. tth i 
Romagne near Argonne Wood. Bise Hospital (hleans tiante buil 
as result of wounds Nov. 5, 1918 last lestmg place Orleans Ft one 
His sergeant writes — "Yoti h.ave (\ti> leison to he pioud of ^oul son 
for the stoic maimer iii which he hore his wound and wish to sa>' that he 
proved himself every inch a soldier." 




The Thirty-Third Division American Expeditionary Forces. 

Private Thomas J. Lavelle. 

Battery C, 124th Field Artillery. 
The report of your Commandinii (lfti(ers testify to yotir oaHaiitry and splendid per- 
formance of duty at Re magne. France, on Xov( mlx'r 1st. 191S. 

Your conduct on that occasion has afforded megeuuine gratihcaticn. and I have accord- 
ingly directed that your name and action he inscribed on the ROLL ( »F HoXoR of the 
-PRAIRIE DIVISION". 

Geo. Bell. .Ir. 
Major General, Commanding o3rd Division. 



CHAPTER XXIII 

Account of Ashton's Activities During 
Period of World-War 

By Ralph .1. Dea\ 

The story of Lee County's I'art in the jiicat \\(n'U\ war would not he complete without 
recounting the work performed, saerifiees made, and funds loaned liy the citizens of Asliton 
township, which geographically is the smallest town in Lee ( 'ounty, yet in men sent to the 
service, and funds loaned, ranks among the top (if the list of towns of the county. 

With the declaration of war on Germany, in April 1917, a number of the young men of 
the community immediately volunteered their services in the defense of their country, 
little caring whether these services would be needed in this country or far across the sea. 

At the outbreak of the wai' Heni-y Wallace was already serving in the L^nited States 
Navy, the important organization which was responsible for carrying our Ijoys so success- 
fully across the Atlantic. 

When the call came for volunteers the militia organizations of the country were also 
summoned, and it found a number of boys fi'om this comnuuiity ready to enlist, which 
was virtually the first opportunity. Henry Stephen, Raymond Allstedt, Sanford Hutchin- 
son, Paul Hind and Forrest Paddock responded and went with the Illinois National Guard, 
which later became a part of the 33rd or Prairie division. 

Others who were prompt to enlist were Earl Pierce who went with the Marines and was 
the first Ashton boy to arrive in France, and who fought on that memorable occasion at 
Chateau Thierrj' and Bellau Wood, when eight thousands of America's finest marines 
helped turn defeat into victory and starteil the Hun on his retreat towards Berlin. Others 
who enlisted eai-ly were Bremmer Hanson, who was also in the Second division with Earl 
Pierce, Dwight Hartzell,who enlisted in the Navy, and saw much service on the battleships 
Delaware and Wyoming, and many others. Dr. C. R. Root offered his services to the 
government a few days after the outbreak of hostilities and was commissioned a first Lieu- 
tenant, but owing to so many dentists having volunteered. Dr. Rfjot was not called into 
active service for one year. 

THE RED CROSS 

\\hat was accomplished by the men in battle was partly done by the efficient work of 
the Red Cross, and in this work there were many noble women of Ashton township who 
sacrificed most of their time for a period of a year and a half,that the work might be carried 
on in this township, and that we would do our part in furnishing supplies of various kinds 
for the comfort of the soldier boys. 

The Ashton Chapter of the Lee County Red Cross was one of the first to be organized, 
being formed a few weeks after the outbreak of the war. Tlie f( lUowing officers were chosen : 

Ralph J. Dean President 

Mortimer N. Glenn, ........ Secretary 

Paul W. Charters, ....... Treasurer 

The first membership conmiittee consisted of Mrs. O. \V. ( Iriffith, Mrs. E. H. ( 'hadwick, 
Mrs. L. J. Sindlinger, Mrs. CHfford Knapp, Mrs. Martin Henert, and Mrs. (ieorge F. 
Schafer. Ashton township was canvassed house to house foi' membeis, and in the sjiace of 
a few davs 307 members were secured. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



■.,ss ^^vu■ s,M-i 


lied in the High Sc 


l.lc (luiirtcrs. 


The working; com 


, Mrs. Crni-ii, 


■ 1{. Cliartrrs, Mrs. 


1(1 Miss Man 


,• Leslie. 


■u;ulaily each 


week, and speeiul 



,vllle 
e,l , 


ii made 
)f .Mrs. 


Mrs 


. M. L. 



ill (.r 1' 


1(17 there was httle 


id selil 


two gieat automo- 


; the c. 


>mtnrts (iff of then- 


>• l.uilt 


1. arracks which had 



Work rooms for the Ke^ 
very convenient and comf 

Fred A. Richardson, Chairman, Mrs. Ceoriie 1{. Cliarters, Mrs. .1. ( '. Criltitli 
English, Miss Bessie Andrns 

Two meetings were held regularly each week, and special meetings were often held 
in order to get off some rush shipment of supplies which were badly needed. 

In the line of hospital supplies and garments 332 were sent, relief clothing 2.5 large 
cases. Gun swipes 9,000. There were also many knitted gaiinents given to the Ashton 
soldiers and a comfort kit was provided for each one. 

When the soldier lioys first went to Camp Grant in the 
or no bedding, and Ashton responded to the ( niergenc>- call 
bile loads of comforters to the boys, maii>- housewives taki 
own beds that the soldier 1 oys would not suffer in their rougl 
not yet been supplied with heat. 

The Ashton Eed < 'ross was very active in the campaign in the interests of the Lee County 
Tuberctilosis Sanitorium which proposition carried in this townshi]) by a very sulistantial 
vote. 

At the re-election of officers in 1918 the following were elected; Pvalph .L Uean, Presi- 
dent; G. A. Hamel, Vice-President; Mrs. Lucy Bates, Secretary; and Miss :\Iary Charters, 
Treasurer, the latter serving in the jilace of her brother who was called to the service. 
These officers served throughout the remainder of tlie war and in the campaign for members 
in 1918, a total membershiji of sot was secured for that year. In 1910 after the armis- 
tice had been signed interest was not (|iiite so strong, yet 4."() of our citi/ens renewed 
their membership. 

The work of the Red Cross only ceased in .Vshton when orders came t.i make no more 
supplies as they would not be needed. While this was most welc<,me news, there was 
a little iiand of forty or fifty woiiHii of .Ashton who were ready at a moment's call to res- 
pond to work, and who had no time for a thing that did not contribute to the winning of 
the war. 

A great deal of cash was raised for the work of the Red Cross. Htmdreds of dollars 
of donations were made by individuals and societies to the local chapter to purchase material 
Thert' was a donation of -SlOO forwai'ded to headquarters, and in the one diive for Red 
Cross fun(.ls, the subscriptions amounted to 81,776.75. 

The Liberty Loans 

While the sons of the township were willing to go and fight, and the women were willing 
to work and save, the moneyed people of the township were just as willing to put their 
funds at the disposal of the government. 

The First Liberty Loan came early in the war and the holding of government securities 
was something new to the ])eo|ile of this community. However no organization was 
perfected, and only $15,000 was subscribed, the bulk of which was taken by the .Vshton 
Bank. 

In the organization of tlie eouiit>- which followed to raise funds, Nathan A. Petrie, 
the veteran President of The Ashton Bank was placed on the executive committee of Lee 
County and also made chairman of the finance committee of Ashton township. Although 
at 77 years of age, when men are usually shelved, he led the organization which made 
every drive for funds in Ashton township successful, and which gave Ashton township 
an honored name among the towns of the county. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTS, ILLINOIS 



Mr. Petrie associated with himself a number of men of the town, and organized each 
school district, and in the succeeding loans Ashton township made their subscriptions 
all in one day, and in the War Savings Stamp drive were the first over the top in the county 
and showed the citizens of Lee County a new nK'tlidd \n use in the raising of large sums 
of money. 

The amount of the subscriptions of the Second Liberty Loan was $55,000; the Third 
Loan $47,250, the Fourth Loan $57,300 and the Victory Loan $59,350, making a total of 
Liberty Bond subscriptions of $233,900.00. In the War • Stamp sales Ashton township 
always made their quota, and numbers among its people several maximum subscribers. 
The total War Stamp sales made to people of Ashton township as reported by Postmaster 
Joseph A. Roesler is $30,125.00. 

The Y. M. C. A. 

Ashton was personally represented in the work of the Y. j\L C. A. Fred A. Richardson 
volunteered for overseas service with the Y. M. C. A. and sailed from New York on June 
19th, 1918, arriving in London, England, Julv 2nd, where he was assigned to duty connected 
with the Y. M. ('. A. warehouses of that city and establishing area warehouses throughout 
the kingdom, later having management and being general travelling representative of 
the same. 

the Y. M. ('. A. over $1,800 was raised in this township 
1(1 drive was known as the United W^ar Drive, including 
kindi-ed oi-gaiiizatiims, and the amount of subscriptifins 



witli 



ic firsi (h-ivc lur liuids f 
(111 tiic work. The sec 
:■ Y. M. C. A. six othc 
(hive was $18(14.27. 



R( 



First Lilierty L( 
Second Libeily 
Third Liberty L 
Fourth Liberty 
Victory Loan 
Wai- Saving Stai 



$lo,()( )().()() 
55,000. 00 
47,250.00 
57,300.00 
59,350.00 
30.1 25.00 
>2G4,025.00 



ist Y. :m. 

lited War 



('. A. drive 
Drives 



1,800.00 
1,864.27 



$3,664.27 




of 


Mr. 


and 


M 


rs. 


George 


' a 


t Chi 


■ag(-i 


Ji 


IK 


7, 1918 


.-,■ 


. X.-iv 
■gh a,, 


il tl 
d w 


lin 


lit- 


station 


Ill 


igned to 


tl 


e epi( 


leiiu 




f i 


itluenza 


oa 


■d till 


Shi 


) f( 


11 


I victim 


111 


■hial 


mei 


llK 


iii 


I which 


ic 


1 at H 


io.l 


UK 


ri( 


. Hrazil. 



Bknjamin G. Schafeh — age 22, and son 
V. Scliafer volunteered for service in the navy 
and after being given training at the Great Lak 
was sent to sea as a sailor on the U. S. S. Pitts 
duly along th(> South American coast. When 
1 idkc oiil ill' with hundreds of his conirades ab 
Id the disease which later developed into br. 
caused iiis dentil October 20, I91S. He was bin 

('iiHVSTAL WrrzEL — age 27, a farm laijorer. and son of Mr. and Mrs. 
( "ail Witzel was selected for service in the infantry and was sent to Camp 
(liant where he was assigned to Co. M, 341st Regiment, 86 Division 
where lie was given his training. He was promoted to the ratd^ of cor- 
lioial and went overseas with tiie division in tlie sunnner of HIIS. He 
aii'ixcd first in Knglantl and was later transferred to France. He was 
transferred out of his division and assigned to Co. B, 310 Regiment, 78th 
di\isi(in and saw active service in France. He was killed in action Octo- 
ber 20, I91S, and was imried upon the field of iioiior. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



west 
1 Lee 



Earl H. Palsgrii\e— a lanii 
Ashtou township was si'lrctinl for sc 
and in September 1917 was sent t( 
to Co. M, 342nd Regiment. He w 
of that year to Miss Aureola Roe < 
was taken ill Saturday evening, V 
soon after midnight, the cause of hi.'- 
of a blood vessel. The funeral s 
Wednesday morning February 20, conducted by Rev. Fred A. G 
pastor of the Methodist Church, An honor squad from his compa; 
and he was buried with full military hd.K.rs. Private. Palsiinivc 
vania and attained the age of 27 years. 15esides his wife he is si 



iMHvr, residing in tl 

Camp (irant where he was assigned 
i united in marriage November 24th 
iM'aiiklin Grove. Private Palsgrove 
m-Avy Kith, lOlS, and passed away 
ealh being attributed to the l.uisliiig 
vices were held at Franklin ( ir(i\-e 



B 



ended tile tuneral 
lM,rn in Pennsyl- 
d by his parents. 



CHAPTER XXIV 

Bradford Township 

By AxDRKW AscillAHKKXXKK 

Till' town 1)1' ]^i:i(ltuii| (lid its part in winninti the war. This is a purely rural township 
without a city oi- villaii,v. It does not have a large population hut it met all of the calls 
for men and money. 

The Bradford organization of the State Council of Defense was composed of the follow- 
ing persons: 

Township Committee. 
Andrew A.schenhrenner. chairman; Peter A. Kelly. Charles Wagner. 
The Xeio-hliorhood Connnittee of the State Council of Defense was organized by 
school districts and was as follows: 

District 84— George Along, L H. Schnuicker. C. F. Iluyett. 
District 85 — Clarence D. Sanders, Roland P. lusenlierg, Adam Fonnerman. 
District 8(;)-Hem-y Newman. John C. Criesse, William :\Iesser. 
District 87- (ieorge Hann, Harfey Heil.enthal, J. W. Baldwm. 
District 88 - F:d Herwig, William G. Krug, Charles Wagner. 
District 89- Benjamin Richwine, Charles J. Hart, John W. Nass. 
District 90— K. Aschenbrenner, George A. Perry, William E. Jones. 
District 91 John J. ^'auiiel, Clarence Hart, Frank Butler. 
District 94 Louis Wiser, George Lahman, William E. Taylor. 

The subscri])tion to Libertv Loans made bv the peojile of the town aggregated the 
following: 

Second Loan .... 827, GOO 
Third Loan .... 22,850 

Foin-th Loan .... 51,350 

Fifth Loan .... 38,700 

Total . $140,500 

The St;ite Council of Defense organization was not in existence when the First Liberty 
Loan was sold and the town does not have credit for subscriptions but the people of the 
town bought bonds to a considerable amount through the banks at Ashton, Ambov and 
Fraiddin Gn.ve. 

^\■a|■ Savings Stamps to the amount of 818,442.7.") were bought in 1918. There were 
Red Cross donations of 81260.75 and to the United War Work fund of .81530.30. Besides 
these there wi'ic othei- donations to a considerable amomit the record of which can not 
be obtainetl. 

In addition to money donations the Red Cross Chapter met regularly antl did a great 
amount of sewing and knitting. 

So as a whole Ibadford's record of service is first class and her people did their fair 
portion towaid winning the war. 



CHAPTER XXV 

Brooklyn-Viola Townships 

(Coiiipiisiiiu the wrstcin oiu'-half of Ixith l(iwiisliips). 

]'>V ( )LnER L. riEHAXT 

That old adage, "Ynu caniH.t Icll l.y the l<N.ks ,.f a Unul Ik.w far lie will .iui.i|.," can 
well he used with refcivncc tci the woik ihuie li>- tlie iiedplc (if liiooklyii and X'iola town- 
ships during the war. 

From the beginninti these people wei'e lilicral (■(iiitrilnUors towaids ihr iu'eds of the 
war anil they set almut their work with a spiiit which made ihcii' iffmls appear very 
small. Like the toad who makes his leap so easily that the ival .•fh.rl \n- has expended 
seems as nothing, so it is with these patrintir people in Brooklyn and \iola townshiii" 
They set about, their w<iik so willingly, they did their work so well, thai the real effort 
required of them seems small. 

In these two townships are found people of all extractions. Yes, even many who were 
born w'ithin the boundaries of those countries with which we were at way. P>ut this jiroved 

urged th.'se p. le (mward all thi- more. 

Many of them had left the home of their birth because of such grievances as caused 
this war and they could now see an opportunity to aid those they had left beliind by iielping 
to win this war. They felt it a duty to aid their former countrymen to throw olf the 
yoke of a mighty . m|ieroraiid help secure for them a freedom such as is enjoyed in America. 
These people therefore hai', a two-lold vr-Asnti tor helping to win the war ami contributed 
in no .small way towards its succi'ss. 

When the war broke out Brooklyn and Viola were like the entire county imi)rei)ai-e(l 
for meeting the demands to lie made upon them, but despite this their people contributed 
well from the ver>- first. Tlieii- l)o>s were leaving for the training cam|)s along with those 
of every community and those who remained at home dug deep down into their jwckets 
to lielp in a financial waj'. 

The first subscriptions for lied Cross work and for the Soldiers Comfort fund, also 
tiie First Liberty loan, were launched before any form of organization was perfected within 
the two townships but this diil not ])revent them from being successful. There were 
but fifteen or twenty persons \\\\(\ subscrilied to the First Liberty Loan in WestBrooklyn, 
whose territory comprises Precinct \o.l of P>rooklyn township and much of Viola town- 
ship, but yet this small band proved ecuial to the occasion ami subscribed all the quota 
asked of their townships. A government loan was a new and unheard <if thing for most 
of the people and with no organization of any kind to boost their cause and explain their 
purpose, it stands as a great credit to the.se people to find that even the ver>- fir.st loan 
was a success within their borders. 

After these first efforts had been put forth and it was realized that we were in a war 
which would tax our resources to the very utmost, it was decided to jierfect some sort 
of organization within the county so as to be better able to handle the various war activities 
which must come. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Therefore we find at West Hi-ooklyn the luH(i\viii<i executive coinniittee Jiained hy tlie 
county organization : 

Ohver L. Gehant, F. \\'. Meyer and Dr. E. (". White, with the first named being tlie 
chairman. 

This conmiittee was tt'rmed the Finance connnittee of the State Council of Defense 
and had charge of practicallj' all the war work during the balance of the war. It had 
as assistants a neighborhood or sub-committee within each school district. 

In Brooklyn township, District No. 130 had John C. Henkel, Peter Barniekel, C. C. 
Schnuckel, and J. G. Halboth on its committee. 

District No. 131 had C. A. Jeanblanc, William Schnuckel, and Arthur Foulk as the 
members of its committee. 

District No. 125 had August Bettner, L. L. Philips, Louis Montavon and Fred Gilmore. 

District No. 124 had the sam(> members on its conunittee as constituted the executive 
committee. 

In Viola township T. C. Kelly, Henry L. Gehant, .John .Montavon and Frank G. Knauer, 
with the first named as chairman, Avere selected as the executive conunittee and the follow- 
ing were the various neighborhood committees: 

District No. 119, Joseph P. Sondgeroth, Louis L. Gehant and Joseph B. Bauer. 

District No. 120, Henry J. Li|ips, ( liailes W. Clopine, and Henry Kehm. 

District No. 117, J. W^ Ackland, William Danekas and S. E. Ander.son. 

District No. 122, Oscar Ikens, S. J. Holdren, B. A. Hartley, and Christ Mossiman. 

District No. 1G4, Charles Alackin, W. E. Taylor, and Carl Gardner. 

These sub-committees did a vast amount of good in helping with the education of 
the pubUc to the needs of the government for the proper conduct of the war and to them 
belongs practically all the merit for the success of the Second Liberty Loan and the War 
Savings Stamp campaign. Wlien the volunteer plan for raising the quotas was decided 
upon before the Third Liberty Loan the work of the sub-committees was mostly done 
away with but the effects of their earlier canvasses remained and to their credit belongs 
a great part of the success attained in the work which continued until the end of the war. 

Of equal importance to the above is the work done by the Red Cross. The West 
Brooklyn auxiliary of the Lee County chapter was organized in the spring of 1918 and 
as a result of some earnest soliciting on the part of a few patriotic women, we find that 
nearly everyone in the community joined the Red Cross. The women gathered each 
week to work foi' the soldiers and much knitting and sewing was done. 

Di'. E. C. White was president of this auxiliary; Mrs. A. L. Derr, secretary and Oliver 
L. Gehant, treasurer. 

It was supported finamdally by various donations made by the peojile of the com- 
munity and by the Business Mens' association of West Brooklyn. On May 23, 1918 
the business men held a big benefit bazaar and this undertaking was so well patronized 
and proved so successful that the association was able to finance all the needs of the auxil- 
iary for the remainder of the war. 

The Woman's Conunittee Council of Defense was well represented at W^'st Bi'ooklyn. 
Mrs. E. C. While was the chairman and had for assistants in handling the work most 
of the women of the township. On her conmiittees we find the following: 

Mrs. Amel Henry, Mrs. A. L. Derr, Miss Ruby Johnson, Miss Leafy Gehant, Miss 
Madolyn Derr, Miss Frances Meyer, Mrs. H. A. Bernardin, Mrs. Frank Herman, Mrs. 
Pros]X"r Gander. Mrs. F. M. Yocum. Mrs. Frank Hoggard. and Mrs. Catheiine I'assig. 

These women took charge of Ijie registering in theii' precinct and so ardently did they 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



set ;ili(ii 


It tliei 


V \v(ir 


k til 


tccr tlici 




res til 


i the 


Defense. 









HimI .uily tlm-leeii women wIm, ivIusimI or tailed to volun- 
iitiy as nienil.ers of the Woman's Conumtlee Council of 

They di<l much sewing, making' oS hospital garments, 3G suits or 72 iiiec(\s of pajamas 
and 3C. day shirts, a total of 144 articles. 

Mrs. Calhei-ini' l'"assi,n was the champion knitter and made many jiairs of socks for 
tiie soldier lioys. These ladies also did much relief work, sending many liunilh's of clothina; 
to headquarters for the benefit of those suffering as a result of the war, Tlie.\- also had 
charge of the weighing of the Imhies during the better babies movemc-nt and were instru- 
mental in piocuiing ten of the women of West Brooklyn to adopt a little French orphan. 
Th.'u- work r-^ d.-erving of much praise. 

When the government sent out a call for the conservation of food and other materials 
essential for the war, the people of Brooklyn and Viola eagerly did their share to save 
and help provide these necessities. Practically every farm had more acres jilanted to 
crop and those who had retired from work for several years, went out agam and did their 
.share. Food reports were handed ui at the churches ,,n Sunihiys and on<> fannly would 
hope to out-do another in the numl.er of meatless and wheatless meals served during 
a week, Oliver L. ( ieliant was the local hio.l a.lnunistralor. 

Dr. E. L\ White, the post -master at West Brooklyn, had charge of the sale of War 
Savings Stamps during the war and the fact that approximatel\ si'0, 000.00 of these stamps 
were sold during the year of 1918 proves how well he handled thi' campaign. In his work 
he was aided by th(> H. F. (iehant Banking Co., Inc, and th<' government awarded both 
Dr. White and the bank, a handsome certificate showing their appreciation for the work 
done in selling the war stamps. 

The bank also received a ct'rtihcate of distinguished financial service for its work 
in aiding the Fourth Liberty Loan by purchasing 100 per cent of its ([Uota of the certi- 
ficates of indebtedness put out l)y the Treasury de])artment in anticipation of that loan 
and the previous issues. 

West Brooklyn and \'iola liiwnship's hnan<-ial contribution to the war is represented 
by the billowing Hgures which are >ecured from the re.'ords of the bank and are as near 
accurate as it is ]iossible to get 

First Lilcrty Loan 

Second Liberty Loan . 

Third Liberty Loan 

Fourth Liberty Loan , 

War Savings Stamps 

§160,400.00 
It can be seen by the above that the people of these two parts of townshiiis did well 
and certainly must have worked together in a harmonious manner. But yet their work 
is not to b(> compared to that of the boys who left for the training camps and for the army 
or navy. These are the ones who have made the sacrifice and it is to these that we wish 
to dedicate this bit of history touching upon the work of the people of that community 
during the war. The soldier had the help, but it was left to him to save for us that free- 
dom for which otir forefathers fought and bled. We owe him a debt of gratitude which 
money can never rejiay. 



them. 
.113,000.00 


Y,M,C,A. and K, of C. 


SI, 000, (10 


28,000.00 


Red Cross, 1918 , , 


i,.i00.00 


32,700,00 


United War ^^'ork Fund 


. 2,.')00.00 


6(), 700,00 







20,000.00 




!eo,ooo.oo 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



HONOR ROLL 




Harry Eugene Lahman — eldest son of Edgar E. and Geneva Lah- 
man was born at Delavan, 111., Nov. 11, 1893 and in early life moved 
to Lee County. He was inducted into service at Dixon. He was a meni- 
her of Co. D, :M.G. Bat. 88. He was transferred to Mott, N. D. and 
fi'oin there to Camp Dodge, la. He remained there liut a short time 
when he was sent to Camp Upton, X. Y. From there he sailed for Eng- 
land and from there went to Fr:incc, ai-riving thcic al.dur Sept. 1, 1918. 
He soon went into action and during a hea\-y honilmrdmcnt near Hagen- 
12, 191S was killed. He was huried at the Hajienhack eemeterv. 



^ 



Hakhy K. Watts— -private, 
Watts. He was tiorn Nov. 2(i 
listed in the service of his coun 
\'enion. 111. From there he we 



was the son of Edgar and Agnes French 
1S94 in .lefferson County, Illinois. En- 
ry on .lune 24, 1918 and was sent to Mt. 
it to Camp Taylor, Ky.; thence to Camp 



Bueiguard, La. Then he went to Camp Mills, N. Y. In September 
1918 he went overseas as a member of the 400th casuals, A. E. F. While 
in France he was taken ill with pneumonia and died Oct. 8, 1918. 



m 



CoxuAD Miller — the only 
Miller was inducted into the ar 
that he served and was killed 



lation available is that Conrad 
n West Brooklyn .June 24, 1918; 



Among th' 
baugh. Tliet- 
Pershirig's an 



re Piivates James E. Kelly, Raj'mond Ciwenip, and Jesse Aughen- 
■ceived their wounds while fighting on the front lines with General 
western front in France. 



BROOKLYN TOWNSHIP (Second Precinct) 
By Chas. Bradshaw 



Wlien war was declared against Germany by the United States only a few people 
realized what the far reaching effects of this action meant. A great many did not realize 
that the resjionsibility of carrying it on successfully should be equally divided. Educa- 
tional work was needed. Public speakers and the newspapers began to enlighten the 
people and to arouse the spirit of true Americanism. Every citizen was urged to assume 
his ftdl obligation. Some of the best young men of the land stepped forward to make 
the supnnie sacrifice, if necessary. Men and women soon began to see the necessity 
of individual coopei-ation and war work committees and organizations were immediately 
fornuxl and init in oiiei'ation. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY. ILLINOIS 135 

The first registration board consisted of John W. Banks, Ciiailcs Uradshaw and 
John S. Archer. The first registration was held June 21, 1917 antl the sccdud, Sept. 12, 
1918. The work of this board was conducted in a fair and impartial niannrr. 

The local Council of Defense ciiisislcd df the fullowniti nicmbcrs: 

Charles Bradshaw, J. W. Banks, S. ( ). Argnivcs, J. S. l!i,-lianls<.n, ,l(,hn S. Archer 
and Louis C. Bauer. 

The work that fell upon this cdniniittee was very heavy ami was handled in a veiy 
commendable manner. Tlirsr men whenever necessary- left tlicii- business and gave 
their tuue and talent to wai- work. Many tiinrs tlicy could be found at work during the 
greater part of the night. Tiic work handled by this conniuttcc will be suniiiiarized later. 

A local organization, known as the "Business Mens' association" was also formed 
for the ]nu-pose of aiding in wai- work. Tlu' officers were; 

.1. W. Banks, President; Charles Bradshaw, Secretary. 

Tlu- numbers were C. L. Ogilvie, W. H. Dishong, Charles Stout, K. \. Kettley. ,1. S. 
Arciier, Jesse Fox, W. N. Hills, Joseph Kaufman, Robert Anglemier, S. ( ). Argraves, 
Arthur A. Anglemier, William Webber, H. :\I. Chaon, Dr. C. tb Pool, Guy D. Archer 
and Roy Tribbett. 

The principal work of this organization was the raising of money for Reil Cross and 
other purposes. Charles Bradshaw was appointed as chairman of a committee to hold 
a fair. He organized teams and under his direction every one in the connnunity was 
solicited. A large amount of eggs, liutter, ]30ultry, sheep, hogs, cattle and other artick's 
was donated for this sale. 

Through the efforts of Mr. Bradshaw the 342nd Infantry band, of ('amp ( d'ant, was 
secured for that day. This was a great treat for a town the size of ( '<iiiipton. This band 
was highly appreciated and went away feeling they were treated royally. Dinner was 
served by the ladies of the ( ). Iv S. foi- the band and also the committee. The auctioneers 
who donated their services were W. .\. Webber, Howard Blair and James Larabee. The 
receipts of this fair amouiUed to tlie neat sum of $2263.72. 

The Y. M. C. A. officers were .b W. Banks, chairman, and S. ( ). ,\rgiaves, Secretary. 
jNIr. Banks appointed the following committees to assist him: 

J. S. Richardson, W. A. Webber, John Eggers, Fred P. Gilmore, Clifford Ogilvie, 
J. W. Burd. Delos Butler and Roy INIiller. The amount raised by this organization was 
$274.7.5. 

The Women's Committee Council of Defense con.sisted of Daisy D. Paine, chairman; 
Emma Fox, Secretary and Treasurer, Mae Bradshaw, chairman of registration committee. 
The registrars were Mesdames Alexander Beemer, Elizabeth Banks, Daisy D. Paine, 
Marie Miller. Amy Dishong, Ruth Carnahan. Edna Cole, Misses Glailys Carnahan, 
Roma Krebbs, and Nellie Oderkirk. Two hundred ninety-three women registered for 
wai' work. On Christmas. 1917. the school children, under the supervision of the Woman's 
Council of Defense, sold $23.75 worth of Christmas seals. This amount was sent to the 
Illinois Tubercular Fund. Under the babies welfare department, thirty-five babies were 
weighed and measured. This work was under the supervision of Dr. C. G. Pool, and the 
women doing this work were Mesdames Florence Pool. Edna Cole, Ruth Carnalian and 
Daisy Paine. 

A general survey of all the war work will show that the people of this precinct did their 
full duty and more. Every loan drive, every Red Cross drive and ever.y other demand 
for money was fully met and more. They gave their quota in money, they gave their 
time anil talent and their bovs offered their lives. Could thev have done more? 



136 WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLIN OIS 

The First Liljerty loan was handled mainly by the First National bank. There were 
only a few subscribers to this loan, and most of the bonds were taken by the bank. The 
Second loan was handled in a similiar manner, with a larger number of outside subscribers, 
but the bank assumed a larger ])art of the quota. 

The third loan was JKindlcd by the local Council of Defense, J. W. Banks acting as 
chairman. This loan was taken by the people. Everyone in the precinct was asked to 
take his proportionate share of bonds. This made the work very heavy on ]\Ir. Banks 
and his committee. The quota of this loan was fully subscribed. 

The Fourth loan was also handled by the Local Council of Defense, with Charles 
Bradshaw acting as chairman. Tins loan was fully subscribed, Brooklyn township being 
third in the county to report. 

The Mctory loan was handled in a similiar manner except that the subscrii)tions were 
voluntary. .Joseph Richai-dsnn acted as chairman of this loan and the loan was over- 
subscribed. 

The above named committee handled the sale of W. S. S. in a similiar manner to that 
of the sale of bonds. Tlu' amounts rai.sed wen- 
First Liberty loan . . . S 6,000. Business Mens' Ass'n. . §2,263.72 

Second Liberty loan . . 16,000. Y. M. C. A 274.75 

Third Lib.Tty loan . . .20,L50. Red Cross .... 3,223.20 

Fourth Lilierty Loan . . 4,5,000. Women's Com. Council of Def. 47.05 

Victory loan .... 31,2,50. 

W. S. S 20,600. .15,808.72 

S139,000. 

Gi-and total of all money raised §144,808.72. 

This precinct assumed and raised not less than 60 iier cent of the quota for Brooklyn 
township. 

The first public meeting was held September 19, 1917 at the time the boys' of the 
first draft were called. This meeting was held on the street and was well attended. The 
sjieakers were Harry Warner and John H. Byers of Dixon, Clarence White of West Brooklyn 
and ,1. W. Banks of Compton. 

The next meeting of much importance was held in the opevii house at the time of the 
Third Liberty loan. Henry S. Dixon and John E. Erwin of Dixon were the speakers. 

The fourth loan was started oE with a meeting, Charles Bradshaw presiding. The 
speakers were John H. Byers and Harry C. Warner of Dixon, and Herbert Chapman, 
a Canadian soldier, who had seen overseas service. The house was crowded, many lieing 
turned away. LTnusual interest and good will toward wai' activities was show-n. 

The Red Cross was organized at Compton, .luly 17, 1917 and included precinct Xo. 
1 of Brooklyn. The officers were: 

J. W. Banks, president; Mrs. Emil Hemy, secr(>tary, and Charles Bradshaw, treasurer. 

The Trustees were: 

Mrs. Prosper Gan.ler, Rev. M. B. Krugg, F. W. Meyers, V. G. Dysart, :Mrs. (U'orge 
Webber, Andrew Little, Rev. A. Biederman, Rev. Ella Niswonger, and Rev. ^^■illianl 
Kaufman. 

The total number of members up to the time of division was 683. The total amount 
collected was $1455.42. Work done: several sweaters, 51 wristlets, 87 scarfs, 89 helmets, 
52 pair of socks, 4812 pieces of muslin, and 8589 pieces of gauze. 

In May, 1918, this organization was dissolved and a new one formed in each of the 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



two precincts. The cfficcrs of the ^^ccoiul precinct were W. A. \\'elil;cr, rn'si(l<'nt: ^Irs. 
J. W. Banks, Secretary, and Charles Bradshaw, Treasurer. Mae Bradsliaw was appointed 
chairman of the work coniniitt('(>. This meant a heavy rcsjionsihility and \ci\- nnidi work. 
She gave nearly all her time to this work as loi:,ii; as it was nccilcd. She also saw that every 
soldier was supplied with a cc nipldr knhted outht when he left I'oi- service. The amount 
of work done was: 2(55 sweaters, 97 scarfs, 60 j^air wiistlels. l.'ll pair socks, SO lielniets, 
15 pair stump socks, thousands of surgical dressiniis ami muslins foi- haiidaiivs. consistint!; 
of many sizes of compresses, wipes slings, head hanihitics and a mmiher of iclief iianiients. 
The aiiKiUiit of work done shows that this ih^ijartment was wrll manaiivd and was 
also well supported l.y tlic la. lies of the pncinct. 

East Half of Viola Township 

Yiohd township, heing witlioiu a town within its limits, was handicapped somewhat 
in organizing for war work. Miii'ii of the land is owni'd hy non-icsidcnt owners. These 
conditions made the burden of thr war work fall more hea\il>- upon them than other pre- 
cincts. But there was no lagging in I hr spiiit of true patriotism. Peoi)lr ivadily step- 
jieil forward to assume their e(iual share of the l.urden. The townslnp was divided near 
the center, and the east half of the township united with C'ompton and worked with 
them in the Red Cross work. They are entitled to their full share of credit in the 
work that was accomplished at ( 'onipton. The First and Second loans were handled by 
the township as a whole working together. V. Grant Dysart and T. C. Kelly did most of 
the soliciting for this loan. These nieii also solicited for the Red Cross. 

The third and fourth loan in the east half of the town.ship was handled b>- T. C. Kelly 
with the following school directors as committeemen: 

Julius Kugler, Jay Stiles, Milo Stevens. Henry Kehm, Charles ( 'lopine, 15. W. Hunt, 
Charles Waher, T. C. Kelly, John Calliseth. Zene Johnson and L. H. Lutz. 

These men were very faithful in handling every loan drive or lied Cro.ss drive. 

The soldiers from this half of thr township were: 

Eugene F. Henry, Elmer .Iraiiiiuenat. Oscar Sclioeiiholtz. Privates. 



CHAPTER XXVI 



By Dr. F. M. Baxki 


:i; 


1)1' the part China tdwnsliip 
he Inyalty. patriotism and 
-it eighteen months Cliina 
il determination, whether i 


hastakei 
.■heerful 
has res,,, 
the dema 



Account of China's Activities During 
Period of World-War 



In writinjiahrief history of the part China townsliip has taken in the war with Cei'many, 
I wish to |)ay tribute to the loyaUy. patriotism and eheeiiul attitude its citizens have 
(lisi)hiyed. Duiinii tlie past eighteen months Clnna lias resi)on<l(Ml to every call made 
U|ion her willi courage and di'termination, whethi'r the <leniand was for her sons, her 
money or any other requirement, she has readily resi^ontleil in the most creditable manner. 
Wlien war was declared between the United States and the Central Powers, April 1917, 
the situation in China township was much the same as elsewhere; many of its citizens 
liein.t!; of l)ie opinion that the war woidd not effect tlu in nnich. the battle front was three 
thousand miles aci-oss the sea and that conditions here would remain al.iout the same. 
At the time the first liberty bonds were placed on sale, very little interest was mani- 
fest, only a few of our citizens making any purchase. The Franklin Grove Bank, however, 
having assumed the responsibility of taking over the balance of the allotment, created 
renewed interest and confidence to such an extent that the succeeding issues met with 
a more ready response and at the third and fourth issues, more money was offered than 
the allotment required. The same may be said of the war offerings; money for the Red 
Cross, the Y. M. C. A. and other organizations being donated freely and cheerfully, the 
result showing a determination to contribute in every way to the vigorous prosecution 
of the war and its successful termination. The sacrifices and economics practiced by the 
citizens of Franklin Grove and China township w'ere numerous and varied in character 
and throughout the entire period their citizens have lun-er faltered, but responded in a 
most splendid manner to each and every call. 

China township furnished sixtj^ nine men to help Uncle Sam win the war; four of whom 
have given their lives in defense of home and country. Tw-o of these are buried in France, 
the other two are buried in our beautiful little cemetery. Six have been wounded, two 
of whom have suffered the loss of their right arms. 

Amount of subscription to First Liberty Loan . . . $10,300.00 
Amount of subscription to Second Liberty loan 49,300.00 

Amount of subscription to Third Liberty loan .... 56,550.00 
Amount of suliscription to Fourth Liberty loan 75,400.00 

Total $191,550.00 

Total amount subscribed to Red Cro.ss to ,Ian. 1, 1919 . 3,660.79 

Amount donated to Company M Comfort fund 1,500.00 

Ann unit of sales of W. S. Stamps 5,000.00 

•Vmount sub.seribed to first Y. M. C. A. drive .... 1,072.34 

.\mount subserilu'd to fifth Victory Liberty loan . . . 102,800.00 

United War Work Nov. 191S 2,270.00 

Total subscriptions $352,853.13 

138 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Tlie tollowiuii- aiv th 



■s ,,r ,,ui- scl.li. 



Harry Altexberg — Pri\;it 
IfllS, in the Argonne. Pii\-. 
Anp. Ofik- County, Illinois, l)r 
111(1 Paulina Altenberg, wIki 
incnilicrof tlu'33r(l Division, C 
licldvcd liv his officers and I'oi 



Killed in actual coml.al, on Sept. 2(i 
teiilieig was horn in Pine ( ■i-e<'l< Town 
•_'7, 1S()3. He was tlie son u{ Wilhan 
rvive him. Private Altenlierii was : 
A, i:;2nd Inf., and an exemplary s,, Idler 



m 



Lee Gilbert — Private. The next one to lose his life in our country' 
service was Private Lee Gilbert, who died after a short service in tli 
Tank Corps at CamjD Polk, Raleigh, N. C, his death being a result ( 



influenza 



Hkkmax Leslie Wilson — Private, was born in Westminister, Car- 
roll County, Maryland, March 9th, 1899; died in Base Hospital No. 
IS France, May 10, 1918. He was the son of Columlnis and Florence 
Wilson, who came to Franklin Grove, Illinois, September 1004. He 
enli.sted m the Marine Corps on May 2:M. 1017 at Chica-o, Illinois 
and was assigned to Camp Quantio, Virginia, where he served in the soih 
Cp., 6th Regular Marines until January 19, 1918 when he was tiaiis- 
ferred with his company to France. A few months later he was taken 
with a severe cold which develo|)ed into iie|)hrites and broncho |)neu- 
monia, which resulted in his death. He was buried with mihtary honors 
tarv Cdueterv. attaciied to Base Hospital, Xo. IS, France. 



^^ 




CHAPTER XXVII 

Dixon Township 

ByF. (/. Prkstox 

Dixon township, innnoiliately after the deehiration of war, became the center of all 
war work carried on in Lee County by reason of llic fact that it contained the county 
seat and was the center of population. All of the war drives were directed from Dixon 
and upon the township fell the burden of raising the greater share of Lee County's r|uota 
of each sum asked. In many of the activities Dixon township lead the way, but in otliers 
a few outside communities realized their goal first. 

The approach of hostilities was vividly brought home to Dixon when its militia company 
— Company G, Illinois National Guard — was called into service' for guard duty at Rock 
Island, III., on :\Iar. 27, 1917, leaving Dixon in command of Capt. E. J. Soper. After 
service at Hock Island, and East St. Louis, and a training period at Houston, Texas, 
this unit, which Ix'came Battery C, 123d LT. S. Heavy Artillery on September 15, went 
overseas the following May and was lost to home folks until June 8, 1919 when it arrived 
home from Camp Grant, where it was mustered out after gallant service in the war on 
autocracy. 

Many Public Meetings Held 

Dixon's first war meeting was held on the evening of April 4, 1917, two days before 
the United States declared war on Germany. It was a rousing meeting held in the Opera 
House when its young men were ui-ged to show the true American spirit and be ready 
to fight for Uncle Sam, if necessary. 

Col. W. B. Brinton presided at this gathering and speakers were Capt. Charles Frisby, 
Maj. Sam Cushing, Attorney John E. Erwin and Rev. E. C. Lumsden, pastor of the First 
M. E. Church. These speakers pointed out the grave danger facing the United States, 
urged support of the president in his German policy and pleaded for true Americanism. 

The declaration of war two days later was received in Dixon with solemnity, but with 
a firm determination to see it through to the bitter end. Flags were everywhere flying 
when President Wilson on April 2, 1917, delivered his memorable address to Congress 
and they remained conspicuous until the armistice was signed. 

Many prominent speakers and famed organizations visited Dixon during the war. 

One of the first public gatherings for war work was the appearance at Assembly Park 
on June 27, 1917 of the Paulist choir in a concert for Red Cross benefit. Besides adding 
impetus to the drive, already under way, this organization raised $1,000 by its concert. 

Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis, the fearless and patriotic federal judge of Chicago, 
visited Dixon on Jun(> 29, 1917, speaking for the Red Cross. He delivered one address 
to business men at a noon meeting and delivered another to a great mass meeting in the 
evening. 

Under the auspices of the Woman's Committee Council of National Defense, Capt. 
Hugh Knyvett of the Australian army, a veteran of the battlefield, spoke to a large Dixon 
audience on Dec. 20, 1917. He was making a tour of the Ignited States, while on a fur- 
lough, painting a terrible picture of the horrors of war. Some months later he died from 
the effects of many a hardship in the trenches. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Iluvins \Ur Fnurtli I.il.crty l,,;ni caiiipniun, 1|„' .lackic lunid ,.f ( iicnt Lakes Naval 
Training statidii, visited Dixon while on a lour of the iiiidl.le west and -ave a eoiMM-rt 
at a great mass meeting at Xaehusa 'ra\'ein. Acconipaiiying this splendid musical organ- 
ization were D. E. Shanahan, speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives, and Judge 
Fenton W. Booth of the Court of ( 'lainis, Washington D. ('., hoth of whom made ajipeals 
for a great I'esponse to the government's call for money. 

Lieut. J. F. O'Hagen spoke in behalf of the Tinted War Work drive on Nov. (i, 1!)18. 

On April 16, 1919, preceding the Victory Loan campaign, the I'niled Stales war t'X- 
hibit train visited Dixon, bringing for exhibition many of the grim implements which were 
used in beating back the Huns. Thousands of people saw the display, watched the whipjx't 
tank give an exhibition and attended the mass meeting in the Countryman building. 

Red Cross Work in Dixon 

Too nmch cannot 1m- said of the splen.lid spnit which mark.'.l the work of the Ued 
Cross in Dixon township. Xo sooner had the war started than the Dixon chapter re- 
sponded to calls for funds, knitted garments, comfort kits and other articles. The number 
of loyal workers rapidly increased as the need for their services became apparent. 

Une thousand members was the goal in the first membership drive which was lamichetl 
Apr. 24, 1917. George C. Dixon, Tim Sullivan, W. W. Gilbert, R. W. Thompson and 
B. F. Downing served as a committee to direct this drive, and the results justified the 
efforts put ff)rth. 

On May 14, 1917 the Dixon chapter was mei'ged into the Lee County chapter and 
W. B. Brinton was elected invsident. Thus the work of the Red Cross was made county- 
wide. On May 21 the woi'kers began making comtVm kits to give to men entering the 
service. 

The first Red Ci'oss drive for money ended July 7 with a subscription of $12,629. The 
quota was only $10,000. Judge R. S. Farrand was chairman at the start of this drive, 
but retired in favor of E. H. Brewster when his health became poor. 

The first membership drive in 1918 closed January 6 with 4065 membeis in this town- 
ship as against a quota of 3500. The third precinct held the honor of being the first "o\-er 
the top." 

The final Red Cross drive was conducted May 20, 191.S, when th(> voluntai-y subsi'ri])- 
tion plan was used for the first time. This plan, wliich was afterwards extensively used 
throughout the United States, was unique in that it placed every citizen on his honor to 
go voluntarily to his polling place and subscribe a quota fixed by a committee for that 
purpose. Dixon's quota was S9,.'i52 in this drive and $9,659 was subscrilied the first 
day. Dixcin townslii]) was the fii'st in the county to reach its quota. 

Liberty Loan Campaign 

Subscriptions to the First Liberty Loan were asked of Dixon people following a meeting 
on June 6, 1917 when 0. H. Martin was madi ehairnian of the drive. By personal solicita- 
tion and assistance from the banks the ([uota of •S2.30,000 was subscribed. 

Dixon's quota in the Second Liberty loan was $391,000. The campaign opened Oct. 
16, 1917 and on October 24 the campaign was declared closed with total subscriptions 
of $427,350, an ovcrsul scription of .«;30,350. Edward Vaile was chairman of this campaign 
which was featm-ed by a jiarade and mass meeting on Liberty Day, October 24. Henry 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Rathboiie of Chicago, Rev. E. C. Lumsden, Judge R. S. Farrand and Rvv. Michael Foley 
of Dixon delivered addresses at this meeting. 

Headciuarters for the Third Liberty loan were established in April, 1918 in the Dixon 
Realty building, now the building occupied by the Dixon State Bank & Trust Co. Edward 
Vaile was the township chairman during this drive, which was opened by a parade and 
mass meeting on Ajiril 9. The 342nd Regiment band of Camp Grant took part in the 
demonstration. Dixon's quota of $468,000 was raised in record time, subsci'iptions being 
closed on April 17. 

The Voluntary sulisciiplion plan was used during the Foui'th Lilierty loan in the fall 
of 1918. On Se]5tenibcr '2S, citi/.ens of the township went to their polling places and sub- 
scribed to .<s."i:iS,7()() worth of bonds, an oversubscription of $161,800. Albert Bor.st was 
chaiiiiiaii of tlic township conmiittee in this drive. 

The hnal or Victory loan drive was opened April 21, 1919 and Dixon's quota of .$273,000 
was oversubscribed by $139,250 on the first day by the voluntary subscription plan. This 
campaign was given impetus by the visit here of the United States war exhibit train. 



Y. M. C. A. Activities During the 'War 



The Dixon Y. 


AI. ( 


'. A. took a i^romincni 


the war. Every 


cam 


paign was aided by t 


exti'a activities c 
by the ivpoil coi 


auscd 
itaini 


liv the war. Detail; 
'din CliapterXVII. 



lart in all war work in Dixon township during 
e Dixon association, besides carrying on the 
of activities of Y. M. C. A. are fully covered 



Dixon Churches and the 'World 'War 

Churches of Dixon, without exception, took up wai- work with a will immediatt'ly 
upon the start of hostilities. Pastors, from theii' pulpits, constantly pleaded for a united 
people during the great crisis, urged compliance with governuient regulations as to food, 
fuel, and sei'vice. 

On Aug. 12, lOlS, St. Patrick's parish dedicated a service flag containing 118 stars, 
one for eaeii boy fioni tlii' |)arish in the .service. Two silver stars appeared on the banner, 
representing two lioys who were wounded in action. During the program of the evening 
addresses were made by John J. Armstrong, Martin J. Gannon, John E. Erwin, John P. 
Devine and Henry S. Dixon. The names of the 118 men in service were read by Frank 
Cahill, secretaiy of the pai-jsh war council. Recitations by junior members of the parish 



and patriotic 


songs by the whole assemblage weiv a feature of the service. 


The hrst 


united action was taken on Aiiril 1.'), I(n7 when a, union service was held 


for the purpt 


)se of raising money to send woi'kers to Fraiii'e. At this one meeting $450 


was raised. 




Fai-ewell ; 


^ervi(■es foi' boys entering the service were held in the various churches from 


time to time. 


and when members paid the supreme sacriHce on the field of duty, memorial 


services were 


iield to honor their memory. 


Tiie .Mel! 


loihsl chiurh conducted a public farewell service on Feb. 24, 1918 for 28 


Lee county b 


oys who wei-e called for .service. Rev. Iv ('. Lumsden, pastor; Mayor Henry 


Schmidt, Sta 


te's Attorney Harry Edwanis and .1. Der Kinderen spoke. 




■War Activities of Dixon Schools 


Pu].iis ,,f 


Dixon schools heard the call for greater food production on Apr. 24, 1917 


when the scli 


ool garden movement was iiuuigurated by the .Junior Chamber of Commerce. 


Hundreds of 


new gardens were planted that year, adding materially to the supply of food. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 





In .lanuai 


■V lOlS, ,1, 


a 


aav- aiul 


hrlpcd rcli 




Tluilt St: 


imp chilis 


V( 


'stnu'iit W11 


Ih Uncle > 


tl 


le result th 


at niaiiv <■ 




Service fl 


ags f,u- ni. 


war started ; 


md stars v 



ni.ir the cual sh,,rta-c the pupils t(H,k up the sl,,iian -sav a sh.ivcl 
H' the suffninii thniu-h"Ul llir c.unlry .hiring the cchl weather, 
i-eri' Inrnie.l in all scImh.Is, pupil- savui.Li tluar pin nu.ney fur in- 
ni. These elul.s rc.niiiiued (hmnij; th.- duration ot the war with 
ildren laid the foundation for a saving eanii)aisn. 

in service from the two hig;h schools were raised soon after the 
■re added from time to time durinfi the conflict. 

For the Soldiers' Comfort 

All l.ee edunty soldiei's who left foi' their training camps from Dixon wei'c pi-es(>nt(>d 
with ediiifiin kits, the work of tlie Ki-d Cross and other patriotic orders. 

Lee county's first drafted contingent, Company AT of Camp Cirant, was given SI, 772. 40 
for a comfort fund, the result of a campaign which liciiau on Sept. 22, 1917. < •. II. Mail in 
was chairman of this campiagn. A dinner at Arnioiy hall netted S103 to this fund. 

On March 9. lOlS Company M hoys were given a fuiiough and were given a royal 
reception in Dixeii. They took pail, in a para.le and were the guests of the Dixon Evening 



Allied Bazaar 



Under the auspices of the Woman's Committee Council of National Defense, the Allied 
Bazaar was held in Dixon the week of March 2-9, 1918. The organization, through its 
units in every township, gathered together a vast amount of saleable goods, which were 
sold at auction during the week. Tlie proceeds of the bazaar were $5,600. A handker- 
chief donated by Mrs. Wdodrow Wilson sold for $14 during the auction, the purchaser 
being W. A. Schuler. Congressman Medill ^McCormick spoke the evening of ]\Iarch 7, 
the start of the auction. Edward Vaile was ehairnian of the conniiittee having in charge 
the bazaar, the most successful benefit e\-eiit of the war perioil. 

Registration of women for war work was s|ionsored by the Woman's Committee and 
Mrs. L. F. Coohiig was cliaiiniaii of this work. In the entire county 4,401 women were 
registered. 

In September KIbS, the committee i-irried on the baby weighing campaign and 517 
Dixon township balii(>s were examined. 

War Savings Stamps Campaigns 

The first campaign for the sale of War Savings Stamps was conducted beginning 
Dec. 3, 1917 with Wm. F. Hogan as chairman. Citizens were asked to pledge themselves 
to buy a certain number each during the year of 191S. On ,June 13, 1918 Dixon township 
was assigned a quota of $140,250 in war savings stamps and during tlie drive that o]ieiied 
June 17, the quota was subscrilieo. 

The sale of thrift stamps in the schools of the city helped greatly in securing the (luota 
for Dixon townshij). 

Conservation Campaigns 

Conservation, one of the slogans during the period of hostilities, was oli.servetl by 
practically all Dixon people. 

Food conservation was first asked by the Goverimient. The first meatless day 
was observed in Dixon on Oct. 30, 1917. It is estimated that 500 pounds of meat was 
saved on this dav alone. 



144 WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNT y, ILLINOIS 

Fair price lists for all stajjle foods were pul.ilished Jan. 10, 1918. Porkless days were 
observed hesinning Jan. 22, 1918. 

Fuel roiiservalicin was ])ractice(l diu'in<i the I'arly part of 1918, heatless Mondays 
lieins initiated .lanuaiy Ki and revoked Fehruary K5. ( lasless Sundays during the summer 
of 1918 were <renerally observed. 

Dixon Home Guards 

After the depailure for service of Company (\. I. X. (!. :i movement was started to 
rai.se a company of home guards to perform such service as would lie recjuired. The 
Dixon company of the reserve militia was organized Nov. 19, 1917 with Louis Pitcher as 
chairman of a membership committee of fourteen. Tom Richards was selected as the 
first captain. Later he was succeeded by Sam Gushing, and upon the appointment of 
Mr. Gushing to major of the Sixth regiment L R. M., Lieut. George Fruin was promoted 
to captain. The company was accepted by the state on Feb. 25, 1918, when it had 40 
d on Ajiril 9 was mustered into state service by General Wells of Spring- 
City Council and War Work 

Dixon, tln-ough its city conunission, took an active part in war work, 
individually, members of the city conunission worked as a grouj) in pat- 
ient every assistance possible. 

The city commission on Aug. 6, 1918 passed a resolution of sympathy to parents, 
whose boys fell on the field of battle. A copy of these resolutions were sent to everj^ family 
in which a death occurred. 

On Aug. 1, 1918 tli(» city commission adopted a resolution asking Dixon citizens to 
pause a moment at noon each day and offer silent ])rayei' for the safety of our boys in 
France. 

Proclamations on fuel and food conservation were issued by ]\Liyor Henry Schmidt 
during the early part of 1918 and in compliance with his wishes flags were flung to the 
breeze on the first anniversary of the war, April 6, 1918. 

The Library in the War 

The Dixon Public library lent its assistance during the war in more than one able 
manner. The first activity was a drive in September, 1917 foi- books for the men in ser- 
vice. Li this campaign i?153 was raised with which to purclia.se books. 

d many booklets pertaining 



enlisted 


men, 


field. 




The 


Gitv 


Besides 


helpii 


riotic d] 


I'lves a 



Lat 

fooii 


er during (•( 
1, thrift and 


economy. 


hives, the institution dist 
Armistice Celebration 



Dixon (■(•Icbiatcil the advent on peace on Nov. 11, 1918 in a maimer not surj^assed by 
any city. The news came shortly after 2 o'clock on Monday morning after a night of 
tenseness to all. All throughout Sunday word of the end of hostilities was momentarily 
expected. When it finally came factory whistles, locomotives and every known noise 
producer was placed into use. By daylight the whole city was apprised of the glad tidings 
and the streets were crowded to learn more of the armistice signing. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



after I'lvsidcnl Wils,,n ha. I 
ptsnid.' was tuniir.l dii ddwnt 
,1 aii.l tlinr ,l,'lc,t;at i.ms in th 



line of iiiaivh a.l.lcd 



Homecoming Celebration 

Lee Countjf's homecoming coleliration for all boys in scivi. 
1919, four days after Company G, 123rd F. A., returned fr.mi r 

Weeks were spent in pn'jiaration for this oeeasion anil tlmusai 
gathered in Dixon to lionui- the Ixiys wlm iiad fminhf tlicir liaitlr. 

A welcome arch was o'cctcd on Snutli (Jalcna Avennc just 
through which the honor men marched in a great parade in the 1:; 
out the day the crowds were entertained by free open-air perform 
two large dances were held for the entertainment of the boys wli 
ladies of Dixon furnished the food fm' a ^ivat dinma' at tin' l-^lk; 

Col. Henry J. Reilly of Chicago, c.mmander of Pually's bu( 
unit of the 42iid division, delivered the address of the day. ^lusi^ 
and Sterluig 1 ands. 



■ was 1 


el.l . 


" •'"'"■ ^-■ 


Is of Iv 


,. Co 


nity iieople 


south ( 
te after 

1 had s( 


f Se 


■ond street, 

Through- 

the evening 

r\'iee. The 


ks, the 
was fu 


faini 


us arlillery 
■d hv Dixon 



Gilbert A. Stephexitch — soi 
was born May 17th, 1896, at Si 
Grant, September 18th, 1918, a 
there he was sent to Camp Green 
transfern^d to Co. L. 7th Inf. I" 
X. v., tlience to France. He w: 
tl;e effects of which he died O.'t. 
^leuse, France. 



.John and Catherine Stepheintcli, 
le, III He was called to Camp 
ras ;i member of Co. AI. I'roin 
til ( 'aidlina, and at this time was 
this eanip he went to Camp Mihs. 
Minded on Oi't. lUth, lUlS, from 
1. He was buried at Senoncourt , 



B 



Cl.wton Elliott— Son of .Vmos and Alary K. Elliott, was born at 
Rapattee, Knox County, III., October 20, lsn4, and moved to Dixon 
in the year of 1901, On .lune 28, l>,)lS,he was called into service and was 
sent to Camp Swcerie>', Kai;sas (ity, Alo. He became an instructor in 
auto truck driving, and was made a Sergeant of Training Detachment 
No. 1, 3Co. A, U. S. A. On October 5th he died at Camp Sweeney Hospi- 
tal, from influenza and pneumonia, and was brought home to Dixon, 
and buried in Oakwood Cemeterv, October 10th, 1918. 




Ward A. Sixdlixger— Son of Air, and Airs, L. Sindhnger, was born 
at Alt. Carroll, 111., July 12, ISSd. In early life he, with his i.arents, 
moved to Dixon, which place remainetl his home until the time of his 
death. On September 29th he went to Jefferson Barracks, Mo., and 
joined the army (cavalry, Co. 27) and there remained three weeks. He, 
with his Company (Troup F, 4th Cav. U. S. A.) were then sent to Schoe- 
field Barracks, Hawaiian Islands, and there remained until August 1917. 
The last year of his service he was Corjioral of Troop F of the Fourth 
Regiment of Cavalry. He then returned to the United States with 




WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



one of the Colonels, an 
Ga., and there died I'n 
Dixon, August 22, li)l 



lie horses, taking them to Fort Ogelthorpe, 
(1. He was buried in Oakwood Cemetery, 




Stanley Sofolo — 8011 of I'^i-ank and Lena Sofolo. He was liorn in 
Chicago, October 28th, ISU.V and on :\Iay 27th, 191S. was inducted into 
1he aimy at Camp Gorilon, Georgia. From there he went to Camp 
Mrn lit, Xew Jersey. He was placed in infantry service (Co. L). In 
Aimu^t 1918, he landed in France, and was killed in action September 
29, 19 IS. He was liuried at Giiillcinont Farm Cemetery, ncai' Ronsoy, 



B 



Lloyd Kaylor Bartholomew — Son of Eugi'ue Albert and Enuna 
Ka>l((r Bartholomew, was born at Dixon, 111., Feb. 22, 1899. Before 
the war he was a Corporal in Co. F, Home Guards. He was inducted 
into tiie service October 1, 1918, and became a member of the Students 
Army and Training Corps at Illinois University, Champaign, Illinois. 
He became a Sergeant in ( 'o. 4, and had passed an examination for 2nd 
Liotitenant when he was sudilenly taken ill with pneumonia, on Oct. 
41 h, and died December 4th at the University Hospital, Urbana, 111. 
( )ii ])ec('iiil:)cr 8th he was buried in Oakwood Cemetery. 



