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Vol. XXI : No. 5. SEPTEMBER, 1915. Price, Ten Cents. 









The Story of France 




THE ROMAN CONQUEST: The Gauls, the Druids, the 
Minstrels, etc. 

THE PRANKISH CONQUEST: Clovis, the Triumph of 
Christianity, Defeat of Saracens, etc. 


THE DARK AGES: Feudalism, Superstition, Papal Power 
and Tyranny, Religious Persecutions. 




JOAN OF ARC : Her pure girlhood; heroic nfission; saves 
France ; burnt to death by priests of Rome; then cano- 
nized as a saint. 


THE OLD REGIME: What it was in Church and State. 

The Rule of the Harlots, both in Church and State. 

Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. The Dragonnades. 

Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte, and reorganization of 

both Church and State. 

In the preparation of this work, the author exhausted all 
the known sources of information, and no work on the subject 
has superseded his. It is standard, and will remain so. 

Mr. Watson bought out his publishers, the MacMillans, 
and he now owns plates, copyright and all. 


The Jeffetsonian Publishing Co. 

July, 1914 Thomson, - Georgia 

Watson's Magazine 

tncered as second-ciass matter January 4, 1911, at the Post Office at Thomson, Georgia, 
Under the e/lct of March 3. 1879. 


Vol. XXL SEPTEMBER, 1915 No, 5 


FRONTISPIECE— Thos. E. Watson 







% 'A 








Thos. E. Watson 

August, 1915 

Watson's Magazine 

THOS. E. WATSON, Editor 

TKe Dark Ages; TTie Extinction of Learning 

TRe Renaissance and the Beginning of Modern Intellectual 


rHE Eenaissance, the Revival of 
Learning, is itself a tremendous 
indictment of Popery, Why 
should there have been in Europe such 
a night of ignorance and superstition, 
that the old Pagan hooks had to he 
called upon to sound the trump of 

Is it not the utmost condemnation 
of what the Roman Catholic hierarchy 
had done for Europe, that the literary 
genius of Paganism had to be invoked 
to revive learning and civilization? 

Blessed be the Revival: accursed be 
they who made such a re-birth of 
Letters necessary. 

Who were the men, and what was 
the influence which had put out the 
light of learning, brought on the 
Dark Ages, and made the Renaissance 
an era in historj^? 

It was a pope that had the vast 
imperial libraries of Rome hurned! 
The name of this foe to learning was 
Gregory the Great. It was he who 
proclaimed that ins^Diring and char- 
acteristic papal dogma, '"'Ignorance is 
the mother of devotion P'' 

In the destruction of the Palatine 
collection of manuscripts, disappeared 
forever some of the richest treasures 
of the ancient world. 

Among those lost treasures were 

not only the missing books of Livy, 

.over which scholars so much mourn. 

but also the 20-volume history of the 
Etrurian people which the Emperor 
Claudius had caused the Roman sages 
to carefully compile. 

(See Old Etruria and Modem Tus- 
cany, p. 10, by M. L. Cameron. 
Methuen & Co., London. Publishers, 

The Emperor Justinian was the 
Catholic bigot who shut up the classic 
schools, and dispersed the teachers. 

How can the modern student doubt 
the causes of the mental decadence of 
Europe, when he learns that the 
Roman priests burnt the vast accumu- 
lations of books at Alexandria and at 
Rome, and that they influenced the 
emperors to abolish the schools? 

What can the human race do, when 
the religious caste gains such power 
over the governmental machiner}'^, that 
it can compel the destruction of liter- 

How can the multitude learn, when 
there is nobody to teach? 

If the Roman Catholic Church calls 
Gregory the Great, because that pre- 
late gains such control over the State, 
as to forbid school-teaching, burn the 
Emperor's priceless libraries, and 
annihilate culture, why should the 
defenders of that church deny the 
natural consequences ? 

If men can become educated and 



enlightened, without books and with- 
out teachers, tell us how/ 

The pope whom the Catholics calk'd 
"Great," gloried in his temporary 
obliteration of existing literature, and 
he established the maxim that, '"ignor- 
ance is the mother of devotion." 

That being done, the Dark Ages fell 
upon Europe, and mankind groped in 

Instead of Homer, Sophocles, Euri- 
pides, Virgil, Horace, and Juvenal, 
the little band of Europeans who 
could read, bent their dutiful heads 
over manuscripts which told of how 
the Devil appeared here, and how 
the Virgin Mary appeared yonder, 
and how the holy bones of some 
most blessed Martyr had wrought 




. ■ i 1 

midnight gloom for a thousand years. 
Civilization disappeared. 

Instead of the histories of Livy, 
Tacitus, Suetonius, Thucidydes, Hero- 
dotus, and Xenophon, those Euro- 
peans who could read at all, had to 
swallow such gruel as the ludicrous 
writings of (iregory of Tours. 

Instead of Plutarch, Plato, Seneca, 
Marcus, Aurelius, and Epictetus, few 
Christians who could gain access to 
books had to debauch their common 
sense with most blessed, most miracu- 
lous, and most childish "Lives of the 

marvels for them that truly believed. 

In Ha Ham's Middle Ages, in 
Buckle's History of Civilization, in 
Draper's Intellectual Progress of 
Europe, and in many other standard 
works, you may find samples of the 
mental hog-wash that the Roman 
Catholic Church doted on, during 
those Dark Ages she brought upon 
the world. 

In many of the books on subjects 
hitherto neglected, we find references 
to the contents of the libraries belong- 
ing to kings, colleges, and universi- 



Information of this sort throws a 
flood of Wght on the mental culture of 
the Dark Ages. 

"Wlien we find that a great univer- 
sit}' owns almost no books at all, ex- 
cepting Roman Catholic "devotionals," 
we need no further evidence to con- 
vince us that the people had no litera- 
ture whatever. 

"Old English Libraries," is the title 
of a volume issued in 1912 by A. C. 
McClurg, Chicago: the author is 
Ernest A, Savage. 

The book is exceedingly valuable 
because of what it reveals concerning 
the attitude of the Church toward 
Learning. One is amazed to find 
that metallic chains were used to 
fasten each Hymnal and Breviary, 
and Selections from the Bible to the 
walls; and we cannot understand why 
it was necessary to chain these books 
from the seizure of the reading 
monks, until we read the following 
passage from St. Jerome — 

"Books are clothed with precious 
stones, whilst Christ's poor die at the 

We are told that the very few 
copies of devotional works possessed 
by the Catholic churches, were richly 
adorned with gold, silver, and gems; 
one of these — The Gospels of Lindau 
— bearing nearly 500 gems encrusted 
in gold. 

Obviously, they had to chain the 
book, to keep some larcenous monk 
from making off with the gems. (See 
page 108, Old English Libraries.) 

The Exeter Cathedral Library had 
amassed a hoard of sixty devotional 

In the Corpus Christi College, Cam- 
bridge, there were, in 1327, a collec- 
tion of 230 volumes, the harvest of 
200 years of accumulation. 

In the Salisbury Cathedral, there 
were, in the fifteenth century, nearly 
200 manuscripts, mostly devotional. 

In St. Paul's Cathedral, 1245, the 

inventory of the library showed thir- 
ty-five volumes. 

Tlie University of Oxford had the 
finest literar}^ collection in England. 
Kings, lords ,and bishops made dona- 
tions to it, until, in 1440, the volumes 
numbered about 400. 

The next best collection was at 
Peterhouse, where they gloated over 
380 volumes — all securely chained, to 
prevent the "religious" from stealing 
the be-jeweled covers. 

So exceptional was it for a mere 
clerk (a parish priest) to own a book 
of any sort, that the poet Chaucer 
mentions, as a distinguished fact, that 
the fifth husband of the Wife of Bath, 
an Oxford priest, "hadde a book." 

Apparently, her other husbands had 
never possessed so rare a treasure. 

Yet the Papist writers of 1915 are 
endeavoring to convince mankind that 
there was never such a period as the 
Dark Ages, and that literaiy culture 
was more excellent and universal in 
the Middle Ages than at present — 
even though it was an age when hogs, 
cattle, and outlaws ran loose, while 
the pitiful little array of books was 
chained to the walls inside the cathe- 
drals, and the universities! 

In 1910, a Boston publishing house 
brought out a work entitled, "Royal 
Palaces and Parks of France." 

On page 83, we are told that King 
John the Good of France, who reigned 
in the middle of the fourteenth cen- 
tury, had a royal library consisting 
of eleven volumes, four of these books 
being "devotional." When a crowned 
head of such a progressive nation as 
the French possessed only seven books 
of any value, what must have been 
the utter lack of literature among the 
common people ! 

The successor of John the Good, 
made great efl'orts to collect a library ; 
and, after all his exertions, his cata- 
logue, made in 1373, showed only 910 
volumes, considered "an immense 
number for those times." 



The historians say that the Renais- 
sance Ix'gan with "the lieretics," such 
as Abehird. and the Arabian, Aver- 
roes, and his great patron, Frederick 
II., "the arch-heretic." They men- 
tion Roger Bacon, the pioneer in 
physical science, whom the Church 
iiuprisoned for fourten years, because 
of his independence of research. 
Petrarch, they call the "almost, first 
collector and loving studewt of Latin 
Utanuscripts, the Christian who adored 
the pagan thinkers." 

If such a patrician, poet and scholar 
as Petrarch was under the necessity 
of searching, here and there, in 
obscure corners and cup-boards, to 
■find a hidden classic, what must have 
been the ignorance of the common 
plebians ! 

No complete copy of Virgil could 
he found until the year 1469. Greg- 
ory the Great had burnt every Roman 
classic he could lay his fanatical 
hands on ! 

At that very time, the splendid 
schools of the Mohammedan Caliphs 
were malring Bagdad and Alexandria 
seats of learning; the manuscripts 
that had escaped Time and the 
fanatics were being industriously col- 
lected; and scribes were kept busy 
making copies for general use. In 
Spain, the Moors had established such 
magnificent colleges that students 
from all over Europe eagerly sought 
among the disciples of Mahomet, the 
learning which was a forbidden, im- 
possible thing in the realm of the 

(See Sismondi's History Literature 
of Southern Europe, Vol. I.) 

Another great forerunner of the 
Revival of Learning, was the French 
skeptic, Montaigne, who lived within 
the Church — which he laughed at — 
and kissed the foot of the pope, whose 
monstrous imposture he punctured 
with his pen. 

As a conventional Catholic, he 
resembled Rabelais, Abelard, and 

Erasmus in doing enormous harm to 
the hierarchy which sought, in Ciirist's 
name, to rule the world through fear, 
Ignorance, and superstition. 

lie rejected all pojiish stories of 
marvels and mirncles. used iiis shrewd 
common sense in the study of all ques- 
tions, was a devoted student of the 
pagan classics, and held the Roman 
Catholic literature in deepest con- 

The supreme work of the Renais- 
sance (at least of that of Italy), is 
by John Addington Symonds, a 
shorter version of which was prepared 
by Alfred Pearson, in 1893. 

(Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 
published an edition of it ; and this, 
I am using.) 

On page 136, is the statement: 

"We are, however, justified in hail- 
ing Petrarch as the Columbus of a 
neAv spiritual hemisphere, the discov- 
erer of modern culture. . . . 

"From him the inspiration needed 
to quicken curiosity and stimulate 
zeal for knowledge proceeded. 

"But for his intervention in tiie 
fourteenth century, it is possible that 
the Revival of Learning, and all that 
it implies, might have heen delayed 
too late. (Italics mine.) 

"The vast influence he immediately 
exercised" (because of his school of 
disciples in Florence) "while Dante 
remained comparatively 
inoperative, proves that the age was 
specially prepared to receive his in- 

Petrarch died in 1453. It was in 
1478, twenty-five years later, that 
Pope Sixtus IV. set up the devilish 
Inquisition in Spain, and began to 
burn Jews, Moors and Spaniards who 
were tainted with mental indepen- 

During the next four years, two 
thousand human beings were burnt 
alive, in the single province of Cas- 
tile. Andalusia became a shambles; 
m some places, a desert. 



