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Part I — Containing a Brief History of the 
State and of Warren County. 

Part II — Miscellaneous Department Con- 
taining Brief, Practical Information for the 
Farmer, Business Man and Housekeeper. 

Part III — Consisting of History, Descrip- 
tion OF Piiillipsburg, Washington, Hacketts- 


ships OF Warren County, together with Names 
OF Residents, Occupation and Post Office. 


^ WASHINGTON, l\i'/J. 

m' »• 

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1886. : ::.; 




301 056 


R 1904 L 

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1 1 •• . • 

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In presenting this, the lirst general directory c»f 
Warren county, to our patrons, we ask only that rea- 
sonable consideration which the beginning of every 
new business enterprise demands and which all chari- 
tably inclined persons are willing to accord. We feel 
assured thit all fair minded business men will grant 
this. We do not claim for our work absolute freedom 
from mistakes, but we do claim that we have con- 
stantly aimed at accuracy, and that our purpose has 
been so far reached as to render the Directory ade- 
quate f jr all the practical purposes for which it is 

In the preparation of our work we have encountered 
a vast deal of prejudice, the cause of which is obvious, 
but we have persevered honestly, and now hoi)e to 
satisfy the most incredulous of the uttor absence of 
all thought on our pairt,'. to imx^ose ux)on oi- in any 
measure whntever, deal tHif airly with the people. It 
has been our aim to make this work valuable not only 
to the business man, but to every resident of the 
county. If we have succeeded we shall only be re 
warded for honest labor and money expended, and if, 
in the judgment of our patrons, we have failed to do 
so, we shall still have the satisfaction of an honest 
purpose faithfully pursued. 

As to the mistakes that may be found in the Direc- 
tory a word will suffice. Some names may be mis- 
spelled, some addresses and occupations wrongly 
stated, but it is impossible that these things should 
not occur. These facts are due not to any lack of 
effort on our part, but to the mistakes of men em- 
ployed by us and to typographical errors. 

Moreover, we claim that our Directory of Phillips- 
burg, (although there has been a number of Direc- 
tories i)ublished of the town,) is the most accurate and 
complete of any ever issued. An examination of its 
contents we think will prove it. 

This work cannot fail to be of benefit to the county,' 
and in return we solicit a liberal patronage. 

Weaver & Kern, Compilers. 

>i,r Pr^ >■ 


— ' ^B-> ■ — 


History of New Jersey 5 

History of Indians in New Jersey 40 

Some early Laws 61 

New Jersey — Descriptive 65 

History of Warren County 69 

French and Indian War 83 

Warren and Sussex in the Revolution 93 

The war of the Rebellion 99 

Organization of Warren County 104 

Miscellaneous Department 107 

Directory of Washington Borough 183 

Hackettstown " 213 

Belvidere " 237 

Phillipsburg " 255 

Allamuchy Township 327 

Blairstown " 332 

Frelinghuysen " 343 

Franklin " 349 

Greenwich " 359 

Hope "• 366 

Hard\\'ick " 375 

Harmony " 380 

Independence " 389 

Knowlton " 395 

'' Lopatcong '* 407 

" Mansfield " 417 

'< Oxford " 431 

" Pahaquarry " 451 

" Pohatcong " 455 

" Washington " 466 


-^"a— 5i 


Comish & Co .182 

S. S. Teel 190 

E B. Webb 192 

E P. Mc(^iuui 204 

Misses Berscberor's 205 

F. G. McKiustiy, M. U 207 

Kiniiaman & Co 208 

William M. Baird. M. D 212 

CenteiiJiry Collcgiiite Institute 21C 

A. B. B.iell 217 

William F. ShieUls, Pb. G 218 

T. G. Plate • 221 

R. Q. Bowers & Son 223 

Jolm T<.ei)fer 225 

L. H. Salmon 227 

Charles 1 1 airbonse 230 

F. H. Bryan & Co 233 

Aug. Dickerson 236 

Faust Brothers 239 

H. K. Ramsey 239 

J. Diesel ,V Sons 240 

King's Pharmacy 241 

S. J. Raul). ..." 254 

Robert H. Lccb 261 

C. C. Cockliii 271 

Thomas Carrol 274 

John Eilenhirg 277 

John H. Haggerty & Sons 286 

Clemens Kupka 290 

John L<-e 293 

O. D. McOoiiiiell 295 

A. Mocnig 399 

Samuel A . Metz 2i*K 

O. Kidney 307 

J. M. R. Shimer 321 

William H. Walters 322 

Riegel & Luch 325 

Washington Star 326 

A. C. Howell 328 

Blairstown Press 334 

John Bunnell » 336 

Joseph M- Mann 339 

Blair Presbyterial Academy 340 

J. T. Bowers 350 

Washingtown Review 350 

Prof. J. L. Rosenbery 351 

Thatcher & Wandling 352 

Creveling & Co 353 

Daniel Pittenger 354 

William A. Stryker 355 

F A. Bowlby & Bro 356 

Dr. J. P. Hoff 357 

, J. M. Butler 358 

•/ Q. 0. Yc ung, M. D 360 

C. W. Garis 365 

Washington Review 365 

William Dean 369 

Israal R. Gibbs 370 

James F. Hildebrant 372 

Depue. Son & Co 381 

Cornish & Co 382 

J. C. Butler 386 

Charles L. Free 388 

Washington Review 390 

Dr- H. M. Cox 403 

George C. Rice 406 

E. W. AUeger & Son 408 

William H. Keller 412 

St. Cloud Hotel 416 

Thompson & Co • 421 

Mark Cyphers 424 

Tohn W. Porker 426 

Charles A. Miller 428 

H. M. Cregar 429 

Charles Force 430 

Thomas Craig 437 

Marvin A. Pierson 439 

S. J. Odsted 440 

Dr. G. Orlando Tunison 441 

John Zulauf 442 

James A. Allen 444 

Rockafellow & Weller 446 

J. Fitts & Son 448 

Philadelphia Shoe Manufacturing Company 449 

Oscar Jeflfery 450 

Washington House 454 

Michael Meagher 456 

Victor Castner 465 

William Jennings 469 

Jacob Hill, Jr 470 

WilUamsoo's Restaurant 471 

A. B • Groflf & Co 472 

Myers' Meat Market 473 

C. C. Bowers 474 

J. H. Mattison 475 

Brass Castle Store 476 

H, W. AUeger Inside front cover. 

Dr . H . M . Cox Inside back cover. 

Simon W. Nunn Fly leaf. 

T. Shields, Jr •' " 

F)iSTOi^Y OP Rew (5ei^sby. 

/ T is deemed necessary by the compilers of this 
V volume to precede the history of Warren 
""^^"^ County by a brief history of the State of which 
il forms a part. 

It was not long after the voyages of Columbus 
that John and Sebastian Cabot, two Veuetiarss in the 
service of the King of England, Henry VII, were com- 
missioned • "to discover the isles, regions, and provinces 
of the heathen and infidels, which had been unknown 
to all the nations of Christendom, in whatever part 
of the globe they might be placed." It was under 
that commission that the Cabots discovered the island 
of ^'ewfoundland, on the 24th of June, 1497. 'i'hey 
sailed from there southward along the coast as far as 
Cape Florida. We have no jjroof that they endeavor- 
ed to form settlements, but they landed in a number 
of places and took possession in the name of the King 
of England. But from various reasons the English 
did not take advantage of these discoveries till almost 
a century afterward. A patent was granted to Sir 
Walter "Raleigh by Queen Elizabeth of England, in 
1584,, to discover, occupy and govern ''remote, heathen 


and barbarous countries" not previously possessed by 
any Christian prince or people. Under that authority 
Raleigh, in conjunction with his associates, sent two 
ships to America under the command of Amidas and 
Barlow. They landed at Roanoke, took possession 
of the country in the name of the Sovereign whose sub- 
jects they were, and called it Virginia. Attempts were 
made in 1585 and in 1590 to establish settlements, but 
both were unsuccessful. In 1606, King James, ignor- 
ing Raleigh's right, granted a new patent of the 
countr}^ of Virginia, embracing all the territory be- 
tween the southern boundary of North Carolina and 
the northern boundary of Maine, It consisted of 
two districts called respectively North and South 
Virginia. The southern district was granted to Sir 
Thomas Gates and his associates, chiefly residents of 
London, and therefore styled the London Company. 
North Virginia was granted to Thomas Hanham and 
his associates, who were styled the Plymouth Com- 

It was in 1609 that Henry Hudson, sailing under 
the ausxnces of the Dutch East India Company, in at- 
tempting to find a passage through the American Con- 
tinent, and thus make a short cut from Europe to 
China, entered the Delaware Bay on the 25th of 
August. ' 'Proceeding along the eastern coast of New 
Jersey he finally anchored inside of Sandy Hook on 
Sept. 3, 1609. On Sept. 5th he sent a boat's crew 
ashore southward in the vicinity of the Horseshoe, to 
take the soundings of the depth of the water. Here 
the boat's crew landed and penetrated into the woods 
in the present limits of Monmouth county, New Jer- 
sey. These were probably the first Europeans who 
set foot upon the soil of the State. Henry Hud- 
son failed to find the Northwest Passage, but what is 


of far more importancn, lie discovered the North 
River, and sailed up to the head of navigation. What 
a contrast between the palatial steamers of to-day 
which ply these waters and" the Half Moon on its 
pioneer voyage. 

The Dutch were quick to avail themselves of the 
advantages which the discovery of Columbus opened 
up to their view. "In 1610 it appears that at least 
one ship was sent hither by the East India Company, 
for the purpose of trading in furs, which it is well 
known continued for a number of years to be the 
princiiDal object of commercial attraction to the new 
world. Five years after Hudson's voyage a com- 
pany of merchants, who had procured from the States- 
General of Holland a patent for an exclusive trade on 
Hudson's River, had built forts and established trad- 
ing posts at Xew Amsterdam (New York), Albany, 
and the mouth of the R<^»ndout Kill. The latter was 
a small redoubt on the site of what is now the city of 
Kingston, N. Y. It was known as the 'Ronduit,' 
from vrhence comes the name of Rondout. The fort 
near Albany was upon Castle Island, immediately be- 
low the present city, and the one at Nevr York was 
erected on what is now the Battery " 

The exact date of the first European settlement 
within the present limits of New Jersey does not dis- 
tinctly a])pear. It is thought that the first settlement 
commenced at Bergen — so called from a city of that 
name in Norway — in 1618 by a number of Danes or 
Norwegians who accompanied the Dutch colonists to 
the New Netherlands. 

In 1621, the privileged West India Company 
was formed in Holland. In 1623 this company dis- 
patched a ship loaded with settlers, subsistence and 
articles of trade, under the command of Cornelius 


Mey. He gave his own name to the cape at the north- 
ern part of Delaware bay which it still retains — Cape 
May. He built a fort upon a stream called by the 
natives Sassackon. It is a tributary of the Delaware 
a few miles below Camden, and it is now called Tim- 
ber Creek. He named the fortification Fort Nassau. 

It is highly probable that this was the first at 
tempt ever made to form a settlement on the eastern 
shore of the Delav/are. 

David Pieterson De Vries who arrived in the 
Delaware in the winter of 1630-31 found that Fort 
Nassau had fallen into the hands of the Indians. He 
built a fort; coloni2;ed his immigrants and went back 
to Holland, and for some years not a single European 
was left upon the banks of the Delaware. 

In 1637 two ships arrived in the Delaware bringing 
a number of Swedish settlers. Other companies fol- 
lowed, and in 1642 John Printz, a military officer, was 
sent over as Governor of the colony. He established 
himself upon the island now known as Tinicum. and 
built a fort, planted an orchard and erected a church. 
In 1655 the Dutch, under the command of Peter 
Stuyvesant, and coming from Manhattan, fell un- 
awares upon the Swedish settlements. They captured 
fort after fort, made prisoners the princ^iDul men and 
carried them to New Amsterdam. The Dutch, how- 
ever, retained possession of the country but a short 
time, for in 1644 Charles II, King of England, sent 
over Col. Nichols with a fleet and army. He made a 
comi)lete conquest of New Amsterdam and the sur- 
rounding country, and all the Dutch possessions fell 
into the hands of the English. 

Immediately after the subjection of New Amster- 
dam by Peter Stuyvesant, and even before this had 
been accomplished, Charles TI made an extensive 


■grant of territory to his brother, the Duke of York. 
This was done by a royal charter dated ^th of 
March, 1664. 

The Duke of York in turn conveyed that portion 
of it now known as New Jersey to two other persons, 
Lord Berkely and Sir George Cartaret. The form o*f 
the conveyance was as follows: 

"This indenture made the three and twentieth 
day of June, in the sixteenth year of the Raigne of 
our Sovereign Lord Charles the Second, by the Grace 
of God of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, 
King, Defender of the Faith— Anno Dominie 1664. 
Between his Royal Highness James Duke of York 
and Albany, Earl of Ulster, Lord High Admiral of 
England and Ireland, Constable of Dover Castle, Lord 
Warden of the Cinque Ports, and Governor of Ports- 
mouth, of the one part, John Lord Berkely, Baron of 
Stratton, and one of his majestie's most honorable 
privy council, and Sir George Carteret of Strattum in 
the county of Deyon, Knight, and one of his majes- 
tie' s most honorable privy council, of the other part, 
Witnesseth, that said James Duke of York, for and 
in consideration of the sum of ten shillings of lawful 
money of England, to him in hand paid, by these 
presents doth bargain and sell unto the said John 
Lord Berkely and Sir George ('arteret all that tract of 
land adjacent to New England, and lying and being 
to the westward of Long Island. Bounded on the 
east part by the main sea, and part by Hudson's 
River, and hath upon the west Delaware Bay or river, 
and extendeth southward to the main ocean sis far as 
Gape May at the mouth of Delaware Bay, and to the 
northward as far as the northermost branch of said 
bay or river of Delaware, which is forty -one degrees 
and forty minutes of latitude, and worketh over 


thence in a straight line to Hudson's River — which 
said tract of land is hereafter to be called by the name 
or names of Nova Cesarea or New Jersey." 

It is thought that the nanje of New Jersey ' was 
given to honor Cartaret, who had so ably defended 
the island of Jersey against the Long Parliament, in 
the civil wars. And the instrument of conveyance 
above given is thought to be the iirst one in which the 
bonds of New Jersey are regularly defined. *'The 
two proprietors formed a constitution for the colony, 
securing equal privileges and liberty of conscience to 
all, and appointed Philip Carteret Governor. He 
came over in 1665, fixed the seat of government at ' 
Elizabethtown, purchased knd of the Indians, and 
sent agents into New England to invite settlers from 
that country. The terms offered were so favorable that 
many accepted the invitation.'" 

The constitution that was gianted by Carteret 
and Berkely continued entire until 1676, when the 
province became divided, and was the first constitu- 
tion of New Jersey. 

The colony began to be disturbed by domestic 
disputes a few years after Governor Carteret began 
his administration. Some of the i)roprietors having 
purchased their lands of the Indians before the con- 
veyance of the Duke of York, refused to pay rent to 
the proprietors. Because df this and other com- 
plaints the people arose in insurrection in 1672, and 
Sir Philip was obliged to leave for England, His 
officers ^vere imprisoned and their estates confiscated. 
The government was then assumed by James Carteret, 
a weak and dissolute son of Philip. 

War occurred with Holland in 1673 and the Dutch 
sent over a small squadron which arrived at Staten 
Island July 3(Jth. Captain Manning, who had charge 


of the town diirino- the absence of Gov. Lovelace, re- 
jected the aid of those who offered to defend the place, 
sent a messenger to the enemy and struck his flag be- 
fore the vessels of the enf^my had appeared in sight. 
He surrendered the place unconditionally to the 
enemy without striking a blow. He was aftei-ward 
tried by a court martial and pleaded guilty to all the 
charges made. His sentence, remarkable as his con- 
duct, was as follows: "Though he deserved death, 
yet, because he had, since the surrender, been in Eng- 
land, and seen the King and the DuTce^ it was ad- 
judged that his sword should be broke over his head, 
in public, before the city hall, and himself rendered 
incapable of wearing a sword, and of serving his ma- 
jesty for the future, in any public trust in the gov- 

The Dutch dominion lasted but a short time, as 
tlie following Spring a treaty of peace was concluded 
and New Netherlands (comprising the territory of 
New Y^ork and New Jersey) was again restored to the 
English, who continued in undisturbed possession un- 
til the war which secured the independence of the 
United States of America. 

Doubts having arisen as to the validity of the title 
of the Duke of York, a new patent was issued in 1674 
and Edmund Andros was sent over as Governor. 
Philip Cartaret who had returned to England in 1672 
came back in 1675, and was welcomed by the people, 
who had been uneasy and dissatisfied with Andros' 
tyrannical rule. Philip Carteret "postponed the 
payment of their quit-rents to a future day, and pub- 
lished a new set of ^'•concessions'' by Sir George Car- 
teret- Peace was again almost restored. These new 
"concessions" however, restricted the broad grant of 
political freedom originally framed. Because of An- 


aros' efforts to enforce the Duke's nnjust pretensions 
much uneasiness still continued. Gov. Cartaret at- 
tempted to establish a direct trade between New Eng- 
land and New Jersey, but was opposed by Andros, 
who even went so far as to confiscate the vessels en- 
gaged in such trade, and sent a force to Elizabethtown 
to arrest Gov. Carteret and convey him a prisone)' to 
New York. 

Lord Berkely, dissatisfied with the pecuniary out- 
come of his colonization scheme, disposed of his in- 
terest to John Fenwick, in trust for Edward Byllinge, 
both members of the Society of Friends. The convey- 
ance to these individuals was executed to the former 
intrust for the latter, for the sum of one thousand 
pounds. The tract thus purchased was afterward 
known as West New Jersey^ embracing about one- 
half of the State as now constituted. The division 
between East and West Jersey was made by Carteret 
and the trustees of Byllinge, July 1, 1070. The line 
of partition was agreed on '"fj-om the east side of Little 
Egg Harbor, straight north, through the country to 
the utmost branch of the Delaware river." ''This 
line was extended from Little Egg Harbor as far as 
the south branch of rhe Raritan, at a point^just east 
(>f the Old York Road. It was run by Keith, the sur 
veyor-general of East Jersey, but was deemed by the 
West Jersey proprietors to be too far west, thereby 
encroaching on their lands, and they objected to its 
continuance. On the 5th of September, 1008, Gov- 
ernors Coxe and Barclay, representing the respective 
interests entered into an agreement to terminate the 
dispute It was that this line, so far as run should 
be bound, and that in its extension, it should tjike the 
following course; "From the point where it touched 
the South Branch, along the back of the adjoining 


plantations, until it touches the North Branch of the 
Raritan at the fall>^ of the AUamitung, thence running 
up that strea'iu northward to its rise near Succasunny." 
From that jxiint a short straight line was to be run to 
touch the nearest part of the Passaic River. Such a 
line would pass about five miles North of Morristown. 
The line was to be continued by the course of the Pas- 
saic River as far as the Paquanick, and up that 
branch to forty-one degrees north hititude, and from 
that point in ''a straight line due east to the partition 
point on Hudson River between East Jersey and New 
York." This line gave to the northern part of West 
Jersey the present counties of Warren and Sussex, 
and portions of Morris, Passaic and Bergen. The 
Coxe-Barclay agreement was not carried into effect, 
although the division line constituted the eastern 
boundary of Hunterdon County until Morris Cc)unty 
was erected, in 1738." 

Edward Byllinge in consequence of losses in 
trade was financially embarrassed and compelled to 
convey in trust his interest to William Penn, Gawen 
Lawrie and Nicholas Lucas (all Friends or Quakers) 
"to be used for the benefit of his creditors." Before 
this, however, he had sold a number of shares^ and 
the trustees sold many of them to different purchasers, 
who thereby became proprietors in common with them. 
Fenwick soon after made a like assignment. "As 
these trustees were Quakers, the purchasers were 
mostly of that body. Two companies were formed ; 
one in Yorkshire, the other in London, both intent 
on colonization in America, and in the same year 
some four hundred persons came over, most of 
them of considerable means. Daniel Coxe was con- 
nected with the London company, and one of the 
largest shareholders ; subsequently he became the 


owner of extensive tracts of land in old Hunterdon 

In 1677 commissioners were «ent b\' the propri- 
etors, with power to buy the lands of the natives ; to 
inspect the rights of such as claimed property, and to 
order the lands laid out ; and in general to administer 
the government pursuant to concessions. These 
commissioners were Thomas Olive, Daniel Wills, 
John Kinsey, John Penford, Joseph Helmsley,^ 
Robert Stacy, Benjamin Scott, Richard Guy and 
Thomas Foulke. They came in the Kent^ commanded 
by Gregory Marlow. This was the second ship from 
the East to the Western parts. After a tedious passage 
they arrived at Newcastle the 16th day of June. 
King Charles, the Second, pleasuring on the Thames, 
came alongside in his barge and knowing where they 
were bound asked if they were all Quakers and gave 
them his blessing. They landed their passengers, 
consisting of two hundred and thirty persons, above 
Raccoon creek, where the Swedes had some scattering 
habitations. There were too manj' of them to be all 
provided for in liouses and consequently some were 
obliged to lay their beds and furniture in cow-stalls 
and places of that sort. One of the most inconvenient 
things to which they were exposed was the snakes, 
which took up their abode frequently upon the hovels 
under which they slept. Some of the passengers in 
this ship were of good estates in England, but most of 
them were Quakers. The commissioners who had left 
them before this and arrived at Chygoe's Island (aft- 
erward Burlington) went to treat with the Indians 
about the land there and to regulate the settlements. 
They not only had the proprietors', but Gov. Andros' 
commission for that purpose ; for in their passage 
they had first dropped anchor at Sandy Hook, while 


the commissioners went to New York to acquaint him 
with their design. They believed that the powers 
they had from the pro|5riHrors were sufficient, but' 
due respect for the Duke of York's commission re- 
quired them to call upon his governor. They were 
treated courteously by him, but he asked them what 
they had to show from the Duke, his master. They told 
him nothing, particularly, but that he had conveyed 
that part of the country to Lord Berkely, and that he 
had in turn conveyed it to Byllinge, etc., in which the 
government was as much conveyed as the soil. 

The Governor replied that all that would not clear 
him and that if he should surrender without the 
Dnke's orders it would be as much as his head was 
worth. If they had but a line or two from the Duke 
he would be as ready to surrender to them, as they to 
ask it. The Commissioners did not ask for any ex- 
cuse for their neglect to bring such an order, but in- 
sisted upon their right and asserted their independ- 
ence. Andros, however, clapping his hand upon his 
sword told them that he should defend the Govern- 
ment from them till he received orders from the Duke 
to surrender it. Afterward, however, he backed 
down from that position somewhat and told them that 
h»^ would do all that was in his power to make them 
easy, till they could send home to get redress ; in 
order, thereto, he would commission the same persons 
mentioned in the commission they produced. They 
accepted that and commenced to act as magistrates 
under him, till farther orders came from England, and 
proceed in relation to their land affairs according to 
the methods prescribed by the proprietors. 

»"When aiTived at their Government, they ap- 
plied to the Swedes for interpreters between them and 
the Indians. Lacy Cock, Peter Rambo and Israel 


Helmes were employed. Through their hel^) a pur- 
chase was made from Timber Creek to Raiilvokas 
Creek, and another from Oldman's Greek to Timber 
Creek, xlfter this they purchased hind througli an- 
other interpreter that they employed — Henric Jacobus 
Falconbre — from Rankokas Creek to Assunpink. 
They had not enough Indian goods to pay for the 
last purchase, but gave them what they had to get 
the deed signed. They, however, stipulated not to 
settle on the land till the remainder was i)aid. 

"The deed for the lands between Rankokas Creek 
and Timber Creek bears date the li)th of September^ 
1677; that for the lands from Oldman's Creek to Tim- 
ber Creek, the 21 tit of 8eptenihei\ 1677 ; and that 
from Rankokas Creek to Assunpink, the \Otli of Oct- 
ober^ 1677. By the consideration paid for the lands 
between Oldman s and Timber Creek, a judgment may 
be formed of the rest. It consisted of 30 match- coats, 
20 guns, 30 kettles and one great one, 30 pair of hose, 
20 fathoms of duifelds, 30 i^etticoats, 30 narrow hose, 
30 bars of lead, 15 small barrels of powder, 70 knives, 
30 Indian axes, 70 combs, 60 pair of tobacco-tongs, 60 
scissors, 60 tinshaw looking glasses, 120 awl blades, 
120 fish hooks, 2 grasps of red paint, 120 needles, 60 
tobacco boxes, 120 pipes, 200 bells, 100 jewsharps and 
6 anchors of rum." 

' 'Having travelled through the country and viewed 
the land, the Yorkshire Commissioners, Joseph 
Helmsley, William Emley and Robert Stacy on be- 
half of the first purchasers, chose from the falls of the 
Delaware down, which was hence called the first tenth. 
The London Commissioners, John Penford, Thomas 
Olive, Daniel Wills and Benjamin Scott, on behalf of 
the ten London proprietors chose at Arwaumas — in 
and about Avliere the town of Gloucester now is. This 


was called ^lle second tenth. To begin a settlement 
there Olive sent up servants to cut hay for cattle he 
had bought. When the Yorkshire Commissioners 
found that the others were likely to settle at such a 
distance they told them that if they would agree to 
stay by them they would join in settling a town, and 
that they should have the largest share in .considera- 
tion that they — the Yorkshire Commissioners — had 
the best land in the woods. Being few, and the In- 
dians numerous, they agreed to it. The Commission- 
ers employed Noble, a surveyor, who came in the first 
ship, to divide the spot. After the main street was 
ascertained he divided the land on each side into lots; 
the one on the East among the Yorkshire proprietors, 
the other among the Londoners. To begin a settle- 
ment ten lots of nine acres each were laid out. The 
London commissioners also employed Noble to divide 
the part of the island yet unsurveyed, between the 
ten London proprietors in the manner before men- 
tioned. The town thus by mutual consent laid out, 
,the commissioners gave it the name of New-Beverley, 
then Bridlington, but soon changed it to Burlington. 
Among the heads of families which came in the ship 
last mentioned were John Wilkinson and William 
Perkins. They died on the passage and their fam- 
ilies were exposed to additional hardships, which 
were greatly alleviated by the care of their fellow- 
passengers. Perkins was, during his youthful days, 
impressed with the principles of the Quakers, and 
lived well in Leicestershire ; but coming across an 
account of the country written by Richard Harts- 
horne he was impressed with the advantage that it 
might be be to himself and family and though fifty- 
two years old embarked in this ship with his wife, 
four children and servants. It being late in the Fall 


when they arrived, Winter was aln ost gone before 
they began to build their habitation.-. Ip the mean- 
time they lived in temporary shelters built after the 
manner of the Indian's wigwam. The supplies of 
Indian corn and venison brought by the Indians w^as 
their chief food. These poor -red men were at that 
time comparatively free from the curse of strong 
liquors, and generally very friendly to the Engli^h,. 
although it was thought that endeavor had been nuide 
to make them otherwise by telling them that the 
English sold them the small-pox in their matchcoats. 

The next ship that came over was the WiUing 
Mind., commanded by John Newcomb and having on 
board some sixty or seventy passengers. She dropped 
anchor at Elsingburg. Some settled at Salem ; others-^ 
at Burlington. In this year, 1677, the "Flie-boat 
Martha" also sailed from Hull the latter end of the 
Summer with one hundred and fourteen passengers 
designed to settle the Yorkshire tenth. Several settle- 
ments were started and West Jersey became as early 
as 1680 quite populous. Some heads of families who 
came over in the "Flie-boat Martha" were Thomas 
Wright, William Goforth, John Lynam, Edward 
Season, William Black, Richard Dungworth, George 
Miles, William Wood, Thomas Schooley, Richard 
Harrison, Thomas Hooten, Samuel Taylor, Marma- 
duke Horsman, William Oxley, William Ley and 
Nathaniel Luke ; the families of Robert Stacy and 
Samuel Odas ; and Thomas Ellis and John Botts, 
servants, sent by George Hutchinson, also came in 
the ship. Twenty of the passengers, perhaps more, 
were living forty-five years afterward." — SmWi's 
Hist. N. J. 

"The following, extracted from a letter fromi- 
Mahlon Stacy, one of the first settlers of New Jersey, 


to liis brother Revell and some otliers, is descriptive 
of West Jersey at this period. It is dated 26th of 
April, 1680 : 

"Bat now a word or two of those strange reports you 
have heard of us and our country; I afSrm they are not true, 
and fear they were spoke from a spirit of envy. It is a country 
that produceth all things for the support and sustenance of 
man, in a plentiful manner ; if it were not so I should be 
ashamed of what I have before written. Bat I can stand, having 
truth on my side, against and before the face of all gain-sayers 
and evil spies. I have travelled through most of the places 
that are settled, and some that are not; and in every place I 
find the country very apt to answer the expectation of the 
diligent. I have seen orchards laden with fruit to admii'ation, 
their limbs torn to pieces with the weight, and most deUcious 
to the taste, and lovely to behold. I have seen an apple tree 
fi-om a pippin-kernel yield a barrel of curious cyder; and 
peaches in such plenty that some people took theii' carts a- 
peach-gathering; I could not but smile at the conceit of it. 
They are a very delicate fruit and hang almost like our onions 
that are tied on ropes. I have seen and known this summer 
forty bushels of bold wheat of one bushel sown ; and many 
more such instances I could bring which would be too tedious 
here to mention. We have, from the time called May until 
Michaelmas, great store of very good wild fruits, as straw- 
berries, cranberries and hurtleberries, which are like our 
bilberries in England, but far sweeter ; they are very whole- 
some fruits. The cranberries are very much like cherries for 
color and bigness, which may be kept till fruit comes in again. 
An excellent sauce is made of them for venison, turkeys and 
other great fowl ; and they are better to make tarts than either 
gooseberries or cherries, We have them brought to our houses 
by the Indians in great plenty. My brother, Kobert, had as 
many cherries this year as. would have loaded several carts. 
It is my judgment, by what I have observed, that fruit trees 
in this country destroy themselves by the very weight of their 
fruit. As for venison and fowls, we have great plenty; we 


have brought home to our houses by t!ie Indians, seven oi ' 
eight fat bucks of a day, and sometimes put by as many having- 
no occasion for them. And fish, in tbeir season, are very 
plenteous. •My cousin, Revell and I, with some of my men. 
went last third month into the river to catch herrings ; for at 
that time tliey came in great shoals into the shallows. AVe 
had neither rod nor net, but after the Indian fashion, made a 
round pinfold, about two yards over and a foot high, but left 
a gap for the fish to go in at ; and made a bush to lay in the 
gap to keep the fish in ; and when that was done we took two 
long birches and tied theu* tops together, and went about a 
stone's cast above our said pinfold ; then hauHng these birch 
boughs down the stream, where we drove thousands before 
us, but as many got into our trap as it would hold. And then 
we began to haul them on shore, as fast as fast as three or 
four of us could, by two or three at a time ; and after this 
manner, in half an hour, we could have filled a three-bushel 
sack of as good and large herring as ever I saw. And as to 
beef and pork, there is plenty of it, and cheap; and also good 
sheep. The common grass of this country feeds beef very 
fat ; I have killed two this year and therefore I have reason 
to know it. Besides, I have seen killed this fall in Burlington, 
eight or nine fat oxen or cows on a market day, and all very 
fat. And though I speak of herrings only, lest any should 
think we have little other sorts, we have great plenty of most 
sorts of fish -that I ever saw in England, besides several other 
sorts that are not known there- — as rocks, catfish, shads, 
sheep's heads, sturgeons ; and fowls plenty — as ducks, geese, 
turkeys, pheasants, partridges and many other sorts that I 
cannot remember and would be too tedious to mention. In- 
deed, the country, take it as a wilderness, is a brave country ; 
though no place wiU please all. But some wiU be ready to 
say, he writes of conveniences and not of inconveniences. In 
answer to those I honestly declare, there is some barren land, 
as (I suppose) there is in most placss of the world, and more 
wood than some would have upon their lands ;, neither will 
the country produce corn without labor, nor cattle be got 


without something to buy them, nor bread with idleness — elss 
it would be a brave country indeed. And I question not but 
all then would give it a good word. For my part I like it so 
well I never had the least thougnt of returning to England, 
except on the account of trade. Mahlon Stacy. 

In a letter to William Cook, of Sheffield, and 
others, Stacy wrote thus : 

" This is a most brave place ; whatever envy or evil spies 
may speak of it, I could wish you aU here. Burlington will 
be a place of trade quickly; for here is way for trade; I, with 
eight others, last winter, bought a good ketch of fifty ions, 
freighted her oufc at our own charge, and sent her to Barba- 
does, and so to sail to Saltertugas, to take in part of her lading 
in salt and the rest in Barbadoes goods as she came back ; 
which said voyage she hath accomplished very well and now 
rides before Burlington, discharging her lading, and so to go 
to the West Indies again. And we intend to freight her out 
with oui- own corn. We have wanted nothing since we came 
hither but the compauy of our good friends and acquaintances. 
All our people are very well, and in a hopeful way lo live much 
better than ever they did ; and not only so, but to provide 
well for their posterity. They improve their lands, and have 
good crops ; and if our' friends and countrymen come, they 
will find better reception than we had by far at first, before 
the country was settled as now it is. I know not one among 
the people that desires to be in England again — I mean since 
settled. I wonder at our Yorkshire people that they had 
rather Uve in servitude and work hard all the year, and not be 
three pence better at the year's end, than stu- out of the chim- 
ney-corner, and transport themselves to a place where, with 
the hke pains; in two or three years, they might know better 
things. I never repented my coming hither, nor yet remem- 
bered thy arguments and outcry against New Jersey with 
regret. I live as weU to my content and m as great plenty as 
ever I did ; and in a far more likely way to get an estate. 
Though I hear some have thought I was too large in my 
former, I affirm it to be true ; having seen more with mine 


eyes, in this time since, than ever jet I wrote of. 

Mahlon Stacy. 
" From the Falls of Delaware, in West New 
Jersey, the 2&h day of the Ath month, 1680." 

The death of Sir George Carteret, sole proprietor 
of East Jersey, occurred in 1679, and by will he 
ordered that province to be sold to pay his debts. 
This was done by his ^'' widow and executors, by in- 
denture of lease and release, bearing date the 1st and 
2d of February, 1681-82, to William Penn, Robert 
West, Thomas Rudj'ard, Samuel Gi'oome, Thomas 
Hart. Richard Mew, Thomas Wilcox of London 
(goldsmith), Ambrose Rigg, John Haywood. Hugh 
Hartshorn, Clement Plumsted, and Thomas Cooper, 
their heirs and assigns ; who were thence called tJie 
tweloe proprietors. They, being together so seized, 
in this year published an account of their country, a 
fresh project for a town, snd method of disposing of 
their lands." 

The following are extracts from the above : 
Second The conveniency of situation, temperature 
of air and fertility of soil is such, that there are no less 
than seven considerable towns, viz : Shrewsbury, 
Middletown, Bergen, Newark, Elizabethtown, Wood- 
bridge and Piscataway ; which are well inhabited by 
a sober and industrious people, who have necessary 
provisions for themselves and families, and for the 
comfortable entertainment of strangers and travellers. 
And this colony is ex'perimentall}^ tV)und generally to 
agi'ee with English constitutions 


* >k 

FouKTJi. For lishery, the sea banks thei-e are very 
well stored with variety of tish — for not only such as 
are profitable for transportation, but such also as are 
fit for food there ; as whales, codiish, cole and hake 
fish, large mackerel, and also many other sorts of flat 


and small fish. The bay also, and Hudson's river, are 
plentifally stored with sturgeon, great bass, and other 
scale -fish, eels, and shell -fish, as oysters, etc., in great 
plenty, and easy to take. * ^ * 

Seventh. The land or soil (as in other i^laces) 
varies in goodness and richness ; but generally fertilt-, 
and with much smaller labor than in England. It 
'produceth plentiful crops of all sorts of English grain, 
l)esides Indian corn, w^hich the English planters find 
not only to be of vast increase, but very wholesome 
and good in its use; it also produceth good flax and 
hemp, which they now spin and manufacture into 
linen cloth. There is sufficient meadow and marsh to 
their uplands ; and the very barrens there, as they 
are called, are not like some in England, but produce 
grass fit for grazing cattle in summer season. 

Eighth. The country is well stored with wild deer, 
conies and wild fowl of several sorts — as turkeys, 
pigeons, partridges, plover, quails, wild swans, geese, 
ducks, etc., in great plenty. It produceth variety of 
good and delicious fruits — as grapes, plums, mul- 
berries ; and also apricots, peaches, pears, apples, 
quinces, watermelons, etc., which are here in England 
planted in orchards and gardens. These as also many 
other fruits, which come not to perfection in England, 
are the more natural product of this country. 

NiT^TH. There is also already great store of horses, 
cows, hogs, and some sheep, which may be bought nt 
reasonable prices, with English moneys or English 
commodities or man's labor, where money and goods 
are wanting. 

"Tenth. What sort of mines or minerals there are 
in the earth, aftertime must produce, the inhabitants 
not having yet employed themselves in search thereof ; 
but there is already a smelting furnace and forge set 


up in this colony, where is made good iron, which is 
of great benefit to the country." 

"Elp:venth. It is exceedingly well furnished with 
safe and convenient harbors for shipping, which are 
of great advantage to that country ; and affords al- 
ready, for exportation, great plenty of horses, and 
also beef, pork, pipe-staves, boards, bread, tlour, 
wheat, barley, rye, Indian corn, butter and cheese, 
which they export for Barbadoes, Jamaica, Nevis,' 
and other adjacent islands ; as also to Portugal, Spain, 
the Canaries, etc. Their whale-oil and whale fins, 
beaver, mink, raccoon and martin skins (which this 
country produceth), they transport to Eiigland." 

'•Tjiirteejsith. The Indian natives in this country 
are but few comparative to the neighboring colonies ; 
and those that are there are so far from being forniid 
able or injurious to the planters or inhabitants, thnt 
they are really servicnable and advantageous to the 
English — not only in hunting and taking the deer 
and other wild creatures, and catching of fish and 
fowl fit for food, in their seasons, but in the killing 
and destroying of bears, wolves, foxes, and other 
vermin and peltry, whose skins and furs they bring 
the English, and sell at less i)ri('e than the value of 
time an Englishman must spend to take them. * ^ 
As for passages to this province ships are going hence 
the whole year about, as well in winter as in summer, 
Sandy Hook bay being never frozen. The usual 
price is five pounds per head, as well masters or 
servants, who are ab<)ve ten years of age; all undei- 
ten years and not children at the breast, pay fifty 
shillings ; sucking children pay nothing. Carriage 
of goods is usually fori^y shillings per ton, and some- 
times less, as we can agree. The cheapest and chiefest 
time of the year for passage is from midsummer till 


the latter end of September, when many Virginia and 
Maryland ships are going out of England into those 
pa)"ts ; and such who take them their voyage, arrive 
usually in good time to plant corn sufficient for next 
summer. The goods to be carried there, are, first, for 
people' s own use ; all sorts of apparel and household 
stuff ; and also utensils for husbandry and building ; 
secondly, linen and wool cloths and stuffs, fitting for 
apparel etc., which are fit for merchandise and truck 
there in the country, and that to good advantage for 
the importer — of which farther account will be given 
to the inquirer. 

Lastly. Although this country, by reason of its 
being already considerably inhabited, may afford 
many conveniences to strangers, of which unpeopled 
■connlries are destitute, as lodging, victualling, etc., 
yet all persons inclining unto thesn parts must know 
that, in their settlement there, they will find their 
exercises. They must have their winter as well as 
summer. They must labor before they reap ; and, 
till their plantations be cleared (in summer time), thej^ 
must expect (as in all those countries) the mosquitoes, 
flies, gnats, and such like, may, in hot and fair 
weather give them some disturbance where people 
provide not against them — which, as land is cleared, 
become less troublesome. 

The twelve proprietors' plans and purposes were 
well received especially by the people of Scotland, 
many of whom came across the ocean and took up 
their abode in East Jersey. 

Each of the twelve proprietors soon took another 
partner and made over the particular deeds and they 
were afterwards designated as the twenty-four pro- 
prietors. On the 14th of March, 1682, the Duke of 
York made a new grant of East New Jersey to these 


twenty-four proprietors. 

At this time there were supposed to be about 
seven hundred families settled in the towns of East 
Jersey, which, reckoning five to a family, were three 
thousand and five hundred inhabitants ; besides the 
out plantations which were thought to contain half 
as many more.'' 

Philip Carteret continued to be the governor of 
East New Jersey after the "quinty-partite '' division 
till about the year 1681. -'His salary was geneially 
£50 a year x)aid in country produce, at prices iix^d by 
law; and sometimes four shillings a day besides, to 
defray his charges while a sessions was held. The 
wages t)f the council and assembly, during their sitting 
in legislation, was to each member three shillings a 
day. The rates for public charges were levied at two 
shillings i^er head for every male above fourteen years 

Por the most part the assembly sat at Elizabeth- 
town and held its sessions there, occasionally, how- 
ever, at Woodbridge, and once or more at Middletown 
and Piscataway. 

" Some of the first laws as published by the legis- 
lature at Elizabethtown, were, in substance : That 
persons resisting authority should be punished at the 
dii^cretion of the court ; that men from sixteen to 
sixty years of age should provide themselves with 
arms, on, penalty of one shilling for the first week's 
neglect, and two for every week after; that for burg 
lary, or highway robbery, the first offence, burning 
the hand ; the second, in the forehead — in both to 
make restitution ; and for the tliird offence, death. 
For stealing, the first offence, treble restitution, and 
the like for second and third offence, with such 
increase of punishment as the court saw cause, even 


- CO deatli, if the party appeared incorrigible ; but if 
not, and unable to make restitution, they were to be 
sold for satisfaction or to receive corporal punish- 
meni. That conspiracies or attacks upon towns or 
forts should be death ; that undutif ul children, 
smiting or cursing their father or mother, except 
provoked thereunto for self-preservation, upon com- 
plaint of, and proof from their 23arents, or either of 
them, should be punished with death ; that in case of 
adultery, the party to be divorced, corporally punished 
or banished, or either or all of them, as the court should 
judge proper ; that for night- walking and revelling 
after the hour of nine, the j)arties to be secured by the 
constable, or other officer, till morning, and then, n(jt 
giving a satisfactory account to the magistrate, to be 
bound over to the next court, and there receive such 
punishment as should be inflicted. That the meeting 
of the assembly should be always on the first Tuesday 
■ in November, yearly, and of tener if the Governor and 
Council thought necessary ; and that they should fix 
the Governor's salary — the dei^uties of each town to 
be chosen on the first of January, according to the 
concessions. Any deputy absenting himself at such 
times was to be fined forty shillings for every day's 
absence. That thirty pounds should be levied for 
provincial charges — i. e., £5 to be paid by each town 
in winter wheat, at five shillings a bushel, summer 
wheat at four and six pence, peas at three shillings 
and six pence, Indian corn at three shillings, rye at 
four shillings, barley at four shillings, beef at two- 
pence half-penny per pound, and pork at three-pence 
half- penny. That no son, daughter, maid or servant 
should marry without the consent of his or their par- 
ents, masters, or overseers, without being three times 
published in some public meeting or kirk, near the 


party's abode, or notice being set up in writing at 
some public house near wliere they lived, for fourteen 
days before; then to be solemnized by some approved 
minister, justice, or chief officer, who, on penalty of 
twenty pounds, and to be put out of office, were to 
marry none who had not followed those directions." 

Robert Barclay, a Scotchman, was one of the new 
proprietors of East Jersey. He was the author of the 
noted "Apology" in defence of the Friends and 
Quakers. He was appointed governor of East Jersey 
for life by the unanimous voice of his colleagues, with 
dispensation from personal residence and authority to 
nominate his deputy. He appointed Thomas Rud- 
yard, who arrived about the beginning of 1688. He 
was superseded, however, as deputy-governor, at the 
close of the year, by Gawen Lawrie, likewise of Lon- 
don, the same who had been one of Byllinge's trustees 
for West Jersey. Lawrie was succeeded by Lord Niel 
Campbell, and he by Alexander Hamilton, Esq. 

West Jersey added a great numy settlers to its 
population in 1680 and was tolerably populous. In 
1681, Samuel Jennings having received a commission 
from Byllinge as deputy governor, came to West 
Jersey, called an assembly, and with them agreed 
upon a constitution and form of government. From 
this time on assemblies were lield each yeai' ; courts 
were established in several places and "justice was 
administered in due course of law." Jenning's suc- 
cessors in the executive department were, Thomas 
Olive, John Skeine, AVilliam Welsh, Daniel Coxe and 
Andrew Hamilton. The last named continued to h(jld 
the governorship until* the charter of the proprietors 
was surrendered to the Crown. 

The Duke of York was in 1685, by the death of 
Charles II, raised to the throne as James II, and,. 


notwithstaiiding h^^ had thrice conveyed and confirmed 
to others all the right>^, poweis and privileges he had 
in New Jersey, he lesolved to extend his royal pre- 
rogative over it in older to increase his revenues. 
The propri^rois weie rot silent under this arbitrarj- 
action of the King. In a petition to the King in 
council they recited some of the encroachments of 
Donga n in relation to tlie seizure of vessels tradiuir 
to New Jeisey as calculated to ''overthrow one of 
the mo^t hopeful colonies in America." In a remon- 
strance subsequently presented to the King they 
reminded him that they had not received the province 
as a gratuity, but had expended for it twelve thousand 
pounds ; that under his own confirmation of their title 
and assurance of protection they had sent thither 
several hundred people from Scotland, but as yet had 
received no retums ; and that notwithstanding these 
guarantees their rights had been violated by the 
govern(U' of New York' They indicated their willing- 
ness to submit to an imposition of the same customs 
that were levied in New York, and among other 
prayers requested thar a customs officer might be 
appointed at Perth Am boy The last request was the 
only one granted, as it promised additional revenue 
and did not conflict with the designs he then had in 

"On the 0th of April, 1686, the assembly met for 
the first time at tke new seat of government, Perth 
Amboy. Lawrie was succeeded by Lord Neil Camp- 
bell in the same year. His council was composed of 
Gawen Lawrie, Major John Barry of Bergen, Isaac 
Kingsland of New Barbadoes, Capt. Andrew Hamilton 
of Amboy, Richard Townly of Elizabethtown, Samuel 
Winder of Cheesequake, David Mudieand John John- 
son of Amboy, and Thomas Codrington of Raritan. 


^'Tliis year, 1686, seems to have been a dangerous 
one if the hiw against wearing swords was properly 
founded. According to tliat several persons had 
received abuses and were i)ut in great fear from 
quarrels and chalienges : to X)i't?vent it for the future, 
none, by word or message, were to make a challenge, 
upon pain of six months' imprisonment, without bail 
or niainprize and a ten pound tine. Whoever accepted 
or concealed the challenge was also to forfeit ten 
pounds. No person was to wear any pocket ]>istols, 
skeins, still aders, daggers, or dirks, or other unusual 
weapons, upon jmin of live pounds forfeiture for the 
hrst offence, and for the second to be committed, and 
on conviction imprisoned for six months ; and more- 
over, to i)ay a fine of ten i;)ounds. No planter was to 
go armed with sword, i^istol or dagger, upon penalty 
of five pounds. Officers, civil and military, soldiers 
in service, and strangers travelling upon lawful occa- 
sions were excex)ted." 

In 1687 there was a partial failure of crops in 
West Jersey, and many of the settlers were put to 
great difiicidties. Many families were forced to a(;cept 
the charities of the few who were luckily better pro- 
vided for. Those who lived near the rivers were 
forced to live upon fish for weeks, and some who did 
not, lived upgn herbs. A vessel laden with corn going 
from New England to Philadelphia jiroved an agree- 
able surprise, and i-eadily sold its cargo. Other vessels 
speedily followed and the settlers were not at any 
time afterward put to such straits for want of food. 

"The year 1701 was a memorable era in the his- 
tory of New Jersey on account of the disturbances 
and confusicms that agitated the minds of the people. 
Each province had numy and different proprietors, 
who j)romoted separate and intervening schemes and 


interests. To promote particular purposes, one party 
waiild have the choice and management of the gov- 
ernor, while another refused any but of their own 
nomination ; and a third objected to proposals from 
either Discord prevailed, and everj^ expedient to re- 
store order, union and regularity proved unsuccessful. 
The disorders in East Jersey made such an impression 
on the minds of many of the people, that they readily 
hearkened to overtures made for a surrender of the 
proprietary government. A considerable part of 
West Jersey was also, for similar reasons, disposed 
to a resignation. The proprietors, weary of contend- 
ing with each other, and with the j)eople, drew up an 
instrument, wdiereby they surrendered their right of 
government to the crowii, wdiich was accepted by 
Queen Anne on the 17th of April,' 1702." 

As soon as the transfer of the right of government 
from the, proprietors to the Queen had been made, 
Queen Anne again united East and West Jersey and 
gave its government into the hands of her kinsman, 
Edward Hyde, Lord Cornbury, grandson of the Chan- 
cellor, Earl of Clarendon. "The commission and in- 
structions which Cornbury received formed the con- 
stitution and government of the province, until its 
declaration of indepnndence. The new government 
was composed of the Governor and twelve councilors, 
nominated by the Crown, and an assembly of twenty- 
four members, to be elected by the people, for an in- 
dehnate term, whose sessions were to be held, alter- 
nately at Perth Amboy and Burlington. Among the 
numerous instructions given to the Governor was one 
directing 'to permit liberty of conscience to all per- 
sons (except Papists,) so they may be contented with 
a quiet and peaceful enjoyment of the same, not 
giving offence or scandal to the government;' also 


stating that, ' Forasmuch as great inconveniences 
may arise by tlie Hhertii of priiitiiuj in our said 
province, you to provide by all necessary orders, that 
no person keep any press for printing, nor that any 
book, pamphlet or other matters whatsoever, be 
])rinted without your special leave and license first 
obtained/ '" 

At this time it is said that there were about 
20,U()0 inhabitants belonging to the province— 1,200 
of whom belonged to East and 8,000 to West Jersey. 
There were about 1,400 militia. The trade of the 
X)rovince was considerable. To the West Indies it 
sent agricultural produce ; to the English ■market, 
furs, skins and tobacco ; to Spain. Portugal and the 
Canary Islands, oil, fish and other provisions. 

Lord Cornbury came over from England in 1703 
and held the office of Governor for five years, when 
the loud complaints of the people forced the Queen to 
revoke his commission. He w^as heavily in debt and 
as soon as he lost his ofhce his creditors i)ounced upon 
him and put him in prison in the same province that 
lie had governed. There he remained till his father 
died. He was by his father's death elevated to the 
peerage and entitled to his liberty. Lord Cornbury 
was almost universally detested -by his people. His 
behavior was trifling, mean and extravagant. He 
would dress himself /// ioome?i,s dothinr/ and patrol 
the fort in which he lived. Such low freaks exposed 
him to ridicule and contempt He kindled the indig- 
nation of the people by his despotic rule, savage 
bigotry, insatiable avarice, and injustice, not oidy to 
his x)rivate creditors, but to the i)ublic as well. 

The successor of Cornbury was John, Lord Love- 
lace, Baron of Hurley, who summoned the council to 
meet him at Bergen, December 20th, 1708. The 


.hopes entertained, from his exalted character, of a 
peaceful and happy time during his administration, 
were not realized. He died on the succeeding 5th of 
May. The governorship now devolved u^jon Lieuten- 
ant-governor Ingoldsby, wdio laid before the assembly 
the design of the Crown respecting an expedition 
against Canada. " The assembly prepared three 
bills, one for raising £8,000 and another for enforcing 
its currency, and a third for the encouragement of 
volunteers going on the Canada expedition. These 
bills having received the Governors assent, the house 
was adjourned to the iirst of November, to meet at 
Burlington. They met accordingly, bnt deferred 
business till December, when they sat ten weeks, 
passed eighteen bills, were then adjourned, and after- 
ward x^rorogued, from time to time till dissolved by 
(Tovernor Hunter in 1710. 

According to ^'^'//iIW s Hid. of N. J. this action 
of the Assembly in raising £3,000 "began the paper 
currency in New Jeisey. The care of the legislature 
respecting it, in this and all the succeeding emissions, 
being to render the funds for sinking, according to 
the acts that created it, secure, and to prevent the 
currency failing in value ; by changing the bills as 
they became ragged and torn, and allowing no re- 
emissions on any other account whatever. It has 
thence, from the beginning, preserved its credit and 
proved of great service to the proprietors in the sale 
of their lands, and to the settlers in enabling them to 
purchase and contract, and pay English debts and go 
on with their improvements. The securities, when 
issued on loans, were double the value in lands, or 
treble in houses, and hve per cent interest ; but now 
(1765) there is none current on this footing. The 
funds for sinking, by" tax, the money created for 


the expedition and other pnr])oses are nioitguiies 
(secured in the acts that make the respective emis- 
sions) on the estates, real and personal, in The province; 
hence they are secured as firmly as the x^rovince itself. 
They are legal tender to all the inhabitants in the 
province, and elsewhere, but not to others, except 
while in the province, Tlif remittances of this prov- 
ince to England, being chietly from New York and 
Philadelphia, and the bills no legal tender there, they 
can never operate to the prejudice of English debts, 
let exchange be as it may ; because none there are 
obliged to take them. This is a particularity only 
belonging to the state of trade of New Jersey and 
renders a paper currency there free from the objection 
usually made against it in England." 

Governor Hunter administered the affairs of the 
province for ten years, from 1710 to 1720, and then 
returned to England, having resigned in favor of 
William Burnet, the son of the celebrated Bishop. 
He loved money and had a ready art of procuring it. 
He drifted into gambling schemes and lost consider- 
able money. He made a tolerably acceptable officer. 
During Governor Burnet's administration the assem- 
bly pas-ed some remarkable bills, one of Avliich was 
to fix the salary of the Governor for five years at 
£'500 per annum, and that authorizing the issue of 
£40,000 in bills of credit, with the view, principally, 
of increasing the circulating medium of the colony. 
"The country had been drained of its metallic currency, 
and as the pajier currency of the neighboring colonies 
was not a legal tender in the j)i^ynit>iit of debts, much 
embarrassment was produced. They sometimes paid 
their taxes in broken plates, ear-rings and wheat. 
Forty thousand pounds in bills the value of from one 
shilling to three pounds, were issued by the govern- 


ment to borrowers, on the pledge of plate or real 
estate, at live per cent ])er annum. The whole sum 
was apportioned to the cotinties in which loan offices 
were established ; the bills were made current for 
twelve years, and were made a legal tender for debts. 
In 1780 another act added £20,000 to this medium and 
were made current for sixteen years. All these issues 
. (although at one period they were at a discount of 
sixteen per cent) were fully and duly redeemed."* 

(Tovernor Burnet after this continued to preside 
over Xew Y'ork and New Jersey, till 1727 ; when he 
was removed to Boston and succeeded by John Mont- 
gomery. Esq. Hh continued till his death, which 
happened in the summer of 1781. To him succeeded 
William Crosby, Esq. He continued till his death in 

The government here then devolved upon the 
president of the council. John Anderson, Esq. He 
died about tAvo weeks afterward and was succeeded 
by John Hamilton. Esq. (son of Andrew, governor in 
the proprietors" time.) He governed nearly two 
vears. In the summer of 1738 a commission arrived 
to Lewis Morris, Esq., as governor of New Jersey, 
separate from New Y'ork. He continued till his death 
in the sfjring of 1746. He was succeeded by President 
Hamilton. He dying, it devolved upon John Reading, 
Esq.. as the next eldest councilor. He exercised the 
office till the summer of 1747, when Jonathan Belcher, 
Esq.. arrived. He died in the summer of 1757, and 
was succeeded by John Reading, Esq., president. 
Francis Bernard, Esq., arrived as governor in 1758 ; 
he was removed to Boston and succeeded by Thomas 
Boone. Esq., in 1760. He was removed to South 
Carolina and succeeded here by Josiali Hardy, Esq., 

* See Gordon's Hist, of New Jersey, pp. 94-96. 


in 1761. He was removed and afterward appointed 
consul at Cadiz/' 

The next and last of the roval (governors was 

*■ CD 

AA'illiani Fi-anklin, Esq., son of Dr. Benjamin Franklin. 
During the year 176:3 a treaty of peace was signed by 
Great Britain and France. By its terms Canada was 
ceded to the British king, ''and the colonies secured 
from the ravages of French and Indian wars, whicij 
had continued for more than half a century." 

AVhen the English government through their 
prime minister, the celebrated Mr. Pitt, called upon 
the colonies to do something to subdue the French in 
America, ''the Assembly of New Jersey, instead of 
raising, reluctantly, five hundred men, doubled that 
number, and, to fill the ranks in season, offered a 
bounty of twelve pounds p^r man, increas* d the pay 
of the officers, and voted $'2o0,00() for their main- 
tenance. They at the same session directed barracks 
to be built at Burlington. Trenton, New Brunswick. 
Amlioy and Elizabethtown, competent reach for the 
accommodation of three hundred men. This comple- 
ment of one thousand men New Jersey kept up during 
the years 1758, 1759 and 1760 ; and in the years 1761 
and 1762 fui-nished six bundled men, besides in the 
latter year a company of sixty- four men and officers, 
especially for garrison duty ; for which she incurred 
an average expense of j?20(),()(H) per annum." 

New Jersey was frijm the first among the foremost 
in resisting the ari-ogant demands of British tyranny. 

The people, early in July, 1774, met in the differ- 
ent counties and ]iassed resolutions stoutly condemn- 
ing the acts of parliament. "They nominated deputies 
to meet in convention for the purpose of electing 
delegates to the general congress about to meet in 


The delegates that were sent from New Jersey 
leported the proceedings of this congress to the 
ai^senibly January 11, 1775, by whom they were 
iimmimously approved. 

"The joint action of the colonies- was opposed 
by their royal governors, who threw every obstacle 
in their power to prevent its accomplishment. Gov. 
Franklin refused to summon the assembly, notwith- 
standing the x^etitions of the people ; therefc)re the 
first delegates to congress were elected by a conven- 
tion. The second provincial convention met at Tren- 
ton, May 28, 177.5, and directed that one or more 
companies of eighty should be formed in each town- 
ship or corporation ; and in order to raise necessary 
funds, imposed a tax of ten thousand pounds. The 
provincial congress of New Jersey reassembled Aug- 
ust 5th, 1775, and directed that fifty-four companies, 
each of sixty-four minute men, be organized. These 
troops were formed into ten battalions ; in Bergen, Es- 
sex, Middlesex, Monmouth, Somerset, Morris, Sussex, 
Hunterdon and Burlington, one each ; in Grloucester 
and Salem, one ; while in the counties of Cumberland 
and Cape May were independent light infantry and 
rangers. But the chief measure of this congress was 
the perpetuation of the authority which they had 
assumed ; they therefore resolved and directed, that, 
during the continuance of the controversy between 
Great Britain and America, the inhabitants qualified 
to vote should yearly choose deputies to the provin- 
cial congress, who now took upon themselves the 
management of the affairs of the colony, relating to 
their rights and liberties." 

The legislature was convened by Gov. Franklin 
the 16th of November, 1775. He made a speech to 
the assembly seemingly for the purpose of getting an 


assurance of personal safety from tlieni. and a denial 
of all intentions to pr(jclaini iiidependeiife. He i)ro- 
rogued the house on the ()th of De(eni])e)' till January 
Bd, 1776, but it nev^er came together again ; and thus 
terminated the provincial legislature of New Jersey" 
At the time the provincial congress of New Jersey, 
(June 10, 1776) convened at Burlington the General 
Corif/ress of the United Colonies was in session in 
Philadelphia, and on the memorable Fourth of July 
declared themselves free and independent States. On 
the 18th of July the provincial congress assumed the 
tide of the '"State Convention of New Jersey." 
Governor Fraid^:lin was powerless during the progress 
of these events as the tide of public opinion was too 
strong for him to attemj^t to interfere. He made a 
proclamation, however, on the 30tli of May summon- 
ing the house in the name of the King to meet on the 
20th of June. The provincial congress took notice of 
this i)roclamation and by a vote of thirty-five to eleven 
decided that it ought not tc> be obeyed and further 
that Governor Franklin had by this proclamation 
shown himself an enemy of the people and their lil)er- 
ties and that for their safetj^ his j)erson ought to be 
secured. "This was done; and by an order of the 
Continental Congress, on the Sfirh of June, the de 
posed Governor was sent, under guard, to Governor 
Trunibull of Connecticut, who was desired to take his 
parole, and in case he refused, to ti'eat him agreeably 
to the resolution of Congress respecting prisoners. 
This request was immediately cc^n:; lied with. On his 
release he sailed for Engltnid \^"l.• m lie received a 
pension for his losses." 

"The first legislature of -independent New Jersey 
convened at Princeton, August 27th, 1776, and on the 
31th of the same month Williom. T/iTriKjsioiu',, Esq., 


was, in joint ballcjt, chosen governor of the State ; 
and, being annually re-electe'l, continued in office for 
fourteen years. his adniinistration, the State 
was the the:: tie of war for several vears. In the revo- 
lutionary struggle, her losses, both of men and prop- 
erty, in proportion to the x:)opu]ationandv7ealthof the 
the State, Avas greater than any other of the thirteen 
States. As General Washington was retieating throiigli 
the Jerseys almost forsaken, her militia were at all 
times obedient to his orders, and for a considerable 
time coniposetl the strength of his army. There is 
hardly a town in the State that lay in the progress of 
the British army that was not signalized by some en- 
terprise or exploit. At Trenton the enemy received a 
check which turned the tide of war. "In the summer 
of 1778 bir Henry Clinton retreated with the British 
army from Philadelphia through New Jersey to New 
York. The battle of Monmouth signalizes this retreat. 
The military services peiformed by the soldiers of 
New Jersey, and the suffering of the peojJe dining 
the Eevolutionary War, entitle her to the gratitude 
of her sister States. Because of her patriotic spirit, 
her sacrifices of blood and treasure, her good and true 
men who marched gallantly to battle and death at 
their country's call, she is entitled to stand in the 
foremost rank among those who fought and struggled 
for American freedom. 


(2 9 

^T would be in vain to pretend to give a paiticu- 


lar account of all the different tribes or nations 
of Indians that inhabited these provinces be- 
fore the Europeans came among them, there being a 
tribe, probably, in some parts, for every ten or twentj' 
miles, which were commonly distinguished by the 
names of creeks or other noted places where they 
resided ; thus, there were the Assunpink, the Shack- 
amaxon, the Rankokas, the Mingo, the Andastaka 
and the Neshamine Indians ; and those around Bur- 
lington were called the Mantas ; but these and others 
were all of them distinguished from the Indians far- 
ther back, who were a morn wai'like ])eople, by the 
general name of the Delawares. The nations most 
noted from home that sometimes inhabited New Jer- 
sey, and the tirst settled parts of Pennsylvania, were 
the Naraticongs, on the north side of Haritan River, 
the Capitinasses, C-facheos, the Manseys, the Pomp- 
tons, the Senecas, and the Manguaas ; this last was 
the most numerous and powerful. Different nations 
were frequently at war with each other, of which 
husbandmefi sometimes lind remaining marks in their 
fields. A little below the Falls of Delawai'e on the 
Jersey side, at Point-no-point in Pennsylvania and 
several other places, were banks that had been thrown 
up for intrenchments against incui'sions of the neigh 
boring Indians, who, in their canoes, used scmietimes 
to go in warlike bodies from one province to anotlier. ' 


•'It was customary with the Indians of West 
Jersey, when rhey buried their dead, to put family 
utensils, bow^, and arrows, and sometimes money 
(wampum) into the grave with them as tokens of their 
affection. When a person of note died far from the 
place of his own residence, they would carry his bones 
to be buried there ; they washed and perfumed the 
dead, painted the face and followed singly. They 
left the dead in a sitting posture and covered the grave 
like a pyramid. They were very careful in preserv- 
ing and repairing the graves of their dead and pen- 
sively visited them. They disliked to be asked their 
j udgment twice about the same thing. They generally 
delighted in mirth ; were very studious in observing 
the virtues of roots and herbs, by which they usually 
cured themselves of many bodily distempers, both by 
outward and inward applications. They frequently 
used sweating and the cold bath." "The manner for 
a bath was first to inclose the patient in a narrow 
cabin, in the midst of which was a red-hot stone; this 
frequently wet with water, occasioned a warm vapor ; 
the patient sufficiently wet with this and his own 
sweat, was hurried to the next creek or river, and 
plunged into it ; this was repeated as often as neces- 
sary, and sometimes great cures performed. But this 
rude method at other times killed the patient, not- 
withstanding their hardy natures ; especially in the 
small-pox and other European disorders." They had 
an aversion to beards and would not suffer them to, 
grow, but plucked the hairs out by the roots. The 
hair of their heads was black, and generally shone 
with bear's fat, particularly that of the women who 
tied it behind in a large knot, sometimes in a bag. 
They called persons and things by^the name of things 
remarkable, or birds, beasts and fish ; as, pea-Jiala, a 


diu'k ; can/aiwuk, a goose; qiiink-ipdul-. a tit: pi/l- 
liqj^jd, a buck ; ssT/liifids^ a wild-cat ; and tliey ob- 
served it as a rule, wlieii tlie rattlesnake gave notice 
by his rattle before they approached, not to hurt 
him ; but if he rattled after tliey had passed they im- 
mediately returned and killed him. They were very 
loving to one another ; if several of them camt- to a 
Christian's house, and the master of it gave one of them 
victuals and none to the rest, he w^juld divide it into 
equal shares among his companions ; if the Chiistians 
visited them they would give them the iirst"cut('f 
their victuals ; they would not eat the hollow nf the 
thigh of anything they killed. Their chief employ- 
ment was hunting, fishing, fowling, making canoes, 
bowls and other w^ooden and earthen ware ; in all 
which they were, considering the means, ingenious. 
They boiled their water in tlieir earthen bowl^. Their 
women's business chieliy consisted in planting Indian 
corn, J arching or roasting it, jiounding it to meal in 
mortars, or breaking it between stones, making biead 
and dressing victuals ; in which they were sometimes 
observed to be very neat and cleanly and sometimes 
otherwise. They also made mats, rox^es, hats and 
baskets (some-very curious) of wdld hemp and roots, 
or splits of trees. Tlieir young women were originally 
very nujdest and shame-faced, and at marriageable 
ages distinguished themselves with a kind of woi-ked 
mats, or red or blue baga, interspersed with snuill 
rows of white and })lack wampum, or half rows of 
each in (me, fastened to it, and then put lound the 
liead, down to near the middle of the forehead. Both 
young and old women would be highly offended at 
indecent expressions unless corrupted with drink. 
They would not allow the name cf a friend after his 
death, to V*^ mentioned. They sometimes streaked 


their faces with bhick. when in mouruina: ; but when 
I heir affairs went Avell they painted red. They were 
great obser\ier.s of the weather by the moon ; delighted 
, in tine clotlies ; were punctual in their bargains, and 
observed this so much in others that it was very diffi- 
cult for a person who had once failed therein to get 
any dealings with them afterwai'd. In their councils 
they Seldom or never interrupted or contradicted one 
another till two of them had made an end of their 
discourse ; for if ever so many were in company only 
two must speak to each other ; and the rest be silent 
till their turn came. Their language was high, lofty 
and sententious. Their way of counting was by tens, 
that is to say, two tens, three tens, four tens, etc.; 
when the number got out of their reach they pointed 
to the stars or the hair of their heads. They lived 
chieliy on maize, or Indian corn, roasted in the ashes, 
sometimes beaten and boiled with Avater ; they also 
made an agreeable cake of their pounded corn, and 
raised beans and peas. But the woods and rivers 
chiefly supplied them with food. They pointed their 
arrows with a sharpened, flinty stone. They had a 
larger sort with withes for handles with which they 
cut their wood. Both of these sharpened stones are 
frequently found in the fields. They ate on the ground 
morning and evening. They were naturallj^ reserved, 
apt to resent and conceal their resentments and retain 
them long, but w^ere liberal and generous to the Eng- 
lish. They were observed to be uneasy and impatient 
in sickness for a present remedy, to which they com- 
monly drank a decoction of roots in spring water, 
forbearing tiesh, which if they ate at all, must be of 
the feminine gender. They took remarkable care of 
their sick while hoj^e of life remained ; but when that 
Avas gone some of them were apt to neglect the patient. 


Their goverument was monarchial and successive and 
mostly of the mothers side to prevent a spurious 
issue. They commonly washed their children in cold 
water as soon as born ; and to make their limbs 
straight tied the child to a board and hung it to their 
backs when they travelled. The children usually 
walked at nine months old. Their young men mar- 
ried at sixteen or seventeen years of age. if l)y that 
time they had given sufficient proof of their manlK'od 
by a large return of skins. The girls married at thir- 
teen or fourteen, but stayed with their mothers to 
hoe the ground, bear burdens, etc.. for some years 
after marriage. The women in travelling usually car- 
ried the luggage. Tlie marriage ceremony was some- 
times thus : the relations and friends being present, 
the bridegroom delivered a bone to the bride. ?he an 
ear of Indian corn to him ; meaning that he was to 
provide meat, she bread. It was not unusual to 
change their mates upon disagreement ; the children 
going to the one that loved them best. The expense 
was of no moment to either. In case of disagreement 
about the children the man was allowed the lirst choice 
if the children were divided, or if there was but one. 
Very little can be said as to their religion. Much, 
pains were taken by the early Christian settlers to 
inform them respecting the use and benefits of the 
Christian revelation and to fix restraints, but general- 
ly with unpromising success, though instances have 
now and then happened to the contrary. They are- 
thought to have believed in a God and immortality 
and seemed to aim at public worship. When they 
did this, they sometimes sat in several circles, one 
within another. Their worship consisted of singing, 
dancing, jumping and shouting, but performed as 
somethincr h winded down from their ancestors, v^ithout 


any knowlf^dge ^r inquiry as to its seriousness or 
oricrin. Thev said that the sreat kincr who made 
them dwelt in a glorious country to the southward, 
and that the spirits of the best should go there and 
livp again. Their most solemn worship was the sacri- 
fice of the first-fruits, in which th^y burnt the fiist 
and fatrest buck, and feasted together upon what else 
they had collected : but in this sacrifice broke no 
bones of any <Teature they ate. ^^^len done they 
gathered them up and buried them very carefully. 
These have since been frequently plowed up. They 
distino-uished between a good and evil manetta. or 
s|^rit : worshipped the first for the good they hoped : 
and some of them are said to have been slavishly dark 
in praying to the last for deprecation of evils they 
feared : but if this be true in a general sense some of 
the tribes much concealed it from our settlers. They 
did justice upon one another for crimes among them- 
selves, in a way of their owti. Even murder might be 
atoned for by feasts or presents (d wampum. The 
price of a woman killed was double that of a man. 
because s7ie bred children, icTifch man covM not do. 
If sober they rarely quaiTeled among themselves. 
They lived to sixty, seventy, eighty or even ninety be- 
fore rum w:ks introduced, but rarely have they attained 
to that age since. Sometribes were commendably care- 
ful of their aged and decrepit, endeavoring to make - 
the last of life as comfortable as they could. It was 
pretty generally so except in cases of desperate decays; 
then indeed they were apt as in other cases of the like 
kind to neglect them. They were keen and strict 
observers of property, yet to the last degi'ee thought- 
less and inactive in acquiring and keeping it. ]S'one 
could excel them in liberality of the little they had. 
for nothing was thought too good for a friend; a 


knife, gun or any such thing given to one, frequently 
passed through many hands. Thei;- iLouses or wig- 
wams were sometimes together in towns, but mostly 
movable, and occasionally tixed near a spring or other 
water, according to the conveniences for hunting, 
fishing, basket-making or other business of that sort, 
and built with x>ol^s laid on forked sticks in the 
ground, with bark, Hags or bushes on the top and 
sides with an opening to the south, their fire in the 
middle ; at night they slei)t on the ground with their 
feet towards it ; their clothing was a coarse blanket 
or skin thrown over the shoulder, which covered to 
the knee, and a piece of the same tied round the legs, 
with part of a deerskin sewed round their feet for 
shoes. As they had leai-ned to live upon little, they 
seldom exi)ected or wanted to lay up much. They 
were also moderate in asking a price for anything 
they had for sale. When a com2)any travelled together 
they geneially followed each other in silence. Scarce- 
ly ever were two seen by the side of one another. In 
the road the man went iirst with his bow and arrow, 
the woman after, not unfrequently with a child on 
her back and other burdens besides ; but when these 
were too heavy the man assisted. To know their 
walks again, in unfrequented woods they heaped 
stones or marked trees. 

In person they were upright, and straight in their 
limbs, beyond the usual proportion in nu)st nations. 
Their bodies were strong, but of a strength rather 
fitted to endure hardships than to sustain much bodily 
labor ; very seldom crooked or defoiiued. Their fea- 
tures were regular ; their (.'ountenanc;es sometimes 
fierce and more resembling a Jew than Christian ; 
the color of their skin a tawny reddish -brown and the 
whole fashion of their lives of a piece, hardy, poor 


and squalid. When they began to drink they gener- 
ally continued it as long as they could tind anything 
with which to purchase more. When drunk they 
often lay exposed to th^^ inclemencies of the weather, 
which introduced a train of new disorders among 
them. They were grave, even to sadness upon any 
common, and more so upon any serious occasions ; 
observant of those in company and respectful to the 
old ; of a temper cool and deliberate ; never in haste 
to speak but waited for a certainty that those who 
spoke before them had linished all he had to say. 
They seemed to hold European vivacity in contempt, 
because they found such as came among them apt to 
interrupt each other and frequently speak all to- 
gether. Their behavior in public councils was strictly 
decent and instructive ; every one in his turn was 
heard, according to rank of years or wisdom, or ser- 
vices to his country. Not a word or vv^hisper or mur- 
mur while any one was sj^eaking ; no interruption to 
commend or condemn ; the younger sort were totally 
silent. They obtained tire by rubbing wood of par- 
ticular sorts (as the ancients did out of the ivy and 
bays), by turning the end of a hard piece upon the 
side of one that was soft and dry ; to forward the heat 
they put dry, rotten wood and leaves ; and with the 
helj) of tire and their stone axes, they would fell large 
trees and afterward scoop them into bowls, canoes, 
etc. From their infancy they w^ere educated to en- 
dure hardshii:)S, to bear derision and even blows 
patiently ; at least with a composed countenance. 
Though they were not easily provoked, it was hard to 
appease them when it did happen. Liberty in its 
fullest extent w^as their ruling passion ; to this every 
other consideration was subservient. Their children 
were trained up to cherish this disposition to the ut- 


most ; tliey were indulged to a great degree, seldom 
chastised with blows, and rarely chided ; their faults 
were left for their reason and the habits of the family 
to correct. They said these could not be great before 
their reason commenced. They seemed to abhor a 
shivish motive to action as inconsistent with their no- 
tions of freedom and independency. Even strong 
persuasion was industriously avoided as bordering too 
much on dependence, and a kind of violence offered 
to the will. They dreaded slavery more than death. 
They laid no hues for crime, for they had no way of 
exacting them : the atonement was voluntary. Every 
tribe had j)articulars in whom they reposed confidence, 
and unless they did something unworthy of it, they 
were held in respect. What were denominated kings, 
were sachems distinguished among the above. The 
resi)ect paid them was voluntary and not exacted or 
looked for, or the omission regarded. The sachems 
directed in their councils and had the chief disposition 
of lands. To help their memories in treaties they had 
belts of white and black wampum ; with these closed 
their periods in speeches, delivering more or less ac- 
cording to the importance of the matter treated of. 
This ceremony omitted all that they said passed for 
nothing. They treasured these belts when delivered 
to them in treaties, kept them as the records of the 
nation, to have recourse to ui)on future contests. 
Governed by customs and not by laws they greatly 
revered their ancestors, and followed them so implic- 
itly that a new thought or action seldom intruded. 
They long remembered kindnesses ; families that en- 
deav(jred to deal with them fairly and treat them hos- 
pitably even if no great kindness were received were 
sure of their trade. It must be allowed that the un- 
corruj^ted heart seldom fails to be grateful foi- real 


favors received. And notwithstanding the strains of 
l)ertidy and cruelty wliich in 1754 and since have dis- 
graced tlie Indians on the frontier of these provinces, 
even these, by an uninterrupted intercourse of seventy 
years, had, on many occasions, given unimpeachable 
proofs of liberality of sentiment, hospitality of action, 
and impressions that seemed to promise a continuance 
of better things. But of them enough at present." 

"Among a people so immediately necessary to 
eaeh other, where property was little thought of, and 
the anxiety of increasing it less, the intercourse natur- 
ally became free and unfettered with ceremony. 
Hence every one had his eye on his neighbor Mud mis- 
understandings and mistakes were easily rectified. 
No ideas of state or grandeur ; no homage of birth, 
rank or learning; no pride of house, habit or furniture ; 
very little emulations of any kind to interrupt ; and 
so mudi together they must be friends, as far at least 
as that term could be properly applied to them : this 
was general in some of the tribes. Attachments of 
particular ones to each other were constant and 
steady in some instances far exceeding what might be 
expected. Companies of them frequently got togeth- 
er to feast, dance and make merry. This sweetened 
the toil of hunting. They scarcely knew, however, 
what it was to toil, for hunting and dancing com- 
prised it all. A life of dissipation and ease, of uncer- 
tainty and want, of appetite, satiety indolence and 
sleep, seemed to be the sum of their character and the 
chief thing that they aimed at. 

" Notwithstanding the government was successive, 
it was, for extraordinary reasons, sometimes ordered 
otherwise. Of this there is an instance in the old 
king Ockanickon, who dying about this time at Bur- 
lington, declarer! himself to this effect : 


"* It was my desire that my brother's son, lahkursoe,. 
should come to me, and hear my last words ; for Inm have I 
appointed king after me. 

'"My brother's son, this day I deliver my heart ^nto your 
bosom ; and mind me, I would have you love what is good, 
and keep good company; refiise what is evil, and by all means" 
avoid bad company. 

" ' Now, having delivered my heart iuto your bosom, I also 
deliver my bosom to keep my heart in ; be sure always to 
walk in a good path, and if any Indians should speak evil of 
Indians or Christians, do not join in it, but look at the sun 
from the rising of it to the setting of the same. In speeches 
that shall be made between the Indians and Christians, if any 
wrong or evil thing be spoken, do not join with that ; but join 
with the good. When speeches are made, do not you speak 
first ; be silent and let all speak before you, and take good 
notice what each man speaks, and when you have heard all, 
join to that which is good. 

" ' Brother's son, I would have you cleanse/your ears, and 
take all foulness out that you may hear both good and evil, 
and then ^oiu with the good and refuse the evil ; and also 
cleanse your eyes that" you may see good and evil, and where 
you see evil, do not join ■with it, but join to that which is good. 
" ' Brother's son, you have heard what has passed ; stand 
up in time of speeches ; this do, and what you desire in reason 
wiU be granted. Why should you not follow my example '? 
I have had a mind to be good, and do good, and therefore do 
you the same, h'heoppy and Swampis were to be kings in my 
stead, but understanding, by my doctor, that Sheoppy secretly 
advised liim not to cure me, and they both being witli me at 
John IloUingshead's liouse, I myself saw by them, that they 
were given more to drink than to take notice of my last worcls ; 
for I had a mind to make a speech to them, and to my breth- 
ren, tlie English conmiissioners ; therefore I refuse them to 
be kings after me, and liave now chosen my brotlier's son, 
lahkursoe, in their stead to succeed me." 

" ' BROTHEit's SUN, I advise you to be plain and fail* with 



all, both ludiaus and Christians, as I have been ; I am very 
weak, otherwise I would have spoken more." 

"After the Indian had delivered this council to 
his nephew, T. Budd, one of tlie i^roprietors, being 
I)resent, took the opportunity to remark that ' there 
was a great God who created all things ; and that he 
gave man» an understanding of what was good and 
bad ; and after this like rewarded the good with 
blessings, and the bad according to their doings.' 

"He answered: 

" ' It is very true, it is so ; there are two ways, a broad 
and a straight way; there are two paths, a broad and a straight 
path ; the worst and the greatest number go in' the broad, the 
best aud fewest in the straight path.' " 

This king dying soon afterward, was attended to 
his grave in the Quaker's burial-jDlace in Burlington, 
with solemnity, by the Indians in their manner, and 
with great resi)ect by many of the English settlers, to 
w^hom he had been a sure friend. The foregoing his- 
tory of the Indians is as given in ^'^diHJi^s History of 
New Jersey. 

The following interesting matter in regard to the 
Indians is taken from New Jersey Historical Collections 
and was published in the Neioark JSentinel, entitled 
"Glimpses of the Fast in NewMersey'': 

"During the dominion of the Dutch, hostile rela- 
tions existed on two or three occasions. De Vries 
tells us (New York Historical Collections) that, in 
1680, thirty- two men were killed by the Indians on 
the Delaware ; and he gives a detailed account of 
difficulties with those of East Jersey in 1640 and 1643. 
In the former year an expedition fitted out against 
those on the Raritan, accused, although wrongfully, 
of having committed thefts and other trespasses, 
caused some of the leading chiefs to be maltreated, 


and led to retaliatory measures iij)on the settlers of 
Staten Island, who were killed and their plantations 
broken up, 

"This matter, in connection with the refusal of 
the Indians to give up the author of a murder subse- 
quently committed, brought on hostilities. The 
Dutch authorities were guilty of great duplicit}', in 
beguiling the natives into the belief that no evil was 
brewing against them ; for they directed that ' the 
kind intercourse and the trade in corn should be con- 
tinued with them as before, till God's will and prop 
er opportunity is offered.' This opportunity came 
early in 1648. The Indians in the vicinity of Fort 
Orange (Albany) having commenced a war with their 
more southern brethren. Gov. Kieft joined with them 
and, on tlie night of the 2r)-20tli of January a detach- 
ment of troops was sent over to Pavonia, and eighty 
Indians were murdered in their sleep, or in attempt- 
ing to escajie. 'This was the feat,' says De Yries, al- 
luding to a remaik of the Governor in relation to it, 
'worthy of the heroes of old Rome, to massacre a par 
eel of Indians, and to butcher them in the i^resence of 
their parents, and throw their mangled limbs into the 
tire or water. Other sucklings had been fastened to 
little boards, and in this position they were cut to 
j)ieces. Some were thrown into the river, and when 
the parents rushed in to save them, the soldiers pre- 
vented theii- landing, and let the parents and chil- 
dren drown.' As the orders given to the officer com- 
manding the expedition, as they appear on the 
record, wei-e 'to spare as much as it is possible their 
wives and children, and to take the savages prisoners,' 
we might attribute this cruelty entirely to the excited 
passions of the men; but the same author tells us 
they were rewarded, and that 'the same niglit forty 


In'lians ni(»re were murdeied at Corlaer's plantation." 
Such a warfare conld not fail to exasperate the 
natives ; and we are told that, as soon as they became 
aware that these massacres were by the whites (for 
from the secrecy observed and the darkness of the 
night, they thought they had been attacked by their 
enemies, the Maqnas), they murdered in the country 
a^l the men they could hnd ; but more human than 
the whites, spared the females and children. Houses 
and barns, grain and hay, were destroyed, and war 
waged for a month or more. In March, a peace was 
concluded which lasted only till Octol)er ; when three 
or four soldiers, stationed at Pavonia foj' the protec- 
tion of a family, having been attacked, war was re- 
newed ; and so serious was its characiter, that in March, 
1644, the authorities of New Amsterdam, proclaimed 
a solemn fast, to deprecate the anger of Jeliovah. 

Peace was permanently restored the following- 
year ; and as, in their distress, they had fasted, so 
now the good burghers rejoiced, and kept a day of 
public thanksgiving and praise. We hear of no fur- 
ther disturbances from this time; and in 1664 the 
English came into possession of the country. Of 
course, the unsettled state of the intercourse with the 
Indians had interfered most materially with the settle- 
ment of this portion of New Netherlands. 

.There are no data by which a true estimate can 
be formed of the number of Indians within what are 
now the limits of New Jersey, when iirst population 
began to change the character and aspect of the coun- 
try ; but probably there were more than two thousand 
when the x^rovince was taken under the dominion of 
the English. An old pamphlet in the Philadelphia 
Library, printed in 1648, to induce emigration under 
the grant to Sir Edward Ployden, states that the na- 


tives ill this section of the country were under the 
dominion ol' about twenty kings ; that there were 
"twelve hundred under the two Raiiran kings on the 
north side, next to Hudson's river, and those come 
down to the ocean about Little Egg Bay and Sandy 
Barnegat : and about the Smitli Cape two small kings, 
of forty men apiece, called Tirans and Tiascans ; and 
a third reduced to fourteen men at Reymont. The 
seat of the Raritan king is stsited t<* have been called 
(bv the English) Mount Ploiiden, ' twentv miles from 
Sandhayseu. and ninety from the (jcean ; next to 
Antara liilL the retired ■paradise <>/' the vliUdren of the 
Etldopiaii emperor — a w(mder, foi- it is a square rock, 
two miles compass, one hundred and fifty feet hiiili, a 
wall-lik»- preci[)ice. a straight entrance easily nuide 
invincible, where he keeps two hundred for his guards, 
and under is a tiat valley, all plain, to [»'ant and sow/ 
•• The writer is at a loss to looate this 'Mount' 
and 'retired paradise', if such actually existed, save 
n the imagination of 'Beauc-ham]» Plantagenet, Esq'; 
as hn knows of no place answei-ing the description. 
On early maps of New Jersey, an Indian path is des- 
ignated, running from the mouth of Shrewsbury river 
in a nortliwesterlv direction, crossiuii- the Raritan a 
little to tlie westward of And^oy ; and thence in a 
northernlv direction to Minisiidv island, in the Dela-. 
ware River, near the nortliern boundary of the State. 
This was pi-obal>ly Ihnir gr('at thoroughfare. Tl:e 
>sV///7//Vv/7/.v, the deadly enemies of tin-' M<nili(itfu\ but 
whom DeLeat fhai-actei-i/ps as a l)ettpi' and more de 
cent peoplt', inhabit<-d that [>art of the jirovince lying- 
west of Staten Island; and furtli^r south were the 
Narotie(rn(/s^ 3r(ir(ir((,iico)Kfs, and other bianclies of 
the great Delaware tiibe 

• \V]ien the province came into tlie possession of 


Ijirds Berkely and Carteret, they consulted the peace 
and happiness of the settlers, by the establishment of 
the best regulations foi- intercourse with the natives. 
They say to their governor and councilors should they 
* happen to find any nativt^s in our said province, and 
tract of land aforesaid, that then you treat them vv'ith 
all humanity and kindness, and not in any way grieve 
or oppress them, but endeavor by a Christian caiTiage 
to manifest piety, justice and charity ; and in your 
conversation with them ; the manifestation whereof 
will prove beneficial to the planters, and likewise 
advantageous to the propagation of the gospel (East 
Jersey Records).' And in order that they might be 
protected from the arts of designing men, their lands 
were not allowed to be i^urchased excepting through 
the Governor and council, in the name of the lords 

'Tt was to bex^'esumed, however, that intercourse 
-with such varied characters as ever constitute the iirst 
population of a new country, would present many 
causes for outbreaks and disputes.^ The assembly, 
therefore, early took measures to guard against such 
difhciilriesby prohibiting all trade with them ; nnd in 
1675, whfU some apprehensions were f-ntertained the 
sale t<j ihem of aniniunition was prevented, as well as 
the repairing of their firearms ; and the continuance 
of peace was, in subsequent years, still further secured, 
by prohibiting the sale, gift, or loan to them of any 
intoxicating drink. These wholesome restrictions, 
modified as. occasion required, continued in force 
under the government of the twenty-four proprietors, 
and that of the crown which succeeded. Mrs. Mary 
Smith in a manuscript account of the first settlement 
of Burlington, quoted in Watson's Annals, says, 'the 
Indians were very civil, bronght them corn, venison,. 


and bar<>aiiied also for Tlieir land.' It was said tliat 
an old Indian king si^oke prophetically, before his 
death, of the increase of rlie whites, and the diminu- 
tion of his race. Such predictions were current among 
them as earlv as 1680. At the time Perth Ambov was 
settled (1(»84). there appears to have been only a few 
natives in that vicinity •. and those wdio visited the 
place are represented as very serviceable to the settlers, 
from the game they caught, and the skins and furs 
they procured and sold to them.'" 

The lirst serious outbreak occuired in ll^C), but, 
so soon a.'^ a hostile feeling became ap|)arent, the leg- 
islature apjiointed commissioners to examine into the 
causes of dissatisfaction. A conventiiiii was held at 
Crosswicks, for the ]»ur[)Ose, i]i January. ITofJ ; and 
in March, 1757, a bill was passed calculated to I'einove 
the difficulties which had grown out of inqiositions 
upon the Indians when intoxicated, the destruction of 
deer by traps, and the occupation of lands by the 
whites which they had not sold.— (Neville's Laws, Vol, 
II, p. 12r».) I)u)-ing this year, however, and the first 
part of 1758, the w^estern bordei-s of the province were 
in much alarm fnmi the hostile feeling prevalent 
among the Minisink and neighboring tribes — from 
May, 1757, to ,lune. 175^. twenty-seven murders hav- 
ing been committed by them on the West Jersey side 
of the Delaware. A fonstant guard was kept under 
arms, to protect the inhaV)itants : burit^vns not always 
abb' to clicck the prcdatoi'v excursions of the savau'es. 

In -June, 1758, Gov. liernai'd of New Jersey con- 
sulted General Forbes and Gov. I)(^nnv of Pennsvl- 
vania, as to the measures l)est cahnhited to put a stop 
to this unpleasant warfare; and thiough TccrliUH- 
vliuiKj, king of the Delawares, lie obtained a confer- 
ence with the Minisink and the Pompton Indians, 


protection being tissnred tliem. It shows no little 
regard for truth, and the prevalence of a humane and 
forgiving spirit, on the part of the whites, as well 
as conti(ience on the part of the Indians, that tlie one 
party should venture, after what had passed, tu place 
themselves so cumpletely in the hands of their ene- 
mies, and the other to profit not thereby. 

••The conference took place at Burlington, Aug- 
ust 7th, 17t")8: On the part of the province, there 
were present the Gfovernor, three commissioners of 
Indian affairs of the house of assembly, and six mem 
bers of the council. Two Minisink or Manse v Indians, 
one Cayugan, one Delaware messenger from the Min- 
goians, and one Delaware who came with the Mini- 
sinks, were the delegates from the natives. The con- 
ference opened with.,a si)eech from the governor. He 
sat holding four strings of wampum and thus ad- 
dressed them : "Brethren, as vou are come from a ions: 
journey, through a wood full of briars, with this 
stiing I annoint your feet, and take away their sore- 
ness ; with this string I wipe the sweat from your 
bodies ; with this strinu' I cleanse your eves, ears and 
mouth that you may see, hear and speak clearly- ; and 
I particularly annoint your throat, that every word 
you say may have a free i)assage from the heart. 
And with rliis string I bid \ on heartih- welcome.' 
The four strings were then delivered to them. The 
]-esult of the conference was, that a time was fixed f.^r 
-holding another at Easton, at the request of the In- 
dians ; that being, as they termed it, the palace of the 
'old council fire.' 

••Tliejlet passed in 17o7 appropriated £1,600 for 
tlie purchase of Indian claims ; but, as the Indians 
living south of the Raritan preferred receiving tlieir 
pro[)ortion in land specially ailotte:! f.^r their occu- 


pancy, 3044 acres, in the townsliip of Eveshani, Bur- 
lington county, were x>urciiased for them. A hoiiye 
ot worship and several dwellings were subsequently 
erected, forming the town ot Brothei-ton ; and as the 
Selling and lt:-asing of any portion of the tract was 
prohi))ited, as was also rlie settlement upon it uf any 
persons other than Indians, the hainiony 
appears ro haw prevailed between irs inhabitants and 
their white neighbors (Allison's Laws, p 221). 

"On the 8th "of October, 17r)8. the conference 
commenced at Easton. It was attended by the Lieu- 
tenant-governor of Pennsylvania, six of his council, 
and an equal number of the house of lepresentatives : 
Gov, Bernard of New Jersey, five Indian commission- 
ers, George Croghan, Esq. (deputy Indian agent 
under Sir William Johnson), a number of magistrates 
and freeholders of the two provinces, and live hun- 
dred and seven Indians-, comprising delegations from 
fourteen different tribes. (xovernor Dennv, being 
obliged to return to Philadelphia, the business of the 
conference was mainly conducted by Gov. Bernard, 
who in its numagement evinced no small degjee of 
talent and tact. It was closed on the 2r)tli of 0( tober; 
and the result- was the lelease. by rhe Minisink and 
Woj^ping Indians, of all lands claimed l)y rheni with- 
in the limits of New Jersey for ihe sum ofi:10()0. 
Deeds were also obtained from the Delawares and 
other Indians, and they were all desired to remember 
.'that by these two agreements the province of New 
Jersey is entirely freed and discharged from all In- 
dian <-]aims.' At least such was the opihion of Gov. 
Bernard and the Indians ; but the assembly, the en 
suing March, in answer io the Governor's speech, 
mention a snuill claim of the Totamies, and some pri- 
vate claims, still outstanding. The minutes of this 


iateresting conference are printed at length in StnitlCs 
Histoni. Tiie (xovernor recommended to the succeed- 
ing assembly the continuance of a guard, and the es- 
tablishment of a regular trading house; but neither 
measure was adopted. The amicable relations thus 
hap[)ily begun, I'emained undisturbed for several 
years. In 1764, a frontier guard of two hundred men 
was again ke[>t up for some time, in ccmsequence of 
disturbances in Pennsylvania ; bur the alarm soon 

•'In 1769, Gov. Franklinattended a convention lield 
with the six nations, by several of the colonial gov- 
ernors, and informed the assembly, on his return, that 
rhe}' had publicly acknowledged repeated instances 
uf the justice of the New Jersey authorities in bring 
ing the murderers of Indians to condign punishment ; 
declared that they had no claim or demand whatsoever 
on the province ; and in the most solemn manner con- 
ferred on its government the distinguished title of, 
Safinriglrwii/of/Hha or the great arbiter, or doer of 
justice— a name which, the governor truly remarked^ 
reflected high honor upon the province. 

''In 1^02, the small remnant of these original 
possessors of the soil, remaining in Burlington county, 
obtained permission to sell their lands and remove to 
a settlement on the Oneida Lalve. in the state of New 
York, where they continued till 18-^4 ; when, with 
other Indians, they purchased from the Menominees 
a tract bordering on Lake Michigan, and removed 
thither. In 1832, the New Jersey tribe, reduced to 
less than forty souls, applied to the legislature of the 
State for remuneration on account of their rights of 
hunting and fishing on enclos'^d lands, which they 
had reserved in tlieir various agreements and conven- 
tions with the whites. Although no legal ciuim could 


be substantiated, yet the legislature iu kindness and" 
through compassion for the vvandeiejs, directed the 
treasurer to pay tli^ir agent two thousand dollars,, 
upon tiling in the office of the secretary a full relin- 
quishment of all the rights of his tribe (Gordon's NeAv 
Jersey), Thus was extinguished every legal and 
equitable claim of the Indians to the soil of New- 
Jersey — a fact which must gratify eveiy citizen of. 
the State." 


Cfi (•,' 

^-l(^R the beastly vice (»I (lruiik<-iniess the tirst 
^J laws iiiliicted lines of one sliilliiig, two shil- 
lings, and two shillings and six'f.eiice, 1'. -rthe 
tiist three ;>ft'ences, with rorporal punishment, shonld 
the offender be unable to pay; and if nnruly he was, 
to be put in tlie storks until sober. In 1682 it was 
treated more rigoronsiy; each offence incurred a tine 
of live shillings* and if n()t pnid the stocks received 
a tenarxt for six hours ; and constables not doing their 
duty under the law. were fined teti shillings foi' each 
neglect. This increase of })unishment indicates that 
there v/as a growth in the vice, which may have- been 
attributable in part to the removal of restrictions on 
the sale of liquors, in small quantities, which had 
previously been imposed." 

'•In 1608 each town Avas obliged to keep an 'ordi- 
nary' for the relief and enteriainment of >tr:ingcrs. 
under a penalty of forty shillings foi' each month's 
neglect ; and ordinaiy-keepers al(»ne wer-- |)ei niirted 
to retail liquors in less quantities than two gallons. 
In 1677 the quantity was reduced to one gallon, nnd 
in 1683 liquoi- dealers were debarred the x>iivilege of 
recovering debts for liquor sold; but whatevei- good 
this might have done was destroyed by the assend)]y 
authorizing others than keepers of inns to retail siiong 
liquors by the quart. In 1692, 'forasniuch as there 
were great exorbitances and drunkenness ol)St4]'vabie 


in several towns, occasioned by tolerating many per- 
sons in selling drink in private houses' an attempt was 
made to estahlisli an excise; but the iollowing year 
it was repealed, and the licensing of retailers coiitided 
to the GiAernor." 

*'The observance of the Lord's day was required 
by abstaining from all servile work, unlawful recre- 
ations, and unnecessary travelling. Any disorderly 
conduct could be punished by confinement in the 
stocks, tines, imprisonment or \vhii»}»ing. In 1704, 
under the administration uf Lord Cornburv, man^- of 
the early i)rohibitions were re-enacted ; l)ut by that 
time, it would seem that the use of ardent spirits be- 
gan to l^e considered necessary and essential for man's 
happiness, as keepers of public houses were not to 
'allow tii)pling on the Lord's day, exa^tfor necessary 
refreshinent.' ^^ 

'" 'All iirizes, stage plays, games, mascpies, revels, 
bull-baitings, and cock lightings, which excite the peo- 
ple to rudeness, cruelty, looseness and irreligion' were 
to be discouraged and punished l)y c;ourts of justice, 
according to the nature of the offence. Night-walkers 
or revellers, after nine o'chtck were to be secured by 
the constable till morning ; and, unless excused on 
examination, \u be bound over to court. 

"Swearing or 'taking (rod's name in vain,' was 
nuide punishal)le by a shilling line for each offence, as 
early as 16H8, and such continued to be the law until 
J(;m2, when a si)ecial act provided that the fine should 
be two shillings and six])ence ; and if not paid the 
offender was to be placed in the stocks or wliipped 
according t(» liis age, whetlier under or over twelve." 

"Tlie resistance of lawful authority, by word or 
action, or the express km of disrespeelful Jmifpiage re- 
ferrjiui in those, in, oJlfioe, was made punishable either 


hv tiii'^, cori)oral punishment, or by banishment. 
Sabse(Hi-'ntly all Jiais were included — for the second 
offence incurring a lin^- of twenty shillings : and if 
the tines were not paid, the culprits received corporal 
punishment, or were put in the stocks." 

The following proclamation is interesting. It was 
made by Mr. Basse, who was sent over by the ten 
proprietors in 1 097 as governor of the Eastern prov- 
ince. He seems to have adopted the motto which the 
common seal of the twenty-four had upon it. yiz.: 
" Righteousness exalteth a nation." 


'"It being necessary, for the good au'l propriety of 
this province, that onv principal care he. in obedience 
to th^ laws of God, and the wholesome laws of this 
province, to endeavor as much as in us lyeth the ex- 
tirpation of all sorts of looseness and i)ror)hanity. and 
to unite and join in th'^ t>ar and love of God and of 
one another, "that by the religious and virtuous car- 
riage and behavior of every one in his respe<'tive sta- 
tion and calling, all heats and animf»sities and dissen- 
sions may vanish, and the blessings of Almighty God 
accompany our honest and lawful endeavfvrs, and that 
we may join our aifections in the true support of 
majesty's government over us, who has so often and 
so generously exposed his royal i)erson to imminent 
danger to redeem us from the growing power of 
popery and arbitrary government, and hath, by a 
singular blessing attending his endeavors, procured 
our deliverance and a happy and honorable peace, and 
is a great example and encourager of religion and vir- 
tuous living, — I have therefore thought ht, by and 
with the advice of the Council of this province of 
East Jersey, strictly to prohibit all inhabitants and 
sojourners within this province from cursing, swear- 
ing, immoderate drinking. Sabbath breaking and all 
sorts of lewdness and prophane behavior in word or 
action ; and for the true and effectual performance 
hereof, I do, by and with the advice aforesaid, strictly 


cliarii-e nnd coniniaiid all Justices of th^ I'eace, SliH-- 
iffs, Constables, and all otlier officers uirliiii the prov 
ince, that they take due care that all the laws made 
and piovidnd for the suppressing of vice and encour- 
aging of rnligion and virtue, ]»articuLu"ly t^he observa- 
tion of thn Lord's day, be dulv put in execution, as 
they will answer the c(jntrary ar their peril. (liven 
under the seal of said province this eightli day of 
April, Anno Dom., 161>S, in the tenth year of the 
reign of our Sovereign Lord AVilliani the Third over 
Enghmd, etc.. King. J. Basse. 

'• /^// tlic (roi-crtHti' s coin maud. 
"Jolih Barclajj, 

' • Dep . *sVc' // and Rc(f r.'" 


•n _ . 

KW Jersey, one of the origiual thirteen States, issitu- 

uated between tlie Debiware Hiver and Bay and the 
• Hudson liiver and Athmtic Ocean. Its extreme 

leiiyth is 1G7 miles, i^Te.itest breadth 5i» miles, least 32 miles, 
giving an area ot Tblo square miiej^. It lies between latitude 
vJ8 degrees, 5(5 minutes, and 41 degrees, 21 minutes, north, and 
longitude 78 degrees, ~A minutes, and 75 degrees, 38 min- 
utes, west. It has a coast front of 120 miles, not counting 
the coasts of Karitan and Delaware Bays. Its harborage 
emln-aces New York Bay, besides Newark and Earitan Bays. 
There are several estuaries which pierce the State fi'om 
Little Egg Harbor, Barnegat, Manasquan. affording means 
of transportation by vessels. Besides these the whole sur- 
face of the State is drained by numerous rivers and small 
streams, em|)tying into the Atlantic from its eastern water- 
shed or trom its western slope into the Delaware, which 
i'.»rius the western boundary. Immense saline marshes stretch 
<ilong the banks of Delaware Bav and adjoin many of the 
interior streams ; nearly all of them, however, are utiltzed as 
meadow.-. Some of the hnv lands along the coast have been 
redeemed from the sea by levies thrown up to kecj) back 
the tides, with trap sluices for drainage in low tide. 

The north-western portions of the State are diveriiticd 
by precipitous ni;;u;itain ranges rising to the height of fiuiu 



1,000 to 1,800 feet above tide water. On one of these ))eaks. 
near Raniapo, is a projecting rock called the Toin. wli erf- 
tradition says (^reneral "Washington (whose encampment laid 
in the valley close by) often stood with his telescope to get 
a gliiiipse of the movements of the British when they held 
New York. 

Iron ore is found in !t\issex, Passaic, Moriis and War- 
ren counties. Rich beds of zinc ore are found in Sussex 
county. Various kinds of sandstone, among which is the 
famous red variety, juagnesian limestone, blue-tinted and 
other kinds of stone are quarried in large quantities for 
building purposes. Slate, for rooting and school purposes 
are extensively- quarried on the eastern slope of the Blue- 
range. Fire clay and l^otsdam clay are extensively dug 
in the vicinity of Woodbridge, Amboy and Trenton. Sand, 
for glass manufacture, is procured in lai-ge quantities, near 
Millville, Winslow and Jackson. 

The soil has been greatly improved by the best system 
of agriculture known, the incentive to Avhich is found in the 
large demand for fruits, berries and vegetables from the 
adjacent cities of NeAV York and Philadelphia. To supply 
this demand the central portions of the State, esiDecially 
those nearest to these cities have been converted into imjuense 
gardens, from which these products are speedily sent to mar- 
ket during their season. 

New Jersey is among the foremost in manufacturers^, 
especially those of iron and glass. The largest of these are 
at Jersey City, where steam is the power used, but these 
factories are distributed throughout the State where Avater 
power is found. 

The Morris Canal extends from Jersey City to Piiil]y)s- 
burg, a dtstance of 101 miles, and lias a large carrying trade in 
coal and heavy mercliandise. The Delaware and Raritan 
Canal connects Trenton on the Delaware, with Brunswick 
on the Earitan, and has a feeder 22 miles long from Bull's 
Island. It lias about 2,000 miles of railroad, the most im- 
portant of wliich are those which connect New York and 


Philadelphia, and the New York aud Erie and its feeders. 

Tlio proximity of the State to two citie.> of such magnitude 
at* Now York and Philadelphia, prevents the centralization of 
trudc to uny portion ot iiei own territory sufficiently to produce 
metropolitan cities, lint it is oniy a fair liypothesis that the State 
receives from the cities of" lier adjacent States a larger tribute in 
su])plyino- their wants, than slic pays to them in purchasing their 

In sumuier resorts the State is especially favored. Long 
Branch and Ocean Grrove are crowded with visitors from the great 
cities. Cape May, Atlantic City, Seabright, etc., also present 
great attracticms to the seekers of pleasure and comfort, and 
throughout trie whole State at farms and villages are scattered, 
during the hot months, thousands who tiee from the cities. 

The public schools of New Jersey are excellent, about 210,- 
000 pupils being enrolled and 3,300 teachers. 

The State- Nurical School at Trenton is i>f great excellence, 
.ind has connected witl' it a model tiainino- school. The higher 
sthi^ols of tiie State are justly celebrated, and number 4 colleges, 
4 collegiate schools for women, 3 scientific schools (one being 
the State Agricultural and Scientific College connected with 
iiutgurs), and 4 schools of theology. The New Jersey State 
Lunatic Asylum is at Trenton, which has also a State Industrial 
School for Girls; and there is a State Keform School for juvenile 
delin(|uents, near Jamesburg, and a well-managed home for sol- 
diers' children at Trenton, with a branch for colored soldiers' 
orphan,-- at Bridgewater. At Hoboken is Stevens' Institute of 
Technology, one of the leading schools of its kind m the United 

The churches of all denominations report 1,504 church or- 
uanizations, 1,455 church edifices, 573.303 sittings, 1,421 minis- 
ters, 18.5,160 members, and )|19,043,510 value of church prop- 
erty. The Methodists number 7l,t3 n-in'ou's, almost double 
that of any other denomination. The Presbyterians come next 
with 40,003 members. New .Jersey has 192 newsi)a(»ers, with an 
aggregate circulation of 243,600. 



Governors of New Jersey. 

William Livinji'ston, IVsO-OO i Daniel Haines, 

William Patterson, 
Richard Howell, 
Aosepli Bloomtield, 
Jaron Ogden, 

Wm. S. I'ennington, 1S13-15 

Mahlon Dickerson, 1M5-17 

Isaac 11. Williamson, isiT-r^g 

l*cter D. Vroom, ls-29-82 

Sainuei L. Southard, Is32-:i3 

Elias P. Seely, 1833 

I'eter D. Vroom, 1S33-30 

]*hilemon Dickerson, 1S36-37 

William Pennington, 1837-43 

79il-'.14 Charles C. Stratton, 
1 794-1 s(t] ; Daniel Haines, 
l8(il-]2 I George F. Fort, 
lsl2-i:^ ! Rodman M. Price. 

William A. Newell, 
Chailes S. (31den, 
Joel Parker, 
Marcus L. NN'ard, 
Theo. F. Randolph, 
Joel Parker, 
Jos. D, Beedle, 
Geo. B. McClellan, 
Geo. C. Ludlow, 

Atlaiidc Counly, 




Cape May 

Cumberland " 







Leon Abbett, 


is,7«i4 I Middlesex (,'<>nii:y 

36,786 , .Mo.imuiith " 

a.5,4u2 hM. viis 

62,942 I Ocean 

9,765 j Passaic " 

37,687 'Salem 

l8U,!r,j;J ' Somerset " 

25,886 >ussex " 

187,944 Union " 

38,570 Warren " 

5^^,061 i Total, - 

1843 44 

23,5 3!) 



« G S 

r^ N act was i)assed by the Geiierai Assembly in 
CM. 1709 erecting and bounding the old counties 
""^^ ^-^ of New Jersey. PreVions to this, how- 
ever, eight had been formed. In 1675, Salem, 
Monmouth and Essex were formed ; in 1677. Cxlonces- 
ter ; in 1682, Middlesex ; in 1688, Somerset ; in 1692, 
Cape May, and in 1694, Burlington. In 1702 upon 
the x)roprietors surrendering their charter to Queen 
Anne, Eagt and West Jersey were united linder one 
government and the royal authority extended over 
them. The iirst four assemblies, held at Bergen and 
Burlington, did nothing toward detifting the civil di- 
visions of the provincf^. 

The tifth assembly held at Burlington in 1709, 
passed an act dividing thf' boundaries of al] the coun- 
ties in the province as follows : *' In the Eastern divis- 
ion, the county of Bergen should begin at Constable's 
Hook, and so run up along the bay and Hudson River 
to the partition point between New York, and so to 
run along the partition-line between the provinces and 
the division-line of the Eastern and Western divisions 
of this province to Pequanock River ; and so to run 


down the iSdiJ Pe^uunock River and Passaic River to 
the ISoand, and so to follow the Sound to Constable's 
Hook where it began. 

'"Essex began at the nioutli of the Railway river 
wheie it ialls into the Sound, and ran up said river to 
Robinson's Branch ; thence west to the division-line 
between the Eastern and Western divisions, and so to 
follow the said division-line to tlie Pequanock River, 
where it meets the Passaic River ; thence down the 
Passaic River to the bay Sound : thence d(swn the 
Sound to wliere it began 

•'The county of Somerset began where Bound 
Brook empties itself into the Raritan River ; thence 
down the stream of Raritan to the mouth of a brook 
kn<nvn by the name of Lawrence's brook ; thence run- 
ning up tile said Lawrence's brook to Canbury brook; 
from the?ice south forty-four degrees, westerly to 
Saupiiick brook, to the said division-line to the limits 
of the aforesaid county of Essex ; thence east along 
the line (.f Essex county to Green brook and Bound 
Brook to whert- it l>egan. 

"Middlesex county began at the mouth of the 
iTe^k that parts the lands of George Willocks and 
what we)v formerly Capt. Andrew Brow^n's; thence 
along the said Cnpt. Andrew's line to the rear of ^aid 
land ; thence upon a direct course to Warne's bridge.. 
(Ml iht' brook 'where Thomas Smith did formerly live'; 
thence upon a direct course to the southeast corner of 
]^:nclay tract of land that lies near Matchaponix ; 
thence to the most southeastermost part of said tract 
of land in Middlesex county: thence upon a diiect 
line to Sau[)inck bridge on the high road, including 
Wiliinm .loues. William Story, Thomas Buchanan 
Mud John (iuberson, in Monmouth (;ounty ; thence 
along fh.' said r..;id to Aaron Robin's land; thence 


westerly along the said Robin's land and James Law- 
rence's line to the line of the eastern and western di- 
visions aforesaid, inclading Robin's and Lawrence's 
in Monmouth connty ; thence northerly along the 
said line to Sanpinck brook, being part of the bounds 
of said Somerset county ; thence following the lines 
of the said Somerset and Essex counties, and so to the 
Sound ; and thence down the sound to Amboy Point ; 
and from thence down the creek to where it lirst be- 
gan. The partition line between Burlington and 
Gloucester counties began at the mouth of Pensau- 
quin, otherwise Cropwell, creek; thence uj) the same 
to the fork ; thence along the southernmost branch 
thereof — sometimes called Cole's branch — until it 
comes to the head thereof, which is the bounds be- 
tween Samuel Lipincote's and Isaac Sharp's lands ; 
thence upon a straight line to the southernmost bnnk 
of Little Egg Harbor's jnost southerly inlet ; tlience 
along the line of the seacoast to the partition-line be- 
tween East and West Jersey ; thence along the said 
line of partition, by maidenhead and Hopewell, to the 
northernmost and uttermost bounds of the township 
of Amwell ; thence by the same to the river Delaware; 
thence by the river Delaware to the first-mentioned 

" The beginning point of Gloucester county was 
at the mouth of Pensauquin creek ; thence up the 
same to the forks thereof ; thence along the said 
bounds of Burlington county to the sea ; thence along 
the seacoast to Great Egg Harbor River ; thence up 
said river to the forks thereof ; thence up the southern- 
most and greatest branch of the same to the head 
thereof ; thence upon a straight line to the head of 
Oldman's creek ; thence down the same to the Dela- 
ware River ; thence up the Delaware River to the 


place of beiinniiiG,-. 

" Cape May county began at the mouth of a small 
creek on rlie west side of" Btipsori's Island, called 
Tecak's ci'rek ; thence up the said creek ''as far as 
tide tl<nvet h : tlieace along the hounds of Salem county 
to tilt- southernmost main branch of Great Egg Harbor 
Rivei' ; thence down the said river to the'sea ; thence 
alon^ the sea.coast to the Delaware bay, and so up 
the said bay to the place of beginning. 

"This last section subjected Somerset county to 
the jurisdiction of the courts and officers of Middle- 
sex, f<jr want of a competent number of inhabitants to 
lioid couits and supply jurors, and enacted that jurors 
might 1>H taken promiscuously from both to either of 
the said counties, but was altered on March 11, 1713. 

"The (people of western New Jersey previous to 
March 1 1th, 1718, attended conrt in Burlington. This 
was, however, very inconvenient and an act was i)assed 
by the General Assembly March lUh, 1714, erecting 
the county of Hunterdon, to wit : 

"That all and singular of the lands and ui)X>er 
parts of the said western division of the province of 
New Jersey, lying noi-thward or situate above the 
brook or rivulet commonly called Assanpink, be 
erected into a county named, and from henceforth to 
be called, the county of Hunterdon; and the said 
brook or rivulet commotdy known and called Assan- 
Itink shall be the boundary-line between the county 
(»/ l»uilingt(m and Ihe said county of Hunterdon." 

The General Assembly passed an act in 1738 by 
wbicli Morris county was taken from Hunterdon. 

" Sussex County was erected from tiie upper part 
of Mniris county by an a(;t of the GeTieral Assembly 
j)assed June ^, 17r)3, with liouudaries as follfMvs : 

"That all and singular tiie lands and upper part 


'of Morris county, northwest of Musconetcong river, 
beginning at the mouth of said river where it enipties 
itself into the Delaware River, and running up said 
Musconetcong river to the head of the Great Pond ; 
from thftice northeasr to the lines that divide the 
province t)f New Jersey ; thence along the said line to 
the Delaware River aforesaid ; thence down the same 
to the mouth of the Musconetcong, the place of be- 
ginning, and the said Musconetcong river, so far as 
the county of Hunterdon bounds it, shall be the 
botmdary-line between that county and the county of 

Sussex remained in that way till it was reduced 
to its present dimensions by the detachment of War- 
ren County in 1824. 


The hrst settlement in Sussex County, which then 
included Warren. Avas i)ait of a general movement to- 
wards the west made from the Dutch settlements on 
the Hudson, and was located in the upjtei' valley of 
the Dehiware. " The settlers were of the same Hu- 
guenot and Holland stock — the former born in France, 
from which they had been driven by persecution but 
a few years l>efore, while the latter, if not themselves 
natives of Holland, were the immediate descendents 
of thosf born in ihat ('ountry, which then offered an 
asylum for the persecuted and oppressed of all na- 
tions, and whose struggles in behalf of civil and j-elig- 
ious liberty were so memorable." 

" The first settlers came here directly from Ulster 
County, N. Y.. the tide of immigration setting up the 
Mamakatiiig Valley and thence to the Delaware, down 
which it flowed until it was met by another current 
ascending from Philadelphia. The two currents of 


population which thus met aud mingled in the undent 
valley of the Minisink and s2->read along the border of 
these counties from the Neversink to the Masconet- 
cong were of divers nationalities, yet all uniting in 
one com iron diaracteristic, — a, native love of liberty 
and a desire to tind freedom from the civil ilnd eccle- 
siastical restraints which had burdened and hampered 
them in the Old World. Those coming in from the 
north wei'e Huguenots and Hollanders ; those from 
the south were Welsh, Quakers, Germans and Scotch- 
Irislj, with a considerable intermixture of the Puritan 
of New England, all noted for their struggles for civil 
and religious liberty in the several Eurox)ean countries 
from whence they came. These formed the basis of 
the early population not merely of Sussex and War- 
ren counties, but of the upper Delaware valley gen- 
erally, including the river settlements in the three 
States of New Jersey, New Y^ork and Pennsylvania.'' 

The precise time when the Minisink valley was 
settJed by the Dutch and Huguenots is not clearly 
established. The "Old Mine Road" which it is 
thought was made and used as early as 1650 by a 
conjpany of miners from Holland, was abandoned as 
a mining-road upon the accession of the English rule 
in lf;64. 

''The main body of these men are believed to 
have returned to their native land, yet a few undoubt- 
edly remained and settled in the vicinity of their 
abandoned mines. Here then we have the point at 
which ihe tirst settlement in the County was made. 
Here log ca})ins were built and orchards planted, when 
the sit^ of Philadelj)hia was a wilderness. The Swede* 
in W^est JerBey, and the Dutch and Norwegian set- 
tlers in Bergen, antedate the pioneers of Pahaquarry 
but a few years." 


Settlements in Otiieh Parts of Sussex and 
Wakken Counties.* 

"Our purpose is to give under this head a brief 
summary of the first settlements in Sussex and War- 
ren counties outside of tlie Minisink valley. 

While the latter portion of our territory was be- 
ing peopled as we have • described, immigrants were 
coming in to the southward from quite a different di- 
rection. Lands were patented and settled near 
Phillipsburg by Messrs. Lane and Morrill, from Ire- 
land, about the beginning of the eighteenth century. 
In 17B.5 three brothers named Green settled in that 
part of old Greenwich now known as Oxford town- 
ship. They were soon followed by the McKees, Mc- 
Murtrys, McCrackens. Axfords, Robesons, Shippins, 
Andersons. Kennedys, Stewarts, Loders, Hulls. Scotts, 
Brands. Bowlbys. Swayzes. Shackletons, and Arm- 
strongs, all of whom were Scotch- Ii-ish Presbyterians, 
with the exception of Robeson, the Greens, and pos- 
sibly one or two others. Here as a consequence of 
this unanimity of religious faith and nationality, the 
tirst Presbyterian church in the two counties was 
erected in 1744, following the old Dutch Reformed 
churches of the Minisink within a very few years of 
their date. It may be mentioned that the first pastor 
of the Presbyterian church of Greenwich was Rev. 
James Campbell, and that he was followed by David 
Brainerd, the celebrated missionary to the Indians, 
who'-e labors called him frequently into the vicinity. 
He lived for sonie time at the '' Iri'^h Settlement"' in 
Pennsylvania, now known as Lower Mount Bethel, 
about five miles from Belvidere, where the site .of his 
ancient cabin is still pointed out to the curious trav- 

*Hi>t.>iy of Sussex aiid Warren, 1880, p. 30. 


eller. Tn speaking of Rev. Braiiierd it may be well' 
to notice a singiilar mistake made by Rev. Peter 
Kanoiise in his •* Historical Sf^rmcn." He speaks of 
the Nev»^rsink emi)tying into the Delaware and con- 
stituting what in Hi-. Brain^^rd's time was called "The 
Forks of the Delaware" and where was th»^ field of 
his labors in an Indian settlement named Shakhawo- 
tung, now known as ''Carpenter's Point." It is 
well known that "Tlip Forks of the Delaware" where 
Brainerd had his chief mission, was at Easton, the 
forks being formed by the Delaware and Lehigh, 
which form a conlinence at that point. "Shakhawo- 
tnng." the name of the Indian town, signifies "where 
a smaller stream empties into a larger one, or the out- 
let," shal-vmli being the general Delaware word for 
"the month of a river." 

"The first fni'nace for the manufacture of iron in 
Sussex county was erected by Jonathan Robeson, in 
the then townshiji of Grreenwich. It was commenced 
in 1741, but iron was not run till March 9, 1743. He 
callf'd this Oxford Furnace in compliment to Andrew 
Rol)eson, his father, who had been sent to England 
and educated at Oxford University. Prom this fur- 
nace the town of Oxford — which was formed twenty 
years aft«:'rward — took its name. Jonathan Robeson 
was OUH of the first judges of Sussex county. His 
fatli^r and grandfather both wore the ermine before 
liini in P^^nnsylvania, while his son, grandson and 
great-grandson, each in his turn occupied seats on the 
judicial bench. \Vm. P. Robeson of Warren county 
was the sixth judge in regular descent from his an- 
cestor, Andrew Robeson, who came to America with 
William IVnn and was a member of Governor Mark- 
ham's I'rivy Council. In this country, where the 
accident of bii th confers no special right to stations 


of honor, and wheie ability and honesty are — or 
ought to be — the only passports to public distinction, 
this remarkable succession of officers in one family 
affords a rare example of hereditary merit, and is. so 
far as we know, without a parallel in our judicial 


Another of the first settlements in Sussex and 
Warren was made by meiribers of the Society of 
Friends in that part of ancient Hardwick called "the 
Quaker Settlement." The pioneers in this locality 
came from Maiden Creek (now Attleborough. Pa.) 
and from Crosswicks, N. J., from 1735 to 1740. They 
were the Wilsons, Lundy's and others and must be 
set down as among the very first settiers of ancient 
Harkwick. The settlers here were so few in number 
that when the first farm-house in the settlement was 
erected they were obliged to secure help from Hun- 
terdon county. The heavy timbers then put into 
frames required a greater force to lift them to their 
place than is needed in raising modern frame struc- 
tures, and this may account for the fact that this first 
frame building erected in the settlement stood the 
blasts of more than a century and a half without hav- 
ing been seriously impaired. 

The deed for the ground on which The Friend's 
meeting-house in this place was built was given by Rich- 
ard Penn, a grandson of William Penn, in 1752. Pre- 
vious tothe erection of a mill in this neighborhood the 
people took their grain to Kingwood, in Hunterdon 
county, to be ground. 

Mr. Edsall from reliable date furnished him has 
summed up the settlements in other portions of Sus- 
sex and Warren as follows : "In that pait of ancient 
Newton known as Vernon township there were some 
early settlements principally consisting of tbcse who 


had rirst tried their fortunes in Orange county. One 
Jose])!! Perry, wko had prepared for the erection of a 
house there about the year 1740, could not raise the 
timbers without procuring help from New Windsor. 
Col. De Kay settled in New York upon the edge of 
this township in 1711 ; some of his lands which he 
held under a New York patent now lie this side the 
boundary line. The McComleys, Campbells, Edsalls, 
Winans, Hynards, Simonsons, etc., did not come in 
until just before the Revolution at which period a 
considerable amount of population had spread not 
only over Vernon, but tliroughout Hardystown. 
Joseph Shar[) — the father, I believe, of the late ven- 
era})le Joseph Sharp of Vernon — who had obtained a 
propiietary right to a large body of land stretching 
from Deckertown to the sources of the Wallkill, came 
from Salem county a few years before the Revoluton 
and erected a furnace and forge about one mile south 
of Hamburg, which were known tor some years as the 
'Sharps})orough Iron Works.' This was the sticond 
furnace erected in Sussex county Sharp lost a great 
deal from this enterprise ; and particularly from the 
annoyance which he met with from the sheriff of the 
county, — who, under certain circumstances, is well- 
known to be a most unwelcome visitor — he abandoned 
the works." Robert Ogden removed from Elizabeth- 
town and settled in Vernon in 1765 or 1766. He was 
long one of the judges of the courts of the county, and 
one of its most prominent and patriotic citizens. 
Three of his sons fought in the war for independence, 
and one of tiiem — Col. Aaron Ogden — commanded 
the honoied regiment known as (leneral Washing- 
ton's Life-Guard. 

" From the year 1740 to the close of the Revolu- 
tion there was a considerable immigration of Ger- 


mans. Among the first of this class were John Bern- 
hart and Casper Shafer, his son-in-law. They had 
purchased lands where Still w^ater village now is, of 
persons in Philadelphia, and in the year 1742 by the 
Delaware and the valley of the Paiilinskill, they 
journeyed to their destination and took possession of 
the tra(!t indicated by their title-deeds. They were 
followed in a fe'.v years by the Wintermntes. the 
Snovers, Swartsw^elders. Staleys, Merkels, Schmncks, 
Snooks, Mains, Couses, and a large number of other 
Germans, who settled principally in the valley of the 
Paulinskill, although a portion branched off in other 
directions. Mr. Bernhardt lived only a few years 
after his arrival. He died in 1748, and was the lirst 
person buried in the cemetery of the old German 
church, — the cemt^tery having been us'^d before the 
church was built, v/hich w^as not erected till 1771. In 
the beginning of his life in the backw^oods, Mr. Shafer 
found it necessary to cross the Pahaqualin Mountain 
to gr^t his grist ground ; the mode adopted was that 
of leading a horse along an Indian tiaii. upon wdiose 
back the bag of grain was borne. This inconvenience 
suggested to him the expedient of constructing a 
mill upon his ow^n property, w^hich he did in the fol- 
lowing primitive manner : First, he built a low dam 
.of cobblestones, filled in with gravel, across th^^ kill, 
to create a water-power; he then drove the piles into 
the ground, forming a foundation for his building to 
rest upon ; then upon these he built a small frame or 
log mill- house, furnishing it with one small run of 
stones, and other equally simple and primitivp ma- 
chinery. His mill being thns furnished and put in 
operation, was capable of grinding about five bushels 
a day; yet it was a great convenience and was resorted 
to from far and near. Tn a few years he built a better 


mill and coirmienced shipping tioiir to Pliiladelpliia' 
loading it on aiiat-boat and running it down the Paiil- 
inskill and the Delaware to its place of destination. 
'Mr. Sliafer was the tirst nian in this region to open 
a business intercourse with Elizabethtown ; he heard 
from the Indians in his vicinity that there was a large 
place fa]' away to the southeast which they called 
"Tespatone", and he determined to ascertain the 
truth of this assertion. He travelled over mountains 
and through bogs and forests, and after a rough 
journey of some lifty miles he arrived at the veritable 
" Old Borough". He opened a traffic in a moderate 
wny at this time, and thus laid the foundation of that 
protitable intercourse between the southeastern towns 
and cities and Northern New Jersey which has in- 
creased from that time to the present, and almost 
entirely excluded Philadelphia from participation in 
the trade from this part of the State.' 

" Robert Paterson was the first settler at Belvi- 
dere according to the 'Historical Collections,' about 
the year 1755. 'Shortly after, a block house was 
erected on the north side of the Request, some thirty 
or forty yards east of the toll-house of the Belvidere 
Delaware bridge. Some time previous to the Revolu- 
tionary war a battle was fought on the Pennsylvania 
side of the river between a band of Indians who came 
from the north and the Delawares residing on the 
.Jersey side.' The name 'Belvidere' was given to the 
village by Maj. Robert Hoops because of the beauty 
of its situation. It was made the county-seat of 
AVarren county, when the latter was set off from Sus 
sex, in 1S24. 

"The Greens, Armstrongs, Pettits, VanHorns, 
Simes, Hazens, Dyers, Cooks, Shaws and others set- 
tled in and around the present village of Johnsonburg, 


foTmerly called the ' Log Jail,' where the county-seat 
of Sussex was iirst located and the first jail built. 

"In 1769 the Moravian Brethren, from Bethle- 
hem, Pa., purchased fifteen hundred acres of land of 
Samuel Green for the sum of five hundred and sixty- 
: three pounds, or about two thousand five hundred 
dollars, and founded the village of Hope. This Samuel 
Green was a deputy surveyor for the West Jersey 
proprietors, and owned several tracts of land in an- 
cient Hardwick and Greenwich. ' The Moravians re- 
mained at Hope some thirty-five years, when they 
■ commenced selling their property and returned to 
IBethlehem; Sampson Howell, who settled at the foot 
of Jenny Jump Mountain, near Hojie, a year or two 
before the Moravians arrived, erected a saw-mill and 
supplied the lumber for the construction of the very 
substantial buildings erected by the United Brethren." 
We have thus glanced briefl.y at the first settle- 
ments in the principal parts of Sussex and Warren. 
They Avere made for the most part within a period of 
about fifty years, embracing the first half of the 
eighteenth century,— that is by the year 1750 perma- 
nent settlements had been made in most of the im- 
portant parts of the two counties. When Morris 
county was set off in 1738, northern New Jersey be- 
gan to attract attention. It was then ascertained 
that, although this section had at a remote period evi- 
dently been g, favorite residence of the Indians, most 
of them had departed and occu|)ied hunting grounds 
farther to the north and west. Little danger was 
therefore to be apprehended from the red men by 
those who settled in the central portions of the terri- 
tory ; for, even if they should become hostile, the 
line of settlements on the Delaware from the Mus- 
conetcong to the Neversink would be more apt to bear • 


the brunt. Hence immigrants liowed in, and by 1760 
they had become so numerous and had experienced 
so much inconvenience from being compelled to go to 
Morristown to attend to public business, that they 
very generally petitioned the Provincial Assembly to 
"divide the county" and allow them "the liberty of 
building a court-house and gaol." This request was 
granted, resulting in the erection and organizati(m of 
Sussex county in 1758. As to the nationalities con- 
stituting the base of population, Mr. Edsall made as- 
comi)lerf^ a list as practicable from the public records 
for the first six years of the existence of the county. 
"This list contains four hundred and two names, of 
which those ifidicating an English and Scotch origin 
are the most numerous ; those pertaining to Holland 
and Germany follow next, and the residue are derived 
from France, Ireland, Wales and Norway." 

One thing which stood very much in the way of 
the prosperity of the early settlers was the appropri- 
ation by the proi^rietors of many portions of the best 
land in the county. As early as 1715, when as yet 
but two or three points in the whole territory had 
been settled, the sagacious proi)rietors of West Jer- 
sey, fors*^eing that these lands would ultimately be- 
come very valuable, sent their surveyors, who pene- 
trated the heart of the country establishing "butts 
and hounds" of many of the most desirable tracts. 
Among others William Penn located three tracts of 
land, containing ten or twelve thousand acres, in 
around the vicinity of Newton. "In this way the 
best locations were generally entered before any im- 
migrants had arrived in the central portions of the 
county, and they had to cultivate the soil, when they 
did come, as tenants or trespassers." 



«» )■ — r- 4-^: r^~g i» 

L-'HE people of New Jersey treated tlie Indians with 
J exceptional fairness and the troubles begun in 
1755 by the Indians were not reincited by any act 
of injustice. The people of the province of New Jer- 
sey had never shed any of their blood or cheated them 
out of their lands. Nevertheless the frontiers of Sus- 
sex and Warren counties were the sites of much car- 
nage and bloodshed from 1755 to 1758. The causes of 
this savage attack and massacre, were, however, en- 
tirely beyond their control. It was at a time when 
France and England were at war and the colonies be- 
longing respectively to the above-named nations "had 
secured the alliance of the various Indian tribes, on 
one side or the other in the great contest then pend- 
ing." The Iroquois, or Six Nations, of New York, 
were for the English and were great factors in the 
struggle that resulted in the defeat of the French. 
The Iroquois were the hereditary enemies of the Dela- 
ware and Susquehanna Indians. The French had at 
this time extensive possessions in the vicinity of the 
St. Lawrence and had forts extending from Quebec to 
Mobile Bay, and their agents, traders and missionaries 
were widely scattered among the Indians of all that 
region of country. Although "Lake Champlain, 
Niagara and Pittsburg were at that time the nearest 
points to New Jersey fortified by the French, yet her 


frontier was accessible by a few days' march along 
the great trails leading to the Susquehanna and Dela- 
ware rivers.*' These paits were then moich exposed, 
as the Iroquois were away fighting for the English at 
other ])laces. It is very probable that the Indians 
who niuidered nn the borders of Sussex and Warren 
were incited to their deeds of blood by the French. 

Tli^re was another cause more local in its charac- 
ter, Avhich embittered and prolonged the strife. 
William Penn had obtained his lands of the Minsies, 
through his agents, by the famous "walking pur- 
chase" of 1787. This the Indians deemed unfair, and 
distrust and jealousy took the place of the confidence 
which they had before had in the whites. They 
smothered their resentment till 17.^5 and then resolved 
to seek revenge and again obtain possession of the 
country that had been procured from them by treach- 
ery and fraud. It is, however, to be deplored that 
the innocent as well as the guilty suffered in the storm 
of blood and carnage which swept over the valley 
during those terrible years of war. The savage, in the 
height of his fury, seldom pauses to consider whether 
the scalp belongs to friend or foe. The conflicts were 
mostly confined to the Pennsylvania side of the Dela- 
ware, but New Jersey also felt the shock of the 

In December of the same year the Legislature 
passed an act authorizing the erection of four blcc k- 
houses on the Delaware in Sussex county. Jchn 
Stevens and John Johnson were designated to super- 
intend their erection. They had "voluntarily offered 
themselves for that service .^rr//y>.'' Twohurdred and 
fifty men were enlisted to garrison the block-houses 
and ten thousand pounds were granted to pay the ex- 
penses of protecting the frontiers. 


The troops rhat were enlisted were to serve one 
month, or until their places could be tilled by others. 

The block- houses that were erected were num- 
bered from I to 4. They were garrisoned as soon as 
possible yet the Indians continued to make incursions 
into ' the neighborhood and to form ambuscades so 
near to the forts that j)arties going out hunting or 
fishing were on one or two occasions surprised and 
killed. It became necessary to issue an order to the 
effect that all officers and soldiers should remain with- 
in their garrisons. During times of general alarm 
whole -leighborhoods liocked to the block-houses. 

\Vith all the vigilence of the garrisons the Indians 
would sometimes elude them and get inside and do 
their bloody work. They did so when they' came 
over into Hardwick and captured the Hunts and 
Swart wouts. ''A party of five Indians, who had for- 
merly resided in the neighborhood but had removed 
to Pennsylvania, determined to capture three men — 
Richard Hunt, Harker and Swartwout — having be- 
come disaffected towards them because of the part 
they had taken in the colonial service. They accord- 
ingly t-rossed the Delaware near where Dingman's 
ferry now is, and in the evening reached the log house 
of Richard Hunt, having travelled about fifteen miles 
on the Jersey side of the river. Richard Hunt was. 
absent from home and the only occupants of the house, 
at the time were Thomas Hunt, a younger brother, 
and a negro servant. The latter was engaged in 
amusing himself and companion by playing on a 
violin, when their sport was suddenly interrupted by 
the Indians. Quick as thought the boys sprang to 
the door, closed and bolted it. Their fun was at an 
end, and the negro, in his terror, 'threw his fiddle 
into the fire and awaited in trembling suspense the 


result of the unwelcome visit.' The Indians disap- 
peared and were Q;one about an hour. It was discov- 
ered, by their footprints in a newly plowed piece of 
ground, that during their absence they had recon- 
noitred the house of Mr. Dildine, where Richard 
Hunt happened to be at the time ; but they evidently 
dared not make an attack at that place. Returning 
to Mr. Hunt's house, tliev made a movement to set it 
on lire, threatening to burn the inmates alive if they 
did not surrender. The boys yielded and were forced 
to accompany the savages, who proceeded toward the 
Delaware by the way of the southerly end of Great 
Pond, and soon came to the house of Swartwuot, who 
lived on the tract now occupied by the village of New 
Paterson. Mrs. Swartwout, soon after their ajjproach 
to the house, went out to the milk-house without a 
thought of danger, and was instantly shot down. 
They then attemi)ted to enter the house, but Swart- 
wout seized his rille and held them in check. Finally 
he agreed to surrender if they would spare his life and 
the lives (;f his son and daughtei'. They consented to 
this proposition, but they either tliemselves violated 
their pledge or, what was worse, i^rocured a white 
man t(» do it, for S wart w(nit was murdered, and a man 
named Springer was arrested, convicted and hung for 
the niurdei-. Swartwouf s two children were taken to 
an Indian town on the Susquehanna, while Hunt and 
the negro were taken to Canada. Hunt was sold by 
bis emptors to a French military officer and accompa- 
nied liiiii as liis servant. His motlier, anxious for his 
deliveiance if alive, attended the general conference 
at Easton, in October, ITHS, where a treaty was made 
with the Six Nations, and, finding a savage there who 
knew ]i«'r son, she gave him sixty pounds to procure 
his fiHpdom and return him to his friends. This 


proved money wasted. Hunt was soon after liberated 
under that provision of the treaty of Easton which 
made a restoration of prisoners oblicratory uj)on the 
Indians, and readied home in 1759, after a servitude 
of three years and nine months. Swartwout's chil- 
dren must have l)een freed about a year after their 
captnre, for we lind his son in New Jersey in 1757, 
active in causing the arrest of a white man named 
Benjamin Springer, whom he charged with being the 
murderer of his father." 

Springer A^as tried in Morris county according to 
an act passed by the Assembly Oct. 27, 1757. The 
trial was transferred to Morris count}' "because the 
Indian disturbances in Sussex rendered it difficult, if 
not dangerous to hold a Court of Oyer and Terminer 
there,'' Springer had a fair trial and was convicted, 
but many afterwards believed him to have been 
wrongly accused. 

When the troubles began with the Indians in 
1756, most of the settlers along the slopes of the Blue 
Mountains took the precaution to fortify their houses 
by building stockades around them. A number of 
Indians lived in the neighborhood at that time nnd 
though openly friendly it was not known how soon 
th-^y might rush forth with the tomahawk and scalp^ 
ing knife. Mr. Casper Shafer lived in this neighbor^ 
hood and his house was quite a resort during any 
unusual alarm. One night, however, when he was 
alone, the Indians came, surrounded his house, and 
by their yells, etc., showed unmistakable signs of hos- 
tility. He barred up his house, and started across 
the fields to get assistance. "Soon he found himself 
hotly pursued by one of the enemy, and likely to be 
overtaken ; whereupon he turned upon his pursuer, 
and, being an athletic man, seized the Indian, threw 


him and bound him hand and foot with his garters, 
while he went on his way and procured the desired 
assistance. Mr. Depue, in Wulpaok, also had a nar- 
row escape trom the tomahawk and scalping knife. 
A party of Indians broke into his house at midnight, 
with murderous intent, and he, being aroused from 
slumber, seized his loaded gun and aimed it at the fore- 
most aggressor, who, realizing his danger, uttered the 
peculiar Indian Ugh I dodged away and lied. So acted 
the next, and another, and another ; and thus with- 
out firing his gun, he succeeded in driving the whole 
gang from his dwelling." 