Elijah Doan — Son of Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Doan of Dixon, was born 
August 28th, 1889. He was inducted into service May 28, 1918, and 
was killed in action in France Oct. 17, 1918. A brother, Jasper J. Doan, 

also saw service in France and was one of the last to be returned home. 



^^j^ TiiKd. TmiUTH — Son of Mr. and Mrs. Jacol) Trouth, was born in 

gKf^ Dixon, .luly 14th, 1888. (_)n Sei)teiiiber ,')th, 1917, he was called to ser- 

^^Br^ta vice at Caiuii (irant. He remained thri'e but a short time before being 

^B ' sent to Cami) Logan, Houston, Texas, thence to Xew York, and from 

W^.^_ there to France. He belonged to Co. A, 132 Infantry, A. E. F. The 

^^H^H^ following letter received by Mr. Trouth from John R. Weaver, Captain 

^H^^^H of 132d Infantry, will show the esteem the young soldier was held in by 

his officers and comrades: 
.My Dear Sir: 

I regret to inform you of the death of your son, Private Theodore L. Trouth of this 

company, who died at Casualty hospital No. 53, June 25, 1918, at 10 p. m., of Pyaemia. 

About two weeks ago, to be exact, June 11, Private Trouth was taken ill and sent to 

the hospital by the regimental surgeon, where he remained until the time of his death. 

Private Trouth was an excellent soldier, who was universally liked by his officers and 

fellow soldiers, and his <Ieath is a source of genuine sorrow to all of us. 

Sincerely yours, 

John R. Wka\'ek, 
Captain 132n(l Infantry. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



He was \v,.uii,1.m1 hi a iiiiihl attack 
, l.ut atiaiii Weill on tlic tii'iiKj; line. 
\ as Oitlfily fur LWn. Pcrsliiug, and sitvc 
he was transferred to a very responsil 




Edward Butt— Scriicant, S(,n <if Fivdcrick August and Amelia l^utt, 
was horn in Dixon, May 'it, ISS!). At tlu' aiic of 21, in 1010, he en- 
listed in the Federal Army at Fort L.,iiaii, Cal. Aftca- trainin-. Ins first 

of Ala.ska. His lov<- for military hh- was shown hv the fact tliat he re- 
enlisted after reeeivmti his lu.nurahle .liseliariie. After Ins second 
enlistment he was sent to the Mexic.-in lioider at h'.l Pasu, wliere lie ex- 
perienced the trials (if real aiiii>- life. He was wmmdi 
which laid him nji fur a few weeks, Init attain went 
After that event he was reconanende 

fnlly. At Cohimlms, New Mexico, he was transferred to a very responsniie p<isi 
haviiii!: exclusive charge of all government supplies, and was given a Corporalship. Fn ni 
here he went to E\ Paso, Texas, and was attached to the 17th Inf. His next move was 
to Atlanta, C!a., his dnty lieing the guarding of interned Germans. He was later sent to 
Chattanooga, Tenn., and was assigned to the 55th Inf. Next he was sent to f'amp Dix, 
N. J., where he was appointed Traffic Officer and was advanced to a Seriieancy. He was 
then in the Slllh Infantry, and they were called to France. He was on the ^h'tz front 
twenty-one days, and the \'erdun fi-ont, where he saw sume terril.le liatllis. He died at 



the American Base Hos] 
of 29 vears. 



])( 



D'l 



•)U», 



ia;e 




Horace Flint Ohtt— Son of Rowley U, and Pachel P, Oitt, A\as 
Ijorn at :Morristown, Pa., March 20th, l.S9o, and later moved to Dixon 
Illinois. He left home in June 1917, with Co. G, of Dixon, toi Rock 
Island, and from there went to East St. Louis on .July 20th. Fiom this 
city, on Septemlier 9th, he went to Cam]) l.oiian, Houston, Texas, and 
remained there until May istli, 191S, then went to Camp Merritt, N. .1., 
May 27th; sailed for Europe, and landed at Liveipool, England, .Iniie 
7, 1918; then traveled to La Havre, France, arriving June 12 The 
St. Mihiel battle on Septemher 11th, was his first battle. In this battle 
his Company, the 123d Field Vrt was cited loi honois bv :\Iaj C.en Siimmeiall, com- 
mander of the 1st Div. From theie maichdl to the Aiu,onne It was heie tl a' Horace 
volunteered to deliver a message, tor his Captain of the Battery, thiough 1 eavy shell 
fire, and was killed in the attempt. He was in Battery C, 33d Div., 123d Field Art. 
He was cited by Brig. Gen. Todd, on Dec. 31st, 1918, for extraordinary heroism and dis- 
tinguished service; also on May 17th, 1919, by Maj. Gen. Bell foi tiallantiv in action 
against the enemy; also the following citation: 

Private Horace F. Ortt, Battery C, 123d F. A., for distinguished and excepiional 
gallantry at Very-Epinonville on 4th October 1918 in the operations of the American 
Expeditionary Forces in testimony thereof, and as an expression of appreciation of his 
valor, I award him this citation. John J. Pershing, 

Awarded on March 27, 1919. Commander-in-Chief. 

Horace was buried with military honors in a church cemetery in tlie town of Very, 
France. The American Legion Burial Lot in Oakwood Cemetery, Dixon, has a special 
marker bearing his name. A beautifully engraved certificate, issued June 1, 1919, by 
direction of the President of the LTnited States, was received by Mi'. Ortt, exjiressing his 
deep and sincere sympathy on the death of his son. 

In the Spring of 1920 the Distinguished Service Cross was awarded to him, for bravtry 
in action, and was sent hv the War Department to his parents. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 




11, 191 

and on Janu;i 
taken serious! 
on January 2 



Fhkd Oscar McWethy— Son of Geo. P. and Mary A. McWelliy, 
was l)orn Dec. 8, 1896, at Eldora, Hardin Co., Iowa, and wlien a child 
moved with his parents to Dixon, and knew no other home. He enhsted 
at Oregon, Ogle Co., Illinois, June loth, 1918, and on August 5th was 
sent to Chicago University to complete his training, which was finished 
Octolior 12tii. On Octohcr 15th he was sent to Camp Hancock, Ga., 
and after two weeks service was declare<l fit for oversea service. He was 
then transferred to Camp Johnson, Ga., where he secured his oversea 
efiuipment. He was in waiting when the armistice was signed, November 
He was a member of the 16th Co. 161 D. B. He returned to Camp Grant, 
15, lOlfl, received his honorable discharge. Returning to Dixon he was 
1 with piicunionia, and was taken to the Dixon Hospital, where he tiled 
ind was buried at Oakwood Cemeterv, .lanuarv 23, 1919. 




John Parsons enlisted in the Quartermaster Corps at 
the outbreak of the war, and served in Texas, where he was 
l)romoted to Corporal, Sergeant and Second Lieutenant. 
He went to France in 1918 and was promoted to First 
Lieutenant. While returning to the United States, he con- 
tiacted pneumonia and dii'd at sea. 



CHAPTER XXVIII 

123 Field Artillery 

By Capt. Lloyd G. Lewis 

On :Marcli 2(ltli. 1917. the iiiriiili<'i-s of Company G. Sixth Hciiimciit , IlliiKiis National 
Guard. i(-ii(.it(Ml at tlic AriiHuy at Dixc.ii, Illinois, in respdnsc t" thr call ni I'lvsidciit Wilson. 

During .Monday and Tuesday. March 26th and 27th, tlic Gonipany rcmaiiifd at the 
Armory, prepared to move, and at <iiic- o'clock A. M. Wednesday, the 28th, the Company 
entrained at the Chicago and Xorthwestern Station, and left for Rock Island Arsenal, 
going into camp there almut iKum of the same day. 

Tiie Arsenal was operating to its fullest capacity at this time, getting out material 
in preparation for the entrance of this country into the war, and it was cousideicd neces- 
sary that the plant be well guarded, as the large water power plant . which furnished elec- 
trical powerforthe operation of the Arsenal factories, and the four bridges which ( onnected 
the Island with the main land, were easily accessible to enemy agents, and should any 
of these important points be destroyed, the operation of the iilaiit would be greatly im- 
paired, so it became the duty of Compairy G, together with ('omi)aines .K, V]. V. H. \- L 
of this regiment, under command of Major Edward H. Dunavin. to guard the Arsenal 
and the island, from March 28th to July 30th. 

Company G, at this time, consi.sted of 68 men and thr ifhcers. Captain Klijah L. 

Soper, Fir,st Lieutenant Clarence G. Preston, and Second Lieutenant Lloyd (b Lewis. 

When th<- company left Dixon, Lieutenant Preston nauained in the city to secure 
recruits to till the ranks of the c( mjiany to war strength: he rejoined the company about 
a week later, bringing eight recruits with him. 

The initial muster roll of the Company was dated April 21, 1917, This date marked 
the change from a State to a Federal status. 

From May 12th to June i:-;th. Lieutenant Lewis was on i-eciuiting duty in the home 
cities of Companies G, E, I, ami the >Licliine (but Company, the lattei' two 1 cuig ui camp 
at Springfield, lUinois. 

About this time, the Wai' Department (k'cided not to retain any niarrie(l men in the 
service, and all of the married men of Company <i were discharged and returned to tlieir 
homes. This took from the Company many of the old(a' men who had been advanced 
to the grade of Non-Commissioned Officers, on account of long and faithful service m the 
National Guard. 

On .July 30th, the Company left Rock Island for East St. Louis, annving there at six 
A. M. the next day, and went into camp at Nineteenth Street and Missouri Avenue, 
relieving some of the Chicago troops that had been on duty there since the riots of July 
4th, 1917. The Company remained here until September 8th together with Companies 
A, C, D, I, K, L. and Machine Gun Company. Colonel Davis, with the remainder of 
the regiment, was at Spiingfield. 

Leaving East St. Louis on Seiiteml er 8tli, the entire detachment went to < 'amp Logan, 
Houston, Texas, where the Sixth Regiment was all together for the first time since it was 
called out in March. 



1-'i(> WAR HISTO RY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

Un September 19th, the Sixth Infantry was changed into a regiment of fie:i\\- :iitillcry 
and became known as the 123rd. Field Artillery, and part of the 58th Field Artilli ly 
Brigade of the 33rd Division, which was being organized at Camp Logan out of t he Nat i( )iial 
Guard of Illinois, under command of Major General George Gell, Jr. The 12 companies 
of the old sixth regiment were organized into six batteries, a supply company and a head- 
cpiai-tei's company. This automatically relieved six of the twelve captains. Company 
( I and ( 'onijiany M were oigauized into a battery, and henceforth were known as Battery 
( '. ( 'aptain H. F. Hall, tlic conimaiider of Company M, lieing the senior of the two cap- 
tains, was jilaced in connnand dF Battery C. 

This reorganizaticiu into a Field Artillery unit was fiuickly jierfected, and the regiment 
entered upon a period of intensive training in the various l)ranch(>s of Artillery work, 
which lasted through the winter and until the n(>xt May, when the Division conunenced 
moving towards the port to sail for France. 

In the well-e(|ui|)pe(l regimental infirmary, each man received a long course of inocula- 
tions and vaccinations against Typhoid Fever and Small Pox. This treatment, wliile 
it caused much inconvenience and discomfort while being taken, was of inestimable value 
and undoubtedl}^ accounts for the almost entire absence of these diseases among our Ijoys 
while at the front, where they often were compelled to drink water that was anything 
but pure. 

Wireless stations and teleplione systems were i)ut up, and details of men from each 
battery were instructed in this work by experienced operators. 

The regiment, at first planned, was to be a horse-drawn artillery unit, and horses 
were issued to each battery. The men who had had some expcn'ience with horses were 
assigned as drivers and instructed in the care and training of artillery horses, the care 
and adjustment of harness and saddles, horseshoeing, etc. 

The men of the Battery were divided into two departments — the Horse Department 
or Drivers Squads, and the Cannoneers or Gun Squads. Lt. Preston had charge of the 
training of the horsemen and Lt. Lewis the Gun crews. 

In the evenings, schools were held for the officers and non-commissioned officers, 
at which the principles of Artillery firing and tactics were taught by instructors from the 
Regular Army. For several weeks the men drilled with improvised wooden guns, then 
with some very old three-inch guns, and later with a battery of 4.7 inch howitzers. These 
howitzers, although very old, were still in good serviceable condition, and many interesting 
as well as pi'ofitable days were spent with them on the artillery range. 

During the stay at Camp Logan there were many changes in the officers of the Battery. 
Lt. Douglas Elliott was assigned to Battery C on September 20th, and remained with 
them until December when he was transferred to Headquarters Company and sent to 
Fort Sill to study Aerial Observation. On November 17th, Lt. Lewis was aihaiiccd to 
1st Lieutenant, and in December, 2nd Lt. John Lawson and 2nd Lt. Roy Tuckhrieter 
were assigned to the Battery to make up its quota of four Lieutenants. 

On January 1, IfliS, Lieutenants Preston and L(>wis were translVrrtnl to Headquarters 
Company to take up the study of Aerial ( )b.servati()n. About February 1st Lt. Preston 
was transferred from Headquarters Company to Battery F and placed in command of 
that organization and advanced to rank of Captain, and Lt. Lewis was returned to Battery 
C. Lt. Tuckbrieter was advanced to 1st Lieutenant. 2nd Lieutenant Waterhouse 
of the lOStli iMigiiieers was transferred to the Battery. About May 1st Lt. Lewis was 
transferred to Hat1ei>- B, and again in August he was transferred from Battery B to Head- 
(luarters Company and |>laced in connnand of that organization, remaining with it until 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



the close of the war. In May, Lt. Berg was assigned to Battciy C. In March. ( "aptaiii 
Hall was transferred to the staff of Gen. Bell, and Capt. John C I'..ihnn, who, at this 
time was Adjutant of the 3rd Bnttahon, was placed in command nf the Battri\-; a nuinth 
later, when Capt. Bohan was made Major of the 2iid Battalion, Cajit. Howai'd Sclovcr 
was placed in command of <' Hattci.w 

Ahoin May 1st the Division coniniciKMMJ moving towards the port of cniliaikat ion. 
Part of the 123rd rrginirnt entrained on the 13th, for Camp .Merritt, \e\v .li'i-sey, and 
on the following day the 2nd Battalion, consisting of Batteries C and D left liy way of 
Fort Smith, Arkansas; St. Louis, Mo.; Decatur, 111.; Fort Wayne, Ind.; Detroit, Midi,: 
passing through Canada to Niagara Falls, Rochester and Syracuse, Xew York, to Camp 
Merritt, near Jersey City, New Jersey, arriving there May 19th, The trip was an enjoy- 
able one, being made in PuUmans which were not crowded. Strict orders weic issued 
against mailing letters or cards in any of the stations we passed through, or informing 
any person about the stations we passed through as to what organizations were on the 
train, or what seaport we were bound foj-, as the German Govermnent was watching 
closely this giaanlic military machine whicli this country was putting in oi)eration and 
enemy agents were working in this country to learn tlie names of organizations and the 
number of troops moving overseas, also the boats they woulil sail on. 

The seven clays stay at Camp Merritt was spent in bathing, and completing the e(iuip- 
ment of the men. The new steel lielmets were issued to us liere. 

Before leaving Texas, we received riom tlie ladies of Dixon a largi' box of heavy woolen 
stockings and wristlets which were distributed to the Dixon boys, also a sum (jI money 
raised by the business men of Dixon and sent to us, which was spent for articles which 
the Government did not furnish, but which helped greatly to equip the men for overseas 
service. So when we reached Cam]-) Merritt, we were well equipped, btit the Red Cross 
was on hand with a large (nianiity of woolen knit goods which were being made by the 
women all over the United States, and any men who arriveil at the seaport without a 
good sweater, wristlets or heavy socks was given these articles by the lieil Cross, 

As soon as the men were ecjuipped, and while waiting for orders to sail, tlie men were 
given 24 hour passes to New York. 

May 26th, 1918, found the regiment once more on railway trains, this time bound 
for a transport. It was a sliort trip, lasting one hour and thirty imniites, .Vrriviiig at 
Hoboken docks, the regiment boarded tlie ferry boat, Jamestown, and crosseil the Hud- 
son river to the New York side wlanv the steamship Scotian was waiting to convey us to 
France. 

The men were carebilly cliecke.l on board, assigned to (|Uar1ei-s, and issue,! Iiammocks 
and life preservers. One day and nigiit the boat i-emamed at the wliaif, biu neitlier men 
nor officers were permitted to go on siiore. On the morning of ^Nlay 27lh, a tug towed 
the Scotian out of the harbor. Owing to th<> .lense fog and the fact that all men were 
kept below decks while leaving the harbor, in order that a possible German spy might 
not recognize it as a troo]3 ship, wi' were not able to witness the forming of tlie Convoy, 
but by 11 o'clock we were well out on the high seas, and as the fog cleared, we could see 
that we were in a convoy of 13 ships, one of which was the English cruiser \ ictorian. 
The other ships were the Cedric, Melita, Ulyses, Armagh, Toloa, Kshmire, Khi\ a, < ydops, 
Derbyshire, Bramble Leaf and Pear Leaf. The officers and men were reciuircd to \\ear 
the life preservers at all times. Life boat drills were held frequently. A look-out guard 
of 13 men were kept posted at all times on the upper deck, to watch for Submarines. This 
guard was in addition to the i-(>gtilai' watch ftu'nished by the ship's crew. It was increased 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



liy a detail of six ufficcrs when we arrived in the Stiliniai-ine zone. Caliytlienic exercises 
were held every morning for the benefit of the men. 

The third day out, the sea became verj^ rough, and nearly every one on board experienced 
an attack of seasickness. In spite of the rough weather, the boys were jolly and in good 
spirits the most of the time, as is characteristic of the American soldier, improving every 
opportunity to derive pleasure or amusement from any situation, however unpleasant, 
in which tlicy found themselves. The crew, which were all English, were apparently 
not used lo the ways of the American .soldier, for one was heard to remark, "The bloody 
Yankees would laugh if the ship was noiny; down." 

The voyage required 13 days, due to the convoy's policy of constantly zigzaging in 
its course to avoid any possible submarine that might be lying in wait for it. On May 
30th, a U. S. Cruiser joined the convoy and accompanied it until a short distance from 
the Irish coast. The danger zone was entered on June 3rd. The Submarine guard was 
strengthened, and a caivful watch was kcjit for Submarines day and night. On June 
6th, about six A. M. 11 destroyers joined the convoy, and remained with it during the 
rest of the journey. On June 7th, we entered the Irish Sea from the north, with the hills 
of Scotland plainly visible on our left and Ireland on our right. As we passed over the 
spot where the Tuscania was sunk, two dirigible balloons joined us, and accompanied 
us to Livci-pciol, which place we reached about 7 P. M., but did not debark until the next 
niorinng, Jun<" S||,, at 11 A. M. 

Alarciiing through the .streets of Liverpool, we reached Camp Knotty Ash, a rest 
cam]) about G miles from our landing place. The streets were lined with people who gave 
us a warm welcome. We left this camp the next day at 1 :30 P. M. over the Grand 
Central Railroad of Knuland. It was oiii- first view of an English ti-ain, which, with 
its odd looking engine and cdnipartnicnt cars, was ([uite a curio.sity. Passing through 
Sheffield, Oxford, and Lancaster, we arrived at Winchester at 1:30 A. M. where we spent 
the next day in the barracks on Morn Hill Camp. We again entrained for South Hamp- 
ton, June 11th, where we boarded a small channel steamer, crossing the channel at night, 
debarking at LeIIarvc, France. A march of 3 miles l)rought us to another rest camp, 
whci-c one day was spent. 

On the evening of June 13th, we were loaded onto a train of French box cars for a long 
trip to Ornans, France, near the city of Besancon, in the midst of the Jura Mountains, 
and near the Swiss border, Li order to get the regiment on the trains assigned us, it was 
necessary- lo crowd ."iO men in eacli of the cai's wliicli wcw sujiposed toacconnnodateonly 

We arrived in Oi-nans in the evening of June 15th, pitched our shelter tents, and slept 
comfortable in spite of the lain which continued nearly all night. The next day, motor 
trucks transported the iiattery to Etray, a small hamlet aliout 12 miles farther up in the 
mountains. The entire ivginicnt was ([uartcred in a nuniiier of small villag( s in this 
neighborhood. 

This district had been taken by ciur ( lovcininent for an Artillery training area. Schools 
were establishc(l in the village of Oi-nans to wliich all the officers were sent, and special 
details of non-commissioned ofiicers. At these' schools we were taught to operate the 
I'lcnch 1.').") nun howitzers with which the regiment was to be equi])ped, also the u.se of 
I lie \-:iiious Kange-finding and Fire-control instruments used with these guns. 

On .Inly L'Otli, we finished this pait of oui' instruction, and on July 22ii(l, the regiment 
left the small villages in winch it had been billeted :in(l moved into the large barracks 
at the French ('amp Du \'aldalion, where we received our e(iui])ment of howitzers, cais- 



kmI tlllllUtjIl 11 

;it it wciulil 111 


ii.ilfirial sum 
uvr within tl 


ir next few days 


■ were Siniiiti. 


Huiiiurssaii 


1 It WdUl.l l.l' tlic 


Ihciv \v:!s iiul 


siiftiiuciit sid 


Ic track t(. alluw 


thr l.it uf Ru 


if tlir liattcri 

tlcl'V (' tu 111 


cs were iiKirclicd 
arch ,,v.Tl:nid to 


he luiiniiliii ill 
illcr\- sUiHi'd 
l:iy.' It \v;is, 
t IcannMl the 


1 Autiust 22ii. 
nil its -it) mile 
nil- first UKivi 
ail\-aiitaii;(' ul 


1 the hc.iscs were 
march tn Bcsan- 
■ with full eqviip- 
f traveling light, 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS i:.: 

sons, wagons, rolling kitchens, water carts. Imrses. harness, and saddle eciuipment. Wi 
also received Gas Masks fur l)uth men and Imises. The following month was spent ii 
strenuous rai^'ge practice, (nmst of the time in the rain), and preparations were madi 
for the move to the front. 

In the middle of August, the hattery le 
invariaMy the only meai s i f inloimation, 

Toul Sector. 

In the little railway station at the Can 
the loading of the entire reginieiU at tliis \ 
to neighboring villages to load, and it fell 
the city of Besancon. .Arising at o A. M. i 
fed and harnessed, breakfast served, and the 
con, arriving there in the evening of the ne 
ment, and both officers and men hatl not >et 
of getting along with the minimum amount of baggage, so eveiy wagon was overloaded, 
and each man found himself carrying a pack which grew heavier with each hour's march. 
Upon arrival in Besancon, the Batttay loaded upon trains and started on the journey 
of about 165 miles to the Toul Sectoi-. ( )rders were given that the battery must be pre- 
pared to detrain in 15 minutes, as its destination would b(> within range of the German 
guns. There were enough 1 ox cnrs to give each num siidieient room, and the realiza- 
tion that the long drudgery of the training se:ison was over, in spile of wliMt fresh hard- 
ships were in the future, kept the men in good spirits. A day ami half of ir:iveling took 
the various units of the regiment through the city of Toiil to the small village of Pagny 
sur Meuse, a short distance beyond, wher(> we unloaded and marched a short distance 
to the village of Foug, where we spent the night and next day. Here and in Toul we saw 
the eflfects of the German air raids. Two days were spent at the village of Foug. 

On the evening of the 2.")tli of August the regiment stalled for its position at the front. 
This night march will long 1 e n nu nilcred by us all. As we a|iproached the front . we could 
see in the distance the signal liglits :ind rockets which were a marked feature of night 
war-fare, and the sheet lightniig flasli of artillery. Just about dawn the regiment passed 
through the deserted village of Bouci| and passed about a mile farther on into a large 
timi (■!■ known ::s the Bouc(| Woods. There was much difficulty and confusion in getting 
the heavy gmis and wagons off the load and into the timber and concealment. A couple 
of hours were consumed in this operation. It was our first experience at concealment 
and camouflage, and we often smiled as we thought of it in the days that followed, when, 
after a little experience, we were able to move the regiment into a piece of timber and 
conceal it in about 15 mintitcs' time. 

Preparations were being matle for tlie reduction of the St. Alihiel salitait . ( leii. Pershing 
for a long time, had been planning this as our first great American drive. The Marne 
salient had just been reduced, and nearly all the American Divisions and a tew French 
Divisions, or approximately 600,000 troops were used in this drive. While otu- regiment 
was in training on the artillerj^ range in July, the Infantry of the 33rd Division had been 
sent up to the front. Our brigade was never again with our Infantry. Upon otu- arrival 
at the front, we became the artillery support of the 89th Division. Upon the relief of 
the 89th Division by the 1st Division on August 2Sth, our regiment was assigned to the 
1st Division, and supported the Infantry of this Division during the battle which followed. 

At this point. Xo ]\Ian's Land was over 1000 yards in width. On the German side 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



rose the high Ijare hill known as ]Mont See, whieh was strongl}- fortified. The French 
lost in the neighborhood of 30,000 troops trying to take this hill in the early part of the 
war and were confident that we could not take it. A laige amount of our artillery was 
brought into this sector, also air craft, tanks, and ambulances. Field Hospitals were 
located, and even small railways built to carry I lie artillery ammunition up to us from 
the rear. Records show that 90,000 tons of annnunitiun were used in this drive. The 
entire operation was planned to be a surprise to the (Icrnians, so all of the wnrk and the 
movement of troops had to be done at night. 

After a stay of 5 days in the Boucq Woods, we iii(>\-e(l fdiwai-d about 3 miles into another 
more extensive woods, known as the Forest de la Heine of which the Boucq woods wore 
really a part. Here nearly two weeks were spent in preparation for the drive. Many 
nights were spent in digging the pits in which the guns were placed and concealed. Dug- 
outs were made near the gun positions and all available wagons and caissons were used 
in hauling ammunition from a large ammunition dump in the rear of these gun positions. 
The men worked hard but cheerfully these nights, often in rain, and slept day times. 
In the day time, all horses and wagons were concealed in the thick timber. Every morning 
fresh brush was cut and scattered over the roads to hide the track the wagons had made 
during the night. If the men did any washing of clothing during the day, the garments 
liail t<i be hung well under the bushes. The bugler was kept posted at all times where 
he could ()bsei\c the ajiproach of an enemy plane and send the warning note on his bugle, 
at which any who might be moving in the open, immediatelj^ sought concealment. Ab- 
solutely no lights of any kind were allowed at night. Motor trucks and motorcycles 
traveled over strange roads on the darkest nights without any lights, and in the day times 
the fire ne«^ssav>' lor cooking was handled in such a way as to cause as little smoke as 
possible. 

Of considerable importance were the prepai'ations for gas defense. Every man wore 
his gas mask slung over his shoulder while working, and slept with it beside his head. 
Gas masks for horses were kept fastened to their halters at all times. Every dugout 
had a gas proof curtain at its entrance. During these preparations, we received the in- 
formation that the Oeimans were gathering material for a gas attack on our immediate 
front, but our offensive was launched before this gas attack came off. Troops continued 
every night to come into this sector by thousands, also nian>- artillery units. The Germans 
suspected thai some kind of operation was in progress on our side, as we learned from pris- 
oners later, but they did not imagine that it was to be on such an immense scale. A 
German patrol captured one night gave us the information that the Germans were moving 
ti'oo]is fi-om the Marne sector to this sector. Their artillei->' fii-ed oct'asionally on our lines. 
On t he e\-ening of September 5th, Archie Latourette, of F>at t cry ( " was killed by a German 
shell while working at the gun jiositions. Also Sergeant Monacelli and Private Blair 
were seveivly wounded and S(M-g(>ant Ellis Nelson slightly wounded by shell fire. A Ger- 
man shell st liking iiL a pile of oui' anununition, burned up 1800 powder charges and wounded 
fince men in I) Hatterw one of whom afterward died. 

ted. At 1 A. M. every gun 
s, an<l continued firing until 
e lop and crossed No-Man"s- 
complete surprise. Our In- 
d deserted after the artillery 
. .\ll through that day and 
e our Infantrv, our Artillerv 



On the morn 


ing of Sepi 


1 ember 12th, 1918 the d 


rive stai 


on the America. 


, snl,. opei 


led tire on the German 


trenche 


five o',-lock in tli 


e moiiiing, 


when the Infantry wen 


t over th 


Land, preceded 1 


i\- a miml 


ler of tanks. The atta^ 


.•k was a 


fantry found tlie 


('.eiiiian 1 


irst line trenches swejit 


clean an 


l)arrage, and the 


loi'nii<l:il>l 


e delenses of Mont Sec 


in ruins 


the day followin 


g. the Ger 


mans continued to ret n 


■at bet or 



i\- liV 


a nillintilKi 


in-a.iic In la 


li, (iiir Iiit:iiitr>- ail 


\'a 


if llM" 


ciitiatiriiiri 


il thai (.111- \n 


■aw ailiUcvv was 


HI 


tillcry 


, hdwcvcr, 
tic. \vr ha.l 


advaiKvil el, 
iva.-lir,|,,iir, 


■veil kiliiinctci-s. ' 
iliji'cti\c. 2(1011 pi 


Dl 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY. ILLINOIS 

pivpaiiiiii the advance of the liitaiitiy l.y a nillin- l.anaiiv. In fad, ..iir Infanti y aavanrcl 
so rapuUy .luiino- the latter par 
to keep up with it. The lishl 
evening of this, the second da> >> 
and 150 cannons had been taken. 

At this time it was planiieil that the Isl I^ivision with the artiUeiy that had sii|ip(iiieil 
it should go a short distance to the rear for a period of rest. Bvit just as we were aliuut 
to start, we received orders to march west\vard to the Argonne sector to take part in another 
offensive which was being planned at that point. This jonrney required six nights of 
marching, and sleeping day times under the cover of woods. Our first stop was in a small 
piece of timber near Gironville. As we left these woods ami were proeeecUng up a long 
hill about two miles distant, (lerman planes came over and droppi'd a number of bombs 
on the woods we had jnst left, believing us to still be there. The remainder of the trip 
was uneventful. Our luincipal camping places were in the \ieiiuty of Koeur, Pierrefitte, 
Beauzee, and \\'ally, arriving in heavy woods near Parois Sept. 24th. The gims went 
into position in the Forest de Hesse, which was a short distance in a,d\-anee. Here we 
were assigned to the 91st Division. The same elaborate preparations weic made here 
as for the drive at St. :\Iihiel. ITi American Divisions occupied the front line through 
the Argonne Forest and to the east as far as the Meuse River. West of the Argonne 
was the 4th French Aiiiiy, which was to operate in conjunction with the American forces. 
On the German side wiac 21 divisions in line and ]'■> divisions in reser\i'. 

The drive started on Sept. 2Gth. During our sta>- in the Parois woods we were slielled 
frequently by the Germans, but as these woods h.ad been occupied some tiin<' before by 
a detachment of French troops, there were a number of dugouts in th<' vicinity which 
afforded us protection. At 3 o'clock in the morning of Septeml)er 2Gth, the artillery 
opened up with a barrage which was the starting of an offensive which was to continue 
through October and the first part of November. In fact, it was this liattle that caused 
the Kaiser to ask for an armistice. For three days and nights our batteries fired <-ontiini- 
ously on the German positions. Here C Battery lost one man, Pii\ate Herman, and two 
others were wounded. Privates Kokas and Burns, 

The artillery fire was directed by aeroplanes and balloons. There were from two to 
ten balloons in the air all the time, that is, during the day light hours. The observers 
had either telephones or wireless communication with the batteries, and reported the 
result of every shell to the battery conmiander. The woik of the balloon observer was 
extremely hazardous, as the balloons were easy prey to German aeroplanes, as frequently 
daring German aviators would slip across the line and attack the balloon, firing incendiary 
bullets from their machine guns into the balloons and causing them to almost instantly 
burst into fiame. On the ground underneath each balloon a number of machine guns 
were kept always in position to defend the balloon, and a number of men were kept con- 
stantly on the watch for German planes. The balloon observer's whole attention was 
reiimred in watching the effects of each shell of the artillery of the battery he was direct- 
ing and coukl not watch for German planes, so, on receiving warning from the ground 
that an enemy plane was approaching, he immediately dropped his instruments and 
leaped overboard with his parachute, which was always fastened to him. Several of these 
balloons burned within sight of our position. In every instance the observer escaped with 
his life, except one, where the burning balloon fell on the descending parachute, igniting 
it and causing the observer to drop to his death. The air was full of aeroplanes, and as 
many as 48 were counted at one time. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



On the night of the 28th, we moved forward alioiit seven kilometers to a point known 
as the Cheppy Cross Roads which was in the open country just at the right of the Argonne 
Forest. The roads were in terrible condition as the result of constant shelling and much 
repairing had to be done before the heavy guns could lie ni(>\'cd over them. Every village 
was in total ruins. The fields here were dotted with shell holes ami the trees in the timber 
were broken and torn by shell fire. This brought us up to the famous Hindenburg line 
from which our drive of the two days preceding had driven the Germans back towards 
the north. Great mas.ses of liarb wire entanglements were encountered all along this 
old Ilindciilicrg line. The figlit grew more sevei'c evci->- day. The Germans knew every 
inch of this ground and cotUd compute accurately the range to any point they wished 
to fire on with tlieii' long range artillery. 

This Hiiidciil.i'rg line was a wonderful piece of work with its mas.ses of barl) wire en- 
tangU nicnts, its well liuilt dugouts 20 to 40 feet under ground, and so constructed that 
our heaviest |)i'ojectiles would not penetrate to them. The machine gun nests were 
Iniilt of solid concrete, and, while placed in commanding positions, w-ere so well concealed 
that they were not discovered until a person walked right on to them. The drive did not 
progress as rapidly as expected. While the first of the attack took the Germans by sur- 
prise, they riuickly recovered and made strong counter attacks. The Argonne Forest 
itself was full ( f hills, I'a vines and thickets, all of which were well fortified, and from which 
it was hard lo dislodge the enemy. Several times our artillery succeeded in driving the 
Germans out of a position in the woods and oui' Inf,-mtr>' would inov(> foi'ward and tak(> 
possession of it, only to l.e di'ivi'n l.-ick hy ( lei'nian Harrages and Infantry counter attacks. 
This continued for s('\cial (la.\s. 

The 37th Divisi.m was on our right and the 3:)th Division on our left. The Germans 
launched an attack one cx-cning just at dusk which drove the o7th and 35th Divisions 
back nearly a nnic, leaving the 01st Division, which wc were still attached to, projecting 
over a mile into the encni^- line. So aliout 11 P. M. we found ourselves with the enemy 
on our right and left as well as front, and in inuninent danger of being cut off in the rear. 
On our left, a deep ravine led down to our rear, and down this ravine in the darkness the 
Germans sent an entire Division of Infantry, which, had it reached us, would have meant 
the certain captuic of our guns. Our regimental headquarters became aware of this 
situation in time to telephone to some French Hattei'ies for assistance. A timely barrage 
directed in this ravine caught the German Division and forced them to retreat. On our 
right the Germans did not see their advantage luilil day break, at which time our Divi- 
sion Commander also saw his danger and retired on a line with the Divisions on our right 
and left. 

On the 7th of October, the 91st Division was relieved by the 32nd Division. Our 
latteries, however, ivinaineil in position and became \\\c artilleiy support of the 32nd 
Division. The drive was renewed with bett<'r success. 

Three days the battery remainetl at this point and then nio\-ed forward again to the 
\'alley lunning iiorthwaid from the little village of \'ery to l'>piiionville, known to us 
as Hell's \alley. This valley was constantly under shell hre from the German batteries. 
Here the guns of the battery were piactically in the open. In fact, during the remainder 
of our stay at the front, little, if any attein]it was made lo conceal the guns or the horse 
eschelon from obser\ation. During the time the Germans occupied this valley, they had 

built a very g 1 plank i-oad which van the length of the valley for the use of their heavy 

motor truck li.ains. It became necessary to ]3lace the guns of the battery near this road, 
and as the Germiuis knew the exact location of this road on the map, the batterv was 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



sulijcctcd to fl-(MiU("iit ail' 


d S.'VC 


cldsc to tlic iiuiis into wli: 


irh the 


the vnllcy the lil-olllld fosc 


rap.dl 


from the liiiiis, that the 1 


loys of 


off ,hity. Urvr al>ow,.n 


• the d 


a slu.rt (listaiHv down th 


,. valh 


Battalion (oinmandrrs 1, 


ad thr 


lines connected each of t 


hcse p. 


organizations on our riiili 


t an.l 


an eschelon on the icvcix 


. slop,. 


severely, as it is hard to 




or at least lie Hat on th. 


• i^roui 


horses. .■siHM'iallv when f 


ri-ht,a 


to sl„.ll fir,'. 




In spite of reports in 


Aineri 


had the h.'st of thr air. ai 


■1,1 on , 


Valley an.l seveivly Ihhu 


l.e.l th 


(luent oi'i-urrence. Twii'i' 


w,' >: 



e artill,.ry fiiv. Th,' ni.ai alway> ,lu,>i shall, .w tnan-lu'S 
,■ ,.,ml,i ,lr,.p t,. av,,i,l th,' sh.'lls. On th,' w,.sl,a-n si,le ,:if 
,• t,i a hi.iih riiltie. anil it was on this sl,ipi'. a shoU ,listance 

the hattery ina,le th,' ,lu,ii:,,nts m whi,-h ih,'y sh^pt when 
i-,.uts in whi.'h th,. t,.l,.ph,.n<. statu.n was pla,-..,l, while 
V l,.war,ls Wry. in lai-,.r ,lu.u:,.ut<. th,. l!,.-ini<.ntal an,l 

r p,,sts ,.f (',)ininaiiil. A |.<iin|)l,.t,. sysl,.ni ,)f t,.l,. phone 
.sts ,>f ,.onnnand with th,' liatl,.ri,.s as w,.ll as the otlier 
I, .ft. All ,)f Ih,. h,)rsi's ,)f th,. leiiinu.nt weiv iii-,)nped in 
,,f th,. hill just ,.a<t ,.f H,.irs Vall,.y. Th,' hors,.s suffered 
h,.rs,.> fr,,ni slallfiiv. Wh,.r,. ni,.n ,.anjuiiip into trenches 
,1 an,l thus av,.i,l th,. tlyiii,^ i.i,.,.,.s fn.m hurslinii shells, 
,.,1. always r,.inain stainliiiti. thus iir,.i\-inti (.asy victims 

•an n,.wsp:ip,.is t,) th,. ,.onl rar>-. th,' (ierniaii a,.r<)planes 
n," ,.c,.asi,.n six ( ;,.rnian plaii<.s sw,.,.p<.,l ,l,,wn ,,v,.r Hell's 
.,1 th,. ,luo:,)uis wh,.i,. the ni,.n sl,.pt. Air hatth's w,.re a fre- 
ruKiii plaii(.s lirousiht ilown in flani(.s an,l a third 
one was ilii\|.|i ,l,iwn liLiht ii<.ar ,iur p,)siti,in. 

On th,. ni,.rninii ,.f 0,.t,ilH.r tth. H,.rac,. Ortt was kill,.,l l,y a hi-h ,.xpl,.siv<. sh,.ll while 

Corporal Alix'rt Lewis. (■,)rp,)ral Ij'tiia- ami Privat,' Hoitiahan w,'!,. w,iun,l<.<l ilurmti 
this engagement . 

The American forces continu,',! to ,lri\-e th,. (.n,.my t,iwar,ls th,' ii,>rth in spit,. ,if the 

of the Arti,.niu.. X,.arly ,.v,.ry ,lay lai-,. l.,.,li,.s ,,f (";,.rman prison, .rs w,.r,. mairh,.,! l.a,.k 
to the rear umler guard of a few Infantry men, also many w,iuial,.il. li,)th ( ;,.rman an,l 
Ani,.ri,.an. were brought back from the front line in ambulanc's to th,. tii'M h,)spitals 
ii(.ar \'(.ry. The Germans were finally driven into the open ciuniiy ii,,rth ,if th,. .Vrgonne. 
This was ,)ni. ,)f the main ol)j,'cts of this oftVnsiv,.. for w,. kn,w that on,',, th,' ( lermans 
w,'r,. ilriv,'!! fr,iin the for(.st into th,. <i|),.ii ,.,>untiy t,) th,. north. w(. w,>uld have a great 
advantage, for the American army was better trained in open warfare methods than 
either the Germans or the French. From now on the Germans retreated rapidly to the 
north and northeast, although putting up an admirable defense with their machine guns. 
On 0,.t,,l.,.r 12tli, our leginu'iit. t,)g,.th,.r with th,- 12'2n<l an,l 124th artillery reginu.nts 
were reli(.v,.,l by ,)ther artill,.ry l■,.,^inlents aii,l <>r,Ler,',l t,> mar,.h a short distance to the 
rear for r,'st and re-equipment. We started in the evening, liut owing to the fact that 
our regiment had lost nearly half of its horses, nearly all that night was consumed in get- 
ting the guns, cais.sons and wagons out of the valley. We did not reach our destination 
until 3 o'clock th,' next aft,.rmion. We stoi)p,.,l ih,'ii f,ir two ,lays at this pla,','. which 
was near Btimhasle. Tlii' iit.xt ilay's march took us to Vill,. siir Cmsance. In this vil- 
lage were good wooden barracks and stafiles for the horses. Here our regiment received 
orders that, owing to the shortage of horses, we would turn our horses over to the 122nd 
and 124th regiments, and jiroceed to Doulaincourt where we would be equiiipcd with 

signed. 

After two weeks rest, our regiment inarched to Souilly an,l w(.r,' transported by rail- 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



road fi-( 


>ni 


iIk 


It pi 


iiiiit t 


" Mgiioiy wher 


e we deti-tiiiicd, 


steep h 


ills, 


l( 




n kil, 


imcters, an 


■ived at Doulaiiicou 


his hviu 


l.|U 


;ii-| 


crs ; 


:,i,.l 11 


ic icniment 


was 


qiiai-tei-ed with 


which wn, 


■ s 


tnti, 


lIH'd i 


II the viUai; 


;c of 


Saucuuit alioii 


rcpticm; 


:.lly 


V 


rcti; 


V hit] 


r villages.' 


Til 


(■ tfOOpS WCIT 


village!- 


S W( 


i're 


exc( 


:'ption 


ally friendh 


■,so 


that the stay tin 



iter a hard inarch, mostly up 
■re Colonel Davis estabhshed 
reception of batteries C and D 
miles iiiirth. These were ex- 
rlably billeted here, and the 
lie uf the plcasaiitest memories 

of France. On our arrival, the regiment learned definitely for the hist time that the 

■war seemingly was Hearing an end. 

Wlien the aniiislice was signed Novemlier lltli, the i'. giment joined with the villagers 

In the lattei- part (if October, 1918, after the reluiii rioni the front, Captain Selover 
was transferred in the Third Battalion and became its .VdjiUant. His place was taken 
by Captain Vii-tur Franklin who commanded the battt'iy tintil abniit December 1st when 
he was sent as an instiiictor to the artillery school at \':ililal!(iii. After this. Lieutenant 
H. H. Berg, the seniiu- 1st Lieutenant of the battery was in command until it was mastered 
out at Camp (bant. 

In s])ite (if the fact that the war was over, the regiment received motor eciuipment, 
antl connnenced a course of training to acquaint the men with the care and handling of 
heavy tractors and motor equipment. The forenoon of each day was devoted to drilling, 
and the afternoons were devoted to athletic sports for the benefit of the men. Baseball, 
basket ball, volley ball and football teams were oi-ganized in each batteiy, the equipment 
furnished li>- the Y. M. ( ', A. A series of games inv championship in each of these sports 
was played during the two months stay at Doulaincourt , 

On the 26th of December, we bade farewell to the many friends we had made in jileasant 
httle Doulaincourt and Saucom-t, and were transportetl by motor truck trains to Stenay 
where we rejoined our Brigade. 

Stenay was a veiy interesting city, although deserted by its French inhabitants. The 
city had been in the hands of the Germans throughout, the war, and the Crown Prince 
had made his headquarters in a large chateau. The large I^rench barracks where we 
were quartered during mu- stay here had been usetl by the tu'rmans for a rest camp. All 
along the idads were huge piles of German artillery ammunition and hand grenades and 
the fields all along the .Meuse River were dotted with shell holes. 

Leaving Stenay on .lanuary 7th, the regiment was again transported by motor truck 
trains to Luxemburg where we rejoined the o3rd Division for the first time since arriving 
in France. The trip to Luxemburg took us over the southern portion of Belgium. In 
Luxemburg, C Battery was billeted for the winter in the little town of Lorentzweiler, 
about six miles north of the city of Luxemburg, in the lieautiful valley made famous by 
George Barr McCutcheon's books, (b-austark and Castle Craneycrow. The Luxem- 
burgers recei\-ed the Americans well, and since leaves of ab.sence were made much more 
liberal from the beginning of 1919, trips to Nice, Aix la Hains, Paris and other leave centers 
helped the time to pass more swiftly. In spite of the fact that most of the war time hard- 
ships were over and living conditions were excellent, however, it was difficult to wait 
for the ordeis to start for home that the men knew would come sooner or later. On April 
22, 1919, Secretary of \\'ar Baker and General Pershing inspected the Division and bade 
it goodli>-e. 

Finally the anxiously awaited orders came, and on the 29tli of Ajiril, 1919, the regi- 
ment entrained for its last ride in box cars. This trij), whicli took the different trains 
an average of about live days (o Brest, France, was comfortable, transport being much 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNT Y, ILLINOIS V^ 

]v\\vr (u-anizcd than durinii llic war-linic strain <>u the f.-Uni- st.i.-k nf ili,. Fivnch I'ail- 
xvays. We amvc.l at Bivst May 2n(l. 

At Rivst, the liattrry was ..MinpiM.l with new <'l.,thin-. an.l un .May ITith. ih,w mil.ark.'.l 
(.11 the r. S. S. AiiKTica, whirh -fan.rd ..ul (if the harlM.r at 7 d'clock on the lnll,,wini^ 
inoiiiing for the long anticiiiatcil nip to Aniciica, airixinn in llohnkcn Ahi\- iMlh. trans- 
ported by ferry to Bnidklyn, tlien l.y h:icci ric t(. Camp Mills, l.on- Island. 

As the steamship .Anicrica canic iiHo the liarhdr, we were cnl linsiasi ically welcdined 
liy a reception committee (if Illindis nun kd li>- tiovenior I.dwdeii, wIki. on a small ex- 
cursion boat came out to meet the .\m( rica. 

We remained at Camp :\Iills nine days. .\!eml ers of the battery wlmsc hdincs were 
in other states were detached and sent to camis in these states for deiiidbilizat ion. The 
remainder of the battery entrained mi June ord for Camp (bant. .Vrnvinii; in ( 'hicaiio 
on June oth, the 123rd regiment, tdiiether with the other oriianizations of the .'Sth arti'- 
lery brigade, detrained and mardieil up Miclnti.an .Avenue to Crant I'aik, There the 
relatives who lived in Chicago, or wIkj hail come to that cit>- to ,iireet tlie soldiers, were 
admitted to the park. The cit.y gave the returning soldiers an eiii husiast ic rei-e])tion. 
About two hours reunion with their relatives, and the regiment re-lormed and niarehe(l 
through the loo]! district and c(,ncluded their maivh at various hotels where dinner had 
been prepared for tin m. \\ \ ::'A) in the afternoon the regiment again enti-ained for ( 'amp 
Crant arriving there at 7:30 in tlie evening. 

The machinery of mustering out the men was ,at once put in motion, and li>- evening 
of .bine 7th, all the men of Battery C had received their discharge. barly the next nuirning 
automobiles from their home city ca.me to Camp Crant to take the men home, a.nd they 

arrived in Dixon about 3 o'clock in the aftern i. After more than two years of hard 

service, the men of Battery ( ' were once more back home. Tlie>- were gncii a ver>' warm 
welcome by the people of Dixon. Word was sent ahead that they were Hearing the city 
and all the home folks were ready to greet them. Dinner was in icadiiuss for them at 
the Elks Club immediately upon their arrival. On .bine 12tli, the city declared a holi- 
day and gave a reception day for the retiuned soldiers, and no time or expc use was spared 
in showing the soldiers that heir work was api)reciated and that tlie people were glad 
for their return. A beautiful arch had been erected on the corner of Second Street and 
Galena Avenue as a welcome lame to the returned soldiers of Dixon and a tribute to those 
who would not return. 

During its participation in the two major offensives which brought the war to a close. 
Battery C made a record of which it.s members may well feel proud. Its guns were always 
handled with skill and efficiency. On one occasion, in the Argonne dri\-e, when necessity 
ddiianded very rapid fire from all the guns of the regiment, Battery C went on record as 
having fired the greatest number of iiroje('tiles in a given period of aii>- of the batteries 
of the regiment. 

To the men of the battery much credit is due for their courage and valor in action 
and their constant devotion to dutx' at all times often under \-erv adverse conditions. 



CHAPTER XXIX 

East Grove Township 

By Homer W. Paksoxs 

When the word was received that war had liccii dcrlarcd we at once placed a fias on 
our garden gate, and it was still there when peace was declared, at least the staff was. 
It was a war garden. Our first help in war work activit ies was in .selling Reil ( 'idss ( 'lirist- 
nias seals, 1017. 1^- the aid of five of our efficient teachers in the townshi]) we sold 1100 
seals. On November !) and 10 over 1(10 ladies rcKisteivd f,,r Illinois \V. ( ', ( '. X. D. 

Tlie Red Cross inenil.ership drive for lOlS was next in order, 24 fanulies had the honor 
of having the 100 pei' cent service flag in their windows. 

With a total of 170 members W. C. C. N. D. work began in earnest with about twentj^ 
ladies who met every two weeks at the different homes where sweaters, helmets, socks, 
mitts, caps and scarfs were knitted for the soldier lioys. Those who did not knit made 
hospital garments. About rY2 articles were sent in from tliis unit, also over 100 warm 
knitted garments weiv made. The consei'vation lunches seived at these meetings were 
heartily enjoyed by these |)atriotic ladies. 

There was no one, as far as we can learn, wIk) took any lionds of the first issue. The 
second loan, of which .lames Dunn, had charge, raised about S13,S(W. 

In Mandi 191S, the Dixon W. C. C. X. D. asked help for their Allied Relief bazaar. 
Mrs. ,Ioe Meurer and Airs, .lanu's AIcBride were most successful in collecting many useful 
and valuable donations ihat they took to Dixon. The ladies in this vicinity served a 
chicken pie supper which netted the nice sum of $78 to help the good cause. 

The Third Liberty loan was launched in April. Homer Parsons, Ralph Hanson and 
B. B. Friel were appointed chairman of Kast Orove, and they in turn appointed a conunit- 
tee of three in each school district. The chairmen of these weic .hie ( 'oiiderman, George 
P. Meyer, O. B. Rogers, Harry Willstead, Henry Smith, M. Dulcn, ( leorge Meurer, and 
Homer Parsons had charge of District Xo. nO. WV secuivd our cpiota, of ?12„5riO and 
secured a lovely service flag for our township, which is always on display at all public 
gatherings, lectures and elections. 

Xext we were a.sked to give tu the American Ited ( ' 
Inr the Local Red Cro.ss ch.-ipl<>r. .S7(i(l was sent in 

The War Saving Stamp was next, and the pat 
SG4S in interest bearing sl.amps. 

The F.iurth Liberty loan was nearly doubled bu 
.128,400. 

The United War W.iik IuikI was .subscribed to the amount of $824. 

In October the Ladies gave a chicken .supper, the proceeds being for an ,,rphan child 
of France, the adopt inn of a little girl was asked. Thirty-seven dollars was rai.sed. 

Nineteen hundred and nineteen Red Cross subscriptions came to 82:54. Ten of these 
were magazine subsciiplions. 



le-halftobeused 


in Lee ( '<iunt; 


is call. 




people resjionded 


by investin 


ame verv near o 


ui' ([Uota wit 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Financial Record 

Second Liberty Loan . SlH.SOO.Od lied Cross inenil)crsliip SITO.OO 

Third Liberty loan . . I'i.ri.'iO.Od Itcd Cross and War Itdici' 7(l(l.()() 

Fonrth Liberty loan •2S,4(K).(1() lied Cross Xnias Seals, 1917 11.00 

War Savins Stamps . . G4S.00 Allied Relief Bazaar . TS.OO 



Adopted (_)rphan . . :57.00 

W.C.C.N.D. Registration fees 9.90 
United War Work . . 824.50 
Red Cross Snbscp't. 1918 234.00 

82,124.40 



CHAPTER XXX 

Hamilton Township 

KyH.C. Kkkiwix 

By (lirccfioii (if tlio State Ciiuiieil of Uffense Xeighborhood Committee, through the 
Lee County ( liairman, John P. Devine, Joseph Bauer, John Foss and H. G. Keigwin 
were aijpoiiited as a eommittee to represent Hamihon in its various activities of war work. 

This committee met at the town hall and selected the followino; jiersons to aid them 
as school district committeemen from the following districts: 

Keigwin School — W. E. Sanders. J. L Clark, H. G. Keijiwin. 

Pope School -S. G. Pojie. Jacoli Dodlei', Gus Kranov. 

Merchant School --W. \V. ImIsoii, M. H. Powers, Edwin Man. 

Cliaiipel School— Joseph Foley. John Wells, Lisle Kisdon. 

Hauir School — Joseph Miller. Henry Johnson, George Hermes. 

In the winter of 1918 thcM'e was added a finance committee to each township and jiroved 
to be a great helji in tlie \:ni(ius dri^•^s for loans and wai' relief woik. The connnittee 
that represented Hannlton was .losepli Bauer, John Foss and H. G. Keigw;;.. 

The Woman's Committee Council of Defense also needs favorable mention. Mrs. 
H. G. Keigwin as township chairman was ably seconded in relief and other agencies by 
Mi's. Rachel Johnson who is second to none as a Liberty loan salesman and securing member- 
ship for Hed ('loss. Mis. .loseph Bauer's and Mrs. Frank Keigwin's work made Child's 
Welfare day a success and Mrs. SnadiT, who volunteereil her services for the occasion, 
should not be passed liy uniuitired. 

Liberty Loans 

The only known suljscrilier to the Plrst l(«in was James R. Keigwin who jiurchased 
a S;-0 bond'. 

The town of Hamilton is a rin-al community exclusively. Sixty-five per cent of the 
land is owned by non-residents who are usually real estate speculators, renting their farms 
for one year only. As a result the tenants are often new and their first attempt to farm 
foi' th( inselves, and tlu'y are not in a position to be very extensive purchasers of bonds. 

Second Loan 

Li the aulunin of 1917 the Second loan was |)ul on the market. With notes, mort- 
gages and interest coining due Hamilton's peojjle, in some localities, felt that the banks 
should take this as they did the First loan and leave those whose personal obligations 
were heavy alone. The result was that though Chairman Bauer, H. G. Keigwin, A. W. 
Butterfield and W. E. Hopkins, assisted by a loan meeting in connection with the Keig- 
win husking bee, made a house to house canvass selling far short of the (luota. 

Third Loan 

ICC coininitte(> was in operation. ^Liiiy had been called to the 
iglit nearer home as a result. Each daily and weekly paper 
nal campaign assisted by great posters which demonstrated 
could furnish the war was blood. The cheapest was money. 
162 



.\ 


pril 




S tli( 


■ I 




Tli( 


■ w 


ar w; 


IS 


:l 


\-ig 
de; 


oro 
ire;- 


us e( 
(t thi. 


1U( 

nu' 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



pcnkrrs DrvilH' 


, Ivhva 


rds, 


h a 111. .St ciitliu 


siastic 


r(»s- 


ic ivsidciits wcr 


r all ni 


lal. 


i\- SCiIKU) a.lilini 


lal l.vc 


arh 



ami Warner and a Dixnn (Hiartd fniin tlir Klks clul. ni 
ponse from the best attended meeting in Lee ('(ninl>- \vl 
As a result the $14,000 quota for Hamilton was raisi'd wit 
district's committee working their i-espective triritor}-. 

Fourth Loan 

In September 1918 the finance (■(niniiitifc was notified that the town's .|U(.ta of 828,200 
must be met and all district comniittrcs tiathcrcd at the hall to fdinmlatc plans ai-cordingly. 
It was decided that Supervisor leaner make ai'rangements f(ii- a patiiotie meeting to lie 
held in the hall whirh was .k.nr in early Octiil.er. \V. H. Winn, .h.lin 1'.. Cralitivi- and 
\V. E. Wingert pressed home the tact that all wnuld be knnwii by what lliry gave t.i back 
up the boys over there. The slacker was the une wlm stiMve tn ser Imw iiiui'h lie cnuld 
get out of the war and how little he could givi'. 

At a meeting of the committee a finota was allntted tn each and diivctions made to 
make it of a viihintcer nature by each guing tn thiar varinus scIhkiIs and subscribe the 
quota assigned whii'h was largely dune in a single day. 

Red Cross 

At the opening of llie war a lied ('i-oss auxiliary was (irgaiuzed in Walnut, Bureau 
County, 111. This is the community center uf the s.iuth half .if Ilaniill.iii. This iv.sult.Ml 

ing contributions of horses, colts, calves, pigs, grain and cash to help carry on. In r.'turn 
every soldier in this zone when called received a sweater, helmet and other comforts ma.le 
by loving hands at home. These associations were hard to break when the drive for meinl ler- 
ship was ma.l.' in the winter .if 1017 an.l lOlS un.l.a- .■harge .if W. W. K.ls.ni. Notice 
that our quota was l.'O members met th.' ivspons.' ..f KiO a.lults. One hun.liv.l i)cr.'ent 
banners were conspicuous everyw 1:. re. lliiwc\-.'r,many still remaine.l with Walnut on 
account of facts above mentione.l. 

The drive for relief work an.l lor the laising of sS."i6 in May lOIS was the first real 
call made that demaiul.'.l the tnwn's iidti.'.'. The finaii.'e .■.imniitt.'e, .i.iinlly with the 
district associates, ma.l.' a .|U.ita for .-ai'li s.-hi...l .listrict bas.'.l .m the iiiimber .if families 
each contained. 

The second driv.- for m,'ml..aslii]) in DiMvinber 191S was c.m.lu.'t.Ml l.v .'ai'li s.'h.iol 
teacher and pupils b.'ing a .■.immitt.'.' t.i do th.- w.irk an.l was m.ist .'ffiM't ive. Th.' little 

an.l the a.lult memluTsliip was 21)7. 

Y. M. C. A. and Associates 

During the m.inth .if De.-eiiib.'r. 1017 W. W. H.ls.in. .I.ihii W.'lls, an.l H. (1. Keigwin 
ma.le a house to h.ius.^ .'aiivass l.ir th.' Y. M. C. A. that t. .tailed n.'arly S2()(). 

In October 191S the various relief .irgaiiizati.ms' iuhmIs weiv iiiiit.'.l int.i one drive 
and the ciuota of each state, county and township made known. Hamilton's ciuota of 
$853 was distributed by the finance committee and the school buildings named as a place 
where payments would be made and Xovemljer 12 saw §904 paid for this noble work. 

■War Stamps 

On .January 1, 1918 war stamps were |)ut on the market and later a r|uota for each 
state, county antl town mail.' as in l.ians and .Irives. A meeting was liel.l at the Pope 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



School in June to explain the nature and necessitj' for this feature of work where Rev. 
A. B. Whitcombe, and Judge Ci'abtree made vigorous appeals to all to back up the boys 
to the limit. The solicitors made a visit to each home and in a few days reported a good 
sum. 