In 1492, Torqiiemada appeared be- 
fore Ferdinand and Isabella, raised 
his crucifix, and cried, "Judas sold 
Christ for thirty pieces of silver; sell 
ye him for a larger sum, and account 
tor the same to God." 

It was enough. In those days, when 
a pope, or a priest, declared God's 
pleasure, no man dared say that the 
pope knew no more what God's pleas- 
ure was than any one else. The 
priest's will, is God's will, and if you 
oppose a priest, vou are an enemy of 

That is literally the priest's point 
of view, and to the extent that he can 
impress it upon others, he usurps 
God''s place in this world, and the 

And I fear that all organized priest- 
hoods are dreadfuly alike, in that 

As fast as they could flee the mur- 
derous rage of the Roman Catholic 
priests of Spain, 800,000 Jews got out 
of the blighted land, leaving houses 
and chattels, gold and silver, glad to 
escape with their lives. 

It was this lustful and savage beast, 
Pope Sixtus, whose name is yet borne 
by the Sistine chapel, at the Vatican, 
where other popes, no better at heart, 
carry on their pagan rites. 

(Symonds' Short History of the 
Renaissance, pages 67, 8 and 9.) 

It was on June 1, 1501, Alexander 
VI., the father of Caesar and Lucretia 
Borgia, the pope who caused Savo- 
narola to be burned, the pope who 
murdered many, and who finally pois- 
oned himself in his effort to poison 
Cardinal Corneto — it was just a few 
years after Columbus landed in the 
Bahama Islands, that Pope Alexander 
VI. endeavored to shackle the free 
thoughts and pens of scholars, hy 
estahlishing the Index of prohibited 

By this Brief, the worst pope that 
had reigned at Kome since the days 
of Pope John, the Sodomist, created 

a censorship of the press, requiring 
that a papal license be obtained before 
any book should be issued. 

In the list of authors condemned by 
this papal Brief, and placed on the 
Index, from time to time, appear the 
names of Dante, Arisoto, Francis 
Bacon, Boccaccio, Bruno, Bishop Bur- 
nett (who wrote the standard His- 
tory of the Reformation in England), 
John Calvin, Chambers (on account 
of his Encyclopedia), Bayle (on ac- 
count of his celebrated Historical Dic- 
tionary,) COPERNICUS (on account 
of his work on Astronomy, which is 
now the accepted theory of all the 
world), John Burchard (on account 
of the Diary which revealed the 
shameful private life in the Vatican), 
ERASMUS (on account of his Praise 
of Folly, Familiar Colloquies, Insti- 
tution of Christian Marriages, «S;c.,), 
MONTAIGNE (on account of his 
Essays), MILTON, on account of his 
Paradise Lost, as well as his defense 
of free printing popular government. 

But what had been, for a thousand 
years, the attitude and the policy of 
the Roman Catholic Church toward 
classic culture'^ What had been her 
principle and her practise, in regard 
to the very masterpieces of ancient 
learning and genius which are now 
the text-books in all academies, and 
the treasures of all libraries? 

On page 132 of Symond's History, 
we read: 

"The Church, while battling with 
paganism, recognized her deadliest foe 
in literature^ 

Therefore, the classic literature must 
be destroyed. And so thoroughly was 
the fatal work done in the pope's 
kingdoms, that when Poggio acci- 
dentally discovered a hidden copy of 
Quintilian, his lucky find was the sen- 
sation of the day ! 

There were European enthusiasts 
who devoted their lives to the diligent 
search for the exceedingly few ancient 
manuscripts that had been hidden 



awa}', and thus saved from the de- 
vouring fanaticism of Papal Kome. 

When Ciriaeo di Ancona was asked 
the purpose of his continual wander- 
ing in search of manuscripts, he 
nobly answered, "/ go to awake the 

(See Hudson's Renaissance^ page 

The pagans had to be called back to 
life in order that learning and civ- 
ilization might once more bless man- 

In the time of Petrarch and Boc- 
caccia, there was no grammar and no 
dictionary in existence, throughout 
Italy: and the student had to depend 
on oral instruction. (Hudson, page 

Not only did Europe have to rely 
upon the Mohammedans and the 
Greek Catholics for teachers, but for 
books, also; and without these Arab 
and Greek teachers, it is impossible 
to see how Koman Catholic Europe 
would ever have emerged from dark- 

After the pioneer teachers had 
kindled enthusiasm for the pagan 
classics, the great Medici family im- 
ported literature by the ship-load 
from the East, and even the popes 
became purchasers of what their pre- 
decessors had anathematized. 

Nicholas V. paid 500 ducats for a 
copy of Polybius, 1,000 florins for 
Strabo, and is said to have collected 
5,000 of the old pagan works. (Hud- 
son, p. 44.) 

Lorenzo de Medici (the Magnifi- 
cent) sent the Greek scholar, Lascaris, 
on two journeys to the East, in quest 
of the precious books whose European 
versions and copies had all been de- 
stroyed by the Roman Catholic 
Church. These treasures which the 
Greek Catholics had preserved, were 
brought to Florence, and from thence 
copies travelled over Europe. It is 
curious to note, that Lascaris obtained 
200 of these ancient classics from the 

Greek Catholic monastery at Mount 
Athos, on the Sinaitic peninsula, the 
same monastery which was in posses- 
sion of an older Bible than that whicii 
was kept under lock and key at 
Rome. (Hudson's Renaissance^ page 

Says Hudson, on page 38, "A bar- 
rier of ignorance and misunderstand- 
ing had been reared hy theology,, 
between the mind of the mediaeval 
man and that of the classic ages." 

Why not confess the whole truth, 
in the words of naked candor: the 
Roman Catholic prelates realized that 
they could not impose their system, on 
the human race, UNLESS CLASSIC 

It would have been futile, to forbid 
men to think, and at the same time 
permit them to read the books which 
supplied them with ideas. 

The absolute fact is, that the almost 
complete destruction of ancient litera- 
ture was a necessary part of the 
Roman system to enslave the European 

We owe our emancipation, and our 
salvation, to the Greek Catholics, to 
the Arab scholars, to the dauntless 
skeptics, and to such martyrs as 
Arnold of Brescia, Jerome of Prague, 
John Huss, Tyndale and Wyclitie, an< 
the invincible ex-monk, Martin Lu- 

The man and the occasion met, 
when Martin Luther threw off the 
yoke of Rome, appealed to the Bible, 
and defied the Powers of earth ! 

Since then, the world has gone for- 
ward, wherever the pope has been 
scorned and defied, as Luther scorned 
and defied him. 

Learning heard a Gabriel's trump, 
and came forth in radiant Resurrec- 

Men breathed again, and the un- 
shackled human brain started the loom 
of Modernism, from which has been 



woven such a wondrous garment for 
the re-clothing of old earth. 

For more than ten hundred years, 
Europe had hardly advanced a step. 
It was a deadly sin to inquire. It 
was heresy to advance. 

The tortured Galileo found it so: 
Corpenicus found it so: Roger Bacon 
found it so: Wyclitfe found it so: 
Bruno found it so: Abelard found 
it so. 

The popes ruled by direct succession 
from Jesus Christ: the kings ruled by 
Divine Eight, as ascertained by the 
popes: the people were nothing. 

It was theirs to obey, to toil and 
moil, to be thankfully content with 
the condition in which they found 
themselves. It was theirs to support 
Sir Pope, Sir Priest, Sir King, and 
Sir Noble. 

The dogma that sovereignty is 
vested in the people, and that all just 
government is based on the consent of 
the governed, was a damnable heresy, 
a deadly sin. 

In the eyes of popes, there was no 
legality, or permissibility in democra- 
cies and republics. Monarchies, alone, 
were lawful, and pleasing in the sight 
of the Lora. 

For, look you ! did not the pope 
appoint the cardinals, and did not the 
cardinals appoint the pope? 

Yea, verily. The laity and the 
lower clergy had no voice in the mat- 
ter. From generation to generation, 
popes named cardinals^ and cardinals 
named popes. 

A closer corporation was never 
known. It was self-elective, self-per- 
petuating, absolute in authority, and 
beyond the reach of any Recall. 

"What the popes had at length made 
of the Church, they wanted the State 
to be. 

And they had it so in the Dark 
Ages. They had it so, even in the 
Middle Ages. They had it so, in 
some countries, a dozen years ago. 

In some parts of South America, 

and of Europe, they have it so, right 
now. (Peru, Austria, and — to a lesser 
degree — Spain.) 

To forever escape the paralyzing 
clutches of Idngs, popes, and priest- 
hoods, our forefathers fled to the 
North American wilderness, and 
founded this republic upon anti-papal 

No truthful student will contradict 
this statement, without contradicting 
our Declaration of Independence, our 
Constitution, and our Bill of Rights. 
Unless we are cravenly false to the 
principles of our ancestors, and totally 
unworthy of the bloody sacrifices with 
which they wrested our civil rights 
and religious liberties from popes and 
kings, the stealthy and sinister en- 
croachments of the Italian hierarchy 
will be met at all points, by Ameri- 
cans who are ready to fight and to 
die for our inheritance, as our fore- 
fathers were to win it. 

So far as the religions of Christen- 
dom are concerned, popery is the only 
system which has reduced the layman 
to a cipher, voiceless, voteless, and 
impotent. He luxuriates in one priv- 
ilege only, that of taking orders from 
the priesthood, and paying all the ex- 
penses. The Roman church kindly 
allows the laj'man to dip his fingers 
into the holy water, and into his own 
pockets. The priest furnishes the 
water, and the layman furnishes 
everything else. 

Even the candles have no virtues, 
until the priests have blessed the 
beeswax. When the laymen buy the 
tapers, the clerical middleman enjoys 
his unctions laugh at the expense of 
industrious laborers on each side of 
him — the busy bee that made the wax, 
and the busy biped who sweated for 
the coin which paid for the candle. 

A "religion" which closes the mouth 
and mind of the layman, while it 
exercises unlimited sovereignty over 
his pocketbook and his filial obedi- 
ence, is most assuredly a sort of Tro- 



jan horse entering the citadels of 
modern enlightenment. 

Nothing is more puzzling to the 
average non-Catholic than the mental 
despotism Avhich a low-class, ignorant 
priest can establish over educated and 
really intellectual laymen. 

We cannot grow accustomed to the 
phenomena of this utter prostration 
of Reason. We never get used to see- 
ing brave citizens — manly, intelligent, 
and progressive in all other respects — 
quail before a threatened denial of 
"absolution," cringe before a hint of 
excommunication, and fall on their 
knees when a flat little cake of bread 
passes by, escorted by frock-wearing 
men who say that they have turned 
the wafer into Jesus Christ. 

In every realm where facts can be 
ascertained by research, and weighed 
with an intelligent sense of propor- 
tion, the human mind has achieved 
marvellously; but in those mysterious 
regions, where nothing can be laiown, 
nothing seen, nothing proven, we sur- 
render as tamely, as completely, as 
pussillanimously, as the negroes of 
San Domingo capitulate to the sav- 
age, unkempt, utterly ignorant Papa- 
loi and Mamaloi of Vaudroux. 

It is the most astounding, appall- 
ing, and insoluble phenomena of the 
twentieth century. That the poor 
black man should fall down and wor- 
ship a god of his own making, is a 
wonder m itself: that brown men and 
yellow men should do it, excites our 
derision and abhorrence: but that the 
Caucasian should do it — the Caucasian 
of the academy and of the exclusive 
circles of high society, as well as the 
Caucasian who does not know the 
alphabet — is absolutely the most be- 
wildering, stupifying and benumbing 
miracle of the ages. 

In Christendom, you will find shops 
where idols are made for the heathen; 
and these images are shipped abroad 
m the ordinary course of trade, just 
as though they were hats, shoes, 

cigars, and rum. But the same shops 
also manufacture Madonnas, Saints, 
and Crucifixes for the Christians; and 
these images are sold throughout the 
lands of Roman Catholicism, to be 
worshipped with exactly the same out- 
ward manifestations that the heathen 

The Romanist priest is quick to 
explain that his devotees worship, not 
the idol, but the idea bodied forth by 
the image. The heathen priest tells 
us the same story. 

