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Full text of "Watertown's military history"

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WATERTOWN'S 



MILITARY HISTORY. 



AUTHORIZED BY A VOTE OF THE INHABITANTS 

OF THE TOWN OF WATERTOWN, 

MASSACHUSETTS. 



\x^ 



Published in ibo/, under the direction of a Committee 

REPRESENTING!, THE SoNS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, 

AND Isaac E(, Patten Post 8i, Grand Army of the 
Republic. 



y 







I 



BOSTON : 
CLAPP & SON, PRINTERS, 
291 Congress Street. 
1907. 



on-. 
o 



CO 

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CONTENTS. 



List of Illustrations x'" 

Preface ^^ 

Colonial Wars • ^ 

A peaceful meeting between English Settlers and the 

Watertown Indians in 1630. 
Early preparations for self-defence. 
Night Guards established in April, 1631. 
A Council of War appointed in 1634. 
Roster of the Second Regiment, and Watertown's first 

company .....•••• 2 
The Pequod War in 1636. 
First Muster on Boston Common in 1639. 

King Philip's War 3 

Capt. Richard Beers of Watertown killed at Northfield. 

Capt. Nathaniel Davenport's company of Watertown 
men ...••••••• 4 

The Sudbury fight. 

Petition of Daniel Warren and Joseph Peirce for recom- 
pense for services at Sudbury . . . . "5 

Assignment of wages to Watertown soldiers . • 7 

Soldiers' land grants 8 

Sketch of Capt. Hugh Mason 9 

Cost of King Philip's War. 

French and Indian Wars lO 

The Revolutionary War 12 

Watertown town records. 

The town votes to discourage the importation of British 
goods. 

Many citizens petition for a town meeting to agree upon 
measures for a redress of grievances . . . 13 

Resolutions against violations of constitutional rights 
and privileges . . • • ' • • '14 

Protest against unjust taxation . . . . • 15 

Action in regard to the destruction of tea in Boston har- 
bor ..-• ^ •■•• * 16 



iv Watertown^s Military History. 

Boycott on the use of tea in Watertown. 
The town appropriates £20 for purchase of powder, 
balls and flints . . . . . . . • ^7 

Voted to order the Militia Company to drill two hours 
each week ........ 18 

Capt. Jonathan Brown chosen as representative to the 
Provincial Congress ; also John Remington and Samuel 
Fisk .......... 19 

No more money to be paid by the town into the pro- 
vince treasury. 
JC20 appropriated for mounting two cannon in town. 
The town votes to sustain the acts of the Continental Con- 
gress .......... 20 

Officers of the Train chosen. 

Military officers selected . . . . . .21 

Training expenses allowed ...... 22 

Dorothy Coolidge's bill for rum, and John Draper's bill 
for bread, used by the men in the Lexington fight, paid 
by the town ........ 23 

The citizens of Watertown vote to stand by and defend 
with their lives and estates the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence of the thirteen colonies. 
Measures adopted for raising money and soldiers . . 24 
Form of tax for war expense . . . . • 25 

Pay allowed to soldiers ....... 26 

Citizens reimbursed for payments on account of War . 27 
Committee chosen to provide for soldiers' families . . 30 
The town opposes the quartering of Burgoyne's officers 
here . . . . . . . . . '31 

Bounties granted to Continental soldiers; £500 appro- 
priated ......... 32 

Payments to soldiers ....... 33 

Appropriation of £2443 for soldiers . . . • 3^ 

Measures for raising soldiers . . . . . -39 

The sum of £12,000 voted to raise men and procure 
clothing for the army ...... 41 

Granted £3000 to buy four horses ; also £6000 additional 

for hiring men. 
£15,000 granted to secure soldiers . . . . .42 

£34,000 to purchase beef ...... 43 

Seventy-five paper dollars for one of silver. 
New Tender of money act not approved by the town . 44 
Voted to favor revival of lately repealed Tender act . 45 
Town collectors ordered to receive no more old currency 

for taxes, but new money or hard coin . . .46 

£100 to secure beef. 
$Soo to hire men ........ 47 

The town's stock of ammunition . . . . .48 

Events leading to the Revolution 49 



Contents. v 

The Provincial Congress 50 

It meets at Watertown April 22, 1775, 

The selectmen allow the use of the Meeting House for 
its sessions . . . . .... 51 

Committee appointed to take depositions in regard to 
the Battle of Lexington. 

Resolved to raise an army of 30,000 men. 

Dr. Joseph Warren chosen president. 

Voted that 600 enlistment papers be printed, and Com- 
mittee on Supplies empowered to impress horses or 
teams. 

Active preparations for defence . . . . -52 

Address to the people of Great Britain adopted . . 53 

A powerful army the colonists' only hope . . -54 

Letter read from John Hancock. 

Aid voted to the 5000 indigent people of Boston . . 55 

Supplies furnished Col. Benedict Arnold . . -56 

The Receiver General empowered to borrow £100,000. 
'Pay assigned to the Train Band . . . . -57 

Remonstrance to Gen. Gage adopted . . . • 58 

Postal rates established. 

Letter sent to the Indians, asking them to raise a com- 
pany 59 

Advice in relation to a civil government asked of the 
Continental Congress. 

Lady Frankland's trip from Hopkinton to Boston . . 60 

Committee of Safety chosen. 

Gen. Artemas Ward appointed Commander in Chief. 

Gen. Ward recommends large supplies for the army . 61 

Third Provincial Congress .62 

Mr. Edwards is admonished for calling the Committee 

of Safety " a pack of sappy-headed fellows" . . 63 

Rations allotted to soldiers. 
Appeal to the Continental Congress. 
Proclamation by Gen. Gage, calling the Colonists rebels, 

and declaring martial law ...... 64 

A vigorous reply to Gen. Gage. 

Committee report on profanation of the Sabbath, as one 

of the prevailing sins of the day. 
Dr. Joseph Warren chosen Major General. 
Hon. James Warren elected President of Congress. 
A day of fasting and prayer . . . . . .65 

General Washington in Watertown . . . . (>6 
His reception and entertainment along the route. 
Greeting by Congress. 

Gen. Washington's response . . . . . '67 

Gen. Charles Lee's reply to an address of welcome . 68 

Closing days of the Provincial Congress . . .69 



vi Waiertown's JSIilitary History. 

General Court of Massachusetts organized. 
Trial of Benjamin Church for treason; his conviction 
and death. 

The Marshall Fowle House . . . . '70 

Occupied by the Honorable Council in 1775 and 1776. 
History of the house. 

Sketch of G&\\. Joseph Warren . . . . '71 

Lady Washington entertained. 

Sketch of Dr. James Warren . . . . -72 

Members of the Council. 

Soldiers of the Revolution ...... 73 

Watertown's condition in 1775. 

Assessors' list, showing names and estates of taxpayers. 

The Lexington Alarm ....... 77 

Gen. Gage sends out Lieut. Col. Smith with 800 troops. 
Battles at Lexington and Concord; retreat of British to 

Boston. 
Watertown's creditable part ; Joseph Coolidge killed . 78 
Muster roll of Capt. Barnard's Watertown company. 

Battle of Bunker Hill 81 

Col. Thomas Gardner, being mortally wounded, was suc- 
ceeded by Col. William Bond of Watertown. 
Capt. Abner Craft's company was in this 37th Regiment. 
Names of the officers and men in the Watertown com- 
pany. 

Battles of the Revolution and Leading Events . 83 

Washington at Dorchester Heights . . . -85 
Pay Roll giving the names of the Watertown militia com- 
pany that took part. 

Soldiers of Later Battles ...... 87 

Hardships and discouragements. 

Alpliabetical list of soldiers who served in the Revolu- 
tion, as taken from the State Archives ... 88 

Jonathan Brown's Payments ..... 105 
Sketch of Capt. Brown. 

His payments, as Town Treasurer, for war services and 
supplies. 

Bond's List of Soldiers ...... 109 

Compiled from his Genealogical History of Watertown. 
Men who served before and during the Revolution and 
Shay's Rebellion. 

The Scrap Book . . . . . . . .116 

Selections mainly from Rev. Edward A. Rand's scrap 

books. 
Dorothy Coolidge's Tavern. 
Paul Revere in Lexington . . . . . .117 



Contents. vii 

The Battle of Lexington . . . . . .118 

The Battle of Bunker Hill. 

The Watertown Meeting House . . . . .119 

Robert Harrington . . . . . . .120 

Marking Patriots' Graves. 

The Galen Street Bridge . . . . • . .131 

The Indians of Watertown . . . . . .122 

She captured a Redcoat. 

A Colonial Newspaper . . . . . .123 

Captain John Fowle . . . . . . .124 

The Powder House. 

Paul Revere House . . . . . . .125 

The Stone Family. 

The late Rev. Edward A. Rand . . . . .126 

Story of the Watertown Seal. 

General Warren in Watertown . . . . .127 

The Civil War 1 29 

The War of 181 2 and that with Mexico not popular in 

Massachusetts. 
Great excitement when Fort Sumter was fired upon, 

April 12, 1861. 
The Sixth Regiment starts for Washington, April 17. 
Watertown people cheer the Sixth Regiment at Newton 

and decide to form a company. 

Civil War Records . . . . . . • 130 

Special town meeting held April 23, 1861 ; Miles Pratt 
moderator. 

Stirring resolutions adopted in support of the Union 
cause, and pledging faith to care for the families of vol- 
unteers. 

Voted to borrow $5000 and to raise and equip a company, 
allowing a bounty of $30 to each volunteer . • 131 

July 10, 1862, voted to pay a bounty of $75 to volunteers 
under call of July 7. 

Bounty increased to $100 . . . . . -132 

Selectmen's report of Watertown's enlistments and war 
payments up to Dec, 1862. 

$400 appropriated for reception to Co. K, Fifth Regi- 
ment ......... 133 

Bounty of $150 voted. 

$7000 appropriated for filling town quotas. 

Soldiers of the Civil War ...... 135 

Watertown's territory, population and wealth in i860. 
Where Co. K was encamped and fed by the town. 

Soldiers' Record, Town of Watertown . . . 136 
By William H. Ingraham, Town Clerk. 
Roll of Honor. 
Roster of Co. K, Sixteenth Regiment. 



viii Watertown's Military History. 

Soldiers added to the company after the regiment left the 
state .......... 138 

Death of Chaplain Arthur B. Fuller at Fredericksburg 139 

The town's quota as filled July 7, 1S62. 

Volunteers for three years allowed under call for 300,000 
men .......... 140 

Quota of 9 months' men, Aug. 4, 1S62, in Co. K, Fifth 
Regiment. 

Watertown men in other commands .... 141 

Recruiting Committee's Report ..... 142 

President Lincoln calls for 500,000 men, and a draft or- 
dered, if necessary, in Sept., 1864. 

Watertown appoints a Recruiting Committee to fill quota. 

The town appropriates $5000 and citizens subscribe over 
$13,000 to pay for recruits ..... 143 

Names of enlisted men. 

Names of substitutes ....... 144 

Qiiota is filled, with three to spare. 

Civil War Service 145 

First Regiment Infantry (3 yrs.) 

Second " " (3 yrs.) 146 

Third Battalion Rifles (3 mos.) 

Fifth Regiment Infantry (3 mos.) .... 147 

Fifth " " (9 mos.) Co. K of Watertown 

was in this regiment.' 

Fifth Regiment Infantry (100 days) .... 152 

Ninth " " 153 

Eleventh " " 154 

Twefth " " 155 

Thirteenth " " 156 

Fifteenth " " 

Sixteenth " " including Co. K of Watertown 157 

Seventeenth Regiment Infantry .... 164 
Eighteenth " " 

Nineteenth " " 165 

Twentieth " " 

Twenty-third " " 166 

Twenty-fourth " " 167 

Twenty-eighth " " 

Twenty-ninth " "...,. 168 

Thirtieth " " 169 

Thirty-second " " 

Thirty-third " " 170 

Thirty-fifth " « 171 

Thirty-eighth " " 172 

Thirty-ninth " " 

Fortieth " " 173 

Forty-second " " (100 days). . -174 





Contents. 




ix 


Forty-third Regiment 


[nfantry (9 mos.) . 


• ^IS 


Forty-fourth 




i( 




(9 mos.) 




Forty-seventh 




(< 




(9 mos.) 


. 176 


Fiftieth 




(( 




(9 mos.) 




Fifty-third 




(C 




(9 mos.) 


• 177 


Fifty-fourth 




(( 








Fifty-sixth 




(( 




• . • • 


. 178 


Fifty-seventh 




(( 








Fifty-ninth 




(( 




• » • • 


. 179 


Sixtieth 




(( 




(100 days) 




First Regiment Cavalry 


, 








Second " 


u 






• • • • 


. 181 


Third " 


(( 






• • • • 


. 182 


Fourth " 


u 










First Battalion 


Frontier 


Cavalrv 


' . • • • 


. 183 


Second Battery 


Light Artillery 


• • • • 


. 184 


Fourth " 


t( 


(( 




• • • • 


. 185 


Seventh " 


(( 


(( 








Eleventh " 


(( 


(( 


(9 


mos.) 




(( a 


(( 


(( 


(3 


yrs.) . 


. 186 


Twelfth " 


(( 


u 








Thirteenth " 


(( 


(( 


, 


• • • • 


. 187 


Fifteenth " 


(C 


(( 








Sixteenth " 


(( 


(( 








First Battalion 


Heavy 


« 








First Regiment 


(( 


u 


, 


, , , , 


. 188 


Second " 


(( 


u 








Third " 


(( 


u 


, 


• • t • 


. 189 



Watertown's Quota of Colored Troops . 
" The Colored Troops fought nobly." 

Most of them were enlisted in Southern States, at a 
bounty of $125 each. 

Watertown Men Who Were Credited to Other 
States ....... 

Veteran Reserve Corps . . . , 

Soldiers of the Regular Army . 

The Ordnance Corps 

Those connected with the Watertown Arsensl. 

Watertown's Naval Record 

Results and close of the Civil War 



The War with Spain 

The Battleship Maine blown up in Havana Harbor on 

night of Feb. 15, 1898. 
War begun in April. 
Calls for 200,000 volunteers. 
Admiral Dewey destroys the Spanish fleet at Manila 

Bay. 



193 
195 
196 
197 

200 

207 

208 



X Watertoivn^s Military History. 

Admiral Cervera's Spanish fleet destroyed in Cuba, by 

Admirals Sampson and Schley. 
Losses and results of the war. 
Watertown men who took part in the war. 

The Veterans of Post 8i 211 

Organization of the Post in 1871. 

Sketch of Rev. Arthur B. Fuller . . . .212 

Record of Isaac B. Patten, for whom the Post was named. 

Halls occupied by Post 81. 

Memorial Day observances ..... 213 

Testimonial to Adjutant John E. Bradlee. 

Reception to the Patten family. 

Income from fairs and legacies for charitable purposes 21^ 

Patriotic exercises in the Public Schools. 

The Post adopts resolutions in support of the war against 

Spain, and keeps its flag flying during the whole war. 
Reunions of the Veterans . . . . . .215 

Rev. Edward A. Rand, associate member, sketch. 

Record of Rev. William H. Savage's military service. 

List of officers for 1907 ...... 216 

Commanders of Post 8r. 

Alphabetical list of those who have joined the Post up 

to 1907, giving their war record. 

Notes about Post Si 230 

Photograph of Post 81 231 

Sons of Veterans 232 

Organization and charter members of 1894. 

List of Commanders ....... 233 

Officers for 1907. 

Members from 1894 to 1907 ..... 234 

The Woman's Relief Corps ..... 235 

Charter members. 

Original officers. 

Its Presidents up to 1906. 

Members in 1906 ....... 236 

Outline of the excellent work of the Corps . . . 237 

Watertown Chapter, D. A. R 238 

Organized in January, 1898. 

Brief history of the Chapter, showing its patriotism and 
public spirit. 

List of Charter Members ...... 239 

Original oflScers chosen. 

Membership of the Chapter in 1907, and names of Rev- 
olutionary ancestors. 

Watertown Women of 1S61 — 1865 .... 241 
The churches closed on Sunday, July 31, 1862, after the 
second Battle of Bull Run, and the women met in 
in the Town Hall, to prepare lint and bandages for 
wounded soldiers. 



242 



243 

245 

247 



Contents. 

President Lincoln's letter of thanks to Watertown peo 
pie. 

The First Volunteer ...... 

Interview with Sergt. Samuel F. Stearns of Watertown 
His record of 3 years and 8 months' service. 
"Fighting Joe" Hooker's letter to Gov. Andrew on 
death of Col. Wyman ..... 

Captain Banks' Diary 

Sketch of war events he noted in 1862. 

The Coolidge Monument ..... 

Erected in the Arlington Street cemetery, in honor of 

Joseph Coolidge of Watertown, who was killed in 

the Battle of Lexington, April 19, 1775. 
Dedication services, May 29, 1875. 
Sketch of Joseph Coolidge. 

The Soldiers' Monument 248 

In memory of the men who served in the Civil War. 
Dedicated with impressive services on Oct. 31, 1889. 
Description of the monument. 

Soldiers' Graves in Watertown Cemeteries . . 250 
Names of those whose memory is kept fresh in mind 

with flags and flowers, by Post 81, on each annually 

recurring Memorial Day. 
Arlington Street Cemetery. 
Common Street Cemetery. 
St. Patrick's Cemetery ...... 252 

Ridgelawn Cemetery. 

Watertown in 1907 253 

Its remarkable growth in population and wealth since 

1861. 
New school buildings erected. 
The Charles River improvements. 

Mount Auburn Street widened, at a cost of $100,000 . 254 
The water system purchased for $420,000. 
Sewerage system installed. 
Great growth of the debt and in the cost of maintenance 

of town departments. 
Appropriations compared for 1869 and 1906, showing 

many new expenses. 
Change in the character of the population . . . 256 
The Public Library and its benefactors. 

Advancement of the public schools .... 257 
Conservative management of the Water department. 
Excellent work of the Board of Health. 
Public parks a crowning glory of the town. 
The Fire and Police departments in new quarters. 
Highways better cared for than ever before. 



xu 



Watertoivn's Military History. 



Measures of relief for those in need broadened . . 258 

The peril to shade trees from moths and beetles. 

A liberal spirit shown by Nation and Town toward the 

Veterans of the Civil War and the War with Spam. 

List of the town officers of Watertown for 1907. 

261 
Index of Persons 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



lO. 



II. 



I 



15 



62 



1. Plan of the Old Meeting House in 1836 . 12 

The First Parish Church. 

2. The Provincial Congress Memorial ... 50 

Tablet at the corner of Mount Auburn and Com- 
mon Streets, Watertown. 

3. Home of the Provincial Congress in 1775 

Exterior of the First Parish Church. Drawn by 
Charles Brigham, Architect, from description. 

4. General Washington on Horseback . . 66 

Statue in the Boston Public Garden. 

5. The Marshall Fowle House, Watertown, in 

1907 70 

6. Jonathan Brown's Bill for service in the Pro- 

vincial Congress io5 

7. Dorothy Coolidge's Tavern . • • .116 

Remodeled in 1840 by John Brigham. Previously 
it had a low hip roof, and no ells. 

8. Major General Joseph Warren . . . .118 

9. The Old Bridge over the Charles River at 

Watertown . . . . > - .121 
Easterly view, showing the appearance just be- 
fore its removal in 1906. 

Paul Revere's Memorial 125 

Tablet on Watertown Street, Watertown. 

The Town Seal 126 

Designed by Charles Brigham, Architect. 

12. General Warren's Memorial . . . .128 

Tablet at the corner of Mount Auburn and Mar- 
shall Streets, Watertown. 

13. The Watertown Town Hall in 1907 . -130 

14. Call for 500,000 Troops I34 

The Spring Hotel in Watertown . . .13^ 
Where Co. K was boarded by the Town in June, 
1861. Until 1890, a large open yard, sheds and 
stable were at the right of building. 



xiv Watertown's Military History. 

1 6. Last Call before the Draft 

17. Reception of Co. K, Captain Crafts, Mass 

Fifth Regiment 



18. Portrait of Capt. Joseph Crafts 

19. Reception of Co. K, Sixteenth Regiment, Mass 

Vol., July 19, 1864 

20. Charter of Post 8r, G. A. R. 

21. Portrait of Isaac B. Patten 

22. A Louisiana Rebel Musket 

Captured, and carved with a penknife, by U. S 
Private R. T. Woodward, in 1862. 

23. Photograph of Post Si 

24. President Lincoln's Letter, of Sept. 5, 1862 

25. Portrait of Samuel F. Stearns in 1S61 . 

Watertown's First Volunteer. 

26. The Coolidge Monument .... 

27. The Soldiers' Monument .... 

28. Capt. Moses Warren's Memorial 

In the Common Street Cemetery, Watertown. 



142 

149 
150 

159 
211 

212 
230 

232 
241 
242 

247 
248 
250 



PREFACE. 



The beginning of this book is the last part to be written 
and printed. Nearly six years ago, at the annual town meeting 
of March, 1902, the following article in the warrant was acted 
upon favorably : 

" To see if the Town will vote to authorize the Sons of the 
American Revolution, and Isaac B. Patten Post, 81, G. A. R., 
to publish an Army and Navy Register for the Town of Water- 
town, and appropriate the sum of $300 therefor." 

A chapter of the S. A. R. was then in existence in Water- 
town, of which Rev. Edward A. Rand was president, and it was 
through his efforts that the appropriation was made and the 
work started. 

A committee of six was appointed as follows : Rev. Edward 
A. Rand, Alberto F. Haynes and George A. Alden, these 
three representing the Chapter; Captain William H. Ben- 
jamin, Captain Orlendo W. Dimick, and T. Frank Holmes, 
selected by Post 81, G. A. R. 

Rev. Mr. Rand served as chairman of the committee until 
the time of his death in 1903. Since then Alberto F. Haynes 
has acted as chairman. Captain William H. Benjamin has 
been the treasurer. William H. Potter was chosen to fill the 
vacancy caused by Rev. Mr. Rand's death. Mr. Alden moved 
away from the town quite a while ago, but his place on the 
committee has not been filled. 

The services of Willie M. Russell were secured and he 
worked with an earnest purpose in gathering from the town 
and state archives, and other sources, the records of military 
services performed by Watertown men, or in behalf of this 
town. Then came his death, leaving the completion of the 
task to the committee. 



xvi Watertoivti's Military History. 

An endeavor has been made to do this work well, yet it is 
not expected that the book will be found to be free from im- 
perfections. It has been a long, laborious, loving task, with 
the one object in view of permanently recording the patriotic 
story of a town that has been foremost in the creation and 
preservation of the Union ; and of those individuals who have 
volunteered their services, and risked their lives on the battle- 
field, as duly accredited representatives of the town. 

The ranks of these Veterans are thinning fast, but their 
record will live to inspire the minds of new generations with 
gratitude for what has been accomplished, and an ambition 
to keep free from stain the good name of Our Country ; its 
beautiful flag ever honored. 

Credit has been given in different parts of the book to many 
of those persons from whom material was obtained. The 
Colonial period, including King Philip's War, was described in 
part from Bodge's collation of facts, as taken from the Ar- 
chives. Further data was obtained from the work entitled 
Regiments and Armories of Massachusetts. Bond's History 
of Watertown has been freely drawn upon. In addition to 
the archives of this State, information has come from those of 
New York, Missouri and Michigan, in response to letters sent 
by Captain William H. Benjamin. 

Watertown people have assisted in various ways. Charles 
F, Fitz, whose time has been freely given in preparing for 
publication the volumes of town records, has helped in making 
the index for this Military History. Charles A. Stearns has 
furnished valuable material, and his wife spent many days in 
culling out from faded manuscripts at the State House the 
record of Revolutionary patriots, whose names appear herein. 

The scope of the work has been broadened, to include cuts 
of old war posters, and pictures of houses and places, inti- 
mately connected with military affairs. George P. Osborn of 
Watertown has prepared these illustrations with excellent 
skill and much care. 

The Committee is indebted to the printers, David Clapp & 
Son, whose experience in this line of historical printing has 
been of wide extent, for the general accuracy of the composi- 
tion and presswork. 



Preface. xvii 

It was not expected that the original appropriation of ^300 
would suffice to complete the publication. In March, 1903, 
the town voted $500 additional, and in March, 1906, it added 
1^200 more, but this is not quite enough. The book has ex- 
panded greatly from what was at first contemplated ; this was 
due to a desire to preserve the memory of men and places of 
more than ordinary importance in the history of Watertown. 

That it may merit the approval of the Town, and prove to 
be worth what is has cost in money and time, is the earnest 

hope of the Committee. 

Alberto F. Haynes. 
William H. Benjamin. 
T. Frank Holmes. 
Orlendo W. Dimick. 
William H. Potter. 



WATERTOWN'S MILITARY HISTORY. 



COLONIAL WARS. 

Neither Indian massacre nor battle scene has stained the soil 
of Watertown since it was founded peacefully in 1630. Upon 
the Town Seal is a picturesque representation of the first meeting 
between an English settler and an American Indian, each bearing 
in his hand a welcome gift for the other, a loaf of bread being 
exchanged for a fish. The banks of Charles river were a favorite 
home for the Red Man, who found game in the virgin forest, fish 
in the unpolluted stream, and cooling drink in the spring-fed 
brooks. Many relics of his abiding place have been found. 
Stone arrow-heads and other weapons, and primitive utensils, 
were strewn by the river side. Graves reopened have disclosed 
aboriginal skulls and bones. 

Yet peaceful as the scene appears, it was a fatal meeting for the 
Indian. He has disappeared forever from the place of his natural 
inheritance on these Eastern shores, now the home of the descen- 
dants of that foreigner whom he welcomed then, and of other 
restless wanderers from across the sea to New England. 

And while Watertown has not disclosed a bloody battlefield, it 
has been the starting place and sponsor of movements which main- 
tained the power of the early settler, established his independence, 
and ultimately led to the formation of a new Republic which has 
become the noblest that the world has ever seen. 

In a new, wild country it became immediately necessary to 
prepare for self defence. As early as April 12, 1631, watches or 
night guards were established in Watertown and Dorchester, 
heavy penalties being fixed against the discharge of firearms after 
the watch was set. Every musketeer was required to keep ready 
a pound of powder, twenty bullets and twelve feet of match, — a 
flaxen cord soaked in a solution of saltpetre. 

In September, 1634. Gov. John Winthrop, John Haynes, John 
Humphrey and John Endicott were appointed a Council of War. 
In the following March the Council was increased in number. 
Martial law was practically established, and the towns were or- 
dered to build magazines within a month. 

In 1636, the military force of this jurisdiction was formed into 
three regiments. Following is the roster of the Second Regiment, 
the first organization with which Watertown was connected : 



2 Watcrtoivn! s Military History. 

Col. John Haynes, Cambridge ; Lieut. -Col. Roger Harlakenden, 
1636; Charlestown, Capt. Roger Sedgwick, 1636-7; Newtowne, 
Capt. George Cooke, Lieut. William Spencer, Ensign Samuel 
Shepard, 1636; Watertowne, Capt. William Jennison, 1636-7; 
Concord, Lieut. Simon Willard, 1636-7; Dedham, no officers 
mentioned. 

The first Indian outbreak of note, the Pequod War, originated, 
it is said, in the murder of a Watertown resident, John Oldham, 
at Block Island, in July, 1636. He was an able but turbulent 
man, who after causing trouble at Plymouth removed to Water- 
town, where he was admitted a freeman. May 18, 1631. He 
served as the town's Representative in 1634, and the same year, 
Apr. I, was granted by the General Court 500 acres of land in 
W^atertown. 

The great farm lay between Waltham Plain and Stoney Brook, 
was bounded on the south-east by Charles River, and included 
Mount Feake. Cruising about with two Indians and two English 
lads, he ran into Block Island, where his vessel was boarded by 
a large body of Indians, by whom he was killed. 

The settlers resolved to avenge his death, and Massachusetts 
agreed to raise 160 men to be sent under command of Capt. Pat- 
rick of Watertown, who with John Underbill had been brought 
over as a military instructor for the new colony. Underbill was 
an able, efficient officer, who did meritorious service in the Pequod 
War, but Patrick was of a dissolute character and of little worth 
as a soldier. In fact so nearly was the war over before his force 
was ready that it was not called into active service. 

Gov. Winthrop in his diary had this to say of Capt. Patrick : 
" He was entertained of us out of Holland, where he was a com- 
mon soldier of the Prince's guard, to exercise our men. We made 
him a Captain and maintained him. Afterwards he was admitted 
to the church in Watertown and made a freeman. But he grew 
very proud and vicious, for although he had a wife of his own, a 
good Dutch woman, yet he despised her and followed after other 
women." 

This haughty, insolent, immoral officer met a violent death, be- 
ing shot through the head by the leader of the Dutch on account 
of his treachery in matters pending between the Dutch and the 
Indians. 

The first general muster was held on Boston Common, then a 
cow pasture. May 6, 1639, with two regiments, 1000 men, in the 
field. It was the beginning of a series of May trainings which 
for many years served to keep the musketeers in good trim, while 
affording joy unapproachable for the small boys. To the red- 
cheeked sweetheart and the fond mother it was a highly-colored 
season of rejoicing. 'Lection cake, peculiar to this season, held 
its fame and special flavor nearly down to modern times. Never- 
theless, those were serious days when firearms were carried to 
church, and the early settlers were constantly apprehensive of an 
attack by their restless dusky neighbors. Yet for nearly forty 



Colonial Wars. 3 

years after the Pequod War there was comparative freedom from 
such attacks, except in isolated cases. English settlements were 
gradually pushed inward from the coast, until finally the Indians 
made a savage assault on Swansea, opening the bloody and fierce 
King Philip's War. 

KING PHILIP'S WAR. 

To the imagination of childhood, as awakened and fed by the 
school histories, King Philip, son of Massasoit, appears as one 
of the most picturesque chieftains of those thrilling times. There 
were in the Massachusetts Colony, in 1675, about 22,000 settlers, 
as estimated, while roaming through the forests of Massachusetts, 
Connecticut and Rhode Island were some 20,000 Indians. The 
total number of settlers in what are now known as the six New 
England states was about 50,000. 

King Philip, with a band of the Wampanoags, began the war at 
Swansea, June 34, 1675, which resulted in a general uprising that 
spread through New England, lasted for fourteen months, and 
ended with the death of King Philip, near his home in Mount 
Hope, now Bristol, R. I., at the hands of an Indian who was 
fighting as an ally of the Plymouth soldiers. The Massachusetts 
Historical Society has the lock and the Plymouth Society keeps 
the barrel of the gun with which the red chieftain was shot. 

Hadley, Deerfield, Northfield and other settlements had been 
practically wiped out by the Indians. 

Watertown assisted bravely in this the first serious conflict of 
Colonial days. Captain Richard Beers, one of its original pro- 
prietors, who had been admitted freeman Mar. 16, 1636-7, lost 
his life near Northfield, Sept. 4, 1675, and about twenty out of 
his company of thirty-six men were killed in an Indian amljuscade. 
He was an important man in the community, serving as select- 
man nearly the whole period from 1644 to 1675, and as represen- 
tative for thirteen years. He was also an innkeeper in the town, 
recommended to the court for that position in October, 1654. 
Those were days of respectability, sociability and jollity at the inn 
or tavern, which became second only to the churcli as an institu- 
tion of the town, while affording special opportunities for the dis- 
cussion of measures to preserve the public safety, as well as 
furnishing fuel to keep at a bright glow the martial spirit of those 
troublous times. John Harrington of Watertown was badly 
wounded in the Northfield fight, under Capt. Beers, but escaped 
and lived to a good old age. John Sherman of this town, pro- 
genitor of a family whose branches have spread throughout the 
country, culminating in the military glory of Gen. William Tecum- 
seh Sherman of the Civil War, served in Capt. Mosely's company, 
was wounded while fighting the Indians in Rhode Island, and 
was temporarily left in that State under the care of soldiers. 

Major Willard marched from Watertown, arriving at Groton, 
Mar. 14, 1775, only to find that the town had been just previously 



4 Watertown's Military History. 

abandoned. Capt. Nathaniel Davenport's Company, which 
marclied against the Narragansets, were mainly Watertown and 
Cambridge men, to whom he made a very civil speech, and whom 
he allowed to choose their own sergeants. It was the Fifth Com- 
pany of the Massachusetts Regiment. Capt. Davenport was killed 
by the Indians, Dec. 19, and was succeeded by Lieut. Edward 
Tyng, who held command during the rest of the campaign. 

In the great Fort figlit, Dec. 19, 1675, under Capt. Davenport, 
John Hagar of Watertown was slain and Nathaniel Healy and 
Isaac Learned, same town, were wounded. Following is a list 
of Watertown men who were impressed for this company : Daniell 
Warrein, sr.,John Bigulah,sr., Nathaniel Healy, Joseph Tayntor, 
Jr., John Whettney, sr., George Herrington, James Cutting, Wil- 
liam Hagar, jr., John Parkhurst, Michaell Flagg, Jacob Bullard, 
Isaac Learned, Joseph Wright, George Dill, Jonathan Smith, 
Willyam Price, jr., Nathaniell Sangar, Moses Whettney, Enoch 
Sawtell, John Bright, John Hastings, John Bacon, John Chad- 
wick, John Windham, Ben. Douse, Nalh. Barsham, John Barnard, 
Ephraim Gearffield and Joseph Smith. The company numbered 
seventy-five men. Substitutes often appear for those impressed. 

It was a season of great excitement and general alarm for Water- 
town, as King Philip and his warriors came to the very borders 
of this town, inflamed by passion, jealousy, and the fierce de- 
termination to root out the foreign invaders, whom, as it seemed 
to them, they had untimely welcomed, and whose hands they had 
unwisely clasped in friendship. Watertown at that period com- 
prised about 29,000 acres of territory, extending from Cambridge 
to Sudbury, and comprising what is now Weston, Waltham, 
Lincoln, Belmont, and parts of Newton and Cambridge. It is 
novi^ about one-thirteenth of its original size. So insecure did the 
settlement feel that General Daniel Denison, in a letter of Mar. 
27, 1676, recommended the building of a stockade from Water- 
town to the Sudbury river. No time was allowed for this before 
a serious blow was struck at Sudbury, and afterwards it was not 
needed. 

News arriving of the advance of the Indians upon Marlboro, 
where Capt. Brocklebank was the garrison commander with only 
a small force to hold the enemy in check, reinforcements were 
hurriedly sent from Boston under command of Capt. Wadsworth. 
When the latter arrived in Mailboro he was informed that the 
Indians with King Philip at their head were headed for Sudbury. 
Captain Wadsworth immediately retraced his steps, although his 
men were weary from hard day and night marching. He was 
accompanied by Capt. Brocklebank and a few men who could be 
spared from Marlboro. The forenoon of the next day, April 21, 
'this force of about fifty Colonists met the Indians at Sudbury, were 
Wboyed into an ambuscade in the woods of Green Hill, South 
Sudbury, and were surrounded by an overwhelming force of 
^iVilgd^. The Colonists fought well, but were forced by a forest 
"fi'f^W'rWieiat, and about two-thirds of them were massacred. A 



King PJiilifs War. 5 

granite monument, erected by the town and dedicated Nov. 23, 
1852, states that Capt. Samuel Wadsworth of MiUon, Capt. 
Brocklebank of Rowley, Lieut, Sharp of Brookline, and twenty- 
six others were slain. 

In the meantime the inhabitants of Sudbury were gathered in 
the various garrison houses, nobly defending themselves against 
from 1000 to 1500 Indians, whom they kept at bay. Companies 
from Concord and Watertown hastened that morning to their 
relief. The Concord men, twelve in number, also were attacked 
by the Indians in ambush and ten of them killed. 

Watertown sent a company of about forty men, who encoun- 
tered about noon, after a march of ten miles from Watertown, 
some 200 Indians. With the aid of the few colonists of that 
section the Watertown company forced tlie savages to retreat to 
the west side of the river, whence they were unable to return, 
the bridge and causeway being strongly guarded. Near the west 
shore of the river, not far from the bridge, was located the Haynes 
garrison house, which was so fiercely beset that its occupants 
were in extreme danger, although they escaped serious harm, and 
finally, by brave sallies, drove their assailants away. 

The main body of King Philip's command, possibly 1000 strong, 
had attacked Capt. Wadsworth's men at Green Hill. The Water- 
town company boldly pushed across the river for the purpose of 
reinforcing Capt. Wadsworth. It was a vain attempt, on account 
of the great body of Indians encountered, and the English re- 
treated to the Goodnow garrison. The shadows of night fell on 
the scene of battle, bringing the conflict to a final conclusion ; 
for when the morning light returned, the Indians, led in retreat 
as in attack by their monarch of the woods. King Philip, had van- 
ished, never to reappear under similar conditions in Sudbury or 
vicinity. Then the Watertown soldiers took part in the sad and 
solemn duty of burying the scalped and otherwise mutilated vic- 
tims of the conflict. 

A homely, but no doubt accurate, statement of what the Water- 
town men accomplished on that occasion is given by the following 
petition, in which a reasonable reimbursement is asked for services 
rendered. It is natural to suppose that, besides the two whose 
names are given in the petition, many of those who had been im- 
pressed for service, as previously mentioned, were concerned in 
the Sudbury fight. A true list of the men engaged and of their 
officers does not appear upon record. 

Petition of Dajtiel Warren & Joseph Peirce. 
To Inform the Honoured Counsel of the Service done at Sudbury by 
several! of the Inhabatance of Watertown as our honoured Captain Mason 
hath AUready informed a part thereof in the petion : but we who wear 
thear can mover largely inform this honoured Councel ; that as it is said in 
the petion that we drove two hundred Indians over the River; we followed 
the enimie over the river and joyned with som others and went to see if 
wee could relieve Captain Wadsworth upon the hill and thear we had a 
fight with the Indians but they beinge soe many of them and we stayed soe 
long that we wear allmost incomparsed by them which cased us to retreat 



6 Waiertown^s Military History. 

to Captain Goodanous Garrison ; and their we stayed it being ner night 
till it was dark and then we went to Mr. NoicesMill to see if we could find 
any that were escaped to that place all though they wear noe persons 
dwelling there; but tliear we found: 13 : or : 14 of Captain Wadsvvorth's 
men who wear escaped some of them wounded and brought them to Sud- 
bury towne. 

On the next day in the morning soe soon as it was light we went to look 
for — Concord men who wear slain in the River middow and thear we 
went in the colld water up to the knees where we found five and we brought 
them in Conus to the Bridge fut and buried them thear; and then we 
joyned ourselves to Captain Hunton with as many others as we could pro- 
cuer and went over the River to look for Captain Wadsworth and Captain 
Brattlebank and the soldiers that wear slain; and we gathered them up 
and Buried them ; and then it was agreed that we should goe up to Nobscot 
to bring the Carts from Ihence into Sudbury-Towne and soe returned Home 
againe; to what is above written we whos nams are subscribed can testifi : 

dated the : 6 : of March : 78 : 

= 79 •■ 
Daniel Warrin 
Joseph Peirce. 

Our request is to the much honoured Counsel that they would be pleased 
to consider us in reference to our Request ; their being 2 troops of hors 
appointed to bury the dead as we wear informed whos charg was spared 
and we as j'et not allowed for what we did. 

Your most Humb'^' Servants to Command to the utmost of our poor S 
for our selves and in the behalf of the rest. 

Daniel Warrin 

Mass. Arch., Vol. 68, p. 224. Joseph Peirce 

Hugh Mason with Wm. Parker &. John Wayte examined Sudbury's 
claims and allowed £44-ios-as abatement in their last " Ten Country Rates 
by reason of their losses in Estates by the Common Enemy, as result of 
Sudburj' fight with the Indians." 

Richard Beers of Watertown, eldest son of Elnathan Beers, was 
in the Falls fight, above Deerfield, under Capt. William Turner, 
May 19, 1676. He was on the list of those entitled to share in 
the legislative grant of a township near the battle site. 

Nov. 2, 1675, the Council instructed Capt. Joseph Sill, a Lieut, 
and successor of Capt. Richard Beers in command, to take charge 
of the soldiers raised from Charlestown, Watertown and Cam- 
bridge, about sixty men, and march to Natick, and thence against 
the Indians, the purpose being to capture the Praying or Christian 
Indians of three villages. 

Capt. Sill was ordered by the Council, Jan. 21, 1675-6, to give 
direction to the constables of Watertown and other towns to send 
him horses and men for the transportation of ammunition and 
provisions from " Northbrow " to Brookfield. 

It was the custom for each town to pay its own soldiers, this 
money being distributed among their families. The following 
list of assignment of wages to Watertown is of value as showing 
the residence of some of these soldiers : 



King Philifs War, 



Abraham Williams - 
Richard Sawtell - - 
Enos Lawrence - - 
Jonathan Stimpson - 
George Woodward - 
Thos. Whitney - - 
Wm. Goddard - - - 
Joseph Willington - 
Samuel Whitney 
Zecheriah Cutting - 
John Sawin - - - 
Joseph Peirce - - - 
Theophilus Philips - 
John Prescott - - - 
Moses Whitney - - 
Isaac Learned - - - 
Joseph Bemish . . 
John Sterns - - - 
Jonathan Smith - - 
William Bond - - 
Josiah Jones - - - 
Joseph Wait - - - 
Samuel Sterns - - 
John Parke - - - 
John Fisk - - - - 
John Eames - - - 
John Bigello - - - 
Daniel Peirce - - - 
Richard Child - ■ 
Joseph Garfell - ■ 
John Cutting - - - 
Daniel Warrin - - 
Ephraim Bemish 



£. 


s. 


d. 






£. 


s. 


d. 


3 


5 


6 


Joseph Smith - - 


- - 


I 






6 


o 


19 


8 


John Stone - - 


- - 


3 


3 


o 


8 


9 


Thomas Train 


- - 


6 


12 





o 


2 


6 


Samuel Church - 


- - 


I 


18 


5 


o 


7 


8 


Michel Bastow - 


- - 


2 


16 


6 


o 


2 


6 


Thomas Whitney 


- - 





4 


2 


o 


9 


4 


John Willington - 


- - 


2 


8 


6 


4 


i8 


3 


John Oynes - - 


- - 





15 


8 


o 


19 


8 


Henry Spring 


- - 


2 


19 


10 


2 


9 


ID 


Jonathan Whitney 


- - 


3 


8 


2 


3 


3 


6 


William Shattucke 


- - 


4 


10 





I 


6 


o 


Samuel Thacher - 


- - 


I 


4 


3 


2 


i8 


6 


Jeremiah Norcrass 


- - 


9 


5 


8 


lO 


o 


o 


Daniel Smith - - 


- - 


I 


5 


6 


2 


i6 


o 


William Price 


- • 


2 


13 





I 


12 


2 


John Stone - - - 


- - 


I 


10 


10 


2 


ID 


o 


Thomas Chadwick 


- - 


I 


10 


10 


I 


7 


o 


Samuel Perry - - 


- - 


3 


18 





I 


ID 


o 


William Bull - - 


- - 





4 


2 


I 


O 


o 


William Price, jr. 


- - 


I 


7 


3 


I 


2 


o 


Samuel Perry - - 


- - 


I 


5 


6 


o 


15 


4 


Manning Sawin - 


- - 





12 





2 


3 


6 


Eliazer Beeres 


- - 





12 





2 


H 


o 


John Coolidge - 


- - 


2 


10 





4 


13 


6 


Seubael Sternes - 


- - 


3 


I 


' 


4 


5 


o 


John Hastings 


- - 





19 


8 


o 


9 


o 


Stephen Coolidge 


- - 


I 


2 


2 




12 


6 


T u r\ «rt 




2 








2 


jonn vjyne - - - 






3 


3 


6 


Thomas Swann - 


- - 


I 


8 


10 


2 


7 


o 


John Bright 


- - 


4 


10 





O 


i8 


6 


Daniel Gookin, Esq. - 


2 


II 


2i 


o 


9 


8 


Samuel Wood 


- - 





13 


li 


3 


5 


o 


Aug. 24, I 


676. 









Indians resided in families, including that of a Mr. Yates of 
Watertown. 

In repayment for military services, certain grants of land were 
made. Of these, Narraganset No. 2, now Westminster, Mass., 
was considered the most desirable, as it was nearest Boston. It 
was drawn by James Lowden & Co., representing the grantees 
from Watertown and other towns. The committee for this com- 
pany was composed of John Cutting and Joseph Bowman of 
Watertown and James Lowden of Charlestown. His Excellency, 
Jonathan Belcher, was given 500 acres as his honored father's 
right. A meeting of seven companies was held in Boston, Oct. 

1-7' 1733- 



8 Watertown^s Alilitary History. 

The Watertown grantees were as follows : 

Soldier Grantee. Claimant. 

Thomas Sawen ------- John, son. 

Ephraim Cutler ------- Alive. 

James Cutting Jonas, son. 

John Barnard Alive. 

Joshua Biglow ------- " 

Wm. Shuttuck ------- " 

Joseph Grout -------- Joseph, son. 

Jonathan Smith ------- Zechariah, son. 

John Hager Samuel, nephew. 

Geo. Herrington ------- Heirs. 

John Herrington ------- Alive. 

Dr. (Palgrave) Willington - - - Heirs. 

Zachariah Cutting ------ Alive. 

John Bright -------- John, nephew. 

Wm. Parmenter ------- George, son. 

Jacob Bullard -------- Joseph Ball, nephew. 

Timothy Rice -------- Tho. Herrington, son-in-law. 

John Sherman ------- John, nephew. 

James Barnard ------- Joseph Bowman niece's husband. 

Joseph Smith --- ----- Joseph, son. 

Elnathan Beirs ------- Richard, son. 

Michael Flag -------- Heirs. 

John Barnard ..- Joseph Bowman, son-in-law. 

John Cutting -------- John, son. 

Joseph Preist .-- Joseph, son. 

Benjamin Willington Heirs. 

The original list as above copied is signed by "Andrew Darby, 
Proprietors Clerk." The company held its first meeting in Cam- 
bridge, Dec. 30, 1633. It is thought John Barnard, then alive, 
was the son of John, for whom Capt. Bowman drew in the right 
of his wife. 

Later credits of military service to Watertown are given below : 

£. s. d. £. s. d. 

Nov. 24, 1676. Jan. 24, 1676-7. 

Joseph Grant - - - - i i o Wm. Larned - - - - o 5 o 

Dec. 24, 1676-7. Josep Child - - - - 3 9 o 

Benony Larned - - - 3 13 6 Thomas Sawin - - - i 7 4 

James Cutting - - - 2 14 o Feb. 24, 1676-7. 

Thomas Underwood - i 10 o 

Obadiah Santell - - - o 12 o 

The spelling of some of these names is noticeably incorrect, but 
their meaning can be generally understood. Our early ancestors, 
not being under the domination of Webster, Worcester, or even 
the authors of what is now known as " simplified spelling," felt 
free to follow a quaint and curious fancy of their own. 



King Philip'' s War. 9 

From a sketch of the career of Capt. Hugh Mason, read before 
the Watertown Historical Society, Sept. 17, 1890, by a descend- 
ant, Charles F. Mason, a resident of this town, it appears that 
Hugh Mason was born in England in 1606. At the age of 28 he 
sailed for Massachusetts with his wife Esther, who was twenty- 
two years old. His original homestall of three acres, increased to 
more than one hundred and fifty acres by subsequent grants and 
purchases, was located on what are now the Hittinger and Liver- 
more properties, School street, Belmont. Beginning with 1638, 
he served for twentv-nine years as selectman, the longest period 
on record in that office. While not a cliurch officer, he was as- 
signed important duties, including that of seating the church peo- 
ple, tlie rules of precedence being office, age, state and gifts, a 
method which was far from satisfactory. 

He also performed duties similar to those later assigned to a 
justice of the peace, married couples in 1658 and for twenty 
years thereafter, and witnessed with a father's joy the marriage of 
his two daughters. May 20, 1668, the fitst recorded double wed- 
ding in this town. 

Serving as deputy to the General Court for ten years, he was a 
member of important committees. In Mav, 1644, he represented 
Watertown at a Court of Election as " Lei ft Mason" and was 
chosen Captain of the Watertown train band in May, 1652, liold- 
ing that position until his death in 1678, the training field being at 
the junction of Mt. Auburn and Arlington streets. Alfred S. 
Hudson, author of the History of Sudbury, in an extended and 
graphic story of the Sudbury fight, speaks of the "noble work" 
done by Capt. Mason and his company who " through God's fa- 
for" were sent from Watertown, Apr. 21, 1676. 

Yet it is not clearly shown by the records that Capt. Mason led 
his command of Watertown men, either to Sudbury or Groton. 
He was at that time more than seventy years old, although still 
active as selectman and deputy to the General Court. He was 
one of a committee of three to provide a plan of defence for Mid- 
dlesex County. The Court received a long report upon this mat- 
ter, as well as his reports, upon which it acted favorably in rela- 
tion to claims for assistance from those who had suffered at the 
hands of the Indians. 

"On the last day of August in 167S, the selectmen, of whom 
he was one, recorded the grateful acceptance of the gift from an 
inhabitant of Watertown — a black cloth to be used by the town 
for burial purposes. In just six weeks an opportunity came for 
its use — at the burial of Hugh Mason." 

It is estimated that about a dozen settlements were destroyed in 
the fourteen months of King Philip's War, involving a loss of 
600 houses, and a military expense of £100,000 sterling was in- 
curred. Some 600 colonists, men, women and children, lost their 
lives by battle or massacre. 

Watertown, while doing its proportionate part, was not seri- 
ously affected by subsequent wars up to the time of the Revolu- 



lo Wateriown's Military History. 

tion, an hundred years later. Bond's Genealogical History of the 
town presents frequently the names of townsmen who took part 
in the minor conflicts which disturbed the newly developing Eng- 
lish colonies, but the full record of their services is not easy to 
ascertain. Many a hero and patriot, no doubt, sleeps in a name- 
less grave, for the town neglected to keep the names of her sol- 
diers properly recorded. Briefly is sketched the following list of 
subsequent encounters after King Philip's death. 

When the French and Indian War began, in 1690, there were 
about 40,000 colonists in Massachusetts. Eight small vessels with 
700 or more militia and marines from this State sailed from Bos- 
ton, April 28, captured Port Royal with little resistance, returning 
a month later with booty enough to pay all expenses. 

Queen Anne's War was renewed between France and England, 
May 4, 1702. 

In 1 7 TO, Port Royal was a second time captured by two regi- 
ments from this State. 

In 171 1, Massachusetts appropriated £140,000 and raised 1500 
men to proceed against Canada. 

In 1716, the State contained a population of 94,000 white peo- 
ple, who owned 2000 slaves. 

The colonists, in 1739, served in Jamaica during the war, which 
closed three years later between England and Spain. 

In the first capture of Louisburg from the French, the expedi- 
tion left Boston, Mar. 24, 1745. Louisburg, although supposed to 
be able to withstand 30,000 soldiers, surrendered, June 16, 1745, 
to -a force of 4000 militia. 

In 174S1 there was an estimated strength of 30,000 militia in 
this State, out of a total population of 200,000. 

Braddock's disastrous expedition to Canada, when he was am- 
bushed and defeated by the French and their Indian allies, occurred 

i" 1755- 

War was declared between France and England in 1756, and 
3000 troops were raised in Massachusetts. Two years later this 
State furnished about 7000 men, out of a total force of 20,000. 

Again, in 1759, the colony raised 7000, in a total of 25,000 from 
the thirteen colonies. July 25 of the same year, Ticonderoga was 
surrendered and Crown Point was abandoned. Qtiebec fell Sept. 
13, 17591 ^'^<^ Montreal the following year. The war closed with 
the Treaty of Paris, Feb. 7, 1763. 

But conditions were changing rapidly, for the breath of partial 
freedom which the colonists enjoyed in the New England only 
made them yearn for a fuller sense of freedom and independence. 
They had fought the King's battles faithfully and well, winning, 
unaided, victories against stern ranks of regular troops. In 1762, 
a small brigade of the Massachusetts colonists fought side by side 
with Old England's regulars under the red cross flag for the last 
time, in the capture of Havana. On the next occasion when 
British and Colonial troops met, it was not as friends and allies, 
but as foes and antagonists, at the battle of Lexington and Con- 



King Philifs War. i j 

cord. Soldiers of a common ancestry, alike brave and determined, 
Avhat wonder that the contest which followed was of long dura- 
tion, or that the result was for years in doubt. During tlie reign 
of the Royal Governors from 1692, when the Puritan charter was 
withdrawn, to 1774, when Gen. Gage succeeded Gov. Hutchin- 
son, the Massachusetts colony had furnished more than 60,000 
men for active military service in the field, besides a greater num- 
ber for garrison duty. In treasure, a rich streamXvas poured 
forth from the constantly increasing wealth of the colonists, both 
for war and for taxes. 



.IBRA 



>?1^«'N 



THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



Watertovvn's position during the war of the Revolution was 
unique. Closely allied with Boston, the town was also a centre 
around which were distributed the other eastern colonial settle- 
ments. Its people saw the full significance of the gathering 
storm clouds. The town records, which since the first incorpora- 
tion in 1630 had been mainly composed of statements regarding 
the regulation of a new freer personal town government, and with 
the division of the territory into homestalls and common lands, 
took on a deeper tone. Liberty, entire self-government, began to 
be the good folks' aspiration, although at first it was manifest in 
a declaration and movement against unjust taxation. The people 
felt their power, which that wonderful colonial institution, that 
forum of liberty and general debate, the town meeting, had wisely 
nurtured and fostered. 

To those town records, then, we turn, and from the time-stained 
pages draw the causes of an inspiration that led a brave people 
reluctantly to rebel against the King of England, and the practical 
measures which that people took to prosecute a war when it could 
no longer be avoided. The extracts from the town records begin 
with a selectmen's meeting in Feb., 1770, and conclude with a 
town meeting in 1782. 

WATERTOWN TOWN RECORDS. 

[15] 

Selectmens Meeting at house of Benjamin Prentice the 22d day 
of February 1770. Town meeting called for the 5th day of 
March. 

Art. 15. For y*^ town to agree upon Some Measures to Dis- 
courage y*' Importations of Goods from Great Britain and act any 
thing thereon they may think best. 

[19] Town Meeting March 5, 1770. 

Then the [15] article was Reed and it was put to Vote Whether 
the town will do anything to Discourage y*^ importation of Goods 
from Great Britain and it past in y*^ affirmative. Then Voted to 
Choofe a Committee to Consider what is proper for the town to 
set in y® affair and Report at y** Adjournment of this meeting. 

Voted & Chofe for S^ Committee Dea" Sam^ Fisk Cap' Daniel 
Whitney Jon" Brown M"^ Nath^ Stone M"^ Mofes Stone M'"John 
Remington M'' Thomas Clarke. 

[30] Adjourned Town Meeting March 8, 1770. 

Then the Committee appointed to make a Draught of Some 
Proper Votes and Refolves to Discourage y** Importation of Goods 




TKis Drawing sr\ows a plan of ■(tie old Meefing ^iouae 
aii^wai when loil' used as a place of WbrjKip.-fl-D- I83fc- 

H stood in whaj- is now a Burial Ground on lhe corner 
of Mounf :^ubum arid Common 6lreet5 

U was bullf in iKe year- 1755: enlarged inl8l9 and 
demoiiihed in-183fc-wKenanew cKurcK was built elsewhere. 

"Herein were held the meelinqs of lke 6ccond and 
TKird Provinciol Conqrcsses ir> 1175 and Kere also, 
"me fir6t' (ireaf and Oc^eral Courf- waj orqanizcd.pn 
July 19,1775. 




PLAN ■ OFGALLEEV • 




known io Kavc bccri Pew 
-ftolderA or "to have Kad Sittings 
- J630 1o 1S36 - 



PLAN • OF • G ROVND FLOOR 

Jcole J ftel- ■ 

° ,. , . f. ... r 



Aorc TKc narrow aisles markcj 
tKub - »5 were colled 'cat alslei 
■rtNe line-/<-B indicates iKe /(orfS- 
crly side of tKe building before its 
Enlarqement in 1819, sixteen ftel 
in dcpln Having Iften been eMci to \V 



• FROM-MEASVREMENTSOBTAINED-rROMTOVWJ EECOEDS • 



1886- 



The Revolutionary War. 13 

from Great Britaine Prefented a Draught which was unanimoufly 
Voted and Accepted and is on file. 

Voted that the town Clerk Tranfmit an Attested Copy of the 
Same to y*^ Committee of merchants in Boston. 

[65] 

Selectmens Meeting January 25, 1773, at house of Cap' Nathan- 
iel Coolidge. 

At this meeting a petition was presented to y*^ Selectmen Signed 
by a large Number of the Inhabitants of 3'® town Defiring that they 
would Call a Town-Meeting that the Inhabitants may have an 
Opportunity to Agree upon Some Meafures in order to obtain a 
Redress of y*^ Many Greivances which the people of this as well 
as the other Colonies Labour under at this time. 

Wherefore They ordered the Town Clerk to Issue out War- 
rants Directed to the Several Constables Requireing them to warn 
the Inhabitants of Watertown who are Qiiallified to Vote in town 
affairs to Afsemble at the Publick Meeting House in Said town 
on Monday y® first Day of February Next at one of the Clock 
afternoon to Choofe a Moderator for said Meeting — Secondly To 
Consider of the Greivances Mentioned in the Petition to the Se- 
lectmen for Calling this meeting as also any other that the Colo- 
nies in America in General or this Province in perticular Labor 
vmder and to hear the Pamphlet Read which the Selectmen have 
Received from Boston wherein the Rights of the people are 
Stated as also the Greivances are pointed out, and for the town to 
act anything Relating thereto the town may think best. 

Warrants were Issued out Accordingly. 

Pr Jon" Brown Town Clerk. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Watertown on Monday the first day of February A.D. 
1773. Said Meeting being Called by the Selectmen in Compli- 
ance with a Circular Letter Received from the Com**** of Corro- 
fpondence of y*^ Town of Boston and at the Request of more than 
fifty of y® Freeholders and other Inhabitants of vSaid Watertown. 

The Meeting being opened & Dea" Sam' Fisk being Chosen 
Moderator at the imanimous Desire of the town the Pamphlet 
containing the Vote & proceedings of the town of Boston at their 
meeting Nov"" y® 2o''S 1772- Containing also the State of y® 
Rights of the Colonists and of this Province in perticular and 
of the 

[66] 

Infringments and Violations of thofe Rights was Publickly Read 
and after Some Dabate thereon the Town Proceeded to Choofe a 
Com"® to prepare Something that may be proper for the town to 
act on the affair before them and to make Report at y® adjourn- 
ment of S'' Meeting was Adjourned to the Fryday following. 

At a Meeting of y® freeholders and other inhabitants of the 
town of Watertown February y*" 5''^ i773- By Adjournment the 



14 Watertoivn' s Military History. 

Com"® Appointed by the town the first Inftant Reported accord- 
ing to order which was Read and is as followeth (Viz) 

Refolved that it is the opinion of the town that the State of 
Rights of the Colonists in General and of this province in perticu- 
lar as men as Christians and as Subjects are by the town of Bos- 
ton very properly Stated, and the Violations of thofe Rights per- 
ticularly pointed out and fully Demonstrated. Upon thofe very 
Important aflairs the Sentiments of the town are more fully 
expreft in the following Remarks &c. 

When we take a view of the numerous Inftances wherein our 
Constitutional Rights & Charter privileges are invaded and Vio- 
lently taken from us and the many perticulars wherein we are 
Cruelly oprefed, we are filled with fearfull Apprehentions that 
there is a Defign formed and plann Laid not only to oprefs but 
to Inflave us, which plann Seams to be Carrying into Execution 
with great Rapedity. 

The Consideration whereof fills us with great Grief & Anciety. 
For Rendering Such a wicked Defign Abortive we are willing 
to Contribute to the utmoft of our ability in any Constitutional way 
that may be thought Expedient in Conjuntion with our Bretheren 
of the Community ; for however deep Such a plann ma}' be laid 
and how far Soever advanced towards a Compleation, Yet we 
Don't look upon the Case Defperate. It is not Impofsible but 
the Snare may be broken and we may Escape. There are Seve- 
ral Considerations which Serve to Enliven our hopes. Perticu- 
larly the People in General through the Province Seam to be 
Roufed to a Sence of the Dangers to which their Liberties & prop- 
erties are exposed, and to use their utmoft Endeavors to Recover 
& Secure them ; we are also Incouridged by the Glorious Stand 
which the Representative Body of this people and the Hon^ his 
Majesty's Council are making in Defence of our Liberty and their 
united Indeavors (with a fortitude) peculier to themselves to Stem 
the torrent of tyrany and opprefsion which Seams to threaten to 
overwhelm & Destroy us. Whereby they have merited y® applause 
and thankful Acknowledgments of the whole province, and proved 
themselves truly the Guardians of our Liberties, we are eflpecially 
incouridged by the Considerations of the many inftances wherein 

[67] 

Divine providence hath interpofsed in Behalf of this people in 
times of their most eminent Danger, and wrought Deliverance 
for them, and it is our Earnest pryar to the Supream Governer 
of the univers who hath the Hearts of all men in his Hands that 
he would So order it in his providence that our Rights Liberties 
& piiviledges Civil and Sacred may be Reftored and Confirmed to 
us, that they may be wifely improved peaceably & uninterruptedly 
enjoyed by us and our Defendants till time Shall be no more. 

Watertown Feb'^ y'^ 5*", 1773. 

Sam" Fisk ] 

Ion'^ Brown ( ^ ... 

\n r^r, c r^ y Committee. 

MoiES Stone [ 

Sam^' White J 



The Revolutionary War. 15 

The foregoing Report Read & accepted without opofsion. 

Voted that the Town-Clerk enter the Same on the town Records 
and return an attested Copy thereof to the Committee of Corrof- 
pondance in Boston. 

attest Sam^' Fisk Moderator 
[88] 

Selectmens Meeting Dec. 27-1773-at house of Mr. Thomas 
Wellington. Warrant for town meeting Jan. 3-1774. 

Fourthly — For the town to take into consideration the many 
Evils and DifBculties this province in perticnlar as well as Amer- 
ica in General Labour under by the importation of Teas into this 
province Subject to Duties laid on the Same by an act of perli- 
ment, and to See if the Town can come into Some Meafures to 
Discourage the Importation thereof, or at the last to Come into 
Some Refolutions that may prevent the Trade and Confumption 
of that article within the Town of Watertown untill Such time as 
the Duty Shall be taken oft' the Same, and for the town to act 
anything Relating thereto as they may think best. 

[89] 

Town Meeting of Jan. 4-1774, after other business had been 
transacted adjourned to the house of Mr. Bezaleel Learned "to 
meet in half an Hour from this time." 

The town being meet at M^" Bezaleel Learneds House accord- 
ing to adjournment The Moderator Oppened the Meeting and the 
article Relating to East India Company's Sending Teas into this 
province Subject to Duty, being Read and after Consideration and 
Debate thereon. The Town Expreft their minds on this occation 
in manner and form as Entered on the next page. 

[90] 

Taking into Consideration the Difuefsed Scituation of this 
province as Well as the other Britifh American Colonies Occa- 
tioned by the Britifh Parlimenls Claiming a Right to tax the Colo- 
nies & bind them in all Cafes whatsoever. Thereby Denying us 
an Exclufive Right to tax ourSelves and Dispoling of our own 
properties, and have actually levied a Tax upon the Colonies by 
Impoling heavy Duties on Sundry articles Imported by the 
Colonies for the Exprefs purpofe of Reifing a Revenew to the 
Crown, and the Injurious Application of the Revenues So unjustly 
Extorted from us (Viz) for the Support of Civil Government and 
Defraying the Charges of the Administration of Justice. The 
bad Effects whereof are already felt in this Colony by Rendering 
one Branch of the Legislative Court intirely Independent of the 
others for its Support, and the Afpect is no lefs threatning with 
Refpect to the Executive part of Government. — having a tendency 
(as we apprehend) of Saping and finaly overthrowing our Civil 
Constitution of Government and Introducing an arbitary one. 
The publick Difstrefs is Greatly Increased by a late act of parli- 
ment, Impowering the East-India Company to Export their Teas 



1 6 Watertowft's Military History. 

to America Subject to Duties upon its being Landed. — and the 
proceedings of Said Company in Confequence of Said Act in 
Shiping a Very large Qiiantity for the Colonies a Large Qiiantity 
whereof hath lately arived in Boston Harbour, whereby the In- 
habitants of Boston and the Neighbouring towns has been greatly 
alarmed, which has Occationed the Inhabitants of Boston & the 
Neighbouring towns to afsemble and Confult how the fatal Confe- 
quences of Landing & Vending Said Teas might be Prevented, 
and we are fully of oppinion that the people had a Right thus to 
meet & Confult for their Common Safty. We Read that the 
Jews in a State of Captivity & Slavery under an arbitary King 
when a Decree was gon forth to Deftroy them had Liberty to 
afsemble together & Defend themSelves & Confult how to ward off 
the blow that was coming on them by Preventing the wicked Edict 
being Carried into Execution, — under Providence they were Won- 
derfully Succeeded having the kind Influences of a good Mordica 
in their favour who not acculing of Riot Sought their welfare & 
was Accepted by the multitude of his Bretheren, — and we are also 
fully of oppinion that the people afsembled at Boston on the 14"' & 
16'^'^ of December last, had no Design or Desire that the Tea on 
Board the Vefsels in the Harbour Should be Deftroyed or any waj' 
Damaged but on the Contrary were very Desirous and ufed their 
utmost Endeavours that Said Tea might be Safely Returned to 
the owners thereof. 

[91] 

But that the Destruction of the Tea was occationed by the 
Custom House oflicers and the Govenors Refuling to grant a 
Clearance and pals for the Vefsel that was Deligned to Carry Said 
Tea back to the owner, from whence it came. Being Influenced 
by y'' foregoing Considerations Dreading of Slavery with which 
we Seem to be threatened, and being True Friends to Liberty to 
which we have an undoubted Right, we would Exert ourSelve; 
to the utmost of our power to avoid the former and Secure th^ 
latter : and we would be Glad to be joined by all our Bretheren 
on the Continent (in like Tribulation) in this Laudable attempt, 
For this purpofe we Refolve, 

First To indeavour to Discourage & as far as it lies in our 
power prevent the Importation or bringing of Tea into this prov- 
ince by the East India Company or any others, and accordingly 
Declare that for y*^ futer we will not Purchefe any Tea nor Sufler 
it to be used in our Families. 

Second That we will have no Dealings with an Shopkeeper or 
Tradsman or any others who Shall persist in Buying or Selling 
or useing of Tea in their Families. 

Third We give it in Charge to our Selectmen for the time be- 
ing not to approbate any perfone for a Tavernkeeper or a Retailor 
who Shall Supply any Company or persons with Tea or Shall 
perlist in making use of it in their Families, and that they use 
their indeavours to prevent any Such from having their licenses 
Renewed. 



The Revolutionary War. 17 

4 That in case any Teas Should be Imported by the East 
India Company or any others into this province, we will to the 
Utmost of our ability oppofe the Receiving and using Said 
Tea. 

5 That if any perfons in this town Shall persist in Selling or 
Buying or Confuming any Teas Contrary to the true Intent & 
meaning of the fore going Refolves they Shall be Looked on as 
inemical to their town & Country and treted accordingly. 

6 That the foregoing Refolves be in force and fully Executed 
till the Duties aforeSaid are taken off and no longer. 

Then it was put to Vote whether the foregoing Refolves &c : 
be agreeable to the town and it pafsed in the affirmative unani- 
mously, and Voted that the town-Clerk Record the Same and 
transmit a Copy to the Committee of Correfpondence for the town 
of Boston which was don accordingly & attested by 

JoN^ Brown Town- Clerk. 

[107] 

A general public Town Meeting June 27-1774, by adjournment. 

The Selectmen Informed the town that there not being a Suffi- 
cient Stock of ammunition belonging to the town they had pur- 
chafed four half Barrils of powder & purpofe to purchafe Some 
Balls & Flints, and after the town had Conlidered the matter, they 
Voted and appropriated the Sum of £20 pounds out of y^ money 
arifeing by the Sale of the pews to pay for S*^ : ammunition. 

Selectmens Meeting July 4-1774, house of Mr. Thomas Wel- 
lington. Warrant for Town Meeting July 18-1774, was drawn. 

(3) To agree where the Ammunition that has lately been 
purchafed shall be kept, and to act thereon as they See fitt. 

[108] 

(4) To take into confideratlon the difficult and Diftrefsed State 
to which this province in perticular as well as America in General 
are brought into by any late acts of y*^ Britifh Parlement, and to 
Agree upon Some proper meafures that will have a tendency to 
Relieve us under the prefent Burdens Occasioned thereby. 

(5) For the town to agree upon Some way to pay their part 
of the Expence of the purpofed Congrefs, and to do any thing 
thereon they think proper. 

(9) To know the minde of the town whether they will grant 
Some Releif to the town of Boston under their present Diftrefsed 
Circumftances and to Do thereon as they see fitt. 

Town Meeting July 18-1774. 

Voted that the ammunition that has lately been bought be kept 
in the Meeting Houfe. 

The (4) article being Read together with a Covenant purpofed 
to be Signed and after Some Debate thereon it appeared that the 
Form of the Covenant was not altogether agreable it being moved 



1 8 Waierto-iv?t's Military History. 

& Scconeded that a Committee Should be Cliofe to make a New 
Draft of what will be proper for the Inhabitants to Sign. 

r M"" Mofes Stone 
Dea" Sam' Fisk 
Voted and Chofe for S*^* : Committee \ Jon"^ Brown 

M"" Josiah Capen 
M^ Nath' Stone 

Voted that they make Report at the adjournment of this 
meeting. 

Then Voted & Granted the Sum of i : 13:8 towards y** Intended 
Coiigrtfs as their part of the Expence. 

Adjourned to 4th. Monday of August. 

[110] Adjourned Town Meeting Aug. 22-1774. 

at this Meeting it was Voted that the Selectmen are Desired to 
meet with Such perfons as may appear at a purpofed meeting to 
be held at Concord on the thirtieth day of this present month 
which may be Sent from the Several towns in this County to 
Confult what may be proper to do in order to preferve our Char- 
ter Rights also Voted that the Selectmen Shall have Resfon- 
able pay for their time and Expence while in Said Service. 

[Ill] Adjourned Town Meeting Sept. 5-1774. 

The meeting being opened & the Refolves Entered into by the 
members of the County Meeting held at Concord being Read. 
The Qiiestion being put whether tliey be agreeable to the minde 
of the town and it paft in the affirmative. 

and it was Ordered that they be Recorded in the town Book. 

upon a Motion made & Seconded, it was Voted that it is y® 
minde of the town the officers of the Melitia Company that Relide 
in the town Should Exercife all such perfons as belong to the 
towns & all others that Refide therein two Hours in each & every 
week in Armes &c during the three fall months alfo take a View 
of the Armes & ammunition of all the perfons borne on the alarm 
list and Report the State thereof to the town at the adjournment 
of this meeting — also Voted that all perfons that are borne on the 
Arlarm & Training band list be provided with armes & ammuni- 
tion accordingly the First monday in October Next. Voted that 
the Selectmen Secure the town Stock of ammunition in the best 
manner they Can. 

Adjourned to i^* Monday in October. 

[113] Town Meeting October 1774. 

Capt. Jonathan Brown was chosen as Representative to a Pro- 
vincial Congress to be held at Salem Oct. 5th. 1774. 

Voted to Choofe a Com*'^'' to draw up Some Inftructions to give 
their Representative &c. 

Adjourned Meeting 5 o'clock same day. 



The Revolutionary War. 19 

[113] 

a motion was made & Seconded & it was put to Vote whether 
it is the minde of the town that Jonathan Brown who is this day 
Chofen Representative Should joine with the Representatives of 
the Several towns in forming a Provincial Congrefs and it paft in 
the afirmative. 

Then it was put to vote whether the town will Choofe one or 
more perfons to joine with the Reprefentative in forming the Said 
Congrefs and it paft in the afirmative. 

Then they voted & Chofe for Delegates to joins S*^ : Congrefs at 
Such time and place as may be appointed M'^' John Remington 
and A'F Samuel Fisk. 

Then a Motion was made to know y® minde of the town Whether 
it is advifable for the Collectors of Tax's to pay any more money 
into the province Treafury at prefent and they voted that it was 
their opinion that they Should not till further orders from the 
town, and that the town will Save the Collectors harmlefs from 
all Charges that may arife by their So doing. 

Then it was Voted that the Collector Should proceed to Com- 
pleat their Collections as Soon as may be and pay the money into 
the town Treafury till further orders of the town. 

[114] Town Meeting Oct. 17-1774, by adjournment. 

Then the Qiiestion was put whether the town will mount & 
Equip two peices of Cannon now Lodged in the Town at their 
own Charge and it past in the affirmative. Then it was Voted to 
Choofe three perfons as a Committee to git Said work don. 

r M"" David Sanger 
Voted & Chofe for S^ Committee -] M"^ Jonas White 

( M' Abner Crafts 

[115] Selectmens Meeting Nov. 17-1774. 

Warrant drawn for Town Meeting Nov. 2i-i774' 

Second to Grant money to pay for the two Carriages to the two 
peices of Cannon that were Ordered to be procured at the Expense 
of the town. 

(5) For the town to do or act any thing that they may Judge 
Necessary for to Carry the Refolutions of the Continental and 
Provincial Congrefs's into Execution by any Grants of money or 
otherwife as they think proper. 

Town Meeting Nov. 21-1774. 

Voted and Granted £20 pounds to pay for the Carriages for 
the Cannon. 

Adjourned to i o'clock Dec. 12-1774. 

[116] 

Town Meeting Dec. 12-1774, adjourned at 4 o'clock to Mr. 
Bez. Learned's at Said time & place. The meeting being 
opened & after y*^ Reading the Afsociation entered into by y® 
Several Delegates of the Colonies in a Congrefs held at Philadel- 



20 Watertown's Military History. 

phia on y« 20 Day of October last also the Refolutions of the 
Provincial Congrefs. They Voted to Choofe a Committee of 
nine perfons to See that Said Afsociation & Refolutions be prop- 
erly Executed. 

M"" John Remington 
M"" Josiah Capen 
M'- Sam^ Soden 
M-- Tho« Clark 
Voted to Chofe for Said Committee ( M^ David Sanger 

M"^ Nathan Coollidge 

M^ Sam' White 

Col« Wm Bond 

M"^ Edw*^ Harrington jun"" 

Voted & Chofe (Capt. Jonathan Brown) to be Capt of the 
train. 

(Note : — The name of Capt. Jonathan Brown is taken from the 
files of 1774.) w. M.R. 

Voted & Chofe M'' David Sanger to be Leiu*. 

Voted that they Appoint Such other officers as are needful. 

Voted to Choofe a Committee to Draw out on Qiiarter of the 
Melitia Company as minit men agreeable to the advice of Congrefs. 

f Col° Wm Bond 

Voted & Chofe for Said Committe -j L' Sam' Barnard 

( Enl^John Straton 

[117J Selectmens Meeting Dec. 23-1774. 

Warrant for Town Meeting Jan. 2-1775, ^ o'clock. 

to Choofe one or more perfons to Reprefent Jhe town in a Pro- 
vincial Congrefs Propofed to be held at Cambridge on the first 
Day of February Next. 

and Likwife to warn all the Training Soldiers borne on the 
training list, & also all that are borne on the alarm list to appear 
at the meeting House at half past one of the Clock the Same Day. 

[118] 

For the Town then and there if they think proper to Choofe 
officers for the Milletary Company, and Draw out minit men 
agreable to the advice of the provincial Congrefs, and to determin 
upon What pay they Shall have for their Service and to Grant 
any Sum of money for that purpofe they think fitt. 

and to do or act any thing the town may Judge Necefsary to 
put the Melitia of this town into the best posture of Defence. 

Town Meeting Jan. 2d-i 775- 
Voted to Choofe but one perfon for the purpofe aforesaid. 
Then the Votes were Called for bro* : in Counted & Sorted 
and it appeared that Jonathan Brown was unanimously Chofen. 

Then it was Voted that he Shall have power to Joine with the 
other members of the Congrefs when meet to adjourn from time 
to time and to any other place if they think proper, and to Con- 



The Revolutionary War. 21 

tinue their Scfsion & Sefsions until the Tuesday before the last 
Wednesday in May Next- 
Then a motion was made & Seconded and Voted to Chool'e a 
Committe to prepare a Draught of a proper Covenant for the In- 
habitants of the town to Sign to, and to make Report to tlie town 
at the adjournment of y^ meeting. 

' W Chris^ Grant 



Voted & Chofe for S*! : Committe < 



Jon'^ Brown 
Dea" Sam^ Fisk 
M'' Josiah Capen 
M'' Mofes Stone 



[119] 

Then the Article Relating to the Miletary Company was Read 
and Some debate it was Voted to Choofe officers for the Company 
with the addition of one more Leiutenant than what was before. 

Then they Voted & Chofe the following perfons for officers 
(Viz) 

Samuel Barnard Captain 
John Stratton i Leiu' 

Phinehas Stearnes 2 D'' 
Edward Harrington Eniign 

Samuel Sanger y® i ] Stephen Whitne}' i 

Abner Crafts "2(0.4 Isaac Sanderson jr 2 C t- r U 

Chris"" Grant jr " 3 [ ^ Mofes Stone jr 3 ^ 

Josiah Capen jr " 4 J Nath^ Bright 4 

* Voted & Granted the Sum of 53 : 19: 2 to be improved for 
Defraying the Necefsary Charges of the Province as may be tho' 
proper by the Provincial Congrefs, and to be paid to Henry Gard- 
ner Esq"" of Stow who has been Appointed Receiver General for 
the Province by the y** late Congrefs. 

(* This vote was omitted from its proper place ; see above.) 

w. M. R. 
[120] Town Meeting Jan. -1775, by adjournment. 

It was moved & Seconed to know whether the town will Choofe 
or Draw out minuit men and it was put to vote and it paft in the 
Negative. 

Then it was Put to Vote whether the town will grant any money 
to incourage the learning the miletary art & it pafed in the affirm- 
ative. 

Then Voted to Grant and allow 4 Coppers to each for his at- 
tendance once a week to learn military Exerlice to be laid out for 
Refrefhment. 

Also voted to allow one Shilling to pay for Fifing at each meeting. 

Then Voted & Chofe the four Commifsion officers with the 
Sergants to be a Committe to lay the money out. 

Then y® Com"*^ appointed to prepare a Covenant Reported 
which was accepted. 

Town Meeting Feb. 6-1775. 



22 Waiertoivn's Military History. 

Adjourned to Mr. Bezaleel Learned's House, 

The town being meet at M"^ Learneds after Reading the War- 
rant, it was put to Vote whether it be the minde of the town that 
the Committe appointed to mount y'' great Guns do not Compleat 
the Same till after the Congrefs Rifes & it past in the affirmative. 

Voted that y*^ Representative take advice of Some of the Con- 
grefs Relating to y*^ purpofed Afsociation in Such way and man- 
ner as he thinks proper. 

[131] Town Meeting Feb. 20-1775. 

after Reading an adrefs from the Congrefs to the Inhabitants of 
this province with the Refolves &c : and after Some Debate on 
the publick affairs it was Voted that the Committe appointed to 
mount the Great Guns Compleat the Same as Soon as may be. 

Selectmens Meeting Feb. 21-1775. 

Warrant for Town Meeting March 6-1775. 

21 For the town to take into consideration the Difficult State 
of the publick affairs, and do or act any thing Relating to En- 
courage the miletary, or any thing to forward the payment of the 
money Designed for the use of the province and act any thing Re- 
lating thereto as the town Judge best. 

[133] Town Meeting March 6-1775. 

Miletary au"^^ 
To Col° W™ Bond for fifing - . - - 
To Cap*" Samuel Barnard for Expence at trainings 

To L* John Stratton for D« 

To L* Phinehas Stearns for D° _ _ _ 

To Enf" Edward Harrington for D° - 
To Serjant Samuel Sanger for fifing - - - 
To the wid° Dorothy CooUidge for Drinks &c - 



[126] 

It was Voted before the adjournment of the meeting that every 
man that Appeared to Exercife in either of y*^ miletary Companys 
Shall Receive the Same allowance as before, till the adjournment 
of the Meeting. 

[127] Town Meeting March 13-1775 

Then the accounts of y'' Committe that were Appointed to mount 
and Equip the Cannon were Read & after Considering the Same, 
The town Voted to Choofe a Committe to Examin The accounts 
and Report to the town their next meeting. 

i M'" Nath° Stone 
Voted & Chofe for Said Committe I Jon'* Brown 

( Lt : Phin : Stearnes 






6 







I 





5 




2 


7 


10 


2 





10 


2 


2 





10 


4 


2 





7 








I 


10 


2 


3 



The Revohitionary War. 23 

The (31) article being Read and it being moved to know if the 
town will Continue to encourage the learning y*^ miletary art and 
it was Voted that y'^Same allowance be Continued as was allowed 
at former meetings (Viz) 4 Coppers per man each time he attends 
to Exercife provided it be not more than once a week & allowance 
For Fifers as before. 

[138] Selectmens Meeting May 24-1775 

Warrant for Town Meeting May 29-1775. 

To Choofe one or more Representatives to attend the Provincial 
Congress to be held at Watertown Wednesday May 3 1 -1775- 

[129] Town Meeting May 29-1775. 

Cap*^ Jonathan Brown was Chosen to Reprefent the town in a 
Provincial Congieis appointed to be Convened at the above Said 
Meeting House on the 31"^ Day of this inftant month of Mav. 

[130] Selectmens Meeting July 10-1775. 

Town Meeting called for Jul}' 17-1775 

to elect Reprefentative to a Gen. Court to be held in Water- 
town July 19-1775. 

Cap' Jonathan Brown was Chosen. 

[136] 

These amounts were allowed at the March Meeting 1776. 
Wid" Dorothy Coollidge for Rinn v^ 19 Day of april \ q 

for the men in the Lexington Battle - - \ 

her other account for Training Expence - - - 
Major Sam' Barnard Training Expence _ - - 
Cap' Phinehas Stearnes for D'' - 

L' Edward Harrington jr for D° . - - - 

Cap' Sam' Fisk for D° .... 

M"" John Draper for Bread at the Lexington Battle on 

y® 19 Day of April 1775 - - - - -114 

[137] Town Meeting May 20-1776. 

f Sam' Fisk Esq^ 

I M'' Nath' Stone 

Voted & Chofe a Com"'' of Correspondence \ M' Mofes Stone 

I M"^ Jede" Leathe 
[ M^ Richard Clark 

[142] Town Meeting May 20-1776. 

Then a Refolve of the late House of Representatives Relating to 
the Congrefs of the thirteen united Colonies Declaring them In- 
dependent of Great Britain. The Qiiestion was put to know y® 
minde of the town whether they will Stand by & Defend the 
Same with their lives and Estates & it past in the affirmative 
unanimously. 



2 


2 3 





4 





4 





9 4 


2 


8 2 



24 WatertoWTi's Military History. 

[144] Meeting of Selectmen July 2-1776. 

Warrant for Town Meeting, same day. 

(2) To Agree upon Some Proper method for Railing Water- 
towns part of the five thousand men ordered for the Defence of 
this Country, and to Grant a Sum of money to forward the affair, 
and to act thereon as they See fitt. 

Town Meeting July 2-1776, house of Mr. Samuel Willington. 

Then Voted & Granted the Sum of Six pounds Six Ihillings & 
eight pence to each perfon that Shall inlist into the Service for 
the town of Watertown for the present Service till Watertowns 
proportion is Complaeted. 

Voted that the S'' : Sum be allowed to thofe that inlist within 
two days. 

Voted that all thofe perfous that are now in the Service & thofe 
that are going be Excufed from paying a pole tax toward the 
above Voted Bounty. 

Voted that the Town Treafurerbe impowered to hire the money 
to pay the the Bounty untill Such time as the money Can be 
afsest. Voted that the assessors be Defired to afses the Inhabi- 
tants of this town to Raife money to pay this Bounty emediatly 
in a Separete list. 

[145] 

Voted that the afsefsorsbe Directed that where any perfons hold 
lands by lease or otherwise that they lay the tax on the Landlords. 

It was moved to allow the bounty Granted at the former meet- 
ing to Such as inlist on or before the fifteenth Day of this month 
which was Voted and allowed. 

Adjourned Town Meeting July 15-1776. 

It was Voted that the bounty be allowed till the thirty men be 
inlisted as Required as Watertowns proportion of the five thousand. 

[146] Meeting of Selectmen Sept. 23-1776. 

Warrant for Town Meeting Sept. 30-1776. 

(4) For the town to agree upon Some Proper method for 
Railing men for the Defence of the united States of America and 
to act any thing Relating thereto the town may think best. 

and also to Warn all the Male Inhabitants of the town that are 
free being twenty one years of age & upwards to afsemble at Said 
time & place to Consider and Determin whether they will give 
their Consent that the present House of Representatives with the 
Council Should agree upon a Form of Government for this State 
and act thereon as they See best. 

[147] Town Meeting Sept. 30-1776. 

Then the 4'^'' Article was Read and after Debate thereon it was 
Voted to Choofe a Committe to Consider thereon and Report 
what way they think will be best for the town to proceed in Raifing 



The Revolutionary War. 



25 



men for the Defence of america for the Futer & make Report at 

M-^ Sami White 
M'^ David Bemis 



the adjou' 

Voted «&: Chofe for S'' : Committe { 



M"" Josiah Capen 
M"" David Sanorer 
M'" Mofes Stone 



[148] Adjourned Tow^n Meeting Oct. 7-1776. 

Then the tov\^n took into Consideration a Refolve of the Gen' 
Court of the if"^ of September hist ReLiting to a Form of Govern- 
ment and after Debate thereon They Voted unanimously that they 
give their Consent that the present Houfe of Reprefentatives with 
the Council Should Form a plan of Government for the State to 
be laid before the Several tow^ns in the Same for their Considera- 
tion before it be Ratified. 

[149] 2nd. adjournment of above meeting to Nov, 25-1776. 

The Committee appointed to conlider the Matter Relating to 
Raising men for the Defence of the Country made Verball Report 
that they had not don any thing on the affair. 

Then it was Voted not to act any thing on that article. 

[150] Selectmens Meeting Mar. 4-1777. 

Warrant for Town Meeting March 10-1777. 

(3) To know the minde of the town whether they will come 
into Some Method to proportion the Charge that has already been 
by hireing men to go into the Service, and to act any thingthere- 
on as they tbink proper. 

(4) To know the minde of the town what method they will 
take to Raife Watertowns proportion of men to Compleat the 
Continental Army and to act thereon as they think proper. 

(5) To Choofe a Committe of Correspondance &c agreeable 
to a Refolve of the General Court. 

[154] Town Meeting March 10-1777. 

f M>- Rich'! Clark 
M"" Josiah Capen 

Voted & Chofe Com*'® of Corespondence { M"" Edward Richardfon 

I M"" David Sanger 
I M'' Stephen Harris 

[155] 

Then the 3d Article was Read & after Debate thereon it was 
Voted that the town will leave the whole Charge of the war in 
Equal proportions as They pay other Taxs. 

Voted to Choofe a Committe to bring in an Account of what 



has already arifen &c. 



Voted & Chofe for S^ : Committe 



Maj'' Sam' Barnard 
Cap* Phin' Stearns 
Clerk Nathan Coollidge 
\ M^ David Bemis 
M'' David Sanger 
L* Josiah Capen ju' 
M"" Elijah Bond 



26 



Watertorvft's Military History. 



Voted that y^^Committe bring in a particular account what each 

man has don. 

Then the 4"^ article being Read after Debate thereon : 

Voted to Choofe a Committe to procure men at y^ Expence of 

the Town. 

Voted that the Selectmen be a Committe for Sd : purpofe 
Voted & added Mr: Simon Whitney — L* : Chris': Grant ju. 
Voted that v^ Committe give £24 pounds p'' man if they Cannot 

be had for lefs & have power to hire money for y® purpofe in the 

Name & behalf of the Town. 

[156] 

Then the Com"® Appointed to Consider what Services perfons 
have don in the War & make Report. 

Their Report being Read after Debate thereon Voted to Re- 
commit the Report & add four more to the Committe, Voted & 
chofeMefs"^: Sam^: White, Daniel Sawin, Sam^ : Fisk Esq"^ : & 
M"": W'": Hunt. 

Then M'' : Edward Richardfon Excufed himfelf from Serving 
on the Committe of Correspondance and M'' : Daniel Coollidge 
was Chosen in his Room. 



[158] Town Meeting March 31-1777, by adjournment. 

Then the Report of y*^ Com"® appointed to Consider what Ser- 
vices each perfon has don for the town the present war was Read 
& was Voted & accepted and is as follows (Viz) : 

Watertown 2*^"^ of March 1777. 

The Com**" Appointed by the Town to take into Consideration 
the .Services don for the town in the present war, and what each 
Soldier Shall be allowed for their Refpective Services, Exclusive 
ofthe pay from the Continent or State beg leave to Report as 
follows (Viz) : 

(i) That there be paid bv the town to each 
Non-Commifsion officer & Soldier that engaged 
in the Service for eight months in 1775 the Sum 
of 2 pounds each y® N'* 35 is - 



(2) That there be paid bv the town to each ] 
Non-Commifsion officer and Soldier that march®'' ! 
from Cambridge to New York & from thence to [ 
Canada twenty pounds each 19 in Number - J 

(3) That there be paid by the town to each ] 
Non-Commifsion officer & Soldier that march'd (^ 
to New-York & engaged in the Service one year [ 
£10 each being four in number - - - J 

Carried Forward . - - 



£70 : 0:0 
380 : 0:0 

40 : 00 : o 



£490 : 



o : o 



The Revolutionary War. 



27 



Bro : forward - - - - 

(4) That there be paid by the town to each 
Non-Cominifsion officer and Soldier thatengaged 
for one year & marched for Ticonderga in Aug' 
1776 -£6 each Number being 6 is . 

(5) That there be paid by the town to each 
Non-Commifsion officer and Soldier that engaged 
in the Service in July 1776 for five montiis Ex- 
clufive of those y*^ were hired £5 each y*' Num- 
ber being 5 is- - - - - - -J 

(6) That there be paid by the town to each ] 
Non-Commifsion officer and Soldier, that en- 
gaged in the Service for two months and Marched 
for New- York Ocf 1776 JC5 each (exclufive of 
those that were hired) being 9 in Number is - J 



(7) That there be paid by the town to each 
Non-Commifsion officer and Soldier that en- 
gaged in the Service for three months and 
marched to New- York in Dec'' 1776 (Exclufive 
of those that were hired) £8 one only went 



(8) That there be paid by the town to the 
following perfons the Refpective Soms affixed 
against their names, being money Expended by 
them for the benefit of the present War (Viz) : 

To Cash paid by David Stone 

To D° bv John Draper . . . 

To D° by Richard Everitt - 

To DO by S;uni White - - - - 

To D° by Simon Whitney - - - 

To D° by William Leathe - 

To D" by Nathaniel Blight 

To D" by Ezekiel Hall 

To D° by Mofes Coollidge - 

To D° by Nathaniel Bemis - 

To D" by Joel White - - - - 

To D° by Samuel Soden 

To D« by Elijah Bond 

To D° by Josiah Capen . . - 

To D" bv Samuel Barnard - 

To D° by Mofes Stone 

To D° by Jonas White no bounty rec*^ 
from y*' town 

Carried over _ . _ 



490 

36 

25 
45 



£604 



o : o 



O : o 



o: o 



o : o 



o : o 



6 


13: 


4 


6 


13: 


4 


6 


13: 


4 


7 


13: 


4 


7 


13: 


4 


6 


13: 


4 


6 


13: 


4 


7 


: 





6 


13: 


4 


6 


13: 


4 


6 


13: 


4 


7 


1=;: 


4 


4 


6: 


8 


6 


13: 


4 


7 


13: 


4 


7 


5: 




3 







£)ii2 : 15 : 4 



28 Watertown's Military History. 

[160] bro'over - - . . 
To Cash paid by John Sthnson 

To D° by Stephen Whitney 

To D'* by Simon Hastings - 

To D° by Daniel Whitney - 

To D° by Nathaniel Coollidge 

To D° by Amos Bond 

To D" by Josiah Norcrofs - 

To D** by Thomas Clark 

To D° by Thomas Harrington 

To D° by John Cook - - - 

To D° by Bezaleel Learned 

To D° by Thomas Pattin 

To D" by Phinehas Stearnes 

To D** by Samuel Hager 

To D° by Samuel Benjamin 

To D° by Edmund Fowle - 

To D° by Jonathan Child - 

To D° by Eires Ta inter 

To D° by Peter Harrington - 

To D" bv Elkanah Wales - 

To D° by Oliver M. Roe - 

To D" by Elifha Learned - 

To D° by Ephraim Jones - 

To D° by Samuel Nutting - 

To D*' by Amos Livermore - 

To D° by Samuel Fisk Esq"" 

To D° by Jonathan Brown Esq"" - 

To D° by David Bemis 

To D° by William Corkran 

To D° by John Cookson 

To D° by Marshall Spring - 

To D" by Eben"" Stedfon 

To D° by Samuel Cook 

To D° by Nathaniel Harrington - 

To D*' by Samuel Whitney - 

To D** by Christopher Grant 

To D° by Solomon Prentice 

Carried up - 

[161] bro' up ... - 

To Cash paid by Isaac Sanderfon - 

To D° by Ebenezer Stone 

To D«> by Nathaniel Stone - 

To D° by Phinehas Harrington - 

To D° by David Sanger 

To D** by John Chenery 

To D° by Richard Clark - 

To D° by Daniel Sawin 



£ri2 
6 

3 
6. 


'5 

13 



13: 


4 
4 
8 

4 


7- 


5: 


4 


I. 

6: 


5" 
13: 
'3 = 


4 
4 
4 


I. 

6 
6 


5- 
13: 
13: 
13: 


4 
4 
4 
4 


lO 


13: 


4 


7 


5 


4 


II : 


: 





6 








4 


18 





4 


'7 


4 


4 


13 


4 


4 








lO 








7 


10 





lO 








4 








lO 








8 


6 





7 








lO 


12 





1 1 








lO 








lO 








lO 








lO 








lO 








lO 








lO 








lO 








lO 


: 


: 



406 : o : 8 



406 : o : 8 



10: 


: 





10: 


0: 





8: 


12 : 





9- 


: 





8: 


6: 


8 


10 : 


: 





3: 


6: 


8 


0: 


16: 






465 : 1 2 : o 



The Revolutionary War. 29 

The within Report is Submitted to the town by their Said 
Committe. 

Sam^ Barnard Pr Order. 

Then the Qiiestion was Put whether that Deceal'^ Soldiers &c 
Taxes Should be Stoped out of their allowance it passed in the 
affirmative. 

Selectmens Meeting April 25-1777, house of Samuel Wellington. 

Warrant for Town Meeting Apr, 28-1777. 

(2) To agree upon Some method to Raife Seven men to go & 
march to the State of Rhod-Island agreabled to an order of the 
General Court. 

[162] Town Meeting April 28-1777. 

Then the article Relating to Raifing Seven men to join the 
army at Providence was Read and after Debate thereon 

The town Voted to Choofe a Committe of Seven perfons to 
procure men on as eafie termes as they can. 

M-^ Mofes Stone 
Cap' Phin® Stearnes 
Maj"^ Sam* Barnard 
Voted & Chofe for S^* : Comt«« { L': Josiah Capen 

M"^ Stephen Harris 
M"" Jonas White 
M"" Nathan Coollidge 

Then Voted that the Said Com"'' Shall have power in the name 
& Behalf of the Town to hire money to pay the men they may 
hire to go into the S'* : Service. 

Selectmens Meeting May 12-1777. 

[163] Warrant for Town Meeting May 19-1777. 

{^^) To make Grants of any Sums of money if Need be for 
past Services in the present war, and for further Services's and do 
any tiling thereon as the town may think Proper. 

