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Full text of "Warner's history of Dakota County, Nebraska, from the days of the pioneers and first settlers to the present time, with biographical sketches, and anecdotes of ye olden times"



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©ENEALOC5Y COLLETCTIOR 



WARNERS HISTORY 



OF 



DlKOTACOOmiElASKA, 



FROM THE DAYS OF THE 

Pioneers im First Settlers 

TO THE PRESENT TIME, 

WITH BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES, AND 
ANECDOTES OF YE OLDEN TIMES, 

BY 

M. M- WARNER , 

DAKOTA CITY, NEB. 



rur.LlSIIED HY 



l.voNs MIRROR Job Office. 
1893. 



1242315 

DEDICATION 



To T!ii: MiaioKv OF My Father ami* jMother. Mr. 
AM» Mrs. Col. Jkssk F. Warner: 

"l^lONFn^^RS of Dakota county, through whojsf 
ilK^ public spirit, untiring energy and sociability 
^ir greatly aided in the public and social affairs of 
early times — the former by his lemarkable gift of 
oratorical elo(juence, was ever on the alert to lift up 
his voice foi- right and justice, for truth and moral- 
ity, and fur the public good and welfare of Dakota 
county — to them tliis volume is reverently dedicated 
by the author. 



PREFACE 



§0 fierce has been the mighty conflict between 
advancing- civilization and the wild abo- 
^jj.- rigines of the West, that for many years 
these border lands were one vast graveyard, 
strewn with the bleaching bones of unbiiried 
heroes. 

Behold the wonderful changes wrought by 
the resistless arm of Time since the advent of 
the pioneers to Dakota county! It seems but 
yesterday that these daring men crossed the 
Missouri river and laid the foundation of all the 
wealth and prosperity of to-day. Pioneers are 
generally individuals or families of limited 
means. As population increases, all the wealth 
and luxuries of life fall into the hands of the 
rich, who wisely determine to enjoy the comfort 
of their old homes among friends they have 
grown up with, and leave to others less fortunate 
the task of opening up new roads and subjugat- 
ing new countries. It requires considerable 
nerve and force of character to do this, and 
none but the bravest and stoutest hearts can 



muster up courage to undertake tlie daring ex- 
periment. In after year^ when the impartial 
historian shall chronicle the rise and progress 
of this, the greatest country the sun ever shown 
upon, no grander tributes, no higher monuments 
will ever be reared to any individual or class 
than to those who shouldered their axes and ri- 
fles, and with families and the little they could 
gather around them, bidding a sad farewell to 
friends and the home of their birth, plunged he- 
roically into the wild west and drove back the 
hordes of savage foes that lurked in the way. 
Here they built rude cabins, reared stockades, 
and with such improvised fortifications with- 
stood the hardships and privations and won vic- 
tories over opposing forces that justly entitles 
them to the world's highest consideration. The 
wealthy seldom emigrate. But in all thickly 
populated countries there are those possessed of 
proud spirits and unconquerable energy, who, 
rather than remain and battle with a consuming 
poverty they can never hope to shake off, seek 
new homes where land is cheap and fertile, and 
where they may hope to reach independence and 
a respectable standing among their fellowraen. 
It matters not whether this year or in the years 
to follow, when you chance to look over this 
beautiful valley and the beautiful blurt" lands, 
covered with thrifty farms and happy homes, 
with school houses and churches, with railroads, 
thriving towns and villages, pause for one brief 
moment to give praise unto the daring pioneers 
to whom you are greatly indebted for the bounti- 
ful blessings which you to-day enjoy, and whose 



I'RKFACK. MM 

names and the record of their heroic .■struggles 
appear in this book. 

The task of writing this book has, indeed- 
been no easy n^^atter. It covers a period of more 
than live years of work in collecting data, inci- 
dents, etc., whii^h has bronght me face to face 
with every old settler of the county, of whom I 
liave gathered, from their own lips, the material 
contained in this history. One by one the pio- 
neers are passing away, and my object was to 
collect from each one facts which in a few more 
years would have been bnried with them in the 
grave and forever forgotten. I hope the children 
of the pioneers will preserve this record and 
keep forever green the memory of our county's 
early settlement. 

M. M. Warner. 
Dakota City, Neb., December 25, 1893. 



LOaiSTIC 



^ONOR to tlie pioneers! Honor to tiieir no- 
r) l)le wives, who had the conrage to share 
■— ( alike with their husbands the trials and 
hardships" of early times. People are a!)t to 
make light of the assertion that the pioneers 
were brave men, but brave men they wei-e, and 
who can ever truly deny it^ They went forth in 
the si)ringtime of their years— in the morning of 
their lives, and after penetrating the ''far west" 
beyond the borders of civilization, finally stood 
as embattled heroes upon the wild primeval 
prairies of Dakota county. Heroic men, they 
marched with dauntless courage as veterans in 
the cause of civilization — as vanguards at the 
head of that vast army of emigrants which sub- 
sequently rolled across the rich and fertile 
plains of the west. Behold the scenes that met 
the gaze of this sturdy race of men thirty-seven 
years ago; no beautifid farms and pleasant 
homes; no thriving towns, schools and churches. 
The land was enveloped in rank prairie grass 
and wild jungles — it was, indeed, one vast wil- 



XVI KILOGISTJU. 

(leriieps, where the birds of the air and the wild 
aiiinialy of the forest lived unmolested.— Here 
they lived to endure the hardships and priva- 
tions of pioneer life, to fight the battles of ad- 
versity, to meet and overcome the trying obsta- 
cles whieh everywhere obstructed their path- 
way, until these once wild and uninhabited 
prairies were transformed into waving fields of 
grain, dotted here and there with happy homes, 
They are truly bricks interwoven in the founda- 
tion and general makeup of Dakota county 
demented with a spirit fit to conquer a wilder- 
ness and prepare for you and your children the 
fairest land on earth. The pioneers of Dakota 
county are, as they richly deserve to be, not only 
the representative men of their own h)cality, but 
of all Northern Nebraska. Although some of 
them are well advanced in years, their might 
and influence still sways the course of enterprise 
and progress throughout this region, and the 
effect of their remarkable activity will continue 
to live and be felt long after they will have 
passed away. The changing yeais passed on, 
the pioneers conceived the idea of holding an- 
nual reunions, and it is truly a beautiful sight 
to see gathered together in one assemblage be- 
neath the shades of pleasant groves, those once 
sturdy pioneers of other days— the founders and 
builders of all this n)agnificent country, and to 
see them meeting and shaking hands with each 
other, and talking over the bygone times of more 
than a third of a century ago. And let them 
talk it over and over again, for those were heroic 
times in a heroic period of our county's history, 



and the stories of their fortitude, nritirin.i,'- en- 
ergy and triumphant battles in subjugating the 
wild and uninhabited lands of the west will be 
told and retold to coming generations. In 
memory they live again a few brief hours oi tlir 
past, and with the flight of imagination (Hkc 
more they behold Dakota county in ils primev.il 
state, covered with deiise. jungles and rankwe;-*!- 
and prairie grass. They were then in the prinu' 
of their lives, but now they meet with locks 
whitened by the frostof years, to talk over tli( sr 
thrilling scenes of the days that are no more in 
which they were once actors, and to renew their 
allegiance to the friendship formed in pioneer 
times, w4iich death alone can sever. Praise tn 
the pioneers! Build them a monument, and let 
it be reared aloft from some high peak as a fit- 
ting tribute in commemoration of the grand 
victory they have won. And may their honored 
names forever shine upon the fairest pages of 
our county's history, and be chanted in song 
by coming generations long after the last gray- 
haired veteran shall have filed down the silent 
aisles to the River of Death and pitched his 
tent, lighted his campfire and taken up anew 
claim in some other and better and grander ''far 
west" beyond the gulf of Eternity on the 
shores of everlasting time. 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS, 



Old Si)ring Grove Pioneer Log Schoftl House 6 

Primeval Scene Ifi 

Dakota City Lutheran Church 6(i 

Sioux City, Iowa, and South Sioux City. Nebraska 97 

Corn Palace of 1887 98 

Corn Palace of 1888 and 1889 99 

Corn Palace of 1890 and 1891 lOd 

Proposed Corn Palace (never built) 102 

Blyburg Lake 118 

Seal of Nebraska 121 

Col. Charles D. Martin 207 

Gen. Joseph Hollman 211 

('ol. .Jesse F. Warner 227 

Mrs. Flannah M. Warner 229 

Judge Kelly W. Frazer 247 

Residence of William Taylor and family 259 

Dr. E. J. Deliell 291 

Capt. William Luther 306 

Mrs. Capt William Luther 307 

Col Warner^s Wild West Wire Stretcher 361 

Adam WenzePs Corn Planter 362 

Eugene B. Wilbur 369 



IBLE OF CONTENTS, 



CHAPTER I. 

Earliesst Explorers ,.. Si 

Lewis and Clarke Expedition i2 

Death of Sergeant Floyd 8H 

CHAPTER n. 

Territory of Louisania and Missouri 40 

First Steamer to Reach this Point 40 

Other Adventurers . . 41 

Treaty with the Omahas 42 

CHAPTER HI. 

Territory of Nebraska 43 

Dakota County Organized 48 

Advent of the Pioneers 44 

CHAPTER IV. 

Geology 47 

Natural Resources 47 



W CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER V. 

Extiiu't Towiis 49 

Ouiadi 49 

Logan •^- 

St. Johns ^5^ 

Pacific City ^4 

Franklin City •'^4 

Blyburg ^4 

Verona 54 

Randolph •>■> 

I>o(li ^^ 

Knunett ■'^•"^ 

CHAPTER Vr. 

I )akota County Towns -i^i 

Dakota City '3« 

Covington : 71 

Jackson "^ 

Homer 8H 

Hubbard 88 

Emerson 89 

South Sitiux (;ity 92 

Elk Valley 97 

Coburn Junction 97 

Xecora 97 

( Joodwin 7 

CHAPTER Vn. 

Products and Improvements 9S 

I 'rizes and Medals 99 

Cheese Maker's Association HH 

I'armers Club 191 

Bridges and lioads Kil 

iiailroads lOM 

(CHAPTER VHI. 

Indians H'H 



CONTENTS. XXI 

"The Logan War" • 108 

CHAPTER IX. 

Population 110 

CHAPTER X. 

Crimes and Casiialties Ill 

CHAPTER XL 

Fires 115 

CHAPTER Xn. 

(jireat Storms and Blizzards 119 

CHAPTER Xm. 

I'ublic Schools 122 

CHAPTER XIV. 

(\ainty Officers and Date of Their Election 127 

County Clerks 127 

County Treasurers 128 

County Sheriffs 128 

('ounty Judges ... 129 

County Superintendents 130 

County Surveyors 131 

County Coroners 131 

County Attorneys .... 132 

County Registers 132 

County rommissioners 132 

Board of Supervisors 133 

•Justice of the Peace- Omadi 135 

Justice of the Peace— Dakota 135 

•Justice of the Peace- St^ Johns 136 

J ustice of the Peace -Covington 137 

Justice of the Peace — Piaeon Creek 138 

Justice of the Peace- Summit 138 



XXII CUNTKNTS. 

Justice of the Peace— Pender 13 

Justice of the Peace— Hubbard 13y 

Justice of the Peace — Emerson 139 

County Assessors ■ I4(i 

Assessors— Omadi , 140 

Assessors— Dakota City 141 

Assessors— St. Johns 141 

Assessors -Covington 142 

Assessors —Hubbard 

Assessors— Pigeon Creek 14a 

Assessors -Summit 143 

Assessors - Emerson , 143 

Assessors —Pender 144 

County Vote for Presidents 144 

Members of the Territorial Legislature 144 

State Representatives 145 

Members of the Territorial Council 145 

State Senators 146 

CHAPTER XV. 

Special Offices 147 

Census Enumerators 148 

Other Elections 148 

District Court Judges 148 

Organizing the Precincts 150 

CHAPTER XVI. 

Public Cemeteries 153 

t'ublic Libraries 154 

Holidays loo 

Bottom Disease 157 

Lost Steamer Nugget 158 

Base Hall 158 

Camp Meeting 159 

lierger Poor Farm 159 

Soldiers' Uelief Commission KH) 

Brass Bands HJl 



CONTENTS. XXITI 

CHAPTER XVII. 

Ki(>iiT;ii)hif'al Sketches 1«3 

CHAPTER XVIII- 

rioneers and Old Settlers Association 312 

CHATPER XIX 

Anecdotes and Stories of Ye Olden Times 344 

CHAPTER XX. 

Dakota County Inventions and Patents 361 

CHAPTER XXI. 

Miscellaneous— County Seat Fight— Election of 1893, etc. 366 

CHATPER XXII. 

Additional Biographical Sketches 368 



HISTORICAL 



CHAPTER I. 



Kart.ikkt Explorers- Lewis and Clarke's ExPEonfoK 
AND Theik Sojourn in This Vicinity, 



THE BEWINNINO. 

fK(>BABLY the Hrst wliite men. except fur trader.s. 
who ever gazed upon the rich a»d fertile prairies of 
Dakota coutjty, were those of the Lewis and Clarke 
<'xpedition, althou<i^li Father Marquett, ou a map drawn in 
the ye:ir of our Lord, 167.3, traced the Missouri river at 
this point very accurately, and it may be that he trav- 
<M'sed tlie very soil where one hundred and eighty-tw(» 
ye:irs afterward was organized Dakota county. And 
it may he barely possible that Gen. Coronado, a Spanislt 
<'avaliei-, who is said to have reached the present limits 
<»f Nebraska in his expedition from the city ot Mexico 
in 1541, also beheld Dakota county in that year. 
Anion*; other things, Coronado in desciibint)j the coun- 
try says: "Here I found plums, such as I have seen in 
^^pain, walnuts and excelleiit ripe grapes.'" Now the 
fact that Dakota county contains tlie oldest ajjiJ hirirei^l 



H2 W ARNKr's lllSTOKY OK l>AKOTA (((I'NrY. 

walnut trees in Nebraska, inakeb it appear plausible 
that Ooronado and his 1,100 men actually stood upon 
what is to-dav the banner corn county of the state of 
Nebraska, three hundred and fifty-three years age. As 
a number of walnut trees cut down in this county have 
been found to be three hundred and eighty years old. 
Coronado could liave gathered walnuts from any of 
them when they were thirty-one years old. 

In May, 1609, Iberville, a French officer, planted a 
(•ulony on the Bay of Biloxi, within the present limits 
(tf the state of Mississippi, and took all the country l)e- 
tween the Alleghany and Rocky Mountains in the name 
of France. This region was called Louisiana, and although 
what is now Dakota county was a small portion of it, 
nevertheless, it was under French rule until Noveml)er 
H, 1702, when the Province of Louisiana was ceded to 
Spain. Tliis region was then under Spanish control for 
thii-ty-seven years, when the Province of Louisiana 
was re-ceded to France, and about three years later, on 
the 30th of April, 1803, it was ceded to the United 
States. Thus, for the first time, the soil on which we 
statid was under the ownership of our own country. 

THE LEWIS AND CLARKE EXPEDITION. 

On the acquisition of tliih vast territory to the 
United States, the president. Thomas Jefferson, planned 
an exploring expedition to ascertain the courses and 
sources of the Missouri river and most convenient water 
communication thence to the Pacific Ocean. Captains 
Merriweatlier Lewis and William Clarke, both army 
officers, were placed in charge of the command, which 
consisted of nine young men from Kentucky, fourteeit 
soldiers of the United States army, who volunteered 
their services, two French watermen, an interpretei" and 
hunter and ablack servant belonging to Captain Clarke. 
All these, except the last, were eidisted to serve as pri- 
vates during the expedition, which began ascending tike 



I.KWIS AND <;i.AKKK KXPEUniON. ' ^iH 

Mii?souri river tVoin its cuiiflneTice with the Mississippi. 
May 14th, 1804. Three sergeants were appointed 
nniono- them, and besides the above named crew, there 
uei'e a corporal and six soldiers, also nine waternien who 
were engnged to accompany the expedition as far as the 
Mandah nation. They had three boats or barges, tak- 
ing with them necessary stoi-es and presents for the 
Indian^, while two horses were led along the banks of 
the river to be used in Ininting. 

' The expedition reached what is now Dakota county. 
Monday, August 13, 1804, and passed up through what 
is now Blyburg lake, (then the Missouri river) to a 
point opposite the old George Smith place, where they 
found the month of a stream which they called Maha 
creek. This was Omaha creek, and the old settlers re- 
member when it emptied its waters at the above named 
point. They moved on, passing over the very place 
where, in recent yeare,Amberry Bates and othei-s, raised 
cropfe of corn— ti'en the middle of the river, and camped 
that night at a point on the river north of the old Sam- 
uel Dearing place, (now owned by Andrew J. Parker), 
opposite a large island, which included the Wm. Alte- 
mus farm and what used to be known as the "George 
Woods Timber." The river at that time extended 
around south of 1). 0. Dibble's farm and out as far as 
A. II. Baker's farm, thence south and ihen east to 
Parker's place, as above stated. Here they remained in 
camp for several days treating with tiie Indians and ex- 
ploring the adjacent coujitry. 

Soon after they had halted on the 18th, Sergeant 
Ordway and four men were detached to the Maha villao-e, 
which extended from the Heniy ream place near Homer, 
to the old Muses Kreps place, now owned by David 
Waterman. They starred southward and traveled down 
a portion oi what for many years lias been known as the 
Rathbun lane and came to Omaha creek, at a point 
west of tlie Gideon Warner farm, where the guide 



84 warnkr's history of Dakota county. 

meridian crosses that, stream, thence west along its bank 
to where the Oak mill was bnilt. Here they crossed 
the Elk creek, which they called "the north branch" and 
started south up Omaha creek, passing over the land 
now owned by Tim Murphy, D. Allen and Join* 
Braunt. Here is the diary for the expedition after 
they crossed Elk creek: 

"The walk was very fatiguinjj, as they were forced to 
break their way through grass, sunflowers and thietles, 
all above ten feet high and interspersed with wild pea. 
Five miles from our camp they reached the position of 
the ancient Maha village; it had once consisted of 300 
cabins, but was burnt four years ago, soon after the 
small pox had destroyed 400 njen and a proportion of 
women and children. On a hill, in the rear of the 
village, are the graves of the nation, to the south of 
whicii runs the fork of the Maha creek; this they crossed 
where it was a])out ten yards wide, and followed its 
course to the Missouri river, passing along a ridge of 
hill for one mile and a half and along p(jnd between 
that and the Missouri; they then re-crossed the Maha 
creek and arrived at the camp, having seen no tracks of 
the Indians nor any sign of recent cultivation." 

Although the above narrative was written eighty- 
nine years ago, the exact extent of their wanderings can 
, readily be determined. As has been above stated they 
left their camp on the river somewhere north of Par- 
ker's place, Auguit 13tli, going southward came to Oma- 
ha creek, thence west along its bank to Elk creek, which 
they crossed and proceeded, south to where Homer now 
stands. Here in the vicinity of Homer they camped 
that night, and the next day, the 14th, they explored 
the ruins of the ancient village of the Omaha Indians. 
They then crossed Omaha ci-eek at a point near where 
Henry Ream's house is now t^ituated. The ei'eek was 
then thirty feet wide and the water stood almost level 
with the banks, and this branch, or rather arm of Oma- 



I.KWIS AND CLARKE EXPEDITION. 35 

ha creek run from Homer ^outli-east along the foot of 
the high bluffs through what is to-day known as the 
Eeam, Ashford, O'Connor and "Warner iarujs, a distance 
from Homer of about two miles and a half, M'here it 
again connected with the main stream. Of course the 
water of this portion of the stream would be stagnant 
except in high water, when it would become a running 
stream. It appears that thej mistook this for a regular 
branch of Omaha creek. The party then climbed to 
the top of the bluffs at the Henry Eeam place, where 
they found the graves of hundreds of Omaha Indians, 
who had died of the small pox. These graves can be 
seen to this day. They followed along the top of the 
bluffs back of the present site of Ashford's and O'Con 
nor's residences and descended to the base of the bluffs 
near Pilgrim hill, thence along Omaha creek to where 
it emptied into the Missouri; here they again crossed 
the creek and turned to the north-west, passing ever 
what used to be the Isaac Lamoreaux place and thence 
north-west to their camp i ^X'^'X 1 ^ 

On the morning of the IStTi they saw a large smoke 
ascending from the forest to the north-east in the vicin- 
ity of the "George "Woods timber." Some men were 
sent to ascertain its cause and found that a small party 
who had lately passed that way had left some trees 
burning 

On the same day, while the expedition was waiting 
for the Indians to come and meet with ttien) in council, 
some of their men went down to the Omaha creek, south 
of the old Charles Bliven place, now owned by James 
Allovva}\and made a kmd of drag with small willows 
and bark and swept the creek where it was dammed up 
by beaver. They caught 318 fish, consisting of pike, 
bass, fish resembling salmon, trout, red horse, buffalo, 
rocktish, flathack, perch, catfish, silverfish and shrimp; 
here also, they found very fat muscles, and ducks and 
plover. 



i^fi \V^ KNKU'S HISTOKY OF KAKOTA <X^U> TY . 

The pioneers well remember wlie7i Omaha cr^ek, 
instead of flowing into the Misioiiri, as at present, ex- 
tended along east ot" the old Rathbnn and Bliven places, 
and a short distance south of the latter the creek Was 
mercred into a large pond or lake, caused by beaver 
uannningthe creek. This is the pond mentioned in Lewis 
and Clarke's diary for the 13th and 14th, On the 16th 
they again dragged this pond and got 800 flsli. 

On the evening of August 17th, one of the party 
who had been sent back to the (.)toe nation, returned 
with the information that the rest were coming on with 
a deserter and three chiefs of that tribe, who were de- 
sirous of making peace with the Mahas. As the Mahas 
had all left their village the surrounding prairies were 
set on fire, which was a customary signal in those days 
by traders to apprise the Indians of their arrival; ii 
was also used between different tribes as an indication 
of any event which had previously been agreed to be an- 
nounced in that way, and, as soon as seen cullecttd the 
neighboring Indians, unless it was appreheided to have 
been made by enemies. 

In the afternoon of the next day the party sent to 
Council Bluffs returned with Little Thief, Big Horse 
and six other Indian chiefs and a French interpretcu'. 
Six of them were Otoes and the other two were M issouris. 
It was a hot July day and Lewis and Clarke n»et them 
under the shade of five cotton wood trees then standing 
on what is now the Parker place. The pioneers well 
remember these trees, as they formed a shelter for many 
a camping paity. In January, 1890, Parker cut down 
the smallest of these trees, which was ninety-eight year^i 
old; previous to this he had cut another which was 
about one hundred and twenty years old, or thirty-four 
years old when this famous council was held beneath 
its shade, and five years old when the battle of Bunker 
Hill was fought. Before this, however, Samuel Dear- 
ing cut the second largest of these trees, which had 



r.EWlS >Nn CLARKK EXI'KDITIOK. 37 

withstoiKi tlie stoi-ins utid battles of the elements cf one 
linndred and thirty years; and the largest of all, which 
was five feet in diameter, fell a prey to the Old Muddy 
in 1876. The following account of this council is quot- 
ed from their journal: 

"We met them under a shade, and after they had 
finished a repast with which we had supplied them, we 
inquired into the orijjin of their war between them and 
the Mahas, which they related with great frankness. It 
seems that two of the Missouris went to the Mahas to 
steal horses, but were detached and killed. The Otoes 
and Missouris thought themselves bound t<.» avenge 
their companions, and the whole nations were at last 
oMiged to share in the dispute. They are also in fear 
«»f war from the Pawnees, whose village they entered 
this summer, while the inhabitants were hunting, and 
stole their corn. This ingenuous confession did not 
make us the less desirous of negotiating a peace for 
them; but no Indians have as yet been attracted by our 
fire. The evening was closed by a dance, and the next 
day (August 19tli) the chiefs and warriors being assem- 
bled at ten o'clock, we explained the speech we had 
already sent from Council Bluffs and renewed our ad- 
vice. They all replied in turn and the pi-esents were 
Hien distributed. * * * After a more substantial pre- 
sentation of small articles and tobacco, the council was 
ended with a dram to the Indians. In the evening we 
exhil)ited different objects of curiosity, and particularly 
the air-gun, which gave them great surprise. These 
people are almost naked, having no covering except a 
.'^ort of breech-cloth around the middle, with a loose 
blanket or buffalo robe, painted, thrown over tiiem. 
Tlie names of these warriors, besides those already men- 
tioned, were: Karkapaha or Crow's Head, and Neua- 
sawa or Black Cat, Missouris; and Sananona or Iron 
Eyes, Neswaunja or Big Ox, Stageaunja or Big Blue 
Eves, and Wasashaco or Brave Man, all Otoes, These 



IW 



WARNERS HISTORY OF ItAToTA COUNTY. 



two tribes speak nearly the same lannfiianre. Tliey all 
begged us for whisky.'' 

The next morning, August 20tli, the Indians were 
given a canister of whisky, when they mounted their 
horses and road away. 

The expedition then set sail and passed two large 
islands on the north — one including the old Geo. 
Woods place, the other where McUenry's saw mill is 
located. While they were thus passing along the sub- 
sequent site of Dakota City, Sergeant Charles Floyd 
was writhing in the last throes of death, and died as 
they reached the high bluffs, about one mile south of 
the Floyd river, which was so named in honor of this 
brave soldier. Just before his death he said to Captain 
Clarke: "I am going t.» leave you," — his strength 
failed him as he added, "I want you to write me a let- 
ter." They buried his body on the lop of the high 
bluff, with military honors, and the grave was marked 
i)y a cedar post, on which his name and the day of his 
death were inscribed. The place of his burial was called 
Floyd's bluff. It seems that his death was caused by 
an attack of billions colic, bi-ought on l)y eating wild 
honey, which the party had found either at Col. Baird's 
l)luffs or along the bluffs east of Romer — 0r possibly on 
Honey creek. They camped that night at the mouth of 
the Floyd. 

On the morning of August 2Lst they sailed by the 
site of Sioux City and at three miles from the Floyd 
came to the mouth of the Big Sioux, which then flowed 
into what is now Crystal lake, opposite South Sioux 
(yity. After passing through that lake they came to 
the site of old St John's, where they killed their flrst 
buffalo, also a deer and beaver were killed, and they 
saw two elk as they scampered over the hills to where 
Jackson now stands. 

Lewis and Clarke, after reaching the headwaters ot 
the Missouri, passed over the mountains and thence 



LKWISANl) CLARKE EXPEDITION, 8'.) 

down the Culuiubia river to the PaeiHf Ocean. 

On their return trip they readied Floyd's Hiiiir at 
noon, Septenibei 4, 1806, and found tlie grave of Floyd 
liad been opened and was lialf uncovered. They filled 
it up and proceeded down to their old canipiuiJi; place, 
near Parker's house, and remained there ovcm" nicvlu, 
where they dried all their !)agga<i[e, whicli had l)een wet 
by rain on the previous evening. 

They landed in St. Louis September 28. ISOC). 
having traveled about eight thousand miles, tiie tinse 
consumed in making the journey being two years, four 
months and ten days. 

In the spring of 1857 Floyd's grave was partially 
washed away by the Missouri, and the skull and other 
bones were taken to Sioux City, where they remHine<l 
in the olhee of Moore & Clapp until "T'liy of the same 
year, wlien the grateful citizens of that place re-interred 
them on a blutf two hundred yards east of theold grave. 
The grave of this daring- adventurer may still be • seen, 
marked «i,s it is, by a small cedar post, instead of a tit- 
ting monument in memory of the first person to die in 
that world-renowned expedition, 

William Clarke was born in Virginia in 1770, and 
died in 1838. Was the last territorial governor of Mis, 
riouri and also Superintendent of Indian Affairs. 

Merriweather Lewis was born in Virginia in 1774 
and died in 1800, Was Ti-esident Jefferson's private 
jsecretarj. 



CHAPTER II. 



Territory of Louisiana ani> Missouri — First Steamer 
TO Reach This Point— Other Adventurers — 
Treaty With the Omahas. 



By an act of congress, passed March 8, 1805, the 
District of Louisiana became the "Territory of Louis- 
iana;" what is now Dakota county being included in the 
new territory. St. Louis was made the capital and 
President Jefferson appointed James Wilkinson govern- 
or and Frederick Bates secretary. On the 4tli of June. 
1812, the "Territory of Missouri" was organized, within 
the bounds of which was the present area of Dakota 
county. The legislature of this territory adopted the 
common law of England for the regulation of its affairs. 

Prior to this, however, in 1808, the Missouri Fur 
(V^mpany was established with Pierre Choteau, William 
Clarke, Sylvester Labodie, Manuel Lista, Auguste 
Choteau and Pierre Menard as principal managers. 
Their first expedition, under Maj. A. Henry, passed up 
the Missouri along the boundary of what is now Dakota 
county and established a trading post on the headwaters 
of the river. There is no record of what they saw in 
(Mir county or what was their opinion of it. 

the first steamer to beach this point. 

The Western Engineer, a government steanier. 
started from Pittsburg on the 8rd of May, 1811), iiaving 
on board an exploring expedition sent out by ordei- 



OTHER ADVENTURBBS. 41 

of the president to explore the Missuuri river and the 
country west of it to the Rockj Mountains. The expedi- 
tion wati under the coininaiid of Maj. Stephen H. Long, 
and arrived at St. Louis on the 20th of June and reach- 
ed a point live miles below Council Bluffs September 
lOth, where they remained that winter. The following- 
p.pring they received orders from John C. Calhoun, 
secretary of war, to proceed overland to the headwater.- 
of the i\rkansas and Red rivers. The Western Engi- 
neer then received anew commander and was used foi' 
the traxisportation of government supplies to the forts 
and trading posts along the Missouri which was the 
first steamer that ever passed along the borders of Da- 
kota county. 

The second steamer to find her way up the Missou- 
ri was the Yellowstone, belonging to the American Fur 
Company, landing here in the summer of 1881 and 
commanded by Capt. Bennett. The men who man. 
aged the boat ofttimes commented upon the beauty of 
tin's land and wondered if it would ever be peopled by 
white men. 

OTHEK ADVEKTDKEES. 

Fr«m time to time other adventurers and traders 
are known to have crossed over the beautiful land that 
forms our county, but as they have left no traee of their 
sojourn here we pass them by. 

In 1822 William H. Ashley, in the interest of the 
Rocky Mountain Fur Company, of St. Louis, equipped 
two boats to ascend the Missouri to the mouth of the 
Yellowstone, and thus again white men gazed up<:»n the 
land of Dakota county. 

In 184:7 the Mormons, on their way to Salt Lake, 
erossed the Missouri at Bellevue and traveled along the 
divide between the Logan and Missouri rivers, which 
brought them across the south-western portion of Dakota 
county, and to tJiis day can be seen the oid '^Mormon 



42 Warner's history of Dakota (;ounty. 

Trail" made by this expedition. 

Another large expedition of the Mormons crossed 
the plains to Salt Lake dnring the summer of 1853, and 
a portion of them, who were late in the fall getting 
started were overtaken l»y cold weather, M-ent into wintei- 
quarters near the site of old St. Johns, where they re- 
mained until spring. 

In 1848 William Thompson built a log cabin on 
the east side of the Missouri, at Floyd's Bluff, about 
three miles below Mdiere Sioux City was afterwards lo- 
cated, and the following year Theophili Brughier, a 
Canadian Frenchman, settled at the mouth of the Big 
Sioux river, who is now living near Salix, Iowa. The 
same year, (1849) liobert Perry located on Peri-y creek 
and in 1850 Paul Pacquette made his home near the 
mouth of the Big Sioux. In 1851 Josepli Lionias, 
who had previously been employed on the upper river 
by a fur company, settled within the present limits of 
Sioux City, Iowa. These facts concerning Sioux City 
and vicinity are given so as to form a more perfect his- 
tory of Dakota county from the eai'liest times, and in 
this connection might be mentioned Dr. John K. Cook, 
the founder of Sioux City, who surveyed that town in 
1854. 

TREATY WITH THE OMAHAS. 

By a treaty made with the Omaha Indians and 
proclaimed J\me 21, 1854, all their land west of the 
Missouri river except the "Omaha Keservation," con- 
taining 310,000 acres, was ceded to the United States. 
and tlius the land that constitutes Dakota county was 
opened for settlement. Prior to this, altliough it w;is 
an ''Indian country," several of our pioneers crossed 
over here to get a glimpse of this country, among whom 
were: John B. Arteaux, June 6, 1851; Thos. L Grif- 
fey, in the fall of 1851; Gustave Pecaut, in 1852; Wm. 
H. James, Leonard I^)atcs and Wm. L. Madden, in 1853. 



CHAPTER III, 



Territuky of Nebraska— Dakota County Oroaniz-ki 
— Advent of ti[e Pioneers. 



For more than thirty-two years after the adiui!>- 
sioii of Missouii as a state into tlie Union, iSTebraska 
was practically without a government, although it was 
incliuled in what was known as the "JSlorth western Ter- 
ritory,"' but as it was "an Indian country,*' there wa;- 
very little except Indians to be governed. Nebraska 
Territory was organized by an Act of Congress passed 
March 4, 1854, and indorsed by the president on the 
;}Oth of the following May, and at that time included 
l»esides the present state of Nebraska, a portion of 
Colorado, North and South Dakota, Montana, Wyom- . 
ing, and part of Idaho. Francis Burt was appointed 
])y President Pierce as first gov^ernor. 

DAKOTA COUNTY ORGANIZED. 

Dakota county was organized by an act of the first 
territorial legislature, March 7, 1855, in response to a 
petition presented January 22, 1855, signed by J. D. 
M. Crockwell and thirty-one others. Its boundaries 
were as follows: Fro!>i north-east comer of Blackbird 
county, up main channel of Missouri to line between 
ranges six and seven east, thence south to north line of 
Blackbird, thence to place of beginning. Countv seat. 
Dakota. 

In 1858 a bill was passed by the legislature annex 



-44 wakkek's history of Dakota county. 

in^ to Dixon coinitv one- half of townships 27, 28 aiul 
29, and all of townships 30 and 31, making it tliesniall- 
est county in the state except Sarpy. In 1879 its 
southerii boundary was removed downward to the 
middle line of township 25, thus including for "elect- 
ive, judicial and revenue purposes" a portion of the 
Winnebago and C)maha Reservations. 

In 1889 Thurston county was organized, with tiie 
northern border of the Winnebago Reservation for its 
north boundary, leaving Dakota county boundaries as 
follows: Bounded on the north by the ]Vlis?ouri river 
and Dixon county; on the west by Di'xon county; on 
the south by Winnebago Reserve or Thurston county; 
and on the east by Missouri river — containing about 
two hundred and twenty-five square miles, or nearly 
one hundred and twenty-nine thousand acres. The 
county was surveyed by Samuel F. Watts, employed by 
the government contractor, Dr. John K. Cook, of Sioux 
City, Iowa, in 1857. 

advent of the pioneers. 

Early in the year of 1855 the advance picket of that 
remarkable army of pioneers, who invaded this then 
wild, primeval land and in a few fleeting years trans- 
formed it into beautiful homes, dotted here and there 
with stirring towns and villages, arrived upon the east- 
ern shore of the miglity Missouri, proclaiming to the 
woods and the prairies, to the hills and vales, and to the 
beasts and birds thereof, that they had "come to stay.'' 
Some of them settled on that side of the river, in Sioux 
City and Woodl^ury, while others casting their advent- 
urous eyes beyond the turbulent waters of the Missouri, 
beheld the fairy-like land of Dakota county. Among 
these were Henry Ream, who on the 15th of May, 1855, 
crossed the river and after penetrating the rank grass 
and weeds and jungles, stood upon the bluffs near 
where Col. H. Baird afterward located. Soon after 



ADVENT OF TUp: PIONEERS. 46 

this Adam Beuner and Charles Rouleaux explored the 
county, Benner settling, as it is claimed by soine, in 
what is now Dixon county. 

Father Jerniiah Trecy and his brotlier John J. 
Trecy arrived from Dubuque, Iowa., June 25, 1855, in 
search of a location to estal)lisli a colony. After ex- 
ploring the country tliey selected the land where, the 
following spring, old St. Johns was founded, by a colony 
of Irish from near Dubuque, Iowa, 

On the first day of July of the same year, George 
T. Woods, in company with a frenchman (Armell,) and 
two Blackfeet Indians, crossed the river and went afoot 
to the Col. H. Baird bluffs, thence south to the Tim 
Murphy place, and here on the afternoon of July 1, 
1855, he drovedown the first claim stake ever driven in- 
to Dakota county soil. There were no impressive cere- 
monies or eloquent "corner stone" speeches on the 
occasiuii, although it will ever stand out as a very im- 
portant step in tlie history of Dakota county. 

One or two days later a party was made up in 
Woodbury of the tbllowinij^, as near as can be ascer- 
tained: Jacob H. Ilallock, George T. Woods, Charles 
Rouleaux, Ray Harvey, John Samuels, John Bay and 
Robert G. Alexander, who crossed the river, going west 
to where St. John's was located — here they found the 
Trecys cutting grass^ — then to where Ponca now stands, 
and back to the Col Baird place. The party took claims 
at different points along their journey. 

On the 4:th of July, 1855, nearly the same party 
crossed over to tlie subsequent town site of Omadi in 
the way of celebrating the national holiday. Witliin a 
few days Chauncey A. Ilorr joined the party. 

On the 19th of August of this year Jesse Wigle 
and party, consisting of Spenaer Moore, Robert and 
William Pilgriin, and others, crossed over to Dakota 
county. Mr. Wigle, who was the first white man to 
settle here with his family, had visited the county prior 



4<) WARWBR's history of DAKOTA COUNTY. 

to this time — in June of the same year. Tliis party 
had "come to stay, "and brought M-ith tliem their liousr. 
hold effects. 

During the fall of 1855 a number of settlers ar- 
rived, among whom might be mentioned: Harlon 
Baird, Abraham Hirsch, Benjamin Hicks, Moses Krep.-. 
Joseph Brannan, A. H. Baker, William Cheney. 
Florace Dutton, Squire Button, William B. Tayli>i\ 
Henry Young, Gastave Pecaut and George L. Boals. 

The county, it might be said, was now fairly start- 
ed on its prosperous career. 

For further particulars about the early settlement 
of the county, tlie reader is referred to the bi()graphies 
of the pioneers. 




CHAPTER IV. 



Geology and Natural Kesgurces, 



Prof, Samuel Aughey, in his essay on geologj 
says: 

"■As now understood from its roeks memorial. 
there have been five great eras in geological history, 
viz: ArcliiBan. Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Cenozoic and Pscj- 
cliozoic. During the early part of the first or Archaean 
era, our globe was companion star to the sun, and 
glowed by a heat and shown by a light of its own.'' 

Dakota county has been visited by a number of 
■(.nninent geologists, l*ef'ause of its peculiar geological 
formation, and the "Dakota Group" was so named from 
the fact that these stratums of different grades of sand- 
stone were first discovered in this county along the 
bluffs east of Homer which was once the bed of a sea. 
.and this group was formed by sedimentary deposits. 

The county is well supplied with good building 
stone and there is plenty of s.ind for phistering pui-po- 
ses on the Missouri bottom, also in the uplands, where 
it crops out on high Miififs. An excellent quality of 
•clay is found here for )naking brick. The soil of Dako- 
ta county is the very best in the state, the loam or loess 
formation is hei-e a!tout two hundred feet in deptlL 
One half tlie C(Minty is Missouri bottom land aJid the 
•other poi"ti<ui upland and valleys. 

NATUKAL KKSOURCES, 

When the })ioneei-s first came here they found large 
forests which in later years siiccnmljt^d to the w^iwx,)- 



48 Warner's history of dakota county. 

man's ax. 

'•In 1851," said Thos. L. Griffey, "the land along 
the river between Dakota City and Covington was cov- 
ered with the largest and most dense timber ever seen 
in the west." 

Bnt notwithstanding the vast amount of timber 
that has been consumed and sent to mai-ket, Dakota 
county still has a supply to last her people for many 
years to come. On the Missouri bottom, generally bor- 
dering the river, are groves of cotton wood, white, yel- 
low, prairie and red or diamond willow, boxelder, ash 
and white elm, also some soft maple. Along the small- 
er streams and on the high bluff lands interspersed 
witli deep ravines, is to be found excellent timber, such 
as walnut, red and burr oak, red, white and i-ock elm, 
ironwood, boxelder, cottonwood, hickory, cot^eebean. 
mulberry, hackberry, dogwood, haw-thorn and bass- 
wood. Some of the cottonwood trees are over three 
huiidred years old and black walnut trees have been cut 
down wiiich have withstood the storms of three hundred 
and eighty years. In 1805 and '(56, 500,000 feet of 
walnut lumber were shipped to Onidui. 

Among the wild fi-uits, berries and nuts are to be 
found: Plum, grape, strawberry, raspberry, mulberry, 
gooseberry, haw-thorn, chokechei'ry, hazelnut and wal- 
nut. 

The county is abundantly supplied with water. 
Besides being bounded on the north and east by the 
Missouri river, it is drained by a number of creeks and 
contains hundreds of springs of pure water, principally 
on the uplands. Omaha the laigest creek of i he county, 
enters it from the south, and after receiving the waters 
of Wigle, Fiddler and Elk creeks from the west and 
northwest, it Hows into the Missouri river, about five 
miles south of Dakota City. 

The native gnisses yet generally prevail — a few 
farmei-s raisini; timothy, clover and blue grass — slough 
grass on the bottoms and blue joint on the uplands. 



CHAPTER V, 



EXTINCT TOWNS. 



Omadi — Logan — St. Johns— Pacific City — Franklim 
City— Blyburg — Verona — Randolph — Lodi. 



The pioneers had one weakness, at least, and that was 
a bad one, in other words, to use the modern phrase, 
"tliey had it bad" — a mania for laying out town sites. 
At one time ten towns along the river from Blyburg to 
Fonca, with tlieir additions included, contained over 
ten thousand acres. Of these towns but two ai-e now 
existing-— only in the memory of the early settlers, ex- 
cept Ponca, v,hich by a change in the boundary line i« 
now in Dixon county. The two surviving towns are 
Dakota City and Covjngrton. 

Omatji-- The first of rlie extinct towns to be laid 
out was Omadi. This town, with Hve additions, was 
situated on the west bank of the Missouri river, near 
the line between townships 27 and 28, range 9, about 
live miles south of Dakota City, on a claim taken by 
Charles Rouleaux. The first settlers were Geo. T. 
Woods, Chauiieey A. Ilorraud Moses Kreps, m' ho crossed 
the river September 1, 1855, and began building a log 
cabin, which was one of the tirst constructed by wliite 
men in the county (except jwssibly a cabin built on 
tlie present site of Covington by Gustave Pecaut,) to 
live in, while they were building a saw mill. Mr. 
Woods, foreseeing the coming of fntureevents, reasoned 
that a human tide wcuild soon roll across the rich and 



OO WAKNEr's history of DAKOTA COUNTY. 

fertile praii'its of ]Vel)i-asl<ti, and that a lai-ge q'^aiitity 
of lumber woiiKl be reqnii'ed to satii«ly tbe demand. A. 
H. Balver and Jacob 11. IJalloek soon joined tliem in 
tbe wo)k, wliicli tbey kept up aU'wimer and tlie saw 
mill was put into operation April 1, 1850. 'Iliey sold 
Inmber at $80 per tlionsand ftet, and tlie li.ist piircbased 
by llie settlers Mas nsed in the construction of the old 
Gideon Warner'lionse, now standing on bis farm in that 
vicinity. While the mill was in conrse of construction 
otheis settled in the town. Cliai-les Rouleaux erected 
tbe second cabin and John Bay put together a log store 
building, M'bicli constituted the entii'e village for the 
winter of '55 and 'Sf), and besides the above n.entioned 
setters its iidiabitants were: AVm. Cheney, Benjamin 
Ilicks, Jdhn Gallagher, Eobert Alexander and a few 
others, all of whom crowded into the three lonely cab- 

In the spring of 1850 new settlers began toarrive» 
the town was properly laid out, AVilliain C. AIcBeath 
opened Jip a store, Stephen Draper brought in a steam 
saw mill, and before fall it had grown ti) he considei'able 
of a town. It flourislied until '57 ^nd '58, when it bad 
reached the zenith of its glory. A. good frame school 
bnildiuir was ei-ected, which was afterwards moved down 
justn(»rth of Thomas ISniitlrs pbice wbei-e it was ui^eCl 
as a school house for tliat district, and the town con- 
tained a population of about i'our hundred inhabitants. 
Abraham llirsch opened upthefii'st hotel in 1850 and 
Henry Ilea**) soon afterwards engaged in tlie same busi- 
ness. VVilliam Young also kept a boarding house. 
Miss Putmun,of Sioux City, taught the first school in 
Oniadi, commencing abovit the middle of April, '57, 
which w;is also the first in the county, and Maria Pai-- 
soiis and Julia jVash wei-e the next teachers. Dr. (t. 
\V. Wilkinson taught school here in 1858 in what is 
now Wm. ^'heney's old loi>- barn, which was moved to 
Dakota (Jity bv C. F. Elkhart. Among bis schoiara 
were Charley Ford^ Michael Kenuelly, MiU'cellus and 



EXTINCT TOWNS. 51 

Oliarles Keaiii and Mary Eeam now Mrs. W. 0. Mc- 
I^eatli. 

Tlie lirst newspaper, wliicii was also tlie first in 
the eonnty, called the Oniadi Enterprise, was established 
here in July, 1857, and was edited Dy George W. Rnst, 
afteivvards editor of the Stock Jonrnal. at Chicago 
The paper was sold to Griffin and Taff'e, in 1858, and 
expired in the same year. A shingle mil) was operated 
by Shnll & Ilartman. 

The first city election ot wljich there is any record 
w«s held on Monday, March 22, 1858, the ibHowing 
officei-s being elected for a term of one year: M. G. 
Wilkini'On, ma^or; Wm. D. Smitii, recorder; Wm. 
Cheney, assessor; Win. C. McEeath, treasurer; J. B. 
Dickey, marshal; Geo. T. Woods. G. W. Burks and S. 
G. Cochran, aldermtn. At a special election held Jnne 
27, 1&5J», tlie following officers uere electtd: John 
Taffe, mayor; Geo. \V. AVilliamson, recorder; A. 11. 
Baker, marshal; Alexander Ford, assessor; Wm. C. 
McBeatJi, treasurer, S. G Cochran, M. Kennelly, IJeni-y 
Ream, E. Ji. Kash and Domonic Bciliiibki, aldermen. 

Omadi pest oftice was established in 1857 with 
Henry IJeam as postnjaster, succeeded by A. IJ. Baker 
and Asa Bathhun. It was then turned over to J. W. 
Davis, on Grnaha creek, and was alterwaids moved to 
Charles H. Bottei-'s place; was discontinued in 1872 
and Homer post otMce establh^hed. 

Bev. Wm. M. Smith, a Methodist minister, held 
religious services in the Omadi school house. 

About this time Wm. Ashburn came to the town 
and began preparations lor the hiiildiirg of a large 
hotel. Thos. Ashford burned the brick, the cellai- was 
d'lg while Ashbnrn was bus-ily engagtd colUcting a 
hiiiie sum of ''bonus money," which he took wilh him 
as he tied the count I'y, and the hotel echeme was a tail- 
tire. This Mas a forerunner of moie and greater disas- 
ter, as the village hegan to decline, the trcacheious Mis- 
son i-i washed away a poition of the town, and thus tlie 



52 Warner's history of Dakota county. 

march of decay went on until 1865, when every liotise 
liad been removed, some to Dakota City and others up- 
on farms, Tlius tliesite of a once prosperous and buoy- 
ant town was turned over to the merciless ravage of a 
relentless river and Omadi sleeps to-dny in the broad 
bosom of the Missouri river. 

Logan. — Was situated on the Missouri river, now 
Crystal lake, the Meridian line between townships 28 
and 29, forming its main street. It was surveyed in 
June, 1856, by ISamuel F. Watts, and filed for record 
July 16th ot the same year, several additions being 
made to the town afterwards. Tiie town grew very 
rapidly and soon became the rival of Omadi and other 
towns of the county. Among its early settlers were 
Horace Dutton, John Pierce, Samuel Whitehorn, Leon- 
ard Bates, Jan>es Westcott, Jesse F. Wai-ner, Harry 
Lyons. W. W. Marsh, Robert Carnihan, Jnmes Ashley, 
G. McFall, (founder of the town), John Joyce, Charles 
T.Parker, i). B. Dodson, Caleb Leg, Wm. Carnihan, 
John, Thomas, Daniel aiul Frank Virden and Alfred 
Elam. Two stores were kept Ly Harry Lyons arul Wm. 
Carnihan. The Virden Bros, opened up a lai-ge hotel 
(now known as the old T. L. Grifley house at Dakota 
City, which was afterwards moved there); James Ashly 
conducted a blacksmith shop and Dr. M. Saville was 
physician. L» the sumnier of 1858 a sul)scription 
school was opened with Ottie Marsh as first teacher, 
and among hei" scholars were Mrs. E. J. DeBell nee 
Nellie Warner, Mrs. Clark Ellis nee Mary Willis, Mrs. 
John McQuilken nee Alice Push, Mrs. Wm, Armour 
nee Jane Garner, William Push and James Willis. 
During this year Logan hsid reached jthe height of its 
prosperity, containing at that time more than twenty- 
five housi-s, when the Missouri began to gnaw away its 
northern portion and its inhabitants commenced to 
iriove their houses to Dakota City and adjacent farms. 
By 1860 the town was entirely deserted, the Virdens 
being the last to leave. 



KXTlXcr TOWN!:. 53 

St. JoHNS--\Vas also called St. Patrick's colony. 
located on the Missouri river, about one mile north of 
rliicks<»n, in tdun^^liip 29, range 8; surveyed and plotted 
hy John J. Trecy, in Jnne, 1856, and incorporated by 
the county commissioners in January, 1857 

Oil tiie second day of June, 1856, a Catholic colo- 
iiv from near Dubuque, Iowa, arrived on the town site, 
consisting of eigliteen wagons and abiuit sixty persons, 
some of whom remained in the village, others selecting 
claims in what is now St. Johns and Summit townships. 
This colony was under the charge of father .Jeremiah 
Trecy and its members were, as near as can be learned: 
r'ather Trecy's mother and fallier and widowed sister 
Mrs. C'oyle, Daniel Diiggan, James Kellehan, George 
Portiss, Michael Mclvivergan, James Jone"> Michael 
McCormick, Charles J^oyle, John, James , Patrick and 
Nichohis Ryan, William IlotJjan, Simon Magen, Patrick 
Twohig, Arthur Short, John Trecy and Edward Jones, 
all but tiie last four having families. Tliomas Curren 
and Joseph Ijrannan kept the first stores. Drs. En- 
right and Matthews were the lirst physicians. In 1857 
a steam saw mill was built; a log school house was 
erected and Miss Rosana Clark taught the iirst school, 
wliich was the second school in the county, commencing 
about the third week in April of that year. The year 
1858 witnessed the town's palmiest days, when its pop- 
ulation numbered nearly tw(» hundred. 

At a special town election, the first of which there 
is any record, held at the house of John J. Tiecy, Feb- 
ruai-y 15, 1858, the fcdlowing otHcers were elected: John 
.J. Trecy, mayor; Gerald Dillon, recorder; Cornelius 
O'Connor, assessor; Arthur Short, marshal; Thomas 
(Jni-ren, John Williamson and Duncan McDonald, al- 
derniLMi. Tiie liallot box used at this election is now in 
the posbcssion of Mrs. Capt. C. 0'(X)nnor. 

The people l)ecame dissatisfied with the location of 
St. Joiins find its gradual dept)pulation began, until 
e\'ery resident had moved away. The town site was 



54 Warner's history of Dakota countt. 

vacated in accordance with a petition pj-esented- to the 
county cotnnjissioners by James A. Trecy, owner of the 
land, December 3, 1806, and thus St. Johns was oblit- 
erated from the face of the earth. 

Pacific City. — Was surveyed and plotted October 
18, 1856, by G. W. F. Sherman, its incorporators being 
Alonzo Moses, Joseph Ilollman and Andrew i«l. Hunt, 
with an addition by San ford and Martin. The town 
was situated about where South Sioux City is now built, 
in township 29, range 9, east, and was incorporated 
June 7, 185S, with the following trustees: 11. C. 
Tili'ey, J. F. Sanborn, D. P. Kent, Charles Kent, and 
Samuel A. Ayres. In 1857 it contained ab«»ut ten good 
frame buildino;s, but its inhabitants becomincr discon- 
tented with the location, all moved away, Mr. Sanford 
being the hist to leave;. 

Franklin Citv. — Was situated in section 32 and 
33, township 29, range 9, east, about two miles north 
of Dakota City, and incorporated June 7, 1858, wirh 
tlie following trustees: Alanson Baker, Nathaniel 
Watts, Henrv Henuiugs, John Hope and Eugene L. 
Wilbur, who were Mppointed by the county commis- 
sioners. The founders of the town were Joseph T. 
Turner and John Feenan; the plot was filed for record 
January 30. 1857. It never had the honor of contain- 
ing a single house, although a number of lots were sold 
to eastern parties. 

Pr.YBUKG.— Was surveyed and founded September 
20, 1856, by Col. E. John "Pleyel; situated in the ex- 
treme south-eastern part of the county, Iiordei-ing the 
Indian reservation, but contained only two cabins, and 
was soon deserted by its proprietors. Its oidy settlers 
wei-e E. John Pleyel. John Tulo. Uriah Nickorson 
and Benjamin Trusedale. The country in this vicin- 
ity is still called Blyburg. 

Vkkona.— I^'ounded by Jos^eph Kerr and W D. 
Kol)ei-ts, was situated opposite the mouth of the Floyd 
river, below Covington: incorporated November 20, 



EXTINCT TOWN P. OO 

1858, with tlie following trustees: Joseoh Kerr, Ellis 
W. Wall, W. D. Roberts, W. Cohh and R. R. Mask- 
ino-. The town never contained ;uiy houses. 

IIandolvu. -Was a post office until 1877, and sit- 
uated about four iniles south-west of Homer, on Wigle 
creek: so named in honor of its first mail carriei', Jasper 
ivandolph. The post office was kept at the house of 
Wm L. Coveil, who was its only postmaster. 

LoDi. — Was a post office located at Oak's mill, two 
miles north of Homer, nnd its postmasters were Sam. A. 
(\)ml)s, John Oak and John Bridenbaugh. In 1874 
Mr. Bridenbaugh moved the office to his farm and the 
foUowinii^ year it was discontinued. 

Emmktt. — A post office situated in the northern 
j)art of the county, was discontinued in 1873. 




CHAPTER VI. 



DAKOTA COUNTY TOWNS. 



Dakota City — Covington Jackson — -Homer — Hub- 
bard — Emerson — South Sioux City — Elk Valley 
— ^CoBURN Junction — Necora — Goodwin. 



Havino- traced the extinct towns from their rise to 

o 

decay, the surviving towns and new ones will now re- 
ceive attention. 

DAKOTA CITY, 

(/Ounty seat of Dakota county, was temporarily surveyed 
in 1855, and the foUowinj^ year it was re-snrveyed un- 
der tliB direction of the Dakota City Company, of which 
Augustus Kouncze, afterwards a wealthy banker of New 
York, was president. A plot of the town was tiled for 
record September 20, 185r3, by J. D. M. Crockwell, 
agent for the Dakota City Company, and the city was 
incorporated by the county commissioners April 5, 1858 
with the foUowiiiL^ limits: East one-half of section 8, 
and sections U and lO, township 2S, range 1), east. On the 
same day trustees were appointed as follows: Barna- 
bas Bates, (too. a. Hiiisdale, Wm. H. Jaines, E. Wakely 
and John C. Turk. S.inuel Whitehoru, W. H. S. 
Hno-hes and Jaines W. Virtue were also selected as 



DAKOTA ("ITY. 57 

judges for the first towii election, held on Monday, Mhj 
3, 1858, at which time the abo\-e trustees were re-elect- 
ed, with the exception of E. Wa]<eiy, and he was super- 
seded by J. D. Ivi. Ciockwell. At a special election held 
February 7, 1S59, which Mas the fiist to select town 
officei's, the followincr were elected: Barnabas Bates, 
m:;yor; James W Virtue, recorder; CliarlesF. Echhart. 
assessor; J . M. Yanauhen. marshal; Thomas T. Collier, 
treas-urer; J. IS'. PI, Patrick, Wm. PI. James. John 0. 
Tiu-h, E. F. ]\Jason and John B. Zeiplei-, aldeiinen. 

Fairly S>'j'Ji.nviJh]ST. — About the Hrst step in the 
fouTiding of Ea]<ota City was wheii J. D. M. Crockwell 
applied to the Teri'itoiial I eoislatuie lor a ferry iran- 
chii-e 8t rbat point, on the Missou]'i liver, January 31, 
1855. which was granted Feb] nary 9, cif tbe srme yeai'. 
The iiri-t house in the t» \\ n wms built liy Benjamin F. 
Clifinibeis, in IViaicb, IbCf), nutde of Iol'S. wiih flat dirt 
roof, ^- round f ooi-, one hole i'oi- a door and anothci- foi' a 
window, wliich whs afteiwaids in Tiov(d Miid Ixfjt as a 
hotel by J. D. ]\i. Cicicbwell. and li^;mfd tbe "Chibua- 
hua liou!-c." An org the frt-t to ai'rive were: "VA'm. 
II. Jiin.es, John IVIcQuilhen. AAin. Adair. Samuel Mc- 
Cartnty, Jmnts P;i(h(y, Jos(]b Ilolln mu, W. G. Craw- 
foid, !• . A. i;< 1 ini-di. J( In IV'; fzi^'ci', J( bn IS'iK'hUsch, 
Clins F((n', P. (t. Pficlaid find sisKi- Po)ii,(''a. after- 
wj'ids wife (f J< 1 n ^-.f'/.i^ir, mid Ceo. A. IliiiKhde. 
John JSablzigc 1- ojiciud up lie Hist store ;ind Ilollman 
c^' Ci Mw fold tbe ti 1st law ( fb'ce. k^on e of the Mi-iivals 
for ]^57 :iiid 'CSwtre Aiio„stT. Ihuii-e. C. F. Eckhnrt, 
B. Pat(s, F. P, Mason. John B. Zeigler, Michael Mc- 
Paii}.'lilin, Henry W. Wood. W. F. Pocbwood and Geo. 
F. JS'icbols. iUo. lb (ii.'fi 1 iiilt a stffim saw mill in 
tbe M)ntli-west ptirt of town in 18(12. Wm. Cheney and 
]). Bates assistii g in the work. The first bii'th in the 
town was a cbild born to ^Ii-. and Mrs. ("has. Room in 
tbe spring of 1857, aiid tbe second wsis Mr. and Mrs. 
Ileniy Wood's <l}irghter. Stella, now ]\Iis. Pvinan W. 
White, of Woodbine, Iowa, bom December "ll, 1858. 



58 Warner's history of dakota county. 

The first deaths were JMrs. Charles Reom and her child 
and L, G. Packard. 

Bates House. — The 'd>ooin" had struck Dakota 
City and the town was full of life and activity. A large 
three-story l)otel was erected, with a two-story wing, 
in 1858, at a cost of ^16,000, and called the Bates 
House, with E. F. Mason as proprietor. The structure 
was built by the "Town Compai-y.'" At times tliis 
imuiense bnildiiig was crowded to its utmost capacity 
with boarders, but it was doonied to decay. After the 
close of the war things were not as active hei-e as they 
had bean and the large hotel was no longer needed, which 
was abandoned and toi'n down in 1879, and sold as old 
lumber. It stood on the corner of Bruadway and 
thirteenth streets. 

CnuRcuKs.-^The first denomination to hold divine 
woi'ship in Dakota C^ity was tlie Presbyterians, with 
Rev. Thomas Chestnut of Sioux City, Iowa, as minister, 
who conducted the first services ever held tiiere in the 
spring cf 1857, in a snndl log hou:>e that stood on 
Broadway, opposite the Chihuahua IJonse. John j\;ilf- 
ziger and wife, F. A. Robinson and wife^ and about a 
dozen others attended this meeting. Other Pi-esbyter- 
ian ministers have since held sei'vices in the town l)nt no 
edifice of their ow;i was ever built. In 1881 Rev. II. 
Wilson was a resident n.inister, who in October of that 
year took charge of a new educational institution at 
0;d<dale, Nebraska, since which time they \\n\e had no 
ministei'. 

The Methodists next orgarized here, in June. 
1857, and their ministers from the earliest times down 
to the present were: Revs. Doi'sey. AVm. M. Smith. Y. 
B. Turmann, Munhall, Amsbiirv, Reed, S. P. Yandooz- 
er. J. II. DeLaMatyi-, JohnS.'On-, Gearheai-t, J. M. 
Richards, Joel A. Sinitli, 1). Maiipiette, W. 11. Carter, 
Wm. II. VVorley, II. W. C.>i,Uy, ,] . W.Jennings, D. 
AV. McGregor and 11. C. Myers^ In 1878 the present 
brick Methodist church was built at a cost of ^4,000. 



DAKOTA CITY. 61 

Rev. II. W. Kuhns, a inissioiiai-y sent to Nebraska 
Teri'itt^ry, preached the fir^t Lutheran sermon at Dako- 
ta City in the front room of the Rates House, in No- 
vember, 1858, and on the 22nd day of July, 1859 he 
(organized a church society there. The foHowiuiij names 
were given in for membership and were the founders of 
the church :it tliat place: John B. Ziegler, Caroline 
Ziegler. Charles F. Eckhart, Elizal)etli Eckhart, Conrad 
Arnibreclit, Melosine Armbrecht and Augustus Ilaase. 
Tiie members at once began preparations for a liou'e of 
wor>iiip. A store building was purcliased in tlie aban- 
doned town of Pacific City, but it v.-as burned by praii-ie 
tire while being moved to Dakota City. In tlie spring 
and summer of 1860, tlie present Lutheran cliurch was 
erected by Augustus Haase at a cost of t^2,000. This 
was the tirst Lutheran church in the town, county and 
state, and it to-day the oldest church edifice, ofany de- 
nomination, now standing in Nebraska, Inconsequence 
of the above facts a lai-ge photograph of this church 
was sent to the World's Fail*, at Chicago in 1893. 
Their ministers have been H. W. Kuhns (1858), Sam- 
uel Augliey, J. F. Kuhlman, J. Zimmerman, J. C. 
Brodfuh"rer,'j. P. Schnure, W. C. iVicCool, C. Baird, D 
Sprecher and II. J. Ilapeman. The . territorial court 
was held in this church for many years. 

The Episcopalians also have a church society here, 
but no edifice or resident iniiuster. 

Court House. --For more than fifteen years the 
county records were scattered around in log cabins and 
rented houses. January 2, 186U, the county commis- 
sioners ordered that steps be taken for the Iniilding of 
a, C(Mirt house and jail, but the project failed for the 
want of sufficient funds. A special county election was 
held June 18, 1870, to vote on a proposition to bond 
the county for the erection of a !i^l5, 000 court house, 
$5,000 to be paid by Dakota City, at wliich time there 
were 170 votes for and 165 against bonds. Commis- 
sioners ordered bonds issued September 15, 1870, 



r)2 WAKNER's history of DAKOTA COUNTY. 

Contract let to A. H. Baker and A.. T. Haase. October 
8, 1870, for the construction of said court house, bi'ick 
to be manufactured and furnished by Geo. T. Woods. 
October 25, 1871, court house was completed and 
turned over to the sheriff of said county. 

Post Office. — The postmasters at Dakota City 
have been James W. Virtue, C. F. Eckiiart, Barnal)as 
Bates, Helen Bates, M. O. Ayres, Henry Herweg, D. 
C.Stinson and Mell A. Schmied. This is a postal note ;in<l 
money order ofKce. The post office was first kept in 
the Chihuahua House, then moved to a building oppo- 
site the Bates House on Broadway, then to a house east 
of the old Griffey residence, from here it was taken to 
C. F. Eckiiart's store, then to Bates House, to Col. B. 
Bates' residence on Walnut street, to M. O. Ayres* 
stores on Broadway, to Stinson & Herweg's stoi-e on 
corner of Broadway and Fifteenth street, tiien to its 
present location on corner of Broadway and Fourteenth 
street. 

Schools. — The present tvvo-storv brick school house 
M-as erected in 1866 at a cost of $4,500 and the frame 
building neai- it, which was used as a high school was 
built in 1874. Prior to this time, in 1857, the first 
school was taught by Mrs L. C. Packard in the old log- 
court house oti tiie corner of Broadway and Nineteenth 
street. In 1892 bonds of $4,000 were voted and in the 
fail of that year an elegant frame two stoiy building 
was completed. 

Societies, — Among tlie tirst societies of Dakota 
City was the Sons of Malta, of which Col. 13. Bates 
was the principal factor, and he relates many amusing 
incidents of the doings of that organization. See bio- 
graphical sketch of his life elsewhere in this book. 

Omndi lodge J\o. 5, A. F. & A. M., was chartered 
June 2, 1858, with eight members, the piincipal officers 
being: Maldon G. Wilkinson. W. M.; E. G. Lampson, 
S. W.: A. W. Puett, J. W. The lodi>e was moved from 
Omadi to Dakota (^ily in 1862. Vv'hich is located in the 



DAKOTA CITY. 63 

upper story of the briclc school house. 

The Dakota City Literary Society, was organized 
November 30, 1867. J. F Warner was chosen as pres- 
ident and 11. II. Brown secretai-j. Among its first 
members were: Mrs. Lizzie Aughey, Wm. II. James, 
Thos. Griffey. C. D. ]\[arrin, S. P. Mikesell. P>. Bates, 
Mrs. IL M . Bates, J. G. Oguen, JMrs. E. J. O-den, J. 
A. Mikesdl. IL II. Buekwalter. M. M. Pean^, A. G. 
Lnnipson, Helen E. Bates, Rev. Samuel Anghey, Mrs. 
A. J. Bradbrary, Mary Ream, J(.lin Oesterling, 11. IL 
Brown, J. F. Wnrner. Lucy Martin, Chas. S. Ford, C. 
Caivin Martin, IL IL Wilson. Henry Ream, Wm. 
Adair, C. F. Eckhart. Jarne* Willis, Kellcy W. Frazer, 
Mi-s. llettie L. Frazer, D. W. Dodson, Mrs. Mary E. 
Dodson, Jacob B. Wertz, B. F. Chambers, Amelia 
Oesterling, Mary E.George. Mrs. A.J. Willis, Emma 
Whitehorn, Ella JNeveile, Emma Willis, Ellen Mc- 
Cready, Ella Keel, Anna J). Wertz, Nellie Warner, Dr. 
M. P'inkerron, John B. Barker, W. W. Grant, Mary 
Evans. E. D. Ayies, Manly Wiij^ht, James Stott, Thom- 
as J. Skidmore, <':iiarles F. Hay ha, B. F. VVJiitten, A. P. 
Wilgoski, Alice Warner, Horatio Bi-aunt, B. Brown, 
Gus A. Frazer, Cyi'us WHy, Etfa Mershon, Leander R. 
Eckhart, Hem V A. Bai'taiff, Ida James, John Davis, 
Sm rah Goodhue, Wm. Willis, C. T. Seeley, Ida Woods, 
W. IL (-Jolty, Lizzv Adair. Anna E Frazer, A. 11. 
Baker, G. W. W^ilkinson, Fannie Ream, Inella Ilirsch, 
Dora Baker, 1), F. Urmy, Ida Eckhart, and Geo. W. 
Obeilu-ltzer. 

Ihe Dakota City I. O O. F. lodge. No. 48, held 
its Hrst meeting in the town AunUfto, 1874. and elected 
the f(.ll..wing otlicei-s: d.P. Eckhart. N. G; doliu 
INlitcliell, V. G.: James Stott, t^ccietary; Lnther Ilai- 
<leii. tr(>asni'ei". The s<iciety owns the second st(n-y of 
the brick Imilding on tlie north-west corner of Bioad- 
way and fourtet nth streets. 

Kelly W. Frazer was president of the first temj)ei-- 
jiiice meetino- ever oriianized in the county, in the 



64 wakmek'.- Hi>roiiv ok daku'ja county. 

Dakota City Lutheran cliui-ch, Jaiiuary 7, 1871, wliich 
lias since merged into the Red Kibbon, Good Tenjplai> 
and other societies. 

The CI. A. R. Crittenden Post, No. 170, was or- 
ganized in 18S3, and was re-organized h\ter and 
called McBeath Post, in honor of AV. C. McBeath. 
The charter was surrendered in 1892. 

The Dakota County Teachers' association was or- 
ganized November 28, 1875, at the high school build- 
ing in Dakota City, with Jolin T. ISpencer cluxirman 
and Rev. J. Zimmerman secretary. Prior to this, how- 
ever, on Septeml)er 5, 1870, the Teacliers' Institute of 
Dakota County whs organized at the same place. 

The Dakota County Bible society was organized 
April 28, 1869, by Rev. Wm. McCandish, General 
A gent for the Amei-ican Bible society of JS'ew York. 
The following w(!re its first officei's: Rev. Sau)uel 
Aughey, president; P. Mikesell, vice president; Mrs. 
JohnG. Ogden, corresponding secretai-y; John P. Bayha^ 
txeasiirer. This society is not a thing of the past but 
still lives. 

The Dakota City Improvement company com- 
menced business on the 25th day of October, 1880; its 
principal agitatoi's lieing Isaac Powers, ji- . G. W Wil- 
kinson, George T. AVonds, C. P. lleatli, Wm. Adair, T. 
L. Gritfev, Sumner Whittier, A. IJ. Bakei-, A. '\\ Ilanse, 
D. C. I)ibb-!e, John R. Sprague, Pius Netf, J. O. i-ish- 
er, H. W. W..U,! nud J.^seph' il.»llmaii. The ..bj^ct of 
the association was to ;!d\-ancH tlie material interests of 
Dakota City. After doing considerable busine>s tiie 
company was dissolved. 

Crystal Degree hod-e ^'o. 53, Danj^hters of Pve- 
bekah, was chartered September 29, 1891^ and the fol- 
lowinu' were the first olKce'-s elected; Mrs. Pelia Bry- 
ant, N. D.; Mrs, Elia Ibyant, V. G : M r>. Kn'ie 
Kordyke, sccivtaiy ; Mrs. Klizal>etli Scliriever, ti-eas- 
ui-er. 

Dakota Chapter Order <d' the Eastern Star was in- 



DAKOTA CITY, 



65 



stitiited by Mrs. Ada S. Billings, state organizer, on 
October 19, 1892, with the following as principal offi- 
cers: Mrs. Martha F. Adair, W. M.; R. E. Evans, W. 
P.; Mrs. Martha J. Combs, A. i>l.; ]\[ollie Baker, secre- 
tary; Mi'S. Anna M, Evans, treasnrer. 

Land Offick. — The land office was established in 
Dakota City in March, 1857, and closed at 4 o'clock p. 
m., August 31, 1875. when it was moved to Niobrara 
It aoain closed at that place July 1, 1888 and moved 
to O'Neil, where it was opened July 16 and still remains 
there. Tlie f(>llo\ving have been its officers and the 
year in which they wej-e appoinied: 



RECEIVERS 



J. C. Turk 


1857 


|J. ^'. 11 Patrick.. 


1857 


Geo. H. Graft.... 


18-59 


|Aifred H. Jackson. 


1859 


Alex. McCreadv. .. 


1863 


Kloris Van Ren th . . 


1862 


Clias. D. Martin. . 


1864 


Win. 11. James. . . 


18B4 


James Stott 


1869 


G. W. Wilkinson. 


1870 


JN. 8. Lovejoy • • • • 


1880 


B. F. Chambers.. 


1876 


Yac Kandsi 


188-J 


M. W. Bruce 


1884 


San ford Pni'ker. , . . 


!883 


Frank Welna 


1887 


A. B. Cbarde 


1887 


■fohn R. Markley. . 


1887 


A. L. Towie 


1890 


P». S. Gillespie.... 


IS 89 






W. I). Matthews. . 


) 893 



PRESS OF DAKOTA CITY, 



This was tlK? first yiaper ever established 



in the 
town, and the sec<*nd in the county. The first issue 
was jiublislud July 15. 1857, by Joseph B. Sti-ickland, 
and edited by luiliei't A. llow.-ird. From this issue is 
<(ju()ti'(l the following exci-aet in descril>ing the 1th of 



66 Warner's history of oakota county. 

July celebration at Logan: 

"A meeting was held in a largo unoccupied room fitted up for the oc- 
casion. Upon motion of Dr. M. Siiville, of Logan. Gen. Jos. Ilollman w,i» 
called to the chair. He made a few pertinent reuiarks, stating the object of th» 
meeting and the propriety of the peoplethus uniting together, liiying asideall 
jealousies to rejoice in a common privilege. He concluded by introducing to 
thciuulienco Mr. J. F Warner, of Logan, who re:id in an eloquent manner the 
Dec'iiration of Independence. The orator of the day, W. G. Crawford, Esq., 
of Dakota City, w:is then pie.-entcdby the president." 

The advertisei's in the same issue were: II. D. 
Johnson, stage line between Dakota City and Oinaha; 
Jolm JS'att'ziger, general store, corner of Broadway and 
13th streets; Charles Ileoiii, joiner and carpenter; Geo. 
A. Hinsdale, land agent; U. A. Howard, attorney: 
Holhnan iSc Crawford, attornevs; J. I). M. C]t)ckwell, 
pi-oprietor of Chihnahna House; Dr. Al. iSaville. physi- 
cian at Logan. 

One column is devoted to the proceedings of a 
Democratic Mass Convention, of which Win. H. James 
was president, held at St. Johns on tlie 11th of July. 
1857. A committee consisting of Hfirlon 13aird,(if the 
Bluffs, Daniel D.iggau,(.f Elk Creek, Haughey, «.f Cv- 
ington. Gen. Ilollman, of Dakota City, Jose[)h Bran- 
nan, of St. Johns, D. T. J^ramble. of At>way Creek. 
Dr. M. Saville. of Login, Junies t'arrell, of l^'ranklin 
City, and C. llowai'd, of l-'aeiHc City, was appoinred to 
nominate couutv ofhcers hut after further consideration 
the convention adjoui'iied to meet at the same place on 
the 18th of July. 

The Herald w=is afterwards sold to Diley .^ Foley 
ami published Jibmir one vear, when it was disfoiirjn- 
ued. It was again revived in March. ISoU. by Daniel 
McLaughlin and apj>eaf.s to have been discontiniieil tor 
a while wIicm that gentleman re>nmed its pnblieation 
March 80, 18()1, un<ler the name of the 



ai.d fi-om the issue of that datei.- taken the tbllowing: 

'•On WediHS.hiv moniilig hi-l,.;U;iu early lioiir,tlie pottdry "t /.icgl.i& 



DAKOTA CITY. 67 

Eckhart, of this plaee, was found in allies. 

Marriki). — In Sioux City, Iowa, on thelSth insi., by Kev. Mi-. Hoy(, 
Mr. .Tauies E. B..oge to Miss Anna M. Ilubbell, all of that place." 

The issue of April Gtli, 1861, contains the follow- 
ing nijin-iage notices; 

"On Monday, the Ist inst., by Rev. Father Dillon, at St. Johns, Mr. 
Thomas Asbfordto ^Margaret Duggan, all of this county. 

OnTliuisday, the 4th in-t., 'iy Kev. Mr. Brown, Mr. AVilliam Bouton, 
of this county to Mi-s Rose Bates, of Woodbury, Iowa." 

Ill the same issue are the following items: 

"The frame work on tlie new pottery was reaiy to erect on Wedne?d.ay 
morninrr. 

Di-. (ieo. B. (iraffliad the huinanity to pres«;nt tiiis ofBee with a jug of 
old .Tamaic:i rum this wG4ik. May the Dr. live a thousand years and the 
Deuiociat liieto chronicle his di-ir.ise. 

Edw.inl Mor:in. Esq., of St. Johns left here on Friday last for 
Denver City with a load of butler, eggs and laiil- 

On Tuesday night Harlon Baird, Esq., phiced four trnps on the edge of 
the lake ;m'l on the fulluwin,' iiioining found jceuiely f.istened in them three 
large beavers and one uiink." 

A.-bury Gritiiii I)>;Uglit the democrat and 
chanu't'd its name to the 

VKB'i kSKA NORTH, 

the fir-t issue making its appfaraiice July 81, 18G2, 
iVuui which is copied the following: 

"iJuriiig the iiroMiit eonfl ict f(U- the jircsen ation of the Government, 
we will !.<> io(lc])eiiilcMit as m o;nt> issues, for this is jiot the tiiae for jiatriots 
to wpiuigh' ab Mit p.rty, wliile ('oM^t:lullollMl Lib<,-rty is being assailed by 
triiito:-.-. Let us liirlit 'uniil the hi>t ariii^d foe expires.' and when peace 
^iUci' lucre n suups her away an.l fhp country ein€rg-es from the vortex of war, 
piiiiicscan tiien enter the ar«na and pour lorth tlu-ir wrii;tl! in floods of spleen. 

Our poilery is tio.v in lull blast, A large shipuieait of slooewaie was 
auiideon tiled uimardtrip ol iheFloience, 

Eliuililc lots in tn.\ II Mieiapidy li.-iiiiin value. 

Our iej;i-tei. Mr. \»\] Heiith, has titted up a iieatofficc on the corner of 
Bro:i(lu:iy Mild Hill >triet-." 

Ill the issue of Aucriist 7tli, 1802, appeal's the foi- 

Jowilio; 

•'Miiisiiies ai-e being taken tohnilda very ncatbriek school house with- 
5n our ton n limits. 

AullMHiy J. Myei-smaKes a, . o(,d inliel.. of lime. 

J.t apjMuis .that CaiiadiaJi Cub «l..eat is the best adajitid to thcNoiJ 



()» WARNERS HISTORV OK DAKOTA CODNTY. 

iiboiit Covington. Wm. Leiich lins just liarresterl thirty liusbols to tlie 
ncre. 

Chns, Goodfellow. of i^t. Jolin'.<, has, we learn, the best crop oi' Rio 
ijrnnde wheat in his vicinity. It will average a little over tliirty bushles 
to the acre." 

Among tlie advei'tisei'S in tin's issue arc: Henry 
Reaui, proprietor of the Eates House; C. F. Eckhnrr, 
dry goods and gi'ocei-y store; Willirims & Very, })roprie- 
tors of new i'ei'i'y bttween Dnkotti City and 
Sergeant's Blnfts; J. B. Zieglei-, proprietor of 
Dakota City pottery; John Tafie, T. L Griffey and A. 
II. Jackson, attoineys fit law; J. W. Virtue, cashier 
Bank of Dakota; John lUigy. proprietor Ilngy Plouse, 
Sioux City, Iowa; H. A. Fuller, pi'oprietor Wauregan 
House, Sioux City, Iowa; L. D. Parmer, di-y goods, etc., 
Sioux City, Iowa. 

The iSehraska jS'orth was fifterwfirds sold to A. H. 
Jackson, who sigain chiinged ils luinie to 

TIIK NOliTII NF.BRASKAN 

which pHper expired a few montlis later. 

Dakota City was ihen without a newspaper until 
July 21J, 1870, when the 

DAKOTA f'lTV MAIL 

was esta])lished, located in the I'i'oyhillliouse on Broad- 
way, ojiposite the court house, with F. JNI. MacDonaiih 
and r. F. C'SuUivan as editors. 

In its first issue apj)eai' the following items: 

"Tbo brick fo.- the new ouur>iy court house is being riipiilly IiiiiiIimI on 
tlie grouml by th'; contrarlor, Mr. Woo'l.-. The brick was biii-ot'il by. Mr. 
Woiids ill bis Kihi, in this city, niid is of a tir-t c'a.-s quality — equal to any in 
this s<<!lion ol'tbo countiy and cxocllcd by n^ne. 

Ue|.oits from a)l parts of Di.\ m. Ce bir, L'eim Qui Court and i.thcr 
coui.ties in the vicinity r)f DaKotn, s|iijik well of ihc rapidity with which they 
are settling n\> with stauncdi, h:ird.v, indu^trious eniigrants." 

At the top of one column is found these liead- 
liues: 

"CIIIMI-: AND ITS RXPIATTOX. 

MAT MILLEn EXErUTEn AT rOXCA I'OH 1 U K Br>UTAI, MVltDER OF W. C. DIINN."' 



DAKOTA CITY. 61> 

C. F. BH3'ha took charge of the Mail October 27, 
1871, and the paper was again sold to John T. Spencer, 
October 9, 1874, who employed Will S, Jay as assistant 
(MJitor December 15, 1870 to i\ iignst 17, ' 1877. The 
Dakota City Mail was suspended September 28, 1877 
and revived in Covington, Deceml)er 21st of the sanu; 
year niider the name of the Mail, and its publication 
was forever discontinued March 1," 1S7S, the good will 
and subscription list being purchased by Hart & Martin, 
who consolidated it with The Kagle, of Dakota City. 
John T. Spencer on retiring from the journalistic 
field said in his valedictory; 

"Iloiiiiig iill uiav liavc a siifCf.<.-fui journey throusrli life, we now lay 
a>iile our iMjitori;il innntle; how soon we iiuiy put it on iigain, it'e/er, we can- 
not s:iy, tlie future abne will fleteiinine." 

THE NORTH NEBRASKA KAGLE 

began its publication at Dakot>^ City, May 24, 1870, 
with Atlee Uart and Will S. .lay as editors, and the 
following appealed in its salutatory: 

'•rolitically, while ie<i-i v in:- the ri:;lit to txpiess indepenilcnt opinions 
up<in the po'icy ot :iny a<^lnini^l iiitiiin, or upon tlic course of any ]iaity or 
its leiuler.-, Tiie E igle will be devote i to a disL-riiijinating sujport of the Dern- 

OiiOctober 4, 1870, Will S. Jay sold his interest 
ill the paperto Dr. E. J. Del'ell; DeBell selling to C. 

J). Martin October 80, 1877. Col. Martiti commenced 
the publication of a lomantic continued story August 
24tii of that year, entitled. '-The Conflict — Love or 
Money/' The Kagle was enlarged to an eight-column 
folio papi-r Maivh 8, 187S. March 18th of the same 
year Alcs>rs. Hart cV' Martin l.onght the Mail, which 
was coii^olidnted with The Kagle.^ CD. Martin sold 
his interest t<. (^eo. T. Woods May 2, 1871), who, after 
one is^ne^ol.l to Will S. Jay. j'ldy 15, 1881, Jay sold 
his half to Hart, who l)ecaM:e sole owner of the paper. 
On May 20, ISSO. I'beKaule was enlarged to a six- 
colninii"<piarto. On tiic 7tli day of A])ril, 1882, John 
T. Sj)^jncer houo-ht one-half interest in The Kagie and 
sold t<» (ieo. Herb, January 1, 1884, who sold hnclc to 



I I) WARNEKo HISTORY OFDAKOIA COVSVY. 

Hart May 15, 1884, tliis date being the commeiice- 
nient of the ninth voliinie. On March 26, 1885. The 
Eagle assumed an entire change in typographical ap- 
pearance, putting on an entii'e new dress and on March 
24, 1887, another improvement was made hy tlie pi'o- 
prietoi'S putting in a new power cyh'nder press, the 
only one in tiie county. Aiell A. Sclimied Ixnight 
one-half interest in The Eagle January 1, 1889, and 
tiie papei- is now owned hy IJart & Schmied, the senioi- 
editor remaining with the institution since its establish- 
ment. May 15, 181lO, it was again, enlarged to a seven- 
column quai'to, which makes it one oftlie lai'gest coun- 
tiy weekly newspapers puhlisiied in Kebraska. 

THE NORTH NEBRASKA ARGUS. 

was the next paper established at Dakota Citv. May 7, 
1880, by C. D. Martin and J. 11 Goslu.rn, t'he bitter 
selling his intei'est to the fti!»nei- in September follow- 
ing. January 1, 1887, Will C. Dibble bought one-half 
interest in the Argus, selling back to Martin January 
1,1888. The p:iper was sold to Eugene P.. AVilbur 
September 28. 1888. who, in his salutatory says: 

"Wliile flie Ar;;Hs will Ciiirncstly uijvoeite Hie pnnBi|iler! of deinocrncy, 
its publisher will devnte es^iieuiiil jxiins ti> inikinsr it a hoine newsDnpi'v.'' 