Whom shall we believe? 

To our dispassionate eyes, there is 
no discernible difference between the 
heathen kneeling before his man-made 
images, and the Christians prostrate 
before man-made Virgin and Saint. 

How can we know there is a differ- 
ence? Particularly, when we see that 
the Roman Catholics exercise a 
decided preference for some idols over 
others, and are ready to murder the 
scoffer who breaks, or defiles, one of 
those gods made out of wood and 
stone ? 

In the years when our forefathers 
were slowly drifting into the Revolu- 
tionary War or 1T76, the Roman Cath- 
olics of France seized, imprisoned, 
tortured, and beheaded a young 
Frenchman who failed to take off his 
hat, as the priests carried the bread 
and the idols through the streets. His 
name was Chevalier De la Barre. 
Before killing him, they tore out his 
tongue by the roots, and chopped off' 
his right hand. After chopping his 
head from his shoulders, they burned 
his body. All this was done in the 
presence of the Bishop La Motte. It 
was July 1, 1766. 

The clergy of non-Catholic Chris- 
tian sects do not claim any peculiar 
powers. They do not pretend to work 
miracles, forgive sins, and carry the 
keys of an imaginary place called pur- 
gatory. They do not claim that their 
ownership of the disciple should ex- 
tend from the cradle in which he is 



born, to the bed in which he lies with 
his wife, and to the cemetery in which 
his bones shall decay. They do not 
arrogate to themselves the right to 
forbid civil marriage, dictate educa- 
tion, and to say that no sinner shall 
approach his bavior excepting througli 
the priest — thus making a mediator 
to the Mediator! 

Much less do the non-Catholic clergy 
usurp the right of the layman in the 
matter of reading books, shutting him 
otf from the inestimable privilege of 
seeking the Truth in his own way, 
with his own intelligence. 

Pardon me for illustrating by a 
recent example how this popish policy 
cuts the Catholic laj^man otf from the 
historic events which everybody else 
knows. I quote from a newspaper 
item which recently went the rounds 
of the press: 

London. — A curious little story is told 
about King Alfonso of Spain. He recently 
visited Bayonne and inspected the local 
museum, which contained, among other 
treasures, a realistic picture of the death 
of Henry IV. of France. 

After looking intently at the picture, 
King Alfonso suddenly exclaimed: 

"But Henry is not dying a natural 

"Of course," remarked one of his 
French guides, diplomatically, "your maj- 
esty remembers that Henry was assas- 

But King Alfonso did not remember. 

"By whom was he killed, then?" he 

"He was killed by a monk named 
Ravaillac," said the guide. 

Then the king appeared to comprehend, 
for he exclaimed: 

"A king killed by a monk! Now I 
understand why the story was never told 

If a king could be kept in absolute 
ijrnorance of how another king, in the 
adjoining Kingdom^, came to his death 
by the hand of a fanatical agent of 
the Romanist priests, how can you be 
surprised that the peasants of Spain, 
and other pope-ruled countries, are 

the most illiterate and superstitious 
people on earths 

Let us try to understand clearly and 
fully what it is that the Roman Cath- 
olic priest claims for himself. Let us 
bear in mind that every priest must 
necessarily be the equal of every other. 
If one of them possesses supernatural 
power, by virtue of the sacerdotal 
office, all the others possess it. If one 
is incapable of sin, can pardon sin, 
and compel Christ to leave Heaven 
and come down upon the altar — to be 
broken and eaten by the laity — then 
the others are of the same supernat- 
ural character, whether they be Celt 
or Saxon, Jew or Gentile, Latin or 
Cossack, black or white. 

The proposition is stupendous, but 
Romanist logic must face its inevitable 

What are the supernatural qualities 
of a popish priest? 

Let Romanist priests be heard to 

Cardinal Bernard Vaughan, of Eng- 
land, said, in The Foreign Church 
Chronicle., March 1, 1898, that the 
priestly power enables a man "by 
means of the word of consecration, to 
cause the Body and Blood of Christ 
to become present under the appear- 
ance of bread and wine, and to offer 
them up sacrifically. 

He (the priest) is a priest solely 
because he has the office and power of 
effecting the real objective Presence 
on ail altar of the true Blood and 
Body of Jesus Christ, and thereby 
offering Him up in sacrifice." 

The French priests say, in Le 
Manrez du Prefre — 

"What is the priest? He is at once 
God and man.'''' 

Addressing the priesthood, it says, 
"Your creation, your daily creation, 
IS no less than the Word Himself made 

'T do not flatter you with pious 
hyperboles when I call you gods. 

"You are creators, as Mary was. 



when she co-operated in the Incarna- 

^^God can make other universes, hut 
lie cannot make under the sun a 
greater nation than your sacrifice. 

"Jesus dwells under your lock and 
key; his audiences are opened and 
closed by you. He does not move 
without your permission: He does not 
bless without your concurrence. He 
gives only by your hands, and this 
dependence is so dear to Him that, 
in more than 1,800 years, He has not 
for one moment escaped jrom the 
Church to return to His Father'^s 

The Bible says otherwise, but 
wherever the Bible conflicts with the 
pope, it is a bad time for the Bible. 

The German Cathoilc priests ex- 
press it, this way — 

"Go to make confession to an angel. 
or to the Virgin Mary. Will they 
absolve j'ou? No. The Virgin can- 
not transform the Host into ne^ 
Divine Son. If there were 200 angei?^ 
liere, they could not absolve you. A 
priest, poor as he may he, can do xo. 
lie can say, 'Go in peace, I pardon 
you !'' 

"Look at the power of the priest; 
the word of a priest makes a God of 
a piece of bread. That is more than 
creating the world." 

What do you think must happen to 
society, to the human famih% Avhen 
that sort of horrible blasphemy be- 
comes the accepted creed, and ichen 
negro priests become as plentiful in 
the Southern States as the friars and 
m,onks became in Portugal, Spain, 
Italy, Poland, Catholic Ireland, and 
the Philippines? 

It IS frightful to contemplate the 
possibilities of such a catastrophe. 

In 1904, there came from The Union 
Press, of Phdadelphia, a book whose 
name is, "Roads from Rome, a Series 
of Personal Narratives," compiled by 
the Cambridge scholar, Rev. (^harles 

5. Isaacson, with a Preface by the 
Uishop of Durham. 

The \()hime contains the stories of 
about forty Irishmen, Englishmen, 
Italians, Spaniards, Frenchmen, and 
Germans, who had been born and 
reared in popery, but who had recently 
left it. No venomous American priest 
has dared to take notice of this dyn- 
amic book, much less assail the char- 
acter of the men and the women 
whose reasons are therein given for 
abandoning the church of the Italian 
coterie, who call themselves the only 
true church. 

Abbe Vicar Charbonnel, a French 
priest under the Archbishop of Paris, 
wrote to his superior, October 14, 
1897, a letter quoted on pages 225 and 

6, of "Roads from Rome" — 

"Your eminence, when I gave my 
life to the Church, I desired, with all 
the ardent sincerity of youth, to give 
my whole life to God. 

"Long and sad experiences have 
convinced me, that to serve the Church 
and those who profess to rule it, is 
not to serve God. 

"I cannot in future, without bitter 
self-reproach, keep up an appearance 
of union with an ecclesiastical organ- 
ization which makes religion an engine 
of administration, a domineering 
power, a m^eans of intellectual and 
social oppression, and a system, of in- 
tolerance, and which fails to recogniz'^ 
that its (religion's) true character 
consists in prayer, the lifting up of 
the heart of God, a searching into the 
Divine ideal, and the exercise of 
Christian love and brotherly kindness, 
but which has adopted a miserable 
human policy, instead of the ennobling 
faith of the Gospel." 

With this declaration, manfully 
made to the Archbishop of Paris, 
Victor Charbonnel withdrew from the 
priesthood, and from the Roman fold. 

What will be the etiect upon our 
civilization and social status, when 



negro priests have hecoine numerous^ 
blind tools of this ^^domineenng 
power^'' and this '"''system of intoler- 
ance^^'' whose priests are not allowed 
to marry, but are given the unresisted 
and irresistible freedom of using the 
imprisoned women of the cloistered 
convent ? 

Those who know the black man, as 
a sensuUst, must feel horrified at the 
\QTy thought of what popery would 
mean to the white people, if the 
Romanist propaganda among the 
blacks continues to be pushed. 

On page 109 of "Eoads from Rome," 
we read : 

"That the priests do interfere in 
family aliairs, 1 most positively assert. 
I know from my own experience of 
husband and wife being set at vari- 
ance, of improper questions put i 
children in the confessional, and I 
learnt that, if a husband or wife be 
unfaithful, although the priest must 
be told in the confessional, the wife 
or husband need not be acquainted 
with the sin, so that the priest claims 
to knoio more aoout the loife than the 
hushand himself.'''' 

What will be the consequences to 
our social and religious system, when 
young negro men, who have no wives, 
sit in the privacy of the confessional 
and listen to the avowals of sexual 
weakness made bj^ passionate young 
women ? 

What may we naturally expect to 
be the results, when lustful black 
priests inquire of women about the 
details of marital intercourse in the 
nuptial bed? and when the bachelor 
buck of a negro, because he is a priest, 
knows more about the wife than her 
husband knows? 

When such an embodiment of lust 
as the typical African, can learn at 
the confessional which ones among 
the women have been unfaithful to 
their husbands, who is to curb him. 
when he lusts after those frail wives? 

It is awful to think of what popery 
may do against the whites of the 
United States, in their furiously sor- 
did ambition to "make America Cath- 
olic." In some States, the blacks are 
in the majority. Give them as many 
priests as the Portuguese of Lisbon 
had. and in less than 100 years it 
would take an expert to tell a Por- 
tugee from a Niggergee. 

Don't flatter yourself that these 
black priests will confine their func- 
tions to black people. No, indeed! 
Gods are Gods; and if the white 
frocks are divine, the black frocks are: 
and the natural inclination of Sambo 
is to assert his "rights." 

Teach him that he is a God, and 
he'll act the part, just as he sees the 
Avhite God do it. He will be like the 
colored brother at a Republican con- 
vention : his voice will be heard to 
say, with raucous vehemence — "I'm a 
Catholic, but they must treat me right, 
or I'll raise h — 11." 

All of us Iniow what the politicians 
did for the country, when they lifted 
Sambo into the electorate, and put 
the ballot in his hand. All of us 
know what tlie Days of Reconstruc- 
tion were. 

But infinitely more threatening to 
Caucasian civilization, is the aggres- 
sive movement of the Latin church to 
capture the black hosts of this Union. 

Wherever popery has been carried 
by the Italians, Spaniards, and Portu- 
guese — into contact with Negroes, and 
Indians, the people have been moa- 
grelized, debased, pillaged, and en- 

It was so in South America, in Cen- 
tral America, in Mexico, in Cuba, and 
in Portugal. 

The Latins have not the racial 
aversion to amalgamation that we 
Caucasians have always had. 

Therefore, the Italian secret socie- 
ties which rule Roman Catholicism 
with a rod of iron, have no concep- 
tion of the abhorrence with which we 



regard the social equality of the 
blacks, political equality with them, 
and intermarriage with them. 

In the eyes of the Italian cardinals 
who domineer over the Roman Cath- 
olics of the whole world, the negro is 
as good as you. In the eyes of the 
negro^ he is as good as you. 

Now, when these black men are 
taught by white priests that they are 
your equals; and that, in being re- 
ceived into the priesthood, they are 
better than you, what are to be the 
ultimate consequences? 

I do not address this vital question 
to non-Catholics only: I most earn- 
estly implore the Catholics themselves 
to consider it. 

When you realize that everybody, 
in the Dark Ages, had to believe as 
Rome commanded, or he burnt alive, 
and that millions of the pope's slaves 
believe in the same stuff, even now, 
you may feel, as I do, the profoundly 
depressing tear of another cycle of 
Dark Ages. 