Y^'ielding to petitions that were sent, the General 
Assembly on June 8d, 1757, "enacted that one hun- 
dred and twenty men be immediately raised with the 
proper number of officers ; that Jonathan Hampton 
be aj^pointed paymaster and victualer for the compa- 
ny and thaf he provide and allow each officer and 
soldier the following provisions every week, viz : 
seven pounds of bread, seven i)ounds of beef, or in 
lieu thereof, four pounds of pork, six ounces of but- 
ter, three pints of peas, and half a pound of rice." 

A year after this, 1758, when everything was sup ■ 
posed to be quiet, Nicholas Cole and family of Wal- 
])ack were attacked and the most of them murdered. 
Those who were noi; murdered were (;arried away into 
captivity. Otlier murders followed. The i)eople 
again petitioned for i)rotection and the General As- 
sembly ordered another levy of one hundred and fifty 
men. It was ordered, however, that none, except 
otiicers, be taken from the militia of Sussex as they 
might -Ije needed at any time in case of a fornddable 
attack. Twenty guides, who were well acquainted 
with the country were to be hired by the commanding 
oflic.T to conduct the troops through the woods of 


Sussex. It was further provided " that inasinucli as 
the Indians are a very private and secret enemy, and 
as it has been thought dogs would be of great service 
in discovering them in their secret retreats among the 
swamps, rocks and mountains, frequent in those 
parts ; therefore be it enacted, etc., that it shall and 
may be lawful for the i)aymaster aforesaid to procure 
upon the best terms he can fifty good, large, strong 
and tierce dogs ; and the same so procured to be sup- 
plied with food necessary to their subsistence, equal 
to ten men' s allowance in quantity ; which said dogs 
shall be disciplined for and employed in the service, 
in such manner as the said Major, in conjunction with 
the Commission officers, or the major part of them 
shall think proper.' 



"Perth Amboy, June 30. — On the 12th instant one Walter 
Vantile, a sergeant of the forces stationed upon the frontier of 
this province in the county of Sussex, having- received infor- 
mation tliat a part}" of Indians had crossed the I'iver Delaware 
into Pennsylvania, took nine soldiers with him and went over 
the river in pursuit of them. They made dUigent search after 
the Indians in different ways, but could make no discovery of 
them. However, for that night they encamped upon the river 
about six miles from Cole's Fort, and in the morning they 
scouted back from the river about four miles ; at last they 
discovered an Indian walking towards the place where they 
had lain the night before, whom they pursued, but he got into 
a swamp and made his escape. The sergeant and his party 
then took the same course towards the river which the Indian 

* This magazine was edited by Samuel Neville, who presided as 
prinf!ij)al judge, during the first courts held in Sussex county. It 
was the publication of the kind in New Jersey. — History of 
Sussex aud Warren, 1881. 


was steering, and when they came to the bank of the Dela- 
ware, they heard Bome Indians chopping on a small island in 
the river, and paw ten of them making a raft in order to cross 
the i-iver. Vantile and his men watched them very strictly 
the whole night. In the morning, early, the Indians packed 
up their clothes and other thintrs and waded the river, draw- 
ing their raft after them. Vantile, perceiving hy their course 
ihat they would land higher tip than where he and his men 
were posted, crept privately up the river until they came 
Avithin one hundred yards of them, when they saw a smoke 
xipon the shore and an Indian rise up, who came towards the 
soldiers, but he soon returned to the tire and took up his gun ; 
oipon which about tifteen Indians rose up and took hold of 
their guns. The sergeant then ordered his men to fire upon 
them, and the Indians returned their tire and advanced ; the 
aforesaid ten Indians who were coniing from the island also 
fired very briskly. The sergeant and his men sustained the 
attack with great courage, and after fi,ghting six rounds and 
boldly advancing towards the enemy the Indians fied in great 
confusion, leaving behind them four guns, four tomaliawks, 
three pikes, tifteen pairs of maccains, fifteen pairs of stock- 
ings, and other sundry things. These are supposed to be the 
same Indians who had attacked Uriah Westfall's and Abraham 
Cortwright's houses." 

" His Excellency, Governor Bernard, hath sent up orders 
to the officers upon the frontiers to restrain the soldiers from 
leaving their quarters and straggling into the woods to shoot 
and hunt as the same is certainly a dangerous and pernicious 
practice ; for on Friday last Wm. Ward was shot and scalped, 
ae he was hunting within a half-mile of No. 3, in the county of 
Sussex ; and the same day about noon a house was burned 
on the opposite side of the river. The Indians shouted and 
fired several guns while it was burning. 

" Some days since a man and a boy, traveling along the 
public highway in the said county of Sussex, were attacked 
by the Indians. The man was shot dead ; the boy was 


.surprised, but, tinding one of tlie ludiaus in pursuit of 
him, he had presence of mind, as the last refuge, to turn 
and lire upon hiui and saw him drop. The other Indian 
still pursued, and the boy perceiving his gun so retarded 
his ilight that he must be taken, broke it to pieces against 
a*rock, that it might not fall into the enemy's hands, and 
maae his escape from them. He then alarmed the people, 
who immediately went out upon the scout wdth guns and 
dogs, and, coming to the place where the boy shot the 
Indian, found a great deal of blood, but not the body. 
They searched very diligently about the woods, when at 
last one of the dogs began barking ; and, going to see what 
was the matter, they found him barking at a bunch of 
brush, and turning it aside they found the Indian buried 
with his clothes and tomahawk, upon which they scalped 
him and brought away the things they found buried with 
him. On Tuesday, the 16th of June, Justice Decker, of 
the county of Sussex, brought the said Indian scalp and 
tomahawk to Perth Amboy. This savage proved to be the 
notorious bloody villain well-known by the name of Capt. 
Armstrong, a noted ring-leader of the Delaware s, who, with 
other Indians, was concerned with Benjamin Springer 
(lately executed in Morris county) in the murder of An- 
thony Swartwout, his wife and children." 

There were a number of attempts made to treat 
with the Indians and establish peace. In 1756 a com- 
mittee was ap];)ointed by the Legislature to treat with 
them. They met the Indians at Crosswicks during 
the winter, heard their grievances and reported to the 
Legislature which passed acts to relieve them. 

Another conference was held at Burlington Aug. 
7, 1758. This was brought about through the diplo- 
macy of the noted chief Teedyuscung, king of the 
Delawares. Nothing came of it, however, except the 
underst^anding to meet again at Easton, the place of 


the "Old Council'" as the Indians termed it. 
council was heid Oct. 8, 1758. The result of it was 
that the Indians released all the lands claimed by 
them witliin the limits of New Jersey for the sum of 
one thousand pounds. 

Deeds were also obtained, and it was declared 
" that by these two agreements the province of New 
Jersey is entirely freed and discharged from all Indian 


ARREN county was a part of Sussex during 
the Revolution, hence our history of those 
times ^\i]l cover the territory of both. 
These counties were much exposed to the savage 
allies of the British during the struggle for indepen- 
dence, owing to their frontier situation along the 

Many were the battles with the Indians that 
these people had been compelled to hght during col- 
onial times, and consequently here were a people 
whose experience had made them familiar with mili- 
tary discipline and the use of arms. Moreover they 
were a people who had inherited a love of liberty and 
were somewhat trained in the x>i'iii('il>lf^'^ <'f self-gov- 
ernment. They were intelligent and patriotic and had 
among them men capable of tilling almost any posi- 
tion in life and taking the lead in any emergency. 
The two counties then numbered about thirteen thou- 
sand. A series of resolutions adopted at a meeting 
of a number of Freeholders and inhabitants of the 
county of Sussex, A, D. 1774 declared "That it is our 
duty to render true and faithful allegiance to George 
the Third, King of Great Britain, but, that it is un- 
doubtedly our right to be taxed only by our own 


consent given by ourselves or our Representatives 
etc."" At a meeting held in New Brunswick, July 
23, 1774, a commission of fourteen persons was chosen 
to represent New -Jersey in the General Congress that 
convened at Philadelphia, Sept. 5, 1774. At this time 
a separation from the mother country was not con- 
temx)lated, although the people were determined to 
secure their just rights as British subjects. They had 
no desire to provoke a war but tried to settle the con- 
troversies amicably. It was not till blood was spilt 
at Concord and Lexington that the people were con- 
vinced that all attempts at reconciliation were useless. 
This was "the straw that broke the camel's back" 
and cemented the people in one grand and united pur- 
pose to declare and maintain their freedom. The 
people were aroused, "The fathers of Sussex county 
showed 'an eye to the main chance' in petitions to 
restrain shopmen from raising the price of their goods. 
In fact the whole province was in a ferment ; Tories 
were called to repentance, strollers, vagabonds, horse- 
thieves, and otlie]' nuisances were summarily abated; 
the freemen of the State gathered around the altar of 
Liberty, and 'i)l edged their lives, their fortunes and 
their sacred honor' to the defense and triumj^h of 
poX^ular rights. They h.irdly knew what was to come 
of it ; but, having put their hand to the plow they did 
not look back.'" 

Committees of safety were organized in all the 
townships of Sussex county, and representatives from 
the township committees, formed the county com- 
mittee of safety, which met at the Court House at 
Newton (mce a month. "This committee exercised a 
general supervision over tiip township organizations, , 
provided means for promoting the popular cause, and 
procured the oath ol' abjuration to be administered to 


every citizen of the county, carefully notin^r down 
the names of thos^- who refused, with the grounds 
upon which they l>ased such refusal, and causing the 
recusants to lie presented by the grand inquest of the 
county, to the end that they might appear in court 
and ()[)enly recant, or give bonds for their peaceable 
behavior. The niinutes of the sittings of this im- 
portant committee were carefully written out for the 
information of subordinate committees, and. with a 
little care might have been preserved." At one of 
these meetings ''returns were called for from the sev- 
eral townships of the names of those who refused to 
sign the articles of association for the respective town- 
ships. In (^reenwich seven person-^j Avere returned as' 
having refused to sign, four of whom were Quakers, 
who declared it to be against their conscience to take 
up arms ; one gave no reason and the remaining two 
would 'take time to consider.'. Prom Mansfield two 
names were returned, but no ^ reason for refusal as- 
signed. In Sandystown all signed except two ' who 
are willing to do so when opportunity offers.' In 
Montague every citizen signed and in Wantage all 
agreed except Joseph Havens and one or two more 
Quakers, ' who are Whigs and are willing to con- 
tribute.' The other towns, says the record not having 
had the association particularly carried to the inhabi- 
tants, ordered that the committee of said towns wait 
upon the people and make return at the next meeting 
of the committee." 

"What report was made from 'the other towns* 
is not known, but may be inferred from the returns 
just given. These items afford us an insight into the 
^state of feeling which pervaded the county at that 
early stage of the conflict, and conclusively refute the 
gross imputations which have been recklessly and 


maliciously cast upon the patriotism of our Revolu- 
tionary citizens. 

"At this meeting means were taken to raise by 
tax the county's quota of ten thousand i)Ounds 
ordered by the Provincial Congress of New Jersey for 
th'-' purpose of raising money to i)urehase arms and 
auiiiiuniiion, and for other exigencies of the province. 
Casper Shai'er was appointed collector of the county, 
to take charge of the funds to be raised under the au- 
thority of the Committee of Safety. It was also or- 
dered "that the captains of the respective companies 
of ndlitia send an account to the next meeting of the 
comudttee of all jDersons upwards of sixteen and under 
lifty years old in their several districts who refuse to 
sign the muster roll, that their names may be for- 
warded to the Pi'ovincial Congress.' 

''Captain John McMurtry and Lieut. William 
White, <d' Oxford township, being desirous to go to 
Boston, where the Anrericans were rallying under the 
standard of Waslnngton, then just api^ointed Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the Continental forces, requested 
the committee to certify as to their 'i)lace of abode, 
character and reputation." which was at once com- 
plied with. 

"On motion, it was 'Resolved, mem. con.. That 
any person thinking himself aggrieved by any mer- 
chant i)\ trader in this county taking an exorbitant 
price for any article of goods make apx)lication to the 
chairman of the town committee where such merchant 
or trader resides, who is to call a meeting of said com- 
nnttee as soon as convenient thereafter, which said 
meeting is to consist of live members at least. And 
the said ••omnnttee, when convened, shall notify the" 
said merchant or trader to appear and show why he 
has taken so great a price ; and if it shall appear that 


he has taken an unreasonable profit, or shall refuse to 
attend or give any satisfaction in the premises, that 
he be cited by the said committee to appear at the 
next meeting of the county committee, there to be 
dealt with according to the rules of the Continental 

"A memorial on this subject was also drawn up 
and ordered to be presented to the Continental Con- 
gress, praying that the latter body would make in- 
quiry and ascertain if the Philadelphia and New Y'ork 
merchants of whom the traders in this county pur- 
chased their goods were not at the bottom of the sys- 
tem of corruption, speculating upon the public neces- 
sity by affixing exorbitant prices upon their mer- 

According to reports the above restrictions were 
loudly called for as fifty bushels of wheat were re- 
quired to get one bushel of salt ; calico cost fifteen 
shillings a yard, while rye sold for one shilling eight 
pence per bushel. "Only one pair of shoes a year 
could be ]»urchased, which were generally bought 
about Christmas time, and which the fair owners 
carefully preserved from dilapidation through the 
summer by going barefoot, like the enchanting god- 
desses that figure in ancient mythology.'' 

The Provincial Congress changed the government 
of New Jersey from the colonial to a constitutional 
government, or State, on June 21st, 1776. Ten men 
were appointed to draw up a draft of a constitution 
for the State of which committee, Rev. Jacob Green 
of Morris county was chairman. That eminent law- 
yer, Jonathan Dickinson, and Ur. John Withersj^oon, 
president of Princeton College, were members of this 
committee. The draft was submitted and adopted as 
the first,constitution of New Jersey. 


The country of the Minisinks which had suffered^ 
severely through the French and Indian war did not^ 
have any better fortune during the Revolution. All 
the hoiTors of an Indian warfare were expeiienced by 
the settlers in this region. The Indians were incited 
by the British to acts of horrible bi-utality. Brant, 
the noted Mohawk chief, was the bravest and most 
ferocious leader among these savage allies of the 

Sussex county enjoys the distinction of furnish- 
ing Congress with cannon-balls and steel dnring their 
struggle for indej)endence. 

The old iron-works at Andover had been erected 
by an English company. The company were pro- 
tected by the army at Fhilad^Jphia down to the be- 
ginning of 1778, when it changed hands and was run 
by Americans. 

"Passing frcmi the control of tliose who had no 
interest in the American cause^ and who had probably 
used them in aid of enemies of the country, they came 
into the hands of men whose fervid patriotism was 
fitly symbolized in the glow of their rekindled fires." 
The Andover works continued until the end of the 
war to furnish supplies to the Continental army. The 
remainder of the history of Sussex during the Revolu- 
tion we are compelled for want of sj^ace to pass over. 
Suffice it to say that she fully sustained her reputa- 
tion ; and in the display when necessary of truly 
heroic qualities her eons were not exceeded by any in. 
the land. 


M ^ . ( 'Kt. ■> ■ 0i *¥- 

/ T is not possible for us to recall the events of 
^ IS'^l with the same vividness and reality with 
which the stirring scenes of the first year of 
the war then struck the public mind. Only those who 
particii^ated in them can fully ajipreciate those times. 
The present generation can only know of them by the 
light of tradition and history. The "great uprising" 
of popular feeling and patriotism that was occasioned 
by the tiring on Fort Sumpter penetrated into every 
State, county, village and hamlet, awakening the peo- 
ple to a realization of the crisis that was upon them. 
The country had been pausing in anxious suspense to 
see what result would follow the secession of South 
Carolina and what she Avould do with the garrison of 
Fort Sumpter and the flag that so proudly waved 
above her walls 

The moment that flag was struck the i)ause was 
at an end and the shock of the bitter struggle that 
followed thrilled the whole land. The President 
-called for troo2)s and immediately flags were hoisted 
and recruiting stations established in every town and 
school district in the North. Business was suspended 
ior the time and men marched along with patriotic 
feeling to the sound of the flfe and dnim. The North 


aAvoke to the necessity of the occasion and responded 
with alacrity to the call of the President for the men 
and means with which to decide the question of union 
or s«^cession. 

"New Jersey was not behind the other States of 
the North in responding to the call. Governor Olden, 
her ex^'cutive, was patriotic and energetic. He was 
greatly assiste-d in the selection of officers l)y a board 
of examiners comi)osed of Adjt.-Gen. Stockton, Lieut. 
T. A. Torbert, and Gen. William Cook. Lieut. Tor- 
bert was at an early day assigned for duty at Trenton 
and rendered most important service in organizing the 
first New Jersey regiments for the field." 

Sussex and Warren began in season to send for- 
ward tlieir quota of troops. Four }'egiments were 
called for from the State and tw^enty-four of the prin- 
cipal banks pledged Governor Olden four hundred 
and fifty- one thousand dollars. Sussex Bank, at 
Newton. subscriV)ed twenty thousand and the Farm- 
ers' Bank of Wantage ten thousand. Not a week had 
passed after Piesident Lincoln's first call for troops 
before Judson Kil}»atrick — then unknow^n to fame 
and a cadet lieutenant in the United States Military 
Academy at West Point — had offered his services to 
Governor Olden and begged to be allowed the privi- 
lege of shaiing with the soldiers of the State the 
dangers and lionois of ihe field. All through the war 
the counties of Sussex and Warren patriotically bore 
their share of the burden in the great struggle for the 
supremacy of our laws and the Union. Her sons vol- 
untarily came forward and enrolled their names in a 
large number of regiments from this and other States. 
Recruiting })egan at Newton and Belvidere as soon as 
the President had made his first call for three months' 
men, on Ajiril inth, 1801. It was only three da.ys 


aftei the call that Capt. Edward L. Campbell had raised 
ji company in B-lvidere, consisting of seven officers 
and iilty irivaTes, but when the company was taken 
to Belvidere the next day the State authorities were 
not ready to muster tlieni into service. About a 
month after this, May 18th, a poition of this comj^any 
with other recruits went into the Third Regiment, 
then mustered into the United States service for three 
years. Capt. DeWitt Clinton Blair, son of John 1. 
Blair, i-aised a company in Warren county and Ca^^t. 
James G. Fitts one in Sussex. Capt. Blair presented 
his company at Trenton, but no further call lieing 
made for more troops, they returned home ; after- 
waids, however, nearly every man enlisted. Captain 
Blair went out in the Twenty-second New York In- 
fantry as a private and served the time of his com- 
mand. Capt. Fitts' company was not mustered jnit 
became Co. D. of the Third Regiment. There were 
some militia organizations which wei-e a little in ad- 
vance of these con>panies in tendeiing their .services. 
but with this exception these were theear]iefe.t ccnipa- 
nies raised in the State expressly foi- this emergency. 

The foJlowing is extracted from an address de- 
livered by Col. Chas. Scranton at Beividere, July 
4th, 1876. 

" In 1861, when the plot of treason was laid which 
threatenetl the life of our beloved country, and tiie seat of 
governmeait itself seemed in danger, a J'oung man, whom 
many of you know, the private secretary of my deceased 
brother, was in Washington City where he volunteered as 
a private in Col. Lane's company, and served until 
troops arrived from Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and New 
Jersey, when he was honorably discharged, receiviu"- the 
thanks of the President and Secretary of AVar, Cameron. 
Capt. Jo*. J. Henry was the first volunteer from Oxford 


\\';in\)i Co., of tliis State, in the great Civil wdv, as JoLn 
McMurr.iy aiul Thomas White were in tiie llevolutioiiary 
war, :uul althougU afterwards enteriug- the Ninth New Jer- 
sey VolunLoers, he was the first officer from New Jersey to 
fall in battle. The late war is so fresh in your memories 
thai I shall only briefly refer to it. Sumpter w^as fired 
ou ; its garrison taken prisoners. The call for njen to 
arms \vas made l)y President Lincoln. You all know what 
the response was. Most of you remember the first meet- 
in*"" in yonder court-house where I liad tiie honor to pre- 
side ; how Campbell, Kennedy and others rallied round the 
f)ld llag and ipiickly formed a company and moved for 
'J'renton. Of the meeting at Phillipsburg, and how Mutcli- 
ler Sit"'reaves, Schoonover, and others flocked to the stand- 
ard ; and again at Oxford, how the gallant JVlcAllister, 
Henry, Warner, Brewster, and other good men and true 
joined the phalanx ; and again at Clinton, under the brave 
and gallant Taylor. As aide to the late lamented good 
(iovernor, Charles S. Olden, I attended four meetings in as 
many days, and we had our quota more than full before 
we had a ])lace for the men to quarter. We were with- 
»jut uniforms, arms, or equipments V>'liat memories clus- 
ter arounil those days of April and Mux, 18()1, and all through 
the tcrrililc war 1 .\nd later, as further calls tor troops 
came, how nobly did our county of Warreu respond! You 
knew iliose noble, brave young men. I knew them by 
the thousand in the State. I loved them and cherish their 
memories. Tlmusands and thousands fell with their face 
to tlie foe I lleury, Brewster, Lawrence, Hilton, Hicks, 
Armstrong, and scores of other noble heroes from old War- 
ren f<'ll. I shrink from calling the roll of those honored 
<lead. Our county fm-nished one thousand four hundred 
and tliirty-sevfcu men, besides those frni other counties and 
Stales, of whom one hundred and seventy- -iix fell in battle, 
or di<!tl of dis(!ase contracted in the army, or from inhuman 
treatment in prisons. Of tlies'e brave men who thus died 
ftorue Ho in our own cemeteries, some on the field where 


tiiey fell, in graves unknown, and thougli no 'storied ui-n 
or arjimate 1 bust' or marble shaft or granite pile mark 
their last resting place here on earth, jet theu' memories 
will live in story and history, and annually as their loved 
ones gather tiowers to strew on their tombs, or bedew 
themselves with their tears, will there grow an increasing 
love lor their memories. Fellow-citizens, soldiers, sui-Aiv- 
ors of the war for the Union, very many of whom it be- 
came my duty to give an outfit for the war, as I see you 
before me my heart warms in admiration of your gallant- 
ry, of your honored actions towards myself while you were 
in New Jersey camps. Before this audience I pronounce 
the fact that, in all the work performed by me in feeding, 
clothing and paying New Jerseymen who enlisted for the 
war, no one, so far as I can recollect, ever gave me one 
single cause for reproof. I place this also on record as a 
fact : no volunteer (save one crazy man) ever deserted the 
camps where I acted. Your subordination and gall.intry, 
with the thousands frorn other counties and Stntes, under 
the guidance of a wise providence dir( cting the gi*eat mind 
of the immortal Lincoln and his coadjutors, has made this 
nation in truth free." 

It would please iis kad we tlie space to go on and 
chronicle the hi-itoiy of each com}iany and reninK^nr, 
which contained Warren's brave sons, in rh^- wm- 
against secession. Our history, however, has already 
gone over its allotted space and we are compelled to 
let it pass. 



IIH L^^^nslatiiie of New ,[ersey parsed ;iii act Nov. 
•i<i, 1S'J4, by which Warren County was erected 
I lorn Susst-x with boundaries as follows : 
"All the lower part of the county os Sussex beginning 
<jn tiie rivei' Dehiwarc .-it the mouth of Flatbrook, in the 
tfjwnship ot ^V!llI)JU•k, and running froni thence a straight 
i;ourse to iIk' nortlieast conicr of yanlwick church, situated 
on the south siOc nf the main road leading from Jolinsou- 
hurg to Newton, nml tVom tlieiu-e in the sauic course to 
tlic niifhUc (if ^bls(•ou(■tl•(Ulg creek, bi-, and the same is 
hereljy erected into a sepirate couuty, to be called 'the 
County of Warniu'; and a line running from thence down 
the middle of tiie sii<l Musconctcong creek to where it 
(Mupties into the Delaware, shaU hereafter be the division- 
line betwecii the roiuities of Morris and Hunterdon and 
the said county of Warren." 

Wairen County is hounded on tlie west and 
noithwp.sf li\ thn Dehiware River and on the south- 
HUMt by file MuMC()nelcong-. The npiter ]tarf <>f the 
<;ounty 'is about sixteen miles in width and holds 
tliat MiHasuroniHiir wifli a slight inoease, t'oi' nearly 
half I ho length of ibt- county, when it is suddenly re- 
duced to ab(»ur hall' that width by the bend of the 
Delawaie coMiing in I'loni Pahaquarry to Maniinka 


Chunk, where it runs almost at right angles with its 
former course. If the river continued on in this di- 
recton, it would strike across the country from 
^laniinka Chunk to Changewater in the line of the 
Delaw^are, Lackawanna & Western Railroad ; but the 
river makes a bend westward again and then east- 
ward, forming the i)oint above Belvidere, whence it 
proceeds in a southwesterly course past the western 
point of Harmony township, and then runs in a 
.southerly zig-zag course to the great bend at Holland, 
in Hunterdon county. The Musconetcong valley on 
the opposite side of the county is much more uniform, 
that stream flowing in a curve which varies not more 
than two miles from a direct line, from one extremity 
of the county to the other. The extreme length of 
the county from the Sussex line near Waterloo to 
Musconetcong Station is about thirty miles, and as 
near as can be measured on the map its supeihcial 
area is three hundred and seventy square miles.'' 

The principal ranges of mountains in Warren 
County are the Kittatinny, or Blue Mountains in the 
iiorthw^estern part, the Jenny Jump in tlie central 
part, Scott's Mountains between Harmony and Ox- 
ford townships and the Pohatcong n;ountains in the 
southwest. The principal streams are the Paulinskill 
and its tributaries, Beaver Brook, Request, Pohat- 

cong and Musconetcong. 

AVarren county was oi'iginally part of West Jer- 
sey. It was included in Hunterdon when that county 
was erected in 171H-14 and remained a part of it till 
Morris was set off in 1738-89. It w^as a i)art of the 
territory of Sussex county when that county was 
erected in 1753 and so remained till the Legislative 
enactment of November 20, 18-24, made a separate 
county of it. 


Tli«- lirsl seirlenients weiv ninde along tiie Dela 
waiv livtM' at what is now PJiillipsburg r.nd Palia- 
qnariy he-fciv rho territory of West Jersey was oigan- 
h^d iiilo the comity of Hunterdon. Tlie townships of 
Wajivn county at time of its organization were Green- 
wich. Har'lwick, Pahaquarry, Mansfield, Oxford, 
Kn«»>\li<)n and Independence. 

Tlu' first l)oai'd of ch(^sen freeholders met at Eel- 
videre May lltli, 1825, and these townships were- 
rei))'e.sented in it. Belvidere was selected I-y a vote of 
tlie citizens o[' the county — taken April 19 and 20 ' 
1825— as the County- seat. The grounds on Avhich 
the pnblic l)nihlings are located were donated to the 
county ])y Cxen. Garrett D. Wall of Trenton by will 
dated .Innc 7. bS2.-). The buildingt^ were erected on 
the grounds thus (N.nated in 1820 at a cost of about 
tt^n thousand dolhirs. 

The f*()or-house and farm were jurchased by the- 
ciMiniy of Nathan Sutton in 1829 for the sum of 
^cMt.-iO. It then contained about 390 acres. William 
McDaniel was the first steward and Dr. J. T. Shari> 
the first physician. 


Containing brief, px^actical information for the 
Farmer, Business Man and Housekeeper. 


4^g > _ -P-t 


When Gou said, " In The sweat of t)»y face shalt tnou eat bread," the 
b'rth of Agiicr.lture was foietolii. Almost contemporaneous with 
man's birth w;.s that of the oldest and most important of the arts, Ag 
riculture. This is the only art conTe.v.poranPf)us with man, and was 
the rirst if not the only one foretold by the Creator. Agriculture is 
spoken uf as tlie " Mother of < ivilization," and truly sucli she is : but 
not such alone. , She may quite as at)propriately be called the " Mother 
of all the Arts and Sciences," and hence, the " mother of all that en- 
gages and enriches iht^ entire human family to-day." As such the far- 
mer may well be proud ot his occup tion, though many a thoughtless 
opinion would hint to the contrary. It is difficult to lell just when Ag- 
riculture as an art began to assume the mie . of importance. The earli- 
est successful farming of which we have any record was carried on in 
the valleys of the riveis supposed to water the Garden of Eden The 
primitive farmers dwelt along the banks of the Euphrates, the Tigris 
and the Nile. The old Bible patriarchs were farmers. Among these 
were Noah, the owner of vineyards; Abraham, and Lot who had in 
their possession large herds of cattle and sheep. Jacob was ihe first to 
Comprehend the importance of selecting stock f(jr the purpose of im- 
pro\i.ig it, iis is evident from hisiualings will, L;;!)ai!. Hf gave to 
Esau 580 iitad of cattle. Mose>, the great Jcwi.-h law-giver, and the 
tyi e of the M's-iah, was him.vcjf a .-Lephenl. Gideoii w as engaged on 
the threshing floor. Saul was a cat tie- herder. David ('elighted in his 
flocks. Elisha, \he piophet, i>louglu'd'with many yokes <d o.\cn. As 
far as reliable information v-xu be gathcied from the inscii| liiiis , i^il 
hieroglyphics found, upon the ancient tombs of the Egyptians, Chal- 
deans, and Chinese, they ^vere the first to encourage practicHl agric-ul- 



lure iind il> lilcralure, aiiJ wen.' ainoiii^ llic (•;irli<.'.^( fiirmi'.is who aji- 
plieil animal power l<> the cultivation of the -oil. Agriculture tlourlshed 
also in Greece at an early d:iy. perhaps as early as KXXi 13. C. Tbey 
use<l a- a [iltiugii, ii t'orked stick with handles attaclicd, and had tine 
breeds of lior^c-. sliecp. ;ind hoy.s. They iniporlcd stock Ironi older 
countries for the purpf)-e of improving their own. The Greeks were 
the to comprehend in any imi)orlanl degree the pracUcal value of 
manures. Much of their land was poor, and had lo be reclaimed from 
sand-lianks. morasses, and swamps. This led them lo the practice of a 
careful cultivation. They ploughed the ground over three times with 
their oxen and mules, and fre<picnlly suhsoiled before planting. They 
rai.scil fruit in abundance. Their knowledge of agxii-nUure and agricul- 
tural literature was of a very practical nature and comparatively exten- 
.sjvfc for tlieir day. Among the Romans agriculture was highly appre- 
cialfd and held as a most fundamental idea. The Roman Slate pro- 
vided each cili/cn with a faiin (or (garden spot as we would term it) of 
seven Hci"e.s (cviual Ic about six of ouis). lo which he was rigiiily re- 
stricted. Any !i .man, dissatisfied with hi'^ tract was considered a bad 
citizen and a dangerous man. After Rome, by means of conquest, liad 
cxtfiidetl her ilmninion, as much as fifty acres were sometimes allotted, 
and the highest e.xpression i>t cununendalion that could '>e given a man 
was to ^ay I'f him, " He ha- well cullivaled hi^ spot of ground." A cit- 
izen -. worth Ii' the Roman IState, eilher in time of war or in peace, vf-d'* 
largel\ esiiiniileii by this principle. Ixome's most ilUi-^trious cili/ens, 
her Senators, and Dictators, and other nobility, during intervals of pid)- 
lir business, aj>plied tliemselves iu person to agriculttual labors. To 
cuhival*' hi-* estate wax the Roman's duty : to ornament it, hi« luKury 
Hnd ilelighi. linci natus, the illustrious tdd farmer of K(une. left hi'i 
esl ale lo serve his country A'i Dictator in time of danger, and when 
pence again reigned he returned [i> his farm, the pride of hi^ heart. 
R"-;{uhi« leti tlie 8enat<»r'9 seat to follow the farmer's plouu'li. Din- 
lin^tuislied men wrote useful and practical work'< upon this imporlaiJt 
ucience. A compilation of these woiks was made by tlie Emperor C'on- 
-lantiiie, who after coucpiering the Saracens and Araltians, turned hi,s 
aiuiiiion to agricultine as tJu- suresi basis of his country's safety and 
pronperiiy. The love of the Roman for the pursuit of agricidture made 
him both «treful and .scientific. Mi'- crops, as a natural consequence, 
werr large. Pliny declared Ihal the soil loved lo l)e tilled by the handi* 
of men. He -^talex iliai ioi) slalkj of wheal, Ihe fruit of a single grain, 
wore sent to ihe Kmperor Augusiu-*, and ;{4(> from one seed lo Nero. 
Th(« pl'tntrh invented in Ronie. and still used in Ihe notilh of Italy and 
iu Kiance. ronnlHis of a beam attached to a yoke, with a cUnntiy, poTi- 
derouH uu.uld-board and slick* tin handles. With ll.i.s Ib.ey plotiglked 


about M q.Kivter of an acre a day. That agriculture is the foundation of 
all prosperous nations is abundantly attested by lii.story. During the 
golden age of agricultuic, when the first men of Rome themselves held 
the plough, the empire flourished and became the mightiest on the 
globe; but ■vNhen lier agricultuial interests passed out ofthe hands of 
her nobility into the hands of menials, and the nation came to rely on the 
jproductions of conquered provinces, the zenith of her glory was passed 
and her decline vft s begun. Vast hordes swept down upon her from the 
North, and the onco mighty empire fell to rise no more. So has it been 
in the history of every nation. When a nation prides itself in its 
agricultural interests, then that nation grows and prospers. When 
agriculture is neglected the nation becomes weak afld helpless. The 
science of drainage was first intj-oduced by Sparta ; an extensive system 
of irrigation and practical farming was the basis of the glory of Spain, 
China, India and Babylonia, derived sustenance fioin systems of minute 
divisions and thorough cultivation of lands. The first important steps in 
modern scientific agriculture were taken in the eighteenth centuryt 
New methods of culture, new practices, new modes ot fertilizing, new 
forms and great improvements in machinery became universal ; chemis- 
try, geology and botany began to illuminate the field of the farmer. 
Chemistry, 'especially, began to enlighten tbe farmers' intcliigence and 
scatter his prejudice, leading him to see tliat scientific knowledge is a 
valuable acquisition at least, if not an indispensable requisite for the 
successful agriculturist. Scientific agriculture has made marvelous 
strides of development in tliis country, and hence it will be a matter of 
interest and profit to trace briefly 


The early settlers on our shores had to begin life anew in the midst of 
untold hardships, privations, and dangers. Whether m Virginia, New 
England, New York State, or Maryland, they found themselves under a 
climate and surrounded by conditions altogether strange to them. 
Everywhere they were environed by a wilderness infested by wild beasts 
and savage men, rearty to prey on their cattle, destroy' their crops, and 
constantly threatening their own lives and thoseof their f am lie-. When 
we add to this iliat a majority of the first colonists were nf)t nnly un- 
skilled in agriculture, but unused to labor of ajiy kind, ii netu not sin- 
prise us that the y)rogres^ ihey made was slow, but rath»-r we wt.ndn 
that they maintained themselves at all in the midst of ^uch liittniiiiic.-^ 
and dangers. 

The very firvt need of piomers in a wild country is c-itile. Tiiese 
supply hira ami his family not only vvitl: subsistence, and pjinly with 
clotiiing. bat al»o with the means of draught and tillage as well as 
manure to «nrich Lis crops. Whett\er the earliest colonists in .^-merica. 


Ihc suUlei> oil ilic James Uivur, Viri^inia, l.roiiglit caltlo with tiic-in on 
their anivHl in ]t>07 iw niatler of doubi. VNo tind, liowevtrr, tlial some 
hail been im|>inie<.l into .lumc^town by 1G(J9, and that .soniC oows 
wore iaudtd in iGlU, and oue hundred more in Kill. These were i)rob- ^ 
ahlv Inmi the We^i Indies, and deioendauts of tlie eallle brought by 
C'olunibu-. So iinporlanl was it lield tliat do'jieslic cattle should multi- 
ply that an order was issued forbidding their slaugliter on pain of dealli 
'I'hus proleeted, llieir number had increased by 1681) to 80,000. 

The lirsl callle brought to New England arrived at Plymouth in 1«'^4 
and consisted ofa bull and three heifers, i:u[)orted by Governor VVinslow' 
Tliese were tbilow ed by others in 102(i and 1(5x1!). while in 1688 we tind 
100 head landed for the Governor and Company of Massachusetts Bay. 
In the mean lime, the Dutch West India Company had imported into New 
York S«tate 108 laltle and horses from the island of Texel, Holland. In 
Ki'iT the settlements along the Delaware were sui)i)lied by the Swedish 
West India ((nupauy; whiU' in l(J81 and tbllowing years many large 
yellow callle were brought over by Cai>tain Jolm iMasou from Deiuuark 
to New Hampshire. l»y means otOlher unrecorded importations, but 
more bv naltual increase, these Northern cattle multiplied also rapidly 
till liiey nuinbereil niatiy tii(»usand head. 

Sucli. then, were the sources of our "native" or c mhion breed of 
cattle. It iniist be observed that in old day.-, the stock of the 
mother couiUiy was nolimpriived to its present high condition. Even .so 
late asin iIk- beginningof last century the averag"- dressed weiglit'of neat 
cattle siMit to Smilhlield Market, l-nndoii was not over 87(i'pounds, and 
of sheep, 28 pounils, whereas now these weights are over yOU pounds and 
bO pounds respectively. Then the colonists had not the means of keeping 
stock so as to obviate deterioration. They had no notion of raising grass 
and hay by artificial means, but relied on natural meadofws, and the 
grasses in the salt-niaishes along the shores. lOven so late as 1750 grain 
and forHge for stock had to be imported lron\ I'lnalaiul to keep man and 
beast from starving. (Jlover. a contemporary, gives us the tbllowing 
glimpse of the mode of keeping cattle in Virginia : " All the inhabitants 
irive tlieir cattli- ill winter is only the husks of tJieir Indian corn, unless 
it be soini of tlUfin that, have a little wheal ^traw ; iieiliier do they give 
Ihcm any more of these than will keep them alive." C'laylon, another 
coniemporary, says : "They neither housed nor nulked theii' co>vs ipL 
winter. liHving a notion it would kill them.' ()| ilniicrofipijig, Kahn, 
li .Swedish traveller, vsriting in ITl'.i, o-ll- n^: "They'dhe .lame- Wiver 
eolonisis) " make scarce any in.iuure for tlieir corntitdds, but when one 
piece of ground iius ijeen e.ximusted by (H)ntiinied ci:oppuig liiey clear and 
rullivut« HhotHiiir piece ollresk land, and w4ien that iswxhauslod proceed to 


atliird. Their cattle are allowed to wander 'lirou^h the woods and unou';:- 
vated grounds, where they are half starved, having long ago extirpated 
all tiie annu-d grasses by cropping iheni too early in the spring, before 
they had time t<> form their flowers or ^hed seeds." That tlie o.x of these 
days was small and ill-shaped no one vs ho knows anything of stock-rearing 
needs to be t(fld, and the effects of snch treatment are fnll of snggestiou 
to any one who wishes to rear a thrif y and profitaldi- herd of cattie. 
But bad management reacts in various ways. N'oi only did the cattle, 
originall.v poor, degenerate under it. not 'uiiy were the jiasiun's ruini'd, 
but the proper cultivation of tlie farm was impossible. Every farmer 
knows that if the manure is allowed to go to waste, if wli;it has })een 
taken from the soil is not carefully and systematically restored to it the 
farm is being run down and e.xliausted. The fatal results ot this old style 
of farming is being relt in N'iririnia to this day. where, such is the force of 
custom, some occu|iier.s of land — we can scarce call them farmers — to 
this day leave their cows out in tin- pines duiing winter, sacriticiug thus 
both the animal and the means of enriching their tields. '• Previous to 
our Kevolutionary War,"' says the Hon James 31. Garrett, speaking in 
-1S4"2, '■ no attempts were made to collect manure tor general purpo.-,e.s 
aU that was deemed needful being saved for the gardens and tobacco' 
'Jots by sunvmer cow-pens. These were filled with cattle such as our 
modern breeders would hardly recognize as belonging to the bovine 
spories. In those days they were so utterly neglected that it was quite 
common for the nudtitudes starved to death every winter to supply 
hides enough for shoeing the negroes on every farm. 3Iy own grand- 
father was once very near turning otf a good overseer because cattle 
enouiih nail not died on the farm to fiu-nish leather for the ahove pur- 
pose. When cattle were fattened for beef, almost the only process was to 
turn them into the cornfield to feed themselves. Sheep and hogs were 
equally neglected.'" 

Improvement of cattle did not set in till after the systematic culture of 
■aatiual grasse-. Even in England there is no evidence of such culture tdl 
UiTT. when perennial rye-grftss was introduced, and no other variety was 
liown till toward the close of the last century on the introduction <'f 
timothy and orchard-grass. Red clover had been introduced in W^ii}, 
sainfoin in 1651, yellow clover in Ui51». but white or Dutch clover not 
till 17(Jl'. Even in Sccjtland the practice of sowing grass-seed was not 
known previous to 1792. No one can think it strange that the colonists, 
who had vastly greater hardships to encounter, allowed their cattle 
(poor ai first) to degenerate [)ersistently. One fact onl}- in some measure 
compel! ated tor this: from the unliiiuted extent of their brow-iug- 
irronnds the stock continued ever increa.-iug in numljers, so that by tlie 
.middle ot last century the kee!>ing. of stock ns>nrnod considerable import- 


anoo in the older setliements, thai by tliis lime were comparatively free -• 
from modeslation, and s)iort)y after Ilie Revolution systematic effoits be- 
gun to be made for improvement in quality. 

One of the chief obstacles experienced by the colonists was the want of 
implements. ^Most of their tools were made at home of wood, and were ■ 
heavy and rude in construction. For the few pieces in which iron was • 
employed either the metal was shaped on an anvil fixed up at home or^ 
tlie aid of the neighboring blacksmith was called in. In 1617 some- 
ploughs were set to work in Virginia. In that year the governor com- 
plained that " the colony did sutler for the want of means to set their 
ploughs in work, , having * * almost forty bulls and oxen, but they 
wanted * * iron for the ploughs and harness for the cattle." In 
Ma*;sachusetts Colony it was the custom for some one owning a ploughs 
to go about and do the ploughing over a considerable district, and a... 
t(;wnship sometimes paid a bounty to some one who would keep a plougb ; 
in repair and go about in this way. The massive old plough i-equired 
three men to use it — one stout man to bear on, one to hold, and a third!. ■ 
to drive. The other tools wt?ie a heavy spade or clumsy wooden fork, 
and, later, a harrow The ploughs used by the French .settleis upon the 
'' American Botton." in Illinois so late as 1812 were made of wood, with 
a small point of iron fastened upon tlie wood by strips of rawhide am) 
ll)«; yokes were fastened to the horns of the oxen by raw -leather 
straj)8. No small plough was used by them to j)lough corn till 1815. 
Their cults had not a particle of iron about them. All the ploughs 
were not so primitive, and some, as the Carey plough, the barshore 
or bull plough, the sliovel plough, and the hog plough, had n ore 
than a local reputation, and were in use down into tlie present century. 
Of these the Carey was the most extensively used, but tlie " shovel " was - 
iJie favorite in the Middle and Southern colonies. In both cases the par- 
ticular form varied much accordin to the skill or taste of the blacksmith 
or wheelwright who made it. In the Carey tlie landside and the stan- 
dard were made of wood, and it had a wooden mould-board, often rough- 
ly plated over with pieces of old saw-plate, tin or shect-iron. It had 
n clumsy wrought-iron share, while the handles were upright, held in 
place by two wooden pins. It took almost double the strength of team t 
to pull that a modern plougli does. The oiher implements were ffw 
and rude. Blow and laborious hand-labor was the rule, machine-work k 
the exception. Thrashing was done with the flail, winnowing by the 
wind. Indeed, it has been Raid that a strong man could have carried on^ 
hifi shoulder all the implements used on a farm previous to th*' present : 

Ofllie principal crops raised by the early netll«rB, com. pumpkins, 
wiuaHli**, u>bacco, and potato** were new to them, and theJi£ullivfttion.-. 


;' riicy Ii.i i to le;ini fiinu tiie Indiaii.-i. Their method of phiutiug com, 
which \vu? followed with little chaugc to the present ceutury. was to dig 
holes tour teet apart, put ia a tish or lw(<, and drop the seed. The In- 

■ dians' implement was a^ large clam-shell ; for this the colonists soon sub- 
stituted the grub-hoc. Corn was thus raised in the James River settle- 
ment in 1008. The Pilgrims similarly began its cultivation in 1621, the 
tish used by them for manure being ak-wives or shad. An early chroai- 

■ cier says : "According to the manner of the Indians, we manured our 
ground with herrings, or rather shadi*, which we. .„. take with great 
ease at our doors. You may see in one townsiiip one hundred acres to- 

. gether set with these tish every acre taking a thousand of them, and an 
acre thus dressed will produce as much corn as three without fish." 

In Virginia wheat was sown so early as 1611, but its culture soon 
began to give way to that of tobacco, and for more than one hundred 
years it was almost neglected, and Indian corn— and, later, potatoes — 
came to be relied on much more as means of .sustenance. As a matter 
of fact, wheat lias never been a reliable or protitable crop on our 
' aastern shores, especially in the Middle and Southern States, li^vea 
• at the present day, with all our improved- mode>< of tillage, it would 
be grown to a very litHited extent were it not for the sake of the 
«rass crop which is seeded along with it. Rye and barley were intro- 
<luc('d f;uly, and it l)ec!<uie a common practice U> mix rye meal with 
Indiaj) meal in making l.n-eati. <>at5,ii>o were introduced on the Massa- 
chusetts coast as e»vly as 1602, bul tliey were used chietly as food fop 
M«inial.s. Tlie practice of sowinggras'i-seed did not become general till 
4he UevoUitii>n. Here, a-* in the mother-country, thi^ culture is the re- 
sult of modern improvement. The culture of tlK- [lotato. though intro- 
dnced early, was not recognized as of importance till the middle of last 

■ century, when the root ])ecame esteemed as an article of food. In 1747 
seven luindred bu.shcls were exported from South Carolina. 

Tobacco began u> he. cultivated in Virginia from the very origin 
•^of the colony. It is recorded that in 1015 tlie gardens, fields, and 
the very streets of Jamestown were all planted with tobacco, which 
became not (»nly the sta[>le cro{>, but the currency of the colony. By 
1632 the pro(hict anu»unted to 60.000 pounds, and it nu>re tlian 
doubled in twenty years. Its culture wa« introduced into the Dutch 
colony of New York in I64fi. but theie with only moderate succesn ; 
■but Maryland, the Carolinas, (4eorgia. ijoui'laua. anfi, latei', Ken- 
tucky, made it a leading object from their settlement. It 

■ long conHtituted the most valuable eT{<()rt from the colonies, but even 
before the l?evolution. owing to its ethausting etlect'* on the soil, the 
pitwluct per acre had been diniini-jhing for many yexf^. From 1744 

*^o'^;7'J'«'tJvis crop 'sve.rag'ed 40.00f>,000 [)oun<ls a year. 


Fr>Mn wiiiit has been said, it set'ii thai before the Rovolu- 
lion iLf Ami.ri«:au laniier liad clum^^y find insufficifDt tool*, pour imcl 
miserable cattle, meagre crops, and wretched ideas of farming. Dur- 
ing 'lie Kevoliition-year'< agriculinre was brought to a slandsiill, and 
for lontr after it was in a state of extreme depression. Giadually the 
necessity of making some effort toward its development began todawu 
on the more intelligent and i>ul)lics'jirited. and as a result we bad 
the inauguration of local r'gricultual societies. The earliest of tbe- 
seems to have been the South Carolina Society, founded in 1784; tbt 
Pliilalelpbia, in 1785; New York in 1701; Massachusettsr, in 1192- 
Th" first agricultural exhibition took place under tbe auspices ■ f the 
Columbia Society at Georgetown, D. C, May 10, 1810, and others 
followed. In 1816 the Massaehusetts Society offered premiums and 
instituted a idoughing match. The i)lougL-ni!iki'rs were there witiB 
their eyes wide open; and this meeting, if it did not absolutely in- 
augurate the new eta of agricultural mechanics, certainly gave no 
mean impulse to this important agent in the development of American 
husbandry. The old wooden plough gave place to the cast-iron plough; 
of New Jersey, which is in turn being supplanted by the polished, 
steel plough of to-day. A better knowledge has enabled our inventors- 
to reduce the weight of the parts of the implements and at the same 
time secure more effective work while the application of steam is 
multiplying our resources indefinately, and it has become the 'main 
agent in the development of the great West. ' F6i'ty acres a day are" 
now ploughed by steam, instead of little over a quarter of an acre in 
ancient times. The steam thrasher now does the work of a thousand 
flails: the classic sickle has been supplanted by ihe great reaping and 
binding-machine, and the scythe by the mower. Hay is raked and 
stacked by liorse-jwwer, and the boy, bag, and hoe are being 
superseded by the automatic corn-planter. Space would fail us weft' 
we to try to enumerata a tithe of the successful labor-saving imple- 
ments introduced within the last half century — cultivators, horse-hoes,, 
grubbers, drills, seed-sowers, etr. etc.; and invention is still maintain- 
ing its vtalely march. Not a vear passes that does not offer to the 
almost bewildered farni'-r new di.sco.eries to economize labor and ac- 
Cehrute work. 


Knowint; iliat the c.-i:culation of this book is but local and nc;! uni- 
veisal, we (ompilesnch material us wed<am useful to the already prac- 
tical fariMi r, and omit all nuchas might be of value sinij ly to the pio- 
neer or inexperienc. d one. One of Ihe best codes a farmer can form for 
himHfll is that given by an old Scottish farmer, who on almost every 
occanion Ciirried < fi tin- prize fur tlie hwX nuinag«d larni in his district. 


ami the ljest;|,crops. His simple code was: "I have a good subject 
(farni);^I pulverize deeplj' and well, clean well, and manure well." This 
lies al the button) of snccesslul farming. We now pass to the consider- 
ation of i)ractical farm topics. First let us look at the subject of 


It has been well termed -'the most valuable improvement connected 
with agriculture." Drainage does the same service for the soil that the 
hole in the bottom does for the tlower-pot. 

But drainage produces several other effects that are important : (1) 
The stagnant watei' being removed and the earlh rendered less moist at 
the surface, far less evapoi'ation takes place there ; wherefore, as evap- 
oration cools the surface very considerably, a drained field keeps the 
Leat better, and as a consequence, the crop lipens earlier. (2) Lands 
well-drained and deeply tilled bear the drought better than others, by 
enabling the roots to penetrate deeper down to the moist earth, and by 
the increased porosity enabling the soil to retain moisture longer. (3) 
By cari7ing the redundant moisture leadily away at all seasons it en- 
ables you to cultivate sooner after wet weather, thus lengthening your 
season for tillage and thoroughly mellowing the soil, which cannot be 
done if it be too wet. (4) It avoids the danger of plants being frozen 
out in a hard winter, which they often are if the surface is fu51 of water 
on the approach of severe frost. (5) The drains (especially if laid with 
pipes) open the soil to the free access of air, and the soil is thus rendered 
fit to absorb and retain the fertilizing gases of the atmosphere — carbon- 
ic acid and ammonia — as well ae the nutritious substances brought into 
it by the rain-water, and keep them laid up for the nourishment of 
plants. (0) General drainage lessens or removes malarious influences, 
there being no curse so baneful to a farmer's family as fever and ague. 
To these it may be added that cold and stagnant water checks the de- 
composition ot manures and prevents them feeding the crop. 

Drainage is eflected either by open ditches or by covei'ed drains. 
Open ditclies are objectionable for the following reasons : they occupy 
land which might otherwise be productive ; they interfei'e with the 
proper cultivation of the land ; they are liable to cave in and become 
dammed up ; they carry off much of the best of the manure washed into 
them by heavy rains ; weeds are liable to grow along their sides. 

Under-drains are constructed in vaiious ways. Where wood is pleu* 
ty, surface stones scarce, and tiles not to be had, logs or large polcb are 
sometimes used. One pole is laid lengthways along either side of the 
bottom of the ditch, which must be broad enough to alloAV a free run 
for the water between the poles. This opening is covered by a larger 
log resting on the two bottom ones, and the whole is covered with 
brush laid with its cut ends towards the outlet, or straw, which, again, 


should be covered with sods with ihe grassy side downward, the object 
being to keep the run clear from being stopped up by earth. The whole 
is then filled m with earth packed close. Stone drains are made much 
in the same way, except that in place of logs largish stones arc used to 
form the run, or the ditch is filled to the dei)th of nine to twelve inches 
with small or pouniled stones. Stone drains can only be made where 
there is abiuidance of stones on the surface of the land. 

Tile drains are undoubtedly the best. They are less liable to get 
slopped; the tiles are out of reach of the plou h; air passes upward 
through the bore, thus ventilating and enriching the soil ; they last 
longer (a properly-laid drain will be good for half a century), and are, 
ill the end, more economical. F(n- a tile drain a trench of a foot wide 
at top and four inches at bottom is sutficient. For the pipe a simple 
round tube is found to be the best shape, and for the interior drains 
wliich enter into the larger main drains a bore of two inches in diameter 
is the right size. The distance commonly allowed between tile drains 
is 25 feet for three feet deep : 40 feet for 4 feet deep : 80 feet for 5 feet 
deep. If the drains are 20 feet apart, about 3000 tiles to the acre are 
required; if 40, about 1000 ; if 80, 500. Tiles can be purchased for 
from flO to $12 a thousand. Deep digging saves money for tiles, and is 
generally l)olicved to be more eiTective. A tile drain must be deep 
enough to be out of the reach of frosts and to be beyond the reach of 
roots ; 30 inches is a co > men depth ; but a drain of this depth is not so 
elTective as one from lo ;^0 inches deeper. The deep drain acts far- 
ther and with more effect than the -^hallow, catching springs the other 
passes over. 

Tiles with a two-inch bore are tlie most common capacity, and they 
are usually made about fifteen inches long, the continuity of th(^ drain 
being maintained by collars. It is • f course impossible in our space lo 
give minute details as to the distance, grade, and digging of your drains, 
or ns to the anangetncnt of main and lateral drains, for these vary in 
nccoifiancf with circumstances. One point, however, the tarmer must 
iitlfud to — viz. lo secure a ooiniietcnt o\illct. tor witlioul this all liis toil 
,'ifnl labor is tlirown away. Maki' il as low as lircunistanccs will per- 
mit, in order lo secure as great a fall as possible, which should never be 
loss than one inch to iIk; rod. The outlet should be protected by either 
'»»rick or stone-work, and have a grate over the same, to prevent ob- 
structions getting inlii ihc pipe. 

I'l.Ol (illlNCi. 

All cultivation, whether with the i»lougli, hai row, or hoe, has for its 

■objecl the reducing of the soil lo such a line and condition that it 

will permit the air to circulate freely through il. This hastens the decay 

of vt'gctable mutter, and retain Ihe gases escaping from such dccom- 


posiiiiuii lu be used as plunt-l'ood. It is ouly in finel}' pulverized soil 
ILat seeds can wilb ease send down their tender roots and receive the 
nouisliment essential to their vigorous development. Hence the necessity 
for tlKjiough ploughing as the first and most important process in 
pulverization. Ploughing dune in the fall and winter has this great ad- 
vantage, that it exposes the upturned soil to the action of frost, which is 
the most powerful agent in crumbling down and pulveiizing the soil at 
the same time destroying the roots of many weeds. The objects of 
ploughing may be summed up as follows : To destroy existing vege- 
tation ; lossen the soil and aid in preparing the seed-bed ; prepare the 
lower portions of the soil for the better use of plants by exposure to 
frost and atmospheric influences ; gradually deepen the productive sur- 
face-soil ; cover fertilizing materials ; admit air and water the 
roots of the plants. 

The common plough is the instrament conmionly used in breaking up 
the land, and is the most economical that can be employed. In passing 
through the soil the plough separates and cuts off a slice of its surface, 
cutting it both vertically and horizontally, turning it over in such a way 
as to leave it exposed to the action of the harrow, which foll'>ws the 
plougli and pulverizes the soil more completely. The furrow should be 
deep, straight, and of such a width that the slice cut off may be turned 
over or left on its edge a.s the ploughman may wish. It is best to deepen 
the arable soil gradually by ploughing a'lout an inch or half an inch 
deeper each time, till it is worlied deep enough, say from seven to twelve 
inches, according to the crops it is designed to cultivate. If much of a 
poor subsoil should be brought up to the surface at once, the farmer will 
have to wait two, three, or four years before he obtains the good effects 
of deep tillage. Deep ploughing has much the same effect as 
thorough draining, though in a less degiee, and is espedally needed in 
the cultivation of deep or tap-rooted plants, like carrots, parsnips and 

One important principle miist always be kept in view, that clay or 
tenacious soil should never be ploughed when eilhor too wet o: too dry. 
If ploughed .wet, clay soils will bake and their lertiliiy is injured for 
j'ears. On wet, stiff soiis there is no rule more essential thiiu to open 
them as early as possible, that they may have the full benefit ol the frost. 
If left till spring the soils may be too wet for ploughing, or if the season 
be dry the earth when turned up will be in clods very unfit for vegetation. 
On farms having a pro] ortion of clay and light soils it is necessary that 
the strong, wet land be ploughed first if the weather will allow. 

In working keep your team as close to the plough as possible, the 
plough perpendicular, and the furrow straight. A furrow seven inches 
deep should be ten inches wide. Let the furrow or " land" be as long as 


possible, lo avoid loss of time in turnin,!,^ Wherever practicable, plough 
from the centre of the field. Keep your team moving at a regular pace. 


The subsoil plough is designed lo follow in the furrow of the common 
plou.di, loosening ami breaking up the lower layers of the soil without 
bringing ihcm to the surface. With this instrument it is easy lo loosen 
the subsoil six or eight inches below the furrow left by the ordinary 
plough, stirring the land lo a depth of twelve or eighteen inches. The 
benctits of subsoil ploughing are very similar to those of deep ploughing, 
enabling the roots of the plants to reach the nitrogen and other ferti- 
lizing subslancce that exist deep below the surface, as also to get beneath 
the reach of drought," while it permits air and rain to penetrate deeper. 
On land well undcrdiaiued subsoiling has a beneficial effect; on land 
that needs draining no permanent etfect is derived. 


The harrow is an ancient implement, its most common use being to 
follow the plough, tc break down and mellow or pulverize the furrow- 
slice, and 60 to prepare a fine seed-bed. It is also of material use in 
clearing the ground of such weed as the plough has brought near the 
surface, as well as in covering seeds sown broadcast. In fact, the har- 
row is to the farmer much wliat the rake is totlte gardner. In preparing 
a line surface it is necessary lo go over the grouiul several times ii\ 
different directions — that is, to cross-harrow repfeatedly. No specific 
number of times can be indicated: the farmer must judge for himself 
when the ground is l)rought to a sufticient fineness and cleanliness. 

Tht- cull i valor may be regarded as a modification of the harrow, but in 
som«' respects more efficient, because with its plough-shaped teeth it 
lightens up and mellows the soil, instead of pressing it down hard, as the 
harrow is apt lo do everywhere e.\cei)l on new, rough land. In culti- 
vating hoed crops care is needed to avoid cutting the roots. In the early 
(Stages of growtli cultivate as deeply, and late in the season as shallow, 
a- pfiK^ibh — just deep enough to kill tlic weeds. When plants have 
obtain'Ml one hair their gr.iwlli you may lake it forgranlc<l their roof« 

occupy all the space between the roots 
Th<' hort-c hoc is a nmdificalion of tin- cultivator with special lel'erence 

to i)ic dcslruclion of weeds. The piofil derived from the use of culti. 

valoi> and horse-hoes <lepends almost entirely on the frecpieney with 

which they arc used and tiie deptii to which eidlivation reaches. 

It is a general thing in the district in which we write to cultivate corn 

at least three linu-K, and then " to lay it l>y." Cabbages, bean.s, potatoes. 

lurnipK (wlien drilled.) carrots, beets, and rool-erops generally can 

»cnrcely be cultivated loo frequently. Keep the earth about Ihcm 

alwnvxlooFC and fine, and desfrov everv weed. 



Amoug the principal uses of the roller are the followin2; : Bypassing it 
43-i7er the land after ploughing it settles the furrows, so tnat they will not 
^53 disturbed by the harrow ; it grinds to dust most of the clods on the 
syiTtace; it presses down such stones as the harrow has exposed, thus 
-preparing a smooth surface for the mower or reaper; if used in the 
spring on winter grain, meadow, or pasture, it settles the frost-heaved 
plant back in its place and compresses the soil about its roots. It is 
often useful on newly-sown graiu. hastening the germination by pre- 
-serving the moisture. The roller maj'' be used to advantage in the dri- 
■tst weather, but when the soil is so wet as to pack instead of crumble 
3t <loes more harm than good. 

On compact clay soils, where the clods are often nearly as hard as 
Ijiicks, a homemade clod-crusher is often more efflcient than the ordi- 
.?sary roller. 


The term "manure" is applied to all substances added to the soil with 
lite view of increasing its ability to produce vegetable growth. Chem- 
*str)- teaches us that the food of all plants is very much alike, though 
■scxcne classes must be supplied with certain substances in greater abun- 
<dance than others. The great mass of all vegetables is resolved into 
-sarbonic acid, water, and ammoni;i. But besides, these plants on being 
turned leave lime, potash, soda, magnesia, silica, sulphates, and phos- 
phates as ash. If any one of these elements is absolutel}^ wanting in the 
•*>il, the plants to which tliat element is essential could not sprout there, 
-aad If planted would pine and die of starvation. Plaster, for example, 
3s essential to clpver. and clover-seed sown in a soil destitute of plaster 
■would not come up, or if it were present in insufHcient quantity the 
plant would be proportionally feeble and small. The same holds of 
'^verj' plant, and the obvious remedy is to add artificially to the soil 
tie nutritive elements in which it is deficient. It would plainly "tran- 
-seend the scope of this paper to enumerate the various elements neces- 
sary for the food of different plants and to describe their mode of action: 
u'hat is the province of agricultural chemistry. We must limit ourselves 
■TO the dii-ectly practical. 

3Ianures may be classified in accordance'witli the way they act into 
aiutritive, or those whose ingredients are taken up by the roots of the 
plants and go to form part of their structure; solvents, or those which 
*ive to water greater power to dissolve the plant-food contained in the 
-soil; absorbents, or those which add to the power of the soil to absorb 
the fertilizing parts of other manures, of rain- and snow-water, and of 
-*ie air in the soil; mechanical, or those which improve the texture of the 
•xnl, as clay on sandy or peaty soil, peat or sand on clayey soil: some- 
times the last class of manures are termed amendments. 


Another division of ferlilizers is into inorganic or mineral, and organic 
or vegetable and animal. 


In tlieir general character inorganic fertilizers are both nmnures an^ 
amendment?. They nourish the plants and exert mechanical action up- 
on the texture of the soil — its lightness, stiffness, couipaciness. The- 
leading mineral fertilizers are lime, marl, plaster, woodashes, sulphates- 
and other salts of ammonia, phosphates and superphosphateb of lirr.®^ 
salts of potash, etc., etc. 

Lime amends a soil by dec(jmposing some of its ingredients, especially 
all kinds of vegetable matter. It corrects acidity in organic matter, a32d 
destroys weeds favored by such a condition of soil. It aids in the de*- 
composition of certain salts whose bases form the food of plants. Ob, 
certain lands the finer grasses do not grow till the ground has beexr 
limed. It :s especially an important element in the clovers, tobacco,. 
peas, and turnips. As has already been said, it is unequalled for quick- 
ening a rich but dormant virgin soil into active energy. It may eitnez 
be spread on the ground befoie ploughing and jjloughed in, or it may 
be spread alter plpughing and harrowed in, or simply spread over pas- 
ture and left on the surface. A hundred or two hundred bushels is '^ 
fair allowance, good land bearing a larger dose than poor, thin laud. JL 
convenient way of spreading lime regularly is to divide your land by 
furrows into checks resembling those of a checker-board, but froiSE 
twenty to thirty feet square. You calculate how many of these checks- 
are in an acre, and, having determined how many bushels you are going 
to allow to an acre, you easily fix how much is to be placed in each of 
the checks. This may be placed there in the lump and allowed to slake 
by the action of the atmosphere, but it is better to cover it with earth, aa- 
the slaking is more gradual and thorough. After being slaked it is easily 
spread over its check with a shovel. 

Marl is a mixture of lime and clay or lime and sa<ul. When exposed 
to the atmosphere, it should crunjble easily, as its action is in proportiois 
t(i its leadiness to mix perfectly with the soil. Though less energetic, it 
lias all the itcrmancut effects of lime, and is very valuable as an amend- 
menl. Clayey marl should be applied to sandy soils, and sandy marl tCf 


Plaster or gyps>im (often called jilasler of Paris; is a sulphate of lini&,. 
iiud the valuable effects it produces on soils are owing to its supplying 
them not onlj with lime, but with the important and sometimes essentiar. 
element s\djihur. A good way of using plaster is to scatter it in the- 
Bba]>e of the finest impalpable powder in the spring, just as vegetation 
is beginning, wljile the dew of the morning or evening is on the plants, 
so that It may stick. It ought not to be applied in rainy weather, Plas- 


'iex thus applied is especially good for clover. It is used also for legnm- 

iaous plants, and for corn, potatoes, and turnips, being put in with the 
isceds or sprinkled on them after the first hoeing. It is also useful by 
:axing the annnonia of the atmosphere and laying it up for the future 
. 'ase of plants. As an absorbent of ammonia it is of high value in the 
•stable and poultry-yards, acting as a deodorizes, while its value as a 
Ifertili/.er is greatly enhanced. From one hundred to two hundred pounds 
an acre is a dose. 

Sulphate ot soda is s dd to be good for clover and other green crops, 
sulphate of magnesia for these crops and potatoes. 

A'<hes.—[\. has been often observed that on strewing wood-ashes on a 

aneadow tliat has long been mown thousands of clover-plants make their 

-appearance where none were visible beforj. Ashes are made up of 

salts, as silicates, phosphates, sulphates, and carbonates. The carbon- 

.^tes and sulphates of potash and soda are dissolved out by leaching. 

The silicates, phosphates, and carbonates of lime and magnesia are in- 

-soluble. Far the largest part of leached ashes is carbonate of lime, the 

- -next being phosphate of lime or bone-dust. 

Unleached ashes are of great value for Indian corn, turnips, beets, and 
, potatoes, because of the amount of salts of potash they contain; for so 
important is potash to these plants that they are called "potash plants." 
The leached ashes have important effects when mixed in the compost - 
iieap. Ashes of sea-coal and anthracite are an excellent top-dressing for 

Potuhli. — Potash is of high value for an}" land in which it is deficient. 
It is specialh' valuable for the plants already enumerated as "potash 
plants," as well as for oats and cabbage. The cheapest way to get potasli 
is to buy the German mineral kainit, of which potash constitutes 22 per 
-sent. It costs at the port of import about $10 a ton. 

Phosphot&s. — No salts are of greater value to the farmer than these. 
Mineral phosphates are most readily got b}' dissolving, by means, of sul- 
■phuric acid, the coprolites constituting the well-known South Carolina 
-or Charleston lock. These dissolved coprolites contain from 8 to 14 per 
•cent, available phosphoric acid and 2 to 3 per cent, potash. Tliis ma- 
aiure is useful for every crop, phosphates giving Iioues their great value 
as a manure. Acid phosphate can be had at Charleston for $15. o a ton. 

Suit. — Common salt is of great value as a fertilizer, especially ^or cer- 
tain plants, as asparagus. It is also good for wheat, making the straw 
brighter, .s'tifFer, and stronger, and less liable to lodge. It not only en- 
riches the soil but kills nearlj' all weeds, and must therefore l)e used 
.Tith di>cretiori. In small proportions it is of value to all cultivated 
•plants, besides rendering grass and clover more palatable to animals. 
.Salt that has been used for curing meat or fish is cheaper and better tlian 
T>ure salt. 



Tae u se ot organic inamiiesi.s to furuish ihe soil wilLi humus or nionldi 
which shall serve as a reservoir to hokl in readiness for plants all sorts^ 
of food necessary to their growth, especially a supply of carbonic acid^ 
ammonia, and watei-, -which three are the result of the decompositioB of 
vegetable substances. Organic manures should therefore be employeiS. 
in a condition favorable to decomposition, either in a fermented state em. 
ready to enter into fermentation. 

Organic manures are either vegetable, animal, or mixed. The rnsias. 
purely vegetable maiuires are green ciops ploughed under, the best 
plants for this being clover, lucerne, and sainfoin, vetches, buckwheat, 
wild mustard, rye, Indian corn, turnip- and potato-tops, etc. For sandir 
and light soil the best are the clovers, cabbages, rye, and Indian ccyi?. 
turnip- and potato-tops; for clayey, stiff soils, beans and pease, vetches.., 
clovers; but green crops are least suited for clay soils. For calcareo^iss; 
soils that need no lime they are very useful, as also for dr}^ sandy soSs.. 
Green manuring is specially useful in places rennote from the hom'estead^. 
where the expense of carriage of other manure would be considerable.- 

The land for a green crop meant to be used as manure for wintsa;- 
wheat and rye (for both of which it is suitable) should be ploughed dec-f; 
in spring, and the seed sown so as to have the crop in full bloom &ix&. 
ready to be ]jloughed under two or three weeks before the grain is to "hB- 
sown. Tlie manure, with lime or plaster, should be ploughed in totS«. 
depth of lour to six inches, and the wheat or rye sown just as decompe*- 
sition begins. 

When land is much infested with weeds two green crops may lac 
grown the same season and ploughed down before the weeds are rips:. 
This both cleans the land and enriches the soil. The mechanical textiir* 
ol the soil is imjjroved by jjloughiug in a green crop, a tenacious soiE 
being looseneil and made more friable, and coherence being given t©> a& 
sandy soil. 

Kelp and rock -weed aie good nianures for cabbages, also Ibi' llax ajx& 
hemp, and rye, oats' lurnijis, and clover are benetited. Their actioii Ss 
immediate, but does not last long. 

The .'-traw and leaves of particular vegetables are the best manures fta 
these vegetables — wheat straw lor wheat, jiotato-lops for potatoes, grape- 
vine prunings for vines, etc. Straw jtloughed Into stiff soils rendea* 
then'! mure i)orous. F'or land laid down in grass, damaged hay not fift 
for animals is a^valuable n)anure. Leaves, grasses, young twigs, and sM. 
other green vegetable matter — the very element ol humus — are valuabJi* 
ab manures, and may be ploughed in fresh or added to the comp©s5-. 



These are the most powerful of all, on account of the great quantity 
of nitrogen they contain. The nitrogen unites with hydrogen and forms 
ammonia, and. this by further combination forms ammonical salts, which 
are dissolved by water and carried to the n.ots of plants. The flesh of 
'quadrupeds, fishes, etc. contains 50 per cent, carbon, 15 to 17 nitrogen, 
besides sails of potash, soda, lime, and magnesia, and is therefore one of 
the very best of manures. The best way to utilize dead carcasses for 
manure is to put ihem in a hole two feet deep, cover with quicklime, a 
layer of earth, then of plaster, and ag: in of earth. In a few weeks the 
pit rpay be opened, the bones separated and used for manure, and thg 
remaining mass turned over and mixed with earth, '"The body of a 
dead horse," says Dana, "can convert twenty tons of peat into a madure 
richer and more lasting than stable manure." 

Hoofs, hair, feathers, skins, wool, and blood contain over 50 per cent, 
carbon and from 13 to 18 nitrogen, besides salts of lime, etc. Made 
into a compost they are e.xcellent for potatoes, turnips, hops, or for 
meadow-land. Being slow of decomposition, their action may last seven 
or eight years. Blood especially, containing 52 per cent, carbon, 17 
nitrogen, besides phosphates, sulphates, and carbonates of potash, soda, 
lime, etc., is, when made into compost, a valuable manure for light soils, 
acting quickly, but soon carried away. It is good for spring crops and 
garden vegetables. 

Bones. — The employment of bones as a manure is o)ie of the greatest 
improvements in modern agriculture. The chemical constituents of 
bones are gelatin 33.30 per cent., phosphate of lime 50 to 60 per cent., 
besides carbonate of lime, phosphate of magnesia, soda, and chloride of 
sodium (common salt). Bones are applied either simply reduced to small 
fragments or a coarse powder called '-bone-dust," or dissolved by sul- 
phuric acid. The etiect of the acid on bones is to reduce them to a pulpy 
mass. The value of bones lies in their phosphates, as these salts are 
largely removed from 1 .nd by the feeding of cattle and crops. If grass- 
lands are sterile, it is easy to discover whether a deficiency ot phosphorus 
is tiie cause by adding crushed or dissolved bone and watchingthe effect. 
It is as an application for turnips that bones produce their most marked 
results. The seed is small, with only a limited supply of phosphates 
stored ui). Unless the roots n.eet a concentrated supply, the other ele- 
ments of plant-food — carbonic acid, ammonia, water — cannot be assim- 
ilated. Bone-dust may be applied at tue rate often to twelve hundred- 
weight to the acre, and its efl'ects will be observed for several years. 

The action of bones is accelerated by converting their phosphates into 
super-phosphates by treating with sulphuric acid diluted with water. 
The pasty mass may then be mi.xed with water in the proportion of one 


barrel to a liundi ed of water and apjilied in a liquid state, or it may he 
mixed with a large quantity of earth, sawdust, soot, or powdered char- 
coal, and thus applied, No artificial manure is to be so thoroughly re- 
lied on as i)ure bone. 

Mixed Manures, — Of all Ihefertilizevsat the disposal of the farmer, 
none is to be compared in value to fiirmyard manure. "Without ma- 
nure," says the French proverb, "there are no good fields; with plenty 
of manure there are no poor ones." Other manures have great value for 
particular purposes; this is useful for all. This is just what w6 should 
expect. The concentrated essence of the nutritious elements of plants 
forms the food of man and animals. All these valuable elements, ex- 
cept the comparatively small portion which is converted into flesh or 
milk, are returned to the manure-heap, or ought to be. Manure con- 
sists not oiiiy oi luai pan. oi lue animal's food not assimilated and dis- 
f.'.rded in the form of dung and urine, but also of the straw, cornstalks, 
leaves, etc., used as bedding, as well as the waste food and litter from 
the manger, feed-bo.x and rack. The richer the food upon "which stock 
is fed, so much richer the manure produced. Thus stock fed upon stravp 
have a very poor manure, while turnips, and especially oil. cake, add 
largely to its value. Although farmyard manure is useful for all plants, 
Uurc are .-iome to which it is more valua.l)le than others. Potatos and 
beans :ire raised with best success with this manure. It also tends to 
render 111 uds more adapted for carrying clovers, and many farmers ap- 
iply it to lands to be sown out with gra.saes. As a top dressing for win- 
er whi-at (see Whk.\t) it is of the highest value, protecting the tender 
grain from l..e effects of severe Irost and enriching the land far more 
permanently than any fertilizer sown along with the crop, save, it may 
be, bones. Speaking generally, we may say cow and ox-manures are 
more suitable for dry, light soils; that from the horse-stable for stiff, clay- 
ey sdils; Irom the jjenfold and the pig-stpe arc better fitted for 
meadow-lands, as they often imi>art a disagreeable flavor to culinary- 
vegetables. Poultry manure is by far the strongest of all, and must 
therefore be u.sed with great caution, otherwise you run the risk of burn- 
ing your eroj). It ought always to be largely mixed with earth or other 
proper basis for a coinjiost. 

The best materials for bedding horses and cattle are straw, leaves, 
sedge, reeds, sawdust' and damngeil hay. Where these cannot be had, 
then resource may be hau to turf, iojun, or even sand. When cattle are 
fed in sheds ih(! whole surface should be covered with such substances. 
The Blablos may be kept clean and sweet by Kpriiikling a little plast^er 
on ilieir Hofirs once a day. 

The main object in n-gard to manure should be that none of it, liquid 
or Bolid, be lost or become less ellieienl than it ought to be. If it be left 


exposed to the open air and suffered to be drenched with rain or i)arch- 
■id up hy the. sun. a p;vc'dt proportion of the products will be washed 
away or be volatilized. The best and most convenient arrangement is to 
have the manure fall into a cellar under the stable. There is danger of 
it heating here from the process of decomposition which immediately 
nets in, anc! of its most valuable constituent, ammonia escaping. In a 
cellar where the liquid manure is saved as carefully as the solid, and 
into which a stream of water may be directed by a spout from the eaves, 
this will ^arcely occur ; but if the smell of ammonia is perceived, then 
a good plan is to cover the heap with a layer ot plaster or fresh garden- 
soil or loam. In no case should the temperature be i>€rmitted to rise 
above 100 degrees Fahr. If there is not a cellar below your stables, it 
is wise economy to cover the heap with a roof and convey off the water 
from the eaves. 

Guano is largely vegetable in its substance, modified by the processes 
it undergoes in the animal body. We class it, therefore, as a mixed 
manure. It is the dropping.s of sea-fowls collected for innumerable 
years on certain uninhabited islands on the coasts of Africa and Peiii. 
in a climate not subject to rain, mingled large!}' with remains of feath- 
ers, eggs, food and carcasses. In some places it accumulates to the 
depth of sixty to eighty feet. Different specimens vary much in (juality. 
The following may Ik; regarded as a sort of average analysis ot pure, 
good guano ; Organic matter, containing nitrogen, 50 per cent : water, 
11 ; phosphate of lime, 25; ammonia, phosphate ot magnesia, phosphate 
and o.xalate of ammonia, 1"; .si'!dr/,'>.^ ii,..Llv.;- T.-v,;:: ciu^,:. < f Llic!.';, 1. 
Tlie above analysis exhibits a strongly concentrated manure. As we 
have indicated, it is above the medium, as much as 15 to 20 per cent of 
sand alone being found in some specimens. Guano used to be largely 
used for roots, gi-ains, and other cultivated crops, and as a top-di'essing 
for grass. Before using it for the latter p'.npose it should be mixed 
with twice its weight of fine earth, plaster, charcoal-dust, or ashes. The 
proper dose is two hundred to four hundred pounds an acre, sown 
broadcast and harrowed in or supplied in two dressings, the first imme- 
diately upon the plants appearing, but so as not to come in contact with 
them ; the other, from ten to fourteen days later, immediately before 
rain or moist weathei. It t-an be used as liquid manure by dis.'^olving 
four pounds in twelve gallons of water and letting it stand for twenty- 
tour hour.•^ before using. The best guano - viz. that from the Peruvian 
islands — is now becoming exhausted, and what is in the market is niuch 
infericn- ; therefore its use is not nearly so general as formerly. Another 
reason for its comparative disuse is the general i:>.pres.sion that guano 
does nf)t enrich the soij, but by it.^ stimulating effects on the plants 
leaves it rather poorer than before its application. 


Useful Farm Recipes and Hints. 

All excellent and economical paint tor rough vvoocUvork can be made 
of nielled pitch, six i.ounds ; linseed oil, one pint ; and brickdust or 
yellow ochre, one i)ound. 

Lime inUtewash.—VlAce some freshly-burned quicklime in a 
pail and pour on suflicient water to cover it (k the lime is fresh great 
heat is given out) ; then add one pint of boiled linseed oil to each gallon 
of wash. For cheapness any refuse fat, such as dripping, may be used 
instead of the boiled oil. The whole should be thinned v^{h water. 
Should colored wash be required, one pound of green vitriol added to every 
two gallons of wash gives a very pleasing drab. The brush should not 
be left in the lime-wash or the bristles will be destroyed. 

Quicklime slaked with skimmed milk and afterward thinned with 
water makes an excellent wash for outdoor walls, as it is not acted upon 
by the weather. 

Calcimine,— This is a substitute for whitewash and is used for nice 
work. It is made of Paris white and glue sizing in this proportion ; 
twenty pounds of Paris white to one pound of glue, dissolved in boiling 
water. Dilute the mixture with water until it is oi a creamy thickness. 

U hitewash. -Tdka half a bushel of unslaked hme and slake it with 
boiling water. Cover it during the process. Strain it, and add a peck of 
salt dissolved in warm wa'.er, three pounds of ground rice boiled to a 
thin paste put in boiling hot, half a p und of Spanish whiting, 
and a pound of clean glue dissolved in warm water. Mix it and let it 
stand several days. Keep it in a kettle, and put it on hot as possible 
witli a brush. It is .said to look as well and last nearly as 1 .ug as oil 
jtaint on wood, brick, or stone. 

A very siini)le wash may be made in the following manner : Slake as 
above, and add to each pailful half a pint of ^ait and the same quantity 
of wood-ashes sifted fine ; this makes it thick like cream, an I covers 
smoke much better. Use hot. Coloring may be used if desired. 

(Jhedjt ff'd'ih for liHildinffs— Take a clean water-light cask and 
put into iialf a bushel of lime. Slake it by pouring water over it boiling 
liol und in suflicient (piantity to cover it five inches deep, and stir briskly 
until it is thoroughly slaked. When the lime has been slaked, dissolve 
it in water, and add two pounds of s\ilphate of zinc and one of common 
salt. These will cause the wash to harden and prevent its cracking, 
which gives an unseemly appearance to the work. A beautiful cream- 
color may be given to the wash by adding three pounds of yellow ochre, 
or a good pearl-orlead-color by the aduition of a lump of iron-black 
For fawn-color add four pounds of umber, one pound of Indian red, and 
one pound of common lampblack. For stone-color add two pounds of 
raw umber and two pounds of lampblack. When applied to the outside 


of houses iind to fences, it is rendered more durable by adding about a 
pint of sweet milk to a gallon of wash. 

Damaged Hay m-^y be rendered available by cutting into chaff and 
dressing with molasses and water. 

To Preserve JVoodeu Buildings. — Mix two parts of tar, one of 
pitch, half ot resin; boil, and paint the wood when quite hot. Give 
two coats, well sanding with the last. 

Flooring for Pig-styes. — Take six parts of gravel, three of sand, 
and one of cement ; mix dry, and tiien make into mortar. Spread three 
inches thick over the ordinary floor. 

Sulphuring Seed. — A safe plan in sowing any kin ! of seed is to 
mix it with sulphur- about one pound to twelve pountls of seed. It 
serves to impart vigor, and keeps away parasites. The sulphur may be 
fearlessly mixed wiih the seed and sown with it. 

To Destroy Caterpillars,— These are great pests in the garden, 
devouring gooseberry and currant bushes, cabbages, etc. The best plan 
is to mix up a quantity of turpentine and water to sprinkle the bushes 
with. In order to make the turpentine mix well, some fine mould must 
be mixed with it, and the water added to the required consistency. It 
need not be very strong, but a fair sprinkling from a watering-pot with 
a good rose on the spout will kid them or prevent them from doing 
further damage. Tar- water is also said to be effective, and is excellent 
for destroying green fly, wood lice, and ants. 

To Destroy Potatoe-bugs. — Mix one pound of Paris green with 
ten pounds of flour or whiting. The mixture suouid be siticU ou tlie 
potato-hills while the vines are wet with due or rain. 

To Destroy the Striped Dug on Cucumbers or Melons. — 
Sift charcoal (lust over the plants tlircc or four times in succession, or 
take a solution of one peck of iie;i-house maiuire to one and a half 
gallons of water, and sprinkle the viues freely after sunset. 

Por Killing Lice on cows, horses, and hogs the following appli- 
cation is successful : Take the water in which potatoes have been boiled 
and rub it over the skin of the animal to be treated. The lice will be 
dead in two hours, and no further progeny appeaj*. 

Shelters for Sheep— Slu^ep should have slielter to run under at all 
seasons. They need it during the long cold rains of autumn fully as 
much as any other animal on the farm does. They get soaked to the 
skin during these long rains, and in that condition suffer great discom- 
fort, which always tells on the flesli and general condition. Sheds for 
this purpose are easily and cheaply constructed in the pasture or field if 
it is not convenient to let them up to the stables. 

The Best Hay. — To make the best and most nutritious hay the 
mowed grass shiiuld not be allowed to become too dry before being put 


up. Whcu it " rattles" a gre:it deal of its nutriiiitnt is lost, and it -will 
not uiakc a-^ '^ood feed as it otlierwise would. The greener it can be put 
up the better. Hay-harvesting requires considerable intelligent consider- 
Htjon. and the farmer that gives it the most attention is the one that will 

CiiUr .sliould be nuide only iVoui perfectly clean and sound apples if 
it is expected tf» be good. Insist on cleanliness being practised at every 
stage of the making. For i)erserving it there should first be slow 
fermentation in a cool place, and aficr fermentation bung lightly. Tt 
will soon become clear, when it should be racked off in bottles. 

A pint of mustard-seed put in a barrel of cider will keep it sweet for 
several luonihs, and make it more wholesome. 

The Sit n/ioH-ri'.— This plant is truly useful as well as ornamental. 
The tiowcr^ contain a large quantity of honey and are most a' tractive to 
bees, and tlie .seeds are much relished by poultry. The seeds yield a 
large percLiitage of fine oil, wlnlc the leaves and cut stalks are reli.shcd 
by cattle. The first fif)wers, just before full bloom, furnish a i)alatHbl(' 
dish for the table, resembling artichokes in flavor. The seeds ground 
into flour make very good cakes, and if roasted furnish a drink not 
mudi inferior to cocoa. Boiled in alum, they make a good blue color- 
ing-matter. The leaf is u.scd as tobacco, the seed-pods made into blot- 
'ing-l»ai)ei, and the plants, if grown in damp places — for they will grow 
jiny where — are a protection against intermittent fever. 

llai-iicHS Polish. — To make a good harness polish, take ol mutton 
-uel iui» ounces; beeswax, . !.; .'.■..;.^c.- ; \.i... J.-ii.."! .-U^...;, . ::. v,v,ikco ; 
lampblack, one ounce ; green or yellow soap, two ounces; and water, 
lialfa pint. l)i><solve the soap in the water, add the other solid ingre- 
dient-, nd\ s\cll, and add InriuMitine. Lay on with a spo^ige and pol- 
ish olT w illi a 1)1 iish. 

7V» Oil lln rm'ss.- Wet the harness over-night and cover it with a 
blankfi. iwid in Ihc morning it will be damp and supple. Kub on 
neats'-fooi nj] in small (pianiiiicv. Never use vegetable oils on leather. 

To MaUf Ilofttx ami Shots llUfcr proof. — Take one pound of 
fresh tallow or mulloii sml and melt it in an earthenware dish with half a 
pound of beeswax and about half an ounce of resin, and apply the 
mixture while warm to the soles and uppers, which should be well 
soHke<l with it. Soaking the soles in boiled linseed oil in a flat-bottomed 
vcKHt'I renders I hem waterproof. Tlie oil should not be deeper than the 
thIcknesK of the soles, as it 'should not get upon the upper leather, for 
• it would render it hard. To take the stifliiess out of boots and shoes 
when they linve been wet, il is well to rub thcin thoroughly with castor 
oil, or the following niixture is exeellenl : lUirgundy pitch, half an 
ounce; •■pirils of turjientine, one ouiu-e ; linseed oif, one gill ; these 


should be melted together, and nibbed into the leather when quite dry 
before the (ire or in the hot sun. 

To Uestroj/ Rati*. — The following is an effectual mixture : Melt 
hog's lard in a bottle inimerseJ in water heated to about 150 deg. Fahr.; 
then put in half an ounce of phosphorus for every pound of lard, and 
add a pint of whiskey. Cork the bottle tight when the mixture has 
been heated as hot as the water, and, taking it out of the water, shake 
it well until a milky-looking liquid is formed. When the liquid cools 
it will afford a solid compound of phosphorus and lard, from which the 
spirits may be poured off and used again if needed. Warm the com- 
pound a little and pour it into a mixture of wheat flour and sugar. This 
dough, rolled into pellets, is to be laid in rat-holes. It will be found 
as etHcacio'.s as any rat-poison sold. 

yew /tc-f/.s, VIC. — To remove the disagreeable taste from new kegs, 
churns, or other wooden vessels, first scald them with boiling water, 
then dissolvf; some pearlash or soda in lukewarm water, adding a little 
lime to it, and wash the inside of the vessel well with the solution ; 
afterward scald it well with plain hot water before using. 

A Good Disinfectant. — Permanganate of potassa in soluti'»n, 
twenty-five grains to two quarts of water, is an excellent disinfectant ; 
it can be used for removing odors in utensils or in rooms. It is excel- 
lent for disinfecting mouldy barrels. Two or three tablespoonf uls of 
the solution, added to a pint of water, will cleanse a cask or barrel, 
which should be washed and rinsed out well. 

Corn-cribs. — A corn-crib should be mounted on posts several feet 
high, and these capped with inverted metal pans, in order to prtn-enl 
depredations from rats and mice. 

Protecting JToi'ses, — Sponging horses with a solution of a dram 
of Persian insect-powder to a quart of water is said to be an effectual 
remedy against the anno3^ance of flies and insects. 

Advice on Sheep- raising. — In winter it is of prime importance 
that sheep sliould have plenty ot rough feed in connection with their 
green rations. Corn-fodder nicely cured stands at the head, being rel- 
ished by the sheep and excellent in assisting the fattening process. The 
corn used in fattening sheep dees not need the preparation necessar^^ for 
cattle. One of the best rations for fattening is composed of three parts 
of shelled corn, one part of wheat bran, with a little oil meal added. 
This, fed in connection with fodder or clover ha}-, with a plentiful sup- 
ply of pure water, gives excellent results. 

Sheep can best be fattened at from one and a half to two years old. 
Previous to this time the wool should pay a reasonable profit upon the 
keeping. At this age sheep will take on more fat from the same 
amount of feed, and the mutton be of better quality, than if held longer. 


The mutton market is most active from about the 1st of February until 
the Isl of May, after this period the supply generally being full and 
prices lower. Sheep fattened for the earl ■> market require more feed, 
better shelter and care, but the price received generally pays for this 
extra cost. Those turned into market during the summer or fall have 
the advantage of green feed supplied at less cost than the dry. 

If'efiiihtff PiffK. — In weaning pigs. saj'S an authority, there is soine- 
thing more to be considered than simply taking them away from their 
mother. They should be weaned gradually, so as not- to get any stunt 
or setback. To take jiigs away from their mother and little home be- 
fore tliey have been taught to eat gives them a check for at least two 
weeks, and this is quite a little part of their lives if they are designed for 
slaughter when thej' are six to eight months old. Feeding them in a 
separate jilace to which they have access Avill accustom them to eating, 
and when deprived of their mothers milk they will refuse to eat until 
driven to it by hunger. 

Jfow to Sharpen a Scythe, — Keei> the blade firmly upon the 
grindstone, with the point drawn toward the body of the holder, at an 
angle of about forty-tive degrees with the edge of the stone. Commence 
to grind at the heel, and move it steadily along ^s the work progresses 
until the point is reached ; then grind the other side in the same man- 
ner. Never rub the scythe back and forth upon the stone, as though 
fnde.-ivoring to whet it. The revolution of tin- stone will wear away 
llie steel much better than rubbing it in lliis manner, by wliich the edge 
is likely to be made round and to be set irrcguhirly. li is prefer ibli^ to 
hold the scythe so that the slone will revolve toward the edge. In this 
way the holder can see when the edge is renched, and the piirticles 
ground off are carried away clean. In lh<! opi osite me-hod of grinding 
lliere is risk of making a " feather edge" wliieh will rendily crumble 
off and leave the seytlir almost or (piite as dull as betbre. The blade 
8b<»uld be ground equally on both .sideB, In whetting the scythe lay the 
rifli- or whetstone Hat against the hide of the blade, and give a light, 
quick si roke <lownwaril and forward in the direction of the edge, so 
that the seratclHs it makes shall keep (he poinis set in the; same direc- 
tion as wiiH given rliem by grinding. liy following these simple sug- 
gestions a scythe may be made to hold its edge twice as long as when 
the rille or whetstone is drawn ;iloiig the edge almost at random. A few 
strokes carefully taken will niiible the workman to keep the proper 
dinction and whet rapidly. 

yt Simple Moile „f Shinpeninff KiJije 7V;o?.s-.— Place the cut- 
ling pait of the tool in water conlainiiig one-twentieth of its weight of 
sulphuric or muriatic acid : after allowing it to remain there for half an 


wipe it gcutly ^ith a piece of soft rag. and in a few hours set it on au 
ordinary strop. Tlie eflfect of the acid is to supply the place of the oil- 
stone, but uniformly corroding the entire surtixce, so that nothing but a 
good polish is afterward needed. 

Care of the Gi'lndsfone.—A gritfdstone should not be exposed to 
the weather, as it is not only injuiious to the woodwork, but the sun's 
rays harden the stone so much as in time to render it useless. Neither 
should the stone be allowed to stand in the water in which it runs, as the 
part remaining in the water softens so much that it wears unequally, and 
rhis is a common cause of grindstones becoming " out of tune." 

Farm Bookkeepinrj.—^oWxmg conduces more powerfidly to the 
protitable a id satsfactory results of any business or undertaking than a 
regular and systematic jegistration of every pn-ceeding, from the exami- 
nation of which a (dear and accurate knowledge can at any time be de- 
rivetl of the state and progress ot the whole business. Farming Is com- 
posed of three very cliief ingredients— labor, money and stock, live and 
dead. Each of thee elements requires a distinct attention, and also the 
branches into which the connections are dive ged ; each separate detail 
implies a statement of its business and a review rendered of the success 
or defalcation. Expenses of every kind must be exhibited in the weekly 
and yearly arrangements ; outlays in money must be singly exposed, and 
labor b}^ itself, so that the several items, being individually set to view, 
are joined into a yearly aggregate. Grain crops must be seen in the 
quantity and value, the disposal by sale and by domestic use. The ani- 
mals that are kept for work demand a view of the number and trans- 
actions among the sales nnd casualities, so that any protit or loss in that 
department is seen by a single reference. The fattened animals are 
singly kept in view, in order to show the income derived from each kind 
of feasts that are reared. Sales must be registered, and an account will 
show the debts outstanding at any perio.l of time. All minor occur- 
rences are noted in a memorandum page and transferred to the standing 
place when the nature of the affair reqiiires the position. 

The books needed by a fiirmer are a diary, a day-book, and a ledger. 
Another book will be convenient if an account is kept with each crop, 
and with separate tields, but this method can hardly be recommended 
for ordinary use. In the diary a record of each day's work and the 
weather should be kept. Business transactions of all kind should bs 
noted immediately. In regard to debiting and crediting Mr. Waring 
gives the following rule : "When you let your neighbor or he with 
whom you deal have anything from you, it is a charge against him, and 
you must charije him with it on the debit side of the account ; but wheur 
ever you receive anything from him it is a credit, and you must credit 
him with it on th^ credit side of the account.' There are several books 


prepared expressly for farm bookkeeping, and it is well that every farmer 
should have one, for they will save much work by their conveuient 
manner of arrangement. But, at any rate, every farmer should keep a 
set of books. The cost of the books is but a trifle, and but little time is 

needed to keep them. 

The Common Ailments of the Horse. 

This treatise has been compiled chiefly from Mayhew's excellent and 
stand work, though other authorities have been consulted. 

The causes of the various ailments arc given as well as their treatment, 
for knowledge of the causes should lead to their avoidance. The ounce 
of prevention is always better than the pound of cure. The ordinary 
owner should only, attempt to deal with the less serious ailments that 
afflict horseflesh ; when any threatening complications arise a veterinary 
surgeon should be sunmioued. No surgical operations are des- ribed in 
the pages that follow, because all such should be attempted only by per- 
sons skilled in horse-surgery, and never by persons whose qualifications 
are that they have read how an < peration should be performed. At the 
end of tlie treatise on the 'Common Ailments of the Horse" will be 
found the manner of preparing some excellent articles of diet for sick 


AdiiHnisferinffMediciiie— Medicine is generally administered to 
a horse either by making it up in the form of a ball or by giving a 
drench ; that is, giving the medicine in a liquid form, in which case a 
dn-nching-liorn is used. 

To Adininlster a lialL—'VuTu the animal round in the stall .so as 
to bring his head to the light, making the least possible fuss or noise. 
Stand on a stool on the off side ; gently put your hand in the horses 
mouth and draw the tongue a little out ; place the fingers of the left 
hand over the tongue, and keep it firmly in this position by pressure against 
the jaw— not holding the tongue by itself, as a restless horse, by sudden- 
ly drawing back or sideways while his tongue is tightly held, may 
fieiiouslv injure himself. The ball should be oiled, that it may slip 
down the throat easily. Take it between the tips of the fingers of the 
right liand, and, making the hand as small as possible, pass the ball up 
Die mouth by the roof to avoid injury of the teeth. When the ball is 
landed well upon the root of the tongue, withdraw the rigiit hand, and 
EB Boon as it is out of the mouth release the tongue, which will help the 
ball down. Have a warm drink ready to give just after the ball is take^ . 

7V> fih^r it Diwncli. — Turn the animal as in giving a ball. The 
drenchiiig-horn is best made of a cow's horn, the larger end of which is 
stopped uj). A glass bottle should never be used. Pour in .the liquid at 
the narrow end of the horn, the circular mouth of which should be an 
Inch in diameter. The operator should have an assistant ; both should 


be tall or else should stand on firm stools. The assistant should raise 
the horse's head till his mouth is above the level of his forehead, and 
keep it steadily in that position while the drench is being given. The 
operator, standing on the off side and taking the wide end of the horn in 
his right hand, can steady and assist himself by holding the upper jaw 
with his left, and leaving the tongue at liberty, he discharges the drench 
below the root of the tongue if possible The drenching-horn should 
always be cleaned after use. 

The horse's pulse is easily found by placing the two forefingers under 
the middle of the horse's jowl or cheek-bone. A horse's pulse when in 
good condition beats from about thirty-two to thirty-eight pulsations 
per minute. The smaller the horse the faster is his pulse. 

Hog Spavin.— This, caused by brutality of some kind — by abuse of 
the whip, spur, or bit, which causes repeated shocks to the limb. It re- 
sembles wind-galls, though situated in a different locality, and is also 
liable to the same changes. It is evidenced by a puffy swelling at the 
front and at the upper part of the hock. Rest and a little sweating 
blister or pressure maintained by means of an India-rubber bandage are 
perhaps the best tieatment. 

Hots. — A horse is liable to be troubled with the e parasites after 
having been turned out to graze in summer. These pests are the 
progeny of the gadti\', wliich hovers around horses while out at grass in 
summer and alights, and deposits its eggs on the hair of the horse, especi- 
ally about the shoulders and fore legs. The horse licks off the eggs and 
swallows them, when thelarve stick to the coats of the stomach, and are 
known as hots. These ultimately release their grasp and are ejected 
naturally, but during tlie months that they remain in the stomach they 
often impair digestion and appetite and occasion much weakness. 

Whenever a horse is running at grass his skin should be scanned 
carefullj' once a day, and the eggs of these gaaflies, if found, should be 
washed off with hot water and washing soda. Occasional diarrhoea, 
capricious appetite, and loss of flesh are indications of bots, or they are 
often passed in the dung. There is no remedy for bots. In the course 
of a year the parasites will be ejected naturally. 

Broken Wind. — Broken wind is a disorder of slow growth, and may 
be caused by any abuse ; it is often the result of carelesness in feeding and 
exercise. The h'U'se is allowed lo eat too much hay or straw, or food of 
gi'eat bulk containing little nutriment, and the lungs are squeezed into 
less than the natural compass. If \he horse be suddenly exercised more 
blood must be purified, and as a consequence some of the cells give way 
and broken wind is established ; old age, prolonged work, and bad food 
are its usual generators. Its symiitoms are a short, dry, hacking cough, 
greedy appetite, insatiable thirst, and abundant flatus. The food is but 


half digested, the belly is ptiidulous, the coat ragged, and the :i.s]iecl de- 
jected. Respiration is performed by a triple effort ; inspiration is 
spasmodic and single ; expiration is labored and double. 

Prevention is easy for broken wind, but cure is impossible. The 
utmost that can be done is to relieve the distress. Water should never 
be given except at stated times, and never immediately befoie work. 
Four half-pails may be allowed per diem— one the first thing in the 
morning, another the last thing at night, and the other two at convenient 
times during the day. In every drink of water it is likewise well to 
mingle half an ounce of dilute phosporic acid or half a druehm of ililule 

sulphuric acid. 

Allow oats and beans, five feeds each day, Avith only five pounds of 
liay— two pounds in the morning when eing dressed, and the remainder 
in the rack at night. Crush the oats and beans ; thoroughly damp all 
the food before it is presented to the horse, and also scald the corn. 

Remove all bed by day, and muzzle when littered down for the night.. 
Place a lump of rock-salt at one end of the manger, and at the^ other put 
a block of chalk. 

A horse afllicted with broken wind should never be pushed hard oi' 
called upon for any extraordinary exertion, otherwise death may 
speedily ensue. 

So much for the alleviation of the disease after it has been contracted; 
may be well to give a few directions for the ounce of prevention or how 
to avoid this scourge ; (1) Never drive the horse from the shelter of the 
stable to the exposure of the field. (2) Never turn the steed which has 
thriven upon prepared food to the starvation of a "run at grass" or the 
rankness of the "straw-yard " (3) Never for the sake of cheapness buy 
damaged provender. (4) Never load a famishing stomach. (5) Be at- 
tentive that the times of watering are rigidly observed. (6) Never suffer 
the animal to ([uit the stable soon after it has drank or eaten. (7) Be ver}^ at- 
tentive to all coughs ; accustom yourself to the sound of the healthy 
horse's windpipe, that when tlie slighest change of noise indicates the 
smallest change of structure you may be prepared to recognize and to 
meet the enemy before disease has had time to fix upon the membrane. 
Cold. — A mild cold, with care, is readily alleviated. A few mashes, 
a little green food, an extra rug, and a day or two of rest will generally 
cure a mild cold. Wlicn the attack is more severe the horse is dull ; 
the coat is rough ; tlie body is of unequal temperature, hot in parts, in 
places icy cold. The membrane of the nose at first is dry and pale or 
lead-colr)red ; the facial sinuses are clogged ; the appetite has fled ; often 
tears trickle from the eyes, and a di.scliarge from the nose appears. 

Treat tH4'nt. — The horse should be comlortably and warmly housed, 
should have an ample bed, and the body should be plentifully clothed. 


A hair-bag, half a*^ long and half as wide again as the ordinary nose-bag. 
should be buckled b}- a broad strap upon tlie horse's head ; into this bag 
should bo previously inserted one gallon of yellow deal sawdust ; upon 
the sawdust, through an opening guarded with a flap on the side ot the 
big. should beemptied a kettle of boiling water, tbe superfluity of which 
may run or drain through the hair composing the bag. 

The boiling water should be renewed every twenty minutes, and tlie 
bag should be retained upon the head for an hour each time. Should 
yellow deal sawdust be not obtainable, some of common deal will do, 
upon which pour an ounce of spirits of turpentine. Mix well and thor- 
oughly before applying tlie i'ag to the head. If tiie horse is weak p.nd 
the weight of the bag taxes his strength place the bag upon a chair or 

While tlie membrane is dry use the .steaming bag .six times daily. 
When a copious stream of pus flows from the nose, its application three 
times daily will be sufficient. The food should consLst of gras.? with 
mashes, to regulate the bowels and subdue the attendant fever. Ko 
medit^ne should be given, but, the discharge being established, three 
daily feeds of crushed and scalded oats, with a few broken beans added 
to them, will do no harm Should the weakness be great a couple of 
pots of stout — one pot at night and the other at morning — will be bene- 
ficial. Good nursing, a loose box, fresh air, warmth, and not even ex- 
ereise till the disorder abates, are also to be commended. Afterward 
take to full work with caution as much debility is apt to ensue upon 
severe cold. A cold often ushers in other and more dangerous diseases. 
The original ailment should then be disregarded, and those measures 
should be taken requisite to relieve the more important affection. 

Colk. — Spasmodic colic, fret, gripes are names for the same illness. 
Spasmodic colic is caused by fast driving, change of water, change of 
food, getting wet, fatigueing journeys, aloes, or often no can be 

Symptoms. — First stage : While tiie horse is feeding he brtiomes un- and ceases to eat ; his hind foot is raised to strike the belly ; lore 
foot paws the pavement ; the nose is turned toward the flank, and an 
uttack of fret is recognized. Second stage : While the hor.<-e is being 
watched every indication of disturbance may disappear. His coun'en- 
ance grows tranc[uil, and the nose is again inserted in the manger ; bit 
in a few minutes the pangs are renewed. The animal has thus alternate 
fits of pain and then ease, but the intervals of freedom from pain grow 
shorter, while the attacks grow longer; the horse crouches, turns 
round, then becomes erect ; pawing and striking at the abdomen quick- 
ly follow ; a morbia fire lights up his eyes. Third stage: If no relief is 
afforded, the pains go on lengthening, while the intervals of tranquilit}- 
become shorter ; action becomes more wild ; often one foot stamps on 


the oTound : the animal does not feed, but stares at the abdomen ; at 
length without warninii;, he leaps up and falls violently on the floor ; 
veems relieved; rolls about till one leg rests against the wall; should 
no assistance be now^ afforded the worst consequei ces may ensue. 

7rm<?nc?i<.— Place, if possible, in a loose box, guarded by trusses of 
straw ranged against the walls. Give one ounce each of sulphuric ether 
and of laudanum in a pint of cold water, and repeat the dose every ten 
minutes if the symptoms do not abate. If no improvement be observed 
double the active agents, and at the periods stated perseverL- with the 
medicine, A pint of turpentine, dissolved in a quart of ^olution of soap 
as an enema, has done good. If after this the horse's condition does 
not improve, dilute some strong liquor ammonia with six times its bulk 
of water, and, saturating a cloth with the fluid, hold it by means of a 
norsc-rug close to the abdomen. It is a blister, but its action must be 
watched or it may dissolve the skin. If, after all, the symptoms continue 
there must be more than simple colic to contend with, and a veterinary 
surgeon had better be summoned. ^ 

Flauleni or Windy Colic sometimes arises from gorging on green foo^, 
but the more common cause is impaired digestion consequent upon 
severe labor and old age. It is evidenced by uneasiness after feeding, 
hanging of the head, laborious breathing; the belly begins to swell and 
the animal paws, but mon^ slowly and inertly than in spasmodic colic ; 
the eye is sleepy, and wind passes frequently from the '>ody. When 
sucli a case occurs a veterinary surgeon should be sent for at once ; 
meanwhile a ball composed of two drachms of sulphuret of auunonia, 
with a ^ufliciency of extract of gentian and powd'^red quassia, may be 
admin'stered, and be repeated for two consecutive h df hours should 
the surgeon no: yet have appi^ared. 

Corns.- Corns generally result from imperfect shoeing. The shoe i 
fither too tight or il is nsiiled too near the heel. The sole should be 
kept well pared and dressed with tar. Should the corns suppurate, hot 
linseed poultice should lie appli(,'d, and the horse be allowed to rest. 
Corns must often be treated with tlie knife. 

Cracked Iketf<.— This allection is generally caused by cutting the hair 
from the heels or by wet, iiiiid, neglect of cleanliness, or sometimos by 
too little work and over-feed : it is g-nerally peculiar to the cold and 
wet months of the year. Tiie animal should rest, at all events until the 
pints are improved. The heels should be washed with tepid water and 
mild soap, and thoroughly dried ; tiien the following wash should be 
applied : 

Animal glycerine i pint 

Cliloride of /.inc '2 drachms. 

Htrong solution of oak bark 1 i)int. 

Dissolve the xinc in water, then mix, and use thrice daily. 


If sloughing and ulceration have set in, the animal should be allowed 
complete rest, and not be taken out even for exercise until the ulcera- 
tion is arrested. A few bran mashes or a little cut grass should be 
given to open the bowels, and the following should be applied to the 
he -Is ; 

Aiiimalglycerin or phosphonc acid 2 ounces. 

Permanganate of potash or creasote i ounce. 

Water 2 ounces. 

]\Iix, and apply six times daily. 

When the ulceration is arrested the first recipe should be again re- 
sorted to, and the latter one discarded. A drink each night of the fol- 
lowing mixture should be given : 

Liquor arsenicalis ^ ounce. 

Tincture ot the muriate of iron 1 ounce. 

Water | pint. 

This acts directly upon the skin, and is an excellent tonic for the general 


In all affections whatever of the legs, where the skin is broken, the 
ground on which the horse stands must be kept free from his evacua- 
tions and as dry and warm as possible. 

Crib-Biting. — This habit, which one horse seems often to acquire 
from another, is often occasioned by bad ventilation, by indigestion, and 
sometimes by sameness of food. To cure it, the ventilation ot the stable 
should be the first thing attended to. Place a lump of rock-salt in the 
manger ; if that is not successful, add a lump of chalk If these means 
are unavailing, alwnys dampen the food, and at time of feeding sprinkle 
magnesia u]ion it. and mingle a hamlful of ground oak-bark with each 
feed of corn. Sometimes the habit may be broken by placing a piece of 
sheep-skin over the manger and sprinkling it with pepper. 

Curb. — Curb consists of an enlargement, or gradual bulging out, of 
the posterior of the hock ; it is accompanied by heat and pain, and often 
by lameness. It is caused by galloping on uneven ground, wrenching 
the limb, prancing, etc. It is a great mistake to blister the horse as soon 
as a curb appears, which is often done, but results always in harm. Tha 
horse should have a high-heeled shoe put upon him at once. The part 
should then be kept constantly wet with cold water to lower the in- 
flammation. A cloth doubled two or three times is easily kept upon the 
hock by means of an Indian-rubber bandage. This cloth is to be kept 
cool and wet. The animal 'should be kept quiet under this treatment 
until the heat and swelling are diminished and the leg is almost sound ; 
then a blister should be rubbed all over the joint. 

Coufjh. — Cough is a symptom of many and very diverse forms of 
disease. It may arise from a trivial cause, or it may be the attendant of 
some of the worst forms of disease that horseflesh is heir to. Broken wind 


roaring, chronic diseases of the stomach, bowels, ami lungs, etc., are all 
attendetl by cough, which is more frequently present as a symptom thars 
a disease. Cougli as a distinct alTection is fre(juenlly caus*'(l by un- 
healthy lodging : hot stables, coarse and dusty provender, rank bedding, 
and irregular work are its general provocatives 

To cure a chronic cough care must be taken, in tiit- tirst i>)ace, that 
the stable air is pure. The human nose is a good test of atmosphere ; 
the stable should not smell of horses nor of any taint whatever. If the 
veutilaiion is good, the drainage clear, and the bedding clean, thu interi- 
or ot the stable will be odorless. Indeed the stable should always be in 
this condition be the sick or well. The oats given to a horse with 
chronic cougli should be .scalded and crushed, the bay should be damp- 
ened, and thin gruel or lin.seed tea should be given for drink. The horse 
should be clothed warmly, and given a half a pint of the following mix- 
ture in a tumbler of cold water three times dailj' : 

Extract of belladonna, rubbed down in a pint of water I drab'. 

Tincture of squills 10 ounces. 

Tincture of ipecacuanha 8 ounces. 

Mix tlie abo'-e. 

If no beneficial change be witnessed, try the subjoineil : 

Barbadoes tar or common tar if none other be at hand i oimce. 

(.'alomel 5 grains. 

Linseed meal A sutticiency. 

Mix, and give as one ball night and morning. 

Should no improvement result, the next may be substituted ; 

Powdered aloes 1 drachm. 

Balsam of copaiba ;5 drachms. 

l>it<ti'm}U'i' (Strangles). — This form of sore tliroat is characterized 
by swelling between the bones of the lower jaw, which terminates in 
an abscess. 

Cauxe. — A specific poison in the blood, which but few lior.-cs escape. 

1 refitment. — The opinions of dllTerent veterinarians vary in regard to 
the treatment, some recommending poultices, while others forbid it, 
etc., but the following i)lan is undoubtedly as good one as any : 

Give gras< or soft feed, and proe\ire a good powder. If thought best 
'to do anything to hasten the suj)i)nration, apply warm jioiiltices, or 
some like blistering. The appetite will return when tlie abscess breaks 
or is opened. 

J-]piz<ntti4'. — This di.sease attacks many animals at the same time, and 
originates in one common cause; but just what this cause may be, it is 
very difllcult to ascertain ; yet it is evident that ii is from a mia.smatic 
influence, which has a tendency to spread rapidly over the country. 

Symptoum. — The attack is abrupt. There is debility, stupor, eyes 
half-closed, disinclination to move, cracking joints, aeticieut appetite. 


mouth hot constipation, urine liigh-cf)loied and scanty, pulse weak and 
a little faster than normal, deep, painful cough, trembling at times, hair 
rough, limbs :md ears are alternately hot and cold. 

Soon there is a discharge from the nose of white, yellowish, or green 
ish matter, and the liorse niav recovei', T)r complications may arise which 
are liable to cause death. 

Treatment. — Give the horse a good comfortable place, with good care, 
and a good warm blanket. Give bran mashes and other proper nourish 
ment, and then give some g<»od powders, and continue their use freely 
until the horse i^ fully convalescent. 

Cautian. — Do not leave liorses sick with this disease without auy 
extra care, or without proper medical treatment, for two reasons: first, 
it is cruel and irdunuan ; and second, it is not profitable; for the 
which arc left to themselves are very liable to have some complications 
arise which will either cause death or leave the horse in bad condition, 
from which he may not recover for a long time, and perhap-^ never. 

IHarrhii'd — Diairha'a is evidenced by the frequent passage 'of watery 
stools. Itds caused by acrid matter in the intestines, over-succulent 
food, too much water, clirmge of dry to succulent food, wor.dug in the 
hot sun. mental excitement as seen at the covertsidr-, an overdraught of 
cold water whilst h<;Mled. 

JrejUinent. — As tlir bowel movements are very active during waking 
hours, and still more sd during exertion, whilst during rest, and especial 
ly during sleep, their movenients are least, care should be taken to keep 
the hors ■ (piiet and in as drowsy a state as possible. All coarse succu- 
lent food, such as the grren food of summer, should be avoided, and 
small (piantities of good sound hay, well-made grnel, saiallmalt mashes 
mixed with a handl'ul of oats only, should be fed to the horse. • The 
following is an excellent remedy fur diarih(ea: 

Haw lin.seed oil ]<) omices. 

Oil ot turpentine 2 ounces. 

Tincture of opium (laudanum) 1 ounce 

Shake well together and give as a draught. 

Some horses are subject to repeated attacks of diarrhu3a. In them 
the bowels are 'ver-sensative, and they are extremely dificult to keep in 
condition. Dieting is the only thing for tliem. 

Founder (Laminitis): — This disease is intlanunation of the sensitive 
lamina' of the fooi. of wiiich there are two kinds, acute and chronic, the 
latter U^iiig a continuation of the former. The acute form is invariably 
cured, if properly treated, but the chronic f<^rm is generally considered 
incurable; it can be relieved very much, but the feet are always after- 
wards sore and tender in front. 

Cause. — Allowing to drink cold water, when overheated and tired 


Irom overwork, standing in the cold air (or where the wind will strike 
the horse) while warm, driving through a stream of water while warm, 
long and hard drives ovei' dry roads, etc. 

Symptomtt. — The horse will stand upon his heels, with fore feet and 
legs stretched out as far as he can get them, so as to throw the weight 
off as much as jiossible; and he can scarcely be made to move. The 
horse has fever and considerable constitutional disturbance, in the acute 
form of the disease. 

Trmiment {of a^ntU founder). — Give the horse a good bedding of straw, 
in a large, well-ventilated stall, so as to encourge him to lie down, 
wliich, by removing the weight from the inflamed parts, will relieve his 
suflferings very much, and assist in hastening the cure. As soon as his 
bed is fixed, give him twenty drops of the tincture of aconite root in a 
half-pint of cold water, poured into his mouth with a bottle, haVing a 
strong neck and repeat this dose every four hours until six or eight 
do'^es have been given. Also apply a cloth wet in ice water to the feel, 
and keep wet with the same for several hours, until the severe pain has 
been relieved. Wet the cloths often, and continue for two or three 
days, or longer if necessary. Give plenty of cold water to drink. The 
above tr<Mtment siiould be adopted as soon as possible after the horse 
has been attacked with founder. Let the horse have rest until he has 
fully recovered. Give grass or mashes for two or three days, and then 
give a good and fair amount of feed. 

fr/rtm/^j'.x.— This disease is usually occasioned by vitiated aii'— thai 
is, by bad stabling— stimulating food, and excessive work operating 
ujion the young horse. Youth and high feeding, together with excessive 
labor and damp lodging, will certainly ]jroduce glanders. Age, slarva- 
lion, and ceaseless toil generally induce farcy. The glanders and the 
farcy are however, oiif .inii the same disease, modified >)y the cause 
wliich originates tlieiii. Ol.-uidt'rs is the more vigorous form of the 
disorder; farcy is liie slow type, fastening ujum general di^bility. 
Glanders is highly infectious and may be conunuuicaled hen-ditarily. 

When glanders exist a staring coat generally shows the skin U) b« 
affected; the a])petite is l)ad and the pulse is quickened. A mash or twoi 
however, seems to set things all right, and the matter is forgotten. 
Soon afterward a slight discharge may issue from one nostril, but it is 
8o very slight that it excites no ah'rm. One of the lymphatic glands on 
the same side as the moist nostril alters in character. It may remain 
loose and become morbidly sensitive. Usually, however, it grows 
adherent to the jaw, turns hard, iiih! from J)fing wholly imperceptible 
in the healthy aniniiil tidarges to about the size of half a chestnut. At 
Ji later inriod the discharge, retaining its clear appearance, bocomes 
in'»rf con8i>»tont, and to a slight degree the hain* and pai-t$ over whisU it. 


flows are fcucrusted. It subsequently adheres to the margiu of the 
nostril, and then in the tnuisparenl aJbuminous fluid may be seen 
opaque threads of white mucus. This marks the second stage. The 
next change takes place more rapidly. The transparent fluid en- 
tirely disappears, and in its place is seen a full stream of un- 
wholesome pus. At this time there is some danger of glanders 
being mistaken for nasal gleet. A little attention will enable a 
person, Ixovvever, to distinguish these diseases. The smell of glanders is 
peculiar. It is less pungent, but more unwholesome, suggesting a more 
deep .seated source, than chaiacterizes the disease with which it has 
b<!en confounded. The ejection of glanders mucus is obviously impure, 
whereas that of nasal gleet generally flows forth in a fetid stream of 
thick and creamy matter. 

When the third stage is witnessed the disc .se is rapidly hurrying to 
its termination. The membrane of the nose changes to a dull leaden 
color. The margins of the nostrils become dropsical, and every breath 
is drawn with difficulty. The defluxion exhibits discoloration. Scabs, 
masses of bone or pieces of membrane mingled with patches of blood 
next inake their appearance, and the internal parts are evidently broken 
up t<y the violence of the disorder. 

When a horse is suspected of being affected with glanders he should 
be examined in the following manner : The animal's head should be 
turned toward the strongest light obtainable ; if toward the blaze of the 
noonday suu, so much the better. The examiner should then place hhn- 
self by the side of the creature's head not in front, but in a situation 
where, though the animal should snort, he is in no danger of the ejected 
matter falling upon him. With one hand the upper and outer rim of 
tile nostril .-should be raised ; when grasping this part between the finger 
and thumb no fear need be entertained. The case would be something 
more than suspicious were any risk of contamination incurred. The 
wing of the nostiil being raised, the examiner must note the appearances 
exposed; this he will best do by knowin^ where to look and what to 
expect. His eye has nothing to do with the skin nor with the marks 
that appear upon it The opening of the lachrymal duct often chal- 
lenges observation by being well defined and particularly conspicuous; 
but that natural development does not concern him ; to that no atten- 
tion must be given. The attention must be concentrated upon the 
membrane more internally situated than the skin seen at the commence- 
ment of the nostrils. The skin, moreover, suddenly ceases, and is 
obviously defined by a well-marked margin ; there is, therefore, no difii- 
culty in distinguishing the membrane by its fleshy and moistened aspect, 
afi well as by its situation. It on this membrane any irregular or ragged 
patches are qeaspicuoun, if these patches are darker toward their edges 


t.liaii in llicir fcnlrcs, and if Uk^v ncvcrlheless seem sliallow, pallid 
moist, and sore, llic animal miiy hv rejected as glandered. Sliould any 
part ot the membrane, after being wiped witii a piece of tow or anytliing 
soft wrapped round a small stick, seem rough nr have evidently beneath 
its surface certain round or oval-shaped bodies, the horse is assuredly 
glandered. The membrane; maV present a worm-eaten appearance or be 
siniplv of a discolored and heavy hue. In the tirst case the animal 
ought lo be eondenuled; in the second it is open to more than suspicion. 
No animal should be permitted to perish slowly of glanders. The 
di.sease as it proceeds all'ects the fauces, pharynx, and Iwrnyx ; all be- 
come ulcerated; the obstruction olfercd to breathing grows more and 
more painful. P^arcy breaks foi'th, and as a consecpieuce superiieiai 
dropsy is aihled to the other torments. The edges of the nostrils en- 
large, tlie merabrant! lining the cavities bags out, while the lances and 
larnyx contract ; the dischaige becomes more copious, and the breathing 
is impeded. Ulti alely hd)orious breathing induces congestion f>f the 
brain, and the animal dies of suffocation. 

Theie is no cure foi glandi'rs. The disease has been described at 
some length only thai it maybe known and distinguished; so that a 
person about to | mi chase a Iiorse maj^ avoid buying one which shows 
evidi-nce of this terrible disease ; and also that when an owner once fully 
recognizes the ili.sease in his horse, he may kill it at once. Glanders may 
be comnuuiicated to human beings, so that besides the cruelty of allow- 
ing an ainmal to slowly die in fearfid torture it is absolutely unsafe lo 
have a glenilered about. 

irnle-liotiml. — Neglect, hard living, exposure to cold and wet are 
the usual of thi^ (list ii-ss. Ld)eral food, clean lodging, soft bed, 
heahhy exercise, ami g('t)d grouming are iiecc.>,saj.> for the cuie of hide- 
bound. 'I'vvici- a day (he following mixture may be given : 

Ijiquor arsenicalis , | ounce. 

• Tincture oMlu' muriate of iron I ounce. 

Water 1 pint. 

Mix and i;ive as a dose. 

lAiiuem'ss r.ameness shows it.sclf in unevt uness of gait and in 
unusual altitudes while standing. It a»-ise,<? from structural change, 
often accompanied by inllammalion, in the hard and soft tissues. In 
examining horses as to lameni'ss, it is well to bear in ndnd that gener- 
ally horses laim- in front are lame in the feel , and that hind lameness 
lias its seal in I In; hock. 

(loncerning the cure of lameness little ca^ be said. '!'he causes are 
vaiious, as are liu', diHerent remedies. In any serious (^ase of lameness 
a veterinary smgeon should be consulted. One thing may be advised 
and that is to have the shoe taken olf and the foot searched. Do nol 


mind llie lun ii hcinu |iarcil away, a^ a horse may go S'luiid upon a very 
small poitioii of lK>in. If I he scat of ihe injury is ascertained, always 
soak tlie f()f>t in waim water before perniittinsj the final use of the knife. 
Tlie water should i)e al 70 deg. Fahr. when the foot is immer-ed, and 
tlien gradually raised to 1)0 (leg., at which temperature it should be 
mninlained. Tiie water clean-es the part, favors the discharge of pus, 
lessens the inflanunjilory action, softens the anguish, and destroj'S the 
harsh character of the dry horn, Aviiich cuts much more easily when 
newly released from the bath. 

Lnrvm in the Skin. — Larvfp in the skin, like the bots, are caught 
v\hile out at grass. Tiie flies lay their eggs in the horse's hair ; these 
are hatched, and the larva enters the skin. The next summer an ab- 
sciss appears, in the centre of which is the insect. The best treatment 
is to open the abscess with a lancet, and then with finger and thumb 
applied on either side of the swelling squeeze out the larva. The 
aliscess lapidly disappears, and to close tlie wound it only requires a 
few dabbings with a lotion made of chloride of zinc, one grain; water, 
ne ou ce. 

Lice, fleas, and ticks may i)e got rid of by sponging the animal night 
and morning witii a lotion composed of one part of carbolic acid to 
twenty o! w ter. Care should be taken to wash all clothing worn 
duiing the affection, and then bake it Tu an oven heated to at least 
\~)0 deg. Fahr. Harness, brushe-s, etc., and everything that has come 
in contact with the si^in, should be waslied with a vermicide. Hen- 
roosts, pigeon-houses-, etc., should not be allowed in the immediate 
vicinity of the stable, as fretiuently the lice which infest the stable come 
from the chicken-liouse. After treating a horse affected with lice look 
for other diseases, as hidebound, mange, etc. 

jl/cmr/t'.— InsutFicieut food, bad lodging, no grooming, and often 
turning out to grass are the causes of mange. This disease is highly 
contagious, and is due to small insects burrowing beneath the scurf 
ski I It is evidenced by scurf about the hairs of the mane ; thv hair 
falls off ill patches; soros and crusts appear; and the horse rubs his 
body against posts, etc. The principles of treatment consist in remov- 
ing the sciuf skill, oi- as much of it as possible, and then applying a 
ftressing wiiich will kill the insects. The horse, if the weather permits, 
should be placed in the sun for an iiour, or in some warai unoccupied 
place if the weather is cold, and its coat should then be thoroughly 
whisked to remove scurf and incrustations; after this the following 
ointment should be rulibeu all over the skin from the tip of the nose to 
the point of the tail . 

Animal glycerin 4 parts. 

(Jreasote ^ part. 

Oil of turpeutuie 1 part. 


oil ol'jiiniper i pari. 

Mix all lo.u:ethcr. and shake well before using. 

About one and a half pints ol this mixture is the general quantity 
employed for o. e application. Leave the mixture on for two full days, 
and then vva-li whh soft soap and warm water. Afterward employ the 
whisk as direeicd before, and repeat the anointini>- and washing as 
di reeled. 

Anything which has come in contact with a mangy horse must be 
cleansed before it is applied to any other horse or to the same horse 
after he is cured. Heat, of an oven raised to l^^^) deg. is the best means 
lor killiuLi the parasites. Such things as cannot be ))laced in this heat 
should l)i' well washed with carbolic soap or with carbolic acid ai.d 
water (one part in one hundred), and exposed in the air for a weeli. 

Poll Kvll. — Poll evil is a disease mi>8t common among agricultural 
horses. It consists of a deep abocess situated uij,on the upper part i,f 
the neck, at its junction with the head ; this abscess ends in an ulcerous 
sore which has numerous sinuses. The cause of p«)ll evil is external 
injury of some sort, as blows upon the poll while going imder a 1 w 
dooi-\vay, and also blows from heavj 'whip-shafls often administered by 
brutal and careless drivers, or chafing of collars, especially during an 
irritable ctmdition of the skin. 

'IMie animal gives evidence of this disease by carrying his head very 
.steadily and poking his nose wut. The eidargement, heat, and tender- 
ness on i)ressure ai«; obvious when the abscess is ripening. The an- 
guish attendant upon the earlier stages of this disease is evidenced by 
the length of lime the horse takes to empty his manger. When forced 
to bend his head toward the manger, he generally hangs back to the 
length of the halter. .Vt this stage nothing is^ apparent, and the collar 
is often forced ov(m- the iK^arl regardless of the struggles of the diseased 
animal: the most caritfiil inspection often fails to detect an indication 
of probable enlargennuit. Pressure or enforced molitm of the head ex- 
cites resistHnce. In .some cases the enlargement becomes prominent in a 
few weeks; in utlicrs it is never well developed: the latter cases are 
most dillienlt to treat, foi' in them the disorder is most deeply ^ealevi. 

In cxaininiug for susjtccled poll evil place the fingers lightly on the 
part, and let them remain there milil the fear excited by a touch upon a 
lender place has subsided. Then, and not till then, gradually introduce 
presstire. The more superlicial the injury the more spe(Hly will be the 
r<!H|ii)iise. In any case, little good can be accomplished by mild applica- 
tions of lomentatious oi- poultices. The seat of the supposed hurt 
shoidd be lightly ijainted with spirituous or acetous tincture of cantha- 
iider>; this should be done daily until copious irritation is produced, and 
before that dies away repeat the dressing. The soreness should be kept 


up, but no more. The tincture should not he applied upon active vesi- 
cation, otherwi'^e a foul sore maj' result. The poll should be made 
painful merel.y. The liead should be kept perfectly quiet. 

As soon as the swelliiiii- appears, watch it attentively, and wlien some 
particular spot points or is softer or more piominent than the surround- 
ing substance, call in the aid of a surgeon, for the knife uuist be used, 
and used skilfully. After tlie operation rub the sides of the wound with 
lunar caustic. The sore should be thoroughly moistened with solution 
of chloride of zinc, one grain to an ounce of water, and a rag dipped in 
a solution of tar should be placed over the wound. After recovery & 
collar should not be used ; a breast-strap is far preferable. 

Prick of the Foot. — When shoeing horses a blacksmith will often 
drive a nail efther loo near the quick or actually into it, or a nail </ 
some sharp-pointed body may pierce the foot while the horse is travel- 
ing. When this is suspected from the horse showing lameness, the foot 
sliould be squeezed between pincers : then the nails from the shoe 
should be drawn one by one, and examined carefully as each is removed. 
If one ap]jears moist or wet. the hole of that nail should be freely 
opened. Let the shoe be replaced, leaving that nail out. Pnt a little 
tow covered with tar ovei- the wound, and shoe with leather. If lame- 
ness i-; still present, a v(-trrinary svu'geon had better be consulted. 

Jthu/b'Hie. — Ringbone somewhat resembles splin' and spavin : these 
latter, however, generally occur in horses of speed, while the former is 
almost contined to the cart-horse. It is cau.sed by the violent efforts the 
animal makes in dragging a heavy load up ;i steep hill. It is evidenced 
bv roughness of haii on the pastern and a bulging forth of the hoof; a 
"want of power lo Hex the pa.slein ; an innbility to bring the sole to the 
g)-onnil upon any but an even surface ; and general loss of power. 

When a horse shows ringbone seek to allay the pain. Apply poultices 
U])on which one drachm of powdered opium and one of camphor has 
been .sprinkled. Ruli the disea.sed part with (?qual parts ol oil of cam- 
phor and of chlordorni. When tlie psdn has ceased, aj>ply with friction 
to the seat of the enlargement and aiound it »<ome of the following oint- 
ment night and moniing : 

Iodide of lead 1 ounce. 

Lard 8 ounces. Mix. 

Continue treatment for a forinigiit after all active s3'mptoms liave 
disappeared, and allow liberal Ibod and rest. When work is resumed 
let it be gentle at. first, and be very careful how the horse goes to liis fidl 

Rheii tnut imn. — Exposur to colil ;uid damp are cause- of the acut* 
form of rheumatism, though frequently it follows in the traiii of more 
•erioiis disorders. Tlie clironic form is ofien a sequel of the acute, but 


more often it is a separalo constitution;! 1 aUccliou very coiiunon in old 


When attacked by;tl»e acute form the aniniul moves vciy reluctantly ; 
the joints swell and cause painful lameness -. tVver is ]uesent, and the 
animal's skin becomes bat hid in iiersphiUion. Often llie disease flics 
about, the inflammation attacking now some joints and the i others. 

Irentrmni. — Give two ounces of tincture of opiinn (laudanum) in 
water: then give a'draclan of salicylate of soda evtry two hours, care- 
fully watching tlie tem])eratuie, wliich il brings down in a marvellous 
manner. Should the temperature tall decidedly, the remedy must lie 
omitted, but the moment t Ik; tepiperalure attempts to rise the remedy 
must be resumed as ind'oic. Warm woolen rags and bandages nuist he 
kept on, loosely applic'd all cold air scrupulously avoided, so as to 
encourage the iierspiration. Withotit removing the rau^ si)oniie over 
with a little hot water every six hours. The swollen, painful j(jni's can 
be greatly relieved by applying the following without pressure: 

Po.vdered mustard i to bj oune.-s. 

Warm water A sufficieiu'v. 

Mix into a thin paste :ind rub tlie whole ([iiickly into ilie skin over the 
pail atfecled. 

<Jr the lollowiiig linimciil may be :ti)plied ; 

Comiiouiid soa|) liniment, 16 ounces. 

Liquor ol annnonia, 3 "' ■ 

Tincture of cantliaiides, 2 " 

Tincture of opium, 2 

'I lie rliei should be of a lliiid. laxative kinrj. such as bran niasiu's. g'uel, 
and liay K'a, with a little juice of tresli le i on s(pi(;e/,etl into each. When 
tJie liiennometer shows the fever to ha\ e ilepaited, the diet slio\ild be 
impr ived in the most cairlul manniT possilde. 

('omplie;itions. such as pneumonia, etc., may arise, in wliieh case a 
veterinary surgeon should he called in. 

Chronie rheumatis all'ects the joints, and is not attended by fever » 
the joint alTected is thicker and stiller us cousecjuence. Such f' rms of 
clironic rheuiiialism of short duration, siicli as lumb.igo, still neck, etc., 
require a few days rest, a laxative, and warm clothing for treatment. 

Sr.iitd Minifh. — It souielimes happens that the hwi-se's mouth is 
scalded l»y carelessn ss in giving scmie powerful medicine which has not 
been properly diluted. Scald mouth is evinced by dribbling of saliva 
and constant motion and r«'peuted smacking of the horse's lips. In such 
cases soft food should be given, !ind the following w;ish should be used : 
Morax, 5 ounces. 

Honey or treacle, 2 pints. 

Hoiliiig water, 1 gallon. Mix. 

When this mixture has cooled, hold up ili<- liorses's head and pour half a 


pim 'into fhe inrmth. .-H;i]f a minute nfterw ird allow thehead to falland 
the fluid to hih outot the lips. This mixture should be used several 
tunes dtiririg the day.j 

iVt#/a.sf.— Sit fasts- reseutble somewhat a corn upon the liuman foot, 
but the hard bare patch is surrounried by a circle of ulceration. They 
apiiear u^xm satldle-horses, and are caused by a badly fittino; saddle, by 
careless arid too. energetic riding, loose girths. » or often by the saddle- 
cloth when carelessly put on so as. to become thrown into .folds when 
the horse is mounted.. These, althousrh they may appeal- trifling, always 
require treatment, ; for which time be taken, during which the 
horse should not be- ridden. 

Liquor arsenicalis, + ounce. 

Tincture of muriate of iron, f ounce. 

Water, "t pint. Mix. 

Sore Thrrtaf.^-Sore throat is frequently a sign of some graver dis- 
ordef, and so should be very cautiously treated as a. local malady. Its 
syWptoms area perpetual flow of saliva, want of appetite, inability to 
swA'llow liquids,; the- fluid returning partly by the nostrils, and each 
gulp being accompanied with an audible effort. • 

A'hor.'^e'So.suil'ering should be. given complete rest and, if there is 
.siich athing in the stable, be i)laced in a loose box. He should be 
clothed waimly, fed upon green food for a couple of days, and always 
have prefcnt a pail of thick, well-made gruel, which should be regularly 
changed til ree times, daily. Three feeds of bruised and scalded oats, 
with a handful of beans, should be given every day. If the bowels 
prove o' stinate, and after the second day remain constipated, the fol- 
lowing drink should be given : 

S'^lution of aloes 4 ounces, 

. Essence of anise-seed, jounce. 

Water, ' 1 pint. 

Should the throat not arniend, dissolve half an ounce of extract of bella- 
donna in a gallon of water ; holdup the animal's head and pour half a 
pint of the liquid into the mouth, and in thirty seconds let the head 
dpwn.^ Repeat this from six to eiglit time? during the day. 

If , instead of appearing t'6 heal; the s^ore throat seems inclined to 
spread, US'3 at once th(? following preparation ; half a pint of perman- 
ganate of jSotash in a gallon of distilli-d water, and in the manner di- 
rected for the V)elladonna liquid ; or use the following in the same man- 
ner : 

Chloride of zinc, 3 drachms. 

Extract of belladonna, i ounce. 

Tincture ofcap.sicum, 2 drachms. 

Water, l|galloii. Mix. 


Should the disease not yield, but remain stationarr, give a quart of 
brewers' stout morning and evening. If no chanjj^e takes place in t«"n 
days, a veterinary surgeon had better be called in. 

Spnvin. — Spavin is evidenced by any bony enlargement upon the 
lower and inner side of the ho<k. The leg cannot be flexed and the 
hoof is hindered from being fumed outward The horse leave's the 
stable limping, but returns socmingly improved by exercise. Tlie ff>< t 
is dragged along the ground instead of lifted, which causes the front of 
the shoe to be worn to a state of positive shai-pness and the toe of the 
hoof to be rendered blunt. When the bony enlargement is located high 
upon thejoint it is generally incurable. 

Good food and rest aie the best treatment for spavirt; there arc vari- 
ous crufd treatments, such as firing, punching, etc., but their cfflciicy is 
qtiestioned. While inflammation exists, apply poultices and rub the 
part with a mi.xture of belladonna and opium one ounce of each 
rubbed down with an ounce of water ; or place opium and camphor oti 
the poultices ; or rub tie enlargement with equal parts of chlorof<''rm 
and camphorated oil. The pain and heat having suicided, apply wifh 
friction some of the following ointment : 

Iodide of lead, 1 ounce. 

Simple ointment, 8 ounces. Mix. 