Ilarrv A. McCormick leased the p-aper fi-om May 3, 
1889, until January. 1891 when its MWJier took chai-ge 
otthe paper, and moved it to South Sioux City, Novem- 
ber 9, 1891. 

In December, 1889, Will S. Jay moved some 
nniterinl to this place from South Sioux City and started 

TJUC SViN, 

but aftei- a few short weeks it sticeuujbei) to the inevit- 
able. 

Dakota City in 189:}. — Population seven hundred. 
Two genend store s conducted by W. P. KMtbburn & 
(Jo, and D. C. Stiiisnii; one irroci 'ry stcre.E. A. P(^l»in- 
pon [)ropi'i('tor; two diiio stores, |{. J. Ravmoiid and D. 
C Stinson; one hardware store, Fred Schrinver Oc C(!V. ; 



DAKOTA CITY. 71 

one bank, M. O. Ayres; two hotels, William Foltz and 
Mrs. W. I. Broyhill; two agricultural implement 
stores. George Barnett and M. M. Ream; one tm shop, 
Frank Ayres; one meat market, Woodward & Smith; 
one i-estaii rant, James Willis; one barber shop, C. E. 
Doolittle; two shoemakers, Peder Hammer and Henry 
Niebnhr; surveyor, Alex Abell; one livery barn, J. E. 
Easton; one blacksmith shop, William Plammett; two 
physicians, C. H. Maxwell and D. C. Stinson; one bill- 
iard hall, William Foltz; three contractors, August T. 
JLiase, Julius Messeidioeler and William Foltz; five 
carpenters, Howard Crozier, Daniel Hager, Edward 
Phillips, George and Henry Niebuhr; live stock and 
grain, E. H. Gribble and J. W. Fern, confectionery, 
Smith and Woodward; Dakota City feed mill, Atlee 
Hart; one I'.ewspaper, Eagle, with Hart & Schmied as 
publishers; dressmaking. Misses Mamie ^dair and 
Lettie Hammond; two draymen, William Bennett and 
Charles Phillips; three masons, A. H. Baker, B. Bates 
and O. C. Crone; windmills, and drive wells, M. M. 
Ream; monuments, Henry Niebuhr; sewnng machine 
agent, Mrs. Mary R. McBeath; four music teachers, 
Carl Schriever, Nina M. Ream, Mell A. Schmied and 
D, W. Griffey; lumber and coal, Edwards & Bradford 
Lniuher Co.; ocean steamer agency, Mell A. Schmied; 
n^.anufacturer of patent corn planters, Adam Wenzel; 
real estate and live stock, Atlee Hart; insurance, J. N. 
Hamilton; three school teachers, J. S. Buckley, — prin- 
cipal. Miss Ethel Durgen and Mrs. Annie E. Frazer; 
two ministers, Revs. H, J. Ha]jfeman and H. C. Myers; 
seven lawyers, Mell C. Jay and Mell C. Beck of the firm 
of Jay& Beck, John T. Spencer, Kelly W. Frazer, W. 
P. Warner, J. J. McAllister and John E. Kavanaugh; 
abstractors, Dakota County Abstract Co. 

COVINGTON, 



Thi'^ town is situated on the Missouri river, five 
I lies due north of Dakota City and opposite Sioux 



72 Warner's history of Dakota countv. 

City, Iowa. It was first taken as a town site in 1856, 
by tiie old Sioux City Company, of wliicli Dr. John K. 
Cook was president, and was called Harney City, after 
Gen. Harney, wdio at that time had charge of troops in 
this vicinity. The town site M'as jumped by a com- 
pany, consisting of Thomas L. Gritt'ey, James Kelehan, 
John Feenan, J. M. White, W. W. Culver, William 
Kapp, Jacob Ludvvig, Gustave Pecaut and John T. 
Copelan, and the name was changed to Newport, plotted 
January 19, 1857, located in sections 21 and 16, town- 
ship 29, range 9, east. But before it was filed fov 
record February -1, 1857, thy name was airain chano;ed 
to Covington, and was incorporated by the county com- 
missioners April 5. 1858, who appointed Thomas L. 
Grififey, Gust-i.ve Pecaut, James Ploy, Jacob Ludvvig, 
and William Kapp as its first trustees, and at the first 
town election, May 3rd of the same year, all the above 
named trustees were elected except James Hoy, John 
Feenan taking his place. On the 1st of September. 
1858, the county commissioners incorporated South 
Covington, with the following limits: North-east 
quarter of the north-west quarter and the north-west 
quarter of the north-east quarter of section 21, town- 
siiip 29, range 9, east, and appointed trustees, and at 
its first election, April 5, 1859, trustees were again 
chosen as follows: Tliomas L. Grifiey, Wm. Schmied, 
Gustave Pecaut, William Cobb, and James McKenna. 
The entire town was incorporated under tlie name of 
Covington, April 5, 1870, and Thomas Carter, William 
Bingham, Gustave Pecaut, C. P. Heath arid D. B. Dod ■ 
son were appointed trustees. 

Early SKTTLEME>fT. — Gustave Pecaut was the first 
settler in Covington, who built a log cabin there in 
1854, which is 'said to have been the earliest in that 
vicinity. 

During the winter of '55 and '56, Horace Dntton 
and others wintered here and hauled wood to Sioux 
City. 



COVINGTON. 73 

Anion^ tlie settlers of '55 to '50 were G. Pecaiit. 
Tlioinas L. Grilfej, J. Ludwig, James Kelehan, G. Ilat- 
tenbacii, Wm. Eapp, W. W. Culver, J. M. White, J. 
T. Copelai), John Feenan, James Farrell, D. Canghlin, 
Andrew Johns, J.Gillett, Charley Higgins, diaries 
Collins, R. Wilbur, George Griffey, Enos Whinnery. 
Henry Chaptnan, Thomas McConehey, William Cope- 
Ian, J. Brown, J. Pearson, John Yeoman, J. McCarty, 
William Smith, William Leach, William Brown, 
James Seaton, William Senton, A. Baker, H. August, 
John Stranney and James McKenna; and in the vicin- 
ity of Covington resided James Stott, C. D. Martin, J. 
Fitzpatrick, R. R. Kirkpatrick, D. JV. Finkerton, 
Eugene L. Wilbur and William Frazier. 

In 1S5() William Rapp opened up tlie first hotel, 
the '-Rapp Tavern,'' and John Virden brought a saw 
mill from Sioux City in Jnly, In November of the 
same year C. D. Martin started a shingle mill on his 
pre-emption south-west of Covington. John Feenan 
operated tlie tirt^t ferry boat and in the fall of 1858 R. 
R. Kirkpatrick built a steam mill for grinding 
corn. The first child born in the town was John 
Qiiinn, in 1857; first marriage, John Feenan to Mar- 
garet Boyle; and Hv^t death was of an old man found 
dead near the river. The first school was taught in 
1857 by Mary Finkerton, in a little old log school 
honse situated near the site of the present school build- 
ing, which is still standing, although previous to this 
time Mrs. Charles Kent had tanglit school in Pacific 
City. 

Relioion. — The first sermon ever delivered in Cov- 
ington was by Rev. Thomas M. Chestnut, a Presbyter- 
ian clergyman of Sioux City, who preached here each 
alternate Sunday in the old school house which is yet 
standing north of the present school building. Rev. C. 
D. Martin also expounded Presbyterian doctrines to the 
early settlers. 

The tii'st and only ehiirch edifice erected in the 



(4 WAKKEK S HISTORY OK DAKOTA COLKTY. 

town was built in 1871. Rev. S. P. Voiidoozer being- the 
first minister to occupy its pulpit, althougli Rev. Dor- 
sej and others had previously conducted services in the 
school house. 

History of the Fekry'.- — In 1855 John Fennan 
launched a rude looking flat boat upon the Missouri 
river and carried passengers between Sioux City and 
Covington, This was the first ferry of any kind to ply 
l)etween these points. lie took Harry lluddleson in 
as a partner in 185(3. In 1857 '(Charles Howard and 
L. Rol)inson began operating the steamer "Robert 
Burns" as a ferry and continued to run ihe boat until 
1864, when it sunk in the Missouri river. Chai-les 
Howard and E. L. Wilbur then run a flat boat until 
April 22, 1866, when James A. Sawyers and William 
Leach were granted a charter for six years. William 
Leach conducted the flat boat two years and Sawyers 
then managed the ferry himself, until April 10, 1873, 
when the fianchise was granted to C. E. Hedges and 
James A. Sawyers for a pei'iod of six yeai's. The steatn- 
er ''Undine," was then brought into service and there is 
not an old settler in Dakota county who does not re- 
member the "Undine" and especially the ^2.00 a ti-ip 
he had to pay to cross the I'iver on her. April 1, 1879, 
Grant Marsh & Torinus were granted the ferry fran- 
chise for ten years from date. They beg^an running 
the "Andrew S. Bennett," with. C-. Larson as captain. 
The next change in boats was April 17. 1878, when the 
"Dr. Burleigh" steamed across the river to Covington. 
On the 23rd of July 18S8, the county commissioners 
granted the franchise to Ebenezer Ayres and Wm. Lu- 
ther until April 1, 1891. The "Andrew S. Bennett" 
with Wm. Luther as Captain, continued to be used as 
means of transportation. The "Mary E. Bennett^' 
was used as a passenger ferry and pleasui'e boat in 1888. 
In 1892 the franchise having been granted to Selzer 
Bi'os., of Sioux City, Iowa, for a period of ten years, the 
Sioux City & Covington Fei'ry Company was organ- 



COVINGTON. 75 

ized, composed of Nick Malier, Jolm N. Peysen, James 
P. Twohi^ and Selzer Bros., who brought the ''Yhit 
Stillings" up from St. Louis and operated it for several 
weeks, but it soon ceased to be a paying investment and 
the boat was tied up. 

In 1889 John M. Moan and others built a pontoon 
bridge across the river, which was opened for travel 
with a great celebration May 18th of that year. Six 
hundred teams crossed the bridge and ten thousand 
people witnessed the ceremonies. It cost about |20,000. 
Capt. "Wm. Luther liad charge of the bridge until 1892 
when the structure was sold to the Pontoon bridge 
company with Capt. Dick Talbot as manager, un- 
der whose supervision it now is. The rates for cross- 
ing are: Team and driver, with members of family, 
each way, 25 cents: foot passengers, each way, 5 cents. 

In 1890 thegeneral government was asked tu Dro- 
tect the river bank at this place, but no action being 
taken in the matter, the Pacific Short line Bridge Com- 
pany undertook the work as a protection to its pro- 
posed new combination wagon and railroad bridge, from 
Prospect Hill un the Iowa side of the river to Coving- 
ton on the Nebraska side. This protection to the banks 
was made of willow matresses, interwoven with steel 
wire and fastened to iron plates which were forced into 
the bank ten feet. At present extensive preparations 
are being made by the railroad companies to protect 
the banks from the Short Line Bridge down to the 
bridge of the Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis aiid Omaha 
road. 

Thousands of dollars have been expended to protect 
the Iowa shore along the town site of Sioux City, until 
to-day the banks are safe from the inroads of the Mis- 
sou I'i river. 

As land inci-eases in value and expensive bridges 
aiid buildings are endangered by the ever shifting cur- 
rent of the Missouri, greater efforts will be put forth 
to protect the shore. 



76 



WARNER S HISTORY OF DAKOTA COUNTY 



The following are tlie dates of freeziiio- and hi'eak- ' 
ing up of ice in the Missouri river at this point since 
the settlement of the county: 



December 24 


1 855 


Marcb 26, 


1856 


December 9 


1856 

1857 

1858 

1859 


March 27, 


1857 


December 23, 


March 8 


1858 


November 2o, 


March 20 


1859 


December 15, 


February 27 


J860 


December 11, 


18BU 


March 13 


1861 


December 11, 


18(31 


March 18.. . 


1862 


November 21, 


1862 


March 1, 


1863 


November 19 . . . 


1863 


February 23, 

February 20, 


1864 


December 10 


1864 


1865 


Decembers 


1865 


February 28 


1866 


December 10 


1866 

1867 


Aoril 2, . . . . 


1867 


December 18 


Febiuary 23, 


1868 


December 9, 


1868 


February 28 

February 15, 


1869 


December 24, 


1869 


1870 


December 21, 


187U 


Febiuary 22 


1871 


November 26 


1871 


February 24, 


1872 


November 28 


1872 


March 3 


1873 


December 3 


... .1873 


March 16 


1874 




1874 

1875 


Maich 26 


1875 


November 22, . . 


April 2 


1876 


November 30, 


1876 


February 16 


1877 


November 29 


1877 


January 19 


1878 


December 18 


1878 

1879 


March 6, 


1879 


December 11, 


Januarv 11, 


1880 


November 19 


1880 

1881 


March 24, 


1881 


December 18 


Februarv 11, 


1882 


December 8 


1882 


March 4 


1883 


December 19, 


1883 


March 15, 


1884 


December 18 


1884 

1885 


Marcli 9, 


1885 


December 7 


March 17 


1886 


December -5 


1886 


March 9 


1887 


November 27,. . . . 


1887 


March 17 

* 


1S88 




1888 

1889 


1889 


Decern bf-r 31 


March 20 


1890 


December 30 


1890 


March 31 


1891 


November 25, 


1891 

1892 


March 5 


.1892 


December 19 


March 11 


1893 



^Did not freeze over during the winter of 1888. 



COVINGTON. i i 

The Press. — The Covington News was the lirst 
newspaper established in thits town by B. L. North- 
rop, in 1870, who sohl one-half interest to Erwin Wood, 
and the following year Wood bought the entire outfit, 
which expii-ed the same year. 

In 1 77, I.. N. Taylor established the Covington 
J(ini-ii;d which did not live to celebrate the anniversary 
of its first birthday, expiring November 10, 1877. 

John T. Spencer conducted the Dakota County 
Mail in Covington from December 21, 1877 to March 
1, 1878, when it was moved lo Dakota City and con- 
solidated with The Ea^le. 

Tlie Covington Courier, a branch of the South Sioux 
City Sun, made its first appearance September 1, 1888. 
It was run in the interest of the liquor element, but 
soDU afterwards ceased publication. After a four weeks 
demise J. L. Donham took hold of it and endeavored to 
do something, but failing in liis efforts the paper was 
forced to ijive up. 

The Clipper, another Covington entei'prise, made 
its first appearance August 10, 188l», with Fred P. 
Herbert at the helm. Four long weary weeks through 
the heat was all that it could endure. 

Post Office. — A post office was established in the 
town in 1857 and its postmasters have been: Charles 
D. Martin, James Ogg, John Cavanaugh, William 
Cobb, John Riley, Henry Powers, J. V. Mellette, C. 
Yordy, Mrs. E. L. Osman, R. L. Grosvenor and John 
A. Williams, the last named holding the office when 
it was discontinued January 1, 1890. 

Covington in 1893. — Owing to the ravage of the 
turbulent Missouri, about one-half of the town site of 
Covington has been wasted away by that stream and 
eacli year shows further marked inroads of the current. 
Upon the passing of the prohibitory law in Iowa 
in 1888, the ''bum" element of Sioux City was driven 
across rhe river and they established themselves in this, 
heietofore quiet burg, and at one time the town con- 



78 Warner's history of Dakota county. 

tained upwards of fifty saloons and nearly as many 
bawdy bouses and gambling dens. 

^t present tbere is in tbe town one large two -story 
scliool house one of the finest in north-eastei'u Nebras- 
ka, costing $10,000, being erected in 1890. F. D. 
Fales is principal, and Miss Fern Stamm primary 
teacher. There are two general stores, Nick Maher and 
C, D. Shreve proprietors; one blacksmith shop, A. L. 
Saltsgiver; one livery barn, B. F. Sawyer; one lawyer, 
John A. Williams; two real estate ofiices. J. H. Burke 
and C. Erwin; two hotels — Hotel McIIenry, William 
York, landlord, and the Cosmopolitan, J.J. Truax, 
landlord; one laundry, WaLee; one butcher-shop, C. D. 
Shreve; eleven saloons, J. R. Judson, Selzer Bros., 
flittle & Weir, Hittle & Cofifell, G. G. Castler, Marshall 
Luthe)-, Mandersheid & Loup, T. A, Provost, Hugh 
McGoffin, W. J. McGofiin and James Sprey. In 1893, 
Covington and South Sioux City were consolidated un- 
der the name of the latter town, and henceforth Cov- 
ington will be known only in the history of the past. 
Its last trustees were: Nick Maher — Chairman, X. J. 
McGofiin, PI. A. McCormick, John A. Williams and 
Marshall Luther. 

JACKSON. 

This town was laid out by Barrett and McOormick, 
and is situated on Elk creek, where that stream emerges 
from the bluff land, nine miles west of Dakota City^ 
and was at first called Franklin, but as there was another 
post office in the state by that name, the county com- 
missioners in session January 2, 1865, incorporated the 
town under the name of Jackson. The petitionei-s were 
Gerald Dillon, John Dillon, James Maloney, Michael 
Kennelly and Thomas Barrett, who were appointed 
trustees. On the 4th of April, 1871, the commissioners 
extended the boundary lines and appointed Gerald Dil- 
lon, Martin Barrett, Michael McCormick, Jason Pass- 
more and Joseph Brannan trustees. 



.lACKSOX. 79 

Thomas Sullivan afterwards laid out an addition 
-Mutli of the C. E. Hedges addition. 

Soon after the founding of Jackson, the residents 
<lcserted old St. Johns and moved to the new town. 

Early Skttlkment. — Gerald Dillon erected the 
iirst fri'.nie house in 1860 and Thomas Barrett and 
Joseph Brannan kept the first two stoi-es, John Mc- 
Ginn huilt the first brick house, Michael Kennelly op- 
erated the first blacksnjith shop, Clark & Preston built 
ji Lyrist mill, Father Dillon delivered the first sermon, a 
.^ehool house was built and Gerald Dillon taught the 
first school— all in 1860. 

1-tKLiGious PROSPERvrv. — The first pastor, Father 
Ti-ecy, spared no pains to promote the happiness of his 
people. His foresight and enterprise gave renewed 
couracre to them to press onward to success. In 1860 
he withdrew from his charge — the founder of this 
settlement and of the others that have sprung from it, 
for mott of the old settlers at Hubbard, Brady's Cross- 
mo; and nil around had their homes first at Jackson or 
jit St. Jolms — and well may he be called the great bene- 
iVictoi'. Several priests succeeded Father Trecy in the 
years that have since elapsed. Among those who are 
now living and will be remembered by many of the old- 
er citizens were Revs. Fatlier Pyan, Father Kelley and 
Father Lawless. 

Up to 1887 the people had a very unassuming 
building for a church. Father Lawless who took charge 
of Jackson and surrounding country in 1887, was en- 
abled by the good will and generosity of the people, to 
build the present fine brick church in 1879 and 1880. 
The building is 36 feet wide by 100 feet long. The 
Cost was between five and six thousand dollars. 

In 1881 a hirge bi'ick p:irsonage was built, which 
owing to defective foundations and poor material be- 
came unsafe and had to be taken down in 1892. In 
the fall of 1891 a priest's house (frame) was commenced 
<on the west side of the church, whicli was linished in 



80 Warner's history ok Dakota, county. 

JMiirch, 1892, at a cost of nearly .183,000. 

Father Lawless left Jackson in the early part of 
March, 1887. Father Lysaght, the present pastor, suc- 
ceeded him. 

Since then many improvements liave been made in 
the church property. In July, 1892, the foundation 
of the new convent building was laid. It is built on 
the site of the old brick parsonage. It is among the 
finest and most iinpusing looking buildings of the kind. 
is a credit to the Jackson people and to the whole coun- 
ty, and will place in our midst an educational institution 
equal in inerit to any of the kind in the state The 
building will be ready for occupancy in (3ctober " 1893, 
costing the sum of ^20,000. It will be a bonrding and 
hIso day school. 

The church trustees are James Ryan and Gerald 
Dillon. 

The St. Patrick's Bet\evolent Society, of Jackson, 
was organized March 17, 1888. The constitution was 
adopted April 15, 1888. This society has among its 
members the best men of the community, old and young; 
men who are industrious, honest, temperate and always 
ready to help every good move made in the parish. 
The organization has done a great amount ot good 
socially and intellectually in the community. A good 
society should be helped on all sides and by all. The 
St. Patrick's society has a fine hall west of the new par- 
sonage on the same property. The liall is fni'nisiied 
with a stage and -has seating accommodation for tlve 
hundred persons. The society has a tife and drum l)and 
and is supplied with beautiful Irish and American 
Hags, badges and such other paraplieriialia as generally 
'belong to societies. 

The Press. — ^Tlie Jackson Herald, the first paper 
printed in the town, was established March 1, 1878 and 
expired in 1879. Geo. P. G(»ldie and Will Dawley 
were the editors. 

The Jackson Reporter is tlu' name of another pap8i% 



.lACKSON. 81 

wliich Win. llnse ik Son, of Ponca, were the fathers. 
It was printed in the office of the Ponca Journal and 
only lived to make a few friends for four brief months 
in the summer of 1879. 

The Jackson Citizen was established May 15,1885, 
and expired about a year later. A Matthews and Wm. 
A. Nead, editors, the type so long used in publishing 
Tlie North Nebraska Eagle being purchased. 

The Criterion was started April 1, 18S5, by James 
P. Twohig and Wm. T. Bartlett. Soon after starting 
Twohig transferred his interest to his partner who has 
ever since conducted it. On the night of April 25, 
1890, the entire outfit was consumed by fire but new 
material was immediately ordered. The editor, Mr. 
Bartlett, was considerably burned in ti-ying to save his 
property. 

Post Office. — Gerald Dillon was Jackson's first 
postmaster. Joseph Brannan was appointed postmaster 
in 1867, and held the office until 1889, when Mr. Dillon 
was again appointed. The present postmaster, D. C. 
Ilelfernon, was a pointed in 1895. 

Schools, — Jackson has one of the finest brick 
school houses in northern Nebraska, it being erected in 
1886 at a cost of $4,000. Prior to that time school was 
conducted in a frame house in the west part of town. 

Jackson in 1893. — Since the establishment of the 
town it has enjoyed a good substantial and steady 
growth, until to-day it is recognized as one of the best, 
if not the best, town in Dakota county. Nearly every 
branch of l)usiness is represented and the merchants are 
all in prosperous condition. The citizens are a unit For 
any cause that will help build up their town and will 
support any measure in a liberal manner 

The Ponca division of the Chicago, St. Paul, Min- 
neapolis & Omaha railway and the Pacific Short Line 
passes through the town and each company has a neatly 
erected depot — one in the west and the other in the east 
part of town. 



82 wakner's history ok Dakota county. 

At present, (1893,) there are four general stores 
with the following proprietors: Frank Davey, D. F. 
Waters, C. D. liyan and W. B. Brannan & Co.; one 
drug store, J. B. Jouvenat; one bank, Bank of Dakota 
Connty, Ed, T. Kearney, cashier; one restaurant and 
confectionery, M. E. Ken nelly; one confectionery, Mrs. 
Annie Sinnott; two meat markets, Michael Heffernon 
and M. E. Kennelly; three blacksmith shops, John C. 
O'^Jeil, T. Kulkins and Finnell & Kennelly; one wagon 
shop, Finnell & Kennelly; one barber shop, MMtZulauf; 
one variety store, H. II. Beals; one school, J. A. Hall 
principal, the school board consisting of Gerald Dillon, 
Michael Boler and C'. D. Ryan; one Catholic cliurch, 
P. A. Lysaght, priest; one newspaper, Jackson Criterion, 
W. T. Bartlett publisher; six carpenters, H. H. Beals, 
T. F. McGrath; J. T. Daley, R A. Clark, J. M. Sever- 
son and Sanford Brown; two physicians, D. D. Barr and 
R. B. Leahey; one painter, H. 11. Beals; tiiree dress- 
makers, Mrs. D. C. Heffernon, Mrs. Patrick Harty and 
Miss Alice K-^nnelly; paper hangers. John Severson 
and O'Brien Bros.; dealers in live stock, Frank Davey, 
C. D. Ryan and J. M. Barry; one hotel. Hotel Sawyer. 
B. F. Sawyer proprietor; Jackson Roller Mills, Bleisnei' 
& Heyl; one undertaker, B, F. Sawyer; one race track.. 
Jackson Race Track Association, Thomas Sullivan, 
president, W. T. Bartlett, secretary; one picnic grpund, 
Barry's Grove; one saloon and billiard hall, Jerry Mc- 
Bride; three grain buyers, Frank Davey. C. D. Ryan 
and J. Q. Adams — with R. S. Renniger as manager for 
the latter; two implement dealers, C. D. Ryan and 
Frank Davey; one livery barn, B. F.Sawyer; one society 
hall, St. Patrick Benevolent Society; one convent; one 
lumber yard, with J. J, Serry as manager; four wooO 
dealers, Frank Davey, C. D. Ryan, Thomas Clark and 
William Renniger; four insurance agents, D. C. Heffer- 
non, J. W. Brannan, Ed. T. Kearney; and W.T. Brtletf ; 
veal estate dealers, Clark & Sullivan; one opera house» 
William Riley, propi'ietor; one post office, i). C, Hetier- 



IIOMEK. 83 

11011, postmaster; two justices of tlie peace, Michael 
Keiinellyand W. T. Bartlett; two notaries public, Ed. T. 
Kearney and Joseph Brannan; one drayman, B. F. Saw- 
yer; two station agents, J. II. Lynch and John Lily; 
town council, Thomas Sullivan chairman, W. T. Bartlett 
clerk, Thomas Clark, William Brannan and Patrick 
Harty; one mason, M. U. Morrissey; general loan agent, 
J. M. Bfiri-y; farm loans, J. W. Brannan. 

HOMER. 

The location on which Homer is built has witnessed 
many interesting scenes and sanguinary conflicts in the 
mighty contest of advancing civilization with the wild 
aborigines and uninhabited prairies of the west.- The 
very ground upon whicli Homer -now stands was in 
1800 the home of hundreds of Omaha Indians. Their 
village which was one of the largest in tlie north-west, 
extended from Homer to the Waterman farm. In this 
year the small pox broke out in the tribe and they 
burned their village and moved south. On the 18th 
day of August ISOi, some of Lewis and Clarke's men 
explored the ruins of the ancient village and crossed 
Omaha ci'eek wliere Homer is now situated. 

Jesse Wigle moved his family to Dakota county 
on the 19th day of August 1855, and on St. Patrick's 
day, 1856, moved to his claim, which included the self 
same ground wliere Honier is built, and erected a house 
at the foot of the bluffs, probably near where C. J. 
O'Connor s residence is built. Here he lived to witness 
the terrible winter of '56-7, which is among the things 
aievei" to be forgotten by the sturdy pioneers of those 
brave old times. 

In the summer of 1855 Chauncy A Ilorr, George 
T. Woods and others planted their claim stakes on the 
3an<) adjoining Homer. 

Oil the 18th day of May, 1856, Thomas Smith iiad 
his dinner cooked on a camp fire just across the creek 
fro'/i Homer, 



84 vvakner'g history of Dakota county. 

October 1, 1871, 'Squire Martin S. Mausiield 
crossed the Omaha creek on a low bridge, where Homer 
was subsequently built, with a load of lumber and his 
tools. When the sun went down on that memorable 
day in the history of Homer he had completed the first 
liouse ever erected in the town, which was occupied be-' 
fore dark by John and Joseph Smith with a stock of 
general merchandise. 

The changing years roll on. Where but a few 
years ago all was wild jungles and high prairie grass 
to-day is reared, magic-like, thriving towns and villages. 

The town is suri-ounded by a very fertile farming 
country and is situated on the west bank of the Omaha 
creek, near the junction of Wigle and Fiddler cieek 
valleys, about ten miles south-west of Dakota City. 

Early Settlement. — The second building to be 
erected was a more substantial store house in Noveni- 
ber, for the Smith Bros., on the north-west corner of 
John and Fi'ont streets, and the third house was Smith 
Bros.' blacksmith shop, which was placed in charge of 
Charles Nystrand, while the fourth building was M. S. 
Mansfield's residence. About this time Herbert Har- 
ris erected a hotel building on lot 6, block 4, facing on 
John street, in which he also kept the first saloon. This 
building was subsequently pui-chased by the school dis- 
trict for a school house, and varied and many are the 
scenes that transpired within the walls of this small 
building. For years nearly every soul in Omadi pre- 
cinct would at times congregate hei-e at school exhibi- 
tions, enthusiastic religious revivals, Christmas enter- 
tainments, etc. It M'as used for school, church services, 
concei-ts, shows, political meetings, voting place and 
various other purposes. The next building wms Joseph 
Smith's residence, on "the south-west corner of J(>linand 
Front streets. 

In 1872 the Omadi post office was moved to Homer 
from Charles H. Potter's fann, and John Smith war; irs 
first postmaster, followed by Millard Logan, C. J. 



HOMER. 85 

O'Connor. Albert Nash, M. S. Mansfield, Joseph R, 
Kelsey and James L. Blanchard. Tlie office was kept 
in the store on corner of John and Front streets until 
1883, when Albert Nash moved it to the stoi^e of Nasli 
& Herman, and afterwards to Herman's residence, in 
the same block, with Miss Mary Herman as deputy. In 
18S5 M. S, Mansfield moved the office to the corner of 
John and First streets, Joseph K. Iveisey moving it in 
188s to the south-west corner of Robert and Front 
streets, afterwards to the site of the old Homer saloon, 
school and town hall bnildina. The office is now locat- 
ed on John Street. 

Ill 1874 the Smith Bi-os., founders of the town, 
hud the site surveyed and plotted by John H. Maun, 
altiiough previous to this time William Adair had sur- 
veyed John street. 

February 1, 1875, the county commissioners in- 
corporated the town under the name of Homer and ap- 
pointed the followino; trustees: Robert Smith, A. F. 
DeBorde, Alfred Pilgrim, Henry Loomis and John 
Smith, jr. Alfred Pilgrim was chosen chairman and 
John Smith, jr. as clerk. The town government pro- 
gressed for two years, when it was entirely ignored by 
the citizens until May 23, 1887, when through the 
efforts of M. S. Mansfield the Incorporation was revived 
by the county commissioners and the following trustees 
appointed: Samuel A. Brown, Henry Loomis, Albert 
Nash, Arthur W. Turner and Thos. Ashford, jr. 

The first child born in Houier was Walter, son of 
Joseph Smith, and the first death was Milton, infant 
son of Robert Smith. The first school was taught by 
Henry Ream, who also conducted the first Sabbath 
school. Homer now has a good substantial school 
building, situated in the western part of town. 

CnuRonKS. — The first church edifice built in Hom- 
er was by the United Brethern denomination, undei" the 
management of Rev. James P. Griffin, and dedicated 
June 15, 1S81:. This church is at present occupied by 



86 Warner's history of dakota countv. 

the Lutherans. There are also one Methodist, one 
Catholic and a Danish Lutlieran church in the town, all 
good substantial buildings. 

College Enterprise. — A meeting was held in 
Homer, Jannaiy 29, 1885, for the purpose of taking 
steps in the matter of building a large and costly college 
under the auspices of the United Brethern church. A 
board of incorporators was organized and during that 
year the college foundation was laid on a liigii bluff 
adjoining the town on the north-west. The people of 
Homer and vicinity subscribed liberally to the building 
fui>d, but owing to the failure of the United Brethern 
church to fiirnish their share of money, the enterprise 
was abandoned. In the fall of 1887, however, tlie 
Lutherans established a seminary in the United Bretli- 
eran church, which had been purchased and fitted up 
fur that purpose, but after a couple of years it was sus- 
pended. 

J^ewspapers. — The first newspaper ever printed in 
Homer was called the Herald, the first number of which 
appeared tlie first week in July, 1889, with Geo. E. 
Henry, editor. The plant was owned bv J. L. Knesen, 
of Lemars. Iowa. 

The Independent succeeded the Herald with L. 
M. Warner as editor, who conducted it until February 
3, 1893. when Elmer E. Smith purchased a one-half in- 
terest in the same. 

Homer in 1893. — There are five general stores 
with the following proprietors: M. S. Mansfield, M.J. 
Hermann, Thomas Ashford jr., B. McKinley, and IL 
A. Jandt, w^tii D. L. Allen as manager of tlie latter:, 
one drug store, M. Mason; one hardware store, L. M. 
Warner; one meat market, B. McKinley; one millinery 
store, Mrs. L. M. Warner; two hotels, Far)ner's Home. 
A. S. Richards, landlord, and the Pilgrim's Home^ 
William Pilgrim, landlord; one l)arbei' shop, Todd 
Christopherson; two livery barns, A. S. Richards and 
Joseph R. Kelsey; one stage line. A, S. Richards; one 



H )MKK, 87 

l)ank, Huiner State, with C. J. O'Connor as cashier; 
two dressmakers, Mrs. Carrie Rockwell and Mrs. Alice 
M. Bolster; two blacksmith and wagon shops, S. A. 
Brown and Hansen & Frederickson; two notaries public, 
M. S. Mansfield and C. J. O'Connor; two justices ot'the 
peace, M. S. Mansfield and Seth Barnes; one saloon, G. 
F. Hammer;four churches, Methodist, Lutheran, Dan- 
ish Lutheran an(i Catholic; one newspaper. Homer 
Independent, L M. Warner and E. E. Smith publishers; 
two carpet weavers, Mrs. John Trask and F. M. Robin- 
son; one dealer in butter, eggs and poultry, Albert 
Phillips; two carpenters, Ephiaim Rockwell and A. Mc- 
EntarA'er; one liouse and sign painter, J. B. Bubb; two 
plasterers and masons, M. McEntarffer and John B. 
Myres; post office, James L. Blanchard, postmaster; 
one house mo^aM', M. C. Thorn; one well digger, Robert 
Smith; real estate and loan, J. W. Davis and L. M. 
Warner; three draymen, Robert Tague, T. M. Rol)inson 
and M. C. Thorn; one confectionery store, L. M. 
Warner; two insurance agents, J. W. Davis and Seth 
P. Barnes; Homer Roller Mills, Sam A. Coiitbs; one 
scho<-»l, S. E. Col)b, principal and Josie Kennelly pri- 
mary teacher; two bands. Homer Cornet and Homer 
Orchestra; dealer in livestock, W. C. Ream; one brick 
yard, Edward Norris; Homer Drivini^ Park and Picnic 
Grounds Association, oi-ganized in May, 1889, with C. 
J. O'Connor aa president, A. W. Turner secretary and 
Col. H. Baird treasurer. They have a half mile race 
track and picnic ground one-half mile north-east of 
Homer, and the officers are Thomas Ashford president, 
and M. S. Mansfield secretary; one mill wright, Thomas 
(Miristophersoii; one village jail; one circulating library, 
estal)lislied in 1889; one harness shop, Thomas, Abhford; 
tou'u eouncil. Todd Christopherson chairman. M. S. 
Maiisfield clerk, S. A. Brown treasurer, Rasmus Fred- 
crickson, B. McKinley and Ephraim Rockwell; marshal, 
A. Kinuear; street commissioner, Set.li P. Barnes; one 
town hall O'Connor's Hall. Population, four hundred. 



88 Warner's histoky of Dakota county. 

In the spring of 1893 an Independent Order ot Good 
Templars Lodge was organized here with eigiity-five 
ehartei- members, which is the largest charter 
member lodge in the state, and has swelled its mem- 
bership to more than a hundred and forty members. 

HUBBARD. 

This town is located on the Chicago, St. Paul., 
Minneapolis & Omaha railroad, about ten miles souths 
west of Dakota City, which was laid out by that com- 
pany in 1880, and so named in honor of Judge A. W. 
Hubbard, first president of the Covington, Columbus vfc 
Black Hills railroad. 

Th'e station building was the first to be erected in 
the town and John F. Myres kept the first store, and 
was also first postmaster, who was succeeded in that 
office by J. F. Duggan, J. C. Duggan, J. W. Briden- 
baugh and Thomas Cullen. 

The town has never enjoyed much of a growth but 
is a good business point. 

Religious Advancement. — In 1885 the people of 
Hubbard, who until then formed a part of Jackson 
parish, wishing to have a church built for themsehes. 
were organized into a parish of their own with Homer 
connected. They soon built a church and a parochial 
i-esidence, both of which have been added to and im- 
proved a great deal since. In 1887 thei-e was a large 
debt of ^1,600 or more, which fell to the lot of Father 
Lysaght, of Jackson, who was then attending to the 
spiritual wants of the people, to liquidate, in the absence- 
of their regular pastor. This w^as a big debt in so small 
a community, but big though it was they paid it, and 
had a nice little sum of about 3100 over, which Father 
Lysaght felt proud to be able to hand to their next reg- 
ular pastor. Rev. J. T. Smith, now of North Omaha. 
This fact of the debt is mentioned because it was the 
great event in the history of the Hubbard church, which 
pi'oved the face and generosity of the people. Since 



HUBBAKI). 89 

tlien many substantial improvements have been made, 
until now, with the indefatigable Rev. J. M. Delbove, 
as pastor, the people have as desirable church property, 
and unincumbered, as any congregation in the state, 
considering their needs. 

The generosity of the Hubbard people is not con- 
tined to home; they who have been called upon by 
Father Lysaght to help him out with the convent build- 
ing, at Jackson, have most liberally and cheerfully 
given their big hearted donations; and it is just as cer- 
tain that the others, when called npon, will be equally 
generous in the good cause. 

Hubbard in 1893. — There are two general stores 
with Barney Gibble and Thomas Cullen as proprietors; 
lumber and coal dealer, Cornelius Oshea; one black- 
smith shop, Albert Foster; one saloon, Louis Eby; 
three carpenters, T. F. Magee, R. D. Eockwell and 
Thomas Cullen; station agent, J. R. Derington; one 
Catholic church, J. M. Delbove, Priest; one school. 
Miss Mary Howard, teacher; three dressmakers. Misses 
Maggie and Mary Howard and Olive Gribble; music 
teacher. Miss Mary Howard; one livery and feed barn, 
Thomas Cullen; one justice of the peace, John B. 
Rooney; one hotel. Hotel Kent, Henry Kent, landlord; 
notary public and post master, Thomas Cullen; one 
mason, M. J. Morrissey; one drayman, Michael Cullen. 



This town is situated in the extreme south-western 
part of the county on the Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapo- 
lis it Omaha railroad, with the Winnebago Reservation 
or Thurston county bordering on the south and tlie 
county line between Dakota and Dixon counties is its 
Main street north and south. It was established in 
18S1 and is the junction of the C, St. P., M. ct O. 
railroad and its Norfolk branch. 

The first building erected was the depot, and the 
second was a section house. Boyle Bros, built the third, 
where they kept a store, and William "Warnock l)nilt 



90 Warner's history of Dakota county. 

the fourth, which was the first dwelling house there. 
In 188311. E. Kuhn plotted the ori<^inal town site, 
since which time additions have been made by D. W. 
Mathewson, Atlee Hart, William Wat nock, Emerson 
Mill and Improvement Company and othei-s. 

First Settlers.- — Among the first residents wiio 
located upon the prai]-ie hills here andfounded the town 
of Emerson were William Warnock, P. H. Boyle, H. 
S. Boyle, Patrick Bannan, W. S. Lippold, John Eugelen, 
M. PVnden, M. L. Rossiter. J. J. McCarthy, L). W. 
Parmelee, R. H. Kuhn, C, A. Johnson and JMelson 
Feauto. 

Newspapers. — The Echo was tlie first newspaper 
venture in this town, established in the spring of 1883, 
by Nelson Feauto, who was succeeded by Joshua Leon- 
ard, July 21, 1885. Mr. Leonard changed the name of 
the paper to the Emerson Era and conducted it until 
1892 when the paper expired. In a few weeks there- 
after Harry S. Swenson and Chas. S. Packard started 
the Emerson Enterprise, and the paper was sold to Frank 
Bancroft, who in December, of the same year sold to 
H. W. Conley, he selling to S. E. Cobb, June 2, 1893. 

The Emerson Times was established March 25, 
1893, with A. L. Moore as editor, but two weeks of 
journalistic life was enough for him and the paper was 
sold to Z. M. Baird, April 8, who is its present 
editor. 

Churches and Schools. — -There are three good 
church buildings in the town, the Presbyterian, Albert 
A.ston, pastor; St. Paul Lutheran, Emile Asbrans, pas- 
tor; Catholic, J. Barry, pastor. The Presbyterians and 
Catholics also have built parsonages for their pastors. 

In 1885 the school district was bonded for ^5,000, 
and a large fine school building was erected which is a 
credit to the district. 

Societies — The first secret society organized iis 
the town was the Grand Annyof the Republic, which 
established C. R. Weaver Post, Na 185, on April 1^, 



EMERSON. 



91 



1884, J. F. Warner, then Coiiiinander of the Post at 
Dakota City, being installing officer. Among tlie 
charter members were William Warnock, B. F. Good- 
win, John Bennett, I. M. Shockley, N. Feauto, J. Dix- 
on, Charles Boyle, E. Barber and John Ward. 

The Masons organized here Jan nary 25, 1893, 
witli M. 11. Evans, W. M. and J. W. Fisher, secretary. 

The A. O. U. V^. have a Lodge, with J. W. Fisher, 
W. M. and L. Wakefield, recorder. 

An Independent Order of Good Templars Lodge 
was oi'ganized here in the spring of 1893. L. Wake- 
field is Chief Templar and Hallie Bennett, secretary. 

The Woman's Christian Temperance Union have a 
society, with Mattie Parmelee as president and Winnie 
Fnller corresponding secretary. 

Grist Mill. — In November 1892 a meeting was 
held in the town at which time the Emerson Mill and 
Improvement Company was organized, and the follow- 
ing spring work was begnn on the Emerson Roller 
Mills, which were completed June 1. 1893, The mill 
complete cost $15,000 ; has a capacity of 100 barrels 
per day, and bin room for 10,000 bushels of wheat. 
The officers of the company are J. L. Davis, president; 
Benj. Bonderson, vice president; C. C. King, secretary 
and generaf manager and S. W. Appleton, treasurer. 

Emerson in 1893. — Tliere are three general stores, 
Dax^is & Fuller, Knntz & McCarthy and M. A. Mines; 
one hardware store, Painter and Isenbei'ii:; one druw; 
store, J()hn Connors; one furniture store, W. M. Kel- 
logg; one clothing store, E. J. Smith; undertaking, W. 
M. Kelloj^g; two banks. Farmer's State, with S. W. Ap- 
pleton as president, Fred Bin me, vice president and C. 
(\ King, cashier and the German American with E. J. 
McCarthy as president, William Warnock, vice presi- 
dent and H. F. Moseman as cashier; one physician, M. 
H. Evans; one attorney, Joshua Leonard; one saloon, 
Borowsky & Scheuneman; two meat markets, Theodore 
Rliode and Charles Mann; two blacksmith shops, J. C. 



92 Warner's history of Dakota county. 

Winters and L. J. Edgar; two lumber yards, Edwards 
& Bradford Lumber Co., W. H. Crahans, as managei- 
and Jensen & Wiseman; two livery barns, John Enge- 
len & Son and Kobert Poole; contractors and builders, 
A. N. Carlile, P. G. Fancher, P. J. Bannan, John 
Schaub, Jensen Bros, and S. "R. Davis; grain flour and 
feed store, L. F. Demers; proprietor steam elevator, L. 
F. Demers; one school, J. W. Fisher, principal, L. 
Wakefield and Miss. Sarah Jones, teachers; real estate 
dealers, Wm. Warnock, Joshua Leonard, Joseph Holl- 
man and Boyle Bros.; dressmaking and millinery, Mrs. 
Ward Parmelee, Misses Scollard & Kerwin and Mioses 
Witt & Erwin; station agent, F. Paulger; dealers in 
live stock, Webb Kellogg, John Doran, Davis & Fuller 
and J. W. Bridenbaugh; hotels, P. Doyle, Chas Zapp, 
Mrs. Flegg and Enoch Beals; mail carrier, A. N. Car- 
lile; loan and insurance, notary public, justice of the 
peace and postmaster, Wm. Warnock; auctioneers, John 
Doran, and A. Ira Davis; agricultural implements, G. 
A. Puis; cement work, AVilliam Harte; cigar factory. 
Henry Stahl; wagon shop, wind-mills and pumps, Car- 
lile and Fancher; real estate and insurance, H. W. Con- 
ley; harness shop, William Metz; barbers, Howard 
Parmelee and Thomas Coyle; masons, William E. Shane 
and H. D. Engelen ; the railroad companies have a 
good substantial depot building, three section houses, 
extensive water works, car scales and e:ood stock yards; 
the village board is as follows: H, T. Moseman chair- 
man, L. F. Demers, F. O. Paulger, W. L. Ross and H. 
D. Engelen, trustees; W. H. Crahan, clerk; A. IS'. Car- 
lile, treasurer; Joshua Leonard, attorney; Lo\iis Gigear, 
marshal. The population is six hundred. 

SOUTH SIOUX CITY. 

This is the youngest town in Dakota county and 
was incorporated by the county commissioners January, 
i, 1887, in accordance with a petition signed by E. L. 
Will)ur and forty-one others residino' there. Ked H. 



SOUTH SIOUX CITY, 93 

Kinery, J. L. Krceseii, C. D, Smiley, D. C. Willnir and 
C;i?s Brainiainan were appointed trustees. The original 
tdwn site included section 21 and all of section 22. ex- 
cept a portion of the north-west corner which had been 
washed away by the Missouri river. 

John M. Moan bought the Tiffey land in Septem- 
bftr, 1886, which was a portion of the old Pacific City 
town site, laid it out in lots, and sold anuniber of them 
at a great auction sale held there in October. A town 
company was organized consisting of J. M. Moan, Fi-ank 
Hunt and E. C. Palmer. 

The first house was built on lot 7, block 5, and 
occupied by C. D. Smiley, March 1, 1887, with a stock 
of groceries, he being the first resident. This building 
now stands on Main street, lot 14, block 9. The sec- 
oiuJ building was occupied on the lower floor by Gil- 
lette Bros, as a hardware store, and in the upper story 
the News was published. 

The Pkess — The News was the first paper, which 
was established there in April, 1887, and consolidated 
with the Sun January 1, 1889. 

The Sun was established August 27, 1887, by Will 
S. Jay and Al Fairbrother, the latter selling his share 
to W. C. Fairbrother that fall. The Sun and News 
were consolidated with Jay & Fairbrother proprietors, 
who managed the paper until January, 1891, when the 
plant was transferred to II. A, McCormick, who changed 
the name of the paper to the Democrat. 

The Times, by Z. M. Baird, was established March 
U, 1890, and expired July 6, 1892. 

The Argus, formerly published at Dakota City wa% 
removed by its proprietor E. B. Wilbur, to this place 
jNlovember 9, 1892. 

Churches AND Schools.— The flrst church edifice 
was built by the Presbyterians, thi-ough the liberality 
^)r E. L. Wilbur and others, in 1887. The Presbyterian 
4-hurcli was used for school purposes until the town 
voted 35,000 bonds for the erection of the present 



94 warnek's history of daiota county. 

school building. A Catholic church is now in course of 
construction. 

The Grace Evangelical Lutheran church was dedi- 
cated October 12, 1890, Rev. D. Sprecker conducting 
the services, assisted by Rev. 8. B. Rarnitz, who deliv- 
ered the dedicatory sermon. The buikling was begun 
in 1887, under the supervision of Rev. C. Baird, and 
cost ^1,600. 

The Covington and South Sioux City Street R. 
R.Co. was organized and road built in 1887, the incorpo- 
rators being E. C. Palmer, J. M. Moan, b'rank Hunt, 
C. D. Smiley, E. B. Wilbur, Atlee Hart and Judge T. 
L.Griffey. The first officers were E. B. Wilbur, presi- 
dent; J. M. Moan, vice president; Frank Hunt, secre- 
tary; C. D. Smiley, treasurer. In July, 1889 the 
South Sioux City Electric Motor Street R. R. Co. was 
organized, the old Company being absorbed in the new 
one. The present officers are C. D. Smiley, president; 
E. C. Palmer, secretary; Frank Hunt, treasurer. The 
line will be extended to Crystal Lake on the completion 
of the Short Line combination bridge across the Mis- 
souri river. 

Societies. — An Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
Lodge was organized here in July, 1890. 

The next secret society organized Iiere was theGrand 
Army of the Republic, Banner Post, No. 308. August 
16, 1890, with the following charter members: Samuel 
B. Funk, Henry C. Phillips, Daniel Martin, James W. 
Heath, John N . Conkiing, Clymer Shadinger, John W. 
Gibson, William McDonald, William E. Everett, James 
H. Bliven, William E. Shane, William H. George, 
James H. Loomie, John M Church, Isaac J. j^mmer- 
man, Andrew Christensen and James M. Woodcock. 
Following are the officers for 1893: S. R. Cowles, com- 
mander; James H. Bliven, senior vice commander; John 
McConeiiey, junior vice commander; William E. Shane, 
officer of the day; C. Erwin, quartermaster; M. B. Slo- 
cum, adjutant; W. H. Georye, officer of guard. 



SOUTH SIOUX CITY. 95 

The Ancient Order of United Workmen organized a 
Lodge January 27, 1S91. 

Modern Woodmen organized February 18, 1891. 

The Knights of Labor organized July 30, 1891. 

An Independent Order of Good Templars Lodge 
was organized July 26,1892. 

South Sioux City in 1898. — There are two general 
stores, C. D. Smiley and Louis Jeep; one drug store, 
L. Krygeritvvo hardware stores, J. L. Kloster and O. 
J. Yalentine; one lumberyard for distributing lumber 
to various towns in northern Nebraska, Edwards & 
Bi-adford; one variety store. T. A. Teter; four grocery 
stores, H. Lindsay, B. H. Lampson, A. Steel and J. 
^"an de Zedde; one bakery, J. Van de Zedde; two 
butcher shops, A. Steel and C C. Scott; one bank. Citi- 
zens State, W. II. liyan, president— J. P. Twohig, 
cashier — O. W. March assistant cashier; two hotels, 
Merchants, Mrs. William Luther — Hotel Heath, J. W. 
Heath; one shoemaker, Patrick McCabe; one millinery 
store, Mrs. II. Everett; two barber shops, Willian/ 
Gramanz and II. W. Everett; one billiard iiall, Geo. E. 
Bidwell; two saloons, Schumacker & Mappes and J. N. 
Peysen; one livery barn, B. V. Sawyer; four draymen, 
P. Stoffell,H. C. Vegan, A. Lufkin and W. J. Jones; 
one photograph gallery. King Brothers; two architects, 
P. B. Funk and John Jeid<ins; eight caz'penters, A. H, 
Bliven, P. S. Everett, J, B, Earlywine, N. Coraneau, 
Oscar Stamm, Elias Stamm, Frank Ackerman and W. 
E. Blair; five painters, William McDonald, W. L. Mc- 
Donald, Isaac Pouts. James Loojnis and Fred Martin; 
two paper hangers, Pied Martin and Isaac Pouts; one 
wag'on shop, S. B. Hoover; one blacksmith shop, A. A. 
iSunde; four masons and plasterers, D.J. Savidge, Philip 
Reiss, William Shane and Lewis Anderson; six lawyers, 
li. B. Daley, T. J. King. M. B. Slocuni, J. Fowler, J. 
P. Twohig and E. B. W"ilbur; two physicians, R. G. 
ilandlton and A.O.Allen; one school, Prof.J. G. Ilaupt, 
|;rincipaj, with Lehdi Kryger. Mattie Daley and Edith 



96 Warner's history ot Dakota county. 

Phillips as teachers; two newspapers, Argns, with E. 
B. Wilbur as editor, and tlie Democrat, edited by H. 
A. McCormick, two station accents, E. E. Carder for C. 
8t. P., M. & O. company, and Frank McCnmber for the 
Short Line; one opera house, Levi Smith proprietor; 
feed and grain, II. C, Vegan; one brick yard, Peter 
Meiseh; one harness sliop, E. R. Wilbur; seven notaries 
public, J. P. Twohig, R. B. Daley, J. P. Meredith, 
Win. S. White, T. J. King, M. B. "Slocuni and E. B, 
Wilbur; one flouring mill, erected in 1893, 100 bbls. 
capacity, W. RL Shook and J, H. Rank proprietors; H. 
O. Dorn, grain and stock buyer and auctioneer; B. F. 
Sawyer, buss and hack line. 

Stanton Addition.— In 1S56 Marion Pinkertoi 
and John Fitzpatrick entered a tract of land east of the 
town site of Covington. E. L. Wilbur pureh sed the 
Fitzpatrick portion and sold it to E. D. Stanton in 
1864, the latter laying out the town of Stanton here, 
in 1870. The town never made any progress until 
1889, when the pontoon bridge was built across the 
river with the Nebraska terminus at the foot of Blood- 
good street. That year it grew very rapidly and built 
up with a large number of saloons, gambling houses,, 
etc., which were afterwards burned to t'lo ground, (see 
chapter on fires.) When South Sioux City was estab- 
lished Stanton was incorporated in that town. 

Consolidation. — On the 4th, of April, 1893, a vote 
was taken on the matter of consolidating South Sioux 
City and Covington which resulted as follows: Vote of 
South Sioux City — for consolidation, 83; against, 12. 
Vote of Covincjcon — for consolidation, 50; against, 15. 
The consolidation w^as accepted by the Board of super- 
\iiiors and certified to bv the county clerk, to date 
from May 1st, 1893. 

ELK VALLEY- 

This .is a post office located between, the two 
branches of the railroad, about five miles west of Hub- 



GOODWIN, NEUORA AND COBURN ,! UNCTION. U7 

l)nrJ and eii^ht miles north of Emerson. Its postmas- 
ters have been: John G. Hibl)s, James L. Mitchell, 
Monroe Minter and James Knox. 

COBURN JUNCTION 

Is situated about tive miles due west of Dakota City, 
on the C, St. P , M. & O. railroad, at the junction of 
the Ponca branch. There is neither a settlement nor 
post ofhee at this point. 

NECORA, 

Whicli was formerly called Simon's Siding, is located 
seven miles south-west of Hubbard on the main line of 
the C, St. P., M. & O. railroad, and a post office was 
established there in 1S92 with Henry Danker as post- 
master. 



Is located on th« Pacific Short Line, about ten miles 
south-west of Jackson, and was established in 1892 by 
John C. Duggan, who conducts the only general stort^ 



and is postmaster. 



lOUX CITY. IOWA. 




JSOFTU SKUA CI I 



CHAPTER VII. 



Pkoducts and Improvements. 



The first wheat raised in the county was in 1856. 
A. H. Baker sowed one acre of this jcrrain on weed land, 
east of his present farm and south of wliere D. C. Dib- 
.ble now liv^es, in section 30. He did not thresh it, but 
it was estimated to have yielded twenty bushels, which 
constituted the entire wheat crop of Dakota county for 
tliat year. What a contrast to the crop of 1874, with 
113,150 bushels, threshed by D. Y. Hileman, Henry 
Shull, Theodore Haase, Dutton Lane, James Mitchell, 
Asa Rath bun, Jos. A. Jackson and S. Guetzer. 

In 1892 Dakota county contained: 3,910 horses, 
valued at ^62,737; 13,644 cattle, valued at ^56,494; 
339 mules, valued at ^6,285; 59 sheep, valued at ^34; 
11,331 hogs, valued at 313,387; 1,144 carriages and 
\vao;ons, valued at ^5,796; and railroad property valued 
at 1288,525. These are tlie taxable values which are 
one-third the actual values. 

Here are the "as- 
sessed total valua- 
tions" of the county, 
that of 1855 and '56 
beins^ estimated: 

1855." $ 2.000.00 

185H lO.OOO.OO f. 1/ u ^ j^_ 

1865 280.046.00 



1867 330.6S2.»)(> 1 J#^;' I ^j 




1868. ....... 380.917 00 l/t\J/7h: -'!'''"'tf ^\'il^T^l , Aj 

1870 610.730.(11) ;J7.- ■•"'''i^- 

1871 653.384.01 >!^vt ' gWlj 

1872 734 , 1 63 (10 •^'X'.^--^i^„ .y^ -.t,- t-S-^cr^ ''' 

1873 7:^1.180.00 te ostirr::;^rr'M ..^ 

1874.... 676.822.00 ^ -UL-'.y---- «*^ 

1875 637.665.00 CORN PALACE OF 1S87. 

1876; 801 ,018.00 



PRODUCTS. 

IS 77 840,047.S(5 

18 78 834,700.00 

18 79 720,780.50 

1880 775,4So00 

1881 759.712.41 

1883 834,562.00^ 

1.S83 999,917.30p^ 

1884 1.076,139.S')f- 

1S85 877,731.7i> 

1886 1,048.923.(1"' 

1887 1,217.383.5(1 

1888 1,374,974.7(1 

1889 1.744,861.5(1. 

1890 1,859.427.5(! 

1891 1,916.234.5(1 

1892 1,682.158.3) 

1893 1,544,803.0(1 

■ -^ Dakota county ha-- ; 
500 farms, valued at 
31,000,000, and the niacin, 




iii|. 



375,000. 




Prizes and Med- 
als. — At the second 
national Corn Palace 
in Sioux City, Iowa, 
September 24th to Oc- 
tober 6, 1888. Dakota 
county was awarded 
first premium on corn, 
and second on fruit, 
and also second on best 
general exhibit. Then 
again, at the third 
Corn Palace at the 
('i)R\ PAL\CK OF 1889. Same place from Sep- 

tember 28rd to October 5th, 1889, it won first prize on 
'•l)est i^eiieral exhibit of corn, grasses, grass seeds, vege- 
tables and fruit,'' 3300; second prize on "best separate 
exhibit of corn," 325; the first prize of 350 on fruit was 
<livided between Dakota county and Monona county, Iowa, 
Dakota Co. also took prizes at the first Corn PaUice, 
wliioh opened October 3rd and closed October 8th, and 
at the PaUice for 1890, (Sept. 5th to Oet. 4Hi,) and 18^.1 



100 



WAKNEe's HISTOKY of DAKOTA COUNTV, 




The county com- 
missioners in session 
September 11, 1890, 
appropriated ^250 tu 
defray the expenses of 
collecting the county 
exhibits for the Corn 
Palace of that year. 

In 1889, at the ^ 
great Universal Ex- 
position iu Paris, J- 
France,Dakota county 

was awarded an hon- corn palace "of Ys9u. 

orary diploma for her exhibit of corn, selected and for- 
warded by a committee, of which A. T. Haase was chair- 
man. The following letter was sent to Dakota county: 
The Golden Book of Memorial Diplomas of tub Uni- j 
VERSAL Exposition, of 1889, Pkesident, M. J. Berkin, 
15 St. Sulfide Street, Paris. ) 

Paris, 8 December. 1889. 

giii — The administration of tlie Golden Book of the Universal Expc'Si- 
tion has dedicated to you a memorial dii)loiDa of the Universal Expo; 
of 1889. , , 

In conferring on you this diploma, imperishable symbol of the 1; 
you have imposed on yourself, we wish tn perpetuate tlie memory of the 
legitimate rewards earned by your products in the immense inten.atiunal 
concourse in which all the nations of the universe have taken piirt Please 
accept with the assurance of my most distinguished consideraiion. 

J. Berkin, President. 

The Dakota 
county agricultural 
society was oi-ganized 
at Dakota City, N.T., 
March 11, 1805, with 
David Boals, presi- 
dent, and Thos. L. 
(ii-iffey secretary. At 
t'ueir third meeting, 
!!J^ April 22nd, J. H. 
3^ Williams was chosen 
CORN palace of 16'Ji. as chairman a)id T. 



ition 
bors 



t 




SOCIETIES. 101 

L. Griffey secretary, wlien tlie followino- officers were 
elected for the ensuing year: Alfred Elani, president; 
Barnabas Bates, vice president; Win. Adair, secretary; 
John Smith, sr., treasurer; Win. Ilogan, J. H. Willii.'us, 
James Stott, Henry Ream, Simon Dewitt and Teter 
Myers, directors; C 1). Martin and Wm. H. James, 
corresponding secretaries. This was the first agricul- 
tural society of any kind oro;aniz;ed in Dakota county. 
Among its meml)ers not l)efore mentioned were: C. F. 
Eckhart, John Naffziger, Samuel Whitehorn and James 
Maloney. 

The Mehidian Cheese Maker's Association of 
Dakota County. — Was organized at the residence of 
Leonard Bates, June 1, 1875, electing the following of- 
ficers for the ensuing year: George Boals, president; 
C. II. Brown, vice president; John Joyce, secretary; 
Henry Wood, treasurer and salesman. The factory was 
located on Bates^" i. rm and did a thriving business, but the 
price of butter advanced and the cheese enterprise; was 
finally abandoned. 

The first clieese manufactured in the county, how- 
ever, was by Jesse F. Warner, on the farm now owned 
l)y George Leamer, in 1858, where a large quantity of 
cheese was made. 

Farmers Club. — This society was organized in 
1886 and held a great "Farmers' Institute" in a grove 
near Homer, July 30, 1887. Its principal members 
were Pius Neff, D. C. Dibble, G. W. Wilkinson, Sam 
A. Combs, JNelson Cowles, Will C. Dibble, Dennis Ar- 
mour, Thos. L. Griffey, Wm. Armour, Asa Rathbun, 
Wm. Holsworth, Thns. Ashford, Capt. C. O'Connor, 
Wm. Nixon, C. B. Bliven, A. T. Haase, J. O. Fisher, 
Wm. Taylor, Harlon Baird, J. F. Warner and Henry 
Ream. 

Bridges and Roads — Dakota county has expended 
thousands of dollars in the construction of bridges and 
grading roads, tlie county commissioners having pur- 
chased a road grader in 1880, and today the public 




^^ 









I 'W I 'II III, * 









KAILKOADS. 



108 



highways thi-uiighout the county jire in excellent con- 
dition. 

The lirsf public thoroughfare established through 
the county was the old Platte river and Kunningwater 
military road, surveyed by Col, Sites, employed l)y the 
government in 1858, from Omaha via Dakota City to 
the mouth of the Niobrara river, (then called Running- 
water. The road entered the county fi'om the south at 
the identical point on the line of the "Winnebago Reser- 
vation wheie James Biggs kept an Indian trading post. 
This old road is still visible at places and can yet be seen 
as it winds up Pilgrim Hill, on the old Col. Warner 
place, two miles enst of Homer. The first good -bridge 
built in the county was on this road across Omaha creek 
nenr Omadi. 

An act of the Tei'ritoriid legislature was approved 
June 22, 1867, appointing John F. DeBorde, Peter 
Myers and Mai-teu Stuefer as a board t>f commissioners 
to locate a public road from Covington to West Point 
in Cuming county. An act was also approved Febi'uary 
18, 1867, appointing James Clark, John Boler and 
Patrick Twohig as a board of coiiMuissioners to estab- 
lisli a road from Jack>on to intei'sect h road leading 
from Ponca to West Point. 

On August 27, 1885, the county commissiimers let 
a contract to Macritchie & JN'ichols, of Chicago, for 
draining the '-swamj)" which was caused bv Elk and 
Pigeon creeks being damned up by beavers. It cost 
^10,846.50, ;ind was a gi-eat benefit to the county, in- 
creasing the value of bind in the vicinity from ^1.25 
to ^20 per acre. Theic were 46,952 yards of e.^rth le- 
moved. 

Railkoads-- At a special election held in Dakota 
county, March 25, 1872, to vote on ^65,000 bonds for 
iSorthern Nebraska & Central Dakota i-ailr^ad com- 
pany, there were 375 vot'^s "for" and 186 "against" 
bonds. The company failed to luiild any load and re 
leased payment of tlie bonds Jaiiuai'y 7. LSS8. 



104 Warner's history of Dakota county. 

A special election was held February 10, 1873, to 
vote on ^73,000 bonds for the St. Paul & Nebraska 
railroad company, at which time there were 289 "for" 
and 187 '-against'' bonds. The proposition was defeated. 

On December 27, 1875, a special election Mas held 
to vote 195,000 bonds for the Covington, Colnmbns Sz 
Black Hills railroad company. There were cast at this 
election 486 votes "for" and 94 "against" bonds. 
Preparations were at once made for bnilding the road 
and on the 24th, day of June 1876, at 9:30 a. m , Judge 
Hubbard drove the first spike on this road, which wfis 
also the iirst ever driven on any railroad in Dakota county 
and on the 29th, the first engine brought to the county, 
''Dakota No. 1," was crossed over the river at Sioux City. 
The road was soon completed through the county from 
Covington via Dakota City and Jackson, a distance of 
twenty-two and a quarter miles and bonds were issued 
to the railroad company. It was a narrow guage, be- 
ing three feet and six inches wide. This company also 
did considerable grading on the Omaha brancri to Em- 
erson, but did not complete the load. Tlie Chicago, St. 
Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha railroad company havin^. 
purchased the Covington, Columbus & Black Hills rail- 
road, changed it to a standard guage in 1880 and 
built the road through the county to Emerson via Hub- 
bard, and nov/ has over forty miles of railroad in tlio 
county valued at ^190,000. 

A first-class steel railroad bridge was built across 
the Missouri river between South Sioux Citv and 
Sioux City in 1888, at a cost of $2,000,000. "' This 
railroad and bridge property has passed into the control 
of the Chicago & Northwestern system. 

In 1889 the Sioux City tt Ogden Short Line com- 
pany graded a railroad bed through the county fron> 
South Sioux City, passing north of Dakota City, tlience 
to Jackson and up the valley of Elk Creek, and a 
winter In-idge was completed and engine No. 374: 
crossed over to Covington January 27, 1890. 



RAILUOADS. 



105 



A nuinher of railroad surveys have been made 
through the southern part of the county t)y different 
companies by way of Homer, but as yet no railroad has 
been constructed, altliough the route from Dakota City 
up the (^inalia creek valley to the Logan river is one of 
the best to be found in this section. 

The first projected railroad in the county was the 
Sioux City 6z Columbus, organized in 1867. The first 
survey was made in 1868 and was surveyed by Wil- 
gosci, surveyor, James Stott, J, F. Warner, William 
Adair, C. F. Bayha, Gideon Warner and John G. Ogden. 
The route they surveyed is the exact location of the rail- 
road now built to Emerson. It was intensely cold weather 
^iud a great snow storm overtook the party, freezing some 
^)f them badly but not seriously. J. F. Warner was sent 
to Washincrton to ejet a "restoration of the Union Pa- 
cine land grant" to npply on this road, but congress 
failed to do this and the Sioux City & Columbus road 
was not built. 




CHAPTER VIII. 



Indians — "The Logan War. 



Dakota county has liad very little trouble with the 
Indians since its settlement by whitt; people. 

In September, 1855, twenty-one Sioux Indians 
came upon a small company of settlei-s on the Omadl 
town site, stealing everything they had, including theii" 
boat, which was their only source of reaching supplies 
on the Iowa side; but fortunately, after fasting three 
days they found a half decayed hawk, with which they 
appeased their hunger, until a Fi'enchman happened to 
come along with a boat. 

During the summer of 1855 Adam Benners, with 
his family settled in the northwestern pai-r of the county, 
and one day while Mr. Benners was absent tiiree Fonca 
Indians came aloi;g and aftei- ransacking the house en- 
tered the room wliere Mrs, Bennei's lay sick in bed, 
with her new born I)abe by her side. They pulled the 
feather bed off onto the floor, the woman and child with 
it, which so friglitened her that she died from the ex- 
posure aiid shock of the fright, who was survived but a 
few days by her babe. The three Indians were delivered 
up to Cien. Harney, at Ft. Rimdall, ti-ied, conoemned 
and executed for the crime. 

This is the only killing of white people, by Indians^ 
in Dakota county, although the Winnebiigo Indians 
have killtd several white men in this vicinity. C. S. 
M.unson was killed in 1870 by five Winnebagoes on the 



INDIANS. 107 

western border of the Reservation, and Holly Scott, a 
Winnebago, killed Geo, Skinner near the Winnebago 
Agency in May, 1879, and another white man was 
killed there about this time. Scott was sentenced to 
ten years in the state penitentiary, but died before his 
time had expired. 

Dakota county is bounded on the south by the 
Omaha and Winnebago Reservations, (now Thurston 
county,) and contains about 1,200 Winnebagoes and 
1,100 Omahas. The U. S. Indian Agents have been 
for the Winnebagoes: St. A. D. Balcomb, who in 1864 
came with them from Crow Creek, in Dakota Territory ; 
Cliarles Matthewson, appointed in 1865; Howard White, 
in 1869; Taylor Rradly, in 1874; Howard White, again 
appointed in 1878; Arthur Edward, in 1880; Dr. G. 
W. Wilkinson, Oct. 17, 1881; Charles H. Potter, Aug. 
7, 1885; Gen. Jo'^'-ph HoUman, appointed in 1886, but 
failed to take cl...rge; Col. Jesse F. Warner, Nov. 1, 
1886; Robert T. Ashley, Sept. 16, 1889; Captain W. 
H. Beck, June, 1898. Agents for the Omahas: John 
Hepner, appointed in 1851; John Robertson, in 1856; 
William Wilson. 1858; W. E. Moore, 1859; Geo, B. 
Gralf, 1860; O. H. Irish, 1861; Robert W. Furnas,' 
1863; William Gallon, 1866; Edward Painter, 1869; 
T. T. Gillingham, 1873; Jacob Yore, 1876; Howard 
White, 1878; since which time one Agent has had 
charge of the affairs of both tril)es of Indians. 

Another chapter was added to the history of Da- 
kota county when three Winnebago Indians were called 
upon to take their seats in the tribunal of Justice as 
jurymen at the JMarch term of the district courc, 1889, 
and there, in the presence of their paler brothers, wielded 
the power confided to a jury in behalf of right and jus- 
tice. Surely the world doth move, while the vast and 
rapid strides of civilization g02o sweeping onward. A 
few years ago the Winneb,i;]i; j Indians decked in wai- 
paint sent forth a war-whoop in the terrible "Minnesota 
Massacre" which will go on s )undingdown through the 



108 WARNEe's history of DAKOTA COUNTY. 

jears, reviving in the minds of coming generations the 
most cruel and cowardly drama to be found throuahout 
all the pages of history. And today, three nieniLers of 
this self same tribe are cbosen as jurymen to decide in 
the court room the fates of members of the race whom 
a few short years ago they slew with the tomahawk. 

Below we give a short sketch of the fii'st three In- 
dian jurymen ever chosen in JNebraska: 

David St.Cyr.— Was born on Christmas Day. 1864. at 
Crow Creek, D. T.; was eldest sou of Mitchell St.Cyr, who died 
at Louis Jopu's place in 1889. David attended the Hampton 
Indian School, Virginia, three years, where he receivsd a good 
common school education. Here he also learned to be a first- 
class penman and for this reason was chosen as one of the 
clerks of election for Winnebago piecinct. After all the poll 
books had been received at the court house, it was the general 
comment that David St.Cyr had sent the neatest and most 
complete poll book oi any polling p'ace in the county. 

Prosper Amell. — Was born March 14, 1845. at Four Lake 
Madison, Wisconsin. Came with the Winnebago Indians to 
Nebraska in 1865, and located on the north boundary of the 
reservation near Omaha Creek, where he bus resided to the 
present time, except three years when he was a cow boy and 
with '*the cow boys stood." along the Elkhorn and Logan 
rivers. He has a fair education and can talk both the Indian 
and English languages. 

Alexander Payer— Was born March 18. 1820. at Mil- 
waukee Wisconsin. Moved to Nebraska with the Winnebago 
Indians and has acte<i as U. S. Indian interpreter, captam of 
police and held various other offices at the WinneLago Agency. 
Has a fair education— talks both Indian and English. Is a good 
carpenter by trade. Now living on a farm near the agency. Was 
one of the judges of election in 1889 for Winnebago precinct. 

"THE LOGAN war." 

In order to protect themselves against ^'ont-side 
claim jumpers" the pioneers organized claim clubs, one 
at Omadi and one at Logan. In the sprino: of 1857 
there was a difhcnlty at Logan, growing out of a claim 
contest. Joseph Conley had jumped another man's 
claim and on the 16th. of April the quarrel reached to 
something like a riot — Conley was l)esieged in a bouse 
guarded by Harlon Baird, John W. Virden, Alfred Elam 



"the LOGAN WAR." 101) 

:iiid otliers, who were iiiarchiiigai-onnd the buildino- wit'i 
their gniiS. Some time previous to this, during tl.t' 
<l:vy, a few shots were ti)'ed by each side in whicdi Josepii 
Conley was shot in tlie slioulder, and by evening, things 
assumed a war like appearance. The Omadi club was 
appealed to, to quell the disturbance, late in the night, 
and in less than an hour thirty armed n)en vvei-'j march, 
ing through the darkness to tlie scene of the conflict, 
•led by the courageous Deputy Sheriff, Tom Jvyan. It 
was aftei- midnight when they halted at the Chihuahua 
House in Dakota City, where Col. Bates was indulgiuii' 
in his tirst sleep in Dakota county. lie was aroused 
from his slumbers, and looking out of the second stoi-y 
window he be'neld the war-like scenes below, and won- 
dered what kind of a country he had gotten into, where 
armed men met in such boisterous conclave in the dark- 
ness of the night. In that mass of defiant faces he saw 
(Jeo. T. Woods. A. li. Baker, Henry Ream. ]\[oses 
Ivreps, Jolin Taffe, John B. Arteaux, Jacob Rallock, 
Tom Ryan, Robert Alexander, Charley Morse, Abra- 
ham liirsch and W. C. JMcBeath. Here the sheriff, 
Geo. W. Williamson took charge ot the '-warriors" and 
;j^ave the command, '"forward," and they hurried away 
to Logan, arriving tliere just as the first rays of light 
were peeping over the eastern hills. At first the rioters 
showed signs of resistance, but the brave and fearless 
sheriff, knowing the flghting qualities of his supporters 
demanded peace and ordereJ Conley turned over to him. 
which was immediately complied with. Thus quiet was 
restored without bloodshed, and the prisoner taken to 
Omadi for pi-otection. 



CHAPTER IX, 



Population. 



In 1854 tliere was not a single white settler in 
what is now Dakota county; the wild animals roanjecl 
with freedom over the prairies; the winding streams 
conrsed down to the rivers unobstrncted by the hand of 
man, and thesnn shone npon a primeval land. The 
following figures show the growth of population since 
1855: 

1876 3006 

1877 3192 

1878 3107 

1879 3108 

188U 3210 

1890 5599 

The census of 1890 divides the population in the 
diflt'erent precincts as follows: Dakota 1,677, Cov- 
ington 1,028; St. John's 076; Emerson 434; Oinadi 
1,028; Hubbard 385; Pi i^eon creek 359; and Summit 
399. 



1855 


86 


1856 . . 


646 


1860 

1869 


819 

1598 


1870 


..2040 


1874 


2759 



CHAPTER X 



Crime and Casualtie!^. 



There have been very few tragic deaths within the 
borders of Dakota .county, conipai'ed with those of other 
localities. The first death ot a white person here was that 
of Mrs. Adam Benners, who Jived m the northwestern 
pai't of the counry. It was in the summer of 1855, 
dui-jng Mr Benners absence, three Ponca Indians en- 
tei-ed their house and ransacked it generally, frighten- 
inij' Mrs. Benners to such an extent that she died in a 
short time afterwards. 

In Aug. 1856 Moses Bacon, a brother of J. M. 
Bacon, formerly of Sioux City, Iowa, was drowned 
while attempting to cross the Missouri to Covington in 
H small boat, whiclr ran upon a snag and was capsized. 

William Tucker came to Dakota county in 185b 
and took a claim which is now Thos. Ashford's 
ineadow. In the spring of 1858 he was killed in the 
Omadi saw mill by being caught in a belt and * carried 
around between it and the Hy wheel. , A. H. Baker 
and J. II. Bliven were eye vvitnessess to this sad 
accident. 

John Fitzpatrick was shot by Geo.Gi-iffey in a saloon 
at Covington in Aug, 1857- They were quarreling about 
;i claim at the time. Fitzpatrick died almost instantly. 

John Murdick was drowned in a well in Omadi pre- 
cinct August 22, 1868. 

John Dunn, a nephew of Patrick Monahau, was 



112 warnee's history of dako'ja county. 

drowned while bathing in Crystal Lake, August 15, 
1871. 

xArchey Peasley was drowned in u freshet on Elk 
Creek, while trying to save a bridge, in June, 1874. 

A ten year old son of Geo. E. Ironsides was 
drowned in the Missouri at Covington, July 6, 1874. 

James E, Kemper was struck by lightning and 
instantly killed on a sand bar at Covington, March 20, 
1878. A man was killed by lightning on the same 
spot, eight years before. 

Henry Mellon came to his death by sunstroke, July 
13, 1878, a few miles west of Jackson. 

Domonick Beilinski shot and killed Jim Harris, 
a Winnebago Indian, whom he claimed was cutting a 
tree on his land, in January. 1878- Beilinski 
'•jumped his bail" and his whereabouts is yet unknown. 

October 12, 1878, Wiley, a 15 year old son of 
(^liristopher Irwin accidently shot himself, while hunt- 
ing along Crystal Lake. 

Thomas Hardin, a Winnebago Indian was killed 
while drunk, by a load of merchandise which he was 
hauling to the Winnebago Agency, upsetting and fall- 
ing upon him, in the western part of tlie county, 
August 23, 1879. 

.L B. Hoyt fell from a scalibld, while working on 
a granary for Jacob Heikes, and died October 19, 1879. 

Michael Dorsey was shot and killed at Jackson, by 
Patrick Boyle, February 5, 1880. Boyle was cleared 
on the grounds of self defense. 

Mrs. Rev. Hays was killed on Fiddler's Creek near 
Louis Blessing's place. May 1, 1880, by being thrown 
from a wagon." 

May 8, 1880, Eddie and Howard, two sons of Mr. 
and Mrs. Wm. Cheney were drowned in Crystal Lake. 
This is one of the saddest events that ever occured in 
the county. 

Emma Biggs jumped from the feii-y boat at Cov- 
ington, July 14, 1880, and was drowned. 



CRIME AKD CASUALTIES. 118 

William Cniiiiinghaui was drowned near Coving- 
ton in the high water of April, 1881- 

William Hull shot and killed himself in a ravine 
south-east of Homer, in the winter of 1881- 

Clinton Norris was shot and killed in the Chas, 
Curtis drug store, in Homer, January 3, 1887, by 
Newton Purdy, wlio was tried and sentenced to serve 
a term in the penitentiary, hut being granted a new 
trial was cleared on the grounds of self defense. 

Henry Herweij: was drowned in the Missouri river, 
below Dakota City, April 5, 1889. He had gone hunt- 
ing across the river, in company with M. O. Ayres and 
Will C. Dibble, and had shot a goose, which he wats 
endeavoring to reach when the skiff was capsized 
This sad accident cast a shadow of sorrow over the en- 
tire county. The body was afterwards found and 
interred in St. Mary's cemetery, near Homer. 

Mat League was shot and killed by John Severson 
in Jackson, December 22, 1888. Severson was cleared 
of the charge of murder on the plea of self defense. 

September 13, 1888, William Crone died at the 
Court house in Dakota City, from the effect of poison- 
ed whisky. 

Fi-ankie, an eight year old son of Mr. and Mi's. 
Lucia was run over by the cars at South Sioux City, 
and died the next day, July 12, 1889. 

Mrs. Ludwig Kipper cut her throat at her home 
near Homer, and died August 25, 1888. Ill health 
was the cause. 

December 15, 1889, El Erwin was stabbed and 
killed in a saloon at Covington, by James Toohey. He 
was tried and convicted of manslaughter, at Dakota 
City. Septeml)er 27. 1890 and sentenced to two years 
in the penitentiary. 

Miss Elizabeth Lapsley, who came to Dakota 
county with her parents in 1870, while in company 
with otiier members of the family, was accidentally 
killed by an engine while they were crossing the rail-- 



114 Warner's history of Dakota county. 

i-o!ul tracks in the eastern part of Sioux City, Iowa, on 
November 29. 1890. 

Christian Jaeohson, a young tanner twenty-two 
years of age, son of C. Jacobson, was killed, May 22, 
1891. supposed to have been kicked by one of tlie 
horsies while doing the chores on his father's farm 
nortli of Homer. 

Will Kelsey came to Dakota county in 1886, was 
drowned in Omaha creek, August 20, 1891. 

Edward Bankoski was killed on the --Island" Api-il 
27, 189], by being thrown fi-om a wngon as he was re- 
turning from Sioux City to his home in Brusliy Bend. 

P. J. Keeffe was run over by a steam threshing 
machine in St. Johns precinct, September 24, 1891, 
and died from the effect of the same, two days later. 

The Homer State Bank was robbed of 31,500 on 
tlie night of October 31, 1891, Herman Freese being 
cashier at the time. There was iio clue as to who did 
the i-obbing. The county conjinissioners offered a i-e- 
ward of ,^20C for the ari-est of the robbers. 



r 



,^-3,.Y"j1 



CHAPTER XI. 



FlKEt^ 



Dakota Count)' has siiiiered more from prairie tires 
than any otlier kind. Years ago when the county was 
sparsely settled the ravage of tlie prairie fire was 
indeed, appalling, as it went sweeping over the land 
uninterrupted, burning the lonely pioneers out of 
•'house and home," and almost devastating the reo-ion 
over which it passed. ^^ 

Probably the greatest prairie fire since the advent 
ot the pioneers to Dakota county was in the fall of 
1867. A strong wind was screeching down from the 
northwest and darkness had just settled upon the land 
when the people of the ]VIissouri bottom and Dakota 
City were startled at a great mass of flames rolling over 
the hills between Pigeon Creek and Jackson. In a 
few minutes later the fire dashed down upon the bot- 
tom, over the swamp which was covered with grass 
more than ten feet high. At this time the crash of 
the flames resembled the roar of distant thunder and 
the earth and sky was grandly illuminated,it was almost 
as light as day at Dakota City. In less than thirty min- 
utes the fearful fire had reached the Omaha creek at 
the old Rathbun place, burning everything that came 
111 Its way— many horses, cattle and hogs were burned 
to death. The next day a wind set in from the south and 
carried the fire north through Dakota City and through 
the dense timber then standing between that town and 
Covington, doing great damage. 



116 AVAKKKK't^ HJlJTOHy OF DAIXiTA CdU^'JY. 

A. II. ]^akei-"s residence was burned, in Oniadi, 
in 1S58 with all Ins bonsehold goods. They had been 
out attending a party and relurned jnst in time to see 
their home destroyed. 

Tiie Dakota City E*ottei-y, which stood on the 
river bank at that place, was totally destroyed by lire 
March 28, 1861. 

In 1865 John Montgomery occupied a house in 
Dakota City as a barn for his horses. wJiich stood on 
the north side of Br(,)adway. and had formei'ly been 
used as a residence. Dni-iuLi;' the year it csuglit lire 
and w^as l)urned, destroying;' two valuable horses l>eloug- 
ing to Mr. Montgomery, 

In the winter of 1868, Jotichini Cesterlin^'s resi- 
dence, which stood on tlie corner of Hickory and 15th 
street, in Dakota City, was burned to the ground. This 
building was the old Rouleaux liouse moved from 
Oniadl. 

The next night aftei- the l)ui'ning of the Oester- 
ling house, the old log Chihiialiiia IJcuse, wliich was 
occup'ed by Mrs. Peter Goodhue Mas burne(i. It stood 
on Broadway west of w^iere is located the present Court 
House. 

On the 26th of November 1870 the old Eush, 
school house in the Meridian district which was made 
of logs in 1858, was destroyed by lire. It st(»od on the 
tract of land just west of Geo. Learner's place. Sam- 
uel Gamble taught the first scliool in this building, 

E. D. Ayres' saw mill in Brushy Bend togethei- 
with 40,000 feet of lumber was burned Sept. 2,^1871. 

On the 7th of May, 1871, Dakota City experi- 
enced one of the most destructive liies that ever 
occurred in Dakota county. Thei-e were four estab 
hshments burned, — C. F. Eckhart's store on the corner 
of Broadway and 14th street, and John Rhode's shoe 
shop, Jake Mikeseli's store, David Bales' harnets shop, 
all west of Eckhart's store and in same block. The 



FIRES. 117 

Are originated in Mikesell's store. 