Registration 

In May, 1917, Supcrvisdr 15aucr, John Toss, and H. (". Keigwin were notified they 
were to act as officials to register those fruni 21 to 30 tor the draft on June .5, 1917. In- 
cluding those registered on Sept. 12, 191S, there were in all 11.5 registered. From this 



numlser 18 wei 



dm 




XiCHOL.\s A. KxAPP — Called in Ajiril to Camp Grant, was soon 
ti'aiisferred to Camp Funston when he was assigned to Co. C, 353d Inf. 
lie was sent to France in June where the organization was soon sent to 
the front battling continually in the St. Mihiel and Argonne contest and 
in the latter place "Nick" was killed Oct. 25, 1918 being the only casualty 
that is repoited to H;imilt(in. Nick was town clei'k and most efficient 
ill the capacity-, being a tine pemnan. Thus the community lost a splendid 
I'itizeii and (iHicial, the neighl)orhood a friend, his family a noble son and 
Urolher. his coiuitv a bi'ave soldier, but tiicir loss is Heaven's o-ain. 



Ii-ai 


iiinti fur the cmiflict, 


ip. 

put 


(ivcr all the iiuaiiciHl 




, i;. W. Lunii, T. P. 


ilthe 


msli iKjt an official 



CHAPTER XXXI 

Harmon Township 

By CiEORGE Koss 

While our boys were fighting in France ami rccciviiiii tlici 
we, who remained at home, did what we could ln l>ai-k tliciii 

The members of the Finance committee wlio worked hard t< 
drives, were W. H. Kuglcr. chaiiiuan: I'dmer Hess. c,f X-au P 
Lonii, E. .). Watkiiis and Ceo. K. lioss, Miss A,hi Di'wcy, 
mcnibci-, was tireless in llie aid she t^avc the romniitlce. 



The Fiist Fil.crlv l<ian,llie (|U(ita f<ir IIarni.)ii Township hcinii' SliOOO, was taken care 
of by the Ibmnon Bank and a, few .,f its friends, Th.' anidunl suI.s.'mIhmI was S7000. 

At the begmninn of the Second Lilicrt>- lu.an a patriotic mcctini;- was held in Long's 
hall. The use of this hall f.n' all mcctin-s held was donated to the c(,mnuttcv by the owiht, 
Edward F. Long, 

E. J. Mannion pivsided at the meeting, at wliii'h Attorneys Harry Edwards, John 
Devine and A, H. Hannekcn, gave able a<l<lresses. At the close, an opportunity was 
given to all who so desired to sign u]5 for laonds. The ciuota for the township was $39,500. 
Tliis was overscribed by $12,550. This sum was raised by solicitors who made a house 
to house canvass. The committee was assisted by P, H. Kugler, A. A. Conner, E. J. 
Morrisey and A. A. Mekeel. 

Y. M. C. A. Fund Campaign 

The first Y. XL ('. A. drive was not the success that it should have been, as the solic- 
tors, Geo, E. Koss and John Graham, waited in vain until tlie last .lay for the supply of 
buttons, then went out and got $47. Some of the citizens subscribed in other towns, 
as they were unaware that each town was assessed its quota to raise. 

We have been unable to learn how much Harmon contributed to the K. ('. as s<.)lic- 
tors from Harmon, Sterling, and Dixon were here at work. 

Mrs. Joseph McCleary of Dixon came to Harmon and met the ladies of the township 
at the Frank Hettinger home and organized a working auxiliary of the Red Cross. ]\L'S. 
V. Hettinger was chosen president, Miss Mary Gibhn, secretary; and W. H. Kugler, 
treasurer. The ladies met every week at the president's home and made slings, band- 
ages and knit sweaters for the boys; also gave the b<iys a, nice Christmas present. 

The drive for members for 191S was led by Iv .1. Abmnion, ( )ne hundred and eighty- 
three persons became mendiers. 

The drive for funds for the P>ed ( 'ross was conducteil on tlie \'olunteer plan. Misses 
CeHa and Emma O'Brien received the subscriptions at the bank, while Elmer Hess attended 
to those who came to his store at Van Petten. The neat sum of $1207.50 was raised. 
At the close of the drive the ladies of the community served an elaborate banquet in Het- 
tinger and Smallwood's garage, the use of which was kindly donated by the owners. At 
this banquet, W. H. Kugler presided. Patriotic speeches were given by Harry Warner, 
John Devine and John Crabtree of Dixon; Father Thomas Moore of Harmon, and Rev. 



irm WAR HISTO RY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

Thornton of Napervillc A nmsical program, consisting of solos, duets, drills and choruses 
was also given. Ovci siod was added to the fund by the banquet. 

The Harmon scIkkiI. >uidci- the leadership of John Graham, received a United States 
flag for selling more l\rd ( 'russ Christmas seals for the nund)er of pii|)ils ein'ollcd, than 
any other city school in the c(iUMt>". 

Loan on Quota Basis 

The finance committee dccideil to apportion the i\nnX-d for the township, for the Third 
Liberty loan accdidinii' to the school districts and let the directors receive the slUiscrip- 

tioiis. TlK.sr wh.i had thr g I fortune tc, be ,~.ch(M,l dnecturs, and jmuped into the collar, 

were R. W. Long antl John Murray, Alfred Clatworthy and P. F. Talty, A. A. Mekeel, 
assisted by Elmer Hess, Charles Nicklans and J. R. McCormick; George E. Ross assisted 
P. H. Kugler and J. P. Long. John W. Graham, scout master, and the Boy Scouts were 
givi-n the opportunity (if working in this drive. I-dlis Kugler, Douglas ('oiisidin(\ Nelson 
Coiinery and Thdiiias Drew were the l>ii\s who hung on until tlu' slacker came across. 
The amount raised for this loan was .•s24,<t()l). 

War Savings Stamps 

In the sirring of 1918 three rural mail carriers, E. T. McCormick, George E. Ross 
and Joe Sinallwood, under the supervision of Ada Dewey, postmistress, made a house 
to hotisc canvass on their routes, for the sale of war savings stamps. They had fair suc- 
cess but not enough to complete the townshiji quota. Then the finance committee sent 
the directors to work in the school districts. Tliose taking active part were D. T. Hill 
and Will Kranov, R. W. Long and John Murray, ^^'ilb^u■ Gatchel and Charles Nicklaus, 
E. T. McCormick, T. P. Long and Elmer Hess. The value of stamps taken was 818,755, 
being .|1705 more than the township's quota. 

During this drive a rally was held in Long's hall. At the meeting Father Moore, 
with Attorneys Edwards and Hanneken, furnished the oratoiic'al fireworks. 

Fourth Liberty Loan Drive 

At the beginning of the Fourth Liberty loan drive a mass meeting was held in Long's 
hall. Mrs. Will Kranov and Mrs. Gertrude Mclnnery favored the audience with jiat- 
riotic solos. Miss Stella Long gave a reading, while Picv. .1. 15. Keima. Ivlward \'aile 
and Attorney Winn were the speakers. 

The volunteer plan was adopted for the drive, the citizens coming to the Bank at 
Harmon and Hess's store at Van Petten. The subscrii)tions at the liank were taken care 
of by Charles Kent, L H. Perkins, Miss Nelhe Burns, Teresa Jeanquenat, Celia and Emma 
O'Brien. At Van Petten, P. P. Talty and Miss Vera Donahue helped Mr. Hess take 
the subscriptions. The amount received was $42,600.00, being $1450 over the top. 

As the volunteer plan had worked fine in the former drive it was continued at the same 
places for the war activity drive, and was a success, as $1360 was given for this work. 

Two hundred and nineteen persons joined the Red Cross for the year 1919. 

Activities of W. C. C. N. D. 
Mrs. George E. Ross was appointed township chairman of the Woman's Committee 
Comicil of National Defense. She appointed Miss Mary Giblin, secretary, and Mrs. 
R. W. Long, registration officer, Mrs. John Graham, Mrs. Will Kranov, with the secre- 
tary, registrars. Other workers were Mrs. W. H. Kuglers, Mrs. Tom Mannion and Mrs. 
Elmer Hess. On November 9 and 10, 1918, one hundred thirteen women of the township 
came to the village cotmcil room and registered. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



On September 27. Miss PutiilKiiitih was 1 
children in the child wcllniv worlv. liny Park 
was the nearest correct in wci^iii and hriuht. 
Several of the women made (hcsscs inv iln' 1 
A boy's working rescr\(' was foiincd. .loh 
Lund, physician. The Ih.vs wh,. iv.iiistcrcd bcii 
Smith, Franris L,,iiii. .bisrpli C. Ldno. 



uicd and wriiihfd nvcr eighty 
.Mr. and Mrs. Cjiarlcs Parker, 



,art, (\Ut 



i.ni otticcr, Dr. 
Canicrv, Clare 



Thomas P. Garland Makes Supreme Sacrifice 



Thomas P. Garlaxd. ^ 


OH <>l 


l.awivuc,. (iarlaiid. was 


engaged 


in 


farming when his call to a 


nis (■: 


me. lie turned hi- lea-e 


over to 


lis 


father and brothers and \v( 


lit t(i 


Camp Cordon, wlieiv he 


■eeeive.l 


lis 


l)rcliminarv training as a s( 


Idler. 


He went to Fraiire with 


Leroy K. 


lit 


and B. F. Faley. While in 




•e lie had the welfare of 1 


is lather 


111 


mind, as he sent him what 


1I(111C\ 


he sa\ed from his wages. 


ll.. got 


to 


the front and went intd acti 


111. wl 


lere he iia\-e his life for th( 


liee.lom 


of 


the world. He was flic (inl> 


Han 


ion boy who was called to 


pav till', t 


ill 


price. The peopk' of the ( 


(.1111111 


iiily s>nipatliizc with the 


father a 


id 


brothers and sisters in the 


OSS of 


the son and brother. 








CHAPTER XXXII 

Lee Center Township 

By S. L. Shaw 

Anidiii!; the very first of the war activities in Lee Center township was the raising of 
nioiie\- for the "Comfort Fund" that was used to purchase extra supplies for the boys 
at Camp Crant. 

This subscription papei' was circulated by \V. H. Wehmaii, one of the few that wore 
three stars on his service |iin. Piccedin<i- the canipaiitn for the first Y. M. C. A. war fund 
J. Dcr Kinderen addressed a meeting at Lee Center in the interest of the Associations' 
plans for work in the camps and at the front. 

A committee consisting of William S. Frost, Jr.,S. L. Shaw, E. J. Gray, C. H. Henschel, 
S. A. Sandberg, L. A. Bedient, Ned Bedient, Rev. J. D. Kempster, A. B. ]\IcCrea and 
Joseph Nicholson secured $407.49 for this fund. 

Upon the call of the Allied Relief for contributions to a bazaar to be held at Dixon, 
Lee Center citizens respondeil with cash and supplies that were valued at a goodly sum. 
Lee Center township stood near the top in the list of t()\viishi|>s, outside of Dixon, as to 
the value of its contributions. 

Tiiere was not much of an effort made to secure subscriptions to the First Liberty 
loan and there seems to be no record available as to the amount subscribed, if any, to this 
loan. The subscriptions to the Second loan were secured by William S. Frost Jr. and 
W. H. Wellmaii and the amoimt suliscribed was S(i25().llO. 

After the Slate ( "ouncil of Defense completed its organization it was nnich easier to 
carry on the work of securing subscriptions and help for the various war activities. 

The county organizations api)ointed Kyle C. :Miller, William Callahan and S. L. 
Shaw as members of their committee for Lee Center townshij). 

Acting on instructions from the county organization this committee appointed a com- 
mittee foi- each school district, and the success of the work from this time on was largely 
due to the fai t hfiil work of these district committees that township's quotas were subscribed. 

Tiie iollowing constituted the school district ccmnnittees: 
District <)2- William S. ]■ rost , Jr., W. H. Wellman and C. H. Henschel. 
District 93— A. H. Hill, John \-ivian and Joseph Nicholson. 
District 95— Frank Ford, Kn Conibear and Mrs. Hiel Brunson. 
District 96— Clem Miller, Cieorge W. Frost and Orville Tiffany. 
District 97— Julius Bernardin, Fred Biggart and Fred S. Dale. 
District 9S— E. E. Turner, Richard Willey and Amos Leffelman. 
District 99- .loseph Auchstetter, Frank Delhotal and W C. Reinhart . 

A cei-taiii percent of the township's ([Uota was apportioned to each tlistrict and dis- 
trict No. 99 has the recoi'd of raising its (pota every time and reporting before any of the 
other districts. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



The township sulisciibcil 


t(i thr war adivit 


icsaslull.r 


Second Liberty 1.. an 


Sli.'i.-.O.dO 


K,m1 ( 


Third Liberty loan 


21,55U.U0 


War > 


Fourth Liberty loan 


. 47,450.00 


Uintci 


Fifth Liberty loan . 


38,550.00 







. -SI, 140.00 


amps 


IS, Olio 


.00 


ilk lUIK 


1 1,340 


.22 




§134,951 


.22 


or of 1 


nost of tl 


Ik- boys 


nd, SU| 


i|)]yiii,ii- tl 


i(- most 


.. Am 


,,niithcs 


p.'akers 


Lumsd 
Mart 11 


.■n, .hihii 


Erwin, 
, Judge 


thr 1) 


IX.Hl pc,.] 


ilo who 


:'S Clc. 


Ic.ll, I'ldf 


. A. H. 



Tc.tal . 

The pcopl(> of Lee ('enter and viciiiil>' iiiiw recciitions in hcii 
wild went into the service frdiii the tdwiishi)) and tlie neiiiliborlK 
of them with comfort kits. 

There w^re several meetiniis iield in tlie interest of tlic war wor 
that addressed the meetings were: W. B. Brinton, Rev. E. ('. 
J. P. Devine, Harry Edwards, H. C. Warner, Sergeant C'amiibell, 
J. B. Crabtree, A. H. Hann(-ken and .1. Der Kinderen. Anmnti 
assisted with music in makiiiii the meetin.iis a success were; .Ian 
Stoddard and others. 

The Trustees .,f th<' ('(inoivtial i,.iiai chun-h and of the Odd Fcllnws hall were always 

The record of war work fci' bee ('enter townsliip wduld not be coin]>lele without a 
report of the artivities, both the lied ( 'loss and tlie ( 'ouiKal of Nalional Defense receiving 
assistance as calls came. 

Knitting for the Red Cross began in August, 1917, but sewing and the making of surgical 
dressings were not undertaken until the following spring. Rooms in the Congregational 
church in Lee County were nicely fitted tip for their use an<l during the stunmer one after- 
noon a week was devoted to lied ( "loss s<'wing and the making of siirgieal th-essings. Miss 
Eda Sandberg acted as secretary of the auxiliary. 

No accurate record of the knitting was kept by the women save a good account of 
themselves. Four barrels of clothing were collected and shipped for the Belgian Relief. 

Work for the Council of National Defense began with the registration of the women 
in October 1917. :Mrs. S. L. Shaw ariing as ehairman. In :Mareh 191S, a generous dona- 
tion was made to tlie Alli<'d Bazaar held in Dixon, and in ^Nlay, sewing and the making 
of surgical dressings were taken up. (_)ver 3000 surgical dressuigs were made besides 
a g lly number of other aitirles, one afternoon a week being given to the work. 

One ilay was spent in wei<iliing and measuring the babies of the township. 

Mrs. A. F. Jeanblanc was rhairman of the committee for the batheiiess Children of 
Fi-ance and as the result of the work four children have been adopted. 

It is not known that the fuel administration had a represenlal ive in the township. 

The F I administ ration was representeil by S. L. Shaw. 



CHAPTER XXXIII 

History of Marion Township War Activities 

By Hev. C. 1'. (o.xLKY 

The initial attitmlc of Marion township towards the •' winninti' ol' the war" was noraial; 
that is to say, it was an attitmlr tyiiical of the normal American farming community 
that suffers neither fioni hot noi- from cold extremities. The townsmen, neither disting- 
uished themselves for patiiotic endeavor nor made themselves notorious for entire lack 
of it. Without cxi'eijtion, they were reasonably certain of America's entry into the great 
struggle within ten days after Dixon newspapers had first attempted to spread the rather 
important information. But lielligerent headlines were not new and the fresh relations 
they l3ore to home interests produced no sudden, neurotic awakening. There followed, 
indeed, a jiretty general stir of passive patriotism and here and there some evidence of 
the presence of a human ■■ncive" tinghng under the stress of a dangerous irritant. But 
Marion awoke to action slowly for Marion is 100 per cent agricultural. Perhaps when 
the pivsent cycle of '■ ivcnnst I'uction" has passed the farmer will make "panting time 
toil aftci- him m vain" in his readiness to seize a mental concept and to transmit it into 
practice: hut he has not yet outlived a reputation for tempermental tardiness. So just 
natuially Mai'ion seemed to lie lagging, at the start, and the fault was so characteristic 
of fai-ming communities that no journalist, with a trained instinct for the imusual, paid 
any attention to it. 

The first Red Cross drive ])ronipted eight(>en men and women to make an emhryonix 
sacrifice. The First Lilicrty loan came as a "feeler" ami four felt it. Some, crude floating 
machinery was installed to handle the Second loan but still fifty percent of the "potentials" 
were out of step. IIowe\er, in jiroportion as the nelnilous plans of the Lee County Fin- 
ance committee took on definite shape, the township evolved an eflficient organization 
that finally reached out to the individual. Its successful working was first demonstrated 
in the Third loan. When the drive opened each school district committeeman had his 
list of names and ciuotas and a fair knowledge of the "goods" for which he was to be the 
authorized agent, ^\■itllin twenty four hours Marion was "over the top", with second 
place to her civdil. In the various drives that followed, some neighboring township 
would in\arial)ly ni:d<c a, sensational spurt and capture first honors but a succeeding nat- 
ional call for financial aid usually found the honored township panting somewhere towards 
the rear. Marion, on' the contrary, held her rank consistently among the first and never, 
thereafter, fell below the eighth place in subscribing her quota. 

The chief credit for this excellent record is due to the fine spirit of patriotism and co- 
operation that existed among the members of the Neighborhood Council of Defense. 
Special mention is deserved by the following men: 

Township Finance Committee — Rev. C. F. Conley (chairman): Charles F. Welty; 
and .John J. Morrissey. 

School District Committee — A. E. Keefer, John J. Blackliurn, C. J. O'Malley, John 
Lall\-, Cieoige McDermott, James F. Dempsey, A. D. Cahill, P. H. Dunphy, (chairmen), 
M. .1. Kent, .lames McCoy, George Wliite, M. J. Fielding, Carl Ackert, E. J. O'Malley 
Adam lleldmaii, M. .1. Conroy, J. C. Lally, Edward Lyons, P. H. McCaffrey. E. W. Mor- 
risse>-, .lohn i'^arlcy, Thomas Morrissey, George Welty and John T. Wolcott. 

170 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTy, ILLINOIS 



However, \alu;ilile assistance was ii'iiden;! 


by the Wciiiiali's Cunilllil Ice ( 'iiun(-il of 


National Defensi/ aiiioni!: wlmsc Ideal nicuil.eis 


the fdllowinii: dcser\-e i-ccoiiint.ii in : 


Mrs. J. J. Morrissey (cliaiiiuan i ; Mcsdaiiics 


Carl Ackert. .li.hn Dcnipscv, (ha.c Cad- 


well Petticrew, James Dempscy and .Misses 


Mary Lecnanl, Man,' M..mss..y, Xelhe 


Cahill and Anna McCoy. 




A detailed record of Mariim Idwnsliip's wai' 
iiii;; nienioraiiduni. 


fund cDnti-ihutions ina>- pi'n\-e an interest- 


Government Loans 


Red Cross Campaigns 


First Liheity loan . s .s.-(l.(l(l 


First Drive . , . .^ 2().()() 


Second Liberty loan IM.l.'d.OO 


Second Drive . . . OCT. 2(1 


Third Liberty loan . . 2().'.)."(l.ii(l 


First Roll Call . . 220.110 


Fourth Lil.ierty loan o.j.^.'U.UO 


Second Roll Call . . 243.00 


AVar Savings Stamps 15,!S25.0U 




Total .... 8SC>,I)2.').(I(I 


Total . . . 81,450.2(3 


Social Agencies 


Y. M. C. .\. Dnve 


. . . s 43.00 


K. (.t C. Driw . . 


. . . 273.25 


United War Work eamp 


dgn . 1,245.10 


Total . . 


. . SI, .561. 35 



Service Flag is Great Pride 
It is to another side, however, of lier war activities that the township 
greatest pride. It is to the sacrifice symtiolized by the nineteen stars i 
flag — one of them silver now and two of them gold, and gold in hcinnr 
Lee county boys to sacrifice iheir lives at tlii^ fr<int. Surely it is a fine, 
linctidii td have furnished the lirst t wci lieides tliat were "killed in a( 
Claude Heldman and Private Cleorge C. Grohens head the list and they 



nts with the 
, her service 
I he Hrst two 
ugh sad, dis- 
1." Private 
e both noble 



sons of Marion. The silver star was in honor of Private Herbert McDerinott who was 
severely wounded in action and later died at his home. These distinguished lads had 
I'esponded to the first call for ti-dcips and were among the eight wlid represcMited the town- 
sliiii— the largest contingent furnished b>' any township outsi<le of Dixdii. A list df llie 
men who entered their coruitry's service iluring the great world war is as follows: 

Claude Edwaed Heldma.n- Son df .Vdani and Olga Heldman. w.-is 
born near Eldena, Lee Co., 111., Decemlier 13, 1892, where he continiKMJ 
to reside until September 3, 1917, where he was called into service at 
Camp Grant. Here he became a Sergeant of Co. M, 342d Inft., and on 
April 20, 1918, was transferred to Camp Merritt, N. J. He remained at 
this camp one month, when he sailed for France. The last letter received 
by his parents was dated June 20, 1918, giving news of his safe arrival in 
France, that he enjoyed the voyage very much, expected to lie at the 
front verj^ soon, and had been transferred to Co. K, 131st Inft. On Se])t. 
6, 1918, the father was officially notified by telegram from Washington, 1). C, that his 
son had been killed in action July 20th, 1918. Inquiry as to what battles he had fought 
in, and place of death and burial, have been unavailing. Claude Ivlward Heldman was 
the first soldier from Lee County to give his life for the great cause of lnnnanity. 




WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 




Herberlt D. ^IcDermott — Corporal, son of Martin and yiaiy 
McDerniott, was born in Marion township, Jan. 2, 1897 and resided in 
that \icinity until called to the colors — September, 1917, leaving Dixon for 
Camp ( Irant with the first contingent from Lee county for service in the 
\\(>il<l war. He was in training at Camp Grant a member of Co. M, 
o42n(l Infantry luitil [March C, lOlS when he was transferred to Camp 
(ireene, Charlotte, S. C. where he joineil Co. C cSth Infantry and was 
piomoted to corporal and leavinti Camp Creenc with liis regiment for 
over there, the boat sailing I\Iay 24 and lainHng in England the regiment 
iiilon and proceechng to Fi'ancc. 



Corporal Ab'Dermolt was 


at 


tending 


ga^ 


school in France June 2. H 


s regiment 


was 


selected to parade in Paris ,h 


dy 


4, on tl 


eil' 


way to the front, leaving Pari 


. Julv 5 fo 


the 


firing line. His regiment wa 


^ a 


part o 


th 


' Foiuth di\-ision. First Arm>' 


corps an.l 


was 


one of the first American di 


•isi 


>ns to 


ak( 


the line. ( 'oipoi-al :\IcDei-m 


)tt entered 


the 


battle at Chateau Thierry, rem: 


ining i 


1 b. 


Ille the fii-sf lime up foi' abo 


It 18 davs 


and 


being reheved because of loss 


of 


men, h 


s c 


inipaii>- ha\ing oiil\' n-l fi^hling men left 


out 


of the original 265, during tht 


battle a sl 


lell 


struck so close to him that a, jiiece of it st 


■uck 


his rifle breaking it to pieces 


bu 


he go 


,H 


1 without a s.a-atcli. 






On .luly 2(i iiis regiment . 1 


a\' 


ng beei 


fil 


■d u]) with new men, went oV( 


r the toji a 


j:ain 


and liy the 7tli of August lia 


1 a 


Ivance. 


1 h 


the Vesle river where the eii( 


my fire w: 


s so 


hot that hi-idges could not l.e 


bu 


It, the 


lou 


^hboys were oi'dered to swim t 


le river, w 


U.'h 


they did undei- the enemy art 


ille 


■y and 


na( 


hine gun fire. After advancin 


g 40 rods t 


rom 


the river Corjioial Ab'Demiott 


w: 


s hit on 


the 


hip by a piece of high explosive which knocked 


him down, stunned him but ( 


id 


lot cut 


tin 


hide. He went on and had ; 


dvanced to 20 


ro(ls of the main load wheiv 1 


le 


ierman 


■ tl 


■re (>ntivnclieil. when he was hi 
e right eye, going thru his ste 


t by a mac 
■1 helmet. 


line 


gun bullet St liking hnii m th 




He 



was senseless for a few minutes and arousing seeing his comrades pressing forward and 
noting his vacant place in the line grabbed his rifle and went forward to join them. The 
enemy was routed and reti-eated under the American Ijovs' fire. Corii. McDermott 



havmg fin'd his rifle b")0 times after being wounde.l only pausing to wipe the blood out 
of his I've when his captain came up and seeing his wouikI lold him to have his head band- 
aged and to tlig in. While he was digging in a piece of shell came along and took a piece 
of his arm causing a light wound. When evening came he went back to the first aid station 
where a piece of steel helmet was removed. He stayed there two days and was sent to 
Angers, France l?a.-<e Hos].ital No. 27 and remained tliei-e two weeks, was transferred to 
the cemetery and after being there \o ihiys was marked class A fidl duty and was to leave 
to join his regiment as sergeant having been acting sergeant at the time he was wounded. 
On the morning he was to leave the wound in his head broke and he was sent to iDase 
hospital No. 72 for an operation where the liullet was removed and after staying there 
a short time he was notified he was to ivturn to the states and in November arrived in 
Ib,b(,ken. 



He was Iransfe: 
Nov. ;^(), HHS whe 
an opei'ation was | 
when he was discli; 
13, where he receiv 

His conduct on 



to Ceneral Hospital No. 11 at Ca 
■ received treatment. On Feb. 17, 
rnied (,n the wound in his head. 
I from the hospital and sent to Ca 
is discharge, 
balllefield was such that it moved 



pe May, N. J., arriving there 
1910 an X-ray was taken and 
He remained there until April 
mji Crant ari'iving there April 

his commander. Colonel John 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Climicn (III ivIuiuiiiK Iniiii France, t(i state pul.licly in (.'luea-'i tli 
the medal (if lidiKir it was ('(iriidial AIcDeniKilI . 



t'(ir|.(inil MoDeniKitt arrived h,,u,e Inmi Caiup Craiit, I'.aster UKiriiiii- and stayed 
at iKinie until his death which resulted Inmi the wiund rec(ave(l ui the head.hein- sick 
a short time and passiiiif a\\a>' .lime 17. \'.)\'.). His funeral was held at Hai'mon aiul he 



Private George CIrohexs. Co. G, 47th Infantry. Kill( 
Au.>;. 10. 191S. 




the diffei-ent hnancial campaigns forcefully to the attention of the people ol tin towiisjni) 
A "four minute" talk was given nearly ever>- Sunday- durinu; the war at tin l(i( d (IiukIi 
Attorneys John P. Devine, Harry Edwards, Henry 8. Dixon, Grover Gehant K(.v ( F 
Conley, Edward Vaile, Albert Borst addressed large audiences at the hall on vaiious 
occasions. Stereoptician lectui'cs on "The Training Camps," "With the Bo\s at the 



Front". ■■Ruined Churches and Cathedrals of Franc(<" 'T-l.oats and Au|)lin(s ind 
"The Capture of Palestine" hel|)e(l to visualize war activhies and deep( n mipn-Kius 
Major Hendershott and son, reputed among the world's greatest drummeis and hliis, 
contributed an evening's patriotic performance that will long be remembered Thiity- 
five of the young people presented the "Bright Side of Camp Life", with mihtaiv diilk 
and semaphore signal work, on tliree occasions to a crowded house. And i woiki i s 
banquet" brought the active leaders into closer harmony and furnished m oppoitumtx 
for some effective patriotic speeches. All these feaiiucs were of inestimalile service in 
creating and sustaining a high public morale. A\itliout them, e\cn tlie most etiicient 
organization could scarcely have attained its puijxises. 



The Walton Red Cross unit included 40 ardent women w(jrkers among its mendiers. 
The directing officials were, Nellie Cahill, president; C. F. Welty, vice-president; Veo- 
lanta Demp.sey, secretarj- and Rev. C. F. Conley, treasurer. The secretary reports work 
as follows: 130 sweaters, helmets, etc., 53 convalescing robes, hospital bed shirts and pa- 
jama suits, 1172 bandages, slings, etc., 500 lbs. refugee garments collected. The foregoing 
report does not include 64 sweaters and other garments made for the .^^llied Relief, prior 
to the establishment of the local Red Cross unit. A noteworthy donation to the Red Cross 
was made by William AlcCarly. It was a. registered pig which sold for Sl!)'2..-i(). 



The eight (list 
W(jrk, their hell) i 



the township me 
■k survev and oth 



enda 
iterp 



Red Cross 



The office of local food administrator was W' 
It was an im]ioi'tant task and he was const anil 
conditions would i)ei-mit, the m.aiidates and reci 



'11 taken care of by Augustine D. Cahill. 
y on the alert to enfoi'ce, as far as local 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



I-'cii- all the sacritici's, which the iivral war has entailed and which have been so cheer- 
fully iiiadc, tlir i)c(iiik> of Maiidu feel amply compensated in the victorious peace that 
has dawned. But they have, moreover, purchased for themselves an experience that 
may prove a valuable asset in days to come. They have seen exemplified the power of 
organization and the methods by which it may be accomplished. And, conscious of its 
value, tlicy may imw uuilevfake to apply it to the .solution of problems concerned with 
brttci- idads, niiiiv cffii-icul schools, and general farming and marketing. They have 
lieen encouraged to make a detailed study of their income and expenses and tliereby trained 
to thrift and forethought, to more efficient management. Working together for a great 
common interest, they have become more neiglilioi 1>-. May the result be a "League 
of Families" in woi-k and in jilay, in haiijiiness and in sorrow. 



CHAPTER XXXIV 

Township of May 

By KkV. ('. J. KiRKFLEET 

The township ,if May has every reason t(, Ic pimul of her rcconl (huimi' the Crrat 
War, first on account of the hirge number of nnii who ha\c joincil the colors from Ma>to\vn 
and secondly on account of the enthusiasm shown hy the Maytown people to do their 
full share in every war drive. X,, le>s than •22 of her hoys were willin.u t,, sa.'riHce their 
all, while the people at home -went over the top" whenevr th.'y were asked to ,'oii- 
trilnite to the great causes. 

Comrr.ittees Named 

Finance Committee— Rev. C. J. Kirkfleet. chairman: .lames Hm'kley, Sr.; Louis Faivre, 
Sr. ; Jacob Becker, Sr. ; Thomas Dorsey. 

Neighborhood Committees ; 

District 74 — Frank Ennnons. 

District 7.5— William Avery, G. W. Barnes. .John F. Ryan. 

District 7(3— Phil Tyrrell. Walter Ackert. 

District 77— James Buckley Sr., A. H. Montav.m. Charles F. M.d'add.ai. 

Di.strict 78— Jacob Becker Sr.. Charles Fccles. Charles Mid.aughlin. 

District 79— Thomas J. McCovern. Sr.. W . J. Sharkey. ( leoi-gc Quest. 

Workers for Victory Boys an. I \ictory (hrls campaign: 

James Buckley Jr.. Alai-k Sharkey. Irma Be.'ker. Frank l^uckley. Clarence Becker. 
Lucy Sharkey. 

The Woman's Comnuttee Council of National Defense was organized in >Liy town- 
siiip during the month of May, lOhS by :\L-s. J. C. Ralston of Dixon, Illinois. The officers 
were : 

Township Chairman— Mrs. V. K. Fmmons. 

War Relief chairman- Miss Agnes McFa.lden. 

Chairman for knitting Mis. AA'. .1. Sharkey. 

Civilian Relief chairman— Airs. Jose|.li Schmehr. 

War Drives 

Concerning the first and second Liberty Loan drives very little can be said. Things 
were not organized at the time and unfortunately no records were available. The third 
and fourth Liberty loan drives went "over the top" by a good margin as also di<l the 
W. S. S. (Ii-ive. the Red Cross and the drive for the Fiuted War Work campaign, the hitter 
by 2.5 per cent. On November 20, I'.US the ti-easurer of the Lee County Finance com- 
mittee. Tim Sullivan, wrote among other things to the chairman of the Finance com- 
mittee of May township, the liev. C. J. Kirkfleet: 

"We wish to congratulate you on the splendid work you have done and the fine show- 
ing made in your township." 

Word to the same effect was also written by W. B. Holli,lay. comity director of the 
Victory Boys campaign, during which campaign the Maytown boys went over double 
their Miiota. Likewise tlu' Victory Cirls made a splendid record and went over their 
ciuota. 

175 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Until July, 1918, the chairman of the different war drives was Rev. F. S. Porcella 
at present of Maple Park, Illinois. He was transferred at that time and succeeded by 
the Rev. C. J. Kii-kfloet, who also g;ladly n;ave his time and services to help along: the "reat 
cause. 



List of Maytown Boys 



Tw( 



rs sliow on ^Nlaytown's sei'vice tla.ti 
istian William Jensen, sons of Mr. 



cpi'cscnting Carl Veggo Jensen and 
nd Mi-s. Fred Jensen. 




Carl Vego Jexsex was boi-n in Soro, Denmark, 'Slay 1, 1896 and 
came to America in 1899. He was drafted and on April 2. 1918 left for 
iMirt Terry, N. Y. Nine days latrr he died of pneumonia and his body 
was returned home. He was Inuicd in Ohio, Illinois. 



0% 



Christian William Jensen, another son of Mr. and Mrs. Fred 
Jensen was born June 17, 1893 and was drafted at the sanu' time 
as his brother. He left home for Camp Gordon, Ga., on Ma>- 27, 191S. 
He was transferred to Camp Merritt, N. J. soon afterward and was sent 
aci'oss. landing in France August 4, 1918. He died at Camp Hospital 
r)2 on March I, 1919 at Le Mans, France. 



CHAPTER XXXV 

Nachusa Township 

By Key. \V. X. King 



Xachusa township is located east of Dixon, and is divided nearly in the cciiirr hy 
Linciihi Hisihway and the main line of the Chicago & Northwestern railroad. It is lor: 
in the midst of a very fertile and productive agricultural section of the state. The ( 
industry therefore liciii,^ farmirii^ and stock raisir;"'. 

AMicn the first word came that war was declared upon the Central Powers, excitcn 
was found everywhere, in shop, on the farm; wherever men and women met, the con\( 
tion was on the war. Nor was it all talk but when the call came for volunteers it f( 

tions. Neither was patriotism found wantinii in the hoiiirs. While many (M,uld 
go into the army they did what they could in all lines of war reciui'sts. Thcic wnc 
young men from the township enlisted and were inducted into the arin>'. 
ever, did not get over to France l:)ut all were willing to have gone if the m 
come and many were disap|>ointed that they did not g(>t over. 



dl, h. 
lid h 



Albert Johxsox — son of Dick and Elsie Sloter Johnson, was 
Aug. 19, 1895, at Prophetstown, Whiteside Co., 111. He went ti 
army Sejit. 20. 1917. at Camp Grant and staved there one month. ] 



■ latte 
v. X\v 



Mi 



\)\> 



Houston 
He was 
ouiide.l i 
<1 was 1,1 



the 



and from th 
KlSth Trend 
I and died fi 
I S.millv. .A 



M( 




kept 



\-ent to helji us win 
Ineverv wav the lion 



he war. 
e-folktr 



wiiile th^^ \\i 
olielpthc. nun 



wm th. 
Wli 

of th<' 
two ye 
bonds 



len the fii'st Liberty Bond was asked for E. L. Crawford was appointetl cli 
townslnii to raise its share. This office he held throughout the war. Dui 
ars tliat the war raged again and again appeals came to subscribe for Libei 
or contribute towards the Red Cross, Y. M. C. A. and the I'nited War woi 



paign, and buy War Saving Stamps. Each time Nachusa met 
of the requests went over the top by several hundred dollars. 



ui.l 



ing the 
ty loan 
■k cani- 
nmil.er 



'he amounts subscribed 


for the differei 


It objects are as following 




First Liberty loan 


.S12,,500. 


Red Cross 


. S1,1S9.75 


Second Liberty loan 


. 23,900. 


Y. AL C. A. . . 


. 1,343.00 


Third Liberty loan 


40,250. 


K. ofC. . . . 


1.00 


Fourth Liberty loan 


. 52,400. 






Victory loan 


30.600. 






War Savings Stamps 


. 19,575. 







ITS WAR HISTORY OF LE E COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

The women of the township were also Inisy. The Women's ('ommittee ( 'ounril of 
National Defense organized a unit at Nachusa, with Airs. \V. \. Kiii^', chairman, and 
Wednesday of each weelc they met in a room tiiven t(i the unit's woi-k l>y Mrs. Louis \\'ehy 
as a sewing room. Hei-i' lhey would sew from iiKirninii to iiif;:ht on sujiplies for the hoys 
and garments for the French and Rel<iiuni cliiidi'en. 

Alnnji witli this a iireat numlier of garments for women and children, both new and 
made-i,ver, were made ready and sent. 

Thei-e was also some work done for the Red Cross. A number of the ladies of the 
noithei-n end of the townshi|i united with the Kingdom Bend C'omnnmity Circle which 
met eacii week for work. 

While every man, woman and child in Xachusa was trying to do their part, and ti'ied 
to keep all the requests of the government, and with but little complaint, I doubt not thi're 
were a few people who were more glad when the word came that the war was over. As 
a township we are glad that we could help a little in winning the war. 



CHAPTER XXXVI 

Nelson Township 

By W. W. Harden 

Fourteen Nelson township l^oys served in the woild w-av and all returned safely. Two 
were wounded and one suffered a severe attack of piiiunKiiiia, hut they survived the ordeal. 
While these heroes were taking their places in the fiKh< against autocracy, home folks 
were carrying on their part of the war activities l>y suhsci-iliinf;; to loans, relief funds and 
otherwise performing patriotic deeds. 

Nelson township, like others in Lee county, was organized by the Lee county Council 
of Defense, the organization extending into the several school districts. The finance 
committee of the township was composed of W. W. Hai'den, chairman; Thomas Drew, 
C. C. Buckak.o, W. .1. Hartshorn and Alcrritt ScImhiI. Local (•oiiimitlccs in the school 
districts were as follows: 

Walker school— F. E. Fischcl, C, F. Poiscl, .loy Alkinson, 

King school — Howard Sweitzci-, .1. IL < 'lymer, .loscjih ( ieiiicr. 

Cook school — Arthur Alissman, C C. Buzzard, Leroy Kansoni. 

Hill school— S. S. McCleary, M. H. Scholl, Harry Freed. 

Nelson school — William Hartshorn, J. B. Stitzel, John Ennuitt. 

These committees were untiring in their efforts to carry out the plans of the govern- 
ment, in a financial, as well as patriotic way. 

\^Tien our country's call came for the Second Lilierty loan, every effort was jiut forth 
by our committee to secure the quota in a limitetl time, and in response our township 
went over the top with a loan of $15,400. 

A township meeting was held at Nelson in the school Ijuilding for the benefit of the 
Third Liberty loan. The speakers, Edward Vaile, County chairman, Albert Borst and 
Rev. E. C. Lumsden, delivered their addresses to a very large audience, and the quota 
was soon subscribed and over the top for the third loan of $21,200. 

When the Fourth Liberty loan call came another meeting was held at Nelson and 
one at Zion Church, with John Byers, John Erwin, Harry Warner, A. P. Armington and 
Albert Borst, speakers at Nelson, and Clyde Smith and Albert Borst at Zion church. 
Both meetings were largely attended, the speakers, emphasizing the great need of 
our government in this loan. The township was not long in subscribing, going over the 
top with a quota of $35,900. The ladies of Zion served a lunch in the basement of the 
church aftei- the meeting in the Zion chinch. 

Red Cross Report 

Late in the month of August 1917, the Nelson Social Circle voted to woik for the Red 
Cross. Work was supphed by the Dixon chapter, and not having a work room, the meetings 
were held at the homes of members, every two weeks. 

Much work was accomplished at the meetings, by this small society and some of the 
members being unable to attend the meetings, turned in a great many knitted articles. 

Early in the summer of 1918, the society was given instructions in the gauze work 
and several bolts of this material were cut and folded. No account was kept of any of 
these articles as they were all turned over to the Dixon chapter. The ladies of Zion, 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



not being alilc to attend tlio Xclscm Social Ciiclc, fcirnu'd a small circle of their own and 
accomplished umch necessai'v work. 

Nelson towiishi]) hati a Red Cross memhersliij) of 324 not including 17 junior memhers, 
from South Dixon, and 13 junior memliers from Harmon school districts. 

Uisti-ict No. 9, donated to the Red Cross work, besides 83 members, payini;- SI; three 
memliers leaving $2, $15 in donations. In the (lri\-es that followed close behind the Lib- 
erty loans, Nelson township contributed the following amounts to the different societies. 

First Y. M. C. A. drive . . $ 604.60 

United War Work drive . . 954.50 

War Savings Stamps . . , 15,355.00 

Second Liberty loan . . . 15,400.00 

Third Liberty loan .... 21,200.00 

Fourth Liberty loan . . . 35.900.00 

Second Red Cross drive . . 1,()S2.00 

Victory loan quota $22,660, secured 27.6()0.()0 
Much credit is due the eonnnittees for the good work done in the township and school, 
as in each Red Ci'oss drive the school districts weic all 100 per cent. 



CHAPTER XXXVII 

Palmyra Township 

By Fred Lawton 

When the war came upon us, Pahnyra was not organized satisfactorily to hamllc the 
propositions of raising money. The first method used was to allow <'acli iiiili\idual to 
sul:>scribe what he thought best. This proved very unsatisfactory :is sonic who were 
well alilc did not sulsci-ilic thcii- share. Later financial committees were appninted and 
asked to fix the quotas of each person. The different committees met at the ihfferent 
school houses in the township on set dates and the citizens were iinitcil to attend and 
subscribe their quotas. This method was followe(l in all .hives and pi'ovcd satisfactory. 
To create interest, meetings were held at the town hall, ami addivsses were delivereil 
by speakers from Dixon and elsewhere. Many meetings were held, but the most imiires- 
sive one was when the Germans were driving the allies back and the wai- seemed al)out 
to be lost. The citizens seemed foi- the first time to realize the seriousness of the situation 
and gathered in gi-oujis, aftia' the meeting, to discuss this seeming ciiMcal period. 

The success of all the drives for I^onds, lied ( 'ross. United War Work an.l others were 
due in a great measure to the township Hnan.aal and distiict connnittees. 

The Township Finance conumitee consisted of John P. Drew, Wallace Eatinger, 
Ira Putt, Edward AIcGrath and Fred Lawton. 

The men who served on the district conunittee were; William Straw, .lessie Sivits. 
William Maxwell, Frank Beede, Frank Sills, Keith Swartz, A. J. Piindaville, liussdl 
]\Iay, Herman Hughes, Wallace Eatinger, Mart Lenox, Fred G)ll)ert, Samuel .Mc( laffey, 
Ben Smith, John McKenna, Ira Rutt, Paul McGinnis, Fred Fivdericks, John Lawrence ,Ir., 
Austin Powers, William Andreas, Lloyd Shawgur, Bert Beede, Ivlward lilindes. ('liarles 
H. Lawton, Edward McGrath and Hoi-ace Gilbert. 

Miss Luclla Powei-s, chairman of the townsliip Woman's Committee ( 'oimcil of National 
Defense, gave great assistance in these drives. 

The ladies of Palmyra were no less pati-iotic than the men an<l did valiant work in various 
ways to help the boys at the fidiit. 

Red Cross 

In responcHng to the call foi' money foi- the Red Cross and war activities the i-ecord of 
Palmyra is one to be proud of. In the first drive there was no organized eifort, ami all 
money raise<l was subsci-ibed at the near-by towns, and no account kept. 

In the second drive theiv were 210 subsci'ibers, 81,443.50 being raised. 

The 1918 Palmyra's SI membeisliip di-ive amounted to S7.55.00, every i)erson over 
six years of age becoming a member. This made our township 100 per cent at a time 
when the roads were blockailed with snow and the weather very severe. The member- 
ship reached double the number asked, and Palmyra won the Red Cross banner offered 
to the township having the greatest mendiership, according to population. 

ISl 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



111 the Kcd Cioss idll call of 1919, the «1 laenibcrships amounted to $350.00 and the 
junior 25 cent iiiciiiliciships $17.25, makmg; a total raised in all drives of .$2,575.75. 

Y. M. C. A. and K. of C. 

The Y. AI. C. A. (h-ivc raised .$952.1)0. 
The K. of C. drive raised $.332..50. 

United War Work Charities 

Palmyra gave .'-;i,S27.50 to the United War work fund, with 217 suhsci-ihcrs, making 
a total given hy the various organizations of $5,687.75. 

In regard to tlic I'aising of money Palmyi-a could always he counted on to tlo her part. 
Liberty Loan 

In the First Liberty loan campaign there was no organized efforts made, and the 
money raised was subscribed at the local banks. 

In the Second Liberty loan drive. Supervisor .John P. Drew was appointed chairman 
of the township, and with the lielp of a few others raised $25,850. 

The Third Liberty loan found the township well organized with a good financial com- 
mittee, and three men in each district were appointed to solicit. This loan, like all others, 
was oversubscribed; $46,800 being raised, while our ([iiota was but s24,l)()(). 

The Fourth Lilierty loan of $57,800 was subsci-ibc-d. 

The Victory loan of $41, .500 was easily secured. 

Two hundred twenty-seven subscribers took war saving stamps to the amoimt of 
$20,025. 

Palmyra township citizens loaned to the govermnent during the war $191,975. 

Financial Report 

Red Cross .... .$2,575.75 Second Liberty loan . S 25,850 

Y. M. C\ A 952.00 Thiril Liberty loan . 46.800 

K. of C 332..50 Fourth Liberty loan . 57,800 

United War Work . . 1,827. .50 Fifth Liberty "loan . 41,500 

War Savings Stamps 20,025 



.$5,687. 



RECORD OF COUNCIL OF NATIONAL DEFENSE 
Work Done in Palmyra Township 

By Miss Luell.\ Powkrs 

Thefiist war calllliat cainc to the women of Pahu>'i-a tounite in closer friendship to help 
our boys in the camps and " ovt'r there" was tlu' appeal to the women to register, and 
1o state what they coukl and would do in the line of service work. Palmyra, as a township, 
w.-is unrorlunate in one respect — she has no town which serves as a central meeting place, 
so it was somewhat difficult to reach all the women of the township. Two places of re- 
gistration were chosen and 110 women responded to the call and pledged tluanselves to 
do as nmch as p.issiblc. 

Early in .January, 1918, the Woman's Committee of the Council of National Defense 
]ierfected their plans for relief work, knitting and refugee sewing. About a week later 
IMrs.Wuerth and Mrs. Forsythe accepted an invitation tomeet the ladies of the Prairie- 
ville Social Circle, al the home of Mrs, William Andreas. They brought with them .^amp- 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Ics ,.f the ,samu-ii1s t(. l.c inadr, and Inuii.l an ra-.r and vu\hn<VA>\ ir aiulicnr,.. The Prairie- 
villc Sucial e'irclc l.riian work en ivfuiicc fiaiiumts at tlaar nicclniii. two weeks later. 
Later on they took up the work nf niakhig hospital shirts, day shirts, pajamas, handages, 
and knitting. They ci.ntinued with this work until the Council of Defense closed its war- 
work in December, \\)\S. It was inip()ssil)le to keep a complete reeoid of the work done, 
assome woul(l iv,, t,, th,. ( ■(nineil of Defense i-ooms and get yarn oiotliei work without saying 
it was for Palmyra township. 

The record of the knitting -lone l.y the ladies ,,f the Prairieville So.ial ( 'm le is meoni- 
plete because so many of the knitters went t<i the Coumal inoni, sccinvcl theii' yai-n, 
and returned the completed article themselves, without repoiting it to the township chair- 
In July, 191S the ladii's of the Wolverine di.strict organiz.'d for work. They met 
at the various homes and hold the enviable record of making is hospital shiits at each 
time of meeting. During the busy time of silo filling they did not hold their meetings 
for a few weeks, but altogelho- they have splendi<l reason to be pioud of their work. They 
accomplished more in piopoition in the few weeks they met than the other oiganizations 
of the township. 

No record was kept of the knitting done by the women of the Wolverine <listrict. 
The ladies of the Palmyra Mutual .Vid of Sugai' Crove woiked almost entirely for 
the Red Cross uiUil late in the fall of lOlS, Their knitting was als,, done for the Red 
Cross. No mattia- which society it was made for. if it kept our boys warm oi- in any way 
gave them comfort, it was blessed. 

For the work of the Council of Defense Palmyra town.ship had lour natural divisions, 
the Oak Forest district, the \\'olveiine district. Sugar drove Mutual .Vid. an. I Prairie- 
ville Social Circle. Each division was anxious to work and each tuna'd in splendidly 
completed articles. 

asked to ajipinnt women to assist the men in this work. This was doiu> in part of the school 
districts and would have been done in all had the telephone tieen working properly. In 
the Third Liberty loan the women in their soliciting took subscriptions for over $8,000 
in Liberty bonds. During the l'"ourth loan we were asked to turn all the money solicited 
by the women over to the men who were soliciting, so no separate account was kei)t of it. 
In the Fifth loan the subject matter, badges, etc., were received so late that part ol the 
districts had already ma.le lluai' ([Uota and all had been solicUed before the women re- 
ceived their (lin'ctions. ( )nlv al out s:i(l() were solicited by the women during the Fifth 
loan. 

.\ll during the wai- the Council of Defense urged "conservation" and to this end the 
women of Palmyra responded loyally. 

Had we known a permanent wai- iccord was to be published we would ha\e been more 
careful in having everything reported, but the women of Palmyi'a weii' not working tor 
honor and a big name: tlie>- weic working for their lioys and their neighboi-'s boy and 
all the brave boys who went, not only from Lee county but from every county in this 
beautiful country. 

Two Gold Stars in Flag 

The most es.sential part of all was the man jxiwer of the nation, and to ascertain this 
ixnver in the great world war the government caused all men between the age of IS and 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



4.-)t<.n-ist.T. In till 
and two till' navy. 



■fiistci-c(l. Thirty-om' cnteivd the army 



ILI5ERT Emmert— s(in of WiUiaiii L. and Emma Emmei't, was lioni 

Rock Falls, Illinois, .lunc 2G, isns. He entered the army at Jefferson 

Barracks, Mo., on March 1, 1917. He was there but a short time when 

he was taken sick with pneumonia, and died March 27, 1917, at Jefferson 

Barracks hospital. His remains were returned to his home antl laid at 

the Stei-linK (■(^meterv. 




Miss Ruth Seavey — daughter of Fletcher and Evaline Eastwood 
Seavey, was born in Palmyra township June 6, 1877. She entered the 
service as a nurse at Camp Taylor, Louisville, Ky.,on October 6, 1918, 
and was taken ill with imcumoiiia, which resulted in lier death, on the 
Kith .lay of that month. Her body was returned to her home and laid 
at rest in the Pahnvi-i cemeterv. 



CHAPTER XXXVIII 

Reynolds Township 

By Michael Sulli\ax 

The war \york for Reynolds township was staricd in October, 1917. N. A. Petrie 
of Ashton recommended William KwAd as town chairman and AI. Sullivan was named 
as assistant. Messrs. Ewald and Siilli\'an met and ilcvised a plan for the Second Liberty 
Loan campaign which was a house to house camass. The town's allotment was .§38,000 
of which S12,000 was subscribed. This was a very har.l task to midertak.' at that time 
as our people di<l not undcrstaml the importance of these calls Imt they learned soon after 
this first call. 

Before the next work was lie,min a coinmittee of tour was named by the Finance com- 
mittee of the State ( 'ouncil of l)efeii>e. ;i- loUows: M. Sullivan, chairman; Charles Ewald, 
William EwaUl, and ]■]. H. Weiner. This committee met and named the working organiza- 
tion of three persons from each schof)l district in the township. The first work to be done 
by this body was the Y. M. C. A. drive in November, 1917, the required sum of S800 being 
collected. Following this was the first drive for Red Cross membership starting in Decem- 
ber. 1917. A meeting of our sel 1 .listrict committeemen was held at the Sullivan s<-hool 

hi .lanuary 191S. This meeting was addressed by Attorneys Harry Kdwanls au.l A. H. 
Hanneken of Dixon, after wdrich we secured about 3.50 memljers. 

The following April, our allotment of the Third Liberty loan was made, being the sum 
of S21,000 and .S;24,000 was suliscribed. Next in order and right on the heels of the Third 
Liberty loan came our share of the first Red Cross .hive. Our allotment was SlO.jO, 
an.l we c<illected about S12()ll. This was done m the month of May. 1918. 

War Savings Stamp Drive 

In .lune, 191S, our drive for the War Saving Stamps was made. The amoimt of our 
allotment, which seemed to be high, was $16,000. Fearing that we could not gel this 
amount in pledges, meetings were held in each school house and addressed \>y s|ieakers 
from Dixon who were brought to Reynolds by Chief Deputy Sheriff Frank Schoenliolz 
and after having sup|ier at M. Sullivan were assigned as follows: 

Rc'v. A. B. Whilcombe \n the H. Kersten district, 

Edw-ard Vaile to the Hawkins .listrict, 

Harry Warner to the Stone Ridtie district, 

Harry Edwarils to the Sullivan district, 

E. E. Wingert to the Weiner district, 

H. H. Hagen to the Miller district. 

These meetiiiiis were well attended and after the speakers finished pledges were asked 
for and then and there some 815,500 was taken. This certainly was well done. This 
shortage of 8,5(10 was made good Ijy an oversultscription l)y some of our landowners who 
were living in Ashton. 

Red Cross Unit Organized 

In July, 1918, a meeting was called at the German Evangelical church for the purpose 
of organizing a Red Cross auxiliary. This meeting was addressed by Judge John B. 
Crabtree, Harry Edwards, and Harry W'arner of Dixon and the pastor of the Church, 

18.5 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Rev. F. W. Doede. The oi-ganizatioii was iiiailc hy t!ic clcctidu nf E. H. Wciner as chair- 
man; Rev. F. W. Doede as secretary, and Jacdh Hencrt as treasurer. 

In Septenilier lOlS iiur allntuient for the Fourth Liljerty loan was made and the allot- 
ment lirini^ .s4'2,(K)() a nieetinii was held at the German Evangelical church and John E. 
Erwin, ('lyde Smith and Edward Vaile of Dixon as speakers. On this drive the school 
district comniittecs went to their several school houses after giving notice to the people 
to come and suliscrilie to each one's share of the allotment which they did nobly, finishing 
the drive in one week's time by taking $45,000 which was over the top again for Reynolds 
and by this time it seemed clear that everyone was on the heels of Kaiser Bill, but when 
our next work was ordered, being the United War Work campaign from November 11 
to 18, which happened immediately after the signing of the armistice, this fact made the 
getting of our share, which was $1150, very hard. This was the first time that a delin- 
quent list w-as retui-ned and 17 names were so returned hut we finally finished by coUect- 
ing 11275. 

Finally there came a second call for annual memberships in the Red Cross in Decem- 
ber, 191.S. This work was handled by the regular chairman of Red Cross, together with 
till' aid of school district committeemen. Memberships obtained were about 350. The 
first registration was June 5, 1917, and was held at the Sullivan scliool tmder the super- 
vision of Charles Ewald as chief registrar, together with .lust us Henert and Henry J. 
Wagner, assistants. Some 75 men wei-e registered. 

Twenty-five in Military Service 

The Patton brothers enlisted in Company A, 3rd 111. Infantry at DeKalh. This regi- 
ment was called hy the i)resideut into service on July o, 1917. and mobilized at the home 
station, De Kalb, III, July 25, 1917. They were mustered into the federal service Aug. 
5, 1917, and left DeKalb for intensive training at Camp Logan, Texas, on Sept. 13, 1917. 
They arrived at Camp Logan Sept. 16, 1917. On Oct. 11, 1917, the name of this regi- 
ment was changed to 129th Infantry. The regiment left for overseas service early in 
I\lay. 19 IS, and was put into the first line service early in July, 1918. 




Erve Patton was wounded at Verdun, Aug. 5, 191S and Willi 
was killed in the Argonne Forest, (.)ct. 11, 191S. 



■conil registration, Sept. 11, 1918, was hekl at the regular polling place, the 
ise. District 112. In this work M. Sullivan was named as chief registrar, Charles 
d Iv H. Weiner, assistants. Lender this call there were registered 100 persons, 
ilioin were inducted into ser\'ice. They were just beginning to call them for 



CHAPTER XXXIX 

South Dixon Township 

By J. W. CORTRIGHT 

The town of South Dixon looked upon the beginning of the great wai- wilii many niis- 
Kix'injis and many doubts. Being a fanning and dairy community with a scarcity of 
labor, and one-half of its citizens Cievman, or of direct German decent, made a \('ry bad 
combination to draw on for soldiers, or to laisc moiie>- to carr>- on the lireat cause for 
democracy and human rights. But she came ihrotigh with flying colors, willi lo>-al citizens 
wiio stand for but one counti'v and one flag. 




Rai.i'u O. Will, son of Chailcs I. and Marietta Mo.ssholdcr Will, 
was born Aug. o, ISSli, in South Dixon township. He was induct('(l into 
service Septenibei- lOfS. at ('amp Grant. He was in camp, but tliree 
weeks, when lie was taken sick with influenza and died of pneumonia 
Sept. 27, lUlN. He was buried at Heckman cemetery, South Dixon. 



South Dixon's civilian war workers conipi-ised many committees. 
The liead connniltee consisted of ,1. \V. Cort right, chairman; .John Hoyle, Peter Hoyle, 
Frank Young, J, P. Brechon and W. H. Rennners. 

The school committees consisted of three men fi'oni eacli district as follows: 
Kelley School district— James Bollman, Fred Rhodes, .lolin Gilbert. 
Lievan School district W. H. Henimers, Oscar Missman, Frank ( dessner. 
Ortgiesen School dislriel Daniel Ortgiesen. ,1. W. Lievan, Fd Dnis. 
Will School district .]. P. Brechon, Alfred TourtiUott, John L'onroy. 
Preston School district- .1. ('. 'Wadsworth, Geo. Travis, Fred Manning. 
White Temple School district- -G. B. Linderman, F. L. Young, E. E. Toot. 
Brick School district Charles Whitebread, Herbert Bahen, F, M. Uoyster. 
Eldena Scli,„,l , list net- Leroy GU'ssner, Henry Shi|ipert, J.ihn Hoyle. 

Liberty Loan Work 

In the First Liberty Loan drive our townsliip m.ade a poor .showiiig, only a fc^w of our 
citizens having purchased bonds. 

In the Second Liberty Loan drive a greater etforl was put foith, and the committees 
soon foimd who the delinquents were. Some of oui- prominent citizens actually refused 
to buy bonds, saying that they had no money to throw awa>-. I heard one >oung man 
say: "I have a good crop of wheat and I won't sell it until the Kaiser comes over here, 
and then I will give it to him." Since then his attitude has changed but I (|Uestion if 
his heart has. 