Splint. — Splints are very commonly met witb, especially in road- 
sters and draught horses. Some splints, when they have reached their 
maturity, cause little or no inconvenience. All are p^inf-^1 •t'Cli pi'; grow- 
ing, and in that state generally cause lameness. Any swenirtjr u]')f>n tbt 
inner :ind lower part of the knee of the fore leg, or any enlal-gfemeftt 
upon the shin-bone of oither limb, may betaken as an evidence of thife 
diseaHe. On the shin they are to be dreaded, as they interfere with the 
movements of the tendons. In feeling down the leg, any heat, tender 
ne-js or enlargement is proof of a splint. If, on the trot, one leg is not 
fuily flexed or the horse "dishes" or turns the leg outward, the proof is 

TliNV and liberal food are the best treatment for splint.s. V/^hen they 
arc acutely painful, a po\dtice on which one drachm of opium and one 
drachm of camphor is sprinkled will frequently afford relief. They 
may also at such time« be rtibbed with a drachm of cldoroform com- 
bined with two drachms of camphorated oil. These measuroB aim 
merely at mitigating the symptoms. Operations tor splints are dangei- 
ous remedies, though sometimes resorted to. 

When a splint interferes with a tendon, however, the only chanc'e of 
cure! is it) au Dperatiou. This requires a skillex.! hand. AtYer the opei- 
atioii the skin sliould be left open and the wound dressed with the lotion 
made of chloride of zinc one grain to water one ounce. Nothing irri- 


taliiig to the bone sLouId be employed. Splints sometimes occur on the 

outer Bide of the hiud leg ; these, huwevei', do not occasion severe Iftme- 

iiess, and are not worthy of much notice. The following ointment is 

excellent for preventing the lurtUer enlargement of a splint : 

~ Iodide of lead, 1 ounce. 

Simple ointment, y ounces. 

Mix »n(l apply with friction three times daily. 

Sprain of tfie Hack Sinews, — Sprain of the back sinews often 
occurs in driving or riding hor-ses over uneven ground or hilly roads. 
Shatl'horaes descending a steep declivity with loads behind them are 
very liable to sprain the back sinews. Slight sprains may be treated by 
bandaging the leg with linen rather tightly, and keeping the bandage 
conjiluntiy wet with cold water. The horse should be allowed to rest, 
and no attempt should be made to work oft" the complaint. The horse 
should not be put to work until more than recovered. Bad sprains are 
Tery serious affairs, and operations are often necessary. These, now- 
eyer, never fully restore the horse. 

Staggers, — Mad staggers and sleepy staggers represent different 
sympiuiute or stages of the same disease. Over-feeding is the sole cause 

giving the horse considerably more at any meal than his usual allow- 
ance, especially after much fatigue or a prolonged fast. Eating certain 
footls sucIj as ripe or tast-ripening rye-grass, is liable to bring on the 

The Hr8t symptons are the sleepy staggers. The horse becomes dull 
or sleepy ; tue head hangs downward or is pressed against some promi- 
nence ; the animal snores when sleeping ; the skin is cold and the coat 
staring. Some animals die in this state. The advent of mad staggers 
is announcetl by a raising of the lid and sudden brightening of the eye ; 
the breath becomes rapid and drawn, with a panting action. The 
wliule appearance is altered ; the evidences of approaching frenzy can 
hardly be mistaken. 

Ureatfmnt. — Allow no water. Give a quart of any oil. Si.\ hours 
afterward give another quart of oil, with twenty drops of croton oil in it, 
-should no improvement be noticed. If there is still no improvement 
within another six houis, repeat the oil with thirty drops of croton oil. 
Afler a further six hours repeat ihe dose, and administer the succeeding 
doses at the intervals before staled until the altered a.spect of the horse 
indicates that the distension has l>een relieved. Upon the slightest 
mitigation ol the symptoms stop all medicine at once. 

If the mad stage becomes fully developed no remedies can avail. 

HurfeU, — This is a sudden rash or a quantity of heat-spots bursting 
out upon the skin, which are round, blunt, and slightly elevated. If 
the pulse is not affected, the lumps may disappear in a few horns. The 


dw-^t should bf looked lu. Eiyht pounds of hay should be abstracted, 
and a couple of bundles of cut i;mf>s allowed ])iiv day. A liandful of 
sound old crushed beaui^ should he irivcii witii each teed. The foUowiug 
drink is ot service : 

Liquor arsenicals, .. 1 /ounce. 

Tincture of the nuiiiale of iron. i'^ ounc'ej^. 

^Vatcr, 1 quart. 

>Ii.\, and i^ive once daily, one point for a dose. ' " 

Should the iiorse l)e young and have been, neglected thioughout the 
winter, a surfeit sonu-tiines appears which i.s of a different ciiaracler. 
The lumps do not disappear, but an exudation escapes fioni the centre 
of each. In this case tlie coiistitulion is involved, and if not attendo<l U) 
thi' malady is apt to settle upon the lungs. Should the attack assiuue 
this appearance, the horse should not be taken from the stable even for 
e.\ercise; the bed should be kept clean and the stafjle welj ventilated. 
Feed as previously directed, and give bran mashes if the b(nyel9:3re cou- 
slii)ated, but cease to give them when the constipation is removed. 
Adnunisler the drink before recommended nigiit and, morning, but 
should the appetite .sutler reduce the quantity or withhold all medicine. 
Clothe warmly. Should the pulse suddenly sink, allow two ])ot,s if 
stout daily. If the a))petitc is poor, good gruel instead of water should 
Ije keiil constantly in the manger. The .shortest .cases of this alfecrf ion 
generally last a tbrtnight, duiing which time tl)e treatment consists in 
good nursing and in liberally supporting the body. 

Sirollrit />f:'f/.s.— Swollen legs mostly occur in heavy animals, and 
have a tendency to partial dropsy. In mild cases bandages of doth or 
flaiuiel wet with cold water afford relief. In more serious cases the 
horse should be |)laced in a large, roomy loose box, if possible, for 
nolliing more ([uickly removes this affection than easy and natural 
motion. Flay should not be fed to the auinuU for some weeks. The 
corn should be dami)ed and a handful of ground oak bark should be 
sprinkled on each U;i'i\. Atten<l partieidarly to e.xercising the horse. 
Siioulii tiie legs continue to enlarge, do not apply. the ban ages, but 
hand-rub the limb well and long. 

Th rush.— Thin di.'^ is evidenced by a thin foul-swelling discharge, 
appearing in the cleft of the frog. Thrush may be due to a local origin, 
as stai.din!/ in filih in III.' st.ible, or it may be caused by a constitutional 
afTeclion. Local tlnudi shows itself in the hind foot, and constitutional 
iu the lore lb<.i. To prev(;nl local trush keep the stable clean. Clay, 
cow dung, and other tilth cnq>lov<'d for stopping the horse's feet -will 
produce tlinish it loig continued. 

If liic affection has a local origin, place the foot in a, poultice for 
tweuty-four hours. Afterward cleanse the cleft of the frog by see-saw- 


iug :i little tow or soft band through it ; then ram a little calomel and 
tow down to the bottom ol the cleft with a sharpened piece of wood. 
t?hould this treatment not cure the trush, take ihe horse to the black- 
smith after washing the feet well with water in which is dissolved chlo- 
ride of zinc in the proportion of two scruples to the pint. When he has 
I)ared iiway the frog till only sound horn remain or the flesh is exposed, 
the shoe should be tacked on and the horse returned to a clean stall. 
Apply chluride-of-zinc lotion, three grains to an ounce of water, to the 
cleft of the Irog by means of some tow wrapped round a small piece of 
Slick. When the stench has ceased a little liquor of lead will perfect the 

When thrush is constitutional it is best to have the ragged thrush and 
unsound horn removed. Alterwai'd dress every morning with the 
chlori(le-uI-ziuc lotion. Do not attempt to stop the thrush. 

Tread. — Fatigue and overweight are the usual causes of tread. In 
ligiii horses it occurs toward the end of a long journey. The hind foot 
is not removed when the fore foot is put to the ground. The end of the 
fore sljiie cuusequently tears off" a portion of the coronet from the hind 
fool, in cart-i orses, alter the horse is fatigued, the load has to be taken 
down a sleep hill ; the animal, being in the shafts, rocks to and fro the 
legs cross, and the calk of one shoe, wounds the coronet of tfie opposite 

The sore should be bathed with chlorideof-zinc lotion, one grain to an 
ounce ui uatei. Continue to do this three times daily. Feed liberally. 
A ^]ough will take place and the animal will be well in about a month, 
the only danger being the aiter-result of a false quarter 

Oyei'i'ertc/t, which is akiu to tread, occurs only to fast horses. It 
calls tor the same treatment as tread. 

U'hul-Galls. — These are small enlargements, generally upon the 
hind legs and below the hocks. They are caused by hard labor. The 
best form of treatment is the application of pressure. Fold a piec«^ of 
soft rag several times ; saturate the rag with water and lay upon it one 
drachm each oi opium and, camj^hor. Wrap this about the enlargement. 
Upon the moistened rag place a piece of cork big enough to cover the 
Vvind-gall, and above it lace on an India-rubber bandage. This bandage 
should be constantly worn in the stable. 

Worms. — Worms infesting the horse are of four kinds : the taenia or 
tapeworm, the lumbrici, the strongylus and the ascarides. 

The tape-worm mostly affects colts, and is caused by denying the 
mare proper nourishment when with foal or by breeding from old ani- 
mals. A foal alflicted with tape- worm grows up with a large head, low 
crest and long limbs. Tlie abdomen is swollen, the appetite is raven- 
ous, the coat unhealthy and the breath fetid. The animal may rub Its 


nose against the wall or remain atraiuiiijj it upward for a cousiderable 
time ; it picks aud bites its body, often pulling out umutlifuls of hair. 

Tapeworm is best destroyed by spiiits of I urpenfiue gi veil in tlie fol- 
lowing quantities : 

A foal,' 3 drachms. 

Three ujonths old, ^ ounce. 

Si.\ mouths, 1 ounce. 

One year. 1^ ounces. 

Two years, 2 " 

Three years, 3 " 

Four years and upward, 4 " 

Procure one. pound of quassia-chips ; pour on them three quarts of 
boiling water. Strai.. the liquor. Cause the turpentine to blend, by 
meau,s of yolks of eggs, with so much of the quassia infusion as may be 
necesgary. Add one scruple ot powuered camphor to the full drink, 
and give every morning before allowing any food. This may kill the 
worms, but as every link of the tape-worm is a distinct animal of both 
sexes and capable of producing itself, the eggs must be numerous. For 
the destruction of these, nourishing prepared food is essential such as 
gruel, scalded oats, etc.; little or no hay should be given. The follow- 
ing tonic will be of seivice : 

Liquor arseaicalis, 1 to 8 drachms. 

Muriated tincture of iron, U to 13 drachms. 

Extract of belladonna, 10 grains 10 2 draciuns. 

Ale or go(xl stout, ^ pint to 1 quart. 

Mix; aud give every morning, strength being proportioned to age, till the 
eoat of the animal becomes glossy. 

Tlie lumbrici woinis prey upon weakly horses aud those enfeebled by 
age. Two drachujs of tariaiized antimony, with a sufficiency of cpm- 
mon mass, should be given as a ball every morning until the worms are 

The ».scari<ics ajul strongyli inhabit tiie large intestines. The last, ai-e 
(lifflciilt lf» eradicate, because of the extent of bowel which they infest. 
The ».scarides are always located within the rectum. It is best to begin 
Irftatment with inJt'c.tionM of train oil. Should these be followed by uo 
result by the enil of a week, give lor seven mornings a solution of cate- 
chu, one oun(ai to a (piarl of water. U]>on the eighth morning give the 
animal a bran masii, and at night administer a mild physic-ball, com- 
p/i)*<id of about fo\ir driw;limH of aloe.s and one drachm of calomel. To- 
bacco Muoke enemas are soniotimes uueful. The itching is sometimes 
so provoking that the horse will ru . the tail and quarter violently 
against any rough surface within its reach. The itching may b<', allayed 
by inserting up the anus a poilion of the following ointment night and 


Glycerine, half an ounce; spermaceti, one ounce; melt the 
spermaceti and blend ; when nearly cold add strong mercurial ointment 
three drachms, {wwdered camphor three drachms. 


Barleg ami Lentil Gruel.— Tnke of barley meal six parte, lenlil 
flour two parts, celery-seed half a part ; mix. A few bandfuls boiled in 
a gallon of water down to six pints make a capital nutritious drink, 
Ubcd as a ciiange in place of oatmeal gniel. 

Bean Meal and BreaA MVis/i.— Soak a loaf of bread, cut in 
large slices, for two hours in new milk, then make a raash with two 
bandfuls of bean meal and a pinch or two of salt. 

Bean Meal and Potato Mash. — Boil some potatoes in their 
skins, then peel them, and pound them into a small mash, and mix with 
one or two bandfuls of bean meal. Such a mash must not exceed two 
pounds in weight, and will be better to be smaller, and repeated night 
and moniing or oftener. 

Beef Tea.—Takc good lean beef, cut it into pieces the size of a wal- 
nut, pick oif all skin and fat, place it in a stone jar and just cover it 
with water ; place on a cover and let it stand in a slow oven for five 
hours. Give a large break fasten pful every four hours in iirgent weak- 
ness, if necessary, out of a drench-horn. 

Beer and Loaf Bread. — Place a quart 6f beer, ale, porter or 
stout in the bottom of a pail ; then place a whole loaf, with a- ci-ust 
pared of!', in the beer, leaving the upper side dry The horse eats the 
bread down to the beer, and eventually takes the whole, the beer also, 
and will aiterward take kindly to beer given alone. Beer and loaf bread 
are capital in long, tedious cases of extreme weakness, such as continued 
fevers, etc. 

Bran Mash. — Place good, recently-made bran in a pail ; pour boil- 
ing water over it ; let this stand near a fire covered with several thick- 
nesses of clean rug ; mix thoroughly with a stick. It should be given 
only in quantities capable of being eaten at once, as it has a tendency to 
turn sour with standing. It should never be placed in a wooden man- 
ger. It is highly useful on accoimt of its laxative proj^erttes. A couple 
of bandfuls of bean meal added to a bran mash will make it more valu- 
able as a relish. 

Bran Tea.— Place a few handftds of good fresh bran in the bottom 
of a pail ; till up the pail with boiling water ; let the whole stand cov- 
ered near a fire, then strain through mu.slin. na(;e, when cold, in a 
fresh clean pail, and squeeze a lemon into it, and give. It is a pleasant 
demiilcf-nt drink after inflamed bowels, diseases of tl>e urinary organs. 
in fevers, etc. 


Braiuly and Egg Mixture. — Beat np, well four firsh eggs ; 
then add a quart '>f good new milk and two wineglassfuls of brandy. 
Give such a dose in a clean pail or out of a drench bottle three or four 
times or oflener in the twenty-tour hours. Very useful in a wesik stale 
when no food or very little can be taken. 

Rreud Mash, — Soak two loaves of bread in milk for two; 
reduce to a pulp ; add a pinch of salt, and, if thought desirable, a litlle 
celery seed also 

Compound Brea^l Mash,— Take four tablespoonfuls. miheap (', 
of bre;id mash, and the same quantity of malt ; mix well ttigether ; then 
pierce it all over, after placing it before the horse, with pieces of sliced 

Pulled Bread, — Remove the crust from one or two fresh loaves, 
of bread and pull the crumb or white portion with the fingers into 
pieces the size of walnuts or larger ; place' these in a hot oven to brown 
the surface of each piece', turning the pieces over for this purpose, and 
allerwai'd put into a cooler oven three or four, hours to drive, a^'ay ajl 
moisture. This is- highly relished by a sicHc horse, and may be given hi 
intervals from the hand in any low, weak' case. 

Ckirrots. — These are highly relished by horses in sickness nnd in 
health. They should be washed and scraped very clean and slictsd cjoss- 
wise or lengthwise. They are better given raw, from tiic hand nr 
placed temptingly in and around mashes or in corn etc. 

CeJery Seed Tea, — Pour a quart ot boiling water unnn two tabl"- 
spoonsfuls of se^d ; let it stand half an hour ; then place n in Imii a pail 
of water and give cold. 

Vorn FU>ur Mash—Take four tablespoon fuls of corn flour, and 
ttiix th<'m with a (juart of milk. Roil slowly for eight or ten minutes; 
tliea pour into » clean pail and stir in two handfuls of jnalt. Let it get 
cold and give it in the pail. 

linen Vood. — Freshly-cut grass, clover, etc., an' ol' liigli vi'liic in 
many forms of sickness. But theymust not be given indiscriminately 
in every form ot ailment, or harm may result. It is best togive lliei;: in 
small quantities, in onler that their easy ingestion may not lead to over- 
eat i.g. In low .states of illness, with utter absence of appetite, a little 
grei:ri iood may be offered by hand from time to tiaie. 

Cut Hay Mash. — Take seven or eight handfuls of brtin mash and 
two liamlfuls of bean meal; then add the same quantity t)r m >re of the 
cliair ofgood liay. Mix all together and sprinkle over all a handful of 

ITny Tea. — Place some good hay in a pail, so as to half fill tlie pail 
when [iressrd down; then pour overboiling water till the pail is three- 
quarters full, fjel it stand near a fire, cover over with a few thickiiescieb 


of a clean rug, tor an h"ur; ihcn jxnir nf[ the water into a dean pail and 
givp,. Tn fevers a littlo ice may W added. 

LenfU'i. — These like beans. (loiitaiu ,i lariie amount of luUriment. 
and tle.-ih ^nving properiies. Lentil flour, mixed with barley uual half 
and half, may be advantageously j^prinklcd over bran mashes and other 
forms of food and mashes to !;ive extra piquancy. A handful or two 
Miay be siirred oceasionally into the drinking Avater. 

A,?'**.s<'/'(1.— Whole liu!<eed should l)e always on hand, -dn it form? a 
bland mucilaginous, laxative diei. 

JjUiseed Ma sfi.— Boil a pound of good whole linseed in a gallon of 
watfr(!-r>\n to six pints; then pour this over good bran instead of the 
bailing wHter used in making a bra.n mash. A handful of malt may be 
thrown o^'cr the surface a ter the m:ish is placefl for the horse to eat. 
It is a highly iisoful, bland, laxative diet during "i)hysic." 

Linserd Tea. — A i)ound of Avhole linseed, boiled in two gallons of 
wat^'r down in ten or twelve ])ints, nuist be strained through muslin ; let 
it get cold, llirn add fresh lemon juice or ice, or both. It is a highly 
us''l'ul fever (hink, and also of great use during and after inflammation 
of the bowels, kidneys, or any of the urinary organs ; especially usefu[ 
in catarrh and sore tlii'oat. 

3/rt//.— The ease'whh wliich malt can be digested, together with itt 
power Mriiidirig in digestion, renders it an invaluable agent in the treat 
ment of horses and cattle. A handful or two may be sprinkled over dil 
lerent varieties of diet after placing these before the sick animal. 

jS'etr Milli — Aftei- or duiiug illnesses where the horse i? rapidly 
losing tlesh, good sAvcet milk given in quait doses from a clean pail is 
highly valuable. 

()aff>, — (lood, short, well It d i^als are valuable in sickness as tvell as 
in health. In tlie lattei- jieriods of convalescence they may be used 
wlnwe. . 

Off/ CV>w*^WM/»<r---Take a haiifltui each of oats, bran, rice or pearl 
barhiy, malt, hay, ehatf. wJMiic linseed, bean meal and celery seed, or an^- 
like combiiialion, and mix ihoroughly together. A few slices of car- 
rots may be added. 

Oaf Cakf. — The ordinary oal cake is highly relished when given a 
llllie at a timeby ha..d, in tin; lowcsl >tal<- of weakness and complete 
loss of ai)petiti'. 

F^ea 3/f///.~ This may be used in place of beau meal, oi' alternalely 
with it, in different mashes, 

Harlfif Water. — Take a pound of i)earl barley and boil it in two 
jirdjons of svatei- foi- half an hour ; strain llirough a elol-h ; let il cool. 
then give either alone or with ice or lemon Juice, or with both. It lias 
the same uses as linseed tea. 


Potatoes. — These are a hi>;hl.y iisflul food for the horse in health, 
an(i may be given by •way of varyiug the food during illness. IM .'S 
they contain a large prf»portii>n of starch, they should jQ!i>iL,J)K ^iiy.HJij,in 
liver disorders or its complicHtious. .,-,,;;., '.■;.'!(' 

Potato Ma.'ih.~-Bo\] potatoes with their skins on ; skin tlioin and 
heal rhem up inlt>a aiasli with milk, whey or skininuxl niilU. I\]i\ miill 
with ihis raasli. Useful in lalcr periods of eonvaletceuce. 

Mice. — This, lioile<l in a little water till quite expanded, niH^y be 
given alone a.s a mash, or may be mixed with malt, bread, (parrots, bran, 
etc.. i() t'orra most savory food to t€mpt the remains of appetite 

Ricif Water, — Thoroughly wash half a pound of rice with. cold 
water ; mace-rate it for three hours in two gallons or less of water at a 
tepid heat, and attenvard boil slowly for an hour and strain through 
muslin. A useful drink in dysentery, diarrhcca and irritable states of 
the alimentary canal. It may be flavored with lemon juice or celery 

»*j7fi>HWi^iMtifc.— This may be used freely as a drink in place of 
water in most illnesses, and is particularly valuable in diseases of the 
kidneys and all urinary disorders attended by a want of due amount of 
secretion from the kidneys. 

Whej/.—Tdkii fresh waim or warmed milk and curdle it with rennet, 
then strain off the liquor. This is highly useful as a drink in fevers, 

Wine.— Good, .sound port wine, a bottle per day, given at frequent 
intervals, is useful in sinking conditions in tiding the system over a crit- 
ical period. It may be given alternately with brandy. Other nourish- 
ment must be given in fair quantities when wine is given as an article of 


7cm/x»r«7)/r.— Eat not to dulness, drink not to elevation. 

BilenrA. — Speak not but what may benefit others or yourself -, avoid 
trifling converHatiou. 

fh-df-r.- \a'\. all things have their places ; let each part of ycmr husinens 
have it-^ timi' 

^w/f/./jo/j. — Hesolvc to perform what you ought ; |X'.rform without fail 
what you rcNolve. 

fV'/.V'//?Xv. ---Make no expense but to do good to others or yourself ; 
tiiat is, WHHte nothing. 

/ifu/ft*/ry.-"Li)Ke no time ; be always ('uiployed in something useful • 
col off all unn»T<'ssary actions. ■^•n^U 

Siutvn'f)/. — \'HC no tiurtl'ul d«'(<'il ; ihiiiU innocentlv and justly, and if 
you speak, s|>eak ucconlingly. 


./«*i(mi.— Wrong none by doing injuries or omitting the benefits that 
are your duty. 

Mo(le/'ii,t//)n.— Avoid extremes; tbrbear resenting injuries as much as 
you think tliey deserve. 'I" 'i"' " ''"' 

(Jleumli/ieHii. — Tolerate no uncleanliness in body, clothes, or habitation. 
7 niiiqut'lliti/.-— lit', not disturbed at trifles or at accidents coramoQ or 
, iijiiir^ •((■■ 


A PromixHoi-y lYott' \^ a direct eugagemeul in writing to pay a specified 
sum named therein, on sight or demand, or at a time therein specified, 
to a persfm named, to his order, heirs or assigns, or tf> the bearer. He 
who promises the payment is the mnker or drawer of the aote. He to 
whoin it is i)ayable is the j!)«yc?^. He who indorses it is the indorser. 
He to whom liie indorser, l)y that indorsement, transfers his interest, is 
tlie iridor»fe. He in wliose possession the note is when due is the holder, 
'Tlie following are essential requisites in law to constitute a promis- 
sory note: A promissory note must be in writing. Its promise to pay 
" " must bedistinetly expressed, and without qualification. It calls for 
' payment in money only. The sum to be paid is definitely stated, both 
ill tlj^iires and in woi'ds. Should these not agree, the words will rule 
'' the figures. If no 1 line of pa3'men.t is fixed, the note i^ payable on ,de- 
'^^manil. ifthe note is hot dated, its elate- is assumed to Ikj the day when 
Its existence was first established. If made pavabk' to a fictitious per- 
son,' It IS ])ayabl(' tt) the bearer. 
_' .H./4/j4t'W//<//w('/.'//(9/A./Vbfe is one for which the maker rec.nves no con- 
sideratibn for which he promises the payment of the note, but makes it 
]"' .s'iiaply to'lend'his credit to tlie payee or other parly, so that the payee 
"may' raise money on flie maker's name. He who is so accommodated 
'" caiinot recover f.iie nioney promised by the ihaker. If, however,, the 
note be indorsed over to a third party "for value received," then the 
raatier is holden to the third party, even though the nature of the note 
was known l)y the third party when he received the note. 

Invalid JSott'.^. — Tiie following aoles are invalid: All that lack consid- 
eration, which must be some benefit to the party who makes the note, 
or 90;]ne act, laboi-, forbearance, etc., on the part of the payee. Also, all 
notes founded on fraud or on undue advantage taken of a party, or for 
illegal considerations, as bribery, wagers, etc. Also, all notes in which 
matenal alterations appear. Also, notes dated on Sundays, kgal holi- 
days, and on dales yet future when the note is issued. 

Negotudile JVote.'i. -The following notes are negotiable : Those payable 
to a person or order; to a person or bearer; to a person or his assigns; 


uud 1(1 tlin cashier nC any iucnrporaiu-cl coinpany i>i- institution, ur to his 
older a< cashier. 

When Ihe words •' or bearer " are inlroilue.ed, ihe iustrmiiwat iiuiy p:iss 
from liaiid lo hand liU»- a bank bdl uithoiii indorsemeut, but waen the 
words •' or ordiT*' are used, ilic insiiium'iil must lie indors<^(l by the 
orif^iua) lioldei' ot it. 

Tliree da^'s of grace are usually alli)\v<'d on all notes aud draftij, ex- 
cept tliose "on demand." These days make no allowance for Sundays 
or indidays, so that if a note fall iliic on riiur-:day, the days of graee are 
up ell Sntiu'day. 

As reuards the indorsement of noies bear these regulations in mind: 
A nolt- drawn to a certain person, or bearer, needs no indorsement, 
though for llie sake of tracing it readily indorsemeni is usuallj- asked. 
Ageneial indorsement is made by simply writing the payee's name on 
th<- back of the note, in tliis form he remains open to all the c<;nse- 
((Uriices if tilt' maker of the note fail to pay it. A special indorsement 
diri-cls payment to a particidar i)erson hy writing above the, signature 
the words "Pay to A. B. or order.' In this case responsibility falls on 
this indorser only wlien those before him on the note fail to piiy. If the 
iudors( r wishes to avoid all responsibility as such, he must add the 
wordn " without recourse" in a general indorsement, and " at hia risk," 
to a special indorsement, or "without recourse upon me." No indorae- 
ment can paas the property included in a note imless the indoraer has legal 
claim to that property. Indorsers become security that the maker of 
the Hole -hall pay the n\ouey due thereon. If the holder is guilty of 
ueijlecl (»r in any way compromises with the holder in respect to the 
claim, the indorsers are discharged from all lurthor responsibility. No 
Compromise can l)e made with antecedent indorsers to the injury of 
those suliscquently on the paper. Demand for jiayment when due, and 
propi-r diligence in enfoicing it, mnsl jirecede <^harg«' upon the in- 

Should the holder of ;i note lose it, he must nuike a fornud demand 
for its payuMMit when due, Inil he is resjionsihle to the party paying the 
noli- ill cjiM! troubh' should arise. When a nolc is lost, it is well lo give 
public Warning agaiiisl its ni'goilatioii ; in some .Slates this is essential. 

'I'he demand for payminl of a note should be made upon llu- day Ihat 
il ix dill: and aceordiiig to ilic -pccilic.itions of the note. A good way to 
save trouble is to ibn.w the note inio a bank for collection, wluch 
charges hut a .snnill fee. 

ill cascol'llie non-i)aymeiil ol a note, place it in the hands of a notary 
public, lie tninially ijiniands |>a\ iiieiil, and if not received he al tmce 
protests the note and informs the indorsers. Should any loss occur 
UiTough the notary's neglect, he is responsible. 

Miscellaneous department, lei 

If payment of a note be made to a person because of a forged signa- 
ture of tJic payee or other indorse)-, ov it some one fiuudulently collects 
the money wlio pretends to be the parly to whom a note Ls especially in- 
dorsed, the maker is not released from his obliijation on account of the 
fraud playtsd upon him. Should a note be paid before it is due, and 
.shoaltt it afterward pasa int(j the hands of a bona fide holder for value, 
the liilter can in.sist upon a full payment at the maturity of the note. 

A Bill of E.tch(tnye is an order to a person at a distance, which directs 
him to pay a cerl.iiii amount to the person Ln whose favor the bill is 
drawn, or to his (irder. Bills of exchange are either foreign or inland. 
A dratt may properly be called an inland bill ai exchange. 

A Letter of Credit is a letter written by n merchant or c<jrrespondentto 
anollier, requ«-^;iiny him to advance money or sell goods ti» the bearer or 
person named, and undertaking that the debt which may be contracted 
in pursuance of the request shall be duly paid. 

A Leit'He is a contract in writing whereby a person conveys a portion 
of his interest in lands or tenements to ^nothtr in consideration of a cer- 
tain rent or other recompense. Care should be taken to insert ia Um 
luoat all the terms of the contract between the parties. 


yote on Ut tH and. 

1800. St. Paul, Feb. 16, 1881. 

ODdemAud, I promise to pay John Smith, or order. Three Rund^red 
Dollar-', value i eceived. James Brown. 

Negotiable Note. 

fSOO. New York, April 10, 1885. 

Ninety daj-s after date, I promise to pay James Erown, or order. Five 
Hundad Dollars, value received. JosKPa RoBi>i80N. 

J\'ote \ot Xei/otiiible. 

$2.iO. New York, Jan. 5, 1885. 

.MiiHty days after date, I promise to pay James Brown, Two Hun- 
dreil and J^'ifiy Dolturs, value received. Josicpii Robinson. 

iittiiit \iitf. 
$400. Chicaoo, July 12, 1885. 

Four months after date, we pnmiise to pay John Smith, or order. 
Four Hundred Dollars, value received. Jamks Brown, 

Joint and Several Note, 

$200. Chicago, July 5, 1885. 

Six months after date, we jointly and severally promise to pay George 
Robinson, or order, Two Hundred Dollars, value received. 

George Jonks, 
Thomas Lswza. 


ybte Jfai/nblf hij InsUtlliiu-iita. 
S4i>0. Chicago, Jimt- R, l!58o. 

For vuluf ifceived, 1 promise lo pay Johu Smith, or order, Four Huu, 
dred Dollars, in maniit'r follow irig ; Om- Hundred Dollars, iu two 
yeek.<i from date, ami Tluvr Hundred Dollars in eij^ht weeks, witii in- 
terest on the several sums as lliey fall due. Georgk BkoWN. 

.1 Oof Jiill. 

»5U. JSew York, Feb. 5, l88u. 

Dm; James liolunson, Fifty Dollars, on demand, value received. . 

George Jonbs. 

'^ ■'• Oviiff fit)' J/otifif. 

Mn. .lAXfF.s Brown: 

Please pay John Smilli, or hearfT, Twenty-live Dollars, on my ac- 
count. l{oEKR.T .Sloan. 

Order for Mei'cha ft fiise* 

Mr. John Hii.l : 
" *4>W^lf^1i*^1vdrf(^^(^rei^■Mn"WnUh.'9VfcTv'^on,1Vfl^ft%rt^ at 

your store, to th'e 'aiYimnit of Twelve Di>riars, and charge the pahi'e'tb my 
actount. Thomas Brown. 

SUjht nra/t. 

■M d«i aa.4 m " ' Boston, July 7, im 

syj^hj^ pay |.o the order of Jones & I'o., Two, Hundre^ poDars, 
l<««fi-V^<;l. and chaige the same to our accoyiit.;,^ .^^^V ^^i^U^ ^ 

To JouN Brown, BaltiqiQie, AldL , ,- Robinson, Bi.ack & Co. 

'^^^hnfi'T.^ i1?i.H^f hn- dale, pay to the m-?!pr'^M Smith l%'€<>., rteven-ty'-tive 
P«)]lars, value received, and charge to our aicoinit. 
*'■*''• to (ffftioofe, .toNRs & Co., Memphis, Tenn. J. S. Si-oan & Ob. 

Tti6 acceptance of a draft is effected by the drawer, If he consents to 
lf)e"i)ilyn)('Mt, writing " Accepted," the date, and his name across the 
face of llic draft. 

Philadelphia, April 10, 1885. 
_ Ukntlk-mkn: Let me introduce to your tirm tlie bearer, Mr. .John 
SDiitii. You will confi'ra favor by selling liim such goods as he may 
Holei't, to tlie aintiunt of Six Hundred Dollars, anil 1 will hold myself 
tvccomitable Ibr that sum in case of nou-payuient. Truly Yours, 
To KoHiNBON «k Co., New York. James Brown. 


Rerf'ipl in Full. 

^■.TfiTinh^ (JmcAoo, June 10, 1885.' *. 

Receiyed or John Smith, Sixty Dollaif?, in lull of all demands to date. 

|60i • s ; !• James BRowNk • 

iiim f. rii n.iiii!'/ vt BoKTON, Msircb 6, ISS."). 
Received of John. Smith, Fiftceu Dollars, on acccmnt. •' >( n-fua fr 
$15. Thom4sMat. 

K'-reipf for »» .\otf: 

$200. Ci5ciNNA'ir, Oct. rt. 1885.^' 

Received of John Smith, his note lor Four Flnndn'd Doilurs, rut (sfs * 
muotiis, in full of account. .1 amks .srKVio.v^n^:. '^ 

There are various otlier businl■s^ ana IcumI lorins \-, iiirli iiiIlIi! ;i.: 
given, but as they are printed, and uia.v hr \)\\<rh:\n'-i\ al^.h' i .myWhirt 
for a few cents, it is far mure ccoi)o!ui(:il csix cialiy as :'i;:irds lii'iio! to 
buy them already printed than to copy iheni; is uccessal-y'lsT lb 
till up the blanks. ' -""'•" '• ' ■ '• 

Business Laws in Daily Use. 

A note dated ahead of its i.^sue is void. ll..m?^J. l^. dated bapk .;t • 

A note made on Sunday is void. 

Contracts made on Sunday cannot be enforced. 

A contract made vvith a lunatic is void. 

A note obtained by fraud or from a person in a state of intoxicati&E 
cannot be collected. 

It is a fraud to conceal a fraud. 

If a note is lost or stolen it does not rcleas»'i the maker: he must pa.y it 
if the consideration for which it was given and the amount can bij- 

Notes bear interest only when so slated. ! ut by u-saii;e of trade Ihov 
always bear interest from nialurily. 

The maker of an " accommodation " l)ill or note (one for which ho. 
had received no consideration), liaving lent his )iame or ci'edit for liii; 
benefit of the holder, is not bound to Ui<' person acc<nuinodated, but is 
bound to all other parlies precisely as il then' wtts a ^ood considerrinon. 

A note or oonlrac-.t made by a minor is void in some States, and in 
others is voidable. 

One may make a note payable to ids own okIci-, and indojsc ji in 
Idank. He must write his name acrc^ss thi! face or back of the in)le the 
same as any othei- indorse)-. This is transferable by delivery as if niHdf 
payable U> bearer. 


Afiei the death of a holdtr of a bill or note his executor or adminis- 
trator may transfer it by his indorsement. 

The husband who acquires a right to a bill or note which was given 
fr) tbt' wife, cither before or after niarria>,'r, may indorse it. 

"Value rcc<;ivi'd" is usually written in a note, but is not necessary. 
I* iioi ^viitten it is presumed by the law or may be supplied by ]-ro<if. 

!f the time of payment of a n'Ue is not inserted, it is held payable on 

The time of payment of a note must not depend upon a contingency. 

The promise must be aboslute. 

The payee should be distinctly named in the note, unless it is payable 
to bearer. 

If tvi-o or more |)orsons as partners arejoinlly liable on a note or bill, 
due noliee to one of them is sufHcient. i 

If a note or bill is transferred :is security, or even as payment of a pre- 
exislino- debt, th( debt revives if the note is di'^honored. 

If ihe letter containing a protest of non-payment be put into the ytbsf 
offi. f, auy miscarriage does nol affect the ])arly giving uotiee. 

Notes of j)rotest may hi' sent either to the residence or to the place of 
bfjsine^sof the parly notified. 

The holder of a note may give notice of jtrotest either to ail the prr- 
▼ioiis indoT.^erfc. wldch is the safer method, or only to one of the i.; in 
ci'.se of the latter, he nuist select the last indorser. and the last niu-f give 
noticK lo the last before hiui, and so on. Each indorser must send ni;ii(e 
the sani'; day or day following. Neither Sunday nor legal holiday is lo 
be reckoned in computing the tim(! in which notice is to be given. 

Joint indorser- of H note must both be iiotiiied tinless they ate p.irt- 
n<Ts. wli*»n notic' to one is sufficient. But this does not hold where a 
notice is served on a partner living elsewhere while none is s< rvcd on a 
p«rtn(t re-iding in the town where the demand is made. 

" Arreptnnre" :!pplie<- to hills, and not U) notes. It is nn engagement 
nn thf jiarl of the j-.erson on whom the bill is drawn to pay it aeeording 
t.o it.' ifnor. 'I'Ik' usual way is to write across thi' lace of the iiill the 
word ' Afc.i'ptcd," giving date of acceptance. 

A bill may be written upon any paper or substitute for it, eillu:r with 
Ink Mf poncil. 

An iiujoiscc lias a right of action against all whose names were on'the 
bill wlim h<' received it. 

No conHideration is sulHcieni in law if it be illegal in its nature. 

Chrek-' or drafts .sliould he presented during business hours; luif iti 
»))»> country, evcept in the case of banks, (he lime extends through the 
dny and ( Thev should he presented f(n- payment witliout un- 
rea^oiiHble delay. 


Principals are ic!S))onyib)<.' for the iicts of their agents 

Eacli iixlividual in a piirlnerHlii]) is responsible for tlie whole amoimt 
of (he debts of the tirni, excfpl in c.i8e.s of special partnership. 'J'he 
word " Liijiited" in conneclion with ii firm name indicates that a limita- 
tion of responsibility for e.ieli ni(inl)er is fixed. 

Ign(»rance o[ liie law excuses no one. 

The laAv compels no one to do impossibililies. 

An agreement without consideration is void. 

Signatures made with a lead jieneil are good in law. 

A receipt for money is not alway- conciusivt! 

The iiel.s of one partner bind ail liie rent. 

All claims which do not rest upon a seal or judgment must be sued 
within six ycai's from tlie time when tliey arise. 

Part payment of a debt wliicli has |>assed the time of statutory limita- 
tion revives the wiiole debt, and Die claim liolds good for another period 
of six years from the date of such partial ])a ment. 

If whf-n a debt is due the debtor is out of rile State, the "six years" 
do not bei;in to run until he returns. If he afterward leave the State, 
the time forward counts tlie same as if he remained in the State. 

An oral agreement must be proved by evidence. A written agree- 
ment proves itself. Thp }nrr prefer^ wrillen to oral evidence because of 
its precision. 


IJSiTK1iI^:s'r KcLEs. — For finding the inlei-est on any principal for any 
nnrtiber of davs : The ans-wer in each cum being in c nts, separate the 
two rigl'jtliand figures of answer to express in doll rs and cents. 

i<"'oiir i)er cent.: >fultiply tiie prine.pal by tlic nuniber of days to run ; 
s<?paratc right hand fisiure from the jiroduet, and divide by 9. 

Five per cent.: Mnltiply by number o! days and divide by 72. 

Six per cent.: Midtiply by niunber of days .sei)arate right-hand figure, 
and divide by six. 

Eight per ceht. ; Mullijily by numb' r (U days and divide I)y 45. 

]SIine per cent. : .Ylulliply t)y numlter of days, se,^arate riglit-hand 
figure, and divide by 4. « 

Ten per cent.: Multiply by number of days and divide bj' 86. 

Twelve per cent.: Multiply by nund)er of days, separate right-hand 
figure, and divide l)y '■]. 

Fifteen per cent.: Multiply by number of days and divide by 24. 

Eighteen per cent. : Multiply by iiumt»er of days, separate J'ight-liand 
figure, and divide by 2. 

Twenty per cent.; Multii)ly by number of days and ivide l>y 1^. 

Twenty-four per cent.: Multiply by numbei' of days and divide by 15. 



The few prescriptions rliat arc hero siibjoini'd ;)'-e eitJipr for the treat- 
mcnt of such light complaints as may he tn-aicl without medical advice. 
or else they are .'such as may be safely applu .1 m n'li(>vo sutTerin^ while 
waiting for the doctor to come. But \'vw an- jxivm. Ijccause tlierc are 
few ailments which should be treated al home Avithoiit tlu' direct advice 
of a physician. To attempt mucli ■homr doctorini!;" without proper 
medical advice is always dangerous, and sf)metimes leads to thi- most 
disastrous results ; at the moment perhaps, a doctor is summoned, 
but only to find the patient dying from want of proper trealment. Un- 
less a person is a skilled pracliti-nei, it is vt-ry easy toinistaku the svnip- 
toms of H disease, and to Lnvu uroii',^ remedies under the delusion that 
fhe pntient is suffViring from some other complahif tlian tlic which 
really afflicts him. Therefore hooks which pretetul lo enfireiv supplant 
doctors should never lie reliid upon. The iire^criptions that follow are 
entirely safe, and may be relied upon. It n)ust l)e rem emhered.. how- 
ever that should any Milment show signs of becoming w(u-.s<^ it may be 
but a symptom of .>~omething more serious to follow, anrl a plivsician 
■should he called in. The doses that are given are adult doses. 
^ A good general'rule ff>r the determination of the dose ff.r v.o usurer 
persons is this: To the age ni the jjatient add P.>, and (iivide tin? sunie by. 
the; Hg« for the denominator of the fraction wlioso numerator i^ 1. 'I'hns. 

'J -x I'i 1 
for an infant two vears old the forniula will be — one-sevetilh o'f 

the adult dose. 

Oramp>'.--\ couple of teaspoonfuls of paregoric is a .good remedy''for 
any form of cramps. Cramps m the legs and arms may I'C relieved by 
Wild a'>)>!icn.tion8 

Cholera J/oriz/s.- -Thirty dn.|)s of laudanum or two or three ten- 
spoonfuls of paregorie. Ai>plv :i mustard planter to tliej or 
cloth wrung oul of hoi water aud turpentine. 

fV/ir.. — PaivfTorie, one leaspoonful -. tincture of cardaiuou seeds, two 
liiavpuuufuls ; tincture, (ir Lritmer, one-fourlh to one-half teaspoonl'ul. 
Mix in a (piarlor of .alumblerful of liol wat^r and take al one dose. 
Ap|ily .'( mustard plaster to the siomiich. 

Co;irH^<b;(j(.— Tweniy-'ive or ihirty grains of l)romide of potassium to 
half M luiuhlerful of wap r. 'i'he patient should be placed upon his bflck. 
The room in wiiich he is kepi nuist be larfeclly still, and it. ii^ better to 
h'lvc it (tirkened. 

.y^Di'lirnnn — In any easi; (if sudden deliiiuiu bromide ol potassium in 
the above (piantily is u good remedy. 


Dinfrhmn.—Oue teaspoonful of tincture of kiuo; one to l-s\'o table- 
8p()(.m(ul.s ol' blackberry brandy. Mix and repeat three or four times a 
•lay. Should this fail to clieck the attack within a couple of days, a 
piiyaician slioald be .<ent lor. 

Hetnorrhage. - P\Ace thii p&litin\ in a recumbent position; keep him 
free from all excitement ; endeavor to reassure him ; do not allow him 
to drink either hot or cold drinks nor any stimulants. Give trom twenty 
tu Ihirly drops of laudanuni. Lay strips of hot flannel along each side 
of tlie spinal column. Keep the patient as quiet as possible until the 
arrival of the physician. 

IIi/i<ieric-s.—Qis-ii a teaspoonful of ammoniated tincture of valerian iu a 
lililo water. Place the patient in a recumbent poaitioi. 

Marda. — .Maniacal Outbreak. — Dissolve half a drachm of bromide of 
lK)tassiLini in half a tumblerful of w^ater ; administer m one do»»e. Place 
a mustard- plaster behind the neck. 

Nosebleed. — Hold the breath as long as possible. Apply ice to the 
uape of the neck. SnufF up |)Owdered tannic acid. 

Pleuritic Pains — 'Apply dry heat, a-s a hot plate, to the painful side, 
and give a dose of laudanum (thirty drop-*). Should thi.s fail to abate 
the pains, send for a physician. 

Pain. — For general pains the safest remedy is a teaspoonful of par&« 

Seat or Pin-Worm^. — Wash out tin-, bowels with a pint of cold water 
by means of a .syringe, and inject so iw tea of quassia, two ounces of 
quassia to a pint of water. 

Ordinary Sore 'Ihroat. — Tincture of ciilorate *>f iron, two-thirds of an 
ounce ; chlorate of potash, half an ounce ; water, one pint. Gargle the 
throat with Nome of this nu.xture every two hours. Take tea grains 
biornide of potassium every three or lour hours. Should these means 
fail to inipnjvti the throat, send l(;i a physician. 

Spongy and Bleeding tJanw. — Wash the gums with weak alum water, 
about a quarter of a teaspoonful of alum to a tumblerful of water, or 
with about twenty drops of tincturt- of myrrh to a half tumblerful of 

Toothacfie. — Uub in n uioitar l<u grains each of chloral and camphor 
until liquefied; soak a cotton pledget iu the liquid and apply it to the 
tooth ; or a drop or two ol pure carbolic acid upon the cotton pledget 
and insert in cavit}- of tooth. 

Vomiting. —li not immediately after meab;, twenty graine of subni- 
trate of bismuth, if the vomiting occurs immediately after meals, the 
attack bad better take its course, aided by tlrt ughts of warm water. 

Sunstroke. — The following is summarized from the last annual circu- 
lar of the New York Board of Health ; under "Prevention " it gives ex- 


celletit adric" for \\w mode of lakiim care of one's self (luring hoi spelln 
of weather. 

PUKVE^'TION. — Doii'l lose youi' slet>(i ; sleep ill a COol phu'O ; (lou'l 
worry: (ion't got excitwl ; don't drink too much alcoliol ; avoid work- 
ing in the sun il yon can : il indoors, woik in a well -ventilated room; 
wear tliin elothes ; wear a iiulil liat, not black : put a lara;e green leaf or 
wet clolh in it ; drink water fre<'ly and sweat freely : if fatigued or 
dizzy, knoek oflF work, lit' down ill a cool place, and apply cold water 
and cold cloths to your head and neck. 

CuKK — Put the patient in the shade ; loosen his clothes about the 
neck : send for the nearest doctor ; give the patient cool drinks ot water 
or black tea or Idack coffee if he can swallow. If his skin h hot and 
dry ])rop him up, sitting, against a tree or wall; pour cold water over 
the body and limbs and put on his head pounded ice wrapped in a cloth 
or towel. If you can't get ice. use a wet cloth and keep freshening it. 
But if the patient if pale aiul faint and his pulse is feeble, lay him on 
his back, make him smell hartshorn for a few seconds, f r give him a 
teaspoonful ot aromatic spirits of ammonia or tincture of ginger in tw"a 
tablespoon fuls of water. In this case use no cold water, but rub the 
hands and feet and w.arm tin ni by hot application.s until the circulation 
iM restored. 


These dishes will be relished by sick people, and are often ordered for 

Chicken Brof/i. -Cut \ip a small ehiekcm into joints and place it on the 
tire with a quart of cold water, a teas]ioon1'ul of salt, and a sprig or two 
of parsley. Let the water come to a boil, and then allow it to siaimer 
for fully an hour : strain it through a sieve and il is ready., 

The broth may be thickened, if desired with a little Hour. Take out 
a spoonful or iwo of the li(jiiid to heat up with the flour, then add it to 
the broth. Asa rule, dish s for invalids should not be highly sea- 
srined ; the |iurejuiee of the meat is the great thing to secure. 

Mutton Rrotli- Hoil sldwly a coupl of pounds of lean mutton for 
two iHMir--; skim il very carefully na it simmers, and add very little salt. 
If the doctor permits, some vegetable as sea.soning may i' added, and 
for 9on>e broths a little rice or fine barley is added. 

Arrowrotft Jfllfi — Half a pint of water, to which add one glass of 
sherry oi" ginger w ine, ;i little gnited nutmeg and fine sugar; put this 
into a slew-pan, but only let il come to the boil ; then mix into it two 
or three teaspoonfuls of arrowroot, previously broken into pulp in a 
little cold water, after which boil the whole for a moment or two. 


Tapioi^o Jelly, — Wash tho tapicx;a careful) j in two or three waters, 
thou .soaK ii Tki" live or six liours ; simmer it then in a stew-pan until it 
Ijecom K quite cUhi' ; add a lillie lemon juice or wine if required. 

(.h'lul. — if the gruel .8 preferred to be tliick, make it with tw.. table- 
spoonfuli^ of imlmeal— il thin, with one spoonful; mix the meal in a 
basin with a iiltie cold water. Have ready in a stew-pan a pint of 
boiling water or milk ; pour thi& by degrees into the mixed oatmeal . 
return it into the stew-pan ; 8et it on the tire ; let it boil for five min- 
utes, stining it all the titne ; skiiu and strain it through a hair sieve. 
It may be sesisoned to taste, and wine or brandy added if desired. 

'J'oaM Water.— Timtsl carefully a few crusts of bread(see that they do 
not burn;, and pour over them a pint and a half of boiling water. Let 
the jug be covered up and stand till the water has become cold; then 
strain the liquor off, and .squeeze into it a few drops of lemon juice. 

Barky Water. — Wash a teacupful of i)ear barley, put it on the fire 
with two quarts of boiling water, smd lei it boil down to half the quan- 

Jjemotuide for IrvwUds. — I'are the lemons thinly, any number may be 
used, say a dozen for six pints ; and then rub them over with pieces of 
lump sugar to extract the remaiuing yellow portions. Lay the sugar 
after it io used and a poixnd or so more in a basin with the parings of six 
of the k'tnons, and squeeze the juice ol the whole dozen into the basin. 
Add the water — sa}' six pints — pretty nearly boiling, and mix the lot 
preltv well together ; strain carefully, and then pass through a jelly- 
bag. When cold put it into bottles for use. 

Orangeade is made in the same way as above, substituting oranges for 


To Dmt Carpets and Floorn. — Sprinkle tea-leaves on them, then 
sweep carefully. The former should not be swept frequently with a 
whisk-brtisli, as it wears them fast ; only once a week, and at other 
times with the leaves and a hair-brush. Fine carpets should be gently 
done witii a hair liand-brush, such as is used for clothes, on the 

To CleMfi Carpets.— T-aka up the carpet, let it be well beaten, then 
laid down, and brush on both sides with a hand-brush; turn it the 
right side upward, and scour it with oxgall and soap and water very 
clean, and dry it with linen cloths. Then lay it on grass or hang it up 
to dry. 

Ink spilled on a carpet or woollen article should be attended to at 
once while still wet, if possible, and then is very easily removed. Take 


uleuii bl')i.tiiig papc'i' or coitou huitiiu and ii' .soj) ui;. all the i)ik 
rliit Im^ not soiiki'd in. Tlicn pour a little svv^et milk on tile fipot, ana 
*)ak it up from Ihf carpet wiili (\■ii<]^ coMon battiii;;'. It will need to be 
renewed I wo or 111 ;-ci' limes I'resli milk ;md coKon being- used each 
time, and tiie spoi will di.supi>c:tr. 'i'lien wash the spot witli clean 
:»<)ap«iids}md rub dry with a clean clolh. It' the ink has been allowed 
i;o dr\ in tlif milk nm-l remain longer and be repeated many times. 

To ('IfAdi I'lifn'r J-fir/i(//,/i.t/.^.--'['i\ke small pieces of slaie bread, 
about two days old : cmiimence at the lop of the; room, and with the 
o.rusl wipe lij^htly downward about half a yard at each stroke, till the 
upper part of the hangings is eompletely cleaned all around, and so 
i-ontimie until i!ji' wli )le is gone over This operation, if carefully 
performed, will frequently make old paper look about equal to new. 
Great caution must be used not lo lub the paper hard nor to attempt 
cleaning it the cross or horizontal way. The dirty part of the bread 
must each time be ciii aw.iy. and the piecl^s renewed as often as ut all 

To Extrari Crre^iM from Papered WalU<. — Dip a piece of flannel in 
spirits of wine, ml) the greasy spots gently once or twice, and the grease 
will disH|)pear. 

7(/ (Urnii Mirrorx, Lnol.-lng ;iliistie,'<. r?/!*;.— Take a soft s|>onge, wash it. 
well in clean water, and siiuee/e it as dry as possible ; dip it into some 
Hpirits of wine and rub over the glass; then have some powder blue, 
tied up in a rag, diisl it over your glass, and rub it lightly and quickly 
with a soft cloiii; aflerw.u'd finish with a .silk handkerchief. 

To inlcr Stdliix Out of Mcrlde.—'SUx unslaked lime In finest powder 
with the sirong<-<i soap-ley. pretty thick, and instantly with a painter's 
brush lay ii oiiiIk- whole ol'ilie niarbh- In two nioiuhs' time wash it 
oil pi*rf<"clly cleaji ; ilien liave ready a line thick lather of soft soap,' 
boiled in sofi, water; di)) a brush in it ,ind scour the niarble. This 
will, with very good rubbing, give a beautiful polish. 

To I'ltlr lii>ii-si((iiis i}'i( of }fi(rl)le.—\.\\ ipiantity of fresh spirit 
of vitrol and lemon juice bijiug mixed in a bottle, shake it well ; wet the 
•ipots and in a few minutes rub with soft linen till they disappear. 

Gri-iixn on a (;ar|>et, ii not ol long standing, can be readily dis]K)!*ed of 
by washing the spot with hoi soapsuds iind bora.\— half an ounce of 
borax to a gallon of water. I'sc a clolh to wash it with, rinse in 
warm water, -mmX wipe dry. 

'to Vlniii mill /ln)//ilrii l{nissfli, ( '((r/)eL'(.---'[''Akr a fresh beef-gall, break . 
it inl'i a pan ; pour one hall into a very clean bucket, aud nearly 
fill it with lukewarm water; lake a clean, coarse cloth, and having, 


brushed the carpel avcII, luli ii IimiiI witli ilif cloili tlioiougblv wet 
with gall-water ; do a small picic ai a iiuit^; have ready a dry coarse 
cloth, and lub tlii' carpet dry; mi pri»eiT(l until the whole carpft is ck-an. 
A- lew drops ol carbonate of anun-onia, in a -mall quantity of warm rain 
vpater, will change, if carefully ajii lied, discolored ^jiot'^ upon e.arpets, 
and indeed all spots, whether pro.luced by acids or alkalies. Ii one has 
the misfortune to have a car]>et injured i)y whitewash, ihiv Mill imme- 
diately restore. 

jV'/rWe can be niceh' cleaned in Hn follow ini:- manner: Pulverize a 
little bluestone and mix Avith four ounco of \vliilin,iz:; add to these four 
ounces of soft soap and one ounce of soda, dissolvod in a very little 
water. Boil this preparation over a slow liic fifteen ntinufes, stirring all 
the time. Lay it on the marble while h >i with a clean brush. Let it 
rfimaiu half an hour ; then wash off in clean suds, wijui dry. and p<tlish 
by cpirck rubbing. If marble is smoked or soiU'd, either by bituminous 
coal or loo free use of kindling w'ood, Spanish whiting Avith a piece of 
washing soda, rubbed together and w<t with only cno\igh water to 
(noJKten and make them into a paste, will nniove the grease and smoke. 
Dip a piece of flannel in this preparation and i-nb the S])ots wliile the 
paste is quite.moist. Leave the paste on for hours, and, if need be, 
rerrc,(>ve it and renew wiru litsii paste. When the sj^ots edsappear wash 
the place with clean hot soapsuds, wipe dry, ar.d iiolish with chamois- 

To C'leMn 8il'ver.---iii\YHV d(>or and bell plates aie most e.xpeditifnislj' 
cleaned with a weak solution of anunonia and water say one teaspoon- 
ful of aunnonia to one teacup of water, apjilied with a wet rag: it h 
eijualfy useful in cleaning other silver plate and gold jewelry, 

0?'^ jl/«?'/t,'* on wall paper, or the marks wheie inconsiderate ])eople 
rest their heads, area sore'grief to good hou -ekaeper-, hut tiny can be 
removed without much trouble. Take i)ii>e clay or fuller's earth and 
make it into a i)aste about as thick as rich cream w ith cold water ; lay 
it on the stain gently, without rubbing it in; leave it on all night. If, 
will be clrj' by morning, when it can be brushed oil', and unless an old 
stain th<:^grease spots will have disappeared. If ohl, renew the apjdi- 

To Reiitove Mould from, Fuhricx. — Wuh them over with butter, and then 
apply potash moistened in a little water, and fub the sp:l U]itil all liacct 
of it disappear ; then wash inplenty of water to lake out the potash : or 
the mouldy S])ot may be w-etted with yellow suljihide of animoida, b)'' 
which it wi*l! be immediately blackeued. Aftrr a couple of n)inut«s 
wash it ofl', and remove the black stain with cold weak chlorohydric 
acid ; then wash well with warmish water. 


To Clean 8ili>eru>are. — Cut some lemotLS into thick slice;*, and luh ihft 
articles briskly with them ; then put the silverwiire in ;i pan with vh<^ 
slices of lemons, allowing them to stand for two or three hours. 
After that rinse them in clear water, and then stir them about in a pan 
of very hot s'^apsuds. Then rinse them in hot water, <lry Ihem, and 
rub with chamois-skin. ■ 

Or, take an ounce each of cream of tartar niuriate of soda, and alum, 
and boil in a gallon of water for ten minutes. Then put in the piece's 
of plate and boil them for ten minutes. Wipe them sliglitly witli a soft 
linen towel, and rub them dry with chamois-skin. Powdered ma/jnesia 
is also a good polish for silver. 

lo Remove RuM from Knives, Forks', Ruzovk. Etc. — (.'over \\\\\\ sweet 
oil, well rubbed on, and let it remain for forty eight hours; then rib 
with unslaked lime, powdered very fine, until tiie rust dis!>])peatH. 

To Prevent Ru«t on Iron or StM'l. -Take one pint ot fal-oil varnish, 
mi.xed with five pints of highly rectified spirits of lurpentine, and rub 
with a sponge. This varnish may be ..pplied to briglit stoves, and tW'et) 
to mathematical instruments, without hurting liieir delicnte poli>h, and 
they will never contract any spots of rust. 

Stains. — Medicine stains may be removed frxni nlver spcMin* by rub- 
bing them^with a rag dipped in sulphuric acid and wv«hit;i:' it off with 
soapsuds. Stains^may be removed from the hands bv wjt.shing tneni in 
a small quantity of oil of vitrol and cold^^water wiiiKut so.ip. 

To CleMU^Paint. — -^mear it over wiih wjiitiug mixed to tli« co.'iSisterniiy 
of common paste in WHrm water. Rub the surface to be cleaned ((ri-^kly, 
and wash off with pure cold water." Grease spots will in Ibis way he 
almost i!istantly remo\ed, as well as other filth, and 'he ]>aiMt wdl retain 
its brilli.incy and beauty uniKijjaireil. 

To tiocare WooUenPFurti, Ftc.from Mollin. — Carefully shake and brush 
woollens 'early in the sjjring, so as to be certain that no moth eggs are 
in them ; .then sew them up in cotton or linen wnippeis through which 
the motlis cannot eat, i>iitting a piece of gum camphor, tied up in a bit 
of nun. in, into each bundle or into the cliests and closets where the ar- 
licUs are to .'e. Furs should not be hung out in llie sim in lh<; spring 
bi.'lore hiding put away for the season. The moth-miller will be likely to 
visit lh( m wi jn thus e.\po.sed. They should be put in a close box with 
a piece of ca ..plior, ;he bo.x ticl up in a pillow-case or bag. Per- ins(cl jxiwder will also keep the motli flies aw. y 

To Take Out Mil(iric.—M\x sot> soap witii starch powdered, half as 
miicli salt and the juice of a lemon ; lay it on the part on both sides witli 
a painter's brusii. I-et it lie on the grass day and night t»ll the 8taiti 
comes out. 


• Jo Tnhe Greo.^. Out of S/U.^ or S(,i/.f;<.- Take fi luitip oi magnesia and 
nil> it iv(!l «>ver ihe sivot ; Id il dry; tlifii UriiHli ilic |M>wdcr off. and 
tli<.' i<pol will disapiK'ar. Take a vi-iiing or (lihci card"; sepaiau- it, and 
rub tlie spot -with the soil internal part, and it will disappear without 
lakini; tlu' t;loss off thf silk. 

To Take Stains Out of Linens. 

SUil,rii< OauMd by Ariih. — Wet liic part and lay on il sonit' yalt of 
woru)wood ; then rub it, without diliitinu; it with more water; or, let 
the cloth iml)ibe a little water without (U|)ping, and liold the part over a 
lighted match at a due distance; the spot'- will be I'einoved by the sul- 
phufiHis ir;t.>i ; or tie up in the stained part some pcarlasli ; tlien scrape 
some soap into cold .soft water to make a lather, and boil the linen till 
stain disappears. 

8tai,ni< of Wiiir, Fruif.'i, ate,, After I'litii llntc- Been Long in the Idnen,. 
— liuli the |^art on each side with yellow ,'-o;tp ; then lay on a nnxtiire of 
starch in f-old water very thick ; mb it wed in and e.\ the linen to 
the snn and air till the s.ain comes out. If not removed in three or four 
days, lub that otT an<i renew the process. When diy it may be si)rin- 
kletl with a. liitle wattir. 

Afiiuy other stains may be taken out by dippiuu the linen in sour but- 
fi-iii)ilk and drying it in a hot sun. Then wash it in cold water and djj 
it two or three time.s a da^-. 

To TU'vioiv Ori:<i--^e from (.'M/it'ii(/. — -THki- and mix e(pial parts of ethe-r, 
amnKnda and ah'ohMl, and rub into the grease s[)nt, and allow il to evap- 
orate, the giirment having been avcII shaken and brushed before the is apjdied with a H]>onge. 

JIow to l<tk*: Jii,k Oat of lioordn.-- Strong mniialie acid or spirits of 
salts, applied with a piece r)f cloMi ; ai'lerward well washed witli water. 

P(iintin{j Olid Paperiiiy '.in- \)ii*ii (\ci\nt in cnld weather, esiK'cially the 
former, for the wood absorbs the oil of paint uuich more in warm 
weather, .whilein cold weather the oil hardens on the outside, making 
a coal which will prt>teci the wood inst(;ad of soakuig into it. 
. Mu-cilafie --Au.e.xcellent mu<;ilage may \»- made by taking one oimce 
ot gum lrag:u'auth, as nuich corrosive sublimate as will lay on a silver 
five-cent piece ; put in a jar and pour ov(;i' it one (piart of cold soft 
water; let it stand lvventy-f(nir hours, ihen stir and it is ready for use, 
and will keep a lung time. 

7c (.1l.e<ui oiid Ikjliteii ('unc-Kfat (.'halrn ---Turn up the chair botloai 
and with hoi walei- and a si)onge wash th(; cane wcu'k so thai it uuiy be 
thoixjnghly sottked. Should it be dirty use a little soaj). LaX il dry in 


ihe air, and it will be as tigbt niid firm a& wlien new, provided the cane 
be not broken. 

Wall hi,pe7-.---PsipGr can be luude to stick on whitewashed wails I'V 
di-solving glue in gotxl strong vi egjir and washing thetu with the solu- 
tion. Heat till the glue is dissolved and then apply with a brusli. 

Olsanmng Picture Framea.- Hl«ck walnut frames will become dull and 
ru-ty looking. They may be renewed by tirst bnishijig thi^roughly svilh 
a stiff brush to remove dust, and tiien applying pure linseed oil with a 
proper brush ; in the absence of a bnisli a piece of new bleached muslin 
will answer the purpose. 

To Prewni a Lamp from S'l/iokiti;/, soak the wick in vineg i' a id dry it 
well before you use it. 

/ximp (Jhimtiei/H can be i)revenled from crackiug, when exjxjsed to tie 
burning flame, by first placing them in a vessel of cold water and bring- 
ing this to a boil over the fire, then removing the vessel and allowing it 
to cool before taking out the cylinder. 

To Iiem<r(ie Ola,iis StopjyerH.—y^htin \\\{t )^{o\)\'Hi\- of a glass decanter is 
too tight, a cloth wet with hot water and applied to tlie neck will cause 
the glass to expand and the stopper may be removed. In a phial the 
wurintli r)f the finger may be sufficient. 

To Get Rid of Afitx. —Wi\s]\ your shelves down clean, and while ilam|i 
rub fine salt on them quite tlu(tv, and lei it remain on them for a time, 
iind red ants will distipijear. 

To Clf'in Strair .\fi f a /\q.--\VH^\i :is ^eliloni as i)ossible. Imi wiien it 
is necessary to do so use salt and water. Salt pn'Veiits tlie matting 
from turning yellow. Dry as last a.s you wash, and wasli Inii a lit'le 
at a time. 

To f'han fiUitr Rod^—Ww Inirly jiowdered rottens one and sweet Aijl 
to H paste, then nd) it on each rod with a piece of flannel or woollen. 
f'olish with the dry powder of the rotlenstone and a nice leather. 

To (Jit an the Inmkx of Pot,'<, Panx and Kettlea.- Boil in Ihe pot or ket 
tie a little sal-ammoniac for the space of one hour. Be sure to wash out 
a dirty sauce-pan with boiling water just after using. 


Vrencli liretui and b'rrnelt Holl». -"SVw \\\i\ yolks of twelve eggs and the 
whites o eight, beaten and strained, a peck of tine flour and a quart of 
good yeast (but not b Iter), with as much warm milk as will make the 
whole into a thin, light dough ; stir it well, but do not kuead it. i-' 
the dough into ilishes anil .set il to ; thftu turn it into a quick oveii ; 
•when done rasp the loaves. 


Frt-neh colls are made by riibbiag- into every pound of flour an ouace 
of bultiT, out t;gji' beaten, a liule yeast, and sufficient milk to make a 
dough moderately slifl" ; beat it up, but do not knead it. Let it rise, and 
bake in rolls on tins ; when bak<;d, rasp them. 

Flaa Holls. - Waini a bit of butter in half a pint of uiilk ; add to it two 
spooufuU of small beer yeist and some siilt ; with these ingredients mix 
two pounds of Hour ; let it rise an hour and knead it well; form the 
rolls and bake them in a quick oven for twenty minuteij. 

Taa C'«^s.— -These are prepared the same as bread, substituting for 
the water warm milk, with a little butter melted in it and sugar; let it 
rise; knead it into thin (^kes, which bake on an iron plate over the 

Muffiim.— 'Slix in rather more than a pint of milk a little less than a 
gill of yejtsl, into which stir flour to make a thickish batter. Let this 
ilaud lor souu- time before the fire, after which add a sufficiency of flour, 
iQt<; which a good sized piece of butter has been rubbed, to make the 
dough, adding more milk if necessary. Then set the dough before the 
tii'e for, say, half an hour, covering it with a napkin. Roll out the 
dough and cut out the muffins with a shape— the lid of a small pan will 
do, and cook gentlj'. 

Cakes and Cookies. 

Pound 6'«A».--Take of floui, buttei- and powdered sugar, each one 
pound, eight yolks and four whites of eggs, and a few caraway seeds ; 
fli-st heal up the butter to a cream, keep beating it one way, then gradu- 
ally beat in the eggs, sugar and flour. Bake it in a warm oven for an 
hour and a quarter. Cover the sides and bottom of the tin with but- 
tered pay<n-. 

F/08tin^.—A very little cream of tartar in the frosting for a cake will 
hasten the hardening process. If the knife is often dipped into water 
while 8i)reading.the frosting, ii will give a gloss or polish greatly to be 

Cream Cake. --Beat three ounces of butter to a cream, and mix with it 
vory smoothly a half pound of potato flour, a teaspoonful of baking 
p iwder, two tablespoonfuls of sugar, pinch of salt, the rind of a lemon, 
(which hoh been well rolled to soften), sliced very thinly, and a teacup- 
tul of (lotted cream. If a little sour, it improves rather than injures the 
tlavor. This should make a light batter. Place it into a well-oiled dish 
and bake until brown. 

Quean C''f^e^.— Queen cake is made of eight eggs, a quarter of a pound 
of altQoads, a poaiul of butter, a pound of sugar, half a pound of cui- 


rant*, a jinund <>{ fluur. r> ilir whitos of Hic v.srgh io h coul {)lf«r« 
for biilfiin hour. Woi'kllu' huiin to a c'ie;Hra, add sluwlr and gnifi- 
iially 111'' sugar, and mix all. iii-al three, yolks with a tew ^!r()p^ oi'vat- 
fron-waler and put them into the l)iitl<'r; i)eat all tOKether and then aiU 
the currants, tli^ui-. siiicc, nc. Spnnkh' all with sn<4ar and pl:«^'e in a 
shallow liji and hake. 

f:o<-/mnui Voki'. — Four cuptnls ot Horn, two (nii>s of sugar, (»ne cupful 
of milk, five eg*?.**, ontMUiplul oC butter, one f('a«i>ooufui ol'sodji, lW(K>f 
Croani-iartar, onf half of the cocoanut put in the cake, the other half put 
with the whites of three egg- and one hnli'cu])ftd of sugar, and put be- 
tween the layois of cake. Rake in jflly-pans. 

Orange-Ice Cnke. — Tni ei^gs, one poumi of sugar, a luill pound of Hour, 
one large oian^e. I'x'at whites and yolks separately; aiM to ail thf 
yolks and the whites of seven eggs the sugar, the grale<i rliid /f ihe (>r- 
ange. and the juice. liake as tor jelly cake. To the white(< of thr<e 
egg.s allow a pouiul and a ipiMrt(u- of ])owdered sugar, beaten Mill' as lor 
icing ; take out enough to cover the top and set aside ; add to the rest 
hall the grated rind ol a large orange. When the cake i.s nearly cold 
spread this between the layers. Beat into the icing reserved tor the lop 
a lit.tie leuinn-juice, and, if neciicd, nuu'e sugar. It should he sritferthnn 
that spread between the cakes. 

Slarhle (Uike. — For white jiarl ; One cup of buiter three cups of su- 
gar, live cnpK ot flour, a half cup of milk, a half teaspoon ful of sodw, 
whites of eight eggs ; tiavor with lemon. Dai'kpart: A half cup of 
butter, two cu])s of brown sugar, one cup of molasses, one cup oi sour 
milk, four cups of tlour. one tcaspoonful of soda, yolks of eight eggs, 
one whr)le egg, s))ices ol all kinds. I'ui in a pan, first a hiyer of dark, 
then a layer of light, and (inish With a ilark layer. 

Snvic Cnke. — Three-lourlhs of a cup of butter, two cups of Kugar, one 
cup of milk, one cup of corn starch, two cups Hour, one and a half tea- 
.Hpoonfnls of baking-powder; nu.v corn starch, tloiu", and baking-powder 
togellicr ; add the butter and sugar alternately with the milk; lastly udd 
the whiles of seven eggs ; tiavor to taste. 

Slriiinhvrri) Si/ior(^-nkfi.^-i)\\v (piart ol Hour sifted dry, with two large 
teaspoonfuls of baking-powder, one tablespooutui of sugar, and a little 
.salt. Add three table.spooufuls ot butter, and sweet milk enough to form 
a soft dough. r.;d<c in a ipiick oven, and when jjartially cooled split 
opt-n. spread with butler, and cover with a layer of strawberrie-s M'ell 
sprinkli'fl wiih snijnr ; lay lln' otluT half on top and spread in the same 

/W/c«l (hiktM. — '■ Children's p(H;ket cakes " may be made of one pint 
of flour mixeil with the yolk of one egg; .sweeten with a cup of 8*ft 


\nv^t^ mgii flnvor with »ny 1'hv< ritt- fif-asouing — mao:. nutmeg, or 
ciuDdniofl. K<)il ouUiuite thin rtiid cul in fancy shapes. Bake quickly. 

Cookie**. — <>m.' cupiul Now Orleans m-'lasses, half a cuptul ot water, 
hxLf tt tuptiil of ahurfoning (this may Ik* ol butt<.'r or lard or of nice beef 
dripping), one K^aspoon fill each of ginger, cinnamon, and soda Do not 
use cnougu fiour lo make a hard dough, but have it as soft as you can 
utid yet \inve the C4>(tki«ts smooth. 

Oreani. (Jookim are made of one ciipt\il of tsour cream, one cupful of 
butter, iwu cupfulH <jf sugar, two eggs, one teaspoonful of soda, flour 
enough fo make a tiough of medium body, neither a.s Bofl as possible to 
rfjil nor a^ haul. The.'* may be rolled thin, and will be light and rich. 
Bake in a quick oven. 

Ckiti-aea.l Cookies combine many good qualtities, and will be relished by 
children. Make them just like an ordinary sugar cooky, using two-thirds 
owtDieal and one-third wheat flour. 

No-Egg Cookies — One cup of butter, one of milk, two of sugar, half a 
U-A8pounful of l>icarbonate of soda, halfa teaspoonful of cinnamon or 
nutmeg, with flour enough to roll. 

Coi-canut Jumbles. — V'ery nice little cakes are made of two cups of su- 
gar, o\W: cup <»1 butler, two eggs, and a large cup of grated cocoanut, mix- 
ad with enough flour to make a dough that can be rolled. Use fancy- 
cullers of various shapes, and bake in a very hot oven. 

Soft Gitujrrhfead. — Excellent soft gingerbread is made of one cup of su- 
gar, one cup of butler, one cup of sour cream, one cup of New Orleaiig 
molttW*es, four cups of sifted flour one tablespoonful of ginger three well, 
beaten eggs, the rind grated of one lemon. Raisins may be added it" you 

A G'XhI Cftsap Cake. — A pound and a halfof flour,a quarter of a pound 
of butter, three-quarters of a pound of raisins, a quarter of a pound of 
of jiugar, one eggs, a teasp(K>nful of carbonate of soda, and halfa pint of 
milk — The. milk to l>e made warm and the soda dissolved in it. Mix all 
well together, and bake in a slow oven. 

Beed Cakes. —Take one pound of egg^ (b generally makes a pound), 
one pound of crashed lump-sugar, and one pound of flour; mix well to- 
gether for half an hour or more, and add carawav seeds. Have a dish 
well grease<3— any shape that may be required; put the mixture in and 
bake in a m<xlerateoven. 

FamiUf Cahe. — Take two jxnuids of flour, half a pound of currants, 
half a iKJund of butter or lard, a quarter of a pwund of sugar, four scrup- 
les of tartaric acid (half an (»unce will be sufficient for three cakes), n 
quarter of an ounce of carbonate of soda, three eggs, a little lemon peel 


(nr '^O drops ()) I'sseiK-c ol li'inon), niti! jiiid imtineg. 3[ix wiUi tuilf a 
pint nf milk. 

To Icf Oak*'. — Take :il)uul ;i pound ami ii hallot doultle-reflned siii>t)r. 
beat il in !i niorter and silt it ilinMij;li a lawn sieve; when the whole is 
' sifted Ihiongh mix with il, in a very clean pan, the whites of tour hirge 
or five siuall c^lis, and stir well fof Jialf an hour with a wooden spoon 
adding bv a little at a lime, the Juice of a lemon. When done, Bmooth 
U over the ifVp anil the sides of the r;d<cs, and dry them before the fire ;»• 
at tlu' mouth ot an oven. 

Uingev (Jakes. — Ih'cak tliiee eu.uj into a basin; beat ihem well, and add 
half a pint of cream, which niiist also be well beaten with them, and the 
whole pnt into a saiice-pan over the tire, to be stired till it g-els- warm. 
Then add a i)oiind of bnttcr, wilh half a povmd of loaf-sugar and two 
ouiure-s and a half of finger, both powdered, carefully stirring the differ- 
ent ingredients togelher over a very modeiate fire, suflicient to melt t\\\ 
the butter. This being done, pour it into two pounds of w'healeiie<l 
tloiu' (fine), and make il into a gomi pasU'. Roll it out, without any 
tlour beneath on the dresser, of whatever thickness may be tliougiit 

(loin moil Siioiiffi' <-aki'. — Take half a d()/en eggs and as nuich ])owder- 
ed und sifted loaf-sugar as the eggs will weigh, and twice theii- weight of 
I)e8t flour. Jieai up the yolks and whites of Iheeggs soperately; then add 
the sugar to the yolks (nu.xingol' course), thenstir in the flour, andipiick 
ly add the whiles, well whisked. F»eal the wh ile up thoroughly and 
smartly, and l)ake briskly in one or several tins lined with well-butfeied 
paper. Sei' thai your eggs an; fresh. 'I'lie sponge dough may of course 
be enriched with a little cream, and more sugar may be used, ami eggs 
in |)roportion. Ibush the tup ol ilie cake with white ot egg and dnst 
with i^iigar. 

Tea G<ik^.'--T;\kv, s;\\. tw<i jxiumls of tloiir or as much a.s you need, 
which rub lighily into half a pound of butler; add caraway seed, a little 
HllHpici', and hall'a pound of sifted sugar. .Mix with the flour, and make 
the whole into a light dotigh with a pint of milk to which ha-s been add- 
ed an eggcupful of yeasl. Place the whole in a tin, buttered or papered 
and th<;n l(!i it stand licfnri' llic lire tor twenty minutes to rise. IJake tor 
about two hours. 

IHuin Ijiikf,. — Taking the above as a basis, make it as large and rich 
as you like, adding currants, raisins, and a little syrup and preserved 
lemon-peel and a pinch of powdered ginger. All kinds of fancy cakes 
•an be made from the abovt' as a toundatiou. 



Tlie qiiHiity of pic-criist clryicuds nuicli on the baking. If tliu oven be 
loo hot, thepaste, besides hcini;- liuincd will fall ; if too slack, it will be 
soddencd. and foiisoqueiitly h(';iv\. 

Paste should be m;u!e on a cold, sinnoth sul)slance, such as marble or 
slate, with a light, cool Ijand. li should be made quickly: much hand 
linj^' iiiakes it heavy. Great nicety is reijuind in vvctting the paste, too 
Htile moist UV' rcndeiinii it dry and crumbly, whih^ loo much mak sit 
touji'h :uid heavy : and in cither case ihc pHsie caiuiot Ite ca-sily worked. 
Practice aUme can |>roduce perfection in lliis art. 

•• Before commencing to make* paste for i)ie-s or puddings it isuecessaiy 
to idace near at hand everylhine likely t<r be wanted, to inspect all the 
iilei.iHils, to prepare all the iiiiiredicnls. and, thouLih last, not least., to 
Wash the hands and nails pcittclly clean, for the hands are the best tools 
to make paste with. 

• Always use good sweet butter or lard I r pic or pudding crust. Some 
persons entertain the mistaken notion thai luittcr which cannot be eaten 
oil bread will d(» very well tor paste ; on liie eoiitiary, the baking or 
b(.4Iing of rancid fat inci'eases the bad ilavor. It is a good plan to 
the butler in (dean spruig watpr 1>pf'nre usingit. 3Iake two or. three hokis 
with a fork in the cover of your [)ies, that the steam ma_v escape. 

■Puff Pu.ste. — \\n\) -.i quailerofa pound of l)ullei' into half a quartern 
of floiu' very tine ; make il up. into a lig .1 paste, using as little cold 
W;4;t';r as you can work it up with ; llu?n roll it out about a ([Uarler of an 
inch thick, jmU a. layer of butter -all over, si)riidvle on a little tiour, dou- 
ble it up and roll i oul again ; doulde and roll il out thus four f>r five 
time.s, using another half pound of butti'r; then il will be til foi' any 
pies or tarts ihal require pull' paste. 

■ A very good and more economical crust ff)r pies. may be made in. the 
following fashion: 'i'ake two cups of Hour, t>ue of lard, one of wal«r, 
tu'o leasjvooiituls of sail. Have your lloui- i'l your i)astry-bowl; chop in 
the lard, dri|) in the water, using tlie end (-(f your .knife det'th:,. so. as to. 
Ombine the thpur and water inlo tinkes, not dough. Turn the mi.xture 
out npon a pie-board; press it gently with your rolling-pin, turning it 
o^er and e)ver \mtil it forms a roil; cut this aero>s ais you wish to use it. 
Should you ]>refer, you can use part ijutler, pail lard. 

Apple Pie.— 3Iake a putt'-|)a.ste crust or o c sncii as is given in the re- 
ceipt just above; lay some round the --ides of the dish; pare and f|uart<T 
the apples und take oet the core; lay a row of apples thick at the b ttom 
of the di.sli, with half the sugar you intend lor the |)ie, a little minced 
lemon-peel, a little of the jnicr, and iwo oi- three cloves <n- a little cinna- 


mon; then the mst of th»' applies and sujfar; sq>ice/,e in a tittl*- m»n Iftm- 
on-jiiico. and have ready the [k-cIs and cores of the anpie^; boiled in NOtn^' 
sugar in very little water and strained; pour the liqii<)r into the pie xnd 
put on the npp<^r crust. It should be baked very pale. Put. no cup in 
the dish when you niake apple pie. The flavor of a (piiiice Viill ^tfreaitj 
improve it- 

Apple Pic {exr€ll^().—Vi^(i Hhode Island Greeniujfs; peel, eore aiKl quar- 
l«^rthein. Fill the pie-di^h with alternate layer of apple, sn|^\r. a k-*- 
verv small liit8 of butler, and grated nutmeg. Hound ihf edge, of the 
dish lay nn edge of pastry, and over the whole put a covi-r ofgorKl, flaky 
pie paste. Some cooks put in water but thi^ >]>oiW it FVe^s thr 
edscf. so that no juice will escape, and bake a light brown; ■, aithe same 
flay it is baked. Peach pies are something tf) dream of when pinehef 
arc fresh and can be put in whole, thickly covcn-d with >,ugar a d 
baked quickly, with an upper crust only. No spice is nw?ded. Ttie 
stones, in which the pits are enshrinetl. tiavor them sufticietitly. pro-vided 
the pea(;hes are the rich yellow-li.i.->hed variety an they sljould Ik?. 

0pm lartx.—Liac your dishes with thin, light paste, fill in with pre* 
fierved fruits or jam, and lay strips of paste across in Mnnn> ordiamondf • 
A abort time will bake them 

.)f/rt^<j /-'?««. -Take equal weights of tender roa>i ht-i-f. suet, cufrflnt*, 
raisins, atui apples which havf been ptcvionsly p.n>-(! and cort^d. witli 
half their weight of soft .sugar, rme ounce of (inwderMl ciniutinorij ;ui 
equal (piantity of candit-d orangf and kunon peel an 1 <Miron, a little saJt, 
and twelve bittiir ahnonds blancht^i and grat^-d. Chop ilie nujat and 
the Fuel and pick the currants ; .-".tone t\)v raisins Hiid 
chop th''m with the pt^il ; and iiaving minced all thf ingrt^dit nti- very line 
-.mix them tffgcther, adding nutmeg iiratcd mv] thv juice of a lemon. A 
glasH or two of wine or apirit greatly improves it. Line yf)ur dish or 
pHttyi»ans with puff paste ; till witb the minc«, cover, and pinch the 
ed;;eH logither. Hake for half an hour. Many pcrsortw makes the mince 
without the meat. 

Lf.mon Pie. — Moisten a heaping tablespoontul of corn starch with a 
little cold water, and add a cupful i>i boiling water : stir the mi.xture and 
allow it to boil. Add a cupful of sugar and a tea-spoonful of builer ; re- 
move from the fire, and when slightly cooled add u well beateii egg and 
the juice and grat<Hl rind of one hinon. 

J^muphin Pie — Pare a small pumpkin and take out the sfwk*. HI<''W 
it ruth'T dry and atruiii through a colander; add three egg-s, two quartu 
of milk, and tliree lablCiipooutuU uf mola.>vScs ; sweeten wilJj sn^ar to 
uiste ; a«his>on with two table.«puotiluls ol grt»Uiid (.mii-««iott. uui* of jJ-^u^w 
aud two of wdt. 

:fj^i^t III. 

Consisting of History and Description of Washing- 
ton, Hackettstown, Belvidere, Phillipsburg 
and each of the Townships in Warren 
County, together with names of 
the residents, occui^ation 
and post-office. 



■ II I- .1 . Ii,.i iiiuit.- irlv ..I w liii'li li. i.~ Uii- i-liiil cvi'i-utlM' olliii I. Kill i\i-i\ liiiil.v is i\i-'|iiaiiiti'd 
Willi WHKliiM^toii, •*!. nil liiiiri' iiird lir sjiid. Miivor Ciiiiiisli wms lioiii In MiiiitcM'diiii ('niiiit.v, in the 
Vfiir IKW. wIhti- 111" fiitliiT iiriil ^fr.iiiclf.'ithci' wci-o cinfiitri'd cxti'TisiM'lv in iiicrrMnlilc liiisiiicss. He 
«».s M'lil tilth-' K.ixtiiii l'.ii><iiiisM I'nMi'^rr. w liiTc' 111' ^radiiiilt'rl with liij^li lumors. Ili' has l?ot'ii a n-s- 
idftit in Wit shi null. II loi lii mm is. niid li.r fi yen is lias Ix rii tlir pailni'i- witli his latlicr ii x Senator 
< iniiiHh) hi Mil' < n^iiii .iinl I'iaiiii niaiiiil'ai'liiriiiK liusinrss in llial cilv. Asa Imsiiirss man he is 
jietlvc, eiHiyftie Mild pi i •nil it. always lieiiiK rimiiil at his iillier tinni early ii'iini until lale at iii).'hl. 
Ill the Sprliiif "if ISXI, when not .'li years nt aife. he was eleeleil Mayor of (he city liy 2.i m.-vjority 
iiTter a lno^l exeilin^r I'milesl. and so popular and satisl'aelory was Ids ad minis! ration of the oftiee 
tinit at the next i leelion he was re ehoseii without opiiosition the tirst lime Ihal >ueli an honor 
hiiK heeii eonferred on one of its eiti/ens siiiee the eit_N' was ineorporated. He is a eonspieiir>iis .^fa- 
•oii, II iiii'iiilier of the lieMoliiy <'oniniaiMlei> . Knitjhts'l'einiilar ; a heliever in and advocate of Odfl 
Kellow«liip : a I'list Iiietator of the Kni)fhts and Ladies of tile Coldeii Star ; a ineinlier of the Amsr- 
ieiiii I,e;ti"n of Honor. Hliil of the lied Men drder." Kditorial from the New York World. 



\^, HE History of Washington might begin witli s period long before 
the Palefaces came thither, could vi'e place impliciti reliance upon 
Indian traditions. These give us an account of fierce stniggles 
that took place for supremacy, as three tribes, one after the other lield 
the territory hereabouts. These traditions of warfare are attested by 
the many arrow-heads and spear-points found in our soil ; yet we will 
content ourselves with a more recent date for a beginning. Passing 
over the time when this spot of earth was under the sway of the propri- 
etors of one of the Jerseys — past the time when the two .lerseys were 
merged in one colony, ruled over by tlie Governor of New York, we be- 
gin at 1694 when a colony with a Governor of its own appointed bj' 
the Mother Country an act was passed by the English Parliment con- 
firming the boundaries of the eight counties into whicr. New Jersey was 
then divided. This then was a part of Burlington County, but in 1714 
the new County of Hunterdon was carved out of Burlington for the con- 
venience of the early settlers who found the County Seat too far off to 
be readily accessible. From Hunterdon county, in 1738, Morris county 
was set apart, and again in 1753 Sussex county, and finally in 1824 War- 
ren county was made from a portion of Sussex. This was a part of 
Mansfield township until 1849, when the town of Washington was set 
aside, and that again divided in 1868, when a mile square was made into 
the Borough of Washington. 

. Port Golden was chosen as the site for a city, but the fates ruled 
otherwise, and it is now content to be a pretty suburb of its lucky sister. 
It will be frf>m gross neglect of its opportunities if Washington does 
not grow into a city of many thousands. The beauty of its location, 
the healthful climate, the rich surrounding country, the facilities for 
transportation, all make it likely that it has a future. But the historian 
must not stop his work to prophesy. 


The first we hear of white folks ;it lliis phiee was a cry tor preach- 
ing, and to this day it is a ehurch-ftoing: people tliat live here. 1740 an 
application was made to Presbytery " tor supplies of preaching in Mr. 
Barber's neighborhood, Muscannekuuk," in response to which appeal 
the Presbytery erected a log building on the hill, by what is now known 
as the old cemetery; this being at first called " the Barber Neighbor- 
hood Church," the first pastor being an Irishman named McCrea. He 
had no parsonage here, his home being on the saddle, whence he could 
overlook the various charges committed to him in the wilderness we now 
know as the garden section of New Jersey. His sister was murdered 
by Indians at the Fort Edward massacre. New York State, during the 
Revolutionary war. His successor was an Irishman, as also was the 
third pastor, llev. John Rosburgh, who left his charge to join the Rev- 
olutionary army as chai)lain, to meet his death at the battle Assunpink, 
a few d:iys al'tcjr the battle of Trenton. 

At a date unknown the church was re-christened, being known 
thereafter as the "Mansfield wood-house fhurch"; a name it retained 
even after the erection of a stone edifice upon the same site. Upon the 
church records, 1790, is entered a rule that each pew-holder should fur- 
nish a bushel of wheat per annum to the man wlio cared for the building 
and built tires in the winter. The gradual growth of Washington may 
best be shown by continuing its Church history. 1822 the church was 
again re-named and hencelbrlh called the Mansfield Presbyterian Church. 
1837 a new building being found necessary, a struggle ensued as to 
whether it should be upon the old site or down the hill where the town 
was growing. Those who were disappointed in the removal of the 
church withdrew fron\ the society and organized a new church at 
Hampton, now known as the Valley Church. It was finally decided to 
move, and a brick church erected that was destroyed 1863, upon the 
ruins of which the i)reseul handsome edifice was built. Not until 1877 
was the present name given of "First Presbyterian Church of Wash- 

The M. E. Church had its beginning in the barn of Al)ruhani 
Woolsloii, Port Coldcii, 1810. Alter many removals (once to Karrs- 
ville) it was strong cnouiili, in 1.S23, to build a house of worship, and 
slirewdly it was decideil to build at Washington. Col. McCullough and 
his son-in-law, Maj. llankinson who were largely instrumental in 
building up the village, were recent converts when the church was l)uilt 
and through ihem the building was made possible. 18.-)() the cliurch 
was rebuilt in brick. In IHfM il was gicatly enlarged, and furlher 
improvcmcnls have since been niaile. 

The. Epi.scopalians having made .several alleinpts to locale, son, e- 
iimc>- at I'ort ('olden, sometimes in Washington, ut last eft'ectod a i>cr- 


■ awueuL lodgment, aiul many years of struggle witli alternate success anil 
failure were finally crowned by the erection of a cliapel on Broad street, 

St. Josepli's K. C Church was erected 1872; the congregation hav- 
ing previously met at i)rivHte for several years. 

The Baptists do not api)ear to have made any effort in this portion 
of the vineyard until about 1881. Discouragements that would have 
daunted less persevering souls met their first efforts, but tiiey succeeded 
.'in erecting a ' little church around the C(n-ner", 1886. 

The colored people were 20 years getting together material for a 
.congregation, but 1882 their church on the bank of the canal was ded- 
icated, to their great delight. 

The first school-house of which we can learn was a los: buildins 
erected prior to the Hevolutionary war, in which the birch was swung 
until the beginning of the present century. Various private and public 
schools flourished until the present fine brick structure was built, 1873, 
at a cost of $04,000; enlarged 1886. at a cost of |4,500. 

The earliest tavern stood upon the hill close by the log church. 
-Afterward one was built at the corner where now stands the Windsor 
Bouse, or at whjit was then called Washington Crossroads. Why so 
-called is doubtful, for despite the legend that Washington once drank 
•at the well opposite the St. Cloud Hotel, it is almost certain that Wash- 
ington never enjoyed the privilege of visiting this region. Other inns at 
^n early date were located, one where Elisha Biud's block now is; 
another the stone house now occupied by Prof. J. M. Rosenberry on 
Broad street; another where John T. Langstafi' resides — that build- 
ing being, with one e.vception, the oldest building in the borough. 
Priorto 1811 there were no buildings within the present borough lim- 
iits of a better nature than log-huts, but that year Col. McCuUough 
*uilt the brick house now occupied by Dr. J. S. Cook. 

The first postofRce was opened 1814, under the name of Mansfield, 
with Jolin L. Robbius as postmaster. He had so little to do, with the 
few letters and fewer newspapers that came into his hands, that he com- 
bined with his postofRce a harness and shoe store. From that date to 
1886 there have been 2.~» postmasters, .lust before 188o the business of 
nhe office had so greatly increased that but two postoflices in tlie State- 
Newark and Jersey City — turned in as mirch revenue to the Postoftia- 

A stranger in VVasliington will notice as a peculiar feature that it 
looks as if recently built. Out West that seems a matter of course, but 
in Jersey one expects to see new and old side by side. The fact is that 
Washington has only recently begun to grow. Our townsman, J. V. 
Creveling, Esq., still m his prime, when a boy ploughed ground that 


had never before been cnllivated, in the limits of what is now known 8J« 
Washington borough. Another of our justices of peace, A. B. Stewarts 
Esq., to call whom an ol I man would be a dangerous experiment, is al- 
most a founder of the present village. 1857 he purchased a farm, cut ii 
up into lots, on which are now built a large part < 1 the borough dwell- 
ings. It is a hazardous task to try to give the names and exploits of the 
early citizens of Washington, as one is sure to omit names that ought to 
be given prominence. But a very brief roll of honor may be presented 
without claiming lo have it complete. The McCulloughs, Hankinsons,, 
Laceys, Van Horns, VanNattas, '"revelings, Ruslings, .-hrrjpes, Rob- 
bins, .Johnstons, Drakes, Henrys, Beavers, Davis, Hughs, Van Dorens, 
and many others whose acts deserve to be chronicled; 

It is pleasant lo know that in the Revolutionary war this section of" 
Jersey had few Tories and furnished many good soldiers, and lo remem-. 
ber that in the late Civil war Washington sent its full share of Boys in 
Blue to fight for the flag. 

Long before Washington had factories it had a distillery that has 
disappeared, and it is worthy of notice that there is not as much drink- 
ing now as when Washington was a little cross-road hamlet. 

Its indu.stries have been the tannery, the carriage shops the boat, 
yard and the organ factories, by which the town has been made known. 
Ihrougliout the world, and finally the shoe factory started 1884. In the 
manufacture ol organs, Robert Hornbaker was the pioneei'. though 
John A. Smith, and after him, H. K. White, made melodeons here 
before Among the organ makers who have made Washington famous 
have been Hornbaker, McMurlrie, Plotts, Dawes, Wyckoflf, Alleger,. 
Bowlby, Kennedy, Beatty, Cornish, Cole, Cieveling, VanDoren, 
Herrick and others whose names we cannot just now recall. Of all. 
these Beatty has undoubtedly made the most noise in the world. His 
career reads like a tale of j\Iunchausen. In ten years, starting a penni- 
less boy, he built up a business of large proportions, turning out 1800' 
organs per month, spending $400,000 per annnm in advertising, but hi?, 
rapid onward progress was in a moment checked by disaster. The bub- 
ble burst and his wonderful prosperity gave way to sudden ruin, and 
the wonder changed from ' ' how could he acheive success so great in so 
short a time," to "how could he become so involved in embarrasments.'" 
It was a modern " rise and fall of the Roman Empire," in one short 
chapter, and fiction has no parallel for so unique a career as his. Every- 
body hopes he may yet succeed in retrieving his fortune. He is young 
and plucky and having made a start again may once more astonish the 

Cornish, Alleger and Bowlby, though moving on more slowl}*, have 
surely advanced and are giving employment to many men, and are 
yearly increasing their business. 


Tlie shoe factory seems iu a fair way to be a ilecided success. 

Of corporations, llie First National Bank, organized 1864, and the 
Washin<iton Water Compans', organized 1881, are both in a flourishing 
condition, their stock much above par, and stockholders happj- with 
regular dividends. The Washington Building Loan Association, started 
1870, was not the succ<-ss its promoters anticipated, yet it has made 
money for such as held on to their stock with the gri]:) of grim despair. 

Washington has had excellent musical organizations. The old brass 
hand won laurels upon many a field and prizes when it competed for 
them. The orchestra was an unusually fine one until, as with the band, 
its members were scattered, and could no longer meet together. 18G0, 
two militia companies sprang suddenly into existence, rivalry was in- 
tense between them. Real wai* came soon after, and men from both 
companies enlisted, forming a company that went to the front; as a 
result, both of the original companies were disbanded. About 20 years 
later the same thing again happened. Two rival companies were almost 
simultaneously raised, between whom much feeling existed. They were 
speedily equipped and uniformed, but both ([uickly disbanded, why, 
" no fellow could ever find out." 

Washington has always been a great place to start new societies 
and the graveyard is full of such, over the graves of some of which the 
epitaph sliouM be written : 

" If I was so soon to be done for, 
Why was I ever begun for." 

Some have died and been resurrected, but of tho-e who have died 
to live no more have been — Knights of Pythias, Good Templars, 
" Young Men's Christian Association," " Emerson Glee Club," Wash- 
ington Lecture Association, " Sons of Temperance," "Washington 
Reform Club." 

The earliest sf)ciety of all has been the most prosperous, though 
oven it had a period of several j-ears' slumber that seemed like death. 
1814, Mansfield Lodge :J1, F. Sz A. M., was instituted; after ten years 
it became inoperative and forfeited its charter. It was resuscitated l8o.5 
ns Mansfield Lodge :i{i, F. Sc A. M. Temple Chapter 13, R. A. M., was 
instituted at Phillipsburg, 1860, and removed to Washington, l^Go. 
Washington Council 7, R. A: S. M., was instituted 1860. DeMoIay 
Commandery 6, Iv. T., was instituted 1S67. It is said that no place 
of its si/e in New .Jersey has as good opi)ortunitics for tiiose who vvisli 
to go through the various degrees of masonry. Mansfield Lodge 42, 
I. O. O. P., was instituted 1846. Hero Encampment 42, I. O. O. F. 
Lil)erly Council, O. U. A. M., 15, was instituted 1866. Warren Council 
16, .Jr O. U. A. M., was instituted 1868, but atter a t-imc lapsed, and 


•was re-instituted as Warren Council 16, Jr. O. U. A. M., I880. Post ^ 
ilfnrylJO, (i. A. li , was Drganized 1870, but after nearl}' ten years of , 
lite surrendered its charter, .lohn F. Reynolds Post OG, G. A. R., was 
organized 1882, and is now in a tlourisiiing condition. In point of 
finances tlje Masonic order is the most prosperous, next tp which tL& 
Odd Fellows, and ilicn the Order I idled American Mechanics. 

The Woman's Clirislian Te)ni)erauce Union was started 1870. and, 
■waxes stronger tiom year to year. 

The Red !Men organized in force some years ago, but faded before 
the Pale Faces, but 1886, the Ute Tribe 80, I. O. R. M., camped here 
as if they had Cv,nie to stay. 

Washington Lodge 5, K. i.^: L. ot the G. S., and ^lusconetcong Coun- 
cil 1036, Ameiican Legion of Honor, have both tiourished since 1884. 

The youngest order in our Borough is that of llie Knights of. 
Labor. The Band of Hope has for several years drilled the children tor 
the ranks of Teini)erance. Wliile tender youths of the masculine gender 
are banded in a secret society of their own getting up and go about wear- 
ing the mysterious ])adge E. The Sons of Temperance may be ex- 
jiected back in force, as they come every once in a while, like a comet, 
having befu orgainzed 1862. 1869 and 1886, the last time existing only 
a few months. 

One thing above all else is remarkable in Washington: The ab- 
sence of family, neighorhood and church nuarrel^ But why should peo- 
ple quarrel whose surroundings are so delightful. May the Borougk., 
long flourish, and its citizens be ever happy. 

Wasliington has a population of about 8,000, and the present officers ■ 
ol the village are : Mayor, Johnston Cornish; Clerk, John Cushing; 
Assessor, Wm. P. Milroy ; Collector, John C. Weller ; Overseer of. 
Poor, Abram Bescherer ; Town Attorney, John JVL Van Dyke ; Polio 
and Constable, J. C. Thompson ; (^ouncilmen, ^Mansfield Beatty, Chaile 
Baker. H.H.Crocker, N. Dilts, Jr., J.T.Johnson, J. H. Trimmer ; 
Street (/ommissiouer, Daniel Vanderbill. 

Washington Business Directory. 

H. VV. AUeger, organs 

E. W. Allpger & Son, lumber and building material 
Joseph Adams, Brass Castle, general store 

F. A. Bowlby. clothing. &:c 

Wm. M. Biii'd. physician and snrg'-on 
Bescherei' Sisters, millinery and fancy 2:oods 

FELII&LEINlNdER, ■'°":^°i^t'^U°°:^l' "■ FURNITURE. 

C. C. Bowers, groceries and provisions 

L. H. Bowlby, boot and shoemaker 

J. T. Bowers, dealer in boots and shoes 

Cornish & Co., pianos and organs 

J. K. Cooke, dealer in dry goods, groceries, &c 

Creveling & Co., dealers in dry goods, groceries, &c 

Henry Cummins, dealer in dry goods, groceries, &c 

Mark Cyphers, merchant tailor 

F. M. Cook, physician and surgeon 

J. Fitts &: Son, furniture and undertaking 

John Fagan. private boarding house 

Charles Force, marble yard 

Dr. J. R. Gibbs. dentist 

Groff & Co., dry goods, groceries, &gHn'l merchandise 

Thomas V. Gordon, original manufacturer of the 

Gordon Rockers 
John M. Huff, l)arber, &:c 

Hani|)ton & Oherly. millinery and fancy goods 
S. W. Berrick, manufacturer of Herrick's adjustable- 

Atuerican organ 


SELL THE BEST $1.00 AND $1 2.5 KID 

Hoiisenirnisliiiigr ciooils generally. The Best IT M XTflDrniVT'C tlocitmi Dfj 
Goods for the Least Money at lli M. iNUulUn 0, JJClMUll. id. 


Hampton &: McKinney, dealers in groceries and pro- 
Oscar -lelfery, attorney-at law 

Kdwanl Jennings, paint and ornnniental slate roofer 
Johnston's tSons hardware, plnnibing, &c 
Kiniieman Brorhers, Brass Castle, Hour and feed 
J. IT. MattisDn. private boarding house 
J. E. Mvers, meat market 
Mike Meahre, livery and sale stable 
(Jharles Miller, dealer in jewelry, &:g 
F. P. McMinstry, M. l.)., physician and surgeon 
E. P. McCann, boot and shoemaker 
James Nolan, prop'r Washington House 
Phila. Shoe Manuf. Co., manufactuies bo(>ts and shoes 
Wm. B. Pool, meat market 
Daniel Pittingpr, furniture, &c 
Prof. J. L. Roseenbery, music teacher 
Washington Review, one dollar per year in advance 
J. K. Risler, dining rooms and restaurant 


Miss K. M. Shields, bakery and confectionery 

Wm. Stites, M. I),, physician and surgeon 

Wm. A. Stryker, atforney-at-law 

Washington Star, one dollar and a half a year in ad 

h. Ct. Sndth, harness and collar maker 

C. F. Staates, prop'r of St Cloud Hotel 

VV^m. VI. Stii-es, clock and watcTiniakpr. box 210 

S. S. Teel, X)hotograpliHr 


Good work at reaaouablc prices aiul siitisfactioii guai'anteed. 

Thatcher A: Wandling, gi-oct-'i'ies and provisions 
F. M. LVhlnin, bakeiy and coufpcrioner 
Warrnn (Jounty DiMig Store, drugs, l)(t<)ks. etc 
John Williamson, restaurant 
D. V. Wyckoft", grain merchant 


at W.\I)K miOrt.'. Uackeltsu>wii. >. .J. 

Lodges in Washington. 

MANSFIELD LODGE, No. 36, A. F. & A.M. — Stated com- 
munications, 1st and 3rd Thursdays in each month. Ma- 
sonic H\ll, Washington. Secretary, J. E. Fulper, Wasb- 

i^^'.ou, X. J. 

TEMPLE CHAPTER. No. 12, R. A. M. Stated convocations, 
2nd Tuesday in each month. Masonic Hall, Washington. 
Secretary, J. E. Fulper, Washington, N. J. 

WASHINGTON COUNCIL, No. 7, Royal and Select Masters. 
— Stated assemblies, 3rd Friday in each month. Masonic 
Hall, Washington. Recorder, J. E. Fulper, Washington, 
New Jersey. 

DtMOLAY COMMANDERY, No. 6, K. T.— Stated conclaves, 
2nd and 4th Wednesdays in each month. Masonic Hall, 
Washington. Recorder, S. Grotf, W^ashington, N. J, 

WARREN COUNCIL, No. 16, Jr. O. U. A. M.— Meetings, 
evfry Monday evening. Shields' Hall, Washington. Sec- 
retary, Lucien Slii'ope, Washington, N. J. 

WASHINGTON LODGE, No. 5. K. & L. of the G. S.— Stated 
meetings, 1st and 3rd Friday in each month. Mechanics 
Plali, Washington. Secj-ctary, W. E. Jennings', Washing- 
ton, N. J. 

LIBERTY COUNCIL, No. 15, O. U. A. M.— Meeting every 
Tuesday evening in Mechanics Hall, Washington. Sec- 
retary, W. E. Jennings Washington, N. J. 

HERO ENCAMPMENT, No. 42, L O. O. F.— Meets 2d and 
4th Thursday evenings of each month, in Odd Fellows' Hall, 
Washington, Scribe, Thomas Tayburn, Washington, N. J. 

MANSFIELD LODGE, No. 42, L O. O. F.— Meets every Sat- 
urday evening in Odd Fellows' Hall, Washington, Secre- 
tary,"^ T. H. Guhck, Washington. N. J. 

MUSCONETCONG COUNCIL, No. 1036, American Legion 
of Honor. — Meets every 2nd and 4th Monday evenings 
in each month, at 8 o'clock. Secretary, Miner F. Baty, 
Washington, N. J. 

JOHN F. REYNOLDS POST, No. 66, G A. R. — Meets 1st 
and 3rd Monday e\enings of each month. (Froni July 
1st to October 1st only on 1st Monday in each month.) 
Mechanics Hall. Adjutant, J. T. Laugstaff, \^'a8h^lgton, 

UTE TRIBE, No. 80, I. O. R. M.— Meetings every Friday 
evening. Shields' Hall. Keeper of Records, Jos. B. 
Hampton, Washington, N. J, 

JULY, 1878, 

E. B. Webb came from New York City, nnd with 

Geo. H. Hastings bought from W. H. Gooditlt- his 

stt)ck and fixtures in the Drug Store fni'inetly owned 

})y D)'. Jennings. 

At once renovating the store inside and out, and 

l)utting in duu))le the stock it had when he took it, 

hp set ii.ntiently to w^ork building up n trade. By 

persistent advertising in various ways he soon made 

the name he had given to his business— "The Warren 

County Drug Storn" — well known in every corner of 

the county. Marcli. 1884, he bor.glit outthe in*"er^>st 

of Mr. Hastings, aiid has since had sole control. It 

is no exaggeration to say that his stock is complete 

in thf line of Drugs, Paints. Oils, I'ooks, Stationery, 

Fishing Tackle, Pictures and Frames. Everybody- is 

invited, all are welcome to the Warren County Drug 



Washington Borough. 

Alleser E. W- biiildei- imd < ontractor, residence cor 

Si'h'H)! ;ind Church, factory Jji-oiid 
All-iivi" -^- ^V., wood carve)-, Church 
Al eii-r Wtii. F.. mechani<-, Church 
Alh'^er Willard, builder and courrMctor, Broad 
Allen Win., hjborer. Cpuietei-y Hill 
Allen Anilrew, laborer, Mai)1e 
Aiimier.'iian Chas. S , clerk, Belvidere ave 
Alienor H. W., ort^un manufacturer, res Church, 

lactory Broad 
Andrews- George, laborer, Cornish alley 
Andrews Benjamin, lab(jrer. New 
Andrews Wm.. laborer, New 
Andrews Abraham, laborer, Cornish alley 

Andrews Geo H.. gardener, Broad 
Andrews Wm., wood finisher, Belvidere ave 
Anderson Wm. E., RR. brakeman, Washington ave 
Anderson J. M., mechanic, Washington ave 
Anderson Wm. H., laborer, New 
x\!nler.>- >n James M., laborei-. New 
AuiTMrd Paul, ovg.:n Iniilder, Belvidere ave 
Albert Wm.. RK. bjakefian. Hornbaker 
Adams J'hn, mechnic. Br<»ad 
Ad iijis Archibald, lal)»»iv)', Npw 
Adams Geo., laboier. New 
Addis. Sam'l A., laborer, New 
Beatry Lewis <J . oouitry fancier, Vannatta 
B»-;!t^y Mansfield, salesman, Washington ave 
Beatry Hibhard. m-chanic, Washington ave 
B'^arrv AVellington, ,-hoemaker, Windsor House 
Baker Ch:\<- L . RR. engineer. Jane 
Bowers S. P , maiinl'actnrer, Belvidere ave 
Bowers .]. 'P.. merchant, residence Broad, store Wash- 
ington ave 

iUnDCU/O lini C '205 NortUHmpion St., Eastou. Pa. The 
AnUnLWo Ot nULr, Largest line -f DRESS TRIMMINGS etc. 

H M l^nPTilN ^^^ l»;s.ile ail 1 retail detler iu^rlware,, H-.-.tte:.- 


Bo'wers, C. C, mercliaiir, residence Washington ave,. 

store Wasliington ave 
Bowll)y Hartley, mechanic, Church 
Itowlhy Levi H. lK)()t an<l j?h(je maker, residnnce 

Cliurch, store Broad 
Bowlby Chas. P., organ niannfacturer, residence 

Stewart, factory Belvidere ave 
Bowlby .1. Fletcher, merchant, residence Church 

store Washington ave 
Bowlby Geo. M., organ action maker, Church 
ItoMliiy F. A., merchant, res Church, stoje AVash- 

ington ave 
Bowlby Alfred, organ salesman, Church 
Burd William, book-keeper. Broad 
Brown Joseph, stone mason, Church 
Bowne Geo. W., janitor pub scluol, Washington ave 
Baty Miner, RR. clerk. Port AVashington 
Bryant John, laborer. New 
Barber B. G., retired. School 
Baylor Jesse F., boatman, Pt Washington 

Baylor Wm. A., boatman, Pt Washington 

Boyd James L., farmer, Washington ave 

Boyd Henry, farmer, Washington ave 

Barber Chas., clerk, \Vashington ave 

]3arl)er Miss Jennie, dressmaker. School 

Bal)cock Alpheus, RR section sujit, Belvidere ave 

Babcock Byron, tuner, Belvideie ave 

Bescherer Abram, retired, Washington ave 

Bescherer Jacob, carpenter, Washington ave 

Bescherer Mrs. Jacob, di'essmaker, Washington ave 

Bescherer .Misses, millinery and fancy goods, . 

Washington ave 
Beidleman John, mechanic, Belvidere ave 
Biid Peter E., salesman, Belvidere ave 
Boyer Sam'l, confectioner, carpenter, Washington ave 
Boyer Sej-enus, carpenter. School 
Boyer Sylvester, clerk, Washington ave 
Barrett B. M., miller, Carlton ave 
Bigler A. J., organ action builder, Broad 
Burness Samuel, bricklayer, Johnston 

^ T T T T7 X T^O' Compound Syrup of WI1<1 Cherry with Hypoiibosltes 
^ l~l I r^ 1^1 Jy^ of Lime and Soda. Sure ru re for coughs, croup, etc. 

^^"^^'^^:".:f,^T/^{^f YeT«r>i!^ey^^f Best jj_ ^^ NORTON'S. EastoH. Pa. 


33eers Gilbert, nurseryman, Washington ave 

Byrne Thomas, shoemaker. Warien 

Kyrne .Justin, turner, AVarren 

Itaird Win. M.. physician. M. A., Wasliington ave 

j3at-s .Jnmes. music teacher, near Lorentz ave 

Bryant Jacob, clerk. Washington ave 

Bryant Stewart, carpenter, Wairen 

Bryant Will. R., carpenter, Washington ave 

Bryant Jacob L . carpenter. AVashington avv- 

Bi-\'aiit Christopher, RR brakeman, Carlton ave 

Burd Elisha, mason, Washington ave 

Bnrd Jacob C, mason, Washington ave 

Burd Joseph, mason. Washington ave 

Barron Frank, hostler, Hornbaker 

Barron Wm., saloon keeper, St. Cloud Hotel 

Berry Samuel, laborer. New 

Beavers Saml, T., action builder. Church 

Beavers Jos. A., merchant, Washington ave res Broad 

Barnes Wm , carter and laborer. Maple, 

Beers Geo., clerk, Jane 

FELIX &LElfMEE, ""-^ii^^r^^t ^FDRNfTURE. 

Bruck Thos., laborer, Cterry alley 
Beers Aaron, laborer, Jane 
Brown James, mechanic 
Brown George, mechanic. Church 
Burd John AY., wood finisher, Belvidere ave 
Blazer Peter W,, assoc. ed. >sy r/r. Broad 
Blazer Ira E , telegraph operator, Melodeon 
Blazer Charles, farmer, Melodeon 
B-!am John, farmer, AVashington ave 
Bown«- William, expressman, Washington ave 
Bell J. T., blacksmith, res Churcli, shop Broad 
Bennett Calvin, farmer, AA^ashington ave 
B-'agan Phil, shoemakei-. AA^ashington ave 
Bryant John, laborer. Broad 

Bailey John, fish and oyster dealer, res Churcli, mar- 
ket Belvidere ave 
C'revelinjsf A. W.^ merchant, res Belvidere ave, store 

AVashington ave 
Creveling J. V., justice of jjeace, res Belvidere ave, 
office Broad 

ANnQPW^ )2f Nfll F ^^^^ Northampton St. Tire Largest line of 
AllLllLriU 06 nULri Tliomi)son'sGlove Fitting Corsets in t:a««ton. 

HM Vint'f''n\l Wliolf-^ale Hiiil retail in Ha:v.wari!, Stoves, Healers 
. lU. nUillUll, i^i.'l Kai.f.-^. 

196. WASIIlNliTUN HOiiuUGil Di KEcTOKY. 

Cievt'lii)^ Chas., iiierclianr, res Washingtcn av*-, store 

Belvideie ave 
Crewliiig Win. G., meichanr, les Belvidere ave cor 

Jolinsti'ii, store Belvideie ave 
Civveliiig Janies A , niechaiiie, Belvideie ave 
Cieveliiig John R., 5»aletiniaii, Carlron ave 
Cievel iig IS. J., caiiei-. Cliiii\li 
Creveiing Lewis C, mechanic, L'hiircli 
Creveling .laciib, fuieiuan organ factory, Eailroad av«- 
Coen Samuel, laborer, Creveiing 
Cuiiiniins Henry, merchanr, res Belvidrie ave. store- 

\Va>hingloii ave 
Cummins Rodman, salesman, Belvidere ave 
Canji)bell Geo. C, tuner-organ. Broad 
Carpenter Jacob, local preacher, Washington ave 
Carpenter Henry, baker, Washington ave 
Carpenter Enoch, lawyer, Washington ave 
Connor John, laborer, Cemetery Hill 
Campbell Benj., laborer, New 
Campbell John, laborer, New 

FELII & LEINIMER, ""■^IS.i^^r^lt "•- FURiilTURE. 

dinger Lewis, laborer 

«/ollins Rev. R. 11. })astor M. E. Church, Jackson ave 

Chase Fred, shoemaker, Cheriy alley 

Case Frederick, laborer 

Cushion John, RR clerk. Washington ave 

Creveiing Elmer, liy tinishing. Carltcui ave 

Case Isaac, b]ack>niith. Church 

Case Wm., laborer. Church 

Cushion David, ]Ul workman. \Vasliington ave 

Cushion Albert F., clerk and l)ook keeper. Wnshing-- 

ton ave 
Cressman .Joseph, mechanic, Belvidere ave 
Crocker Henry, mechanic, Washington ave 
Cral't Samuel C, liorisr. Washington ave 
Craft Alex. .1., mechanic, Washington ave 
Crotsley J. W\, mechanic, Belvidere ave 
Crotsley Wm., carj)enter, Vannatta 
Crotsley Jacob, butcher, Belvidere ave 
Cressman Geo., laljoivr, Belvidere ave 
Carr Lewis, laborer, New 


at Wade Br<>e.v Hackettstown, N. J. 

Goods fur tlio Least Money at 



CoriiUfii «f . B. manTii'acturer, res Belvideie ave, 

factory W'iisliiiigtL.n ave 
Carliij,:; Daniel, KK night watcliman, Washington ave 
Cortii<>h John^^tou, Mayor and oi gan manntacturer 

reR av-, office Washington a?ve 
Oole A.H., book-k-eper, Washington ave 
Cuok J-is. S,, ])hysician, AVashingtOfi ave 
Curby J.jiin, shoemaker, br. Cloud Hotel 
Cook Frank, physician, Washington ave 
Chiistine Chas. W.', switchman. €reveling 
Cmistine Chas. W., Jr., brakeman, Creveling 
Christine Wm. W,, conductor, RR crossing. Maple 
Cyphers Mark, merchant tailor, res Belvidere ave, 

store Washington ave 
Oiine Geo. H., finisher, Hornbaker 
Cline Wm. H., RR brakeman, Delaware 
Cline James, boatman, Delaware 
Cline Clias., boatman, Delaware 
Cooke elohii li.. merchant, res Belvidere :ive, store 

Washington ave 

mTv P Trmmnr^ nos. 102 a 104 south 3d st.. rii^'JiTIIPr 
# ^ . 

Crotsley Isaac, RR fireman, Belvidere .ave, cor John- 
ston » 

Cyphers Daniel, RR conductor. New. cor Jolmston 

Cyphers James H., carriage manufacturer, res Cliurrh 
cor School, factory Broad 

Cyphers James H., Jr., case maker, Belvidere ave 

Christine John S., boatman, Mechanic 

Curl Wm., laborer, Xew 

Crane John, carriage finisher. Mapl^ 

Crane Wm. L., hard wood hnishei-, Chur -h 

Castner Jacob farmer. Broad 

Conine M. B. , canal foreman. Church 

Cyphers Jacob JI., brakeman, Dumb Corner 

Casey Con, puddler, New 

Cowel Daniel, farmer, Carlton ave 

Cramer N. S., shoemaker, Washington ave 

Caufman Nathan, turner, Washington ave 

Cougle Jacob, RR brakeman, School 

Campbell Wm., mechanic. New 

Cravat Jsftiies, laborer, AVashington ave 

h.»,^,^^mm,m VTi^lf 2U5 NortLamuiou 6l. The only place to 
AUCUCwS & IN Oil, buy the " CONFORMATER " Corset. 

HM UnDiUnM Wliolesale and retail iloHler ia liarJware, Stoves, Heaters 
, JKl. JNUulUJN. an; I Ranges. 


Casey Matthews, laborer, Dublin 

Carter .los. IS., druggist, res Washington ave 

Carter .los. C , mechanic, Washington ave 

Carter .lohn Calvin, merchant, res Stewart, store 

Washington ave 
Cyphers Chas., car[)enter. Church cor Stewart 
Cyphers Edward O., < lerk, Belvidere ave 
Covvel Wni. S., engineer. New 
Cowel Dan, milk dealer, Carlton ave 
Carter .lohn. livery stables, Washington ave 
C-arter AVni., mechanic. New 
Drake J. D., farmer, Broad 
Donnelly .lames, laborer, Carlton ave 
Decaker Sand., painter, Carlton ave 
Donahoe Dan'l, laborer, Dublin 
Davidson Peter, carpenter, Hornbaker 
Dildine Wm. M., garment cutter, School 
Dutlord Miss S. Ali(;e, school tea«her, Washington ave 
Dullord V\^m. G., farmer, Washington ave 
Donovan Rev. Wm. J., minister Catholic Church, 


Belvidere avenue 
Dilts Nathan, merchant, res Washington ave, store 

Washingttjn ave 
Dilts Nathan, .Ir. . merchant, res Washington ave, 

store Washington ave 
Dilts Daniel, painter, .Jackson ave 
Dilts David, lunei', Washington ave 
Dilts (.reo. W. tuner. Church 

Dilts Capt. Wm., retired blacksmith, Washingtonave 
J)avis Nathan, retired, Washington ave 
J)avis .b)b.l.. mechanic. Waireii 
Davis .lacob. mechanic, Washington ave 
Dowers Frank, porter, St. Cloud Hotel 
Doremns (xeo., shoemaker, St. Cloud Hotel 
Da\ is Kdwai'd, mechanic, WarrtMi 
Deiemei- Smith, farmer. New. cor .Johnston 
Deremer Isaac, boatman, .Jane 
Deremer Ral])!!, caitei", New 
Douglas A,, book-keeper. Si. Cloud Hotel- 
Dolan Edward, lal;)orer 

For CoughB, Cnlrts, Croup and pmiirpnTTWri QVDTTD ^f ^^^^ Cherry with hyi)0- 
Consumpilon u«o SHIKLDS' OUllirUU IID U I uUr I'liosi.liaioHOf llnieaufl soda 

'"'"'^'''^'^I^ ^^Z'^^ ^ney'^ Best g_ ^^ PR IOfS, EaStOll, Fa 


Ilavisoii A. K.. asst. ed. Reniew, Jane 

D-i'oe Stephen, letired phj^'sician. Grand ave 

Dawes Geu., po-tin ister, St. Ci(>ud Hotel 

Doughe Joe, merchant, Cornish 

Dunham Asa, tin salesman, Washington 

Donahoe Edward, RR conductor, Warren 

Ddzian Saral., shoemaker. Broad 

Davis Geo., shoemaker. St. Cloud Hotel 

Exton Hugh, veterinary surgeon, Warren 

EiliiiberjBfer R. MT., merchant (A. W. Creveling & 

Co.), Belvidere ave 
Egsins Martin, wood tinisher, Hornbaker 
Edgerton Chas., cigar merchant, Washington ave 
Edgerton Justin P., organ builder, Washington ave 
Everett A. H., casemaker, Weller 
Emmons I W. reporter, Washington ave 
Ervin Thomas, laborer, Dublin 
Ervln IsKic, RR lirakeuim, Johnston 
Filt!< Jsic'oli, men hunt fiirnirure manufacturer, res 

and i'ai'tory Broad, warniv^oms Washington ave 

Fitts Warren, clerk, Belvidere ave 

Fitts Henry, upholsterei-, St-wart 

Fitts James >I.. meichant. Bi-oad 

Fitts J. W., merchant, res Church, stor-- Wasiiing- 

ton ave 
Fitts En(jdi. clerk and book keei)r^r. Washingro'i art- 
Fulper J. E , retired, Washingttm av>- 
Fox Geo., carter, Vanuatta 
Fox James, laborer. Vannatta 
Fredenberg Ed. RR hreman, W;ishin-t-i> av- 
Force Wm. W.. iaboie;, (Miuirli 
Fehr Edward, hostler, Melorle'-n 
Fehr Howard, car inspector, Melodeon 
Farly Wm A., mason and car[)enter, Crev^^ling 
Fa^an Aoliii. turner. Washington ave 
Florey A. F., foreman Cornish organ factory, Ciimcii 
Frost Frank B., engineer. School 
Fr.3st Rev. D. S . retired Baptist minister, S<'.hool 
Flint D. E., plumber, Stewart 
Frome Wm., retired. Broad 

llUri!>'*UfO 9. yfll! C 205 N'.rtharnpt^iri S'f-et, F.astjn. Pa. 
ArSuillnb Ob nULl, The reliable store r^r Black Uoods. 

Hl/f MhiJill'"! ',! Wholesale aud ret. til dealer iu Harvlvv.uv, si ,e-. Hnaters 
.il WUKlJil. aud Ranges. 


Furman Jas., meicliant, Bflvidere ave 
Fiirtnan McCieilen, fanner. Belvidere ave 
Flytm Patrick, night watchman, Dul)lin 
Fox .lohn. ort>an rubber, V^anniitta' 
Force .lohn L).. niaible cutter, inroad 
Firts Miss Maggie, school re:icher, Broad 
FoiMM' 4'8i:i.<<.. marble cut fer :iiid dealer, Brofid 
Force Peter, reriied. Broad 
Fish«-r Christine, letired, AN'ashington ave 
Foddle Frank, gardener, et<-., Belvi<lHiv ave 
Foddle Charles, engineer and ice (ream freezer, Wash- 
ington ave 
Fleming Ceo., laborer, New- 
Fly nu Martin, coal durapei-, Dublin 
Frome Samuel, saloon keeper. Belvidere ave 
(rrolt Henry S., RR agent, Jackson ave 
iirutl' A. 15., merchant, res. Washington ave, store 

Washington ave 
Grolt'.l. i)., RR freight agent. Washinuton ave 
Gardinei J. W., exjjress and baggage agent Rail- 

FELIX &LEININ&ER, ""^ :^°l^t'lU"°:^l' °'- FURNITIJRE. 

road ave 

Groll' S.vlvc»s<cM'. merchant, res Broad, store Wash- 
ington ave 

Gardiner -lames H.. RR engineer, Rjilroad ave 

Gaston John S., billiard and pool looin, res Warren, 
rooms ^Vashington ave 

Gordon Morris, clerk, Washington ave 

Gibson Chas.. farmer, Jackson ave 

Gerald G. ()., tanner, res Broad, tannery Broad 

Gulick F. H., carpentt'r, Jane 

Gunsaulus Geo., mechanic, >Vasliington ave 

Godfrey R. W., case maker. Church 

Gi'itlilh Miss Clara, school teachei-, Washington ave 

Godhey A. r,., Un freight luimller, Chnrcli 

<>}il>i»s J. R., dentist ollice and res Washingtou ave 

Gunderiiian Jacob, tanner, Tloiiibaker 

Gaston Klmer, wootl carver, Warren 

Gundernum Geo . laborer, Iloinbaker 

(xross Robt.. bn-mei', Washington ave 

Gleason John, \IH workman, I)ublin 

PAINTS 9-11(1 OILS "* WADE BROS.', Hackettstown, N, j. 

^"^-"^sr^^r^S '^^e/^r^" H. M. NORTON'S, Easlou, Pa. 


Gleuzbeck Amos, shoemaker. Broad 
Guiideniiaii Emery, laborer, Port \Vashington 
4wordoii T. V. chair maker. AVashington ave 
Hornbaker F. K . undertaker, Hornbaker 
Hornbakei" Rol)t , sportsman, Hornbaker 
Hornbaker Jc^hn, merchant, res Hoi'nl>aker, store 

h>elvi(lere ave 
Hornbaker DanieJ, hiborer, Hornbaker 
Hornbaker A. J., car})enter, \A^ashington ave 
Heed Grant, action bulkier, Belvidere ave 
Hann P. H.. via pres 1st Nat Bank, Belvidere ave 
lleri'iek Setli W.. organ nianfr, Broad 
Hann A. P., cashier bank, Belvidere ave 
Hann Lewis J., bank clerk. New 
Hansler Jos., lather. Brown 
Hazard Geo., clerk, Windsor House 
Herrick Miss Addie C, school teacher. Broad 
Haynes George, shoemaker, Washington ave 
Hedden Wm. A., tuner, Hornbaker 
Hampton J<»«iepli, merchant, res Washington ave 

store Belvidere ave 
Hance Jno. H. Jr., butcher, Belvidere ave 
Hut(diings B. B., shoenuiker, A^'ashingfon ave 
Hutchings Wm., painter, Washington ave 
Hutchings E. J., mechanic. Wan-en 
Hutchings Peter, laborer, Washington ave 
Hutchings Edward, laborer, AVashington ave 
Hankinson Ira, laliorer, Jane 
Howel Harvy, painter, Jackson ave 
UaiiipttHi A m>erl.y. fan.y goods, Washington ave 
Hartman Andrew, laborer. New 
Hartman Joseph, porter St. Cloud lIotHl 
Hastings Patrick, laborer 
Hay ward George, canvasser, Grand ave 
Haldren Benj. laborer, Melodeon 
Hiifr.lohii ^I.. barber. Washington ave 
Hooker H. C, travelling salesman, AVindsor House 
Howard Jerome, letired blacksmith, Warren 
Hornbaker A. J. Jr., laborer, AVashington ave 
Hayes Patrick, retired, Belvidere ave 

7T ■NTPvT)T^T«7'0 "MAT 17 205 Northampton St., Easton, Pa. You can And. 
iliNUKcWo OC IN yJLr ^ it M- tl>f> nw large awiUng lu front ■ f store. 

HM irnDfTlfrKT wholesale and retail de.dtr in Hardware, Stoves, Heaters 
. M, WUrLlUrl. and RHUges. 



HinniHj- J:is. K.. retired. Washington ave 

Hdlf Wni. L.. t(-'lpgia[)h (iiieiaic)-, Scliool 

Holiness Aaron, mason, Chiii'< li 

H<.a,alan(l U. V. C, ivtir d. Ne-w cor Stewart 

Hall Wni.. RR engineer. Dumb Corner 

Hall Clias. B., engineer. Jane and Meh.deon 

Hf.irpenoe Win. P.. [iln-sician. Washington ave 

Hojjple Frank, mechanic. Washington ave 

Halm George, painter, Creveling 

Hoflf .John C., compositor, Jane 

Hiirgins Elisha, laborer, Carlton ave 

Higgins J no. L., forenjan car reimirers. Railroad ave 

Horn Frank, shoemaker, St. Cloud Hotel 

Higgins AViii., railroad employe. Railroad ave 

Hulsizer Frank, hardware merchant, res Johnston, 

store Broad 
Hamilton Wm., mechanic, Washington ave 
H^rrick Miss Victoria A., school teacher, Broad 
Hamilton Miss Lanra S., school teai her, Wash'n ave 
Hall L. C. mechanic, Jackson ave 

rELlI&LEINlNKEfi, "■"^A^t'^t.T^l^. "' FURNIME, 

Hayes Patrick J., conductor, Belvidere ave 

Insclio Wm. C. laborer, Washington ave 

Inscho George, RR conductor. Church 

Iivin Thomas, laborer, Dublin 

Joliiii^toii l*liili|», retired, Belvidere ave cor JohnstoB' 

Johnston Walter, tinsmith. Broad 

.Fohnston Henry W., merchant, store Belvidere ave, 
res l-)e!vi(lere ave • 

•l4»liiisl<»ii lloiii'j^. hardware merchant, store Wash- 
ington ave, res School 

.lohnston Jacob T., agent, Wasliington ave 

.Johnston ('has. E., ))ook-kee])er, Washington ave 

Joliiistoii .lames II., hardware merchant, store 
Washington ave, res Stewart 

Johnston Joseph W., surveyor, Washington ave 

Johnston Wm. E., switcliman, Dublin 

.l(»linst(;n Wm. W., clerk, Belvidere ave 

Ji^iiiiin^s Win. K., slater, Weller 

James John, foreman shoe factory, St. Cloud Hotel 

J-^mf»'5 Wm.. cutter and nieht watchman. Wash'n ave- 

INFALLIBLE UybpcpLlL ACllltJUy- Nerv.niB HeadacLe. Guarauieed. 

HousefuriiishiugCTOOcU eeneraUy. The Best TT M MflDTflWO roctrm Drj 
Goods for the Least Mouey at H, llli nUulUll U, LdSlUll. id. 


»Iefiery INcar, lawyer, office AA'^ashington ave, res 

Belvidere ave 
Kinneman Joseph, farmer, Karville 
Kiniiemau Wliittield, farmer, Karville 
Kelley Tlios., section boss, Cemetery Hill 
Kelley Patrick, laborer. Dublin 
Keifer Jei'eniiali, horticulturist. Prospect ave 
Kator Patrick, laborer, Fisher road 
Kelsey Edward, laborer, Jane 
Kelsey Georoie, hostler, WashingLon ave 
Kenneday W/n., P., tuner, Stewart 
Kenney Wni. laborer, Brass Castle 
Kase Frank, book- keeper, Washington ave 
King H. L , car repairer, Warren 
Losey Jos., merchant, Church 
Lynn J. E., marble dealer, Broad 
Lynch Daniel, brakeman, Dublin 
Lynch Jno., car repairer, Dublin 
Libby F'rank, mechanic, Belvidere ave 
Lunger Morris, engineer. Railroad ave 

rELII & LEININGER, "-jyi ^t'^kr i^If"- FgRNlTaRE. 

Lunger S. J , shoe maker, res Church, shop Bel. ave 

Luuiier C. R., agent, Windsor House 

Leidy Geo., laborer, Hornbaker 

Larkiu Michael, shoemaker, Warren 

Lacy Jno. C, laborer, Washington ave 

Langstaff Jno. T., salesman, Washington ave 

Lema John S., farmer 

Lynch James, car repairer, Dublin 

Loehen David, Boatman, Pt. Washington 

Lance George H., laborer, Washington ave 

Lance Archibald, laborer, Washington ave 

i..aRoe M'ilbur. asso. editor /S'/r/v, Windsor House 

Lance Jno., carpenter, Jane 

Lance Isaac, car repairer, Belvidere ave 

Milroy Geo., rubber, New 

Menton Wm. F., carpenter, AVashington ave 

Miller Henry C, jeweler, res 'Johnston, store W'ash- 

ington ave 
Miller <lias. A., jeweler, res Warren, store Wash- 
ington ave 

Silver - Plate! Mm, Forts aiii Spoons,, at WADE BROS.; 

BM XinDTHXI WLulesalo aiul re'.ail dealer in Hardware, Stoves, Heaters - 
. 1. INUlllUJ)!; aad Raugea. ' ' 


Miller AVm., tanner, Vannatta 

Miller Warne A., Jirenian, Church 

!>.Iount AVm., wheelwright, Broad 

Mount Calvin, wheelwright, Broad 

Mershon Joab, mechanic, Washington ave 

Murphy Patrick, KR yard dispatcher. Railroad ave 

Morgan Jerenjiah, laborer, Belvidere ave 

Morris Jacob H., janitor, Washirgton ave 

Mc'Kliisli'.v F„ P-, physician, Washington ave 

^lilharn Jaines Jr., engineer. New 

Milham James, shoemaker, Jane 

i^IcKIiine>' ^Vin., merchant, res Stewart, store Bel- 
videre ave 

Mili'oy W. R., carpenter, AVarren 

^ettgli^er .'Vlichael, liverj" bLdbies, res Belvidere ave • 
stables Belvidere ave 

Munch Clias,, shoemaker, St. Cloud Hotel 

Mahoney John, bi-akeman. New 

Middleswortli Isaac, laborer, Mechanic 

McMurtrie Jno. IT., car] enter, AVashington ave 

FELIX &L EININ& ER7''"-^^ Jt^^?'^^ Ir'-' FUR NITURE, 

McMnrtriM ,hi(». S., carpentej-, Jackson ave 

McMuit]i(- Tims., carpenter, Chni-ch 

McClay AIhx., boatman, Pt Washington 

McClay .los.. IxiatTMan, Pt Washington 

McClaiy Joliii. laljorer, Pr. Washington 

Mc(.:ra<-kHii Chns., carri.'ige niani'r, res Broad, factory 

B»']vidt-i>- ave 
McCrack-u Ira, carriage manl'r, res Belvidere ave 
McCracken Edwaid, blacksmith. Broad 
itlrl'aiiii ICdward, shoemaker, Washington ave 


Work i}on(', •with nc-atuepy and <ll»]iati-b and a« clieaj) as* cau be done auywhere, 
Tliaiikful for past patronage, I eollclt a continuance. 

Washington ave Washington N. J. 

McCann Vincent, shoemaker, AVashington ave 
Milroy Wm. P . Tariienter. New 

"^. Tthfr»ftf% \;. Ttrtff .i05 MonhaT.plcn siree'. Eae'cn. Pa. 
rtV»t4H6{U^ vV ^Vl^lll^ .-.ore-ioci) tn.arjjed. Come and see 




M.vea's .Jacob, butcher, Creveling 

McClary Andivw. hoHtmini. Pt. Wu>liington 

Mt'Ciary Hi-ni v. l)'>Hti!ia]i. Jane 

McCIary Jaok. labi^ier, Jane 

McClary Albert, cook. Jane 

McClar}' Edward, laborer, Jane 

Miers John H., engineer. Hornbaker 

Miers George, Itiborer, Hornbaker 

Millnr Henry, boatman, Pt Washington 

MalKm Vim. J., music teacher, Warren 

Marshall Lewis, shoemaker, Washington ave 

Itlattisoii John H., bo-u"ding honse, Wash'n ave 

Marrison J. L. T., mnrliaiiic, Jackson ave 

Matrison Wm. F., !:»0'>k-keeper, Beividere ave 

Miller L. W., bail)Hi-. Cherry alley 

Morrison ^J no., meciiruiic. Coniish st. 

Miber Jno.. laborer. Mejudeon , 

AiillerJ. W., barber, Cherry a ib-y 

Morgan Ro'or. . brakenian, School 

McClarv Jos., boatmr-m. Pt. Washirio'ton 

FELii & mmm, ''"■ ja^t^^"^^^ "'- furniture. 

More:an Chas. H., lal)orer, ' Pt. W^ashiniiTon 
Miller C. W.. laborer, 
Moore Isatic, hd)orer. New 
Millham James X., laborer, Pr. Wa.-^hington 
Mah'iney Jno. A.. v,'ood cutter PR, DuV^iin 
McNaney James, stable boss. Beividere ave 
Mahone Ed,, conductor RR, iJublin 
Millham Edgar, shoemaker, Johnston 


Washington Av-nue, WASH ^cCTON. K. J. 