A large prairie fire passed over the western part of 
tlie county April 14, 1873, burning up W. H. Way's 
home, gr;iin and hay, on Elk creek. 

The Ogden House, situated on tlie corner of Wal- 
nut and 15th street was completely destroyed by fire, 
March 14, 1876. Loss ^6,000, insurance ^4,000. This 
was the old Wm. Lockwood building, erected in 1858. 

Briton Willis' large two story house on his farm in 
Brusliy Bend was destroyed by fire March 27, 1876. 
This was the John Virden house moved from old Logan. 

Feb. 20, 1880, the store room of M. P. Ahern and 
a saloon were burned at Jackson. 

The residence of James Conners, and saloon occu- 
pied l)y Michael Kenneliy were burned at Jackson, July 
28, 1884. 

The SalcMi Evangelical Lutheran church, sitnated 
three miles directly west of Dakota City was struck by 
lightning and burned to ashes, Aug. 6, 1886- Another 
church was immediately erected on the same site. 

The greatest fire, in loss of buildings, occured Jan. 
30, 1890, in Stanton, where seven saloons, restaurant, 
etc., were burned to the ground. Total loss, about 
$40,000. with some insurance. 

A fire broke out in Jackson at 1 o'clock Tuesday 
morning, December 30, 1892, in the merchandise store 
of Thomas Clark, burning it and an adjacent building, 
owned by Thomas Hartnett and occupied by Peter 
Gauthier with a small stock of dry goods and a res- 
taurant in connection. Mr. Clark's goods were all con- 
sumed, but Mr. Gauthier's goods were carried into the 
street. The damage done, including the buildings and 
goods, is estimated at a})out $2,000, with a light insur- 
ance. 

The law ofhce of Jay & Beck was burned at Da- 
kota City, July 15, 1891. 

The •'Fashion Theatre'' and William Leech's sa- 
loon Iniilding were burned in Covington, January 18, 



lis WARNTKk'o history of DAKOTA COUNTV. 

1892. 

John Sides lost his barn, horses, hay, etc. by tire 
in the fall of 1888, The origin of the tire vras clouded 
in mystery. 

The Brnshy Bend school house was burned January 
21, 1893. 

On Monday night June 5, 1898, tiie jaii building. 
or calaboose, at Jackson wa^ burned, supposed to have 
been of incendiary origin. 




IJl.VUnKi LAK; 



CHAPTER XII. 



Great Stoems and Blizzards. 



The memorable cold and stormy winter of '56 and 
'57 xvill never be forgotten by Dakota county pioneers. 
For forty days the thermometer did not register above 
the freezing point, and the snow stood four feet deep on 
the level. ^ 

""On New Year's day, 1864, a violent blizzard swept 
over the entire western country, continuing three days. 
The Civil War was then in progress, and what few pio- 
neers remained here suffered intensely, as did stock of 
all kinds. 

A severe blizzard began at 2 o'clock p. m. on Sun- 
day, March 12, 1870, and continued seventy-two hours 
without cessation. The wind blew with a terrific fury 
and the air was tilled with a blinding mass of snow. 

On the 9th and lOtli of May, 1870, a great snow 
storm prevailed throughout this part of the country. 
Enough snow fell to make sleighing good. 

A great blizzard swept over Dakota county and ad- 
jacent country, begining on Nov. 18, 1871, and continu- 
ing with a fury, such as was never before witnessed by 
tlie pioneers. There was intense suffering among the 
people as well as stock of all kinds. On the hrst day of 
the storm William Hunter was frozen to death while 



12C Warner's history of Dakota county. 

returning to the Logan valley with a load of wood, 
Harrison Allen and Albert S. Miner who were in com- 
pany with Hunter were also badly frozen, but not fa- 
tally. 

The morning of January 8, 1872, was pleasant and 
mild, the snow was melting in the warm sunshine, and 
the people everywhere were working with coats off — but 
at lU o'clock a. m., in an instant without the least warn- 
ing the wind swept down from the northwest, and the 
ground was soon covered with drifting snow. The ther- 
mometei' fell fifteen degrees in ten minutes, and an old 
man named Austin was frozen to death on tlie Looan 
river. 

April 14, 1873, a blizzard passed over Nebraska, 
but was not as severe in Dakota county as it was fur- 
ther west, wdiere the people suffered intensely and a 
large amount of stock perished. 

Dakota county was visited by a severe blizzard 
Feb. 23, 1875, in which Sabin Bailey lost his life in 
trying to reach his home on Pigeoji creek. He had 
been to Jackson to get his horses sliod, when he lost 
his way and was found frozen to death the next morn- 
ing. The roads in many places were impassable. 

The winter of 1880 and '81 will be remembered 
in this locality for many years by the inhabitants. Dur- 
ing that winter eight feet of snow fell and the ground 
everywhere was covered to the depth of four feet, roads 
in many places were abandoned, many lives were lost in 
.the west, stock by the hundreds were frozen to deatli 
and in the spring break-up all the low lands were 
flooded, bridges carried away, and a vast amount of 
property destroyed. The first snow storm occured Oct. 
15, 1881, and up to the 1st of May following snuw could 
he seen in the ravines of the bluffs. 

June 6, 1881, the southern part of the county was 
swept by a severe wind and hail storm, demoralizing 
crops, and doing considerable damage to buildings, 
wind mills, etc. 



GREAT STORMS AKD BLIZZARDS. 



121 



A great wind and hail storm passed over Dakota 
county from the northwest, June 14, 1885. Davy t'c 
Earry's store in Jackson was overturned, fronts of Lnild- 
iiigs blown in, and barns, wind mills and other bnild- 
ings torn to pieces. The smoke stacks, cabin and pilot 
house of the ferry boat. Andrew S. Bennett wei'c blown 
off, and crops o^reatly damaged. 

Jan. 12, 1888, one of the greatest blizzards ever 
seen in the west swept over the country. The inhabi- 
tants were taken by surprise. All day a mild soutli 
wind wafted the lai'ge soft snow flakes gently to the 
ground, until about 4 p. m. when all of a sudden a icr- 
I'ilic northwest wind tilled all the air M'ith a seething 
mass of snow. People blinded by the whii'ling snow 
lost their way and many perished in the storm. But 
not a life was lost in Dakota county. People arc now 
too well protected by groves for the storms to do much 
dam acre. 




CHAPTER XIII 



-Public Schools. 



As has been stated the lirst school taught in 
Dakota county was by Miss Putnam, in Omadi, about 
the middle of April, 1857, and a week later Miss 
Rosana Clark began a school in St. Johns. The tii-st 
schools were all carried on by subscriptions. 

There are thirty-seven districts in the county with 
good substantial school houses in each one. 

As near as can be ascertained the teachers of the 
county from 1857 to the present time were: 

EARLIEST TEACHERS. 

Mary De Borde 
Mrs. Caroline Ogg 
Maggie McCready 
Simon De Witt 
II, H. Brown 



Miss Putnam 
Rasana Clark 
Ottie Marsh 
Mary Pinkerton 
Mrs. L. G. Packard 
Mrs. Joseph Bradbrary 
Edward Arnold 
Wm. H. Ceilings 
Phoebe Wigle 
Maria Parsons 
G. W. Wilkinson 
Jnlia Nash 
Johannah O'Brien 
Z. B. Turman 
Samuel Gamble 



Mary Ann Boyle 
Jeremiah Lucy 
Samuel Williamson 
Jennie Pierce 
Octavia Mershon 
Mary F. Jones 
Etta Mershon 
Sarah Wilson 
Wm. Holsworth 
Charles H. Potter 



PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 



123 



OTHER 

Adair, Lizzie 
Ashford, Mary 
Adair, Clara 
Ashford, Maggie 
Adair, Mattie 
A.rmour, William 
Abell, Mrs. O. N. 
Ashford, John 
Allen, Amelia 
Abell, Otis N. 
Adams, Chas. 
Armour, Nettie 
Antrim, Edward 
Adair, Mamie 
Alcock, J. A. 
Ayres, Florence 
Allen, Bessie 
Anderson, Lydia 
Beechan, A. H. 
Burds, Mrs. E. C. 
"Bliven, Anna 
Boyle, Patrick 
Biggs, Anna 
Bridenbavigh, John 
Baird, Emma 
Bille, Geo. C. 
Bates, Jennie 
Blanchard, Jennie 
Barrett, Mrs. Ada 
Baker, Mollie 
Baker, Nellie 
Barber, Chas. 
Baird, Bessie 
Benton, Minnie 
Bauer, R. C. 
Brannaman, Thena 
Brower, Ollie N. 
Bates, Edith 
Barnes, R. P. 
Bridenbaugli, Benjamin 
Biggs, Emma 
Barry, Kate 
Burns. J. ti. 
Bashor, Chas. H. 
Brill, Emma 
Bartlett, Wm. T. 
Bridenbaugh, Wm. 
Buddie, Chas. A. 



TEACHERS. 

Buttler, Ida 
Brannaman, Perry 
Buttler, Sadie 
Brown, Ella 
Buckley, J. S. 
Carpenter, Alta 
Campbell, J. A. 
Campbell, Wm. 
Commerford, Mat. C. 
Clapp, William 
Covell, J. H. B. 
Cole, A. D. 
Cullen, Katie 
Campbell, Lucy J. 
Cowles, Matie 
Conley, Donnie 
Cullen, Thomas 
Cord, Minnie 
Christopherson, Christina 
Crawford, Mrs. R. B. 
Cole, Mrs. A. D. 
Carroll, S. E. 
Clai7,Ellen 
Cuppett, Milf(jrd, 
Carney, Mary 
Cain, John 
Dillon, Gerald 
De La Matyr, U. H. 
Drake, C. M. 
Davey, Frank 
Dow, Minnie 
De Long, Jennie 
Duggan, Kate 
De Long, Lucy 
De Zell, Addie 
De Long, Edward 
Dennis, Mrs. J. W. 
Downs, F. 11. 
Delaney, Laura A. 
Dickinson, Eva 
D'Neut, George 
Davis, Winnie 
Dorn, Lillie 
Daley, Sarah K. 
Daley, Mattie 
Engelean, EflSe 
Engelean, Jennie 
Elcock, Mary 



124 



WARNER S HISTORY OF DAKOTA COUNTY. 



Brucly, Celin 

Hlessing, Anna 

Crawford, R. B. 

Coats, C. C. 

Clark, Joseph 

Collins, John 

Eiiach, Sarah 

Ford, Charley 

Fair, Kate 

Fair, Ella 

Fair, George U. 

Fisher, Myra 

Fair, Gertrude 

Fair, Helen 

Finnerty, Maggie 

Franciscns, H. A. 

Flint, S. N. 

Fair, Lem 

Finnerty, Dennis 

Fair, Porter 

Fegley, Laura 

Frazier, Mrs. A. E. 

Fowler, Mamie 

Fales, F. D. 
Goodhue, Sarah 
George, Martin 

(ireter, Mrs. E. P. 
George, Mary E. 
Gribble, Lizzie 
Godfrey, Rose 
Graves, Guv T. 
(Jilliiand, D. W. 
Gribble, Josie 
Graves. Stella 
Gaughran, John 
Goble, A. L. 
Greenwood, Lucy 
Gallagher, Rose 
Gillen, Mary N. 
ilall, Edward P. 
Hirsch, Luella 
Horn, Lucretia 
Hileman, Kate 
Hager, Rose 
Hager, Anna 
Hamilton, Belle 
Hamilton, Blanche 
Haase, Lizzie 
Hibbs, Ina 



Elcock, Anna 

Eckhart, Ida 

Eckhart, Clara 

Ellis, Cora 

Eckhart, Wm. 

Erlach L. 

Hall, Joseph 

Hoyt, Zula 

Hunt, Emma 

Holmes, Samuel 

Hogan, Agnes 

Herb, George 

Hunt, Kittie 

Hoover, Malinda 

Heikes, S. A. 

Howard, Mary 
■Howard, Mattie 

Haupt, J. C. 

Jones, J. L 

Jones, Rose W. 
Jones, Lillian 
Joyce, Clara 
' Joyce, Mina 

Jones, Sarah 
Johnson, Mary 
Jones, Mary 
Jester, J. 1. 
Kennedy, Daniel 
Keel, Mary 
Kingsbury, A. G. 
ICuhn, L. J. 
I^napp, Mrs. Geo. A. 

Kinnear, Eva 
Knapp, Daniel. 
Knox, Rebecca 
Kennelly, Josie 
I'Cennelly, Anna 

King, Thomas J. 
Kramer, A. J. 
Knox, Mamie 
Krygger, Lei ah 
Leamer, Fremont 
Learner, Jessie 
Lapsley, Eliza 
Leffingwell, Cora 
Lake, Hattie 
Mitchell, Elmira 
McNeal, Andrew 
Martin, Ella 



PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 



125 



Morgan, "W. A. 
Monahan, Mary 
Matthews, A. 
McHenery, Ella 
McHenery, Katie 
MeCune, J. G. 
March, Flora 
McQuilkiii, Mattie • 
Manning, Nettie 
Martin, Millie 
Moriarity, Minnie 
Moriarity, Nellie 
Marquess, W. B. 
McShane, Allie 
McK;inney, Nellie 
Mikesell, S. P. 
Manning, Willis 
Manning, Mary 
Mallory, M. B. 
McCnrdy, Nellie 
Monfort, Mary 
Marqness, Maggie 
McAfee, Philo A. S. 
Mansfield, Minnie 
McDeWitt, Belle 
Muri)liY, Maggie 
McGibiion. J. H. 
McCoc.l, AV. C. 
McCool, Mattie A. 
Nicklin, Mattie 
Norman, Harry 
Nicklin, Hattie 
Naffziger, Wm. 
Neff, Mary 
Orr, Lillie 
O.Neil, Michael 
0'("(inn(ir, Jnlial 
O'Couiior, Mary 
O'Connor, Katie 
(rConnor, Lottie 
O'Neil.S. E. 
Owens, Tina 
O'Xeil, Emma 
O'Neil, Lucy 
O'Connor, Ella 
Price, Helena 
Parker, Nettie 
Pliillips, Emma 
Pri chard, Sadie 



Pinkerton, Nellie M. 
Priest, J. B. 
Phillips, Edith 
Ream, Henry 
Ream Fannie 
Ryan, Julia E. 
Rathbun, Annie 
Rathbun, Francis 
Rockwell, Minnie 
Rockwell, Ella 
Ream, Nina 
Ryan, Ella 
Roberts, Hugh 
Roberts, Alice 
Ream, Mable 
Rathbun, Irene 
Rush, Frankie 
Rogers, Lizzie 
Rock, E. M. 
Rogers, James J. 
Richmond, Belle 
Ryan. Mary Ann 
Roy, D. W. 
Rundle, Mary C. 
Rogers, Minnie 
Rutter, Retta 
Rice, W. R. 
Sale, C. E. 
Sheridan. Ella 
Stoner, Anthony 
Sloan, T. G. 
Stinson, Samuel 
Sides, John 
Smiley, Laura 
Smiley, Eva 
Shanklin, Hattie 
Smith, Jettie 
Sullivan, Mary 
Smitli, Elmer'E. 
Stamm, Elias 
Stamm, Fern 
Senter, Gertrude 
Savage, E. 
Stinson, Ida 
Sabin. A. I. 
Thomas, H. C. 
Trinkler. Maggie 
Warner, Nellie 
Warner, Alice 



126 



WARNER S HI8TOBY OF DAKOTA OOUNTY. 



Warner, Horace 
Way,C. B. 
Wilson, W. S. 
Wliiteborn, Emma F 
Wilbur, Emma 
Wilson. Madge 
Woodward, Etta O. 
Winkhaus, Lizzie 
Winkhaus, Mary 
Warner, William 
Warner. Emma 
Wood. D. H. 
Way, Hettie 



Waldvogle, Lena 
Wellington, Effle 
Wilbur, Eugene B. 
Welly, Henry J. 
Wigle, Emma 
Way, Lizzie 
West, Miriam 
Wright, Lettie 
Webster, Mrs. O. 
Young, C. Y. 
Zimmerman, Minnie 
Zimmerman, Ada 
Zimmerman, Luther 




CHAPTER XIV. 



County Officers and Date (jf Theik Elec 



COUXTY CLERKS, 



Jacr»b H. Hallock. November* ISoG 

William G. Crawford, May 20t 1857 

John M. Gritiiu, A.ugust 3* 1857 

lames W. Virtue, August 2 1858 

James W Virtue, October 11 1859 

James W. Virtue. October 8* 1851 

i^eorge 1^. UraiT, April 4 1863 

George B. Graff, October 13J IStJ'^ 

Jaaies Stott, October 1865 

..himes Stott. October 8 1867 

William C McJieath. October 12 1869 

William C. Mclieath, October U) 1871 

William C. Mclieath, October 11 1875 

William C Mc Keath, October 12 1875 

William C. MoBeath, November 6 1877 

William C. NJcBeath. November 4. 1879 

Henry Stott, November 8 1881 

Henry Stott, November 6 18S3 

James H. Twohig, November 3 1885 

James i'. Twohig, November 8 188J 

•James r Twohig, November 5 1889 

T. V. I'.ranuan, November 3'i 1891 



^Resigned May 2i\ 1857. Resigned April 5, 1858. Resigned, 
t Appointed by Commissioners. 
JSpecial election (clerk and' register.) 
k Term expires January 4, J 894. 



128 Warner's history of Dakota county, 



COUNTY TREASURERS. 

William Young, November 1856 

Charles Young, August 3* 1 857 

Barnabas Bates, November 6t 1857 

George A. Hinsdale. November 30J 1857 

Dr. M. Pinkerton. October 11 1859 

John McCarthy, October 8 1861 

John McCarthy, October 13^ 1863 

William Adaii-, May 9t 1864 

William Adair, October 10 1864 

William Adair, October 1865 

William Adair, October 8 1867 

Enos Keel, October 12 1869 

Enos Keel, October 10|| 1871 

William Adair, October .7t • • • ■ 1873 

Pius Neff, October 14 1873 

Pius Neff, October 12 1875 

Dr. G. W. Wilkinson, November 6 1877 

Dr. G. W. Wilkinson, November 4 1879 

Pius NefiE, November 8 1881 

Pius Neff, November 6 1883 

Dr. G. W. Wilkinson, November 3 18.^5 

Dr. G . W. Wilkinson. November 8 1887 

Cornelius J. O'Connor, November 5 1889 

Cornelius J. O'Connor, November 3Tf 1891 



^Resigned November 6, 1857. 

t Appointed by County Commissioners. 

JSpecial election. 

^Removed May 9, 1864. 

lIDied October 2, 1873. 

TJTerm expires January 4, 1894. 



COUNTY SHERIFFS. 



George W. Williamson. November 1856 

Thomas C. Rvan. August 3 1857 

Edwin R. Nash, October 11 . . . 1859 

Henry Ream, October 8 1861 

Samuel Gamble, October 13 1863 

Samuel Gamble, October* 1865 

Briton Willis, July 2t 1866 

M. Hnkerton, October 9 1866 

Benjamin F. Chambers, October 8 1867 

Benjamin F. Chambers, October 12 1869 

Benjamin F. Cliambers, October 10 1871 

Nicolas Maher, October 14 1873, 



COUNTY OFFICERS. 12U 

Nicolas Malier, October 13 187o 

Nicolas Mailer, November 6 1877 

Nicolas Maher. November 4 1879 

Thomas 0. liaird. November 8 1881 

William P. Rathbun, November 6 1883 

William P. Rathbun. November 3 1885 

Nicolas BrasHeld, November 8 1887 

William H Ryan. November 5 1889 

William H. Ryan, November 8% 1891 

^Resigned .luly 2, 1866. 

t Appointed by County Commissioners. 

X Term expires January 4, 1894. 



COUNTY JUDriES 



Chauncy A. I lorr,* fall of 185o 

Chauncy A. Horr. November 1856 

Alexander Johnson, August 3 1857 

Tiiomas T. Collier, August 2 1858 

Alexander H. Baker. October 11 1859 

Simon i>e Witt, October 8t 1861 

Jolm Naffziger . January 18J 1862 

James H. Williams, October 13 1863 

Samuel Whitehorn, October 1865 

Henry II. Wilson October 8g 1867 

William C. Mciieath. August 291J 1868 

Samuel Whitehorn. September 1811 1868 

ii. K. in-own, October 13f 1868 

Samuel Whitehorn, December 1211 1868 

Kelly W. Frazer, October 12 1869 

Kellv W. Frazer, October 10 187] 

Kell-y W. Frazer, October 14 1873 

Kelly W. Frazer. October 12 1875 

A. 1). Cole. November 6 1877 

Kelly W. Frazer, November 4 1879 

K-lly W. Frazer, November 8 1881 

I'homas ,J. King. November 6 1883 

Eugena i !. Wilbur. November 3 1885 

Eugene B. Wilbur. November 8 1887 

William P. Warner, November o 1889 

William P. Warner. November 3 1891 



*Appointed by the Governor, 

t Failed to qualify, 

JSi)ecial election. 

^Resigned August 29. 1868. 

II Appointed -refused to qualify. 

"(Appointed by Commissioners. 



30 WARNHIli'o HISTORY OF DAKOTA COUNTY. 



COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

H arlon Baird. A ugust 3* 1857 

William Ivi. Smith, i^ovember ISf 18c7 

Edward Arnold, .April 5% ISoS 

Edward Arnold, August 2 1858 

William H. Collings, October llg 1859 

Samuel Augliey, December 3J 186H 

' .John H. Maim. April 51| 1869 

Samuel Aughey . July S.J 18B9 

Charles D. Martin, October 12 1869 

Thomas .1. King, October 11 1870 

-iesse F. Warner. October 10^ 1871 

John f I . Maun. February 28J 1872 

John T. Spencer, October 8 1872 

John S. Orr. October 14tt 1878 

John T Spencer, October SJ 1875 

J . Zimmerman. October 12 1875 

J. Zimmerman. November 6 1877 

Thomas J. Sloan. November 4 1879 

Thcmas J. Sloan. November 8 1881 

A . M atthews, November 6 , 1883 

Guy T. (iraves. November 3tJ 1885 

William C Dibble, January I3j 188»> 

William C. Dibble, November 2 1886 

John I. Jones, November 8** 1887 

Ijawrence Erlach. November 6 1888 

Lav^'rence Erlach, November 5 1889 

Lue A.. Hirsch, November 3§? 1891 

VV. T. Bartlett. June 181||| 1892: 

W . T. Bartlett, November 8 189:^ 

*R3signed November 6. 1857. 
tApppointed— resigned April 5, 1858. 
I Appointed by County Commissioners. 

I From 1860 to 1868 there was a Board of School Examiners, 
instead of a County Superintendent and the following named 
persons served as examiners: William H. Collings John 
Taffa. William Adair, Thomas L. Griffey. John Joyce and 
A.McCready. The members of the board were appointed by 
the County Judge. 

II Appointed and resigned July 5, 186.9. 
ijBefused to qualify. 

ttKesigiied October 5. 1885. 
**K8signed November 1, 1888. 
JjResigned April 1. 1886. 
^.H^esigned June 18, 1892. 
nil Appointed by Supervisors. 



COUNTY OFFICERS. 131 



COUNTY SURYEYOR; 



Robert Alexander, August 3* ISi" 

Michael Gxirady. November 30t 1857 

Roljert Alexander, (.)ctober 11* 1859 

Mvron L). J offers. January 28t 1860 

Leonard Bates, October 10 1860 

Leonard Hates. October 8 1861 

Leonard Bates. January 18t 1862 

Leonard Bates, '}ctober 1865 

Samuel Aughey, October 8% 1867 

George C. Granger, January 6^ 1868 

Samuel Aughey, J uly 30§ 1869 

Samuel Aughey, October 13 1869 

John Jl . Maun, October 10 1871 

John U. Maim, October 14 1873 

John H . Maun, October 12 1875 

George C. Granger, November 6 1877 

George C. Granger. November 4 1879 

John H. Maun. November 8 1881 

Leonard liates, November 7 1882 

Alex Abell, November 6 1883 

Alex Abell, November 4 1884 

Alex Abell, November 3 1885 

Alex Abell, Novembers 1887 

George C. Granger, November 5 1889 

George C. Granger, November 3 1891 



* Resigned. 

tSpecial election. 

JFailed to qualify. 

^Appointed by County Commissioners. 



COUNTY CORONERS. 



M. Pinkerton, October 8 ] 861 

George E. Ironsides, October 14 1862 

\^an Buren i-'eriis, <^)ctober 13 1863 

liarnabas Hates. <')ctober .• 1865 

Baniaitas Bates, Octoljer 8 1867 

I'.arnabas liates. Octolier 13 1868 

lleiirv Ream, October 12* 1869 

Daviil J^,ales, April of 1870 

A. G. Manchester, October 11 1870 

Joachim Oesterling. Octol)er 10 1871 

Barnabas I'Jates, October 14 1873 

Barnabas liates, October 12 ■ 1875 

Robert Campbell, November 6 1877 



132 ^VAl^^•KK'f^ history (IK DAKOTA ( OLNIY. 

Robert Campbell, November 4 l.syy 

Robert Campbell, November 8 1N81 

Jesse Wigie November 6* 1883 

Barnabas Hates, March 29t 1884 

R)ljert Campbell, November 3 18So 

J-*.. F. S'lVtver. November 8 1887 

HariKii as hates, November 5 1889 

B. F. Sawyer, November 3 1891 

* Failed to qualify. 

tAppointed by County Commissioners 

rOTTNTY ATTORNEYS. 

William II. James. June 10* 18(51 

Thomas L. Griffey, October 18 18(51 

William H James, October 13t 1863 

Kelly W. Frazer, November 3 1 88(i 

Kelly W. Frazer, >: ovember 6J 1888 

George 11 . Fair, January 8g 1890 

J. i. McAllister, >Jovember 4 1890 

J. I. McAllister, November 8 1892 

'Ap])()inted bv County Commissioners. 
tOHice disenntiniR-d in 1N(55 until 18(58.- 
ifCounted out by Suiireme Court 
^Successfully contested 



(OU.N'IY REGISIERS 



William Pilgrim,* fall of 1855 

William Filgrim, November 1856. 

John M. Mayes. August 3i 1857 

Francis M. Vilrden, October lit 1859 



*Appointed by the (Tovernor. 

tLast Register, served till October 17, 1861. 



COUNTY COMMISSIONERS 



Alexander H. Baker, Movember 1856; 

Samuel Gamble, November 1856; 

John J. Trecy, November 185(5; 

Samuel Gamble, August 3. . . . 1857' 

Elbridge G. Jbampson. August 2t li;'5«^ 

John .1. I'recy, October 11 18oft 

Asa Uathbun, October 10 [86fli 

James O. Fisher, Oxjtober K) ...._. 18.60) 



COUNTY OFFICERS. 133 

Jesse Wigle, October 8 1861 

Daniel Diiggan, October 1-i 1862 

John Naffziger, October 13 1863 

Henry Ream, October 10 1864 

Michael Kennelly, October 1865 

John Naffziger, October 9 1866 

William 'I'aylor, October 8 1867 

Patrick Twohig, October. 13 1868 

Harnabiis Hates , October 12 1869 

Thomas Ashford, Sr.. October 1 1S7(I 

John Howard, October lOJ 1871 

(ieorge C. (Granger, October 8 1872 

Daniel C. Dibble, October 8 1872 

Josiah W. Davis, October 14 1873 

George C . Granger, October 13 1874 

John C. Gribble, October 12 187-5 

I J enry Ream. October 7 1876 

Patrick Ryan, November 6§ 1877 

John C. (Tril)ble, November 5 1878 

Henry Ream, November 4 - 1879 

John Holer, Febrnary 51] .- 1880 

John Holer, November 2 - 1880 

Engene L. Wilbur, November 8 188) 

Henry Loomis, Noveml)er 7 1882 

John lioles, November 6 1883 

William iJrown, November 4 1884 

Anthony J. Myers, November 8 1885 

Patrick Casey, November 2 1886 

William Brown, November 8 1**8T 

William Taylor. November 6 i.88« 

Michael Heacom, November 5 1889 

J . O Fisher, November 4 1890 

Nick Thyson, November 3T| 1891 

tDied 1859. 

t Failed to qualify and was appointed. 

<(i)ied .laniiary 18, 1880. 

11 Appointed to till vacancy. 

TlCommissioner system discontinued and Thysoai did not 
qualify. The last meeting of the Commissioners was held 
November 14, 1891. 



BOARD OF SUPERVISOaS. 

At the general election held ]S'oveiTilK?r 3, lf^91, 
the proposition to adopt toMnsliip organization wa*; 
!?nUiTiitted to the voters^, whicli carried l>y a large ma- 
j-oiitj. At the s.aine tijtie the tbllowiii|Li: township sn- 



134 Warner's history of uakota county. 

.pervisors were chosen, and clerks and feasnrers after- 
wards appointed: 

St. Johns.— T. J. Chirk, Supervisor; W. T. Bart- 
lett, Clerk; Ed T. Kearney, Treasurer. 

Omadi. — Geo. W. Kockwell, Supervisor; J. R. 
Kelsey. Clerk; Joseph Smitii, Treasurer. 

Dakota City. — W. P. Alteinus. Supervisor; Mell 
C. Beck, Clerk; A. T. Haase, Treasurer. 

Covington. — John N, Peyson, Supervisor; H, A. 
McCorniick, Clerk; C. D. Smiley. Treasurer. 

Pigeon Creek. — J. W. Minter, Supervisor; (xeo. 
Barnes, Clerk; Jesse Williams, Tieasurer. 

Emerson. — Nick Tliyson, Supervisor; Joseph 
Burd, Clerk; John Doran, Treasurer. 

Summit. — M. Hines, Supervisor; Dennis Hogan. 
Clerk; Michael Beacom, Treasurer. 

Hnbhard failed to elect a Supervisor, and at the 
first meeting of the Board, iVovend^er 18, 1891, Thus. 
M. Cullen was appointed for that township, witli 
Henry Cain as Clerk and James Hartnett as Treasure)-. 

Township officers for lS9'2-93 chosen by election 
November 8, 1892, and by appointment, have been: 

St. Johns. — T.J. Clark. Supervisor; M. Kenneliy. 
Clerk; M. M. Boyle, Tre;isurer. 

Omadi. — Geo. C. Bille, Supervisor; M. S. Mans- 
field and M. Mason, Clerks; James L. Blancluird and 
Asa Rathbnn, Treasui-ers. 

Dakota City. — Atlee Hart, Supervisor; John T. 
Spencer, Clerk; A. T. Haase, Treasurer. 

Covington. — S. K. Cowles, Supervisor; H. A. Mc- 
Cormick, Clerk; C. D. Smiley, Trea^urer. 

Pigeon Creek. — Patrick Sweeney, Supervisor; 
Frederick Voss, Clerk; John Sierk, Treasurer. 

Emerson. — Fred Blume, Supervisor; E. J. Smith, 
Clerk; Benjamin Bonderson, Treti.^urer. 

Summit. — M. Hines, Supervisor; W. W. Sheahan, 
Clerk; John C. Duggan and John Rush, Treasurers. 
Hubbard. — George Hayes, Supervisor ; U. G. Briden- 



PRECINCT OFFICERS. 185 

baugh and Henry Caiii, Clerks; Thomas M. ('nlleii. 
Treasurer. 



JUSTICES OF THE PEACE— OMADI PRECINCT.f 

Alexander Ford. Elbridge G. Lampson. August 3 1857 

A sa Rathbun. .John Li. Hrown, October 11 1859 

William Nixon, Alexander Ford, October 8 1861 

John U. Williams, October 14 1862 

William Nixon, Thomas Ashford, October 13 1863 

James H . Williams, October 1865 

John Smith, Sr., October 9 186« 

Cornelius (.)'Connor, John Smith, Sr., October 13 1868 

William Clapp, October 12 1869 

Charles U. Potter, William Pilgrim, October 11 1870 

Charles S. Ford, Thomas C. Clapp, October ]() 1871 

Jesse F. Warner, April 15:1: 1872 

Jesse F. Warner. Samuel A. Combs, January 9% 1873 

Martin S. ^Nlanstleld, April 7J 1874 

A.G Manchester, October 13 1874 

John Ru Sprague, John Smith, Jr., October 7 1876 

Martin S. Mansfield, John R. Sprague, November 6.. . . . 1877 

Henry Loomis, Martin S. Man sti eld, November 4 1879 

Henry Loomis^ Martin S. Mansfield, November 8 1881 

John H, Rockwell, November 7 1882 

-John H. :^. Covell, Martin S. Mansfield, November 6 1883 

M. N. ["urdy, John D. Welker, Ndvember 3 1S85 

L. M. Warner, Joseph Smith, Nt)vember 2 1886 

John R. Sprague, John D. Welker, November 8. . . 1887 

Henry Loomis, April IJ - • 1889 

John H. H. Covell, Henry Loomis, November 5'i 1889 

L. M. Warner, Mai-ch 17J 1891 

M. S. Mansfield, Seth JSarnes, November 3 1891 

tCalled Omaha Creek Precinct until April 18, 1863.. 
JAppointed by County Commissioners. 
? Henry Loomis resigned March 9, 189L 

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE— DAKOTA PRECINCT. 

.Samuel Smitht • ■ 1856 

Jesse Wigle, July 6t 1857 

•George A., ilin.sclale, October 5J 1857 

W. H-S. Hughes, Simon DeWitt, October 11 1859 

J. D. M. Crockwell, January 21 1866 

William H. James, April 2X 1860 

iBarnahas Bates. Mav 2% 1860 

:1)anielMcJ.aughlin, Jamiarv 21J ..,..- ....... 186JI 



1 36 Warner's history of Dakota coiiNTr. 

Alfred Elam, Augvistus Htiase, Octobsr 8 LS'b'l 

C. F. Mason, October ITJ 1861 

Rarnal.as Bates, 1 Jriton Willis, October 14 1SG3 

Samuel Whiteliorn, October 18 18'63 

.James Kitson, April 2% 186t> 

Simou DeWitt, Joseph Hradbrary, October 9 ISidCy 

Samuel Whitehorn, October 8 1867 

Peter Mikesell, David locals, October 13 1868 

J;avid Hoals. (October 12 18K)> 

Alexander il. Baker, Octobsr 11 1870 

Alexander H. leaker, M. Pinkerton, Octobsr 10 1871 

Samuel I. Uart, October 14 1878, 

E. A. Benedict, October 18 1874 

W. H. Jioals, John T. Spencer, October 13 1875. 

Samuel Whitehorn, John T. Spencer, November 6.. . 1877 

W. il. Boals, November 5 1878 

W. H. lioals, James L. Mitchell, November 4 !879' 

W. 11 . Hoals, November 8 1881 

John Manning, F. A. Robinson^ November & 188S. 

W. II. Boals, W. I. Broyhill, November 4 1884 

11. 1). Rogers, Fred Heerman, November 3 b'-85. 

Marcell Jaj-, June 4t 1887 

Marcell Jay, John Joyce, November 8 1887 

William Cheney, November 6 1888 

.lohn Naffziger,''W. R. iCinkead. November 5 1889' 

John Naffziger, I>. C. Stinson, November 3 ISO? 

tResigned July 6, 1857. 

t Appointed Dy Comity Cbmmissionei-s. 

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE— ST. JOHN'S PRECINCT. 



John Clark, October 14t •. 1857 

Thomas B. Coleman, August 3 1857 

Edward Arnold, October 20t 1857' 

.)(jhn McGinn, (ierakl Dillon. October 11 1859> 

.lohn McGinn, James Hums, October 8 1861 

Jolm Dennison. October 14. 1862- 

John Dennison, October 13 . . 1868" 

John Hefiernon, Jr., April 26t 1864- 

.james Burns, John Dennison, October 1865> 

John H. Maun, Mav 23t 1868: 

GiiV'dia I )illo.n, October 13 1868: 

.lames Clark, October 12 ". 1899» 

Jolui Heffernon, J. Doherty, October 11 187(b 

John Heffernon, Michael Kennelly, October 10 1871 

Michael Kennelly, October 14 1878; 

P. IJ . Hoyle, October 13 1874- 

John M Davy ,P. H. Boyle,_ October 12 1875 



I'RECINCT OFFICERS. 137 

Michael Kennelly, October 7, 1876 

P. EI. iioyle, William Hedges, JSIovember 6 1877 

John liooney, P. H. Boyle, November 4 1879 

John Rooney, Daniel C. Heffernon, November 8 1881 

Edward Ryan, Daniel C. Heffernon, November 6 1883 

Michael Kennelly, D. H. Woods, November 4 1884 

James B. Eby. Daniel C. Heffernon, Novembers 1885 

Oerald Dillon, William A. Nead, November 8 1887 

Michael Kennelly, July 7t 18;88 

Michael Kennelly, November 6 1888 

William T. Bartlett, A pril lOf 1889 

Michael Kennelly, William T. Bartlett, November 5. . . . 1889 
Michael Kennelly, William T. Bartlett, November 3 . . . 1891 

t Appointed by County Commissioners. 

JUSTICES OP THE PEACE— COVINGTON PRECINCT . 

Charles D. Martin, June 13t 1859 

William W. Seaton, Alex McCartney, October 11 1859 

James Stott, Patrick Dorsey, October 8 1861 

James Stott, October 13' 1863 

Thomas Barrett, October 10 .... , 1864 

Fred L. Clark, October 9 1866 

Fred L. Clark, October 8 186'7 

■(jleorge E. Ironsides., John Cavamaugh, October 13.. 1868 

^Teorge E. Ironsides, October 12 1869 

J. H. Northup, October 11 1870 

A. G. Manchester, J. B. Johnson, October 10 1871 

•George E. Ironsides, lanuary 9t 1872 

W. R Bowman, July If 1873 

(.. M. Hubbard, October 14J , 1873 

E. E. Parker, January 7t 1874 

E. E. Parker, Isaac Powers, Sr., October 13 1874 

•E. E. Parker, George E. Ironsides, October 13 1875 

E. E. Parker. E. K. Webb, November 6 1877 

'C . Irwiu. November 4 ...:... 1879 

E. E. Parker. November 8 ... 1881 

.John A. Williams, November 8 1881 

James Slagle, February l«t • • - ■ 1882 

.M Fague, John A Williams, November 6 1883 

James Slagle, C. Irwin. November 4 1884 

John A. VVilliams, November S. 1885 

James Slagle, January 13t 1886 

John A. Williams, November 2 1886 

Jolm A. Williams, C. Irwin, November 8 1887 

W. '•'<. Ammerman, Charles Brannaman, November 5'^. 1889 

John A. Williams, September 2t 1890 

Jobu A. WilJjanis. Noyember 4> .. . , . . . J S9D 



138 waknp:r's history of Dakota county. 

N. J . McGoffln, John Jenkins, November 3 1891 

Thomas J, King, November 8 1892 

f.Vppointed by County Commissioners. 

JResigned January 6, 1874. 

^^Charles Brannaman resigned September 2, 1890. 

JUSTICES OF the PEACE— P[(iEON CREEK PRECINCT. 

John G. nibbs, October 14 187a 

liobert Campbell, C»ctober '3 1874 

Kobert Campbell, October 12 1875, 

James L Mitchell, October 12 1875. 

Robert (3ampbell, November 6 1877 

.lames Knox, November 6 1877 

James Knox, Kobert Campbell, November 4 1879» 

Robert Campbell,. November 8 1881 

James Knox, November 8 1881 

Arthur Campbell, November 6 1883. 

.lames Knox- November 4 . ... ... 1884 

William Farrell, November 4* 1884 

William A . Nead, November 3 1885 

A. A. Snrber, November 3 1885> 

William Farrell, November 2* 1886 

James Knox, November 2 ^ 1886. 

Robert Campbell, January Ut • • 1887 

A . H . Surber, November 8 1887 

James Knox, November 8 1887 

A. 11. Snrber, Novembers 1889' 

J. H^ McAfee, November 5 1889- 

James Knox, January 13t 1891 

J. H. McAfee, Johu Siei'k. November 3 1891 



* Failed to qualify. 

t Appointed by County Commissioners. 



JUSTICES OF THE PEACE— SU.MMIT PRECINCT. 

I'erry Clark, November 6 1877 

Peter McShane, November 6 1877 

Frank Tappan, November 4 1879' 

Peter McShane, November 4. 1879' 

I'eter McShane. November 8 1881 

John Dennison, November 6 1883< 

Peter Rush, November 4 1884 

Dennis Beacom, November 4.. 1884 

Peter McShane, November 3 1885^ 

John Dennison, November 3 I880.. 

Peter Bush, November 8 1887/ 



PRECINCT OFFICERS. 139 

]/awreiice Smith, November 8 1887 

T. McShane. November 5 1889 

Patrick Casey, November 5 1889 

Perry Clark. November 3 1891 

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE— MOUND, OR PENDER, PRKCINCT.* 

John G. Artliur. July 25t 1884 

Jerry Potter, July 25t 1884 

George F. Chittendon, Peter Sharp, November 2 1886 

George F. Chittendon, November 8 1887 

.}. G. Downs, November 8 1887 

* l^ender Precinct was organized into Thurston county in 
1888. 
t Appointed by County Commissioners. 

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE— HUBBARD PRECINCT. 

Thomas Jones, November 6 1883 

Peter Henry, November 4 1 884 

J. T. Leedom, November 4 1884 

John Rooney, November 3 _ 1885 

John C. Smith, November 3 1885 

John Roonev, November 8 1887 

R. D. Rockwell, November 8 1887 

lohn Rooney, Novenilier 6 1888 

John Rooney, November 5 1889 

.lohn Rooney, L. U. Smith, November 3 1891 

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE— EMERSON PRECINCT. 



Arthur Cami)bell, November 4 

Nelson Feauto, November 4 

Jesse Wigle, November 3 

Patrick H. Boyle, November 2 

\\ illiam Lippold, November 8 

Robert Campbell. November 8 

Nelson Feauto, November 6 

1. J. Fuller, November 5 

Fred lihxme, November 5 

Robert Campbell. March 18* 

Nelson Feauto, Henry Stahl. November 3. 
Robert Campbell, April 8t 



884 
884 
885 
886 
887 
887 



890 
891 
892 



^Appointed by County Commissioners, 
t Appointed by Board of Supervisors. 



140 Warner's history of Dakota county. 



COrXTY ASSESSORS. 



James Stott, January 2* 1865 

Gerald Dillon, October 9 186B 

Daniel Duggan, October 8 1867 

Simon DeWitt, October 13 1868 

Peter Myers, October 12 1869 

William Weston, October 11 1870 

William H. Clapp. October 10 1871 

Charles S. Ford, October 8 1872 

Michael Beacom, October 14 1873 

William Holsworth, October 13 1874 

Michael M. Beacom, October 10 1875 

■^Appointed by County Commissioners. 



ASSESSORS— OMADI PRECINCT. 



J acob IJ. Hallock, January 21* 1861 

Michael Kennelly . October 8 1861 

Thomas Ashford, March 14* 1868 

Thomas Ashford. October 18 1863 

Tliomas Ashford, October lOf 1864 

William Holsworth, C-ctober 7 1876 

M arion Hoffman, November 6 1877 

Walter W. Beardshere, November 5 1878 

Charles H. Potter, November 4 1879 

Charles H. Potter. November 2 1880 

William Holsworth, November 8 1881 

J. H. Rockwell, November IX 1882 

William Holsworth, November 6 1888 

Timothy J. O'Connor, November 4 1884 

John H. B. Covell, November 8 18^5 

John H. B. Covell, November 2 1886 

Charles S. Ford, November 8 1 887 

D. L. Allen, November 6J 1888 

Charles S. Ford, April 10* 1889 

Samuel Heikes, November 5 1889 

George C. Bille, November 4 1890 

George C. Bille, November 8 1891 

J. P. Rockwell, November 8 1892 

* Appointed by County Commissioners. 
tFor eleven years after this Assessors were elected by tlie 
county. 
J Failed to qualify. 



FKECINOT OFFICER? 



141 



ASSESSORS— DAKOTA PRECINCT. 



Alex McCready, January 21* IHOl 

John McQuilkin . October 8 1 861 

Herman Graff .October 14 1 863 

Henry Ream, March 14* 1863 

John Joyce. October 10 1864 

James M. Biggs, October 7 1876 

Jacob Sides, iSovember 6 '. 1877 

J ames M. liiggs, November 5 1878 

J . l\ Eckhart, November 4 . . 1879 

J acol) A. Sides, November 2 1880 

) acob A. Sides, November 8 1881 

J acob A. Sides, November 7 1882 

J acob A. Sides, November 6 1883 

Fremont Leamer, November 4 1884 

Jacob A. Sides, November 3 1885 

(isorge Barnett, November 2 1886 

U. K. Knapp, November 8 1887 

(ieorge IJarnett, November 6 1888 

William Morgan, November 5 1889 

D. E. Kuapp, November 4 1890 

A. T. Uaase. November 3 1891 

S. A. fleikes, November 8 1892 



Appointed by County Commissioners. 



ASSESSORS— ST. JOHN'S PRECINCT. 

(ierald Dillon, February 2* 1861 

Patrick O'Neil. October 8 -. 1861 

Pcxtrick O'Neil, October 14 1862 

John Heffernon, October 13 1863 

Michael Kennelly, October lOf 1864 

Frank Davy, October 7 1876 

V. 11. Boyle, November 6 1877 

I'eter llagan, November 5 1878 

James Hartnett, November 4 1879 

James Hartnett, November 2 1880 

.James Hartnett. November 8 1881 

D. J . Ryan, November 7 1882 

Gerald billon, November 6 1883 

I). J. Ryan, November 4 1884 

M. M. Bovle, November 3. I880 

M. M. Bovle, November 2 1886 

M. M. Boyle, November 8 1887 

M M. Bovle, November 6 1888 

Joseph Carney, November 5 1889 



142 Warner's history of Dakota cou>fTY. 

M. M. Boyle, November 4 189U 

J. J. Ryan. Novembers 1891 

P. F. Carney, November 8 1892 

' Apppointed by County Commissioners, 
tFor eleven years after this Assessors were elected by the 
county. 

ASSESSORS- rOVINiiTGN PRECINCT. 

Alexander McCartney, January 21* 1861 

.lames Stott, October 8 1861 

James Stott, October 14 1862 

J ames Stott, October 13 1863 

James Stott. October lOf 1864 

Joseph Clements, October 7 1876 

E. E. Tarker, November 6 1877 

H. D. Rogers, November 5 1878 

E. E. Parker, November 4 1879 

John A. Williams, November 2 1880 

James Slagle, November 8 1881 

John Jenkins, November 7 1882 

John Jenkins, November 6 1883 

John A. Williams, November 4 1884 

•fohn A . Williams, November 3 1885 

John A. Williams, November 2 1886 

John \. Williams, November 8 1887 

John A. Williams, November 6 1888 

William Ammerman, November 5 ... 1889 

Isaac Fonts, November 4t 1890 

J . H. Hurke, January 13* 1891 

J. H. Burke, November 3 1891 

J. H. Burke, November 8 1892 

*Appointed by County Commissioners. 

tFor eleven years after this Assessors were elected by the 
county. 
{Failed to qualify. 

ASSESSSORS— HUBBARD PRECINCT. 

James Hartnett, November 7 1882 

James Hartnett, November 6 1883 

James Hartnett, JNovember 4 1884 

John Collins, November 3 . — 1S85 

John Collins, No vember 2 1886 

James Hartnett, Novembers 188T 

Thomas S. J ones, November 6 1888 

Henry F. Cain. X ovember 5 188& 



PKECINCT OFFICERS. 



143 



H. F. Cain, November 4 1890 

H. F. Cain, November 3 1891 

Thomas Diiggan, November 8 1892 

ASSESSORS— PIGEON CREEK PRECINCT, 



Timothy Carrabine, October 7 1876 

H. C. Phillip, November 6 1877 

John T. Fitch, November 5 1878 

John T. Fitch, November 4 1879 

John T. Fitch, November 2 1880 

William Minter, November 8 1881 

Arthur Campbell, November 7 1882 

William Minter, November 6 1883 

James L. Mitchell, November 4 1884 

George W, Shiebley, November 3 1885 

James M. Minter, "November 2 1886 

lames M. Minter, November 8 1887 

James M, Minter, November 6 1888 

James Knox, November 5 1889 

James Knox, November 4 1890 

Asmus Thompson, November 3 1891 

Asmus Thompson, November 8 1892 

ASSESSORS— SUMMIT PRECINCT. 

Fred W. Sims, November 6 1877 

Fred W. Sims, November 5 1878 

Michael Beacom, November 4 1879 

John Dennison, November 2 1§8() 

John Dennison, November 8 1881 

John Dennison, November 7 1882 

John Dennison, November 6 1883 

John Dennison, November 4 1884 

John Dennison, November 3 1885 

John Dennison, November 2 1886 

John Dennison, November 8 1887 

Jolm Dennison, November 6 1888 

John Dennison, November 5 1889 

Jolm Dennison, November 4 . . 1890 

John Dennison, November 3 1891 

John Dennison, November 8 . . 1892 

ASSESSORS— EMERSON PRECINCT. 

W. A, Dean, November 4 1884 

Fred Blume, November 3 1885 

F. W. Lippold, November 2 1886 

Ira Dnvis, November 8 1887 



14.4 \^AK^ER> mrn h\ (I iah^aa colmy. 

.loliu L. J avis, ^.ovtmber 6 1888 

Uerruau btaik, JiJoveniber 5 1889 

Herman Stolz. November 4 1890 

Michael SchincUer, ]Sovember 3 1891 

ASSESSORS— MUUN^. OR PENDER PRliClN,J'].t 

Andrew lugie, November 3 1886 

Aaron i'onng, November 8 1887 

William Myers, November 6 1888 

tSince attaclied to Tliurston county. 



COUNTY VOTE FOR PRESIDENTS. 



Horatio Seymour, D., November 3, 1868 

U. S. virant, K., November 3, 1868 

Horace breeley, D., November 5, 1872 

U. S. Grant, K.. November 5, 1872 

Samuel J. Tiklen, D., November 7, 1876 

Rutherford H. Hayes, K., November 7, 1876. 
Winheld S. Hancock, i>., November 2, 1880. 
James A. (jarrield, R., November 2, 1880 .. 

Grover Cleveland, D., November 4, 1884 

James (i. lilaine, li., November 4, 1884 

Grover Cleveland, 1>., November 6, 1888 

Benjamin Harrison, LI., November 6, 1888.. 
Grover Cleveland, D., November 8, 1892.. . , 
Benjamin Harrison, E., November 8, 1892 . . 
J. B. Weaver, Ind., November 8, 1892 



141 
144 

104 
215 
476 
263 
386 
328 
458 
476 
895 
7U6 
171 
405 

6y- 



111 
213 



18 
189 



28 



MEMBERS OF THE TERRITORIAL LEGISLATURE. 



Samuel Watts, Dakota county, ( ., . „„.„=.„, ^sr^,,, 
Thos. B. Coleman, Dakota county, i "^^^^ session, i>o\. 
Edward C. Jones, Dak. and Cedar] 

counties, ,' ., ^ . o 

Wm. G. Crawford, Dak. and Cedar ^^^ '=''^''-' ^^"^- '^• 

counties, J 

John Taffe. Dakota, Cedar and [ 

L'Eau Qui Court, _ t 5th session, 



D. T. liramble, l^akota. Cedar 

and L'Eau Qui Court J 

George A. Hinsdale, Dak. county, 
Uaruabas Bates, Dak. county. 



Aug. 



1856 



185* 



18)8 



[6th session, Oct. 11. ISoi^t. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 145 

Wm. Lockwood, Dak. county, i 7th spssinn Ort 10 18fi(t 
Ihos, B. Coleman, Dak. county \ '^^ session, Uct. lU.... I86(t 

Cornelius O'Connor, Dak.countv ] 

Harnabas Bates Dak. county ' (. gth session, Oct. 8. ,. . 1861 

Dan'l McLaughlin (float), Dak., j ' 

Dixon and L'Eau Qui Court J 
James O. Fisher, Dak., Dixon and L'Eau Qui Court, 9th 

session, October 13 1863 

John lleffernon, Dakota county ) 

Nathan S.Porter (float). Dak., WOth session, Oct. 10.. 1864 

Dixon, Cedar & L'Eau Qui C't ) 
Cornelius O'Connor, Dak. county ) 
R. H.Wilbur (float). Dak., Dixon, V 11th session, Oct 1865 

Cedar and L,Eau Qui Court ) 
Daniel Duggan, Dakota county, 12th session. Oct. 9 1866 

STATE REPRESENTATIVES, 

Alexander H. Haker, Dak, county ) 

R. EJ. Wilbur (float). Dak., Dixon, > 1st session, June 2. . 1866 
Cedar and L'Eau Qui Court ) 

James Preston, Dak. county ) 

Benry Morton (float). Dak., [■ 2d, 3d, 4th sessions, Oct. 9 1866 
Dixon, Cedar, L'Eau Qui ) 

John Nalfziger, Dakota county, 5th, 6th, 7th sessions 
Octoberl3 1868 

James Clark, Dakota county, 8th session, October 11... . 1870 

R. H. Wilbur, Dakota and Dixon counties, 9th and 10th 
sessions, October 8 1872 

Benjamin F. Chambers, Dakota county, 11th, 12th, 13th 
sessions, October 13 1874 

John C. lleffernon, Dakota county, 14th sessson, 16th 
district, October 7 1876 

Jesse F. Warner. Dakota county, 15th session, 16th dis- 
trict, November 5 1878 

Joseph IloUman, Dakota county, 16th, 17th sessions, 
16th district. November 2 1880 

Joseph Hollman, Dakota county. 18th session, Nov. 7... 1883 

William Holsworth, Dak. county, 19th session, Nov, 4. . 1884 

Harldn liaird, Dakota cdunty, 2(»th session. Nov. 2 1886 

P. F. O'Sullivan. Dak. iiiid Cuming counties, 21st ses- 
sion, 16th district, Novendjer 6 1888 

John M. Moan. Dak., Thurston and Cuming counties, 
22d session, 16th district, November 4 189U 

R. Kloke, Dak , Thurston and Cuming counties, 23d 
session, 16th district, November 8 1892 

MEMBERS OF THE TERRITORIAL COUNCIL. 

Alfred W. Fuett, Dakota county, 3d session, Nov 1856 



146 Warner's history ok Dakota county. 

Alfred W. Puett, Dakota county, 4th session, Aug. 3. . 1857 

Wm. G. Crawford, Dak. county, 5th session, Aug. 2 1858 

Thos. 'x. Collier, Dak. county, 6th session, October 11.. . 1859 
John Taffe, Dak., Dixon, Cedar and L'Eau Qui Court, 

7th session, October 10 1860 

John Taffe, Dak., Dixon, Cedar and L'Eau Qui Court, 

8th session, October 8 186t 

A. H. Jackson, Dak Dixon, Cedar and L'Eau Qui Court, 

9th session, October 13 1863 

Thos. L. Griffey, Dak., Dixon, Cedar and L'Eau Qui 

Court, 10th session, 1st district, October 10 1864 

Thos. L. Griffey. Dak., Dixon, Cedar and L'Eau Qui 

Court, nth session, 1st district, October 1865 

Barnabas Bates, Dak., Dixon, Cedar and L'Eau Qui 

Court, 12th session, 1st district, October 9 1866 



STATE SENATORS. 

I^athan S. I'orter, Dak., Dixon. Cedar and L'Eau Qui 
Court, 1st session, June 2 1866 

Harlon Baird, Dak., Dixon, Cedar and L'Eau Qui 
Court, 2d. 8d, 4th sessions, 1st district, October 9 1866 

Nathan S. Porter, Dakota, Dixon, Cedar and L'Eau Qui 
Court, 5th, 6th, 7th sessions, 1st district, October 13... 1868 

A. W. Tennant, Dak., Stanton, Caming, Dodge, Cedcir 

and L'Eau Qui Court, 8th session, 10th dist., Oct. 11... 1870 

Jas. C. Crawford, Dak., Stanton, Cuming, Dodge, Cedar 
and L'Eau Qui Court, 9th, 10th sessions, 10th district, 
Octobers... 1872 

Alex. Bear, Dak., Stanton, Cuming, Dodge, Cedar and 
L'Eau Qui Court, 11th, 12th sessions, 10th district, 
October 13 1874 

Isaac Powers, Dakota and Burt counties, 13th, 14th ses- 
sions, 10th district, October 7 1876 

W. B. Beck, Dakota and Burt coixnties, 15th session, 
10th district, November 5 1878 

Isaac Powers, Dak. and Burt covmties, 16th, 17th ses- 
sions. 10th district, November 2 1880 

W. F. Norris, Dak., Dixon, Cedar, Knox, 18th session, 
nth district, November 7 1882 

John T. Spencer, Dak., Dixon, Cedar, Knox, 19th ses- 
sion, nth district, November 4 1884 

n. E. Bonesteel, Dak., Dixon, Cedar, Knox, 20th session, 
nth district, November 2 1886. 

I. C. Kobinson, Dak . Dixon, Cedar. Thurston, Knox, 
21st session, 8tb district, November 6 1888 

H. P. Shumway, Dak , Dixon, Cedar, Thurston, Knox, 
22d session, 8th district, November 4 1890' 

B. F. McDonald, Dak,, Dixon, Cedar, Thurston, Knox, 

23d session, 8th district, November 8 1892: 



CHAPTER XV. 



Special Offices.— Census Enumeeators.— Other, 
Elections.— District Court Judges,— Organiz- 
ing THE Precincts. 



auissioners hi 



SPECIAL offices. 

County Physieians.— Feb. 15, 1889, county Com- 
iioners appointed Dr. J. H. Brewer to this office for 
1889, resigned Sept, 10, 1889, and Dr. R. G. Hamilton 
was appointed to fill the unexpired term. 

Special County Attorneys.^March 14, 1863, A. 
H. Jackson was appointed by the county Commission- 
evA as an attorney to examine the county Treasurer's 
books. From time to time others have been appointed 
for special purposes, among whom were: Thomas L. 
Griffey, John T. Spencer, Mell C. Jay, Isaac Powers 
and J , B. Barnes. 

Special County Commissioners. — Nov. 7th,, 1864, 
the Territorial Legislature appointed Thomas L. Griffey. 
Gerald Dillon and EJenry Ream as special commission- 
■ers to ascertain the indebtedness of Dakota county,whicb 
•they found to he ^7,205.71. 

April 19th, 1S65, Thomas L. Griffey was ap- 
pointed to index the county records. 

In 1873 the county commissioners appointed J. G. 
tOgden, Daniel Duggan' and A. McCready as a board to 
iin.v.estigate the indebtedness of the county. 



148 WAK^KkV HJbTOKV OF DAKOTA CoLKTY. 

Kelly W. Frazer was appointed Deputy Clerk of 
the District Court, November 18, 18&U, and re-ap- 
pointed each year since. 

Alex Abell wms appointed May 9, 1893, by the 
Ixjard of supervisors as civil engineer to establish a 
ditch from Pigeon creek to the "swamp ditcli,'' as pe- 
titioned for by Benjamin Bridenbaugh and others. 

CENSUS ENUMERATORS. 

In 1859 Elbridge G. Lampson was appointed to 
take the census of Dakota couniy, but died before lie 
had completed the work. James W. Virtue and others, 
tinisbed it, 

Daniel Duggau was appointed to this office May 
B, 1869, and Charles H. PoUer for 188U. 

Owing to some irregularities in the Nebraska cen- 
sus for 1880, enumerators were appointed in each pre- 
cinct to rectify the mJstake. 

The enunierators for 1890 werei Dakota precinct,. 
Mrs. Mary R. MoBeath;. Omadi, A. P. Bach;. Coving- 
ton, W. H. Mitchell; St. Johns, Norman C. Brewer;. 
Hubbard, R. D. Rockwell; Summit, Kate C. Duggan;, 
l*igeon Creeks Wm. T. Bartleit;. Emerson,. Nelson 
Feanto. 

OTHEK ELKCl'lONS. 

August 2., 1857, generf)! election o-ii removal of 
county seat.— -St. Johns received 2.63, Dakota City 
260, Covington, -12, Logan 2 and Ponca 2, votes. There^ 
not being the required majority for removal the county 
seat remained at Dakota City. 

March 5, 1860, spiicial election on. s^tate go.vernment.. 
— The vote s-tood 24 for and Igg against. The meas- 
ui-e was defeated in the te-rrltory by 2,37.2 for to 2,094 
agtiinst it. 

Jane 2, 1886> special, election to- vote on the; 
adoption of the first state constitution. — The vote stood 
1C6 for and 32 against. The territorial vote was 
3,938 foi! and. 3,,83.8 against the constitution- whick 



OTHER ELECTIONS. 149 

WHS adopted by ICO Dijijoiity, and Nebraska was ad- 
mitted into the Union March 1, 1867. 

September 9, 1871, special election to vote on 
proposed new state constitution.^ — The vote stood 11 
for and 297 against. Total vote in the state was 7,986 
for and 8,627 against the constitution, which was de- 
feated. 

October 12, 1875, geneial election, at which time 
tlie present state constitution was adopted by a vote of 
S(J,202 to 5,474. The county vote was 262 for and 35 
iigainst. Isaac Powers was Dakota county's member 
to the constitutional c<^nvention, having been elected 
at a special election, April 6, 1875, receiving 118 votes 
.and his opponent, Samuel Whitehorn, 46 votes; scat- 
tering, 18. 

]Moveml>er 7, 1-882, general election.- — For woman 
suffrage iimendment to constitution^ 304; against 325. 
The amendment was defeated in tlic state. At the 
.same election there wer« 319 votes for bounty on 
■wolves, etc., and 152 against. For township organiza- 
tion, 324; against. 268. Duriiig the campaign, 
Susan B. Anthony spoke to a large audience at Dakota 
'City on "Woman's Suffrage," October 30, 187:2; also 
at Homer and Orove ^churclx, on Fiddler^s creek, the 
following daj. 

jAt the general election., November 4, 1890, the 
■vote on prohibition was: For, 874: against, 365. At 
the same election the vote on high license was.: For, 
314; agaijist, 314. 

IMSTBICT COURT JUDG-ES. 

Changes have been made from tiiite to time in 
•'this judicial district, which is at present the Seventh., 
:and its judges have been: Lorenzo Crounse, SamueJ 
Maxwell, Thomas L. Griffey, E, K. Valentine, J. B. 
Barnes, J. E. Crawford, Isaac Powers and W. F. 
jXorris. 

The .teri'i.to)'ial court tor .the Third d.istrict ,w.a>^ 



J 50 Warner's history of Dakota oouNTr. 

lield at Dakota City, and its judges were, up to tiie 
time tlie state was admitted into the Union, in 1867: 
Eieazer Wakely and William F. Lockwood. 

ORGANIZING THE PRECINCTS. 

In organizing Dakota county it was divided into 
four precincts, to-wit: Dakota, St. Johns, Coving- 
ton and Omaha Creek, the latter so called until April 
18, 1863, when the name was changed to Omadi. 

April 2, 1873, Pigeon Creek precinct was estab- 
lished. 

July 3, 1877, Summit precinct was established. 

Hubbard precinct was organized in 1882. 

July 23, 1884, Pender and Emerson precincts 
were established. 

October 23, 1888, Winnebago precinct was estab- 
lished. In organizing Thurston county Pender and 
Winnebago precincts were stricken from Dakota 
county. 

Various changes have been made in the boundary 
lines of the precincts. Their boundaries until Novem- 
ber 18, 1889, were as follows: 

Dakota Precin.ct. — Beginning where the line be- 
tween Townships 28 ai'd 29 intersects the Missouri 
river; thence west to gjuide meridian; thence north tO' 
old state boundary line to the Missouri; thence up. 
main channel to line between Sections 33 and 34,. 
Township 29, Range 8; thence south to the south west- 
corner of Section 22, Township 28, Kange 8; thence 
east to the Missouri; thence up. main channel to place 
of commencement, 

Covington Precinct. — Beginning at the northeast 
corner of Dakota precinct; thence up main channel of 
river to old state boundary line, in middle of Crystal 
lake; thence along said line to guide meridian-; thence- 
south to line between Townships 28 and 29; thence 
east to place of comuiencement. 

Omadi Precinct. — Beginning at the southwest 



ORGANIZING THE PRECINCTS. 151 

corner ot Dakota precinct; thence west to the north- 
west corner of Section 27, Township 28, Range 8; 
thence south to the northwest corner of Section 10, 
Township 27, Kange 8; thence west to northwest cor- 
ner of Ssction 8; tlience south to northwest corner of 
Section 17; thence west to northwest corner of Sec- 
tion 15., Township 27, Range 7; thence soutli to south- 
west corner of Section 15; thence south to the VVinne- 
bago reserve; thence east to Missonri river; thence up 
twain channel to place of commencement. 

St. Johns Precinct. — Beginning at the northwest 
corner of Dakota pi-ecinct; thence up main channel of 
the Missouri to middle line of Section 9, Township 29, 
Range 7; thence south to line between Townships 28 
and 29; thence west to northwest corner of Section 5, 
Township 28, Range 7; thence south to southwest cor- 
ner of Section 5; thence east to the sontheast corner of 
Section 4:, Township 28? Range 8; thence north to place 
of commencement. 

Summit Precinct. — Beo-innino; at the northwest 
corner of St. Johns precinct; thence up main channel 
of the Missouri to line between Townships 29 and 80; 
thence west to northwest corner of county; thence 
sonth to southwest corner of Section 34, Township 29, 
Range 6; thence east to middle line of Section 33, 
Township 29, Range 7; thence north to place of com- 
mencement. 

Hubbard Precinct. — Beginning at the northeast 
corner of Section 9, Township 28) Range 8; thence 
west to northwest corner of Section 8, Township 28? 
Ranoje 7; thence south to southwest corner of Section 
32; thence east to southeast corner of said section; 
thence soutli to southwest corner of Section 9, Town 
sliip 27, Range 7; thence east to southeast corner of 
Section 12; thence north to northeast corner of said 
section; thence east to the southeast 3orner of Section 
■4, Township 27, Range 8; thence north to place of com- 
mencement. 



152 wakner's history or Dakota county. 

Pigeon Creek Precincr. — Beginninar at tlie iiortli- 
east corner of Section 6, Township 28, Kange7: thence 
west to county line; thence south to southwest corner 
of Section 34, Township 28? Range 6; thence east to 
southeast corner of Section 31, Townsliip 28? Range 7; 
thence north to p'lace of commencement. 

Emerson Precinct. — Beginning at the northeast 
corner of Section 5, Township 27, Range 7; thence 
west to county line; thence south to Winnebago re- 
serve; thence east to line between Secti<ms 34 and 35, 
Township 27, Range 7; thence north to northeast cor- 
ner of Section 22; thence west to northwest corner of 
said section; thence north to northeast corner of Sec- 
tion 16; thence west to the northwest corner of snid 
section; thence north to place of commencement. 

JNovember 18, 1891, the Board of Supervisors 
changed precincts as follows: 

Dakota precinct is enlarged as follows: To take 
in all of Sections 25, 26, 27, in Township 28, Range 8. 
east, and Sections 29 and 30, in Township 28, Range 
9, east. 

Covington precinct to be enlarged as follows: To 
take in all land riorth of the 7tli standard parallel, and 
bounded as follows: Commencing at the southeast 
corner of Section 36, Township 29, Range 8, east; 
thence west to the southwest corner of Section 34; 
thence north to the Missouri river; thenco following 
the Missouri river to the southeast corner of Section 
34, Township 29. Range 9, east; thence west to place 
of commencement. 

At that time the supervisors numbered the pre- 
cincts as follows: Covington, No. 1; St. Johns, No. 
2; Summit, No. 3; Dakota, No. 4; Hubbard, No. 
5; I'igeon Creek, No. 6; Omadi, No. 7; Emerson, 
No. 8. 



CHAPTER XVI, 



Public Cemp:teries — Public Libraries — Holidays — - 
"Bottom Disease" — Lost Steamer Nugget — Base 
Ball — Camp Meetings — Berger Poor Fari«^ — Sol- 
diers' Eelief Commission — Brass Bands. 



public cemeteries. 



The first cemetery in the county was the old 
Oaiadi cemetery, situated on a sand ridge south of A. 
H. Baker's farm and east of wliere Gnstave Berger 
lives, in Section 30. Henrietta Hirsch, a daugiiter of 
Mrs, Henry Ream was the first person buried here. 

St. Johns cemetery is situated two miles north of 
Jackson, on the east line of Section 23, Township 29, 
Range 7. 

Dakota City cemetery is situated within the 
corporate limits of that town, on its northern boundary. 
The first to be buried here were Mrs, Charles Reom 
and child, L. G. Packard and a child of Geo. A. Hins- 
<lale, in 1857. The cemetery at present is enclosed 
with a good substantial fence, and' otherwise in first 
class condition. 

The Taylor cemetery is situated in the northeast 
■quarter of the northwest quarter of Sec. 34, Township 
28, Range 8, near Wm. Taylor's house, eight miles 
southwest of Dakota City, on the high bluffs, con- 
taining three acres, and deeded to the Salem Evan- 
gelical Lutheran church by William Taylor. The first 



154 "WAEKEK's IIIfeTOr.Y of VAJiCIA COIKTY. 

buried there was a cLild of William Gribble, in the 
winter of 1856. 

The Omaha Creek Yalley cemetery, formerly known 
as the Potter cemetery, is situated near the northwest 
corner of Section 25, Township 27, Eange 8, two 'miles 
south of Homer. 

Grove cemetery is located in tlue southeast corner 
of the northwest quarter of the northeast quarter of 
Section 14, Township 27, Eange 7, on fiddler's creek. 
The following officers were elected by the association. 
May 10, 1893, for a period of two years: II. F. Shull, 
treasurer; C. M. Antriu), Eobert Gurnsey, Geo. San- 
ford, John Welker and Fred Wilkins, trustees. 

St, Mary's cemetery lies less than a mile to the 
northwest of Homer, and was established in 1889. 

The Hubbard cemetery is situated on the high 
hills a short distance south of the town of Hubbard, 
and was deeded to the association by John Howard. 
The first person buried there was James Thornton, 
who died on his farm west of Hubbard. 

Green Valley cemetery, or Johnson's cemetery as 
it was formerly called, is situated on Wigle creek near 
the Johnson school house. 

PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 

There are a number of private libraries in the 
county, but as yet there are no public libi-aries, al- 
though three attempts have been made in that dir^c- 
tion,"which have entirely failed. In 1878 L. M. War- 
ner established the "Dakota County Lil)rary" in 
Omadi precinct, several hundred volumes being con- 
nected with the institution. 

In 1880 another attempt was made at Dakota 
CitY- A meeting was called for the purpose of organ- 
izing a "Library Association," October 5, and Eev. II. 
Wilson elected president; M. M. Warner, vice presi- 
dent; Will S. Jay, secretary, and Mrs. M. O. Ayres, 
treasurer. 



PUBLIC LIBE/.KIES HOLIDAYS. 155 

JRev. J. Zimmerman endeavored to create a public 
library at Dakota City in 1884, but all that remains of 
it sit present is a few books at Dr. Stinson's store. 

There was also a "Circulating Library" partially 
established at Dakota City in 1888, but it is not in the 
nature of a permanent institution. 



Fourth of July. — The first attempt at celebrating 
our nation's birthday was July 4, 1855, when a party 
of men came across the river from Sergeants Blufl: and 
planted the stars and stripes upon the subsequent site 
of old Umadi, little apprehendmo- that in less than six 
years from that date several of their number would be 
marshaling in defense of that same noble flag. 

The first regular Fourth of July celebration in 
Dakota county was held in 1857, at Logan, in the old 
house that Col. Baird afterwards moved to his farm for 
a residence. J. F. Warner read the Declaration of In- 
dependence, and William G. Crawford delivered au 
oration that fired the hearts of the pioneers with patriot- 
ism and devotion to their country, as was demonstrated 
when the great war cloud burst upon the land, A 
grand ball was held in the evening. 

In 1873, the Matrons of Husbandry organized sev- 
eral "Granges" in Dakota county, and that year held a 
great celebration at Baird's grove, at which time they 
wore their sashes and uniforms. Speeches were made 
by J. F. Warner,'D. C. Dibble, J. W. Davis and John 
Naffziger. Other enthusiastic celebrations have from 
year to year taken place at Dillon's grove, in Jackson; 
Ashford's grove, Baird's grove, Shulls' grove and Ha- 
ger's grove, and Clinton park— the two latter situated 
near Dakota City. 

Memorial Day. — Which occurs on the 30th of May 
of each year, has beeu duly observed in Dakota county 
feince the holiday was established. The graves of our 
dead heroes are annually strewn with the choicest flow- 



156 warnek's hi&tory of Dakota county. 

ers, as a fitting tribute in conitnenioration oi their 
heroic services in oor country's darkest hour. One of 
the most successful observances of this day was at the 
Dakota City Cemetery, May 30, 1884, conducted by 
the Crittenden Grand Army Post, with Rev. Carter 
chaplain; Col. J. F. Warner, commander; W. R. Kin- 
kead, corporal, and Frank 11. Ayres, adjutant. C)ne 
thousand people witnessed the ceremonies, and Mrs. 
Kelly W. Frazer read a beautiful poem entitled "The 
jS^ation's Dead/' of which the followino- is the first 



Four hmidred thousand men— 

The brave, the good, the true — 
In tangled wood, in mountain glen, 
On battle plain, in prison pen, 

Lie dead for me and you ! 
Foiir himdred thousand of the brave 
Have made our ransomed soil their grave 
For me and you! 

Good friend, for me and you! 

The Following original poem, composed by Mrs> 
Lucy Bullock, was recited in a maniier that would 
have done credit to an elocutionist by Nora Miller, a 
bright little 10-year-old girl, whose elocutionary power 
is marvelous: 

DECORATION DAY. 

Adown the sunny, dusty street 
A little child was trudging on; 
One dimpled hand a banner grasped, 
The other tilled with lilac bloom. 

"Oh, why such haste with flag and bloom, 
A crowd is coming little lass, 
With banners waving, drums abeat— 
Stay here with me and let them pass." 

"Oh. no," she cried, "my flowers may fade; 
I must be there before they come; 
On papa's grave this flag I'll place. 
And tlien I'll wait 'till they are done." 

Oh, Soldier's child! thy tender heart 
For father's sake the honor craves; 



HOLIDAYS. 157 

Assured that others bearing bloom 
Will decorate anew his grave. 

Wave, flag of freedom! 

Well thy folds were borne along to victory's heights. 

Hy heroes brave whose graves to-day 

We decorate with stai's and stripes. 

The years have passed, that flag still waves, 
A symbol grand, since slaves are free; 
And Liberty enthroned yet guards 
O'sr all the land from sea to sea. 

For long ago in springtime fair, 
Beneath that flag they marched away: 
Undaunted hearts to tight for right 
They bore their part in freedom's fray. 

Oh, Decoration Day so fair! 
AVith buds and blossoms for each tomb. 
Oil! day of days, thy sunshine bright 
Bathes every mound, dispels the gloom. 

Anew we gather where they lie. 
Each soldier "s grave is marked the same— 
One silent band where rank is naught. 
Their names are green in memory's chain. 

Brave Colonel Warner— rest! 

That flag shall wave o'er all the boys who wore the 

blue; 
Till roll-call answered one by one 
They join with j^ou the last review. 

Arbor Day. — Tin's is a day set aside for planting 
trees, originated by Hon. J. Sterling Morton, of JN'e- 
braska, in 1873, and afterward designated as a legal 
lioliday by the Legislature, and the time fixed was 
April 22, of each year. The day has been generally 
observed in Dakota county, and has greatly encouraged 
tree planting. On Arbor Day in 1889 the Dakota 
City schools planted an evergreen tree in memory of 
their departed teacher, Julia O'Connoi'. 

150TT0M DISEASE. 

In 1857 Alfred Elam lost a horse, which died of 
.-;)ii>e strariire disease. and from that time on the farmer* 



158 Warner's HISTORY of dakota county. 

on the Missouri bottom lost many valuable horses, when 
the disease became generally known as the -'Bottom 
Disease.-' The cause of this wholesale destrnction of 
horses could not be ascertained, some attributing it to 
iron in the water, and various other theories were ad- 
vanced. It was discovered that mules were not subject 
to the disease, and all the farmers procured these ani- 
mals to work on their farms. After a lapse of more 
than thirty years of the ravage of this disease. Dr. G. 
"W. Wilkmson discovered the true cause, which v/as 
from eating the "rattlebox," a plant which grows in 
the grass on the bottom, and bears a small pod contain- 
ing the poisonous seeds which destroys the horses, 
when it is fed to them with the hay. The farmers are. 
now keeping horses by feeding them straw fodder and 
hay which is cut before the rattlebox has matured. 

LOST STEAMER NUGGET. 

On January 1, 1871, Henry Ream and his sous, 
Charles and Marcellus, George Shiebley and Charley 
Martin discovered on a sandbar the wreck of the lost 
steamer, J^ugget, which sank in the Missouri river 
about live yeai^ before, at a point two miles up the 
river from the mouth of Omaha ci^eek. A company 
was formed and considerable property taken from the 
wreck, such as flonr, meat, whisky, spades, shovels, and 
other tools. The "wrecking company" was composed 
of the following members: George T. Woods, Harlon 
Baird, Gideon Warner, Henry and M, M. Ream, John. 
G. O'gden, Charley Martin, George Shiebley, George 
Bayha, Andrew Forbs, James Willis, Britton Willis- 
and Chai'ley Ream. Charley M.irtin had the misfor- 
tune to contract a severe spell of sickness from expos- 
ure to the cold while workiTig at the boat, which re- 
sulted in his loss of hearing and speech. 

BASE BALL. 

The first base ball clulj in the county was orgaiij- 



BASE BALL CAMP MEETINGS. 159 

ized at Dakota City July 16, 1870, by electing John 
G. Ogden president, J. P. Bayha vice president, J. A. 
[vlikesell secretary, John Mitchell treasurer, William 
Adiir umpire, M. O. Ayres, David Bales and P. F. 
O'Snilivati board o£ directors. For years this club was 
recognized as being one ol: the very best in northeast- 
ern Nebraska, Marcellns Ream acting as pitcher from 
its organization to the present time. Other clubs have 
since been organized at Homer, Jackson, Brushy Bend 
and South Sioux City, and many are the exciting 
games wiiich have been played by tliese clubs, 

CAMP MEETINGS. 

Rev. S. P. Vandoozer, a Methodist minister, in- 
augurated the lirst camp meeting in the county, be- 
ginning at Col. Baird's place on September 7, 1870, 
and lasting about one week, conducted by Presiding 
Elder A. Of. White, Rev. S. P. Vandoozer, Rev. J. A. 
Suiith, Rev. Mr. Easterbrook, Rev. John Trineand and 
Rev. Moses Warner. The meetings were largely at- 
tended, and the ministers were much encouraged by 
the result. 

The following year another enthusiastic camp 
meeting was held on Col. Warner's place, nine miles 
south of Dakota City, and continued two weeks, end- 
ing September 13, 1871. Great religious excitement 
prevailed, and on Sunday more than 1,0C0 people as- 
sembled "beneath the groves, God's first temples," and 
made the hills and woods resound with their songs of 
rejoicing. Many people brought a good supply ot 
tents and household effects and lived on the meeting 
grounds. Restaurants and eating houses were also es- 
tablished. 

BERGER POOR FARM. 

For a number of years the project of establishing 
a poor farm for Dakota county was agitated, but noth- 
ing was done until Gotleib Berger died in Sioux City, 



160 WARNEH's history ok DAKOTA OOUNTT. 

Iowa, February 3, 1890, bequeathing to t!ie county 
^5,000 with which to provide for the poor. 

On the 17th day of October, 1891, the county 
commissioners bought \vith this money, of J. P. 
Twohig, tlie north half of the nortlieast quarter of 
Section 25, Township 28, Range 8? for the sum of 
$3,600, to be known as the "Berger Poor Farm.'' 
Dennis Armour,Thomas C. Ohipp and Thorns Sullivan, 
Jr., were appointed as trustees. W. T. Bartlett was 
appointed as overseer of county poor March 9, 1891. 

March 15, 1892, W. P. Altemus and J. N. Peyson 
were appointed to draw up plans and specitications for 
a poor farm house, not to exceed ^1,400, and the con- 
tract was let April 8, to T. F. McGee, of Hubbard, for 
$1,297.50, who accordingly erected the building. 

SOLDIERS" RELIEF COMMISSION. 

In 1889 the Nebraska State Legislature established 
a "soldiers' relief fund" for each county of the state 
for the benefit of indigent Union soldiers, sailors and 
marines, and indigent wives, widows, and minor child- 
ren, not over fourteen years of age in the case of boys,. 
and not over sixteen years of age in the case of girls, 
uf such indigent or deceased Union solaiei"s, sailors or 
marines having a legal residence in said county. A 
'•soldiers' relief commission," to manage the distribu- 
tion of th9 fuuds was appjinteJ by tlie cc/unty commis- 
sioners, consisting of S. R. Covvles, John Blessing and 
Henry Loomis. since which time others have served on 
the board as follows: W. R. Kinkead, April 6, 1891, 
to succeed Henry Loomis. wlio resigned; H. Sayre and 
Andrew Forbs, Mirch 15, 1892. On January 24tlu 
1893, the present board oj" commission was reorganized 
by appointing Andrew Forbs for a period of three years:, 
A. H. Baker, two year.3, and Harlon Baird one year. 

The establishment of this relief fund is truly a. 
noble act on the part ot our st:ite legislature, in recog- 
nition of the heroic services of brave Union soldiers- 



BRASS BANDS. 161 

who rallied in defense of this nation in tlie darkest 
hours of its existence, and marched witli dauntless 
courage to southern fields of war, snatched the flag ot 
treason from its height and subdued a rebellious and 
ari'ogant people. The unflinching courage and heroic 
deeds of those daring men in their struggle for liberty 
and union will ever mark the standard of loyalty and 
be tlie gauge of patriotism until the government of the 
United States of America shall be no more. 

BRASS BANDS, 

The Smith Band of years ago, which was tlie first 
ever organized in the county, consisted of Uncle Johnny 
Smith and three sons, Joseph, George and John, and 
Joseph and Herb Harris. 

It was the 4th of July 1862, and they uere to 
furnish the music for the celebration held that day in 
the Cottonwood grove south of Dakota City. The 
"band wagon" with the pioneer musicians arrived at 
Dakota City bright and early, with the stars and 
stripes floating in the breeze above them. They 
joined the procession as it marched to the ground, 
but the man who held the large flag could not keep it 
steady against the strong wind that was blowing that 
■day, and consequently the emblem, ot the brave and 
free was oft times trailed in the dust, — whereupon 
Isaac Monroe jumped up and declared tliiit lie conld 
*'by the help of the Almighty hold that flag and three 
fence rails!" and he did hold the flag pole with his 
powerful arms as firm and steady as though it had been 
bolted to the wagon. 

The president of the day c;dled out: "Music by tfie 
l)and!" and they struck up in fiire shape. Geo. Smith 
led with the E clarionet, followed bv Joim. with the K 
■clarionet. Uncle Johnny tuned in with the bass, Joseph 
■Smith gripped the trombone. Herb and Joseph Harris 
chimed in with their horns, all bright as bright could 
be, and made those old \yoods ring to the anthem of the 



162 Warner's history oj dakota county. 

free. Then everybody sang "Away down South in 
the Land of Dixie," ate a good dinner, for those dis- 
tant days, and went home happy. 

There was no other attempt at organizing a band 
for a number of years after tliis, and the Smith band 
held full sway in Dakota county's "musical world.*' 

Bands have since been organized at Dakota C'ity, 
Jackson, Homer. Emerson and South Sioux City. The 
Dakota City Cornet band consists of the following mem- 
bers: Mell A. Schmeid, leader and instructor, 1st B 
flat; C. P. Brannaman, solo B flat; D. W. Griffey, pic- 
colo; Geo. W. McBeath, 2nd B flat; Wm. Leamer. 3rd 
B flat; Elmer Robinson, 1st alto; Geo. H. Haase, 1st 
tenor; R. E. Evans, baritone; Paul Pizey, B flat bass; 
Henry Niebnhr, E flat bass; S. A. Stinson, bass drum 
and cymbals; Chas. S. Hollman, snare drum. 