(6'y) To Choofe any Committee or Committees Required to be 
Chofe to See to the putting any laws of tliis State into Execution. 

(7*^) To here any Reports of Committees that have been Ap- 
pointed for Perticular Services and to act anything thereon as The 
town may See fitt. 

(10'^) To know the minde of the town whether the persons the 
town purpofe to allow any Sums of money to for past Services 
Shall Exhibit their accounts under oath and to act as they See fitt. 

[164] Town Meeting May 19-1777. 

(10) article Read & Voted that the Several persons that are to 
be allow'd money for their past Services in y" war Should Exhibit 
their accounts upon oath. 



3° 



Watertown^s Alilltary History. 



[166] Town Meeting June 9-1777. 

Then the Account of the Committe Appointed to hire Seven 
men for Soldiers to go to providence was Read Amounting the 
Sum of 35 pounds and it was Voted that the former Committe 
that were Appointed to hire men Should pay Said 35 pounds with 
the money which is in their hands. 

Town Meeting June 23-1777, by adjournment. 

The (6) article being Read. Then the following perfons were 
Chofen to put the Act against Monopoly & Opprefsion into Exe- 
cution viz : 

Mess'' David Bemis, Simon Whitney, Jeddi^: Leathe, Jonas 
White & Mofes Stone. 

[167] 

Then they Voted & Granted the Sum of iCii83 : o: 10 pence to 
be Raifed by a Tax, to be paid to the Several perfons or their Le- 
gal Representatives, that have done Services in the present War, 
and that have Advanced moneys for the Support of the Same. 
The perfons first making Oath to the payment of the Value affixed 
to their Several names, or produce proper Receipts from the officer 
or officers to whome they paid the Same, Agreeable to the Report 
of the Committe Chofen by the town to Consider S*^^ : Services 

Then Voted the above mentioned Sum be afsefsed as Soon as 
Conveniently may be in a list b}' it Self. 

at the aforementioned meeting Mefs : Jonas White and Thomas 
Learned were added to the Com"** of Corrofpondance. 

[169] Selectmens Meeting Nov. 3-1777. 

Warrant for Town Meeting Nov. 10-1777. 

Second to Choofe a Committe to provide for the Families of 
Such Persons as are gon into the Continental Army for y® town 
of Watertown, & to act any thing Relating thereto as the town 
may think proper. 

(3) to Grant money to pay fo;- y*^ Armes Ammunition & Bread 
that the Selectmen provided meletia and to act any thing Relating 
thereto as they See fitt. 

(4) To know the minde of the town whether they will allow 
any thing to Such persons as are in the Service as a Reinforcement 
to tlie Continential Army, and to do and act any thing Relating 
thereto as they See fitt. 

[170] Town Meeting Nov. 10-1777. 

The Second ^Article being Read & the Question being put 
whether they will Choofe a Committe to provide for the poor Fam- 
ilies of perfons in the Continential army. 

It paft in the Negative. 

Then the Selectmens accounts for Armes &c was Read & the 
Sum of £52: 16: 2 was Granted to pay for the Same also the 
Sum of 13: 4: o was Granted to pay for the Flour provided by 
them for the use of the Melitia. 



The Revolutionary War. 31 

Then Voted that the Selectmen Should Sell the Lead and Gun- 
Locks that they Bought and be accountable to the town for the 
Money ariling by the Sale thereof. 

Selectmens Meeting Dec. 14-1777, house Jonathan Brown. 

Warrant for Town Meeting Dec. 15-1777- 

to manifest their minds Relating to the Qiiartering Some of the 
officers of the Army lately Commanded by Gen': Burgoyne in 
Watertown, and to act thereon as they think proper. 

[173] Town Meeting Dec. 15-1777. 

then the Article Relating to Qiiartering Burgoynes officers was 
Read & after a fair and Candid Debate thereon the following 
pafsed unanimously (Viz) That it is the Opinion of this town 
that the Qiiartering the British officers among the inhabitants 
thereof, at this time, is Very Dangerous to the peace & Safty of 
the town as Well as the publick, and therefore we Cannot give 
our confent thereto. 

Then they Chofe the Selectmen to be a Committe to Inform the 
D. Q. jSJaster, and Such of the Inhabitants of the town as were 
Inclined to Receive Sd : officers into their families or houfes of 
this Vote. 

Selectmens Meeting Jan. 12-1778. 

Warrant for Town Meeting Jan. 16-177S. 

to hear the articles of Confederation Read and to act on the 
Same &c. 

Town Meeting Jan. 16-177S. 

then adjourned to the Hoiife of m"" Bez' Learned and being there 
Al'sembeled, the Articles of Confederation & perpetual union be- 
tween the united States of America as Purpofed by Congrefs were 
Read & Confidered, and Voted that the Reprefentative be and he 
is hereby fully Impowered & Inftructed to do and act any thing 
he Shall Judge proper in order to tiieir being Rattified & Con- 
firmed. 

Selectmens Meeting Feb. 19-1778. 

Warrant for Town Meeting March 9-1 77S. 

[175] 

(13) To Grant money to pay what was hired to pay the Bounty 
to the Continential Soldiers. 

(14) To Grant money to pay Such peribns as have been in the 
Service for which no allowance has been made and to act any 
thing thereon the town think proper. 

(15) To know the minde of the town whether they will Call 
in the money that is due to them & Appropriate it for Defraying 
the Charge of the war, and act thereon as they See fitt. 

(iS) To Determine in what manner the money Shall be paid 
to the perfons that have been in the Service or have paid money 
therefor agreeable to the Grants that have been made for them. 



32 



Watertown* s Military History. 



Selectmens Meeting March 6-1778. 
(among bills presented at this meeting were the following, no 
grant having been made :) 

[176] 



To Richard Leathe for making Cartriges - 2 



for d° &c 

for Casting Bullets 

For Baking &c 



- 3 

- o 

- 2 



To Hugh Mafon 

To Seth Norcross 

To John Draper 

[177] Town Meeting March 9-1778. 

f M^ : Sam' : White 

For a Committe of Correspon- 
dance Inspection and Safty 



16 

I 

10 

12 



M"^ David Bemis 
\ M^ David Sanger 
I Cap* Phin^ : Siearnes Excufed 
[ M"" Daniel Sawin 



[178] 

The 13 Article was put off to the adjournment. 
The 14 article being Read it was Voted to Choofe a Committe 
to procure a list of the perfons that have done Service in the War 
Since there has been any allowance made, and Report what their 
Service has been, & Report what is proper to be don thereon. 

Cap* Phin® Stearnes 
M"" David Bemis 
Maf : Sam' Barnard 
M^ Sam White 
M"" Elijah Bond 
Chofe for Said Committe ^ L* Josiah Capen ju'' 

L' Amos Bons 
M"" Jonas White 
Serg* Mofes Stone 
M"^ : Daniel Sawin 
M"" Josiah Bisco 
Then Voted that the money now in the Treafury that was on 
Interest before be appropriated to help pay What money has been 
hired to pay Soldiers. 

[179] Town Meeting March 23-1778. 

M'^ Elijah Bond was Chofen one of the Committe of Corre- 
fpondance in the Room of Cap* Phin^ Stearnes. 

Voted & Granted the Sum of £500 towards paying the Bounty 
to the Continent .1 Soldiers. 

[180] 

Voted that the Sums that was Granted to each Soldier Shall be 
paid to them or their order. 

Then the Committe Appointed to Consider what Services per- 
fons have don in the prefent war for which there has been no 
allowance made was Read and after Debate thereon the Vote 



The Revolutionary War. 



33 



was put whether the Sums Shall be Accepted and it paft in the 
Negative. 

Then Voted to Commit the Report to a New Committe to Con- 
lider and Report what they think is proper to be don thereon and 
also to Report a plan for the Railing men in futer in an Equitable 
manner. 

]VF Jedi*^ Leathe 

8am' Fisk Esq"" 
AP Mofes Stone 
M'' David Bemis 
Dea" Nath' : Stone 
M'^ Simon Whitney 
M^ Daniel Whitney 
L*^ Chris'' Grant ju"^ 
M-^ Rich^i Clark 
M'"Josiah Capen 
M"^ James Barnard 

Voted that Said Committe make Report at the Next Town 
Meetinsf. 



Voted & Chofe for S'^ : Com"« { 



[181] Selectmens Meeting March 23-1778. 

They also Signed an order to pay the Selectmen that Served y® 
last year the Sum of £65 : o : 3 which Sum they paid for armes 
Flour &c. 

[183] Town Meeting April 6-1778. 

Then they took under Consideration the Report of the Com- 
mitte Relating to the men that have don Service in the War & 
have had no allowance. 

Voted that the men that went in perfon & thofe that hired others ■ 
be paid alike for the Service. 

Voted that the following twelve perfons that were to Reinforce 
the Northern Army have 30 pounds each (Viz) : 

Daniel Parker Jacob Sanderfon 

Sam' Sprague Zach'' Shed 

Henry Bradfhaw Benj" Capen 

Mofes Hager Jedid"^ Leathe 

Jon^ Stone Jon'^ Livermore 

John Sawin Peter Richardfon 

[183] 

Nov'': The nine that were Raifed to Guard the prifoners at 
Cambridge (Viz) : 

Ruggles Whitney Stephen Harris 

Jon'^ Crafts Tho^ Learned 

David Bemis ju'' Sam': Wellington 

Thad''^ Fuller James Mallard 

Daniel Mafon 



34 Watertown's Military History. 

The nine men for Dorchester heights (Viz) : 

Seth Norcrofs Josiah Learned 

Pennuel Park Andrew Stimfon 

Jon-'* Child Daniel Coollige 

Phin« Child Benj" Hurd 

Benj" Hastings 

177S Jan"^-^: to Reinforce the Guards at Cambridge being 
twenty-three men (Viz): 

Edw'' Harrington ju'' Joshua Stratton 

Sam' Bond Simon Coollidge ju"" 

Nath' Bemis Converfe Spring 

Luke Bemis W™ Learned 

Tho^ Prentice James Stone 

Rich'' Everit George Alen 

Nath' Coollidge John Vila 

Step" Cook Joseph Bright 

W™ Sanger Andrew White 

W" Morfe Jon^ Brown ju' 

Phin^Jenifon Edm^ Fowle 
Joseph Child 

March Eighteen men to go to the lines for one month all 
thefe to have their wages with what is allowed them by y^ Conti- 
nent & State made up to Six pounds P'" month. 

Then the Report Relating to Raifing men for the futer was 
Read & Committed to a New Com"^ to be taken into a new 
Draught. 

i M.^ Josiah Capen 
Chofe for S*^ : Committe •< Sam' Fisk Esq"". 

( M"" Josiah Bisco 

[184] Town Meeting April 30-1778, by adjournment. 

Voted & Accepted the Report of the Committe on the plan for 
Railing men for the Service in the army. See the Report. 

Voted that the Meletia officers with the Committe of Corre- 
fpondence be a Committe to procure men for the Publick Service 
in the Army at the Expence of the Town. 

Voted that Said Committe have power in the Name & Behalf 
of the Town to hire money if Need be for Said Service. 

[185] 

Selectmens Meeting May 1 r-i 778. house of Bezeleel Learned. 

Warrant for Town Meeting May 18-1778. 

(2'y) For the town to grant money or to do any thing they 
think Necessary to Incourage the Railing men for Recruiting the 
army as they think best. 

(3'y) For the Town to Determin what Sums of money Shall 
be afseft at this time. 

(4'y) For the Town to make grants to Such men as have been 
in the Service that were omitted before, if they See fitt. 



The Revolutionary War. 35 

(6^y) To know if the Town will Call in the money that is due 
on Bond or Note of Hand & Appropriate it to Such ufes as they 
See fitt. 

[186] Town Meeting May 1S-177S. 

Then they Voted to Choofe a Committe to Examin what Ex- 
pence the town has been at in hiring men for Service in the War 
& Report to the town. 

f M'' : Mofes Stone 
I M"" David Sanger 
Voted & Chofe for S^ Committe { W Sam^ White 

Cap' Phin* Stearnes 
^ Maj'' Sam' Barnard 

Then Voted that the Selectmen be joined to the Committe of 
Corrofpondance & Melitia for Railing Men to Recruit the army. 

Voted & Granted a further Sum of JC5 pounds to each of the 
men that Went to the White plains in the year i77^- 

Voted that the men that went to the Northward in the year 
1776 with Cap' Edw'' : Harrington be allowed a further Sum of 
I : 13 : 4 each. 

Voted y' the Committe appointed to hire men Report what 
they Should Receive. 

[187] 

Voted that the Town Treafurer Call in all the money that is 
due to the town on Bond or Note as Soon as may be. 

Voted & Appropriated Said money to help Defray the expence 
of the present War. 

Voted that the Treafurer Report what money is due to the 
town as aforesaid & from whome due. 

Town Meeting June 1-1778, by adjournment. 

Voted & Granted a further Sum of £3 pounds P"" : month to 
each of the men that went to Cambridge to Guard the prifoners & 
also to each of thofe that went afterwards as a Reinforcement to 
S*^ Guards and to the men that went to Roxbury lines in addition 
to what was granted thein before. 

Voted & Granted the Sum of £720 pounds to hire men to go 
into the Continental army, also Voted & Granted the Sum of 
£270 pounds to pay the men to go to Peks-kiln [torn] 
Granted to Wellington & Crane for the [torn] 8 

months 40/ each £4 pounds they being omitted [torn]. 

[188] 

Voted & Granted the Sum of twenty-two pounds to Cornelius 
Park for his Service the first eight months and for his Service for 
one year in going to New York & Canada. 

The Committe appointed to enquire into the whole Expence 
that the town had been at in hiring men for the Service Reported. 

See their Report on file. 



36 WaterioTVTi's Military History. 

Voted that the .Sum of 2443 : 18 : 11 be afsest as Soon as may 
be to pay the men according to the Several grants made them. 

Voted & Granted the Same Sums of money to Cap' Phin*: 
Stearnes and Leiuteants Josiah Capen & Amos Bond as were 
allow'd the privates that Served with them. 

[189] Selectmens Meeting June 4-1778. 

Warrant for Town Meeting June 8-1778. 

(2^y) To take into Consideration a New Form of Government 
purpofed by a Convention of y® hite General Court ordered to be 
laid before the Inhabitants for their Approbation or Disapproba- 
tion and to act thereon as the}' See fitt. 

(4^^) To hear the Report of a Committe Relating to the Raif- 
ing men for the Service of the war and to act thereon as they See 
proper. 

Town Meeting June 8-1 77S, at Mrs. Dorothy Coollidge. 

The purpofed Form of Government being Read & after Debate 
thereon. The Qiiestion was put whether they Approve of the 
Same, and it pafsed in the Negative unanimoufly, there being 
Sixty Voters present. 

Voted that the Reprefentative endevor to prevent any thing be- 
ing don Relating to a New Constitution at present. 

[190] 

Then a Report of a Committe appointed to Report a Flan for a 
more eafie & Just way of Raifing men for the Publick Service was 
Read & accepted which is on file. Then Voted to Choofe a Com- 
mitte to devide the Inhabitants into Lots agreable to S'^ : Report. 
Voted that they Shall be paid 12/ each for each day they Shall 
Spend Necefsarily in the Service. 

f Sami : Fisk Esq"- : 
j Jon'^ Brown Esq"": 
Voted & Chofe for S^': Comtt^ \ W Mofes Stone 

I M'^ Sam^ White 
[ M'" Josiah Bisco 

Selectmens Meeting June 35-1 77S. 

Warrant for Town Meeting June 27-1778. 

Secondly to agree upon a Method to raife four rhen to go into 
the Service of the united States to do duty in the State of Rhoad-. 
Island & to make a Grant of a Sum of money to encourage the 
Inlistment of the men for that Service or any futer Service & to 
do & act any thing thereon that may be thought Necefsary : 

[191] 

Then Voted to Reconsider their vote of y® 4 Inftant Relating to 
Railing men &c : 

Voted to Choofe a Committe to hire 4 men for the Service at 
Rhoad-Ifland and also men for other Services as often as they are 
ordered by proper Authority with full power to hire money in 



The Revolutionary War. 7*j 

the Name & behalf of the town for Such Services as often as Oc- 
cation may Require. They to Continue a Com"^ for S*^ purpofe 
during the towns Pleafure. 

( M'' : Mofes Stone 
Voted & Chofe for Said Committe ] ]VP: Sam': White 

( L' : Amos Bond 

Voted to allow S'^ : Committe Reafonable pay for their Service. 

[192] Selectmens Meeting July 20-1778. 

At this meeting they Signed an order on the town Treaf'' to pay 
the Sum of £1054 : 12 : S to Such perfons as has been in the VVar 
or had paid money for such Services Agreeable to the Severall 
grants made them. 

[193] Selectmens Meeting Oct 1778. 

Warrant for Town Meeting Nov. 2-1778. 

(7) To know the minde of the town What Sums of money or 
W'hether any that have been hired to Raife Soldiers, Shall be 
afsest at this time, and Determin what Shall be further don 
thereon. 

[194] Town Meeting Nov. 2-1778. 

One (Report of Committee) Signed by Mofes Stone & others 
being a Committe for hiring men for the War &c the Account 
ammounting to iE342 : 12 : o which was Voted & Granted, one 
other Signed by Sam' Soden & others for like Services amounting 
to £874 : 3 : o which Sum was also Voted & Granted. 

[195] 

Then Voted that the Remainder of the Charge that the town 
has been at in hiring men for the War be afseft as soon as may be. 

[198] Selectmens Meeting Dec. 1-1778. 

They Signed an order to the town Treafurer to pay the Sum of 
Eleven Hundred & thirty Nine Pounds 17/8 Pence to Sundry 
Perfons that have don Services in the War each one the Sum that 
was Granted to them. 

[303] Town Meeting March 8-1779. 

M' Rich" Clark 



Committe of Correspondance Safty &c 



M"^ Jed'^ Leathe 
M"" Elijah Bond 
M-^ Sam' Soden 
M'' Daniel Savvin 



[205] Town Meeting March 15-1779, by adjournment. 

The Committe Appointed to hire men to go into the Service in 
the War Reported that they had hired men for the Service to the 
amount of iESo : 18 : 2 and the town Voted & Granted the Same 
Sum. 



38 Watertoivn^s Military History. 

[309] Selectmens Meeting May 17-1779. 

Warrant for Town Meeting May 24-1779. 

(2) To Consider a Refolve of the General Court for forming a 
New Constitution or Form of Government, and to act thereon as 
the town Shall See proper. 

210] 

(5) To Agree upon ways & means to Raife Soldiers for the 
Publick Service when Called upon by lawfull Authority. 

[211] Town Meeting May 24-1779. 

They took into Consideration a Refolve of the Gen^ : Court Re- 
lating to a New Constitution or Form of Government and after 
Debate thereon the Q_uestion was put Whether they Chuse at this 
time to have a New Constitution or Form of Government made & 
it past in y® Negative 

twenty being against it but three for it. 

then the Second Qiiestion mentioned in S'^ Refolve was put and 
it palsed in the Negative. 

[212] 

Then they voted to Choofe a Committe to hire men to go into 
the Service when called for. 

( M'" Mofes Stone 
Voted & Chofe for S^^: Committe } W Sam' White 

(L* Amos Bond 

[214] Selectmens Meeting June 28-1779. 

Warrant for Town Meeting July 7-1 779- 

(2^^) To consider & adopt any Meafures for Appretiation of 
the Currency and to act any thing thereon that they may Judge 
Necessary & proper. 

(3'^) To See if the town will give any Inftruction or Directions 
to their Committe of Corrofpondance at Concord on the 14^*^ Day 
of July Next for the above Said Furpofes and to act any thing 
thereon they See fitt. 

(5^y) For the town to Grant and order the Afsefsing the Mon- 
ies that have been paid for Raising Soldiers and to act thereon as 
they See fitt. 

Town Meeting July 7-1 779- 

The article being Read relating to taking Meafures for the 
Appreciating the Currency as Recommended by the Inhabitants 
of Boston & otber places after Considering the Same. They 
voted to Choofe a Com^** to Consider y*^ Same and Report what 
is Proper to be don thereon & Report as Soon as may be. 

[215] 

Voted & Chofe for S'' : Committe Sam^ : Fisk & W" HuntEsq'^: 
M'' David Sanger M'' Sam': Cook & Jonathan Brown. 



The Revolutionary War. 39 

Then Voted that Said Committe Sit emediately. who Pro- 
ceeded & Considered the matter & in about one Hours time Re- 
turned & made the following Report (Viz) : 

[Here follows a long report on page 215 original records, and 
page 279 of the copied records.] 

[318] Town Meeting July 30-1779, by adjournment. 

The 5'^ & Sixth articles being Read the Com"<= for Railing 
Soldiers Reported the Expence attending the Raifing men for 
Rhoad-Island & the Continental army amounting to iE3226 : 19: 6 
which was Voted & accepted. (See the Report on file.) 

[Pages 219 to 223 inclusive contain the Report of the Com- 
mittee to fix the prices of Products of Labor.] 

[227] Town Meeting Sept. 13-1779. 

the following accounts were Voted allowed & Granted (Viz) 

To Cap' Phins Stearnes for Service in the War JE45 : 0:0 
To L' Amos Bond for D° 22 : 12 : o 

67 : 12 : o 

Voted that a Com"® Report the names of the officers that have 
don Service in the War which have had no Grant. 

Chofe for a Com'** Mefs David Bemis [torn]" Brown Esq'' & 
[torn] Bond. 

[228] 

Voted that all the Grants that have been made for Soldiers & 
other Services Should be Afseft all which ammount to the Sum 
of £3468 : 19 : 9. 

Selectmens Meeting Oct. 12-1779. 

Warrant for Town Meeting Oct. 14-1779. 

To agree upon Some way to Raife nine men to go into the 
Publick Service agreable to the Order of the General Court — also 
to take Some Proper Meafures for filling up Watertowns Propor- 
tion of the Continential Army, and to Grant Such Sums of money 
as may be thought Necefsary for Said Services, & to act any thing 
Relating to the Same that may be thought Necessary & proper. 

Town Meeting October 14-1779. 

Then voted to Raife a Sum of money to hire men for the Service 
in the War. 

Voted & Granted £1500 pounds for Said Service and voted 
that it be Afsefed emediately. 

Voted that it be paid into the Treafury by monday Next [torn] 
6 : Clock afternoon. 

then Voted that Mefs David Bemis [torn] David Sanger, be of 
the Committe in the Room Sam Whi [torn] Amos Bond who 
are Excufed for the Present. 



40 Watertown's Military History. 

Selectmens Meeting December 10-1779. 
[339] Warrant for Town Meeting December 20-1779. 

(4) To give Inftriictions to their Delegates that belong to le 
Convention Relating to their Conduct at the Next meetingof 
that Body. 

[330] Town Meeting December 20-1779. 

Then it was Voted that only one of the Delegates that wre 
Appointed to attend the Convention Should attend at a time at le 
Next Session, Except at the time of Pafsing on the whole Fori. 

[33-4] Selectmens Meeting February 28-1 7S0. 

Thev Signed an order on the Treafurer to pay Samuel Wite 
& others a Committe for hiring men for the war the Sum of 
67 : i^ : o for their Service in full of their accounts. 

[338] Town Meeting March 20-1 7S0, by adjournment. 

Voted & Granted the Sum of £48 pounds to pay mefs [torn 
Mofes Stone, David Bemis & David Sanger for hiring m [torn. 

[3-J:4] Town Meeting May 20-1 7S0. 

Then the said Form of Cover: was Read to the Town theme 
Meeting was adjourned to three O : Clock afternoon. 

[Afternoon again read, after Debate a com. appointed to bar 
objections t^ report.] 

Sam^ : Fisk Esc : 
Dea"" Nath' Stone 
M'^ Daniel Parker 
W"" Hunt Esq' 
Voted and Chose for S"^ Committee ■{ L* Aroos Bond 

M^ Sara : Cook 

Jon- Brown E^' : 
M' Jed'^ Leathe 
M' Josiah Bisco 

[!245] [On this page is the report of above committee anckbe 
action thereon.] 

Town Meeting June 6-1 7S0. 

Then they Voted & Chose tlie following perfons for a Gm- 
mittee to hire Men to Serve in the Armv (Viz) L* Josiah Ccen 
lu' Josiah Bisco & Moles Stone iu*^. 

Voted that said Committee have fiill Power to hire men onthe 
best terms they cau for the Service of this town in Ae War. 

[3445] Town Meeting June 1 2-1 7S0, 

Then the town voted to add two more peribns to Ac Cbmndtse 
for hiring nie:i. 

Then Vote^i ^ Chofe \\'* Hunt Es<f and M* David Sanger 



The Revolutionary \\\ir. 41 

[a-7] 

'l]en the town Voted & Grai)U\l tlu> Sum ol .Ci ."oiu) 'Tlious nul 
ponds to Railo nuMi <ft piocnrc C'loathin^ lor tin- use ol ll\( Aiiny 
agjeahlo to the Rclolvcs of thf (uMUMid C'onil. 

'hen it was voted that the Sum alore Said ix- emethatlv al'sclst-d 
ari( Collected hy next nionday Ni^jhl. 

Selectmeiis Meetiiii; July 3-1780. 
-Tarrant for Town Meetiiifj July 5-1780. 

\) To agree upon Some Method for Hailiuf; a Numlui moro 
Soliers agreable to the Relblves of the CJeneral Com(. 

() To Grant any Sums of Money that may he lhoii;'lit Nceel- 
sar for Said purpofe. 

Selectmens Meeting July 5-1780. 
'hey Signed an order on town treafurer to pay llic Sum of 
Seen Thousand & .Seventy five I'ounds ten Siiillin^s lo I/: 
Joi^h Capen & others & Cotnniitte to hire men. 

[^8] [Among orders signed on (he IreaHurer] : 

and to pay Josiah Capen isi others \ 

a Committe to hire men to iill the r ijooo : o 

Continential Army ) 

Town Meeting Jidy 5-i78(j. 

lien the Committe Appointed to hire men to go into (he 
Any Reported and it Appeared liiat there was a IJalLuK c due 
to;tem of X'7075 : 10 : o whicii Sum was Voted k. (Jraiiled. 

'hen they Voted & Granted the Sum orX'12000 poiuidw to hire 
me agreable to (he Last Refolves of the General Court. 

,\)ted that the Committe Appointed to hire men before I'roeecd 
tOL^U the Remainder as S(ion as may he. 

kso Voted & Impowered S'' : Com"" to liire money in I'dialf 
oflte town for Said purpofe. 

"Vited & Granted i'3000 ['oiuuIh to enable the .S(-lc<;ttn(;n (o 
prcure the four llorfes Required by a Relbive rW the Gencial 
Cort. 

loted that the aforeSaid Grants l^e Afseft a« Soon as may be. 

[^91 Town Meeting July 12-1780, by adjouiiiin'-Mt. 

loted & Granted the further Sum of X"6<^xjo poundh (o lii/e Men 
inVdition to the former Grant made for that I'urpofc. 

Selectmens Meeting July 24-1780. 
At a Meeting of y" Selectmen on tlie 5"' of July /780. 
Tjey Signed an order on the Treafurer to pay the Sum of 
£775 : 10 : o to L' Josiah Capen & other» a Committee appointed 
to Ire men for to go into the Army. 

ad at their meeting on the 24 Day of the Same month they 
Siaed an order to pay the .Same Corn^'* £,\/\(j^Ki poundu for the 
lik purpofe. 



42 Wateriown''s Military History. 

[350] Selectmens Meeting August 26-1780. 

Warrant for Town Meeting. 

(2) To agree upon Some Method to provide the Cloathing 
ordered by the General Court & to act any thing thereon that may 
be thought Necefsary. 

[353] Town Meeting September 6-1 7S0, by adjournment. 

Voted that money be hired to procure the Cloathing by the 
Selectmen. 

Voted & Granted JE15000 pounds to pay the hire of Soldiers 
gon into the Army. 

Selectmens Meeting October 5-1780. 

Warrant for Town Meeting October 11-1780. 

(2^y) To agree upon a Method to procure a quantity of Beef 
agreeable to a Refolve of the General Court. — and to Grant a 
Sum of money for that Purpofe and to act any thing Relating 
thereto that may be thought Proper. 

[353] Town Meeting Oct. 11-1780. 

Then a Refolve of the General Court Requiring a Qiiantity of 
Beef was Read & after Consideration thereof they — 

Voted & Chofe M"" Jonas White as a Committe to purchafe the 
Beef Required by Said Refolve. 

Voted to Choofe a Committe to hire the Sum of £15000 pounds 
in the name & behalf of town to purchafe S'^ : Beef. 

r W™ Hunt Esq 

Voted & Chofe for Said Committee \ M'" Sam^ Suden 

(M"" Sami White 

Then Voted & Granted the Sum of Fifteen Thousand pounds 
and Voted that the Same be afsefsed & paid into the town Treaf- 
ury by the first day of January Next, for to Repay the money 
that may be hired as above Said. 

[354] Selectmen Meeting December 22-1 7S0. 

Warrant for Town Meeting December 27-1780. 

(2) To agree upon Some Method to Procure a Qiiantity of 
Beef agreeable to a Refolve of the General Court or to provide 
money to Pay in lieu thereof, and to Act thereon as may be 
thought proper. 

(3) To agree upon Some method to raife men to fill the Con- 
tinential Army, and to act any tUing Relating thereto that may 
be thought proper. 

[355] 

Town Meeting at house of Mr Thomas Bullard by adjournment 
Dec. 27-1780. Then they Voted to Choofe a Committe to Con- 



The Revolutionary War. 43 ' 

sider & Report what is proper to be don Relating to the Railing 
men. 

Sam' : Fisk Esq*" 
M"" David Bemis 
M"" Mofes Stone 
Voted & Choofe for S*^ Committee \ M'' David Sanger 

M'- Rich'i Clark 
M'' Simon Whitney 
M'' Josiah Bisco 

The Com"® after considering the matter made Verbal Report 
that a Committe be appointed to hire men to fill the Continential 
Army which w^as Voted & Accepted. 

f M"" David Sanger 
Voted & Chofe for Said Committee -| L' Josiah Capen 

( L' Amos Bond 

Then Voted & Granted 1600 Dollars in hard money to hire S'^ : 
men. 

Then Voted that Said money be afseft as Soon as may be and 
that it be paid into the Treafiiry by the 25 Day of January Next. 

Then it was Voted that any perfons that Choofe to pay in Paper 
money that 75 paper Dollars in old currency Shall be Received 
in lieu of one Silver Dollar. 

Voted & Granted the Sum ofj£24000 pounds to purchafe the 
Beef Required by the Gen' Court for the use of the army. 

Then Voted to Choofe a Committee to Receive the money of 
the Collectors & pay for the Beef. 

r M'- Daniel Parker 

Voted & Chofe for Said Committee ■< M'' Simon Whitney 

( Jon'^ : Brown Esq"^ 

Voted to Choofe Collectors to Collect the above Sums. 

Then Voted & Choofe Mif« Mofes Stone jn'' : & Edm^' Fowle 
who were Sworn into the office by Jon'"^ Brown Jus' : Peace. 

[356] Town Meeting January 16-1781. 

Then the report of Committee appointed to hire men Laid on 
the tabl was Read & accepted & the Ballance of £747: 18:0 
was allowed. 

[357] Selectmens Meeting February 23-1781. 

Warrant for Town Meeting March 5-1 781. 

(9) To do any thing further that may Appear Necefsary for 
Railing men to fill the Continential Army. 

[358] Selectmens Meeting March 2-1 7S1. 

Orders signed on Treasurer : 

to Jonathan Brown for Service Relating Beef - 24 : o 
to Jonas White for Collecting Beef &c - - - - 496 : 8 
to Jed" Leath for d° 45 : o 



44 



Watertown^s Military History. 



[260] Town Meeting March 5-1781. 

then the article Relating to Raifing men was Read & it was 
Voted that the Collectors Should be Called upon by the Treafurer 
to Settle before the adjournment & upon Failure for him to Issue 
his Executions. 

Voted that the Committee appointed to hire men for the army 
be Authorifed to hire money for that Purpofe. 

Then Voted to Raife Six hundred Mill'd Dollars or the Value 
thereof in Paper money. 

and that the Afsefsors be directed to afsefs Said money as Soon 
as may be. 

[263] Selectmens Meeting March 19-1781 

Signed order : 

to pay the Ballance of the Committees account for Service the 
last year being in full for Railing men &c the whole amounting 
to the Sum of JC747 : 18:0. 

Warrant for Town Meeting April 2-1 781. 
(3'^) To take into Consideration a Letter from the Committees 
of Corrofpondance meet at East Sudbury Relating to the Tender 
act ; and act thereon as they think Proper. 

[264] Town Meeting April 2-1 781. 

Then the Letter from the Committees of Corrofpondance was 
Read & Voted 

[265] 

That the late Act for taking of the Tender of the money was 
not Agreable to the mind of the town. 

Then they Voted to Choofe a Committee to Prepare Inftructions 
for their Representative Directing him to ufe his influence in the 
General Court to git the tender Put on again. 

L' : Josiah Capen 



Voted & Chofe for Said Com"« \ 



Sam^ Soden 
M'' Josiah Bisco 
M-^ Sam^ White 

W" Hunt Esq"" 
M"" Jonas White 
M"^ Rich"! Clark 



Town Meeting April 3-1 78 1, by adjournment. 

Voted the Taxes Set to the Soldiers in m"" Edmund Fowles 
Lists Shall be abated if they go into the Continential Army. 

Then the Committee Appointed to Prepare Inftructions to be 
given their Reprefentative Laid a Draft therefor on y® Table 
which was Read & not accepted and Recommitted to the Same 
Committee. 

adjourned to Mr John Bullards to meet ^ hours time which will 
be at 7 o'clock. 



The Revolutionary War. 45 

[266] 

The town being met at m'' Bullards According to Adjournment 
but there being no Convenient Room that they Could have the 
meeting was by a Vote Adjourned to M""* Dorothy Coollidges to 
there in a Qiiarter of an Hour. They being met according to 
Adjournment a Motion being made and Seconded They Voted to 
Reconfider all the Votes that had been Pafsed on the third article 
in the Warrant Relating to the Tender Act (So Called). 

Then they Voted that their Reprefentative be Directed to use 
his Endeavor in the General Court that the Tender act that was 
Lately Repealed be Revived So far as it Concerns the tender. 

Then it was Voted that the Names of the Perfons that voted for 
the Inftruction & thofe against it be taken by Yeas & Nays — 
which are as follows (Viz) : 

Nays. Teas. 

Mofes Stone Jedidiah Leathe 

■ Josiah Mixer Mofes Coollidge 

Mofes Stone jr Abraham Whitney 

W™ Warren Hugh Mason 

Sam^ White Amos Livermore 

Edm*^ Fowle Josiah Capen 

W™ Hunt Sam^ Barnard 

Jon^ Stone Elijah Bond 

Nathan Coollige Jonas White 

Tho^ Pattin Josiah Sanderfon 

Josiah Norcrofs Phin^ Child 

Sam^ Cook Sam' Spring 

Henry Bradfhaw Josiah Bisco 

Daniel Parker Daniel Sawin 

Sam' Richards Jon^ Child 

Simon Hastings 

Benj" Capin 

Jon'^ Coollidge Godding 

Daniel Mason 

Eben"" Everit 

W'" Harrington 

Rich'' Everit 

Francis Brown 

Sam' Soden 

Simon Whitney 

Selectmens Meeting June 7-17S1. 
Warrant for Town Meeting June 1 3-1 781. 

[269] 

(2'') To take Some Effectual Meafures to Compleat the Railing 
of our Proportion of men to fill up the Continential Army agree- 
able to the order of the Gen' Court &c. 

[torn] nd make Such Grants of money & do any other things Re- 
lating thereto [torn] may appear Necefsary. 



46 Watertown' s Military History. 

[370] Town Meeting June 13-1781. 

Voted that the Committee for hiring men be Defired to ufe their 
best endeavors to hire men to Compleat the towns Qiiota of men 
for the Continential army and make Report of their doings at the 
Adjournment of this meeting also Voted that if the Com"*^ have 
Inlisted any who have not yet Pafsed mufter they be Desired to 
ufe their Endeavors that they be immediatly muftered. 

Voted that S'' Com"® be Desired to Report to the town what 
Sums of money they have on hand & what Sort of money that 
belongs to the town at the Adjournment of this meeting. 

also that the Collectors that have lists of Town taxes granted 
for the purpofe of hiring men be Desired to Report at S'^ : Ad- 
journment how much they have yet to Collect on S'^ lists & what 
money they have on hand. 

Voted that the Committee be Impowered to hire men with 
Scocks or Produce. 

Town Meeting June 1 8-1 781, b}' adjournment. 

Voted to Reconlider a Vote at a former meeting Granting hard 
money to hire Soldiers being paid at the Rate of Seventy five old 
Continential Dollars in lieu of one in Silver. 

Then voted that the Collectors Should Receive no more old 
Currency for S*^ Tax's but to Receive them in the New money or 
in hard coin. 

Voted y*^ : the Collectors may Receive three new in Lieu of one 
Silver. 

Town Meeting June 20-1781, by adjournment. 

Voted that the Comm"*^ be desired to Report what money they 
have on hand & that the Collectors Report what money tliey have 
yet to Collect & what they have on hand. 

[371] 

Voted that the Collectors be desired imediately to pay what 
money they have now on hand that they have Collected for the 
purpofe of hiring men into the Committees hands. 

also Voted that Sd : Committee Dispofe of the old emifsion in 
the best manner they can for the ufe of the Town. 

Voted that the Committee for hiring men be Directed to ufe 
their endeavours to have all the perfons whome they have Inlifted 
(Except John Jaeob Sawyer a Hafsion) imediately Muftered. 

Voted that the Sum of one hundred & eighty pounds hard 
money be Granted for the purpofe of hiring men and be afsefsed 
& Collected imediately. 

Town Meeting July 6-1 781. 

on the 2'* : Article Voted to Grant a Sum of money to procure 
the towns Qiiota of Beef — and the Sum of one Hundred pounds 
hard money was granted for that purpofe. 

on y'^ 4 Article Voted to Clafs the Inhabitants of the Town for 
the purpofe of hiring or Raifmg men for three or five months 
asfreable to the orders of the Gen' Court. 



The Revolutionary War. 47 

Voted to Choofe a Committee to Clai's the Town into as many 
Clafses as there are men to be Raifed. 

r Sami : Fisk Esq'- : 
Chofe for S*^ Committee ■< Jon^ Brown Esq"" : 

( AF Jed" Leathe 

[363] Town Meeting July 23-1781, by adjournment. 

They Voted that the money Granted to hire men Should be 
paid in Specia. 

Voted to Reconfider a former vote for Clafsing the Inhabitants 
of the town &c. 

Voted & Granted 800 Dollars to hire men and that it be afsefsed 
emediately. 

Then Voted that the Committee appointed to Raiie men to fill 
the Continential Army be a Committee to hire men for the five 
and Three months Service. 

Town Meeting August 6-1 78 1, by adjournment. 
They took into Consideration the ^^ Article Relating to the 
Beef to be provided for the Army — and voted to Choofe a Com- 
mittee to procure the Same. 

iM" David Bemis 
Voted and Chofe for Said Committee -< M"" Sam^ White 

( M'' Simon Whitney 
Then they Voted that all the tax's that the Collectors have or 
mav Receive Afefsed in hard coin Shall be paid in like money 
any Votes before to the Contrary Notwithftanding. 

[373] Selectmens Meeting August 37-1781. 

They Signed an order on the Treafurer to pay M'' : David San- 
ger & others the Committee appointed to hire men to go into the 
Army the Sum of two Hundred pounds for the Said Purpose. 

[374] Selectmens Meeting October 3-1 781. 

Warrant for Town Meeting October 8-17S1. 

(3) To Devife Sufficient Means for Raifing the Men for the 
Continential Army. 

(375] Town Meeting October 16-1781, by adjournment. 

3^ article passed over. 

[376] Selectmens Meeting November 9-1 781. 

Warrant for Town Meeting November 14-1781. 

(2'y) To take into Consideration a Refolve of the General 
Court for Compleating the Continential Army and act thereon 
as they Judge Proper. 

Town Meeting November 14-1781. 
(Action taken on collecting money assessed to carry on the war.) 
Then they Voted to Choofe a Committee to use their endeavor 



48 Watertowft's Military History. 

to git the town Releafed from two of the men Set to them as their 
part of the Continential Army which are Suppofed to be more 
than Watertowns proportion. 

( Jonathan Brown Esq"^ 
Voted & Chofe for Said Committee - William Hunt Esq"^ 

(M'' Samuel White 

[278] Selectmens Meeting. 

to Daniel Parker Esq"" for the Beef he provided 82 : 13:6 

Town Meeting January 7-1 7S2, by adjournment. 
The (2*^) article in the Warrant being Read = And the Com- 
mittee appointed to hire men for the Continential Army Informed 
that they had made Such provifion for Supplying this towns pro- 
portion that they Suppofed the Number was Compleat therefor 
no other Meafures were taken. 

[379] Selectmens Meeting February 18-1782. 

Warrant for Town Meeting March 4-1782. 

(15) To know y® minds of the town whether they will make 
any further grants to officers or Privates that have been in the 
Publick Service at Cannada Ticonderoga or else where not in- 
cluded in any former Vote, and act thereon as they may think 
proper. 

[383] Town Meeting March 18-1782, by adjournment. 

Then the (15) article was Read & Voted y* the Selectmen Con- 
sider thereof & Report what is proper to be don thereon. 

[For this report see the book of records.] 

Service in four New England States. 
May 7-1777. 

Receipt for five pounds was signed by Samuel Jennison jr for 
two months service Capt. Stephen Danas Company. 

ditto Abell Russell Capt. Stephen Danas Company. 

May 9-1777. 

ditto Tho^ Wilfon by his mark Capt. Stephen Danas Com- 
pany. 

Town Stock of Ammunition 1780. 
The Towns Stock of powder, Balls, Flint, &c. 

one Barrill w^ ----- - 131 

one ditto - - - - - - - 120 

one ditto ------- 68 

one ditto ------- 55 

one Bag of Balls No 26 wd - - - 48 

one ditto No 21 _ - - 52 

one ditto No 28 . - - 39 



one Bag 


No 22 W-' 


one ditto 


No i8 


one ditto 


No 24 


one ditto 


No 20 


one ditto 


No 20 


one ditto 


No 26 


Flints 


- 


Buck Shot w*^ - 


- 


powder 


- 



The Revolutionary War. 49 

one ditto No 29 _ - - 50 

one ditto No 26 - _ - 41 

Flints one paper No i ... loi 

one ditto No 2 - - - 94 

at M'' David Bemis 44 2-3 pounds of Balls & 47 Sheets paper 
~ " ' - - 26 

22 
9 

54 

- - 46 

- - 37 

- - 805 
30 
30 

The town records bearing upon the Revolutionary War have 
been given in continuity, in order to outline, in a measure, the 
action taken by the town during that exciting period previous to 
the opening of the conflict, as well as to show the local means 
provided for vigorously prosecuting the war to a satisfactory con- 
clusion. We, of the present day, can have but little realization of 
the thrilling interest, the vivid glow of righteous indignation, 
which filled and actuated the minds of our people then. Plain 
country folks, as they were, desirous of leading a simple life of 
peace and quietude, to till their farms and tend their flocks, they 
were swept by fate into a war against their king, George the 
Third, the consequences of which their Greater King, the Lord of 
Hosts, alone could foresee. 

But the impress of the times bore with especial power upon 
this community for a particular reason. The Stamp Act, the 
Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the pressure of the royal 
troops, the infinite personal exactions and restrictions, which fret- 
ted and inflamed them, finally ignited the devastating blaze of 
open rebellion. General Gage had called, in accordance with 
custom, a Congress, composed of representatives from the several 
towns, to assemble at Salem. Alarmed by the manifest symptoms 
of disorder, he hurriedly revoked his call. It was too late, the 
spirit of the hour could not be restrained. Those representatives 
of the townships, in spite of all protests, convened at Salem, Friday, 
Oct. 7, 1774, creating that first distinctively Republican Assembly, 
to be forever known as the Provincial Cons^ress. 



THE PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 



The Watertown Historical Society, in connection with its 
numerous other good works, has caused to be erected by the town 
two granite tablets of a monumental character. One of these is 
placed at the corner of Mount Auburn and Common streets, just 
inside the iron fence which encloses the cemetery. It bears upon 
its face, in letters of gold, the following inscription : 

" Here stood the Meeting House in which met the Provincial 
Congress from April 23 to July 19, 1775. Here the Great and 
General Court, or Assembly, was organized, and held its sessions 
from July 19, 1775, to Nov. 9, 1776, and from June 2 to June 33, 
1778." 

The other Memorial is placed at the head of Marshall Street, 
at its junction with Mount Auburn street, and is thus inscribed : 

" This stone marks the site of the Dwelling House in which 
General Warren slept the night before the battle of Bunker Hill." 

Four days after the First Provincial Congress convened at Sa- 
lem, and adjourned, it re-convened at Concord, Tuesday, Oct. 11, 
1774. Six days later it met at Cambridge. Again it met at Cam- 
bridge, Wednesday, Nov. 33, dissolving Saturday, Dec. 10, 1774. 

The Second Provincial Congress convened at Cambridge, 
Wednesday, Feb. i, i775) ^»d adjourned to meet at Concord, 
Tuesday, Mar. 22. April 22, three days after the British had in- 
vaded Concord, the Congress made a hasty adjournment from 
that town to Watertown, its session opening in the latter place 
April 22, 1775' ^^ 4 P M., in the town meeting house. These 
sessions continued regularly until May 39, 1775, when it dis- 
solved. 

History was making very fast, so that only two days elapsed 
before the Third Provincial Congress convened at Watertown, 
and did not dissolve until July 19, 1775. This period was doubt- 
less one of the most intense excitement for the Massachusetts 
Colony, as well as for her sister colonies. Watertown was the 
theatre in which great actors played important parts. This 
town was represented in the First Congress by Capt. Jonathan 
Brown, John Remington and .Samuel Fisk ; while in the Second 
and Third Congresses Capt. Jonathan Brown was the town's sole 
representative. 

In a Military History of Watertown there should be justly re- 
corded a brief account of the momentous doings, within its bor- 
ders, of those representative delegates from the towns comprising 
the Massachusetts Colony. It follows, somewhat in diary form : 

April 15, 1775, the Second Provincial Congress, in session at 
Concord, adjourned, intending to meet again in the same town, 




THE PROVINCIAL CONGRESS MEMORIAL. 

Tablet at the corner of Mount Auburn and Common Streets, 
Watertown. 



The P}'ovincial Congress. 5 1 

May lo. Two days later, apprehension was felt of immediate 
danger. The scattered members were recalled, to meet at Con- 
cord as speedily as possible. April 22 a short session was held 
in Concord, with Richard Devens as chairman, and John Murray 
as clerk. A letter from Mr. Qiiincy to Mr. Adams was read, the 
contents of which are not known ; after which the Congress ad- 
journed to meet at 4 p.m., of the same day, at Watertown. Im- 
mediately an order was passed, " that Mr. Watson notify the 
Committee of Safety of the time and place of adjournment, and 
request their attendance, with whatever plans they may have in 
readiness for us ; and also notify the absent members, that are in 
Cambridge, and request their attendance." It was further ordered, 
"that Mr. Sullivan, Col. Cushing, and Mr. Crane, be a committee 
to wait on the Selectmen of Watertown, and ask for liberty to use 
the Meeting House, during the session of Congress here." 

They returned, and reported that the Selectmen had readily 
granted their request. The supreme feeling of the times was 
manifested in the following action: "Ordered, that Mr. Gerry, 
Col. Cushing, Col. Barrett, Capt. Stone, Doct. Taylor, Mr. Sul- 
livan, Mr. Freeman, Mr. Watson, and Esq. Dix, be a committee 
to take depositions, in perpetuam, from which a full account of 
the transactions of the troops, under Gen. Gage, in their route to 
and from Concord, &c. be collected ; to be sent to England by the 
first ship from Salem." 

The following day, as early as 7 A.M., the session reopened. It 
was unanimously resolved, after the reading of a letter from Gen. 
Ward of New Hampshire, " that an army of 30,000 men be raised, 
and established, for the defence of the colony; that 13,600 men 
he raised immediately by this province, and that the Committee 
of Safety bring in a plan for the establishment of officers and 
men." Col. Cushing, Mr. Sullivan, Col. Whitcomb, and Mr. 
Durant, were added to the Committee of Safety: "Voted, to 
send word of this action to the New Hampshire Congress at Exe- 
ter by Mr. Sullivan ; that Major Bliss go to Connecticut, and Dea- 
con Rawson to Rhode Island, for the same purpose." 

In the afternoon, Doctor Warren was unanimously chosen 
President, and Col. Palmer was chosen Secretary pro tempore. 
Mr. Gerry read a letter from Marblehead, reporting that the 
British man-of-war Lively was in their harbor, and asking direc- 
tion and aid ; as their means of defence were inadequate. Doctor 
Warren read a letter from the Committee of Correspondence, 
stating that every preparation was making to support this province ; 
that the ardor of their people was such they could not be kept 
back, and the Colonels were to forward a part of their men at 
once ; the remainder to be ready at a moment's notice. 

Monday: "Voted, that 600 enlistment papers be printed; 
that the Committee of Supplies be empowered to impress horses 
or teams, the owners to send their accounts to said committee ; 
that the resolves for the establishment of the army be printed in 
handbills ; that a member for each county be appointed to attend 



52 



Wate7'tozvft''s Military History. 



the Committee of Safety and let them know the names of officers 
in said county belonging to the Minute Men, and such as are most 
suitable for the army now raising." 

The next day the Treasurer was asked as to the state of the 
treasury. He responded that for the year 1773, it was supposed 
about £20,000 was due^ and that he had received £5,000. 

" Ordered, that the following gentlemen be a committee to see 
the Committee of Safety : Col. Lincoln for Suffolk; Maj. Fuller 
for Essex ; Col. Prescott for Middlesex ; Col. Pomeroj' for Hamp- 
shire ; Nathan Cushing for Plymouth; Daniel Davis, Esq., for 
Barnstable; Col. Daggett for Bristol; Ichabod Goodwin, Esq., 
for York ; Joseph Mayhew, Esq., for Duke's County ; Maj. Bige- 
low for Worcester; Mr. Samuel Freeman for Cumberland ; Rev. 
John Murray for Lincoln ; Col. John Patterson for Berkshire, 
and Stephen Hussey, Esq., for Nantucket." 

Apr. 25, it was " voted that the companies in each regiment be 
reduced from 100 men to 59, including three officers, a captain 
and two subalterns ; and that each regiment be reduced to ten 
companies." In reply to a letter from Haverhill, stating that, 
owing to the late dreadful fire, together with some public distur- 
bance there, the two representatives, Nathaniel Peaslee Sargeant, 
Esq., and Jonathan Webster, were needed there, the Congress 
said : " The Congress apprehend the important business of the 
Colonies require that every town should be represented, and de- 
sires these and others should attend." 

Many memorials were received, from maritime ports, stating 
that armed vessels were hovering about; the people's means were 
exhausted ; and praying for reinforcements of men, as well as for 
supplies of arms and ammunition. 

Wednesday, April 36, it was resolved, " that William Burbeck 
is appointed engineer of the forces now being raised in this colony, 
to be paid at the rate of £150 per annum, and that from and after 
said forces shall be disbanded, during the life of said Burbeck, he 
shall be paid £97, 6s. Sd. annually." A letter to the Hon. Ben- 
jamin Franklin, Esq., at London, was read, speaking of their 
entire confidence in his faitiifulness and abilities ; their trust in 
his important agency, in this da}' of unequalled distress ; of the 
fallacious account of the recent tragedy, as sent by their enemies; 
requesting his assistance for Capt. Derby, the bearer of this pack- 
et; asking that the papers forwarded be immediately printed and 
sent through every town in England, and especially communicated 
to the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and City Council of London ; de- 
claring that, whatever price our brethren may be pleased to put 
on their constitutional liberties, the inhabitants of this country are 
inflexibly resolved to sell theirs, only at the price of their lives. 

An address to the people of Great Britain was adopted, stating 
" that hostilities were at length commenced by troops, under com- 
mand of Gen. Gage : On the night preceding April 19, a body of 
the King's troops, under the command of Col. Smith, were se- 
cretly landed at Cambridge. Inhabitants travelling peaceably on 



The Provincial Congress. 53 

the road, between Boston and Concord, were seized and abused. 
Lexington was alarmed by these means, and a company mustered 
tliere. The regulars fired on said company, killing eight, and 
woundinof several others. Then the British regulars marched to 
Concord, where a number of the provincials were fired upon, two 
killed and serveral wounded. The engagement lasted through 
the day, in which many of the provincials, an 1 more of the regu- 
lar troops, were killed and wounded. A great many houses were 
plundered, and rendered unfit for use, several being burnt. Wo- 
men and children were driven naked into the street ; old men 
were shot dead ; and such scenes exhibited as would disgrace the 
annals of tlie most uncivilized nation. 

"But these have not detached us from our royal Sovereign. 
We propose to be his loyal and dutiful subjects, and are still 
ready, with our lives, to defend his person, family, crown and 
dignity. Nevertheless, to the persecution and tyranny of his 
cruel ministry we will not tamely submit. Appealing to Heaven 
for the justice of our cause, we determine to die or be free." 

Richard Gridley, Esq., was appointed Chief Engineer of the 
force, raising in this colony for the defence of the rights, and lib- 
erties of the American continent. Salary £170 per annum, law- 
ful money; salary, after the forces are disbanded, during life of 
said Gridley, £123 per annum. 

Thus it appears, while the Colonists were still " loyal and duti- 
ful subjects " of his Majesty the King, they were not unmindful to 
provide means for the noble art of self-defence against a time of 
need. 

The Committee on Supplies was ordered to procure and dis- 
tribute "such a quantity of powder and ball as appears necessary, 
to be supplied to the eastern towns of York, Welles, Boothbay 
and Biddeford ; resolved to send four half barrels to each of these 
towns." 

Thursday, Apr. 27, Capt. Goodman was delegated to enquire 
of the Committee ot Safety whether any provision is made for a 
post, or posts, to ride from the army to Worcester. 

In Committee of Safety Capt. Derby was directed to make for 
Dublin, or any other part of Ireland, thence cross to Scotland and 
England, hasten to London, and deliver his papers to the agent 
there. " P. S., You are to keep this order secret from every per- 
son on earth." This important secret message was signed by 
"J. Warren, Chairman." 

On motion of another illustrious leader, Mr. Gerry, the Con- 
gress resolved: " Whereas, hostilities have been commenced in 
this colony, by Great Britain, and the sword may remain un- 
sheathed for a considerable time. Resolved, that committees in the 
seaport towns of Essex, use their utmost efforts to have all the 
effects of the inhabitants removed, as soon as possible, and said 
inhabitants be in readiness to go into the country, at the shortest 
notice." 

In the afternoon it was ordered "that Capt. Kingsbury, Doctor 



54 Watertowjz's Alllitary History. 

Holten, and Deacon Stone are appointed to enquire, and endeavor 
to get an exact account, concerning men killed, wounded and 
murdered in the late scene on the 19th inst." A committee was 
appointed to arrange means for supplying the treasury. 

April 28, a stirring letter was read, in reply to one received 
from New Hampshire, saying: " It is the opinion of this Con- 
gress, that a powerful army, on our side, must at once cut out 
such a work for a tyrannical administration, as, under the great 
opposition they meet in England, they cannot accomplish ; and 
their system of despotism must soon be shaken to the foundation ; 
but should they still pursue their sanguinary measures, that the 
colonies will then be able to make a successful stand." 

Saturday, Apr. 29, a committee reported in relation to the lib- 
eration of the inhabitants of Boston. A set of rules for the Con- 
gress was adopted. The Committee on Military Supplies was 
empowered to purchase every kind of military stores, provisions 
and other supplies for the use of the arm}'. 

A letter was prepared, expressing the deepest concern of this 
Congress "that Mr. Brown, a valuable friend to the cause of 
America, is betrayed into the hands of our common enemies. 
Ordered that Samuel Murray, and such other officers of Gen. 
Gage's army as are prisoners of war, be sent to Providence, to be 
made use of by Hon. Stephen Hopkins, or other friends, in ob- 
taining the liberty of Mr. Brown." Brown had been seized, with 
two others, and carried on board of a British man-of-war ship at 
Newport. 

Another letter, to Hon. Stephen Hopkins of Providence, stated 
how, since the above order was presented, word had been received, 
announcing that Gen. Gage had consented to allow the in- 
habitants of Boston to leave the place, with all their personal ef- 
fects, except firearms. The firearms were to be delivered to the 
selectmen, at Faneuil Hall, with their owner's names marked on 
them. The General expected a like permission would be given 
by Congress for colonists to move into Boston. " Should the first 
order — relating to Mr. Brown — be passed it might put a stop to 
this favorable event. P. S. Have just heard the passages from 
Boston are again blocked." 

April 29. Owing to the reduction of several regiments, from 
1000 men to 590 men, the pay of field officers was reduced one- 
fifth, pay to be as follows: Colonel, £12 per month ; Lieutenant 
Colonel, £9, I2S. ; Major, £8. A committee was appointed on 
supply of the treasury, as follows : Doctor Taylor, Col. Dexter, 
Col. Gerrish, Mr. Gill, Mr. Gerry, Capt. Stone of Framingham 
and Capt. Greenleaf. 

A letter was received by the President from John Hancock" 
who was then at Worcester, being on his way to attend the Con 
tinental Congress. He states the need of himself and Samuel 
Adams for a suitable escort, and asks: "Are our men in good 
spirits.? For God's sake do not permit the spirit to subside, until 
they have perfected the reduction of their enemies. Boston must 



The Provincial Congress. 55 

be entered. Oiu" friends are valuable, but our country must be 
saved. I have an interest in that tovi^n : What can be the enjoy- 
ment of that to me if I am obliged to hold it at the will of Gen. 
Gage or any one else?" 

A committee reported military supplies on hand as follows : In 
Cambridge, six three-pounders complete with ammunition, and 
one six-pounder ; in Watertown, sixteen pieces of artillery of dif- 
ferent sizes. The said six-pounder, and sixteen pieces, will be 
taken out of the way ; and the first mentioned six pieces will be 
used in a proper way of defence. 

April 30. A letter was sent to the Committee of Safety, request- 
ing an immediate report on the subject of removing the poor in- 
habitants of Boston. The Committee of Safety reported a resolve, 
" that any persons who incline to go into Boston with their effects, 
except firearms and ammunition, have toleration for the purpose, 
and be protected from injur3' and insult; that Doctor Taylor, Mr. 
Bailey, Mr. Lothrop, Mr. Holmes^nd Col. Farley be a committee 
to see what steps are necessary for assisting the poor of Boston in 
moving with their effects. 

Monday, May i. A form of commission for the officers of the 
Colonial Army was accepted, and it was voted to have 1000 copies 
printed. Report of committee appointed April 30: ''Whereas, 
it is reported that about 5000 of said inhabitants of Boston are in- 
digent. Resolved, that the good people of this Colony, and espe- 
cially the Selectmen and Committee of Correspondence, aid and 
assist said inhabitants with teams, etc. ; and that the Selectmen 
of the several towns provide for such persons in the best and most 
prudent way, until this, or some future. Congress shall take action 
thereon. Resolved, that these shall not be considered as the poor 
of said towns. Total estimated number, 4903 : allotted to Suffolk 
County, 215; Middlesex, 1016; Plymouth, 115; Bristol, 588; 
Berkshire, 314 ; Hampshire, 78S ; Worcester, 539." 

Ordered, that the Committee on Supplies be directed to deliver 
to William Reed, Esq., one barrel of pork, for the use of Joseph 
Loring, Joseph Loring, Jr., Widow Milliken and Joseph Pond. 
A committee, consisting of Mr. Hollock, Col. Howe, and Capt. 
White, was appointed to furnish the army with its present neces- 
saries. 

Tuesday, May 2. Col. Warren was chosen President pro 
tempore. 

[Note. The loss sustained by Deacon Joseph Loring was esti- 
mated at JC720 ; of Widow Milliken £431, including buildings, 
household furniture and wearing apparel. The house of Deacon 
Loring was near the spot where the brigade of Lord Percy joined 
the retreating detachment under Lieut. -Col. Smith, and is stated 
by him to have been the first one destroyed by the troops in Lex- 
ington, April 19.] 

"Doctor Warren presents his respects to Congress and accepts 
the Presidency." A committee was appointed to draw up a form 
of oath for the soldiers and officers. A letter to the delegates of 



56 WaiertoTvn's Military History. 

this Congress at Connecticut was prepared, saying: "We appre- 
hend that things are now reduced to such a state nothing but an 
immediate recourse to arms can possibly prevent our destruction, 
and a recourse to any other method is, at best, nugatory and vain." 
This letter was presented because of a letter sent from Jonathan 
Trumbull to Gen. Gage, which Doctor Samuel Johnson and Col. 
Oliver Wolcott were commissioned to deliver, asking if there was 
any way to prevent this unhappy dispute from coming to extremi- 
ties. Gen. Gage replied, stating that "the King and Parliament 
seem to hold out terms of reconciliation consistent with the honor 
and interests of Great Britian, and the rights and privileges of the 
Colonies." 

May 3. Another prominent figure on the military checker- 
board now comes into view, an officer, at first respected and hon- 
ered with high command, who, nevertheless, was destined to end 
his career in dishonor. 

The Committee of Safety was directed to furnish Col. Benedict 
Arnold with 10 horses, 200 pounds of gunpowder, 200 pounds of 
lead balls, and 1000 flints, at the expense of the Colony ; and also 
i£iOO in lawful money. 1 

Resolved, '' Ihat the Receiver General be empowered to borrow \] 

£100,000, and issue Colony securities for the same, payable, with 
annual interest at six per cent., June i, 1777 ; and that the Con- 
tinental Congress be desired to recommend to the several Colonies 
to give currency to said securities. The payment on notes is to 
be in Spanish milled dollars, at 6 shillings each ; or in the several 
species of coined silver and gold, as per English Act, notes to be 
not less than £4 each ; each soldier to be allowed 20 shillings in 
advance." Hon. Samuel Dexter, Esq., Doct. Joseph Warren, 
and Mr. Moses Gill, were made a committee to procure a copper 
plate for printing the Colony notes. 

A letter to the Continental Congress at Philadelphia was read 
and ordered to be forwarded. The letter expressed the deepest 
concern for this country, and asked direction and assistance. It 
stated what had been done in raising troops and money, and said 
that the raising of a powerful army, on the part of America, was 
the only means of stemming the rapid progress of a tyrannical min- 
istry. 

A resolve was adopted, recommending that an application be 
sent to Gen. Gage, signed by wives or nearest relatives of prison- 
ers, desiring he would discharge their friends from imprisonment. 

Friday, May 5. A vote was reconsidered, which had been 
passed at Concord, Apr. i, urging that writs, calling for a General 
Assembly the last Wednesday in May, be obeyed ; stating that 
Gen. Gage hath utterly disqualified himself to serve the Colony 
as Governor ; appointing Mr. Gardner, Col. Dwight and Col. 
Warren a committee to bring in a resolve, recommending the seve- 
ral towns to choose delegates to a new Provincial Congress, to be 
held the last Wednesday in May. A letter was adopted, to the 
Governor and Company of Connecticut, stating that the most in- 






The Provhzcial Congress. 57 

contestible evidence proved the King's troops first fired upon and 
killed several Colonists, before injury was done to them ; that the 
experience we have had of Gen. Gage convinces us but little 
dependence can he placed on his professions, as it is evidently the 
business of the General to subjugate these Colonies. 

A letter was sent to Gen. Artemas Ward, requesting him to 
examine into the cause of the obstruction to the liberation of our 
friends in Boston ; a copy to be sent to the Selectmen of Boston. 
A resolve was adopted, calling for delegates to a Provincial Con- 
gress, to convene in the meeting house, at Watertown, May 31. 

[Note. — Gen. Jonathan Trumbull of Hartford, Conn., replied, 
May 4, in behalf of Connecticut ; saying : '' You need not fear for 
our firmness, deliberation and unanimity, and purpose lo act in 
unison and concert with our sister Colonists."] 

The Committee on Supplies was empowered to procure powder 
in the other Colonies ; also other military stores. Gen. John Whit- 
comb and Col. Benjamin Lincoln were appointed as Muster Mas- 
ters in the Massachusetts army, with orders to accept only able- 
bodied men. The pay of a train band of 46 men, including offi- 
cers, was fixed as follows : 

One Captain - - - - £6, los. per month. 

Two Lieutenants - - - 

One Fire Worker - - - 

Four Sergeants, each. 

Four Corporals " - - 

Thirty-two Matrosses, each, - 

One Drummer . _ _ 

One Fifer - - - - 

An order was passed, "to disarm all persons who will not 
give assurance of their good intentions ; to oblige all, who are 
liable by law, to appear, when properly called by their officers." 

A letter was approved, to the Selectmen of Hopkinton, sug- 
gesting extreme caution towards those who chose to leave the 
colony for Philadelphia. " A violation of the natural right of the 
individual to remove his person and effects wherever he pleases 
would ill become those who are contending for the inalienable 
right of every man to his own property, and to dispose of it as he 
pleases." 

A motion was lost, restraining people of this Colony from sup- 
plying Boston with provisions. A committee was appointed to 
refute a false account, which stated that when Capt. Parsons re- 
turned with three companies over the bridge, at Concoi"d, they 
observed three soldiers on the ground, one scalped, his head 
mangled, and ears cut oflT, although he was not quite dead. 

Ordered, that Selectmen supply enlisted men with arms, and 
that twenty Armorers be appointed to repair the many arms, un- 
fit for service. 

Ordered, that the Committee of Safety be directed to consider 
the propriety of removing the whole, or part, of the cannon and 



6, 


I OS 


4. 


10 


3» 


10 


2, 


10 


2, 


6 


2, 


3 


2, 


6 


2, 


6 



58 Watertoxvn's Military History. 

stores from Cambridge, further back into the country; that the 
general officers be directed to call in all soldiers who are already 
enlisted, and all in camp at Cambridge and Roxbury, so they 
will not depart until further orders of this Congress ; also direc- 
tions were given for preserving the straw, needed in large quanti- 
ties, for the army. 

A remonstrance to Gen. Gage was adopted, asking him to 
remove all obstructions suffered by the inhabitants of Boston, who 
have to contend with numerous delays and embarrassments in 
removing from that town. Resolved, that ten companies of train 
be formed for the artillery, and enter immediately on constant 
discipline. 

A letter was sent to the Committee of Correspondence of New 
York, stating that two men of war, with three or four companies 
of troops on board, had sailed from Boston to New York. Or- 
dered, that Capt. Stone, Col. Warren and Mr. Sullivan be a com- 
mittee to consider the raisingof one or two companies of Indians. 

Afternoon of May 12. A committee reported in favor of the 
appointment of another committee, which should make an appli- 
cation to the Continental Congress to secure the right, on the part 
of this Colony, to take up, and exercise the powers of civil gov- 
ernment. The action regarding companies of train was reconsid- 
ered, and the pay for ten companies of Matrosses, fixed as follows : 

Captain, 
Capt. Lieut, 
First " 

Two2"'i" each. 

Sergeants, " 

Corporals, " 

Six Bombardiers, " 

Six Gunners, " 
Thirty-two Matrosses," 

A third set of depositions for April 19 was ordered. Resolved, 
" that post riders be immediately established, to go from Cam- 
bridge to the various towns, that post offices be kept and post- 
masters appointed. Rates for mail sent by these post riders were 
fixed as follows : Not exceeding 60 miles, 5^ pence ; 100 miles, 
8 pence ; 200 miles, io| pence; 300 miles, i shilling 1 pence; 
400 miles, I shilling 4 pence; 500 miles, i shilling, 6| pence; 
600 miles, I shilling, 9 pence; 700 miles, 2 shillings; 800 miles, 
2 shillings, 2^ pence ; 900 miles, 2 shillings, 5 pence ; 1000 miles, 
2 shillings, 8 pence." 

Above rates were for single letters, to be doubled for double let- 
ters and trebled for treble letters, and for every ounce in weight 
to be four times as much as for single letters. These charges 
were to remain in force until changed by the Continental Con- 
gress, by this Congress, or by the House of Representatives of 
this Colony. 



£6. 


10 s 





5- 


10 





4- 


10 





3- 


12 





2. 


10 





2. 


6 





2. 


4 


6 


2. 


4 





2. 


3 






The Provincial Congress. 59 

[Note. — A letter book of Gov. Hutchinson was found in the 
attic of his country seat at Milton. One letter was suppressed, as 
it had nota favorable bearing upon the stanch patriotism of Mr. 
Hancock. The book is now in the Massachusetts State Archives. 1 
A letter was approved, to the eastern tribe of Indians, stating 
the great wickedness of Great Britian, asking for their aid, and 
saying that a blanket, a ribbon, and pay when away on service 
would be given to each. " We will do what we can for you, and 
fight to save you. We have sent Capt. John Lane to you, and 
he will show orders for raising one company of your men." 

Resolved, that no person shall be permitted to move his goods 
out of the Colony [to Nova Scotia or elsewhere], unless he shall 
obtain the permission of the Committee on Correspondence of the 
town he belongs to, or of the Selectmen. Resolved, that Con- 
gress approves the action of the Selectmen of Falmouth in send- 
ing reports that the Canadians are likely to attack their frontier, 
and recommending said Selectmen to transmit further intelligence 
with all convenient speed. Hon. Joseph Gerrish, Esq., and Col. 
Ebenezer Sawyer, were chosen as delegates to the Congress in the 
province of New Hampshire. 

Tuesday, May i6. Resolved, that Doct. Church go to Phila- 
delphia with the following application to the Continental Con- 
gress : "May it please your Honors: That system of Colony 
administration which, in the most firm, dutiful and loyal manner 
has been in vain remonstrated against, seems still to threaten ruin 
and destruction to this Continent. The principle of self-defence, 
roused in the breasts of freemen by the dread of impending slavery, 
caused to be collected the wisdom of America, in a Congress, 
composed of men, who, through time, must in every land of free- 
dom be revered, amongst the most faithful asserters of the essen- 
tial rights of human nature. We have declined, though urged 
thereto by the most pressing necessity, to assume the reins of civil 
government. But, as the sword should, in all free states, be sub- 
servient to the civil powers, we humbly hope you will favor us 
with your most explicit advice, respecting the taking up and ex- 
ercising the powers of civil government, which we think abso- 
lutely necessary for the salvation of our country. We suggest you 
take the regulation and general direction of the army." 

Resolved, that Hon. Joseph Gerrish, Esq., and Col. Ebenezer 
Sawyer, a committee to New Hampshire, be empowered to in- 
duce said Congress to raise their proportion of men to defend the 
Colonies. Doct. Benjamin Church was chosen as a delegate to 
Philadelphia. 

Resolved, that men be enlisted for the artillery force from the 
several regiments already engaged, so as to have men well quali- 
fied for service. 

Wednesday, May 17. A letter from Edward Mott to this Con- 
gress, dated May ir, 1775, was read giving an account of the 
taking of Ticonderoga, together with a letter from Ethan Allen. 
A form of oath for the officers was adopted. A resolve and let- 



6o Watertown's Military History. 

ter were accepted, presenting congratulations on the reduction of 
the important fortress of Ticonderoga ; also asking if a battery of 
cannon, especially brass cannon, can be spared from that fortress, 
or procured from Crown Point ; suggesting that Col. Arnold take 
charge of and bring them down with all possible haste, Ethan 
Allen to remain in charge of the fort. 

Resolved, that Lady Frankland, wife of Sir Henry Frankland, 
who had extensive estates in Hopkinton, be permitted to go to 
Boston with seven trunks, all beds and furniture, all the boxes and 
crates, a basket of chickens and a bag of corn, two barrels and a 
hamper, two horses and two chaises, and all the articles in chaises, 
excepting arms and ammunition ; one phaeton, some tongues, 
ham and veal, together with sundry small bundles, as examined. 

[Note. — Notwithstanding this permission, some excitement 
arose at her departure. An armed party arrested her journey, 
and detained her person and effects, until the action of Congress 
freed her and her companions from captivity.] 

Friday, May 19. Col. Bond and a guard of six men were di- 
rected to escort Lady Frankland to Boston. 

The following were appointed as the Committee of Safety : 
Hon. John Hancock, Esq., Doct. Joseph Warren, Doct. Benja- 
min Church, Capt. Benjamin White, Col. Joseph Palmer, Mr. 
Richard Devens, Mr. Abraham Watson, Mr. John Pigeon, Col. 
Azor Orne, Hon. Benjamin Greenleaf, Esq., Mr. Nathan Cush- 
ing, Doct. Samuel Helton, and Hon. Enoch Freeman, Esq. 
This committee was empowered to assemble, dispose and dis- 
charge the militia and direct the army. Mr. John Pigeon was 
appointed a Commissary for the army. 

The Commission for Gen. Ward was accepted, as follows: 
"We, reposing trust and confidence in your courage and good 
conduct, do, by these presents, appoint you, the said Artemas 
Ward, to be General and Commander-in-Chief of all the forces 
raised by the Congress aforesaid, for the defence of this and the 
other American Colonies." 

Col. Foster, Capt. Stone and Mr. Webster, a committee ap- 
pointed to get depositions and a narrative of the late excursion of 
the King's troops to Concord, were directed to have these printed 
in pamphlet form, and a copy sent to every town and district. 

A report was received from the committee appointed, relating 
to the removal of people from Boston, and was accepted. It 
stated that only a small proportion of said inhabitants had been 
permitted to remove, and those only to bring their clothing and 
household furniture. Resolved, " that Gen. Ward be directed to 
order the guards in future not to suffer anything, except furniture 
and clothing, to be carried into Boston, until Ge.\\ Gage takes a 
different course of action, in accordance with his plighted faith." 

Resolved, " that each soldier and non-commissioned officer shall 
receive 40 shillings advance pay, instead of 20 shillings ; that, for 
the payment of advance pay to the Massachusetts army, there be 



The Provincial Congress. 6i 

issued notes not exceeding £26000." A report was accepted, re- 
questing ministers of tlie several denominations, to the number of 
13, to attend the army, in their turns. Various commissions 
were granted to officers, only Colonels of the regiments to attend 
Congress for this purpose. 

Saturday, May 20. Congress met at 4 o'clock, and adjourned 
until 8 o'clock the next day. 

[From this time until the dissolving of this Congress no journal 
of its proceedings has been preserved. From the papers on file, 
and copies of resolves certified to be correct by Secretary Free- 
man, the record of the final eight days is imperfectly made up.] 

The important doings of Monday, Ma 22, are sketched as be- 
low: A committee reported the inhabitants of Deer Island to be 
greatly in want of provisions, but whether it was better to send 
them supplies, or to remove the people, was submitted for deci- 
sion to Congress. 

Resolved, that " those persons guilty of acting in conjunction 
with Gov. Hutchinson, are guilty of such atrocious crimes that 
every friend of mankind ought to forsake and detest them, until 
they shall give evidence of a sincere repentance, by actions worthy 
of men and Christians, and that no person within this province 
shall take any deed, lease, or conveyance, whatever of the lands, 
houses, or estates of such persons." 

A letter from Gen. Ward recommends procuring the following 
ordnance: 30 twenty-four pounders, 10 twelve-pounders, iS nine- 
pounders, 21,600 pounds of powder, 80 balls for each gun, 1500 
stands of arms, 20,000 pounds of musket powder, 40,000 pounds 
of lead, and 1700 iron pots. 

A letter was approved, to be sent to Col. Arnold, applauding 
the conduct of the troops, and thanking him for his exertions in 
the cause. 

May 29, 1775, the Second Provincial Congress was dissolved. 



THIRD PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 



At a Congress of delegates from the several towns and districts 
in the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, begun and held at the Meet- 
ing House in Watertown, the 31^* of May, 1775, Mr. Samuel 
Freeman was chosen Clerk, and Hon. Joseph Warren, Esq., 
President. 

June I, a convention of the ministers was held in the said Meet- 
ing House, at which they proffered their services as chaplains in 
the army. Congress, in a letter to Benedict Arnold, stated that 
" they are sorry to meet with repeated requests from you that 
some gentleman be sent to succeed you in command. They assure 
you they place the greatest confidence in your fidelity, knowledge, 
courage and good conduct; and they desire you, at present, to 
dismiss the thoughts of quitting your important command at Ti- 
conderoga. Crown Point, Lake Champlain, etc., and you are 
hereby requested to continue your command over the forces raised 
in this colony." He was advised that 1000 men had been ordered 
to march at once to his assistance. 

It was ordered, that the officers of Col. Gardner's regiment be 
commissioned, agreeably to the list by him submitted. This was 
the regiment with which was connected the Watertown company 
that served at Lexington. 

June 3, it was resolved that, in view of the depredation of Gen. 
Gage, all persons occupying the islands or coasts of this province 
be advised to remove their hay, cattle, horses, sheep, etc., so far 
into the country, or otherwise dispose of them, that they " may 
be out of the wa}' of our implacable enemies." 

The payment of the colony forces occasioned concern. The 
offer of Mr. Becket of Salem to lend £500 for this purpose was 
gratefully accepted. Mr. Paul Revere was directed to stamp the 
notes for the soldiers, "all the ensuing night, if he can, and to 
finish them with the greatest possible dispatch." 

Ascertain sorrel horse," that was taken by the guards at 
Roxbury from an officer of Gen. Gage's troops, Apr. 20, was ap- 
pointed for the use of the Rev. Mr. Emerson of Concord. Four 
prisoners, brought to thiis Congress by Sergt. John Parker, were 
committed to the custody of the guard which had charge of the 
public stores in Watertown. 

Tuesday, June 6, there was a lively hearing before Congress, 
in relation to charges made against Col. Brewer ; after a long and 
full debate, his commission, as Colonel of a regiment in the Mas- 
sachusetts army, was refused by a vote of 80 to 70. Whereupon, 
Mr. Edwards, at the door of the Meeting House, exclaimed : " By 
God ! if this province is to be governed in this manner, it is time 




HOME OF THE PROVINCIAL CONGRESS IN 1775. 

First Parish Church, Watertovvn. 
Drawn by Charles Brigham, Architect, from description. 



Third Provincial Congress. 63 

for us to look out, and 'tis all owing to the Committee of Safety, 
a pack of sappy-headed fellows. I know three of them myself." 
Mr. Edwards was the next day called before Congress and "ad- 
monished." 

A resolve was accepted, and ordered to be printed in the 
" Cambridge, VVatertown and Worcester papers," making further 
provisions for the removal of the poor from Boston, and their 
subsequent care and support. 

A letter was approved, to be sent to the Moheakounuck tribe 
of Indians, living in and around Stockbridge, in part as follows: 
" Brothers: You say that you were once great, but that you are 
now little ; and that we were once little, but are now great. The 
Supreme Spirit orders these things. Whether we are little or 
great, let us keep the path of friendship clear, which our fathers 
made, and in which we have both traveled to this time. Though 
you are small, you are wise ; use your wisdon to help us." 

Each soldier was allowed the following, per day : One pound 
of bread, half a pound of beef and half a pound of pork, and, if 
pork cannot be had, one pound and one quarter of beef; and one 
day in seven they shall have one pound and one quarter of fish, 
instead of a day's allowance of meat ; one pint of milk, or if milk 
cannot be had, one gill of rice ; one quart of good spruce or malt 
beer ; one gill of beans, or other sauce equivalent ; six ounces of 
butter per week ; one pound of common soap for six men per 
week ; half a pint of vinegar per week per man, if it can be had. 

In a letter to the Continental Congress, attention is called to 
the distressed condition of the Colony, and the need of a civil 
government to maintain order and preserve property : " The 
army under command ofGen. Gagewe estimate to amount at 
least to 5000 men, well appointed, under the command of gene- 
rals of character and experience, and prepared with everything 
necessary for action ; exclusive of the additional strength derived 
from negroes, which the general has taken into his service, and 
disaflected Americans. We have great reason to apprehend that 
a reinforcement of at least eight companies of foot and one of 
horse may be hourly expected. As the seat of war, with all its 
distresses has, for the present, taken its principal residence here, 
we should consider it a happy event, if you should think proper 
to adjourn to some part of the continent not far distant; that the 
advice and aid of the Continental Congress may be more expedi- 
tiously furnished upon any emergency." 

Walter Spooner, Jedediah Foster and James Sullivan, Esqs., 
were appointed a committee, and directed to proceed to Ticonder- 
oga and Crown Point, to inform themselves in what manner Col 
Benedict Arnold had executed his commission and instructions. 
"And in case you shall judge it proper to discharge said Arnold, 
that you direct him to return to this Colony and render his ac- 
count." 

Col. Warren, Col. Palmer, Mr. Seaver and Doct. Taylor were 
appointed a committee to consider the subject matter of an extra- 
ordinary proclamation just issued by Gen. Gage. 



64 Watertown^s Alilitary History. 

In this proclamation, Gen. Gajje recounts the events which had 
of late transpired, refers to the Colonists as rebels who have added 
insult to outrage, and publishes and declares the establishment 
of martial law throughout the province. 

Thursday, June 15, it was resolved " that the library, appara- 
tus and other valuables of Harvard College be removed, as soon 
as may be, to Andover." It was ordered, that the various towns 
collect firearms, and that arrangements be made for establishing 
a camp at Cambridge. 

Friday, June 16, Cols. Jonathan Brewer, and David Brewer, 
and Col. Glover were sworn and commissioned. 

A committee on the violation of the Sabbath reported : "Among 
the prevailing sins of this day we have reason to lament the fre- 
quent profanation of the Lord's Day, or the Christian Sabbath, 
many spending their time in idleness or sloth, others in diversions, 
and others in journeying or business which is not necessary on 
said day." Ministers were asked to use their influence to dis- 
countenance such profanation, and officers were advised to strictly 
require of their soldiers to keep up a religious regard for the day. 

The committee appointed therefor made a vigorous reply to 
the recent proclamation of Gen. Gage. " And we trust that the 
God of armies, on whom we rely for a blessing upon our arms, 
which we have taken up in support of the great and fundamental 
principles of natural justice, and the common and indefeasible 
rights of mankind, will guide and direct us in our designs; and at 
last, in infinite goodness to this his injured people, restore peace 
and freedom to the American world." 

On the afternoon of Wednesday, June 14, Doct. Joseph War- 
ren was chosen as second Major-General, the Hon. John Whit- 
comb, Esq., having been chosen as first Major-General of the 
Massachusetts army. Three days later General W^arren rode 
from Watertown on horseback to Cambridge and thence to Bun- 
ker Hill, where he was killed in the terrible encounter between 
the Colonists and British troops. The intense excitement caused 
by this battle was reflected in tlie doings of the Provincial Congress, 
which held an important session, Sunday, June iS. The first 
action was the adoption of a resolve, that the records and papers 
ot Congress be secured and taken care of at the direction of the 
secretary. 

A committee was appointed to prepare a letter to the Conti- 
nental Congress, in relation to the late attack. The Committee 
on Supplies was asked what steps had been taken to procure 
powder from the other governments of New England. Other 
committees were appointed to provide supplies tor the soldiers, 
and to care for the sick and wounded. 

Hon. James Warren was chosen President of the Congress 
" in room of the Hon. Joseph Warren, Esq., supposed to be 
killed in the late battle of Bunker Hill." In a letter to the Con- 
tinental Congress, it was stated that about 1200 Colonists took 
possession of posts in Charlestown and Dorchester, June 16. "The 



I 



Third Provincial Congress, 65 

British man-of-war Lively, and other vessels, opened fire upon 
them at daylight, Saturday, June 17. About 2 p.m. the British 
troops landed and attacked them, but were twice repulsed. At 5 
o'clock the British had gained possession of the posts within the 
isthmus, and Charlestown was being destroyed by fire. The 
number of Colonists killed, or missing, was estimated at 60 or 70. 
Our most worthy friend and president, Doct. Warren, lately 
elected a major-general, is one of them. This loss we feel most 
sensibly. The loss of the British was said to be 1000." 

The subsequent acts of this Provincial Congress related to ac- 
tive preparations for the Colony's defence. Yet the religious 
spirit of the times was manifest in the appointment of Thursday, 
July 13, to be observed throughout the Colony as a day of fasting 
and prayer. 



GENERAL WASHINGTON IN WATERTOWN. 



June 26. — Doct. Benjamin Church and Mr. Moses Gill were 
appointed as a committee on behalf of Congress, "to repair to 
Springfield, there to receive Gens. Washington and Lee, with 
every mark of respect due to their exalted stations ; to provide 
escorts for them from thence, to the army before Boston, and the 
house provided for their reception at Cambridge ; and to make 
suitable provision for them in the manner following, viz. : by a 
number of gentlemen from the Colony from Springfield to Brook- 
field ; and by another company raised in that neighborhood, 
from thence to Worcester ; and by another company provided 
from thence to Marlborough ; and from thence, by the troop of 
horse in that place, to the army aforesaid : And to make suitable 
provision for tlieir company at the several stages on the road, and 
to receive the bills of expense at the several inns, where it may be 
convenient for them to stop for refreshment, to examine them, 
and make report of the several sums expended at each of them, 
for that purpose, that orders may be taken by the Congress for 
the payment of them ; and all innkeepers are hereby directed to 
make provision agreeably to the requests made by the said com- 
mittee ; and that Gen. Ward be notified of the appointment of 
Gen. Washington as Commander-in-chief of the American forces, 
and of the expectation we have, of his speedy arrival with Major- 
Gen. Lee, that he, with the generals of the forces of the other 
Colonies, may give such orders for their honorable reception, as 
may accord with tlie rules and circumstances of the army, and the 
respect due to their rank, without, however, any expense of pow- 
der, and without taking the troops oft' from the necessary attention 
to their duty, at this crisis of our afiairs. 

" That the president's house in Cambridge [the Craigie house, 
afterwards the Longfellow residence], excepting one room re- 
served by the president for his own use, be taken, cleared, pre- 
pared and furnished, for the reception of Gen. Washington and 
Gen. Lee." 

General Washington having been duly received and escorted 
to Watertown was greeted, July 3, with the following address, 
approved by Congress, July i, 1775 ■' 

" To His Excellency George Washington, Esq., general and 
commander-in-chief of the Continental Army: 

Mav it please your excellency — The Congress of Massachusetts 
Colony, impressed with every sentiment of gratitude and respect, 
beg leave to congratulate you on your safe arrival, and to wish 
you all imaginable happiness and success in the execution of your 
elevated station. 



General Washington in Watertonvn. 67 

While we applaud that attention to the public good manifested 
in your appointment, we equally admire that disinterested virtue, 
and distinguished patriotism, which alone could call you from 
those enjoyments of domestic life, which a sublime and manly 
taste, joined wtth a most affluent fortune can afford; to hazard 
your life, and to endure the fatigues of war, in the defence of the 
rights of mankind and the good of your country. 

The laudable zeal for the common cause of America, and com- 
passion for the distresses of the Colony, exhibited by the great 
despatch made in your journey hither, fully justify the universal 
satisfaction we have with pleasure observed on this occasion ; and 
are promising presages, that the great expectations formed from 
your personal character, and military abilities, are well founded. 

We wish you may have found such regularity and discipline 
already established in the army, as may be agreeable to your ex- 
pectations. The hurry with which it was necessarily collected, 
and the many disadvantages, arising from a suspension of govern- 
ment, under which we have raised and endeavored to regulate 
the forces of this Colony, have rendered it a work of time; and 
though, in great measure effected, the completion of so difficult, 
and at the same time so necessary a task, is reserved to your ex- 
cellency, and we doubt not will be properly considered and at- 
tended to. 

We would not presume to prescribe to your excellency, but 
supposing you would choose to be informed of the general charac- 
ter of the soldiers who compose the army, beg leave to represent, 
that the greater part of them have not before seen service ; and 
though naturally brave, and of good understanding, yet, for want 
of experience in military life, have but little knowledge of divers 
things most essential to the preservation of health and even life. 
The youth of the army are not possessed of the absolute necessity 
of cleanliness in their dress and lodging, continual exercise and 
strict temperance, to preserve them from diseases frequently pre- 
vailing in camps, especially among those, who, from their child- 
hood, have been used to a laborious life. 

We beg leave to assure you, that this Congress will, at all times, 
be ready to attend to such requisitions as you may have occasion 
to make to us ; and to contribute all the aid in our power to the 
cause of America, and your happiness and ease in the discharge 
of the duties of your exalted office. 

We most fervently implore Almighty God, that the blessings of 
Divine Providence may rest on you ; that your head may be 
covered in the day of battle ; that every necessary assistance may 
be afforded, and that you may be long continued, in life and 
health, a blessing to mankind." 

Gen. Washington responded as follows: 

" Gentlemen: — Your kind congratulations on my appointment 
and arrival, demand my warmest acknowledgments, and will ever 
be retained in grateful remembrance. 



68 



Water town'' s Military History. 



In exchanging the enjoyments of domestic life for the duties of 
my present honorable, but arduous station, I only emulate the 
virtue, and public spirit of the wliole province of the Massachusetts 
Bay, which, with a firmness and patriotism without example in 
modern history, has sacrificed all the comforts of social and po- 
litical life in support of the rights of mankind, and the welfare of 
our common country. My highest ambition is, to be the happy 
instrument of vindicating those rights, and to see this devoted 
province again restored to peace, liberty and safety. 

The short space of time which has elapsed since my arrival, 
does not permit me to decide upon the state of the army. The 
course of human affairs forbids an expectation, that troops formed 
under such circumstances, should, at once, possess the order, reg- 
ularity, and discipline of veterans. Whatever deficiencies there 
may be, will I doubt not, soon be made up by the activity and 
zeal of the officers, and the docility and obedience of the men. 
These qualities, united with their native bravery and spirit, will 
afford a happy presage of success, and put a final period to those 
distresses which now overwhelm this once happy country. 

I most sincely thank you, gentlemen, for your declaration of 
readiness, at all times, to assist me in the discharge of the duties 
of my station. They are so complicated and extended that I 
shall need the assistance of every good man and lover of his coun- 
try ; I therefore repose the utmost confidence in your aid. In 
return for your affectionate wishes to myself, permit me to say, 
that I earnestly implore that Divine Being, in whose hands are 
all human events, to make vou and your constituents, as distin- 
guislied in private and public happiness, as you have been by 
ministerial oppression, by private and public distress." 

An address of welcome and congratulation presented to Major- 
Gen. Charles Lee, was replied to by him in the following man- 
ner : 

'' To the Gentlemen of the Piovincial Congress of Massachusetts : 
Gentlemen : — Nothing can be so flattering to me, as tiie good 
opinion and approbation of the delegates of a free and uncorrupted 
people. I was educated in the highest reverance for the rights of 
mankind, and have acquired, b}' long acquaintance, a most par- 
ticular regard for the people of America. You may depend, 
therefore, gentlemen, on my zeal and integrity ; I can promise 
nothing for my abilities. God Almighty grant us success equal 
to the righteousness of the cause. I thank you, gentlemen, for 
an address which does me so much honor, and shall labor to 
deserve it." 

During the closing days of the session of Congress, orders were 
passed, providing 13,000 coats for the army ; for placing the 
stores of powder in school houses and elsewhere in Watertown ; 
and impressing the saw mill belonging to Mr. John Cook, in 
Watertown, into the public service. 



General Washington in Watertown. 69 

The receiver-general was directed to pay the modest bill " of 
JE28. 5s. and lod. for escorting and entertaining Gens. Washington 
and Lee from Springfield to Cambridge." Wednesday, July 19, 
1775, the Provincial Congress was forever dissolved. Its labors 
have been freely sketched in this book to show how within the 
town of Watertown these Massachusetts delegates had vigorously 
acted, almost alone, in preparing means of defence against the 
forces of King George. It had concluded its distinctively local 
and provincial work. Now, under the direction of a greater cen- 
tral authority, the Continental Congress, it continued to put forth 
its best efforts for the common good, but assumed a new name, 
which has since been retained in honor and respect, that of "The 
Great and General Court of Massachusetts." 

In the old meeting house at Watertown, as the granite memo- 
rial relates, this Great and General Court was organized, July 19, 
1775? 3nd here it continued to hold its sessions until Nov. 9, 177^' 
when it removed to Boston. Again, in 1778, it met here from 
June 2 to June 23, owing to a small pox scare in Boston at that 
time. 

In Watertown were decided the important measures for carry- 
ing on the war. Here, the following year, the General Court 
unflinchingly supported the Continental Congress in its Declara- 
tion of Independence, as adopted July 4, 1776. But in the midst 
of this glory there came a day of shame for one of those delegates 
who had stood high in the council of the Colony. Nov. 7? '775' 
the meeting house witnessed an unwonted scene, when Dr. Ben- 
jamin Church was tried, convicted and publicly branded as a trai- 
tor to his country. He had served the Provincial Congress on 
important committees, including the one which received General 
Washington at Springfield, when on his way to take command of 
the army at Cambridge. He was later discovered to be in secret 
correspondence with the British, and one of his letters was inter- 
cepted. He was sentenced to Norwich, Conn., jail, where he 
remained confined until the following spring. Owing to his ill- 
health he was then released from prison, ordered to be transported 
for life, and was placed on board of a ship bound for the West 
Indies. It is supposed the vessel and its occupants went to the 
bottom of the ocean, as there were no further tidings of them 
received. 



THE MARSHALL FOWLE HOUSE. 



Next in historic importance to the old meeting house, in which 
the sessions of the Provincial Congress and its worthy successor, 
the Great and General Court, were held, is the Marshall Fowle 
House, wherein the Provincial Council transacted its business of 
state. This Council was chosen by the deputies under special 
authority given, June 9, 1775, by the Continental Congress, to 
assume those duties that had previously been performed by the 
royal governor and lieutenant governor. 

From a paper read by Dr. Bennett F. Davenport, now president of 
the Watertown Historical Society, eleven years ago, before that So- 
ciety, are gleaned the following facts: " On July 21, 1775, the 205 
deputies, who met in the meeting house at Watertown and organized 
the General Court, chose 28 Councillors, of whom 14 attended the 
meeting of the board the 26*^'', and 17 on the 27'''. On the 28'^'' 
the house passed a preamble and resolve, to the effect that the 
governor and lieutenant governor having absented themselves and 
refused to govern the province according to the charter, therefore, 
until they return to their duty, or some governor shall be ap- 
pointed to govern the province according to the charter, the house 
will recognize the Council, or major part of them, as governor, 
and will acquiesce in their doings as such. The new governinent 
then organized — the legislative board of the Council, commonly 
called the General Court Board, beginning on July 26 — held sway 
without any other executive head than the Council, until the 
adoption of the Constitution, in 1780. 

" Upon July 21, 1775, ' a committee was appointed to provide 
some convenient place for the Council to sit in.' It reported the 
next day ' that a large chamber in the house of Mr. Fowle might 
be procured, but, it being unfinished, the Committee recommended 
that there be a rough floor laid, and chairs provided for that pur- 
pose.' The report was accepted, and a committee appointed to 
prepare said chamber. From the records the Honorable Council 
appear to have continued to occupy this chamber in the Marshall 
Fowle house so long as the assembly met in the meeting house at 
Watertown." 

This building is supposed to have been built by Edmund Fowle, 
in 1765. It was originally located a short distance back from 
Mount Auburn street, and was removed to its present site, on the 
westerly side of Marshall street, in order that the latter street 
might be cut through. Once it was a single homestead back of 
which were ample grounds, with garden, orchard and farm land, 
extending back to Spring street, in all about 3^ acres, and Edmund 
Fowle was, in 1775, assessed for £47, making him appear as an 



The Marshall Fowle House. *Ji 

important property holder among his fellow townsmen in those 
days of low valuations. It passed into the possession of his son, 
Marshall Fowle, and is known by his son's name. As the latter 
had no children, his sister, Mrs. Bradley, became owner of the 
house. Later, William Russell bought the estate, and he sold it, 
in 1S71, June 22, to Charles Brigham, the present owner, who, 
with his partner, Mr. Sturgis, moved back the dwelling, built the 
street, and divided and sold land in small house lots. The house 
was changed so as to provide accommodations for two families, a 
side porch and new front dormers being added, the great central 
chimney removed, and various other alterations made. 