V.'ill R;-A-ay- it-- rami '.]:•■ very lati'Si in 



No painss .spared to please one audjaU. 

Norris AV. N., manager shoe fac. 8t. Cloud Hotel 

Nier John, cabinet maker. Cemetery Hill 

IVolan jRn,f Washington House landlord, RR ave 

Nier Jacob, cigar maker, Cemetery Hill 

Nier Henry, mechanic. Cemetery Hill 

Nutze J. W. , merchant, Washington ave 

C^-rj T"r7 T Tr\0> Compound Syrup ol Wild Cherry with Hypopbosltes 
^ J~| I r^ I V I J J*> of Lime and Soda. Sure cure for coughs, croup, etc. 

n, ill, ilUrilul'l; HEATEKS A\D KAXiiFS. 


Nott Dr. Olias. D., }):istor Pres'oyterian church, Wash- 
ington jiVf' 
Nixon (tpo.. iiip:-h:iiiic, Hoi'iihnk*^']- 
OsmuH William, clerk. Was])iu.u,-r"ji ave 
Osl)()]-]ie Chas. K.. wood liin>lier. Jane 
O'Shea Dt-'Uiiis, woodman HR, Washington ave 
Ohmder AU'red, inideitaker and cabinet maker, Wash- 
ington are 
Paulliii (leoi-ge. shoemaker. Vv'ashington ave 
I'i&illgi^-cr Ilsiiif4''l. fui'niture nianutacrnrer, Wash- 

inglitii ave 
Pioutv .Mrs. AA' II , school teacher, Clmrch 
Pittinger Jaspei-. i'ui'iiitnre manfr, VVash'n ave 
Petty Thompson, meichant. store Bel. ave, res Broad 
Petty ,)os. K.. stone mason, Washington ave 
Petty AVin.,*retired, Washin.gton ave 
Petty JSanmel Y.. hostler, Belvidere ave 
PeiTy Will., enginee)'. Broad 
Pe)"son Chj'is., fish peddler, Washington ave 
P<»ole Ira, shoemaker. Washington ave 

FELIl & LE MIHBEE, ^'"'■:^lLi°J^r^l'. "'- FDENITUEE. 

PicliB (-feorge, slioemaker, New 

Peters J no., I'ainier, Cai'iton ave 

Pickel Jno,. butcher, Wasliington ave 

Pickel Chas.. bntclier, shop Belvidere ave. res Wash- 
ington Jive 

Pickel 11. T.. Initcher, Washington ave 

Prouty \\m. H., teacher. Church 

Pence (Teorg(^ ]\l.. (Migineer UK, Church 

INm>I 'Wiib, US., butcher, shop Belvidere ave, res 
Washington ave 

Pool Frank, slioeinaker. Washington ave 

l^lotts .hio., iarmer, Hornbaker 

Plotts AVni., wood tinishei', V^annatta 

Plotts Edward, oigaii manuTr, wareroonis Belvidere 
ave, res Broad 

Philliower .hnt. K., mechanic. Washington ave 

J'idcock .b.nalhan. I'ajiner. AVashington ave 

Pidc(»cl; Sicwart, iarmer. Washington ave 

l^idcock TliHo<iore, farmer. Washington ave 

Kobbius,).. cit'ik. Washington ave 

A»^J*»/s*»Pi J? TJ/^lf 205 Northamiitoii fcJt. The ouly place to 
Allure V7J5 6& IN Oil, imv the "CONFOimATER" Corset. 



WASliiNGTON bO uUGH i;ti;FX; t OK Y. 207 

R,osenl»ery Jssssst^s* niu>,ic teacher liroati 

Kaub Ai. K., liit-'ciiamc, Belvtd-ir- liVt- 

Hani) lla)-J*V, (li:ii:i!i'-r. b-ixi l'-J^- tr.'e 

Hitiib (ienrge, cleik, j>-iv d- vr -.iv^ 

Riiiie rjoiiii, ;i:isiiiii]i. Wasiiiuvlon ;;ve 

Kichey Jno., })oatmaii, JN'.nv 

Riddle (r. R., !)aitender, Siewait 

Ruegg Ed., siiopmakrr, St. Cluiid IIo:h1 

Ryan F^iriick. li(j>.tiei', ixii'liii 

Rj'an John, Jaboi'^^r, Dubliii 

Roek'-r Wni., taii<n-, W. .■^hirjglo'n nve 

Ruiuisavell Jnu., j^hoemaker, WashingroTi ave 

Reynolds J. J)., pTinciiial imij ischooL Cliwrch 

Rub';err:5 0. S.^ euginen- RR, Washingron ave 

lii!sler John pv<.'l>"r iv.stauianr, res VarjFKitta, res- 

taui-ant Washington ^^ve 
Russell Jno., organ biiiidt^r. Wasbington ave 
Russell H. R., organ i>uiider, \Vashington ave 
Rutan R. S., foreman stt-'ck dept sh(;e factory, Bel- 

videre ave 


Rockafellow Wra. J., merchant, res School, t^tore 

Washington ave 
Reil Theo., wood linisher, Warren 
Radline Nathan, rubber, Washington ave 
Rodgers D. J., organ tun^i-. Carlton ave 
Ricker Wni. E., agent, Nen' cor Sfewarr. 
Ribble Wellington, diuggist, Chnj-ch 
Sg>aii^eiil»iir^ Klaniel. niHrchanr, re-^ VVasli'n us-v, 

store Washington ave 
Smith Jno. K., conductor RR, Carlton ave 
Shro}>e Ho'.vard, telephone ex ojjHijitor, \A''asJi'ri iw^. 

Homeopathic Physician and Surgeon. 

{ 7 to 9 A. >i. 
Office Houks: -' 1 to ::! P. M. WASHINGTON, N. J. 

( 6 to 7.30 P, M. 

Smith Adam R., carter, Bel ave cor Carlton ave 
Smith Peter, brakeman, Melodeon 
Smith L. €r., harness maker, Johnston 

Garden Seeds a specialty. Wades', Hackettstown. 

HM ■wrmmn'M wholesale and kl l-ail dealek in hardware, stoves, 
. I. rl Unl Url , heaters andr a nc^e.^. 


Smitli Reider, mechanic, AYariVii 
81iaw Job J., mercliant, res Jackson ave, store Wash- 
ington ave 
Sweeny AVilliam, correspondent, AVashington ave 
Swenson A. J., tinsmith, Warren 

Stasitcs <'. F., prop'r St. Cloud Hotel, AVash'n ave 
Stewart A. B., Justice of Peace, Belvidere ave 
Stewart. Chas., laborer, Washington ave 
Strader Chas. S., mechanic, Belvidere ave 
Strader Augustus K., carpenter, Belvidere ave 
Strader Charles W., engineer, Belvidere ave 
Strader Robt. S., organ case maker, Washington ave 
Slack Frank M., laborer, Washington ave 
Slack Fred M., stone mason, Cornish 
Shrope Jos. A., Surveyor, Washington ave 
Shrope AVm. A., laborer, Church 
Shrope Jacob AV., carpenter, Washington ave 
Shrope Lucien, i)rintei\ Washington ave 
Smith Sim, laborer, New 
Smith A. AV., book-keeper, AVashington ave 

FELIX &LEIMN&ER, """i^'lJt^^U"":^!' ^'•' FDRNMRE. 

Sexton Thos., section boss RR, L>u])liu 
SexttjTf Martin, brakeman. Dublin 
Solomon Abrani. ])lacksmith, Johnston 
Solomon Abrani .Ir., laborei', Johnston 
Slater Peter, carpenter, AVashington ave 

" Pleasant Valley Mills. 




ONE MILK liELUW WA.snim/7XuX, J\\ J. 

Slater Ileni'v, carpenter, AVashingron ave 

SiiiH 1). M.. niglit watihman, Jane 

Shields Wm., agent D. L. cV W. RR, Wash'n ave 


2(i.'i Nortli.-imptfin Street, Easton, Pa. 

The reliable atore fi>r Black Goods. 


t H. M. NORTON'S, Easloil. Pa. 


:Sliields Jas L., clerk and coal agt. St. CloUd Hotel 

■Sliields vSilas, olerk, Washington ave 

fecott Lambert, farmer, Washington ave 

rScott Hugh, farmer, Washington ave 

§cott George, boatman, Ft. Washington 

.StUe** Will., |)hysician, Washington ave 

Slieats Lewis W., boatman. Church Alley 

ji^mith Wm., clerk, Washington ave 

4Smith Isanc, engineer, Belvidere ave 

Smith Ogden. laborer, Xew 

?!ih'yker Will. A,, lawyer, office Washington ave, 

res Belvidere ave 
Searfoss Barnett, i^ainter. Church 
Skinner Smith, farmer, Pt AVashington 
Snyder J acob, lireman, Melodeon 
Snyder George W.. brakeman, Melodeon 
Skinner James P., butcher, Belvidere ave 
Snyder AVillard, action nialver, St. Cloud Hotel 
Senior Josex'h, action maker, Melodeon 
Sheats John H., freight handler, Washington ave 

FELIX & LEINI NKEE, ''°"i?l£ .jg?xfr:g- lt ^•- FURNMEE. 

Staples George, brakeman, Church 

Seguine Wm. F., brakeman, Broad 

Seguine James, shoemaker. Broad 

Shrope Theo. B. carpenter, Max>le 

Stewart Sanil. S., night dispatcher RR, Wash'n ave 

Stewart Imla, milk dealer. -Jane 

Smith Arch, laborer. New 

Stevenson Austin, butcher. Broad 

Nliaiupaiiore A. J,, i^ditov Jieo/cw, Wash'n ave 

Shanipanore G. W., printer. New cor Stewart 

Stewart Harry, shoemaker, AVashington ave 

Sparry George, clerk, Winds* jr House 

Hbiehls K.'^l., bakery, AYasliington ave 

Thatcher Saml. S., retired. Broad 

'lliati'lier .lo;^. R.? merchant, Washington ave 

Thatcher Wm.. retired. Broad* 

Thatcher Saml., wood-carver, Broad 

Thatcher Peter AV., carpenter, AA^ashington ave 

Teel Saiiiiiel, photographer. Broad 

Trimmer George, engineer, Carlton ave 

For Coughs, Colds, Croup and nnMDniTMn Q'VDTTD "' ^^i^*^ Cherry with hypo- 
Oousumption use SHIELDS' UUlylrUUllU 1 nUl phosphates of lime and soda 



'J'riiiniier .lacol), coiidurtoi-, dacksoii ave., (M-r Lliurch 
Taylor Janit^s, «lii)»:'iiuik'-'r, ,)ane 
Taylor. I. i)., In-!. u,u-n', r^^s Janf^, oflU'e Broad 
Tay]oi- PetH]', iiighr warciirn;!!!, Mflocleon 
Tjean VV L., tinsmith, \Va>liinut<iji ave 
Thoriit(jn Samuel, organ tune;. W^ashington ave 
T*-ats Jolin, rH])air shop, W^asliington ave 
TJioitips;)!! -lohn, tiiisniith, Jwliiistuii 
Tunison A G., (•onductur, Churcli 
Tygar P. \V., cai-peiiter, Carlton ave 
Tygar H. R., cai'pent*^r. School 
Tayborn Tlios., shoemaker, Johnston 
Thorp Joseph, laborer, Jafksvm ave 
Townsend Edward, waiter, Windsor Honse 
Thompson Wm. C, boatman, Johnston 
Thompson Jos. C, police, Chnrch 
Thompson Albert A., orgsn packer, Johnston 
Thompson Saml. C, retired agent, Washington ave- 
Thompson Clias., brakeman, Belvidere 
Thompson Theodore, laborer, Hornbaker 

FELIX & LElfm ''"■:^°^Jt'll.?'J^if "'■■ FOElfURE. 

Thompson Charles, laborer, Hornbaker 

Thompson Elmer, clerk, St. Cloud Hotel 

Thompson Jacob, brakeman. Washington ave 

Teeter Obadiah, tireman, Belvidere ave 

Tunison Albert W,, clerk 

Thatchei" Jos, H,, merchant, res and store Wash' n avt-- 

U*-hlHin l-'iiiiik, liakei". Washington ave 

Ut'lileiii V, .>!., bakf-i- iV confectii.ner, Wash'n ave 

Uehl-in J<»lin. clerk, Washingi^'n av 

U»-hlein George, baker, Washington ave 

Vleit J)ani^*l. lawyer, office Broad, res Wash'n ave- 

VQugh Jacoi) S., b<K)k-kpep'-'r, Wa-liington ave 

Vou di Aanm H., can-il supt, Stewart 

Vaidiorne Richard, laborer, Jane 

Vann Joseph, ivtired, School 

Vanderbelr Dan'l, street commissioner, Wash'n ave-^ 

Vanderbelt Bart action maker, Washington ave 

Vander})ilt Wm., lawyer, Washington ave 

Vanover Jacob, action maker, Warren 

Vnnover Wm,, action maker, Warren 

7TMnDU^{7"Q & \Tr\T 17 2O6 Northampton 8t., Eoeton, Pa. You can find'-' 
riiNURilWo OC iNULxi HOy IbeCn© large awnlDg in rrontctetore.. 


H. I. HORTON'S, EaslQli. Pa. 


"^^andyke J. M., JaAvver, office Belvideiv uvp resides 

NVindsor House 
Vaiiuatta Edward, U. S. mail ngr, Washington ave 
T.irinatta AVm.. case niaiver, Washington ave 
VoiJgh Miss vVlia H., school teacher, Wash'n ave 
Vannatta Samuel, harness make)-, res Belvidere ave 

harness shoj) Behidere ave 
VanDoren Ten, clerk, Washington ave 
Valentine >Jhas. J., lirenian. Washington ave 
Vanhoine John L.. {igent,» Washington ave 
'VauCanipen iiiwood, shoemaker. Broad 
^Vinter Henry, hindier niercharit, Belvidere ave 
Winter J. C. Justice of Peace, Belvidere ave 
Wandling Peter, farmer, Washington ave 
AA'riglit Saml., retired, Church 
Wriglit \Vm., bi'akeman. Church 
Wright AVm. R.. rubber. Pt Washington 
W^liip2>ert Daniel, barber, Washington ave 
Widener Wm.. hostler, Mechanic 
Williams G. B., blacksmith. Cornish 

PELIX &lEIlflN&ER. ^"-^lii^^r^lt *'" FURNITURE, 

Williams Erniin, blacksmith, Cornish 

Warman D. B.. laborer, Jane 

Warman Andrew, gardener, Jane 

Witte Jno. C, harness- maker, res Urand ave, shop 

Washington ave 
White George C, action maker. Church 

Webber Alfred, laborer, Belvidere ave 
Widener Miller, hostler. Belvidere ave 
Witte Mrs. John, school teacher. Grand ave 
Wyckoff Daniel Y., grain merchant, Carlton ave 
Wiiitenielit AV. H., hostler, Delaware 
Washburne John V., mechanic, Melodeon 
Wasliburne E. L., laboi-er. Melodeon 
Washburne McClellen, shoemakei'. Church 
White Marshal. laborer, Cornish 
Woolverton Benj., farmer, Wasliingto!i ave 
Willever Wm.. stone mason RR, Pt Washington 
Webb Walter M., i-etired ))hysician, Washington ave 
M'el»l> K, It., druggist. Wasliington ave 
Weller L;)\v P.. clejk. Belvidere ave 

Sup -nor Quality p-'OCKSt OUtlOry at Wadg Broa'. 





Weller J. 0., tobacconist, res Belvidere ave, store- 

Wasliiiis.ton ave 
AV eller Jacob, mercliaiit, Stewart 
AVeller ^a^-^t. Wm., woodtini;>lier, Washington ave 
AV eller Pnter R., clerk, Stev.-art 
Weller Philip, laborer, Delaware 
Weller Samuel, school teacher, Washington ave 
Waters Wm. C., iiy hnisher, Church 
Warne J. S., tree agent. School 
AV right Ohas., wood iinisher, Pt Washington 
lViliaiii*«(>ii .loliii, caterer,' AA^ashington ave 
AA^eller Aliss Liz/.ie, school teacher, Stewart 
AA^'eaver Clinton-, laborer, New 
AA'^eller AVm., laborer, Delaware 
AA^aters AA"m , case maker. Church 
AVt»aver. "^Viii. R., student, Belvidere ave 
AVarne J. P., jieanut agent, School 
AA^'andling Levi, jig sawyer, St. Cloud Hotel 
^VaBidliii^ Rolivt., merchant, resides St. Cloud Hotels 

store AA^ashington ave 

FELIIJi LE IMmER, ""'-^lii^Jr^l^ "'- FURSITURE 

White Fred, barber, AVashington ave ■ 

AA^ack Alvin^ painter, Carlton ave 

AV right John B., brakeman. Church 

AVeaver SamL, carpenter, Johnston 

AVeaver AVm. G., nursery agent, Belvidere ave 

Yeomans Davison, farmer. Broad 

Yeomans Sam'l, teamster. Mechanic cor Cornish 

Young AA^ni. A., brakeman. Brown 

Young Geo., blacksmith, Carlton ave 

DR. Wm. M. BAIRD, 

AA/'ashington, - - New Jersey. 


Young Daniel, laborer, Washington ave 
Y oung John, liuckster, Carlton ave 
Yaid Andrew, li>eman Belvidere ave 
Y^ard Frank, organ tuner, Belvidere ave 

ANnDP\A/^ 2. Mm E 205 Northamptoti St., Eastou. Pa. The 
HIlUnLIIO OO nULl, Largest line of DRESS TRIMMINGS etc.. 



\\{ ACKETTSTOWN was incor;orated as a borough in 1653 and 

T" has now (.jSSO) .ibout 2,800 inliabitants. 
"^"^ It lias an ai-ea of about '2f miles, or 1754 acres. It is bounded 

on the north and east by Morris county; on the south by Mansfield town- 
ship, and on tlie w^est by Independe::ce. It received its present name trom 
a gentleman by the name of Samuel Hackett, at the time of the raising of 
the frame of the first hotel on the site of the Warren House. This was 
most probably in the year 1704. Few [laces in the county of Warren have 
such a beautiful natural location as tins thrlvingtown. From the summit 
of Bucks Hill, a rocky height half a mile from town, tlie t w^n and adjacent 
country can be seen to the best advantage. Towards the south ihc tertile 
valley of the Musconetcong stretches as far as the eye can reach. Tlie 
hills coming together on the north, and bounding the view in that 
direction ; the Schooley Mountain range on the east ; the Musconetcong 
river meandering through the midst of the valley,* >md on whcso baiiks 
the borough stands ; the Morris canal at the foot of the hills and the D. 
L. & W. R. R. track a little below that, presents to the eye a panorama 
that is indeed most pic'.uresqiie. 

It is said that Samuel Hackett was the first settler of this town, and 
that he settled there about the year 1720. His father-in-law had received 
large grants of land from the King of England, and he in turn gave 10,- 
000 acres to Mr. Hackett. 

He once lived in a log house that stood on the eastern bank of Bowers* 
foundry pond. Thomas Shields, Jr., a few years ago removf-d the 
Lozear house, which it is said was his last residence. He was one of the 
judges of Morris county before Sus-.^ex and Warren were taken from it. 
He lived to a ripe old age and died without any heirs. 

Hackettstown has three hotels, none of which have license at the 
present time. There has been a hotel where the Warren House now 


stands for ihe last ninety years. The house wan rebuilt in 1840, and lias> 
been known af< the " Warren House "since. The "American House' 
was kept as a liotel as early as \S'i'->. It has been added to a number of 
times until it now has a frontage of 100 feet. The Clarendon House, 
owned by Tiiomas Shields, Jr., is t!i ■ iv.\ : in ) st recently l)nilt and is a 
very neat and attractive liosielry. 

Haoketlslow 11 is luirdeiied with a considerable debt, most of 
which was incurred in liuildiny the i)reseut line large public scho(.l 
building, which is a credit and ornament to the town. The debt, how- 
ever, is being gradually wiped out and ta.xes are easier. 

The town is well supplied with churches. Tlie " Fiist Presbyteiian 
Chuicii "f liide|)endence" is a strong organization. Tlie first building 
was a frame one erected about the year ITOO. About the year IHll', this 
old Church was sold and removed to Beattystown and a new one erected. 
The i>resent church was erected in 1861, when the Rev. G. C. Bush was 
pastor ; is valued at §36,000, with a membership of about 500. 


was erected in ls.7.i. It is a Mission belonging to the (Convocation of 

rniMTV .MErilUlJIST kpisiopal ciiuucii 
was organi.;ed in \>^-'j'2. There was nc regular Methodist aiiiioiutmcuf 
prior to tliat lime. The first churcii was eiectetl in is;)4. Tliere was a 
new edifice built in front and nearer the street in 1838. The old one is 
used now as a Sabbath school room. 


was erected in 1864. Before its erection the few Catholics in Hacketts- 
lown and vicinity wi>rshi])i>ed in ;i house near the ]S[orris and Essex 

The sclu)ol facilities ol llackeltslown are unsurpassed. The fine 
ihrce-story ])ublic school building was erected in 1874, at a cost of $oO,- 
000. The school (list 1 let is numb(M- 48, and there are, according to the 
report of State Sui)erinteiul;un in 1875, 648 sclu'lars in the district. The 
total amount received from all source- tor public school purposes was 

'I'lie cfiiiier stone of the- 


was laiil Sepleml)er ',', l!-^60. It is a .Melhoilist institution inde; the care 
of the Newark M. K. Conference. Hackettst(nvn was selected as the site 
of tliis institution because of the grandeur of its scenery, the purity of its 
water ;ind tiie of its climate. The building cost over 
:f;'300,000 and is free of debt. It has under the I'residency of Rev. George 
■'. Whitiipy. I>. [), enjoyed iminterrupted [lalronage and pros; erity. 
Each succeeding year has ,«<eeu this instilnlion increasing in popularity 


and usefulness. Many stiuli'iils seeking admission are turned awaj- for 
want of room to accommodiiTr them. It is designateti to afford the 
amplest facilities for both sexes to receive a superior education, and to 
prepare young im n fwr iIh' higher classes in college or theological 

Hackettstown is favorably situated for the introduction of water, and 
the reservoir built at Sclioole5'^^'s Mountain amplj- supplies the town. 
The income Irom the water works is a source of profit to the town. 

The " First National Bank of Hackettstown" is considered one of 
the stauncliest moneyed instituti(His in the county. The present officers 
of the borough are : >[ayor, Cliarles J. Reese; Clerk, Anson G. Protz- 
man ; Constables, F. J. h^mitli, Chailes Carpenter, John F. Meridian; 
Justices of Peace, Jolin K. Carr, S. C. Lari-ou, Jjs. K. Rice. L. J. 
Yoimgblood ; Council, J. L. Winters J. O. Park, W. K. Hoffman, Amos 
Read, M B. Bowers, W. L. Heist, G. W. Smith. 

New fire-proof Laboratory 'or classics iu prnoiical Clieiuisilry. TIio buUdins, whi^h 
will accviniinodite nearly 200 b ■arclerts. i^ proiioiuifed to be one o£ the fiiicst in tli- land ; 
heau-a by bieaii!. lighted vritU ira.^, with mountain >priii;; water iji every r oni. Has lieon 
crowded durius the [■a.-'t ?ix years, and nKiny have Iieen refused from :a''k of t :i.n. 
Catalogue tree. 









Ollope lYr-i-nralory for Vouii({ Aim. Ladies (kiUe^c si'iHt^ egre"a C ursftsin 
iiclenee, Art. MitMlr, Klocutl..n, Oonimoreial branebos. Oyinnasinin for youoK meu. 
NewGymnaslnm for I,nclle«. 

Hackettstown Business Directory. 

F. H. Bi;yan & Co.. real estate, fire and life insur-jnce 
Charles Hairliouse, watchmaker ana jeweler 
L. H. JSalmoM, lumber, lime, agrirrulural tools, etc 
Centenai'v Colleo-iate Insrinite. Rev. (i^o. H Whit- 
ney. D. D.. Pres 
John Toepfpr. bakery, grocery, etc 
F. ^y. Klui)})leberg s Son, books, stationery, etc 
A. C. Howell. Vienna restauiant. European plan 
T. C. Plate, watchmaker and jeweler 
R. Q. Bowers & Sun, Hackettstown foundry and ma- 
chine shops 
Wade Brothels, hardwt^re. etc 
Wm. F. Shields, Ph. G., pharmacies 
Aug. Dickerson, fine light carriages and sleighs 
W. G. Stutphin. (Ir-o-^ p,j^,l nvdi.":n's 
J. H. Vesceliiis. di-y ami f.iiicy goods 
Thomas Shields, Jr., custom tailor, hats, etc 
A, B. Buell, pliotograplier 



Fine jliiotorjrapiis of all hinds, -Cull and 

see Ills pii'tui'ts. 




Coughs, Colds, Croup, Pneumonia, Hoarseness. 
bore Throat, Bronchitis, Whooping Cough, 
and all diseases leading to Pulmon- 
ary Consumption and Bleed- 
ing at the Lungs. 

This coinbhuitiou is made by request, to uieet the 2^i"<->- 
lessional demand. U is approved and extensivel3^ jn-escribed 
by the medical fraternity. 

Tlie Hypophosphites contained in tliis preparation are 
free from impurities, and neutral, conditions insisted on by 
Dr, Churchill as necessary to efficiency. 

Price 25 cents, 50 cents and $1.00 per bottle. 

Sl^ CAUTION. — 'I'lie Public is strictly cautioned against 
usin<^' so-called Coui^h Syru]>s or Cough Mixtures, w^n(i are 
offered for sale with sealed corks, to prevent evaporation. All 
these contain chloroform, chloric-ether, ether, and other vola- 
tile and injurious drugs (may be known by theii' color) which 
only give temporary or a false relief, and cause drowsiness, 
bad after-effects, or leave a burning, sweet taste. By the use 
of these preparations the system acquires tlie dreaded opium 
or morphine habit, and but a smaU portion of the general 
public have any adequate idea of the strength of this habit, or 
of the great difficulty and impossibility, in most cases, of un- 
aided cure. The chief responsibility, indeed, with the habit- 
lies in the initiation rather than in the continuance of the 
habit ; you cannot, like the user of alcohol and tobacco, by a 
strong effort of the will, shake oft' its chains. 



Prepared after a valuable prescription written by the late 
Dr. Willard Parker, of New York City. Guaranteed a sure 
CUKE for 

Dyspepsia, Sick or Nervous Headache 

Price 75 t;entS. -S^ i)t Uy iii,u\. to any adMifs:-. on leceqit 
of price, li^e abuve Prescripucuis are prepared only by 

WM. F SHIELDS, Ph. C Pharniacfst 

Haokettsiown, TJew Jersey, 



Hackettstown Directory. 

Albert Ann. E., freeholder, North Haokettstown 
Albertson E. H., merchant. North of RR 
Albertson Samuel, g-entl-man, Eastside Plain 
Aijgar (xeo. W., butcher, Pl-iin 
Ackley Wm. A., butcher, Main 
Allen Samuel H., carpenter. Mechanic 
"Allen Ja'^ob C, lawyer, Moore 
Allen George, laborer, Main 
Ayers Amanda, freeholder, Hope 
Ajogar Mrs. Phoebe, freeholder. Plain 
Apgar Archibald, farmer. Willow Grove St 
Avers .I.Tmes. '^^^"^"!''''"er. M^^''^rf' 

FELil&LEININ&EPi. ^°^-i?I^t^<^U"^^:^l. '"' FUENrME. 

Alb-rt Ed uv. Plain 
Baggot Richard, orakeman, C'-^ntre 
Baggot Heistand. painter. Centre 
Baggot Jesse, laborer. Centre 
Bird James F., carriage maker. Willow Grove 
Bird James T).. Water 
Bird Thomas, cjirpenter. Water 
Bird ^Ym. E., Mechanic 
]3ird John S., Itiborer, Mechanic 
B-'U .Inhu J., farmer. Bell's Lane 
Bell Mil ton. presses clothing. Bell's Lane 
B^ll Wm. H.. railroader, W.-ishington 
Bell John, huckster. Mechanic 
Bell John H., hurk-ter. Mechanic 
Bell Rachel H.. huckster. Mechanic 
Bell Mrs. Elizabeth, householder, cor Mill and Wil- 
low (Tro\e 
Bell Jacob C. landlord, cor Mill and Willow Grove 
Bell Obidiah. farmer, Bell's lane 
Bell Wm. P.. laborer. Bell's lane 

'n^^n»...4i.> "D ^*^-> /^. A rr A 'tTo cute fof Dyapopsia, Sick or 
iiySp8pllC Il8II18uy Nervous Ueaaa<-he. Ouarauioea. 



. M . IN U ri 1 U PI . H EAT EKS A N D K A N GES. 

Bowlby Frank, furniture, etc, H .x>e 

Brown Alfred, nianuf of clothing, Churcli and Main 

Brown Mrs. Sarah, householder. Chur<-h and Main 

Brown Henry. ciU'riaiie l)us. Main 

Ko^V€»rs R. Q.. tdundry, etc. Willow Grove 

Bowers Ro))ert Ct., foundry, ere, WilioAv Grove 

Bowers Michael B., foundry, etc, Willow Grove 

Bowers Elizabeth P., hou-eholder. Willow Grove 

Branr Thomas H., carriage bus, Hope 

Brant Frank H., taxidermist, Hope 

Brant James S., carriage trinimei-. Maiu 

Baldwin \Vm., mason. North Hackettstown 

Baldwin Mrs , Margarer, householder, N. Hackertst'n 

B'uress Robert, laborer. North Hackettstown 

Burress Theodore, laborer, N Hackettstown 

Bill)y Jessie S., grocer. Main 

Bilby Johathan. farmer AVillow Grove 

Bilby Aaron, laborer. Mechanic 

Bilby ?higene, carriage bus. Mechanic 

BlackwelJ, Frank, butcher, Main 

pM'H m itiSEs7°^II7g.u°°^i. ^'- furItm . , 

Blackwel] Isaac N., carpenter^ Mechanic 

Burrell James, Blacksmith, Main 

Branigan Patrick, trackwalker. Railroad 

Brotran James, laborer, Dublin 

Buit Frank, laborer, Dublin 

Beatty Jacob H., mason, Rockport 

Beatty Geo. A., merchant, Rockport and Hope 

Beatty Roltt., J., carriage trimnjei', Mechanic 

Beatty James, mason. Mechanic 

Beatty Wm. T., mason. Mechanic 

Beatty Jrdm C., grocer, Hope 

Itiicll A. li.. pliot()grai)lie]', Hiylit 

Beatty .lolm H., Uiilier, Grotc^n Mills 

Brands David F., )vtiied, cor Moore and Madison 

Bertron John, raihoader, HackettstcAvn 

lii\Vaii V. II. X <'o., i-eal estate and tir-. ai;d life 

insuiajice agents. Main 
Bertron Edwin, i'ailr.>ader, Hackettstown 
Bryan Fred H., real estate and insurance agt. Main 
Bryan Margaret M., householder, Willow Grove 


205 Northampton Street, Epstoo, Pa. 

Tbe reliable store tor Black Goods. 

TiJtj BEST GOODS lor the LEA^iT MONLY at 

H. I. HORTON'S, Eastoii, Pa. 


B irkf^r Charle-s, retired. Snarp 

Bird B'red, carri-ige trimmer, Willow Grove 

Bird J. Ferdinand, carriaire trimmer, Willow Grove 

Crane Dr. Theodore, physician, VV^asliington 

Ct'ane Theodore Jr., drug oierk, Main 

Crane Isaac W,, water snperiiitendent, ''rank's Mill 

Crane Sophia B.. h<>useh'>]de]-. Crane's Mill 

Crane John T., Jaborei', Me( lianic 

Curtis Josh'.ia. milk bus. Main 

Curtis Jos. W., dentist. Main 

Curtis Geo. P.. printer, Main 

Cramer Mrs. Mary B., householdpr, AVashington 

Cramer EphraimI)., retired, Wa'-hington 

Cramer, Wm. B., carriage manfr. Main 

Cramer Aaron Jr., carriag*^ manfr, Washington 

Crawford David B., ,-arriage manfr, Wasliington 

Clawson Mrs. Cathaiine, liouscholder, Washington 

Clawson Lewis, carpenter, Rockport 

Clawson Alpheus, carpenter, Valentine 

Cook Dr. John S., physician. Mill 

FELIX SiLEIiilH&ES, ^"-^JtSiJ-^^i^ ^' - FURKITURR 

Cook Jos. M.. fnrnaceman. Mill 

Cook David M., bank clerk, Moore 

Cook S. Piers<7n, lawyer and publisher, Main 

Cook Silas C, i>rjntei. Mill 

Cook Richard P., physician. Mill 

Clawson Talmage, laborei-. High 

Claws(m Jacob S., lab')rer. Mechanic 

Clawson Stex)hen, laborer. Mechanic 

® ijTo Jr jyfim. J. mt 

E-l ABLISH ^:D 1857. 

Clawson Wai. D., lal»orer, vV^itei- 
Claw.-(»n Alfred, huckstei-. Washingroii 
Clawson Wm. 11., hdxMvr. Washingt.-n 
C.awson M)s. Alhvd, householder, \Vashington 
Cook Benj. B., paintei-. Hockport 

cSes WriDEeiVffa*rMacliiiies, etc., at WADE BROS.' 

HM "kinDfnnv wholesale and retail dealer in hardware, stoves 

I __ 


Cook Fiederick. clerk, Muure 

Couk Williani, clerk. Moore 

Cook Charle>, i)riii1er. Mill 

Cook AiiJia. lioLiselioldei', Main 

Cook Kate, householder, Main 

Cuinniins Eliza M., householder. Main 

Cummins Thomas, laborer, Dublin 

Cummins Patsy J., nightwatclmian at depot, Dublin 

Cummins John, Dublin 

Cunnnins Charles, Dublin 

Coats .lames, gardener, Moore 

Chur.'htield Thomas, janitor pub school, Washington 

Crannon Michael, laborer. Centre 

Crannon I'africk, laborer, Dublin 

Crate Mary A., householder, Hope 

Clark Ivichaicl, moulder. Mechanic 

Clark Benson S.. moulder, cor. Main and Moore 

Colclough Susan, milliner. Main 

Colclough Pho'be, milliner. Main 

Car[)enter Clias., chief i)olice. Liberty 

FELIX & LEININ(}ERy^°^°iii2?^:"^^ "'•■ FURNITURE, 

Carpenter TJieodore, laborer. Liberty 

Chaml)Hrlaiu A. P., householder, Willow (irove 

Coirnll Joseph, laborer. High 

Cole Uobt. A., cashier bank. Main 

Cole ]3enj. P., retired. Main 

Colback JfJin, laborer, Railroad avenue 

Cair Jolm K., collector. High 

Crtjuc Di'uuis, I'jili'oader, Dublin 

"Conway Wm.. J-ailroader, Dublin 

Carter .loliii L.. dentist, Hope 

Curl Da\'i(l. njasoii, Kockport 

Courtright Edgar, miller, Washington 

Culler A. W., rai-mer. Kocki>ort 

Cornelius J5artley, laborer. Mechanic 

Caiiiiilit'ld Margaiel M., householder, Mechanic 

Cole ^ihI.soii, Alechanic • 

Cortiighi peter, lalu^rer, Washington 

C'regar (Jhas. W., laborer, Washington 

Corwin Haiinon, laborer. Mill 

Cruykciidall Prol'., teacher, Institute 

A y. -J .-.^-.p- \T*lf -iof) Ndithami.toii St. Tli'- onlv phice to 

.HOUSEFriiNISKING GOODS GEXIKALLT TJ M y,r\limV,;a ron+flll Dr, 
Tfjf BEST GOODS tor ihe LEaST MONEY at H, Ifi, l\UiLiUri k), LdiuUll. id. 


Ciiinniins N»^lson. labiiivr. Dublin 

Davis Jacob W., lawyej-, WilluAv Grove 

DeF'in-est. Jjinies W.. (-arriage bus, Mechanic 

Derenier Isaac, blacksmith. Main 

Deivnier Abiain, niacliinit^t, W. Grove 

Dereuier Watson, mouldej-, Main 

Deremer Wm. P., laborer, Main 

Derenier Jacob, grocer, Main 

Deremer John, carpentH]-. Ho[e 

Deremer John, bendei', Hope 

Deremer Gideon, rarpe^iter, Monroe 

Denee David L., Inttcher, W. Grove 

Dilley James B., travelling salesman, W. Grove 

Downs Ohas. S., huckster. AVashington 

Downs h^dgar P., groc^^r. Main 

Downs Sylvian, retired. Willow Grove 

Dow William, blacksmith. Main 

Dow Prank, teacher, Main 

Dickson John B., painter. Sharp 

Dolan Michael, railroadei-. Dt^iblin 

FELIX JiLEIMfflSER, """i^'l^tSkr^lt "- FUPtNlfllRE. 

Dolan Wm., railroader, Dublin 
Dolan Jas. railroader, Li>)erty 
Dolan Jacob, railroader, Liberty 
Dickerman John, laborer, Rockport 
Dill Isaac S., retired, Rogkport 
Douglass Wm. L., tailor. Main 
Dalrymple, J. W., physician, Hope 
Dilts Jonas, teamster, Willow Grove 

Hackettstown Foundry & Machine Shops. 

Maniifat'tDi-fr* ot 

AgricTiilnral linplcments, I'low Cju^tinirs to fit all jiIoms in ircn- 

croJ nm; WroHylU and C'aet Iron f(n- huUding t^ridfies, etc. 

Dickerson Pierson, carriage bns. H()pe 
Drak«^ William, retired, Moore 
Drake Rachael, householder. Moore 
Dugan John L., laborer, Moore 
Dedrick Thomas, librarian. Main 




Dellicker, A H., lawyer and surveyor, Rockport 

Deiiiun Wm.. cutter,* Washingtoii 

Doiublayer Isaac, laborer, Washington 

DubbonJolm IS., lalxjrer, AVashington 

Dubbon Fred J., laborer. AVasliington 

Drake Chas. M., teacher. Rockport 

Enions .losp])h, railioadnr, Meciianic 

Everitt .1. Milton, hainessninker. Main 

Everitt James, licket agenr. l)e})Ot 

Eveiitt. AVm. M., freight ag^nt. De]iot 

Everitt Geo. T., express agenr, AVashington 

Everitt Frank, Washington 

Foster Wallace, laborer. Mechanic 

Foster Samuel, laborer, Mechanic 

Flock, J. D., merchant. Main 

Ferris E. M., mail agent, AA''ashington 

Frazer G. AA".. huckster. AA^ashington 

Frazer Peter, laborer. AA''ashington 

P"'reeman A. G.. dentist. Main 

Fisher Simon,* retired. Church 

FELII & LEIMIN&ER, ''°^- Ji°^l.^g?^:":^A1 "•- FURNITORE. 

Fitzgerald AVm., laborer. Church 

Fagan Anson, contractor. Moore and Monroe 

Goodman John, laborer. Mill 

Gibbs Levi B.. retired. Main 

{-ruiick Abrnni, clerk, AA'ashington 

(xulick John E.. laborer, Washington 

Gnli. k Cornelius, laborer, AA'ashington 

Gerai'd James E.. cai'pentei- 

(jrinies JoliJi. cairiagH ti-imuipr. Washington 

Grogan Jiinies. raili'oader, ])ul>liM 

Grogun David, i-ailroader. J)ul>lin 

(Tiles Wti). S. rptiivd, Main 

(Tiles Henry, diives haciv, Mooie 

Giles (TPOige. cr.iiijige bus. Mechtinic 

Gi"ay Richaid H.. lal»orei'. Mechanic 

<TraTil i^.l-(M■t.• blacksmith. Meclianic 

Grovend\ ke David, rarniei' 

Garrison William, laborer, Rockjiort 

Gaddis John, mason. AVater 

Glover O. G., agent, Main 

J^NDREWS & NOLF, "iX^^-^XS, 

large awulag la troat < t store. 





Horn Harrison, railroader, Centre 

Horn Anna, householder. Centre 

Hotfnian Elias, laborer. Centre 

Hoffman Wni. K., ndller, 

Hoffman J. D,. merchant, Hope 

Hoftnian Gilbert, cari^entei-. Church 

Hoft'man William, retired. Sharp 

Hoffman Alfred, teamster. Lumber 

Hott'man Paul J)., agent, Wades Row 

Hance Alfred, butcher, Main 

Hance Stewart, cabinet maker. W Grove 

Howell Charles, furniture maker. Plane 

Howell Henrietta, householder, Washington 

Howell Isaac B., furniture maker, Washington 

Howell Thomas B., bakery, Hoj)e 

Howell Frank, furniture. Main 

Howell Alexander C, Warren 

Haywood Edwin, carriage maker, Little 

Haines Ji-hn M., laborer 

Haggerty Wanvn, millwiight. Water 

FELIX & LEffllSHER; '"■'■:Sl£^'S.i^^ r^i^ "- FORNIME. 

Haggerty Matilda, householder,- Mill 
Hummer James A., janitor institute. Mechanic 
Hummer A. 0:, sexton M. E. church. Monroe 
Hummer B. C, laborer, Madison 
Hummer Jos. D., sexton Presby church, Mechanic 
Hnnkison John, tinsmith, Main 
Heist Wm. L.. boarding iiouse. High 
Hairlioiise Cliarle*--, jeweler, etc., Main 


'4.'li(>iLx- Ijieail, rukt's. Coiifectioii-, Flc.ur and (iroct-ricH of ;ill kinds 

are always on hand. 

Hairliouse William, jeweler, etc.. Main 
Hildebrant, J. T.,^ stock dealer. Main 
Tlildebrant Cornelius. car]>entHr. Washington 
H:iz<-it .b)iiu M.. siishaud blind malvei. High 
Heed L. H.. carriaae niaker, Merhaiiic 

Guns, Ammunition, &c., at Wades' Wf^areSiore. 




Heed Edward, laborer, Hope 

Heed John, innsician, Ho|)e 

Harry Mrs. Frances, houseliolder, Rockport 

Hall Mrs. Anna, householder, Hope 

Hall Wiix. P., laborer, Hope 

Hall James, laborer, Hope 

Heyd D. B., trackman, 

Hoiff G. W., engineei', Main 

Herre Chas. G., tailor, Washington 

Henehan Thomas, track boss. Railroad ave 

Hendershot Fred, mason. Mechanic 

Hartman Wm., laborer, Mechanic 

Hann Aaron H., laborer, Hope 
Heath Emanuel, laborer, 
Heath Aiexnnder. laborer, ^ 
Hammond A. O., teacher. Institute 
Hrirt Mrs. Abba, householder, Main 
Hart Wm. K., carriage maker. Main 
Hayes George, laborer, at Furnace 
Henry Patrick, laborer, 

FELIX &LEINIHGEE, ■'"■:fe°ll.t^^U''lg^i? °'- MSMRE. 

Hopkins George, laborer, 

Hoover Henry, laborer. 

Hawk Walter, laborer, 

Harmon Fied. laborer. Seminary 

Harden Philander, baker. Seminary 

Heuber Geo., butcher, Main 

Ivory John, watchman RR.. Railroad ave 

Ivory Thomas, watchman RR., Railroad ave 

Ike Jacob, laborer, W. Grove 

Johnson Clifford, clerk, Main 

Johnson George, merchant, N. Main 

Johnson Morris, merchant, N. Main 

Johnson Jabe J., wheelwright. Centre 

Johnson Wm. L., invalid. Main 

Johnson Geo. W. Jr., merchant. Main 

Johnson Geo. W. Sr., agent, Washington 

Johnson Maria J., householder, Washington 

Johnson E. C, boot and shoe store, Main 

.Johnson Levi, boot and shoe store, Main 

Johnson Caleb, hack driver, American House 

AUnDCMfQ A lini C '-KX* I^ortbamptoD 8tre«t, EpetoD, Pa. 
HnUnLfffO tt nULl^ The reliable store (or Black Goods. 

The BEST GOODS for the LEAST MONEY at fli lUi llUrilUil 0. LdiilUll. rcli 


Jolinson Maillati, householder, Washington 

Jones Casper, retired, Mooiv 

Kelly Charles, laborer. Centre 

Kelly Richard, hack driver, Main 

Ii.lii!>|>e]l»er^ F, W., musician, Rockport 

Kluppelberg Enitha, householder, Rockport 

Kluppelberg William, merchant, Hoj^e 

Keggan M,, laborer, 

Keggan John S., merchant stoves, etc., Hope 

Katz Manness, clothing and dry goods, Main 

Klotz Nathan, butcher, Main 

Klotz Jos. D., drover, Main 

Klotz Abram, drover, Moore 

Klotz &: Ackley, butchers. Main 

Klotz Mrs. Mary E., householder, Moore 

Krause Joseph, stonecutter, etc., Main 

Kempf Carle, F., boots and shoes, Main 

Karr John R., merchant, Rockport 

Karr Mrs. Jennie, householder. Rockport 

Kinsey Robert, painter, Rockport 

: PELIX & LEINHER, " "'r^li t'^ W^It ^'- FURSI TDRE. 

Kemple John E., harness maker, 

Kern Cha'les, retired. Water 

Keiiiiey C. C. photographer, High 

King Geo. W. Jr., furniture and undertaker, Hope 

King Geo. W. Sr., farmer, Hope 

King &Bo\vlby, furniture, etc.. Main 

King Wm. D., farmer. High 

LozierS. Morgan, Uarksnjith, Mechaiiic 

L'ivvri y Rev John, clpi-gyinan. pastor pres. eh.. Mill 

Hacketts'own, New Jersey, 


Pine and Hemlock Lumber, also Sash, Blinds 

/tool-!*, l/iiiic, (rtiifut. Fertilisers, Si/rariise J^Iohs inul I'i.rltin-n, 

l.oweiT Saiiford S.. retired. Mechanic 
Litrk- John JS., water rent collector, Mechanic 
Loder Gershani, teams:er. Main 
Loder Robert carriage maker. Main 
Loder Tliomas, carriage maker. Main 

SHIELDS ■ntrnnftiA+in TJoiitft/l^r ^ *'"''^ '^^^'^ ^"^' L)y8I>cpijia, Sict or 

n_._„_„i.:_ TJ /»,,,« J-r A sure cure tor Dyspepsia, Sict or 
UySpepilC XVenieCiyi Nervous Headache. Guaranteea. 

HM \inr,T.n\T wholesaleandketaildeai,erin hardware, stoves 


Latxich Leroy, engineer. Main 

Layalicr Wm. 'i\, raniages. Main 

La'ya]i<'r Wm. C, painter. Main 

Led with Thomais. grocei-. Hope 

Lariison S. C, coa] dealer, liope 

Lake JettVrson, laboivr. Merhanic 

Lake Mrs. ISaiali. lious^^liolder, Water 

Lake Thomas, retired. Water 

Lunger Jacob, raih^oader, 

Lee J-'S. W. A., te.egra))h office, Rockport 

Lutt" Nutt, cigarmaker. Main 

Lord J. H., blacksmith, Main 

Lyons Tobias, laborer. Liberty 

Lampson J. S.. mail agent, Washington 

Little Frank, manufacture of clothing. Main 

Mosely Patrick, laborer. Cutler's Lane 

M''Cracken Mrs. Sarah, householder, Main 

McCracken William, j)rop. of warren house. Main 

McCracken Peter, laborer. Mechanic 

McCracken Frank, clerk, Main 

FELIX & LEISIS6ER, '''"• j?iA/g,U°''^i' ^'•' FURNITURE. 

Mack S. R., carriages, Main 

Ma<'k .1. Farley, carriages. Main 

Marlatt .Jolm, caipenter, Washington 

Marlatt Aaron, teamster. Lumber 

Mailatt Jacob P., retired. Lumber 

Marlatt Wm. H., carpenter, Washington 

Marlatt Wm., baggage ng>^nr, AVashington 

Milhani Wm., soldier, 

Mettler Win. ]) , harness niaker. Main 

]\Iunn .losiiua. cutter. Rockjioit 

Miller Lay ton L., laborer, Mechanic 

Millar Henry, turning bus, Hope 

Miller Wm. tSi-., blacksmith, AVillow Grove 

Mill*-]" .lei'ry, mason, WilloAv Grove 

Miller Siniuel \V., carpenter. Mechanic 

Miller Willianj Jr., ])lacksmith. Willow Grove 

Miller HoUoway, mason, Willow Grove 

Miller Elmer, lalxuer. Willow Grove 

Miller David, retired, Rock})ort 

Miller Jesse S., clerk, Moore 

AMnnrilfO O tIAl P sell the BEHT H.OO and |1.2e»EID 

ANUntWo & llULr gloves in easton, pa. age north 

r-|i«kriik|fx^ %A ivwhi J AMPTON street. 

HUUoKFUliNxSiHlAti GUUUS UE.V ORALLY. TJ Iff llTnDfpniJIC! T?Qptmi Pq 
The BEST GOODS for the LEAST M®NEy at fli llli nUlllUll Ui JJldolUlli idi 


Mueklow John B., hatter, Main 
Martin Amanda, householder. Mill 
Martin James C, contractor. Liberty 
Martin Akl n E., physician. High 
Martin Emma E., householder, Main 
Martin Charles, retired. Mill 
McLean Amos, carriages, Moore and Main 
McL-an A. W., creamery 
McDonald Daniel, railroader 
McClellan J. F., detective, American House 
McCleilan George M., clerk, American House 
McClellan David, hardv^are store, Main 
McClellan Emily A., householder. Main . 
McClellan Silas M., harness dealer. Main 
McDead Patrick, laborer, Liberiy 
Ma'.;kmahon Thos. Jr., laborer, Liberty 
McCann \Vm., laborer. Liberty 
Martenis A. Judson, clerk, Hcjpe 
Martenis Henry IS., laborer, Monroe 
Maberry A. & K., milliners, Main 

FELIX & LEININSER, """jfl^t'^k^'^j? "'- FMITURE. 

Menih Edward, blacksmith, Mechanic 

Manderville Edward, j)rinter, Main 

Murphy James, laboi-er 

Mereil Wm. C, clerk; Hope 

Merell David, farmer, Washington 

Mattison Wm., carriage maker. Valentine 

Mattison Amos, millwiight, Church 

Mattison Oram, clerk. Church 

Mucheler J, H., canal boss. North Hackettstown 

McConnel Wm. A., laborer, Dublin 

McCarty Mrs., householder. Liberty 

Mead Peter F., student. Institute 

Monroe Rev. John H., pastor M. E. church. Main 

McWhei John, laborer 

Nipher J. X., blacksmith. Water 

Neal A. N., printer, Washington 

Nunn Miller R., lumber and undertaker,^Hope 

Neighbor Theo., sexton ceraete)-y, Washin^^ton 

Neighbor Lawrence, painter, Washington 

Neighbor Morris, carriage trimmer, Washington" 

Mechanics Tools of all kinds at Wade Brothers. 



ISoian Thomas, insp of ties on RR, Monroe 

Newsotne \\'u\. S.. sriulent. St-miiitivy . 

Osman !S<;rali A., liouseJi'-Mt".-. Willow G-i-ove 

Osniaii (.'lia)'it-s, ciiriev. M.ii'i 

Osnian Klislia railroader, Mniii 

Osniaii Anna M., lionsfhoMer, W. Gi'ove 

Osnian .lo-^ej))! E.. Wa shir 2 ton 

Osnian Joseph, huckster. iVrain 

Osnian Ziha. invalid. W. Grove 

Osnian Jonah H.. detectivn. Liberty 

Osnian Sannie! B.. blacksmith, Valentine 

Osnian E. Milton, engineer, Rockport 

Osnian Jo>e-ph, works on canal. Mill 

Osman* Ephraim. blacksmith 

Osman Wilson, farmer 

Ohay Michael, laborer, Dublin 

Osmun Mrs. Sarah M.. houselnJder, Willow Grove 

Odell Frank, machinist. Willow Grove 

Palmer Wm. E., Seminary 

Pi'ice R. S., Co. supt. pub. schools, (^hiii'ch 

FELU & LElNIMEfi, '""■:^lli°J^r^l'. "•-WrmMEE. 

Price Archibald, retired. Mechanic 
Parks John O , 'grocer. Main 
Parks l)avid Jr., shoemaker, Main 
Parks Lutlier. JSorth Hackettstown 
Pyles F.. C, carpenter. Main 


Tli'^ subscrlbtT 1ms iil huul -uid for s.ili- tin- bost assorted s'ock of 

Clocks, Watches, Jewelry. Silver, Silver 
Plated Ware and Optical Goods 

in Imvii. He ronfinos hiiiiNcll to this bualiie s exclusively, anil liis loni; I'.xiie- 

rleni'H In the irtiilc oiiMhIcM him lo ylvp tlic very be.-<t 

satlsfaiUlDii !<i iiil Ills i-iis:oi)iprs. 

\tiir itrjtoi. iiA( KiyiTsnm s. a, -/. 

iJiii'TtMiJKH^ 1880. KSTA POLISH ED isr,:;. 

Pool John, i)aiiiter 
Pool p. ter. blacksmith. Mill 
Pool Edward, mason. Main 
Pool Alvin, laborer. Wafer 

AuJuA-HM TvTAlf 20.5 Noitliaiftploii !St. The oulv ))li(C'f to 
AllUreVVb Qlt IN Oil, buy the "CONFOUMATEU" Corset. 

Tar BEST GOODS lor iheLEA- I MONEY at H, f, JNUlllUri ki, LdSlOll, id. 


Plate F. C, jeweler, Main 
Peer Alfred Jr., studeijT, Main 
Protzfiian A. G., printer, WilloAv Grove 
P-^rry Robt., lulK-rer, Main 
Pickle Edvvai-d, laborer 
Perry Samuel, farmer. Mill 
I'oiTer Kuril P. C, householder, Main 
Polisse Ge(.»i'gv, peanut stand. Main 
R-eese Chas. J., mayor "of town, Rockport 
R^ad Mrs. Hannah B.. lion-, -holder, High 
Read Audiew J., laborer. Mechanic 
Read Noah, carp*inter, Washington 
Read Andrew, lab(ner, RR ave 
Read Anio< S., huckste]-, High 
Ricliarason E. K.. teacher, Hope 
Ritrenhouse Win. 8., teller in bank. Church 
RitCenhouse Charles, posttnaster. Main 
Ri[tenhouse Brothers, pub. (jdzette. Main 
Rittenhouse Caroline, householder. Main 
Rice Jos K., justice of peace. Washington 

FELixirEimS8ER, ^"-^^i^^r^l^. "'- FUPJI'ME. 

Rice Peter, grocer. High 

Rice & Dereiner, grocery men. Main 

Rod la Wm. S., butcher. Main 

R isiing Rober; Jr., lumber Inisiness, Hope 

RiisIingJos. M., painrer, Will()W Grove 

Rusling & iS'unn. luuibe)- and I'lnd^'r raking, Hope 

Rusiing Geoige M., civil engineer and suiv'r, Wash'n 

Rusling James J., turning and bending. Hope 

Rusling Mrs. Mary, householder, Main 

Redinger Jaco)), shoemaker, Rockport 

Redinger Frederick, barber, Rockport 

Redinger Charles, painter, Rrckport 

Redinger Lewis, laborer, Rockport 

Redinger Ja<v)b Jr., barber. Rockp<u-t 

Ri ker iJavid, carpenter, Sharp • 

Rea Mrs. Mary, householder. Main 

Rea Samuel, drugs and medicines, Hope 

Rea Geo. M., cutter. Main 

Robbins Thomas S., Clarend<m Hotel. Rocki)ort 

Roipli Aaron, grocer, Main 

QLJ T tr T OQ* CompcuntI Syrup of Wild Cherry with Hypopboeltes 
Oin. 1 JJ< J-^ J_yO ot Lime and Soda. Sure cure lor coughs, croup, etc. 




Reading Robt. M., retired, Hope 

Rusling Geo. M., surveyor, Washington 

Ricliter Edward, barber 

Rolpb & Skinner, grocers. Main 

Smith Mrs. Tanison, honsehL-lder, Mechanic 

Smith Marilda, householder, Main 

Smith Mary, householder. Main 

Smith Rosilla, householder, Main 

Smith Jesse, painter. Mechanic 

Smith Isaac R., labor^-r, Mechanic 

Smith Fi'ederick, carpenter, Moore 

Smitlj Geo. W., carpenter, Moore 

Smith James L., grocer, Main 

Smith Jas. B,, retired, Mechanic 

Smith Robert, clerk, Mechanic 

Smith Edgar A., laborer. Wade's Row 

Smith Edward, laborer. Wade's Row 

Naliiioii L. H., lumber, etc , Hope 

Saunders Geo. C, <-arpentei'. Warien 

FELIX & LEININHEE, '"''■:^%i^^r^lt "'- FQENIT UEE. 

Saunders J. E., cari)enter. Centre 
Sharp Amanda, hou^eholdei-, Washington 
Stoddait Walter, .ivery. Lumber 
Stoddart Wm., Jivery, Lumber 
Stoddart Henjy, gardener. Mechanic 
Stoddart Thomas, gardener. Mechanic 
Stoddart Henry Jr., painter, Mechanic 
Swayze T. B., blacksmitli. High 
Swurtz IVter. laborer, Water 
NI|i€»l<l!N W, P., drugs and medicines. Main 
Shields J;icob A., coal dealer, Hope 
Shiekls John, retired, Mechanic- 
Shields Inday, blacksmith. Hope 
Slii<>l«ls Thomas Jr., clothing store. Main 
Stephens Saml. K., retired. Mechanic 
Stephens R. Preston, retired, Wasliington 
Stiyker Isaac R.. builder arid contractor. AVashingt'n 
Stryker Henry, builder and (X)ntractor, Washington 
l!iiii|»liiii W. <;., drugs and medicines, Main 
Slater A. H., Centre 


The BEST GOODS tor the LEAST MONEY at fl. ill. llUIllUn U, IldJ^lUll. id. 


Slater Elias R., mason. Moore 
. "Slater Irving, laborer, Moore 

Sliker John B., liverv. Main 

Sliker Thomas, laborer, Warren 

Sliker DavicT, laborer, AVarren 

-Sidenor Wm., cooper, Willow Grove 

Sidenor Anderson, carriage workman. Centre 

Stilwell Radford, painter. Main 

Sutton AVm. C, blacksmith, Plane 
•Sutton Andrew J., engineer, Liberty 

Sullivan Dennis, laborer. Railroad ave 
: Schenck Wmi. A., telegraph op. Hope 

Stewart Wm. R., farmer, Rockport 

Shotwell, Arch., laborer, Washington 

Slack Jno. K., conductor. High 

Seguine Jos., mason. Washington 

Shockinsey Jos., laborer, Liberty 

Saatz Ferdinand, upholster 
-Standish John, laborer. Liberty 

Stitt* Chas. E.. tinsmith. Main 

.fELII&LEININSER; ^'''■:^l^^'■^%^r^l''. "- FUMTM, 

Saulesbury L. C, horseman, Willow 

Search Geo., brakeman, Hope 

Stivers Prof. E. L., teacher. O. C. Institute 

Skinner B. F.. grocer, Main 

Schmeal Walter, boatman, N, Hackettstown 

Sharp Jno. B., retired, church 

"Taylor Eli, carpenter, Main 

F. H. BRYAN <5c CO., 


.A. C3r -E isr re & . 

Moneu to loan on Bond find Min'tijuge. Loans neffoliated, 
Titles Exanilned, Anrtioneerinf/ a Sperialtf/. 

, F. H. BRYAN. J. W. DAVIS. 

Tavlor Wallace, carpenter. Main 
Teeter John E.,^ telegraph op. Washington 
Trimmer Eli, farmer. Willow 
Trimmer, Asa, farmer. Willow 

1 II n D ni/CM? iinrt 205'Nortli:im])ton St.. El^tou. i'a. The 
JNUnLyVO 06 nULl, Largest Hue of DRESS TRTM.MINOS etc. 

Hiiff MnnrniM wholesale and ke tail dealer ix hakuware, stoves 
, M, JNUlliUrl. heaters A>{D KANaEx 


Ti'immei' A. \V., ciearneiy, Main 

Tii miner Andivw, letiivd, Main 

Tiiinniei' 1. B., maikel, lioi)e 

Tanibiin James, blarksniith. Cliur* h • 

Toepfei- John, l)tiker, hTc.. Main 

Tionson Wm., paintei-, Wade's Row 

Tirus C. M., ranner, H()]!e 

Titu8 Kolpli, letiied, Muoie 

Titus James J., jauitor, ^-liaip 

Th()l[)e Henry, Jaliorer, Main 

Tretlieway ^Vm. II , mining engineer, Washington 

Tilhnan (ieo. W., carpenrer. Rockport 

Trembkm Giistaviis, retired, Hope 

Tliomas David, laborer, ^Vater 

Thomas Martin R., laborer, Liijeity 

Tliomas Geo. W., retired, Hope 

Thomas James, laborer, Water 

Thomas Rev. Richard, M. E. preacher, Rockport 

Timtnons Michael, brakeman. Railroad ave 

Tharp Ira B,, laborer. Front Brook 

Fmu'LEIHIMtER, '"•'■^lii?>%!r^l^ ^'- FDENMRE. 

Tunison Geo. J . 

Tunison Henry R., carpenter, Washington 

Talmage Wm. R., retired, Main 

Teiry Robert, laborer. Main 

Thomi)son Geo. W., teamster. Main 

Thompson C. F., professor. Institute 

Terriberry .Jacob, farmer, Mechani • 

Veseeliii!* Henry, dry and fancy goods, Main 

YanDyke Jacob, bartender, Warren 

Vanscyover Mary, retired. Main 

Vail James H., trimmer, Plane 

Vansyckle, Wm. H., millwright, Washington 

Vansyckle John G , grocer, Main 

Vansyckle John L., laborer, IN. Hackettstown 

Vansyckle, Jacob, mason, Washington 

Vansyckle A. C, physician, Main 

Voorhees Theophilus, photographer, Mechanic 

Yoorhees Abram, laborer, Mechanic 

A^mHorn T. S., general store, Hope 

AVendt Fred., merchant tailor. Main 

AVoolever Abm., laborer, Libeity 

TTMr^DU^^rC Mni I? 205 Northampton St., Easton, Pa. Youcanfina i 
ii IN U iX L W O OC IN U Lr » it by tUe ane large awn Ing In Trent ( t st«re. 


H.ffl. NORTON'S. Eastoii. Pa. 


Woolever, George, laborei-, Liberty 

Woolever Chas., laborer, Liberty 

W<jolever Stewart, laborer. Liberty 

Wire Henry, laborer. Willow 

Wire Aloiizo. laborer, Warren 

IVliituey Dr. fiJeo. H., Pres. Inst., Institute 

W^hitney E A., professor. Institute 

Weeder WnL, painter. Liberty 

W^eeder Frank, laborer. Liberty 

Widenor Amzi, trackman, Liberty 

Weber Herman, barber. High 

Weber Charles, jeweler, Main 

Winters J as. L , farmer. Hope 

Winters A J., blacksmith, Hope 

Welsh Eliza J., householder. Main 

Wateis Nancy, householder. Mechanic 

Wade Frank K., hardware. Main 

White Thomas S., saloon, Hope ;. 

White John G., retired, Rockport 

W^ink Jacob, barber, Hope 

^ rELII & LE!MNli "'"-A°^,£ «\S5 °^l? "- FORNI TPRE. 

Waters Wm. L.. painter. Centre 
Wyley Jacob, carriage maker. Main 
Wyley Nelson, blacksmith, High 
^Vard Marshal, telephone op.. Mechanic 
\Va«ie Chas. ^I., hardware, W^ashingt^n 
Williamson Dan'l, carpenter. Mechanic 
Wallace Robert, tinsmith, Washington 
Wert Jno. C, bakery. Main 
Wintermiit'- Archibald, retii-ed. Maiii 
Winteruiute Geo., farmer. Washington 
Williams Wm. I)., clerk. Moore 
Waterman N. B.. drummer. Warren House 
Woodruff Wm. H., clerk, Rockport 
Wolf Jno. W., retired. Lumber 
Weav-nr H. J., teacher, Mechanic 
Youngblood L. J., justice of peace, Mill 
YonugblnodW. H.'H.. miller, Mill 
Youngblood Martin J., lawyer. Mill 
Young Thonuis, retirevi. Mill 
Young Lewis, clerk, Water 
Yoder Geo. K., shoemaker, Willow 
Y^oung Jacob, tobacconist, Hope 

Por Coughs, Golds. Croup and nflMPriTTMn ^'YPTTP ""'^ "'"'* f'^o^ry with hypo- 
Consumption use SHIELDS' UUiyirUUl'llJ 0111111 phosphatoaofllmeaDdaoda 

£ £ 






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i,iS is lltc i-ounly seal ot WaiTcn county, :ind is beainiluily located 
on eiiliersiile of Pfjqueisl creek at its court iience with tlie Deiawaie 
live)'. The south side of the creek was the poition tirst settled. 
It is regul ^rly laid out in sqiiares, and about 80 or 40 feet above the level 
of the river. Here is the piihlit- square, the Court House, aud the most 
beauiiful part ol the t«wii. Around the public park are located, with 
one exception, the churches of the town, viz : Protestant Episcopal, 
Methodist Episcoi^al, Presbyterian and Baptist Ciiurches, lacing the east, 
eoutli and west sides of the park. The Second Presbyterian Church is 
located on the north side of the river. 

Belvidere is situated about To miles from New York, Go miles from 
Philadelphia and 18 miles iibove Easton, Pa., and cont:iiris ;ibout 1,«0U 

It is 8up}M)sed thttt the portion of the town upon tlie soulli side of the 
Pequesl was at one time an Indian village Itobert Patterson was the 
first pioneer of Belvidere, and probably built the first house, which was 
torn down in 1838 by Major Depue. It was a block house, or double 
log house, as they were called in those days. The next laud owner was 
Robert Morris, who in 1798 " gave a deed of the entire tract to his son- 
in-law and daughter, (Charles and Mary Coxall." By deed dated Sept. 
30, 18'25, the entire 014 acres embraced in this tvact were transferred to 
Garret D. Wall by Charles Coxall — Mary Coxall having previously died. 
Subsequently Mr. Wall generously donated to Warren county the 
grounds upon which the county buildings stand, and the public square. 
To his generosity, also, all the churches which face tlie park, with the 
exception of the Baptist, owe the lands tt^on which the ciiurches and 
pasonages stand. The Baptists purchased their church lot of Hon. Geo. 
M. R be^oa, in 18()(). , Major Robert Hoops came to Belvidere about the 
year 1770. He gave Belvidere its present name, and was an extensive' 
land proprietor in and about the place. He acquired by purchase .soum 
500 acres of land on either side of the Pequest, including the mill .•in(l 


WHter i)()\vcr. He iittcrwMid-; creeled :i l;iri:e slaughler house on the lot 
•where now stand tlie buiUliuirs of D. C. lilair. In tliis building " large 
nnmbeis of eatlle and liogs were slauulitered and i)acked, wliicli together 
with the tlour nianiit'aeUired at the mill were transported to middle Jersey 
for the itse ot ll*e Revolntlonaiy army, and not unfrequently aJt that 
period, all the farmers wagons and sleds w'cre put into requisition to con- 
vey these articles to the half-starving thousands under the command of 
Gen. Washin^gton. in the vicinity ot Moriisiown." 

During ]\Iajor Hoop's ovvnershi}) of the land to the north of the 
Peque t, he had it surveyed and divided into town lots, and called the 
town ".ilereer,'' which remained its name for many years. This was, 
at that lime, the only business part ot the town, except the double-log or 
block-house, of Patt(.'rson's, wliich was occupied as a store, and subse- 
quently as a tavern, and the Coxall mansion, which was in all proba- 
bility built by Robert Morris about the year 1780. Belviderc is at the 
western terminus of the Lehigh & Hudson railroad, and also on the 
Belvidere & Delaware Division of the Pennsylvania railroad, and is well 
siijiljlied with good hotels. The Warren House, the American House, 
the Pequest House arc all kept in a tirst-class manner, and receive a 
liberal patronage. 

The "Belvidere House." which was built in 1831 by Chapman 
Warner, and originally intended for a store, and a dwelling, was torn 
down this Summer, (1880), and will be rei)laced by a large and com- 
modious structure, with all the conveniences of n tirstclass hotel. Tlie 


was chartered Feb. lyth, 1830, principally through the etlbrls of Hon. 
John I. Blair. The first President of the institution was John Kinney 
Jr. who held the position till his death. 1850, when John 1. Blair, Esq., 
was elected to fill the vacancy, and has held the position ever since. 
The first cashier was John Stuart, who was succeeded in 1854 b}' the 
present incumbent, Israel Harris. It was organized as a National Bank 
in 1865 with a capital of $500,000, but, in 187fi. by a vote of its stock- 
holders, the ca])ital was reduced to ."fodO.UOO. 

Belvidere is very favorably situnled ftu ii\:inufaelui iug purfXises. 
Its water ]>ower is reckoned as second lo none lu the Stale, and witli all 
the other natural advantages taken into conRiderali<»u it i>robably h:is no 
superior as a site for maiuifacturing purp^sev. The iirineiptd nianu- 
facturing establishments arc the fiouring mill?!, ol which theri' are 
several first-class ones. 

Belvidere is well supplied with churches, and has a good public 
school. Tiie first school house was a small frame structure of 14 by 20 
feet. The present buililing is a common fr^iuie one, and was eicclcd in 
1801. In 1S8.-> the total amoimt received for seluml was !§>;;, 


765.09; value ol scliool property, ^5,500; total number of children in 
district between the uaes of live and eighteen, 495. The school house 
"Will seat comfortably 300 

The present officers of the town are : flavor, John W. King; ; Clerk, 
Geo, B. Gi en ; Freeholder, Levi Ott ; Asses-sor, Wm. R. Brokaw ; 
Collector, .1. Bitten bender ; Constables, Augustus Laubach, Nelson 
Teeter; Council, Alou/.u D. Cornell, MahlonCJ. Cass, Samuel Rees, Jan- 
son K. VVildrick, John V. Deshong, Asa Kinney. 


W(U(,r i^lrrcf, HKLVIDERE, NEW JKBSEY., 

Pare Diugs uikI Medicines, Paints, Oils, Grlass, 
\"arnishes, etc., of the Be t Grades. 

Perfumes, Trusses, and Surgical 

Appiiaii'-es. Also a full lin^^ of TOILET SOAPS. 

FAUST BROS., Druggists, 


:Bol"^7-i(^oro, INT. J"., 


First ~ Class Act'otniuodations for Trftiisienf (iin'^fs. 


Belvidere Business Directory. 

Kind's We-sr End Phnrmacv 
I>e]>ue Sen & Co., tVrtiliziiii>: njciteriiil 
C. H. Jj'T'a.sJey, attorney yt-law 
G. A. Angle, attoiiiey-at-law 
P. F. Brakely, pliyyician 

WaiTfii Journdl. tw(» dc^llars a year in advance 
John B. J3i'ookiie]d, deputy bank casliier 
John 1). Deisel k Son. clothing store and tailors 
Fanst Brothers, drugs, medicines and paints 
Edward Hutchinson, constal)le and detective 
Henry S. Hairis, attojney &t-law 
Charles Ho.tglaud, grocery store 
Theodore Hopler, county clerk of Warren County 
Belcldere AixMo, two dollars a year in advance 
Charles A. L 'tt, attorney-at-law 
Frank Left'erts, homei)atliist pliysirian 
William H. i\[o'ro\v, ex judge and lawyer 
Wiliiarn ()"N'ill, Surrogate oi* Warren county 
Irvin Quick, deputy (;ounty clerk 
S<jlonion Parsons, pastor M. E. church 
Samnel J. Kau'o. dry goods and groceries 
.Joseph Rosebeiry. J. attorney-at-law 
H. K. Ramsey, proprietor Peqnest House 
Maitin C. Swarr/weller, ex-surrogate 
J. (t. Shipman «.\: Son. attorn»^y-at law 
AVilliaiM Silvei thorn, speculator 
L. D'witt 'I'ayloi'. attorney at-lav 
iTeoige H. Vaiu-anipen, slieiiff of Warren county 
William S. Wliite. dentist 

J". IDiosol db Soxis^ 



Fin^ Merchant Tailoring a Specialty. 


West -t- End -> Pliaririacy^ 

Cor. Front and Mansfield Streets, 

Dmgs, Paints, Oils, and Medicines^ 

REMKMBER when yuu have a COLD to take 








Belvidere Directory 

A ri» strong George, laborer, Market 
Anglp John H., Hsh market, AVaer 
Ackerman Abrani, carriage &lu)[>. Water 
Alliger Sanil. R., painter, Depue 
Allen Jos. E. railroader, Depne ' 

Aini«<trong Mr . Lizzie, hous holder, Fonrt.h 
viigle <jr«»«. A., lawyer, office First 
Allen Aaron H., agent, Water 
Aiken James, laborer. Water 
Barret Nathaniel, carpenter. Fourth 
Barren John, hostler, Mansheld 
Barron Howard, hostler, Mansfield 

FELII SLEIHIIIBEB, '""■■:^ll^'^r^lt "- FDRHlfJiRE 

Barron Oscar, hostler, Mansheld 

Bee^ley €. H., lawyer. Third 

Beesley E. M., dentist. First 

Bowers Oeorge B., miller, Mansfield 

Brokaw Wm. R., assessor, Mansfield 

Brophy John, laborer, Paul 

Blackwell Jama's, laborer, Depue 

Bruen J. Dehart, Presbyterian pastor, Mansfield 

Boyer George, gentleman, Hordwick 

Blair D. C, capitalist, Hard wick and Second 

Britton Nathaniel, laborer, Mill 

Bair Henry B , Delaware ave 

Bair James Sen., car}>enrei-. Delaware ave 

Bair James B. Jr., blacksmith, Delaware 

Bair & R^^hHi-. store et(\ cor Water and Market 

BhjIow. A. M., weaver, Market 

Butler .John C, Water 

Brands James H., carriage maker, Water 

Bebler Peter, expressman, Paul 

Burd & Hoagland, lyrrocery, Market 

Mechanics Tools of all kinds at Wade Erothers. 

The BEST GOODS for the LEAST MidNEY at H. i'l. JUniUi'l 0, JJdiJlJU, fdi 

llr]LVIT)¥.Hlu OIKHCTOMY. 243 

Bind Elislia, m^r^ichaiit 

Braokley P. F., physirian. Third 

Best Mi«'liael, car|'»^]itfM-. F"ii8t 

Bitteiibender James, maible yard, First 

Biti^^nbender Eniannel. I>*^pue 

Bii'ik Morris, re.stjiuianr. ^Jaiistield 

Bittenbender Ira E., stone cutter, First 

Burd'^rt Jaoob. fireman. Warnr 

Bellis .Ja<'f»b. riniinith, Deinie 

Bellis Peter, laborer, Si)rino- 

B-^llis Samuel, i-ailroader. Fourth 

Bellis \dain., nditor Warren Jounial, Front 

Brittln Jas A., telegraph re])airer, Greenwich 

Bariy Wm. Sr., laboi-er. Fourth 

Bee Manufacturing Co., i)ai] factory. Front 

Belford Mrs. James, Hardwick 

Belford James, gentleman., Hardwick 

Belford Kdward, gentleman. Third 

Barry Wm. Jr., laborer. Fourth 

Baker Chas. laborer, Depue 

Brook Iie1<l .ioliii B.. le nuv bank cashier. Front* 

Barrett John E.. railroadnr, Hai'dwick 

Bradley L M . gentleman. First 

Case Howard, laborer. Second 

Cramer AVm. J., cabinet maker. Water 

Crn»»T^r Amos, speculator. Market 

CrauiHr Benjamin, hostlei- etc, Sec(md 

Cruts Marshal, laborer. Water 

Cnits Jacob, labui-nr 

■' 'oiii'trighr John, fireman, I)ei)ue 

Craig John, a'enrlenuin, Warren House 

(Joleman John, cai-pentei-. Water 

Cole John C.. -ext(m at 1st Pres. church, Second 

Cole H^nry. rjerk. Second 

Cole A Hie. school'te.-icher. Second 

Cowell (rid^'on cHipenter, M:insfleld 

Clymer John, sawyer. Mansfield 

Cyi'hers George Ti.. shoemalo'i-. ^Vafer 

(Collins Edward, lab(;rer, Oxford 

Crane Jennv, sciiool teaclinr, Tliii'fl 

ANRRFW^ A Mdl F '-^'^-'> ^'"'■^^•■""i»toM st.. Eastou. i*:i. xbe 

> T,:.riv*^st liiiP of DRESS TRI\rMIN(}S etc. 

. In., iNUr- J !■ ■ WARE, STOVES, HEATERS a:nd 1{AX<U:S. 


( (toper jVii>. B. B,, liouseliojder, Tliiid- 

Ciiite'i' JhccI), genrJeiiiHTi, Wurer 

(■]-.jk -Mrs. Jane, houfsehoMiei, tSecond' 

(as'" Miihlnii, inillei', Mill 

('(iiiiell A ]).. miller, Fourfli 

CnJalum TiiiioThy, r:ii]r(jader, IVlanFtield 

Carharr Tlieodoie. specniaTor, AJaiK^lield 

Clark BeTijaiuiii, teacher, ere, Seiiiiiiary 

i>ereanier J(tlin. lalxuej. Paai 

J>ctii(.hne .loliii, l)Ja(ksitiit}i, Water 

JU)n<>))ne .l()^e]»]l, J^elvideje House 

l>ecker Isaac, gentleinan, Paul 

J^eckeiJohn L., miller, Mill 

Dildiiie Wm. M., tailor, Water 

]^a\i:^ 1>, <';irj)eiit*r, Market 

JfaiJy Peter, <-ai|)eiiter. Water 

i)eVVitt Moses A., dealer in |)ea('lies. First 

IMckey Jolin i\, railroad boss, Fii*st 

]>i»key John P. Jr., First 

J ^iltz Joseph B., inid«^rtaker, &c.. Water 

FELIX SLEINIBGER, "°'-:^°l^t'^k r:^lt ''• FHRNMRE . 

. Ileifiiel John & .Son tailors and clothing, First 
}>eisel Haijy, tailor. First 
])eisel John, tailor, Adams 
])avis George, lailroad watchman, Fonrth 
Davis & Hartiing, proprietors of the American House 
]>avis (ieoi-ge, hotel keeper, Mansfield 
D.ilke John, lawyer, Mansfield 
l>e|»iie •laiiieN &. Son, fertilizing factory, near 

l)c])ne James A., residence Third 
D'-shong John V., cariiage factory, Water 
Deshong AVilliam, pro])rietor rink, etc., Water 
Dagget A. S., speculator, First 
l)o\vd M. ?}., carpenter. First 
Dickey K. P.. printer. First 
Davis Charles, pail factory, Oxford 
Drake Kichard, ins. agent, Mansfield 
Douglas Rev. Charles, j^ast or episcopal church, Second 
Discol John, I'ailroad laborer, 
Evans James P., carpenter, Paul- 


idOlTSEFURNlSKINO OOODS GENERALLY. J &f li7nDiTi''»i;a Tlnntm, .• 
The BEST eOODSforthe LEAST MeXEY at D., fu rlUlllUll 0. haSlOll, P-' 

i3Ei.VIDERE ]nu K< : I'OR l. 245 

Eveiert Zenith, truckster. 8. Wait-r ^ 

Eyieiiberger Alfred, laborer 

Eyleiibeiov;r Hiram, Ijlacksinith, Maiden Lane 

Ever^u Wilson, expressiiiiin. Water 

Emery Reeder F., curpt-nter. Fourth 

Emery Albert, tinsmith. Second 

E'liery .I:im<-'s. jaboivj-. 

Fr<»nie Wm. K , »-;irpentei'. Wjit^-r 

Ft'X \ --liMiirinH. hi.mnoii. Paul 

Fox W^illiarn, labt;ifi\ Paul 

Fairclo {-"aiiJ F. spe ularov. War^-r 

Fiitts John F.. j)ainiH]-, Water 

Fi-oriiei" Mrs. .)a<."ob. jewelt-i-. Water 

Folkner Cii.iimins H . ^Tocer. Water 

Freeman Brothej-s, i;iotliier>, (-((r, Wainr and Market 

Freeman Snni, toba<?«-o store. Water 

Freeman Nathan, clerk, Water 

Faust Brotherj§, drug stort-. Water 

Faust M. 8., drug store, Warer 

Faust H. W.. druii: store. Water 

PELII 4 LEINMER, '"■a^'iS.iS^r^^l "' FDENITUEE. 

P'ornian William, huckstt-i'. Water 

Fisher William. S(jldier, Manstiled 

Fisher Jrjseph, hotel keeper, First 

Fisher John 

Fisher Daniel, Hardwiok 

Fleming Elisha. deputy p. m., MansMeld 

Fost<-r Micha'-l. laborer, Mausrield 

Forge Quinij, blacksmith. Water 

Flumerfelt P. C. B., wheelwright, Hardwick 

Gardner David, salocm, Manstield 

Gardner Mathias, mason, Tliird 

Gardner John, ex- sheriff. Third 

Gardner George 1., luruVjer dealer. S. Water 

Gleutille Freemont, laborer. 

Gross .John G., bakery, First 

Guis Sam, laborer, Hardwick 

Guis Lewis, laborer, Hardwick 

Givins George Jr., printer, Wat^r 

Givins George, hotel prop. c-r. Hardwick and Front 

'Gibbs Silas, Water 

Av«JwA«**«i 9 TTaI^ 705 Noi tbampton St. The only place to 
illlUrewS M IN on, i)uytlic."CONFORMATER" corset. 




Garry Pliilij). clerk at Peqnest House, Water 

Hiitrliiii>o]i Zat'k. bridge- render. Water 

lliiteli9ii!<«<>ii I'^dward. con. and detective, Water 

Hollander Wni.. laborer, AVater 

Hollander Joseph, laborer, Greenwich 

Hollander John, laborer. Water 

Hays A. J., policeman, AVater 

Hunt Oliver, painter, AVater 

Havs B. I)., wheel maker. Water 

Hays XA'^ni., laborer, Water 

Hambuig August, tailor, First 

Hansler J. S.. shoemaker, Depue 

]lymnn John, cai'i»enter, First 

Heetu .Juseph, laborer, Hardwi<k 

Hoff Mrs. Louisa. Mansiield 

Helderbrant Dan, grocer. First 

Hanes CTeorge. laborer. Si)ring 

Huntsberger Mi's., diessmaker. Third 

Hairis Mag K.. retired, AA'ater 

]Iarris Israel, bank cashier, First 

FELII i LEININGER, ■""■:^°l^ «'°k rs^lf "'- FPENI TUBE. 

Harris Henry S., Water 
Hairi.s Clias., lawyer, First 
Haughawort Isaac farmer Race 
Haughawort Philip, speculator, Second 
Hazlet Josei)ii. work in wheel factory, Front 
Hoagland Geo., in county clerks office. Mill 
Ifloa^lsiiKl riias., merchant. Water 
Hoagland \Vm., retired. Wafer 
Hoagland A: Paiidolph. cai-pentei-s, AA^ater 
Hilton Thomas, clerk. First 
Hoagan .James, laboier, Mansiield 
Howard Mathev, farmer. Market 
Holstein George, s^jecuiator. Market 
Holstein L. H., speculatoi-, 
Hol>tein iNJrs. Anna, retired 
llanis Nicholas, lawyei', First 
Hopirr Theodore. Loiinty clerk, Second 
Ileliier Dan. telegiapher, Mansiield 
Heed Henry, carpenter, De|)ne 
Hopler Marcus, clei'k, Secoiid 

Carriage Trimmings at Wade Bros., 


The BEST GOODStorthe LEAST MONEY at fli ilLi iXUiliUJ)l Ui LddlUlli idi* 


Hendrickson SaiimeJ, ])i'inter, Water 

Hiiriis Amelia, houseliolder, Water 

Innis (reorge, general stoie. VV^Hter 

Johnson Mrs. Margaret, hoiisf^ holder, Hard wick 

Johnson Cairie, householder, Hardwick 

Jecohe Francis, <5arpenter, Wall 

Jones John, laborer, Waier 

Jennings Joseph H., laborer. Water 

jHnnings Wtn. H., cooper. &c.. Depue 

Jones Henry, barber. Mill 

Jackson James & Co., dry goods millinery, etc., First 

Jackson James A., merchant, First 

J<jhnson Levi, farmei*, Hardwick 

Join^-r Frank fireman, (rreenwich 

Keighrn C »j'nelius, laborer. Paul 

Kist John G., harness and saddler, Water 

King Halsey, farmer. Water 

Ketlilege Peter, photogr.ipher. Mill 

Kizzelbaugh Aaron, oysters, fish, fruit etc., Greenwich 

Knice Peter, wot>d chopper, Greenwich 

Kohlman Etward, larnier, Spntjg • 

Kohlnnni Kdward. Jr., nii!l(-i-. Spiing 

Kinney Asa, farmer, etc., tSpriiig 

Kitchen S. B., raillwriglit, Oxford 

Karr Jacob, carpenter, Water 

Kleeif'h niie l):!ji, retired. Thiid 

Kline J^^hn J., retired, Hardwick 

Knights of Pythias, office over Wade's store. W^ater 

Kimenour Andrew, lumber dealer, Depue 

Kimenour Joseph, Depue 

Kimenour John, painter, etc , Paul 

Keteliaiti -{(imiah, editor of Ar^olla. First 

Keener Ira B., miller. Mill 

K-^nnedv Rf)bert, farmer 

K*-lsey A. B., postmast^^r. Mansfield 

King John H., architect and builder. Mansfi-i'i 

Kin;; €;i>'or^«* H., druggist, ^or. front and Mansfield 

Kern Mrs. J. T.. householdnr, Mansfi'»ld 

Looman Andrew, laborer, Paul 

Looman John, Jr., laborer, Paul 

TV "NT HD I? "\t7'Q P MHT I? 205NorttamptonSt,.Eaeton, Pa. Yoncanfiaa 
iilNjJRilWOCX IN ULr » it by tie fine large awning Id Ironi < t swre. 




Lime Augustus, team driver, AA^ater 

Lee John, Market 

Lomasuii Thomas, gardener, Depiie 

Lomason George, Depne 

Lauternian (ieoige. hil)orer. Water 

Lauterinau George, Jr., team driver. AVater 

Lit/.enberger Benj.. bhicksnntli. Water 

Litzenberger A. G., barber. First 

Lee Henry D., bhicksmith, AA'ater 

Linn Levi, laborer. Water 

Lake (Jli rales, cabinet ware -room, AA'ater 

Large Augustus, inspt. of cai-s, Greenwich 

Lomerson Elizabeth, householder, Greenwich 

liOtl i'liarU's A., lawyer, Hardwick 

Lippincott Charles, raih-oader, Depue 

Lockard Sam, boarding house, Greenwich 

Lockard Jerry, tailoi-. First 

I>)cka]'d George, tobacco store, Mill 

Laiie Wm., R., railroad ticket agt.. American House 

Lauharh Augustus, constable. First 


Jjiiixl (Jhailes. shoemakei-. Paul 

Ii4>'ll<^rf«>i Frsiiik. ])liysician. Manslield 

LoHiping W'm.. bjii'tende)-. American House 

Laurence Mrs. ('.. liouseholder. Greenwich 

Lerch rinis., laborer. Market 

McQuinn Michael, laborer. Water 

Muckliu An(be\v laborei'. Water 

Mucklin Henry, laborer, Market 

McLane James. ]al)orer, Water 

Mclntise TiKUuas, laborer, Adam 

Mc(tinnis, Williams laborer. Water • 

Metier Peter, laborer, AA^ater 

Metier L'-wis. laborer, AVatei* 

Mace .lames, blacksmith. Second 

Montgomery Edward, railroad tirenuin. Hardwick 

Mcl'ammon Aaron, hardware dealer. Water 

McCammon & Perry, haidwaie, tV:c., AA'ater 

Meilei- Amanda, (lres>makei\ First 

Miller ( 'arolijie. tailorist. First 

Myeis Mary, teachei', Ihndwick 

For Co«gh«. C' (ir-u). hmI nnMDnTTMn'^VDTTD '••" ^V"'^ cherry with hyp«- 
Oonsiiinpilt.u use 8H! i.i.i'^- bUlurUUllLl.fJ 1 uUf lin'f^i'li.itesof limean<l90da 


H. M. NORMS, Eastoii, Pa. 

13E L V [ DE liY 1)1 R KCTO li Y. 


\Maun Muliluii M.. fiU'|.eiiter, First 
Miinn Joel, carpenter, Fourth 
Mezses Jaue, househoJcler, ^^^ater 
Mezses Sam, clerk, Water 
^Mcllhany \Vm., truck, etc., Hardvvick 
Mezse.i Jacob, wheel factory. Hard wick: 
Meleia Au,i>ustus, gardener, Oxford 
Martenis Morris, farmer 
;McCoid i)., Greenwich 
^fildrick Morris, hiborer, Kace 
MIMrick John, hiborrr. Race 
Morgan Sabre, Race 
^filler Wm.. farmer, Oxford 

Mabeii-v & h'dfon. ciockery and himp store, First 
Melick Sharp, stationery store. Second 
Milier b'r.iidv, jeweler, (rrt-enwich 
Miller Ahram, clerk at Warren House 
Mensliauzen Wm., K., mil lei- 
Mackev Miss Marv, liouseliolder, Water 

JslixSiLeimgsr, '"•'■ 

lO'i .i- 104 South 3(1 Street 

' rnrnitare. 

Mertz Mrs. Roza , householder. Water 

Mitsei' Josiah, railroader. Depne 

Mackey Wm.'M.. Paul 

McMurtrie A: Co.. lu?iil^f^rmen. First 

Miller Philii). hoiist^Jioldei-, Oreenwich 

Morrow Win. H.. ex-jud^e and lawyer. Greenwich 

McMurtrie George, retired, Hardwich 

McGee William, physician, Manstield 

,Melroy Hiram. f<'am driver, DejHie 

Mei-t/. James, painter, etc.. Water 

McOalister John, soldier 

Naylor Chas., Market 

Norton Thos., car[)enter. Third 
-Xorton Mrs. Catherine, liouseholder. Oxford 

^^icholas Anna, school teacher 

Norton Mai'shal. blacksmith. "Watei- 
•O'Neill Michael, laborei-. Race 

4l*X«»ill William, Surrogatn of Warren county, 

Ott Sern, freeholder. Water 

■ANDREWS &N11LF,?:: 

.Vi>ilh<im|ito)i St. Tlic Largest Hue of 
mili-oiiH CtIovc Fitting Cor.^ets in Kastton. 

. A, I\ Ufi 1 \}l\ . HEATER8 AND RANGES. 


Ott William, clerk. Water ' 

< ''Brinp John, railroadf^r, Green wirh 

<|iiiek Irviii. df^i)nty county clerk, Water. 

l^erson Jpieiiiiah, drovnr, Water 

Pei'son Fannie, school t^^acher, AVater 

Payne Thos. C, railroader, Paul 

Person Miss Kate, school teacher, Water • 

Perry Daniel, S. Water 

Pai*i<ioii Noloinon, Pastor M. E. Church' 

Paul J. M., Jr., physician Front 

Paul T. S., Water 

Prall George, general store. Water 

Paul Sedgwick, AVater 

Prall & AVitte, general store, Water 

Kush John, laborer, Market 

Rittenhouse Miss Tillie, te.Mcher, AVater 

Robison John H., painter', Paul 

Reemer Robert, speculator, Oxford 

Renraei' Frank, laborer, Oxford 

Reemer P. H., tobacconist, Market 

Felix aLeiningsr/"- ^^JJ^ Z'^'Ll'""' Fnritarg. 

RpHmer Jonathan, segar stor»^, Market 

Randolph A. B.. Afarket 

Randolph Irwin, gn c^ryman. First 

Rynolds Stephen, agent^ Market 

Rasf^ley Reubin, wheelwright, AVater 

Raseley Alatliias, shoemaker. Race 

R.aiil» S. .1.. general store, First 

Reese Sam, carriage maker, Paul 

Rehfr Lt^vi. Market 

Roseberry Joseph Sr., Greenwich 

Kos4'l»ei*i\y .losepli, Jr. , lawyer. Manslield ; 

Rib})le Miss Susie, milliner store. Mill 

Ril.ble Mrs. Klizabeth. Fi)st 

Ri<-hM)(l II. R., butchei", Mil) 

Ribble Philip, )-etireil 

Rusling John, retired. Fourth 

Rosencinns S. P., clerk 

Kanisc^y II. K.v hotel keeper. Request House 

Robeson A. B., householder, Water 

Shi^-lds John, carpenter. Water 





Sla-k Julia, householder. Paul 
■Slack Chas., laborer, Paul 
S^eple Henry, mason, Water B., shoemaker, Market 
Stephens Mary A., householder. Mill 
Sc.idden Thos., farmer, Market 
Swartz Frederick, butcher. Market 
'Swartz Mrs. Mary, householder Greenwich 
Snyder Wm. A , watchman. Market 
Snyder James, undertaker. Water 
Snyder Mary A., householder. Water 
Snyder George, sawyer, Depne 
Snydei- *'erry. tailor, Depue 
Snyder Zander, printni-, Depue 
Shiiunoii Mark T.. carpenter. Oxford 
: StockHr Gho.. laborer, Mansfield 
Silvers John, railroadef. Depue 
Scoch Lorenz(\ mason, Mai'ker 
Scoch Henry, painter. Market 
Snyder Zacliariah. musician, Depue 

, FELIX JLEIRIN&EI!, ""'-i^ii^^U^^if "- FaB HITUFiE. 

Snydef Pahuer, A., farniei'. Mill 
Smith John, painter. Water 
Smith .las. C, paintei". Water 
Sniitii Josei)li, painter. Water 
-Smith Thos. L.. farmer. Water 
Smith Geo, W.. retired. Water 
Smith Daniel 0.. lahorej-. S. Water 
Smith Wm. T., lawyer, S. Water 
Smith Geo. W., well -digger. Market 
FiTiith Benton T., laborer. Mill 
Smith Marshal R., lawyer, Mansheld 
Smith \^incent. retired, Greenwich 
Smith Chas., telegraph operator, Greenwich 
Slem Jefferson, peddler, First 
Smith George, laborer, Paul 
Sutton Wm.. laborei-. Hard wick 
Sutton H,. liborer. Hardwick 
.^wai'i/.^'oller II. i\» ex surrogate. Oxford 
Swartzweller John, truckman. Oxford 
Snover .lo.seph. laborer, Third 

ANnRPW^ 2i NH! F -"^ Noitlmmpton St., Eiston, Pa. The 

) LarfivstlineofDEEvSS TRIMMINGS etc. 


L M. NORTON, ""ii^^ 

i'r,2 liKLMDKh'E 1)1 kEvTDKY 

^^iiovei- Kuireiie. jiiiiiTei-. 'J']jir<l 

fc^liai]* (.'aioliiie, liou.selioJder, Thiid 

Siiaip Geor*!;*-, (;]eik. 'J'Jjiid 

Hiiiiersoii. assistant ^du ar oi iha Journal, Second 

ISirnersoii A.. ])iiiitei-, llaj(hvick 

tSinieisoii Martin. i)iint«^i, Haidwick 

Soniers Frank, butv her. MiJI 

tSanipsel) Alexandei-, l)arbei', Mill 

Snyder J as. 8., laboier, First 

Nhi|iiti«ii J. a., lawyer. Third 

Shipnian & Son. lawyer, Tliii-d 

Stone Jacob, railroader. Depue 

Searles A. B., riiiilei', Warnr 

Searles Hu h, carpenter. Wafer 

Seailes (xeorge, earpentei". Tliiid 

Searles .J(jhn C, laborer, Wall 

Searles Joseph, mi I lei-, Wall 

Searles Horace, telegraph o|>eiator. Water 

Searles Jas., carpenter, Depue 

Searles Frederick, i-etired, Thiid 

FELIX &LEININGER, '""■:^^i^:^r^^ "- FIMMRE,, 

Searles Wm. H., carpenter. Water 

Shnll A. B., carpenter, Prospect 

Shiill Peter, carpenter. Prospect 

Shaffer R. B., book keeper. Third 

Shaffer Geo., hotel keeper. Market 

Shaffer Zebrilon, vandiie crierer, etc., S. Water 

Serbert Chas., tannery, Water 

Serbert Chas. Jr., butcher, Water 

Serbert Edward, butcher, Water 

Serbert & Bro., tobacconist 

Stock Christian, laborer 

Shettei- Eugene F., team diiver, Depue 

Sampsell Hattie. school teacher, Mill 

Simnjeis Lizzie, dress maker, Third 

Singer Mrs., dr'-'ss makei-. Maiket 

Sljultz Josiah, cari)entei', Dnpue 

Suydani Geo., trimmer. First 

Strouse Heubin, janitor, Piospect 

Stephen James E., lireman. Depue 

Stihvell Margaret, householder. Water 

O 1_I T tlT T r\C Compound Syrup of Wild Cherry irtth Bypopb08He» 
on 1 CL L^ L-/0 o^ Lime and Soda. Sure cure for oougbe, croup, etc. 

The BEST GOODSforihe LEAST M0NEY at 11. ill. iVUniUil IJ. LttblUll. iCl* 


SoliMon Will. P., iHwye)- 

Sliurrz Jaeob F.. ledivd, Water 

!s»ilv«'i*ihorii Win., speculator, Water 

Tunis tSarah, gardiir-r, Paul ^ 

Teiers Nelson, constablt:^, Water 

Tr'^sler Jacob, slioe store, W^ater 

Tins man Wm. H., First 

Taylor Mis. ^'ancy, householder. Third 

Taylor DewUi/lawyr-r, Third 

Taylor Theodore, carpenter. Third 

Uhier «& Lake, cabinet makers, Market 

Uhler Thomas, Hall 

V^itientme Ualeb. machinist. Oxford 

Yajentine Jas., ial)oier. First 

Vannatta ISam, Third 

Vannatta Eli>hH. Third 

Vaii'lixoii Hdwaj-d, wagon farrory, Oxford 

^ aiie»iii|>eii <il«»«. , sheriff 

Yanoamj»e]i \V:ilter. dej-'sify sheriff 

Wil-on Philip, tjiminer. Market 

rELlX&LEllilMER, ''"■j?'^k".":^lt "■ FnHNITDRE. 

Wilson Joseph, lawyer, Paul 

Wilson Richaid. speruiaior. Paul 

Wilson Jesse !S., book keeper. Paul 

Wjlson Chas., cierk, Paul 

Wii-5on M. S., railroader, Fiist 

Williams Geo., laborer. Market 

Williams Edward, laborer, Market 

Williams Theodore, laborer,. Water 

Williams Jerry, team.ster, Adams 

Wilcox Isaac, tenmster, etc.. Oxford 

Weidner Ueo. T., shoe store. Water 

Weidner \Vilson, laborer, Mansfield 

Weidner Fied iS., hardware store, Wat^r 

Weir EifOTdge, musician, Mansheld 

Weav^}- Geo. 11., coal dealer, Depue 

Wenvei (Teo. H. & Co.. hay. straw etc.. First 

l¥liiC€^ W«i. W., dentist, Third 

White Mrs. Mary G., householder. Greenwifh 

Whitt- Wm. S.. fanner 

White Mr>. Roze, householder. Second 

Caxriage Trimmings at Wade Bros., ^N^wTR^sEr' 



Witte Will. C. miller. (Tie(-ii\vk']i 
AVitte Saiii, mercliant. (Ti'eeiiwicli 
Wildi'ic'k .lasoii. <>:eiieial store. Market 
Wuudiuir Elislia, blacksaiitli, Maiibtield 
Wyckoll" Mrs. L. C, lioiiseliolder. JMaiisfield 
WyckoilMolin VV., retired, Third 
Woolever Jacob, harness makei'. Mansfield 
Woolever Geo., laborer, Hardwi(^k 
Wade Simon, First 
Wagner (reo., agent. First 
Winterniute Wni., printer. (4reen\\'ich 
Wintermute O. 13., cabinet ni;, Miil 
Warner Alonzo, wheel factory, First 
Walton Joseph, tailor, Mill 
Weaver E. (x., hotel keeper, First 
^Villever E.. harness maker, Manstield 
Young Al)le, i'armer, Market 
Young Anna E., householder, Wall 
Young Mrs. Ellen, houseliolder. First 
Young Peter, railroader, Manslield 

FELIX i LEININKER, '"■'■:^Ai t'gL^'"^i.t ^'" FUENffllRE. 

Young Talmage, railroader. Third 
\oiing.Iohn, railroader. Wall 
Yetter Peter S,, Depue 
Yard Edward, pail factory. First 

S . iT . JE\. -A. XJ :1b , 

DEAlJli; l.\ 




Ziiik Geo., e'ligiiieer. res. near Siand Pipe 

Ziiik .b)hti, lireman, Depue 

Zaiiila Lewis, '•niidy slore, etc., Waler 

ANDREWS & NOLF '^■^''^■-''^--■■^^'''-''''''- si-asroD 

OSroVrS fN r.AHTON. pa. 2'16 NORTH- 
.\MPTON STUICKT. x,unxn 



( , HE present site of Phillipsbuig was in 1654 an Indian and 
^cording to a map published at that time bj- a Dutcli enaineer 
^ iiamed Vander Dork was called chintervink. It is said to have 
Ijee" the favorite lishing ground of the Indians. Tlie " history of the 
Lehiirh Valley," published in 1860 gives the following intpresting facts : 
" The origin of the name (if Phillipsburg is not well-known, the 
impression being that iJ was named after a large landliolder bylhe name 
ot Phillips, who resided here at nn early day ; but tlie moi'e plausible 
suppositio)) i's that it v>'as derived from tiie Indian cliief PliiJip, who took 
up liis abode in this place. This Indian chief was an intimate friend of 
the great chief Teedyiiscung. The name of Phillipsburg was found on 
the map of the inhabited parts of P<;ims3dvania and New Jersey. j)ub- 
lished in 1749 by Evan^^, whicii was l)etbre the time of Mr. Phillip.s' 
resi.lence here. ' 

'■ Phillipsburg was evidently' settled by the white people before 
Easton. ina«mncli as Eastoii was not laid out until some time afler the 
different maps weie pubhshed giying the name of Phillipsburg. About 
the time Easton was laid out the land upon which Phillipsburg was built 
was owned by the heirs of David Martin, a ferryman, and. a .Mr. Co.xe, 
a merchant of PhiladelpJiia, Mr. Coxe owning the principle part— about 
four hundred a\ul eleven acres, among whicli vvert- the ' Old Fields' — 
on which, on account of tlieir beautiful location and tlie advantages ihey 
appeared to have possessed for the piuposes of a town over tlie hind on 
the opposite side of the Delaware river he contemplated in 17.")2to lay 
out a town. The intention of Mr. Coxe appeared to greatly alarm tlie 
proprietors of Pennsylvania, who were afraid that it would ijijuii- iln- 
infaut town of Easton. In a lett«;r from Thomas Penn, dated >Iarc)i 9, 


1752, lu llicliarJ Peters, he said, ' 1 think wv should secure all tisi; i.uida 
we can oii the .fvi'^^^y *^i<-'t! of the water :' the iiilention being evidcntlv to 
get this land in Iheir i)ossession, and Ihiis prevent any settlenieni ih-ire." 
Phillipsluug was not incorporated as a town unlil March s, 1861. 
Its 'growth had been slow, and in iy.")0 it was but a straggling • illage. 
The pre.-iMice of the flourishing town oC Easton on tiie (.[)|>osite 
bank of the Delaware seemed to operate against its growth, In \^'.i2 
the -Morris Canal was coiupieled, and I'hillipsburg made one of (he 
termini ol that water-way. That was a step upward. A bigger one 
was made in l«4y, when the Trenton Iron Company estaldisheil a 
furnace here : and again in iy.")2, when the New Jersey Central Railway 
wascomplclcd to that place. In is.")4 the I'.elvidcie Delaware liailroad 
was eoinpletetl, inauiilacturing began to enlarge, and it was fairly upon 
that road to prosperity wliieh it enjoy- li-day. The railways touching 
at Phillipsburg are the New Jersey Clenlral, Itelvidcre Delaware, Lehigii 
Valley, Morris A: Essex, and Easton i\; Aniboy. It is an iron manu- 
facturing centre, and its industries in that llnegive employment to about 
ele^■en hundred men. Conununicaiion i- had with Easton by wieans of 
a toll-bridge, and a double railway bridge. The bu.siness ]Kirtion of 
Phillipsburg is contined chietiy to Main street, wliich runs northwest 
aiul southea>t lor about a mile and a half. " llacklVom the river the 
land rises into an airupt elevation, and along its summit, whence a 
magniticent view ot the iandsea|)e may be obtained, lies a pretty ihicklv 
])opiUale(i poi-lion or tlie town."' 

Phillip.slairi: iMlivided into tour wards, the aggregate [UJinilatiou being 
al)oul eight thousand. Iii ISCiO the population was but HOP. w Idle ia 
LSTO it numbered ."i.ii.lp. That sIkjws a rai)id growth. 


Phillipsburg is famed for its excellent schools and haiKlsome arcliitec 
tural accommodations for them. There me ^..TifiS children of school age 
in the biwn. The total amount recei\'ed from all sources for school 
purposes in ISS.") was $18,y80.Tl : value ol scluxd properly, .f72. 440 ; 
average munlier who attended school during time il wa'^ kejit open, 
1, *)()() ; nundier of children that can be conifortaltly seated, 1,79-| ; ntun- 
ber of teachers employed, nuile, H ; femalrS^l , total. :*>4 ; average salary 
per iiKinth paid lo male teaeheis $SU, and the t( male teacher? |n:"!.08. 
Kdwin C. Iieers is the present Supi'iinleiident . 

i:i;i.ioi(>i s uis'rouv. 

Tiie religion- history of Phillipsburg dalC'^ back to iro7:and lo the 
time when David Brainerd the " Aposlies ol Indians," labored in this 
region. Missionaries were sent in 17;)7by the I'rcsbytcry of New Bruna- 
wick 10 the ' Forks of the Deiawaio lo preach lo the Indians. ' It was 
during i'.rainerd"-; mi-siouary work here — 1 740 — to 1744, that a lo^ciiurch 


n-dA ci-cv.U:ii ill Phiilipsljiii-g, aud Ihe word proiiched from the pulpit to 
bolli wliiles aud Indians alike. 'Tliciewas a Lulbeiau church here 
prior [o ITO'i, l)iil whelher it occujiied the log church above referred to 
is not known." 


was dedicated S.epteniber 12, iS.jS. Its erection was begun in lt*o4, but 
riuancial einbarrassmenls delayed its coinpletiuii. Rev. S. 6. Murges, 
was the first pastor of the new church, and leiuained till September, 
1856. At that time the membership of the churc-h numbered Uo. Stur- 
ges was succeeded by Rev. ^^'. V. Cottrc-ll, who acte;l as supply till May 
llth, 1857. when J. Y. .Mitchell was culled and installed July 2<it!i of 
the same year. The time of experiment was now over and the church 
was thoroiiiihly established. The present pastor, Rev. H, B. Town- 
send \va^ calleil in 3Iurch, 1807. 'The church now i> the leading one 
of the town, po-sc>sing a pi[)e-organ, and a paid choir. 


was organized in 1855. The present chinch edifice was dedicated com- 
.solete Oct. o, l'^58, although the basement had been dedicated January 
'27, 18)0. The church property including church and parsonage i^ val- 
ued at f:i5,fM)(i. 


In November, ls71, members of the .Main St, Methodi-t Epi.scopal 
■:-hurcli living in the Third Ward began to have class-meetings in the 
Fitch scliMol-hou^e, The.-e were continued for about a year, when, in 
the fall of 1872, a church was organi/.ed. In the m(inth nf October 
18T2 Wesleyan chapel was occupied and dedic.ited and has been a Hour- 
ishino' chapel ever since. The old structure is now being remodeled 
;into a"niore handsome edifice and the c(mgregation under the guidance 
■fif J. R. Wriabt bids fair to l)ecome in a short time a very large one ia 


was built during Kev. Markliam's pastorate in 1875. Rev. .1. .1. Ilavi- 
iand is the present i)astor. 


Pri<n- to IJSOO the Catholics of Phillipsburg wor.-hif>i)ecl at Ka»lon. 

.. J5ervices were first held in Phillipsburg during that year by Rev. John 

Smith of Paterson. He organized a congregation and immediately be- 

"•an to solicit sub^cii)>tions fbi- the biilding of a churcli. Jle was not, 

however, permitted to finish the enler]iri^e. death putting an end to Ids 

labors October, ls(ib. Rev. ('. O'Reilly was sent to till his f.lace and 

under his vigorous leader^lup tiie cousirnction of the new church was 

pushed sn ra])idlv that it was eoni|iieted in the Spring of IHOI. The 

parsonage wa.s liuilt in lb04. In 1H7:{ to accommodate the increased 


nieiJibeiship a new and larger church edifice was erected. T)ie chure£ 
is uow (Oct. I., '86) being remodeled at a great expense. Rev. R. E, 
Eiirke is tlie present pastor. 

The otlier churches ol' Phillipsburg are the Grace (Evangelical Ln- 
therani church, orgiuiized in the Winter of 18(59-70, by Rev. M. H. 
■Richards; tlie St Luke's (Protestant Episcopal) church, organized De 
cend)er 185t5, and the building conseciated June 9, 1801 by Bishop W, 
H. Odenheimer — the present congregation worship in a new church 
built during the past j'ear and a half; the St. .Tolin's (German Evangel?- 
( cal Lutheran) churcli, organized February .'jth, 187."), by Rev. R. F. 
Widener ; and the First Baptist Chui-ch, organized early in 1880, bj, 
R'-v. A. Fj. Francis and continued by fT. A. Chapman, wliich c eased 2 
yf^ar^ laier. 

ruiLi.ri'snuRG nation.4t> bank 
was organized under the Slate laws March 10. 18o0, wiili a capital of 
!j;200.000 divided into 4000 shares. In 1865 the institution was chartered 
as a national bank, with the capital still fixed at $200,000. Charles; 
Sitgreaves was the fir t president and continued to act as such till his 
death in 1878, when Samuel Boileau was chosen to succeed him. Mr, 
Lewis C. Reese was the first cashier and acted in tli;i,t capacity until 
December 1877, Since then the post of cashier lias been occupied by 
John A. Baclitnan. The directors, October 188'i, were Joseph C. Kent, 
"Wm. F. Boileau, Win. M. Davis, James Lomerson. Jieujauiin Riegel, 
Biunuel Boileau Wm. B. Shinier, Levi lliles and Daniel Rimkle. 

The bank has an average loan and discount account of |400,000, 
a deposit account of $300,000, a surplus of ^40,000, an undivided profit 
and-loss account of $97,846.85, and a circulation of $180,000. 

The following are the present, ofiicei's of the borough .• 3I:iyor, 
Peter H. Hagerty ; Town Clerk, P. F. Brakeley ; Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, Edwin C. Beers; Prosecuting Attorney for Warren 
county, Sylvester C. Smitli; Justices of the Peace, James E. Smith, J. 
M. R. Shinier, William Smith, Peter II. Ilaggerty : Guardians of the 
Public Peace, 1st Ward, Charles Nixon : 2nd Ward, James Callannaun : 
3rd Ward, Michael Hughes; 4tli Ward, Charles Coleman ; Constables, 
John Norton, George Creveling. 

Where to Worship. 

FirHt I'vesbyteriaii Cburcli, corner Main ami Market streetf» 
Rev. H. F>. T<l^vllsen(l, }<uBtor ; services every Sunday luorning^ 
tbrouyhout the year ai 10.30; every Sunday evening, at 7 }>-m 
dui-iug the winter, and 7.30 p. m. during the summer beuBo». ; 
jwistor'fi residence, 817 Wafcliington ptreet (on tbe hill). 


'8ts. Pliilip aud James' Clmrcli, corner Main and Jstoektou 
■^treety, Rev. LI. E. Burke pastor, Eev. F. Haiiiey asst. ; tirst 
a" ass at 7.30 a. m.; children's mass at a. m., and high mass 
at lO.'o'J a. m. ; Sunday-school at 2 p. m., and vesjiers and beu- 
■ediction at 7.o0 p. m. ; pastors and asst.'s residence adjoining, 

Wesley Methodist Episcopal Church, Lewis street, near 
Hudson (on the hill); services at the iisual hour; Suuday- 
-school at 2 p. m. ; pastor's I'esidence adjoining ; pastors elect- 
ed by Conference every three years. 

Free Methodist Chapel, Filiman street, between Hiidsou and 
liallman (on ihe hiUj, lie v. J.J. Haviland, presiding ; services 
every Sunday morning and evening at the visual nour ; pas- 
tors residence on Lewis street ; Sunday-school ai U a. m. 

Grace Lutiieran Church, Main street, below Stockton, iJev. 
It. D. BernUeim, i>. i>. pastor ; services every Sunday morn- 
ing and evening at the usual hour ; Sunday-schofil at i> a. 
an.; pastor's resilience 281 Brainard. 

Second Presbyterian Church (Westminster — third ward), 
iiio regular pastor, preaching by W. H. A\'aygood. 

First Methodist P^piscopal Church, Main street, Ji(-v. ■>. ii, 
-lirvan pastor ; services every Sundav morning and evening at 
• the usual hour ; ^tastor s residence ad]oining ; Sunday-school 
at 2 p. m.; pastor elected every three years by Conference. 

ijt. Luke's EpiHCOi)al Church, Rev. P. S. Kobottom in charge; 
■pastor's residence adjoining. 


Cliataucjua Literary Circle meets on anniversary nights of 
.some distinguished poet, authc>r, etc.; Mrs. A. L. B. Gri-s- 
nald. Secretary. 

*' Senate' Club — meudjership limited, no ladies admit^lea— 
the advancement of education is its primary object, meets 
senii-moutlily ; Augustus 1. Wood, Secretary. 

Warren Social Club, meets in llagerty's Building, corner 
Main and River streets ; John "\V. Flynii, Secretary. 

Home liule Club, meets every Sunday afternoon m I'ajo- 
chi'd Ijuilding ; Patrick Walsh, Secretary. 

Delaware Jjodge and Eagle Chapter, No. ;{(), 1''. k A. M., 
.meet over Lee building, corner Main and Market .streets ; J. 
li'vin Lake, Secretary. 


Wariea Asbembly, KuigLts of Labor, meeiK weeiiv le^u- 
laily, — twice- ox; Suiiuay ana twice nii jionday evening is muiitli- - 
Ij — Be&sicL; rocixiS on iLt-. xhnd fioor of Parochial Euilding ; 
George "\V. Kellogg, Secret ar}-. 

Moiitaija?Ltdge Ko. 28, Ki.igLiH ot' Pytiiias, metts everv 
Friday evening o\er Bel. DeJ. depot ; liobert B. Carljart 
K. oi K. <^ S. 

Pbillipsburg Division, 'So. 28, Sons nt' Tenijierancr, meets 
over Bel. Del. depot, Uieml-ership about 85; 11 T. Barnet. 

"Victory Council No. 12, Jr. 0. V. A. M., meets everv 
Thursday evenicg over Bel. Del. depot ; J. V. Metz, Sec'y. ' 

Knights of Honor, meet in Council room on Market street « 
on AVednesday evenings of each month ; Allen J. Clifton, Sec'y. 

Accho Lodge No. 124, I. O. O. F., meets every Monday- 
evening over Bel. Del. depot ; Thomas Castles, Sec'y. 

Twilight SocialJClub, meets over P. F. Brakeley's drug store; 
John Johnson, Secretary. 

Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers No. 30, meet on Sun- 
day afternoon over Phillipsburg National Back ; Jacob Rus- 
tay, Secretary. 

Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, Excelsior Lodge No- 
ll, meets at Parochial Hall ; John St. Clair, Secretary. 

Brotherhood of Railroa.1 Brakemen ; Elmer Carhart, Sec'y- 

Teedyuscong Tribe of Red Men, No. 17, meets every Thurs- 
day evening over Bel. Del. depot ; James Hess, Sec'y. 

Phillipsburg Reform Club, meets every Sunday afternoon 
in Hagerty's Hall, corner So. Main and River streets, Charles 
Stakes, Secretary. 

Haymaker Tribe of Red Men, No. 17.1, meets every Wednes- 
day evening over the Bel. Del. depot ; Wm. F. Keepers, Sec'y. 

United Order of American Workmen, meets every first and 
third Wednesday evenings over Bel. Del depot ; Robert H. 
Lerch, secretary. 

Emerald Beneficial Society, meets in Parochial Building: 
Michael Coulaiu, of Mercer street, secretary. 

United Ancient Order of Druids meets Wednesda\ even- 
ing at G winner's Hal] ; George R. Wilking, secretni;^ . ' 


John S. Little Section No. 1, Cadets of Temperance, meeW 
every Wednesday evening at Hagerty's Hall, membership 
about (it); Samuel Quear, worthy pitron. 

Malaska Council of the 0. U. A M. 

Ancient Order of Hibernians, meets once a month in Paro- 
chial Hall ; Patrick Stanley, secretary. 

Musconetcong Tribe of Red men, meets every Thursday 
evening at Hagerty's Hail ; John P. Hermes, secretary. 

Phillipsburg I'leabure Party, nieets (.ver A. S. Deichmau's 
Insurance Oftice, near the* Delaware Bridge; Elmer Carhart, 

John G. Tolmie Post No. 50, G. A. Pt., meets every Monday 
evening at Hagerty's Hall ; James Gillen, adjutant. The La- 
dies Loyal League, an aid to the Post, also meet on Monday 
evening in the sarae building. 


American Sheet Iron Works. 

Andover Furnace. 

Amei-ican Brick and Tile Co. 

Central Round House and Machine Shop, 

Morris »S: Essex Round House and Machine Shop. 

Delaware Rolling Mill. 

Borough Water Works. 

Phillipsburg Stove Works. 

Phillipsburg Silk Mill. 

PhiUipsburg Gas Works. 

Shimer's Smoke House. 

Tippet & Wood's Boiler W orks. 

Vulcan Iron Works. 

"Warren Foundry and Machine Co. 

Phillipsburg Business Directory. 

J. M. Butler, ciuars and tobucco- 

R. .1. Kirtei'. cigais and tobatco 

John H. naggerty & Sun;-!, liardwaiv and lumber 

W. H. Walters, attorney at-law 

John Lee, photographer 

A. Moenig, line furniture 

John Eilenberg, wholesale liquor dealer 

Robert H. Lerch. bookseller and stationery 

O. Kidney, oyster and ice cream saloon 

O. D. McConliell, groceries and provisions 

Thomas Carroll, cigars and tobacco 

C. C. Conklin, watches, clocks and jewelry 

Samuel A. Metz, drugs and medicines ' 

Chas. J. Able, confectionary 

R. B. Carhart & Co., w^all pa[)er 

Long & Boiit^au, lumber and hardware 

Huges & Cyphers, groceries 

Samuel Teets, merchant tailor 

Abram Miller, grocer 

Tliomas Hf^iberger, l)utcher 

Walter Freeman, druggist 

J. H. Sweeny, tisli and oysters 

George Meyers, groceries 

John Vob. "tonibstcmps, 198 S. Main 

Williani T. Randall, groceries 

J. C. Butler, agent Equitable Life Assurance Society 

.). iM . K. Sliiuiei, g>'neial dealei" 

Clemens Kupke. nit-ichant tailor 



Miscellaneous, School and Blank Books, 

Legal and Justice Blanks, 
12-2 MAIN S'i^llKKT, 


Phillipsburg Directory. 

Atwoud Wra., engineer, 284 BuUnian 
Ameticaii tSheet Iron Co., office 358 Broad 
Almond Wm. H., laborer, cor. Broad and Second 
Almond John L. laborer, cor. Broad and Second 
Andrews Thomas C, engineer, cor. Sec. and N. Main 
Arndt Frank, clerk, 2S'S N. Main 
Arnold George, hiborer, 388 Lewis 
Arnold Geo. Jr., hostler, bds., 888 Lewis 
Apgar Alfred B., brakeman, 8lu Chambers 
Alpaugh Wesley, railroader, 356 Washington 
Achenbach Joseph, brakeman. 550 AVa&hington 
Ayers Theo., fireman, 466 Washington 

FELIX &"LEI1I1N6ER, """i^'A^t'yxx'rJi^"''' FnENITORE. 

Arner James P , fireman, 457 Lewis 

Apgar Carter, carpenter, bds., 98 Detweiler'sRow 

Alley K. C, insurance agent. Henderson 

Able C. J., confectionery, near Delaware Bridge 

Able Percival, clerk, Main near Delaware Bridge 

Aten Hilton lawyer and stenographer, Union Square 

Alsover George, foreman, bds. Lee House 

Anderson Oliver, hostler, bds. Lee House 

Alpaugn John, foreman, bds. 118 S. Main 

Apgar Matthias, carpenter, Reese Alley 

Alpaugh John, mastpr mechanic. 148 S. Main 

Altemus Mrs. R. J., boarding, 224 S. Main 

Altemns Alexandei-, retired. 224 S. Main 

Altemus '• Uiarles, clerk, 224 S. Main 

Amey William, brakeman, near Lehigh Junction 

Arnold Wm , expressman, 207 Hanover 

Alijaugh Benj. J., fireman, bds. Phillipsburg Hotel 

Apgar Adam, brakeman, 20 Haggeity's Row 

Ames Anna D., boarding. 228 Sitgreaves 

Applegate Jacob, Sr., retired, 530 Sitgreaves 

QTJ T IT T "P\Q* Compound Syrup of Wild Chirry with Hypophosltea 
^^jn. 1 1-/ l_^jLyO ^i Lime and Soda. Sure cure for cougbs, croup, etc. 

Hif vnnmnv wholesale anu ketaildealek ix hardware, stoves 

•2(i4 i*niTJ>ir^i;ri;(; DiiiKcrouY. 

AitijlH<rat«' .Iac(»l). .Ir.. wiit^^v. luls. .I:)!) Si f greaves 

A]>itlei::ite Edward, inachinisr. oHO Sitgieaves 

AnmiHniian Win. D.. painter, Howard 

Anid' Mrs. .\ima. widow. (i(>:; S. Main 

Aiiidt Fnink. wiper. (i(iH S. Main 

Ahlp TliHodoiv. r.iilroadrr. hds |(»"2S S. Main 

Abrams .Mis. (.'al••i!ill<^ fancy notions. 714 S. .Main 

Aluanis Clriiles. auctioncpr. 714 S. Main 

Arinl»i'iister .lolin. boatman, cor. McK^^an and Cliesnut 

Ajtpir Sloan, raiboader. 1>48 Meirer 

Ani»')'i(an lb•ns<^ .b).s. TI. Hiil.sizei- picij). cor. Jefferson. 

and Main * 

Ap;iar .bicdlt. caiiieiite^r. .iHlt'eison 
Alltel t .Mrs. Aniiit- M.. 14^ ^b-rcej- 
Annl)iust*M' Jolin .1.. lal'orer. Sprnee alley 
Andrews Isaac fuiindryman. <)b) Sirgreaves 
An<l(»v<'r lliifl. Kd (^aiiland. piop.. lo:{2S. Jklain 
Albus .Albert, shoemaker. Si^)^^ S. .Main 
Aslin'ore Will. A . deik ( '. \i. ii. dl N. ,1.. le.s. 18() 

S. Main 

rELII & LEININGEK; '"'''■ :^^Li'<i.iT^l'. '"• FURNITURE. 

Iliiiiri- .1. <'., a^ent for ihe Equitable Insurance Co., 

<.r N<'U N'ork. ofliee -^i I iiioii Square, res. l>27 

JJr.ikele_\ riillip F.. diiigs and medicine, 104 S. Main, 

bds. ]ie(» ll(»nse 
liiidl-ol. E. II., watchman, bds. Lee House 
nallantyu"' .lames, candy maker, 124 S. Main 
Andover I''uinaceand Iron Works, .los. C. Kent, Sunt 

ofii.e S. .Main, on P. H. R. 
Itiiilci- .1. II., ci-ars and toba«-co. tinevst oc. cigar iu 

ilif \\<.rl<l •• Piincipes" leads all others, 220 

Inittii Sipjare. nexr d<M.i N. the Ler- House, bds. 

;{27 Washington 
Hiii'r.s Ibniy W.. railroader. 2 If. Ihaimnd 
Beeis j(Li. leacliei. bds. •JH". Ibajuani 
HMt'is i>«'\\ is ( >smun. stiidem. 'JK; Ibainard 
Heeis Stephen, railroader, h'.ti Hraiinird 
Herraw Samuel, wafchnian. 20:i Hrainard 
Hernhim Kev. C. D.. jta^tcr (iiac- Lmh.-in CJiurcJi, 

•-'':( I Ibainaifl 

iNflRFWS X/ NIIIF ;■- -'^"""l'<"" St.. Eust.ui, I'a. The 

The BEST GOODSforthe LEAST MONEY at fl. 111. ilUlllUrl U. IJaiHUll. f^l. 


13eei's Thouia.s. retired, 22<s Jiruinard 
13owman Elmer, t'reiglit office, bds. Columbia House 
Ball Juhii, ba)-t)er shop, 20;") rS. Maiu, h. 21*8 Hanover 
Bower ^ John S , dispatchei-, 211 S. Main 
Bogardus S. W.. dentist, 185 JS. Main 
Bennett J. C, fanner, 197 Market 
Bennett Sadie, teacher, 197 Market 
Bauniaunn Jacob, laborer, 124 Detweiler s Row- 
Brown Mrs. Louisa, widow, 98 Detweiler's Row 
Bowlby Robt.. miner, 628 Chambers 
Bunn W'm , core turner. (52(5 Chambers 
Braunau Mr.>>. Maria, widow, Chauibers nearHeckmaii 
Braiier Barney, laborer, 522 Chand)ers 
Brailer John, laborer, hds. 522 Chambers 
Butler Charles, watchman, 524 Lewis 
Bird John \V., brakeman. 511 Lewis 
Brady Charles. I'oundryiiian, 502 Wilson 
Barnet Sarah, widow, 321 Heckman 
Barnet James, foundryman. bds. o21 Heckman 
Barnet LLdward, invalid, bds 321 Heckman 

FELIX &LEiiMi^ ''°'-A°l^t'.Sk?'^lr^FHRMTnRE. 

Beers Henry, carpenter. 636 Railroad ave 
Baker John. labort«', 576 Railroad ave 
Bercaw Henry, bookkeeper. 752 Howard 
Burke James, raihoadei-. 839 Huwaid 
Barber \Vhitlield, railroader, 7(J7 Fayette 
Ball Bernard, number taker, 741 l^^'ayette 
Boyle Conuei, laborer, Fayette near McKean 
Bo vie Hugh, laborer. Favette near McKean 
Bercaw Joshua, car check»»i'. 933 Mercer 
Boehn Augustus, barber. 931 Mercer 
Brunner Matthias, laborer, foot of Mercer 
Beckworth Tliomas. fr>undj'yman, 845 S. Main 
Biijelow Daniel, retired. 333 Washington 
Benjamin Thomas, lireman, 385 Washington 
Brant Lewis, engineer. Ixts. 393 Washington 
Brant Edward, tinsmith, bds. 393 Washington 
Beero Mrs. Mary A., teachei'. jkIs. 33() Washington 
Beiter Mitthias, cabinet makei-. Hudson 
Brown James, machinist. 5<-'l "Washington 
Bradshaw AVm., conductor, Hudson 

Tiie bibbLt HLUWS '" F^^atr^v^"- Wafles' Hartware Sterc. 


n \/ \ xiz-^nn-r^M wholes^ale and retail dealeiC in hariv 
H . M, InUK 1 UjN , v,/inr.. STOVES, hea teijs a^d KA^GEa■ 


Bowers Wm. K.. machinist. 434 Lewis 

JiainiHr Ki-hjaim. lua^^ou. 410 Fiilioii 

Brvaii Will.. ItnaiiliuK. 447 l.ewi^ 

Beun Lriah. silk mil], luls. 447 Lewis 

B'^rs Ell^. flHik. 4;^r) Lewis 

Hn.wii Charles. «lioeii;ak'-r shop, 417 Chambers res.. 

411 L*^wis 
B»-llis L-miiel. clerk, 409 Lewis 
Bavlor Lewis, railroadei-. 48S Clianibers 
Biiiler 'I'iieodore. laboier, 4r)4 Chanilters 
Beers Samuel, cariienter. 407 Chambers 
Be^rs Peter, fireman, bds. 407 Cliambers 
Bowers Chris . machinist, bd-*. 4:54 Lewis 
JViTes O. K. A: Co.. groceries and prov., 479 Chambers 
Piriins Fred., raihoader, .029 Ciiambers 
Bilger 15.. la))orer, cor. Delaware and First 
Bacliman Wm., ironworker, Delaware 
Burke .lolin. laborer. Morris turnpike 
15ish(»p Heniv. laborer, Morris turnpike 
Butler Wm. C.. laborer, 429 Fillmore 

rslix I Leialnpr. "^'^^Z^TJ ^'^'- Tmtm, . 

r.arnet John, railroader, 4:n Fillmore 
r>aiiiier Will., mason. 4C(') Fillmore 
P.'-am .Mrs. Kate, widow, 472 Davis 
Pxam Frank, moulder, bds. 472 Davis 
IVam Wilson, moulder, bds. 472 Davis 
IVam .b>liii. j)lumber. 472 Davis 
1%'iijamiii Dairi. hod carrier. 120 N. Main 
P.inwtdl Sam'l insurance agent, IJ.OG Lewis 
liurwell Miss Linnie. teaclier, bds. 350 Lewis 
l^urwell Benjamin, laborer, bds. 350 Lewis 
P.inwell (ieoige. clerk, bds. 350 Lewis 
I'raiiner Joseph, foinidrvman. 3(>0 Lewis 
lirink Wm.. brakeman. 377 Lewis 
li»'(k }{eeves. railroa(h'r, 3H| Lewis 
Bii'-li Most'S. gr<H el V store, 384 Clniinbei'S 
liuis .bdin K . carpenter, 'Ml Chaml)ers 
Bosrlj ('linstian, beer saloon, 470 Chambers 
B<»scli Cliristian. meal mark*-t, 472 Cliambers 
Buiwn .b»hn. railroadei. Front 
Barnitz Saui'l, expressman, bds. 118 Bullman 

A*^4*»«»»ff^ P T«TaK 'iO.'i Noithampton St. TIip only pt 
AliurewS A iNOlI, l,uy tl„> "CONFORM.\TER"Cor8 

lace to 


The i!EbT(JOODSI<.r the LEAST MONEY itt II. lU. rlUlllUrl U. JjdolUIl. i'*! 


Britain Mrs. R. S.. widow, 128 Bullman 

Beers AVni., Baili'oad detettive, Front 

Beers Win. Ji'., railrocdei', bds. Fiont 

Beers SO. 1'., Sup't of Public Inbtriiction, bds. Front 

Baker Sani'l Imckstei-, 222 Washir.gron 

Boofmau VVni., ( liitf eng neei', Brc^ad 

Brinker Andrew, iionworkej-, 350 Broad 

Bayai'd John M., horse jockey, Thiid 

Burler Henry, clerk. Rose 

Brady Patrick, iaborej-, Rose 

Bacliman Sam' J, ironworker, Rose 

Beaman Silas, nielier. Rose 

Bachnian John, ironwoiker, N. Main 

Bush, E. M., shoemaker, 8PJ N. Main 

Bonder Levi, snp't street csrs, 808 N. Main 

Beaman Mrs. Jane, widow, First 

Beaman Wm., laborer, bds. First 

Butz Jacob, ironworker, 800 Broad 

Black John, laborer, Spruce Alley 

Brnnner ^Vm., foreman, 828 S. Main 

Bilgert Isaac, furnaceman, 815 S. Main 

fELIX &LEININSER, "°^-i?lJt'.SU""Fi^ "'• FURNITURE. 

Bird Joseph, retired, 718 Mercer 

Bell Watson, painter. Cherry Alley 

Burr Charles, laborer. Cedar Alley 

Rose John, butcher, 765 S. Main, h 767 

Burke R. E., jastor St. Philips and St. James church, 

h 761 S. Main 
Beck Fiank, engineer, 747 S. Main 
Ba luiiau Joliii A., ca-hier P. N. B., h 225 Washington 
BraniKJii Patrick, section boss, 755 S. Main 
Baiiietr Ezra T., machinisr, 816 McKcan 
Brady James, foundryman. Sotj Siigreaves 
Buike Elizal)eth, widow. 'J56 Sitgreaves 
Braekan Patrick, hiboier. M7J Sitgieaves 
B.ihr Frank, I'urnaceman, i:»17 Sitgreaves 
Bivnnaii Thomas, furnactnuin, S]5 Sitgreaves 
Brodell Cliarles, barb-j-, 664 S. Main h 687 Sitgreaves 
Beri-y Waltei', luihoadHr. bds. 648 Sitgreaves 
Bowdeii Tillie. widow. Spruce Aliey 
Brooks Jane C, candy, etc., 709 Sitgreaves 
Bird Peter, laborer, 747 Sitgreaves 

For (JougUs. CoWls. Or<.iu' ami rinMDniT¥n-Q*VDTTD of ^"<i Cherry with hypo- 
(VnisuuipUr.u luse SHIELDS' bUilirUUllUt.OlriUr phosphates of Ume and aoda 

WHi Lf^SALu aM> retail l>i:ALEK IN HARD- 

lY' . n'UK 1 L'lN , WAUK. •lOVf:s, HEATERS AND EANCiES. 


liHnii«^rr Annie, teaoher. lOT^rtirket 

l^iaur Halsey. coiKliifTor. U'l .Mj'.iker 

Kryaii Rev.' .1. U.. ]»astor Main Street Methodists 

Episcojinl C'luirch. v^^. 4H0 8. Main 
Brink Morris, rar iiispe'-toi-. his. ni>>^ Sitgrf^aves 
I>ny Alnxand^}-, l)ia'k^nHan, r)o'2 Sitgreaves 
B(.\vlsVty Thomas. lab'^rer. Union 
Peicawlleniy, lahor~r. River 
Bowers .loseph, laborei'. Cedar All^^y 
Bl. ke .lolin v.. wiper, 52.") Mercer 
Barber Joanna, widow, [y'S] Mercer 
Bachman Jolin, watchman, 627 Mercer 
Baker Adam, caipentei', 021 Fayette 
Boat ydrd (Morris C.;nal Co.,) opp. Howard 
Barton .lames, section boss, Fox 
Barber Kldridge. railroader, 185 Fox 
Barnett M. A., druggist, 621 S. Main 
Brunner Klizabeth, widow, 615 !S. Main 
l^aiber liiram. boiler maker, 613 S. Main 
Barber Isaac, physician, 581 S. Mainbds. 224 

r«';»* V T ^ImIm^ka^ ^"•>- ^"'' * 104 South :id Street, n,,»,^:i,,„-» 
SiiE S: Leiningsr, E^sto^a, i»*. nrniture... 

— ^ — . — , — 

Boudeii C. B.. engineer, i')i)'^ Howard 
l-'.rilain S. .)., lailioad rjerk. 668 Howard 
Biugei' SamiiHJ, rarpe-ntri-. 744 Howard 
BowHis Daniel, rai roader. 742 Howard 
Brody John, laborer, H24 S. Main 
Bouvrs JosHjih, railroader, (588 S. Main 
i^jivwHF .losHpl). saloon. 684 tS. Main 
Bibber L. D,, jiliysjcian, 624 S. Main 
Bardux ib'niy. book binder, h Warren 
B.iiit Saiiiii^'i A., t-ditoj-. 184 River 
B>auman Joseph, Hiiginepi-, Dempster's Hill 
Blitz James, laborei', Dempster's Hill 
Crui/ Will.. i;iili<.:i(i.M. l^Minett 
Carkutr .\mos. carjienlej. 'S.Vi Biiliman 
Carpeniei- ^ll(»p. I. B.. Wolf. pio]).. Front 
Cyi)hers II. M.. grocej-. 186 Washington 
Cypheis Mrs. Amanda, widow, 216 Washington 
Carfrey (Ter»i<re. fiejglit agejii, 224 Washington 
Cullen James, watchman, cor. 'J'hi)d and Broad 
Connolly James. piiddlf»r. VkIs. on Broad 

nnunKTIO W nULly The reliable store for Black Ooo<la. 

H0IISEFUi.5.1SBlXO C,OuD« (.ENEH^LLY. ^^ J^ Jf^ BOETGfS. EaStOfl. P^. 

Ttie BEST CK)ODS for tie LEaST MONEY at 


Connolly Micliae], watchman. Broad 
Ca^e Frank, laboier, 34^ N. Main 
Clifton John L., labc^rer. 301 N. Main 
Co-oi)eiative store No. 3, '287 N. Main 
Clynier Charles, laborer, Morris Tnrn pike 
Cargo Matthias, laborer, 459 Fillruore 
Chamberlain Chris., washing. 120 :S. Main 
<^arhart Edward, foreman, 224 Harris 
Crowle Edward, machinist, 837 Lewis 
Coleman Mrs. Mary, widow 370 Lev/is 
Cosgroff John, laborer, 383 Lewis 
Castles Thomas, clerk, 374 Chambers 
Carhart Wm. M., foreman, 3f>7 Chambers 
Carling Wm., engineer, 345 Chambers 
Campbell John, engineer, 335 Chambers 
Charles Milton, foundryman. 349 Washington 
Cole Samnel, railroader, 357 Wa-^hiugton 
Cook Charles, railroader, 375 Washington 
Carhart Mrs. Lydia, widow\ 360 Washington 
Cattel Caleb, foreman, 378 Washington 

FELII &LEIMiER, ""'-^Lt'SX^r^l^ '" FUPJITURE. 