The Hoiner Cornet band is made up as follows: 
John Ream solo B flat, Wm. Lam son E flat, Leon 
Ream E flat clarionet, IS'elson Jones 1st B flat cornet, 
Walter Smith solo alto, John Harris 1st alto, Hans 
Anderson 2nd, Tim O'Connor 3rd, George Harris 1st 
tenor, Rasmus Fredrickson 2nd, Joseph Harris baritone, 
Alonzo McEntarffer tuba, Wm. Ream snare drum, J. R. 
Kelsey bass drum. Grganized October, 1888, 

The Homer Orchesti-a was organized in January, 
18S9, as follows: John Ream 1st violin, Hans Ander- 
son 2nd violin, Carl Fredrickson flute, Chris Hansen 
clarionet, Ras)nus Fredi'ickson bass. 

Following are tlie parts taken by each member of 
the Emerson Cornet band: ^l. M. Engelen and Chas. 
Borowsky solo B flat cornet, C. W. JVlcQuaid solo alto, 
T. Kuntz 1st alto. Z. M. Baird 2nd alto, Chris Larson 
1st tenor, H. D. Engelen baritone, James Bannon tuba, 
J, H. Winters snare drum, John Bannon bass drum 
and cymbals. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 

CHAPTER XVII. 



Pioneer Settlers of 1855, 

Jesse Wiole, the sage of the pioneers, and first set- 
tler of Dakota county, journeying across the uninhabited 
Jands of the west, halted one pleasant morning in June, 
1855, upon the present site of South Sioux City. He 
3)eheld the high bluffs more than twenty miles 
$iway to the south and southwest, but no where over 
all this great scope of country were there any signs of 
•civilization — it was one vaet wilderness, where the song- 
sters of the groves and the wild animals of the prairie 
:and forest lived unmolested. He was looking for a 
location, and ix)w he had found the land of his choice. 
Ketracing his steps back over the wiW prairies of north- 
western Iowa to get his lamily, lie again landed upon 
the baidss of the Missouri river in August, opposite 
•^vhere Dakota City no'w" staiids, and on the 17th crossed 
•over to Nebraska. After looking over the country for 
two days he crossed the river to n-armte to his irlends 
.;glowingaec<:nints of tlie rich and beautiful country he 
had seen. So strong was his enthusiasm he determined 
that hencefortli iiis abode would be upon the soil of 
Dakota county, and on the 19th of August, 1855, 
crossed his family to Nebr.asJia^wlikOi was the iiist wjjite 



164 waknek's history of Dakota county. 

family that settled in the county. Pie crossed on Dr. 
J. D. M. Crockwell's ferry boat. Along with him 
came Spencer Moore, Robert and William Pilgrim, 
and others. They camped the night of the 20th at 
the foot of the bluffs near where John Brannt now 
lives. Just tifty-one years before this, on the morn- 
ing of August 20, 1804, Lewis and Clarke set sail from 
a point on the river near where Omadi used to stand, 
and camped in the evening on the Floyd. During 
that day Sergeant Floyd died, and was buried on the 
high bluffs southeast of Sioux City. The Jesse Wigle 
party next camped on the Col. Baird place, where they 
remained until march 17, 1856, when Mr. Wigle moved 
onto the tract of land where Homer is now located, 
and afterwards settled on a piece of land north of wiiere 
Capt. O'Connor now lives. !Next moved to Wigle , 
Creek — so named in honor of himself — in 1863. Here 
he lived for many years and witnessed the transforma- 
tion of a wild and almost uninhabited country into a 
rich and prosperous county, as we behold it to-day. In 
1883 he moved to a tract of land east of Emerson, on 
the north boundary line of the Winnebago reservation, 
where he lived to the time of his death, April 13, 1893, 
leaving a wife and three children- — Marion, Jason and 
Loretta. The other three chihlren — Emma, Mary and 
Flora — are dead. Emma was the first child bc>rn in 
the county. Jesse Wigle was born January 29, 1825, 
at Frankfort, Ross county, Ohio. Went with his parents 
to Union county, Ohio, and from there to Jefferson 
county, low^a, in 1847, where he was married to Nancy 
H. Burdett, August 9, 1849. Afterwards went to El- 
dora, Harden county, Iowa. Started westward in 
search of a home in 1855. 

George T. Woods, in company with a Frenchman 
and two Blackfeet Indians, rowed across the Missoui-i 
river to Nebraska in a skiff' on the 1st day of July, 
1855. He had come over to look at the country; went 
afoot to the Col. Baird bluffs, had wild turkey for din- 



SETTLERS OF 1855. 165 

ner; thence soutlnvard to what is dow known as the 
Titn Murphy place, and here on the afternoon of July 
1, 1855, he drove down the first claim stake ever driven 
into Dakota county soil. There were no impressive 
ceremonies or eloquent ''corner-stone" speeches on the 
occasion, although it will ever stand out as a very im- 
portant step in the history of the county. On the 1st 
of September Chunr.ey A. Ilorr and Moses Xreps 
crossed the river with him, and they be^an bniklini)^ a 
log cabin where Omadi was afterwards located. This is 
supposed to have beau the first house erected in the 
county. They were getting ready to build a saw mill on 
Omaha creek. Mr. Woods foresaw the couiing of 
future events; he reasoned tliat a luiman tide would 
soon roll across the fertile prairies of JS'ebraska, and a 
great quantity of lumber would be required to satisfy 
the demand. While they were at work a band of In- 
dians came along and took all of their provisions and 
everything else they could get their hands on, includ- 
ing their boat, "and," says Mr. Woods, "they came very 
nearly taking our scalps." They were now left with- 
out a mouthful of provisions and without any means of 
renching the Iowa siiore. They found a dead hawk, 
which was all they had to eat for three days, when a 
Frenchman happened to come along with a boat and 
rook them across the river. But this little drawback 
did not keep them from returning to Kebraska and 
completing the saw mill, which was put into operation 
on the 1st of April, 1856. Sold lumber at ^'60 per 
1,000 feet. The first lumber sawed by this mill and 
sold to the settlers was used to build Gideon Warner's 
old house. Began running a steam saw mill in Omadi 
November, 1856; was also engaged in the butchering 
business in the lall of 1856, killing as high as four 
beeves in one day, on certain occasions, to feed the 
hungry travelers who were pouring into the counti-y. 
In the meantime, he had abandoned the Tim Murphy 
claim and had taken what is now known as the old 



166 WARKEr's IlISTdRY OF DAKOTA COrNTY. 

Charles Bliven place, as the latter was much nearer to 
where he wa? at work in tiie saw mill, b'ebruary 27, 
1857, he started for Colorado, came back the next fail. 
Was married to Catherine Ream, sister of Henry 
Ream, September 23, 1860, in Omadi, by Elder Smith. 
Moved on the D. Y. llileman place in 1861, having 
previously purchased tlie same of George Fangley. En- 
listed in Company I, Second Nebraska Cavalry, October, 
1862; mustered out November 19, 1863. Engaged in 
farming until 1881, when he commenced building the 
Oak's mill, situated one and one-half miles north of 
Homer. He has from time to time been encragecl in 
brick burning — made the brick used to build the court 
house, the industrial school building at the Winnebago 
agency, and many other buildings in the county. Has 
since been eng-aged in farming, general merchandising^ 
etc. Was lirst president of the old settlers' association. 
Has never lost his residence in Dakota county since his 
first settlement here. To Mr. and Mrs. Woods there 
were born four children — Ida, Fannie, Robert; one son 
died. 

George T. Woods was born February 23, 1831, in 
Chautauqua county. New York. March 9, 1854, went 
to. McHenry countj, Illinois; remained there the fol- 
lowing summer and then went to- Delaware county, 
Iowa, and engai^ed in wagon makino'. Came to Wood- 
bury county, Iowa, May 3, 1S55, 

Henry Ream, as has been before stated, crossed 
the Missouri river to Dakota county on the 15th day 
of May, 1855. Before him stretched one vast wilder- 
ness where the tread of civiliziitio-n was yet unknown.. 
He made his way afoot to the high blull's where Col. 
Baird afterwards located. The grass and weeds were- 
more than ten feet high, and it was, indeed, a weary 
journey. But long before he again readied the lowtii 
shore, the marvelous richness and fertility of the soil 
had been fully determined by him. To iiimself he- 
kept repeating over and over again L ''Upon, this fair 



SETTLERS OF 1855. 167 

];in(l I will settle, and it shall ever more be my home." 
This was more than thirty-eight years ago, and Henry 
Ream is still living up to his promise, on liis farm ad- 
joining Homer on the east. 

On the 1st day of May, 1856, he moved his family 
from Sergeant Blutfi to old Omadi, and lived in a tent 
while he was constructino a residerice. He opened np 
the first hotel, and was tlie hrst postmaster. Settled 
on the farm where he now resides in 1864, but his wife 
soon afterwards died and he moved to Dakota City, 
where he took charge of the Bates House. Was mar- 
ried a second time, to Mrs. Almeda Hirsch, widow of 
Abraham Hirsch. Mrs. Hirsch was one of first pio- 
neer women to reach Dakota county, and the second 
child that died in the county was an infant daughter of 
hers. She had two children by her iirst husband — 
Frank and Luella. Mr. Keam has five children by his 
first wife — Marcellus M., Charles, John, Mrs. Mary R. 
McBeath and Mrs. Fannie Easton. By their second 
marriage they have four children — Nina M., Mabel, 
Leon and William. Moved back to their farm in 1871. 

Henry Ream was born in Somerset cuunty, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1822, and came west in 1853. 

A. H. Baker came strolling along through the 
west and crossed over the river to Dakota county 
August 23. 1855. He was "young and full of vim," 
an(l went to work building a saw mill on Omaha creek, 
near the town of Oniadi. Besides himself there were 
interested in this mill, Jacob Hallock, Geo. T. Woods 
and Chauncey A. Horr. It was one of the finest mill 
sites ever seen in this part of the country. Omaha 
Creek at that time made a square angle about a mile 
south of where is now located the Gideon Warner 
farm, and turning southward until it reached the bluflfs, 
thence east to the river below Blyburg. But during 
the Hood in the spring of 1857, when a great volume 
of water broke over the river bank above old St. Johns, 
and rushing down along the bluff's past Col. H. Baird's 



168 ■ Warner's HISTORY OF DAKOTA county. 

place into Omaha Creek, so great was the pressure of 
this vast amount of water that it cut a channel straicrlu 
through to the river. It was in the summer of 1855 
when he, in company with George T. Woods, William 
Clieney and others, crossed tlie Missouri river and went 
on a claim-hunting expedition. Tliey crossed over at 
Omadi, went south to the bluffs through liigli grass, 
jungles, mud, water, cre«eks and the wildest looking 
country ever seen by mortal eyes in the west. Went 
eastward along the blulfs to Blyburg, struck across the 
hills to Squaw Creek, where Samuel Eymell lives, then 
to where Homer now stands and on up to Col. Baird's 
place. Here they crossed and re-crossed the creek. 
Every time they came to a bead in the stream they sup- 
posed it was another creek and would plunge in and 
swim across. They thought they had nevei- before 
seen such a country for ci-eeks. It was night when 
they reached their boats at Omadi, and a more weary, 
liungry and foot-sore crowd had never before or since 
been seen in Dakota county. To show the reader what 
a trip they made that day we will state that; the sauje 
Journey can hardly be male to-day by the strongest 
person, when he would have the advantage of good 
road*. The winter of 1855 was extremely cold, the 
mercury never getting above the freezing point from 
the 23d of December until spring, and the snow was 
eighteen inclies deep most of the winter, never drifting 
in the least. These sturdy pioneers worked away at 
the saw mill, and by spring had it ready to go to saw- 
ing lumber. They sold the mill and bongiit a steam 
saw mill in the town of Omadi, Here Mr. ' Baker 
worked about seven years. Was elected county com- 
missioner at the first election held in Dakota county^ 
ill Xovem-ber, 1853. In the summer of 1858, while he- 
was commissioner, the question of submitting a propo- 
sition to the vote of the pjople in regard to changing 
the county seat from Dakota City, which had been lo- 
cated there by an act of the legislature passed. January: 



i^ETTLERS OF 185"). 169 

23, 1856, to some other point, came up lefoie the board 
for action. Tlie affirmative was represented by John 
Talf, negative by Wm. Lockvvood, Tafi opening tlie dis- 
cussion. He wanted the county seat moved to Oiriadi. 
Loud was his voice,. and defiantly did he "saw- the air'* 
with liis long arms. Lockwood replied with a still 
more fiery speech, and it looked at one time as if there 
would be a mortal combat between the two men. Taff, 
who was afterwards called to congress from this state 
to appear before the nation's Avise debaters, v/on his 
point, and the commissioners allowed the people to vote 
on the proposition August 2 of that year. Dakota 
City came out victorious. Mr. Baker was afterwards 
•elected probate judge lor Dakota county. But let us 
tell you what he had done in the meantime. He was 
not contented with three partners in the milling busi- 
ness; another partner seemed essential in the running 
•of that mill. Now, Jacob Hallock had a sister, Miss 
Rose, who promised to be Mr. Baker's partner to the 
end of life, and accordingly on the 20th of September, 
1857, they were mai-riod, and liave three dangliters — 
Mrs. Wifliam Eckhart, Mollie and JVellie. 

In 1863 he removed to De2atur, woik-ed at the 
an.nson trade al)out two years, then retuined to Dakota 
•City; i-iin a saAV mill, which stood in the southwestern , 
part of the town, two jears, then removed to the 
Winnebago agency, ran the saw mill there about 
two years, then i-eturned to Dakota City, and resided 
there until 1884, when he w-as appointed miller and 
sawyer at the Winnebago agency under Agent Wilkin- 
son, lie has also been member of the Nebraska legis- 
lature and held variems other offices. Was one of the 
partners who built the Emmit inill at Jackson. 

Mr. Baker was born in Chautauqua county, Kew 
York, in 1834, afterwards came to McHenry county, 
Illinois. In the fall of 1864 he removed to Delaware 
<county, Iowa. Landed on Kebraska's fertile soil Aug. 
.^3, 1855, whicJi has ever since been his home. By his 



170 WAKMR's BISTCI.T Cr TATXTA COUKIY 

square and straightforward dealings with his fellowmen 
he has won the respect and esteem of all who know 
him. 

KoBERT Pilgrim crossed the Missouri river at 
Sergeant Bluffs with his father, William Pilgrim, Jesse 
Wigle and others, on the 19th dav of August, 1855. 
They camped on the west bank of the river, and the 
next day, August 20, proceeded to the Col. Baird bluffs, 
where they camped about a week, and then moved their 
tents down to where John Braunt now lives. Took a 
claim in September two miles east of Homer, the 
old Col. Warner place, and built a log cabin by the 
spring near the Spring Grove school house, in district 
No. 14. Lived here cluring the winter of 1855-'56, lit- 
tle dreaming that in future years a school house would 
be reared upon the site of his lonely winter quarters. 
Was married in 1858 to J\iereb Braunt, daughter of 
Jeremian Braunt, who then lived on the old 
Josinh Davis place. He went to Colorado, and 
on his return moved to the Lewis Blessing place. 
Took a claim, now owned by Barney Gribble, on Fid- 
dler's creek — so named from the fact that the people 
who lived on the creek, were all fiddlers. 

Robert Pilgrim was born February 15, 183C, in 
Langeville, Indiana. He went to Illinois with his 
parents about 1842, and then to Iowa in 1844, where 
he lived until 1855, when he started for iS^ebraska, 
Has five sons and three daughters- — Jeremiah, Will- 
iam H., Horatio, John K. and Ira; Mrs. R. M. Snyder, 
Mrs. Bosa Antrim and Melissa. 

Leonard Bates, in company with ex-Governor 
Wm. H. James, crossed the Missouri river at Sergeant 
Bluffs in a canoe to JS'ebraska in the fall of 1853, but 
finding nothing but brush and wild jungles they re- 
turned to the Iowa shore with the opinion that JSebraska 
was one vast brush patch. He again crossed the river 
in the fall of 1855 and wended his way westward until 



SETTLERS OF 1855. 171 

he came to the beautiful prairies of Dakota county. 
Took a claim which is low cm red ly John Blessing 
and Eph Eunt. Built a log Ixuge in Logan in the 
summer of 1856, and the lolloMirg winter sold the 
house and also his claim. "Went to Sergeant Bluffs 
and remained one year, when- Ije returned to Nebraska 
andj,took a claim in the winter »f '56 and 'oT, where 
he now lives, three miles west of Dakota City. This 
claim was adjoining Logan on the west. Went to Colo- 
rado in 1859. About this time he csme to the conclu- 
sion that he would do something that would break him 
of moving around so often, and accordingly was mar- 
ried to jVlies ^lay "Weaver, February 27, 1860, in Da- 
kota City, by Wm. Denton, a United Brethren minis- 
ter. They immediately started on their wedding tour 
toji is claim. Here he has lived to see, as it were, a 
vision pass belore his eyes. The wild prairies disap- 
pear and behold the land teeming with wealtli and 
prosperity. The tcMn of Icgan rites, falls and decays 
until to-day there is no trace of a town there. Has 
five children living and one dead. Has been elected 
county surveyor four times on the Republican ticket, 
and was chosen as vice president of the Pioneers and 
Old Settlers Association at tlieir annual re-union, 
August 11, 1886, and elected as president at their meet- 
ing September 1, 1888. 

Leonard Bates was born April 5, 1833, in "Winsor 
county, Vermont. Left there with his parents when 
three years old for Indiana. Went to Linn county, 
Iowa, in 1847, and was engaged in farming. Was edu- 
catedin the public schools. Started west July 18, 1852, 
and Ian ded in vYoodltury county, Iowa, August 8, 1852. 
Was employed by the government to survey the town- 
ship lines between the Big and Little Sioux rivers. One 
day while they were out surveying they were over- 
taken by a great prairie fire, such as no man will ever 
i^ee again in this section of country, and one man was 
burned to death and others badly injured, but Mr. 



172 wakner's history of Dakota coukty. 

Bates, like the three men we read abont in tlie Bible, 
came out of the lire unharmed. Took a claim wh.ere 
Sergeant Bluffs, now stands. Thus closes the history 
of another "sturdy pioneer." 

CoL. Baelon Bajed, on the 27th day of Septem- 
ber, 1855, crossed the Missonri river to Djttota county 
and proceeded to the bluffs, where he selected the farm 
on which he has lived to the present time, "about eight 
miles southeast of Dakota City. So much has already 
been said in regard to Col. Baijd. in this book, that to 
give a fall biography now of his life would only he a 
repetition; 

. His good and noble wife died June 5, 1.888, leaving 
three children — Thonuis C, Ileni'y Clay and Emma, 
wife of Benjamin Bridenbaugh. 

When the war broke out he, with JWaj. McBeatli, 
Mat Patrick and Billy Curl, were among the first in 
Nebraska to otter their services for the country's good. 
They enlisted in August, 1861, in the Nebraska cav- 
alry, a batallion raised in Omaha.' This was after- 
wards consolidated with troops from Iowa, Minnesota 
and Missouri and an independent regiment formed and 
assigned under the state of Iowa, and by special order 
was made the Fifth Iowa Cavalry. It was more widely 
known as "Curtis Horse" cavalry. They were known 
throughout the war as one of the pluckiest and hardest 
fighting regiments on the ground. He mustered in as 
a private, was selected as a captain by his comprny, 
and by promotion soon received the honor of C(.)lonel. 
He' to-day suffers from wounds received' while fighting 
for his country. He was discharged' from the service 
July 27, 1865. Wlien Nebraska was hi'st admitted as 
a state Col. Baird was wisely s'elected by the people of 
Dakota county to represent them in the legislature, and 
he did much work in helping to frame and adopt the 
constitution. It was at this session that the great 
tight was for the removal of tJie state capital, Columbus 
and Lincoln being the two leading points. Alter it 



SKTTLERS OF 1855. 178 

was found that TJncoln had a majority of the votes all 
those who had voted for Columbus had changed their 
votes to Lincoln but the colonel, and if the records are 
correct, his vote alone will ba found standing there in 
favor of Columbus, He believed Columbus to be the 
proper place for the state capital, and he intended to 
stand l)y his belief. He has always been an unswerv- 
ing Republican. 

Charles Rouleaux was an Indian trader in Da- 
kota county in 1855. Took a claim, which was subse- 
quently tlie town site of Omadi; afterwards laid out 
the town of Rulo in the southern part of the state, 
where he died. 

Judge Thomas L. Griffey was standing on the 
east bank of the Missouri river, some three miles below 
where Sioux City is now located, in the fall of 1851. 
and saw several deer come down to the water on the 
opposite side to drink. He was just as fond of hunt- 
ing then as he was all his life, and forthwith he pro- 
ceeded to cross the river on a hunting expedition, 
which was the first time he had ever touched the soil 
of Dakota county. "At this time," said Mr. Griifey, 
"there w^as the most dense timber and the largest trees 
l)etween where Dakota City and Covington now stand 
that I ever saw in my life." T. L. Griffey was born 
June 28, 1827, in Alexandria, Campbell county, Ken- 
tucky; went to Kanesvilie, now Council Bluffs, in 
March, 1849; was on his way to Colorado, but was 
taken sick and postponed, the trip- indefinitely; first 
stepped upon the soil of Nsbragka territory in 1850; 
started up the Missouri river from Council Bluffs in 
the fall of iS51 with a load of groceries to trade to the 
Indians for furs; established a. trading post . where 
Woodbury is now located; ^vas married August 7, 1853, 
to iMary I. Brown, daughter of Rev. Samuel Brown, a 
Methodist minister, who lived near Council Bluffs, In 
the fall of 1853 was employed by United States Indian 



174 warnee's histoky op dakota county. 

Agent Ilepner to escort a delegation of Onialia Indians 
of whom tfie Fontenelle boys were leaders, up the river 
to look at a tract of land .ubove where Ponca was after- 
wards located, and .f they chose to do so the govern- 
ment gave them the right to select land there in lieu 
of the reservation on which they are now living. They 
concluded they would select the latter for their home. 
The first night the party camped on what was after- 
wards to be known as the Col. Baird farm. When 
they awoke the next morning they found a bee tree di- 
rectly above their tents, from wliich over fifty pounds 
of honey was obtained. After the party had returned 
from up the river they proceeded to the mouth of Wood 
creek, where the town of Decatur was afterwards built, 
and began selecting a tract of land to contain about 
3CO,000 acres, which is now called the Omaha reserva- 
tion. Mr. Ciriifey drove down the initial stake about a 
hundred yards from the bank of the river, immediately 
north of the forty-second parallel of north latitude. 
They then surveyed about twenty-four miles due west, 
eighteen miles north, and thence east to the Missouri 
river below Blyburg. In 1854 helped to frame the 
territorial government of Nebraska, named all the 
northern counties, including Dakota county, which at 
that time was spelled Dacotah. He organized Wood- 
bury county, appointed a full set of county ofHcors and 
located the county seat near the grave of Sergeant 
Floyd, below Sioux City, and named the town Sergeant 
Bluffs, which was afterwards moved to a point opposite 
Dakota City and called Sergeant Bluffs. In 1856 took 
a claim within the present limit of Sioux City, which 
to this day is known as the Griffey addition; sold his 
entire interest in the land which had been in litigation 
for many years by the Iowa Falls and Sioux City rail- 
road company to S. T. Davis, of Sioux City, for more 
than ^25,000. Was admitted to the bar in Sioux City 
in 1856, and went into the law and real estate business. 
Located in Covington in 1857 and moved his family 



SETTLERS OF 1855. 175 

there in the spring of 185S. In the spi'inor of 185U 
went to Pike'a Peak and returned in the fall. His 
family had the ague, so he concluded to get np on 
liigher ground and niov^ed to Cedar county in 1860. 
Moved to Dakota City in 1S61; was deputy county 
clerk in 181)2 under Dr. G. B. Graff, in 1862 he err. 
listed in C.)inpany I, Second JN'ebra-.ka Cavalry, under 
coniniand of Gov. Robert W. Furnas. Marched up 
the river to Ft. Sully and fought in the battle of White 
Stone iJill against the Indian warriors. Was orderly 
sergeant, and was mustered out November, 1868. 
Served in territorial council from 1864 lo 1866; was 
elected on tlie Demosratic ticket in a strong Repub- 
lican district against Hon. Ex-Governor William II. 
James, and was appointed on the committee on scliools, 
where !i6 did niucli hard work to shape and mold the 
school laws for Nebraska. Was county attorney for 
seven yjirs. [n 1875 was elected judge ot the Sixth 
judicial district of Nebraska on the Democratic ticket, 
against Hon. E. K. Valentine, Republican. Served on 
the bench more than a year, when he was counted out by 
a Republican legislature which decided that Valentine 
had oeen decte f by 2 ani 21-100 votes. On the 26th 
day of May, 1882, was stricken with apoplexy, which 
rendered his left side useless. Up to this time he was 
enjoying one of the largest law practices ever acquired 
l>y any one man in the county bef >re or since. His 
wife died in October, 1885, leaving four children, of 
which three are dead. Was for years one of the 
heaviest tax payers of the county, and ever took a deep 
interest in the agricultural advancement of Dakota 
county. Was the lirst president of the Dakota County 
Farmers' Institute, organized in 1886. In 1885 moved 
on his farm a short distance northeast of Dokota City, 
builr, a substintiai residence, good barn and other com- 
fortable out buildings for stock. It is a strange coin- 
cideiu^e tliat he settled near the spot whei-e in the fall 
of 1851 he crossed tlie river io Dakota county, long be- 



J7t) WAKNKk's HISTORY OF DAKU'JA ooL:^•T^. 

fore there was ;i solitai'Y white man there: when tliere 
was no Sioux City and the county was wihl and in its 
priirieval state. How uiarvelous it must seem to a man 
to liave seen this country in its- uninliahited condition 
and then look iij)oii it in its pi-esent, wonderful, pros- 
perity. He died at ins home in Sioux City, iowa, 
January 1, 18U2. 

John 13. Akteaix, in company with Cliaries llou- 
leaux, crossed tlie .MissiHiri river in a canoe to whei-e 
Oniadi was af terwaids founded, and selected his claim 
September 5, 1855, whicli is situated west o!: the Gideon 
Warner place on Omaha creek. Jle visited Dakota 
county prior to this, June (i, 1851, while employed by 
the i:\merican Fur company, and in 1853, wnen he 
camped on tiie subscipient town site of Ojnadi. lit. 
liv'edin Dakota coir.itv until 1884, when he moved to 
Sioux City, Iowa, uhere he has since resided. 

B. M. PizY was born in England, and visited what 
is to-day Dak<jta county in April, 1850. He was Sioux 
City's pioneer stage di'iver. Afterwards settled in Da- 
kota City, where he now resides. Was married to Miss 
Mary Pndcerton, a pioneer school teacher of the county., 
in September, 1864. Has two sons — Alfred and. 
Paulding. 

Moses Ki^Erscame to Daktita county in the fall of 
1855. Took a claim in Omadi precinct, now ownel by 
David Waterman. He is now living in Dakota City. 

Horace Dutton rode on a horse across the unin- 
habited lauds of Iowa in July, 1855. Tlrere were no 
roads, and he lost his way and for two diays did not 
see a human being. Fir'aily he reached Woodbury,, 
losva, vviiere hj rjmainal ua;;il Dacembar (5, 1855v 
when he cro.sse;! over the river to Dakota county and 
took a claim where John Joyce now lives. Spent thai: 
winter in the Covington timber hauling wood, to Sioux. 
City. Enlisted in Company 1), Fifth Iowa Cavnlry, in. 
jN'ovenrber, 1861 aud served four years. Jlarried to- 



SETTLERS OF 1855. 177 

Sarah Sanlsberry in 1867 and settled on a farm five 
miles west of Dakota City, where he resides at present. 
They have two daughters — Maud and Knth. 

Squire Dutton came to Dakota county with liis 
brother, Horace, December 6, 1855. Settled in Logan. 
Died at his home in Pagosa Springs, Colo., December, 
1885, leavincr a widow and two sons. 

John J. Trecy was born in Ireland in 1827. Emi- 
grated to America with his parents in 1833, and located 
in Lancaster, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania; in 1854, 
with tiie family m<.ved to Dubuque, Iowa; in the sum- 
er of 1855, in company with his brother, Father Trecy, 
who vvas then looking for a location to establish a 
colony, drove across the state of Iowa, locating in what 
is now called Old St. Johns. In 1862 was married to 
Miss Elizabeth McLaughlin, and moved to Huntsville, 
Alabama, returning to Dakota county in 1870. In 
1881 they moved to Wayne, JN'ebraska, where they now^ 
i-eside. Tliev have fivechildrjen — Francis S., Augustus 
J., liaymond J., Mrs. Minnie Frazier and Mrs. Annie 
Ivohl. He was one of the first commissioners of Da- 
ki^ta county, being re-elected October 11. 1859. 

John and William Bay came to Dakota county, 
in 1855, and started a general store in Omadi. John 
afterwards went to Washington Territory and William 
went to Illinois. 

Edward 0. Jones was born in 1832 in West 
Meath county, Ireland, and came with his parents to 
America in 183B. Came to Dakota county in 1855,, 
returned to low^a and, in con.)pauy with Trecy's colony, 
lagriin renched this county June 1, 1856. Enlisted in 
tlie war for the Union, and served two years. Was 
•also member of the territorial legislature in 1857 and 
1858. Died at Neblette Lauding, Boliver county, 
Aliss., April 13, 188J. 

Gustaye Pecaut w^as born in Switzerland in 1826. 
'Came to /imerica and crossed the Missouri river where 



178 wakkek's history oi< Dakota couisTy, 

Sioux City was al'teiNvaids luilt, in 1852, selecting a 
claim wLeie Covington is now located. In 1S54 built 
the first log cabin in the county. In those days deer 
were very plentiful in the lai'ge timbei- of tliat vicinity, 
and he Idlled many of them. Was married to Miss 
Clii'istiana Held lelnuai'y 10, ISoU, near Jaclvson. 
Have tliree sons and one daughter. Moved to Sioux 
City, Iowa, in 1871, where lie has a good, comfortable 
home on the very soil which years ago lie beheld in its 
wild, primeval state, coveied with lank prairie grass. 

Marcellus M. Ream was born April 14, 1848 
Came with his parents to Sergeant BlufTs, Iowa, in the 
summer of 1855, and the 10th of Cctober crossed over 
the Missouri river to Dakota county, being the first 
white boy to cross the river. His parents moved to 
Omadi in the spring of 1856, and he attended the first 
school ever taught in the county, by Miss Putnam. 
Afterwards went to school to G. W. "Wilkinson. Was 
married to Miss Jennie Eroyhill May 8, 1871, in Da- 
kota City, where he has resided to the present time. 
Was clerk in the Land Office and deputy county clerk 
for Henry Stott, Have one child, a daughter — Edna. 
Postofiice address, Dakota City. 

Jacob H. HALLOCKwas born October 11, 1833, in 
Bath, Stueben county, New York. Arrived at Sergeant 
Bluff's, Iowa, about the 1st of May, 1855, and about 
the 1st of July, in company with George T. Woods and 
others crossed the Missouri river at a point above 
where Dakota City was aiterwaids Itcaltd. Went up 
to the blufls at a point wliich \\as later named St. 
Johns, then to where Ponca is now built, and then 
down to where Col. Baird subsequently settled. 
Helped to build one of the first log cabins erected in 
the county, and also helped to build the first saw mill, 
in the winter of 1855-5(3, in Omr.di. Was elected first 
county clerk in 1856, while absent in Kew York to get 
the girl he left beliind hiii: — Miss Mary O. Nash- 



SETTLERS OF 1856. l''^ 

m-Ikhii lie iiiMiricd at Ciibji, Kew York, IS'ovtirjl er 10, 
1856. In 1862, assisted in oigaiiizing Ccrajfiny 1, 
Second JNebraska Cavalry, and was second lieutenant 
of that company, mustered out in December 1863, 
and moved to Cuba, IStw To)k, vLere he still resides 

SETTLEK8 OF 1856. 

Wm. C. McBeath, jouriieying into the wild west, 
crossed over the JVli^souri liver in the sj,riEg of 1856 
aud branded Nebraska as liis state, Dakota as his 
county and Omadi for liis home. Here he was en- 
gaged in the mercantile business for nearly three years. 
He Mas a kind and generous hearted man, and the suf- 
fering caused by tlie severe winters of 1856 and 1857 
offered an opportunity for testing these predominating 
traits of character. "Times were hard," the pioneers 
were on the eve of starvation and the future prc>spect 
for Dakota county was decidedly gloomy, l^ut this 
generous hearted merchant of Omadi was equal to the 
emei-gency. He sent word to all the needy pioneers 
that they could have flour or anything else he Lad in 
liis store, and pay for it when they got able to do so. 
Although thirty years of wonderful changes have passed 
away, those pioneers, now grown old, with whitened 
locks, still revere and hold in sacred remembrance the 
honored name ofWm. C. McBeath. When the war 
broke out he enlisted in Company D, Fifth Iowa Cav- 
airy, promoted to second lieutenant in 1862, afterwards 
fri'st*lieutenant. In August, 1868, was promoted to 
captain on account of the deaih of Capt. Win. Curl. 
]n June, 1865, for gallant and efficient service as a 
-soldier, he was promoted to major, wdiich position he 
held when he was musteied out, September, 1865. 
Kemained south abvut tliree yeais, then returned t© 
Dakota county, t'oon after was tnarried to Mary 
lieam, eldest daughter of Henry Eeam. The grateful 
people lemembering his lavors to then), felt that a 
Iriend in need was a fi'ieiul indeed — that they owed 



180 



WARNER S HISTCiRY OF DAKOTA COUNTY 



liim sometliing, and pi-oceeded to elect liiin county 
clerk twelve years in succeesion, beginning January 1, 
1870. and ending January 1, 1882. Under Dr. G.'W. 
Wilkinson's administration as agent tor the Winnebago 
and Omalia Indians, he was appointed to the position 
of clerk at the Winnebago agency ; ai'terwaids appointed 
snperintendent of the industrial school at the Omaha 
agency. After this his liealth began to fail, and he 
took a trip to Eosebnd agency, in the hope of regain- 
ing his strength. He was horn in Wayne county, Ky., 
November 15, 1833. Died at his residence in Dakota 
City, Nebraska, March 30, 1886. Mrs. Mary R. Mc- 
Ijeath and two children — George and Mrs. Gertie Best 
— survive hiuj, and reside in Dakota City. 

Thomas Asuford made his first footprints upon 
Nebraska soil on the morning of March lU, 1856, and 
since that time his vigilant ''footprints" have ever borne 
a conspicuous part in the general history of Dakota 
county. In 1858 he burned a kiln of brick for AVill- 
iam Ashburn, who was intending to build a large hotel 
in Omadi and "was putting on lots of style,"' says iVir. 
Ashford, "just like many other people who have 
no money." i^nd sure enough, he didn't have any 
money except what he swindled the people out of. He 
'^skipped out," and thus left Mr. Ashford with a lot of 
brick on his hands, some of which he eold to the fet- 
tlers. Went to Colorado in ]859 and remained theie 
nearly two years, engaged in mining. Came back to 
Dakota county in November, 1860, to look after his 
claim, which lie liad taken previous to his trip to Colo- 
rado. This claim is the one wliere he lives at the 
present time, located a mile east of Homer. He now 
found use for the biick that he still owned in Omadi, 
and built a substantial dAveliing on his claim with 
them. It was now more than six years since he had 
come to Nebraska, and he saw that if he ever expected 
to accomplish much in the wOrld he must immediately 
■^settle down to business,'' and in order to do tiiis he 



SKTTLKKS OF ISoG. ISl 

iiin>t have somo one to li'lpliiiu out with it. Maggie 
Dnggaii, sister of Hon. Daniel Diiggan, of Jackson, 
\\ as also studying the sairie proposition, and somehow 
"!• another — the worhl will pr.)h,d)ly never know how it 
ilid happen — but liistoi-y tells us that they were niar- 
li-'d ill the Catholic chu'ch at Jackson, Nebraska, 
.V|)ril 1, 1861. 'I'hey '-settled down" on his claim, 
whei-e they ha\"e since i-esided to the present time- — 
lived to see tin country all ai'ouiid th3m seftled up, and 
none but those w!io saw it in those days can iniacrine 
the great contrast between tlie landscape then and the 
civilized condition in which we behold it to-day. Mr. 
Ashford's life has been a busy one, both on the farm 
and in public enterprise, inchiding politics. He has a 
first- class farm, a pleasant hotne, and many warm 
friends. A person is naturally led to admire the energy 
and enterpi-ise that, spurs a man on from compirative 
obscurity to wealth and a higher estimaticm among his 
fellownjen. The record of such lives should evei- be 
prominently displayed before the people as guiding 
landmarks and lasting examples to many of the young 
men who are wdiiling away the springtime of theii- 
lives in idle shiftlessness. Tlius,witli this aim in view, 
we tliought, per chance, some wayward traveler reading 
about those heroic veterans of early days, might ''take 
lieai-fc again," pick up his gripsack and p;iss on thi-ough 
this vale of tears with a lighter spirit toward the goal 
of honor and respectability. He was born April 10, 
1828, in vVicklow county, Ireland. In 1849 he came 
across the ocean and lar.ded at New Orleans, and after 
J'emaining there two months went to Cincinnati by 
steamboat. In the spring of 1850 went to Butler, 
Hamilton county, Ohio, and remained tliere two years. 
Ill 1853 went to Indiana; lived there until February, 
1856, when he began prepai'ations for that memorable 
joni-ney to Nebraska, which was undoubtedly the 
luckiest move of his life. Has six children living — 
Thomas, John, George, Mary, Mrs. Dr. C. II. Maxwell 
;.ind Julia, 



182 wakkkk's history or Dakota county 

William Nixon bent his steps westward in 1856, 
laniJing upon Dakota county's fertile soil March 20, of 
that year, and since that time the fertility of her soil, 
added to his exhanstless energy, has yielded for him 
one of the most beautiful tar'ns in northern Nebi'aska,. 
He tirst located on the C. B. Bliven place, and after- 
wards took a c'aim a short distance south of where 
Homer now stands, Mr. Nixon hought five sacks of 
Hour of W. C. McBeath, of Omadi, built a rude house, 
and otherwise prepared for that stormy winter of 
'56-'57. In the spring he went to Council Bluffs for 
supplies. The roads were almost impassable, many 
abandoning their loads until the roads were better. 
He made slow progress, averaging but five miles a day. 
and tinally the roads got so muddy and he made such 
slow progress that he found it convenient to stop at 
the same house two nights in succession. There were 
but few licuises between Dakota City and Council Bluffs. 
Here on his claim he has liverl to the present time, and 
when an honest, upright man oi' pu>h and energy set- 
tles down on a piece of land and sticks to it for more 
than thirty years, you may be sure tliat he will have 
something to show for it. He has had his battles to 
fight with mishaps and accidents, just the same as 
other mortals. But men are not alike. Some sink i)e- 
neath the weight of their trials ami troubles, others 
are seen above the foam where wme but the brave and 
strong can float. Whyisitthat those who began the 
race for fortune more than a quarter of a century 
ago are now so widely scattered along the line? Life 
is a battle, and energy is the cannon. Perhaps those 
who are accustomed to seeing Mr. Nixon's luxu- 
rious iion:ie of to-day would like to have a pen picture 
of it as the pioneers knew the place in early times. lie 
lived in a small log cabin, and sheds took the place of 
his large barn and other substantial buildings; stock 
of all kinds was rather slim around the premises; not 
a fruit tree wa& to be seen;, no beautiful groves — aU 



SETTLERS OF 1856. 183 

was a i)ai-ren prairie— -and some of tlie good old vet- 
erans who lived on the bottom said he was foolish fi'r 
going ''SO far out among the desolate hills" to live. 
But he went, all the same, and has lived there to wit- 
ness the human tide that subsequently rolled across the 
wide Missouri valley, dotting the land with pleasant 
homes, until to-day he is in the midst of a thickly set 
tied community. He was born August 13, 1818 
in \Vigtonshire, Scotland. Came across the ocean in 
1852 on a schooner of which his brother Samuel was 
captain and part owner, who was afterwards drowned 
on the ocean in the time oi a great hurricane. 
Ir was f(jrty-tvvo days tVoai the time he start- 
ed until he reached New York, after passing 
through some very severe storms. He went to Pitts- 
l)urg. Pa., July 4, 1852, and worked there two years in 
a glass tactory. In 1855 went to Grinnell, Iowa, and 
started with an ox team for JN'ebraska in 1856, 

John McQuilkin walked across the Missouri river 
on the ice at Sergeant Bluffs March 20, 1856, in search 
of a place to settle down and tight the battle of life, 
and it is safe to presume that these stirring engage- 
ments were many and oft times severe, when we con- 
sider the nuinerous trials and obstacles that confronted 
tliose fearless pioneers who subdued the "western 
wilds" and made it possible for us to enjoy the bounti- 
ful blessings bestowed upon us to-day. Across the ice 
with him came Benjamin Chambers, William Nixon, 
Louis Blessing and James Dickey. They had gone 
about half way across when Louis Blessing broke 
through the ice and went down to his waist in the 
water. But pioneers generally accomplish their aim, 
and they found another crossing place and landed 
safely on Nebraska's soil. Mr. McQuilkin stopped in 
a shanty on the river bank that night, and went out to 
Col. Baird's place next day to look for a claim. Not 
finding anything out there that suited his taste, he lo- 
cated on the Mark Fair place of 120 acres, east of 



184 Warner's history of Dakota couMTr. 

Dakota City, broke ten acres and built a log cabin 14 
by 16 feet. An early fall was setting in, and things 
generally indicated that the winter was going to be 
very severe. That winter he lived alone on the Cham- 
bers place, just east of Dakota City, and if you want to 
hear sOine big stories about that awful winter of '56 
and '57, he can satisfy you on this particular point. 
He farmed the Chambers pUice in 1858, and the next 
year the John Wright place, about three miles east oP 
Dakota City. In 1862 he farmed Samuel Gamble's 
place, now owned by Eston Rush, and situated due 
east of Dakota City. October 18, 1862, he enlisted in 
Company I, Second Nebraska Cavalry, and in the 
spring of 1868 marched up the Missouri river with 
the army, crossed at Ft. Randall and went on to Ft. 
Pierre. He fought in the battle of White Stone Hill, 
Dakota territory, and was mustered out November^ 
1863. January 13, 1864, he married Alice Rush, 
daughter of Eston Rush, and settled down on his claim, 
proved up on it, and lived to see the wild prairie of '56 
thoroughly settled up with an honest, thrifty class of 
people. He sold his farm to Mark Fair in 1874 for 
^3,500, and moved his family to Webster county, Ne- 
braska. In the spring of 1884 he located on a piece 
of land four miles northwest of Emerson, built a barn 
and lived in that until he had completed a substantial 
dwelling house. He has a good or3hard started and 
several acres of forest trees planted. He has six child- 
ren. He was horn June 8-, 1827, in Westmoreland 
county, Pennsylvania, went to New Castle, Pa., iiv 
1852, and in 1853 to Muscatine county. Iowa, by way 
of Louisville, Ky. Was engaged as painter and finish- 
ing furniture. He went to Grinnell, Iowa, in 1855, 
and the following spring jained a three-ox" team expe- 
dition for Nebraska. This cotiipletes the history of 
another pioneer. 

Louis Blessing, on the 20th of March, 1856,. 
while attempting to cross the Missouri river on the iee> 



SETTLERS OF 1856. 185 

broke through and came very near being drowned, but 
he did not give up. He tried another place, and 
reached Dakota county in safety, which, since that 
eventful day, he has called his home. Located on a 
claim just west of Homer, where he resides at the 
present time. He was born in Wurtemburg, Germany, 
August 11. 1825, and was married to Catharine Riddle 
at Sioux City, Iowa, July 28, 1860. Has two sons 
and three daughters — George C. and William; Chris- 
tiana E , EllaE. and Anna JVI. 

Benjamin F. Cha.mbees was born in "Westmore- 
land county, Pa., in May, 1882; was married to Nancy 
M. McCartney at Indiana, Pa., by Pev. David Blair, 
in August 1853; came west in the spring of 1855 and 
stopped at Grimiell, luwa, where his wife died in 
August of that year. While there he heard many 
glowing accounts of the beautiful county of Dakota, in 
tlie territory of Nebraska, and started to see for him- 
selt if they were true, arriving here on the 20th day of 
March, 1856. He at once became convinced that Ne- 
braska was good enough a country for him, and pro- 
ceeded to build the tirst house ever erected in Da- 
kota City. In the fall of that year returned to Penn- 
sylvania, and was married to Sarah A. Hull in Mar.ch. 
1857, by Rev. C. A. Carson. Returned to Dakota 
county in April of same year. The story of the 
trials and hardships in tlie years that followed 
is fresh in the minds of the pioneers.; of hard 
winters, storms and drouths; of encounters with thy 
festive n)osquitoes, and later on, the thrilling period of 
the grasshoppers, which caused suffering and devasta- 
tion to the countrj. These destructive insects swarmed 
over tlie country in great clouds, oI)scuring tlie light of 
the sun to some extent, and flying into houses, wells, 
and everywhei'e, so that it was with the greatest difli- 
<;ulty that they were kept out of the victuals on the 
table. Served thirteen months in Company I, Second 
Nebraska Cavalrj. In this connection, Mr. ChanjUej-ij 



186 waknek's history oi< Dakota coukty. 

says: "I lived on grasshopper soup for several years 
and occasionally had a mosquito sing. Paid ^5 for a 
mosquito bar and put it around my bed, but it was no 
go, the mosquitoes got inside and could not get out 
after they got full of blood." He also says that there 
were plenty of deer in the county in 1856, but the se- 
vere winter and deep snow of '56 and '57 destroyed 
most of them. Was three times elected sherifl of Da- 
kota county; was deputy United States marshal four 
years; represented Dakota and Dixon counties in the 
legislature in 1874:-'75; was register of the United 
States land office at Niobrara from May, 1876, until 
July, 1884. Has resided in Kiobrara since 1876. Has 
had four sons and four daughters, two of whom are 
dead and three are married. JMr. Chambers took 
much interest in the general welfare of Dakota county 
in its pioneer days and kelped to get it started on its 
prosperous career. 

Dr. M. Pimkerton, on the last day of March, 
1856, crossed the Missouri river at Sioux City alone iri 
an old skiff. Took a claim in Covington timber, built 
a log cabin and enjoyed the wildest looking scenery im- 
aginable. Here he lived to experience the terrors of 
that fearful winter of '56 and '57, about which to this 
day the pioneers love to tell 'dong-winded" stories. 
The prairie chickens sought the woods for protection 
from the severe weather, and would light in the large 
trees around the cabin. Mr. Pinkerton and his com- 
rade, Fitzpatrick, who was afterwards killed in Coving- 
ton, had all the chicken that they could make use of. 
At different times has held the office of county treas- 
urer, sheriff and justice of the peace. Was married to 
Martha Mershon Febvuary 20, 1861, in West Spring- 
field, Erie county, Pa.; has two children. Moved to 
Dakota City in 1865, and was there proprietor of the 
"Pinkerton House," located in the so\ith part of town. 
In 1878 moved to Glenwood, Iowa, and has lived there 
and at Tabor, Iowa, ever since. 



SETTLERS OF 1856. 187 

William Harvet Boals came to Dakota county 
April 20, 1856; was married toFlorettaA. Beardsliear 
ill December, 1872, Has one adopted son. Lives on 
a farm five miles west of Dakota City. He well re- 
members when Dakota county was one vast wilderness, 
where the wild beasts roamed unmolested and the 
streams went gliding on unobstructed by tlie hand of 
man. 

Charley Eeam came with his parents to Dakota 
county in the spring of 1856. Married to Sina Mc- 
Pherson. They have live sons and three daughters. 

George L. Boals, Jr., came to Dakota county 
April 22, 1856, and the following winter the house in 
which he lived was entirely covered up with snow. 
Was married in 1874 to Hattie Plank. Has two sons 
and three daughters. He is a farmer, and lives six 
miles west of Dakota City. 

Joachim Oesterliko stood upon the hills where 
Sioux City is now located on the otli day of May, 1856. 
and viewed the wild and fertile prairies and timber 
lands of Dakota county, wondering what the future 
years had in store for himself and the surrounding 
country. There were a few houses along the river 
bank. He opened up the Des Moines House and 
■operated it lur three years- Bought a tract of land 
above Yankton on the Nebraska side of the Missouri 
river, on v.hieh he proceeded to found the town of 
Frankfort. Erected a large hotel and other buildings; 
a postofhce was established, and he was appointed post- 
master, and just as he was about to make a fortune out 
of his new town the war came on and left hini a poor 
anan on a deserted town site. Moved to I^ iobrara in I860 
where he kept hotel and a store and served as post- 
master three jears. Came to Dakota City, arriving 
iiere in the spring of 1863. Here he worked at the 
furrier trade until 1868. While in Sioux City for a 
^?npply of raw furs in the winter of that year his resi- 



188 Warner's history of Dakota county. 

deuce, which stood near the Lutheran churcli, was 
burned to the ground, notliing being saved but a 
bureau. Was coroner of Dakota county two years. 
Built the Farmers' hotel, now the Eureka House, in 
1870, where he acted as proprietor for seventeen years. 
In 1886 he sold the hotel and built a neat residence in 
Dakota City. Was just getting comfortably settled 
in his new home when be was stricken with paralysis, 
from which he sufiered a great deal. His wife died 
on Thursday evening, March 15, 1888, at the age of 61 
years, 2 months and 2 days. The funeral took place 
March 17, conducted by Rev. W. C. McCool, all the 
children living, except three, being present. He was 
born March 21, 1821, in Hesse Darmstadt, Germany; 
crossed the ocean and came to Columbus in 1816, then 
to Cincinnati, Ohio, the next year, where he was mar- 
ried to Miss Mary E. Guyer, at tbat place, Angust 5, 
1848. To them were born ten children, of whom seven 
are living and three are dead. The next year he went 
to Indianapolis, Indiana, where he followed painting 
and glazing three years, when he moved to Terre 
Haute and then to Gosport. In 1854 he moved to 
Des Moines, Iowa, and in the spring, two years later, 
started on the crowning jonrney of his life over the 
wild, uninhabited prairies of western Iowa to the beau- 
tiful and tertile country of Nebraska, where in the years 
to come himself and family were to occupy an im- 
portant place in the general bistory of Dakota county. 
Died at Seward, Nebraska, April S", 1892. 

James Stott was a native of England. Came to 
Massachusetts in 1852, then to Connecticut; soon after 
to Wisconsin. Four years later Mr. Stott came to Da- 
kota county, Nebraska, and located on a pre-emption 
of 120 acres in the timber southeast of where Coving- 
ton now stands. Here be engaged in farming on a 
small scale and also in the wood and shingle business. 
Was appointed deputy collector of internal revenue, 



SETTLERS OP^ I806. 189 

served about five years. In the spring of 
1856 lie wa.s appointed by the commissioners as county 
assessor, and that fall was elected county clerk and held 
the office two terms; was appointed receiver of the 
government land ofifice, which he held for nearly twelve 
years. Soon after his settlement in Nebraska his wife 
died, lie was married to Mrs. C. Davis in 1868. His 
failing health compelled him to retire from all active 
business the last few years of his life. He died at his 
residence in Dakota CityJnly 16, 1882. His second 
wife and two step-children — ^John Davis and Mrs. Tim 
Carrabine — are living in the county. Three of his own 
chidren are living — ^Mrs. Yan Harden, JSiobrara, Neb.; 
Mrs. Sumner Whittier and Mrs. David Neiswanger, 
Sioux City. Iowa. His son Henry died January 5, 
1887. 

Thomas Smith, at the helm of a "prairie schooner," 
steered his way far into the great west, beyond the line 
of civilization, until on the 14th day of May, 1856, 
when his eyes first rested upon the beautiful land of 
J^Jebraska. He had never beheld such a desirable coun- 
try before, an.d forthwith determined that Dakota 
county should thenceforth be his home. Across the 
river with him came Uncle Henry Pilgrim and family. 
Camped on the river bank and went to Omadi the next 
morning, remaining there until about the middle of 
May, when he started for his claim, which he had se- 
lected about two miles south of where Homer is now 
built. His team gave out at Omaha creek and one 
horse died, so he hired William Jones to complete the 
journey for him. When he reached the Henry Ream 
place they stopped for dinner, and his wife and son 
Lewis had ague chills, "but," says Mr. Smith, "that is 
the last time they ever shook." Nebraska climate is 
not a good breeder of ague. On the 19th of May, 
1856, he was "at home" on his claim, resting from his 
long and tedious travels. His neighbors at that time 
were not visible to the naked eye, school houses had 



I'JO waeker's history or Dakota county 

not yet sprouted and the churches were God's first teirj- 
ples — the trees. But such an uncivilized state of 
things vv^as not destined to continue long. Tiie stream 
of emigration soon began to pour in and neighbors be- 
came plentiful, especially about watermelon time; 
school houses sprang up magic like, and the old church 
bell of other daYS was once more heard in the land, 
awakening in the minds of the sturdy pioneers thoughts 
of the pleasant homes and dear friends that they had 
left in other climes. The old Omadi school house, 
erected in the spring of 1857, which was the tirst one 
ever built in the county, was moved to a point less 
than a quarter of a mile north of wdiere he iived, A 
school district was organized, and Thomas Smith, Wm. 
iN'ixon, and Jesse Wigle were elected as its tirst board 
of directors. Wheii Jan)es Stott was county clerk, by 
sonie revision of the numbers of the school districts. 
this was called district No. 9, ndien it should have 
been No. 1, as it is now the oldest in the county. Thos. 
Smith was born June 21. 1823. in Darbyshire, Eng- 
land; came across the ocean in 1845 and landed in 
New York; then went to Erie county, Ohio, and froui 
there to Sandusky. In 1853 went to Iowa county, 
Iowa, and engaged in farming. Was married in Sep- 
tember, 1851, to Sarah Smith, of Erie county, Ohio. 
Had seven cliildren, three are dead. Started for jS'e- 
braska in 1856, which closes the story of another 
pioneer. 

William Pilgrim stepped no-t from the Mayflower 
upon Plymouth rock, but from a flatboat upon the 
river b?ink at Covington, on the morning of May 14, 
1856, with his father, the Uncle Henry Pilgrim, who,, 
until his death, was honored and respected throughout 
all this region. They baught a claim eight miles south 
of Dakota City, the Warner place, now known as Pil- 
grim Hill. Here he built a substantial house, bam 
and other out buildings, which decaying time has com- 
pletely raz.ed to the earth,^ and aot a single, vestige of 



SETl'LERS OF 1856. 191 

the buildings remain. At this time Col. Sites was 
grading down the military road, makicg times quite 
lively for a while. When the road was completed 
there was a great deal of travel, and William took in 
many a dollar by "giving the teams a pnll up the hill,'* 
which was very steep indeed, as many of the old pio- 
neers know fr<)m experience. When the war broke 
out he joined a company' of cavalry and marched to 
battle against the red forces of the upper country. He 
was born October 18, 1839, in Illinois, and after set- 
tlinor in Nebraska, was married to Diana Corwin June 
1, 1865. Has eight children — four sons and four 
daughters. 

Henry Pilgrim was born in 1820, in North Caro- 
lina. Afterwards resided in Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, 
Missouri, and worked two years in the mines of Colo- 
rado. Came to Dakota county in May 14, 1856, and 
settled on the place now known as the Col. W^arner 
farm. Afterwards moved to Blyburg, where he died 
January^ 11, 1880. His widow still survives him, and 
is now residing in Homer. 

JouN Ryan drove off of John Feenan's flatboat at 
Covington with a yoke of oxen and a wagon containing 
all he had in the world. May 15. 1856. Took a claim 
two miles west of Jackson, where he lived until his 
death. He was bom in 1820, in Ireland, and was mar- 
ried in 1855 to Margaret DeWire. Had nine child- 
ren, five of whom are dead. Those living are John, 
Mrs. Kate Clark, Mrs. Julia Waters and Annie. He 
died at his home, near Jackson, in 1892. 

James Ryan cametu Dakota county May 15, 1856, 
and took a claim two miles west of Jackson. Died in 
the fall of 1863. His wife and two children — James 
and Catharine — live on the old place. 

John Naffziger found his way to Dakota county 
in the spring of 1856, and opened up the first store 



192 WAL'>."r.K"p HISTORY or PAKOTA a)UNTY 

ever established at Dakota City. Served as county 
judge one term and as coinmissioner two terms. Rep- 
resented Dakota county in the 5tli, 6th and 7tli sessions 
of the state legislature, and has held other minor offices. 
Married to Miss Lnrinda Packard. Has two sons and 
four daughters — William and Frank; Mrs. George 
Xiebulir, Mrs. Henry Niebuhr, Mrs. Harriet VVanhoz 
and Mrs. John Grimm. John JNaffziger was born in 
Bavaria, and came to America in 1826. Has always 
been a prominent and energetic citizen since he settled 
in Dakota county. His wife died July 5, 1891. 

William Adair, as conductor of a ''praii-ie 
scho(^ner" loaded with provisions and drawn by three 
yoke of oxen, with D. W. Lowry as assistant, wended 
his way over the uninhabited prairies of northwestern 
Iowa, until the 22d day of May, 1856, when he beheld 
the beautiful Missouri va'ley, but it was a dili'erent 
sight Irom that which we behold in 1893. No beauti- 
ful faruis and pleasant liomes, no towns or villages 
dotted its surface — all was wild jungles and lonely 
prairies. He crossed the Missouri river at 18ergeant 
BlutiS and landed upon JN'ebraska soil in what he sup- 
posed from previous reports was the thriving town uf 
Dakota City, but no town was to be seen. Ko sign of 
habitation. Nothing but willows as far as the eye 
could penetrate. He started westward along a path, 
and going over a mile, he came to one lonesome look- 
ing house, wliicJj constituted the town of Dakora Ciry. 
Jt consisted of four log walls, dirt roof, no floor, one 
hole for a door and another for a window. The build- 
ing was occupied by B. I^\ Chambers, John McQuilkin 
and Samuel McCartney, and afterwards became the 
"Chihuahua House,'-' under the management of Dr. J. 
D. M. Ci'ockwell. Took a chii.u adjoining Dakota 
City on the west,- a portion of it now being the Cheney 
farm. Built a log house and spent the remainder of 
the season breakin<»: on his own land and others, doing: 



SETTLERS OF 1856. 19 3 

his cooklnu; all suininer on a log tire in front of his 
cabin, utilizing it at night to drive away mosquitoes. 
Next year sold his claim and bought another one half a 
mile farther west, a portion of which he owns at the 
present time. Farmed during 1857, '58 and '59. 
Moved to ISioLix City in the fall of 1859, and taugir: 
school till July, lotk), when he resigned and came lo 
Dakota City to sell goods forC. F. Eckhart, with whom 
he remained until 1870, when he went into the real 
estate business, and continued there i:ntil the spring ut' 
1877, when he was appointed clerk ac Ft. Ftck agency, 
Montana, which place he left in the fall of 1880, owing 
lo the failing health of one of his children. Was ap- 
pointed postal clei-k on the Sioux City and Omaha rail- 
road in the-springof 1881, which position he now holds. 
Was appointed treasurer of Dakota county by the board 
of commissioners, to till nn unexpired term, in 1,863, 
and at the next election was chosen for another term. 
Was a member of tlie board of regents of the State 
University for nine year.-, being elected by the state 
legislature for a term of three years, ai.d at its close was 
elected by the people for a term of six years. Has been 
a prominent member of the Methodist church for a 
number ot years, and an active Sabbath school worker 
in Dakota City, wliere his family has resided continu- 
^)usly since July, 1860. Was married, the second 
time, to Martha l'\ Ford, of Griunell, lowa» Noveml)er 
11, 1857. ll:vs ten cliiidreu livi;i_r. six sons and four 
daughcei-s. His two oldest daughters are resting in 
the cemetery at Dakota City. He was ;)orn in West- 
moreland county, Pa., Aprd 17, 1832. Spent his 
earlier years on a farm, until at the age of 16 ye;irs, 
when he went to West Lebanon, Indiana county, Pa., 
aiul M^as engaged in teacliing school and in the mercan- 
tile business. Was married to Isabella McCartney, of 
SoutJi P.end, September 15, 1853. She died April 12. 
1855. In June, 1855, he shipped a stock of goods from 



194 Warner's HiSTCtRY of Dakota ( orNTY. 

Pittsburg, Pa., by river to Muscatine, Iowa. Went to 
Griiinell, Iowa, in a iiack (b'a^vn by lour horses, which 
were (h'iven by himself. Opened up a geneml store, 
and the next spring sokl out and, as we have stated be- 
fore, launched his "prairie schooner" upon the wild 
praii'ies of tlie west, and came to JN^ebraska to "ii;row up 
with the country" and to be numbered among lier up- 
right and honorable citizens. Here he has watche:! 
the mai'ch of civilization; the settlement ofawild conn- 
try; the work of the ax and breaking plow; the rise of 
towns and villages, and every industry that helps to 
make a rich and prosperous country. ThirtT-six years 
ago he plodded along behind two yoke of oxen and a 
breaking plow on his claim west of Dakota City, to- 
day he rides over the selfsame ground on the cars as a 
postal clerk. 

David Boals was born in Center county, Pa., and 
after learning the carpenter trade, came to Dakota 
county in April, 1S56. Married in his native state in 
1847, to Hannah J. Boyd, who was one of the Hrst 
white women to arrive at Dakota City. Took a clain» 
about five miles west of Dakota City, wliere they live:! 
to endure the hardships of pioneer life, and to wittiess 
the storms and the sunshine of the years to the present 
time. Has been a inen:iber of the school board of his 
district tor many years. Has two sons and two d.-iugh- 
ters — William H., George L., Mrs. Marenda Plank and 
Lizzie. Sarah A. died July 4, 1856, and was either 
the first or second white child buried in the county. 

WiLLiA ! BouTON was born in Delaware county. 
N". Y., and came to Dakota county in the spring of 
1856. Took a claim about four miles northwest of Da- 
kota City, whei-e he has resided to the present time, 
witnessing the transformation of the wild prairies into 
rich and prosperous farms. Was married to Rose 
Bates, sister of Leonard Bates, April 4. 1861, by Pev. 
Brown. She died, and he was married a second tiuiCs 



SETTLERS OF 1856. 1^5 

to SiiSiin Biggei'staff. Has live children, two sons •.i\\i\ 
tliree chmgiiters. 

G. IlATTENHAcn Came to Dakota county and 
opened up a grocsry store in Ornadi, in the spring of 
1850. Whs one of the founders of Covington. Died 
in Sioux City, where five children now live — Nathan, 
Ludwig, Mitchel, David and Mrs. D. A. Magee. Two 
of his clKldi-en ai'e in Deadwond, S. D. — -Joseph and 
Aaron. 

Patrick O'Neil was born in Ireland in March, 1825. 
Married there to Bridget McNauiara, April 12, 1817. 
and Hi-rived in America Jurie 17, of the same year. On 
the lOth day of May, 1856, he found his \vay to Da- 
kota county, wliere he has lived to the present time, on 
a farm near Jackson. Has three sons and three 
daughters— Stephen, Michael, Henry, Mary, Margaret 
and Alice. Mr. O'Xeil has lived to see Dakota county 
changed from "one vast wilderness" to a rich and pros- 
perous land, as we behold it to-day. In 1883 he took a 
ti'ip back to old Ireland, and enjoyed himself ve'-y 
much. 

Daniel Duggan, guided by the invisible hand of 
Destiny, found liis way to Dakota county, June 1, 1856, 
and located on aclaitn above the pi'csetit town of Jack- 
son Here he lived to see the once wild country 
jiround him l)edecked with comfortable homes and en- 
terprising towns and villages. Was at one time a niem^ 
bei- of the legislature, i-cpresenting Dakota county; 
held several offices of responsibility in the countv, 
such as county coiumiseioner, etc. Was one of the 
thiee conimissionei's appointed by the seci'etary of the 
intei-ior to appraise the Oraaha Indian knds in 1883. 
Took a deep interest in all public movements', was a 
]ife long Democmt. «nd from the earliest titnee was an 

i active participant in all political campaigns, which en- 
titled bin) to be known as a leader of his party. Was 



196 waknee'b history oi' Dakota county. 

citizen, and accumulated considerable property'. He 
was born in Canavee, County Cork, Ireland, February 
20, 1822. Was married to Catharine Lucy, February 
18, 1846. Came to America in 1852, arriving at Bos- 
ton in May of that year, and proceeded to the ''far 
west." Died at his home in Summit precinct, Dakota 
county, Neb., on Saturday, August 14, 1886, at 9 p. m,, 
aged 64 years, 5 months and 24 days. His disease 
was dropsey. Had been complaining for some six 
months, but was confined to his bed but two months. 
The funeral, whicii was on Monday, August 16, 1886, 
was very large, friends from all parts of the county 
and many from Sioux City, being in attendance. The 
services were conducted by Rev. Father Clements, of 
Hubbard, under the rites of the Catholic church, of 
which the deceased liad been a member for many years. 
It will be remembered that the very day on whicli he 
died the pioneers and old settlers of Dakota county 
were holding their fifth annual reunion in Hileman's 
grove. He had been their vice president for two years» 
and the greatest sympathy was expressed for their ab- 
sent member. Resolutions to this effect were unani- 
mously adopted by the- association, with a rising vote — 
honors such as no other old settler had ever received 
from the society. It was a touching and fitting token 
of remembrance kindly paid to one of the oldest pio- 
neers. His wife and seven children survive him, six 
sons and one daughter — -Dennis, lerry F., Corneliu- 
H., Daniel E., John C, Michael J. and Katie L. 

DAXIEL DUGGAN. 

Behold that man upon the bier 
A noble, honest pioneerl 

On Nebraska's virgin soil 

He began with pluck to toil. 

And with pluck and wisdom . mixed 
He launched his plow betwixt, 

Where coyote and savage trod 

And broke the maiden sod.. 



I 



SETTLERS OF 1856. 197 

With iron will and manly strength 
Me saw himsslf at length 

Surrounded with kine and golden grain, 

His noble work of hand and brain. 

Hut alas! for human strife, 
Man is doomed to part from life, 
Whether rich or poor, 
Death knocks at his hall and door. 

Friend and patron of my muse. 
These feeble lines of mine excuse. 
Accept and not decline 
As they are sent to thee and thine. 
Hubbard, Aug. 16, 1886, L. E. 

Francis A. Kobinson whs born January 12, 1825. 
ill Alaiichester, Indiana. Came to Dakota City, May 
28,1856. Took a cJaim one-half mile north of that 
town, and i?aw the iirst paper ever printed in Dakota 
City taken from die pre^s. Married to Zernah Fisher. 
January 12, 1859, in Whiteside county, Illinois. }1\9, 
wife died, leaving one soti, 0. Elmer. 

Michael McKiveugan was horn in 1827,in Ireland 
and came to America iS'ovember. 1848, remaining in 
Mew York six years. Came to Dakota county June 1, 
1856, with Father Treoy's colony. His wife died that 
winter in Omadi. Took a claim in the spring of 1857, 
hut on account ol extrenie hard times he failed to pay 
for it, and it went into other lunds. Took a homestead, 
where he now lives, six miles due west of Jackson, 
which is a good, comfortable home. Was married a 
second time, in 1863, and h is ten children living. 

Samuel Sijltll was bom in Ohio, in 1832, and 
moved with his parents to Indiana in 1837, thence to 
Iowa in the fall of 1855. In the spring of 1856 crossed 
wver the Missouri river to take a look at JS^ebraska, and 
iinding it to be an excellent country, located that fall 
•on Fiddlers' creek, where he lived to see the wild conn> 
try around him settle up with thrifty farmers. Moved 
to Montana in 1879, where he is at present residing. 



198 wabneb's history of Dakota county. 

Patbick Twohict crossed the Missouri river at 
Sioux City on John Feenau's llatboat on Saturday, 
June 1, 1856, in company witli Father Trecy's colony. 
As he slowly wended his way along behind his ox 
team, he gazed out upon the wild and uninhabited 
prairies of the Missouri bottom, little dreaming what 
vast changes the fleeting years would bring about. 
That night the entire colony camped on the banks of 
what is now Crystal lake, then the Missouri river, and 
just as the sun was peeping over the eastern hills on 
Sunday morning, June 2, 18u(3,they broke camp and 
moved on to St. Johns. He took a trip up Elk Creek 
valley that evening, and selected the claim where he 
lived until his death, March 5, 1891, four miles west of 
Jackoon. In the winter of '50 and '57 chopped 210 
coi-ds of wood at 50 cents a cord, in the timber south 
of Dakota City. Time? were hard, and he was forced 
to sell his work cattle for ^52 to get numey to prove 
up on his claim. Having borrowed ^j5U0 to pay his 
expenses on his journey west, and expending it all, he 
was in embarassing circumstances, hut the pioneers 
were not easily battled. He went to work with a de- 
termination to succeed, and to-day his linanciai stand- 
ing shows what pluck and courage will do, Was mar- 
ried to Katharine Jones, September 7, 18G2, in Jack- 
son. Enlisted soon after in Company I, Fir^t Ne- 
braska Cavalry. His son, Janjes P., held the othce of 
county clei-k three terms. 

Michael MoCokmiciv came to Dakota county June 
1, 1856, and took a claim, which is part of the present 
site of Jackson. Was one of the founders of that 
town. Died September 28, 1880. There are two sons- 
and two daughtert: — ^lichael J., Kobert H., Mrs. Sarah 
Erlnch and Mrs. Mury Da\ey. 

James Kelehan was born December 26, ISdl, \n 
Ireland, and c;ime to Dakota county June 1, 1856, with 
Father Trecy's colony. Was one of the founders of 



I 



SETTLERS OF 1856. 199 

(^ovin<Tton. Married in the full of 1855 to Bridcret 
Miuminij^. She died October 11, 1881. There are two 
children living — Matthew and Delia. Four children 
have died. 

James McHenry was horn September 13,1837, in 
St. Louis, Mo., where he lived until 1856, when he 
was employed by the JMorthwestern Fur company, and 
took p-issatre on a steamer for the upper Missouri 
I'iver, landing in Dakota county at old Omadi, June 9, 
1856. The boat then proceeded to Ft. Randall, where 
he worked for the fur company at their trading post at 
that place. In 1861 he established a store in Vermil- 
lion, Dakota Territory. He went into the army in the 
fall of the same year. Again settled at Verujillion in 
1865, where he was engaged in the mercantile and mill- 
ing business. Was married to Mary F. Jones, one ot 
the early scliot>l teachers of the county, in J\lay, 1865, 
at Jackson, Neb. In 1877 located in Jackson, and run 
a saw mill there; moved to the Logan valley in 1879, 
where he was proprietor of a gri^t mill near Wakefield. 
Moved to the fai'iu along the northicrn boundaiy of the 
Winnebago reservation, where he now resides, in 1888; 
since which time he has been engaged in farming, and 
in the milling business in Blyburg and south of Dakota 
City, two miles. Has six children living — two 
sons and four daughters. 

o 

Thomas B. Jones was born April 16, 1842, in 
New York, and came with Father Trecy's colony to 
Dakota county, June 1, 1856. Married in 1868 to 
Oatharino Ryan. Has ten children — -James J., John 
F., Thomas 1)., Mary Ellen, Sarah B., Katie, Maggie. 
Laura. Hattie and I^ucy. Lives on his father's old 
place, four miles west of Jackson. 

CiiAULEi BoYi.E was bom in 1808, in Belfast, Ire- 
land, and at the age of 22 years, came across the ocean 
to Philadelpliia, La. Lived live years a few miles 
c-outhwest of Dubuque. Iowa. In the summer of 1856 



200 Warner's history of Dakota oocnty. 

came with a colony of Catholics from the latter place 
and settled on a tract of land adjoinin<y old St. Johns. 
A portion of the colony came a month before, under 
the charge of Father Trecy. He had ten children, six 
of whom are living— Mrs. Mtiggie IIoltain,of Rey- 
nolds, Indiana; llrs. John 13. AiyeiP, Homer; Mrs. 
Ella Bnrd, H. S. and Patrick H., of Emerson; Michael 
M., Jackson. 

Charles C. I'liven was bi>rn Oetol)er 30, 1811, 
in Washington county, Khode Island. At about the 
age (if ten years he c^;H)e^vith his piU'ents to Allega- 
ny county, iVew York, where he learned the carpenter 
trade. In about 1832 came to Tioga county, Pa., and 
followed the carpenter trade. In 1842 canjo to Ivock 
county. Wis., and worked at his ti'ade. In 1850 re- 
moved to Fayette county, lov/a. Also worked at his 
trade in Davenport, Iowa, building the lirst frame 
building there. Was married a second time, Febrnarv 
20. 1867. In 1853 came to Minnesota. Two years 
later returned to Davenport. In 1856 came to Dakota 
county, and worked at his trade until 1862, when he 
removed to Henry county. III; in 1866 to Washin;j:ton 
county 111., and returned to Dakota county in 1870, 
where he located on a farm six miles due south of Da- 
kota City, built a substautifd dwelling, good barn, and 
improved his farm in general. Mr. Bliven was always 
a quiet, peaceable and upright citizen, with a large cir- 
cle of friends and few enemies. In 18S3 his wife died. 
]\lr. Bliven then lived with his daughter, Mrs. Anna 
Bougus, urjtil his death, August 17, 1884. 

L. M. Huffman was borji in 1843, and came to 
Dakota county with his step-father, Isaac Monroe, 
June 2J, 1856. ^larried to Fidela Shook. Has three 
sons and three daughters. Two children have died. 
Lives in Blyburg. 

Isaac Monroe came to Dakota county June 20. 
1856, and settled on a farm south of Homer, Died in 



SETTLERS OF 1856. 201 

Kansas Jiily'4, 18S0. There are two of his own child- 
ren and one step-son living — John, Mary Monroe and 
L. M. Huffman. 

Robert Collingwood came to Dakota county 
June, 185G. Died in western Nebraska, leavinjj eighc 
children, two of whom reside in Dakota county — Mrs. 
Woods Hileman and LeRoy. Mrs. John Brassfield, 
Mrs, Will Crosby and Bird live in Woodbury county, 
Iowa. 

John Braunt crossed the Missouri river into Da- 
kota county with his father, Jeremiah Braunt, June 26, 
1S56, and settled on the old Josiah Davis place. Was 
married to Mary E. Pilgrim. Has one son and two 
(laughters — John H., Julia and Lillie. Lives on the 
old Spencer Moore place, one mile north ot Homer. 

James Garner was born in 1815, and celebrated 
the 4tli of July, 1856, by settling in Dakota county, 
where he i-emained until 1865, when he removed to 
Waterloo, JN'el). He died at that place Fridny, March 
1^1, 1800. leaving two sons — Aleck and Leander; four 
(laughters — Mrs. Wm. Armour, Mrs. Hattio Boden- 
bender, JVlrs. James Ashley and Mrs. John Paige. 

Col. Charles D. Martin, stood upon the deck of 
the "Arabia" on the evening of July 8, ]856, and as 
she passed ai'ound the high bluffs below Blyburg his 
eyes for the first time rested upon Dakota county. In 
those days Col. Martin was young and in his prime — 
seeking a home in the ^"far west " The steamer landed 
at Omadi and unloaded a steam saw mill for A. H. 
Baker & Co., and while this was being done he went 
ashore and took in the town. It was night when the 
boat hinded at Covington, and the next morning found 
him on an exploring journey in search of a home. 
After looking over the country thoroughly, he located 
on a pre-emption near Covington and east of the lake. 
He was looking abend in the year:.? to come. Purchas- 
ing another piece of land further down the river, he 



202 WAKNEE^S HISTORY OP DAKOTA COUKTY. 

said to his friends: '-Isow I liave two pieces oi: land 
and as the country grows in wealth and prosperity 
there is certain to be a raih-oad bnilt across the river 
at Sioux City and thence southward, and it is bound 
to cross one or the other of these tracts of bind," We 
will now follow hiui down through the years and see 
how far sighted he was. He set to work building a 
log cabin, lived in a tent, used water of Covinoton la):e 
and found it healthy. In October, 1856, went down 
to Oniadi in company with Alonzo JMoses, and pur- 
chased a keg of nails of Wni. C. j\lcBeath, paying 
therefor 10 cents per pound, while at the same time 
Sioux City merchants were selling them at 12^ cents 
per pound. They passed over the ground on whicli now 
stands Dakota City and found but one log house, 
covered with dirt far a roof, which was ounied by J. 
D. M. Crockwell, who was the founder of Dakota City. 
September 11, 1856, moved his family into the pre- 
emtiou cabin which after the lapse of more than thii'ty 
years of changing scenes is still standing — a time 
lionored land mMrk of the early settlement of our 
county and a relic of tlie years that have passed away. 
Purchased a shingle mill in November and manufact- 
nre<l shingles all through that cold and stormy winter 
of '56 and ^57, which will ever be reinembeied for its 
tb)'ty days of continuous freezin<jj weather. Was np- 
appointed postmaster at Covinii^ton In 1858; was also 
justice of the }>eace. May 1851. appointed clerk oi.' tl;e 
U. S. district court for the Third judicial district of 
the territory of Nebraska and held that othice six 
years. In 1864 w^as appointed receiver of the U. S. 
land office for Dakota City land district and held tluit 
o-fBce four years and seven months, and on settlement 
of accounts was found short two cents, which amount 
was at once forwarded to the First National Bank of 
Omaha. In October, 1877, Col. Martin boucrht one- 
half of the Nebraska Eagle: afterwards sold his in^ 
terest and founded the Argus in May^ 1880. Daring 



I 



SETTLERS OF 18.56. 203 

hi? Jonnuilistic life lie had written a continued story — 
''The Conflict; Love or Money" — and published in the 
Eagle and the Argus, which is remarkable for its great 
number of chapters and the liberal comments it receiv- 
ed at the hands of the Nebraska newspaper men. His 
wife died April 16, 1887, of congestive chills, leaving- 
three daughters and one son. In the fall of 1886 Soutii 
Sioux City was laid out along the east baid^s of Silvei- 
Lake, adjoining his old pre-emption. Land rapidly 
increased in valuation anci in tlie spring of '87 tjje town 
l)egan to boom. The first of J une, 1887, Col. ivlartin 
laid out his pre-emption land. What a contrast be- 
tween the two scenes — that of settling on his pre-emp- 
tion inl856and layingitout in town lots in 1887! A life 
time often embraces aperiod of many wonderful changes. 
Was married a second time to Louita Hansen of Jackson 
county. Minn., July 18, 1888. He died at South 
Sioux City in 1891. Col. Martin was born March 26. 
1817, in Bath, Grafton county, "New Hampshire, At- 
tended tlie public schools ten years and remembered 
when Kev;. David Sutherland was paid his salary as 
minister by taxing all property holders. At 18 years 
if age attended a Literary Institute in Loraine county, 
: )iiio, and there studied the languages four years. 
Taught school in ]\[iami county, Ohio, in 1839 and 
traveled as a missionary in Ohio up to 1841. Then 
l)ecame postmaster in Athens county , Ohio, and was 
married at that place to Nancy Dunlap, May 6, 1843. 
Moved to western Pennsylvania and then to Xew 
Orleans, December. 1849. Spent the year of 1850 in 
southern Arkansas near the Lonisana line; moved to 
,-outhern Illinois in 1855, and then to Leavenworth, 
Kansas, where he took passage on the steamer, "Ara- 
bia," for Covington, Nebraska. This completes the 
story of a busy life. 

William Fkazier was born in York county, Penn- 
tsylvania, Noveufber 7, 1820. Came from Council 
Bluifs, Iowa, to Dakota county on the steamer Arabia 



204 Warner's histc»rt of Dakota coui^rrT. 

landing here June 8tlr 1850. lie settled near Coving- 
ton where he has resided to the present time, witne.->s- 
ing the transformation ofawikJand uninhabited land 
to a rich and thickly settled community, as we behold 
it today. Married to Catharine Donlen at Dakota 
City, by Prof. Samuel Aughey, May 2, 1867. Post- 
office, South Sioux City. 

Andrew Johns was born 1834, in Ohio, and came 
to Dakota county, July 13, 1856, settled in Blybiirg, 
where his wife died leaving two sons — George W. and 
Joseph H.; three daughters— Mrs. Wesley McPherson. 
Mre. Cora Stubbs and Mrs. Sarah A. Harris. P. O. 
St. James. 

D. W. Griffy in company with W. C. McBeath 
followed an old Indian trail from Omadi to Covington 
in the summer of 1856, and along their Journey tiiey 
saw no signs of civilization. I). W. Griffey was born 
June 24, 1834, in Kentucky. Was married a second 
time to Florence McConnell. Has one son, Martin W. 
Was one of the first party that evei- reached Pike's 
Peak, in 1858- Enlisted in the war for the Union, 
in 1st, and 2nd. Colorado Cavah-y, aud fought the 
''bush-whackers" of Missouri. Postoffice, Dakota City. 

Thomas Curran was born in Tipperary Co., Ireland, 
December 23, 1823, where he was married, and came 
to Dakota county, in the summer of 1856. Kept the 
first store in St. Johns. His wife died in 1861 leaving 
three children — John, James and Maggie. He mar- 
ried a second wife, whu died in 1877, leaving two 
children — Thomas and Mary. He died at his residence 
in Summit precinct, March 21, 1890, of lung fever. 

Henry F. Shull Avas born November 1. 1S40, in 
DeKaib county, Indiana. Moved to Iowa in fall of 
1855, and on the 15th day of August, 1S56, stood for 
the first time upon the soil of Dakota county, in com- 
pany with his father Daniel Shull. Was employed as 



SETTLERS OF 1856. 205 

■ )()k at the Sluill niid Ilartmaii shingle mill in Oinadi, 
;id afterwai'ds cooked in Menry Ream's hotel. Bought 
chuH) on Fiddlers Creek, and moved there with the 
: linll family in the fall of 1856, where he still resides 
thi-ee nnies west of Homer. Married January 17, 1882, to 
Olive Taylor, a daughter of Win. Taylor. lias three 
(laiicrhters — Hattie, Nellie and Effie. 

Patrick Ryan was born in Tipperary county 
Ireland, 1827, and came to Dakota county, September 
8, 1856. Took a claim in what is now knuwji as Sum- 
mit precinct, and soon afterwards built a comfortable 
residence. Was married to a daughter of Wm. Tlogan 
shortly after coming to Nebraska. Was a hard work- 
ing njan, accumnlating considerable property on his 
farm, and elected County Commissioner .on the Demo- 
cratic ticket, November 6, 1877, but died January 18, 
1880. before the expiration of his term of office. His 
wife having died October 11, 1871, leaving three child- 
ren, one daughter and two sons, who are still living — 
one, Wm. li. elecled sheriff in 1889. The daughter 
(lied Kebrua'T, 1872. 

John Joyce took his first tramp in Dakota county 
from Covington to the old town of Logan, on the 
morning of November 26, 1856, and as he plodded 
along he had ample opportunity to view the wild land 
which everywhere met his gaze. He little dreamed of 
the vast changes which a few fleeting years would bring 
to this uninhabited country as well as to his own 
iinancial standing. Lived in Logan in the winter of 
'56 and '57 and made rails and cut saw logs. The 
snow was over four feet deep in the timber and the 
weather it! tensely cold, i)uc still he worked on, and to- 
day as you drive by his pleasant countrj' home, four 
miles M^estof Dakota City, just remember how he' got 
his start in the world. Took a claim in Brushy Bend 
timber and afterwards bought the farm where he now 
lives of Horace Dutton. There was another wise thing 



OOG wakkkk's history or Dakota county 

he did to get a start on the road to fortune, and tluit 
was to marry Miss Phoebe Wigie, sister of Jesse Wigle, 
November 14, 1861- The wedding took place at the 
residence of the l)ride's brother, wliicli stood on what 
is now known as tlie Capt. O'Connor lane, Rev. Tiirrnan 
otficiating. They at once moved to his farm where they 
liave ever since resided, and witnessed the t^ettling up 
of the wild land around them. Have adopted three 
ciiildren and celebrated their silver weddinir, Novembei' 
14,1886. John Joyce was born June 5, 1837, in 
Duchess county, N. Y.; was educated in the public 
schools. At tiie age of 12 years \vent to Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin, where he was engaged in farming. J.eft 
Wisconsin in the spring of 1856 for Iowa and thence to 
Nebraska. 