The memorial stone at the junction of Mount Auburn and Mar- 
shall streets, states that Gen. Warren slept in the Marshall Fowle 
house the night before the Battle of Bunker Hill. Charles Brig- 
ham's mother, Mary Brigham, frequently spoke of this as a gene- 
rally accepted tradition of which she had been cognizant since 
her early days of nearly a century ago. A window pane, now 
destroyed, in the old house was inscribed with the name " War- 
ren." 

Joseph Warren was born in Roxbury, Mass., in 1741 ; gradu- 
ated at Harvard in 1759, and became a physician in Boston, in 
1764. He was an orator of note, and a patriot of a high order. 
He delivered an excellent address on the second anniversary of 
the Boston Massacre, and another on the same subject in March, 
1775. He was president of the Provincial Congress, in i774 ^r^d 
1775, as well as chairman of the Committee of Safety. He op- 
posed the movements of Gen. Gage, had much to do with the 
success of the Colonists at Lexington, and objected to the occupa- 
tion of Charlestown heights. Overruled by a majority of the 
Council which resolved to fortify Bunker Hill, he went there as a 
volunteer, and, although elected a major-general three days be- 
fore, refused to take the chief command offered him by both 
Prescott and Putnam. As he was leaving the field among the 
last, he was struck by a bullet in the forehead, and died at the age 
of 34. 

It is said that he rode from Watertown on horseback upon the 
morning of that eventful day. " Prepare lint, for the poor fellows 
will need it," tradition says was his last injunction to the Water- 
town women as he bade them good bye. He galloped along Mount 
Auburn street to Cambridge, where he made a brief stop, and 
thence continued his rapid course to Bunker Hill. 

But the Fowle House had other noble guests, among them be- 
ing General W^ashington and his wife. From an historical article 
read by Mrs. Ruth A. Bradford of Watertown before the Water- 
town Historical Society, May 19, 1891, it appears that Lady 
Washington was received and entertained in the house, Dec. 11, 
1775, stopping awhile in the course of her journey by coach 
through Watertown to join General Washington in Cambridge. 
She was the guest of the Hon. James Warren and his wife, who 
were occupying the house. 



72 



Watertoivn's Military History. 



James Warren was born in 1726, and graduated at Harvard in 
1745. He was a merchant, succeeding to his father's handsome 
estate in 1757. He also succeeded his father in the office of high- 
sheriff of Plymouth County. In 1766 he was elected to the legis- 
lature, where he warmly advocated ihe rights of the Colonists. 
He became president of the Provincial Congress on the death of 
Gen. Joseph Warren, was for a time paymaster of the Continental 
Army, and afterwards speaker of the Massachusetts house of rep- 
resentatives. He died in 1808. 

His wife, who before marriage was Mercy Otis, was a woman 
of note, a writer of poems and political articles, and also of a 
three volume history of the Revolutionary War. She was a sister 
of "James Otis the Patriot," one of the ablest and most influential 
Colonists in Massachusetts. 

It is well to know and reflect upon the dignified and honorable 
character of those men who constituted the original Council that 
met and organized in the Marshall Fowle house. Many of them 
had a brilliant part in the creation and firm establishment of our 
republican form of government. John Hancock, whose charac- 
teristic signature on the Declaration of Independence is a pre- 
dominating feature in that list of immortal names, was a member 
of the Council. So also were John Adams. Samuel Adams, Caleb 
Cushing and other illustrious men, as will be noted in the follow- 
ing list of Councilors as chosen by the General Court, July 21, 

1775: 

Hon. James Bowdoin, Hon. James Pitts, Benjamin Greenleaf, 

Caleb Cushing, John Hancock, John Winthrop, Joseph Gerrish, 
John Adams, Jedediah Foster, James Prescott, Michael Farley, 
Thomas Cushing, Joseph Palmer, Benjamin Lincoln, Jabez 
Fisher, Azor Orne, Samuel Adams and Eldad Taylor, these rep- 
resenting the territory of Massachusetts Bay ; for Old Colony of 
New Plymouth, Hon. William Seaver, Walter Spooner, James 
Otis and Robert Treat Payne ; for the late Province of Maine, 
Hon. Benjamin Chadbourn, Enoch Freeman. 



SOLDIERS OF THE REVOLUTION. 



At the opening of the Revolutionary War, Watertown's terri- 
tory had been seriously reduced. In 17131 Weston was incorpo- 
rated, taking away 10,373 acres; and Waltham, in 173S, was 
formed with 8S91 acres. In April, i754i ^ generous slice was taken 
from the easterly end of the town and added to Cambridge. This 
last cut included the land from what is now Sparks street in Cam- 
bridge to the Mount Auburn Cemetery, and involved the loss of 
Watertown's original town site and landing place on the Charles 
river. Gerry's landing, near the Cambridge hospital, is the place 
where experts have decided that the Watertown party of Colonists 
landed, in 1630, and near that point they built the first small village, 
which was protected by palisades against Indian attacks. Sub- 
stantially, then, in 1775, the limits of Watertown comprised its 
present area, and the 1446 acres which, in 1859, were taken away 
to form the new town of Belmont. 

Watertown, in Jan. 1775, had 207 polls, and a total valuation of 
£6003, about $30,000. The assessors had an East list and a 
West list of property-holders and poll tax payers. Number of 
polls in West list, 127; in East list, 80. Total valuation, West 
list, £3276 and 9s. ; East list, £2726 and 14s. 

In order to give an idea, as to the persons who resided in the 
town at the period of the Revolutionary War, many of whom 
were liable to be called upon for military duty, the following com- 
plete list of property holders and poll tax payers has been copied 
from the assessors' valuation report of Dec. i, 1774, four months 
previous to the battle of Lexington. These lists, neatly written, 
well spelled, and in good condition, were found with other papers 
of value in a safe at the Town House. The assessors, whose 
names are signed, were those old, familiar characters in Water- 
town's history, Jonathan Brown, Samuel Fisk, and Moses Stone. 

EAST SIDE LIST. 





£ 


s 




£ 


S 


Capt Eben' Stone - - 








Saml. Nutting - 


- 69 


4 


Widow Ann Clark - 


6 





Moses Stone 


- 161 


12 


Simon Coollidge 


22 


16 


Nehi» Mason 


- 79 





Sam'ljenison - - - 


20 





Eben' Stone Jr. - 


- 55 


16 


W™ Learned - - - 


22 


8 


John Sawin 


- 34 


10 


Widow Mary Coollidge - 


I 


10 


Jona Child - - - 


- 71 


18 


Natl. Stone - - - - 


59 


10 


Daniel Sawin - 


- 36 


8 


Zachf Shedd - - - 


no 


10 


Elijah Bond 


- 48 


16 


Isaac Sanderson 


45 


14 


in Kemball's right - 


6 


to 


Millicent Bright - - 


20 


10 


Phin^ Child - - 


31 






74 



Watertown's Military History. 



in Kemball's right - 
Jon* Learned - - - 
Jon» Learned, jr. 
Josiah Bright - - - 
Josiah Norcross - - - 
Chris"" Grant - - - 
Chris"" Grant, jr. 
Thos, Clark - - - 
Rich^ Clark - - - 
Edwd. Richardson - 
Jonas Barnard - - - 
Joseph Coollidge 
in Warrin's right 
Sam' White - - - 
in Bright's right 
Jonas Bond - - - - 
Ens. John Stratton - 
Sam^ Soden - . . 
Nathan Coollidge - 
in Mother's right - 
Tho* Learned - - - 
in Coollidge right - 
Jonas Hastings - - - 
in Bond's right . 
Amos Livermore 
in his Mother's right 
Sam^Jenison - - - 
Jon» Coollidge Godding 
John Chenery - - - 
Thos. Harrington - 
Simon Coollidge, jr. 
Isaac Sanderson, jr. 
Phin^Jenison - - - 
W^'Jenison - - . 
W™ Chenery . - - 
Josiah Bisco - - - 



John Hunt, Esq. 
Deacon Sam^ Fisk - 
Capt. Daniel Whitney • 
Capt. Edw*! Harrington 
in Stearnes's right - 
widow- Hannah Harris • 
Sami Cook - - - • 
Capt. John Tainter - 
Nath' Harrington - 



£ 


s 








£ 


s 


77 





estate of Israel Whitn 


ey. 






3 


10 


deceased - 


- 




60 


14 


20 


10 


David Coollidge 


- 


- 


44 


8 


76 


4 


Benj" Learned - 


- 


- 


4 


8 


44 


4 


Simon Hastings 


- 


- 


53 


6 


52 


18 


Sol" Prentice 


- 


- 


43 


6 


47 


16 


Isaac Prentice - 


- 


- 








82 


I 


Ann Bainger 


- 


- 


7 


4 


62 


6 


Thos. Coollidge 


- 


- 


13 


2 


35 


10 


in his Mother's rig 


lit 


- 


16 





SI 


16 


David Stone 


- 


- 


4 





33 


8 


David Barnard - 


- 


- 


2 





2 





Moses Stone, jr. 


- 


- 


I 


4 


153 





W™ Stone - - 


- 




2 


8 


9 


12 


Jon* Stone - 


- 


- 





19 


117 


5 


Abijah Stone 


- 


- 








45 





Nathi Bright - 


- 


- 


9 





64 





Seth Sanderson 


- 


- 


5 





64 


6 


James Mallard - 


- 


- 


3 


12 


36 





John Vila - 


- 


- 


4 


16 


24 


16 


John Crane 


- 


- 








49 





Oliver Learned - 


- 


- 








36 


18 


Spencer Godding 


- 


- 


14 


10 


S(> 





Jonas Learned - 


- 


- 








39 


16 


Nicodemas Gigger 


- 


- 








26 





Eben"" Hovey 


- 


- 














William Leathe 


- 


- 








49 





And^ White 


- 


- 








23 


6 


Jonas Barnard jr 


- 


- 








71 


10 












9 


10 


Non Residents. 






I 


16 


John Vassal esq. 


- 


- 


26 





8 


10 


Joseph Wellington 


- 


- 


16 











Sam^ Swan - 


- 


- 


3 





13 





Eben"- Wyth 


- 


- 


5 





4 


4 


Jonas Prentise, Jr. 


- 


- 


5 





WEST SIDE LIST. 










£ 


s 








£ 


s 


67 


2 


John Bemis 


- 


- 


120 


10 


III 


4 


John Cook - 


- 


- 


95 


10 


13s 





Thos Wellington 


- 


- 


41 


6 


84 


16 


Phin« Stearns - 


- 


- 


59 


12 


2 


8 


Jonas White 


- 


- 


135 


14 


15 





Daniel Bond 


- 


- 


20 


10 


35 


12 


Bez" Learned - 


- 


- 


74 


16 


26 


18 


Josiah Capen, Esq 


- 


- 


130 


6 


46 


16 


Widow Dorothy Coollidge 85 






Soldiers of the Revolution. 



75 







£ 


s 




£ 


s 


Jon« Brown - 


- 


52 


16 


John Bullman - - - 








David Bemis 


- 


141 


6 


Oliver M° Roe - 


7 





in Hammond's right 


iS 





Edmd Fowle 


47 





Ezekiel Hall 


- 


161 





Josiah Capen, jr. 


'7 


6 


in Hunt's right - 


- - 


8 





Capt. W'n Cookrain 


56 





Joseph Hay 


- - 


13 





Pane' Park - - - - 


14 





David Sanger - 


- 


37 


6 


Amos Bond - - - 


49 


10 


John Remington 


- - 


121 


10 


Jon« Whitney - - - 


6 


ID 


Simon Whitney 


- 


50 


16 


Elki^ Wales . - - - 


10 





Natl Sanger 


- 


3 





Daniel Cornwall 


6 





Jed"^ Leathe - 


- - 


26 


10 


Abner Craft 


45 





John Draper 


- - 


63 


6 


Jon" Craft - - - - 








John Tainter, jr. 


- 


5 


10 


Nath' Craft- - - - 


2 





Tho'Pattin- - 


- - 


41 


18 


Benjn Bird - - - - 








Sami Sanger 


- 


56 


6 


James Austin - - - 


6 





Ebenr Stetson - 


- 


17 


18 


Tho^ Prentice - 








Sam' Benjamin - 


- 


60 


iS 


John Hunt, ju^ - - - 


8 





W" Sanger 


- - 


II 


8 


W™ Hunt - - - - 


43 





Elisha Learned - 


- 


10 


4 


W" McCurtain - 


6 





Colo W"^ Bond - 


- 


69 


4 


Capt David Parker - 


2 





Steph° Harris . 


- 


29 





Eben' Everit - - - 


28 


8 


Sam' Hager - 


- 


29 


14 


Richd Everit - - - 








Moses Hager 


- 


22 





Elijah Tolman - - - 


2 





John Whitnej-, jr. 


- - 








Benj" Capen . - - 


8 





Joseph Gardner 


- 


I 


10 


David Capen - - - 








Lt. Sam' Barnard 


- 


79 


4 


John Randal - - - 








John Cookson - 


- 


54 





Joseph Bemis - - - 








David Whitney - 


- 


12 





Sam' Barber - - - 








Ezek' Whitney - 


- - 


8 





in Spring's right 


4 





Sam' Whitney - 


- 


25 


8 


Jon* Brewer - . - 








Tho8 Draper - 


- 








Sam' Bemis . . - 








Joseph Whitney 


- 


II 


10 


Moses Souther - - - 








Elna'i Whitney - 


- - 


5 


8 


Daniel Jackson 








Ameriah Learned 


- 


ID 





Jonas White, ju'' 








Eires Tainter - 


- 


31 


16 


Peter Harrington - 


27 





Edw'' Harrington, 


Jr. - 


31 


4 


John Fowle - - - 


19 


10 


Daniel Whitney, j 


r. 


37 


5 


Jedi'' Learned - - - 


5 





Convers Spring 


- - 


II 


18 


Daniel Cook- - - - 








Jonas CooUidge 


- 


10 





Barth""' Peirce - 








Steph" Whitney 


- - 


17 


2 


John Wellington - 








Marshal Spring 


- 


28 





Tho« Bogle - - - 








Seth Norcross - 


- - 


9 





John Crane - - - - 








Henry Whitney 


- 








Johnson - - - 





3 


W™ Harrington 


- 


22 





Elisha Brewer - - - 








Widow Eliz* Whi 


tney - 


II 


10 








Abra" Whitney 


- - 


4 





Non Residents. 






in the right of his Fath- 






Joshua Fullar - - - 


4 





er's Heirs 


- - 


32 





Phin» Bond - - - 


4 






76 



Waterio-wn's Military History. 





£ 


s 




£ 


s 


Oaks Angier 


4 


o 


Jon" Hamond - 


4 


o 


W" Park - - - 


2 


o 


Nathan Fullar - 


2 


o 


W" Coollidge - 


lO 


o 


John Brown 


- i8 


o 


Jon» Brewer 


9 


o 


Isaac Parkhurst 


4 


o 


Jon'^ Fullar - - - 


- 9 












THE LEXINGTON ALARM. 



September, 1774, in view of the troubled state of affairs, Water- 
town ordered its militia company to drill two hours each day for 
three months, and that its stock of ammunition should be inspected. 
The company was therefore in a fair condition of training the fol- 
lowing spring. 

Tuesday night, Apr. 18, 1775, Gen. Gage sent Lieut. -Col. 
Smith with 800 British troops from Boston to Concord and vicini- 
ty to destroy the stores collected there by the Colonists, and also 
to seize the persons of John Hancock and Samuel Adams, who 
were residing at the house of Rev. John Clark in Lexington. 
The Colonists became aware of this intent, and Paul Revere, 
galloping on horseback, 

" Spread the alarm, 
Through every Middlesex village and farm, 
For the country folk to be up and to arm." 

About 70 of these country folk, militia, under command of 
Capt. Parker, early on the morning of April 19, made a stand at 
Lexington Common, and were fired upon by the advance guard 
of British, by order of Major Pitcairn ; eight Colonists were 
killed and several wounded. The British pushed on to Concord, 
arriving about 7.30 a.m., where they destroyed such stores as they 
could find. Col. Barrett, with about 180 militia, engaged a por- 
tion of them in conflict at the Concord river bridge, both Colonists 
and British suffering slight losses. On one side of the river near 
the bridge stands today a notable statue of the " Minute Man," to 
mark where the Americans fought. On the other side of the 
gently flowing stream is a monument which states that two British 
soldiers lost their lives in that engagement. 

The British retreated to Boston, followed and fired upon nearly 
all the way by the Colonists. The alarm had spread far and 
wide. From many towns the militia and plain untrained farmers 
hastened, gaining constantly in numbers and effectiveness ; while 
the regulars, in defensive warfare, continued to retreat. 

Watertown took a creditable part in the work of that day. Ac- 
cording to a historical sketch written by Solon F. Whitney, who 
for many years has been the town's librarian, the Middlesex regi- 
ment, under command of Col. Thomas Gardner, assembled at the 
Watertown meeting house early on the morning of Apr. 19. In 
that regiment was the compan}' of Watertown Minute Men, of 
which Captain Samuel Barnard was in command. This company 
had been formed in accordance with a vote of the town meeting, 
Jan. 2, 1775, each man being allowed for his attendance upon 



78 



Watertoivn's Military History. 



military exercises, once each week, four coppers, " for refresh- 
ment." 

While they were debating as to the proper course of action, 
Michael Jackson, in command of the Newton compan}', arrived. 
He declared that the time for fighting had come, and he intended 
to have his company take the shortest possible route to get a shot 
at the British. Each company choosing its course, the Water- 
town company hastened to Lexington. Near that town they 
joined tlie Newton company, and soon encountered Lord Percy's 
retreating forces. They followed and harassed the enemy. 
Joseph Coolidge, of the Watertown company, was slain. The 
British loss that day, in killed, wounded and missing, is said to 
have been 273 ; the loss of the Colonists, 93. 

In the military archives at the State House, Boston, is an an- 
cient, wrinkled, and discolored manuscript ; with others of like 
import it is jealously guarded and must be handled with great care. 
It gives the names of the officers and men comprising Capt. Bar- 
nard's company which marched from Watertown to Lexington, 
the number of days service for each one, and the amount of com- 
pensation due. 

A Muster Roll of the company under the command of Capt. 
Samuel Barnard, in the late Col. Thomas Gardner's Regiment of 
Militia, which marched on the alarm April 19, 1775 : 



Samuel Barnard, Capt. 
John Stratton, Lieut. 
Phinehas Stearns, 2"'^ Lieut. 
Edw*^ Harrington, Ensign 
Samuel Sanger, Sergt. 
Christopher Grant " 
Josiah Capen " 

Stephen Whitney " 
Isaac Saunderson, Corp. 
Moses Stone " 

Nath^ Bright " 

Will™ Harrington " 
Nathan Coolidge 
Nath^ Benjamin 
Stephen Cook 
Josiah Saunderson 
Seth Sanderson 
John Sanger 
Tilly Mead 
Abra"^ Whitney 
John Whitney 
David Whitney 
John Villa 
Dan^ Mason 
WilP^ Leathe 
Tho^ Learned 



Dan^ Collidge 
Moses Collidge 
Francis Brown 
Isaac Prentice 
Thomas Hastings 
Amos Tainter 
Josiah Norcross 
Dan^ Whitney 
Zacheriah Sheed 
Jonathan Whitney 
Spencer Gooding 
Jon^ Coolidge Gooding 
Thos Staftbrd 
Edw'' Harrington Sr. 
Sam' Sodin 
David Capen 
Sam' White, Jr. 
Jon'^ Bright 
Phinehas Childs 
Jonas Bond, jr. 
Richard Clark 
John Remmington 
Simon CooUidge, jr. 
Jon'^ Stone 
Benj'^ Capen 
Bazaleel Larned 



The Lexington Alarm. 



79 



John Bullman 
Pennel Parks 
Phinnehas Jenneson 
David Beamis, jr. 
Jedediah Learned 
Sam' Bond 
Joel White 
Tho^ Prentice 
Ehiathan Whitney 
John Cook 
John Randall 
Elisha Tolman 
John Ciane 
David Stone 
Will™ Chenery 
Richard Everitt 
Tho' Coollidge 
John Fowle 
Peter Harrington 
Sam' Barnard, Jr. 
Dan' Saw^in, Jr. 
Joshna Stratton 
Tho» Clark 
Sam' White 
John Chennery 
Dan' Cook 
Phinehas Childs, Jr. 
John Hnnt, jr. 
Amos Bond 
Elias Tufl'ts 
James Austin 
Henry Bradshaw 
Elkanah Wales 
Benj^ Learned 
Jonas White 
Eben Everett 
James Mallard 
Zechariah Hicks 
Nath' Harris, jr. 
Sam' Benjamin, jr. 
Jonas Barnard, jr. 

March i6, 1776. 



Will"' White 
Will™ Jennison 
Dan' Learned 
Jacob Saunderson 
Jonas Learned 
Moses Souter 
Will" Learned 
Oliver Monroe 
Phinehas Harrington 
Will™ Watson 
Jonas Coollidge 
Edmond Fowle 
Stephen Harris 
Henry Gypson 
Ephraim Jones 
Will™ Parks 
John Willington 
Cornelius Stone 
Jedediah Leithe 
David Parker 
Saml. Warrin 
Leonard Bond 
Peter Ricliardson 
Oliver Learned 
Jon'*^ Benjamin 
Sam' Warrin, jr. 
Elijah Fiezie 
Will™ McCurtain 
Moses Hagar 
Elisha Brewer 
Jon'^ Childs 
Tho^ Hunt 
Simon Hastings 
Dan' Jackson 
Richard Loathe 
James Tufts 
Ezekiel Whitney 
Cornelius Parks 
Will™ Sanger 
Tho^ Wellington 
Converse Spring. 



A true muster roll errors excepted. 

Sam^ Barnard, Capt. 

In Council, Mar. 27, 1776. read and allowed and ordered that 
a warrant be drawn on the treasury for i\\£ 13s. 5^d. in full of 
roll. Perez Morton, Clerk. 



8o 



WaierioTvn's Military History. 



Middlesex ss. Watertown, Mar. 22, 1776. Capt Sam' Bar- 
nard made solemn oath that the above pay roll by him subscribed 
is true and just in all its parts. 

Before me Abr*^ Watson, Jus. peace 

Examined and compared with the original 

E. Starkweather Com. 

The company traveled 20 miles for which an allowance of id. 
per mile was made. Capt. Barnard for his six days' service received 
i£ 7s. 4^d. The period of duty for most of the others varied from 
four to six days. The Lieut was paid 2.^ shillings per day. 
Sergts. and corps, less and privates is. 5d. per day. The com- 
pany had 12 officers and 122 privates; total, 134. 



BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL. 



Following the raid upon military stores and attack upon the 
colonists, at Lexington and Concord, came a lull which preceded 
the still more serious encounter between the British troops and the 
Massachusetts militia. The Committee of Safety by majority vote 
decided that the fortifying of Charlestown heights was necessary 
for the public welfare, although in this matter Gen. Warren did 
not agree with his associates as has been stated. This movement 
led to the Battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775. 

In that battle. Col. Thomas Gardner's Regiment participated. 
Col. Gardner was mortally wounded in the assault made by the 
British. He was succeeded in command by Col. William Bond 
of Watertown. In the regiment was a Watertown company im- 
der the command of Capt. Abner Craft. 

The roll of this company, as taken from the State archives, is 
given as follows : 

Return of Capt. Abner Craft's company in the 37"^ Regt. of Foot 
in the Continental Army, commanded by Lieu' Col. W™. Bond. 



Name. 

Capt. Abner Craft 

Lieut. Christopher Grant 

Ensign John Child 

Sergt. Tho^ Hunt 

" Elijah Tolman - 

" Sam^ Wales 

" Sam' Benjamin - 

Corp. W" Park - 
" Richard Leathe 
" John Moreland 
" Jonas Learned 

Sam' Mirick 

Edward Harrington 

Tho® Sanger 

Phinehas Child 

Oliver Learned 

John Stratton 

Cornelius Park 

Sam' Dalle - - - 

Sam' Ward - - - 

Sam' White - 

Jonathan Benjamin 

John Cashwell 

John Mcintosh 



Town. 
Watertown 

u 

Roxbury 
Watertown 

u 

Boston 
Watertown 



Cambridge 
Watertown 
Newton 
Watertown 



Needham 

Watertown 

It 

Boston 



82 



Waterioivn^s Military History. 



Cambridge 
Watertown 
Cambridge 

Watertown 



Name. Town. 

W" White - - - - - - Watertown 

John Whitney _ - - - - " 

Sam' Hinds ------ " 

Charles Harrington _ _ - - " 

Nath' Harris " 

Henry Jipson - _ - - 

Joseph Palmer - - - - 

Moses Soutlier _ - - - . 
Alexander Nelson _ . - . 

Ebenezer Fesandon . . - , 

John Crane ------ 

James Coollidge . - - - . 
Thaddeus Ward - - - - . 

Benjamin Learned - _ _ . 

Joshua Stratton - - - - . 

John Leathe ------ 

W'" Jinnerson - _ - - 

John Willington - - - - 

William Watson - - - - . 

Stephen Frost - _ - . . 

David Sanger . _ - - . 

Spencer Coding ----- 

Leonard Bond - _ - - - 

Jolm Palmer - _ _ - . 

William Cliinrey - - - - . 

Ezekel Whitney " 

Zille Meade 

Sam' W^arren, jun'' . - - - " 

Return dated Cambridge 
Oct. 7, 1775. 

The names are given, in most instances, as spelled in the return. 

As a matter of interest, the list of battles of the Revolution is 
now presented, beginning with the Lexington Fight of Apr. 19, 
1775, and concluding with the surrender of Cornwallis, at York- 
town, Oct. 19, 1781. The contest was continued for six years and 
six months, but after Mar. 17, 1776, when Boston was evacuated 
by the British, there was no more fighting on the soil of Massa- 
chusetts. New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania 
and Virginia received the brunt of subsequent attacks, and, assist- 
ed by their sister colonies, they made a gallant, although not al- 
ways successful defence. 



Cambridge 
Watertown 



Cambridge 
Watertown 



BATTLES OF THE REVOLUTION AND LEADING 

EVENTS. 



Apr. 


19 


May 


10 


June 


17 


Nov. 




Dec. 


13 


Dec. 




Marcl- 


117 


April 


H 


Aug. 


22 


(( 


27 


n 


30 


Sept. 


15 


(( 


16 


Oct. 


28 


Nov. 


16 



1775- 

The Lexington Fight. 

Ticonderoga Captured. 

Battle of Bunker Hill. 

Arnold at Qiiebec. 

Congress orders 13 ships of war. 

Alarm at Rhode Island. 

1776. 

Boston Evacuated. 

Washington arrives in New^ York. 

British land on Long Island. 

Battle of Long Island. 

Washington's 15,000 army evacuated Long 
Island. 

British enter New York. 

Battle of Harlem Heights. 

Battle of White Plains. 

Fort Washington captured. 
28 Washington retreats to Penn. side of Dela- 
ware river. 
Dec, 26 Battle of Trenton. 

1777. 
Battle near Princeton. 

" " Danbury. 

" of the Brandywine. 
Philadelphia captured. 
Battle of Germantown. 

" " Bennington. 

" " Stillwater. 
Surrender of Gen. Burgoyne. 

1778. 
Winter at Valley Forge. 
Treaty with France. 
Philadelphia evacuated by the British. 
Battle of Monmouth Court House. 

" " Rhode Island. 
Retreat from " 
Savannah taken. 
Massacre at Wyoming. 



Jan. 


3 


Apr. 


26 


Sept. 


II 


(( 


27 


Oct. 


4 


Aug. 


16 


Sept. 


19 


Oct. 


17- 


Feb. 


6. 


June 


18. 


June 


28. 


Aug. 


29. 


(( 


30- 


Dec. 


29. 



84 Watertown^s Military History. 





1779. 


July 15- 


Stony Point captured. 


Sept. 23. 


Paul Jones' victory. 


July 19- 


Massacre at Minisink, N. Y. 




1780. 


Sept. 21. 


Andr^ captured — Executed Oct. 2. 




Constitution of Massachusetts adopted. 




1781. 


Jan. 17. 


Battle of Cowpens. 


Mar. 15. 


" " Guilford. 


Sept. 8. 


" " Eutaw. 


'^ 6. 


Attack on New London & Groton, Ct., by 




Arnold. 


Oct. 19. 


Surrender of Cornwallis. 



WASHINGTON AT DORCHESTER HEIGHTS. 



When Gen. Washington took command, July 3, i775i in the 
shade of the famous elm tree, still standing, at Cambridge, the 
Colonial army contained 17,000 men, including the sick. It was 
lacking in arms, ammunition and accoutrements. The course of 
the Provincial Congress in making appointments had occasioned 
discontent among the officers. Washington reorganized the army, 
held the British within the limits of Boston during the year, and, 
on Mar. 4, 1776, took possession of Dorchester heights, which he 
fortified. On Mar. 17, 1776, the British sailed from Boston, and 
later captured Long Island and New York city. Watertown sol- 
diers had a part in the victorious movement near Boston, as appears 
by the following record taken from the Massachusetts archives: 

Vol. 23-30. Pay Roll of a company of the Militia that marched 
from Watertown, by order of Gen. Washington, to Reinforce the 
Army in taking Pofsefsion of Dorchester Heights, March, i77^' 
The company was in service five days, and received the regular pay 
therefor. 



Phineas Stearns, Capt. 

Edw'^ Harrington, Lieut. 

Josiah Capen, jun, Sergt. 

Stephen Whitney, " 

Mofes Stone, jun'. Corporal 

Nathi Bright " 

Nat^ Coolidge, Clerk 

Eben' Stutson 

Jed"^ Leathe 

John Tainter 

Simion Hastings 

Eben Baxter 

Newton Baxter 

W^ Baxter 

Daniel Whitney 

Nat^ Whitney 

Benj" Andrews 

William Leath 

Tho^ Sanger 

Step" Harris 

Chas. Harrington 

Phin^ Jennison 

Dan^ Parker 

Roger Pierce 



Tho' Hichborn 
Cha" Willis 
Henry Sanderson 
Tho^ Harrington 
John Ridgeway 
Ep"^ Wheeler 
Sam^ White 
Jonas White 
Joel White 
John Bright 
Jon^ Farnum 
Oliver Munroe 
Joseph Field 
John Draper 
John Savage 
Nat^ Stratton 
Eph"^ Whitney 

Pease 

Tho^ Patten 
Ed'" Fowle 
Elisha Brewer 
Eph-" Jones 
Dan^ Bullard 
John Cook 



86 



Wat er town'' s Military History. 



George Lush 
Jonas Hastings 
Tho^ Learnard 
Sam^ Learnard 
Willi™ Learnard 
Cyrus Tainter 
Ab"" Whitney 
W" Watson 
Henry Jepson 
Cha* Coffin, jun"" 
Daniel Cook 
John Bod man 
John Bontang 
Dav*^ Sanger 
Ersk« Whitney 
Con^ Stone 
Abijah Stone 
Dan* Sawin 
James Austin 
Dav'' Townsend 
Dan' Cornwall 
Tho^ Thatcher 
Benj. Capen 
Henry Bradfhaw 
Nath' Ingraham 
Oliver Learned 
Phin^ Harrington 
Sam' Bond 



Step" Cook 
Moies Coolidge 
Robert Hawes 
Benj*^ Edes, jun"^ 
William vStone 
The* Coolidge 
Dan' Mason 
Jacob Sanderson 
Dan' Coolidge 
Eben"^ Wailes 
Henry Sanderson 
Jonas Goodding 
Eben"^ Everett 
Rich'' Everett 
Josiah Biscoe 
John Smith 
Joseph Gardner 
Cliris'' Grant 
Josiah Capon 
Moses Stone 
Eben*" Eustis 
W" Manning 
W" Hunt 
Jonas Stimpson 
Jacob Dow^ning 
David Smith 



SOLDIERS OF LATER BATTLES. 



The progress of the Revolutionary war called out from time to 
time additional forces to recruit the Continental Army. From the 
town records of Watertown, as hereinbefore given, it appears that 
the frequent town meetings were busy with military affairs. 
There was a constant cry for money and men. The currency of 
the time became so sadly depreciated that its value stood at the 
ratio of i to 75 as compared with hard money. The rich metallic 
ring of the good old English sovereign was a music to which the 
ears of Colonists became unaccustomed. War, b}' long continu- 
ance, had caused the usual difficulty in finding men who were able 
or willing to sunder family ties for the stern duties and hazard to 
life on the battlefield. It is a wonder that the Colonists did so 
well, with all the depressing influences which they were forced to 
withstand. Yet the records contain no word of murmur or com- 
plaint. New committees were continually being appointed to fill 
the town's quotas, and the needed money for this purpose was free- 
ly appropriated. Counterfeit monej' also, was made good by the 
town to the soldiers and citizens by whom it had been taken, as wit- 
ness the following: May 28, 1778? ^ committee reported that 
counterfeit money had been received as follows : 
Hampshire bills, 

Samuel Barnard - 

Jonathan Brown - 

John Draper 

David Sanger 

30. 6. o 

The following alphabetical list of soldiers was taken from the 
Massachusetts Archives. The names are credited to Watertown, 
some for service, others for residence, and a part for both. It 
seems hardly possible that the town could have furnished all these 
men for its own quotas, so it may be that some of them, belonging 
to other places, were simply recruited in Watertown. Such is 
not stated on the sheets of yellow paper on which the names are 
inscribed, however, and the list is therefore given as transcribed 
from those deaf and dumb files. A few of the names are of tiiose 
who took service at the time of Shay's rebellion, which succeeded 
the Revolutionary War. Indians' names appear, proving that the 
dusky denizens of the forest were flattered, or otherwise attracted, 
into the Colonial army. Other nationalities than English are also 
represented. Some have fuller records than others, either by way 
of terms of service, or by personal description. 



£10. 


0. 





7- 


0. 





I. 


10. 





5- 


6. 





6. 


10. 






88 Waterioivn^s Military History. 

The relative importance of the several counties of this State as 
recruiting fields, is shown by the following paragraph, taken from 
the records of the Great and General Court, while it was still 
holding its sessions in the Watertown meeting house : 

Thursday, June 20, 1776, resolved " that the five thousand men 
to be raised in this colony, to go to New York and Canada, be ap- 
portioned on the several counties as follows : Suffolk, 448 ; Essex, 
457 ; Middlesex, 1070 ; Hampshire, 742 ; Plymouth, 3S0 ; Bris- 
tol, 362; York, 105; Worcester, 1136; Cumberland, 39; Berk- 
shire, 261." 

Allen, George. Age, 20; height, 5 ft. 6 in. ; complexion, 
light; enlisted July 4, 1780, for 6 mos. in Fourth Division Mass. 
Artillery, Capt. Frothingham, arriving at Springfield July 5, 
1780; discharged Dec. 24, 1780; traveled 215 miles from place of 
discharge to home ; length of service 5 mos. 22 ds. ; name on re- 
turn of Brig. Gen. Paterson, Camp Totoway, Oct. 25, 1780, as 
having passed muster for 6 mos. service ; also, name on Major Jo- 
seph Hosmer's list of 6 mos. men, as per General Court resolve, 
passed June 5, 1780. 

AspiNWALL, Caleb. Enlisted July 5, 1780; discharged Dec. 
6, 1780; length of service, 5 mos. 13 ds. ; traveled 215 miles from 
place of discharge to home ; name on Watertown selectmen's re- 
turn ; also name on return of Brig. Gen. Pateison, Camp Toto- 
way, Oct. 25, 1780, as having passed muster for 6 mos. service; 
age, 18 ; height, 5 ft. 9 in. ; complexion, dark ; enlisted for 6 mos. 
in Fourth Division, Mass. Artillery, Capt. Frothingham, arriving 
at Springfield July 5, 1780; name also on Major Joseph Hosmer's 
list of 6 mos. men, as per resolve of General Court, passed June 
5, 1780. 

Badger, Timothy. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777; resi- 
dence and credited to Watertown ; served in 9th Mass. Regt. for 
3 yrs. ; private, Capt. Amos Cogswell's (2d) co., Col. James Wes- 
son's regt. ; Continental Army pay accounts for service from Jan. 
12, 1777, to Dec. 31, 1779; also, Capt. Childs's co.. Col. Wes- 
son's regt. : list of men dated Boston, Mar. 30, 1777, returned by 
Nathaniel Barber, muster master ; also Capt. Cogswell's co., Col. 
Wesson's regt. ; Continental Army pay accounts for service from 
Jan. I, 1780, to Jan. 12, 1780. 

Barnard, Samuel. Watertown ; Captain of a company in 
Col. Thomas Gardner's regt., which marched on the alarm of 
April 19, 1775; service 6 days; also ist Major, Col. Samuel 
Thatcher's (ist Middlesex Co.) regt.; list of officers of Mass. 
militia; also pay roll for service from Mar. 4 to Mar. 9, 1776, 5 
ds. at Roxbury, at taking of Dorchester Heights; also, list of offi- 
cers dated Watertown, April 26, 1776. 

Barrett, Roger. Receipt for bounty, £60, paid him by Da- 
vid Bemis, dated Springfield, May 26, 1782, from the town of 
Watertown, to serve in the Continental army for 3 years ; also, 



Soldiers in Later Battles. 89 

order for 8 mos. pay as Private, given in a memorandum of orders 
accepted on account of wages, dated Jan. 23, 1784. 

Baxter, Newton, Sergt. Enlisted May 9, 1781, in Capt. 
Stephen Dana's co., Col. Josiah Whitney's regt. of militia, for ser- 
vice in Rhode Island ; traveled 45 miles ; length of service 2 mos. 
7 ds. ; also, Capt. Benjamin Edgell's co.,Col. John Jacobs' regt. ; 
enlisted July i, 1778; service 6 mos. 3 ds. ; also muster roll for 
Jan. -Oct., 1778, dated Freetown; enlistment to expire Jan. i, 
1779; also Lieut., Capt. Stephen Frost's co.. Col. Cyprian How's 
regt.; enlisted June 29, 1780; discharged Nov. i, 17S0; service 
4 mos. 7 ds. at Rhode Island ; enlistment, 3 mos. ; also receipt for 
bounty paid him by Jonathan Brown, town treas. of Watertown, 
dated July 17, 1776. 

Benjamin, John. Name in index of Continental Army books ; 
enlisted for 3 yrs. ; served in Crane's Artillery 3 yrs. under Com- 
mander Wells ; also name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1775 '• residence 
and credited to Watertown ; also, return of men enlisted from Col. 
William Mcintosh's (ist Suffolk Co.) regt. dated Needham, Feb. 
21, 177^ ' lesidence Needham, enlisted for town of Needham. 

Benjamin, Jon-^. Name in index of Continental Army books; 
enlisted for 3 yrs. ; served in 13th Regt. 3(5 mos. 16 ds. under Col. 
Calvin Smith; also, name on list of 3 yrs. men, i777' residence 
and credited to Watertown ; also vSergt. Capt. Ebenezer Smith's 
CO., Col. Calvin Smith's regt. ; Continental Army pay accounts 
for service from Jan. 15, 1777, to Dec. 31, 1779; also Capt. Na- 
thaniel Alexander's co., Col. Edward Wigglesworth's regt. ; re- 
turn of men in service on or before Aug. 15, 1777 ; also, muster 
roll for May, 177S, dated Camp Valley Forge; also, muster roll 
for June, 1778, dated Camp near White Plains ; also, pay abstract 
for Oct., 1778; also Maj. John Foster's co. (late) Col. Wiggles- 
worth's regt., under command of Maj. Porter; muster roll for 
Mar. and Apr. 1779; reported transferred to Light Infantry co. ; 
also Capt. Daniel Pillsbury's co. Light Infantry, (late) Col. Wig- 
glesworth's regt.; muster roll for Mar. and Apr.^1779; enlisted 
Feb. I, 1777. 

Benjamin, William. Born in Watertown, June 16, 1737. 
Private, Capt. Deliverance Davis' co., Col. Asa Whitcomb's regt., 
which marched April 23, 1775, in response to the Lexington alarm 
of April 19, from Ashburnham, to which town he had removed 
in 1760. His son, William, enlisted Apr. 29, 17S1, for 3 yrs. as 
Private in Capt. Adams Bailey's co. of Col. John Bailey's regt. ; 
muster roll dated Jan. i, 17S2. The first-named William was 
great-grandfather of Capt. William H. Benjamin, who is now a 
resident of Watertown and Past Commander of Post 81, G. A. R. 

Blaver, William. Name on Joseph Hosmer's list ; enlisted 
Mar. 31, 1781, for 3 yrs. ; age, 35 ; height, 5 ft. i in. ; complex- 
ion, light; hair, liyht ; eyes, dark ; blacksmith; discharged Apr. 
19, 1782. 



9° Watertowft's Military History. 

Bliss, John. Name on Joseph Hosmer's list; enlisted Dec. 
19, 17S0, tor 3 yrs. ; age, 20 ; height, 5 ft. 5 in. ; complexion, dark ; 
hair, black ; eyes, blue ; farmer ; discliarged Apr. 19, 17S2 ; served 
in Capt. Banister's co. ; arrived at Springfield Dec. iS, 17S1. 

Bond, Amos. Second Lieutenant, Capt. Stearns' (Watertovvn) 
CO., Col. Samuel Thatcher's (Middlesex Co.) regt. ; request for 
commission dated Cambridge. Sept. 10, 1777; reported elected 
June 3, 1777; commissioned Sept. 24, 1777; also Capt. John 
Walton's CO., Col. Eleazer Brooks' regt. ; engaged Jan. ir, 1778; 
roll made up to Tan. 22, 177S; service guarding troops of conven- 
tion ; roll dated Cambridge ; also, muster roll for Feb. and March, 
177s ; service guarding troops of convention. 

Bond, Amos, Captain; certificate dated Watertovvn, Mar. 29, 
1787. signed by said Bond, certifying that Jacob Watson served 
in his CO. 

Bond. Jonas. Name on abstract of First co. Artillery, Capt. 
Philip Marett, in Col. Tliomas Craft's Regt., pay rolls for service 
from Dec. r, 1776, to May 8, 1777, 5 mos. 7 ds. ; also, pay abstract, 
dated Boston, July 9, 1777; reported enlisted Nov. 25, 1776. 

Bond, Leonard, Watertovvn. Private, Capt. Samuel Bar- 
nard's CO., Col. Thomas G;irdner's regt., which marched on the 
alarm of Aoril 19, 1775; service 3 ds. ; also Capt. Abner Craft's 
CO., Lieut. Col. William Bond's (late Gardner's) 37th re^rt. ; com- 
pany return dated Cambridge, Oct. 7, 1775; also, orders for 
bounty coat or its equivalent in monev, dated Cambridge, Jan. 16, 
177^ ; ^Iso Capt. Abijah Child's co. ; pay abstract for mileage, etc., 
from Ticonderoga home in 1776. 

Bond, William. Lieut. Col. in Col. Thomas Gardner's regt. ; 
pay abstract of field and staff officers who marched on the alarm 
of Apr. 19, 1775, dated Prospect Hill; also. Colonel ; lists ofoffi- 
cers of main and picket guard. May 19 and 20, 1775. dated at 
Cambridge; also, Lieut. Col. ; list of officers of main and picket 
guard May 28, 1775, dated Cambridge ; also list of officers in Col. 
Thomas Gardner's (Middlesex Co.) regt. ; commissioned June 2, 
1775 ' ^'so list of officers of main and picket guard June 3, 1775, 
dated Cambridge; also lists of officers of main and picket guard 
June 3 and June 10, 1775 ; also, order for equipments, dated Cam- 
bridge, June 30, 1775 ; also Colonel ; list of officers of main and 
picket guard June 3, 1775; also, list of men who delivered fire- 
locks Jan. 26 and Feb. 9, 1776. 

Boyonton, Jacob. Age, 16; height, 5 ft. 3 in. ; complexion, 
light; enlisted for 9 mos., as per resolve of June 9, 1779, by Gen- 
eral Assembly; served in Capt. Stearns' co., Col. Stearns' regt. ; 
also name in index Continental Army rolls as enlisting for 3 yrs. ; 
served in loth Mass. Regt., Capt. Taylor, for 14 mos. 11 ds. ; also 
name on Continental town and county rolls for 1779, as serving 
under Capt. James Cooper; also enlisted by Capt. Smith, Sept. 
i5» 1779- 



Soldiers i?i Later Battles. 91 

Bright, Josiah. Age, i7; height, 5 ft. S in.; enlisted June 
21, 1778, in Capt. Stearns' CO., Col. Thatcher's regt. ; name on 
list of men to fill and complete the fifteen battalions Mass. troops, 
to serve 9 mos. from time of arrival at Fish-Kill ; received of Jon- 
athan Warren, commissioner, July 20, 177^* 

Brown, Solomon. Name in index of Continental Army 
books; enlisted for 3 yrs. ; served in Col. John Crane's Artillery, 
under Capt. Benjamin Eustis ; list of men mustered in Suftblk co. 
by Nathaniel Barber, muster master, dated Boston, Sept. 28, i777 ' 
Continental pay accounts for service from Apr. i, 1777, to Dec. 
31, 1779 ; residence, Watertown ; credited to the town of Lexing- 
ton ; also, muster rolls for Aug. -Dec, 1777; reported sick at 
Boston; also, Capt. Vose's co., Col. Crane's regt.; Continental 
Army pay accounts for service from Jan. i, 17S0, to Apr. i, 1780; 
also, descriptive list of enlisted men, dated Jan. 10, 17S1 ; Capt. 
Thomas Vose's co., 3d Artillery regt. ; age, 22 yrs. ; stature, 5 ft. 
10 in. ; complexion, light; residence, Lexington; enlisted Apr. 
I, 1777, by Capt. Lieut. Brown ; reported discharged Apr. i, 
1780, by Gen. Knox. 

BuLLMAN, John. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777 ; residence 
and credited to Watertown ; list of men mustered in Suftblk Co., 
by Nathaniel Barber, muster master, dated Boston, Apr. 27, 1777 ; 
Capt. Child's CO., Col. Greaton's regt. ; also. Private, Capt. Abi- 
jah Child's co., Col. John Greaton's (2d) regt. ; Continental Army 
pay accounts for service from Apr. i, 1777, to June 20, 1779 ; re- 
ported deserted. 

Capen, Josiah, Lieut. Name on return of Capt. Edward Ful- 
ler's CO., Col. Eleazer Brooks' regt. ; wounded ; list of officers be- 
longing to a regiment drafted from Middlesex Co. militia and or- 
dered to march to Horse Neck by Brig. Oliver Prescott, Sept, 26, 
1776; also, same co. and regt.; engaged Sept. 29, 177^! <^'^" 
charged Nov. 16, 1776 ; service, 60 ds., travel included ; roll dated 
North Castle; also, Capt. Fuller's co., Col. William Mcintosh's 
regt.; entered camp Mar. 19, 1778; discharged Apr. 5, 177^ » 
service 18 ds. ; stationed at Roxbury ; roll dated Newton. 

Caswell, John. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777 ; residence 
and credited to Watertown ; served 3 yrs. in 3d Regt., under Capt. 
Watson ; list of men mustered in Suffolk Co. by Nathaniel Bar- 
ber, muster master, dated Boston, Mar. 16, 1777; served in Col. 
John Greaton's regt. ; enlisted Jan. 24, 1777 ; discharged Jan. 24, 
1780. 

Cato, Negro. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777 ; residence and 
credited to Watertown. 

Chardol, Peter. Age, 17; height, 5 ft. i in. ; Frenchman; 
enlisted for 9 mos. as per resolve of Apr. 20, i77^' ^Y General As- 
sembly ; served in Capt. Stearns' co.. Col. Thatcher's regt. 

Child, Amos. Name on Joseph Hosmer's list; enlisted Mar. 
24, 1781, for 3 yrs. ; age, 17 ; height, 5 ft. 5 in. ; complexion, light; 
hair, light; eyes, blue ; laborer; discharged Apr. 19, 1782. 



92 



Watertown's Military History. 



Childs, Piiinehas. Age, 22 ; height, 5 ft. 8 in. ; complexion, 
light; enlisted July 4, 1780, for 6 mos. in Fourth Division, Mass. 
Artillery, Capt. Frothingham, arriving at Springfield July 5, 1780 ; 
discharged Dec. 6. 1780; service 5 mos. 13 ds. ; traveled 215 
miles from place of discharge to home ; also, name on return of 
Brig. Gen. Faterson, Camp Totovvay, Oct. 25, 1780, as having 
passed muster for 6 mos. service ; also, name on Major Joseph 
Hosmer's list of 6 mos. men, as per General Court resolve, passed 
June 5, 1780. 

Cook, Daniel. Name on return of Capt. Fuller's co.. Col. 
Brooks' regt. 

Cooke, Stephen, Sergt. Name on return of Capt. Joel Fletch- 
er's CO., Col. Ephraim Doolittle's regt., camp Winter Hill, Oct. 
6, 1775- 

Coolidge, Joseph. Age, 18 ; height, 5 ft. 9 in. ; complexion, 
light; enlisted July 4, 1780, for 6 mos. in Fourth Division Mass. 
Artillery, Capt. Frothingham, arriving at Springfield July 5, 
1780; discharged Dec. 6, 1780; length of service, 5 mos. 13 ds. ; 
traveled 215 miles from place of discliarge to home; also, name 
on return of Brig. Gen. Faterson, Camp Totoway, Oct. 25, 1780, 
as having passed muster for 6 mos. service ; also, name on Major 
Joseph Hosmer's list of 6 mos. men, as per resolve of General 
Court, passed June 5, 1780. 

Cornwall, Daniel. Name on return of Capt. Fuller's co., 
Col. Brooks' regt.; company return endorsed Oct., 1776; also 
certificate dated Watertown, Feb. 10, 1778, signed by Alexander 
Shepard, stating that said Cornwall and others had enlisted to serve 
as guards to the Powder House in Watertown for a term of 6 mos., 
agreeable to a resolve of Oct. 13, 1777, and had received provi- 
sions for only a portion of the time. 

Craft, Abner. Watertown ; Captain, Col. Thomas Gardner's 
regt. ; list of officers recommended for commissions by the Com- 
mittee of Safety; ordered in Provincial Congress, June 2, 1775, 
that commissions be delivered ; also, Capt. in Lieut. Col. Bond's 
(late Gardner's) regt. ; company return dated Cambridge, Oct. 7, 
1775- 

Cunningham, Robert. Enlisted July 27, 1781, in Capt. Asa 
Drury'sco., Col. Turner's regt., for service in Rhode Island ; length 
of service 3 mos. 4 ds. 

Cutler. Josiah. Name on abstract of mileage money to and 
from camp, at one penny a day, due Capt. Caleb Brooks' co.. Col. 
Nicholas Dike's regt. ; service 3 mos. to Dec. i, 1776, at Dorches- 
ter Heights; dated Nov. 27, 1776; pay abstract dated Boston, 
Nov. 27, 1776. 

Dike, Nicholas. Name on abstract of mileage money to and 
from camp, at one penny per mile, due Capt. Caleb Brooks' co.. 
Col. Nicholas Dike's regt. ; service 3 mos. to Dec. i, 1776, at 
Dorchester Heights; dated Boston, Nov. 27, 1776. 



Soldiers in Later Battles. g^ 

Dodge, Antipas. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, I'J'JJ ', resi- 
dence and credited to Watertown ; also name in index of Conti- 
nental Army books; served 3 yrs. in 12th Regt. in Major's co. ; 
deserted Feb. 8, 17S0. 

Downing, James. Receipt for bounty, £75, from the town of 
Watertown, to serve in the Continental Army 3 yrs, ; receipt for 
bounty dated Boston, Apr. 10, 1782, paid said Downing by Moses 
Stone, chairman of class 2, Watertown. 

Edwards, Benjamin. Name on list 3 yrs. men, 1777; resi- 
dence and credited to Watertown. 

Fairservice, Ceaser. Age, 19 ; height, 5 ft. 5^ in. ; negro ; 
hair, black; eyes, black ; laborer; enlisted Jan. 34, 1781, for 3 yrs. ; 
also, name on Major Joseph Hosmer's list ; discharged Apr. 19, 
1782 ; also. Private, Capt. Jeremiah Miller's co.. Col. Joseph 
Vose's regt. ; muster rolls for June and July, 17S1, dated Phillips- 
burg ; reported on command at West Point ; also, muster rolls for 
Sept. -Nov., 1781 ; also, muster rolls for Jan. and Feb., 1782, dated 
York Hutts. 

FowLE, Jeremiah. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777; I'^si- 
dence and credited to Watertown; list of men mustered by Na- 
thaniel Barber, muster master for Suffolk Co., dated Boston, Feb. 
2,1777; Capt. Willington's co., Col. Edward Wigglesworth's 
regt.; also. Private, Capt. E. Smith's co.. Col. Smith's regt.; 
Continental Army pay accounts for service from Feb. i, i777' ^^ 
Aug. 25, 1778; reported exchanged Aug. 25, I'J^S; also reported 
discharged; also, same co. and regt. ; muster roll for June, 1778, 
dated Camp Greenwich ; also, Private, Capt. Nathaniel Heath's 
CO.; enlisted Feb. 8, 1779; discharged May 7i i779) service 3 
mos. with guard under Maj. Gen. Gates of Boston. 

Fowler, Nathaniel. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777; resi- 
dence and credited to Watertown. 

FuLFORD, John. Name on list of men to fill the 15 Mass. 
battalions, to serve 9 mos. from time of arrival at Fish Kill; re- 
ceived of Jonathan Warren, Commissioner, July 20, i77^ '■> enlisted 
June 21, 1778? foi' 9 nios. in Capt. Stearns' co., Col. Thatcher's 
Regt. 

Fuller, Nath'. Name in index of Continental army books; 
List of men mustered by Nathaniel Barber, muster master for 
Suffolk Co., dated Boston, Apr. 13, 1777; Col. Crane's regt.; 
also. Gunner, Capt. Winthrop Sargent's co.. Col. John Crane's 
(3'^'' Artillery) regt. ; Continental Army pay accounts for service 
from Mar. 28, 1777, to Dec. 31, 1779; credited to Watertown; 
also, same co. and regt.; muster rolls for Oct. and Nov. i7775 
reported on command at the Park ; also, same co. and regt. ; mus- 
ter roll for Dec, 1777; also. Sergeant same co. and regt.; Con- 
tinental Army pay accounts for service from Jan. i, 1780, to Dec. 
31, 1780; reported as serving 5 mos. as Gunner and 7 mos. as 
Sergeant; also descriptive list returned by Gen. Heath; age, 20; 



94 Watertowfi^s Military History. 

stature, 5 ft. 9 in.; complexion, liglit; enlisted May 29, i777' ^X 
Lieut. Hiwell, and promoted to Sergeant May 5, 17S0. 

Gains, James. Name in index of Continental Army books; 
list of men mustered by Nathaniel Barber, muster master for Suf- 
folk Co., dated Boston, Feb. 16, 1777; Capt. Brewer's co., Col. 
Brewer's regt. ; also, Private, Major's co., Cal. Ebenezer Sprout's 
regt. ; Continental Army pay accounts for service from Jan. i, 
1777, to Dec. 31, 1779; residence VVatertown ; also, Capt. Brewer's 
CO., Col. Brewer's regt. ; return dated camp, Valley Forge, Jan. 
23, 1778; also, descriptive list dated West Point, Feb. 4, 1781; 
age 38; stature, 5 ft. 7 in- j complexion, light; hair, brown; occu- 
pation, tailor; served at West Point garrison, Phillipsburg, etc. 

Gale, Samuel. Name on return of Capt. Edward Fuller's 
CO., Col. Brooks' regt.; company return endorsed Oct., i77^- 

Gandal, John. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777; residence 
and credited to Watertown. 

Gardiner, Thomas. Age, iS; height, 5 ft. 7^ in. ; complex- 
ion, light; enlisted for 9 mos., as per resolve of June 9, i779' ^Y 
General Assembly; served in Capt. Stearns' co.. Col. Stearns' 
regt.; also, name on Continental town and couiity roll, i779' ^^ 
serving under Capt. James Cooper; enlisted Oct. 23, i779' ^^^ 3 
yrs., or during the war, by Capt. Parks, under whom he served 
14 mos., 8 ds. in 10"^ Mass. Regt. ; also name in index of Conti- 
nental Army books; received $200 bounty. 

Gill, John. Name on return of Capt. Edward Fuller's co., 
Col. Brooks' regt.; co. return endorsed Oct., i77^* 

Gooding, Spencer. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, i777' I'^si- 
dence and credited to Watertown; Private, Capt. Abijah Childs' 
CO., Col. John Greaton's regt. (2d); Continental Army pay ac- 
counts Feb. I, 1777, 10 Dec. 31, 1779; reported mustered by 
muster master Barber; also, Capt. Williams' (Light Infantry) co., 
Col. Greaton's (3d) regt.; enlisted Feb. i, i777' 

Gray, Richard. Name in index of Continental Army books; 
name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777; birtiiplace, West Indies; resi- 
dence and credited to Watertown; also, Capt. Thomas Willing- 
ton's CO., Col. Edward Wigglesworth's regt. ; also. Sergeant, same 
CO. and regt. ; also, Capt. Ebenezer Smith's co.. Col. Wiggles- 
worth's regt. ; enlisted Apr. i, 1777, during war; also, descrip- 
tive list for deserters from Lieut. Col. Calvin Smith's (13th) regt. ; 
endorsed July 13, 1780; rank, Sergeant; age, 26 yrs.; stature, 5 
ft. 10 in.; complexion, light; hair, brown ; occupation, seaman ; 
deserted May, i779- 

Hall, Michael. Name on Joseph Hosmer's list; enlisted, 
Dec. 30, 1 78 1, for 3 yrs. ; age 25 ; height, 5 ft. 11 in. ; complexion, 
dark; hair, black; eyes, black; farmer; discharged Apr. 19, 
1782; engaged for VValertown ; arrived at Springfield Jan. 4, 
1782. 

Hammon, Jonathan. Enlisted Aug. 26, 17S1, in Capt. Asa 



Soldiers in Later Battles. 95 

Drury's co., Col. Turner's regt. for service in Rhode Island; 
length of service, 3 mos. 5 ds. ; discharged Nov. 17, 1781 ; loll 
endorsed "five months service at Rhode Island." 

Harden, Thomas. Age, 19; height, 5 ft. 4 in. ; complexion, 
light; enlisted for 6 mos. in Fourth Division, arriving at Spring- 
field July 5, 17S0; served in the artillery, under Capt. Frothing- 
ham ; also, name on Major Joseph Hosmer's list, as per General 
Court resolve of June 5, i 780. 

Harding, Thomas. Enlisted July 4, 17S0; discharged Dec. 
18, 17S0; length of service 5 mos. 26 ds. ; traveled 215 miles from 
place of discharge to home; selectmen's return; also name on 
return of Brig. Gen. Faterson, Camp Totoway, Oct. 5, 1780, as 
having passed muster for 6 mos. service. 

Harris, Benjamin. Name in index of Continental Army 
books; also, name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777? residence and cred- 
ited to Watertown ; Private Capt. Willington's co., Col. Asa Whit- 
comb's regt. ; muster roll dated Camp at Ticonderoga, Nov. 27, 
1776; enlisted Oct. 1,1776; also, Capt. Ebenezer Smith's co., Col. 
Calvin Smith's regt. ; Continental Army pay accounts for service 
from Feb. 23, 1777, to Dec. 31, 1779; also, same co.. Col. Wig- 
glesworth's regt; Continental Army pay accounts for service from 
Jan. I, 1780, to Feb. 25, 17S0. 

Harris, Nathaniel. Private, Capt. Parker's co.. Col. Je- 
duthan Baldwin's regt.; Continental Army pay accounts for ser- 
vice from Mar. i, 1777, to Apr. 20, 1778; also, return dated 
Morristown, July 26, 17S0, made by Col. Baldwin; residence, 
Watertown; engaged Mar. i, 1777; term during war; said Har- 
ris returned among non-effectives in Capt. Phineas Parker's co. 
of artificers ; reported died Apr. 20, 1778- 

Harris, Stephen. Age, 17; height, 5 ft. 7 In ; complexion, 
light; enlisted for 9 mos., as per resolve of June 9, T7791 by Gene- 
ral Assembly; served in Capt. Stearns' co., Col. Stearns' regt.; 
also enlisted Oct. 26, 1779, for 3 yrs. or during the war, by Capt. 
Parks, under whom he served in the loth Mass. Regt. 14 mos. 5 
ds. ; also name on Continental town and county rolls, as serving 
under Capt. James Cooper. 

Haskel, John. Name on abstract of mileage money to and 
from camp at one penny per mile, due Capt. Caleb Brooks' co., 
Col. Nicholas Dike's regt.; service 3 mos. to Dec. i, i77^' ^^ 
Dorchester Heights; dated Nov. 27, 1776' 

Hastings, James. Name on return of Capt. Fuller's co., Col. 
Brooks' regt. ; wounded. 

Hastings, Samuel, Jr. Certified by Capt. Amos Bond to 
be a soldier in his co., Mar. 29, 17S7; Shay's rebellion. 

Holland, James. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, i777' ''^s'" 
dence, Newfoundland; credited to Watertown; list of men mus- 
tered by Nathaniel Barber, dated Boston, Mar. 30, i777; Capt. 
Willington's co., Col. Wigglesworth's regt.; also Fife Major, 



96 Waiertoxun's Military History. 

Capt. Noah Allen's co., Col. Smith's legt. ; Continental pay ac- 
counts for service from Feb. 6, 1777, to Dec. 31, 1779, and from 
Jan. I, 1780, to Feb. 6, 17S0. 

Jenison, Samuel, Corp. Capt. Stephen Dana's co,, Col. 
Josiah Whitney's regt. of militia, for service in Rhode Island; 
traveled 45 miles; length of service 2 mos. 2 ds. ; arrived at des- 
tination May 14, 1777*' Pi'ivate, Capt. Joseph Fuller's co., Col. 
Samuel Bullard's regt. ; enlisted Aug. 20, 1777; discharged Nov. 
29, 1777"' service 3 mos., 22 ds., at Stillwater, travel (12 ds.) in- 
cluded; Roll sworn to in Middlesex Co.; order on Henry Gard- 
ner, Treasurer, dated Watertown, July 13, 1781, signed by said 
Jenison and others, for wages for service as guards under Sergt. 
Richards; receipt dated Watertown, July 17, 1776, for bounties 
paid said Jenison and others by Jonathan Brown, Town Treasurer, 
for enlisting "as Soldiers in defence of this Country." 

Jones, Samuel, Corp. Enlisted Sept. 3, 17S1, in Capt. Asa 
Drury's co.. Col. Turner's regt., for service in Rhode Island; 
length of service 2 mos. 28 ds. ; discharged Nov. 27, 1781 ; Roll 
endorsed "five Months service at Rhode Island." 

Jones, Sam^ Paine, Sergt. Enlisted July 4, 1780; discharged 
Dec. 10, 1780; length of service 5 mos. 18 ds. ; traveled 215 miles 
from place of discharge to home ; name on Watertown selectmen's 
return ; also name on Major Joseph Hosmer's list of 6 mos. men, 
as per General Court resolve of June 5, 17S0; also, name on return 
of Brig. Gen. Paterson, Camp Totoway, Oct. 25, 1780, as having 
passed muster for 6 mos. service; served in Fifth Division Mass. 
6 mos. men who marched from Springfield under Lieut. Taylor, 
2d Regt. July 6, 17S0; re-enlisted Mar. 24, 17S1, for 3 yrs. ; age, 
22; height, 5 ft. 10 in. ; complexion, light ; hair, brown; eyes, 
dark; cordwainer; discharged, Apr. 19, 1782. 

Keith, Timothy. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777; resi- 
dence and credited to Watertown; also name in index of Conti- 
nental Army books; also, Capt. Child's co., 25'^'^ fegt. ; company 
receipt, given to Capt. Child for wages for July, 1776, dated Mt. 
Independence; also, enlistment agreement, dated Nov. 16, i77^» 
for 3 yrs. service ; also, list of men mustered by Nathaniel Barber, 
dated Boston, Apr. 13, 1777; Capt. Child's co., Col. Greaton's 
regt.; also. Private, Capt. Joseph Williams' co.. Col. John 
Greaton's regt. ; Continental Army pay accounts for sei'vice from 
Jan. I, 1780, to Apr. i, 1780; residence, Watertown. 

Lane, John. Age, 22; height, 5 ft. 3 in.; enlisted June 21, 
17785 foi' 9 rnos., in Capt. Stearns' co., Col. Thatcher's regt. 

Larabee, John. Enlisted July 10, 1779, in Capt. Thomas 
Hovey's CO., Col. Nathan Tyler's regt. for Rhode Island service; 
discharged Dec. 25, 1779; service, 5 mos. 29 ds. ; also, same co. 
and regt., payroll for Dec. 1779, allowed i mo. 4 ds. for service 
at Rhode Island; traveled 74 miles. 

Larrabee, Jon^. Name in index of Continental Army books ; 
served 4 yrs. in ist Regt., Commander Ashley ; received $200 



Soldiers in Later Battles. 97 

bounty; also, name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777; residence and 
credited to Watertown. 

Learned, Benj'^. Name in index of Continental Army books; 
served in Col. Crane's Artillery, Commander Eiistis; also, list of 
men mustered by Nathaniel Barber, dated Boston, June 8, i777' 
also, Matross, Capt. Benjamin Eustis' co.. Col. John Crane's regt. ; 
Continental pay accounts for service from April i, 1777, to Dec. 
31, 1779! credited to Watertown; also, Capt. Vose's co., Col. 
Crane's (3'^'^ Artillery) regt.; Continental Army pay accounts for 
service from Jan. i, 1780, to Dec. 31, 17S0. 

Learned, Jedidiah. Name on return of Capt. Edw^ard Ful- 
ler's CO., Col. Brooks' regt.; company return endorsed "Oct., 
1776"; said Learned reported as having lost articles in battle. 

Learned, Oliver. Age, 35 ; height, 5 ft. 6i in, ; complexion, 
sandy; enlisted for 9 mos., as per resolve of June 9, 1779, by 
General Assembly; served in Capt. Stearns' co.. Col. Stearns* 
regt.; also, name on Continental town and county rolls, 1779, as 
serving under Capt. James Cooper; also, name as Sergt. enlisted 
Aug. 26, 1 78 1, in Capt. Asa Drury's co.. Col. Turner's regt., for 
Rhode Island service ; served 3 mos., 6 ds. ; also, name on return 
of Capt. Fuller's co.. Col, Brooks' regt. 

Learned, Oliver. Age, 38; height, 5 ft. 8 in. ; complexion, 
red; enlisted July 4, 17S0, for6 mos, in Fourth Division Mass, 
Artillery, Capt. Frothingham, arriving at Springfield July 5, 17S0 ; 
discharged Dec. 14, 1780; length of service, 5 mos. 26 ds. ; trav- 
eled 215 miles from place of discharge to home; name on Water- 
town selectmen's return; also, name on return of Brig. Gen. Pat- 
erson, Camp Totoway, Oct, 25, 1780, as having passed muster 
for 6 mos, service; also, name on Major Joseph Hosmer's list of 
6 mos, men, as per General Court resolve of June 5, 1780, 

Leathe, John. Name on list of men to fill the 15 Mass, 
battalions, to serve 9 mos. from time of arrival at Fish-Kill ; re- 
ceived of Jonathan Warren, commissioner, July 20, 1778; age 
22; height, 5 ft. 3 in. ; enlisted for 9 mos., as per resolve of Apr, 
20, 17785 served in Capt. Stearns' co.. Col. Thatcher's regt. ; also 
Private, Capt. Joseph Fuller's co., Col. Samuel Bullard's regt. ; 
enlisted Aug. 20, 1777; discharged Nov. 29, 1777; service 3 mos. 
22 ds., at Stillwater, including 12 ds. (240 miles) travel home; 
also, Matross, Capt. Lieut. James Furnivall's detachment, drafted 
from Gen, Warner's brigade ; engaged Sept. 10,1777; discharged 
Nov. 29, 17775 service 2 mos., 20 ds., at the Northward; resi- 
dence and credited to Watertown; also, Private, Capt. Jacob 
Wales' CO., Col. Thomas Marshall's regt, ; enlisted June 21, 177S; 
discharged Mar. 21, 1779; reported sick at Bedford in Jan. 1779. 

Lenard, Benj'*. Enlisted Apr. i, 1777, for 3 yrs. or during 
the war, by Capt. Brown ; served in 3d Regt. Artillery under Capt. 
Thomas Vose ; also, name on list of 3 yrs. men, i777' residence 
and credited to Watertown ; rank, Matross ; age, 39 yrs. ; stature, 
5 ft. 7^ in.; complexion, dark. 



98 



Watertotvn^s Military History. 



Lennen, John. Certified by Capt. Amos Bond to be a soldier 
in his CO., Mar. 29, 17S7) Shay's rebellion. 

Letherbee, Jonathan. Name on return of Capt. W™ Rogers' 
CO. of Col. Loammi Baldwin's re<2;t. 38^^ foot, Continental Army; 
also, name on return of Capt. Fuller's co.. Col. Brooks' regt. 

Lewes, James. Name on Joseph Hosmer's list; enlisted Feb. 
13, 17S1, for 3 yrs. ; age, 46; height, 5 teet, 5 in.; complexion, 
light; hair, light; eyes, blue; cordvvainer; discharged Apr. 19, 
17S2; credited to Watertown. 

Lewis, James. A Watertown resident who served the town 
of Needham, under Capt. Wallcutt, Col. Marshall; enlisted Feb. 
21, 177S, !or 3 VIS. 

Lines. Francis, Corp. Name in index of Continental Army 
books; Capt. Ebenezer Cleavland's co.. Col. Michael Jackson's 
regt.; Continental Army pay accounts for service from Dec. 29, 
177S, to Dec. 31, 1779; residence, Watertown; also, Sergt., 
Major's CO., Col. Jackson's regt. ; Continental Army pay accounts 
for services from Jan. 1, 17S0, to Dec. 31, 1780; also, descriptive 
list dated Jan. 7, 1781; Capt. Abner Wade's co.. Col. Michael 
Jackson's (8th) regt. ; rank, Sergt. ; age, 32 yrs. ; stature, 5 ft. 
9 in. ; complexion, light ; hair, brown; occupation, hatter ; birth- 
place, Kidderminster. 

Lisco, Peter. Age, 18; height, 5 ft. 10 in.; enlisted June 
19, 1778, for 9 mos., in Capt. Stearns' co., Col. Thatcher's regt.; 
also, name on list of men to fill and complete the 15 Mass. bat- 
talions, to serve 9 mos. from time of arrival at Fish-Kill ; received 
of Jonathan Warren, commissioner, July 20, 1778- 

LissuAT, Peter. Frenchman; enlisted for 9 mos. as per re- 
solve of Apr. 20, 1778, by General Assembly; served in Capt. 
Stearns' co., Col. Thatcher's regt. ; age, 18 yrs. ; stature, 5 ft. 10 
in.; engaged for Watertown. 

Litti.eman, Saml. Name on Joseph Hosmei-'s list; enlisted 
Dec. 29, 1781, for 3 yrs.; age, 28; height, 5 ft. 6 in.; Lidian; 
hair, black; eyes, black ; hunter; discharged Apr. 19, 1782 ; also, 
list of men enlisted and received at "this Post," as returned by 
Seth Banister, Capt. 4th Mass. regt., and Commandant at Spring- 
field ; arrived at Springfield Jan. 4, 1782. 

Martindell, John. Enlisted June 30, 1779, for 3 yrs. or dur- 
ing the war, by Major Porter; served in 3rd Mass. Regt under 
Capt. Vose; Drummer, Capt. Fowle's co., Col. Smith's regt.; 
Continental Army pay accounts for services from Jan. i, 1780, to 
Dec. 31, 1780; residence, Watertown. 

Mason, Moses. Age, 16; height, 5 ft. 9 in.; complexion, 
light; enlisted July 4, 1780, for 6 mos. in Fourth Division Mass. 
Artillery, Capt. Frothingham, arriving at Springfield July 5, 1780; 
discharged Dec. 14, 1780; length of service, 5 mos. 32 ds ; trav- 
eled 215 miles from place of discharge to home; name on Water- 
town Selectmen's return; also, name on return of Brig. Gen. Pat- 



Soldiers m Later Battles. 99 

erson, Camp Totoway, Oct. 25, 17S0, as having passed muster for 
6 mos. service; also, name on Major Joseph Hosmer's list of 6 
mos. men, as per General Court resolve, passed July 5, 17S0. 

McCuRTiN, William. Name on return of Capt. Edward Ful- 
ler's CO., of Col. Brooks' regt. ; list of men who guarded the pow- 
der house at Watertown from July 28, 1776, to Aug. i, 1776, under 
the direction of Alexander Shepard, jr., also, Gunner, Capt. Win- 
throp Gray's (3rd) co., Col. Thomas Crafts' (Artillery) regt.; 
service from Aug. i, i777' 7^ t's. ; return of men, same co., who 
marclied on secret expedition to Rhode Island and were entitled 
to bounty, dated Boston, Jan. 8, 177^5 ^^^^ received additional 
bounty of £15. 

Mills, Ceaser. Age, 19; height, 5 ft. 6 in. ; negro; enlisted 
July 4, 17S0, for 6 mos. in Fourth Division Mass. Artillery, Capt. 
Frothingham, arriving at Springfield July 5, 17S0; discharged 
Dec. 31, 1780; length of service, 6 mos. 9 ds. ; traveled 215 miles 
from place of discharge to home ; name on Watertown Selectmen's 
return; also, name on return of Brig. Gen. Paterson, Camp Tot- 
oway, Oct. 25, 17S6, as having passed muster for 6 mos. service; 
also name on Major Joseph Hosmer's list of 6 mos. men, as per 
General Court resolve of June 5, 17S0. 

MiRiCK, Samuel. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, i777) residence 
and credited to Watertown ; Lieut, and Qiiartermaster, Col. Eben- 
ezer Sprout's regt. ; Continental Army pay accounts for service 
from Jan. i, 1780, to Dec. 31, 1780; reported as serving 7 mos. 
as Ensign ; also. Ensign, 12th Mass. Regt. ; return of officers cer- 
tified at Boston, July 13, 17S0, by Lieut. Asa Bullard. 

Murphy, James. Name on Joseph Hosmer's list ; enlisted Dec. 
26, 17S0, for 3 yrs. ; age, 25 ; height, 5 ft. 9 in. ; complexion, light; 
hair, light; eyes, blue; farmer; discharged Apr. 19, 17S2; also, 
list of men "enlisted and received at this Post," as returned by 
Seth Banister, Capt. 4th Mass. Regt. and Commandant at Spring- 
field; reported as having arrived at Springfield Jan. 4, 17S3. 

NoRCROSS, Joseph, Fifer. Name on muster roll of Capt. Wm. 
Scott's CO., 28th foot, Col. Paul Dudley Sargeant ; muster roll 
dated Aug. i, 1775; enlisted July 10, 1775, service, 22 ds. ; also 
CO. return dated Oct. 6, 1775 ; also, bounty coat or its equivalent 
in money ; order granted Dec. 28, 1775. 

NoRCROSs, Josiah. Receipt dated Watertown, July 17, 1776, 
for bounties paid said Norcross and others by Jonathan Brown, 
Town Treasurer, for enlisting '' as Soldiers in the Defence of this 
Country." 

NoTONKSiON, William. Name on Major Joseph Hosmer's 
list ; enlisted Dec. 29, 1780, for 3 yrs. ; age, 24 ; height, 5 ft. 11 in. ; 
Indian ; hair, black ; eyes, black ; hunter ; discharged Apr. 19, 
1782. 

Nutting, Samuel. Name on return of Capt. Fuller's co. of 
Col. Brooks' regt. 



ICX) Watertowfi's Alilitary History. 

Parker, David. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777 ; residence 
and credited to Watertown ; also, name in index of Continental 
Army books ; served 3 yrs. in loth Regt. ; also, same name given 
as a resident of Watertown who served the town of Needham, 
under Capt. Wallcutt, Col. Marshall, and enlisted Feb. 21, 1778, 
for 3 yrs. 

Parker, Nathaniel. Name in index of Continental Army 
books; served 6 mos. in 13th Regt., Capt. Woodbridge, Col. 
Calvin Smith ; age, 24 yrs. ; stature, 5 ft. 9 in. ; complexion, light ; 
occupation, farmer ; residence, Newtown ; Continental Army pay 
accounts for service from July i, 1780, to Dec. 31, 1780; resi- 
dence, Watertown. 

Parkhurst, Isaac. Certified by Capt. Amos Bond to be a 
soldier in his co. Mar. 29, 17S7 ; Shay's rebellion. 

Pierce, Mathew. Enlisted for 6 mos. in Fourth Division, 
arriving at Springfield July 5, 1780 ; age, 25 ; height, 5 ft. 9 in. ; 
complexion, light ; served in the Artillery under Capt. Frothing- 
ham ; enlisted July 4, 1780; discharged Nov. 2, 1780; length of 
service, 4 mos. 9 ds. ; traveled 215 miles from place of discharge 
to home ; name on Watertown Selectmen's return ; also, name on 
return of Brig. Gen. Paterson, Camp Totoway, Oct. 25, 1780, as 
having passed muster for 6 mos. service; also, name on Major 
Joseph Hosmer's list of 6 mos. men, as per General Court resolve 
of June 5, 17S0. 

Pope, John. Age, 18 ; height, 5 ft. 6 in. ; complexion, light ; 
enlisted July 4, 1780, for 6 mos. in Fourth Division Mass. Artil- 
lery, Capt. Frothingham, arriving at Springfield July 5, 1780; 
discharged Dec. 18, 1780; length of service, 5 mos. 26 ds. ; trav- 
eled 215 miles from place of discharge to home ; name on Water- 
town Selectmen's return ; also, name on return of Brig. Gen, Pat- 
erson, Camp Totoway, Oct. 25, 1780, as having passed muster 
for 6 mos. service ; also, name on Major Joseph Hosmer's list of 
6 mos. men, as per resolve of General Court, June 5, 17S0. 

Prentice, Benj^. Name on abstract of mileage money to and 
from camp, at one penny a mile, due Capt. Caleb Brooks' co.. 
Col. Nicholas Dike's regt. ; service 3 mos., to Dec. i, 1776 ; dated 
Nov. 27, 1776. 

Prentice, Joshua. Age, 18 ; height, 5 ft. 10 in ; complexion, 
light; enlisted'julv 4, 1780, for 6 mos. in Fourth Division. Mass. 
Artillery, Capt. Frothingham, arriving at Springfield July 5, 
1780; discharged Dec. 18, 17S0; length of service, 5 mos. 26 ds. ; 
traveled 215 miles from place of discharge to home ; name on 
Watertown Selectmen's return : also name on return of Brig. Gen. 
Paterson, Camp Totoway, Oct. 25, 1780, as having passed muster 
for 6 mos. service ; also, name on Major Joseph Hosmer's list of 6 
mos. men, as per General Court resolve of June 5, 1780. 

Prentice, Samuel. Certified by Capt. Amos Bond to be a 
soldier in his Co. Apr. 2, 1787; Shay's rebellion. 



Soldiers in Later Battles. loi 

Prentice, Smith. Name on Joseph Hosmer's list ; enlisted 
Mar. 14, i78i, for 3 yrs. ; age, 30; height, 5 ft. 9 in. ; complexion, 
dark; hair light; eyes, blue; potter; discharged Apr. 19, 17S2; 
also, name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777; residence and credited to 
Watertown ; also, name in index of Continental Army books, as 
having served 3 yrs. in 13th Regt., Major's Co. 

Prentice, Thomas. Name on return of Capt. Enoch Ciiapin's 
CO., Col. Danielson's regt., Roxbury Camp, Oct. 6, i775 ! also list 
of men who guarded the powder house at Watertown from July 
28, 1776 to Aug. I, 1776, under direction of Alexander Shepard, 

Jr. 

Price, Israel. Name on abstract of mileage money to and 
from camp, at one penny a mile, due Capt. Caleb Brooks' co.. 
Col. Nicholas Dike's regt. ; service 3 mos. to Dec. i, 177^' ^^ 
Dorchester Heights; dated Nov. 27, i77*^' 

Reinhart, Tillock. Name on Joseph Hosmer's list; enlisted 
Mar. 31, 1781, for 3 yrs; age, 25; height, 5 ft. 9 in. ; complexion, 
light; hair, light; eyes, blue; weaver; discharged Apr. 19, 1782. 

Richardson, Eben"". Enlisted July 4, 1780, for 6 mos. in 
Fourth Division, arriving at Springfield July 5, 17S0; ^ge, 20; 
height 5 ft. 7 in.; complexion, light; served in the artillery under 
Capt. Frothingham; discharged Dec. 21, 1780; length of service 
5 mos. 29 ds. ; traveled 215 miles from place of discharge to home ; 
name on Watertown Selectmen's return : also name on return of 
Brig. Gen. Paterson, Camp Totoway, Oct. 25, 17S0, as having 
passed muster for 6 mos. service; also, name on Major Joseph 
Hosmer's list of 6 mos. men, as per General Court resolve, passed 
June 5, 17S0. 

Rotes, Andrus. Name on Joseph Hosmer's list; enlisted 
Mar. 14, 1 781 for 3 yrs. ; age 23 ; height, 5 ft. 7I in. ; complexion, 
dark; hair, light; eyes, blue; weaver; discharged Apr. 19, 1782. 

Russell, Abel. Enlisted May 14, 1781, in Capt. Stephen 
Dana's co., Col. Josiah Whitney's regt. of militia, for service in 
Rhode Island; traveled 45 miles; length of service 2 mos. 2 ds., 
including travel (6 ds.) to camp and place of discharge home; 
roll dated South Kingston. 

Russell, William, Sergt. Name on abstract of the non-com- 
missioned officers and privates, 1st. co. Mass. Artillery, Capt. 
James Swan, Col. Thomas Crafts' Battalion ; traveled 9 miles ; 
also, same co. and regt.; service from Aug. i, 177^' ^^ Dec. i, 
1776; also, Capt. Philip Marett's (ist.) co.. Col. Crafts' regt.; 
service from Dec. i, 1776, to Feb. i, 1777 ; also same regt. ; ser- 
vice from Feb. i, 1777, to Oct. i, 1777 ; also, same regt. ; service 
from Sept. 30, 1777, to Nov. i, 1777, in Rhode Island ; also, same 
regt. ; service from Jan. i, 177S, to Aug. i, 1778 ; also, same regt. ; 
service from Aug. i, 177S, to Oct. 31, 177S; Continental Army 
pay accounts for service from Nov. i, 1778, to Feb. 26, 1779 ; also 
petition dated Boston, Feb. 26, 1779, signed by said Russell, Ad- 



I02 Watertown^s Military History. 

jutant, and other officers of Col. Crafts' regt., asking that their 
resignations be accepted, as the Legishiture had failed to redress 
their grievances ; resignations accepted in Council Feb. 26, i779' 

Sanger, David. Name on return of Capt. Edward Fuller's 
CO., Col. Brooks' regt. Company returns endorsed, "Oct. 1776;" 
said Sanger reported as in camp fit for duty ; also reported as hav- 
ing lost articles in battle. 

Sanger, Nathaniel. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777 ; resi- 
dence and credited to Watertown ; list of men mustered by Na- " 
thaniel Barber, dated Boston, Apr. 13, 1777; Capt. Child's co., 
Col. Greaton's regt. ; Continental Army pay accounts for service 
from Jan. i, 1780, to Apr. i, 1780; also, Private, Capt. Joseph 
Williams' co.. Col. John Greaton's regt. 

Sanger, Samuel. Age, 17; height, 5 ft. 5 in.; enlisted June 
21, 1778, for 9 mos., as per resolve of Apr. 20, 177^' ^y General 
Assembly; served in Capt. Stearns' co.. Col. Thatcher's regt.; 
also, name on list of men to fill the 15 Mass. Battalions, to serve 
9 mos. from time of arrival at Fish-Kill; received of Jonathan 
Warren, Commissioner, July 20, 1778; also same name, enlisted 
Oct. 21, 1779, for 3 yrs. or during the war, by Capt. Parks, and 
served in his co., loth Mass. Regt. ; also, name on Continental 
town and county rolls for 1779, as having served under Capt. 
James Cooper; also name in index of Continental Army books, 
as having served 14 mos. 10 ds. in loth Regt. 

Savs^in, Samuel. Age, 18; height, 5 ft. 11 in.; complexion, 
light; enlisted July 4, 17S0, for 6 mos. in Fourth Division Mass. 
Artillery, Capt. Frothingham, arriving at Springfield July 5, 1780; 
discharged, Jan. 4, 1781 ; length of service, 6 mos. 11 ds. ; traveled 
215 miles from place of discharge to home ; name on Watertown 
Selectmen's return ; also, name on return of Brig. Gen. Paterson, 
Camp Totoway, Oct. 25, 1780, as having passed muster for 6 
mos. service; also, name on Major Joseph Hosmer's list of 6 mos. 
men, as per resolve of General Court, passed June 5, 1780. 

Sawing, Daniel. Name on return of Capt. Edward Fuller's 
CO., Col. Brooks' regt.; Company return endorsed "Oct. 1776;" 
said Sawing reported wounded and at a private house ; also re- 
ported as having lost articles in battle. 

Shardol, Peter. Age, 17; height, 5 ft. 10 in. ; enlisted June 
19, 1778, for 9 mos. in Capt. Stearns' co.. Col. Thatcher's regt. ; 
residence, Watertown. 

Sheldern, Peter. Name on list of men to fill the 15th Mass. 
Battalions, to serve 9 mos. from time of arrival at Fish-Kill ; re- 
ceived of Jonathan Warren, commissioner, July 20, 1778; en- 
gaged for Watertown. 

Sprague, William. Name in index of Continental Army 
books; served 3 yrs. in Col. Crane's Artillery, Capt. Henry Bur- 
beck; also, name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777 ; residence and credi- 
ted to Watertown ; Continental Army accounts for service from 



Soldiers in Later Battles. 103 

Mai-. 14, 1777, to Dec. 31, 1779; also, Capt. David Briant's co., 
Col. Crane's regt. ; pay rolls for Jan. -Sept., 1777 > reported dis- 
charged Mar. 14, 17S0. 

Spring, Converse. Capt. Fuller's co., Col. Samuel Bullard's 
regt.; enlisted Aug. 20, 1777; discharged Nov. 29, 1777; service 
3 mos. 22 ds., at Stillwater ; also, Capt. Walton's co., Col. Eleazer 
Brooks' regt. of guards; joined Jan. 13, 177^! service to Apr. 
3, 1778, 2 mos. 21 ds. at Cambridge, guarding troops of con- 
vention. 

Stearns, George. Enlisted Aug. 26, 1781, in Capt. Asa 
Drury's co., Col. Turner's regt. for service in Rhode Island ; 
length of service, 3 mos. 5 ds. ; discharged Nov. 27, 1781 ; roll 
endorsed, "five months service at Rhode Island." 

Stearns, Habakkak. Enlisted May 14, 1781, in Capt. Stephen 
Dana's co., Col. Josiah Whitney's regt. of militia, for service in 
Rhode Island ; traveled 45 miles; length of service, 2 mos. 2 ds. 

Stone, Abijah. Name on returns of Capt. Fuller's co.. Col. 
Brooks' regt. ; return endorsed, "Oct. 1776;" said Stone reported 
as fit for duty ; also reported as having lost articles in battle ; also, 
Private, Capt. Phineas Stearns' co., service 5 ds. at Dorchester 
Heights. 

Stone, Moses, Sergt. Name on return of Capt. Fuller's co., 
Col. Brooks' regt. ; company return endorsed, "Oct. 1776;" said 
Stone reported fit for duty ; also reported as having lost articles in 
battle. 

Stratton, Nathan. Enlisted May 14, 1781, in Capt. Stephen 
Dana's co., Col. Josiah Whitney's regt. of militia, for service in 
Rhode Island ; traveled 45 miles ; length of service, 2 mos. 2 ds. 

Tervis, John. Name on Joseph Hosmer's list; enlisted June 
I, 1781, for 3 yrs. ; age, 15 ; height, 5 ft. \h in. ; complexion, light ; 
hair, light; eyes, blue; laborer; discharged Apr. 19, 17S2. 

Tolman, Elijah. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777; resi- 
dence and credited to Watertowrn. 

Tulford, John. Age, 17; height, 5 ft. 5 in.; enlisted for 9 
mos., as per resolve of Apr. 20, 177S, by General Assembly; 
served in Capt. Stearns' co.. Col. Thatcher's regt. 

Ward, THAD^ Name in index of Continental Army books; 
served 14 mos. 20 ds. in 13th Regt., Commander Smith ; also 
name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777 ; residence and credited to Water- 
town. 

Warren, Nathan. Enlisted for 9 mos., as per resolve of 
June 9, 1779, by General Assembly ; served in Capt. Stearns' co., 
Col. Stearns' regt. ; also, name on Continental town and county 
rolls, 1779 ; age, 17 ; height, 5 ft. 5 in. ; complexion, light ; served 
under Lieut. William Story ; also, name in index of Continental 
Army books ; served 14 mos. 12 ds. in loth Regt. 



104. Watcrtown^s Alilitary History. 

Warren, Nath'. Enlisted for 3 yrs. or during the war, Sept. 
20, 1779, by Capt. Smith ; served in loth Mass. Regt. under Capt. 
Taylor. 

Warren, Samuel. Name in index of Continental Army books ; 
served 33 mos. 26 ds. in 3rd Regt., Commander Foster ; also name 
on list of 3 yrs. men, i777 ? residence and credited to Watertown. 

Waumpey, Isaac. Name on Joseph Hosmer's list ; enlisted 
Dec, 27, 1780, for 3 yrs.; age, 22; height, 6 ft. o in. ; Indian ; 
hair, black; eyes, black; hunter; discharged Apr. 19, 1782. 

Weixh, James. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777 ; residence 
and credited to Watertow^n. 

Wheeler, Ephraim. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777 ; resi- 
dence and credited to Watertown. 

Whiting, John. Receipt for bounty, £75, Boston, Apr. i, 
1778, from the town of Watertown, to serve in the Continental 
Army for 3 yrs. 

Whitney, David. Name on return of Capt. Fuller's co.. Col. 
Brooks' regt. 

Whitney, John. Name on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777; residence 
and credited to Watertown. 

Willington, John. Name on Major Joseph Hosmer's list ; 
enlisted Feb. 23, 17S1, for 3 yrs.; age, 42; height, 5 ft. 5 in.; 
complexion, light ; hair, light ; eyes, blue ; cordwainer ; discharged 
Apr. 19, 1782; also name on list of 3 yrs. men, i777' residence 
and credited to Watertown. 

Willington, Jonathan. Name in index of Continental Army 
books ; served 6 mos. 20 ds. in 13th Regt., Major's co. ; also, name 
on list of 3 yrs. men, 1777; residence and credited to Watertown ; 
served 4 yrs. in 13th Regt., under Commander Smith; received 
$200 bounty. 

Willson, Thos. Enlisted May 14, 1781, in Capt. Stephen 
Dana's co., Col. Josiah Whitney's regt. of militia, for service in 
Rhode Island ; traveled 45 miles ; length of service, 2 mos. 2 ds. 

WiNSHiP, Joshua. Enlisted Dec. 7, 1779, for 3 yrs. or during 
the war, by Lieut. Marton ; served in 2nd Mass. Regt. under 
Capt. Bradford. 






*c Xa ^^TJt 






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tyr/b- *-^^*'^<^ /^a/^^/^^r^e^ ^^^!^^> /^^^^^^'/^^^ 



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/-T^ X**"^ 







JONATHAN BROWN'S BILL. 
For Service in the Provincial Congress. 



J 



JONATHAN BROWN'S PAYMENTS. 



In the civil and military affairs of Watertown, preceding and 
during the Revolution, the personality of Jonathan Brow^n stands 
forth with special prominence. He it was who served continu- 
ously as the town's representative in the sessions o£ the Pro- 
vincial Congress. Bond's History states that he was born 
Aug. 24, 1724, and died Nov. 25, 1797. He was Captain 
of a Company at Lake George, in 175S; was town clerk and 
treasurer, a justice of the peace, and Representative of Water- 
town from 1772 to 17S6, inclusive. He also acted as Commis- 
sary of Military Stores at Watertown in 1775 and 177^' ^"^ 
was a member of the Committee on Supplies in i775- -^ ^^^' 
simile cut of one of his bills for services rendered the town 
is given in this book. His conscientiousness is shown by this 
bill. The total sum charged is £22 for attendance in General 
Court in 1774, May sessions, 17 days; in October, at Salem, 3 
days ; at Concord, 4 days ; at Cambridge, two sessions, 24 days ; 
in February, 1775, 14 days, at Cambridge, and in March and 
April, 20 days at Concord : a total of 82 days, for which, and ex- 
penses of travel, the town paid him the equivalent of $110 in our 
form of currency. He adds an explanatory note, as follows : "I 
have not charged either the Sabbaths, or travel to Concord or 
Cambridge, nor for any time in Congress while sitting in Water- 
town." 

He was a member of the committees selected by the town to fill 
its quotas, and, as Treasurer, he had occasion to pay the soldiers 
for military services rendered. From the Treasurer's book it ap- 
pears that Jonathan Brown made payments to various persons, 
from 1778 to 17S3, as follows: 

1778. £ s d 

July 20. Newton Baxter, services at Ticonderoga 
in 1776, 

Eben''. Eustis for do., 
Aug. 17. Selectmen, for arms, 
Sept. 8. Jed'\ Leathe, a grant made to his son 
John, 

John Wellington, war service, 

Francis Brown, " " 
Sept. 21. Hugh Mason, " " 

Oct. 16. Phin^ Child, " " 

Simon Whitney, expenses in war, 

Daniel Whitney, expenses in war, 



5 








5 


6 





65 





2 


22 








8 








5 








20 








12 








7 


13 


4 


7 


5 


4 



io6 



Watertown^s Military History. 



Dec. 23. 



Dec. 25. 



1779. 
Jan. 2. 



Mar. i6- 
June 2S. 

Apr. 12. 



Aug. II, 



Sept 


13 


Oct. 


18. 


Oct. 


20. 




22. 


Nov. 


29. 
29 



1780. 

Feb. 15. 
Feb. 19. 
Paid the 



Spencer Godding, war services in 1775 

and 177^' 
Richard Everit, war service, 
Samuel White, " 

Joel White, " " 

Phin*. Harrington, " " 

Daniel Cornwall, " " 

James Austin, "■ " 

John Stimson, " " 

Elka*^. Wales " " 

Amos Bond, " " 

Edmund Fowle, '' " 
Bez'. Learned, " " 

Jon^. Brown, jr., " " 

Marshall Spring, money advanced for 

war, 
Francis Brown, war service, 
Samuel Fisk, money advanced, 

Sami. Whitney, " " 

Oliver M". Roe " " 

Tilly Meatl, war service, 

Dorothy Coolidge, training expense. 