Carpenter Isaac, railroader, 326 Washington 

Cook Lewis, cigarmaker, Hudson 

Co-operative grocery, No. 4, cor. Hudson, Reese alley 

Clark James, bridge builder, 614 Hudson 

Carhart, H. O., doctor, cor. Washington and Hudson 

Carpenter Prank, clerk, bds. 403 Washington 

Crau^e Mrs. W., widow, 522 Washington 

Colbath Orem, laborer, 530 Washington 

Cook Wm., railroader, 450 Washington 

Cook John, wire- worker, 450 Washington 

Crater Philip, railroader, 442 Washicgton 

Crater Annie, dressmaker. 442 Washington 

Cease Wm., machinisit, 438 Washington 

Cease Daniel, brakeman, 438 Washington 

Champiin Edwajd, engineer. 406 Lewis 

C-arr Andrew S., pipe inspector, 410 Lewis 

(UiT Mrs. Sophia, widow, 410 Lewis 

Carey Mrs. Annie, dressmaker, 440 Lewis 

Campbell Samuel, fireman. 451 Lewis 

Cowell Henry, laborer, 441 Lewis 

m BISSLE PLOWS '-' ^o^^iri.*"- fate' Hardware Store. 


270 PHILLIPS BURG Dili EC'T( ) K Y. 

Cowell Frank. Inborer. 442 Chambers 
Cowell Will. F., lal)oier. 442 Cliaiiibers 
Coleman Edward C, earpeiirer, 457 Chambers 
Corcoran Tlionias. foundrynian. 557 Railroad ave 
Canavan .lolin. l>!acksniith, 57;> Wilson 
Conover Ifuracv ,1., laboier. <J52 Kailroad ave 
Curlis Mr.s. Rebecca, widow, Heckuian 
Ciillen Kate, teachei-. cor. Third and Broad 
Carhart R. B. & Co,, wall jjaper, lOn S. Main 
Carliarr J^sse F.. wall i)aper, res. 009 8. Main 
Cooley Morris D.. t lilor, bds. US S. Main 
Case Oliver P.. boilermaker, 151 Randall 
Case (xeorge, tiienian, bds. 151 Randall 
Chees«-nian Geo. W., plasterer, 154 Randall 
Cronce H. S., agent. Shinier 
Cole George, laborer. Shinier 
Cole John, car inspector, Shinier 
Cole Abraham, engine wij^er, Hudson 
Cook Rev. Isaac, missionary, Reese Alley 
(/awe Fiank, biitchei-, 1^2 Brainard 

Creveling John, engineer, 196 Bfjiinard 
(!oleman Kate, dressmaker, 204 Brainard 
(.'lirion (ieoige. switch tender, 181 Brainard 

< failing Win. K.. railroader. 1 7:-l Brainard 

(darling Wilbur A., manager Becker" sEaston tea store, 

bds. 17;> Brainaid 
Comsiock S. A., retired, bds. 174 S. Main 
CarliM;: .b.liii, geologist, 180 S. Main 
Case Whii , luakeman, ll»4 S. Main 
Ciat'-r Angelina, confectionery, 206 S. Main 
Calvin .Mrs. Charley, widow, 218 S. JShiiii 
.('aipenfei .btliii ().. iiniekPH|,p]-. 240 Brainard 
i'<.lumbia Hotel. ,b,Ji„ ()-(;ia(lv. j.rop. 314 S. Main 
raj.wej] John X.. bnikeman. luls. C.Iumbia Hotel 
Cairoll .Iacr,b, mcj-cluuii tailor, res. 'j{)\ Hanover 
Can-oil Clara, teachej-. 2('l Hanover 

< Enroll (J.-iiie. teadier, 2<M llaiiovt-r 

cnri-on .\ll.-n. .)., ass"st dis])atcliei'. 220 Hanover 

Ceiitial Kailroad Depoi. Markei 

Genual K*ailr..:i(i livighl iiouse. ;!!6 S. Main 

A*iUlUWM«, ^^3Ai| l^»yili..-CO.NTOUMATEK" Corset. 

Tne BEST GOODSIorttieLEAST MONET at fi. R, rJUIliUll 0, ilOd.Ull. Id" 


Coogan Michat-i, Jr., c]»-rk, Golden 
Coc/gaii EJiie, teacher, (iolden 
Creveling Win., railroader, 413 S. Main 
Caldwell Hugh, peddler, 7 Haggerty's How 
Caldwell VViliiain, htborer, 7 Haggerty";? Row 
Creveling Georgte, constable, 511 S. Main . 
Clynier Wesley, railroader, bds. foot of Hanover 
Crisp«5ii R. B., candy store, Union 
Creveling Howard, shoemaker. Union 
Christern John, number iak»-r, 138 River ^ 
Christern Hannah, dressmaker, 138 River 
Carhart Wm., invalid, Cedar Alley 
Cope A. S., engineer, 615 Mercer 
Cope Chas., hremai), bds. 615 Mercer 
CattVy Joseph, brakeman. 621 Mercer 
Clark John J., number taker, 545 Fayette 
Clark Charles S., foundry man, bds. 545 Fayette 
Cody Thomas, engineer, 550 Howard 
Cooper Wm., railroader, 620 Howard 
Calannan James, 2d ward policeman, 630 Howard 

TELII JiLEMBER, '""■^Li^'SX^r^J^ "^- FBRSMBE. 

Cornish Win., rag dealer, Fox 

Case Jacob, lish and oysters, 541 S. Main, h Chestnut 

C'oekliii C. C, jewelry, 53?' S. Main, bds. Phillips- 
burg, Hotel 

Cocklin R. T., jeweler, bds. Pkillii:»&burg Hotel 

Coyne Frank laborer, 862 Howard 

Cahill John, laborer, Dempster's Hill 

Dealer ia FINE 

Repairing: of Fine Watches a Specialty. 



THe BISSLE PLOWS ^'"^ '^ ""i^'^"- WaScs' Eardweje Store. 

M . M . In UK i UIN . wake. .-TOVES. heaters AND RANO-Ea. 


Covne Elizabeth. 862 Howanl 

Covne Fa trick, laborer. 8r»2 Howard 

Covne Benjamin, laborer. SH'i Howard 

Condon James, foundry man, 841 Mercer 

Carpenter Edward, fonndryman. «24 Mercer 

Call Anthonv. ]al)orer, 806 Mercer 

Carling John, watchman. *.>8H S. M^'in 

Coleman Charles, 4th ward policeman. Cedar alley 

near McKean 
Colemaft John, laborer. Cedar alley near McKean 
Caffrey Mary, teaclier. res. 843 S. Main 
Clifford Cornelius, boatman, Cherry alley 
Case Calvin, railroader, 74:? Mercer 
Cord John, car painter, 721 Mercer 
Crosley Thomas, fonndryman, (549 Mercer 
Campbell Archibald, machinist, Dempster s Hill 
Carpenter Edward, laborer, Dempster's Hill 
Crosley James, fonndryman, 704 Mercer 
Crosley Lawrence, foundryman, 700 Mercer 
Connlain Michael, machinist, 784 Mercer 

Fslix S: LeiningEr/;"- ^^L^:gyir^ardtur^ 

Coonev AYilliam, boiler-maker. 788 Mercer 
Conners Daniel, laboi'er. Cedar alley 
Carlin David, laborer. Cedar alley 
Carty William, grocer, 751 S. Main, h do 
Consolly Lewis, chinaware. 747 S. Main 
Creveling Jacob. Hon]- and feed, 738 S. Main, h do 
Creveling Charles, clerk. 738 S. Main 
Co-operative grocery No. 1, 717 S. Main 
Catholic ('huroh, cor. Main and Stockton 
'Clark Mrs. Mary, Df'itipster's Ffill 
Coudlet Patrick, laborer. Dempster's Hill 
Case George, teamster, 640 Sitgreaves 
Caffey George, fireman, bds. 7or) S. Main 
CaftVy Frank, fireman, bds. 7."")r» S. Main 
Carhart Samuel, Hagmaii. 650 Sitgreaves 
(Jase John R., brakeman. Foundry alley 
l.'arev Thomas, brakeman, Foundry alley 
Carlinu- George S.. clerk, JeflVrsoii 
Cope George, farmer, 807 McKean 
Coyle John, laborer, 038 Sitgreaves 

A'rt'^t'flwrci i^ TVTftlf -^'^ ^"I'tliiiiui'toij 8t. Tiie ouJj place to 
AiiUitiV^li Qh INUU, buy tlie "COM''ORMATEK" Corset. 




■(/ar[»entHr Henry, railrouder, 940 Sitgreave.s 

< Worrell ('liarles, laborei; 976 yifgreaves 

t -oriDVPi- Chailes W., lahorer. KHO Sitgreaves 

<)arpHnl"Hr Philip, laborer, 988 Sitoreaves 

^hip[t8 .lames. niachiMisr. 97.") Sirgreaves 

t^asey Pafrick, laborer, 97o Sitgieaves 
■C!ar[»enter (reorge, laborer, 957 Sirgreaves 

('Oniiskey Mary, \vi(k>w. 951 Sitgreaves 

l')'iits Peter, quanynian, 829 Sitgreaves 

r.afoii Daniel, laborer, 81') Sitgreaves 

I'Ocliran Stephen, railroader, bds. Spruce alley 
'tJummings Patrick, street commissioner, 635 Sitgreaves 

iC^oxe Bridget, widow. 661 Sitgreaves 

t'upe Tliomas. baker, bds. Mercer 

■""hristian Annie, 74H Sitgreaves 

i- reveling George L., boat builder, 1068 S. Main 

l.'all Patrick, brakeman, 910 S. Main 

i'unimings Thomas, machinist, 856 S. Main 

^'iounell Muthew, laborer. 854 S. Main 

t^onover John, shoemaker, 852 S. Main 

TELix iLEiNiNGER. ''"'•:^'-^j;t^t^.°'':^it ^^Tuiiim 

-('ava!iaugii James, physician, ^)&2 S. Main, h 585 do 

th'amer Caroline, restaurant, 666 S, Main 

Caliill James, laborei*, Dempster's Hill 

Case Theodore, fireman, 664 Howard 

Clark Philip, machinist. 762 Howard 

Cox JfJin. foundrvnian, 764 Howard 

Oroselev Daniel, foundrvnian, 820 Howard 

•'Call Josephs., brakeman. 825 Howard 

•^iVntral Hotel, C. O. Lantz. prop.. 211 and 213 

Market, h do 
Centennial engine house. 2()7 and 209 Market 
Couch O. M., engineer, 201 Marlvet 
C-lickner Augustus, baggage nuister, lO^J Market 
Clickner Minnie, teacher. l9o Market 
;*Cauiplield Munis P., Sui)'r American Biick &: Tile 

Co.. bds. 1<)8 S. Main 
Carlesey Thomas, foundrvnian , Pliillipsbui-g Hotel 
■Carling John M.. engineer, bds. Pliillipsburg Hotel 
•Coogan ^liciiael. Koadnuister 'Aniboy Div L. V. 11. 

R.. (iolden .street, opp. S. Main 


BOUBEFCRXISEING GOODS GEN tKALLV. H Till >ii|;Lli'n'K!'Q Taetf)!! Dci 
TL te BEST GOO DS Ic.r the LEAST MO NEY a X tl, ill. Ixl'IllUl'l Ld MUli IC ... 


C'nrrol TliomajK. cigars a:jd tubaeco, 644 S. Main li do 

Cannun M. T., giucer. 040 S. Main h do 

J>iiigle-r Joseith. biakeman, 581 Lewis 

Davis Wni., laboreis 250 Heckman 

iMiniloid David, Avatclinian, Hticknian 

Daliyni|t]e i'lanklin, boatniau. 9 Haggeity's Row 

Dugan Jolm. ieriyuian, 11' Haggeity's Row 

Denny George, engineer, 5i6 Siigreaves 

Drake James, groceries, 517 S. Main h 515 do 

Drake Wm. C. clerk, bds. 515 IS. Main 

T>oll Micliael, cigar manufactuier, 447 S. Main, lioQa?^ 

lear Sitgreaves 
Der»-an»er Charles, railroader. 299 S. Main 
Davis Wm., railroade]-, 134 River 

dealEK in 


r"l:iillil> IKT. «r. 

I t Imiii l.i III uj Hiiriinu (iijii is, Siiii,l,i iit/ iiiiil ( 'li»icl tnj '/>>'»<» <co«»/»«r<?(/.* 
ill Sturl.' lit itiilliiiii i'rirrs, 

mi k LEININKER, "'"J^Jiit'^lxr'gi if^'-'inFJi TDRE .. 

Dennis John, railroader, 537 Mercer 

Divett Marrin, laborer, G19 Mercer 

Divett Fiank. boilej- maker, bds. 619 Mercer 

l)a\\s(jn l^hili}*. jailroader. .531 Fayette 

l>urkam Michael, laborer, 520 Howard 

l)unwurth John Sr., laborer, 608 Howard 

l>unworth John Jr., laborer, 608 Howard 

IHuan Thomas, biakeman. Fox 

J hilly John, moulder, 142 Fox 

Davitt .lohn, tiagman. 062 Howard 

Demass Lewis, switchman. 746 Howard 

]>»^reamei- Peter, laborer, 837 Howard 

Davidge Chail^-s. labore]-. Howard 

D^-witt Silas \V.. law judge uf Warren countv. office 

<»ver Bel. J>el. depot, Union Square, bds.* 174 S. 

l>«\iK Mm. >!., lawyer, 16 Union Square, res. above 

il<.U«-ll S<h«.ol HoUfce 

Deichman A. S.. insurance agent, 18 Union Square, 
ret. Centre Square. Easton k 

ANnRFW^ Jt liniF ^^()5'Northirmpton St..' Easton. Pa The 
wnullLUs) (X. "» Li > Lm gent line utDRE88TKIMMlNGS etc.. 

IX HIT irnnmnxr wholehale and retail dealer ix hardware, stoves 
ilLM. WOnTOlN. heaters and ranges. 


Davis «am'l V'., prop. Lee House, 24 11111011 Square 

Dumont Jane, widow. 184 Brainard 

Dilts Edward \V., conductor. 192 Brainard 

Daub Anna, widow, 604 Mercer 

Oickerson Irene, near Central Railro-id Round House 

Dixon John, station agent, bds 224 S. Main 

Daubert A. A., tombstones, 309 S. Main h 604Sitgreave 

Dereamer Jesse L.. carpentei-, Klizabetlfs Court 

Dale Eldrid^e, railroadsupervisor. Dale's a ve 

Dale Mrs. Irene, widow, 175 S Main 

Dumont .1. F.. lawyer, 149 S. Main h 147 do 

Dumont Jennie, teacher. 147 S. Main 

Dumont Fred, student, 147 8. Dain 

Dilts Calvin, conductor, bds. Phillipsburg Hotel 

Dougherty James, laborer, South Market . 

Darling Jerome B., Asst. Supt. Morris Canal, res. 411 

South Main 
Dickey Peter, driver, 444 S. Main 
Danley S. B., retired, S. Haggerty's Row 
Dewitt Levi, wire-drawer. 289 Burnett 

Dewitt Washington, retired, 144 Chambers 

Dalton Stewart T., retired, 2H0 Bullman 

Dinsmore Mrs. Phoebe, teacher, cor. Bullman and 

Dick L. A., laborer, Rose near Second 
Davis William, laborer, 805 N. Main 
Dickey Peter, ironworker. Broad 

Delaware Rplling Mill office, cor. Delaware and First 
Divine Edward, lireman, Delaware 
Dalrymplt' George, laborer, Delaware 
Driukhouse F- Y., machine shoit, Delaware 
Duncan Mrs. Kate, widow, 120 N. Main 
Dawes Col. W. H., retired, 889 Chamber 
DeWitt Peter, wiredrawer, 882 Chambers 
Davis Ejjhraim. carpet weaver, 420 Washington 
Dunlap Ceorge C, engineer, 4.')0 Lewis 
Dennis Julm, brakeniuu, 4(n Lewis 
Dull C. J., butcher, 41(1 Chambers 
Dodd Vincent R., railiouder, 487 Chambei-s 
Dalle v J. v., shoemaker, 465 Chambers 

ALL KINDS OF HARDWARE i^jt^-i^^^^frj^^^i!^--^ 

UOrSEl-DKNISHING GOODS GKNi-llALLV -. M ^fll^'inie'S V^lm V'A 

Tiir BEh^T GOODS loi iLe LEAST a:ci.\t.\ «-i 11. ifii liUlllUii U, IiQolull; 1 a^ 

Bailey Mrs. Mary, dress niak'-r. 453 Chambers 

Der^^anier Jaiiies^ brakeniaii. 543 Chambers 

l)-als.I(»lii). laboipr, 120 Detweiler's Row 

Dingier Win., saloon. .Vi^ (^lusmbers 

Dwver John, i'lunacenum, 725 Fayette 

Dorch Casper, quarry man, bds. 1*30 Mercer 

Dennis Josejjh, builer maker, 82G Mercer 

Dean M., boiler maker. 817 Mercer 

Dulfv John, laboier, bds. 806 Mercer 

Dilts Levi, brakeman, 941 S. Main 

Devinnev James, laborer. (551 Mercer 

Doyle Thomas, loundryman. 708 Mercer 

Duffy John, furna^^^eman, 704 Mercer 

Dibble Edgai- A., engine inspector, bds. 751 S. Maiii ; 

Dowd James, grocer, 737 y. Main. bds. 735 do 

Ditton Charles, butcher, 721 8. Mnin h 719 do 

Ditton Charles, Jr., butcher, 710 !S. Main 

Ditton John, clerk, 719 S. Main 

Ditton Annie, teacher, 719 S. Main 

Demp>ter Wm.. horseman, Dempstei's Hill 

FELJI ii LEMNGER, ''°'-ifi it'.Sk?Fi:''^'-'lllPJi roRr.. 

Dempster Robert, boss. Dempster's Hill 

Dempster Robert, Jr.. horseman, Dempster's Hill 

Dempster M. M.. blacksmith. D<^mpster's Hill 

Demjjster Josei)li, blacksmith. Dempsters Hill 

Demi)sT»-r Mrs. Susan. Demxjster's Hill 

Duffy James, laborer, bds. 755 S. Main 

Dorsey Thomas, Hagman, bds. 755 S. Main ' 

Dilts William, loundryman, Jefferson 

D. L. iSi W. Fi>-ight Honse, rear Columbia Hotel 

l>uckw<)rth Samuel, railroader, McKean Hotel neaTS.' 

iMck Charles, mason 924 Sitgr^ave 
D(>l<»i>-y Thomas. tnainstHi-. 975 Sirg]>'ave 
D^hJey L<nvis, labojvr. 735 Sirgreaves 
Davis Patrick, laboier, 7^53 Sitgreaves 
Dean Kat*-. widow, 7ti7 Sitgreaves 
J>avis I)aiii<^l, (•ari)^'nter. U)59 S. Main 
J>ahymj>]H Charl»->,. biakeinan, 928 S. Main . 
Dairy mpi^' David, loundryman. 920 S. Main.' 
l>uc.kwojth John, lailroader, 832 S. Maia 

AWRDPU/Q fi. Iini [ iJOf) Norih.impton St.. EuHton, Pa. The - 
MnURL If OC flULl , Large8tliue uf DREBH TRIMMINGS ete. - . 

aOUSEFUKNlSKING <+OOt)S (iEXERALLY. TJ Tiff TfjrfD^.M!? Vipinw Do 
The BEST GOODS for the LEaSX MeNJEYat U, Ifi, llUllluil U. ijIulUlIt idt 


I)anpi;er Jacob, suloon, «1C S. Main 

Diehl' Fivd, crockejy, cVc, 7()6 S. Main 

I)o(id Alfi>id, f^ngin«-ei', CIO S. Main 

Ewing Joseph, car inspector, 214 Brainard 

Evving Jaiii^!S, monkey wrench*-!, bds 214 Brainard 

Ewing Lizzie, dressmaker, 214 Brainard 

Edline Daniel, foreman, 212 So. Main 

Everback Sariili. widow, 211 Hanover 

Engle Henry, engineer, 524.SitgTeaves 

Everitt Alexajidei', tireman, 529 Faveite 

Kileiiberg- John, wholesale liquor dealer, residence 

and store 526 So. Main 
Eilenberg George, student. 535 So. Main 
Erbacker John, plumber, 828 Mercer 
Ehly Frank, brakf^inan, 636 Mercer 
Ehly Edward, foundrynjaii, bds 686 Mf-icer 
Egan Michael, mason, 656 Mercer 
Eppler William H , blacksmith, h 636 Sitgreaves 
Eckharr Margar<-'t, widow, Foundry alley 
Eckhart Henry, foundry man, Foundry alley 

FELIX SLEiSIKGER, "'-^li.'gl^ri'^I': "•"■ FURNITURE. 

Elridge Taylor, laborer, 926 Sitgreaves * 
Eldridge Ziebie, foundryman, 960 Sirgreavt^s 
Edgerton Alvin, carpenter, 1060 So. Main 
Eppler Robert H., wall paper, 704 So. Main 



553 So. Main St., PHlLLIPSBURC, N. J. 

Me Wines m i Lipors for leaicinal M a S necialty. 

Eilenberger H. A. cigar manufacturer, store 648 So. 

Main, hons^ 646 So. Main 
Elyea F. H., laborer, Bennett 

MllUnLlVd a WULl, L.irsest]i!;eofDKES.STIIIMM:iNG8etc. 



Enslny David, mason, 247 Bennett 

Eti'lvri K. H . i)ainter. 118 Biilhnan 

EcotV Wilson, iron worker. Rose 

Eckert William, brakeman. North Main 

Extern Wm. II.. driver, hds 1(50 N. Main 

Ex I on >[anstield. driver, bds 1()(» N. Main 

Eileuheru'. .lolin, retired, 38o Wasliinf^ton 

Eckert .John, carpenter. Hudson 

Eckerr Frank, laborer. Hudson 

E<-ke)t (xustavus. laborer, Hudson 

Eckert .lohiiC, baker, 554 Washington 

Eckert William, laborer, bds 554 Washino-ton 

Eckert Adam, mason, bds 554 Washington 

Kversol^ John ('., tiivman. 426 Washing-ton 

Eaier Harvey. lab(»ie]'. 405 Chambers 

Eckerr Mrs. William, baker shop, Detw^eilers rov^^ 

Engln William, trackman. T>em])ters Hill 

Eldridg'^ Samuel, laborer. Mounts Hill 

For, e tidwaiil. railroader, 1H2 Chanibers 

Fisk M. M., itrincipal. 213 Bullman 

rslisS;Le:ning2r. ""• ':^JJZ Z":^J'r"- Tmtm. 

Flynn .leremiah, laborer. Front 

Frey .Ies.«*'. iron worker, corner Third and Broad 

Ford .Micliael. puddler. North Broad 

Vi>y(\ .lospith. clerk, bds Nortli Bi(>ad 

Fr.iwi/. Norman. car[)enter, 4'.i2 Inroad 

Foster Isaac, grocer, 2:^7 N. Main, h 285 N. Main 

Foster I). L.. clerk, 285 N. Main 

Force Kale, widow, 23:i North Main 

l"'rauiireliHr .lames, etigineer. North Main 

Fisjier John, laborei. Davis 

I'Msliliaugli \^'m.. cai- iiisjiHcroi-. 47*J Davis 

Frnsi Isaiali. laborer. 245 Jaiin Ijouisa 

••'r'-ck Aiitliony. laborer. 124 Deiweilers Row 

Folk (Miarh's. laborei' IDS Uetweilers Row 

Folk John, mason, loo Detweilers Row 

l*'olk Charles, mason. 102 Hefweilers Row 

l-'ehrer Chailes. holler maker. 514 Jiewis 

First .Jacob, laiiorer, 541> Lewis 

Fry Albert, retired, Marshall 

Firth Mis. Maiv, retired, near Cemetery 

Arx^rriTtrc Z TJ^lf -05 Nortliaiuj.toii St. Th.- only place to 
AiiUf^W;^ Or ilOU, buy tlic " GONFOUMATER " Corset. 

THe BEST GOODSforthe LEAST M©NEY at 11. m. riUuiUri U. LaMUll. 1(1. 


Flory Cyrns, hiak'^man, 702 Howard 
Fisher Mrs. Mary T., widow, 731 Huward 
Fehr N^'wherry. railroader, 8.56 Howard 
Fehr William, shoemaker. 856 Howard 
Fehr, Warren, boatman, 856 Howard 
Frankenlield Hugh, brakeman, 721 Fayette 
Fishbangh Peter, railroader. S14 Mercer 
Fisher John, laborer, 81U Mercer 
Fitzgerald Richard, laborer, 8o5 Mercer 
Flummeri'elt Jesse, book keeper, 969 S Main 
Frame William, t'oandryman. 94.5 S. Main 
Frame Jaine.s, I'lirnacernan, 927 S. Main 
Frame Miss <Jhristina, teacher. 927 S. Main 
Fitzi)atrick Michael, laborer. Cherry alley 
Fox John, laborer, cor Fox and Mercer 
Flynn Michael. RR detective, 658 Mercer 
Flynn John, railroader, 730 Mercea 
Flynn Wm. F., brakeman. Foundry alley 
Frye John R., paint^-r. 602 Sitgreaves 
Flynn Bernard, engineei-. 662 Sitgreaves 

FELIX SLEfflfGER, ^'''■^llt'^%:^r^^^ "'• FMITUEE. 

Franks Mary, 972, Sitgreaves 

Fisher Lewis, laborer, 929 Sitgreaves 

Flynn William, laborer, 938 Sitgreaves 

Fisher Annie, widows Spruce alley 

Fister George, foundryman, 649 Sitgreaves 

Folk Charles, carpenter, 711 Sitgreaves 

Ferry Joseph, laborer, 735 Sitgreaves 

Fisher Lewis, foundryman, 769 Sitgreaves 

Finnegan John, laborer, 1067 S. Main 

Frame Sanyel, machinist, near Andover Furnace 

Fitzcharles Lawrence, laborer, 993 S. Main 

Flemming Robert, foreman, 964 S, Main 

Flemming George, ass't foreman, 940 S. Main 

Fitzsimons Thomas, laborer, 936 S. Main 

Fenton George H., painter, 732 S. Main 

Fiske William H., books, stationery and music, 702 

S. Main, h do 
Flummeri'elt John, gent, bds 969 S. Main 
Fulper Abraham, railroader, 152 S. Main 
Flummerfelt Charlotte, widow, 164 Randall 

The BISSLE PLOWS ^'^ ^^^^^^^- Wate' Harto^tire. 

. i*!., iX.UKiUlN... .^>KE, pToves. heaters and ranges. 

280 ' PUlUAk^ BUKCt I ) I Pv El'TO UY. 

Fraslier AVni. W., cruidii'-rM]'. 287 Biainard 

Fitch Charh-y K.. editor W/rm^// De/inxrat^awd attor- 
iie\ -ar law. offii'e 102 Soiitli Main 

Fj-aiiks .lolin, I'reifi-ht af^niU. also rrieuiber of the firm 
of Meeker ^' Franks, . dealers in coal and wood, 
bds Lee Tluiise. rooms em- Market and S. Main 

Freeman Walter, drug stoiv. col* Main and Market 

Fiiljjer Robert, brakeman, 205 Market 

Fuller Mrs. Elizabeth, widow, 338 S. Main 

P'uller Edward, lirakeman, 338 S. Main 

Fulper Rebecca, widow. Cedar Alley 

Foulker William, laborer, Dempster x\lley 

Fiske Rufus. railroader, 716 S. Main 

Frizell James, farmer, Roseberry 

Fisher David, blacksmith, Dem[)ters Hill 

Focklin John, laborer, 626 Mercer 

Fahley Martin, laborer, 608 Mercer 

Flynn Beinardi. railroader, 592 Mercer 

Fislilei Thomas, railroader, 617 Fayette 

Vnuk John N.. engineer. 525 Fayette 

hhl Leininger, ''^^ ;s^««^:"yi:"'"- Furaitars. 

Fitzgerald Matthew, track walker, 628 Howard 

Filzpatiick Patrick, laborer. Chestnut Alley 

Fogle F>enjamin, car})enter, Fox 

I''uiiiace School Building (foot of Sitgreaves) 

I'Vrgusoii John S.. carpenter, 323 Lewis 

Folk John, mason, 367 Lewis 

Folk John Jr., laborer, 367 Lewis 

Faurebafli Phili}). brakeman, 375 Ijewis 

Freeman Mrs. Samuel, boarding, 325 Chambers 

Freeman Annie, ]uivate school. 325 Chambers 

Fiiliely James, labuier, Taylors alley 

Fr<tsl B. C. lawyer, Union Square, h 304 (Uiambers 

Frace Simon, cai-peiitei-, 408 Washington 

Fullei- Ceo. E., gioceiy, 405 Chambers, store 4()0 Lewis 

Fiifli Jcseph, foundry man, 446 Lewis 

Fishbaugli Calvin, railioader, 448 Lewis 

Fry Jacoh. laboicr, 4i'>{) Lewis 

F'isliei-. i-'ied, engineer, 525 Chaiul>ei'S 

(jiallagher Cliailes, laborei-. 602 Mercer 

(Gordon Charles, brakeman, ,523 Mer<^er 

ALL KI?iDS OF HARDWARE «'«'-^^»'^^^h^^^^^ 

.^iL It H OKi Url . H EATEltS AND fJANOES. 


'Gordon Granville, wiper, 552 Howard 

Grube Harvey, laborer, bds. 552. Howard 
<Tordon Eniaiiuel, wrencher, &24 Houard 

Gordon Reading, brakenian. 626 Howard 
■Grace G. H., Supt. Tel. C. R. R. of N. J., Dept. 

li Ferry street, Easton 
' Gipp Christian, laborer Benipstt-r's Hill 

• Giscliel Charles, engineer. 670 Howard 
Gischel Charles, Jr., job printer, 670 Howard 
Gruber Gottlieb, railroader, 728 HoAvard 

• Gibney Chris toplier. laborer. Chesnut Alley 
1 Grenninger Martin, moulder. 719 Fayette 
'Gordon El wood, railroader. Chesnut near McKe^n 
'Gallagher, Helen, teacher, bds. Lee House 
^Gamble James E., saloon, 110 and 112 S. Main 
Godley Mrs. Mary, widow, 134 S. Main 
Gillaspy Charles, fireman, bds. Columbia Hotel 
Gooley'Patrick, brakeman, bds. Columbia Hotel 
Griswoold Alice E.. music teacher, bds, 224 S. Main 

■Gove Frank, telegraph operator, bds. on Hanover 

Gulick x\ai'on, car inspector, 301 S. Main 
Gulick Amanda, dressmaker, 301 S. Main 
Goehler Philip, laborer, 15 Haggerty's Row 
Gibney Matthew, hreman, 22 Haggerty's Row 
Gibney Edward, retired, 502 South Main 
'Gorgas Jacob, railroader. Union 
Garrison Wm.. RR carpenter, Cedai* Alley 
Gorgas David, engineer, 6 18 Mercer 
Gallagher Hugh, railroader, 944 Mercer 
Gallagher Daniel, laborer, foot of Mercer 
'Gorman Patrick, contractor, 822 S. Main 
Gardiner James, teamster, 653 Mercer 
Gray Henry, brakeman, 635 Mercer 
•Godder Banks, conductor, 761 S Main 
"Grace liiitheruu Church, 727 S, Main, below Stockton, 

Rev. G. D. Bernliim, i)astor 
<jrait'ney John, laborer, i^r)S Sitgreav-s 
Glenville Albert, laborer, 3o9 McKean 
Gii)^) Francis, furnaceman, 614 Si tgi eaves 
"Gipp Joseph, foundryman, bds. 014 Sitgreaves 

AMJartAnan 9 7^1*1^* -05 Nul'tlianiUfOn St. Til' odIv r!;-ic-eto 

.JinClreWS & iNOil, hnvrh,- -f^oNFOllMATEir-CoUt. 

HCrHEFtJRMt;HI\0 t+OOf>!<0ENEIiALLy. TJ 11! linpirnXl''C' Pf^CtfVll Po 
The BEST (^ODS Tor the LEAST MONEY at H. Hi. flUriJUn LOolUli fd ^ ■ 


Gilin^er .leieniiah. engineer, 4*29 Lewis 

CTiiffitli T. U.. ])liysidaT), office 412 Chambers 

Griffith Wni. A., baggage-master, bds. 410 Chambers 

Griffitli Mrs. S. P.. widow, 449 Chambers 

Gnygai (t. A., carpentei". Fulton 

Griffith Percival. clerk, 449 Chanibeis 

Groondyke Andrew, brakeman, 5G9 Chambers 

Greenwood Wm., foundrymaii, Wilson 

Glackin Moses, moulder, 608 Railroad ave 

Gilluly Mrt!. Anna, widow, Heckman 

Gelphart Chas., laborer, bds. Heckman 

Gamill Patrick, laborer, Dempster s Hill 

Gallaghei- Frank, laborer, 922 S. Main 

(Tilluly Benjamin, prop., 2d Ward Hotel, 760 S. Mairi?' 

h 7r)8 do 
Gavin Richard, grocer, 740 S. Main, h do 
Grouney Philip, laborer, 626 S. Main 
(^rouney Rosa, dressmaker, 626 S, Main 
Gab^-rt John, laborer, 346 N. Main 
(■rallagher John, laborer, N. Main 

pi & LElNIN(}ERr""E''l-t'^lx?J gi! "^IM Rg. 

Grifhth Tliomas, puddler, 346 Broad 
Gabert Lewis, ironworker, 346 N. Main 
Go<»lu}>sky Henry, agent, N. Main 
Gallagher Mis. Sarah, widow, 154 N. Main 
Gross John, sash factory, 335 Morris Turnpike 
Gipp Jolin. lah^rer, 337 Fillmore 
Gleason Martin, laborer, 523 Fillmore 
(rross Adam, hostler, 120 N. Main 
(-lorgas h^dward, driver, 353 Wasliington 
Gorgns Saiininl ruilioader, 393 Washington 
Gilroy Henry, shuemakei-, h 334 Washington 
Goodwin Jeremiah, engineer, bds. on Hudson 
Gardner J. H., machinist, 416 Hudson 
(4ardn^i' FoiiMst. laborer, bds. 416 Hudson 
Gertsdu Fr^d., labor*^r, Hudson 
Green Wm., agent, 411 Washington 
Googas Joseph, engineer, 462 Washington 
(^ray Andiew, foundryman. 455 Lewis 
(Torgas Charles, butcher. 231 Washington 
Grinning Chris!, laborer. Rose 
Gast<>n Joseph, laborer, 351 N. Main 

ANRRPW^ A Nni P "205'North8to^t5F"8t., Easton. Pa.~Th^ 
WnunLffO g nULl, Largest line of DRESS TRIMMINGS etc 

EM iinnnnxT wholesale and retail dealer in hakdware. stoves 



Ixallaghei- Jamns, laborer, 958 Sitgreaves 
Ixallaglier Neil, confectionery, 9ii0 Sitgreaves 
Ixaris Aaron, foundryman, 955 Sitgreaves 
Garis Wm. E., laborer, 955 Sitgreaves 
Olenville Cliaiuicey, laborer, 858 Sitgreaves 
iielpke Charles, compositor, 633 Sitgreaves 
Oaliigan Edward B., peddler, 653 Sitgreaves 
(Tarrecht George, shoemaker, 810 S. Main 
^rartland Edward, prop. Andover Hotel 1032 S. Main 
Ixailagher John, laborer, rear Andover Hotel 
fxray Mrs. Annie, dressmaker, 948 S. Main 
Oillen J.imes, photograph agent. Bennet 
Oelpke Mis. Charlotte, widow. Bennet 
Oillen Geoige. driver, Bunnell Alley 
ixrooby Mrs Elizabeth, widow, 239 Bullman 
Oroolev Edward, telegraph opeiator, 239 Bullman 
Oreigs "George, car cleaner. 228 Washington 
Hagenbuch Wm., bookkeeper, cor. Morris and Cham- 
Hildebrand Lewis, carpenter, 224 Bennett 

, fM&lEINMERr^°^«i^^U°'^r. "'•■ FUENim 

Harrison Wm., shoemaker, Bennett 

Hawk Isaac, railroader, Bennett 

Herbert Wm. F., railroader, 134 Chambers 

Huff Simeon, engineer, 244 Bullman 

Huff Wm. H. , car inspector, 302 Bullman 

Huff Samuel, railroader, 227 Bullman 

Harris J. M., crockery and prop. Delaware Pottery, 

residence on Bullman 
Harris Benj. F. Genrl xAgt. C. R. R., Bullman 
. Hulsizer Silas, conducto]-, 229 Washington 
Howell Joseph, carpenter. Third 
Howell Mrs. Ellen, widow. Third 
Harrison Daniel, railroader. Third 
Harris Robert, ironworker. Rose 
Hauck F. F.. moulder, 403 N. Main 
Hummel Petei'. puddler, N. Main 
Hess John, caipenter, 329 N. Main 
Hively .lacob, laboi-er, hds. 317 N. Main 
Harrison Mrs. Euphemia. dressmaker, 312 N. Main 
Hickson (.'harles, laborei', 378 Broad 
Horn John, boat builder, Mercer 

ALL KINDS OF HARDWARE atw"adeBro».. Hactettatown.N.J. 

Tbe BES T GOO DS for iLe LE.45T MONEY a^i R, M, Dl Ult 1 Ul'i ilri&ll lll id . 


Huglie^ .liiinti-^. hursH- jockey, I'ds, 142 N. Main 
Hoiisiuaii JoliTi, I'ur diivei-, 213 Monis Turnpike 
lii^uins .Saiiiut:'], Jr., Baggage Masier, bds. Morris-^ 

Higgins Samuel. P., station agent. P. R, R., dep£>^ 

h :',-2] Muiiis Tuinjdke 
Ili^ju:iii^>i Kale, airist Ntndio. 321 Morris 
Hottinau Aug.. lal)orer. Moiris Turnpike 
Hawk Edwaid, la))orer, Morris Turnpike 
Hamilton Jacob, lalujrer. 449 Fillmore 
Hine.s Andrew, laborei", Davis 
Houch Rineliaid. laborf-r, Filmore 
Haggeity, widow, Fillmore 
Hari'ison R. G.. engine wiper, 428 Broad 
Hawk Cornelius. Avire drawer. 220 Harris 
Harwig Mr.-?. Wm., widow, 372 Chambers 
Harwig Josephine, brace maker, 372 Chambers 
Harvev Wm., railroader. 363 Chambers 
Hicks Biirrl^'y. conductor. '-'Al Chambers 
Hunt \V. AV.. -xpiv>sntan. 339 Chambers 

FELir& LEININ5ER, "'°''i?lit'5ix?'^l!^'-' FnENITiJSEJ. 

Harlf^ Wm.. carpenter, 308 (Tiambers 

11^-ckmjni Charles, rftired. 321 Washington 

Ibttt'oi-d Malilon. mason. 3t17 AVashington 

]lr»f!"ord Klmei-. mason. 307 Washington 

Harris Mrs. Mary, dr^ssmak^r. 379 Washington 

Hoff<»rd Emma, lore lady, bds. 379 Washington 

H^'nshaw P^tMi-. laborer. (533 Hudson 

Ilogen Danit-l. laboier. (J4G Hudson 

Hjighes Michael, 3d ward i)oliceman, 428 WashingtoiQ i 

HarJeJohn. fireman. 4A2 Lewis 

Harlc llerhnir. hiak'^iiiuj. 462 L«-wis 

Houston James, niachinist. 420 Fulton 

H»'lni)ig Wm.. caritenter, 407 Lewis 

Hag'^rman .lacub. tireman. 433 Lewis 

]\(>1\ .b»SH|,h. ((inducrc/j-, 427 Levis 

llart/-ll Herl)eri. grocer, les. 436 Cliambers 

Haggeriy Francis, railioadHr. bds. 462 Chambers 

ilauck Cliailcs. machinist, 637 Chambers 

Henr> David. biakHnian. 128 Detwejler s 

Haniian SanuHl. jailioad^^r. 110 DetweiJer's 

Tlic BISSLE PLOWS ""• r.Ti%'" Wades' HarHf are Store 

The BEST GOODS for the LEAST M©NEy at H, JM., nUHlUl'l 0. iJUdlUlli fQ, 


Hiilon Albert, laborer, 112 Detweiler's 

Heater Wm., brakeman, 104 Detweiler's 

Height Mrs. Elizabeth, widow, Chamb's near Heckman 

Hann J. W. . tire«rian, 527 Lewis 

Heery Mrs. Anna, widow, C)'S^ Lewis 

Hcery Luke, laborer, bds, 539 Lewis 

Hann Alf re(l, spring maker, bds. d'^Q Lewis 

Hendershot Channrey, brakeman, 546 Lewis 

Holmes Frank, G, D., machinist. Fillmore 

Haley Alfred, foundryman, 576 Wilson 

Hami»^r Isaac, boots and shoes, 631 S. Main res. 627 

Heath Albert, brakeman, 608 Railroad ave 
Hazzard Wm. S., brakeman, 271 Heckman 
Hoff Wm. H., pipe maker, Heckman 
Hofi James, pipe maker, Heckman 
Hnff Peter, foundryman, Heckman 
Hermes Peter, shoemaker, cor Heck and Fill 
Hammel Joseph, gardener, Henderson 
Hnghes and Cyphers, grocers, 16 and 18 Union Sq 

FM UmiliGER, "'"■ jglit'^k^'i^if ''■ FnRKITM, 

Higgins Peter, RR clerk, bds Lee Honse 

Heiberger Thomas, butcher, 128 S. Main, li \^6 do 

Heiberger Lorenzo, butcher, res 156 S. Main 

Houser Wm.. conductor, bds 152 S. Main 

Hess James, carpenter, 159 Randall 

Hoffman Wm. F., foreman, 157 Randall 

Hance Charles M., express messenger, 219 Hudson 

Horn Richard, engin<^er, Hudson 

Heller Samu^-1, hreman, 200 Brainard 

Hummer Andrew, laborer, 205 Brainard 

Hess Edward, conductor, 197 Brainard 

Hummer Wm. A., foreman, 191 Brainard 

Heitzman Stewart, farmer, 180^ 8. Main 

Heitzman Frank B., retired, bds 180} S. Main 

Hartzell & Kracher, gi'ocers, 196 S. Main 

flefferman John, conductor, 246 Brainard 

Hunter James, railroader, 238 Brainard 

Hurley Daniel, RR carpentt-r. bds Columbia Hotel 

Heller William, brakeman, 312 S. Main 

Hulsizer Hugh, express messenger, bds 224 S. Main 

OT T TTJ T "r\0* Compound Byrup of Wild Cberry with Hypopbosltes 
OX^ A 1j« JL^JL^O f>f Lime and Soda. Sure cure for ooughB, croap, etc. 




Hoffman Joseph, clerk, bds 2-24 S. Main 
Hendricks ChristopliH)-. hrakeman. Elizabeth 
Hoffman (reorge E.. railroader. I'M 8. Main 
Hadler A. A., insurance agt, bds Phiili{)sburg Hotel 
Hendricks Joseph, tireman. Pliillipsburg Hotel 
Home School, (pi-ivate) 339 S Main 
Harzell Reuben, painter. South Mai'ket 
H-igernian P. R. A: Son, grocers, 403 South Main, 

house 409 do 
Hagerman Charles, grocer. 409 S. Main 
Tlari'ison Cxeoi-ge. hiborer, 25 Hagerty's Row 
Harrison .lonah. laborer, 25 Hagerty's Row 
Hoagland James, tireman, 534 Sitgreaves 
Hagerman Cai\)line, milliner, 514 S. Main 
Hagf^rtv Peter H.. Mayor of the town, and undertak- 
er. 449 S. xMain 
Hagerty Frank, boots & slioes 447 S. Main 
Hagerty F. P.. stoves, tinware, and ice, 443 S. Main, 
Hagerty Martin, clerk, 525 Union 
Harrison Firman, teamster, 175 Union 

MxaeJgingsr. ""■ ^l^^^r^l!'"" hrnitar;. 

Howell Roger, machinist. Union 

llixoii Maitin. laihoader. HI I S. Main 

Hixon Andrew, raih'oader, Hll S. Main 

Ilousel John, bi'akeman, Odar Alley 

llHJi/iiiaM (ipoige, engine wiper. Cedar Alley 

House \\'illiani, engineer, 605 S, Main 

Howell II. Biidd. i»iinci{)a] fligii School, bds 537 

Sonili Miiiii 
lln;:^oi*l3 .loliii II.. lumlM-r. liardwaie, etc.. 517 S. 

Main, li 527 do 


Paint, Oils, Varnish, Glass, '" utty, etc., 



Tiagertv's Hali, occupied every Sunday afternoon at 

3.30 o'elock by Phillii)sburg Reform Club 
Hendri<'k8on \S'm., railroader, 820 Howard 

For rough.-t. Colds. Croup au.l nnifpniT'Kin OVDITD '"'f ^""^ Cherry with hf po- 
OinsiiropiU.n iiiio HHIKLDS' OUlUrUU liU 1 IlUr I>h<)«iihat«»ot llmaaudtod* 

TUe BEST GOODSlorthe LEAST MSNEY at 11. JH.. JlLllllUH 0. DaMUU. id. 


Hanl^y R^'v. P., ass'tin St. Philip and .James' churcli 

h 66] S. Main 
Heinly Abraham, rim'inrtor, 701 Fayette 
Hagei- -John, hiitrhpi", G3o Fayette 
Hf^agland 'I'errence, laboivr, Fayette near McKean 
HerV)err John, fVavman, 98<t Mercer 
Hawk Er- in, hostJer, 831 Mercer 
Hawk Frank, hrakeman, bds 831 Mercer 
Headley Ja<;ob, firpnian, 8'27 Mercer 
Hyre George, boile-r niakei'. 807 Men-er 
Holleran BartholonieAv, laborer. Sol S. Main 
Holder) .Jacob, traveling salesman, 853 S. Main 
Hnrley Thomas, foundryman, 845^8. Main 
Harris John, laborer, 813 S. Main 
Harrison Abbey, widow, 813 S. Main 
Hnlsizer Joseph H., prop'r American House, 801 S. 

Hoag Richard, laborer, .Jefferson 
Hoag Robert, boatman. Cherry alley 
Hoag James, laborer, Cherry alley 

FELIX tLEINfflSEE, ""■^^iSXf^t ^- FMITIIBE. 

Hayes .John, cl+^rk, 665 Mercer 
Herbert Cliarles, lireman, 710 Mercer 
Haley Friend, I'onndryman, bds 712 Mercer 
Haley Earle, foundryman, bds 712 Mercer 
Hans Peter, shoemaker, 718 Mercer 
Heitzman Wm., railroader, 73G Mercer 
Howell School Building, North Main 
Haml<^n .John, farmer, D«^mpster's Hill 
Hamlen Cynis, wheelwright. 752 Mercer 
Heater George M., laborer, Cedar alley 
Hammernjan Enrjij. carp*:'ts. etc.. 745 S. Main 
Hawk Daniel, groc*-r, 900 S. Main, h 707 do 
Hunt James, fireman, bds 7.55 S. Main 
Hawk Gustavus, laborer, 608 Sitgreaves 
Hawk Joseph, monkey wrencher, 610 Sitgreaves 
Hawk Horton, railroader, bds 608 Sitgreaves 
Hann Jacob, machinist, 630 Sitgreaves 
Hess James, raUroader, 652 Sitgreaves 
Hady Jeremiah, laborer, 944 Sitgreaves 
Hally Lawrence, laborer, 946 Sitgieaves 

ANRQEU/^ 2. Nni P 205 Northamptoi: St.. EastOD. Pa, The 
HIlUnLlVO <* llULl, Largest libe of DEESS TRIMMINGS etc. 


28« nil LLms BURCi 1 > IK EL"1H ) U Y . ^" 

Hug»-r Peter, wire drawer, 608 S. Main 

Hogaii James, driver. 9r)'i Sitgreaves 

Heist Oliai'les. laborer. 0r)4 Sitgreaves 

llariisoii C-feorge, sawyer, 970 Sitgreaves 

Harrison Lemuel, teamster. Spruce -illey 

Halley Jeremiah. Jr.. laborer,* 849 Sitgreaves 

Hansen Thoiwakl. boiler maker, 825 Sitgreaves 

Hub Peter, saloon, 64;") Sitgreaves, h 643 do 

Hub Peter A., slater, bds 643 Sitgreaves 

Hughes Mrs. P., prop's Union Hotel, cor Sitgreaves 

and Stockton 
Hendricks Fred, ioundr^nian, 705 Sitgreaves 
Huff Isaac, laborer. 725 Sitgreaves 
Hauce Albert, laborei. 747 Sitgreaves 
Haley Dennis, laborer. 749 Sitgi-eaves 
Hageity 1). \V., luml)er, etc., 1067 S. Main 
Hughes (reorge, laborer, 1063 S. Main 
Hawk C-feo. H., coal yard, 1003 S. Main, h do 
Hager Nicholas, butcher, 710 S. Main, h 708 do 
Hurbert Jolni. engineer, 908 S. Main 

Fsliz I y±iiSTr";^JZZ'^^'""- riiralturs. 

llulsi/.pr Stewart, i-aili-oader. 846 S. Mam 

Heatoii TlK.inas. uiacjiiuisr and pre.sent assessor, 830 

Soul li Main 
llann^ (t. }!.. riiismiiji, {j^yij S. Main 
llaiiiis II. II.. tidsiuith. 656 S. Main 
IlariUN \Vm.. tiiisnilLh, 650 S. Main 
Hager cV' Co.. butchers, 710 S. Main 
Hess William, blacksmith, Dempster's Hill 
Ib.adj.'y l>'iiioiis. i-ailioadei'. fuuiidiy alley 
lliiiiiiiM-! Jdlni. lalxHvi', Denipsfei's I'lill 
HiilV llolley. labojei-. Deuipsfer's H ill 
Inilay JoIim ('.. iionu orkcr and invenfoi. ;)52 inroad 
bely Frank. Huginc wipei-. 465 Fillmore 
hi- ham Chailes. Asst. Supt. W'aiien Found ly, 566 

Ingham Waltei-. loietnan. Wai-ren Foundry, 571 Lewis 
Ingliam John. Sup't Wairen Foundry, 236 Heckman 
Jol) \\ illiam, cai' cleaiiei-, Sjiimer 
Imlay Charle.s. brakemi.n, 943 S. Main 
Ihric hwin, lonndryman. 740 Sitgreaves 

Andrews &. Nnlf T^^ Noithamptou St. TUu oqI^ place to 
^iUUlCWJi tt IXUil, buy th*» "(JONFORMATEli " Corset. 

. jyi. rlUnlUHj HEATERS AND RAXGE3. 


Icelj^ Frank, laborer. Foundry Alley 

Iliric Elmer, foandryiiian, 752 Sitgreaves 

Iliric Robert, tirenian, 754 Sitgreaves 

Insclio Philij), railroader, 29 Haogerty's Row 

Insclio David, car inspector, 2-t Hi»ggerty'>» Row 

Insflio Jacob, clerk, 502 S. Main 

Johnson W. Scott, lal)urer. bds. 758 S. Main 

Johnson Alex., laborer, Rose street 

Johnson John, laborer. Rose 

tJohnson Chris., brakeman, 878 Lewis 

Johnson Mrs. Ella, dressmaker, 412 Washington 

Johnson VVm.. canal man, Chambers near Heckman 

Johnson Lewis, caipentei-. 456 Chambers 

Johnson Harrv. laiK)rer. bds. 412 \Vashin"ton 

Jones Henry T.. r.iUer. 854 Broad 

Jones Thomas R. L., cieik, 854 Broad 

■-loiie.«» •loliii M'aKhin$;t«>ii. representative the 

Ea><ton L>nlly E.rpres.s, and gen'l adv. agt 
Jones William, laborer, bds. Broad 
Justice Mrs. Marv, widow, bds. 841 Chambers 


Johnson \Vm.. machinist, 120 Chambers 
Johnson Wm. H.. railroader, bds. 118 Bullman 
Johnson Elisha, barber, 80 Union Square, h 1(»8 Del 
Johnson Alexander, railroader. 160 Randall 
Johnson Thomas, conductor, bds. 811 S. Main 
Judge Mrs. Rosanna, widow, 187 S. Main 
Johnson Wesley, blacksmith. Cedar 
James Josej^h, machinist, 609 Mercer 
Johnson Charles, laborer, Fayette near McKean 
Johnson George, engineer. 724 Mercer 
Johnson Fiank. laborer. Cedur alley 
Johnson Charlie, hooker \\\k Rose 
•Johnson Philip, laborer, 928 Sitgreaves 
Johnson Alexander, carpet weaver, Sjiruce alley 
Kellv Patrick, miner. Third 
Kei'kendall Reuben, laborer, >»'. Main 
Kotee Adam, laborer, 858 N. Main 
Kotee Henr\ . clerk. Broad 
Keller Frank, laborer. 822 Brojid 
Krouse Casper, tailor, Broad 




K rinket Charles, laborer, Mollis Tnriipike 

K imnier George, carpenter, N, Hudson 

K eller John, silk mill, bds. 447 Lewis 

K idney Micliael. blacksmith, Fillmore 

K t-atiwg Eaitholomew, moulder, 333 Fillmore 

K romer Maitin, 461 Davis 

K och Peter, i)eddler, 359 Lewis 

K ing A. AV.. engineer, 381 Chambers 

K H]n Theodore, conductor, 364 Chambers 

K inney Stewart, pattern maker, 319 Chambers 

Ku|»ka C^leinpui^, tailor, 163 S. Main, h 315 Chamb^a^ 

Keese Wm.. stone-cutter, 605 Hudson 

Keese Wm.. Jr., boilermaker, 603 Hudson 

Keas John, laborer, 513 Hudson 

Kitchart A. F., druggist, cor. Hudson and Lewis, h d& 

Kaicher Jacob, fonndryman, 460 Chambers 

Kaicher Edward, (Hartzell & Karcher,) grocers, res^ 

460 Chambers 
K^nt Fred., clerk, bds- 470 Chambers 
Kaiclier Mrs. Elizabeth, widow, bds. 464 Chambers 

FELII & LEININGER,. ^-:]^"^^^t^^^r^ ^ 

Keating James, shoemaker, 429 Chambers 

Kt^niia .lames, brakeman, 433 Chambers 

Kichline Samuel, brak<^m,an, 459 Chambers 

K^^niiey Michael, confectionery, cor. Chambers and 

KaJHi' Lf^wis. locksmith, 630 Chambers 
Kichline Reuben, laborer, 648 Chambers 



Fine Suitings made to order at reasonable rates. 
Give me a call at 

n:r, s<n rii majn stueet. 

Kiatner Henry, bakery, 540 Chaiiibers 

KlinH h.dujii. engineer, Fillmore 

Kiiin.-y .I(,hii. raipentnr, 269 Heckman 

K^iwv Mrs. Eliza, c andy st ore, Chaml/s nearHeckmaii 

5iH I P T PiQ* Compound Byrup of Wild Cherry with HypopboeUec 
^^■* * * '-^ ^^ J--'vJ or Lime and Soda. Bure cure for coughe, cronp, etc 

HTlff MnTj!Hn\T wholesale and retail dealer in hardware, stoves 
. M. rl Uul Un, heaters a\d' ranges. 


Kaiser Anthony, saddler, 12 Union Sqnare 

Kenny C, clerk, bds. Lee House 

Kinsley Wm., laborer, Shinier 

Kinsley Chai-les, hu. kster, Shinier 

Kelogg (xeorge, engineer, Hudson 

Kocher John, railroader, 198 Brainard 

Kemerer Edward, carpenter, 208 Brainard 

Kinney Thomas, railroader, 169 Brainard 

Kelty John, fireman, bds. Columbia Hotel 

Kane Patrick, trackman, bds. Columbia Hotel 

Kellcher Patrick, laborer, Dempster's Hill 

Keenan Thomas, engineer, bds. Columbia Hotel 

Keepers W. F. , tin and sh^^et iron woiks, 199 Market 

Kelog Wm. H., Sup't Morris Canal. L. V. R. R., 

depot, res. 185 S. Main 
Knedler Frank, postmaster, bds. 157 S. Main 
Kitchen Smith, railroader. Fifth 
Kerkendall Jacob, foundryman, Fifth 
Kearney Maria, widow, S, Market 
Kressly George, laborer, 17 Haggerty's Row 

FELIX &LEINTS&i. ""-r^'l^t'-Sk?":^!^ "• FURNITURE^ ' 

Kellv William, railroader, 5()8 Sitgreaves 

Kirkuff Elmer, driver. Union 

Kinnf^y Cleoro-e, laborer, Rivei- 

Kinney Fi'eeman, clerk, 139 River 

Kinney John, railroader. Henderson 

Kroesen Samuel, carpenter. Cedar alley 

King John, railroader, 539 Mercer 

Kidney IMiver, cigars and tobacco, confectionery, 

ice cream, etc., 606 S. Main 
Kuo-ler William, driver. 607 Mercer 
Kuo'ler Edward, brakeman. 543 Fayette 
Koabel Andrew. l)lacksmitli. Chestnut alley 
Keniery Willam, brakeman, Fox 
Kupbelsbeiger. Harry, baker, 607 S. Main 
Kocher Tsi-ael. engineer. 601 S. Main 
Knecht .fames M.. carriage paint»^r. 757 S. Main 
Kessler Hari-y. printer, bds. Brainard 
Kauffman Christian, carpenter, 824 Howard 
Kugler Frank, laborer, Jefferson 
Kipp Frank, foreman, 747 Fayette 

A IT A MATTcn 9 "NT^If 205 Northampton St. The onlv pbceto 
. iinClreWS iSf, iNOlI, buy tU^ -CONFORMATER • Corset. 

Tbe BEST GOODS for ibe LEAST MONEY at H. Jll. JIUulUlX U LdiilUll TfL • 


Kelly Daniel, laborer. 805 Fayette 
Knauss .lohn D., car inspector, 808 Mercer 
Kerkendall Rinaldo, railroader,^ bds. 808 Mercer 
Kellogg John, railroader, 923 S. Main 
Kane George, watchman, Cedar alley near McKean 
Kane John, teamster, Cedar alley near McKean 
Kane George, Jr., teamster. Cedar alley near McKeam. » 
Kane Thomas, teamster. Cedar alley near McKean 
Keliy Francis, saloon, also grocery, 805 and 807 S', . 
Main h do • 

Knobk.c-h John, moulder, bds. 646 8irgreaves 
Kugler Irvin, railroader, 702 Sitgieav«-s 
Kisselbach John C, cripple, 805 McKean 
Keaghan Thomas, laborer, 949 Sit greaves 
Kutzler David, blacksmith, 626 Sitgreaves 
Kenealy Mrs. Mary, widow, Fi undry alley 
Kurley Mrs. Mary, Avidow, 966 Sitgrpaves 
Kuip Edward, teamster, 969 Sitgreavps 
Kinney Terrence, foundryman, 929 Sitgreaves 
Kerkendall Peter, laborer, 801 Sitgrraves 

FELIX & LEININBER/°'-ii°li«Sl.?°a^ if "' FDMI TIM; 

Kinney Patrick, retired. Spruce alley 

Kerkendall Frank laborer, 739 Sitgreaves 

Kelly John, laborer, near Andover Furnace 

Kent Joseph C, Supt. Andover Furnace, h near same 

Knitendall Christopher, laborer, 991 S. Main 

Kichline William, laborer, 946 S. Main 

Kase Arthur, clerk, 808 S. Main 

Klusmeyer Jacob, laborer, 740 S* Main 

King Ida. candies, 718 S. Main 

Lake Alva I>., telegraph operator, Bullman 

Laubach Issac, huckster, 216 Washington 

J^ee House, S. V. I>avis, proper, 24 and 26 Union Sq 

Lc»ng and I^.(»ileau. lumber and hardware, 20 Union Sq 

lA^rvh KoImtI II. « stationery and books, 122 SoutS.. 

Loveridge Mrs. G., 134 South Main 
Lee A. IL, retired, 160 South Main 
Ludrig William, laborer, Tindall ave 
Lommasson Abiam, carpenter,- 153 Randall 
Lomasson Miss Emily, principal, 153 Randall 

AlinDCU/Q fi. Mm C 205 Northampton St., Easton, Pa. Tha 
AnUnLfTO 06 nULr, Largest Uneuf DRESS TRIMMINGS etci 

li.e KESTGOOmtortbe LEAST MONEY at 11, M, nUlLlUrl 0, JJdblUlli id' 

1 'i ni;LlP>BUKGl DIKECTOKY. 298 

Lewis El^zeaor, bhu'ksmith, 152 Randall 
Lain I) Mrs. Rosetta, widow, 156 Randall 
Lary Lafayette, eiigiiieer, 167 Rye;se alley 
Londeiibejy Isaac, lish, oysters, and milk, 198 South 

Main, h 195 Biainard 
LVjwt Mrs. Jerniina, invalid, 222 Washington 
Lumber yard, (Long & Boileau), N. Main 
Lamb (ieorge, painter, cor. Fillmore and Fulton 
Lewis David, machinist, bds 354 Broad 
Lyle John, laborer, 120 N. Main 
Lee Walter, w:titer, 120 N. Main 
Lerch Mrs. Jane, widow, 230 Harris 
Lerch Susan A., vest maker, 230 Harris 
Lerch Peter, sexton, 232 Harris 
Lerch AnthonV, railroader, 236 Harris 
Lemingtir Joseph, liieman, 365 Chambers 
Lafey James, laborer, 330 Chambers 
Leiberman Anthony, lumber, 324 Chambers 
Lewis George H., blacksmith, 312 Chambers 
Lewis (jfeorge, Jr., j^uddler, bds. 312 Chambers 


Loville Jacob R., clerk, 204 South Main 

Leslie, W. J., telegraph operator, bds Columbia Hotel 

Laird Charles, conductor, bds Columbia Hotel John, photographer, 441 Soutii Main ' 

For Good and First Class Pictures 



We guarantee a liner jucture, and one for less money 
than any other Gallery in the County. 
Cabinet Pictures, $2.00 per dozen. 

Tin Types, 4 for 35 cents. 


441 So. Main Street. PHIL.LIPSBURG, N. J. 

Near the Methodist Church. 

Lyman James, engineer, bds Phillipsl)urg Hotel 
Linden Moses, watchman. South Market 
LampHeld Nancy, widow, 27 Hagerty's Row 

ANDREWS & NniP -^^'''^°^-^"^^*---'^' ^^^^^ ^^* '^^^ 

J Largest line of DRESS TRIMMINGS etc. 

. iXi, IN UK iU In, wake, >toves, heaters and ranges. 


Lee Edward, telegraph ojierator, Hanover 

Lehigh Valley RR. depot. Market near Hanover 

Lee Joseph (colored), driver, Randall 

Laird Frank \V.. engineer. KJO Rivei- 

Lovell Asbnry, lal){)rer, 600 Mercer 

Lehigh Valley freight house. Golden, near Union 

Lanigan Wm., laborer, Dempsters Hill 

Lewis Xeltson, mouldei', bds. 812 Chamhers 

Lurkeu Mrs. M.. widow Tavlors alley 

Lewis Thomas, apprentice, bds. 446 Lewis 

Lyons .lolin, brakenian, bds. 452 Lewis 

Lamb Robeit, confecticmery. etc., N. Fulton 

Lehr (reorge, lireman. 450 Lewis 

Lloyd Alfred, foreman, 447 Lewis 

Liedy Howard, laborer, 406 Chambers • 

Lutz Charles, laborer, 122 Detweiiler's row 

Lfidy John T.. pattern maker, H>6 Detweiler's row^ 

Lambe-il Wil.son, laborer, C)'2() Lewis 

Lake Irviii. macbiiiist. 247 Heckman 

Lynch Barnel. laborer. 806 Hecknian 

relkSiLei ningEr. "" E^yt'^ ^r'Fi:""'' rarniture . 

Leibelsperger JSamuel, insurance agent, 605 RR. ave 

Lukeiis Tliomas, conductor. 202 Heckman 

Lawton Fhilip, ial)ore]', Dempstej-'s Hill 

Leaiy James, laV)orer, Mounts Hill 

J^eaiy James Jr., laborer. Mount's Hill 

Leaiy John, lalxjrei-. Mounts Hill 

Iveidy Jolin 11., moulder, 015 S, Main 

Leidy (leorge, moulder, bds 0L5 S. Main 

Laiibach Cas],ei'. builder. 724 Mercer 

Laii])ach (iothart, carpentei-. 724 Meicer 

Lilly ('harles, section boss, 858 Uowaixl 

Lowers Rudolph, railroader, 745 Fayette 

Laughlin James, blacksnnth. I'^iyette near McKean 

haufM- Joseph, retiied. !180 South* Main 

List Abiaham, boatman, Cedai- Alley, near McKean 

Lilly Lucius, quairyinan. 708 Mercer 

Loare Samuel, manager No. 1 <'o-operative grocery, 

res. 600 Sitgi eaves 
Lewis \Villiam. hucksiei-, S]»iuce alley 
Jjonuisney Timothy, laborer, reai- Andover Hotel 


The BEST GOODS for the LEAST MONEY at II. J)i. nUlllUll IJ, LdhlUll. lA' 


Loiideiiberger Osborne, i)i'op. Osborne House, 600 S. 

Launan Bernard, laborer, Howard 
Lutz David, railroader, Howard 
Leigli Mary D., drug store, 637 S. Main h 635 do 
Lewis Lorenzo, engineer, 731 Mercer 
Lutz Hugh, carpenter, 661 Mercer 
Lavery Wm., laborer, 637 Mercer 
Lang Oscar, retired, 715 South Main 
Loare Peter, quarry man, 6u6 Sitgreaves 
Lott Henry, engineer. 644 Sitgreaves 
Levers Mrs. Emmn, widow, 654 Sitgreaves 
Lutz John, brakeman. Foundry Alfey 
Lawler Thomas, foundryman, 748 Sitgreaves 
Lynch Edward, foundryman. Spruce Alley 
Lanc«^ Edward, laborer, 910 Sitgreaves 
Lerch Abraham, railroader, 932 Sitgreaves 
Laushe I^icholas, laborer. Spruce Alley 
Lutz Godfrey, laborer, 833 Sitgreaves 
Lauder John, retired, 171 S. Main 

FELH &LEINI«SER, ''"■:^°ilt'g.txr^""' FORUITUEE. 

Marsh Ed. H. machinist. Third 
Miers Alfred, puddler, 407 N. Main 
Malt House, unoccupied, 409 N. Main 
Mack George^ brakeman, bds. N. Main 
Mack R (bert, boiler maker, bd<. X. Main 
Muck W^m., painter, N. Main 
McCoiinei, O. D., grocer, 350 Broad 
Merritt Michael, laborer, bds. 338 N. Main= 
Mye s Petnr. driv»^r, bd>. 317 X. Main 
Miirchler Mrs. Nettie, tailoress, 308 N. Main 

o. TD. Ivrooo:^TIS^:Ex_J, ZE^i^r., 

NO. 350 BKOAD ST. . . - . PH»LLIPSBjRC, N- J. 

Choice Groceries and Provisions, 


Highest cash market price paid for butter, egus and all kinds of 

ooxT3>a-'ra.-ir :e»h.ox> u ox:. 

Morrow Charles, grocer, 34H Broad 
Mixsell Theodore, laborer, N. Main 
Major John W., carpenter, 380 Broad 
Murray James, puddler, 374 Broad 

ANLfntVl^ Oi NULl. <*KOYE8^?_5^STON, PA. 205 NORTH- 


HM M^DTmNT wholesalk axd ketail dealer in j 


Moy^^r Cadinrine. widow Delaware 
-Mose t.Tenther, laborer, Delaware 
Miller Daniel, car inspector, N. Main 
McQiiillen James, mining engineer, N. Main 
Murri> Samuel A., carpenter, Fillmore 
McGiiiiv Hugh, boiler nuiker. 3'r» Fillmore 
Miller John, engineer, Davis 
MildenbeJger Frank, laborer, 485 Davis 
Morris Robei't, laboier, •2413 Bennett 
Meriick Andrew, puddlei', 204 Harris 
Merrick Elizabeth, widow, 204 Harris* 
McCorkell Joseph, maciiinist, 216 Jane Louisa 
McCoj Kell Charles, coppersmith. 216 Jane Lousia 
McDanel David, sext(m, 314 Lewis 
Metz Henry J., tireman. 313 Lewis 
Montgomery Charles, railroader, 376 Lewis 
Moyer Amos, miller, 380 Lewis 
Moyer Lizzie, teacher, bds. 38() Lewis 
Moyer Samurl, gjocer clerk, bds. 380 Chandlers 
Mann \Vm. H., clerk, bds. 384 Chambers 

hh I Leininger, "^- I^^Z'^L:"^^ hmim. 

.Maj.p Mis. bilizabeth, widow, bds. 364 Chambers 

Mason Wni., engineer, 367 Chambers 

M«'('i-;ick»-n (Tec.igp. bjakemaii. 363 Chambers 

MvHis IbiDv. liivnum. bds. 35 7 Chandlers 

Millar Will., enginepr, 108 Chandlers 

.Miller A. (i., presiding elder, Bennett 

Mason H T>.. rntired, 221 I^ennett 

Milh-r Isaac* engineer. 221 Bullman 

.Myers Jo] in S.. carpenter, 146 Finnt 

Mil I rider Sarah, widow, 225 Front 

Mooiv .\lexander. foundivman, 1 4() Washington 

Mutchler A. J., mason. 2t.^6 Wii^hinotoi, 

Mcdinley Thomas, foinidrvinaii. 34trchambers 

Mdlei- Charles, cmiienter, 344 Chambers 

^Ietz James, le]egra[)]i operator. :J21 Chand)ers 

Mdler Ceorge H.. cur inspector. 3! 1 Chambers 

Marsh Isa:tc, book agent, 351 Washington 

Metz Catherine, widow, 355 Washington 

Miller John, painter. 372 Washington 

Miller J esse^ painter, 372 Washington 


The BEST GCODS for t he L EAS T MON EY at II. 111. ilUrilUll U IiaolUll fQ . 


McClaiv Walter, painter, 467 Washington 

Miller Joseph, biakeuian, 469 Washington 

McCorkell Fred., laborer, Taylor's alley 

McGloskev John, railroad carpenter, 452 Washington 

McUloskey Wni.. railroader, bds. 4o2 Washington 

McGloskey Henry, barber, bds. 4o2 Washington 

Meyers Wni.. brakeman, 459 Lewis 

McN^amara Michael, laborer. 265 Heck man 

Miller Valentine, painter, 412 Fulton 

McBride J. 0., silk milL bds. 747 Lewis 

McAulift' Dennis, conductor. 425 Chambers 

Moore, J. J., clerk, 451 Chambers 

Miller Fred., builder. 463 Chambers 

Metz Wm. L., laborer, 541 Chambers 

Mahon Martin, laborer, 565 Chambers 

McNally Wm., laborer, Chambers and Heckman 

Messinger Wm., brakeman. 516 Chambers 

Meyers Uriah, railroader, 504 Chambers 

Moule James, llreman, bds. 539 Lewis 

Metz Laurence, niilkman, 540 Lewis 

flLIULElNiBER, '""■A°li^U°^lt "'- FUlfflM 

Murray Robert, teamster. 544 Lewis 

Mason Charles E., engineer, 548 Lewis 

Maloney Michael, fonndryman, Wilson 

Marks Daniel, foreman, bds. Lee House 

Moon Hon. James E., Senator, 155 Randall 

Mixsell Edward, monkey wrencher, Hudson 

Meyers J. , brakeman, Reese alley 

Mciv[ally James, engineer, 172 Brainard 

^lartindell Richard, carpenter, 174 Brainard 

Martindell Mabel, teacher, 174 Brainard 

Mdleu John, machinist, 202 Brainard 

Merritt Cvrus, ftreman, 204 Brainard 

Meyer Isaac, oysters. 106 and los S. M.. h 209 Hanover 

Matz Benjamin, book-keepei'. 2(»1 Bruinard 

Mixsell L^wis. local Hxi)res^iman, 193 Brainard 

Meyers Samuel, brakeman. I9l Brainaid 

McCann John, shoemaker. 220 S. Mam. h 185 Brainard 

McCaiin David, ass't postmaster, bds. 185 Brainard 

Mutcnler Howell, mason. 179 Brainard 

Metz Elizabeth, widow, 167 Biainard 

AmJma«««m 9 VaI^ 205 Nortliampton St. Tlie only placeto 
AllCirewS Qb IN Oil, biivthe " CONFORM ATER " Corset. 

Hif \i nnmn V wholesale and retail dealer in hardware, stoves 


MixsHll .IiKol', ivtiied. bdy. 174 S. ^Nlain 

Mixsel! lliiiiy, iminter, Ixls. 174 S. Main 

MilltM' .Idliii II., hiakeiiiim, bds. C()luinl)ia Hotel 

Miliar Clias. P., engineer, bds. Columbia Hotel 

Meeker (xetirge, dispatch-'i', 22G S. Main 

MIxshU David, lawyer, 102 S. Main, res. 86 South 4th 

.\b)()re .bdm, Iniggage master, li. C. R. R., depot 

Moi-ris canal office, over L. Y. R. R., depot 

Myers (Teorge, groceries, 195 S. Main, h do 

Mc.rris & Essex depot, (D. L. & W.,) Market 

M«»^ei' isaar, watcliniau, i20 S. Main 

Massny Edwai'd, boiler maker, 40G S. Main 

Metz Reuben, engineer, 407 S. Main 

Main Street M. E. Church, Re-'. J. R. Bryan, pastor, 

4:M S. Main 
Molt/ Coitlandt. painter, 23 Haggvrty's row 
'^lociii^ .\ii;;:iisiiis. furniture warerooms, 513 S„ 

house 515 do 
Ml- Davis Geoi-ge, plane tender, foot of Hanover 
McK'^nncy (xeoigv, brakeuiau, 112 River 

FELIXl LElNINBERT''"°°^It'^i.?Sgr ^'- FUBNMEL 

Mcniaghan Ellen, candies, 6ol Mercer 
Mpl/gai' Charles, lailroader, Fayette 
Mnf/gai' Aiidiew, railroader, 140 P'ox 
McClar\- Ciiailes 1).. foreman painter, 139 Fox 

1 »e iler in 


Upholstering done in all its brahches 


Leading House in the County. 

r, t:t ,i r> in s <t i rii ma in strekt, 


-* . 

McNally Patri(;k, brakeman. Fox 

Mcllale Edward, boots and shoes, 529 S. Main h do 

McHale Mary E., millinery, 629 S. Main, 

For Ooughe, CoMm, Croup and pnillfnnTTlJ'n C^VDITDof Wild Cherry with hypo 
OoDSUmpUoD luo SHIELDS'bUlUrUUnU tjIuUr PhoBphateaQtllmea&dao4«. 


H. M. SOETOK'S EaslOU Pa. 


Mutchler S. B., contractor, 114 S. Main 

Murphy Thoma^. laborer, 750 Howard 

Murphy John, raih'oacler, bds. 750 Howard 

Martin Thomas, foundryman, 860 Howard 

Martin William, boilermaker, bds. 860 Howard 

Murn Jolin. laborer, Jeffei'son 

Me vers J. M . clerk, 633Favette 

Maroney James, car cleaner, 651 Fayette 

McDavi'tf Westley, clerk, 715 Fayette 

Martin Susanna, widow, 715 Fayette 

McLanghlin Thomas, laborer, Fayette near McKean 

McDermott Frank, grocei'. 755 S. Main, h 834 Mereer 

Mellick Jacob, teamster, 816 Mercer 

McShat'rey Michael, laborer, foot of Mercer 

McKue Edward, laborer, foot of Mercer 

Moser Thomas, railroader, Cedar Alley 

McHale Thomas, contractor, 913 S. Main 

M'^rray Dt-nnis. mason, 903 S. Main 

Morgan Charles, blacksmith, 724 S. Main 

Mayer Cleorge, bakery, 741 S. Main, h 406 do 

FELII SLEININMR, ^'■'- ^lij^Ir^.'^"- FURKITUEE. 

Martin Thomas, moulder, 811 Sitgreav-es 
Mefz Samuel A., drugs, medicines, jmints, oils, etc., 
660 S. Main, h 623 Sitgreaves 




A choice line of Patent Medicines, Perfumery, 
Faints. Oils and Varnishes al^ways in Stock. 

All -Medicines Guaiantoed Strictly Pure. 


Ordkrs by >Iail Ppomi'ti.y Attkndkd to 

]F»3E3:iT iT ■XI=»gi33TT 3El.C3lr 3Xr. J. 

Maddock Pierson, railroader, bds American Hotel 
Metz .] . C. laborer. 758 Mercer 
Mellick John, laborer, 7no Mercer 
Marker Matthew, laborer, 721 Mercer 

7T MnDT^^frC Q MPlT I? 205 Korlhampton St., Easton, Pa. You can fiaa 
jMIN UriL, W O OC IN Ui/r » it by the line large awning In front ' I sure. 

HM xinnmnv wholesale and retail dealer in hardware, stoves - 


__. PHJi.l.jPSBUKG DlKhOTOKY. TTpiiry, mason, 608 Moioer 
McClair JaiiiHs. laborer, hds 0(53 Mercer 
Muiray .loliii. j'oriudiyinai). 038 Mercer 
Mack Nlai^iaier, widow, 040 Mercer 
Mitcliell Tlioma.s. niacliiiiisl. Ixls 712 Mprc^r 
Maitin Jose})!), walcliiiian, 7J0 Meicer 
Mevers John, tisli and oysteis. 713 S. Main h do 
Marrinus Andrew B., carpenter, 749 S. Main 
Metz Daniel, iii-enian, 638 Sitgreaves 
Matrlies Leopold, fonndryman, 646 Sitgreaves 
Miller Prof, musician, 658 tSitgreaves 
Meyers Charles O., monkey wrencher, Stockton 
Mcbavis Jacob, laborer, FonndryAlley 
McCann Patiick, Spruce Alley 
Martin Margaret, widow," Foundry Alley 
Mooney William, foundryman, Spruce Alley 
McShane Peter, watchman, Spruce Alley 
Murray Bernard, mason, McKean near Main 
Maloney Patrick, foundry man, 906 Sitgreaves 
Meisenhelder Christian, mason, 916 Sitgreaves 

FELIX & LEIHIH GER, '""■:^i i^^i ^r^i^ "- FMITniJE 

Moriisey Michael, laborer, 945 Sitgreaves 
Morey Sylvester, blacksmith, 941 Sitgreaves 
M(."Ti'ey i^iU'ick, furnai-Hman, 931 Sitgreaves 
Mel I ale Edward, stone cutter, 639 Sitgreaves 
Mcllale l^ati'ick, mason, 641 Sitgreaves 
Mel Iain Joseph, mason, 641 Sitgreaves 
McllalH Williatri, mason, 641 Sitgreaves 
McIk/iH James, mason, 641 Sitgr<aves 
Milioy Lewis, carpenter. Spruce Alley 
M(i)'daw Lli/abetlM widow, 715 Sitgreaves 
.Nbirdan Tunis, laborer, Sjjruce Alley 
Mullen John, laborer, Si)iuce Alley 
Mullen Patrick, railroadnr, S])ruce Alley 
Mooiipy Micliael. iurnacHniaii, 925 S. Main 
McMulVn Daniel, laborer, 924 S. Main 
Minray iSeil, mason. 906 S. Main 
MclUianey Mrs. Catharine, saloon, 868 S. Main 
Mdlhaney John, niasrm, 864 S. Main 
Moule E. G., shoemaker, 802 S. Main 
Meyers Cliarles, foundrynum, 800 S. Main 


^^The^EST GOODS for the LEAST MONEY at H. M. WUKlUl'l 0, LESlOll. lE' 


Moiiao-han Wm., laborer, 858 IS. Main 

Mellick Howard, general merchandise, 800 .Main, h do 

McLaughli>i Wm., saloon, 748 S. Main 

McDavis Geoige, ferrym-m, 712 S. Main 

Martin Adam, groceries, 700 S. Main 

Moyer M. W.. engineer, 6o2 S. Main 

Marsh Edward, grocery, 632 S. Main, h do 

Muttle Joseph, engineer wiper, Stockton 

McCat'rey John, laborer, 953 Sitgreaves 

Mc('afrey Charles, laborer, bds 953 Sitgreaves 

Macauley Walter, laborer, 945 Sitgreaves 

Mooney James, laborer, 847 Sitgreaves 

McLaughlin Owen, boatman, 1058 S. Main 

McEnroe James, watchman, near Andover Furnace 

Maddock Thomas, laborer. Mounts Hill 

Masterson John J., agent. Mounts Hill 

McAnally Bernard, laborer. Mounts Hill 

McCann Owen, contractor, Dempster s Hill 

McMennamim Edward, laborer, Dempster's Hill 

McRea Thomas, laborer, Dempster's Hill 

FELimEjlMil^ "^- FURNITaEE. 

Moonev Daniel, laborer, Dempster's Hill 

Nixon*^Frank, heater, 254 Bullman 

Nixon Charles, 1st ward policeman, 233 N. Main 

Nixon Charles, Jr., puddler, N. Main 

Noble Amos, laborer, 142 N. Main 

Nixon AVm., laborer^ Fillmore 

Nixon Wm., laborer, N. Main 

Nixon James, laborer, Fillmore 

Nixon Thomas, moulder, 318 Lewis 

Nagle Henry, invalid, 352 Chambers 

Nagle August, brakeman, Herkman 

Newhart Hattie, forelady, bds. 366 Washington 

Nixon John, brakeman, 460 Washington 

Noonan Mrs. P., widow, 552 Chambers 

Newman Patrick, blacksmith, 536 Chambers 

Nixon George, engineer, 238 Harris 

Nalon John, brakeman, bds. Heckman 

Newman Thomas, coal, hay and straw, livery stables, 

Union Square, coal yard River 
Nixon Robert, railroader, 127 S. Main 

m ■■»*B«p'i«i<% A iini C 205 Nortbampt4>n street, E{>3tOD, Pa. 
Anllllblfw Ob nULr y Tbe reliable store for Blaok Oooda. 

TT \f \ir\-nrrr\\i wholesale and retail dealer in i 


802 PlillIji^IJRG"~DIKECTOKY^ 

Newman Wesley, car insp. bds. Phillipsburg Hotel 

Niece John S., engineer, Mercer 

Niece John E., Jr., carpenter, bds Mercer 

Newman Christopher, hostler and gardner, Andover 

Iron Works 
Nixon James D., conductor, 642 Howard 
Nixon Catherine, widow, 629 Fayerte 
Nixon Milton, boatman, Cedar alley, near McKean 
Neice Asa, fireman, 647 Mercer 
Nicholas George, laborer. 72i> ^ifgr^aves 
Norton John, l)rakeman, 644 IS. Main 
Newman Ellis, ice cream i)arlor, 720 S. Main 
Newman John W., clerk. 720 S. Main 
Nolan D^niis. laboi-ei\ Mounts Hill 
Newman W. H., laborer, Dempsters Hill 
Newman Rvbeit, laborer, Dempsters Hill 
Ochs Wni., cabinet maker, Hudson near Lewis 
O'Brien James, brakeman, 454 Washington 
U'Hara Aiihiii', lal)orer, bds. on Heckmau 
Oehler Wm.. machinist, 640 Kaihoad ave 

Fslix S: Leiningcr, """■ 5^11^^r^ir*^Fumite. 

Usmun Will., section boss, 507 Washington 
Otterbach Chai-les, machinist, 530 Lewis 
()[.if/, lleniy. huckster, Morris Turnpike 
Omick Jesse, laborer, 143 Fillmore 
Opit/ Call, shoemakei', 224 N' Main 
Oliver Oscar, cai- driver, N. Main 
Opdvke Geo. W., laborer, Delaware 
OzHiIbuugh .Jafnes. blacksmilh, 313 N. Main 
O'Jhieii Mrs. Jane, willow. Chestnut alley 
O'Neill Michael, engine wipei', !S28 Howard 
Osmun Daniel, l)oat caulker, Fayette near McKean 
Oinnieit .Michael, oyster saloon. 749 S. Main 
()pjiien James, ronndrynian, 63u Sitgieaves 
■O'iirieii (leorge, I'oundrynian, bds. 630 Sitgreaves 
Oster.stock AllVed, cari)enier, 817 Sitgreaves 
O'Brien P)aitholomew, laboier, Sp]-uce alley 
Osborne House, Osboine Loudenberger, prop. 60(» S. 

0.>mun L. C., (Ramsey & Osmun), i)hysicians, 210 S. 

Main, res. do 

OT T T "CT T T^O' Compound Syrup of Wild Cherry with Hypophosltes 
3 |~1 1 £1 L>LyO of I^l">« »n'> i^<^i^ f^ure euro tor coughs, croup, etc. 

The BEST GOODSforthe LEAST MONEY at H. 111. llUlllUrl ij, ildolUU, id' 


O'Neill O., stone mason, bds. Columbia Hotel 

O' Grady John. prop. Columbia Hotel, 314 S. Main 

O'Hara Robert, engineer, 620 Mercer 

O'Hara Anna, widow, 622 Mercer 

O'Connor John, stone cutter, 138 Fox 

Osterstock Pet^r, laborer, Dempsters Hill 

Osmun Milton, drug clerk, bds. 224 S. Main 

( denwelder John, telegraph operator, C. R. R. of N. 

J., res. Easton 
O'Hern Jeremiah, laborer. Demp ters Hill 
Phillips Charles, machinist. 220 Bullman 
Price Mrs. Anna, widow, Bennett 
Perdae John, conductor, 331 Bullman 
Patterson Lrwis F., conductor^ Harris and Bullmau 
Phillips Samuel, D., moulder. Rose 
Paul Lodoras, laborer, 349 North Main 
Powers Martin, laborer, 338 Noith Main 
Pendergraf James, shoemaker, 319 North Main 
Parker E. C. clerk, 3()9 North Main 
Pierson \Vm. K., huckster, Fir^t 

FELH & LEIMIN6ER, ""'-^^iS^r^^^ °'- FUENHWE. 

Price John H., blacksmith, 312 Broad 
Phillipsburg Stove Foundi y, office First 
Phillipsburg High School Buildine, cor Hudson and 

Phil.ipsburg Cemetery, intersection Fillmore and 

Page Wm., laborer, 385 Lewis 
Person John, yard master, 378 Chambers 
Person Edw., brakeman, bds 378 Chambers 
Phipps Samuel, conductor, 384 Washington 
Pierson Frank R., railroader, 330 Washington. 
Paff John, laborer, Hudson 
Peters Joseph, laborer, bds Hudson 
Peters Lafayette, monkey wrencher, 404 Washington 
Peacher E. P., watchman, 404 Lewis 
Parker William, foundryman, 411 Fulton 
Plummer Wm. M., carpenter, 404 Chambers 
Parks John R., brakeman, 437 Chambers 
Powf^lson J. C, fireman, bds 45 1 Chambers 
Prall Wm. E., brakeman, 529 Chambers 


sell the best $1.00 and $1.26 kid 
Gloves in easton, pa. 205 North- 
ampton STREET. 

]*{ M NnRT( )l\f ^^'H'^J'-^^'^LE AND KETAIL IVEALEK IN HARD 



Post Mrs. Kate, widow, 549 Chambers 

Post Mrs. Eva, widow, 549 Chambers 

Pendergi-ast Mrs. Thomas, widow, 556 Chambers Kate, tea. her, 556 Cliambers 

Prendergast Edw., laborer, 550 Cliambers 

Person Iliigh, conductor, 504 Lewis 

Person Johnson, number taker, bds 507 Lewis 

Pausrian John F.. baggage master, 532 Lewis 

Pynier Chris , hiborer, 543 Lewis 

Pfeiffer Henry, brakeman, Heckman 

Phillipsburg National Bank. John Bachman cashier, 

Union Square 
Pocachard C;i pi. Richard, supt. of ^'The Standard 

Silk Mil] Co.," bds Lee House 
Pensyl Thomas, biicklayer, ]>ds Lee House 
Fhilli|>>ilHii-^ Foi^l Office, Frank Knedler, post- 

masrej. 1 16 Soutli Main 
Puree! John, pattern maker, bds Union* Square Hotel 
Peeney B,al])li, machinist, 199 Brainard 
Prall (George, biakeman, 248 Brainard 

TElix i Leiningsr/;^- ^^^'iZ'^iT^Jm^ 

Peidof CJiailes engineer, 242 Brainard 

Peidop \a/./ah. teacher. 242 Braiiiaid 

Perry John, liieman. bds Columbia Hotel 

Pieisoii (reoi-ge. cleik, bds Columbia Hotel 

PuicHt IVtei- C. book-keeper, bds 224 S. Main 

PiiivPi Mrs. P. ('.. teacher, bds 224 S. Main 

Pliilil»s (ieoigv. railroadej-, 205 Hanover 

Faifn.'i .Matilda, saloon, 2b') M-irket 

I'r.-bv tH)i:,ii (;iin)ch. Rev. II. V,. Towjiseud pastor, 

<'or Main and .Maiknt 
Pwftiie Janie.s A., ivtired, lOlJ Main 
Patt,e.i'son Susan, widow, 159 S. Main 
Person Charles, lailroadei-. 157 S. Main 
Pliilip>< Isaac, madiinist, 1 45 S. Main 
Pliilip^ J(.s. C.. agent, bds 145 S. Main 
I*ursp|I Andrew, clerk, 141 S. Main 
Pliilli^psburg Horel. t(.r Hanover and Main, \V. H. 

Caiey. pr(»p'r 
Poll<»ck liolMMt .\|.. blacksmith, bds Phi Fb'g Hotel 
Pyatl Miner, railioader, 285 llagerty's Roav 

MechanicsJWsjof all kinds at Wade Brothers. 

Tbe BEST GOODS f or the LE AST MONEY at fl, Wl, riUIllUn IJaolUll id. 


Phillipsbnrg Gas Works, Union 

Potter Brazil, engineer. Union 

Peacher John, laborer, Union 

Promoly Charles, agent, River 

Pendergast John, fonndryman, 537 Mercer 

Pyatt Wm., boatman. 601 Fayette 

Pyatt Henry, brakeman, bds 552 Howard 

Peevey Ralph, laborer, Dempster's Hill 

Philips James, engineer, 816 Howard 

Price Andrew, 835 Howard 

Page Annie, McKean 

Peterman John, laborer. Chestnut Alley 

Parsell Wm., carpenter, 643 Fayette 

Post Eva S., teacher, 715 Fayette 

Price James, blacksmith, 925 Mercer 

Pyatt Howard, switch tender, 829 Mercer 

Piatt I. W.. shoemaker, S12 MeJcer 

Pettit Samuel, foundryman, 937 S. Main 

Piatt Anna, dressmaker, 803 Mercer 

Pettit Robert Jr., switch tender, bds 935 S. Main 

Pettit Robert, moulder, 935 8. Main 

Pyatr Edwaid, fireman, 929 S. Main 

Pettit W. H , laborer, Dempsters Hill 

Price W. S., blacksmith, McKean, h 963 Sitgreaves 

Pattenburg Mary, confectionery, 818 S. Main 

Pursel John, butcher. 809 S. Main, h ^11 do 

Paustian Henry, coal yard, also tax collector, 727 

Parker John, carpenter. 757 S. Main 
Parochial Hall, cor Main and Stockton 
PoAve Moses, blacksmith, 634 Sitgreaves 
Pfeiffnr Joseph, cigar maker, bds 646 Sitgreaves 
Patterson Aaron, railro'ader. 650 Sitgreaves 
Pet'i-nnanshleg Frank, foundryman 904 Sitgreaves 
Pefrnnanshleg John, foundry num. 908 Sitgreaves 
Prall Angeline, widow, 615 Sitgreaves 
Philips Aaron, laborer. 619 Sitgreaves 
Patterson Edward, laborer. 731 Sitgreaves 
Pursel S. C. general merchandise, 1O70 S. Main 
Pursel Ephraim D.. clerk, 1(>70 S. Main 

AMh91p\il/^ £i llnlF ^5^Nonhampton St.~^T'he Largest line of 
.JInUilLnu Ob nULr) Thomp-son's Glove Fitting Corsets in Easton. 




Pointon John, saloon, 1057 S. Main 

Peters Alexander, furnaceman, bds 1026 S. Main 

Pierson .Joseph, tlonr and feed, 762 IS. Main, h 764 do 

iVfninanshleg Joseph, laborer, 780 IS. Main 

Qnear SannieJ, carpenter, 946 S. Main 

Quigley John, tirenian, 660 Howard 

Key Holds Wrn., night boss, 2'2'S Bennett 

Hubert Vincent, moulder, 235 Bullman 

Hooker Wm., potter, 251 Front 

Hobbins Mrs. Jane, widow, 222 Washington 

Heese W. E., clerk, 208 Market 

Hedniond Samuel B., book keeper, 411 N. Main 

Hodenbough Irvin, ironworker, 852 N. Main 

Heaser Charles, carpenter, 348 N Main 

Haul) Levi, ironworker, 313 N. Main 

Hinker Edward B., tailor. First 

Hinker Geo. W., laborer, bds. First 

Hinker Edward, printer, bds. First 

Hichard Mrs. C, grocer, Broad 

Hhodes Mrs. Emma, widow, Broad * 

FEM WlMm"^^',^°^^i? "■■ FPRNITORL- 

Robinson Rebecca, widow, 156 N. Main 

Huche Andrew, laborer, Morris turnpike 

Heed John I)., blacksnnth, 205 Morris turnpike 

Heuss Joseph, hiborer, 852 Fillmore 

Roth .John, .Ir., cabinet maker, 451 Fillmore 

Roth John, carpenter, 453 Fillmore 

Kicker Theodore, telegraph oi)erator, 208 Harris 

Kicker Mrs. Mary, widow, 208 Harris 

Hickei' Fijink, teleirjajih opeiatoi-, bds. 208 Harris 

Jiicknr Geo. E., painter, 2o8 Harris 

Hooks Sylvester, retired, 247 Jane Louisa 

liooks Asher, quarryman, l)ds.' 247 Jane Louisa 

Hoadainiel Wm., retired, 811 Lewis 

Hodgers Jos. R., laborer, 888 Lewis 

Heyn.ilds Thomas, engineer, 318 Chambers 

Hogeis Chill les, engineer, .306 Chambers 

itichaids Wm., grocer clerk, bds. Broad 

Richard Edward, grocer clerk, bds. Broad 

Reese Adam R., car checker, 825 Washington 

Ricker Charles, carpenter, 383 Washington 


'fa^^m?! K DvSDPntir BpTTIPjIv ^ ""'*' ''"'"^ 'o*" Dyspepsia, Sick OET 
FALI.IULK iJJfOpcpilt liemeUy. NervouB Headache. Guaranteed. 

The BEST GOODS tor the LEAST MONEY at 11, M, nUlllUn JjdolUli fd . 


Rosebeny Jacob, retired, 386 Washington 

Raub Wm. H., brickmaker, Henderson 

Roseberry Sliipman, painter, 324 Washington 

Raiib Fle'mming, laborei', Henderson 

Roth John, carpenter, Hudson 

Roberts Wra., engineer, 417 Hudson 

Reichenbach John, laborer. Hudson 

Richline Fred., railroader, o06 \Vashington 

Rosebei-ry Peter, machinist, 448 Washington 

Robinson Wm., carriage maker, factory 753 S. Main 

h 440 Lewis 
Robinson Millard, carriage maker, bds. 440 Lewis 
Robinson Lafayette, switchman, cor. Fulton & Lewis 
Reed Jacob, carpenter, 463 Lewis 
Rahrig Samuel, carpenter. 4(»S Chambers 
Ryan Edward, laborer, 567 Chambers 
Rehfuss Otto, sign painter, 126 Detweilers row 
Rehfuss Gustavus, printer, 126 Detweilers row 
Rinehart Wm.. laborer, 118 Detweilers row 
Riegeleine Charles, laborer, Chambers near Heckman 

FELII &LEININGER. ^"■:Slit'i>'^r^lt ='• FURNITURE, 

Riegeleine Andrew, laborer. Chambers near Heckman 
Reilley John, moulder, 530 Chambers 
Reed J nnie, shirt maker, bds. 546 Lewis 
Roseberry Anderson, foundry man, Wilson 


Confectionery, Frut. Etc. 
Choice Line of Cigars and Tobacco. 


Raw. Stewed and Fried and Families Supplied 

in Large and Small Qu nti ies at 
433 So. Main Street. PHILLIPSBURG, N. J. 

Ripple Howard, foreman. Heckman and Wilson 
Roseberry A. C, laborer and (carmaker, 646 RR. ave 
Roseberry Charles, car maker, 630 Railroad are 

'^«'tX««*«Mix 1^. l:fi%l-f' 205 Northampton street. Ea$ton. Pa. 
,^IIMtrul0 iV X^Vlff store-room enlarged. Come and see 

Hir \Tnnmn\T wholesale amd retail dealer in hardware, stoves. 


Kandolph Pliineas, engineer, Dale's ave 

Roth Penrose, Ass't Supt. " Prudential Life lutsurance- 

Company," Dale's ave 
Rpese Mrs. L. C, widow, 181 S. Main 
K«Ml4^y Joliii I. Blair, lawyei-, 165 S. Main 
Reiley'Mrs. A. C, widdw, otli ave., bds. 204 do - 
Reese Mrs. Mariali, widow, 383 S Main 
Reese Charles, retired, 341 S. Main 
Reiley A. L., clerk, bds. 5th ave 
Robbins John, waiter, S. Market 
Rustay Julia, washing, etc., River 
Raub Andrew J., ticket agent. Cedar alley 
Reynolds Michael, baggage master, 628 Mercer 
Rustay Samuel, railroader, Cherry alley 
Roger Matthias, laborer. Cherry alley 
Reynolds John, night caller, 551 Fayette 
Rupert William, moulder, 533 Fayette 
Robottom P. J., pastor St. Luke's Episcopal churcby 

res. adjoining 
Rockafellow (reorge, laborer, 829 How^ard 

FELII & LEININSEPu ^""i^^^^t^^f^? "^- FnElHTUEK 

Rose Martha C 841 Howard 

Ryan John, blacksmith, Chestnut alley 

Rosenbeiy Charles, foreman, 645 Fayette 

Riddle J. C, railroad carpenter, 647 Fayette 

R(-asei- John, conductor, 709 Fayette 

Raul Benjamin, conductor, 731 Fayette 

Russel Philij), mason, 804 Mercer 

Rush George, carpenter, 800 Mercer 

Richiird Silas, fouudryman, 931 S. Main 

Kii(»des II. M., wall j)a])er and organs, 651 S Main h do 

Reily .laniK^, laborer, L)emi)ster's Hill 

Riiik^T Ivlward, fouudryman, 704 Sitgreaves 

Kaui) Leopold, fouudryman, 742 Sitgreaves 

Reiley Fid ward, stone cutter, 948 Sitgreaves 

Roarity ('ollom, laborer, 962 Sitgreaves 

liourke Reinard, laborer, 980 Sitgreaves ' 

RH»'.se Kiliian, machinist, 655 Sitgreaves 

Ripley Joseph, boatman, 743 Sitgreaves 

Ray Jacob, laborer, Spruce alley 

Rooks Charity, widow, 1080 S. Main 

PAJNTS d/Ild. OILS •*' '^^^^ BROS. , H&ckettstown, K, *,. 

The BEST GOODStorthe LEAST MONEY at fli llli llUlllUll U. lidblUll. id' 


Riley Thomas, Foiindryiiian. Heckman 

Raii(li)li)h Wm. M., clerk, Lee House 

RittHr J. C;, cigars and tobacco, 38 Union Square h do 

Rapp R. F., millwright, 118 S. Main 

Reamer Wm., railroad carpenter, 124 S. Main 

Reamer Lillie, teacher, 124 S.Main 

Reese Catherine, J 62 S. Main 

Randall Wm. T., grocey. 216 S. Main, h 162 Randall 

Reese John, invalid, Hudson 

Ratan Charles L., railroader, 206 Brainard 

Reese J. M., physician, 180 S. Main 

Ramsey James, physician, 210 S. Main 

Reese A. R., inventoi-, 108 S. Main 

Rogers Constance, moulder, Elizabeth 

Ramsey James, physician, 210 S. Main 

Rich Harry, engineer. 1077 S. Main 

Rich Wm., ass't engineer, 1077 S. Main 

Rippley Con^stance, carpenter, 9o4 S. Main 

Reuff Jonn E., foreman, 814 S. Main 

Rustay Jacob, engineer, 616 S Main 

FELIX & LElNfflSER, '"■^■^ii^i^r^lt ^'- FUENITORE. 

Rinehart A. R., milkman, 606 S. Main 

Swartz James, brakeman, 120 Chambers 

Smith Wm., Justice of the Peace, 189^ S. Main, h 222 

Smith Wm. Jr-, railroader 222 Bennett 
Smith Stephen, printer, 222 Bennett 
Smith Andrew, railroader, 220 Bennett 
Sitgreaves Irwin, machinist, 289 Bennett 
Schicka Albert, hod carrier. Bunnell 
Savacool Elias W., laborer, 358 Bullmau 
Smith Charles A., laborer, 338 Bullman 
Scott Edward, engineer, 221 Bullman 
Scott Bella, teacher, 221 Bullman 
Spinner Henry T., clerk, 207 Bullinan 
Stone Peter W., insurance agent, 201 Chambers 
Savacool Aaron, RR carpenter, 253 Front 
Shimer Josejjh, smoked meats, N. Main, h 148 Front 
Savacool George, supt. car fleaners, Front 
Sheppard Mrs. Emily, widow, 138 Washington 
Souders John, driver, 212 Washington 

ANnRFWQ Sf Nni E 205 Northampton Street, Epston, Pa. 

HRlinLIfU Ob nULiry The Be-t selected Une of Hosiery and Gloves. 

HA/T ATr\nnrr\M wholesale and retail dealer in hard 



Stabp Robert, iron worker, 358 Broad 

Shiveii John, laborer, cor 3d and. Broad 

IStabp Valentine, iron worker, 384 Broad 

Schrope Geo. W., butcher,* Broad 

Stocker Azariah, cor Rose and Second 

Slaven Wni., laborer. Rose 

Snyder \Vm. D., laborer. Rose 

Snyder Archibald, laborer, Rose 

Snyder David, laborer. Rose 

Snyder Thomas, ass't engineer, bds 317 N. Main 

Staiisburg David, iron bundler, 376 Broad 

Snyder Alonzo, iron worker, 382 Broad 

Skill man Henry P., engineer, Delaware 

Snyder Wni., puddler, Delaware 

Strattoji Ed. L. , laborei', Delaware 

Stone John, butcher, 221 N. Main 

Smith James P., heater, 146 N. Main 

Scliuoor H., (•ar[)et weaver, Morris turnpike 

Schn(.»()r Jolin, laborer, Morris turnpike 

Sfhull Charles, musician, bds 317 Morris turnpike 

££^°B^:6^^B'^§-^^'^^ CREVELIHG & CO.'S 

i>('liull Peter, stone mason, 317 Morris turni)ike 

Smith Jolin. stone mason. 315 Morris tuinpike 

SchmHJse .Inlin, gardener. 337 Morris turnpike 

Schaifer John, fireman, Morris turnpike 

Siiafler Thos., farmer. Morris tui-npike 

SliHppaid Win. ()., clei'k, Fillmore 

Snyder Edward, laborer, 489 Fillmore 

Strong (xprirge. hrak^'man, 507 Fillmore 

Smith .lames U., b()ok-keei)er, 471 Davis 

l^taniHis \Vm. T., cari)enter. 458 Ha vis 

Street Car Stables, near Union Square 

Soudeis Daniel, grocery, 325 Lewis, h 327 LeAvis 

StHniei' .John, railroader, 365 Lewis 

Sterner Monioe. i:i 11 loader, 365 Jjewis 

St<'nier Andrew, clei-k. 3(55 Lewis 

^nyder Christian, nnu^hinist, 372 Lewis 

Sniifli .IdJiii J., shoemaker, 191 S. Main, h 374 Lewis 

Smith Aaion, hod carrier, 382 jjewis 

Seibler Mrs. Julia, widow. 386 I^ewis 

Seibler Fred, painter, bds 386 Lewis 

Q"LJTT7T T^Q* Compound Syrup of wild Cherry with Hypoph08it»8 
O n. 1 lL L/ L/Cj of Lime and Soda. 8ur« cure for coughs, croup, etc. 

The BEST GOODSfortne LEAST MONEY at fli llli nUlllUlN tJ, LldhlUU. id' 


Seibler John, laborer, bds 386 Lewis 

Snyder Fred, coppersmith, 384 Chambers 

Snyder Benj., watchman, 359 Chambers 

Shafer Mrs. Eliza, widow, 352 Chambers 

Setner Thomas, wire drawer, 346 Chambers 

Slight Mrs. Anna, nurse, North Main 

Skinner P. W., tloiir and feed, 189 South Main, res 

331 Washington 
Sitgreaves Henry, conductor, 347 AVashington 
Shiner John, engineer, bds 355 Washington 
Scott C. T., agent, 373 Washington 
Stokes C. S , railroader, 387 Washington 
Schrantz Benj., carpentei*, 389 Washington 
Stites Wm. conductor, 395 Washington 
Stites Sanford, operator, bds 395 Washington 
Stites Charles, brakeman, 395 Washington 
Stei)hens JohnK., retired, Washiiigton and Hudson 
Stevenson Wm. J., foreman, 360 Washington 
Stevenson Charles, fireman, bds 360 Washington 
Souders John W., engineer, 368 Washington 

II You Wish An Elegant Fittiu)? Suit, call on T' 3!^ S^i: l« £^ P I M f 9, Hffi 
I'ROr. WM. M. l>Il.JLtINK,^\\:\i Ullfc,¥£LiWU mi \l\3t 

Sheldon Agnes, forelady, 366 Washington 
Smith Alonzo, laborer, 354 Washington 
Stott Mrs. Annie, 336 Washington 
Salzman V. E., barber. Hudson, h do 
Sinclair Mrs. Jane, widow, Hudson 
Schultz Alexander, florist, Hudson 
Schultz Elwood, tutor, Hudson 

Schultz Irwin W., lawyer and insurance, Lee Build- 
ing ^or Main and Market, bds 174 S, Main 
Sharps C. B., telegraph operator, 409 Washington 
Sntphen John R., telegraph operator, 413 Wash' ton 
Schooley Mary E., dressmaker, 415 Washington 
Schooley Prank, laborer, bds 415 Washington 
Schooley John, carpenter, 415 Washington 
Snyder Theodore, laborer, 463 Washington 
Sheets Samuel, blind, Taylors alley 
Snyder Simpson, blind, Taylors alley 
Swayze Lizzie, widow, 436 Washingtcm 
Scofield James, railroader, 430 Washington 
Sterner & Treloar, grocers, 418 Washington 

ANDREWS & NOLF'S '^lS^°°iin?sr.-^^^,^^ll^ 


H"N/r MriDT^r\"KT wholesale and retail dealer in hard 


Sterner Milton, grocer, res 418 Washington 

Smith El wood, )'ailroader, 458 Lewis 

Sepfel John, foundryman, 468 Lewis 

Shai'p Wm., engineer, 437 Lewis 

Sheppaid Chxra, dressmaker, 429 Lewis 

Stiles Ira, brakeinan, 423 Lewis 

Steiner Reding, iron workei", 428 Chambers 

Stamets Daniel, boat builder, 440 Chambers 

Stein Mrs. Christiana, widow, 452 Chambers 

Schlabach Wm., milkman, 357 Chambers 

St. John (xerman Lutheran Church, Rev. Jacob Zent- 

ner, pastor, cor Chambers and Fulton 
Shergan (.-feorge, mason, 505 Chambers 
SchaelTer Chai'les, laborer, 535 Chambers 
Shafer Theophilus. blacksmith, 118 Detweilers 
Smitli Frank, laborei'. ()25 Chambers 
Scliwauk Fred, laboi'er, 627 Chambers 
Shultz August, carpet weaver, 629 Chambers 
Schweikhardt Charles, clerk, 538 « 'hambers 
Saltzman Mrs. Mary, widow, 538 Lewis 

'^"" "inLJi^ %rz "-'' 'CREYELIKETcn 

f _ — — — . 

Saltzman John, laborer, 538 Lewis 

Seyer John, foreman, 542 Lewis 

Sheri-v Jacob, lireman, 551 Lewis 

Stronse Dennis, laborei-, Wilson 

ShnflV] Christian, cabinet maker. 263 Heckman 

Strouse Nathan, engineer, Heckman 

Sutton Alfred, laborer, bds oh Heckman 

Smith Adam, laborer. Hnckufan 

Strader liHwis. fr)iin(lryman. Heckman 

Searl'oss Pelei'. Iiosih'i-. He-ckma.n 

Sw-'eney Daniel, cleik. h over collectors office, Port 

DtJawaip, Morris Canal 
^iiiilli S. <\. pi'osecuting athn-ney, office over Phil- 

lipsl)urg l^ank. li 164 S. Xhiin 
Smitli David W., pool ro(mi, 32 Union Square 
Sitgreaves Edward, laborer, 134 S. Main 
Smith Koirest. bds 152 South Main 
Shrope Tlipodoi'e, conductoi'. 163 Randall 
Sanderson James, contiactor, Dempsters Hill 
Stiles Chas., boilnr maker, 856 Howard 

Mechanics Tools of all kinds at Wade Brothers. 




Slant William fireman, Shinier "" 

Sweeney Mrs. C. H., widow, 217 Hudson 

Sclirantz Isaac, carpenter, Hudoon 

Smith Isaac, cleik, 17U Brainard 

Seip B. F., miller, 178 Brainard 

Spruel James H. & Co., card and job printers, 184 

Sprowl Marv. tailoress 189 Brainard 
Shields T. J., ticket ag't, C. RR. of N. J., 198 Brain'd 
StuH Robert, machinist, 183 Brainard 
Stull Emma, dressmaker, 183 Brainard 
Seigel Jacob, retired, 176 S, Main 
Stewart R. A., physician, 170 S. Main 
Snyder Peter, railroader, 208 S. Main 
Saeger Henry, pattern maker, 222 S. Main 
Saeger Edw.'L., clerk, 222 South Main 
Stewart James, express messenger, 233 Brainard 
Smith John H., engineer, bds Columbia Hotel 
Street Isaac, engineer. l)ds Columbia Hotel 
Sellers Amos J., baggage master. 207 South Main 

CREVELING &, CO. liave the Largest Stock of Men's, 
Youths, Bov3 and Childrens Clothing in Northern N. J. 

Snyder H. M. & Co., hats and caps, 187 S. Main 
<Shrope Sylvester, conductor, Roseberrj^ 

Dealer in Everything. 
1086 So. Main Street, PHILLIPSBURG, N. J, 

'fusticeofthe Peace, Count^elov ofDeedti. 
Genet'ul Insurance Af/enf for 
fire. Life, Accident 
and Lire Stoch. 

General Business Office, Room No. 6. 

(over Bel. Del. Depot.) 

Chillier .1. M. R., general store. 1086 South Main, 

insurance office over Bel. Del. depot 
Sandf^rsou Wni., teacher. Dem]»ster's Hill 
S:5mith Edward. ]-aih'oader. 161 Randall 
Slant Landis. hostler. Shinier 

4litnQP\A/Q iL Nnl P "^^^ Northampton St. Keep the Largest lice 
-■MllU riLllO Ob RULl ) of Silks and Dress Goods ou E. Northampton 




Smith Bariier, carpenter, 195 Market 

Slawter^Cbarles, telegraph oi)erator, 189 Market . 

ISniirh Mrs Green, widow, 183 !S. Main 

►Sullivan Isaac, painter, 615 Fayette 

Smith James E., foreman, 603 Fayette 

Steiner Wm., railroader, 549 Fayette 

Smith Paul, monkey wrencher, 547 Fayette 

Smith Christopher, boiler maker, bds 629 Fayette • 

Salter Matthias, hrakeman, 535 Fayette 

Sitgreaves Samuel, carpenter and builder, 539 Fay't 

Sharps Lambert, engineer, Howard'^'"^ 

Smith Jacob A., railroader, (j'S'2 Howard 

Steinmetz Rachel, widow, Chestnut Alley 

Seifert D. L, jeweler, 619 S. Main, h 617 do 

Sheppard J. F., physician, 173 S. Main 

Stewart Jacob S., lawyer, 167 S. Main 

Sheppard R. H., dentist, 161 S- Main 

Stryker T. G., commercial traveler, 157 S. Main 

Schlabach Jennie, forelady, bds Phillipsburg Hotel 

Sheridan N. I., engineer, Phillipsburg Hotel 

"■° " f^i^^^^r"'' Gmnum & co.'s 

Snyder Jacob, mineralogist, bds Phillipsburg Hotel 
Schooley V. Y., clerkj Phillipsburg Hotel 
Shillinger Clarence, brakeman, bds Phillipsb'g Hot^I 
Snydei- Mary A., widow, 333 S. Main 
Smith John Wesley, brakeman, 5th ave 
Skinner Wilson, miller, 5th ave 
Sheod A. F., engineer, 5th ave 
Slikf-r RufuK, agricultural Implements, 340 S. Main 
Sliker Miss Kate, teacher 340 S. Main 
Simms Robert, car inspector, S. Market 
Smith JaniHs R., railioader. 11 Hagerty's Row 
SteiuHi- John A., foundryman, 13 Hagerty's Row 
Sniitli Peter, blacksmith, bds 502 S. Main 
Smith Edwaid, conductor, 52u Sitgreaves 
Stiles Eli/a, boarding, 522 Sitgreaves 
Smith Jacob, watchman, bds 536 Sitgreaves 
Schrantz George, brakeman, 538 Sitgreaves 
Stone J). F., coal yard, 542 Sitgreaves, h 540 do 
Snyder Josepli, cigars and shaving, 532 S. main, re& 
639 Mercer 

J^Kliri^i^K Dyspeptic Remedy- ^iZ^r^e'^Is^^'Xlt^r^^^i^ 

The BEST GOODS for the LEAST MONEY at n. llli 11 Un lull U LdolUll fu. 



Staniets Walter, railroader, 186 Union 

t^igafuss Oscar, laborer. Union 

S mi til John, clerk, 177 Union 

Scarborough Charles, mechanic. Union 

Souders James, teamster. Union 

Slack George, brakeman, 108 River 

Smith Wm. H., brakeman, 110 River 

Scott William, laborer, 132 River 

Sigafoos Michael, boiler maker, 618 Mercer 

Smith John, blacksmith, bds 606 Mercer 

Smith Anna, widow, 606 Mercer 

Snyder Albert, laborei", Clierrj" Alley 

Snuok Wm., telegraj^h operate^', 942 S. Main 

Stadelhafer Matthew, machinist, 842 S. Main 

Shipman J. C, clerk, 804 S. Main 

Stamets Ed. L., conductor, 726 S. Main 

Shiilte August, cigar maker 724 S. Main, h 722 do 

Stamets H. IL, groceries, 630 iS. Main, h do 

Sloan C. S., groceries, 622 8. Main 

Shewell Edward, boiler maker, 719 Fayette 

f^DCIICI lyf^firl^^'C^ I^oot ana Shoe Department 
link W CLIIlU 06 Ulli U Uueqnaled in Washington, N. J. 

S§t8. Philip and James' Church, Rev. Robt. E. Burke, 

pastor, cor Main and Stockton 
iSmith James, foundryman, 935 Sitgreaves 
Sine Israel, laborer, 823 Sitgreaves 
Skinner John, railroader, 629 Sitgreaves 
Smith Julia, widow. Spruce alley 
Scotield Wm., laborer, 723 Sitgreaves 
"Seitz Andrew, laborer, 727 Sitgreaves 
Smith Thomas, laborer', 749 Sitgreaves 
Smith James, boatman, lOS.O S Main 
Skinner Howard C, miller, 1082 S. Main 
Sullivan Jeremiah, laborer, Purcel 
Shimer S. L., retired, 1079 S. Main 
Smith John, laborer, 1062 S. Main 
Stocker Wm., laborer, near Andover Furnace 
Sherrer Daniel, laborer, 1026 S. Main 
Smith James, laborer, near Furnace School 
Smith Annie, widow, near Furnace School 
Smith John, teamster, 970 S Main 
Stafford George, moulder, 952 S. Main 

IWnTJrTXfr! Z Wntr proprietors of the "DOWNTOWN" 
..jailiiAuWu & ilUm, Dry Goods House, 205 Northampton 

' Street, Easton, Pa- 

n « 'MDRTn'N ^'^o^^sale and R£taili)ealeuin hardware, stoves 



bex Matthia.^, teamsier, Sheet Miil yard 

tSantee Ht-riuaii, boiler maker, 780 Howard 

ISt'iidcr .John, laboi'ei'. Dempsters Hilj 

^Mallle^ Patrick, b(jiler maker, Chestnut alley 

beabuld Charles, engineei-, 631 Fayette 

bmitli John E., foundry man, cor. Stockton & Fayette 

Sreven.soii Edward railioader, 703 Fayette 

Smith Adam 11., millwright, 7()5 Fayette 

Sigafoss Jehile, carpenter, 723 Fayette 

Sigafoos David, boiler maker, 727 Fayette 

Scolieid John, brakeman, Fayette near McKean 

Sigal"o(js Aslier, brakeman, 800 Fayette 

Smith James M., car inspector. 904 Mercer 

Smith John \V., retired, 845 Mercer 

Smith \Vm. E., telegraph ope)ator, 845 Mercer 

Smith David, I'urnaceman, Cedar alley 

Sheridan Bridget, candies, etc., 911 S. Main 

Schooley G. W., butcher, 901 S. Main, h cor. McKeaiii 

and S. ]SIain 
Schooley Sharps, clerk, cor. McKean and Main 

GO TO CREVELJNG & GO'S '"'%^i^J^'' 

Smith James, laborer. Cedar alley near McKean 

Shively Harry W., hostler, bds. American House 

Storm Antliony, boatman. Cherry alley 

Smith Holdien, ))rakeman, 653 Mercer 

Sigafoos .James, laborer, 740 Mercer 

Skillman .John, brakeman. Cedar alley 

Stocker Daniel, railroader, bds. 755 S. Main 

StockerWm. C, railroader, l)ds. 755 S. Main 

Sto(;ker Stewait. blacksmith, bds. 755 S. Main 

Stocker VVm., l)Ja(ksmitli, Cedar alley 

Shafer (leorge, laihoader, 763 S. Main 

Slacker David, railroader, 759 S. Main 

Sliafer .Joseph, saloon, 711 S. Main 

Smith .lacol), foreman, 645 S. Main 

Smith Ellsworth, moulder, 645 S. Main 

Smith Floyd, mail carrier, 646 S. Main 

Smith William, foreman, 645 S. Main 

Smith E. L., Secretary PhilJipsburg Stove Foundry^. 

639 S. Main 
Stamets Lewie, brakemar, 612 Sitgieaves 

PAINTS and OILS " ""^^^ BE0S.,lHackett8town, K, i.. 

The BEST GOODSforthe LEAST MONEY at 11. Ifl. nUlllUll U. IJliolUll. id' 


St. John Mrs. Catherine, widow, 660 Sitgreaves 

Saegar Wm , brakemaii, Stockton 

Stretclier George, laborer, P'oundry alley 

Snyder George, foimdryman, 70S Sitg'-eaves 

Sh^fer John, foundry man, 746 Sitgreaves 

Smith I?>aac, foundryrnan, Jelt'erson 

S tyres Rebecca, widow, Jefferson 

Styres John, laborer, bds. Jefferson 

Styres Cyrus, laborer, bds. Jefferson 

Shine Mis. Barbara, widow, Spruce alley 

Sugan Mrs. Sarah, widow, 902 Sitgreaves 

Strahle Anthony, laborer, 966 Sitgreaves 

Silliman John, blacksmith, 965 Sitgreaves 

Smith Theresa, widow, 9-il Sitgreaves 

The Standard Silk Co., Richard Pocachard, Sup't 

Standard St., 8d ward 
Tarleton AVni., laborer, Chambers near Heckman 
Tobin Christopher, foundrynian, Wilson 
Tighe Patrick, section boss, 654 Railroad ave 
Teel John K., grocer, r^s. 307 N. Main 

c:^jFLES"v:e3i-.xr^c^ c^ <oq,^s, 

Teel p^dward, brakeman, 287 N. Main 

Thomas E. \V., book-keeper, 211 N. Main 

Tilton Charles, laborer, Fillmore 

Tilton Forrest, railroader, 229 Chambers 

Thomas Henry, mason, 379 Lewis 

Thomas John, machinist, bds. 374 Chambers 

To^'iisentl Rev. H. B., pastor of the Main Street 

Presbyterian Church, h 317 Washington 
Trimmer josiali, railroader, 348 Washington 
Tinsman Mrs. Joseph, widow, Taylor alley 
Thatcher Mrs. Catherine, widow, Taylor alley 
Taylor S. L., tinsmith, 414 Pulton 
Tuloar Jas. , blacksmith, 459 Lewis 
Treloar James, Jr , (Sterner & Treloar, groceries, ) bds. 

459 Lewis 
Tinsman Matthias, brakeman, 431 Lewis 
Third ward shaving parlors, 416 Chambers 
Tracey Johi), brakeman, 461 Chambers 
Tieff Frank, foundryman, 509 Chambers 
Tate John, number taker, Bennett 

llinDCU/Q 9 Nfll C The CORRECT Place to Buy SILKS and MOURNING 




ThompsoJi Joseph, car inspector. 704 Howard 

Thatcher Anna, widow, 706 Howard 

Tippii and Wood, boiler worker, cor. Jeiferson and 

Tindall Reuben, tirenian, 801 Howard 
TenEvck George, shoemaker, 827 8. Main 
Tighe" Catherine, ice cream garden, 825 S. Main , 
Tax Collector s office, 725 Mercer 
Taylor Rosa, widow, 719 Mercer 
Thorne Charles H., engineer, 717 Mercer 
Taylor Win., car inspector, 681 Mercer 
Tipp*-! Elvnezer, machinist, 712 Mercer 
Thar.hei- David, railroader, 750 Mercer 
Taylor Philip, cart driver, Randall 
Taylor Wm., railroader. 682 Sitgreaves 
That(,'her Geoi-ge, railr(jader, 706 Sitgreaves 
Tomer Andrew, railroader, 746 t^itgreaves 
Toye James, machinist, 657 Sitgreaves 
Tanner J. H., cake bakery, 663 Sitgreaves 
Thatcher Jacob, foundryman, 721 Sitgreaves 

^^^ri^ThyVg^CREVELING & C OTS 

Trnxnll ,1. J., engnieer, *.»50 S. Main 

Thomas .Malihm,"driver, 864 S. Main 

ThaicliHi- .1. M., laborer, 884 S. Main 

Trudewind Chailes, carpets, etc., 734 S. Main, h do 

Thompson .lamns, boatman, 514 Sitgreaves 

TrnmltoTf' Samunl. Siip't Cas Works, 518 Sitgreaves 

Tiilly Thomas, horseman, Dempsters Hill 

Tolniie T. (t.. foreman, Uni(m 

Tiiomas .James, i-ailroader. Dennett 

TilVany .James, machinist. i42 Washington 

Tindail George, brakeman. 280 Washington 

Thomas .lames, watchman, Dempsters Hill 

Toadwin Allison P., gent, bds. Union Square Hotel 

Teets Samuel, tailor. P20 S. Main, h 118 do 

Teets 1). llovl. tailor, 1 KS S. Main 

Teel Kdvin E., engineer, 152 S. Main 

T(.11hs Edwin, clerk. 142 S. Main 

Tcllf^s .Mis. F. C.. widow, 142 S. Main 

Tolh's Fredeiick, teacher, 142 S. Main 

Tarinei' Thomas, editor and lepoi'ter, 180 Brainard 


The BEST GOODSforthe LEAST MONEY at 11. M. WUlllurl U, MSlull. fd' 


Teel Wm., boarding, 174 S. Main 

Teel Edmund, grocer, bds. 174 S. Main 

Tinsman J. F., gro«"eries, 182 S. Main h do 

Titus Thomas L., member of N. J. Legislature, 188 S. 

Teel L. M., lumber, etc., 440 S. Main, h 200 do 
Treadway Elizabeth, teacher, bds. 224 S. Main 
TroxelJ Daniel, tinware and stoves, 203 S. Main, h 

201 do 
Titus Richard J., brak*^man, 207 Market 
Teel S. H., groceries, 165 S. Main 
Tiiomas Samuel, grain, 153 S, Main 
Tinpett Jacob, (Tippett & Wood,) 329 S. Main 
Tippett George, clerk, 329 S. Main 
Thatcher Charles, railroader, 415 S. Main 
Thornlniry Thomas, grocer, 623 S. Main, res. 594 

Taylor Daniel, car inspector, Mercer 
Taylor Theodore, car inspector, 611 Mercer 
Tenecliff John, engineer, Fayette 

Call andbeciiaieawl CREVELIWG & CO.'S Ranges. 

Taylor Jacob, railroader. Fox 

Taylor John, invalid. Fox 

Thornbury Charles, clerk, 594 Mercer 

Unangsr Maria, w^idow, bds. 224 Harris 

Uiiangst Irvin. clerk D. L. & W., freight office, lives 

on Ferry street, Easton 
Ulmer Martin, boiler maker, 406 Washington 
Updegraff J. W., clerk, 110 Bullman 
1<iiioii Square Hotel, W. C. Smith, prop. 28 Union 
Unangst Christopher, car inspector, 599 S. Main 
Union Hotel, Mrs. M. P., Hughes, propritoress, cor. 

Sitgreaves and Stockton 
Vanatta Lewis, monkey wrencher, 304 Bullman 
Vanscoten Ellen, widow, First 
VanNorman Oscar, ironworker, cor. First and Del 
Van Norman Jacob, laborer, Delaware 
Vaughn Matthew, laborer, 162 N. Main 
Vought Henry C, brakeman, 215 N. Main 
Vogle Samuel, laborer, Fillmore 
Vanatta Wesley, engineer, 228 Harris 

iNnRFU/9 SL lini f 205 Northampton St., Easton, Pa. SeU the 
AIIUnLlf Ob HULI) best Black and Colored SilkB. Guaranteed. 




Vogle Theodore, tinsmith, 329 Lewis 
VanAiiiburgh Henry, laborer, 377 Chambers 
Vouglit Henry, Jr., hostler, AOO Washington 
Vonght Henry, i'urnaceman, 518 AVashington 
Voiight Lewis, i-ailroader, 518 Washington 
Vanatta James, rireman, bds. 436 Washington 
Vanatta Frank brakeman, bds. 436 Washington 
VanScoten George, insurance agt., RR. avenear Davis 
VanSc'oten Thaddeus, mason, 165 Randall 
VanScoten Jeremiah, railroader, 165 Randall 
Va!iatta Jacob, engineer, 218 Bi'ainard 
Vaiidegrift Augustus, iireman. 190 Brainard 
Vaiidegrirt James, engineer, 194 Brainard 
Vandegrilt Hudson, switchmen, bds. 194 Brainard 
Voorhees George, engineer, 236 Brainard 
Vooi'hees .lohn M.. clerk, 446 IS. Main 
Yail Henry, marble Jind stone yard, 404 S. Main h do 
Vorhees Mrs., dressmaker, 446 S. Main 
VanlSyckle Joseph, laborer, bds. 536 Sitgreaves 
Vogle V'alentine, laborer, 624 Mercer 

T^ .^Ts^ "^ CREVEUNG&CO 

Van Camp (Tairett. plasterer. 603 Mercer 

VantSyckle John, railruadei-, 625 Fayette 

Vanirken Albert, car cleaner. Fox 

Vanatta Isaac, passenger agent, 644 Howard 

Vulcan Iron Works, jN. Main, F. F. Diinkhouse, jn-op. 

I'es. Eastoii 
N'anatla Abraham, Iireman, 660 Howard 
\'olkerl Frank, saloon, 905 S. Main 
Vamiorn Mrs. E. C, boarding, 755 and 757 S. Main 
VeniliuH Wm.. fonndryman, 839 Sitgreaves 
Vandegrin AVilliani, railroader, bds. 619 Sitgreaves 
Veruultrik Sarah, widow, 707 Sitgreaves 
Vettei- Casper, (C. V. & Son), 838 S. Main 
Vetter Casi>er, J)-., iron and steel, 838 S. Main 
VetteJ' & Son, iron and steel, Si)i'uce alley 
Vetter Wm., I'oundiyman, 836 S. Main 
Voclit .John, ejigineer, 728 S. Main 
Van ATii])ury \Vm., truck farm. Bel videi'e roads 
Williams Wm, J., watchman. Second and Braad 
Williams Isaac, puddler, N, Main 

ForCough'B, Colds, Croup and nnMpniTVrn QYDlTPof ^^^'^ Cherry with hypo- 
Oonflumptlon use SHIELDS' uUliirUUliU 01111)1 phosphates ol lime and soda 

Tiie BEST GOODS for the LEAST MONEY at fl, ill. nUfllUn LdOlUll ffli 


Wariie M. T., coal yard, N. Main 
Wisley David, butcher, Morris turnpike 
Wrinkle Alfred, laborer, Fillmore 
'Wagner Stephen, grocer, Fillmore and Davis 
"Winkler Peter, laborer, 454 Davis 
Wildrick Fred. H., grocer, 237 Harris h do 
Wolverton Aaron, railroader, bds. 245 Jane Louisa 
Willever Mrs. Mary, dressmaker, bds. 374 Lewis 
Wilson Robert, machinist, bds. 374 Chambers 
l¥eller Samuel, carpenter, 362 Chambers 
Walmslny Joseph, retired, 327 Chambers * 
■'IVilson Frank, braksman. 3-i3 Chambers 
Wilking James, engine wiper, 322 Chambers 
'Warren Thomas, raih-oad clerk, 317 Chambers 
Wolf Isaac, carpenter, 339 Washington 
rWarne Edward J., book keeper, 139 N. Main, bds in 

^W^ilson Wm. R., Secretary " Warren Foundry and 

Machine Co., h 220 Buskill, Easton 
Wilhelm Wm., laborer, Bennett 

mo To GREVELING & CO.'S For Hosiery aui_&l5ves. 

l¥hiteman Jacob, machinist, 252 BuUman 

Warner Thomas, laborer, 256 Bullman 

Wright \V. I., veterinary dentist. Front 

Walton John, foreman, 148 Washington 

Walton Ella, dry goods clerk, 148 Washington 

Walters Stewart, blacksmith, 355 Washington 

Willever Stewart, conductor, 371 Washington 

Wolfram John, blacksmith, Hudson 

Wolfram Harry, barber, Hudson h do 

Wolfram Wm., laborer, Hudson 

Winters Peter A., laborer, bds. Taylor's alley 

l^Vilson Thomas, conductor, 446 Washington 

Wesley M. E. Church, Rev. J. R. Wright, pastor, res. 

Lewis Church, do 
Weil Harry S,, railroader, 460 Lewis 
Warwick Wm., clerk, bds. 447 Lewis 
' Wright J. R., pastor of the new Wesley M. E. Church, 

428 Lewis 
Wendland August, furnaceman, 443 Lewis 
Weygood W. H., student, bds., 4!4 Chambers 

"'T "\T r\ "D T? ^ { 7" C "NlfM T? 205 Northampton St., Eastou, Pa. The reliable 
AiN jJrvll/ W O OC LNULPj Dry Gof 08 Store for silks aud Dress Goods. 

Hur ■KinnmnxT wholesale amj retail dealeium hakdware, stoves- 


o22 rillLLlI'SBUKG Dli^ELTOKY. 

Ward Edward, liostler, 413 Cliaiiib^itj 

Waid Will., student, bds. 413 Cliambeis 

Ward Fred., coniectionery, 415 Cliariil)ers 

Warner Mrs. Sarali, widow, 456 Cliaiiibeis 

Warner Amos, clerk, bds- 456 Chambers 

Weidman Wm., laborer. 464 Cliaml)ers 

Wenner Gecjrge, brakeman, 475 Chambers 

Ward Michael, laborer, 110 Detweiler's 

WJHghorst Fred., l), 525 Lewis 

Wagner Mrs. Matthias. 517 Lewis 

Weikly»Janjes, tireman, Marshall 

Wagner x\dani, boiler maker, Wilson 

White Patrick, laborer, Wilson 

Winters Daniel, laborer, 600 Railroad ave 

Welsh .John, laborer, Heckman 

^ValU»i*!»i Win. Ili'iii-y. lawyei, I'ltion Square, (ovei 

Bel. Bel. depot, h 229 Braiiiard) 
West H. R. , physician, 142 ^. Main, Itds. Lee House 
WilWver P. B., section Ijoss, 158 S. Main 
Willever Chauncey, clerk. J58 S. Main 

Just Look at CREVEUNC & CO.'S 

Wohlback Tliomas, car cleaner, Shimer 
Willever Elizabeth, 202 Brainard 
Wainsley Rebecca, 265 Brainard 
Walmsley Harry, painter, 202 Brainard 

Wm. H. Walters, 


OFFICE over Bol. Del- Depot in Union Square. Residence 
on Brainard Street- 

Walmsley Sallie, teacher, 202 Brainard 
Wilson Trvin. conductor, 175 Brainard 
Wilson Matthias, conductor, J 94 S. Main 
Walters Silas C. teamster, Reese alley near Hudson 
Walters Henry, retired, 229 Brainard 
Wildf)ner .lacob, engineer, 244 Brainard 
Warrtn Diinocrat, Charles F. Fitch, editor, office 125> 
S. Main 

"^"''^'^.A^^J^i^^K^^^'^^lfiJf ae*^''''"*^^'*' Waies' HarJware Store 

Tbe BEST GOODS for the LEAST MONEY at II. M. nUrilUn U DdSlUll id. 


Wilson Garrett, telegraph operator, bds. Hanover 
Wilhelm George, dispatcher, 218 Hanover 
W aite John, engineer, bds. 301 S. Main 
Winters Maria, dressmaker, 331 S. Main 
Weil Daniel, freight agent, Golden 
W olfe Winfield, foundryman, 536 Sitgreaves 
Wolf Winfield, foundryman, 536 Sitgreaves 
Wolf Catherine, boarding, 536 Sitgreaves 
Wilson Charles, fireman. Union 
Wolverton Pliili[), brakeman, Cedar alley 
Welsh Patrick, laborer, 610 Mercer 
Wav Samuel, laborer, 625 Mercer 
Wismer Joseph, brakeman, 607 Fayette 
Walsh Mary, widow, 553 Fayerte 
Walsh Bridget, teacher, 553 Payette 
Wheeler Wm., conductor, 527 Fayette 
Wilson John, driver, Howard 
Warford Nt^rman, laborer, 612 Howard 
Warford Amos, railroader, 612 Howard 
Wagner Mrs. A., dressmaker. Chest nu»: alley 

- A S,...,.,M^L.,. o. CLOAKS .n, CRE7ELINE S DO 'S 

Willever John P. carpenter, 150 Pox 

Wilkius John, laborer, bds 136 Fox 

Warne Mark, switchman, Dempsters Hill 

Weaver John, boatman, Henderson 

Weaver Joseph, boatman, Henderson 

Weaver Henry, laborer. Henderson 

Wright George, laborer, Warren 

Wright William, laborer, Warren 

Wismer George, railroader. 7(»0 Howard 

Wagner John, boilermaker, 732 Howard 

Warner Hoagland, railroader, 748 Howard 

Ward Abraham, retired, 818 Howard 

Wettlaufer Jacob, shoemaker, 811 South Main, res 

^Vard James, laborer, Fayette near McKeaii. 
Warner Joseph, engineer, 938 Mercei- 
Warner Sheridan, railroader, 938 Mercer 
Warner Frank, boiler maker, 938 Mercer 
Weaver Benjamin, foundryman, 9-10 Mercer 
^Varner John, moulder, 853 Mercer 

^v^/^*^r^w^p JR ^TaI^ •JOfNiMtliamntoii St., Eastori, Fa, Tlie re- 
•AllUreVVi Mr iNOii, ii„hl.- HOUSE for Moumiug Goods. 





Warnei' (reorge, moulder, 858 Mei-cei* 
AVelsli Patrick, i'lirnacenian, bds 802 Mercer 
Welsh Richard, fiirnaceman, &()2 Mercer 
\Vrigiir Oi'ville, laborer, 701 Mercer 
Warner Reuben, carpenter, 747 Mercer 
Warner Sheridan, carpenter. 747 Mercer 
\\'ilson John, blacksmith, 722 Mercer 
^Valmsley Walter, switch tender, 729 Fayette 
Wilson Sarah, widow, Cherry alley 
Woodruff' Wm. B., brakeman, 702 Mercer 
Wisley John, huckster. Cedar alley 
Wallace Peter, mason. Cedar alley 
\V right John, fireman, 72y S. Main 
Warner August, retired, 731 S. Main 
Wan-en Assembly, K. of L., Parochial Hall 
Walters Irvin, boiler maker, 959 Sitgreaves 
Winters Robert, I'urnaceman, 835 Sitgreaves 
West George T., huckster, 651 Sitgreaves ' 
AVest (-feoi-ge Jr., job printer, G51 Sitgreaves 
W^alton Richard, engineer, 746 S. Main 

Flower Pots at 


Weikly James, fireman, Wilson 

Warner Ctiristian, railroader, Marshall 

Wallac^^ W. K., mason, C-frant 

Whitcoff l^)l)ert, blacksmith, 628 Sitgreaves 

Wilking Georg-, switch tender, 048 Sitgreaves 

\Vilson Thomas, foundryhian, Jefferson 

Warren Foundry & Machine Co., John Ingraham, 

supt., office cor Jefferson and Sitgreaves 
Woej)ple CJiarles, laborer. Spruce alley 
West Elmer, laborer, 713 Sitgreaves 
Wells Susan, widow. Spruce alley 
Widener Milton, furnaceman, bds 1026 S. Main 
Wagnei' James, furnaceman, bds 1026 S. Main 
Ward Allison, groceries, 999 S. Main 
Walker James, engine wiper, 822 S. Main 
AVerkheiser Monroe, harness maker, 802 S. Main 
Wambold Lafinus, cigar maker, 766 S. Main 
Wood A. I., clerk, bds Randall 
Young T. K., brakeman, 222 Bullman 
Yocum Abraham, carpenter 237 Bullman 






Young Wilson J., engineer, 811 Xorth Main 

Yoimgkin Peter, installinent merchant, 452 Broad 

Young Jacob, laborer, 405 North Main 

Young William, car painter, bds 811 N. Main 

Young Martin, brakeman, 235 N. i\fain 

Young Daniel, bi'akeman, 351 Chambers 

Young Jacob, moulder, 504 Washington 

Yoder John, bricklayer, bds Lee House 

Young William, stove maker, 207 Brainard 

Yob John, marble and granite works, 197 S. Main, 

rns 54 ]S'. 7fh, Easton' 
Young Joseph, carpentei', ))ds 536 Sitgreaves 
Young John, boiler maker. 138 Union 
Young George, laborer, 107 River 
Yonng Philip A., invalid. Cherry alley 
Young Joseph, tlagman, 743 Fayette 
Yutz Herbert, baker, 668 S. Main 
Zellers John R , dratnaric agent, 1080 S. Main 
Zentner Jacob, pastor of St. John's Lntheran Church, 

res Fulton 

Fringes and Press Trimmings at CREYELINE I CS'S 

Zink Kaiser, pe'ddler, Spruce alley 
Ziegler Lewis, railroad^^r, 545 Lewis 
Zwald Charles, watchman, 012 Hudson 

BUYnrHrRiiGEr& LiiGH 



Are becoming the leading Organ of the country. See them be- 
fore yon buy any other. 