In the Third Liberty Loan drive oiu' township was thoroughly canvassed, but from 
lack of organization we were over 18,000 behind our (|uota. However, by the efforts 
of one patriotic citizen, and the cooperation of oni- lownsnieiL South Dixon was nearly 
$1000 over our quota the day the loan drive closeil. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



The I-'diiilli LilicHy Loan (|iiota was gained aftci- a liai'd struggle. We had to our 
credit Diie-hall' (iT the deliii(|ueiits names which were puhhshed on the Council of Defense 
lilack-lxiai'd, liul of these names all liut one was finally erased. This man never bought 
a lion,!. 

In till' I'^ifth iir N'irtoi'v Loan drive. South Dixon was again victorious and gained her 
cjuota. 

War Saving Stamp Drive 

In the W. S. S. dri\-e we had lieconie hetter organized and the citizens better acquainted 
with the wiiik. ]'>y hguring out our iiuota we could more nearly place our amounts 
and were sure of getting results. At the clo.se of this di'ive we reached our ciuota. 

Y. M. C. A. War Work 

In the fall of 1017. the Y. M. ('. A. war di-i\e was not very strong in South Dixon. 
Our citizens coulil not see any use of taking care of our soldiers' souls, or looking after their 
physical welfai'e. otherwise than tin- wa>- Uncle Sam was treating them, and in our solicita- 
tion for mi ml ers and money we received but a small peireiitage of what we should have. 

Red Cross War Work 

In the Red Cross drive for membersliip in the wintei' of 1917, a great effort was made 
to rank first in Lee county, and for awhile it looked as though we might win. Palmyra 
township, in the meantime, was making strenuous efforts for first place; and a few pat- 
riotic citizens came lorwaid and took memberships, and in this manner covered the short- 
age of those who would not, and those who could not. Palmyra was the first 100 percent 
township, and South Dixon had to take second place. 

In the Red Cross tlrive in Jmie, after a hard fought campaign, we found we were short 
about $50. This shortage was due to some of our head committeemen being afraid to 
iDid good-bye to their dollars, and not because some of our poorer citizens failed in their 
duty. 

One case deserves particular mention. An old mother, who was very poor, doing a 
man's work, in the fiekl most of the time, and her son, were assessed, and when the mother 
came she paid the full amount assessed against both. A receipt was written, covering 
the amount of both her son and herself. She objected when she read it, and said "No 
sir, that is my amount; he will pay his." He did. 

In om- drive I'oi' membership the Dutch road, or Oi'tgiesen School district, was again 
the 100 percent disliirt in the town.shil). 







United War Work Drive 




In thi 


s dri\-e we W 


eie again successful, the Dutch ro: 


111 being the only 100 percent 


strict ii 


1 the townshi 


p. To this district, being one of tl 


lie smallest, nuist lie given the 


edit of 


sending four 


of her boj'S to the front. 




And tl 


liiis, out of th 


is terrible world war, South Dixon 1 


las eme]-ged with a fair rejiuta- 


(in, with 


but the loss, 


iif one of her sons, Ralph O. ^^■ill goii 


e to the Great Beyond, and the 


St of he 


r liovs home. 


We thank God that thev and we 


had a chance to do our dutv in 


lis great 




annihilation of autocracy and the i 


ipholding of democracy. 



CHAPTER XL 

Sublette Township 

Bv AAiLLiAM Brv('k?:r 

Besides contribiitinii' its full qudta to cvciy campaign comliicti'd wifliiii its Ixn-ili 
Sublette township gave the lilV ol' nnr cf its l,(,ys— Edwin Oscar K(.rh- wIki dicil :ii ( ':■ 
Devens, Mass.. of pnciiuioiiia. His IhxIv was returned to S\il.lette and inteire<l in Pel 
son cemetery, wheie his ^rave is a mute memorial to tlie servici^ peri'ormed for I'l 
Sam liv the voiuh of tlie towiishil). 



The townsliiii y;av(> 32 men for service, all exceiit 



Edwin Oscar Koch— son of .Iac<il. and Elizabeth Koch, was born | ^|^^ 
at Grandfork, Madison County, Illinois, Sei.t, 2, bsOb He enliste.j U^^ 

July 26, 1918 and was sent to Camp Dodge and became a memlier of \^ i 

Co. B 212th Engineers. He was sent to Camp Forest, Ga., later and Bm« 

then to Camp Devens, ]\Iass,, where he was taken ill with pneiunonia. 
He died Sept. 27, lOlS and his body was brought back to Sublette by his 
wife, \\here interment was made in Preston cemetei'>-. 

Public Meetings 

During the several war drives in the township four |)ublic meetings were held. 

The first meeting was for the Second Lilierty loan, biang held at Armory hall, with 
about 175 people in attendance. The meeting was coiiilucte(l by Charles E. Bettendorf. 
The principal s|)eakers were .bidge ,lohn Crabtree, Harry Warner and Harry K.lwards. 
Entertainment was furnished by Biest.'r's orchestra and songs by Mrs. .\ngeai-. Mrs. 
F. C. Reis, Mrs. Frank Letl and ;\Iiss Romania Lauer. 

The second meeting was held at Armory hall in behalf of the second Ited ( 'iciss drive, 
conducted by William H, Brucker, with the Amboy Comnumity chorus entertaining. 
AttendaiKM' was about 200 people. The princijml speakers were R. H. Scott, J. P. Devine, 
Grover Gehanf and A, H, Hanneken. 

The third meeting was held at St. Mary's school, Sublette, to lay plans for the Fotirth 
Libertj^ loan, with usual attendance. It was presided over In' V\'\i\. H. < ). Brucker, and 
entertained by the Ami:;oy Community Chorus. The principal speakei's w(.'re Henr>' S. 
Dixon and J. P, Devine. 

The fourth meeting was hel.l by the Sublette Union church in interest of the United 
War W^ork fund, with a large attendance, Pu'v, P, Koeneke presiding. It was entertaineil 
by the choir. The principal speakers were \\'illiam Iv Leech, R, H. Scott, John Iv Erwin 
and Rev. Burrows. 

Red Cross 

On Alonday, June 17, 1918, a Red Cross branch was organized at Sublette, Illinois, 
with a membership of 72 members. Louis Pitcher and ]\Irs. McCleary of Dixon, being 
present to help organize the branch. William Brucker was elected chairman of this 
branch, Mrs. F. C. Reis, Secretarv, and A. A. Lauer, Treasurer. The St. Mary's School 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



hall was used as a vvoiki( loin. Mrs. Leslie Al icll and Mrs. Mary Auchsterter were appointed 
as superintendents of the work room; Miss Catherine Kuehna, chairman of hospital gar- 
ments; Mrs. Otto Kohler, chairman of surgical supplies; Mrs. .Ti)hii Stilz, chairman of 
kit bags; Mrs. G. M. Reis, chairman of the knitting (lc|);ntnicnt. 

An auxiliary of the Red Cross was started in the southwest part of the township some- 
time before. This branch was started with Mrs. Lydia Fauble as president, and Miss 
Elsie Theiss, vice-president. This auxiliary did very good work, meeting once in two 



Tlie ladies in tiiis vicinity assembled at the Armory on Sept. 19, 1917, for the purpose 
of organizing for war work. There were thirty in attendance with Mrs. D. C. Haskell 
as speaker, representing the Mendota, Illinois Needlewoi-k (luild. At this informal meet- 
ing it was decided to hold the next meeting at the Union cimrcli pailors, on Sept. 24, 1917, 
when the following officers were elected: 

Miss Catherine Malash, president; Mrs. William Easter, secretary and treasurer. 

Meetings were held one afternoon every week in the Union Church parlors doing war 
work for the Mendota Needlework Guild, later transferring the work to Lee county. Mrs. 
George Lauer was apjjointed general chairman of Sublette township, with the following 
officers antl conmiittees; 

Mrs. William Brucker, chairman of the unit; Mrs. Charles Hatch, Sr., chairman of 
registration; Miss Anna Theiss, secretary and treasurer; jNIrs. .loseph Long, chairman of 
information; Mrs. William Easter, Mrs. George Faulile, Mrs. Coi'iu^lius Dinges, ]\Iiss 
Catherine Kuehna and Mrs. Burright, committee. 

In November, 1917, 264 registrants were entered. In December $10.94 was received 
from the sale of Red Cross Christmas seals. In January, 1918, a unit of the W. C. C. N. D. 
was organized under the direction of Mrs. Forsyth and Mrs. Armington of Dixon, Illinois, 
this unit becoming a branch of the W. C. C. N. D. of Dixon, Illinois. 

The work done and turned in was: 197 hospital shirts, 114 pajamas; 80 bandages, 
45 sweaters and 92 pairs of socks, with a large number of helmets, wristlets, quilts and 
other supplies we are unable to itemize. It might be interesting to know that one lady 
75 years of age knitted forty-two pairs of socks. 

In March, 1918 we collected canned fruit, vegetables, chickens, a hog and many 
other articles too numerous to mention, which were sent to Dixon, and donated to the 
Allied Bazaar. 

A party was given, which with some subscriptions, netted $241.74. This money was 
used to supply the boys, called or volunteered for service, from this township, with com- 
fort kits, sweaters and socks. The following will show the amount on hand when the 
armistice was signed which was sent to Dixon to be sent overseas: 12 comfort kits, 34 pair 
socks, 16 sweaters and $15 was sent for the sheet and pillow case funii. 

On October 3, 1918 this registration weighed and measured 112 chiklren under six 
years of age, which was 100 percent for our townshiii. Mrs. Otto Koehler was appointed 
chief nurse for Sublette township. 

We arranged for the adoption of five fatherless children in France, with the following 
organizations and inchviduals: Ladies' Friendly club, one; Ladies' Birthday club, one; 
Mrs. Catherine Malash, one; Mr. and Mrs. Peter Dinges, one; Mrs. Frank and Miss 
Catherine Kuehna, one. 

In closing this letter, which is a brief rejioi't on the work done through this organiza- 
tion, it would tie unfair not to mention the fact that every member worked very hard 
with no aim whatever from a selfish viewpoint. Those who couldn't do their part by 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



iiai'dcli t|- 


uck;ni.l,l,. 


iiii^ ih 


miittrcs V 


lorkiii.ii wil 


h Ihc 


Alls. Ccu 


. l.aiUT, CI 


laii-ni: 


Miss Catl 


uTiiic Mala 


eh, \' 



FINANCIAL ACCOUNT 



Camp Grant Conifurt fund 
First Red Cross memlicrshi]) 
Second Red Cross nicni. . 
Second Red Cross Drive 
United War Work fund 

K. of C 

Y. M. C. A 



S 140.00 


First Lil.crty loan 


. * 2,000.00 


. 225.00 


Second Lilieity Ina 


n 48,200.00 


122.00 


Third Lilierty loan 


29.000. no 


1,425.00 


Fourth Lil)erty loa 


n ."I'.l.liOO.OO 


2,381.50 


War Savings Stani] 


|)s 21.4S().()() 


200.00 
125.00 








§160,280.00 


$4,618..50 







CHAPTER XLI 

Willow Creek Township 

By Wm. J. Browx 

At the outset of the great world war there was a great variance of opinion in Willow 
Creek, some taking the side of the Allies while others took the side of the Central Powers 
wdth the vast majority, however, on the side of the Allies. America's entry into the 
war changed the complexion of the Central Power adherents and while there also appeared 
to be some ProGermanism in the township, the overwhelming number of loj^al, American 
spirited citizens caused the Pro-German attitude to fade into insignificance to such an 
extent that it is safe to assert that before many moons had rolled around Willow Creek 
became 100 percent American in so far as doing its part on the firing line at home was 
concerned. The vast anuiunt of work, however, fell uikiii the loyal citizens and willing 
workci-s in this as well as all otliei- coiuiinmities. 

The first service performed by the township was in tlic registration of June 6, 1917 
for the purpose of registering all male persons between the ages of 21 and 31, inclusive, 
for military service. In this instance W. J. Brown w:is appointed chief registrar with 
F. A. Bach and W. E. Byrd as assistants. This ivgistration disclosed the fact that there 
were 91 persons eligible to military service in the townshi]) under this rule and also dis- 
closed the further fact that of this numlier 77 weic natiu-al born and three naturalized 
citizens while there were seven declarents and four aliens. From this number 23 were 
inducted into the service. 

Willow Cicck township was organized on April 3, 1855, and is one of the youngest 
townships of Lee ('ounty. It has participated in the Civil war, the Spanish-American 
war and the great world war. It furnished many volunteers in the Union army of the 
Civil war from 1861 to 1865, and also two doughty volunteers in the Spanish-American 
War, they being Edward Ponell and Winfield Scott Wigginton. 

In the fall of 1917 the Second Liberty Loan came on with the townshi]) fiuota at 
S48,000.00. Lars C. Risetter was appointed chairman of this dri\'e anil he in turn apjiointetl 
J. A. Miller, J. Henry Eide and J. H. Grove his assistants. The sum of $31,700.00 was 
subscribed during this drive. The fact that Willow Creek did not make its quota at this 
time was not due to the committee, who worked incessantly and diligently to obtain their 
quota, but was due entirely to the lack of understanding on the part of the citizens as to 
the necessity of l^acking their government and that LTnited States government bonds 
were the best investment obtainable. As the understanding of tlie value of these bonds 
became moic general. Willow Creek immensely made up for this deficiency. 

In September of the .year 1917 the first Y. M.C. A. drive was launched. This drive was 
delayed on account of neglect as well as lack of time on the part of the persons appointed 
to carry on this drive. The township's quota was S500.00 with but two days to make 
the drive. Seeing tli<' necessity, as well as the imiiortance, of Willow Creek bearing equal 
burden witii the rest of the county in this matter, a meeting was called at the Lee State 
bank and W. J. Brown elected chairman. A volunteer committee composed of S, M. 
Maakestad, O. C. Brown, J. H. Eide and G. P. Peters canvassed the entire township and 
at the prescril;ed time went over the top with $30.00 to the good. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Sli(,rtl>- lulldwinti this the State Ccuiicil of nclnisc \v:is I'lvalcd. Tlic <•(. 


untv menil.ers 


of tli(> council a|)|:()ilitc(l a tinaucc ciuiiinit tec tui- llie t(.\vii>liip cdiuposed of 


live inemliers 


as lullows: Lais (\ Uisselter, P. ,1. Schneiiluilz, P. S. Snyder, .1. U. Im.Ic and 


\V. .1. Brown. 


At a nicelniii lield at tlie t.iwn hall, this c<,ninnttee n.miinaled W. .1. l^rowi 


11 as township 


chaninan an.l ,1. H. Kide as its s.MTclary and ai.|.nint,.d three niemhers i 


n each school 


district as ineinhcrs of the neiiihl.orlHMid connnittee of the State Council 


of Defense as 


follows: 




District 140— W. E. l^yrd. chainnan; W. H. Herrmann, (1. T. Xne. 




District 141— W. .1. Har.ly, chaninan: T. K. HiUison, Vernm, Nuyes, 




District 142 — F. X. Heri'iuanii, chainnan: Aiisiust Herrniann, ('. 11. 


Pvisetter. 


District 143— W. H. Vosl.urgh, chairman: S. .V Skr.Hnme, .h.e A. .\n] 


Iin,s.,n. 


District 144— .1. A. :\Iiller, chairman: Paul ll.any Snyder. Lewis Ha 


ckni.'in. 


District 14.-,— L. H. Risetter, chairman; Eling Petterson, Bernard H( 


)pps. 


District 14(i— H. L. Rhoades. chairman; James E. Nelson, Charles 


G. Hackinan. 


District l.',4— W. D. Barringer, chairman: C. W. Sanfonl. .Tames Be 


n,l. 


District 16.5— G. P. Peters, chairman: S. B. Ivlen, .lames Kennedy. 




That part of District 139 lying in Willow Creek township was taken (- 


ire of through 


the courtesy of the Alto committee of the same district: 




Peter M. .Johnson. Martin H. Bly and Thomas Burke. 




After the creation of the Council of Defense the various committees t 


ook charge of 


all diives in their res|ieclive school districts until the close of the war. This 


was a n mark- 


ahle iinpro\i iiM lit o\-er the former method of three or four persons canvass 


>ing tlie wlioU' 


township, the nietho.l ol.taining Letter results as well as Leing more effii 


■ieiit. 


TLe Wonien's Committ.r of the Coumal of Xational Di'fense. Illmois 


Division, and 



the State ( 'oimcil of Defense was created with the appointment of Mrs. W. J. Brown of 
Lee. as I'hairman. The singular event in this appointment being that her husband had 
I ecu appointed chairman of the Alen's Council of Defense and left the executive authority 
111 the hands of this one family as it had 1 ceii previously istaLlished that tlie chairman 
of the Glen's Council of Defense and the chainnan of the Women's C.umcil of Defense 
together with a third person appointed ly tin m constituteil the executive committee ot 
the township. This was properly dame ly the apipointment of Miss Ida Durin of Scarboro 
which left the personnel of the execuii\e ei mniittte as follows — W. J. Brown, Mrs. \V. 
,1. Brown and Ida Dunn. 

After her apiiointment Mrs. Brown in tuni aiipointed :\Iiss Ida. Durin as sub-chairman, 
and Miss Ila Olson, Miss Ruth Schoenholz and Mrs. Florence Pitcher as members of the 
^^'ollM ii's ( ommittee of the Council of Defense for Willow Creek township. The women 
iliil spli iidid work. In tlieii- registration of the women of the townshiji they worked cease- 
l(ssly and unlinngly until every woman in ihr townslii]) had been registered except six 
who. although repeatedly reciueste.l. positively refused. The peculiar coiii.adence in 
connection with this registration and which was immensely amusing to the committee, 
was the fact that a great many of the women, after registering, launched upon an earnest 
meditation of the matter and came to the conclusion that it was a serious matter and that 
by registering they 1 ecaiiie liable to be drafted inio the military service of the United 
States the same as men, and not a few in the wee hours of the next morning after they had 
registered arrived at the residence of the chairman long liefore she had intended 
to arise and earnestly pleaded and rccjuested to have their registration cancelled, but 
u]ion b-eing foi-cefully and courteoush' assured that their L'ncle Sam had no design on such 
purpose, they in every instance allowed their registration to stand. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



'|-(ISS nil 

ty cliapl 

(■ WdV. 


lits 27 (.r Ihc 3(3 

crdlthc Anicri- 

1 the use ,.|- luT 

Tins unit hclil 


vciiki'i-s 


(lid ;'ii immense 


while c. 


.nee.l.Ml :i smiill 


■vs. 




ICllcfit (1 

:s wen.' 


if the Ited Cldss. 
unvn-ed for the 



Their work in the s:ile ni IJimI ( ioss ( 'lu-istni:is seals during Christmas of 1917 sur- 
passed any township in the I'ciunty. h;i\inK s(]ld 4,"()l) seals or approximately seven seals 
per capita.- The counniltee did siilen.lid work lor tlie Allied Relief, Child Welfare, Red 
Cross Work, procurinii funds for tlie l-"reneh wounded and the adoption of French war 
orphans. They gavr valuaMe assistance in the sale of Liberty Bonds. In all, their work 
was liii;;hly conmieiidal.le, their patriotism above rather tlian at jiar. and their loyalty 
in ever,\- respect 11)0 |>ei-eent. This committee was ,i.'iven splendid assistance by their 
county ch.airman, Airs. John C. Ralston of Dixon. 

The citizens of \\ill,,w Creek were members of the two H( 
sections comiirisinu; the Scarboro umt, an auxiliary of the Lee ( '( 
can \U'd Cross. The president of this is ALss Lla Durin w 

residence which was used b.r Led Cr.,ss purinises throui^hout the war. This unit held 
meetiiiiis rejiiularly every week and while not laijie in number of 
amount of work in 1917 and 1918 and holds an envial.le reconl, 
unit still in 1919 it reached a membership of about 2'2() meml 

( »n July 4, 1917 the Lee ( 'ornet band i^ave a celebration lor the 
A lar-e crowd as.sembled on this day and variotis ,iiames an.l siioi 
purpose of procuring monej'. The speakers of the day were Rev. J. J. Kitchens, pastor 
of the M. Iv church at Lee, and Rev. J. O. Tweten, pastor of the S. W. Lutheran church 
of Lee. These men gave excellent addresses and were splendidly applauded by the large 
assembly. The proceeds of the day amounted to over $300.00 which amount was turned 
over to the local Red Cross. At this time there were not many Red Cross members in 
Willow Creek and in consecjuence thereof the Red Cross girls and band memljers launched 
out upon a membership drive and before the celebration was over the American Red Cross 
became nearly 300 members stronger. One of the band lioys, N. G. Munson, secured 
68 members alone upon that day. 

Again in 1918 on July 4, the business mcni of Lee and the Lee Cornet liand gave another 
celebration the proceeds of which were to be turned over to th(> Red Cross. 

The entire moving picture show of F. .\. Bach was turned over to the Red Cross, the 
two shows netted SSO, and the dance in the evening netted S.-,(). When the proceeds of 
thc'iitireday weresumme.lupit wasfoundthat the American Red Cross had been enn.-he.l 
in the sum of about S4.")(). 

In the spring of lOlS the Third Liberty Loan was launched. Up to this tim<> each 
of the various school districts thought they were carrying a heavier burden than the other 
in the amount allotted to each district to make up the townshijj's quota. 

The (|uota for Willow Creek in this Loan was $24,750 and at the end of the drive had 
rolled up a grand total of S5fi,350 or 230 percent of its riuota for wdiich it received a star 
in its Third Liberty Loan flag, there being but two townships in the county receiving 
this distinction in this drive, Willow Creek and Wyoming. 

The second Red Cross drive was completed in May 1918, the township's quota being 
.'sllOCi.iT). It was an easy matter to obtain money for the Red Cross at this time as the 
peophdiad began to realize fully the value of this great arm of mercy and were very liberal 
in their donalions towards it. While it was the instructions to the committees to see 
that there was no o\-ersubsciipt ion still when the campaign came to a close Willow Creek 
had suliscribed S147S.S.-) lo the American Red Cross. 

In the following month the War Saving Stamp drive was on in full force to comiilete 
(he couiily's (|Uota for 19bS. Willow Creek's share in this campaign was $20,025. The 
drives had come (|uite regular and fre(|uen( (his year, so much so as to absorl) the avail- 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



'stiiic'iit the \V:ir S:i\ 


■in.Ks stamps did u<>\ appi-il to tin' 


ikIs. They hn.u.iiht i 
ul.siTiptKni. 


Ihe drive t(i a close with a subscrip- 




le male inhabitants of the townshi]! 


■lusivc." Tliisv.-i.tn 


II ion disclosed the fact that Willow 


a,iicsclittil,l.'l,Mnlllt:i 


i\- sei\ice. The registrars appoinle<l 


: W. .]. l^rowii, Clii.'l 


Ue-istrar;J. H. Eide, P. J. Schoen- 


th Lilierty l(ian was 


launched with a quota of S54,900, 


^Vill(.w Cnvk ha.l li 


leeii asked to raise. The sum was 


at thr qunta runM a 


ml would be made. The slogan of 


hvv the Tup ill One 


day." .\l 11 o'clock that night 


il its subscription in i 


lo ( 'hairmaii \V. J. nrowm the sum 


il.OoO, subscribeil in 


four houis, and an oversubscription 


u'r, 191S. till" Umtcd 


Wuv Work campaif^n was started 


: Creek of Sl,5S4.tiO. 


It was believed that a great many 



able cash an<l besiiles as an inves 
people as much as the Liberty bo 
tion of S23,660 or a $3000 over. 

September of 1918 saw tlie sei 
between the ages of IS ami 4.") im 
Creek had 99 iiersons within thes( 
to carry on this registration were 
holz, assistants. 

In October of 1918 the Four 
this being the largest sum that 
large but the committees felt th 
the county in this dri\-e was " ( 
every school district had icporie 
which formed a grand total of s( 
of S5,150. 

On the 11th day of Noveml 
with an apportionment to Willov 
of the people would select one or the other of the seven activities to make their entire 
donations to, thereby causing an extra amount of work to the committees, but when the 
ctirtaiii had rolled down upon the drivi' it w;is found that every citizen had contrilmted 
to all seven activities and donated a total of 81887.00. 

The Fifth and last loan was lloatcd in April of 1919. There was some pessimism 
prevailing in the township with rcteivncc to this loan, the general concensus of opinion 
being, that the armistice having been signed and the war practically over, the people would 
not feel the great neces.^ity of subsciibing to any further loans, but this did not jirove 
true a.s it was the easiest loan or di'ive of tlicm all. Scarcely a ix-rson in the township 
was solicited in this drive and yet with a (|iiota, of 839.000 the people voluntarily stibscribed 
$50,400. 

There were two Ked Cross membership drives in Willow ("reek. The hist drive in 
January 1918, was conducted through a fierce snow storm and at a time when the roads 
were practically impassible. It took three weeks to complete the dri\-e and then a great 
many in the township had not been solicited but the memliership reached over 10 jicr cent 
or nearly 330 members. This drive w-as made by W. J. Brown, chairman, and .1. 11. 
Eide covering the northeast quarter of the township. Lars C. Rissetter the Southeast 
quarter, Joseph Miller and Lewis Hackman the southwest ciuarter and P. S. Snyder and 
P. J. Schoenholz the northwest quarter. 

The second drive was made in January of 1919. This drive was put through by the 
various conmiittees of the Council of Defense. In this drive through the splendid work 
of G. W. Sanford anfl Walter Barringer, school district No. I.'i4 lacked but two memliers 
of having a 100 percent ilistrict. The townshi]! itself enrolled a, memliership of nearly 
4.50. 

Numerous War Meetings 

Various meetings were held 

For all patriotic meetings 
and the Nelson hall at Lee b} 
all meetings held in the towi 
of loval and patriotic bo vs. 



1 in t 


he town.ship during th 


le war. 




Ihe 1 


lall at Scai-boro was ft 


iniishcil in 


re ]>y P. J. Schoenholz 


11. 


(•.Nelson. The Le<' ( 


ornet Bat 


1(1 furnished music for 


■ slap 


without any comiien 


sal ion and 


were indeed a group 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



During the ciiliiv wai- (licic was no vi<ilati(iii of llic Fcdcial or food regulations, 'riicrc 
was, however, consiilei-.ahlc fiiuiiililiiiii; as llie proportion ot the food became siiiallci- in 
tlieii- allotment, still neail>- all the people felt tliat it was a sacrifice that they must make, 
and was nrccssaiv to Feed llie lninur>' and heroic people of our allies as well as to give 
our soldiei-s and sailors the liest the land could afford and produce. The patriotism was 
of such splendid calil.re that during all the drives never a citizen of the township was 
haled before the loyally conmuttee. There was one (-vent, however, which man-ed and 
stained the record of the township and that was a few of the young men in the draft who 
hid behind plows, tractors oi- some other larm implements, young men who feU over them- 
selves to get to Dixon and JMceport, who wasted an enormous amount of time going l:)ack 
and forth to the district exemption l.oaids. lime that could have been used to a better 
advantage upon the farm,— who binned up gasoline and rubber tiics cai'i-ying friends 
and relatives to these boards to corroborate their dilatory tactics practiced for the pur- 
pose of procuring deferred classification. It seemed as though simultaneoush' with the 
order of the first registration the entire township became infested with farm managers 
between the ages of 21 and :U years of age. an extraoi'dinary condition which hail never 
existed before. Had it not been for the foregoing the patriotism of Willow Civek wo\dd 
have been s|iolless and its record as clear as the noonday sun. While there were very 
few who avoideil military service, and the performance of their duty to \\u-\v country, 
there are 22 yonng men whose names will be engraved upon the pages of the history of 
this township, county, state and country, men who, although drafted, willingly went 
forth to defend the honor of their country. 

Many young men of the township made attempts at enlistment, some being rejected 
on account of physical disabilities and othcis failcil of enlistment because the recruiting 
officers refused to accept them for the perio.l of llu' dniation of the war only. In every 
warthusfarthatthe township has |iartiripatcd in. all her sol.lirrs have served in the army 
and no one so far has ever servc<l m the navy which shows that Willow Creek does not 
take kin.llv to water. 



CHAPTER XLII 

Wyoming Township 

By ('has. F. Prkston 

There were very few |iul.lic iiii'ctiiiti;s licld in the township, :is it will ivmlily \>r seen 
from the response to the various loans, diivcs, llial llic people were thoi-ouiihly aroused 
and liwake to the necessity of the war woik, and nei'ded no outside ineentive to cause theui 

On Fviday evening. Sept, (1. MtlS, the siTvice fla.ti of the township was raised and dedi- 
cated l.y a lai-<' in<vtin-, hel.l on .Mam street, Paw Paw, Illinois, addres.sed l.y Stale's 
Atioiney Hairy K.lwanls of Dix.m, 

On Wednesday eveniiiti, Sept. 2r). IDIS, preliminary lo the l-'ourlli l^ilxaly loan, a 
public meeting was held lai Main slivet which was atten.led 1 ly a lariie cn>wd, John 
H. Byers of Dixon was the pnneipal speaker of the evening and short remarks were made 
l.y ^iessrs, Porst, Yaile.aiul Ileniy S, Dixon, of Dixi.n and C V. Preston of Paw Paw. 

.snow blockade and inability of six-ikers to -,.t th.av. 

All Regulations Followed 
Wyoming township s^'vc a ready. uni\'ersal and cheerful coni|ilianc(> with all federal 
regulations regardinji food, fuel, and heatless days, 

Gasolineless Sumlays were strictly observed, with very few exceptions, on the start, 
and, as people more fully realized the necesshy of the ivgulation, the observance of it 
became pra.-tically univer^ab 

First Liberty Bond Loan. 
The goveriuneiit asked this community to lake about SMS.IIOIbOO based on the banking 

The State Bank of Paw Paw subscribed for S,".S,|)()().()() and this amount was ctif down 
to .tiSbUI )().(!() on account of the over-siihscript ion. 

Of this amount the patrons of the bank took .about .S'JS.OOD.OO without solicitation. 

Secor.d Liberty Bond Loan. 

On a I'ommunity basis the qtiota was a little less than s7(),()(l(),ll(). The total sub- 
scriptions amounted to $103,500.00. 

Third Liberty Bond Loan. 

The quotas after the Second loan were made by townships. Wyoming's share was 
about ¥35,000.00; at 5 p. m. April (i, 191S. the subscriptions amounted to over s37.l)()0,()(). 
The committee slojiped work at this time and bebire the end of the <lrive the ((tiota was 
more than <loubIed, 

Fourth Liberty Bond Loan. 

Wyoming's (|Uota was .^74,400.00 and she went over the to]) at 3:30 p. m. the first day; 
the total subscription was S7S,3.50.00. 

Fifth (Victory) Loan. 
The quota for the Fifth loan was .s.-)2.9()0.0(),aiid the amoimt subscribed was .$61,600.00. 



lltS WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

III the V. M. C. A. (Irivr ill X.ivniilHT, 1(117. the tctal aiiK.iuit raised was S12(.U.()0. 

Til Ihc I'liitcd \\'ar Work drive in Xuveiiiher, IDIS, the (luota for Wyoming townsliip 
was S2147.00; til,. aiiKiuiit raised was S35S9.75. 

l!e.| Cross suhseriprions were S(i:;i(i.95. 

Funds (■(.Heeled !(„■ fhe Wdnien's ( ninmittoe Council of National Defense were §109.70. 
Red Cross Work by Women. 

Tl!(> Paw Paw hraneh of tlie 1-ee ('(iiiiity chapter of the .Vmerican Red Cross was or<ian- 
ized June 15, 1917. 

The following officers were appointed: Mrs. Polly Bates, chairman; Airs. Lucy H. 
McBride, ^'ice-chairman ; Mrs. Rose Hicks, secretary, Mrs. Maud Pogiie, treasurer. 

On June 6, 1918 the following officers were elected: Mrs. Anna Warren, chairman; 
Mrs. Rose Hicks, vice-chairman; Mrs. Mary R. Chaffee, secretary; Mrs. Bertha Wheeler, 
treasurer. 

On ,luly ."). lOlS Mrs. Rose Hicks resigned her office and Mrs. Josephine Pratt was 
elected to fill the vacancy. 

The following persons were ineinl.ers of (he Board of Directors: Rev. O. T. Canfield, 
Rev. A. B. Wimmer, Rev. L. S. Kvans, Frank Wheeler, Rol.ert Pogue, F. E. Gates, William 
Adrian, E. F. Guffin, J. A. Warren, W. A. Pratt, ,1. H. LaPorte, G. W. Thompson. 

A. C. McBride, Iteing the cUrector from Wyoming townshiii in the Lee County chapter 
was advisory chairman of the Paw Paw Branch. 

Meetings were held for the first two months in the Siglin building, the use of which 
was donated In- Miss Barbara Siglin. 

The work room was then moved to the Presbyterian church parlors where the meetings 
were held for one year. 

There were SI meetings held with an average attendance of 31. The ladies and a 
few of the gentlemen were very faithful in attendance. 

Membership for 1917 354 

Membership for 19 IS . .051 

Membership for 1919 . . .601 

Amount received for membei'ship . -SI, 006. 00 

Amount contributed 4,740.95 



Total amount received .... $6,346.95 

111 March, 191S the L 0. O. F. gave an entertainment and solicited funds which amovmt- 
ed to .'i!;2100.(IO. A drive was made in June, 1918 for the National Red Cross which netted 
$1,056.50. 

Aside from these two drives all the money was freely contributed by our citizens with- 
out being solicited. This Branch liought nearly all of its supplies from local dealers who 
furnished all material at cost. 

The officers made a very large Red Cross service flag and donated it to our branch; 
each star representing a knitted outfit given to one of our soldier boys before leaving home. 

Women's Committee Council of National Defense 

The ])resi(leiits of the various women's organizations of Wyoming townshiji were 
call((l together on Oct. 12, 1917 for the purpose of organizing a Woman's Committee 
of the Council of National Defense. Officers were elected as follows: 

Airs. .1. B. Daugherty, chairman. Mrs. Lillian Nisbet, vice-chairman. 

Mrs. .1. S. Bemiett, recording secretary. Mrs. A. C. McBride, treasurer. 

The Council had a membership of 34. " 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTV, ILLINOIS 



On X..V. (i:u 


<l 7, I!tl7 


llu'ln.- 


tiun (.)t' the Wdii 


CH of tll( 


tcwil^l 


Through the 


(■(.UlM'il t 


he v:in. 


Allied Relief wd 


k. 




The total ini 


II1I..T ..f 


ir.l Cn 


wnr wdik oftVriii 


1 amnuiil 


■d tc. Sfl 



Is sell. I was 
iiHHliit (.r 1111 



Y. W. ( 

IV the ('(H 



FuLTdX Rey.ndlds licaiil the 
1918, asking admission into the A 
all examinations and was called , 
notice, which for some unkmiwn 1 
a1 Charles Citv, la., .lunc ,"), lUl 



^A^^ri 



Heaticnd 


•d Ihe iKHi-cdUi 


Septemkrr 2: 


, WHS w:is tak< 


final rcveill,.. 


Ilis.lealh eani. 




inie, Imt when 1 


The lieutelian 


t of his (■()ni|)an\ 



Two Gold Stars 



■orps at Chicago, 111., He passed 
June .s. He was sent back until furthi'i' 
reason, he never n^'cived. He registered 
17 and was called l.v the draft .July 'iC,, 
.at .late. He arrived at Canip Cordon, 
in Co. B Fifth Replacement regimenl. 
s overseas equipment, but on l)eing re- 
school was taken off the overseas list. 

lool an,l was niaking g 1 when he was taken ill an. I .)i 

to ih.' has,, ko-phal. On ()ct..lM.r IS h.' answ.^r.Ml ih, 
- tl .• r. suit ..f pl.MM-.'il 1 n, rni.inia. He served his .'.mntr: 
answeiv.l till' final .'all it wa< jusl as gl.)rious as lh..ugl 
He ma.l.' th.' siipivm.' sa.aih.'c. Xo man c.ul.l .1.. m..iv 
i'scrilu's his Ihe in camp as bi'ing that of a in...!.'! sol.li.'r 



i 



At la 



l\iw 



with 



I.iKtT. W. ^^'. Smith- -son . 
was iMirii at Paw Paw, 111., Nov. 
Sept. IH. I'.)17. at Chicago. Fn 
grountl work ami r.-maine.l iiin 
Tenn., where he was instru.'te.l 



William Henry an.l Elizabeth Smith, 
1, 1S!I7. He entered aviation service, 

1 tlii'i-e hi' w:is si'iit to Champaign for 
w.rks. \lr tli.'ii went t.i :M.'niphis, 

, Hv. He was .■.Hmnissi..n.Ml a s,M'..n.l 



lieutenant there. On July 24 he came home .m a fnrl.nigh. Hi- then 
went to Dallas, Tex. to command and drill a comiiany of .'adets at Camp 
Dix, remaining there four weeks and on the K)th of March was ordere.l 
to Belleville, Illinois, as an instructor in aviation. On May 17, 1918, 
while taking a friend for a flight, hi,s plane fell and he received injuries froi 
died. The body was brought home for biu'ial and was placed in the family 
at Wvoming Cenieterv, 




which Ir 
masoleun 



CHAPTER XLIII 

Letters Written by Soldiers and Sailors 
While in Service 

Selected ]>y: L. W. Alitclicll nf Dixon, P. AI. .huiies of Amboy, Dr. F. M. Banker of 
Fi';iiiklin (irove. 

From Roy Y. Long, Co. (', lOlst Field Ratt. Si?-nal Corps. 

Somewhere in France, 
Sept. IS, 1918. 
Dear Mother: 

We have been on the move a good deal the last two or three weeks. After we landed 
here in July, we were at a rest camp, drilling and practice. We received our instruments, 
and were speeding upon buzzer work, with experienced instructors who had been at the 
Front. 

Later, we travelled thru a very nice part of the countiy, sometimes in l:ox cars, also 
was swimming and boating, hi the Seine and Marne rivers. We saw several large Cathe- 
drals, while traveling thru the country and were inside of the Meaux Cathedral. It was 
the greatest sight I ever saw. The Red Cross always served us on our way. The French 
people treat us as if we were their own toys. 

I have been transfciri'd to a permanent Di\-ision now, and we stay -M the Headiiuarters 
of the 101st Infantry. Tli(",\- aiv Mass. National Guaril and a fine bunch of fellows. When 
we are at the Front, we go with the infantry, and when we go to the rear, we are with 
the Field Signal Battalion. We sure learn to right it, when we hike along with the Infantry. 
A good many of them are fi'om Boston. 

Xov. (i. W'c ure li\ing in <lugouts, where the rats and cooties are as thick as l)ees. 
I have been thru gas and shell fire, but am sound as a dollar. I was in the famous St. 
Mihiel drive, where we captured a German Band of 60 pieces. It sure looked funny to 
see a Gernran band coming up the road. Then they made them play the "Star Spangled 
Banner." I ^'Iso ,o(,t my hehnet, on the St. Mihiel salient. We slipped over on the Ger- 
mans so slick they thought they were lioiliii- to be wiped off the earth. We don't expect 
much moi-e tight ing, ;'s we \\frr over the wifeless, the pea.ce terms witli .Vustria. We have 
fiiem stui-oiinded .)n all sidrs, ^iii.I there isn't much chance for them to hold out. 

With love, 

Roy G. Long. 

Xov. 24, 19b8. 



De;i 

Verdun Front, and one of the h( 
ig a human being could possibly- go tl 
■ling pretty good and mighty lucky too. 
was in Belleau Wood, up in the .\rgonne Forrest. 
We were up there about fifteen days, and they took us out , and gave us a. couiile days rest, 
and put us in another front, to the right of that. 



ir Father: 






For the last 


six weeks we 


have been ^ 


M-:nicc. I h 


ave i)een tliii 


1 r\-er\-tliin! 


alive, but i 


t is all (,ver I 


H>^^■. and fe 


The first hit 


ch on the \'e 


rtlun Front 



illK 


•. The Cclliiaiis tuUiih 


1 like 


hiv 


(■ ov I'dhi' tinu's a ih\. t 


rxiiiLi; 


1 n 


iis,.(l('ain wilh.iuilclci 


lll.MU' 


el,' 


dIioiic ^ct (III lii^ ami 


ICdlU- 


IC 1 


.ivak, ail. I tcstc.l il, 1,1 


it we 




nu, until NV.' <-nul.Url a 


Ltc.^t, 


•liii 


lie of his '■iliaiu Is" 


lllllri! 



WAR HIS TORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS '-tm 

It was supiK.srd ti. lie a (|iiirt M'cldr, in fart it was, until we iiot in tlicic. We ivlicvcd 

Ihc iMvnch, and they n.i iiH.ic than ,o:i.t out, than we had thr l^i.rl n the war path. It 

seems funny, the Fivneh can -(, in a SeeKir. and as l,.n- as they .Inn't a.lvanee, ..veryl liiniv 
is hue-, l.iit the minute dur Divisimi ijets in it sure o:ets Imt. 

A\liell we were in Belleau Wciods, we had the haidest ti 
deiiK ns \n hold every inch. They wculd (•(.imter attack ll 
tn re-am wht!t they hist. Tliey sure ha.l s..me artillery, an, 
lin.vs. W,' ha, I t,i keep sen.lm- nut m.ai all th,' tim,-, t,, sh 

One ilay, 1 was; out with (jne uf tlie hoys, wt- hx,',l ,in 
could not get the fellow on the other end. S,, we kept nn 
from the other end, and then, Fritz starteil to sliiii^ o\'er 
call them. We ilucke.l in som,' small holes, aiul ihid-,.,] he 
down, aial tlii'H we started ,,ut aiiain. After we tiot nearly to th,' ,,lher post, w,' foun.l 
another lireak: fixe,l it. ami ti'ial,'.! it, an, I s"t the tellow on the otlu'r ,ai,l. It suiv felt 
good to hear him say, -H,'!!,,-. Al out that tune, Fritz started m a-am. TaJk al out 
working fast, we were up i-los,> to the fr.mt lin,', as wr lia,l iitmr ,>v,'r a hill, ami weiv un<l,'r 
mai'hin,^ titin Hre, an<l some of Fritz's planes came over too, flu'V weiv Iryinti to tiive raiiiie 
to artilhry. We m:niaKe<i t,, -,■! s<,me tape stu,-k on the spli,-e. W,' ran ha.'k over the 
lull, ami f,.un,l another hivak, near our p, st. 

It ha, I l.eeii shot after we ha,l Rone over it, an,l we teste,l it an,l fouii.l I'viaything 
(). K. 

a pretty sl,iw joh. \hv worst of it is we ,'an't fin,l the other eii,l of the Fivak. 

\\i' t!.(,t ill ;i liiineh 1.11,' niiiht, w,' had just maile the splice, and started to test in, and 
■■Fritz" >tarted t,i thr,>w over s, me i:as; we were only a little way from our dugout; we 
had to run up a sticp. >tony hill, ami w,' were in a trench, too, and somebody had rolled 
in a big bunch of wiiv. W,-ll, 1 w,ait thnmtih it, hea,l first. After I ii,.t t,, the top, I 
was steammg lik,' a ra,'e hors,-, ami my elotlu's lookeil as if I hail ^on,' throut^h a sausage 
grinder, and my hands and face were all scratched up, \\'e w,-nt ovi^r the top, four times 
the last forty-eight hours. I went over every tini,' but on,-, ami I was s,'n1 bai'k to slio,it 
trouble over the line. The last time I went ovi'r, fiv," of ns siiiiial men, ami one s,niaal 
of infantry, tliaa nunle our obje,'! iv,'. Fritz open,', I up on us, with a hi'avy nKschiiM' 
gim fire: we ha.l t., ,hMls.-,from on.' shell hoi.- t., an.it h.'r,an,l ha.l to run a tel.'pli.uie line 
too. (Jne fellow .■arri.'.l the telephone, I helped uns]).)ol th.' wir.', the other i-arrie.! tlie 
wire. The C'ol.mel was pleased we made our ol^jectiv.a 

We started over the top, two .lays before the armistiee was signed. We w.'r.- f.ill.iw- 
ing the roa.l, and before we had g.me a., half mile, it was s.. full of shell holes, y.m .'ould 
hardly tell where it was, an.l w.' sunk t.i .nir kiie.s in mu.l. One shell hoi.' w.' .lo.lged 
into, was twelve fe.-t .l.'ep, an.l th.' B.M'he se.'iu.'.l to kii.nv we w.'r.' in there, as they gave 
a bombardment of h.'avy 'S.S's af.iim.l that, pla,'.' for about an houi', 

I was released from the Front, the night the armistie.' was sign.'.l, but I was so near 
all in, I wasn't very much excited. We hadn't had a,ii>- sl,','p tor four niglits, n.)r very 
much to eat. It took us a week to realize the war wa,s .iv.'r. 

W.' ha.vi- le.'ii hiking th.' last eight .lays. The army surg.'.ms ..r.leiv.l it, as w.' had 

of th.' boys .'oul.hi't sp.'ak al ..ve a whisper, but miw aft.'r .,ur hun.lred mil.' h.ike, they 
all have tli.'ir v..i.',' 1 aek. It sur.' .lid us a lot <.f goo.l. 



21,12 WAR HISTORy OF LEE COUNTY, ILL INOIS 

I have hccii in \'ciiluii several times, it sure has lieeii shot [n pieces. There isn't a 
whole liuildiiiii' (liat hasn't licen hit. Our Divisidii was the Hrst to be stationed inside 
the Foil. The town is undennined wilh tunnels, and on top. it is fortified with harb 
wire a.nd trenches. 

,hin. S I have been |,re11y bu.sy hitely. We have to drill and -o to school as u.sual, 
and ^^■i■ have been havin- contests in athletics, also i\iiii drill, and lectures on switch boards, 
teleplH.nes and buzzer phones. 

We stood out for about four hours C'hrisinias. waiting for President Wilson to go by. 
We had our afternoons off for the holidays, but we had to drill in the morning. The 
Government gave us candy for Xmas, and (he Y. M. C. A. gave us chocolate for New 
Years. 

A ccuple of the boys and I. went out and bought a feed, one night, at one of the French 
homes. W'e tried to get a duck, but we didn't make it. We were in one house, and I 
made a stab at talking. I asked thi' woman if she could sell us a duck, (in French) Ixit 
she couldn't get my interpretation of iluck, so I said "Quack, quack", and she caught on 
right away, then we all had a big laugh, and the women, it tickled them to <leath. Then 
I asked her for a chicken. She did not have any. but she to.ik us to a neighbors, 
who had chickens for sale. 80 we made a bargain wilh hei'.and she was to rurnish ])ota1oes 
and milk, and she was to cook the chickens. 

Well we were figuring on a big feed that night, and went around when it was time to 
oat, and come to find out, she didn't understand that we wanted it co<iked. Se we were 
out of luck for supper that night. We had bread and milk, and then we liad il fixed up 
the next night, and what a feed we did have. Those women are sure good cooks. We 
are expecting to move in a few days, and the rumors are that we expect to be home soon. 
We turned in our knives, pliers, and pistols today, so I guess it is Home. 

With love, 

Koy G, Long. 
Co. C, lOlst Field Hattalioii, Signal Corps. 
.American F, F.. France. 

From Priv. Ira. O. Wells, Co. A, 132nd Inf. 

Somewhere in front lines. 
Oct. 4th 1918. 
Dear Mother and All: 

Well had you begun to think I h.ad got bumped off by one of Jerrys shells. 

It has been ciuite a while since I w-rote, but this is the first opportunity since I sent 
you the letter and cards around Sept. 20th. We left a small village here on Sept. (ith 
and were hauled in trucks to our destination. 

We went in the front lines on the night of the eighth and we are still on the fi-ont line 
and no sign of relief yet . 

We have sure had a very rough spin this time. I presume you read of the big American 
smash on the twenty mile front. Well our regiment was in it and of course Co. A as usual 
was in the first wave. We hopped the morning of the 26th a little after five with a 
very fine iiarrage of high explosives shells, si^roke and liquid fire. Can you imagine a 
wall ol steel twent>- miles in length and going over our heads. The machine gun company 
sure gave us a splendid barrage. Our first half a mile was through a very marshy piece 
of ground. The 108 engineers worked for about two hours ahead of us laying duck boards 
and they also built several small bridges for us boys to go over a small creek which was 
waist deep with mud and water. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 





IVC lll( 


"li,s,.lvcs U|. we would 


:lpulsu 


|,H,rh 


a liiilit. Must nf (uu- 


•l'>' lic:i\; 


V In,^ 1 

.•..uldii 


lauiriutj; aiduuii us all 
'i sec Us uiiiil we were 


us. -lal. 


his in 


arluiic .tiuii ii<i a little 



They si.hhI ui that luii.l aii.l water hohliiiti the i.ii.l.tivs up with ihrir shouMcis so us 
boys coul.l Kct aci-oss. 

Great i)ieee of worl< lor the KiiRiiieers I -uess. The Ku.uiii.'ers sure deserve all the 
praise they iiet in takiiiii part in this lireat war. I slipped off the durk hoards a h'w times 
heioic 1 lande.l ..li ,soli,l -roun.l as well tis th.e ivsl of the hovs an.l you oud.t to have s.vn 
us. I ha.l inv riH.' .sluiiK n.a.iss my hack with my -reiiade, m each h.and and it .lidn't 
make inueh ditterenee if 1 ,ii.l hdl in a shell hoi.' as l,,nti as mv rifl.' was m a safe place. 
We Hiially liot a.'foss and Ime.l u]) a.tiain and was off. It was hard linhtinsi' lor us l.oys 
all the way. From what we eould lin.l out from the pri,M,n,.r- he pulled his iihaiitry out 
and retreated and just left all his ma.-hm.' .mms hehind t.. try and sl<,p up. W.'ll .lerry 

distane,. of them and. they e,,me out of their pill hoxes and holler mercy .■ainerad. Well 
we tiave them mercy alritiht. .V frit z that I'omes out and iii\-es himself u]) like a man we 
never hother. hut woe unto the ma<-hine iiun men who li.nht t.o the finish. 

Some of the prisoners told us that if they c: 
shoot them anyhow and tlial is why .Jerry's rea 
fighting was in a very hea\>' wood. There wa 

morning and for once thi' ji 1 Lord w.as with iis 

right on top of him and then he would, fire a \< 

to the rear and th.eii start sweepini^ the ,nT"iind ahead of him.self aiiain. 

We went just to the right of dead mans hill also hill 104 and hill l()(i. 1 can see now 
why those places changed hands so many times. T!\e.\- are just covered with shell holes. 
Jerry was sweeping the hills with his machine guns hut tifter us boys get started to going 
under the barrage there seems to be nothing to sto|) us. We gained our objective a little 
after eleven o'clock. We pushed him for over six hours. We pushed him between five and 
six kilo and captured two towns. 

wh.ere our Company went. .Jerry had sni|)eis working in thi' ti-ee tops ami they gave 
us boys a little troul)le. I am sending you a souvenir I got off a .Jerry that I coaxetl out 
of a tree with my rifle. He shot a hole through my canteen and let all my reserve water out, 
also grazed my helmet once. W^ell I dropped on the ground behind some tmshes and 
finally l(,cate<l him. I yelle.l for thi' rest of the boys to drop Inhire he woiihl get some of 
them. Well one shot from the old trusty Springfield an.l down he came and we were 
on top of him in an instant. W'ell the rest of the boys let me souvenir him for he was 
my man. He had a lot of money on his body and I am sending you one of his 20 mark 
pieces as a souvenir. This is th(> first time I have ever told you the way us tioys have to 
meet a .lerry on the field an.l it will probably !«■ the last tiii'i.' to. 

I won't be alile to do any more writing until I get back from the lines. The next day 
after we got dug in, I got seven letters with my rations, and mail in a place like that sure 
puts the pep into a man. 

Hoping you get this letter and to hear from you soon, 

I remain, As ever, 
Pvt. Ira (). Wells, 207Sl.i2, Co. A 132 Infantry. 
Via N. Y. American K. F., France. 

P. S. I haven't had my shoes off for a month now, and have washed three times 
and shavetl twice dui-ing that period. We are lucky to get water to drink. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



From Wallace VauKlKUi, IlSth Co. U. S. Marine Corps. 

Honolulu.T. H.,,Jan. S, '19. 
Dear Mothei': 

I've noticed all the lettei-s tVoiii the hoys— l>oth overseas and at home which are printed 
in the "News" and thought it would lie (). K. to write a letter aliout Honolulu and the 
Island of Oahu and the Alaimes. 

To begin with I cannot tell any wai' story. I sure wish. I could, hut all the fighting 

figiit a large population of nios(|mtoes hut -we are not her<' to hght ; we aic doing guard 
duty. Instead of having a daily routine our schedule runs through tlu-ee days and then 
hegiiis all over again. 

As in all army camps we wake at .i:45 to th.e lune of first call— al th.is time oftheyear, 
a good, houi- hefore siuirise anil quite cool. At six o'clock the post's |iet l)eeve hlows re- 
veille and we crawl out from oui' mosquito nets (its impossil^le to sleep without this |)ro- 
tection from mosquitoes) and at 6:15 are in ranks for roll call and physical exercise. Then 
begins our 3 day routine. Commencing with the day our company is on guard. 

About half the Company is detailed for a guard to the work train which brings the 
navy yard workers from Hololulu to Pearl Harbor. The rest do ix.lice duly around the 
baii-acks. Upon returning from train guard we have trooji — as we call rifle inspection 
— next comes guard mount except on Mondays and Wednesdays. AMien we have ]iaraile 
first. We have formal guard mount every day but Satui-day and Sunday. Then guard 
is divided and sent to the different places to be guarded -details being sent to East and 
West gates— radio station and barracks. The detail at barracks ,loes all the navy yard 
and dry dock guards and that is the detail most of us ti'y to keep away from. My favorite 
guard is second relief at the radio station. The guard is divided into 'A reliefs — each 
relief does eight hours on post. The eight lioui-s is divided into two watches of 2i o hom-s 
each and one w-atch of 3 hoiu-s. 

Ciuard duty is not hard but ::n awful bore. Night sleep is broken as yon get it two 
or three h.our.s'at a time and bad slee]. at th.at as shoes and. leggins are all that are allowed 
to be removed while in guard room or camp as case may be. The second day there is 
nothing doing until police call at 1 o'clock and then we work at most anything the police 
sergeant desires until 4;30 in afternoon or before if he wants to let us off. The jiolice 
sergeant is a pessimistic old Irishman who has been a soldier all his life and he works in 
streaks. We will have it easy for a lew days and then he woi'ks us like hoi'ses. If you are 
lucky enough yo get off from police work before 3 o'clock you may go "on liberty" when 
lilierly call Mows. That beloved call goes at 3 o'cl.ick and every Marine .,lf diUy may do 
as he pleases until 7:1.'> the next morning. 

The third i!ay we spend in doing whatever the CaiHain desires. We troop, quarters 
inspection and then drill or hike for the rest of the day. Next day we start all over again. 
The Maiiiies do the hardest duty of any outfit on the Islanil but we probably are allowed 
away from post more than any other bianch exivpting the Coast Defense Corps at Fort 
Kamehameha. 

My experience in Marine Corps has been a little different from most of the boys who 
have gone from h.onie. Being at a icgulai- post is different than at a cantonment or in 
the field. While wai' was on it was very little different here th.an in iieace lime. We do 
regular peace time duly. 

Honolulu is situated on a fairly well protected harbor which is, 1 believe, of nattu-al 
birmation pi'oteclcl on Fast bv Diamond Head and on West by a point which bears 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



hi- 


liarlH.i 


is to Sduth ai 


1.1 prop. 


I'tc.l liy .■() 


ral iv.'fs 


■ til. 


' water 


is .l.Tp ciinujil 


1 for thr 


lai-.'st sh: 


ips n^ht 


IS 1: 


iriii'l>- 1 


:n.piral. Picl 


.al.ly th 


1- iir.'ati'sl 


p. 'St wo 


1)11 
■y p 
iiii 


nitalsi 
lauilul 1 
n.diK',., 

,1 11 thr 


is the Al.iii.r..! 
() Mill a.tiaiiist. 
1 li.av l.y thr 
ydid not keep 


II IS 1 

putiini' 


It is a SI, 
lot a nati\- 
rics so as 

th.'tlV.^S,. 


nail tivc 
!■ .if the 
to niak<> 
lit lA.a'y 


iiin 

est 


nr. 

..1' Hon 


olulu anil at p 


rcscnl al 


lH)Ut 7.V, ' 


of Navy 


lishi 


Ml Will 


l.c one of the 


fini'si ai 


1.1 hrst Ila^ 


-y yards 


lulu 


IS the 


iaiiious -Bcai 


;'h n W 


aikiki" air 


d also a 


1111- 


-prllal.l. 


' and unproiK 


.uiKval.l 


.. Hawaiiai 


II name. 


liU 


I tlic 1h 


rach is full of 


sharp r. 


.ral an.l tl 


!(' water 


rfs 


au.l tal 


O's th.. rhanc. 


• .if ni.v 


tiiiti a inai 


11 eating 



an Hawaiian nam,'. Th.' ..niran.'e t.i 
exce])t,ui- in Cliaiiiifl. Insid,' thr nv 
up to the lan.l. Th.' v.-ation h.av 
have here (outsiilc of ni.is<|iiit oos and 
with long needlelike thorns an.l is v.a 
Island and the story goes that it was 
the natives wear elothing. It sure .11. 
yeai- it w.ml.i so.m make thiaii wi ar : 

P.'arl Harlior is a slmrt distance w 
Yard is under construction — when hi 
in th.' w.iiid. On East end of Hon.) 
very hcaiitiful ])ark which has some 
Waikiki is .'crtainly a h.'autiful pla.-.' 
is shall.iw unl.'ss ,,n.' t;.i.'s licy.in.l r.' 
shark, so swimming is n.it \('r.\- good. There are several tine hot. 'Is on th.' h.'.a.'h, also 
the Outriggu Canoe Cluli wher.' there is a very fine dance fioor. 

AMiatever one says .if Hawaii he will certainly have to say their cNcnings ami nights 
are w.in.lerful. Theri' is always a lu'eez.' an.l it's .'.nil if ii.it chilly. .\s for star.s — one 
d.i.'sn't know how many stars th.i'ie are until he s. cs ih.'in on a .'Icar night over here. 
I'd lie willing to bet there are three to every one in lUin.iis. W.'ll — there are good points 
and bad points to Hawaii and as for myself — I'll be glad l.> !■.■ h.mi.'. One thing about it 
is — its an oi^en air country — the peojjle eat, sleep, dance, g.i to movies, etc, all in open 
air. Hous.'s an- iirin.-i]ially a pr.it. 'ction fi-.un rain. 

Th.'ic aiv many nit.'r.'sting things I .'..ul.l t.'ll but guess I've use.l enough of ]klr. 
Y. M. C. A.'s pap.'r. 

I hav.'ii't l.othi'iv.l t.. sp.'ak .if Hawaiian niiisi.' as y..ii have h.'ar.l that but will say 
that y.m .-an multiply .s('\ .-ral times the imitation Hawaiian iimsi.' >du hear an.l you will 
have real Hawaiian music. 

Eemember me to every ..me. 

W-\LL.\CE 

llSCo. r. S. ^I. C\ P.'arl Harb.ir, T. H. 

From Peter J. Phaleii, Battery (\ 12.3.1 Fi.4d Art. 

Sancort, France, Nov. 24, 191S. 
Dear Dad: 

Well, dad, as to.lay has been set asi.k' for all s.il.liers in the A. E. F.. to writ.' to th.'ir 
fathers. I am writing t.) you. I liav.' n.'v.'r writt.'ii t.> you li.'fore as I fli.iught that my 
letters to moth.'r and sis weiv sufficient. I som.'times ha.l har.l work writing to them as 
often as 1 di.l. 