Cash received of Selectmen, being boun- 
ties allowed 4 men who went to Rhode 
Island last year, 

Nathaniel Harrington, by order of his 
son Peter, for war service, 

Elnathan Whitney, by order of Samuel 
Warrin, for war service, 

Samuel Wellington, order of John Ben- 
jamin, for enlisting into the Conti- 
nental Army, for Watertown, 

Jonas Bond, war service, on order of 
Amos Bond, 

David Bemis and others, to hire men to 
go to North River, 

Paid do. for do., 

JVIoses Stone, for do., 

David Bemis, to hire men, 

Jon'^. Stone and others, for war service, 

Joshua CooUidge, for do., 

Nath^ Stone, for David and Abijah Stone, 

for war service, 
John Cook, money advanced for war, 

etc., 
following for money advanced to carry on 
the war : 

William Watson, 



22 










6 


13 


^ i 


7 


13 


4 




6 


•3 


4 




9 










5 










5 










6 


13 


4 




10 










6 


13 


4 




4 


18 







6 


13 


4 




H 


10 







10 










I 


13 


4 




7 










10 










7 


10 







22 










4 


5 


2 








1 






' 












71 










4 










22 








• 


24 








I 


22 










568 


17 


4 




660 


12 







201 


6 





f 


444 










460 


15 







H 


10 







II 


13 


4 


1 


13 


4 


4 





200 



Jonathan Brown's Payments. 107 

Tho^ Pattin, 
Benj". Harris, 
Jon^ Child, 
Simon Hastings, 
Eires Tiiinter, 
Moses CooUidge, 
John Chenery, 
Phin". Stearnes, 
Josiah Capen, money advanced for war, 
Cash for counterfeit money, 
James Flag, for his son's bounty, 
Cash paid Mr. Sanger out of bounties allowed : 
John Whitney's, 
David Whitney's, 
Jonas Coollidge's, 
John Wellington's, 
John Crane's, 
Mar. 4. Cornelius Park, for war service. 

Paid John Draper, Constable, for coun- 
terfeit money, 
Do. for bread, April, i775' 
Do., money advanced for war, 
Mar. 10. Sam^ Sanger, war service, 

13. Amos Bond, " " etc., 

Sam'. Benjamin " " " 

Apr. 12. Nath'. Sanger, for going to Canada, 
Oct. 30. Major John Gardner, agent, beef for 

army, 
Nov. 20. Paid do. for do.. 

Counterfeit money, 60 dollars. 
Major John Gardner, for beef, 
Jon*. Brown, for services in convention. 
Do., to pay for beef, 
1781. 
May 14. Josiah Capen and others, to hire men, 
May 23. Lt. Amos Bond, by Edmund Fowle, 

Also do. hard JE15 o, equal to 
May 31. Major John Gardner, in lieu of beef, 
Aug. 27. David Sanger, to hire men, by Moses 

Stone, iirSSS o o 

Josiah Capen and others, to hire men, in 

full of accts., 4^075 10 o 

Do. for like service, 12,000 o o 

Nov. 20. Amos Bond, by Henry Bradshaw, to 

hire men, 7° ^ 5 

1782. 
Jan. 27. Paid do. for do., 39 18 O 

Bounties of £6,6,8 each were paid to the following 
for war service, a total of £88,13.4: 



10 


13 


4 


24 








4 
6 


17 
13 


4 
4 


t 


13 
13 


4 
4 


10 








'I 



6 




8 


6 


10 





2 








2 


2 


4 


2 


H 


3 


I 





I 


I 





I 





10 


10 


22 








5 


6 





I 
6 

1 


I 

13 


4 



4 
4 





20 








4,696 
iS 


16 

4 








9,180 








204 








24 








3,000 








5,400 








1,125 








13,822 









io8 



Waterto'wrCs Military History. 



Amos Bond, Eben^ Eustis, Step". Hagar, Benj. Learned, Jos^'. 
Bright, Nat^ Bright, Simon Whitney, John Draper, 
W"\ Leathe, Jonas White, Edw**. Harrington, Sam^ 
White, Josiah Capen, Daniel Mason, John vStimson, 
Henry Whiting, Step". Whiting, Francis Brown, 
Simon Hastings, David Bemis, Nathan Coollidge, 
Josiah Norcross, Newton Baxter, W"\ Baxter, David 
Smith, Joel White, Daniel Whitney, W". Watson, 
Sam^ Jenison, jr. 



1783- 
June 27. 



Paid Sam^ Benjamin in full, 8 mos. ser- 
vice, 



£080 



BOND'S LIST OF SOLDIERS. 



In the exhaustive Genealogical History of Watertovvn, pub- 
lished by Henry Bond, to the compilation of which he devoted 
many years of thoughtful care, there is a bewildering array of 
military titles. Just how many of these were complimentary it 
is impossible to decide. In order to amplify to some degree the 
list already presented, the following names and descriptions of 
service have been selected from Bond and placed in alphabetical 
order. These cover the Colonial and Revolutionary periods, as 
well as some services of still later date. 

Bond states that the quota of Watertown for the Pequod war, 
under date of April i8, 1637, included Capt. Mason, Capt. Wil- 
lard, Lieut. Goodenow, Lieut. Beers and Sergt. Wincoll. 

The following names of soldiers were taken from Bond's His- 
tory of Watertown : 

Baldwin, Isaac. He was killed at the battle of Bunker 
Hill. 

Ball, John. Was born in 1644; Oct. 21, 1665, he sold to 
William Perry his farm in Watertown, which he had purchased 
of John Lawrence, and went to Lancaster, where he was killed 
by the Indians, Sept. 10, 1675. He was a son of John Ball, who 
was said to have come from Wiltshire, England, and was admitted 
freeman in 1650. 

Barnard, Samuel, Major. Was baptized June 19, 1737. 
Was one of the Boston "Tea Boys" and a Major in the Revolu- 
tionary Army ; he died Aug. 8, 17S2; was a son of Samuel Bar- 
nard and Susanna Harrington, and married Mar. 24, i773» Eliza- 
beth Bond; they had five children. 

Barsham, Nathan, Capt. Was a Lieut, in the forces raised 
in 1690, for an expedition against Canada. 

Beers, Eliezer. Was a member of Capt. Cutler's company 
in 1696. He married Susanna Cutting Apr. 21, 1690, and died 
Dec. 5, 1701. 

Beers, Elnathan. He served as Sergeant in the company of 
his father, Capt. Richard Beers, and later under Capt. Joseph 
Sill; married Sarah Tainter, in 16S1. Was blessed with five 
children, and died in 1696. 

Bemis, Edmund. Was born Nov. i, 1720; died Dec, iSoo; 
was a Lieutenant at the capture of Louisburg, and a Captain in 
the expedition to Crown Point, 1755-56. 



II o Water town's Military History. 

Bemis, Jonas. Was born Mar. 25, 1737; died May 7, 1790; 
was a soldier in the French war and the Revolution. Married 
Dolly Wood of Brookfield. He was son of Samuel Bemis and 
Sarah Barnard, who settled first in Sudbury, and in 1721 moved 
to Spencer, and was the second settler in that tovv^n, where he 
died in August, 1776. 

Bemis, Jonathan. Was born June 12, 1762; married Sept. 

22, 1 78 1, to Mary Stearns; moved to Paris, Me., about 1800, 
where he died July 5, 1828. He was a Captain and an inn- 
keeper, and was the son of David Bemis. 

Bemis, William, Capt. Was born Nov. i, 1722 ; died March 

23, iSoi. He was a Captain, and married July 5, 1750, Rebekah 
White; was a son of Samuel Bemis and Sarah Barnard. 

Benjamin, Samuel. Was baptized Feb. 10, 1753; was a 
LieuL in the Revolutionary Army. He was son of Abel Ben- 
jamin. Married, in 1783, Tabitha Livermore, and settled in 
Livermore, Me. 

BiGELow, Benjamin. Was born Jan. 20, 16S3-4 > ^^'''^^ wounded 
in the public service previous to 170S; died Oct. 27, 1709, of a 
fall from a horse ; he was son of Joshua Bigelow and Elizabeth 
Flagg. 

Bigelow, Jabez. Was a Lieut, in West Point at the time of 
Arnold's treason. 

Bigelow, Joshua. Was born Nov. 5, 1655 ; married Eliza- 
beth Flagg Oct. 20, 1676; was wounded in King Pliilip's War, 
and later received a grant of land in Worcester. He died in 
Westminster, Mass., Feb. 21, 1745, aged 90. He had 11 child- 
ren. His Father, John Bigelow, a blacksmith, married Mary 
Warren, Oct. 30, 1642, this being the earliest marriage found in 
the town records. 

Bigelow, Timothy. Was born June 20, 1703 ; was a Lieut, 
in his Majesty's service; was son of Jonathan Bigelow, and mar- 
ried Abigail Olcott. 

BiscoE, John. Was born in Watertown April 10, 173S ; was 
a soldier at Lake George in 1756 or '7 ; went to Spencer, Mass., 
in 1763; was son of Thomas Biscoe of Watertown and Abigail 
Mason; married May 10, 1764. 

Bond, Amos. He was born Mar. 22, 1749; died Aug. 8, 181 7. 
He served as Representative for Watertown most of the time from 
1788 to i8o3 ; was repeatedly elected senator of Aliddiesex county, 
and was a member of the Governor's council. He was a Col. of 
militia. 

Bond, Charles. He was a son of Col. William, and was 
born Feb. 16, 1769. He was Captain of militia in Watertown, 
and a Selectman; died in Keene, N. H., Nov. 19, iSoi. 

Bond, Jonas, Col. He married, Jan. 29, i68S-'9, Grace 
Coolidge, and April 11, 1699, married Mrs. Elizabeth Prentice; 



Bond's List of Soldiers. 1 1 1 

he held a justice's commission for more than 24 years, and was 
sometimes called the ''Marrying Squire" ; he belonged to the mili- 
tary force sent into Canada in 1690; represented the town in the 
General Court, and was entrusted with its most important muni- 
cipal business; was Lieut. -Col. of a company of militia; died in 
1727, aged 63 years. 

Bond, William, Col. Was the grandfather of Watertown's 
historian, Henry Bond ; served under Col. Thomas Gardner at 
the battle of Bunker Hill, where Col. Gardner was mortally 
wounded. Lieut.-Col. Bond succeeded to the command, and 
subsequently marched with the regular army to New York, and 
was ordered to Canada by way of the lakes. Upon his return he 
encamped on Mount Independence, opposite Ticonderoga, where 
he died Aug. 31, 1776. During his services in New York and 
Canada he was accompanied by his third son Henry, then quite a 
lad, who was present at the death of his patriotic father. 

His son Henry married Hannah, eldest daughter of Capt. 
Phineas Stearns, of Watertown, and moved to Livermore, Me., 
where he had purchased land and several mills ; was an active, 
influential citizen, and died Mar. 27, i79^' '^g^d 34 years. 

Bond, William. He was a son of Col. William ; was born 
Oct. 24, 1765, and died Mar. 28, 1819; was a Col. in the Mass. 
militia, and resided in Watertown until 1808, when he moved to 
Surry and afterward Gilsum, N. H., where he died. 

Bond, William. Was a son of Jonas and Rose Bond of Bury 
St. Edmunds, Eng. ; was baptized Sept. 3, 1625 ; came to Water- 
town where he married, Feb. 7, 1649, Sarah Biscoe, daughter of 
Nathaniel Biscoe, the rich tanner, who died Feb. 15, i692-'3 ; 
married in 1695, Mrs. Elizabeth Nevinson of Watertown ; he died 
Dec. 14, 1695, his widow surviving 25 years ; the children were 9 
by first wife ; in 1676 he was a Lieut, of a company of horse, per- 
haps under Capt. Thomas Prentice. In 1692, those parts of 
Watertown which were later Watertown, Wallham and Weston, 
were designated as the precincts of Capt. Bond's co., Capt. Gar- 
field's CO., and Lieut. Jones' co. ; Oct. 7? 1679, he was appointed 
on a committee consisting of Capt. Thomas Prentice, Mr. W". 
Bond and Deacon John Stone, to rebuild Lancaster, which had 
been destroyed by the Indians. 

Bowman, Joshua. He v/as baptized Feb. 15, 1746-7; a 
graduate of Harvard College, 1766; was a Captain of Dragoons 
in the Continental Army, and died, shot from his horse, at 
Charleston, S. C, Mar. 30, 1780. 

Bowman, Samuel, Capt. He enlisted at the outbreak of the 
Revolution and served till its close ; is said to have been with 
Major Andre the night before the execution, and to have com- 
manded the guards that led Andre to the gallows. 

Brown, Ebenezkr. Was born Dec. 29, 1730; died at Ticon- 
deroga, aged 28. 



112 Watertown^s Military History. 

Brown, Phineas. He was in the battle of Saratoga, and 
served several months during the war. 

Cakebread, Thomas, Capt. Was admitted freeman May 14, 
1634; was a proprietor of Watertown in 1636-7 and 1642 ; set- 
tled in Watertown, but probably resided a short time in Dedham ; 
was called a renowned soldier of Watertown in Mr. Haven's ad- 
dress (1S36), and was invited to be at the head of military affairs 
in Dedham ; he was one of the original members of the Ancient 
and Honorable Artillery Co., and in Sept. 1643, was appointed 
by the General Court "to lead the Company of Sudbury as En- 
sign" ; died in Sudbury, Jan. 4, i643-'4. 

Chester, John. Was born in Watertown Aug. 3, 1635 ; was 
a Captain of Wethersfield ; admitted freeman May, 1658 ; was a 
member of the first troop in Conn. ; he was very useful and influ- 
ential. 

Chinery, John. Was a son of Lambert ; married in Water- 
town, Mar. 12, 1655-6, Sarah Boylston ; was wounded by the In- 
dians in battle at Northfield, Sept. 4, 1675, and died the next day, 
leaving one child. 

CooLiDGE, John. Was a carpenter, and son of John Coolidge 
of Watertown ; married and settled in Sherburne. He was a sol- 
dier in King Philip's War. He had 8 children. 

Coolidge, John. Was sometimes designated as Ensign ; took 
the oath of fidelity in 1652 ; married, Nov. 14, 1655, Hannah 
Livermore ; she died Dec. 23, 167S, aged 45, and he married, Sept. 
16, 1679, Mary Maddock ; had 14 children ; was son of John 
Coolidge, one of the earliest proprietors, who was admitted free- 
man May 25, 1636. 

Coolidge, Joseph. Was a soldier in the French war ; bap- 
tized in 1698 ; died in 1724. 

Coolidge, Joseph. A son of Simon Coolidge, a bricklayer; 
was born June 18, 1730, and married Eunice Stratton, Sept. il, 
1753 ; was killed at the battle of Lexington, Apr. 19, 1775- 

Coolidge, Lewis. Was born Sept. i6, 1783 ; was taken 
prisoner by the British in 18 14, and lost his property. After his 
exchange he went to Vermont as teacher until 181S, when he 
moved to Waltham, Vt., afterwards to Illinois. 

Coolidge, Nathaniel. He married, Sept. 19, 1751, Dorothy 
Whitney; he kept a public house from 1764 to 1770, on the south 
side of the river at VVatertown bridge, the first house. 

Coolidge, Samuel. He enlisted. Mar. 12, 1745-6, to go to 
Cape Breton. 

Corey, Isaac. Was born Jan. 9, 1739-40; was a soldier at 
Lake George in 17585 i» Capt. Jonathan Brown's Company. 

Craft, Abner. An innholder of Watertown in 1772 ; a Cap- 
tain in the 25th Regiment of Continental Army in 1775 ; he left 9 
children. 



Bond's List of Soldiers. 113 

Cutting, David. Was burnt to death during the Revolution- 
ary war in a barn, where he hiy with a broken leg. 

Dix, John. Was a surgeon in the U. S. Navy : died on board 
U. S. sloop of war Cyane, off the coast of Africa, April 16, 1S23. 

Dix, Stephen. Was born June 30, 1735 ; died abroad in the 
army in 1755. 

FiSKE, Robert, Lieut. Was admitted freeman May 18, 1631 ; 
Sept. 4, 1632, Lieut, under Capt. Patrick ; died in 1663-3, leaving 
JE9 ; was one of tho earliest and largest proprietors; Selectman in 
1637, '39, '40 ; Representative in 1634, '35 and '36 ; was appointed 
Lieut, by the Court, and is said to have united with Capt. Patrick 
in the purchase of Greenwich, Conn. ; appears to have become 
impoverished ; died at the house of Samuel Thatcher, who dis- 
posed of his estate to pay expenses. 

Finch, John. He came over with Gov. Wintlirop in 1630. 
In i636-'7, he settled in Watertovvn, where his wigwam and all 
of his goods were burned ; was one of a small colony tliat first set- 
tled VVethersfield, Conn. ; was killed by an Indian Oct. 30, 1637. 

Firman, John. He settled in Watertown, where his wigwam 
was burned Nov. 10, 1630; was admitted freeman May iS, 163 1 ; 
returned to England and re-embarked from Ipswich for New E<ig- 
land Apr. 1634, then aged 46; was a Deacon and also a Select- 
man in 163S; his heirs sold his lands in Watertown to Barnabas 
Farr of Boston, who resold to Richard Beers, Feb. 25, 1652-3. 

FiSKE, Nathan, Lieut. Was born in Watertown, Oct. 17, 
1642 ; died Oct. 1694 ; bought of Thomas Underwood 220 acres of 
land in Weston for £10 ; inventory, £151. 

Flagg, Gershom, Lieut. Was born in Watertown, April 16, 
1641 ; settled in Woburn ; killed by the Indians at Lamphrey 
River, July 6, 1690. 

Flagg, Timothy. Born Mar. 10, 1 740-1; belonged to the 
force sent to Lake George in 175S, and was a soldier of the Revo- 
lution. 

Flagg, William. Was killed by the Indians at Lancaster, 
Aug. 22, 1675. 

FuLHAM, Jacob. Was born Nov. 19, 1693; served as Ser- 
geant in Capt. Lovewell's co. and was killed by the Indians at 
Pigwacket (Fryesburg) in "Lovewell's Fight," May 8, 1725. "A 
Sergeant named Fulham, and an Indian, distinguished by his 
dress and activity, singled each other out, and botli fell, mutually 
slain, each by his antagonist's weapon;" he was son of Major 
Francis Fulham ; he married, Feb. 28, 1 715-16, Tabitha Whitney, 

Fuller, David. Was born Sept. 14, 1787; was purser's 
steward in the U. S. sloop of war Wasp, Capt. Jones, when she 
captured the Frolic. 

Garfield, Benjamin, Capt. Was Representative of Water- 
town 9 times, between 16S9 ^^^ ^7^7» ^^^ held numerous muni- 



114 



Waterioivn's Military History. 



cipal appointments. He was born in 1643 ; admitted freeman 
Apr. 18, 1690; died Nov. 28, 1717, aged 74. 

Hammond, John, Lieut. Was a son of Wm. Hammond; 
was born in Enjjland, and when 7 years old came here with his 
parents and two sisters, leaving Ipswich, Eng., Apr. 1634; had 
3 wives and 9 children, his wives being Abigail, Sarah and Pru- 
dence ; he died Nov. 22. 17091 aged over 80 years; in 1690, his 
assessment was the largest in the town, and next to his was that 
of William Bond, Esq. 

Harrington, Edward. Was born May 22, 1735 ; a Captain 
in the Revolution; died at Ticonderoga, Sept. 23, i77^' 

Harrington, George. Was born Nov. 24, 1655; belonged 
to Capt. VVadsworth's company and was killed by the Indians in 
Lancaster, Feb. 1675-6. 

Hastings, William. Resident of Watertown ; belonged to 
Capt. Jonathan Brown's co. at lake George in i758' 

Jenison, William. Was one of the first who desired to be 
admitted freeman, Oct. 19, 1630; was a member of the Artillery 
CO. in 1637; Captain of the train band, 1638; Selectman and 
Representative ; commanded one of the companies sent, in 1636, 
to avenge the murder of John Oldham, by the Pequod Indians, at 
Block Island; returned to England soon after 1645, where he 
died. 

Johnson, Caleb. Was accidentally shot. May 4, 1654, "^^r 
his house " in the Liberties of Watertown." 

Learned, Jedediah. He belonged to Capt. Jonathan 
Brown's CO. at lake George, in i75S- 

NoRCROSS, Samuel. Was born Oct. 14, 1689 ; was a soldier 
in the expedition to Canada; died in Durham, Conn., in 1724, 
where he had lived 6 yrs. 

Olcott, John. He was born Nov. 21, 1739; was married to 
Hannah Wardsworth June 30, i77i' He was Major of Col. 
Ward's 21st Regt. of the Continental Army, and accompanied Col. 
Arnold in his expedition to Canada. 

Pendleton, Bryan, Capt. Was made freeman Sept. 3, 1632 ; 
was Selectman and Representative ; a member of the artillery co. 
in 1646; a Capt. in Watertown; a Major in Portsmouth; coun- 
cilor in 1680. 

Randall, John. Was born Oct. 2, 1750; said to have been 
one of the "Boston Tea Boys." 

Sab'ford, Thomas. Resident of Watertown ; he belonged to 
Capt. Jonathan Brown's co. at lake George in 1758. 

Saltmarsh, William, Lieut. Was a Lieut, under Capt. 
Jonathan Brown at Lake George in i75S' 

Sanger, Richard. Was born in Sudbury ; moved to Water- 
town in 1649, Sept 8; he with his two sons and 3 others, during 
King Philip's war, guarded the mill in Watertown. 



Bond's List of Soldiers. 115 

Seeley, Robert. Was one of the first settlers of Watertown ; 
was admitted freeman May iS, 1630 ; in 1636 he went to Wethers- 
field, Conn. ; was probably the Lieut. Seeley in the Pequod war, 
and perhaps the Capt. Seeley of Stratford, killed in battle by the 
Indians, in Dec. 1675. 

Sherman, John, Capt. He came to America in 1634; was 
admitted freeman May 17, 1637 ; was Selectman, town clerk and 
Representative; died Jan. 25, 1690; born in Dedham co., Eng., 
in 1613. 

Spring, Jeduthan. Was a Corporal in Capt. Jonathan 
Brown's Co. at Lake George in 175S, and his brother Josiah was 
a private in the same company ; both of Watertown. 

Spring, Marshall. Was a physician ; arrived early at Lex- 
ington Apr. 19, 1775; born Feb. 19, 1741-2; died Jan. 7, 1818; 
a tory. 

Stearns, Asa. He enlisted in Col. Ward's Mass. Reg. the 
day after the battle of Bunker Hill ; was with the Americans at 
Long Island in i77^' ^'^^' ^^ ^'^^ battle of White Plains ; served 20 
mos. in Col. Ward's Reg. and then joined Col. Cilley's Reg. of 
N. Hampshire, in which he served 3 yrs. ; was at the capture of 
Burgoyne, in the battle of Monmouth, and with Gen. Sullivan at 
Wyoming, where he suffered excessively from privations; later 
was at sea in a privateer and helped capture the ''Hannah," richly 
laden with merchandise and which was taken to New Haven; 
after the war he moved to New Hampshire; died Feb. 2, 1852. 

Stearns, Peter. Was born Aug. 3, 1742, in Watertown ; 
enlisted in the French war and never returned ; estate administered 
in 1758. 

Stearns, Phinehas, Capt. Resident of Watertown ; was a 
soldier at Lake George, where he commanded a company. 

Stone, Moses, Capt. He owned a large part of the land 
which is now Mt. Auburn. 

Tainter, John, Jr. He belonged to Capt. Jonathan Brown's 
CO. in 17585 'It Lake George; was born Aug. 12, 1732. 

Thompson, George. Resident of Watertown ; he belonged 
to Capt. Jonathan Brown's co. at Lake George in 1758. 

Wellington, George. He was born Oct. 21, 1749; was a 
Revolutionary soldier. 

Wellington, Thaddeus. Born April 5, 1758; was a Revo- 
lutionary soldier. 

White, Jedediah. Was born Feb. 3, 1734-5; belonged to 
the expedition sent to Lake George in 1758; resident of Water- 
town ; served under Capt. Jonathan Brown. 

White, William. Resident of Watertown ; was a drummer 
in Capt. Jonathan Brown's co. at Lake George in 1758- 



THE SCRAP BOOK. 



One of the most devoted students of the history of Watertown 
was Rev. Edward A. Rand. He was instrumental in the form- 
ation of the Watertown Historical Society, which was organized 
in Dr. Alfred Hosmer's parlors, Riverside Street, Nov. 20, 188S. 
At this meeting officers were chosen as follows : president, Dr. 
Alfred Hosmer ; vice-president, Rev. Edward A. Rand ; secre- 
taiy and treasurer, Solon F. Whitney. Other members of the 
standing committee : Dr. Bennett F. Davenport, and Dr. Julian 
A. Mead. 

Dr. Hosmer died suddenly on Mav 14, 1S91.; and his public 
funeral in the First Parish Cliurch (Unitarian) was largely at- 
tended and of an impressive character. Rev. Mr. Rand, in his 
scrap book, has this personal note : 

" Shall I ever forget the great, silent congregation ; the black- 
draped casket; the flowers piled up in front o' the pulpit ; the 
emblem, across which lay the purple sickle of the reaper? In 
the midst of the stillness, suddenly rose up from the gallery a 
solitary voice, clear, sweet, birdlike, alone: 'I'm but a stranger 
here.' Then came the chorus, full yet subdued : 
' Heaven is my Home.'" 

Rev. Mr. Rand succeeded as president of the society, holding 
that position up to the time of his death. He never missed a 
meeting from the date of organization till Sept. 8, 1903, a period 
of fifteen years. "• I am sorry I am so crippled I cannot go," he 
wrote Sept. 7. He died in 1903, aged 66 years. 

His grave, in the Common Street cemetery, is marked by a 
white stone cross, and is decorated every Memorial Day by Post 
81, which he had so faithfully served for years as chaplain. He 
was a true " Soldier of the Cross." 

He was also a prime mover in organizing the Watertown 
Chapter Sons of the Ameiican Revolution, a meeting for which 
purpose was held at the residence of Walter B. Snow, on Garfield 
Street, April 13, 1S9S. Tiiis chapter had as its first president 
Dr. Bennett F. Davenport, and for secretary George A. Alden. 
Its field of effort bordered so closely upon that of the Historical 
Society, the chapter, after a few years of useful service, went out 
of existence. 

From the several scrap books of these two societies, as com- 
piled by Rev. Mr. Rand, gleanings follow : 

Dorothy Coolidge's Tavern. 

This famous hostelry stands on the easterly side of Galen Street, 
near the bridge. It was built by William Williams, a shipbuilder, 



The Scrap Book. 117 

in 1740-42. Subsequently this house became the property of 
Nathaniel Coolidge, who kept a tavern, as licensed innholder, 
from 1 764 to 1770, when he died, and was succeeded by his 
widow, Dorothy (Whitney). 

This tavern was a popular resort for business and social meet- 
ings. During the War of the Revolution, both American and 
British officers were entertained here. There are many inter- 
esting records of Madame Coolidge's table. She was famous for 
her Johnny-cake, and served some, hot and golden, to volunteers 
the morning of the battle of Lexington. 

The legislators of Massachusetts met here, while stoves were 
set up in the meeting house. Here, in i775' rendezvoused the 
Committee of Safety. In front of the door swung a sign-board 
bearing a portrait of George III., which was afterwards replaced 
by that of George Washington. 

General Washington stopped at Ma'am Coolidge's for breakfast, 
July 2, 1775? and had some of her famous Johnny-cake. In Oc- 
tober, 17S9, President Washington again visited Watertown, on 
his way to Boston, took supper, and lodged in the tavern, occu- 
pying a room near the river. He was served by attendants in 
white dresses and checked aprons. 

It is recorded that Lady Washington came in great state to 
Watertown, Dec. 11, i775' riding in her coach and four, attended 
by colored postilions in gay livery of scarlet and white, a military 
escort and guard of honor. 



Paul Revere in Lexington. 
Rev. E. A. Rand. 

" Sam" Adams and John Hancock, exiles from Boston, " fire- 
brands of treason" that General Gage wanted, were sheltered in 
the house of Rev. Jonas Clark, Lexington, the night before the 
battle of April 19, 1775. 

And hark ! between 12 and i there is the sound of a horse gal- 
loping up to this very parsonage where the minister is secreting 
two rebels. It is a patriot messenger, Paul Revere. There is a 
house guard of eight men under Sergeant Munroe. To them the 
rebels are a republic's jewel in this clerical casket. Revere 
clamors for admittance. The sergeant refuses it. The family is 
abed. No noise must be made. 

"Noise," cries Revere. "You'll have noise enough here be- 
fore long. The regulars are coming out." 

He bangs at the door. Ah, the parson in his night-cap, maybe ; 
but if so, a cap full of wonder, runs his head out of a window. 

He asks : " Who's there?" The parson is on guard. 

One of the jewels now appears. He recognizes a friend. 
" Come in. Revere ; we are not afraid of you ! " Not afraid, and 
they trust the messenger. 

The clerical casket is empty of its jewels in the morning. I 
can seem to catch a " God bless you" from the minister who re- 
ceived them and now follows them to the door. 



Ii8 Watertown's Military History. 

The Battle of Lexington. 

The Boston News Letter. 

Major Pitcairn, with his aids, hastily rode up the Bedford road, 
passed around the meeting house, and returned by the Concord 
road. 

Having thus reconnoitred this handful of men, he drew his 
pistol and cried : " Disperse, rebels; throw down your arms and 
disperse"; gave orders to fire, and fired his own pistol. His 
soldiers at the same time ran up huzzaing, and fired at first some 
scattering guns, which were immediately followed by a general 
discharge that did no injury, except wounding one man slightly, 
and the fire was not returned, but the second was fatal to several 
Americans. They immediately returned the fire as far as the 
confusion in their ranks from the number of killed and wounded 
would permit. But it is supposed they fired too high, as the 
blood on the road where the Britisli stood appeared to have been 
drawn from those in the rear of the British ranks that were en- 
gaged. The militia dispersed immediately after firing, but were 
shot at as they retreated. 

Nearly half in their ranks had been killed or wounded by the 
regulars before the militia had fired a single musket. The British 
rushed forward to bayonet the remainder. 



The Battle of Bunker Hill. 
Rev. E. A. Rand. 

And here comes Gen. Joseph Warren, president of the Pro- 
.vincial Congress at VVatertown, now Massachusetts' Capital. 
Can't you see that man coming over Bunker Hill, gun in hand? 
It is Warren, spirited and sacrificing. He will go to yon rail 
fence, stand a bit of a while by a cannon, and then go to the 
redoubt. He will never go from it, but he does not know it. 

The brave officer in command is William Prescott. 

And the astonished British? "We must carry those works 
immediately," says General Gage. 

And here they come, the British regulars, having landed at 
Morton's Point, that to-day's navy yard covers. 

Along the slope of Breed's Hill is a scarlet line that dares the 
assault, and falls back like autumn leaves when the wind strikes 
them. 

Again the scarlet line moves up, and again the tempest of fire 
from the redoubt drives back the autumn leaves. Once more the 
scarlet line goes up the hill, into and through the redoubt! It is 
a brave three-fold assault, and the same kind of British blood is 
on the farmers' side, who, without bread for their hunger, water 
for their thirst, fight in the heat of a June day, succeeding a night 
without sleep, a night of toil. 

An awful cost to the scarlet line ! 




MATOR-GENERAL JOSEPH WARREX. 



The Scrap Book. 119 

The Watertown Meeting House. 
Rev. E. A. Rand. 

This is the Meeting House on Watertown Common in i775- 
It is a plain kind of a box, with two rows of eyes. There is not 
only a floor demanding windows, but three galleries. There are 
three doors, — in the front of southern wall, in the eastern, in a 
tower on the sunset side. The main entrance, the southern, is 
from the village common, an open, semi-civilized piece of green. 
At the eastern end of the meeting house there are horse-sheds, 
and on the Sabbath they overrun with as much life as the meeting 
house. On town-meeting days, it is a kind of life in the long 
sheds that may behave much better. There is a space of stillness 
between the sheds and the meeting house, for up to the latter creep 
the blue stones in the village graveyard, as if to gain shelter from 
the northeast storms sweeping from the Atlantic, a few miles 
away, sweeping shatteringly adown the slopes of Meeting House 
Hill. Beyond the graveyard, in a sombre isolation, is that shabby 
structure known as " the hearse house," with its one dismal occu- 
pant of the town hearse, the children's awe, the old man's chariot 
to Paradise. 

Come round to that tower at the West end, a tower that sup- 
ports a belfry that looks as if built for no other purpose than to 
hold up a rooster that never crows, but swings submissively with 
the wind. 

That faithful Provincial Congress, the last of its race. How it 
gave new lustre to the country town that it visited, making Water- 
town the capital of Massachusetts. Farmers were to be disci- 
plined into soldiers. One day the Provincial Congress rose up to 
greet George Washington. He came to the meeting house, Sun- 
day, July 2, 1775* -^ '^^'^ imagine the scene. How crowded must 
the house have been ! The honorable president of Congress, 
James Warren, tendered a message to Washington. How they 
listened, up in the singers' gallerv, down on the floor, and even 
the tithing man, if assisting the Congress, must have forgotten to 
wield his rod, his mouth open, his eyes staring! 

But look down at the pews lining the walls, and then at those 
filling the body of the house. The popular style is not of this 
century, a slip not only slender but curved, as in an amphitheatre, 
but a good-sized square box. The " slip " suggests the individual ; 
the old-fashioned pew is the symbol of the family. There is no 
furnace, not even a stove, in the meeting house. There is a thick 
mantling of the body with winter comforts on an Arctic morning, 
while upon the floor of the old box-pew is deposited a little foot- 
stove with ruddy coals, and this stove is slipped under the feet of 
mother. Grandmother will have one ; Aunt Nabby, too, who is 
feeble. 



I20 Watertown^ s Military History. 

Robert Harrington. 

W. S. Harrington, in the Eastport (^Me.) Sentinel. 
Sept. 20, 1901. 

Robert Harrington, who settled in Watertown, Mass., in 1642, 
was the ancestor of the whole Harrington family then in the 
United States. In 1713, three Harringtons who were cousins 
settled in Lexington. In 1775, eleven Harringtons were enrolled 
in Capt. Parker's company of minute-men. 

On the morning of the battle on Lexington Common, Mrs. 
Harrington called her son, saying, "Jonathan, Jonathan, get up ; 
the British are coming, and something must be done." He arose, 
and with his drum and fife he called the minute-men together near 
the Common, and soon after that gun was fired that was heard 
around the world, and two Harringtons fell, pierced by British 
bullets. The family was also represented at Bunker Hill, Ticon- 
deroga, and later at New Orleans and Gettysburg. 



Marking Patriots* Graves. 
Alberto F. Haynes. 

Graveyards are pokey places to most folks, but not to the Sons 
of the iVmerican Revolution, who simply revel in communing 
with the spirits of their patriotic ancestors. So it was not a sad 
company which assembled in the Common Street cemetery last 
Friday afternoon, to place markers on the graves of some of those 
brave men who struck the first blow for liberty in 1775. Nor 
was the date, Nov. i, 1901, inauspicious. It was the anniversary 
of the futile attempt to enforce the Stamp Act, which led to the 
Revolution, and it was also All Saints' Day, when celestial friends 
have a special outing. 

Two graves were marked in this cemetery, — those of Maj. 
Samuel Barnard and Samuel Coolidge; while later, at the Ar- 
lington Street cemetery, markers were placed above the sacred 
dust of Col, Christopher Grant, Joseph Coolidge and Col. Moses 
Coolidge. 

Remarks were made by President Edward A. Rand of the 
Watertown Chapter S. A. R., to whose careful research was due 
the locating of these graves ; prayer was offered by Rev. Walter 
F. Greenman; historic sketches were read by Mrs. B. F. Daven- 
port, Regent of the D. A. R., by Mrs. Fred E. Crawford, and 
by Watson Grant Cutter of Cambridge, great-grandson of Col. 
Christopher Grant; while, most fittingly, the beautiful bronze 
markers were placed by Secretary George A. Alden of the Water- 
town Chapter, a direct descendant of the John Alden who cut out 
Capt. Jolm Smith by request of the fair Priscilla. Commander 
William H. Benjamin represented the G. A. R., Post 81. 

Maj. Samuel Barnartl was captain of a company in Col. Gard- 
ner's regiment, which marched from Watertown in response to 



The Scrap Book. I2J 

the Lexington Alarm, in 1775; was major of Col. Thatcher's 
regiment, and also served at Dorchester Heights. 

Samuel Coolidge enlisted for three years' service in the Conti- 
nental army. 

Col. Christopher Grant vi^as a sergeant in Capt. Barnard's 
company, and lieutenant in Capt. Abner Crafts' company. His 
great-grandson, Mr. Cutter, showed his commission as recruiting 
officer, given July 10, 1775, by Adjt.-Gen. Horatio Gates; also 
his commission, received from Gov. James Bowdoin, as colonel 
of the First Regiment of Militia, dated Middlesex County, Oct. 18, 
1786. 

Joseph Coolidge left his plow afield, went to Lexington, and 
was killed that day by the retreating British. 

Moses Coolidge was in Capt. Phineas Stearns' company at 
Dorchester Heights, and also served in Capt. Watson's company. 

There are many other graves which should have these markers, 
but it is difficult to locate them accurately. 



The Galen Street Bridge. 
Dr. Bennett F. Davenport. 

The building of a new bridge in a slightly different location 
across Charles River, in our town centre, makes of special interest 
the following account of the original bridge, as given by Dr. 
Davenport, taken from the old Colony records : 

" May 26, 1647. Whereas complaint hath been made of the 
want of a horse bridge near unto Watertown mill, and that the 
want thereof hath hazarded the lives of several persons, and may 
endanger many more, and for that the best and most commodious 
place is in the bounds of Watertown, it is ordered by the court 
that there be a sufficient hor^e bridge made over the river there 
by the inhabitants of Watertown before the first of the 9th month 
next ensuing." 

After some delay the bridge was constructed, and at reasonable 
cost, under the direction of Mr. Bisco and Isaac Stearns, the 
former being allowed for eight days' work twelve shillings. 
Feb. 29, 1648, the rate of the bridge and other debts is given as 
£22 IS. 4d. 

In 1667, the bridge was carried away by ice in a freshet, and 
although Watertown humbly craved the favor of the court to give 
them relief, the court saw no cause to grant the request, and the 
town was forced to rebuild. Other reconstructions have been 
made from time to time. Soldiers of the Revolution, and even 
General and Lady Washington, crossed the bridge, and a more 
or less steady stream of citizens passed to and fro, a magnet of 
attraction being Widow Dorothy Coolidge's tavern near by. 

The town paid Dorothy 12 shillings and 8 pence for rum fur- 
nished, April 19, 1775, to the men who served in the Lexington 
Battle ; which is only 9 shillings less than it paid Mr. John Draper 
for bread for the men on the same day. 



122 Watertown's Military History. 

The Indians of Watertown. 

Cotton Mather's description of the Massachusetts Indians fol- 
lows : "Know then that these doleful creatures are the veriest 
ruins of mankind which are to be found anywhere upon the face 
of the earth. One might see among them what a hard master 
the devil is to the most devoted of his vassals. These abject 
creatures live in a country full of mines; we have already made 
entrance upon our iron ; and in the very surface of the ground, 
among us, there lies copper enough to supply all this world, be- 
sides other mines to be hereafter exposed. 

" But o>n' shiftless Indians were never owners of so much as a 
knife till we came among them. Their name for an Englishman 
was a knife-man. They live in a country where we now have all 
the conveniences of human life. But as for them, their housing 
is nothing but a few mats tied about poles fastened in the earth, 
where a good fire is their bed-clothes in the coldest season. In 
most of their dangerous diseases, 'tis a powow that must be sent 
for; that is, a priest who has more familiarity with Satan than his 
neighbors. 

" This conjurer comes and roars and howls and uses magical 
ceremonies over the sick man, and \vill be well paid for it when 
he has done. If this don't effect a cure, the man's time is come, 
and there's an end. 

"Their way of living is infinitely barbarous. The men are 
most abominably slothful, making their poor squaws, or wives, 
to plant and dress and barn and beat their corn, and build their 
wigwams for them." 



She Captured a Redcoat. 
William B. Dorman in Boston Herald. 

Lydia Warren, born in Watertown, Jan. 7, i745i was one of 
fourteen children of Phinehas and Grace (Hastings) Warren, and 
descendant of John Warren who arrived with Margaret his wife 
from England, in 1630, and settled in Watertown. 

The writer was at first disposed to doubt the historical accuracy 
of the statement which follows, but has since been assured that a 
detachment of the British did pass through Watertown on Apr. 

19' 1775- 

Lydia Warren's house was off^ the main road and the latter part 

of the day her neighbors came running, crying out, " Mrs. Bar- 
nard ! There is a Redcoat coming." 

Stepping through the group, she grasped the horse's bridle 
and ordered the soldier to dismount; he not obeying, to pull him 
from the saddle was but the work of a moment. Shaking him 
vigorousl)', " You villain !" she exclaimed, " how do I know but 
what you have been killing some of my folks .'"' He protested 
that he had not fired a shot. 

" Let me see your cartridge box," said she, and opening it 



The Scrap Book. 123 

found several missing. At this she shook him still more violently, 
and, her anger increasing, she grasped his sword in such a 
threatening manner that his fears overcame him, and falling upon 
his knees lie begged for his life. 

She finally gave her prisoner in charge of those whom the af- 
fair had attracted to the scene, and he was taken to the tavern for 
safe keeping, while the horse was turned loose in a pasture. 

In alluding to the affair in later years she was wont to say 
" that she never saw a man that she thought she could not have 
handled." 



A Colonial Newspaper. 
George S. Wright. 

The Boston Gazette was first published as a weekly newspa- 
per Dec. 21, 1719. Soon after the news of the destruction of the 
tea in Boston harbor reached England, Parliament passed a law, 
in 1774, that the " port of Boston should be closed until the tea 
was paid for and humble submission made to the king," and 
another taking the government " out of the hands of the people" 
and putting the Colony under the control of Gen. Gage, who was 
sent to Boston with several regiments of troops. 

As migiit be expected, the office of the Gazette was soon under 
the espionage of the English troops, but not until June, i775' 
when " the avenues between Boston and the country were care- 
fully guarded," did Benjamin Edes, its patriotic editor, seek safety 
in flight by the easiest and quietest way, rowing up the Charles, 
taking his " press and a few types," to Watertown. 

Edes located the Gazette in a building that stood on Galen 
street, near the bridge, a site which is now part of the Metropoli- 
tan Park reservation. Here for more than a year and a half he 
printed and published the paper. In an issue of June 5, i775» ^" 
article appeared signed "The Printer," urgently calling on " all 
those who are in arrears, forthwith to discharge the respective 
balances, in order to enable him to discharge his just debts at this 
very critical season." Paper became so scarce that the Gazette 
was printed for a number of weeks as a leaflet, instead of in its 
usual quarto form. 

The issue of June 20, 1775, gives the following brief account 
of the battle of Bunker Hill : 

"By many persons of undoubted veracity who were in Boston 
during the late battle at Charlestown and were soon after in the 
field of action, we learn that the enemy sustained a greater loss 
than was at first apprehended. The ministerial troops, about 
5000 in number, were commanded by Lord Howe, and by the 
most favorable accounts, 1000 ot them, amongst whom were 84 
officers, were killed and wounded, but their loss is believed to be 
much greater. The work-house, almshouse, and manufactory- 
house and a number of private dwellings were improved for the 



124 Watertown's Military History. 

wounded regulars, who were removing the whole of the night 
and Sabbath day succeeding the battle. 

" Some 700 Americans fought the battle, the residue of the army 
from Cambridge not having recovered Bunker Hill timely enough 
to reinforce our brave men. 

"The officers and regulars acknowledge that they have dearly 
purchased the hill, but say that the rebels fought more like devils 
than like men. Charlestown, containing about 300 dwelling 
houses and 150 or 200 other buildings, was laid in ashes by our 
humane adversaries." 

The Gazette\^?i% about 9x13 inches, with two or three columns 
to a page. The printing executed inWatertown did not do much 
credit to the art. Wretched ink, worn out type, and poor coarse 
paper, combined to make good work impossible. 

The Gazette suspended publication in 1794. Its editor, Ben- 
jamin Edes, died in poverty and neglect. 



Captain John Fowle. 
Col. D. S. Lamson, of Watertown. 

Captain John Fowle, sixth son of Edward' Fowle and Abigail 
Whitney, was born Feb. i, 1756, and married Mary Cook of 
Newton. They had four children, three girls and one boy. Capt. 
Fowle died at Watertown in 1824, aged 68 years. 

He served with credit and reputation during the whole of the 
Revolutionary War. At the time the Marquis de Lafayette was 
ordered to the southward, to oppose the progress of the army of 
Lord Cornwallis, Capt. Fowle was selected as one of his officers. 
Under that distinguished officer he served and endured all the 
fatigues and dangers incident to the campaign. When the army 
under the command of Gen. Washington formed a junction with 
the Marquis at Yorktown, Capt. Fowle continued to serve in the 
Light Infantry, and his company composed a part of the detach- 
ment under the command of the Marquis which stormed Lord 
Cornwallis' advanced redoubts, and enabled Washington to ad- 
vance and take such a position as compelled his Lordship to sur- 
render. 

After the glorious struggle ended Capt. Fowle retired to private 
life. That he keenly felt the injustice done him by his country 
there can be no doubt. He never believed the wages due the 
officers and soldiers were honestly paid. It is well known that, 
at the close of the war, the army was paid in unfunded securities, 
which were not worth one-sixth part of their nominal value, al- 
though the soldiers had been promised payment in specie at the 
end of each month. 



The Powder House. 

Feb. 14, 1896, at a meeting of the Watertown Historical Socie- 
ty, Charles F. Mason stated that he had ascertained beyond ques- 




PAUL R&.VERE 
"ESTAK'P'WC^'t^fwSLOTi 

\HkDlT^t CQ.L'?/1/-'- ';\'C! ES ordered! 

' BYTHf.PROVWG(^LC0fiCRFSSO.r] 

1 

,'775 




1 



PAUL REVERE'S MEMORIAL. 
Tablet on Watertown Street, Watertown. 



I 



The Scrap Book. 125 

tion that a powder house and guard house were built in Watertown 
during Revokitionary War times. The 5ite was somewhere on 
a tract of hind between the old Catholic Church edifice and Green 
street. The powder house was most probably removed between 
1785 and 1790. Mr. Mason had been told by Frank Whitney, 
and Messrs. Lenox and Bustin, of a powder house which they 
had seen standing near Mr. Whitney's house at the corner of Fay- 
ette and Pearl streets. This was a brick building about five feet 
square and eight feet high, and was probably used to store the 
town's supply of powder. 

Incidentally, in the course of the meeting, it was intimated that 
had a powder house early been built in this town, as was voted 
July 5, 1 77 1, the first seizure made at the Charlestown powder 
house " might have been " made in Watertown instead. Had the 
new State House been built here, as was once voted, Watertown 
" might have been " the Capital of the State. Had the British 
troops taken this road, instead of through Lexington, as was at 
first proposed, in Watertown " might have" resounded the shot 
heard around the world. Alas! Watertown's chaplet of glory is 
worn by others. She does not aspire to a State House now, but 
would be satisfied with a new Town Hall. 



Paul Revere House. 
Enterprise, Dec. 10, 1897. 

The " Paul Revere House," as it was called, stood upon Wa- 
tertown street, near Galen street. A granite memorial placed by 
the town on the sidewalk of Watertown street indicates the loca- 
tion as nearly as it can be ascertained. In a chamber of this 
house Paul Revere is said to have engraved the plates for and 
printed the colony notes, when, on May 3, 1775, the Provincial 
Congress, then assembled in the old meeting house, empowered the 
Treasurer to borrow £100,000 on notes payable two years later, 
and bearing interest at six per cent. These notes were made in 
John Cook's house, with whose family several of the officers of 
the American army boarded during the siege of Boston. 

The notes were not less than £,i\ in denomination, and, on May 
20, Congress ordered the issue of " soldiers' notes," ranging from 
six to twenty shillings. Revere worked all night so as to finish 
the notes with despatch. He rendered a bill of £76, 6s. 8d. for 
this work. After discussion Congress allowed him £50, with 
which he appears to have been content. He made contracts later 
for printing notes as required. 



The Stone Family. 

Miss Josephine Stone, of Cambridge. 

The house of Col. Moses Stone, located on the corner of Mount 
Auburn street and Coolidge avenue, was the abode of hospitality 



126 Waiertown's Military History. 

and centre of social happy life. Col. Stone was called very hand- 
some, had fair complexion, fine color, beautiful blue eyes, a hand- 
some mouth and chin ; his smile was lovely, and his teeth white 
and regular all his days. 

His wife was strikingly handsome, with rich color, dark hair, 
brilliant black eyes and a sprightly figure. She dressed very 
richly. She wore a necklace of large gold beads, a gold locket, 
gold ear-rings, and gold pin. Her elegant attire and beautiful 
person made her very much the object ot attention. 

The Stone families were of English descent in all lines. Col. 
Stone was very patriotic and of stern and unflinching integrity. 
He had two slaves, I know not if any more. 

The last one to live in this house was his son, Capt. Moses 
Stone, 2**. He was educated for a physician, but the care of his 
own property demanded most of his time. He served in the Rev- 
olutionary War, and was a person of undaunted courage and 
bravery. He owned 6000 acres of land, embracing what is now 
the town of Jay, Maine; induced settlers to go there and found 
the town. He died July 25, 1803. 



The Late Rev. Edward A. Rand. 

1837—1903. 

Cut from the files of the Watertown Tribune-Enterprise., and 
placed by loving hands upon the concluding page of the scrap 
book, is an obituary notice of the late Rev. Edward A. Rand. 
He was born in Portsmouth, N. H., in 1837, and graduated from 
Bowdoin college in 1857. In 1S63 he graduated from the Bangor 
Theological School. He served as a Congregational minister in 
Amesbury, Mass., for two years, and then in South Boston until 
1876. He took orders in the Episcopal church in iSSo, and was 
for a number of years rector of a church in Hyde Park, whence 
he came to Watertown in 1SS5. He organized here the Church 
of the Good Shepherd, and here, active in church and town 
affairs, and busy also as the author of popular books, he spent the 
balance of a useful life. 



Story of the Watertown Seal. 

On the Watertown seal, as has been stated, is a picture of an 
English Colonist and an Indian exchanging, as peace tokens, 
bread for fish. Capt. Roger Clap, who landed at Nantasket Point 
in 1630, and rowed up Charles River to Gerry's Landing with the 
first party of Watertown Colonists, records the following story 
of the trip : 

" We went up Charles River until the river grew narrow and 
shallow, and there we landed our goods with much labor and toil, 
the bank being steep and night coming on. 

" We were informed that there were hard by us three hundred 




THE TOWN SEAL. 
Designed bv Charles Bri^ham. Architect. 



The Scrap Book. 127 

Indians. One Englishman that could speak the Indian language 
(an old Planter) went to them and advised them not to come near 
us in the night; and they harkened to his counsels, and came not. 
I myself was one of the sentinels that first night. Our Captain 
was a Low Country soldier, one Mr. Southcot, a brave soldier. 

" In the morning some of the Indians came and stood at a dis- 
tance off, looking at us, but came not near us ; but when they had 
been a while in view, some of tliem came and held out a great 
Bass toward us; so we sent a man with a Bisket, and changed 
the Cake for a Bass. Afterwards they supplied us witir Bass, 
exchanging a Bass for a Bisket Cake, and were very friendly to us. 

" O dear children ! Forget not what care God had over his dear 
servants, to watch over and protect us in our weak beginnings. 
Capt. Squeb turned ashore us and our goods, like a mercyless 
man, but God, ever our mercyful God, tQok pity on us; so that 
we were supplied, first with a boat, and then caused many Indians 
(some hundreds) to be ruled by the advice of one man not to come 
near us. Alas, had they come, how soon might they have de- 
stroyed us ! I think we were not above ten in number. But God 
caused the Indians to help us with fish at very cheap rates." 



General Warren in Watertown. 
A. F. Haynes. 

Imagine Warren, that radiant-minded patriot, whose immortal 
words and deeds have been emblazoned in song and story, being 
designated, by Benjamin Edwards, as " a sappy-headed fellow." 
Here, in Watertown, in the old meeting house, he received his 
election, although never formally commissioned, as major-general 
of the army. He passed the night of June 16th in VVatertown, 
but the journal shows he was not present at the session of Con- 
gress on July 17, 1775. In what spot he spent his last night on 
earth is not positively determined. The historic tablet records 
that it was in the Marshal Fowle House, then located at the head 
of what is now Marshall Street, at its junction with Mount Auburn 
Street ; but the accuracy of this statement has been questioned by 
some. It is considered possible he lodged that night at Dorothy 
Coolidge's tavern. 

Cliarles S. Ensign, in a historical paper, however, makes this 
statement : " A few rods south of the Coolidge tavern, upon the 
same side of the road, stood an old house, once the mansion of 
John Hunt. It was built about i7i5' It was from the windows 
of this house flashed the light, long past midnight, that told that 
Adams, Warren and Gerry were in council. Here Maj.-Gen. 
Joseph Warren lodged, and in the south-west corner room ate his 
breakfast, June 17, 1775, before going directly to Bunker's Hill, 
where he gave his life for his country. Before he started he urged 
upon the ladies of the household to prepare lint and bandages, 
saying, ' The poor fellows will want them all before night I ' 



128 Wateriowfi's Military History. 

Slowly on horseback he went down the hill to the bridge, but 
galloped back, and again bade them farewell." 

Elbridge Gerry, who was his room-mate, states that General 
Warren was busy with professional duties until late that night, as 
a physician. The house referred to by Mr. Ensign stood on 
Galen Street, at a site now occupied by the residence built a 
number of years ago by the late Frederick Howard. The old 
house, once adorned with " bulls-eye" windows, was moved back 
to Water Street, and is now used for tenements. 

Warren fell, a youthful hero of thirty years, one who had risen, 
as the historian relates, " from a bare-legged milk-boy to a major- 
general of the arrny." He died for his country ; and it was sweet, 
he had said, thus to die. To General Putnam, who offered him 
the command at Bunker Hill, he said : " I am here only as a 
volunteer; tell me where the onset will be most furious." 

His body after some delay was found, and amid the lamentations 
of a broken-hearted people was buried in the old Granary Burying- 
ground, near King's Chapel, Boston. In 1S25 it was removed to 
the Warren tomb, in St. Paul's Church, Boston, where the holy 
dust reposes. 




GENERAL WARREN'S MEMORIAL. 

Tablet at the corner of Mount Auburn and Marsliall Streets, 

Watertown. 



THE CIVIL WAR. 



The War of 1812 was not popular in Massachusetts, and it 
was mainly to guard its own sea coast that the State called its 
militia into service. Nor did the War with Mexico, in 1847, '"" 
terest our people, only one body of troops being sent from Massa- 
chusetts. Yet those soldiers by their valor won the special com- 
mendation of Gen. Scott, and a beautiful banner presented to them 
by him now occupies a prominent position in the Senate reception 
room at the State House in Boston. 

There came a time, however, when Massachusetts people were 
thrilled anew with patriotic fervor and pressed forward speedily 
into paths of military glory. It was in 1861 when another shot 
was heard around the world. It was fired by the hand of Trea- 
son and aimed at Fort Sumter. 

In premonition of a coming crisis the Sixth Massachusetts Reg- 
iment met at the American House in Lowell, Jan. 21, 1S61, and 
"Resolved: That Col. Jones be authorized forthwith to tender 
the services of the Sixth Regiment to the Commander-in-Chief 
and Legislature when such services may become desirable for the 
purposes contemplated in General Order No. 4." 

Order No. 4 covered the use of the militia outside of the State 
in case of a rebellion against the United States. 

On April 15, 1861, the Sixth Regiment was ordered to Wash- 
ington. It started April 17, leaving Boston at 7 p-M- via the 
Boston & Albany Railroad. Just before the starting Gov. An- 
drew, at the State House, presented a flag to Col. Edward F. 
Jones, who responded : " So help me God, I will never disgrace 
it." The cheering by great crowds of citizens, and the ringing of 
bells and firing of cannon formed an enthusiastic farewell as the 
regiment left Boston. At every station along the route people 
gathered to bid the soldiers hearty " God-speed ! " The regiment 
went to be baptized with fire and blood in Baltimore, and was the 
first armed body of troops to enter Washington in response to 
President Lincoln's call. 

Among the crowd gathered at the Newton station, the night of 
that memorable April 17, were many of the officials and citizens 
of Watertown. 

"Why can't we raise a company?" asked a Watertown man, 
Samuel F. Stearns, addressing Luke Perkins, one of the select- 
men, with whom he was returning homeward after the Sixth 
Regiment had departed. 

The cry became universal. A town meeting was held one 
week later, at which after fervid addresses enlistment papers were 
opened and a company was formed. The formal action of the 
town at its numerous town meetings held between April 33, 1S61, 
and March 6, 1S65, is given in regular order. 



CIVIL WAR RECORDS. 



On Tuesday, April 23, 1861, a special town meeting was held, 
opening at 6 p.m. the following being the only article in the war- 
rant, except that for choosing a moderator : 

" Art. 2. To grant such sums of money as may be thought 
necessary for the equipment of those persons in this town who 
are enlisting into the service of the United States, and for the sup- 
port of their families during their term of service, or act thereon." 

Joshua Coolidge, Jeremiah Russell and Francis Kendall signed 
the warrant as selectmen. 

It was an exciting meeting, presided over by one of Water- 
town's brightest and best citizens. Miles Pratt, as moderator. 
The town clerk, William H. Ingraham, recorded the action taken 
as follows : 

" Upon assuming the chair the moderator addressed the citizens 
in an earnest and patriotic speech, which was cordially received 
by the meeting, showing that the spirit which animated the 
Fathers of Watertown in 177^5 still glowed in the bosoms of their 
sons." 

Under Art. 2, the following preamble and resolutions were 
submitted, and after soul-stirring remarks by the clergymen, and 
other citizens of the town, were unanimously adopted : 

" Whereas, treason is rampant in a part of the land, our national 
flag dishonored and the existence of our Government threatened 
by armed and imscrupulous rebels, and it is therefore the duty of 
every community in this ancient Commonwealth to do whatsoever 
it is able to do for the preservation of our glorious Union ; and 
whereas an effort is now made to enroll in the militia of this State 
a company of volunteers composed of citizens of Watertown, and 
it is the earnest desire of the town to encourage the performance 
of (his patriotic duty, therefore, 

'• Voted : That the Town ofWatertown pledges its faith to each 
and all of the persons who now are, or hereafter shall become 
members of the volunteer company now being recruited within its 
limits, to support the families of all such persons of said company 
as shall be actually mustered into service and shall be inhabitants 
of the Town. 

" Voted : That the Treasurer of the town be, and he is hereby 
authorized to borrow on the credit of the town the sum of five 
thousand dollars, to be appropriated under the direction of the 
Selectmen for the purposes specified in the preceding vote. 

"Voted: That the Selectmen be authorized to apply so much 
of the above-named sum to the immediate support of such of the 



The Civil War. 131 

families of the members of said company as in their judgment 
may be required. 

"Voted: That if said Company shall within one month from 
this date be accepted by the Govern.or and enrolled in the militia 
of this State, either as a detached company or as a part of any 
existing regiment, the town will pay to each member of said 
company, so enrolled and accepted, the sum of thirty dollars, as 
a bounty, the said amount to be paid, under the direction of the 
Selectmen, out of the money to be borrowed by the Treasurer for 
that purpose. 

"Voted : That all persons, inhabitants of this town who have 
already joined other volunteer companies, shall be within the 
provisions of the above votes, in the same manner as if they had 
joined the company now in process of formation." 

At a town meeting held June 11, 1861, it was voted "that the 
sum of fourteen hundred dollars be granted to pay for clothing 
for the volunteers who have been enrolled in the town." 

Then the committee on enrollment of the above company re- 
ported " that the sum of money which had been so liberally sub- 
scribed by patriotic citizens of Watertown was exhausted, and 
that from some unavoidable delay on the part of the State, the 
company, although uniformed and officered, had not been called 
into camp." 

Whereupon it was voted informally "that it is the sense of 
this meeting and the desire of this town that the company shall 
be sustained and paid until July first, and that the committee be 
requested to ask of the citizens an increase of their subscription 
to meet the necessar}^ expense." Some of the citizens who were 
present promptly came forward and subscribed ; others assured 
the committee of their cordial support and aid whenever wanted 
or called upon. 

On March 3, 1862, the following officers were elected : Select- 
men, Nathaniel Whiting, John G. Gooch and George H. Sleeper; 
Treasurer, Samuel Noyes ; Clerk, William H. Ingraham. 

The total of appropriations was $15,057, alloted in part as fol- 
lows: schools, $4950 ; highways, $1000; support of poor, $850; 
fire department, $Soo ; paying town debt, $2000; interest, etc., 
$2500; contingent, $1200 ; families of volunteers, $Soo. 

At a meeting held March 24, George W. Horn wps elected as 
selectman, in place of Nathaniel Whiting, who had declined to 
serve. 

A special town meeting held July 10, 1S62, was graced with 
the presence of Capt. Sawyer of Company H, Twenty-third 
Regiment, who had lost a leg in battle. He was invited, on mo- 
tion of James Sharp, to a seat on the platform and was given 
three rousing cheers. 

At this meeting it was voted to pay the sum of $75 '^s a bounty 
to each and every person who should volunteer and be accepted, 
under the Governor's call of July 7. This was to be raised by 
subscription as far as possible, the balance to be paid by the 



132 Watertown's Military History. 

Town. Patriotic remarks were made by Mr. Trull, Capt. Saw" 
yer and others. 

One week later, at an adjourned town meeting, the bounty was 
raised to $100. 

On August 25, 1S63, the town voted to pay the sum of $5100 
to the fifty -one men who had been enrolled as the quota of the 
town. 

The President's call for 300,000 men led to a town meeting on 
Sept. 13, 1S63, when a bounty of $100 was voted to every volun- 
teer who should form one of the town's quota. 

Sept. 17, 1S63, the bounty was increased to $150. The free 
use of the Town Hall, two evenings each week, was granted to 
the drill club. 

At a Selectmen's meeting of Oct. 14, 1862, eleven volunteers 
were transfered to Brighton, there being a surplus over and above 
the number called for from Watertown. The Selectmen of 
Brighton signed an obligation to return to Watertown the whole 
number or such as might be needed to meet later demands upon 
this town for men for the service of the General Government. 

On Nov, 4, 1862, the Town Treasurer was authorized to pay 
a bounty of $100 to each of those persons from this town who had 
enlisted in the Navy of tiie United States. 

In response to a request of Charles F. Blake, Major and Provost 
Marshal General for the State, under date of Dec. 9, 1862, the 
Watertown Selectmen set forth the following facts : 

''One company left this town July 2, 1S61, consisting of lOi 
men. 

"Under the call of July 7, 1863, we enlisted and paid bounties 
to 36 men, making a total of 137 three years' men. 

" Paid the first company bounties $2550 

" Paid July 2, 1S62, men 3600 

" Bounties to 3 years' men. Total $6150 

" There were seven men from this town, who enlisted for three 
years' service in other towns, who did not receive any bounty 
from us. 

"■ Enlisted in this town for the 9 months' service, 67. 

" Amount of bounties to 9 months' men, $9750. 

" The remainder of our 9 months' men were enlisted in other 
towns and companies and we did not pay them any bounty. 

" Paid for board, uniforms and wages to the first company 
before the men were received into the service of the United 
States . . . . ■ $5178.30 

'^ Expensesof recruiting men under call of July 7, 1S62, ii9-75 

$5398.05 
" Paid by other associations 671.00 



The Civil War. 133 

"We have not included in the last item the assistance rendered 
by the different sewing societies, who aided in preparing tlie out- 
fit for the companies." 

At the annual meeting held March 9, 1S63, the Selectmen were 
authorized to use their own judgment in supplying additional aid 
to the families of volunteers. The matter of bounties was also 
refered to the Selectmen. 

Joshua Coolidge, George W. Horn and George H. Sleeper 
were elected as Selectmen. Mr. Coolidge declined to serve, and 
Artemas Locke was chosen instead. 

On June 18, 1S63, the Town Treasurer was authorized to ad- 
just with the State the balance of bounties, due from or to the town, 
as the case might be, under the " Act to provide for the reimburse- 
ments of bounties paid to volunteers," as approved April 29, 1S63. 

" Voted that the Selectmen, Board of Fire Engineers and the 
Officers of the Drill Club be a committee of arrangements to re- 
ceive Company K, Fifth Regiment, Capt. Joseph Crafts, and ten- 
der them a welcome home; and that all the soldiers connected 
with any other company or regiment, who have returned from 
the war, be included in this reception ; that a sum not exceeding 
$400 be appropriated to defray the expenses of the recejotion." 

The town meeting of Nov. 3, 1S63, authorized the Treasurer to 
borrow not exceeding $4000, to pay sundry individuals the sums 
which were loaned to the town to pay volunteers. 

On Nov. 19, 1863, the town appointed a rallying committee to 
cooperate with the Selectmen in filling the town's quota. These 
were selected : John K. Stickney, Miles Pratt, Leonard Whitney, 
jr., Patrick Doherty, Luke Perkins, Peter Richardson, J. W. 
Coffin, Thos. N. Hooper, Thos. G. Banks, Hiram Whitney. 

The Selectmen were authorized to draw from the contingent 
fund $150 as a bounty for each recruit. The following were ap- 
pointed as a committee to solicit subscriptions to make up a fur- 
ther sum of $50 for each volunteer: Nathaniel Whiting, William 
G. Lincoln, Delano March, Joseph Crafts and John K. Stickney. 

The town meeting of Feb. 9, 1S64, authorized the Treasurer to 
borrow not exceeding $1500, to defray the expenses of filling the 
town's quota. The same committee was requested to continue 
its work of recruiting soldiers. 

The meeting of March 3, 1864, elected for Selectmen : George 
B. Wilbur, Joshua G. Gooch and Thomas N. Hooper. George 
L. Noyes was chosen Town Clerk. 

The call for 200,000 men March 14, 1864, was the cause of a 
town meeting held April 4, 1S64. It was voted: "That the 
town appropriate the sum of $7000 for the purpose of reimburs- 
ing the subscribers to the fund in aid of recruiting, the amount 
expended by them in procuring volunteers under the call of the 
President for 500,000 men, and also to pay the expense of raising 
the quota, of the town under the last call for 200,000 men." 

At the town meeting held June 24, 1864, the Selectmen were 
instructed to secure recruits in anticipation of a future call by the 



134 Waierlown's Military History. 

President, and that they solicit subscriptions sufficient to pay each 
recruit a bounty of $125. The Selectmen were also made a com- 
mittee of arrangements and directed to raise by subscription money 
to meet the expense of a reception to Company K, Sixteenth Reg- 
iment, on its return from the war. 

On July 23, 1S64, the town voted a bounty of $125 to each re- 
cruit, under the call for 500,000 men, who belonged to the town's 
quota. 

" Voted, That the Selectmen be authorized to pay each en- 
rolled man who shall put in a substitute, to count on the town's 
quota, $125, provided this payment can be made legally. 

"Voted, That the Selectmen be authorized to pay the sum of 
$125 to any man who may be drafted and credited to the town 
under the last call for 500,000 men ; the payment to be made 
when the Selectmen are satisfied of the legality of such a course." 

On Dec. 10, 1864, the town appointed a committee of three: 
George N. March, William Sherman, Jr. and John W. Coffin, 
" to solicit subscriptions to a loan to the town for the purpose of 
recruiting men in anticipation of another call for men, all sums so 
subscribed to be paid back to subscribers, in whole or in part, to 
the extent of the legal ability of the town." 

It was voted "to continue the present recruiting committee; 
also to request such enrolled men as think they are not liable to 
be drafted to appear before the examining board, and if not liable 
to have their names stricken from the list." 

At the town meeting of March 6, 1S65, it was voted: " That 
the Treasurer be authorized to borrow money sufficient to pay a 
bounty of $125 to each recruit enlisted and credited to the town's 
quota, under the call of the President of the United States for 
300,000 men, dated Dec. 19, 1864." 




500.000 MORE 

AUIN! NO WATERING 

Let WatertowD respoad as she has ever done, and thereby secure a position more en- 
viable than e>er. 




i£^ 

One more Bally, und do mor<? Drafting,', With the Liberal Boutin ofert^ no one can be disatiffied. 

From the ^tate $32^,00 

From the Goyernment - - - - <$t{402,00 

Total- • - - - - - - $727,0a 

FOR NITW PLECRTJITS. 

Wrom the Stat* - $325,00 

Wtom the OoTenmeat -------... . 30a, 

Ti»t»I ---fGlBT^OO 

AND STATE AID TO FAMILIES. 

Or, ifyoa ftrf 6t t» take the FIFTY DOIXARt^ BOIJNTT, and 9*0 per Moatk, yoa will get ia^ 

STATE Bomrrr » - » - ----------..»._. 9770.00 

aovBOuraiEVT pa's* -...-..-.-........ >49aiOo 

T otal, exclnstve of Clothing, Bcg^ ••->--•.>.>■.. ^740.00' 
HBXir BBCRUXTS ^Tlll recelTe open tlia mine prinotyto ->■•«••■•> HMHI-OO 

Comv then Tonng Men of Watertown, join Uw ;^liint host wfakJi hw s abeadj gstkerad, ami hetf tike Gmad Armj in' 
crmehing Ihc traitors or our t'ountrr. 

FRANK W. HILTOI^, Captain imh Regt. Mass. 

Volunteers, Recruiting Officei. 



SOLDIERS OF THE CIVIL WAR. 



At the date of the opening of the Civil War, in 1861, Water- 
town had been shorn of a great proportion of its original territoiy, 
the latest loss having been the setting off of all that portion lying 
north of Belmont street, 1446 acres, to form the town of Belmont. 
This was consummated in 1S59, after years of vigorous agitation 
and wordy debate, and it left the town about the size it is now, 
in 1907. Its population was, in 1S60, 3270, which had increased 
in 1S65 to 3779. Its area was slightly under 2700 acres, of which 
less than 2050 acres were taxable. In June, i860, the valuation 
was $2,597,800; number of polls, 769; total tax, $19,338.10, 
and tax rate $7 per $1000. In the next five years, in spite of the 
heavy drain on its resources, and the bitter loss of its youthful 
citizens who answered to the call of Duty, it became a quarter of 
a million dollars richer. 

The first list of its soldiers which follows was prepared from 
the records at the town's request by William H. Ingraham, who 
for a quarter-century served as town clerk, as well as acting as 
assessor and in other official capacities. He was a high-minded, 
honorable and cherished citizen. Camp White, in Watertown, 
to which he refers in opening, was located on the southerly side 
of Main street, a short distance above Howard street in the direc- 
tion of Waltham, a broad, open field just west of premises occu- 
pied by Mr, Lathrop. For their " rations," which while they re- 
mained encamped in Watertown were really three good square 
meals a day, they marched down Main street to the Spring Hotel, 
then in its full glory, and run by mine host Samuel L. Batchelder. 

It was nice to be a soldier under such conditions, very attrac- 
tive and alluring, especially so to the young men of the town. 

Camp Cameron, to which the company went from here, was 
in North Cambridge, near what was then known as Porter's sta- 
tion. There the young volunteers were given good training and 
were mustered into the service of the United States. 



SOLDIERS' RECORD, TOWN OF WATERTOWN, 
By William H. Ingraham, Town Clerk. 



ROLL OF HONOR. 

As the record I am about to make agreeably to the Statute of 
this Commonwealth, may be examined by coming generations 
anxious to know who might be entitled to have their names en- 
tered upon this " Roll of Honor," I will make such explanation 
as to me seems desirable, for a perfect understanding of all mat- 
ters relating thereunto. At the opening of the Rebellion the loyal 
citizens of Watertown felt it incumbent upon them to take such 
measures as they deemed meet and proper to aid the General 
Government to sustain the institutions of our Fathers and to crush 
this iniquitous Rebellion, not only by word and vote, but by the 
more powerful weapons of war. They accordingly met, as the 
reader may see by referring to the town records of that date 
(April 33, 1 861), and took such steps as led to the organization 
of a military company which was duly organized May 5, 1861, 
and which went into camp at "■ Camj) White," Watertown, on the 
first of June. It was accepted by the Governor and ordered to 
report at " Camp Cameron " on the 2d of July following, at which 
date it was mustered into the service of the United States for three 
years or during the war. Uniforms for both officers and men 
were furnished by liberal citizens and the town, and the expenses 
of drill and organization were paid; also a bount}' of $30 to each 
of the volunteers, in addition to the other expenses incurred. I 
shall therefore enter upon the Roll all of the names of that com- 
pany with their respective places of residence, whether they com- 
posed the quota of this town or not, and also all of those who 
responded at the subsequent call of our country, but I shall index 
those only who as far as I shall be able to ascertain went to com- 
pose the quota of our town. 

This company was attached to the i6th Regiment, commanded 
by Col. Powell T. Wyman, of Boston, and was entitled " Com- 
pany K." 

Commanding Officers : 

Captain, Henry C. Lindley, Watertown. 

First Lieutenant, Stephen E. Meserve, " 

Second Lieutenant, Frank W. Hilton, " 

(who was promoted to First Lieutenant of Company D, Sept. 28, 
1 86 1, and John Eaton, South Reading, was commissioned Sept. 
28, 1861.) 

Sergeants : 

Charles E. Clark, Waltham. 

Samuel F. Stearns, Lynn, resided in Watertown. 

Jonas F. Capell, Lexington, color bearer. 

Charles F. Coburn, Watertown. 

Thomas C. Norcross, " 




"THE SPRING HOTEL." WATERTOWN, IN 1907. 

Where Co. K was boarded bv the Town, in 1861, for one month. 

Until 1890, a large open yard, sheds and stable were at the right ot Building. 



The Civil War. 



137 



Corporals : 
Theodore Waters, E. Cambridge. Joseph D. Rupp, Watertown. 
Philip H. King, Watertown. E. A. King, 

Mathias Brigham, Natick. John N. Farwell, Bolton. 

Asa D. Smith, " George E. Adams, Newton. 



Privates 



Atwood, Samuel S. 
Bright, Gilbert 
Bright, Joseph 
Bridges, Charles H. 
Benton, Perrin 
Bean, Edwin . 
Brooman, Geo. H. 
Brown, Charles E. 
Bradley, James E. 
Cushman, Horace W 
Cole, Ralph . . 
Colligan, John H. 
Cummings, Andrew, 
Corrigan, Joseph . 
Craigen, George F. 
Dolofi; Benj. W. . 
Doloff, John E. . 
Doherty, John . . 
Engley, George 

Eldridge, William E. 

Flynn, Cornelius J. 

Freeman, Joseph . 
Flohr, Andrew . . 

Franklin, Samuel . 

Harned, David 

Harrington, Herman 

Harrison, James R. 

Holbrook, John G. 

Hanford, George C. 

Hancock, Charles 

Kenny, Patrick 

Kearney, James 

Keyes, Sylvester W. 

Knott, George . . 

Keleher, J. . . . 

Keating, Daniel 

Lyman, William H. 

Lyman, Edward . 

Lord, Eben N. 

Leaverton, James W 

Luker, J. ... 

Mansir, John H. . 



Jr 



P. 



Taunton. 
Watertown. 



Holbrook, N. 

Natick. 

W. Roxbury. 

Watertown. 

E. Braintree. 

Turner, Me. 

Lexington. 

Watertown. 

Cambridge. 

Boston. 

Watertown. 



Wrentham. 
Watertown. 



Newton. 
Waltham. 

u 

Watertown. 

;( 

Cambridge. 

Watertown. 

Waltham. 

Watertown. 

Natick. 

Watertown. 

Newton. 

Brighton. 

Watertown. 



H. 



^3^ 



Watei'town's Military History. 



Mackin, James E, 
Miller, Henry I. . 
Miller, Charles A. 
Morse, Charles A. 
Morse, George F. . 
McGonnigal, Barney 
McCoolift; Patrick 
Mullaney, Mathew 
Murphy, Daniel 
Mullen, David . . 
Manchester, G. D. 
Nichols, Abram G. 
Qiielter, John . 
Richardson, Charles 
Robbins, George, Jr, 
Risley, George W. 
Risley, Chester 
Rodman, John . 
Rood, J. L. 
Sanderson, Horace 
Sanderson, Henry 
Sanger, Wm. H. . 
Smith, Gregg . . 
Smith, James H. . 
Sumner, Allison R. 
Swinburn, Samuel 
Sharp, James E. . 
Shattuck, Amory N. 
Sherman, Robert . 
Smith, John J. . 
Smith, Joshua . 
Sullivan, Dennis . 
Stacey, Albert H. 
Tainter, George W. 
Thompson, C. H. 
Tibbetts, N. D. . 
Whitemarsh, Thomas 
Ward, John N. 
Webb, J. A. . , 
Worth, Alonzo K. 
Wright, Frank 
Whittemore, George H. 
Watson, Joseph 



Watertown. 



Natick. 

Waltham. 

Ashby. 

Waltham. 

Cambridge. 



Burlington. 
Waltham. 
Littleton. 
Water to w^n. 



Waltham. 

Ludlow. 

Waltham. 

Watertown. 



Natick. 
Watertown. 
Natick. 
Waltham. 

Cambridge. 

Watertown. 

Northboro. 

Charlestown. 

Waltham. 

Newton. 

East Bridgewater. 

Watertown. 



Natick. 

Watertown. 

Cambridge. 



Added to the company after the regiment left the State, and 
returned by the commanding officer : 

Cullen, Michael .... Boston. 

Gorson, Elijah Lexington. 

Lamoine, John .... Watertown. 



The Civil War. 139 

Moore, Peter Watertown. 

O'Brien, Thomas .... " 

Pratt, James R Boston. 

Rev. Arthur B. Fuller of Watertown received the appointment 
of Chaplain, and was with the regiment up to the battle of 
Fredricksburg, Va., when having ;-esigned his position of Chap- 
lain on the morning of that battle he took a gun and entered the 
ranks as a private, was among the first that volunteered to cross 
over the river to the attack, and fell shot dead, in the street ol' 
Fredericksburg. His body was recovered and was brought home 
to his friends, and was buried in Mt. Auburn by the side of his 
relatives. 

On July 7, 1S62, a call came for 300,000 men. Watertown's 
quota was 36 men. One hundred dollars bounty was paid. 

Pomeroy, Alonzo Watertown. Co. G. 39th Reg't. 

Hutchins, Samuel W. " " " 

Ham, Henry W. " Serg't " " 

Whitney, John " " " 

Thomas, Orson C. " " " 

Delany,Jack " tc u 

Corser, Wm. H. " " " 

Skeele, Milo B. " 

Woodbury, William H. " Serg't. 

Madden, Washington, South Randolph 

Goodwin, Geo. H. " " 

Hayden, Z. M. " " 

Hyland, Wm. Watertown. 

Spaulding, Charles A. " 

Bright, Willard " 



Broderick, James 


(( 








O'Hare, Patrick 


(( 








Adams, Joseph 


'(( 








Cochran, George 


Boston. 








Mills, Palemon C. 


Watertown. 




33d Reg't. 


Sheahan, Thomas 


u 




35th 


(( 


Mellen, William 


South Boston. 




u 


C( 


Chapman, Charles H. 


Watertown. 




u 


(( 


Haggerty, Daniel 


u 




(( 


(( 


West, Wm. W. 


(( 


Co. B. 


33d 


(( 


McCuen, Parker 


(( 


(( 


u 


(( 


Donnally, John 


(( 


u 


(( 


(( 


Crompton, John 


(( 


(; 


(( 


(( 


McKinley, John 


(( 


(( 


u 


(( 


Evers, Emile 


(t 




35th 


(« 


Gotleib, Joseph 


(( 


Serg't. 


(( 


u 


McNeil, Thomas 


(( 




(( 


(( 



140 



Waterto'wn''s Military History. 



Pickney, Edward N. Watertown. Serg't. 35tli Regt. 
Hogan", Wm. H. " u t< . t^ 

Atkins, Robert " " " 

Davison, John " " " 

The above were mustered at " Camp Stanton," Lynnfield. 

The following names are residents of Watertown who volun- 
teered for three years service and went into other companies, but 
were allowed on the next call for 300,000 men : 



Babcock, Rufus 


Co. H. 


i6th. 


Rogers, Terence 


Co. I. 


(( 


Rogers, Hugh 


(( 


t( 


Rogers, Patrick 


(( 


4. 


Atcherson, Johnson 


(( 


.( 


Severance, Augustus 




2d Cav. 


Bernard, John F. 




U (( 


Howard, George R. 




99th N. Y. 


Sherman, Charles F. 




Nim's Battery. 


King, Phineas F. 




(( u 


White, Wm. G. 


Co. A. 


i6th. 


Jackson, Charles 


Co. C. 


13th. 


Jackson, Wm. H. 




(( 


Trull, E. J. 


Co. A, 


nth. 


Conly, John 


New Orleans, with Butler. 


Crotty, Patrick 


Co. I. 


23d Reg't. 


Brigham, Edwin H. 


Co. A. 


13th " 


Norcross, Elijah 


Co. L. 


14th " 


Craig, Harrison J. 


Co. G. 


7th Battery Lt. Art. 


Dowling, Wm. 


(( 


32d Reg't. 


Ireland, Raselas 




14th " 


Hempstead, Rev. Henry A. 


Chaplain 29th " 


Rouse, Edward S. 


St. Louis. 


Wilkins, Henry A. 




3oth " 


Noyes, Samuel G. 


Sharp ! 


Shooters, 40th Reg't 


Johnson, Wm. H. 


Rhode Island Reg't. 


Klouse, Adolphus 




5th Battery. 


Dimon, Owen 




30th Reg't. 


Howard, Charles 




14th " 


Hutchinson, James 




2d • " 


Warren, Michael 




9th Reg't. 


Grey, Hugh 




38th " 


Childs, James B. 


July 29, 


, 1862. Co. A, 1 2th Reg 



August 4th, 1862, call for 300,000 men. Nine months. Boun- 
ty, $150. Names of Watertown men in Co. K, 5th Regiment : 

Crafts, Joseph Ireland, Edward 

Osburn, Ira J. Jones, William 

Carter, John H. Kennedy, James 

Baldwin, Wm. F. Lindley, Austin 



The Civil War. 



141 



Brigham, Charles 
Boyce, Jacob G. 
Adams, Charles 
Lyman, Joseph 
Dexter, George A. 
Blanchard, James H. 
Burns, Patrick 
Bent, Judson 
DeVVyre, Andrew 
Dardis, Thomas 
Dunn, James 
Ellis, James A. 
Foster, Charles 
Howes, Micajah 
Hill, Charles F. 
Harrington, George E. 
Wilson, James 
Ober, Oliver M. 
Hilton, Charles C. 
Horn, George W. Jr. 



Nichols, George C. 
Otis, Ward M. 
Ober, Peter A. 
Pond, John A. 
Priest, Charles H. 
Rosebrook, Seldon H. 
Russell, Jeremiah, Jr. 
Sibley, Mark N. 
Sanger, Charles E. 
Stanley, John S. 
Tyghe, Joseph G. 
Toole, Patrick 
Wilson, Daniel A. 
Derby, Amos L. 
Otis, Horace W. 
Stackpole, Edwin A. 
Rhoades, George L. 
Pendergast, Thomas 
Howard, F. A. 
Richardson, Edward 



Watertown men in other commands : 

Co. B, 44th Reg't. 



Tilton, Daniel P. 
Sylvester, J. W. 
Fields, C. S. 
Treadwell, Henry S. 
Hutchins, Frank S. 
Chant, Frank D. 
Booth, George W. 
Greenwood, Lemuel 
Degan, Chas. F. 
Miller, Charles 
Bodge, Samuel D. 
Coffin, Franklin 
Patten, Thomas H. 
Robbins, James A. 
Learned, Frank S. 
Pierce, Henry T. 
Wilkins, Joseph G. 
Day,J. L. 
Hartford, John W. 
Hawes, Daniel C. 
Kearney, James 
Christian, Henry W. 
Priest, George E. 



Co. A, 47th " 
nth Battery Lt. Art. 

U fc( I; U 

Jones' Battery. 
Co. E, 50th Reg't. 

Assistant in Hospital. 

Conn. Reg't. 

Co. E, 44th Reg't. 



Co. A, " 

" 47th 



Co. B, 43d 
Co. H, 53d 



RECRUITING COMMITTEE'S REPORT. 



The serious period in a prolonged v/ar comes when the first 
bright flush of enthusiasm has been darkened by stories of harsh 
service, bloodshed, death and defeat on the field of battle. So it 
was that after Watertown had sent forth many of its finest young 
men, and there still came repeated calls for further reinforcements, 
it became necessary to adopt strenuous measures to fill the town's 
quotas. Bounties were increased and additional inducements 
ofi'ered to attract new recruits. Some of the enrolled citizens were 
so enchained by family ties, or business cares, as to render it very 
difficult, if not almost impossible, for them to enlist ; while a few 
had conscientious scruples in regard to shedding the life-blood of 
others, or losing their own. 

These seciu^ed substitutes as a sort of vicarious sacrifice ; for a 
Nation's life must be preserved at all hazards, and it must needs 
be that a draft should. come. 

On the iSth day of July, 1S64, President Lincoln issued a call 
for 500,000 men, which after allowing for various credits in 
military service concluded as follows : 

" And I hereby proclaim, order, and direct, that immediately 
after the fifth day of September, being fifty days from the date of 
this call, a draft for troops to serve one year shall be held in every 
town, township, ward of a city, precinct, election district, or a 
count}' not so sub-divided, to fill the quota, which shall be as- 
signed to it under this call, or any part thereof which may be un- 
filled by volunteers on the said fifth day of September, 1S64." 

(Signed) Abraham Lincoln. 

Watertown appointed a Recruiting Committee to fill its quota 
under this call. From a printed report made by this committee 
the following facts appear : 

Of the list of enrolled men, 204 agreed to pay the assessment 
of $40 each, levied on them by the Recruiting Committee. 

168 men paid $40 each ----- $6,720 

5 " " 20 " 100 

I " " 25 " 35 

I " " 30 " 30 

10 furnished substitutes. 

19 uncollected. $6,875 



204 
Subscriptions from other sources, $3,600. 



50. 
50. 
60. 
50. 



LAST CALL BEFORE THE DRAFT 

Will you enlist, and receive the following liberal Bounty and Pay, or- 
be conscripted and receive thirteen dollars per month? You can have 
your choice of any Regiment of Infantry, Cavalry, or. Light Battery of 
Aiiillery now in the field. 

DECIDE IMMEDIATELY! 

Take this last chance, and do not risk uncertainties! 

Read the' following liberal and bona-fide offers for Volunteers.: 

VETEiAHS. 

1 Month's advance pay, . . . . $13. 

Bounty . 62. — 75. 

First pay-day Bounty, 50. 

2 Month's pay, 26. — 76. 

At first regular pay-day after 6 month's service, 50. 

" 1 year's 

(« «( « t( 11 <c 

<C t( *t *i O (< 

(( (t 4( (( ni -ii 

At the expiration of 3 years, to any Soldier 

who may be honorably discharged, . . . 40. 

EAW eEOEilTS. 

Pirst payment, same as veterans, . . . 75. 

Pirst regular pay-day, 40. 

First regular pay-day after 6 month's service, 40. 

" 1 year's " 40. 

(( u it a 11 (( a Af\ 

it « « a n (< (( AC\ 

(( « « a o « « AC\ 

jg^^-In addition to the above, the State of Massachusetts pays $325. 
l}ounty, making the whole bounty 

TO VETERANS, . $725.00 

TO RAW RECRUITS, . 625.00 

STATE AID TO FAIHIIiIES. 

RECETJITnsrG OFFICE 

TOWIi MALL, . . . WATEifOWN. 

Captain JOSEPH CEAFTS, Eecruiting Agent. 

CAJiKINS & aOODWIN. Printers, 138 Washington Street, (up stairs,.) Sostpn. 



The Civil War. 143 

" Three thousand dollars have also been deposited by the Town 
Treasurer with the State authorities, for the purpose of recruiting 
in the Southern States, which will entitle the town to 24 recruits, 
if successful. As far as reported by the Board of Enrollment, 
about 10 per cent, have already been secured." 

Fearing that, owing to the advanced price of recruits, an insuf- 
ficient amount had been subscribed, supplementary subscriptions 
w^ere made, amounting to $3,336. Fortunately, the committee 
was able to save the town from a draft, and still refund to sub- 
scribers 80 per cent, of these supplementary subscriptions. 

Amount received from enrolled men - - - - $6,875 

Subscriptions from other sources ----- 3,660 

Amount received from town ------ 5'°°'^ 

Collected of supplemental subscriptions - - - 2,665 

$18,190 

Paid for recruits and substitutes $i5'955 

Refunded to supplemental subscribers - - - 2,235 

$18,190 
Names of enlisted men : 

John Connelly, re-enlisted 3 years in N. O., 3d Mass. Cavalry. 

A. A. Spencer, Invalid Corps, 3 years. 

Nathan S. Kemp, 39th Mass. Reg't. i year. 

John Whitney, " " " " 

Henry Richards, 4th Mass. Cavalry, 3 years. 

Thomas Donlan, 2d Mass. Cav., 3 years. 

George W. Farrell, 2d Mass. Hv. Art., 3 years. 

The following enlisted at the Arsenal, for 3 years : 
Cornelius Lynch Joseph M. Burns 

John Dunn James Dunn 

Joseph Young John Downey 

Edward Kenney 

The following enlisted in Washington, for 3 years : 

William Anne William Clusky 

Daniel W. Frazer John Vaughan 

James Holden Charles Rinehart 

James Baker William Brown 

James Miller John T. Johnson 

Bernard Lyons John Ellis 

Robert Johnson C. E. W. Lav^^son 

George T. Carter Robert Morton 

John Morly William Parker 

Patrick Murphy John Carroll 

William Holland John Taylor 

Joseph Vinton, jr. E. F. Scruton 

Patrick McNeil Timothy McGuire 
Charles C. Johnson 



144 Water towjt's Military History. 

Names of substitutes furnished to serve 3 years : 

Vincennes xVndalacia William Fitzgerald 

John Smith Frank M'Gloin 

John Burke John McGinley 

Louis JMonplaisir Frank Harris 

Antonio Silver Jeremiah Cooney 

Substitutes to serve i year : 

Frederick Hankin Alexander McDougal 

Recapitulation : 

Over on previous calls --- y 

Assigned from Navy claim ------- 7 

Number enlisted ---- ^i 

Substitutes furnished ----12 

Number assigned from State, being our portion 

of Navy men credited to State at large - - 30 



97 
Our quota assigned --------94 



Leaving surplus 



The report concludes with a list of 440 enrolled men of Water- 
town, as it stood Nov. i, 1S64, giving the name, age and occupa- 
tion of each man; but says that a large number of these names 
should be struck oft' for various reasons, the revision and correc- 
tion of lists being a continuous duty. It also expresses a hope 
that such of the enrolled men as were able to, but did not, con- 
tribute toward the fund raised to fill the present quota would 
respond promptly in case of another call. 

The succeeding Springtime brought the dawn of Peace, aftei 
four troubled years of warfare, and there was little real military 
service performed by this last quota of Watertown soldiers, al- 
though most of the men had enlisted to serve for three years. 

The names of the Recruiting Committee were as follows: 

Luke Perkins, George N. March, secretary and treasurer; 
George K. Snow, A. L. Richards, S. H. Rosebrook and A. 
Lewando. 

Mr. Richards, residing in Watertown, and Mr. March, a resi- 
dent of Newton, are the only survivors of that efficient committee. 



CIVIL WAR SERVICE. 



The following military record includes a list of the principal 
officers of the various regiments and other bodies of troops with 
which Watertown men were connected, and a brief sketch of the 
services rendered. The names of soldiers given represent those 
who formed a part of the several quotas furnished by Watertown, 
and also those who were born in this town, or who claimed 
Watertown as their place of residence. 

The committee was fortunate in securing the aid of the late 
Willie M. Russell, who had served in the United States Navy 
during the Spanish War, to whom was committed the task of 
delving into the Town and State archives in quest of military 
names and records. It was slow, laborious work, faithfully en- 
gaged in, but ere it was finished, and the material in readiness to 
be printed, Mr. Russell died. 

Capt. William H. Benjamin, a member of the committee, freely 
cooperated with Mr. Russell in securing, and systematizing the 
record of regimental and individual service of those who bore an 
honorable part in the Civil War and the recent War with Spain. 

Certain facts in relation to some soldiers can only be obtained 
at Washington. These, as far as they pertained to Watertown 
men, it was impossible to secure. Still the following detailed 
story is believed to be in the main correct, and it is certainly credit- 
able to Watertown. 



First Regiment Infantry (3 yrs). 
Robert Cowdin, Colonel . . May 22, 1861, Boston. 
GeorgeD. Wells, Lieut. Colonel, "' " " " 

Charles Peleg Chandler, Major " " " " 

Richard H. Salter, Surgeon . " 30, " " 

Samuel A. Green, Asst. Surgeon " 25, " " 

The several companies composing this regiment were mustered 
into service, as follows : Companies A, B, G and H, May 23, 
1861 ; D, F, K, and I, May 24; E, May 25; and C, May 27. 
The regiment left for the seat of war June ic;, 1861. It marched 
through Baltimore on the 17th, being the first regiment which 
passed through that city after the attack made on tim Sixth Regi- 
ment the 19th of April, 1S61. The regiment arrived in Washing- 
ton that afternoon, and went into camp at Georgetown, June 21. 
It was mustered out May 25, 1864. It took part in the following 
engagements : First Bull Run, Yorktown, Williamsburg, Fair 



146 Watertown's Military History. 

Oaks, Savage Station, Glendale, Malvern Hill, Kettle Run, Sec- 
ond Bull Run, Chantilly, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Get- 
tysburg, Locust Grove, Wilderness, and Spotsylvania. 

John O. Bacon. Res. Roxbury; age, 35; b. Watertown ; 
private Co. K; M. I. July 31, 1S62 ; M. O. May 25, 1S64, ex. 
of ser. 



Second Regiment Infantry (3 yrs). 
George H. Gordon, Colonel . May 24, 1861, Boston. 
George L. Andre w^, Lt. Colonel '' " " " 

Wilder D wight. Major ... " " " " 

Lucius M. Sargent, Surgeon . " 28 " " 

Alonzo H. Quint, Chaplain . June 20 " West Roxbury. 
Charles Wheaton, Jr., Adjutant, May 28 " Roxbury. 
R. Morris Copeland, Qiiartermaster, May 28, 1861, Boston. 
This regiment was recruited in May, 1861, and mustered into 
service May 11. It left the State July 8, and proceeded to Mary- 
land, where it was on duty until December, 1861. It was mus- 
tered out of service July 14, 1S65, at Capitol Hill, Washington. 
The regiment was paid in full at Readville, Mass., after four 
years, two months and three days of varied military service. It 
took part in the following engagements : Jackson, Winchester, 
Antietam, Chancellorsville, Resaca, Peach Tree Creek, Raleigh, 
Front Royal, Cedar Mountain, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Ken- 
esaw Mountain, Atlanta and Averysborough. 

James Hutchinson. Res. Boston (.''); aged 35 ; clerk; enl. 
Co. I, Aug. 9, 1862; cr. So. Boston; re-enl. at Elk River, Tenn., 
Dec. 30, 1863; wounded at Averysborough, N. C. ; disch. from 
Hospital at Worcester, Mass., July 28, 1S65. (Town Clerk In- 
graham claimed the residence as Watertown.) 

Henry O. Madden, farmer; res. Watertown; priv. Co. F; 
enl. May 22, i86r ; b. Qiuncy, 111.; disch. April 22, 1863, for 
disability ; fracture of bone of right foot, while on duty. 

Henry Murray, transferred from the 33d inf. June ist 1S65 ; 
M. O. July 14, 1865. (See 33d inf.) 



TJiird Battalion Rifles (3 months). 

Charles Devens, Major, Worcester. 

John M. Goodhue, Adjutant, " 

James E. Estabrook, Qiiartermaster, Worcester. 

Oramel Martin, Surgeon. 