This Roman Church is the same at 

heart that it ever was. It is craftily 
growing in power, and is gradually 
compelling the acceptance of the Cath- 
olic censorship of news, books, plays, 
newspapers, magazines, and every 
other medium of publicity. If it can 
(Hctate what the people may read, it 
will in time mould opinion, destroy 
independent and dissenting propa- 
ganda, crib the mind within the rigid 
limits of a priest-ruled orthodoxy, 
close all schools but its own, burn all 
books but its own, proclaim again 
that, '■'■ I gnorance is the mother of de- 
votionf* and build the scati'old, dig 
the dungeon, and pile the faggot for 
the fearless souls that will not bow 
to Rome. 

What has been done, once, can be 
done, again. 

When Cardinal Newman could 
bring himself to believe that marble 
images wept, you cannot wonder, if 
the illiterate layman believes that he 
eats his Redeemer, at the same time 
that the priest drinks Him. 


Ralph M. Thomson 

Speed is a Jack-o'-lantern in the night — 

A lambent flame whose mission is to guide 
Th eventuresome, by its uncertain light. 

To stagnant fens, where lurking dangers hide. 
An evanescent but a beckoning spark, 

It leads the foolish far from fragrant lea, 
And, in a trice, when all about is dark. 

Leaves them to sink in sloughs of vanity. 

Lured by the wily Ignis Fatuus, 

To grope for fame, for gold, for caste, for ease. 
For every tawdry thing the frivolous 

of earth, deaf to Discretion's pleas 
And blind to safety, hail, and with each breath. 

As benedictions, — often in accord, 
It is the way of men to challenge Death, 

Then charge disaster to a blameless Lord! 

TKe Official Record in the Case of Leo 
Frank, a Jew Pervert. 

Copyriflhted. All Rights Reserved. 

IN New York, there lived a fashion- 
able architect, whose work com- 
manded high prices. He was 
robust, full of manly vigor, and so 
erotic that he neglected a liandsome 
and refined young wife to run after 
little girls. 

As reported in the papers of Wil- 
liam R. Hearst, Joseph Pulitzer, and 
Adolph Ochs, the libertine architect 
had three luxurious suites of rooms 
fitted up for the use of himself, a con- 
genial company of young rakes, and 
the young women whom they lured 
into these elegant dens of vice. 

Stanford White's principal place, 
however, was in the tower-apartments 
of Madison Square Garden. Tn this 
building, his preparations for sensual 
and sexual enjoyment were as care- 
fully elaborated and as expensi'.'cly 
perfected, as though wine, women and 
song were the chief end of man's 
existence. The excavations at Pompeii 
have revealed no Rose- door voluptous- 
ness more Oriental than that of Stan- 
ford White. Like the Roman sensual- 
ist who stimulated his amorous pas- 
sions by surroundings that promoted 
desire and prolonged the pleasure, 
White was artistic in his vices; and 
it was the nude girl, of perfect 
symmetry and beautiful face, that he 
bore into his seraglio, where rich and 
splendid appointments, soft lights, 
hidden musical instruments, fragrant 
flowers, and choice wines intoxicated 
every sense to the highest pitch of 
epicurian ecstasy. 

Into this golden harem, he took the 
young, lovely and unmoral Evelyn 
Nesbit: and, according to her state- 
ment, she was brutally used. A 
shocking fact in the case is, that 
White seems to have given money to 

the girl's mother, and that the mother 
had, in effect, surrendered the maid 
to the man — knowing why he wanted 

Whatever the girl felt as to the 
manner in which White had ac- 
complished his purpose, she soon 
afterwards returned to him, and their 
relations continued for some months. 
Then Harry Thaw happened to see 
her, fell in love with her, and desired 
so ardently to possess her, that he 
married her. 

They went to Europe, and during 
the tour, the wife told the young hus- 
band her terrible story. On their 
return to New York, the architect had 
the insane folly to again enter into 
correspondence with Evelyn — this 
time knowing that he had an excitable 
young man to encounter — a husband 
who might be supposed to have 
learned his wife's secret. All the 
world knows how Thaw was inflamed 
beyond bounds, by seeing White sit- 
ting in the eating-room, at the Gar- 
den; and how the young husband 
immediately shot the satyr who had 
doped and rumed his wife. 

The great legal battle that Thaw's 
devoted mother has waged in her boy's 
behalf, is a part of the history of the 
times. For nine long years, that fine 
old woman has borne her cross, and 
made her fight, her son behind the 
bars, all those bitter years. 

At last, after nine years of impris- 
onment, Harry Thaw is a free man — 
for the court which tried him for 
murder, pronounced him insane; and 
the jury which recently tried him for 
insanity, said that he is sane. 

At least one of these verdicts was 
correct, and hoth may have been; but 
the jurors in the last trial have since 



declared that Thaw ought to have 
killed White, anyway; and about 
three-fourths of the red-blooded men 
and women of the country are of the 
samo opinion. 

But the Jew-owned papers, and the 
Jev,'-kired papers, and the Hearst 
papers take a dilFerent view. They 
are outraged. Their feelings are 
deeply hurt. They lament the fail- 
ure of the Law to hang this hot-tem- 
pered boy who shot the man that had 
virtually bought Evelyn from her 
monstrous mother, and had then 
drugged and forced her. In their 
wrathful eyes, nine years' imprison- 
ment is no punishment at all. They 
rail at the influence of Money, and 
deplore the disgrace which has fallen 
upon New York — the righteous town 
where Jacob Schiff, the banker, could 
give a forty-3'ear sentence to an hum- 
ble Jew, for entering clandestinely the 
dwelling of a Jewish millionaire; the 
righteous town wherein the Roman 
priests could have the Mayor assassi- 
nated without provoking hostile com- 
ment from the Hearst papers, the 
Jew-owned papers, or the Jew-hired 
papers; the righteous town where the 
priest, Hans Schmidt, can cut his con- 
cubine's throat, dismember her body, 
fling the pieces in the river, and still 
escape punishment I 

Let us regale our minds by reading 
what the Hearst papers say about the 
case of Harry Thaw : 

It is quite true that but for the lavish 
outpouring of the family fortune, Thaw 
might have been electrocuted, or would 
still be confined in a madhouse. It is 
equally true that but for the contributions 
of other rich young men, whose mone' 
cursed them, bis fight for liberty would 
not have been so prolonged or so costly. 

Many will moralize over the powej- of 
money as manifested in the escape of 
Thaw from paying tlie extreme penalty 
for the mur(^er of Stanford White. 

Fewer will stop to think of the malign 
power of money that pressed this rich 
young man along the primrose path that 
snded in the murder on the roof garden, 

his prolonged imprisonment, and the 
ineradicable disgrace which rests upon his 

As it is, about the most the public can 
say of him Is to express the hope that the 
public mind shall no longr be assailed by 
the fulminations of spectacular lawyers, 
the imaginings of alienists, and the bathos 
of hired pamphleteers. The world is weary 
of Thaw. 

The world is not weary of Hearst, 
fortunately: and if he can explain his 
prolonged hostility to Thaw, and 
reconcile it with his determined cham- 
pionship of Frank, the world will 
peruse his statement with interest. 

Let us now read what another New 
York paper — Jew-owned or Jew-hired 
— published about the two cases, 
Frank's and Thaw's. Concerning 
Thaw, the yew Repuhlic says: 

In the case of Harry K. Thaw, it looks 
as if the State of New York had thoroughly 
well got its leg pulled. The State deserved 
it richly, for it asked a .iudge and a jury to 
decide a question which they are simply 
incapable of deciding. Those laj-men could 
no more pass on Thaw's sanity than upon 
the condition of his liver. Thus a man 
may be highly educated, courteous, genial 
in every relation of life, and still bear 
within him a murderous disposition, 
which breaks out only on special occa- 
sions. The voluble juryman who has 
been so much interviewed came pretty 
close to the truth when he said that 
Thaw would never kUl except when a 
woman was involved. 

What freed Thaw was in reality a com- 
bination of prejudices. He behaved well 
in court. The State's alienists behaved 
badly in court. Thaw fought a long fight, 
and men admire persistence. He had mur- 
dered Stanford White, a man who hap- 
pened to be a genius, but whose genius was 
forgotten in the deep moral prejudice 
against him. The brutal fact is that an 
American jury is very ready to flirt with 
the idea that there are un^^Titten laws to 
justify the killing of men who seduce young 

Concerning the Frank case, the 
same New York paper says: 

It is often foolish to indict a whole peo- 
Dle. But in this instance the guilt of the 



people is clear. They wrecked the only 
trial Frank has had, they believed every 
lie about him, they terrorized their pub- 
lic officials. Tliey Iiave made democracy 
liideous — they, tlie men and women of the 
State. There was a minority that knew 
better, a minority that did not wish to 
make the courts of the State a vile spec- 
tacle to the whole nation. But of that 
minority many were too cowardly to speak 
out. They allowed the mob to stamp its 
own imprint upon the public character of 
the State. The Governor who acted, and 
the opinion which supported him, were 
not enouf>l» to save Georgia from its degra- 

A people which cannot preserve its legal 
fabric from violence is unfit for self-gov- 
ernment. It belongs in the category of 
communities like Haiti, co'^^munities 
which have to be supervised and protected 
by more civilized powers. Georgia is in 
that humiliating position today. If the 
Frank case is evic'^^nce of Georgia's polit- 
ical development, then Georgia deservs to 
be known as the black sheep of the Amer- 
ican Union. 

It is a disagreeable discoverv of the 
New Republic, that American juries 
harbor a perverse sympathy for 
fathers and brothers who kill the 
seducers of young girls, and thus rid 
the earth of the most dangerous vipers 
that crawl. The New Republic says 
that it is not only a fact that juries do 
sympathise with the men who give 
shot-gun protection to womanhood, 
but that this fact is hrutal. 

When the human race ceases to be 
capable of brutality of that sort, civil- 
ization will be the soup-kettle of 
molly-coddles; and literature will 
degenerate into a milk-sop effeminac}^ 
that won't be worth hell's room. 

Coming to the Frank case, The New 
Republic condemns, not only the jury 
and the judges, but the whole State 
in which the horrible crime was com- 
mitted. 'Tt is often foolish to indict 
a whole people," says this magazine. 
Edmund Burke said it was always 
foolish to do so. 

The State of Georgia, as a whole, 
is pronounced guilty. It has .'-^.ad no 
evidence aarainst Frank: it has been 

possessed of a Devil of blind hatred: 
it has relentlessly persecuted: it has 
tried to lynch an innocent man, uader 
legal forms. Its mobs terrified the 
witnesses; terrified the jurors; terri- 
fied the trial judge; terrified the 
Supreme Court of Georgia in both ot 
its decisions, the last of which was 
unanimous. Finally, the (Georgia mobs 
terrified the Supreme Court of the 
Ignited States. Avhich, under duress, 
decided that Frank's lawyers — after 
having had all the time, money, and 
opportunity needed — had utterly failed 
to show that Georgia had not given 
to Leo Frank every right to which he 
was entitled. 

What do such editors care for the 
calm decision of the highest court on 
earth? Nothing. 

"The guilt of the people is clear." 
"They have made democracy hide- 
ous." AVhere? When? And how? 

AMien justice was mocked in San 
Francisco, some years ago, and Wil- 
liam T. Sherman (afterwards the great 
General) led the "mob," did the riotous 
tumults of an indignant democracy 
make it hideous? When justice was 
derided and defied in NeAv Orleans, 
and the outraged democracy flamed 
into a vengeful conflagration, did it 
become hideous? 

\Mien our Revolutionary Fathers 
lynched Tories, and drove traitors into 
hasty flight, did they make democracy 

"\Mien the Commons of old England 
rose in bloody riots against the Lords 
of Church and State, during the 
Epoch of Reform, did these insurrec- 
tionary Englishmen, battling for 
human rights, make democracy hid- 
eous ? 