Factory Pine St., EASTON, PA. 

Zwald Charles Jr., messenger, 612 Hudson 
Zulauf Mrs. Annie, 732 Mercer 
Zulanf John H., engineer. Broad 

ANDIlEWy Oi NOLr; pry'cpo'g8®HSuse®205 Northampton 

Street, Easton, Pa- 

The Washington Star, 

A Weekly Newspaper published at 
Washington, N. J. 


Six Months 75 cts. Sample Copy Fre?. 

The most enterprising newspaper 
])ul)lishe(l \n Warren county. Con- 
tains all the State and Count}' News, 
witli a full local page, 


d he Uaily Star, ])uldished when- 
ever occasion ret|uires and the people 
demand it. 


Kcjuipped with the latest st\^les of 

t\'p(' and an abundance of material. 

Work done Tastefully, Neatly, and Sat- 
isfaction Guaranteed. 




f'*"/! LLAMUCH Y is situated iu the eastern corner of Warren county, 

(HyC It is bounded on the north by Frelinghuysen township and 
-«^»/ v^_v Sussex county ; on the east by Sussex and Morris counties; 
on the south by Moi-ris county, the borough of Hackettstown and Inde- 
pendence township ; and on the west by Independence township. The 
township has an area of 30.72 square milesorlS, 260 acresof land, of which 
about 2,500 acres belong to the "Great Meadows" and is untillable, 
though a portion of this has been reclaimed by drainage. It was formed 
from Independence township in the year 1873 ; population of the town- 
ship about 900. 

The surface of Allamuchy is rough and uneven, covered more or less 
with hills. The township has an abundant supply of water, furnLshed 
by the many small streams flowing from its hill sides. The principal 
stream is the Pequest river, which enters from Frelinghuysen on the 
north and flows southwest Ihrongh the townsliip. The fanning land is 
mostly rolling — some, howevei-, being comparatively ievel, and is per- 
haps as susceptible of cultivation as any in the county. The soil is 
principally limestone, though in the valleys may be found a daik rich 
loam. The farms of Allanuichy are well cultivated and are he!. I at u 
high tigme, which speaks well lor the thrift of the township. 

A portion of the '• Great Meadows" is found in thi township This 
is a vast tract of swamp or. bog land, covering an area of a"(Oir. 6,000 
acres, and embracing portions of lour township- along the course nf the 
Pequest — Hope, Independence and Allamuchy in Warren, and G'eea in 
Sussex. In the year 1872 commissioners were appointed by the Supreme 
Court, and constituted a Board of Managers for the purpose of draining 
the " Great Meadows." The work has now been going on several year.s,. 
and good results are being realized in the reclaiming of the land, and iu 
the improved sanitary condition of this district Previously it wa.s a 
famous malarial district, which has been considerably relieved by this 
system of drainage. Allamuchy Pond, the only lake in the township, 
is a small and rather pretty sheet of water, and is the source of a some- 
what rapid little stream, running from its momentum rather thaa itR 
magnitude, two or three grist mills.. 


Tl)e exact date of the lirst settlement in AUamiichy cannot be i;;iveu. 
The most prominent and enterprising /judness man among the early 
settlers was one Josepli Demund, who settled here about the year 1800. 
He purchased (MO acres of land, where Allamuchy village now stands, 
planted orchards, built a gri1;t mill and distillery attached, and did busi- 
ness on what was then considered a large scale. He was fond of specu . 
latinir, won the confidence of his neighbors, borrowed large amounts of 
money, failed finally, and ruined a number of his securities. However, 
tiirough his enterprise, Allamucliy in tlie early psirt of this century was 
more prominent as a business place than Hackettstown. The Quakers 
were :dso am')ng the early settlers of the township. In 1764 they built 
he lirsl C^uakcr church in this portion of New Jersey, upon a site the 
(Iced ff)r whicli was given by William Penn, for the purpose of " a 
Friends meeting-house forever," which is the site of the present school 
house of Quaker settlement, used also for church services. This building 
contains a stove taken from the old one, and bearing the date •' 1764." 
About 200 yards east of the school house is the old Quaker graveyard, 
surrotuidert by a well built stonewall tive feet high, and still used for 
burial purposes. 

There are but tew villages in the township. Allamuchy, the chief 
village, and the cmly business village, is located a little northeast of the 
centre olthe township, and was probably the site of an old Indian village. 
It has two stores, blacksmith sjiop, wheelwright sl)op. postotlice, Jiotel, 
creamery and two giisl mills in close proximity. 

Warre.nville is a hamlet, midway between Allamuchy and Hacketts- 
towr). It was once (pnte a prosperous b\isiness place, but at present is 
uuimportanl in that jKirticular. A]];imuchy has no regular church 
organi/atiun. 'i'lic l.chigh and Hudson Kivcr Uailroad crosses the 
township. Sciiools, 4; scholars, 212. 

Vienna Restaurant 


Ladies' Dining Saloon. 

European Plan. Meals at all Hours. 

ICE CREAM and OYSTERS a Specialty. 

€on(H,ii(,i,eiy. Fiiiiis. Nutf^, etc. Finest brands Cigars 
Main Street near the Bank, HAi^KKTTSTOWN, N. .1. 


Township Directory. 

T'ostoffice addresses Allamuchy, N. J. 

Allen Samuel, farmer ; Arnold Stephen, farmer ; 
Arnold Philip, farmer; Appleby Wm., laborer; Ax- 
iford Jacob, laborer; Ayer.s James, farmer; Ayers 
Emma E., retired; Allen David, laborer; Axford 
Wm., fai'mer ; Applegate Moses, farmer; Ayers Geo. 
H.. farmer; Ayers John D., laborer; Aj^ers W. S., 
■mvW engineer; Adams Jesse, farmer; Adams John, 
laborer; Applegate Peter M., laborer. 

Buckley Alfred, farmer ; Barber Abner, retired; 
B-^11 Philip, farmer ; Batley Huldah, widow ; Batley 
Wm., laborer; Barret Christopher, farmer; Baylor 
«Chas. W.. blacksmith; Baylor John W.. blacksmith; 
Bartron Elsa. widow; Blackwell Mary, widow; Bar- 
t)er Mai on, farmer ; Bartron Wm., laborer; Barton 
-lacoli. laborer; Bartron Chas., merchant; Bird Mor- 
ris, lock tender. 


Cook Hiram, farmer; Cummins N. N., farmer; 
-Crammer John M., farmer ; Cooper Robt. M.. laborer; 

'Cunningham James, farmer; Cooper B. R.. farmer; 
Chamberlin Jas. M., farmer; Cooper Zackai'iah, la- 
^rer; Crate Mary; Cummins W. M., farmer; Cum- 
•3«ins Amanda, widow; Campfield Margaret; Conley 
Hannah, widow; Conley Peter, boatman; Cook M. L., 
lives on a lot ; Crammer George, laborer ; Crammer 
Wm., laborer; Crammer Sarah, dressmaker; Cham- 
^erlin D. P.. express and freight agent; Chamberlin 

. John C. drummer ; Cron Joseph, farmer : Cooper W. 

:^S., laborer ; Clawson Harvey, laborer ; Cummins An- 
<ll"cw, laborer. 

Deremer Eli. laborer ; Depue Chas., farmer ; Depue 
Kemy, cai-p^nter ; Dickersou Wm., farmer; Dicker- 
-son Caleb R.. farmer; Dawson Thomas, laborer; Drake 
<Teorge, laborer; Decker Joseph, laborer; Downs 
Patrick, gardner ; Dunn Joseph, laborer; Dunn Al- 

<§llin^P\A/Q JL Nnl P '^^"^ Northampton St, Keep the Largest line 
t-rnmi .ILIIO 06 ilUU) of Silks and Dress Goods on E. North}imi)t.(m 

Biir vnnmniJ wholesale and betail dealer in hahdwabe, si ovz.» 


iiioiid, Idboier: DiiTin Samuel, laborer; Dunn Aleac- - 
jiTider, fainier; Phillii)s Uolan, miner ; Drake Sa in iit*l> 
farmer; Drake K. H., gawyer; Drake J. W . sawyer =; 
Dilly John F., retiied; Deurnier Wm., farmer- 
Deninier John H., laborer; Davis Thomas, laborer- 
T)ennis A. J., farmer; Deremer John F., rooy>rj . 
Decker Joel, farmer. |ii^ I^:. 

Foster Thomas, laborer; Feasler Hnldah, widoAv. 

Gibbs George G., teacher; Gibbs Clinton, farmer;. 
Gibbs James N. , farmer ; Guess George, laborer ; Gray 
John, farmer; Guess S. Y., laborer ; Gill son John Si.,. . 
carpenter; Gillson John, Jr.. carpenter; Gills«T>m 
Albert, carpenter; Grube Maxmilian, shoemaker. 
Hannas Isaac, laborer; Harrington P. L.. laborer;-. 
Hendershot Benj., laborer; Harden E. J., farmer;.: 
Hubert John, laborer; Hibler S. L., farmer; Herinag: 


George, laborer ; Huff Joseph, laborer; Huff Samuelj^ , 
laborer; Huff Aquilla, laborer ; Harden Lemuel, bo ol£ 
agent; HaAvk Philip G., laborer; HaAvk Edward^, 
laborer ; Hinch Richard, coachman ; Hibler Lutitf®, . 

What Beanli ftil Prliitui ^RlVl LlNG & CO/S" ■ 

widoAv ; Hibler Matthias, farmer; Harris W. A... 
farmer ; Haggerty. Thomas, merchant ; Haggerty 
St^-phen. merchant; Haggerty Geo., niillei-; Haggnrtj: 
Morris, miller. 

Jones George, farmer; Johnson G. F., farmer; Julirr 
son Oracf, laborer; Hibler Cristophei-, retired farUier; 

Kelly James, laborer; Kinney Michael, farmer £■; 
Kettle Judson, farmer. 

Lundy Eli, farmer; Lundy Eli Jr., farmer; Lam- 
bert Jacob, laborer; Lyons Martin, laborer; Lewis;- 
Josiah, farmer; Lineberry W. L., physician. 

Meeker Aaron, laborer; McDonough Michael^, 
laborer; Mott Maria, AvidoAv ; Martin Richard, mer- 
chant; Mooney Eliza, AvidoAv ; Mooney Wm., laborer- . 
Martin John, blacksmith, 

Ni})er Azubah, widoAv ; Neigh James, miller. 

Polhemus Wm., farmer; Parks S. G., farmef-^: 
Parks Samuel, farmer ; Pool John, laborer ; Pool Geo,,^ 
laborer; Petti I John, laborer ; Philips Martha, widow;; 

ALL KINDS OF HARDWAPE ^rwio^B^BHaoetteto^^irx 

■File BEST GOODS for the LEAST MONEY at III iUi nUulUll ij IiaMull id. 



Parks Gersham, farmer; Pyles Wm., farmer; Pyles 

-John, laborer; Pyles Elbridge, laborer. 

Runion J. C. farmer ;.Iluiiioii L. M., farmer ; Reader 
:S- R., farmer; Riker Lewis; Rutherford Stnvesent, 

-areiired ; Rutherford L. M., retired ; Reynolds Richard, 
laborer; Runion Winfield, laborer. 

Sraley Alexander, farmer; Staley Mary, widow, 

• Staples James M., laborer; Snyder C. (i., laborer; 

•. Shotwell Emelissa, no occupation; Shackelton S. R.; 
laborer; Smith Milton, laborer; Staples Hiram, re- 
liired ; Sergant Charles, laborer; Sliafer James N., 
laborer ; Shafer Effa, widow ; Sutton George, laborer ; 
•Sutton Wm., laborer; Sherer George, laborer ; Sutton 
■^T. O., farmer; Sipley Sarah, widow; Sij^ley John- 
tson, J., farmer; Swisher (larret, farmer; Swarts- 
i^welier Michael, farmei- ; Stevens Theron, miner; 
^chooley Stephen, farmer ; Stiff Adam, farmer ; Stiff 
Marshal, laborer ; Schooley Aaron, laborer; Savacool 

♦Charles, laborer; Seals Wm., hotel keeper; Sidn^r 
Edward, laborer; Staples Wm., laborer. 

Iwie and seeCREVELlNG & CO;s ^'S^!^.J^ 

Tims Jas. W.. farmer: Tims Wm.. farmer ; Tims 
Wesley, farmer; Telfer John, farmer; Townsend 
'4.Teorge, blacksmith; Townsend Chas., wheelwi'ight ; 
Till rlohn. farmer; Till Joel, farmer. 

Vandiiser H. H.. fanner; \"an Horn AVm. farmer; 
ITanhuuter T. G., laborer. 

Willson Amos, retired farmer ; Willson John, far- 
'cner ; Willson David, retired ; Wheeler Isaac, labor- 
. ar ; Willson Frank, laborer; Wheeler John, laborer ; 
"Wheeler Peter, laborer; Willson Abner, faimer; 
Willson Ezra, farmer; Whitesell Emma; Wil- 
aiains John, laborer ; Waldron William, laborer ; 
White Wm., boatman; White Catharine, widow; 
Willson George, farmer; Wheeler James, laborer. 

Young Mary D., widow; Young D. A., farmer ; 
Toung W. H., laborer; Young John M., labojer; 
'Young l)ewitt, f-irmer. 


v!ur> Northamifton Street, E.-stou. Pa. 
Th'- Be->n Selected Line (>r Hosiery and Glovea. 


(^T*S LAIRSTOWN is one of the most northern townships of Warrea. 
1 \ Clonnty, and is so named in honor of one of her most tljs- 
.■^^^ tini^uislied sons, John I. Blair, a railroad king and millionaire 
of the present day. It was set off from Knowlton township by an act 
of the State Legislature in February, 1845, and embraced 27.30 sq. miles». 
or 17,472 acres of land. It has a popidatiou of about 1500. It is- 
bounded as follows: North, Pahacpuirry township ; east. Hardwick antf! 
Fielinghuysen ; south, Hope ; and west, Knowlton. 

Tho Blue Mountains on the north form the boundary between tixe 
townships of Pahaquarry and Blairstown. From the summit ot \hm 
range is a .series of hills and valleys, like a giant staircase, leading dowju. 
to the valley of the Paulinskill, q^ar the centre of the township. Oat 
the south side of the Paulinskill is a gradual rise extending nearly %&. 
the southern boundary of the township, where a ridge is reached, r^srn- 
ning in a northeasterly and southwesterly direction across it and forB8&- 
ing a local watershed ; the streams on the north running into the Paul- 
inskill, and those on the south into Hope township. The soil i« cokj- 
po-ed chiefly of a gravelly loam, susceptible of a high state of cuUm h— 
tion, and is very productive when i)laced under proper treatment. 

The iirincii)al stream in this township is the Paul-inkill, which runs- 
through the central portion in a southwesterly direction and einpties- 
into the Delaware. There are numerous other .small and unimjKrtant 
streams. Cedar Lake, sometimes called Buttermilk pond from the 
rnilky apjiearance of its waters, is a pretty sheet of water situate 1 about; 
one and a half miles from the village of Blairstown, and has becoixi* 
quite populai- as a local picnic ground and as a general summer resort- 
One of the natural curiosities of this township, and perhaps the o uly 
specimen of the kind to be found "n the United States, is Elephant 
Rock. It is situated along the read leading from Jack.souburg to Wal- 
nut Valley, about midway between the two places, and reseaibles verfr 
exactly a big elei)hant asleep. 

It is j)robable that the earliest settlements were made in the vicmitjr 
of Walnut Valley and along the Paulinskill. The red men were here 
ahead of the white settlers. There are still to be found the remains of 
an Indian village along the Paulinskill, on the farm of David F. Brands, 


ool far from the western border of the township. On the higli knoU 
above what is now l^nown in thi-^ vicinity as the •*' Ijig spring" was the 
old Indian burying-trround. where lie the remains of many a red man 
whose spirit has long since gone to the "happy him ting ground." 
Mounds and rude head.stones, marking the resting-places of the dead, 
are still visible though overgrown by trees and underbrush. 

The first town-meeting in Blairstown was held April 14, 184o. 

T)ie villages of the township are as follows : Blairstown, the " gem of 
the Paulinskill"', is beautifully and romatically situated on the right 
bank of that stream, nine miles from its continence with the Delaware 
liver, and about lialf-way between the capitals of Warren and Sussex 
counties, being thirteen miles sf)uthwest of Newton and tifteen miles 
northeast of Btlvidere. Blairstown is the natural centre of an extensive 
scope of territory embracing all tne northern part of the county, and 
even parts of western Sussex cimnty, bounded on the north by the Del- 
aware, extending to the eastward of Stillwater in Sussex, south to the 
Jenny Jump mountains, and Avest also to the Deleware. Its merchants 
and business men have always been noted for their enterprise and have 
always commanded a large share of the patronage, not onh- of the di.s- 
trict just described, but also a veiy liberal patronage from Monroe and 
Pike counties, Pa. The exact date of its settlement is not known, but 
there are evidences that it is one of the oldest t^wns in the county. It 
was originally called "Smith's Mills", in honor of the Smith who .set- 
tled there at a very early date and built a large grist-mill and saw-raill 
along the Paulinskill and near where King's blacksmith shop now 
stands. It was next called "Butts' Bridge"; then "Gravel IliU", and 
finally, Jan. 24, 1839, by a vote of the citizens it was called Blaii>^lo%vn, 
in honor of Hon. John I. Blair, before referred to. At this place was 
located one of the old-time whipping-posts. The Blairstown Prfiss was 
established in 1877; the bi^ilding of that name was erected in 1880. 
Blair Academy, a Presbyterian college preparatory school is located 
here. There are in Blairstown : two churches, Presbyterian and Meth- 
odist ; academy; public school; public hall ; hotel ; postoflSce ; general 
and grocery stores ; BtairHtown Press ; carriage nianufactorj-, and nu- 
merous smaller business places. Jacksonburg, a' small hamlet U Abated- 
about one mile to the northwest of Blairstown. It was at one time 
quite a business place. At the present time it has a school-house, 
blacksmith and wheelwright shop, distiller}, store and gristm.ill. WaJ- 
nut Valley, about four miles from Blairstown, was so called bccau-se of 
the large number of blackwalnut trees growing in that section. The 
postoflSce at this place was established in 1827, and was conducted by 
the original postmaster for about 50 years. It has a hotel building, 
blacksmith shop, and school building, ustd abo for church services. 

No. schools in. township, 9 ; scholars 447. 




(Only Paper in Nortliein VVarien County.) 


Published every W^ednesday Morning at the olli(;e on 
Main Street, BLA m^V >M^IV. N. J. 

Circulation over lOOO Copies Weekly. 

D. C. CARTER, - Editor and Proprietor. 

Thk Pmkss is a Avell printed, thirt^y-two column 
jiajier. devoted to the local news of Warren county. 
It is inde^iendent in politics, circulating as it does 
among the best classes of people in tlie county, and 
especially tlip rariiiiiig comnuuiity. It is unexcelled as 
an advHitising nindinm. Advertising rates moderate 
and hn-nishnd n))on ap])li(.'ation. 


$1.50 PER YEAR. 

<)ui syslem of correspondence is tlieniost comj)lete 
in tliH county. !S])ecial re[>()rters at every t<»\vn in the 
northern end of the county, and a si>ecial curresjjon- 
dent at the county seat. 

It's coliinins are filled with the latest and most re- 
liable nnws. Tiy ir and i)e <-()irvinced. Send postal 
/or sample co])y. 


has u;iadually ac(|uijed a rcj)ntati"n second to none in 
til*' couniv- New type is being added iTcmi time to 
.time, good workmen are em])loyt"d and Avith the steam 
power lately adcU'd, we are [)re[)are(l to turn out lirst- 
,c1hs'< \v(tjk at low rates. Pers<in^ i^) need of printed 
envelopes, bill l)oar(ls, note iieads, circulars, posters, 
<v^endue bills or anything in our line will do well to 
write lis foj- estimates l)efoi'e giving out the work. 

8ubsciibe I'oi' TiiK I'uKSS. You will like it. 

.Ml the news for $1.50 i)er year. 


Township Directory. 

All wfiose mcotioii i.s not rnerdioned are farmers. 

Angle Frederick, Blairstowii ; Angle David, laborer, 
BlairstDWii ; Ayeis George, butcher, Elairstown; 
Ay res Lama, tailoiesss, Blairstown ; Aiible Robert, 
carter, Blairstown ; AnbleGeo. D , miller, Blaii-stown; 
AubleGeo. AY., miller, Blairstown; Andress Roderick 
B., crirpenter, Blairstown; Andress Isaiah P., laborer, 
Blairstown; AJpaiigh Nathan, blacksmith, Blaiis 
town; Allen John M., Blairstown- Allen & Titman, 
lumbermen. Blairstown; Armstrong Milton IS'., M. !>., 
Blairstown ; Albertson Rachel, weaving, Paulina ; 
Albertson Philip, mail carrier, Blairstown. 

Blair John I. railroad king, Blairstown; Bellis 
John, Blaiistown ; Bellis John R., Blairstown ; Butler 
Henry S., minister of gospel, Blairstown ; Bowers John 
A., Blairstown; Bowers JacoV) S., Blairstown; Braiu- 
gaii George, druggist, Blairstown ; Ball Joseph O., 

Polite ano Handsome Cltirks at CPEVfLlHG I CO.^ 

Blairsto"wn; Ball Jacob, mason, Rlnirstnwr. ; BdU 
Marcus, mason. Blairstown ; Ball George. tii.>n:;t]i 
aprentice, Blairstown ; Bird Thomas iS., irason. 
Paulina ; Bird John, laborer, BlairsttAvn ; I'iid I^ainh, 
miller, Paulina ; Barker Harvey G., mason, Blairstown; 
Brown Nicholas E., laborer, Blairstown ; Brown Alvin. 
railrcjad conductor, Blairstown ; Brown Benjami'2, 
railroad conductor, Walnut Valley; BroAvn Tssac L., 
Blairstown; Blazier Charles, creamery hand, Blairs- 
town ; Babbitt Hampton, carriage painter and trimmer, 
Blairstown ; Beetle Elias E., cooper, Blairstown •,■ 
Beegle William E., cooper, Blairstown; Beck Enin, 
lumberman. Walnut Valley; Bunnell J. Fletcher, Blairs- 
town ; Bunnell Isaac, Blairstown; Bunnell Henry^ 
Blairstown ; Buunell Frank P., confe* tioner, dealer 
in gent's furnishing goods, hats caps, segars, notions 
etc., Bunnell Leslie C., assistant postmaster, Blairs- 
town ;BunnellLizzie,milliner.Biairsrown ; Bunnell Jen- 
nie, • secretary for Jno. Bunnell, Blairstown; Bait<^»w 
Isaiah, Hainesburg; Bartow John H., railroad engineer, 

AlinQEU/Q £i Nnl C ^^'^ Nortliuiiiptoii Si. Kt-'cp the Largest line 
AnUnLlI 06 nULr) of Snks and Dress Goods on E. Noitharaploa 



Blaiisrown ; Brands William C , Pjlairstowii ; Brands 
Nelson, ilaiiiHshuig ; Eiiniu'll James, K.. Biairstown; 
Biiiiiicll Joliii. tire and lil'e insurance agent, Biairs- 
town : Hriigler Charles S., printer, Biairstown; 
Brugler James C)., laborer, Mt. Herman; Bentz Jacob, 
)ii:i]l)K' dealei". Biairstown. 

Carfcr .loliii A., liorseslioer and general black- 
smith X. Jersey; Ciaig Robert Jr., merchant, N. Jer- 
sey; Cowell A, k., blacksmith, Walnut A'alley; Conklin 
Edward H. Jr., lime dealer, Biairstown; Conklin E.H., 
minister (»r the gosi)el, Biairstown: Cyphers Williams, 
Blaiistown; C'astner Jacob T., sawyei', Biairstown; 
Carter George, sawyei', Blaiistown ; 1 'sirler D. C, 
editor BJairfiion^i, Preax, Blaii'stoAvii ; Cornell Theo- 
dore P.. Paulina: Cook John; Biairstown ; Cook 
Elisiia, J)laiist(nvn : Cook Marshall, Biairstown); 
Cook Simecm, laborei'. Biairstown; Christian Myron, 
Blaii-stown : Crismaii Edgar, retired, Biairstown; Cris- 
man Morris. letirtHl. Biairstown ; Crisman (.^assius. re- 
tiivd. Jiiairstovvn ; Crisman Calvin, retired J^lairstown; 

lAIIRAPF'I^ Pa^tnii Pp ^i'1-^('Ial attention to silks and 

LilUDilbn t\, £i(lMUll; rd. DHKSS GOODS. NKW G()01)t> DAILY. 

(•rismaii Jjemuel, letired, Biairstown; Crisman Morris 
R.. laborer. Biairstown; Crismaii Marshall, laborer, 
P) : Crisman John 1. B.. Biairstown: (Jhase 
]>. L.. shoeniakor, Biairstown: Clifford B. R., 

l>'^cker Alex.. Biairstown ; Decker Geo., Biairstown; 
l)i\vrs Fannie, dressmaker, Biairstown; Divers John, 
Biairstown : Divei's Lizzie, dressmaker, Biairstown ; 
l^i'sikr I., 4 '..wheelwright, wagon ami c;irriage mann- 
iacturer. Biairstown; Davidson John, Hainesbura- ; 


Biairstown- New Jersey. 

Doiland (i. II., miller, Biairstown. 

Eldei l''red. \V., landloi'd. Blaiistown; Eivinc? Wil- 
liam, cooiier. Walnut \ alley; Ervine JosejJi J>., 
Ijeighter, Biairstown ; E«lmonds A." F., U. tS. mail 

Kor(X)Ugh«. Colds, Croui.aii'ipni/rpnnWn ^VDITD"' Wild 'cherry with hrpo- 
(»ikiiuinptloD UM SHIELDS'UUJlLrUUilU ul ilUi I'hospbatesof llmeHUdsoda 

me BEST GOODS for the LEAST MONEY at fl, M. nUillUrl W IldSlUll id. 


■ sgent. Paulina ; Edgeiton. James, town clerk. Blairs- 
r/jivn ; Edgeiton Byron C, liveryman, Blairstown. 

Firrh Eli, cabinet maker, Paulina ; Flunimerfelt .). 

K.. Mt. Hermon ; Flunimerfelt John \V., Mt. Hermon ; 

.Wrance James C.. laborer. Walnut Valley; Prance 

Abram, laborer. Walnut Vallej^ : France Ira, mason, 

Blairstown ; France Jacob, carpenter, Blairstown ; 

■Fireeman E. H., jeweler, Blairstown ; Freeman Aaron, 

:?aborer, Walnut Valley. 

Giiinu]) Alfred, Walnut.Yalley ; Cxo uglier (jrershom, 
"^Valnut \'aUey ; Gougher Marshal, laborer, Walnut 
Valley: Gougiier John H., laborer. Walnut V^alley; 
Crougii^'r James, Walnut Valley : Gougher Johnson, 

Mi^alnut Valley : Glass Reuben, cabinet maker. Wal- 
nut Valley : Garrison Philip, laborer, Mt. Hermon ; 

' Harrison Seth D.. laborer, Blairstown : Green Charles, 
Blairstown : Gibbs Isaac, Blairstown ; Gibbs iVbram, 
freiu'hter. Blairstown : Groover Martin, Blairstown. 

Hiles Lymon, Mount Hermon ; Huff Silas, laborer, 
M(junt Hermon : Hall John, laborer, Blairstown ; 

.tiiuMbllo. hdfilOll. Ifl. PET HOUSE. BARGAINS AL WHYS. 

Martman Andrew, laborer, Blairstown; Hartman Ira, 
Blairstown : Hull David, laborer. Blairstown : Howell 
^Villiam 'J., ticket and freight agent. Blairstown.; 
HowhH Margarette A., milliner. Blairstown : Harris 
.^jlias. clerk drug store. Blairstown : Healer James, 
laborer. Blairstown: Heater James R.. Blairstown; 
Heater Samuel S.. Blairstown; Heater Elias L., 
KnoAvlton: Heldemore 'Charles, sash and blind maker, 
Paulina: Hojigland Edward, Knowlton : Hill Isaac, 
Blairstown : Hill Alonzo, justice of the ])eace, Blairs- 


A £ull line of Gems' I'urnishlng Goods always in Sto<-k. Fine Slilrts. Lauudrled 
iad rnlaundriert. Underwear, Necktie;*, Collais. Cuffs, Silk Handkfi-fliipfs. an<l 
an fact everylbina in Gents' Furuichliigs. G1..v<b I'-r Winie.r and Suuhikt wi;ar 
-5,1 way-, in si(i;k TDhac'" and Cigiir-- ;i specialty. 

town : Hill James D.. justice of th^- pea<-e, Walnut 
Vary : Hill Aml'w, Bl"rst-n : Hill Jos. D.. Wal. Val'y ; 
Hill .1. Fletcher, i)aint,ei', Blaiistown ; Hill Abrani, 






Walnut Valley : Hill Alva B., Walnut Valley ; Hart- 
man David \V., Blairstown ; Hartnian Myron 0.^. 
butcher, l^lairstown : Hartman Theodore, clerk, Blairs- 
town ; Hiblei- Silas, Blairstown ; Hankinson BeldeiE^ 
H., mechanic, Paulina. 

Jones Joshua, Blairstown; Jones Charles F., Wal- 
nut Valley ; Jones William M., Blairstown; Johnsom 
John C, M. I)., Blairstown; Johnston SamueL 
carpenter, Blairstown; Johnston William L., black- 
smith, Blairstown; Johnson Alfred K., carpenter-;.. 
Blairstown ; Johnston Charles P., Paulina. 

Keyser Jacob, Blairstown; Kiikhoff Cornelius, Wal- 
nut Valley; Kirkhoff Ueoige B.. Wslnut Valley; 
Kinney James C, laborer, Blairstown ; Kinney Jesse^ 
laborer, Blairstown ; Kinney Bartley L., Blairstown ; 
Kishpaugli Nelson, Mount Hermon ; Kishpaugh Elmer 
W., Blairstown; Kishi)augh John, Blairstown; Kisb- 
paughl^aac, laborer, Blairstown ; Kishpaugh William 
K,, ex-teacher, Blairstown ; Koukle John, Blairstow^n:. 
Koukle Milton S., fancy stock dealers, Blairstown; 

I A I IRA n ||'CEAST0w7pA. Largest~Store,lLrarge8t 

IsffUUflUll w Assortments, and One ^rjce to A|| 

Koukle Lewis A., teacher, Blairslowii ; !\'iikle Anna 
M., fancy goods dealei', Blairstown; Kise Jacobs 
laborei-. Blairstown; Kise Emanuel, carpenter, Blairs- 
town ; Kentz Aaron, laborer, AValnut Valley ; Keepem 
Charles, merchant, Blairstown. 

Ijanterman Isaac 1).. Blairstown ; LantermanEdwani 
L., surveyoi-, Blairstown ; Lanterman Aaron J., Blairs- 
town : Lanterman Peter A,, proprietor of Cedar La k»r 
House, J^laiistown; Lanterman John P , Blairstown : 
Lantprman J. Clark, Blairstown; Lanterman CI in tor/' 
laborer, I>lairst()wn ; Kehnroth Chailes H., teacher ai 
Blair Hall, Blairstown ; Larue Bartley. Blairstown; 
Luse Jacob L., retired farmer, Blairstown ; Lewis t! 
L., Blaiistown ; Lanning Andrew, Mount HeiTuan; 
Lanning Klmer E., Mount Herman; liOgnn .lolin 
R., carpentf^r and })uilder, contracts taken foi- erectiuia 
of all kinds of buildings, BlairstoAvn; Lundy George, 
lat)orer, T^laiisfown ; Lance John, Walnut Valley; 
Ljince (ieorge M., Walnut Valley ; Lance Anthony, 
wheelwnght, Walnut N'ailey ; Lance Isaiah, carpenteiv 

''^"'J^^.svr^^^.r^'" Wades' HarilwieStofe, 

The BEST GOODS for the LEAST MONEY at 11, M, rlUulUrl U JjdolUll id, 


■Walnut Valley : Lance J. B., teacher, Walnut Valley ; 
LiuaV)eiy Philip, Blairstown ; Linabery Gershoni C., 
Blairstown; Linabery Josiah D., Walnut Valley; 
Linabery Samuel B., Walnut Valley ; Linabery Calvin 
•C, Walnut Valley; Linabery Hiram C, Blairstown; 
.Linabery Silas A., constable, Blairstown; Linabery 
-rfabez J., Blairstown ; Linabarj^ James H., Walnut 
Valley; Linaberv William L.. blacksmith, Blairs- 

Mann Marshall, laborer, Blairstown : Mann Horace, 
iabo]'er, Blairstown ; >Iaiiii JoNopli .tl., barber, etc., 
Blairstown ; Mann Charles, clerk, Blairstown ; Mackey 
Elias J.. Blairstown; Mackey Charles, Blairstown; 
Vlackey Marshall, cooper. Walnut Valley; Messier 
•Simeon, Blairstown ; Miller Conrad, President of Ban- 
gor Railroad Company, Blairstown; Maines Ralph, 
laborer, Blairstown ; Maines Jacob, carpenter, Blairs- 
town ; Metzgar John N., Blairstown; McGiiiness 
<xeorge. tailor, Blairstown ; McCarly James, laborer, 
J^lairstown ; Mc(Jona(!liy Samuel, miller, Blairstown ; 

i AIIIIAnU'Q ^'^^'^^^' ^^- CLOAKS and WRAPS of 
-kMUDMUn O every description. Our Own Manufacttipe. 

McConachy Clinton. Blairstown ; McConachy AVil- 
liamM., Blairstown; McConachy John C. Blairstown; 
Mitchel Robert. Blairstown ; Mingle Jacob, Paulina ; 
■McCain Jeremiah, Monnt Herman ; McCain Lewis, 
Mount Hermau; McCain Melvin C, blacksmith, 
rilairstown ; McCracken William, laborer, Blairstown ; 
McCracken John, painter. Blairstown : Merrick Peter, 
"^Valnut Valley; 5lerrick Jacob B., AValnut Valley; 
McCleary Robert, laborer, Knowlton ; Mullen James, 
baker. Blairstown. 

Opdyke John AV., gentleman. Blairstown. 

Perry George W., lawyer, Blaiistown ; Perry Wil- 
Jiani S., cairiage trimmer, Knowlton; Perry (George 
Jr., colporteur. Knowlton; Potter Samuel, laborer, 
Walnut Valley : Place J. M., milliight, Blairstown ; 
Pope Cliarles E.. cai-pentei-. Blairstown; Parr (xer- 
-shom. laborer. Walnut \';illey: Perry Mrs. S. D., 
summer boarding house. Knowlton; Pullis (xeorge, 
Walnut Valley; Pullis Read, undertakei- and cabinet 
Miaker, Blairstown; Pullis William M., laborer, Wal- 



Hif wnDn^nW wholesale and eetml dealer in hardwabe.stotd* 


nut Valley ; Painter John, miller, Blairstown ; Piersont 
John, tinsmith, Blairstown. 

Quick Benjamin, Blairstown. 

Raiib William C, })iitcher, Blairstown; Raub CslI- 
vin E., farmer and butcher,. Blairstown ; Kaub Alber*,. 
Blairstown; Raub P>astus V., Blairstown; Rusli^^i 
R. H., tinsmith, ]31airstown ; Reader David H., la- 
borer, Blairstown ; Reader Greo. F., Blairstown ; Read- 
er Alfred, Blairstown ; Robins George, shoemakeiv 
Blairstown ; Rice Robt. G., Blairstown ; Rhodes Pett-j-.. 
Hainesburg ; Rice iieo, C, clerk, Blairstown ; Rffi 
Lizzie, mantna maker, Blairstown ; Read Isaac F^ 
distiller and farmer, Blairstown ; Read John A., iu- 
borer, Blairstown. 

Snover Andrew N. , Blairstown ; Snover Emamifc-il,. 
Blairstow-n ; Sipley Melissa, milliner, Blairstown^ 
^^ipley John, cari)enter, Blairstown; Sly C. W., prop. 
Blairstown creamery, Blairstown; Strickland Cha*-;^' 
shoemaker, Blairstown; Swisher Abram, BlairstowB ;; 
Seigler Wm. R., printer, Blairstown; Seigler Isaat^^ 

I ATTPAPTT'^ Paotnii Pq f-'ii'gest slock of CARPETS, lowest pric-etsu 
LiiUDiiUIl Uj iJdblUll. id., JJestaUention always. 

laborer, Blairstown ; Sbotwell George M., laljorer,. 
Blairstown ; Shotwell John, laborer, Blairstown; Sho'!^- 
well James, laborer, Blairstown; Hmiili Fnio \Wf,.. 


JOHN I. BLAIR, Fo jndation. 

Both Sexes. Experienced 'J'earliers. En<ilisb, Latin, Gree^v 
?>ench, Oerrnan, Music, Drawing and Painting. Building- 
Refurnished; Wanned by Steam; Hot and Cold Wa- " 
ter on Eacli Floor; Latest Scientific Sanitary 
Arrangements; New Gymnasium; 
Large Play Grounds. 

Hc.urdiug, Tuition, P^urnished Room, Light, Fuel aa# 
"Woabing $225 a year, 

J. H. S3EIOB33VIua.lJdlI^, Ph- D-, Priw 

agent for Champion plows and Hench's walking am^. 
riding cultivators, Walnut Vallev ; Shuster Isaji^ 
Blairstown; Shuster Timothy, hostler, Blairstown,-: 

CLJTT7T T^Q» Compound Syrup of WUd Cherry with Hypopboataw 
w^l 1 IXw J_^ JL/O ot Lime and Gfeda. Sura cure for cougbB, croup, ««^ 

=^i:S^^^^^\!,f^rKyi^^^^^.. H. M. NORTON'S Easlou Pa. 


Savercool Robt., Walnnt Valley ; Silverthorn John, 
painter, Blairstown; Sliiprnan George, painter, Blairs- 
town ; Snyder Jeremiah, painter, Knowlton ; Snyder 
Paul G., retired, Knowlton ; Snyder Aaron, Knowl- 
ton ; Snyder Williatn, laborer, Knowlton; Snyder 
Robert M., Blairstown ; Snyder John F., Knowlton; 
Snyder Andrew W.. sash and blind maker, Paulina; 
Snyder Jas., laborer, Mt. Hermon; Stiff J. N., harness 
maker, Blairst'n; Smith Nathan S., Blairsto'n ; Smith 
Joshua, Walnut Vallny; Smith Charles C, Walnnt 
Valley; Slmiiiaker .8. ff., principal of Blair Hall, 
Blairstown; Smith Wm. J., Blairstown ; Smith Hen- 
ry K., Knowlton; Smith Coniad, Blairstown; Smith 
Wm. C, Knowlton; Smith Abram H., merchant, 
Blairstown; Smith Geo. W., laboier, Blairstown; 
Smith Franklin M., justice of peace, Blairstown; 
Smiih Jacob A., Blairstown; Smith Irvin W., prop'r 
(jf Willow Farm boarding house, Blairstown ; Smith 
Critendo7i, wheelwright. Blairstown ; Smith Theo. H., 
laborer, Blairstown ; Smith Abram L., Walnut Val'y ; 

I HiiHAr'll'Q ^^^^^^' PA. CLOAKS aurl WRAPS of 
&>Mll0MvBl O every descriptiou. Our Own Manufacture. 

Smith Lodor, laborer, Blairstown ; Smith Read, Blairs- 
town; Smith Jacob T., RR. fireman, Blairstown 
Shubert x\. A., dentist, Blairstown; Stout Gideon L.; 
sawyer. Walnut Valley; Swartz John W., laborer, 
Blairstown; Shanon Jas. H., prop. Evergreen Lake 
Farm, Knowlton; StoU Robt. S., merchant and col- 
lector. Blairstown; Sliker Caleb W., laborer, Blairs- 
town; Sliker David S., RR. engineer, Blairstown; 
Snover Geo. F., Blairstown;' Snover Lemuel, Blairs- 
town; Snover Elias J., Blairstown; Snover Wm. S., 
butcher, Blairstown ; Snover Marshall, RR fireman, 
Bl lirstown. 

Titus Andrew, laborer, Walnut Valley ; Titus Jos. 
F., laborer. Blairstown; Tinsman Wm., Knowlton; 
Teel Albert, Blairstown ; Teel Isaiah, laborer, Blairs- 
tOAvn; Tee] John D., Walnut Valley; Teel Andrew, 
Blairstown ; Teel Jordan, Blairstown ; Teets Adam, 
Blairstown; Teeter Philix), Walnut Valley; Teeter 
Jehill, Walnut Valley ; Teeter Isaac, Walnut Valley; 
Tit man Geo. W., carpenter^ Blairstown ; Titman Al- 

)lWnt?r!l(f<? 7. WftT r proprietors of the "DOWNTOWN" 
MUAuWa & liULi, Dry Goods House, 205 Northampton 

' Street, Easton, Pa- 


H. M, NORTON. ware stoves, heat ers and ranges. 

342 BLAIRSTOWNJ^mECTC^ ^ ~" . 

exander. Bhurstown ; 'ritmun Isaac R., Blairstown ; 
TirmaTi Simeon F., pa inter, Bhnrstcnvn ; Titmaii Ueu., 
farmer and dealer in lumber. Walnut Valley. 

Van^^crdeii Henrv, laborer, Blairstown; Vass Ma- 
thias, retired. Blairstown; Vanauken Reuben, Blairs- 
town; Vananken Pavid. laborer, Blairstown; Van- 
anken Reuben II., Blairstcwn; Vail C. E, secietary 
of Jolm 1. Blair, Blairstown; Vail John D., postmas- 
ter, Blairstown ; Vanscoten P. K., carpenter Blairs- 
town : Vanscoten Clias. W., st/me mason, \\ alnnt 
A'allev; Vanscoten Tliaddeus, Blairstown; Vanscoten 
John" A., mail carrier. Walnut Valley ; Vjjnscoten 
Owen P.. laborer, AValnnt Valley; A^ankirk W m'., 
Walnut A^allev; Vankirk Louis. Walnut Valley; 
A^aidxirk Jam^s, Walnut Valley ; Vankirk John Ast or, 
AValnui Vallev ; Vankirk Burns, laboi-er, Walnut 

Valley. " . -, T 

Warner James. Blairstown; A\ alters Andrew .).. 

Blairst<.wn: Wilson John S., Blairstown; Willson 

Walter, retired, Blairstown; WIIImhi .'»Bia<o» i S.. . 

T«TTTiAnTT'ci Unntn,, nn THE LAREST DHY GOOT->8 AN t) CAR- 

LAIIBACH'^^, MU. Pa. ww house, ba^igains a_lwa^;s. 
clothinu-, boots, shoes, hats, ' arid ft-fnts" furni hin:: 
<loods. Blaistown ; Willson Lemuel F. L.. Blairstown; 
Woodi-nfr James, laborer, Blairstown; AVintermute 
Isaac, carpente]-. Blairslown; West John, Blaiistown: 
West .Afathias, Blair.stown ; West Thomas D., Ml. 
[b'rnian ; AVest Jacob E., Blairstown ; Wildrick (leo. 
A., blacksmith. Blairstown; Wildrick AV. Pi e.ston. 
creamery emidoyee. Blairsl.own ; AVildiick Aan>n K., 
asses.sor'. Blairstown ; Wildrick Chas. C, laboier, 
Blairstown; Wildrirk John A., Blairstown ; Wild 
i-ick TTcnrv, <'ivam<^i-v employe, Blairstown; Wiid)ick 
i'ei-din:ni(i, P.laiistown ; Wildrick AVestiield .1., Blairs- 
town; AA^ildrick Isaac, auctioneer, Blairstown; AVild- 
rick AVarren IL. laborer, B\airstown; AVildrick Jacob 
B., l?i])orer. Blairstown ; Wildrick Kelsie, laboier, 
I*an1inn: AVildrick Mellie, fancy c-o'ods and dress- 
maknr. l>laiistown. 

Yettcr Andrew, merchant and lumbeideal^^r, Blairs- 
town ; YetferfTeoru-e, Blair.stown ; Youmans AA^illiam 
M., miller, Paulina; Yetler A. I'l-ais* <lry goods, 
;L'"vocerie<'', hoot'^, shoes, i^tc, Blairstown. 




(^,HIS township was formed Haidwick towusliip in 1848, and 
is one of the X. E. border township^;. It was named in lionor 

^ of Hon. Theodore Freliiighnysen. The township is about five 
and a lialf miles long and lour a and half wide, and covers anarea of 22.69 
S([uare miles or 14.o2l' acres, with a population of about 1100. It is 
bounded <m I lie N. and NE. by Hardwick township and Sussex county 
on the E. and SE. by Sussex county, and the townships of Allamuchy 
anl Irnlependence ; on the SW. by Hope and Blairstown, and on the 
N\V. l)y IJiairstown ana Hardwick. Paulin's Kill creek forms the 
boundary line between Hardwick and Frelinghuysen. 

The surface of tliis townsliip is very uneven, being co-i^ered with hills, 
hollows, and rocky knol)s. The Jenny Jump mountains run along the 
South Ha lern border, '• X ouiit Kascal," is a lofty limestone knob, near 
the village of Johnsonsburg, covered with evergreens and scrub-oaks : it 
is stud ii) be .1 resort for Sunday card players, hence the name. The 
NortluM'^iern portion of the township is drained by the several small 
tributaries of ihe Paulin's Kill, Bear creek and its tributaries drain the 
Southeastern coi'iier, and Trout Brook the Southwrestern. There are 
several small a..d beautiful lakes or "ponds," as they are called, sprinkled 
throughout the townsliip, generally bearing the name of the individual 
who owns or lias at some time owned the land upon which they are 

This towushi|) w^as first settled by Gej-man pioneers, at a very early 
date — long before Warren county was thouglit of — whose love for free- 
dom and religious liberty led them into this section of country, when it 
was lull, a howling wilderness, in search of a home wliere they might 
enjov lieed(jm of thouglit, and act according to the dictates of their own 
cou cience witliout iear of molestation from any one. Among 
early pioneers was Dr. Samuel Kennedy, who located at John.sonsburg, 
and was the first practicing physician of a fixed location in all this section 
of country. His practice extended so tar over the comitry that pro. 
fessional visits of twenty-five or tliirty miles were no uncommon event in 
his career. He was an able practitioner, and prepared a numlier of 
students for the medical profession. Drs. Linn and Everitt, who prac- 
ticed amf)ng later generations, were among the number who received 
their first medical instruction from Dr. Kennedy. 


The first voiinir jilace lor this township, of which we have knowledge 
was Hi Trenton, thou :i vilhigc of Hunterdon county, though of course, 
as in our day the voting place could Ijc appointed elsewiicre by vote of 
the people. 

Among the ancitnl land marks of this township are the " old lou" 
jail," and the 'Dark Moon tavern." On the 31st, of March 17.>1. a 
meeting of the Board of Justices and freeholders of the county, (then 
rmhraring both Sussex and Warren.) met at the house of Samuel Green, 
near the present site of Johnsonsbm'u, (the first body of the kind ever 
convened in the county.) and appointed a meeting of all the qnalilied 
persons of the county to be held at said Green's house on the 16th. liih 
and 18th day.'; of April. 1754, " to elect u place to build a jail and court- 
house." The meeting was accordingly held and the jail ordered to be 
built near Jonathan Pettit's tavern and the county to bear the expense . 
Jonathan Pettits tavern was located near what is now John- 
sonsburg. The jail was cheai)ly and poorly built, and very uusati^- 
faclorily served the purpose of a jail. During the nine years of iis 
existence as a jail the county became responsible, on account of I lie 
(liglit c(f imprisoned debtors to the amount of nearly £000 oi- ;d)out 
•S;i.(K.IO, which was etjual to about fourteen times the expense of buHding 
the jail. 

The courts were held at the liouse of Jonathan Pcltit, near tiic log 
jail. Irom Nov. 1753 to Fell. 17.-)(), when Newton was made the seat of 
holfling the coints. 

The " Dark Moon tavern" was located about 1,1 miles from the log 
jail, on the road to Green'ille, and was kept prior to and long after the 
Itevojulionary war. Its large, old fasinoned swinging sign had a black 
nioon painted on a white backgroiuid. which gave to it and Ihe surro\md- 
ing country the name of "Dark Moon tavern." Many stoiics and 
tiirilHng adventures are told of this tavern, which in its palmy days was 
the rendezvous of the most desperate characters for miles around. The 
three principal villages of Frclinglniysen are Johiisonsburg with a 
l>opidtttion of about 200 ; Marksboro, I.IO, and Paidina7o. Johnsonsburg 
)i!is a clirislian and M. E. churcli, ;iiid Presbyterian chapel, a .school 
Ji'iiise. grist mill, hotel, three stores, a cabinet shop, wheelwrights, 
fo'ipcrs, tinsmiths. blaeksn)ith, shoemakers, etc. 

Marksboro luid Paulina have each a school-house and grist mill; 
Mark-^boro a Prr'>>bylerian church, and Paulina a Presltytcrjan chapel. 
and a «>/ish and bliiul faclorv, with such other business iilaees as ar« 

# ' 

OHiMiioii In country villages Th(;re are in the township five .schools 
with a lol.'d of L»5'J children of sciiool age. 


Township Directory. 

All tiocation is not mentioned arefarr/bers. 

Allen J. v., Paulina; Allen Andrew, school teacher, 
Paulina ; Allen Jacob, school teacher, Paulina ; 
Armstrong George B., justice oi' the peace, Marks- 
boro ; Ayers Robert C, Johnsonsburg ; Albertson Jay, 
Hope; Albertson Isaac R., Hoj^e ; Albertson Edgar, 
Hope; Ackerson Walter, Johnsonsburg; Anthony 
Jesse, gentleman, Johnsonsburg. 

Barton E. S., tailor, Marksboro; Burt Rev. Robt. 
J., minister of gospel, Marksboro ; Ball Wm. H., tele- 
graph operator, Marksboro; Brown James H., blajck- 
smith, Marksboro ; Brown Ervin, blacksmith, Marks- 
boro; Bescherer John, Johnsonsburg; Boice Mrs. 
Mary, Hope ; Bartow Aaron, Hope ; Blair Robert, 
gentleman, Johnsonburg; Beegle Gershom, constable, 
Johnsonsbui'g : Ball Mrs. Mary, householder, Marks- 
boro ; Bartow William, tinsmith, xMarksboro. 

ClouseAlonzo, Johnsonsburg ; Clouse Jacob, laborer, 
Marksboro; Cook Alfred W., Marksboro; Cook 
Adrain L. , tinsmith, Marksboro ; Cool Edward, 
Creveling J. B. C, resident, Asbury ; Cruts Reuben 

TATTUAPU!^ rootnil Pq Largest stock of CARPETS, lowest prices. 
LAUDAUn 0, LdMUU. id., Bestattemion alwfiys. 

Marksboro ; Cook George Edwaid, Marksboro ; 
Cook Wintield, Moiksboro; Courseii J. H., Marksboro; 
Coursen Miss Emma, Marksboro ; Cooke Jacob, Pau- 
lina; Cook J. W. Marksboi'o ; Cook J. M., Marks- 
boro; Cook Marvin. Hope; Cook Aaion R., Johnsons- 
burg ; CookElmer, Hope ; Cook Albert L., Marks})oro; 
boro; Cook Richard P., Hope ; Cooke Z-ickery, Hope; 
Cooke Thomson T. , .Johnsonsburg; Cool Geo., Hope; 
Cook Mrs. Mary Y., housHholdei-, Marksboro; 
Cook Frederick, gentleman, .lohiisonsburg ; Cassidy 
Wm., Johnsonsburg; Dyer Joseph E., Johnsonsburg; 
Durling William, Sen., Joluisonsbuig ; Durling John, 
Johnsonsl^urg; Durling Joseph, liotel keepei', Johnsons- 
burg; DildineLydin Airs., lioiisHJjolder, Johnsfmsburg; 
Durling William Jr., scliool teacher, Johnsonsburg ; 
Dennis Lewis, gentleman^ Johnsonsburg. 

ANRRfW^ J2i Nnl F ^'^''^ NorlhamptoTi St. Keep tlie Largest Ihie 
MnUrlLlI U Ob nUU, of Silks and Dress (Joods on E. Northamptou 

. ili, rHJnlUJN, heaters and ranges. 



.l<)hM,s<)iisl)m;u' ; 


J()linsoii«})mi;- ; 

1 leiirv 

Howell Levi .1 . 


Hope; Howell 


Everitt Matliins, JNfjiiki-boir). 

Fisliei- Josepli. laboier, .loliiisousbui*^ ; Forsman 
Rev. R. B., minisler of gospel, Joliiisoiisburg. 

Gibbs George, hotel keei)ei', Marksboro ; Gibbs Wil- 
liam, clerk, Marksboro ; Gibbs Jereiuiiili, laborer, 
.lolinsoiisburg; Gi-ay George A., carpeiitei-, Jolmsons- 
burg; Guniiip Geo.', wheelwright, Marksboro; Giin- 
nij).Iohii, cabinetiiKiker, Marksboro. 

Hazen Nathan K., gentleman, Marksboro; Howell 
George, laboi<>r, Marksboro ; Plowell Harrison, labor- 
er, Marksboro; Hariis Geoi'ge, Marksboro; Huff 
Rali)h, Mai'ksbi»'o; Heater Geoi'ge, laborer, Marks- 
l)oi(»; Howell \ ancleve, Mhj'asIx'I' o ; Haiike G-o. W., 

AVilliaiii, justice of peace, 
Watson V.^ Jolmsonsburg ; 
Hope; Hoit Henry, miller, 
Hope; Hixson Levi, Hope; 
Hendei'siiot Jeremiah, laborer, Hox^e ; Hart John W., 
Johnsonsbmg ; Hart .los. \V., Jolmsonsburg ; Hai'i'is 
C O., Jolmsonsburg; Hibbler Albert, Jolmsonsburg; 
Hall John. Jolmsonsburg; Hibler George, J ohnsons- 

LMUDMUll (^viM-y description. Our Own Maiuifacture, 

luirg; Howell Lsaac, Jolmsonsburg; Howell Levi, 
JolinsoTisl)urg; HulV Charles, Marksboi-o ; Harden 
Samuel, millei-, Jolmsonsburg; Harden Elbiidge, mt^i"- 
chant, Johnsonsbuig ; Hazen Nathan, gentleman, 
Jolmsonsburg ; Haggei-ty Wm,, fruit grower, Paulina ; 
lleiideislioi lia, Maiksboro; Howell Frank, clerk, 

.lennings Soloman Marksboro; Jenninu's Rufiis, 
j\Iarksl)oro; Jennings Fred F., constable, Marksboro; 
.b)linson Mrs. Maria, householder, Marksboro. 

Kinney Aaron. Marksboio; Kishpaugh Lewis, 
.Joiinscjhsburg ; Kislii)augh James, Jolmsonsburg; 
Kishpaugh Senni, Jolms()nsl)U)'g; Kerr Ira, Marks- 
l)oro; KeiT \Vi!li;iiii, Maik-^boi-o ; Kerr Nathan, Marks- 
)>oro ; KtMi- Georg- P., Marksboro ; Ken- Isaac K., 
Marksboio; Keri' ('linlon, Alaiksboro; Kish})augh 
Miss Alneda. Paulina; Kettle Levi, Jolmsonsburg; 
Kerj- John, .Johnsonst)uig ; Kise Charles, Johnsons- 
bin-g; Keir Samuel. Maiksboi-o; Kise Jonas, Marks- 

""■■"" J^i;L£^l^SJ'"""""' Wades' Hariware Store. 

The BEST GOODS for the LEAST M0NEY at II. 111. nUlllUrl IJj LaSlUll. id' 


Lanning Isaiah, Marksboro ; Lewis Jolm P., gentle- 
man, Marksboio ; Lanning Milton R., tax colleGtor, 
Marksboro ; Lanning Cyrus, barber, Marksboro ; 
LaHomniidieu Job S., harne&smaker, Marksboro, 
Lanternian V^m. L. Jr., clerk, Marksboro; Luce 
Aaron. Marksboro ; Luce Jose[)li, Jolmsonsburg : 
Luce Henry, Paulina; Lundy Geoig-, Jolmsonsburg; 
Longcore Theodore. Jolmsonsburg ; Longcore Alonzo, 
Jolmsonsburg; Lemmons Jacob, gentleman, John- 
sonsburg ; I^ewis Charles, Jolmsonsburg; Lanning 
Levi, Jolmsonsburg; Luce Joseph B., gentleman, 
Jolmsonsburg ; Losey Nathan, laborer, Johnsonsburg ; 
Lundy Jacob, Johnsonsburg. 

Mot.t Austin P., laborer, Marksboro; Mingle John, 
gentleman, Marksboi'o ; Mayberry John C, postmas- 
ter and merchant, Marksboi'o ; Mott George W., 
Marksboro ; Mains Thomas, Johnsonsburg ; Minion 
Isaac, carpenter, Jolmsonsburg; Mitchell T., cheese - 
maker, Marksboro; MushbackMiss Saville,houseliolder 
Jolmsonsburg; Mushback Miss Maiy. householder, 
.rolmsongbnrg; Miller David, blacksmith, Johnsons- 


burg; Miller John, laborer, Johnsonsburg; Miller 
William, laborer, Johnsonsburg; McClane William, 
gentleman, Jolmsonsburg. 

O'Bi'ien Edward, blacksmith, Johnsonsburg. 

Potter Allanson. K. , cheesemaker, Marksboro; 
Potter W»-sley, chef-spmaker, Marksboro ; Potter & 
Co., proprietf)rs creamery. Marksboro. 
Ryman David, assessor and shoemaker, Johnsonsburg ; 
Ryman Jolm, blacksmith, Marksboro; Rice Edward, 
strawberry grf)WHr, Marksb(jro : Ribble Charles, 
miller. Hope; Ramsey Edward, farmer, Johnsons- 
burg; Ramsey Stewart, farmer, Johnsonsburg; Ror- 
back Piederick, ])hysician, Jolmsonsburg; Rose 
George, blacksmith, Johnsonsburg. 

Strayley Freeman. Johnson.sburg ; Savercool John, 
laborer, Marksboro; Savercool William, Marksboro; 
Savercool Lewis. Marksboro ; Savercool Frederick, 
Marksboro; Saverrool Fred., Johnsonsburg; Swisher 
J. W., cheesemaker, Mai-ksboi'o; Shuster Cliarles, 
carpentei-. Marksl»oro; Shuste)- Jacob, Pa'ulina ; Sulli- 



Hiinnmnii wholesale and ketail uealei; in haudwaue, stoves 



van Lester, laborer, Miuksboro ; Stont Joseph, Marks- 
l^oro : Stout Frank, Marksboio ; Sliaver .lolin, Jolm- 
sonsburg; Shaver William, Johnsonsburg; Smitli 
Oeorge. f'aulina ; Smith .lohu, Paulimi ; Smith Jacob, 
laborer, Paulina; Smith Marshall R., Marksboro ; 
Sharp O/ias. FToi)e; Stickles Pri(;e, Johnsonsburg; 
Stickles .John, .lohnsonsburg; StrK;kles Isaac, John- 
sonsburg; Stray ley Peter C, (carpenter, Johnsons- 
burg; Sharj) .losejJi, Marksboio ; Stillville John, 
Marksboro: Sidner Walter, laborei-, Johnsonsburg; 
Stockbowei- Abium. gentleman, Johnsonsburg; Still- 
well Isaac, gentleman, Johnssnsburg; Saveroool El- 
mer, Marksboio; Saver. 'ool Th- xlore, -Johnsonsburg. 

Titus ji(>l)ert B., laborei', Hope; Tillman John, 
blacksmith. Johnsonsburg. 

Yanhoin Jacob C, Marksboro; Vanhorn Wm. S. 
Jr., merchant, Marksboro; Vanhorn Wm. S. Sen., 
gentleman. John onsbing ; Vanhorn Gecu^ge, mer- 
chant, Johns()ns])urg ; Vought Wm., Marksboro; 
Vought Levi L., Marksboro; Vouglit Miss Harriet, 


householder, Mai'ksboro ; Vought Miss Kate, house- 
holdei'. Markslx.Kt ; Vought Miss Margaret, hoiise- 
Uolder, Maikshoro; Vliet Daniel, Hope; Vanauken 
Cole, .)ohnson.s])mg ; Vanhorn Edward M., Johnsons- 
buig; VanCJamp James v., Paulina; VanOampJohn, 
Paulina; Nandani]* Aaron, Paulina; VanCamj) Haivey 
Paulina; Vasl)in(lei John, johnsonsburg; A^asbinder 
Ehvood, Johnsonsburg; Vasbinder N. Davison, 
Johnsonsburg; V'anvoy Joseph, wheelwright, John- 
.sonsburg; \'oss Miss Electa, householdei", .lohnsons- 
Viurg; Vannes Peter, g-Mitleman, Johnsonsburg. 

VVildiick Kdw.iid, lailroader, Marksboro ; Wildrick 
Albert, Marksboro; Wildrick Ira, laboier, Hope; 
Wildiick Mark, laboier; Hope; Ward Nathan, 
carpenter. Joliiisonsbiirg ; Wai'd Andrew, house- 
painter. Jolinsonsbuig ; Watertield Thomas John, 
Johnsonsl)iirg; Wilson George, Johnsonsburg; 
We8tbro(jk Kelly, Johnsonsburg; WestJ)rook Isaac, 
Johnsonsburg; VVestbrook (Jharles. J ohnsonsJnirg ; 
Westbiook .John, .lohnsonshurg; Wintermute Mrs^ 
Mercy, houHeliolder, Johnsonsburg; Willet Isaac, 
gentleman, Johnsonsbuig ; Willet Thompson, gentle- 
man, .Johnsonsburg, Johnsonsburg. 

Youmans Esick, Johnsonsburg. 


■^— ^ 

( , ITTS township, Ihoiigh not among tlio latest settled in the county, 
can make but little claim to antiquity, being one ol the townships 
^ that was organize i in ].*^30. 

The act whicU ei'ectfMl Franklin an imlepemiant townsliip was ])assed 
Feb. lo. lS:!i», and is as follows : 

" Be li euucic.d by the Council and General Assembly of this State and 
it is hereby enacted by the authority oC the sunie. That all that part of 
the townships of Greenwich, Oxford and Mansfield, lying within the 
descriptions and boundaries following — to wit ; Beginning at a point in 
rtie centre of the Musconetcong creek, half a mile al)Ove the Hloomsbury 
bridge ; thenoe to a white oak tree on the north bank of Merrel's brook, 
one niile and a quarter above its junction with the Morris turnpike: 
thenci- to :i jioint where the Brass C'aslle stream crosses the Oxford and 
.N[anslield township line; thence to the point where the bridge crosses 
the Musconetcong creek, u(;ar the house of William Runkle ; thence 
down the middle of said stream to the place of beginning — shall be and 
hereby is setoff from the township of Greenwich. Oxford and Mans- 
tield, in the county of Warren, and made a separate township, to be 
called ami known l)y the name of the ' township of Franklin." 

" And he, it erMctsd, That the inhabitants of the township ot Franklin 
shall hold tiieir first annual township meeting at the inn now occupied 
by Benjamin (-'• McCUillough, in the village of Broadway, in tlie said 
township of Franklin, on the day appointed by law for holdin the 
annual township meetings in other townships in the county r)f Warren." 

FranWin is bounded on the northeast by .Washingt.jn townshij) ; on 
tjie soulhe:lsi by tiie townshij) of Bethlehem in Hunterdon comity ; on 
the 11 )rihwesl by Har.uony, anp on the sou4hwest b}' Greenwhich. - 

The Musconetcong river runs along its entire eastern border, sep.arat- 
ing it fi'oni Hunterdon county, and the Pohatcong mountains traverse 
its entire (!xtent from the northeast to .southwest. 

■ . It embraces an area of 4| miles square, or 13,021 acres, most of which 
is tillable land. It has a population of about sixteen hundred 

The Morris and Essex division of the Delaware, Lackawanna aud 
West(;rn railroad i asses through the township. There is a .station at 
Broadway. The Central Railroad of New Jersey has a station at As- 


bury, in tlic raslcrn |)arl of tlic lowiisliip, near the Huiileidoii county 
line. Tlie ]\Iuiris Canal traverses the northern portion ot the township. 

The soil of the township is principally clay, with a mixture of gravel. 
Scarcely any saud is found within its borders. In the southern portion 
there is a ridire ol slate about one and a half miles in e.xtent. The soi 
is fertile and well adapted to the raising of most grains. 

Tlie grain in Franklin townshij) is usually good, large and prolific 
crops being annually gathered. The surface of the township is undulat- 
ing, exhiiiiting to the traveler alternate elevations and depres.sions. 

Fraidilin township has three villages within its limits, viz : Asbury, 
broadway and New Village. Asluuy derived its name from Bishop 
Asbir}', who in ISOO iaiil the corner stone of the Methodist Episcopa 
(."hurch. It was known previously as Halls .Mill. The church that was 
erected in IHUO was simple in constrncticni, and but- 28x;^0 feet in 
dimensions. A new building was erected in 1842, and dedicated during 
December of that vear. Tlu' Bloomsburv churcii was connected with 
lh(! Asbury charge until ISoS. when it became a .separate organization. 

The First Presbyterian ChuK h of .V^bury was erected and dedicated to 
God Se|)t. 23, 18(»!). It is a neat brick structure, capable of .seating 
400 person.-. It was built at a cost of about $1S,()00 aiul is free from 
debt. liii/. dway is a quiet little hamlet containing two stores, a hotel, 
a schooi h" .-;e and a Methodist Episcoi)al cnuireh. The church edifice 
Was erecteil . i 1S42. New Village, located ui)on the Morris ('anal, is & 
gmall tollecti n ol houses, with but little pretensions to business enter- 
piise. There are six .school districts in the township, and 3!tl .scholars. 




Fine Boots and Shoes 

Washington Ave., WASHINGTON, N. J. 

The "^Vashington Review, 

Tlic Lar<;cst, Clieapest aud Best Paper 
iiiW'aiieii eouiity. $1.00 a Year. 


Township Directory. 

All lohose mcatloii is not 'mentioned are farmers. 

Allslionse Wm., New Village; Apg-ar Janips G., 
Bloomsbury ; Apgar Charles, Blo<)nisbniy ; Aiidros 
Wni., laborer, New Village; Albrighr (leo. P , .school 
teacher, Bloomsbury ; Axford John C. Broadway. 

Bowman John ,L. , Broadway; Bowers M. B., mer- 
chant, Broadwa}^ ; Baylor John S.. Bioadway ; Boav 
man N. L., Broadway; Brink John C, Broadway; 
Bodine Henry, Broadway; Beers John, New Village; 
Beers Elijah, New Village; Berry William, retired, 
Asbury ; Berry Harvey, laborer, Asbury ; Bodine 
Robert, New Village ; Bntler David, Broadway.; Burd 
David, Montana ; Burd Philip, Montana ; Beers David, 
Asbury; Baylor Wm. A,, Broadway; Britton John 
V.,Asbnry; Baylor James B., laborer, Asbury; Boaz 
William, gardener, Asbury ; Bowers James S., Asburv; 
Bennett Isaac, retired, Asbury ; Biulow Henry M , 


LMUDMUII O every (1pscn|>tion. Our Own ManufacUire. 

merchant, Asbury; Burd Christopher, Broadway; 
Bryan C H., Broadway; Baylor Samuel, BroadAvay ; 
Baylor Geo. P., Broadway; Bowman David, railroad 
ticket agent, Broadway ; Baylor, (leo. AV., laborer, 
Broadway; Butler Henry E., merchant, Broadway; 
Brittan Wm., laborer, Broadway; Biitfan Stewart. 
Broadway ; Bowers J. C. Broadway. 

Carling W^ra., hotel-keeper, New Village; (.'risman 
Levi, miller, Stewartsville ; Conkling William H., 



Gives instructions in music on Piano or Or<;iui. Pupils attended at 
tlieir own re.sidence, or at his liomc. and suc- 
cessful exporience. Terms moderate. 

Broadway; Cruts John, laborer, Broadway; Crnts 
William, laborer, Broadway; Cline John W., New 
Village ; Cline Holloway II., New Village ; Cook Geo. 
B, boatman. New Village; Cook Sylvanus, broom 
maker, New Village; Creveling E. N. L. , Asbury; 

ANRDEW^ % Nfll F The correct Place to Buy SILKSaml MOUP.NINO 

HliUnCit Ob HULri goods. 205 Northampton st, easton, pa. 




Prevelinfr. J- R. C, resident. Asbnry ; Ornts. Kpiiben 
H... laboivr. Broadway : Ciirlis, Ziba IT., l)arterjder, 
Asbnry: Cnnmiins, .lOlin W., Asbnry; Carb'ng, Jos., 
whenlwriglit, Asbnry; Gliaml)Hrlain, Walter, olergy- 
?nan, .\slinry : Conipton. Johnston, Asbnry; Conip- 
ton. ^billion, Asbnry; Congle, Lewis C, tefirher, 
Broadway ; Creveling, Get)]'ge, laborer, Asbnry ; Car- 
penter, Chas. E.., retired gentleman, Asbnry; Cook, 
l^liilipi laborer, Broadway; Cnsliitian. Samnel S., 
New A'illagp; Crevf^ling. P. (t., physician, Bioadway; 
Crnts, .bjhn !>.. laborer, Montana ; Conover, Jacob-, 
New Village; Conover, John B. New Village; Cono- 
ver, James IM., New Yiliage ; Creveling, Isaac C, As- 
Itiii-y; (^owell, Benjamin, laborer, Asbniy; Cowejl. 
Will.. Broadway; Cai'hart, Saninel, Stewarfsville ; 
('aihart, Elmer E., Stewartsville. 

Ditmer, Christo))lier, New Village; l^rake, Elmer 
E.Broadway; Dalrymple. John M., ,New A^illage ; 
Dalryniple, Peter, New Village; Dngan. .lames, boai- 
man. Broadway; Ditmei'. Fredeiick. shoemakei. Nvav 


LfiLlDAljno. bclMOIi. ra. im:t house, bargains always. 

\'illage; Ditmer. .lames. New Village; Deiemer, Jas. 
P-, car|><-iitei-, New Village; Daly, James, boatman, 
New \'illage; Dnckworth. Gordon E., laborer, Asbn- 
ry; Deieniei'. Abram, lalxner. New A'^illage ; Dehart, 
Isaac 11., drovei'. Asbnry; Dehart, Isaac, drover. As- 
bnry; Dalryiiiiilf\ Tlios'. . I. . l)lacksniith. Asbnry ; De- 
)»-iiiei-. Pliilii). lahorei', Bro;idway; Dagan, AV.. 1)oaf- 
niaii, Broadway ; Davis. Wni. Stewartsville : Davie, 
Geo. A. Stewaifsville. 

\Vhi>l>-',:ilr :iiiil ICi-l:ill Iti-iili-i-s in 

t rc.Tde building, opposite P- O- WASHINGTON, N- J. 

W<- iimli^ HH)ic<-|ali.v oi lliK! Ti'iiH (ind (.'oiToi'8, auil If ynii can lie pleasi^il /iny* 
Wltun' 111 \Vnxlilii«l<in <>\\ tlioHO nrllric'', we cmi ilo It. AHkinilM of Irull lt< so.isoii- 
)T-.-^ iiH cln'iili HH liny where <>l«o, luj we will iiol. bo uivlorsolil. (Mil on lis. 

i":\ei-1y .b)hn, Broadway ; Emery William, drover, 
Ashnry; Emory .loliii, laborer, Asbni-y; Egbe.rt|Rich- 
ni »ud, New Village. 

Kilts Anilrew, Asbnry; Frey (reo. , Ne^w A'illage; 
l'o\ >raliloii. \'alley ; Fox Petei". Valley ; *Fox Lewis, 


Mammoth Bazaar. 

Crevelintr & Co., dealers in drv 
goods, groceries', hardware, boots and 
shoes, hats'and caps, oils and paints, 
stoves and ranges, carpets, oil cloths, 
riii^s, tuiware, stents underwear and 

Clothing and Liiiniber, 

And all kinds of building material, 
crockery, glassware, wall paper, wood 
and willow ware, trunks, silverware, 
clocks and watches, jewelry, cloaks, 
stationery, carriages, sole leather, eye 
glasses, lamps, chimneys, medicines, 
perfumes, and m fact everything need- 
ful tor man or beast. 

Special attention is called to their 


Buildmg nearly 200 feet deep ; four 

floors. Come and see what we have 
for sale. 

Creveling St Co,y 

Washington, N. J. 

. ill. llUlllUn HEATERS AND RANCtES. 


drover, Asbiiry ; Francis Alex, laborer, New Village; 
Fitts Daniel, Bioadway. 

Gardner Georcrf, locktender, Stewartsville ; Gianer 
John, nmil carrier. New Village; Gale Alfred, l)hysi- 
cian, Asbiiry ; Groff Sylvester,^ laborer. Broadway. 

Hunt John, laborer. New Village ; Hunt John W., 
laborer. New Village ; Hazard Edward, Asbury ; Hul- 
shizer Wni. S., Bloomsbury : Hulshizer Fug»-ne, 
Bloomsbury ; Hummt-r Andrew, laborer. New Village ; 
Hulshizer Wm. K., Asbury; Harley Wm. C. laborer, 
Asbury; Hiner George, Asbury; Hevenev Henrj'^ K., 
saloon keeper, Asbury ; Hulshizer Wm. K., Asbnary ; 
Hoagland John, hotel kee})er, Asbury; Hazard Chas., 
farmer and drover, Asbury ; Hoffman Geo W., As- 
bury; Hulshizer Thomas L., Asbury : Hoffman. I. M., 
miller, Asbury; Hummer John C.. harnessmaker, 
Broadway : Housel Jacob S.. laborer, Broadway ; 
Hummer Mahkm Oscar, laborer. Broadway ; Hull 
Isaac P., blacksmith. Broadway ; Hummei- Mahlon, 
Broadway; Hoft'man Wm., Asbnry ; Hevenej- Wm., 

T A IIP A PU'^ rnptnn Do LiUffesl stock of CARPETS, lowest prices. 
iiilUDilUfl 0. LdMUll, id., Best attention always. 

butcher, Asbury; Hixon AndrcAv C. Broadway; 
Hiner Wm.. Asbury; Hiner Phil!]). Asl)ury ; Hixon 
Andrew. Broadway; Housel John Y., laborer. 
way; Hoff" Aaron, laborer, Stn-wartsville ; Hoff" (tec, 
laborer, Stewartsville ; Hawk .loseyth H., laborer, 
Stewartsville ; Hazlett Gef)rge M., clergyman. Asbury ; 
Hull .losepli S.-. New Village. 

Insf'hr). Wm. ?\ laborer, Asbury: Inscho. James, 
shoemaker. Broadway ; Inscho. John, laborer. Broad- 
wax- : Inscho. AVm., laborer, Broadway. 

~ "TC* JBTJTri3X1.3S C^DB' :F»TJIT.3XriTXTI=l.E~ 

'riif i)i((|iiict(ii- of tlic loiiK-ostiililiKhed rittcn^er Stiiiul on Wusliinnton Avr., 
I'l'low tliir St. (Iloiid Hotel, bPKi^ Icavo to call your .ittention to \un New Stock of 
Kiiriiiture and Matfiial. liiiys at lowcHt casli pricoK, inns linsinesH at small t'X- 
|>enHo, tlmn trivinf,' cvitv advantafro to tlio ])nrcliasei'. Sole agent lor the t>e>t 
wovfu wire licit in thf market. Lf)okinK Olasscs, Cpliolstered Patent Caqiet 
Iloc'kers. ft(!.. etc. lU-pairing. I'jjliolsterinf,', and caning cliairF, ncatlv done. 
(;o<k1h delivered at reasonable distances. D.\NIEL PITTENGER. 
WaHtiingtoD, New Jersey. 

Johnson. Jacob A. carpenter, Asbury; Johnston, 
.Mahlon, wheel \v ri ah r, As])ury, 

Kries, Samuel, Alontana ; Kinney, Wm., New Vil- 
lage; Kiikwood, Thomas J., bo-itman, Broadway; 

OT_T T T7 T T^O* Conipoiinil Syrup of Wild Clierry with Hypopbosttea 
on. 1 I_<jL/J_yO ff Lime ami Soila. Sure euro for cougliB, croup, etc. 


The BEST GOODS torthe LEAST M0NEY at fl, Mi nUHiUJl Oj JjdtilUil. fd- 


Kimiey, Jacob, New Village ; Kinney, Albert, New 
Village; Kinney. Daniel, New Village; Kinney, 
Ja<H)b" Jr., New Village; Kinney, Jesse, Asbury ; 
Kishlin^. Henry, Asbury; Krinio, Peter, Asbury; 
Keefe, Frank, shoemaker, Asbury ; Kinney Tunis, 
boatman, Broadway ; Kinney, James C, laborer, New 
Village; Kinney, Stewart A., laborer. New Village. 

Low, Js Jin, boatman, New Village; Locklin, John 
O;, New V^illage; Lewis. Jos. B., laborer, Broadway; 
Lomerson, James, Broadway ; Lightcap. L. C. under- 
taker, Asbury ; Lewis, Peter, boatman, Broadway ; 
Lockwood. R. B., clergyman, Broadway; Lewis C., 
laborer, Broadway ; Lewis, Josiah, boatman, Broad- 
way ; Lomerson, Wm. M. Broadway ; Lomerson, Jas., 

Metier, L. L., New Village ; Mclllroy, James, la- 
borer. New Village; Myers, Wm. B., New Village; 
Magiiire, Peter, laborer, Broadway ; Maguire, Frank, 
laborer, Broadway ; Mullen, Wm. boatman, Broad- 
way ; Mclllroy, John P., churn maker, New Village ; 


LAuDAln 0. haSlOU. id. pet house, bargains always. 

Mason, Wm. A., laborer, Broadway ; Myers, William, 
New Village; Muchler, John, canal overseer, Broad- 
way ; Magee, Geo. F., boatman, Broadway ; Much- 
more, David B., merchant, Broadway ; Myers, Dan'l, 
laborer, Broadway ; Moore, John, Asbury ; Moore, 
Casper, Asl)ury ; Moore, Geo. , Asbury ; Muchler, W. 
R. Asbury ; Mulligan, Alex., laborer, Asbury ; Mc- 
Kinney, John, Broadway. 

Civil and Criminal Law Practitioner. 
Notary Public. Master in Chancery. 

Washington Ave- WASHINGTON, N. J. 

iNewKirk, Henry C, merchant, Broadway ; Nelson, 
John, laborer, Broadway ; Nelson, Simon, laborer, 

Osmun, Samuel, New Village; Osmun, John D., 
Asbury; Osmun, Frank H., retired, Asbury ; Osborn, 
Archibald, drover, Asbury ; Osmun, Peter, Asbury ; 

ANnRPU/^ £ Uni F 205 Northampton St., Easton, Pa. Sell th^ 
AnUnLlf Ob llULr, best Black and Colored Silks. Guaranteed. 

u u \innfiin\T wholesale and retail dealer in hardwarr, stoves 
ri. M. WUniUJN. heaters and ranges. . . 

;ir,t; F liANKLIN TOWN SHir. 

Osmnn, (reo. C, Asbriry; Osmim, John, Asbury; 
Ol)erlv, Johti F., Asbiiry"; Osniuii, Daniel, Asbury. 

PurselK Wm., New Village; Pinkner, Andrew, la- 
borer. Hroadway; Prower, G., laborer, New Village ; 
Pi(»wei\ Elmer, 'laborer. New Village ; Proctor, Clias., 
laborer, Asbury; Parker, Stew art, Bloonisbury ; Tet- 
vt, Jereniiali. New Village ; Petty. .James, New ViL 
lage; Petty, John, New Village; Pnrcell, David, 
New Vill^ige; Parker, Jos- A., Broadway. 

Rush Abrain, New Nilhige; l^ish .hiines !>., New 
Village; Rush Asa K., Montana; Hinehart John R., 
Montana; Heed Jeiemiali, lalx^'er, New Village; 
liichey Samuel S., Asbuiy ; llich<-y Robert K., i-etired 
nieichant, Asl)ury ; Podenbaugh John, retired farme]-, 
Asbuiy; HiclM\v ('lias. W'.. citizen, Asbuiy ; Riddle 
David'(J., cai'pe'nter, Hioadway ; Rush . I acoh, laborer, 
Rym<»nd A. .1., haniessinakei . Bi-oadway; Roden- 
baugh Lee. Asbury ; llodenbaugh (Teo., Asl>iiry ; 
Rauch Williaui, laboi-er, Asbury ; Riddle Johnston 
P., Asbury. 

rillinAniJ^QEASTON, PA. Largest Store, Largest 

LAUDHUn O Assortments, and One ^ rjce tO All 

S.-hooley All)ert, Stewartsville ; Smith James R, 
di'ovei', Asbury ; Smitli R<uiben, laborer. New Village ; 
Sickle Saiuupl, w lieelwiight. New \'illage; Snyder 
Pliilip, lalxupj, l>i<>a<lway ; Seltold (lilhert P»., laboivr, 
Asbury; Stiyder Wm. L., dealei', l^ioadwiy; Slack 
(Mias. A., l»loomsl)ury ; S[)encei' .loliii, laborer, As- 
bury ; StolV J(»SHj)li, liloomsbury ; Smith Mathias, 
lesidenl, Xtnv X'illagc; Snyder Andiew, hack driver 


HiiiK""!" Ill IJo.N H iiii'l I' llilli'ii s, iiH well 118 .Mei)'« ami ^«lllll«' (llollijiig. 
Tlie liili.'Ml rtlyli'M of llalM, I'll-., Hi way.H In Mlm-k. 'I'lii- laical iii.\ cliioH In Nfrfewt'iir 
ijli'. Si'll ;!•< i-lir:i|) (i« V'lii can li\i y iin yw)iiit» \V c won't In ^ Minlpi'^nl'l. 

and mail caiiiei-, Asluiiy; Slater W. K.. d(\nlei' in 
auriculluial imjdements, .\sbury ; Smith Wm., C^^ 
driver, Asl)iii\ ; Smilli Tlieodoiv J., drover, Asbury; 
Smiili .lames, blacksuiitli, Npw \'illage; Suiith Lewi's 
P».. drovt-r, Asbury ; SliipTuan .lames, Asbuiy ; Sluoj e 
Clirislo|iliei', letired laiiut^r, Asbuiy ; Simeton W . 

ALL KINDS OF HARnWARE^^t Wale Bros . Hac^.tatowu N. j. 

The BEST GOODS tor the LEAST M0NET at fl. lUi nUlllUn Oj IJdalUll. fd- 


M.. A-^hury ; Snyder Jasper, Broadway ; Soadden An- 
drrfw, laborer, Asbiiry; Sigler Peter H., Asbury ; 
Stout Samuel S., drummer, Asbury; Stout James, 
gentleinau, Broadway; Snyder William, laborer, 
Broa Iwiy ; Snyder William, peddler, Broadway ; 
Snyd -r Edward, laborer, Broadway ; Strunk Frank, 
laborer, Broadway; Stocker Geo., miller, Broadway, 
Snyder Samuel, laborer, Broadway; Snyder Chas., 
Broadway; Snyder Geo., Broadway; Sickle Peter, 
W.isliinafton ; Smith Franklin P., Broadway; Stutes 
Aaron H., clerk, Broadway; Suyder John H., Broad- 
way ; Shuits Wm., Asbury; Shurts John, Asbury ; 
Shipman Wm. W., Broadway ; Shipman James, As- 
bury ; Shipman Abraham, Broadway ; Shipman Wm., 
Jr.. Bro:id way; Silmon John, blacksmith. New Vill- 
age ; Smith Leonard, New Village ; Schooley James, 
Stewartsville; Smith Isaac C, Asbury; Smith John 
C, Asbury; Shaw Job J., resident, Asbury; Shaw 
^iMiik W., clerk, Asbury. 

I A IID A PU'C^ASTON, PA. Largest Store, Largest 

LMIfDimn O Assortments, and One ^ rice tO All 

That(-her Stephen, laborer. New Village ; Thatcher 
Thomas T., merchant. New Village; Thompson Wm. 
H., drummer, Asbury; Tichelor Thomas, Asbury; 
That(;her Geo,, Stewartsville ; Terriberry A. M., mer- 
chant, Asbury. 

Vliet James, surveyor. New Village; Vliet Garret 
L., Valley Postoffice; Vanderbilt Franklin B., 
laborer, Asbury; Vliet I) . L., drover, Asbury; Van- 

natta, Geo., New Village; Vanderbilt, J. B., laborer, 

(— •— i i^=-i ^ 

For DrunkenesS' Destroys all ilesiie ror Strong Drink, saves thousands 
of DoUar.-i, is laetelcsa in Tea or Coffee. Try it and be convinced. Forwarded 
free by mail to all parts of the Unlied States. Enclose One Dollar. Address 

131 Northampton Street. EASTON, PA. 

Pure Drugs and Meiliclnes, Chemicals, Paluta, etc., always In Stock. 

Osbury ; Vanderbilt, W. S., teamster, Asbury; Van- 
derbilt, Peter, laborer, Asbury ; Vliet, Wm. assessor, 
Asbury; Vliet, Jacob M., Asbury ; Voorhees, C, E., 
Asbury; Vliet, David V.. Stewartsville ; 'Vliet, Wm. 
M., laborer, Stewartsville ;Vliet, Marshall, New Village. 

AlinDEU/Q 9m lini F 205 Northampton St., Easton, Pa. Sell the 
AnUnLff Ob RULli best Black and Colored Silks. Guaranteed. 

. nfl. nUn I Uni, Hardware, Stoves and Housefurnishing 


Woodruff, Wm.. laborer, New Village; Wolver- 
ton. Moses, Broadway; Weller, Peter, B., Broadway; 
Winters, Daniel L, laborer. New Village; Willever, 
John P., laborei-. New V^iUage; Willever, JoseX)h A., 
Asbni-y ; Willever. Peter, New Village; Willever, 
Irwin, Broadway ; Willever, John J., Asbury ; Wil- 
lever, John S., laborer, Asbiiry; Willever, Theodore, 
Asbury ; Willever, John A,, retired, Asbury ; Wille- 
ver, Daniel, mason. Broadway; Willever, Joseph, 
hotel keeper, Broadway ; Warne, Elijah, Asbury ; 
Warman, Thomas, Bi-oadvvay ; Warman, Samuel, la 
borer, Broadway; Warne, Adam Ct., Broadway; 
Weller, Garner, New Nillage; Warman, Simon. Stew- 
artsville ; Warman, John C, Stewartsville ; Warman 
Gho., Stewartsville; Warman, Peter, Stewartsville; 
Warman, Chas. F. Stewartsville; Warman, Samuel 
S., Stewartsville; Welsh, S. A., pliysician. Asbury; 
Warne, Nichodemus, Broadway ; Wise, Wm., labor- 
er, Stewartsville ; Williamson. C. M,, Valley ; Wil- 
liamson, Daniel, Valley ; Wolverton, Isaac, Asbury ; 


LAUDiibn 0, jJdMUU; ra. dress goods, new goods daily. 

Wolverton, John C., Broadway ;Wolvei't.on,AV. specu- 
altor, Broadway; Wyckod', Nfartin, lawyer, Asbury; 
Wat.son, Wm. II., meichant, Asbury; Weller, Jc»k, 

Mauufariiirfr .'iu<l Wlii>l<-8iili' imil Htiiail Dealer in 

Fine Havana and Domestic Cigars, . 



A Fine Line of Meerschaum »nd Briar Pipes amd Smokers' Articles. 

No. 22 Union Square. Under Lee House. 

Hroadway; Woodruff, Jos. J., lahorer. Broadway; 
Weller, IJeiijaiiiiii. ihijadway ; Wvdner, jMilton, New 


SHlELItS' Dvonnnfir* Pamo<1ir * "'""^ '>"'"*' ^o*" Dyapepsia, Sick or 
I2i>'ALLihl.K XijSpupilL XVUllluUyi Mervuus UeaUaclie. quara&Ued. 




REENWICHlownsr.ipwas originally one of the four civil divisions 
f^ J of Sussex county, and was until very recently the most southerly 
^-^ of the township of Warren. When first torraedit compiiseda 
vast extent of territory, but has been reducicd from time to time until at 
present it i-* comparatively small, liavinii; a population of less than 1.2O0. 

Green^jrich is bounded on tlie north by l.opatcong, east by Franklin, 
south by Hilnterdon county and Pohaicong, west by Pohatcong. 

The township i-^ crossed by the Morris ik Essex Railroad, and the 
Morris Canal. The Lehigh Valley Kailroad also traverses the western 
portion. The surface of (ireenwich is undiilatinir, presenting a' great 
variety of scenery- port io s of which are very beautiful. The soil is 
generally fertile, mueli of it being a combination of limestone clay, and 
sand. Clay is mostly found in the central portion, with but little sand 
interspersed. This is the most productive section of the township. The 
principal occupation is farming, thousih mining intere.sts have begun to 
spring up in this portion of the county. The several lime-kilns, located 
here and there, add another item tot lie industries of the township. The 
tine water-power facilities have given rise lo manufncturing aiid milling 
intere.sts in vaiious ])oriion:~ of Gieenwich. t >nc nf ihe largest flour and 
feed mills of the county is located at Cooksville, about one mile from 

Perhaps the most interesting evidence (^f the antiquity ol this town- 
ship is the ancient burial place connected with the (Ireenwich Presby- 
terian Chuich, in which lie tiie remains of many settlers who came 
hither prior to the war of the Kevolution. Indeed it is a relic of Revo- 
lutionary times. The visitor who gazes upon the plain, ancient slabs 
that mark the final resting place of so many of our country's early 
settlers, cannot refrain from calling up in his imagination the dark days 
of old, and in his vision (here appeai'cd many a manly and heroic f(»rm 
whose sturdy, daring and ihithful adhi'rence to the principals of dul\-, 
have rendered Green .-ich the happy dwelling place of hundreds, and 
whose ashts now render sacred Cireeiiwich cemetery. Tliere are in the 
township some other burial places of less than ancient date. 


Stewartsville is the chief town of Greenwich. Il hfis a population of 
nearly (600)' six hundrerl or about one-half tho population of the entire 
t^ownship. There are in Stewartsville at present three stores, two hotels, 
of wiiich one is a temperance house, one tin shop, one wheelwright and 
blacksmith shop, two cariicnipr shops, two undertakers, one tailor shop, 
two justices of tho peace, two physicians and two minister; . A number 
of retired farmers have made this their |)lace of residence. 8tewartsvii;e 
has a public .school of two departinents, with a total enrollment of over" 
150 pupils, two churches in srood condition, Presbyterian and Lutheran, 
and a depot of the ^lorris & Esse.v Ivailroad. at which a good grain and 
coal trade is carried on. Besides the churches aheaily mentioned, is the 
M. E. Church of Pleasant Valley. 

Kennedysville and Still Valley have each a public school, making 
the total number of schools in tlic township o, \vith a total of 286 pupils. 

Cr, C JToungf M, X>, 

Physician and Surgeon. 


Stewartsville, N. J. 


Township Directory. 

All whose vocation is not mtidioited are farmers. 

Able John, laborer, Bloomsbiiry ; Apgar D. M., 
Bloomsbury ; Anderson Aaron, laliorer, Stewartsville. 

Beers Gfeo. P., Stewartsville ; Bero:er Reuben, labor- 
er, Stewartsville; Berger Hiram, litne burner, Stew- 
artsville ; Ben wood Henry, laborei'. Ste warts villt^ ; 
Bowers Chris., carpenter, Stewartsville; Barber J. K., 
g-^ntleman, Stewartsville; Benward (t. W., miller, 
Stewartsville; Boyer Sarah H., Stewartsville; Bigley 
Wm. . laborer, Bloomsburg; Brotzmaii Reuben. 
Bloomsbury; Banker Elizabeth, widow, Stewartsville. 

Cliiie Elizabeth D., householder, Stewarthvil> ; 
Cline E. F., school rea'-h-r, Stewartsville ; (Jline Cateb, 
Stewartsville; Cline Michael, Stewartsville; Cline E. 
A. .Stewartsville; Conover Le(mard, laborer. Stewarts- 
ville; Carling Wm., labojer. Stewartsville; Co( k P. 
<_'., Stewartsville ; Cook James, laborer, Stew rtsville: 


laffUDflWll O ^very de.scriptiOD. Our Own Manufacture, 

Cook Wm., agent, Stewartsville ; Carling John B., 
laborej-, Cooksville ; Carling Peter, carpenter. Cooks- 
viile; Carling Thomas, shoemaker, Stewartsville ; Cole 
George B., Cooksville; Cooper Henry, gentlemen, 
Stewartsville; Cyphers John H., huckster. SreAvarts 
ville; Carter C. S. Stewartsvilln i Carter J. W. Stew- 
artsville; Cieveling Wni. N., Bloomsbury; Creveling 
John W., lawyer, Bloomsbury; Creveling David, 

Curling Wm., school teacher, Stewartsville; Dilts 
Jas. E. laborer, Stewartsville; Deremer Moses, la- 
boi-er, Stewartsville ; Dalrymple Thompson, labover 
Stewartsville ; Dolan Thomas, laborer, Stewartsville ; 
Depue Shrader, laborer, Stewartsville ; Dehart Wm.. 
laborer, Bloomsbury; Deemer Fred., laborer. Blooms 
bury; Davis Daniel, Bloomsbury; Drake Clayton. 

Eichline Levi, laborer. Bloomsbury ; Ervin Peter, 
boatman, Stewartsville. 

Fritts John, gentleman, Stewartsville ; Frey Harry. 

AlinDCUUQ fi lini C ^^^^ correct P!ace to Buy SILKS and MOURNIXG 

• Ifl. llUn I Ull, Hardware, Stoves and Housefurnishing. 


stone cutter, Stewartsville ; Frey Honr.v L. Tomb 
and Ifloiiiiinenisil Works. J-^r^wm r^vill<^ : Fntman 
Abe., laborer, Stewavtsville; Fiiliuer A. •laekson^ 

«on. :tld*e., Stewartsville ; Fritts, Wm. D., Blooms- 


Gaston Jacob, Inborer, Cooksville; Garm«^r Wm.. 
boatman, Cooksville; Godfry Harry A. Cooksville; 
Godfry Charles H., Stewartsville. 

Tlnlshizer William F., plane tender, Stewartsville; 
HuLshi/er Oscar, brakeman, Stewartsville; Hnlsliizer 
P. F.. clerk, Stewartsville; Hnlsliizer Pt^ter F., 
])liysi(uan, Stewartsville; Hulshizer H. Fiunian, 
Stewartsville; Hulshizer Theodore, Stewartsville; 
Hnlsliizer A. carpenter, Stewartsville; Hulshizi r 
John H., Stewartsville ; Hulshizer James, Stewarts- 
ville; Hartung Philip C, Stewartsville; Harturig 
John, carpenter, Stewartsville; Hommadeine JaMHi, 
laborer. Stewartsville ; Heller Lewis, laborer, St^^wart^- 
villf-; Heller John, laborer. Stewartsville; HhIUi Abe, 
laborer. Stewartsville ; Holler Palmer, laborei'. Stew- 


LAUDAlno.MSIOll. ffl. PET house, bargains always. 

artsville ; Heller John Jr.. laborer. Stew arsville ; 
Holden James M., miller, Stewartsville; Hartzell 
Simon, laborer, Stewartsville ; Hance ,Tohn, Stewarts- 
ville ; Fiance Abiaham, Stevvaitsville ; Hance Robert, 
mnsicr teacher, Stewartsville; Hance Phili|», Blooms- 
buiy ; Hyndshaw John. SteAvartsville ; Hyndsliaw 
Thomas. Stewartsville; Hyndshaw Jame-«, Stewarts- 
ville; Housel Henry, hoise dealer, BlooinsVnn y ; 
Hean^ Howard, Bloomsbury ; Hess John, lab<»rer, 
Stewartsville; Heil Levi, Stewartsville; Ham'en John 
H, Stewai-tsville; Hamlen George E., Stewartsville; 
llein;lpy Frank, hiboi-er, Bloomsbury; Hyndshaw 
FJi/aheth, widow, Stewartsville. 

Insley George, Stewartsville; Inscho Theo. K., 
Blooriishiny ; Inscho Chai'lotte, widow, Stewartsville. 

.l«)hnson David, boatman, Cooksville. 

Kinney Andrew P., cari)enter, Stewartsville ; Kinney 
John W , Stewartsville ; Kase George W., Stewarts- 
ville; Kase A. 11., agent, Stewartsville; Kase Theo- 
dore, laborer, Stewartsville; Kase Philip S., com- 



NORTON'S Easton, Pa. 


mission "merchant, Stewartsville ; Kremer Charles, 
tin-smith, Stewartsville ; Kinkle Henry, tanner, Stew- 
arfsville; Kinkle Henry, laborer, Srewartsville; Ken 
nedy John F., Bloomsbury ; Kennedy Theodore F., 
Bloomshiiry; Kennedy R. H., Bloomsbury; Kennedy 
E. L. Mrs., widow, Bloomsbury; Kitchen Solomon 
W., Bloomsbury; Kinney Jacob Jr., carpenter, Stew- 

Loder William A., Stewartsville; Lambert Dewitt, 
lMb<n'ei-, Cooksville; Lantz Jessie, Stewartsville; 
Lant/. John, ♦Stewartsville; Lantz George, Stewarts- 
ville; Liintz Peter, Stewartsville; Lark Valentine, 
laborer, Siewartsville; Loudenberry Henry, laborer, 
Bloomsbury; Loudenberry David, Bloomsbury; 
Lamping John, carpenter, Stewartsville; Love James, 
carpenter, Stewartsville; Lanning John A., Blooms- 
bury; Lott A. H., laborer, Bloomsbury; Lake Jesse 
J., 'Bioomsbuiy ; Long Thomas S. Rev., pastor of 
Greenwich Presbyterian Church, Bloomsbury; Low 
Mary, housekeeper, Stewartsville. 


^|%mjff llH ^verj descL-iptiou. Our Own Manufacture, 

' Metz Arch C, Shimers; Metier Samuel B., inn kee- 
per, Shimers; Metier Hadoran, Shimers; Metier Wil- 
son, Shimeis; Maxwell Amos S., Bloomsbury ; Myers 
David, harness maker, Cooksville ; Melick Charles, 
laborer, Stewartsville ; Melick James, laborer, Stew- 
artsville ; Melick Abraham, laborer, Stewartsville ; 
Melick John H. inn keeper, Stewartsville; Mullen J. 
R., laborer, Stewartsville; Miers Sebastin, laborer, 
Springcown ; Mitchell Wm., laborer, Stewartsville; 
M<"Fern B. M., stone mason, Stewartsville; Mills 
John, laborer, Bloomsbury ; Mitchell Elmer, laborer, 
Stewartsville ; Martin Rachael, temperance house, 
Stewartsville; Mougel Enos, cari)enter, Stewartsville; 
>lai*tiii Wrix. Joseph. Temperance Hotel and 
Boarding House, Stewartsville. 

Opdyke William, Cooksville ; Oliver George, labor- 
er, Stewartsville ; Oberly Charles, Stewartsville ; Ob- 
erly, Wm., Stewartsville; Oberly Owen, Stewarts- 
ville; Oberly Mrs. Anna, widow, Stewartsville. 

Price John S. carpenter, Stewartsville ; Price Geo. 

AmJmavwm Q ^TaI^ 205NoitLamptoii St., Eastou, Pa. The re- 
AuCireWS ft INWil, liable HOUSE fur Moumiag Goods. 

. III. liUn I Uli, Hardware, Stoves and Housefurnishii g. 


T.. school teacher, Stewaitsville; Paulns Chas., Stew- 

Ruple Jos. P\, wheelwrit^ht, tShimers ; Raub Bar- 
Tier. Srewarrsville ; Riigg Charles H., laborer, Spriag- 
towii ; Rugg Arthur B., laborer. Springtown; Ruhh 
Wm. C, Springtown ; Raisner Joshua, laboier. Stew 
artsville ; Rush Wm. J., Stewartsville ; Rush Caleb, 
Stewartsville ; Rush Mary Ann, widow, Slewartsville; 
Rush Radiael, Stewartsville. 

Stifr Andrew B., riiiller. Bloomsbiiry ; Shipiiian 
Isaac, Bl()orusl)ury ; Shipnian Wm., physician, Shi- 
mers; Shipuuin Sharps, Stewartsville; Shipma 
Peter, Stewartsville; Shipman Wm.. Stewartsville; 
Sloyer Peter A., Stewartsvill ; Stone Robt. H., and 
John S., carpenters and undertakers, StewartsvUle; 
Stone Charles, carpenter, Stewartsville ; Stone Jacob 
J., bla<;ksniith, Sliimers ; Stone Wm., (^arpent**r, 
Stewartsville; Stone l>-^nton, laborer, Stewartsville; 
Stone Henry H., merchant, Stewartsville; Shillinger 
(ieorge, merchant, Cooksvllle ; Shillinger Ja. ob, mil 

T ilTPAPU'^ rootnii Do Largest «fock of CAKPETS, lowest prices. 
MUDilUIl Oj LfliiLUll. fd.j Best, aUention always. 

lei', Co(jksville; Shillinger Samuel, Stewartsville; 
Shillinger Stewart, miller, Cooksville ; Snyder Geo. 
S-, laborer, Cook-^vill'; Stewart Jessi-, gentleman, 
Stewartsville ; Stewart Thomas K., Justice of Peace, 
Stewartsville; Stock Fred., merchant, Stewartsville; 
Sl.aderB. F., ])()simaster and clerk, Stewartsville; 
St -wa.-t Isaac, physician, Bloomsl)Ui-y ; Stone Matil- 
da, widow, Sl-ewartsville ; Siddeis Henry, laborer. 
Springtown; Schooly Henry, laborer, Bloomsbnry;' 
Stacker G. R., blacksuiith, Stewartsville; Severs A., 
Stewartsville; Smith John, Stewartsville; Smith W. 
.!., Bloonisbnry ; Smith Robt. I , Bloomsbury ; Smith 
Water (t., Bloomsbury; Suiith S. PI G.', widow, 
Jiloomsbury : Smith Chestei'. Bloomsbury; Scott 
Sairnh'l, Esquire, Stewartsville; Shively J. P., Stew- 
artsville; Shew.ei' Wm., Bloo.usbury ; Stiader Mary, 
wi(l<>,\. Stewartsville; Steck A. R., })astor Lutheran 
CImicIi, Sh-warlsville ; Tliatcli' r John K., wheel- 
wi ieiii, Sliitn"rs ; Thatchej- John, gentleman, Stew- 
artsville; That(^her Jesse, laborer, Stewartsvdle; 

^^''^'^'^ J^i/;^^^l^^^J-'^sons ^g^gj, j]gj,j^2j,g j,Qj,g_ 

The BEST GOODS torthe LEAST MONEY at 11, [][, llUHiUll U. LaMUll. Ifli 


Thompson Charles R., statim agent, Stewartsville ; 
Thorn .s tn John H., labo »• y, Stewartsville; Thcmpson 
VViUa:.!, station clerk, Stewartsville ; Thompson Rev. 

~ C. W. GARIS 

Has the Largest and Finest Line of 


In the Lehigh Valley, 

2*i8 Northivmpton street. Below the Circle. 

Wni., pastor Presbyterian church Stew irtsville • 
Thompson Annie, widow, Stewartsville. 

VVeider David, Shimers ; Woodruff Peter C, brake- 
man, Stewartsville ; Wallace Ch irles, laborer, Stew- 
artsville; Warman Jan,es C, laborer, Cooksville ; 

l^tliOlflMI'OEASTON, PA. Largest Store, Largest 
LHUDAUn O Asso rtments, and Qne Price to All 

VVarmnn David, laborer, Stewartsville; Whitesell 
Henry, ijooksville ; Wolf Lemuel, lime burner, Cjok- 
ville; Woll" Jo n, b borer, Cooksville ; Wolf Gborge, 
lab .rer, Cooksville ; Weller Jane E., wii ow Stew- 
artsville ; Weller Margaret, Stewartsville ; Weller 
Daniel, bnlcher, Stewartsville; Weller Wm., laborer, 

The Washington Reviexir, 

The Largest, Cheapest and Best Paper 
inWarren county. $1.00 a Year. 

Stewartsville; Weller Wm., Stewartsville; Weller 
Charles, laborer, Stewartsville ; Williamson Ingham, 
carpent r, Bloomsbnry ; Wils m John, Stewartsville. 
Young: a. C, physi' ianand surgeon, Stewartsville; 
Young Andrew, carpenter, Cooksville. 

iNnRFW^ % Nni F ^^^ Northampton St., Easton, Pa. Sell the 

beht Black and Colored Silks. Guaranteed. 


f OPE is the ceutral inlorior township of the county. Its name 
jT is flerived from the pioneer Aroravians, who setth-rl here in 
"^^ ^ 1 709, and gave that name to the locality in which ihey settled 
which rinaljy beeanie the present villaiie ol Hope. This township was 
cut otr from Oxford in 1830. Flope township is bounded on tiie north by 
Blairstown and Frelinghuysen on the northeast and east by Freling- 
huysen and independence ; on the southeast and south by Mansfield and 
Oxfoid. and southwist and west by Oxford and Knowlton. The town- 
ship contains 3,017 square miles or li),;5()9 acres of land ; present ]iopu- 
latiou about 1,600 

The siuface of Hope township is hilly and mountainous. The Jenny 
.lump mountain lange crosses the township from northeast to southwest. 
Limestone knobs abound tJiroughout the township. A great variety of 
.scenery is presented in the township, portions of it being pictuiesqne 
and beautiful. The soil along the "alleys of the Pe(|uest River and otLer 
streams is very fertile, while that ufion tiie mountain sides is not com 
mendablc for its fertility. Green's Pond, a i)i(nie and excursion resort 
of local fame, is a beatitif ul sheet of water located in the southwestern 
pnrl of the township. It is one mile long, and from one half to three- 
quarters of a mile wide, and is snid to be named from the first settler in 
till' township. 

Silver Lake, so called because of the clear silvery appearance of its 
surface, covers about "jOO acres in the northeast corner of the township. 
There are a numlterof small streams in the township, among which are 
Beaver Brook, Honey Itun and Muddy Brook. Upon streams art* 
numerous good mill sites, some of which are occupied. 

Norllj of the village of Hope, and along tiie Beaver Hrook, are 557 
acres of land called " Wet Meadow. '«" 

About one mile southwest of Hope is a deposit of marl, where ii is 
•aid to be four feet thick, under from two to four feet of muck. 

Tlic first setllei within tiie present limits of Hope township is 
suppf)scd to be S.unuel ftn-en. who came from Long Island about the 
commencement of the French and Indian war. The exact place of his 
location is not positively known, 4hough supposed to be either in the 
vicinity ol Gr< <n's Pond or near what is now the village of Hope Mr. 
Green was a deputy surveyor for the West Jersey proprietors, and was 
the owner of a large tract of land, embracing about the whole of the 


pn'scut tOT/nsljip. Otber settlers fbllo-sved, amon? whom were Samsor 
Howell, who settled at tlie foot of the Jenny Jump mountains built a 
saw c.ill, and supfilied the Moravians with what lumbertheyn quired for 
t'ncir buildings iit Hope. The Moravian;i brethren came here Jn 1760 
from l-5etlilehem, Pa., and purchase<l of Samuel Green 1500 acres of land, 
for which they paid about SI per acre. They founded the village of Hope; 
lived there for about J3o ye rs, suffered pecuniary loss, and relurned to 
Bethlehem in I8O0 or 18(6. The Moravian were a thoroughly honest 
class of people, but by relying too much on the honesty of those whom 
they dealt with, they suffered loss and were compelled to abandon their 
Hope enterprise. 

The towns of Hope township are : Rope, the principal town of the 
townsh p, was founded by the Moravians, or United Bi-ethren, in 1769, and 
was for a short time the seat of justice for Warren county. It is located 
in the north central part of the township, being beautifully situated near 
tlie )\ead waters ot P.i -aver Brook, up_n tlie banks of which it is built. It 
is an inland town, lying among th<' picturesque hills and surrounded by 
smiling valleys, and is a i<!rminus of tlie o'id Hoiie and Elizabeth turn, 
pike. It is 12 miles ivom the famous Water Gap, 16 from Newton, 9 
from Belvidere, and about 6 each from Blairstown, Delaware Station, 
and Hridgevillfe, whicli arc its nearest railroad stations. A stajfo, 
carryuig the mail, runs daily to tlic last named place; also one from 
Hope to Warringion. , 

One of Die peculiarities i)f Hie liistory of Hoi)e, is the conversion of the 
old stone chnreh of the Moravi-ans into a hotel at present, and for several 
years passed occupied by H. W. Rmidle, while on the site of the old 
Moravian tavern, stands the Christian church of to-day 

In the building which is now the Union Hotel, in the year lb24, were 
hfld the first courts for Waneii county, and thus Hope became a 
rival of Hel idi-re when the question oi a county seat was to be deter- 
mined. Hope has the advantages ot a very (jlcasant summer resort, and 
has a fair prospect of being thus palroni/.ed. The Unrai House is 
ahead}' accommodating a number of summer boarders 

Hope has at piesent two hotels, four general stores, one drug store, 
one hardware store, merchant tailor, harncssmaker, foundry and 
machine shop, wlieelwright shop bhicksmilli sJioi), shoe shop, furniture 
and undertaking establishment, meat market, saw mill, four churches, 
physicians, lawyer, a public and private school, and a gristmill; popu- 
lation, 250. 

Mt. Herman, a neat little handel in the northwest corner of the town- 
ship, has a church, sciiool-house, store and postoffice. 

Townsbnry is situated in the southern part of the towu^liip, in tlie 
Peqnest Valie} and on the Lehigh and Hudson railroad and is the only 
point in the township having a railway station. It has a store, black- 
smith shops, grist-riiill, saw-mill and poatoflace. Schools in township, 6 
scholars. 363. 


Township Directory. 

All whose vocation is not mentioned are farmers. . 

Acher Mrs. Geo., freeholder, Hope; Acher Wm , 
Hope; Adams John L., peddler, Hope ; Adams C, 
laborer, Danville ; Albert Monas. Hope ; Albert 
Amos, Danville; Albert John, Danville; Albert Jas., 
Danville; Albert Jacob, Hope ; A Ihertson Gideon L., 
Hope; Alb ift-ht J. J., laborer Danville; Allen 
Wm. P.. miller, Hope; Aimer Chas., Townsbnry ; 
Amadas Jose]Ji, laborer, Townsbnry ; Amhnsher Geo , 
lumberman, Townsbnry ; Anderson David, Bnttzville; 
Angle Wilson, laborer, Hope ; Angle John W., Towns- 
bury; Apj)leman Grover, Bnttzville; Aten Henry, 
foundryman, Hope; Ayers Simon A., Hope. 

Babcock Jacob, Hope; Bailey Jncob, carpenter, 
Hope; Bailey Fletcher, carpenter, Ho]ie ; Bailey 
George, miner', Hope; Bartow Chas B.., Hope; Bar- 
tow .Johnson, Mt. Hermon ; Bartow Jascm, miller, 


Hope; Bartow Wesley. Mt. Hermon; B:irtnvv Milton, 
Hope; Beatty Hon. Geo. H., Jndge. Ho])e ; B^atty 
Lewis C, Sfatp Biison official. Ho])(' ; Bennert John 
C, laborer, TIojx'; Bennett Fletcher. labniPr. Ho])e : 
Bennett Georije, laborer, Hope; Bennett Flisha, lab- 
orer. Hope; Bpro-en Dr. E. J , pliysicijin. Tlo])e ; Bice 
Rev. TI»^nry. minister. Hope; Bird Andr^Av. laboier, 
Danville; 'Bird Frederick, laborer, Danville; Bii-d 
George, laborer. Danville; Black John H.. wheehviight, 
Ho])e; Bhiin Silas, laborer, H()])e ; Blain Jehile. lab- 
orer, llf)i)e ; Blain John, hostler, Danville; BoAvers 
Wm. H., Ho]-)e ; T^iader Samuel, hiborer, Hope; 
Brinkei-hofl' Tsnac. Danville; Brown Albanus, Hope; 
Bi'own Pet*')-, Hope ; Bnrdge John, laborer Hope ; 
Itryaii C'lisirlos. Deiler in Blaid<ets. Whips. Har- 
ness and Kolx's. Hope ; Bnrdge Wm. S., laborer, 
Hope; Burdge Hermnn Inborer Hope; Bnrdge U., 
laborer, Hope; Bnrdtre Joseph, laborer, Hope; 
Bnrdge Amos S., laborer, Hope; Bnshlook Martin, 

LUBRICATING "oils 'of all KMs ar^WADE"Bm' 


^.NORTON'S Easton, Pa. 


hiboi^r , Da n vill eT Boyei^^^car^ Brid gevi lie ; Burdge 
Wm. W., laborer, Hope. 

Christioii A. li. Bro., Dealer in Stoves, Copper, 
Tin Mii'l Hardware, Hope; Case Jacob, laborer. D-dn- 
ville; Christian F. H., brksniitU Hope ; Christian J. S., 
tru'ker, Hope; Christian Geor.oe F., Hope ; Christian 
AichiUald, tinsmith, H()])e ; Ctiristian Ambrose, tin- 
smith, Hope; Christian Geo. B., laborer, Ho]>e ; Clif- 
ford Franklin, miner, D.snville ; Colburn Wm., miner, 
DanviiV ; Conner Geo., laborer, Townsbury : Cook 
John H., Hope; Cook r'harles H., Hope; Cook Wm. 
S., Hope; Cook James .i.. Hope; Cook Geo. A., me- 
chanic, Hopp; Cook Lt>slle, Hope; Cook Chas. C, 
Hope; Cortwright Cbis., laborer, Danville; Corwin 
Joseph, laborer, Towns) )ury ; Congle Alfred, laborer, 
DanvillM -. Cox Chtirles. lalwrer, Danville ; Crisman 
Clark, Hope ; Crisman James, laborer, Townsbnry ; 
Crusen Wm. A., nndcrraker, Hope; Crnsf^n Jacob, 
laborer, Hope; Cnmtnings John, Hope; Cnminins 
Joseph, Danville ; Cunningham Charles, b lack smith. 
1 ATTRAPRi^ PQetnn Pq si' i-x^ial attention to silks and 

MUDilbn 0; JjdMUli, rd, |)i;eSS GOODS. NEW GOODS DAILY, 

Hope ; Cunningham J(^rome, blacksmith, Hope ; Cur- 
bs John. Danville; (Jnrlis James, Hope; Cyphers J. 
.('. ,Hopp; Cyphers IJodnsan. Hope; Cyphers Clark, 

Di*mon Rev. Auslin, minister, Hope; Dean Mar 
s\v\\, laborer, Townsbnry; l>eaii Win., ('onlectioner,- 
etc, Hope ; Deats Geoige, Hope ; Deats David, labor- 
er, Hope ; Dell George, Hope ; Dennis Jac-ob, laljorer, 


[ Con ectioner and Dealer in Candies, Nuts 
. nd Fruits in their season. lceCre?m 
in Summer, Oysters in Winter. 

Hope; Depue Geo . Mt. Hermon ; Dill John, Hope; 
Dill George G., Hope ; Dilley J. F., blacksmith. Dan- 
ville ; Drake James P., Hope; Drake Heijekiah, 
Hope; Diake Barnef S-. Townsbnry; Drake George, 

the **DOWNTOWN" 

AUDKu Wu & KuLF. Ory'cood^^House, 205 Northampton 

' Street, Easton, Pa 

.111. llUn I Uli, Hardware, Stoves and Housefurnishing. 


Ev^tt Epenetiis, Hope; Everett Theodore, stage 
driver, Hope; Everett Irving, stage driver, Hope; 
Everett David. Hope. 

Faulkner AV. C. drover, Townsbury ; Faulkner B, 
C, Hope; Fisher Samuel, Mt. Hermon ; Fleming C, 
Danville ; Fleming J. W. C, Danville; Fleming Al- 
bert Danville; Fleming Jauies F.. Danville; Fleming 
Lewis, Danville; Fleming AA^m: E-. Danville; Fium- 
erfelt John S.. gentleman, Danville; Flumerlelt J. B. 
labort-r, Danville; Flumert'elt Michael C. trucker, 
Danville t Fliimerfelt Zacliariah, Danville; Flumer- 
felt Charles, mechanic, Mt., Hermon ; FlumerMr J. 
C, Mt. Hermon ; Flnnierfelt John, caipenter. Mt. 
Hermon; Flumerfelt David B., Hope; Fian«:e David 
C, laborer, Hope; Freese John, merchant, Hope; 
Freeman Clint(m, laborer, Hope ; Fiome T. P., Jus- 
tice of Peace, Townsbury ; Fitch Miss Ro^a, music 
teacher, Hope. 

Gallager Tetrence, laborer, Danville ; Gal lager Dan- 
iel, laborer. Hope ; Garretson Asher, c ai-pentei-. H"pe; 

T A TTC A nUii rnntn7 d7^"^' LAmiEST^DRYGOODS AND CAR- 

LAUBAlHOjhclStOll, ra,.i>ET house bargains al wayp. 

Garretson Peter, labort^r, Mopr-; Gairetson Peter Jr., 
lal)orer. Townsbury ; Ci}il>l»s I. H... VMrerinary S ir- 
geon, Townsbury'; <>iil»l>!<« I^r. A. ■... Dealer in 
Drugs, Paints and Oil-^, Hop^; Ciibbs Silas, 
agent, Hopp ; Gil)bs James M.. Hoi)e; Gibbs 
Edward P., trucker, Hope; Gibbs Isaac, la. 
borer, Hope ; Gibbs John, Hope ; Gibl)S Mar- 
tin, llopn ; Gibbs David V., teamster.; (iibbs 
Plot. Cliai-les. (virpenter, Mt. Hermon; (ribbs AA'm., 
stage driver, Townsbui-y ; Goble Daviil, laborer, ilopr; 

Isrciel JH. Cribbs, 


All Diseases of Domestic Animals 
r^cientifically treated. 


Green JolmSr., i'lVHliold^'r, Townsbury; Green Dan., 
Gentleman, Townsbury ; Green Wesley, lal)orer, Dan- 
vill*^ ; Green Samuel, Danville ; Green James A., la- 
borer, Uaavilli- ; Green Jeremiah, Danville ; Green 



^^^.NORTON'S Easton, Pa. 


Richard, laborer, Danville ; Green George, carpenter, 
Mr. Hermon ; Green John Jr., laborer, Hope; Gor-. 
key H-'nr3^ laborer, Danvill^^ ; Grover Albert, butch- 
er, Hope; Gouger John. Hope; Gould Edward, 
T(>wnsbury ; Gould Simon, laborer, Hope, 
i^ Hagarman Wni. P., Cooper, Hope; Ha-nn Ira L., 
carpenter. Hop ; Hann D. M.. Hope; Hann Jacob, 
DirivilJe; Hjirris John. Danviile ; Hartman Cornel, 
H )(<T? ; Harr ling John R., Dela'.vare ; Hartung Alphe- 
us, Delawa e; Heiidershot Jas. H., gentleman, Hope; 
Hendevshot James P., Hope; Hnndershot Abram Y,, 
Aope; Hlldebrarit Stewart B., Hope; Hildebrant A. 
IJ., H(»[)e; Hildebrant Daniel J.. H(>pe ; Hildebrant 
Winti^-ld, H'»pe; Hildebrant Isaiah B., Hope; Hilde- 
brant Ceorge f^'., Hope; Hildebrant Smith J., Hope; 
llildehraiii Ja"^. F., Auctioneer, Hope ; Hibbler 
Andrew H., Hope; Hill Albert, Danville; Hill Thos., 
Danville; Hill Robert, Hope; Hiles Wm. J.. Mt. 
Hermon; Hoit John B., Hoj)e ; Hoit Stewart B., 
Hope; Hoit Lewis, Hope; Hoj^kins Jacob, laborer, 

rAIIIlilPII'Q ^'^^^'^^'' ^^- <^^0-^^^^ ^^^ WRAPS of 

ImMUDMIIiI O every descriijtioii. Our Own Manufacture, 

Hope ; Hopkins Philij), laborer, Hope ; Howell John 
H., gentleman, Hope; Howell Isaac L., Hope; How- 
ell, Gideon G., landlord, Hope; Howell Edger C, 
Hope ; Howel Millard F., Hope ; Howell Edward A., 
clerk, Hope; H(jweil Garret C.,Hope; Howell Chas. 
VV-, Hope; Howell Frank B., Hope; Howell Geo. B., 
Mt. Herm.tu; Howland Rev. E. O., clergyman, Mt, 
Hermon ; Holland Mi(;hael, laborer, Danville ; Hol- 
bach Andrew J.-, laborer, Danville ; Huff Silas, labor- 
er, Hope. 

Ingersoll John B., Townsbury. 

Jayne Philip, laborer, Hope ; Jane Isaac, laborer, 

Keg Lewis, laborer, D.mville; Kelsey Abram W., 
Danville; Ketcham Thomas, laborer, Townsbury; 
Kerr W. A, teacher, Hope; Kishpaugh Abram F., 

Lance Freman, Danville ; Lanning Edwai'd, Mt 
Hermon ■ Lannini: Amos E-, Mr. Hermon; LaRue 
James, y:entleman, Mt. Hermon; LaRne George, gen- 

Ama^wawpm 9 WaI^ 205 Northampton St., EiiHtou, Pju The re- 
AllUrewS 6ft iNOlIi liable HOUSE for Mourning Goods. 

■ III. iiUn I Uli; Hardware, Stoves and Housefurnishmg 

372 HOPE 'roWI^SllIP. ^ 

rleman, Mt. Hermon; LaRiie .Ferry, gentleman, Hope; 
J. LaRue, laborer, ti()[)e; Letson Ja(X)b, mason, Mt. 
Hernion ; Letson James K., Mt. liernion ; Locey Mos- 
es, lal)orer, Hope; Lozier Marshal, laborer, Tuwns- 
bury ; Loll er Jefferson B., merchant, Mt. He^inon ; 
Lusk Wm. laborei', Hope; Lnsk Daniel, laborer, 
Hop*^; Lusk AVni. Ji., laborer Hope; Lnsk Maicns, 
laborer, Hope. 

-Mains Theodore, laborer, Hope ; Matlock Daniel 
P., Hope; Matlock George, Hope; Martenis Wm., 
Townsbnry; McDavit Henry, [)ainter, Ht)pe ; McCain 
Ja^ues, Mt. Hernion ; McElroy Anson, laborer, Hope; 
Miller Wm, C, butcher, Hope; Miller Dennis, Towns 
bury ; Miller Isaac;, Hope ; Miller Dell, Hope ; Meriill 
Lewis L, Plope ; Mej. .il Amos H., laboiei', Hope; 
xMerrill Dennis K,. ..norer, Tovvnsbury ; Mericle W,, 
Hope; Moore Stephen, Townsbury ; Moore \\Mn. A., 
Townsbury ; Moore VVm. B., miller, Townsbury; 
Moore Daniel Ct., Townsbury; Moore .lesse, Towns- 
'I'uwnsbury ; Morrison Benjamin, tailor, Ho])e; Mor- 
ris (jreorge, Hope. 

T A ITT5 A nU'C! roctnii Do I^JUgcsl slock of CARPE'I'S, lo\v(^sl prices. 
LAUDiibn 0; LdMUll. rd., Best aUenliou always. 

Mai agarard Lewis, miner, Danville; JSewman 8. 
B., Hope; Newman Alvin, Mr. Hernion. 

Osmun Joseph, Delaware; Osmun Oiio, laborer, 
Hope ; Urt Jesse, laborer, DanvJle! 

Experienced Auctioneer 

t iiri-|Kir<Ml (<> (III :ill liiiidn <il \i'ii<lii(' < ryiii^.' !'< U|>lc uisliiiig' 
iii.V i><-r\ i<'rs >liiiii l<l M<>i' iiic lii'loif li:i\iii^ l>i I Is |>i lilted. 

Parks John N., lf()[)e; Parks Wm., lIo])e ; Parks 
S:nuel (i., Townsbury; Parks Jos., Townsbuiy ; 
Paiks John, Townsbuiy ; Parr Peter, laborer, Hope ; 
Parr Isaac, laborer, Hope; Parr Wm., laborer, Hope; 
l*ari- John, iaboier, Hoi>e ; P.nscjj LewMs, blacksmith, 
Townsbury; Parsell Herman Jj., miller, Townsbury; 
Peterson Han(;e, Danville; Petty Jaco.; M., general 
mdse., Townsl)ury ; Piejson Joseph, Mt. Hermon ; 
Poyer James K.., laborer, Danville ; Poyer Abraham, 


^NORTON'S, Easton, Pa 


laborer, Hope ; Foyer Irving, laborer, Hope ; Poyer 
• loseph, laborer, Hope; Poyer Caleb, laborer, Hope; 
Price Richard, laborer, Hope ; Price Abram, laborer, 
Hope ; Price Ziba, laborer, Hope ; Price Ueorge, la- 
borer, Danville. 

Quick John, Townsbury ; Quick George, Towns- 
bury ; Quick Jacob, Mt. Hermon. 

Rader Aaron, laborer, Hope; Read. John C, labor- 
er, Mt. Hertnon ; Read Aaron, gentleman, Mt. Her- 
mon ; Read Samuel, Mt. Hermon ; Read Isaac S., 
Ho[te; Read Saron W., Hope; Read Ira C, Hope ; 
Read Jos. M., miller, Hope; Read Wm., Hope; 
Read fcUas, Hope ; Rice Benton, Hope ; Robinson B. 
C, Hope; Roe James V., Hope; Riiiidle H. W., 
Proprietor Union House, Hope ; Runyan Nelson, 
Hope; Runyan John W-, Hope. 

Seals Lawrence. Hope ; Seal.> Simon, clerk, Hope ; 
Shuitz Daniel, Danville; Shultz Peter, Delaware; 
Siney Joseph, Hope; Ships Lewis, laborer, Hope; 
Smith Philip, laborer, Hope; Smith Wm. V., laborer, 

I^ITRAPIJ'QE^^^OW, PA. Largest Store, Lai-gest 

LAUDHUll O Assortments, and 0)18 Price tO All 

Hope ; Smith John G., laborer, Hope; Smith Joseph, 
laborer, Hope; Smith Francis, Buttzville; Smith Geo, 
R., Buttzvill'-'; Smith Raiington G., ButtzviLe; 
Sriover John, laborer, Hope ; Snyder Frederick, Mt. 
Hermon; Stackhouse Coiuelius, Jaborer, Hope; 
Stephens John, laborer, Hoi)e ; Stiff David B-, Hope ; 
Stout Wm., laljor-r, Ho])e ; Stout John, laborer, 
Hope ; Swayze Caleb, mer(;liant, Hope ; Irving Sway- 
ze, clerk, Hope; Swayze Al[)heus, Hope; Swayze Asa 
Sr., gentleman, Hope; Swayze Asa Jr., teamster, 
Hope; Swayze Alpheus J., Hope; Swayze Isaac S., 
Hof)e ; Swayze Henry J., laborer, Hope ; Swayze A. 
J., banker, Hope; Swayze A. B., gentleman, Hope; 
Swayze G. B., clerk, Hope ; Swayze Edward, Hoi)e ; 
Swayze Wintield, carpenter, Hox)e , Swayze Wittield, 
carpenter, Hope; Swayze John B., Hope; Strunk 
Wm., Hope; S'way/-<* >lls« Camilla, Dealer in 
Pine Millinery Goods and Lace, Hox)e. 

Taylor James H., labojer, Delaware; Tims Ellis, la 
borer, Townsbury; Tims Calvin, laborer, Townsbury ; 

' Street* Easton, Pa- 


n. m. nun m il, Hardware, Stoves and Housefu pushing. 

Tinsman Daniel M. gentleman, Mr. Hermon ; Tins- 
man John T., Mt. fWmon ; Treat S. J., crentleman, 
Hope: Tims John. Brid^eville; Turner Bros., 

Dealers in (reneral ^Nrerchanrlise, Hope. 

Upde^rove Davirl. laborer, Danville. 

Van Camp Davi-I. mason, Mt. Hermoti : Van Camp 
Daniel, fonndryman, Mt. Hermon ; Van Gorden Dan- 
iel, laborpi-, Hope; Van Horn A. S., .a:entlpman. H-»]-»e; 
Van Horn Alvin .4., Dealer in Generel Metrhr'n- 
dise, ^ Hope; Van Horn R. .n.. Attorney at Law 
and Soliciroi- and Master in Chanrerv. FTope ; Van 
Horn Gariet A . Hop . ; Van Sickle Danipl, laborer, 
Hope ; Van Sickle John, laborer, Hope ; Van Seoten 
Johnson, laborer, Ho])h ; Van Vorst Charles, Hope; 
Voorhees John. Townsbiiry ; Vliet Nelson. Justice "f 
Peace. Towrisbnry : VI i^-t Harry, iniiler, Town^bnry ; 
yiif^t Benjamin. 1)lacks!nith. Townsbniy; A'ns'er .la's., 
farmer, IV^. H'^rmon ; Vush-'r Edward, farmer, Ho|)e. 

Walters Peter, laborer, Hope; West Jacob. 'Jt^Mcii- 
lator, Hope; West John C, farme--, H^p.^; W^Tcr 


LiiUDAbn 0. MMUU, rd. i'i:t house bargains alwajp. 

Cornelius, ab,.rvr. Townsbnrv ; AVebch Patrick, 
laborer. Danvillp; White Wm.. laborer Danville; 
White.sell Wrv. M . Townsbnrv; Wii-e Amos, Towns- 
bury; Wilson fi-wi . laborer,' Tow I sbury ; Willianw 
J. J, Mr. H.-rinon ; Wintermute Geo. A. laborer, 
Hope; Winrt-rrufitc Wm, laborer, Biitt/ville; Winter 
mute Gho. M, Buftzville; Winters Ogden. Hope; 
Wildrick Marshiil. Hope; Wildrick Jerome, laborer, 
Hope; Wildiick .I.irnes M., laborer, Ho])e ; AVilflrick 
Isaac-, Hope; Wildrick Stephen. Ho-jie ; Wildrick 
Ger)rire W., Dan'ville; Wildi-ick Samuel. Danville; 
Winters Mrs. M , dressmaker, Hope; Wolfe John B., 
car[)enfHi-, H )p"; Wolfe G;wrge, Hope; Woolverton 
Henry, fonndryman. Hope. 

^ ancer Albert, farm hand, Hope ; Yonmans Wesley, 
laborer, Hope; Yonmans Luther, Plope. 



-:: n^ti 

\\f ARDWICK is one of the northern northeast bonier townships of 
'^Y ^^^^ county, and is bounded on the northeast by Sussex county, 
'^^ ^ on the south and southwest by Pauliuskill, which forms the 
boundary between this and Frelinghuysen townships, on the southwest 
by Blairstown township, and on the northwest b\- the township of 
Puhaquarry. It contains 15.91 square miles, or 10,182 acres of land. 
Population at present about 650. 

The surface of Hardwick is very uneven. All the streams of this 
township flow in a southerly or southwesterly direction, which indicates 
the general ticjpe of land. The Blue Mount.iins on the north form the 
boundary between this and Pahaquary townships. This is the most 
elevated portion of the township, and Irom this part southward to the 
Valley of the Paulinskill is a succession of hills, valleys and ridges. 
The principal titreara passing through this township is Waii' Creek, which 
ri es iu the northeastern part, flows in a slightly southwestern direction, 
crossing the township almost diagonally, and emptying into the Paulin- 
skill at the village of Blairstown. 'I'his stream provides several g')od 
mill si;;es, some of which are already occupied. .Jacksonburg Creek 
rises also in the northeastern part, among the Blair Mountains, flows 
southwest through Hardwick and Blairstown townships into the Paulins- 
kill. White Pond is a beautiful sueet of water, situated about half a 
mile north of 1 aulinskill, and about halfway between the northeast anu 
southwest borders of the township. This name is given to the pond on 
account of the deposits of white shells, which are {tlainly visible at its 
bottom. Shuster Pond, named from an early settler of that name, and 
Mud Pond, so-called because of its muddy appearance, are small bodies 
of water found in the township. 

There are no settlements of impcnlance in this township, which is 
doubtless due to the fact that the surroundings necessary to suggest and 
invite the building of a town are wanting. There is good farming land 
in the township, and considerable timber resources, with probable 
mineral wealth, and many of the people areiu comfortable circumstances. 
The first settlers came here about the year 1735. Among the first were 


a number of Q?i»kers, whtj, afti-r a time, constrained to migrate into 
Hunterdon county, that they might carry on llicirJiusineRs as millers, 
there beinfj no mills in Hardwick at this early date. The first mill in 
thiR township was built about the year 1T83, near the present village of 
Paulina. The^mill at Marksboro wassfion afterward built. The tiist gener- 
al election in this townsh'p, which at that time embraced also Freling- 
huysen, was held in 1791. The division of the towiishij) was made in 
1848. The original Hardwick was formed by royal patent in 171o. The 
first town meeting of which we have any record met at the house of one 
Deborah Hettit, on the 8th of March, 1774. At this time the "Town 
Committee" was known as a " committee to settle with the Overseers ot 
the Poor and to assist them." The words "and for other purposes" 
became a part of the title in 1775. In 1779 they were termed " Com- 
missioners of Appeals and a committee to settle with ihe Overseers of 
the Poor ;" in 1781 " a committee to settle all the i)ublic business ol the 
town;" in 1799 "committee of the town;' in 1801, "committee of 
five;" in 184:^. "township committee;" and in 1S44 "town com- 
mittee," which title is still retained. The first school committee seems 
to have been oi'giinized in 18:!4. In 1847 the conuniltci' was comi.osed 
of one person. The last townshiji school superintendent was Lenuicl 
F. L. Wilson, who held oflSce in 1866. 

Among the ')usiness interests of Hardwi«k may be mentioned the 
following : The saw mill of A. J. Hill, which stands on the site ot the 
old pioneer giist-milj. ])uilt by Peter B. Shaler abont the close of the 
war of the Revolution. A sash and blind factory at Paulina ; the old 
Wintermute saw-mill ; a sorghum factory on Pauliiiskdl near Winter- 
mutes saw-mill; a saw-mill and tannery at Slabtown ; a saw-mill on 
Blair Creek, and one on Jacksonhurg Creek, and a grist-mill on Blair 
Creek. Hardwick once had a cotton factory on the banks of the I'aidins- 
kill, and about midway between Paidina and .Maiksboro, the walls of 
which may still be seen. It has not been in active opcsralion since about 
the year 1835. There is no regular church organization in the townshi^' 
at the present time, and but one cemetery, situated in the southern part 
of School District, No. 78, on the road leading from Slabtown to Marks- 
boro, in which a number of the i)ionncer settlers are sleeping. 

A temperance society was fornied in this township as early as \H'M), 
and was known as the " Hardwick Temperance Society." It has long 
Rince dwindled into in.Mgnificanct'. and is ii(»\v only a thing of the past, 
and the fathers who toniicd it have i)een long in pos.sestsion of their re' 
ward. There are but two schools in the lownshsp with 99 scholars. 


Township Directory. 

All whose Gocatlort Is itot meuUoned are farmers. 

Bird James C, Blairstown ; Blackford Andrew, la- 
borer, Blairstown ; Bale Peter, Blairstown ; Bale Jas. 
Blairstown ; Bale Henry, Blairstown ; Bale David, 
Blairstown; Bunnell Henry, Blairstown; Budd Geo., 
freighter, Marksboro. 

Conklin John, sawyer, Blairstown ; Cook Aaron, 
Stillwater, Cole Samuel, Hard wick ; Cole Samuel Jr. 
Hardwick ; Cole Jacob, Blairstown ; Croup Jonas, 
Blairstown ; (Jroup Amos, laborer, Blairstown ; Cast- 
ner, Wm., lumberman, Hardwick; Castner George, 
miller, Hardwick ; Castner Samuel, teamster, Hard- 
wick ;Crouse Baltis, Marksboro ; Crisman John C, 
Blairstown; Crissman Marshall, Blairstown ; Castner 
Fordham, laborer, Hardwick. 

Dickerson John, laborer, Marksboro ; Dickerson 
Alfred, Marksboro., 

JLMUDMUll O every descriptiou. Our Own Manufacture. 

Ervey Walter, Hardwick; Engersoll Caleb Marks- 

Fi-ance Hiram, pension agent, Blairstown ; Fisher 
Wm., Hardwick ; Fisher Levi H., laborer, Hardwick ; 
Fritze David, Stillwater. 