George T. White, Quartermaster Sergeant. 
This battalion, consisting of four companies, left Worcester on 
the afternoon of April 20, 1S61, and arrived at Annapolis, Md., 
on the morning of the 24th. It was ordered to Fort McHenry, 
Baltimore harbor, which was reached by transport on the morn- 
ing of May 3, 1S61, and it remained there until the end of its 



The Civil War, 147 

term of service. The battalion completed the number of three 
months' men called for by the Government, which consisted of 
five regiments of Infantry, one battalion of Rifles, and one battery 
of Artillery. 

George R. Howard. Res. Watertown; age, 19; enl. Co. 
D, April 19, 1S61 ; M. I. May 19, 1861 (to date from enlistment) ; 
M. O. August 3, 1861. (See Co. K, 99th N. Y. Inf.) 



Fifth Regiment Infantty (3 months). 

Samuel C. Lawrence, Colonel, Medford. 

J. Durrell Green, Lt. " Cambridge. 

Hamlin W. Keyes, Major, Boston. 

Thomas O. Barre, Adjutant, Cambridge. 

Joseph E. Billings, Quartermaster, Boston. 

Samuel H. Hurd, Surgeon, Charlestown. 

Benjamin F. De Costa, Chaplain, Charlestown. 
The Fifth received orders to report Friday, April 19, 1S61. It 
was ready to go forward the next day, but was detained until 
Sunday morning, April 21, when it started for Annapolis, Md. 
Notwithstanding the early hour, thousands were on the streets to 
witness its departure. It arrived at Annapolis on the morning of 
April 24. The next day the regiment was ordered to Washing- 
ton, where it was quartered in the Treasury Building. On the 
i6th of July the regiment was put in General Franklin's Brigade. 
It bore an honored part in the battle of Bull Run, which was 
fought on the 21st of July, exactly three months from the day on 
which the regiment left Boston. 

The regiment left Washington July 28, and arrived in Boston 
on the 30th, having been in the service three months and seven 
days. Its reception in Boston was worthy of its military record. 
Falemon Charles Mills. Res. Watertown ; age, 26 ; pri- 
vate, Co. E; enl. April 16, 1861 ; M. I. May i, 1861 ; M. O. 
July 31, 1861. (See Co. B, 33d Inf.) 



Fifth Regiment Infantry (9 months). 

George H. Pierson, Colonel, Salem. 

John T. Boyd, Lt. " Charlestown. 

William E. C. Worcester, Major, Marlboro. 

William Ingalls, Surgeon, Winchester. 

William T. Eustis, 3d, Adjutant, Charlestown. 

George A. Norton, Qiiartermaster, Boston. 

William F. Snow, Chaplain, Somerville. 

This regiment was recruited in September, 1862, under the call 

of the President for three hundred thousand nine months' men. 

The camp was at Wenliam, Mass., and was known as Camp 

Lander. The regiment was mustered into service October 2, and 



148 Watertotviz's Military History. 

left the State October 23, 1862, in transports for Newbern, N. C, 
with orders to report to General Forster. Before the regiment 
had been forty-eight hours in Newbern, and before its muskets 
and equipments had arrived from Morehead City, orders were 
received to cook three days' rations, and be prepared to start upon 
an expedition immediately. Muskets and equipments were dis- 
tributed among the men during the night, and they left camp at 
4 o'clock the following morning. It took part in the following 
engagements: Kinston, Whitehall and Goldsboro. 

The regiment left North Carolina on June 22, 1863, and reported 
the next dav at Fortress Monroe. It was then ordered to proceed 
directly to Boston. Arriving in Boston harbor, on the afternoon 
of the 26th, the regiment received an enthusiastic ovation from the 
citizens of Boston, and the authorities and citizens of Charlestown 
and vicinity. Along the whole route crowds of people had assem- 
bled to welcome the return of this favorite regiment to Massachu- 
setts. It was mustered out of service at Wenham, July 2, 1S63. 
When leaving Newbern the regiment received the compliment of 
an escort from the brigade to which it had been attached, under 
the command of Colonel H. C. Lee, who took advantage of the 
occasion to address the officers and men as follows: "Mr. Com- 
mander, Fellow Officers and Soldiers : Although unaccustomed 
to public speaking, I cannot, in justice to my own feelings, part 
with you without expressing my respect for you, and my grati- 
tude for the promptitude and cheerfulness with which you have 
obeyed all my orders, whether you were commanded to march to 
the deadly battlefield, or to appear for drill or review. I had 
heard before the regiment came to this department of its honorable 
reputation, and I was proud when I learned that it was to be in- 
cluded in the brigade under my command. That pride has been 
continually strengthened by the Hiithfulness with which you have 
performed your duties. You had scarcely time to realize you 
were upon the enemy's soil when you were ordered on a tedious 
and hazardous march ; and this you have followed up, with brief 
intervals, by frequent expeditions, leaving but little time to rest. 
You may perhaps think you have done more than your share of 
labor, by engaging in more expeditions, enduring longer marches 
and performing more arduous service than any other nine months' 
regiment, or even the three years' troops, in the same period of 
time; but you should remember the Scripture saying that 'Whom 
the Lord loveth he chasteneth,' and accept the toils and hardships 
you have borne, as a proof of the good opinion of your command- 
ing General, who calls most frequently into service those regi- 
ments in which he has the most confidence. I shall follow you 
to your farms, your workshops and your counting-houses, with 
the warmest feelings of friendship, and shall always remember 
your services with gratitude and satisfaction." 

Just before the departure of the regiment, a note was received 
from General Forster, of which the following is a copy: 




OF 



Go. R. GAPT. GRAFTS, 

mis m lEEMENT! 

•n FRIDAY^ June SO, '63. 

The Company will arrive at Watertown Railroad Station 
at 1-4 past 3 o'clock, P- M., where they will be received by 
the Officers of the Town, the Military, Fire Organizations and 
the Citizens, who will escort the Company to the Grove, where 
a Collation will be provided for the returned soldiers. 

ROUTE Of PROmiON ! 

From the Depot through Spring, Palfrey, Mt. Auburn, Pat- 
ten, Port, Koad, Main, Green, Pleasant and Galen Streets to 
the Residence of Capt. Crafts. RETURN through Galen» 
Main, Church and Palfrey Streets to the Grove. 

All citizens ol Watertown are invited to 

join the escort, 

FRANCIS KENDAU, 

Chief Marshal. 



The Civil War. 149 

Headquarters Eighteenth Corps, 

Newbern, June 22, 1863. 
Colonel George H. Pierson, Commanding Fifth Regiment Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Militia : 
The term of service of your regiment having expired, you are 
about to leave this department. Your regiment has at all times 
faithfully performed their duty ; whatever they have done, has 
been well done. The commanding General desires to express his 
regrets at bidding you farewell, and the hope that he may soon 
have the pleasure of welcoming many of your members back again. 
Very respectfully and truly, and by command of, 

Major-General Forster. 
Southard Hoffman, 

Asst. Adjutant-General. 

Co. K of Watertown formed a part of this regiment, as fol- 
lows : 

Charles Adams. Res. Watertown ; age, 21 ; carpenter; 
Corp. Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1S62; M. I. Sept. 19, 1862; M. O. 
July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

William F. Baldwin. Res. Watertown ; age, 26; tinworker; 
b. Townsend, Mass. ; Sergt. Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1S62; M. I. 
Sept. 19, 1862; M. O., July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Judson L. Bent. Res. Watertown; aged 18; student; b. 
Watertown, Mass.; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. 
Sept. 19, 1862; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. (Served as Jud- 
son Bent.) 

James H. Blanchard. Res. Watertown; age, 26; lather; 
b. Lincoln, Mais. ; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. 
Sept. 19, 1862; M. O. July 2, 1S63, ex. of ser. 

Jacob G. Boyce. Res. Watertown; age, 32; teamster; b. 
Milford, N. H. ; Corpl. Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. Sept. 
19, 1S62; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Charles Brigham. Res. Watertown ; age, 21 ; architect ; b. 
Watertown, Mass. ; Clerk Co. K; enl. Sep. 12, 1862 ; M. I. Sept. 
19, 1862; promoted to Sergt. Feb. i, 1863; M. O.July 2, 1863, 
ex. of ser. 

Patrick Burns. Res. Watertown; age, 21; laborer; b. 
Limerick, Ireland; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. L 
Sept. 19, 1862; missing on Goldsboro Expedition, Dec. i8, 1862; 
joined Co. at Boston June 26, 1863, from Parole Camp, Annapo- 
lis, Md. ; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

John H. Carter. Res. Watertown ; age, 24; machinist; b. 
New York, N. Y. ; ist Sergt. Co. E; enl. Sept. 12, 1862 ; M. 1. 
Sept. 19, 1862; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

John Collins. Res. Waltham ; age, 18; laborer; b. Water- 
town, Mass.; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. L Sept. 19, 
1862 ; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 



150 Watertowft's Military History. 

Joseph Crafts. Res. Watertown ; age, 43 ; accountant ; b. 
Cambridge, Mass.; Captain Co. K; commissioned Aug. 28, 
1862; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Thomas Dardis. Res. Watertown ; age, 18 ; laborer; b. New 
York, N. Y. ; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. Sept, 
19, 1S62; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Amos L. Derby. Res. Watertown ; age, 43 ; triper ; b. 
Leominster, Mass.; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M.I. 
Sept. 19, 1862; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Andrew Dewyre. Res. Watertown; age, 18; laborer; b. 
Ireland; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. Sept. 19, 
1862; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. (See Co. L, ist Cav.) 

George A. Dexter. Res. Watertown; age, 20; baggage 
master; b. Bolton, Mass. ; private Co. K ; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; 
M. I. Sept. 19, 1862 ; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

James DuNNT. Res. Watertown ; age, 16; servant; b. Boston, 
Mass.; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I, Sept. 19, 1862, 
M. O. July 2, 1863, ex of ser. (See Co. B. 5th Inf. 100 days.) 

James A. Ellis. Res. Watertown ; age, 18; farmer; b. Fair- 
field, Me.; Corp. Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. Sept. 19, 
1862; promoted to Corporal Feb. i, 1863; M. O. July 2, 1863, 
ex. of ser. (See Field & Staff ist Cav.) 

Charles Foster. Res. Watertown ; age, 22 ; saddler ; b. 
Herman, Me.; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. Sept. 
19, 1862 ; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

George E. Harrington. Res. Watertown; age, 20; clerk; 
b. Waltham, Mass.; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. 
Sept. 19, 1862: M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Charles F. Hill. Res. Watertown; age, 18; laborer; b. 
Watertown; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. Sept. 19, 
1862; M. O.July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Charles C. Hilton. Res. Watertown ; age, 18; mechanic; 
b. Madison, Me.; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M.I. 
Sept. 19, 1862 ; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

George W. Horn, Jr. Res. Watertown ; age, 18; carpen- 
ter; b. Watertown; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M.I. 
Sept. 19, 1862; M. O. July 2, 1S63, ^^- of ser. 

Frederick A. Howard. Res. Watertown ; age, 44 ; laborer ; 
private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862 ; deserted from camp at Wen- 
ham, Mass., Oct. 23, 1S62. 

Micajah C. Howes. Res. Watertown; age, 18; clerk; b. 
Chatham, Mass. ; private Co. K ; enl. Sept. 12, 1862 ; M. I. Sept. 
19, 1862 ; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. (See Co. C, 5th Inf. 
100 days.) 

Edward C. Ireland. Res. Watertown ; age, 23 ; bookbin- 
der; b. Watertown; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. 
Sept. 19, 1862 ; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 




CAPTAIN JOSEPH CRAFTS. 



The Civil War. 151 

William Jones. Res. Watertown ; ageiS; farmer; b. Provi- 
dence, R. I. ; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M.I. Sept. 19, 
1862 ; M. O. July 2, 1S63, ex. of ser. (See nth Batt. Lt. Art.) 

James Kennedy. Res. Watertown ; age, 44 ; stone mason ; 
b. Donnegal, Ireland; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. 
Sept. 19, 1862; M. O.July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. (See Co. A, 2d 
Hv. Art.) 

Austin W. Lindley. Res. Watertown; age, 18; clerk; b. 
Watertown; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. Sept. 
19, 1862 ; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Joseph D. Lyman. Res. Watertown; age, 20; laborer; b. 
Watertown ; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862 ; M. I. Sept. 19, 
1862 ; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

George C. Nichols. Res. Watertown ; age, 22 ; farmer ; b. 
Leicester, Mass. ; private Co. K ; enl. Sept. 12, 1862 ; M. I. Sept. 
19, 1862 ; M. O. July 2, 1S63, ex. of ser. 

Oliver M. Ober. Res. Watertown; age, 18; laborer; b. 
Sweden; private Co. K ; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. Sept. 19, 
1862 ; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. (See Co. B, 5th Inf. 100 
days.) 

Peter A. Ober. Res. Watertown; age, 21; laborer; b. 
Sweden; private Co. K; enl. Sept. I2, 1S62; M. I. Sept. 19, 
1862 ; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Ira J. Osborne. Res. Watertown; age, 21; carpenter; b. 
Cambridge, N. Y. ; commissioned 2d Lieut. August 28, 1862; 
M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Horace W. Otis. Res. Watertown; age, 21; clerk ; b. 
Leominster, Mass.; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. 
Sept, 19, 1862 ; promoted to Corporal Feb. i, 1863, at Newbern, 
N. C. ; M. O. July 2, 1863, ^^- of ser. (See Co. L, ist Cav.) 

Ward M. Otis. Res. Watertown; age, 19; clerk; b. Leom- 
inster, Mass.; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1S62 ; M. I. Sept. 
19, 1S62; M. O.July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Thomas Penderghast. Res. Watertown ; age, 18 ; laborer; 
b. Waltham, Mass.; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1S62; M.I. 
Sept. 19, 1862; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of serv. 

Joseph S. Perkins. Res. Waltham; age, 20; painter; b. 
Watertown; Corporal, Co. K; enl. Aug. 19, 1862; M. I. Sept. 
19, 1862; M. O.July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

John A. Pond. Res. Watertown; age, 18; laborer; b. Wa- 
tertown; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. Sept. 19, 
1862; M. O.July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. (See Co. B, 5th Inf. 100 
days, and Co. E. ist Frontier Cav.) 

Charles H. Priest. Res. Watertown; age, 20; mechanic; 
b. Harvard, Mass. ; private Co. K; enl. Sept, 12, 1862; M.I. 
Sept. 19, 1862 ; M. O.July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 



152 Watertotvn's Military History. 

George L. Rhoades. Res. Watertown; age, 21; clerk; b. 
Chicago, 111. ; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; deserted from 
Camp at Wenham, October 22, 1862. 

Edward F. Richardson. Res. Watertown; age, 23; laborer; 
b. Westford, Mass. ; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M.I. 
Sept. 19, 1S62 ; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Selden H. Rosebrook. Res. Watertown ; age, 25 ; farmer ; 
Corporal; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. Sept. 19, 1862; M. O. July 
2, 1863, ex. of. ser. 

Jeremiah Russell, Jr. Res. Watertown ; age, 18; farmer; 
b. Watertown; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. Sept. 
19, 1862; discharged for disability at Newbern, N. C, Jan. 14, 
1863. 

Charles E. Sanger. Res. Watertown ; age, 18; carpenter; 
b. Portsmouth, N. H. ; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12,1862; M. I. 
Sept. 19, 1862; M. O. July 2, 1S63, ex. of ser. 

Mark N. Sibley. Res. Watertown; age, 21; laborer; b. 
Wakefield, N. H. ; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. 
Sept. 19, 1862; M. O.July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Edwin A. Stackpole, Res. Watertown; age, 21; black- 
smith; b. Great Falls, N. H. ; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 
1862; M. I. Sept. 19, 1862 ; M. O.July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

John S. Stanley. Res. Watertown; age, 27: butcher; b. 
Wilmington, Vt. ; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. 
Sept. 19, 1862 ; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Patrick Toole. Res. Watertown; age, 19; farmer; b. Gal- 
way, Ireland; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M.I. Sept. 
19, 1862; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex of ser. 

Joseph Tyghe. Res. Watertown ; age, 18; laborer; b. Wa- 
tertown; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. Sept. 19, 
1862; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Daniel H. Wilson. Res. Watertown ; age, 18 ; teamster; b. 
Milton, N. H. ; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. Sept. 
19, 1862 ; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 

James Wilson. Res. Watertown ; age, 27 ; student ; b. Lon- 
donderry, Ireland; private Co. K; enl. Sept. 12, 1862; M. I. 
Sept. 19, 1862; M. O. July 2, 1863, ex. of ser. 



FiftJi Regiment Infantry (100 days). 

George H. Pierson, Colonel, Salem. 

William E. C. Worcester, Lt. Colonel, Marlboro. 

Edwin F. Wyer, Adjutant, Woburn. 

Charles Currier, Qiiartermaster, Medford. 

Joshua B. Treadwell, Surgeon, Boston. 

George H. Jones, Asst. " " 



The Civil War. 153 

This regiment was mustered into service for 100 days July 28, 
1864, numbering 30 officers and %Z6 enlisted men. Although the 
regiment was ordered to report at Washington, it was stationed 
at Fort Marshall, in the vicinity of Baltimore, Md., doing duty 
there during its full term of service. 

James E. Brennen. Res. Watertown ; age, 19; laborer; 
private Co. B; enl. July 15, 1S64; M. I. July 25, 1S64; M. O. 
Nov. 16, 1864, ex. of ser. 

James Dunn. Res. Watertown; age, 19; laborer; private; 
enl. July 16, 1864; M. I. July 25, 1864; M. O. Nov. 16, 1864, 
ex. of ser. (See Co. K, 5th 9 mos.) 

MiCAjAH C. Howes. Res. Watertown; age, 21; clerk; pri- 
vate Co. C ; enl. July 16, 1864 ; M. I.July 23, 1S64; M. O. Nov. 
16, 1864, ex. of ser. (See Co. K, 5th Inf. 9 mos.) 

James L. Ireland. Res. Watertown; age, 18; shoemaker; 
private Co. B; enl. July 15, 1864; M. I. July 25, 1864; M. O. 
Nov. 16, 1864, ex. of ser. 

John H. McMaster. Res. Watertown ; age, 27 ; clerk ; 
Corporal Co. B ; enl. July 15, 1864; M. I. July 25, 1864: M- O. 
Nov. 16, 1864, ex. of ser. 

Oliver M. Ober. Res. Watertown; age, 19; laborer; Cor- 
poral Co. B; enl. July 15, 1864; M. I. July 25, 1864; M. O. 
Nov. 16, 1864, ex. of ser. (See Co. K, 5th Inf. 9 mos.) 

John A. Pond. Res. Watertown ; age, 18; tinsmith; private 
Co. B ; enl. July 15, 1864; M. I. July 25, 1864; M. O. Nov. 16, 
1864, ex. of ser. (See Co. K, 5th Inf. 9 mos., and Co. E, ist 
Batt. Frontier Cav.) 



Ninth Regiment Infantry. 

Thomas Cass, Colonel, June 11, 186 1, Boston. 

Cromwell G. Rowell, Lt. Colonel, June 11, 1861, Boston. 

Robert Peard, Major, June 11, 1861, Milford. 

Peter Pines, Surgeon, " " " Boston. 

Stephen W. Drew, Asst. Surgeon, August 27, 1861, Woburn. 

Thomas Scully, Chaplain, June 17, 1861, Boston. 

The Ninth Regiment was composed of men of Irish birth, and 
was recruited by the gallant Colonel Cass, who was mortally 
wounded before Richmond, June 27, 1862 ; and died soon after 
at his residence in Boston. The Ninth was organized in April, 
1861, and after remaining in camp at Long Island, Boston Har- 
bor, several weeks, embarked for Washington, arriving at its des- 
tination June 29, 1861. The regiment participated in the battles 
before Richmond in June, 1862; Fredericksburg, Chancellors- 
ville, Gettysburg, Wapping Heights, Mine Run, Wilderness, 
Spotsylvania Court House, North Anna River, Po River, Beth- 
esda Church, Shady Oak and Cold Harbor ; at which last place 



154 Watertawn* s Military History. 

the regiment was ordered home, the term of service having ex- 
pired. It arrived in Boston, June 15, 1S64, the veterans meeting 
with a most cordial and hearty reception. 

The regiment was mustered out June 21, 1S64. 

John Scherer. Res. New York City, N. Y. ; age, 29 ; coop- 
er; private; enl. August 21, 1S63 : cr. Watertown ; M. I. Au- 
gust 21, 1863. (Drafted.) Transferred to Co. K, 32d Inf., June 
9, 1S64. (See Co. K, 32d Inf.) 

Michael M. Warren. Res. Watertown ; age, 23 ; gardener ; 
private Co. H; cr. Watertown; enl. January 7, 1S62 ; M. I. Jan- 
uary 7, 1862; Discharged to reenlist Feb, 16, 1864. Reenlisted 
Feb. 22, 1864; Deserted June 13, 1863, and May i, 1864; 
wounded June 27, 1862. 



Eleventh Regiment Infantry. 

George Clark, Jr., Colonel, June 13, 1861, Dorchester. 

William Dunham, Lt. " " " " Boston. 

George F. Tileston, Major, " " " " 

Luther B. Bell, Surgeon, " " " Somerville. 

Ira Russell, Asst. " August 27, 1861, Natick. 

Elisha F. Watson, Chaplain, June 13, " Boston. 
This regiment was mustered into service June 13, and left the 
State June 27, 1861. Its organization as a regiment ceased on 
June 12, 1864, when the original members who had served three 
years, were mustered out. The remainder were consolidated 
into a battalion of five companies, to which was subsequently 
added a new company of one-year men, recruited in this State. 
Ten men of Company K, i6th regiment, who went from Water- 
town, formed a part of this battalion. The regiment took part in 
these engagements : First Bull Run, Yorktown, Williamsburg, 
Fair Oaks, Savage Station, Glendale, Malvern Hill, Bristow 
Station, Second Bull Run, Chantilly, Fredericksburg, Chan- 
cellorsville, Gettysburg, Locust Grove, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, 
North Anna, and Cold Harbor. From June 12, 1864, this organ- 
ization was known as the nth Battalion, taking part in the fol- 
lowing engagements : Petersburg, Deep Bottom, Poplar Grove 
Church, Boydton Road. It was discharged at Readville, Mass., 
July 14, 1865. The regiment was complimented in General Or- 
ders on a number of occasions, and was relied upon when a diffi- 
cult and dangerous position was to be taken. 

Calvin R. Baker. Private; Co. E; transferred from Co.K, 
i6th Inf., July 11, 1864; discharged April 18, 1865, for disability. 

Pierre A. Benton. Corporal Co. F, (Perrin Benton on 
record of i6th Inf.) ; transferred from Co. K, i6th Inf., July ri, 
1864; M. O.July 14, 1865; reduced to ranks Dec. 21, 1864. 

George H. Browman. (Brooman on records of i6th Inf.); 
Sergeant Co. F ; transferred from Co. K, i6th Inf., July 11, 1864 ; 



The Civil War. 155 

I St Sergeant, Dec. 2, 1864; 2d Lieut. July 11, 1865; M. O. as 
ist Sergeant July 14, 1865. 

Charles E. Brown, Corporal Co. F ; transferred from Co. K, 
i6th Inf., July 11, 1864; discharged July 22, 1865, O. W. D. 

Daniel D. Burnes. Private Co. E; transferred from Co. K, 
i6th Inf., July nth, 1864. 

George Knott. Private Co. F ; transferred from Co. K, i6th 
Inf., July II, 1864; M. O. July 14, 1865. 

Eben N. Lord. Private Co. K; transferred from Co. K, i6th 
Inf., July II, 1864; promoted Corporal Nov. i, 1864; M. O. 
July 14, 1865. 

Oliver H. Smith. Private Co. F ; transferred from Co. K, 
i6th Inf., July 11, 1864; M. O. July 14, 1865. 

Alonzo K. Worth. Sergeant Co. E ; transferred from Co. K. 
i6th Inf., July II, 1864; ist Sergeant August 1 1, 1864; 2d Lieut. 
July II, 1S65; M. O.July 14, 1865, as ist Sergeant. 



Twelfth Regiment Infantry. 

Fletcher Webster, Colonel, June 26, 1861, Marshfield. 

Timothy M. Byram, Lt. Colonel, June 26, 1861, Newton. 

Elisha M. Burbank, Major, " " " Woburn. 

Jeddiah H, Baxter, Surgeon, " " " Boston. 

Edwin L. Clark, Chaplain " " " Andover. 

The regiment was organized at Fort Warren by Colonel Fletcher 
Webster, a brave and generous gentleman, who fell in the battle 
of Second Bull Run, August 30, 1862. His body was brought 
home, and lies buried by the side of that of his illustrious father, 
Daniel Webster, at Marshfield, Mass. It was remarked by Gen- 
eral Banks, under whose command the regiment served for seve- 
ral months, that Colonel Webster's death was the embodiment of 
the peroration of his father's great speech in the United States 
Senate, on Foote's resolution : " Liberty and Union, now and 
forever., one and inseparable.^^ The regiment was mustered 
into service June 26, 1861, at Fort Warren, Boston. On July 23 
it left Boston, arrived at Sandy Hook, Md., on the 27th, and en- 
camped. It went into winter quarters at Frederick, Md. It was 
in the battles of Cedar Mountain, Second Bull Run, Antietam, 
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spot- 
sylvania, North Anna River, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg. It 
was mustered out July 8, 1864. 

Andrew Boodro. Res. Watertown ; age, 18; barber; pri- 
vate Co. E; enl. July 29, 1862; M. I.July 29, 1862. 

James B. Childs. Res. Watertown ; age, 42 ; baker ; private 
Co. H ; enl. July 29, 1862 ; M. I. July 29, 1862 ; discharged Dec. 
6, 1862. 

James F. Thompson. Res. Watertown ; age, 22; teamster; 
b. Wayland, Mass.; private Co. D; enl. June 26, 1861 ; M. I. 
June 26, 1861 ; M. O. July 8, 1864, ex. of ser. 



156 Watertown* s Military History. 

Thirteenth Regiment Infantry. 

Samuel H. Leonard, Colonel, July 16, 1861, Boston. 

N. Walter Bachelor, Lt. " " " " " 

Jacob Parker Gould, Major, " " " Stoneham. 

Allston W. Whitney, Surgeon, " " " Boston. 

Noah M. Gaylord, Chaplain, " " " " 

The nucleus of this regiment was the Fourth Battalion of 
Rifles, M. V. M. ; which was recruited to a regiment at Fort 
Independence. It was mustered into service July 16, 1861 ; left 
the State July 30, 1861 ; and was mustered out August i, 1864, 
at Boston. 

Engagements it was in: Second Bull Run, Antietam, Frede- 
ricksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, 
North Anna River, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg. Those soldiers 
whose terms of service had not expired at the date of the muster 
out of the regiment, were tranferred to the Thirty-Ninth Regi- 
ment. 

Edwin H. Brigham. Res. Watertown; age, 21; clerk; b. 
Boston, Mass. ; private Co. A; enl.July 16, 1861 ; M. I. July 20, 
1861 ; discharged Feb. 18, 1864, to enlist in U.S.A. as Hospital 
Steward ; in engagements of Thoroughfare Gap and Bull Run. 

Charles F. Jackson. Res. Watertown; age, iS; black- 
smith; b. Watertown ; private Co. C ; enl. July 16, 1861 ; M. I. 
July, 16, 1861 ; promoted Corporal Feb. i, 1862; discharged for 
disability Nov. 26, 1S62. (See Co. A, 59th Inf.) 

William H. Jackson. Res. Watertown; age 28 ; engraver; 
b. Watertown; ist Lieut. Co. C; enl.July 16, 1861 ; M. LJuly 
16, 1861 ; Capt. Sept. 25, 1861 ; resigned March 5, 1863. 

Ezra J. Trull. Res. Watertown; age, 18; clerk; b. Bos- 
ton; private Co. A; enl. and M. I. July 16, 1861 ; transferred 
to 39th Inf. (See 39th Inf.) 



Fifteenth Regiment Infantry. 

Charles Devens, Jr., Colonel, July 24, 1861, Worcester. 
George H. Ward, Lt. " " " " " 

John W. Kimball, Major, August i, 1861, " 

Joseph N. Bates, Surgeon, " 5, " " 

Saml. Foster Haven, Asst. Surgeon," " " " 
William G. Scandlin, Chaplin, " " " " 

This was a Worcester County Regiment. It was mustered 
into service July 12, and left the State August 8, 1861. It was 
mustered out July 28, 1864. Services were rendered at Ball's 
Bluff^, the battles on the Peninsular, Antietam, Fredericksburg, 
Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Bristow's Station, Robertson's Tav- 
ern, Wilderness, and in all the battles from the Rapidan to 
Petersburg in which the Second Corps were engaged. 



The Civil War, 157 

James Lyon Callahan. (Served under name James Lyon.) 
Res. Boston (f); age, 21 ; laborer; cr. Boston, Ward 11 ; pri- 
vate Co. F; transferred to Co. G, 20th Inf. ; prisoner of war, July 
27, 1864; substitute for Thomas A. Eames. (See Co. G, 20th 
Inf.) 



Sixteenth Regiment Infantry. 

Powell T. Wyman, Colonel, July 13, 1861, Boston. 
George A. Meacham, Lt. Colonel, July 13, 1861, Cambridge. 
Daniel S. Lamson, Major, August i. 1S61, Weston. 
Charles C. Jewett, Surgeon " " " HoUiston. 
Arthur B. Fuller, Chaplain " " " Watertown. 

The Sixteenth Regiment was recruited at " Camp Cameron," 
Cambridge, and was composed in great part of Middlesex County 
men, one company (K) being from Watertown. It was mustered 
into service August 5, 1861, and left this State for the seat of war 
August 17, under command of Powell T. Wyman, a graduate of 
West Point. It proceeded to Baltimore, Md., remaining there 
until September i, when it was ordered to Fortress Monroe, Va. 
In May, 1862, it triumphantly marched into Norfolk, Portsmouth, 
and Suffolk, being the first Union regiment which entered those 
cities. It joined the Army of the Potomac at Fair Oaks, June 13, 
1S62; and shed its first blood on the i8th of the same month in 
an action known as "Woodland" skirmish. For its gallantry 
and good conduct at that time, General Hooker complimented 
Colonel Wyman and the regiment with the remark : " I can trust 
them anywhere." The regiment was next engaged at Peach 
Orchard and at Glendale, where the Sixteenth won for itself true 
glory. In the early part of the battle Colonel Wyman fell. He 
was a patriotic and noble commander. In General Hooker's letter 
to Governor Andrew on the death of Colonel Wyman, we find the 
following sentence : " There is no doubt but at Glendale the Six- 
teenth Massachusetts saved the army." 

The regiment took part at Malvern Hill, Bristow Station, Sec- 
ond Bull Run and at Fredericksburg, where perhaps no one offi- 
cer more distinguished himself than the lamented Arthur B. Fuller, 
who was killed in that battle. Chaplain Fuller was then out of 
the service, having been discharged for disability, but being there, 
and seeing the heroism of our troops, he could not resist the op- 
portunity to prove by acts his love for the cause, and by example 
his unfeigned patriotism. The next engagement was at Chan- 
cellorsville, then Gettysburg, Wapping Heights, Locust Grove 
and Mine Run, these ending the list of battles for 1862 and 1S63. 
In December, 1863, and January and February, 1S64, ninety-six 
men reenlisted for three years, thus proving by acts their love of 
country. All honor to such men ! The regiment was now at- 
tached to the Second Brigade, Fourth Division, Second Army 
Corps. May 4th it crossed the Rapidan, and encamped on the 



158 Watertoivn^ s Military History. 

same ground where one year previous it had fought the battle of 
Chancellorsville. May 5, it marched near Barker's Store on the 
Brook Road in the Wilderness, threw up a line of woiks of fallen 
trees and earth, advanced through a thick wood intermingled with 
underbrush, and engaged the enemy's skirmishers. The entire 
corps was hotly engaged until 8 p. M., without material change of 
line. May 6, at 6 A. m., the entire line was advanced about one 
mile, the battle raging fiercely until 1 1 A. M., when the heavy re- 
inforcments of the enemy were thrown in masses upon our lines. 
At this time the Sixteenth showed its real pluck, and held the 
ground until the entire line both to the right and left had fallen 
back. It retired slowly, contesting each foot of ground, until it 
reached the works. At 5 p. m. General Longstreet's corps made 
its famous charge upon our lines. The regiment captured a large 
number of prisoners. May 7 it marched from the Wilderness 
toward Spotsylvania, moving by the left flank, each day erecting 
from one to three lines of earthworks. May 10, at 8 A. M., the 
regiment was ordered out as skirmishers, and was immediately 
engaged, remaining on the line and under fire all day. Twice 
in the afternoon a portion of the line was "assembled" and ad- 
vanced, took possession of a house situated on elevated ground, 
about one-fourth of a mile in advance, but was unable to hold the 
position. Its loss was heavy. Major Williams of General Mott's 
Staff remarked that the Sixteenth Massachusetts won the admira- 
tion of all who saw it, on the loth of May. 

May 12 was a memorable day to the army of the Potomac and 
to the country. Before daylight the second army corps was 
formed in line of battle, and advanced, taking the enemy by sur- 
prise, and was in their camps while the rebels were yet sleeping. 
The result of that day's action in captures of guns and prisoners 
is well known. After the aforesaid line was captured, the enemy 
rallied and were reinforced. Soon after the almost bloodless vic- 
tory of the morning was turned to a most severe battle. At 12 m., 
the Sixteenth was ordered to the right, along the crest of a hill, 
where the enemy had regained a few rods of the works lost in the 
morning. Along the entire line this seemed to be the only con- 
tested spot. Oiu" determination was that the enemy should cap- 
ture no more of the works, and that a steady fire should be kept 
up, so that no reinforcements could reach those already there. 
The musketry fire was terrific. It was at this point that a tree, 
some fourteen inches in diameter, was actually cut down with 
bullets. In this action our loss was heavy, including Lt. Colonel 
Waldo Merriam, commanding the regiment, who was killed. 
From May 10 to May 23 it was under fire each day, within one 
mile of the Spotsylvania battle field. May 24, at 9 a.m., it 
crossed the North Anna, being one of the first regiments to cross, 
under a terrific fire from the enemy's artillery, and took a position 
on a ridge of hills, from which the enemy fled at its approach. 
On the 28th it took a position thirteen miles from Richmond. 



OK 

Co. K. loth- Regt. M. V 

Watertown July 19th., 1864. 



JJ^ It is impossible at this time to fix tlic <tjiy «!' I'^ccptiort 
*jut notice will be given by. RAISING THlfi FLAG on the 
"morning of the rcccptioiu 

By vote of the town in si»eeial t«wii ineutnig hoUlcn June 24th. 
the Selectmen were instructed to m;ike nil necessary arrangcmentB 
for the proper reception of said Coin[»!iiiy, 

They have appointed Cait. Thojias G. Bank**, Chief Marshal, 
Geo. N. Maucu, John B. Goodhich, Aids. 

The following programme has been arranged for the occasion. 

The Company will arrive in town about 3 o'clock P. M, 
and will be received at the junction of Mt. Auburn & Common St, 
and proceed down Mt. Auburn to Main St., up Main to Church 
St., to the gi'ounds in front of the Unitarian Church, where an 
address of welcome will be made by Rev. L. T. Townsend. 

After the address the procession will reform and pass thitjugh 
Church to I'alfrcy, down Palfrey to Spring, down Si)ring to 
Summer, Summer to Mt. Auburn, Alt. Auburn to Irving, Irving 
to Arsenal St., Arsenal to Patten, Patten to Mt.Ailburn, Mt. Au- 
burn to Main, countermarch at the R. R. Bridge, down Myrtle, 
up Green, down Chesnut to M.ain, up Qalcn, countermarch m 
front of Nonantum House. Arriving at the Town Hall the pro- 
ce.ssion will be dismissed. The officers of the town and mviled 
guests ; Co. K. with past members, and the escort will have a 
collation, alter which the hail will be opened to tlie public. 

The exercises in the hall will consist of music by the baud 
speeches, &c. The Gallery will be opened for Ladies only hi 
4 o'clock. 

The procession will foiui at 2-30 P. M. on IJU.Audurn St., 
right resting on Commonest., in the following order. 

Aid. Chief Marghall. Aid. 

KEWTON BRASS BAND. 

Board of Enoineeks. 

ToBttENT Engine Co., — Chas. Hn-TON Forejmam 

ATLANTIC BAND, Boston. 

Relief FiKE Association, — T. F. WmTNEr, President. 

TOWN OFFICERS. 

INVITED GUESTS. 

Company K. Captain Capcllo^ 

fn carriages flanked by ex-mcmbers of the Co. under ihr rliicctudi 
of Lieut. Mcscrve. 

CITIZENS GENERALLY. 

Town officers and citizens who wish to join (he pmccssmtl t 
ivill meet at the Town Hall .at 2 o'clock P. M., and pnx-ced to 
the place of reccptign under the direction of Luther Bcnl. 

It is hoped that the citizen.'^ will respond to this call, and by 
their presence show that they appreciate the sciviccs of this Co. Fof 
the past three years. Per Onlcr, 

ThomJis G. Banks, 

CHIEF MARSHAL. 



The Civil War. 159 

During this march the men were short of rations, eating parched 
corn in lieu of bread. 

June I it marched at midnight and arrived at Cold Harbor late 
on the afternoon of June 2. From June 4 to 23, on the road to 
Petersburg, the regiment was skirmishing most of the time. June 
23 it took a position in rear of the works near the Strong House, 
and remained there until the night of July 11, when the regiment 
left the front, and proceeded to Massachusetts to be mustered out, 
having served the full term of three years. 

Five officers and one hundred and ninety-six men remained at 
the front, being formed into a battalion, attached to the Eleventh 
Massachusetts, and afterwards made a part of that organization, 
by the act of consolidation. The regiment arrived in Massachu- 
setts July 22, 1864, and was mustered out July 27, 1S64. 

Calvin R. Baker. Res. Weymouth ; age, 18; bootmaker; 
cr. Watertown; private Co. K; enl. Feb. 22, 1S64; M. I. Feb. 
23, 1864; transferred July 11, 1S64, to Eleventh Infantry. 

Perrin Benton. Res. Brighton (?) ; age, 20 ; machinist ; cr. 
Watertown; private, Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 2, 
1861, reenlisted and promoted to Corporal Feb. 15, 1S64; trans- 
ferred July ir, 1864, to Eleventh Infantry. 

Charles H. Bridges. Res. Watertown ; age, 28 ; express- 
man ; b. Watertown; wagoner Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. 
July 2, 1861 ; M. O.July 27, 1864, ex of ser. 

Gilbert Bright. Res. Watertown; age, 21; painter; b. 
Newton, Mass. ; private Co. K; enl. July 3, 1861 ; M. I.July 2, 
1861 ; died at Watertown March i, 1S64, while on furlough. 

Joseph Bright. Res. Watertown ; age, 18 ; papermaker ; b. 
Watertown ; private Co. K ; enl. July 2, i86i ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; 
discharged April 9, 1863, for disability, by order of Gen. Dix. 

George H. Brooman. Res. West Roxbury (.?); age, 19; 
carpenter; b. West Roxbury; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; 
M. 1. July 2, 1861 ; reenlisted Dec. 26, 1863; transferred rs 
Sergt. to Eleventh Batt. Inf. July 11, 1864; wounded July 3, 

1863. (See Eleventh Batt. Inf.) 

Charles E. Brown. Res. Watertown; age, 30; carpenter; 
b. Boston ; cr. Watertown ; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; 
M. I. July 2, 1861 ; reenlisted Feb. 16, 1864; transferred as Corpl. 
to Eleventh Batt. Inf.; wounded July 23, 1863; after the war 
taught school under the Freedman's Bureau. (See Eleventh Inf.) 

Daniel Burns. Res. Watertown; age, 20; carpenter; b. Ire- 
land ; cr. Watertown ; private Co. K ; enl. and M. I. Feb. 4, 1864 ; 
transferred July 11, 1864, to Eleventh Batt. Inf. ; wounded May 17, 

1864. (Probably died from the wounds received May 17, 1864). 
Charles F. Coburn. Res. Watertown ; age, 22 ; machinist ; 

b. Dracut; Sergt. Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; 
killed in action June 1862, at Fair Oaks, Va. 



i6o Water town's Military History. 

John H. Colligan. Res. Watertown ; age, 21; boxmaker ; 
b. Watertown; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 2, 
1861 ; discharged to reenlist in U.S.A. Oct. 25, 1862. (See U. 
S. A.) 

George F. Craigen. Res. Boston (?); age, 25; moulder; b. 
Halifax, N. S. ; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. 1. July 2, 
1861 ; died Nov. 30, 1862, Armory Hospital, Washington, D. C. 

Andrew Cummings, Jr. Res. Watertow^n ; age, 22 ; mason ; 
b. Watertow^n ; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M.I.July 2, 
1861 ; discharged Feb. 13, 1S63, for disability. 

John Doherty. Res. Watertow^n ; age, 27; carpenter; b. 
Ireland; private Co. K : enl. July 2, i86i ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; 
M. O.July 2, 1864, ex. of ser. 

Benjamin W. Dolloff. Res. Watertown; age, 21; florist; 
b. Meredith, N. H. ; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M.I. 
July 2, 1861 ; discharged from Carver Hospital, Washington, 
D. C, Sept. 17, 1864. 

John E. Dolloff. Res. Watertown ; age, 19 ; farmer ; b. 
Bristol, N. H. ; private Co. K ; enl. and M. I. July 2, 1861 ; dis- 
charged March 14, 1862, from Camp Hamilton, Va., for disability. 

William E. Eldridge. Res. Watertown ; age, 19 ; paper- 
maker ; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; 
M. O. to enlist in U.S.A. (See U.S.A.) 

Andrew^ L. Flohr. Res. Watertown ; age, 29 ; painter ; b. 
Halifax, N. S. ; private Co. K ; enl. July 2, 186 r ; M. I. July 2, 
1861 ; M. O. July 2, 1864, ex. of ser. (See V.R.C.) 

Cornelius J. Flynn. Res. Watertown ; age, 32 ; carpenter ; 
b. Ireland ; private Co. K ; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. 1. July 2, 1861 ; 
killed in action May 3, 1863, at Chancellorsville, Va. 

Samuel Franklin. Res. Newton (.?) ; age, 46; b. Needham; 
musician Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; M. O. 
July 27, 1864, ex. of ser. 

Joseph Freeman. Res. Watertown; age, 28; weaver; b« 
England ; private Co. K ; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; 
discharged for disability Feb. 10, 1863. 

Rev. Arthur B. Fuller. Res. Watertown ; age, 39 ; cler- 
gyman ; b. Cambridge, Mass. ; chaplain ; commissioned Aug. 5, 
1861 ; resigned Dec. 10, 1862; killed at Fredericksburg, Va. 
(See Roll of Honor, kept by W. H. Ingraham.) 

Charles Hancock. Res. Watertown ; age, 26; paper maker; 
b. England; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 2, 
1S61 ; transferred Jan. 22, 1864, to V.R.C. (See V.R.C.) 

James R. Harrison. Res. Watertown ; age, 23; carpenter; 
b. New York, N. Y. ; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. 
July 2, 1861 ; Corporal June 19, 1862 ; wounded Dec. 17, 1862 ; 
discharged for disability March 3, 1863 ; " was the second man 
who enrolled himself in the Co. May 5, i86i ; was clerk of the 



The Civil War. i6i 

company ; June 19, 1862, was promoted to Corporal for merito- 
rious conduct in battle." 

Frank W. Hilton. Res. Watertown ; age, 22 ; seaman ; b. 
Madison, Me.; Second Lieut. Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. 
July 12, 1861 ; First Lieut. Co. D, Sept. 28, 1861 ; discharged 
Jan. II, 1863; re-commissioned Jan. 26, 1864; Captain Feb. i, 
1864; discharged June 17, 1864. 

John G. Holbrook. Res. Watertown ; age, 23 ; expressman ; 
b. Princeton, Mass. ; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. L July 
2, 1861 ; discharged for disability, Oct. 20, 1862. 

David Kenney. Res. St. Johns, N. B; age, 21 ; tailor; cr. 
Watertown; private Co. H; enl. March 7, 1864; M. I. March 7, 
1864; died in rebel prison. Grave No. 5606. 

James Kerney. Res. Watertown; age, 32; shoemaker; b. 
Dartmouth, N. H. ; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. L July 
2, 1861 ; discharged for disability Nov. 15, 1861, Camp Hamil- 
ton, Va. 

Edwin A. King. Res. Watertown; age, 20; machinist; b. 
Roxbury, Mass. ; private; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. L July 2, 1861 ; 
discharged for disability Jan. 6, 1863. 

Philip H. King. Res. Watertown ; age, 23 ; blacksmith ; b. 
Germany; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. L July 2, 1861 ; 
transferred to Navy (unable to find a Naval record) ; Corporal 
from enrollment to Jan. i, 1863; Sergt. to March i, 1864. 

George Knott. Res. Watertown ; age, 24; weaver; b. Eng- 
land ; cr. Watertown; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. 
July 2, 1861 ; discharged to reenlist Dec. 26, 1863; reenlisted 
Dec. 27, 1863; transferred to Eleventh Inf. July 11, 1S64. (See 
Eleventh Inf.) 

JohnLemoyne. Res. Watertown ; age 22 ; clerk ; b. France ; 
private Co. K; enl. August 24, 1861 ; M. I. August 30, 1861 ; 
discharged for disability Sept. 20, 1862. 

James W. Leverton. Res. Watertown ; age, 29 ; weaver ; 
b. Qiiebec, Canada; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. 
July 2, 1861 ; discharged July 2, 1864, ex. of ser. 

Henry C. Lindlky. Res. Watertown ; age, 32 ; carpenter ; 
b. Providence, R. I. ; Captain Co. K, July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 2, 
1S61 ; resigned Dec. 28, 1862. 

Eben N. Lord. Res. Watertown; age, 41; melter; b. Ber- 
wick, Me. ; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; 
cr. Watertown ; discharged to reenlist ; reenlisted Dec. 27, 1863 ; 
transferred to Eleventh Inf. July 11, 1864. (See Eleventh Inf.) 

John Luker. Res. Watertown ; age, 23 ; laborer ; private 
Co. K; enl. August 15, 1861 ; discharged December 20, 1861, 
for disability, from Camp Hamilton, Va. 

Edward Lyman. Res. Watertown ; age, 20; blacksmith; b. 
Newton, Mass.; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 



1 62 Water town'' s Alilitary History. 

3, iS6i ; died of typhoid fever and wounds received May 3, 1863, 
June 7, 1S63, Falmouth, Va. 

William H. Lyman. Res. Watertown ; age. 33 ; carpenter ; 
private Co. K; enl. July 3, 1S61 ; M. I. July 3, iS6l ; M. O.July 
37, 1S64, ex. of ser. 

Joseph E. Mackin. Res. Watertown ; age, 31; b. New York, 
N. Y. ; carpenter; private Co. K; enl. July 3, 1861 ; M. I.July 
3, 1861 ; wounded July 3, 1S63; M. O. July 3, 1S64, ex. of ser. 

John H. Mansur. Res. Watertown; age, 37; shoemaker; 
b. Charlestown, Mass. ; private Co. K; enl. July 3, 1861 ; M. I. 
Julys, 1861 ; discharged at Washington, D. C, November 13(37), 
1863, for disability. 

Charles McDermott. Age, 40; laborer; cr. Watertown; 
private Co. K; enl. Feb. 3o, 1S64; M. I. Feb. 30, 1864; dis- 
charged May 3, 1S64, disability. 

Stephen E. Meserve. Res. Watertown; age, 37; carpen" 
ter ; b. Limerick, Me.; private Co. K ; enl. July 3, 1861 ; com" 
missioned First Lieut. Aug. i, 1861 ; resigned Aug. 10, 1863. 

Charles A. Miller, Res. Watertown ; age, 18 ; shoemaker ; 
b. Medtield, Mass. ; private Co. K ; enl. July 3, 1S61 ; M. L July 
3, 1861; discharged to enlist in U.S.A. Oct. 35, 1863. (See 
U.S.A.) 

Henry J. Miller. Res. Watertown; age, 24; shoemaker; 
b. Sherborn, Mass.; private Co. K; enl. Jul}- 3, 1861 ; M. L 
July 3, 1861 ; discharged Dec. 3, 1862, for disability. 

Charles A. Morse. Res. Watertown; age, 19; butcher; b. 
Qiiincy, Mass. ; private Co. K ; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 3, 
1861 ; died May 9, 1863, Camp Hamilton, Va., typhoid fever. 

Thomas C. NoRCROSS. Res. Watertown ; age, 29; carpenter; 
b. Newton, Mass.; Sergt. Co. K; enl. July 3, 1S61 ; died June 

1, 1863, Washington, D. C. 

Thomas O'Brien. Res. Watertown ; age, 33 ; private Co. K; 
enl. Dec. 18, 1S61 ; M. L Dec. 18, 1861 ; discharged Oct. 35, 
1862, to enlist in U.S.A. (See U.S.A.) 

Chester W. Risley. Res. Watertown; age, 19; carpenter; 
b. Providence, R. L; private Co K; enl. July 3, 1861 ; M. L 
July 3, 1861 ; M. O. July 37, 1864, ex. of ser. 

George W. Risley. Res. Watertown ; age, 25 ; carpenter ; 
b. Topsfield, R. L; private Co. K; enl. July 3, 1S61 ; M. I.July 

2, 1861 ; Corporal Aug. 13, 1863; discharged Dec, 9, 1863, dis- 
ability. (See First Frontier Cavalry.) 

George Robbins, Jr. Res. Watertown ; age, 38 ; butcher ; b. 
Watertown; private Co. K; enl. July 3, 1861 ; M. I. July 3, 
1861 ; Com. Sergeant June 4, 1S63; M.O. July 27, 1864, ex. of ser, 

Hugh (F.) Rogers, Res, Watertown; age, 3i ; dyer; b. 
Ireland ; private Co. I; enl. July I3, 1861 ; M. I. July i3, 1861 ; 
in Phil. Hosp. May 33, to Aug. 31, 1864. 



The Civil War. 163 

John P. Rogers. Res. Watertown ; age, 21; laborer; b, 
Ireland ; private Co. I ; enl. July 12, 1S61 ; M. I. July 12, 1861 ; 
died as William P., Sept. 11, 1862, Newark, N. J. 

Terrance Rogers. Res. Watertown ; age, 28 ; laborer ; b. 
Ireland; private Co. I; enl. July 12, 1S61 ; M. I.July 12, 1861 ; 
discharged June 10, 1864, disability. 

Joseph D. Rupp. Res. Watertown ; age, 37 ; trader ; b. Bos- 
ton, Mass.; Corporal Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 2, 
1861 ; M. O. July 27, 1S64, as private, ex, of ser. 

William H. Sanger. Res. Waltham (?); age, 20; b. Wa- 
tertown; private Co. K ; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; 
died Nov. 27, 1S62, Philadelphia, Pa. 

James E. Sharp. Res. Watertown ; age, 30 ; canvasser ; b. 
Boston; Sergeant-Major; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; 
Second Lieut. Nov. 26, 1861 ; transferred to Co. I ; killed by cars 
at Kingston, R. I., March 19, 1863. 

Gregg Smith. Res. Watertown ; age, 42 ; shoemaker ; b. 
Ireland; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; 
killed in action Aug. 29, 1862, second battle of Bull Run, Va. 

James H. Smith. Res. Watertown; age, 28; painter; b. St. 
Johns, N. B. ; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 2, 
1861 ; M. O. July 27, 1864, ex. of ser. 

Oliver H. Smith. Res. Watertown ; age, 43 ; carpenter; cr. 
Waltham ; private Co. I ; enl. July 2, 1S61 ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; 
reenlisted Dec. 26, 1863; transferred July 11, 1864, to Eleventh 
Battl. Inf. (See Eleventh Battl. Inf.) 

Samuel F. Stearns. Res. Watertown; age, 21 ; carpenter; 
b. Lynn, Mass. ; Sergeant Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 
2, 1S61 ; M. O. July I, 1864, ex. of ser. (See First Frontier 
Cavalry.) 

Daniel (Dennis) Sullivan. Res. Watertown; age, 34; la- 
borer; b. Ireland; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I.July 
2, 1861 ; discharged May 23, 1863, as " Dennis," for disability. 
(See Second Heavy Artillery.) 

Allison R. Sumner. Res. Watertown ; age, 23 ; painter ; 
b. Middlebury, Vt. ; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. 
July 2, 1861 ; Corporal; transferred to V.R.C. Aug. 13, 1863. 
(See V.R.C.) 

John M. Ward. Res. Watertown ; age, 18; papermaker; b. 
Watertown; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 2, 
1861 ; discharged Oct. 6, 1862, disability. 

James A. Webb. Res. Watertown; age, 26; shoemaker; b. 
Danville, Me. ; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 2, 
1861 ; deserted August 17, 1861, from Camp Cameron. 

William G. White. Res. Watertown; age, 31; carriage 
painter; b. Mansfield, Mass.; private Co. A; enl. July 2, 1861 ; 
M. I.July 2, 1861. (See Battery H, First Heavy Artil., U.S.A.) 



164 Watertow?i*s Military History. 

George A. Whittemore. Res. Watertown ; age, 24; ma- 
chinist; b. Attleboro, Mass.; private Co. K; enl. July 2, 1861 ; 
M. I. July 2, 1S61 ; M. O. July 27, 1864, ex. of ser. 

Alonzo K. Worth. Res. Watertown; age, 25; carpenter; 
b. Boston, Mass. ; cr. Watertown ; enl. July 2, 1861 ; M. I. July 
2, 1S61 ; Sergeant, Dec. 27, 1863; transferred July 11, 1864, to 
Eleventh Batt. Inf. (See Eleventh Batt. Inf.) 



Seventeenth Regiment Infantry. 

Thomas J. C. Amory, Colonel, September 2, 1861, Boston. 
John F. Fellows, Lt. " July 22, 1S61, Chelsea. 

John Frankle, Major, " " " Haverhill. 

Isaac F. Galloupe, Surgeon, " " " Lynn. 

William D. Haley, Chaplain, " " " Rochester. 

This regiment was mustered into service July 22, 1861, and 
left the State on August 23, 1S61. The engagements in which it 
took part were Kinston, Goldsboro, and Bachelder Creek. The 
main body of the regiment was mustered out August 3, 1864, and 
the balance, composed of re-enlisted men, and recruits whose terms 
of service had not expired, was consolidated into a battalion of 
three companies July 17, 1864. During the period between 
December 16, 1864, and March 4, 1865, there were transferred to 
it from the Second Mass. Heavy Artillery some four hundred and 
fifty men, the majority of whom were recruits. The regiment 
took part in the battle of Wise's Forks on March 8, 1865, which 
lasted three days with varied success, when finally the rebels were 
repulsed. 

It was mustered out July 11, 1865, and placed en route for 
Readville, Massachusetts, where it arrived on the 19th, and re- 
mained until the 26th, when it was paid oft' in full. 

George W. Ferrell. Res. Watertown ; private Co. G ; 
transferred from Second Heavy Artillery, Dec. 16, 1S64; M. O. 
July II, 1865, ex. of ser. (See Second Heavy Artillery.) 

James Kearney. Private Co. C ; transferred from Co. I, 45th 
Inf., to make good time lost by desertion ; M. O. August 3, 1864. 
(See 45th Inf.) 

Edwin G. Wells. Res. Danvers; age, 18; farmer; b. Wa- 
tertown; private Co. C ; enl. Oct. 21, 1861. M. O. August 3, 
1864. 

Eighteenth Regiment Infantry. 

James Barnes, Colonel, July 26, 1861, Springfield. 
Timothy Ingraham, Lt. Colonel, July 26, 1861, New Bedford. 
Joseph Hayes, Major, " " " Boston. 

David P. Smith, Surgeon, " 31, " Springfield. 

Orlando Brown, Asst. Surgeon, " " " Wrentham. 
Benjamin F. DeCosta, Chaplain, " " " Boston. 



The Civil War. 165 

The Eighteenth was mustered into service August 24, 1861 ; 
left the State August 28, 1861 ; and was mustered out September 
2, 1864. It took part in engagements as follows : — Battles on the 
Peninsula, Second Bull Run, Shepardstown, Fredericksburg, 
Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Rappahannock Station, Wilderness, 
Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg and Weldon Railroad. 
Those soldiers whose term of service had not expired at the date 
of muster out of the regiment, were transferred to the Thirty- 
Second Regiment. 

Smith W. Hall. Res. Watertown ; age, 24; (drafted) far- 
mer; cr. Watertown; private Co. H; enl. July 8, 1863; M. I. 
July 18, 1863; transferred October 31, 1864, to 33d Inf. (See 
32d Inf.) 



Nineteenth Regiment Infantry. 
Edward W. Hinks, Colonel, August 3, 1861, Lynn. 
Arthur F. Devreux, Lt. " u tt u Salem. 

Henry J. Howe, Major, " " " Haverhill. 

J. Franklin Dyer, Surgeon, " 22 " Rockport. 
Joseph C. Cromack, Chaplain, " 26 " Worcester. 
This regiment was mustered into service August 3, 1861 ; 
mustered out June 30, 1865. 

Engagements : Balls Bluff, Yorktown, West Point, Fair Oaks, 
Peach Orchard, Savage Station, White Oak Swamp, Malvern 
Hill, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellors- 
ville, Gettysburg, Bristow's Station, Mine Run, Wilderness, Spot- 
sylvania, Tolopotomy, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Deep Bottom, 
Reams Station, Boydton Road, Vaughn Road and Farmville. 
During the fighting at Vaughn Road, Lieut. Wm. H. Tibbitts of 
Co. E was killed while in consultation with Adjutant Aytoun, in 
regard to attempting to force a passage of the Run with his small 
company. 

Johnston Achason. Res. Watertown ; age, 33 ; gardener ; 
cr. Watertown ; private Co. F; enl, July 25, 1861; M.I.July 
26, 1861 ; reenlisted Dec. 21, 1S63; discharged for disability June 
15, 1865. 

Daniel Nikol. Res. Boston ; age, 24 ; laborer ; cr. Water- 
town ; private Co. F; enl. April 13, 1864; M. I. April 14, 1864; 
discharged August 4, 1S65, on Ind. M. O. Roll. 



Twentieth Regiment Infantry. 
William Raymond Lee, Colonel, July i, 1861, Roxbury. 
Francis W. Palfrey, Lt. " " " " Boston. 

Paul J. Revere, Major, " " " " 

Henry Bryant, Surgeon, t< u u tc 

The Twentieth was mustered in on August 28, 1861, left the 
State September 4, 1861, and was mustered out July 16, 1865. 



1 66 Water town^s Military History. 

It fought in many battles, as follows : Balls Bluff, Yorktown, 
West Point, Fair Oaks, Peach Orchard, Savage Station, Glen- 
dale, Malvern Hill, Chantilly, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chan- 
cellorsville, Gettysburg, Bristow's Station, Mine Run, Wilder- 
ness, Po River, Spotsylvania, Tolopotomy, Cold Harbor, Peters- 
burg, Strawberry Plain, Deep Bottom, Reams Station, Boydtown 
Road, Vaughn Road and Farmville. 

The regiment served in all four years and ten days. 

Lyman R. Blood. Res. Boston; age, 21; cr. Watertown ; 
laborer; private Co. F ; enl. March 28, 1864; M.I. March 28, 
1864; killed in action Oct. 18, i864, at Petersburg, Va. 

Alois BoHNER. Res. South Boston ; age, 28 ; shoemaker; cr. 
Watertown; private Co. B; M. I. March 8, 1864; M. O.July 
16, 1865, ex. of ser. 

John Brown. Age, 21 ; seaman ; cr. Watertown ; b. Bre- 
men, Germany; enl. April 13, 1864; private Co. B; M. I. 
April 13, 1864; absent, prisoner of war from Aug. 25, 1864. 

Robert Floyd. Res. Watertown ; age, 21 ; laborer; cr. Wa- 
tertown ; unassigned ; enl. March 10, 1864; M. I. March 10, 
1864; no record of discharge. 

James Lyon. Private Co. G ; transferred from Co. F, 15th 
Inf. ; prisoner of war. (See 15th Inf.) 

Frank Quigley. Res. Watertown ; age, 28 ; stone cutter ; 
private Co. F ; enl. Sept. 4, 1861 ; transferred to Second Cavalry 
Sept. 30, 1863, G. O. 32 — Sept, 4, 1863 ; transferred U. S. Inv. 
Corps, Oct. 26, 1863. 

John Stevens. Res. Topsfield ; age, 18 ; cr. Boston ; musi- 
cian Co. H ; enl. Aug. 23, 1861 ; M. I. Aug. 23, 1861 ; reenlisted 
Dec. 23, 1863; "was captured at Gaines Mills, Va., June 2, 
1864; confined at Richmond, Va., June 3, 1864, and sent to An- 
dersonville, Ga., June 8, 1864. He died while a prisoner of war 
at Florence, S. C, date or cause of death not known ; W. D., 
Oct. 8, 1864;" reenlistment ; residence, Watertown. 

Henry E. Wilkins. Res. Watertown; quartermaster's clerk, 
N. C. S. ; enl. July 8, 1861 ; M. I. July 30, 1861 ; Second Lieut. 
Co. B,July 8, 1S62 ; First Lieut. Jan. 6, 1863; discharged June 
15, 1863, for disability ; wounded Dec. 11, 1862. 

James Wray. Res. Toronto, Can. ; age, 26 ; baker ; cr. 
Watertown; private Co. E; enl. March 14, 1S64 ; M. I. March 
14, 1864; rejected April 26, 1864, as Joseph ; discharged for dis- 
ability May 12, 1864; letter W. D. Aug. 16, 1900. 



Twenty-third Regi^nent Infantry. 
John Kurtz, Colonel, October 23, 1861, Boston. 
Henry Merritt, Lt. Colonel, October 24, 1861, Salem. 
Andrew El well, Major, " " " Gloucester. 



The Civil War. 167 

George Derby, Surgeon, September 11, 1861, Salem. 

Silas C. Stone, Asst. " " 16, " Boston. 

Jonas Bowen, Chaplain, " 18, " Svvampscott. 

Mustered into service September 28, 1861 ; left the State No- 
vember II, 1861 ; mustered out as a regiment September 38, 
1864. The reetilisted men and recruits whose term of service 
had not expired, remained in the service under the same designa- 
tion, until June 25, 1865, when mustered out. Its engagements: 
Roanoke, Newbern, Rawles Mills, Kinston, Goldsboro, Wilcox 
Bridge, Winton, Smithfield, Heckman's Farm, Arrowfield Church, 
Drury's Bluff, Cold Harbor, and other battles before Richmond 
and Kinston Second. 

Patrick Crotty. Res. Watertown ; age, 40 ; laborer ; pri- 
vate Co. I; enl. Oct. 10, 1861 ; M. I. Oct. 10, 1861 ; discharged 
May 7, 1863, for disability ; wounded Dec. 16, 1862. 



Tiventy -fourth Regiment Infantry. 

Thomas G. Stephenson, Colonel, August 31, 1861, Boston. 
Francis A. Osbourne, Lt. " " " " 

Robert H. Stephenson, Major, September 2, " " 

Samuel A. Green, Surgeon, " " " " 

W. R. C. Mellen, Chaplain, October " " " 

It was mustered into service December 6, and left the State 
December 9, 1861. It fought at Roanoke Island, Kinston, White- 
hall, Goldsboro, Krauters Creek, Newbern, James Island, Morris 
Island, Fort Wagner, Green Valley, Drury's Bluff, Richmond, 
and Petersburg Railroad, Weir Bottom Church, Deep Bottom, 
Fussell's Mills, Siege of Petersburg, Four Mile Run Church, and 
Darby Town Road. It was mustered out at Richmond, Va., 
January 20, 1866 ; and left immediately for Boston, arriving Jan- 
uary 24. The regiment then was forwarded to Gallop's Island, 
Boston Harbor, for final payment and discharge. On the 27th, 
it came up from the Island, and marched to the State House, 
where the colors were received by His Excellency, Governor 
Bullock. 

James C. Litti.efield. Res. Watertown ; age, 18 ; team- 
ster ; private Co. B; enl. Oct. 15, 1861 ; M. I. Oct. 15, 1861 ; 
discharged at Newbern, N. C, June 9, 1863. for disability, caused 
by wounds received at Washington, N. C., in action Sept. 6, 
1862. 



Twenty-eighth Regiment Infantry. 

William Montieth, Colonel, November 25, 1861, New York 

City. 
Maclelland Moore, Lt. Colonel, November 25, 1861, Boston. 
George W. Cartwright, Major, October 8, " " 



1 68 Watertowri's Military History. 

Patrick A. O'Connell, Surgeon, Oct. 25, i86r, Worcester. 
George W. Snow, Asst. " September 30, 1861, Rutland. 
Nicholas O'Brien, Chaplain, January 7, 1S62, Brookline. 

This regiment, composed of men of Irish birth, was mustered 
into service, in the latter part of 1861 ; left the State January 11, 
1862. On December 13, 1864, the main body of the regiment, 
its term of service having expired, was mustered out. The re- 
enlisted men and recruits were then consolidated into a battalion 
of five companies, which was mustered out June 30, 1S65. 

Engagements: James Island, Second Bull Run, Chantilly, 
South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, 
Gettysburg, Bristow's Station, Mine Run, Wilderness, Po River, 
Spotsylvania, Tolopotomy, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Strawberry 
Plains, Deep Bottom, Ream's Station, Petersburg, and South 
Side Railroad. 

John Dowdall. Res. Watertown ; age, 18; shoemaker; cr. 
Danvers; private Co. E; enl. Nov. 2, 1861 ; M. I. Dec. 13, 1861 ; 
reenlisted Jan. i, 1864; M. O. June 30, 1865. 

Thomas O'Key. Res. Gloucester; age, 21; seaman; cr. 
Watertown; private Co. B; enl. April 12, 1864; M. I. April 12, 
1864; absent, wounded, from March 25, 1865, to muster out of 
regiment. 

Hugh Mathews. Res. Watertown ; age, 20 ; seaman ; cr. 
Watertown; b. South Co., Ireland; private, unassigned ; enl. 
April 2, 1S64; M. I. April 9, 1S64; transferred to Navy May 17, 
1864. 

Thomas Merrick. Res. Watertown; age, 27 ; seaman; cr. 
Watertown; b. Sligo, Ireland; private, unassigned; enl. April 
12, 1S64; M. I.April 12, 1864; transferred to Navy, May 14, 
1864. 

Charles Williams. Res. Boston; age, 34; seaman; cr. 
Watertown; b. Gottenberg, Germany ; private, unassigned ; enl. 
April II, 1864; M. I. April 11, 1864. 



Ttventy-nintJi Regiment Infantry. 
Ebenezer W. Pierce, Colonel, December 13, 1861, Freetown. 
Joseph H. Barnes, Lt. Colonel, " " " Boston. 

Charles Chipman, Major, " " " Sandwich. 

Orlando Brown, Surgeon, " 14, " Wrentham. 

George B. Cogswell, Asst. Surgeon, Dec. 14, " Easton. 

Henry E. Hempstead, Chaplain, March 10, 1862, Watertown. 

Seven companies of this regiment were among the first three 
years' men that left the State. They were sent to Fortress Mon- 
roe to fill up the ranks of the Third and Fourth Militia Regiments 
(three months' men). When the term of the above regiments had 
expired, and they had returned home, the seven companies re- 
mained, and were known as the First Battalion of Massachusetts 



The Civil War. 169 

Volunteers. Subsequently three new companies were organized, 
and attached to the battalion, and it was made the Twenty-ninth 
Regiment. It reenlisted as a regiment, and was mustered out 
July 29, 1865. It took part in the following battles : Hampton 
Roads, Gaines' Mills, Savage Station, White Oak Swamp, Mal- 
vern Hill, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Vicks- 
burg, Jackson, Blue Spring, Campbell Station, Siege of Knoxville, 
Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Weldon Railroad, and Fort Stedman. 

William H. Hagan. First Lieutenant. Transferred from 
35th Inf., June 9, 1865; M. O. July 29, 1865. (See 35th Inf.) 

Rev. Henry E. Hempstead. Res. Watertown ; Chaplain ; 
commissioned March 10, 1862; died Dec. 21, 1862. 

Louis MoNPLAisiR. Cr. Watertown ; age, 29 ; cook; private 
(substitute), Co. C; enl. Aug. 18, 1864; M. I. Aug. 18, 1864; 
prisoner of war March 25, 1865, to April, 1865; in hospital at 
muster out of regiment. 



Thirtieth Regimejit Infantry. 

Nathan A. M. Dudley, Colonel, February 8, 1862, Roxbury. 

Wm. Warren Bullock, Lt. Colonel, Mar. 6, 1862, Cambridge. 

Horace O. Whittemore, Major, February 20, " Boston. 

Samuel K. Towle, Surgeon, " 28, " Haverhill. 

James Waldock, Asst. Surgeon, July 29, 1862, Roxbury. 

John P. Cleveland, Chaplain, February 20, 1862, Lowell.' 
This regiment was mustered into service January 4, and left 
the State January 13, 1862. As a battalion it was later in the 
service, stationed at Sumter, South Carolina. Engagements: 
Vicksburg, Baton Rouge, Plains Store, Port Hudson, Donaldson- 
ville, Winchester, Cedar Creek and Fisher's Hill. 

Owen Dinan. Res. Watertown; age, 39; laborer; private 
Co. A; enl. Oct. 9, 1S61 ; M. I. Oct. 18, 1861 ; died July 28, 
1862, Baton Rouge, La. 



Thirty-second Regiment Infantry. 

Francis J. Parker, Colonel, August 6, 1862, Boston. 

George L. Prescott, Lt. Colonel, August 13, 1862, Concord. 

Luther Stephenson, Jr., Major, " " " Hingham. 

Z. Boylston Adams, Surgeon, May 26, 1862, Boston. 

William L. Faxon, Asst. Surgeon, June 2, 1862, Quincy. 
The basis of this regiment was the First Battalion of Massachu- 
setts Volunteers, composed of six companies of infantry, organ- 
ized in the winter of 1861-2, with special reference to garrison 
duty at Fort Warren, Boston Harbor, and for guarding the politi- 
cal and war prisoners placed there. It was organized as the 
Thirty-Second Regiment, May 25, 1862, when it received orders 
to take the field immediately, and joined the Army of the Poto- 
mac July 23, at Harrison's Landing, Va. It was mustered out 



170 IVatertown* s Military History. 

June 29, 1865. It served at Malvern Hill, Gainsville, Second 
Bull Run, Chantilly, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, 
Gettysburg, Rappahannock Station, Mine Run, Wilderness, 
Spotsylvania, North Anna, Tolopotomy, Bethesda Church, Peters- 
burg, Weldon Railroad, Vaughan Road, Dabney's Mills, Boyd- 
town Road, and White Oak Road. 

James Bentley. Res. Watertown ; age, 27 ; frame-work 
knitter; cr. Watertown; private Co. G; enl. June 18, 1862; 
M. I.June 18, 1862; reenlisted Jan. 5, 1S64 ; deserted March 22, 
1864; M. O. June 2, 1865, as awaiting trial for desertion. (See 
George Bale, Co. M, 4th Cav.) 

William Dowling. Res. Watertown ; age, 32 ; laborer ; 
private Co. G; enl. May 28, 1S62 : M. I. May 28, 1S62 ; trans- 
ferred Feb. 15, 1864, to V.R.C. (See V.R.C.) 

John F. Franklin. Res. Newton; age, 21; carpenter; b. 
Watertown; private Co. K; enl. Aug. 13, 1S62 ; M. I. Aug. 13, 
1862 ; reenlisted Jan 5, 1864; M. O. June 29, 1S65, ex. of ser. 

Smith W. Hall. Res. Watertown ; age, 24 ; cr. Watertown ; 
transferred from i8th Inf. Oct. 21, 1864; M. O. June 29, 1865, 
ex. of ser. 

Franklin (Frederick) Hankin. Substitute ; cr. Watertown ; 
age, 42 ; laborer; private Co. A ; enl. at Concord, Mass., Sept. 
5, 1864; M. I. Sept. 5, 1864; discharged June i, or July 18,1865, 
G. O. 94-W. D., as Frederick Hankin. 

Charles H. Kohlbrand. Res. Boston; age, 23 ; cr. Water- 
town ; private Co. H ; transferred from 9th Inf. June 10, 1864; 
absent, wounded, after June 10, 1864. 

James F. Stelfox. Res. Concord (.?); age, 21; cr. Water- 
town; painter; private, unassigned ; enl. Aug. 21, 1S63 ; M. I. 
Aug. 21, 1863. 

John Scherer. Res. New York; Corpl. Co. K; transferred 
from 9th Inf. Jan. 11, 1864; absent, wounded, from June 3, 1864. 
(See 9th Inf.) 



Thirty-third Regiment Infantry. . 

Albert C. Maggi, Colonel, June 26, 1862, New Bedford. 

Adin B. Underwood, Lt. Colonel, July 11, 1862, Newton. 

James L. Bates, Major, August 5, 1S62, Weymouth. 

Orin Warren, Surgeon^ June 9, 1862, W. Newbury. 

William S. Brown, Asst. Surgeon, June 27, 1862, Boston. 

Daniel Foster, Chaplain, August 13, " " 

It was mustered in on August 13, 1862 ; left the State the next 
day, and was mustered out July 11, 1865. Battles it took part in : 
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Beverly Ford, Gettysburg, 
Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, and the Battles of General 
Sherman's Army. 



The Civil War. 171 

John Crompton. Res. Watertown ; age, 32 ; laborer ; pri- 
vate Co. B ; enl. June 6, 1862 ; M. I. Aug. 5, 1862 ; M. O. June 
II, 1865, ex. af ser. 

John Donnelly. Res. Watertown; age, 21; blacksmith; 
private Co. B; enl. June 5, 1862; M. I. Aug. 5, 1862; captured 
March 20, 1865; paroled from Libby Prison March 30, 1865; 
M. O.June 11, 1865. 

Emile EvERS. Res. Boston (?) ; age, 21; publisher ; Corporal 
Co. C ; enl. Aug. 6, 1S62 ; M. I. Aug. 6, 1862 ; discharged Aug. 
7, 1863, for disability. 

Parker McCuEN. Res. Watertown ; age, 35; tailor; private 
Co. B; enl. June 17, 1862; M. I. Aug. 5, 1862; discharged Oct. 
27, 1864, disability. 

John McKinley. Res. Watertown ; age, 35 ; card grinder ; 
private Co. B ; enl. Juoe 10, 1862 ; M. I. Aug. 5, 1862 ; M. O. 
June II, 1865. 

Palemon C. Mills. Res. Watertown ; age, 28 ; First Ser- 
geant Co. B; enl. June 27, 1862; M. I. Aug. 5, 1862; Second 
Lieut. April 2, 1863 ; First Lieut. Aug. 9, 1863 ; resigned Oct. 9, 
1863. (See 5th Inf., 3 mos.) 

Henry Murray. Res. Waltham ; age, 21; machinist; b. 
Watertown; privateCo. K; enl. Jan. 24, 1865; M. I. Jan. 24, 
1865 ; transferred to 2d Inf. June ist, 1865. (See 2d Inf.) 

William M. West. Res. Watertown; age, 30; carpenter; 
Corporal Co. B; enl. June 28, 1862; M. I. Aug. 5, 1862; Ser- 
geant Oct. I, 1863 ; M. O.June 11, 1865, as Corporal. 



Thirty-Fifth Regiment Infantry. 

Edward A. Wilde, Colonel, August 11, 1862, Brookline. 

Sumner Carrouth, Lt. " " 25, " Chelsea. 

Sidney Willard, Major, " 27, " Boston. 

Francis M. Lincoln, Surgeon, July 28, " " 

George N. Munsell,Asst. Surgeon, " 31, " Harwich. 

Henry F. H. Miller, Chaplain, Aug. 19, " Norton. 
The Thirty -Fifth was mustered into service August 21, i862t 
and left the State August 22 ; mustered out June 9, 1865. I, 
fought at Antietam, South Mountain, Fredericksburg, Jackson, 
Campbell Station, Siege of Knoxville, Vicksburg, Spotsylvania, 
North Anna, Cold Harbor, Poplar Spring Church, Hatcher's 
Run, Fort Sedgwick, Fort Mahone, Petersburg, and Weldon Rail- 
road. 

Joseph Gottleib. Res. Watertown ; age, 25 ; watchmaker ; 
Sergeant Co. D; enl. June 10, 1862; M. I. June, 16, 1862; Sec- 
ond Lieut. Dec. 15, 1862; First Lieut. April 30, 1863 ; Capt. 
Sept. 6, 1864; transferred to 29th Inf. Sept. iS, 1864. (See 
V.R.C.) 



172 Watertown^s Military History. 

Thomas McNeil. Res. Watertown ; age, 20 ; tailor ; private 
Co. D; enl. June 11, 1S62 ; M. I.June 16, 1862; M. O. June 9, 
1865, as Sergeant, ex. of ser. 

Edward N. Pickering. Res. Watertown; age, 18; archi- 
tect; Sergeant Co. C; enl. July 8, 1862 ; M. I. July 16, 1862 ; 
discharged for promotion in 114th U.S. C.T.July 25, 1864. (See 
114th U.S. C.T.) 



Thirty-eighth Regiment Infantty. 

Timothy Ingraham, Colonel, August 18, 1862, New Bedford. 
David K. Wardwell,Lt. " " 19, " Boston. 

William L. Rodman, Major, " " " New Bedford. 
Samuel C Hartwell, Surgeon, " 16 " Southbridge. 
Edwin F. Ward, Asst. " " " " Enfield. 

Charles Skinner, Chaplain, January 7, 1863, Cambridge. 

The regiment was mustered into service August 24, 1863 ; left 
the State August 26 ; was mustered out June 30, 1865. Battles : 
Cane River, Mansura, Port Hudson, Opequam, Fisher's Hill, 
and Cedar Creek. 

Hugh Gray. Res. Watertown ; age, 39 ; laborer ; private 
Co. B; enl. Aug. 6, 1862; M. I. Aug. 7, 1862; transferred to 
V.R.C. April 22, 1864, G. O. 173 W. D. ; ordered to rejoin his 
regiment S. O. 10 W. D. ; M. O.June 30, 1865, ex. of ser. 

Daniel Hancock. Res. Watertown ; age, 21; papermaker ; 
private Co. F; enl. Aug. 11, 1862; M. I. Aug. 11, 1862 ; M. O. 
June 30, 1865, ex. of ser. 



Thirty-ninth Regiment Infantry. 

P. Stearns Davis, Colonel, August 29, 1862, Cambridge. 
Charles L. Pierson. Lt. " " 30, " Salem. 

Henry M. Tremlett, Major, " 28, " Boston. 

Calvin G. Page, Surgeon, " 22, " " 

James L. Chipman, Asst. Surgeon, Aug. 25," Milford. 
Edward Beacher French, Chaplain, Sept. 6, 1862, Chatham. 

Mustered into service September 4, 1S62 ; left the State 
September 6, 1862; mustered out June 2, 1865. The regiment 
took part in these engagements: Mine Run, Wilderness, Spot- 
sylvania, North Anna, Tolopotomy, Bethesda Church, Peters- 
burg, Weldon Railroad, Dabney's Mills, Gravelly Run, and Five 
Forks. 

WiLLARD Bright. Res. Watertown; age, 19; laborer; mu- 
sician Co. G; enl. July 24, 1862; M. I. Sept. 2, 1862; died 
March 29, 1865. 

James Broderick. Res. Watertown; age, 35; private Co. 
G; enl. July 23, 1862; deserted Aug. 1862. 



The Civil War. 173 

William H. Corson. Res. Watertown ; private Co. G ; enl. 
July 7, 1S62; M. I. Sept. 1862; M. O. 1865. 

Henry W. Ham. Res. Watertown ; age, 27; clerk; Sergeant 
Co. G. ; enl. July 15, 1862; M. I. Sept. 2, 1S62; discharged Jan. 
31, 1863, for disability. 

Samuel W. HuTCHiNs. Res. Watertown ; age, 21; plumber; 
Corporal Co. G; enl. July 14, 1862; M. I. Sept. 2, 1S62 ; cap- 
tured at Weldon Railroad, Va., Aug. 19, 1S64; released on James 
River, Va., Feb. 24, 1865 ; discharged by order of W. D. dated 
May 12, 1865, on June 3, 1865. 

Albert Hyland. Res. Watertown, age, 21 ; wagoner, Co. 
G; enl. July 24, 1862; M. I. Sept. 2, 1862; deserted Feb. 11, 
1863, as - William." 

Nathan S. Kemp. Res. Watertown; age, 40; shoemaker; 
cr. Watertown ; private Co. I ; enl. Aug. 2, 1864 ; M. I. Aug. 2, 
1864; died May 19, 1865, at Watertown, Mass. 

Patrick O'Harra. Res. Watertown; age, 25; private Co. 
G; enl, July 29, 1862; deserted Dec. 22, 1862, Orford cross 
roads, Md. 

Alonzo Pomeroy. Res. Watertown ; age, 26 ; farmer ; pri- 
vate Co, G; enl. July 14, 1862; M. I. Sept. 2, 1862; M. O.June 
2, 1865, ex. of ser, 

Charles A. Spaulding, Res, Watertown ; age, 21 ; farmer; 
musician Co. G ; enl. July 23, 1862 ; M. I. Sept. 2, 1862 ; M. O. 
June 13, 1865. 

MiLO B. Skeele. Res. Watertown; age, 24; teamster; pri- 
vate Co. G; enl. July 18, 1862; M, I, Sept. 2, 1S62 ; M. O. 
June 2, 1865, ex. of ser. 

Orson C. Thomas, Res. Watertown ; age, 28 ; private Co. 
G; enl. July 15, 1862; deserted Aug. — , 1862. 

Ezra J. Trull. Born in Watertown ; res. Boston (.?); trans- 
ferred from 13th as Captain; M. O. June 2, 1865, ex. of ser. 

John Whitney. Res. Watertown; age, 40; farmer; b. Rox- 
bury, Mass.; private Co. I; enl. Aug. 2, 1864; M. I. Aug. 2, 
1864; M. O.June 2, 1865, ex, of ser. 

William H. Woodbury. Res. Watertown ; age, 28 ; lawyer ; 
Sergeant Co. G; enl. July 7, 1862; M. I. Sept. 2, 1862; dis- 
charged January 9, 1893, disability. 



Fortieth Regiment Infantry. 
Burr Porter, Colonel, September 7, 1S62, New York. 
Joseph A. Dalton, Lt. Colonel, September 2, 1862. Salem. 
Joseph M. Day, Major, " '.'' ^'' Barnstable. 

Oliver E. Brewster, Surgeon, August 20, 1862, Pittsfield. 
Andrew Smith, Asst. '• Sept. 2, 1862, Williamstown. 

J, Henry Thayer, Chaplain, " 17, " Salem. 



I74 Wateriown's Military Histoty. 

This regiment was mustered into service September 5, and left 
the State September 8, 1S62 ; mustered out June 16, 1S65. It 
took part in engagements on the Blackwater, Bombardments of 
Forts Sumter and Wagner, Siege of Charleston, Olustee, Cedar 
Creek, Ten Mile Run, Jacksonville, Drury's Bluff, Cold Harbor, 
Fort Harrison, Fair Oaks, and the several battles before Peters- 
burg and Richmond. 

Andrew J. Bacon. Res. Chelsea ; age, 28 ; b. Watertown ; 
Corpl. Co. G ; M. I. Sept. 5, 1862; transferred Nov. 14, 1864, to 
29th Co. Hv. Art., as Lieut. 

George H. Godvs^in. Res. Watertown ; age, 26 ; bootmaker ; 
private Co. F; enl. July 21, 1862; M. I. Sept. 2, 1S62 ; M. O. 
June 16, 1865, ex. of ser. 

Washington Madden. Res. Watertown ; age, 46 ; boot- 
maker; private Co. F; eul. July 31, 1862; M. I. Sept. 3, 1862 ; 
transferred Dec. 18, 1863, to V.R.C. (See V. R. C.) 

Samuel G. Noyes. Res. Watertown; age, 21 ; grocer; pri- 
vate Co. A; enl. Aug. 14, 1862 ; M. I. Aug. 23, 1862 ; promoted 
Sergeant ; discharged at Boston Nov. 17, 1864, O. W. D. 



Forty-seco7id Regiment Infantry (100 days). 
Isaac S. Burrell, Colonel, Roxbury. 
Joseph Stedman, Lt. '' Medfield. 
Frederick G. Stiles, Major, Worcester. 
Charles A. Davis, Adjutant, Roxbury. 
Alonzo I. Hodsdon, Qiiartermaster, Roxbury. 
Albert B. Robinson, Surgeon, " 

This regiment was mustered in July 22, 1864; left the State 
July 23, 1864; and was mustered out November 11, 1864. Its 
tour of duty was in the defences of Washington. It was stationed 
at Alexandria, Va., doing guard and picket duty. 

Leander P. Cobb. Res. Watertown; age, 19; tinman; pri- 
vate Co. K; enl. July 9, 1S64; M. I. July 18, 1864; M. O. Nov. 
II, 1864, ex. of ser. 

John McGrail. Res. Watertown ; age, 18; bootmaker ; pri- 
vate Co. E ; enl. July 20, 1864 ; M. I.July 22, 1864 ; M. O. Nov. 
II, 1864, ex. of ser. 

William C. Mellsop. Res. Watertown; age, 18; boot- 
maker; private Co. E ; enl. July 20, 1864; M. I. July 22, 1864; 
M. O. Nov. II, 1864, ex. of ser. 

WooDBURN C. Scott. Res. Watertown; age, 19; farmer; 
private Co. E; enl. July 16, 1864; M. I. July 22, 1S64 ; M. O. 
Nov. II, 1864, ex. of ser. 

William Whall. Res. Watertown ; age, 21 ; private Co. A ; 
M. I. July 14, 1864; M. O. Nov. II, 1864, ex. of ser. (See ist 
Battl. Frontier Cavalry and Navy.) 



The Civil War. 1^5 

Forty-third Regiment Infantry (9 months). 
Charles S. Holbrook, Colonel, Boston. 
John C. Whiton, Lt. " " 

Everett Lane, Major, Abington. 
A. Carter Webber, Surgeon, Cambridge. 
Augustus Mason, Asst. " Brighton. 
James E. VVliitney, Adjutant, West Roxbury. 
Henry A. Turner, Qiiartermaster, Boston. 
Jacob M. Manning, Chaplain, " 

This was known as the " Tiger Regiment," and left the State 
October 24, 1862. It was mustered out July 30, 1863, after hav- 
ing fought at Kinston, Whitehall, and in other minor skirmishes. 
It was mainly engaged in picket and guard duty. 

Henry W. Christian. Res. Watertown ; age, 19; press- 
man; private Co. B; enl. Aug. 20, 1S62; M. I. Oct. 11, 1862; 
M. O. July 30, 1863, ex. of ser. 



Forty-fourth Regiment Infantry (9 months). 

Francis L. Lee, Colonel, Newton. 
Edward C. Cabot, Lt. Colonel, Brookline. 
Charles W. Dabney, Major, West Roxbury. 
Robert Ware, Surgeon, Boston. 
Theodore W. Fisher, Assistant Surgeon, Medway. 
Edmund H. Hall, Chaplain, Plymouth. 
Wallace Hinkley, Adjutant, Lowell. 
Francis Bush, Jr., Qiiartermaster, Boston. 

The Forty-fourth was mustered in Sept. 12, 1862 ; left the State 
October 22, 1S62 ; and was mustered out June 10, 1863. It took 
part at Kinston, White Hall Bridge, Goldsboro, and in the Siege 
of Washington, North Carolina. 

Frank S. Learned. Res. Watertown ; age, 21 ; clerk ; pri- 
vate Co. E ; M. I. Sept. 12, 1862 ; Corporal March i, 1863 ; M. 
O.June 18, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Thomas H. Patten. Res. Watertown ; age, 20 ; clerk ; pri- 
vate Co. E ; enl. Aug. 29, 1862; M. I. Sept. 19, 1862; M. O. 
June 18, 1863, ex. of ser. (See Co. I, 2d Hv. Art.) 

Henry T. Pierce. Res. Watertown ; age, 18 ; student ; pri- 
vate Co. E; enl. Aug. 29, 1862; M. I. Sept. 12, 1862; M. O. 
June 18, 1863, ex. of ser. 

James A. Robbins. Res. Watertown; age, 21 ; clerk; pri- 
vate Co. E; enl. Aug. 29, 1862; M. I. Sept. 12, 1862; M. O. 
June 18, 1863, ex. of ser. (See Co. E, 57th Inf.) 

James W. Sylvester. Res. Watertown ; age, 29 ; carpenter ; 
private Co. B ; enl; Aug. 29, 1862 ; M. I. Sept. 12, 1862, M. O. 
June 18, 1863, ex. of ser. 



176 Watertown's Military History. 

Daniel P. Tilton. Res. Watertown ; age, 30; carpenter; 
private Co. B; enl. Aug. 29, 1862 ; M. I. Sept. 12, 1862 ; M. O. 
June 18, 1863, ex. of ser. 

Henry S. Treadwell. Res. Watertown; age, 20; private 
Co. B; M.I. Sept. 12, 1862. 

Joseph G. Wilkins. Res. Watertown; age, 28; machinist; 
Sergeant Co. A; enl. Aug. 29, 1862; M. I. Sept. 12, 1862; M. 
O. June 18, 1863, ex. of ser. 



Forty-seventh Regiment Infantry (9 months). 
Lucius B. Marsh, Colonel, Boston. 
Albert Stickney, Lt. " Cambridge. 
Austin S. Cushman, Major, New Bedford. 
John Blackman, Surgeon, Somerville. 
Frederic W. Mercer, Asst. Surgeon, Boston. 
George A. Hepworth, Chaplain, " 

Eli C. Kinsley, Adjutant, Cambridge. 
George N. Nichols, Qiiartermaster, Roxbury. 
Mustered into service in November, 1862 ; left the State Novem- 
ber 26, 1862, for the Department of the Gulf, arriving at New Or- 
leans, December 21, 1862. It was mustered out September i, 
1863. The services of this regiment consisted of doing guard 
and picket duty in and around New Orleans. 

George O. Farwell. Res. Watertown ; age, 18; farmer; 
private Co. A; enl. Aug. 2, 1862; M. I. Stfpt. 19, 1862; M. O. 
Sept. I, 1863, ex. of ser. 

John W. Hartford. Res. Watertown ; age, 37 ; farmer ; 
private Co. A; enl. Sept. i, 1862; M. I. Sept. 19, 1862; absent, 
sick at muster out of Regiment. 

Daniel C. Hawes. Res. Watertown ; age, 22 ; private Co. 
C; enl. Oct. 8, 1862; M. I. Oct. 8, 1862; transferred to Co. A, 
May I, 1863; M. O. Sept. i, 1863, ex. of ser. 



Fiftieth Regiment Infantry (9 months). 

Carlos P. Messer, Colonel, Haverhill. 

John W. Locke, Lt. Colonel, South Reading. 

John Hodges, Jr., Major, Salem. 

William Cogswell, Surgeon, Bradford. 

Nathaniel W. French, Asst. Surgeon, Concord, N. H. 

Robert Hassell, Chaplain, Haverhill. 

Andrew O. Wentworth, Adjutant, Maiden. 

Henry D. Degan, Qiiartermaster, South Reading. 
The Fiftieth was mustered into service in November, 1862, and 
left the State November 19, for the Department of the Gulf. It 
took part in the assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14. 
Most of the time it was supporting batteries, until the Fort sur- 
rendered, July 9th. It was mustered out August 24, 1863. 



The Civil War. 177 

Charles F. Degan. Res. Waterlown ; age, 25 ; private Co. 
E; enl. Oct. 24, 1862; M. I. Oct. 24, 1S62; M. O. Aug. 24, 
1863, ex. of ser. 

Charles C. Miller. Res. Watertown; age, 21 ; private Co. 
E; enl. Aug. 25, 1862; M. I. Sept. i, 1862; M. O. Aug. 24, 
1863, ex. of ser. 



Fifty-third Regiment Infantry (9 mojiths). 

John W. Kimball, Colonel, Fitchburg. 

George H. Barrett, Lt. Colonel, Ashburnham. 

James A. Pratt, Major, Sterling. 

John Q. A. McCollister, Surgeon, Groton. 

Benjamin F. Whittemore, Chaplain, Berlin. 

Henry A. Willis, Adjutant, Fitchburg. 

Edward A. Brow^n, Qiiartermaster, Royalston. 
Mustered into service in November, 1S62; left the State No- 
vember 29, 1862, for the Department of the Gulf. It fought val- 
iantly in the siege of Port Hudson, w^hen seven officers and 
seventy-nine men were killed and wounded. The regiment was 
mustered out September 2, 1863, at Camp Stevens, near Groton 
Junction. 

George E. Priest. Res. Watertown ; age, 20 ; student ; pri- 
vate Co. C; enl. Oct. 24, 1862; M. I. Nov. 6, 1862; ist Lieut. 
Co. H, Nov. 15, 1862; transferred to F. & S. 57th Inf. Nov. 7, 
1863. (See 57th Inf.) 



Fifty fourth Regiment Infantry. 
Robert G. Shaw, Colonel, April 17, 1863, Boston. 
Norwood P. Hallowell, Lt. Colonel, April 17, 1863, Cam- 
bridge. 
Henry P. Bowditch, Major, July 27, 1863, W. Roxbury. 
Lincoln R. Stone, Surgeon, April 21, 1863, Salem. 
Charles E. Bridgeham, Asst. Surgeon, May i, 1863, Buck- 
field, Me. 
Samuel Harrison, Chaplain, September, 8, 1863, Pittsfield. 
This was the first colored regiment recruited in Massachusetts. 
It was mustered in May 13, 1863; left the State May 28, 1863 ; 
and was mustered out August 20, 1865. It served at Fort Wag- 
ner, and in the several engagements before Charleston, Olustee, 
James Island, Honey Hill, and Boykin's Mills. 

Charles W. Lenox. Res. Watertown ; age, 38 ; barber ; 
private Co. A ; enl. Feb. 28, 1863 ; M. I. March 30, 1863; M. O. 
Aug. 20, 1865, as Sergt., ex. of ser. 

John Nichols. Res. Watertown ; age, 26 ; seaman ; cr. Wa- 
tertown ; private, unassigned ; M. I. Nov. 30, 1S64; transferred 
to 55th Inf. ; substitute. 



178 Watertown''s Af Hilary History. 

Fifty-sixth Regiment Infantry. 
Charles E. Griswold, Colonel, July 14, 1863, Boston. 
Stephen M. Weld, Lt. " " 22, " West Roxbury. 

Horace P. Williams, Major, " 14, " Brookline. 
T. Fletcher Oaks, Surgeon, " 31, " Dartmouth. 

Horatio S. Soule, Asst. Surgeon, Nov. 30, 1863, Winthrop. 
Having been mustered into service February 25, 1864, this reg- 
iment left the State March 21, 1S64. It was mustered out July 
12, 1865. Engagements: Wilderness, Spotsylvania, North Anna, 
Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Weldon Railroad, Poplar Spring Church, 
Hatcher's Run, and Siege of Petersburg. 

John E. Farnsworth. Res. Watertown ; age, 23 ; cr. Wa- 
tertov^n; clerk; private Co. G; enl. Dec. 31, 1863; M. I.Jan. 
19, 1864; transferred as ist Sergeant to accept promotion in 
U.S.C.T., June 16, 1865. (See U-S.C.T.) 

James Kerwin (Kerson). Res. Watertown; age, 26; cr. 
Watertown; seaman ; Sergeant Co. K ; enl. Feb. 24, 1864 ; M. I. 
Feb. 25, 1S64; M. O. July 12, 1865, disability. 