"Wlien the Athenians of old furi- 
ously fell upon and killed the Greek 
who advised that Grecian freedom be 
surrendered to the Persian King, did 
those rioters make democracy hideous? 
Away with milk-sops and molly- 
coddles! Whenever the human race 



degenerates to the point where intense 
indignation is not aroused by enormi- 
ties of crime, then mankind will be 
ready for the last Fire: and the 
sooner this scroll is given to the 
Flames, as the trump of doom sounds 
the requiem of a dying world, the less 
will be the sum total of human de- 

In Georgia, there was never a mob 
collected while the Frank case was 
on trial; never a scene of tumult, 
never a disorder in the court room. 
It was not until after the State 
had patiently waited for two years, 
whilo tho unlimited Money back 
of Frank w^as interposing every 
obstacle to the Law, travelling from 
court to court, on first one pretext 
and then another; ottering new affida- 
vits which soon appeared, confessedly, 
to have been falsehoods, paid for with 
money; resorting to every criminal 
method to corrupt some of the State's 
witnesses, and to frighten others into 
changing their testimony: it was not 
until the people of Georgia had 
waited so long, and seen Frank's law- 
yers defeated at every point, by the 
sheer strength of the State's case 
against a most abominable criminal : it 
was not until, after all this, when one 
of Leo Frank^s own launjers basely 
betrayed the State, upset all the courts, 
and violated our highest law; it was 
not until John M. Slaton, the partner 
of Leo Frank's leading lawyers, cor- 
ruptly used the pardoning power to 
save his own guilty client — it was not 
until then that the people broke into 
a tumult of righteous wrath against 
the infamous Governor who had put 
upon our State this indelible stain. 

And because our indignation took 
the same direction as that of our 
Fathers, in the days of '76: the same 
direction as that of the Frenchmen 
who stormed the Bastille; the same as 
that of the Englishmen who sacked 
the Bishop's palace, and the nobleman's 
castle; the same as that of the Vien- 

nese who rose in fury against the Em- 
peror and his Metternich, forcing that 
crafty and coldly ferocious old democ- 
racy-hater to flee for his life — because 
of the fact that we Georgians are just 
human, we must be relegated to a Sai> 
Domingo basis, and treated by other 
States as though we were woolly- 
headed worshippers of Vaudoux I 


The Becker case created a pro- 
found and painful impression every- 
where, because of its contrast to the 
case of Leo Frank. The Hearst pa- 
pers, the Jew-owned, and Jew-hired 
papers, have found this contrast em- 
barrassing to them, and they are 
endeavoring to "distinguish the cases." 

For example, the New Orleans- 
Daily States says: 

A patient perusal of all the mass of evi- 
dence, considered in the light of the clash- 
ing interests of those involved, directly 
and indirectly, in the Rosenthal tragedy, 
has left us unconvinced that the law's 
reasonable doubt of Becker's guilt was 
remoTed. That Becker was a police tyrant 
and grafter, was amply proved. The fact 
that he was more or less endangered by 
Rosenthal's promised revelations of police 
corruption furnished a motive which made 
it easy for others who confessed they were 
in the murder plot to fasten the crime on 
him. But there will always be ^ound for 
the suspicion that the Rose-Webber crowd 
"frame<r' Becker to insure their o>vn im- 

But whereas Frank was denied the safe- 
guards and privileges which the State 
pledges any person accused of a capital 
crime, and was convicted in a community 
rank with prejudice and mob spirit, on 
the testimony of a vicious negro criminal, 
Becker was robbed of no technical right 
the law guaranteed him. 

Few more deliberate and cold-bloded 
murders have been committed in New York.. 
than the assassination of Rosenthal, and 
public sentiment was powe fully exercised 
against Becker in the face of clear evi- 
dence that he was a grafter with a motive 
for sealing Rosenthal's lips. But it would 
be absurd to liken the atmosphere in New 
York during the Becker trial to that in 
Atlanta during the Frank trial, or to find 



:any points of resemblance between the 
-orderly conviction of Becker and the 
utterly disorderly trial of Prank. 

So! Another case of my bull and 
•your ox. Do we not all remember that 
when Bourke Cockran moved for a 
continuance in the Becker case, and 
Judge Samuel Seabury refused it, the 
great lawyer threw up his briefj and 
passionately exclaimed, '"''This is not a 
ti'tal; it is an assassination?'''' 

Xo lawyer said that to Judge Roan, 
''trying Frank; and there never was 
the slightest evidence that Frank's 
trial was "disorderly." 

The Daily States asserts that 
"Becker was robbecl of no technical 
right the law guaranteed him." 

Dees the States know that the U. 
S. Supreme Court used those very 
words in the case of Frank — used 
'them in a well-considered decision. 
•which is the amplest vindication of the 
Georgia courts? 

When the highest court in the world 
judiciaJly affirms that the State which 
'tried and convicted Frank accorded 
him every right guaranteed to him 
under the highest law, ought not the 
•decision to be respected? 

Before the United States Supreme 
Court vindicated Georgia, the agencies 
working for Frank expressed the most 
exultant confidence in the outcome of 
the appeal; and declared that, at last, 
the case had reached a tribunal which 
would not be influenced by "mob 
•frenzy, psychic intoxication, jungle 
fury," and the rest of it. 

After the United States Supreme 
Court patiently heard Frank's law- 
yers, and solemnly assured "mankind" 
that the State of Georgia had not been 
-shown to have denied Frank any legal 
right, was "mankind" satisfied? By no 
means. "Mankind" gasped in silence 
•a few days, and then broke out into a 
•more furious roar than ever, just as 
though the highest of courts had not 
• decided the case in our favor. 

It must have cost '"'' mankind'''' mil- 
lions of dollars to lynch the Georgia 
courts.) with outside mobs. 

Frank "was convicted on the evi- 
dence of a vicious negro criminal." 
So says the Daily States, saying it, not 
because it is true, but because all the 
other Frankites say it. Without the 
negro, James Marshall, Becker could 
not have been convicted, and the high- 
est New York court so held. Whether 
James Marshall is a criminal, I do not 
know; but the official record in the 
Frank case shows that Jim Conley was 
never a criminal until he became the 
accomplice of his master, Leo Frank. 

May I ask the Daily States to take 
my word for it, that the laiv of Geor- 
gia does not allow any man to he con- 
victed on the testimony of an accom- 

The so-called vicious negro criminal 
was confessedly the accomplice of Leo 
Frank; and therefore the laio made 
it necessary for Solicitor Dorsey to 
practically make out the whole case 
against Frank., without relying at all 
upon the negro''s evidence. 

When that miserable little Jew jack- 
ass, Clarence Shearn, of the New York 
Supreme Court, was sent by his owner, 
Mr. Hearst, to review the record in 
the Frank case ; and when he wrote an 
opinion in which he stated that there 
was no evidence against Frank, save 
that of the accomplice, he virtually 
charged our Supreme Court — as well 
as Judge Roan — with having violated 
their oaths of office. 

Little Shearn does not know enough 
of Georgia law to be aware of the fact 
that nobody can be convicted on the 
evidence of an accomplice; and that, 
under our Supreme Court decisions, 
such evidence is almost valueless. The 
case must he made out independently 
of the accomplice^ to well-nigh the 
same extent as though he had not tes- 

This being the law in Georgia, how 
can editors who wish to tell the truth. 



continue to say that Frank was con- 
victed by his accomplice? 

Assuming that the great majority of 
tlie American people want to know the 
truth, and want the law enforced 
wherever crime is proved, I invite 
everj' fair-minded reader to come with 
me as I go into the olficial record — a 
summary of the sworn testimony, 
agreed on by the lawyers for both 
sides, and sanctioned by the trial 

But before turning to the dry leaves 
of the Brief of Evidence, let me ask 
you to look upon the girl herself, as 
she appeared in life to one who seems 
to have known her well. Writing to 
The Christian Standard, in protest 
against an editorial in the Chri^tmn- 
Evangelist^ A. M. Beatty says : 

Mary Phagan was a member of the 
Adrial class of the First Christian Bible 
School, and the last act she did on earth 
was to iron with her own hands her white 
dress that she might be present the next 
day and help in winning a contest. The 
Sunday she expected to be at Bible School 
she was lying on a slab in an undertaker's 
in the same block as the First Church is 
located, having met death in a horrible 

It is very complete — that little pic- 
ture, drawn in two sentences. Mary 
Phagan, not quite 14 years old, iron- 
ing the white dress she meant to wear 
to the Bible school, next day. The 
First Christian Church stands near 
the morgue, and as she day-dreamed 
of the morrow, and the contest in her 
class, she saw the temple, and the 
wliite-dressed girls who would be her 
companions: she did not see the 

The pity of it ! The garment which 
she washed and ironed became her 
shroud, after she had been to the 
morgue, instead of to the church ! 
Surely, fate has seldom been more 
cruel to a perfectly innocent child. 

Mrs. J. W. Coleman was the first 

witness for the State. She testified: 
"I am Mary Phagan's mother. I 
last saw her alive, on April 26th, 1913. 
She was getting ready to go to the 
pencil factory to get her pay envelope. 
About 11:30 she ate some cabbage and 
bread. She left home at a quarter to 
twelve. She would have been fourteen 
years old on the first day of June. 
Was fair complected, heavy set, very 
pretty, and was extra large for her 
age. She had dimples on her cheeks." 
(Witness described how her daugh- 
ter was dressed, and identified as 
Mary's, the articles of clothing shown 
her — clothing taken from the corpse.) 
George Epps, a white boy, was the 
next witness. He A-as fourteen years 
old, and was neighbor to Mary's fam- 
ily. He rode on the street car with 
MaiT as she came into the city. She 
told him she was going to the pencil 
factory to get her money, and would 
then go to the Elkin-Watson place to 
see the Veterans' parade at 2 o'clock. 
•"She never showed up. I stayed 
around there until 4 o'clock, and then 
went to the ball game. 

"AVlien I left her at the corner of 
Forsyth and Marietta Streets . . . 
slie went over the bridge to the pencil 
factory, about two blocks down For- 
syth Street." 

The boy put the time of his separa- 
tion from the girl at 12:07, but on 
cross- examination, he said, first, that 
he knew it by Bryant Keheley's clock, 
and then, by the sun. 

(The immateriality of the variations 
in time, except on Leo Frankh own 
clock, will be shown directly.) 

The next witness for the State was 
Newt Lee, the negro night-watch at 
the factory. He had been working 
there only about three weeks. Leo 
Frank had taken him over the build- 
ing, and instructed him in his duties. 
On every day, except Saturdays, he 
was to go on duty at 6 o'clocck p. m. 
On Saturdays, at 5 o'clock. 
On Friday, the 2oth of April, Frank 



said to Newt, "Tomorrow is holiday, 
and I want you to come back at 4 
o'clock, I want to get off a little earlier 
than usual." 

Newt then went on to say that he 
got to the factory on Saturday about 
three or four minutes before four. 
The front door was not locked; he had 
never found it locked on Saturday 
evenings. But there are double doors 
half way up the steps, which he had 
always found unlocked before, but 
which, this Saturday evening, he 
found locked. 

He took his keys and unlocked this 
stair-way door, and went on up-stairs 
to the second floor, where Frank's 
office was. 

Newt announced his arrival, as he 
had always done, by calling out, "All 
right. Mr. Frank!" 

"And he come bustling out of his 
office, . . . and says, 'Newt, I am 
sorry I had you come so soon: you 
could have been at home sleeping. I 
tell you what you do: you go out in 
town and have a good time.' " 

Newt stated that always before 
when Frank had anything to say to 
him, he would say, "Step here a min- 
ute. Newt." 

This time, Frank came bustling 
toward the negro, rubbing his 
hands; and when Newt asked to be 
allowed to go into the shipping room 
to get some sleep, Frank answered, 
"You need to have a good time. You 
go downtown, stay an hour and a 
half, and come back your usual time 
at 6 o'clock. Be sure to come back at 
G o'clock." 

Newt did as he was told, returned 
to the factory at two minutes before 
six, and found the stair doors un- 
locked. Frank took the slip out of 
the time-clock and put in a new one. 