Gouger Wesley. Blairstown ; Gouger Baltis, labor- 
er, Blairst'iwn Grover John, laborer, Blairstown. 
Hill Andrew J., m ison and contractor, Paulina; Hill 
Abram, Blairstown; Hill I. L., laborei-, Blairstown; 
Hill Samuel, tanner, Blairstown; Hill Andrew R., 
carpenter, Blairstown ; Hill .laines, Blairstown; Hill 
Wm., Blairstown ; Hill John M., Blairstown; Hill 
Clerk, Blairstown ; Hill Marcus C, laborer, Blairs- 
town; Hxll Wm. K,,. retiied, Blairstown; Hunt Rob- 
ert, lab(ner, Blairstown ; Hariis Charles, Blairstown ; 
Harris Jacob, Blairstown ; Han-is Isaac, Blairstown; 
Honey Christopher, Blairstown ; Hooey Samuel, 
Blairstown ; Horton George, Blairstown ; Huff Jacol) 
S., Blairstown; Huff Jacob E., Stillwater; HuffAlon- 
zo, Stillwater; Harden Alex., Blairstown ; Hull John. 

Avi/lwATCVfi 9 TvTftlf 205NortliamptouSt.,Eastoii, Fa. The re- 
AnUreWS «> in on, Uable house for Mourning Gooela. 

, III. iiUn I UIi, Hardware, Stove.s aud Housefuruishmg 


mason, Stillwater; Hull Charles, mason, Stillwater; 
Hull Cieoi'g.^, laborer, Stillwater; Hender^liot Josiali, 
laborer; Stillwater; Hytlier Wm., laborer, Stillwatei ; 
Ha ris Wm., tree agent, Elairstow^n ; Harris Elias, 
druggist, Blairstown ; lluaton Abram, laborer, Marks- 
: oro ; Huff Eugene, laborer, Marksboro ; Huff Scliool- 
ey, laborer, Marksboro ; Hisom Wm., laborer, Haid- 

.loliuson I'liilip, inillf^r, Marksboro ; Johnson Le was, 
agent and operator, Marksboro. 

Koukle Isaac R., Marksboro ; Konkle D. R., Blairs- 
town; Kice Wm., shoeuuiker, Hardwick ; Kice Hen- 
ry, Htirdwick ; Kise Jacob, Hardwick; Keer Ha up- 
ton, Stillwater- 

Lanteiman James J)., i^aulina ; Lanterman I^^ank, 
Paulina; Lanterman J:^son laborer, Paulina; 
terman George, laborer, Paidina ; Lanterman Wm.. 
Marksl)oro ; Luse Aaron, Marksboro; Lanterman 
Wm. Jr., clerk, Marksboro; Laurenson J. H.,carpen- 
tei, Miiksboro ; Laurenson M. E., labjrer, Marl^s- 

WHAT YOU WANT AT l^AUDAwn tf, Jy^SLUll, kdtm 

boro; Linabery Beiij., Blairstown ; Laton John, 
Blairstown; Losey Wm. )., Stil, water ; Lambert Ja- 
cob, la])orer, J^hdrstown. 

Mann i^'mola 1)., carpenter, Blairstown; Mann John, 
laborer, Bl drstown ; Maring Mrs. Sarah J., j)ostmis- 
trcss, Hardwick; MoM Wm., Marksboro; Mott Aus- 
tin, laborer, Mat ksboi-o ; Motl Jac ;b, retired, Marks- 
boro; Mann Eiios ()., Marksboro; Mesler John, 
Miiiksboro; Mesler Kinney., laborer; Marksboro; 
Me.sler Daniel, lunibeiiiiaii, Blair.stown ; Moiiison W., 
hi borer, Slillvvalei'; Moiiison (iiiy, laboi'er, Stillwater; 
Mowery iMnaniiel, PJ.iiisloun. 

McCrarkeii .Juiiii, Blairstown; McGrath John, 
Bhnistowii ; Mc(Ti'atli Eugene, sawyer, Blaiistown. 

Newman Levi, Blairstown; Newrnan David R., 
Blair-town ; Nullon Mre. Sarah, dress Ji.aker, Blairs- 

i' rim George, Marksboro; Primrose George Jr., 
Mill Ksbojd; i'eo.stei- Jonas, Bhiirstown ; Primrose Jos., 
Maiksboro; Primrose Samuel, Marksboro. 


^'*. ,, TlTTOnonf in 'Rai-ttAiliT * *"'"*' *'"'■*> ^o'' Dyspepsia, sick or 
ULE AiyapcpilL l\CiIlUUy> Nervous Headache. Guaranteed. 


:;^.NORTON'S Easlon, Pa, 


Quick Embla D.. tree agent, Blairstown. 

Rice Lewis R., laborer, Blairstowii ; Roof Jacob S., 
laborer, Stillwater; Rntanr C. S. laborer, Blairstowu ; 
Roof Lemuel, laborer, Stilhvater. 
Sinister Wm Plairstowii ; Sinister Israel, Blairstown; 
Sinister Ira, Blairstown ; Sliewster .Andrew, Blairs 
town ; Sliuster Elijali, Marksboro ; Slmster Abrani 
B., Stillwater; Sinimons George, StillwatHr; S[)eclit 
Henry C. M., lumberman, Blairstown; Sperlit Fi-ank. 
laborer. Blairstowni; Savercool J. B., Blairstown; 
Savercool Matliias, Blairstown ; Savercool Seldon, la- 
borer, Blairstown ; Savercool Martin, laborer, Pauli- 
na ; Saverct ol George, laborer. Hard wick ; Savercool 
Pliilliyj, S. Marksboro; Sipley J. P.. laborer, Pauli- 
na ; Sipley Philip. Paulina ; Sipley Rachael, Blairs- 
town ; Squire Philip, Marksboro; Simonson Frank, 
laborer, Hardwnck ; Simonson Nicholas, laborer, 
Hardwick ; Simanton George, laborer, Hardwick; 
Sclio ;nover Catharine, grocer, Hardwick. 

Teel John L. Blairstow^n ; Teel James C, Blaiis- 


t 'wn ; Teel Lewis B.. Blairstown; Titnian Zadock, la- 
borer, Blair-^town ; Toten Henry, lat orer. Blairstown; 
Toten Edward, laborer, Blairstown ; Tew Geoige, la- 
borer, Mai-ksboro. 

Vass John W., Blairstown ; Vas.s Philip, Blairs 
town; Yass Isaac S., Marksboro; INass Charles, 
Marksboro; Vass Frank, Marksboro; Voss Martin, 
Marksboro; Vough Isaac, Marksboro; Vough Jas. 
F., laborer, Marksboro; \ ough John, laborer, 
Marksboro; Vanauken Chris, laborer, Blairstown. 

Walters W-n , Blai]stown ; Walters J. B., Blairs- 
town; Wilson L. F. L., Blairstown; Wilson Frank, 
Blairstown; Wilson Theodore, Marksboro; Warner 
John W., Markslxiro ; Warner Frank, Marksboro; 
Warner Geoi'ge, laborer, Marksboro; Wildi-ick VX.w 
ton, Marksboro; Wintermute A. K, Maiksboro ; 
Wintermute James, laborer, Marksboro ; Wintermn • e 
Mrs. Diantha, Hardwick ; Warner Marcus B., labor- 
er, Marksboro ; Wildrick George G., laborer, MarKs 

Atl/^T^PTTrQ Ji "NTrtlf 205Nort]iampton St., Eastoii, Pa, Tho rc- 

L) liable HOUSE for Mouuing Goo 1~. 



^^1 ARMONY is one of the soiitli western border townships of War- 
]^ ren county, being situated in the so\itliern part of tiie tier of 
^^^ ^ townships along tlie Delaware, and was formed in 1S89, hav- 
ing up to tliat time embraced portions of Greenwieh and Oxford. Its 
dimensions are six miles long by five miles in Invadth. and it contains 
13,881 acres of land. 

The Belvidere divisiou of the Pennsylvania Kaihoad erosses ihe 
western part of the township, along and nearly jiarallel with the Dthi- 
ware river, and has a station at Martin's Creek, and flag stations at 
Hutchinsons and Ro.xburg. Harmony is bounded on the north by Ox- 
lord and the Delaware, on the east by Franklin, on t])e south by Lopat- 
cong, and on the west by the Delaware. 

The surface of this township is considerably varied, being covered 
with mountains, hills and valley. Scott's Moiuitain extends into the 
lownHhip of (J.xford, running northeast and southwest near the eastern 
boundary. Marble Moiuitain, and its extension Ragged Ridge cross the 
townshljt in the center, running also northeast and southwest. 

The soil of the township, like its surface, is varied. Along the 
Delaware is a flat composed mostly of .sand and limestone. Marble 
Mountain has a soil made uj) also of limestone and other coarse nuUerial 
of a eliaracter not to be highly conunended for its f«rtilily. There is 
also a small portion of wet laml, but the grealer part of the township is 
fertile and productive. Harmony townshi)) is well watered. Its west- 
ern border is washed by the Delaware: Lopatcong Creek, a tribntaiy 
of the Delaware, rises in S(!otts .Mountain and flows in a southwestern 
direction through the townshij); Meriets Rrook has its source in the 
same moimtains, and flows south into Greenwiiii township. Harmony 
is one of 1 he most pictureM(|ue townships in the county. 

The first .settlements were made prior to the Revolutionary War. but 
the exact dale cannot be given. The early settlers were probably 
mixed, coining from diflerent fatherland.-. Amonj; the most important 
were those of EuLdisli e.xtraction. 

The village* ol Harmony are as follows : Montana, situated iu the 


northeastern corner of the township on Scott's ]!tIountain, has a Presby- 
terian church, a Eai)tist church, school house, blacksmith shop, store 
and [.ost office. 

Roxburg, in the northern part of the township, has a grist mill, black- 
smith shop, store and and post office, a foundry, and the best public 
school building in the township, used also lor union church services. 
It is about '>ne mile from the Delawaie and four from Belvidere. , 

Upper Harmony, located near the center of the township, has a store, 
post office, blacksmith shop, undertaker's establishment, public school, 
and a line Piesbyterian church, recently erected on the site of the old 
one, adjoining which is " Fairview Cemetery," the finest burial place in 
the township. 

Brainards, situated in the central western part of the township, along 
the Delaware, and at the junction of the Martin's Creek division of the 
Bangor II. R. with the Bel. Del. R.R., is simply a post hamlet. 

Lower Harmony, located about a mile southwest of Upper Harmony^ 
has two grist mills, a blacksmith shop, store, public school, and a 
Methodist church. It has no post office. Lower Harmony has a 
burial ground supposed to have been used over one hundred years. 

Population of the township about 1,300. Schools, ?• Scholars, 444. 

^DKPXTZ:, SON, <£ CO., 

Ground Bone, Bone Phosphate, and Neats 

Dealers in new and second-liand grain and pliospliate 

drills and^ other agricultural macliinery. We 

also l^eep constantly a general line of 

consisting of Sulphate of Potash, uriate Potash, Sul- 
phate of Soda, Kanite. Sulphate Ammonia, 
ground and dissolved bone, dissolved 

North Carolina Rock Phosphate, 

Cayuga aud Nova Scotia piaster, etc., at very 
reasonable prices for cash. Farmers given instruc- 
tions in preparing fertilizers for their own use. 


James Depue. A. lirands. Wm. H. K. Depue. 



6 Years. 

fiQRNisH m um i 

$65.0GmY;i1 Organs Reduced to Qosi 


IM KOUK rWMI 1 IS l.>IQIli:ii> 

"U., INSIIU'CTIMV );m(,k iiiiil li.hv..., ,.n 1 


vIkii most (>i''iiii fjiclorics fIuiI. i1i^\!i. ir i ini li.-ilC liinr. MT. 

|:FI:|{ to l,rN ri I,I,'I'IMK:im<!s,.|!:,i .■il.oKtui'tiii.lcr-.:'.. 

Tl.i^ * 'rjTf'n, show u hy anncx'^d cnl li;is n(■^■t'l• h>ru ol!cr»'(J oi" so'H 

for It'fs l)ii>n Sti.i.iiO; v-c uill diiriiiir tin dun >i'.i-.m. sr II it at nl' nf, 




' : cl r,.\.|uisi(i'ly >!i:i,OIMA Wc*-.! 
•■ J':, ti, M.llnw. Smooth IH.\>''VsO\ 
•• < l;.m)iiii-lv Jirilliaut Ci:5.EsTK 

Solid k walnut t-asr, a\ ill ar, t sulisianl all>' mad , and 
< Irpaull.v (iuislu' I and rinhrllishcd w i li I'aiii'y frots, cai-vcd 
ornanuntsaiMl jrold liarin^'s. I'ali'iil 'J'ii)i].- Ipritrlit ISrllows 
■«)iii'h I'l-isuiivrior loaii.v I-i'Ilowscvpi'con-truv nd. Kollors. 
Iianil I ^. Imiii slaiuls, inn--'- roi'kct.. sli lin;; fall with lock, 
and ;i'I 1' ■ 1 iS'^t iM'ni i !'■ ih-'' - and ■■iiiim ov i inriils. 


tliat the uiu:-ii' Inviiit.' imlilu' 
sli.dl M fl r ii-a) luriitst'in- 
Orpai;s iio Sfsss, and wilh 
tliat nul in view wo will 
nflftr III ni luiintr tlio Imt 
suiniiK'rinouthswiu'n trade 
is dull, «i( r»-t<'v» I lint v HI 
'•r HM oV ■*■! f*'»r ryi---;- 
'to** V lo . .. . n ; ', icil- 4ii <'.\'r 


In v\t'vy iiLdanof we t^liili 
(ni,':ins <iu 10 day's tpst 
trial. Mili.iiit to arci'iitauce 
HI' i-o,ioi-t.iiin. I'uirliaser 
ruiif! no iHissihlo I'isk as we 
.ly all Ficirlit fliarpp? 
halh w-.iya if (ii|.-an i: r.-t 
as fi'prtsrnli'fi aid set?;. 
r,i.-!.ii'v ill cviry iisp.-.jl. 

U:•!iv;■^.^i ,•; i/v'.: s a-^i.i'.-'.crton. 



Would call the attention of the residents of 
Warren county to their latest stxle PaT'lor Organ 
'' The Favorite." stvle 12, shown above, the reji'- 
ular price of which is $65, ])U[ which is reduced 
to about cost $45.00. 

Any ivsidt'iil (»[ Wmrpii Co , cmii )iiircli:ise nixixp orii,;iii ;iii<l jtnv 
^5 down .il'tHr I»mi (l;iys In.sf t.ri:il. and ^^) pe' rnoiilh theieallci' inilil 
nil is |»ai<l. l^^'sides lliis we will ])jiy the (^\|)(-''s of any ivsidt^nt of 
Waiit'ii Co.. who clioo.scs to visit l^'aclory and select an ()]<4'an in 
person. Address or call on 




Township Directory. 

All whose ^location Is not mentioned are farmers. 

Alshonse Eiuainiel, Montanti; Alshoiise Henrv, 
Minitana.; Alshonse iMarciis. Harmony ; A-iiey Mar 
liaret, seamstress. Harmony; Amey Cmiiaiiiie. seam 
stress Harmony^ Amey John C, Karinuny ; Amey 
J. H.. Phil lips burg ; Amey Wm.. Hannoiiy; Amey 
H. H., retired, Harmony; Allen Elijah, ^5l•., {jrist 
mill. Harmony ; Allen Elijah, Jr , Hurinony ; Angle 
Richard, Roxburg; Amey James M., Harmony; Amej- 
David. Harn:ony ; Alshonse Jolin, laborer, Harmony; 
Alshouse Mary, retired, Harm(»ny; Alshoust- Ellen, 
retirnd. Harmony; Apgar G. H., ndnister. Harmony. 

Beers Elisha, mason. Harmony ; Biur Andrew,' la- 
borer, Stewartsville ; Burr Alva, laiioier, Stewarts- 
ville; Bnrd Henry E., Montana; Beers Maria, Mon- 
tana; Burd Adam. Montana; BntJer IS'athan, Mon- 
tana; Beers David, laborer, Montana; Beers Benja 



niin, Montana; Beers VV^m., Montana; Burd John L., 
Montana; Beers Luke V., Montana; Beers (iarner 
Montana; Beers Aaron. Montana; Benwaid James, 
laltorer. Harmony; Bellis Philip. HarUiony ; Beers 
George L., Montana ; Bitner VVm , laborer. Harmony; 
Beers John C, Montana ; Peers Charles, laborer, Mon- 
tana; Butler HolloM'ay. Roxburg ; Butler Tliomas, 
laborer. Roxbing : Buchman Hiram, Harmony ; 
Buchman Oscai'. laborer. Harnit)ny. 

Carling Elizalietli, Stewartsville ; Culver Wilson R. 
Montana ; Cook Joseph. Montana ; Cole Asa K., Jus- 
tice of the Peace , Montana; Cole Ueorge, laborer, 
Montana; Cole Peter E., Montana; Carhart Jacob, 
rmdertaker, Harmony ; Culver Silas, laborer, Mon- 
tana ; Clynier John. Brainai-d; Cline Jacob 
W., Harmony; Caihait (Jhailes, Hainiony ; Cline 
Game., Haimony ; Crutz Ezekiel, laborer, Hai-mony; 
Crutz Peter, Montana; Cami>beH Matilda, Roxburg; 
Crut.z John H., laborer, Montana ; Cline John L., 
Roxburg; Cline Price L., teacher, Roxburg; Cobb 

, -4 • ' ■ ' ■ I ■■■ ■ - . 

UTnTJnKTri 7. ^TftT r Proprietors of the "DOWNTOWN" 
AiiiiALWu UC iiULi . Dry Goods House, 205 Northampton 
MiiwxMii-' •• -t**— , street Easton, Pa 

H M MHRTOM »»//"^''** "-'^^ ^^/' «a' /i^a, dealer in 
n. III. liUn I Ull, Hardware, £toves aud Housefurnishing. 


R. P., minister, Harmony; Carling T. F., Harmony; 
Cline Lewis, retired, Flarmon ; Cline G. H., i)liysi('i- 
an, Harmony ; Cline David, Retired, Harmony; Cy- 
pliers (Teoro;e, laboiei-, Harmony. 

Dida John, Harmony; Dilts Jolin, laborer. Stew- 
artsville; DeWitt Isaac, Mont<.na; DeWitt J. D., 
physician, Harmony; DeWitt Paul P., Montana; 
Dalrymple (Teoro:^, \lontana ; Dunn Samuel, laborer, 
Harmony; DeWitt Thomas, Harmony; Depue Cal- 
vin, Pliillipsbiirg: Depne Abram, Hainiony ; Depue 
James, Harmony ; DeWitt James W., Harnumy ; 
DeWitt Geo M.^, laborer, Phillipsburo-; DeWitt Jas., 
Pliilli[)sburo: ; Dempsey Michael, raiiroadei-, Phillips- 
burt^; Duckworth Angeline, laborer, Roxbu g ; Duck- 
worth James, laborer, Roxburg ; Deieanier Isaa<", 
laborer, Montana; Davison Eliza, Roxlmig; Dalryn:- 
ple Wm., laborer, Montana; Depne Samuel A. Har- 

Evans James, Montana; Eberly Geoi'ge, Montana; 
Eberly Henry, Montana; Kdinger David, Montana; 


EASTON. Pa. CLO\FvS an.l WRAI'S of 
.vcnv il.'.sfiipt on. Our Own Manufacture. 

Eckert Otto. Harmon v ; Eckert Jac<>l) Sr., laborer. 
Harmony ; Eckert Jacob Jr., laborei', Hainiony ; An- 
gler Christoplier, Harmony; Engler Mar-half, Phil- 
li|>sburg; Eckert Garner, laborer, Haitnony ; Kckert 
John, lalK)rer, Ilarnsony; Easterday Daiius. lalx-rer, 

Fine Barnet D., Roxburg ; Fiiw^ Irvin, Roxburg; 
Fiu'-' Howai'd, Roxbni-g; Fine (reoige, car[)enter, 
Roxburg; Fox John, llarfuony;, Biainards; 
Fitts Mary, Afontana ; Fangl)oner .\bram, Montana; 
Flynn Patrick, Montana; Fuller Wm, C, mill, 
llartnony ; Fry John, Brainards ; Fnlse Jacob, labor- 
er, Ihainards; FvW/. W'^tti., llainiony ; Fr>' Isaac, 
Harmony; l-'ulkei' Peter, billiard hall, Roxl)urg. 

Gross Edmund, laborer, Montana ; (xross Daniel, 
Montana; (ri-oss George W., laborer, Montana; Gar- 
i-en, Daniel hlaeksniitli. Harmony; German J. D., la- 
bor.M-, .Montana ; Gieen llosea, Montana ; (la.rr's Jacob, 
Harmony: Grotz Jacob, retired, Roxburg; Gross 
Wm., laborer, Roxbu.[g; Gardner George B., Brain- 

ROPE, TWIME, etc.. at WADE BROS. Hackettstown. 

THE LE AST MONEY !i r NORTON'S, Eastoiij Pa 


ards; G arris Reuben, laborer,'Brianards ; Gray Geo. 
W., laborer, Stewart^ville ; Gardner Mathias, oarpen- 
tel, Harmony. 

Hoiisman Michael, laborer, Stewartsville ; Hager 
George, Montana ; Hixon Wm., Montana; Holden 
John, gristmill, Harmony; Hineline M. B., carpet 
weaver, Harmony ; Handlong John, mail carrier, Har- 
mony ; Horner Sarah E., retired, Montana ; Hineline 
Samuel V , huckster. Harmony; Hildenbrand Jacob, 
laborer. Harmony ; Howel. John, Harmony; Hulshi- 
zer Milton, laborer, Roxburg; Hulshizer David, stone 
mason, Roxburg ; Hof acker Peter, laborer, Roxburg; 
Hiles Samuel Sr., retired, Roxburg; Hiles Samuel 
Jr., Roxburg; Harper George, laborer. Harmony; 
Hnwk Wm., Harmony ; Hess Berualdo. Brainards; 
H'ff Benjamin, Brainards; Hoff Moses, stonemason, 
Biainarls; Hoff Henry, Bernards; Hoft' Abel H., 
Brainards; Hoii \\ m. P., Brainards; Hoff Wm. S,, 
railroader, Brainards; Hoff' Jacob, laborei', Brainards; 
Hess Benjamin, Harmony ; Hatnlin Prank, huckster, 



Harmony; Howey Charles, laborer, Harm'^ny; Hill 

Edwcird, Roxl)urg. 

Jumper Catharine, laborer, Roxburg; Jumper 
Amo><, laborer. Brainards. 

Kinifey Robert C, carpenter, Harmony; Kinne/ 
Wesley, Harmony; Kinney John, Harmony : Knlins 
Mary A., laborer, Harmony ; Kneiper William, Har- 
m>ijy ; Kline Peter, S., retired, Harmony; Kline 
Peter Jr., retired Harmony; Koch Charles C., Brain 
ard ; Kent James P., Roxburg. 

Lamb Edw^aid, minister, Mont ma ; Love Anna T., 
retired, Harmony ; Loughran Edward, Montana ;Lom- 
mason Williiii, laborer, Roxburg; Luty Samuel, 
laborer, Harmony; Lightcap Levi, Roxburg; Lii^lit- 
cap Irvin, la orer, Roxr)urg ; Lomm isson George H , 
laborer, Brainlird ; Lightcap Peter, laborer. Harmony. 

McElroy Frank, blacksnith. Harmony; Meyers 
Banie'. Montana; Metz Benjamin, Hai-mony ; Me'< 
singer Benjamin, Phillipsburg ; Melroy Elijah, car- 
penter, Roxburs: ; Metz William K., Roxburg; Mc- 

Lv>kA^/vwrn 9 MaI^ 205NortbamptonSt., Eastnn. Pa. Thn nj- 
AllCirewS Mr IN oil, liablft HOUSE for [Mourning Gooas. 

.III. ilUn I Uli, Hardware, Stoves and Housefurmshmg 

Cra,eken James, con <lnble. Koxbiiro;; Mnrtenis Ralph. 
Harmony; Metz H'mu \-*, Hannony ; .M-Tiilt William, 
retired, Braiiiaid ; Mackey Josepli. Harmony; Mel- 
lick Henry, retired, Phillipslmro- ; Mellick "Moses D., 
retired. PlJillij)sburK ; 'tliller .1. W.. Surveyor, Har- 
mony ; Miller A iizie, Harmony ; Miller Henry Y., 
Harmony; Miller Jam^s, retired. Harmony; Miller 
John, retired. Harmony; Miller John H., retired. 
Harmony; Miller John M., laborer. Harmony; Miller 
Irvin, . liarmony ; Mille]' Martha. Harmony; Miller 
Siunucl B., labore , Harmony; Miller Frederic, 1;:- 
borer, Brainards ; Mutchler (xarner H., retired. Har- 
mony ; Muchler W. Newton. Harmony; McCracken 
Levi, laborer, Roxbnrg. 

Osmun Jonas, carpenter, Montana; Ott Leonard, 
Hainiony; Oberly Anthony, retired, Bi-ainard. 

Pearson William, Montana ; Piggott John, Mon- 
tana ; Pigg )tt Kdward, Ilarnumy ; Post Rol)erl, la- 
borer, Roxbnrg ; Petty Ro])ert, laborer, Roxburg; 
Probasco Daniel, laborer, Roxburg; Probasco Charles, 


shoenjaker. Harmony ; Price Harvey, laborer, Rox- 
buig; Price Abnei-, laborei-, R()xl)urg; Petty Samuel, 
Roxhiirg; Petty Allied, Harmony. 

Read Isaac, laboi-er, Ihainards ; Rush Jacob F., 

No. 22 Union Square, or 327 Washington St. 
I=»nixjijiipst:i3xjn.c3r, i>a-. o". 


The EpilaWc Life kmnm Society of tlie United States, 

rill' S'l'l(0\<il''ST «VU MOSi KII.UIII.I lOIII'kW IN nil WOKI.II 

1«!*>-'IH H>;i).<IOU,l)<l)l 


\K»\ 111 r<l\KsN IN ISH,-,. #'.l(!.(ll l.;i;s 

NK» III MNAHS KIIII1I .l\NI (in Til .11 l.t IsMMtMl! • ji.-.II.OIIII.IIIIU 

H in Ihr oriiji iiiitnr o/llir /Hi/mliir SeiH J ' "^0111 J ne '""' oHlvv hlliifOVed 
J'orilis o/iioii-I'of/filiiitf I'tilirifs. atiil liiia iirrrr riiiiltslt'd ii jioli)-//. 

Send for Estimates for yourself. 

Montana; Raul) Abjam. Harmony; Rice Noah, rail- 
roader. Brainards; Rush Lewis S.', Montana ; Ramsey 
William, Stewartsville; Rush Jacob, laborer, Mon- 

iN^FALUbLE Dyspeptic Remedy. ^ """^ "'''-' "" i^y«p«p«'^^"sicTTr 

Nervous Headache. Guarauteed, 

?^f-f^,^:r''r.^,"';? NORTON'S Eastoii, Pa. 


tana; Radle Ludwig, Montana; Radle Christ ()i)her, 
laborer, Montana; Rush Abrani F., Montana; Raesly 
Danie], bhicksniith, Montt^na^ Rush Emanuel. Mon- 
tana : Rush Rnl|)h, mercliant, Montana ; Riisli Geo. 
AV., Montana ; Rush David B., Montana , Ru:>}i Levi 
F., Montana; Ross John. Uiboier, Harmony; Rush 
John D., Montana; Rush Jolm J., Montana: Rush 
J<:»hn M., hiborer, Montana; Ratnsey (Jharles. mer- 
c\vAnt, Harmony; Rush Daniel F., Montana; Rush 
Peter, P., laborer, Roxbnrg ; Rush William C. Har- 
mony ; Rice Silas, laborer, Phillipsbur;L>- ; Ross Wil- 
liam, stone mason. Harmony; Reilly William. Har- 
mony; Rice Anthony, laborer, Phillipsburg ; Raub 
L^.vi, Biainards ; Raub Jesse, Brainards ; Rice Clias., 
Phillipsburg; Robins Peter, laborer, Roxbnrg; Rush 
Petei' R.. carpenter. Harmony; Rasner Simon. Rox- 
bnrg; Rinehait Samuel, Montana; Roseberry John, 
Harmony; Reilly Henry, Brainards; Rush Amzie. 
Montana; Burd Ann, M(mtana ; Rush James D., 
Montana ; Rush Alfred, carpenter. Harmony ; Reilly 

i A 1 1 EAI* y^QEASTO W, PA. Largest Store, ;Largest 

&.IIUDHUI1 O Assortinents,',and One^^rice tO All 

Warner, laborer. Brainards; Rush Qho. W.." Rox- 

Smith James R. , laborer. Harmony ; Schreiber 
August, laborer, Stevvartsville ; Simons Robert. Stew- 
artsville ; Sapp Charles, Montana; Simons H^nry. 
merchant. Harmony ; Sheridan Margaret, retiivd. Har- 
mony; Stiles Hannalj. retired. Harmony ; Smith David 
B., laborer, Montana ; Smith Pet^^r, stone mason. Har 
mony ; Smith Adam R.. stonemason, Montana : Smith 
Tunis, carpenter, Montana ; Stabp J(^hn, Hai-mony ; 
Snyder Philip, laborer. Harmony; Stii'es TCber. la- 
borer, Harnjony ; Snyder James, Harmony; Stout 
David B.. carpenter, Harmony; Stout John, Phillips- 
burg; Stout Jacob, railroader. Phillipsbui'g : Smiili 
Kleanor, I'ftired, Roxbnrg: Scadding Auiiustus, 
Roxbnrg; Sndth Isaac J., Montana; Shulai- William, 
Roxbnrg; Steel Vend el, Roxbnrg; Stires Alexander, 
laborer, Roxbnrg; Stull Mary, retired. Roxbui^r : 
Stull (leorge, merchant, Roxbnrg; Shultz James, la 
borer, Brainards; Shimer Jacob, retired, Brainards: 

AHiflDEU/Q 9. Nni C 20.')Nort1iamproiiSi:., Miston. Pa. H<4\ the 
HIlUnLVVO Ob llULr, best Black ivml Colored Silks. Guaranteed. 

.III. ilUn I Uli, Hardware, Stoves and Housefurnishing 


Smith Aaron B., carpenter, ]Harmony ; Smith Nancey, 
retired. Brainards; Seguine James, painter, Mon- 

Teel Henry, retired, Haimony ; Thatcher Joseph, 
laborer, Montana. 

Un.ingst Catharine, retired, Stt wartsville ; Unangst 
David, laborer. Harmony. 

. Vannatta Wm., retired, Harmony; Vannatfa Al- 
exander, laborer, Roxburg : Vannatta Samuel, Rox 
bnrg ; Vannatta Roderic, Roxburg; Vannaita James 
D., Roxbm-g ; Vannatta Sila.s B., Justice of Peace, 
Brainards; Vannatta Geoige, agent, Brainards ; Van- 
natta John R., Harmony. 

Wolf Henry, Stewartsville; Wolf John, Stewarts- 
ville; AVolf Lida, laborer, Stewartsville; Wilkins H. 
A. laborer, Stewartt^ville ; Woolever Barnabas. Mon- 
tana; Williamson Jacob, laborer. Harmony ; 'William- 
son John, laboier, Harnumy ; Woolever Levi, laborei', 
Brainaids ; Warman Lev., Montana; Wainer Benj , 
Montana ; Werkheiser Jerry, laborer, Phillipsburg; 


LiiUDAun 0; JJciMUii, rrt. dress goods. Nf:w .oods daily. 

Williams John, painter. Harmony ; Woolever Phili]), 
labor- r, Harmony ; Woodruff Isaac, blacksmith, Rox- 
Imrg; Werkeiser John, Brainards. 



Oiiara iilccs ii lliur()ii,i;li course ot training lo every patron. 
Our school is without doulM one of the oldest and best in the United 
States Formerly known as T. IL Stevens' Institute of Business and 
Finance, and Knouss' Insliiute of Business. We claim to advance a 
Iiu|(il more rapidly than any oilier stiliool in this section, Irom the sim- 
ple I'aci tnai our meliiods are nrlini/, /lusiiicxs and tnus a pupil will realize 
at once. Our rales of tuition and board are reasonable and within liie 
reach of all. Ourcatalogue, handsomely illustrated, is second to none 
of any .school in the U. S. Send lor it. " 


Young Isaac, Roxburg; Young Peter, Roxburg; 
Y'oung Wm,, Harmony ; Young Peter, Harmony; 
Young S^m])le, Harmony ; Young Gfeorge, clerk, 

ANORFW^Jt NOI F '^"•''^ Nortliamplon St., Easton, Pa. Sell the 
MilUIILir O Ob IIULI, best lilaek and Colored Silks. Guaranteed. 



Ys » 

/ ^DEPENDENCE, located in the eastern part of the county, is 
V Ixmmled on the uortliwest by Frelinghuysen ; on the northeast 
— »_ ' l».v Allainiichy ; on the southeast by Hackettstown and Mans- 
fiehl ; and on the west and north by Manstield and Hope. It contains 16.8« 
square miles, or 10,836 acres, and has a population of about 1100. The 
Morris canal is the dividing line between Independence and Haclcetts- 
towu, and the Jenny Jump mountains between Independence and Fre- 
linghuysen. The Pequest River crosses the township from northeast to 
southwest, and witli its many tributaries supplies it well with water, 
and tits it for agricultural products. Tlie Lehigh & Hudson K. K. the township just a little north of the centre. 

The land in Independence is very uneven, being composed in the 
soiulieasiern part of ranges of hijfh hills and deep gullies. 

•'On the road leadmg from Hackettstown, northwest to Vienna— a 
ste:'|) hill, ncaily a mile long has to be surmounted. When tlic top is 
reached tbc land is Ibuud to be rolling, \n\\ laid out in good farms. As 
Vieiuia is a|iproachfd, a long bill is descende*! fully a mile in length. 
'I'liiMi the hcaiuilnl valley <if the PcC|uest is reached, when- may be seen 
some of the finest fiirnis in the c(Hintry. Rough as the uplands are they 
atfonl abundant crops. The soil i> largely composed of limestone on the 
hills and hillsides; in the \ alleys is a dark loam and needs but little 
cultivation to J)e made to produce nu)st beautifully. The "Jenny 
Jump" mountains is a high range of hills l)ordering the towu.ship on the 
northwest. The origin of its name is a matter of tiadition. Probably 
the must ridiuble account is that as an old .settler was driving down the 
steep side of the mountain his team becaiiK; unmanageable, and being in 
great danger of being capsized, lie called to his wife name was 
Jenny, to jump — wliich she did, thereby .saving her life. Be this as it 
may, the mountains have boin this name far back of the memory of any 
living man." 


Thfic is :in abiimlance of limestone throughout the h)\vnshif>, large 
quautities of which are quarried foi' fertilizing purposes. The soil of 
nearly all the farming laud is composed of this disintegrated limestone. 
The rock extends from the Pecpiest Valley well up the sloi)e of the hill- 
sides, wljere a dark slate crops oul. There is an abundance of iron ore 
in vai'ious parts of the township, although not worked to any great ex- 
tent . 

Vienna. Danville and Petersburg are the three villages located in the 
township. Vienna is situated one mile southeast of Danville, and is a 
pleasant village of about ;$00 inhahiiaids. It was settled at a very early 
date. Danville is located in the western part of the township near the 
Hope township line. It has fewer inhabitants than its more beautiful 
neighbor, Vienna. Petersburg is a small hamlet of half a dozen houses. 

There are three churches in the township viz: The Pecpiest Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church : the Danville Presbyterian Church, and the 
Christian CInuch, at Vienna. TI.e Methodist Churcii was {)rojected in 
1^10, but was not finished till 1S34. The site for the church was pur- 
chased of John Cummins for the siuii yf thirty dollars. Prior to 1810, 
the Methodists held meetings in the old slime house of Mr. Philip Cum- 
mins. Here Mishop .\sb\iry occasionally stayed and preached. It is 
said that this was the first Methodist Church in what was then Sussex 
county. A new church in winch the congregation now worship, was 
built in tHr»5. The Danville Presbyterian Church was formerlv an out- 
post or mission connected with the HackettstoWn Ghtnch. In 1824 a 
stone church was built, ;iid in ISO^ it was remodelled to its present con- 
dition — one of liie most beaiitifid and comfoitable in the Presbytery. 
The Christian Oltiuch was first organized at Caddington, now called 
Petersburg, in 18;{'.l, and the present church at Vienna built in 1858. 

The drainage of the Great Meadows was a great thing for Indepen- 
dence, and some of the finevi and most iirofitabh; land in the State is no\r 
cviltivated wiieie formerly was simply marsh and Ixjg. Tiure are three 
schools in Independence townshii>, viz : Vienna, Danville and Peters, 
' btirg with a total of 200 scholars. 

The Washington Review, 

The Largest, Clieajx^st and Best Pa})cr 
iiiWarreii county. $1.00 a Year. 


Township Directory. 

All whose mcation is not mentioned are farmers. 

Avers Nelson E., Hackettstown ; Avers Isaac, 
Hackeftstown ; Avers Theodorn, Vienna; Ayers Wil- 
liam, Hackettstown ; Ayers James, Hackettstown ; 
Ayers Ro})ert, Jr., Vienna; Albertson C. H., general 
business. V^ienn;i ; Ayers David, Hackettsto^vn ; Aber 
George, mason. Vienna; Ayers Wm. A., Hacketts- 
town; Ayers Roberr, Sr., Hackettstown ; Aimer Ed- 
ward, cabinet maker and undertaker, Danville; Aber 
Caleb, lal^orer, V^ienna ; Alter Isaac, stone-mason, 
VipiDia ; Aber Andrew, mason. Vienna; Allen Mary 
A., householder, Vienna ; Allen Robert, laborer, 
Vienna; Ackley Archibald, Hackettstown; Ayers 
Andrew, Hackettstown; Allen Jacob C, Hacketts- 
town ; Ackley James, Hackettstown. 

Ball Theo., Danville; Barry Lemuel, laborer, Dan- 
ville; Burdgn P., laborer. Danville ; Bird Ed., P., Dan- 

l^ilRAI^U'CEASTOW, PA. Largest Store, Largest 
LnUoMlJll O Assoi Liiicnts, and Oriel* rice to All 

ville; Bird iSteward, Vienna; Boyd James, Vienna; 
Boofman John, mouldHi, Vienna; Bnlgin Edwin 
G., Vienna; liailron Elislia, shoemaker, \'ienna; 
Bartrun Rhuel, shonniaker, Vienna; Baylor Samuel, 
blacksmith, Hackettstown; Biirk Alexander, lalior- 
er, Hackettstown; Barker Wm. J., miller, Vienna; 
Bartoe Andrew, house paintei-. Vienna ; Banghart 
Nelson, laborer, Danville; Betsoji Stephen, laborer, 
Danville; Bayley John. Hackettstown; Bay ley Geo. 
Hackettstown ; Barker Charles, Plackettstown ; Bry- 
ant Robert Rev., minister, Danville; Bartoe Charles, 
laborer, Hackettstown ; Bangliart Nelson, laboi-er, 
Hackettstown; Bash Cliarles R., house- ])ainter, 
Vienna; Burdge Josex)li, laborer, Danville; Bennett 
Charles, bartender, Danville ; Bescherer John, laboier, 

Cook Joseph, railroad labfuer, Hackettstown ; Cum- 
mins Johnson .3., Vienna; Cummins Geo. ()., Vienna ; 
Cummins R. Ayers, Vienna; Clancey Wm. O., 
machinist, V^ienna ; Cummins John F., Vienna ; Cum- 

A*^r5*^/^▼w< J? \TAlf 'iCiNortliarapton St., Eastftn. Pa, The re- 
AliUreV/^i Qtt IN Oil,^ HOUSR for Mouniing Goods. 

. III. WUn I UIM, Hardware, Stoves and HousefnrniBhing. 

mins Andrf-w J.. Vienna : Cnmrains Theodore, Vienna; 
Cnmnn'ns Jacob P., sforekeeper. Vienna: Cimiirmis 
Isaac,. Vienna ; Cnnmiins Nelson, Vienna; Cummins 
Edward. Vienna; Cnnnnins Philetus, Vien a ; Cum- 
mins. Chiistian. Vienna; Cummins Silas. Vienna; 
Cnmmins Polemns. Vienna; Criger David, team 
driver, Danville; ConoverWm. O.. Hackettstown ; Clark 
B., Hackettstown : Cooper Peter, ]a>>orer, Jolmsons- 
bnrg: Cramnu'i- ,lolin ; Coursen Tsetious. 

Deremer Geoitre. nndertaker. Vienna; Devemer 
Charles. car])enter. Vienna; Deremer Steward, laborer, 
Vienna ; DnrmerWm., Vienna : Dolan Mark, lalunvr, 
Vienna: Deremer Daniel. Vienna: Decker Geor.e:'-' ; 
Dnnn Johti. A^ienna ; Delicker Wm.. Hackettstown ; 
Dill Isaac K. . Hackettstown ; Dan Jacob R., Hacketts- 
town : Dnckei' Edm(nid. Hackettstown ; Dilly Gpore^', 
laborer, Hackettstown: Doland Wniiam. laborer. 
A^enna ; Dickerson K. E.. laborer. Hackettstown; 
Drake Nathaniel. A'ienna : D>e Frank, laborer, 
Hackettstown ; Dalrymple Edward. 

LrMUDrly n O every .loHcrirtion. Our Own Mamifacttxre. 

Frashei- George, railroad laborer. Hackettstowti ; 
Fl ming Misses A. and E., retirpd. AM^^nna : Fine 
Isaac, laborer, Vienna; Fleminii' Nelson, Danville; 
Fleminjr Erving,- Vienna : Frace Jf)hti. Hack*^Mstown ; 
Frace Isaac, Hackettstown ; Frace George. Hacketts 
toHTi ; Fisher Jacob, Vienna. 

Grace Michael, laborer. Hacketif-^^town ; Grey ("has., 
laborer, Hackettstown ; Gieen John, hotel i)ro|).. 
Danville; Gnlick AValter, groceryman, Vienna; 
Gnlick Ezra P., general business, A^ienna ; Goodrich 
Amedis, merchant. Danvilh^ ; Grandin William, labor- 
er, Danville; ({lobe Pliilii>. blacksmith. Danville. 

HolTman David, blacksmith. AMenna; Howell H. H. 
painter. Vienna; Howell (Teorge. Vienna; Howell 
JfJin. merchant, A^ienna ; TTowell Aaron, Vienna; 
Howell Henjamin, Vienna ; Hance James. Vienna ; 
Hall IVnjamin. bending business, Vienna; Homadue 
Edward, Ha(^kettstoAvn ; Huntsman A. J., can^enter, 
Vienna: Hart Joseph, laboj-er, AHenna ; Hann Jere- 
miah, Danville; Hance W. P. . AHennM : Howell Nel- 

Exlra duality CaryiiiE \\m aM forts; at Wad^ BroL Hackettstown. 


^NORTON'S, Easton, Pa 


son, Vienna : Howell Wm.. Vienna: Hofffnan Jolin, 
Hacksmith, Vienna ; Hill Theodore. Vienna: Heath 
Kninnnel, Vienna : Hart Wni. Vienna"; Heniy John, 
lahoi'er. Hackettstown : Henry Alfred, Daiirille; 
Henry George, Banville : Henry Philip, Danville. 

Inscho Levi, laborer, Vienna; Inscho David B., 
laborer, Vienna. 

Johnson Samuel Hackettstown ; Johnson Oakly, 
teacher, Hackettstown ; Johnson James, teacher, 
Vackettstown : Johnson Rev. W. M., Vienna. 

Kipp John, laborer, Hackettstown; Ketcham Mor- 
ns, Hackettstown: Keeeran Jacob, Hackettstown; 
Kennady Daniel, merchant, Danville; Ketcham John 
F.. Vienna; Kinney Georo-e, Vienna; Linnaberry J. 
A., Hackettstown; Linnaberry J. N., Hackettstown ; 
Lanu'don Jacob Y,. Danville ; Letson Jonah, mason, 
Vienna: Leigli Isaac, Danville; Leio-]i Aaron B.. jieii- 
eral i>nsiness, Danville : Laikins Patrick, Vienna ; 
Lafaucherie John C, assessor, Hackettst-twn : Leigh 
Daniel, Vienna : Leigh Isaiah, Vienna ; Leigli Milton, 

Vienna; Milten Henry, Danville; Martin (Tuisto- 
7)her, tanner, Hackettstown ; Martin James H. tannei-, 
Hackettstown ; McLanghlin John, school t<'acher, 
Vienna: Merrell Lewis E.. Vienna; Merrell l.eAisE. 
]abr)rer, Vienna; Martin Robert, laborer. \'ienna ; 
Mitchell Wm., Vienna; Mitchell Samuel, Vienna; 
Meriell John, carpenter, Danville: Mitchell Henry, 
Vienna: Mahoney Patrick, laborer, Hackettstown: 
Merrell George B., laborei', Vienna ; Martin R. L.. la- 
borer, Vienna; Martenis George, Vienna; Martenis 
Wm., Vienna; Marlatt John, Vienna; Merrell Frank, 
Vienna : Morris George, Vienna. 

Osmun James, laborer, Vienna; Osmun Wm. 
trucker, Vienna ; Ovv Jose|)h, laborer, Danville. 

Park JamesH., laborer, Hackettstown: Park G«^mi,. 
laborer. Hackettstown: Park John, Vieiitia; Park 
Wm.. Vienna; Park Charles, Vienna; Paik David, 
Vienna; Pierce John, Hackettstown ; Pieice Charles, 
Vienna; Park Elisha, Vienna; Pendy Michael, lal)oi-- 
er, Ha -kettstown ; Park Samuel. Vienna: Park Ed- 
ward. Vienna : Park Buckley. Vienna : Park Tlieo-. 

t VnTJ'PMTr' 9 WftT TT Proprietors of the "DOWN TOWN" 
iiiliillLWu UL riUiii Dry Goods House, 205 Northampton 
•tMM**MiiM *^ MVM* ^ 3troet, Easton. Pa 

H M NnRTflM yyi1^*T/KSAhr, A\1i liFT til. nEALKR JN 

n. III. nun I lill, Hardware, Stoves and Housefurnishing. 



Quinn Hii^li, Jaborer, Hackettstown ; Quick Caleb, 
carpenter, Vienna ; Quick Gee ro-e, laborer, Vienna. 

Roberts Wni.. Hackettstown ;' Repp Pliillip. Dan- 
ville; Ro- Dr. Jacob J., Vienna; Roe Dr. Wm J., 
Danville; Reed John. Danville; Raub Jacob, laborer. 
Vienna ; Reaves E. W., A'ienna ; Rodgers Frank, la- 
borer, Danville; I'ierce Patrick, laborer. Hacketts- 
town; Pyle^ Joseph, Vienna; Slvker Jacob S., Vien- 
na ; Shields Jacob. Vienna; Swianton Rev E.. Hack 
ettstown ; Swianton John, miller, Hackeitstown ; 
Smith James, Hackettstown ; Sigler Stilson, mer- 
chant, A'if.nuM : Shackelton L. R., laborer, Vienna; 
Smith Peter, Vi'^nna; Smith Nelson, lal)orer. Vienna ; 
Smith Chaj-les, Vienna; Schenk Lewis, Vienna; 
Schrumpf Jolui G., Vienna: Sutton Erving, Vienna ; 
Sutton Martin, laboier, Vi^^nna; Sullivan John, la- 
borer, A' ienna ; Sullivan John, laborer, Vienna ; Sim- 
anton Andrew, Vienna ; Schenk John J., Vienna; 
Sutton John, Vienna; Sheets Stewart. Vienna: 

:'^M.-^Ay ^V " ) JjtlhLi m) fd. PET HOUS E. BARGAI NS AL\V AYS 

Shackelton J., laborer. Vienna ; Staples David, en- 
gineer, Vienna; Sigler John, Danville; Titus John. 
Danville; Shields John, laboidi-, Vienna. 

Tinsman William. A^ienna ; Tinsman Samuel J., 

Vreeland William, dealer in stock. Danville; Vree- 
land Garrett, trucking, Danville; Vreeland Henry. 
Danville; Vansyckle Abram, A'ienna; A^annatta Jo?'., 
Hackettstown; A^'^nsyckle John P., Justice of the 
Peace. Danville ; A^an Buskirk Sarnh, retired, Danville; 
V^an Buskirk Aaron, Vienna. 

Wise Morris H., Hackettstown ; AVinchell Timothy, 
school teacher, Hackettstown; AVhitesell Albert, 
laborer. Vienna; AVhitesell Ogden constable, Vienna ; 
Whitesell Jacob, A^ienna : AAHieelei' Peter, Allamuchy ; 
Wilson ?:ii, laborer, A^ienna ; AVHlson Richard, stone 
mason, \'ienna ; AVilson Geo., HacKettstown ; Wolf 
Daniel, A^ienna. 

A'oung Thomas, A^ienna. 

ANflRPW^)^ Nfll F '■iOGN..rth:.nii)fnnSt.. K;,sto)i. Pa.' Sftllthe 
nriUIILIIOCbllULr,|,est l'.la<-l, :.n.l < 'olor. .1 Siiks Oiiarauteed. 


NOWLTON is one of the three northern townships of the 
county, and whose northern houudary is formed by the 
Ivittalinny Mountains. It was formed from Oxford in 17G4, 
at wliich time it embraced parts of Hope and Blairstown townships. 
The name of the township is said to be derived from the appearance of 
its surface. It is bounded on the north by Paliaquarry, on the east by 
Blairstown, on the soutli by Hope and Oxford, and on the west by the 
Delaware Hiver. It has an area of 25.1o square miles or 16,083 acres of 
land. This township presents a considerable variety of surface. Along 
the Delaware, and in the valley of the Paulinskill, the soil is rich and of 
alluvial formation, while along the mountains in the north it is mostly 
a gravelly loam and less fertile. The soil in the southern part of the 
township varies with the location. The surface of the township is 
uneven, having upon it a large number of small knolls or hills, some of 
which an- limestone knobs. From this tact the townsliip was written 
foi a numiicr of years as h'/toU-\o\\n. The principal .streams ol Kuowl- 
toii arc. tin; Paulinskill w tiifji crosses the central portion of the town- 
ship in a southwestern direction and cmplies int<» tlie Delaware; Yard's 
Creeii., a iribwtarv of 111.' i'aiiliii^kill : and Sliawpocussing and Centre- 
ville (Greeks, botli tribularif^s ot the Delaware. The New Jersey side of 
the famous Delaware Water Gap, is in the northwestern part of this 

The first settlers were Germans who came here to enjoy religious lib- 
erty. Among these pioneers was (me Robeson, whose son was shot by 
the Indians while endeavoring to cross the river at the point now known 
as "Robeson's Rift." In honor of this son the rift was named. 

The chief business of this township is farming, though the slate fac- 
tories, bending works, etc., carry on an amount of trade worthy of 

i'resL'Ul p(jpuliilii)n ;!bout 2,1)00. 

Among the towns are the following: Ramsaysbu rg, located along th« 
Delaware in the southwestern part of the township, and was namtKl in 


honor of Jimips ami Adam Ramsay who were the pioneer settler8 of the 
lowu, localiui,^ here in ITW;"). A pioneer Episcopal, and a i)ioneer Bap- 
tist clmrdi, were built here. Tlie chief business of tlie place at present 
is carried on in the steam saw-mill. 

Delaware Slalion, also located in the southwestern part of the town- 
ship, on the I). T.. v^ \V. R.R. and at the southern terminus of the 
Blairstown division ol the N. V. it S. railroad, a town of recent date. 
It is beautifully and favorably located, and is an enterprisinc: town. 
The land upon wliich the villftije stands was purchased by Hon. John 1. 
Blair, and in \XW s\irvey('d into scpiares and building lots. It has at 
present stores, churches, bendinu- works, a post oftice, public school, 
blacksmilh shn|), li(>u.'l. R.K. station and restaurant. 

Hainesbiu;;, an -'old time" villa,<>e located on the PauiinskJH, foij 
ndles from its continence with the Delaware, and about tlie same 
distance Irom Columbia It was named in honor of John Haines, one 
of the pioneer settlers of the place. It has a church, store, blacksmith 
shoi)s, post ollice, scliool, hotel,, grist mill, and depot of the N. Y. A: S. 
R.R. Als') some other small business places. 

Ocntreville, in the southwestern part of tlie township, about hree 
miles from Hainesburg. It was once quite a pubic ceutei' foi' the sui'- 
rounding country, from which it probably derived its name. It has at 
pre.seni a blacksmilh .shop, store and post office, known as Knowlton 
P. (). 

I'olkville, situated about a mile and a half from Centreville. The 
place is nanunl in honor of James K. Polk, duiing whose administra- 
tion tlie post office was established. It has a store, post office and 

Warrington, on the Paidinskill, and about liajf way between Haines- 
burg and the Delaware Itivei', also on the N. V. iV S. 1{.R. There are 
here a grist mill, lilaiksinith sli(i|i, lioiil liuildini:', |>osi otlictf and IM{, 

(Jolnmbia, in the central wtistern part of the towii^hiii on the Dda- 
wure, is situated on a plane about 40 ft. above ilic river levc!, Ii has 
one f)f the finest locaiiinis iinagin:ili|i , ami \s,is once i(iiili' niicrpi ising, 
fmt at present it is very mnch wanting in liial |i.i) liciiliir. ( Jia-sblitwintf 
was once carrii-d on here. At the iirescnt time il h;is a chuicli, two 
stores, post office, hotel, saw niill df pdt of the .New VnrK and Susque- 
baiuia R. R.. and .school. 

]So. of .schools in the township, 7. Scholars, 412. 


Township Dirfxtory. 

All whose cocalion is not mentioned are farmers. 

A ten Juhri J., 1m borer, Warrington ; Angle Mrs. 
Ja<-ol», mill owner, Warrinolon ; Angle Eliza, donie^^- 
tic, Delaware; Atchiey Susan, lioiise holder, War- 
I'ingron ; Albert S. R., Columbia; x'^nderson Jnmes, 
saloDU keej)er, Delaware ; Adams George, Delaware; 
Adams 1). C. Delaware; Adanis Sarah. Delaware; 
Addis Wm. C. Delaware; Albertson Mrs. H. lionse 
htkler, Delaware; Albertson Philix>. Delaware; Al- 
onrtson Levi, wh'elwrigkr, Delaware ; Albertson John 
H., Delaware; Al ertson J(»hn G., DeUiwaie; Albert 
son Henry, Delaware; All)ertson Samuel, Polkville; 
Allen .lat-ob, mail carrier, Haines'ourg; Aiiclre.*<s 
.la<«ol». meichant, Hainesbuj'g ; Andress Josejjh. gen 
tiniDau, Huinesburg ; Andress Wm. laborer, Haines 
burg; -dams AVm. S., railroad SHction master. 
Hainesbu]-g: 4^ngle Emni;i. teacliei-, Delaware; An 

I i^iilliify^C^-'^^"^^'^'"^^- A=arge»^ ^\.^x^, largest 

^MIluAUil 9 Assortments, and One rice to All 
derson (Jalviii, .MMr))le cutter, DeknA-^are ; Aii<l<'rs«u 
^ar!«iliall. niarl)le cutter, Delaware ; Anth( iiy .leiie. 
sM'ller. Delaw.-iiv; Anjmei-nian Waid, bhu-ksmith, 
Dehiwsire; Aninieinian Albert, blacksmith, Dela- 
ware; Allen M. C, Delaware; Al)ei's Edward, Dela 
warp; Angh-.l. ^Ve^ley Sr.. gentleman. Polkville; 
.4«5fl«» .1. AV. .fr.. agvMit nd openUor Is. Y. S. di: 
\\'. R. K.. ColuiiiMa ; Angh. Sarah, householder, Del- 
awi:re ; Angle E., dc^mestic, Delaware; Angle J. G., 
Dekiware'. Angle David C Delaware; Ayers Daniel 
h'ltelkeejter. Delaware; Albert Samuel, laborei' Kjinwl- 
ton ; Aten Philip, ial»orer. Warrington; An^-lc" A. \,. 
■ telegraph ojierator, Debt ware : Angle Catharine, (io- 
mestJc, Delawaj-e ; Albertson Elbei't C, Polkville; 
Allen Sarah, carpet weaver, Hainesburg; Aben Helen, 
carpet weaver, Hainesbiiig ; Abers Wm., laborei'. 

Bebis Snyder, Cobunbia; Bruglei' Triim bower, (^ob 
innbia ; Bruglei- Frank, Colum-ia; Brngler Peter, 
Columbia; Brugler Peter M., Columbia; 13rugler J. 

Ay, J «-,,«.« '\^f^i 205 NoHliampton St. , Eastern, Pa. 
AlilireWS Or IN Oil, liaWn house for Mo.irniugi 

The r(?. 

HM KinDTHIU ^^hotjKsaTjK AVi> retail dbalek is 
.III. llUn I Uns, Hardware, Stoves and Housefurnishiug. 

3^8 K^JO^^a/^ON township. 

M-, Columbia : Brngler Trven, Columbia ; Bniglni* 
W. H., bibovev, Cohimbia ; Brnj^ler Woo<l!oyv 

Undertaker and P. M., Columbia rBnigler Henrj (t., 
Col mbia; Brnglei Andrew R.., Columbia; Bmgler 
George, laborer, Columbia; Bmgler Henry, Colinu- 
bia ; Bvnglpr b>dw:;rd. Justice of Pt'ace, Hainesbuj-g ; 
Refills .\. .I.J)l;u'ksmith, Hainpsburg; Bellis Wm. C. 
carpenter. Hainesburg ; Bellis John M , Avheelwright; 
Ppllis Nelsnn L.. Pollvvjlle ; Bellis Mrs. A., house- 
h(Jder. T)pla\vni>' : Bellis Wm., ^elpgrapll o])erator, 
'D' Jaware ; Rollis Aitiiie, Dressmaker, Belawarf^; 
Brands DeWirt. laborer, Warrington ; Brands Jabnz 
(t,, Warring-ton ; Bands Wm., Warrington; Brands 
J:imes, Df-l:w:ir»' ; Brands Isaac, Delaware; Biands 
A B.. D^'la ware ; Brands Abram, Del.-iware; Bi^nds 
David B.. Polkville ; Brands Nelsc>ii L.. Bainsburg ; 
Brinds Le-wis C, laborer, Polkville; Br.-inds J. F., 
Df^l;.warf; Brands David A., Delaware ; Biauds W. 
D. machine agont, Columbia ; Brands Peter. Dela- 
wrirf^ ; l)raiids Ma)y Ellen, teacher, Delaware ; Beck 

I flllRAf^U'^ ^'•'^^'^^^' ^- ^■''^^^^KS aiul WRAf'S of 
LMUOM^al '3 •:'veiy doscnption. Our Own Manufacture, 

J. J., HaiPfslnig; Beck Mashall, Hainesbnrg; Be(k 
Kli/abpth. honsfholde'r, Hainesbrirg; Beck Jeliiel. 
TTainc'^biirfj- ; Be-k John Sr., Hainesbnrg; f^e- k J<»hn 
L Jr-. Ilain<^-b! rg; Beck Abram, Hain<sbui'g; Beck 
J*hilip. Ilainc^t !>urg; Beck Htinry, }Iniiies])urg; Beck 
Matthias. 11 iii'^>buTg; Beck Theodore, Ra.incsburg ; 
Be-ck Jacob 1'., blacksmith, TTainesburg; Billings 
Lewis, Flai)ip^!)urg ; Baird Geo. N\ gf-ntlnman, Dela- 
ware: Hi)(l .K,hn, gentleman, DelaAvare ; Broderick 
J. B.. laborer, Columbia; Berry Patrick, laborer, 
Delaware; Brown ('arlisle, Delaware; Brown John 
L., D-'laware; P)rown Jacob, laborer, Delaware; 
Bio\\7i Jabe/,, Columbia ; Bogart Samuel, Delaware; 
Bog;irt George, D-laware; Bogai't John, miller, War- 
ringt(.n; Poweis Wm., Delawaie; Bowers Albert, 
Delaware : l>iiMer Ma;yJ., domestic, Delaware; 
RoihI KolK'rt, Physirian, Knowlton ; Brown J. E., 
l.nboier, llaiiiesburg; Rrttwn Joseph Sr., laborer, 
[Tainesburg; B:tnghart .1. A., laborer, Polkville; Blair 
luri ison, Knowlton ; Ihoderick Wm. P., laborer, 

A^n^PWR )2i Nnl F '■^"■"* >^i"'">'"iip*'>" i^l- Iv<'<M>'l>«' I^HrgesMine 
HifUnLllO 00 IIULr) ,.f Silksaml I)r'ss<;u(.(ls()ii E. Nnrtli:imptou 

» luu-Ll J:l. lIlKI. .. L 

I'lir: r$EHT goods for 
TffK LEAST :0o\/:y .n 

^.NORTON'S, Easton,^a 


Columbia; Biich Harvey B., laborer, Polkville'; Brick 
Rl'jhurd. lab(jrf^r, Polkville; ^ Biinkerhuff Edward, 
D^iuwaie; BodirK^ E. E., milliner, Dpiaware; Brands 
(reorge, D=>laware ; Briigler x'Viigiisf us, telegraph oper- 
tor, Delaware ; Bc»y»-r R., laborer, l)elaware; Beck 
George, clerk, Delaware ; Bricli Mary, domestic, 
Kiiowltou ; Bricli Euphemie, domestic, Polkville ; 
Bruwii Joshua, liborer, Hainesburg; Brown'l Wm., 
laborer. Columbia ; Bellis Abi, householder, Colum 
bia ; Brands Edith, dress maker, D-- 1 aware ; Brands 
Amelia, dress maker, Delaware. 

Cool Charles, Delaware; Cool Clark, Delaware; 
Cool Wm., Eelaware ; Cool .^larmhail, assessor, 
Columbia; Cool Sarah, householder, Columbia ; Cool 
J;»hn F. , gentleman, Columbia; Cooper George, la- 
borer, Dunheld; Chambers Frank, carpenter, Dela 
ware; Chamberlain Jacob, Hainesburg; Cramer Ed- 
ward, Delaware; Cramer Catherine, householder, 
Delaware; Cramer Lewis, Columbia; Cramer Robert, 
labf)rer, Columbia; Cramer Jeremiah, Dunfield; 


Cramer George, laborer, Dunfield ; Cummins .Martha, 
Delaware; Craig Wm., Delaware ; Collins Ephraim, 
laborer, Dunfield; Cowell Letitia, domestic, Haines- 

Dewirt Maishall, teacher, Warrington; Gewitt 
Josiah, farmer, Justice of the Peace, Warrington; 
Dewitt Anson, Wamngton ; (jewitt Milton, clerk,; 
Columbia; Dietiick Sylvaiiu.s, laborer, Columbia; 
DietJ-ick V'^alentine, blacksnjith, Columbia; Dietrich 
Wm., gentleman, Columbia; Deitrich Ephraim, 
teacher, Columbia; Dean (reoige, Delaware; Dean 
David, Knowlton ; Dean ADieJl;, laborer, Knowlton ; 
Dean Ph(i>l)e, householder, Delaware ; Denee Alfred 
M., carpenter, Delaware; Davidson John C, Haines- 
burg; Dunfield Jacob. Knowlton; Duntield John, 
Polkville; Dunfield Malvin, Knowlton; Davenport 
C. L., railroad section master, Columbia; Davis R. 
Hamil, Pasioi Presbyterian Church, Delaware; Dugan 
Milton, laborer, Delaware; Decker .John, laborer, 
Dunfinld; Dietrick John laborer, Columbia; Dunn 

All kinds of PAINTS and OILS *» ^^^'^ ««^*' 

• III. liUn lUil, Hardware, Stoves and Housoiiunisliing 
4:00 KNOWLTON ro\v:\siiir. 

Clara, domestic, i)ela\vLii*e; Davidson Alviii, teacliei', 
Hainesburg ; Dickinson Alfred, laborer, Knowlloii ; 
Dickinson Sarah, domcsiic, Knowlroii. 

East Frank, laborej-, Columbia ; East Daniel, la- 
borer, Duntield ; Kast KJla, Duntield; Englet Josepli, 
Polkville; BngJet Henry P., shoemaker. Hainesbtirg; 
Edingei'Jolm K, laborcj, Delaware ; Edinger Elmer. 
ial)orer, Delaware ; Eileiiberger James, tailor, Dela 
ware; Eilenbejger, (xeorge I., laborer, Delaware; 
Elliot Charlotte, householder, Delaware ; Easy Charles, 
mason, Delaware; Easy Ceoi'ge, laborer, Dt- la ware; 
Evans \V^m , laborer, Ounlield; Evans Robei t M., 
teacliei', Duntield; Egberi Ceorge, laborer, Columbia. 

Eell Steven, Hainesbuig ; FluniBiierlel^ Aiiioi^f, 
merchant, Polkville ; Fiummei't'elt Alfied L., carpenier, 
Polkville ; I'^bniiiiierleU Sarah, householder, i'olk 
ville; Fluniinerl'ell JMaorina, householder, Polkville; 
Faunce -John D., genileman, Knowlton ; Foster Wm., 
Cji., mason, Polkville; Hi'/.er Williaui, hotelkeeper, 
Hainesbuig; Friieman xllexander, laborer, Haiues- 


LAuMbn iidblUllj rd, im:t iiouiSE j'.ai^gains alwav?? 

burg; Frutchey Peter, teacher, Columbia. 

Ueise Henry, Columbia; Geise Herman, Columbia; 
Caidener Jose])!) Sr., Columbia; Caidener Joseph, 
liainesburg; (Taidener Hampton, Columbia ; Gaiderier 
John Iv., laborer, (Columbia; Cardener Pliillix) M., 
Columbia; Gilbert E[)liiiani, gentleman, C'olumbi.i ; 
Grisjuillei- Henry, hiborei", Delawajv ; (ir<eii Alilloii, 
Knowlitjii; (jiieeri Ki)hria:n, laboiei', Ivnowlloii ; 
Garrison x\ndre\v, laboivi', Knowlton; Garrison, j\hir- 
tin, Delawaie; (jeloaey John, laborer, Knowlt(<ii; 
(Jrilliih John F., laborer, Polkville; Gariss Floyd, 
laborer, Knowlton; Gibbs Wni., It-achej-, Ibiim^sbilig. 

Hihlebjant I'^reemati. hclawaiv; liihlel)rant Kbner, 
Delawaj'e ; llagejinan S;ir;»h, houstdioldti, Polk^ ilh- ; 
Hagei-man Ellen, lailoress, Polkville ; Hagerman 
Sallie, d'-nn-slic, Po!kville; Ho])h'r .Geoige. laborer, 
i'olkvillc ; ll(.[.lcr A Ir.'it, lai/oi-ei, J'oJkvilie ; liopler 
Abiam, Knowlton; liopler i-'iauk, nuichini 1, Kn(/'.\1- 
ton; Hopler VVm., laborer, Knowlton; Heitsman 
Eii.eline, hcuiseholder, Delaware; Hay Theodore, Dela- 

AXDREWS Ji NIILF ?''°P-r'®*9''8 .of the^^ppWNTOWW 

Dry Goods Hou<^e, 205 Northampton 
Street, Easton, Pa- 



ware; HUhs Jerriniali, Kiiowltori : Hilps Hulelah, 
h •u.-^ehoJd^'i, ivtiowltoii; Hurcliiii-i.ii a. J., lawyer 
:nid faimei-, Dpiawure; tiiitcliiiis;-!! Hartley, lawyer 
.,.Tid farmer, Delaware; Huff James, laborer, K.n<)'wl- 
lori ; Hutc-ijiiiion James, miller, Delaware ; Hutchin- 
r>\>u Wm., geutleuian, Delaware; Ha tchinson Charles, 
miller, Delaware; H-)riib(:'ck Samii«^l, mason, Warring- 
loii; Heater Sulom, n, laborer, Delaware; Henriing- 
WHV Wm. A., agent N. Y. S. & AV. R. li., Delaware 
ihiiiiingway \A'm. H.. agent N. Y. S. & W. R. '.I. 
l)r- aware; Hiint Wellington, <-ou.stal»le, Hainesburg ; 
lluiit Lfeorge, laborer, Hainesburg ; Hall James, Dun- 
tir-td ; Haines .lehiei Knowlton; Harris Adam S,, 
iaiiorei-, Polkville ; Howell John, laborer, Polkvillp; 
ibdlet; loseph, Polkville; Hallet John, Polkville; 
HiiUer, Ulysses, Polkville; Hariung Clias., papei' 
iM^iiiufacturei, Delaware; Hartiing Ail'red, paper 
iij !niifa«jtLirer, Delaware; Hartung Wm. H., paper 
ni'.iinifacturer, Delaware ;• Hartung Robert H., Dela- 
ware; Harfling J. L, laborer, Delaware; Henry K, Dela- 

"fff A XTTUr A ^^ Tf^r Loads in nricos and quality of yootU. 
i^ A. U JbX.A.yy XI, EAS T(,).\. P a. 

vv.;!e; Heurv \Vm , Delaware; Honeywell Margaret, 
li • .seholder. Haiiiesbuig; Heller Edmuiul, Columbia; 
Jii ks Pi;>i('iila, householder, Kiiowlton; Hisioii 
liairy, gfUtlt-man, Iviiowlton ; Hovwy B. F., scIkjoI 
>i.i:e uiaiiui'actiirei', Dunlield ; Hulsizer Aaron, la- 
borer, Delaware; HarLung Albert, laborer, Delaware; 
H;-dd«^n Mary, Delaware; Hall Caroline, householder, 
Duiiiield; Hill Chas., laborer, Coliunbia ; Howell Jan- 
-ori, (dej'k, Polkville; Howell Elwell, laborer, Polk- 

Jones Robert W., Columbia; Jones Jas. P., mer- 
chant, Delaware; Jones Hugh P., laborer, Columbia; 
Jones John (i., laborei-, Columbia; Jones Thomas R., 
siaier, Columbia : Jones Robert R.. Columltia; Jouea R., slatei, Columi)ia; James C. T., heading 
w,yiks, Deiawaie; James Wm. H., bending works, 
r><'laware; Johnson Wm., tailor, Delaware; Johu- 
<^(>ii Samuel, physician. 

Ivinuey John, (/olnmbia; Kinney Geo. S., lalmrer, 
Columbia : Kina-y Lunuei, Columbia ; Kinney Wra. 

IM diiality Cai7iii| h\m uiWu al Mt M,. HacKeltstofu. 

. Ill , ll U n I U If , Hardware, Stoves and Houseftirinshing 

G., Cohimbici ; Kiiuicy Charles, laborer, Hainesburg; 
Kinney JiidscMi, 1 borei', Hainesburg ; Kinney iVlah- 
lon, la'boivr. T)t>laware ; Kitchen Joseph, h)l)orer, Col- 
uinl)ia ; Kitclieii Knuben, genllenian, Columbia; 
Kiff'heii John C , CoUmibia ; KitclK'n Peter, laborer, 
Hainesliuvg ; Kifclu-n \Vtn., Ilftinesbnrg; Kitohen R., 
laborei', H.'iijn-sburg ; Kitchen Isaac, la))()rer. Haines- 
burg ; Kirkliiill" H. A., geiirlenian. Delaware; Keyser 
Jose])h, Hainesburg; Keyser Trven, Hainesburg; Kays 
Amos, gentleman, Polkville; Lewis Frederick, la}>or- 
er, Delaware; Lai'ue Trven, laborei", Delaware; Larne 
Anna, h<)iiseh(»ldei', Polkville ; Leida Alfred, huck 
ster, Delaware : Leida Chailes, merchant, Knowlton ; 
Leida JNaac, Knowlton; Leida Isaac Jr., laborer, 
Knowlton; Leida (roodwin. la1)orer, Knowlton ; I..i$>ik 
Clia^. Hoi^'lkHepc)', Colu nbia ; Lisk James, laborer, 
Columbia; Loller J., laboivr, Polkville; Linnabeiry 
Andrew, laborer, Hainesburg; Linnabery Calvin, la- 
borer, Ha.i!iesl)urg : Linnabery Wesley, Delaware; 
Linnabery John, jniller, Hainesburg; Linnabery 

T A ITD A nu7cf rnctni. Dn ^^^^'' I^ARGEST DRY GOODS AND CAR- 

Charles, miller, Hainesburg; Leida Wm., laborer, 
Knowlton ; Lannijig George, Knowlt.on ; Labarre Wil- 
son, labojvr, (Jolumhia ; Low llanntdi. householder, 
Polkville; Low David, Polkville; Love Mary E., 
houselioldcr. Columbia; Liindy Wm., labt)j'er, War- 
nnglon ; I/>v.' Ihirvey, Cobimbia; Lal>arre Robert, 
laboi-er, (Jolnmbin; Liirnabery Parmer, laborer, Knowl- 
ton; Michaels Allied, Inboivi'. Warrington; Micliaels 
Dcliali, hiMischoUh'i-. Wari'ington ; Michaels Georg**, 
laborer, Dunfiehl; Michaels James, laborer, Dun.iield; 
Moor(^ Will. P)., Columbia; Mo- re John B., gentle- 
man, Cobimbia; Mooie (^hester, laborer, Columbia. 

.Milhvs (leorue. Ilaincsbiii'g ; Millei' Geoi'ge C, la- 
borer, Hainesburg; Mesliac Wnt., Cohunbia ; Rlc- 
<'olliiiii S IkmhIoim'. .\bMvhanl, Delaware; Mc Mur- 
irA' Oscar, creanier\'. Didaware; Mei'icle Nathan, 
Hainesburg; Mc(!aiii Daniel, I'olkville; McCain Mal- 
vin. bhicksmith. >*olkville; McCh-acken Wm., Polk- 
ville ; McCracken Levin, Polkville ; McCiacken Geo. 
Miboii, Polkville; Me.ssiriger Zachai'iah, laborer, 

Lv\AwiM^n 9 MaK* 205 NortLamptou St., Eastern, Pa, Tho le- 

JSE for Mourniug Qooda. 

Champions of the World. 

I hiix'c exhibited at ail the iarcrest 

Poultry Shows i^^ ^'^^ United 
States, and have nex'er been beaten. 

I own and breed the hii>"hest sconno^ 

l)ir(ls in tile World ; 

Brown Leghorns, White 
Leghorns, White face 
Black Spanish, Ply- 
mouth Rocks and 
Light Brahmas. 

Mv stock IS from the best known 
strains m existence, and have been 
carefuUv bred b\- me for the last ten 
years, and I j^uarantee them to be 
second to none 

Fowls, Chicks and Ea^s for sale. 

Send twocent stain[)ior beautifully 
illustrated circular showing greatest 
record ever known. 

H. M. COX, M. D. 

Port Murray, Warren Co., U- J. 


it HiH.ES tr.tASnHEIAlt. OlALKR 

It unnr tin:. sToiKu AND Nov^E^r 


Warrinjjton ; McElroy ChavJes, Polkville ; Meyei • 
Wm,. Delawarp : ^[icliaels Peter, lalxner. Warnii; 
ton; Mann CMthaiiiie. linuseholder, DelaAvare ; Me- 
ier George, laborer. Delaware; Moi-gan George, labor 
er, Diintipld ; Mover John, blarksmirli, Knowlto]! : 
Mains Pefei. Delawaie ; Mann Kdwai'd. ,a<'nllen.a]u 
Delaware ; Mann Mary, domestic, llaiiie.^bmg ; Moor.- 
Paul, laborer, Cohiml'ia ; Fieeniaii Mo(ire, laborei' 
Columbia ; McCrnn Wm. A., Polkville. 

Nyce Henry B.. KiioAvl ton ; ]S}vo Adiian. KnoAAl 
ton; Nyce Warren. KnoAvlton ; rsewbnkei' Jacob, (-ar 
pentei', Cobinibi.i : Nicholas Wm., laborer. Knuwllon; 
Osjnnn Alvab, Delaware; Osjunn Jeiym<^, Delawar- . 

' >7,«^nbau^li Jacob, lal>o]'ei-, Haine.sbujg. 

Prall Iwi-orvie, ^lerchanf, D^lawaie; Prall Janie 
Df-laware; Piison Peter, laboier, C(tlHnd)ia ; P jii-, r 
Miry, doniestic, KnoAAlfon; Philips Samuel, labor-' 
Knowltfin ; Pliilijis Owen, labor(^j-, Knowbon; Phili])- 
John, laborer. Knowlto.n ; Pie^v David, av<w)1 cai-dej-. 
Pitney James, laborer, Hainesburg ; Paul Wmu, iabt)L 

L/lUDftUn ly t.flMUll. Id. niJESS^'OODs. xkw oods datlv 

er, rolnnibia; Pollis Wm.. la!>.)rer. Delawaiv; P.-ittixin 
Edw^ard. biborer. D'^lawaie; l*eU»r««. B^arr.v. jf4»5B^ 
D. L. i^^ W. RRDclawaiv; Pay^r IsMinh. laboror, f).! ' 
aware; Paul Hnniy, lalu.ivr Ddawtirp; Price Mar\ . 
drHRsnjakfr TTainps'bnrg: Quick Win., Ijdxirei, Cdbire 
bin; QiiifLT <'harlpN, inerchaur. l)el;iw;i/v; P-ndoljvh 
JamH.--. s|]<iMiii;ikcr. Golumbi;! ; 7?icp AVni.. i.-iboi-. r. 
Warringbm ; Rice Ann, lious-holdpr. AV:inin-to!i ; 
Rice AV)i;iha»u, Confectioner Tlaiufsbui- 
Ribble Wirdip.Jd, labr.rer, Delawi.rp; RidgeAvay John, 
laborer. Daiifield : Robi)iiis D:ivi<l, <'()o[>"i', Hninc:^ 
burg; R<uba''ii John, blacksmith, Tlainpsbrirn ; Ro 
bert,a O. R.. la.boivr, Polkville; Ryman Klmer, ia 
borer, Columbia ; Rusliu.ii- Maigarel. bour'iing house, 
Polkville; Rusling Mary, milliner. ]\)lkville; Read 
Minnie, teacliei-, KnoAvKou; Ruudle Mr., tcaclicr, 

Simpson J T., genrleman, Columbus; Sext(mJ(»hu, 

railroad sect i I )U uiasle)-, Delaware; Silverthorn T)avi<l 

B . Di^iaware; SilverMioru Albert, Uel a ware; Sniidi 

A^ 1 V" Jl/ \ )2i Nfll F -'*•"• Norfli.mip'on «'TEast,on,' Pa. Soil tli.. 
1 1 J I - fl J Ob I1UL.I , l;l;u-k •ixl Coiond Silks (iiianintcell. 

THE BEST OOOD» J^'Oi? \trtt> TA WC Vt^UiUm, t)«L 
THE LEAST Mpy-lEYJ^Tj^^^^ S» ^^^i *» 

Jabez B. farmer anddipvei', L)«hiWrtFt» ; Bniith (i^eorge 
L., fanutti- and dvuver, Belawav*; $mirh Lemuel, 
G., farifier and tU'uv*? , I)it*lawure; SuiifL Wm. L., 
labt rei", Columbia; S^nuth CUuk. Kn*. wlU)n • South 
Cha'^., Hainesbui'g: S'taifb Alfved, Kiiowtti n ; Smith 
Isaac N., Hainesbtirg : SniifU AJvln, Knowlton ; Smith 
Marshall (i,. P.jlkviUe; ^ itirh .T»»iah L., ^awj^er, 
Delaware; Seit/ JoUu J., carp^nr. -r. Delaware; Sisco 
H. M., misoa, Wayhiiigtoa ; Snyder Rol)ert, laborer^ 
Haineshiiig ; Sny<l<^t' Olaik. teacher, Columbift ; 
Snyder Jaiues W., laboivr, Warrington; Snyd«r 
Z-duH. l:ib(.rHr, WariingtHjn ; f^inyder Alex., labor«»r, 
Waniimton ; Suy<lfr I^abtdJH. hotji^hokler, Columbia; 
SnydHr Richard, laborer, Columbb; Snyder Chas., 
labo'ei', Warrington ; ?^ny«l<'r J., labour, Columbia; 
ShoptM iker Wm., labort-r. Colnmbia; Shai'er Hiram, 
laborer. Delaware; S\vayzf.lose[)h, Delaware; Swayxe 
.Fel'ifd. Polkvilln : S\vay/>H W^r».. laborer, Polkville ; 
Srerlirig C. J., relHgraph <>p»^rtHor, Delaware; Snover 
Oarnif^i, liainesbtjrg: Bnover ^i'i^^J^^**j» householder, 

Hainesbiiro:; SnoVt^r CTeorg*-, miller. Hainesburg ; 
Swish^'r W. H., Kri(>wl(<>ii ; Shafer George, laborer, 
Delaware; Slack Moses. Delaware; Shynuon Klmer, 
lal)f>r«^r. Delavvare; StJovH- KUy. domejitic, Columbia ; 
Seals F.. Polkvillt; ; Bnyd»^r OUvjy ; t-uiJo]'e»s, Wa)-- 
ringron ; Shafer Almeda. fl<^r»iwti».', Del«k«'are; Buyder 
Irv.=>n. hiborev, t)el?»war.t? ; Swii-liej- Bina, domestic, 
Hairiesbiirg; Swijsber pj-auk, Knowltou ; Snyder 
Frederick, laborer. Wavringron ; Hmllb Otiettr, mer- 
chant, Dehjware ; Sjrace Wju., laborer. Knowlton. 

Tinniai- Milroii, rnerchunr. CiUumbia; Tinmar .)oli» 
A., Columbia; TimmtjimAu Cha* , laborfsv, Columbia; 
Thomas Jt.«i**j)h P.. Ooiuttibia : IVitnmfr AugustmSv 
Columbia: Teel AndVfVr R., labored. CohimbiB ; 
Thomson Thomas. geu(JeM.i»n, Del^war*- ; Thom^oi* 
(xeo. D., Baiii«-st>urg ; TiuXttf- LorertZtt. gtfWileman, 
Delaware; Tiansue' SutlViin*. .Delawi»re ; Titmatt 
Brakley, liaine!«bnt-ji-; Tnr^^♦•r Kdua, Uom««ti<% 
Knowlton; Trimnei Rlia». Colvunbia. 

VanKirk John .1. Sr., ,;g«'ntleman. Columbia; Van 
K-irk Juhn J. . Jr., r«acht»C D«la>vaie; Van Yorrt Cor- 




nelius la^^ye^, Coluiii'ia; Van Kirk Sarah, house- 
holder, Columbia; Van Kirk Edward, laborer, 
Columbia; Van Kirk James, labor- r. Columbia; Van 
Kirk James, laborer, Hainesburg ; Vanhorn George, 
Columbia; Vanhorn Andrew, Hainesburjf; Vanhorn 
Johnson, Delaware ; Voss Lizzie, householder, Dela- 
ware; Vroom Jacob, Columbia; Van Duzen Alberi, 
Pastor M. E. t'hurrh, Columbia; VnnVorst Wni., 
lawyer, Columbia; Van Vorst E. J., lawyer, Colum- 
bia; Vough Elm^r, painter, Hainesburg; Vougli Ed- 
ward, lal^orer, HainesbTirg; Vanscoten J. K., clerk, 
Hainesburg. • 

Weidman Samuel Q., clerk, Columbia; Weidman 
Webster W., mf^rchant, Columbia; Weidman Wm. 
F.i gentleman. Columbia; Weller Mi hael, slate fac- 
tory Columbia; Weller Lewis C., laborer, Columbia; 
We ler Samuel, laborer, Columbia ; Weller Isaiah, 
'mason, (^obimbia ; Weller John Sr., laborer, Columbia; 
Wf^Mer .Inhn .]r.. teai-uer, Columbia; Winters iStew- 
art, laborer, Columbia ; Wallace Horace F., laborer, 

■^ A XT^^ ilk ^NTfy Leads in prices and quality of t^oods. 

Coiunil>ia ; Walters l)e})ue, H-iinesburg; Wolfe Abram 
laborer, Hainesburg; Wolfe Benjamin, Delaware; 
"^'<<lfe Thomas B., Delaware; Wolfe Joseph, Knowl- 
ton ; Ward Wrn. O., Hainesburg; Ward Franl', 
teacher. Hainesburg; Ward John .4., shoemakei, 
Delaware; Ward Wm. A., laborer, Delaware; 
Widnt ror A. C , wheelwright^ Delaware; Wihlrick 

Breeder of Thoi'ougbbred Wyundotes, Hose and Single 
• Conib, Brown Lecfhorns. 

EpK" aii't FowlB for Halo ftt moderate prices. I also koep a supply of Poultry 
PowilerB, OiTiiniii Roujj PlIlH, Imperial Egg FooU. Eggluo and almoal eTerythlug 
rpfloci In the Poultry Yard. Write Tor what you want ; Batlslactlongwarauteml 
Send tor clroulnrH niid price list. 

Abram. Knowlton ; Walters John A., clerk, Knowl- 
ton : Wt st Samuel, Delaware ; Wiley Samuel, laborer, 
De-lawarf^: Wolfe Wm., laborer, Delaware; Winters 
James, Warrington ; Wilgus Brit., laborer, Warring- 
ton ; WallacH Eva, teacher, Columbia. 

Yeomans B. D., Columbia; Yeomans A. C, re- 

5)orter. Columbia; Young George, Columbia; Young 
ndson, Tolumbia ; Young Peter Y., Hainesburg. 
Zunser Alberi. \>v\ twarf. 



~» *^ 

OPATCONG is one of the smallest townships of Warren County 
,ancl is situated in the southwestern purt, along the Delaware. 
It is odd in outline, having the shape of a wedge, as if to split 
Harmony from GreenWich. Its extreme length and breadth are about 
equal, each being about four miles. It is bounded on the north by 
Harmony, on the east and soutli by Greenwich, and on the west by the 
borough of Phillipsburg and the Delaware,, which separates it from 

The surface is uneven, and in parts somewhat mountainous. The 
agricultn re of the township is ia a flourishing condition, which faci la 
attested by the existence of many well-to-do tarmers within its limits. 
There is considerable mineral wealth in Lopatcong, but no important 
developments in this line have yet been made. 

This township has no village within its limits, a fact possibly due to 
the proximity of Phillipsburg and Kaston. • It is traversed by the rail- 
way lines ot the New Jersey Central, the Morris & Essex, .the Bolvidere- 
Delaware, and the Easton and Amboy. The Morris Canal passes near 
the soutliorn and eastern borders. 

Tiie date of the first settlement cannot, -be deti,nit*ly ascertained, but 
there are evidences that the history of the township began as early as 
1740, and perliaps even earlier. Amfmg the very earliest settlers was 
one John Feit, who emigrated to America from the Rhine country, 
between Germany and France, and settled in the vicinity of ihe present 
town of Phillipsburg about the year a1)oVe mentioned. It is known th^t 
he married there in 1741. The only circumstance, of which we' have 
knowledge, influencing his emigration, is thrt he caqie hither to escape 
military proscription, which was at tlrat lime driving so many Germans 
to the New World. He came to' this cou.ntry wlien about eighteen 
years of age, an . must have been the son of .wealthy parents, as at that 
agi.' he could hardly have acquired a fortune for himself, his extensive 
land purchases showing that he was well supplied witii money. The 
old homestead of the pioneer Feit has remained in the family lir\e while 
three generations have passed away, and has been for som* tirrie .the 
home of the tourth. 


Oih*\' Geim*ft pioBPCTs Jire supiwise'd m &»v* ticew antotig; the early 
tjKlUeiv, buf. »c 'nii{x)ii»ui rwor*ls of them IiaTc been preKervwl. 

I'^f SbipmABd, who tor mom limn « t»ntti»j have figm-ed in tho liis- 
l-wy of W*rre« Counh% 8>t *)*») id<>ntifte(l with the »«»rl>' history of 
f>opftfcong. If 19 rnJber a lytaont'mr mu^ rem sirfe able fwcf ♦U;») a nuraber 
of {be ploDew propcnieik iK-esfiU in ♦bftif re«pet;fiv«? (sinily lines. 

The lowjfsbip WM fornjed in Jftal l¥oiii Orwenwjcb *nd Harmony, and 
WM first called fhe townsliip of Phillipsburg, «ti«- the town of that 
name. In 186S, »ome tiin« after the rneorporation of . hillipsburg, the 
a«ro»of the <ot»aBliip 'gfm changed to Lopatcong, «ffeK lh* creek ol' the 
ttme tifiiae. 

Tlift busineas intew»t« of ih» township ari» almost identic«l wifJi those 
ol PblUipflburg, til the bnsinepB plwf©* oi importanc* bein^ in cl<J8e 
i«rox{tnity to ih» borough UtoilH'. 

Prtpolafioa alwwt l.TW. ScHooU, a. #r»»ol*ri«, .>7tt. 



Lumber Yards and Planing 


All kinds of Floorings, Ceilings, Sidings, Lath, 

•hln|^les, Rough and Dressed Lumber, i^iate, 

Prick, Lfme, Cement, Sand and Plaster. 

We htve constAntly on Hand h Isrge stock of 

Htxsh, iMuta^ ftfituh, Shntf^rit, Mouldintfs mul (leuet'al 
Mtattite Trim, «wrf of«« mah*^ to t^rilcr ttt ahort iiofire. 

We bare altw Hand R«iJe, Balusters, Newels and 

Tiinied Work at pric*>n5 io which we dei' (oiiipe- 

tioB. Planing, J^croll mid Circular Sawing, 

Wood TniTuag, im. Our pjice» are as 

low »,« the loTT^e'l for |;ft)od work. 



Township Directory. 

All whom mcation /'.s iiot ineiiMoned are farmers. 
Tae Post Office addresses not given in thh township 

are PhllUpshurg. 

AUshouse Jacob ; AUshouse James ; Amey John ; 
As iton William, laborer; Aten James, car inspector. 

Baiiman Joseph, foiindryman ; Baumau William, 
fou'idrytuan ; Beers Charles M., railroader.; Burke 
John, laborer, Shimer's; Bishop Geo. W., laborer, 
^liimer's ; Baker Arnsey, laborer, IShimer's; Brady 
P.itrick, turnaceimm . Shimers ; BuUman James, 
brake ma n ; BiiUmati Thomas, laborer ; Bullman Jere- 
miah, lal)orer; Browne Robert D,, physician; Brake 
ly Jotm H., laborer; Beeinari Jasper, laborer; Beers 
LnlR.. teamster, Shimer's ; Burdock Henry, track- 
man; Barber it >bert K., Stewartsville ; Bozzo Lewis, 
eagneer; Baylor Michael, laborer, Stewartsville ; Bay- 
lor Jesse, laborer, Siewarisville; Boyer John C, re- 

^wiiAT^oy wan/.vi'^ LA UBACH'S, Easton, Pa. 

tired, tStevvartsville; Baker Philip, laborer ; Bennett 
Theodore K. ; Brotzsuaii Daniel; Brakely Matthias ; 
Brakely (ieorge, retired; Bittner Phaon ; Brotzman 
Daniel Jr., agent; Bittner Amandus, laborer; Beatty 
Th )inas, boatman, Shimer's; Beatty Elmer, boatman, 
Sliirner's; Beatty Alvin, boatman, Shimer's ; Beatty 
Wm., boatman, Shimer's; Black Morris, boatman, 
Shimer's; Bercaw Chester, boatman, Shimer's. 

Clark Philip, laborei- ; Clark Hugh, trackman ; Cul- 
ver Jacob, boatman, Stewartsville ; Cool Aaron, F., 
Stewartsville; Cline Clarence E ; Cressman Benjamin; 
Conn James, railr^-ader; Cusick John, railrv^ader; 
Crampton Michael, furnaceman, Shimer's ; Conway 
Andrew, furnaceman, Shimers; Caton John, foun- 
dryman, Shimer's; Caton Michael, foundryman, 
Shimers; Conner Daniel, laborer, Shimer's; Clark 
Edward, lab .rer, Shimer's; Conklin John A., gard 
ener ; Caseby Jesse, Sheet-mill-man ; Cahill James, 
furnaceman ; Conlogue Patrick, laborer ; Connor John 
laborer, Shimer's; Cooper David, laborer; Cava- 

Ilin^PW^ JL llnl P ^^ Northampton St. Keep the Largett Um 
fInUnLIf Ob nULrj of SUkB and Dress Goods on E. NorthamptOB 

.III. ilUn I Uni) Hardware, Stoves and Houaefurnishiug. 

iiauftli Michael, boatman, Sliim«rs; Cox Michael, 
I'oiiiuli ymaii ; Cowell Geo. AV., carpenter; Clymer 
Jacob, niilkniau ; Clymer Lemuel ; Cole John Sr., 
redred; Cole John Jr., car inspector; Cole Charles 
W., blacksmith; Cole Clark, niachinisit; Creveling 
William, engine-wiper; Crotsby Jacob, foundryman ; 
('CK^ley Maliion, brakeman ; Cline (Tamer H. ; Chal- 
mers James, patt,einmaker. 

Drake Ijorenzo; Drake Howard, milkman; Diitt Geo.; 
Daily Philips, laborer; Dereniei" Isaac ; Dejeraer Jas. 
8.: UeWitt Moses ;DeWitl Barnet, retired; DeWitt 
(reoi-ge ; DeVVitt Oliver, laborer; Deals Jonathan, la- 
borer ; Donnelly ,)ohn, laborer, Shimer's ; Davis David, 
laboier, Shiniers; Davis >Vilson, laborer, ►Shimer's; 
Draney William ; Dalton Kd., brakeman, Shiiiitri's; 
Dimdass Thomas, foundiyman; Dnndass Arthur, 
foundryman ; Davis VVilliain M., lawyer. 

Eckert (Earner, laborer, Harmony ; Eckert Frank, 
sheet mill man; E«-kert George, huckster. 

Fritts David 11.; Frilts Joseph; Fritts John; Fry 


LAUDiiun 0, DaMUU, ra. dress goods, new uoods daily. 

Samuel, milknum; Fulmer SamueT, Taboren^ Firth 
David, stone-cutler; Firth David J., stone-cutter; 
Fulmer William, huckster; Fine Philip G., mail 
earlier, Shinier" s; Felker David, foundryman; Fox 
Thomas, furnaceman, Shinier s; Feit Paul; Feit 
Dani<*i, let.ired; Feit John Sr., retired; Feit John Jr.; 
Felt Jacob; Feit Geoige W. ; Fre<-;k George, foundry- 
man; Fell J(jhn C, foundryman. 

Gephart Jose[)h, engineer; Garner Levi, miller; 
Gaghan Martin, f(»undryman; Garrecht George, la- 
borer; tiaughian Thomas, furna(;emau, Shimer's; 
(faugjjian Owfii, riirnaceman, Shimer's; Gaughran 
Matthew, piintei'. SliimeFs; Greagor H. Harman, 
lurnaceman. Sliimers; Gaven John, furnaceman, 
Shimer's; (iniver hvin. ctirpenter; Gruver John; 
Gruver Jeremiaii ; (Teary Nelson, carpenter; Gross 
William F., laborer, S|, iter's ; Gammell Patrick, 
fnrnaceman; ({ibb Christopher, Sr., laborer ; Gibb 
Christophe)'. Ji., hiborer ; Gaten William, furnace- 
man, Sliimers. 

C l-T T P I PiQ' Conipoui,.! Hyru). of Wil<l Ch^iry with Hypot.bosilM 
wJX A. X 1— > i_/ J.^0 of LlMi« tk%K^ iteda. Sur« <ur« ror a<>ut;htt, mtoui^, *M> 

TTTE BEST GOODS FOB VP A^J Ppft Vr»C! T?« «i a*^ D« 
THE LEAST MONEi AT^^i^i^^ « MSlOXl, f^. 


Hinil n Wil iam Sr. ; Haiiilen VVilliani Jr. ; Hanilen 
^Vi!ilH»^ H.. ivriivd ; Ham'eii Win. F., milkman; 
Hamleii Win. A., labuivr ; Hatnleii Robert, milkman; 
llMinl'-n John ; Haiulen Mnhloii ; Hutt' James, laborer; 
Helm William, blacksinitli, Stewartsville; Halpin 
Daniel R. ; Hildeorand Peter, shoemaker, Stewarts- 
ville ; Heid John, laborer, Stew;ait.svil.e ; Hawk Wil- 
liam D. ; Hawk John; Hutf John R. , ItTtxjrer, 
Shimer's; Huff John, laborer, Shimer's ; Heft'endreger 
Milton, laborer, Shinier; Hetzler Enoch, laborer, 
Shimer's; House Kdward, watchman. Shinier s; 
Howell Joseph, retired; Howell Charles, laborer; 
Henry John S., laborer ; Hess William H.. blacksmith; 
Hess Peter, shoemaker; Hotf Holloway, IVmndryman; 
Hnmniell John, foundry man : Hofschild August, 
furnacenian, Shimers; Hol'schikl William, furnace 
foreman, Shimers; Hartzeil John, switchman. 

Insley Jacob, SteAvartsville; Iri-^iley Isaac, Stewarts- 
ville; Insley Godfrey, retired, Stewartsville ; Hiff 
Joseph A.; Iliif Mrs. Margaret. 

i miSSHIHI'GEASTOW, PA. Largest Storej Largest 

LMy KiMy Is O Assortments, and Qne riCB tO All 

Johnson Alv'in, laborer, Shimer's; Jobnson James, 
laborer, Shimer's; JohnsonOharles, retired; Johnson 
Theodore, wheelwrighi ; Jacoby Alpheus, millwright, 

Kitchen Daniel; Kitchen Thomas VW, blacksmith; 
Kinrc^y Olinties E., laborer ; Kit(;hen Mrs. j^iliza, house- 
holder ; Kinney Mi-s. Sarah, householder, Stewarts- 
ville; Kline William, collector and c(mstable ; Kanan- 
h .n William N.. laborer; Kelso James, laborer, Shi- 
mer's; Kelegher Patrick, J'oiindiyniari ; Knowles 
Arthur, foundryman; Keck Benjamin, Vioatman ; 
Kearney Thomas, foundryman; Koose William, ma- 
son ; Kisselba<'h Edward, car inspector ; Kisselbach 
Eugene, car inspector ; Kichline Aai'on, painter ; Kin- 
neybrook Charles, switchman; Kelly Peter, foundry- 
man ; Kinney Alfred G., carpenter. 

Larue George; Lehi Anson, machinist ; Lesh^r Wil- 
liam H.. carpenter; Lance Jesse R., boatman, Stew- 
artsville; Lambert Jackson, boatman, Stewartsville; 
Lambert John, V)oatnaan, Stewartsville ; Lambei-t. Al- 

)lTTnT?r!Ifr' 5. ITHT r Proprietors of the "DOWNTOWN" 
AiiiiUuWu iX IkULt. Dry Goods House, 205 Northampton 

' Street, Easton, Pa 



Steinway & Sons, Kranich & Bach, Hallet 
& Davis, J. & C. Fischer, &c. 

Lowest Prices, Cash, Installnieurs or Rt-Tit, juid (me ye.iiVs ivnf 

allowed if jinirha ed from 



From Estey & Co., Mason & Hamlin, Smith 

American, Taylor 8z; Farley, Worcester Co. 

Sterling Co., Etc., Etc. 

Lowest Pric<^.s, (.^ish, Installments or Rent, and one yeai^'s r*^iit 

allowed if purchased only at 

WM. H. KELLER'S 223 & 22S NsrthamploB St., Easton, Pa. 



j)honso, boatman, Stewattsville ; Lerch Ljcurgus, 
lx)atttian ; Lanagau Wiiiiam, furnaceman; Leniiou 
Edward, foutidryman ; Lee' George, foundrynian ; 
Lyons Thomas, laborer; Lesher Andrew M., R. R, 
brakeman ; Lesher John P., carpenter; Lesher Mil- 
lard, R R. condui-t'jr , Loughland John, foundry 

McClary James ; McNeill Garner, laborer, Stewarts- 
vilJe ; McNeill Martin, laborer, Stewartsville , Meiritt 
Abel H. farmer and drover ; Merritt (teorge E. ; Metz 
Theodore, laborer, Stewartsville ; Melroy John, car- 
penter ; Mel roy Robert D., gardener, Melroy Jesse, 
huckster; Myers Whittield; Melick Miss Rebecca, 
householder; Metz A. W, L., garde iie r ; Mitchell 
Josepli, shee.tmillman ; McElroy Frederick laborer, 
Shimnrs; Murphy Thomas, furnacemau, Shimer s ; 
Murphy James, furnacemaQ, Shimer s ; Murphy Bar 
tholouiew, furnaceaian, Shimer's; McDcirmott Thomas 
Sr., laborer, Shimer's; McDermott Jame^, laborer, 
Shimer's; McDermott Thomas, Jr., clerk; Shimer's; 


LiUDAun LdSlOU, fa. pet house bargains always. 

McCan John, laborer, Shimer's; Mettler William A., 
R R brakeman; Metz Lawrence, Shimer .•>; Melick 
William S. ; McCiure John J., stonecutter; McClure 
Margaret Mrs;, householder; Myers R )bert, laborer; 
McCrary Thomas, Jr., quarryman ; McCrary Thomas, 
Sr., gardener; McMannen P]dward, foundryman ; Mc- 
Can Owen, quarryman; Mooney Daniel, laborer; 
Muidenhauer August, laborer, Shimer's; ,McNan:ee 
Thomas, furnaceman, Shimer's; Mernell Walter, fur- 
naceman, Shimer's; Miller Alfied, 1 borer, Shimer's; 
Maddock Thomas, lai>orer, Shimer's; Murren Charles, 
plane brakeman; McCormick Thomas, R. R. contract- 
or; Mearion William, foundryman; Meariou Richard, 
foundryman; Merrick John, engineer; Manning John, 
foundryman; Milier William H,, foundryman; Miller 
John F., foundryman; Middleton William, foundry- 
man; Mclnerney Dennis, foundryman. 

Norris Eugene, laborer; Nunnemaker Jacob, labor- 
er; Neno Reinhard, laborer, Shimer's; Neencteil Mau- 
rice, laborer; Norton Mrs. Mary, householder. 

Andrew;^ & Noil, 

205 Nortbampton St., Ea^tou, Pa. The only 
placo to buy iho celobraced "OolU Blaat' taaUutnt. 
au&raiiieea Ire* trom odor auU cUrt. 


WlfOhEtfA r-K Ayi> RRTA TL PKA hrjt I ^ 


Oswald John, laborer ; Osterstork Daniel, brick- 
maker; O' Brian James, laborer, Shimers; O'Herren 
John, furnaceman. Shinier* s; Owens Nicholas, fnr- 
naceman, Shimpr's ; O'Hagan Michael, n.ason. 

Probasco Georc:e, laborer; Pierson Robert, gardener; 
Person Richard, ixardener ; Potraz Hnrman, laborer; 
Parker Geoi^ge, lalvrer, Shimer's; Pricf Thomas, 
laborer, Shimer's ; Price George W.,. plane tender ; 
Pratt Albert, grocer, Shimer's; Pierson Edward, 
gro(-8r, Shimer's; Pnrsell Lefferd TI., lock tend pr, 
Shimer's; Pnrsell Thomas, miller; Pnrsell Stewart 0., 
merchant; Poole TL S., poullryman ; pptit William 
TI-, laborer; PiatfOiton, laborer, Shimer's ; Paulns 
Abraham, grocer ; Panlns Edwin H.: Paulas Dar.iel ; 
Potts James E., machinist foreman ; Person John M., 

Roseberry John, agent; Roseberry Tsabelln, honso- 
holder ; Rush William C, laborer. Stewartsvillp ; 
Rinedart Samuel ; Riddlp Samuel »*.; St-e\vn)lsvillt- ; 
Richline John, laborer, Stewartsville ; Richline An- 

-ir'/k 'r'fiK^'MrrH'wrLE\r>s'iy v'rioks and qfatj-iy 
JL^jK L U OjO ^KjXm, of goods. E AST()>-, pa^ 

drew, laborei', Stewartsville; Richline George, laborer, 
Stewartsville; Reimer Owen; Reinert Cosmos B., 
laborer; Resh Trvin. engineer; Rooney Jeremiah, 
niffhtwatchman, Shimer's ; Rooney Timothy, laborer. 
Sh'.mer's; Roouey Barney, laborer, Shiujer's; Reinjel 
Edward; Rice Charles, laborer; Rodenbangh Jamv^s. 
laborer; Reibaly Frank, laborer; Rudden Petei', 
fjirna«-eman, Shimer's; K.eia James, saloonkeeper; 
Reis William, foundryman; ilenner Urban, foundry- 
man ; Raul) John J., foundryman; Ricluird Philip, 
railr(»ad bfakn nan, 

Shipman Philip, retired; Shi]>m:ni John, retired; 
Sleighr l''ipderick, StewartvilJe; Smith Chnrles C, 
laborer, Stewartsville; Smith Allison, laborei , Stew- 
artsville ; Smith John B,, labore»', Stewartsville; 
Sinith Daniel, laborer, Stewai tsville; Smith Lawrence, 
fiirnaceman ; Smith 'James, fuiuficeman ; Smith Jere- 
miah, engine hostler; Smith Pafi-ick, boatmnn, 
Shimer's; Stewart WilliamS., Stewartsville; Styers 
Edward, carpenter, Stewartsville ; Searles Alonzo, la- 

Extra pality Caryiui Mm and forks at Wade Bros., Haciettstowi!. 


NORTON'S Easton, Pa. 


borer ; Searles Charles, laborer ; SearlevS William, 
laborer; Searles .^Ibro, laborer; Searles Altred, la- 
bc>rer ; Searles Theodore, railroad tiagriian ; Schiffert 
Uriah, gardener; Schuyler Aaron M.; Stansberry 
Jacob, sheet mill man ; Sass Frederick, retired ; 
Shoener Thomas, laborer ; Sanderson James, quarry 
foreman; Seas George, railroader, Shimers; Stone 
Mrs. Elizabeth, householder, Shimers; Seas James, 
railroader, Shimer's; Seas John, railroader, Shimer's; 
Seas Philip, laborer, Shimers; Snyder Penrose, 
miller, Shimers; Snyder Peter K., nuller, Shimer's; 
Strouse Samuel, railroader, Shimei'"s ; Schooley Sam- 
uel, miller, Shimer's; Schedler Frederick, junk mer- 
chant. Shimer's ; Stocker John ; Sheard Fiincis W., 
stonecutter; She:ird William, stonecutter; Slowey 
John, furnaceman, Shimer's; Steber Ferdinana, fur- 
naceman, Shimer's; Snyder Henry M., boatman, 
Snimer,s; Steele Joseph, Shimer's; Sherry Peter Sr., 
laborer ; Sherry Peter Jr., foundryman ; Sinclair Juo., 
railroad engineer; Stamets Samuel, engine wiper; 

F«T|Hri|ftij^QEASTOW, PA. LargestStore Largest 

LMUDnlin O Assortments, and One Price to All 

Stryker Joseph J.; Stryker John W,; Shiraer Hubler; 
Shimer Hervej^ ; Stark F-rdin and, engine wiper; St. 
John Richard, foundryman; Smith Wm., laborer, 

Tmsman Martin; Tinsman Peter, retired; Tilton 
William K., gardener; Thatcher Thomas, sheet mill 
man; Taylor James H., laborer, Shimer's; Tully 
Christopher, laborer, Shimer's; Thatcher Elisha, 
truckman; Tute Waiter, furnaceman, Shimer's; 
Travers Peter, laborer; Trump John, foundryman; 
Tjump George, foundry nuui ; Tirily Thos., laborer, 

Unangst Barnet, laborer, Stewartsville ; Unangst 
William, Stewartsville ; Unangst Henry, shute fore- 
man ; Unangst Arthur, carpenter ; Unangst George, 
canal foreman. 

VanNorman William, rolling mill man ; V^anSickle 
Martin, laborer, Shimer's ; Vetter Charles, black- 
smith Shimer's; Vanatta Elisha; V'an Amburg Wil- 
liam, gardener. 

ANRRPIA/^ J6 Nni C'™ii*^ii'*'^.9tock, Low Prices. The "DOWN 
AllUnLllO Ot.llULr town " Drv Goods House, EASTON Pa 



yrsiiryo goods. 

416 LOPATC0N(t township. 

Wright Nathan; Wright William T., huckster; 
Walters Allen R.; Walters Henry; Walters George 
W., laborer; Walters J(tse^)h: Weller J^hn, laborer, 
Stewartsville; Wolf Calvin, boatman. Stewartsville; 
Workheiser jHren)iah; Worm \v John, laborer, Shi- 
mer's; Wilson Ednnind O . merrhant; Willever .lolin 
A., railroader; Whife Benjamin, laborer; Wagner 
Stephen, carpenter; Way Isaac, laborei"; Wighorst 
Henry F., gard«-ner; Wallace Patrick. furJiaceman, 
Shinier's ; AVendland Angnst, retire/i, Shimer's; 
Waldbeiser Frederick, laborer, Shimer's; Wallace 
William, mason ; Wjntergarst Max, laborer; Warner 
Christopher, laborer; Wetdon John B., retired. 

Yeisly .leremifih, teacher; Yeisley George L., 
clerk Young John C. mason, Stewartsville : Young 
Andrew, shoemaker; Young William, l.tborer; Yenr- 
anct-- Peter. ]abor<^'r. 


C. F. STAATES, Prop'r, 


THIS HOTEL has recently been thoroughly reno- 
vated thi'o'ighoist, and the liberal patronage of 
Commt-r(tial Agnrits and Travelers, as well as the 
large nurulH^r of iieniianent boarders, is a sufficient 
guarantee of its excellent accommodation and good 
uiauagenient. It sfiuids among the first Hotels of the 
Stat\ Owned by the proprietor and eveiy effort 
jiossible i.s i)iit fordi for the comfort and acccmmoda- 
tion of its gUHsts, 

Parlors, Reading-Rooras, Billard Wall and Ear 

are well-aiTanged and conveniently heated. You are 


W ANSFTELD is one of the two south central border townships of 
Vi* V , _ ^ \hc county. Thf nrea of the township is 27.8 square miles 
or 17,805 acres. It is boiiudfd on the north by Hope town- 
ship, on the northeast by Indi^pendence. on the east by the Musconet- 
cong, on the south by Wa.shingl(»n, on the southwest by Washington and 
Oxford, and on the west and norihwest by Oxford and Hope. it has a 
pf^pulation ot about 1,800. The Morris canal and the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna and VVes'ern Railroad pas!« through the entire township from east 
to west. 

The surfacp ot the township is undulating, two chains of uills running 
its entire length from east to west. The Alu.sconetcong River forms the 
entire southern boundary of llie township, and the beautiful Mueconet- 
cong valley, tilled with picturesque and productive farms, comprises the 
whole southern por'ion of the township, running parallel with the chain 
of hills on the north. Just north of the viilley and almost parallel with 
it, run the Morris & i-:8^c.\ Caual and K. L. & W. It. K. Some of the 
most pnjduetive farms of the county are found in this township and in 
this valley, though much ol the laud, on account of its l«>cation and slaty 
nature, is not susceptible of a high state of cultivation. Tht land in 
the valley botlomh and to a considerable e.\l(;nl the uplands are anusual- 
ly rich and easily cultivated. Many of the farms iu the Musconetccmg 
valley yield from sixty to seventy-tive bushel.s ol corn and fr«im one and 
a half to two tons of hav per acre. 

The valley along the Morrif tjaual is wide, the hilln on the wjuth side 
sloping off gradually, but on the north .side iu some places the hills rise 
abruptly from the canal Beyond this ridge, on the north, is the Pohat- 
ctmg villey, through which runs th»; creek of that name. This creek ha* 
its source in Independence township, on the stock farm owned by Dr. 
W. A. Conover. The soil in this valley is ver}- rich, and the farms 
throughout the eiitin township give evidence of con.siderable scientific 
agricultural knowledge on the part of the farmers. 

Two other streams Old Hollow lirf)ok and Trout Brr-ok, run through 
the town.ship in a southwesiern direction, both di.schurging their waters 
into the Musconetcong. 

rS^There are also indications of considerable mineral wealth iu the town- 
ship, though at the present time these resourse** are comparatively 

418 M A^■ S \n\hL [) '[\) W A .SI 1 li *, 

Manslidd \Vrt,s sel oil' Irniii Gn.-cii vidi in 1751, aliom l>vt'Uly yijiirs bc- 
t'ori' the first Ijkxuislii il in Ibc lievdkilioiLiiiry \\ ar 'I'ht; lowuisliii) was 
iiaiiu'd ill honor oi' I^ord .Muuslifid, wlio was a proiiiiiieul royal Jiirisi of 
En^^lrtii.d. at tlie linn; oi. iUv .solliiiii- ofT oC Mansfifid froni Greensvicii. 

The Poor-house of Warren Coi ;: i i.ic.iird in tlif; norlhwfstcni part 
of this township. It is a lour sioiy bailiiiiig, !S0 by 5(5 t'uet, having a 
wing upon lii;-, '•>{) by "24 led, and two aisd a haif. .slorie^ h:gb. 
Tlie eoiinty owns iJiU! acres of laml, surrounding llic building. Tlic 
Pool' house wa^ erected here about the yeai ]S;5U, and the stywHrds have 
been as follows : William, Ricbanl.^, Williaiu ^rcDonald, Samuel Low- 
der, T. II. Tuni^ou, !.. H. 3Iarienis, .1. K. Trrl. Samuel Frojuc, K. Jl. 
Tunison, and .1. II. tlaiice, who is.tbe i>i sward. 

Among the recent busine^s interests of lln^' ,iiiwn.ship are the creamer}' 
liitely established at Port Murray, and the Poultry Yard of Dr. H. M. 
(Jox of the same jilace. Dr. Cox has in his yard, though .so lately estab- 
lished, sonic of the Unesl birds to be f(au)d anywhere in thecoiuilry, and 
his patronage is fast bf'coming e.xten.sive. For some time he was the only 
je^iilent phys'ciau of the town.ship, 

Till' Warren Slate Co., located at P(jrl ^Murray, does a thiiving business 
and luinsoul a good ([uality of slale. 

There are several small towns in the township, some <if which are very 
enlerprising. The oldest is iieatlyslo.wn which in IbOO was a thriving 
hamlet. In lH','.-> it was said to be mOre of a bu.siuess place than llack- 
etlstown. being then the chief markei of this vicinity for gi'uiu and all 
kinds of pro(lue''. 'i'lii-rc were al.-o more r<.'>idenc(is in iJeatlystown then, 
than ai the piesi nl time, it has a store and jiosi office, gri^L mill, school 
lumse, M. E. chiu-ch, blacksmith sho[i and wdieelwrighl shop. Present 
poi)iilaliou about 2-10. Andersiui is in t,he.suiith western part of the town- 
ship and is situated ue.\t to the Washington line. It has a store and 
post ofliec, hotel, .school, M. E. church and blacksmith shop. Poimla. 
tioii, i0(j. Uock])ori is a small hamlet Jocated in the eastern jiarl of 
th(! township, having a store, .school and eight oi ten dwellings. Mount 
Urthel in the noriheasiern ))art of the lov.nship has a ..M, E. chuich. 
Kair-ville is located on j-'ohatcoiig Creek about ] h miles from I'ort .Mur- 
ray. It has a .-cliool. and a store kejit by il. ..M. C'regar, doing a good 
busini-s-. I'ml ..Murray is the youngest and most flotu'isiiing' town in 
.Vlansfield. It is the only point in the townshij) situated on the railroad 
and is li<-ncc Mi^' shipping point J"<M- that entire section. The location is 
a desirable one, being about halfway between Washington and Jlackctt.s- 
town. and on the direct liTii.' of between the Iwoplaces. Il isan 
enti-rjirising village of .about ."'.00 inhabiiants with a gooil store kept by 
.John W . Forker, a Jiaptist church, a beautiful Hall in which the M. E. 
Society woiVhij), a school house, lioli I and blacksmith and wheelwright 
shop, Ix'siili- the enter|irises alreail\ mi'nti<ined, there are several line 
rewideuecs. There are in .Manslield U schools with a total of 397 scholars. 


'^ Di 

1 OWNSHIP iJlRL-r iUR^'. 

All Id7iOS( rncdfloii is not mflitioiird n i r /"n / nKiS. 

freeholder. Bejitrystown ; Albert .1. M.. rarj)-]it. r. 
Port Mnrray i Albert A. G., laborer. Port Miin-ay; 
Albert Wra\ carpenter. Port MiiiTay ; Albert T), ISl., 
carpenter, Karrsville : Adams Mary, freeholder, P<irt 
Murray; Adams Geora-e, laborer. Port Murray ;. An 
thony Mary, freeholder. Port Miiriay; Anrhoiiy" Jr-hii, 
Anderson; Anthony Jacob, Anderson; Anderson 
Afarsiaret. freeholder, KaiTsville; Anderson .bih'il, 
Rnckettstown ; AiKli-^rsoii .l<>*i«*|>h. projir. of -Po^t 
Murray Tlotel, Pori ^-iiiriay; Aiid«^rson Sarah, Port 
Murray; Anderson Eliza l^eth, freeholder. Port Mur- 
ray: Andeison Lewis, gentleman. Port Murray; An- 
derson AVm.. raillwiiii-ht. Kari'sville; Aud.ei-sdU Nel- 
son, milhTright, Karrsvilie; Ackley Ze.inn, Beattys- 
town; Ackley James, laborer, Pieattystowu : Ackley 
Theodore, laborer, Beattystown. 

^'^^s^^S^^r T AUBACH'S Jaston, Pa, 

Bealty. H. T., Hac,kettsto\vn ; Bnatty Alexandei- 
Port Murray; Beatty 11. L., miller, Port Muriay: 
Beatty Ev?i, "freeholder. Port Muiray; Ben! ty James. 
Port Murray ; Beatty Amos, Port Murir.)-; P)e;)tty 
Jacob, carpenter.' Port Mun-ay; Beatty J. B.. car- 
penter, Hackettstowu; Beatty Lewis. Port Mui-jax' ; 
Beatty Kobt.,- carpenter, Beattystown ; IValty Tliev- 
dore, laborer, Poit Murray; Beatty Win., millf^r. 
Beattystown; Bryan George, Sr., Port Mmiay; Biyai 
Aloert, Poit Murray; Bryan Geoige. .Ir.. Porf Mn - 
ray; Bryan Isaac, Beattystown: Beam .lospj)h. r-.-.;- 
penter. Port Murray ;^Beam Abraliam, cai])etiter. Po • 
Murray; Bt am Andiew, car[)ente]-, Poit|,Mur)hy: Bar 
towr John, shoemaker, An<lerson: Baitow \Ym. kbor 
er, Beattystown; Buid IL J., labojei. Port Muriay: 
Bell AVilliam, labr.rer, Karrsviil-^ ; Bugler .faniHs A.. 
Pjrfc Murray; Big!(-r Jolin, tHumster, Pcri Mniray: 
Bigler Alonzo, lai)orer. Port Murray; Bigjer Laiison. 
Port Murray;^ Bigler J; H., ^ Poit Murray; Biglf-r 

^liinDCUiQP MOl H - •'' N"itb;.i,]{jtoa.St,.. M 8t!). , IVi. S.ll til. 
/»llUnCWo06nuLr, !. t |ilJ^c•^i ;».i(lColor<raSil)c.s. {iiiarjuii,.-..l. 

-ITT*»^— -*^UV-- 

.III. nlllnlUil, Hardware, Stoves and Housefurnishing 

William, railroad'or, Port Murray; Bertron Anna, 
freeholder, Port Golden ; Bertron William, boatman, 
Port Golden ; Bar'^er C D., boatman. Beattystown ; 
Bnrk John, laborer, Beattystown; Beicaiigh Isaac, 
laborer, Port Mutr-ay; Hartley Gornelius, Beattys- 

Conine Charles, brakeman, Port Golden ; Garliart 
Matilda, Anderson; Cornish W. T., laborer, Port 
Murray ; Cougle Wra., laborer, Beattystown ; Cougle 
Robt-rt. l.iborer, Beattystown; Cougle Charles V., 
carriagemaker, Beattystown ; Cougle P.^ter, laborer. 
Beattystown; Cougle Wm., laborer, Port Murray ; 
Cougle John, agant, Beattystown; Cougle ISmith A.. 
saloonkee[)er. I'ort Murray ; Cougle Charles, milk 
peddler, Port Murray ; Smith A. W., laborer. Port 
Murray; Carpenter David, laborer, Beattystown; 
Curl John, carpenter, Beattystown; Curl Jacob, m^r 
chant, Beattystown; Castner Adam, Karrsville ; Cast- 
ner Jane, freeholder, Karrsville; Castner Charles, 
laborer. Karrsvilln; Castner Miller, clerk, Karrsville; 

LMuDAUn ^j CaSIOlly lO* Dry Goods and carpet House. 

Cougle Dallas, shopkenper, Beatttystown; Cole Divid, 
brickni.ikcr. Karrsville; Cjle Jacob, Port Ci.>lden ; 
Cregar John, Karrsville; Oegar H. ^i., dry goods. 
groc»fries, Htc, Karrsville; Cregar Andrew M., Port 
Murray ; Cr<-gai- P^manuel, Port Murray; Cregar Adam 
F., blacksmith, Beattystown; Cregar Mai-cus, Beattys- 
town ; Cregar Wm.. ]>ainter, Beattystown- Oegar 
Andrew, Karrsville; I'ox H. .tl., physician and 
Burgeon, Port Mnrmy ; Cox John, carpenter, Port 
Murray; Carling Sarah, freeholder, Anderson; Car- 
ling Joseph, hil)ort-r. Anderson; Cowell Daniel, 
wheelwright'; Canheld Uzal, Judge, Port Murray ; 
Canlield Caroline, freeholder, Port Murray ; Cum- 
mins Mathias, mason. Port Murray; Cummins James, 
ma«on, Port Miinay ; Cummins Wm., laborer, Steph- 

Davis A. N.. Stephensburg; Davis S. W., Stephena- 
burg ; Da\ is J. R., Stephensburg; Davis Frank, 
laborer, St<i)hensburg; Davis W. J., Beattystown ; 
Deats Joseph, laborer, Anderson; Deats Emma, free- 

Carriage Trimmings at Wade Bros., ^^^^^''^,11 


The iinder.siio-ned linve Imd al)(>iir ten years experi- 
ence in the undHrtakiiif!; bnsiiiess, and are ])re|)ared to 
do it in the most approved style and at the lowest rates 
I)Ossible. We have a handsniup hearse and 

Furnish an extra conveyance for friends 

free of charge. 

We nse J. C. Taylor & Son's Patent lnii>roved Ice 
Casket I'or pre.-erving the dead u-itli old air. . 

We also do endialniinn'. Our emhalniing keeps the 
bod}' for any ordinary length of time desired without 

The body after three or four days looks 
better than when first embalmed. 

We furnish any style of" colliti at short notice. For 
all distau'-t.s within 1.5 miles rates the same. Night 
attendanr-e same as day Mowei-sand stools "|)rovided 
if dt^sired. Connection by telephone with B^lvidere, 
Oxford, Tjroadway, Washington, PoitColden, Beattys- 
town, Ila'^kettstown and Schooiey's Aiounlains. 
Orders r)y telephone receivi-d. and telephone cliarges 
paid by ns. 

We do not take advantage of these occasions, 
but charge very reasonably. 

\ eryresi;ectl'ully, 


SiMox F. Tiio.MPsox, Undertaker, 
J H. ?\>RKER, Proprietf)r. 

.III. nUn I UW, Hardware, Stoves and Housefurnishing. 


holder. Anderson; Deats Jacob, boatman, ^Viiderson ; 
Deals Samuel, laborer, Anderson ; I)e,ii-a. Jacob, la- 
borei, Port Colden; Drake J. K., Beattysrovvn ; Drake 
Charles M., school teacher, Beattystown ; Inckson 
James, shoemaker, Beattystown; Danly .John (^., 
carpenter, Beattystown. 

F'iveritt Georo-e W., Kari'sville; Everitt Wm., Kairs- 
ville; Eakley John, laborer, Karrsville. 

Forester Wm , laborer. Port Muri-ay ; Fisher J. B., 
Esqnire, Beattystown ; Fislier James, lawyer, Be;)ttys- 
town; . Fisher Martin, Beattystown; Fisher Adam, 
Beattystown; Fenrick George. Karrsville; Forker 
•loliii \S' ,, dry goods, groceries etc.. Port Murray ; 
Fritts C. N., Anderson ; Frome J. Hill, Kai'i-sviilt:^. 

< .'arey Miss Snsanah, freeholder, Anderson; Garey 
Wm.. huckster, Anderson; Garey Brackley, laborer, 
Port Murray ; Gardner Alfred, Port Colden; Gardner 
Tlanlon, Port Colden ; Gardner Mary. Port Colden ; 
Gardner Wesley, laborer, Port Colden ; Gardner 
Amanda, freeholder. Port Colden; G bbs Richard, 

■|r i^ TY X^ Ik ^N "Ur J^'Witls in prices aud qnalily of goods. 

Townsbury ; Gulick Samuel, brakeniarj. Port Murray; 
Gulick Amanda, freeholder, Karrsville; Gulick Sarah, 
freeholder. Port Murray; Gulick .1. Q., l)()atm-in. 
Port Murray ; Gulick Rachel, fi-eeliolder, Pi-rl Mur- 
ray ; Gulick James, laborer, Karrsville ; Gulick Sarah, 
fre'diolder, Karrsville ; Gulick Kivin, laborer, Karrs- 
ville; Gruver John W., laborei-. Kari'sville; Gruver 
Anna S., freeholder, Poi-t Murray; Gray Aajon, boat- 
man. Karrsville; Gearcke Mary, freeholder, Poit Mur- 
ray; Gaston Wn^i. C, freeholder. Port Colden; Gib- 
son James, Port Colden; Gould James, Karrsville; 
Groondyke Thomas, Kai'i'sville. 

Hance Wm. Stevensbui'gh ; Hsnce Philip, laborer, 
Beittystown; Hance Jos., Beattystown; Hance John, 
B^^attystown ; Hance J. H., steward county house, 
Knirsville ; Harm Jeremiah, laborer, Beattystown; 
llann Lawrence, Ji. , laborer, Port Muriyy; Hann 
J(»hn, Jr., laborer. Port Muriay; Hann Arthur B., 
Kari'sville; Hann John, hotel kee]»er, Anderson; 
Hann Alfred, Anderson ; Hann Wm., Jr., laborer, 

li\u (laality CaiTii \\\\m and forts at Wade Bro,i, HaclietMof ii. 

THE BEST GOODS roR^^rym^-^i^ r^«*A** 13** 

THE LEAST MONEl AT^Wiiy^^ LaStOll, JT^.. 

Anderson; Hanu Stewart, laborei-, Port Murray; 
Hann Lawrence, laborer, Andei.son ; Hendershot Hol- 
awuv, laborer. Anderson; Hendershot John, la) )orer, 
Anderson; Hendershot Kobert S., Anderson; Hull 
l^,enjamin, laborer, Beattystown; Hook Augustus, 
laborer, Beattystown ; Huit" Charles E., laborer, Beat- 
tystown.; Husselton H." S., Beattystown; Husselton 
Jos., hiborei", Beattystown; Hoover Theodore, laborer, 
Port Murray; Hoover Klizabeth, freeholder, Port 
Murray; Hopj)augli iSaniuel, laborer. Port Murray; 
Hoppaiigh Teeter, Karrsville; Hoppaug-h Vernon, 
lab)rer, Karrsville; House (xeorge, Atjderson ; Hoiden 
Frank, laborer, Karrsville; Hoagland Theo. , Towns- 
bury; Hoagland Wni. H., ToWTisbury; Henry Jacob, 
Townsbury; Hoffman George, laborer, Karrsville ; 
Hotl'man Kebecca, freeuolder, Karrsville; Hoffman 
Ephniah, milier, Beattystown; Hoffman Oliver B., 
BeatC%'stown; Hipp John, Beattystown; Hipp Eliza- 
beth, "freeholder. Port Murray; Hipp James, gentle- 
man. Port Murray; Hipp Frances A., freeholder, 

I JlllOAPU'OEASTOW, PA. Largest Store, Largest 

LMll Dlllin O Assortm ents, an d One rJCe tO All 

Port Murray; Hipp Mark, laborer. Port Murray; 
Howell Lemuel, laborer. Port Murray; Hill Wm., 

Insho ^^ m., laborer, Anderson. 

Jorden Eden, laborer, Karrsvi le ; Jorden James, 
Karrsville; Jorden Jonathan, Karrsville; Johnson 
Henry, merchant, Beattystown ; Johnson & White, 
millers, Beattystt)wn ; Johnson Ezra, clerk, Beattys- 
town ; Johnson Wm., lalxner, Beattystown; Johnson 
David, laborer, i^eattystown ; Jon.s Mary A., free- 
holder, Port Murray; Jones Robert T., laborer. Port 

Ketcham W. H., Karrsville; Ketcham Lewis, i>'unt- 
er, Karrsville ; Ketcham John, Karrsville; King Wm. 
D., Huckettstown; Karr Walter, wheelwright, Karrs- 
ville; Karr Jos. K., Karrsvdle ; Karr Mark, Karrs- 
ville ; Karr Lewis, Andersc.n. 

Lee Ichabod, Port Murray; Larison Wm., miller, 
Karrsville ; Labar M. H., school teacher, Beattys- 
town ; Labar Lewis T., Beattystown ; Lance Fred- 

m?nnP!TTi'^ ? HTftT f Proprietors of the DOWNTOWN' 
AIliiiiLWi^ 4X aUlil, Drv Goods Hou-o, 205 Northampton 

Street, Easton, Pa- 



// \i{in\ tin:. :>r(>t i':s ami;. 
% isii I Mi u<nn>>. 


erick, hiboie]\ Ande'isdu ; Laiict,' AJ<»nzo. laborer, 
Townsbury; Jjouguore (u'oj-ge M , paiiiter, Kockport; 
Lawrence (jJeorge laborer. P(»rt Murray. 

MarJatr Win., Townsbuiy ; Marlatt Edward, Karrs- 
ville ; iMai'lair .lolm K., Kaiisville; JSJarlati . Nathan, 
laborer. IVattystown ; Marlatt -loiin F., laborer, Karrs- 
ville; Marl-itT Lewi.s, railroader, Port Murray; Mar- 
latt jSewion. laborer, Foil M unay ; Marlatt .lolin, 
Port Murray; Marlatt P>eiijauiin. iaboier, KarrsvilJe ; 
Marlatt Knianuel, laliorer, Karrsville; Miller J. 11.. 
Anderson: iMiller John, blacksmith, Anderson; Miller 
Jacob Jr.. Anderson; Miller Henry, railroader. Port 
Mnriay ; Millei- Hugli. Poi-t Mnri-ay ; Martin U. C, 
Beattystowii ; Millt:-!' AVni., laboier, To^^nsbury; 
Martenis ISichoias, KarisvilJe; Martenis Janu-s, labor- 
er, Port Murray; Marienis Jacob, Townsbury; Mai- 
tenis Zorenda, Townsbury ; Martenis Jacob Jr., labor- 
er, Townsbury; Martenis Sanmel, labo]-«^r. Port Mur- 
ray; Meii'ell il. VV., carpenter, Townsluiry; j\Lare Cy- 
rus, Port Murray; M<;Catharine Theodore, mason, 

HTTPAPH'"^' raetnti Pq ^|'Ecialattentio:n . jaiLKS and 

LaUDiiUn 0. D(l.MUll, la. DKESSGOODS. NEW • -OODS L)A1I>Y. 

Port -Mui-ray; Alayberiy Andrew, Poi't Mu)'ray; May- 
berry Fredeiirk, laboiei-. Port Murray; Mayberry 
Edward, laborei-, Poit Muriay; Mayberry Lawrence, 
iaborei-, J'ort Mnrray; iM ay berry John 11., laborer. 

:vr^A^:FL:K- 0"3r:R:E^:H]:E=LS, 

Washhif/toii .In. If A SII I MHOS, S. ,f. 

Tbf loieiiiost lucicluuit tiiilor of WasliiiiKtun and ^Val•^ell ctnmty is Mj'. 
Mark (JyiilieiH. wlio'lms I'nr many yeaih been onRaKe'l in Uiis spwial bnsiness, 
he having ovt-r thirty years ])ra<;tioc.' Ho lias in stucli, wliirli he is always pleased 
til show, awtll selected line of I'orcifjn and donxistie worsted cassinieres, «"tc.. of 
latest stylos, as will he foiaid in this j)ail of tlif^ country. He enjoys a larye 
patroiiaKe lioni anions the leading,' citizens of Washin^^ton and siirroundinfr 
towns. Hi lit and workuiauship, he K'l'i'aiitees perfect satisfaction. The latest 
faHlii(U) plates are in prnniincnt ])osit)ons, so that one is ahle to make f^ood 
Heiections as to styh; of cut wanted. Mr. Gyi)hers is the.' son ol' Win. i>. Cypheis 
whom old timers will renieniheras making "their best lilting suit. 

Port Muiray; Mayberry William, laborer, Poi't Mur- 
ray; Mowiey Saniupl, iaboier, \\n\ Mu)-iay; Mitcheil 
Reul»eu, (iisljjler and farmer, Karisvjlle ; Mitchell 
Jacob, Kaiisville ; Mitchell .John, carpenter, Karrs- 

EJUHI/tlC SOIAI) (AST sriCKL SCISSORS WnHntil Un^idnrmiQ C*rniin 
ASI, SlllCAItS JTor Salr- al mM MmM MOrC. 


VimKrom Easton, Pa. 


ville; Mitchell Ira, Port Golden; Moiider Daniel, boat- 
man, PortColden; .Mowder \\. H., utclier, Ander- 
son; M^iwder -lohn, Andeifson; Mowder Oarlieriue, 
freeholder, Anderson; Alcnvder Ellen, freeliolder, 
Anderson; Mowder Susan, freeholder, Anderson; 
Murphy Terence, laborer. Karrsville ; Myers Jatnes, 
blacksmith. Anderson ; Myers Clarissa, , freeholder, 
Anderson; McNee .lames, boatman, Karrsville; Mc- 
Cr^a Samuel, gentleman, Port Murray ; McCrea John, 
mer(;hanr, Port Muiray ; McCracken Cline, laborer, 
Anderson; McCathern John,, laborer. Port Murray; 
McCatherine Samuel, laborer, Port Murray. 

Nunn (t. T., Karrsville; iVunn Edward, boatman, 
Karrsville; IS unn Andrew M,, >veighmaster, Pont 
Golden; ^'unn Alfred, Port AJLurray ; Nunn John, 
Port Golden ; Nunu Thomas, lalxn-er, Ste})hensburg. 

Osmun Joseph E., J3eattystown ; Osmun John, 
laborer, Beattystown ; Osmun James, Karrsville. 

Parks Lewis S., Townsbury ; Parks Lewis Jr., 
Tuwnsbury ; Parks Thomas, laborer, Port Murray ; 


LAUDAufl ndSlUll, id. pet house bargains always 

Petty Aaron, Karrsville; Petty Wni., carpenter, 
Karrsville; Petty John A., laborer. Karrsville; Petty 
Jacob, carpenter, Karrsv ill.'; Petty Steven, laborer, 
Kirrsville; Petty Joseph, laborer, Karrsville; Petty 
James, la orer, 'Beattystown ; Petty Jacob P., car- 
])enter, }*(;rt Murray; Petty George W., carpenter, 
Karisville; Pool L^aac, blacksmith, Beattystown; 
Pool Oscar, blajKksmitli, Beattystown; Pierce VVil 
liara, laborer, Karrsville; l*eiry S. R., laborer, Pojt 
Murray; Perry Margaret, Ireeholder, Port Murray; 
Perry Mary A., freeholder, Poit Mtirray; Perry 
Lewis, laboi-er. Port Muiray; Perry B. G., Port Mur- 
ray : Perry Francis, freeholdei-. Port Murray ; Perry 
Elisha. lal>orer. Port Mini-ay ; I'eiiy Galvin, cl*-rk, 
Port Murray; Pidcock Mariuli, Port Murray; Price' 
David, wheelwright, Poit Murray; Pjice James, 
gentleman. Poit Muriity ; P/iine Theodore, Beattys- 
town; Prime Thomas, Beattystown, 

Quick John, Townsbury. 

Kobeson Eliza1)eth, freeholder, Beattystown ; 

Al^/^¥«A^«fr 9 XTaI^ 'iOo NurtLamptuuHt., Ea.stun, Pa. There* 
AJlUreWi «» INOII, HUUS.. l.-i- AloumingGoo^B. 




^T"^HE proprietor of this popular bazaar was born in 
X New York city about 37 years ago, and came to 
this county about 16 years ago. He was at that 
time selling the x)opulai- organs of Peloubet, Pelton & 
Co., manufactured at Bloomtield, N, .1. By his push 
and phick he made a x)aying busines of it. Fifteen 
years ago he settled at Port Murray and commenced 
witn a small capital, the business which lie is still pur 
suing. By indomitable courage and perseverance, 
together with strict attentioii to his business, he has 
built up a large and lucrative tiade. He has the best 
village stoie that there is in the county to-day. He 
carries from eight to ten thousand dollars worth of 
stock, and is i)repared to furnish you with what you 
want no matter wliat you may call for. He deals in 
everything. Uoods are delivered free of chaige, and 
sold at the lowest living profit, (iive him a call and 
be convinc(^d. 