Emerson F. Plimpton. Res. Wardsboro, Vt. ; age, 42 ; cr. 
Watertown; farmer; private Co. C ; enl. Feb. 24, 1864; M. I. 
March i, 1864; died of wounds June 15, 1864, in rebel hospital, 
near Spottsville, Va. 

Merrill F. Plimpton. Res. Wardsboro, Vt. ; age, 27 ; clerk ; 
cr. Watertown; private Co. C; enl. Feb. 20, 1864; M. I. March 
I, 1864; ist Sergeant June 8, 1865 ; 2d Lieut. July i, 1865; M. 
O. July 12, 1865, as ist Sergt. ex. of ser. 



Fifty-seventh Regiment Infantry. 
William F. Bartlett, Colonel, August 17, 1863, Boston. 
Edward P. Hollister, Lt. Colonel, Dec. 21, 1863, Pittsfield. 
Julius M. Tucker, Major, June 14, 1S64, Worcester. 
Whitman V. White, Surgeon, Dec. 5, 1863, Stockbridge. 
Charles E. Heath, Asst. " January 13, 1864, Monterey. 
Alfred H. Dashiell, Jr., Chaplain, Apr. 14, 1864, Stockbridge 
Mustered in and left the State April 18, 1864; mustered out 
July 30, 1865. It took part in the following named engagements : 
Wilderness, Spotsylvania, North Anna, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, 
Weldon Railroad, Poplar Spring Church, and Hatcher's Run. 

James H. Blanchard. Private Co. D ; transferred from 59th 

Inf. June i, 1865; M. O. July 30, 1865, ex. of ser. (See 59th Inf.) 

George E. Priest. Qiiartermaster ; transferred from 53d 

Inf. Nov. 7, 1863; M. O.July 30, 1S65, ex. of ser. (See 53d 

Inf.) 

James A. Robbins. Res. Watertown ; age, 22 ; clerk ; private 
Co. E; enl. Feb. i, 1864; M. I. Feb. 18, 1864; transferred to 
N.C.S. as Q. M. Sergeant ; M. O. July 30, 1865, ex. of ser. 



I 



The Civil War. 179 

Fifty-ninth Regiment Infantry. 
Joseph P. Gould, Colonel, April 25, 1864, Stoneham. 
John Hodges, Jr., Lt. " February 2, 1S64, Salem. 
Joseph Colburn, Major, October 23, 1863, Roxbury. 
William Ingalls, Surgeon, October 13, 1863, Winchester. 
Thomas Gilfillan, Asst. Surgeon, Dec. 12, 1863, Cummington. 
Hiram L. Howard, Chaplain, April 23, 1864, Boston. 
This regiment was mustered into service by companies, the 
first company December 5, 1863, and the last April 21, 1864. It 
left the State April 26, 1S64, and was mustered out July 30, 1865. 
Battles fought : The Wilderness, Spotsylvania, North Anna, Cold 
Harbor, Petersburg, Weldon Railroad, Poplar Spring Church, 
Hatcher's Run and Fort Stedman. July i, 1865, the regiment 
was consolidated with the Fifty-seventh. 

James H. Blanchard. Res. Watertown ; age, 27 ; saddler ; 
b. Lincoln, Mass. ; cr. Watertown ; private Co. D; enl.Jan. 15, 
1864; M. I. Feb. 9, 1864; transferred June i, 1865, to 57th Inf. 
(See 57th Inf.) 

Thomas F. Holmes. Res. Watertown; age, 19; painter; 
cr. to Charlestown ; private Co. B; enl. Dec. 30, 1863; M. I. 
Jan. 5, 1864; Corpl. ; transferred to Co. I, Mar. 15, 1865; Sergt. ; 
transferred to 57th Inf., June i, 1865. 

Charles F. Jackson. Res. Watertown ; age, 20 ; salesman ; 
private Co. A ; enl. Nov. 7, 1863 ; M. I. Dec. 5, 1863 ; discharged 
for disability Sept. 19, 1864. 



Sixtieth Regiment Infantry {100 days). 
Colonel Wass, Commander. 
The Sixtieth Regiment was "a one hundred days" militia or- 
ganization which performed its duties well. It was mustered int« 
service August 8, 1864, and mustered out November 30, 1864. 

Henry Murrey. Res. Waltham ; b. Watertown ; watchma- 
ker ; private Co. G; enl. July 19, 1864; discharged Nov., 1864. 



First Regiment Cavalry. 
Robert Williams, Colonel, October 7, 1861, Virginia. 
Horace Binney Sargent, Lt. Colonel, Oct. 12, 1861, West 

Roxbury. 
William F. White, Major, November i, 1861, Somerville. 
John H. Edson, " " 4, " Boston. 

Greeley S. Curtis, " October 31, " " 

James Holland, Surgeon, September 14, " Westfield. 
Oscar C DeWolf, Asst. Surgeon, Sept. 14, 1861, Chester. 
William C. Patterson, Chaplain, December 30, 1861, Dedham. 
This regiment was mustered into service November i, 1861. 
The first battalion left the State, December 25, 1S61 ; the second 



i8o Watertown^s Military History. 

December 27, 1861 ; and the third December 29, 1861. The 
third battalion was detached from the regiment August 4, 1S63, 
and subsequently became a part of the Fourth Regiment of Cav- 
alry. A new battalion was recruited to fill its place, and was 
sent forward in January, 1864. The regiment was musteied out 
June 26, 1865. It took part at Poolsville, South Mountain, Antie- 
tam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Brandy Station, Aldie, 
Upperville, Gettysburg, Williamsport, Culpepper, Auburn, 
Todd's Tavern, Fortifications of Richmond, Vaughn Road, St. 
Mary's Church, Cold Harbor, and Bellefield. 

John L. Bernard. Res. Watertown ; age, 38 ; private Co. 
D ; enl. Sept. 12, 1861 ; M. I. Sept. 19, 1861 ; deserted Dec. 19, 
1861. 

James Boyle. Res. Watertown; age, 35; cr. Lowell, Wd. 
3 ; private Co. H; enl. and M. I. Aug. 23, 1864; deserted June 
2, 1865. 

Moses H. Bright. Res. Newton ; age, 24; painter; cr. Wa- 
tertown ; private Co. L; enl. Dec. 15, 1863; M. I.Jan. 6, 1864; 
M. O. June 19, 1865, ex. of ser/ 

Thomas Dardis. Res. Watertown; age, 19; laborer; cr. 
Watertown; private Co. L; enl. Dec. 10, 1863; M. I. Jan. 6, 
1864; "No further record, W. D. L. Nov. 30, 1867." (History 
of the Regiment says discharged June 26, 1865.) (See Co. K, 
5th Inf., 9 mos.) 

Andrew Dewyre. Res. Watertown; age, 18; laborer; cr. 
Watertown; private Co. L; enl. Dec. 17, 1863; M. I. Jan. 6, 
1864; M. O. June 26, 1865, Corporal Co. G, ex. of ser. (See 
Co. K, 5th Inf., 9 mos.) 

James A. Ellis. Res. Watertown; age, 21; clerk; cr. 
Watertown; Q. M. Sergt. Co. M ; enl. Dec. 10, 1863 ; M. I.Jan. 
14, 1864; transferred to V. R. C. (See V. R. C.) 

Joshua B. F. Hobbs. Res. Watertown; age, 25 ; 2d Lieut., 
Co. I; commissioned Aug. 27, 1863; Capt. Nov. 19, 1S63; dis- 
charged Sept. 3, 1864, disability. 

Edward M. Lincoln. Res. Boston; age, 23 ; saddler Co. F ; 
cr. Watertown; enl. and M. I. Jan. 13, 1864; M. O. June 26, 
1865, ex. of ser. 

Jeremiah J. Lynch. Res. Watertown; age, 18; laborer; cr. 
Watertown; private Co. K; enl. Dec. 7, 1863; M. I. Dec. 29, 
1863 ; M. O. June 26, 1865, ex. of ser., Co. A. 

George W. Martin. Res. Salem ; age, 22 ; farmer ; cr. 
Watertown; Corporal Co. H; enl. Oct. 7, 1861 ; M. I. Oct. 9, 
1S61 ; reenlisted Dec. 28, 1863; 2d Lieut. Nov. 13, 1864; ist 
Lieut. May 26, 1865 ; resigned & discharged June 6, 1865, Co. G, 
as 2d Lieut. 

William H. McCabe. Res. Watertown; age, 20; tailor; 
cr. Salem; private Co. L; enl. Dec. 7, 1863 ; M. I. Jan. 6, 1864; 
killed at Deep Bottom, Va., Aug. 16, 1864. 



The Civil War. i8i 

Horace W. Otis. Res. Roxbury ; age, 22 ; clerk ; cr. Water- 
town; private Co. L; enl. Dec. 10, 1863; M. I. Jan. 6, 1864; 
Qi*. M. Sergt. March 5, 1864, Camp Stoneman, D. C. ; wounded 
in Sheridan's Raid at Ashland, Va. ; discharged for wounds July 
I, 1865. 

Isaac B. Patten. Res. Watertown ; age, 19; sailor; cr. 
Watertown ; private Co. M; enl. Jan. 5, 1S64; M. I. Jan. 14, 
1864; died in Rebel prison, Saulisbury, N. C, Dec. 4, 1864. 

Edward M. Phelps. Res. Watertown ; age, 18 ; machinist ; 
cr. Watertown; private Co. L; enl. Dec. 10, 1863; M. I. Jan. 
6, 1864; M. O. June 26, 1865, ex of ser. 

Augustus Severance. Res. Watertown ; age, 37; farmer; 
private Co. C; enl. Sept. 9, 1861 ; M. I. Sept. 17, i86i ; taken 
prisoner at Wolf Run Shoals, Va., Oct. 25, 1863 ; died of starva- 
tion Nov. 30, 1863, Richmond, Va. 

James Sullivan. Res. Watertown; age, 17; farmer; pri- 
vate Co. I; enl. Jan. 2, 1864; M. I.Jan. 14, 1864; M. O. June 
29, 1865, ex of ser. 

John G. Wilson. Res. Watertown; age, 25; engineer; cr. 
Watertown; Corporal Co. L; enl. Jan. i, 1864; M. I. Jan. 6, 
1864; deserted Jan. 21, 1864. Readville, Mass., in Co. G. 



Second Regiment Cavahy. 

Charles R. Lowell, Jr., Colonel, April 15, 1863, Boston. 

Henry S. Russell, Lt, " January 22, " " 

Caspar Crowninshield, Major, " 30, " " 

DeWitt C. Thompson, " March 19, " California. 

William H. Forbes, " May 12, " Milton. 

Oscar DeWolf, Surgeon, November 13, 1863, Chester. 

Harlow Gamwell, Asst. Surgeon, Jan. 10, 1863, Huntington. 

Charles A. Humphreys, Chaplain, July 4," Dorchester. 
The Second Regiment was mustered into service by companies, 
at dates varying from January to April, 1863. The first detach- 
ment left this State February 12, 1863. The main body followed 
May II, 1863; and was mustered out July 20, 1865. Its long 
list of engagements : South Anna Bridge, Ashley's Gap, Drains- 
ville, Aldie, Fort Stevens, Fort Reno, Rockville, Poolsville, 
Summit Point, Halltown, Opequam, Winchester, Livray, Wains- 
boro, Tom's Brook, Cedar Creek, South Anna, White Oak Road, 
Berryville, Berryville Pike, Charlestown, Dinwiddie Court House, 
Five Forks, Saylor's Creek and Appomattox Court House. 

James K. Bacon. Res. Waterville, Me.; age, 21 ; teamster; 
cr. Watertown; private Co. C; enl. and M. I. April 11, 1864; 
transferred Jan. 18, 1865, to V. R. C. (See V. R. C.) 

Thomas Dolan. Res. Watertown; age, 27; laborer; cr. 
Maiden ; private Co. I; enl. and M. I. Aug. 13, 1864; no record 
of M. O., W. D. letter, Oct. 31, 1867. 



1 82 Watertown' s Military History. 

James O'Halloran. Res. Watertown; age, 23; farmer; 
private Co. B. Enl. Dec. 9, 1862 ; M. I. Jan. 13, 1863; M. O. 
July 20, 1S65, ex. of ser. 

James Rye (correct name Edward Barnard Whitney). Res. 
Stow ; b. Watertown ; age, 18 ; farmer ; private Co. K ; enl. 
Jan. 9, 1863; M. I. Jan. 26, 1863; died March 4, 1864, Vienna, 
Va. 

Timothy Sullivan. Res. Watertown; age, 21 ; laborer; cr. 
Orange; private Co. D ; enl. and M. I. July 22, 1864; discharged 
June 24, 1865. 

Third Regiment Cavalry. 

Thomas E. Chickering, Colonel, September 15, 1862, Boston. 

Ansel D. Wass, Lt. " " 6, " " 

Lorenzo D. Sargent, Major, August 22, 1862, Lawrence. 

Albert H. Blanchard, Surgeon, September 4, 1862, Sherborn. 

John Blackmar, Asst. " " 4, " Somerville. 

The Third Regiment was recruited and originally went into 
the service as the Forty-first Regiment of Infantry. It was mus- 
tered in November i, and left the State November 15, 1862; on 
June 17, 1S63, the regiment was changed to a cavalry organiza- 
tion, and the First, Second and Third Unattached Companies of 
Cavalry, Massachusetts Volunteers, were consolidated with, and 
became a part of the organization. It was mustered out Septem- 
ber 28, 1865. I^ took part in the engagements at Irish Bend, 
Henderson Hill, Cane River, Port Hudson, Sabine Cross Road, 
Muddy Bayou, Piney Woods, Red River Campaign, Opequam, 
Fisher's Hill, Snag Point, Winchester, and Cedar Creek. 

John Connelley. Res. Boston ( .'') ; age, 25 ; laborer ; cr. 
Watertown ; private Co. M (formerly 3d unattached Co. Cav- 
alry) ; enl. and M. I. Nov. 30, 1861 ; reenlisted Feb. 19, 1864; 
discharged Sept. 28, 1865. 



Fourth Regiment Cavalry. 

Arnold A. Rand, Colonel, January 22, 1864, Boston. 

Francis Washburn, Lt. " February i " Lancaster. 

Atherton H. Stevens, Major, July 19, 1863, Cambridge. 

David B. Keith, " December 28, 1863, Boston, 

Louis Cabot, " January 25, 1864, Brookline. 

Frederick W. Mercer, Surgeon, September 3, 1863, Boston. 

Edward Russell, Asst. " February 3, 1864, Qiiincy. 

Albert Z. Gray, Chaplain, Sept. 19, 1864, New York City. 
This Regiment was composed of the independent battalion, 
formerly Third battalion. First Regiment of Cavalry, Massachu- 
setts Volunteers, and two new battalions recruited in Massachu- 
setts. 

At the time of organization of the i-egiment the First battalion. 
Major Stevens, was stationed in South Carolina. The Second 



The Civil War, 183 

battalion left the State March 20, 1864, and the Third April 23, 
1864; The regiment was mustered out, November, 14, 1865. It 
fought at Gainsville, Florida, Drury's Bkiff, and in several of the 
engagements in front of Petersburg and Richmond. 

John H. Carter. Res. Watertow^n ; age, 25; 2d Lieut. Co. 
E; commissioned Jan. 20, 1864; ist Lieut. Nov. 15,1864; Capt. 
July 8, 1865; M. O. Nov. 14, 1865. (See Co. K, 5th Inf. 9 
mos.) 

Peter Pyne. Res. Watertown ; age, 20 ; painter ; cr. Leomin- 
ster ; private Co, D; enl. and M. I. Jan. 3, 1S64; Corporal Aug. 
14, 1S65; M. O. Nov. 14, 186:;, ex. of ser. 

Henry Richards. Res. Portland, Me. ; age, 32 ; jailor ; cr. 
Watertown; private; enl. and M. I. Aug. 6, 1864; no further 
record. 



First Battalion Frontier Cavalry. 
Burr Porter, Major, January i, 1865, New York City. 
This organization, recruited for one year's service, was mus- 
tered in by companies as follows : 

Company A, December 30, 1864. 
" B, " " " 

" C, January 2, 1865. 
" D, " 2, " 
" E, " 2, " 
The Battalion was attached to the Twenty-sixth Regiment 
New York Volunteer Cavalry, and performed guard duty on the 
New York frontier. It was mustered out June 30, 1865. 

Charles H. Bartlett. Res. Watertown ; age, 19; clerk; 
cr. Watertown ; private Co. E; enl. Dec. 30, 1864; M. I. Jan. 
2, 1865 ; M. O.June 30, 1865, ex. of ser. 

James E. Brennen. Res. Watertown; age, 21 ; laborer; b. 
East Cambridge, Mass ; cr. Watertown ; private Co. E ; enl. Dec. 
30, 1864; M. I. Jan. 2, 1865; M. O. June 30, 1865, ex of ser. 

James S.Burns. Res. Watertown; age, 21; engineer; cr. 
Lincoln; private Co. E; enl. Dec. 31, 1864; M. I.Jan. 2, 1865; 
M. O. June 30, 1865, ex. of ser. (See Navy.) 

James Dunn. Res. Mansfield; age, 21 ; laborer ; b. St. Johns, 
N. B. ; cr. Watertown ; private Co. E; enl. and M. I. Jan. 2, 
1865; M. O. June 30, 1865, ex. of ser. 

G. Herman Eichorn. Res. Watertown ; age, 22 ; paper- 
maker ; b. Nosen, Germany; cr. Watertown; private Co. E; 
enl. Dec. 30, 1864; M. I. Jan. 2, 1865 ; M. O. June 30, 1865, ex. 
of ser. 

Irving L. Holmes. Res. Watertown; age, 21; clerk; b. 
Gardiner, Me. ; cr. Watertown ; Corporal ; enl. Dec. 29, 1864 ; 
M. I, Jan. 2, 1865; M. O. June 30, 1865, ex. of ser. 



184 Watertown^s Military History. 

Albert C. Lyman. Res. Watertown ; age, 21 ; papermaker; 
b. Watertown; cr. Watertown; private Co. E; enl. Dec. 30, 
1864; M. I.Jan. 2, 1S65; M. O. June 30, 1S65, ex. of ser. 

Michael E. Murphy. Res. Watertown ; age, 21; cartridge- 
maker; cr. Watertown; private Co. E; enl. Dec. 30, 1864; M. I. 
Jan. 2, 1865 ; M. O. June 30, 1S65, ex. of ser. 

Daniel S. Parker. Res. Newton; age, 24; clerk; b. Cam- 
bridgeport ; cr. Watertown; private Co. E; enl. Dec. 30, 1S64; 
M. I. Jan. 2, 1865 ; 2d Lieut. April 14, 1865 ; M. O. June 30, 
1S65, ex. of ser. 

John A. Pond. Res. Watertown ; age 21 ; tinsmith ; b. Wa- 
tertown ; cr. Watertown; private Co. E; enl. Dec. 30, 1864; 
M. I. Jan. 2, 1865 ; M. O. June 30, 1865, ex. of. ser. (See Co. 
K, 5th Inf., 100 days and 9 months.) 

George W. Risley. Res. Watertown ; age, 28 ; carpenter ; 
b. Topsfield ; cr. Watertown; private Co. E; enl. Dec. 30, 1S64; 
M. I. Jan 2. 1865 ; M. O. June 30, 1865, ex. of ser. (See Co. K, 
1 6th Inf.) 

Samuel F. Stearns. Res. Watertown ; age, 25 ; carpenter ; 
b. Lynn; private Co. E ; enl. Dec. 30, 1864; M. I. Jan. 2, 1865 ; 
ist Sergeant April 15, 1865 ; M. O. June 30, 1865, ex. of ser. 
(See Co. K, i6th Inf.) 

William W. Whall. Res. Watertown ; age, 22 ; clerk ; b. 
South Berwick, Me.; cr. Watertown ; private Co. E; enl. Dec. 
30, 1864; M. I. Jan. 2, 1S65 ; M. O.June 30, 1865, ex. of ser. 
(See Navy, and Company A, 42d Infantry, 100 days.) 



Second Battery LigJit Artillery. 
Ormand F. Nims, Captain, July 31, 1861, Boston. 
John W. Walcott, First Lieut., July 31, 1861, Roxbury. 
John Blgelow " " " " " Cambridge. 

George G. Trull, Second " " " " Boston. 
Richard B. Hall " " '^ " " " 

The Second Battery was mustered into the service July 31, 
1861 ; left the State August 8, 1861, and was mustered out Aug- 
ust II, 1865. 

It took part at Vicksburg, Baton Rouge, Sabine Cross Roads, 
Jackson, Clariborne, Ala., and Daniel's Plantation. 

Phineas F. King. Res. Watertown; age, '^26; b. Wareham, 
Mass.; machinist; private; enl. July 31, 1861 ; M. L July 31, 
1861 ; discharged in 1862, for disability. 

Converse F. Livermore. Res. Watertown ; age, 26 ; b. 
Watertown; yeoman; Corporal; M. I. July 31, 1861 ; M. 0. 
Aug. 16, 1864, ex. of ser. 

Charles F. Sherman. Res. Watertown ; age, 20 ; b. Water- 
town ; box maker; Corporal ; M. I. July 31, 1861 ; M. O. Aug. 
16, 1864, ex. of ser. 



The Civil War. 185 

Fourth Battery Light Artillery. 
Charles H. Manning, Captain, November 27, 1861, Salem. 
Frederick W. Reinhardt, First Lieut. " " " Boston. 
Joseph R. Salla, " " " " " " 

Henry Davidson, 2d Lieut., Nov. 27, 1861, South Danvers. 
George VV. Taylor " •' " " " " " 

Mustered into service November 18, 1861 ; left the State No- 
vember 20, 1861; mustered out November 10, 1865. 

The battery fought at Pontichula, Baton Rouge, Bonfonca, 
Bisland, Fort Hudson, Vermillion, and in the several engage- 
ments of the siege of Mobile. 

George N. Jenkins. Res. Boston (?) ; age, 26; clerk; cr. 
Watertown ; private; M. L June 22, 1863; 2d Lieut. Aug. 16, 
1863 ; M. O. Oct. 12, 1865, ex. of ser. 



Seventh Battery Light Artillery. 
Phineas A. Davis, Captain, April 20, 1861, Lowell. 
Israel N. Wilson, First Lieut., " " " Billerica. 
George E. Dana, " " " " '' Lowell. 
William E. Farrar, 2d " " " " " 

Edward S. Hunt, " " " " " " 

This battery was mustered in May 2i, and left the State May 
22, 1861 , as an independent company of infantry. It was changed 
to a light artillery organization March 17, 1862, and was mus- 
tered out November 10, 1865. 

It did good service at Deserted House, South Quay, Somerton, 
Providence Church Road, Holland's House, Mansura, and in the 
several engagements of the siege of Mobile. 

Harrison J. Craig. Res. Watertown ; age, 21; mechanic; 
private; enl. April 26, 1862; M. I. April 26, 1862; killed Jan. 
30, 1863, Suflblk, Va. 



Eleventh Battery Light Artillery (9 mo7iths). 
Edward J. Jones, Captain, Boston. 
Lucius Cummings, First Lieutenant, Boston. 
Isaac Peirce, " " " 

Edward P. Morrill, Second " " 

John P. Sawin, " " Roxbury. 

This battery was mustered into service August 25, 1862; left 
the State October 3, 1862, and was mustered out May 29, 1863. 

George W. Booth. Res. Watertown ; age, 35 ; salesman ; 
ist Sergeant ; M. I. Aug. 25, 1862 ; M. O. May 25, 1863, ex. 
of ser. (See nth Battery Lt. Art., 3 years.) 

Frank D. Chant. Res. Watertown ; age, 26 ; driver ; b. 
Watertown; private; M. I. Aug. 25, 1862; Corporal Jan. 23, 
1863; M. O. May 25, 1863, ex. of ser. 



1 86 Watertown's Military History. 

Eleventh Battery Light Artillery. 
Edward J. Jones, Captain, August 25, 1862, Boston. 
Edward P. Morrill, First Lieut., August 25, 1862, Boston. 
George W. Booth, " " Dec. 29, 1863, Cambridge. 
William Woodsum, 2d " " " " Boston. 

George W. Sanborn " " " " " Charlestown. 

The nucleus of this organization was the Eleventh Light Bat- 
tery, which served a term of nine months. It was mustered into 
service January 2, 1864 ; left the State, February 5, 1S64, and was 
mustered out June 16, 1865. 

Engagements: Wilderness, Spotsylvania, North Anna, Cold 
Harbor, Petersburg, Weldon Railroad, and Fort Stedman. 

Charles W. Berry. Res. Watertown ; age, 21; carpenter; 
b. Bristol, N. H. ; cr. Watertown; private; enl. Dec. 29, 1863; 
M. LJan. 2, 1864; M. O.June 16, 1895, ex. of ser. 

George W. Booth. Res. Watertown ; age, 35 ; salesman ; 
cr. Cambridge, N. Y. ; ist Lieut.; enl. Dec. i, 1863 ; M. L Jan. 
I, 1S64; M. O. June i6, 1865, ex. of ser. 

Charles H. Davis. Res. Watertown ; age, 34 ; wood-turner ; 
cr. Watertown; private; enl. Dec. 29, 1863; M. LJan. 2, 1864; 
M. O. June 16, 1865, ex. of ser. 

Charles H. Hussey. Res. Watertown; age, 22; carpenter; 
cr. Watertown; private; enl. Jan. i, 1864; M. LJan. 2, 1864; 
M. O. June 16, 1865, ex. of ser. 

William H. Ireland, Jr. Res. Watertown; age, 26: pain- 
ter; cr. Watertown; private; enl. Dec. 7, 1863; M. I. Jan. 2, 
1864; M. O.June 16, 1865, ex. of ser. 

William Jones, 2d. Res. Watertown; age, 19; farmer; cr. 
Watertown; private; enl. Jan, i, 1864; M. I. Jan. 2, 1864; 
M. O. June 16, 1865, ex. of ser. (See Co. K, 5th Inf., 9 mos.) 

Michael MoRiARTY. Res. Watertown ; age, 24; carpenter; 
cr. Watertown; private; enl. Dec. 7, 1863; M. I. Jan. 2, 1864; 
M. O.June 16, 1865, ex. of ser. 



Twelfth Battery LigJit Artillery. 
Jacob Miller, Captain, December 8, 1862, Brookline. 
Joseph R. Salla, First Lieut., November i, 1862, Boston. 
Edwin M. Chamberlain, First Lieut., Dec. 8, 1S62, Boston. 
Charles W. Weeber, Second Lieut., Nov, i, " " 

Edward E. Souther, " " Dec. 8, " Chelsea. 

Mustered in December 26, 1862 ; left the State January 3, 1863 ; 
mustered out July 25, 1S65. It took part in the engagement at 
Port Hudson. 

Joseph W. Dodge. Res. Watertown; age, 21; machinist; 
cr. Lowell, Wd. 5 ; private ; M. I. Nov. 7, 1864 ; M. O. July 25, 
1865, ex. of ser. 



The Civil War. 187 

Thirteenth Battery Light Artillery. 
Charles H.J. Hamlin, Captain, Dec. 14, 1S63, Charlestown. 
Timothy W. Terry, First Lieut., Nov. 3, 1862, New Bedford. 
Ellis L. Motte, " " " " " Boston. 

Roberta Nichols, Second " " " " " 

Charles B. Slack, " " *' " " Newton. 

Mustered in December 13, 1862; left the State January 20, 
1863 ; mustered out July 28, 1S65. 

The battery was at Port Hudson, Carrion Crow Bayou and 
Pleasant Hill. 

Michael McDonald. Res. Boston; age, 24; soldier; cr. 
Watertown ; b. Waterford, Eng. (?) ; private ; enl. at Watertown 
April 9, 1864; M. I. April 9, 1864; deserted en route to battery. 



Fifteetith Battery Light Artillery. 
Timothy Pearson, Captain, February 4, 1863, Lowell. 
James W. Kirk, First Lieut., January 16, " Boston. 
Albert Rowse, " " Feb. 19, " Lowell. 
Lorin L. Dame, Second " " " " " 

Harry D. Littlefield, " " Dec. 18, 1862, Boston. 
Mustered in February 17, 1863; left the State March 9, 1863; 
mustered out August 4, 1865. 

It took part in the sieges of Mobile and Blakely. 
Charles Hammond. Res. Watertown ; age, 18; enl. Feb. 3, 
1863 ; M. L Feb. 13, 1863; M. O. Aug. 4, 1S65, as bugler. 



Sixteenth Battery Light Artillery. 
Henry D. Scott, Captain, March n, 1864, New Bedford. 
Lewis V. Osgood, First Lieut., Mar, 15, 1864, Charlestown. 
Philip T. Woodfin, Jr., ist Lieut. " 24, " Marblehead. 
James McCullum, Second " " 2, " Boston. 

Alonzo B. Langley, " " " 26, " Brookline. 

This battery was mustered into service March 11, 1864; left 
the State April 19, 1864, and was mustered out June 27, 1865. 

It remained in and around defences of Washington during its 
term of service. 

Edward Flaherty. Res. Boston ( ?) ; age, 36 ; shoemaker ; 
cr. Watertown ; private; enl. March 7, 1864; M. I. March 11, 
1864; M. O. June 27, 1865, ex. of ser. 



First Battalion Heavy Artillery. 
Stephen Cabot, Major, May 15, 1863, Boston. 
This organization was originally composed of the First, Second, 
Fourth and Fifth unattached companies of Heavy Artillery ; but 



1 88 WatertowfC s Military History. 

in the summer of 1864 two companies of one year men were 
added. It was on duty in Boston Harbor for most of the time, 
but companies were detailed for duty at Champlain, New York, 
and the Fort at New Bedford. It was mustered out as follows : 
Company A, October 20, 1865; B, June 29, 1865; C, October 
20, 1865; D, September 12, 1S65 ; E, June 28, 1S65 ; F, June 
28, 1865. 

Andrew Livingston. Res. Watertown ; age, 27 ; machinist; 
private Co. C ; enl. April 20, 1863 ; M. I. April 20, 1863 ; M. O. 
Oct. 20, 1865, ex. of ser. 

Thomas Martin. Res. Watertown; age, 22; shoemaker; 
private Co. C; enl. & M. I. April 20, 1863; discharged as Cor- 
poral Aug. 9, 1865, for disability. 



First Regiment Heavy Artillery. 
William B. Green, Colonel, July 5, i86i, Haverhill. 
Samuel C. Oliver, Lt. " " " " Salem. 
Levi P. Wright, Major, " " " Lawrence. 

Andrew Washburn, " January 18, 1862, Newton. 

Frank A. Rolfe, " March 22, " Lawrence. 

David Dana, Surgeon, July 5, 1861, Reading. 
Samuel K. Towle, Asst. Surgeon, July 5, 1861, Haverhill. 
Stephen Barker, Chaplain, July 16, 1861, Andover. 

This was organized as the Fourteenth Regiment of Infantry ; 
was mustered into service July 5, and left the State July 7, 1861. 
The organization was changed to a Heavy Artillery Regiment, 
January i, 1862, by an order from the War Department, and was 
mustered out August 25, 1865 ; having served four years, one 
month, and twenty days. Engagements : Spotsylvania, North 
Anna, Tolopotomy, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Strawberry Plain, 
Deep Bottom, Poplar Spring Church, Boydton Road, Hatcher's 
Run, Duncan's Run, and Vaughn Road. 

Rasselas W. Ireland. Res. Watertown ; age, 20; laborer; 
cr. Boston, Wd. 7; private Co. L; enl. and M. I. March 12, 
1862; discharged June 10, 1865. 

Elijah Norcross. Res. Watertown ; age, 24 ; tinsmith ; b. 
Watertown; cr. Watertown; private Co. L; enl. and M. I. 
March 11, 1862; reenlisted March 14, 1864; M. O. Aug. 16, 
1865, as Corporal, Co. A, ex. of ser. 



Second Regiment Heavy Artillery. 
Jones Frankle, Colonel, May 13, 1863, Haverhill. 
A. B. R. Sprague, Lt. Colonel, February i, 1864, Worcester. 
Samuel C. Olliver, Major, June 29, 1863, Salem. 
Wm. A. Amory, " July 31, " West Roxbury. 

Henry T. Lawson, " August 25, 1863, Newton. 



The Civil War. 189 

Hall Curtis, Surgeon, June 18, 1863, Boston. 

Dixi C. Hoyt, Asst. Surgeon, August 24, 1863, Milford. 

Four companies of this regiment left the State September 4, 
1863 ? *^wo companies left November 6, 1863, and the balance 
(six companies) left January 8, 1864. The regiment was stationed 
in North Carolina and Virginia, during its full term, and was 
mustered out September 3, 1865. 

George W. Farrell. Res. Watertown ; age, 42 ; paper- 
maker ; b. Erie, N. Y.; cr. Watertown ; private Co. H ; enl. and 
M. I. Aug. 8, 1864; transferred Jan. 17, 1865, to 17th Inf. (See 
17th Inf.) 

James Kennedy. Res. Watertown ; age, 45 ; stone mason ; 
cr. Watertown ; private Co. L ; enl. Dec. 7, 1863 ; M. I. Dec. 22, 
1863 ; M. O. July 15, 1865, disability. (See Co. K, 5th Inf. 9 
mos.) 

George H. King. Res. Watertown ; age, 18 ; laborer ; cr. 
Watertown; private Co. L ; enl. Dec. 7, 1863; M.I. Dec. 22, 
1863; discharged July 12, 1865. 

Dana E. Lindley. Res. Watertown; age, 18; provision 
dealer; b. Watertown; cr. Watertown; private Co. L ; enl. Dec. 
10, 1863; M. I. Dec. 22, 1863 ; M. O. Sept. 3, 1865, ex. of ser. 

Philip McGuiRE. Res. Watertown ; age 32; farmer; cr. W. 
Stockbridge; private Co. M; enl. and M. I. Aug. 20, 1864; died 
at Kinston, N. C, March 8, 1865. 

Patrick McNamara. Res. Watertown ; age, 22 ; private 
Co. A; enl. July 13, 1863; M. I. July 28, 1863; deserted Sept. 
I, 1863. 

Thomas H. Patten. Res. Watertown ; age, 22 ; book-keeper ; 
cr. Watertown ; private Co. I; enl. Dec. 5, 1863 ; 2d Lieut. Jan. 
17, 1865 ; M. O. Sept. 3, 1865, ex. of ser. 

William H. Stevens. Res. Watertown; age, 18; laborer; 
private Co. L; enl. Dec. 15, 1863 ; M. I. Dec. 22, 1863 ; M. O. 
Sept. 3, 1865, ex. of ser. 

Dennis Sullivan. Res. Watertown ; age, 34 ; laborer ; pri- 
vate Co. D ; enl. Aug. 15, 1S63 ; M. I. Aug. 22, 1S63 ; discharged 
May 5, 1S65, disability. (See Co. K, i6th Inf.) 

Isaac Toohey. Res. W^atertown ; age, 28 ; blacksmith ; pri- 
vate Co. D; enl. and M. I. Aug. 22, 1863; M. O. Sept. 3, 1865, 
ex. of ser. 



TJiii'd Regiment Heavy Artillery. 
William S. Abert, Colonel, Nov. 16, 1864, Washington, D. C. 
John A. P. Allen, Lt. '^ " " '' New Bedford. 
George S. Worcester, Major, Sept. 8, " Boston. 
Lyman B.Whitten, "' " " " Hingham. 

James M. Richardson, " Nov. 16, " Brookline. 
William Nichols, Surgeon, Dec. 9, " Boston. 



190 Watertown's Military History. 

The regiment was organized in accordance with orders from 
the War Department. It was composed of the Third, Sixth, 
Seventh, Eighth, Ninth, Tenth, Eleventh, Twelfth, Thirteenth, 
Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Sixteenth unattached companies of 
Heavy Artillery. The first eight of these companies were origi- 
nally raised for, and for a time were on duty in the coast defences 
of this State. The regiment was sent forward to Washington 
early in the fall of 1864, and served in the defences of that city 
until the date of muster out, Sept. 8, 1865. 

David W. Eraser. Cr. Watertown ; joined regiment at Fort 
Stanton, D. C. ; private Co. K; enl. and M. I. Aug. 17, 1864; 
M. O. June 5, 1866. 

Daniel L. Wallace. Res. Watertown ; age, 18 ; shoemaker ; 
private Co. C; enl. June 8, 1863; M. I. Aug. 14, 1863; M. O. 
Sept. iS, 1865, ex. of ser. 



WATERTOWN'S QUOTA OF COLORED TROOPS. 



"The Colored Troops fought nobl3\" This was one of the 
popular sayings during the Civil War, resulting from the experi- 
ment, long delayed, of using the newly liberated slaves to battle 
against their late masters. It was looked upon as a dubious ex- 
periment, but in the end it proved that the colored men could 
fight creditably, led as they were by white officers of proved valor. 
In honor of Col. Robert G. Shaw of Massachusetts, and the first 
colored regiment, the 54lh Infantry, sent from this vState, in 
1863, an artistic and noble memorial of granite and bronze has 
been placed on Boston Common, opposite the majestic Colonial 
front of the State House. 

With that regiment two Watertown colored residents were 
connected, both credited to the town's quota. One was Charles 
W. Lenox, a well known and respected citizen, by occupation 
for many years a hairdresser. The other was John Nichols, who 
went as a substitute. Their records have been given in the regi- 
mental order. 

The following list comprises such colored men as were secured, 
in 1864, down in the Southern States, to fill Watertown's quotas. 
It also includes the white Captain, John E. Farnsworth, of the 
37th Regiment Colored Troops, who had served so well in the 
Fifty-sixth Regiment as to merit and win this promotion. He 
was a resident of Watertown, and had been credited to this town. 
Edward N. Pickering's name is also given, a white officer, a 
Watertown man. 

According to the report of its Recruiting Committee, Water- 
town, in 1864, deposited $3000 with the State authorities for the 
purpose of recruiting in the Southern States, which sum would 
entitle the town to 24 recruits. The names given below do not 
count one-half of that number, so the town must have filled its 
quota elsewhere. 

Benjamin Bell. Res. Washington Co., Va. ; age, 33 ; farmer 
cr. Watertown ; private 3d Col. Cav. ; enrolled at Vicksburg, 
Miss., Nov. 16, 1864; M. I. Nov. 18, 1864. 

Edmund O. Butler. Res. Natchitoches Co., La. ; age, 23 ; 
farmer ; cr. Watertown ; private 3d Col. Cav. ; enrolled at Vicks- 
burg, Miss., Nov. 17, 1S64; M. I. Nov. 18, 1864. 

John E. Farnsworth. Captain Co. B, 37th U. S. C. T. ; 
transferred from 56th Mass. Inf. June 16, 1865; M. O. Jan. 31, 
1867. 



jQ. Waiertown's Military History. 

Tames F. Russell. B. Watertown ; Sergeant Co. G, ist 
Michigan Inf.; enl. Marshall Mich., July 5, ^§61; MI. July 
13, 1861; commissioned ist Lt. Co. D, May 30, 1865; M. O. 
July 9, 1865, Jeffersonville, Indiana. 

George F. Stone. B. Watertown ; res. Milford, N. H ; age, 
34T cr. Milford, N. H.; Corporal Co. C i6th N. H. V. Inf. ; 
M. I. Oct. 18, 1S62; M. O. Aug. 20, 1863. 

William E. Wallace. Age, 36; b Watertown; cr. Am- 
herst, N. H. ; private Co. F, ist N. H. Hv. Art, ; M. I. Sept. 6, 
18645 M. O. June 15, 1865. 



VETERAN RESERVE CORPS. 



Soldiers who, through excellent service in the field, had by 
the fortunes of war become in part disabled, were transferred to 
the V.R.C. They were still able to guard the prisoners, protect 
the government stores, and garrison the forts which were distant 
from the seat of war. Watertown is specially interested in the list 
following : 

James K. Bacon, 239th Co. From Co. C, 2d Cav., Jan. 18, 
1865— April 18, 1865. 

William Dowling. From Co. G, 32d Inf., Feb. 15, 1864-^ 
May 28, 1865. 

James A. Ellis. From Co. M, ist Cav. — March 13, 1865. 

Andrew L. Flohr, 58th Co. From Co. K, i6th Inf. — July 
2, 1863. (Note — " He again enlisted Jan. 25, 1865, and was as- 
signed to Co. A., 3d V.R.C") 

Hugh Gray. From 38th Inf., Apr. 22, 1864 — returned to 
Reg't. Spe. O. No. 10. 

Charles Hancock. From Co. K, i6th Inf. 

Charles E. W. Lawson. From Co. B, ist Cav., June i, 
1864, to Co. K, 9th V.R.C. ; then to ist Independent Co. V.R.C. ; 
M. O. Nov. I, 1866. 

Washington Madden. From Co. F, 40th Inf., Dec. 18, 
1863. 

Robert Morton. From Co. B, 34th Inf., Feb. 22, 1864 — 
Nov. 18, 1865. 

Frank Quigley. From 2d Cav., U.S.A., Oct. 26, 1863. 

Alison R. Sumner. From Co, K, i6th Inf., Aug. 13, 1863-^ 
July I, 1864. 



SOLDIERS OF THE REGULAR ARMY. 



The names now presented are of such soldiers as, either before 
or after their Watertown enlistments, joined the Regular Army 
of the United States : 

William T. Booker. Private Co. C, 2d Hv. Art.; M.O. Dec. 
31, 1862. (Ord. Corps.) 

Edwin H. Brigiiam. Hospital steward. (From 13th Mass. 
Vol. Inf.) 

Joseph N. Burns. Private Co. C, 3d Cav. ; M. O. April 22, 
1864. (Ord. Corps.) 

John H. Colligan. (From i6th Mass. Vol. Inf.) 

Adolph Dagenfield. Heavy Artillery. (From Ord. Corps.) 

William E,Eldridge. istlnf. (From i6th Mass. Vol. Inf.) 

Thomas Gilgan. Private Co. C, 3d Cav. ; M. O. April 16, 
1863. (Ord. Corps.) 

Michael Hagerty. Private Co. C, 2d Cav. M. O. April 14, 
1863. (Ord. Corps.) 

Charles A. Miller. Private Co. H, ist Hv. Art., Oct. 27, 
1862— July I, i864. (16th M.V.I.) 

Thomas O'Brien. Private Co. H, ist Hv. Art., Oct. 27, 1S62 — 
Feb. 20, 1867. (i6th M. V. Inf.) 

Frank Quigley. Private 2d Cav. ; from Co. F, 20th Inf , Sept. 
30, 1S63. (V.R.C.) 

Lester Skinner. Private 2d Hv. Art.; M. O. Nov. 3, 1S62. 
(Ord. Corps.) 

William G. White. Private Co. H, ist Hv. Art. From Co. 
A, i6th Mass. Vol. Inf. 

Thomas Wilson. Private Co. C, 3d Cav. (Ord. Corps.) 



THE ORDNANCE CORPS. 



The United States Arsenal at Watertown was a veritable hive 
of industry during the Civil War. Men and women were em- 
ployed in large numbers to prepare the cartridges and other mu- 
nitions of war. Abundant life was in evidence, in spite of the 
dread nature of the task ; an occasional overflow of animal spirits, 
light jokes and merry laughter, as the employes approached or 
departed from their daily duties. Guarding the entrances and 
the grounds were soldiers of the Ordnance Corps. The following 
names of these military men, pertaining to Watertown, were ob- 
tained from the records of the Arsenal, access to which was freely 
and courteously granted : 

William T. Booker. Res. Watertown ; age, 35 ; b. Williams- 
burg, Va. ; priv. 2d class; enl. and M. I.Jan. 20, 1863. (See Co. 
C, 2d U. S. Art.) 

John Brennan. Private; enl. Sept. 2, 1861 ; honorably dis- 
charged Sept. I, 1864, as Corporal. 

Joseph M. Burns. Res. Watertown ; age, 27 ; carpenter ; b. 
Lancaster, Eng. ; priv. 2d Cl. ; enl. Sept, i, 1864; priv. ist CI. 
July 25, 1865; Coru. Nov. i, 1S65 : disch. Aug. 31, 1867. See 
Co. C, 3d U. S. Cav.) 

William Cantillan. Res. Watertown; age, 31 ; laborer; 
b. Ireland ; private 2d Cl. ; enl. Oct. S, 1862; private ist Cl., 
Sept. I, 1864; ^^o'^- <^is. Oct. 7, 1S65. 

James Connell. Age, 21 ; b. Ireland; enl. Nov. 5, 1862; M. 
O. Nov. 4, 1865. 

John Corkring. Res. Watertown; age, 27; b. Ireland; pri- 
vate 2d Cl. ; enl. Sept. 8, 1862 ; Hon. disch. Sept. 7, 1865. 

John Cummings. Age, 23 ; currier ; b. Ireland ; private 2d Cl. ; 
enl. March 31, 1864; M. O. Oct. 11, 1865, disability. 

Adolph Dagenfield. Res. Watertown ; age, 26 ; soldier ; 
b. Germany; armorer; enl. March 31, 1864; transferred April 
18, 1864, to U. S. Art. (See previous enl. Ord. Corp. and U. S. 
Art.) 

Patrick Delany. Res. Watertown ; age, 24 ; laborer ; b. 
Ireland; private 2d Cl. ; enl. April 11, 1864; deserted May 13, 
1864. 



198 Wat er town* s Military History, 

John Downey. Age, 27 ; clerk ; b. Ireland ; cr. Watertown ; 
private 2d CI.; enl. Aug. 5, 1864 ; deserted Sept. 16, 1864. 

James Dunn. Res. Watertown ; age, 24; b. Ireland ; private 
2d Cl. ; cr. Watertown; enl. Aug. 30, 1864; disch. Aug. 29, 
1867. 

John Dunn. Res. Watertown; age, 18; b. Watertown; cr. 
Watertown ; private 2d. Cl. ; disch. Aug. 30, 1867. 

James Eagan. Res. Watertown ; age, 20 ; b. Ireland ; pri- 
vate 2d Cl. ; disch. July 5, 1864, disability. 

Thomas Gilgen. Res. Watertown ; age, 26 ; b. Ireland ; pri- 
vate 2d Cl. ; enl. May 13, 1863; disch. May 12, 1868. (See Co. 
C, 3dU. S.Cav.) 

Michael Hagerty. Res. Watertown ; age, 24 ; b. Ireland ; 
private; enl. Sept. 12, 1863; dishonorably discharged Feb. 17, 
1865. (See Co. C, 2d U. S. Cav.) 

Edward Kenney. Res. Watertown ; age, 23 ; laborer ; b. 
Ireland; cr. Watertown; private 2d Cl. ; enl. Aug. 3, 1864; dis- 
charged to reenlist Aug. 3, 1867. 

John Laffy. B. Ireland; age, 21; laborer; private 2d Cl. ; 
enl. June 16, 1S63. 

Cornelius Lynch. Res. Watertown; age, 17; laborer; b. 
Ireland; cr. Watertown ; private 2d Cl. ; enl. Sept. i, 1864; 
disch. Aug. 31, 1867. 

Michael W. Lyons. Res. Watertown ; age, 18; marble cut- 
ter ; b. Watertown; private 2d Cl. ; enl. Feb. 23, 1865; disch, 
Feb. 22, 1868. 

William Manix. Res. Wateitown; age, 20; laborer; b. Ire- 
land; private 2d Cl. ; enl. April 11, 1864; disch. Feb. 12, 1868. 

Owen McCafferty. Res. Watertown ; age, 20 ; laborer ; 
b. Ireland ; private 2d Cl. ; enl. Dec. 3, 1862 ; reenlisted Dec. 5, 
1865. 

William McCafferty. Res. Watertown ; age, 22 ; laborer ; 
b. Ireland ; private 2d Cl. ; enl. March 23, 1865; disch. Mar. 22, 
1868. 

Felix McCarthy. Res. Watertown; age, 24; boat-maker; 
b. Ireland ; private 2d CI. ; enl. April 11, 1864. 

James McDermott. Res. Watertown; age, 29; soldier; b. 
Ireland; private 2d Cl. ; enl. Oct. 17, 1863; disch. Oct. 16, 
1868. 

John McNamara. Age, 27; stone-cutter; b. Ireland; pri- 
vate 2d Cl. ; enl. Aug. 13, 1864; disch. Aug. 12, 1867. 

Owen Monahan. Age, 29; laborer; b. Ireland; private 2d 
CL; enl. March 18, 1865; disch. March 17, 1868. 

Michael O'Halloran. Artificer; enl. March 5, 1857; Hon. 
disch. March 5, 1862. 



The Civil War. 199 

James QuiGLEY. Res. Watertown ; age, 20; b. Ireland ; enl. 
April II, 1864; deserted June i, 1864. 

Daniel Quinn. Age, 22; enl. Aug. 11, 1859, dlsch. Aug. 
10, 1864. 

John Quinn. Age, 23 ; res. Watertown; private 2d Cl. ; enl. 
Feb. 22, 1865; disch. Feb. 21, 1868. 

Thomas Quinn. Res. Watertown; age, 21 ; private 2d Cl. ; 
enl. Sept. 10, 1862. 

Lester Skinner. Age, 32 ; b. Chantaugue, N. Y. ; private 
2d Cl. ; enl. Dec. 3, 1861 ; disch. Dec. 2, 1865. 

John Timothy. Age, 23 ; private 2d Cl. ; enl. March 8, i860 ; 
disch. March 7, 1865. 

William Wall. Age, 32; laborer; b. Ireland; artificer; 
enl. April 25, 1858; disch. April 24, 1863. 

Joseph Waters. Res. Watertown ; age, 42 ; clerk ; b. New 
York, N. Y. ; Sergeant ; enl. Feb. 20, 1862 ; reenlisted Feb. 20, 
1865; transferred to Rock Island Arsenal, Sept. 25, 1865 ; disch. 
OctolDer 25, 1866. 

Thomas Wilson. Age, 30 ; clerk ; b. Ireland ; private 2d 
Cl. ; enl. Oct. 13, 1863; disch. Nov. 27, 1866. (See Co. C, 3d 
U. S. Cav.) ^ 

Joseph Young. Age, 21 ; b. Canada; cr. Watertown ; pri- 
vate 2d CL; enl. Aug. 9, 1864; disch. Aug. 8, 1867. 



WATERTOWN'S NAVAL RECORD. 



That Watertown was well represented in the Naval Service of 
the United States, during the War of the Rebellion, is shown by 
the following quite extended record. Some of the names have a 
foreign appearance, and examination shows that Germany, France, 
Ireland, England, and other countries were the sailors' places of 
nativity, although their war service was credited to Watertown. 
In the main the residents of this community chose the land rather 
than the water, as a more stable arena for their military opera- 
tions. 

ViNCENES Andalacia. Age, 21 ; b. Spain; cr. Watertown; 
ord. sea.; enl. New Bedford, July ii, 1864; substitute; served 
on "Circassian"; deserted June 10, 1865, R. S. "Ohio." 

James Baker. Age, 23 ; b. England ; cr. Watertown ; ord. 
sea.; enl. Boston, Jan. 13, 1861 ; serv. on "No. Carolina," 
" Guard," " J. S. Chambers"; disch. July 9, 1S62, on " Prince- 
ton." 

Conrad Beck. Age, 20; b. Norway; cr. Watertown; ord. 
sea. ; enl. New Bedford, June 8, 1861 ; served on " St. Law- 
rence " ; disch. June 14, 1S62, R. S. " Ohio," ex. ser. 

Charles BoLLEN. Res. England ; age, 22 ; b. England ; sea. ; 
enl. Boston, June 13, i86r ; served on " Vincennes " ; disch. R. S. 
at Philadelphia, Dec. 22, 1863. (Town records, by G. L, Noyes, 
clerk.) 

William Bond. Res. Watertown ; age, 23 ; b. Boston ; cr. 
Boston; Boatswain's Mate; enl. Boston, Jan. 6, 1862; served on 
"Kearsarge"; disch. Nov. 30, 1864. 

Geo. a. W. Booker. Age, 34; b. Augusta, Me. ; Coxswain ; 
enl. Boston, June 14, 1861. Served on "Vincennes"; disch. 
July 31, 1862, on "Vincennes," ex. ser. (Town record, by G. 
L. Noyes, clerk.) 

Henry W. Bowser. Barber; age, 21; b. Baltimore, Md. ; 
cr. Watertown ; Ids. ; enl. Boston, June 15, 1861 ; served on 
" Preble" ; disch. R. S. at New York, Oct. 8, 1862, ex. ser. 

Thomas Bradford. Age, 34 ; b. Scotland ; cr. Watertown ; 
sea. ; enl. Boston, June 13, 1S61 ; served on " Vincennes " ; disch. 
July 31, 1862, " Vincennes." 



The Civil War. 201 

George Brown. Age, 24 ; b. Boston ; cr. Watertown ; ord. 
sea. ; enl. Boston, June 13, 1S61 ; served on " No. Carolina 
and " Nightingale"; died May 12, 1862, on " Pensacola. 

George H. T. Buckner. Cooper ; age, 27 ; b. Warren, R. I. 
cr. Watertown, seaman; enl. New Bedford, June 11, ibbi ; 
served on " St. Lawrence," " Vincennes," " Relief"; disch. Nov. 
23, 1863. 

John Burke. .Teamster; age, 26; b. Ireland; cr. Water- 
town; 3d CI. fireman; enl. Boston, July 27. 1864; substitute; 
served on " Dunbarton," " Tristam Shandy," " Release," "Mac- 
edonian," and ''Marblehead " ; deserted from Navy Yard, Wash- 
ington, D. C, Jan. 31, 1866. 

James S. Burnes. Age, 18; b. Watertown; cr. Boston, 
Ward 4; coal-passer; enl. Boston, Aug. 7, 1862; served on 
"Wilkes Sqr"and Galena"; disch. June 17, 1863. (See ist 
Provincial Cavalry.) 

William H. Campbell. Res. Watertown; b. Nova Scotia; 
cr. Brookline; Act. Asst. Surgeon; appointed Nov. 10, 1862; 
resigned June 9, 1864; disch. from a second enlistment, April 
16, ''1866. 

John Collins. Laborer; age, 21 ; b. Watertown; cr. Wal- 
tham; private. Marine Corps; enl. Aug. 30, 1864; served on 
" Wachusett"; disch. Aug. 30, 1868. 

Bernard Cook. B. in R. L ; Act. 2d Asst. Eng. ; enl. Oct. 
16, 1S63 ; served on "Antonio," " Susquehanna" ; died Sept. 7, 
1865, in hospital. New York. 

Jeremiah Cooney. Mariner ; age, 29 ; b. Ireland ; cr. Water- 
town ; seaman ; enl. Sept. 22; 1864 ; substitute ; served on " Rhode 
Island " ; disch. April 8, 1865, hospital, Norfolk, Va. (This was 
a second enlistment.) 

Thomas F. Cusick. Blacksmith ; age, 21 ; b. Watertown ; cr. 
Boston; private, Marine Corps; enl. May 2, 1861 ; served on 
"Vermont" and " Clyde"; disch. May 4, 1865. 

Charles S. Cutler. Age, 21 ; b. Rockland, Me. ; cr. Wa- 
tertown ; ord. sea. ; enl. June 13, 1861 ; served on " North Caro- 
lina " ; disch. July 11, 1862. 

John Dunn. Age, 20; b. Hartford, Conn.; cr. Watertown; 
2d CI. fireman; enl. Feb. 11, 1864; served on " Massasoit," 
" Cherokee" and "Princeton"; disch. March 12, 1865. 

William Fitzgerald. Mariner; age, 34; b. Ireland; cr. 
Watertown; seaman; enl. Boston, July 25, 1864 ; substitute ; de- 
serted from "Potomac," June 9, 1865. 

William L. Flemming. Res. Watertown; machinist; age, 
29 ; b. Watertown ; cr. Blackstone ; coal passer ; enl. Boston, 
April 15, 1861 ; disch. from " Minnesota," Aug. 9, 1861. 

John Garvin. Age, 21; b. Ireland; cr. Watertown ; Ids. ; 
enl. New Bedford, Oct. 7, 1862; served on "Colorado; disch. 
from " Benton," Oct. 10, 1863. 



302 Watertown! s Military History. 

William Gavin. Carpenter ; age, 38 ; b. Ireland ; cr. Water- 
town ; Ids. ; enl. Boston, Oct. 18, 1S62 ; discharged from " Colo- 
rado,'' Feb. 19, 1864. 

Joseph Oilman. Age, 16 ; b. Salem, Mass. ; cr. Watertown; 
istCl. boy; enl. Boston, Sept. 20, 1861 ; served on " Mahaska " ; 
disch. from "Macedonian," March 10, 1S63. 

Simon F. Oilman. Age, 21 ; b. West Lebanon, N. H. ; enl. 
Oct. 6, 1862; cr. Watertown; deserted from " Sabine" April 
12, 1S63. 

Joseph Ooodhue. Age, 21 ; b. Machias, Me. ; cr. Watertown ; 
ord. sea. ; enl. Boston, Oct. 21, 1S62 ; served on "Colorado" 
and "Benton"; disch. Oct. 27, 1863. 

John Gorman. Age, 21 ; b. Charlestown, Mass. ; cr. Water- 
town; ord. sea.; enl. Boston, Sept. 18, 1862; deserted from 
"Western World," March 31, 1863. 

William H. Green. Laborer ; age, 37 ; b. Groton, Conn. ; 
cr. Watertown; Ids.; enl. New Bedford, Oct. i, 1862; disch. 
from " Colorado," Feb. 10, 1864. 

GustafGrelis. Age, 23 ; b. England ; cr. Watertown ; Ids.; 
enl. Boston, Sept. 30, 1862; served on "Onward"; disch. from 
" Ohio," Sept. 29, 1863. 

John Griffin. Age, 27 ; b. Ireland; cr. Watertown ; ist cl. 
fireman: enl. Boston, Oct. 6, 1862; disch. Feb. 10, 1864, from 
" Colorado." 

Hanibal Grooms. Cigar maker; age, 21 ; b. Troy, N. Y. ; 
cr. Watertown ; Ids.; enl. New Bedford, Oct. 11, 1862; served 
on "Colorado," "Vandalia"; deserted Apr. 18, 1864, from 
" Agawam," at Portsmouth. 

Theodore A. Groth. Age, 22 ; b. Hamburg, Ger. ; cr. 
Watertown; sea.; enl. Boston, Oct. 13, 1862 ; served on " Colo- 
rado," " Fearnot," and "Vincennes"; appointed April i, 1865, 
acting 3d Assistant Engineer, "J. P. Jackson"; hon. disch. 
Nov. 13, 1865. 

Michael Guildea. Age, 21 ; b. Ireland; cr. Watertown ; 2d 
cl. fireman; enl. Boston, Aug. 7, 1862; served on "Wilkes 
Sqr." ; disch. Aug. 6, 1863. 

William Hall. Age, 21 ; b. New York City ; cr. Water- 
town ; ord. sea.; enl. Boston, Sept. 18, 1862; served on "Sa- 
bine" and "Massachusetts"; disch. Sept. 14, 1863, 

William Hammond. Age, 19; b. Perry, Me. ; coal heaver; 
enl. Boston, Sept. 16, 1S62 ; deserted at San Francisco, Cal., 
Nov. 24, 1S63, from "Lancaster." (Town records, G. L. Noyes, 
clerk.) 

Thomas Harding. Age, 32 ; b. Baldwin, Me ; cr. Water- 
town; ord. sea. ; enl. Boston, Sept. 11, 1862; disch. from "Lan- 
caster," Sept. 18, 1863. 



The Civil War. 203 

John T. Hartford. Shoemaker ; age, 27 ; b. Rochester, 
N. H. ; cr. Watertown ; Ids.; enl. Portsmouth, N. H., Sept. 15, 
1862; deserted Dec. 9, 1862, froin "•Colorado." 

Charles E. Harvey. Age, 21 ; b. South Kingston, R. I. ; 
cr. Watertown; oi'd. sea.; enl. Boston, Sept. 9, 1862; served on 
"San Jacinto" and "Magnolia"; disch. Aug. 13, 1863, "North 
Carolina." 

James T. Hatch. Age, 22 ; b. Richmond, Me. ; cr. Water- 
town; Ids. ; enl. Boston, Sept. 16, 1862; served on "San Jacin- 
to" and "Magnolia"; disch. Aug. 18, 1863, "North Carolina." 

James V. Hayes. Machinist; age, 21; b. Canada; cr. Wa- 
tertown; ist cl. fireman; enl. Boston, Sept. 9, 1862; disch. 
Sept. 18, 1863, "Lancaster." 

George Herridge. Age, 22 ; b. England ; cr. Watertown ; 
seaman; enl. Boston, Sept. 18, 1862; served on "Onward"; 
disch. March 12, 1863, disability. 

Albert J. Hight. Age, 22 ; b. Hollis, Me. ; cr. Watertown; 
Ids.; enl. Boston, Sept. 17, 1862; served on " Cyane " and 
" Savannah " ; disch. June 8, 1864. 

Peter Hill. Age, 32 ; b. Ireland ; cr. Watertown ; Ids. ; enl. 
Boston, Sept. 17, 1862 ; served on " Cyane" and " Savannah " ; 
disch. June 8, 1864. 

John Holland. Farmer; age, 19; b. Watertown ; cr. West- 
ford, Mass.; Ids.; enl. Boston, June 8, 1864; served on "Ar- 
thur," "Potomac," "Brooklyn," and "Lackawanna"; disch. 
June 8, 1S65, " North Carolina." 

George F. Holt. Machinist; age, 24; b, Norway, Me.; 
cr. Watertown; Capt. of Hold; enl. Boston, Sept. 15, 1862; 
disch. Sept. 14, 1863, "Sabine." 

William H. Howard. Res. Watertown ; cr. Watertown ; 
appointed Acting Master's Mate, Dec. 28, 1861 ; Acting Ensign 
April 6, 1864; served on "J. P. Jackson," "Arizona"; hon. 
disch. Dec. 11, 1865. 

Michael A. Hughes. Res. Watertown; age, 21 (18); b. 
Watertown ; cr. Boston ; enl. Aug. 5, 1863 ; served on " Release" ; 
disch. Sept. 13, 1865, at Brooklyn, N. Y. 

William H. Huntington. Carpenter; age, 23 ; b. Pittston, 
Me.; cr. Watertown; Ids.; enl. Boston, Sept. 16, 1862; served 
on " San Jacinto " and " Magnolia " ; disch. Aug. 18, 1863, "No. 
Carolina." 

George Hutchinson. Age, 24 ; b. Ireland ; cr. Watertown ; 
seaman; enl. Boston, Sept. 12, 1862; disch. Sept. 23, 1863, 
" Onward." 

Samuel Jackson. Age, 25 ; b. Norway ; cr. Watertown ; 
seaman; enl. Boston, June 15, 1862; disch. June 23, 1862, 
"Marion." 



204 Wateriown's Military History. 

Abraham Johnson. Age, 35 ; b. Norway ; cr. "Watertown ; 
seaman; enl. Boston, June 14, 1861 ; served on " Vincennes " ; 
disch. Aug. 25, 1S62, " North Carolina." 

Charles Johnson. Age, 19; b. North Adams, Mass.; cr. 
Watertown; ord. sea.; enl. Boston, June 18, 1861 ; served on 
" Pampero " ; discharge not on record. 

Daniel Johnson. Age, 16 ; b. Pliiladelphia, Pa. ; cr. Water- 
town ; Ids. ; enl. Boston, June 13, 1861 ; served on "Preble" and 
"Potomac"; disch. Aug. i, 1864, "Ohio." 

Gradis Johnson. Age, 26 ; b. Eastport, Me. ; cr. Water- 
town ; seaman; enl. Boston, June 16, 1861 ; served on "Vin- 
cennes"; disch. Aug. 25, 1862, "North Carolina." 

William Johnson. Book-keeper; age, 48; b. Liverpool, 
Eng. ; cr. Watertown ; ord. sea. ; enl. Portsmouth, N. H., May 
10, 1861 ; served on " Ohio," " Massachusetts" and " Huntsvill " ; 
disch. April 30, 1862, " North Carolina." 

Woodbury Jones. Shoemaker ; age, 23 ; b. Rochester, N. H. ; 
cr. Watertown; Ids.; enl. Portsmouth, N. H., May 31, 1861 ; 
deserted Dec. 4, 1864, from " Rhode Island," at New York. 

Joseph Makin. Age, 16; b. Watertown ; cr. Andover; Ids.; 
enl. Boston, March 5, 1862; served on " South Carolina"; disch. 
from " Princeton," March 12, 1865. 

Samuel Makin. Age, 17; b. Watertown; cr. Andover; O. 
S. ; enl. Boston, Mar. 5, 1862; died on " South Carolina," Jan. 
10, 1865. 

William McCabe. Age, 21; b. Watertown; cr. Newton; 
ord. sea. ; enl. Boston, Aug. 9, 1862; served on "Wilkes Sqr.," 
"Morse," "Young Rover"; disch. from "Minnesota," Aug. 8, 
1863. 

William P. McCue. Age, 25 ; printer; b. Milford ; cr. Wa- 
tertown ; Ids.; enl. Boston, Feb. 15, 1862; served on " Mara- 
tanza"; disch. from " Savannah," Jan. 30, 1865. 

Alexander McDoughall. Age, 29; engineer; b. Canada ; 
cr. Watertown; 2d cl. fireman ; enl. Boston, Sept. 2, 1864; sub- 
stitute; served on "Connecticut," "Stars & Stripes"; disch. 
June 29, 1865. 

John McGinley. Age, 25 ; farmer ; b. Ireland ; cr. Water" 
town; Ids.; enl. Boston, Aug. S, 1S64; substitute; served on 
"New Hampshire"; died on " Patapsco," Jan. 15, 1865. (The 
" Patapsco " was blown up by a torpedo, Jan. 15, 1865.) 

Frank McGloin. Age, 22; b. New Brunswick; cr. Water- 
town; coal heaver; enl. Boston, July 28, 1S64 ; substitute ; served 
on "Glaucus," " Ino," " Saranac"; disch. July 27, 1867. 

Michael McMahan. Age, 28; fireman; b. Ireland; cr. 
Watertown; ist cl. fireman; enl. Boston, Dec. 16, 1S64; sub- 
stitute; served on "Wando"; disch. on "Vermont," Aug. 25, 
1865. (Previous service Navy, 1861-1864, cr. Windsor.) 



The Civil War. 205 

John O'Brien. Age, 21 ; blacksmith ; b. Watertown ; cr. 
Watertown ; enl. Boston, Feb, 3, 1S64; disch. from " Saco," 
Jan. 25, 1S65. 

Peter O'Brien. Age, 23; blacksmith; b. Watertown; cr. 
Boston, Ward 11 ; enl. Boston, Aug. 1S62 ; disch. by civil au- 
thority, Aug. 22, 1862. 

Levi M. Pierce. Age, 24; cook; b. Watertown; cr. Bos- 
ton ; enl. Boston, June 25, 1862 ; served on " Genesse." 

James Powers. Age, 22 ; b. Watertown ; cr. Lawrence ; enl. 
Boston, Aug. 18, 1862; served on "Pawnee," "Wabash"; 
disch. Sept. i, 1863, from "No. Carolina." 

John Quinlan. Age, 21; b. Watertown ; cr. Watertown ; enl. 
Boston, Dec. 29, 1863; served on " Dacotah " ; disch. Jan. 7, 
1865, from " Cambridge." 

Thomas Quinlan. Age, 19 ; b. Lubec, Me. ; cr. Watertown , 
enl. Boston, Aug. 7, 1862 ; served on " Wilkes Sq." ; disch, Jan. 
3, 1863. 

James Riddeford. Age, 24; b. England; cr. Watertown; 
enl. Boston, June 13, 1861 ; served on "North Carolina," " Cur- 
ritick " ; disch. June 23, 1863. 

William Roberts. Age, 46; b. Watertown ; ist Ass't Eng., 
April 24, 1S61 ; Ch. Eng. April 21, 1863; served on " Housa- 
tonic," "Pawnee," "Niagara"; resigned, Feb, 19, 1869, 

Charles Robinson. Age, 37; b. New Brunswick; cr. Wa- 
tertown; substitute; enl. Dec. 16, 1864; served on " Wando " ; 
disch. Aug. 25, 1865, "Vermont," 

Frederick Sherman. Age, 22 ; b. Watertown ; cr. Harwich ; 
Ids.; enl. Boston, Aug. 5, 1S62; served on "Morse," "Wilkes 
Sq." ; disch. Aug. 4, 1863, 

Antonia Silva. Age, 34 ; b. Portugal ; cr. Watertown ; 
substitute; ship's cook; enl. Boston, Sept. 14, 1864; served on 
"Osceola," "Bienville"; disch. Sept. 9, 1867. 

John Smith. Age, 22 ; b. New Brunswick ; cr. Watertown ; 
Ids.; substitute; enl. Boston, July 27, 1864; served on "Harvest 
Moon," " Columbia " ; disch, April 6, 1867. 

Otis A. Thompson. Cr. Watertown ; appointed Acting Mas- 
ter's Mate, May 3, 1S62; Acting Ensign, May 9, 1862; served 
on "Tioga," " Dunbarton," " Shawmut " ; disch. May 22, 1867. 

William Thompson. Age, 21; blacksmith; b. Watertown ; 
cr. Winchester ; coal heaver; enl. Boston, Feb. 3, 1864; served 
on " Saco " ; disch. Jan. 25, 1865. 

William Thompson. Age, 21 ; b. Ireland; cr. Watertown 
2d el. fireman; enl. Boston, Mar. 10, 1864; served on " Circas 
sian " ; disch. April 12, 1865. 



2o6 Watertown^s Military History. 

Charles S. Thurston. Age, 19 ; b. Boston ; cr. Watertown ; 
enl. seaman, Aug. 14, 1S63; appointed Acting Ensign, Dec. 6, 
1S64; served on " Anacosta," " Ohio," " Courier," " Kanawha," 
"Penobscot"; disch. Aug. 7, 1865. 

Walter H. Tilton. Cr. Watertown ; appointed Act. Mas- 
ter's Mate, Dec. 9, 1S62; served on '' Ohio," " Fredonia " ; disch. 
as Mate, May 3, 1866. 

F. Warren Towne. Cr. Watertown ; appointed Act. Ensign, 
Dec. 4, 1863; served on ''Lehigh," "Huron" ; disch. Dec. 30, 
1865. 

Alden W. Tripp. Cr. Watertown ; appointed Act. Master's 
Mate, Sept. 12, 1862; served on " Ottawa"; dismissed April 33. 
1864. 

Charles P. Turner. Cr. Watertown ; appointed Act. Mas- 
ter's Mate, Sept. 16, 1862; served on '' Stars and Stripes"; re- 
signed Alarch 14, 1864. 

Frank W. Turner. Cr. Watertown ; appointed Act. Mas- 
ter's Mate, Nov. 15, 1861 ; served on '"Ottawa"; resigned Oct. 
18, 1864. 

William Whall. Age, 21; res. Watertown; b. South Ber- 
wick, Me.; cr. Charlestown ; Ids.; enl. Boston, Aug. 5, 1862; 
disch. from " Morse," Aug. 4, 1863. (See ist Frontier Cavalry.) 

Charles H. White. Res. Watertown ; b. Sandwich, N. H. ; 
appointed Assistant Surgeon, Dec. 26, 1861 ; Past Asst. Surgeon, 
Oct. 30, 1865; Surgeon, Nov. 18, 1S69 ; Medical Inspector, July 
10, 1S88; Medical Director, June 8, 1895; served on ''Huron," 
" Roanoke." 

Silas C. Wilson. Age, 21 ; b. Wakefield, N. H. ; cr. Water- 
town ; enl. Boston, Aug. 12, 1862; disch. Aug. 4, 1863, from 
" Augusta." 



The Civil War, which had opened with the rebel attack on 
Fort Sumter, April 12, 1861, virtually closed April 9, 1865, when 
Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at 
Appomattox Court House, near Richmond, Virginia. During 
the four years of serious conflict, the Union forces in the field 
totalled 2,667,000, of whom 294,000 were drafted. The amount 
of bounties paid by the United States was $300,223,500; by State 
and local authorities, $286,000. The casualties in the army num- 
bered 280,739: 5,221 officers and 90,868 men were killed in ac- 
tion or died of wounds; and 2,321 officers and 182,329 men died 
from disease or accident. The public debt, in 1866, amounted to 
$2,773,000,000, nearly all created by the war. 

The Confederates' total force enrolled was 600,000 men, and 
the loss about 300,000. Confederate cruisers, mainly fitted out 
in English ports, did great damage to the commerce of the United 



The Civil War. 



207 



States; for which, England, some years later, paid a pretty 
bill. 

The Emancipation Proclamation, issued by President Lincoln, 
Jan. I, 1863, gave freedom to 4,000,000 slaves. 

On the night of April 14, 1865, exactly four years after the 
evacuation of Fort Sumter, by Major Robert Anderson and the 
Union forces, President Lincoln was assassinated in Ford's Thea- 
tre, Washington, — a frightful ending of a bloody fratricidal war. 



THE WAR WITH SPAIN. 



There had been troublous times in Cuba for several years, prior 
to 1S98, under Spanish rule, the conditions constantly growing 
more acute. Over the distui'bances of its near neighbor the 
United States kept a watchful eye, finally sending a battleship, 
the Maine, on a friendly visit to Havana harbor. 

One intensely dark night, at 10.30, Feb. 15, 1898, the Maine 
was destroyed by an explosion, and 2 officers and 254 men lost 
their lives. 

An investigation by a United States court of enquiry, indicated 
that Spain was guilty, by implication, for the blowing up of the 
Maine. The indignation of our people was beyond restraint. 
North and South were once more united. 

War against Spain was declared, the President being author- 
ized by Congress, April 20, 1898, to intervene in Cuban affairs. 
On April 25 a call was issued for 125,000 men, and on M ay 25 
for 75,000 additional volunteers. 

It was a short, sharp conflict, mainly notable for two remark- 
able naval victories. On May i Rear Admiral Dewey steamed 
into Manila Bay and destroyed the Spanish fleet under Admiral 
Montojo. On July 3 Spain's other fleet, under Admiral Cervera, 
was ruined as it was trying to eflect an escape from the harbor 
of San Juan, Cuba, by the United States battleships under direc- 
tion of Admirals Sampson and Schley. 

On July 26, Spain made overtures for peace, and Nov. 28, 1898, 
the filial terms of the United States were accepted by Spain at 
Paris. 

The United States lost 253 men killed in battle, while 3577 was 
the total of those killed, wounded, or who died in camp. The 
cost of the war to this country was $322,500,000. It gained the 
Philippines, valued at $450,000,000; and Porto Rico, the value 
of which was $150,000,000. 

Spain lost about 2500 men killed, and the wounded numbered 
3000. Its cost of the war was $150,000,000, and this, added to 
the value of Cuba, $300,000,000, the Philippines and Porto Rico, 
made the total loss to Spain, $1,075,000,000. 

Watertown's part in the war is shown by the following list of 
names : 

George R. Barnstead. ist Lieut. Co. H, 6th Inf. ; res. Stone- 
ham ; b. Watertown; M. I. May 13, 1898; M. O. Jan. 2, 1899. 

Philip Butler. Priv. Co. C, 5th Inf. ; res. Watertown ; b. 
No. Andover; M. I. July 2, 1898; M. O. March 31, 1899. 



The War with Spain. 209 

William Curran. Coal passer, U.S.N. ; res. Watertown ; 
b. County Down, Ire. ; M. I. March 25, 1S98 ; M. O. March 24, 
1901, U. S. S. Indiana. 

Joseph A. Delany. Priv. Co. C, 5th Inf. ; res. Newton ; b. 
Watertown ; M. I. July 2, 1898; M. O. March 31, 1S99. 

Fred M. Fitch. Priv. Co. B, 5th Inf. ; res. Watertown; b. 
Watertown; M. I. July i, 1S98; M. O. March 31, 1899. 

Edward C. Fitzwilliams. Priv. Battery L., ist Hv. Art. ; 
res. Boston; b. Watertown; M. I. May 9, 1898; M. O. Nov. 
14, 189S. 

Frank M. Fitzwilliams. Priv. Battery L, ist Hv. Art. ; 
res. Boston ; b. Watertown ; M. I. May 9, 1898 : M. O.Nov. 14, 
1898. 

John F. Gallagher. Priv. Co. C, 5th Inf. ; res. Water- 
town; b. Watertown; M. I. July 2, 1898; M. O. Mar. 31, 1899. 

Leonard Whitney Johnson. Hospital Steward, U. S. Vol. 
ist Div. I St Corps, ist Brig.; res. Cambridge; b. Watertown; 
M. I. 1898 ; M. O. Nov. 12, 1898 ; served in Porto Rico. 

James Lavelle. Priv. Co. C, 5th Inf. ; res. Watertown ; b. 
York, Eng. ; M. I. July 2, 1898 ; M. O. March 31, 1899. 

John S. Lovely. Priv. Co. C, 5th Inf. ; res. Watertown (?) ; 
b. Watertown (?) ; M. I. July 2, 1898; M. O. March 31, 1899. 

William H. Mills. Priv. Co. F, 8th Inf.; res. Haverhill; b. 
Watertown; M. 1. May 11, 1898 ; M. O. April 28, 1899 5 service 
in Cuba. 

Edward D. Roche. Priv. Co. C. 5th Inf. ; res. Newtonville ; 
b. Watertown; M. I. July 2, 1898; M. O. March 31, 1899. 

George L. Rockwell. Second cl. machinist; res. Water- 
town; b. Fitchburg; M. I. April 28, 1S9S; M. O. Sept. 8, 1S9S, 
from U. S. S. " Machias." 

Francis A. Rooney. Corpl. Co. B, 5th Inf. ; res. Cambridge ; 
b. Watertown; M. I.July i, 1898; M. O. March 31, 1899; ap- 
pointed Sergt. Nov. 26, 1898. 

Arthur B. Rundlett. Res. Watertown ; b. Watertown ; M. 
I. April 25, 1898. 

Willie M. Russell. Hospital Steward, U.S.N. ; res. Water- 
town; b. Worcester; M. I. May 9, 1898; M. O. Sept. 4, 1898, 
U. S. M. "Lehigh." 

RoscoK L. Sprague. Priv. 5th U. S. Cav. ; res. Watertown; 
b. Watertown; M. I. March 11, 189S; M. O. March 10, 1901 ; 
served in Porto Rico. 

William Roy Sprague. Marine, U.S.N. ; res. Watertown ; 
b. Watertown; M. I. 1898; served on " Yosemite." 

Nicholas J. Spring. First cl. musician; res. Watertown; b. 
Dublin, Ire.; M. L Feb. 14,1898; M. O. Feb. 13. 1899. (See 
Civil War record.) 



2IO Watertown's Military History. 

Herbert C. Stearns. Corpl. Co. C, 5th Inf. ; res. Newton ; 
b. Watertown ; M. I.July 2, 1898 ; M. O. March 31, 1S99. 

Frederick A. Thomas. Priv. Co. E, 2d Inf.; res. Water- 
town ; b. Watertown ; M. I, May 10, 1S98 ; M. O. Nov. 3, 
1898. 

Charles E. Tolman. Priv. Co. F, 5th Inf. ; res. Watertown ; 
b. Effingham, N. H. ; M. I.July 2, 189S; M. O. March 31, 1899. 

Richard J. Wenmouth. Priv. Co. A, 9th Inf. ; res. Water- 
town ; b. Waterford, Ire. ; M. I. May 11, 1898; M. O. Nov. 20, 
1898. 

Charles H. White. Medical Director, U.S.N. (See Civil 
War rec. Navy.) 



THE VETERANS OF POST Si. 



The origin and development of Isaac B. Patten Post Si are 
matters of exceeding interest in VVatertown's military liistory. 
Tiiis organization has gathered, united, cheered and strengthened 
the soldier boys of 1861-1S65, many of whom served on the 
town's quota ; while the others, credited to various communities 
of this and other States, have since the war taken up their resi- 
dence here. All have joined hands in keeping fresh and bright 
the memory of their fallen comrades, upon whose graves, with 
each annually recurring Memorial Day, they have set G.A.R. 
markers and miniature flags, and placed bouquets of flowers ; a 
beautiful custom, which should be continued through the coming 
years. This labor of love will be the heritage of the Sons of Vet- 
erans, a service to be more deeply hallowed by time and the loss 
of those who in life are now held dear. 

To the Woman's Relief Corps honor and credit are due for such 
assistance in this memorial work as only women can render, 
while they have also been active in the social life of the Post. 

Six years and more had elapsed, since the war closed, when, 
in obedience to an order from Department headquarter-'s, signed 
by Adjutant General Henry B. Pierce, a small body of veterans 
met in the rooms of the Young People's Literary Society in the 
rear part, second floor of Noyes' block on Main Street, on the 
evening of Thursday, Dec. 28, 1871- 

This meeting was the official response to an application for a 
charter made on Dec. 11. 

Department Inspector Charles O. Welch was present, who con- 
ducted the necessary ceremonies whereby Grand Army Post 81 
was duly organized and constituted, with the following charter 
members : 

Charles H. Priest, Charles Brigham, 

Ward M. Otis, George E. Priest, 

Charles T. Perkins, Horace W. Otis, 

John E. Bradlee, Albert H. Hartwell, 

and James R. Harrison. 

There were also transferred to this Post, N. O. Walker, from 
Post 63, of Newton, and Christian Siebold, from Post 13, of 
Wakefield. 

Albert Peeler, Frank W. Lane, Charles W. Berry and Charles 
Q. Pierce were added to the list of those who received the obliga- 
tion, in due form, on this first night. 



212 Watertown^s Military History. 

With the unanimity of a vote by acclamation, officers were 
elected as follows : 

Commander, Charles T. Perkins. 

Senior Vice Commander, George E. Priest. 
Junior "• " Charles H. Priest. 

Qiiartermaster, Horace W. Otis. 

Officer of the Day, Albert H. Hartwell. 

" " " Guard, James R. Harrison. 

Appointed officers : 
Adjutant, John E. Bradlee. 

Qiiar. Mas. Sergt., Ward M. Otis. 

Sergt. Major, Frank W. Lane. 

Then came the selection of a suitable name. There were two 
deemed especially worthy of consideration. One was that of 
Rev. Arthur B. Fuller, who, at the opening of the war, had re- 
signed his peaceful charge, as minister of the First Unitarian 
Parish of Watertown, to serve as chaplain in the Sixteenth Regi- 
ment Massachusetts Infantry. Commissioned Aug. 5, 1861, he 
resigned Dec. 10, 1S62 ; but it was only to leave his sacred service, 
of comforting the wounded and the dying, that hemight take up 
a musket, and join his comrades in the frightful charge at Frede- 
ricksburg, where he gave up his life, that he would have been 
well justified in saving, and added his name to the immortal Roll 
of Honor. His home had been in Cambridge. 

The second name was that of Isaac B. Patten, a Watertown 
boy, son of Thomas Patten, a respected and worthy citizen, long 
a resident of this town. Enlisting, at the age of 19, Jan. 5? 1864, 
in the First Regiment of Massachusetts Cavalry, and mustered 
into service nine days later, it was his fate, within a few months, 
to be taken prisoner on the field of buttle. He died in the Rebel 
prison at Salisbury, N. C, Dec. 4, 1864. The death of this 
youth touched deeply the hearts of Watertown people and his 
comrades in arms. Thus it came about that they called this the 
Isaac B. Patten Post 81, as determined by ballot. 

Feb. 10, 1S72, the Post elected Charles Q; Pierce as Chaplain, 
and E. A. Burgoyne as Surgeon. 

Regular monthly meetings have since been held, at which new 
comrades were added to the membership, the total admitted up to 
1907 being 211. For two years these gatherings occurred in the 
small hall where the Post was organized; but in Feb., 1874, a 
much larger hall, in Central Block, Main street, was dedicated, 
with the usual ceremonies, including addresses, felicitious and 
eloquent, by Rev. C. L. Woodworth and other citizens. 

There for three years the Post met, until the present hall was 
taken, in a building erected by the Otis Brothers, Horace W. 
and Ward M., themselves members of the Post. This hall was 
dedicated Wednesday evening, Jan. 10, 1877, "^ ^^^ presence of 
members and official guests, the Posts at Newton, Waltham, 
Brighton and Cambridge being represented. 




ISAAC B. PATTEN. 



Postal, G. A. R. 213 

On Memorial Day, May 30, of each year, the Post, either as a 
body or by delegations, visits the various cemeteries of the town, 
to decorate the graves of fallen comrades. Invited guests, including 
the town officers, join in the procession ; which, headed by a band 
of music, marches along the streets. In 1874, the Fire Depart- 
ment, Veterans of 181 2, and the Watertown School Guard, were 
in the line. Later, a collation was served in the G.A.R. hall, 
and in the evening there was an oration in the Town Hall by 
Rev. F. G. Morris, the Methodist pastor of the town, and singing 
by the Choral Society. 

Some features of the obsei-vance have been changed, from year 
to year. In 1906 a new feature was the appearance of a large 
body of the Grammar School children, dressed mainly in white, 
who formed in the school yard, and then marched with the vete- 
rans, as a novel and attractive part of the procession. 

The Sons of Veterans also march with the Post. The Woman's 
Relief Corps lends valuable assistance on these occasions by pro- 
viding and arranging flowers, as well as in furnishing the colla- 
tion, which is served at the close of the formal ceremonies. On 
the Sunday prior to Memorial Day a memorial service is held in 
some church of the town, the various societies gladly offering their 
church edifices for this purpose. Watertown, at its annual March 
meeting, regularly appropriates $300 to help pay the cost of flow- 
ers, flags, music and other incidentals of the solemn, yet sweet, 
memorial observance in May. 

Among the pleasant social events of Post 81, was a testimonial 
given in the Town Hall, Oct. 16, 1S74, when its Adjutant, John 
E. Bradlee, bade farewell to his friends just previous to taking up 
his residence in Chicago. He was presented with a beautiful 
badge, a gift from his comrades of the Post ; and a copy of Long- 
fellow's Hyperion, given by the Young People's Literary Society, 
of which he had been an active member. Comrade Bradlee later 
returned to Watertown. He died at his home in Belmont a few 
years ago. 

A reception to the Patten family was given the evening of 
March 29, 1905, by Post 81, assisted by Camp 29, Sons of Vete- 
rans, and the Woman's Relief Corps. It was a notable occasion, 
full of social enjoyment. 

There were present several of the relatives of Isaac B. Pat- 
ten, for whom the Post was named, including a brother, Wen- 
dell Patten, with his wife and child ; Miss Mannie Patten, a sis- 
ter, an accomplished teacher for years in the public schools of 
Watertown ; Dr. E. W. Huckins of this town and Reuben L. 
Richardson of Belmont, whose wives were sisters of the Pattens ; 
and a kinsman. Senior Vice Commander J. Payson Bradley, of 
the Grand Army of Massachusetts, who, in 1906, was chosen 
commander of the department. A letter was read from Professor 
Patten, a brother, a resident of Hanover, N. H. Addresses were 
made by Chairman Bartlett M. Shaw of the Board of Selectmen, 



314 Waiertoivn* s Military History. 

and others. Commander George F, Robinson briefly explained 
why the Post was named after Isaac B. Patten. 

Fairs have been held to provide additional funds for cliaritable 
purposes and other expenses of the Post. One in December, 1S73, 
netted $i300, another more than $1000; showing a generous re- 
sponse on the part of citizens. Various entertainments have been 
given with profitable results. 

Besides the Post fund, acquired in these and other ways, for 
the benefit of needy comrades, there are two special funds, use- 
ful, although not of large proportions. One is a balance of $60, 
which remained in the hands of Lucy Titcomb, as treasurer of a 
company of ladies, banded together to aid the soldier veterans. 
That society was dissolved Dec. 28, 1882, and the money given in 
trust to Comrades George E. Priest and Albert H. Hartwell, both 
of whom are dead. 

Martha Sanger, who died in iSSo, bequeathed $500 to the town, 
the income from which is used, under the direction of the Post, for 
purposes of charity. This fund is held in charge by the town, 
and interest, at the rate of five per cent, yearly, is guaranteed. 
The income is applied for the aid of sick soldiers, their wives and 
children. 

An endeavor to keep alive the spirit of patriotism, in the minds 
of the young, has been successfully made by members of the Post, 
through personal addresses in the public schools shortly before 
each Memorial Day. With natural eloquence, kindled into a 
brighter glow by the memories of past experiences, these com- 
rades relate their personal reminiscences of the battlefield, and 
present pictures, vivid and impressive, of the stirring events which 
transpired from 1S61 to 1S65. To the children these recitals are 
of great interest, and they will remain of permanent value during 
the coming years. 

Nor is it alone upon children, the influence of these veterans 
bears. At all times, when a smaller crisis has appeared in the 
nation's history, since the great crisis in which thty took a per- 
sonal part, they have spoken nobly and clearly, upholding the 
powers of government with strenuous force. 

When, after more than thirty years of peace, the United States 
entered upon a war against Spain, for the preservation of life and 
promotion of tranquillity among the distracted people of the 
neighboring island of Cuba, Post 81, on April 25, 189S, unani- 
mously adopted the following resolutions, presented by Comman- 
der Jepson : 

" Whereas, The Republic has entered upon a war with Spain, 
in the interests of humanity, to assist in securing the independence 
of a down-trodden and persecuted people, and to sustain the honor 
and glory of the United States of America, be it 

" Resolved, That it is the sense of Isaac B. Patten Post, G.A.R., 
that the objects and purposes of this war should awaken the patri- 
otism and devotion of every true American ; that by word and 



Postal, G. A. R. 215 

act, so far as we are able, we will, individually and collectively, 
sustain our Comrade, President McKinley, in all his measures for 
maintaining the honor and glory of the Republic, and 

" Resolved, That the stars and stripes shall be kept flying from 
the flagstaff" of this Post everv day while this righteous war shall 
last." 

A copy was sent to the President, and for several months, 
through days of storm and sunshine, the flag of a free nation 
floated above the entrance to Grand Army Hall, until glorious 
victory came, when a new Republic was fashioned by the sword, 
and a long-oppressed people set free. Dazzled by the light, that 
people is now trying to acquire and enjoy the art of self-govern- 
ment. 

The great fraternal reunions of the veterans from the various 
States of our country are the Grand Army National Encampments, 
held annually. In 1904, Boston was the place selected. It was 
a season of good cheer, hearty fellowship and generous hospitality. 
Post 81 had, as its special guests, comrades from the General D. 
B. Birney Post 63 of Philadelphia, the Department of Pennsyl- 
vania. So delighted were these visitors with their courteous 
treatment, that upon returning home they prepared and forwarded 
to the Watertown Post, photographs of the members of the Boston 
Club, as they called themselves. In return for this kindness. Post 
81, at a meeting held Feb. 13, 1905, adopted a resolution of thanks 
for " this testimonial, composed of magnificently framed and ar- 
tistically grouped photographs of the members of the Boston Club." 
A prominent position in the Grand Army Hall is given to this 
" testimonial " from the Qiiaker State. 

Rev. Edward A. Rand was an associate member of the Post 
during several years, always ready to speak and act in its behalf. 
Through his efforts the Common Street Cemetery, formerly neg- 
lected, was resodded and put in an excellent condition, which has 
since been maintained. He secured the appropriation for the 
preparation and publication of this Military History. He was of 
Revolutionary ancestry, and was a member of the Christian 
Commission in the Civil War. 

A well-beloved chaplain and fellow comrade was Rev. William 
H. Savage, pastor of the First Unitarian Parish. He was en- 
rolled at Augusta, Me., Sept. 29, 1862, as a private in Co. K, 7th 
Maine Infantry; appointed Corporal Dec. i, 1S63; Sergeant 
May 5, 1864; and, subsequently, promoted to be Second Lieu- 
tenant of Co. F, July 27, 1S64. In Sept., 1864, he was transferred 
to Co. F, ist Maine Veteran Infantry ; and Nov. 17, 1S64, was 
made First Lieutenant of Co. B of that regiment. He was brevetted 
Captain of Volunteers April 2, 1S65, "for gallant and meritorious 
service in the assault before Petersburg, Va." He was honorably 
discharged with the company, at Washington, June 28, 1865, as 
First Lieutenant. At the close of the war he studied for the min- 
istry. His Watertown pastorate lasted for thirteen years, closing 
in 1899. He died in 1907. 



2i6 Wateriown's Military History . 

The list of officers for 1907 is as follows : 

Linus A. Shaw - - - Commander. 

Charles H. Dean, - - - Sen. Vice Commander. 

Alonzo K. Worth - - - Junior " " 

David F. Tripp - - - Chaplain. 

Charles W. Smith - - - Surgeon. 

Joseph Bright - - - - Officer of the Day. 

Thomas F. Holmes - - Qiiartermaster. 

Richard Kelley - - - - Officer of the Guard. 

John Welch Adjutant. 

William H. Benjamin - Patriotic Instructor. 

James H. Arnold - - - Sergeant Major. 

Alvin F. Tolman - - - Quartermaster Sergeant. 

This election furnishes a new officer of the Post, that of Patri- 
otic Instructor, to which position Capt. William H. Benjamin is 
appointed. His duties in part are to promote patriotic exercises 
by the pupils of the public schools, and other bodies. 



Commanders of Isaac B. Patten Post Si. 

Charles T. Perkins 1872, 1S77. 

George E. Priest iS73' 

Albert H. Hartwell - - - - 1S74, 1875. 

George E. Teele 1876. 

Joseph F. Lovering ----- 1878. 

Charles Q. Pierce ----- 1879. 

Orlendo W. Dimick - - - . 1880. 

George F. Robinson - - - - 188 1, 1882, 1905. 

Henry W. Martin 1883. 

Benjamin H. Dow ----- 1884. 

Charles W. Smith 1885. 

Fred A. Thomas 1886. 

Samuel F. Stearns 1887, 1888. 

Michael A. Forrest 1889. 

James R. Harrison 1890. 

David F. Tripp ------ 189 1, 1892. 

Joseph M. Burns i893' 

Edward W. Pillsbury - - - - 1894. 

George W. Foskett 1895. 

George E. Jepson 1896, 1897. 

William H. Benjamin - - - - 1898, 1901, 1902. 

Thomas F. Holmes ----- 1899, 1900. 

Alvin F. Tolman ----- 1903, 1904, 1906. 



Members of Post 81. 

Adair, George L. Served 11 mos. 23 dys. ; born in Lewis 
Co., Mo. ; enlistment age, 22; private Co. D, 137th 111.; M. I. 



^^5/81, G.A.J?. 217 

May 4, 1864; M. O. Sept. 24, 1S64. Second enl.: Sergt. Co. D, 
148th 111.; M. I. Feb. 2, 1865; M. O. Sept. 5, 1865, as ist Sergt. 
Ahearn, Maurice. Served 11 mos. 8 dys. ; b. Ireland ; age, 
30; private Co. H, 48th Mass.; M. I. Sept. 25. 1862; M. O. 
Sept. 3, 1863. 

AusBERGER, Sebastian. Served 4 yrs. 4 mos. 10 dys. ; b. 
Bavaria ; age, 19 ; private Co. B, 46th 111. ; M. I. Sept. 10, 1861 ; 
M. O. Jan. 20, 1866. 

Arnold, James H. Served 4 mos. 19 dys; b. Qinncy ; age, 
20; private Co. B, 60th Mass. ; M. I. July n, 1864; M. O.Nov. 
30, 1864. 

Ashe, Maurice. Served 6 years ; b. Ireland ; age, 26; private 
Co. C, 4th U. S. Art.; M. I. Feb. 22, 1861 ; M. O. Feb. 22, 
1867. 

Atwood, Samuel F. Served 3 years; b. Taunton; age, 39 ; 
private Co. K, i6th Mass. ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; M. O. July 2, 
1S64, as Corp. 

Barker, George T. Served 9 mos. ; b. Keene, N. H. ; age, 
34 ; private Co. G, 45th Mass. ; M. I. Oct. 8, 1862 ; M. O. July 
8, 1863. 