"It took him twice as long this time 
as it did the other times I saw him 
fix it. He fumbled, putting it in." 
After the slip had been put in, Newt 

punched his time, and went on down 

Mr. J. M. Gantt came to the front 
door and asked Newt for permission 
to go up stairs after an old pair of 
shoes he had left there, some time 
before, when be was employed at the 
factory. Newt answered that he was 
not allowed to let anyone inside after 
six o'clock. 

"About that time Mr. Frank came 
bustling out of the door, and ran into 
Gantt unexpected, and he jumped 
back frightened." 

Gantt asked Frank if he had any 
objection to his going up stairs after 
his old shoes. 

Frank answered, "I don't think they 
are up there. I think I saw a boy 
sweep some up in the trash the other 

Gantt asked what sort of shoes he 
saw the boy sweep out, and Frank 
said they were "tans." 

Gantt replied, "Well, I had a pair 
of black ones, too." 

"Frank says, 'Well, I don't know,' 
and dropped his head down, just so" 
— illustrating. 

"Then, he raised his head, and says, 
'Newt, go with him and stay with 
him, and help him find them," And 
I went up there with Mr. Gantt, and 
found them in the shipping room, 
two pair, the tans and the black ones, 

That night, after seven o'clock, 
Frank telephoned to Newt, and asked, 
"How's everything?" 

That was the first time he had ever 
phoned tlie night watch on a Satur- 
day night. He did not ask about 

There is a gas jet in the basement 
at the foot of the ladder, and Frank 
had told Newt to keep it burning all 
the time. 

"I left it Saturday morning burn- 
ing bright. When I got there, on 
making my rounds at 7 o'clock p. m. 



on the 26th of April, it was burning 
just as low as you could turn it, like 
a light ning Inig. AVhen 3 o'clock 
came" (after midniffht. of course,) "I 
went down to the basement. ... I 
went down to the toilet, and when I 
got through I looked at the dust bin 
back to the door" (the back door 
opening on the alley) "to see how the 
door was. and it being dark, I picked 
up my lantern and went there, and I 
saw something laying there, which I 
thought some of the boys had put 
there to scare me: then I walked a 
little piece towards it, and I saw 
what it was, and I got out of there. 

"I got up the ladder, and called the 
police station: it was after 3 o'clock. 

"/ tried to get Mr. Frank, and was 
still trying when the (police) officers 
came. I guess I was trying (to get 
Frank to answer the telephone) about 
eight minutes. 

"I saw Mr. Frank Sunday morn- 
ing (the same morning), at about 7 
or 8 o'clock. He was coming in the 
office. He looked down on the floor, 
and never spoke to me. He dropped 
his head down, right this way" — 

"Boots Rogers, Chief Lanford, 
Darley, Frank and I were there when 
they opened the clock. Mr. Frank 
opened the clock, and saw the punches 
were all right. I punched every half 
hour from 6 o'clock p. m. to 3 o'clock 
a. m. 

"On Tuesday night, April 29th, at 
about 10 o'clock, I had a conversation 
at the station house with Mr. Frank. 
They handcuffed me to a chair. 

"They went and got Mr. Frank and 
brought him in, and he sat down next 
to the door. He dropped his head 
and looked doAvn. We were all alone. 
I said, 'Mr. Frank, it's mighty hard 
on me to be handculi'ed here for 
something that I don't know anything 

"He said, 'What's the difference ? 

They have got me locked up, and a 
man guarding me.' 

"I said, 'Mr. Frank, do you believe 
I committed this crime?' 

"He said, 'No, Newt, I know you 
didn't; hut I believe you know some- 
thing ahout it.'' 

'T said, 'Mr. Frank, I don't know 
a thing about it, more tlian finding 
the body.' 

"He said, 'We are not talking about 
that now: we will let that go. // you 
keep that up, we will both go to hell.'' 

"Then the officers came in. When 
Mr. Frank came out of his office that 
Saturday (evening) he was looking 
down, and rubbing his hands. I had 
never seen him rub his hands that 
way before." 

Newt stated, on cross-examination, 
that he would not have gone so far 
back in the basement, and would not 
have seen the body, if a call of nature 
down there had not caused him to 
use the toilet which was near the 

"When I got through, I picked up 
my lantern; I walked a few steps 
that way ; I seed something over there, 
about that much of the lady's leg 
and dress" — illustrating. 

"I think I reported to the police 
that it was a white woman. When I 
first got there, I didn't think it was 
a white woman, because her face was 
so dirty, and her hair crinkled. 

"When I was in the basement (the 
morning the body was found), one 
of the policemen read the note that 
they found. They read these words. 
'The tall, black, slim negro did this, 
he will try to lay it on the nigh* ' and 
when they got to the word 'night,' I 
said, ''They must he trying to put it 
off on me.'' " 

(Note that the negro is corrobor- 
ated on this point by Sergeant Dobbs. 
the next witness; and bear it in mind 
because of its extreme importance — as 
you will soon see.) 

Sergeant L. S. Dobbs testified that 



a call came to the police headquarters 
at about 3 :25, on the morning of 
April 27th, and he went to the pen- 
cil factory, descended to the basement 
by means of the trap-door and ladder. 
The negro led the officers back to the 
body, about 150 feet. 

"The girl was lying on her face^ not 
directly lying on her stomach, with 
the left side up just a little. We 
couldn't tell hy looking at her whether 
she was while or black, only by her 
golden hair. They turned her over. 
and her face was full of dirt and 
dust. They took a piece of paper 
and rubbed the dirt off her face, and 
we could tell then that it was a white 
girl. I pulled up her clothes, and 
could tell by the skin of the laiee that 
it was a white girl. Her face was 
punctured, full of holes, and swollen 
and hlack. She had a cut on the left 
side of her head, as if she had been 
struck, and there was a little blood 
there. The cord was around her neck, 
sunk into the flesh. She also had a 
piece of her underclothing around 
her neck. The cord was still tight 
around her neck. The tongue was 
protruding just the least bit. The 
cord was pulled tight, and had cut 
into the flesh, and tied just as tight 
as it could be. The underclothing 
around the neck was not tight. 

"There wasn't much blood on her 
head. It was dry on the outside. I 
stuck my finger under the hair, and 
it was a little moist. 

"This scratch pad was lying on the 
ground, close to the body. I found 
the notes under the sawdust, lying 
near the head. The pad was lying 
near the notes. They were all right 
close together. 

'''Newt Lee told us it was a white 

"There was a trash pile near the 
boiler, where this hat was found, and 
paper and pencils down there, too. 
The hat and shoe were on the trash 

pile. Everything was gone off it, 
ribbons and all. 

"/^ looked like she had been 
dragged on her face hy her feet. I 
thought the places on her face had 
been made by dragging. That was a 
dirt floor, with cinders on it, scattered 
over the dirt. 

"The place where I thought I saw 
some one dragged was right in front 
of the elevator., directly back. The 
little trail where I thought showed 
the body was dragged, went straight 
071 down (from in front of the ele- 
vator) where the girl was found. It 
was a continuous trail. 

"The body was cold and stiflF. 
Hands folded across the breast. 

"/ didn't find any blood on the 
ground., or on the saw dust., around 
where we found the body. 

"The sign of dragging . . . started 
east of the ladder. A man going 
down the ladder to the rear of the 
basement, would not go in front of 
the elevator where the dragging was. 

"A man couldnH get down that lad- 
der loith another person. It is diffi- 
cult for one person to get through 
that scuttle hole. The back door was 
shut: staple had been pulled." 

''''The lock was locked still. It was 
a sliding door, with a bar across the 
door, but the bar had been taken 
down. It looked like the staple had 
been recently drawn. 

"I was reading one of the notes to 
Lee, with the following words, ''A tall., 
black negro did this; he will try to 
lay it on the nighty'' and when I got 
to the word 'night,' Lee says, ''That 
means the night watchman!' 

"I found the handkerchief on a 
sawdust pile, about ten feet from the 
body. It was bloody, just as it is now. 

"The trap-door leading up from the 
basement was closed when we got 

City Officer John N. Starnes was 
the State's next witness. Ho testified 
to reaching the factory between 5 and 



6 o'clock that Sunday morning. He 
called up Leo Frank, and asked him 
to come, right away. 

"He said he hadn't had any break- 
fast. He asked where the night 
watchman was. I told him it was 
very necessary for him to come, and 
if he would come, T would send an 
automobile for him. 

"/ didn't tell him what had hap- 
pened^ and he didn't ask me. 

"When Frank arrived at the fac- 
tory, a few minutes later, he appeared 
to be nervous; he teas in a trembling 
co7idition. Leo was composed. 

"It takes not over three minutes to 
walk from Marietta Street, at the 
corner of Forsyth, across the viaduct, 
and through Forsyth Street, down to 
tho factory. 

"I chipped two places off the back 
door, tchich looked, like they had 
blood]/ finger prints.'''' 

(Let me here remind the reader, 
that Jim Conle3\ a State's witness, 
could have been required by Leo 
Frank's lawyers to make the imprint 
of his fingers while he was on the 
stand, and if these finger marks had 
resembled those made on the back door, 
Frank woidd have gone free, and the 
negro would, have swung. The State, 
however, could not ask Leo Frank to 
make his finger-prints, for to have 
done so, would have been requiring 
him to furnish evidence against him- 

My information is that Conley's 
lawyer, W. M. Smith, after he had 
agreed with the Burns Agency to help 
them fix the crime on his client, went 
to the convict camp, where Conley 
was working out his sentence, a7id got 
his firiger-prints, twice. 

Be this as it may, Franl-^s attorneys 
dared, not ask the negro to make the 
prints, when they had him on the 

You can draw your own conclu- 

Burns and Lehon do not amount to 

anything much as detectives; but even 
these amateurs know something of 
the Bertillon system; and if those 
finger-prints on the back door had not 
been Leo Frank^s, Burns and Lehon 
would most certainly have proven 
that much, by actual demonstration^ 
and thus put the crime on Jim Con- 
ley, or upon some other person than 
their client, Frank.) 

The next witness was W. W. Rog- 
ers. He and John Black went after 
Frank, following Starnes' telephone 
communication. Mrs Frank opened 
the door, and was asked if Frank was 
in. He came forward, partly dressed, 
and asked if anything had happened 
at the factory. No answer being 
returned, he inquired, "Did the night- 
watchman call up and report any- 
thing to you?" 

Mr. Black asked him to finish dress- 
ing, and accompany them to the fac- 
tory, and see what had happened. 

"Frank said that he thought he 
dreamt in the morning, about 3 
o'clock, about hearing the telephone 

Witness said Frank appeared ex- 
tremely nervous, and called for a cup 
(;f coffee. He was rubbing his hands. 
When they had taken seats in the 
automobile, one of the officers asked 
him if he knew a little girl named 
Mary Phagan. 

Frank answered, "Does she work at 
the factory?" 

Rogers said, "I think she does": 
and Frank added, "I cannot tell 
whether she works there or not, until 
I look at my pay-roll book. I know 
very few of the girls that work there. 
I pay them ofl', but I very seldom go 
back in the factory." 

The witness spoke of Frank's con- 
duct at the morgue, and although the 
purpose of taking him there was to 
have him view the corpse, the witness 
never saw Frank look at it, but did 
see him step away into a side room. 



From tlie luoigue, the party went 
to the pencil factory, where Frank 
opened the safe, took out his time- 
book, consulted it, and said: "Yes, 
Mary Phagan worked here. She was 
here yesterday to get her pay." 

He said : "/ iciJl tell you about the 
exact time she left here. My stenog- 
rapher left about 12 o'clock, and a 
few minutes after she left, the office 
boy left, and Mary came in and got 
her pay and lefty 

(Note, later on. that other girls 
were at Frank's office, the same Sat- 
urday morning, and that he never- 
theless fixed the exact time of the 
arrival of the girl he did not know. 
And he fixed it right.) 

"He then wanted to see where the 
girl was found. Mr. Frank went 
around to the elevator, where there 
was a switch box on the wall, and put 
the switch in. The box was not 
locked. As to what Mr. Frank ^aid 
about the murder, I don't know that I 
heard him express himself, except 
down in the basement. 

The officers showed him where the 
body was found, and he made the 
remark* that it was too bad, or some- 
thing like that." 