Patrick Auesn was born in 1827, and came to 
Dakota county in 1856. Lived in the western part of 
the county until his death, April 7, 1874. 

William Gribble was born in 1828, in England, 
»and came to America about 1834. settling in Dakota 
county in 1856- Took a claim in Brushy Bend. Mar- 
ried to Lorinda Logan about 1855- Died in 1881 ai, 
Sioux City, Iowa, leaving a wife and four daughters. 

David Shull was born in Indiana, in 1848, and 
came to Dakota county October 14, 1856, taking a 
claim on Fiddlers Creek, January 1, 1857, where he 
has remained continuously to the present time. Wlien 
Samuel Watts came along in 1857, surveying tiie county 
he found that <nit of the entire luale population along 
this creek, thirteen in number, all were tiddlers but 
David. Watts immediately named it Fiddlers Creek. 
Was married to Anna Winkhans, ]\I;irch 13, 1879. He 
established ''Hillside Daii-y" on his farm two and one- 
ha,lf miles west of Homer, in 1881. Died in July, 
1891, leaving a wife and one daughter. 

i\Mos Lami'son wliile in the prime of life turned 
his iace westward and crossed the Missouri river into 



# 





COL. CHARLES D. MAETIN. 



(See page 201.) 



SETTLERS OF 1856. 209 

Dalsota county, October 25, 1856. He had come to see 
for himself if the wonderful stories he had iieard of 
Nebraska were true, and he was not long in coming 
to the conclusion that he had found a land in which 
he wished to spend the remainder of his days. He 
moved his family to Dakota county in November of 
the same year. Early in the month ice began run- 
ning in the rivei- and everything indicated that an ex- 
tremely severe winter was at hand. He is one of the 
few who still live to tell about that ever memorble cold 
;ind stormy vvinter of '56 and '57. He lived in Omadi 
that winter. Hearing about the wonderful rushes around 
Blyburg lake where stock were successfully wintered 
without hay or grain, he tried the experiment, but be- 
fore winter was half over he lost every head of his cattle. 
The following spring moved down to Blyburg and 
opened up two wood yards on the bank of the river. 
Those who had occasion to visit Blyburg in early days 
will remember the big bend in that locality — it was a 
few hundred yards by land across the neck, but a num- 
ber of miles by water. Well, at the lower end of the 
bend he had a wood yard, also one at the upper end, 
and lie generally wooded up a steam boat from his first 
yard, then in tlie afternoon or the next day would step 
across tiie narrow isthmus and sell wood from his other 
yard to the same boat, which had been a day or so in 
getting around the big bend, filled with ugly snags and 
trencherous sand-bars. So you see this is the way Mr. 
Lampson utilized the crookedness of the "old muddy'' 
and made "piles of money" thereby. This was one kind 
of "crookedness" that was "straightforward." In Oc- 
tober, 1861, he joined the army against the Indian foes; 
served until May, 1862. Can remember when Blyburg 
was all prairie except large elm trees next to the lake 
and river, and the grass grew to a great height. While 
riding on a large horse through the grass, was wet to 
the shoulders with the dew, so the reader can easily 
imagine how tall the grass must have been. Amos 



210 Warner's history of dakota county. 

Larapson was born July 24, 1815, in Byron, Genesee 
county, Kew York. At the age of twenty-one moved to 
Wisconsin and built a bi'idge ?-crosfe Fox river. Hewed 
every stick of the timber, planks and all. "Worked in 
a mili in Missouri five years and was nsarried to Anna 
Jackson, of Clark county, Missouri, in 1843. Mo\e(l 
to Lee county, Iowa, then to Clark county, and iji Oc- 
tober, 1856, started for Nebraska. His wife died in 
Homer, September 5, 1888, leaving nine childi-en- — four 
sons, Albert, George, "William and Frank; live daugh- 
ters, Mrs. Lorenzo Whitehorn, Mis. Caleb Lane, Mrs. 
Elias Shook, Efiie and Florence. 

Gen. Joseph Hollm.an was born in Williamsport, 
Washington county, Maryland, April 29, 1825. At- 
tended Jefferson college, Pennsylvania, and afterwards 
studied law at Ilagerstown. He caught the "westei'n 
fever,' and leaving his home January 19, 1846. jour- 
neyed to Lee county, Iowa, where two years later he 
was elected prosecuting attorney. Was appointed by 
President Pierce as United States district attorney for 
Nebi-aska territory, and settled in Dakota county on 
May, 1856, on his pre-emption adjoining Dakota City, 
whicli he still tnvns. Ileretnrned to Lee county. L»vva, 
in 1859, where he was elected as state senator. After 
remaining there for a few years he again came to Da- 
kota county, where he has ever taken an acti\e pavt in 
all pui>lic affairs pertaining :o the welfare ot the peo- 
ple. It is not nei es>aiy to give further sketch of his 
life here, as ;i full account is given in dilieient parts 
of this book. 

Samuel WiirrEiiOKN was born in Rutland county. 
Vermont. Went to Yates county at the age of se\en- 
tf^en, where he learned the tailoring trade. iXcxt moved 
to Ontario county, nnd ther.ce to Seneca, Falls in LS87. 
where he worked at his trade two ye^irs. Came to [);'- 
kota county No\-ember 20. 1856, and settled in kogaii. 
where he kept a boarding house. Movt'd to Dakota City 



«. 




'^:i^' 



'n 



GEN. JOSEPH HOLLMAN. 



SKTTLKRS OF 1856. 213 

the following year and opened up a brick yard, manu- 
facturing the first brick made in Dakota City. In 1872 
located on a farm three miles west of Dakota City, where 
he lived until he moved to the state of Washington. En- 
listed in 1862, in Co. I, 2nd Nebraska Cavalry and 
served thirteen months. Married. October 17, 1837, 
to Mary Beach of Seneca Falls, New York. She died 
June 11, 1846, leaving two sons — Leander and Lor- 
enzo, and a daughter who is dead. Was mai'ried a 
second time to Sarah A. Evans, of Seneca Falls, New 
York. Has three children living by his second wife — 
one son and two daughters, George C, Mrs. Ralph 
Goodwin and Nellie. His daughter, Emma F., who 
was loved and respected by a large number of friends 
died August 21,1889. 

Alanson Baker came to Dakota county, Novem- 
ber, 1856, and helped Father Martin to manufacture 
shingles near Covington. Married to Lizzie George — 
a sister of Mrs. E. L. Wilbur. Has one s<»n and two 
daughters, Alanson, Sarah and Avis. Lostofhce, Ak- 
ron, Iowa. 

Crittenden McDonald came to Dakota county 
November 20, 1856, was afterwards badly hurt by fall- 
ing from a tall cottonwood tree, where he liad clinibed 
after an eagle's nest, and soon afterwards went ea^t. 

William H. Collins came to Dakota county in 
1856, lost a lot of cartle that winter. At that time 
owned the Adam Sides farm, enlisted in Co. I., 2nd 
Nei)raska cavalry. He afterwards wont to Missouri 
where he died. 

Alexander Foito came to Dakota county in the 
fall of 1856. Lived in Omadi, afterwards moved to 
Dunlap, Iowa, where he now resides. Has two chil- 
dren, Charles S. and Mrs. Julia Pease of Dunlap, Iowa. 

Charles S. Ford was born June 17, 1847, in Buf- 
falo, N. Y.; came with his parents to Dakota county in 



214 Warner's history oj* Dakota colnt^ . 

the fall of 185(] and helped his father put up hay ueai- 
Oiiiadi. Attended the first school e\er tanght in the 
eonnty, atOmadi,by Miss Pntnani, afterwards attended 
school at the same place taught by Di'. G. W. Wilkin- 
son. His parents moved to Serg'eant I;5inlf.- and soon 
afterwards returned to iS'ebi-aska, locating on tlie Tim 
JMnrphy phw;e, north of where llonier now stands. 
From here they went to DesMoiues, Iowa. Chus. Ford 
again returned to Dakota City in 1867 and was em- 
ployed in the Bates IJonse. Taught school in a little 
old school house that stood near Col. [jainl's old honse; 
went to Ponca and taught two tei'ms ot scho:)l in 18GU. 
In 1870 opened up a general stoi'e near the Oaks' mill, 
and in the fall of 1871 he and Sim A. Comb.s bonght 
the Fi-ontier Mills. Here in connection with the mill- 
ing business he operated a general store near by. Was 
married to Harriett Myers, iSeptembei- 17, 1872, at 
-Jackson, Neb. Sold his share in the miil to ('ol. Baird 
m the fall of 1873 and moved tu Ponca wheie he bonght 
out Scimnel Gamble's storo and remained in this busi- 
ness until 1881, when he moved to Bancroft and opened 
np a general store. In 1883 he sold out and again 
moved to Ponca and built a large skating rink 3r).'vllO 
leet, with a gallery on all sides. This was said to have 
been the finest skating rink this side of Omaha. The 
"■roller skate craze" became vei-y dull and he sold the 
building. In the spring o" 1888 started the hrst h:ird- 
ware store in Homer with Hugh Myei'S, under th? firm 
name of Ford & Myers. He soon afterwards houglit 
Myers' share. Has five children, four sons and one 
daughter. JVlr. Ford has l)een an eye witness to most 
of the improvements which we heboid in Dakota, county 
to-day and is now located and doing business within 
three miles of the place where he first lived in the 
county more than thirty-five yeai's ago. "Was apiioinled 
postmaster at Homer in 1893. 

John "W. Vkkdkn came to Dakota county in 185() 



SETTLEKS OF 1856. 215 

and began operatljjg a saw mill iu Covington, October, 
1856. Afterwards run a saw mill in Brushy Bend. 
Went to Colorado and built another saw mill. He 
also had three brothers, Frank, Thomas and Daniel, all 
early settlers of Logan. 

Stephen Ullery came to Dakota county in 1856 
and engaged in the mercantile business in Omadi. 
Afterwards moved on the old Charley Eckhart farm 
two miles south of Dakota City. Moved to Omaha and 
then to Missouri; was in Ohio when last heard from. 

CoL. John Plyel arrived in Dakota county in 
1856, and founded the town of "Plyburg," afterwards 
called Blyburg. The town was named after its founder, 
and located in the southern part of the county. Some 
claim that this man's name was John Bly, but this is a 
mistake. He afterwards operated a drug store in the 
town of Omadi, went to Odell, Iowa. 

Benjamin Trusdale, Buckwalter Bros., John Tulo, 
Wrn. Burnett, Thomas Prior and others came to Da- 
kota county in 1856, forming a coal company, and went 
to prospecting for coal along the high bluffs in Bly- 
burg. This was the first "coal excitement" the county 
ever had, but as they did not iind anything but a ten 
inch vein they soon abandoned the project, 

Uriah Nickerson came here in 1856, and was 
engineer in the Omadi steam saw mill; owned a large 
tract of timber in Blybui-g, where his wife died and 
was buried. Went to Woonsocket, R. I., and died there. 

John Hommell came to Dakota county in 185C, 
worked at the carpenter trade, owned a farm in Bly- 
burg where his wife's father, John Fisher, died and 
was nearly eaten up by hogs before any one knew of 
his death. Moved to (Jmaha. 

Alfred Ei.am came to Dakota county in 1856 and 
pre-empted the place now owned by Jacob Leanier. 
Went tu Ft. Scott, Kansas, 



2 If) Warner's history of dako-ia county. 

William Silence came to Dukota couiity in 1856; 
was six feet and two inches in liei^bt and bnilt for a tii>:ht- 
ing man, bnt one of onr leading pioneers who is still 
living in the county gave liim about all the tight he 
wanted one summer day in 1858. Silence lived on the 
AVm. Taylor land and liis opponent lived in Omadi. 
They were to meet half way, each one to be accom- 
panied by his seconds, judges and friends. Tliey met 
somewhere on the bottom noi-th of where the Oaks 
n)ill was built, and it was not long before a great 
t-rowd assembled to witness the exciting conflict. Peo- 
ple could be seen coming across the prairies from all 
directions —from the hills and vallejs — from Omadi. 
Logan and Dakota City. Silence married Ziber Mil- 
lage's daughter and afterwards moved to Missouri and 
then to Nebraska City, A^eb. 

Ziber Mileage came to Dakota county in 185(). 
and lived on the Wni. Taylor place. Afterwards moved 
to Missoui-i where he died. 

JosEt»n Imhoff came to Dakota county in 1S5G; 
v.ent into partnership with C. 0. Bliven in the carpen- 
tering business at Omadi. Afterwards went to Ne- 
braska City, and then to Lincoln, where he became pro- 
prietor of the Commercial House. 

SETTLERS OF 1857. 

John W. Hazlegrove was l)orn in Kentucky, in 
1842 and began pioneer life in I)ak(jta county March 
10, 1857. Was married to Margia Officer near Dakota 
City, November 30, 1862. Has three sons and four 
daughters, William I., Cliaries E., John L.. Mrs. 
'/anny Gray, Rose M., M*ary IL E. and (jporgia B. 
lives on a farm west of Dakota City. Mr. Hazle- 
grove says: "the flrst year I was in the connty 1 
mowed my hay with a scythe and cut my wheat with 
a ci-adie. Thei-e was not a ujowini2: machine nor a 



SETTLERS OF 1857. 217 

reaper in the county. I operated the hrst reaper ever 
used on Elk Creek Valley. I cut grain for Ilogans, 
Beaconi, Jones, liyans, McCormick and for several 
others on the bottom. 

William Armour, in March, 1857, crossed over 
the river to Dakota county and camped on the present 
site of Ponca. When he returned the following day he 
found the buttom all covered with water from the melt- 
ing snow and the ground still being frozen prevented 
the water from escaping. He supposed the whole bot- 
tom was one vast swamp and at that time had no use 
for it. But during that year when the water had sub- 
sided he again ventured to the county, and has lived 
thirty-seven years on this supposed "swamp," five 
miles southwest ol Dakota City. Married in 1864 to 
Jennie Garner. Has five sons and three daughters, 
Leander, William, Henry, George, Marvin, Lucy G., 
Jeannette and Nellie. 

Dennis Armour was born March 29, 1838, in 
Delaware county, N . Y., and landed in Dakota county 
at Omadi, on the steamboat, "Asa Wilgus." That 
summer raised a crop on the John Braunt farm, and 
took a claim in 1858, where he now resides, four miles 
southwest of Dakota City. Went to Colorado in 1860 
and engaged in freighting. Enlisted in Co. I, 2nd Ne- 
braska Cavalry, in the war of the liebellion. Was niar- 
I'ied' to Miss Mary E. Hileman on Christmas day, 1872, 
Ilev. J. Zimmerman officiating. Has six children, three 
sous and three daughters. 

James O. Fisher stepped upon Dakota county soil 
from a flat boat at Covington, April 4, 1857, and gazed 
upuu the wild country around him, wondering what the 
future had in store fur him. He went to Logan where 
he lived al)out live years engaged in farming; took a 
claim of 160 acres about five miles west of Dakota City, 
where he is now residing. Was married to Mary Dut- 
ton [a sister of Horace Dutton,)on the 25th day of No- 



218 Warner's iiistohy oi- dakota county. 

vemher, 1858. Mr, Fislier was elected county coiiuuis- 
sioner on the democratic ticket in 1859, serving three 
years, and represented Dakota county in the 9tli terri- 
torial legislature, which convened at OniMlia, January 
7th, 1864. Has been connected with the school board 
in his district for more than twenty years, and has, al- 
ways taken an active part in the promotion of public 
schools, as well as all other projects looking to the ad- 
vancement and stability ot the general welfare of Dakota 
county, and has lived to see the wide Missouri valley 
giadnally transformed from wild prairies to a thickly 
settled community teeming with life and activity. 
Has been a witness to every movement and every step 
of progress in the county, from tiie building of fences 
to the erection of the court house; from the b'-eakin^ 
up of the prairie to the rise and flourish of towns and 
villages, and from the old time "fords" to the building 
of costly bridges, grading of highways, and the tri- 
nmpiiant march of lines of railways across the country. 
On the 26th of August, 1882, was appointed by the 
Pioneers and Old Settlers' Association to represent 
Dakota precinct on the Committee of Arratigements. 
Hon. E. K. Valentine attended their first meeting in 
Baird's grove, September 23, 1882, and some of the 
politicians w^anted him to make a speech. The matter 
was referred to Mr, Fisher, who then and there barred 
out the introduction of politics into the society, and no 
one since has dared to broach the subject of politics in 
public at their annual reunions. "No, gentlemen, said 
Mr. Fisher, "we want one society, at least, in the county 
free from politics." Many censured hi in at the time for 
this remark, bnt as the years pass on, all will admit tliat 
he was right His wife died November 19, 1889^ leav- 
ing seven children — -three sons and four daughters, Ir- 
ving, Henry, Oliver, Mrs. Etta Vosburg, Mrs. Myi-a 
Taylor, Currence and Mary. Ja'.ues O. Fisher was born 
in Blackstone, Mass., and raised in Connecticut. He 
went to California in 1852, returned to Coimecticut in 



SETTLERS OF 1857. 219 

1856, tmd the following year made the most important 
move of his life — came to Nebraska, '-and grew up with 
tlie country." 

CoL. Barnauas Batp:s drove up to Luther Wood- 
ford's residence in Sergeant Bluffs on the 16th day of 
April, 1857. Leaving liis team there he proceeded to 
cross the Missouri river to Dakota City in a skiff". 
About this time preparations were beinoj made by the 
''Town Company'" for tlie building of the large hotel 
"Bates House," which for so many years stood in the 
northeast portion of Dakota City, and he was employed 
to go to St. Louis to purchase the necessary material, 
returning July 12th. He invested |1,000 of his own 
money in the enterprise. In the fall of 1857 went to 
get a load of lime to be used in the buildinsj, at the 
lime kiln up the ravine west of Col. Baird's house. 
Slept on the ground and killed a night hawk and cooked 
it over a tire for breakfast. The hotel was finished in 
June, 1858, at a cost of ^16,000. In the fall of 1859 
was elected to the territorial legislature on the demo- 
cratic ticket and went to Omaha and served during the 
winter of '59 and '60. Was appointed by President Bu- 
chanan as postmaster at Dakota City and served seven 
years. In 1858, in company with Elbridge Lampson, 
— a brother of Amos Lampson, — E. F. Mason and 
Stephen Ullery went on a twenty days' hunting expe- 
dition along the Elkhorn river. Camped right where 
Norfolk is now located. They saw thousands of elk 
and soon loaded a four horse team with elk meat. In 
those days, this was, indeed, a wild barren looking 
country. The last house on the Elkhorn was eight 
miles up the river from West Point. Was married a 
.second time in 1860 to Mrs. Hannah Nevell, at Et. Cal- 
iioun, Washington county, Nebraska; soon after rented 
the Bates House and kept hotel there for two years. In 
the summer of 1862 moved to his residence in Dakota 
C'ity where he has since resided. Here his daughter 
Helen kept the posroffice for a number of years. About 



220 WAKKKlt's riS'lOKY OV DAKOTA COO'TY. 

this time huiU ;i Uvick scliciol house in Sergenut BliiUs 
wliifh is still in use. In the fall of 1861 vvas re-elected 
to the lower house of the territorial legislature. In 

1865 built the Dakota City brick school house; 1868 
A. H. Baker's residence; 1871 the Charley Eckhart 
store — afterwards owned and used by M. ( ►. xVyers as a 
drug store, and helped to build the court liouse and the 
iMethodist church — all in Dakota City. Has served as 
notary public and coroner of Dakota county for a num- 
ber of years; was also deputy clerk of the district court 
for the northern district of Nebraska. In the fall of 

1866 was elected on the democratic ticket as member 
of the" territorial council against Col. H. Baird. In 
those days there was a society called '-Sons of Malta,'' 
which was not overburdened with religious and moral 
teachings. To illustrate the tendency of its workings 
the initiation of Col. Bates into the society is here 
given: It was while he was serving as member of the 
territoriid council at Cmaha that liis friends induced 
him to join the society. After taking him through all 
kinds of ridiculous performances they gave him a papei- 
to sign which purported to be the constitution of the 
society. Then a grand rush was n.ade lor the neai'est 
restaurant where all partook of a hearty supper. Loud 
Was their laughter and jolly indeed was the crowd as if 
some good joke ^^•as about to he pei-petrattd on some 
one, and sure enough this was the case. Just as rhey 
had finished their supper the proprietor stepped up to 
Col. Bates and prc!sented to him the paper lie had 
signed supposed to be the constitution, but instead it 
was an order on the restaurant for anything the mem- 
bers miglit wish. It cost him just !$40. The "Sons 
of Malta" organized a society in the Bates liouse and 
had '^oceans of fun" out of it, as many of the pioneers 
well ren)ember, as well as a numhei- (,f the leading men 
of Sioux City. E^^ery man that signed the "constitu- 
tion" had a restaurant bill to pay. His wife died Feb- 
ruary 15, 1879, leaving two daughters and one step 



SETTLERS OF 1857. 221 

(l.ui^-hter. On the 6th of July, 1881, started from 
Sioiix City for Ft. Assinnboine, Montana, to work on 
the fort, afterwards went to Ft. Peck, J\t. T., and built 
sevei'al l)uihlings for school purposes, also bnilt a saw 
mill. Returned to Dakota City, October, 1883. Has 
been chief marshal of the Old Settlers' Association for 
tlie years '83, '84, '85,' '86, and '87. In the early 
days teams were very scarce and people often wanted 
to oo to Omaha and do their shopping. He had about 
the only team to be had in all this section and ujany 
we)-e the trips he took to Omaha and back. There was 
a spring on the old military road near the line between 
the Omaha and Winnebago lands. Here the travelers 
in those times would stop to feed and get dinner. On 
one occasion he noticed a large number of bees on some 
cobs and watching them take their flight soon fo\ind 
^heir home in a large leaning burr-oak tree, just over 
the brow of the hill to the north. He expected to cut 
it that fall but when he went down he found that some 
one hrid been ahead of him and taken the honey away, 
after hiving the bees in a box where they were busily 
at work. It was Henry Ream and his son Marcel who 
liad cheated him out of his honey, but this fact he did 
not know until the lapse of neariy thirty years, and, of 
course, it was not worth while quarrelling about it then. 
Henry Ream now has a large number of stands of bees 
and could easily return the borrowed honey with thirty 
years interest thereon. Col. Bates has always taken an 
active part in politics, ever casting his weight and in- 
fluence with the democratic party. He was employed 
to assist in the gathering in of color-ed corn for the 
gi-ent Corn Palace inaugurated in Sioux City on the 
3rd of October, 1887, find continued until the 8th of 
the same month. Col. Barnabas Bates was born De- 
cember 15, 1817, in Chautauqua county, New York, 
received his education in the district school of Sheri- 
dan, New Yoi-k, lived on a farm until eighteen years 
ot ;ige. Ivcarned the mason's trade and carried on 



'^k5'^ WARKER's HISTC>RY of DAKOTA COUNTY. 

business in Canandagua, Ontario county, New York, 
for fourteen years. Was married to Lizzie Stacy in 
184:6 at Canandagua. She died in June, 1848, leaving 
one daughter, Helen. Came west to DesMoine?, Iowa, 
m June, 1855, and remained there and worked at his 
trade until April. 1857, when summoned by the unseen 
power that guides the minds of men, he started on the 
wisest journey of his life — that journey to Dakota 
county in April, 1857. 

John Snyder was born Der.eniber 2, 1831. in 
Pennsylvania, and landed in Omadi, April 26, 1857. 
He was the first constable in that precinct. Married 
to Em.ily Pilgrim. They have three sons and two 
daughters, and live in Blyburg. 

James McKenna crossed over the river from Sioux- 
City to Coving-ton, on Sunday Api-il 28, 1857, and 
found the pioneers all at work, sawing luml)er, i-olling 
logs and chopping down trees. There were some pious 
people among them, but the April showers were com- 
ing on and they must have lumber for shelter. Settled 
in the town, afterwards lived in Sioux City nine years 
when he again located in Covington where he remain- 
ed until his death. May 22, 1891. Mr. McKenna was 
born in Tyrone Co. Ireland in 1819, and married in 
his native land. His wife died in Sioux City, Iowa, in 
1870. Was married a second time June 1873 to Mrs. 
William Leach. 

James Ashley was born in England and came to 
New York in 1852. In the spring of 1857 located in 
Dakota county, in the town of Logan, where he en- 
gaged in the blacksmithing business. Moved to Da- 
kota City in the fall of 1858 where he carried on the 
same trade until 1860, when he removed to the Omaha 
Reservation, and is at present living in Decatur, Burt 
county, Nebraska. Is a brother to Robert T. Asnley, 
who was appointed U. S. Indian Agent for the 
Omahas and Winnebagoes, in 1889. Has four child- 



SETTLERS OF 1857. ZZ6 

ren Jiving, John, Jennie, wife of Charles Maryott, 
Frederick and Charles. His son George is dead. 

Michael Kennelly packed his family and all his 
earthly effects into a wagon at Omaha, in 1857, and on 
the 7th of May — what a beautiful day it was, when he 
halted upuii the sumniit of old Pilgrim Hill, in the 
southern part of the county, and gazed out upon the 
hroad Missouri valley. He beheld Omadi in all its 
glory, "and then" says Mr. Kennelly, ''I thought I had 
indeed, found the laud of 'milk and honey' of which I 
had heard so much, but later on 1 learned that it was 
ojily whisky and molasses, and that soon played out — 
and t!ie people on the verge of starvation climbed to 
the top of the highest hills to see if there were any 
boats coming with supplies." He then proceeded 
down the old Military road from Pilgrim Hill, and 
landed in Omadi, where he engaged in blacksmithing 
until 1800 when he established the first blacksmith 
sliop in Jackson. Was elected county commissioner 
in October, 1865; served as justice of the peace for St. 
Johns pi-ecinct for many years, which office he liolds at 
the present time, was also assessor for Omadi precinct 
in 1802. Mr. KenneJIy was born in Ireland, Septem- 
ber 10th, 1820, and came to America m February, 
1849, settlitig in Hartford, Connecticut, where he re- 
mained until his journey Uj the land of ''milk and 
honej." Was married a second time to Mrs. Finnell, 
September 6th, 1852. They have eight children living. 

Jamks Wescott M'as born in 1819, and came to 
Dakota county in 1857. settling on a tract of land 
abont five miles west of Dakota City which to this day 
is known as the old Wescott place. He w^as an honest, 
hard working man and built for himself and family a 
good comfortable liome. Planted one of the first 
oi-ch;irds in the countv. Died at his residence west of 
D^kotM Citv. June 14th, 1877, and his remains were 
mtencd in the Sioux City cenieteiY. His wife and two 



224 Warner's histouy of dakoia count v. 

sons — Charles T. and Geo. T. are now living in Sioux 
City, Iowa. 

John Blessing began his career in Dakota county 
in the spring of 1857 and by hard labor and living au 
honest and upright life has furnished us with another 
example ot what plurk will do. lie was willing to 
work and wait — '-Home was not built in one day"- - 
and lived on corn bread with the hope that a better 
day was coming and as the years went l)y it came, just 
as it always does to those endowed with courage anvl 
energy. The young man who bits on a dry goods box 
today wondering why he is not better fixed in the 
world should study the lives of our pioneei-s. lit- 
located in Oniadi pi-ecinct. in 18(52 enlisted in Com- 
pany I, Second INebraska Cavalry, served tliirteen 
months, then returned and located in Dakot;i, precinct, 
settled on liis present farm in Brushy Bend i-.i 18(54. 
Mr. Blessing was born April l-l, 1832, in Wurtembei-g. 
Germany. In 1850 came to Erie county. New Yu:k, 
there learned the carpenter trade where he worked 
about five years and then came west. \V;is married 
in 185(5 to Mary Willyuung, of Elsace, New York. 
They have ten children -tour sons and six daughters. 
Has a good farm — over 80U acres of laud and (juite u 
large amount of stock. 

John FiNNERTY was bom in Irelaud July 11. 
ISKx Came to America in 1851. Went to ('inciu- 
iintti where he married Katie Smith, June 27. 1851. 
On the 12th day of May, 1857, crossed the Missouri 
i-iver into Dakota county aud located on a piece of land 
along the south bank of Cryst d Lake, .ibout two miles 
northwest of Dakota City. Here he lived for many 
years farming his land, building a sui)stantial dwelling 
and otuer houses fur stock and grain. Planted a 
good orchard aud was an eye witness to every stroke of 
improvement for miles around him. Has three child- 
ren—Dennis ])., mari'ied to Hattie McKinney, Mrs. 



SETTLERS OF 1857. 225 

John CKutoii und Mrs. Morgan Heafey. His wife died 
in iSonth Oinalia Septenjber"24th 181)8. 

Patuick Monahan was born in Ireland in 182(j 
and crossed the ocean to Aniei-ica in 1849, landing at 
iN'ew York City. Moved t(. Ohio and lived seven yeari? 
in Sandnsky and Dayton. Was fireman on a railroad. 
Was married at Dayton in 1854, to Miss Bridge: Smith, 
lias six children, two of whom ai'e dead. Three daugh- 
ters, Katie, Mary aiid Biidie, and one i-on, Thomas, are 
living. Ml'. JMonahan had lieard wonderful stories about 
tlie ricli and fertile prairies of the west and determined 
to seek a home there. Jn May 1857 he bid farewell to 
his Ohio home and turned his face toward the western 
land, ana the 21.~t day of May found him on board of 
a steamer, with all liis woildly possessions, winding 
along up the Big Muddy ihiough what is to-day 
Crysral lake. He informed the captain of the boat 
tlint his destinatioii was St. Johns. But the captain 
said the landing was unsafe at that place and he would 
hri\e to eitliei' get off" at Logan or E*onca and he chose 
the i'ormei-,and so he was left at Logan among strangers 
in a strange lami, except John Kinnerty und family who 
had cctme with him. Alfred Elam agreed to take him 
to St. Johns for $7.50. His hired hand, J. O. Fisher, 
was Called in and told to hitch up the driving team (a 
good steady yoke of oxen) and the outfit was soon wind- 
ing their way toward their long looked for home. They 
had m>t proceeded far until they ran into a mud hole 
and the oxen ''got stuck" and all hands had to climb 
out into the mud smd water and wade to the shore. 
Mi's. Finnerty had to carry her son Dennis and get to 
the shore with him the iiest she could. Mr. Monahan 
took a claim on Pigeon creek, joining John Howard 
on the southwest. He got some breaking done at tlie 
rate of SIO.OO per acre and raised a small crop that 
yvar. Moved down to C'ovington that fall, and lie and 
John Finnerty bought two lots of John Feenan and 



^^D WARNERS HISTdKY (»K DAKOTA COUKTY. 

built a lioui-e to live in. In the fpiiug of 1S58 lie 
l)Ouglit the place where he is now living and when 
South Sioux City t<»ok its boom sold all his i'ai'ni ex- 
cept five acres to be laid out in town lots. How vast 
are the changin*; scenes which Mr. Monahaii lias wi; - 
nessed since his advent to the wild primeval lands of 
Dakota county. He has lived to see towns and \i!- 
laoes rise up and flourish and crunil)le and decay unril 
they are known today only in history. He has lived 
to see a once wild and nninhal)ited land transformed 
into a rich and prosperous community. He saw the 
rise and fall of Pacific City, which was situated on tlie 
present site of South Sioux City, in township 20. range 
9 east. 

AViLLTAM Cr>'NrNunAM came to Daktjta county. 
May 12, 1857, find took a claim which is now 
a portion of South Sioux City, where he was drowned 
in 1881, in the high water of that year. His wife and 
one daughter survive liim. The daughter is nuu-ried 
to Tim Shanahan. Mr. and Mrs. Shanalnui have six 
children. 

Peter ]\Iyers joined the great army of emi- 
grants, and iound his way into Dakota county May 12, 
1857. Took a claim on the bluffs near TVilliam Tay- 
lor's farm. His wife died in 1859 leaving three child- 
ren-two sons and one daughter, John E., Geo. W. and 
Mrs. Emma Kice. Lives in Sioux City, Iowa, was a 
Union Soldier in the Rebellion, 

CoL. Jesse F. Wakner, piloting a "prairie schoon- 
er" over the wild and desolate prairies of the west, 
found a landing place — named Dakota county— -]\I ay 
17, 1857, and probably no pilot while sailing upon the 
deep, or along the inland rivers was ever more pleased 
with a landing than he was with the place that was 
henceforth to be his home. He located on what is now 
known as the George Leamer farm, lived in a house 
which he moved from the town of Logan, situated one 



^^ 




COL. JESSE F. WARNER. 







MRS. HANNAH M. WARNER, 

(AVife (»f Col. Jessi' F. AVanier.) 



SKTTI.KKS OF 18")". 231 

half mile north of his hiiuL Opened up a farm and 
made other substantial improvements. Tn company 
with pioneers took many hunts beyond the settlement 
for deer, elk, etc., and therefore had an opportunity of 
seeing North Nebraska in its wildest state. Passed 
over tiie country wliere Emerson, Wakefield, Wyyne. 
Norfolk, Madison, Wisner and Coleridge are situated, 
years before there was a single settler in all that re- 
gion. In fall of '57 went to eastern lov.a and l)i'oug]it 
back a herd of cows and in summer of '58 drove 200 
hogs from centralIowa,f rom which cows atid hogs origi- 
nated a large portion of the stock of early days of Dakota 
county. Was admitted to the bar before Judge 
Eieazer Wakly at the District Court held in Dakota City 
in 1857. From early manJiood he took an active interest 
in politics and when the break up in parties came and 
the old Whig party was dissolved he threw all his 
talents and energies into the struggle over the slav- 
ery question out of -which the Republican party was 
i)orn. In '54 and '50 was quite prominent on the 
stunij) which grew into more than local prominence. In 
1800 was a delegate from Nebraska to the ever memor- 
jible convention at Chicago which nominated Abraham 
Lincoln. He leaves to the family his certificate signed 
by "John M. Thayer, chairman Republican Territorial 
Committee," which he preserved as one of his choicest 
treasures. When the great war cloud burst with all its 
fury over our land he started on tlie day the news of 
the falloF Sumpter reached him for his oM home in Iowa 
to i-aise irjen for thesei-vice, entei-ing ihe army at once 
MS 2nd lieutenent, 7th Iowa Infantry, without waiting- 
tor an offer of a bettei' position, was promoted to the 
(•aptaincy and aft(>r more than three long years of fierce 
battles and weary mai-ches was compelled to i-esign on 
account of injuries and broken health. Soon after his 
return to Iowa was chosen colonel of one of the "Border 
State Regiments'' for home defense !)ut as the enemy 
was driven so far from the Iowa border the regiment 



232 WAKKEii's HISTORY Ol' DAKOTA COUNTY. 

was not called on for duty. Col. AVurner was witli 
Grant, Logan, McClernaid and others who )"Oge to 
prominence afterwards, in their first baptism of fire at 
Belmont. Commanded his company in the cliarge tliat 
carried the works at Donaldson where he received se- 
vere injury which caused him many ye^rs of suffering 
and finally caiT'ied him away to his eternal home,Wed- 
nesday, March 20, 1890, at Dakota City, Nebraska, 
leaving' a wife and six children — Nellie, wife of Dr. E. 
J . De Bell, who died at Lyons, Nebraska, September 
8th 1892; Lee M., Homer, Nebraska; Cle)na, wife of 
R. C. Bauer; Mary M., wife of D. W. Parmelee; Ern- 
est J., Rosebud Agency S. D., and Moses M., Lyons, 
Nebraska. Located in Dakota City in 1867 and estab- 
lished a land office lor the purpose of surveying land 
and locating homesteaders. Selected claims for many 
of the old settlers of Dakota, Dixon, ('edar, Wayne, 
Madison and Stanton counties. Lfis familiarity with 
this country from hunting over it in its wild state en- 
abled him to carry on this business with much success. 
Practiced law in Dakota City most of the time from 
1868 to 1878. In 1869 purchased the old Pilgrim 
place known as "Pilgrim Hill," eight miles south of 
Dakota City, and in connection with the farm raised 
fruit and bnrned lime- — furnished the lime for nearly 
all the houses that were built in the county at that 
time, including the court house, Methodist churches at 
Dakota City and Covington and the industrial school 
building at the Winnebago Agency, also furnished the 
rock for the foundation for the hitter. Was a presi- 
dential elector in 1868 and cast Nebraska's maiden 
vote for Gen. Grant; represented Dakota county in 
the state legislature in 1879— '80. Took charge as U. 
S. Indian Agent of the Omaha and Winnebago 
agencies November 1st, 1886, which position he held 
until September l6th, 1889. The Indians under his 
administration did remarkably well with their farming 
and general behavior. August 80, 1889, was presented 



SETTLERS OF 1857. 238 

with a gold headed cane by the emph)yes of the 
Omaha and Winnebago agencies. Cob J. F. Warner 
was born at Wooster, Ohio, September '^6, 1826- In 
1842 his parents moved to Keokuk county, Iowa, and 
lived on a farm. Was married to Hannah M. Wood- 
ward, Septemuei- 7th, 1849, at Richland, Town, by Rev, 
Frederick Lyons, a Methodist minister. The spirit 
of energy turned his face to the great west where he 
could '\grow up with the country." So ends the story 
<»f another of our pioneers, who being considered an 
able orator, was olten called upon to appeal* before the 
people at important public gatherings. 

James Connor was born in Ireland in 1823, in 
Wicklow county and came to Dakota county, May 
18, 1857- He took a claim in St. Johns precinct. At 
present living at Jackson. 

Cai't. Cornelius O'Connor was born September 
17, 1821 ill the county of Cork, Ireland, and came 
with liis parents to America in 1829- Lived in Bos- 
tun until he was twenty-eight years of age. Went to 
New York where he remained live years. Was Tuar- 
ried to Catharine Duggan, April 3, 1852. In 1857 
came west and took a steamer at Omaha for Dakota 
county, landing at St. Johns May 18th. Took a claim 
on Elk Creek where he lived several years, when he 
moved to where he lives at the present time two miles 
east of Homer. Here he and his noble wife lived to 
experience the hardships and trials of frontier life. 
He represented Dakota county in the 8tli and lltli 
sessions of the Territorial le<>islature, and has been 
Director in his school district for more than twenty 
years. Enlisted in the Mexican War. Has four 
'•hildreu living — two sons and two daughters, Corne- 
lius J., County Treasurer, and Timothy, Mrs. Helena 
Green and Charlottie G. His daughter Mary died in 
1887, find in 1889 Daniel and Julia followed her to 
eternal rest. His youngest son Frank died July 5, 



2)34 vvarnek's history of dako'ia county. 

1890, and within two years Katie and Maggie dieii. 
Jn 1851 Governor Richardson coinniissioned Air. 
O'Connor as Captain of a Company, which was formed 
to resist attacks from the Indians. 

John C. Gribble crossed the river at Dakota City. 
May 18, 1857, with all his earthly possessions — a set 
of carpenter tools. Took a claim in Brushy Bend, and 
was married in 1860 to Mary Couroy. Has six 
children — three sons, Barney, John and Thomas: 
three daughters. Mrs. Lizzie Ilerwig, Mrs. Josephine 
Stinson and Olive. Settled on a fai'm four miles and a 
half west of Dakota City in 1870, wliere he has ]-esided 
to the present time. Was county comnnissioner six 
years. 

Easton Rush was born in Somerset county, Penn- 
sylvania, and came to Dakota county in the spring of 
1857. Took a claim two miles west of Dakota City 
where he lived many years. Built the first house cov- 
ered with shingles in Dakot.i precinct. Mai-ried March 
17, 1844 to Mary Ann Wirsini,^ lias six children- 
one son William, and five daut>;hters. He is living at 
Wakefield, Nebraska. 

Albert H. Bliven was born June 8, 1883, in 
Pennsylvania, and came to Dakota county, Jane 1st. 
1857, on a steamboat, landing at the old town of Oma- 
di. Went down to Missouri in 1867 and was !nan-ie<l 
to Adella Playes. Took a Injmestead in 1868 on rhc 
site where Wm. C. Orr afterwards operated a sawmilL 
in the southern part of the county. Afterwards moved 
to where he now lives seven miles southwest of Da- 
kota City. AVas a soldier in the war of the Rebellion, 
enlisted at Omaha, August, 1863, in Co. I., 1st Neb. 
Cavalry, and served two years. Has eight children. 

Edward Aknoi d was born in Hvland May 1,1822. 
and settled in Ponca, which was then a ])art of Dakota 
county, in the spring of 1857- Elected County Su- 



SETTLERS OF 1857. 235 

periiiteiideiit A Ui>ust 2, 1858, was also appointed Justice 
<.r the Peace for St. Johns precitict, October 20, 1857. 
a!id served in the 2nd. Ne\>, Cavalry. Was Di.xon 
county's first clerk, and resides tliere at present time. 

JouN TwoniG was born in the county of Coi'k. 
Ireland, and came to America in 1853. Located in 
Dakota County in 1857, having traveled by boat from 
St. Jost^ph. Took a chiim on Elk Creek, adjoining his 
brother Patrick, on the s(.uth. Died in 1889- 

C. D. Ryan was born in 1854 in New York, and 
came with his parents to Dakota county, on a steam- 
boat in MMy 1&57. Located in St. Johns and then 
moved to Jackson where he opened up a general stoi-e 
i!\ 1873, which he is conducting at tlie present time. 
Married to Mary E. Brannan at Jackson in 1876. lias 
three daughters. 

John Heffern.^x was born in 1821, and came to 
Dakota county in June 1857. Was well known 
throughout the county asa shrewd businessman, a good 
<'itizen and a tirm friend. Died at his liome in Jack- 
.-on September 8, 1880. There are ten children living 
— s'x sons, Daniel C, John C, Geo. A., Maurice P., 
Cornelius K., Michael E.; four daughters. Mrs. Mary 
McConigal, Mrs. Agnes McCormick, Norali and Liz 
zie. His son, John tleffernan, died June 28, 1881. 

James Hakvey Bliven was born May 10, 1846, 
in Tiogue county. Pennsylvania, Went to Wisconsin 
in 1854, tlien to Iowa, Minnesota and came to Dakota 
countv, Nebraska, June 1, 1857. Came up the river 
on a steam Ijoat. Entered the war of the rebellion in 
1^)61, enlisting in the Ninth Hancock Veteran Reserve 
corps, and fought in tlie terrible battles of Fredericks- 
burg, A ntietam, Gettysburg, Golden Farm and many 
others. Was mustered out February 5, 1865, and 
married to Flizabeth Hayes, of Indianapolis, Indiana, 
in 18(>5. Afterwards came back to Dakota county, 



236 Warner's history oj Dakota county. 

M'here lie has lived a quiet and peaceful life. Moved t<> 
IIoDiei- in 1885, and built a substantial residence. 
l^)uilt two tenement bouses in South Sioux City in 
1887 where he now resides. He is a son of Charles C. 
Bliven. 

Nois E. Bliven was l)orn June 26, 1844, in 
Pennsylvania, and crune to Dakota county, June 1, 
1857. Was married to Mary Corwin in BIyburg in 
1864. lias five sons, Frederif'.k V., Wm. Henry, 
Arthur, Birdie and BeTijamin; two danghteis, Katie 
and Rosa. P. (). Homer. 

W1LLIA.M Leach was Ijorn in Hadnuni, England 
and came to America, settling in Illinois, and located 
in Dakota county June 7, 1857. Took a claim on the 
present site of South Sioux (-ity. Run feri-y boat two 
years, ar-d carried the mail between Covington ai d 
Sioux City. Married in England in 1848 to Susan 
Edwards. He died in 1870, leaving a wife and three 
children, Joseph, William and Mrs. Mary Cave, of Chi- 
cago, Illinois. Seven children have died. Mrs Leaci> 
«as married a second time to James McKenna,in 1S74. 

Henry^ Youno was born in Washington county, 
Indiana, March 15, 1827. Was married at Columbus 
in October, 1850 and nine years later crossed the west- 
ern plains to Oregan, Washington and Montana. He 
embarked on the steatner ''Uncle Sam" at San Eran- 
ciscofor the Isthmus of Panama where he went a dis- 
tance of twenty three miles and paid twenty four dol- 
lars to go that distance, and took the "North Star" 
for the United States. He went to St. Louis and came 
'oy steamboat to Omaha and from there he came on to 
Dakota county on the old time buckboard, arriving 
here June 11, 1857. He took a homestead where he 
has resided to the present time, about live miles north- 
west of Homer. Here he has spent a quiet unassuming 
life, honored and respected by all who has ever had any 
dealings with him. This year he visited his old home 
in Indiana for the first time since he settled here. 



SETTLERS OF 1857. 287 

13. (Ti-ibble traversed the soil of Dakota county 
fur the tirst, June 12. 1857, and aitliough he was not a 
tra'nip, he had very much the appearance of one, witii a 
knapsack on his back containing all his earthly possess- 
ions except a rifle, watch and !^15.00 in njuney, Er.t he 
was enei'getic and ambitious and after the enduring 
hardships of pioneer life accumulated considerable prop- 
erty, lie was married to ]S'ellie Walden March 29th 
1864. Has si.\ children. Emniett, John W., George, 
Emma, Maggie and iS'ettie. His wife and two children 
are dead. Post office address, Dakota City. 

MicuAEL oEACOM was Lorii in Ireland in 18-lC 
and came to Dakota county June 13th 1857. Bought 
the Edward C. Jones faim four niilesand a half north- 
west of Jackson, where he still resides. Enlisted in 2nd 
Colorado Cavalry, Co. B. and served three years. Was 
married in 18(39 to Mary Goodfellow. Das five sons 
and four rianghteis. Was elected county commissioner 
November 5tli 1889. 

TnoM.\s Beacom came to Dakota county June 13. 
1857 and settled four miles and a half north-west of 
Jackson. He died in 1888 leaving live sons and one 
daughter — Michael. John, Dennis, Timothy, Martin 
and Ellen. 

MicuAKi. Delououerv was born in Ii-eland in 
1824. Came to America and settled in Dakota county 
in 1857, on a claim in Dixon county. Located in St. 
John's presinct in 18()0 whei-e he has resided to the 
present time. Mai-ried in Ohio to Julia McMarra, lias 
six childi-en live sons and one daughter — Joseph, 
James, Michael, Patrick, Cornelius and Mary. 

Damkl ('. Hkffeknan was boi-n in Jamestown 
Pennsylvania in 1851, and came with his parents to 
Dakota county June, 1857. Married May 16, 1883 
to Katie Kelly. Have thi-ee children — two sons and 
three da\ighter&. JJves in Jackson, and is postmaster 
i\t that place. 



238 Warner's history of Dakota county. 

D. F. McDonald was boi-ii in 1885, and came to 
Dakota county, July 10, 1857. Married in 1858 to 
Catharine Dillon. Has three children livin*;- — Alex- 
ander, Dillon and Saiah. Two children have died. 
Has lived twenty-Jive years on his farm south of Jack- 
son. 

Brixton Willis was born in Kentucky, and 
married in Clark county, Missouri, in 1854. Came to 
Dakota county, August 28, 1857, and settled on a farm 
five miles north-west of Dakota City, wliere he remain- 
ed until the war of the Rebellion broke ont,when he en- 
listed and served in the Union army one year, after 
which he lived in Dakota City. His wife oied Octo- 
ber 24, 1874 and seven years later he moved :o Cald- 
well, Kansas, where he now resides. Has four children 
living, James, William B., Charles M. and Mona, wife 
of L. M. Warner. 

Asa Ratiiblin was born June 14, 182S, in Wash- 
ington county, Ohio. Moved to Henry county, Illinois 
in ]843 where he farmed two years and went to Peoi'ia. 
He was married to Caroline A. Wright, March 15, 1854, 
and three years later took a trip to the great west to 
look up a home for himself and family, landing in Ser- 
geant Bluffs, Iowa, October 15, 1857. Crossing the 
rivei" to Dakota county he soon made up his mind tliat 
lie had f(jund the land of his choice, and purchased a 
tract of land north of the Capt. O'Connor farm. On 
the 14th day of May 1858 he airived in Dakota county 
with his family and all his earthly possessions in two 
wagons, each drawn by two yokes of oxen. He lived in 
Omadi until September 29th, when he moved to his 
farm on Omaha Creek near old Omadi where he resid- 
ed until April IS, 1886, then moving to the old Josiah 
Davis farm two miles south of Homer, where he now 
resides. Has three sons and four daughters, William 
Pitt, John A., Charley W., Anmi, wife of Thomas 
Baird, Mary E., Fi-ancis O. and Irene L. Mr Rnthbun 
in company with Col. II. Baird owned the first thresh- 



SETTLERS OF 185". 23I:* 

i /machine ever seen in the Elkli'>rii aiid Logan val- 
1 \ s west of Dakota county. 

John Habtnett was i:)orn in the county of Limer- 
ick, Irehiiid, in 1823 and caine to Aniei-ica at the a^^e 
of twenty iive years, locating in Dakota county in the 
spring of 1857. He settled on E^igeon creek wiiere he 
i-esided until his death, caused i)y the cars running ovei- 
him. October 5th 1893. He left four sons and one 
(laughter to mourn his departure, Daniel, James, John, 
William and Mrs. T. W. McGee. He was married to 
Margaret Fitzpatrick, at Alta, Illinois, in 1853, but she 
(lied^February 10th, 1804. In the winter of 18(32-3 he 
Was caught out in a blizzard and froze his hands so bad- 
ly that It was necessary to amputate all of his fingers. 
He was a '-pioneer among pioneers"-]ovial and whole- 
soul. 

M. M. Boi'LE came to Dakota county in the fall 
1857. Married to Maggie Connors March 5. 1878- 
She died September 27, 1887- Tliere is one son tind 
two daughters livincr. Lives three iniles north of Jack- 
son. His brother, P. H. Boyle, also came at the same 
time. He was born at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania in 
1855. Has been a justice of the peace at Jackson, 
where he also taught sciiool. Post office address, Em- 
erson. 

Simon DeWitt came to Dakota county in 1857, 
and settled in Brushy Bend. Was justice of the peace 
in 18()l). Died in 1874 at his home in Brushy Bend. 

Samuel Grim son of Andrew Grim, came to Dako- 
ta ct)unty in 1857, and settled in Brushy Bend. Mar- 
ried a second time to Mrs. Simon DeWitt, she having 
come to the county March 29th, 18(54. He died in 
1872. Mrs. Grim lives at Dakota City. Has three 
childr-n living. 

Henky O. Griggs, came to Dakota county in 1857, 
and owned the old Wright farm west of George Lea- 



240 WAKNEJ^'S HJSTOKY OV DAKOTA COUNTY. 

mer's place Went into the cattle bui-iness and accnni 
ulated 17,000 afterwards went to Oalifoi-nia, wlieie he 
died. 

L. C. Veets came to Dakota county in 1857. 
Owned a farm north-east of George Learner's farm. Af- 
terwards went to Connecticut. 



SETTLERS OF 185S. 

Dr. G. W. Wilkinson, in the spring-time of iiis 
life sought a home in tise great west, and hearing 
glowing accounts of the Monderful beauty and fertility 
of Dakota county, thitherward he bent his steps, land- 
ing iiere in the spring of 1858, in old (^madi, whei'e he 
pi'acticed medicine and taught school. When the wai- 
clouds hovered over our land he joined the First Ne- 
braska Cavalry, and was commissioned surgeon. After 
serving to the close of the war he again chose Dakota 
county as his home. Was appointed physician for the 
Winnebago Indians, which position he held two years. 
Was appointed Kegister of the United States Land 
Office at Dakota City, in 1870, and held the office five 
years. In the fall of 1881, was appointed United 
States Indian Agent for the Omaha and Winnebago 
Agencies and served four years. Was county Treasurer 
eight years. Married to Hattie Matthewson in Nor- 
folk at the residence of her father, Col. Matthewson, on 
Thursday, October 15th, 1874, by Rev. Mr. Kidder. 
Has two cbildren Lyle and Ned. In the spring of 1890 
was appointed by Govei-nor Thayer as Superinten- 
dent of the Norfolk Itisane Asylum. He was boi-n in 
Parke county, Indiana, and attended the Indiana As- 
bury Univei'sity, After finishing a course there enter- 
ed Rush Medical College, of Chicago, where he gi-adu- 
ated in 1857. His career in Dakota county has indeed 
been marked with a spirit of enterprise. In all the 
years since pioneei- times he has ever taken an active 



SKTTLEUS OF 1S-5.S. 241 

interest in tlie welfnie of Dakdtji connty. Looking 
l)ack\v;ird ovei- the yeai-s that have passed away we see 
liis liandiwork stamped npon the eiforts of every pub- 
lic movement. Hand in hand down through tlie years 
lie l)as marched with the progress and pi'tjsperity of our 
county. Is at pi-esent ]i\iiig at Norfcdk. 

IIknkv W. AVooi) was horn March 8, 1834. in 
Dehiware county, Is'ew York, and came to Dakota 
cjiunry in 1858, where lie purchased a one third interest 
in the Dakota City pottery. Afterwards went to Pikes' 
Peak, and returned and took a pre-emption south-west 
of Dakota ^'ity, which he sold to D. C. Dibide, and 
hoiight the old Matthewbon place, situated exactly 
midway between Dakota City and Jackson, four miles 
;ir.d a half from each town, where he has resided to tlie 
[)i-es(Mittime. Was married to Sarah J. Abell in Franklin. 
Delaware county, New York, in 1855- Has two children 
living — one son, Frederick, and one daughter, Mrs. L. 
AV. White. Three children have died. His family is 
now living in New York. 

CnAKLES GooDFKLLOAv was borii in Ireland and 
came to America in 1852. Settled in Dakota county 
in 1858- Lived to accuundate and build up a fine es- 
tate. Died at his liome in Jackson. January 13, 1884. 
leaving a wife and five children to mourn his departui-e. 

CoNKAi) Akmubiocht began life in Dakota county 
on the 18th day of April, 1858, away down at the bot- 
tom of the financial ladder, but gradually he climbed 
up round by I'ound until to-day he has a very respect- 
able standing on tiiat identical ladder. In early times 
he did all hi^i farming with a yoke of oxen. Took a 
pre-e;n[)tion about five miles due west of Dakota City 
where hv iias ever since resided, and by his skill and 
hard labor to-day has accumulated some wealth in the 
v>'orld; ha.-^ consideral)le stock and 200 acres of land. 
Mi\ Armbreclit was born at Kor Ilassen , Germany, 
Auiiust 0, 1818: canje to Wheeling, West Virginia, 



242 Warner's histc<ry of Dakota county. 

August 6, 1850; worked at different kinds of labor 
until lie came to Dakota county in 1858- Was mar- 
ried in 185C to Malesene Haase at Hanovei-; she died 
in the fall of 1877. He has lived a quiet, unassuming 
life — has many friends and few enemies and deserves 
the richest rewards. He has four children — two sons, 
William and Louis H.; two daughters, Mrs. Fred P)eei'- 
man and Mary. 

John Gaughkan was born in Ireland in 1838 and 
came to Dakota county April 25, 1858. Settled on Elk 
Ci'eekc Afterwai'ds lived in Covington and taught two 
terms of school there. Married to Catharine Brady in 
Sioux City, Iowa, October 13, 1868. She died and he 
was married a second time February 11, 1871. Has 
three children— two sons, Patrick and John C, and 
one daughter, Catharine. His brother, Hugh, canie to 
the county in 1856; served four years and a half in th.e 
war, under Capt. Tripp. Died at Jackson, March 15, 
1888. 

Anthony J. Mykks "packed up" all his earthly 
possessions and started west, landing in Nebraska in 
the spring of 1858; located on a piece of land above the 
Col. Baird farm, afterwards moved to a tract of land 
north of where Mr. Taylor lives, eight miles south-west 
of Dakota City. He built the lirst brick house ever 
erected in Sioux City. Has been prominent in all po- 
litical affairs of the county from the earliest times and 
can tell as big stories about the exciting elections of ''ye 
olden times" as any man living. Was elected county 
commissioner on the republican ticket ]N'oveml)er 3, 
1885, which position he still holds, receiving a total of 
666 votes and a majority of 168 over his opponent. 
Thomas C. Clapp. Mr. Myers was born in Lycoming 
county, Pennsylvania. In 1855 came to Dubuque, 
Iowa; followed plastering and brick laying during the 
summer and was on ihe police force in the winter, for two 
years. Was. married in 1852 to Catharine McGiidey, 



SKTTJ.KKS OF l.S.lN. 243 

of JLaiiC'Uster county, Peiiiisylvaiiia. ll:i,> an excellent 
fain) and a pleasant liuine at the foot of the high i)lnft" 
in the vvestein pai't of the county. Great changes have 
taken place since lie settled in the county, when tliere 
was not a single house on the road from Dakota City to 
his place. A person could di'ive across the hottom in 
any diivction without coining in contact with barhed 
wire fences or any other kind of fences; tiie wild geese 
went sailing along without hearing the crack of a mus- 
ket every now and then, and he did not have to l)other 
his head about goint;- to old settlers' reunions and the 
<lays of base ball clul)s were yet to come. Has nine chil- 
dren — four sons and five daugjiters, John F., William. 
Richard, George, Mrs.. Charles Ford. Mary, Mrs. J. P. 
'I'wohig, Grace and Helen. His son Hugli died in 1S'J2. 

Gideon Warner rode up to the banks ot the Mis- 
souri river at Sioux City in the spring of 1858 at the 
liead of a herd ot cows that he had brought from eastern 
Lowa. He crossed over to Dakota county June 20, 1858 
and sold the cows to the settlers. In company with a 
nninber of friends took an elk hunt on the then wild 
and unsettled valleys of the Logan and Elklu)rn. there 
was not a solitary white man to l)e seen in ail that 
country. They hunted north of where Norfolk now 
stands. A far different view now presents its self t(» 
the traveler t()-day. On the hi oh rocks near Col. 
liaircTs home is enuiaved -'G. Warner. July 22, 1858.'' 
On the 4th of July of that year he joined an excursion 
parry on the steam leiry "Dakota,"" commanded by Capt. 
Robinson, which steamed up through what is lunv known 
as Crystal lake. They passed on up the river far bey«>ud 
the line of civilization and had a picnic, expecting at 
any moment to be tired upon by the red cliildren of the 
woods. He moved his family to Dakota ccuinty on the 
:2;h-d day of April, 1867, and settled on a farm purchased 
<jf Wm. Cheney, situated on Omaha Creek, five miles 
ojirectly sou:lw)f Dakota City. In 1877 he started on 



344 



WARNER S HISTORY 01' DAKOTA COUNTY. 



a two years"' joiiriie}' into tlio ''far west," stopping to 
take a glance at the Black Hills country, crossed over 
the Big Horn mountains and through Pryor's Pass. 
visited the Xational Park, Custer's battle ground, 
wintered at'Ft. Custer, prospected lor gold, passed on 
down the Yellowstone river to Ft. Keogh and Miles 
City, made lots of money, saw lots of sights and came 
home November 2, 1879, to rest from his long journey 
and tell wonderful tales about the far away golden land 
of Montana. Built a new and comfortable residence in 
18(S6- Gideon Warner was l)orn July 13, 1823, in 
VVooster. Wayne county, Ohio, and njoved with his 
parents to Richland, Iowa, in October, L842. The 
ti'eaty with the Blackhawk and Sax and Fox was com- 
pleted the next May at Agency City and the country 
settled up very rapidly. Was married in 1848, but in 
iiijout a year his wife M^as bitten by a rattlesnake and 
died, leaving a child, which also soon after died. Was 
married again in October, 1851^ to Matilda Brubaker, 
of Eddyville, Iowa. In 1859 went to Colorado, in the 
great gold excitement, located on a mine where George- 
town is now situated. Has nine children living — four 
sons and five daughters, Daniel Webster, William P., 
George, Elmer, Mrs. Jane Ward, Mrs. Alice Bevins, 
Mrs. Ella Cobnrn, Mrs. Emnia Pathbun and Lizzie. 
ilis daughter, Mrs. Julia Clapp, died in 1893. 

Augustus T. Haase was boi-n May 5, 1835, in 
Hanover, Germany. Started for Amei-ica May 5, 1848. 
landing at New York City, June 26th, msdving a journey 
of 49 days on the ocean. Went to Virginia and soon 
after turned his face to the great west to see wiiat it 
had in store for hinj. Guided by some unseen power 
he found his way to Dakota City, Neb., on the 2r)th 
day of June, 1858 — -jnst ten years to a day from the 
time he landed in America — where he has resided ever 
since. Has worked at the carpenter trade' since 1850. 
and some of the oldest houses of the county were built 



SETTLKRS OF IHoS. 24:5 

1>Y liini. TjoiiDlit a farm four miles west of Dakota City 
in 1858 and it was there lie built his first house in ]N'e- 
hraska. Afterwards built a substantial residence and 
carpenter shop for himself, in Dakota City. Was con- 
tractor for the building of the court liouse. Previous to 
this time he had entered into auothei- kind of a contract 
with Miss Louisa Eckhart, sister of J. P. and C. F. 
Eckhart, M'hereiu it was stipulated that on and after the 
8th day of December, 1864, they would tiieuceforward 
be equal partners in the proceeds which might be de- 
I'ived from the framing of houses as well as additions 
from other sources, and the building of hopes and plans 
and ''castles in the air."' The yeai-s passed on and for- 
tune "smiled upon them.''' They have three children — 
two sons and one daughter, George H., Frank and Lizzie. 
Mr, Haase was city treasurer for twelve years and has 
been a member of tlie school board for moi'e than fifteen 
years. Was chosen as chairman of a comujittee ap- 
pointed to take charge of the Dakota county exhibit.- 
at the great Corn Palace held in Sioux City, Iowa, 
from September 20th to October 5th, 1889. * Decem- 
ber 8, 1889, one hundred and sixty friends of Mr. and 
Mrs. Llaase njet at theii- i-esidence in Dakota City to 
<'elebrate the twenty-tifth annivei'saiy of their marriage. 
amon<>; whom were four persons who witnessed the cere- 
mony twenty-five years before — Mi', and Mrs. VVm. 
Adair, Col. B. Bates and Conrad Armbrecht. 

Kai.ph C4oot)W]n was born May 27, 1837, in 
Dai-bysviiie, Eng]an<i. Crossed the ocean with his 
parents in 1847; landed at New York. Went to Dane 
county, Wisconsin, wliei-e he was engaged in farnjing. 
Crossed the Missouri river at Sioux City, Jnly, 1858. 
and tooiv a claim in Cedar county. Kebraska. Moved 
to Dakota county in 18(51 ano there enlisted in com- 
patiy I, 2nd Nebraska Cavalry. Marched up tiie river 
with the army. Petnrned to Dakota City and was en- 
gaged jji teaming and ) mining a butcher shop. Mar- 



246 



WARNER S HISTORY OF DAKOTA COUNTY. 



ried to Mary Wbitehorn, dan^litei- of Samuel Wliite- 
liorn, March 21, 1864, have one child. Bought a piece 
of land north of Dakota City of Philip Eckliart and be- 
gan to improve it; broke prairie with a home made 
breaking plow manufactured by John 11. Sprague in 
ids blacksmith shop at Dakota City. Hei'e he lived to 
see the wild land all around him settled up with a 
thrifty class of farmers, built a substantial dwelling, 
l)arn and other buildings for liis stock, planted a line 
grove of black walnut trees which will be a ci'edit an I 
an ornament to Dakota county long after the hands 
that planted them shall hav-e mouldered to dust. 

James S. Teller came to Dakota county, August, 
1858, and took a home>?tead in "Todd's Point" north of 
Jackson. Married to Elizabeth Ford. Has eleven chil- 
dren — ^live sons and six daughters. Is living in Jeffer- 
son, S. D. Three of his cliildren — George W., Mj's. 
Margaret Edwards and Mrs. Dora Reninger are living 
in the county. 

E. F. Mason came to Dakota county in 1858, and 
was the first proprietor of the "Bates House." One 
day he was riding a fast horse, which stumbled and fell 
upon him, causing injuries from which he died in seven 
days afterwards. 

A. F. Berger was born in Germany and landed 
in New York September 24, 1852. Settled in Dakota 
county July 15, 1858. and took a claim in the southern 
part of the county. Married to Lucy Murdick in 1857. 
Has two sons and iive daughters — Mrs. Ed. Norris., 
Mrs. Sam Stewart, Mary J., Anna L.. Margaret Ellen 
and Emma Kehecca. Enlisted in Company I. 2n(l: 
JVebraska cavalry in 1862. Farnier — si.x miles south- 
west of Dakota City. 

Juj>GE Kelly W. Frazer pitched his tent and 
lighted his camp fire on the west bank of Perry creek, 
neur its mouth, on Sunday. November 2, 1885, which 




JUDGE KELLY W. FRAZER. 



SETTLERS OF 1858. 249 

is the selfsame ground upon which Sioux City is now 
built. He shot three squirrels in some large elm trees 
then standing on the creek bank. Grossed over the 
Missouri river the next morning on the ferry "Rob- . 
ert Burns," and stood for the first time upon the soil 
of Dakota county, JS^ovember 3, 1858. Started for 
Knox county, November 7th and took squatter's claim, 
as the government had not yet surveyed this portion of 
tlie country. Opened up a farm and started a black- 
smith shop. At the general election of 1859 was chosen 
probate judge of Knox county. Appointed to the posi- 
tion of blacksmith on the Ponca reservation, twenty- 
two miles up the Niobrara river, February 1, 1861. 
Returned to Niobrara in 1865 and in 1866 was elected 
a member of the house of representatives of Nebraska's 
first state legislature from Dixon, Cedar and L'Eau 
Qui Court counties, which assembled at Omaha, July 
4, 1866. Moved to Dakota county, arriving at Da- 
kota City, August 10, 1867. Bought a blacksmith shop 
of Jacob V^an Aukin, where he worked until 1869. 
His wife died May 20th of that year. Completed a 
course of reading law and was admitted to tlie bar. 
Married a second time to Miss Anna E. Gulbertson 
in Henry county. Grand Rapids, Ohio, August 25, 
1870. Was elected county judge on the democratic 
ticket five times— in 1869, 1871; 1873, 1879 and 1881; 
was defeated in the nomination in the convention of 
1877 and 1883 and the office went into the hands of 
tlie republicans. Appointed September 1, 1885, by 
Indian Agent Chas. H. Potter to the position of super- 
intendent of the industrial boarding school at the Win- 
nebago agency, Nebraska, and held the office until Oc- 
tobei- 18, 1886. Was nominated on the democratic ticket 
for the office of county attorney October 23rd, of the 
same year and elected by a large majority November 
2nd. Was the hrst person to fill tliis office in the 
cuunty, tlie same having been established by the state 
legislature tlie previous year. Is the father of three sons: 



250 Warner's history ok dako'ia county. 

Gustaviis Allen, born June 15, 1856. in Iowa; William 
Kelly, born December 14-. 1860, at Niobrara, Nebraska: 
and Douiijlas yt)nncr, born on Ponca Indian reservation, 
I). T.. March 17, 1865- Kelly W. Frazer was born of 
Scottisli and Irish parents, near Millersbiirg, Holmes 
county, Ohio, May 30, 1832; lived on a farm until 
eighteen years of age, when he learned the blacksmith 
ti-ade in his native town with li. W. and John Cott'ey; 
was niarried to Miss Hettie Louise Beam, February 
"29. 1855, in Millersburg; started for Iowa April 1. 
1S56; traveled by rail to Mississippi river and 
crossed at Bnrlin>/ton; took stage for Wintersett, ar- 
living there at midnight April 5th. On the last days 
of October, 1858 an emigrant might have l)een seen 
wending his way over the primeval prairies of the west 
toward Nebraska witli a yoke of oxen — it was a forlorn 
looking outfit, but the daring pioneer was full of am- 
bition and enthusiasm which nerved liim to the task 
of liidding farewell to old home and friends and plung- 
ing far beyond the line of civilization to lend his mite 
in opening up new roads and subjugating a new coun- 
ti-y. This emigrant was Kelly W. Frazer,— who was 
aftei'wards destined to play such an important part in 
the general history of Dakota county and who little 
di'eamed as he camped upon the banics of the Perry 
November 2, 1858, that after the lapse of just twenty- 
eiglit years to a day. he would be elected county at- 
torney for one of the l)rightest counties of the west. 

SETTLERS OF 1859. 

Stephen G. Hale was born in Tennessee in 1812, 
and came to Dakota county June 15th, 1859. Settled 
in Blyburg where he lived until his death. May 15th, 
1876. Was married twice before coming to the county. 
His second wife's maiden name was Mary D. Wright. 
who still survives him. There are two children living 
by his first wife, and eight by his second wife of whoui 
six are at pi'esent living. 



SETTLERS OF 1859. 251 

William lIiGGiNiiOTiioM was horn October 2nd., 
ls;iS. in Wyota Lafayette county, Wis., and came to Da- 
kota county. June iSth. 1859. Located in Blyburs^ 
tlmt fall, which was, indeed, a wild looking country at 
tiuit lime. Was married in Colorado, June, 1860. to 
Miss Lane, sister of Dutton and Caleb Lane. Went to 
(xraL'd Ishmd in 18()5, and back to Dakota county, 
187(3. Have eight children. He is at present living 
in South Sioux City, Nebraska. 

I'lus Neff was boi'ii in Baden, Germany, in 1848, 
and came with his parents to America when he was 
• 'ighr. years of age. He learned the pottery trade in 
New York, and in the spring of 1859 came to Dakota 
county, makiny the journey from (3maha to Dakota 
('ity afoot. He had been engaged to work in the pot- 
tery at Dakota City, and at once began work. After 
years of careful management and hard work he has 
accumulated considerable property, and is held in the 
highest esteem by the people of this county. Llis, noble 
wife died December 28, 1891, leaving one daughter, 
Mary. 

Isaac ILazleorove was born in 1838, in Indiana, 
and came to Dakota county, in 1859. Afterwards 
went to the Rocky mountains and is now living at 
Salt Lake City. Was married to Sarah Wilson and 
they have five cliildren, all sons. 

SETTLERS OF 1860. 

JosiAU W. Davi>, long before Horace Greeley 
ev<n' told the young men to "go west," bid his friends 
ndicii nnd crossed over the Missouri river to Dakota 
county <»ii the I8tli <lay <.f April, 1860, with a deter- 
luinatioM to settle (l.,\vn on the primeval prairies of 
Nebraskii and -grow up with the country," — the 
tii^etiiig y^'ars pis-^ed on ami sure enough he kept pace 
with our comity's mar -h to prosperity. Leaving his 
fnwiWy on ijje L)e Borde place he pushed on to the 



252 Warner's history op Dakota county, 



Rocky Mountains in quest of wealth. Returning in 
tlie fall went to Wisconsin, sold propert}' there and 
wintered in the old town of Omadi. Bought a piece 
of land some two miles south of the pres^eut town of 
Homer, of Jeremiah Braunt, father of John and 
Horatio Braunt, and moved his family there. In 18()2 
was elected to the legislature; was county commis- 
sioner three years, and run on the democratic ticket for 
state senator in ihe fall of 1892. Built the Sam Combs 
mill in 1868. His wife died in 1872, leaving six j 
children. Was married to Mary O'Chander in 1873; j 
have six children by this marriage. In 1886 sold his | 
farm to Asa Rathbun and purchased a piece of land j 
adjoining the Wm. Nixon farm and built a substantial 
resi(ience. He was born June 2, 1826, in Guilford. 
Maine; went to Grant cou-nty, Wisconsin via Albany, 
Bulfalo and Chicago; worked in the lead mines until 
1850 when he went to California. This was indeed a 
wild journey as there were no settlements west of the 
Missouri river. Went back to Wisconsin in 1854 and 
on the 31st day of August of that year was married to 
Margaret A. DeBorde. Kept hotel until he started 
for Nebraska in 1860. Mr. Davis has always taken an 
active part in the politics of Dakota county, is consid- j 
ered a good debator on all subjects that have from time 
to time agitated tlie minds of the people and has \v(»n 
the reputation of being an honest upright citizen. 

Goodwin Tayxor was born 1806, in Virginia. 
Settled in Cedar county, Iowa, 1836, and came to Da- 
kota county, in 1870. Located on the old William 
Silence place at the bluffs eight miles south- west of 
Dakota City, where he lived an honest upright life, 
honored and respected by all who knew him. Died at 
his home, July 11, 1881, his wife luiving pi'ecteded 
him to the realms of eternity, January 8, 1871*. 

MiCMAKL M. Bkacom wms boi'n Fel)ruai-y 1848, in 
Ireland, Tyrone county. Moved to Wisconsin, then to 



SETTLERS OP' 186U. 253 

Iowa, and settled in Dakota county, April 29, 1860. 
Lived seven years on Elk Creek, when he located one 
mile and a half east of Hubbard, where he still resides. 
Married to Lizzie Mclnlyre in IBTi, and has seven 
childi'en living, five sons — James E., Michael T., John 
P., George T. and David P.; two daughters, Mary N. 
and Alice M, "Was the lai-t county assessor. 

Michael Beacom, Sk., came to Dakota county 
April 20, 1860, where he and his wife died, leaving 
three children, Mrs. A llice Sullivan and Michael M.; 
and Mrs. Susan JVlitchell, the latter now dead. 

DuTTON Lane came to Dakota county May U, 
1860. Was married to Adaline DeBorde March 22, 
1875. She died, leaving two daughters. Had made 
himself famous hy killing a mountain lion, an aligator 
and an enormous fish, all in Dakota county. He died 
in 1893, on Walker's Island. 

Joseph Smith was horn June 1, 1845, in Erie 
county, Ohio, and came to Dakota county May 10, 
1860, settling in Blyburg where he helped his father 
in the saw nnll, which was established in 1864. Was 
married to Margaret J. DeBorde in 1868. Was one of 
the founders of H( inei-, where he lived until 1875 when 
he went to Oregon. Afterwards returned and is now- 
engaged in the mercantile business in Emerson. Has 
eight children living — >'even sons and one daughter. 
One child is dead. 

Joseph IJakeis Avas lorn February 15, 1831, in 
Stalliridge, England, and came to Dakota county May 
10. I860, settling on a farm two miles south-east of 
Homer, Mhere he still lives. ]\Ia]ii(d in the fall of 
1860 to Doiothy S'mitli. Has ten children — four sons. 
George, John, Joseph and Eobert; six daughters, Mrs. 
Thomas McMahoii. Mrs. Wm. Maney, Mrs. Joseph 
Johns, Amelia, Joanna and lio^e. 

Hekbkkt Hakhis was born in England in 1838, 
and came to Dakota cjunty May 10, I860. Married a 



25J: WAKKEK's history of DAKOTA COUl«iTY. 

second time to Elva Endsby. Has four sons, Joliii Ed- 
ward, Tildeii, Leonard and Daniel ; three daughters, JMary 
E., Lydia and Dora A. Was a member of the lirist band 
of Dakota county, where he played the B claroner. 
Postoffice, Homer. 

IcOBERT Smith was lorn in E)-ie county, Ohio. 
March 25, 1857, «nd came to Dakota county June 15. 
1860. Was married to Eliza Ketherford June 18,1874. 
Has two sons, liohert Miltim and Jefrey K.\ two daugh- 
ters, Lillie Mand and Goldie Dott. One so)i Mud one 
daughter have died. Lives one-halfmile south of Homer. 
"Dui'inu tny first years here" says llobert, -'I saw some 
hard times, but still I thiifR there is no place like home, 
in Dakota county." 

GusTAVK Bkkoek was horn March 12. 1840, in 
Germany, and came to America, arriving in Dakota 
county December 5, 1860. His father, mother, brother 
Gotleib, aiul sister, Mrs. Niggernian, came with him. 
Stopped a few days in Omadi, wliich he says: "Was at 
that time a dead town," Enlisted in Company I, 2nd 
Nebraska cavali-y. Settled where he now resides, five 
miles south-west of Dakota City, in 1867. Was mar- 
ried to Miss Minerva Taylor, October 20, 187'J, and she 
died Febi-uai-y 4, 1893, leavii^^g a little daughter. His 
fathei', Frederif.k Bergei', died Jan nary 26, 18(51. 

GoTLKiB Berqkr was born in Germany, and came 
to Dakota county Decemi)er 5, 1860. Took a claim 
south-east of Dakota City, where he lived to accumulate 
considerable amount of property. Died in. Sioux CitVt 
Iowa. February 3, 1890, from effects of "■LaGrippe.'" 

SETTLERS OF 1861. 

C. C. Ork was l)orn March 17, 1817, and came to 
Dakota county in May, 18(j1. Lived in Dakota City 
live years. Had one son, William C He o\vned large 
tracts of land in Dakota county. Died at his home in 
Sii.ux City, Iowa, February 12. 1893. 



SCTTLKRS OF ISfU. ";j!3 

.I(MiN B. MvKus inin;lit liavc Ihcii seen i<'<j,<iiiii4- 
aldiior (.11 the ••l)ii('kl)<>;ir(r' frciii Oiiialia to Dako;;; 
(•(luiiry ill AuLi;nst, 1S»)1. It was a'uont noon on a hot. 
sultry August dav when his journey terminated hy 
iialtiiig- in front of A. II. Baker's hotel, in Omadi. and 
inaiiv <»f the western jxiople know what an enorni..us 
apperite it irives a person to ride a hundred miles i>n ;i 
' l)uekl)i>a!-d." The landlord stood off m the CDrner <if 
tlic room tiiid as he watche<l him devour everythin^^ in 
I'each. he wondered liow much more that man could hold. 
Jle proceeded to his hrother's place, A. J. JMyei-s. wiio 
tiien lived a short distance up the ravine west of Col. 
BiinlV farm. Worked at plastering and nearly all of 
the older houses of the county are witnesses to the 
handiwoi'k of his trowel. Went to Omalia and Xe- 
hraska City and worked a while at his trade in those 
places. Ahont this time he concluded to take unto 
himself a wife. His first step was to go out and fall in 
love with a pretty school ma'm and on the Ot)i of Jan-' 
nary. 1867, was married to Mary Ann Boyle, daughter 
oi" Chas. Boyle, in the Catholic church, at Jackson, hy 
Ilev. Father Eriach. He at once settled on a farm five 
miles southwest of Dakota City wliere he resided 
many years, an I has always been a respected and 
law ahidinii; citizen. Has lost a number of horses with 
what is known as the -bottom disease" but in later years 
did his farming v.-ith mules. John K. Myers was born 
ApVil 18, 1832, in Cambria county, Pennsylvania. In 
1854 went to Chicago and from there to DubuqueJowa. 
"Went down to New Orleans and then back to Dubuque 
and remained there seven or eight years, after which he 
went to St. Joe, Missoui-i, in 1859, then to Pennsylvania. 
Came west again to Keokuk the followinor year. When 
the great civil war broke out he enlisted in Company 
A, 2lst Missouri Infantry, commanded by Col. Moore. 
Participated in the battle of Shiloli. After leaving the 
army came north to Dakota county, wdiich closes the 
story (»f another pioneer. He is at present living iji 
Homer, Nehi'aska. 



256 Warner's history ok Dakota county. 

SETTLERS OF 1862, 1863 AND 1864. 

John Myers was born in Ireland, in 1837 'And 
came to Dakota county in 1862. Located on a farm 
and afterwards kept store in Jackson, wliere he was 
married in 1869, Has two' sons, Matthew and John; 
one daughter, Mary. Is at present living in Sioux 
City, Iowa. 

John and LIenry' Johns, two brothers, came to 
Dakota county in the fall of 1862. Settled in Blyburg. 
John married Cynthia A. Pilcrrim — has five children. 
Henry m.arried Eliza Bailey — has six children, 

John Eooney, Sr. was born in Scotland in 1828, 
and landed in America November 17, 1851. Settled 
in Dakota county in 1863, where he has resided to the 
present time. Was married in Sioux City, Iowa, to 
Bridget Long. Has five sons and six daughters — John, 
Thomas, Peter, Hugh, Henry, Ellen, Mary Ann, Katie, 
Maggie, Agnes and Anna. P. O. address, Hubbard. 

Nicolas R. Bkasfield was born in Indianapolis, 
Indiana, April 28, 1850. Enlisted in Company B, 8th 
Iowa Infantry in 1861. Came to Sergeant Bluffs April 
11, 1863, and hunted wild turkeys in the timber south 
of Dakota City, that year. Was married in Madison 
county, Iowa. His wife died and he married Miss 
Katy J. Hileman, at Dakota City, July 26, 18S3, Rev. 
D. Marquett officiating. Was elected sheriff of Dakota 
county November 8, 1887. 

Samuel Curtis came to Dakota county in July, 
1864, and settled in Blylairg, where he died. There 
are three sons — Calvin, Tunis and Samuel; one daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Ida Lane. Mrs. Curtis married John Tryon 
and they live at Blencoe, Iowa. 

John A. Williams came with his parents to Da- 
kota county, February 9, 1864. Lived in Dakota City, 
while his father was in the ai-my, three years. Then 
located in Covington, where he has since resided. 



SETTLERS OF 1864. 257 

Married in 18S7 to AlmaMcEilianey. Has one son and 
two daughters. 

Thomas Christophekson was boi'n in JS'orway. 
1835, and came to Dakota county in 1864. Settled 
along the bluffs in the soutliern part of the county wirh 
his brother Peter and was killed near Covington No- 
veniber 9, 1878, by his team running away, upsetting 
the wagon which fell upon him. His wife had pre- 
viously died, leaving four children — Christopher, 
Todli, Mrs. Miron Sutton and Anna. 

John Wjlltams was ])orn 1821 and came to Da- 
kota county, February 9, 1864 locating in Covington, 
where he ccntinued to reside until his death, at the 
residence of his son John A. Williams, on the 16th of 
May, 1889. His remains were interred in tlie Dakota 
City burying ground. His wife and three daughters 
had previously gone to their eternal rest. Three grown 
sons survived him — John A., Charles F. and James M. 

John Duggan was born in 1832, in Ireland, and 
canie to Dakota county in the spring of 1864. Took a 
homestead near Jackson. Lives one-half mile east of 
Hubbard. Married to Cathaiine Hogan; they have five 
sous — Patrick. Thoujas, Eobert. John and "William; two 
daughters — Mrs. Tliomas Long and Johannah. 

Prof. Samuel Atghey was born in Juniatta county, 
Pennsylvania, February 8, 1831, and settled in Dakota 
City in the fall of 1864. Graduated from the Pennsyl- 
vania college in 1856. In the autumn of 1857 entered 
the Theological Seminary at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 
where he re:nained four years. P'rom boyhood days took 
great interest in geology, and is to-day f)ne of the emi- 
nent geologists of oui- countiy. Married to Elizabeth 
C. Welty, in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, Oc- 
tober 14"^, 1858. ILis one daughter, Helen B. After 
»rriving in Dakota City was the Lutheran minister 
there tliree years, aleo County Surveyor and Superin- 



258 Warner's history of Dakota county. 

tendent of Public Schools. Has liekl many responsible 
positions in scientiiic and geological departments since 
moving away from Dakota county. 

Benjajviin Corwin came to Dakota county in iSlJ-i 
and settled in Blyburg where he died, leaving one son 
— George; six daughters — Mrs. Wm. Pilgiini. Mrs. 
T^ois Bliven, Mrs. Alfred Pilgrim, Mrs. Eldred Shook, 
Mrs, Taylor Osburn and Mrs. Frank Hale. His wid(.w 
was married to Andrew Johns in 1881. 

Dr. Joseph Bradbrary was married in 111., and 
came to Dakota county, 1864. Located in Dakota 
City, where he died in 1868. His wife was married a 
second time to John Smith, Sr., in 1870. and died at 
Dakota City. July 11, 1880, leaving one daughter. 
Josephine, wife of Theodore D. Curtis. 

Peter Christopherson was born in Norway. in 1S38. 
Came to America 1859 and settled in Dane county. 
Wisconsin, where he was married. Came to Dakota 
county, in the summer of 18()4 and camped ou tlie 
banks of Blyburg lake and soon after purchased a tract 
of land of Col. Orr, adjoining Capt. 0'Ct)nnei-''s farm, 
also tiled on a homestead, joining this land on the east, 
and proved up on tbe same. His wife died June 30tli, 
1882. Has seven children living and four dead. 