Bedell, Austin. Served 2 yrs. 7 mos. 6 dys. ; b. Jefferson, 
N H. ; ac^e, 19 ; private Co. F, 2d N. H. ; M. I. Sept. 20, 1S62 ; 
M O Oct 9, 1S63. Second enl. : private Co. F, 2d Battalion 
Vet. Res. Corps; M. I. Dec. 19, 1863; M. O. June 6, 1865. 

Belt, George D. Served 3 mos. 18 dys.; b. Carroll Co., 
Md. ; age, 19; private Co. I, nth Md. ; M. I. June 13, 1864; 
M. O. Oct. I, 1864. 

Benjamin, William H. Served 3 yrs. i day; b Concord; 
age, 19 ; private Co. D, ist Mass. ; M. I. May 24, 1S61 ; M. O. 
May 25, 1864. 

Berry, Charles W. Served i yr. 6 mos. 22 dys. ; b. Bristol, 
N. H.; age, 20; private nth Mass. Battery; M. I. Dec. 24, 
1863; M.^'O. June 16, 1865. 

Blakney, Thomas R. Served 3 yrs. 16 dys. ; b. Dublin, Ire. ; 
age, 20 ; private Co. I, nth Mass. ; M. I. June 8, 1861 ; M. O. 
June 24, 1864. 

Bradlee, John E. Served 9 mos. 6 dys. ; b Boston ; age, 31 ; 
private Co. C, 44th Mass. ; M. I. Sept. 12,1862; M.O.June 18, 
1863. 

Brigham, Charles. Served 10 mos. i day; b. Watertown; 
age, 21 ; private Co. K. 5th Mass. ; M. I. Sept. i, 1862; M. O. 
July 2, 1863, as Sergeant. 

Bright, Joseph. Served i yr. 9 mos. 7.dys.; b. Watertown; 
age, 18 ; private Co. K, i6th Mass. ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; M. O. 
April 9, 1863. 



2 1 8 Water toxvn^s Military History, 

Broadhurst, Stephen F. Served 3 yrs. i mo. 2 dys. ; b. 
Eng. ; age, 20 ; private Co. B, 3d R. I. Hv. Art. ; M, I. Sept. 3, 
1861 ; M. O. Oct. 5, 1864. 

BuRCHSTEAD, David W. Served 2 yrs. 1 1 mos. 29 dys. ; b. 
Salem ; age, 16; private Co. F, 23d Mass. ; M. I. Oct. 14, 1861 ; 
M. O. Oct. 13, 1S64, as Corp. 

BuRDELL, Abraham H. Served i yr. 6 mos. 19 dys. ; b. Jef- 
ferson, N. H. ; age, 18; private Co. H, 9th N. H. ; M. I. Dec. 
9, 1S63 ; M. O. June 28, 1865. 

BuRGOYNE, E. A. Served 3 yrs. 7 mos. 17 dys. ; b. Hamilton, 
Mo.; age, 17; private nth U."' S. Inf.; M. I. Aug. 14, 1861 ; M. 
O. April I, 1S65, as Lieut. 14th U. S. Inf. 

Burke, James. Served 2 yrs. ; b. Boston ; age, 23 ; seaman 
U.S. Navy; M. I.July, 1861 ; M.O.July 31, 1863, as Boat- 
swain's Mate. 

Burke, William A. Served i yr. i mo. ; b. Boston ; age, 32 ; 
musician, U. S. Navy; M. I. May, 1861 ; M. O.June, 1862. 

Burns, Joseph N. Served 8-years; b. Eng.; age, 21; pri- 
vate Co. C, 3d U. S. Cav. ; M. I. April 22, 1858; M. O. April 
22, 1863. Second enl. : private Ord. Corps.; M. I. Sept. i, 
1S64; M. O. Sept. 1, 1867, as Corp. 

Butler, Thomas R. Served i yr. 4 mos. 28 dys. ; b. Leba- 
non, Me.; age, 19; private Co. F, 4th Mass. Cav.; M. I. June 
16, 1864; M. O. Nov. 14, 1865. 

Clark, Charles E. Served 3 years ; b. Watertown ; age, 31 ; 
Sergt. Co. K, i6th Mass.; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; M. O. July 2, 
1864. 

Clark, William H. Served 3 yrs. 9 mos. 15 dys. ; b. Cam- 
bridge ; age, 27; private Co. H, 47th Mass. ; M. I. Oct. 16, 1862 ; 
M. O. Sept. I, 1863. Second enl.: private Ord. Corp.; M. I. 
April I, 1S64; M. O. Mar. i, 1867, as Corpl. 

Cleveland, L. Sidney. Served i yr. 4 mos. 23 dys. ; b. Cam- 
den, Me. ; age 15 ; private Co. E, 32d Me. ; M. I. Feb. 22, 1864 ; 
M. O. July 15, 1865. 

Cobb, Leander P. Served 4 mos. i day ; b. Wareham ; age, 
19; private Co. K. 42d Mass. ; M. I. July 10, 1864; M. O. Nov. 
II, 1864. 

Coffin, John N. Served 3 years ; b. Portsmouth, N. H. ; 
age, 31 ; Lieut. 8th Mass Battery ; M. I. Nov., 1S61 ; M. O. Nov. 
1S64. 

CoGLAN, Robert. Served 3 years; b. Dublin, Ire.; age, 34 ; 
private Co. I, 3d U. S. Inf. ; M. I. April 8, 1865 ; M. O. April 
8, 1868. 

Colby, Thomas R. Served 3 years ; b. Boston ; age, 22 ; pri- 
vate Co. B, ist Conn. Art. ; M. I. May 22, i86i ; M. O. May 21, 
1864, as Corpl. 



Postal, G.A. R. 219 

Connor, Robert W. Served 5 mos. 2S dys. ; b. Ireland; 
age, 21 ; private Co. H, 30th Me. ; M. I. Feb. 22, 1S65 ; M. O. 
Aug, 20, 1865. 

Cook, David W. Served i yr. 6 mos. 24 dys. ; b. Boston; 
age, 19; private Co. E, loth Me. ; M. I. Oct. 14, 1861 ; M. O. 
May 8, 1S63. 

Corson, William W. Served 3 yrs. i day; b. Gt. Fall?, 
N. H. ; age, 16; private Co. B, 99th N. Y. ; M. I. Jan. 13, 1862 ; 
M. O. Jan. 14, 1865. 

Crafts, Joseph. Served 9 mos. 22 dys. ; b. Cambridge; age, 
43 ; Capt. Co. K, 5th Mass. ; M. I. Sept. 10, 1862; M. O. July 
2, 1863. 

Cross, George W. Served 3 yrs. i mo. 13 dys. ; b. Sebec, 
Me. ; age, 21 ; private Co. C, 5th M.V.M. ; M. I. April 19, 1S61 ; 
M. O. jLily3i, 1861. Second enl. : private Co. I, 32d Mass.; 
M. I. July 28, 1862; M. O. May 29, 1865. 

CusiCK, Thomas. Served 4 years; b. Ireland; age, 16; pri- 
vate U. S. Marine Corps; M. I. May 4, 1S61 ; M. O. May 4, 
1865. 

Dale, Thomas J. Served 2 y rs, 9 mos. i day ; b. Cambridge ; 
age, 18 ; private Co. G, 8th Md. ; M. I. Sept. 30, 1862 ; M. O. 
May 31, 1865. 

Dean, Charles H. Served i yr. 9 mos. 25 ds. ; b. Boston ; 
age, 26; seaman U.S. Navy; M. I. Sept, i86i ; U. O. Sept. 26, 
1862. Second enl. : private Co. G, 47th Mass. ; M. I. Nov. 6, 
1862; M. O. Sept. I, 1863. 

Dever, Patrick, Served 5 yrs. 11 mos. 21 dys; b. Ireland; 
age, 24; private Co. B, 3d U. S. Inf. ; M. I. March 19, 1861 ; M. 
O. March 10, 1867. 

DiMicK, Carroll D. Served 3 yrs. i mo. 26 dys. ; b. Lyme, 
N, H,; age, 18; artificer; Co. I, ist N. H. Cav. ; M. I. Oct, 21, 
1S61 ; M. O. Dec. 17, 1864. 

DiMiCK, Orlendo W. Served 2 yrs. 9 mos. ; b. Braintree ; 
age, 23; First Lieut. Co. H. nth N. H,; M, I. Sept., 1862; M. 
O. June 4, 1865, as Capt. 

Doherty, John F. Served 4 yrs. 2 dys, ; b, Scotland ; age, 
19; private Co. A, 9th Mass. ; M. I. June 11, 1861 ; M. O. June 
21, 1864, as First Lieut. Second enl. : private Co. H, 24th 
Mass. M. I. July 29, 1864; M, O, July 21, 1865. 

Donovan, Timothy J, Served 4 yrs. 3 mos. 13 dys. ; b. Low- 
ell; age, 18; private Co. E, 24th iMass. ; M. I. Oct. 7, 1861 ; M. 
O.Jan. 20, 1866. 

DoRAN, John. Served i yr. 9 mos. 26 dys. ; b. Manchester, 
Eng. ; age, 16; private Co. K, 29th Me.; M. I. Aug. 5, 1863; 
M. O. May 31, 1865. 



220 Water town's Military History. 

Dow, Benjamin H. Served 2 yrs. 10 mos. 12 dys. ; b. Wel- 
fleet ; age, 30; private Co. C, 39th Mass.; M. I. Aug. 14, 1862; 
M. O.June 26, 1865, as Corpl. 

Dowi.EY, Michael W. Served 2 yrs. 9 mos. ; b. Norwich, 
Conn.; age, 20; private Co. H, 26tli Conn.; M. I. Aug. 30, 
1862; M. O. June i, 1S65. 

Dudley, William B. Served 9 mos. 20 dys. ; b. Charlton ; 
age, 43 ; private Co. E, 33d Mass. ; M. I. Aug. 5, 1S62 ; M. O. 
May 25, 1863. 

DuNKLEE, Charles. Served 3 yrs. 3 mos. ; b. Rockingham, 
Vt. ; age, 17; private Co. I, 4th Vt. ; M. I. Sept. 1861 ; M. O. 
Dec. 24, 1S64. 

Dyer, Isaac F. Served 3 yrs. i day; b. Brighton; age, 20; 
private Co. B, 99th N. Y. ; M. I. Jan. 8, 1862; M. O. Jan. 9, 
1865. 

Earl, Osman O. Served i yr. 1 1 mos. ; b. Chester, Vt. ; age, 
31 ; private Co. H., 17th 111. Cav. ; M. I. Jan. 15, 1864; M. O. 
Dec. 15, 1865. 

Egan, FESTas. Served i yr. 5 mos. 13 dys. ; b. England ; 
age, 17; Sergt. Co. E, 36th N. Y. ; M. I. June 16, 1861 ; M. O. 
Nov. 29, 1862. 

EsTY, Newell T. Served 3 yrs. i mo. 3 dys; b. Winstead, 
Conn.; age, 19; private Co. B, 3d R. I. Art.; M. I. Sept. 2, 
1861 ; M. O. Oct. 5, 1864, as Sergt. 

Flour, Andrew L. Served 3 years; b. Halifax, N. S. ; age, 
29; private Co. K, i6th Mass. ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; M. O. July 
2, 1864. 

Flynn, John. Served 2 yrs. 3 mos. 10 dys. ; b. Lowell; age, 
19; private Co. F, i6th Mass.; M. I. July 12, 1861 ; M. O. Oct. 
22, 1863. 

Forknall, William S. Served 3 years; b. England; age, 
22; private Co. L, istMass. Hv. Art. ; M. I. March, 1862 ; M. O. 
March 4, 1865, 

Forrest, Michael A. Served 6 yrs.; b. Ireland; age, 20; 
private Co. I, 2d Mass. ; M. I. May 23, 1861 ; ]M. O. May 23, 
1864, as Corpl. Second enl. : Ord. Dept. ; M. I. Aug. 12, 1864; 
M. O. Aug. 12, 1867, as Corpl. 

FosKETT, George W. Served 3 yrs, i2dys. ; b. Boston; age, 
18; private Co. F, 7th Mass.; M. I. June 15, 1861 ; M. O. June 
27, 1864. 

Franklin, Samuel. Served 3 yrs. 25 dys. ; b. Needham ; 
age, 34; private Co. K, i6th Mass.; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; M. O. 
July 27, 1864. 

Eraser, Daniel. Served 3 yrs. 9 dys. ; b. Scotland ; age, 29 ; 
private Ord. Corps ; M. 1. Nov. 20, 1862 ; M. O. Nov. 29, 1865, as 
Sergt. 



PosiSi, G. A. R. 321 

GiBBS, William. Served lo mos. 12 dys. ; b. Fitchburg ; age, 
36; private Co. I, 56th Mass. ; M. I. Aug. 20, 1862 ; M. O. July 
2, 1S63. 

Gibson, Samuel S. Served 3 yrs. 8 rnos. 12 dys. ; b. Notting- 
ham, Eng. ; age, 37 ; bugler Co. M, ist Mass. Cav. ; M. I. Oct. 
15, 1861 ; M. 5. Oct. 15, 1S64. Second enl. : bugler, 4th Mass. 
Cav. ; M. I. March 2, 1S65; M. O. Nov. 14, 1S65. 

GiLDEA, Michael. Served i year; b. Ireland; age, 17; fire- 
man, U. S. Navy; M. I. Aug. 7, 1862 ; M. O. Aug. 7, 1863, 

Coding, Emalous. Served 3 yrs. i day ; b. Livermore, Me. ; 
age, 20; private Co. C, 8th Me. ; M. I. Sept. 6, 1861 ; M. O. Sept. 
7, 1864. 

Goodwin, Andrew. Served 2 yrs. 8 mos. 2 dys ; b. Weld, 
Me.; age, 24; private Co. H, 25th Me.; M. I. Sept. 10, 1S61 ; 
M. O. July II, 1S63. Second enl. : private Co. K, 4th Mass. Hv. 
Art.; M.I. Aug. 16, 1864; M. O.June 17, 1865. 

Greenslit, Belden a. Served 10 mos. 10 dys ; b. Hinckley, 
O. ; age, 29; private Co. K, 13th Vt. ; M. I. Sept. 11, 1863 ; M. 
O. July 21, 1863. 

Gurley, William O. Served 2 yrs. 9 mos. 15 dys. ; b. Box- 
ford; age, 17; private Co. H, 33d Mass.; M. I. Aug. 3, 1862; 
M. O. May 18, 1865, as Corp. 

Hadlock, Charles H. Served i yr. 7 mos. 5 dys. ; b. St. 
Johnsbury, Vt. ; age, 22 ; private Co. F, 27th Me. ; M. I. Sept. 10, 
1862 ; M. O.July 17, 1863. Second enl. : private Co. K, ist. N. H. 
Hv. Art.; M. I. Sept. 17, 1864; M. O. June 15, 1865, as Corp. 

Hallahan, John. Served i yr. 3 mos. 9 dys. ; b. Cork, Ire. ; 
age, 33 ; artificer, Co. C, 38th Mass. ; M. I. Oct. i, 1861 ; M. O. 
Jan. 10, 1863, as Corp. 

Hallern, James B. Served 3 yrs. ; b. Nottingham, Eng. ; age, 
28 ; private Co. D, loth N. H. ; M. I. June 21, 1865 ; M. O. June 
21, 1865. 

Harrison, James R. Served i yr. 8 mos. ; b. New York ; 
age, 27; private Co. K, i6th Mass; M. I.July 3, 1861 ; M. O. 
March 3, 1863 ; wounded in left thigh. 

Hartwkll, Albert H. Served 9 mos. 19 dys. ; b. Littleton ; 
age, 22 ; private Co. A, 44th Mass. ; M. I. Aug. 29, 1862 ; M. O. 
June 18, 1863, as Corpl. 

Hayden, L. M. Served 3 yrs. 4 dys. ; b. Clarksburg ; age, 30 ; 
private Co. E, 31st Mass. ; M. I. Nov. 22, 1861 ; M. O. Nov. 26, 
1864, as Capt. 

Hazelton, Frank J. Served 9 mos. 8 dys. ; b. Boston ; 
age, 18; private Co. B, 44th Mass. ; M. I. Sept. 12, 1862 ; M. O. 
June 20, 1863. 

Heard, S. H. IM. Served 3 mos. 27 dys.; b. Wayland ; age, 
36; Corpl. Co. D, 35th Mass.; M. I. Aug. i, 1862; M. O. Nov. 
28, 1862. 



222 Waterloivri's Alilitary History. 

Hill, Joseph D. Served 9 mos. ; b. Canada; age, 39 ; private 
Co. I, 6th Mass.; M. I. Aug. 31, 1862; M. O. May 31, 1863. 

Hill, Nelson. Served 2 yrs. 7 mos. 1 1 dys. ; b. Canada ; age, 
17; private Co. B, 4th Mass.; M. I. Oct. 2, 1863; M. O. Aug. 
28, 1S63. Second enl. : Corpl. Co. M, 2d Mass. Hv. Art. ; M. I. 
Dec. iS, 1863 ; M. O. Sept. 3, 1865. 

HiNKLEY, Ora J. Served i yr. 7 mos. 25 dys. ; b. Madrid, 
Me. ; age, 31 ; private Co. E, 14th Me. ; M. I.'Feb. 15, 1864; M. 
O. Oct. 10, 1865. 

HoLBROOK, Bradford. Served i yr. 8 mos. 35 dys. ; b. Wis- 
casset, Me.; age, 26; private Co. H, i6th Mass.; M. I. June 
28, 1861 ; M. O. March 33, 1S63. 

Holbrook, John G. Served i yr. 4 mos. ; b. Princeton ; 
age, 23 ; private Co. K, i6th Mass. ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; M. O. 
Nov. I, 1863. 

Holmes, Thomas F. Served 3 yrs. 7 mos. 17 dys.; b. Sand- 
wich; age, 17; private Co. K, 45th Mass.; M. I. Oct. 8, 1862; 
M. O. Oct. 8, 1863. Second enl. : Sergt. Co. I, 59th Mass. ; M. I. 
Dec. 13, 1863; M. O. July 30, 1865. 

Howard, Frederick H. Served 9 mos. 24 dys. ; b. Portland, 
Me.; age, 28; private nth Mass. Battery; M. I. Aug. 5, 1863; 
M. O. May 29, 1863. 

Hubbard, Henry P. Served 3 yrs. 8. mos. 11 dys.; b. Can- 
terbury, N. H. ; age, 38; private Co. M, ist N. H. Cav. ; M. I. 
Nov. 4, 1861 ; M. O. July 15, 1865, as Corp. 

Hughes, Michael. Served 2 yrs. i mo. 7 dys. ; b. Water- 
town ; age, 18; landsman U. S. Navy; M.I.Aug. 6, 1863; M. 
O. Sept. 13, 1865, as Cook. 

Ireland, J. L. Served 3 mos. 21 dys.; b. Watertown ; age 
17 ; private Co. B, 5th Mass. ; M. I. July 25, 1S64; M. O. Nov. 
16, 1864. 

Ireland, Rasselas W. Served 3 yrs. 3 mos. 28 dys. ; b. Wa- 
tertown ; age, 19; private Co. L, ist Mass. Hv. Art. ; M. I. March 
13, 1863; M. O. June 10, 1865. 

Jackson, Charles F. Served 3 yrs. i mo. 26 dys. ; b. Water- 
town ; age, 17; private Co. C, 13th Mass.; M. I.July 16, 1861 ; 
M. O. Nov. 28, 1863. Second enl.: Sergt. Co. A, 59th Mass.; 
M. I. Dec. S? 1S63; M. O. Sept. 19, 1864; wounded in face. 

Jepson, George E. Served 3 yrs. 2 mos. ; b. Boston ; age, 30 ; 
private Co. A, i3th Mass.; M. I.June 4, 1861 ; M. O. Aug. 4, 
1S64. 

Kelley, Richard. Served i yr. 2 mos. 21 dys. ; b. Win- 
throp ; age, 21 ; private 9th Mass. Battery ; M. L March 15, 1864 ; 
M. O. June 6, 1865. 

Kendrick, Michael. Served 2 yrs. 10 mos. 3 dys.; b. Ire- 
land; age, 16; private Co. G, 33d Mass.; M. I. Aug. 8, 1862; 
M. O. June 11, 1865, as Corp. 



PosiSi, G. A. R. 223 

Kennedy, James. Served 2 yrs. 4 mos. 5 dys. ; b. Ireland; 
age 44; private Co. K, 5th Mass. ; M. I. Sept. 19, 1862; M. O. 
July 2, 1S63. Second enl. : private Co. L, 2d Mass. Hv. Art. ; 
M. I. Dec. 22, 1863; M. O. July 15, 1865. 

Keyes, Michael. Served 3 y r i mo. 3 dys. ; b. Boston 
age, 22 ; sailor U. S. Navy; M'. I. Dec. 4, 1861 ; M. O.Jan. 7, 
1865, as Boatswain's Mate. 

King, Edward A. Served i yr. 6 mos. 4 dys. ; b. Roxbury ; 
age, 19; private Co. K, i6th Mass.; M. I. July 2, 186;; M. O. 
Jan. 6, 1S63. 

King, William A. Served 7 mos. 27 dys. ; b. Calcutta, India ; 
age, 27; private Co. C, 6ist Mass.; M. I. Oct. 7, 1864; M. O. 
June 4, 1S65. 

Knapp, Charles P. Served 2 yrs. 10 mos. 27 dys. ; b. Nor- 
ton; age, 18; private Co. A, 39th Mass.; M. I. Aug. 6, 1862; 
M. O.July 3, 1865, as private Co. I, Vet. Res. Corps. 

Lane, Frank W. Served 3 mos. ; b. Fitchburg ; age, 25 ; pri- 
vate Co. C, 5th Mass. ; M. I. May i, 1861 ; M. O. July 30, 1861. 

Lanehart, John. Served 3 years ; b. Schoharie, N. Y. ; age, 
25; private Co. H, 153d N. Y. ; M. I. Oct. 4, 1862 ; M. O. Oct. 
2, 1865, as Corpl. 

Lassman, Robert E. Served 4 yrs. 2 mos. 7 dys. ; b. Prussia ; 
age, 30 ; private Co. K, nth Mass. ; M. I. May 7, 1861 ; M. O. 
July 14, 1S65. 

Lee, John. Served 5 yrs. ; b. Ireland; age, 29; private Co. 
B, 3dU. S. Inf.; M. L Aug. 11, i860; M. O. Aug. 11, 1865, 
as Corpl. 

Lenox, Charles W. Served 2 yrs. 5 mos. 22 dys. ; b. Water- 
town ; age, 38 ; private Co. A, 54th Mass. ; M. I. Feb. 28, 1863 ; 
M. O. Aug. 20, 1865, as Color Sergt. 

Leverton, John W. Served 3 yrs. ; b. Qiiebec, Can. ; age, 
30; private Co. K, i6th Mass. ; M. L July 2, 1861 ; M. O. July 
I, 1864. 

Lewis, James. Served i yr. 11 mos. 13 dys.; b. Dublin, Ire. ; 
age, 43 ; private Co. F, 21st Mass. ; M. I. Sept. 17, 1862 ; M. O. 
Aug. 30, 1864. 

Livermore, Charles F. Served 3 yrs. 15 dys. ; b. Water- 
town ; age, 26 ; private Co. B, 2d Battery ; M. I. July 31, 1861 ; 
M. O. Aug. 16, 1864, as Sergt. 

Logan, Peter. Served 3 yrs. ; b. Connaught, Ire. ; age, 19 ; 
private Ord. Dept. U.S.A. ; M. I. Aprils, 1864 ; M. O. April 4, 
1867. 

Lord, Eben N. Served 4 yrs. 12 dys. ; b. Berwick, Me. ; age, 
41 ; private Co. K, 16th Mass.; M. I. July 2, 1S61 ; M. O.July 
i^, 1865, as Corp. 



224 Watertown*s Military History, 

Lord, Edward. Served 4 yrs. 16 dys. ; b. Mass.; age, 22; 
private Co. A, 15th Mass; M. I. July 12, 1861 ; M. O. July 28, 
1864. Second enl. : Co. F, ist Mass. Hv. Art. ; M. I. July, 
1864; M. O.June 28, 1865. 

LovERiNG, Rev. Joseph F. Served i vr. 7 mos. ; b. Mass. ; 
Chaplain, 17th Me. ; M. I. Nov., 1863; M. O. June, 1S65. 

Lyons, Michael W. Served 3 yrs. ; b. Watertown; age, 18 ; 
private Ord. Corps; M. I. Feb. 23, 1865; M. O. Feb. 22, 1S68. 

Mack, John B. Served 5 years; b. Dublin, Ire; age, 16; 
private Co. A, 25th U. S. Inf. ; M. I. Oct. 15, 1863; M. O. Oct. 
15, 1 868, as First Sergt. 

Mackin, Joseph E. Served 3 yrs. 5 dys.; b. New York; 
age, 18; private Co. K, i6th Mass. ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; M. O. 
July 7, 1864; wounded in left arm and head. 

Mahony, Dennis. Served 3 yrs. 3 mos. 12 dys.; b. Ireland; 
age, 21 ; private Co. F, 8th M. V. M. ; M. I. Apr. 18, 1861 ; M. 
O. Aug. I, 1861. Second enl. : coalheaver U. S. Navy; M. I. 
Jan. 2, 1862; M. O. Jan. i, 1S65. 

Martin, Henry W. Served 2 yrs. 4 mos. 21 dys. ; b. Brad- 
ford, Me. ; age, 18 ; private Co. F, 2d Me. ; M. I. May 28, 1861 ; 
M. O. June 19, 1863, as musician. Second enl. : Corpl. 31st 
Me.; M. I. Aug. 26, 1864; M. O. Dec. 26, 1864. 

McCafferty, Owen. Served 3 years; b. Ireland; age, 22; 
private Ord. Corps; M. I. Dec. 2, 1862 ; M. O. Dec. 2, 1S65. 

McDermott, James. Served 4 yrs. 1 1 mos. 20 ds. ; b. Ire- 
land; age, 28; private Ord. Corps; M. I. Oct. 17, 1S63 ; M. O. 
Oct. 7, 1868. 

McTiGH, Anthony. Served 3 yrs. 10 dys. ; b. Ireland; age, 
18; private Co. C, 9th Mass.; M. I.June 11, 1861 ; M. O. June 
21, 1S64. 

Melvin, Albert. Served i yr. 10 mos. 27 dys.; b. Liver- 
pool, N. S. ; age, 20; private Co. A, 2d Mass. Hv. Art.; M. I. 
June 29, 1863; M. O. May 26, 1865. 

Miller, Charles. Served i yr. 1 1 mos. 10 dys. ; b. Prussia, 
Ger. ; age, 17; private Co. D, 147th Fenn. ; M. I. Aug. 5, 1863 ; 
M.O.July 15, 1865. 

MiLNER, Joseph F. Served 10 mos.; b. Boston; age, 54; 
private Co. I, 45th Mass. ; M. I. Sept. 7, 1862; M. O. July 7, 
1863. 

MoNAHAN, Owen. Served 3 years : b. Ireland ; age, 32 ; pri- 
vate Ord. Corps; M. I. Mar. 18, 1865 ; M. O. Mar. 17, 1S68. 

Morrill, William F. Served 2 yrs. 1 1 mos. 5 dys. ; b. Po- 
land, Me.; age, 26; private Co. C, 17th Me.; M. I. July 24, 
1862 ; M. O. June 29, 1865, as Sergt. 

Morton, Thomas. Served 3 yrs. 6 dys.; b. Plymouth; age, 
20; private Co. A, 32d Mass. ; M. I. Nov. 18, 1861 ; M. O. Nov. 
24, 1864. 



Postal, G. A. R. 225 

MouLTON, Charles H. Served 3 years ; b. Topsfield ; age, 
25 ; private Co. D, 22d Mass.; M. I. Sept. 6, 1861 ; M. O. Sept. 
6, 1864. 

MuRDOCK, John. Served 9 mos. 7 dys. ; b. Carver ; age, 36 ; 
private Co. B, 3d Mass. ; M. I. Sept. 19, 1862 ; M. 0. June 26, 
1863. 

NooNAN, Edward. Served 6 mos. 20 dys. ; b. Boston ; age, 
15 ; private Co. G, 6th Mass. ; M. I. July 16, 1864; M. O. Feb. 
6, 1S65. 

North, F. E. Served 2 mos. 22 dys. ; b. Middleton, Conn. ; 
age, 18; private Co. F, ist R. I. Lt. Art. ; M. I. Apr. 5, 1865 ; 
M. O. June 27, 1865. 

O'Brien, John. Served 1 1 mos. 22 dys. ; b. Watertown ; age, 
17; coalheaver U. S. Navy; M. I. Feb. 3, 1S64; M. O. Jan. 25, 
1865. 

O'Hearn, William. Served 2 yrs. 7 mos. 12 dys.; b. Ire- 
land; age, 17; private Co. F, 41st Mass. ; M. I. Aug. 23, 1862; 
M. O. Apr. 5, 1865, as Sergt. 

O'Hearn, William. Served 2 yrs. 7 mos. 7 dys. ; b. Ireland ; 
age, 34; private Co. F, 41st Mass.; M. I. Aug. 28, 1862; M. O. 
Apr. 5, 1865, as Corpl. 

Otis, Horace W. Served i yr. 10 mos. 26 dys. ; b. Leomin- 
ster ; age, 21; private Co. K, 5th Mass.; M. I. Sept. i, 1862; 
M. O. July 2, 1863, as Corpl. Second enl. : private Co. L, ist 
Mass. Cav.; M. I. June 6, 1864; M. O. July i, 1865, as a Quar. 
Mas. Sergt. ; gun shot w^ounds in arm, neck and shoulder. 

Otis, Ward M. Served 10 mos. i day; b. Leominster; age, 
19; private Co. K, 5th Mass. ; M. I. Sept. i, 1862; M. O. July 
2, 1863. 

Parker, James P. Served i yr. i mo. 28 dys. ; b. Dedham ; 
age, 16; private Co. G, 28th Mass.; M. I. Dec. 5, 1861 ; M. O. 
Feb. 3, 1863. 

Parrish, Lucius H. Served 5 mos. ; b. Bern, N. Y. ; age, 
33; Band-master i6th N. Y. ; M. I. Sept. 15, 1861 ; M. O. Feb., 
1862. 

Peeler, Albert. Served 4 yrs. 3 mos. ; b. Brattleboro, Vt. ; 
age, 19 ; private Co. C, 5th Mass. ; M. I. Apr., 1861 ; M. O. July, 
1861. Second enl.: private Co. G, ist Mass. Cav. ; M. I. Sept. 
22, 1861 ; M. O.June 26, 1865. 

Perkins, Albert W. Served i yr. 4 mos. 1 1 dys. ; b. Car- 
ver; age, 21; Sergt. Co. C, iSth Mass.; M. L Sept. 17, 1861 ; 
M. O. Jan. 28, 1863. 

Perkins, Charles T. Served 2 yrs. 9 mos. ; b. So. Berv^^ick, 
Me.; age, 32; Sergt. Co. C, 24th Mass.; M. I. Oct. 24, 1861 ; 
M. O. July 24, 1864, as First Lieut. 

Philbrook, H. a. Universalist Clergyman ; trans, from Maine. 



226 Watertown's Military History. 

Pierce, Charles Q. Served 1 1 mos. 2 dys. ; b. W. Boylston ; 
age, 21 ; private Co. C, 53d Mass. ; M. I. Sept. 30, 1862 ; M. O. 
Sept. 2, 1863, as Corpl. 

Pierce, Henry G. Served 2 yrs. 6 mos. 8 dys. ; b. No. 
Chelmsford ; age, 24; private Co. B, 12th Mass. ; M. I. May 11, 
1861 ; M. O. Nov. 19, 1863. 

PiLLSBURY, Edward W. Served 3 yrs. 5 mos. 29 dys. ; b. 
Derry, N. H. ; age, 24; private Co. F, ist N. H. ; M. I. May 3, 
1861 ; M. O. Aug. 9, 1861. Second enl. : private Co. A, 8th N. 
H.; M.I. Oct. 25, 1S61 ; M. O. Jan. iS, 1865, as Commissary 
Sergt. 

Pollard, Otis A. Served i yr. 8 mos. 23 dys. ; b. Lempster, 
N. H. ; age, 23 ; private Co. A, 40th Mass. ; M. I. July 18, 1862 ; 
M. O. Apr. 11', 1S64, as Sergt. 

Poole, Charles A. Served 3 yrs. 3 dys. ; b. Brunswick, Me. ; 
age, 20; sailor U. S. Navy; M. I. Nov. 26, 1861 ; M. O. Nov. 
29, 1864. 

Pope, George. Served 3 yrs. 2 mos. 24 dys. ; b. Boston ; age, 
19; private Co. F, 44th Mass.; M. I. Aug 29, 1862; M. O. 
Apr. 16, 1863, as Corpl. Second enl. : Capt. 54th Mass. ; M. 
I. May 13, 1863 ; M. O. Aug. 20, 1865, as Lieut. Col. 

Priest, Benjamin L. Served 2 yrs. 3 mos. 25 dys. ; b. Har- 
vard; age, 34; private Co. M, 21st Ind. Hv. Art. ; M. I. Sept. 
19, 1863; M. O.Jan. 14, 1866. 

Priest, Charles H. Served 10 mos. i day; b. Harvard; 
age, 20; private Co. K, 5th Mass.; M. I. Sept. i, 1862; M. O. 
July 2, 1863. 

Priest, George E. Served 2 yrs. 5 mos.; b. Watertown; 
age, 20; private Co. C, 53d Mass. ; M. I. Nov. 25, 1862; M. O. 
Sept. 2, 1863, as Second Lieut. Second enl. : First Lieut. 57tb 
Mass. ; M. L Nov. 7, 1863 ; M. O. June 30, 1865. 

QyiNLAN, Thomas. Served 5 mos. 24 dys. ; b. Lubec, Me. ; 
age, 20; landsman U. S. Navy ; M. L Aug. 7, 1862; M. O. Jan. 
31, 1863. 

Regan, John. Served 3 yrs ; b. Galway, Ire. ; age, 28 ; pri- 
vate Co. I, 3d U. S. Inf.; M. I. July 25, 1864; M. O. July 25, 
1867. 

Richardson, Thomas. Served 2 yrs. 2 mos. 26 dys. ; b. Wa- 
tertown ; age, 25; private Co. H, ist Mass. Cav. ; M. I. Aug. 11, 
1862; M. O. Nov. 7, 1864. 

Roach, William F. Served 7 mos. 27 dys. ; b. Manchester, 
N. H. ; age, 25; private 13th Mass. Battery; M.I.Nov, i, 1864; 
M. O. June 28, 1865. 

Robbins, Dexter A. Served 3 mos. 15 dys. ; b. Brimfield, 
N. T- ; age, 17; private Co. B, 2d N. J.; M. I. Mar. 26, 1865; 
M. b. July II, 1865. 



Pos^Si, G.A. R. 227 

RoBBiNS,JoHN. Served 3 mos. iS dys. ; b. Sout\ioridge ; age, 
43; private Co. B, 2d N. J. ; M. I. Mar. 23, 1S65; M. O. July 
II, 1865. 

RoBBiNS, John L. Served i yr. 5 mos. ; b. Nashua, N. H. ; 
age, 20; private Co. F, ist Massl! Hv. Art.; M. I. Jan., 1864; M. 
O. June 15, 1865. 

Roberts, William. Served 7 mos. ; b. Birmingham, Eng. ; 
age, 17; private Co. I, loth N. Y. Cav. ; M. I. Dec, 1864; M. 
O. July 19, 1865, as First Sergt. 

Robinson, George F. Served i yr. 5 mos. 24 dys. ; b. Bos- 
ton ; age, 25 ; private Co. H, i6th Mass. ; M. I. June 29, 1861 ; 
M. O. Dec. 23, 1S62 ; w^ounded in left thigh. 

Russell, James F. Served 3 yrs. 11 mos. 17 dys.; b. Wa- 
tertown ; age, 27; private Co, G, ist Mich. ; M. i. July 5, 1861 ; 
M. O. June 23, 1865, as First Sergt. ; wonnded in shoulder and 
back. 

Russell, Jeremiah H. Served 3 mos. 25 dys. ; b. Water- 
town ; age, 16; private Co. K, 5th Mass. ; M. I. Sept. 19, 1862; 
M. O. Jan. 14, 1863. 

Sanborn, George H. Served 6 mos. 22 dys. ; b. Loudon, 
N. H. ; age, 17; private Co. B, 12th N. H. ; M. I. Aug. 15, 
1862; M. O. Mar. 7, 1863. 

Sands, John S. Served i yr. i mo. 23 dys.; b. England; 
age, 17; cook, U. S. Navy ; M. I. May 20, 1863; M. O.July 13, 
1864. 

Seldon, John S. Served 3 mos. 10 dys. ; b. Bristol, Eng. ; 
age, 22 ; private Co. B, 6th Mass. ; M. I. Apr. 22, 1861 ; M. O. 
Aug. 2, 1861. 

Shaw, Jackson H. Served 9 mos. 6 dys.; b. Exeter, Me.; 
age, 41 ; private Co. B, 6ist Mass. ; M. I. Aug. 30, 1864; M. O. 
June 6, 1865, as Corpl. 

Shaw, Linus A. Served 2 yrs. 2 mos. 11 dys.; b. Carver; 
age, 23 ; private Co. K, 3d Mass. ; M. L Apr. 17, 1861 ; M. O. 
July 17, 1861, as Sergt. Second enl. : Sergt. Co. C, i8th Mass.; 
M.I. Sept. 17, 1861 ; M. O. Aug. 28, 1863; wounded in leg. 

Shaw, Orlando H. Served 11 mos. 5 dys.; b. Middleboro : 
age, 34; Sergt. Co, C, 4th Mass.; M. L Sept. 23, 1862; M. O. 
Aug. 28, 1863. 

Siebold, Christian. Served 5 yrs. 2 mos. 15 dys.; b. Ger- 
many; age, 31 ; private Co. A, 2d Penn. Hv. Art. ; M. I. Sept. 
3, 1862; M. O.Nov. 17, 1864, as Capt. Co. G. Second enl.: 
private Ord. Dept. ; M. I.Jan. 2, 1865; M. O. Jan. 2, 1868, as 
First Sergt. 

Skinner, Hiram D. Served 3 yrs. i. mo. 6 dys.; b. Med- 
way; age, 21 ; private Co. K, 23d Mass. ; M. I. Sept. 7, 1861 ; 
M. O. Oct. 13, 1864. 



228 Watertown^s Military History. 

Smith, Charles W. Served 2 yrs. 5 mos. 23 dys. ; b. Win- 
throp, Me.; age, 22; private Co. A, 19th Me.; M. I. Dec. 28, 
1863; M. O. June 21, 1866, as Corpl. 

Smith, D. C. Served i yr. i mo. 5 dys.; b. Waltham; age, 
25 ; private Co. I, 44th Mass. ; M. T. Aug. 28, 1862 ; M. O. June 
iS, 1S63. Second enl. : private Co. A, 6th Mass. ; M. I. July 12, 
1864; M. O. Oct. 27, 1864. 

Smith, Guy. Served 10 mos. 26 dys. ; b. Brookfield, Vt. ; 
age, 24; private Co. I, 13th Vt. ; M. I. Aug. 25, 1862; M. O. 
July 21, 1863, as Qiiar. Mas. Sergt. 

Smith, Henry. Served i yr. 4 mos. 7 dys.; b. Nottingham, 
Eng. ; fireman U. S. Navy; M. I. Aug. 11, 1864; M. O. Dec. 
18, 1865. 

Smith, James H. Served 3 yrs. 25 dys. ; b. St. John's, N. B. ; 
age, 25; private Co. K, i6th Mass; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; M. O. 
July 27, 1S64. 

Snodgrass, Ansel. Served 2 yrs. 8 mos. ; b. Jefferson Co., 
Ind. ; age, 16; private Co. B, 3d Ind. Cav. ; M. I. Dec. 7, 1862 ; 
M. O. Aug. 7, 1865. 

Spring, Nicholas J. Served 8 mos. 24 dys. ; b. Dublin, Ire. ; 
age, 18; musician, 3d Brigade, 3d Div. 24th Corps; M. I. Feb. 
18, 1865; M. O. Nov. 12, 1865. 

Stearns, Samuel F. Served 3 yrs. 8 mos. ; b. Lynn ; age, 
21 ; Sergt. Co. K, i6th Mass. ; M. I. July 2, 1861 ; M. O. July 
I, 1864; wounded in left shoulder. Served later in ist Frontier 
Cav. 

Stevens, W. Henry. Served i yr. 8 mos. 23 dys. ; b. Strat- 
ham, N. H. ; age, 17 ; private Co. L, 2d Mass. Hv. Art. ; M. I. 
Dec. 10, 1863 ; M. O. Sept. 3, 1865. 

Stratton, Homer R. Served 3 yrs. 6 mos-. 25 dys. ; b. Han- 
cock, Me. ; age, 20; private Co. K, 17th Mass. ; M. I. Apr. 30, 
1861 ; M. O. Apr. 17, 1863. Second enl. : Sergt. Co. B, 2d Me. 
Cav. ; M. I. Nov. 23, 1863 ; M. O. July i, 1865, as Sergt. 

Swift, George. Served 7 mos. ; b. Lakeville, Mich. ; age, 
18; private Co. C, 56th Mass. ; M. I. Aug., 1863; M. O. Mar., 
1864. 

Teele, George E, Served 3 yrs. 2 mos. 23 dys. ; b. Med- 
ford; age, 17; private Co. E, 5th Mass. ; M. I. Apr. 17, 1861 ; 
M. O. June 8, 1861. Second enl.: private Co. I, 19th Mass.; 
M. I. July 26, 1 861 ; M. O. Aug. 28, 1864, as Corpl. 

Thomas, Arad. Served 2 yrs. 7 mos. 26 dys. ; b. Dartmouth; 
age, 17; private Co. C, i8th Mass.; M. I. Sept. 12, 1861 ; M. O. 
Sept. 25, 1862. Second enl.: private Co. D, 4th Cav.; M. I. 
Jan. 4, 1864; M. O. Aug. 17, 1865. 

Thomas, Fred A. Served 3 mos. 12 dys.; b. Middleboro; 
age, 17; private 19th unattached Co. Mass. Vols. ; M. I. Aug. 4, 
1S64; M. O.Nov. 16, 1864. 



Post 8i, G.A.R. 229 

Thurston, Charles S. Served 2 yrs. 10 mos. 26 dys. ; b. 
Boston; U. S. N. ; M. I. Aug. 13, 1862; M. O. July 9, 1S65, as 
Ensign. 

Thwing, Charles G. Served 2 yrs. 2 mos. ; b. Kennebec, 
Me. ; age, 28 ; Corpl. Co. C, ist Me. Cav. ; M. I. Sept. 25, 1861 ; 
M. O. Nov. 25, 1863, as Corpl. 

TiLLSON, Hiram B. Served 3 mos. 10 dys. ; b. Carver ; age, 
21 ; private Co. K, 3d Mass. ; M. I. Apr. 16, 1861 ; M. O. July 
26, 1861. 

ToLMAN, Alvin F. Served 10 mos. i day; b. Camden, Me. ; 
age, 26; landsman U. S. Navy; M. I. Aug. 25, 1864; M. O. 
June 26, 1S65. 

TowLK, Charles J. Served 3 yrs. ; b. Exeter, N. H. ; age, 
15; sailor U. S. Navv; M. I. Sept. 24, 1861 ; M. O. Sept. 24, 
1864. 

TowNSEND, Rev. Luther T. Served i yr. ; b. Orono, Me. ; 
age, 24; private Co. H, i6th N. H. ; M. I. Sept. 26, 1862; M. 
O. Sept., 1863, as Adjt. 

Tripp, David F. Served 3 yrs. i mo. 14 dys. ; b. Temple, 
Me.; age, 31 ; private Co. E, 13th Me.; M. I. Dec. 10, 1861 ; 
M. O. Jan. 24, 1865, as Corpl. 

Trundy, C. a. Served 9 mos. 3 dys. ; b. Wiscasset, Me. ; 
age, 17; private Co. G, 7th Me.; M. I. Aug. 7, 1861 ; M. O. 
May 10, 1862 ; 

Tyghe, Joseph. Served 9 mos.; b. Watertown ; age, 18; 
private Co. K, 5th Mass. ; M, I. Oct. 2, 1862 ; M. O. July 2, 
1863. 

Waite, Curtis M. Served i yr. 7 mos. 25 dys. ; b. London- 
derry, Vt. ; age, 22 ; private Co. L, 2d Mass. Hv. Art. ; M. I. 
Jan. 8, 1864; M. O. Sept. 3, 1865. 

Walker, N. O. Served 8 mos. 4 dys. ; age, 24; private Co. 
H, 3d Mass.; M. I. Oct. 22, 1862; M. O. June 26, 1863, as 
Corpl. 

Wallace, Samuel. Served i yr. 7 dys. ; b. England ; age, 
40; private Co. B, 53d Mass.; M. I. Aug. 25, 1862; M. O. Sept. 
2. 1863. 

Waterhouse, Fred L. Served 2 yrs. i mo. 15 dys. ; b. 
Searsport, Me.; age, 23; private Vet. Res. Corps; M. I. July 
19, 1862; M. O. Sept. 4, 1864. 

Webber, Charles H. Served 3 yrs. 1 1 mos. ; b. Knox, Me. ; 
age, 18; private Co. I, X4th Me. ; M. I. Dec, 1861 ; M. O. Nov. 
15, 1865, Co. F, I St U. S. Art. 

Welch, John. Served 3 yrs. ; b. Boston ; age, 13 ; boy U. S. 
Navy; M. L Aug. 21, 1861 ; M. O. Aug. 21, 1864, as ord. tea- 
man. 



230 Watertown's Military History. 

Westerfikld, Henry. Served 9 mos. 24 dys. ; b. New Dur- 
ham, N. J. ; age, 21 ; private Co. K, 22d N. J.; M. I. Sept. i, 
1862 ; M. O. June 25, 1863. 

White, Charles C. Served 2 yrs. 11 mos.; b. Plympton ; 
age, 18; private Co. G, 38th Mass. ; M. I. Aug. 13, 1862 ; M. O. 
July 13, 1S65, as Sergt. 

White, Charles W. Served r yr. 5 mos. 9 dys. ; b. Boston ; 
age, 17; drummer Co. A, 35th Mass.; M. I. June 16, 1862; M. 
O. Nov. 25, 1863. 

WiLLEY, Anni L. Served 4 mos. i day ; b. Canada ; age, 17 ; 
private Co. A, 8th Mass.; M. I. July 9, 1864; M. O. Nov. 10, 
1864. 

Willie, Peter. Served 2 mos. 5 dys.; b. Suffolk, Va.; pri- 
vate Co. B, 54th Mass. ; M. I. Mar. 7, 1865 ; M. O. May 12, 1865. 

Wilson, Charles H, Served 9 mos. 17 dys.; b. Nova Sco- 
tia; age, 32; private Co. B, 44th Mass.; M. I. Sept. i, 1862; 
M. O. June 18, 1863. 

Worth, Alonzo K. Served 4 yrs. ; b. Boston ; age, 25 ; pri- 
vate Co. K, i6th Mass. ; M. I, July 2, 1861 ; M. O. July 2, 1865, 
as Sergt. 

Worth, Charles S. Served i yr. 9 mos. 22 dys. ; b. East Bos- 
ton ; age, 20; private Co. I. 8th Me.; M. I. Aug. 22, 1S63; M. 
O.June 12, 1865, as Sergt. 

Young, George U. Served i yr. 4 mos. 23 dys. ; b. Eng- 
land; age, 18; private Co. K, 31st Mass. ; M. I. Feb. 16, 1864; 
M. O. July 9, 1865. 



Notes About Post 81. 

One of the valued mementoes of a troublous vv^ar career is a 
pine tree stump, about eight inches in diameter and three feet 
long, which occupies a place in Grand Army Hall, and bears the 
following inscription : 

" Presented to Isaac B. Patten 
Post 81, G.A.R., by Francis 
Kendall, Esq. 
From the Battlefield of Chicamauga." 

Two solid shot, each about three inches in diameter, and a piece 
of shattered shell, are imbedded in the stump, grim reminders of 
the day when Death sent his messengers forth from the cannon's 
mouth and the field was red with human blood. 

Another remarkable keepsake is an old musket, on the stock of 
which is marvellously well carved the following story of the war: 

" This old U. S. Musket was captured at the Battle of Roanoke 
Island, Feb. 8, 1862, by R. T. Woodward of the 21st Regiment 



Postal, G. A. R. 231 

Mass. Volunteers, from a Louisiana Rebel, after the capture of Fort 
Barton, and while following up the enemy's retreat. At the time 
of wrenching it from the grasp of the wounded Rebel, I per- 
ceived that the bayonet was still fresh with Union blood, the 
marks of which are to be seen at the present time. Presented to 
G. W. Tomlinson,Jan. 12, 1863, at the city of Boston, Mass. 
This carving was done by the above soldier with a common pen- 
knife." On another section of the gunstock is curiously outlined 
the following : 

"The Heroes of our Country: Gen. Geo. Washington, Gen. 
Warren, Gen. Halleck, Gen. Burnside, Gen. Butler, Gen. Hook- 
er and Gen. McClellan." 

It will be noticed that the above was inscribed in 1863 and 
1863. Since then time and the fruits of war have revised this 
soldier's list of Heroes, making conspicuously brilliant the names 
of Grant, Sherman and Sheridan as Generals, and wreathing in 
a fame that shall be immortal the name of Abraham Lincoln our 
martyred President. 

On the 19th of April, 1875, a cold, blustering day, some 700 
people from Watertown visited Concord and Lexington, to cele- 
brate the centennial anniversary of the " Concord Fight." Post 
81 sent its comrades, there were 60 descendants of the Revolution- 
ary Minute Men, and 40 members of the Watertown School 
Guard. 

Watertown observed the one hundredth anniversary of the sign- 
ing of the Declaration of Independence by a parade of Antiques 
and Horribles, with unique local features, the morning of July 4, 
1876. Later there was a civic parade, in which Post 81 partici- 
pated, in company with the town officers, fire department and 
school children. An oration was given by Rev. Joseph F. Lov- 
ering, a member of the Post and pastor of the First Parish Uni- 
tarian Church of Watertown. 



Photograph of Post 81. 

The year was 1900, the occasion Memorial Day, when the Isaac 
B. Patten Post 81 lined up in the square opposite Grand Army 
Hall, at the junction of Mount Auburn and Main Streets. At 
the extreme front stands Commander Thomas F. Holmes. A few 
paces back of him may be seen, at the left, Senior Vice-Com- 
mander George E. Jepson ; at centre, near the flag. Adjutant 
William H. Benjamin ; at the right. Junior Vice-Commander 
Linus A. Shaw. The color-bearer, William O. Gurley, cannot 
be seen, as he is placed back of the commander. The members 
of the Post form a line farther back, and are distinguished by 
their white belts. Beginning at the left of the line of white belts 
they may be recognized by the following names : — 



232 



Wateriown^s Military History. 



John Welch, 
David F. Tripp, 
Fred A. Thomas, 
Andrew Goodwin, 
Alvin F. Tolman, 
Thomas G. Banks, 

Associate Citizen member, 
Rev. I. H. Packard, 

Chaplain of the Day, 
Albert Melvin, 
Albert Perkins, 
Horace W. Otis, 

at right of Sen. Vice, 
Thomas R. Butler, 
Leonidas S. Cleveland, 
John L. Robbins, 
Thomas Quinlan, 



William Burke, 
Benjamin H. Dow, 
George F. Robinson, 
Isaac H. Dyer, 
Charles W. Smith, 
Joseph Bright, 

at right of Commander, 
Jeremiah H. Russell, 
Philip Conneally, 
Albert H. Hartwell, 
Robert E. Lassman, 
James H. Arnold, 
Charles J. Towie, 

at right of Jun. Vice, 
Nelson Hill, 
Dexter Robbins. 



Back of the Post stand members of Camp 29, Sons of Veterans ; 
while at the extreme left one or two members of the band are 



seen. 



The background is of intei"est, and a portion of it quite attrac. 
tive. The first story of the plain gable-roofed structure at thg 
left was used for many years as a harness shop by Thomas Patten 4 
father of Isaac B. Patten. At the right, in the shade of majestic 
elm trees, is the house formerly occupied by Dr. Luther B. Morsel 
a respected physician. Since his death it has been the home o 
his family. 

Seventy years ago Dr. Convers Francis, Unitarian clergyman, 
dwelt there. He was the last one to preach in the old First Parish 
Church edifice, at the corner of Mount Auburn and Common 
Streets, the structure wherein the Provincial Congress met during 
Revolutionary times. 

At the right, still farther, is the Charles River and the old Town 
Landing. 



Sons of Veterans. 

The first name chosen for a Camp of the Sons of Veterans, in 
Watertown, was that of Arthur B. Fuller io3, and for a few 
years it bore the designation. On April 17, 1894, however, it was 
constituted under a new name, which it still holds, and seems 
likely to retain, as it is the same as that of the Grand Army Post 
81, whose strength it supplements. It is now called the Isaac B. 
Patten Camp 29, Sons of Veterans, which had the following list 
of charter members : — 



S. Ellis Ripley, 
David A. S. Barker, 
Charles W. Benjamin, 



John H. Holt, 
Edward E. Howard, 
Joseph R. Parlin, 



The Sons of Veterans. 



233 



Orrin R. Hatch, 
Frank S. Tolman, 
Charles G. Ham, 
Charles A. Worth, 
Arthur F. Gray, 
Henry R. Skinner, 



Albion H. Hodsdon, 
Percy Shurlleff, 
Herbert Goding, 
A. L. Howard, 
A. F. Nutting, 
Ira T. Curtis. 



Regular meetings have been held semi-monthly. The prelimi- 
nary meeting occurred March 23, 1894, at which a committee was 
appointed to arrange for organization. On March 26, Division 
Mustering Officer H. F. Williams was in attendance to muster 
in the charter members. The following officers were chosen : — 



Commander - - - 
Senior Vice-Commander 
Junior " " 

Camp Council 



- Abraham L. Howard. 

- Charles W. Benjamin. 

- Orrin R. Hatch. 

f Charles A. Worth. 
-< Henry R. Skinner. 
( S. Ellis Ripley. 



The Camp has used the G. A. R. Hall for its gatherings, which 
was natural, as many of its members are sons of the veterans of 
Post Si, and it was organized to assist in the work of the Post. 
Upon three occasions there have been joint installations of officers 
by the Post, the Camp, and the Woman's Relief Corps. 

It has joined in the Memorial Day services, assisted in the re- 
ception given to relatives of Isaac B. Patten, and has been useful 
in many ways. Its social occasions have been very enjoyable. 

The Commanders and their years of service in the position were 
as follows : — 



Abraham L. Howard - 
Charles A. Worth 
Charles VV. Benjamin - 
Thomas W. Cazmay - 
Lewis F. Barney - 
Albion H. Hodsdon 
J. Harry Kent 
Edward C. Richardson 
Hiram McGlauflin 
William H. Arnold 

List of officers for 1907 : — 

Commander 

Senior Vice-Commander 

Junior " " 

Camp Council 



1894. 
1S94. 

1895, 1896. 
1897, 1903. 
189S. 

1899, 1902. 
1900. 
1901. 

1904, 1905. 
1906. 



- William C Newcomb. 

- Ernest C. Morse. 

■ John M. Qiiinlan. 
(Walter E. Mackin. 
- Frank A. Mills. 
( Edward C. Richardson. 



234 



Watertown's Military History. 



List of members in full who joined from 1S94 to 1907 



Amesbury, Charles H. 
Arnold, William H. 
Barker, David A. S. 
Barney, Levi T. 
Barney, Lewis F. 
Benjamin, Charles W. 
Benjamin, Cyrus H. 
Benjamin, Fred A. 
Benjamin, George W. 
Butler, Frank W. 
Butler, Philip. 
Carpenter, William H. 
Cazmay, Thomas W. 
Collins, James A. 
Curtis, Ira T. 
Dean, Charles A. 
Emerson, Charles S. 
Ensign, Fred S. 
Evans, W. H. 
Follett, L. I. 
Foskett, George W., Jr. 
Coding, Herbert. 
Gray, Arthur F. 
Gregg, Walter H. 
Gurley, Henry A. 
Gurley, William O. 
Halliday, O. W. 
Ham, Charles G. 
Hatch, Orrin R. 
Herlihy, John J. 
Hill, Wilfred R. 
Hill, Woodman C. 
Hodsdon, Albion H. 
Holden, Casper B. 
Holmes, Austin H. 
Holmes, George A. 
Holmes, Luther L. 
Holt, John H. 
Howard, Abraham L. 
Howard, Edward E. 
Howard, Fred H. 
Hubbard, Herbert W. 
Jepson, George W. 
Kent, J. Harry. 
Levelley, Joseph M. 
Lyons, Thomas F. 
Lyons, William H, 



Mackin, Joseph S. 
Mackin, Walter E. 
McGinley, James A. 
McGlauflin, B. Fay. 
McGlauflin, Hiram. 
McGrath, Francis P. 
Melvin, Frank A. 
Mills, Frank A. 
Monahan, John J. 
Morse, Edward F. 
Morse, Ernest C. 
Nason, Guy H. 
Newcomb, William C. 
Nutting, Andrew F. 
Parlin, Joseph R. 
Perkins, James O. 
Perry, Frank A. 
Pillsbury, Fred S. 
Place, Arthur G. 
Prescott, W. Chester. 
Priest, Benjamin S. 
Qiiinlan, John J. 
Qiiinlan, John M. 
Richardson, Edward C. 
Ripley, S. Ellis. 
Robbins, Dexter A. 
Robbins, Harry W. 
Robbins, Henry D. 
Robbins, John W. 
Shurtleft", James A. 
Shurtleff, Perez T. 
Skinner, Henry R. 
Skinner, Volney. 
Smith, Charles E. 
Smith, Frederick E. 
Smith, George E. 
Smith, Thomas F. 
Soper, Ralph T. 
Stearns, Samuel G. 
Stewart, George H. 
Stratton, George R. 
Thayer, Samuel G. 
Tolman, Frank S. 
Tyghe, Joseph L. 
Van Arsdale, Charles D. 
Wood, Herbert S. 
Worth, Charles A. 



The Woman's Relief Corps. 235 

The Woman's Relief Corps. 
On Nov. 30, 1885, the Isaac B. Patten Relief Corps, No. 59, 
was duly constituted. It has been of very great value as an ad- 
junct to Post Si. Following is the list of charter members : 

Berry, Mary A. Patten, Mannie B. 

Burchstead, Luthera E. Patterson, Mary E. 

Burns, Mary E. Pierce, Julia A. 

Clark, Annie M. Priest, Mary W. 

Dow, Lizzie M. Rand, Clara T. 

Far well, Clara. Rand, Mary F. 

Flanders, Augusta I. Robbins, Hattie E. 

Flohr, Ellen F. Robinson, Josie M. 

Flohr, Hannah E. Robinson, Mary A. 

Forrest, Katie F. Ross, Fannie T. 

Forrest, Mary T. Russell, Caroline W. 

Foskett, Henrietta. Sanborn, Lizzie W. 

Gregg, x\nnie T. Sanborn, JMabel T. 

Harrison, Mary E. Smith, Abbie A. 

Hartwell, Abbie M. Smith, Caroline A. 

Hartwell, Ella E. Smith, Edith M. 

Howard, Annie B. Smith, Lizzie M. 

Howard, C. Odella. Snow, Nancy N. 

Johnson, Augusta A. Stearns, Carrie M. 

Johnson, Harriet M. Taylor, Jane B. 

Lamb, Mary P. Teele, Eliza M. 

Lord, Mary A. Thomas, Mary A. 

March, Josephine M. White, Mary. 

Martin, Susie E. Whitten, Margaret F. 

Moore, Lydia A. Worth, Cora A. 

Otis, Ellen S. Worth, Ellen S. 

The original officers elected, in 1SS5, were as follows: 

President - . . Mrs. Mary A. Berry. 

Sen. Vice - . - " Abbie Smith. 

Jun. Vice - - . " Lizzie M. Dow. 

Secretary - - - " Jane B. Taylor. 

Treasurer - - . " Lizzie W. Sanborn. 

Conductor ... " Eliza M. Teele. 

Guard ... " Lizzie M. Smith. 

The list of Presidents up to October, 1906: 

Mary A. Berry. Abbie A. Smith. 

Lizzie M. Dow. Anna M. Condon. 

Adell Elliot. Abbie Stone. 

Nellie Barney. Carrie B. Livermore. 

Mabel Gray. Eliza Griffin. 

Carrie Fisher. Carrie B. Livermore. 

Agnes Lydiard. Sarah M. Fish. 



236 



Waterto'wn^s Military History. 



Following are the names of 
is the oldest member. With 
designated, the prefix to each 

Arnold, Josie M. 
Barker, Sarah A. 
Barney, Nellie F. 
Berry, Sarah. 
Bigelow, Edith M. 
Brackett, Lilla B. 
Bridges, Lydia A. 
Bright, Miss Emma. 
Brock, Laura. 
Broughton, Ellen E. 
Brown, Emma. 
Bugbee, S. Grace W. 
Butters, Lucinda. 
Clark, Grace. 
Cleveland, M. Alice. 
Dailey, Mary. 
Dean, Nettie. 
Dimick, Lizzie G. 
Dyer, Sarah. 
Farnham, Alice M. 
Fish, Sarah M. 
Fisher, Miss Carrie A. 
Flohr, Hannah E. 
Fowle, Rebecca B. 
Gardner, Annie M. 
Gerry, Mary L. 
Gray, Mabel S. 
Gregg, Annie J. 
Griffin, Eliza S. 
Harrison, Mary E. 
Hartwell, Ella E. 
Hayward, Dora. 
Holmes, Bessie. 
Howard, Bertha. 
Howard, E. 
Jarvis, Augusta J. 
Jarvis, Miss Grace. 
Johnson, Harriet M. 
Kent, S. E. 
Lewis, Elizabeth. 
Livermore, Annie E. 



members in 1906. Mary A. Lord 
the exception of those otherwise 
name should be Mrs. : 

Livermore, Carrie B. 
Lord, Mary A. 
Lydiard, Agnes. 
March, Josephine M. 
Mason, Abby M. 
Mayo, Alice A. 
McGlauflin, Margaret. 
McLauthlin, Mary. 
McNamee, Miss Mabel. 
McNamee, Miss Marion. 
Morris, Lydia. 
Newcomb, Addle. 
Otis, Ellen S. 
Parsons, Clara B. 
Parsons, Mildred. 
Patten, Miss Mannie B. 
Patterson, Christina. 
Patterson, Mary E. 
Pierce, Julia A. 
Pillsbury, Mary E. 
Polechio, Hattie F. 
Pond, Elsie F. 
Priest, Mary W. 
Putnam, Jennie. 
Quinland, Miss Margaret. 
Robbins, Hattie E. 
Robinson, Mary A. 
Rollins, Adelaide H. 
Ross, Miss Dr. Lydia. 
Sanger, Hanna S. 
Smith, Lizzie M. 
Soper, Agnes. 
Stewart, Sophie. 
Stone, Abbie H. 
Thomas, Mary A. 
Tilson, Hannah. 
Warren, Elizabeth, 
Weit^r, Miss Louise. 
Wheeler, Lulu B. 
Whitton, Margaret E. 
Wilson, Margaret. 



The nature of the organization is clearly set forth in the follow- 
ing statement, made by one of its ex-presidents, Mrs. Carrie B. 
Livermore : 



The Woman's Relief Corps. 237 

The work of the Corps, done in as quiet a manner as possible, 
is mostly that of relief; that is, assisting veterans, or any of their 
dependent ones, either with money or food ; administering to them 
during sickness ; furnishing clothing, and often, with the help of 
the Post, finding a place for them at the Chelsea Soldiers' Home. 

The Corps, on two occasions, has presented the Post with a 
very large silk flag; and also, quite recently, has presented the 
Camp, Sons of Veterans, with a similar one. 

The Corps has full charge of the soldiers' lot in the Common 
Street Cemetery; it has had shipped from Washington, through 
the government, markers of marble for all the graves in the lot. 
We hope soon to give the lot a fitting memorial. 

During the last few years the work of patriotic teaching in our 
public schools has been taken up ; not only here, by our Corps, 
but by the various Corps all over the State. We have been in- 
strumental in placing in every school room a large silk flag ; and 
it is the custom for each school to salute it every morning. This 
was done at an expense of nearly seventy-five dollars. We are 
now at work raising funds with which to purchase flags for all 
the rooms in the new school buildings; and we hope soon to over- 
come the seeming scruples, and have placed in every i"oom, also, 
olographs of the Declaration of Independence, and Origin of the 
Stars and Stripes. 

The Corps has, in the Soldiers' Home, a room, which it keeps 
well furnished and supplied with the necessary articles, such as 
bedding, towels and all else that is required. We have just pro- 
vided the room with a large easy chair for its occupants. 

Every year we present the Post with the sum of fifty dollars, 
to be used by its members as they see fit. 

Memorial Day finds us busy in assisting with flowers for deco- 
rating the graves and monuments; and we also furnish for the 
veterans a substantial lunch near the close of the day, at an ex- 
pense of thirty dollars, or more. 

The Corps stands ready to respond heartily to all calls, and en- 
deavors in every way to help in the work of charity. 

It may be reasonable to add to Mrs. Livermore's story, that the 
Corps is a thoroughly social organization, among its own mem- 
bers, and takes delight in the good work it is doing. 



WATERTOWN CHAPTER, D. A. R. 



' The Daughters of the American Revolution are well worthy of 

consideration in a Military History. Descendants of those men 
who took an active part in establishing by force of arms our free 
Republic, it is their purpose to keep clearly defined in the restless, 
busy, modern mind the recollection and value of those great en- 
deavors. Disciples and lovers of peace, they are not unmindful 
of the necessity for the sacrifices by which an honorable peace has 
been secured. They have been instrumental in the permanent 
marking of historic sites, and have preserved from destruction and 
decay the Old South Church, and Paul Revere's Boston home on 
Hanover street, as well as other buildings of interest in connec- 
tion with important Revolutionary events. 

The Watertown Chapter, D.A.R., was organized on Jan. lo, 
1898, by Mrs. Alice M. Silsbee, the first meetings to consider the 
matter being held at her home. There were 27 charter members, 
and the membership was limited to 50. The charter was pre- 
sented in 1 901 by Miss Helen M. Winslow, the State Regent. 
Meetings have been held monthly from October to March. 

In July, 1898, the Chapter sent clothing and other articles for 
the use and comfort of the soldiers engaged in the Spanish War. 
It was active in forming a branch of the Volunteer Aid Association. 

The Chapter has from its funds contributed in aid of Memorial 
Continental Hall; the public schools of Galveston, Texas; the 
Art Fund of the public schools in Watertown ; the restoration of 
the Royall House at Medford; the Roger Wolcott Memorial 
Fund; the Watertown Drinking Fountain Fund; and Isaac B. 
Patten Post, G.A.R. 

The history of the Chapter is replete with interesting and in- 
structive gatherings. Its members have prepared many historical 
and genealogical papers, and have been active and alive in their 
duties, with the result, that the Chapter has had a large influence 
and usefulness in the community. 

The work of placing memorial tablets in diflerent parts of the 
town had already been done by the Watertown Historical Society 
before the Chapter was formed. 

Since its organization the Chapter has had four Regents : Mrs. 
Alice M. Silsbee, who served two } ears ; Miss M. Caroline Wilson, 
who resigned after one month's service; Mrs. Bennett F. Daven- 



Wateriown Chapter^ D. A. R. 



239 



port, who held the office for three years, and Mrs. Herbert E. 
Davidson. 



List of Cliarter members : 

Mrs. Susan W. Allen Alden, Mrs. 

" Agnes W. Andrews, Miss 

" Mary A. Benvon, Mrs. 

" Caroline M. Conant, Miss 

" Martha J. Coolidge, " 

" Mattie E. Crawford, Mrs. 

" Annie E. Davenport, " 

" Helen F. Davidson, " 

" Sarah C. Davidson, " 

" Mabelle W. Dickinson, " 

" Caroline B. Elvin, Miss 

" Caroline W. Hillman, " 

" Mary D. Mead, Mrs. 

" Julia F. Morse, 



Ellen S. Otis, 
Sarah H. Otis, 
Daisy G. Potter, 
Mabel Eaton Priest, 
Addie L. Rice, 
Harriette E. B. Rogers, 
Emma C. Rugg, 
Alice M. Silsbee, 
Mabel R. Tabor, 
Mary A. White, 
Bial W. Willard, 
M. Caroline Wilson, 
Mary D. Woodward. 



The original list of officers chosen in 1898 : 

Regent, Mrs. Alice M. Silsbee. 
Vice " " Harriette E. B. Rogers. 

Rec. Sec, Miss M. Caroline Wilson. 

Cor. " Mrs. Mattie E. Crawford. 
Treasurer, " Mabel W. Dickinson. 

Registrar, Miss Bial W. Willard. 

Historian, Mrs. Annie E. Davenport. 

In the list following, comprising the membership of the Chapter 
in 1907, are presented also the names of the Revolutionary an- 
cestors of members : 



Members. 
Mrs. Agnes W. Andrews. 
" Mary A. Benjon. 
" LucindaW. R. Cavendar. 



Miss Lydia A. R. Ceiley. 
Mrs. Caroline M. Conant. 



E. A. R. Conant. 

E. B. Conant. 
Mattie E. Crawford. 



Miss Etta P. Dadmun. 
Mrs. Annie E. Davenport. 



Ancestors. 
John Doughty. 

Abraham F. Rogers. 
Francis Faulkner. 
Ephraim Brown. 
Amos Wright. 
David Fairbanks. 
David Melvin. 
Samuel Melvin. 
John Heard. 
Thomas Rand. 
James Kennard. 
Jonathan Bancroft. 
Joseph Coolidge. 
Joseph Sturtevant. 
Lot Sturtevant. 
Philemon Priest. 
Joseph Coolidge. 
Joseph Sturtevant. 
Lot Sturtevant. 



Place of Enlistment. 
Unknown. 

Acton. 

Concord. 

Dedham. 
Concord. 



Rye, N. H. 
Eliot, Me. 
Pepperell. 
Watertown. 
Wareham. 

Harvard. 

Watertown. 

Wareham. 



240 



Wafertown's Military History. 



Miss Grace C. Davenport. 



Mrs. Sarah C. Davidson. 



Mabelle W. Dickinson. 
Lena F. Hawes. 

Deborah G. Home. 
Annie L. Huntress. 
Josephine N. March. 
Mary D. Mead. 
Clara L. Monks. 
Julia F. Morse. 
Marion D. Murdock. 



" Ellen S. Otis. 
" Lucy M. Piper. 
" Daisy G. Potter. 
" May T. Read. 
Miss Addie L. Rice. 



Mrs. Harriette E. B. Rogers. 
" Adelaide H. Rollins. 
" Emma C. Rugg. 



Alice M. Silsbee. 
Bertha H. Snow. 



" Abbie C. Stearns. 
Miss Elise Stone. 
Mrs. Josie H. Stone. 

" Georgianna P. Tower. 

" Mary A. White. 

" Minetta J. Whitney. 

" Alice L. Wilson. 



Joseph Coolidge. 
Joseph Sturtevant. 
Lot Sturtevant. 
William Hagar. 
Benjamin Davenport. 
Joseph Coolidge. 
Joseph Sturtevant. 
Lot Sturtevant. 
Samuel Walker. 
Roland Littlefield. 
Abijah Greenwood. 
Pyam Cushing. 
George Peck. 
Samuel Barnard. 
Jonathan Dearborn. 
Moses Lufkin. 
Edward Harrington. 
Joseph Coolidge. 
Joseph Sturtevant. 
Lot Sturtevant. 
Ambrose Bates. 
Roger Merrill. 
Moses Gray. 
Peter Tower. 
James Barrett ist. 
James Barrett 2d. 
Nathan Barrett. 
John Britton. 
Abraham Whitney. 
Joseph Coolidge. 
Joseph Sturtevant. 
Lot Sturtevant. 
Moses Gray. 
Samuel Home. 
Samuel Sanger ist. 
Samuel Sanger 2d. 
Morgan Lewis. 
David Stone. 
Charles Mather. 
Nathan Betts. 
Philip Lord, Jr. 
John Doughty. 
Samuel Osgood. 
Moses Lufkin. 



Watertown. 
Wareham. 

Waltham. 
Dedham. 
Watertown. 
Wareham. 

Shirley, 

Scituate. 

Hubbard ston. 

Hingham. 

Peer County, R. I. 

Watertown. 

Chester, N. H. 

Gloucester. 

Watertown. 

Wareham. 

Cohasset. 

Newbury. 

Tewksbury. 

Hingham. 

Concord. 



Easton. 
Watertown. 

Wareham. 

Tewksbury. 
Southboro. 



Sandford, Me. 
Newton. 

Torringford, Ct. 
(( (( 

Ipswich. 
Unknown. 
Gilmanton, N. H. 
Gloucester. 



As an honorary member appears one " Real Daughter," Mrs. 
Susan W)'eth Sawin Nash. 

The meetings are held at the residences of members, and are 
/ery pleasant socially as well as of instructive merit. 







-1 



0^ 



^ 



i 











■^ 5 




4 R4"€.^ 







-< 



G 



^^^ 



WATERTOWN WOMEN OF 1861-1865. 



On a Sunday morning, July 31, 1862, the church services were 
in full progress, when there came a sudden interruption. The 
sanctity of the occasion was seemingly disturbed by the noise of 
a galloping horse. A moment later the rider brought his alarm- 
ing message to the startled congregation. There had occurred a 
dreadful battle on the two preceding days ; the Battle of Manassas, 
or Second Bull Run. He, with other messengers, had been sent 
out to notify the people that there was an immediate and pressing 
need of hospital supplies for the wounded soldiers. 

All of the Watertown Churches at once suspended services. 
The Women of the town assembled in a body at the Town Hall, 
and there, assisted by the men and the children in such ways as 
possible, spent that Sabbath day in preparing lint, bandages, and 
such other stores as were considered desirable, to be forwarded as 
speedily as possible to the vicinity of the late battle. 

It is notable to record that, as Massachusetts men were the first 
to respond to the President's call for troops ; so to Massachusetts 
women is due the honor of sending, at the earliest moment, those 
supplies so necessary for the solace, comfort, nay for the preser- 
vation of the lives of wounded soldiers in the field. 

That this is not an overdrawn story is shown by the letter from 
President Lincoln, under date of Sept. 5, 1863, in which he 
" cordially thanks the patriotic citizens of Brookline, Brighton, 
Newton, Watertown and Roxbury for the large amount of Hos- 
pital Stores, contributed for the use of the wounded soldiers of 
the United States Army." 

A copy of this letter was received by our town clerk, Wil- 
liam H. Ingraham, and is now on file in the safe at the Water- 
town Town Hall. It is reproduced by a line cut in this book. 

Nor was this the only occasion when Watertown women sent 
supplies; for while the war lasted they were constant in their 
devotion to, and service for, the Union Cause. Their hearts might 
grow faint at the loss of relatives and friends, so dear and so 
greatly missed ; but their labor of love, their efforts to relieve the 
sufferings of the sick and wounded, never ceased during that period 
of civil strife, which began in April, 1861, and did not end until 
April, 1865. 

As it was in the Civil War, so it had been in the Revolution ; 
so it reappeared in the Spanish War; and so it alwa3'S has been, 
and will continue to be; because the Women are no less loyal to 
truth and duty than are the Men ; while their love and sacrifices 
for home and country are chastened by their tears. 



THE FIRST VOLUNTEER. 



" I'm going to enlist." 

The speaker was a youth of 21 years. 

The place was Watertown. 

The time, the evening of April 17, 1861. 

The audience, a party of eight or ten young men, including one 
of the selectmen, Luke Perkins. 

Forty-six years later the story of what followed was told to the 
writer, by Sergt. Samuel F. Stearns, the aforesaid speaker, who 
was the lirst Volunteer of Watertown. Still in good health, and 
a resident of this town, his record is of interest, as it was practi- 
cally the experience of a large number of Watertown men. He said : 

" We had been up to Newton to see the Sixth Regiment pass 
on the train for Washington, in answer to President Lincoln's call 
for 75000 men. 

" There had been great excitement before, but this brought the 
matter nearer home. 

"On the evening of Apr. 23, 1861, a town meeting was held. 
The hall was well filled, there were stirring speeches by prominent 
citzens, and lots of enthusiasm, culminating in a call for volunteers. 

"I signed first, James R. Harrison second, and quite a lot fol- 
lowed suit. 

"Col. Ladd came down from Lowell and formed a militia 
company in the town hall, May 11. There had been no militia 
company in Watertown, although some of the residents belonged 
to companies elsewhere, and promptly responded when the militia 
were called out to serve for three months. 

" The town voted to board us at the Spring Hotel. We went 
into camp in tents above Mr. Lathrop's, where a week or two 
later, Co. A, of the i6th Regiment, also encamped. There we 
stayed until July 2, when we were mustered into the service 
of the United States, as Co. K, i6th Mass. Infantry. Co. K was 
made the flag company of the regiment, enlisting for three years, 
at Camp Cameron, Cambridge. 

" August 17 we started for Baltimore, where we remained three 
weeks. Thence we moved to Fortress Monroe ; from there to 
Camp Hamilton, Va., where we did camp and picket duty until 
May, 1862; then to Norfolk and Portsmouth, doing no fighting. 
The week we were in Portsmouth the Merrimac was blown up 




SAMUEL F. STEARNS, IN iS6i, 
Watertown's First Volunteer. 



The First Volunteer. 24.3 

by the Monitor. After spending a week in Suffolk, Va., we re- 
turned to Whitehouse Landing, and joined the Army of the Poto- 
mac, as a part of Hooker's Brigade. 

" A few days later we had our first fight at Fair Oaks, Va., in 
June, 1862. We stayed there until Gen. McClellan fell back to 
Harrison's Landing. Were in a fight at Glendale, Va., in which 
Col. Wyman was killed. The next day we took part in a skir- 
rriish at Malvern Hill. The regiment was also in the second bat- 
tle of Malvern Hill. 

" Next, after a brief stay at Harrison's Landing and Alexandria, 
we went down to Manassas, where we fought in the second battle 
of Bull Run. I was slightly wounded in the left shoulder. Fell 
back to Centreville ; next night were in the fight at Chantilly, where 
Gen. Carney was killed. 

"Again we fell back to Alexandria, and the regiment was re- 
ported to be unfit for duty, in August, 1862, remaining in camp 
until November. 

"We were in the battle of Fredericksburg; marched in the 
mud, under Gen. Burnside; served with Gen. Hooker in com- 
mand, in May, 1S63, at Chancellorsville. Fell back to Fredericks- 
burg, until June. 

"In the three days' battle at Gettysburg, the regiment lost 
heavily on the second day. We followed the Rebs to a skirmish 
at Front Royal, and thence to Warrenton. 

"I then was detailed to come North, to Boston and Long 
Island, in Boston Harbor, under Gen. Devens, to conduct new 
recruits to the different regiments. I was mustered out on July 
I, 1864. 

"In the following December, Thomas Hooper, one of the 
Watertown Selectmen, came into the foundry, where I was at 
work, and called for sixteen new recruits. Fifteen men said they 
would enlist if I would. 

" I joined Co. E, First Frontier Cavalry, and was sent to Og- 
densburg, N. Y., then to Malone, Champlain City, and other 
points, guarding the St. Lawrence river. After eight months' 
service, I was sent home, in August, 1S65." 

In this connection, it is well to record the character of the mili- 
tary services rendered by Co. K, the first distinctively Watertown 
Company, and the i6th Regiment, of which it formed a part. 
" Fighting Joe " Hooker expresses his opinion of the valor of its 
officers and men, in a letter to Gov. Andrew, relating to the death 
of Col. Wyman, as follows: 

Headquarters Hooker's Division^ 3^ Corps, 
Camp near Harrison's Landing", near James River, 

July 15, 1862. 
To His Excellency the Governor of Massachusetts. 

Dear Governor : I am rejoiced to be able to inform you that 
Mr. Way has been successful in his mission to our camp, and that 



244 Watertown's Military History. 

he will return this morning with the remains of Colonel Wyman. 

The Colonel, with his regiment, reported for duty with my 
Division, and at that time, it had the honor to hold the advance of 
the army on the most direct approach to the rebel capital. He 
was soon called upon to take part in our conflicts with the enemy, 
and I had soon an opportunity to know the stuff and temper of 
my new acquisition. 

History has already recorded that, with its brave Colonel at its 
head, the i6th Massachusetts was all that I could desire. 

At the battle of Glendale, where he fell, he was the personifi- 
cation of gallantry, and rendered services which will cover his 
name with renown. 

The enemy had put McCall's Division to flight, and came pour- 
ing down on my right, the extreme of which Wyman held, with all 
the ardor inspired by success, until the career of the rebels was 
arrested by those stalwart men. The success of the enemy, at 
that moment, would have destroyed the army. 

The loss of Wyman falls heavily upon me, but if the gods had 
willed that his end should be, they could not have chosen a more 
befitting time and occasion. 

He was a glorious soldier, and his death in every sense was 
that of a hero, in a holy cause. 

I am. Governor, your friend and serv't, 

Joseph Hooker, Brigadier General. 

Gen. Hooker's equestrian statue in bronze now occupies a posi- 
tion near the State House in Boston. 



CAPT. BANKS' DIARY. 



From a diary kept by Capt. Thomas G. Banks, of Watertown, 
the following items of war news were taken, all relating to occur- 
rences in 1862 : 

Saturday, Jan. 25. " The Sth N. H. Regt., and other troops, 
arrived in Boston, on their way to Fort Independence, but the 
severe storm obliged them to remain in Boston all night." 

Monday, Feb. 17. " Great Union victory at Fort Donelson." 
Saturday, Feb. 22. " I attended a drill of military clubs at 
Music Hall, Boston. The Charlestown Cadets, Jamaica Plain 
and Dyer Zouaves drilled nearly up to the standard set by the 
Chicago Cadets." 

Saturday, Mar. i. "Gen. Banks with his division moved 
across the Potomac." 

Saturday, Mar. 22. " Fight at Winchester, Va." 
Monday, May 26. " Proclamation from Gov. Andrew, calling 
for more troops ; great rush to Boston ; great excitement all over 
the country. Gen. Banks defeated, and retreated back to the Po- 
tomac." 

Monday, June 23. "Col. Parkhurst died this evening." 
Wednesday, July, i6. " Col. Cass buried at Mt. Auburn." 
Tuesday, July, 22. " Col. Wyman buried at Mt. Auburn." 
Monday, Aug. 4. " Draft for 300,000 men ordered by the 
President; great excitement." 

Friday, Aug. 29. "Col. Corcoran visited Boston; great dis- 
play." 

Saturday, Aug. 30. "Lieut. H. B. Banks was killed in battle 
near Washington." 

Sunday, Aug. 31. "News of great battle near Washington 
(Manassas, second Bull Run); messengers sent about the coun- 
try after surgeons and comforts for our wounded soldiers. No 
meetings were held in the churches of Watertown, but all ad- 
journed to the town hall to work ; great excitement." 

Wednesday, Sept. 3. " Capt. Crafts presented with officer's 
equipments." 

Monday, Sept. 8. "Went to Faneuil Hall to see the body of 
Col. Webster." 

Friday, Sept. 12. " Capt. Crafts' Co. left town for camp." 
Sunday, Sept. 21. "Went to Readville Camp with Clark, 
Sharp and Stone. Had a fine time." 



246 Watertotvn^ s Military History. 

Tuesday, Sept. 30. " Body of Capt. L. P. Thompson received 
at Cambridge. He died at Newbern, N. C." 

Sunday, Oct. 5. "Capt. Thompson buried with military and 
Masonic honors; great turnout; Boston encampment of Sir 
Knights." 

Wednesday, Oct. 15. "Drafting commenced in Boston." 

Wednesday, Oct. 22. "3rd, 5th and 44th Regiments left for 
Newbern." 

Saturday, Oct. 25. " Gen. J. H. Gage was buried at Nashua." 

Tuesday, Nov. 4. "Went to Boston with father to see Gen. 
Banks ; called on him at the Parker House." 

Wednesday, Nov. 5. "Gen. Banks left Boston with the 41st 
Regt. He had a fine escort, and started for New Orleans, to take 
Gen. Butler's place." 




THE COOLIDGE MONUMENT. 



THE COOLIDGE MONUMENT. 



A central and important feature of the oldest cemetery in Wa- 
tertown, at the corner of Mount Auburn street and Coolidge ave- 
nue, is a plain granite shaft, designated as the Coolidge Monu- 
ment, and erected to the memory of Joseph Coolidge, the Revo- 
lutionary patriot. It was dedicated on Memorial Day, May 29, 
1875, a little more than one hundred years after the battle of 
Lexington. 

Austin J. Coolidge, in behalf of the descendants, presented the 
monument to the tow^n, to receive its perpetual care. This charge 
was accepted by William H. Ingraham, chairman of the board of 
selectmen. 

The following report of the ceremonies appeared in the Water- 
town Mnterprise^ June 4, 1S75 : 

"A procession was formed on Main street and marched to the 
old cemetery. It included the town officers, the Isaac B. Patten 
Post 81, the fire department, Minute Men, School Guards, and the 
Watertown band. The monument is of granite, 18 feet high, and 
bears the following inscription : 

" 'Joseph Coolidge, born June 18, 1730; killed in the battle of 
Lexington, April 19, 1775- The only citizen of Watertown who 
fell on that day. Erected by his descendants, and presented to 
the town April 19, 1S75.' 

" The company included over 50 members of the Coolidge 
family. 

" Austin J. Coolidge, in his address, said : ' But little is known 
of the personal history of Joseph Coolidge. He was an industri- 
ous, thriving farmer ; married at the age of 23 by Rev. Seth Storer 
to Eunice, the daughter of John Stratton, by whom he had eight 
children. As a citizen he was held in high estimation. He was 
Collector for the East Precinct of the town. When the alarm came 
on April 19, 17751 he is said to have unyoked his team from the 
plow, told his wife where he had buried the town's money, taken 
his gun and powder horn, and joined a dozen or so Minute Men 
from Needham, guiding them to Lexington. He fell, mortally 
wounded, near the lower part of Lexington, his body pierced by 
three British bullets. His gun was exchanged, but the other gun 
has been kept.' 

*' Post 81 decorated the shaft with flowers." This they have 
since done on every Memorial Day. 



THE SOLDIERS' MONUMENT. 



Erected by the town in the park on Main street, near the pub- 
lic library, is the Soldiers' Monument, an attractive and appro- 
priate memorial to the men who so freely and honorably repre- 
sented Watertown in the Civil War. As early as i8Si, in his 
Memorial Day address, Rev. E. P. Wilson of Watertown, Congre- 
gational clergyman, called attention to the desirability of such a 
monument. June 29, i88i,Post8i, on motion of Comrade Hiram 
D. Skinner, appointed a committee to confer with leading citizens 
on the subject. This led in time to an appropriation by the town ; 
but it was not until eight years from its first inception that the 
memorial was completed and dedicated. 

At its annual March meeting, in 1889, the town appropriated 
$3600 for a soldiers' monument. The Board of Selectmen, and 
Comrades George E. Priest, L. S. Cleveland and Charles Q. 
Pierce, representing Post 81, were instructed to carry the vote 
into effect. This committee made a contract with the Hallowell 
Granite Co. of Maine, for the full sum appropriated, and the work 
was expeditiously pushed forward to completion. Oct. 31, 1889, 
was a gala day in Watertown, as it was the date of dedication of 
the new and beautiful monument. Business was suspended, the 
schools closed, the Town Hall and other public and private build- 
ings were gaily decorated with pictures, flags and bunting, and 
the people of this, and other, communities gathered in great num- 
bers to witness the ceremonies. 

A procession was formed on Main Street and marched through 
the principal streets of the town. In the line, headed by the po- 
lice and a band of music, with Capt. John N. Coffin as chief mar- 
shal, were the Isaac B. Patten Post, 81, with 40 men, under the 
direction of Commander M. A. Forrest; Posts 36 of Arlington, 
62 of Newton, 29 of Waltham and 92 of Brighton ; Arthur B. 
Fuller Camp, 102, Sons of Veterans, of Watertown ; Battery of 
three guns from the U. S. Arsenal; Pequossette Lodge of Free- 
masons, and Lafayette Lodge of Odd Fellows; the entire fire de- 
partment, and barouches filled with invited guests. About 350 
were in line. 

To President Lizzie M. Dow of the Woman's Relief Corps was 
assigned the honor of unveiling the memorial. Then followed the 
formal ceremonies of dedication, conducted by Commander For- 
rest, who was assisted by other officers of Post 81. 




THE SOLDIERS' MONUMENT. 



The Soldiers^ Monument. 249 

The statue of a soldier, which dominates the monument, repre- 
sents in features a former commander of a New Bedford Post. 
The position is that of " Load," the gun resting on the ground 
with muzzle held in the left hand. The front of pedestal is artis- 
tically ornamented with a carved draping of flags, cannon and 
balls, while in an oblong panel below is this inscription : 

" In Honor of the Men of 

Watertown, Who Fought 

For the Preservation of the Union." 

It is a handsome tribute made by a grateful town to its heroes. 

In the afternoon the First Parish, Unitarian, Church was throng- 
ed with soldiers and citizens, when a stirring oration on the lessons 
of the war was made by Rev. Luther T. Townsend, of Watertown, 
a member of Post 81. 

Afterwards, an excellent collation was served in the Town Hall, 
which was followed by patriotic toasts, with eloquent responses. 

Mr. Edward F. Porter, Chairman of the Selectmen, presided at 
the exercises. 



SOLDIERS' GRAVES IN WATERTOWN CEMETERIES. 



Post 8i not only decorates the graves of Watertown soldiers, 
buried in the cemeteries of this town, but by request of, and in 
exchange with, various Posts does a like service for other departed 
heroes, at the Mount Auburn Catholic Cemetery. A list is given, 
as follows, of the burials in the four distinctively Watertown cem- 
eteries. 

The oldest cemetery, at Arlington street, dating back to about 
1642, contains only one veteran of the Civil War, Fred Sherman, 
whose body is placed in a tomb at the easterly end of the grounds. 
Three Revolutionary graves are marked ; but there are doubtless 
many more which cannot be located. 

Next in order of time comes the Common Street Cemetery, es- 
tablished in 1754. This for a century and a half has been the 
principal place for local interments. It also contains the greatest 
number of soldiers' graves. 

St. Patrick's Cemetery was established in 1885, and Ridgelawn 
in 1899. 

The services not specially designated were rendered in the Civil 
War. 

Arlington Street Cemetery. 

Coolidge, Joseph . . . . . . S. A. R. 

Coolidge, Moses ....... " 

Grant, Christopher ...... " 

Sherman, Fred ....... 

Common Street Cemetery. 

Bacon, J. Otis ..... 
Barnard, Samuel, Maj., S. A. R. 
Bates, Hiram W. .... 
Berry, William, Maine Vol. 
Bridges, C. H. . 

Bright, Gilbert .... 

Bright, Nathaniel, S. A. R. 
Bright, Willard .... 
Brown, Jonathan, S. A. R. 
Burnham, Arthur .... 
Coolidge, Samuel, S. A. R. 
Crafts, Joseph, Capt 



, 




P598. 


. 


. 


O664. 


, 




M 88. 


. 


. 


193. 


. 




M 57. 


. 


. 


691. 


0685, 


no 


marker. 
O691. 


644, 


no 


marker. 
M 431. 
M 39. 
N 142. 



Soldiers^ Graves. 251 

Derby, Amos L M \Zo\. 

Fessenden, David B P 260. 

Flohr, Andrew L., G. A, R. lot . . . O 672. 

George, John, S. A. R. . . . O 645, no marker. 

Glidden, Eldridge m. 

Godding, Emalous M 70. 

Greenslit, Belden A M 69. 

Greenwood, Miles, S. A. R. . . . N 613, no marker. 

Hammond, Charles ...... M 43. 

Holbrook, John G. . . . • . N 134. 

Holmes, Irving T M 42. 

Horn, George W. Jr O 139. 

Home, W. B M 46. 

Howard, William C M451. 

Hubbard, Henry P O 246. 

Hunt, Robert O 752. 

Jackson, Antipas, War of 181 2 M 58. 

Jones, Abel M 17. 

Jones, Franklin N 569. 

Lamonte, Charles W P 261. 

Learned, Frank S. O 624. 

Learned, Helen A., army nurse . . . . N 435. 

Lenox, Charles W O 596, 

Lindley, Austin W N 550-1. 

Lindley, Dana E " 

Lord, Edward, G. A. R. lot O 672. 

Mackin, J, E. O 164. 

Mahoney, Dennis, G. A. R. lot . . . . O 672. 

Noonan, Edward « " . . . " 

Norcross Lot M 93. 

Nutting, Samuel, S. A. R. . . .0 687 no marker. 

Parrish, Lucius H., G. A. R. lot ... O 672 

Patten, Isaac B N 578. 

Perkins, Charles T O 177. 

Priest, Benjamin L. ..... . 99. 

Rand, Rev. Edward A M 225. 

Robbins, George N 589. 

Royce, Jacob G O 241. 

Royce, T. W. D P 218. 

Sanger, C. E N 437. 

Shedd, Luther A O 677. 

Smith, Eliakim, Capt., S. A. R. . . O 674, no marker. 

Smith, James H O 147. 

Smith, Thomas, G. A. R. lot . . . . O 672. 

Sprague, James M. (or Milner, Joseph F.) . . M 44. 

Sprague, Miles, Mexican War ... M 67. 

Stuart Lot M 483. 

Unknown O 733. 

White, Sarah L., army nurse . . . . N 569. 



252 Watertown's Military History. 

Whitney, B., Tomb N 579. 

Whitney, Charles M 114. 

Whitney, John O 681 

Whitney, Leonard, War of iSi 2 . . . . M 53. 

Whitney, Moses M 79. 

Young, Joseph H., G. A. R. lot . . * . O 672. 

St. Patrick's Cemetery. 

Ahearn, Maurice Post 81. 

Burke ......... 

Burns, J. M., Sergt Post 81. 

Clark, William H 

Connealy, Philip, Lt. Spanish War . 

Connealy, Philip P < Grave 34. 

Daley, Mathew ...... 

Dewyre, Andrew . . . .In W. C. Foley's lot. 

Dewyre, Daniel ...... 

Dunn, John ........ 

Flohr, Fred, S. of. V 

Leonard, William ...... 

Lucey, Michael ...... 

Mansfield, William 1262. 

McAleer, Charles, Spanish War 

McAleer, Peter ."".... 

McGrath 604. 

Roach, William F 

Robbins, Elbridge Waldron lot. 

Shugrue, Michael 329. 

Timony, John 

Ridgelaivn Cemetery. 

Baker, Calvin R 2799. 

Priest, George E 2804. 

Skinner, Hiram D. ...*.. 2831. 



WATERTOWN IN 1907. 



The population of Watertown, according to the census of 1905, 
was 11,202. In 1907, the year in which this Military History is 
being printed, it is estimated as more than 12,000; so that the 
town can, if it chooses, soon become a city. There is at present, 
however, no sentiment apparent in favor of any change in the form 
of government, either by adopting a city charter, or through an- 
nexation to other communities. There has been a rapid develop- 
ment in material affairs since i860, when the population, 3270, 
was a little more than one-fourth of what it is now. 

As the assessors value it, the town is about five times as rich as 
it was when the Civil War opened ; the number of polls has in- 
creased from 769, in i860, to 3369 in 1907; while not to be out- 
done, the tax rate has advanced from $7 per $1000 to $20.80 in 
the same period. We have many things now that did not exist 
in Watertown at that time ; some of our daily comforts and con- 
veniences had not in 1S60, nor ten, nor twenty years later, been 
pictured even on the glowing canvas of the imagination. 