I am going l.i t.-ll you I'veryth.ing that has hajipeiu'd siii.'c we sail.'.l fr.iiii Hoi iik.'ii. 
We are allowed to wiite that now that the war is over. It is .luit.' a long st.ny as it ex- 
tends over eight months' time. Here goes: 

We boarded the good ship "Kishmir," British ship. Alay 2(ith. and saile.l from H.ib.i- 
ken, N. J., May 27. On our boat were the 122nd 1". A., the ."Sth 1' . A. B. Head.iuarters, 
the 108th French Mortar Battery, the lOSth :\Iobil<' Ordnan.'e ami tw.i .■.nnpanies of the 
303d Engineers. I was pretty lucky coming over as I wasn't sick at all. Some of the 
fellows were pictty sick, th.oiigh. Well, we sighte.l the .'.last of Ir.-laml, ^ib.iut, 9:30 p. 
m., ,]iin.- (ith, an.l w.' lan.l.'.l at Liv.'rii.iol, Eng., .liiii.' 7th. an.l dis.'inl ark.'.l .bin.. Sth. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



I ccitniiily felt a Idiiii way iVdiii Ikhiic that iiKiniinii. I led very close i-it!:ht now. After 
we tict (iff tlie IhkU wc hiked about four miles to a camp. It was calle.l "Knotty Ash." 
A\ e sta>-eil over nig;ht. That was long enough as the English camps do not come up to 
the Aineiican ones in any way. We had to sleep on the floor as there were no beds. Of 
course, thai was something unusual for us at that time, l:)ut we got used to it soon after 
that. We left Knotty Ash at V2 o',-l,,ck ,lnne Olh aii.l arrived at a rest cami) at Winchester, 
I'ligland the same night after hiking al.out (i miles from the train to the camp. We had 
a little better quarters in this camp as it was much more modern tlian the others. We 
stayed there until Wednesday, the 12th. While there we had our first cliance of taking 
a bath since we left the States. JMaylie it didn't feel good. 

When we left Winchester we went to Southampton. We arrived tlu^re about 4 o'clock 
in the afternoon and had to wait until dark before we could take a boat to go across the 
channel. Wlien we awoke the next morning we were in the harbor at Le Havre, France. 
So \(iu see we first landed in France on June 13th, 1918. We weren't very unlucky, either. 
I forgot to tell yon that while in Winchester I ran into Philip McGrath., the one whose 
mother lives down on College ;ivemie. 

We got off the boat at Le Havre that morning about nine o'clock and marched to a 
camp which was about four miles away. W\- only staye(l there one night and the next 
day we started out again. We traveled two days and two nights and arrived in Ornans, 
Douljs, June Ibtli at 11 o'clock .V. AI. On our way there we passed through the entire 
outskirts of Paris. 1 certainly would like to spend about a month there. 

I was at Ornans until June 211th and then 1 was sent out as a clerk with a "horse detail" 
to Bescanon, a city of about 11)0,111)0 population about 19 kilometers away. 1 dont' sup- 
pose you know how much a kilometer is -one kilometer is eciual to three-fifths of a mile. 
I certainly had a good time and a very easy job. We were buying horses from the French 
to supply our regiments. The French people surely treated us fine all the time we were 
there. .As a good thing never lasts very long, we were sent back to our organization Aug. 
I.ith. They were then at Valdahou, a big French training camp. Well, it was kind of 
hard, to go back to work again, but we .lidn't stay there very long. We started for the 
front August 23r(l. 

I didn't write and tell you I was going because I didn't want you to wori-y aliout me. 
I wrote and told Bernardine about it but 1 told her not to tell you. There is no more 
need to worry now as it is all ovei- with. 1 tell you there are many light-hearted lads 
in France right now, and. I am one of them. 

Th.e first front we went to was the St. Mihiel saUent, the Toul sector. You probably 
have read about it in the papers. We were billeted in an old chateau. It was certainly 
a beautiful old place, but again it was too gootl to last as we left there Sept. 1.'). We went 
to the X'ei'dim fi'oiit. There we took part in what I think was the decisive battle of the 
war. A\'e weie in the .\rgonne woods. W^e held three different positions there. We 
wei-e in .-let ion 21 days without relief and such a hell you co\ild never be al)le to realize 
what we went thidugh from Sept. 20 until Del. 12. I could not ex]ilain it, no matter how 
hard 1 w.)uld try. 1 will tell you more about it when 1 get back. We lost one Dixon 
boy tluac. You probably know who il is. 

Well, they finally .lecided to make us a motorized regiment. We started back to 
a camp to gel our motors. We arrived at Saucorl , Oct. 31. We were only here a short 
time when peace was declared. Maybe t here wasn't souKM'elebrating when we heard 

Well, dad, keel) an eve out for a job for me as il won't be long until we are coming 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



l.;M-k. T.'ll 1 


inothn- 1 will wntr to l:rr lat 


vv in \\:r w.rk 


. I ^U,,,.o 


s,.., 


is .iicttii 


iii cold in 


Dixon liV ill 


is time. It is ui'iiiii^ ([uiic (• 


hilly ,,v.T laav 










Will rlos( 


' :is I l;a\-c writti n (|uiti> a lo 


nti Irttrr loi' llh 


;■. Say "l 


iell.r 


• to all 1 


ny Dixon 


fricn.ls. AVi 


th love aii.l kisses to all, Yo 


ur lovir- son : 


in.l Irothe 


'•■ 




Pkte. 


P. J. Plialrn 






15at. ( 


', 1-2 


'.:>, V. \.. 


.V, E. F. 


Frnni ( 'orpui 


I'al Herl.ert D. .MfDcrmott. 


(He (lied in .1 


Ulir 1019, 


at'tci 


f rctuini 


Iltl holUf, 



(\ipe May, X. .1., Drr. 12, 1',I1S, 
Den- Mother, Fath.ia' ami All: 

Your letter reeeived and also the liox of eats. The eats sure were appreciated aiul 
was a surprise on my stomach. The nurse gave me a couple of C. ('. Pills for fear of the 
worse. 

Well, mother when I left the s""'l "I'l T- S. A. over some .■leven nionth.s a-o, I left 
Heaven, went through Hell, ami landed at Hoi ok.'ii, X, ,1. aftei' -eemti -erviee over there 
for eigh.t months, 

Y.iu know mother when I left the slates over elev. n months ago, I 1. on git a r..und 
trip ticket and I woill.l have 1 cell ralher disai.poinh ,1 is I di.hrt get to us<. the other 
half. 

On the shi]3 going over the British starved, us, and we starved for al out a month liefore 
we went to the lines. 

They say, .Join the army and. .mv the worl.hhnt it Mire i> H wh.ai a f.'llow has t.i see 
it on foot. For I am safe in saying I saw nearly all of Fiance and Knglaiid on foot, and 
would love to have written a lettei- home from Berlin. 

Once in a while we would get in old car.s. They woul.l held us in lik.' so many hogs 
and we would 1 e like sard.iiii s and would ride for two days and three nights, and what 
a lovely place to sleep, 

•Over The Top" 

Well mother I will never forget the first time I went over the top as long as I live. 
For the Major, a hard boiled dog, said to us one night, "That tomorrow we were to get 
our full eciuipment as we were to go up close to the lines to get kind of an idea what war 
was like," 

Well we lunl chow aliout four o'clock and our packs all rolled ready to leave at -f;30. 
We just got nicely started, when in France as u.sual it rains. We kept on hiking, no chance 
for a rest, and we had only about 150 lbs. on our back besides our rifle and huillets. 

We hiked until about 2:30 in the morning when we were halted, and told to dig in 
and the Major told us to dig a good hole ami piut uj) our tents, and cover it with ilead 
gra,ss. So when the airpilanes went over, tliey would not .see tls ami drop liombs on us. 

A fellow and myself in my squad dug in together, had a tine hole, and unrolled our 
packs. We were just as happy as a lark expecting a good nights sleep after our long hike, 
and just ready to flop. When "Big Bertha" the german gun started shelling on us, killing 
an<l woiiniling some of our men, 

.lust then a frog runner came back and told us to take the lines as the Germans were 
coming after them, with the best troops the Kaiser had, his marines and Prussian (iuards. 

Kaiser's Best Troops 

Well we crawled out of our cozy little l.)unk, lined up in combat formation and re- 
lieved tlie frogs, went over the top with the best of luck. We battleilthe siiuaivh.eads 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



hack ()\cr ('lc\-cii kiloiuctcrs lictuic ikkhi the next ihr 


.-. Well wf had t 


wait for our own ai'tillcrx' as we il(iu<j;lilioys advaiici'd 


so last and killc.l 


men. Well we signalled back to the artillery that tlic 


y would have to r: 


they did and we went over after them again. 




Well mother I .sure had some close shaves, liad li 


uys pi.-k<.l off all 


a shell hreak hesidc mo, and it broke my I'iHc to pice 


■cs but I never g 


battled lor LS or 211 days and then tiol relicvc<l liavii 


ig lost so many ni 



d me. 1 had 
got a scratch. We 
there was only 
;"4 left out of 2G."i men sti-ong. 

At Chateau Thierry. 

We went back to get our coiuiiauy filled up again an.l we went up again. Well. I 
sure was lucky all the time, until the last day we went up in .July, and this was the turning 
battl<> bruig the largest b.attle of the war on the Chateau Thierry front. Well I went 
for three days and four nights without anything to eat, not along a drink of water unless 
we came to a stream and we had to be careful that it wasn't poisoned after goine so long 
without anything to eat, drink or sleeji. A fellow and me in my squad were picked out 
to go out on a cossack jiost. out in " \o Alan's I.and." We were supposed to go on from 
seven to nine, but when we went on they left us on all night vmfil just before daylight 
we were relieved. 1 went liack to the line and got in a hole with a Sergeant from A com- 
pany, and we lioth felt sleepy. As we would give most anything for a couple hours sleep, 
and as we were planning the scjuare heads sent over some gas, and I was ready just in 
time to save his life and mine. Well this didn't bother me any and in about 15 minutes 
we went ovei' again an.l fought a few more days and got relieved. We went back jtist 
long enough to fill up our company and went Ijack again. 

Well, I sure was a lucky guy until about the seventh d.ay of .\ugust, aftei- battling 
them for about 12 days we counted our men and had 50 men left in o\u- company. 

Swam the Vesle 
Well we thought we were going to get relieveil, but an ordei- came that we luul to take 
the Vesle River, we sent out two patrols, and the fir.st lost all theii- men, and the second 
one came back with just one Sergeant left, and he was w(junded and he said the machine 
gun bullets were thicker than hair on a dog along the river bank. Then they sent the 
engineers over, to put trees across for us dough boys to cross on, but the engineers couldn't 
get up as the bullets were too thick. But an order came to send us over at any cost. So 
we started and the < Jeinians opened up wit h machine guns, picking us off like flies. 
W hen w<' c.ame to the river we hail to swim it through a cross fire of machine gun bullets. 
W^ell I got across without a siaatch. and advanced about 20 rods over the river when I 
got an awful crack on my hip. I was hit by a high explosive, I looked at my suit to see 
)lood and there wasn't so I saw I was just stvmned. But we kept on 
that the s(iuai'e heads had machine guns in the tices. Well we finally 
m aga.iii, and 1 was in fine shape, not even a siaatch. there being about 



if there was anv b 


fight inj 


i as we saw 


got th( 


an on the lu 


twenty 


-five of us k 


Well we battle( 


the fiel 


I<1 to take tl 


gun 1 , 


lllels. 


W\> 


got Up to w 


\\ as firi 


mghke wh. 


mv ste 


el helmet an, 


fi-mC 


alifornia. '■ 



Hit Over the Eye. 

211 i-ods of th.e s(|uaic heads when we started firing at will, and I 
It hit with a machine gun bulliM o\i'i- the right eye, it went through 
t in my h.ead and stuc'k and I said to the guy next to me, a fellow 
oot me, " and fell and that is all 1 knew until 1 came to mv senses 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



atiaiii. I ti.it up pill luy hat ,in and l..a.Icil my iiHc, it in ,.iic hand ami my hrarl in the other, 
saw mv empty space m the hue and 1 sure thank the L.ml tliat 1 was sln.iiii enouiih tu 
fill the gap, anil we rushetl the square heads off the hank. For after I saw the pool of 
lilood I had made and although I had to wipe the blood out of my eye every time I pulled 
the trigger. I got some shots at them after I was wounded, and every time my rifle harked, 
something hit the .lust. F<,r y..u kimw na.th.T 1 was always erark in the rifle range at 
Camp (liven an.l Camp Crant. 1 was up dii th.' haidv firing wli.ai tli.' ('a|itain Ir.mi A 
company came ever t.Hik my gun an.l helt ..f shells away fn.m m.', and said 1 sh.-uld get 
my hea.l handage.l .,r IM hieed t.i d.'ath, an.l to .Hg in. S.. 1 got .l..wn an.l was .ligging 
in when a pi.-.v ..f high expL.sive .■ame al.mg an.l it just t....k a lillU' pi.'.v ..f hi.l.- off my 
lefl arm, an.l hit ih.' guy next t., me an.l gav,' him .lUit.- a gash. .Min.' .li.hrt amount 
t.i mu.'h jiiM Ilk.' a vac<-mali..n mark. I .'an t.'ll y..u nmth.'r li a man ev.'r pray>, Ur will 
pray wh.ai he is a.lvan.ang. an.l th.' hig sh.'lls aiv hursiing all an.im.l his hair. I t.dl y.iu 
it was a givaf game iKithing lik.' that "Fnv For All" stuff th..>y hav.> at Ilarm.in. 

Wounded' Fell in River. 

Well, after my hu.l.li.'s han.lag.'.l my hi'a.l, that night s.mie m.,iv w,,uii.le.l f..n..ws 
an.l myself start.'.! ha.'k t.i th.' first ai.l, an.l wh.'ii we weiv .-r.issing th.' Wsl.- riv.'r, I slip- 
pe.l an.l fell m, hut I swam out. Well, we arriw.l an.l 1 walke.l in an.l iip.m th.' .ip.aaMng 
tahle and they got pieces of my steel helmet out of my head, hut n.it th.' hullet an.l wh.'U 
I woke up I found mj'self in bed with a pair of pajamas on, I was just like a n.'w h.iin 
babe coming into the world. The first thing I done when the nurse w.ike mi', or F.I he 
'sleeping yet if sh.' .li.ln't, was lo ask h.'r if she woiil.l .l.i m.' tw.i favors, on.' wa- t.i get me 
something to eat, and tli.'ii g.'t m.' a suit, S.i sh.' got nu' something t.i .'at riiihi away. 
But sai.l I ha.l hett.'r stay in he.l. Wh.'ii I ate I felt like a new man. 8o 1 tol.l h.'r t.iget 
me a pair of pants as I oul.ln't stay in he.l. ami she was a real girl, and brought me a iiiii- 
form. I stay.'. I there 2 .lays ami was s.'iit to .Vngers. France, base hospital No. 27 I was 

an.l mark.'.l Class A full duty, an.l he sai.l I w.iill.l he going ha.'k t.i my .'ompany in a lew 
da\s. I was Corporal acting Sergeant for twenty days when I got hit, an.l would t^e 
serg.ant wh.'ii I got back. So the morning I was to leave my head biu'sted open with 
ahs. ■(<>.> S.I I was transferred l.iack to base 72 for another operation and I had the bullet 
tak.n .lilt ami staye.l tl:ere two we.'ks. Tl:e colonel came in one .lay an.l t.il.l me I was 
h.i.iked for Ih.e States. 

Wound Finished Him 

If the hulh't ha.l been taken out of my head the first time ami th.' small sphnters of 
bone I woul.l h.' a well man to.lay, an.l p.'rha]is 1,'a.ling my .Hvislui into ]5erlin. 

Yes motlier there is four infantries in a ilivision, in ours was the fighting ;'Sth, 47th, 
39th and .59th. Well the 5Sth was the best infantry in the 4th division, that is why we 
were picked out for all the parades. You know I belong to the 4th division 1st army 
corps being with one of the 1st divisions to go on the line. I suppose you saw the piece 
Gen. Pershing had in the pa|).'r about th.' war. 

Well mother I woul.ln't taki' a million ilollars for my experience, and wouldn't care 
to go through it again for fiv.' milli.m. 

Well, mother an.l all I will .'lose by writing a littli' poetry where my division won their 
fame. As you know I was always good at jioetry. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

CiiATKAU Thierry 

Oil the niad out of Cliateau Thierry, 
]^.\- the hill where we halted the Huii 
Xcai- ■'Siiieide Lane" and "Death \'alley;" 
AVherc th.e Boche treat was begnn. 

Where we hiiried our lioyw in a row, 

And a crowd of their comrade crusaders; 

Whose names we may never quite know 

And some day that road will lie teaming. 

With Pilgrims who venture to ff), 

To Humanity's Holy of Holies 

On th.e road to the Bois Dc Belleau, 

Some will lie looking for brother, 

Otliers for fathers and sons, 

Many for husbands or sweethearts, 

Oi- conn-ade who stayed with the gun. 

( iod giant they come in the sunshine, 

While the spring flowers bloom on their graves 

-Vnd iiia>' they be proud of our comrades, 

.And glad for th.e gift that they gave, 
hiiik of that lor a doughboy. 

rote this for hand sliakes as 1 only answered your letter wishing to know 
ieiices. 
is to get well. Love to all. 

Your son. 
Corporal Herbert D. ?*IcDermott 
Gen. Hospital No. 11, Cape :\Iay, N. J. 

From Sergt. Leslie Scjuier, Hosp. Dept. 

Dee. 12, 1918. 
Dear .Mother: 

Well, I sup]iose \du would like to know how I jiassed my Thanksgiving. Will start 
on the begiiiimig to tell you. On TuesdaN' afternoon we were given about thirty minutes 
notice to move and we were marched to another camp, arriving at 4 p. m. We were fed 
supper here, 6,000 men going through one kitchen in six lines. The clerk of our "hotel 
de Canvas," called up at 2:30 a. m. Wednesday morning, we fed at 3 a. m., and at 4 
a. 111. started on a seven mile march with full pack; arrived at 7 o'clock and waited around 
until a. 111., for the K. T, O. (railroad transportation officer). Finally entrained and 
fooled aiduiul all day, making a run of about forty miles, arriving at the present camp at 
1 :o() p. 111. We were marched out to a temporary barracks and put up for the night. 
The next morning we were fed after much doubtful waiting as there had been no notice 
of our arii\al. This was Thanksgiving morning and finally we wei-e fed a good breakfast 
which was appreciated, since it was the first meal since 3 a. in., tlu> morning before, with 
the excejition of a couple of sandwiches I was able to buy. Some of the boys, in fact 
most of them, were broke, thus out of luck. We were marched to our barracks and in- 
formed that no one would be allowed to leave that day and that a kitchen would be set 
U]) for us and we w(,iuld be fed right tliere. The iirospeets looked rotten, but finally about 



Win 


It do 


Don 


't th: 


.Mv 


onlv 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS ^ ;^^ 

:i cM'hM'k we I'a.I :i .limirr tliat was miiihiy -oud to us, l.ut t., y.ni it \v..til,l liav licm 
qiuti' ..nliuav.v. Tliis was the fiiiUli of the cats U>v \hr day, l.ul al-out .■> (.'rlcck they irav 
us hlirrtv aii.l allnwed us t,. ,ii(. d.iwii t.nvu. Was alilc to ti<> to the V. M. ( '. A. and S''t 
warm a.al Imy a catiar aii.l a small ynrrr of <'hoc(,latc. which made mr U-r\ xrvy thankful. 

Now we ai-e assi-ued to a .-amp hospital and have a e(,mfortal.le l.illet, havinji heen 
moved the day aft.-r Thanks-ivui-. It is m the same town and lo.'ated m a chateau, 
a 200 lied hosphal. We are -ettin- the tinest eats I have cvr ha.l and it is the l.est place 
we have heeii in. We hav.' not started to work yet: we start in the m.irnin.ii, so I don't 
exactly know what the work will he. We are liill.'t.'d in a room ahout two hlocks from 
the chateau in the villa-e. 

Well, the war is over, luit when we return home is a (lUestioii, as we were classified in 
Class A which means we have to stay the longest. I fiiiure 1 will he lucky to iict home l.y 
March or April. 

Our regiment heinti' all split up made us casuals and as casuals we have received no 
mail. The last letter I had was Maud's letter of Oct. IHth. X.iw we are assiy;ned here 
I expect to iiet mail attain. 

Had a very interesting trip through an old chateau ownccl hy thi' French government, 
the former home of Louis XIY and Henry l\. It certainly was a wond.'iful place and the 
grounds are immense as well as beautiful. 

Am enclosing a Christmas card and a sprig of mistletoe and holl\' which I gathered 
myself. The mistletoe is very plentiftil over here, although I have seen only a littl(> 
holly, and that having no berries. 

Was home in thought Thanksgiving day and will .also be Christmas. I hope you 
receive this letter before Christmas. 

Things are going along good and look Ijrighter every day and with the prospects of 
home nearer every day I feel quite contented, even if 1 am in a strange land. 

I can picture all the good things to eat Christmas and wish I could be tlua-e to share 
it with yoti, but if they continue to feed us like they have in tliis new place I am going 
to be well h'd Christmas, too. 

With h)ve to all, I am. 

Your loving son, 

Leslie Sf|uier. 

From Walter Mueller 

Nov. 23, IfllS. 
Dear Father, ^L.ther and All: 

Under provisions of an article in the Stars and Stripes, we are permitted to write where 
we are and where we have been, so here it goes: 

On the morning of I\Iay 25th, 1918, we were called at :-> a. m., marched sevi'ii miles 
to Alpine landing, got on some kind of a barge there, drifted down the Hudson about 
2.5 miles, got off and boarded the ship •■ailed "Hemy H, Mallory." The sailors called 
it the "Hell Rolling Mallory," Was not on the water long until I realized tln^ nickname 
was a good one. Anyway, was not on the boat but a few hours until one of our men fell 
down in the hole two decks; luckily no bones were broken and was in the hospital only 
a week. Sunday about .5 p. m. we were all ordered inside antl the boat commenced to 
move. After a few hoiu-s we were allowe(l out: could just see sh<ire. Later our boat 
joined a convoy of 12 other troop boats and one submarine ch.a.'^er and two days before 

to a camp in Lorimont. about 4 miles from l^ordeaux. Was fortunate enough to secure 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



a pass to Boradeaux for one day. June 15th about 4:45 p. m., the company split, part 
of them going to Rochefort, two men to St. Nazaire, and the balance of us to Lieusaint, 
ajjout 25 kilometers from Paris, where we pitched pup tents in an alfalfa field until our 
barracks were erected. This was the beginning of Army Park B. July the 2nd the men 
who left for Rochefort June 15th, joined us. July 4th the men started out on their first 
trip for the front, trucks loaded with an evacuation hospital from Paris to Chalons. After 
being up there about two weeks, were chased out of the woods by German airmen — that 
was when th(> big Chateau Thierry drive began. From then on the trucks were moving 
])raclicall>- :dl nf tlic limr, day and night, carrying ammunition, clothing and rations 
to Chateau Tliicn>- ami Siiissnns. While they were at Chalons for a couple of weeks 
the Germans canic uvcr to get a station one night but came so close to the trucks the men 
were ordered out in a wheat field. Some of them ran out in their B. V. D.'s with their 
helmets and gas masks on. The men were worked quite hard on the front until August 
Kith \\iien we packed up and left for Longres. This was a three-day trip, about 300 miles 
of two companies, 58 trucks. Of course we did not run at night. August 18th the train 
pulled into Longres foi- repairs. This is wh.ere Bose caught me in the mess line trying to 
get some flapjacks. 

Left Longres Aug. 22nd about 6 p. m. to be attached to a division at Bricon, arriving 
there about noon Aug. 23rd. Did not stop here very long. On Aug. 27th we left Bricon 
in a convoy of a hundred trucks for a place called Remiremont, getting pretty close to 
your home, dad. Anyway, we arrived at Remiremont, Aug. 28th about 2 p. ni. We 
worked at this place about ten days, had my office in a truck that was out of working 
order, located at the foot of a big mountain. The Boche planes would pay us a daily visit 
but did little harm. We left Remiremont Sept. 7th, arriving at Gerartlmer the same day. 
Tins is where work began to pick up again. Trucks rolled day and night up and down 
the steep mountains on into Alsace. From the tops of some of these mountains we could 
see the tops of the Alps. The men worked real hard in this area as most of the hard driv- 
ing had to he done at night without lights as the Germans were just across the valley 
and the lights would show through the camouflage on the side of the road. When we left 
this place Oct. 28th, had to leave nine men behind in the hospital. Arrived in Futeau, 
just back of Verdun, Oct. 30th, parking at a saw mill there, trucks working from this place 
to Grandpre, where the sixth division was going into action, some of them in one battle, 
as we were preparing to move to Grandpre some poor old lady came up to the mess hall 
to tell us, "Boche finish." We left Futeau at 7 p. m., Nov. 17th, arriving at Verdun at 
10 p. m., the same night, where we are now located. Gee, the city of Verdun sure looks 
a wreck. Took a number of snap shots of the ruins. Will have them developed soon as 
we get back into civilization. Have not seen any people (civiUans) for over three weeks. 
We were booked to go to Metz but orders have been changed and Monday we leave for 
Recey sur Oucre just below Longres. Understand this division is going home soon. I 
am untler the impression that we will be detached from them before they sail. 

The above places mentioned ai'e the names of the villages and cities we were stationed 
at since in France but have gone through a number of other large cities and villages. Passed 
through Neufchateau, Octolier 30. That is where Leo Miller is, according to the A. P. 
0. number you gave. 

Mailed you a ( lerm.an helmet several days ago. Have another on hand in case it never 
reaches you and a nninh(>r of other souvenirs and postal cards. Have some shrapnel that 
I dug from the building we are staying in. I have a very nice room with a large fire place 
in it. Will write you again soon, Merry Christmas to all, 

Walt. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



D<Tcnilicr2S, 19IS. 
My Drar Alothcv, Father and All: 

I have iH.t hcanl Inmi ,v..u since we nidved, Dec. lOtli, when I received your Christ- 
mas card. We left Rocey sur Uucre, Dec. lOlh, and arrive(l at Monti^iny th(> same ni(irn- 
ing. No billets being available there we nmvid on \n th.e next \'illaiie, calleil ( Je\i()l]es. 
We own the place now as you will understand after icailinji this lettia. ( '.e\-icilles is a 
small village not far from Loniires, vei->' (|uiel place. lla\-e had rain e\er>- (hi>- since 
we arrived here but (uie and it snowed on Dec. 'i.'ith. Have a vei>- nice room in a cheese 
factory that I am usinij; foi- an office, lai-i!:e fire|)lace in one side of it which makes it viay 
comfortable. 

Day before ( "hristmas we decorated a large room in the lactoiy that we had been usiny; 
for a mess hall for a ( 'hiistmas program. Some ol the men had to leave in th.e afternoon 
to transport troops fiom this area to Longres for a parade there i^iven in honor of Presi- 
dent Wilson on Christmas morning. These men did not get back until .">:ol) ]>. ni., just 
in time for our second perfoiniance. But we men who were in. in the afteinoon. alio\it 
2:30, decided to hght the ( hristmas tree at 3:30 and give chocolate, candy, nuts and gum 
to the French kids of the village and for admission each member of the organization was 
to brin g one or more French kids. At 3 :30 we had 500 of them, also a number of the mothers, 
older sisters and nurses, full house. Had a little show which lasted about a half horn-. 
In the meantime one of the fellows fixed up as Santa and immediately aft(a' the ])(aloini- 
ance Santa came out and gave them their candy and stuff. It ccatamly maile a lag hit. 
At 7:00 we had the big show for th.e men of our organization, oidy: of comse. we had a 
Santa Clans, too, a regular comedian. We put all of our Christmas |)ackagi's that we 
received from home, the Y, and the Red Cross, around the three and had him call tluan 
off by name and what he would add to it was enough to make his act successful. After 
everything we took flashlight pict\u-( s. 

W^ell, mother, will write again as soon as I receive a letter from vou. Love to all, 

Walter. 

From Sergt. Clareiu'e White, Medical Corps. 

Cruekten, buxemburg. Xov. 2fl, lOlS. 
Dear Fath(a-: 

Inasmuch as I was unable to write you a li'tter Father's Day, 1 am gomg to write 
now and give you an idea of what I have been doing and where I have lieen sinc(> coming 
over here. 

On Dec. 1, 1917, we left Ft. Harrison at 4 p. m. \\o took the New York Central 
lines and passed thru Muncie, Ind., Union City, ().. Alaiion, Manchester, Cleveland, 
Erie, Pa., Rtiffalo, N. Y., Syracuse, Rochester, Albany antl down along the Hudson to 
Hoboken. X. .1. We boanled tlie George Washington," a large liner next in size to the 
Yaterland. The latter was in a d(jck beside us before we pulled out on the ."ith of Decem- 
ber. We were'on the water during which time we encountered no U-boats, but got into 
a terrible storm on the Bay of Biscay. Finally we landed at Brest Dec. 22. I got off 
the boat before .some of the rest and was forttmate enough to see a great deal of the town. 
We boarded a train at Brest and started for our training area. We passed thru the town 
of Laval, Le :Mons, Totus, Longirs, Chailres, Chatunont and on Christmas moiaiing 
got off at Bourmont, which was west of Limeville and to the .south of Xeaufehateau. 
W<' staved at Bourniount all winter and ran a <'amp hospital there, (hi March 14, 191S, 



WAR HISTORV OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



\vc stai-t('<l ill trucks tn t hr iVoiit. The ili\isi(]ii occupicil :i sector extending from Verdun 
south tor aliout IS miles. Our statidus in Cenicourt ncai- Ft. De Genicom't, one of the 
outer works of the fortress of N'enhm. We were sheUed every day at Genicourt at pre- 
cisely 12 noon. After alaout two weeks we were stationed at Sonully, a fair sized place 
back of Verdun. Here I ran onto many fellows out of the 10th Engineers, R. R., out of 
Chicago. Tlie>- wen' opeiating the railroad to \'ei-dun. 

On :May l.")th the secdiKl (Hvi.sion was relieved and we pulled luiek thru Bar-Le-Div 
for a rest stopping at a little town called "Beiucy." We stayed there a few days 
and then started on a long trip to the British front. It took us a couple of days and we 
passed through the towns of St. Dizier, \'itiy ie Francois, Chalons, Epernay, Meaux, 
St. Denis, a suhurh of Paris, Pontoise, and stopped at La Fayella. We were in this place 
when we got word tliat the Boches were driving toward Chateau Thierry to Paris. The 
division was onlered t(.) the scene of trouble. We went back the same way we came, 
through Pontoise, St. Denis, Meaux. We went north from Meaux to meet the oncoming 
Boche. On June 1 the division was ordered to plug a hole in the line through which the 
Boches were pouring. Our sector was west and a little north of Chateau Thierry. Our 
company came near being captured near A'iniy, so were moved back to Cacharel and then 
to Chateau Rue on the road out of Chateau Thierry. I expect it is useless for me to 
tell you of the work done at Belleau wood, Torcy, and \'anx. These places have been 
made famous by the fifth and sixth Marines and the ninth and twenty-third infantry 
and the second engineers. Our company was next moved to Luzaney on the Marne 
river. We stayed there until about the lOth of .lul\- when we were sent of La Tille for a 
rest. We were shelled out of this place the night of the 14th. The next day we were 
ordered to Villers Cotterets near Soissons where the first and second divisions with the 
Scotch made a six mile gain the first day of the battle. They continued to gain and after 
two days were relieved. We forced the Germans to evacuate the Chateau Thiei-ry salient. 
We next went to Oguy, a little town near Nanteiul and Seulis (Gen. Foch met the Ger- 
man peace delegates at Seulis). 

From Oguy we started on another long triii. going thi'ough ]\Ieaux, Vitiw le Francois, 
St. Dizier, Toul and Nancy. We stopped at St. Nicholas, south of Nancy. From tliere 
we went up to Millery near Pont-a-Mousson, but it was only for a few days for the purpose 
of getting acquainted with the terrain. We then went to the south of Toul to a town 
named Faviers. We stayed there two weeks and then were very much in evidence when 
the St. Mihiel sectoi- was cut off. We captured Thiancourt and Nannues-Zalny ridge. 
It was at Thiancouii that 1 nearly got mine. 

We next stiiick with the French near Rheims and took Mont Blanc ridge which had 
been holding up the i'rench advance for some time. We worked near Suipps and at 
Somimepy, where we were pretty hard hit by shellfire. On Nov. 1 the second division 
was given the post of honor in the front rank in the final attack which swept by Buzancy, 
Stenay and was stopped at Sedan only by the signing of the armistice. A\"e were at Landre- 
ville when the armistice was signed on th(> 11th of November. 

On the 14th we started for Germany with the army of occupation. We have already 
gone through Buzancy, Stenay, and Montmedy, in France, and Viron, Belamort, Ethe, 
and Arlon in Belgium. We are well into Luxemburg now, having passed through Noer- 
dingen, Colmar, Berg, and several other towns. The company is now at Kruchjten, about 
23 kilometers west of the city of Luxemburg. 

In a few days we will go into Germany and I will tell you whei-e we have been in another 
letter. I am also going to give you a copy of each oi our citations, ^^'e have a good 
nianv. With love, vour son, Clarence 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



From Howard Metzler 

Nov. 24. 1918. 
Dear Dad: 

As this is supposed to lie Fallin's day will drop you a few liiirs tdlniii you soiurlluug 
of what I have seen since Icavinii tlif States, ^\■e left New York on tln' '-'Olli ol May 
and after zigzagging around the .Vtlantic for el('\'en da>s we lande<l at l,i\ci|)ool, I'ntiland. 
Were marched about f<nir miles out <jf the <'it>- and spent the ni<ilii, Icaxniti tlic next day 
for Winchester where we stayed for hve days Itefore talcing a boat at Soutliam|>ton for 
France. We spent the night on board a cattle boat and debarked for Havre on .June 14. 
Here we went into another rest camp for a couple ot days and then the>' loaded us into 
box ears and we headed foi- Valdahou. After we spent three days in tiavelinii we un- 
leaded and were marched to the little village of Epenoy, a small village about the size of 
Eldena along the Swiss bordei-. Hnc wr entrained on the F^rench guns and incidentally 
here it was that truck driveis weic callrd foi- to go to Bordeaux for trucks for the Ijrigade. 

I was sent in charge of tlir detail and it certainly was an interesting tri|nlriving all 
the way aci-oss France and I was lucky enouiih to get the General's car, a biji eight eyhnder 
Cadillac, to drive back inslc^ad of a truck. About the twenty-sixth of .hily we moved 
into barracks at "S'aldahou and after firing our range course were prepared for the front. 
Five thousand rounds were fired over the range here and my job was to see that it was 
on the grounds in time, and, believe me, the old trucks worked as late as ten o'clock at 
;night, getting ready for flic next day's firing. On the 23rd of August we left for the front 
and as usual I had the truck tram to take overland, a ilistance ,,f 220 miles. \\v found 
the regiment at Bourcq, a small village in a forest in the St. Mihiel sector. Here is where 
the real work for the trucks come in for we had to haul our supplies a distance of seven 
miles and there was rain ten days out of nine and mud half way up to your knees. There 
were more nights that I was on the truck seats than th.ere were when I was in bed, tin- my 
drivers wouldn't suit tlie captain foi- he alwa>-s w:uited to tjo like liell ai 
afraid of the quads so whenever In' went I hail to go and he sure was a 
ever anything was wanted, it didn't make an>' difference wliat time of 
always went after it. 

After the drivi- here was over we left hn- the \'erdtm front. Here I 
hind the wagon tiam for we had lost a bunch of horses and ix was ([uite oft 
a wagon out of a hole. Also the Spanish influenza hit our outfit and all of 
■over to the Supply Company, except the sick and these I kept in the 
were too weak to walk and there were only a couple who went to hospitals that came 
back. From the time we left the Hourc(| woods at seven o'clock one night until three 
o'clock of the second morning I was at the truck wheel only leaving it long enough to help 
out someof the fellows and get some hot coffee that was always ready for tis in tlu' field 
kitchen. 

When we stopped I and a pal of mine from Walnut took our blankets and Hopped 
in a French graveyard and were awakened the following da>' at ten o'clock by the follow- 
ing speech from a captain of the quartermaster's corps: " No wonder you can't beat these 
Yanks when they have guts enough to sleep in a graveyanl." 

After reaching our camping place in the Argonne 1 had to haul supplies from the main 
warehouse a distance of one hundred and niiuny miles so you see it wasn't sueli a snap 
.after all. "When we weren't hauling supplies we were hauling ammunition ami I sure saw 
,some funny sights then. 

One tlav a shell struck the truck rii^hl ah.ead of mine ami took the engine out of it 



lid the 1 


.ovs were 


s.ildler 1 


for when- 


night It 


was. we 


had to 


drive !.<- 


fen 1 ha 


d to inish 


niv iiiei 


1 I tm-ned 


trucks, 


for they 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



without explotling. If it had there would have been some tlamage done for there were 
about fifty trucks lined up loaded with high explosive shells. 

Here was the only place we saw much real fighting, and, believe me, it was real, for we 
were locatetl at a miss roads and Jerry had our range. Here also we witnessed several 
air battles ami, bcHcvc me, those Jerrys have the goods when it comes to aeroplanes. 

Ai'oiiiid the middle of Octolier we were relieved and sent liack for a rest when th.e order 
came to moturizr our regiment. 

We left there about the 25th of October and as the old trucks had from 11 to 13,000 
miles registered upon them we turned them in for salvage to get new ones in their place. 
About two weeks ago I took a bunch of lads to Dijon and drove back thirty trucks, five 
touring cars and ten motoi-cycles, and. with the exce])ti(in of five or six cai's we stole, 
or as the army calls it, "salvaged," while at the front, this is all we have. 

We are now stationed to Doulaincourt and orders, or rather rumors, came in today 
that we were to be occupation troops and move into Germany for six months. 

I certainly ho]ie it is only a rumor for the States aie good enough for me. 

We wired our shack here and have electricity whenever it is on but they turn off the 
current so often >(i\i never can gamble on lights. d'he\- were turned off about five miniUes 
ago and I have to finish with a candle, so will cut it shoit and liope I am on the way home 
by the time you are reading this. 

Hoping this reaches you in as good health as it leaves me I am, 



' me. she is gav, as Wilson 


has arrived 0. K. Saw his 


•h time. I talk French lik 


e a fisli. Hope to hear from 


I am in is continually ni( 


iving I doubt much if I will 



As evei 



F. H. Messer, from his son, Lisle K. 
Dear Father: 

I am in gay Paris and 1 
smiling face twice in a jiara 
you soon but as liie organi 
ever get a letter. 

I mailed >(iii a s(>u\cnii-, a German helmet, which I hope you received 0. K. It is 
a helmet found iieai- Mt. Sec. Was taken from a dugout and was left behind in his hurry 
to get out of the American's fire or the owner was killed. It is not a very fine one but 
half (if t lie helmets in America are frauds. The boys are bringing back helmets from Metz 
that never saw a battle. Have merely been made to sell to Americans. Mt. Sec. is a 
hill that cost the allies 70, ()()() nuai to cajitui-e. We were stationed there some time. It 
was taken in the St. Mihiel driv(>. 

I do hope 1 am with you .soon and hope you are well, ^^'^ite me same atldre.ss. I 
am in Paris now and surely do enjoy myself but give me the V . S. A. The Parisians 
are a different class of people than elsewhere in France and are almost cosmopolitan. 

You can believe all the accounts of their celebrating Wilson. Today is the third day 
<'f it and the men on dray wagons are going along hitting their horses and hollering "Mve 
Wilson. " The Kue de Rivoli is as wide as Michigan Avenue and for a mile around De 
Opera ami ^iladi'line you never saw such crowds and hajipy and care free, appearing so 
after .so many yeais of war. And the Americans are the cause of it all; they are the heroes. 

I wish all Die boys in I'rance could be in Paris and see the gratitutle of the real French. 

Well, I may nii.ss something so will fiiush. 

Love to all. I am your son. 

Lisle R. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



From Sci'fit. (afterwards Lieut.) Sheiwooil Dixon. 

Fiunie, Hungary. Xcveniiier 27, lOlS. 
Dear Motlier; 

•■I liiiow tliat you luive often wondered wliere I have heen, and it looks as tliough 
the censorship has been relaxed, so I'm going to tell you the whole story, taking a ehanee 
on its going through. 

On June 6 we went from Camp Merritt to Weehawken, crossed the Hudson on a feii\-, 
and boarded the "Acquitania" at the Cunard docks. The business of loading took some 
time, for the ship carried considerable freight besides the 7,000 soldiers and the crew of 
1,500 so it was Saturday morning, June Sth, when we sailed out of New York hailioi', 
accompanied by several destroyers and aeroplanes. The planes took us out alniut two 
hours, but the destroyers stayed with us until dark, Ouv linat was too fast to tiavd in 

the wl'.ole trip, even though we weic cons 
which was docked next to us, and left a ( 
w'ere never in danger, though one of the j 
200 yards of us. 

We were met \iy a convoy of Britisl 
but we missed them, an<l didn't meet tliei 
ing of the 14th we pas,<ed the spot whei' 
Ireland. It was marki'd by tour large b 
the 1.5th we landed at Liverpool. 

It was almost noon before we got ash.i 
pained b>- a British band and the usual crowd of admiring kids, to the :Midlan(ls R, 1!. 
station, where we entrained. We had a f 
ham and several otlicr big cities to Soiitliauii)ton, \\ that time the sun set at about 
9:45 and it was twilight until elven, so it was hardly dark when we detrained and marched 
to a big camp in the direction of Salisbury plain, Th.ere we stayed for about a day — 
Southampton is a beautiful place, but tliey certainly handed out some rotten grub at the 
rest camp ther(>. 

We marched back into the city, to the docks and boarded the chamiel boat, "Viper," 
a very fast boat, capable of doing 35 knots, but rather small for a whole battalion. We 
sailed out of the harbor that evening, past all kind of craft, including several torpedoed 
ships, through the mine fields, past the lieautiful Isle of Wight, and dodged subs most 
of the night. I got a couple of hotus slee]) on the floor and woke up the next morning 
in Le Havre. We climbed through the city, which is very liill>-, and ended v\\) at Rest 
Camp No. 1, on the top of the highest hill of them all. We spent several days there, 
and that is where I saw Bob Ovington. I think that part of the Rainbow division 
had been there, judging from what people said, but at th.at time I hadn't learned 
enoi'gh French to understand more than 1 ]ier cent of what I heard. 

From Le Havre we took our first ride in tl;e "Chevaux S, Homines 40" cars that we 
were destined to become so familiar with. We rode about 24 hours, through a corner of 
Paris, (which we passed during the night, however), and quite a lot of interesting country 
to Foulain. It was from the little town of Foulain that we had one of our hardest hikes. 
We left the train at 6:30 p. m. and marched until 3 am. in the rain, up hill all tlie way. 
We were soft after tlie long rest, U'e were carrying extra heavy packs and wearing our light 
weight russet shoes, not our liolmails. Every village that came in view we thought we 
were goirg to stop at, and we sure]>- b_ad a lot of disappointments, because the villages. 



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WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTV, ILLINOIS 



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while most of tiiem were small, were |ii-eti>- close toiictlier 
we halted, and I just dimly renieinlicr ti->iii,ii to scat iii.^ 
and slippery, and I was tiretl. I didn't hit it sqiiaic slip 
where I fell sound asleep. While I was asleep, iiillets 
nie, and I stai>:gered into a iiearliy harn, where I spent tl 

The village was Donne-Marie, in the Depart ineiii 
southeast of Paris, and 24 kilometers from C'haiiinont . 
of having frequently visited was Nogent, a little |ilace 

We soon found out that we were goiiiij to Italy, and 
Italy seemed such an out of the way place, and I here s( 
France, but of course my wishes did not amount to much. We were all set to go when 
the Germans opened up their drive between Soissons and Rheims, about the middle of 
July. Of course you know what happened then at Chateau-Thierry. We were held in 
reserve there for ten days, until the tide of the liattk' turned and it was evident that we 
would not be needed. 

Then we marched to Foulain again, and boarded the train for Italy. We did not 
touch any of the big French cities on the trip, but we didn't miss much in northern Italy. 
We crossed the Alps, passing close to Mt. Blanc and going through an endless chain of 
timnels. At the entrance to one tunnel stood a French guard, and the last thing we saw 
l:)efore entering the tiiiinel was a little French village that siirroiuided the big hole. Then 
followed twenty minutes of darkness, and when we suddenly pojiped out into tlu' blind- 
ing sunlight again, there was an Italian guard staring us in the face, and we were in an 
Italian city of some size. I never did learn the name of it. 

Fleet ric locomotives were attached to our train, and we made a fast trip from there 
on. I have told you a great deal about our rece|)tion, so I needn't dwell upon that. 

We stojiped at Turino about 6 p. m. and staged a parade. The people went wild over 
us. fed US, threw flowers, and all that. Then we went on, and arrived in Milano in the 
morning. We spent a couple of hours there, and though we did not leave the station, 
we got a pretty good view of the city, for the train passed quite close to some of the most 
celebrated buildings. We passed through Breseia, and stopped at Verona, took a branch 
road and liacked up a few miles to the city of Villa-Franca. That w;is our first home 
ill Ital>-. It was there that we were reviewed bj' the King of Italy, and first became ac- 
(|iiaiiilcd with Jimmy Hare and the other photographers. 

We stayed several weeks in Villa-Franca, making Sunday excursions to X'erona, twelve 
mills away, and to other smaller places of interest. The first and second battalions were 
quartered in two nearby towns -Custoza and Soiiima Canipagiiia, so to get the regiment 
together, we were all moved to a level plain just outside of ^'aleggio, a little town on the 
edge of the niounlaiiis, where we .spent over a month m tents. 

There we stayed under a period of training in modern warfare — advancing under 
barrages, bombing, using lif|uid fire, and in fact, practicing almost every form of assault 

It was rather d.aiigeious work, 1 must ad.mit, and our battalion suffered more easiiah- 
ties there than the whole regiment did during the advance from Treviso to Cormons. 
1 lia\-c had some narrow csca|)es; oncc" a shell fragment as large as my forearm struck 
less than the breaillli of iii>- hand from where T lay— had it struck a rock, or even fallen 
in a different position, \-oiir son would now be toying with a harp instead of a 
fountain pen. A Inaicli nioiiar shell exploded within oO feet of where I lay. and by hs 



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WAR HIST ORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS THi 

li,.,l. A.lvaii.anu thnni-li thi.'k linish. nllr an.l ina.-lun.' -iin liull.'ts 
:1 in.', y.-t i hav.' n.'V.T InMai t..u.'li.Ml. 1 saw .mr laaiLaianl .-.ilon.'rs 
najoi's juiiular win .ait. an.l .l.iz.ais ..f my fri.ai.l> kiU.'.l an.l w.Min.lr.l 
cry lucky. ( )ii.' tini.' I saw a nian's lif.' sav.'.l l.y a pliiii .if t.ilia.v.i. 
..pp.Ml l.y 111. . .il.l s.iuar.. ,if ( liiiiax an.l tli.' man was m.avly l,niis,..l. 

().'t..l.<aw.Mii.iv,Mlupt.iTivvis.,an.llluavw.Mvally,ti.it int.i tliiii-s. 

Ih.av. .\ir l.attl.'s an.l artill.ay a.-ti.,n all th.' tini.'. WV w.av 
i.'s. scv.ai tiin.'s. Iiut ill.' Hritisli Ar.'lac mms w.av ,ii.i.iil pr.itr.l u.n. 
ippi'.l .111 ii> .11- anywh.av els.- wli.av inii.'h .lama-.' .'.iiiLl 1).' .l.m.'. 

starts, th.' l.i- push finally .ip.'ii.-.l. an.l. .'.uit lary t.i tli.' .iri-iiial 
ill.' assaiillnii; wav.'. Imt fonned a unit .if iii.iliilc r.'s.'i\-.'s. W'c 

nil. just n.irtli.'ast .if Trcviso, to the Piave at Craw Islan.l. The 

liv.' safety, an.l start. '.1 t.i w.iik up i.i th.' fnuH liii.'s. Kv.'rywher.' 
theiv were .lead, w.nin.l.'.l. an.l piis.m.'vs. .'apt luv.l st.ir.'s. .laina-.'.l an.l Miin.'.l t.iwiis, 
and all the evidence .if war. W.' walk.'.l .lay an.l niLiht. fnrcinji: .nir way i.i th.' front, 
marching and counter mari'hinu t.i tfank .l.'rr>- after w.' .m.-.' tint th.T.'. Our kitchens 
managed to stick with us f.u- tw.i .lays, luit tli.'ii w.' Inst ih.'iii. WV at.' .mr .'m.'rgency 
rations an.l ih.'ii lived .m an .i.'.'asi.mal ear .if .'.irn. Iiea.l .if .'al.lia.iie, .ir p.itat.i. that the 
retreating en. 'my ha.l I. 'ft. W'r i-.iul.l ii.it t.'ll whether th.' wells w.'r.' p.iis..ne<l .ir n.it. 
and we couldn't affor.l t.i tak.' a .'liance. For three days 1 .li.ln'i .liink a .Imp nf water. 
Luckily it was fairly c.miI. If th.' weather had been hot w.' w.nil.l hav.' b.'.'ii m ba.l shape. 
Finally I decided that I ha.l t.i .Iriiik so I laid in hiding n.'ar a w.'ll. an.l wait.'.l until I 
saw a woman .-.ini.' an.l .Iriiik fmm it. Tli.'ii I .'an I. '11 y.m that 1 liU.'.l up. Wli.'ii we 
made .'.mtacl with ,lerry w.' were pretty w.'ll in a. Ivan.'.' .if t he other lor.'. 's but the 
British managed finally to get some monkey meat to us an.l with some nourishing food 
under our Ixdts we put up quite a scrap. Our company f. nine. I the advance guard, and 
we drove through the open country, right on Fritzies' h.'cls. alm.ist at a run. The last 
town I remember was Valvasone, ab.mt thr.'.' mil.'s fi'.un an important bridg.' .m th.' 
Tagliameiit.i. The Tagly is 1500 yar.ls a.'r.iss, but is n.'arly .Iry most of th.' tiin.'. ami 
at this point there were six swift narrow channels in it. .l.'iry in>\ across on two 
railroad bridges and one foot bridge, which they fir.'.l an.l blew up as we approached, 
right on his heels, at dn.sk. Patrols from our conii)aiiy wa.led a.'r.iss whil.' we established 
a position on th.e west bank, an.l foiin.l the Austrians in a v.'iy strong positi.m b.'hin.l 
a dike, which wa,- lin.'.l with ma.'hin.' guns, .'ic. We kept thi'iu bii.<y until five .'.impaiii.'s 
came from befiin.l us. .l.'pl.iyed, fixed bayonets, and without a minute's rest went right 
over after them. It l.i.ike.l almost impossible to cross the white gravel in the moonlight, 
with all the fire .'.in.'enlrate.l on one spot, yet with no artillery supjiort excejit for one 
gun which fire.l n.it .iver ten shots, th.' Yanks went over the t.ip. When th.' nia.'hine 
guns opened up the Yanks w.'iit for them, instead of seeking cover, an.l this so surprise. 1 
the Austrians that they all turned — except those who couldn't — and fled. Our objective 
was the Austrian trenches, but some of the boys pushed on about five miles toCodroipo, and 
captured an immense supply of ammunition. After the assault, I took six men and ex- 
plore.l the riv.'r bed. but f.iiin.l ii.it hiiig aliv.'. Th.' n.'Xt .lay I took tifty m.'ii across with 
foo.l f.ir th.' 111. '11 in th.' a.haii.-ed s.'.'t.ir, an.l saw a I. it .if inti'r.'sting things. The same 
day the armistic.' was lirant.'.l. an.l we with.lrew to \'alva,-.iii.' f.ir a rest. That is. w.' 
were to have a r.'st. but th.' next morning we mov.'.I up to o.'.'upv th.' .'aptur.'.l territory. 



lied from (Hie 


luoniinji until the follow- 


arly (nic liiiii 


idrcd ]i(iuii(ls (111 the trip, 


hvd fur scvci- 


al.lays, and finally halted 


t(i Austi-ia a 


nd t(Kik (ivcr a cduplc of 



2£0 WAR H ISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

and our fii-st forced march was a terror. We mai 
ing nig;ht, with just two horn's resf. I carried i 
and it taxed my strength to the utmost. We ma 
at the border for three days. Then we moved 
buildings to sleejj in, at Cormons. 

That was the end of our hard work. We stayed there almost a week and rested up, 
then our battaltion fo(]k a train foi' Fiume, one battalion left on foot for Treviso, and the 
other lay motor truck for Venice, from there to go to Montenegro. 

Our sole purpose now is to keep peace in the family and see that everyone is treated 
properly. It is hard to tell how long we will be here, but it's a fine place, and it will not 
be a hardship to stay in Fiume all winter if we have to. 

I'll tell you about Fiume in my next letter. I believe this is the longest letter I have 
ever writt(>n in my life. 

Love to all, 

Sherwood. 

From Sergt. Ira W. Lewis, 12:3rd Field Artillery (formerly (ith Illinois). 

Doulaincourt, Haute-Marne, France, Dec. 5, 1918. 
Aly Dear Airs. Precsott: 

I have intended for a long time to write a long letter to you, but have had so little 
time to write and when a chance would come it would lu- so cold in the billet that 
we woukl have to keep Ijuntlled up wdth mittens on, and I couldn't write. It is warm 
enough today that we have our door open, blouses off, and no fire in the stove. It is 
quite warm for December (to us). It is a warmer climate here, anyway, than it is at home. 
People still leave their house plants out of doors daytimes most of the day, yet. Every 
house has a few geraniums, begonias and fuchias. 

Lloyd and I l)oth keep well except for colds. He is in conmiand of Headquarters 
company and eail>- in September had me transferred to his company and just recently 
has put me in for supply sergeant and since then I have been especially busy. 

We have been at th(- front for a long tini(\ leaving the training camp at Valdahou, 
the 2211(1 of August. ( )ur Hi'st drive started the 12th of September in the St. Mihiel Salient 
and our part (artillery) lasted one night and one day. We took the Germans completely 
by surprise as we started the drive at one o'clock in the night and in the rain, and the 
(iei-mans did not think that the Americans w^ould start a drive under those conditions. 
They retreated in a hurry and only answ(>red back with five shots. Some of our men 
found where they had left a meal parth- prepared, potatoes peeled and canned meats 
and vegetables opened. Some of our men were ordered to go ahead during the barrage 
and turn around the cannons, which the Germans in their hurry had left behind them, 
and fire their ammunition back after them. During all our marches at the front we found 
ever so maii>- ( ierman cannon which liad been turned around and shot back after them. 

Our next drive, in the .Vrgonne Inrest , northwest of \'er(lun, started the 25th of Septem- 
ber and we were relievetl liy other artillerx' and sent back to a rest camp where we have 
been for six weeks or more. 

We had a good many narrow escapes while at the front. I hav(> slept or tried to sleep 
night after night with shells flying through the air thick and fast, coming from all direc- 
tions, but my number was not called and I got thi-oiigh if safe. lather those German 
shells were no good or I was not worth killing. 

< >ne place where we camped was in tlie edge of a forest on the Von Hindenburg line 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



and SOllU' iif "Ul- liicil slept ill llii' (li'lliKin (llliiiiuls. .Illst (iX'cr the \v;i>- IVoiii where we 
campetl was an open iiieadnw ami in nne cdiner o)' this nieadow we liuiii'il tlMit>- men 
from our Ijnomle. It wa^i a veiy sad sitihi . luit sa.ldest ni all was Ic see Ihree Krothers 
laid side In- side in one grave. Whai an awful slidi'k it must have lieen to the imhu- nmthei- 
when she received the news ol' the son's deatlis. Ti'.ey liejoniied to another regiment of 
artillery and were iiassed. 

Another place where we camped was in the open on the side of a hill (.verlo.ikm- "Heirs 
Valley,- a veiy l.eauliful valley all tinckly settle.l with troops in shelter tents. At one 
end of this valley was a t,,wn. .Monttaucon. wrerke.l, rumed. solitary, and .loerle.l. One 
niiihl a shell lit ahout lid yards from where I was skvpin- and explod.ed near the picket 
line, killin- IS h.orses. and injurin.ii others, some of which had to 1 e killed.. ( tth.Ts would 
live. 

This same ni-ht one man was sle<.pin,ii with his 1,1,, use h.lde.l up under his h.'a.l for 
a pill.,w and in another t.ait a man was usinti his rul,l,er hip hoots h,r a pill(,w an.l hotli 
boots anil l,lous<' wen> t(,rn 1,>- pieces i,f shell hut ih.e nieii unhurt. F(,ur men who slc|it 
so near th.e jncki't line that one of the hor-e- in falliiiLi just missed their tents were not 
hurt at all when the IS horses were killed. In an,,ther tent one man lai.l his steel liehiiet 
near his head and a piece of shell was driven throu^li the helmet, leaviiiii hol.^s larger 
than a silvia' dollar, but the man was unhurt, only nearly di'atened l,y the ni,ise. A piece 
of sh.ell was ilri\-en through five shelter tents in succession, in a row. but none of the men 
in them were hurt. 

These instances all happene.l the same niiiht but not b'om the same shell. Surely 
"tlie an-el of the Lord cncanipeth r,,und about tho.<e th.at fear Ilim an.l d.eliv.avth them." 

Tl:e objective in our first drive in the St. Mihiel sector was AIi,iitsi'<\ a town ami lar.iic 
mountain by the same name, about six and a half miles east of St. Mihiel. and both Mont- 
sec and the Argonne forest were considered about the hardest secti,is t(, capture on acc(,imt 
of lieing so strongly fortified, previously, and so hard to advance on. but we irot back 
from 6 to 10 kilometers with our heavy artillery and shelled them from 12 to l.i hours 
at a time, then adv:inced our artillery while the light artillery and machine guns protected 

France is a very prett.y and interesting country and has seen some terrible wars since 
its history began. We fought over the same ground where Caesar's Bailie wars took 
place and where Napoleon lived and conquered. We received our 3^2 weeks training 
in artilli'iy in the "foothills of the Al])s," 

How is everyone in Dixon that I know and am interested in'.' Keniembcr me to Georgt', 
Homer, Daisy, '.luliet and Mabel and their bimilies. 

There's no fighting going on now. but we don't know how soon we are going to leave 
for home. 

Lloyd .sends his best regards to all, too. With kintlest regards from. 

La W. Lewis. 
Hdq. Co.. 123rd F. A. 

P. S.— Out of our wli(,le regiment only seven men were killed in action and three <lied 
from natural caus(>s. Three of the .seven were from C Battery, ami six of the seven were 
from the 2ih1 Battalion. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



.lune 28, 191S. 



Dear Fr 



Am iinl suiv whctb.ci- 1 <i\v(' you a letter oi' iKit, U>r it has liecii some siinc since eitl'.er 
(if us has wi-itten. liut if 1 am out of turn yuu may make it up whenever ynu please. You 
ai-e supiioseil to lauu:li now. foi- that is a joke. 