SETTLERS OF 1865. 

William Barnett was i)orn in 1837, in Pen-y 
county, Pennsylvania. Was .married in 1859 to Agnes 
Bell, and came to Dakota county in thespi-ing of 1865. 
flas four sons — Geoi'ge, Joseph, William and James; 
five daughtei-s — Mai-y J., Belle, T^ el lie, Florence and 
Hattie. His bi'othcr Joseph li\ed here onii year, now 
resides in Pennsylviinia. 

William Taylok was born in 1839, in L)wa, and 
on the 11th of March 1865, made his first ap[)earanc(,' 
in Dakota county. He at once, !)y his integrity and 



lo 
o 

><1 




SETTLERS OF 1865. 261 

fair dealings among his fellowmen, became a prominent 
citizen, and was elected county commissioner October 
8, 1867. Was again elected to the same office twenty-one 
years later, which position he held until the commis- 
sioner system was discontinued. Settled on a farm 
eight miles south west of Dakota City, where he still 
resides, lias lost three wives, and has eight children 
living — four sons, R. Lee, Goodwin P. William and 
John L; four daughters, Mrs. Olive Shull, Mrs. Viola 
Xixon, Sylvia and Mable C, wife of M. M. Warner. 
Three children have died. His daughter Eltna J. died 
September 4, 1888. She was loved and respected by a 
large circle of friends. 

IX MEMORIAM. 



[In fond remembrance of Elma Taylor.] 

Dear Elma lies still 
In the graveyard on the hill. 

And while the autumn winds wave 
All night long around her grave — 

Her many friends will say: 
•'How oft along the vanished past. 

Still with the lines of youth aglow, 
Spring up the flowers that faded fast — 

The scented bloom of long ago! 
Where is the heart that would forget 

The smile, the look, the embrace? 
Amid the years we treasure yet. 

The contour of her loving face, " 

A Young F'riend, M. M. 
Soutli Sioux City, Neb., September 10, '88. 



Steven M. Rockwell came to Dakota county, 
August 28, 1865, and operated a carpenter shop at 
Dakota City and in Omadi precinct. His two sons 
Ephraim and Henry live in Homer. He and two 
(laughters-— Eliza C. and Rodema live in Indiana. 
Tliree children are dead. 



262 Warner's history of Dakota coumtv. 

SETTLERS OF ISC.C. 

(teorge Leamer was boi-n in lilair coiiiit^y, Ph., 
and came to Dakota county, April 2, 1866. Boiiglit 
J. F. Warner's farm, two miles west of iJakota City, 
where he has lived to the present time. l]nilt a fine 
brick j'esidence on his farm in 1872, at a cost of ^4,- 
000. Married i?i 1852 to Mai-garet Geesey or" Blair 
county, Pa., She died ApvU 1. 1885, leaving eitrht 
sons. 

C. B. Howard was born Febi-nary 24, 18-17 in 
Pennsylvania, and came to Dakota county April 10, 
1866. In the spring of 1870 took a claim on Fiddlers 
Creek. Married to Mary Piiillips. lias one son aTid 
three daughters. Postoiiice Homer. 

Albert M. Harrington was born March 23, 1838, 
in Connecticut. Was married to Jennie S. Kimball in 
Massachnsetts. September 27, 1862, and came to Da- 
kota county, April 26, four years later. Was employed 
as carpenter at the Winnebago Agency two years and a 
half. Afterwards took a homestead on Fiddlers Creek 
wliich he stills owns. Postoffice Homer. 

Enos Keel was born in Perry county, Pennsylvania 
in 1822, and came to Dakota county in July 1866- 
Was Treasurer of Dakota county, and died when hold- 
ing the ofhce at: 10:30 a. m. October 2, 1873, at his res- 
idence five miles west of Dakota City. There are six 
children living — one son, Enos; and live daughters — 
J\Irs. Emma Myres, Duarte, California; Mrs. Mary 
Culver, Monte Vista, California; Mrs. Ella Brown and 
Mrs. Jennie Page, Lyons, Nebraska; and Miss Lizzie, 
Los Aiigeloi:, California. 

Charles H. Potter was born in Woodstock, 
Windham county, Connecticut, and spent his earlier 
years in the place of his birth, receiving his education 
from the common school of the county. Enlisted in 
the war for the L^nion as a private, in company D. 



SETTLKIiS OF 1 S«)(i. 26;} 

18tli Connecticut Inf. Vol. Soon after entering the 
service was promoted to 1st Lieutenant and placed in 
coiiiniand of company H. 24tii United States Colored 
Ti'oops. Was actin<j: Adjutant of the reginier.t and act- 
in o- assistant Adjutant General on the staff of Major 
(ireneral Barnes and when the regiment was mustered 
out was chosen Provost Marshall of Halifax county. 
Virginia. Was three years head elei'k at the Winne- 
l);ig(» Agency undei' Agent Matthewson's administra- 
tion. Was married in 18(38, to Maria Norton, at Da- 
kota City by H. II. Wilson. Located on a farm on 
Omaha creek near Comb's mill where he diligently 
la!)ored fur many years until he had reared for himself 
and wife one of the neatest and most comiortable 
honies to be found in the county. Was appointed Su- 
perintendent and his wife Matron of Industrial School 
at the Winnebago Agency, under Agent G. W. Wilk- 
inson's administration, which position he held until he 
was appointed United States Indian Agetit for the 
(Jinaha and Winnebago Agencies, to succeed Wilkin- 
son, August 7, 1885, which position he held until 
November 1, of the next year. Moved to Wakefield 
and thence to Alabama, where he has an interest in 
some oyster beds. Mr. Potter is a good scholar, an 
able debator, and taught school for a number of years 
in Dakota county. 

Geo. C. Granger was born September 12tli, 1S20. 
in Saratoga county, JN. Y. Came to Dakota county, 
September 1866. Located in the timl)er si.\ miles 
northwest of Jackson, where he opened up a wood- 
yard and sold wood to passing steamboats. Was 
twice a widower before mari-ying his present wife, 
Miss Eliza E. McKenzie, Septeiul)er 8rd, 1867. Has 
three children living. Has served a number of years 
as county commissioner and surveyor. Was elected to 
the hitter othce November 3, 1889, and is now filling 
that office. Was also elected as surveyor for Dixon 



264 WARNER't^ HISTORY OF DAKOTA COUNTY. 

county, November 2, ISSO. He is at present livino- in 
Sonth Sionx City. 

Jacob A. Sides vvas born December 31, 1844, in 
Indiana county, Pennsylvania. Enlisted in the late 
war when but 16 years of age, in Company D 4tli 
Regiment i'ennsylvania Vol. Mounted Inf. lie set- 
tled in Dakota county May 5, 18(35, on a piece of land 
two miles and a half south-east of Dakota City. His 
wife died in 1867, and was married a second time to 
Miss Alice E. Wrieht, Aneu^t 15, 1872. He vvas 
accidentally shot Friday, J lily 11, ISUU, a short dis- 
tance south of the two Lutheran churcbes west of Da- 
kota City, leaving a wife and six children, one by bis 
tirst wife and live by second. 

Adam Wenzel was bom January 20, 1820, in 
Germany and came to Dakota county in April, 1866. 
Served thi-ee years as a Union soldier in the Rebellion. 
Was married in Peora, Illinois. He has a step-son — 
Wm. Ganunet, and lives on the Island northwest of 
Dakota City. He invented acorn planter and received 
a patent for it. 

Milton Foeeshoe was born November 2*^, 1844, 
in Pennsylvania. Married to Emaline Sides April 24. 
1866, in his native state. Came to Dakota county. 
May 5, 1866, and took a homestead near "Wm. Taylor's 
place. Afterwards moved to where he now lives five 
miles southwest of Dakota City. Has one son, Milton. 
an<l two daughters, Altaand Pessie. 

S. P. MiKESELL was born in Indiana county. 
Pennsylvania, and came to Dakota county in 1866 set- 
tling in Dakota (b'ty. Afterwards moved to Ponca in 
1869 where he still lesides, ami is engaged in the mer- 
cantile business 

Michael Keel ^vas !)()rn Novemljer 5, 1815, in 
Perry county, Pennsylvania, crossed the I'iver into Da- 
kota'county, July 5, 1866. Lived on the bottom west: 



SETTLERS OF 18(i7. 2()5 

iif I);il<(;ta ('ity foi- thi-ee years, when he moved to the 
ahove iiaiued town wliei'e he lived nntil liis deatli. 
Fehniary 28,189:2. 

M. W. Beardshear made his iirst journey to 
Dakota connty on a sled in January 1867. Was mar- 
ried to Josiah" W. Davis' eldest daughter, Elien S.. 
Decemher 25, 1868. Has four sons, the names of the 
three eldest being Frank, William and Edward; three 
d;iiiuhters, Lille, i3ertha and Roselin. Lives on a farm 
three miles south of Homer. Mr. Beardshear was born 
in Knox countv, Ohio, April 18, 1842. Has served as 
assessor for dniadi precinct. 

Taylor Osburn was born in 1848 in Indiana, 
and came to Dakota county, June 1867. Was married 
to Rosa Carwin in 1873, and has seven children living 
^three sons and four daughters. One child died. 
He is at present living in lilyburg. 

Charles D. Bayliss was bom in West Virginia 
in 18o7. When the war of the rebellion broke out he 
enliste<l in the Third West Virginia Infantry, and at 
the close of the war received a certiticate of thanks 
from the governor for his gallantry and bravery. 
Oame to Dakota county, Nebraska, in the spring of 
18()7, located in Covington, and with Wm, Hedges, 
started a meat market at that place. Afterwards moved 
to the Omaha Indian reservation, where he married 
.Mrs. Moneravie, in 1880, and died at his home on 
Omaha creek, August 8, six years later. His wife and 
two children survive bin). 

Martin S. Mansfield was born about 1830, 
in Marion, Grant county, Indiana. In 1840 went, to 
t'haiupaign county. 111., where he was engaged atfarm- 
ing and learning the carpenter's ti-ade. Enlisted in the 
Avar for the Union June'l, 1861, in Company C. 25th 
.Illinois Infantry, under Col. W. N. Coller. After- 
wards sci'/ed in >[issonri under Gen. Siegel and fought 
h} that great battle of the southwest — Pea liidge. 



266 WARNKi^'s HISTORY Ol' UAICOTA COUNTY. 

March 6, 7 and 8, 1862. Was detached to the 8th 
Wisconsin battalion, liglit avtilieiy, August 18, 1862. 
Was at the evacuation of Corinth, Mississippi. 
marclied from there to Perry ville and participated in 
the engagement of (Jctober 8, 1862; was captui-ed 
near Nashville. Tennessee, November 7, 1882 by John 
Morgan, and was taken to Lebanon, Tennessee, was 
paroled but not released. Escaped by running across 
some ditches where he could not be followed by horse- 
men. Was sent to Camp Chase, Ohio, where he re- 
mained until March 8, 1863, when he returned to the 
command at Murfreesborough, Tennessee. Aftei- 
participating in the battles of Chickamauga, Lookout 
Mt. and Missouri Ridge, returned to Murfreesborough. 
Fought in the i)attles of Kennesaw Mt. and Peach creek; 
was released at Atlanta, August 3, 1864, and sent to 
Springfield, Illinois. Came to Decatur, Nebraska, 
June, 1865, and worked at tiie carpenter's trade. Went 
to the Winnebago Agency, Neb)-aska, October 1, 1866, 
to do some carpenter work and spent the following 
winter in Decatur. On the 7th day of March, 1867, 
he stood for the first time in his life upon Dakota 
county soil. Llelped to bnild the Sam Condjs mill. 
Was married October 20, of that year to Sarah C. De- 
Borde, fifth daughter of J. F. DeBorde — one of the 
pioneers of Dakota county, Covington. Nebrask;?. 
October 1, of the following yeai-, crossed over thy 
bridge on Omaha creek where Homer was soon after 
located, with a load of lumber and his tools. F>y night 
of the same day he had e.ompleted the first house ever 
erected in the town of Homer, which Mas occupied l)e- 
fore dark by John and Joseph Smith with a stock of 
general merchandise. The following spring he built 
several other houses in the new town, wliieh had in the 
meantime been staked off into lots. Smithville was 
suggested as the name for the town in honor of its 
founders, whereupon Mr. Mansfield replied: "Gentle- 
men, I want a name with one mouthful, the new town 



SETTLEKS OF 1867. 267 

will he called Horner." Was commissioned a notary 
public in 1885 and appointed by President Cleveland 
as postmaster at Homer, which office he took charge of 
on tlie 12tli day of February of the next year. The 
Homer postoffice was raised to a money order offi(.'e 
July 1, 1887. Has six children living. He has ever 
taken a deep interest in all enterprises looking to the 
welfare of the county, is considered a good public 
speaker and has always identified himself with the dem- 
ocratic party in Dakota county politics and no history 
of the county can ever be impartially written without 
the name of M. S. Mansfield. 

William Hedges was born April lOth 1887, in 
Beverly. Washington county, Ohio; moved with par- 
ents to Athens county, and then to Morgan county, 
where he lived on a farm until the begiiming of the 
war; enlisted in April, 1861, in Company H. 17th 
Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Was promoted to orderly 
sergeant, after being wounded in the charge at Fort 
Wagner. Gen. B. F. Butler recommended to the 
governor of Ohio that ''William Hedges be promoted 
to the rank and pay of 1st. Lieutenant, for meritorious 
conduct in front of the enemy at Richmond." In ten 
days afterwards was again promoted as captain of his 
company, which position he held until after the close 
of the war. Was mustered out of service November 
7th, 1865, and i-eturned to his home in C)hio. In the 
spring of 1867 started west and crossed the Missouri 
river at Decatur, took passage on the stage going north 
to Dakota county, arriving at Isaac Moni'oe's place 
mow owned by Geoi'ge Peterson) March 15th. He 
began the next day to drive the stage, which car-ried 
the mail between Moni'oe's place and Sioux City. Was 
niaiTied to Miss Sarah Dorsey, at Dakota City, Sep- 
tember 23rd, 1868. by Judge Samuel Whitehorn. 
Was appointed farmer at the Winnebago Agency, by 
Agent Col. Arthur Edwai-ds, in 1880. In 1881 moved 



268 WARNEK't^ HISTORY OF DAKO'lA COUNTY. 

to Dakota City, and retui-iicd to Jacksop. in tlie spi'ino 
of 1882, wLere he again opened up ;i meat market. 
Was again appointed as farmer at tiie Winnebago 
Agency, by Charles H. Potter, wliicii position he lield 
until he received a ficeiise as Indian trader at the same 
agency, under Agent J. F. Warner. Mr. Hedges ha^ 
always been considered, by those who have had deal- 
ings with him, to be an honest, upright citizen. lla> 
two children, ijhinche and Tlionias. 

William Lapsley was born August 5, 1805, in 
Indiana county, Pennsylvania, and came to I);d<:ot;i 
county, March 19. 1867. Settled on a farm southwest 
of Dakota City. Married to- Isabella Matthews in 
1885. He died at his residence September 17, 1887- 
leaving a wife and eight children — four sons, James J.. 
William, of Pennsylvania, Robert L. and John A.: 
four daughters, Mrs. J. N. Hamilton, Eliza J., Rebecca 
and Matilda B. 

David Y. Hileman was born in Pennsylvania in 
1828, and landed upon Dakota county soil Marcdi 22. 
1867. Purchased a tract of land of Geo. T. W^oods. 
six miles southwest of Dakota City, where he has re- 
sided to the present time. His wife died leaving two 
sons — Woods M. and Robert O.; two daugliters, Mrs. 
Dennis Armour and Mrs. Albert Heikes. Mr. Hile- 
man is one of the prominent men of the county and he 
always has been considered hs an honest and upright 
citizen. 

Daniel Sullivan came to Dakota county, March 
22, 18(n. Was married the same year. Has out' son 
and four daughtei's; one child died. Lives eight 
miles northwest of Jackson. 

John II. Bhidenbaugh was boi-n Septembei- 80tli. 
1820, Petersburg, Huntington county, Pennsylvania. 
Spent liis early days on the farm, afterwards leai-ned 
the millinii i)U.'-^iness; was mai'ried to Rosana Wertz. 



SETLKKS OF 1,SH7. 269 

in H(i]lidaysbui-g, Pennsylvania. January 2(j. 1843. 
Was a soldier in the late war and ''with the seldierss 
-tood/" Enlisted in ('onipany F. 55tli Pennsylvania 
\'et. Inft., February 13, 1864. '"Marched down to 
Washington" and was disf'Jinrged in 1865. In the 
spring of 1867 he heeame convinced that the great 
west was the place for hini and began preparations for 
a journey to Nebraska, crossing the Missouri river at 
Sioux City, April 1(). Moved his family to the old 
Charley Flckhart place, two miles directly south of 
Dakota City. December 1869, moved down and took 
charge of the Oaks mill, where he remained until 
April 1870, when he went to Jackson and took charge 
of the grist mill at that place. Here he remained until 
JNovember 1870, when lie purchased a ti-act of land of 
Anthony J. AJyies, six miles southwest of Dakota City, 
where he has resided to the present time. His wife 
died Deceujber 29, 1891, leaving eight children — six 
sons, Phillip W., John, Benjamin N., Samuel A., 
Williau' H. and Ulysses dr.; two daughters. Rebecca 
and Mrs. Mary Fair of Pennsylvania. Four children 
have died. 

M. J. Hermann looked out upon what was after 
wards tv> !)e known as Dakota county, in May, 1855. 
From the Blyburg hills to the l)luffs at St. John's, he 
beheld one vast expanse of wild praii-ies and almost un- 
penetrable jungles. He was on his way to the Yellow- 
stone i-iver (111 the steamer "Genora," with Thogmartin 
as captain and Garnian. clei'k. Saw great herds of 
buffalo, and the Indians showed such a war-like disposi- 
tion that the boat was anchored in mid-river to keep 
them from attacking it. They killed their own meat 
and clKjpped their own wood. ^Vs they passed along 
by the beautiful laiuls of northeastern Nebraska. 
Capt. Thogmartin s;iid : '-Mr. Hermann, I do not ex- 
p'^ct to live to see it myself, but should you live to be 
tifty years old. you will see this one of the grandest 



270 vvarnkk's history ok Dakota county. 

comities in the world." Lived in Sioux City in 18(59 
and uftervvards was engaged in business in Oinahn. 
]\Ioved with his family to Dakota county, Marcli 187'.' 
and went into business in Homer, under tlie tirm nai^e 
of iSash & Hermann, dealers in general merchandise, 
which was afterwards dissolved and Mr. H. established 
a store of his own. The store with all gocnls was Inii-ned 
in 1893. M. J. Hermann was born December 16, 1839, 
in St. Charles Parish, Louisana. VVorked on boat Ite- 
tweeii New Orleans and St. Paul and also on the Ohio 
and Missouri rivers. Remembers the time vvhen there 
was not a single house between St. Joe and Council 
Bluffs. Was employed on the boat that bi'ought Capt. 
O'Connor to the county. 

Chris Mikesell was born in 1839 Jind came to Da- 
kota county in the spring of 1867. Bought John Nafi- 
zigger's farm. Was married in 1869 in Pennsylvania, 
to Julia F. Fair and returned to Nebraska, arriving 
here '-wdth the girl he had left behind him" March 20. 
Settled on a farm where he now j-esides, three milep 
west of Dakota City. Has one son — Willian F.; four 
daughters — Nellie, Mary, Gertie and Lizzie. 

Luther Harden was born December 27, 1833, and 
came with his parents to Iowa in 1837. Was married 
to Snrah Jane Underwood Mai-ch 6, 1857, i" Jeflferson 
county, Iowa. Moved to Dakota county May 9, 1867- 
and camped near C. D. Martin's old pre-emptitJii c;d)in 
that night. Afterwards lived in Dakota City, where 
he was engaged in butciierin>i: business. Located on a 
farm one-half mile north of Dakota City whei-e he srill 
resides. Has two children -Mrs. John Orr an<l Burt G. 

John R. Sprague spent his first night in Dakota 
county at Joslah W. Davis' old plnce south of Homer, 
June 1, 1867, fi^^id the next morning as he looked around 
lie little dreamed that he whs viewing a country destined 
to be rich and prosperous, over which he would be called 
upon to preside as justice of the peace and be hailed as 



SKTTLERS OF lH(i7. 271 

••*LS(|nire Spragne," twenty years later. During that suin- 
nier helped to build tiie Gideon Warner bridge across 
( )niaha creek. Built a blacksmith shop near the old 
(diaries Bliven place and after working at his ti-ade 
there for a while removed his shop to Dakota City. 
Aiidut this time Ivalph (Troodwin wanted to break up a 
piece of land northeast of Dakota City, but there was 
udt a. breaking plow to l)e had at any of the stores in 
the county, whereupon Mr. Spragne made a breaking 
jdow complete for him. Has been proprietor of general 
stoi-es in Dakota City and Homer. Was democratic 
candidate for county commissioner fur Omadi precinct 
in 1882 and was defeated by a majority of tliree votes. 
Has six childi'en living and two dead. Builtagood sub- 
stantial residence in Homer in 1887 and has at different 
times owned some of the best farms in the county. 
John R. Sprague was born March 30, 1842, in Milton, 
Rock county, Wisconsin. Learned blacksmithing while 
a \oung man and worked at that trade until the break- 
ing out of the Rebellion, when he "shouldered his mus- 
kec" and marched to the scene of conflict. Enlisted in 
Company E, 22nd Wisconsin Infantry, August 11, 1862. 
AVent to Cincinnatti and thence to Kentucky and par- 
ticipated in the battle of Brent Wood, March 5, 1863, 
where he was captured by the rebels and taken to Co- 
lumbia and from there to Libbie prison. Was released 
June Gth and went to City Point, Virginia, and fi'om 
there to Annapolis, Indiana. Went to St. Louis wliere 
he joined a re-oi-ganized regiment under General 
llosencrans and afterwards ''marched with Sherman 
down to the sea," which is a little incident of wliich 
his children may well feel proud. At the close of the 
war went to Milwaukee and was married to Sarah J, 
Simerson at Edgerton, Wisconsin, September 2, 1805. 

-fouN Nixon was born in Scotland, 1820, and married 
at an early age. Ilis wife died in her native land, and 
Mr. Nixon with his five children soucrht a home in 



272 Warner's mistohy of darota colntv. 

America, his brother William having preceeded liim. 
Arrived in Dakota eonnty, June 27, 18(J7 and lived 
with his brotlier. Died January 15, 1882, leaving 
five children — two sons, Alex M. and John J^.; and three 
daugliters, Lizzie, Mrs. Jean Waite and Martha L., the 
latter was the wife of Wm. Taylor— died in May 1889. 

William Holswoktii was horn in Pittsburg, 
Peuiit-ylvania, March -ith, 1841 the day upon which 
William Henry Harrison was inaugurated as Fi-esident, 
and for whom lie was named. Moved with his pai'ents 
to Monroe county, Ohio, early in 1845, where he spent 
his childhood days in the woods and wilds of that 
country as it then was, and there he received an eau- 
cation, such as could be obtained. Here he lived until 
1865, when he went to Wisconsin, and remained there 
two years, which time he spent teaching school in the 
city of Watertown and Jefferson county. Previous to 
this time, however, he had been teaching in Ohio and 
what is now Western Virginia. Was married to Mary 
Holsworth, Auojust 19, 1867, at Watertown, Jefferson 
county, Wisconsin, and immediately w^ent to Omaha, 
arriving there September 26tli, where he remained un- 
til July, 1868, when he turned his face northward, de- 
tei'mined to find a location for a home. Aiul he found 
it, on the 3d day of July, 1868, on a south branch of 
Wi'gle creek, in Dakota county, where he at once 
located, and where he has since resided. Here, amid 
the wild prairies of those days, he began to build a 
comfortable home for himself and family; to In-eak up 
the prairie and plant beautiful groves of maple, bo.\eld- 
er, walnut and other trees; which will add beauty and 
wealth, and stand as stately landmarks to call up the 
memory of an old settler, when the hands that plantetl 
them shall long have mouldered into dust. Here, also 
he has thus lar raised eight children, the eldest 24, and 
the youngest 10 years old — all l)eyond the cradle, at 
least — and he never had a cradle in the house. He has 



SETTLERS OF 1867. 273 

tuiitflit seliool in fonr different states — Virginia, Ohio. 
Wisconsin and Nebraska. His services as teacher will 
long he remembered as heing among the most success- 
fnl schools ever taught in Dakota county. He has al- 
ways taken an active interest in county affairs, and is 
considered as an able debater and eloquent orator, and 
as puch has often been called upon to appear before 
public gatherings and important assemblages, includ- 
ing political conventions, Fourth of July celebrations, 
the "Farmers' Club," and reunions of the Pioneer and 
Okl Settlei-s. In all his dealings between man and 
men his conduct has always been honest and upright, 
and liis generous and valuable services in the effort to 
bring Dakota county from Its wild and almost nnin- 
Jiabited condition to the present wealth and prosperity 
will long be remembered by its citizens. 

Timothy Mukphy was born in Ireland, in 1844 
and came to Dakota county, September 1867. Settled 
on a farm one mile and a half north of Homer. Mar- 
ried in 1868 to Mary O'Neill. Has one son — Thomas; 
four daughters — Mrs. Thomas Ashford Jr., Maggie. 
Loreine and Pearl. Postofhce Homer. 

John Oak landed upon the site of Tekamah, Ne- 
bi-askn , July 28, 1855, and settled in Dakota county in 
1867, where he was proprietor of the Oak's mill. Here 
he and his wife died. Oakland, Nebraska was named 
in honor of him. 

S. I. Hart came to Dakota county, (>ctober 20. 
1867, and settled in Brushy Bend. Took an active 
part in the Grange organization in the county. Mar- 
ried to Mrs. Washington Warner, which was his se- 
cond marritige. Lives in Di.\on county. 

SETTLERS OF 1868. 
J. 11. Rockwell came to Dakota county, January 



274 Warner's history of Dakota county. 

2S, 1868, and took a homestead on Fiddlers creek 
where he now lives. Has two sons and three daughters. 

Calvin Rockavell settled in Dakota county. Jan- 
uary 28, 1868, and took a homestead in Pigeon creek. 
Married to Marilda Smith. Has tliree sons and two 
daughters. 

Thomas Havnes came to Dakota county in March. 
1868, and took a homestead six miles west of Jackson. 
Died in 1879, leaving a wife and live cliildren — four 
sons, Patrick. James L., Michael and Daniel; one 
dangliter, Mrs. Thomas Rusli. His son Michael li\es 
on the old place and is mai-ried to Mary Gormaley. 

Alexander Berndt plodded tliiongh the mud 
across Dakota county March 4. 1868. Took a home- 
stead where he now lives, two miles Avest of Homer. 
Married in 1862 to Friederka Broecker. 

Joseph Hileman was born in 1830, and came fi'om 
Pennsylvania to Dakota county March 27, 1868, and 
located on a farm west of Dakota City. Eno-agetl in 
the livery business afterwards, in Dakota City. Was 
married to Sarah Lingenfelter in 1858. Died at his resi- 
dence in Dakota City August 26, 1877, leaving a widow 
and nine childre«ri — eight sons, Harry V,, A^ndrew Curten, 
Ulysses G., Willijun, Emmett L., John B., Guy and 
Walter; one daughter. Mrs. Katie Brasfield. 

John Mitchell was born September 8, 1813, in 
West Newton, Pennsylvania. Came to Iowa in 1851 
and settled in Dakota county, April 11, 1868, where he 
oppei-ated a blackmitli shop at Dakt)ta City, for' 
many years. Mari'iecl September 15, 187() to Mattie 
Oesteriing, at Dakota City. Has one child-- I'loi-ence. 
Postofiice, Sioux City, lovva. 

Joseph McPheuson was born in 1828, North Car- 
olina. Married to Nancy Ann Deer in Morgan county, 
IndiaiJa, and came to Dakota county, in the spring of 



SlSTI.KliS OF 18H«. 275 

1868 where lie opened up a brick yard. In July 
18(U enlisted in the 7th Iowa Infantry, and was 
uiustered out in 18()4 at Chattanooga, Tennessee. 
Moved to Hitchcock county, Nebraska, August 1884, 
being one of its pioneer settlers. Has eight children, 
two sons —Wesley and Samuel J.: six daughters — 
Mr*;. Thena Ream, Mrs. Lydia Phillips, Mrs. America 
Duncan, Mrs. Nettie Hammond, Mrs. Mary Smith and 
Mrs. Jessie Little. 

Will S. Jay was. born in 1853, in Knoxville, Iowa, 
and came to Dakota county, ^pril 23, 1868- Has been 
ill the.newspapei- business in the county for a nuinbei- 
of years. Married to Georgia Grifiey in 187*J. Has 
three sons. 

Petkr Mikksell was born in Indiana county, 
Pennsylvania. Came to Dakota City, Nebraska, in 
1868, where he was elected Justice of the Peace. Died 
at Dakota City. March 21, 1872, and buried near the 
Lutheran church of that place. 

C. M. Crowell came to Dakota county, May 5, 
1868 and lived on J. F. Warner's farm m the southern 
part of the county. Went ro Dixon county, where he 
lived, until he moved to Central City, Nebraska, where 
lie now i-esides. Mari'ied in 1850, his wife died, was 
married a second time in 1859 to Sarah Marquess. 
Has three children — one son and two daughters. 

Jacou Hkikes was born May 5, 1837, in Mitiiin, 
Juniata couiity. Pennsylvania. Was married to Mary 
J. Aughey Fel)ruary 16. 1858, and came to Dakota 
county, Mai-cli 17, 1868. Located on a farm three 
miles southwest of Dakota City where he remained 16 
years, when he moved to Wayne county and built a 
comfortable liome. Has nine children, foui- sons — 
Albei't A., Luther A., Samuel A.. Charles A.; and 
Hve daughters — Mrs. Ida V. Milligaii, Mrs. Anna B. 
Long, Mrs. Tillie Slaughter. Mary M. and Lettie P.. 
His son Luthei' is livino- on the old fai-m. 



276 wakner's history or Dakota county. 

MicnAKi, Cain was born, in 1830, in Iieljind. and 
came to America in 185(), arriving in Dakota connty. 
May 8th, 1868. Located in Jackson where he remain- 
ed nine years. In 1877 settled on a piece of land one 
and a half miles from where Hubbard now stands. Was 
married to Miss Maggie Brackin, in Massacliuserts, in • 
1860 — liave seven children livino; and foni- dead. 

Kntd Hanskn was burn in Denmark in 1883. and 
H-as married to Fredcnkke Joro;ensen in 1865. Have 
one son — Christian; three daughters — Carrie M., 
Eliza M. and Emily S. Took a homestead on Wigle 
creek in June 1868. where he has lived to the present time. 

Charles JJ. Phillits was horn August 23, 1831. 
in Foster, Rhode Ishmd, and when sixteen years old 
went to Connecticut, thence to Illinois. Was married 
to Miss Evaline Hunt, in Lake county, Illinois, in 
1860, and moved to Dakota county, June 23, eiglit 
years later. Located on the Louan river in Dix(^n 
county, and returned to Dakota City in 186U where he 
has resided to the present time, engaged in tlie dray 
business. Has live childi-en living — three son^^, and 
two daughters, and three children have died. 

M. O. Ay RES was born in Lee county, Iowa, and 
came to Dakota county in 1868- Married to Ella 
Nevelle. step daughter of Col. Bates. Has one son, 
Edgar, and two daugiiters, Florence and Marion. He 
kept a drn_2" store for a number of years and is at pres- 
ent pi'oprietor of the Bank of Dakota City. He did 
not sit around and wait for something to turn up, but 
he set his hands and iu'ains to work and to-day he has 
something to sliow' for it. 

Samuel A. Comds began paying his respects to Da- 
kota county on the 10th day of August, 1868. Was 
engaged in the milling business for several years at 
Lodi and Jacksoi;. Afterwai'ds pni-chased tlie Frontier 
Mills^ tvv(.) miles south of lIomei',wIiei'e he still resides. 



SKri'LKIi> OF 1S«S. Z i ( 

Cluiiicred luiiue to ILmier Rollei- Mills. Was nuirried to 
Martha J. Wirtz in 1869 at lliidsou. Michigan. Has one 
soil, Frank, and two daughter:?, Sarah E. and Helen E. 
Three cdiildren have died. Their daugjiter Jennie 
died August 30th, 1887, leaving a large cii-cle of 
friends to inoiirn her untimely death. Sam A. Com Us 
was l)orii April 27, 1846 in St. Clair county, Michigan. 
Moved with parents in 1848 to Ontario (bounty, iSew 
^'t»rk, where he learned tlie milling trade. Eetnrned 
to ]\[ichigan in 1866. His sojourn in Dakota county 
has l)eeii marked with push and energy. 

Willia;m L. Covell came to Dakota county, in 
1868, and took a homestead on Wigle creek, five miles 
Southwest of Homer, where he kept the Randolph 
postoffi(,-e. After living in the county eight years 
ino\-ed to Jackson, Michigan, wdiere he now resides. 

Lewis Jopp was born in Germany, and came to 
Dakota county, August 1868. Took a homestead, 
where he lives at the present time five miles east of 
l^^merson. Married the same year. Has one daughter. 
Katie. Four children have died. 

Daniel C. Dibule was born in Delaware county. 
New Yoi'k, and came to Dakota county in 18(58. He 
located upon the wild prairie land two miles southwest 
of Dakota C'ity, and began the task of opening up a 
farm. After many years of hai'd work he has succeed- 
ed ill accumulating considerable wealth and has a 
beautiful farn^ and home. He was married to Jane 
Wood, in January, 1S61, and has one son, "William C. 
and one daughter, Nellie. Has served as county com- 
missioner and has at all times assisted in public enter- 
prises crtlcuiateci to better the welfai-e of the county. 
PostofHce, Dakota City. 

Tno^EAs J. King c;inie to Dakota county, Septem- 
ber 23. 11S()8, and tc^ok a homestead on Pigeon c/'eek 
one mile southeast of IIubb;ird. Married to M. J. 



2(8 WARNER S HISTORY OF DAKOTA ('OUNTY. 

Exliue ill Ohio, Jaimary 20. 1859. lliis six sous — 
ThoiiiMS E., G. M., Melville T., L. L., M. U. and Charles 
S. ; three daughters — Mrs. Flora E. Kaualy, Maude and 
Lamenta. Eidisted as 1st Lienteiiant in Company A. 
SMJtli Ohio Infantry. Was afterwards trausfen-ed to the 
82nd Ohio Regiment. Has been county judge a!id su- 
perintendent of public instruction. At present engaged 
in the hiw business at South Sioux City. 

John McConehey was born 1850, and came to ])a- 
kato county in October, 1868, Was a union soldier in 
the Rebellion. Lives on his farm two miles and a half 
southeast of Soutli Sioux City 

. Dennis Mitchell came to Dakota county Octobei- 
13, 1868, Jiiid took a homestead six miles west of Jack- 
son. Married to Catharine Cullen in 18()4:. Has two 
sons and one daughter. 

Tim Carrabine was born Marcli 9th, 1851, in Peter- 
borough, Canada, and came to the United States at tht 
age of ten years. Came to Dakota county October 10th. 
1868. and was employed three years in the Ferry House 
at Covington, after which he worked in Reinnaman's 
store. Bought a half interest in Nicolas Maher's gro- 
eery store and later purchased the entire stock. He 
was also postmaster at that place. Was married to 
Emnnx Davis, a step-daughter of James Stott, Novem- 
l)er, 2nd, 1873, at Dakota City. Moved to a forty acre 
farm, (at jH'eseiit 1280 acres.) in tlie spring 1875. F)uijr 
a fine residence in Emerson and moved thei-ein tiie fall 
of 1884. Went into the stock business in 1886. and 
engaged in the mercantile business in Emerson, undei 
the firm name of Davis & Carrabine. In 1887 ^vent in- 
to the live stock commission business in Sioux City. la., 
under the firm name of Ingei-son, Cari'abine c^' Lye. 
Have one child, a daughter. 

C. ^V . Payne came to Dakota county in fall of LS6'*''. 
and took a homestead on Wigle Ch'cek, nov/ owned by 
('hris.I>ille. l^ivts in flackson. Michio-Mii. 



SKTTLKRS OF 186S. ^(i* 

I1li.1i AV. (tai.i.A(;iikr whs boni Septeiiil)er,17.185(). 
in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania,iiu<l came to Da- 
kota county March l!~t,1868. Was married to Emma 
Antrim Jnne ITtli, 1882. Haveone son and t\vodan«:li- 
ters. Lives on farm three miles south of Hubbard. 

W. I. Bkoyiiii.i. was l)oi'n in Moni-oe county, 
Tennessee. Auuu&t 2i*. 1821, and moved with \\i> 
jjarents to Illinois in 1830; lived in a small cal)in that 
v.-inter near Springtield, and while there, a <;-i'eat snow 
fell which was more than four feet deep -"on the level." 
Deer was very plentiful and they were easily killed 
with clubs as they would break through the snow crust 
while a man conld walk on the surface. All they had 
that winter in the way of provisions was hominy and 
venison. VVa? nuirried, November 1, 1847 to Margaret 
Hutchinson, of Dliio. who was born in Kentucky. Came 
from l>rio;hton, Iowa, to Dakota county July 12. 18P)9, 
nnd took a homestead, wdiich is now known as the Cal. 
NordyUe farm. Was getting ready to build a residence 
wlien all his lumber was burned; sold his claim and 
moved to the Wm. Cheeney farui. west of Dakota C^ity 
where he i-emained one year and six months. Then 
bought the old Murdick farm (which is to-day ail 
washed away by the Missouri river,) and ^'wheii 1 
found" said Mr. Broyhill, "that the Old Muddy held 
a nwi-ttrage on it, and not wishing to make a contest 
with the thieving tyrant, I took advantage of its. old 
frozen carcass and crossed over to Iowa."' Came back 
to Dakota county in 1874; bought the Geoi'ge \yo<»tl> 
fai'm west of Dakota City, and after living there two 
years sold it and settled in Dakota City where he died, 
Wednesday December 14. 1892, leaving a wife and six 
sons — Charley. James, Richard, Lincoln, William and 
Frank; three daughters Mrs. Marcellus Rean'. Mrs. 
Chas. Herrick and Ellen. 

Lawrence Erlach was born in Austria. Europe, 
Augnst 1. 1S88. Received a liberal classic education 
and graduated at the Austrian Militai-y Nornuil. 



2(S0 Warner's history of dako'ia rorNTV. 

Afterwards served as seeoiul and first Lienreuant in 
tiie Austrian army, and fouijjht in tlie oi-cjit Itattle of 
(yiistozza, Italy. Arrived in Aniei'ica December '2:2. 
1866 and settled on a I'ai'm near IlnUh.ird two years 
later where he lias since resided. Was mai-ried to 
Sara!) McCormick, at Jackson, May 29, I86U. and has 
ti\e sons and six danghters; Robert Lawi'enee. 
Micliael Thomas. Jjhn. Sarali, Josephine, Martha. 
Thei-esa, Helen and Knth. One child died. In speak- 
ing of his settlement in America he said: ''I havt^ 
nevei-, as yet, regretted the day when I became a citi- 
zen of tlie grandest and strongest and best Repnbbc on 
earth." Be has composed a number of poems, some 
of which have atti-acted more than local attenti<;>u 
among these is the following: 

VER.VAL THOUGHTS. 



15right is the orb of day, 
Merrj^ the birds on the spray, 

While the kine on the prairie , 
And the maid in the dairy. 
Each with its reason 
Welcome the season. 

Glorious Spring! Who would decline 
In thee to behold a power divine, 

That paints the plain green 
With pencil unseen, 
Arraigning *-liobs"' speeches 
As sad moral leeches. 

Behold that feathery throng 
Chirping your shade trees among! 

Take leave from your book. 
Step out to the brook, 
Which murmurs in tjlee 
because of being set free. 

Well may our time honored race. 
Freed by God's and Washington's grace, 
IJemember each Spring 
'I'heir broken chains cling 
And join in the laughter 
Of freed rivers hereafter, 

LaWRKNCE EKLACrB. 



SKTLKliS OF ISH'J. 281 

SETTLERS O.E 186VI. 

Pf.tku Rrsii \v;!s born Febrnui-y :2. 183-i, in Ii'e- 
land, couiitj of Tyrone, and came to America and set- 
tled ill Illinois. Located in Dakota county March L7. 
1869, and took a homestead in Summit precinct, where 
he lias resided with his family to the present time, seven 
miles west of Jackson. Was married June 15, 1861. 
to Ann Bnrte, Jo Daviess county, Illinois. His wife 
<lied in 1885 leaving ten children — six sons, Daniel. 
Thomas, John, Peter, Charles and Francis; and four 
daughters — Magxrie Ann, Lizzie, Ella and Katie. The 
latter died in January, 1890. 

James Rush was born in 1833,in Ireland,an<l came 
to 111., where he enlisted in the war of the Rebellion. 
Married to Cathai-ine Burte, and came to Dakota 
county, March 17, 1861). Took ■ a homestead seven 
miles west of Jackson where he has i-esided to the 
present time. 

William P. Altemus was bi.rn April 19, 1838, in 
Indiana county, Pennsylvania. Enlisted in the war 
for the Union, in 1861. and served to its close. He 
beloncyed to the 12th Pennsylvania, reserve. Company 
IT. and was wounded at Richmond in 1862. Came to 
Dakota county April 1, 1869, and bonght Kelly W. 
Fi-azer's blacksmith shop, which stood on the cornei- of 
Walnut and 1-lth streets. Since engaged in mercantile 
^nsiness and at present lives on his farm two miles due 
L^outll of Dakota City. Married to Nanie M. Hugh, 
March 4, 18()9, in Pennsylvania. Has four childr*3n. 
<jnie son and three daughters, 

('ooK D. Critchfield was born in Holmes county. 
Ohio, 1849, and came to Dakota county. May 23, 1869. 
Was married to Lilly Dalt(m August 27, 1879. In 
March, 1886, moved on a farm in western part of the 
^^ounty, in Pigeon creek precinct on Elk Creek where 
he i-ei^'ides at the present time. 



28™ Warner's history of Dakota couN'rv. 

.loiiN H. V,. CovKij. wus l)oni Sei)teinl>(M' 10. 1837. 
ill New ^'ork. and came to J,)akota couiitv. rjiiiie 2rt. 
1S(;U. Took a homestead six ii'iles southwest of 
[Joitier, whei'e lie lives to the prestait time. Was inai"- 
ried to Jane W. George at Brooklyn. ?^ew York, in 
18()5. Has three sons, Wni. X., Frank and Harry; 
three danohters. liosa W.. Neliie E. and Klhi A. 
Their ehlest danghtei- is dead. Was twice elected 
assessor for ()madi precinct. 

A. 11. AND ('. J. XoRDYKK, two hi'othei's canie to 
Dakota county from Iowa in 18(51*, and took homesteads 
i»n KIk creek. A. H. was killed hy the cai's in southern 
Nebraska, December 18, 1888- His wife and seven chil- 
dren are still living in the county. ('. J. is living in 
Sioux City. Iowa. 

Frkdkkiok IjANGe came to Dakota county in 18()9, 
and took a liomestead on Wigle creek. He and his \vile 
are both dead. There are six (diildren living — Joseph 
and five danghtei's. 

Fred Ui.ume was born in 1855. in Prussia, aiid 
came to America, settling in Dakota county July 9, 
18()9. I^xiught a farm of Dave Shull, four miles aid 
a half noi'theast of Emerson, whei-e he lives at thepi-esent 
time 

J. X. 1I.\M1LT0N was born Xoveniber 7, 1832, in 
HIair countv, Pennsylvania, ('ame to Dakota county 
■June 7, 18()9, and was mai'ried to Mary Lapsley thi-ee 
days later. Went to Pennsylvania, i-etiir-ned and set- 
tled ill the county April 29, 1879. Operated saw 
mill and threshing machine and a store all in Dakota 
cminty. lias six children, all daughters. 

Richard D. Rockwell came to Dakota county. 
August 1S()*I. Married in 1873 to Susan Myei's. Has 
two sons anil two daughters. One child died. Post- 
office. Hubbard. 

Calei: Lane came to Dakota ci-unty Septembei-. 



I 



s?:ttlers of 1869. 283 

18(59, and settled in Oiiiadi precinct. Married to 
Dina Lanipson in 1871. Has fonr sons, and three 
daughters, Anna, Dora Belle, Edward Caleb, Frank, 
Susan May, Dallas and Albert. One child died. 
PostofHce address, Flonnioy. 

James Mitchkll came to Dakota county, October, 
18()9, and took a homestead on Elk creek. Moved to 
Richland, Iowa. Has seven children. 

Gkorge W. Rockwell drove off of the ferry boat 
at Covington, with his family, ISTovember 10, 1869, 
and settled on a farm three miles west of Homer, 
where lie still resides, on Fiddlers creek. He was born 
September, 16, 1836, in Ohio. Was married to Eliza- 
beth Widner, November, 2, 1859, in Indiana. Has 
three sons, Louis V., Wm. H. and Freeman A.; two 
daughters, Mrs. Mary E. Bruce and Mrs. Minnie A. 
Hruce. 

Stephen Joyce came to Dakota county, December 
3, 1869. Married July 17, 1877, to Renora Rush, 
Kelly W. Frazer officiating. Has two sons and two 
daughters. Lives two miles and a half west of Dako- 
ta City. 

WvcoFF Ensdekby was born in 1849, in Vanburen 
county, Iowa, and came to Dakota county in the win- 
ter of' 1869. Was married to Elizabeth Haunchild, 
December 11, 1870. at Dakota City, by Kelly W. 
Frazer. Has two sons. He is at present living in 
Homer. 

SETTLERS OF 1870. 

Van Harden came to Dakota county, January 14, 
1870. Married May 8. 1872 to Esther Slott. Has 
two daughters — Ada M. and Maud M. 

Patrick Hogan came to Dakota county, January, 
1870, and lives three miles west of Hubbard. Has 



284 WAKNEU'S HISTORY OF DAKOTA COUNTY. 

two sons — James and John; i'ouv daughters — 
Mrs. Julia Cerwiii. Mrs. Mary Deloiigiirey. Mrs. Anna 
Hy-du and Mrs. Fitzsimmon. 

Scott Duncan was born in 1841) in Pennsylvaiii.i 
and came to Dakota county March 11. 1870, settled m 
Dakota City where he has lived to the present time. 
Married to America McPherson in 1877. Has two 
children, both daughters. Rendered valuable assist- 
ance to the people in the great flood of 1S81. 

Seth Barnes came to Dakota county, M;irch 13. 
1870, and took a homestead between Wigle and Fid- 
dlers creeks. ]\[arried in 1868 to Mary E. Buckland. 
Have one step son, William Buckland. 

Oscar H. Lake was born September ll), 1841». 
and came to Dakota county, ]\Iarch 3, 1870. Took a 
homestead on Fiddlers creek. Was married to 
Meroah I. Oepburn in 1870. Has five sons and one 
daughter. Postofiice Homer. 

Mitchell Heath was born in Cobit. Yei-mont 
in 1807, and came to Covington. Nebraska, in 1870. 
wliere he died Marcli 29, twelve years later and was 
buried in the Dakota City cemetery. Was the father 
of Dr. C. P. Heath, Mrs. E. E. Parker, Mrs Do'v and 
Mrs. Ferrand 

James Knox was born May 1st, 1840, in Tyrone 
county, Ireland. Came to America, arriving in Dako- 
ta county, September yUi, 1870, and located on Elk 
creek valley, where he took a homestead, proved upon 
it, and has since resided there. Has been Justice of 
the Peace. Notary Public and postmaster at Elk Val- 
ley Postofiice. Was mari'ied in Ireland. Has eight 
children. 

Samuel Osman was born April 11, 1815, in 
Pennsylvania. Was married in his native state, Imt 
liis wife died; two sons survive her — Win. A. and H. 
H. Osu)an. Married a second time in the same state. 



SETTLERS OF 187(1. 285 

tu Elizji Lauihoin. Owin^- to the f;iiliii<.;' health of Mrs. 
< )siii;ui he sought the genial hiiul of Nebraska, laiulinu' 
ill Dakota county, April 1, 1870. Mrs. Osman was 
appointed postmaster at Covington May 10. 1876, :hi(] 
i-esignc(l September 20, 1S80. Moved \o Dakota City 
St'pteinber 1889, where Mr. Osnian died. 

Albert Lake was born Febriiai'y 22, 1845, in 
San ford, Vermont, and came to Dakota county, May 
1870. Settled on Wii^le creek, where lie has remained 
to the pi-esent time. Was married to Sophia L. Jones 
and has seven cliildren. 

Ma.i. S R. Cowles was born Octol)er 28, 1828 in 
llamsiiire county, Massachusetts. Married in 1840 to 
Elvira Johnson. Has one daughter. Enlisted in the 
Union army in 1862, and was commissioned by the 
Governor of New York as captain of company fj., 10th 
New York heavy artillery. Promoted to Major in 
1864. After the war caitie to Iowa and then to Dako- 
ta county, arriving here in May 1870. Located in 
Covington, where he was employed as engineei', pilot 
and captain of steamboats on the Missouri river. 
Postotfice, South Sioux City. 

O. D. Bates came to Dakota county, June 1, 
1870. and took a homestead on Fiddlers creek, in 
section 13, townsliip 27, range 7 Has four sons, and 
one step-son, Eugene Kraber. Was a union so'dier in 
the Rebellion. 

D. NiGGERMAN was 1)orn in (irermany, October 5 
1832. and arrived in Dakota county, June 18, 1870 
Married to Caroline Berger in 1871, and settled west 
<d" Dakota City where he now resides, on a good sub- 
stantial farm. 

F. Stolze was born September 26, 1830 in Ger- 
many. Married May 21, 1865 to Maria T^mbert. Has 
three sons, Hernuin. Cliarles and Henry. Came to Da- 
kota county. August 5, 1870. Postoliice addre.ss, 
Emerson. 



286 WABNEit's HISTORY OV DAKOTA COUNTY. 

Frank Aykks was born Febi-nary 5tb, 1832, in St. 
Cliarlefe county, Missouri. Went with his parents to 
Ft. Madison, Lee county. Iowa. His father was one of 
the oldest settlers and helped to build, the fort ai that 
place. Went to California and returned to Ft. Madi- 
son in 1859. In November, 1861, enlisted in Com- 
pany G, 4th Iowa cavalry and was mustered out of the; 
service in July, 1862. Was mari-ied to Harriet A. 
Elder, November, 18th, of the same year, at Ft. Mad- 
ison, Iowa. Has four children living, and one dead. 
Came to Dakota county, Septetnber 2nd, 1870. 'H'd lo- 
cated in Brush Bend, where he worked in his brother. 
Ebenezer's saw mill situated on the Island. He took a 
homestead in Brushy Bend. Helped to organize the 
Crittenden G. A. R. Post, No. 64, at Dakota City. 
Postoffice, Dakota City. 

Harvey' D. Nordyke came to Dakota county 
October 1, 1870, and located in Dakota City, where he 
has resided to the present time. Was married to 
Catharine Twamly, Deceml)er 4, 1878. Has two 
children, Helen and Mary B. 

Hon. Isaac Powers was born in Lenawee county, 
Michigan, and came to Dakota county, in 1870. where 
he practiced law. In 1875 was a member of the con- 
stitutional convention, was member of state Senate in 
in 1877, also in 1881; elected a member of the 
Board of Regents of the State University, and aftei- 
wards elected Attorney General for Nebraska. Is "at 
present living in Norfolk, Nebraska. 

John P. Smith was born October 9, 1820, in 
Pennsylvania, and came to Dakota county, October 6- 
1870. Took a homestead on Pigeon creek, where -lie 
lives at the present time, four miles west of Hoiner. 
Has seven children — four sons and three daui^hters. 

Frederick Bekrmann was born October 23, 184(5. 
in Germany, and came to Dakota county. October 18. 
1870. Married in 1872 to Anna H. Ambrecht. Has 



SKITLERS OF ISTl. 287 

three soi;fcCli;irlej, Fredei-ick and Erici-:: three 
(l;iuo;hters--Ida Etta and Lillie. Lives live miles west 
(.»f Dakota City. 

SKITTERS OF 1871. 

MicHAKL Fague came to Dakota, county, Marcli (J. 
1S71. Lives in Covincrton. Married a second time in 
i'n trier connty, Iowa. Has two cliihiren livini; and 
r.mr dead. 

Samuel Dkering was born in 1846 in Juniata 
county, Pennsylvania, and came to Dakota county 
AFirch 17, 1871. Took a homestead the same year, 
four miles bontli of Dakota City, now owned i.y A. J. 
Parker. The Lewis and Clarke expedition up the 
Missouri, camped seven days on this place. Was mar 
ried to Ilannali C. Aiigliey, in Pennsylvania, 1863. 
Has one daughter, Mrs. Belle Davidson. Theii- only 
son died. 

Henky Xiebuuk, Sr., came to Dakota county, in 
1869. and located in Dakota City two years later. His 
wife (lied in 1876, aiul he followed her to thy silent land 
January 4, 1884. He left three children, two s-iuis 
and one dauijhter. All married. Henry Jr. and George 
each married dauo^hters" of John Naffziger. The 
dauii^hter. Dora, is married to Ashly Londrosh. 

OsiAR B. Weustek was born March 26^ 1848, in 
liliuois. and came to Dakota countv, March 28, 1871. 
i't'itk a homestead on Fiddlers creek, where he has re- 
^ided to the present time. Was nuirried to E. A. 
uam.-ey, in 1869, anil has two children — one son and 
one danghtei'. 

William Walway was bcrn in 1844, in Ger- 
m-iny, and came to Dalc(»ta county, in the spring of 
1871. Was uuiri-ied the same year at Dakota City, to 
Henrietta Oetsmyer. Has five sous and two dauohters. 



288 Warner's history ok Dakota (;ountv. 

His Ijrother Frederick lived here five year?, ami died in 
Council Blntt's, wliere his four children live. 

Christopher Irwin began life in Dakoti county 
at Covington, April 14, 1871, where he resides at tiie 
j)resent time. Married in 186.2 to Amelia A. Dilley. 
Had one son who was accidently shot and killed near 
Covington. Has been Justice of the Peace fur Coving- 
tun precinct. 

John D. Mann was Ijorn in Scotland in 1838, 
and came to America A.ugust 20, 1854. Seeking a 
home in the "far west." he landed in Dakota county. 
;it Covington, May 2, 1871, whei'e he remained two 
years when he moved to Jackson and conducted the 
grist mill there until March 28, 1872. He tlien 
moved to Burt county, Nebraska, where he lias lived to 
tiie p'-esent time. Lived on a farm for a number of 
yeai-6 l)ut is now residing in Lyons. AVas uicii-j-ied to 
.vlary Sharp in 1856, in Ontario, Canada. Has six 
children living, Helen, wife of Walter Everett, Wm. 
A., Henry, Charles, George and Isabella Aiueiia. 
wife of Eugene Everett, died in Lyons in 1893 

Nicolas Maher was born in Irehmd. March 28, 
14'' 7, and came to Dakota county, May 5, 187L 
S< tried in Covington, where he resides at the present, 
engaged in the grocery business. Married in Sioux 
City, the same year, to Agnes O'Brien. Has three 
children living — two sons, VVm. B. and Loyola, an(i 
one daughter, Mary Agnes. Was elected Sheriff, served 
o\er eight years in that office. 

Anders Larson, was born in 1831, in Deinuai-k. 
and came to Dakota county, in May 1871. j'otdc a 
homestead thi'ee miles southeast of Homer, and one 
mile and a half south of Col. Warner's place. xAfter- 
wards sold his farm and mo^ed to Battle Creek, a ti-ib 
ntary to Omaha creek, so named by William Hols- 
worth, because two men Colter and Hartmeii once met 



SKTTLKKS OK IhTl. ~S'-I 

il.cre ill :i .^;;rgiiii)a) y contiict. ]Ii> .^tcji-^cni C'ui-l al.-o 
lives vu this stream just iioi'tli o\' liiin. 

1Ik/i<.ki,\ii "Way was boiii X(,\eiiiler '2.\K l^:i~ in 
Indiana. Was niai'i'ied in Cass eouiitv. Nelirar-iva. lo 
Sarah M. Davidson, and eanie to Jjakota eonnty -luin' 
17, 1871. (Jamped on the site of South Sioux Titv. 
Took a homestead on nortli I)i'ancli of Klk ereek, wheic 
lie lias since I'esided. Has nine chiUlren li\iii<^ iwo 
sons, Frank and Enmti J.; and seven daughters. Mrs. 
Elizabetli Linefelter, Mrs. Ann Ilerrick, Mrs. lletiie 
Sur1)er. Emma, Mary, Katie and Martiia. 

Julius MksskiNiioelkr was Ixirn Maieh ;U, lb;]'.), 
in West Khalia Province, Gernuiny. Came to Amer- 
ica and located in Dakota county, in 1871. Eugaijcd 
with A. T. llaase in the carpenter tiade. and tritd 
farming eight years. Sold Farm and went to contract- 
ing and building. Postoffice Dakota City. 

Henry Oetsmykr was born in Germany and cane lo 
Dakota county, July 4. 1871. Took a liomestcad i/ii 
Fiddlers f-reek. Now lives three miles r.oitli ot lie lut r. 
Mari'ied in 18(17, to Augusta Ijiinkmann. Has three- 
sons and four daughters liviuu'. One ehild died. 

John T. Spencer was bom in Crawford coiinly. 
Pennsylvania, June 24, 1844, on a faini. After leavini;- 
the common school he prepaied for collei:e at the Siaic 
^'ormal School, Edmboro, Pennsylvania, and gradiiateil 
at Alleoheney CoEege, Meadville, Pennsylvania. Juno 
t23, IS'lO. Was principal of the Union Schcol. at 
Sherman, New loik. one year, in the mtan time 
studying law. Came to Dakota county, Septemljcr P.). 
1871, and settled in Dakota City wlie:e he was ad- 
mitted to the bar that tall. Todk chaige of the Dakota 
City Mail in 1874 and tdittd tiiat jajer four ^eais. 
Jn 1874 was appoin1(d I'. S. Circuit Court Comllli^ 
sioner, which j)osition i)e still holds. In lb87 was ap- 
pointed a iiu mber of the P'oard of Education ot tlie 



290 waknek's msToin ofdakoia colniv. 

State 2s^ or mal Sell 00 1, which prjsitioii he also retain-. 
Became Superintendent of the Industrial sclmol --r ri c 
Winnebago Agency, where he remajntd two Yt;'i>. 
Assumed charge of the North Nebraska Eagli!. ;i> 
responsible editor, April 2, 1882. having pnirliaMM! 
one-half interest of the paper. Was ujai-ried Sejjreni- 
ber 13. 1871, to Miss Etta Mershou, a graduate of ili.- 
State Normal School, Ediuboro. Peunsyh'aiii:i, wlio h, d 
been principal of the Dakota City schools live vc'nis. 
They have seven children, thi-ee sons — .lames M. (rnig 
L. and John; four daughters — Helen E. Maiy, Malx 1 
Claire and Mildred J. 

John Orr was l»orn Decembei- 11. 1842. in 
Milton, Halton county, Canada. Came to the United. 
States and landed in Dakota county, in the fall of I'STl 
and so pleased was he with ''this o:arilen of IvleiT' that 
he permanently settled at Dakota City, two years later. 
where he has remained to the present tin)e, engaged in 
farming and stock business. Has a good farm norti - 
west of Dakota City and a meadow and hav land south 
of the same tow?i. Was mai-ried to Eva Harden. July 
18. 1881, by Kev. Joel A. Smith. 

John H. Campbell came to Dakota counry. No- 
vember 1S71, and took a liomestead wliei-e he im)V.- 
lives six miles southwest of Jackson. Married in l^.jS 
to Elizabeth Ann Colter. Has ten children — sevt-n 
sons and three daughters — all living in Dakota coniry 
but three. 

Dr. E. J. DkIjkll is a native of Crreen county. 
New York. In 186(5 he commenctd the stll(I^ ol' 
niedicine and graduated at the x\lbany. New VoiK. 
Medical College three years later. He then went to 
Illinois and came to Dakota county in 1871. whtie he 
was appointed as United States Physician at AVinne- 
bago Agency. Aftei-wards held the same j)osition at 
Pine Ridjre Apency, I). T. Moved to Dakota C\t\ in 




mi. E. J. dkhkll. 



SETTLERS OF 1872. 2l»3 

1879 and practiced medicine. Was married to Miss 
Nellie Warner, January 9, 1873. She died at Lyons 
NeUraska, Septeinber 8, 1892, leaving a husband . and 
three daughters, -Georgia. Florojice and Nellie. He is 
at pi-esent post trader at Rosebud Agency, South 
Dakota. 

John B. Rockwell was born in 1824 and came 
tVom Indiana to Dakota county, in 1871. Died at liis 
home in the southern part of the county, Septemi)er 
l'^, 1884, leaving a wife and six children to niourn his 
sudden departure to a purer and better laud. There 
are three sons — Richard D., Stephen and JeH'erson; 
three daughters — Mrs. John Welker, Mrs. All)ert 
I'etei'son and Mi's. Wni, Walters. 

William Brown was born December 27, 1828, 
in llarrisburg, Pennsylvania. J\loved to Juniata 
county, 1835. Served as brakenian on the first rail- 
road between Columbia and Philadelphia, and continu- 
ed in the railroad service for many years as fireman, 
conductor, etc. In 1871 came to Dakota county to 
look up a home. Settled on the bottom southeast of 
Dakota City where he resides at the present time. 
Was elected county cotninissioner in 1884 and re-elect- 
ed in 1887- Ilii^ six children living, Samuel A., Wesley, 
Mrs. Jacob Leamer, Mrs. Irvine Fisher, Frank P. and 
Harry. 

Franklik Dunnell came to Dakota county in 
the fall of 1871 and took a homestead on Omaha creek 
three miles south of Homer, afterwards settling on 
Fiddlers creek. He was married to Mary A Kimball 
in Massachusetts and they have four children, Mrs. 
.lennieS. Harrington, Mrs. Wm. A. Kimball, Geo. F. 
and l''i'edcrick L., and ;>ne adopted child Leslie Siici- 
man Churchill, 

SETTLERS OF 1872. 

I)k\ILL(> KxaiM' was born February 9, 181j, i:i 



294 Warner's histciry of Dakota county. 

J\tcHeiiry county, Illinois. Enlisted in Conipany i). 
15th Illinois Infanti-y, afterwards joined the 65tli 
Vol. Infantry. Taken a prisoner at Harpers Ferry and 
paroled the next day; exchanged for rebel soldier the 
following spring. Was shot in left leg, July U, 1803. 
which necessitated its amputation. Remained in hos- 
pital until close of the war. Married to Synthia How- 
ard in 1869, in Linn county. Wisconsin. Canie to 
Dakota county, April 4, 1872, and took a homestead 
on Fiddlers creek, where he lived live years, when he 
l»i-ought his family to Dakota City, whei-e he operated 
a wagon shop, etc. Has two children — Daniel and 
Stella PostotKce, Knoxville, Tennessee. 

Hiram Gray was born in Oanada, Decembei- 9. 
1849 rind came to Dakota county, April 9, 1872. Was 
mai-ried to Miss Fannie Ilazlegi'ove, and they have 
rliree children — Nellie. Harry and Charley. P. O. ad- 
dress Dakota City. 

OwKN MgIntyre was born in Ireland and came to 
America 1848. Settled in Dakota county May 25,1872. 
in Summit precinct. Was married to Elizabeth Nichols 
in Ireland. There are six children living and one dead. 
Three sons — John, Owen and James P.; three daught- 
ors--Mai'y Ann, Mrs. Cathaiine Heenan and Mrs. M. 
M. Beacom. 

Geo. C. Bille was born in Denmark. July 5, 
1858. Arrived in Dakota county in June, 1872. Mar- 
ried Anna C. Nelson Septeml)er''30. 1876. He then set- 
tled on the farm where lie still resides. Has two sons 
and five daughters — Alice, Matilda, Julia, Mary, Elsie. 
Max and John. Two daughters died with diphtheria. 
Mr. Bille has one of the best improved farms in what 
is called the hills on Wigle creek. Has a large house, 
built of stone which he quarried and did all of his own 
MiMsonry work. Has a tine barn by his own labor. 

Mn HAKr, MrrcMKLi, came to Dakota county June 



'■K 187:.. ;•;!(! ton'c ;j, li():ii'.'.>Leii;l I'onr miie.-^ ^(_)lllllu■(^-^ 
..M* j';i('l<S()ii . \V:is i!i;Ui'i(;(l ;i t^ecoiid lime to Mi\r\ 
l^'plTrTJ- V. Has fowl- sons xii'l ()i;f daiijilitc:'. 

Jo:!N II. Pki :-::■■!■ (Mino to Dakot;, county, July 1, 
1S7:2. :u:'.l tool< ;l hoiiic.s'e;^! on Wi^^le creek , 'w lit; re lie 
<lieil. Iciivino ft'iir sons — ,;oli;i Henry. Alljci't, initlier 
!■:. ;;n(l i-"r;ink; tliree <!;;ngiiter.- , Mrs. 8eili l;:irnes. 
Ahv. Ailiert Lake a-d Mr.. J . .1. Spooner. 

l-"i;.\Ni; Davkv wms hojni .June'), fool, in Miiwnin 
kcc, \Visconsin. Uauie to Daicot i countv. -Inly IN. 
1612. Married to ]\[ary nari'y. NovcnnU^n-' VI. '\^1^. 
Has two son- arid two d ;r:.;'!i:er.-.. One child. dic(K H'e 
is k--'ei)ii:o- a store in ._hic!'C~on, an.'d was elec^ed Ircar-urer 
of Dakoia countv, r<o\-ee,; i)er 7, l^-'oo. 

KoinoiiT C'A^[r];!-::.r> -A'as Imrn -laniM!-\- 2. 1818, in 
Sr.)tland. and can)e to America \'.-i;!i ids j)aienr>, set- 
tliin'- on tlie i'eil KivLM- of riie North. Went to illi 
nois aird cann.' V> l.).d:ora count',- in 1^72. Seiected tlie 
j)hice wliere he has i-esided to ;. nt rime, four 

udles soutji of linhh:inlon Pi;, . . . i.. wdiicii is a 
neat coinforiahle honie. lias heiiJ a, niimb'jr u[ ofdces 
in the county, sneli as c 'roner. as,'es■^ol■, ju:-tice ok liie 
j)eace, elc. Was niaiaied Hdy 1. 1847, i" ■'" Davies.-^. 
Illiiiui.^, to ^^nerva. Vv. Crai^-. wiiose mother was the 
o-reat-ixrand-danolitcr ok Haidel Poone. 'idiey have ten 
idiihh'en. live si-ns ■ [^ohcrt Arilinr, dames A.. AVm. 
A.. Daviii A. and hhmitd Hoone; Hn<i ilve <iauuhters-- 
:\frs Wm. H. (dnnnnan, Mrs. Wash !.,-edo;n. Mrs. A. 
d. i)-v:-. Mrs. Sol.nm.n DeBonIo ; '::-.. Frank 



ilAUinso.x S vyi-K (M-o-sed li:e riser ;iL Covdnoton. 
Bc})temii<'r '2iK ]S7'2. Took a. homestead ill Di.xon 
c.onniy, aiuj se'.tk^i in DalvOta county si.xieen yt-'ars hi- 
ter. 'Poslwii'.e. Hakoni, riry. Has" live son^ 'and two 
di.iu<,>iit:'r.^. ]-hiiisted in c(mii)anY (h 18;li, "Wisconsin 
jid'anri-y, in fakl ol 18o2, and sei'vcd to liie ch:je (d' war. 

JH;>;kv Loo.mi>^ was hoini July 20, 18o6. in Oswei^f) 



'2U(» WaKMOkV llis'l'di;^- UKDAKO'IA CorNTV. 

cniuit}', ?Ve\v -lei'seA-. Aluvrd i,. Iliiiiois \vli"re he was 
mari'ied to Siisnii AI. Sraiifoi-d, April 7, 1S56- Caiiu' 
to Dakota <-oiii,tY. Sc])teiiil)ei- 81, 1872. and took ;; 
lioniesri'ud on Piy-eon ci'eek. Afterwai'ds ipoved to 
lionicr. Has held the oliice of conin^v romniissioiier. 
justice of the peace. road >u[)ervisor and town trustee fer 
'llonier. Was a, Tniou soldier in the Kehellion. Has 
two sons — Euijene II. and llirani Leoiiaid; three' 
danj^hrers — Mns. Martha Pric.r. Sadie J. a;;d Pho^l)ia 
Etta. 

Patriciv IIeknkv came to Dakota eonnry in 1872 
IJas two cri'owii sons and one danoliter— Mrs. Joiin 
Mclntyi-e. James lieeney eidot soii. lives in Emer- 
son pi'ecl'ict and has six childi'en. Fi-;!iik lieeney- 
second son. preceded the family to tlie county one year 
and he has foni- sons and one dangditei'. Lives in 
[Ichhard precinct. 

John Welker was hoi-n April 12, 1840. in Butler 
county, Pennsylvania. Came to Dakota county, Oc- 
tober 26,1872, and settled on Fiddler^ cr( ek where lie has 
resided to the present time. \\^is luanied Api-il 7, 
1864 to Mary Jane Rockwell. Has one child. Mrs.Eu- 
Lfene Tl. Loo mis. 

SETTLERS OF 1873. 

RicHAKi) SnoKTLKv cauic to D;d\ota counlv, Feh- 
rnary 7, 1873 and settled in J^akota City. Was a na- 
tive of Canada. Has four children — one son and three 
daughters. 

losEPH C'l.KMENTs was liom in Milton, Ca"ada. 
February 12. 1.S44. and came to Dakota county. Mandi 
30,1873. Located on a farm we.-^t of Dakota City. 
Was mari'ied to Lavina Oi-r in Canada, -lanuai-y 29. 
1873. lias one son— (duiides. Is at jji'esent employ- 
ed at Rosebud Agency, South D;d<ota. 

James Harris came to Dakota county ti'om EnglaiKL 



SKTTLKKS OF IS't'-K 297 

laiulino- ill LJoiiRT. May 1, 1878. iri^i'iii" tJie last cent 
lit' had for crossiiio the I'iver. Lives two miles south- 
east of Homer. Married in 186',> to Jane Bar<j;ery. Has 
live sons and one daughter. 

Geouge Lakskn was born in Denu)ark, June 1. 
1854 and came to Dakota county. June 1, 1873. Mar- 
ried at Dakota. City. Auo'ist 1. 1879 to Sotie Christen- 
son. Has two Sons — lohiiC. and George P>.; foui- 
<laiiiihters— Mary, dnlia, Kmma und Gertie. i\)stoffice 
lloiucr. His tatiier and iiioiiicr ai'iived in the county 
NovL'iiiher lo. 1^74. ihe hitter died .V[)i'il 29. 1882- 

Albeet Nash was l)orn March 9. 184 9. at St. 
Lonis, Missouri, and cmie to Dakota county, S.pteni- 
l)er 19, 1878. Opened up a trading post with the 
Indians in IJlyhui'g. and afterwards moved to Homer, 
where he enteied the nitrcantile llU^iMe^^. Was aj)- 
pointed postmaster in 1881- Ha.- seven ehihiren - 
three sous and four daughters 

fJouN \\ . .McKi^'XKY was l)i>rn in ('olund)ia, Han- 
over county. ()\\\(K Man-ied in Indiana to Elizabeth 
Fi-eenum. Has tweUe sons and daughrei's, those liv- 
ing are IJyi'am. Luther, Libbey, John,Zetta, Ada. Ltu- 
etta and Hattie. Tho.-e dead are Mary. Robert, Walhice 
and ('hirry. He came to Dakota county on the 9th 
day ol Septend)cr 1878 and setth-^d on Walkers Ishind 
wliere he now lesides. His j)ostoflice a<idress is South 
Si(ni.\ C'ity. His wife died about nine- years ago. 

Pkok. a. W. SchmIED was born in Pi-ague, Prov- 
jiu-eof Pohenua. .A iisti'ia. ,1 anuary 2(5, 1820. and came to 
Amei-ica in ISoo wiih \n> wife an<! three children. 
.Si'ttled in IJaltimoiv. Maryhmd. and afterwards lived 
in Lancasiei' Citw l\nn>vlvania. where his wife <lied. 
\Vas married a .-econd time in 18()-"J to Mi's. Hart, 
mother (d' Atlee ILirt. Located in Sioux ("ity. Iowa, 
in 1871 and moved to Dakota City two years later 
where he resided until his death, 'August ■'24-. 1884. 
Had one son by his second wife, Melford A. Schmied. 



•J.\'^ WARNKIv S i;;: i:ii;V VF DAKOTA COL'NTY. 

• loiiN BAroors cuiiic to Dakotn eoniitj. Xoveinbci' 
■JO, 1S73 ar.d worked in Paniie!-cr''s saw mil! in Oniadi 
pi'eciiic't. Married to Miss Anna P)li\-cn in 1875. 
Has I'oni- !-oi)S — John W., C'har'e.-; G , Harold B. Jiiid 
Biclia.rd JI.; one <lauixliter--E!sie. Liveb thi'ee miles 
northeast of Homer. 

JojiN I{o(;ak is a I'arniei- on Elk creek, and came 
to fh.e eoimty, Decen.her lN73. Postofiice Elk \'ailey, 

\V:>r. FoLTz was horn iii 1844, _ in Juniata eor.nty' 
!'enn^yl\-a,nia, and came to Dakota county, Marcli 27* 
1874. Located at Dakota City wiiei'c! he has resided 
to the present time. Is a earpente)'. ]\[arried to 
Alary E. Deering in iS(w. Has seven cliildi'en -four 
.-■ons and three (langhtei'S. Eri listed in comp/iny E. 
nth Pennsylvania Regiment, Septtmiher 11), 18()4." and 
"Marrhed with (lenei-a! Sliei-man to tlie Si'M." 

SETTLERS FROM 1874 TO 1880. 

Tiio:\!As MiT(M!i-i.i. came to Dakota, county, in 
1874 and lived in the westei-n pni-t of t!ic county. ^Vas 
married to ]]rii>'et Powers in l8Si. Has one S(in and 
thi'ce dauuhtei's. 

An!)i;i:w I'onn:? came to Dak-ota county .\pril, 
1874. Afterwards was engineer on sevei-al steamboats 
and eiioineei-ed the Silvei- Lake np the i\nssouri with 
supplies in tiie (his;er Indian \var. M.'viried to Liohie 
Don, ill 1.^73; t'ley have t!ii-ee (vi Jiilrea, tuo ^ons ai.id 
(»ne daui^hter. 

Au(;i:sT AM) ]'hn:ni:R'.(K Wii.KTiXS came to Dakota 
county, A jn-il 4-, 1874. Augu-t was married in 1883- 
Has 1i\e (diildi-en. Idves two miles and a liaM' mM'tii- 
we^t of iL)mei-. l'he'lei'i(d< was m irried In LS84 'o 
f.izzie I.-enberge. Has foin- children and lives Ibnr 
niiies west of ILueer. 

EijJAU Ham^lo.m) was horn '\\\ 1823, in New Yoik 



>KTTLKRS OP^ 187o. 299 

and came to Dakota county, in 1874. He died in Da- 
kota t'ity. January 24, 1882, leaving a wife and five 
children to mourn his departure to the realms of the 
l)!e>t, four of wlioni are now living-— Almond, Rhoda. 
Edward and j^ettie. Mrs. Hammond was married a 
second time in 1884 to N, H. Barto, an old s^ettler cf 
Di.\o!i county. 

i^NDREAS p. BiLLE was horu in (3openhagen, Den- 
mark, lV[arch "ZQ, 1814. Was married to Anna Jor- 
gensen and arrived in Dakota county in the fall of 
1874. Died in the spi'ing of 1877- Had four children. 
one daughter--- ^^al•ie, wife of John Johnson; three 
sons---(ieorge, Henrv and Jofin, all livino in this 
county. 

William Hogax came to Dakota county, ]\larch 
1, 1875, and lives three miles west of Hul)bard. Has 
one son---James, and two daughters — Kaiie and Mary. 

TnoMAS IIooAN settled in Dakota county, March 
I. 1875 and lives two miles west of Hubbard. Has 

I 'lie son ;;iid four dauuhters. 

PiO'nou .!ou;>.\K came tu Nebraska in 1870 and set- 
tied in Dakota county, dune 9, 1875 in the "Big Tim- 
ber,'' eight miles noi-th of Jackson. Has six sons and 
ibur (huighters. Their eldest daughter is married to 
Fr.incis Snydei'. 

H. D. RoGints was born in Girard, I^ennsylvania, 
member 17, 1882. Was married in Kdinborough, 
[""ennsylvania, to Miss JLlizibeth Graces, April 25, 
18()I. Had two Mins and three dangiiter6--Win G., 
AVintiM- S., Marion, Kli/cabeth and Ilairiet S. His wife, 
one t^on and one daughter are dead. Moved to Dakota 
counry. August 15, 1^75, and practiced law, at Dakota 
City. Aioxefl to Ponca. Dixon county in 1888, whicii 
is Ids present address. 

Jonx Hagk!! came to Dakota county May ;5, 1,S76, 
1 serried in Dakota City wliei'e he now resides. Mar- 



800 Warner's history of Dakota county. 

ried October 22, 1864, to Sarah Howard. Has two son.'^ 
— John and Jacob; three daughters — llosa, Anna and 
Josephine. 

Thomas McKkever was born in Irehmd and came 
to Dakota county March 20, 1877. Bought a fai-ni nine 
miles west of Jackson where he now rec-ides. Mnrried 
to Ann Cu-ff. Has one son, Hugh. P. O. Elk A^alley. 

James Flynn came to Dakota county April 1, 1877. 
Was married to Mari' J. llyan in 1886. Has one son. 
Is pi'oprietor of a meat market at Jackson. 

Edward Easton came to Dakota) county Jui>e 14. 

1877, and settled in Dakota City where he has since le- 
sided. Was mari-ied to Fanny lieam June 5, 1882, He 
has two sons and one daughter. 

Patrick Casey was born August 8, 1849, in Ot- 
tawa, Canada, and came to Dakota county in 1877, lo- 
cating on a tract of land near the Missouri i-iver. in 
yummit precinct, eight miles north of Jackson, wiiere 
he has since res^ided. \V;is married to Catliaiine Hod- 
gins October 10, 1877, has tive children. Served three 
years as county commissionei\ 

Andrew J. Parker was born in 1834, in Thomp- 
son county. New York. Was married to Maggie Wi;- 
cox in 1863, and came to Dakota county February 28, 

1878. Kow owns the old Samuel Deering phiee lour 
u)iles south of Dakota City, whei-e he is at pvesent liv- 
ing. It was under some lai-ge cottonwood ti'ees on thit- 
land that Lewis & (Marke held a council with the In- 
dians August IS and 11), 1804. Has tive eliiUlren — 
three sons and two daughters. Tliree childien are dead. 

Joseph li. Kklsey was l)orn October 6. 1851, in 
Toledo, Ohio, and came to Dakota eounty Mai'di 6. 
1878. Opened up a farm on Omaha creek, four miles- 
south of lIomer,wliere healso estal)li^hed the first t^heep. 
l-auch in Dakota county. Was married to Mary B. Henry; 



^Ii■rLK.c:^ (M-- 1S7N. 



801 



.-.r Winuel.aoo A^cimy. May 28, 1882. Was appointed 
posnnaster at IIomkm-' April 8. 1889. 

Louis AM) Jami;s liLANCHARi). two brotliei's cunie 
to Dakota county, March G, 1878. James was nuirried 
!o Iverzell Wamsley in 1883---lias two sons. Samuel 
Mild Joliu. Louis was married to Anna Sierk — has two 
<hiuo-liters, .Jennie and Flora. 

Mrs. Elizabeth C. Owens came to Dakota 
<-onntj. March 17, 1878. Her iiusband died April 6. 
1871) in Sioux City, Iowa, leaving one son, Rnssell, and 
•sex-eii daughters, Mrs. Marv Norris,. Mrs. Hannah M. 
Cone, Mrs. (Jlive J. Linkswiler, Mrs. Martha Twainley, 
Mrs. ilattie M. Paulson, Louisa E. and Tina I. Lives 
■on a farn) two miles and a halt' north of Homer. 

I). W. HocH came to Dakota county, April 4, 
1878. Man-ied to lz<Mia McFarland the same year. 
Has three sons and one daughter. Postoffice Homer. 

George Peterson came to Dakota county, July 
15.1878. Married in 1870. Has eight children liv- 
:ing Bought the old Isaac Monroe place south of 
Homer. 

Geo. H- Cook ^vas horn in Denmark on the 10th 
•of Septemliei-, 1849. Came to Dakota county on the 
loth day of July 1878. Mar-ried to Mary Olson on 
the 29th day of Octolx^'. 1881. Has two sons and 
two daughters, Creorge, Clarence, Elizabeth and Isa- 
hella. His postoffice address is Emerson. 

Ethel Woodard with his wife and thi-ee child- 
ren came to Dakota county, August 15, 1878- Lives 
ill Dakota Cit_v Carried the mail between Dakota 
City and the Winnebago Agency, two years. 

Pi/rKii Cakxkv was It.>rn in Ii'eland and settled in 
St. Johns precinct one and a half iiiiles north of Jack- 
son in 1878. Mai-ricd in 1858 to Catharine Cain, sis- 
;ter <d' Michael Cain of iliihhard, and has six children^ 



:i02 



(•(<r.\rv. 



four sons. J^osepli P., Pcler F., lie 
cliuel; two clauglitei's, i\l!'5. Jolm I.k'ncoiu iuid },I:>j-v. 

J. B.' EKKYcanieto Port couiii v, Xehraska. in IsTT 
Mild settled in Dakota CDUiity, tiie following veaj-. where 
lie foil jwed the inilliiiw buf-iness. Was iiiariie<! in 
iS()(J. Has one son and two daugliter.--. I'o.^tdtlice. 
Lester, Iowa. 

Samuel Rymill was boi'uin Knoiand ;ind c'line 
to Dakota connty, November 1, IbTU. iMarricd t«> 
Miwj E. Atkins'oj-' Ohio. Has two sons and four 
daughters. Li\'es on ;-i farm foni- miles ;nid a iialf 
sonth-east of Jloinei-. 

John Mannincj eanie to Dakota eonni\-, Fehrnary 
PJ, 1880. ;ind settled on V/alkerV Island nortin-ast o'f 
Dakota City, wiiere lie now i-esides. Has three sons 
and tliree dano'litei's. Emisled in coin[);iny I'P 88th 
Indiana Infantry, and ser\'ed three years. 

Dr. D. C. STI^■K0^• cmne to Dai<o;a county fi'oni 
Ohio, June -L 18S('). AVas niarrieci to Liz;c;e Moon in 
Kansas Oeioher 1-i-, 1S75. Has thi'ee ehi!dre:i li\-in<4- 
and one dead. Ojiened dj) a drw^ store ;it Dakota 
(htv. GraduMte.i at K'okuk. lowM, Me.lical Codege. 
Jnm; 1(), 1874. 

Gus A. I:-t\;;ui:.. was hi)r<i in (-Jernniny April P. 
1867 inid eanie to Dakota eoiinly, .lime 15. 1880- 
k'ai'nier in . Ein(Uvou precinct. Married to Jennie 
Pectehe at Dakota City Febrna.ry 12, 181)0. 

Jaimks P>. S^rrni was !'orn June 8, P8-i-7, and set- 
tled in Di.\(»ii connty, Nehrat-ka. in 18G8 Oaine to 
Phikota connty in PSbO. .Married in 1867. to ISasar. J. 
Holtnes and ha- live sons — George, William, Purt. 
Chett and Jo;d;ili ; rhree danolirer.-^ iPs. A!i-ert Ar- 
nold. Minnie and Plamehe P. O. Jackson. 