I7r% ggJ^;^.;r/,yL "y; NORTON'S, Easton, Pa 


Robeson John R.. groceries and provisions. Port 
Murray; Rea Daniel laborer. Port Murray; Ruple 
Peter, mason Port Murr.y; Ruple John, railroader. 
Port Murray ; Reed Wni.. lime burner, Beattystown ; 
R^ed Jeremiah, laborer. Beattystown; Reed Jeremiah 
Jr., laborer. Beattystown ; Robertson Samuel, laborer, 
Beattystown : Rush Levi, Karrsville ; Ross David, 
laborer. Port Murray ; Ross Charles, laborer. Port 
Murray ; Ramsey Samuel, Anderson ; Ramsey Wm., 
gentleman, Port Murray ; Ross Silas, laborer, Karrs- 

Smith Jacob, Port Golden i Smith David, laborer, 
Beattystown : Smith Luke, boatman, Anderson ; 
Smith* Alfred (i.. Port Colden ; Smi<:li Samuel, black- 
s:nitL, Port Colden; Sniilli .loliii. blacksmith, ma- 
chinist and scale repairer. Port Colden ; Sniith George 
D., bo tman. Karrsville; Smith P. V.. Karrsville; 
Smith Wm., laborer, Karrsville; Smith Samuel, Jr., 
brakeman. Port Cclden ; Smith Wood, laborer. Port 
Colden ; Smith James, wood dealer, Hackettstown ; 

what' YOU WANT Ai LAUBACH S, E^ston, r^ 

.Sliiiinitkcr llc^iiry S.. blacksmith and wheelwi-ight 
shop. Port Murray; Shai'i) Aaron L., Townsljury; 
Sutton Robert. Port Murray Sutt' n L. \V., Port 
Murray ; Sutton Lewis, laborer. Port Munay ; Sntton 
Eugene, laborer. Port Murray ; Sovveis Henry, boat- 
man. Port Colden ; Sowers W:ii., laborer. Port Mur- 
ray ; Se.rt'oss Fi-ederick, tiack l)oss. Port Muijay ; 
Stevenson Hannah, freeholder. Port Murray ; Stevens 
Harvey, Port Murray ; Stevens Ransom, Port Mur- 
ray ; Somerville James, Ex Jii'lge, Port Murray; 
Scott Joseph, Ivrakeman, Port Murray ; Scott Isaac, 
Port Colden; Scott Abraham, [)lane-tender. Port Cold- 
en; Slater John, laborer, ]5eattystown ; Stires J. ii., 
miller, Karrsville; Stires Wm H. H., millw.iglit. 
Port Murray; Starker Jafob I).. laboiei-, P(M't (Jolden; 
Starker (xeorge, teamstei-, Anderson ; Sliafei' John, 
Anderson ; Snyder J. P., laborer. Port Murray ; Seals 
Harriet, freehoVler, Port Muriay ; Skinnei- Archibald, 
carpenter, BeattystOAvn ; Skinner Kmnia, freeholder, 
Beattystown ; Skinnej- Ja(;ob, (•ai'i)enter, Beattystown ; 

IMnDrU/Q 9 Wni C 20r>NorthHmptonSt., E ston, Pa. Sell the 
AnUnLlYO 06 nULr, l, nia^k and ('(.lon-d Silks. Gnarantoed. 

.III. liUnlUli, Hardware, Stoves and Housefurnkhing 


Win. Shields labnrer. Beattystown : Shano!! Davi«l. 
B'-uttystown ; Shrox)e Win , lalxtrer. Andei-soii ; Slik 
er David, laboiei', Anderson ; Sliker John B., llacU 
ettstown; Sinianton Koh-rt, Port Miin*ay; Sinumt'in 
Frank, Port Murray; Stewart .1. K. , Hacketlstc^wn ; 
Stewart George, tailor Hackettstown ; Stewai't .lolm 
O.. condnctor. Port' Mtiii-ay : Stewart VVilliain. 
Hackettstown; Stewart David, Hackettstown : Sickles 
Wni.. laborer, Hackettstown; Stewart Sarmiel, 

Trimmer Elias. Beattystown ; Trimmer Jacob. 
IVattystown; Tinsinan Cli ulotte, tVeelit-lder. JIacketts 
town : Tinsman Samuel, laborer, Hackettst »wn ; 
'I'homas Samuel, Beattystown ; Thomas Jacob. Karrs 
ville ; Thaw B. F., tia(Jv boss, T*oit (-old^n ; Thomson 
\V. 11., miller, Beatt>'-town ; Thomson Samuel, millpv. 
Beattystown; TIioiib|>!»<»ii S. F., carriagemaker . and 
undertaker, Port Murray ; Turnei' Wm., laborer, Port 
Munay; Tayloi- Saiah. Washington; Tunison Cor- 
nelius, Karrsville ; Tunison John, laborer, Karrsville. 

|'^Y|nrj|rt|Jj»rtlo^i.Sl()X. Pa. cloaks an.l WllAPS of 
^l^mjfil^ll ^ ( vct'v (l>'^cn|ition. Our Own Manufacture,' 

Vaiisyckle A. .Gf, Anderson; Vaiis.vckle ^Irs. 

!llrtr.V *^-? dry goods, groceries etc., Anderson; 
Vleit* William D.. Beattystown ; Vleit George, 
Beattystown; Vangoid<»n M(>ses, Kari'sville; Van 
dor.'U Tlioma-^. laboiHr, Beattystown; \'anatta Sam- 
uel, Anderson; Vanatta John H., Anderson; Voss 
John B., Karrsville; \^usler Joseph, laborer, And'-r- 
.son : V^a.rus John W., laborer, ToAvnsbuny. 


Dcalfi- in Jewelry of all lands. Musical IiiHtiuuients, Pens, I'onoils, Inli, 
MncilaKC and Novelties of every descriiition. Watches, Clocks and .lewelry i-c- 
))air('d and warranted. 

White H. D.. Br-aitystown; White Koswell, Beattys- 
town; White Wm., Beattystown; Weller A. W., 
Port Golden: Weller Kugene, Port Colden; Weller 
S. K., Port (Jolden ; Winters Danic^l, boatman. Port 
Murray; Wintej-s Manning, boatman, Port Murray; 
Waters E., Stevensburg; Waters J., Stevensburg ; 

All MndT'onPAINTS and OILS - -^^^^^ «^'««- 

r//f ffiJr%/oiEr ^tNORTON'S Eastoii, Pa, 


Waters Jolin, Stt^vensburg ; Wolf Win., Kansville; 
Wolf Peter, laborer, Karrsville ; Wiley Jackson, la- 
borer, Port Miirijiv ; Wiiitiij Mute, laborer, Beattys- 
town; Will ever .larob 11., agent, Port Murray; Wil- 
lever Jos., laboi^-r, Kairsviile; Woodruff Jacob, 
Karrsviile; Wandling W. C, Stepliensburg; Welsh 
J. C, Hackettstown ; Wiison Clarissa, freeholder, 

Youn^', Nancy i)., Hackettstown; Youngblood L. 
J., Hackettstown; Yavvger John, caipenter, Karrs 
viile; Y'awger James, engineer, Port Murray. 

Zellers John, Hackettstown; Zellers William, Port 
Mui'ray ; Zellrs Robert, PortMuriay ; Zellers Elisha, 
laborer, Port Murray; Zellers Morris, laborer, Port 
Murray; Zellers Obadiah, laborer. Port Murray. 


New Jefsev Bafgaio loose 

Dealer in all kinds of inercliaudisfr. lto(»l»< fiiul ^hoeK a 
t^pecialtv. Keadv-iuadt Dlotliiiijii; in cikHokk variety. La- 
dies and (rent's Furnislnn^'' (loods. Aj^eiit for tlie !\€»>v 
YorkHewiiry: .>lsichiiie. Ms )a<.fnt tVn Tli«» liiir^estf 
Carp.'l Houwe ill x\€»f% York C'ii.v. On tliebe^'oods 
I defy conipfitition. ^'rockery in almndance. Parlor, 
Ranf^e and Cook Stoves always on liand and at the loweHt 
possible prices. Give me a call and be convinced. 





Cemetery plots enclosed- with mar- 
ble or oranite posts, and w ith ,aalvan- 
ized railing-. Also dealer in all kinds 
of Cemetery Fixtures, as 

Grave Borders. Flower Fixtures, etc. 

Desie^ns furnished eheerfutl\' to a 
|)ersons on application. Prices 
reas(jnal)le and work done 
in the very best style. 

Thankful for past fax'ors. I solicit a 
continuance of the same. I always 
tr\/ t(^ please. 

Shop and Yard, Broad St, 



• f Oxford is ( 

is oiu; of the westeru border townships of the count\ . It is 
\»i/ bouuded oil the northeast by Hope, southeu&t by ilanslield 
and Washiugton, on the southwest by Harmony, and on the w est and 
n»)rthwest by the Delaware river and Kuowlton township. 

It wa.'^ tormed from Greenwich township about the year 1753 or 1755, 
and received its name in honor of Oxford University. England, at which 
place the lather of one of Oxford's chief pioneer's was educated. The 
wwnship contains 32.17 square miles or 20,589 acres of kind. The 
soil of the townsLip is a mixture of clay and gravelly loam, with a layer 
of limestone and slate underneath. .u the valley it is especiall}- fertile 
and su.sceptible of cultivation, the hills also, yielding readily to the farm- 
ers plow. 

The surface of Oxford is perhaps as uneven asanyinthe county, 
it has however, a proportionately extensive front along the Delaware, 
which, wlu;n added to the Pequest valley, gives it considerable flat sur- 

There are numerous mountain ranges in the township, among which 
are Scott's along the >,outheast bordi-r of the township, going we.-itvvard 
or north weslwara we have next the Ragged Ridge, an entension of Mar- 
ble mountain running into this township; from Harmony and parallel 
wiih Scott's; Manunka i^huiik mountain in the northwest and along the 
Delaware is the next and last westward range, of importance. Scotv'a 
mountains lie between Scott's and Ragged Ridge, and Mount Nomore, 
judl west of Oxford Furnace, beside several others that arc up to this 
time, nameless. 

The principal streams are Request Creek, which Hows through the 
tt»wnship ill a southwesterly direction and empties in the Delaware at 
IJelvidere. Beaver IJiook and Furnace Creek boih tributary U) the Pe- 
quest Cieek; Oxford Cieek, a tributary to the Delaware and Buck 
Horn Brook flowing into Harmony township. The Delaware river may 
also be numbered among the the streams of Oxtbrd. it washes the 
weatern side of the township and furnisiies excellent water power at var- 
ious pouits. About half a mile below what is known as Raphaudusiug 
Cr«ek, is Fool Rift, where the channel of the nver is rapid and naviga- 
tion is dangerous. 

The pioneer settlers of Oxford, were, a Mr. Oxford and a Mr. Creen, 
who were .soon followed by a numbei of other lamilies, most of whom 
came iKitwecn 17:15 und 17K». Tin- fii.-.t cftngregatifin was formed at Ox- 
ford FuruuC uboiii ihf viar 1T4G, a >hoil liiue afu-i the starling of the 
Fui'nacc. The second cougiegaliou wa? lormed at old Oxford in 174^. 


The (owns of tlic township are a« follows: 

Oxford Furnace, tlie cLk-f town, is siluatfd (>n the Delaware, Lacka- 
waimu and Western Railroad, in the soiillioasfern part of he township, 
The first settler was Jonallian Robeson, the son of the Rohesf)n in honor 
ol"wh)se alnui nialer the township was named, .Jonallian Itolieson huilt 
the old pioneer furnace al I his plaec, and w.-.s henee Mie furnace of the 
town. Oxford FurnaiX' is really niad(^ up ot several small towns, Fur- 
nace Hill on Ihe east, Jonestown on the south, Dutch Hill on the west, 
Pittengervilleon the northwest and Hniiihvilleou 'iie north, all of which 
are so peculiarly lacated thai the town taken as a whole cannot be dis- 
tinctly seen from any one of these, and no one passing- Ihrouo-h the place 
would suppose the population to be <^ven nearly what it is. 1 he mer- 
cantile business of the place is mostly conducted by the companj' store, 
which is perhaps the largest of i ^^ kind in the county. Jonestown has 
a general store, Dutch Hill two stores, Smithville a small store and drug 
store besides some other small business places scattered throughout the 
Furnace. The principal business enterprise* are the rolling mills and 
nail works in which .s(!veral liimdred hands are employed There are 
four churches at this jilace. .Methodist, I'resbyterian, Roman Catholic, 
and Lutheran. 

Kutt/.ville. a small town, is situated also on the line of the D. L..& AV. 
RR. in the eastern part of the township and in the Pe([uest Valley. It 
has a Methodist Church, school house, grist mill, hotel building, 
store and post office. The lichigh and Hudson Railroad also has a 
depot at this place. 

Bridgeville is situated also in the Pecjuest Valley, a little to the north- 
west of Butt/.ville. The Cedar (rrove grist mill, a school house, an old 
hotel buikliug, and depot of the D. L & W. RR. are located here. 

Sarei>ta, in the northern part of the township, has a grist mill. 9cho(d 
house and blacksmitli shop. The principal business interests of this 
section is the Limestone qu.irry, whi<;h (imployes a number of men, and 
does considerable business. O.xford now known as "Hazen Post office" 
in honor of the third assistant Post in;«5ter General of the United States, 
is situated a little sf)uthwesl of the center of the township. It has in 
addition to its post ofTicc, a store, school house and blacksmith shop. 
The old O.xford chuich is located at this jdace. 

Oxford township has much mineral wealth, which is in course of pro- 
gressive developemenl and i)romises to be a very important industry. 
Tiie receiil develo|)emeni,s in this direction have been considerable. 
Ther<! are seven cemetaries iti the township, two at Oxford Furnace, 
two al Oxford village, Summerfield cemetcay, Butt/ville cemeteiy, and 
an old grave yard ou the Young farm in the southwest corner of the 

The township has excellent wat«r power facilities furnished by the 
Petjuest Cr(;ek and the Delaware river. Present population about 4500. 
bchuols in the township. 9, scholars, 1,199. 


Township Directory. 

Alt wkoaa oocation la itot 'inentloiied are farmers. 
The Post Office addresses not given in this tmonshixj 

are Oxford. 

Anderson Fred, laborer; Albra Fred., laborer; 
Aiistiouse Charles, miner; Allen Jameiii A., 

druggist; Alien B. O., Buttzville ; Albrect John, la- 
borer, iiuttzvilie; Atwood F. F., teacher; Ayrue 
Soriein, factory- hand, Buttzville ; Ayres Peter, la- 
borer, Buttzville; Appleman Geo. M., laborer ; Ander- 
son Wm., miller, Buttzville ; Ayers Aaron, watchman, 
Buttzville; Amendt William, laborer; Angle 1. J., 
operator, Bridgeville ; Ayers John i3., Buttzville; 
Alien E. C, storekeeper; Ajjplemau Joab, teacher, 
Actard Clias., miner; Appleman Peter; Allen Wm., 
clerk, Buttzville; Anderson Daniel, Buttzville; Ax- 
I'ord Eugene, telegraph operator ; Anderson Andrew; 
laborer; "Armstrong Wm. B.; AaToye Peter C, la- 
borer ; Arudt Fred. , miner ; Arndt Aug ustus, laborer ; 


LAUDAun b haSIOIi; ra. pet house, bargains always 

Arndt Chns. , laborer ; Arndt Herman, laborer ; 
Arndt Julia, householder ; Amendt Wm. Jr./, miner; 
Amendt Henry, miner; Anderson Hugh E., miller, 
Bridgeville; Anderson A., miner; Angle W., Belvidere ; 
Anderson Peter, laborer; Atkins Charles, teacher; 
Appleman Jacob, laborer; Abt) Joseph, miner; Axl'ord 
M. J. book iigenc ; Axford Wm., station- agent. 

Boolfman Creorge, laborer ; Bush Philip E., laborer; 
Belka Wm.. laborer; Rosenberry John, carpenter; 
Bullock Samuel, laborer; Burke John, laborer; Burke 
Patrick, laborer ; Briening Nick, puddler; Briening 
John, jjuddier; Bus block Martin, laborer; Bushlock 
Yerkie, laborer; Bardrow August, laborer; Burge 
Joseph, laborer; Beck Chas., laborer, Buttzville; 
Burdine Joseph, Bridgeville ; Biger (ieorge, laborer; 
Barry Thomas, puddler; Bartron JJavid, lawyer; Bar- 
tron George, shoemaker; Bartron Harvey G., shoe- 
maker; Burd J. C, cooper; Burd George VV., laborer; 
Burd Theo. P., superintendant cooper shop ; Burd 
John; Bush Chas. A,, carpenter; Bush John A., la- 
borer; Burns Patrick, puddler; Burns Robert, puddler; 

TwnOf'WC 7 WftT ^ Proprietors of the "DOWN TOWN" 


.III. 11 U El I U 11, Hardware, Stoves and Housefiimlshing. 

434 Oxford"" TO vvnship. 

Buckley Edward; Buckley James, hlacksiiiith; Bay- 
lor M. B., merchant; Baylor AVilliam, mason, Baylor 
J. C, carpenter; Brown James, laborer; Brown Jolin 
W., puddler: Bumgaidner Fred., laborer; Bum- 
i^'ardner Charles, nailer; Bowman \Vm. H., laborer; 
Bell Thomas, mouldei; Biglow Fred., clerk; Belka 
Fred., miner; Belka Theodore, minei-; Brecker John, 
laborer; Barrett Jf)hn, laborer; Bennett James, la- 
borer; Bennett J. R., bookkeeper, Bntlzville; Bur- 
miller Paul, puddler; Biessino- Manx, miner; Burden- 
back Lewis, laborer; Bramfahan Martin, lal)orer; 
Beam Lyman C , laborer; Beam Erastus, lal)orer; 
Beam VVilliam, car})enter; Bembler Wm., nailer; 
Brenian Lawience, nuichinist; Beam Jacob, laborer, 
Bridgeville; Bowers Jeremiah, laborer. Belvidere; 
Balog- Michael, laborer, Bridgeville ; Banghart Aljdie- 
us. Biittzville; Banghart Henry A.; Bauji^hart Ge(j. 
W.; Banghart Michael, Bridgeville; Brands W. S., 
Belvideie; Boaidman Wm., laborer, Belvidere; Beam 
A., laborer; Buid Wm., Ilazen; Buttz John R. Sr., 

I AIIIIAril'CEASTOW, PA. L^gest store, Largest 

B-nUDMUn O Assortments, and One ' rice tO All 

Biidgeville; Banghait William M., Bridgeville; Beam 
Jacob, laborer; Brokaw fcamuel, hot+^t, Buttzville ; 
Bowei-s Samuel, Roxburg; Buttz Henry. Belvidere; 
Butt'/ Edwa 1(1, J^)elvidere; Banghart John, Buttzvilh ; 
J3(nvlby R. M., Montana; Beers David. Montana; 
Beers Edward, Roxburg; Butler Daniel H., Belvidere; 
Butlei- Cfershom C, Belvidere ; Bennett Wm. H., 
Bjidgeville; Becher Jacob, laborer, Hazen ; Butt/ 
John H., Bridgeville; Boy er Thomas M. Biidgeville; 
Boyer (xeorge, Bridgeville; Bird John W., laborer, 
J^ridgeville ; Bird Jacob J., Montana; Bird Jacob M., 
llazen; Bird Elijah W., Hazen; Bird Barton B., 
ilazen; Bird Hj. P., mechanic; Baylor J. C, engineer; 
Brost John, miner; Bell John F., moulder; Butler 
Edward, Montana; Beam Conrad, lal)orer; Biokaw' 
t'oi-nelius, Ilazen; Banghart George, Biittzville; Bay- 
1)1- .Moses A., Montana; Brokaw John, Hazen; Burd 
J. W., Hazen; Baylor Wm., blacksmith, Hazen; 
iJusli J. S., laborer, Hazen; Burd Calvin, cooper; 
Butler VV^m., Belvidere; Brands Henry, Belvidere; 

^HlELU.S' ■ntTnon+irk 'Dnni/\<lir A •ure euro for DyBuei>!*l», Sick or 
i>,FAi.LlbLJi UypepilC ItemeCiy, Nervou» Uc»aiicU». Uu«ri»at«*a. 

^S^Jf ^^r"r>?^/'rrNORTON'S, Easton, Pa 


Burns Patrick, laborer; Burns Petei-. watchman; 
Brown John, piiddler; liurd John, JVJonrann : Beam 
Philip. BridgeviJle: Bessns Jack, laborer, Bridgevilie; 
Bishop Robert, .shoemaker. Biidgeville; Bropsky 
Patrick, laborer. Iji'id.ueville ; Bowlby .Jacob, laborer, 
Bridgevilie ; Beam Cornelius, laborer; Beam ,)ohn 
P., Bridgevilie; Beam (xeo. F., Bridgevilie; Bonnell 
Wm. P., milk dealer, Belvidere ; Beers Klislia; Burd 
J.; Bover (xetn'ge, Biidgeville; Burd Jacob A., Mon- 
tana ; bishop A. C, Bridgevilie ; Burns John, puddler. 
Cntsler James, »>oilermaker ; Cntsler William, coop- 
er; Custler Morris, laborer; Cooper Aaron; Cooper 
Britton, laborer; CreagerWm. S., carpenter; Cvphets 
William, laborer; Christian C, Montana; Clyraer 
John, Bridgevilie; Costinalker John, miller, 
Bridgevilie; Cline G. M. ; Clymer Isaac, Buttzville; 
Craig- Kobert, Buttzville; Ciaig M .1,, clerk. Buttz- 
ville; Craig S. J.. Buttzville; Crais 'riioiiia»«. 
merchant, Buttzville, 'N. J.; Craig John ,!., Buttz- 
ville; Curts E., Buttzville; Cline William, Bridge- 



ville; Cole Samuel, biickmakec, Hazen ; Cyphers A. 
B., laborer, Belvidere; Cypheis Philip, Koxburg; 
Cowell E., wheel wi-ight, Buttzville; Creagei- James, 
Buttzville; Cyphers James, Belvidere; Chambeilain 
Wm.. letired I'ajmei-, Hazen; Cole J. H.. agent, 
Hazen; Cole Coineliiis, laboier; Cole Chris ,J ; Cole 
Thomas; Cole .lames, biickniaker; Hazen; CfJe 
George, brickmaker, Hazen; Cole Jesse, biickmakei', 
Hazen; Cox William, blacksmith ; Compton Samuel ; 
Cronon Mahlori ; Cocron John ; Cline Wm. B., laborer; 
Cooper Jacob, engineer; Coo])ei* C. (!., Hazen ; Cooper 
Frederick, engineei-; Casey David, laboicr; Casey 
James, laborer; Cline Fred, laborer, Cline Peter, 
miner; Cline Rev. E. C, Piesbyferian pastor; (Joweil 
John S., wheelwijghr, Buttzville; Cooper John W.; 
Cooley Thomas, minei- ; Cook William . laborei-; Cook 
Garret A.; Call Wm. II., Jr., nailer; Call Wm. R., 
Sr.. nail*^!' • Collins Daniel, laborer ; Collins William, 
puddler; Camp A. D., hiborei- ; Coy Thomiis, puddler; 
Gross William, laborer; Chiistianson .Jac(;b, iab(;rej-; 

AlinDni/*? fi. Uni t 205 Northampton St., Ei.s^on, Ph. Hell the 
AnUnLllO Ob HULr, l,ost UlacU ana Coloml Hilks.. GimranhH-d. 





Calpin Thomas, laborer; Cole Willinni, bnokmaker, 
Montana; Cressman David. coo])er, Montana; Creagei* 
John B., nailer, Montana; Creager Jacob, nailer, 
Montana; Clpsky David, i:>nddler; Cottle TJieodore, 
nailer; Cawley S., milliner; ClaAvson Sigler. lurness 
ehoj); Clawson J. S., miner; Cosgrove John, pnddler; 
Coleni.'in John, laborer, Bridgeville; Carroll John, 
labore)', Biidgeville; Cyphers E. B.. Belvidere; Cro- 
non Matt, laborer, Bridgeville; Coughlin John, labor- 
er, Bridgeville; Case Stewart, laborei', Bntr/ville; 
Clinp Elijah J.; Cressman Christian; Col- Heiijy C, 
laborer; Cole Hen' y C, Montana ; Cox Elijah ; Chris- 
tianson James, laborer; Christianson Jacob, laborer; 
Christians- -n Peter M., miner; Cral't Henry, laborer; 
Childs James, laborer; Cryan Hngh, ]al)orer ; Carley 
Michael, puddler ; Calpin Thomas, laborer; Coy 
Tiiomas, ])ii(l(ller; C ;sey D^inicl, ti'ackman ; Casey 
.lames, laborer ; Coni'oy ('oniod. laboi-er; Cole Wil- 
son, laboiei', Haz(Mi. 

Docker Joseph, nailer; Docker \^'illiilm, iiailci'; 

▼ A TT^J A ^^13" Ijeads in prices and quiilitv of t^oods. 
X^XX U il^X^^JH KASTON r.i. 

Docker Henry, la)>orer; Dockei- GecMge, hiickste]-; 
Dockej" WiilbT. iiailej*; Doiigherl y Sie])ht'n. gale- 
terirhM-; Dotighcilv .la lies. Ial)oi('i'; De.tnpsev Miuliri. 
puddler; Davis David, puddler; DiillMohii, 'pnddler; 
Dee Daniel, leaiiislei-; Dell M. Jl.. K^aiiistei': Devany 
Patii(;k. laboiei'; Dolbey Lewis, laboi'ei'; Devens 
(ieorge, laborer; DiakeJ'. W.. laborei-; Davis A. W., 
teacher; Dernbejger Jacob; jteai'boiii (i. S., ])hysi- 
cian and surgeon; Daly William,, laborei-; Dearborn. 
G.H, agent; Diesback G. H.; Dean David, laborer, 
BridgevillM ; Donnelly Hugh, ])uddlei' ; Davis LeAvis, 
laborei-; Derringer (.'eorge, laborei-, Bridgeville ; Dop- 
kie Fred, Belvidniv; Davison .lohn, Belvidere; Davi- 
son Lewis, Ha/en; Daly Solomon, laborer, Hazen; 
Dmimdly John C. laborei-. liiidgeville ; Dean Geo. 
AV., ih-idg.-ville ; Di(-kiiisou iSiniou, laborer, Bridge- 
ville; Drumboss Elias, laborer, Belvidere; ])alrymple 
Wm., Afontaua; DalrvmjJe Win., Sr., Montana; Dal- 
ryrnple Wm. C.. Montjua; Dalrymple Daniel, Mon- 
-lllih. -^'oidana : Dalrynj])l- Bi-njaiiiin, Montana; Dal- 

Eitra doality Caryiog hm MMnimfMi'MMhlmi 

^'i/irjijs^^T jxo.vEi'.i'i'NOIlTON'S Easton, Pa. 

OXFORD Township. ^ 437 

rymple John, Montana; Dalvymple Thomas, puddler; 
Ua]rynii:>le H^-niy, laborer; Dean Nelson, laborer; 
Urikit John, laboier; Donovnn Corm^lius. puddler; 
Dillworth John, laborer. 

Emery Joseph, Bridgevilln ; Exlnr Jacob, hostler ; 
Eckmeker John, puddler; Estler Ezi-a, nailer; Estler 
Lewis, clerk Euler Alex, ,]r., uiiilei' : Euler Alex, 
Sr., saloon; Edwards James, puddler; Edingei- E., 
Bridgevllle; Edgar Josiah, Bridgeville; EaryeC. W., 
Bridgeville; Edinger Amos, Jr., Montana; Edinger 
Alexandii.i, Montana; Eiickson Peter, laborer; 
Erambenst A. G, laborer; Echart Rudolph, miner; 
Fountain George, puddle ; Foley Tli<^mas, lal)orer ; 
Foley Peter, millhand; Foley W. M., miUhand; Fow- 
ler Fredeiick, clerk ; Fowlei- Mrs., boaiding liouse; 
Forrester H. (!.; Finnegan John. [)uddler; Polkner 
J. fi),, teamster; Folkner Albert, puddler; Forgus 
J< hn ; Forgus Pan'l; Pox Wilson, nailer; Fox Sam- 
uel, laborer ; Fox George, nailei-; Foss Diuiiel, car- 
penter; Fitzgerald Thomas laborer; J^'itchtel Michael, 

I AIIDIIPII'Q ^'^^'^^'^^' ^'■^- ^"''"''^^^^^ 'i'"! WRAPS of 
LMU Un Wll O ''^("-ly cl('Scni(it:()ii. Our Own Manufacture, 

feeder; Flyiin John, laborer; Frome Jacob P., huck- 
ster; Fronit' Williiiiii. Moutima; Frome .lohn, book 
agent; Frome J icob. I'ridgeville; Frome Peter, labor- 
er, Montana ; Freet John, laborer, Biidgeville; Folk- 

KK »I.KI! I\ 

Clothing, Carpets, Oilcloth and General Merchandise. 

Ageiil !or 

Lehigh and Free Burning Ant''racite Coal, and 
Mapes' Complete Manu esrnd 'fertilizers. 

Highest Casli Prices \k\U\ (or giJiiii .tiid all onlersfor lliesame prompt- 
ly tilled. AH Merchaiuiise delivered free of cliarge. 

:^Xn?TC52!5T7'I31fILi-E, INT. J. 

■ner Dennis R., laborn)-. Jhittzvili*-; PifHm;in TlHiny, 
Bridgevilh-; Forrnster Aiidivw. Ihidgeville ; Frilts 
Benjamin, Bridgeviih-: FInmpifHll (rpo. P., fJi-id^-- 
ville ; Fliimerfelt Geo. B., BridgHville; Pitts Josepn, 

AflflrPTTTC! !t TTnlf -'^">^''rthjiniptoiiHt.,Faston,Pa. Thero- 

li;d)l<- HOUSE for Mourning Ooola. 

. m. NORTON ^^i^c^^^^^^^ ^-'^^^""^^^^^" 

438 oxford" TO WNSII I P. 

Montana ; Fitts Geo'^re, Mont ma : Fitts Samuel. 
Hazei) ; Fitts W. L., Tlazen ; Fitts Jacob, Hazen ; Fo- 
ley Thomas, pnddler; Foley Peter, pnddler ; Foley 
William, laborer; Foss Andrew, rarpt^nter; Fang- 
bonner Abram, Montana; Franson George, trackman; 
Frick Fred, laborer; PVancis George, nuichinist; Fnl- 
iner Jacob, laborer, Bnttzville; Fray Peter, laboier, 
Belvidere; Fray Joseph Belvidere; Flatt Charles, 
laborer ; Finns George, laborer, Belvidere. 

Gardner Jacob, puddler; Gross John, laborer; 
Glynn Thomas, teamster; Gartlgnd James, nailer; 
Griffiin John, puddler; Garvey Owen, boarding house; 
Gano Joseph, miller; Gano Herbert, clerk; Gnriss 
Jason, mail-agent, Bnttzville; Giilick John M., Bnttz- 
ville; German William, laborer. Bnttzville; ^iray 
William, merchant ; Gray Robert, merchant ; Grogei - 
son Hans, laborer; Grogerson Michael, laborer; 
Grogerson Nelson, laborer; Girke Julius, laborer; 
Guy Samuel, Montana; Grundahl Jeit", laborer; 
Gardner Samuel ; Gross Jacob, labor er; Gi' l Patrick, 

I ill I R A P |l *QEASTOIVr, pa. Largest Store I argest 

laMUDHUll O Assortments, and One riCB tO All 

laborer; Giese William, laborer; Grern Jeremiah G., 
laborer, Bridgeville ; Gingles Jame> M., Bridgeville ; 
Gingles Peter, Bridgeville ; Garrison Amos D. Buttz- 
ville; Gougher Joseph, laborer. Hridgeville ; Guli(;k 
Lemuel,'laborer, Bridgeville; (Tulick Theodore, Bridge- 
ville; German George, laborer, l^uttzville; Grofl' 
Enoch, laborer; Guile William, ca]-])enter; Guise 
Samuel, laborer. 

Haycock George, nailer; Haycock Lewis, nailer; 
Hunt Isaac, niiiler ; Hyler H. A., nailer; Hardaraan, miner; Hornbaker Wm., nailer; Hombaker 
John, stai>le kee])ei'; Heath Samuel B, laborer; 
Heath Israel, i)uddler; Hanlan Domiuick, laborer; 
HillH-rt Joseph, postmaster ; Hilbert Micijael, engi- 
neer; Hochgs'end Chas., nailfeeder; Hays Wm., 
puddler; Hoagland L. B., physician; Hoagland 
B., druggist; Hoairland Nathan R. ; Hill S B., book- 
keeper; E[igii:ius Michael. la])orej-; Hixon George, 
Bnttzville; Howell Geo., Hazen; Heater Elias, la- 
l)orei-; Hartman John, laborer; Hartman Geo., la- 



^'.NORTON'S Easton, Pa^ 


I'Orer ; Henciershot Henry; H«iideish^)t Ellsworth, la- 
borer; tlendershor Michael, Bridgeville ; Hysinger 
Geo.; Harbers Henry, blacksmith; Hon Theodore, 
Buttzville; Hoit Nathan, Biirrzville; Hoit John U., 
Buttzville ; Hamson Ansel, laborer, Buttzville; Hop- 
ler Henry, Hazen ; Hoit Thomas, laborei, Buitzville ; 
Hissam M<jses, laborer, Bridge v iile ; Hixuii John, 
Bridgeville; Hixou Wm., laborer; Hartpence E. c! 
mine prospector, Buttzville; Herman Freu., Huzen ; 
Herman Henry, Beividere; Herman Henry, laborer; 
Howard Charles, laborer, Hazen ; Haley Michael, 
watchmaker; Howell Chas., laborer; How-^il Thomas, 
laborer; Hariing Thomas laborer; Harling Henry, 
furnace manager; Harling Wm., lal)orer; Harling 
Benjamin, laborer; Hessel John, laborer; Hyler 
Moses, nailer ; Holf man John, wheelwright ; Holfman 
Christopher, mason ; Hotfman Jr'eter, laborer ; Hoff- 
man Samuel, laborer; Hott'man Abram, laborer, 
Bridgeville; Hoffman Fred,, mason, Bjidgeville; 
Henaerson Wm., puddler, Bridgevibe ; Henderson 

wHAT^ou WANT Ai"* LA u BACH S, E^stoii, Pa. 

Robert Sr., freeholder, Bridgeville ; Henderson Robert 
Jr., puddler, Bridgeville; Henderson Maitin, puddler, 
Bridgeville; Kendershot Jacob, Bridgeville; Hender- 




shot John, Bridgeville; Hardyman Hugh, puddler ; 
Houau Patrick, track hoss; Houan John, laborer; 
Harden Frank, laborer; Hummer Wm. S., engineer; 
Hill Obediah; Hamilton Patrick laborer , Heist Jas.; 
laborer ; Hayes Isaac L., Bridgeville; Hayes Rev. J. 
L., clergyman, Butizviile ; Henderson Christopher, 
labujer; Hussin Fred., laborer; Hott'man Jonathan, 
laborer; Hottnian (.'has., laborer, Bridgeville; Houg- 
lan Levi; Houglan Enos; Hornbaker Ceo., Hazen; 
Hunt Charles L , painter, Buttzville; Hunt Wm. L,, 
painter, Buttzville ; Henry Wm., nailer ; Henry Jacob 

tTTn^r'Tf? ?. WHT !T Proprietors of the "DOWN TOWN" 
Aiiiiuliill^ & liUL^. Dry Coods Hou .e. 205 Nortt>«mpton 
MtivMHiiw •»• •!«■■, Street, Easton, Pa- 


•n ^; 

II i I! lift AJiK. SI'O f'JCS A\0 UOVSHFIH. 

440 . OXFORD lOWNSlIir. 

H.. Biidgeville; Henry Jerome, laborer; Howell 
A ram, laborer, Hridgeville; Hufciuiisoii S. M., 
minister, liazen ; Hixon IJicliard, Huttzvilie; llilder- 
bi-anf .1. H., Helvidere ; lleiuy .losej)li, Bridgeville;. 
Hopler TlieDilbre, county clerk, Belvidern; Hoit 
Lewis J5., Hutlzvilie; Hendeisliot M., J^)UttzviJe; . 
Hoit M., Jjiittzville; Hysler Henry, laborer, Hutlz- 
ville; lloriibaker (leo., Montana; Hixon Jasper, 
Hridgeville ; llixon Samuel S., Biidgeville; Hoag- 
land'K. VV. ; Hoit Caleb, Huttzville; Howard \Vm., 
Hazen ; Homadieu Joseph, Hazen; Hansen Peter, la- 
borer; Hansen Cliiis. 1)., laborer; Hanson Chris , la-, 
borei'; Husselton iSamnei A'., Bridgeville; Husselton 
Irvin, Biidgeville; Hanson Hans, laborer; Hartzell 
A. C, Belvideie; Halsted Albert, Jielvidere; Hol- 
(uvn Frank, laborer, Bridgeville; Hellman John, 

Irvin Nelson, mason; Insco Han. 1)., ])nddler ; Ike 
Geo., miner, Buttzville; Ike Andrew, miner, Biittz- 
ville ; Hick Charles, laborer, Belvidere ; Irwin Hans, 

lAITRAPtl^' rot'tnii Pq SL'J':cIALATTKNT10>; ^ j«ij.KS AND 

laborer; Jemieger Jacob, laborer; Johnson Carl, 
laborer; Johnson John, laboi'er; Johnson Ben j., pnd- 
dler ; Johnson (rustave, heater; Johnson Clias. J., 
laborer; James Jacob, laborer; Jones Newman; 

"^ S. J-. OI3STJBID, 


J)i:aij;i{ in 



Aj^ent I'o) Stcuiiisliii) JjineK. I'. O. Box 227 

Jones Alfred, teamster; J(mes JSanjnel; Jones Wm. 
A.; Jcmes Jolin ; Jones John A., Buttzville; Jones 
William, i)uddlei'; J<mes Peter, nailer; Jones Isaac; 
J<mes Jacob; Johnson Andrew, miner; Jones J. P., 

STEP LADDERSTfMcF Wware"S[ore. HaiMowii. 


"rimTOFZ, Easton, Pa 


Hazen ; Jones Edward, Buttzville; .lingles William, 
Buttzville ; ioliiisoii Juiiu A., BiidgeviUe ; Johnson 
Richard C , niercliant, Hazen; Johnson Xels, laborer; 
Johnson Jesse, lanorer; Johnson Chris, laborer; John- 
son Lewis, laboi-er; Jones W^iiliam, laborer; Jones 
Saiiiuel 1).. farmer, Hazen; Janney i^'red, saloon; 
Janney Chris, laborer; Jepson Otto, miner; Jepson 
Myers, miner; Jepson Uhler, minei ; James David, 

Kempie William, laborer; Kemjjle Wm. ¥., labor- 
er; Kemple Antone, boarding house; Kempsey Pat- 
rick, miner; Kemjjsey Bartley, miner; Kein James, 
nailer; Kean Charles, nailer; Kingman iSathan, nail- 
er; Kempsey Pat., Jr., engineer ; Kries Levi, Mon- 
tana ; Kries George, JSlontana ; Kirk])atrick Bavid, 
laborer; Kistenbader John iS., laborer, ±$ridgeville ; 
Kemple Cbiis, laborei- ; Kemple Fred, laborer; Kel- 
agher Mike, laborer ; Keyser Creorge, retired farmer, 
Keliey *Mike, lanorer; Kelley Cornelius, laborer; 
Kane Daniel, puddler; Kerwitzkey Fred, miner; Ker- 

T A nC A PD'*;! roctnii Pq Largest slock ol CARPET«, lowest prices. 
MUijAun U, IidbLUll. rd.j Best attention always. 

witzkey Isaac, miner; Krull Herman, miner; Kielsou 
Cornelius, laborer; Kinney Joseph, laborer; Kiefer 
F.. Hazen ; Kennedy George, laborer. 

Lanoing Charles. B, porter; Lanuing Stephen, 
blacksmith; Lanning George B., puddler; Lan- 
ning Chris, mason; Lanning William; jjanning 
Daniel; .Jjanterman Henry, machinist; Lanierman 
S. H.; Little William, la orer; Little George, nailer ; 
Little George, laoorer; Lacy J. C, laboier; Lacy 
George, laborer; Lukens E. T., gen'l manager; Lu- 

dr7 a ORLANDO Tu nTson , 

o:^^:fo:e^jP,_isi. j~._ 

pelt Chas., lalrorer; Leonard Thos., miner; Lane 
Thos., laborer; Lantz Joseph, Bridgeville; Little 
Jesse, Oxford; Lightcap John, Bridgeville; Lanning 
Cyrus, shoemaker, Bridgeville; Lippincott E,, mason, 

A tinnrtllO 9 kini CC ^^^ ooods house. 206 nobthamp- 

nilVllkllW %* imy^».t w LINE OF HOL8K-Kf H.N IHUl No 6wai»« 

• nn. WUn l Uli, Hardware, Stoves aud Housefurniahing. 


Buttzville. ; Lantz VVni., roUector, Bridgeville ; Litts 
Wm., laborer, BrJdo:eville ; Lifts .John, laborer, 
Bridgeville; Jjaiitz .lacob, Bridgeville; Lantz A., 
Bridgeville; Lantz Isaac, l^ridge'.ille; Linaberry Wm., 
li.R. agent, Buttzville ; Linabeny Eugene, act. R.R. 
agent, Buttzville; Lantz George, Bridgeville ; Larri- 
son James L.; Lonitison Geo. L., Belvidere : Lo.mer- 
son John Belvidei'e ; Lanning L. M., teacher, Mon- 
tana; Linnmg J. S., Montana; Lanning M., pninter. 
Launing Stephen, Sr,; Lanterman G. D., Belvider*^ : 
Lanterman John. Belvidere; Lynn Levi, laborer, Ha- 
zen ; Lemtz Joseph, laborer, Belvidere; Lewis Benja- 
min, puddler; Loinnrson Henry, Belvidere; Litz 
John, laborer, Bridgvville; Lippincott Samuel, mason, 
Buttzville; Loder James. Belvidere; Lynn George, 
laborer, Hazen; Lippincott \V., laborer, Hazen; Lock- 
hoven R., laborei' ; Lawson ^els, laboier; Linaman 
George, miner; Lawrence E., laborer, Bridgeville^; 
Lorenson Levi, laborer. 

Mountain Thomas, [)uddler ; Mountain Michael, 


r/Ciids in prices and qiiJilit\- of L;«)od.«. 

shoemaker; Martin William, nailer; Martin George 
A.; Martin Michael, laborer; MedangUe George; Mac- 
key Levi, Hazen; Mackey \Villiani, Hazen; Mackey 
Marshal, Belvidei-e; McMutrie A., miller. Belvidere; 
Major William, J:Juttzville; Matthews .lohn, carpenter; 
Mickler C, laborer; Miller Wm. F., blacksmith. Ha- 
zen; Major William, laborer; Matthews Daniel, m\\ 
son, Hazen; McConnell Joseph, Hazen; Martin Philip, 
watchman; Mai tin Micli-iel, constable; iVIahoney 
Thomas, blacksmith; Moray James, laborer ; Marlatt 

Saker €£ Confectioner^ 


Josei)h. laboj'er; Mai-latt Jerry, laborer; Marlatt 
George; Marlatt J.; Mackey M.* >'., Hazen ; Mackey 
Ed. H., Hazen ; Mackey Wm. B.. Hazen ; Mulchey 
Ed., laborer, Bi-idgeville; Miller William, blacksmith; 

SHIELDS' Tlxrnontin T)omo/1ir ^ """ «"*"• 'o»" Dyspepsia, sick m- 
KVtAXUBLE UypepllC Hemeay. Nervoue Headache. Guaranteed. 


NORTON'S, Easton, Pa 


Miller Ashel ; Merslion Peter, laborei , Bridgeville ; 
Mershoii Miller, lahoier, Bridiieville; Matthews David 
R., mason; Millei Williain. Hazen; Matthews Charles, 
Hazen ; Matthews .loliu. laboi'ei- : Matthews .losexjh 
F., laborer. Hazen: McAtVe Nathan, laborer. Hazen; 
McConvell Patrick, puddinr. Hazen; McDevitt Domi- 
nick. laborer, Hazen; Moiiiauii:h James, laborer, Ha- 
zen: Malley Peter, laborer. Hazen; McLean John, 
laborei-. Hazen: Murray \\'illiam. lal)orer, Ha«en; 
Mayhew Charles, mill Ixjss; Mooney Michael, puddlei; 
Moran Michael, lal)orer; Moian Doniinick, laborer; 
Massandahe Andrew, laborei'; Minan Patrick, laborer; 
Myers Isaac, clerk; Myers Samnel. nailer: Myers 
George, butcher ; Myers Henry, merchant ; Myers 
J. C, nailer; Mooney James, laborer ; Mooney Matt, 
plate carrier; Miller William, laborer; Mellberger 
Fred, merchant ; Morris Andrew, watchman ; Man- 
ning Pat, laborer; Manning Michael, laborer : Mat- 
thews \Vm., laborer; Matthews George, i^uddler ; 
Mickler Jacob, laborer; McCarthy Andrew, laborer; 


LAUMLin o LdSlllll. id. pet house, bargains always 

McKeifer James, laborer; McNear John, engineer; 
McDermott Thoma.-^. piiddler; Mcdroweii Barney, 
laborer: McHannan John, laborei-; McDonousj-li Thos, 
track boss : McUabe Micba«l, saloon: McCabe John, 
laborer; McDonc^iigli Waltei, clerk : McConiiell Cas- 
trine, nailer: McNear Theodore, nailer: McGowen 
Thoma>, laborer: McConTiell l^arrick. i)nddler; xMac- 
key h^dward, Belvidere; Matthews J., laborer; Mul- 
roy Peter, laborer. 

Nyhart VVni. H.. miller, Buttzville : Nelson August, 
laborer; Nelson Soreen. laborer; Nelson John, .car- 
penter : Nelson Cornelius, minei- : Nelson John N., 
laborer; Nelson Chris., laborer; Noll Eugene, miner; 
Nessen Hans, miner: Nee Tlios. Sr.. miner: Nee 
Thomas Jr., miner; N(Jan James, machinist; New 
man Abram, retired faimer; Norgard John, laborer; 
Norgard Hans, laborer; Nassendshot Andrew, la- 
borer; Nicholls ^Vm. H.; Nyliarr James, Burtzvijle, 

Ocl$$ted S. J., merchant: O'Neill Cornelius, laborer; 
O'Neill Michael, labojvr, Belvidere; O'Neill James, 

ANnQmA/Q fii Uni C aOoNorthitmptonSt., Easton, Pa. Sell the 
AllUnkflO Ob HULl, l,e«t Black and Colored Hjlki. Giiarauteed, 

■ III. iiUn I Uil, Hardware, Stoves and Housefurnislimg, 


laborer, Belvidere ; O'Neill John, laborer, Belvidere ; 
O'Brien Kicliard, miner; O'Heron John, hjborer, 
Bridgeville ; O'Heron I'avid, laborer, Bridgeville ; 
Osmnn Chas. J., Biidgeville; Osniun Albert, laborei', 
Bridgeville ; Owens Frank, nailer ; Ort Winlield, la- 
borer, Montana ; Ort Jesse laborer. Bridgeville ; 01 e- 
son Soj'en, laborer ; Oleson Jane, laborer. 

Price Harvey, laborer; Pohle Theodore, niinei'; 
Piersoii j^Iarviu A., milk dealer : Pursell Benjamin; 
Pierson David ; Perry James, laborer; Pierson Lars, 
engineer; Paul Thomas,' retired ; Pott John Sr. ; Pol- 
hemus W. C, laborer; Pittenger Daniel, Sr. , Pitten- 
ger James ; Pittenger John S., nailer; Pitt engei- John 
L., engineer; Pittenger Pkigene, nailer; Pittenger 
Daniel Jr., nader; Petty Walter, puddler; Pole 
Albert, puddler; Pierson Clark, cooper, -Powers 
Michael, puddler ; Pierson Robert, cooper; Peterson 
P. M,, laborer; Pape Lndwig, painter; Parks Joseph 
R., teacher; Paul Jolui, nailer; Policy Button, la- 
borer; Pult' Frank, lalorer; Pieison Jas L., c:u*- 


penter; Perry D, M., timekeeper; Pierce Ciias., la- 
borer ; Pierson Wm.. laborer; Peterson Fred., laborei; 
Perry O N.. time-keeper; Pnr.seli lames, laborer; 
Pyles J. H.. Hazen ; Pyjes Roderick, Hazen; I'lall J. 


If li<il<'Hiil(> iiiiil IV<'l:iil Itcaloi- ill 

Orugs, Medicines, GiieiDicais, Fancy & Toilet Articles, 

SpoDges, Brushes, Perfumery, Etc. 

f'hysieians I*rescripUons Carefulhi iJonipoHtkdcd. 

C. H zen ; Prall B. B., drover. Ha/en ; Putts (xeorge, 
Oxfoi'd ; Petty Cornelius, laborer, Buttzville; Petty 
Rfbeit. Bnttzvill(^; Prall Thomas, retired farmer, 
Hazen; Pitt* nger Marshal, laborer, Buttzville; Petty 
Dani»^l, Buttzville, 

Extra quality Caryiii^ Mm and fortntf aSBros., HacMsiwiL 


THE LEA S T M ( > \ E \ A 

J-NORTON'S Easton, Pa. 


Qnirm .Tjihk-,. laborer, Oxford; Qnirk Peter, la- 
borei-. Oxfoi'd; (.^uick Go. \V., I;ili«iivr, Oxford; 
Qninii Michael, boss at mines, Oxfoi-d ; Quick Pliilip, 
Bridge vilJe ; Qiiifk Avers, labo-er. ILr/en ; Qiiigley 
JaiTies, laborer. 

Ryan A. M., bookkeeper, ; Ryan .John, laborer ; Rea- 
gan Patrick, laborer ; Reagan J ohn J r. , i >uddler ; Rea- 
gan Dennis Jr., [tuddler; Rafter Thotnas, ])uddler; 
Radle Lewis, blacksiiiiili ; Raisley John; Radle 
Oeori^e, miner; Kobbins John, crpenter; llyan 
Hugh, laborer ; Rush Milton, laborer; Ryder John, 
jeweler; Reagan Wni., laborei- ; Rush Calvin, laborer; 
Reagan J(>hn Sr., ]al)orer; Reagan James, laliorer : 
Reagan Michael, puddler ; Reagan Tlionias. })uddler; 
Ryaii Jeri-y, mid liand ; Ryan Mii-hae'. laborer; 
Ryan Roger, hd»orer; Reese Isaac, ream-lee; Reese 
Thorn is. iiaiU-r; Root Charles, laborer : Repp Michael, 
niachinist: Radle Philip, nail^-i'; Rep]) W'm. S., 
nailer; I4ai!«ile.v S. <■.. confectionery, tohacci) and 
segars; R sebe'rry I). K. ; Rosebeiry A. D. ; Ifush 

■HlllM a|^y»O^EAS5TON, PA. CLO.XKS aii-l WR.\PS of 
LAUDnVn V "Very ik'SCi'iittion. Our Own Mr.uufactnre, 

Will., ]\fontaiui ; Rare Henry: Khiiiehart Petej- ().. 
Asbiny ; Raub Jacob ; Rti<h Calvin, Montiinii ; Raid) 
John A., laboici; Retiyaii Dennis J i. , JalM.rei'; RvMn 
Win., laborej' ; Reese Henry, hiboivi' ; Rfese George, 
laf-.orer; Rasniussen Hans, laborer; Ray Daniel, la- 
borer ; iie])p Henry, niinei-; Rei)[) iNbnliias, laboi-nr; 
Raisley Philip, laborei-; Roberts Jolin, laborer; 
Rusli "William, Ihidgf'ville; Koss (teoige, laborer; 
Rittenhouse Peter, laborer; RitteiiliouseWm., laborer; 
Rittenhouse Reuben, laborer; Radle fiiidwig, Mon- 
tana;- Rambni- (.Tt'orge, laboiei, iielvideie ; Rosen- 
berry J., I3elvid<-re; Rosenbeiry Cline, IVlvideie ; 
Rosenbeny Jos. M., Belvid>-re; Rosenbeiry A. De- 
pne, Belvidere; Raw Charles. 

Slack James, engineer; S.ibon John, Wlaeksmitli ; 
Snyder Tliomas, laborei-; Shafer G<M)i-ge, laborer; 
Sharps E. W., undertaker; Swick Nicholas, shoe- 
maker; Strnble George \V., pnd<ilei-; Shaiion Geoi-ge, 
laborer; Shafer Peter 1.. hearer; Hiram, huck- 
ster; Sheridan San i"-' : ^ Fred, bo aidlug 

L^».M9*» 9 VffA^ -20-, .Nnit)mi..i.t..ii.^t.,.Kiisi..n. l';i. T\i" rn- 

.III. niUn I Uriy Hardware, Stoves aud HouBefuniisliing. 

446 OXFOlil) TO VVNSHIP. ™ 

house; Stelter Henry, iniiier; SiilJi\;ni DaiiieJ, labor- 
er; Swick Joseph, labor.-r; Shaiei A. E., hiborer, 
Pequest; Snyder John, piuUlier; ISteller Albert, engi- 
neer; Scranton S. T., retired; Sweeney John; Slack 
Enoch, mason; Sweeney M<jrian, laborer; Swh k 
ISichohis, shoemaker; Shen)ps .ntoine, miner; Sipple 
Henry, laborer; Sheridan Michael, laborer; Sorenson 
Gus, laborer; Sr^arles Henry, laborer, Montana; Searies 
Edward, labor- 1-, Bridgeville; St(jiit Theo. P., cooper; 
Stout 'J'heodure, furnaceman ; Stout He Witt, shoe- 
maker, Buttzville; Stout H -nry, laborer; Smith Nich- 
olas, laborer; Smith Irven B.:'^Sniith Edward G , Bel- 
v'idere ; Smith Samuel, Belvideie; Smith John W.. 
Hazen ; Smith Andrew J., laborer. Hazen ; Smilh 
Kciiuk, laborer, Hazen; Sujith Sylvauus, laboiei, 
Bridgeville; Smith Lorenzo, laborer, But tzvill<-; Sniili 
Abram, laborer, Buttzville; Smith Reuben, laborer, 
Buttzville; Smith Jesse, laboier, Bridgevide; Siuith 
Jacob R., carpenter; Smith Joseph, laborer; Scout 
Mark A., blacksmith; Smith Henry saloon; Stinson 

WHAT YOU WANT Vi ^ LAUBACH'S, Etftston, Pa« 

L. T., harness dealer; Sohner John, livery; Struck- 
bine John; Searing George R., time-keeper'; Sweeney 
Daniel Sr.; St.-]>p Pavid, laborei ; Sullivan Patrick, 
laborer: Sweeney Michael, iaboier ; Silverthurn 



PJbIu, Fancy, Ornamental, Wayside and SlRn Paliitlnif. Our motto, "Beat Wortr, 
Lowest Prions fiiicl nil W. rk Ouaranieed. ' Write us for jirlces on any 
kind (>t palntiiiK you df8lr<i Klrsi-olass references. 
Wagon Lettering aud Wayalde Palm- 
ing a specluUy. 

Tjf'wis ; Sirnble Jaco)). puddler; Sciunfon Chnrle-*; 
Smith John, l.-ibojev; Smith John T., blacksmithf; 
Sawyer John. c()oi)"r; Shnfer John, laborer; St. Led- 
g r John, laborer; Stoul William; Shanly John, sa- 

SlilET.US' n»»iiVin Da-vf^^rr < SUM <5ure for Dyspepsia, 91ck or 
\\V\\j\.\W,t Uff:i^\j\\j li'Jll 5 ly> v.,rv.)u«. Headache. Guaranteed. 

.iliiiitilJ!!:vi'l' il ri.H'i;!',!'- :• ■'■:i!' : ■, ■ A. ^■■m- -j ;■ ;i i ,i ; . i; ,,,, , ^ 


i? NORTON'S, Easton Pa. 


loon; Swick Lewis, i)uddhM- ; Smith .lohn, laborer; 
Smitii A. S., lal-tuvr; SiniMi Philip, kiborer, Buttz- 
ville; Sckciyler Smiuii, laborer, iSuttzviile ; Stone 
GeoJge, lui>uiei. BuUzville ; Si'»cher David, laborer, 
Bridgeville ; Siocher Isauc, laborer, B)i(lgeville; Shaw 
Mariiu, Bridgeville; Sechler Abrain, Bridgeville; 
Sihaltz Andrew, laborer; Snyder Isaac W., laborer; 
Snyder Peter, laborer; Snyder James, laborer, Bridge 
viile; Snyder Adam, nailer; Snyder John, [)uddler; 
Snyder Ciiailes, laborer; Sutton A. E, laborer, 
Bridgeville; Sutton Jos. (J., laboier, Bridgeville; 
Srhuier Charles, Buttzville; Schuler William, Belvi- 
dere; Searles A., miller, Belvidere; Steele VVendell. 
laoorer, Belidere; Snyder Thomas, nailer; Shafer 
Thomas, l.thorer. Buttzville; Shatei- Jacob S., laborer. 
Buttzville; Shafer Wm. P., laborer; Sawyer Abram^ 
cooper; Stout Theo ; ore, laborer; Scaley John, miner; 
Smith Petrr S-; S<*iple Abram, miner; Skinner A. H., 
teacher; Snyder Jesse, teamster ; Stout Edward, nail- 
er; Sliuitz Hiram ; Smith Wiliiam, liborer; Sullivan 

T A ITD A Pn'^ ractnii Pq Largest slock of CAIiPETiS, lowest price*. 
LAUMlfil U, LdiilUll. id., Uestatlentioi) always. 

James, laborer ; Swiizer Philip,' nailer ; Snyder Adam, 
nailer; Strong James, nailer; Sherrer Jolin, nailei ; 
Scaring John M., nailer; Switzer Samuel, nailer; 
Searles Frederick, merchant ; Shafer Peter H., nailer; 
Sciple Henry, laborer; Schuyler S, H., laborer; Buttz- 
viil-; Sciple William, iaborej- ; Snyder James, black- 
smith, Bridgeville; Smith .-».., carpenter, Buttz- 
ville; Snyder Isaac, BjidgevilJe; Scliuler Charles, 
Buttzville; Sciple A., laborer; Smith Frank, Buttz- 
ville; Searles Henry, laborer Buttzville; Seiell John, 
Buttzville; Smith Irving, caipeiiter, Bridgeville; Sar- 
son William, Montana; Smitn Jasoji, laborei-. HazeJi ; 
Searles (ietnge E., Bridgeville; Slack Aaron, laborer: 
Stout Jacob, laborer; Schuler Freeman, Oxiord; Sun 
C. T., Montan.i; Sh »emaker A. V'., Hazeii ; Sarsin C. 
T,, Mi-'Utana ; Savercool James, Bridgeville; Shoe- 
maker Edwaid, Hazen ; Sarson (ieo. VV^, Hazen ; 
Smiths., laborer; Searles Reuben, carpenter, Bridge- 
ville ; Spangenberry D. S., Haznn ; Stone John, labor- 
er, Buttzville; Sutton Joseph, furnace i^oss, Pequest; 

INIIUEUN £i Nnt P ^^ NorthamptoD St. Keep the Larguut liae 
AnUnLl! 06 nULT, ul bUks iuid Dree Goods on E. Northanjpiou 


irifOLKs.ti.F: .i\n ret. i il oka lkh / > 

// i i!f> n I lii:. s TO lies I xn ir(nsi:ri h-. 
msiiim: dfums. 


Swayzp An!()!^, Biidueville; SUalVr Ainat^a, laborer; 
Shat'ci- James, laborer; SlraCer Catiteni, laborer; Shoe- . 
maker Abrarri; Shoemaker, A. L.; Shoemaker (leor^e, 
Hazeii; Shoemaker .lames M., J^rid^eville; Shoemaker :.. 
Edward. Ila/en: Slioemaker .loliii, Ha/eii; Seiheit 
Simiiel; Seihert Wells; Si)aii^-eiil)erry I) S., Hazeii; 
Spaiiizeuberry Jos. L., Tlazen: Spaiii!,eid>erry Jo]in F.. 
llazeti; Spati^enberry Marshal], carpenter; Slack 
Aaron, laliorer. Brid^evill'-; Slack Ooiiielius. mason; 
Slack Charles, laborer; Slack Jolin J., mason; Spoty 
Peter, laborer; Sullivan Daniel, laborei'; Sullivan ileii- 
nis Sr. , laborer; Sullivan Michael, iion woikei; Stires 
Alex., Belvideie; Sarson Charles; Ston.oel Andrev, , 
lahore]' Soi-osain Nels. laborei-; Sirnckhin Heniy, 
labor r; Sherrer John, laborer; Schncigart John, 
miner; Soiinson George, laborer; Souiison Carl, labor- 
er; Sounson jNTichael, laborer: Shimrock Frank, labor- 
er; Sliullz Edwin T., laborei-; Steinberg Ed,, lai)Oier; 
Shannon John laborei-; Swenson Savon, lal)ore]-; Shoe- 
maker Jacob, Hridgeville; Shmtz John, laborer, Bi-idge- 

LllUDiiUil 0, IilliilUll, ra. DUEbSGOODS. NEW v.OODS DAILY. 

viJle; Skill-man F., laborer, Bridgeville; Soreiifcon 

Nels., physician and surgeon; Tunison 
W. A. H.. insurance agent ; Thomas Jabez, ]iu(ldler; 

J. Farts & sow, 

Furniture Manufacturers 


Imv II- ilie -] (■(•|;il ;i|:ciill ii ot li(Mi3«'kf<'|.ci'fi 1o lljriir imiin'ilH'' sliwk of 
'"Very deHcrliiilou ot Kunilture, which thoy aro selling at 

-A-l^oxit Oxio-lrx/\.lf of X'ox-xxxcr- I'l'icos. 

WIkc ainl "•t;i)M(iiiili'iil |im(i|i1(( sluiiild iiol r;i II |r) ^Ivc Iln-ili .-i riill. 

Thomas John, pud'iler; Tooniey M., miner; Tool J. 
]i., lalxu-nr; Teal William. ])uddlei-; Tiinimerd. H., 
carpenter; Tayloi- John I*., laborer; Tlionipson W. 
F.. blacksmith; Thompson F. .1., merchant ; Tihnan 

PEACH BASKETS at Wado^' Har(lifmS[o7e. HaTMtsiowii. 


W. B., Batizvillp; Tliatcher E., Moiitaiii; Titman .1, 
F. (x., Bdtt/viile"; Thus Kobt^rl, laborer, Bui tzville ; 
Teel Jaiue-., teacher, Biidgeville; Thatcher (jeorge, 
laborer; Thatcher James, lal^jrer; Tims (reurge, la- 
hurei ; Tim- Joliii. iaboi-ni-, Bridgeville; Teel Robert, 
ilazea ; Tha tc he i' -Lemuel, Moutaua ; Thatcher li-Jijah, 
Montana; Tiller .latues, laborer, Blidgeville; Teetes 
lilisha, Hazeii ; Ttjosen Otto, laboier ; i'haw Levi, la- 
borer; Tiinimer Cieorge, lal)()rer ; Trimmer David, la- 
borer; Tauger Fled., Jabojer ; Tilfany James, laborer; 
Toomey Thomas laborer; Thawson John, laborer; 
Thawson Otto, laborer. 

LInangsi John, Hazen ; IJptegraw Daniel, laborer. 

X'oorhees Joseph, laborer, Montana ; '\ oster Daniel, 
teamster; Vosler Cyrus, puddler ; N'ooihees Cornelius, 
brakeman ; V^osler Philip, nailer; Vosler ,iohu, 
nailer; Vorhees C. C, laborer; V asbinder A. C, la- 
uorer, Buctzville; Vannatta Robert; V'ass A. J., 
BridgeviUe ; N'annatta Jacob, la t)orer ; V'annatta Sam- 
uel, laborer, Hazeii ; Vannatta Gfeoige, laborer, Hazen ; 

TT Ik. TT'^i A ^"^Tir Lruu.s ill i.iiceb and uualilv of t-oods. 

Vannatta William, laborer, Hazen ; Yoorhees John, 
Montana; VnorheesC. E., laboivr ; Vortenburg, Peter, 
laborer ; Vanskey August, labtaer. 

Willet John, Buttzville; VVillet Edward, Buttzville; 
Willever Samuel, laborer, Buttzville; Willever Brak- 
ley, lab(jrer. Montana; VVilkner Jauies, Hazen; Watts 
Robert, lal)orer, Bridgeviile ; VVuite Michael, laborer, 
BridgeviUe; VVliite Thomas, laborer, BridgeviUe; 
Wliite VVm. B., Hazen; Wlldrick John B., laborer; 
Wildrick Andrew, laborer ; Winlield John ; VVoife J, 



N., ial>orer, Hazen; VN'oil'e William, laborei, Hazen; 
Wideiior Joseph, Buttzville ; Warne \Vm. W., Hazen; 
Woodrutt" (ieo. W., Montana; Wiggins Charles, 
puddler ; Warner Axel, laborer ; Wrestregard Peter, 

A W . ! ninili*^ S^ini r'O JLIUV goods HOUSli, jo.) NOKTUAMP- 
Aillintvid IX fMULr O TUNST., KASToN. pa. IHt I.AUOEaT 
(tivB'iitellw w» •■w^i w Ljjjgyj- HOUaK-FUKNlHMlNbt •OUi>«, 

1. ! ;_. ,L^ . j_ .^- ,Jiliinli..i:lLL 


• ill. ilUnlUll) Hardware, Stoves and Hoiisefuniis'hing 

laborer. Bridgeville ; Wiiikely Arthur, nailer; Wal- 
bH»ry Peter, lal-orer; Weaver John, labore;, Peqiiest; 
Wi'denor Peter, laborer. Roxbuig; Wagner John; 
Warren Wni. X., Montana; Wan en W. W., Mon 
tana; Wiilever Peter W., Montana; Wideoner 
Henry: Wildiick George; Wolfe William, miller, 
Hazen; Wyckoft" (;., Belvidere; Wiilever Jaiiies. 
laborer, Roxbiirg; VVhile Thomas. Roxburg; Walters 
Edward. lal)orer, Bridgeviile; Widenor John, mason, 
Hazen ; AValtei- Wm. J., lalxavr, Bnttzville ; Winklev 
J. B.. nailnr; Weitrecht Win. M., ageiit ; Wilkinson 
Alden, puddier; W^hite Anson Sr., laborer ; Wildrick 
G. A.; Wiset)rown Charles, puddler ; White Wni., 
laborer; Widenoi' James, pviddler ; Wiidsley (ireorge, 
nailer; Wiighr James, lailer; Woltinger Henry; 
Weher Gnorgv, agent; Western Kdward, nailer; 
W^yckoff David L,'; Weston C. C, nailer; Wildrirk 
3.{ Wain-^r H. C, engineer; Weston (Charles B., 
sn|»printe'ndent nail factory ; Walton Jienjamin. tail<»r; 
White James, j)uddler; Wilson Peter, boss, Hazen; 


LAUDAbn hdSlOlli ra. vet uou»k. bahgainis always 

Wilson G. H., clrrk, Hazen ; Wolbaok Jesse, laborer; 
Winlejmute Clias.. Btittzville. 

Yonng Henry R., nailer; Yontig John, nailer; 
Yonng T>'vi J.. Jielvidere; Young Benjamin, laborer, 
Belvidere; Young Robert S., laborer; Helvidere ; 
Young Levi Sr. . Belvidere; Yont»g Abel. Belvidere; 


Counsellor-at-Law, Examiner in Chancery, 



Yernson Peter laboier; Yonson Andrew, laborer; 
Yerkh-'y Judsoti. laboiei'; Yanston IVter, laborer; 
Voumans Ira, Riidgeville. 

Znlauf Heniy Ji., eiiirjueer; XNlaiif**i<»liii. baker; 
Znlauf Heniy Si., miner; Zai)p .1. .1.. clerk; Zapp 
Cliris.. watchman. 




AIIAQUAIiRY. Tliis township, somefirnes spoken of a.^ "tbe 
State of Pahaquarry," is tl\e extreme ncrthern township of 
Warren t'oiip'ty, ninniug across the entire county, an ■ was 
termed from Walipaok township, Sussex County, in lH->4. It is bounded 
on the no'lh by ilie Delaware liiver, on ihe east by Su'-nex Co., on the 
south by Hardwick, Biairsiown, and Know Itou lownsiiips. and on the 
west by the Delawme Kiver. It is a prt;idiarly s (-iiided townsliip, hav- 
ing for its norlliern boundary the Delaware River, and for it southern 
boundary the Blue .VIountain. The lenjjth <d' IIk' lowMshiji is 12 nnles, 
averaffft width li miles. Its area is 19. ()4 Nt|uare miles or 12, 186 acres 
of land. The name of the township is derived from an Indian village, 
of the Miuisink tribe, unce located within its Jiiuil-. 

fhe Blue Mountain, whicji forms the entire southern bouixlary of the 
township, ooinipiey I lie greater part of its surface. The remainin/r por- 
tion consists of but a small strip alon*: the Delaware, about one fourtli 
of a mile in widlb. runnin;^ also the entire lenj^lh of ilir lownsliip. The 
rustic beauty, and n.iounlain scenery of F^aliai|u:trry is truly piciuresfpu- 
and sublime in noirditiary deiiree. Ft^remos' among the nalurai attrac- 
tions of the township is the celebrated " Delaware Water Gap." hx-ated 
at the southwesU'rn end. M this point in tlie township, the rocks riae 
almost perpendicularly in rugged masses, presenting a bold Ihreateiung 
front forty or tilty fe.M in bight. This is known as tbe ' Indian Lad- 
der," the Indians having form<d beie a laddi-r foi themselves fmm a 
tree, the upriglit position of which served their purpose. The white* 
also for their accommodation constructed a rope huUh-r, but its use wue 
attended with considerable danger and it was finally abandoned. At 
the present time a wagon and also a railroad run along the river, making 
the use of ti»e former contrivance unnecessary. 


On the summit of the Blue jWouulaiu, near tlio iiortlieastern end ol 
the township, is "Cat Fish Poni," the line of the township running 
just southeast of the ponii. Its outlet flows into Blairstown. About 
two miles southwest of this is " Sun Fish Pond," also on the summit (.1 
the mountain, l,Ot)f) ft. above tbe Dehiware, aiuf having two outlets, 
one natural and one artificial, both flowinji- into the Delaware. AI)out 
three (juarters of a mile tartlier to the southwest is " The Paint Spring,' 
which tleposiiS ferruginous ochre. 'Die summit of tiie i^lue J\Iountain h 
the highest ground in the State, being at the Water Gap nearly 1,800 
ft. above sea level. 

Thit first settlement In WarTen Vounty, was nuide in this township, per- 
haps by a iiundred and fifty years. The ))ioneer settlers were Jl(jlla7i(i- 
ers. who came here in search of minerals as early as IBHO, and, it is 
thought, discovered copper, within the present limits of the townsliip. 
But the natural obstructions of this section (which might be turned 
into natural advantages), were such as to ju'event an\' inijioi tani di-vtli p- 
ment in this direction. Tliis township used to l)e vi.-ited by lloraie 
Greely Vi hen on his rustic excursions. 

There is but (uie village in the townsliip. Mill Bnok, in the iiortli- 
ea»lern part, at the foot of the Blue Mountain, and im Mill Brook Creel- 1 
hits a gristmill, blacksmith shop, ?tore and post office, M. E. Chilreli, 
hotel and school houM'. 

The Delaware Slate C'ompuuy have their works in Die .south \\ cstern 
end of the towushij) At this place is a small collection of houses for 
the accommodation of the employees. There are two other pot-l rfflces 
in the lownhbi]), known as ('alno and Pahaquairy. 

Population, WO. Sch<)ols, 3. Scholars, 108. 


Township Directory, 

All whose mention /.v not memiioned arefarmei's. 

Burk Wni.. Calrui: Biiniiel Isiiiic, Caluo; Beford 
Sainuel, DuniititJd: Baines AV. E., Duimfield. 

Coitrifiht Olivei-. C'alno; I)ej)iie M. M., CaJno. 

Depue Daniel, (.'ahio; Diiiiiuock M. H., Caliio; Dim- 
mock Chainiry, Carlo; Dinunjiiii Daniel, niillei, MiD- 
brouk; Diiiaman Heiiiv. i^aloon. Millhiook; Duivee 
SainiU'k laborer, Millbiook; Davey (>. II., Dimntield; 
De;irs M. R.. ao-ent. Dunliekl. 

l*'h'er .lose}>li. la})orer. Duiiniield; Fuller Bartley, 
TDiJler, Mini)rook; Fuller Fletcliei-, Cahio; Freer Louis 
laborer. Dunutield. 

Garris P. .1. S., Freeholder. Miilbrook; (lari'is F L., 
coliecro)', Mill])rook; (iarris Cajnet. JSJillbiook; Gar 
ris John. Miilbrook; (larris Ebuer, labo)'er. Millbiook; 
(xarris Lsaiah, laliorei. Mil]}»ook; Ga-ris A. A., Mill- 
brook; Gardner Josei)h, engineer. Dnnnlield; Garris 


EASTON. PA. r-LOXKS aii.l WRaF'S of 
pv<iy elt-scri|>t(>n. Our Own Manufacture 

Haniilroii. ('ar[ieiiie')\ Millln-ook: (J.-niis Ge- rge, la- 
borer, Millbjo(d\. 

. Hunierdon Daniel, nieichant. ]\lilJbi-ook: Heniy 
George, Cabu ; Hall George. Cabio; Howell John, la- 
borer, Millbi-ook; fiili .Ias<j?i. Milibrook; Hail I'rauk. 
laooi-er, Dnnnlield; IlulV Frank. Miilbrook; Hi>in .1. 
K , la])ore)-. Miilbi<>;)k; Hunt Peter, laborer, Dnim- 

Kitchen Simon, slate lactory. Dnnnlield; Kiicht-Ji 
Johi], slate i'aclory, Dnnnlield: Kitchen Jarob, slate 
factory, Dnnnlieid; Kimball (•ahin. blacksmith. Mill- 
brook; Kimball James, laborer. Millhiook. 

Labar Charles, Miljbrook; Lonn Stephen, Dunn 

Michell John. Calno; Michell I'. Z.Calno: Mi<'.hell 
William. Calno. 

O'Brien Daniel, DMnnlieJd; ()"<'.nner Martin, la- 
l>orer. Dunirli<-ld. 

Hible Angeline, Calno; Kible W. IJ.. Calno. 

Spansiinbiirg Andrew, Miilbrook; Spansunbnrg Wil- 
li KTHOT'^Tfr' V WftT n 205 Nortliaiiiplori St., ftiaton. Pa. Tlio h««l 
AilbUiiWu OC riuLl . i'''i«^«'«"i'"y Merino Underwear f'>'-<<'-'.t», 

■ LadlPa .iinl ('hlliliMn. 

n. III. nUn I Un, Hardware, Stoves and Housefiirnishing. 


linm, laborer, Millbrook; JSmitli .htcob. Uuiiiilit'ld; 
fijiriitli Daniel, I^nJinlield: Stnilli David, clerk, Duiiii- 
field; 8tronk J. M.. laborer, Caluo; Snttan AJ. M., 
Caino; Stires (reorgv, laborer, Caliio; Snover llanii) 
ton. laborer, Calno; Sisco Robert, mason, Millbrook; 
Stires F. C, Justice of l^eace, Miilbiook; Shoemaker 
Daniel, laborer, Calno. 

Tillman G. M.. Dunntield: Transue Adain, Dunn- 
field; Transue Crodfrev, Dunniield; Tillman T. H., 

Vancamp Moses. Calno; Vannken .lohii. Ca no; 
A'anp)rdon Abiaham, mason, Calno; V'an^oiaon An 
drew, laborer, Millbrook; A'angordon Abraham la- 
b()rer. Millbrook; Vancampen W. ().. labdrer, Mill- 
br.>ok; Vauetten William, scliool teacher. Millbi(»(<k; 
Yh net ten Joiin. school teachei-, Millorook; Vanettcn 
Susan. Millbrook; Vencani2)en Fjaid^, laborer, Mill- 

Welter John, laborer, Millbrook; Warner Obidiah. 
lahorei'. Millbiook; Waiiier Ouston, l.iborer, Millbiook; 

Wilgis Joseph, laborer, Millbroctk; Warner Isi-ael, 
Millbrook; Walker Charles, DuDulield; AValkei (has,, 
Dnnnfield; Walker C M., Dunnfield; W^vt'kotr M. 



NkArly OrrosiTK I). T,. <fe W. Dkj'ot, 
Permanent n-Jd trAnnient guettM well untertainerl. Prices ruAbonable. 

A., Dunnfield; W.vckcfT S. D.. lalxnvr, Dnnnfield; 

Walter Abram. laltorer, Millbrook. 

Zimmerman John. Calno; Zimnieirnan Diram, Calno. 

SittETiOS" 'n;rA'^nl'1r« Hq na<1ir ^ '"i™ O""* 'f"" DypePSta. 9Iok or 
U/P:7{Jllly TVi US lY' N«rvo!i<< . Hetilafhc. Ouamnt^o i. 



I OHATCO^vG is I he southwestern township of Warren County. 
^*^^ It was until rectntiy embraced in (Jreenwich, fruni which it 
was formed by un aet of tlie btate Legishilure, approveil March 
24; 18H1. Tlie lownsliip contains H,i>ii\ acres of hmd, or a liiiie less tlian 
Yd .s(iuare miles. It is bounded north and n(;rthwest by the Delaware 
Uivff, east and northetist by Greenwich, southeast by the Musconet- 
tn)ng, and southwest by the J)eiaware. The Pohalcong Creew crosses the 
lownslnp fr<»ni northeast to southwest, a little south of the centre. 

In i.hy.sical characteristics it very much resembles Greenwich. 'I'he 
land is rolling and hilly, and the soil fertile. The chief imlu.stry w 
farming, tor which the township has special advantages. The pro.xinuty 
of the cities of Phillipsburg and Easton, makes it a desirable location 
for the fanner, who thus tinds a ready and convenient market for hi« 
produce. The water facilities of i^ohatcong also, .ire worthy of 
.special mention, and are such as would invite the manufacturer to locale 
his business within her limit.s. 

Of lh<! first settlements within the present limits of the township, we 
have but lifile definite infurmation. The Seigies, the descendants of 
wiiom are quite numerous in the township, are known to be amoug ihe 
first settlers. The.v can\e to this countiy willi William Fenn, ^and 
settled in the township, now known a*; Pohatcong, which vva.s a part of 
Penu's grant, it is probable liml the first settlers located in the vicinity 
of the i)re.sent town of 8eigleville, formerly Middleville. The present 
name of the town will probably perpetuate the historic name of ita 

The following are tlie towns of Pohatcong ; 

Keiglesvillfc, in the southwest part along the Delaware, has a pa|)er 
mill grist mill, hotel, store, post oltice and RAi. station. 

Fiuesville. in the .south part along the Mu.sconetcoug, has a knife 
faclorj', two store-., blMcksinith and wheelwright shop, carriage factory,- 
M. E. and C'hristian churches, and pidilic school. 

Seigleville, about a hall a mile from Finesville, lias an earthenware 
uianufHCtory, grist mill ami grain cradle manulactory. 

Hughesville, also along the Alu.sconelcong, is the seat of the Warreu 
paper mill, and has u store and an unoccupied mill seat. 

Carpenlersville. in the uorthwe<«i, along the Delaware, ha.s a church, 
<iepol and school hou>e. 

Springlown, in the east, aloii the P(»hatcong, has two >itore.s, black- 
smith shop, grist mill and a > hristian church. 

Schools, 4. Scholars, :J28. Populati<m, about 1,150. 

There is one other i ^wn in the, township which is really a suburb of 
Phillipsburg, and its business is rather related to that town than to ik»» 




I'-ia'AMHiiiipiliiBiiiHiijarH^^H^H '■:MaNiaii:BlliB''iH"iB^ .BirB 'B; B" B 


Carriages pf Light Wagons 

Furnished at short notice and 

At Reasonaole Prices. 

OHice connected with I'elephone. 



l\)\vNSHip Directory. 

All (ohoKc txjciil ion /.v 110/ iiirntioiK'd arejanuei's. 

Aiist.iu (Jliarles H... griiidei', Reigiesville; Ai)g-ar 
Levi, Laniier and peacb giuwei', Reigiesville. 

Brown lIiitDn, labojer, Wanen papej' mills; Jiuiiis 
Henry K., laboivi, Sprijigtown; B-ipp Juiin, laborer, 
\Varreii paper mills ; Backman (,'liaiieH, cleik, book- 
keeper ami ])ostmaster, Warren jniper mills; Biiikett 
C. 8., ial)orei-, Warren paper mills ; Bidleman Abram 
K., miller, Reigiesville; Buss JJaniel, boatman, iShimers; 
Beers (xeorge, shoemaker, Shinjer's; Beers Wm. S., 
laborer. Shinier" s; Bir»i Peter, laborer, (Jarpenterville; 
Bennett Solon, laborer, Carpeutersvllle ; Boyer Jacob 
O., .1 ustice ol' the Pea(-e, Reigiesville; Butlei Philip, 
laborer, Reigiesville ; Brotzman Philip, Reigiesville ; 
Bell M J., teacher, Carpentersville ; Butler Robert, 
black'r-milh, wagon maker and cariiage builder, 
Reigiesville ; Bloom ..lohii 1)., larmer, drover aud 

Tf i^ TT TT^ A ^"i^WJT Lt-ads in iniccs .iiul qualilv of goods. 
JUjCi. U DJWjIlL hAS rOA Ph. 

agent for farming implemeut.-^. Reigiesville; Bloom 
.lohii S , [)roprietor Riverside House and carpenter, 
R-iigiesville ; Biotzuiau Christ ipher, well borer and 
carrel', Reigiesville; Bioi/man lOdward, teamster, 
M 'glesville Clemdening diaries, gentleman, Si)ring- 
tovvn ; Casey James, tru ker, Springtown; Carpenter 
Wm. S., Springtown ; (-arpenter Robert S., S[)ring- 
town; Carpenter XaUian, d^^mx^ for agricultural im{)le- 
ments, Springtown; Caipenler .F. S.. gentleman, 
Springrowu ; Crouse R. T., dealer .uid peach grower, 
Springtown; J. M., larmer and peach grower, 
Reigiesville; C '<;ran .)ame.s, blacksmith and ma- 
chinist, Warren jiaper mills ; Cackender Fred., 
tiremau, Warren paper mills; Cole .)ohn, papei- 
maker. Wanen Pa])er Mdls; (Jr-^use Briten, la- 
bo er, Warit.n paper mills; (!ar])enier John, 
agent for agri<ultur.d implements, Shimers; 
Couch Sam lel, miner, (yarpenf,ersville ; Croune Thos. 
M., farmer and peat h grower, Riegelsvnle ; (.'arpeiiter 
R. K., farmer and peach grower, Carpentersvilie ; 

•205 N'»rtUa ijpUjn Ht., Eaitton, Pa Tim uuly 
iii» to bay tbK celebrauid "Gold iilasi' r«atti«nt. 
uiirant««<l tr»« Irvui odor and dirt. 

Andrews & Nolf, 'I 

M 7/0/./C.S.1/-/; j.v/> i{i:riii. rn:.iLt:is i >, 
/I unm ii;j:. >/ o; /;,s i.\/> norsi:ii.r. 

MSUlMi (ii)OO.S. 


458 rOHATCO^'G TOVVxNSilli'. 

Carpenter S. 1)., gentleinaii and peach groAver, Car- 
penlei-sviile ; Curpejiier Jaiiie.-s A., farmer and peach 
grower; Ciianiberlaiii Wni., hiborer, Warren paper 
mills; Casey Jamea Jr., hdxuer, Warren [)aper milJs; 
Case I. F., W^arren paper mills; Carpenter J. B. , 
Springlovvn; Cline Harry, labinei', Springtowni ; Clark 
a. H., RieglesviUe ; Co[)e Brotli, lime burners and 
minejs, Carpentersville; Cooley Henry, laborer, 
Carpentersvjlie ; Cole IJaniel, miner, Hiegelsville ; 
Cy[)liers John R., general store, Finesvlle, 
llieglesville; Cooley Simon laborer, Caipenters- 
ville ; Carlieis James, iime burner and mould- 
ing sand, Carpentersville; Cather William, clerk, 
('arpentersville; Carpenter J. D., general stoie, 
postmaster, agent Beividere Division P. K. II., Car 
pentersviile; Case iNailian, Ai. i)., RieglesviUe; Car- 
})enter J< seph, broker, lumberman, Cajpenteisville. 

JJalrympJe James T., constable, S[)rucetown ; I>al- 
rymi)le Levi,Spring(o\vn; Ualrymple James VT.,laborei', 
S[)riiigtovvn; iJabymple Cluis. 8., laborer, iSpring- 

iiAUDAbn 0, MMUll, fCl. i)i{Eh8 UOUDS. iNKW .(H)1)S i)AlLY. 

towif, Deemer Fraidv, teacher, Springtown; Duncan 
Thomas, colored, trader, lS[)ringtown ; Drmey Robert 
Jaboier. W^ irren paper mills; Davis Dewis, tireman, 
Warren pa[)er mills; Druckenmiller JNatlian, miller, 
S^Jjiugtowii; Daiton Wm. F., boatman, ►•Siiimers; 
Dickson Joiiii R., retired, Car[)enterville; J^onneli 
Daniel, laooier, Carpentersviiie ; Donnelly Uaniel, 
ielij>'d. RieglesviUe; D»-emei- John 11., gardener, 
liieglesville; DucJvworth Wm. 11., RieglesviUe; Ue- 
loy Cornelius, liirnaceman, RieglesviUe. 

llidinger Abram, trackman, RieglesviUe; Easterly 
Furman; lalxner, CarpeiiteiNville ; Edingei' Abiam, 
lime burner, Cai'[)entersville; Easterly (TOtHVy, laborer, 
Carpenlersville; l!^ip|)er Henry F., blacksmith, Riegles- 
viUe; Fdinger Wm., sand leaver and tisherman, 
Itejglesviiie; Edinger Jesse, sawyer.and peach gjower, 

Freeman Marl. Sr., colored, laborer, Warren Paper 
Mills; Freeman Martin Jr., laborer, Warren Paper 
.Mills; Forgus Samuel, laborer, Warryn Paper Mills; 


V/^ m£ir/A'i;'';^ NORTON'S, Easton Pa. 


Fivrts Jacob A.. \V:irren Papei- Mills; Frace David, 
Shiniers; Force Win. A., pninfei- and paper hauler, 
8i)ringti>\vn; Fair .1 ihii V, Cari)eiiiHr.sville; Fry Wm. 
H., CaTpHiirersvUk; Frpeiii;iii Isaru', ci lored. lab )rer, 
AVarren Paper Mills; Farrell Win. 'I'., colored, laboi-- 
er, Rieglesvilb^; Fretz Sanniel. laborei', Rieglesville; 
Fleiiard Edward, machinist, Ripglesville; Fine Mil- 
lard, butcher. Rif^glesviile; Frir/ Henry, gentlenian, 
RieglpsviHe; F lir \\'ni., ial)<»rer, (Jarpentersville; 
Frankentield Jacob, teainstei', ^iieii•|e^svilje; Fine Spen- 
• ■er, butcher, Rieglesville. 

Gano {Sansl)erry. Spriugtown; (roodyear Fr.incis, 
Springtown; (xarner (Jaspi^-. inill<-i-. Si)i-ingr()\vn: (xod- 
win Geo., geneial siore, Wai-ien Paper Mills; (^ilberl 
Roberto., paper maker, Waiieii Paper Mills; Grube 
Louis, Warieii Papei- Mills; (iru e Sammd. Shimers; 
<Ti ubc Quintu.< S., la))orei\ Sliiiuers; GanoJ^^amuel. la- 
boivr, Car[)entersvilie; Griilin ('liarb^s. book kHHi»er, 

Hawk H-^nry, laborer, Springiown; Hawk Naac, 

TTttti a nnm n + n THE L.\R(JK>T Dli V GOODS AND C.\H 

LAuBACH S EaStOU, Pa. pht h.vug.uns always 

laboier. Spjingtown; Hawk Samuel, Springfown; 
Hawk Isaac H., lalx'ier, Spiinglown: Hawk R. M., 
laborer, Sprint town: llairison Alfeidy. laborer. 
Springtown; Handin John 'W. Springtown; llandin J. 
C, Sprijigtown; HouHyHoam Wm . labojvi-, S])iing- 
town; Hawk H. R. (Jari)enleisville: Hawk John \V.. 
laborer, OarppiiteisvillH; Haw k Joseph, K. K. accent 
and mail cariiei-, Warren Pap.- r Mills; Hawk Hiram, 
railroa.iei-. Spiiniitown; llairison Wm. II., labcti-er, 
Wai-ren Pajt^r Alills; Huulips Wm. J., tiiicker. War- 
ren Pai)Pi' Mills; lliilVJ. 1)., laborei-, Warren Pai)er 
Mills: Harrison David, carjienter. Waiivn Pajiei- Mills; 
Hagei'iy XVui., laboinr. Waii>ti Pap^r Mills; HaiTi- 
son Daniel, ? lacksmirh, Warit-ii Fap^i- .Mills; Hnghes 
Sam, WaiTPii Pa])e)' .Mills; Hawk Wm. N., drovt-i-. 
Shimers; Hid>hyer J. S,, Shimers; H^iber Phaon, la 
borer, Spiingrown; llughps II. G., gendHinaii, Warjvn 
Paper Mills: Hagpi- Peifpi', ('arpenfer^viile; Hawk R 
L., milkman. ShiniPis, HelhM- John.gHni ItMnan.Shimeis: 
HaAvk \V aiip|i,Shimeis; Ihiwk Maishal, music tea. her 

ANDREWS & NOLF'S ltT"n^''^^^£^,^-^T:.'i?VS>r 


.III. liUn I Uni, Hardware, Stove^alld Hoiisefiimishing 

460^ POHATCOMt to W N SHI I '. 

and dealer in instnimf»nts, Shinier; Hondly JJavid S., 
t:hoeniaker,SlnnieTs; Hnimuer Johnson, Shimers; Hani- 
len Edward, Shiniers; Hoadley SMnnie!, lalxavr, Cin- 
])enre7gvi]]e; Hnlshi yer Frank, teainsfer, RiegJesviJIe; 
Henesy John, gentleman, Carpentersville; Howel 
Jacob, boatman. Carpenters vilh-; Heater William H., 
laborer, Carp-ntersville; Heater John, laborer. (Jar- 
j)entersvil]e; Hii<rhes Jolni. CarpenteiJ^vilie; Hnl- 
shryer Richard, coal merchant, RiHgle>vilif'; Holni<-n 
Joel, trip hammer loi'ger, Rif^glesville; Hawk Henry, 
gentleman cigars and tobacco, Caipentvrsville; Hnnt 
Lnther.laV)orer, Rieglpsville; Hunt John, ]>ea('h grow.-r, 
Rieglesville; Hawk R. 8.. laboivr, Spiingtown; Hunt 
J. S., town treasurer. Rieiilesville. 

Jones Richaid, Shimers; Jones Bnige. tii]) lirnm cr 
foravr, Rieglesville; Ja^-ohy I. M., mercliant mil!' r 
and grain dealej'. Rieglesville. 

Kinney NA'^ni. P., S])ringtown; Keller Jesse, reriied, 
Springtown; Kocker Samnel. teamstei-. Wairen Paper 
Mills; Kressler Moses, millwright ;md ma< hinist, Rie- 



glesville; Kelley R. S.. gentleman. Rieglesville; Ke|- 
]»"y .1. R., Rieglesville; Ki'essler Will ren, laborer, Rie- 
glesville: Kinney Theodf»re. Shimejs; Kelt. Patrick, 
watchman. RicLdesville; Kiitnei- Charles, jtainter and 
pa])er h;ing'i-. Rieglesville; Knecht .)ose]ih. millerand 
mei( h?nd. Cai peiiteisville; Kelty ConiMd. geiifh mar, 
'{ieulesville; Kresslei' James, milhviight nnd machin- 
ist, Rieglesville: Kelty Wm., watclnnan, Rieglesville. 
Londenbiirg John. '•;)r)>entei' and c<>o]»mj\ Spring- 
town; Loiideribiirs: .\:iios. laborer, S))ringfo\vn; Lyons 
M-.iiining, laborei-, Sprin^town; Lauback Wm., labor- 
er. Spring-town; Loose Philij), laborei'. Wairen Paper 
Ntills; lioose Jacob, laborer, Cai'pentersville; 
Wm.. pear'h growei". (-arf^entersville; Lanback Levi, 
peach grower. Oarpentersville; Loose George W., 
VVarren Papei- Mills; Londenberg John, railroader, 
Shimers; Li]»pinc(.tl Wm. H.. sawyer, Carpentei^ville; 
Layt'in C. .Vf.. shoencaker, Rieglesville; L.mback J. 
K.. teamsfHi', Rieglesville: Lauback L S., lime bnrn*^r 
and mason, Riegle.sville. 

ROPE. TWINE. Gil . .11 WADE BORS. Hackettstown; 


'^^.^J^. NORTON'S, Easton Pa. 


Miitchler J. Ct., slioHmakf^r. Springtown ; Myers 
Sylvester, boiUiniin, Shiniej-'s; Monsley Louis H., 
paper maker, Wan-en \)\\\^t^i' mills; Mires Peter, 
broom maker an<l farm.-r, Springtown; Moyers CharleB 
J , rjiilroader, Shimer's; Moyers William H., rail- 
roader, Sliimers; Moyers John S., railroader, 
Sliimer's; Mire> Caspe', I'al orer, Shimer's; Mires Chas. 
P, railroader, Shimer's; Melick John. Shimer's; Mul- 
len A. VV., laborer, Shimers; McClain Barney, laborer, 
Shimer's; Mickel Thomas, laborer, Carpentersville; 
Merritr Winheld, laborer; R-ioiesville ; Moses Eli, 
laborer, Carpentersville; Mifkel Samuel H., laborer, 
Carpenters ville; Mechner William, laborer, Car- 
p^nrersville; Mullen James, grinder, Rieglesville; 
Metier \\m. S., laborer, Rf-iglesville; Millick Alvin, 
Springtown; Miller Fra;ik B.. laborer, Springtown ; 
Meleck John W., hotel aii>l saloon keeper, Riegles- 

Neilly John, stone mason. Spiiiigtowii; Northelfer 
Edward, carriage and bla,<'ksmith. Shimer's. 


LMUDAUIi every (l<'.scii|)t on. Our Own Manufacture. 

O' Brine Thomas, watchman. Carpentersville. 

Parker Jeremiah. '•aji)ent«-i'. Spn'ngtown ; Painter 
Jacob, miller, S|)ring1owri; P^•rrV ('. C., carpenter, 
Wairen jiaper mills; Pinkerfori Cyrus, laborer. War- 
ren paper mills; Painter A. ., tarmer and freeholder, 
Shimer's; Painter H. S., laboiei'. Sliimer's; Piatt 
Heiirv, lock tender. Shimer's; Pinspll Wm. 11., la- 
borer Shimer's; Pritcliard R*-v. T. (\. Lutheran. 
Shimer's; Pursell H. W , milkman and farmer, 
Shimer's; Piatt Tliomas, lab.avi-, Shimer's; Pursell 
Leford H., gentleman, Shirnpr's; Piatt J. H., laborer, 
Shimers; Piatt Aarcm, laboj^r, Sliimei's; Piatt .Jos., 
laborer, Shimer s; Piatt Philip, grocery and stone 
mason, Shimer's; Pursell Andrew, stone dealer, Shi- 
mer's; Pursell Wm. S.. milkman. Shimer's; Pursell 
Spencer C , gentlemaTi, Shini^r's; Pin^ell Howard, 
Shimer's; Pursell Brie--, laboier. Carpentersville; Pi«- 
oour J. Ct., laborer, Rciglesville ; Puisell James, Car- 
pentersville; Pursell .loseph C, laborer, Carpenters- 
ville; Person Frank, bartender, Reiglesville. 

AUDHEWi^ ^ HOLF. I'l'-'^tobuy Merino underwear ^'ro^nu. 

.III. ilUn I Uii, Hardware, Stoves and Housefurnishing 


Quick Wm. H., l nicker, SpringtoAvn. 

Riddle Samuel, laborer. Warren paper mills; Kin- 
kert Geo., laborer, Springtown ; Riiikeit Gothial, 
laborer, Springtown; Rosenbery Geo., sexion Liither- 
anjUliurch, Sliimer's; Roberts H. ,1., SuperintendeTit, 
Warren paper mills; Riegle Edward, laborer, Car- 
pentersville ; Rapp Andrew, mining, Cari)enrersvil e; 
Rugg C. H., lime burner, Springtown; Roscbeiry 
James M., mason, Reigesville; Roseberry Wm., 
grinder, Reiglesville ; Roseberry Thomas, laborer, 
Reiglesville; Reese Philip. Carpentersville ; Reese 
Hiram, gentleman, Carpentersville; Ree>e John, 
gentleman, Carpentersville; Raymon H. C, painter, 
Reiglesville; Robin Cornelin«, Springtown; Rie^el 
John L. & Son, coal, Springtown ; Reigel B<^njatnin, 
store keeper, Reiglesville. 

Seagraves Charles, Warren Paper Mills; Stecker 
Jacob, Warren Paper Mills; Swnckhammer, store ard 
ticket agent P- R. R., Springtown; Stocker Wm. M.^ 
laborer, Warren Paper Mills; Sta mates Aaron, labor- 

T A TTR A nU'Q ractnn Pq La''Sest sf»ck of CARPETS, lowest prices. 
LAUjJnUn U, LdMUU. id., l^.cstaltcntion always. 

er, Springtown; Stamates Edwyrd, laborer Spring- 
town; Smith Charles, railroader, Springtown; Stocker 
Matison, clerk, Springtown; Sjuingenbnrg .Josei^h R., 
Springtown; Stocker Saritord, general stoie and post- 
master, Springtown; Stocker Josiah, wntt liman, 
Sprif.gtown; Striker Paul P., Springtown; Stocker 
Edmund L., Springtown; Stocker Sylvester. Spring- 
town; Stocker Abram, general lilacksniitli. wagons, 
etc., Springtown; Stocker Samuel, railroader, Si)iing- 
town; Stocker Ervin, blacksmith, Si)ringtoAvn; Stock- 
er Wm., railroader, Springtown; Stocker Chajles, 
railroader, Springtown; Stamates Janes G., miner, 
Carpentersville; Sidders WnK, teumster, "Reiglesville; 
Stamates Robert, Springtown; Swink Otto, laborer, 
Warren Paper Mills; Smith Wm. G., Si>ririgtown; 
Stamates Samuel, laborer, Warren Paier Mills; Sei- 
gle Jacob, miller, Reiglesville; Siegle Benj., carpenter 
and cradle maker, Reiglesville; Seigle Thomas, Rei- 
glesville; Seigle A. C, carpenter, Reiglesville; Seigle 
J. R., Reiglesville; Seigle Charles, laborer, Reigles- 

BARGAINS iThorsT MlPS^Wail^rWeTti^^ 


NORTON'S, Easton, Pa 


ville; Scliooiey A., boss, tShiuier's; Stiiier Levi, laborer, 
Shimer's; Stiller Reading, Shi mer's ; Scliooley Nicho- 
las, bi)atraan, Shinier' ,>; Small John, gentleman, 
Shinier's; Sheirer Charles, Springtown; Sherreii W. 
W., S]niiigtovvii; Stocker Peter, huckster, Spring- 
town; Stocker Harry, r tilroad r, Springtown; Smith 
Geo. F., laborer, Shinier' s; Shoup Samuel, tinsmith, 
Shinier' s; Snyder Charles M , laborer, Shimer's; 
Snyder Wni., railroad carjienter, Shimer's; Smith 
Win. H., mason, Reiglesville ; Siegel W. R., carpenter, 
Reiglesvilie; Sailer Alonzo, Carpentersville ; Shenin- 
ger Joht:, gentleman, Carpentersville; Fred. W., la- 
borer, Carp -liters ville, Sampson Geo., boss miner, 
Carpentersville; Seigie Judar, laborer, Reiglesville ; 
Seagraves James, trucker, Springtown; SearfassWm., 
S., carpenter, Reiglesville; Schug Edwin F., teacher, 
Springtown; Searfass Wm. H., clerk, Reiglesville; 
Sinclair Elmer, laborer, Reiglesville; Seyler Henry, 
carpenter, Reiglesville; Seyler Jacob E., wagon 
maker, Reigi sville; Sailer Jacob, carpenter, Riegles- 

I im pU'QEASTOi^, PA. Largest Store Largest 

LUD Un O Assortments, aud One rice tO All 

ville; Slater John, laborer, Reiglesville; Sullivan 
Ti.iiothy, boss, Carpentersville; Sullivan Daniel, rail- 
roader, Ccirpentei sville; Sullivan Uennis, railroader, 
Carpentersville; Stone H. R., Carpentersville; Smith 
Peter, laborer, CariJentersville; Smith Laurence M , 
miner, Carpentersville ; Sinclair Henry, watchman, 
Reiglesville; Searf(jss Jaccjb C, laborer, Reiglesville; 
Stiles Francis, knife manufacturer, Reiglesville; 
Snyder J. F., blacksmith, Reiglesville; Snyder Geo. 
W., carriages and sleighs, Reiglesville; Seigie Abram, 
commissioner of deeds, Reigl' sville; Shimer Wm. S., 
railroader. Shimer's; Shimer Thomas, teacher, Shim- 
er's; Souder San ford V\',, clerk, Rieglesville; Shinies 
Wm. B., gentleman, Shimer's; Smith John M., gentle- 
man, Reiglesville; Schultz Henry, miller, Reiglesville; 
Super Henry, gentleman, Reiglesville; Super James, 
furnaceman, Reiglesville; Shimer Robert A., store, 

Tiansue Milton, laborer, Warren pajjer mills, War- 
ren paper mills; Tomer Newton, teacher, Reiglesville; 

UnDLillO II 11 r EASTON, PA. ThH pla-* for all kln.U of nuo 

nUntWo ot nJLr, ^j^^;^ down town store. 205 

' Northampton street. 


// tUinyMlE. STOVES IXn mtVSKFhK. 
SI sill Mi <i<HH>S. 

464 t'OH.VTCONG T()VV>sSllIP. 

Tomer Wm. C, miner, Carx)entersville; Terney John, 
railroader. Sliinier's; Todd Roland, carpenter, Car- 
pentersville; Tomer Margaret, seamstress and tailor, 
Rieglesville; Taylor F. S., niaiiulacturer of knives, 
Reiglesville; Toriner Wni. S., gentleman, Reigles- 

Ulmer David, slioemnker, ISpringtown. 

Voaght William, laborer, 8pringtown; Vannatta 
A. H., teacher, Carpentersville ; Vanderbilt Furman, 
peach grower, Reiglesville. 

Welch John S., laborei-, Warren paper mills; Welch 
Peter T., Warren paper mills; VVarman Isaac, Spring- 
town; Warman John, genrleman, Springtown; Wey- 
demyer Jonas, milk dealei-, Springtown ; Wallace T. 
L., laborer. Shinier' s; Wallace Chiistain, Shinier s; 
Wieder Sam'l S., laboier, Sliimer's; Wallace Howard, 
laborer, Shimer's; Wek^h (leorge S., railroader, War- 
ren paper mills; W^iegle Charles E., finisher, Warren 
paper mills; Winter Spencer,* laborer, Warren paper 
mills; Wolverton V. R., gentleman, Warren paper 

I AIIRAPU'Q Pactnn Po 323 Northampton st. largest 

LMUDMvrl O, LaoLOriy \CL, Dry Goods and carpet House. 

'mills; Weiant Samuel, laborer, Shinier s; Weller 
Robert, Springtown ; Wieder Jacob S., Reiglesville; 
Watson Harry, paper maker, Warren paper mills; 
Weller Joseph C, Shimer's; Weller C ilvin, trucker. 
Springtown; Willever Henry, boatman, Shimer's; 
Winter Peter, railroader, Si)rini.,tt)wn; Wyatt Richard, 
gardener, Reiglesville; Wernert Charles A. laborer, 
Carpentersville; VN'arner Samnel, groceries, Reigles- 
ville; Walkner James G., miller, Reiglesville; Wol- 
iinger S. M., cleik, Reiglesville; Wardell Henry, 
paper maker, Reiglesville; Offic^e Warren Manu- 
facturing Company, Reiglesville; Wieder Solomon 
W., postmaster, Reiglesville; Wieder John S., 

Young Joseph, mason, Springtown; Younkins 
Jonas, wheelwright, S])ringtown; Younkins James, 
railroader, Springtown; Young Alfred H., trucker, 
Springtown; Young Abram, trucker, Reiglesville: 
Young Geo. H., plasterer, Reiglesville. 

Zigenl'oose Henry, miner, Carpentersville; Zigle. 

BARGAINS IN HORSE~ WHIPS at fate', HacMtstowil, 

.j;^^lL.*:Z^ /:^^NORTON'S Easton, Pa. 


Aslier, laborer, Carpeiiteraville; Zigler John, laborer, 
Caiptt-ntersville; Zearfoss Levi, gentleman, Carpenteis- 
ville; Zeller Peter, (-irpenter, Reiglesville; Zeller 
Samuel, lieigiesville; Zeller Jacob, laborer, Keiglea- 
ville; Zeller James, genilemau, Springtown; Zeller 
Isaac, Springtown; Zeller Henry, Springtown; Zeller 
Wendle, Springtown, 



General Merchandise 


General Farmer and Peach and Small Fruit 


Producer of large quantities of Peach trees for setting out. Best 
, : .- Viirieties. Establlslied '60 years. 

oi3[-A.Krc5-:E:'w-A.Ti3n., jxr..j-. 


— » «- 

\ A / ASHINGTON township is situated about midway between 

V V the northern and southern ends of Warren county along thft 

Musconetcong. As a township it may be called "The Flower 

pf the Musconetcong." No more beautifid scenery is presented in the 

county than is to be seen in this township. 

Prom Washington Borough, looking westward, in I he direction of 
Phillipsburg, may be seen a landscape tnily picturesque and striJiingly 

In shape, the township is almost square, its eastern and westtrh sides 
being at right angles with the Musconetcong, and its northern boundary 
in general direction, almost partillel with it. It is bounded as follows ; 
north, Oxford; east, Mansfield; south, the Musconetcong, and west, 

The Borough of Washington is located in the centime of the town.ship 
And is described elsewhere in this work. 

Present population ot the township, about 2,300. 

The physical features of this township are considerably varied. Smil- 
ing valleys, hills rising along and above them, and mountains looming 
up here and there are i.s characteristics. It is well watered with numer- 
ous springs and small streams, the township being drained almost whol- 
ly by the Musconetcong and the Pohatcong, the one forming its southern 
boundary, the othei' crossing its central portion. 

The Pohatcong mountains as the principal range. The loftiest mo\m- 
tain in this section of country is Scott's Mountain, near Oxford Furnace, 
being about 1,120 feet above the sea level. The elevation of the Pohat- 
cong Mountains in the vicinity of Washington is much less, be.iig 
but about 500 feet. Most of the mountains in this t-ection have a marked 
characteristic — to the northeast they slope very gradually until they sink 
out of sight, while at their southwest ends the decline is broken and sud- 
den, which is possibly the result of the diluvial period. 

Oae of the most romantic places, for a single day's rustication, to be 
found anywhere, may be visited in this township. "Roaring Rock," of 
local fame, is a miniature cataract in th(f course of Brass Castle Creeli, 
situated about a mile and a halt from Washington Borough, and is much 
vi«iled by picnic paities and the lovers of romantic and picturesque 


scener)', The Rock is about 10 feet wide and 30 feet long. It was 
originally called the "Iiniian Stompei" tVoin the fact that it was once 
used by thf; Indians for gi-indiii^ or crushing corn. 

There are evidences that the history of the township begins with that 
of ChftUgewater, in 1787. and that Chaugcwater was more prosperoue . 
than Washington prior to 1800. There were settlers in the township, 
however, as early as 1769. 

The principal occupation of the inhabitants of the townsiiip, is farm- 
ing, and stock raising. Several othei- industi-ies are reprevented, such 
as milling, tanning, stone quarrying etc., but are not carried on to any 
great extent. 

Forraery other industries received attention in this township, which 
are now not existing, a i ong which was that ofcanal-l>oat building. Two 
boat yards were in active operation, one at Washington and one at Port 
Colden, in which many boats were built annually. The Morris Canal 
and the Morris & Essex RR. furnish employment to a number of men 
in the township. 

The towns are: Port Colden, situated on the Morris & Essex RR. and 
the Morris Canal, and is said to be naaied in honor of Cadwalader Col- 
den, who was Governor of the State of Sew York, under the second 
period of the English administration, during the year 1760-61. The 
.settlement was first called "Dusenberry's Folly," in < ontempt for Wm, 
Dusen berry, one of th" founders of the place, for being so foolish as to 
think that a large town would at some time occupy I lie present site of 
the village. 

The oldest settler here was Newbold Woolsion, grandfather of the 
present James B. W<K)lston. It has three st.tres, a blacksmith shop, 
post office and schr)o]house. It is about one mile from Washington. 

Changewater, so called because of tlie -ieparation and conducting of 
the waters from the upper and lower banks of the .Vlusconetfong, into 
two counties, Warren and Hunterdon, by tlu' mill races of the "Old Forge," 
is located in the southern part of thetowusliip. wliere l\n- D. L. «fc W.RR. 
crosses the Musconetcong. It was the scene of the murder of the Cast- 
ner family, by Carter and Parks, whose graves are along the road lea<l- 
ng to Port Colden, and just nortli of Mic villagf; of Changewater. Parks 
was a biother-in-law of Castner. D.ite of tlu; murder, 1844. Change- 
water has an excellent flouring mill, a picture frame factory, store post 
office, school house and limestone (juari ies. 

Brass Castle, supposed to be so called because one Jacob Biass, in 
the old pioneer days erected at this place his log castle, is located in the 
northwestern part of the township ui)on the north bank of the Moms ca- 
nal. It has a grist mill, blacksmilli shop, saw mill, school houf^e and 
8tore of recent date. 
Imladale has a st< re and grist mill. 
Fairmount has a school house and foundry. 
Washington Borough is described elsewhere. Schools 5, scholars 3flfl. 


Township Directory. 

All whose vocation is not mentioned are farmers. 
The Post Office addresses not given in this townshiiJ 

are Washington. 

Anderson J. H., car repairer, Port Coklen; Alsljouse 
A. W., teamster, Port Colclen; Apgar \V. H., level 
tender, Port Golden: Adams B B., wliHclwriglit; 
Adams .Joseph, merchant; Ackeiman Cliarh's. beat- 
man; Allen William, sexton; Apgar KmaniiHl, ntiied, 
Port Golden; Apgar Jennie, householder; A]>g;»rGeo., 
laborer; Ackmen John, laborer. 

Bryan Reuben, New Hampton; Bryan Lzra, New 
Hampton; Bryan Alonzo, New Hampton; Bryan 
Chester, New Hamjiton; I^owlby Joseph, lain rer, 
New Hampton; Blinn Othniel. laborer. New Hamp 
ton; Burd Marshal frame maker, Chiuigvvvater Burd 
George, laborer, Changewater; Burd Galel\ laboter, 
Changewater; Burd Wm., laliorer, Ghai.gewater; Bar- 

T*TTn»nnia rinn+n,. nn~T^l^E LARGE-sT DRY GOODS AND CAR 

LAIIBACH S EaStOll, Pa. pet house bai^gains always 

net Wm., teanister, Changewater; Barbel- Wm. T., 
organ builder. Port Golden; Baibei' (Uiaj-les, iaii- 
roader. Port Cf)ldeTi; Bnrd James, boatman. Port 
Golden; Bamrick Jolm. r;iih-oadei\ PoiM Golden ; 
Bryan Rachel, lieeholder; Br an .lose]>h. h^lxirer; 
Bryan Harry, laborer ; Baker ,la('<-b. lalMuei' : Baker 
Daniel, laborer ; Baker John R.. blarksmilh. Port 
Golden; Burd Theo., laborer, (hangewatei- ; Bodine 
Enos ; Bodine Wm.; Bodine .lohn ; Bowlby Riche.y, 
New Hani})ton ; B(jwjl)y Ghestei-, New Hampton; 
Bowlby Wm., New Hampton ; Bowlby Miller, New 
Hampt(»n ; Beidlemaii Joseph; Beidieman Harry; 
Benvard Wm., painter; Benward Irvin, painter; Ben 
ward Ira, ])ainter ; Bowman Adam ; Bowman Samuel; 
Bowman Edward ; Boyd Edwai'd ; Baylor Wm,, 
Broadway ; Baylor Ira, laborer, Broadway ; Baylor, 
Prank, laborer, Broadway ; Baylor Alfred, laborer, 
Broa'lway; Bryan Michael, lal)orer. Bi-oadway ; Beat- 
ty W^m. II., laborer; Bannahan Patrick. >xford ; 
Bannalmn Miclrtel, laborer, Oxford ; Bannahan Pat- 

ROPE. TWINEretr~H[~WADE BCRS. Hackettstown. 

??fj!^i;";::^,^:i5^ NORTON^ Easton Pa. 


rick, hilxn'er, Oxford; Broad M:irriii, laliorer. Oxford: 
Broad (.leo., laboiev, Oxford; Broad Fred., labort^H', 

Broad Oliver, laborer, Oxford; Broad Martin, la- 
borer, Oxford; i-iauiialian John, luljoj-er.; 
Bannahan Tliornas, lal-<irer. Oxford; Biii:elo\A- John, 
tailor, Oxford; Birkle David. hiickst+;r, Oxford; 
Bickle John, laborer, Oxford; Brinck Daniel, laborer. 
t_)xford; Biinck Levvi.s, laborer. Oxford; Brinck Win., 
laborer, Oxfoid; Brinck John, laborer, Oxford; Ben- 
ward Jolm, brickmake]-; Bowers & Mitchell. ])1oh- 
maker,«s; B(nvlby (xelson, Po't Golden; B 11 Willianu 
Naw Hampton; Burrrs Patrick, la' orer, Oxford; 
Bloointield AVii^on, freeholdei, Cliangewater; Brow 
Peter, laborer, Changewat*-)-; Biirne Chiistian, la- 
boi'er, Changewater. 

I'raiiiei* Pcler, Houi', fee<l etc.. New Hampton; 
Cramer Samnel, miller, New Hani[itOfi; Cowell Geo.. 
lab<n'er, New Hampton; Cowell Waltei. laborer. New 
Hampton; Cowell David, laborei', New Humpt-on ; 
Cowell VV . New Hami)t(m ; Collin.s Oliver, laborer. 

i AliRAPU'Q KASTOX. r.\. <"I,()AlvS ari<l WJlAl'S of 

LinllDMIl" d <:'verv (l<'.s(n'i[)tioii. Our Own Manufacture, 

Port (Jolden ; Collins Edward, laborer. Port Colden : 
Collins J hn. Railroader. Port ('oM.-]t ; Castner John 
P., CbangHwateJ •; <'h«»Iim»i* % i<*f<»r. Jry goods and 
groceries, Changewater ; Ci-am. i Jacob, labore]-,(.'hange- 
water; Cline Lawson. New Hampton; (line (rardner. 
NewHamjiton ; Cieveling Wm , New II:in)|»ton : Creve-- 
iingJ(^hn. New Hampton; < 'reveling ('Tfc.orge. laborer, 

"wrfILi.\M Tt^Tn n I N as, 

Washington, N- J- 

Work done in tae«t of style and nt reMtK^nable j<rtces. 

New Hampton; Chandler Petei-. teanisrei. Ve.wHanip 
ton; CnstJier VVhittiekl. carpenter. Pot Cokh-n ; 
Carling Peter, carpenter. Changewatei'; (darling <bH).; 
Cai'ling Jacob, laborer. CiiHiigewatei; ('anon TlKtmas, 
labor»^r, Oxford; Canon Patrick, laborer, Oxford; 
Carl Nathan, carpenter. Port ('olden: Curl Isaiah L.. 
c'erk. Port ('olden; Ciiil Cliarlss. brakemaiu j(J\;^pher.'^ 

lt?nf)n!!Tn V TtTftT T^ 205 >''>rrr.H.'jij-ton si luHtou, Pa. The beat 
AliUllLWi^ a aULi i'i-i'-"'oi>'iy Merino underwear for 0<»mB. 

H M KIDRTHM wholesale and UETAIL DEALElilN 

n. 111. tf Un I Ull, Hardware, Steves and Housefuniishing 

Robert, shoemaker. Port Golden; Cyphers Lindlow, 
carpenter, Port Golden, Gyi)hers Anna, shoe factory, 
Port Golden; Gyphers Garrie, shoe factory, Port 
Golden; Greager Peter, laborer; Greager Wm., la- 
borer; Greager Whitfield, laborer; Greager Thomas, 
Gole Christopher; Cole John; Cole (leorge, carpenter; 
Cole Archibald; Cole Christopher; Cole Thomas, la- 
borer; Gole John Sr., laborer; Campbell Wm. Sr., la- 
borer; Campbell Wm, Jr., organ maker; Cole Gardner, 
boatman; Ghamberlin George; Ghamberlan Peter; 
Congle Jacob, railroader, Pt^rt Golden; Gaytiier Robert, 
New Hampton; Gastner Aaron, New Hampton; Can- 
on Thomas, la orer, New Hampton; Greager Patrick, 
laborer. New Hampton; Cook Joseph, laboier, Ox- 
ford; Cook Peter, Oxford; Cook Adam, laborer. Ox-' 
ford; Gole C. P., drover; Cravat Elijj^h, Port Golden; 
Christine J, W. , boot and shoemaker. Port G( Iden; 
C(.well David, laborer, New Hampton; Grine Thomas, 
laborer, Oxford; Creveiing John, laborer, Changewater; 
Cowder Jacob, laborer, Oxford; Chamberlain Jacob, 

T A TTT3 A PUK? TriP+nn Do I^argest stuck of CARPETS, lowest prices. 
hiiUDAUn Uj hdlilUll. id,, Best atlenlion always. 

laborer, Oxford. 

Dunn Jacob, New Hampton; Dilts E. V., Port 
Golden; Dilts Henry, Port Golden; Dilts Peter, Pojt 
Golden; Dilts W. A., soldier, Changewater; De- 


Olia-nsoA^c^a-tor, INT. iT., 


Agent for Frank Ooe's Fertilizers. Proprietor of Changewater Peach 
Nursery. A choice lot of trees to select from. 

it^juiier Abraham, laborer, Changewater; Dereamer 
.John W., car repairer, Port Golden ; Dereamer Miller, 
railrotider, Port Golden; Denee Jehile, laborer; Dona- 
hue .lerry, labore)'; Donahue Jerry, laborer; Dona- 

BARGAINS IN HORSE WHIPSlt Wades', HacMtslowu. 


NORTON'S, Easton, Pa 


hue Jerry Jr.. laborer; Dorine John, laborer; Dres- 
bock George, laborer; Dalrymple JohnR. Devine John, 
Denee Jehile, laborer; Dalrumpel John, laborer, Ox- 
ford; Dereamer Isaac, boatman; Denee Wm., laborer; 
Drake Wm., laborer. 

Kster Charles, laborer. 

Fritts Benjamin, carpenter, Changewater; Fritts 
Martin, laborer, Changewater; Fritts James, Change - 
water; Fritts Watson, Change vvater; Fritts William, 
Fitts John;Fitts Henry; Fisher Austin; Felver Clark,; 
laborer, Fort Colden; Felver Samuel, organ carver, 
Fori dolden; Felver Benjamin, shoemaker. Port Col- 
den; Fritts William; Frome Walter; Frome Marvin; 
Fox (reorge, moulder; Fox Charles, moulder; Foss 
Frank, laborer; Foss Enoch, laborer; Foss Sohjmon, 
Foss Jacob, boss railroad carpenter; Foss Christopher; 
Fuss Author; Foss Harvey, laborer; Foss Edward; 
Force Jesse, laborer; Force Jacob, laborer; Frick 
Lewis, moulder, Oxford; Fox Frederick, moulder. 

(xaylord Nancy, Freeholder, Port Colden; Gaylord 

I fi|||lAPII'Q£^S'^ON,PA. Largest Store Largest 

LiMUOHvIl O Assortments, and One '' rice tO All 

George, telegrapher, Port Colden; Garey Whitfield, 
railroader, Port Colden; Garey Philip, shoemaker, 
Port Colden; Gouger Joseph, retired. Port Colden; 
Garey Cliarles, brakemaii, Port Colden; Grand Lewis, 
laborer; Gross Joseph, laborer; Gross John, laborer; 
Gross Henry, laborer; Gulick Mark, Port Colden; 
Gulick Howard, Port Colden; Gulick Wesley, Port 


t^ Give me a call. Everything In Us season. 


Colden; Gass Zenas, laborer; Gass Simon, laborer; 
Gardner Wm., laborer; Gardner Albert, laborer; 
Gardner Robert, carpenter. Port Colden; Gerard 
Lewis, laborer; Grentendoler Christian, laborer, New 
Hampton; Gass David, organ builder. 
Hass Tillman, laborer; Hankinson Irvin, New 

AlUnDLli/0 llnl C EA3T0N, PA. The piaffe tor all of fine 
AnUnCnO & llULr, «?«":■ DOWN TOWN STORE, 205 

' Northampton street. 

ESTABL.1SMEJ3 1865. 

A. B. GROFF & CO., 

152 Washington Avenue, Washington, • . J. 



Dry Goods, Wall Paper, Boots and 
Shoes, Crockery, 







The KOA^AL ST. JCJIIN our specialty, llmis FOllVVAKD 

or BACKWARD, witlioiit brcakinu' the needle or 

thread or clumgiiitr the stitch. 


THE LEAST yiONEi: ATX\\i}^l\iS\\^ MSlOn, «. 


IIarni)ton; Hankinson Wm., New Hampton; Hill 
Jaroli,, dry goods, groceries, etc, Chaugewater, Hed- 
deii Tiieodoie, lailioadei', Poir Colden; Hummer 
Frank, cieik, Poi't Ctjlden; Hummer C. C, merchant, 
Port (I<>ldeu; Huuimer (.reorge, ticket agent M. «t E. 
R. R., NVuark; iiuiuuier Alouzo, lireman, Port Col- 
deu; Huusler Abiaui, mason, Port Colden; Hanslei- 
Isaac, laborer, Port Colden; Hamilton Wm., rail- 
roader, Port Colden; Hamilton Edon, railroader, Port 
Culd.rii; Hughes James; Hoidman Howard, laborer; 
Heudei-shor Oscar, ice dealer; Henderson George, 
teauister; Harrison Frank, laborer; Hardy Peter, la- 
bor^-r, Pojt Cokh'ii; Hays Roger, raih-oad conductor; 
\h\\,>^ J<;ha, railruadej-; Hays Wm., railroader; Hardy 
JoliJi (t., Jalxner, New Hami)ton; Harrison Edgar; 
Hildebraiidt Howitrd, railroader; Hixson Abrm, black- 
smith; Harrpence John, retired; Hartpence Armitage, 
r^;tire(i; Haitman Jacob, minei', Oxl'ora; Hartman 
George, miner, Oxford; Hartman Harvey, miner, Ox- 
ford; Hartman Elmer, miner, Oxford; Hartman Adam, 

LAUBACH'STEaston, Pa. ^T="I^r»"r' 

min-r. Oxford; Hawk Philip, New Hampton; Hatcher 
Authouy, laborer, Oxford. 

Insco Henry. 

Jelferson John, carp-uter,- Port Colden; Jelferson 
Mary, dressmaker. Port (Joldnu; Jefferson Martha, 

Kline Freeman; Kiine James; Kline Oliver; Kinna- 

Fresh and Salt Meats 

J. E. MYERS, Washington, N. J. 

man Peter; Kinnaman Wm,; Kinnaman John, laborer, 
Port Colden; Kinnaman Samuel; Kinnaman Hamilton, 
miller; Kinna man P^tHr; Kinnaman Samuel; Kinna- 
Joseph, miliei-; Kiiiiiaiiiaii Uro!^., Hour, feed, etc.; 
Kenney Thomas, laborei-; Kna})p John, laborer. Ox- 
ford; Knapp VV^m., laboier, Oxfoj-d; Knapp Robert, 
laborer, Oxford; Kern, E. ii„ »«ehoolteaeber,Port 

Andrews & Nolf, 

205 Ni.rUjHOipion St., Kai»ton, Pa The only 
pJitoe Uj l>uy the uel<}t>ral«a "Ould BUt«t' fealLtrs. 
Ciuuraaittod tr«e tnnu. odor aad dirt. 



MSHiyo uoons. 


Golden; Kinney Joseph, laborer; Kinney Jacob, truck 
raiser; Kinney Castner, laborer; Kinney Tnnis, labor- 
er; Kinney Samuel, laborer; Kinuey Peter, laborer; 
Kavitz Charles, laborer, Oxford ;^Kempsey Charles, 
butcher, Oxford. 

Lewis Frederick; Lewis Henry, agent; Lewis James; 
Lunger John, railroader. Port Colden; Lee Joseph, 
carpenter. Port Colden; Lee Jat)e, lock-tender. Port 
Colden; Lee John, laborer, F*ort Colden; Lee Austin, 
laborer, Port Colden; Lee Alfred, laborer, Port Col- 
den; Lne Stewart, milk pnddler, Port Colden; Lake 
Thomas B.; Lake Frank ; Lukins Jos., laborer; Lan- 
ning tidward, Oxford; Lanning Prank, Oxford; Lan- 
ning Stephen, Sr. Oxford; Lanning Stephen, Jr., 
milk peddler; Lanning James, Oxford; Lanning Al- 
'fred, Oxford. 

Minnick Samuel, laborer, Oxford; Minnick Clayton, 
laborer, Oxf(»rd; Marlatt John R. ; Marlatt Alfred; 
Marlatt Paul; Marlatt Howard; Mills Baron, laborer; 
Mills James, laborer; Martin Mary, freeholder; Mar- 


LAUDAbn baSIOD. ra. pet house, bargains always 

tin Thomas; Miller Catharine, freeholder; Moore Geo., 
railroader. Port Colden; Moore Grant, laborer, 
Change watoi-; Moore Charles, laborer. Change water; 
Miller Leonard, cari)et weaver. Port Colden; Milligan 




I rOHpectfully call the atlontlou of lio\i.sckoepors and others to my select stock of 


Ini-ludiiiK Jill kliKt8 of Moat, domestic and foreign Fruits, French and 
i>ilior mixivl Candles, canned goods, bacon, lard, chip boef, 
all the different bnmds of Flour, Meal, Vege- 
tables, etc.. etc. 

Cigars and Tobacco a Specialty Fuil Stock of Lamps and 
Crocltery Ware- 
Alexandra, laborer, Port Colden; Mowder William; 
Mowder Samuel, Port Oolden; Mowder Jacob, Port 
Colden; Mackey George, New Hampton; Metier Al- 
bert, New Hampton; Mitchell F. B., foundry man; 

ROPEr TWINE, etcrat WAOT'elRSrHaclcettstown; 

,m, IiUn 1 Uli, Hardware, Stoves aud Housefurnislimg. 


Melroy Wm. R. , carpenter. 

Nixson Frank, lab<)rer; Nixson Peter, laborer; Nix- 
son Morris, laborer; Xixon Wm., laborer; Nunn 
David P. S., ruerchanr. Port Golden; \nnii Simon 
W., merchant, Port Golden; Nixson Abraham, laborer; 
Naplas Wm , laborer. 

Opdyke S. R., canalman. Poi-t Golden; Opdyke 
Oliver, canalman, P(/]t Golden ; O^jdyke Wm , section 
boss, Port Golden ; Opdyke John, mason, Port; Gol- 
den; Opdyke Jacob P., cnr[)ent^-r, Poit Ctlden; Jp- 
dN'ke Benjamin, oondnctoi- RR., P.'>rt G^Jdnn; 0[)dyke 
Lizzit^, music teacher. Port Golder'; Opdyke Samuel, 
miller; Opdyke Mary, shoe factory, Rjrt Golden; 
Omick James, laborer; Omi<k Gbarles, laborer; 
Omick Phillip; Omick George, htborer; Osman Daniel; 
Osman Irvin; Osman Robert C; Osni-an Zibe; Osman 
John, laborer; Opdyke Archibald, huckster; Otts 
Michael, laborer, Oxford; Otts He'! ry, laborer, Oxford; 
Otts Greorge, laborer, Oxford; Otts Wm., laborer, Ox- 
ford; Oakes Wm., laborer; Oakes (jfeorge, laborer; 



Oakes Ernest, laborer; Opdyke Kimer, laborer; Op- 
dyke Wm., laborer; Opdyke h^iigeiie, ial)orer. Opdyke 
Charles, laborer. 

Petty Morris, Ghangewater; P^-liy Wm , laborer. 
Ghangewater; Petty Charles, lab(^rer, Ghangewater; 
Petty Morgan; Petty Theodore; Petty William; Pro- 
basco Isaiah, laborer; Pax(jn Wm., laborer. Port 


:BO.A.:E=LiDiKra- zhioxjsib, 

WASiiiMrrox, \. ./. 


Golden; Perry Ira, )ailro;id<-)\ Port (>V)ldeii; Perry 
Elisha; Perry Oron; Pickln Tli.mas, laborei-; Plotts 
Sarah, Freeholder; Ploits John; Pi^rson John, labor- 
er, Oxford; Perry Eli>ha; Pool Wm.; i*o\vers Frank; 
Parker Wm., laborei; »'ursel Lafayette, railroader, 
Port Golden. 
Quigley Sylvester, boatman, Port Golden. 

JllinDCIIIQ fir lini C 20r> Nort ham pUjd street, EpftUvn, Pa. 

linUnCffv 06 nULry Xhr Be'-t 8electea Line (.r Hoolery an'l (H*vea. 

, m. iiUniUni, Hardware, Stoves and Houi?t;fiiniisbiiii5 

Rupie Charles, laborer. New Hjimpton; Reed Fred- 
erick, laoorer. New Uamjttoii; Riddle .Ianie>. Xew 
Hampton; Riddle Han y. New 'Hampton; RinehMrl 
George; Rosel)erry Simon; Roseberry MicliaHl, Pi>rt 
Colden; Roseberry Abraham, Port Colden; Riei;le 
John. Riegle L'rl)an; R.ounceville Cakey, lai^orei'; 
Rouncevibe Wm., laborer; Richev Frank, laboier; 
Rush Wm. P , painter; Rush Ralph 1).; Rush C. L., 
laborer; Rush Get)ri;e. lal)orer; Riddle Lewis, laborer. 
New Hampton; Riddle Fiank. lal>orer. New Hampton; 
Riddle Joseph, laboie»', New Hampton; Riddle John, 
laborer, New Hampton; Rityer Anthony, laborei'; 
Rityer Frederick, laborer; Rody Wm., laborer; Rody 
John, laborer; Rody George, laborer; Roddaty Chas., 
Roddaty August, laborer; Roddaty P^ederick, hdwrer; 
Renard Edward, laboier, Oxtoid; Renard Fivdeiick, 
laborer, Oxford; Renaid Howard, laborer, Oxford; 
Rea Sarrfuel, farmer, Port Colden. 

Sill John. New Hampton; Silker James, New Hamp- 
ton; Silker James Si., retired, Nev^; Hampton; Cheats 

Tf" /k TTTI^ /^ ^^"Ty F>(,'a(is in pricf's and (nialiiv of ljcxhIs. 

Adam, canalman; Stires Wm. M., merchant: Siewai t 
Joseph C , miller. Changewater; Snyder Jac(.'b,Cliiinge- 
water; Snyder Frank, Changewater; Snyder Ziba, 
wheelwright; Snyder James, boatman; Snyder Sauiuel. 
mason; Snyder Kmanuel, laborer; Snyder Luther, 
laboier; Snyder Llmer, laVxu'er; Stevenson James, 
laboiei; Stevensrm Whitfield, laborer; Stevenson 


ir«3.'S-3I3r*H -A.X>y»...TMCS8, 3E»3rot3»x"iot oi'- 

Tli'BStor»> was csi.'iblisiiud lu i,!o,j i/j tin, iJHni;in, i.nipiKHor, and has Iron thnf. 
U !;>- r',i: ihe (iresenl. ooi.iinued t/) Hiijoy a gooil aiifi bealtliy tiaiif. Dry (.KkmIp, 
fiT'c^jfTloK, Ef'otK iiri'l '■;'ioci=, I'als, C;'i?, Ouiiit^cL.fu.ijrj', ull'I t \t;i)'tlinj{r ii* hH 
t u;iil ill a flrst-olaftB general store. Tf you want a goort article at a cl)oai> prlco 
ytiiiCi. nl/o th« Brasfl Castle Store. 

NiclMdas; S<;om]) Wm., railroader. Port Colden; 
S<'.nm[» Fletcher, railroader. Port ('olden; Smith 
Jacob, laborer; Skinner James, Port Colden; Skinner 
NeLson Jr., oigan builder. Port (.olden; Skinner Wm., 
Porf Colden; Scott John B., clerk. Port Colden; 
Scott Charles, laborer; Scot! Mori-is; Scott .Edward; 
Smith Wni.. laborer; Smith Petei-, laborer; Smith 

iS h'A.t.\AW. P. Uy public [I.?lll7iy v^pv.iit Uoalfli«. au»Mrit«i'.a. 


NORTON'S, Easton Pa. 


Lewis, laborer; Smith Jasper; Suyder Ira, laborer; 
Snyder ,)onas, laborer; Snyder Christoplier, laborer; 
Scadeu Lewis, laborer; Scaden Thomas, laborer; Stull 
James, freeholder; Stull Jane, freeholder; Snyder .» 
Staufel, mason; Sunday Frederick, laborer; Sunday 
George, laborer; Sunday Jacob, laborer; Sunday 
Henry, laborer; Sunday Irvin, laborer; Slater Samuel 
laborer; Starker Henry, laborer, Port Golden; Snyder 
John, laborer; Snyder Harry, laborer; Snyder Harvey, 
laborer; Snyder Miller, laborer; Snyder McCallan, 
labijrer; Snyder Jasper, overseer of p<. or; Snyder Lit- 
tle, laborer; Snyder Alonzo, laborer; Stevenson Jacob, 
laborer; Stevenson George, laborer; Stevenson Wm., 
laborer; Sexton Martin, railroader; Sutton Jacob, la- 
borer; Shurts Wm,, New Hampton- Sine John, la- 

Teitsworth Wm., lumberman, Port Golden; Teits- 
worth, J. S., organ builder, Port Golden; Teitsworth 
Lydia, boarding house, Port Golden; Teitsworth Al 
ouzo, factory hand, Port Golden; Teitsworth J. T., 

i ABIBIM^U'G ^^^^'^^^' P'^- CLOAKS and WRAPS of 
IbAUDMIIiI O every description. Our Owk Maaufaoture, 

factory hand;* Thaw Samuel, railroader, Port Golden; 
Tice Levi, laborer; Tice Howard, laborer; Thomas 
Peter, laborer. Port Golden; Thomas Martin, laborer, 
Port Golden; Thompson Robert, railroader, Port Col- 
den; Thompson Lola, shoe factory. Port Golden; 
Thorp Daniel, laborer; Thorp John, laborer; Thorp 
Moses, laborer; Thorp Grant, laborer; Thorp Andrew, 
laborer; Thorp Wm., laborer; Thomas Whitfield, 
Tinsman J. F. 

Vusler Edward, Port Golden; Vusler Jacob, Port 
Golden; Vusler Uriah, Port Golden; Vusler Joseph, 
laborer; Veilt Gatharine; Vleit Alonzo; Vanatta Jos.; 
Vanatta John; Vanatta H. T. B.; Vanatta Joseph; 
Vanatta Ervin; VanSyckle David, Port Golden; Van- 
Syckle John, laborer. 

Weller William; Weller Peter, Sr.; Weller Wm., 
laborer; Weller Peter; Weller Daniel; Weller John; 
W^illever Adam G.; Willever Wm.; Winters Retta, 
shoe factory, Port Golden; Winters Benjamin, rail- 
roader, Port Golden; Winters Henry; Wall Thomas, 

t WT>"Of T!Tn V TTftT ?T 205 Northampton St., Eaaton, Pa. The beat 
AlllilliiWu Ui IiUli4. Piacetobuy Merino Underwear for GentB. 
AAMfe^MMitM «M MVMa y Ladles and Chlldron. 

IT. TJ Ts?7o''Ar A \' NORTON'S, Easton Pa. 


laborer; Winters Prescilla, shoe factory, Port Coiden; 
Woolston J.; Port Coiden; Wamsley Milton; Warns 
ley John; Walker Joseph, laborer; Walker Charles, 
laborer; Walker Gardner, lalioret; Warren John; 
Wire Samuel, railroader, Port Coiden; Weaver Wni, 
R., teacher. Port Gulden; Wiirni-r John; Warner 
Lewis, laborer, Port Coiden; Weiss Ddvid; Webei* 
John, freeholder, Oxford; Weber Henry, lab.-ier. 
Oxfoid; Wyckoff Jacob, Port Coiden; Wvckoff Geo. 
P., retired' Port Coiden; Wyckoff John Jr.; Wyckoff 
Daniel, laborer; Wyckoff Willia.n, laboit'i-; AVyckoff 
Elmer, laborer; Wyckoff J. 11.. teamsioi'; Wandling 
Frank B., lime bnrner; Wandling John; Wandlini;; 
Enoch, organ builder; Wandling Adisiu; Wandling 
Henry, carpenter; Wette .Mary, freehold: 'r; Woolf 
Susan, freeholder; Woodruff Jaco!) 

Simon; Youm.ins 

Hugh ; 


You mans 

Zenbrick Clark, laborer; Zenbrick Freclejick, la- 
borer; Zellers George. 



--^^..^ji^DEALER IN 





iDRY gooDs, Groceries, 

HatSy CapS; Crockery, 


and everything usually kept in a gen- 
eral store. The highest price paid 
for Country Produce. 


Give him a call and be convinced. 





•1 T 

All Orders Promptly Executed and 
Satisfaction Guaranteed. 


Gents' Furnishing Goods, 
HATS, C APS, <&;c., <Scc.