There is so much to write an<l so much that can't lie sai<l on account of th.e censorshi|> 
that I <lon't know wh.eir to l.eiiin. Tli<' tri|) alone is worth anyone's time for w(> have 
seen thini^s and lieen to places that we never coulil have met with in civil hie. The greatest 
drawback is in losing connections with one's friends. Haven't had a line of mail since 
leaving Doniphan and don't know whei-e any of my army pals are located. You will 
have to tell me all over again where the F. G. boys are and in particular Claud Businga, 
Bill Chngan and Charles Baker. From wh.at I have heard in the last few days I ratlier 
think I can guess pretty close to where Roger is likely to be. His branch of the service 
is pretty busy gettuig a great i-eputation in France just now. Would siu'ely like to meet 

Now. a little attempt to describe the trip. You have had some little traveling around 
till' r. S.. I)\it I think you will appreciate this side of the Atlantic much better than most 
of the fellows who came over here to fight. England and France are both beautiful in 
the country, although 1 like France th.e better. The whole coimtry is gre(>n 
and hedges and crops, and everything that grows shows the care that it receives. Thei-e 
are all kinds of fruits and berries, lots of grapes and I have never seen so many and such 
lovely flowers, both wild and domesticated. Everything is a lot different than at home. 
The buildings are all made of stone, also many of the fences, and where they are not en- 
tii-ely covered with vines they show that they were built some time ago. The fields are 
mostly small and ai'e fenced with hedges and trees into all kinds of irregular shapes. Then, 
there are chateaux with their old architecture and their well kept grounds and parks. 
Some country for a camera if it could be used. In the towns France is prettier than Eng- 
land, for the latter is all alike. Everyone lives in villages and everyone's house is just 
like the ivst, not vei-y attractive either. In France, alth.ough they live in villages, yet 
they show some kinds of style. Tlie peo|)k' are fine and are glad to see us here, especially 
the youngsters and the fellows have a great time l(>ai-miig and teaching the languages. 

We are billeted in a little old village in a viay (|uaint old-fashioned jirovince and our 
battery sleeps in w'hat were once bowling alleys. Better than tents, if we do sleep on the 
ground. Get plenty to eat and after a few horrible days at first we are now getting plenty 
of tobacco. We are training a little harder than in the states and learning lots of new 
stuff all of the time. Never felt finer in my life antl am as anxious as anyone else to get 
into action. 

We had an awful workout today, and the good thing about it was that we had a chance 
to go swimming after the work was done. .\m soii' and stiff all o\-er. Somebody just 
came in and said that mail had arrived and this is going to wind up in a rush. Be sure 
to write whenever you can and tell "Ottie" that I haven't received an answer to my last 
letter. Don't be afraid to tell me all the news. A fellow can't help getting just a little 
homesick once in a while. The following address will reach me anywhere: 

drover Lott. 
Batterv D, 12S F. A., A. E. F. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Dear Folks: 

An order I'as rdinc iImouhIi iiuikiiiii 
now WP can vww tell where we are. 



Iklse 



IS iiiileli iiKire 1 


enii'iil SCI that 


viUaf^e al.uul 1 


like Wuosun-, 


one Main stre 


et and are all 


istanee, a ten i 


■ent chocolate 


cjly. Y,.iikn.,N 


V the Ciermans 


ar lie-an, s<i tin 


ni!;s are nearly 


M.l.' .-Iiar-e Am 


ericans lusher 



exccin. of course tliat the honses are Iniilt on eithei- side 
construcled of stone. 

Things to eal ai<> i niiioiisly hi'^li in Luxemburg. For 
bar costs about 10 marks i.'<2.."(li and cxci-ything else accordingl>' 
have just evacuated th.c conntr> for th.e first time since th^ 
as scarce as they are in (lernian.w Then, of course, the 
prices because they know that the soltHia-s liave tlic money ami will sjieiid it. We lose 
much moiaw also in exchaiitiui- om' liood fran.'s for the rapidly .lepivciating Cerman 
marks, which seem to he the standard .airivncy here. 

Today, Thanksgiving, we had a g 1 meal although none of the men got turkey or 

the tiimmings this year. \\'e had roast pork, mashi-d jioiatoes, cabbage, sauce, k'ttuce 
salad, bread, coffee, aiiple pie and jam- the best army nu'al I have eaten in many a day. 
AVe had a half holiday this afterno('.ii. Yesterday I had a pass to the city of Luxemburg, 
the capital of the Duchy. I went in on the train, about Ik", kilometers, arriving about 
9:30 a.m.. and lea\ing at 7:00 p. m. It was the fir.st iiass I ha<l like that since 1 left New 
York. I certainly enjoyed myself, although it cost me plenty tor meals, etc. The city 
is a regular place, with a iifijudation, I shoukl judge of about 11)0, 000. Am sending under 
separate cover some picture |)ostcar<ls of Luxemlnu-g as well as of St. Leger and Arlon, 
two nice Belgian towns which we stayed in ovei' night. 

The cathedral at Arlon is a wonderful church, the grandest I have ever seen. As 
previously mentioned, am sending a package of small souvenirs: Post cards, coins, paper 
money of four countries, six months' .sei'vice stripe, etc. Y'ou can tell what the things 
are by looking at them. 

The German postcards were left by RocT.e soldiers in their hurrieil retreat in the St. 
Mih.iel sector. One .sheet is C.erman propaganda asking peace, that was dropped from 
th.e clouds by a ( ierman aviator while we were in our second position in the Verdun fight 
aliout a month ago. One side is to the American soldiers, the other to the Frenchmen. 
The people of Luxemburg seem to be strongly pro-ally. 

We boarded the S. S. President Lincoln at Hoboken. N. .1.. Oct. IS. I017, and left 
the three mile limit Oct. 19. We were on the water until Oct. 31 when we arrived in the 
harbor of St. Nazaire at the mouth of the Loire river. I heani last spring thai the Presi- 
dent Lincoln was sunk by a sulimarine. 

We stayed in the boat three days and in a camj) otUsiile of town ten days inoic, then 
we went about 60 miles north of St. Xazaire to Napoleon's old artillery camj). (.'amp 
de Coetquidan, 30 miles south of the city of Uennes. We stayed there until k'eb. ISth, 
getting horses and training with our French T.") guns on the range. 

Then we went clear across France to Luneville in French Lorraine in little box cars, 
the journey taking three days and four nights. We passed through Rennes, 'Versailles, 
Gorheviller, and other cities, seeing the Eiffel tower of Paris in the distance. The weather 
was bitter cold and we sure had a long cold ride. We left Luneville sector March 22nd, 
marching back to Roseliers where we spent nearly a week resting, then we marched to the 
Baccarat sector nearbv. 



224 WAR HISTORy OF LEE COUNTS, ILLINOIS 

We held this sector over lUU days aiul then entrained at Chai-nies, passinii thmiiiih 
Totil and Nancy, arriving at Chalons, June 25th. 

We fought the second battle of the Marne (Champagne) ,Iuly 14 to 19, then marched 
to Vitry-le-ville and entrained .Inly 22, passing through Vitry-le-Franc.,is. Aleaux, Pahis 
suliurl.s, to Trilpoit hehm.l the Chateau-Thierry front. We went into action about .July 
30, driving the tiermans to tb.e \'esle river as far north as Fisnies. We were relieved Aug- 
ust 10th and marched back through Chateau-Thierry to Trilport again, entraining and 
going east again through Epernay, the Champagne manufacturing city, to Romain-sur- 
Meuse, a <'onsiderabl<' distance beh.in.l the front, 

\\'e rested there ten days, then we niarch.ed through Xeufchateau, near Domremy, 
and Toul. to the St. Mihiel sector, Tb.e farthest we ever were on tb.e battle line was 
Chateau-Thiei'rx'. 

W>ran the Cermans ragged in the St. Alibiel sectoi' and then started marching October 
1 to the Verdun secloi', tb.e guns going irdo postion neai' Alontfaucon in the .\rgonne 
forest where tlie ti-ees are all ^l!ot off to witlnn a b'W teet of the ground and tb.e ground 
is pitted with shell holes. 

About October 13 the guns moved we^t ncai- .\primont and (irandpre. The big attack 
was renewed here on Oct. 31, our ti-oops di-iving tb.e < icrmans to Sedan near the iKirthei'ii 
boundary of b'lance. the 12nd division being the fir.^t to enler the cit>-. On tb.e night of 
Nov. 4th I came within an ace of hieing "knocked off" by airplane bombs, but escaped 
unharme( 1 . 

About Nov. lOth oui- division was relii've.l and marched back to Havricourt near 
Bouzancy. We were re-e(|uii)ped to follow the Cermaii retreat, the armistice having 

been signed, and began marching north and east on Nov. i4th, through Imecourt, Sun- 
sur-Meuse, Aincerville, Breheir-ville, Thonnes-les-Pres. Alontmedy, St. Leger, (Belgium), 
Vitron (Belgium), Arlon (Belgium), to Buschdoi-f. ( Luxembuig), where we now are. 

We went through the most dirty and unhealthy sui roundings. dead men and b.orses, 
flies, maggots, etc., at Chateau Thierry. St. Afibiel was the easiest Hght. 

Get a large map of France and b)llow our movements. Do not think y<ai will have any 
trouble doing it if the map is large enough to show every little village. Hope this long 
letter will intei'(st vou. 



Much lov( 



Lawrence [M'G: 



From Carl Kliiig, of the 140th Field Artillery, 42n(I (Rainbow) Division, Residence, 
Dixon, Illinois. 

"We sailed Oct. ISth, 1917 and reached St.Nazaire a week later. The 149th Regiment 
42nd Div. in which I was telephone man in the Headquarters Company was sent to train 
three months in the mud at Brittany near Rennes. We were then sent to Luneville 
in Alsace to hold the trenches, under the direction of the 47th French Artillery, the crack 
regiment of the Allies. It was here tb.at my duties were shown and their difficulty tested. 

Maintained Line. 

I had to see that tb.e telephone wires between the artillery and the infantry were in- 
tact and continually adjusted to the advancing line. We moved so fast that this alone 
woulil make a job lor a corps. We were under a continual shell fire that every da>' tore 
oui- caietully laid hn(> to pieces, and the ai-tiller>- was put out of connection with the in- 
fant I'v, and bad to ivly on runners. This gave me an idea of the job in front of me. We 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



stayed ill this sector for three weeks, then moved lo ISacaict. iii Leu raiiie, where we slaved 
for (wo months, meeting only with occasional laidinii pai-lies. W'lien we made a raid 
our liairaiie was so dense that we took few piisoners, tinchnjj, most ol' the (iermans dead, 
havinii l.eeii killed by our gun fire. Thomujihly M'asoned for oui- task we wcav tlieii moved 
to the SuipiK' sector on the Cliaiupagne front, whiac we were undei- the (Hreeiion ol' ( len. 
Gourand of the 4th French Aiiny, the only .\meiican division having the honoi'. 'I'here 
we experienced some great diriieidt>- in adjusting our wiics. ( )n (lie moi-ning of .lul.\' l.llh, 
American intelligence men le.aiiied of (lie gical ( leinian otieiisive set for niidniiilit . 15 
miniKes l)ef(i|-e that time fire was opened with ever eneri'asing force. 

Right on Schedule. 

The great Cerm.an harrage th.ai .iiHaied on sejiedule time, just at midniglit. Both 
lines were m semi-cucular posKioii and there was a giant circle of contmued Hame and 
the roar was so great that a 77 nearby^ was shooting all the time without our knowing it. 
Veterans of all drives said that that fire was the greatest that (he war had seen, and it 
became famous as the million dollar barrage. Our detaelmien( was camnuflng(>fl and 
suffered comparatively few casualities, but tiie wires were all cut (o pieces. 'I"l:e ( lianians 
advanced 200 yards and then retreated. That broke their attempt al att.-ieking, and 
incidentally their entire western offensive. During that othnsive tln^ New York and 
Alabama regiments, the 165th and 167th were merged with the f'lvneh Ch.as.-^euis for 
tactical purposes, ^^^lere I was, German dead were ])iled up four and five deep, while 
American casualitii's were extremely litilit. 







Good Friend Killed 




"Ag 1 frien, 


il (.)f mil 


le, Lieut. Cowan of Xollll Shore, Clue; 


;igo, was ki 


was standing witl 


1 two Fi 


■elH'h ofHeers when a 77 shell ex|)l(»!e(l i 


n licmt of 


was kilh.l but tl 


!<■ Fren. 


I'll were untouehecl. There an .\merie 


an |)lane ( 


enemy balloons i 


n one a 


fieri 1. There were other exciting : 


lir battles. 



At one lime 

in a fight in midheaven, two enemy planes were l:>rought down by our planes, while a 
third was downed by anti-aircraft guns, all three were falling at once. This ended the 
activities on the Champagne front and we were sent to Chateau Thierry sector. There 
the Americans advanced so fast that we had :i hanl time eatcliing up with th.e wires. At 
the Ourcq river we relieved the Oth Div.and wi nt in hard tigliting. \\'e passed the river 
and advanced as far as Fere-en-Tanlenois, 

Forced to Withdraw 

"The Germans withdrew from that town, l)Ut shelled it heavil>- when we ocaaipied 
it, so we withdrew. When they entered we liomlianled. it until they withdrew. The 
same round occurred for four days until we Hanked the town and took it for good. We 
then advained ftlrth.er and took'Fi>mes, 1 ut heiv the fighting was h.ar.l because of bad 
roads and guerilla wailare. We worked all day, all night and the next day laying wires 
and when we caught up with the division we founil that they had captured 5,000 prisoners 
and had made 15 miles. We closed up the salient and then dug in. This made my work 
easier and we perfected the wire system. We th.cn moved to the Argonne where the 
ca.sualities wove even heavier than in Thierry. In the forest fighting (he infantry would 
go first to find the location of the mach.ine gun nests. Having placed them by being 
shot to pieces, they would phone over to the artiller>- headiiuarters wh.ich woukl put the 
nest under heavy gun fire. The thick underbrush made machine gun fighting easy, es- 
pecially when the Germans made dug-outs of I'einforeed concrete for gunners. Then the 
infantry crawled over to the pill-boxes and tossed hand grenades into them, provided 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



that the gunners did not see them first. We had worked hard and were sent into the 
reserve near Grandpre. There, while I was resting a high explosive shell burst near me 
and a fragment hit me above the left eye. I was immeiliately treated, Init that eye is 
lost. I stayed in the hospitals tliei-e for months and then was sent over here. I am feeling 
in fine shape and am glad tliat I went over. I expect to sec Dixon soon, but New York 
is all there, and the Red Ci-uss is making it pleasant." 

From Private Otto B. Blum, 264 Vo.. 132 M. P. Bn.. A. P. (_). Xo. 702, A. E. F. 

Paris, France, Jan. 18, 1919. 
Dear Mothei-: 

Will wi'ite you a lew lines and let you know that I am feeling fine- and hojie you are the 
same. 

Well, I have moved again and am stationed in the sui)urbs of Paris and expect to be 
doing jVI. P. duty in Paris in a few days. Landed here at two o'clock in the morning. 
When we got off the train, I got on a truck and rode through the main part of town and out 
to the camp. Sure is some town. Went up town last night on the sub-way, but didn't 
have much time to look around, as I had to be back by ten o'clock. Like th.e place here 
fine, get plenty to eat and can buy all the candy and smokes I want. 

Was up to the American Red Cross headquarters last night and got a sweater, towel, 
one pair of socks, soap, tooth-powder, comfort kit, and a suit of pajamas. Don't you think 
I need the pajamas? Ha! Ha! The sweater and socks are just Uke the kind that you 
made. All I had to do was to give my name and the company I belong to. Anyone 
can get some if he hasn't had anything from the Red Cross. Sure was glad to get it. 
After I came out of there, I went to the Red Cross canteen and got a good supper, all for 
seventy-five centimes, which is fifteen cents. There are quite a few American Red Cross 
nurses here in Paris. Seems good to talk to some one that can talk English. 

I heard that my old company I used to be with, left for home a few days after 1 was 
pickedfor this M. P. duty, but thenif they won't keep me over here too long, it will be well 
worth the time, as I have seen quite a bit of France since I left the com)ian>'. Sui-e h.ave 
a bunch of our boys over here. You ran see some in nearly every town yim go tlirough, 
or most any other kind of a soldier. 

I expect it is pretty cold at home now. The weather liciv isn't very cold, liut we get 
plenty of rain. 

Hope I will get some mail from home, while I am here, as I am getting pretty anxious 
to hear from you. Sure is some time since I heard from you. Would like to have gotten 
home this winter, but then if I can't, thei-e is no use of thinking about it. 

Well, that is about all I ran think of, so don't worry about me 
fine and will be home some ilay. 

Best I'cgards 



as 


1 : 


ini 


ge 


tting along 


to 
he 


all, 
r, ( 


'h.a 


rlc 


Otto. 
s T. Smith 


•an 


ce. 


X 


ov. 


, 28, 1918. 



Letter from Private (later Lieutenant) Raymond ('. Smith to his fa 
Amboy, Illinois. 

Langrcs, F 
Dear Father: 

I read in the paper last night that the boys of the A. E. F. were all going to write their 
Fathers a " Fathom's Xmas letter" or a. "Victory Letter" on November 24th. I did not 
know about it then but can write it now anyway. The letter is of course, to the whole 
family as well and I will also make it my "Thanksgiving Letter", to you all. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Tins Is TlKinksiiiviiiii day an<l alllio I am a loiiii way fioiii lionic, still I am llimkiiiii 
of you viT>- iiuicli, aii.l wiitiiiK to you maki-s uw nijoy the day more. 1 rainii.1 help 
thinking what a difference a few years makes. A few years ago the Tlianksgiving dmner 
was a big affair with relatives coming from all over and it was the occasion for a big family 
reunion. Now today there is such a difference. \\'(' children have grown up and there 
is no more the big tlock of grandchildren jtlaying about, but rather a grou]) of yotiiig mm 

Now this year what few there could be at a reunion are scattereil all over. I don't know 
of course what you are doing today, but I can imagine, and am thinking of you as having 
a little dinner together, just father, mother. Aunt Julia and possibly Luella. The girls 
probably coiilil not get home and are making the best of it up at school. 1 also am away, 
liut am i)robalil\- having the hapjiiest day of any of you as 1 sii|i|)ose that \ou folks at home 
are sympathizing with us. 1 am very happy to just be able to write ami think about 
you all and know that I am coming home to you some day. I used to be afraiil to thud-; 
of ever coming home as it seemed almost an imoossibilit>' for one to go thru so many scrajjes 
alive. The boys kept going one after another until there were only a few of our original 
bunch left who were not either killed or wounded and it seemed highly improbable that 
I would last much longer, but I cHd, and now I have the pleasure of thinking of coming 
home and seeing j'ou all again. I have learned one lesson from the experiences that I 
have gone through, and that is, that a man is a man and that what he actually is, is 
what Counts and not his social position or wealth. I ilon't believe that 1 ever .•oul.l 
have k'arne.l that any other way and 1 know that I will be a mtich better man tor kiiow- 

1 was, of course, vry iiiexperi<>iie<'d and ehil.lish when I j,,ined the army as 1 nev<'r 
had any cares or responsibilities and really did not know a thing about this world. I 
can imderstand many things now, that I ne\-er tliought of liefore. 

Today, is Thanksgiving and whether wi' eat turkey or army lieans, makes very little 
difference. It is the spirit that cotmts. I thiid< we have many things to be thankful 
for this year. All of us are well and comfortably situated. The girls have the opport- 
unity of getting an education. I am very thankful that I am alive and am in good health 
and have a sound body with no legs or arms missing and my lungs good and not all eaten 
up by mustard gas. I am also very thankful and hapj^y to be able to look forward to seeing 
you all again soon. 

Today, is a typical French tlay. It is foggy and very muddy due to the rain of la.st 
four or five days. It is not verj^ cold but we wear our overcoats as the dampness chills 
you right thru. It is now about 10:00 o'clock a. m. We had griddle cakes and syrup 
for breakfast. I had three large cakes and I could have had more, so you see they gave 
us a good Thanksgiving breakfast. We are going to have beefsteak and potatoes for dinner 
and that will make us a good dinner too. We have the day off and also got to sleep until 
6:30 instead of 5:30 as usual. On account of this being a school they work us very long 
hours and we ordinarily have breakfast before daylight and supper way after dark. How- 
ever, I think that we will get away from here soon and then it will be nnich easier. I 
have enjoyed the work here as I have learned many things tliat will be of great help to 
me in civilian life, and many things that one should know. Most of the work has iieen 
along construction lines, such as road building, bridges, mining, etc. Under mining, 
we learned all about tunneling underground thru earth and also solid rock and excava- 
tions in general. We are studying bridges now this week. Yesterday, we worked all 
day in the rain building pontoon bridges and rafts, etc. The day before we worketl on 



WAR HI3T0RV OF LEE COUNTS, ILLINOIS 



steel l)ridge.s and the clay before that on wooden l)ridges and trestle woik. Of cmu-se, 
we don't get the whole business, but we do get a general idea so that we i-ouM easily take 
a bunch of men and build the different bridges. 

We were, of coiu-se, a httle disappointed in not .lictlinii ruiiuiiissions, but then don't 
mind as tlie war is ovc'r and I think I will get home (luiekcron account of not having one. 

The war is over now and I can write you a few of the places I have been in. We went 
from Brest to Encourt (a small town near Abbyville near the Eng. Channel) and were in 
training there for a little over a month. We went from there to Oamaches a larger town 
and from there to Molliens au Bois, a village just west of and a little north of Amiens. 
This was our base of operations and we would go from there up to the trenches between 
Amiens and Albert. The Hop over of Juh- 4tli was at Hammel a little village east of 
Amiens and not far from Villers Breteneau. We were up around those towns until we left 
the British sector and went down to the Verdun front. Here we were in a town near Bar 
Le Due for two weeks during which time I drove a t iiick Inr a week as I wrote you. We 
then went to the trenches and were there until I came to this school. We were holding 
the line north of Verdun. I used to go out on a patrol nearly every night up into Regne- 
ville, a ruined village in no-man's land and right on the Meuse River. It was while there 
that we got the Ijlackberries and made the jam, etc. We hopped over from there and took 
the town of Forges and Forges Woods and stopped and dug in along the river just across 
from Consenvoy which was still in German hands. From there I came to Langres and the 
school is near Fort St. Meuge, about five miles north of Langres. and now that tlie war 
is over I don't know where I will go next. 

Yesterday, or last night rather, after having worked all day in the rain 1 came in and 
found a letter awaiting me, the first since I came to the school and you may imagine my 
delight at getting it. It was from Rachel and Ruth and was dated Nov. 11th and just 
took two weeks coming across. It was the letter telling of mother's visit to them and the 
celebration of the news of peace. I sm-ely enjoyed the letter and was especially glad 
to hear that mother had been witli the girls and the good times they had together, etc., 
going to Uncle Elmer's, etc. 

Thanksgiving dimiei-. I w<iuld 



Well, I nmst stop now I gu 


ess and get readv for n 


like to sit down with you folks 


but will have a g I ti 


to Aunt .lidia an<l the girls, as 


it is for them, too, of 




Noveml)er.30, 1918. 


P. S. I had a very iil(>asai 


It Thaidvsgiving Day ai 


letters from you an.l father and 


the girls and >-ou can in 


them. I spent the whole evenii 


ig in rea(hng them and 


keep from shouting with jo>-. 




I haven't time to answer th( 


■ni toiiigiu but will, soo 


tif)iis for ap|)ointnient as 2nd 


Lieutenant. 



Pass this letter around 
Well, good-bye. 
With love. 



' evening, I recei^ 
iw happy I was to 
of them' and coul.' 



I passed 



Letter from Henry P. Klein. .Jr., to his mother, Amia Klein, and sister Stella, at Amboy, 111. 

Bourges, France, .May 2S. 1919 
Dear F,,lks: 

Well. I have i-el\nne,l back lionie to l^ourges and will have to tell you about my trip 
to Paris and the balllc front. We left Poni-ges Saturday morning at six-ten; there were 
about lhirtv-fi\c <if us, o|- about half of the ('onu)anv. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



ilHlh, 


a.l.l 


iiiiiicr. al' 


tei- ilinner 




\\v 


Haw ma 


nv (if tlie 


Luu- 


we, 


Pantheon, several 


tur (1 


if George Washington 


y p.M 


W 

,plr. 


e rode a 

. At tlM 


roniiil the 
■ee./cl(.ek 


rtlv > 


iirlV 


icclin,'.: 


UHl partly 






(1 at \Vi 
there. 


•saiU. s we 
I will nut 


iirari 


,,„n 


, l.nt 


^a^ 


;e sent >' 


.,u a iMM.k 


'care 


Tu 


'■.\\\ IS \l> 


lu-signe.l 


all al 


(lilt 


, as well 


as lieanti- 



We arrive.l in Paris at noun, went at cnce tu ilie l!e.l ( loss 
the Y. M. t". A. t(H,k us for a sidit se.ang trip annmd the C 
famous buiklings, such as the Invalules, Napoleon's tcmili. th 
cathedrals, Eiffel Tower, President Wilson's Paris honn', st: 
given l)y women of America to Paris; Arch of Triumph, etc. 
('if\- foi- aldul two Ihhus in tl'.e large auto busses that hold thii-t>' pe^ 
we started for \'ersailles, we rode on the electric line which is pai 
snli-wa>'; they sure make hue time in the suh-ways. ^^ hen v 
went at once to the Palace of l,o\us XIV which is the mam at 
attempt to describe the betuuiful rooms and halls in ike Palace 
of views taken of the different rooms. Tlie mom in wliich ike V^ 
is part of the palace. We were shown into it. theic are m 
ful paintings, etc. W'r were shown the table on wlich the Triaty is to lie signed. I 
was looking at it and noticed it was engraved on the top so took a jiiece of paper and pencil 
and made a rubljing. 1 will enclose it in tins letter so you can see what it looks like. 

We returned to Paris for supper and then left for Rheims at 9:30; rode all night arriving 
thei-e at (i o'clock, had breakfast and started out at once to see the ruins. It is haid to 
describe thes<" ruined Cities. Ab.mt all you can say is that you saw great pdes of st.mes 
and a h^w slandmg walls. Th.e mam thing of interest is th.e calhe,h-al at lilieims: this 
was considei'cd the most beautiful one in France but now is a pile of ruins. After a stay 
of a few- hours we left for Soissons another ruined City. All along the way we could look 
out of the car window and see lines of trenches, dug-outs and barbwire entanglements, 
as well as shell holes, shattered trees, d.'stroyed farm h.ou-es. ,.tc. 

We arrived at Soiss,.ns in lime lor dmner and after d.uiii.a- mad.e a tri]) to the trenches 
about two nnles outside of the City. The Y. M. C. A. fui-nished us a truck so we diiln't 
hav(> to hike. 

We .saw about the same kind of destruction here, but more of it. There were anununi- 
tion clumps all around, eriuipment of all kinds, a large ci'metei\'. containing graves ol French, 
American, Boche, Enghsh and other countries, who had fallen there in battle. After 
a couple of hours we reftu-ned to the City and boardeil anoiher train for Fismes. We 
reached this City aliout two o'clock that afternoon and looked at the ruins of this City. 
There is a large American Cemetery just outside of the City containing two thousand 
graves. The graves are all marked by white crosses which have tin- man's identification 
tag fa.stened on it. I suppose in time the name in full will be ])ainted on the i-rosses as 
well as age, etc. ( )n some of the crosses you can .see writing put there by a brother or 
comi"ade telling of liia\ei-y or (ither action. 

It is very hard to find places to eat in these ruined Cities where the" Y"or Red Cross 
are not located. I wish you could have seen another fellow and I eating supper this 
night. We had to look up j^laces with the different families as there were no hotels or 
restaurants. We finally found :i madame who consented to feed us. The house had 
been hit and the upper part had fallen which left only the basement, and this had several 
holes in the walls, but we h.ad a good meal anyway. 

We left Fismes at seven o'clock for Paris, arrived in Paris about 12 o'clock that night. 
Went at once to the Y. M. C. A. hotel and got rooms for the night and believe me, we 
"coushaded" some that night, had been riding on the train jireviotis two nights and were 
"beaucoup fatigue". Ask some of the h'Uows who have I'etui-ned home how comfort- 
able the French coaches are. I think tl'.ey can probably describe tlu>m perfectly. You 
liuv a first cla.ss ticket and will iimbablv have to ride thini cki.ss. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



paitirular 


was th 


We ate 


.luinci 


the walls i 


iisi.lr a 



Well, the next day we jnit in seeing more of Paris. The first place we visited was the 
" PaiitliiMiii i\r la ('iiieric" This is a famous picture of the war; it shows heroes of all 
nations and is s(i natural that >-()U think the people are standino; there in person. It was 
commenred in 101 t the first yeai- of the war and just recently finished. Took seventeen 
artists to do the w(irk and is wonderful. 

The next ])lace we visited was Napoleon's Tomb and the Invalides. In the Invalides 
we saw inan>- war relics of years ago, as well as some of the recent great war. One in 
large German Zeppelin ca]5tured by the Allies. 

It the "Palais ile (dace" (palace of glass) it is a wonderful building; 
■ covered by mirrors. After dinner we took a boai ride on the Seine 
river to St. ( 'loud abotit ten miles fr(an Paris. Hei-e we saw th.e ruins of one of Napoleon's 
Castles which was ilesticiyed by the (lermans man>- years ago in a war they waged against 
the French. 

We returned to Paris ahout four o'cl.ick and vIsIKmI the Eiffel Tower, and -Big Wheel" 
(Ferris Wheel). The Tower is in use now as an aerial for a wireless station. It is one 
thousand feet high, a wonderful structure. Also, had a ride on the Ferris \\lieel, this is 
380 feet high and when we stopped at the top could see all over the City. The guide 
pointed out several places shells had hit when the german "Big Bertha" was shelling the 
City. 

Left Paris at seven o'clock that i 
morning, and had a job waiting for us. 
so it sort of piled up on them. 

W'ill trv and send vou some of tin 



>iit and returned 


to Bourges 


about eight the next 


Only h.alf oi theci 


)mpany rem 


ained to do the work, 


views of the I'uins 


we saw wh 


ile away. 




L( 


)vingly, 


panv A, 329th Bn 


.. Tank Cor 


ps, A. P. O. No. 714, 


E. F., France. 







Am fine as ever. 
From Sei-geant (ieorge P. Dysart 

Dear Dad: France. Nov. 24, 191S. 

As the "Stars and Srlijies" said in the last issue, tod.ay is the day that everybody 
in th.e A. Iv F. writes a letter to his tirst conniianding olticer, so here goes. The censor- 
ship has been partly lifted, so that we can tell where we're located at present. Much 
more information than that i.s yet against the rules, but it will not be long before we can 
give a more complete account of ourselves. Right now we're in camp a few kilometers 
south of Langres, which is, I should judge, about eighty miles from Switzerland and seventy 
miles from where the front used to be before it was permanently moved to the other side 
of the Rhine. 

The last move was a big one. and I hojie that Fm not included in the forces. How- 
ever, we're fully e<|ui|)ped an<l with a full roster once more and ready to move at any minute 
and moving a battalion in France doesn't require lh(> time that we wia-e used to in the 
States. We also hoiie that our next move will be toward the coast and aboard a boat 
heailed west. Since the war is over, the country doesn't appeal to very many, and they 
want to move at an>- nunute. the sonner the better. In fact, I have a bet that we'll be 
in the States by Christmas. That's presmning a good deal, but I still have a good deal 
of time to start the journey. 

If we do get home, that means the U. S., it will jirobahly be some time later before 
we get turned loose to do as we please without having to hot-foot e\ery time we lu>ar a 
bugle. They don't bother me a great deal, for in fact I'm so used to them now that usually 
I am awake before they start calling. 

There's nothing thai needs be said about the way we h.ave been fed, for we've surely 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



had all w.' 


wanted to eat ever SI 


nee 


we i"lin 


e across. Perl 


laps s,,me of 


it got 


rati 


iier tire- 


SOUR', llUt i 


t lias been .tiood eats 


and 


pleiit>- 1 


iif it ever sinee 


we got here 


. We 


got 


tired of 


"bullvlieef 


" several tunes, but a;f 


It ov 


•er It \vh« 


ni we got where 


■we could set 


uji a r 


cgul 


ar mess. 


Traffic i 


^s another thing that 


has 


had to 


be considered ; 


around here, 


for there' 




lot of it. Nothing but long: strii 


IgS ( 


:)f motoi 


■ trucks going up and I'ack, 


with : 


supr 


ilies an.l 


aiiiinuiiitioi 


1 and men. some en: 


mill! 


i baek. 


I b,'li,.ve the 


re are more 


truck 


S ill 


France 


today than 


in theU.S.,f(ir ihey' 


re a 


.s thick 


aslli.'s an.l of 


about twi'iit 


y .littV 


'l-elit 


mak.'s. 


or more. 


rhe roads here help ; 


1 lot 


. lor th( 


■y're mostly al 


1 good hard 


roa.ls 


an.l 


tine tor 


automobile; 


s. 
















Horses ; 


iren't used at all tor 


the 


transpoi 


■fation of siipp 


lies, th.at I'v 


e seen. 


I 


supp..se 


they are sr 


aree an.l also r,»i shr 


iV. 


The hoi 


■ses that y..u d 


o .^ee aroiin. 


1 here 


are 


all v.'rv 


,ii(M.(lsl,,ek 


an.lshow that they 1 


lave 


■ some li 


oo.l blood ill tl 


lein. Cattli 


■ are n 


l,,Stl 


y of the 


Dinhani v: 


iriety and look tine. 


but 


that's t 


be expected. 


as the past- 


ures h, 


■re : 


ire \-.'ry 


ti-oo.l, and a 


.s vet are green and g 


rowi 


ing, although the trees 


have alnvuh 


,• shed 


tlua 


r l.'aves. 


I s,o,,p. 


■<1 at the Y. M. C. A. 


here the oth 


:er night to see 


a mmistrel . 


diOWg 


iveii 


bv ni.'ii 


of diffeivnt 


units around here. 


It 


was ve 


ry good. Keg 


;ular vaudev 


■ill.' ai 


id o 


r.'li.'stra 



and t'verything but b.'autiftil women in l..w-ii.M'ke.l gowns. It was th..' first sh..w I'w 
seen since last winter and was quite a tr.'ai. 

The Elks of this area had a meeting th.e oth. a- night to se.> if w.' e.)iil.l hav.' a so.aal 
session and get together some time soon. Wr app.nnte.l a .■ommitt.'e. ami 1 .l.m I know 
what th..y will do about it. Probably not much, as th.av's no plac aroun.l laav t<i liave 
any big bl,,w-.,ut. Th.ac are a lot of th..^ b..ys ar..un.l. an.l ..ut of hfty at th.' meeting, 
aliout thirty-tive states were represented. I hop.' to tak.' in a Masoni.' nieetuig betore 
leaving here, if I get the opportunity, but that will not niattia- so much, for there'll be |ilenty 
of chance for that after I get to the states. 

I was at a Keconnaissan.'e S.-hool tor a couple of weeks. That was siuvly a .-otirse 
of intensive training. They gave us everything from pickuig billets bir tro<ip to airplane 
photos, and we were supposed to adjust ourselves in that short time, to all tliese conditions 
that have taken years to develop. One thing about it. ami that is, I got a lot of informa- 
tion that would have taken a lifetime any other way. It's v.ay interesting work ands 
one fine thing to be doing with any sort of :i unit. In thai work y.)u s.'e the wh.ile thing 
before anybody else gets a l..ok. ami b.'sid.'s, y.m ar.' su])i)osed i.> pi.'k out bill. 'is, camps, 
detraining points, etc., ami arrange for e\-eiythiiig befor.' tli.' outfit I'om.'s up. That s 
what makes it so interesting. 

For the last two weeks we've ha.l som.' of the most beautiful weath.'r you ever saw. 
This morning .startinl out th.' same way, but ali>iig towar.l n.i.in it .'I.hkI.'.I u|i and lias rained 
ever since. One funny thing ab.)ut this country is that if a cloud c.iim's ov.'r. it's a stin' 
bet that it will rain. 

Some packages have been coming in from the Stat. 's, most of the m .•oniaining I'andy 
and chocolate. That's what is nee.le.l mostly. Tobacco is very iileniiful li.'re, aii<l I'igar- 
ettes are costing about half of what th.'y .lo m the States, due to the fact that there is no 
tax on them. It makes it a lot I ett.'r, for money isn't so very plentiful around here, 
and pay day is rather an uncertainty. It's a good thing that the government put a ban 
on sending smokes, for there are plenty of them around here for ever,\bo(h-. AiKithcr 
sure thing that the boys go after is jam, and if the people at home are wise, tli.'>' U have 
plenty of jam ready when they all get home and shove their feet untlcr the table. 

I must close for this time and am wishing all of you a merry Christmas an.l a very 
happy New Year. Letters get here pretty regularly. Your son, 

George. 



CHAPTER XLIV 

List of Men in Military Service and of Men and 

Women Enlisted in Various Branches 

During the World War 

Al:iell, Orlin E.-U. 8. Army. 

Ackert, Harris — 1917, Paris Island, Sergeant, U. 8. Marine Corps, Aviati(in Section, 
S<'i\-<'d 6 months in France. 

Adams, Chester— Co. G, (5th Regt. I. N. G. 

Adams Frank— Bat. C 123rd H. F. A., A. E. F. 

Adams, WilUam— Co. G 6th 111. Inf. 

Adams, Zachariah — Q. M. C. V. S. Army. 

Adkins, Jesse H. — U. S. Army. 

Adkins, Orlando — U. S. Army. 

Adolph, Dewey — U. S. Army. 

Altman, Frank S. — May 1917, Lieut. Engineci- Coips, U. S. Army. Sei'ved in France. 

Anderson, Dorman C.— Sept. 1918, Urhana, 111., S. A. T. C, University of Illinois. 
Privatt'. 

Anderson, ( leoi-ge ().— April 21, 191S, Hospital Detachment, Camp Custer, Mich., 
Sergeant . 

Alsmau. Loimic — May 24, 191S, U. S. Army. Died in Service. 

Altenl.ei'g, Harry ().— Franklin Grove, 111., Sept. 21, 1917, Camp Grant, Co. A, 132nd 
Infantry. Killed in action, Sept. 26, 1918. 

Altman, Art inn- B.— 309 Butchery Co., Q. M. C, Served in France one year. 

AUbee, Bruce— July 1918, Served in France with Co. M, 317th Inf. 

Allen, Clifford— May 25, 1918, Great Lakes N. T. S. 

Allstedt, Raymond— Ashton, May 16, 1917, Chicago, Co. B, 21st. Machine Gun 
Battalion, 7th Division. Twelve months in A. E. F. 

Alschlager, Rudolph T.— U. S. Army. 

Agnew, William — V. S. Army. 

Alber, Bruce — U. S. Army. 

Albright, William J. -Mar. 1918, New Castle, Pa., Signal Corps, 12 Aero Squadron, 
Served in France and Gei-many. 

Anglemeir, Artliiu- A. (' l^tiy. 312th F. A. 

Ankeny, Guy E. — U. S. Army. 

Anithmier, Arthur — U. S. Army. 

Applegreen, Charles L. — Jan. Ki, 1917, Norfolk, Va., Navy. 

Archer, Charles R.— Brooklyn, 111., .hwv 14, 1918, Kansas City, Mo., Battery D, 
3rd Reg. 12th Squadron, Camp Tayloi', Dec. 17, 1919. 

Argraves, Wendell ().— Tank Corps, A. E. F., Pi'ivate, Took part in th(> Meuse-Argonne 
offensive. 

Anderson, Robert R.— July 2, 1917, Chicago, Served on F. S. S. Vermont. July 1919, 
Storekeeper 2nd class, France and Chile. 

Andrews, Charles F. — U. S. Army. 

232 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Aiidivws, Frank ,1.- V . S. Anny. 

AiiK.uld, Rac Adam- Dixon, A.icv. 7, 1017, ( h'ant Park, ( 'liicaoo. 111,, U. S. Naval 
Resfrvf Force, 8cpt. (i, 1019, Yccunan 2iid class, Paiiaiiia, .luiic 10, lOlS to Scpl . (i, 1020. 

Aschenbrenner, Waller- F. S. Anny. 

Asher, Charles— Ff. Williams. Maine, Coasl Artilleiy. 

Atkins, James P.- Dixon, 111., Sept. 20, 1917, Camp (Jrant , SCith Division Camp (Irani, 
8eru:eant. 

Atkinson, Byron F- Dixon, 111., Sept, 4, lOlS, Cam|) (irant , 111., Infantry. Dec. 20, lOlS. 

Atkinson, Thomas F.- Amlioy, 111., Alav 1. lOlS, .lctTer,M,n Barracks. Mo., Co. D, 
1 3th Inf. 

Attiu:, Wesley J.— Asliton. Oct. 4. 1917. Camp Crant, Co. M, :M2n<l Inf. and Marlmie 
Gun Co, 30th Inf. 4th Div., Cook, .lune 11, 1010. A. F. l'\ and .\iniy of Occupation. 

Aucb.stetter, .John A.- Sul.lettc, .May 1, 10 IS, Co. F, i:!(li I. .M. V.. Camp Fremont, < al, 

Auchstetter, William Otto- Sept. 4, lOlS, Camp CranC C<i. A, 37tli Inft., ISth Divi- 
sion, Camp McArthur, 4'cxas, March 10, 1010. 

Aughenliush, .lesse IF- F. S. Army. 

Ankeny, Floyd — I'. S. Army. 

Avery, W. M.— F. S. Army, 

Hacharach, Sidney- May 1917, Plattslmrn, Com 
2(ith Div., France, Sept. 1917. Battles, Siec: 
Thierry. 

Bairil, Thomas— U. S. Aiiny. 

Baker, Charles E.— China, 111.. Feh. Ki. 191S, Di> 
ute Field, Rantoul, 111. Dec. 24, 191S, SeiKcant. 

Baker, Silas— Sept. 191S, Fanded in France X< 

Baker, Irving S. — F. S. ,\iiny. 

Baker, William H.- F. S. Army. 

Baldwin, Fdwin F,-191(i, (liicaso, Fieufenant, FT. S. Navy, Oct. 1919, Fieutenant. 
Transport duty. 

Banker, Irving D.— Sept. 191S, S. A. T. C,, Illinois Fniver.sity. 

Banks, Stanley :M.— F. S. Army. 

Barge, W'ilham — Januar>' 191S, Air Service. 

Barnard, Francis R. — F. S. Army. 

Barnes, Carl— U. S. Army. 

Barnes, Clarence W. — U. S. Army. 

Barr, Peter P.— Sept. 1918, Camp Grant, Band, Musician, France. 

Barry, Edwin C— 1917, Paris, Island 6th M. G. Bn., U. S. Marines. A. K. F. 

Barry, J. Donald — January 1918, Great Lakes, Ensign, Naval .\ir Sei\ice. Pcnsacola. 

Barry, Walter R.— May 1917, Minneapolis, Sergeant 7Sth Co. (jth Marines. A. K. F. 
Gassed at B(4leau Wood, June 6, 1918. Returned to U. S., June 1919. 

Barry, William J., Jr.— 1917, Paris Island, 5th Regt., U. S. Marines. 

Bartholomew, LloyiF -Sept. 1918, Urhana, S. A. T. C. Died at Urhana, Deeemher 1918. 

Bartlett, Dwight— April 17. 1017. Chicago, loth Co., 6th M. G. Bn., F'. S. Marines, 
Served in France with 2nd Division. 

Batch(4der. John K.- Oct, 1017, ('hicago. Ensign, U. S, N. R. F., Ensign, Trans]iort 
duty. 

Bates, Clare H.-F. S. Army. 

Bates, Ernest T.— Hdtir. Co., .58th Inf., A. E. F. 



sionc.l ls( Fieut. 101st M. ( 


;. Bi 


■y, Chemin-des-Dames, CI 


latea 


111.. 26Sili .Vcro S(|uadi(in. 


Cha 


0, with 1 Kith Eng. 




S. Navy, Oct. 1919, Lieut 


eiiai 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Bauer, Irving N. — U. 8. Amiy. 

Beach, William— U. S. Arin>'. 

Beck, Lyle McD.— U. S. Army. 

Becker, Charles M.— U. S. Army. 

Becker, Domikl F.— Pvt. Co. I, 3Glst Inf. Olsl Div. Wounded in action in France. 

Becker, Francis P.— Co. D, 36th U. 8. Guards. 

Becker, Justin G.— June 1918, Great Lakes, Naval Air Sci\ice. 

Beckingham, Glen I.— Dixon, III, May 7, 1917, Chi^at Lakes Xaval Training Station. 
Served one year in k'lancr. 

Behrends, John Reynolds, U. S. Army. 

Beister, Fred — U. S. .Vrniy. 

Bell, Dora G.— U. S. Army, 

Bell, .John H.— U. S. Army. 

Bcller, Albert— 123rd F. A., Btry. B. Served a year in France with 3oil Division. 

Benjamin, Roland — L^. S. Army. 

Bennett, Harold— Camji Cirant, 123rd H. F. .\., 33rd Div. Served one year in France. 

Bennett. Howard— I'. S. Army. 

Berard, Edward — L^. S. Army. 

Berard, George— Battery E, 333rd Field Art. Served one year in France. 

Berard, Leo T.— Batt. C, 123rd F. A. 

Berard, Thomas L. — 1\ S. Army. 

Berg, Elmer E.— May 1, 191S, Jefferson Barracks, Co. E, 10th Inf. 

Berger, John — U. S. Army. 

Berkey, Claude E. — U. S. Army. 

Bernardin, Amil J. — Amhoy, Corporal. 

Berogan, Norman R. — 209 Engineers. 

Bettendorf, Arthur— Sept. 1918, Madison, S. A. T. C. 

Bettendorf, Earl P.— Sublette, 111., Oct. 15, 1918, Chicago University, Dec. 6, 1918. 

Betz, Milo— Paw Paw, 111., April 23, 1917, Chicago, 111., Coast Artillery Corps in France. 

Biddle, Roy — Sept. 1917, Camp Grant, Served in France with Fourth Division. 

Biederman, Eric A. — Amboy. Private. U. S. Army. 

Biesecker, Howard N. — U. S. Army. 

Blester, Frederick L.— Sublette, 111., June 14, I91S, Dixon, 111., Headquarter Co. 
14th Reg. 5th Brigade, Camp Jackson, S. C., Feb. 15, 1919. 

Big-gart, James — U. S. Army. 

Biggart, William U. — U. S. Army. 

Bill, Henry— Camp Grant, Sept. 1918, Co. C, 2n(l Infantry. 

liilliter, Hope— U. S. Army. 

Billmire, Clinton- Dec. 12, 1917, Cohnubus Bks. Ohio. Discharged at Camp Dodge, 
Iowa, on account of continued sickness on ^Nlay 15, 1918. 

Birdsong, Lloyd E.- U. S. Army. 

Bisliop, Carl- V. S. Army. 

l'>ishop, Charles Vr May 191S, Evanston, Camp (irant. Dental Unit No, 1. 

Block, A. IL- r. S. Army. 

Blackburn, B.- II(U|r. Co., 78lh F. A., Camp Donipb.an, Ft. Sill, Okla. 

Blackburn, Harry D.— Apr. 1917, Dixon, Corp. Batt. C, 123 F. A., 33rd Division. 
Served one year with A. E. F. 

Blackburn, James H.- 49th Field Art., 17th Division. 



WAR mSTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Hliickliuni. Maiiri.T ]).- -Dei'. -2(1, 1917. ( 'liicatio. III.. < 'liicf Plianiiacy Hospital Corps. 
r. S. S. Cnphn. Transport duty. V . S. Navy. 

Blacklmrn, Kolvrt L. Apr. 1917. Dixon. 15atl. C 12:^ F. A., :«(1 nivision. 
Blaga, Joseph- 2nil Iowa Inf. Co. I). 

Blaine, Bniro Robert China. III., Sept. 20, 1017. Camp Grant, Battery F, SXivd F. A. 
86th Division. Feh. 7. I'.tlS. Serjeant. 

Blass, Leo IF- Creal Fakes, I". S. X, R. F. 
Blass, ^Fix- Creat Fakes. F. S. X. H. F. 

Blum, Otto- Xa.'husa. Ilk. .Inly 1.1, ISIS, Dixon, 2(14 Co. M. P.. Military Police <lnty 
in Paris France. 

Boehme, Emil P.— 528 :\Iotor Trans. Corps. 

Bogard, Reuben F].— U. S. Ainiy. 

Bolliver, Everett A.- .Iiine 2."i. 191S. Camp Ciant, Rk. Co. (i. Kilst, Depot Briiiade. 

Bogard, Edward- Sept. lOlS. S. .\. T. C. Caitkaire CoUep.. 

Boers, Albert William- 12ih Co., 2nd Re-. A. S. M. 

Bolender, Robert R.- F. S. Ainiy. 

Book, Guy M.— Dixon. May 27. 191S. Ft. Thomas. Ky.. Co. (F 4.ith Rift. Camp 
Sheridan. Montgomi'r>'. Ala. 

Boone, Horace O— U. S, Army. 

Boone, Lee — F'. S. Army. 

Bose, Rush Ivan Dixon. Ilk. Sept. 21. 1917. Camp Grant. Ilk. 1st Motor Mechanic, 
Reg. Signal Corps, Air Servie... A. F. F. Served in France 20 months. 

Bosley. Harold S. :May 191S, Camp Grant. Sitth Division. Fought at St. Miliiel 
and Argonne. Gassed in .\rgonne. <>ct. 191S. 

Bothe, Clarence F.— Xaehusa. Ilk. Oct. 14. 191S. Chicago. Co. I. S. A. T. C. Chicago 
ITniversity, Dec. 6, 1919. 

Bothe, Paul— Oct. 4, 1917, Camp Grant. Inf. Hospital Coips. Sergeant. 

Bott, F:dward r. S. Army. 

Bott, Fred F—Btry. C, 128rd F. A.. .Jtuie Sth. 1919. Private. St. Mihiek Meuse- 
Argonne, Army of Occupation. 

Bott, John F.— Sept. H. 19iS. Camp Grant. F:-.'), 161 Depot Briga<U'. Xov. 80. 1918. 

Bowers, Frank W.— I'. S. Arm\-. 

Bowers, Joseph— F'. S. .\rm>-. 

Bowers, Leonard T.— Dix..n. Ilk, June 2,5. 1918. Camp (Irant. Co. d :U2nd Infantry. 

Bowers, Wilbur L.— April 1917. Dixon. Ilk. A Co., lOSth M. P. Sergeant June 1919. 
Served one year A. E. F. 

Bowling, James- U. S. Armw 

Bowhng, Richard -I'. S. Aini>-. 

Bowman, Earl— 4()th Co. Infantry Re]dacement. 

Boyle, Robert— F'. S. Army. 

Boynton, Charles T.— Dixon. Ilk, July S, 1918, Great Fakes, Co. E .5lh Reg.. Camp 
Perry. 

Boynton, George E.— Si'pt. 191S, Camp .lolnision. Ida.. Motor Transport Corps. 

Boynton, Paid — F'. S. Army. 

Brace, George Q. — F'. S. .\rniy. 

Bradley. William R.— Dixon. June 25. 1918. ( amp Grant. M. P. ( 'o. Xo. 201. Served 
in France. 

Bradv. John C.-I'. S. Armv 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Branian. Ilan.M R.—V. S. Army. 

Brady. Mci-\vin -l<»th Infantry. 

Branigau, Eil\vanl--l'. S. Army. 

Branigan, Frank W. — U. S. Army. 

Branigan, Jolm — U. S. Army. 

Branigan, Joseijh P. — U. S. Army. 

Branigan, William T. — U. S. Army. 

Brasspp, John F. — V. S. Army. 

Brccunicr, Willuir H.- Ashton, Oct. 20, 191S, Camp Polk, Co. A, 307 Rn. Tank Corp, 
Camp Taylor. Dec. 31, 191S, 

Brenner, Barrel D.— Nov. 7, 1916, .Jupiter, Navy. 

Brenner, George W. — U. S. Army. 

Brierton, Harold H.— August 1918, Evan.ston, 1G7 Dv\)n\ Brigade Co. A. 

Brinton, Bradford— May 1918, Motor Transport Corps. Commissiom-d 1st Lieut. 
Q. M. ( '.. Promoted to Captain, Major, and Lieut .-Colonel, M. T. C. Served with A. E. F. 

Brierton, Lee W.— Dec. 12, 1917, Air Service. 

Briscoe, Henry F. — Air Service, A. E. F. 

Broderick, Herbert — Coast Artillery Corjis. 

Bioderick, .James P.— U. S. Army. 

Broderick. ^Lu-tin .J.— U. S. Army. 

I^rogley, l{ay— Camp Grant, 332nd :\I. G. Bn. Served in France with 4th Inf. 3d 
Division. 

Brooks, Byron A.— June 1918, Ft. Sheridan. Served as 2nd Lieut., Camp Grant. 

Brooks, James B.— Hamilton Township, May 22, 1917, I3ixon, Battery C, 123rtl 
Reg. Heavy F. A., 33rd. Division. 

Brasel, John F.— U. S. Army. Sei'ved overseas. 

Brown, Clifford P.- Supiily Co. 34th Inf.. Camp McArthur, Texas. 

Brown, Leroy S.— China, 111., April 24. 191S. Camp (Want, Co. D, 3.5.5 Inf. 89th Div., 
Feb. 1.5, 1919. In action on St. Mihiel and Argonne Fronts. Gassed. 

Brown, Louis H. — U. S. Army. 

Brown, Ralph C. — U. S. Army. 

Brown, Raymond R. — Evanston Hosp. Xo. 37. 

Brown, W. D.— U. S. Army. 

Bryant, lamest ().— U. S. Army. 

Buchanan, Fred F. — Paw Paw, 111., V. S. Army. 

Buccola, Samuel — U. S. Army. 

Bucher, Joseph — 15th Aero Squadron. 

Bucher, Lewis J.— May 1917, 6th F. A., First Division. First Serg-eant, served two 
years in France and took part in all l)attles with 1st Division. 

Buckley, Charles H. — U. S. Army. 

Buckley, .John—June 1917, (J. M. ('.. First Lieut. Served in France and Germany. 

liuckley, William J.— Amboy, 111., Jtme 14, 1918, Ivuisas City, :Mo., Battery F, 3rd 
Reg., F. A. Cam]) Taylor, Ky.. Jan. 29, 1919, 

Bunnell, i:iwin Dixon, III., Oct. 2, 1918, Northwestern University, Evanston, 111. 
S. A. T. C, Co. .V, Corporal. 

Bunnell, \\'illaid E.- nixuu, 111,, Oct, 21, 1918, Wichita F^^alls, Texas, .Motor Mechanic 
Aviation Sciuadron C, Wichita Falls, Tex. 

Burlingame, Louis Vincent— Penn, Voorhee.sville, N, Y,, IT, S, Navy, 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Burhcnu, William Jr. - C'Iuiki. 111.. .Itily 2S, 191S. 133(3 F. aii,l G, .Itli Piuv. ( 'ainp Mciritt. 
X. J., Jan. 4, 1919. 

Burke, Thomas P.- AmlM.y, III., June 21, 19IS, Camp Craiit, Aml.ulancc ('(.. :541. 

Burnett, Frederick Jam.- Wynmiii-, HI.. July 2^. 191S. l!,,rk\vrll City. la., Co. I, 
110th Reg. 2Sth Div., ?^Iay 24, 1919. Thircourt Sector, iMaiice. 

Burnett. IIan,l(l-r. S. Army. 

Burns, Edwar.l J.- S7th Div. 34C)th Infantry. 

Burrs, Lloyd— Oct. 1917. Co. C., 37th Kn>iineers. 

Burrs. Lester L.— June 1917, Creat Lakes, V . S. Navy, Medical Discharge, Oct. 1917. 

Burt, Norton E.— U. S. Army. 

Busser, John E. Jr. — V. S. Army. 

Busigna, Claude A.— Franklin Cinve, Ilk, Sept. 19, 1917, Camp Lewis, Wash., Co. 
K, 362nd Inf., 91st Division. 

Butler, David— June 25, 1918, Camp Grant, Co. D, 7th Inf,, 3rd Division, Served 
in En,a:land, France, Belsiium, Germany. 

Butlei-. Samuel A.- .Vnikoy, Private, 

Butler, Welliiiiiton- AmlH,y. Corp.iral. 

Byers, Howard G.— Ordnance Dept., Detached. 

Byers, Paid W^— Dixon, Ilk. May 30, 1917, Ndrfolk, Va,, U. S. Navy. SejU. 1919. 
:\I. M. 1st class. Served on army transports, U, S. S. South Carolina, U. S. S. Huron. 

Byers, Russell D.— Dixon, Ilk, June 1, 191S, X<,riolk, Va., U. S. Xavy. 

Byers, Scott K.— Columl.us Barracks, Oluo, 

CahiU, Eugene G,— Sept, 1918, Madison, S, A, T, C. 

Callahan, Lyman — Camp (Irant, Served in France, 

Carlson, Carl E. — V. S. Army. 

Carlson, Earl B.— Sept. 1918^ S. A. T. C., Carthage Cohege. 

Carlson, Roy— :\Iay 22, 1918, Jefferson Barracks. Co. M, 37th Infantry, A. E, F. 

Carnahan, Chester L,— Compton, Sept. 18, 1917. Camp Gi'ant. Band, 342nd Infantry. 

Carnahan, John A. — L'. S. Army. 

Carnahan, Ralph j\I. — Compton, S. A. T. C. 

Carney, Sidney S.— Reynolds, Ilk, Jan. 5, 1918, Camp Grant, Battery F, 2nd Reg., 
Lst Brigade, Camp Jackson, S. C, Dec. 10, 1918, 2nd Lieut, 

Carpenter, Guy— Dec. 1917, Camp Custer, LieuC, Q. M, C, Served in France. 

Carr, Cieorge W. — I'. S. Army. Severely wounded in action, losing right hand. 

Carriel, Isabel — Xurse, 

Carroll, John F.— U. S, Army, 

Carson, Clyde E.— Dixon, Ilk. Dec 1, 1917. San Antomo Aviation School, Air service 
505 Aero squadron, corporal. 

Case, Chester R.— West Brooklyn, Ilk, Fek. 15, 1918, Ft. Logan, Colo,, Coast Artillery 
Corps, Philippine Islands, Sept. 4, 1919, Philippme I.-^lands. 

Case, John A.— West Brooklyn, Ilk, Eel., 15, 191S, Chicago, III,, Xavy, Sept. 12, 1919, 
Quartermaster 2nd class. 

Cashion, James F.— Dixon, May 27. 1918. Cam|-i Gord.on, Ga,, July Automatic Rep, 
Train, Corporal. 

Cashion, Thomas — U. S. Army. 

Chaclwick, Rae E.— Sept. 3, 1918, Camp Grant, Ilk, Caiup Adjutant's Detachment, 
Personnel Section, Sergeant Apr. 1, 1919. 

Chapman, Dwight B. — Sept. 1918, Air Service, U. S. Army. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Chainl.crs, Kcv. J. ]•;. AI.— Entered Y. AI. ('. A. seivice, and served in l':nKland and 
France. 

Chajinian, Frank E.— Ashton, Oct. 4, 1917, Camp (irant, Annnunition Trains, Co. A, 
4th Division. One yeai- in A. E. F. Also in Army of Occupation. 

Chapman, Floyd I).- (amp .lackson, S. C., Bat. B, ."ith Bat. l.st Brif>-. F. A. R. D. 

Chai.man, Harry A.- F. S. Army. 

Chapman, William E.- F. S. Army. 

Charters, Paul W.— Asliton. S(>pt. o, 1917, Camp Grant, III., Co. AF 342nd Inf., Co. 
A, 141st Inf., 1st Lieut. Inf. Several months service in France. 

Charval, Micliael- F. S, Army. 

Ch.ase, Edward B.— Fel). 8, 1917, Jefferson Barracks, AIo., Provisional Co. 302 Alotor- 
cycle Dispatch Rider, Sept. 25, 1919, Serjeant. 