(Frank was not under arrest at this 
time, and Newt Lee was. Nothing, as 
yet, had been said about Conley.) 

On cross-examination, the witness 
stated that "we didn't know it was a 
white girl or not until we rubbed 
the dirt from the child's face, and 
pulled down her stocking a little 
piece. The tongue was not sticking 
out : it was wedged between her teeth. 
She had dirt in her eye and mouth. 
The cord around her neck was drawn 
so tight it was sunk m her flesh, and 
the piece of underskirt was loose over 
her hair. 

"'She was lying on her face, icifh 
her hands folded up. One of her eyes 
was blackened. There were several 
littel scratches on her face. A bruise 

on the left side of her head, some dry 
blood in her hair. 

"There was some excrement in the 
elevator shaft. When we went down 
on the elevator, the elevator mashed 
it. You could smell it all around. 

"No one could have seen the body 
at the morgue unless he was some- 
where near me. I was inside, and Mr. 
Frank never came into that little 
room, where the corpse lay. When the 
face was turned toward me, Mr. Frank 
stepped out of my vision in the direc- 
tion of Mr. Gheesling's (the under- 
taker's) sleeping room." 

Miss Grace Hicks testified that she 
worked on the second floor at the fac- 
tory, Mary Phagan's machine was 
riffht next to the dreesing room, and 
in going to the closet, the men who 
worked on that floor passed within 
two or three feet of Mary. Between 
the closet of the men and of the 
women, there was "just a partition." 

The witness had identified the body 
at the morgue early Sunday morn- 
ing, April 2Tth. "I Iniew her by her 
hair. She was fair-skinned, had light 
hair, blue eyes, and was heavy built, 
well developed for her age. She 
weighed about 115 pounds. Magnolia 
Kennedy''s hair is nearly the color of 
Mary Phagan''s\" 

John R. Black, the next witness for 
the State, testified that he went with 
Rogers to Frank's house. "Mrs. Frank 
came to the door: she had on a bath- 
robe. I stated that I would like to 
see Mr. Frank, and about that time 
Mr. Frank stepped out from behind 
a curtain. His voice was hoarse and 
trembling and nervous and excited. 
He looked to me like he was pale. 
He seemed nervous in handling his 
collar: he could not get his tie tied, 
and talked very rapid in asking 
what had happened. He kept on in- 
sisting for a cup of coffee. 

"When we got into the automobile. 
Mr. Frank wanted to know what had 



happened at the factory, and / asked 
him if he knew Mary Phagan, and 
told him she had been found dead in 
the hasement. Mr. Frank said he did. 
not know any girl hy the name of 
Mary P hag an, that he knew very few 
of the emploj'ees. 

"In the iinaertaking establishment, 
Mr. Frank looked at her: he gave a 
casual glance at her, and stepped 
aside: I couldn't say whether he saw 
the face of the girl or not. There 
was a curtain hanging near the room, 
and Mr. Frank stepped behind the 

"Mr. Frank stated, as we left the 
undertaker's, that he didn't know the 
girl, but he believed he had paid her 
off on Saturday. Fie thought he rec- 
ognized her being at the factory Sat- 
urday by the dress that she wore. 

At the factory, Mr. Frank took the 
slip out (of the time clock), looked 
over it, and said it had been punched 
correctly. (That is, the slip showed 
that Newt Lee had punched every 
half-hour during the night before.) 

"On Monday and Tuesday follow- 
ing, jSfr. Frank stated that the clock 
had been mispunched three times. 

"I saw Frank take it out of the 
clock, and went with it back toicard 
his office. 

"When Mr. Frank was down at the 
police station, on Monday morning 
(the next after the corpse was found). 
Mr. Rosser and Mr. Haas were there. 
Mr. Haas stated, in Frank's presence, 
that he was Franks attorney. This 
was about 8, or 8:30 Monday morn- 
ing. Thafs the first time he had 
counsel with him^.'''' 

(Observe that the Jews employed 
the best legal talent, before the Gen- 
tiles had even suspected Frank''s guilt. 

Why did his rich Jewish connec- 
tions feel so sure of his need of emi- 
nent lawyers, that they employed 
Eosser, evidently on Sunday, since 
city lawyers do not open their offices 
before 8 o^clock.) 

"Mr. Frank was nervous Monday: 
after his release, he seemed very 

"On Tuesday night, Frank said, at 
the station house, that there was no- 
body at the factory at 6 o'clock but 
Newt Lee, and that Newt Lee ought 
to know more about it, as it was his 
duty to look over the factory every 
thirty minutes." 

(Note Frank's deliberate direction 
of suspicion to the "tall, slim night- 
watch," upon whom the notes place 
the crime. Frank was virtually tell- 
ing the police the same thing that the 
notes told, viz., that Newt Lee com- 
mitted the crime.) 

"On Tuesday night, Mr. Scott and 
myself suggested to Mr. Frank to talk 
to Newt Lee. They went in a room, 
and stayed about five or ten minutes, 
alone. I couldn't hear enough to 
swear that I understood what was 
said. ' Mr. Frank said that Newt stuck 
to the story that he knew notlilng 
about it. 

"Mr. Frank stated that Mr. Gantt 
Avas there on Saturday evening, and 
that he told Lee to let him get the 
shoes, but to watch him, as he knew 
the surroundings of the office. 

''''After this conversation Gantt was 

(Observe that Frank's allusion to 
Gantt could have had no other pur- 
pose than to direct suspicion toward 
him; and that, while Frank was seek- 
ing to involve two innocent men, he 
did not breathe a suspicion of Jim 
Conley, whom he knew to have been 
in the factory when Mary Phagan 
came for her pay.) 

After the visit to the morgue, the 
party went to the factory, where 
Frank got the book, ran his finger 
down until he came to the name of 
Mary Phagan, and said: "Yes, this 
little girl worked here, and I paid her 
$1.20 yesterday." 

"We went all over the factory. No- 



body saw that blood spot that morn- 

Mr. Haas, as Frank's attorney, had 
told witness to go out to Frank's 
house, and search for the clothes he 
had worn the week before, and the 
laundry, too. 

Frank went with them, and showed 
them the dirty linen. 

"I examined Newt Lee's house. I 
found a bloody shirt at the bottom of 
a clothes barrel there, on Tuesday 
morning, about 9 o'clock." 

On re-direct examination, the wit- 
ness stated that Frank said, after 
looking over the time sheet, and see- 
ing that it had not been punched cor- 
rectly, that it would have given Lee 
an hour to have gone out to his 
house and hacky 

(Evidently, Frank knew where this 
negro lived, and how long it required 
for him to go home that Saturday 
night, and return to the factory where 
the girl's body lay. This new time- 
slip gave Newt an hour unaccounted 
for; and, in connection with the 
l3loody shirt, the new time-slip began 
to make the case look ugly for Newt, 
"the tall, slim night-watch," whom 
the writer of the notes accused.) 

J. M. Gantt was next put up by 
the State, and his evidence, in sub- 
stance, was: 

That he had been shipping clerk 
and time-keeper at the pencil fac- 
tory, and that Frank had discharged 
him on April 7th, for an alleged 
shortage of $2 in the pay-roll. 

He had known Mary Phagan since 
she was a little girl, and that Frank 
knew her., too. 

One Saturday afternoon, she came 
in the office to have her time cor- 
rected, by Gantt, and after Gantt had 
gotten through with her, Mr. Frank 
came in and said: ^''You seem to 
know Mary pretty well.'''' 

After Gantt was discharged, he 
went back to the factory on two occa- 
sions, "il/r. Frank saiv me both times. 

He made no objections to my going 

One girl used to get the pay en- 
velope for another, with Frank's 
knowledge. Gantt swore' he knew 
nothing of how the $2 shortage in the 
pay roll occurred. Frank discharged 
him because Gantt refused to make it 

Gantt described how Frank had 
behaved at 6 o'clock Saturday eve- 
ning when he, Gantt, went for his 
shoes. Standing at the front door, 
Gantt saw Frank coming down the 
stairs, and when Frank saw Gantt, 
"he kind of stepped back, like he was 
going to go back, but when he looked 
up and saw I was looking at him, he 
came on out, and I said, 'Howdy, Mr. 
Frank,' and he sorter jumped again." 
Then Gantt asked permission to go 
up for his shoes, and Frank hesitated, 
studied a little, inquired the kind of 
shoes, was told they were tans, and 
stated that he thought he had seen a 
negro sweep them out. But when 
Gantt said he had left a black pair, 
also, Frank "studied" a little bit, and 
told Newt to go with Gantt, and stay 
with him till he got his shoes. Gantt 
went up, and found both pair, right 
where he had left them. 

"Mr.. Frank looked pale, hung his 
head, and kind of hesitated and stut- 
tered, like he didn't like me in there, 
somehow or other." 

(On the strength of what Frank 
insinuated against Gantt, he was ar- 
rested before Frank was, and not 
released until Thursday night.) 

:Mrs. J. A. ^^^lite, sworn for the 
State, said that she went to the fac- 
tory to see her husband, who was at 
work there, on April 26th. She went 
at 11:30, and stayed till 11:50, when 
she left. She returned about 12:30, 
and saw Frank standing before the 
safe, in his outer office. "I asked him 
if Mr. White had gone back to work; 
he jumped, like I surprised him, and 
turned and said, 'Yes.' " 



She went up stairs to see her hus- 
band, and while she was np there, 
about 1 o'clock. Frank came up and 
told Mr. White that if she wanted to 
get out before 3 o'clock, she had bet- 
ter come doAvn. as lie ws going to 
leave, and lock the door, and that she 
had better he ready hy the time he 
covld get his coat and hat. 

Mrs. White testified to this tre- 
mendously important fact : 

"As I was going on down the steps, 
/ saw a negro sitting on a box., close 
to the stairway on the first floor. 

"Mr. Frank did not have his coat or 
hat on when I passed out." 

On cross-examination, this lady 
swore: "I saw a negro sitting be- 
tween the stairway and the door^ 
about five or six feet fom the foot of 
the stairway." 

While Mrs. White was talking to 
her husband, between 11 :30 and 11 :50. 
she saw Miss Corinthia Rail and Mrs. 
Emma Freeman there, and they left 
before she did. 

(Mrs. White did not work at the 
factory, and did not know Jim Con- 
ley. The place where she saw a 
negro sitting, was where Jim sat when 
he had nothing else to do. Picture to 
yourself the interior of the factory, as 
Mrs. White departs at about 1 o'clock 
that fatal Saturday. 

Two carpenters are at work on the 
fourth floor, tearing out a partition 
and putting up a new one. and they 
are 40 feet bach from the elevator. 

Frank is sitting on the second floor. 
near the head of the stairs; and Jim 
Conley is seated at the foot of the 
same stairs, on the floor below, not 
more than thirty feet from his white 

The lady passes on out. leaving 
these two men practically together. 
According to his own statemen to the 
police officers, Frank has already had 
Mary Phagan, in his office., in his 
possession, between the first departure 

of Mrs. White at 11 :50 and her second 
coming at 12:30! 

Frank's own admission put the girl 
alone with him in his private office, 
shortly after the noon hour; and when 
Mrs. White returns at 30 minutes 
after the noon hour, the girl is no- 
where to be seen. 

AAHio can account for Mary between 
these times? And who can account 
for Frank? 

Here is the tragedy, hemmed within 
the first departure and the second 
arrival of Mrs. White — a space which 
could not be filled by any two human 
beings, excepting Jim Conley and Leo 

We will see, later, how each of the 
two filled it.) 

Harry Scott, the State's next wit- 
ness, was Superintendent of the local 
branch of the Pinkerton Detective 
Agency. He was employed by Frank 
for the pencil factory. 

In Frank's private office, Monday 
afternoon, April 28th. the detective 
heard Frank's detailed account of hia 
movements the Saturday before. Frank 
told of his going to Montag's. and of 
the coming of Mrs. White. 