As the stage coaches gave way to the horse cars, so the latter 
have been superseded by the electric trolleys along our highways. 
We have the telephone, one of the most useful of modern inven- 
tions; the automobile, a vehicle of pleasure for the well-to-do, 
and growing to be of more and moi^e service for commercial pur- 
poses. 

In association with other towns and cities of the metropolitan 
district, we enjoy an excellent system of water supply : a fine 
system of sewerage has also been secured by a similar union of 
forces. 

Three new brick school buildings, the Francis, Hosmer and 
Marshall Spring, have been erected, as well as a new Fire and 
Police station. Our manufacturing industries have developed 
wonderfully, in size and importance. Costly and attractive 
churches have arisen ; comfortable homes for the people have 
greatly multiplied. 

A matter of the greatest importance has been the work of the 
Metropolitan Park Commission, in securing control of the Charles 
river and its shores. A boulevard has been extended up to the 
town's centre, whence, in due time, it will be continued to Wal- 
tham and beyond. This very year of 1907 witnesses the con- 
struction of a new arched concrete and steel bridge, with granite 
facings and balustrades, at Galen street, spanning the Charles 
river, and built at a cost with its approaches exceeding $60,000. 

Surely " Peace hath its victories no less renowed than War." 
That this surfeit of comforts and luxuries has occasioi.cd LTicat 



254 Watertown's Military History. 

expense is also true. In order to present the striking contrast in 
municipal expense, between the years 1869 and 1906, the follow- 
ing list of appropriations has been culled from the town reports. 

The Selectmen in their report dated February, 1870, say : " The 
appropriations for the past year have been exceedingly liberal, 
manifesting a public spirit truly becoming an enlightened and 
respectable community ; and it is hoped that the expenditures 
(which, in the aggregate, have been kept within limits) will meet 
with the approval of every candid mind." 

Evidently Watertown was beginning to spend money more 
freely than for two centuries or more had been her habit. Exam- 
ination of the items below will show that if she was liberal in 
1869, she was becoming extravagant in 1906. 

Read the note of alarm in the Selectmen's report, dated Jan- 
uary 31, 1907, in a paragraph headed Financial Affairs : "This 
is a matter that should engage the serious consideration and con- 
stant watchfulness of all the citizens, particularly in regard to the 
matter of appropriations. An examination of the Treasurer's 
report indicates that our total indebtedness is $766,700 ; indebted- 
ness outside of the debt limit, $403,000 ; borrowing capacity, none. 

" During and after Watertown's first real building boom, from 
1880 to 1895, if we reflect we will discover that as a town it 
emerged in a measure from the lethargy in which it had peace- 
fully slumbered for some two hundred and fifty years. Then 
came the new beginning of large expenditures of money for im- 
provements." 

These expensive new features are enumerated in part as follows : 
Widening Mount Auburn street, at a cost of $100,000 ; purchase 
of the water system from the Watertown Water Company, $^20, 
000; the building of new brick school buildings; the widening 
of Galen street, to complete which will require an act of the Leg- 
islature in order to enable the town to borrow from $50,000 to 
$75,000 outside of the debt limit. The total cost of these items 
of extras was $900,000. 

The schedule presented below gives many new items of expense 
for the town, together with a large increase of cost in the running 
of the old-time regular departments. 

Appropriations made by the Town at the annual March meet- 
ings of 1906 and 1S69 : 



Paving and Grading for New 

Engine House . . . 

Schools - - - - - 
Highways, Bridges and Culverts 
Sidewalks and Curbing 
Watering Highways 
Fire Department - _ - 
Police " - - - - 



MA.RCH, 1906. 


March, 1869. 


$ 1,800 




5 1 ,000 


$i3>85o 


1 2 ,000 


14,500 


3^500 




6,000 




14,900 


1,300 


14,500 


2,000 



Watertown in 1907. 



255 



Public Library - - - - 
Street Lights - - - - 
Treasurer's and Collector's Bonds 


- 


$ 5^250 

11,500 

200 


$1,025 


Election Expenses 


- 


- 


500 




Assessors' Expenses - 
Legal Services - - - 


- 


- 


1,500 
600 




Cattle Inspection 


- 


- 


200 




Printing - - - - 


- 


- 


2,000 




Salaries - - - - 


- 


- 


6,700 


1,400 


Contingent - - . 


- 


- 


4,000 


1,500 


Town Hall _ - - 


- 


- 


1,000 




Health and Cemeteries 


- 


- 


9,000 


800 


House Connections, Sewer Ma 


in- 








tenance and Extensions - 


- 


. 


5,000 




Almshouse and Outside Aid 


- 


- 


8,500 


2,000 


Parks ... - 


- 


- 


1,250 




Inspection of Buildings 


- 


- 


600 




Water Department 


- 


- 


9,000 




Soldiers' Aid - 


- 


- 


700 




Insurance . . . 


- 


- 


1,000 


100 


Interest - ... - 


- 


- 


15,000 


3,000 


Armv and Navy Register - 
PostSi, G. A. R. - 


- 


- 


200 
300 


< 


Town Debt due this year - 
Gipsy and Brown Tail Moth 


- 


- 


98,700 


1,000 


Department - - - 


- 


- 


5,000 




Drainage - - - - 


- 


- 


10,000 




Sewer Extensions 


- 


- 


7,000 




Discounts and Abatements of 


Fax 


es 
Total 




2,000 




$308,900 


$44475 



It must be borne in mind that the Highway appropriation, for 
1906, included the Street Railway and Highway Tax of more 
than $20,000, the actual expenditures amounting to $34,295,30. 
Nearly $100,000 of the town debt came due in 1906, in place of 
the $1000 for 1S69; the interest on town debt required $15,000, 
even though the rate for much of the debt was only four per cent, 
while, in 1869, it was six per cent. 

The taxable acreage, in 1869, was 2,073 ' ^^ remains practically 
the same to-day, about 1900 acres. In the contrasting tax levies 
of then and now it will be noticed that while the real estate valu- 
ation has increased nearly fourfold, the personal has advanced 
little more than one-third. The Adams, Payson, Bemis, and 
other wealthy families have been dispersed, and their earthly 
treasures removed from the town. This accounts, in part, for 
the poor exhibit in the personal column. 

Valuation of 1906. 1869. 

Real Estate ... - $10,881,125 $2,474,895 

Personal Estate ... 1,864,552 1,319,667 

Total 12,745,677 $3,794,562 



256 Waterioivri's Military History. 





Taxes 


Lev 


lED : 


1906. 


1869. 


Town Appropriat 


ions 


- 


- 


$218,900 


$44,539 


State Tax 


- 


- 


- 


i3>230 


6,975 


County Tax 


- 


- 


- 


13.159 


2,839 


Metropolitan park 


s - 


- 


- 


3'OS4 




" sewers 


- 


- 


11,778 




" high 


ways 


- 


- 


42 




Wellington Bridge 


: tax 


- 


- 


114 




Water tax 


- 


- 


- 


14,778 




Overlayings 




■ 


Total 




132 




tax $275,085 


$54,485 










In 1906. 


1869. 


Tax rate - 


- 


- 


. 


$19.10 


$13.80 


Number of polls 


- 


- 


- 


3369 


1028 


Town debt 


- 


- 


- 


$766,700 


$48,968 



Watertown, in the sixties, was a rural community, its good 
people were largely engaged in farming. Its growth had been 
very slow for more than two centuries. Its tastes were simple 
and its wants were few. 

Now all is changed, even to the character of its population. 
Discovered and founded by Englishmen, the townspeople for many 
years were of that nationality. But the vast influx of emigrants 
to this country, during recent years, has had its effect here. The 
increase in number and size of manufactories has created a de- 
mand for laborers from far distant lands. Not from Great Britain, 
only, have they come to Watertown, but from Italy, Russia, Ar- 
menia, and other countries as well. One industry alone, which 
did not exist in this town until recently, now gives employment to 
nearly as many people as the wiiole town contained in 1S60. 
These new comers are a vital working force, created by the great 
and increasing development of modern industry. They are brave- 
ly fighting the battles of Peace. Should occasion require they 
will be equally ready and valiant in time of war ; for their patrio- 
tism will not fail when their adopted country is in danger. Just 
at present there are no war clouds to be seen above the horizon ; 
while the avocations of Peace are thronged with busy men and 
women. 

The Public Library was first opened to the citizens March 31, 
1869. Its success was immediate; its advance has been constant. 
Solon F. Whitney, who has been the librarian all these years, 
was at the first also principal of the Watertown High School. In 
his librarian's report of Feb., 1870, he gave the number of vol- 
umes as 4683, an increase of 2563 during the year; number of 
pamphlets, 824. 

Since then an attractive and convenient library building has 
been erected, due principally to private benefactions. HoUis 
Hunnewell and Charles Pratt, descendants of Watertown families, 
have been able, because of their large means, and out of regard 



Watertown in 1907. 257 

for the town, to give most liberally, the one for the building, and 
the other to promote the development of the library along prac- 
tical lines. 

In the report of January, 1907, the number of volumes was given 
3533,889; number of papers and pamphlets, io,S66. There are 
many valuable books of reference, art collections, and all of the 
desirable features of a first-class library. 

The Schools have advanced into a higher grade of public use- 
fulness. New and finer buildings have been erected. The system 
of instruction has been amplified and improved. In 1869, the 
number of children registered was 783 ; average number of schol- 
ars, 679 ; average attendance, 619. In 1906, the number enrolled 
was 1718 ; average number belonging, 1613 ; average daily attend- 
ance, 1490. There is also a Parochial School, which instructs a 
large number of pupils, a feature of these later years. 

The Water department, under wise and conservative manage- 
ment, shows, by the report of Jan., 1907, that the receipts, for 
1906, amounted to $43,896; number of feet of piping, 197,610; 
number of services, 1S49 ; meteis, 181 7 ; public hydrants, 2S8 : pri- 
vate hydrants, 44. The great cost to the town of the water system, 
$430,000, makes a heavy load to bear, in the way of interest and 
bond payments, yet the department is gaining each year in the 
matter of net revenue. 

The Board of Health has an excellent work to do. The death 
rate, for 1906, was the lowest on record, being 10.34 *° 1000; 
total number of deaths, 164. The death rate, in 1S85, was 21.64; 
average for the next ten years, 16, and for the following six years, 
14, showing a steady gain, which may be attributed to better san- 
itary conditions. There has been a marked improvement in the 
care of the town cemeteries, places that were, not many years ago, 
subject to sad neglect. 

The Park Commissioners have in their charge the crest of wood- 
land, designated as Whitnev Hill Park, as a crowning glory of 
the landscape ; Saltonstall Park, on Main street, and some smaller 
tracts publicly reserved. The town has arrived at the dignity of 
band concerts, and other means of public refreshment after the 
day's toil. There will be a rich enhancement of privileges, with 
the coming changes along the Charles river, in the way of boat- 
ing, skating and other sports and recreations. 

The Police and Fire departments, well housed in a new building, 
have each a duty to perform, which is faithfully done. Both have 
grown in size, as well as in eflectiveness, and both are well pleased 
with what the town has done for them. A pension system has 
been adopted, whereby those grown old, or incapacitated, in the 
service, are retired on half-pay. 

Much greater care is given to the highways than ever before. 
At present an extension of Waverley Avenue to Orchard street is 
under process of construction. Roads are more thoroughly built 
with crushed stone and gravel, and have lasting qualities. Sur- 
face drainage is being developed, to meet an imperative demand. 



258 



Watertown^ s Military History. 



Measures of relief for those in need have been broadened in 
their scope, in a public way, through town appropriations, aug- 
mented by private associations, and individual efforts of a kindly 
and sympathetic nature. 

A new peril, the threatened destruction of the trees by the 
Browntail and Gypsy moths, and Elm Beetles, is being combatted 
with at a large public expense. Already some fine woodlots have 
been cut down, by private owners, to get clear of the almost un- 
bearable cost of maintenance. A new department, for the use of 
which the town appropriates $5000 annually, and is compelled to 
allow more than that amount, gives a close supervision over the 
beautiful trees that line many of our streets and adorn the parks. 

But while these numerous matters of public importance call for 
increasing care and large sums of money, the Veterans, who gave 
their services, and some of whom sacrificed their lives for our coun- 
try, are not forgotten. By the Nation, a liberal sj'stem of pensions 
has been long since established. The town supplements this by 
appropriating $700 each year for Soldiers' Aid, and $300 for the 
Memorial Day expenses, including tributes of flags and flowers 
for decorating the graves of those soldiers who are buried in the 
local cemeteries. 

In the beginning of the Civil War the town pledged its faith 
" to each and all the persons who now are, or hereafter shall be- 
come soldiers," to support their families in time of need. That 
pledge has been well kept. 



Following is the list of town officers for 1907 : 

Selectmen: Arthur H. Whitney, Walter C. Stone, 
James D. Evans. 

Toxvn Clerk: Frederick E. Critchett. 

Town Treasurer : Charles W. Stone. 

Assessors: William H. Wilson, Thomas G. Banks, Edward 
C. Hall. 

Collector of Taxes: Charles A. Raymond. 

Auditor: S. Eugene Proctor. 

School Com?nittee: P. Sarsfield Cunniff, Charles M. 
DeMeritt, Arthur F. Gray, Charles A. York, Joanna B. 
Richards, Edward N. Clancy. 

Trustees of Free Public Library: Walter B. Snow, Julian 
A. Mead, George E. Goodspeed, William H. Bustin, 
Charles Brigham, Rev. John M. Kelleher. 

Board of Health: Robert J. Graham, J. Horace Dennen, 
Francis H. Barnes. 

Park Commissioners: George H. Dale, Arthur F. Gray, 
James P. Ford. 

Water Coinmissioners : Charles Brigham, Charles H. 
Rollins, Edward F. Hughes. 



INDEX. 



INDEX. 



Allen 



Abert, William S. 
Achason, Johnston 
Adair, George L. 
Adams, Charles 

" George E 

" John . 

" Joseph 

" Samuel 

" Z. Boylston 
Ahearn, Maurice 
Alden, George A. 

" John . 

" Susan W, 
Allen, Ethan . 

" George 

« John A. P 

" Noah 
Amesbury, Charles H 
Amory, Thomas J. C. 

" William A. 
Andalacia, Vincenes 
Anderson, Robert 
Andre Major , . 
Andrew, George L. 

" Gov. John A 
Andrews, Agnes W. 

" Benjamin 
Angier, Oaks 
Anne, William 
Arnold, Benedict 56 

" James H. 

" Josie M. . 
William H, 
Ashe, Maurice . . 
Aspinwall, Caleb . 
Atcherson, Johnson 
Atkins, Robert 
Atwood, Samuel F. 
Ausberger, Sebastian 
Austin, James . . 



Babcock, Rufus 
Bachelor, N. Walter 
Bacon, Andrew J. 

" James K. 

" J. Otis . 

" John . . 

" John O. . 



. 189 
. 165 

. 216 

141, 149 

. 137 

51, 72, 127 

139 

54, 72, 77, 117 
. 169 
217, 252 
116, 120 
120 



. 239 
59 
34. 88 
189 
96 
. 234 
. 164 
. 188 
144, 200 
. 207 
. Ill 
146 
129, 245 
. 239 
85 
76 
. 143 
61, 62, 63, 114 
216, 217, 232 
. 236 
233, 234 
. 217 



140 
140 
137, 217 
. 217 
75, 79, 86, 106 



. 140 
. 156 
. 174 
181, 195 
. 250 
4 
. 146 



Badger, Timothy . 
Bailey, Mr. . . . 
Bainger, Ann , . 
Baker, Calvin R. . 

" James 
Baldwin, Isaac . . 

" Jeduthan 

" Loammi . 

•< William F. 



. . . 88 

. . . 55 

. . . 74 

154, 159, 252 

. . 143, 200 

. . . 109 

. . . 95 

. . . 98 

. . 140, 149 



Ball, John 109 

Bancroft, Jonathan .... 239 
Banister, Seth .... 90, 98, 99 

Banks, H. B 245 

N. P 245, 246 

Thomas G. 133, 232, 245, 258 
Barber, Nathaniel 91, 93, 97, 102 

" Samuel 75 

Barker, David A. S. . . . 232, 234 

George T 217 

« Sarah A 236 

" Stephen 188 

Barnard, David 74 

" James 8, 33 

« John 4, 8 

" Jonas 74, 79 

Samuel. 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 27, 
29, 32, 35, 45. 75, 77, 
78, 79, 87, 90, 109, 



120, 1 
" Sarah . . 
Barnes, Francis H. 

" James 

" Joseph H 
Barney, Levi T. 

" Lewis F. 
Nellie F. 
Barnstead, George R, 
Barre, Thomas O. 
Barrett, Colonel . 

" George H. 

" James 

" Nathan . 

" Roger 
Barsham, Nathan 
Barstow, Michael 
Bartlett, Chai-les H 
Wniiam F, 
Batchelder, Samuel L 



21, 240, 250 

110 

258 

164 

168 

234 

233, 234 

235, 236 

208 

147 

51,77 

177 

240 

240 

88 

4, 109 

7 

183 

178 

136 



262 



Watertown's Military History. 



Bates, Ambrose 240 

" Hiram W 250 

" James L 170 

" Joseph N 156 

Baxter, Eben 85 

Jedidiah H 165 

" Newton . . 89, 105, 108 

" William 108 

Bean, Edwin 137 

Beck, Conrad 200 

Bedell, Austin 217 

Beers, Eliezer 7, 109 

" Elnathan . . . 6, 8, 109 

" Lieut 109 

" Richard . . 3, 6, 109, 113 
Belcher, Jonathan .... 7 

Bell, Benjamin 191 

Luther B 154 

Belt, George D 217 

Bemis, David 25, 28, 30, S2, 33, 39, 
40, 43, 47, 75, 79, 106, 
108, 110 

" Edmund 109 

« Ephraim 7 

" John 74 

" Jonas 110 

" Jonathan .... 110 

" Joseph 7, 75 

" Luke 34 

" Nathaniel ... 27, 34 
Samuel . . . . 75, 110 

« William 110 

Benjamin, Abel 110 

Charles W. . 232, 233, 234 

Cyrus H 234 

Fred A 234 

" George W 234 

" John 89, 106 

" Jonathan . . 79, 81, 89 
" Nathaniel .... 78 
•' Samuel 28, 75, 79, 81, 107, 
108, 110 

" William 89 

« WiUiam H. 120, 145, 216, 
217, 231 

Bent, Judson L 141, 149 

Bentley, James 170 

Benton, Perrin 137, 159 

« Pierre A 154 

Benyon, Mary A 239 

Bernard, John F 140 

" John L 180 

Berry, Charles W. . 186, 211, 217 

*' Mary A 235 

" Sarah 236 

" William 250 

Betts, Nathan 240 

Bigelow, Benjamin .... 110 

Edith M 236 

" Jabez 110 

" John . . . 4, 7, 110, 184 



Bigelow, Jonathan 
" Joshua 
«' Major . 
" Timothy 

Billings, Joseph E 

Bird, Benjamin 

Biscoe, John 



110 
8, 110 

52 
110 
147 

75 
110 



Josiah 32, 36, 40, 43, 44, 45, 
74,86 

Mr 121 

" Nathaniel .... Ill 

" Sarah Ill 

" Thomas 110 

Blackman, John 176 

Blackmar, John 182 

Blake, Charles F 132 

Blakney, Thomas R. ... 217 

Blanchard, Albert H. . . . 182 

James H. 141. 149, 178, 179 

Blaver, William 89 

Bliss, John 90 

" Major 51 

Blood, Lyman R 166 

Bodge, Samuel D 141 

Bogle, Thomas 75 

Bohner, Alois 166 

BoUen, Charles 200 

Bond, Amos 28, 32, 36, 37, 38, 39, 
40, 43, 75, 79, 90, 95, 
98, 100, 106, 107, 108, 
110 

" Charles 110 

" Daniel 74 

" Elijah 25, 27, 32, 37, 45, 73 

Elizabeth .... 109 

Henry .... 109, 111 

Jonas 74, 78, 90, 106, 110, 

111 

«' Leonard ... 79, 82 ,90 

'< Phineas 75 

Rose Ill 

Samuel . . . .34, 79, 86 
" William 7, 20, 22, 75, 81, 90, 
110, 111, 114, 200 

Bontang, John 86 

Boodro, Andrew 165 

Booker, George A. W. . . . 200 
William T. . . . 196, 197 
Booth, George W. . 141, 185, 186 
Bowditch, Henry P. ... 177 
Bowdoin, James .... 72, 121 

Bowen, Jonas 167 

Bowman, John 86 

" Joseph 7 

" Joshua Ill 

Samuel .... 8, 111 

Bowser, Henry W 200 

Boyce, Jacob G 141, 149 

Boyd, John T 147 

Boyle, James 180 

Boylston, Sarah 112 



Index. 



263 



Boynton, Jacob 90 

Brackett, Lilla B 236 

Bradford, Captain .... 104 

Ruth A 71 

" Thomas 200 

Bradlee, John E. 211, 212, 213, 217 

Bradley, James E 137 

J. Pay son .... 213 

" Mrs 71 

Bradshaw, Henry 33, 45, 79, 86, 107 
Brattlebank, Captain ... 6 

Brennan, John 197 

Brennen, James E. . . . 153, 183 

Brewer, David 64 

Elisha . . . 75, 79, 85 
Jonathan . 62, 64, 75, 76 

Brewster, Oliver E 173 

Briant. David 103 

Bridgeham, Charles E. . . . 177 
Bridges, Charles H. . 137, 159, 250 

" LvdiaA 236 

Brigham, Charles 71,141,149,211 
217, 258 
Edwin H. . 140, 156, 196 

" Mary 71 

" Mathias 137 

Bright, Emma 236 

Gilbert , . 137, 159, 250 

" John . . . . 4, 7, 8, 85 

" Jonathan .... 78 

Joseph 108, 137, 159, 216, 

217, 232 
Josiah .... 74, 91 
» Millicent .... 73 

« Moses H 180 

" Nathaniel 21, 27, 74, 78, 85, 
108, 193, 250 
Willard . . 139, 172, 250 
Britton, John ....... 240 

Broadhurst, Stephen F. . . 218 

Brock, Laura 236 

Brocklebank, Capt 4, 5 

Broderick, James .... 139, 172 

Brooks, Caleb . . 92, 95, 100, 101 

Colonel 97, 98, 99, 102, 104 

" Eleazer . . . . 90, 103 

Brooman, George H. 137, 154, 159 

Broughton, Ellen E 236 

Brown, Charles E. . 137, 155, 159 

" Ebenezer Ill 

Edward A 177 

«' Emma 236 

« Ephraim 239 

« Francis 45, 78, 105, 106, 108 

Franklin T 193 

" George 201 

«' John . 17, 22, 50, 76, 166 

Jonathan 12. 13, 14, 18, 21, 

23, 28, 31, 34, 36, 

38, 40, 43, 47, 48, 

73, 75, 87, 97, 99, 



Brown, Jonathan, continued. 

105, 106, 107, 112, 114, 115, 250 



" Orlando . . . 


. 164,168 


" Phineas . . . 


. . 112 


" Soloman . . 


. . 91 


" William . . . 


. . 143 


William S. . . 


. . 170 


Bryant, Henry . . . 
Buckner, George H. T. 


. . 165 
. . 201 


Bugbee, S. Grace W. . 


. . 236 


Bull, William .... 


. . 7 


BuUard, Asa .... 


. . 99 


" Daniel . . . 


. . 85 


" Jacob . . . 


. . 4,«l 


" John .... 


. . 44 


" Samuel . . . 


96, 97, 103 


" Thomas . . . 


. . 42 


Bullman, John . . . 


75, 79, 91 


Bullock, Wm. Warren . 


. . 169 


Burbank, Elisha M. . . 


. . 155 


Burbeck, Henry . . . 


. . 102 


William . . 


. . 52 


Burchstead, David W. . 


. . 218 


" Luthera E. . . 


. . 235 


Burdell, Abraham H. . 


. . 218 


Burgoyne, E. A, . . . 


. 212,218 


" General . . . 


. . 31 


Burke, James .... 


. . 218 


" John .... 


. 144, 201 


" Private . . . 


. . 252 


" William . . . 


. . 232 


" William A. 


. . 218 


Burnham, Arthur . . 


. . 250 


Burns, Daniel . . . 


. 155, 159 


" James S. . . 


. 183, 201 


" Joseph M. . . 


143,216,252 


" Joseph N. . . 


196,197,218 


" Mary E. . . 
" Patrick . . . 


. . 235 
. 141, 149 


Burnside, General . . 


. 231, 243 


Burrell, Isaac S. . . . 


. . 174 


Bush, Francis, Jr. . . 


. . 175 


Bustin, William H. . . 


. . 258 


Butler, Edmund 0. . . 


. . 191 


Frank W. . . 


. . 234 


" General . . . 


. 231, 246 


» Philip . . . 
Thomas R. . . 


. 208, 234 
. 218, 232 


Butters, Lucinda . . . 


. . 236 


Byram, Timothy M. 


. . 155 


Cabot, Edward C. . . 


. . 175 


" Louis .... 


. . 182 


" Stephen . . . 
Cakebread, Thomas . . 


. . 187 
. . 112 


Callahan, James Lyon . 


. . 157 


Campbell, William H. . 
Cantillan, William . . 


. . 201 
. . 197 


Capell, Jonas F. . . . 
Capen, Benjamin, 33, i 
" David, . . . 


. . 136 
5, 75, 78, 86 
. . 78 



264 



WatertowrH s Military History. 



Capen, Josiah, 



18, 20, 21, 25. 27, 29, 
32, 33, 34, 36, 40, 
41, 43, 44,45,74,75, 
78, 85, 86, 91, 107, 
108 



Carney, General . 


. . 243 


Carpenter, William H. . 


. . 234 


Carroll, John . . . . 


. . 143 


Carrouth, Sumner . . 


. . 171 


Carter, George T. . . 


. . 143 


JohnH. . . 


140, 149, 183 


Cartwright, George W. 


. . 167 


Cashwell, John . . . 


. . 81 


Cass, Thomas . . . 


. 163, 245 


Casswell, John 


, . 91 


Cato (Negro) 


. . 91 


Cavender, Lucinda "W. 


El. . 239 


Cazmay, Thomas W. 


. 233, 234 


Ceilev, Lydia A. R. . 


. , 239 


Cervera, Admiral 


. . 208 


Chadbourn, Benjamin . 


. . 72 


Chadwick, John . 


. . 4 


" Thomas . . 


. . 7 


Chamberlain, Edwin M 


. . 186 


Chandler, Charles Peleg 


. , 145 


Chant, Frank D. . . 


. 141, 185 


Chapin, Enoch 


. . 101 


Chapman, Charles H. 


. . 139 


Chard ol, Peter . . 


. . 91 


Chenery, John . . 2 


8, 74, 79, 107 


William . . 


. 74, 79, 82 


Chester, John . 


. . 112 


Chickering, Thomas E. 


. . 182 


Child, Abijah . . . 


. . 90, 94 


" Amos . . 


. . 91 


" Captain . . 


. 91, 102 


" John . . . 


. . 73, 81 


" Jonathan 28, \ 


U, 45, 79, 107 


" Joseph 


. . 8, 34 


" Phineas 34, 


45, 73, 78, 79, 


81, 


92, 105 


" Richard 


. . 7 


Childs, James B. 


. 140, 155 


Chinery, John . . 


. . . 112 


" Lambert 


. . . 112 


Chipman, Charles 


. . . 168 


" James L. 


. . . 172 


Christian, Henry W. 


. . 141, 175 


Church, Benjamin . 


. . 59, 60, 66 


" Samuel . . 


. . . 7 


Cilley, Colonel . . 


. . . 115 


Clancej', Edward N. 


. . . 258 


Clap, Roger . . . 


. . . 126 


Clark, Ann . . . 


. . . 73 


" Annie M. 


. . . 235 


Charles E. . 


. . 136, 218 


" Edwin L. . 


. . . 155 


" George, Jr. . 


. . . 154 


" Grace . . 


. . . 236 


" John . . . 


. . . 77 


" Jonas . . 


. . 117 



Clark, Mr. 245 

Richard 23, 25, 28, 33, 37, 

43, 74, 78 

" Thomas . 12, 20. 28, 74, 79 

William H. . . . 218, 252 

Cleavland, Ebenezer ... 98 

Cleveland, John P 169 

« L. S 218,232,248 

M. Alice .... 236 

Clusky, William 143 

Cobb, Leander P. . . . 174,218 
Coburn, Charles F. . . . 136, 159 

Cochran, George 139 

Coffin, Charles 86 

« Franklin .... 141 

" John N 218, 248 

John W. . . . 133, 134 

Coglan, Robert 218 

Cogswell, George B. . . . 168 

William 176 

Colburn, Joseph 179 

Colby, Thomas R 218 

Cole, Ralph 137 

Colligan, John H. . .137,160,196 

Collins, James A 234 

John 149, 201 

Conant, Caroline M. . . . 239 

E. A. R 239 

E. B 239 

Condon, Anna M 235 

Conly, John 140 

Connealy, Philip . . . 232, 252 

" Philip P 252 

Connell, James 197 

Connelly, John .... 143, 182 

Connor, Robert W 219 

Cook, Bernard 201 

Daniel, . . 75, 79, 86, 92 

" David W 219 

" George 2 

John 28, 68, 79, 81, 85, 106, 
125 

" Mary 124 

« Samuel . . 28, 38, 40, 74 
" Stephen . . 34, 78, 86, 92 

" Thomas 74 

Cookrain, William .... 75 

Cookson, John 28, 75 

Coolidge, Austin J. ... 247 
Daniel . . .26, 34, 78, 86 

" David 74 

" Dorothy 22, 23, 36, 45, 74. 
106, 117, 121, 127 

" Grace 110 

" James 82 

John 7, 112 

" Jonas ... 75, 79, 107 

Joseph 74, 92, 112, 120, 121, 

239, 240, 247, 250 

" Joshua . . . 106, 130, 133 

" Lewis 112 



Index. 



265 



Coolidge, Martha J 239 

Mary 73 

Moses 27, 45, 78, 86, 107, 

120, 121, 250 

« Nathan .... 78, 108 

Nathaniel 13, 20, 25, 28, 29, 

34,45,74,85,112, 

117 

112, 120, 121, 250 

34, 73, 74, 78, 112 

7 

74,79,86 

75 

144, 201 

90, 94, 97, 102 

146 



" Samuel 

" Simon 

" Stephen 

" Thomas 
AVilliam 
Cooney, Jeremiah 
Cooper, James . . 
Copeland, R. Morris 
C9rcoran, Colonel 
Corey, Isaac . . 
Corkran, William 
Corkring, John . 
Cornwall, Daniel 
Cornwallis, Lord 
Corrigaii, Joseph 
Corson, William H. 
Cowdin, Robert . 
Craft, Abner 21, 75, 8 

" Jonathan . 
Crafts, Captain . 

" Colonel 

" Jonathan 



75, 



Joseph 133, 140, 150, 219, 250 



Nathaniel 

" Thomas 
Craig, Harrison J. 
Craigen, George F. 
Crane, Colonel . 

" John 74, 75 
Mr 
Crawford, Mrs. Fred E 

" Muttie E. . 
Critchett, Frederick E 
Cromack, Joseph C. 
Crompton, John 
Cross, George W 
Crotty, Patrick . 
Crowninshield, Casper 
Culleii, Micliael 
Cummings, Andrew, Jr 

" John . . 

" Lucius 
Cunniff, P. Sarsfield 
Cunningham, Robert 
Curran, William 
Currier, Charles 
Curtis, Greely S. 
Hall . 

" IraT. . 
Gushing, Caleb . 

" Colonel 

" Nathan 

" Pyam . 

" Thomas 



139, 



245 

112 

28 

197 

92, 106 

124 

137 

173, 219 

145 

112, 121 

75 

245 

102 

33 



75 

90,99, 101 

140, 185 

137, 160 

93, 97, 102, 103 

79, 82,91, 97 

51 

120 



239 
258 
165 

139, 171 
219 

140, 167 
181 
138 

137, 160 
197 
185 
258 

92 
209 
152 
179 
189 
233, 234 

72 

51 

52,60 

240 

72 



Cushman, Austin S. 

'» Horace W. 
Cusick, Thomas F. 
Cutler, Captain 

" Charles S. 

" Ephraim . 

" Josiah 
Cutter, Mr. . . . 

" Watson Grant 
Cutting, David 

" James . 

" John . . 

" Susanna . 

" Zachariah 



Dabney, Charles W 
Dadmun, Etta P. 
Dagentield, Adolph 
Daggett, Colonel . 
Dailey, Mary . . 
Dale, George H. . 

" Thomas J. 
Daley, Mathew 
Dalle, Samuel . . 
Dalton, Joseph A. 
Dame, Lorin L. 
Dana, David . . 

" George E. 

" Stephen 48, 96, 
Danielson, Colonel 
Darby, Andrew . 
Dardis, Thomas 
Dashiell, Alfred H. 
Davenport, Annie E. 

'• Benjamin 

" Bennett F. 
Mrs. B. F. 

" Grace C. 

" Nathaniel 
Davidson, Helen F. 

" Henry 

" ^Irs. llerber 

" Sarah C. 
Davis Charles A. 

'* Charles H. 

" Daniel 

" Phineas A. 

" P. Stearns 
Davison, John 
Day, J. L. . . 

" Joseph M 
Dean, Charles A. 

" Charles H. 

" Nettie 
Dearborn, Jonathan 
DeCosta, Benjamin F 
Degan, Charles F. 

" Henry D. 
Delany, Jack 

" Joseph A 

" Patrick 



101 



176 

137 

201,219 

109 

201 

8 

92 

121 

120 

113 

4, 8 

7,8 

109 

7,8 



196, 



141 



103, 
150, 



116, 
120, 



239, 



216, 



147, 
141, 



175 
239 
197 

52 
236 
258 
219 
252 

81 
173 
187 
188 
185 
104 
101 
8 
180 
178 
239 
240 
121 
238 
240 
4 
239 
185 
239 
240 
174 
186 

62 
185 
172 
140 
141 
173 
234 
219 
236 
240 
164 
177 
176 
139 
209 
197 



266 



Waiertown's Military History. 



DeMerritt, Charles M 
Dennen, J. Horace 
Dennison, Daniel 
Derby, Amos L. . 

" Captain . 

" George 
Devens, Charles . 

" Richard . 
Dever, Patrick 
Devreau, Arthur F, 
Dewey, Admiral . 
DeWolf, Oscar C. 
Dewyre, Andrew 141 

" Daniel 
Dexter, Colonel 

" George A 

" Samuel 
Dickinson, Mabelle W. 
Dike, Nicholas 
Dill, George . . 
Dimick, Carroll D. 

" Lizzie G. 
Orlendo W. 
Dimon, Owen . . 
Dinan, Owen . , 
Dix, John . . . 

" Stephen . 
Dodge, Antipas 

" Joseph W. 

Doherty, John . , 

John F. . 

" Patrick . 
Dolan, Thomas 
DoUoff, Benjamin W 

" John E. . 
Donlan, Thomas . 
Dounally, John 
Donnelly, John 
Donovan, Timothy J 
Doolittle, Ephraim 
Doran, John . 
Dorman, William B 
Doughty, John . 
Dow, Benjamin H. 

" Lizzie M. 
Dowdall, John 
Dowley, Michael W 
Dowling, William 
Downey, John 
Downing, Jacob . 

" James 
Dowse, Benjamin 
Drake, John 23, 27 
Draper, John 

" Thomas 
Drew, Stephen W 
Drury, Asa , . 
Dudley, Nathan A. M 

William B. 
Dunham, William 
Dunklee, Charles 



14 



146 



150 



. 258 

. 258 

4 

, 150, 251 

. 52, 53 

167 

, 156, 243 

61, 60 

. 219 

. 165 

. 208 

179, 181 

180, 252 
. 252 

54 

141, 150 

56 

239, 240 

92, 95, 100, 101 

4 

. 219 

. 236 

216, 219 

140 

. 169 

. 113 

. 113 

93 

. 186 

137, 160 

. 219 

, 133 

. 181 

137, 160 

137, 160 

. 143 

. 139 

. 171 

. 219 

92 

. 219 

122 

239, 240 

220, 232 

235, 248 

168 

220 

170, 195 

143, 198 



216 



140 



93 

4 

32, 75, 85, 87 

107, 108, 121 

... 75 

... 153 

92, 95, 97, 103 

. . 169 

... 220 

... 154 

... 220 



Dunn, James, 141, 143, 150, 153, 183, 
198 
John 143, 198, 201, 252 

Durant, Mr 51 

Dwight, Colonel 66 

" Wilder 146 

Dyer, Isaac F 220, 232 

" J. Franklin ... 165 
" Sarah 236 

Eagan, James 198 

Fames, John 7 

Earl, Osman 220 

Eaton, John 136 

Edes, Benjamin ... 86, 123, 124 

Edson, John H 179 

Edwards, Benjamin . . 93, 127 

Mr 62 

Egan, Festus 220 

Eichorn, G. Herman ... 183 
Eldridge, William E. 137, 160, 196 

Elliot, Adell 235 

Ellis, James A. 141, 150, 180, 195 

John 143 

Elwell, Andrew 166 

Elvin, Caroline B 239 

Emerson, Charles S. . . . 234 

Rev. Mr 62 

Endicott, John 1 

Engley, George 137 

Ensign, Charles S 127 

Fred S 234 

Estabrook, James E. . . . 146 

Esty, Newell T 220 

Eustis, Benjamin ... 91, 97 
" Commander ... 97 

Ebenezer . 86, 105, 108 

AVilliamT. ... 147 
Evans, James D 253 

W. H 234 

Everett, Ebenezer . 45, 75, 79, 86 

Richard 27, 34. 45, 75, 79, 
86, 106 
Evers, Emile 139, 171 



Fairbanks, David 
Fairservice, Ceaser 
Farley, Colonel . 

" Michael . 
Farnham, Alice M. 
Farnsworth, John E 
Farnum, Jonathan 
Farr, Barnabas 
Farrar, William E. 
Farrell, George W. 
Farwell, Clara 

" George 0. 

" John N. 
Faulkner, Francis 
Faxon, William L. 
Fellows, John F. 



239 

93 

55 

72 

236 

78, 191 

85 

113 

185 

146, 189 

235 

176 

137 

239 

169 

164 



Index. 



267 



Ferrell, George W 164 

Fesandon, Ebenezer ... 82 
Fessenden, David B, . . . 251 

Field, Joseph 85 

Fields, C. S Ul 

Fiezie, Elijah 79 

Finch, John 113 

Firman, John 113 

Fish, Sarah M 235, 236 

Fisher, Carrie .... 235, 236 

Jabez 72 

" Theodore W. ... 175 

Fisk, John 7 

Samuel 12, 13, 14, 15, 18, 19, 
21, 23, 26, 28, 33, 34, 
36, 38, 40, 43, 50, 73, 
74, 106 

Fiske, Nathan 113 

Robert 113 

Fitch, Fred M 209 

Fitzgerald, William . . 144, 201 
Fitzwilliams, Edward C. . . 209 

" Frank M 290 

Flagg, Elizabeth .... 110 
" Gershom . . . . 113 

" James 107 

« Michael 4, 8 

" Timothy .... 113 

" William .... 113 

Flaherty, Edward .... 187 

Flanders, Augusta I. . . . 235 

Fleming, William L. . . . 201 

Fletcher, Joel 92 

Flohr, Andrew L. 137, 160, 195, 220, 
251 
Ellen F 235 



252 
235, 236 

166 
137, 160 
. 220 



" Fred . . . 

" Hannah E. 
Floyd, Robert . . 
Flynn, Cornelius J. 

" John . . 
Follett, L. I. 
Forbes, William H. 
Ford, James P. . . 
Forknall, William S. 
Forrest, Katie F. 

" Mary T. 

" Michael A. 
Forster, General 
Foskett, George W. 

•^ George W. Jr. 

<' Henrietta . 
Foster, Charles . . 

" Colonel . , 

" Commander 

" Daniel . . 

" Jedidiah 
Fowle, Captain . . 

Edmund 28, 34, 43, 44, 70, 
75, 79, 85, 106, 107 

" Edward .... 124 



, 234 

181 
, 258 
, 220 
. 235 
, 235 
216, 220, 248 
148, 149 
216, 220 
. 234 
. 235 
141, 150 
60 
104 
170 
63, 72 



Fowle, Jeremiah . . 


. . 93 


" John . . . 


75, 79, 124 


« Marshall . . 


. 70, 71 


" Rebecca B. 


. . 236 


Fowler, Nathaniel . . 


. . 93 


Francis, Convers . . 


. . 232 


Frankland, Sir Henry . 


. . 60 


" Lady . . . 


. . 60 


Frankle, John (Jonas) 


164, 168 


Franklin, Benjamin 


. . 62 



Samuel 137, 160, 170, 220 

Fraser, Daniel 220 

David W 190 

Frazer, Daniel W 143 

Freeman, Enoch 60, 72 

" Joseph .... 137, 160 

'< Mr 51 

♦< Samuel 52, 62 

French, Edward Beecher . 172,176 

Frost, Stephen 82 

Frothingham, Captain 92, 97, 98, 99, 
101, 102 

Fulford, John 93 

Fulham, Francis . . . . 113 

" Jacob 113 

Fuller, Rev. Arthur B. 139, 157, 160, 
212, 232 
" Captain . . 98, 103, 104 



David 
" Edward 91 
" Jonathan 
" Joseph . 
" Joshua . 
" Major 
" Nathaniel 
" Thadeus 
Furnival, James . 



, 113 
, 94, 97, 99, 102 
76 
97 
75 
52 
76,93 
33 
97 



Gage, General 11, 51, 54, 56, 57. 58, 
62, 71, 77, 117, 118, 
123 

J. H 246 

Gains, James 94 

Gale, Samuel 94 

Gallagher, John F. ... 209 

Galloupe, Isaac F 164 

Gamwell, Harlow .... 181 

Gandal, John 94 

Gardner, Annie M 236 

«' Colonel 120 

Henry 21, 96 

John 107 

" Joseph 75, 86 

" Mr 56 

» Thomas . . 77, 94, 111 
Garfield, Benjamin . . . . 113 

" Captain Ill 

" Ephraim .... 4 

" Joseph 7 

Garvin, John 201 

Gates, General 93 



26S 



Watertown's Military History. 



221 

. 221 

74 

. 221 

179 

196, 198 

94 

66, 66 

54 

202 

, 202 

. 251 

64 

7 

45,78 



74, 



Gates, Horatio 121 

Gavin, William 202 

Gayloid. Noah M 156 

George, John 251 

Gerrish, Colonel 54 

" Joseph .... 59, 72 
Gerry, Elbridge . . . 61, 127, 128 

« Mary L 236 

Gibbs, William . 
Gibson, Samuel S. 
Gigger, Nicodemas 
Gildea, Michael . 
Gilfillan, Thomas 
Gilgan, Thomas . 
Gill, John . . . 
" Moses 

Mr. . . 
Gilman, Joseph . 
" Simon F. 
Glidden, Eldndge 
Glover, Colonel . 
Goddard, William 
Godding, J. C. . 
" Jonas 
" Spencer . 
Goding, Emalous 
" Herbert 
" Spencer . 
Gooch, John G. . 
Goodenow, Lieut. 
Goodhue, John M. 
" Joseph . 
Goodman, Captain 
Goodspeed, George E 
Goodwin, Andrew 
" George H 
" Ichabod 

Gookin, Daniel 7 

Gordon, George H. ... 146 

Gorman, John 202 

Gorson, Elijah 138 

Gotleib, Joseph .... 139, 171 
Gould, Jacob Parker . . . 156 

" Joseph P 179 

Graham, Robert J 258 

Grant, Christopher 21, 28, 33, 74, 78, 
81, 120, 121, 250 

" Joseph 8 

Gen. Ulysses S. 206, 231 

Gray, Albert Z 182 

Arthur F. . 233, 234, 258 

Hugh .... 172, 195 

Mabel .... 235, 236 

" Moses 240 



78, 94, 106 
221, 251 
233, 234 
82 
131, 133 
109 
146 
202 
53 
258 
221, 232 
139, 174 
62 



" Richard 

" Winthrop 
Greaton, John 
Green, J. Durrell . 

" Samuel A. 

«' William H. 
Greenleaf, Eenjamin 



. . 94 
. . 99 
91, 96, 102 
. . 147 

. 145, 167 
. 188, 202 
60, 72 



Greenleaf, Captain , 
Greenman, Walter F 
Greenslit, Belden A. 
Greenwood, Abijah 

" Lemuel 

" Miles . . 
Gregg, Annie J. 

" Walter H. 
Grelis, Gustaf . . 
Grey, Hugh . . 
Gridley, Richard 
Griffin, Eliza S. . 

" John 
Griswold, Charles E. 
Grooms, Hanibal . 
Groth, Theodore A. 
Guildea, Michael 
Gurley, Henry A. . 
William 0. 
Gypson, Henry . 

Hadlock, Charles H. 
Hagan, William H. 
Hagar, John . 
" Moses . 
" Samuel 
" Stephen 
" William . 
" William, Jr. 
Hagerty, Michael . 
Haggerty, Daniel . 
Haley, William D. . 
Hall, Edmund H. . 
Edward C. 
" Ezekiel 
" Michael 
Richard B. 
Smith W. 
" William 
Hallahan, John 
Halleck, General 
Hallern, James B. . 
Halliday. O. W. . 
Hallowell, Norwood P, 
Ham, Charles G. 

" Henry W. 
Hamlin, Charles H. J 
Hammon, Jonathan 
Hammond, Abigail 
" Charles 
" John 
" Jonathan 
" Prudence 
" Sarah . 
«' William 
Hancock. Charles 
" Daniel . 
" John 54, 59, 
Hanford, George C 
Hankin, Franklin 
Harden, Thomas 



64 
120 
221, 251 
240 
141 
251 

235, 236 
234 
202 
140 

53 

236, 236 
202 
178 
202 
202 
202 
234 

231, 234 
79 

221 
169 
4, 8 
33, 75, 79 
28, 75 
108 
240 
4 
196, 198 
139 
164 
175 
258 
27,75 
94 
184 
165, 170 
202 
221 
231 
221 
234 
177 
233, 234 
139, 173 
. 187 
. 94 
. 114 
187, 251 
. 114 
. 76 
. 114 
. 114 
114, 202 
137, 160, 195 
172 

60, 72, 77, 117 
... 137 
170 
95 



(Frederick) 



Index. 



269 



Harding, Thomas . . . . 95, 202 
Harlakenden, Roger . . , . 2 

Harned, David 137 

Harrington, Charles ... 82, 85 

" Edward 20, 21, 22, 23, 34, 

35, 74, 75, 78, 81, 



85 



" George 

" George E. 

" Herman P 

" John . 

" Jonathan 

" Nathaniel 

" Peter . 

" Phineas 

" Robert 

" Susanna 

" Thomas 

" William 
W. S. . 

Harris, Benjamin 

" Frank . 

" Hannah 

" Nathaniel 

" Stephen 



1( 



)8, 114, 240 

4, 8, 114 

141, 150 

. . 137 

. . 3, 8 

. . 120 

28, 74, 106 

28, 76, 79, 106 

28, 79,86, 106 

. . 120 

. . 109 

28, 74, 85 

45,75, 78 

. . 120 

. 95, 107 

. . 144 

. . 74 

79, 82, 95 

25, 29, 33, 75, 79, 

85, 95 

Harrison, James R. 137, 160, 211, 212, 
216, 221, 242 
" Mary E. . . . 235, 236 

" Samuel 177 

Hartford, John T, 203 

John W. . . . 141, 176 

Hartwell, Abbie M 235 

" AlbertH. 211,212, 214,216, 

221 232 
" Ella E. . .' . 235, 236 

" Samuel C 172 

Harvey, Charles E 203 

Haskel, John 95 

Hassell, Robert 176 

Hastings, Benjamin .... 34 

" James 95 

" John 4, 7 

" Jonas 74, 86 

" Samuel 95 

" Simon 28, 45, 74, 79, 85, 107, 
108 

" Thomas 78 

" William 114 

Hatch, James T 203 

" Orrin R, . . . 233, 234 

Haven, Mrs 112 

'• Samuel Foster . . . 156 
Havvres, Daniel C. . . . 141, 176 

" Lena F 240 

" Robert 86 

Hay, Joseph 76 

Hayden, L. M 221 

Z. M 139 

Hayes, James 203 

" Joseph 164 



Haynes, Alberto F. . . 120, 127 

" John 1, 2 

Hayward, Dora . . • . . 236 

Hazelton, Frank J 221 

Healy, Nathaniel . . . • . 4 

Heard, John 239 

S. H. M 221 

Heath, Charles E 178 

" Nathaniel 93 

Hempstead, Henry A. . . . 140 
Henry E. . , . 168, 169 
Hepworth, George A. (George H.) 

176 

Herlihy, John J 234 

Herridge, George 203 

Hichborn, Thomas .... 85 

Hicks, Zachariah 79 

Hight, Albert J 203 

Hill, Charles F. . , . 141, 150 

" Joseph D 222 

" Nelson . . . 222, 232 

" Peter 203 

Wilfred R 234 

" Woodman C. ... 234 

Hillman, Caroline W. ... 239 

Hilton, Charles C. . . 141, 150 

Frank W. . . . 136, 161 

Hinds, Samuel 82 

Hinkley, Ora J 222 

Wallace 175 

Hinks, Edward W 165 

Hiwell, Lieut 94 

Hobbs, Joshua B. F 180 

Hodges, John, Jr. . . . 176, 179 
Hodsdon, Albion H. . . 233, 234 

" Alonzo 1 174 

Hoffman, Southard . . . .149 

Hogan, William H 140 

Holbrook, Bradford .... 222 

" Charles S 175 

John G. 137, 161, 222, 251 

" Mr dd 

Holden, Casper B 234 

" James 143 

Holland, James .... 95,179 

" John 203 

" William 143 

Hollister, Edward P 178 

Holmes, Austin H 234 

" Bessie 236 

" George A 234 

" L-ving L 183 

" Irving T 261 

" Luther L 234 

" Mr 55 

" Thomas F. 179, 216, 222, 231 

Holt, George F 203 

" John H. . . . 232, 234 

Holten, Dr 64 

Holton, Samuel 60 

Hooker, Joseph . . 231, 243, 244 



270 



Watertown's Military History. 



Hooper, Thomas 243 

" Thomas N 133 

Hopkins, Stephen 54 

Horn, George W. . . 131, 133, 150 
" George W. Jr. . 141,251 

Home, Deborah G 240 

" Samuel 240 

W. B 251 

Hosmer, Allied 116 

" Joseph 90, 91, 93, 97, 98, 99, 
100, 101, 102,103,104 

Hovey, Ebenezer 74 

" Thomas 96 

Howard, Abraham L. . 233, 234 

" Annie B 235 

" Bertha 236 

Charles 140 

C. Odella 235 

" E 236 

Edward E. . . 232, 234 

" Frederick .... 128 

" Frederick A. . 141, 160 

" Frederick H. . 222, 234 

George R. . 140, 147, 193 

Hiram L 179 

William C 251 

William H 203 

Howe, Colonel ^b 

" Henry J 165 

Lord 123 

Howes, Micajah 141 

Micajah C. . . . 150, 153 

Hoyt, Dixi C 189 

Hubbard, Henry P. . . 222, 261 

Herbert W 234 

Huckins, E. W 213 

Hudson, Alfred S 9 

Hughes, Edward F 258 

Michael 222 

« Michael A 203 

Humphreys, Charles A. . . . 181 

•' John 1 

Hunnewell, Hollis .... 256 

Hunt, Edward S 185 

Edwin P 193 

« John . . 74, 76, 79, 127 

" Robert 251 

«' Thomas . . . . 79, 81 
«' William 26, 40, 42, 44, 45, 
48, 76, 86 
Huntington, AVilliam H. . . 203 

Hunton, Captain 6 

Huntress, Annie L 240 

Hurd, Benjamin 34 

Samuel H 147 

Hussey, Charles H 186 

" Stephen 52 

Hutchins, Frank S 141 

Samuel W. . . 139, 173 

Hutchinson, George .... 203 

« Governor . . . 11, 69, 61 



Hutchinson, James . . 140, 146 

Hyland, Albert 173 

William 139 

Ingalls, William .... 147, 179 

Ingraham, Nathaniel .... 82 

« Timothy .... 164, 172 

" William H. 130, 131, 135, 

136, 241, 247 

Ireland, Edward 140 

Edward C 150 

«' James L. . . . 153, 222 

" Raselas 140 

«♦ Kaselas W. . . 188, 222 
" William H 186 

Jackson, Antipas 251 

" Charles F. 140, 156, 179, 222 

» Daniel 75, 79 

" Michael .... 78, 98 

♦' Samuel 203 

" William H. . . . 140,156 

Jarvis, Augusta J 236 

" Grace 236 

Jenkins, George N 185 

Jennison, Phineas . . 34, 74, 79, 85 
Samuel . . 73, 74, 96 

" Samuel, Jr 108 

" William . 2, 74, 79, 82, 114 
Jepson, George E. 214, 216, 222, 231 

George W 234 

Jewett, Charles C 157 

Jipson, Henry 82, 86 

Johnson, Abraham .... 204 

" Augusta A 235 

«' Caleb 114 

" Charles 204 

" Charles C 143 

" Daniel 204 

" Gradis 204 

" Harriet M. . , 235, 236 

" JohnT 143 

" Leonard Whitney . ,209 

" Robert 143 

" Samuel 56 

William .• ... 204 

William H 140 

Jones, Abel 251 

" Captain 113 

" Edward F 129 

" Edward J. . . . 185, 186 
" Ephraim ... 28, 79, 85 

» Franklin 251 

" George H 152 

" Josiah 7 

«' Lieut Ill 

" Samuel 96 

Waiiam . . 140, 151, 186 
" Woodbury .... 204 

Kearney, James . . 137, 141, 164 



Index. 



271 



Keating, Daniel . . . 


, , 


137 


Keith, David B. , , . 


^ , 


182 


" Thomas . . . 




96 


KeleherJ 


. . 


137 


Kelleher, John M. . . . 




258 


Kelley, Richard . . . 


216, 


222 


Kemp, Nathan S. . . . 


143, 


173 


Kendall, Francis . . . 


130, 


230 


Kendrick, Michael . . 




222 


Kennard, James . . . 




239 


Kennedy, James . .14 


0, 16*1 


189 


" John .... 


. 


223 


Kenney, David .... 




161 


" Edward . . . 


14*3, 


198 


" James .... 


, 


161 


" Patrick . . . 




137 


Kent, J. Harry .... 


*23*3, 


234 


S. E 




236 


Kerwin (Kerson), James 




178 


Keyes, Hamlin W. . . 


, 


147 


" Michael . . . 


, 


223 


" Sylvester W. 




137 


Kimball, John W. . . . 


15*6, 


177 


King, E. A 


137 


161 


" Edward A. . . 




223 


•' George H, . . 


. 


189 


PhQip H. . . , 


137, 


161 


" Phineas F. . . 


140, 


184 


" William A, . . 


. 


223 


Kingsbury, Captain . . 




53 


Kinsley, Eli C. ... 


. 


176 


Kirk, James W. . . 




187 


Klouse, Adolphus . . . 


, 


140 


Knapp, Charles P. . . 




223 


Knott, George ... IS 


7, 155,161 


Knox, General .... 


, , 


91 


Kohlbrand, Charles H. . 


. 


170 


Kurtz, John 




166 


Ladd, Colonel . . . . 




242 


Lafayette, Marquis de . 




124 


LalFy, John .... 




198 


Lamb, Mary P. . . . 




235 


Lamonte, Charles W. . 




251 


Lamson, Daniel S. . . 


124 


157 


Lane, Everett . . . . 




175 


" Frank W. . 21 


I, 212 


223 


" John . . . 


. 59,96 


Lanehart, John . . , 




223 


Langely, Alonzo B. 




187 


Larabee, John , . . 




96 


" Jonathan . . 




96 


Lamed, Benony . . . 




8 


" Oliver . . . 




86 


William . . 




8 


Lassman, Robert E. 


2*23 


232 


Lathrop, Mr 


135 


242 


Lavelle, James . . . 




209 


Lawrence, Enos . . . 




7 


•• John , . . 




109 


« Samuel C. . . 




147 



Lawson, Charles E. W. . 143, 195 

Henry T 188 

Learned, Ameriah .... 75 

Benjamin, 74, 79, 82, 97, 108 

" Bezaleel, 15, 19, 28, 74, 106 

Daniel 79 

Elijah 28 

" Elisha 75 

Frank S. . 141, 175. 251 

Helen A 251 

" Isaac 4, 7 

Jedediah 75, 79, 97, 114 
" Jonas . . . 74, 79, 81 
•' Jonathan .... 74 

" Josiah 34 

Oliver , , 74, 79, 81. 97 

" Samuel 86 

« Thomas, 30, 33, 74, 78, 86 

" William . 34, 73, 79, 86 

Leathe, Jedediah 23, 30, 37, 40, 43, 

45, 47, 75, 79, 85, 106 

John . . . 82, 97, 105 

Richard . . 32, 79, 81 

" William 27, 74, 78, 85, 108 

Leaverton, James W. . . . 137 

Lee, Charles 66, 68 

'< Francis L. ... 175 

H. C 148 

John 223 

" Robert E 206 

" William Raymond . 165 

Lemoyne, John 161 

Lenuen, John ..... 98 
Lenox, Charles W. 177, 191, 223, 251 
Leonard, Samuel H. . . . 156 

" William 252 

Letherbee, Jonathan ... 98 
Levelley, Joseph M. ... 234 
Leverton, James W. . . . 161 

John W 223 

Lewando. A 144 

Lewis, Elizabeth 236 

James .... 98, 223 

" Morgan 240 

Lincoln, Abraham, President 129, 

142,207,231,241,242 

" Benjamin ... 57, 72 

" Colonel 52 

Edward M. ... 180 

" Francis M. ... 171 

William G. . . . 133 

Lindley, Austin W. . . 161, 251 

DanaE. . . . 189,251 

" Henry C. . . . 136, 161 

Lines, Francis 98 

Lisco, Peter 98 

Lissuat, Peter 98 

Littlefield, Harry D . ... 187 

" James C 167 

Roland 240 

Littleman, Samuel .... 98 



272 



Watei'toxvn' s Military History. 



Livermore, Amos 
" Annie E. 
" Carrie B. 

Charles F. 
" Converse F 
" Hannah 
•' Jonathan 
Mrs. . . 
" Tabitha 
Livingston, Andrew 
Locke, Artemas . 
John W. 
Logan, Peter . 
Longstreet, General 
Lord, Eben N. 137, 15o 
" Edward . 
" Mary A. 
" Philip, Jr. 
Loring, Joseph 
Lothrop, Mr. 
Lovely, John S. . 
Lovering, Joseph F 
Lovewell, Captain 
Lowden, James . 
Lowell, Charles R. 
Lucey, Michael 
Lufkin, Moses 
Luker, John . 
Lush, George . 
Lydiard, Agnes 
Lyman, Albert C 
' " Edward 
" Joseph . 
" Joseph D. 
AVilliam H. 
Lynch, Cornelius 

" Jeremiah J. 
Lyon, James . . 
Lyons, Bernard . 

Michael W. 
" Thomas F. 
William H. 



28, 45, 74 
. 236 
235, 236 
223 



184 

112 

33 

237 

110 

188 

133 

176 

223 

158 

161, 223 

224, 251 

235, 236 

. 240 

65 

55 

. 209 

216, 224, 231 

113 

7 

. 181 

. 252 

240 

137, 161 

86 

235,?236 

184 

137, 161 

141 

. 151 

137, 162 

143, 198 

180 

166 

143 

198, 224 

234 

. 234 



Mack, John B 224 

Mackin, James E. . . . 138, 251 
Joseph E. . . 162, 224 

" Joseph S 234 

" Walter E. . . 233, 234 
Madden, Henry 146 

" Washington 139, 174, 195 

Maddock, Henry 112 

Maggi, Albert C 170 

Mahoney, Dennis . . . 224, 251 
Major, Captain ... 98, 101, 104 
Makin, Joseph 204 

" Samuel 204 

Mallard, James . . . . 33,74,79 

Manchester, G. D 138 

Manix, William 198 

Manning, Charles H 185 

" Jacob M 175 



Manning, William . 
Mansfield, William 
Mansir, John H. 
March, Delano . 
" George N. 
" Josephine M 
Marett, Philip . . 
Marsh, Lucius B. . 
Marshall, Colonel . 

" Thomas 
Martin, George W. 
Henry W. 
" Oramel 
<' Susie E. . 
" Thomas 
Martindell, John . 
Marton, Lieut. . 
Mason, Abbie M. . 
" Abigail 
" Augustus 
" Captain 
« Charles F. 

Daniel . 33, 45 
Hugh, . . 6, 9 
" Moses . . 
" Mr. . . 
" Nathaniel 
Mather, Charles 
" Cotton 
Mathews, Hugh 
Mayhew, Joseph 
Mayo, Alice A. . . 
McAleer, Charles . 

" Peter . 
McCabe, William . 
William H. 
McCafFerty, Owen . 
William . 
McCall, General . 
McCarty, Felix 
McClellan, General 
McCollister, John Q. A 
McCoolifF, Patrick 
McCue, William P. 
McCuen, Parker 
McCuUum, James • 
McCurtain, William 
McDermott, Charles 

" James . 
McDonald, Michael 
William . 
McDoughall, Alexand 
McGinley, James A. 
" John . . 
McGlauflin, B. Fay 
" Hiram . . 
" Margaret . 
McGloin, Frank 
McGonnigal, Barney 
McGrail, John . . 
McGrath .... 



. 86 

. 252 

137. 162 

. 133 

134, 144 

235, 236, 240 

90, 101 

. 176 

98, 100 

97 

. 180 

216, 224 

146 



235 

188 

98 

104 

236 

110 

175 

5, 109 

9, 124 

86, 108 

45, 105 

. 98 

. 125 

. 73 

. 240 

. 122 

. 168 

. 62 

. 236 

. 252 

. 252 

. 204 

. 180 

198, 224 

198 

244 

198 

231 

177 

, 138 

. 204 

139, 171 

. 187 

75, 79, 99 

. 162 

198, 224 

. 187 

. 192 

. 204 

. 234 

144, 204 

. 234 

233, 234 

. 236 

144, 204 

. 138 

. 174 

. 252 



Index. 



273 



106 
82 
139 
167 
174 



McGrath, Francis P 234 

McGuire, Philip |»9 

'« Timothy 14<3 

Mcintosh, John 81 

>' William 91 

McKinley, John . . . 139, 171 

» President 21o 

McLauthlin, Mary . . • .236 
McMahan, Michael .... 204 

McMasters, John H 1'53 

McNamara, John 198 

Patrick 189 

McNamee, Mabel 236 

" Marion 236 

McNeil, Patrick . . • • • ^3 
« Thomas . . • 139, 172 

McRoe, Oliver 75, 106 

McTigh, Anthony 224 

Meacham, George A 1'37 

Mead, Julian A. . . • 116, 2o8 
» MaryD. . . • 239,240 

Tilley 

Zille 

Mellen, William .... 

W. R. C 

Mellsop, William C. . . ^ 

Melvin, Albert 224,232 

David 239 

Prank A 234 

" Samuel 239 

Mercer, Frederick W. . . 176, 182 

Merriam, Waldo 1°8 

Merrick, Thomas 168 

Merrill, Roger 240 

Merritt, Henry o* }co 

Meserve, Stephen E. . . . 136, 162 

Messer, Carlos P 176 

Miller, Charles .... HO, 224 
Charles A. . 138, 162, 196 

Charles C 177 

Henry F.H 171 

Henry I. . . . 138, 162 

" Jacob 186 

♦' James 1"13 

" Jeremiah 93 

Milliken, Widow 55 

Mills, Cffisai 99 

Frank A. . . . 233, 234 
Pulemon C. . 139, 147, 171 

WlUiam H 209 

Milner, Joseph F 224 

Mirick, Samuel . . . . 81, 99 

Mixer, Josiah 4^ 

Monahan, John J 234 

" Owen .... 198,224 

Monks, Clara L 240 

Monplaisir, Louis . . . 144, 169 

Montieth, William 167 

Montojo, Admiral 208 

Moore, Lydia A 23o 

'« Maclelland .... 167 



Moore, Peter 



139 



Moreland, John 81 

Morelv, Captain ^ 

Moriartv, Michael ...... |»6 

Morly, John ,0- !t« 

Morrill, Edward P. . . . I80, 186 

William F 224 

Morris, F. G 213 

James M 192 

Lydia 236 

Morse, Charles A. . . . 138, 162 

Edward F 234 

- Ernest C. . . . 233, 234 

» George F 138 

.. Julia F. . . . 239,240 

Luther B 232 

William 34 

Morton, Perez 79 

Robert . . • 1^3, 19o 

" Thomas 224 

Mott. Edward ^9 

Motte, Ellis L 187 

ISIoulton, Charles H 22o 

Mullanev, Mathew . . . .138 

Mullen, 'David ; 138 

Munroe, Oliver '^'^'^ 

" Sergeant H' 

Munsell, George N 171 

Murdoch, John 225 

Marion D 240 

Murphy, Daniel 138 

" James 99 

Michael E 184 

Patrick 1*^ 

Murrey, Henry . . 146,171,179 

" . John ol. '^2 

" Samuel ^^ 

Nash, Susan Wyeth Sawin . 240 

Nason, Guy H 234 

Nelson, Alex o- 

Nevinson, Elizabeth . . . • ^\^ 

Newcomb, Addie 236 

« WiUiamC. . . 233,234 

Nichols, Abram G 138 

» George C. . . 141, 151 

George N 1"6 

John .... 177, 191 

Robert C 187 

William 189 

Nikol, Daniel ^^^ 

Nims, Ormand F 184 

Noonan, Edward . . . 225,251 
Norcross, Elijah . . . 140, 188 

" Jeremiah ' 

" Joseph 99 

Josiah 28, 45, 74, 78, 99, 108 

" Samuel H'* 

Seth .... 32, 34, 75 

Thomas C. . . 136, 162 

North, F.E 220 



274 



Waiertow7i^s Military History. 



Norton, Georj^e A 147 

Notonksion, William ... 99 

Noyes, George L 133 

Samuel 131 

" Samuel G. . . 140, 174 
Nutting, Andrew F. . . 233, 234 

« Samuel . . 28, 7S, 99, 251 

Oaks, T.Fletcher 178 

Ober, Oliver M. . . 141, 151, 133 

Peter A. . , . 141, 151 

O'Brien, John .... 205, 225 

" Nicholas 168 

" Peter 205 

" Thomas . . 139, 162, 196 
O'Connell, Patrick A. ... 168 
O'Halloran, James .... 182 

Michael 198 

O'Hare, Patrick 139 

O'Harra, Patrick 173 

O'Hearn, William .... 225 

O'Key, Thomas 168 

Olcott, Abigail 110 

John 114 

Oldham, John 2, 114 

Oliver, Samuel C 188 

Orne, Azor 60, 72 

Osborne, Ira J. ... 140, 151 
Osbounie, Francis A. ... 167 

Osgood, Amos 193 

" Lewis V 187 

" Samuel 240 

Otis, EUen S. . 235, 236, 239, 240 
Horace W. . i41, 151, 181, 
211, 212,225, 
232 

" James 72 

" Mercy 72 

Sarah H 239 

WardM. 141, 151, 211, 212, 
225 
Oynes, John 7 

Packard, I. H 232 

Page, Calvin G 172 

Paine, Robert T 72 

Palfrey, Francis W 165 

Palmer, Colonel 51 

John 82 

Joseph ... 60, 72, 82 

Park, Captain 94, 102 

" Cornelius 35, 79, 81, 107 

" John 7 

" Pennel ... 34, 75, 79 
" William .... 76, 79 

Parker, Captain 120 

'* Colonel 77 

" Daniel 33, 40, 43, 45, 48, 75, 
86, 184 
David .... 79, 100 
" Francis J 169 



Parker, James P 225 

« John 62 

" Nathaniel .... 100 

" Phineas 95 

William . . . . 6, 143 
Parkhurst, Colonel .... 245 

" Isaac 76, 100 

" John 4 

Parlin, Joseph H. . . 232, 234 
Parmenter, William .... 8 
Parrish, Lucius H, . . 225, 251 

Parsons, Captain 57 

Clara B 236 

Mildred 236 

Paterson, General 92, 96, 97, 98, 99, 

100, 102 
Patrick, Captain . . . . 2,113 
Patten, Isaac B. 181, 212, 213, 232, 
233, 251 
Mannie B. . 213, 235, 236 

« Professor 213 

" Thomas 28, 45, 75, 85, 107, 
141, 175, 189, 212, 
232 

Wendell 213 

Patterson, Christina .... 236 

" John 52 

Mary E. . . . 235, 236 

Wniiam C 179 

Peard, Robert 153 

Pearson, Timothy . . . . 187 

Pease, Private 85 

Peck, George 240 

Peeler, Albert .... 211, 225 
Peirce, Bartholomew ... 75 

" Daniel 7 

" Isaac 185 

" Joseph . . . . 5, 6, 7 
Penderghast, Thomas . 141, 151 

Pendleton, Bryan 114 

Percy, Lord 55, 78 

Perkins, Albert W. . . 225, 232 
" Charles T. 211, 212, 216, 

225, 251 

James 234 

Josephs 151 

" Luke . . . 129, 133, 144 

Perry, Frank A 234 

" Samuel 7 

" William 109 

Phelps, Edward M 181 

Philbrook, H. A 225 

Philips, Theophilus .... 7 
Pickering, Edward N. 140, 172, 191, 

192 
Pierce, Charles Q. 211, 212, 216, 

226, 248 

" Ebenezer W. ... 168 

Henry B 211 

Henry G 226 

" Henry T. . . 141,175 



Index. 



275 



Pierce, Julia A 235, 236 

" Levi M 205 

" Mathew 100 

" Roger 85 

Piers on, Charles L 172 

" George H. . 147, 149, 152 

Pigeon, John 60 

Pillsburv, Edward W. . . 216, 226 

" Fred S 234 

" Mary E 236 

Pines, Peter 153 

Piper, Lucy M 240 

Pitcairn, Major . . . . 77,118 

Pitts, James 72 

Place, Arthur G 234 

Plimpton, Emerson F. . . 178 

Merrill F 178 

Polechio, Hattie F 236 

Pollard, Otis A 226 

Pomeroy, Alonzo . . . 139, 173 

" Colonel 52 

Pond, Elsie F 236 

" John A. 141, 151, 153, 184 
" Joseph .... 55 

Poole, Charles A 226 

Pope, George 226 

" John 100 

Porter, Burr 173, 183 

«' Edward F 249 

" Major 98 

Potter, Daisy G. ... 239, 240 

Powers, James 205 

Pratt, Charles 256 

" James A 177 

" James E, 139 

" Miles .... 130, 133 
Prentice, Benjamin ... 12, 100 



Elizabeth 
" Isaac 
" Jonas 
" Joshua . 
" Samuel . 
" Smith . 
" Solomon 
" Thomas 
Price, Israel . 



. . 110 
. . 78 
. . 74 
. . 100 
. . 100 
. . 101 
. . 28, 74 
34, 75, 79, 101, 111 

101 

•' William 4, 7 

" Wniiam., Jr. . . . 7 

Priest, Benjamin L. . 226, 234, 251 

" Charles H. 141, 151, 211, 

212, 226 
" George E. 141,177,178,211, 
212, 214, 216, 226, 
248, 252 

'• Joseph 8 

" Mabel E 239 

" Mary W. . . . 235, 236 

" Philemon .... 239 

Prescott, Colonel .... 52 

«' George L 169 

" James 72 



Prescott, John 




7 


" Oliver . . 




91 


W. Chester 




234 


" William . 




118 


Proctor, S. Eugene . 




258 


Putnam, General 




128 


" Jennie 




236 


Pyne, Peter . . , 




183 


Quelter, John . , . 




138 


Quigley, Frank . . 


166, 195 


196 


" James . . 




199 


Quinlan, John . . 




205 


" John J. . 




234 


" John M. 


. . 233 


234 


'• Margaret 




236 


" Thomas 


205, 226 


232 


Quinn, Daniel 




199 


" John . . . 




199 


!' Thomas . . 




199 


Quint, Alonzo H. 




146 


Rand, Arnold A. 




182 


Clara T. . 




235 



75, 



Rev. Edward A. 116, 117, 
118, 119, 120,126, 
215, 251 

" Mary F 235 

" Thomas 
Randall, John . . 
Rawson, Deacon 
Raymond, Charles A 
Read, May T. 
Reed, William . . 
Regan, John . 
Reinhardt, Frederick W 
Reiuhart, Tillock 



239 
79, 114 

51 
258 
240 

55 
226 
186 
101 



Remington, John 



Revere, Paul . 

Paul J. . 
Rhodes, George L. 
Rice, Addie L. 

" Timothy 
Richards, A. L. 

" Henry . 

" Joanna B. 

" Samuel . 
Richardson, Charles 

" Ebenezer 

" Edward 

" Edward C. 

«< Edward F. 

" James M. 

" Peter 

" Reuben L. 

" Thomas 
Riddeford, James 
Ridgeway, John . 
Rinehart, Charles 
Ripley, S. Ellis 



12, 19, 20, 50, 75, 
78 

62, 77, 117, 125 
. 165 



25, 



141, 152 
239, 240 
8 
144 
143, 183 
. 258 
45 
. 138 
. 101 
26, 74. 141 
233, 234 
. 152 
189 
33, 79, 133 
213 
226 
205 
85 
143 
232, 233, 234 



276 



Waterto'wn' s Military History. 



Risley, Chester 138 

Chester W. ... 162 
George W. 138, 162, 184 
Roach, William F. . . . 226, 252 
Robbing, Dexter .... 232 
Dexter A. . . 226, 234 
Elbridge .... 252 

" George 251 

George, Jr. . . 138, 162 

Harry W 234 

HattieE. . . . 235,236 

Henry D 234 

James A. . 141, 175, 178 

John 227 

John L. ... 227, 232 

John W 234 

Roberts, William . . . 205, 227 
Robinson, Albert B. ... 174 

Charles 205 

George F. 214,216,227,232 

JosieM 235 

Mary A. . . . 235,236 

Roche, Edward D 209 

Rockwell, George L. . . . 209 

Rodman, John 138 

William L. ... 172 

Roe, Oliver M 28 

Rogers, Abraham F. . . . 239 
Harriet E. D. . 239, 240 
Hugh .... 140, 162 

JohnP 163 

Patrick 140 

Terrence . . . 140, 163 
William .... 98 

Rolfe, FrankA 188 

Rollins, Adelaide H. . . 236, 240 
Charles H. ... 258 

Rood, J. L 138 

Roonev, Francis A. ... 209 
Rosebrook, Seldon H. 141, 144, 152 

Ross, Fannie T 235 

" Lydia 236 

Roswell C. ... 193 
Washington B. . . 193 
William W. ... 193 

Rotes, Andrew 101 

Rouse, Edward S 140 

Rowell, Cromwell G. . . . 153 

Rowse, Albert 187 

Royce, Jacob G 251 

T. W. D 251 

Rugg, Emma C. ... 239, 240 
Rundlett, Arthur B. ... 209 
Rupp, Joseph D. . . . 137,163 

Russell, Abel 101 

Caroline W. ... 235 
Edward .... 182 

Henry S 181 

" Ira 154 

James F. . . . 194,227 
" Jeremiah .... 130 



Russell, Jeremiah Jr. 141, 152, 227, 
232 
William ... 71, 101 
Willie M. . . . 145,209 
Rye, James (enlisted under name of 
Rye, but correct name 
James Barnard Whit- 
ney) .... 182 

SafFord, Thomas 114 

Salla, Joseph R. . . . 185,186 

Salter, Richard H 145 

Saltmarsh, William .... 114 
Sampson, Admiral .... 208 

Sanborn, George H 227 

" George W 186 

Lizzie W 235 

Sanderson, Henry . . 85, 86, 138 

Horace 138 

Isaac 21, 28, 33, 73, 74, 78 

Jacob 79 

" Josiah .... 45, 78 

Seth 74, 78 

Sands, John S 227 

Sanger, Charles E. . 141, 152, 251 
David 20, 25, 28, 32, 35, 38, 
39, 40, 43, 47, 75, 82, 
86, 87, 102, 107 

HannaS 236 

" John 78 

" Martha 214 

Nathaniel 4, 75, 102, 107 

" Richard 114 

Samuel 21, 22, 75, 78, 102, 

107. 240 

» Thomas .... 81, 85 

William ... 34, 75. 79 

William H. . . 138, 163 

Sargent, Horace Binney . . 179 

" Lorenzo D 182 

" Lucius M 146 

N. P 52 

Paul Dudley ... 99 
Winthrop .... 93 

Savage, John 85 

William H 215 

Sawen, Thomas 8 

Sawin, Daniel 26, 28, 32, 37, 45, 73, 
79, 86 
" John . 
John P. 



" Munning 
" Samuel 

Sawing, Daniel 

Sawtell, Enoch 
" Obadiah 
" Richard 

Sawyer, Captain 
" Ebenezer 
" John Jacob 

Scandlin, William G, 



7, 33, 73 

. 185 

7 

. 102 

. 102 

4 

8 

7 

131, 132 

. 59 

. 46 

. 156 



Index. 



277 



Scherer, John .... 154, 170 

Schley, Admiral 208 

Scott, General ...... 129 

Henry D 187 

William 99 

Woodburn C. . . . 174 

Scruton, E. F 143 

Scully, Thomas 153 

Seaver, Mr 63 

" William .... 72 

Sedgwick, Roger 2 

Seeley, Captain 115 

" Lieut 115 

" Robert 115 

Seldon, John S 227 

Severance, Augustus . 140, 181 

Shardol, Peter 102 

Sharp, James 131 

James E. . . 138, 163 

" Lieut 5 

« Supply T 245 

Shattuck, Amory N. , . . 138 

William 7, 8 

Shaw, Bartlett M 213 

Jackson H 227 

Linus A. . 216,227,231 

Orlando H 227 

Robert Q. . . 177, 191 

Sheahan, Thomas 139 

Shed, Zachariah ... 33, 73, 78 

Shedd, Luther A 251 

Sheldon, Peter 102 

Shepard, Alexander .... 92 
Alexander, Jr. . . 99, 101 

" Samuel 2 

Sheridan, General .... 231 

Sherman, Charles F. . 140, 184 

Frederick . . 205, 250 

" General .... 3, 231 

" John .... 3, 8, 115 

Robert 138 

William, Jr. ... 134 

Shugrue, Michael 252 

Shurtleff, James A 234 

" Perez (not Percy) 233, 234 
Sibley, Mark N. . . . 141, 152 
Siebold, Christian . . 211, 227 

Sill, Joseph 6, 109 

Silsbee, Alice M. . . 238, 239, 240 
Silva, Antonia .... 144, 205 
Sistrank, William .... 192 
Skeele, Milo B. . . . 139, 173 

Skinner, Charles 172 

" Henry R. . . 233, 234 

" Hiram D. . 227, 248, 252 

Lester ... 196, 199 

" Volney 234 

Slack, Charles B 187 

Sleeper, George H. . . 131, 133 

Smith, Abbie A 235 

'« Andrew 173 



Smith, Asa D 137 

Calvin .... 94, 100 

" Captain 104 

" Caroline A 235 

Charles E 234 

Charles W. . 216, 228, 232 

Colonel .... 52, 98 

" Commander .... 104 

" Daniel 7 

" David .... 86, 108 

David P 164 

" D. C 228 

" E 93 

Edith M 235 

Eliakim 251 

Frederick E. ... 234 

" George 234 

Gregg . . . 138, 163 

Guy 228 

Henry 228 

" James H. 138, 163, 228, 251 
John . . 86, 120, 144, 205 

" John J 138 

" Jonathan . . . 4, 7, 3 
" Joseph .... 4, 7, 8 

" Joshua 138 

" Lieut 77 

Lizzie M. . . 235, 236 
Oliver H. . . 155, 163 

Thomas 251 

" Thomas F 234 

Snodgrass, Ansel 228 

Snow, Bertha H 240 

George K 144 

George W 168 

Nancy N 235 

Walter B. . . 116,258 

William F 147 

Soden, Samuel 20, 27, 37, 42, 44, 45, 
74, 78 

Soper, Agnes 236 

Ralph T 234 

Soule, Horatio S 178 

Southcot, Mr 127 

Souther, Edward E 186 

(Souter) Moses 75, 79, 82 
Spaulding, Charles A. . 139, 173 

Spencer, A. A 143 

" William 2 

Spooner, Walter .... 63, 72 

Sprague, A. B. R 188 

James M 251 

Miles 251 

RoscoeL 209 

" Samuel 33 

William 102 

William Roy ... 209 
Spring, Converse . 34, 75, 79, 103 

" Henry 7 

" Jeduthan . . . . 115 
" Josiah 115 



278 



Waiertown's Military History. 



Spring, Marshall . 28, 75, 106, 115 
" Nicholas J. . . 209, 228 

" Samuel 45 

Sprout, Ebenezer .... 94 99 

Squeb, Captain 127 

Stacey, Albert H 138 

Staekpole, Edwin A. , . 141, 152 

Stafford, Thomas 78 

Stakes, William 192 

Stanley, John S. . , . 141, 152 

Stearns, Abbie C ' 240 

" Asa 115 

" Captain . . .97, 93, 102 

" Carrie M 235 

" Colonel 97 

" George IO3 

" Habakkak .... 103 

" Hannah HI 

" Herbert C 210 

" Isaac 121 

" John 7 

" Mary HO 

Peter II5 

" Phineas 22, 23, 25, 28, 29, 
32, 35, 36. 39, 74, 
78, 85, 103, 107, 
111, 115, 121 

" Samuel 7 

" Samuel F. 129, 136, 163, 184, 
216, 228, 242 



" Samuel G. 

" Seubael 
Stedman, Joseph 
Stelfox, James F. 
Stephenson, Luther, Jr, 

" Robert H. 

" Thomas G. 
Stetson, Ebenezer 
Stevens, Atherton H 

" John 

" William H 
Stewart, George H. 

" Sophie . 
Stickney, Albert 

" John K. 
Stiles, Frederick G. 
Stinison, Andrew 

" John 

" Jonas 

" Jonathan 
Stone, Abbie H. 

" Abijah . 74 

" Captain . 
Charles W 

" Colonel . 

" Cornelius 

David 27, 74 

" Deacon . 

" Ebenezer 
Elisa 

" George F 



28 



234 

7 

174 

170 

169 

167 

167 

75, 85 

182 

166 

189, 228 

234 

236 

176 

133 

174 

34 

28, 106, 108 
86 
7 

235, 236 

;, 103, 106 

51,68 

245, 258 

. 126 

. 79,86 

), 106, 240 

54 

. 28,73 

. 240 

. 194 



Stone, James 34 

John 7, HI 

" Jonathan 33, 45, 74, 78, 106 
" Josephine .... 125 

" Josie H 240 

" Lincoln R. ... 177 
" Moses 12, 14, 18, 21, 23, 25, 
27, 29, 30, 32, 33, 
35, 36, 37, 38, 40, 
43, 45, 73, 74, 78, 
85,86,93,103,106, 
115, 125, 126 

" Mr 245 

" Nathaniel 12, 18, 22, 23, 28, 

33, 40, 73, 106 
" Silas C 167 



" Walter C. 

" William 
Storer, Seth . . 
Story, William 
Stratton, Eunice 

" George R, 

" Homer R. 

" John 



258 
74, 86 
247 
103 
112 
234 
228 



20, 21, 22, 74, 78, 81, 
247 
Joshua .... 34,79,82 



" Nathan . 

" Nathaniel 
Sturgis, Mr. . . 
Sturtevant, Joseph 

" Lot . . 
Sullivan, Daniel (or 

" Dennis . 

" General . 

" James 

Mr. . . 

" Timothy 
Sumner, Allison R. 
Swan, James . . 

" Samuel . 

" Thomas . 
Swift, George 
Swinburn, Samuel 
Sylvester, James W. 



Tabor, Mabel R. 
Tainter, Amos 

" Cyrus 

" Eries 

" George W. 

" John 

" John, Jr. 

" Sarah . 
Taylor, Captain . 

*' Doctor . 
Eldad . 

" George W. 

" Jane B. 

" John 
Tayntor, Joseph . 
Teele, George E. 



138 



51 



103 
85, 103 
71 
239, 240 
239, 240 
Dennis) 163 
138, 189 
. 115 
63, 181 
. 51, 68 
182 
1, 163, 195 
. 101 
74 
7 
. 228 
. 138 
141, 175 



. 239 
78 
86 

28, 75, 107 

. 138 

74, 76, 85 

. 115 

. 109 

90, 104 

54, 65, 63 

72 

. 185 

. 235 

. 143 

4 

216, 228 



Index, 



279 



Teele Eliza M. . . . 


. . 235 


Terry, Timothy W. 


. . 187 


Tervis, John .... 


. . 103 


Thatcher, Colonel 93, 97, 


98,102,103, 


121 




" Samuel . . . 


7, 90, 113 


" Thomas . . . 


. . 86 


Thayer, J. Henry . . 


. . 173 


" Samuel G. 


. . 234 


Thomas, Arad . . . 


. . 228 


" Fred A. . 2 


16, 228, 232 


" Frederick A. . 


. . 210 


" Mary A. . . 


. 235,236 


Orson C. . . 


. 139, 173 


Thompson, C. H. . . 


. . 138 


•' De Witt C. 


. . 181 


«' George . . . 


. . 115 


" James F. . . 


. . 155 


L. P. ... 


. . 246 


Otis A. . . 


. . 205 


William . . 


. . 205 


Thurston, Charles S. . 


. 206,229 


Thwing, Charles G. 


. . 229 


Tibbetts, N. D. . . . 


. . 138 


Tileston, George F. 


. . 154 


Tillson, Hannah . . 


. . 236 


" Hiram B. . 


. . 229 


Tilton, Daniel P. . . 


. 141,176 


Walter H. . . 


. . 206 


Timony, John . . . 


. . 252 


Timothy, John . . . 


. . 199 


Titcomb, Lucy . . . 


. . 214 


Tolman, Alvin F. . 


216, 229, 232 


" Charles E. . . 


. . 210 


» Elijah . . . 


75, 81, 103 


" Elisha , . . 


. . 79 


Frank S. . . 


. 233,234 


Tomlinson, G. W. . . 


. . 231 


Toohev, Isaac . . . 


. . 189 


Toole, Patrick . . . 


. 141,152 


Tower, Georgianna P. . 


. . 240 


*< Peter . . . 


. . 240 


Towle, Charles J. . . 


. 229,232 


" Samuel K. . 


. 169, 188 


Towne, F. Warren . . 


. . 206 


Townsend, David . . 


. . 86 


Luther T. . . 


. 229, 249 


Train, Thomas . . . 


. . 7 


Treadwell, Henry S. 


. 141,176 


" Joshua B. . 


. . 152 


Tremlett, Henry M. 


. . 172 


Tripp, Alden W. 


. . 206 


David F. . 


216. 229, 232 


Trull, Ezra J. . . 


140, 156, 173 


" George G. . 


. . . 184 


« Mr. . , . 


. . . 132 


Trumbull, Jonathan 


. . .56, 57 


Trundy, C. A. . . 


. . . 229 


Tucker, Julius M. . 


. . . 178 


Tufts, Elias . . . 


. . . 79 


" James 


. . . 79 



Tulford, John 103 

Turner, Charles P 206 

Colonel .... 97, 103 

Frank W 206 

" Henry A 175 

William .... 6 

Tyghe, Joseph .... 152,229 

Joseph G 141 

" Joseph L 234 

Tyler, Nathan 96 

Tyng, Edward 4 

Underhilli John 2 

Underwood, Adin B. . . . 170 
Thomas 8, 113 

Van Arsdale, Charles D. . . 234 

Vassal, John 74 

Vaughan, John 143 

Vila, John .... 34,74,78 

Vinton, Joseph, Jr 143 

Vose, Captain ... 91, 97, 98 

Wade, Abner 98 

Wadsworth, Samuel . 4, 5, 6, 114 

Waite, Curtis M 229 

" Joseph 7 

Walcott, John W 184 

Waldock, James 169 

Wales, Ebenezer 86 

Elkanah . 28, 75, 79, 106 

" Jacob 97 

" Samuel 8 

Walker, N. 211, 229 

Samuel . . . 192,240 

Wall, William 199 

Wallace, Daniel L 190 

•' Samuel 229 

" William E. . . 193, 194 
Wallcutt, Captain ... 98, 100 

Walton, Captain 103 

John 90 

Ward, Artemas .... 57, 60 
Colonel ... 114, 115 

Edwin F 172 

« General .... 51, 66 

" George H 156 

JohnM 163 

John N 138 

" Samuel 81 

Thadeus . . . . 82, 103 
Wardsworth, Hannah . . . 114 

Wardwell, David K 172 

Ware, Robert 175 

Warren, Colonel 63 

" Daniel . 4, 6, 6, 7, 51, 65 

" Elizabeth .... 236 

General . 97, 127. 128, 231 

" Grace 122 

J 53 

James . . 64, 71, 72, 119 



28o 



Water t own! s Military History. 



Warren, John 122 

Jonathan 91. 93, 97, 98, 102 
'< Joseph 56, 60, 62, 64, 71, 
118, 127 

Lydia 122 

" Margaret .... 122 

'« Mary 110 

Michael 140 

Michael M 154 

Nathan . . . 103, 104 
" Nathaniel .... 104 

Orin 170 

Phinehas .... 122 
" Samuel . 79,82,104,106 

" William 45 

Washburn, Abraham ... 80 

" Andrew 188 

" Francis 182 

Washington, G'ineral 66, 117, 119, 

121, 124, 234 

Lady .... 117, 121 

Wass, Ansel D 182 

" Colonel 179 

Waterhouse, Fred L. ... 229 

Waters, Joseph 199 

« Theodore .... 137 
Watson, Abraham .... 60 

" Captain 121 

" ElishaF 154 

Jacob 90 

" Joseph 138 

Mr 51 

William 79, 82, 86, 106, 108 

Waumpey, Isaac 104 

Way, Mr 243 

Wayte, John 6 

Webb, James A. . . . 138, 163 
Webber, A.. Carter .... 175 

Charles H 229 

Charles W 186 

Webster, Fletcher . . . 155, 245 

" Jonathan 52 

Weitz, Louise 236 

Welch, Charles 211 

« James 104 

John . . . 216, 229, 232 

Weld, Stephen M 178 

Wellington, Benjamin ... 8 

" George 115 

John 7,75,79,82,105,107 

« Joseph 7, 74 

" Samuel .... 33, 106 

« Thaddeus 115 

Thomas . . 15, 17, 74, 79 

Wells, Edwin G 164 

" George D 145 

Wenmouth, Richard J. . . . 210 
Wentworth, Andrew O. . . . 176 

West, William M 171 

William W 139 

Westerfield, Henry .... 230 



Whall, William . . . 174,206 

William W 184 

Wheaton, Charles, Jr. ... 146 
Wheeler, Ephraim .... 25, 104 

Lulu B 236 

Whitcomb, Asa 95 

Colonel 51 

" John 57, 64 

White, Benjamin 60 

" Captain 55 

Charles C 230 

Charles H. . . 206, 210 

Charles W 230 

George T 146 

" Jedediah 115 

Joel . 27, 79, 85, 106, 108 
Jonas 19, 27, 29, 30, 32, 42, 
43, 44, 45, 74, 75, 79, 
85, 108 

" Mary 235 

Mary A. . . . 239,240 

" Rebecca 110 

Samuel 14, 20, 25, 26, 27, 
32, 34, 36,37, 38, 
40, 42, 44, 45, 47, 
48,74.78, 79, 81, 
85, 106, 108 

«' Sarah L 251 

Whitman V 178 

William . . 79, 82, 115 

William F 179 

William G. . 140, 163, 196 
Whitemarsh, Thomas F. . . 138 

Whiting, Henry 108 

John 104 

" Nathaniel . . . 131, 133 

Stephen 108 

W^hitney, Abigail 124 

Abram 45, 75, 78, 86, 240 

AUstonW 156 

Arthur H 258 

" B 252 

Charles 252 

" Daniel 12, 33, 74, 75, 78, 
85, 105, 108 
David ... 78, 104, 107 

" Dorothy 112 

" Eliza 75 

Elnathan . . 75, 79, 106 

" Ephraim 85 

Ezekiel . . 75, 79, 82, 86 

" Frank 125 

" Henry 75 

'• Hiram 133 

" Israel 74 

" James E 175 

" John 4, 75, 78, 82, 104, 

107, 139, 143, 173, 

252 

" Jonathan ... 7, 75, 78 

Josiah . . . 101, 103, 104 



Index. 



281 



Whitnejs Leonard 252 

" Leonard, Jr 133 

Minetta J 240 

" Moses .... 4, 7, 252 

" Nathaniel 85 

Ruggles 33 

'« Samuel . . 7, 28, 75, 106 

" Simon 27, 30. 33, 43, 45, 47, 

75, 105, 108 

Solon F. . . . 116, 256 

Stephen 21, 28, 75, 78, 85 

Tabitlm 113 

" Thomas 7 

Whiton, John C 175 

Whittemore, Benjamin F. . . 177 

" George A 164 

George H 138 

Horace 0. . . • . 169 

"Whitten, Lyman B 189 

Margaret F 235 

Whitton, Margaret E. . . . 233 
WiggleswortlC Edward . . 93, 94 

Wilbur, George B 133 

Wilde, Edward A 171 

Wilder, Jackson 192 

Wilkins, Henry A 140 

Henry E 166 

" Joseph G. . . . 141, 176 

Willard, Bial W 239 

Captain 109 

" Major 3 

Sidney 171 

" Simon 2 

Willey, Annie L 230 

Williams, Abraham .... 7 

" Captain 94 

Charles 168 

" H. F 233 

Horace P 178 

" Joseph 102 

" Major 158 

" Robert 179 

William 116 

Willie, Peter 230 

Willington, John 104 

" Jonathan 104 

" Palgrave 8 

Samuel .... 24, 29 

" Thomas 94 

Willis, Charles 85 

Henry A 177 

Willson, Thomas 104 

Wilson, Alice L 240 

Charles H 230 



Wilson, Daniel A. . . . 141, 152 

E. P 248 

Israel N 185 

" James .... 141, 152 

John G 181 

" Margaret 236 

M. Caroline . . 238, 239 

Silas C 206 

Thomas . . 48, 196, 199 

^Villiam H 258 

Wincol, Sergt 109 

Windham, John 4 

Winship, Joshua 104 

Win slow, Helen M 238 

Winthrop, Governor . . . . 113 

John 1, 2, 72 

Wolcott, Oliver 56 

Wood, Andrew 192 

Dolly 110 

Herbert S 234 

" Samuel 7 

Woodbridge, Captain .... 100 
Woodbury, William H. . 139, 173 

Woodfin, Philip T 187 

Wood sum, William .... 186 
Woodward, George .... 7 

Mary D 239 

" P. T 230 

Woodvvorth, C. L. ! . . . . 212 

Worcester, George S 189 

William E. C. . 147. 152 
Worth, Alonzo K. 138, 155, 164. 

216, 230 
Charles A. . . 233, 234 

Charles S 230 

Cora A 235 

Ellen S 235 

Wray, James 166 

Wright, Amos 239 

Frank 138 

Georges 123 

'< Joseph 4 

LeviP 188 

Wyer, Edwin F 152 

Wyman, Powell T. (Colonel) 136, 167, 

243,244, 245 

Wyth, Ebenezer 74 

Yates, Mr 7 

York, Charles A 258 

Young, George U 230 

Joseph .... 143, 199 
Joseph H 252 



I 



Li'ife