Cheney, Ira F.— May 1917, Rock Island, Batt. C, 123rd F. A. 

Church, Keimeth L.- 12th Co., 2nd Reg. A. S. AF, Fii'st Sergt., Motor Tran.sport 
Corps. Served IS months in France. 

Cioh, ,lohn—June 26, 1916, Dixon, C Btry. 123rd F. A. 

Chipp, Murray Lee — Wyoming, 111., May 30, 1918, Camp Gordon, Ga., Co. F, 45th 
Inf., 9th Div., Camp Gordon, June 14, 1919. 

Clapp^'r, Sam — FT. S. Army. 

Clapper, Thomas B. — Reynolds, F. S. Army. 

Clark, Arthur— F. S. Army. 

(lark, Ivhvard J.— U. S. Army. 

Clark, J. C!.— U. S. Army. 

Clark, .loseph— 1918, Great Lakes, U. S. N. R. F. 

Clark, Ralph A.— 161st Depot Brigade, Medical Detachment, Ba,se Hospital. 

Cla>-t<in, Thomas W. — Dixon, April 1917, Chicago, 2nd Engineers, O. T. S. Co. 5. 
Captain, Jan. 25, 1919, Railroad Construction work in France. Was on the transport 
"Tuscania" when it was torpedoed. 

Clem, Alfred M.— F. S. Army. 

C lemons, James Taylor— Wyoming, 111., July 5, 1917, Aurora, 111., Co. A L. Alachinc 
Gun Battalion, 33rd Division, Fel). 21, 1919, Venhm front. 

Clayton, Lee William- Co. B, 349th Infantry. 

( hngan, William- F. S. Army. 

Clink, Carl L.— U. S. Army. 

Clover, Wallace— F. S. Army. 

Coakley, Daniel— April 1, 1918, Camii Grant, Bat. D, 122nd V. S, Field Artillery. 

Cochran, John — Harmon, F. S. Navy. 

Coe, Edward J. — Dixon, 111., (_"ohnnl)Us, Ohio, 48th Infantry, Sergeant. 

Cobb, Marian L. — Marine Corps. 

Coleman, Harry Richard— 92nd Div., A. E. F. 

Coffey, William H.— April 1917, Dixon, Batt. C, 123d F. A. Served in France with 
33rd Division. 

Collin, Elizabeth — Army Nurse Corps. 

Collins, Edward — 113th Supply Train, oSth Division. Served in France. 

Colwell, Robert— Enlisted Dec. 28, 1916, 10th F. A. 3d Div., Sailed overseas, Apr. 
1918. Wounded by shrapnel in right arm at Jatdgonne, Marne R. July ISth, 1918. Dis- 
charged Oct. 15, 1919. 

Conlon, John L.— Franklin Grove, 111., Dec. 12, 1917, Jefferson Barracks, Mo. 

Conner, John- F. S. Armv. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



(•(.nuns, Koliert E.— EiilistiMl A].!-. 10, 1917, Dixon, ]5;i(t. C, 12:^(1 F. A. Scivc.l with 
33(1 Div., one year in A. E. F., St. Miliicl and :\Icusc-ArK(.nnc (.ffcnsivcs and army of 
occnpatidn. 

Collins, George Bernard- S. A. T. ('. 

Collins, George — U. S. Army, Camp (ii-ant. 

Cook, (iai-dner- April 21, 1017, .lefierson Hariacks, 13tli Cavaliy, Hd(i, Tioop, r.tli 
Div. Served in France, at St. Mihiel and Argonne, Sergeant. 

Cook, Lyle E.-Oet. litis. Tank (.'orps. 

Cook, Walter^r. S. Army. 

Cook, B. F.— r. S, Army. 

Cool, Lee H.— May 1918, Kansas City, .S2iid Division, A. E. F., Corporal. Served 
in I-'rance. 

Coon, Clayton F.— .June 191S, Dixon, Truck Co. :;()9, M. S. T., 423. Served in France. 

Combs, Allen— U. S. Xa\>-. 

Cornell, Arthur— U. S. Army. 

Corrigan, Raymond .1.— U. S. Ainiy. 

Corwin, Leslie X. — Com|)ton, l". S. Army. 

Corwin, Robert B,— U, S. Army, 

( 'iiuntryman, Irving B, — June 1918, V. S. Ai'my. 

Courli'ight. Lester— Dec. S, 1917, Jefferson Bari'acks, Air Service. Served in France. 

Covell, James B.— Battery B, 123d Field Art., A. E. F. twelve months. 

Covell, Stewart-l'. S. Army. 

Craig, -Merritt-Ashton, Camp Giant, 111,, Q. M, C. 

Craigmiles, Russell- I'. S. Army, 

Cratty, .Toy -U. S. Army. 

Grain, Reuben ('.— lieynolds, V. S, Army. 

Craps, Jospel;-r. S. Army. 

Crawford, Josepl;- Xovcmbci- 1917, Cliicago, 13th Cavah'y, Served on ^[exican boi'der 

Crawford. M. A.— China, lib, Feb. IC, 1917, Fort Reiley, Kan.sas, Alchcal Corps, 
Feb. 5, 1919, Sergeant. 

Crim, Richard E.— I'. S. Army. 

Crouch, Ernest- U. S. Arm>-. 

Grouse, Harry E. — U. S. Army. 

Crow, Kenneth I. — U. S. Army. 

Crowell, Donald — U. S. .Arniw 

Crowelb Truman — U. S. Army. 

Cruse, Hugh S.— China, lib, July 19, 1918, Sterling, lib, X. T. Co. 511, X. T. S. 423 
Camp Johnston, Fla. 

Cullen, Robert M.— I'. S. Army. 

Cummings, Alyron X.- Sept. 1918, Camp Grant, G. X. Q., A. E. F. Served in France. 

Curran, Frank J,— (Ircat Lakes, U. S. Xavy. (Quartermaster 2n(l class, Scotland, 
U. S, S. ( ', (V2, 

Curran, Hugh L.- Great Lakes. V. S. Xavy, Scotland, England. 

Curran, John R,- Jmie 1917, Peoria, lib, Onhiancc Dept., U. S. Army. 

Curran, Raymond — Camp Hancock, .\ugusta Ga., Ordnance Coips, A. E. F. 

Curran, Wiiliam— May 1918, Great Lakes, U, S. Xavy, 

Cutter, Otto H.— U. S. Army. 

Daniels, Ray A. — V. S. Army. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Davi^, Bert F.- Dixon, Sept. 5, 1917, (ami) (liaiit. Hcadciiiartcrs Detached, 33rd 
Division. 

Davis, George L.— Coiniiton, Corporal, V. S. Army. 

Davics, John L.— Oct. 1918, Camp Taylor, V. A. ('. (). T. S. 

Daviwjn, Floyd— A.shton, Dec. 1, 1917, ,Iel'fers(,n Barracks, Mo., Hdq. Co. 119th 
Field Art., 32nd Division. A. E. F. 

Dawson, Edwin — U. S. Army. 

Deixnv, Leonard E.— Corp. Co. I, lOth Inf. 

Diets, Aimer P.— Co. B. 103(1 Amnmnition Train 28th Division. Served in France. 

Diets, Anstin- Lee Center, ,Iune 14, 1917, Chicago, Corporal Co. L 10th Lifantry, 
I't. Benjamin Harrison. 

Der Kinderen, J. — Y. M. C. A. Served in England. 

De Laney, Lawrence — U. S. Army. 

Deniarest, Harry C.— ALry 3, 1918, Fremont, Cal., Co. 23, M. G. Battalion. Fremont, 
Cahlornia. 

De.May, (Jccar— U. S. Army. 

Dennis, Ralph Olin — Corporal, Co. L 3rd lieplacement Bn., Caniji ^NIcArthur, Texas. 

Dempsey, George— Bat. C, 123rd F. A. 

Derr, Charles L.— U. S. Army. 

Derr, Leslie— I'. S. Army. 

Derr, Harry— U. S. N. R. F. 

Detig, Paul— U. S. Army. 

Detig, Peter— Reynolds, U. S, Army. 

Devine, .James M.— .Inly 29, 1918, Camp Forest, 209th Engineers, 

Dewey, Ad.olph- U. S. Army. 

Dickerson, James — U. S. Army. 

Dickey, Benjamin H. — June 24, 1918, Camp Grant. 

Dickey, Charles J.— Dec. 14, 1917, Ft. Dodg(> la., 43d Prov. squadron and 33rd Balloon 
Co., 3rd Prov. Reg. 

Dierdorf, Claire— U. S. Army. 

Dietz, Joseph J.— May 1918, .Jefferson Barracks, V. S. Army. 

Dillon, Fred— U. S. Army. 

Dillow, Frederick— Great Lakes, U. S. Navy. Died in Service. 

Dirkson, Albert M.— U. S. Army. 

Dirkson, Tom— Reynolds, U. S. Arn>y. 

Dixon, Jerome F.— Sept. 1918, Notre Dame, Ltd., S. A. T. C. 

Dixon, Sherwood— Dixon, May 14, 1917, Ft. Benj. Harrison, Ind., Co. I, 332nd Inf. 
83rd Div. A. E. F. May 3, 1919, 2nd Lieut. Served in England, France, Italy, Austria- 
Hungary, Jugo-Slavia. Battle of Vittorio, Veneto. 

Dixon, William A. — U. S. Army. 

Doan, Elijah— nth Infantry, 5th Division. Killed in action during th(> Ai'gonne drive. 

Darrah, Justin C— 103rd Amb. Co., 101 Sanitary Train, 2(illi i:)ivision. Served in 
f'rance 18 months also A. of 0. 

Doan, Jasper J. — U. S. Army. 

Donaldson, John W. — U. S. Army. 

Donaldson, R. W. — U. S. Army. 

Dooley, Thomas 0. — Reynolds, V. S. Arni>-. 

Doty, Paul A.— Amlioy, 111., Oct. 2, 1917, Chicago, Headciuarters .^ih. Division. Served 
in France and Germanv. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Downej', George E. — M. T. ('. 

Downing, Benjamin F.— Dixon, 111., Au^. 27, 1017, Furt Sliciiihiii, HI., ,S29th Aero 
Squadron, First Lieutenant. Served in l-'raiicc. 

Douglass, Thomas — Wyoming. 111., .lime .'). \'MS. ( 'anip (inrddii. (la.. ( n. (1. 45 Inf. 
9th Div. Camp Gordon, Ga., Fell. 2. I'.tl'.l, Cnporal. 

Doulos, Fred— 528th Supply Co.. Q. M. Corps, A. Iv F. 

Downs, Leo — U. S. Army. 

Downs, Vincent L.— U. S. Army. 

Dragan, Val.aie U. S. Army. 

Drew. Floyd P.- -Feh. 2.-), UMS, Camp Grant, ms Fiel,l Remount S(|Uadroii 705. 

Drew, Frank AL— U. S. Ai-niy. 

Drew, Harold A.-(ireat Lakes, U. S. X. Pv. F. Knsign al.oar.l a destmyer. 

Drew, Henry L.- Dixon, .lune ]4,191S. Camp Slielhy, Mieh., Head(iuarters Co. 15Ist 
Inf., 38th Division. Served in England an.l I'rancc 

Drew, Herbert .1.— Mar. (i. 191S, Dulutli, Minn., Headquarters Co, 59th Inf., 4th 
Division. Marne, Vesle, Campaign, St, Mihi<4. Argoniie. 

Drew, Michael W.-C. S. Army. 

Drew, Kaph.ael .I.-.lune 191S, JOvanston, (I M. Corps, March 1919. 

Duan, Leo C— V. S. Arni\-. 

Dudderar, Russell — V . S. Army. 

Dufi'ey, Ezra W.—Ajir. 1917, Dixon, Batt, C, 123d F. A, 

Dufty, Hugh v.— July 28, 1918, Co. A, 209 Pveg, luig,. Camp Forest, Lytle. Georgia. 
Army Field Clerk, G. H. Q., A. E. F. 

Duffy, John— A] iril ]91S,CampGrant, U.S. Arn.iy. Served in France, in St . Milne] drive. 

Duffy, Lloyd II.— Onlnance ('or]is, V. S. Army. 

Duncan, Fred B.— U. S. Ainiy. 

Dunseth, Paul— U. S, Ainiy. 

Durin, Fred E.— Willow Civrk. 111., Sept. 0, 19IS, Dixon, 111,, March 29, 1919, 

Durin, J. M.— r. S. Army. 

Durkes, Luther L,— Franklin Gi-ove, III, Oct, 2, 1919, Madison, Wis,, Co, B, 1st 
Reg. S. A. T, C., Madison, Wis, Dee, 13, 1918. 

Durston, Kaleel H,- Ashton, Nov. 12, 1917, Dayton, Ohio,, Nil A.a-o S(|ua<lron, Dec. 
24, 1918, 

Durston, Wrae M,— Ashton, Aug, 29, 1917, Givat Lakes X. T. S., Xavy Padio Se<'tion. 

Dutcher, Everett C— Sept, 5, 1917, Cam]) (hant, Mess Sergt, Co. M, 312nd Inf. 

DuYall, Francis E.— .June 14, 191S, Rakes Ai'my School, 

Dyer, Waher C— U. S. Army. 

Dysart, Byron C. — U. S. Army. 

Dysart, George P.— i\Iay 7, 1918, Columbus Bari'acks, Co. A, 329th Battalion, 
Tank Corps, A. E, F, 

Dy,sart, Raymond— U, S, Army, 

Eanger, Martin— U. S. Army. 

Eaton, Donald— Aug. 31, 1918, Minneapolis, :Miim., Canadian Army Me<lical Coi-ps. 

Eatinger, Clifford— Camp Grant, Sergt. 49tli Infantry. Served in France. 

Earle, John E.— Aug. 6, 1917, Ft. Sheridan, 1st. Lieut. Inf., and M. T. C. Served over 
a year in France. Decorated by French government. 

Eberly, George W.— May 1918, Camp Gordon, 60th Inf., 5th Division. Took part in 
Argonne offensive. Gassetl. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Eci'le.^^, K.iy .1.— .May I91S, (.'amp Cidnloii, I'. S. Aimy. Served in Fiance, Ciassed, 
Oct. 5, 1918. 

Eckberg, Oscar W.— Infantry, U. S. Army. 

Edous, Harultl— ?*Iay 1, 1918, Camp Fremont, Cal., Co. L, 18tli Inf., Camp Fremont, 
California. 

Edous, Charle.s — U. S. Army. 

Edson, Robert E.— Sept. 1918, Urbana, S. A. T. C., Univej-sity of Illinoi.s. 

Edwards, Howard M.— U. S. Army. 

Edwards, John — U. S, Army. 

Edwards, William J.— -U, S, Army. 

Edwards, AVilliam T.— U. S. Army. 

Eddy, Ralph- V. S. .\riny. 

Egan, Mai-y .losephint — Sept. 1918, .\mei'ican lied Cro.ss, Canteen service. Spent 
almost a year in France. 

Egan, May M.- .\nilioy, Nov. 1917, .Vmei-ican Hed Cross Canteen Service. Served 
in France for one year. 

Egan, Thomas — U. S. .\rmy. 

Ege, Joseph W.— U. S. .\rmy. 

Egler, Orvillc-Xov. 1.5, 1917, Kelley Field, San Antonio, Texas. 49(3 Aero Squadron, 
A. E. F. 

Egler, Wallei' K.-- U. S. Army. 

Eichler, Joseph H.— July 1918, Camp Ci'ant, Camp .Vdjulant Dept., Camp CIrant. 

Eisenberg, John H.~AIay 27, 1918, Co. D, 41 h Replacement Regiment, Cam]) Ciordon, 
Ga., Sergeant. 

EUinwood, DeWitt C— Ashton, Aviation Section, 2nd Lieutenant. 

Elliott, Clayton C. — Sweeney Auto School, Kan.sas City, Co. A, Training Detachment, 
U. A., Died Oct. 1st, 1918. 

Elliott, Thomas A.— 15th Ret. Co. 

Elsasser, Jerome M. — U. S. Army. 

Emery, Cecil— Sept. 1918, Chicago, S. A. T. C. University of Chicago. 

Emery, Earl E.— 333rd F. A., 86th Division, A. E. F. Died shortly after his discharge. 

Emery, Ray- May 5, 1918, Jefferson Barracks, Co. B, 19th M. G. Bn. Served in 
France with H. (l. 83d Division. 

Emmons, Francis B. — U. S. Army. 

Emmert, Clifford C.— U. S. Army. 

Emmert, Clyde H.— S. A. T. C. 

Finnieil, ( leoi-ge L.^Oct. 6, 1917, Pittsl)urg, Pa., 319th Infantry. Arrived in France 
May 19 IS, 

Emmett, Gilbert— March 1, 1917, Jefferson BaiTacks, Mo., 23(1 Recruit Co., G. S. I. 
Died ]\ larch 27, 1917. 

Emmolo, Ralph J.— April 17, 1917, 4oth Railroad Engineers. 

Englehart, George H.— U, S. .Army. 

English, Elmer D.- Sept. 1918, Urliana, S. A. T. C. 

Enicken, Frederick— F. and G. Batt., Syracuse X. Y. 

l-jitoi-r, William F.— Divisional 1st Sergt. Chemical Warfare Service. 

Erbes, Emery C.— Reynolds, U. S. Army. 

Erbes, Russell G.— U. S. Army, C. A. S. D. 

Erickson, Arthur — U. S. Army. 

Krt(l, Conrad- r. S. Armv. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Everson, Carl S- IStli iMiti., Captain 


,^ 


.ed ill 


France and Xnrtli 


Russia. 


Espy, Harold— OrfoluT 1!)17, Camp ( 


;raiit. 


Ser\ 


.-ed with A. E. F., 


Paris Sertioii. 


Falicr, Leon A.- V. S. Army. 










Falcy, Hcrnar.l F.- Apiil 191S, Camp ( 


:i,.r<l(H 


1, ( la.. 


:V.]<\ Division. Sei 


■ved with A. ]■:. 


F. tur ,mr y,'ar. 










Fallstnim, Walter— Dec 1017, Chicat^.i 


, M. T 


. C. '. 


Prui'k drivel', servei 


1 ill France and 


Germany. 










Faiielli, IJalph .l.-U. S. Army, serve. 


1 ill Fi 








Faniiim, ("liarles L. — T'. S. .\riii\-. 










Farnum, Fraiuas C.-A. S. N. H. F., ' 


( ireat 


Lakes, 


Railor. 




Faiiium, Adelhert L.- r. S. Army. 










Feldkirchner, Lemy .].— U. S. Army. 











Feltes, Joseph P.— Sept. 5, 1917, Cam|i (h-aiil, Co. L, :542nd Infantry, Camp Grant. 
Served in France. 

Furgeson, William B.— Sept. 1917, Camp Grant, :542iid Inf., Ith O. T. S. 

Ferguson, William B. — U. S. Army. 

Fielding, John C— Co. D, 9th F,attalioii, P. G. 

Fien, Louis — 1914, Chicago, U. S. Navy. 

Fiester, H. C— 1918, U. S. X. IC F. 

Fillippin, Xat:ilc- V. S. Army. 

Finland, l{aym,.ii(l P.- Sul.. Depot, Q. M. C. 

Fishhack, Harry — U. S. Army. 

Fisher, Amos — U. S. Army. 

Fitzsimmons, Frank T.— Sept. 191S, S. A. T. C,, Xotre Dame. 

Fitzsimmons, Royal J.— Dixon, Xov. 27, 1917, Municipal Pier, f'hicago, l"'. S. Naval 
Reserve Force, Ensign July 29, 1919. Ser\-ed on army transpoits. 

Flack, Rex D.— U. S. Army. 

Flick, Ralph M.— Sept. 1918, S. A. T. C. 

Flemnung, E. C— U. S. N. R. T. 

Fleming, Samuel — U. S. Army. 

Flemming, Thomas — U. S. X. Pi. F. 

Florschentz, Albert J.- U. S. Army. 

Fluehr, Frank— U. S. Ariii.w 

Fockler, Luther — U. S. .Army. 

Fordyce, Albert— .May 191S. Bat. C, 123d F. A. Served with 3.3d Division. One 
year with A. E. F. 

Fo.ster, Kenneth — U. S. Army. 

Fowler, Benjamin F.— F. S. Army. 

Fox, George W. — I'. S. Army. 

Fox, Floyd E.— Ordnance Dept., A. E. F., Co. B, 122d Eng. 

Fox, R. J.— L'. S. Army. 

Fox, Wilbur K.— U. S. Army. 

Foy, John E.— U. S. Army. 

Freed, Charles H.— U. S. Army. 

Freas, Guy E.— Sept. 5, 1918, Co. F, 116th Engineers. Served in France. 

Freese, Max — U. S. Army. 

Freese, Otto— May 1918, Co. D, 13th Lif., Camp Fremont, Cal. 

Freeze, Albert— 123d Field Art., Co. C. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Frerichs, Albert A.— 6Utli C. A. C. 

Friborg, Carl W.— U. S. Army. 

Friedline, Dudley— October 1917, Camp Grant. Baiul, 342d Inf., Band 14th F. A., 
4th Division. Sciv(>d with .\. K. F. in France and Clermany. 

Fritz, Leon ('.— !'. S. .\rm>-. 

Fruin, Earl W.- lOlS, Ambulance Driver American Red CroPP. 

Fruin, Lloyd J.— Dixon, May 31, 191S, .Jeffei'son Barracks, :Mo., Co. A SS.oth Replace- 
ment Regiment. 

Frost, Dewey— June 25, 1917, 123d Heavy F. A., Camii Logan, Texas. 

Fulton, Robert E.— June 1918, Ft. Sheridan, S. A. T, ( '. Second Lieutenant. 

Funk, Chester R.— June 1918, V. S. N. R. F., Creat Lakes. 

Gale, Albert L.— June 3, 1917, Chicago, Co. I, lOth Infantry, Sergeant. 

Gannon, Joe — Ammunition Train, 85th Division. Served with A. E. F. for one year. 

Gardner, Oscar— Dixon, June U, 1918, Great Lakes Naval Station, U. S. N. R. F. 

Gardner, Ray A.— Dixon, Oct. 3, 1917, Camp Logan, Houston Texas, Co. B, 132d Inf. 
Served with 33d Division in France. Army of Occupation, Luxemburg 

Gardner, Frank D.— S. A. T. C, Chicago University. 

Gardner, Fred — Air Service, First Lieutenant. 

Gardner, John C. — U. S. Army. 

Gardner, Sanford B. — Camp Grant, 342d Infantry. 

Garland, Frank— July 1918, Camp Grant, U. S. Army. 

Garland, Thomas P.— May 1918, Camp Gordon, U. S. Army. Served in France. 

Gascoigne, Charles F.— Oct. 4, 1917, U. S. Army. 

Gascoigne, Harold S. — I'. S. Army. 

Gaylor, Fred W.— U. S. Army. 

Gebhart, Harry C— August 1918, Ft. Th.omas, Ky. 

Gehant, AUiert L.— U. S. Army. 

Geiger, Thomas H. — U. S. Army. 

Gentry, Hobart F.— Jefferson Barracks, Co. A 55th Inf., 7th Division, Co. C, 104th 
Inf., 26th Div. In action St. Mihiel, and Argonne. Gassed Nov. 9th 1918. 

Gentry, Homer I — U. S. Army. 

George, Wylie R. — Color Sergt. 28th Engineei-s. 

Gerdes, Galen G.— Sept. 1918, C\imp Cirant, Medical Corps. 

Gewecke, William F.— U. S. Army. 

Geyer, Frank W.— U. S. Army. 

Gibson, Emmitt A. — U. S. Army. 

Gilbert, Junia M.— Franklin Grove, 111., Dec. 1, 1917, Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 2nd 
Motor Mechanic, Heg. Kitli Co., A. E. F. 

Gilbert, Lee W'.- V. S. .Vrmy. 

Gilbert, Paul E.— U. S. Aiiny. 

Gillan, Charles J.— U. S. .Vrmy. 

Ginter, Albert H.— U. S. Army. 

Gipson, David W. — U. S. Army. 

Girton, Edward— U. S. Army. 

Girton, Walter H.— U. S. Army. 

Goldsmith, Otto N.— U. S. Army. 

Gorham, Frank J.— June 1917, Chicago, U. S. S. \'ermont. May 1919, Gunners mate 
2nd class. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Graff, Joseph C\— Dixon, 111., .Juir' 1.5, 191S, Camp Grant, Camp Grant Training De- 
tachment Co. 37, 161st Depot Brigade. 

Graff, Warren Q.— Aiiril 1917, Dixon, Batt. C, 123(1 F, A., Cnrporal. Served with 
33d Div. A. E. F. 

Graham, Frank .J.-U. S. Ainiy, 

Graham, George A.— Ashlcm, Oct. .'., lOlS, Evanston 111., S. A. T. C. 

Graham, Frank E.-T. S. Aiin>-. 

Graves, Leroy F.— May 21, 1918, Co. M, 3d Inf., Eagle Pass, Texas. 

Green, Charles— U. S. N. R. F., Radio School, Great Lakes. 

Gramer, Frank E. — Co. B, 131st Inf. Served one year in France with 33d Division. 

Gridley, Frederick R.— Sejit. 191S. Urhana. S. A. T. C. 

Gridley, William W.— Air Service, I'. S. Army, Qualified as pilot. 

Griffitii, M. B.— Ashton, .Jnnc 191S, Great Lakes X. T. S., Radin Service. 

(iriffith, Stanwood J.— Ashton, Suiinncr of 1918, V. of Chicago, Aeroiilane section, 
al-^o Kelley Field. Instructor tlicr( until discharged. 

Grimm, Roger A.— Franklin Grove April 17, 1917, Paris Island S, C., Marines, 

Grohens, George C— Co. G. 47tli Infantry, 4th Division. Served witii A. E. F., 
killed in action August 10, 19 IS. 

Grost, William Henry- 19th Field Aitillery, .")th Division. 

Groth, James — LT. S. Army. 

Groth, Philip— U. S. Army. 

Grush, Boyd J. — 33d Division. Served one year in France. 

Guffey, Champ C— U. S. Army. 

Guffey, John I.— Sept. 1917, Camp Grant, Co, :\I, 342(1 Infantry, 

Gugerty, John — U, S, Ariii>-, 

Guinnip, Raymond D.— Dec. 11, 1917, Chicago, Co, I, 38th Inf., Third Div, Served 
with A. E, F. Wounded, July 1918, Maine River, 

Guptil, Earl — U, S. Xavy, Served on a sulmiarine in the North Sea. 

Haas, John— I'. S, Army. 

Hacnitsch, AVilliam H,— Ashton, Nov. 19, 1917, Col, Bks, Ohio, Coast Artillery Corps, 
(^ne year in France. 

Hager, James W. N. — U. S. Army. 

Haines, Victor C— Oct. 1917, Camp Grant, Co. C, .503d Engineers. Served 18 months 
in France. 

Haley, Edward— U. S. X. R. F., Great Lakes. 

Haley, James E. — U. S. Army. 

Haley, Jeremiah — April 1918, Jefferson Barracks, 27th Infantry. Served in Silieria. 

Hallgren, Edward — U. S. Army. 

Hamil, Edwin F.— ]May 1918, Mot(.)r Truck Co. 397. Served as cliauffeur in France, 
Germany and Italy. 

Hanke, John — U. S. Army. 

Handell, Arthur C— 1915, Dixon, Supply Sergt. Batt. F, 123(1 F. A. Served one year 
in A. E. F. with 33d Division. 

Hann, Paul R.— U. S. Army. 

Hanneman, Roy L.— Sept. 17, 1917, Co. D, 503 R, D, Engineer's Servic/e A, E. F. 

Hanson, Bremmer— A.shton, Sept, 23, 1917, Barton, Xeb,, Co, G, (51st Inf,, ,5th Div. 
A. E. F. and Army of Occupation. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Hanson, Urban— Ashton, Aug. 17, 1917, Jefferson Bks. Mo.. Batt F, 17th Field Art. 
2nd Division. A. E. F. and Army of Occupation. 

Hardesty, Guy— Dixon, Jan. 1917, Rock Island Arsenal, Co. G, 6th I. X. G., Battery 
C, rZid V. S. Heavy Field Artilley. 

Harhaugh, Grover C.— Co. C, 11th Marines. A. E. F. 

Harkins, James E. — Air Service, San Antonio, Texas. 

Harnish, Klein — U. S. Army. 

Harrington, Frank L. — July 1917, Chicago, Co. C, 13tli Engineers. Served in Fr;ince 
for almost t\v<i years. 

Hartman, Iia W.— U. S. Army. 

Hartshorn, Wai'd G.— Dec. 5, 1917. Great Lakes Radio Dept., U. S. Navy. Radio 
second classs. 

Hartzcll, Dwight— Asliton, May 29. 1917, Cireat Lakes X. T. S.. U. S. S. Delaware 
and Wyoming. Moi-e than a year in fdi'rign waters. Present at the surrender of the Ger- 
man fleet following the signing of the .\i-mistice. 

Hartzell, Floyd F.— U. S. Army. 

Hartzell, Roy D.— Ashton, Houston Texas. 1st class Sgt. Aviation Dejit. 

Harvey, Edward F.— Sept. 1918, Camp Cirant. Co. 1.5, IGL^t Depot Brigade. 

Har\'ey. ( ieorge — Sergt . Co. .\, 147tli Engineers. Served in France. 

Harvey, Howard -U. S. Xavy. 

Harvey, Thomas .1.— Cori). Batt. C, 123(1 F. A. Served with 33d Div. at St. Mihiel 
and Argonne. 

Haslam, Rol)ert — 1914, England, British Xavy. Serv(>d throughout the war in the 
BritLsh Xavy. 

Hasselherg. Carl M.— May 25, 1918, ,501 Quarter :Masters Corps Dept. Served in 
France. 

Hassell.eig. I'^lmer V . S. Army. 

Haskell, Williani Howard— Moliile Hospital Xo. 39, A. E. F. Infantry Med. Corps. 

Hasselberg, Hjalmar- Aug. 9, 1917, Xavy. 

Hastings, Claudi' .March 13, 1917, 34th Inf.. Co. K. Camp MeArthur, AVaco Texas. 

Hatcher, Frank — U. S. Army. 

Hatton, Silas W.— U. S. Army. 

Haueter, Albert J.— Dixon, Sept. 20, 1917, Camp CJrant, l.'^t Gunner, Heavy F. A. 
Bat. C, 123d, 33d Division, June S, 1919. Served in France. 

Hawhecker, Elmer— U. S. .Vrmy. 

Haynes, Francis F.— S. A. T. C., Lewis Institute. 

Hazelman, Ithiel — Mar. 21, 191S, Ordnance Dept,, Corporal. Served in France. 

Hazlip, Edward— U. S. Arm>-. 

Heckman, Edward J. Sergt. Co. C, 12Sth Inf., 32d Division. Served in all major 
offensives and with ainiy of occupation. 

Heckman, l'"r:iiicis — U. S. Army. 

Heckman, Josrph J.— C. M, 37th Inf. Served with A. E. F. 

Heckman, \\:dter D.— Oct. 1917. Camp Grant, 312d Inf. Served in France. 

Hedburg, David Leonard-T. S. Army. 

Hess, Carl D.- Tank Corps, Camp Colt. 

Hess, Ephraim li. — Sejit. 1917, Sergt. 3()4th Held Hemount Station. Served one year 
with A. E. F. 

Hefley, Arthur T.— F. A. C. (). T. S., Camp /achaiT Taylor, Ky. 

Hefley, Alva- V. S. Armv. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Hefley, Lee L.— U. S. Navy, Vjiii. 1st class. Traiisp.ut duty, V. S. Xavy. 

Heldman, Claude E.- ,hmc ."), 1917. Caiiip (liaiit, Co. K. KUst Inl'antiy. Killed in 
active service in France. 

Hemenway, Dean — U. S. Ai'iny. 

Hemenway, Harold — U. S. Army. 

Henderson. Ray — U. S. Arin.w 

Hendricks, Alfred — U. S. Arinw 

Hendrix, George — U. S. Ariii.\-. 

Heng, Silas J.— May 1. I'.MS. .IdfrrsDii Barracks, :\Io., Sl.st Infantry, Co. B. Served 
in Siberia Aug. 1918 to Jan. 1919. 

Henley, Samuel — U. S. .\iiiiy. 

Hennessy, Charles P.- 1917. Atlanta Ca., First Lieut. M. T. C. 

Henning, Leon— U. S. Arin>-. 

Heiuy, Alexander— Reynolds. V. S. Army. 

Henry, Edward J.— .July 191S, Cami) Crant, Co. F, 311th Engineers. Served in 
France. 

Hem-y. Elliott ,].- West P,i-ooklyn. Alay 1918. Jefferson Barra.ks. K-lth Infantry. 

Henry, Eugene F. — U. S. Ariuy. 

Henry, Leo L. — Reynolds. U. S. Army. 

Hensel, Ralph C— Oct. 12, 1912, He-enlisted 191.5 at Portland Oregon, P>at. B, 2nd. 
F. A., Silla, Okla. 

Herbst, Mark— U. S. Army. 

Herbst, William M.— Nacimsa. II. (l Co. 13th Inf., Sth Division, Cam|i Fremont, Cal. 

Herrera, John H. — U. S. .Vnnw 

Herrick, Melissa— Naciiusa. .lune 4, 1917. Ft. Snclling, Army Nm-se Corps, Fort AIc- 
Henry Hosp. No. 2. Served one >-ear in France. 

Herrman, Alfred J. — I'. S. .\rm>-. 

Herrmann, Anthony J.- Oct. 23. 191S, Camp Crant, Feb. 12, 1919. 

Herrmann. Elmer A.- May 21. 191S. JeftVrson Barracks, Mo.. V. S. Army.. Alarch 15, 
1919. 

Herrington, Francis Leroy — 13th Engineers. Served IS months in l'"rance. 

Herron, William B. — U. S. Army. 

Herwig, Lee C— Ashton, 1918, R. (). T. C. Univ. of Illinois. Slaved at U. of Wis. 
until after signing of Armistice, 2nd Lt. Inf. U. S. A. 

Hewitt, Frank W.— U. S. Army. 

Heuer, Arthur — U. S. Navy. 

Hewitt, Hewey W.— FrankUn Ci-ove, .June (i, 1918, Dixon 111., tiuarlermaster Corps, 
Co. 40, Dec. 17, 1918, 2nd Lieut. 

Herzfieldt, Joseph— U. S. Ai my. 

Hicks, Darrance — Paw Paw, .Vpi-. 23, 1917. Served with Coast Artillery. 

Hicks, Wallace M.— Q. M. Department Instructors Co. No. 4. Camp Johnston. Fla. 

Higley, Clarence H.— U. S. Army. 

Hill, Clifford— Oct. 1918, Ames, la., S. A. T. C. 

Hillicker, Geo. Andrew— I. C. O. T. C, U. S. Army. 

Hinchman, J. H. — U. S. Army. 

Hippie, Marion— Army Nmse Corps, Cen. Hosp. No. 14, Walter Reed. 

Hirschman, Edw-ard J.- V . S. ,Viiu>'. 

Hintz, Elwood C— :\Iedical Corps, U. S. Hos. No. IG, New Haven, Conn. Served 
as an instructor for disabled men. 



24S WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

Hix, JaiiR'is C— U. y. Anny. 

Hoeller, Jacob C— U. S. Army. 

Hoff, Holman E.— Jan. 3, 191S, Sterling HI., Aviation. Served 13 month.s in France, 
June 15, 1918. 

Hoff, Walter L.— U. S. Army. 

Hoff, Wilbur— Oct. 1918, Dixon, S. A. T. ('. Cornell (la.) College. 

Hoff, William— U. S. Army. 

Hoffmaster, Walter R. — Ordnance Dept., U. S. Army. 

Hogan, Frank ().- May 14, 1917, Ft. Benjamin Hari'ison, 9th Inf., 2nd Division and 
Advance Section S. (). S., first Lieutenant. Fifteen months in France. 

Hogan, Harry W.— Sept. 1917, Camp Grant, Co. A, 59th Inf. 4th Division. Serveil 
with A. E. F., wounded at Soissons, July 18, 1918, discharged January 1919. 

Hogan, John Jr. — Q. M. C. Butchery Co. No. 309. Served 15 months in France. 

Holcomb, Elmer R. — U. S. Army. 

Hoggard, Clifford D.— Served 15 months in France with Troop G, 6th Cavalry. 

Holler, Fred H.— Co. E, 311th Ammunition Train. Served in France. 

Holler, McCord F.— Co. M, 37th Inf. 

Holley, Charles E.— U. S. Army. 

Honeycutt, John M.— Sept. 1918, Camp Grant. Dischai'ged on S. ( ". D., Sept. 7, 1918. 

Hord, James T. — U. S. Army. 

Hopkins, Niel M.— U. S. Army. 

Horton, Claude E.— June 13, 1917, Springfield, 111., Signal Corps, Aviation Section, 
823 Squadron, Feb. 7, 1919, 2nd Lieutenant. 

Howard, Harvey — U. S. Army. 

Hotchkiss, Charles D. — U. S. Army. 

Howell, Martin— May 1918, Co. M, 37th Inf. 

Howell, Wesley— June 1918, Depot Brigade, Camp Johnston, Fla. 

Hoyle, Edward S.— Dixon, Nov. 8, 1917, Jefferson Baiiacks, Scpiadron 242, Aviation 
Corps. 

Hoyle, Russell J.^ Dixon, Jan. 23, 1918, Camii Hancock, :\Iotor Mechanics, 3rd Reg. 
Sergeant. Served in France. 

Ilul.hai-.l, Lloyd M.— Dixon, Dec. (5, 1917, Jefferson Barracks, 269th Aero Squadron, 
Corpor<il. 

Hubbcll, Earl— Indianapolis Ind., Batt. D, 56th Reg. C. A. C, A. E. F. Served in 
France. 

Huberty, A. C— U. S. Army. 

Huggins, Arthur L. — U. S. Ai-niy, A. E. F. France and Germany. 

Huggins, Lloyd J.— Dixon, Ajiril 1917, Bat. C, 123d F. A., Sergeant. France, Army of 
Occupation. 

Humphrey, Edward F. — U. S. Army. 

Hunt, Helen Eva— Red Cross. 

Ilui-d, Leo J.— Ashton, Sept. 191S, l-A-anston, S. A. T. C. 

Huid, .lules M.— 139th F. A., H. C^. Co. 

Hurd, Maurice— 139th Field Art. Hq. Co. 

Hurd, Paul— Ashton, August 1917, Chicago, Ra^lio Dept., 122nd Field Artillery, 
33r(l Division. One year overseas service in A. E. F. and Army of Occupation. 

Hurless, Glenn G.— Q. M. C., U. S. Army. 

Hussey, ]\Iedric— Oct. 1917, Camp Grant, Co. M, 342n(l Inf. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Hutchinson, Nelson J.— Dixnii, Mar 12, 191S, 4:51 Mofur Tiuck, 41:3 Sui>ply Train 
Q. M., France. 

Hutcliinson, Sanford— Ashton, 1917, Rock Lsland, 111., Co. (.;, Gtli Inf. and 12;3d F. A. 
3:3rd Division, June 8, 1919. One year overseas service. 

Hutchinson, Wilbur W.— Oct. 4, 1917, Camp Grant, Headquarters Co. :3:3d Div., 
Fi-ance. Served in France. 

Hyde, .James Harland^dth AVis. Inf., Headquarters :32n(l Division, A. K. F. Took 
pai't in all inajor offensives. 

Irwin, Floyd- 1'. S. Army. 
Irtel, C,.nai'd-r. \V. Army. 
Irwin, .\rtliur F, V. S, Army. 
Ivy, Rudolph E.- r. S. Army. 

.July, Orville \\.—V. S. Army. 

Jacobs, John^Sept. 1917. Cami) Cianl, Co. D, i:32iid Inf., May :31, 1919. One year 
overseas, Somme ami Aleuse-.\iii()niir i>ffcnsi\-c. Army of occupation. 

Jacobs, Sherwood P. — U. S. Army. 

James, Edward A.— May 14, 1917, Ft. Sheridan, Heavy Artillery, First Lieutenant. 
Served in France. 

Jamieson, W. H. — L'. S. ,\rm>-. 

Jann.sen, Fred— Dixon, Alay 22, 191S, Jeffer.son Barracks, Co. M, :37tli Inf. 

Jeanblanc, Benedict — L'. S. Army. 

Jeanguenat, Elmer H.— Nelson, Feb. 191S, Camp Grant, Field Remount Station, 
U. S. Army. Served in France. 

Jensen, Christian W. — U. S. Army. 

Jensen, Vigo — U. S. Army. 

Jensen, William — I'. S. Army. 

Jessee, Ballard P.— I'. S. Army. 

Jessee, Bowden T. — I'. S. Army. 

Jobe, Roy L.— I'. S. .Army. 

Jolms, Henry A.- Co. A, 47th Inf, 

Johnson, Albert— Amboy, 111,, Oct, 1917, Camp Grant, HISth Trench :\IortarBattery. 
Served in France with :3:3d Division. Died of wounds Seiit. 2.3, 191S. 

Johnson, Alfred M.- Apr. 191S, Jeffer.son Barracks, Mo, Served in Sibeiia. 

Johnson, Otis M.— June 191S, Camp Grant, Served in France with Artillery. S(>th 
Division. 

Johnson, Clarence— Ashton, June 4, 1918, Chicago, 111,, U. S. N. \{. V. Seaman, 
Signal Corps, Mar. :3, 1919. 

Johnson, Ephraim B. — IMay 191S, Jefferson Barracks. Served in Siljeria. 

Johnson, George H.— I'. S. Army. 

Johnson, Harley A. — U. S. .Vrniy. 

Johnson, Howard — U. S. Army. 

Johnson, Jesse R. — Sept. 1917, Camp Grant, Co. B, i:32nd Inf. Served one year in 
France with 33d Division. 

Johnson, Leonard — June 1, 191S. Camp Gordon, 9th Inf. Served in France with 
Second Division. 

Jolmson, Morris H. — V. S. Army. 

Johnson, Oscar — Mechanic 3d Aero Sciuadron, V. S. Army. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



.loliiison, Halph April 1917. Cmit Lakes, May 14, 1917. 

,I(,lins(.ii, William— Mar. 191S. .IcfiVrson Rarrack.s Coast ArtiUcry Corps. Served in 
Hawaii. 

Jones, Edwaid- Sept. 191S, Omaha. S. A. T. C, Creighton College, Omaha. 

Jones, Elijah C.— Sept. 191S, Camii (irant, 20th Co. 161st Depot Brigade. 

Jones, Gerald— Sept. 1918, Notre Dame. Ind.. S. A. T. C. 

Jones, Haile — June 1918, Camp Grant. 341st Infantry. 

Jones, Roy 1X1.— 123d M. G. Bn., 33d Div.. A. E. F. 

Jones, Willanl M.— F. S. Army. 

Joregenson, Lewis K.— U. S. Ainiy. 

Joseph, George — U. S. Army. 

Joyce, John — U. S. Army. 

Judge, Martin— Great Lakes. U. S. X. R. F. 

Jungdohl, Arthur- U. S. Army. 

June, Milo — U. S. Army. Served in France. 

.lulien, Wayne — 1916, Minneapolis, U. S. Cavalry. Promoted to 2nd Lieut. Served 
in France. 

Kaalaas. (.)Iaf— Fcl). 1918. Camp Grant. 434 Truck Co., M. T. S. Served one year in 
France. 

Kachos, Thomas G.— U. S. Army. 

Kane, John L. — U. S. Army. Served with A. E. F. 

Kastner, Otto C— Co. L 342nd Lif., :\Iilitary Poliee. 7th Division. A. E. F. 

Keane, Timothy F.-— 41st Co., 4th Reg. Inf. 

Keane, John Leo— 130th, Eng., U. S. Army. 

Keay, John M.— U. S. Army. 

Keefer, Raymond — U. S. Navy. 

Keho, Andrew J.— July 16, 1917, Chicago. Sergt. 108th Eugs. Promoted to Lieu- 
tenant, 129th Inf., one year in France with 33d Division. 

Keenan, Frank J. — Sept. 15, 1917, 503d Service Battalion Co. D, Engineers. Spent 
18 months in France. 

Keenan, Joseph— Dec. 1917, South Bend, Ind., V. S. X. 1!. F. Promoted to Ensign. 

Keigwin, Jame.s R. — Hamilton, Sept. 191S, Urliana. S. A. T. C. University of Illinois. 

Kehm, ( 'hristian J.— U. S. Army. 

Kcefei-, George E. — V . S. Army. 

Keister, Jesse— Feb. 1918, Camp Grant, Co. C, 36th Bn., U. S. Guards. 

Kelleher, Charles — U. S. Army. 

K(>lleher, Edward T.— U. S. Army. 

Keller, John .1. r. S. Army. 

K.'lley. .lames H. M.arcli I9IS. Camp Gordon, Head(iuar1ers, S9th Division, A. E. F. 

K(4ley, Lawrence J.- V. S. Army, 

Iv'lley, I'aul E. -March II. I91S, Training Co. Xo. 20. Camp Johnston, Jacksonville, 
Florida. 

K<4ky, Peter P. A|.ril 191S, Jefferson Barracks, C,,. D. 13th Infantry. 

Kells, James L. 3llth Inf. 7Sth Division. 

K(41s, Charles T. March I9IS, l)ix,,n, 3lllh Inf., 7Sth Division, Served with A. 
E. }■. ,at Si. Mihi,4 and .Meuse-.\rgonne. 

Kelly, Aaron ¥. Alay 191S. Camp Gordon, Sergt, U, S. Army. Served hi France. 

Kellv, Clarence L.— 2.-;3d Aero Sciuadron A. E. F. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY. ILLINOIS 2^ 

Kelly, Henry .).- Se])!. 1!)IS, C:!!,!]) (Ir.-iiil, Co. ICi, M. (1. T. C, ( ■amp Hancock, (la. 

Kelly, James E.- Maytowii. April I'.HS, Camp ( liaiit , Hat. F, 12:^,.l F. .V. Served with 
33d Division A. F. F. Woun.led in action. 

Kelly, John S. .Vpril 1917, Dixon, ( 'o. C, tith Inf., Bat. C, 123d F. A., Stijiply Sergt. 
Served one year in France with 33d Division. 

Kelly, Paul C.- V. S. Army. 

Kempster, Joh.n D., Jr.- Lee Center. Sept, 191S, S, A. T. C., Carthage College. 

Kennedy, William P.- .lime 1917, Chicago, Co, C, 13th Engineers. Served in France 
from August 1917 to .May 1919. 

Kent, Andrew P.- S, A. T, C, Cornell College. 

Kent, Leroy J.- May 27, 191S, Camp Cordon, Corp. Co. L, 7th Inf. Woimd.'d in 
action. 

Kerslen, Harry J.-U. S. Army. 

Kersten, llerl.ert A.— U. S. Army. 

Kersten, ( )rno J.— Sept. 1918, FrLana, S. A. T. C. 

Kerslen, Oscar J,— U, S, Army. 

Kersten, Haiay- :\Iay 1. 191S. .leffeison. Servi'd as jjrivate 27th Inf., A. E. F. in 
Siberia. 

Kersten, Otto J.— U. S. Army. 

Kleislie, Chester— Dixon, June 26, 1916, Dixon, 111., Co. G, 6th Inf., Bat. C, 123d 
H. F. A., June 8th 1919. France one year, St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argoime. 

Kessel, Elmer A.— April 1918, Camp Grant, Co. 6, 161st Depot Brigade. 

Kessel, Thomas E.— 13th Reg. Marines, A. E. F. 

Ketchmark, Peter T.— U. S. Army. 

Kettley, Evans A.— U. S. Army. 

Kiefi'i', George F. — U. S. Arm>'. 

Kuuhall, G. W.--:\Iar. 191S, Ft. Riley, Kansas, Caiitain M. C, 

Kime, Ellis L.— U. S. Army. 

Iving, Albert F.- IMay 30, 191S, Co. E, 4.-) U, S. Infantry, Montgomery Alabama. 

Kipler, Frederictk M.— Franklin Grove, Sept. 17, 1917, Camp Grant, Mechanic Co. M, 
39th Inf., 4th Division. Took part in Soissons, Chateau Thierry, St. Mihiel and Arg.mne 
drives. Severely wounded Oct. 7, 1918, losing right arm. 

Kirby, (k'orge— Great Lakes, Dec. 1917, U. S. X. R. F. 

Kirb>-, John— U. S. Army. 

Kirby, William J.— Nov. 1917. Jefferson I^arracks, Corp. .■i7th C. A. C. Served in 
France. 

Kite, William E.-- V . S. Army. 

Kittleson, Peter— l". S. Aiany. 

Klein, Daniel — Dixon, V. S. Arm.\-. 

Klein, Heniy P.- .lime 191,S, Kansas City, Motor Truck Co, .540, \l. S. T. 427. Served 
in France. 

Klepinger, Harold — I'. S. .Vrm>'. 

Kling, Carl L.- Dixon, June S. 1917, Champaign, 111., Bat. F, M9th Fi.'ld A, ( li.ain- 
bow Div.), Served in iMance in e\-eiy battle with liainbow Division until wounded by 
shrapnel, losing his left eye, in the .Vrgonne, October 1918. 

Klingebeil, August F.— Ashton, Sept. 1917, Camp Clrant, 4th Engineers, 4th Div. 
18 months in France. 

Klingebeil, Christian — Ashton, U, S. Army. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Kliiifichcil, William F.— Ashtoii, Mavcii 1918, Dixon, Coast Artilh-rv Corps, Ft. Williams, 
Me. 

Kiiapp, Nicholas A.— April 1918, Camp Grant, 353(1 Inf., S9th Div., A. E. F. KilU-d 
in action Oct. 28, 1918, in the Argonne. 

Knapp, Vernon— Oct. 1918, Urbana, S. A. T. C. 

Knauer, Louise — Nov. 1917, Ft. Riley, Kas., Army Nurse Corjis. Served in France. 

Knauss, Samuel J.— .July 25, 1917, Co. G, lOSth Amnumition Train A. E. F. 

Knefer, August J.— 131st Co. F, 35th Div. 

Knetsch, James ,1. — U. S. .\rmy. 

Knetsch, James D. — U. S. Army. 

Knoll, Walter J.— U. S. Army. 

Knox, George T.— Dixon, June 10, 1917, IVlagdalena N. M., 2nd Eng. Tn., 2n(l Div., 
Aug. 14, 1919. Verdun, Chateau Thierry, Marne, St. Mihiel, ( 'hampagne, Meuse- Argonne, 
Army of Occupation. 

Koch, Edward — U. S. Army. 

Koch, John A. L. — U. S. Army. 

Koenig, Albert — U. 8. Army. 

Koon, Harry — U. S. Army. 

Kost, Byron D.^Dixon, 111., :May 28, 191S, Detention Camp Co. 9, Clerical work. 
Co. C, 325 Inf., 82 Div. Serv(>d with A. E. F. 

Krohenbuhl, Alfred — U. S. Army. 

Krehl, George W. — U. S. Army. 

Kreitzer, Arthur V.— Franklin Grove, 111., :\Iay 24, 1918. Jefferson Barracks, Columl)ia, 
S. C, 23rd Training Bat. F. A. R. D. 

Kreitzer, Lee B.— Franklin Grove, III, June 14, 1918, Kansas City, :Mo., Rake Auto 
and Tractor School, Co. C, Kansas City, Mo. 

Kreitzer, Russell — Franklin Grove, 111., May 24, 1918, Camp Johnson, Jacksonville, 
Fla., Co. 5, Block B 29, Quartermaster' Dept. 

Krot, Frank— Co. G, 11th Inf., U. S. Army. Served in France. 

Kugler, William L.-()et. 1918, Ames, la., S. N. T. C. 

Kuhn, Harry D.— 151st Inf. 

Kununer, Mike — I'. S. Arm>'. 

Kuhn, Edwin — 2nd Lieut. 151st Inf. Served in France. 

Kurtzrock, Edward V. — U. S. N. R. F., Ensign. Transport service. 

Kurtzrock, William — Naval air service. Served 6 months in France. 

Kuyrkendahl, Floyd — V. S. Army. 

Lahman, Carroll — Franklin Grove, U. S. Army. 

Lahman, Harry Eugene — Franklin Grove, V. S. Army. 

Lahman, Leroy — Franklin Grove, U. S. Arni>-. 

Laidig, Glenn A.— Dixon, June, Rock Island Arsenal, Co. G, Gth 111. Inf. Batt. C, 
123 F. A., Private. 

Lally, Raymond — Harmon, I'. S. Army. 

Lally, Roscoe E.~Harnion, 328th Repair Unit, :M. T. C. 

Lally, Ray— Coast AniUery Co. 15. 

Lam, Ezra J. — U. S. .Vrmy. 

Lambert, Dale— :\Iay 27, 1917, Jefferson Barracks, IT. S. Army. 

Lambert, Floyd F.— Co. L, 13th Inf., Camp Fremont, Ca]. 

LamlxMt, Joseph D.— ]\Iay 20, 1918, Jefferson Barracks, Mo., Ft. Constitution, N. H. 
Bat. B, 73d C. A. C. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 25^1 

Laii.lwcr, l\iul Iv— Camp (Iraut, l'. S. Aniiy, 

Laiiiiinii, Lindsay— r. S. Army. 

Lapliam, Edward— U. S. Navy, Lieutenant. ( ummanded a suLmarine. 

Larson, Alfred — V. S. Army. 

Latimer, Robert M. — U. S. Army. 

Lauer, Amor L. — V. S. Arm>'. 

Lavell, Thomas J.— Camp Grant. 122n<l F. A., A. E. F. Killed in acti.m, in the Ar-onne. 

Lawton, Merwin C— Sept. 191S, Frl.ana, S. A. T. C. 

Leas, Ray— Co. C, ooth Inf., 7th Division. 

Leffelman, Cecil — U. S. Army. 

LeFever, Geort^e E.— June 24, lOlS, Camp Grant, ,S(iih Div., also Co. G, 4th P. E. R. 
Q. M. C. 

Lehman, Leroy — Camj) Lewis, Sept. lOlS, Me(Ueal ('mps. 

Leger, Carl H.— Franklin Grove, 111., April 2,S, 191S, ,lefrers()n liarraeks, M>.. Co. 15, 
1st Field Bat., U. S. Si-nal Crps, A. E. F. 

Leggett, Ira :M.— U. S. Army. 

Lemmon, Albert G.- V . S. .Viiny. Served in France. 

Lenox, Clyde H.— :\Iar. 4. lOLS, (^uarlermasicr's Corps, 309 Butchery Co. Served 
one year in France. 

Lenox, Harold E.— May 25. 1917, Sergeant, (l M. C. Served in France from Sept. 
1917 to June 1919. 

Lepley, Ray B.— U. S. Army. 

Letl, Adolph F.-Sublette, Co. G, (Ith 111. Inf., Batt. C, A, 123d F. A. June S, 1919, 
Private, one year in France. 

Levan, Reuben- 1st ('o. I. R. C., Camp Cii.ster. 

Lewis, Lloyd G.— April 1917, Dixon, Capt. H. (I Co. 123d F. A. Rose from Private 
to Captain, served one year with A. E. F. 

Lewis, Ira W.— April 1917, Dixon, Supply Sergt., H. (I 123d F. A. Sei'ved one year 
with 33d Div. A. E. F. 

Leydig, Irving F.— Dixon, Feb. 1918, Cheyenne, Wyoming, Camp Meigo, Wash. 
D. C, Q. M. C. Co. No. 7. 

Lievan, Avery — Dixon, May 3, 1918, Camp Grant, 314th Annnunition Train, 89th 
Div. Served in France. 

Lievan, Warren — .5th Div. Served in France. 

Linsberg, Ray H. — U. S. Army. 

Lindsay, Chauncy A.- I'. S. Aiiny. 

Loan, Nathan P. — I'. S. Army. 

Loftus, Wilham M.— Apr. 2(1, 191S, Camp Grant, 353d Inf., 89th Div. Wounded at 
St. Mihiel. 

Lloyd, diaries E.— Sept. 13, 1918, Camp Grant, Co. M, 342 Inf. Discharged June 
19, 1919, wounded July 31, at Chateau Thierry, right leg was ani])Utated above knee. 

Lloyd, Theodore— Enlisted at Steiiing, V. S. Army. 

Long, Earl J. — U. S. Army. 

Long, Herbert J.— June 1918, Great Lakes, U. S. N. R. F. 

Long, Joseph G. — U. S. Army. 

Long, Lewis T. — May 191S, Camp Gordon, Ga., U. S. Army, Sergeant. 

Long, Richard— April 2(1, 191S, Camp Giant, Sup|)ly Co., 34th Inf. Served in France. 

Long, Roy — U. S. Army. 

Long, William J.— July 26, 1918, Camp Grant, Co. M, 342nd Infantry. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Longman, Harry M. — U. S. Army. 

Lord, Merritt M.— Dixon, May 14, 1917, Ft. Sheridan, Air Service, pursuit jiilot. 

Loring, Irvin — U. S. Army. Served in France. 

Losey, Raymond — Camp Taylor, Corporal, [Motor Tiansjiort Corps. 

Lott, Grover— Feb. 2, 1918, Forsyth Montana, Battery D, 12Sth F. A., A. E. F. France. 

Lovell, Leslie F.—V. S. Army. 

Lovering, Ray F.— Sul)Ie1te, May 2.i, 191S, Camp Ciordon, Ga., U. S. Army. Sailed 
July 15, 1918. 

Lujan, Edwar.l U. S. Army. 

Luke, Fred' Amboy, .huie .i, 1917, ('ami) Grant, Battery F, 124th F. A. Sei'ved in 
France. 

Luk(>, William' V. S. Army. 

Luiiey, Pvay T.- Sept. I91S, (.'olumhus Barracks, Clerk, Limited service Detachment. 

Lupt.iii, .h.sepli M.- r. S. Army. 

Luxtun, Fred U. S. Army. 

Luxton, Ernest A. — U. S. Army. 

Lynch, Joseph H. — U. S. Army. 

Lynch, Richai-d— U. S. Army. 

Lyon, :\Iack^ U. S. Army. 

Lyon, \\'illiam M.- :\Iay 1918, Sergeant 210th Signal Bn. 

Lloyd, Samuel- Enlisted Kansas, Feb. 9, 1917, 14()th Int., discharg.'d Feb. 21, 1919. 
Served in France. 

McAuliff, P. J.— May 1917, Corp. l". S. Marines Corps. Served in France. 

Macbeth, Hobart^U. S. Arrmy. 

McBeth, William M.- U. S. Ai-my. 

McBride, Edward N.- April 1918, Jefferson BaiTacks, Co. ]M, 27th Inf. Served in 
Siberia. 

McBride, Henry C.—V. S. Army. 

McCaffrey, David— U. S. Army. 

McCaffrey, Herbert— U. S. Army. 

McCaffrey, Joseph T.— 161st Depot Brigatle. 

McCaffrey, Patrick D.— Sept. 1917, Camp Grant, Slst Div., A. E. F., 2nd Lieutenant. 

McCann, Thomas P.— U. S. Army. 

McCai-y, luhvard W.- U. S. Army. 

Machaell, Bernard H.- May 27, 1918, Camp G.mlon, Ga. 

McClanahan, Normar.- Sei'ved with 2S1h Inf. 1st Division A. E. F., Corporal. Wound- 
ed ( let. IC), 191S. 

McCleaiy, .loscph H.- May 21, 1918, Fort ?*IcIntosh, Laredo, Texas. 

-McCoy, Dennis C.- U. S. Navy. 

McCoy, Frank J.— April 1917, Dixon, Military Police, :53d Division. Served one year 
with the A. E. F. 