TerkenCE CulKIJS^ came to D.-dcot-. county Aumist 
lo. 1880, engaged in Ulacksmitliing a.t Ja.d<>(»n. .Ahir- 



OTIIIOK SK'n.KK.-. 



ao:? 



nvA a sf<-.)ii(] tiiiM- 111 IS^O t.. Ami Dillon. lias thrt'i- 

son?. iU!<l tlllH'e (lllllnlltt'lS. 

I'iCN.iAMiN !•'. ISawvki: came to Dakota coiiiit' . 
August 21, 1880. and settled in Jackson. Married to 
ICatie Boler. June 5. 18S2. Has two adopted children. 
Was Deputy SlieriiT tliree years and ('ouiity Coroner 
two years. Engaged in the livery business and is pro- 
])rietor of an uiulertakers estahlishiuent. 

AVii.i.iAM KKNMiiKK settled Iti Dakota county. 
.\oveinl>er 1, 1S8(>, on a farm six miles north of Jack- 
son. Married in 1852, in Fi-anklin county, Pennsyl- 
vania to Mary Weaver. Has three sons -AVilliam W,. 
Simon K. and Henry; three daughters -Mr*. Alice 
M. Bowles. Hattie and Emma C. 

OTHER SETTLERS. 

W. K. KiNKKAD and wife. April 1881; Post 
ofHce Dakota City. Has four sons and three daugliters. 
Enlisted in company ¥. 12th Michigan Yeteran V'ol. 
Infantry. 

D. W. Wakefield came from Indiana county. 
Pennsylvania, to Dakota county, March 14, 1881. 
Married to Blanche Smith, in 1880. Has four ciiil- 
dren living. Two children are dead. 

William Warnock was born March 12. 1844, and 
settled in Dakota county, November 1. 1871, where he 
toek a homestead, which lie sold, and moved to Emer- 
son in 1881, building the first residence in that town. 
When our flag was fired upon by rebel hands he en- 
listed in company I. 126th Hlinois Volunteer Infantry 
and served three years. Married to Zilpha Brown. 
September 20, 1866, in Rock Island county, Illinois. 
Has one daughter, Mrs. Mattie Falep. 

T. J. Clakk landed upon Dakota county soil, 
March 14, 1882. Was married to Katie Ryan. August. 



■'O-J- WAKNKU'S lIlt^TOUV OF DAKOTA COUNTV. I 

I 

l^So. and li;is two daiiglitei-s. ICeeps a geiiei'al stole ! 
ill Jacl<son. j 

Mr. and Mi!S. Capt. William LuxiuiK settled in r 
( "oviiigtoH eoniing from Arkansas. Mr. Lntlier ai 
• >nce took gi-eat intt'i't'st in river niuttt'i's as that \\a> 
liis calling. The people learned to' rely on him i'oi- 

services and information in everything jieitaining to ' 
navigation at that point, lie also I'endered valuahle 

assistan'-e oii the pontoon bridges which have been [ 

constrncted across the river tliei'e. On the "^Sid ol | 

July, IS^S he and Ebenezer Ayies were granted a j 
franchise to.i'nn the fei-ry i)oat nntil April 1, 18U1. Jii 

1893 he constructed a pleasure steamer on (hystal , 

lake, which furnished much pleasui-e foi- the people at { 

the Old Settler meeiing of that year: ■ Mrs. Lnther | 

kept the Merchant ]u)tel in South Sioux City two i 

years. Tiiey havt' foiir children. Marshall, Harry, Mrs. ' 
Roofers an(J Mi's. Bennett. 

I 

A. P. l)Acn was lioi'ii iii 183o, in Ge)-many, and - 

came to Dakota county. May HO. 1882. Settled on ' 
Fiddlei-s creek. Married to Olive 15ailey in Wiscon j 
sin. Has one adopted child. Postotiice. Hubbard. j 

Michael I>. Smith and\vire, April 8, 1882. Post- 
office Dak()ta City. Has eleven cl'iildreii. 1i\e living in 
Dakota county and six in Pennsylvania. 

Newton- L. Ckipi'in and wife; fall of 1882. Post ! 
office Hofner. His wife died February 15, 18*J(), leav- \ 
iiig three children, two children having preceeded her [ 
to eternal rest. He was afterwards niarried to Niln 
Wi Ison, in Homer. 

Mecune Thorn came, to Dakota county, Xo- 
veinber 22, 1882. Settled in Homer, wdiere he noN\ ' 
resides. Has one son Ira Z. and three dar.ghtei's. 
Mrs. Alzada MclMitarlfer, kora and Pizzie. ' , Tw^ 
cliildren have died. ... ' 

George A-. Knafp vy'HS born in Illinois and 1, 





CAPT. WILLIAM LUTHER 



^•' 




MRS. CAPT. WILLIAM LUTHER. 



caiiK' to Diik-Dta cuuiitv, February lo. 1883. Mairitd 
t(t \(\n K. Klliott. Is at present engaged in the whole- 
sale eonunissiiin business, Sioux City, Iowa. 

Levi Fkancisco aiid wife came to Dakota county. 
Jauiiary 1884. Has two sons — \Villiani and Heniy: 
two dauirhters (Mara and Blanche. I'osroffice. Jackson 

Andrew Hakkigfeld came to Dakota county, 
March 3, 1884. and settled 6n a farm two miles east of 
Emerson. Mas tliree sons, Ernest, Chris and Geoi-ge. 

Samukl a. S'i'ixsox came to Dakota county, in the 
spi-ino; of 1884, and was mari'ied to Josephine Gl-ibble 
in 188(). . Mas two sons Joiiii W. and Henry Cruy. 
Postoffice, Dakota City. 

John S. Doran came to Dakota county, April 115. 
1884, and settled three and a half miles noi'tlieast of 
Emerson. Has a wife, two sons and one dangliter. 

Joshua Leonard was born iVovembei- 15, 1888. 
in New, York and settled in Emerson May '25, 1884. 
where he established the Emerson Era. He has since 
lived in that town. 

. Benone MpKiJsiLEY came to Dakota county. May 
25, 1884, and settled in Homer. Married to Bertha 
Kinnear 1878. Has four sons and two daughters. 

William A. Francisco and wife,with one dangli- 
ter settled five miles south of Hubbard in Octol)ei'. 

1884. 

A. >rnERV Bates settled in Blyburg in 1884. although 
he had visited the county in 1857. Has five children 
livino-. 

JosEPn 11. McAfee came to Dakota coimty March 
11, 1885^ and settled on Elk creek. Married to 'Anini 
Stiiison. Served three years in tlic l()th Ohioi\^ol. 
Infantry. Has eight children. 

D. L. Ai-.i.ET^ \va> born January 21, I860, in LXew 



oiiii:i: sKTii.Kiis. 310 

Yci'k. and anivtd in Dakota county July 28, 1885. 
Jloiijrlit tlie old Sam Sliiill homestead, one mile north 
of Homer. 

Samuel Shaffek arrived in Dakota conntv in 

1885. P. O. Homer. 

Eli Francisco came to Dakota comity Novemher 
-2, 1885. Was married in 1876 to Frances Lesley. Has 
two sons. Lives five miles north of Jackson. 

Jacob Iler and wife arrived in the county Fehru- 
ary 20, 1886. P. O. Dakota City. Came from La- 
LTrange county, Ireland. Has one child living. 

W. M. Wilson and wife, six children — three sons 
and three daughters, arrived in Dakota county April 3. 

1886, and settled on Omaha creek'. 

Michael P. Doran and wife, two sons and one 
daughter, settled one mile north of Emerson in 1886. 

John Jordan and wife arrived in Dakota county 
April 20, 1888, farmer. P. O. Emerson, lias four sons 
and four daughters. 

H. A. McCoKMiuK was born May 22, 1863, in Linn 
county, Iowa. Came to Dakota county May 1, 1888, 
and located in Dakota City, where he took charge of 
the Argus. Moved to South Sioux City in January, 
1891. Was married to Lina J. Flint January 14, 1884. 
Has two children, Ralph Edwin and Frances. Two 
cliildren have died. 

Geo UGE Henry came to Dakota county in July. 
1888, and edited the Homer Herald. Married to Hattie 
E. Robinson June 5, 1887. 

Michael Hakty was born in Ireland and came to 
America in 1853. Settled on a homestead in St. John? 
precinct where he resided until his death July 16, 1883. 

William Clapp was born in Connecticut, June 5, 
1842, and arrived in Dakota county May 1, 1866. Mar- 



OTIIKR SETTLERS. 311 

lied at Dakota City, September 15, 1877, to Annie M. 
Sluive. Has one son and two dangliters, David, Mary 
and Mabel. Settled on a farm on Omaha creek sonth 
nf IJouier where lie lives at the present time. He ha- 
a line farm and pleasant home. It seems but a short 
time since he settled on this tract of wild land and be- 
wail to improve it. The change wrought there l)y \\\> 
^kill and energy is. indeed, marvelous. 

William Hogan was born in the cunnty of Tip- 
perary, Ireland, in 1803, and came to America in 1848. 
Settled in Dakota county in 1856. Died at his borne in 
Jackson, September 11, 1880. 

John II. Macn was born in New Castle, Limerick 
<'ounty, Ii-eland, in 1811), and received a good education 
in his native counti-y. Came to America and settled in 
]\[iami county, Ohio. Enlisted in the Union Army, in 
■-iiid Nebraska Regiment, and was promoted to Lieuten 
ant of his company. Came to Dakota county in eaidy 
times. Was a true friend of his native Ireland, and 
aided bei- people by iiis voice, pen and purse, lie held 
a nnmber of offices in the county, such as County Sni-- 
veyor,- Superintendent of Public Instruction, etc. Died 
at his residence in St. Johns precinct, April 29, 1887. 
The funeral services were held at the Catholic cliurcli 
in Jackson, Rev. Father Lysaght officiating. 

TnoMAS LoN(;, Sr., was boi-n in Ivilkenny, Ireland, 
in 1830. Married his first wife in Ireland, who boi-e 
liini live children, and died March 15, 1872. Was iMar- 
ried again in 1874. Died at his home in Hubbard. 
April 13, 188a 



CHAPTER XVIII 



Pioneers and Old Settleks Association of Dak< 
County, Nebraska. 



From time to time there was talk of organizing aii 
old' settlers assoeiation, but no action was taken in tiie 
matter until 1882, when the following call for a meet- 
ing appeared in the county newspapers: 

FIRST CALL. 

Dakota City, Xeb., August, 1882. 
At the suggestion of several of the pioneers set- 
tlers of Dakota county theie will be a meeting at 
Homer on Saturday the 26th of the present month at 
2 o'clock p. m. to effect an organization for this county 
and appoint a time and place for our first regular 
meeting. We will be glad if all those interesred in 
this organization will make it convenient to meet with 



us. 



GeORCJK T. Wt)01)S. 
FIRST MEETING. 

At the meetiriij: held in Homer on the 26th of 



PIONEERi* AND OLD SIOrTI.KRS ASSOUIATIOX. 313 

Ai!L:nst 1SS2. pnrsnant to cnll lieretofor.^ made, tlie 
j)io;ieers and old settlers asseml)led and effected a tein- 
t)i)rarv oi-ganization liy selecting (reo. T. Woods, chair- 
man; M. M. Wanici-, secretary, and ao;ree(i to organize 
;i pei'inarient association for Dakota county. 

It was agreed to hold the Jirst annual reunion on 
Saturday the ~;ird day of Steptember at Baird's grove. 
A committee of the following named gentlemen were 
iippointed to draft a constitution and by-laws Tor the 
a-soci;itinn to report at the annual meeting: Joseph 
Jlolhiian, -T. F. Warner, Danniel Duggan, Joseph 
l?rannan and E. B. Wilhur. 

A committee of arrangements was then appointed 
to make all needful preparations for the reunion as 
follows: ■ From Omadi precinct — J. W. Davis. Thos. 
A^hford. Wm. Xi.Nou; Dakota -J. O. Fisher, John 
Joyce, K. W. Frazer; Covington — Wm. Frazier. 
James McKenna. P AEonahan; Jackson — Gerald Dil- 
lon, P. O'Neill, P. Barry; Summit - Michael Mc- 
Kivergan, P. Twohig, John Dennison; Pigeon Creek 
— Tim Carrahine, Wm. Minter, Wm. Farrel; Hub 
iiard — John Howard, John Hartiiett, James Lehey. 

It wa^ aii;reed that all who came into the county 
prior to December 31st, 1860, shall be denominated as 
pioneers and all who came after that date and prior to 
Dt'.cember 3 1st, 1868 be denominated as old settlers. 
The committee of arrangements is requested to meet at 
the Court House in Dakota City on Saturday, Septem- 
ber. l)th 1882, at 1 p. m. for theptirpose of making the 
necessary arrangements for the reunion. 

M. M. Waunkr, Secretary. 

SECOND ISlKKTIN(i. 

The committee of arranjreinents appointed by the 
Homer meeting, met at the Court House in Dakota 
(yity. at 1 p. m. Saturday. September 9th, 1882, pur- 
suant to notice. Gerald Dillon was elected chairman, 
■■u\(\ by re(juest John T. Spencer acted as secretary. 



314: Warner's history of Dakota county. 

Col. I]. Baird was selected to act as iiiarslml. and Tim 
( )'('oiiiior, James Twohig, Henry O'Neil and E. I^>. 
Wilbur assistant marshals. L. M. Warner. Dnt Lane. 
Daniel ()'Connor and Tom McMalum were appointed 
a committee on grounds, music, dancing, etc. 

The following programme was provided snbject^to 
clianges hereafter if necessary: 

Calling meeting to order by the president — Geo. T 
Woods. 

Prayer by Chaplain. 

Itepo)'t of committee on constitution and by-laws. 

P^lection of ofticers. 

Introductoi'y remai-ks by Gen. Joseph 1 loll man. 

A fifteen minntes speech by Col. Jesse F. Warner. 

Excercises to be interspersed with music. 

Every )nan, woman and child in the county is 
especially invited to be present and bring along baskets 
of provisions for self and visiting friends. The com- 
mittee hopes there will be a very large gatheriiig at 
this, the first reunion of the old settlers of Dakota 
county. The place selected is Col. I^aird's grove The 
exei'cises are to commence promptly at 10 o'clock. 
Geram) Dillon, of Jackson, Clniirman. 
John T. Spencer, of Dakota Citv, See. pi-o tern. 



FIRST ANNUAL REUNION. 



Saturday, September 23rd, 1882, was the time and 
Baird's grove the place — in the southwestern part (d" 
the county, for holding the first annn;d ivunion of tlie 
pioneers and old settU'r.s (>r<;aniz.a. ion of Dakota coun- 
ty. Fi'om early morn until nearly noon tlie roads 
I'loni all directions U-ading to rlie litautil'ul grove was 
thi-onged with teams. |n;iil(Ml down with happy people 
going for a day's eIljo^ iiieiit, until good judj^es esti- 



TIOMOIlK^ and 0LI> SKTTr.Ki;S ASSOCIATION. olo 

iii:;Iim1 the ci-owd ;it 2,000 people. The grounds had 
liec!rc:iret'nl!y cleared ofJ' for the occafiou, and the 
eoinniittee had erected gs'od conifoftahle seats beside^ 
the stand? and (huieino; platfoi'in. iVfter spcndiiiij: a 
few hniirs convt'i'sini:,- and forniincr new acquaintances, 
the meeting \va> called to order liy Geoi-ge 'l\ W(>od>. 
one of the very oldest settlers of the county, who aftei' 
making .-i few a])propriate i-emarks introduced (reneral 
Joseph Uollnian who delivei-ed the following addi-c;-s 
of welcome: 

''PlONKKliS, OlA) SliTTLKliS AND FeIKNDS: 

At the request of the committee of arrangements 
I have the ])ri\ilege of extending a cordial and sincere 
weirome to all present today, for I can assure yon the 
latch string ever hangs out to all old settlers and 
fi'iends. A How me to congratulate ^ on on this tii'st 
coming together in I. )ak'ota county, and 1 pi'cdict the 
arrangpinents made hei'e today for our annmd coming 
together will he the source of many pleasant )-ecollec- 
tioiis in the future. 

Moi-e than a quarter of a century has passed away 
since I first met many of you whom I see before me 
today. Others of those have been gathered to their 
home, while many have left here for otiier localities. 
Twenty-tivfc! years ago 1 remembered it was no com- 
fortable task to pitch Your tent and build your cabin 
west of the Miss(mri river, and it is said that on this 
ground where we have met was ei-ected the first log 
cabin in this county, and for this reason this place was 
selected fur our reunion today. The recollections of life 
in the early times of loy- cabin, puncheon floor, the 
sour tioui- -AWi] Corn l)read, the dangers and privations 
underiioiie bind the old settlers together in a bond of 
frifud.-hip tiiat c;innot l>t" understood by any people 
(iifferenriv >itn;i;Ml. While we may congratulate our- 
stL'ivt'.-> on t lie ini proved conditions of Dakota 'iouiity 
from pioiicer o:i\,- yet we may be certain that the 



•jK) Warner's history of Dakota couniy. 

iVifinMiip ai!(l brotliei'ly love of the first settlei-s has 
not heeii improved upon or excelled in the cnnnty sijice 
ir,- si'tlUMiient by the wliite inHii. i)nt this can only he 
appi-fciateil l)y those who lived here in ;in eai'ly day. 
The tiehls of waving siuall i^rain, atid rustling corn 
have taken the phice of the wild prairie grass; the lug 
ca!>in has l)een replaced l)y a coinforlal.)le residence, ami 
I might say the canoe hy the steamboat; churches 
;;nd school houses dot the prairies, luibi'okeii then, hy 
the teepee, the Indian, while the whistle of the iron 
hoi'se was not heard west of the Mississippi. The old 
settlei's ui'ider Divine Providence were tlie advance 
gr.ards of ci\ ilization in opening np this country and 
performed their work fearlessly and well. I believe it 
was once said hy Mark Twain that if the settlers were 
hi g" to lieaven and find they could go no further west. 
ti;ey would not want to remain. There is gi'eat profit 
in these meetings. The old settlers meet and talk over 
the scenes of olden times and ]-enew the friendship of 
their youth, detailing to one another the many liard- 
shii)s and privations they endured, which must and 
will he very intei'esting. In conclusion let me again 
.-ay that in hehalf of the committee I again e.\tend to 
you a cordial welcome." 

Col. J . F. Warner was then introduced. lie 
s])i)ke at length on the early settlement of tiie county, 
the rapid progress u)ade by the pioneers; the constant 
increase in population, wealth and prosperity; the 
iK^dthy climate and many other interesting points 
which was I'eceived with great applause. As soon as 
the CoU)nel had Hnished his bidlliant remarks a recess 
vvas taken for dinner. The heavy laden baskets were 
soon emptied, and spread indifferent parts of the gro\e 
where, the hungry ones were supplied. 

After dinner the younger generations indulged in 
(lancing, swinging, etc., while tiie oldei' ones were seen 
ai'ound in groups talking over the scenes of ear!y times 
with all its trials and privations, and pleasant memu- 
I'ies. 



I'loNKKRS AM) OLD SETTJJCliS ASSOCIATION. -SIT 

Hon. E. K. \'aleiitine and liis son Kim wei'e 
\i si tors. 

At 2 o'clock p. 111. tiie meeting was ac^ain called 
to order, to elect otHcers, effect a pe;MTianent organiza- 
tion and to adopt a constitution and bydaws arid receive 
members. The following- was adopted: 



CONSTITUTION 



ARTICLE 1. 

Sec. I. This organization shall be known as the 
Pioneers and Old Settlers Association oi' Dakota County, 
Nebraska. 

ARTICLE II. 

Sec. I. The object of this association shall l)e to 
])romote friendly intercourse among its members, keep 
a record of events occurring in the early history of Da- 
kota county, and to preserve for our children and those 
who foUow us, the memories, incident to tlie settlement 
of our prosperous state. 

ARTICLE in. 
Sec. I. All persons who settled in this county 
prior to tlie 31st day of December, 18(K), ai-e entitled 
to admission as "pioneers.'" 

Sec 11. All persons who settled in this county 
prior to the 31st day of December, 18GS are entitled to 
admission as '-old settlers." 

Sec. III. Any pei-son of the classes named in 
the two preceding sections, who desire and shall pay 
into the treasury fifty cents, and shall sign this con- 
stitution, shall be members of this associatitu:. 

Sec. IV. A memhership of head of the family 
entitles all members of the immediate family to an 
honary membership in this association 



31S Warner's history of Dakota county. 

Sec. V^. In all aimual reunions and business 
transactions the classes named in sections one and two 
of this article third, are blended in this association. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Sec. 1. The officers of this association shall con- 
sist of a president, vice presidetit. secretary, assistant 
secretary and treasurer. 

Sec. II. The officers named in the preceding 
section shall be elected at each annual meeting of the 
association and shall hold their respective offices until 
their respective successors are chosen and installed in 
office. 

Sec. III. It shall be the duty ol the president to 
preside at all meetiiii^s of the association and when re- 
(|uested by live members in each precinct of the county 
to call special meetings of the association during his 
term of office. 

Sec. IV. It shall be the duty of the secretary to 
keep accurate minutes of all business transactions, con- 
duct all correspondence, receive all monies due the 
society, and which may come to it, and piy the same 
over to the treasurer, taking his receipt therefor, draw 
all orders on the treasurer fur disi)ursements, and to 
keep a careful record of all deaths or removals of mem- 
bers during the year and report the same to tlie next 
annual meeting of the society. 

Sec. V. It shall be the duty ot the treasurer to 
safely keep all monies and property of the association, 
to disburse the same upon on the order of the secretai-y 
countersigned by the president and to turn over to his 
successor, all books, accounts, monies and property of 
the assuciation remaining in his hands at the expira- 
tion of his tern) of office. 

ARTICLE V. 

Sec- I. There siiall l)e an annual meeting of the 
society at such a time as may l)e agi'eod upon by the 
association at their annual meeting and such special 



l'I('x\v,KKS AND OI.I) SKTTI.KKS ASSOCIATION. 311* 

iDcetiiio^s as pi'ovid'^d in stiction tlu'ee of m-ticle four of 
this eoii^titntion. 

AUTR'l.E VI. 

Tlie associativ)ii may adopt sucli by-laws v-r l•ule'^ 
not inconsistent with this coiistitntion as a majority of 
the menibers present at a i-egnhir meeting may agree 
upon. 

ARTICLE VII. 

See. 1. This eouttitntion n.-ay be amended at an\ 
rntruhir meeting of the society by giving three nujiith.-- 
notic i>f tlie pio])osed amendments to the secretary. 
\viu> shall cause the same to oe published in some 
newspaper in the county, at least four conseeu ti'sc 
weeks, and such notice to be complete thirty days 
prior to the annual meeting of the associati<)n. 

The organization was perfected by electino the 
following officers for the ensuing year: President, 
(leorge T. VV^oods; Vice President, Daniel Diiggan: 
Secretary, i\ . li. leaker; Ass'stant Secretary, Chas. II. 
Potter; Treasni'ei-. Thos. Asliford. 

A motion prevailed that the next annual meet- 
ing of the association shall be held at Asliford V grove. 
August 25, 1S»3. 

A large nundiei' of the pioneers and old seftler> 
became mem hers <»f the association, and when they 
departed for theii* homes were well please-i with theii' 
day's enjoyment at this their iirst Hnnual reunion. 

.VMKXn.MENlS To THE ('ON.STITUTION. 

At the fifth annual reunion held at Jlileman's 
-•rove. Satur<hi_\, Aii«;u^t U, i8<S(), William llolswoith 
offered the followiiio- amendment to the constitution, 
whieh was unanimously adopted: 

••That the con.--tirut ion be so aineiided as to admit 
all per.-ons whd .-hall have li\td in the eminly for 
tifteiMi years, at the' time ..f tln'ir enrollment as iiiem- 
■bei-.- (d''rhis s(.ciety. 

.\t the same mcetini;- Sam A. Combs oifej'ed the 
followin^;;- which w !> a(|oj)led; 



.i,w WAIiJXkiiS IIISTUKV OF DAKOTA CorXTV. 

'•Tliat the society appoint u historian whose duty 
it shall he to write a short biography of the old setrlei.- 
in a book, to be purchased for that purpose, and l]\v 
L'oiupeusation to be ^25. 00 per annum." Adopted, 



^EC0NI3 ANNUAL EEUNION. 



Great intei'est was taken in tlie seroiid annua;; 
reunion whieli was held in Ashford's grove, one Ira! f 
mile east of Homer, August 25, 18S3. David Boah- 
acted as chaj)!ain, and Miss ]M;iry Warner and othei-- 
rendered some beautiful music foi- the occasion. CoL 
J. F. Warner, Gen. Joseph llollman and Col. B. l>ates 
ileli\-ered elo<|uent addresses on the subject of pioneer 
times. Officers weie elected for the ensuing yeai' as 
follows: -lesse Wigle. President; A. H. I'>aker, Sec- 
reta!y;C. 11. Potter, Assistant Secretary; and Th(jma>- 
A>-lii'or(l, Ti\';is!irer. A nieniorial committee vvas ap 
poiiiti'd. c'(Mi>i:-riiig of Col. , J. P. Warner, A. T. ilaase 
and William llolsworth. 



THIRD ANNUAL REUNION. 



The tliird reunion was also he'd in Aslil'oidV 
grove, Augn^^t 80, is>i,-\r. Cyalt-b Anti-im acting as 
ch;iphdn. and Gen. Jo.-eph UoHm.iii delivering tlie- 
annual address (>1* welcome. O. (-. Treadway, of Si<m.v 
City. L)wa, delivered the or ition of the day, which was 
received with nnirketl arrention. The following officer.- 
were el e(*- ted: Ca>\. .lesse 1"\ Wai'uer, President; Daniel 
Dugoan, Vice President; A. 11. Baker. Seci-etary; C. 
H. Potter. Assistant Secretary; Tlioma- Asjii'ord. Ti'cas- 
ni'.T. Tne uicinorial eoin m i t tc- was clioseu as fol.l"W> ; 



I'lUXKKKS AND OLD SKTTLKKS ASSOCIATION. 321 

'•Ailliaiii liolswortli. William Adair and Joseph Bran- 



FOURTH A.WNUAL REUNION 



The tbiirtli reunion was held in Hileman's o['ove. 
two miles north of Homer, August 22, 1885, William 
Xiff/jcrer acting as chaplain. The pi-esident, Col. J. 
F. Warner delivered the annual address of welcome, 
which was followed by toasts and responses: "JS'e- 
;>ia>ka,*' hy Andrew Bevins of Omaha, Nebraska; 
••The Old Settlers," Gen. Joseph HoUman; "The New 
Settlers/' Mell C. Jay, -Dakota County," D. C. Dib- 
b!e; "Our Schools.'" Siipt. A. Matthews; '-Early Times," 
VViliiani Huliswortli; '-'riie Old Settleresses and the New 
SHttleresses."' (-ol. ]]. Bates. The ofiicers of the associa- 
tion were all I'e-elected. 

Col. Warner's address of welcome was as follows: 

-ProxKKKs AN'D Old Settlers ok Dakota Coukty akd 

VlSITIXO FiitENDS: — 

No poor words of mine can convey or give utter- 
ance to the feelings of niy heart and express the wel- 
come I a-n called upon to fxtend to one and all hei'e 
to (hiy. In the welcome hei'c your President can only 
in an imperfect manner [)ertor!n his part. Tlje work 
of niakino' this a most, a(rrt'ed»;e and pleasant reunion, 
to be a complete sccees.-, must be d-uie !>y each and 
evcrv «>!ie. To this end let us lay aside all stiff" for- 
mality and cold reserve and greet each other and all 
who :v:c wiili us as we did in the early days when 
■wt' vivited in lude rabins and '-dug outs.'' Let us 
try for a <1 ly to live the past o\er ai'-ain, and our 
gatiiciMMg will then be a perfect success. With a 
ijjJl lieai-r I o-i-;.("r yoii and extend a most cordial wej- 



322 WAKNKR's history of DAKoIA COUN'l'Y. 

(•(line to this oui' fourth annual I'ennioii of the jjioiicei's 
and old settlers of Dakota county. 

We do not claim snperioi" merit for the old settler.-- 
nvei- tlie, new, but from natni-;d causes and coiMlitioiib 
t liey uiu» cut loose from old homes of the oidei com- 
munities — who leave the graves of their ancestors and 
the homes oi* their f;ithers to bring the savage wilds of 
a iie\v Country under the hand of man and present as an 
:iC(juisition to civilization must necessarily l)e brave and 
('oura^ei.us. They must he intelliii'ent and self i-eliant. 
Tliev mnst have outgrown the gregariousness of theii- 
hai'baric ancestors and arrived at the full measui'e of 
J'ldepiMident manhood. Not that they ]ia\'c outgrown 
tliL' tine social character of oui- race, hut on the con- 
ti-ary they become niore cosmopolitan and regard all 
men as brothei's. The pioneeis in all countries are 
I lie ujost hospitable a-nd generous class of men. ever 
ready to welcome the strangei" to the humble home and 
to divide the meager rations with him. 

The world lauds, the histoi-ian Hattei's. wliile poets 
-ino the praises of him wlto conquors a fair ci>unti-v and 
forcibly takes from those Mdio have by theii' patient toil 
l>iiilded for tliemselves pleasant homes and luxuriou^ 
-urroinidings. IIow much more ci-edit is due to thosf 
who hnd - found and build a country foi" themselves f 
Their conquest is not over a ^-ountry in ruins witls 
devastated fields, villages, cities and homes. Xo fel- 
inws rights ai'e disregarded or property appi-fipi-iated 
iii coiujuest Uy the damnable doctrine of the ancients 
tliat 'might makes i-iglit.' Peace hath irs victoi'ies no 
les- than war. Ours is such a one. () ir CMii(|nest is 
'>\'ei- the wild forces of nature, I)ring them under- tiibute 
to the wants of luai; and the requirements of civilization 
.•ind commerce. 

That our lot has beeji cast i?i such a goodly laiu! 
we should be truly thaid<ful. WIkmi our eyes lirst he- 
iicld this counti-y with rank liTowth of vegetation and 
herbage, nothino short of nronhetic vision could luivi; 



l'li>NKKR> AM) ol.l) SKTl'LlOliS AS'^OCI ATH ).\. .>^;5 

{■.)i-('sec'ii rlie Dakota coiiutv (if to-diiy with its wealth 
of cro])s and especially the wilderness of growing com 
which is not excelled by any comity in the state or 
United States. I ha\e never been so fully impressed 
with this thought as during an extended joiirneY to the 
t'a>t of u> this se:is(tn. throuo-h the states of Iowa, Uli- 
!ioi.~. Miehioan. New York, all the New England states, 
[-"ennsylxania, ]\ew Jei'sey and Maryland, also a long 
run throuoh Canada. I assure you that on my return 
1 fo'iinl more corn in ludk to the acre in our county 
tiian (HI anv two acres 1 saw in ail niv ramble. l>ii 
.-iiies I found tliat tlie people in far east are behind us. 
In neai'ly every instance east of Michigan they were 
iMit! ing tlieii" hay with the old scythe and the wheat 
with the cradle. This may !)e becar.se a machine could 
Mi>r pass between the rocks and their neighbor •'vouldn't 
Jet tlieni iiavu room to tui'u around; their fields ai'e too 
small to null in -L'i'ey are aliead ot us in one thing 
4)nly and that 1 obsei"\ed; their harvest begins earliei' 
than ours. In tact, the first woi'k when the snow is 
■o-oMt' with them is to gathei- the annual crop of rocks. 
I'he yield is the only heavy ci'op tliey harvest. 'J'hey 
^)uild fences with them until their little fields are about 
■all co\eied with fences, and then build jnveiiile moun- 
tains ami still their lan<l is covered with r(»cks. In 
many places tliey import the dirt by cars to br.ru 
brick. Out there is u rompen.-atioii in all things, no i(;ss 
withuut some gain. Tliey have I'eady made monu- 
mriiis enough to hu-t until the last S(»n of Adam is laid 
nwny. wliiL-h Could not be done too soon for me if I had 
to scratch among tho>e rocks and roll them ;iroiind for 
•I scanty cro[). J think I >hoiild want to m(i iiit(» ca up 
beside the Hist bio- bo'ulder. A man must either be 
buried in s(mie iirtle creek llat where the waters would 
.How- over his orive or wait the pi'ocess of interment 
M-hiif ids lrie;ids bhist out a loinb iu the rocks of the 
Jdo-her land, oi- rather rocd<s. [or all abo\-e high water 
jjjyi-k is rock. 'J'lie L(.u(.l lias been kind [o the peojiif;' 



• v-4 w'aknkk's hi!^t«)KV ok dako'ia ('<>L■^'•^v. 

111 !')!(' tiiiiif.', their i& no luini and all tlieii- r^acU arc 
iicadaiiiiziMl for rliein l)y tlie Great Creator. This is an 
iiiijji'oveinent on onr mud roads, hut I rather like the 
materials tVoiri wliicli mud is made, provided always 
that it is uot too thin. 

Tiie first yeaj-s of Dakota county were cast on a 
sr<trniY fHid tempestuous sea. In 1S57 and '5S the 
i^reat crisis completely paralized our infant s-ettle- 
uient. Scarcely had we commenced to I'ally when 
the war chjud, which had been gathering for years. 
bnr.^t with all its fury upon tiie nation. Nehrask.n 
cut no small ligr.re in the great contest. In fact, tlie 
very enuhliiig act which gave political existence to our 
ten-it(U'y rekindled tie tii'es which Inid been smouldei'- 
ing since 1820, — revived the old animosities and com- 
pleted the estrapgenieut of sections nntil brother wa^ 
ready to meet brother in deadly coutiict. Wliile Ne- 
bi'aska was the innocent cause of the trouble her |) irt 
in the great contest was necessai'ily limited, yet the 
territory of jN'ebi'aska did her little part noldy. In 
proportion to members she g.ive of her sous as frt-ely 
;is the states. Some ol Dakota county's bloud miugied 
witli that of the nation which flowed so freely in a holy 
cau^-e. Some of her smis sleep beneath the sonthern 
shades. 

'On fame's eternal camping ground 

Their silent tents are spread, 
While glory guards with solemn round 

The hiviouac of the dead.' 
During the great contest the wheels of progress in 
■ lui- section were turned backward. A threatened h\- 
dinn war almost de])oj)nlated the conntv. I'or a time 
it looked as if ihis fair land \\(Uild again be the iierit- 
iiue of. the Indian and the buif ilo. l>iit when tiie white 
winged d(.>ve of peace once nunc brooded over our ;d'- 
llicted country ami war's desolation ee;ised, a new era 
dawned upon our county. As with the nation at laigi- 
out of death s|)rnu.o- new life. The oreat energu'-- 



I'lONKKRS AND OLD SETTLKR8 A.-^SO( lATK )i\. 325 

which tlic wai- developed were turned to tlie paths of 
peace until today tlie nation stands a century aiiead 
where only two decades ai'e passed. In this genera! 
progress we liave also shared liberally. 

But I must not longer trespass upon the ground 
of other speakers in an address of welcome. I fear I 
have already stolen some of our orator's thunder. 

Another year is past and we see many of the 
familiar faces of 20 to 25 years ago. Time has dealt 
kindly with our pioneers Many have survived the 
(juarter of a century since first we met in Dakota 
county. k5ome have removed to other lands; others 
have gone to their long homes. They sleep beneath 
the soil of their chosen county. Since our last meet- 
iivg some have gone to the silent land; but still a larger 
number live and remain with us. Let us rejoice that 
so m.ttiy are v.itli us to-day. Aii;ain I welcome you. one 
and all. and expi'ess the hope tliat we may enjoy many 
more of these annual meetinos.-' 



Following is Mr. Dibble's address at this niuL't- 
ing: 

'•DAKOTA COUKTY." 

•'Ladiks AiSD Gkntdkmkn: — 

Wl;en the tiivt white nnui placed foot within tlu' 
con lines of wliai is now known as Dakota county, or to 
whom belongs that honor is yet unknown. It is proli- 
ab'e though that some wandering Arab of the prairie 
— ibe restless Indian trattei- — first overlooked the broad 
]\ris,-(.\iri liotfom, saw tlie j)eaks of the adjacent hills 
overlnpping one another in sytunietricai l)eauty and 
oj'zed down upon theeN[)anse of ri ^-er. sparkling in riie 
sunlight like a silver ihr-nid, meandering in endless 
con''u--'on to the sea. V/l at must have bten tiic 
tloHohts and feelii gs incident to a scene like tlnit; 
And if he were l;ere to(\'iy what a change must iia\i: 
come o\er the spirit of his di'cam. 



826 Warner's history of Dakota colntv.. 

Where not fifty years ago, you now sit circled 
with all that exalts and embeilislies civilized lil'e, r!ic 
raidv thistle nodded in the wind, today the thistle still 
nods and is considered by experience to be raid-;, xury 
indeed. Then the wild coyote dng his hole iinseared. 
today he is dug out of his hole by a medley of men 
and hounds, who are all in a hurry to be in at the 
death and give chase until he gains another hole, also 
unscared. Then lived and loved another race of being- 
bays Sprague; beneath the same sun that rolls over 
your heads the Indian pursues the pantiiio- (leer — today 
the panting hunter pursues the deei'; gazing on the 
same moon that smiles on you the Indian lover wooed 
his dusky mate; the pale face still wooes, l»iit today 
the smile of the maid has more charms than the smile 
of the moon. Change tomdies the dimpled cheek of 
the infant and he becomes the bearded man; he ti'aces 
wrinkles upon the brow ot the aged and iiitei-sperses 
silver threads among the iiolden tresses. lie places 
his hand upon the cradle and it btcomes a t'othn. 
Nations rise cast abroad the luster of th-.-ii names; 
change says '4^resto'' and they fall. 

'Turn, turn my wheel all tilings must cliauge. 
'I'o something uew to soruetliing strange, 
Nothing that is can pause and stay, 
■J'he moon will wax, the moon will wane. 
The mist and clouds will tuiu to rain, 
Ihe rain to mist and cloud again, 
To-morrow le to clay.' 

This law of mutation which is jiere, there ami" 
everywhere, a part of nature's pUiii^ yields willing 
obedience to man, hiiuself a servant and creatiife of 
change. It can be for better or for worse, areording 
as he wills it by his energy oi- his sloth. lietter that 
a child should never be born tiian that he .-hould join. 
the army of sluggaixls. Better that a legion shonhl^ 
i-emain in its pristine wilderness, its native grandner 
than that it sluiiild be iilolently or carelessiy redeemed. 

The county in which we reside was \k>v\i Marclu 



mONEEKS AND OLD SETTLKliS A!:^SuClATIOI«I. iJ27 

1S55, dulv christened Dakota after the Dakota Indians, 
and sent forth to battle with the world to gain riclies. 
fame, glory, success and perforce happiness; and now 
that the thirtieth milestone has been reached, m)w 
that thirty harvests have been reaped, garnered and 
dii^tribnted. it is pre-eminently a pn>per time to ]-ake 
ovev the embers of the fire and listen to the cricket on 
the hearth, and it does not require an acute ear to hear 
this philosopher say that progress has been steady and 
great. To an inhabitant of the slow, conservative 
eastern coast it would seem incredible to hear re- 
lated tliat in a growth of thirty years within an aiea of 
lii(),(JOO acres, and without any lai'ge town a county in 
the west luid attained a population of 4,005, it would 
cause his 'diair to stand on end and his voice to stick 
in his throat" when he realized that without a sign to 
mark the pi'esence of man 35 years ago. There are 
now 225 S(piare miles in Dakota county, d jtted thickly 
willi neat, commodious and elegant dwelling houses, 
the native bareness relieved by 700 acres of homemade 
forests, traversed its entire length by the iron horse, 
.and supplied with busy thri vino-. energetic towns. What 
old settler is there here today who would liave been 
bold enough to prophesy thar in i8b5 there would l>e 
in cultivation and raising wheat 10,000 acies, corn 15,- 
<IO(l acres, oats, bai'ley and potatoes 3,000 acres ^ Tell 
me old settlers, if in your wildest di'eams id* Utopian 
plenty, did you dare to think that in thirty years, scarce 
tiiirry years, there would bj U.O'IO hoi's^s. t2,0l)0 cat- 
tle, ii).'00U hitgs and [)i-op M'ty to the taxable value of 
8S()0.01)1):: Ir there wa^ or U such a, man let him seep 
forward. f<u" he is a proplu't greaic^r than Kli.-li i. lie 
was an optimist, he had undmited conlidence ;iu;l he 
has seen it vertiiied. 

Fui'therniore tiiere is this tho .ght whate'.'er has 
been wrought in this cou"t\- iias been iloue by the 
mu^ck' and ihtci'm imirion of its ritiz-'iis. Large 
.amounts of capital lia\e not bn_'n mx'ested. our people 



828 Warner's history of Dakota county. 

for the most part cnine here poor men and whatever 
competence they may have attained has not been the 
result ol big interest on big investments but a mod- 
erate income due to good judgment and hard work. 
The student of political economy sees mucli cause lor 
congratulation in a, condition like this, all things are on 
a tirni equitable basis; where all men are comfortably 
well off there may be fluctuations but never distress, 
there may be hard times but the people of '-JJakoia 
county" will live and make money. The spirit 
of change njeans here the spirit of 

progress. Note the improved machinery, tlie better 
grade of cattle, the introduction of tauie grass, and the 
raising of the standard of the farm in every particular; 
and yet they have not gone too fast. There ai'e very 
few mortgages hanging like an angry thunder 'dou'd 
over the farms and it is to be prayed there may never 
be more. Finally allow me to ask what l>etter lot 
could fall to man than to be a farmer in the county of 
the Dakota. The turtle dove cooes of peace and good 
will in the foi'est which his hand has made in the 
pasture, his cattle chew the cud of contentment, the 
tassels waving in the breeze and the golden grain pro- 
duced by a soil which was never known to fail, tell him 
of a good living and a little more. This is the picture 
and it represents work of thehands and work (»f the brain 
luxury and liberty culture and contentn)ent. 

Any person who owns a farm in Dakota county 
and has it paid for is fixed as '-snug as a bug in a rug" 
and if he is nor fairly satisHed it is a foregone conclu- 
sion that he couidn'c i)e; that if he rolled in the wealth 
of Croesus he would oI)ject to the color of ^■()ld, that if 
he sipped of nectar wiUi the Gods he would find fault 
with its flavor, but foi-tunately tiiei-e are few of such 
people in this comiiiuniry. If they occasii)n;illy see 
the opposite side of the picture I have portrayed, if 
the cows throw away the cud of contentment and get 
into the corn they (piietly di'ive them out and flx the fence. 



PIONICBRS AND OLD SETTLKKS ASSOCIATION. 321t 

If once in a life time a gentle zepliyi' rudely nproots a 
IVw of the trees and hastily overturns a few windmills 
or.r people on the morrow plant some more trees and 
erect better mills, (there are also caves promptly dug. 
I'ut that is irrelevant to the question.) If occasionally 
it is too wet for wheat or too dry for the corn oui- peo- 
ple do not don the brow of despondency and look as if 
ihey had seen their last friend and had a iij^htwitii him 
but the chances are they will be planning for iiextyears" 
ciop and pointing with pride to the fact this is the very 
iir.*t reverse in the last ten or fifteen years. And by 
the way don't be ashtimed of that word "Pkide," fondle 
it, cai-ess it and don't lose it. Have a proper pride in 
the county which has made you and" which you have 
lielped to make. We love qur government, our state 
and let us extend the same spirit to the community in 
which we live. Let us- try to make our part of the 
United States of America as progressive, as beautiful 
and as moral as we can. It is a part of us, "bone of 
our bone and Hesh." If we adorn our homes let us do 
it with the thought that we are adorning our county, 
onr state and our Union. As a single ray of ligl)t 
pa&ses throngh the prism and becomes the seven colors 
of the rain-bow, so will a strong pride in our county 
foster s^icial relations, coml)at selfishness, instill 
patriotism and till the soul witii noble and happy 
thoiiojits. 

Dakota connty in tlu^ past has been progressive, 
Dakota county in tiie present is on a iirm foundation 
witli the outlook good; what will Dakota county be 
in the future^ Old settlei-s, your heritage to youi- 
childi-en is great and wortliy of your vnior. Settlers of 
today, it is a pertinent question to yon. what shall your 
heritage he( Again thei'e v>-ill be a change; it can not 
he avoided, it mu>t I»o made subservient. 

'Turn, turn my wheel all life is brief, 
What now is l)iid will soon be leaf. 
What now is \v;\l' will soon decay, 



■Sol* \VARNKi;V HISTORY OK DAKolA OorN'I'V. 

The wind blows east tlic winds l)!()w west. 

'I'lie blue eggs in the robins nest. 

\\il] sdon have wings and beak and erest. 

And Ihitter and fly away. 
Tliei^eloi-e it iiiav rea;=onably be expected that '>y 
The time Uiirty s-eat-ons shall have come and Joined 
those that have ^oiie on before, that many of those who 
are j)ioneers and (dd settlers now Avill he Jiesv settler.- 
ill the land which is JDeyond the rising snn. and that 
the yoiino- nien of the present will be old settlei's then. 
It may reasoua!>ly be expected, even amid the 
vicissitudes of hiinuui fortune, that Dakota county will 
coiitinne to prosper and increase in wisdom and plenty. 
It is expected of you yonno; men and women, into 
whose hands this tsaist will soon be given, that you will 
advance the county in intelligence, morality aiul wealth. 
It is expected of you that you will keep step with the 
march of pro;;'ress, i:hat you will — 

•Be bold, be bold and everywdiere be bold- -Better the excess. 
Than the defect, better the more than less, 
Better like Hector in the held to die. 
Than like a perfumed I'aris, turn and fly." 



FIFTH ANNUAL ULUNION. 



The associati(m again met, and held tlieir iiftii re- 
union in lliieman's grove. Saturday, Anoiist 14, I8b(). 
William Woiley acting a.> riiap.a'D. Coi. J. K. Wai'uer 
delivtreil the aMUUal addie.-s ..f welccuiie as>igned t^^ 
the i)i-esident. The memoi-ial commiitee (H>n'-i>ring of 
William il dswortii, Sa.u .v. CoMihs and M. M. Wai-nei- 
then ollered reboliiuoiis on i uo deaths of W i lliam C. iMc- 
Beath, Willian. Uovell, Knos Whinery ami Chas. 1>. 
jiaviiss, which wei'e ad<ipM d by the association. An, 
iidilress wa.- thru made oy v\'i,iiaiii it. :Smiih of Siou.v 



PIONEKKS AND OLD SETTLERS ASSOCIATION. 331 

City. Lowa. The following officers were chosen for the 
eusuiiii; year; Col. Plarlaa Baird, President; Leonard 
Bates, Vise President; Thomas Ashford, Treasurer; D. 
r. Dibble, Secretary; Tim Carrabine, Corresponding 
Secretary. Memorial committee: William Holsworth. 
(rerald Dillon and Curtis B. .Bliven. 

Sam A. Combs offered a resolution that the society 
>e!ect a historian whose duty it shall be to write bio- 
oraphical sketches of the members, The resolution 
was adopted and M. M. Warner chosen historian for 
the association. 



SIXTH ANNUAL REUNION. 



Ililenian's grove was again selected as the phice to 
hold tlic si.\th annual rennion, on Saturdays August 13. 
l~^^7. Divid Boals acted as cliaphun and Col. J. F. 
AVurner di'li\ered the address of welcome. For and 
in behalf of the association hn extended to one and all 
a cordial greeting, jind tx])re^^ed a hope that they 
might be permitted to meet on many more such happy 
occasi(»ns. ile com pared the wild and uncivilized 
scenes (if tiiii-ty yeais ago wirli the grand changes which 
we to(hiy heho'ld' while viewino- the beantifid farms and 
ple'asMi;! honie> of I lakoui comity. Lieutenant W. F. 
Norris t'ilh)\\i (I with rhe oration of the day. He paid 
a glow;:iu- li-ibiire to the weiilih :iii(l pi <>>|)eri ty oi Da- 
kota couiitv. ■ iid the energy and enterpi-i.-e of her peo- 
j)h'. 'I i,e nu n.oii;:! coinmitiee then oifei'ed I'esolutions 
on the deatlis of .John II. Mann and Dmiel Duggan, 
which we:e ;dM|. red. f;h crion ol officers for tiie en- 
suing year resiibed -is foi!o\v>: Dr (r. W. Wilkinson, 
, piesiden.t; .Joseph Hranmm. vice president; l\I. M. 
VVjii-ne.-. ^ecr •■: r\ jokI lii>rorIan; '1 homas Ashford. 
treasure)-; \V C I )i hl)le. correspond ing secretary. 



■■]H2 \vaknh;k's history ov Dakota county. 

SEVENTH ANNUAL RErNION. 



Once more the association met in its sevenrli an- 
imal reunion at Hileman's grove, on Satnr<]a'v. Septem- 
ber 1, 1S88, David Boals acting as cluiplain. The 
president, Dr G. W.Wilkinson delivered the address 
of welcome. Speeches appropriate for the occa^ion 
were then made by Leonard Bates, J. C. (\ lloskins 
of Sioux City, Iowa, Jesse Wigle, N. S. Porter nf 
Ponca, Col. C. D. Martin, Col. Jesse F. Warner. S. A. 
Combs and Dennis Ai-monr. The following officers 
were elected for the ensuino; year: Leonard Bates, 
president; D. C. Dibble, vice president; ]\L M. 
Warnei', secretary .and Justorian; Atlee Hart, cor- 
I'csponding secretary ; Thomas Ashford, ti'easnrer. 



EIGHTH. ANNUAL REUNION' 



The eighth annual reunion wns held on the gi'ound 
of the Homer Driving Park associatioiu neai- Homer, 
on Saturday, August 17, 1881). Ptev. I'eanlsheai', of 
Ponca, acted as chaplain. The ])fesi(lent. Leonard 
jjates, delivered the address of welcome. The orution 
of the day wss delivered by Gov. John Rl. Tha\er. 
The memorial conimittfe had recorded tjie death of the 
following during the year: Daniel McETitarffer, Ellen 
T. Jones. -lohn Williams, Jclia L.. Mai'y L. and Daniel 
C. O'Connor. Anna A. Latnp-on, Elma J. Taylor, Ellen 
G. Gribble, Martha Taylor ai;d Jtjseph Smitlu Officers 
foi- the ensuing year were elected as follows: Dennis 
Armour, president; Joseph Br;inn;in. vice picsident: 
M. M. Warner, secretary and historian; S. A. Combs, 
L. M. Warner and Dr. G. W. Wilkinson, memorial 
committee. 



PIONKKKS A^'D OLD SETTLEKS ASSOCIATION. 888 

NINTH ANNUAL REUNION. 



Aoraiii the association met on the gTouiids of the 
llomer Driving Park association, in tlieii" nintli annual 
reunion, on Saturday, Septeinl)er 6. 1890. President 
Dennis Armour delivered the annual address of wel- 
come as follows: 
••Friends and Neighboks: — 

Moses has it in the program that I am to deliver 
the openincp address. I don't mean Moses, the law 
o'iver and liistorian of Israel, but Moses, the historian 
and secretary of the Pioneers and i)]d Settler's associa- 
tiun of Dakota county, Nebraska— the man that is 
doing the n'ost work to preserve from oblivion the 
luemory of the early settlers of Dakota county. Moses, 
the son of Col. J. F. Warner, our departed friend and 
associate and one of the most eloquent men of the 
northwest. He has crossed the dark river and is on 
the bright shore where sorrow comes not and tears 
never flow; but we miss his genial presence and the 
warm pressure of his hand. 

It is part of our lot to mourn departed friends. 
Onr bodies are but earth and it is according to the 
laws of natiiie that all bodies composed of matter 
should have a period of life and end in dissolution. 
Sience teaches us that not for eternity is written on 
the stars of heaven that light with beauty the mid- 
night sky. Hilt the soul, the spirit, is not composed 
of matter, is not subject to the same law and it has 
bct'ti believed every since the first dawn of intelligence 
among human beings that this life is out the moi'ning 
of an eteriud existence; that tlie soul will be ever grow- 
ing. (>ver iiicreas'ng in happiness within itself.ever more 
ca|);ilile of imparting happiness to others. It is to be 
hoj)ed tliat we will all niake a good use of our life so 
as to secure hapf)iness. 

Let us greet each other as l)eloved friends to-day. 



334 



WARNEitS HISTORY Ol' DAKOTA COUNTY. 



Let all that would hinder disappear as tlie Dioi'niiio- 
mist before the rising sun. 

Welcome, pioneers! Weleonie, old settlers I Wel- 
come, new settlers! to our reunion. To those who 
have removed from our county we say. Welcome! 
May your hearts be gladdened by meeting the friends 
of your early years and your eyes view with joy the 
wonderful prosperity and beauty of your old home, Da- 
kota county. 

Tu onr friends from fSioux City we say, Welcome! 
We are glad to meet you here. You are our friends. 
We feel and know that the prosperity, that the beauti- 
ful homes we possess, are largely dne to onr living near 
a good market town. Your enterprise, your public 
spirit has been of great benetit to Dakota county. Tnat 
muddy stream that liows between does not divide (uir 
interests nor our sympathies. Sioux City is the com- 
mercial metropolis of Northern Nebraska. 

W^e greet you, Welcome!" 

The memorial committee made their I'cport show- 
ing the deaths of thii'ty-live people within one year, 
anmng whom wei'e: Stephen Siniuitt, KdWiii Briindi, 
Mrs. Emma F. Whitehorn, John rwoiii^r, Aii's. J. 
O. Fisher, liotleib lierger, Airs. N . D. Crippm. Alfred 
Vigo Clauson, Estelle Victoria Hunt. Sumn. r NViii trier. 
Thomas Cnrren, Col. Jesse F. \Varnt'r. John Shelock. 
Frank O'Connor, Jacob Sides, John Smitli, Sr., Eimei 
McQuilkin, Mrs. Mafgaret Endei\-by, Aii-s, iviary Mc- 
intosh and Rebecca Jane I>aird. Speeches weie made 
by William R, Sndth, J.C.C. Lloskins, John LL Chai'les. 
E. C. Palmer, Mr. Kirk and A. (Tro.iiinger, all ot Sioax 
City, L)vva. Remarks were also made by W' iliiam Uoh 
worth, Gen. Joseph IlcUmaii. J. J. .McAllister, Meil C. 
Jay and J. J. McCarthy. OtHeers tor the ensuing year 
were cho.-en as follow.--: Josejiii Ibannan, Fi'csuietir; 
Thomas J. King, Vice Presidenr; M. M. W^rn r, Sec- 
retary and llistoi-ian; Atlee llait, (\ii; (-.-pondin::- See- 
retary: Thomas Ashfoi-d, Sr.. Tre;i!-ni-er: S m ..('onil)-. 
John T. Spencer and C. 15. i>liven, Menmi'ial (Jommittee. 



'Io^:-;eks a>1) ojji .--ettlkk^ as>u( jatio.x. ;JH." 

TENTH ANNUAL REUNON. 



The tenth aiiiinal ixMinioii was held in C'liiiton 
Park, adjoining- Dakota City on tlie west. Saturday. 
August 22, 1891. Uncle David Boa Is aoain acted as 
chaplain. The president, Joseph Brannan. omitted his 
annual address of welcoine to shorten the proifrani in 
conse(i[uence of threatning weatlier. William Jj. Joy. 
of Sioux City, Iowa, delivered the oration of the day. 
He iriade an eloquent speech tracing this country from 
its geological period down to the present time. The 
memorial committee reported thirty-three deaths dur- 
ing the past year, among wdiom were: Thomas Ilodgin. 
Miss Elizabeth Lapsley, Miss Maggie Gribble, Samuel 
Gatton, Anna Booney, Mrs. Cliarles Tennant. Matt 
Coilins, George Herb, Daniel McMillen. Patrick Two- 
hig, William Winkhaus, Col. Charles D. Martin, Mrs 
Alex Nixon, Jermiah Lucey, Christina Jacobson, Jame? 
McKeiina, Samuel Osman, Mrs. B L. Thompson. Mrs. 
John Naffziger. Katie O'Connor. David W. Shuil and 
William Kelsey. Election of officers for the ensuing- 
year i-esulted as follows: Gen. Joseph Hollman, Presi- 
dent; D. C. Dibble, Vice President; M. M. Warner. 
Secretary and Historian; Thomas Ashford, Sr., Treas- 
urer; Sam A. Coinbs, John T. Spencer and Gerald 
Dillon, Memorial Committee. 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REUNION. 



It was tho-iglit best to change tlie locatioii to dif- 
ferent parts of the county, cot^sequently the eleventh 
•annual reutiion was held in Barry's beautiful grove, 
west of Jackson, on Saturday, August 20, 18U2. Tliat 
venei-able pioneer chaplain. Uncle David Boals offered 



38() WAKNKii's HIS'iOKV 'Ji' DAKOTA COLM 1 V. 

a fei'veiit prayer uppropriate for the uccasion, after wliirii 
the president, Gen. Joseph Holhnan delivered the ii'.iuu.il 
address of welcome Ed. T. Kearney in l)ehalf of Juri^ 
Mill welcomed '"Our Guests,"' and did it well and l-I..- 
(|nently. The nieniorial committee made their icjiurr 
for the past year recordino- the deaths of tvveiity-eMlit 
uid settlers as follows: Airs. Thomas llooan. Father 
Wm. Hamilton, P. J. Keetfe, Charles E. Hazel or,, ve, 
Daniel E. Diigtjan, Mrs. Maggie Kelley, Mrs. Pin.- 
Neff, George E. Ii-onsides, Mrs. John H. I3ridenb;iiigh, 
Thomas L. Grilfey, John Ryan, Charles Donahue, Mrs. 
Marinda Westcot^ Mrs. John Dillon, Hugh Myer>, 
Dntton I^ane, Michael Keel, Martin Dewire, James 
Williams, Michael Dewire, Joachim Oesterling, Mrs. 
F. A. Eobinson. Williani A. Campbell, John Howard, 
Mrs. Caleij Antrim, J i\, Mrs. Joseph Goodiiow, John 
McGee and James Laiiey. In the afternoon Mell C. 
Jay delivered the following eloquent address: 

"THE WHEELS OF PEOGT^ES?." 

"Mk. Fkesidk^t, LAniES aku Gentlemen: — 

The toast master Inis re(|nii'ed of me a ditHcult 
task — to repiy to the toast, -The Wheels of Progress,'' 
and tiuit, too. in five minutes 

The proo-ress of niaid<iiid embraces the histoi-y of 
the world, and tiiis our civilization, imperfect as it may 
l)e, is the result oi lon^- centui'ies of struggle and toil. 
This fair land of ours, covered with homes and harvests, 
filled with the sound of indnstiy. has been made possible 
only by a C(»iitest that has been as l)itter as the human 
passions .and ;is long continued as the ceni-uries. 

Ilunnin pi'ogi'ess is only possibu' with human lib- 
erty. You chain a nnuTs hands and you chain his heart 
and brain. It has heen fre(|nently ashed how it w;is 
possible foi- this I'epuUic to make the advancement in a 
liundred vears that other mitions h:,ve failed to reich in 
centui'ies. The answer is, because this government be- 
lieved in the ])i inciple that before na:ions nuide citizens. 



I'lONEERS AND OLD SETTLERS ASSOCIATION. 337 

H great nature iiad made men; men free to act plan an 
think for tliemselves. 

A¥hen the leaders of the revolution were canvassing 
the advisability of issuing the declaration of independ- 
ence. Tom f*ajne said: ''Tliat under tlie priuciples of 
the government, resting upon the will of the people, 
there would spring forth upon this continent, an em- 
pire that would stretch frum sea to sea, and whose 
j^uwer and influence would be felt world wide, and 
whose civilization woukl be reflected wherever the 
liearts of men throbbed with the love of justice, lib- 
erty and law.'' It was a prophecy, to be sure, but it 
came true. Then was lit tlie great beacon light of 
progress, that wms tu light, and guide, and direct hu- 
manity in the Solution or tiiat most diflicult pi'oblem. 
■\ govei'iiment, for and th rough the people. The con- 
test was long and bitter, l)ut tiie progress has been sure. 

A Conflict that was to test our form of government 
in the great crucible of conflict; a contest that was to 
[)e(»pk' our soil with thousands of graves, whose occu- 
pant- hail given ail, that the light of liberty and pi'og- 
ressshonni not go out, and that the love of human 
rights ••-houki at la?t bear down all opposition. W'e 
have not yet I'eached that p(jint, but have made 
wonderfiii ad vai.ci-ment in that direction. 

\\\- are fi'upKiitly told that American advance- 
menf ami .American j)rogie?s is a myth, guided and 
<liieeU(i U\ baO uiau and luid mo-tives, in which hiiniau 
i-ighi.- are l«ic,c sight of; biit be not deceived — true there 
an- auu es. Ait n ;ire ii(,)L periect, neitiier ai'e govein- 
mt nt^. but tiie pmposes of oiii' people are right; sonie- 
tnio |)a?siou and piejudice may ciog the great wheels 
il |)i"gi"e.-s, btit in tlie end all will be well. From the 
t) ' nuaiis ctrried tneii' eagles over the world to 

ti. . iiir l^.ngli.-h King (.7eorge, there btalkfd 

;t:' 'u a griiii sjiecife of war. ui famine, of slavery and 
<d ill.-,, (Ill the w.n-hi was drenched and re-drenched 
■^' . •• ;:;Hi with the biood of starvino- and miij-dcied 



8H8 Warner's history of Dakota county. 

millions. But tlironu-h it all thtTe still lived that love 
ofliinnan lil)orty, tliiit wa-at Inst destined to be refiected 
ill the Auiei'ieini ivjiiiltlie. 

Not ill one direction only have we seen the advanee- 
nieiit of the wheels of jirooress. hut in everything that 
adds to or contributes lo the happiness or comfort of 
man. In the in<liistrial and intellectual worlds tiie peo- 
|ile have kept pace with the centuries, and umler the 
impulse <»f American ueiiins the great piiwers of elec- 
tricity and sream have \vr(»noht a re\-oliitioii in the com- 
mercial and industrial world. 

()ur ci\ili/.;ition has e\tende<l to the furthermost 
parts of the earth and the history of (Uir progress lias 
stirred the hearts wherever intelligence and enterprise 
is known aiul I'espected by men. I)o not nndei-stand 
me to say that our government is yet perfect, but the 
great wheels of progress are turning the I'ight direction. 

Lincoln signed but one page of tlie emancipation 
of ineii;tliere is another yet to sign, and soon, and when 
that is signed it will take out of the cotton mills and 
coal mines of the east, thousands of little chiidren and 
feed and clothe and school them. Then will never be 
heard the tramj), tramp, tramp of armies of men out of 
work. Then it will not be necessary to settle disputes 
between em plover and employee by gunpowder and steel. 
Then will be taken from the streets of our cities tlie 
thousands of young women and gir's driven there by 
the want of bread. Then shall be declared that Divine 
law, that man is a man, entitled to the rights of meiu 
freed from the iron grasp of king, maii-stealer and mo- 
nopolist. 

Ceaseless growth means ceaseless e)nancipations 
and the chorus that Lincoln lieard in the guns of Fort 
Sumpter and the Wilderness, plays on, and one by one 
the cry of the imprisoned and the iinprisoner blend into 
the strains of a widening freedom, and the wheels of 
progi-ess will roll on until every question hetvveen man 
and man will be considered a question of moral economy.. 



I'lONEERS AND OLD SETTLKKS ASSOCIATION. 339 

till one man will not l)e allowed to offer charity where 
he offers justice. But the other day the news was flashed 
over the sea that even aristocratic England had declared 
in favor of home i-nle for old Ireland. Yes, the light of 
human liberty and progress is still shining on land and 
sea. Let ns hope that its light may never grow dim, 
but let it light poor humanity "until the great chorus 
will roll round the' entire earth. "Peace on earth, good 
will towards men."' 



The following was written by Dr. G. W. Wilkin- 
son (»n 

"the early settlers of dakota county." 
"Mb. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: — 

To do justice to the early settlers of Dakota county 
as I view them, to tell of their good qualities as I have 
known them, to set them before the world as I have seen 
them, to re-count their heroic deeds in the army and 
their noble deeds at home, would require not five 
minutes, but days; not a short paper like this, but a 
1>ook. 

The early settlers of Dakota county came here 
from almost every state in the Union, from the Do- 
!ninion of Canada, and from every country of Europe. 
They jostled down together, rounded off each others 
square corners, copied eacli others good qualities, drank 
water out of the same tin dipper, drank sometliing else 
out of the same jug, faced the same blizzards, cussed 
the same grasslioppers, shared the last ten pounds of 
corn meal, divided the last pecic of potatoes, until they 
came to be l)ound together by ties that can never be 
broken in this life, more like brothers than neighbors, 
and became knit together into the best and the most 
harmonious community in the state of Nebraska. 

I wish I had hours of time in which to tell you of 
the surpassing excellence of character of the individuals 
of the early settlers but that is impossible. 1 hope and 



o4<* Warner's history of Dakota county. 

lielie\e that the coming race of men and women of Da 
kota L-ounty will be an honor to the state and to Imman- 
ity. The best I can wish for them is that they may \>v 
an honor to their parents, the early settlers. And I pre- 
dict that these young men and maidens lifty years from 
now, when tlieir hair is grown gVay and their eyes ai'e 
grown dim, will gratefully remember, the early settler,- 
(it Dakota county, and say, we nether shall see their like 
again. _ . 

Already the people of Dakota county ai-e beginning 
to I'ererence the memory of VVm. McBeath, of Daniel 
Duggan. of Col. Warner, of Jas. Stott, of John How- 
ard, of John Heit'ernan, of John Maun, of Goodwin 
Taylor, of John Ryan, and scores of others who have 
^(»ne before. 

And of the early settlers who are still living, whar 
-hall we sa\ ? To look into their faces, to take them by 
liie hand, to lieai' tlieir cordial trreetincr, to breathe the 
;:tniosphere of tlieir honest welcomes of each other and 
ol one and all, is a tiaie inspiration. They are worthy 
:-ons of a noble state. To name them would take all 
I ay. They are all about you here. You can't go amis^. 
That man at your elbow is one of them. When these 
( hiidren come to lo(d\ Icick thi'ough the golden haze of 
fifty years they will appreciate the true worth of these, 
(lod's noblemen. 

])Ut if we sav so much of the men of the early 
^ettlers, \\hat can we s;iy ot the women r They shared 
onr hardest lot without complaining. Oiir privations 
'\cre here only in gi-eater deuree. If we iiad but tlnee 
I dtaldts ibr dinne!'. she ate but one. ISlie has siuiinn.'red 
:iii(l winteied us all liiese ytai's. 8he has siimotlicd oui- 
^uiula\- shirts, and our rufHed temper. They sewed on 
t 111' buttons ..nd spanived our babies and boiled our po- 
i;it<ies, and now ami then, when occasion re(juired it, .-he 
gave us a ju't ce of iiei' mind, and told us lot^ of truth 
;diout us, and. it did us good. And then siie took np 
the burd"n of lite iigain, patiently toiling, burdene.l 



I'lONEEKS AND OLD SEITLEKS A.SSOCIATloN. ;j41 

witii cares and anxieties we could not share; with 
Cliristian spirit she led her children and us in the het- 
ter way. Time's footprints are putting wrinkles on her 
hrow. The frosts of many winters are gathering on her 
head. But to us she- seems more beautiful than eve;-, 
(lod hless hei". 

The early settlers are the crowning glory of Dakw , 
county and Dakota county is the crowning glory of Ihi - 
the lie.-t state of all this glorion-s American land. On., 
early settlers are the best pioneers of the whole woild 
Their wives ai-e a little better than the men. Our yoiin:: 
men are the most promising of all anfl our young womc;! 
have promised to marry them, ov will when rliey -aw 
asked to, our children ai'e tJie brightest and our bai)ie> 
a,re the sweetest, our apples are ihe biggest and our 
cherries are the reddest, our corn is the tallest and oui 
soil is the richest of any in this big round world. Ami 
away down in the bv-ttom c.f our hearts we do pity pim- 
ple who don't live in Dakota county." 

The followin>j^ officers were elected loi- the cnsiii:ii^ 
year: John Naffziger. President; 1). C. Dib!)le. X'w ■ 
Pi-esident; M. M. Warner, Secretary and Historian: 
Thomas Ashford. Sr., Treasurer; Atlee Hart, Cmiih' 
s|)ondiiig Secretary; Sam A. Combs, Joiiy T. Spencc.i- 
nnd Gerald IJillon, jMemoiial Comniittee. 



TWELFTH ANNUAL KKIWIOX. 



The association hehl theii- twelfth annual leniiiun 
■nn tlie beautiful shoi'es of Crystal lake, aiKiut midway 
between South Sioux City and Dakota City, on Thurs- 
day. Auirust ;-51. 18<J3. At l():;iO the president, Jolm 
Nafiziger, called the vast assemblaue to ordei". which 
■was estinnited to iia\'e been about 5,000. V. A. Roli'n 
L-on offered up a pi-ajer suitable for the occasion, aftej 



34:2 WARNEK S mSTOKV OF DAKOTA C0I:NTY. 

which the president delivered the usual address of wel- 
come. He recalled the fact that thirty-eight years a<j;u 
Jesse Wigle nuule the iii'st penuaiient settlciueut in Da- 
kota county. He recalled the ])rivations and sufterings 
of 1856-7; remenihered Father Tracey and his H'ish col- 
ony, that had camped on the very grounds where the 
children and grand cliiidren of the colonist> were now 
assembled to pay tribute to those who . had lain the 
foundations upon which ihe present piosperity of the 
county has been built. The men who camped on the 
lake thirty jears ago were youths or men in the prime 
of life. They revisit its sliores and there are luany 
feeble among them and many gray. But they came to 
Crystal lake upon a great mission thirty years figo. 
They came to found homes and they founded them. 
His address touched the heart of every pioueer who 
heard him because they knew he was talking from 
actual experiences, having shared alike with thejn the 
trials and privations of early times. 

Sam A. Coml)s, chairman of the memorial com- 
mittee reported twenty-six deaths during the yeai*. 
among whom were: Peter Carney, Mrs. Di-.E. J. Deljell. 
John M. Moan, John Sohn. Mrs. O. H. Lake, Abraham 
Drake, Jamos T. McHenry, W. I. Broyhill, Mrs. Gus- 
tave Berger, George Franulin Wood, Col. C. C. Orr. 
Mrs. Peter Rooney, Jesse Wigle, Mrs. Thos. C. Clapp. 
Mrs. Flora Whittecar, William Cullen, Mrs. Carl 
Larsen and Mrs. Jeanette Armour. 

John T. Spencer of the memorial committee made 
some very appropriate remarks on the lives of those 
who had departed to the silent land during the past 
year. 

Mell C. Jay then responded to the toast; ''Eulogy 
to the Pioneers." 

Remarks were made by Dennis Aruiour, Ed. T. 
Kearney and Isaac Pendleton. Following is a beautiful 
poein composed and read on thisoccasion by Mr.Kearney 
in opening his address: 



PIONEERS AND OLD SETTLERS ASSOCIATION. 34^ 

UAIL PIONEER! 

Kail Pioneer— through the woodland — glad resounding, 
Come the shouts of joy and glee; 
Banners waiving, mirth abounding. 
Causing -sorrow grim to flee. 

Once a year— the scences repeated, 

While the autumn still is young. 
And thou- oh, Pioneer - who in these sylvan shades 
Didst first Dame Nature battle give, lirst rudely mar 
The foi'ests grim repose - carving from out her rugged trunks* 
A lowly, happy home -aye, upon her bosom, wildly fair. 
Made there thy haven and thy rest. 
Hail, J^ioneer— nor deem it wrong, 
When the autumn with the ripened stores comes tripping 

o"er the hills, 
With its garnered fruits and grains; 
Ilail thou -oh, sturdy I'ioneer— who when thy years were 

young, 
Thy strength and vigor, zeal and nerve, against Dame Na 

ture flung. 
Unfair seemed then the conflict, as a gnat against lion strong 
But (iod was Willi tlie I'ioneer, to Him the thanks belong. 
Full long thy arduous labor— full sore thy grievous pain, 
Init now the victory's won -thy toil hath beautifled the 

I laiiis: 
bor age thy praises will be sung, thy name held ever dear, 
Long mayest thou live, and dying find sweet peace -oh 
I'ioneer 



Officers wei'o chosen t'oi- the ensuing year as fol- 
lows: John \X . Ilazleorove, I'resideiit; Capt. Cornelius 
< )"('(iiiiioi', y\('e President; John T. Spencei-, Seoretai-y; 
M. M. NVnincr. II istorian ; Thos. Ashfonl, Sr., Treasurer; 
\^'illi;nii P. Warner. ( 'ofrespondincr Secretary; A. II. 
IJakcr, l'"inancial Seci'otary; ISam A. Coiiilts, John T. 
Spencer and (Jcrahi Dillon. Menh)rial ("onimittee. It 
was decided to hold the next annual reunion at Dakota 
Oiry, in Clinion Park, Thiuvday, Aug. 1(), 18'.J4:. 



ANECDOTES. 



CHAPTER XIX 



Pioneers' ''Experience Meeting. "—Stories of Ye 
Olden Times. 



liKLoNiiHI) TO 'I'HE (JOTNTY. 

A. IJ. Baker told the following: It was in 1857. 
when two strangers coming from the steamboat landing 
at Dakota City found a J$20 gold piece. Both saw it at 
tlie same insrant. but of course only one of them could 
pick it up, and the fellow that got left appealed the case 
to Cliauncy A. Horr, Probate Judge. His Honor, with 
all the dignity of a judge, agked the man to let him sec 
the gold coin, wiiereupon he slipped it down into his 
pantciloou pocket, witli the remark that "this belongs to 
the t-ountv." and proceeded !o adjourn court. 



)KiKs OF YE uj>ij::n times. 



TO PRESERVE FARM LANDS. 

Col. Baniabus Bates came forward and stated tliat 
away back in tlie '50s udien every man that came to the 
county thono^ht he was ordained to be the founder of 
soiue mighty city, it began to look as if the whole Mis- 
souri bottom would be laid off into town sites, and in 
order to protect the agricultural interests he introduced 
;i bill in tlie Territorial Council, while a member of that 
l)ody, which ^-reserved every tenth eection for farming 
purposes." 



DISTURBING THE PEACE. 

Charles Reom married Dr. Crockwell's hired giri 
at Dakota City, and of course the boys — (now ^vay 
iiaired pioneers,) gave him a charivari. One of the 
guests told Reom to take a cow bell and go out and 
iieip the boys — but he liad only begun, when he was 
arrested for disturbing the peace and lockeil up for the 
lught in jail. 



DEDICATION. 

Wm.Cheeney tells about the dedication of tlielir.-.r 
saloon of Dakota City. The Omadi boys were invited 
up to manage the ceremonies, and James Dickey, Charlev 
Kelly. Charley Morse, Robert Alexander, and others of 
iliiit town met at the Dakota City saloon and with much 
delii)eration and solemn speeches dedicated it under the 
nnme of the "Calf's Tail." 



WAS THE RIVER SAFE? 

"Once upon a time" before the advent of the rail- 
inndstu Dakota ('ity Mai-cellus Ream took two stranger. 



^46 Warner's histokv of Dakota coiN'rv. 

over to Covington with hi? team, for wliich they were 
to pay him $2.50. When they reached the river hank, 
it was just gettins: dark, and Mr. Iveam remarked that 
as it had been so warm that day the river was prohably 
unsafe, wlierenpon the strangeis volunteei-ed to go down 
and see if the river was safe — which was the last he 
eve'" saw of the men or tlie n^2.50, that they wei'e to 
pay him, and to this day JVlarcellus wonders if the river 
M'as really safe. 



A MILL SITE. 

In eaily times Dr. Crookweil located in Sergeants 
Blnff, Iowa, and tiitd to liocini that ])lHce by extensively 
advertising it as an e,\ti;,<ii(li!,aiy mill site. One night 
a Jjarty arrived thtre 1o look njt n location for a mill, 
and the next mornin;^ incjnintl ot Uroekwell where the 
mill site wai- — *'l ]> theie. t;eiit U men." he replied, pt)int- 
ing to the to]) ot the high bmlit-. "tlieie is one of the 
finest mill sites in the world — theie is always wind 
enough np there to I'lin any kind of a mill." 



GEOROE'S LITTLE HAY STACK. 

One time in the fall of 18*)^ Samuel AVhitelioi ii 
had just completed puttiiiu np a lonii' stack" of hay at 
Dakota City, and his little son (leoige imagined that. 
he was a tai-mer and pi-oceeded to gatliei- up the loose 
hay aroinul the stack and built one of hi^ own on a 
smaller scale. i\fter he had tinished his stack, tho 
idea dawned unon his mind that it would make an ex- 
cellent bon-tire — but his fatlu^V great siaclc, where. O, 
wl)ere was it — go ask of the tlames that devoured it. 



IT WAS A 15 1(! SPREE. 

In 1857 Omadi's leadinu' lights notilied all the 



;'i()Kii-:s or ^k of.dkn 



34- 



ruwii citizens tliat the credit and stability of the place 
depended on its diinkiii<;- (jnalities — and sent notices 
out tliit K\KKy man in town had to i^et dniuk. This 
w.is olorions news to nine-tenths of them, bui: tiie 
others i-esisied, wheieiipon ''the boys proccedtd 
to catch them and poui-ed tiie whiskey into tl eir 
mouths with a funnel; one old man was forced to 
drink two l)ottlef of castor o"l in lieu of whiskey; Hen- 
ry ileam --stood them all off," and said, '-gentlemen I 
am not going- to driid<, and now if you want anything 
more, just come along;'" but they did not want to tackle 
his tigiiting qualities,' and then went to the hotels and 
poured whiskey in all the dishes, in the sugar bowls 
and over the butter. 



FOUND LO'l'.s OF FENCES. 

John I!ay started fi-om Julius Floeder's snloon one 
nigh.t to go down to the liates House, in Dakota City. 
His steps were not as steady as they might have l)eeii 
and instead of goiug down liroadway he went to the 
middle of the block iioi-th ot tiiat street, and then, sup- 
posing that he was on the light sti'eet, he proceeded to- 
war(U the hotel, climbing o\er fence after fence. The 
next morning, looking up the sti'cet he inijuii'ed of the 
laiidl(jrd "where in thunder are all t!io,-e fences that 1 
climbed over la^t nij^ht while 1 was ctmiing down Ib'oad- 
wa > :"' 



NEWSl'Al'KK IJl i;iAI.. 

-•Turn backwaid. turn backwai'd tlie ^ide (d' the 
years'' until we gi't a glimpse td' tiic (»iice rlouri^lllng• 
town ot ()m;uli, wliicli stood where tin' turbulent water.-. 
<.f rlie Old iMmhly to.hiy "r<.ll down waid to the sea." 
The town was located jiImiuI hvc miles south of Dakota 
( it\ on the banks of the ii\er, ano in .luiy. 1>>'"1, Geo. 



34:8 VVAKNKk's lliSTOKV OF DAKolA CuLMlV. 

W. Jiust estaMislied the :)iiiadi ExTKRiM-eisK. whicii was 
the tirst newspaper ever printed in tlie c-ouiity. In 
1858 tlie paper was suld to Griffin ik Tatte and dieii a 
•'natural death" the same year. Col. J3. iiates, one o. 
our oldest pioneers, tells tlie following- story in connec- 
tion with the sad fate of theENTEiiFiiiSKand iiuw jjimlc- 
ful citizens honored it withalittini;-and becoming funeral: 
"•After the last issue had l)eeii published and the sad 
news heralded over tlie conntry mat the paper was dead, 
forever dead, a number of men from Umadi gathei-ed 
together all the copies of the ENrEKPKisE that coulJ be 
found and proceeded to give the poor dead paper one oi 
the most imposing funerals ever since given u> a nev.>- 
paper. The funeral train started north uai'd liom On,- 
adi. chanting a sad and solemn funeral dirge. As ox- 
en were very scarce in those days and horses scarcely 
ever seen, it is supposed that the pall-bearers strappe.i 
the corpse upon ilieir backs. When they reached the 
place now owned by W. P. Alteinns the p,dl-beai'ei-s 
'••struck" for a rest, and then and there the ide.i 
dawned upon their minds that they had gone far enoiti^ii 
out of town to lay out a cemetery. Some one was chos- 
en as sexton, wno a^ oacj Odga.i co dig tiie gravj. Af- 
ter it was completed tlie pall- bearers walked up auvl 
gently and tenderly laid the last remains of the O.iiaa. 
KjsiTEKPiiiSE in its eternal resting place. And ^nch a fu- 
neral sermon as was there deli\eied has probably uev. i- 
been equaled to the preoent time for its elo(juence and 
solemnit}'. Then they cnanted a beautiful requium and 
the soft and gentle btrains were wafted on until they 
died away in the wild dense timber. Alxnit Lhia i.iiu 
the pali-oearers snowed signs of uncasiuj^.- and iatigue 
and one ot' them remarked that •it was getting to be a 
long time between drinks,' and proceeded to make a 
motion that the coat/reiiation-was yettincr to be e.\('ee<l- 
ingly dry. The motion cari-ied with a •hip-hurrah.'' 1 hen 
was enacted a genuine liull Itun upon the primeval 
prairies ot Dakota county. It was a run for the -'Ualf 



STOKIKS OF YK Ol.DEN TIMKS. 349 

r.iii."' a t^alooii whicli was situated in the soutli-eastern 
part of Dakota City. The pall- bearers, preacher and all 
iorojot the dignity of their positions and got 'gloriously 
drunk,' vvdiich was, as they termed it, an appropi-iate and 
fitting token in commemoration of the death of the 
Entekprisk. 



TOWN STAKES. 

Amos Lan^pson said one day in the summer of 1857 
when nearly all of Dakota county had heen laid off in- 
to town lots he went down to the river to see a steam- 
boat land. On board the steamer was Frank West, 
•'about full' as usual. West staggered up to Captain 
Wyhind and told him that he was a fool for hauling 
passengers and freight up to this country. The Capt. 
asked him what he would carry if he did not bring 
passengers and freight. "Why," replied West, "you 
could make your fortune hauling up town stakes." 



FISH STORY. 



In 1S50 Henry Ream, Col. Warner, Wm. Silence, 
Ziber Millage and Rev. Munhall dragged Blyburg 
lake wirh a seine and on the first haul caught enough 
fish to fill three wagon beds level full. This is a true 
fish stoi'v. 



LOi ATINC A ROAD. 



It was away back in the '50's when A. II. Baker, 
Samuel Gamble and John J. Trecy were county com- 
niissioiieis, and this MUgust body used to sit upon high 
benches, look a.s wise as sages, and locate a road in the 
•■twinkling of an eye." It was sometini'^ along in these 
vt■a^^ that thi- load from St. Johns down along the 



:^")0 WAKNEk's HIsroKV OK DAKOTA COLWIV. 

lilnlfs came up for coiisicleratiuii and hel'oix' you t'oul! 
say "jack-rabbit''' tlie Honorable county coniuiisr-ionei-,-- 
attached their ii)inioi-t:il names to t!ie important dccu- 
ment. which runs soniething simihii- to this: 

"Commencing in the centre of St. Peters and 14th streets, 
of St. Johns; thence south along 14th street to tlie place where 
Gerald Dillon upset with a load of hay: thence south to tlic 
right bank of Elk Creek, in a bend where Jos. IJrannan sliol 
three ducks; thence south to foot of bluffs where Mike Jjcaconi 
got stuck in the mud with a load of sand; thence to a stake: 
thence south along section lines between sections 13 and 14. 
township 28, range 7 east, to one-fourth col'ner; thence sontli 
to Pigeon Creek to stake on right bank where there is a l)ig 
bunch of grass; thence south to a line stone 18x14 inches, op- 
posite E. (t. Lampson's house; thence south along the bluffs 
till you come to a cottonwood tree twenty inches in diameter, 
on right bank of creek where Col. Bates killed a crow; thence 
southeast along Wm. Silence's corn field till it strikes Ziber 
tillage's lower pig pen and rebounds a trifle to the east when 
in strikes the corner of Col. Haird's garden, where he used to 
throw all of his empty bottles; thence along the bluffs to 
C>maha Creek; (where Uomer now stands) thence east across 
said creek to the spot where Thomas Smith camped; thence in 
a southeasterly direction up a long ridge back of lienry Ream's 
place, to a high point on the bluffs,- (the identical .bluff on 
which the Homer celebration floated its flag pole so many 
years afterward;) thence directly east down a sharp pitch and 
then whoop 'em up a rugged point to the southward; thence 
in a winding southeast direction up hill and down hill and 
then up hill and down hill again until your horses are about 
tugged out, when you come to a stake on Platte River and 
Running Water military road, on bluff's south of Henry Pil- 
grim s house, from which a burr oak tree fifteen inches in di- 
ameter bears S, 81; E, 1," 37, and containing three notches on 

A. D., 1859, by M. D. 
xon, A. I'richaid. 
James W. \'iitTtK, 

County Clerk. 
This I'oad is now known as the road from Jackson 



west 




Surveyed Octobei 


21, 22 and 24, 


Jeffers, surveyor. Cli, 


linnien, Wm. >,' 



STOKTKS OF VE OLDKN TlMEi^. 351 

to IloiiuT rla Vo\. Baird's and from Homer it run along 
tlie In'oli ridge of the bluffs back of Henry Ream's, Thos. 
Ashtoid s and Capt. O'Connor's farins,to military road. 
(Ill bluffs south of the old Col Warner place. The bunch 
of gi-as.s. stumps, bottles, trees, corn fields and pig pens 
liave long since passed away but the road is "still there.'* 



(iEOlUJE L. BO^LS, JR., TELLS A STORY. 