McCoy, Henry J.— 1st Lieut. M. ('., llOth Inf., 2Sth Divi.sion. Served in France. 

McCoy, Lawrence- Se])!. 1917, Camp Grant, Cov|). Co. A, i:52nd Inf. Served with 
33d Division, A. E. F. for one year at Ilaniel, Sonnne River and in Meuse-Argonne. 

McCorry, Charles— Yeoman 1st class, V . S. Navy, (Ireat Lakes. 

McCiacken, ( denn W.— Amboy, July 22, 1917, Detroit, Mich., Kith Engineers Ry. 

McCray, Fr,-inklin F.— U. S. Army. 

Alacklev, James W.— U. S. Army. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Macklcy, H(iy- Coi-iionil :Wlsi F. A., A. Iv V. 

:MfDmiiott, Lcniy- CoiiHiial, l". S. Army. 

McDoniKitt, Hi'i-lici-t- Sept. 1<)17, ('amp (Irani, ('dip. Co. C, .^Stli Inf., 4tli Division. 
Wounded Aii^^ust IDIS, Pvctnrncd ti. V . S. and died ,]uiic 17, l<.ni». 

McDernu.tl, Ilaiiy M.- q. M. ('(U|)s, V. S. Army. 

:\[cFa(lden, Charles— July 20, 1918, e'arnp (.iortlon, (!a., V. S. Army. 

McFadden, Edward J.— May 30, 1918, Camp Sheridan, Ala., V . S. Army, 

McFadden, James— April 14, 1918, Jefferson Barracks, (^ M. ('., V. S. Aimy. Seived 
in France, 

Mc(!,wan, John M,- Au-, 191S, (ireat Lakes, U. S. N. R. F. 

McCovern, Th.imas Jr,— Sept. 1917. (amp Crant, Co. M. 342nd Inf. 

:\lc(;rath, Lawivnce P.— April 1917, Urliana 111., Pvt, 149lh F. A,, 42nd Div. Serv.'d 
with Haiid-ow Division in France and Geiinany. 

McGrath, Philii) H.^ Woosuni;', III., Dec. S, 1917, Ft. C.eortic Wash., 1101 Areo Squad- 
ron. Served in Frani'c for ahnost a year. 

McCrew, Charles G.~ V. S. Army. 

McCreiior, Ceoriic- I', S, Army. 

McCuire, Wdliani A.- U. S. Army. 

:McInerney, J<,hn--Camp (irant, l^att. A, 331st F. A., Served in France. 

Mclnlyre, Daniel S,- Motor Transport Corps, U. S. Army. Servcnl in F>ance. 

Mclntyi-e, l-'rank J, -Dixon, May 1918, 7th Co, Coast Artillery, Ft. Constitution, 
Portsmouth, X, H, 

Mclntyre, Harold E.- May 1917, ( h'and P.apids, Mich, Co. C, C.th Re,i>;. Railway 
Engineers, A. l']. F. Seive.l m Fran.v, 

:\lelntyre, John J,- Dixon, May 19IS, Aulomoliile Machinists Kansas City, Mo. 
IKith Inlantry, Served in I'lance, 

:Mclnery, .lohn- July 2.1, I'.tlS, Camp Grant. 

M.ack, Fl(,rian F.- V. S. Army. 

McKay, Hu^h- V. S. Army. 

McKay, Thomas— Alay 27, 191S, U. S, Army, 

McKeel, John S.— U. S. Army. 

:\IcKenney, Daniel W.— Aus. 1917, F't. Benjanun Flarrison, Co. I, lOlli Inf., Army 
Field Clerk, H. Q., Central Division. 

McKeown, Richard P.— U. S. Aimy. 

McKinney, George J.— May 30, 1917, Ft. Thomas, Kentucky, Co. G, 45th Reg.. 

MacKinnon, Charles — U. S. Army. 

Mackley, James W.— Eidisted 1914 at F'orf Slocum, X. Y. Battery A, .52nd F. A. 
Served in France. 

McKnight, Edward— July 1918, U. S. Army. 

McPherson, Charles— 108th Engineers, V. S, Army. Sei'ved in Fi-ance. 

McPherson, Clarence — Supply Co. 58th Int., 4th Division. Chateau Thierry, St. 
Mihiel and Meuse Argonne offensives. 

McRippeon, Vernon — I'. S. Army. 

MiAVethy, George E.— Moioi- Tiansport Corps, Unit No, 505. 

M(AVethy, Fred— U. S. Army. 

Madison, Alvin S. — U. S. Army. 

Majioski, Steve — U. S. Army. 

Mahan, John T.— U. S. Army. 

Mark. Fdorian — Corporal, Air Sei'vice, U. S. Army. 



2o6 WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

Mahan, Jotseph — June 1917, Chicago, Co. C. 13th l^iifiincfrs. Servcil ovM'scas from 
Aug. 1917 to May 1919. 

Mahan, William J.— 69th Co. Trans. Cor]3.s. 

Mahan, Ross F.— Feb. 1918, Medical Coi'ps, \'eterinary Division. Serv(>d in France. 

Maakestad, Norvald — U. S. Army. 

Maloney, William — U. S. Army. 

Mansfield, l{a>- A. — Camp Lewis, U. S. Army. 

Manges, Harry A. — 3rd Air Service, mechanic. A . E. F. 

Marks, Chfford L.— U. S. Army. 

Maronde, Clarence E.— Sept. IS, 1917, Camp Grant, Co. K, 7th Inf., 4th Division. 
Fought at Chatoau-Thieny. Wounded Aug. 10, 191S at the V(>sle Kiver, losing his right 

Maron.le, Harry W.^U. S. Army. 

Marshall, Charle.s — U. S. Arm>-. 

Marshall, Paul— U. S. Army. 

Marshall, Frank— Co. A, 11th Batt., U. S. Guards. 

Pvichard, P.— U. S. Army. 

Martenson, Arthur— May 21, 191S. Ft. Constitution, Portsmouth N. H., Coast Artillery. 

Martin, Archie C. — U. S. Army. 

Martin, Clarence R.— Dixon, ,lune 1, 191S, .Jacksonville, Fla. Served with Field 
Remount Squadron 312 A. E. F. 

Martin, Herbert M.— U. S. Army. 

Martin, James A. — U. S. Army. 

Martin, John— U. S. Army. 

Martin, Maurice C. — U. S. Army. 

IMartin, Tanner — U. S. Army. 

Martin, Virgil E.— Battery C, 123d F. A., .5Sth Brigadi', 33d Division. 

Martindale, Quincy — U. S. Army. 

Marxman, Carl — Oct. 4, 1918, Camp Grant, Corp. lOSth Engineers. Served in France 
with 33d Division. 

Marxman, Martin G.— Sept. 1918, Camp Grant, Corp. 311th Eng., 8Gth Div. Served 
in France. 

Mason, Theodore R.— Camp Grant, Sujiply Co. 342nd Inf. Served in France. 

Mason, William C. — U. S. Army. 

Maves, Carl— June 5, 1917, Head(iuarters Det. M. G. Bn., Camp Gordon, Alabama, 
Corporal. 

Maves, Wilbur .June 4, 1917, Co. E, lOth Infantry, Xitro City, West ^■a. 

May, Ellwood H.- -Sterling, III, Sept. 27, 1918, Mineola, N. Y., 51st Aero Squadron. 

May, Louis L.— U. S. Army. 

Mead, Frederick — U. S. Army. 

Mealy, Edward— Great Lakes, U. S. N. R. F. 

Meanger, Martin — U. S. Army. 

Mekeel, John — Camp Gordon, joined Co. E, 129th Int., in France. Si'rved with 
Army of Occupation. 

Mensch, Arthur J.- June 23, 1918, Rockford. Served with 7th Inf., 3d Division. 
Served in France and Army of Occupation. 

Merchant, Harvey — U. S. Army. 

Merchant, Ira E.— July 1918, Great Lakes, U. S. N. R. F. 

Merriam, Forrest D. — U. S. Aimv. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Mcrnficl.l. K. W.^ l". S. Aiiiiy. 

Mcriiinan, Frank— U. S. Aiiiiy. 

MiTiitt, Don- U. S. Army. 

Messer, LaYerne- U. S. Ai-niy. 4()tli R. \l. Art. Served in France. 

Messer, Lyle— Electrieian, C A. C. Stationed at Panama and Haiti. 

Mensinger, Terrence F. V. S. .Vi'm>-. 

Metzler, Earle— C. A. ('. Ft. William, .Maine. 

Metzler, Howard E.— An^. 'is, 1011, Dixon, Served with r2Hd F. A. Promoted to 
Ordnance Sergeant. Serveil one year in Franee, in St. Mihiel and .Vrsonne offensives. 

Miller, Conard-U. S. Army. 

Meydam. Cneas A.- F. S. Army. 

Miller, Clayton W.-F. S. Army. 

Mill.'r, Frank J.- F. S. Army. 

Miller, Harold- F. S. Army. 

:\Iiller, Ivan R.— F. S. Arm> . 

Miller George X.— Co. 7. 4lli Mulur Mechanic Reg. Camp (ireene, X. C. 

Miller, Theo. J.— Dixon, Aug. 15, 1917, Ft. Sheridan, HI., :-l()2d Cavalry, Fel.. 23, 
101!), First Lieutenant. 

Miller, Jacob S.— 308th Field Remount, 

Miller, Leon W.— 7th Co, Ith l!eg., A. S. M. 

Miller, Otto H.— FT. S. Army. 

Miller, Samuel A.- F. S. Army, 

Miller, Stanley- July 191S, Chicagd, q. M. C., Meives Hosp, Center, France, Overseas 
Aug. 31, 1918. Served as truck driver. 

Miller, William K.^F. S. Army, (^ M. C. 

Milliken, Wayne A.— F. S. Army. 

Mills, Chester C.— Co. A, lOSth Military Police. Served in France. 

Minocci, Luigi .lune 191S, Camp Crant, Served at (\imp Logan, Texas. 

Minotti, Frank — F. S. Arm>-. 

Miresky, Jack— F'. S. Army. 

Moeller, Lawrence E.- F. S. Arni>'. 

Mondlock, William V. May 191S, 23d Co, 157th Depot Brigade. 

Montavon, Edward- F, S, Army. 

Moore, A. F.— F. S. Ainiy. 

Moore, David G.— May 22, 1918, Jtflerson Barracks, 12th Co., 3rd P.ecruiting Bat- 
talion, 37th Infantry. 

Moore, Herman H.— Cohimhus, Ohio, F, S. Army. 

Moore, John M.— F^. S. Army. 

Moore, Ogden A.— Dixon, Sept. 2U, 1917, Camp Grant, Co, A, 132iid Inlantry, Served 
in France, wounded at Hamel, July 4, 1918, discharged November 1919, 

Moore, Roland M,— Dec. 1917, Camp Grant, Ordnance Dept., F. S. .Vrmy. Served 
in France and Germany. 

Morgan, George F. — Ordnance Corps, F, S, Army. 

Morgridge, L. D.— August 1917. Commissioned, April 1918, Served in France with 
86th Division. 

Morrill, Nathan A. B.— Dec. 1917, K.'lley Field, San Antonio, Texas, l(i2d Aero Squad- 
ron A. E. F. 

Morris, Arline— Aug. 1918, Camp Grant, Army Nurse Corps. Served in France from 
Oct. 1918 to Julv 1919. 



25S WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

Morris, E. T.— Oct. 1, 1917, Sergeant (}. M. V. 

Morrissey, Edward J. — Sept. 1917, Vovt Wayne, Air Service, Second Lieuteiiaiit. 

Morrissey, Walter J. — U. S. Army. 

Moss, John — U. S. Army. 

Mosher, Thomas H.-Rat. A, 149th Field Art., 42nd Division. 

Moss, Zacharial W. — C'onmiissioned 1st Lieut. M. C, Stationed at Camp Greene. 

Mossholder, Paul R. — Apr. 1917, Di.xon, Co. G, 6th Inf., Connnissif)ned. Served as 
First Lieutenant 344th Infantry. 

Mossholder, Russell Howard— Hinsdale, Mont., (.)ct. (5, 1917, Fort Wright Wash., 
Batt. A, 2n(l F. A. 

Moulton, Guy E.— May 27, 1918, Gamp Gordon, Ga. 

Mueller, Walter— Dec. 4, 1917, Chicago, 111., Motor Truck Co. Xo. 413 A. E. F. 
France. 

Mulock, James— Dixon, 111., l.'i Co., 13th Battalion, 3rd M. :\I. Reg., S. C, Sergeant. 

Munson, August W. — V . S. Army. 

Murphy, Charles — U. S. Army. 

Murphy, Faustin — U. S. Army. 

Muri:)hy, Henry J. — V. S. Army. 

Mui-phy, John C.— 1-. S. Army. 

Murray, .lohii L.— April 191S, Jefferson Bari'acks, Co. M, 27th Inf. Served in Siberia. 

Muser, L. T. — U. S. Army. 

Myers, Gordon — U. S. Army. 

Myers, Wilson H.— U. S. Army. 

Myi-tle, John W.— U. S. Army. 

Nafziger, Jake— May 1918, Camp Ciordon, Co. D, 132d Inf. Served in France. 

Nagel, Charles — U. S. Army. 

Nagel, Thomas — U. S. Army. 

Neighbor, Sidney :M.— July 17, 1917, Great Lakes, Navy, Sept. 27, 1919. 

Nelles, John S. — U. S. Army. 

Nelson, Karl H. — V. S. Army. 

Nelson, Charles E.— U. S. Army. 

Nelson, Ernest — 161st Depot Brigade. 

Nelson, Edward L.— July 1917, (Imaha, Pvt. 20th Inf. Badly wounded by a hand 
grenade at Camp Funston, Kansas. 

Nelson, Herman C— Dixon, 111., Oct. 28, 1917, Rock Island, 111., Aviation Gen. Supply 
Depot, Middleton Penn., March 31, 1919, Corporal. 

Nettleton, Bennett— IT. S. Army. 

Newcomer, Everett — I'. S. Army. 

Newman, Richard AL— Sept. 1917, Camp Grant, Co. C, 503d Engineers. Served 
IS months in France. 

Newton, John W.- Ambov, Julv 6, 1918, Great Lakes, U. S. Navy, Camp Perry 4th 
Reg. 

Nichols, Herbert S.— Camp Grant, Band 342nd Inf., 81st and 86th Division. Served 
in France. 

Neibergall, Floyd— U. S. Army. 

Nitschkc, William H.— Co. M, 342n(l Infantry Camp Grant. 

Norris, Clark B.— Franklin Grove, 111., April 8, 1917, Austin, Nev., Co. C, 62nd 
Infantry. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 259 

Xoiton, Hairy W.— U. S. Anny. 32oth M. (1. L'o., St'ivc.l in Fiance. 

Novman, Arthur — U. S. Army, Served in France. 

Nowels, Jesse J. — U. S. Army. 

Nunemaker, Louis S. — I'. S. Army. 

Oakland, Ira R.- U. S. Army. 

O'Connor, .Joseph L.- Infantry. U. S. Army. 

Odenthal. Phihp L.-Sejit. 15, 1917. Cam]) Orant, (\k D, 503 St^rvice Batt. Engineers. 
Served 18 months in France. 

Oehler, A. E.— U. S. Army. 

Oester, Arthur J.— U. S. Army. 

Oester, Frank .!.- U. S. Army. 

Oesterheld, Frederick- June 1918, Co. C, 1st Replacement Bii., :\I. T. C. School, 
Evanston. 

Oesterheld, John [NI.— April 1918, Coast Artillery. Ft. AVilliam, :\Iaine, 3rd Co. C. A. 
C, 58th Am. Train. 

Ohsann, Martin L. — U. S. .\rmy. 

Ohsann, Marvin H.^U. S. Army. 

Olsen, Alvin O.— Camji Ciant, (ith ("u. IClst Depot Brijiade. 

Olson, Bennie E. — U. S. .\rmy. 

Olson, Charles— Oct. 1917. Camp Wheeler, V. S. Army. Serveil 1(3 months in France. 

Olson, Engolf— Sept. 1917. Served at Cam!> Devens, :Mass. 

Olson, Emanuel — Oct. 1917, St'rved in Japan. 

Olson, Enoch — V. S. Army. 

Olson, Herbert— Oct. 1918, Camp Polk, V. S. Army. 

Olson, Walter — U. S. Army. 

O'Malley, Andrew J.— Camp Grant, IGlst Depot Brijiade. 

O'Malley, Joseph M.— Coast Artillery Corps, 58th Reg. 

O'Malley, Urban M.— Sept. 20, 1917, Camp Grant, 111., Co. M, 342nd Inf., also served 
at Columbus Barracks. 

O'.Malley, William- U. S. Army. 

Ortgiesen, Raymond— Dixon, :May 23, 1918, Camp Coi<!oii, Atlanta, Georgia, 4th 
Replacement Reg., Headquarter Detachment. 

Ortgieson George G.— April 1917, Dixon, Serg., M. T. C. 33d Division. One year 
with A. E. F. 

Ortt, Horace — April 1917, Dixon, Batt. C 123(1 F. A. St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne, 
Killed Oct. 1918. Awanled Distinguished Service Cross posthumously. 

Osbaugh, George A.— Dixon, 111., Feb. 4, 1918, Camp Greene, N. C, Co. E, 58th Inft. 
Camp Greene, June 13, 1919. In Marne counter offensive, July 18 to August 3d. Gassed, 
August 3, 1918. 

Otterbach, Fred C.— U. S. Army. Served in France and received a bad shrapnel 
wound in the head, during Argoniu' drive. 

Ottmans, Louis B.— Oct. 1917, C. E, 130th Inf., 33d Division. Served one year in 
A. E. F. 

Overcash, Lloyd E.— ]\Iay 1918, Camp Gordon, Camp Grant, Feb. 1919. 

( )wens, Edmund B.— Sept. 1917, Commissioned 1st Lieut. M. ( '. Promoted to Captain 
and to Major, Served at Columbus Barracks. 

Paddock, Clarence — U. S. Army. 

Paddock, Forrest— :\Iay 1917, DeKalb, Sergt. 1st class, H. Q. 33d Div. Served one 
year in France. 



260 WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

Page, Harrison — U. S. Army. 

Paige, Levi H. — U. S. Army. 

Palmer, George C. — Naval Aviation. Served (i months in France. 

Palmer, Glen W.— Sept. 18, 1918, Gamp Grant, Go. G, .">03d Engineers. Served 18 
months in Franee. 

Palmer, Daniel — Nelson, enlisted April 17, 1917, Ghicago, Engineers Corps. Given 
Medical Discharge. 

Palmer, John S. — Gamp Grant, Go. A, ;U2nd Inf., Corporal. 

Palsgrove, Earl H.— Oct. 1917, Gamp Grant, Go. M, :342nd Inf. Accidentally killed 
at Camp Cirant. 

Papadakis, George J.— Oct. 1917, Gamp Gi-ant, ;i9th Inf., 4th Division. Took jiart 
in all major offensives. Gassed Oct. 1918. 

Parke, Dewey F.— U. S. Army. 

Parker, Albert G.— U. S. Army. 

Parker, Herliert — 1st Lieut., Air Service. Ser\-ed in France. 

Parker, Allen— U. S. Army, A. E. F. 

Parker, Glare V.— Sept. 1917, Gamp Grant, Pvt. Co. A, 132nd Inf. Served with 33d 
Div., A. E. F. for one year at Hamel, Somme I'iver an<l at Meuse-Argonne. 

Parker, Walter— March 1918, Cam]) Giant, C<i. L, .')Sth Inf. Took part in all major 
offensives. Gas.sed twice, wounded liy maclnne gun, Oct. o, 1918 in the Argonne. 

Pansons, ,Iohn— Enlisted 1917, GonnnissioiuMl and i)i-omoted to 1st Lieut., Q. M. C. 
Served with A. E. F., died aboard transport on voyage iiome. 

Patton, Irve— U. S. Army. 

Patten, William— U. S. Army. 

Peniston, Robert M.— Sergt. 92nd Division, A. E. F. 

Paul, Frank— U. S. Army. 

Penrose, William L. — Gamp Gordon, U. S. Arm>-, I'^ii'st Sergeant. 

Perkins, Vernon C.— Sept. 1918, Camp CJordon, Co. K, IKith Engineers. Landetl in 
France Nov. 9, 1918. 

Peterman, :\Iartin V. ,]r.— Franklin Grove, 111., Aug. 23, 1918, Chicago, Naval Reserve 
Flying Corps. 

Peterson, Antone J. — U. S. Army. 

Peterson, .Vrthur— U. S. Army. 

Pelerson, .lohn E.— U. S. Army. 

Pderson, Carl A.- Co, D, 41st Lif. 

Peterson, Edwin \V.- Go. E, 3mh Inf., F1 . Snelling, Minnesota. 

Peterson, Hans Dixon, Aprd 25, 191S, Gamp Giaiit. 

Pedingei', Floyd— Sergt. Replacement Regt., Camp Goi'don, Ga. 

Pellingei-, I.i^wis D.— U. S. Army. 

Phaleii, VcWv .James— Dixon, May 1.5, 1917, Rock Island, 5Sth F. A. Brigade, Hck]. 
Detachment, June 8, 1919. Served in France — ^'erdlm. Argonne. 

Phalen, William J.— U. S. Army. 

Philip, George W. — Air service, Long Island. 

Pierce, Earl E.— Dixon, May (i, 1917, (itli Heg. IIead(iuarters Co., U. S. Marines. 
Served 22 months in France. 

Pieper, Arthur- Served witli S9th Division, A. E. F. 

Pieper, Fredeiick- L. S. Army. 

Pine, Merle N.-July 22, 1918, Chicago, Go. 487. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Pmo, Way.H' K. Sprinii Valley, Apnl 2, IDIS, Camp D,,,!-'', la., Ci. L, :^r,lst Inf., 
88th Division. Sci'vcd in France. 

Pittman, Irvin- P..- Dix.m, 111., Pattery .\, 21st Artillery A. K. F. 

Plattner, Gordon — U. S. .Viniw 

Plock, Charles— Dixon, .June 2;i, I'.US, C,,. li. Depot Prisa-le. 

Plonk, F. W.— Dixon, April I, PUS, Camp (liant, Co. D, lOSth Aninmnilion Iniin, 
A. E. F. 

Plum, William H.- U. S. Army. 

Plummer, Warren— May 1918, .JefiVi-son Parraeks, Co. M, 27th Inf. Served in Siberia. 

Pogue, Kenneth — U. S. Army. 

Pohl, Elmer B.— U. S. Army. 

Polony, Joseph W. — U. S. Aiiny. 

Pomeroy, Philip E.— U. S. Army. 

Pomeroy. Kiehard— Aug. 21, 1917, Navy. 

P(jnto, Charles- U. S. Army. 

Poole, Lawrence— 1918, Chicago, .Vmliulaiice driver, American Red Cross. 

Portner, Oliver C— U. S. Army. 

Poths, Harry E.— May 191S. Camp Cordon, Ca. Killed in action, Oct. 1918, m the 
Argonne. 

Potter, Lester C.— U, S. Army. 

Powell, Clarence— 21st Co., Gth BalC, V. S. (hiards. 

Perry, Frank S.— 311th Amnnimli..ii Train. Serve.! in I'laiice. 

Powell, George P.— Dixnn, Maidi l(», 1917, Camp Crceideal', Ga., Captain M. C. 
Served with A. E. V. one yeai'. 

Powell, Holiert P.- Sept. 19IS, Fihana, S. A. T. C. 

Power, Walter Iv- 1917, KWd Ammunition Train. Served in F>ance with 28th 
Division. 

Powers, ,Iolin H.- V . S. Arniy. 

Powers, Marion E.- U, S, Army. 

Pratt, Arthur C- V . S. .\rniy. 

Pratt, Koger A.- Paw Paw, 111., Co. C, :V23d Field Signal Bn., A. E. F. 

Prestegaard, ,Ioaehini-Sept. .■), 1917, Camp Grant, Sergt. Co. .M, o42nd Inf. Served 
in France. 

Prentice, ,Iohn N. — U. S. Ainn-. 

Preston, Clarence G.— Was a lieutenant in Co. G, before the war. Promoted to Cap- 
tain and served with 123d F. A. mitil May 1918, when lie was discharged because of de- 
fective vision. 

Preston, .Joseph M. — I'. S. Arm>-. 

Priebe, Amel — I'. S. Arnn-. 

Pruitt, Herschcl E.-U. S. Army. 

Pugh, Ralph E.-U. S. Army. 

Pulver, Judson H. — U. S. Army. 

Pfnndstein, (Vville A.— Co. E, (ith Inf,, I, X, G. 

Pyatt, Paymond ('.— Cam]) Goi'don, Sei-geant U. S. Ainiy. 

Pabbitf, Willis G,-r. S. Army. 

Ralston, John G.— Dixon, 111., June 29, 1918, Executive Sec. Y. M. C. A., France. 

Raeside, Earl F. — 1st Illinois Engineers, 

Raymond, Philip— Sept. 1918, S. A. T. C, Knox College. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



RcdlVrn, .Mal.lc -Army Xurso, A. E. F., Francr. 

Rednour, Herman A. — U. S. Army. 

Rees, Magnus J. — U. S. Aiiuy. 

Reid, Clarence P.— 1st Lieut., 33d Division. 

Reister, Ellwood ,J.— Camp Grant, (ith (\>., Kilst Depot Brigade. 

Reilly, William E.—U. 8. Army. 

Reilly, Philip— 1918, Great Lakes, U. S. X. H. F. 

Reilly, Richard G.— June 14, 1918, Kansas City, Mo., Motor Transport Corps, Truck 
Co. 424, Served in France. 

Remsburg, Perr\' — U. S. Army. 

Reineking, Henry-Camp Grant, 1918, 341st Guard and Fire Co, 

Remsburg, Perc>- .1. V . S, Army. 

Resek, A. P.— Sept. 1, 1901, U. S. S. Bridge, Cliief Master at arms, 

Resek, L, N.— Sept. 1917, Camp Grant, .'ith Division, Corporal, 

Reedy, Theodore AV,— 6th Reg, U. S. Marines. Ser\-ed in France, Gassed. 

Resser, Edgar W.— U. S. Army. 

Rettke, Herman C. — U. S. Army. 

Reynolds, Fulton— U. S. Army. 

Rhea, Joseph E.—U. S. Marine Corps. 

Richardson, Amos R. — U. S. Army. 

Richardson, Wilder A, — IT, S. Army. 

Rife, John P.- U. S. Army. 

Richards, Floyd F.— Electi-ician, U. S. Navy. 

Richards, .lolin Thoma.s — Enlisted in Air service, fiualified as pilot and was commis- 
sioned as lieulenant. Served with 6th Bombing Squadron, 

Ringenljerg, Joe— Dixon, Ot. 3, 1917, Camp Grant, Co, ^L 342nd Inf, Served in 
France, 

Rizner, Earl H,- Dixon, 123d F, A, 

Roberts, Benjamin E,-- V. S, Army, 

Ridmaur— Kmie 191S, Camp Grant, 36th Bn,, U, S, Guards, 

Robbins, Charles A,— Base Hospital, Camp Merritt, X. J., Captain. 

Robinson, Frank J. — Dixon, Enhsted Dec. 1, 1917, Chicago, Air Service, Photography 
Section, 1st Lieut,, Nov, 21, 1919, 

Robinson, Lloyd — U, S, Army, 

Roe, Raymontl L, — Franklin Grove, 111,, March 5, 1918, Camp Greenleaf, Ga,, Camp 
Greenleaf Replacement Co, 10, A, E, F. Served in France, 

Rock, Lewis R, — Infantry, 33d Division, Served one year in France. 

Rock, Thomas H.— Dixon, 111., Oct. 1, 1918, De Paul University, Chicago, S. A. T. C. 
St. Paul University, Chicago, Dec. 17, 1918. 

Rock, William P.- Di.xon, Oct. 16, 1918, Univ. of III, College of Denistry, Chicago. 
S. A. T. C, University of Ilhnois, Dec. 11, 1918. 

Roesler, Edward A.— June 1917, Rock Island, Batt. C, 123d F. A. Served one year 
in France with 33d Division. 

Rogers, William N. — V. S. Army. 

Rogers, Paul A. — Dee. 10, 1917, Jefferson Barracks, Air Service, served overseas. 
Returned liome Decenihei' 191S, 

Rollins, William II, Sept, 1918, Camp Grant, Prisoner of War Escort Co, 61. Served 
in France. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Uuoiiey, Frank- August 1917, (heat Lakes, U. S. Navy. 

Rollins, William A.—V . S. Aniiy. 

Rooney, Thomas — U. S. Xav>-. 

Rolph, C. Dwight— Oct. 3, 1017. Cauip Craiit, 342nd Inf., lOStli Ammunition Train 
33rd Division. Served in France lui- (uic \cai-. 

Root, Chester R.— Camp Grant. 1st Liciii. .Medical Corps. 

Root, Edward— Sept. 191S, S. A. T. C., X,,tre Dame. 

Root, William F.— Dixon, April 2(i, 191S, Camp (irant, H, Q. Co. 34. Inf. 7tli Division. 
One year in A. E. F. 

Rosbrook, John L.— Dixon, Sept. .■>. 1917, Camp Grant, Keg. 342nd Inf., Camp Grant. 
Served with A. E. F. 

Rosbrook, Morris L.- Sergt. Bugler, II. (,). ( 'o. 123d F. A. Seived one year in A. E. F. 
with 33d Division. 

Rose, Arthur J.— U. S. Army. 

Rose, William J.— May 1918. Sergt. iMigineers Corps. Served witli A. E. F. 

Rutishauer, Ralph F.— Xaval Air Servi(<>. 

Rosencrans, Glenn C. — Chicago, Sergt. Motor Transport Corps. 

Rosenkrans, Carl (). — U. S. Army. 

Rossiter, Frank M.- U. S. Army. 

Rossiter, Harold M.— U. S. Army. 

Rossiter, Thomas L.— Dixon, Oct. 4, 1917, Camp Grant, Co. 7, 1st Motor Mech. 
Reg. Signal Corps, Air Service A. Iv V. Sei\-ed in France. 

Rotenberg, John T. — I'. S. .\rnL,\-. 

Rover, Hall A.- U. S. Army. 

Rover, Paul A.- I'. S. Army. 

Rubenstein, William— U. S. .\rmy. 

Ruckman, R. W. — U. S. Army. 

Ruef, John E.— Nov. 1917, Great Lakes, Military Band. 

Ruggles. Albert— April 191S, Cam]) Grant, U. S. Infantry. Served in France with 
Co. F, 3.")()th Infantry. 

Ruggles, Frank— U. S. Army. 

Russel, Earl — U. S. Army. 

Ryan, Barney R.— May 1918, U. S. Army. Served in France. 

Ryan, Edward J.— Sept. 1918, S. A. T. C. University of Illinois. 

Ryan, John J.— May 25, 1918, Camp Gordon, Ga., Co. 40. 4th Rveplacement Inf., 
Camp Gordon, Ga. Served overseas with 33d Division. 

Ryan, John D.— 40th Co, 4th Replacement Regt. A. E. F. 

Ruckman. Ralph W. — L'. S. Army. 

Ryan, William E.— April 1918, Camp Grant, :\Iilitary Police, 4th Division, Served 
15 months with A. E. F. Wounded in Meuse-Argonne offensive'. 

Rydhohii, Thomas G.— May 1, 1918, Jefferson Barracks, Co. F, (nth Inf. 

Rynski, Leo — U. S. Army. 

Rynearson, Earl S.— Sept. 1918, S. A. T. C. 

Reitzell, Charles E.— 122nd F. A. Served with 33d Division. 

Rynearson, Glenn— Enlisted at outbreak of war, 108th Engineers. Sei'ved in France 
for a year with the 33d Division. 

Sanc'mire, Benjamin A.— Dixon, May 30, 1918, Ft. Thomas, Ky., Co. E. 45th Infantry. 

Sanford, Clarence A. — Sept. 1918, Camp Grant. Medical Corps. 

Sanford, Fred — Co. A, 36th Engineers A. E. F. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Santeliniui, ClaiciK-c- U. S. Army. 

Sarver, Jesse N. — U. S. Army. 

Sandmire, Ben A. — U. 8. Army. 

Saumby, George — U. S. Aiiny. 

Saunders, Alban F. — V. S. Army. 

Schade, Otto W.— U. 8. Army. 

Saver, Clarence J. — 73d Regt. C. A. C. 

Schade, Otto W.— Sept. 1917, Camp Grant, Slith Division. Served in France with 
89th Division. 

Schafer, Benjamin- 191S, Great Lakes, I'. S. N. U. F. Died in Service. 

Scheffler, Adolph (!.--:\ray 1918, Camp Gordon, Scrgt. 355th Inf. Served in France. 

Schafer, Hemy C.-Co. L, 45th Infantry. 

Schmahl, Ira- Cani|) (li'ant, 353d Inf., 89th Division. Woundetl at St. -Miiiiel hy 
machine gun l)idlet. 

Schmidt, Frederick ^^'.— U. S. Army. 

Schmidt, John — Cam]) .hickson. S. C. 

Schmith, John — Auxihary licmount Depot 315. 

Schmucker, Charles — V. S. .Army. 

Schmucker, Harry A.-May 23, 1917, .Icffeisoii Barracks. June 25, 1918. Corporal. 

School, John — U. S. Army. 

Schoaf, Frederick E.—May 1918, Camp Gordon, Ga. 

Schoemaker, Rae — U. S. Army. 

Schoenholz, Oscar E. — V. S, Army. 

Schrock, James G.-Mairh 1918, Dixon, IMohile Ordnance Detachment. Served in 
Franre. 

Schrock. Sterling D.- Dixon, April 10, 1918, 3(J P. O. D., Prov. Reg. .Motor Mee. 
Cam]] Stuart, New]iort News, \'a. 

Schuler, Dement — 1917. Champaign, Air service. Commissioned 2nd Lieut., and 
served as pursuit iiilol. 

Schuler, Harry A.- Sept. 191S, Air s(>rvice. 
Schuler, George L.— Oct. 1918, Urbana, S. A. T. C. 
Schulz, Fred W. C— U. S. Army. 
Schweiger, George J. — U. S. Army. 

Scotiord, Paul— Sept. 1917, Camp Grant, Sergt., Co. C, 331st M. G. Bn., 2nd Lieut. 
Scully, John J.— May 1918, Machine Gun Co. 37th Infantry. 
Schmaul, Ives— May 1, 1918, Camp Grant. Served with 89th Div., A. Iv F. 
Scriv(>n, Lloyd J.- May 1017, Ft . Snclling., discharged June 1. Joined Canadian .Vrmy. 
Scully. Fred W.- May 191S, C;imp Goiclon, Ga., Co. K. 4.5th Inf. and M. P. Det., 
9th Division. 

Scully, John J.- U. S. Aiiny. 

Searle, LyleH.-S. .\. T. C. 

Seavey, Ruth- Army Nurse. Died of influenza at Camp Taylor October 1918. 

Seekn'ian, Harry W.- Great Lakes, L. S. N. H. F. 

Selgestad, John O. July 1918, Camp Forest, Ga., Co. B, 209th Eng. Feb. 3, 1919. 

Senneff, Hugh A.- H. Q. Co., 4th Regt. F. A. H. P. 

Sexlon, Charles A.- V. S. Army. 

Shaffer, Frank M.— U. S. Army. 

Shank, Jacob R. — U. S. Army. 

Shaulis, Chester W.-l'. S. Armv. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



■, Navy. 
Xrw V,, 
Cn. A. 1 

.Icfirrsdii 


i,-k, ( 

3th ]• 

liar 


'diiimissioi 
racks, AI„ 


led .\litiUsf 191S, 
Servecl l,Sm,,iitl 
., advance Onhi: 


■amp Ci 
Camp ( 


;,',nln 


Clerk, Imi 
W2I1.1 Sup 
II. ( 'hemic 


ited sel'\-iee, 

ply Cn, Served 

al Warfare Serv 



Sharkey. Kdward- l', S. Army. 

Shaver. < 'lareiice L.— Alachine ( Inn ( 'n., 113th Inf., 20th l^ivisr 

.-^haw, Arthur M.—V. S. Army. 

Shaw. Itiissell Al.^-.ltme 2(i. 1017 

Shearer. Llny.l .l.-.lime 1, P,tl7, 

Sheehan, John M,— May 20, 1017, 

Sheller, Henry A\',- Xnv. 1017. . 
No. 1. A. E. F., C'orpnrak 

Sheller, Ilarnl.l v.- S.'pt, lOls. (' 

Sherlock, Walter- June lOl.s, Kansas Citv, 332n.l Supply Cn, Served 

Shippee. Vernnn ('.- Alay 

Shnemaker. Ray A,- I", S, .\iiny, 

Shn<ik, Frank K.— U. S, Army. 

Shnnk, Herless B.—V. S. Army. 

Shnuk, William E,— Batt, C, 123(1 F. A. and Cn. F, lOSth .\m. Tram. SeiAvd with 
33d Div. in France. 

Shore, Clyde J.— Corp. Co. L. 47th Inf. Served in France, wnunded l,y ina.-liine 
gun bullet, Sept. 28, 1918 in tlie Ariinnne. 

Sieberne, Alartin W.- F. S. Army. 

Siemens, John—* 'n. V. 4."nh Infantry, 

Sieling, John K. — F. S. Xavy, 

Shultz, Fred^May 30, 1918, Military I'nlice, F, S. Army. 

Simonson, Benjamin T.— April 27. lOls, ( amp I^ix, X. J., Co. 22, 153d Depot Brigade. 

Simonson, Guy H.— Evanston, 111., X, W. F. (laining Dept., Evanston, 111. 

Sindlinger, Harvey — American Red Cross ('amp ('uster. 

Sicbert, E. H.^June 1918, Camp Grant, served overseas with Co. K, llsth Int, 37tli 
Div., took part in Argonne and Belgian campaigns. Returned to F. S. April 1010. 

Sindlinger, Ward — Before the war, F'. S. Cavalry. Died at ( 'amp Slieridan, .lul>' 1017. 

Skinner, Charles E. — I'. S. Aiiuy. 

Slagle, Elmer E.— F. S. Army. 

Siebert, Emil H.— Co, K, 14Sth Inf., served in France. 

Sipe, Walter J.— 2nd Cn. (ith Bn,, P. ( ). Det. 

Slaybaugh, Jesse H. — I'. S. Army. 

Smallwood, Oscar S. — June 1918, Sweeney Autn School, Kansas City, ]\Iotor Transjinrt 
Corps. Served in France, 2nd Lieutenant. 

Smith, Albert D. — Camp Grant, Field Remnunt Stalion, Camp Logan, 

Smith, Fred D, — June 1918, F. S. ]\Iarine ('nips, Si'ived in transport service. 

Smith, George W. — Camp Grunt, 132nd Inf, Served one year in France witli 33d 
Division, 

.-'niifh, Herbert F.— June l.i, 191S, Val|iaraisn, Ind,, Co. B, Valparaiso Fniversity, Ind. 

Smith, Howard E. — F. S. Army. 

Smith, Raymond C— Sept. 1917, Camp Grant, ( 'o. A, 132nd Inf, 33d Division, Si-rved 
in France, was in action at Hamel and in tli(> Argonne, ( 'ommissioned 2nil Lieutenant . 

Smith, Roy L.— April 1917, Dixon, Color Sergt. 123d F, .A, Served one year in A. E. 
F. with 33d Division. 

Smith, Stanley W.— April 1918, Great Lakes, F. S. X. R. F. 

Smith, Walter — Nelson, May 1918, Jefferson Barracks, 27th Inf. Served in Siberia, 

Smith, Walter M.— Sept. 20, 1917, Camp Grant, Co. D, oOSd Engrs., A. E. F. Served 
18 months in France. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Siiiitli, Williiii- I{.— Alavtdwn, .lunc I'.IIS. Kansas Cilv, Motor Truck Co. o(«. St-rved 
ill France. 

Snider, Milton L.— U. S. Army. 

Snow. Fay F.— F. S. Army. 

Snyder, Alfa— Di.xon, Dec. 11, 1917, Columlnis Barracks, Ohio, Bat. B, 13th F. A. 
4th Div. U. S. A. Aug. 6, 1919, fought in Marne, Vesle, St. Mihicl Argonnc offensives. 
Eight months in Germany with A. of O. 

Snyder, Henry 0.— May 25, 1918, Co. I\F 131st Inf., 33d Div. In Argonne-Meuse 
offensives and Army Occupation. 

Snyder, Jacob A.— Dixon, Dec. 6, 1917, Camp Greene, Cliarlotte, X. C, 4th Div., 13th 
F. A., Batt. B, saw service on fom- fronts in France— army of occupation in Germany. 

Sofolo, Stanley -July 191S, Camp Gordon, 11th Inf., .'ith Div. Killed in Argonne, 
Nov. 1918. 

Sondgeroth, Michael — I'. S. .\rmy. 

Soper, Elijah — Dixon. Captain 132nd Infantry. 

Spangler, Charles— U. S. Army. 

Sp.anglei-, ( ;eorge L.— Jan. 1918, Great Lakes. U. S. Navy, Co. A, 7th Reg., Camp Perry. 

Spangler, Pvodney E.— U. S. Army. 

Spencer, George C. — U. S. .\rmy. 

Spencer, Harold L.— Sept. 3, 1917, Camp Grant, Co. D, .503d Eng. service Bn., A. E. F. 
Served 18 months in France. 

Spencer, Theodore — U. S. Army. 

Spielman, Ralph W. — U. S. Army. 

Squier, Leslie L.~Oct. 1917, Camp Grant, 342nd Inf. Served in France with 106th 
Field Signal Bn. 

Stackpole, Gerald — V. S. Army. 

Staples, Mary — Army Nurse Coriis. Served in France. 

Slauffer, Earl J.— Oct. 3, 1917, Co. A, 132nd Inf. Served in France with 33d Div., 
wounded liy shrapnel at Hamel. July 4, 1918. 

Steinsto, Ol( — r. S. Army. 

Steen, Edward — l". S. Army. Served in France, gassed, 

Stcphan, Henry W.— 191G, Dixon, Batt. C, 123d F. A. Slaved one year in France 
with 33d Division. 

Steph.amtch, Gilbert A.— Dixon, Sept. 19, 1917, Co. L, 47th Inf. 4th Div., A. E. F. 
Fought at Chateau Thierry and St. Alihiel, killed in the Argonne, Oct. 1918. 

Sterling, James E. — Sept. 5, 1917, Camp (Irant. Served with Army of Occupation 
as 2nd Lieut., Sanitary Corps. 

Sterling, Norman E.— i\Iay 14, 1917, Ft. Sheridan. Commissioned 2ntl Lieut., pro- 
moted to 1st Lieut. Served overseas with 331st F. A., 86th Division. 

Stevens, I'^lniei- L. - Dixon, Apr. 26, 1918, Camp Grant, Co. 46, 153d Remount Stiuadron. 

Stewart, George G.- Franklin Grove, 111., May 23, 1918, Great Lakes, Navy. 

Stewart, Sidney C. V. S. Army. 

Stewart, William F.- Camii Grant, U. S. Army. 

Stewart, Roy— Great Lakes, U. S. N. R. F. Served in luigland. 

Stiltz, Elmer— U. S. Army. 

Stiltz, Rueben— U. S. Army. 

Stitzel, Bert R.— Dixon, Sept. 26, 1917, Jefferson Barracks, Quartermaster Corps. 
July 16, 1919, Corporal. Served in France in Somme, Aisne, Champagne, Marne offensives. 

St odd, Walter Edward- r. S. Armv. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



SI, Hies, William V . S. Aiiiiy. 

Stiah.-rn. ( luy T. ( hainiKUiiii, May 7, 1917, Jcftrison Barracks, 1 1th Aero Sqiuul. 
England an,l Fraiuv, C.riH.ral. 

Strand Olaf— U, S. Army, 

Strange, George W. — V. S. Army. 

Strayve, Jerome — U, S, Army. 

Strawbridge, H. S.— Great Lakes, U, S, X, It. I'., die,! in service. 

Strul), Foster F.— Dixon, June 1918, Jefferson Ban-acks, Mo,, (Quartermaster Div, 
418 Motor Truck Go. Serve.l m France, 

Stultz, Douglas D,^r. S. Ainiy. 

Suckran, Walter— U. S. Army. 

Sullivan. Frank J.— East Gnnv, 111.. May 27, 1918, Atlanta Ga., G... I), lltli Inf., 
5th Division, Sept, 27, 1919, Fought in Argonne-Meuse offensive, was 8 months in Ger- 
many — army of occu|)ati(in, 

Stuckey, Joseph A.- Hd Co. 3d Bn., G. 0, T. S,, Gamii Grant. 

Sunderland, Eohert- Go. L, 14(itli Inf,, A, E, F. 

Sunday, Gecil R,— U, S. Army. 

Swarts, Harley L.— Dixon, May oO, 1918, Gam]) Sh.eriilan, Montgomery, Ala,, Go, E, 
45th Inf. 

Switzer, Gharles— Go, G, 58th Inl., 4th Division, Servetl through all of the l.ig battles 
and with the Army of Occupation. 

Tafoya, Silas— U, S, Army, 

Tarbell, Oliver E,— U. S, Army, Enlisted :May 1917, Served in France. 

Tarr, Robert S.— U, S. Army, 

Tarr. Rupert S, — U, S. Army, 

Taylor, Lyle G.— Air Service mechamc, (Jarden City, Long Island. 

Taylor, Walter G.— May 27. 1918, 4()th Go, July Automatic Replacement Troop, 
Gamp Merrritt, X, J. Serveil in brance. 

Tennant, Arthur Iv— T'. S. .\rni>-. 

Tennant, Harold L.-3d Co., G. A, G., Ft. William, ?>Ie. 

Tennant, Verne — U. S. Army. 

Teachout, Harry— U. S. Army. 

Thomas, John Jr.— Dixon, June 25, 1918, Gamp (bant, 78th Div,, 3()9th Inf., Private. 
Meuse-Argonne, Gassed, 

Thomas, Oliver D, — U, S. Army, 

Thompson, John — U, S. Arm>-, 

Thompson, Lloyd — Enlisted at outbreak of war, U, S, Army, Served in France. 

Thompson, Ralph P, — V. S, Arnn', 

Thormahlen, Frank H,-G\Iay 27, 1918, Gamp Gordon, Ga,. Served in France with 
Go. E, 11th Inf.. .5th Division. 

Thompson. Willard— Lieutenant M. G., U. S. Xavy. Base Hospital, Gharleston, S. C. 

Thorpe, Ray — L", S, Army. 

Thorpe, Stanley F. — U, S, Army, 

Thurm, Melvin R,— May 1918, Gamp Cb'ant, Medii-al Gorps, 86th Div, Served in 
France, 

Timmons, Daniel — April 1918, Gamp Grant, H^, Go. 64th Inf., 5th Division, Sergeant. 

Timmons, Lawrence E, — Supply Go., 37th Inf,, 7th Division, 

Timmons, Timothv D,- U. S,"Armv. 



2<iS WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 

Tingle, Gordon B — Sept. 5. I!tl7, ( "ani|) (h'ant, Co. M, :U2ii(l Inf., Co. H, 132ik1 
Inf. Served overseas for one year with o3d Division. 

Tollinger, Cecil W.— U. S. Army. 

Tompkins, Frank W. — Before the war, U. S. Navy. 

Tompkins, Harry S. — U. S. Army. 

Tompkins, Howard E. — U. S. Army. 

Tomiikms, ,lohn A.— U. S. Armv. 

Tompkins, Leo P.- U. S. Army. 

Tompkins, Percy L.— Scjit. HUS, Cnui]) Crant, Kilst Depot Brigade. 

Tompkins, Thomas — U. S. Navy. 

Tosney, James H.— Sept. lOlS, Notre Dame, S. A. T. C. 

Townsley, George — U. S. Army. 

Trostle, Mark :\I.^Oct. 1017, Camp Grant, lOStli Engineers. Servt'd in France with 
33d Division, wounded liy shrapnel at Hamel, ,luly 4, 191S. 

Ti'outh, Th.eodore L.— Camp Grant, Co. A, 132nd Inf. Died in France. 

Ti'uiti, .\rtlnn- C.- U. S. Army. 

Tumey, .lames E.- Cam]) Stanley, Texas, Co. A, Bat. 10, U. S. Guard.s. 

Turnei-, Clarence A.— U. S. Army. 

Tuiiiei-, Lloyd .1.- Se])t. 191S, Chicago, Motor mechanics school. 

Tiittle, Arthur A.- Aug. 1017, Chicago, Air service. Served in France. 

Tully. William H.- Enlisted June 14, 1918. Served overseas with Co. D, 123d Inf. 

rilrich, Arly.i A.- March 191S, Jefferson Barracks, Batt. C, .50th C. A. C. Served 
in Fi'ance. 

Ullrich, Forrest— Feb. 8, 1918, Jefferson Barracks, Batt. D, oGth C. A. C. Served in 
France, wounded by .shrapnel, Aug. 19, 1918. 

Ullrich, Roy J.— Feb. 25, Camp Grant, A. E. F. 

Underwood. Samuel E.— Dec. 6, 1917, Columbus Barracks. Sergt. 328th Su]3plv Co. 
A.E.F. 

Untz, William— U. S. Ai-my. 

Utley, Gordon G.- April 1918, Camp Gordon, Prov. Co. C, A. G. (). Dept., Washington. 

Vaessen, Frank J. — U. S. Army. 

Vaile, James H.— Sept. 1918, S. A. T. C. Notre Dame. 

Vail, Morrison H. — Y. M. C. A. Sei-ve<l in iM'ance. 

Vaughan, Frederick J.— Dixon, Sept. 20, 1017. Camji (Jrant, 342nd Eeg. Black Hawk 
Division. Served overseas with IKUh Inf., 20th Division. 

Voight, Paul — Air service, U. S. Army. 

Vaughan, Fred N. Jr.— U. S. Army. 

Vaughn, Frank B.— U. S. Army. 

^'aughn, Wallace- B.— Julv lOlS, 110th Co., U. S. Marines. Served at Pearl Harbor, 
Honolulu. 

Vauple, Henry C. — U. S. Army. 

Ventler, Edward— May 1918, Jefferson Barracks, I'. S. Army, Ft. :McIntosh, Texas. 

Villiger, Joseph T.— Dixon, May 30, 1918, Camp Sh.eri.lan, Ala., H(..spital Pharmaci.st, 
67th Inf., Sergeant. 

Virgil, Stephen W.— Aug. 1, 1918. Batt. D. 13th Begt. F. A. R. D., Camp Jackson. 

Wadzinski, Frank S.— 1917 Jefferson Barracks, 337th Infantry. Corporal. 

Wagner, Harrison— June 1918. O. T. S. Camp Taylor, 2nd Lieut., F. A. 

Walker, Charles E.— May 1918, Camp Gordon. Served in France with loth M. G. 
Bn. Wounded in leg during Argomie Offensive. 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 2G9 

Walker, Elroy— U. S. Aiiii.w 

Walker, George H.— F. S. Army. 

Walker, Robert .M.-U. S. Army. 

Wallace, Heinrick J.- .lamiary 11(14, Great Lakes, U. S. Navy. Sci'vcd on U. S. S. 
Charleston. 

Wallace, Lester S.^Sept. 1917. Camp Grant. ('<>. A. i:r2nil Inf. Scrvcl with IWn.l 
Div. at Hamel and Meuse-Aitionnc ( )nc year witli A. K. Y. 

Wadsworth, Harold— Enlistc.l.lan. 7, 191S. An- .-^it vice. S.Tw.lat Kcih-y Field, Texas. 

Wallace, William C.- July 1'.)1S. Clueago. Harrison Tcrlimcal Sc1h,.i1. 

Walters, George — U. S. .Vrmw 

Warburg, Leslie E.— U. S. .\ini\-. 

Walker, Robert— Camp Grant. Served in France with siitii Division. 

Ward, Dudley A.— 61st Inlantry. ."jtli Divrsion. Served with A. E. F. 

Warren, Eula — I'. S. Army. 

Warren, Frank B.— Aug. 1917, Ft. Sheridan. Servetl with First Division, A. E. F., 
as First Lieut. 

Warren, Thomas— :\Iay 1917, Ft. Sheridan. Commi.ssicmed 2nil Lt., Air Service. 
Served at Elberts Field, Arkansas. 

Warren, Thomas J. — I'. S. .\ini>-. 

Warner, Robert L.— Dixon. lU., O.'t. 1917, Camp Grant. Co. M, 342nd Inf. 1st 
Lieut. C. M. G. 0. T. S., Camp Hancock, Ga. 

Washburn, Clifford J. — U. S. Army. 

Washburn, Clifford — Camp Gordon. Served overseas. 

Watson, Arthur — E. S. Arm>-. 

Watson, Clarence A.— U. S. Army. 

Watts, Harry— U. S. Army. 

Wakeley, William C.— Enlisted at Danville. 111.. Great Lakes. liadio EkTtrician, 
U. S. N. R. F. 

Weaver, Charles J. — U. S. Aiin>'. 

Webber, Orley — E. S. Arm>-. 

Webster, William — L'. S. Army. 

Weiner, Allen J.— Sept. 1918. S. A. T. C. 

Weinreich, Albert H. — E. S. Army. 

Welker, Clarence — Inf. Replacement Regt., Camp Gordon. 

Welker, Job— IT. S. Army. 

Wellman, Don— ^klay 1, 191S. Headquarters Detacluncnf. 314 Ammnmtion Train 
89 Div. A. E. F. 

Wellman. Howard- Sept. 1, 1917. Navy, .\rmed Guard (ivw No, l.s. Receiving 
ship, Norfolk. Va. 

W(4hnan. Walter Sept. 19. 1917. C Co, 313 FieUl Signal Corps, Camp Do(lge, la. 
Sergeant , 

Wells, Ira (),- Hannlton Township, Sept, IS, 1917, Co. A, 132ii(l Inf, Corporal. 
Hamel, Argonne-^Ieuse, \'erduii. Tro>-on. Army of Occupation. ( Icrmany. 

Welstead, George A.— Jan. 7. 191S, Jefferson Barracks, :\Io,, 15 Co. Aviation Section 
Signal Corps. Feb. 1, 1919. Served in France. 

Welty, David C— Amboy, III., April 1917. Camp Grant, Inf, Pveplacemcnt Camp. 
Texas, 2nd Brigade. 2n(l Lieutenant, 

Westlwe, David— E. S. .Viiny. 

Whalen, George— 38th Inf. 4th Division, A, E, F, Womided m Action, 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Wheekr, Kuht. A\'.- l\ S. Aiiny. 

Whitcombe, Albert B.— Sept. 1918. S. A. T. C, Ch:unpaip;n. 

White, Wilson W.^U. S. Army. 

White, Clarence R.— May, 1917., Chicago. F. H. No. 15, Second Division. Served 
20 months with A. E. F. in all Major Offensives. 

Wiitford, Charles E.— Dixon, Illinois. Air Service, Kellcy Field. 

Whitford, James E.- -Dixon, III, Mav 30, 191S, Camp Sheridan, Ala. Co. F., 45th 
Inft. 

Whitmorc, .James Q. — V. S. Army. 

Whitney, Eugene P.— June 28, 1917, Jefferson Barracivs. Corporal, Co. C, 41st In- 
I'antry. 

WHiitsell, Earl— U. S. Army. 

Wicher, Glenn — U. S. Army. 

Wilcox, Lonnie P. — 

Wilhelm, Russel A. — U. S. Army. 

Wilhelm, Wilbur A.— June 24, 1918, Camp Crant. 38.3 Heavy F. A., Battery D. 
Aug. 30, 1919. Served in France with Third Division. 

Wilhelmson, [Martin ,J.— I'. S. Army. Served in France. 

Will, Ralph ().— Sept. 6, 1918, Camp Grant. lOlst D. G. Died at Cam]) Grant, 
Sept. 1918. 

Willard, George E.—4()th Co., 40th Regt., Camp Gordon, Ga. 

Wilson, Eustace — Battery C. 123 F. A. Served one year in France with 33rd Div. 

Willet, Harvey G.— U. S. Ai-my. 

Williams, Percy,— U. S. Army. 

Williams, Charles — U. S. Army. 

Williams, Fred W. — Served in France. 

Wilson, Joseph W. — U. S. Army. 

Wilson, Sterling D.— U. S. Army. 

Wilson, Stuart E.— U. S. Army. 

Wilson, Eustace Cyi'il— Dixon, May 1917, Batt. C, 123d F. A. Served one year in 
France with 33d Division. 

Wilson, William — British Army, Engine(>r Corps. 

Wilson, Willard— U. S.. Army. 

Wingert, Edward B.— Sept. 1918, Urbana. S. A. T. C., University of Illinois. 

Winters, Charles — June 1918, Jefferson Barracks. Serveil in France. 

Witzel, Chrystal — U. S. Army. 

Witzel, Martin— U. S. Army. 

Wolfe, Daniel— 1917. U. S. Navy. 

Wood, Cordelle A.— Sept. 1918, Evanston. S. A. T. C. 

Woods, Elmer H.— U. S. Army. 

Wooddell, Marvin E.— U. S. Army. 

Woods, Frank— Co. C. 124th M. G. Bn. 33rd Div. Served in France. 

Worslcy, Raymond E.— Sept. 1918. S. A. T. C. 

Worsley, W. J.— Commissioned 1st Lieut. M. C. 

Wooster, Charles C. — U. S. Army. 

Woodworth J. Burton— Dixon, Illinois, :\Iay 7, 1917. Batt. A., (5th F. A. First Divi- 
sion. Sept. 26, 1919. Sommerville Sector, Ansauville Sector, [Nlontiddier Sector, Can- 



WAR HISTORY OF LEE COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



tigiiy, Suitifjuiis, 2ii(l Battle nf tlic M.-iinr, St. Miliicl, Mi-usc ArKniiiir, Sazciais Scrtor, 
Army of Occupation. 

Woodyatt, Harold F.^Dixon, 111., .lunc 1017, Dallas, Texas. Lieiiteiiaiit. U. S. Army. 

Woodyatt, Leonard E.-U. S. Army. 

Yenerich, Wesley H.— May, 191S, Chieatio. Seived in (^ M. C. and as Army Field 
Clerk. 

Yetter, John P.— May 30, 191S, Ft. Thomas, Ky. Co. K. 45th Inf. Camp Sheridan, 
Ala. 

Young, Raymond R.— Dixnn, 111., April 2, 191S, Creat Lakes. U. S. Navy. 

Young, George— Co. G. lOth Inf. 

Young, William— 341st V. A. Served in France with SOth Division. 

Youngblood, Owen A. — F. S. Army. 

Zalewski, Fraid^ A.— Aug. 1918, Cireat Lakes. U. S. X. R. F. Served on the U. S. S. 
George Washington. 

Zampojno, Joseph — L". S. Army. 

Zanger, Frederick N. — I'. S. Army. 

Zentz, Raymond— Batt. D. ()3d C. A. C. Sei'ved in France. 

Zick, Paul A. F.— U. S. Army. 

Zimmerman, George — U. S. Army. 

Zimmerman, Richard — I'. S. Army. 

Zinke, Henry — U. S. Army. 

Zgrmorm, Joseph — U. S. Army. 

Zoeller, Warren C. — U. S. Army. 



3 1516 00016 3020 



F 56056 

547 

.L5 War history of Lee County, 

W19 Illinois, 1917-'18-'19 



F 56056 

547 

.L5 War history of Lee County, 

W19 Illinois, 1917-'18-'19 

.r „. , ,j ci : ■> 9 

^y \? ^, ft E II z;ilfi 



SAUK VALLEY COLLEGE LIBRARY 
Dixon, IL 61021