It was the 22nd day of April, 1856, wheiu George L. 
Inuds, jr., plodded along through the mud and brush 
Irdui the river to Dakota City, with his parents. They 
1 cached Dakota City and to their astonishment it con- 
tained all of one solitary house — and that was a bach- 
eh)i-\s hall witli Ben. F. Chambers, John McQuilkin 
and Wm. Adair as chief cooks. Here they remained 
tliat night and George had always been used to a good 
warm bed. "but" he says, "their beds consisted of poles 
laid around a fire and back of this was thrown on the 
ground «ome slough grass." The next morning he 
was awakened by the clash of frying pans, etc., and for 
the fiiv~t time in his life he saw inen doing the cooking. 
llcstai-fed with his parents for his Uncle George's 
claim, an<l when they got there a man was sitting by 
the h're drying his socks. As Mrs. Hannah J. Jjoals 
stepped into the log cabin the man was struck with 
terror and ran out of the house and disappeared in Boals' 
gi-ov(\ She M'as the first white woman he had seen in 
the county. ;in(l in fact, the (tidy woman in the north- 
ern part of tlip county at that time. That winter all 
the f5oals' of Dakota county crowded into that log cai)- 
iii (tliev couldn't do it now), and ouf morning, after 
a, cold and stoi'my night, they thought the king of day 
was a long time getting around with his light. P'itial- 
ly. they saw a i-ay of light coming tln'ongh a iiail hole in 
the roof and on fui'ther examination if was discovered 
that the entire cabin was envelojjcd in a gieat mass of 



352 warnek's histuky of Dakota county. 

snow. A liole ',vai< cut thioiigli the roof and a luaii 
was sent out to dig a tunnel tlirougli the snow to the 
door. This is one thing that (Jeorge will ne\tr IVu'Met. 



HENRY SIIVLL'S STORY. 

After the ''break np" in the spring following theeold 
and stormy winter of '56 and '57, all streams were Hood- 
ed, including the Missouri river, which bi'oke ov^r the 
banks near old St. Johns and rushed down along tho 
bluffs. The Shull Brothers spent the winter on Fid- 
dlers creek, and hauled their provisions most of the 
time on a hand sled from old Omadi. They lived on 
the old David Shull place. One spring morning Hen- 
ry and Samuel Shull left their honie to go to Omadi 
for a load of lumber and provisions, and just as they 
had crossed the bridge ovei- "'the lake," which stood 
somewhere in the vicinity of the fork of Elk and Pigeon 
creeks, it went down the stream, they narrowly escaping 
n watery grave. Samuel got on a log and recrossed the 
flooded stieam, and retni-ned to help his friends over 
there. Tliey at once commenced to build beats so as 
to be prepared to escape should the watei- coi'tin\ie to 
rise. In tlie mean time Henrv. a boy of only fifteen 
years c.f age, proceeded on up b'iddiei-s creek with his 
load. It was, indeed, a lonesojiie joni-ney for a yi^'ung 
man. He had taken his boots off while wading in tlir 
water to get across the creeks, and now they had sh)-ank 
np so he could not get tnem on again. Then he had [(>■ 
wade on through the snow and ice in his stockini,' ftet. 
when he got to the north foi'k of Fiddlers ei-eek. neai- 
the farm now owned by B. Gi'ibble he got stuck in tho 
mud and had to carry the entire load of goods to tlu- 
other side of the creek. By this time it was getting 
dark and he was nearly chilled to death. When jio 
finally drove up to iiis home he was so cold that lu- 
eould not unhitch the team and barely managed to 1«- 



ITORII^S OF YK OI.DKN 



358 



al)l(' to walk into the house. Fortunately thei-e was 
some lire in the '*fire place'' and he rolled on some 
wood and thus saved himself from perishing. The 
next day he went down to the hill tops on the Louis 
Blessing place to see if he could discover any of his 
friends, hut all he could see was a great sea of water 
(tver the Missouri bottom. For a whole week he re- 
mained at his lonely home on Fiddlers creek, the 
sole inhabitant fi-om there to the Eocky mountains. 
Fvery day he would go down to the Blessing place to 
see if any one was coming, but each time he w^as disap- 
pointed, until the next Sunday morning, when to his 
joy and delight his brothers, Samuel and Solomon, suc- 
ceeded in crossing the raging waters, and found him in 
ids solitary quarters. 



HAT STORY. 



In early times Wm. Cheney, Dr, G. W.Wilkinson. 
A. 11. Baker and others lived in Omadi. One day John 
Snyder came up from his brush home in Blyburg and 
ihese gentlemen and otiiers played a good joke on him. 
The men all circled around a table on which was placed 
a hat. At a given signal all were to dive their fore 
lingers into the hat, and the last one in was to treat the 
crowd. John got right close to the hat and was positive 
that he would not have to do the treating. The signal 
was given and down went John's finger into the hat, 
while the others jumped back the other way and won 
the treat on him, as he was the first and last to put his 
tinger in the hat. 



HEADLESS INDIAN. 



When Father Jermiah Trecy came to the county 
]r' WM8 accompanied l)y Adam Henners. They camped 



854 



WAliN Kli 



ol.'e uijjlit iit'hi' v\l;fie lea Gii)\e, Iow,*i. is 'Wow located. 
Fatliei- Trecy was building the camp-fire while Jk'iineis 
went upon the hillside to gather up some wood, lie 
had not gone far when he discovered an Indian sittiniz; 
up by a large tree. He hailed the Indian and called in 
vain to attract his attention. Finally he mustered up 
courage to go and touch him, when hi^^ head rolled ott 
and down the hill. The Indian was probably killed i)y 
some hunters and atter cutting his lieaci off had set it 
on again in this manner. Benners was so frightened 
that he rushed down tlie hill and right into Father 
Trecy's cauip-tire and litterally stamped it out. '-Hey I 
Hey!" cried Father Trecy, '"what is the matter^' "We 
will all be killed," he replied, 'T found an Indian up 
there and his head came off." ''Well," retorted Father 
Trecy, ''How can lieadless Indians harm us — get out of 
my camp-firel" 



HUNTING FOR PONCA. 



Ill pioneer times Rev. H. W. Kulins, of Omaha, 
was sent to preach the gospel to the inhabitants of 
Ponca, wa)rd liaving been sent out tliat it was a 
flourishing town, in those days ministers traveled 
horseback and carried their blankets with them and 
hauled up (»n the wild prairies wherever night over- 
took them. He was tohl tliat Ponca was about tweniy 
miles north-west of Dakota City and he expected to 
make it before night. Put he traveled on, darkness 
overtook him. There was no one to be found to in- 
quire as to the whereabouts of the town, so he tied his 
horse to a post that stood by the roadside. He spread 
his blankets on the ground and went into "quarters"* 
for the night. The ne.xt morning he noticed a .-igo 
buard on the top of the post, and got up and read:. 

^•TlUS IS PoJSOA." 



STORIES OF VE OI.DEN TIMES. 855 

TAKIN(i THE CENSUS. 

It will be reMiembered that Elbridge G. Lanipson 
was appointed to take the lirst census of Dakota county, 
but he died before the work was completed. James W. 
Virtue and others proceeded to finisli it by going downi 
to the old Bates House in Dakota City and copied all 
tlie names that had ever been written in the hotel regis- 
ter, including visitors, steamboat men and negro deck 
liands. They believed in making a big showing in 
population. 



TOO MUCH WHISKEY, 



Years ago there was an old building on the lot 
now occupied by Marcelhis Ream, in Dakota City, where 
a crowd of pioneer bachelors lived. One morning Col. 
Bates' happened over there and they invited him to 
t)i'eakfast, v\'liich consisted of a large dish pan full of 
whiskey with a few doughnuts swimming around in it. 
Re saw a storebiil from one of the merchants which 
read about like this: "Five pounds of bacon, one gallon 
of whiskey, one sack corn meal, one gallon of whiskey, 
salt, one gallon of whiskey, pepper, one gallon ot whiskey, 
three jngs of whiskey.'' 



NEGRO STORY 



A M. Ilolman, of Sergeants Bluff, Iowa, being 
requested told the following comical story, which is a 
sam})k' of how our pioneers used to "boom" their towns 
and sui'rt)\in(lini); country : "The history of the 'Negro 
Story' I consider one of considerable importance to the 
early history ot Dakota City. Tlie importance of the 
scheuie in stealing the negro bore the same relation to 
a "boom" in those days that the more modern means 
does in these times, and it shows to me that such men 



;).■")(') WAKNEk's HISTOKY op DAKOTA COl'NIV. 

a^ Col. Bates, Col. xMason. Dr. Croekuell, \V. P. IL.l- 
iiiaii, Mr. Lockwood, Col. Warner and a few others of 
our early pioneers had advanced ideas of which this 
country iiad in its possibilities, and foresaw tlie fntnre. 
And really they were 30 years in advance of the times. 
To bear me out in this, note the formation of an organ- 
ization of the Sioux City and Columbus Ry. by these 
same men nearly 30 yeai's ago, I think. Tlie time was 
not ripe for it then, but the same scheme was taken uj) 
in later years by others and successfully carried through. 
When Kountz put ins steam ferry l)oat into play between 
Dakota City and Sergeants Bluff before they had one at 
Sioux City, these two towns were the leading towns in 
the Northwest. When on the wane, these men I have 
mentioned, rallied their energies to keep alive the in- 
terests of the two towns, as so went one, went the other. 
SiouxCity was going ahead slowly. In antislavery times, in 
the winter of 1860, 1 l)elieve, after several corjf'erences 
and tlie last of which was held in father's hotel at Ser- 
geants Bluff, 1 remember the circumstance from the 
fact as a boy I came into the room during the confer- 
ence, and was at once ejected and my curiosity was very 
much aroused. I think there were eight men from Da- 
kota City, those mentioned being a part, closeted with 
my father nearly one whole afternoon. The Slavery 
(juestion and the Fugitive Slave Law engrossed and 
was the leading topic of all newspapers. To get any 
notoriety from the public press a scheme having an 
outrage perpeti'ated, involving a negro was the only 
way to make Dakota City and Sergeants Bluff take a 
prominent place in the newspapers. Uncle Bill, a 
negro who had been the servant of Gen. Harney for 
years, and with him in his Indian campaign, and whom 
my father hired in 1856; and being the only negro in 
this part of the country, had to be the victim. This 
negro was known by all the people in this as well as 
Dakota county, and being so well known and known to 
liave lived in our family tor nearly four years, to have a 



STiiRIKS OF VK (II.DKN TIMES. iioT 

sla've ou iier eume and claim him as a '••nigger'' who had 
■'recently"' run away from Ids home in Alabania was too 
transpai-ent a fraud, and evidently an attempt to take a 
free negro into slavery. Following the interview men- 
tioned, just how long I do not remember, my father. 
I'ncle Bill (Wm. Pliillips) and myself were hanlinu' 
wood from the sand bar between Dakota City and Ser 
geants Bluff. On the retnni for the last load in the 
afternoon father told me that Uncle Bill and hiniself 
would go after that load and I should have the '"ehores" 
done up. While on the bar, Dr.Crockwell and a stranger 
came up to them. Dr. Crockwell asked tiie stranger if 
that was the ''Nigger." He said it was. Then Di-. 
Crockwell, as constable, took out a warrant and lead it, 
describing Uncle Bill perfectly, claiming him as a run- 
away and arrested him. My father objeced to the |)ro- 
ceedure, claiming him to be on Iowa soil and his war- 
rant not good, being issued in Nebraska, etc., etc. 
Father gave Uncle Bill assurance that our people would 
be over and bring him safely away. Father ran his 
team home. Men were dispatched in all directions, 
and in a short time about IDO meu with guns and 
revolvers were on their way to Dakota City. Meanwhile 
the news liad gone out over there and by the time our 
people reached the Bates' house, crowds had congregated 
from that side as indignant as our folks. Speeches were 
made, etc. Dr. Crockwell representing the majesty of 
the law, claimed his prisoner must have trial etc. Cries 
were made for tlie man from Alabama; but he, one of 
the citizen?, had taken off his false whiskers and was 
mingling with the crowd. Violence would have been 
done him could he have been found. Several deputy 
constables were guarding Uncle Bill upstairs in the 
Bates' house. The demand lor Uncle Bill being re- 
fused, a rush was made for the stairs and in a few mo- 
ments men appeared with Uncle Bill and he was seized 
and tiorne on tlie shoulders of his friends to the hotel in 



:i58 wakner's histokv of Dakota corNTv. 

Sei'geaiits Bluff, wlitre nmid rejoicnig lie was the hero 
of the hour, and a iiiigbty happy negro. The paper in 
Dakota City came out in glaring headlines and devoted 
a great deal of space and hundreds of copies were sent 
all over the north. The JS'ewYork Tribnne copied with 
copious comments as did other papers. The feeling was 
so strong that the inside facts of the scheme were not 
known for years. The man from "Alabama" was a 
young man in Dakota City. He went to Omaha, doned 
false beared, put up and registered from Alabama; told 
he was looking for a valuable runaway "ISIigger," gave 
the description of Unele Bill, and was told that sucli a 
negro was in Sergeants Bluff. He then got out his 
warrant and started for Sergeants Bluff.''' 



THAT SNOW BALL. 



In early times Gerald Dillon was the Jackson 
school teacher, and on one occasion he severely chastis. 
ed William Mann, M'ho is living at Lyons, Nebrask.-i. 
Mr. Mann, like all the boys, was full of mischief, in 
those days, but he did not think he was exactly en- 
titled to a flogging, so after the close of school, he 
"laid'' for Gerald Dillon with a large icy snow ball, and 
as lie came along, let him have it right on the side of 
the head. Mr. Dillon dropped to the ground and after 
"coming to" rose to his feet and gazed around to see 
who threw the ball. But lie never found out and he is 
wanderincr to this day "M'ho in thinidci- threw that 
snow balH" 



CRADLE STORY. 



A certain prominent gentleman, who lived in Da- 
kota City in pioneer times, and who afterwards became 
a state officer, came liome one night "full" as usual. 
His wife had left the cradle in front of the door and of 



MnUli;S el- ^ K (II. 1)1- .N IIM1>. 8o-) 

cduix' lie ^t^,llll)lc(l (iNcrir. :iii(l when he cj;ot up lie 
>t;ii'fc(l I•i^•llr l):ick \\\v (i]i[)()>ite way, {ju>t like a <iniiik 
man) and went over rlit- ri'adle again. He kept this up 
nnril lie had tiiniMe<l over the cradle i'oni- times, when 
he lit a match, and eNclaimed to his hetter half: --wilV'. 
what in the world are ymi doiiiii' with all these cradhs 
ill the house:! i ha\'e tnnihled o\er four of them an! 
hei'c is another one of tiiem rioht in front of mel" 



K.MTTIN(} NEEDLK .STOIIY. 

A nunilx r of years aero one of .Iack?on"s leadino 
lights had occasion to visit Dakota City, nnd his wife 
told him to be sure to get sonu; knitting needles — "and 
not to foi-get it." The iirst tiling lie did when he got 
to Dakota City was to "fill up"' on 'vhiskey, 
tiiiie through the day. when lie would sohei 
he would reniemher his wife's order, not to 
needles, and would call at one of the stores 
supply of knitting needles, until he had ali his pocket:; 
full of packages of needles. Thus loaded down lu 
went home, to astonish liis wife with se\-eral hundiiei 
knittino' needles. 



and evei 


"V 


;ip a litt 


le 


forget tl 


le 


n.i hny 


a 



CABBAOE AXD STAKCII. 

1 ears ago tliei'e was a prominent poliriciaii living 
in the south-eastern part of 'Dakota City, and one time 
his wife told him that she was going to have cahhagc 
for dinner, as he was very fond of it. Well, hmg he- 
fore 12 o'clock Imd an-ived he was so drunk he could 
not go home for dinnei'. He sohered up sometime 
(luring that night and staggered down home, still re- 
inenihering something about the cabbage, and when 
he entered the house, he went to the cupboard and gor 
what he supposed was tlie cabbage, and ])rocee<.led to 
sample it. His wife had retired for the night but she 



360 WARNEii's HISTORY Ol' DAKOTA COUNTY. 

heavcl him chewing very hard and asked liini how jio 
liked the cabbage. "The gravy is pretty good, hut the 
cabbage is awful tough!" was his reply. His wife now 
came out to where he was and in amazement exclninied : 
••William, you are chewing my collai's and cuffs that 1 
put in a bowl of starch!" 



LARGE AND INTELLIGENT AUDIENCE. 

Rev. W. II. Kuhns the pioneer Lutheran minister 
of Dakota county was cauglit in a great blizzard at Da- 
kota City many years ago. It was Sunday and he felt 
that he must fill his appointment storm or no storm. 
When he got to the church he found C. F. Eckhart and 
J. B. Zeigler there, which constituted his congregatit>ii 
for that day, but he went on and delivered a very im- 
pressive sermon, just as though the honse was full. 
After his return to Omaha he was asked how lie got 
along at Dakota City. '-Weil," replied Mr. Ivuhns, 
''I had a very large and intelligent audience." Mi\ 
Zeigler being a very large man and Mr. Eckhart a very 
intellio^ent man corroborated him in his assertion. 



CHAPTER XX. 



Dakota 



CoTNTY Inventions and Patents. 




WILT) WE8T WIRE STRETCHER. 



rr-y H-I'*^ wire stretcher was in- 
tI- vented by Col. J. F. War- 
ner, and patented October 2, 
1888. A large number of them 
liave been fiiiished up, at Dakota 
City under the management of 
Frank Ay res. In this tool there 
is a perfect stretcher, staple ex- 
ti-iictor, and bar to run spools of 
wire off on; also, a good tamp- 
ing stick. There is no wear to 
this tool. It will out last a gen- 
eration. It draws the wire 
around corner posts just where 
it is wanted. A man can stretch 
enough more wire in a day with 
this than any other stretcher in 
use to pay the cost of it. In fact 
the labor* of stretching wire is 
nothing with this implement. 
This invention is the result of 
actual work in tlie field and the 
unsaiisfactory use of various oth- 
er stretchers. 

J. F. Warner also invented 
and received a patent for a port- 
able fence, but on account of high 
winds in this section it was not 
a success here. 




:^ 



i|ii\\ii 



INVENTIONS ANl 



3oa 



Admu Weiizel invented ii corn planter, the picture 
di' wliicli will 1)6 seen on another page. It is said to be 
a lirst-class invention and he has already been offered 
a iai-oe sum of money for it. Had Mr. Wenzel been 
a mail of capital he could have handled his patent to 
hi'tter advantiioe. As he is comparatively a poor man 
it has been slow work for him to introduce it to the 
j)ubl c sutKciently to create a demand for the planter. 

S.iinuel Slinll received a patent in 1887 for a "Self 
(Jar Coiinlei'/' which is said to be one of the best in 



Jjizerne King, son of Thomas J. King, of South 
Sioux City, on January 17. 1893 i-eceived a patent for 
:i ••(Juttiiio Machine for Mowers and Reapers." Thisis 
a I'adically new and supei'ior device. It is well kuow-n 
that sickle sections are usually riveted to the sickle bar 
permanently, and this fact' makes the grinding a task 
of i^reat labor and uncertainty, requiring considerable 
caie ;iii(l skill. Should a section be broken by accident. 
the rivets must be removed by a blacksmith. In the 
pie>-ent case, no rivetiiiy^ vvhatever is requii-ed, ar.d the 
i-ntire series of sections can be removed by the simple 
removal of some nuts and a bar. The sickle bar is 
foi'iiied with a vertical front lip, cut out at intervals 
corresponding to the sections. Each section is formed 
with >](U' recesses at a point between the shank and the 
(■lilting eilges, makiuiz; s(jmewhat a dart shape. In [)\;\c- 
iiig the.-e ^e(•ti(^n^, iherpfore, the recesses engau;e the 
vi'i'tical projections of the l)ar. and it ouly lemains t(t 
lay on the top bar and bolt it down tiat on the shanks 
t,) secure the sections. i>y this arrangement each sec- 
tion eaii be reiiiovt'd and separately ground, insni'ing a 
biltir edge at far less trouble and time. This is an 
emiiu'iirly piactical in\ention that presents decided ad- 
\ aiitages. 

(reoinc iMii.xwcll invented a niowint; ma(diine,but he 



;i()4 Warner's histokv of dakota cointy. 

(lid not have tlie means to ^et it properly l>efore the 
people and thus far he lias not realized anything from 
it, although mechanics claim it is a first class machine. 

There have been numerous other inventions l)y Da- 
kota county people, but we have been unal)le to learn 
enough facts in regard to them to give them further 
notice. 




CHAPTER XXI. 

MlSCELLANKOT^S— Cor:NTY SeAT FKtHT — F^LKCTION 

OF 18V)8, Etc. 

COUNTY SFAT FKillT. 

During the summer of 1891 a petition was circii- 

liitetl asking- that an election be called to vote u|)(»n the 

(|ne?tion of the removal of the county seat from Dakota 

City. After i-eceivino- the required number of signers 

the election was called aiid held on Septembei- 10. 

1891. The vote on the question stood as follows: 

Total vote 1202. South Sioux City. 000; Dakota 

City 250; Jackson. 327; Hubbard, 21; Homer 4. 

The \'ote exhibited in a most favorable manner, Soutii 

Si<')ux City's strength in the fight, but it was necessai-y 

for her to receive three-lifths of all the votes cast, and 

according- to law another election was called. The 

second election was held on the 15th day of October of 

the same year, with the following result. Total vote 

1220; South Sioux City^ 822;' Dakota City, 3U8. 

This vote was sufficient to declai'c South Sioux Citv 

the county seat, but pi-evious to this the Dakota City 

jieople commenced a suit in the disti'ict court attacking 

the validity of the oi'iginal petition on which the 

election was called. As soon as it was made known 

that South Sioux City had the requisite numl)er of 

votes, ai) injunction was secured restraining the i-e- 

moval of the records during the pendency of the suit. 

On Decembei" 2, Judge Noi-ris rendered his decision 

sustainiiii;- the validity of the jetition 

]>r.t Dakota City was despei'ate in hei- efforts to iH-tain 



866 WAItNKlt's HISTdKV OF DAKOl'A COUNTY. 

the sent of govei-niiient Jiiul as soon as Jiultre Noi-ris" 
decision was rendered they had secnred a restiainiiju 
order from the supreme court and the records remaint'd 
at Dakota City. On the 17th of March, 1892, the su- 
preme court delierved a decision, i-eversing the decision 
of tlie district court on the validity of the CDunry s^at 
petition. In the mean time South Sioux City liad 
kept faith and delivered every promise in the iiolir. 
A handsome new court house had been consti-iK-fed 
at a cost of -|18.000, which, but for the ruling of a 
court of last i-esort, would now be the property of tiie 
county, free of any cost to the tax pavers outside of 
South Sioux City. This ended the tii^Iit. Durin:^^ tlie 
latter part of 1892 anotlier petitiou was circulated, bn.t 
for prudent reasons it was never presented for action. 



GENERAL ELECTION OF 18!):',. 

At the general election held in Dakota count v. on 
Tuesday, Novemi)er 7, 1893. the following county 
officers were elected: P'rank Davey, treasurer; 1). i . 
Meft'ernan, Judge; T. V. Brannan, clerk; W. K. 
Kelley, sheriff; J. G. Haupt, Superintendent; 15. 1''. 
Sawyer, coroner; Alex Abell, surveyoi-. All of the 
above being democrats, except ITaupt and Ahell. repub 
licans. Township officers were elected as follows: 

Covington township No. 1— Wm. Lopp supervisor; 
Geo. E. Bidwell, assessor; Thomas J. King. Justice 
of the Peace; Samuel Jenkins, constable; K. Stamm 
treasurer; Oscar March, clerk. 

St. Johns towrifchip No. 2 — M. M. UdvIc. assessoi'; 
Sandy McDonald, Justice of the Peace; Af. \i. Kvw- 
nelly, constable. 

Summit township >.'o 3 — James llusli assessoi- 
John Dennison. Justice of the Peace; J. Duggaii. 
treasurer; W. W. Sheahan, clerk. 

Dakota township No. 4— W. P. Kathhuni. tresis- 



COINTV ELECTION OF 1893. 367 

iirer; John T. Spencer, clerk; S. A. Ileikes, ast^essor; 
John Joyce, Justice of tlie Peace. 

Hubbard township Xo. 5 — Daniel Hartnett, su- 
pervisor; Tliomas Duggan, assessor; John Rooney, 
Justice of the Peace; Sfeve Whittecar, constable; 
T. M. Cullen, treasurer; T. S. Jones, clerk. 

Pigeon Creek ttrvvusliip No. 6 — Jesse AVilliaui.-. 
treasurer; Philo McAfee, clerk; Geo. Barnes, asses- 
sor; Peter Nelson. Justice of the Peace; J. F. Con- 
nor, constable. 

Oinadi townsliip >»o. 7 — Geo. VV. Rockwell, su- 
|)ervisor; J. P. Rockwell, assessor; M. S. Mansfield 
and Seth Barnes, Justices of the Peace; P. McKinley. 
constable; Thomas Asliford, Jr., clerk; J. D. Welk- 
er, treasurer. 

Emerson townsliip No. 8 — Michael Schindler. 
assessor; Nelson Feauto, Justice of the Peace; R. 
E. Kuhn, constable; Fred Biede, clerk; Charles Bor- 
..wskj treasurer. 



CHAPTER XXII 



Additional Biographical Sketc^hes. 



Eugene B. Wilbur is the eldest son of our 
pioneer, E. L. Wilbur. Was born August 15, 1858 \n 
Covington precinct, in this county, Beo^an attending 
school in 1866 in a log house known as the Miskey 
building which stood upon the banks of tlie river, 
taught ny Mrs. James Ogg. Moved with pai-ents to a 
farm one mile southeast of Covington in the fall of 
1870 which is the present town site of South Sioux 
City. In the winter of 1878, taught his first term of 
school in the Island district No. 20. Graduated at the 
Sioux City High School in spring of 1878. Married 
to Miss Mary E. Savidge at Covington, Nebraska. 
September 18th, 1878, by Judge A. D. Cole. ' Moved 
to his father's farm in Dakota Territory. five miles west 
of Sioux City, March 14, 1879. Here he h:id crops in 
l)roniising condition when the grasshoppers destroyed 
all. Moved back to Dakota county, July 25th and 
located on a piece of unimproved land wliich he had 
previously purchased, adjoining his fatlier's farm on the 
south, where he built a residence. Taught school in 
the summer of 1880 in his home district. Taught his 
last term of school in the winter of 1884. Spring of 
1884 sold his farm to C. C. Orr for ^>30 per acre and 
moved to the Island and opened up a stock farm. 
Moved to Covington. March 19, 18S5. Elected county 
judge November 3,1885, by ii) majority, took charge of 
office January 7, 1886, and on the 27th day of August 
sold the town site of S<)uth SiouxCity to John M. Moan 




EUGK^K B \AI1 lU K 



ADDITIONAL HIOCiKAPHICAL SKi;i(III'>. iTl 

and aftenvai-(l.< sold SI -3,000 worth of j)ro[)trty in tliat 
vicinity. Tliat iall he huilt a residence in Dakola 
City. In 1S87 sold 8105,912.50 wortli of pio])e] ty and 
built a brick block an<l two frame buildings at /Soiitli 
Sioux City. Kt-e'ected for County Judoe ISoveinber 
8, 1887, defeatino- A. C. Abbott," of Pei,der. by 131) 
majority. Was t-eci'etary of thcCovinoton, ^'oulli Si(iU\ 
City and Electric Eailway Co.,'' wiiich was organized 
in i888 and elected president oi' same the followincr 
year. In partnership with his bi other. '.). C. opened 
up a harness shop at Dako':a City, in 1888. In 
I"el)ruary of the same year bought The Aigns at Da 
kota City, afteiwaids moved to South Sioux City. j\Ir. 
Wilbur is a yojing' man of moie than (.idinaiy (luipy 
and ])ush. Alt^'ongh not confronUd with as tiyii g 
ottstacles as tliose whicli the older iiii iieers met and 
overcame, he has liad tiinls and })rivati(_nis in the sli;i{)c 
of grasshoppers, lo^s (d' stock, etc., through all of 
which he has suivived and won for himself the posiiion 
which he now occupies lie has five childien, Eugene 
Clinton. Emma iTi-ac--, Ralph Raymond, Lee L., ]\[or- 
ton C. lie was admitted to the bai Alarcn 11, 1S'.»1 

Caleb Monrok Antrim was born in Ibitler countv 
Ohio. March 0, 1810. Was married to ]\liss Ilnunaii 
Jeff'ery at Qnincy, Illinois, December 5, 1861. lie 
ari-ived in Dakota county, with his fnniily. Mai'ch 1(1. 
1872, wdiere he has since resided. In sj)eaking of Ids 
journey to Nebraska he said: "As I came to the lank 
of the Missouri river, the crossing was daiigei-ous. and 
I employed l)'>ys enough to take my things across on 
hand-sleds. My mother was wit li me. and ,-he being- 
very old I took hold of hei- and told her to be careful, 
and started down the haidv. and as I took the hrst stt p 
my foot slipped and I lell and my motlier on 'opot nie 
but no one was hurt, but we i-olled clear down ti e 
bank. U\ mother, Martha .\ntrim. died Octol.ei- 15. 
1880, at the aoe of 100 years, C) nuuiths. and 15 days.*" 



372 WARNKii's HISTORY Ol' DAKOTA COUNTV. 

He lias rive children living, CliaiJes ■ lleni-y, Cilel) 
JefFery, Edward Thomas, Einiiia Ettu and Elizabeth 
Ann. His son Wilbur is dead. Postoffice. Homer. 

Agustus C. Dodgk was born in Cedar county. 
Iowa, March 25. 1851 and came to Dakota county. 
September 15, 1878, fettling on the tVirni now owned 
by Benjamin Bj'idenbaugh. Afterwards moved to :i 
farm south-east of Hubbaid wliere he live<l at the time 
of his death. May 7, 1888. He was married to J.uura 
Seeley at Vinton, Iowa, July 26, 187(). He left three 
children, William, Leroy and Charles Ea-.vrence. His 
mothei', ivho is a sister of William Tayloi-, and his 
brother, William Dodge, are living at Ponca. 

EuGKNE L. WiLnuK found his way to Dakota coun- 
ty August 25, 1850, landing in Coviniiton. i'y his fair 
and upi'ight dealings with his fellowmen he has won 
an honored name in the hearts of Dakota county pK - 
pie. It is not necessary to give a sketch of his life here 
as it will be found elsewliere in diiiei'ent parts of this 
book. 



CONCLUSIOlSr. 

Our work is finisbrd. The History of Dakota 
county i^ completed, on which we have spent so uumy 
tedious boms in dii^jjing iij). as it weic. ;ind :in- 
earthing dim and do)i)iant history of the dead jiasr. 
Pioneers, presei've this book, that comiui: gc iiei'ations 
may pi'olit by and h'aii) to rexeie the memoi'y of your 
gi'and and hei'oic sti'uogle and rinal victory in coiKjuer- 
ing these once wild ]»iimeval lands, opening the way lor 
all the wealth and jirosperity which abounds every wl, ere 
n Dako'ia Coris'iY. 



ZI^TZDEi:!^. 



PAGE. 

Abell, Alex 71, 181, 148 

Abell, (>. N 128 

Ahell, Mrs. Otis N 128 

Advent of the Pioneers 44 

Adair. William. . 192, 57, (58, 

1)4, .^5, 101. 10.5, 128, 180, 159 

A<lair, l.i/.zie G8,J28 

Aduir. :Maniie 71, 123 

Aaair, Clura 128 

Adair, Vlattie 123 

Adauis, .J. Q 82 

.\dams, Charles 123 

A hern, M. 1' 2UG, 117 

Alcoelv, I. A 123 

Alexander. Robert li . ..45. 

50, 109, 131 

Mien, I) L 8t)9, 86, 140 

Allen, A. () 95 

.\Ucn, Amelia 123 

■ Mien, liessie 123 

Altemns, Wni. V .. 28i, 134. 100 

Anihbury. Hev 58 

.\nmierman, \V. B 137. 142 

Antrim, lOdward 128 

Antrim, 0. M., Sr 371, 154 

Anecdotes 344 

ApiJleton. S. W 91 

Arnold. Kdward. ...234, 122. 

130. 130 
.\rteanx. .loini 1'. . . .170, 42, 109 

Arnihrcchl. :,!( losine 01 

Ai-mlirccht. ('( iirad. .... .241, 01 

Arnionr, Dennis.. . 217. KM, 100 

Arnionr, Vvilliam, Sr 217, lol 

.Wmonr. William (J 123 

A-r.ionr, Nettie 123 

Arniell, I'rosper 108 

Arthnr. John t. 139 

Asiiburn, William 51 

.Xslitord. Tlioinas. Sr. . . . isii 

51, (57, 101, 133, 140 
.Vslifoi-d. 'rlionnis, Jr 85, 87 



PAGE. 

Ashlord. Aiary 123 

Ashford, Maggie 123 

Ashford, John 123 

Ashley, Robert T 107 

Ashley, James 222, 52 

Asbrans. Emile 9(t 

Aston, Albert 90 

Aughev. Prof. Samuel. .257, 

47, 61, 03, 64, 130, 131 

Aughey, Mrs Lizzie 63 

Ayres, Samuel .A. 54 

Ayres,M.0..276, 63, 71, 113, 159 
Ayres, Ebenezer D.. . .63, 74, 116 

Ayres. Frank 286 71. 150 

Ayres, Florence .123 

Bates, O. 1> 285 

Kates. Amberrv 309, 33 

Bates, P:dith 123 

Bates. Leonard... 170. 42. 52, 

101, 131 

Bates, Col. R 219, 56, 62, 

63, 71. 109, 128, 131, 132, 
133, 185, 136. 144. 145, 146 

Jiates. Helen 62, 63 

liates, liose 67 

Bates House 58 

Rates, Jennie P 123 

Raker. A. n..l67. 46. 50. 51. 
62, 63,64, 71, 98. 109. 111. 

116, 129, 132. 136, 145 

! P.aker. .\lanson 213, 54, 73 

' Baker, :)()ra 63 

Raker. Mollie 128 

Raker, Nellie 123 

Bach. A. P 304. 148 

liav. John 177. 45, 50 

I'.aird. Ihonnis C 129 

Baird,(\)l.li..l72. 44. 45.46, 
00, t)7. 87, 101. 108, 120. 

145, 146. 15.V 

P.aird. Rev. C 61, 94 

Baird.Z. M 90, 93, 162 



:]7-l: 



PAGE. 

]5aird, Emma 123 

Jjaird, liessie 123 

Baiicioft, Frank 90 

Ba^'lia, Cliarles F. . . .63. 69. lOo 

Hayha, John F 64, 159 

Bayha, George 158 

Hai'iiett, (ieovge 71, 141 

l'.arnett, William 258 

Barrett. Martin 78 

Barrett, Thomas 78, 187 

jiartlett, William T...81, 82, 
83, 123, 130, 133, 137, 148, 160 

Barrv. J. M 82. 83 

Barrv, Rev. J 9u 

Barry, Kate 123 

Bairy, Patrick 313 

Base Ball 158 

Barber. E 91 

Barr, Dr. 1). D 82 

liarnes. .1. B 147, 149 

Bailies, (icoroe 134 

Barnes, Setli V 284, 87. 135 

Baniiaii. Tiitrick 90 92 

l^aniion. .lolin .162 

Bauer, [{. V 128 

iJaiigoiis. John 298 

iJavliss. Charles D 265 

Bale.s, David 116. 131. 159 

liergnr, A. F 246 

Berger, Giistave 254. 153 

Berger. Gotleib 254, 159 

lieerman. Kred 286, 136 

liear. Alex 146 

J!eii)ier. Adam 45, 106. Ill 

Beliuski, Donionic 51, 112 

leek. Mell C 71, 134 

I'.ennett, William 71 

15eals, II. II S2 

Bennett. John 91 

IJeniiett. Ilallie 91 

B;'a!s Enoch 92 

Beardshere, Walter W 140 

I'.eck. \V. r, 146 

F>eck; Capt W. II 107 

Berndt. Alexander 274 

Beaconi Michael, iSr 253 

i>oac;)in. Thomas 237 

Beac.)iH. .Michael... .237, r'3, 

134, 143 
Beacom Michael M 252, 140 



I'AOK. 

Beaconi, Dennis 13S 

Beardshear, M. W 2()5 

Blyburg 54 

iUeisner & Heyl 82 

Bhinchard Lewis 301 

Blanchard. J 801. 85. 87, 134 

Blanchard Jennie 123 

iUume Fred...282 91. '34 139 143 

Blessing, John 224. 160 

Blessing. Anna 124 

Bit^ssing. Lewis 184 

Bliven, A. 11 234 95 

Bliven, .James II 235, 94 111 

iiliven, Curtis B 101 

Bliven, Chas 200 

Bliven. >Jois 236 

Bliven, Anna 123 

Biggs. lames M.. 141 

l^iggs, Emma 112,123 

Bitigs, Anna 123 

Bille, Andreas F 299 

Bille, George C 123. 134 

140. 294 

Biographical 163, 368 

Booge. James E 67 

iionton William 67,194 

Boler. Michael 82 

ik)ler. lohn 103. 133 

Bolster, Mrs. Alice 82 

Bovle, B.ros S9, 97 

Bovle, F. H. ...91, 112, F23. 

13(), 137, 141 

Boyle, M. S 90 

Boyle, Charles 199.91 53 

Boyle, \ ary Ann ... 122 

Boyle, M. M 239, 134, 

141. 142 
Bouderson. I'enjamin. . . .91. 1H4 

Boals, David 194, 100. 186 

Boals, (Jeorae L 187,46 101 

Boals, William ii 187, 136 

Bonesteel, 11. E 146 

Bottom Disease '57 

Borowsky. Chas 91. 162 

Brughier. Theophili 42 

Brown. C. II 101 

Brown, Samuel A 85. 8i 

Jirowu, Saul'onl 82 

Brown. Ii. 11 68, 122 

Browu, Ella 123 



875 



I'AOK. 

Ihowu. WilliMui . . .1;-;;}. 293 

UraiiiiMu. T. V 127 

linuiiiau, .)o^e]>li. Mi. o;5, fi«i, 

78, 81. 88 

Biaijiiaii, W. b 82 

liiauium. William 88 

J^ianiuimaii, Cass 98 

i.raniiamaii, Tlieiia 123 

Bramiaman. Perry 128 

P.rannan)an. Cliarles 187 

Hrasfield. Nicholas 129. 256 

lirass I'.ands 161 

niodiiilirer. Rev. J. C 61 

l5rovl.ilI. W. I 279, 136 

i;rc)vliill. Mrs. W. I 71 

Brady. Celia 124 

Bradly. Taylor 107 

Bruce, M. W 60 

Hridenbaiigh. U. G 134 

r.rideDbaiigh. benjamin. .123. 148 

l^rideiiliaiiuli. Joliii W 123 

r.rulenl.aiioli, .lolm H. .. 55. 268 
liiideuliauoli, J. \V....88. 92, 123 

Bradbrary. Mrs. A. J 63. 122 

l^radbrary. J)r. Joseph. ...136, 25S 

Biaiuit, i!oratio 63 

Biaiiiit. .lohi! .201 

lirewer. ./. H 147 

Buckley, J. S 71, 123 

B>iiiL;liani.Willian) 72 

Jiin'ks.G. VV 51 

liurke. J. H 78. 142 

r.iickwalter, 11. II 63, 215 

B.urds, Mrs. E. C 128 

I'.iird, Jose])li 184 

<'arnihaii. Robert 52 

<';!ru)liaii. William 52 

<'avauau<i]i. Joliu 77 187 

<";niile, A.N 92 

Ciirter, Uvv. W. II 58, 156 

< 'alter, Thomas 72 

■(•prrabiue. Tiiu 143, 278 

<'j)ri)euter, .Alta 128 

<'aniey, Mary 123 

<';'niev. .losepli 141 

<'arr.ey. I'. F 142. 301 

laii!]) meetiusi- 159 

i('ar,:iil:e!i IJdl crt . ...131 . 132 

13S. 139. 295 
I'au'i'lfll. Wju 123 



('aui])l)ell, Lucy J 12J 

('anii)bell. Arthur.... i3S. 139, 14:^ 

('anii)bell. .John II 29i) 

Cain. John 123 

Cain. Henry ...135. 142. 1 13 

Cain, Michael 27() 

Cemeteries, I'ublic i5:! 

Casey, Patrick ... ..3(i(i. 133, 139 

Census Enumerators 14". 

Cheney, Wm 46. 5o 51 

112, 13'; 
Chambers. Ik^njamin P.. .185 

57, 63. 65 128, 145 
Chihuahua House... 57, 109, 1 k; 

Chestnut, Rev. Thomas 58, 7o 

Charde, A. B 65 

Chapujan, Henry 73 

Cliristoi)he]-soii."Todd 86, S7 

Christoiiherson, Thomas 87 

Christopher.->on, Christina 123 

Christopherson, Thomas 257 

Christoi)herson, Peter 25S 

Church, John M 91 

< "hittendon, Geo. F 18U 

Clark, Kosana 58, 122 

Clark. R. A 82 

Clark, 'I'homas. . . 308. 82. 

83. 117. 134 

(;iark, James 103, )^5 

Clark, John 13« 

Clark. Perry 138. 139 

Clapp, Wm 31(1, 123. 140 

Clai)]), Thomas (' ifio 

Clements, Joseph . .296,142 

("ororiado. Gen , 81 

<'ook. Dr. lohn K 42, 44. 72 

Cook. Geo. H 301 

Cochran. S. (i 51 

Cobb. W .10, 72.77 

Cobb.S. E 87. 9(» 

Covell, Wm. L ....55. 277 

Covell. John H. 15 281. 

123. 135, 140 
Combs, •^amuel 276. 55. 

87 101, 135 
Collier, 'i'honias T... 57, 129, 14(5 

Collins, John 124. 142 

<'<)nlev. I 'oiinie J23 

Conley, Hev. H. W r)S 90, 92 

' 'onnoj-, James -.117, 'i'oH 



Ti; 



( 'onnoi", John 91 

< ouvt House fil 

Covington 71 

Copelan, John T 72 

Collins, Charles 73 

Collins,Wm. H 122, 130, 2 2 

(>jle. A. D J29 

Collin gwood, Robert 201 

Coyle, Thomas 92 

Cowles, Mai. S. R. ..28-5. 94 

101, 134, IfiO 

Cowles. Matie 123 

Coburn Junction 97 

Cole, A. D 123 

Cole. Mrs. A- D 123 

Oord. Minnie 123 

Corn Palace 98, 99, 100, 102 

Coiwin, Benjamin 258 

Crockwell, Dr. J. D. M. ...o6 

57 ,66 ,135 

Crawford, James C 146, 149 

Crawford, Wm. G 57, 66 

127, 144. 146, 155 

Crawford, R. B 124 

Crawford. Mrs. R. B 123 

Cro'/ier, Howard 71 

Crounse. Lorenzo 149 

(;rowell, C. M 275 

(ritchfield. Cook D 281 

Crippen, Xewton J 304 

Crimes imd Casualties .11 1 

Crahans, W H 92 

Culkin, Terrence 302 

Cnll.'n, Thomas.. ..88, 89, 123, 134 

Cnllen, Michael 89 

Cullen. Katu Iv3 

Curran, Thomas 204. 53 

Culver, W. \V 72 

Lhniningiiam Wm 22fi 

('urtis, Samuel 256 

Iv'akota County Organized. . . .4:5 

Dakota (Miv. .'...... 56 

D.ivis. .losiali W 251, 51 

87. 133. 155 

Davis John L 63. 91. 144 

Davis & Fuller 91, 92 

Davis. >. R 92 

Davis. A. Ira 92. 143 

Davis, Winnie 123 

Davis. S. T. 174 



Dawlev. Will so 

Davev" Frank 295. 82, 

1'23, 141 

Davey, John M 130 

L>aley. J.T 82 

Dilev, R. B 95. 9'i 

Daley, Mattie 95^ 12:; 

Daley, Sarah K 123 

Danker, Henry 97 

Dean, W. A . . ". 143 

DLUmison. John 136. 138, 143 

Deering. Samuel 287 

D' Lh Matyr, Rev. J. H 58 

D.'Bell. Dr. E. J 09.290 

D -rriufiton. -j. 11 80 

DjBorde, A F So 

DaMon'e. John F 103 

DaBor< e. Mury 122 

DelB()\e. Hn-. J. M \<9 

D^meiv. L. 1'^ 92 

DeWitt, Sio on ....2H0. 101 

122. 129, 136, 140 

De L')ng, Jennie 123 

De Lcng, l.ucy '23 

De liOng, Edward 123 

Daloughery. Michael -37 

Dickey, J . B 51 , 57 

Dillon. Gerald 53. 78. 79 

80. ,si, 82, 123. 136 

140. 141, 147 

Dillon, John 9s 

Dillon, Father 79 

Dibble, D. C 277. 64. 98 

101. 133. 155 
Dibble, Will C...70. 101. 113. i;:o 

Dodge, Augustus C ">'i2 

Dodson, \K n 52, 63. 72 

Dorsey, Patrick 137 

Dorsev. Rev 5s 

Doolittle, . E 71 

D)nham J. L 77 

Doran, John 3-;i9, 92 134 

Doran, Michael F ..3io 

Doyle. F 92 

Dow. Minnie 123 

Downs. F II 123 

Downs, J. ii .139 

Draper Stei)lKMi 50 

Dunnell, Franklin 293 

Dutton. Horace.... 176, 46, 52, 72, 



I M 1 

ihittoii. Siiuin^ 1 77, 40 

Diiogaii, Daniel li>o. •'):]. 

;i(;. 18:;. ij.o. ]-[-> 

147. 14S 

i)ii-o-;in. .(oliii (' ss. .S7. l:!4 

DuLigaii, Kate liio, 14s 

Diiiigaii, 'I lionias 14:] 

1 'uggan Idhii ..■_'o7 

Duiican. Scott ■JS-! 

Diirgeii.EllK'l 7 J 

l-:astuii- .1. ;■: . . .:;ni. 71 

EliY. J>(>ui.s SS) 

Kl)v, iaiucs l; .. ;;i2. U!7 

Kcidiart, C F... . ry.} :>7, (ii 

lii, li.i. 11)1. 1 1-; 

i-:ckh-\rt. Elizabeth (il 

Ki'kliai-t, I.eaiidn- U •>:; 

lu'khart, .1 . V h;5, 141 

Kckhait, Ida crA. 124 

Eckhart, William 124 

Eckhart, Clara 124 

Edgav. I.. I i)2 

Edwards & Hradlord i.mi:- 

ber Co 02 

iMlwards. Arthur 107 

J<:iaiii, Alfred. . . .rtJ, 101. los 

l:Jo, i;5ii. loT 2in 

Elk Valley Oii 

I'dt-ctions. Other MS 

Emery Ned II ..1)2 

!■ meisoii 8i) 

I'liimett o-') 

Eurio-ht J)r oA 

Eiii'-eleii, .lobii 1)0 

Euiieleii. .[oliu Al Son 92 

Engelen, iilffie 12;] 

Eiigelen, .Jennie 12:^ 

EuWk'M. M- M 162 

iMigelf'ii, H. I) 1()2 

Ei.sderbv, WycolT 28;-] 

Erwin C 7« 91 

Erhudi, Sarah 124 

Krlaeh. i,awrenee. .27!). 124. i;^0 

Evans. K. E 102 

Evans, M. (I !)l 

Everett, William E 94 

i-'ai rell, .lames 00 

Earrell William 1:]S 

lales, F. I) 7S. 124 

FaiKdier. F. G 92 



.\. .) . i 

I'uirbrutiier. .\1 . .0;; 

i-air. Kate . .124 

Fair, Ella 124 

I-air, (ieo. U 121 i;J2 

Fair, (iertrnde 124 

Fair. Helen 124 

'i-':ih\ Lem 124 

!-"air Forter 12-1 

I'^igi:.'. M l:]7. 2S7 

ierii. .1. \\ 71 

i'cenan .lolm 72. 74 

ivautc). Nelson 90. i;-!9. 14s 

Fi^^her, Mvra 124 

lishcr. .1. ()... .217. 04. 101 

i;-;2 i;^>;^. u.i 

lislur. J. W 91.i)2 

Fritzpatrick. -lohn ... 7:'., 9;». 1 11 

Fires Ho 

'^'iteh. .lohn 14;^> 

Finnerty Di-nnis 124 

F nnerty, lohn 224 

FiOyd. Sergeant, ('harles ;^s 

Flegg. Mrs !)2 

Fivnn. .lames 300 

Ft'rlie. .\ndi-ew 298. 158. KHi 

Ford. Charles. . . ,21;^, 50. 08, 

124, 13.5, 140 

Ford, .\lexander 218, 51, 185 

Foltz. Wm ....71.298 

Fjsler. Albert 89 

Fjwler. .1 95 

F.iwlcr, Mamie 124 

Fjreslioe .Miltcn 264 

Francis-o. I evi 809 

Francisco. Wm. A 8(»9 

Francisco. Eli 810 

Franklin City 54 

Frazer. Kellv W.. 240. 08, 71, 

129, 182. 14S 

Frazer. i.us .\ 08 

Frazer. Anna E..08, 71. 124. MO 

Fonts. Isaac 142 

Frazier. Wm 208. 78 

Frcpse. Herman 114 

Frederickson. Hasmus 102 

Funk Samnel I'. 94. 9.> 

Fuller, Winnie 91 

Fuller I .1 180 

[Mirmis Robert W ...07 

(Jailagher. Hugh W 219 



378 



PAGE. 

Gallagher, Rose 124 

Gallagher. John 50 

Garner, Jane 52 

Garner, James 201 

Gamble. Samuel. . . . 122. 128, 132 

Gtuighran. John 124, 242 

Gearheart, Rev 58 

Geology 47 

Gillespie. B. S ....65 

Gigeai-, Louis 92 

Gillette Brothers 93 

Goodhue, I'eter IW 

Goodhue, Sarah 63. 124 

Goltry. W. H 03 

Goodlellow, Charles 68. 241 

Goble. A. L 124 

Goldie. George V 80 

G<i(j(i\\in,B. K 91 

Gi)od\vin 97 

Goodwin. Ralph 245 

Griggs. Henry O 239 

Gritlev. Thomas h 173.42 

48, 62, 64. 68.72, 94. 

100. 130. 132, 146, 147 

Giiffev. George 73 111 

Griftey, I). VV 162,204 

Glim Samuel 239 

Grant. \V. W ...63 

Gray. Hiram 294 

Graves. Guy T 124. 130 

G!-aves. Stella 124 

Grilible. Harney B .. 89 

Gribble, Olive 89 

Gribble. E. i^ 71 

Gribble. i.i/.zie 124 

Gribble, John C Sr 133. 234 

Gribble, Wm 154, 205 

Gribble, B 237 

Grosvenor. R. L, 77 

Griffni, Rev. James 85 

Graff. (George 65, 67, 107. 127 

Granger. George r. 131 . 183,263 
Elallock. Jacob H ...178, 45 

58. 109. 127, 140 

Harvey. Ray 45 

n^iskiiig. \i. U 55 

Iliase. Augustus T 244 

57^61 62, 64,71, 100 

101. 134. 136. 141 
H.iase, Theodore ,. 98 



PAGE 

Ilaat-e, Geo. H 16-^ 

Hogan. I'etei 141 

Harrington, Albert M 262 

Hapeman, Rev. H. J 61. 71 

liager. John 68.299 

Hager, Daniel 71 

Hager, Rose 124 

Hager. Anna 124 

Hart. Samuel I 136, 273 

Hart, Atlee 70 71, 90, 94 

Harte, Wm 92 

Hale, Stephen (, 251- 

Hammer, (ieorge I*' 87 

Hammer, I'eder 71 

Hammitt, William 71 

Hamilton, J.N 71. 282 

Hamilton. R. G 95. 148 

Hamilton. I'.elle 124 

Hamilton, Hl-iuelie 124 

Hammond. Elijah 2i)s 

I lamey (;ity 72 

Hayes, George 134 

Havnes. Thomas 274 

llattenbach. (-i 73, 19.^ 

Hall, Joseph A 72. 124 

Harty. Mrs. Patrick 82 

Harty. i'atrick 1-3 

Hartv. Michael 3 i 

Harris, Herbert 84. 101, 2.-)3 

Harris, (ieorge 161 

Harris, Joseph 25'^ 

[1 arris, -fames -.296 

Tiarrigfeld, Andrew 309 

Hansen & Krederickson 87 

Fl ansen, Knud 27i5 

Haupt, J. <i 95. 124 

[larden. Van 2>-3 

Harden, Luther 270 

iiartnt^tt, Thomas 117 

riartnett, .fames. . ..134, 141, 142 

yrartnett, .John 2.')9 

nazelgrove, .lohn '-'1*» 

riazelyrove. Isaac 25t 

Hedges. William 267, 137 

nennings, Henry 54 

Herweg, 1 1 enry 62. 1 1 :i: 

Heath, Mitchell .284 

Heath. lames 94. 9.> 

Heath, C. I' 64, 72; 

Herb, (ieorge '>> 



37 J) 



PAGK. 

lledties, C. E 74, 79 

ileffernaii. 1). C. . . .81, 82, 

137, 235, 237 

neffernan, Michael 82, 235 

Heffenian. -John C .136, 145, 235 
Heffernan, John . . .141, 145, 235 

Herman, Mary 85, 310 

Herman, M. i 269 

Henry, i.eorge 8B 

Henry. Peter 139 

HeiReti, .lacob 112,275 

ileikes, S A 140, 141 

Ileeney, I'atrick 296 

Hirsch, Abraham. 46, 50, 109, 167 

iiirsch, jAiella 124 180 

Hicks, Henjamin 46, 5o 

Higs/ins, Charles 73 

Higi'-inbotliom, William 251 

HilVbs, .lohn (r 97, 138 

Hileman, 1) Y 98, 2H8 

llilemaii, Kate 114 

Hileman, Joseph 224 

nines, Vlichael 134 

Hinsdale, (ileorge A . . .56, 57 

66. 128, 135, 144, 153 

Hoch, D. W 301 

Holtman, Marion 140 

Ho<'an Thomas 299 

Hdgtwi, William 299 

Hoii-an. William 53, 101, 311 

llogan, Agnes 124 

i logaii, 1 >ennis 134 

llogan, Patrick 283 

Hogan, lolin 298 

Holidays 155 

iloUuian, Charles 162 

Hollman, -losei)!) 54, 57 

64, 61). 92, 107, 145. 210 

llommell, -lohn 215 

Uu]}e. -lolin 54 

liovt .1 IS 113 

llovt Zula 124 

Howard, .lohn 133. 154 

Howard, Mattie 124 

Howard C !J 262 

Howard. Robtjrt A 65. 66 

Howard. Cliarles 74 

Howard Mary 89, 124 

Howard, Maggie 89 

Homer 83 



PAGK. 

Holswortli, William 272 

101, 122. 140. 145 
Horr, Chauucey .A . . . .45. 49 

Hoy. James 72 

Huffman, L. Y. 200 

Hunt, Kittie 124 

Hunt. Emma 124 

Hunt, Adrew M 54 

Hunt. Frank 93, 94 

Hughes VV. H. S 56 

lluse, William & 8on 81 

Hubbard 88 

Hiiddleson, Harry 74 

Iberville 32 

Indians 106 

ingle, Andrew 144 

Ironsides, (-Jeorge E.102, 131, 137 
Irwin, Christopher.. 112. 137, 288 

Imhoff. .loseph 216 

1 ler . J acob 310 

Isenberg. Gus A 302 

James, William H ... .42, 56 

57, 63. 65, 66, 101, 132, 135 

James Ida 63 

Jackson, Alfred.. 65. 68, 146, 147 

Jackson 78 

Jackson. Josepii A 98 

Jay, Will S...275, 69, 70, 93, 154 

Jay. Men C 71, 147 

Jay. Marcell 136 

Jandt, H. A 86 

Jennings, Hev. I . W ...58 

Jensen & Wiseman •. ..92 

Jensen Urtoliers 92 

Jeep. i..ouis 95 

Jenkins, John 95, 138, 142 

Jordan, John 310 

Jordan, I'eter 299 

Jones. I'homas •> 199 

Jones, Nelson 162 

Jones. Tliomas 139, 142 

Jones. John [ 124, 130 

•loiies, Lillian 124 

Jones, .\larv 124 

J(mes, Edward C... 52. 144, 177 

Jones, Sarah A 92, 124 

Jones, Marv F 122 

,K)Vce. John 205. 52 101 

130, 136, 141 



H80 



PAGE. 

Jovce. Stephen 283 

Joyce, Miua 124 



Joyce, (.'Icii'ji. 



124 

Johns, Andrew 73, 204 

Johns, John 256 

Johns, Henry 256 

.I'ouvenat. J. 15 82 

Johnson, C. A .....90 

Johnson, Mary 124 

Jopp. Lewis 277 

Ju 1,4-i's District Court 149 

Ka\an;iu;j,li, John E .71 

Kellelian, lames 53,72, 198 

Kelloo-o-, \V. M 9], 92 

Kent, D. 1' 54 

Kent, Henry 89 

Kent Mrs. CJiarles 73 

Kent, Charles 54 

Kennelly, Alice 82 

Kennelly M E.. 82 

Kennelly. Michael 223. 50 

51, 78, 7^ 82, 83, 117.133 

I'U, 136. 137. 140. 141 

Kennelly, Anna 124 

Kennelly, Josie 124 

Kerr, Joseph 51. 55 

Keel, Enos 128, 2(52 

Keel, Ella 63 

Keel, Marv 124 

Keel. Michael 264 

Kelley, Father 79 

Kearjiev Ed. T 82. 83. 134 i 

Kelsey. Joseph R . . .300. 12. 

85. 8H. 134. 162 

Kennedy. Daniel 124 

Kinkea.i, W. 11.136. 156J 160^ 3(»3 

Kirkpatrick, U. H 73 

Kinnear, Albert 87 

Kinnear, Eva 124 

KiiiKslairy. A. (t 124 

Kin^. C. C 91 

King. Thomas J 95. 96 

124, 129. 130, 138 

Kipi)er. J.,udwig 1 13 

Kloster, J. L 95 

Kioke, i; 145 

Kiio.x, .lames. ..97, 138, 143, 284 

Knox, Hehecea 124 

Kno.x. Mamie 124 

KiKix, Anna 124 



PAGK. 

Knapp. Daniel 124 

Knapp, Deyillo E 141. 293 

.Knapp, Geo. A 3U4 

Kountze, Augustus .56 

Krosen. J . L. 86, 9;^ 

Kreps. Moses 46, 49, )us. i7(j 

Kryger, Leonard 95 

Kryger, Lelah 95. 124 

Kuhns. Rev. H. W 61 

Jvuhn, R. E 90 

Kulilnian, Liev. J. F 61 

Kulkuis. Terrance 82 

Kuntz & McCarthy 91 

Lake, Uattie 124 

Lampson, Elbridge G 62 

132, 135, 148 

Lampson, William 162 

Lampson, Albert G 63 

Lampson, Amos 206 

Lawless, Father 79, 80 

Larson, Anders 288 

Larsen, (Teorge 297 

Lapsley, Elizabeth 113. 124 

Lapsley, William 268 

Lane, Dutton 98, 253 

Lane. Caleb 282 

l^ange, Frederick 82 

Lake. Albert 285 

Lake, Oscar 11 284 

J>ewis & Clarke 32, 39, 83 

Legg, Caleb 50 

Leach. William tjr 236, 

68, 73, 74 

Leach, William Jr 117 

Leahey, R. li 82 

Leonard, Joshua . .. .92. 9:), 309 

Leamer, George ,l, 262 

Learner. Fremont 124, 141 

Leamer, Rev. Jesse I24 

J-eedom, J. F 139 

Libraries, l-ublic 154 

Lionias. Joseph 42 

Lily. John 83 

Lippokl, \V. S (,'0 

LocKwood, William. 117, 145. 150 

Logan 5(1 

Lodi ,V) 

Lovejoy. N. S i)5 

Logan. Millard 84 

Loiian War 108 



m\ 



PAGE. 

l.ooniis. lleiirv 205.85, 

133, 135, 160 

Long. Thomas 311 

Lucy, .Jeremiah 123 

iiUdwig. Jacob 72 

Luther, Marshall 78, 304 

Luther. William 74. 75. 304 

Lyon, Harry 52 

Lynch, J. H ^3 

Lysaght. Father l\ A. .80, 82 

88, 89 

Marquette. Rev. D 58 

Marquette, Father 31 

Madden. William L 42 

Marsh, W. W 52 

.Marsh, Ottie 52, 122 

Matthewson, Charles 107 

Matthewson. D. W 90 

Matthews, IJr 53 



Matthews, 3.1) 


..65 


Matthews, A 81, 125, 180 


246 


Mason. E. F 57 


136 


Mason, M 8(3. 


134 


Martin, ( 'harles L) 201 (53 




(55, HO, 70. 73, 77. 101 




130, 


137 


Martin, Lucy 


.63 



Caivin 63 

Daniel 91 

Ella 124 

Charles 158 ! 

. John H 65 j 



Alartin. 
Mai-tin, 
Martin, 
Martin. 
Markley 

Maxwell, Dr. C. H 71 

Maxwell, f^amuel 149 

Maher, Nicholas 288, 75 

78. 128. 129 

Mandershied & Loup 78 

Maloney. James 78. lol 

MansHeld, Martin ^^ 265 

84. 85, 86, 87, 134, 135 

Mansfield, Minnie 125 

Maun. John II 311, 85 

130. 131, 136 

Magec, T. F b9 

Maiiu- John I) 2S8 

Mann, Charles 91 

.Manuing, Nettie 125 

Mngen. .Simon 53 

Miinning. Willis 125 

Manning, Mary 125 



I'AGK. 

Manning, John 13(> 

McBeath, William C....179 

50. 51. 64. 109. 127. 12it 

McFalLG 52 

McKivergan. Michael .53. 197 
Mccormick, Michael. ..53. 78. 198 

McCormick, Harry 310. 

70. 76. 93. 95. 134 

McDonald, Duncan 53. 238 

McDonald, Crittenden 313 

McDonald, li. F 146 

McQuilken. Jolm. . . .57. 141. 183 

Mo artney. Samuel 57 

McI aughlin, Michael 57 

McLaughlin. Daniel 66 

McGregor. Rev. D. W 58 

McCool, Rev. Will C 61. 125 

McCready, Ellen 63. 122 

McCready, Alexander... 65 

130. 141. 147 

McAllister. J. J 71. 132 

McKenua, James 72. 73. 222 

McConehey, Thomas 73 

McConehev. John 94. 278 

McGoffin. N.J 78. 138 

McAfee. FhiloS 135 

McAfee. J. H 138. 309 

McGinn. John -..79. 136 

McGrath.T.K 83 

Mc 1 ride. Jerry 82 

McKinley. iienone 86. 309 

AicEntarffer. A 87. 162 

Mc Entarffer. M 87 

McGee T. F 160 

McCarthy, L J 90. 01 

Mci onaid. William 04 

Mcpherson. Jo,se])h 274 

.^.c^ieal. Andrew 124 

Mc Henry. Ella 125 

Ivic Henry. Katie 125 

McHenrv. James 199 

McKinney. John W 297 

McShane. Peter 138 

xNicShane. V 139 

Mclntyre. Owen 294 

McKeever. lliomas 300 

Messenhoelcr. -lulius 71. 2M) 

A ellelte. J. \' 77 

Metz. William 92 

Mereditli. J. F 96 



382 



PAGK. 

Merslion. Etta 63. 122 

Mikesell, Chris 370 

Mikesell. Peter 136. 275 

Mikesell. S. P 63. 125. 264 

Mikesell. J. A 63.116. 159 

Millage, Ziber 216 

Mitchell. Dennis 278 

Mitchell. Michael 294 

Mitchell, Thomas . . .298 

Mitchell, Elmira 124 

Mitchell, .John 63. 159. 274 

Mitchell, James L.97, 98. 138,283 

Mines, M. A 91 

Minter, James M 134,143 

Minter. Monroe 97 

Mischliscli. .John 57 

Minter, William 143 

Moran, Edward 67 

Moan, .Jolin M 75, 93. 94, 145 

Morrissey. M. (i 83, 89 

Moore, Spencer 45 

Moore, A. L 90 

Moseman. H. F 91 

Moses, Alonzo 54 

Merman, F 41 

Monahan, Patrick 111. 225 

Monahan, M ary 125 

Montgomery. John 116 

Monroe, Isaac 161. 200 

Morgan, W. A .125. 141 

Morton, J. Sterling .157 

Mnrphy, 'i'imothy 45, 273 

Mnrphy. .Maggie A 125 

.\lnnhall. Hev 58 

Mnnson, C. S 106 

Murdick, John lU 

Myers, Hev. II. C 58, 71 

Myers, Anthony J... 67, 133. 242 

Myers, John i'> 87, 255 

Myers, John F 88 

.Mvers. Peter . ..101, 103, 140, 226 

Myers, William 144 

Myers, John 25K 

Natural Ue.sonrces 47 

Nasli, .lulia 50. 122 

Nasii. Edwin H 51. 128 

Nash. Albert 85.297 

Naffziger, John 191 . 57 

58,66, 101, 129. 136, 145, 155 
Naffziger. William 125, 133 





PAGE. 


Nevf-lle Ella 




63 


Nebraska,. I'erritory of 




43 


Neff. Pins 54 101. 


128 


251 


Neff. Marv 




.125 


Newport 




r-.) 


Nead. William A. . 81, 


137. 


138 


Necora 




97 


Nickerson, Uriah 


. 54 . 


215 


Niebuhr. Henry. . . .71. 


162. 


287 


Niebuhr, George 




..71 


Nixon. William 101 


135. 


182 






'^71 


Nicklin, Uattie 




125 


Niggerman. 1) 




.285 


Northrop, H. I 




...77 


Norris, Edward 




...87 


Norris, W. F 


.146 


149 


Norman. Harry 




.125 


Nordyke, A 




9H9, 


Nordyke, Harvey D. . . 




.286 


Nordyke. C. J 





-282 


Nugget, Lost Steamer. . 




.158 


(Jaks Mill 




55 




55 


'>73 


O'Brien Brothers 




..82 


Oberholtzer, (ieorge W . 




..63 


O'Connor, Captain C. . . 


.233 




53. 


101, 


M5 


O'Connor. .Mrs. Capt. C. 




...53 


O'Connor, C. J.... 88, 85. 8? 




128, 


l'?5 


145 


O'Connor, Jnlia 


.125, 


157 


O'l.'onnor, Mary 




.125 


O'Connor, Katie 




.125 


^) "Connor. Lottie 




. 125 


(J'Connor, Ella 




1 25 


OToniior. Timothy J.... 


.140 


162 


Oetsmyer, Henrv 




.289 


Oesterling, Amelia. . . . 




...63 


Oesterling. Jonchim..ll6 


, 131 


,187 


1 Olficers. County 




.127 


1 Ollices, Special 




.147 


1 Oi^-den. J. a 63, 105, 


147. 


158 


Ogden. Mrs. E. J 


...6;-i. (i4 


Ogg. .lames 


..77. 


122 






4-^ 


Omadi 




...49 


O'Neil, Michael 




.125 


o'Neil, S. E 




.125 






1'55 









;j83 



PAGE. 

O'Neil, Lucv 126 

(>']Seil. Patrick 141,195 

O'^'eil, Jolin C ...82 

Urr. C. C. 254 

Orr, Lillie 125 

OiT. Rev. Jobii S 58. 130 

On. John 290 

0"!>ullivau, P. F 68. 145, 159 

Oilman, Mrs. E. li 77 

Ot^mall . Sanmel 284 

Osliea. Cornelius 89 

Osbiirn. Taylor ...265 

Other Adventures 41 

0^vens, Elizabeth C 301 

Pac(iuette Paul 42 

Faryons, Maria 50, 122 

ParKer. Charles T 52 

Parker. Sanford 65 

I'arker, Kettie 125 

Parker. E. E 137. 142 

Parker. Andrew J . . . . 800, 36, 8;h 

Pacific City £4 

Patrick, J.^S.li 57, 65 

Packard, I. G 57 122. 158 

Packard, Charles S 90 

Parmer L. D .68 

Pasi^nore. Jat-on 78 

I armelee. Ward 92 

Pain;elee, I). W 80 

Parn.elee. Mattie 91. 92 

I'arir.elee. Howard 92 

Painter & IsenLerg 91 

Panl{;er, F ! 1' 

l"aln!er. E. V 93. 94 

Payer. Alexander 1(8 

jayne. C VV 278 

Price. Ilelera 12;- 

Presicent. <onn1y vole for 144 

Precincts. Orgai izin^ tl.e. . . 150 

Peteri-on. (.'eoijic 30i 

I'cy^en. John I^' . . . 95 i;'4 

Peiry. Polert.. 42 

PccfHit. GriHtave....42, 4(i. 49, 177 



I hilliis 


Fdwaid. . 





..71 


I'l illi]s 


Charles.. 


71. 


!'7(i 


PI illiis 


Hein C . 


... . 94, 


14;^ 


I'hilliis 


AlVert... 




...87 


Pil<.rin!, 


Willi: ni.. 


. 45, 182. 


190 


Pilj-irim, 


Robert . . . 


45. 


170 


Pilti-iii\ 


Allrec' . . . 




...85 



PAGK. 

Pilgrim. Wiliiam W 86, lo5 

Pilgrim, Iknry 191. 190 

Pierce. John 52 

Pinkejton, Lr. M ... 186, 68 

78, 96, 128. 131, 18(> 

I'inkerton. Mary 73 12L 

Pinkertcn, Nellie M ..... . .115 

Pioneers and Old Settlers 

Association SlL' 

Pizy, h. W ..j76 

Pleyel. E. John 54, 215 

Pcweie, h{!8C Jr.. . £86, 64, 

137, 146, 147. 149 

Powers, Henry 77 

Potter, ( liarles- P .. . 262 48 

51. 107. 1£2, 135 140. 148 

Potter Jerry 139 

Poole, Bobert 92 

Pcrtiss, Geo. C 53 

1 oinlation iio 

Poter, JSathar; S 145. l.-,0 

1 cor ham l£9 

I riest, John h St.r 

Puoicts- and In pioven ents...9^ 

Pnti;iin A:is.'-- 50.11:. 

1 iftt. Allitd T\ ... .62. 145, 146 

Pvls. (-;. A 92 

I'rndy ISewton ..118, 135 

Eathbnn. Asa 288. 51. 

9P, 101, 109, 182, 134, 135 

Patlilnn. W P 70. 129 

HathUin. Anna 125 

Pathlnn, Francis. 125 

Eathbnn. Irene I 125 

Eaiidolih . . . 55 

Paiidol] h. Jasper .55 

handa. Vac 65 

Pavn (nd, E. .1 70 

h.qV; TMllifiD, 72 

Railroads .. 108 

Pun Pfnrv... 166. 44, 50. 
n. (?, I'i'. 85. 101. 125. 128 

131, 133. 141, 147. 158 
Pean , RIarcellus ^\ . . . . 178, 

51.68.71,158 

Pean'. Charles 61, 168, 187 

Peam, A ary 51 

Pean;. jS'ina 71, 167 

Peam, "VV. i .87 

Peani. Kannie 125 



384 



PAGE. 

Ream, Mabel 135, 167 

Ream, John 162 

Reom. Charles 57, 66 

Reed,' Rev 58 

Reniiiger. R. S 82 

Renniger, William 303 

Rhode, Theodore 71 

Richards, Rev. J. M 58 

Richards, A. s 86 

Riley, John 77 

Riley, William 82 

Rossiter, M. L 9«» 

Rouleaux. Charles... 45,49. 50. 173 

Roberts- W. D 54, 55 

Robertson, E. A 70 

Robinson. I. C 146 

Robinson, F. A.. ..57. 58. 336. 167 

Robinson. Charles M 74 

Robinson. F. M 87 

Rockwell, J. H 140, 273 

Rockwell, J. P 140 

Rockwell. Stephen 261 

Rockwell, Calvin 274 

Rockwell, John 13 293 

Rockwell, Geo. VV 134. 283 

Rockwell, Mrs. Carrie 87 

Rockwell. Ephraim 87 

Rockwell, R D...89, 139, 148.282 

Rockwell, Minnie 125 

Rockwell, Ella 125 

Rogers, H D 142, 299 

Rogers. James J 125 

Rogers. Minnie 125 

Rogers, Ella 125 

Rooney, .John Ii..89, 137, 139, 256 

Rush. Jamqs 28 1 

Rush, Alice 52 

Rush, William 52 

Rush, P'rankie 125 

Rush, John 134 

Rush, Peter 138,281 

Rush. Easton 234 

Rust, George W 51 

Rutter. Rrtta Iv5 

Rvan John 53. 191 

Ryan, James 53. 80. 191 

Ryan. Patrick ..53. 205 

Ryan, Micholas ....53 

Rvan.C I) 82, 235 



I PAGE. 

! Ryan. Father 79 

I Ryan, W. H 95. 129 

Ryan Thomas 109. 128 

I Ryan, -lulia E 125 

j Ryan, .Vlary Ann 125 

Ryan, Ella" 125 

I Ryan Patrick 133 

Ryan, Edward 137 

Ryan D .1 141 

Ryan, J.J 142 

Rymill Samuel '^02 

Samuels. John 45 

Sawyers. James A 74 

Sawyer. U. F 303. 78 82 

95. 96. 132 

Saltsgiver, A. L 78 

Saville. Dr. M 52. 66 

Sabin. Prof. A. I 125 

Sayer, 11 160. 295 

Savage Ernest 125 

Sanford. George 154 

Schools 122 

Schindler Michael 144 



Schnure. Rev. J. I' . . 




..61 


Schmeid, Mell A 


..62. 70 






162. 


297 


Schmeid, William . . 




72 


Schmeid. Prof. A. W 




.297 


Schollard & Kerwin 




93 


Schaub. .John 




.92 


Shockley. 1. M 




..9] 


Seeley. Charles T 




.68 


Seriy, J. 1 


*.. 


..82 


Severson. J. M 


. .82. 


113 


Keaton. James 




.74 



Selzer, brothers 74, 75 

Senter, Gertrude 125 

Shumway, 11 . P 146 

Shaffer, Samuel 310 

Shnrp, I'eter 139 

Sheahan William W 134 

^hort. Arthur 53 

Sherman, (i. W. F 54 

Sliortley, Richard 296 

Slirlever, Kred 70 

Shriever, Carl 71 

Siireve ('. I> 78 

Siiull. [lenrv F 98, 154, 204 

Shull, Samuel 197 



385 



PAGK. 

Shull. David 206 

Shiebly. George W 143. 158 

Sierk. John 134 135 

Sinnott. Mrs. Annie 82 

Sides, John US, 125 

Sides, Jacob 141, 264 

Simon's. Siding 97 

Sims, Fred W 143 

Silence. William 216 

Slocum, M. li 94, 95. 96 

Sloan. Thomas J 125, 130 

Slagle James 137, 142 

Smith, Michael B 304 

Smith. William D 57 

Smith. Kev. \A illiam vi . . .51 

58, 130 

Smith Thomas 83, 189 

Smith, Joseph. . . .84, 85. 134 

135, 161, 253 
Smith. John 84, 85. 101 

135. 161. 286 

Smith, Robert 85, 254 

Smilh. Walter 85. 162 

Smith, Elmer E 87. 125 

Smith. Rev. J. T 88 

Smith. Rev. Joel A 58, 159 

Smith, Jettie 125 

Smith, E. J 134 

Smith, iolm Jr 135 

Smith, Lawrence 139 

Smith. John C 139 

Smith, James li 302 

Smiley. V. D 93, 95. 134 

Smiley. I^aiira 125 

Smiley, Eva 135 

Snvder. John 222 

South Sioux City 92 

Soldiers lielief Commission. . 160 
South Sioux City Street Hail 

Road Company 94 

Sprecher, Rev. i) 61. 93 

Spencer, John T.. 289. 64, 69, 

71, 77, 130. 136. 146, 147 

Sprague, John H 64, 270 

Steamer, Western Engineer. . .40 

St. Johns 45, 53 

Stinson, D. C 302, 62. 70 

71, 136 

Stott. James 188. 63 05 

73. 101. 105. 127, 137, 140.142 



PAGK. 

t stott. Henry 127 

! Stories of Olden Tinies 344 

' Strickland. Joseph B 65 

' Stamm. Elias 125 

I Stamm. ?'ern 78. 125 

I Stahl Henry 92, 139 

I Stanton 96 

Stolze. F 286 

I St.Cyr, David 108 

! Stark. Flerman 144 

I Stolz, Herman 144 

I Storms and Blizzards, Great. 119 

1 Stinson. Samuel 125. 162. 309 

Stinson, Ida 125 

Sullivan . Daniel 268 

Sullivan. Thomas 79, 82, 160 

Sullivan. Mary 125 

Surber. A A 134 

Sweeney. F^atrick 134 

Taffe, John 51. 68, 109 

130. 144, 146 

Talbot. Captain Dick .75 

Taylor. I N 77 

Tavlor, VV dliam 268, 101 

133. 153 

Taylor, William B 46 

Taylor, Goodwin 252 

Tappan. Frank 138 

Territory of !.,ouisiana and 

Missouri 40 

Teller. Janips S 246 

The lieginning 31 

Thomas, H. C 125 

Thompson, Asmus 143 

Thompson, William 42 

'lliorne, M. C 77, 304 

Thyson. Nick 133, 134 

Tifley. H. C 54 

Towns 56 

Towns Ex tinct , . 49 

Towle, A. I • 65 

Trecy, Father Jeremiah. 45 

53, 79 
Trecy, John J . . . 45. 53. 132, 177 

Trecy. .lames \ 54 

Trusedale. I'.enjamin. . . 54, 215 

Truax J.J 78 

'I'urner, Arthur W 85 

Turner. Joseph T 54 

Tulo, John 54, 215 



sm 



PAGE. 

Turk, John C 56. 67, 65 

Turman, Z. B 58, 123 

Twohig. Patrick .... 198, 53 

103, 133 
Twohig, .J. P...70. 81, 95, 96, 127 

Twohig, John 235 

Urmy. D. F 63 

LTIlery, Stephen 215 

Vanauken, .J. \I ..57 

Vandoozer, Rev. S. P. .58. 74,159 

Van Rueth, Bloris 65. 67, 74 

Valentine, O. J . . 95 

Valentine, E. K 149,175 

Verona 54 

Veets, L. C 240 

Verden, .John 214, 52. 73 

lOS, 117 

Verden. Thomas r)>, 215 

Verden, Daniel 52, 215 

Verden, Frank 52, 132, 215 

Virtue, .Jau'ds W 56. 57 

62, 68, 127. 148 

Vos.s. Frddsrick 134 

Warner. Col. ./esse F....22o 
52, 63, 68, 91, 101,105 
107, 130, 135, 145, 155, 155 

Warner, (Tideon 50, 105, 243 

Warner, A.lic3 63, 125 

Warner, William P.. 71, 123, 129 
Warner, L. M ...86 87, 135, 151 

Warner, N"8llie 52. 6-:5. 125 

Warner. Enni .123 

Warner, M. M 13, 151, 

313,330, 331 

A^irner, Ernest 332 

Warner. Rev. Moses ....... .159 

Waldvogle, I^ena 126 

Walway, WiUian 287 

Watts, S unuel F 44, 52. 141 

Watts, .N'atlimiel ...51 

Wall, Ellis W 55 

Wakely, .Judge Eleazer . ..56, 

57. 150 

Waters, 1). F 82 

Way, ! lezekiah 2S9 

Wav, ("v'lus 63 

Wav, W. II !17 

W:\y.C. 15 12() 

Way, llettie .. 126 

Way Lizzie 126 



PAGE 

Waterman. David 83 

Warnock, William 303, 

89, 90. 91, 92 

Ward, .John 91 

Wakefield, D. W 303 

Wakefield. L 91, 91 

Welker. John D. . . . 135, 154, 296 

Webster. Mrs. O 126 

Webster. Oscar B 287 

We.scott. James 52, 223 

Wertz, Jacob B 63 

Wenzel, Adam 71, 264 

Welna, Frank 66 

Whitehorn, Samuel 210, 

j 52 56 101, 129, 136 

I Whitehorn, Emma 63,126 

I White, .Virs. Lvman W 57 

: Wiiite, Win S 96 

Wliite, .1. M 72 

Wliite How.ird 107 

Whittier. Sumner 64 

Whinnery, Enos 73 

Wigle, Jesse 45, 49.83, 

132, 133. 135, 139, 163 

Wigle, Phiebe 122 

Wigle, Enna 126, 164 

Williams, Jesse 134 

Wilkinson, Dr. (i. W ...240 
50,63,64, 65, 101, 107 

122, 128. 158 

Wilkinson, Mahlon G 51,62 

Wilkins, August 298 

Wilkins, Frederick 154,298 

Williamson, Samuel 122 

Williamson, George W... 51, 

109, 128 

WilliamsDu, John 53 

Willis, Miry 52 

Willis. James 52, 63, 71. 158 

Willis, Enmi 63 

Willis Willi im 63 

Willis, Brittijn 238, 117 

128. 13 i, 158 

Wilbin-, Eugene L 373 

54, 70, 73, 74, 92, 93 93, 133 

Wilbur. Eugene li 368. 

70.93, 94, 98, 128, 129 

Wilbur, R. II 73, 145 

Wilbur, D. C '3 

Wilbur. Emma 125 



PAGK. 

Wilson, Rev. il 58, lol 

Wilson W. M 310 

Wilson, Henrv II 63. 129 

Wilgoski, A i' 68, 10.) 

Williams, John A . . .256, 77 

137, 142 
Williams. James II . ...100, 

101, 129. 135 

William -ioliii 257 

Winters, .1. C 92, 162 

Witt iSi iCrwin 92 

Winkhtius, 1/izzie 126 

VV^n'xhaus, Mary 126 

Wood, Errt-^in 77 

Wood, Stella ....57 

Wood, ifenry W..57, 64, 101,241 
Woods, George T. . .164 45 

51. 62. 64, 68, 69, 83, 109, 158 

Woods, Ida 63 

Woods, I). H 137 



I'AGK. 

Woi-ley, Rev William II .58 

W^oodttock, -lames vi 94 

Woodard. Ethel 301 

Wriu-ht. Manley 63 

Yeoman, .John .73 

York. William ......78 

Young, Henry 46 

Young. William 50. 12s 

Young, Charles 128 

Young, .\aron 144 

Young, Henry 236 

Zeigler, .1. K 57. 61. (iS 

Zimmerman . Rev. .J 61. 

64. 130, 155 

Zimmerman. Minjiie 126 

Zimmerman, Ada 126 

Zimmerman, Luther 126 

Znlauf. Matt 82 

Zapp . Charles 92 



.S4^H