"He then stated that Mary Phagan 
came into the factory at 12:10 p. m., 
to draw her pay; that she had been 
laid otf the Monday previous, and she 
was paid $1.20, and that he paid her 
off in his inside office., where he was 
at his desk, and when she left his 
office and went into the outer office 
she had reached the outer office door, 
leading into the hall, and turned 
around to Mr. Frank, and asked if the 
metal had come yet. Mr. Frank re- 
plied that he didn't know, and that 
Mary Phagan, he thought, reached the 
stairway, and he heard voices, but he 
couldn't distinguish whether they 
were men or girls talldng." 

Later, witness stated that it was 
before !Mary came that Frank said he 
heard the voices — before 12 o'clock. 



(Let me explain that Mary worked 
on P^rank's floor, some distance back 
of his office, and that she placed metal 
tips on the pencils. The supply of 
this metal gave out, and more was 
ordered, but in the meantime Mary 
was unemployed. Her question, "Has 
the metal come?" was therefore equiv- 
alent to, "AVill there be work tor me 
next Monday?" 

Note particularly that in his private 
conference with his own detective, he 
did not pretend that he had not 
knoicn Mary Phagan. On the con- 
trary, see what Scott says further on.) 

"He (Frank) also stated, during 
our conversation, that Gantt knew 
Mary Phagan very well, and that he 
was familiar, and intimate with her. 
He seemed to lay special stress on it. 
at the time. He said that Gantt paid 
a good deal of attention to her." 

(The morning before, he did not 
know her, and had to consult his book ! 
Although he had passed within three 
feet of her, every day when he went to 
the toilet, and had paid her off every 
week, for about a year, he did not 
know any girl of that name!) 

Mr. Herbert J. Haas (later the 
Chairman of the Frank Finance Com- 
mittee) told the detective to report to 
him. first, before letting the public 
know "what evidence we had gathered. 
We told him we would withdraw 
from the case before ice would adopt 
any practice of that sort.'''' 

Scott asked Frank to use his influ- 
ence as employer with Newt Lee, and 
to try to get him to tell what he Imew, 
Frank consented, and the two were 
put in a private room, in order that 
Frank might get something out of 
the "tall, slim night-watch." 

"When about ten minutes was up, 
Mr. Black and I entered the room, 
and Lee hadn't finished his conversa- 
tion with Frank, and was saying: 
*Mr. Frank, it is awful hard for me 
to remain handcuffed to this chair. 
and Frank hung his head the entire 

time the negro was talking to him, 
and finally, in about thirty seconds, 
he said, 'Well, they have got me, too.' 
After that, we asked Mr. Frank if he 
had gotten anything out of the negro, 
and he said, ''No, Lee still sticks to his 
original story.'' 

"Mr. Frank was extremely nervous 
at that time. He was very squirmy in 
his chair, crossing one leg after the 
other, and didnH know where to put 
his hands; he was moving them up 
and down his face, and he hung his 
head a great deal of the time while 
the negro was talking to him. He 
hreathed very heavily, and took deep 
sivalloirs, and hesitated somewhat. His 
eyes were about the same as they are 

"That interview between Lee and 
Frank took place shortly after mid- 
night, Wednesday, April 30. On Mon- 
day afternoon, Frank said to me that 
the first punch on Newt Lee's slip 
was 6:33 p. m., and his last punch 
was 3 a. m. Sunday. He didn't say 
anything at that time about there 
being any error in Lee''s punches. Mr. 
Black and I took Mr. Frank into cus- 
tody about 11:30 a. m.. Tuesday. 
April 29th. 

^''His hands were quivering very 
much, he was very pale. On Sunday, 
May 3, I went to Frank's cell at the 
jail with Black, and / asked Mr. 
Frank if, from the time he arrived at 
the factory from Montag Bros.\ up 
until 12:50 p. m., the time he went 
upstairs to the fourth floor, was he 
inside of his office the entire time, and 
he stated, 'Yes: 

•'Then I asked him if he was inside 
his office every minute from 1% o'' clock 
until 12:30, and he said, 'Yes.'' 

"I made a very thorough search of 
the area around the elevator and 
radiator, and back in there. I made 
a surface search; I found nothing at 
all. I found no ribbon or purse, or 
pay envelope, or bludgeon or stick. I 
spent a great deal of time around the 



trap dooi\ and I remember running 
the light around the doorway^ right 
close to the elevator^ looking for 
splotches of hlood^ hut I found noth- 

(No effort was made to impeach 
Harry Scott, and the whole brunt of 
Rosser's cross-examination was to com- 
pel the witness to admit that Frank 
answered the girl's question about the 
metal, by saying, "iVc," instead of, "/ 
donH hnowP 

If Frank answered, "TVc*," her in- 
quiry ended right there, and there was 
nothing for the girl to linger for: she 
would go on down stairs. But if her 
question, "Has the metal come?" was 
answered by, "I don't know," the girl 
herself would want to learn^ for cer- 
tain^ ichether there loould he any need 
for her to return Monday morning. 
As the next day was Sunday, there 
would be no work for her on Monday, 
unless the metal were already on hand. 
because, if it reached Atlanta Sunday, 
it would not be delivered at the fac- 
tory until some time after the work 
hours began on Monday. 

Therefore, when Frank told his own 
detective, in their first confidential 
talk, that he gave the girl's question 
a reply which necessarily left her in 
doubt, he stated a fact that leads to 
the reasonable, if not inevitable con- 
clusion, that either he or she proposed 
that one or the other — or both — go to 
the metal room, and see! 

To make certain whether the new 
metal had come, she would go to the 
room where she worked, and look. If 
the metal had come, and was ready 
for use next week, it was there! 

Now, when you examine page 25 of 
the official Brief of Evidence, and 
find that Eosser's assault on the wit- 
ness was directed chiefly to this point, 
you naturally ask, Why did it make 
such a difference? Why did Frank's 
lawyer so strenuously endeavor to 
make it appear that the girl's inquirj^ 

was answered, "No," instead of, "I' 
don't know?" 

If she was murdered below, on the 
first floor, or in the basement, what 
did it matter^ whether or not she 
went to the metal room^ on the second 

If Jim Conley, sitting at the foot of 
the stairway, assaulted the girl as she 
was passing out, and either killed her 
there, or threw her down into the 
basement, where he afterwards killed 
her, what difference did it make, if 
the white man, at the head of the 
stairway., told the girl he didn't know 
whether the metal had come? 

If the evidence places the crime on« 
any other floor than Frank's own, why 
battle with the witness as to what 
was said and done on Frank's floor? 

There is but one answer: the physi- 
cal indications were on Frank's floor, 
partly in the metal room, and partly 
in the next, on the way to the ele- 
vator. Rosser umnted to keep Frank 
and Mary arc ay from, that metal roomy 
where a tress of her hair hung on the 
projecting crank of a bench-lathe, and 
where some of her blood had stained 
the floor. 

Rosser dared not leave unassailed 
the answer of Frank to Mary, which 
opened the way naturally for a visit 
to the metal room, at the back end of 
the building, where he could close the 
door, and have her securely entrapped. 

Let us now take the next witness, 
Monteen Stover — a girl of about the 
same age as Mary — and who also 
worked at the facto^5^ She. too. came 
for her wages on Memorial Day, April 
2Gth. She testified : 

"I was at the factory at 5 minutes 
after 12 o'clock that day. I stayed 
there 5 minutes and left at 10 minutes 
after 12. I went there to get my 

"I went in Mr. Frank's office: he- 
was not there. I didn't see or hear 
anj'bod}'' in the building. 



^'The door to the metal room ivas 

''I looked at the clock on my way 

"/ icent through the first office into 
the second office.''^ 

Pray note that the crucial minutes 
in this terrible case are fixed by 
Frank'' s own clock. The witnesses are 
in full view of it, as they go up and 
■down the stairs. Newt Lee, Mrs. J. 
A. White, Miss Monteen Stover, and 
all the others who testify as to what 
happens in the factory, that Satur- 
day, go by this clock. Presumably. 
Frank himself does so, in telling his 
detective about his movements that 

The gubernatorial Benedict Arnold 
who betrayed his people and became 
the national hero of rich Jews, de- 
clared to the world that Leo Frank 
must haA'e been in his inner office 
when ]Monteen Stover called. I men- 
tion the fact, because it proves that 
John M. Slaton must be morally cer- 
tain where his client and his clienfs 
victim were^ while Monteen tvas wait- 
ing in the vacant offices. Nothing 
but the closed door of that metal room 
kept Monteen from catching Slaton's 
guilty client in the very act! 

While the one girl was waiting in 
the empty and silent offices, the other 
was in the metal room, unconscious, 
and soon to be dead. 

Slaton ravished the official record, 
by telling an easily duped public that 
Leo Frank was in his second office at 
from 12:05 to 12:10. This corrupt 
traitor knows that unless Frank can 
be stationed in his office, at that iden- 
tical time, he assaulted and murdered 
the girl. Consequentl3^ Slaton rapes 
the record, and puts his client where 
he was not, in order that the Avorld 
may not know where he teas; namely, 
behind the closed door of the metal 
room. Avhere the crime was being com- 
mitted, as Monteen Stover waited for 
(the missinj; Frank. 

On page 243 of the official record 
appears a statement made by Frank 
to N. A. Lanford, Chief of Detectives, 
on Monday morning, April 28th, 

"The office boy and stenographer 
were with me in the office mitil noon. 
They left about 12, or a little after." 
(This was true.) After they left, "this 
little girl, Mary Phagan, came in, but 
at the time I did not know that was 
her name. 

"She came in between 12:05 and 
12:10, maybe 12:07, to get her pay- 
envelope, her salar3^ I paid her, and 
she went out of the office. ... It was 
my impression that she just walked 

This statement, which Frank knew 
was being reduced to writing, accords 
with what he told the officers who 
went to his house Sunday morning. 
He was accurate in fixing the time 
when his stenographer left (as you 
will see later), and he was also accu- 
rate in fixing the time of Mary Pha- 
gan's arrival. 

He did not then know that Monteen 
Stover had followed so closely upon 
the heels of Mary, and was in his 
office at the very time when ■ an inno- 
cent Leo Frank would have been there. 

Slaton knew that Frank had to be 
in his office from 12:05 to 12:10, else 
he lolled the girl; and of course 
Frank knew it, too. 

Therefore, the murderer tells his 
detective, and the city officers, that he 
was in his office, at the crucial time; 
and when an unexpected, and unim- 
peachable, witness turns up, and 
swears that he was not in his office, at 
the crucial time, one of his attorneys 
issues a gubernatorial proclamation 
which obliterates Monteen Stover^s 
testimony, and restores his guilty 
client to the place of innocence which 
the murderer took for himself, before 
he knew of Monteen'' s being in his 
office while he was committing the 
crime in the metal room. 



After an intelligent white girl — of 
flawless character, and Mith no con- 
ceivable motive for perjiHT — swears 
positively that she went to Frank';* 
office to get her money, and that she 
looked fgr him in both rooms — the 
outer and the inner offices — Governor 
John M. Slat on argued to the public 
that his client was in the second 
office, during the whole -five minutes 
that the girl was looking and tcaiting 
for h im ! 

Could there be moral turpitude 
blacker than that of a Governor who 
prostitutes his office to protect blood- 
guilt, and who endeavors to hide his 
own baseness by falsifying the oflScial 
records of his State? 

Slaton did, Avith a spurt of his pen. 
that which Burns, Rabbi Marx, 
Frank's wife, and Samuel Boornstein 
were unable to do by persuasion or 
by threat — he got rid of the evidence 
which convicts Leo Frank of the mur- 
der of Mary Phagan. The most per- 
sistent, unprecedented, and illegal 
methods were used by the Burns De- 
tective Agency, and by Rabbi Marx 
to induce this honest young woman, 
Monteen Stover, to perjure herself; 
but these outrageous efforts were 
foiled by the old-fashioned honesty of 
this poor daughter of the ivorking 

It was the snob Governor, of high 
society, gilded club-life, and palatial 
environment, that proved to be the 
rotten pippin in our barrel. Rich 
Jews could not buy the work-people 
whose daily bread is earned by the 
toil of their hands. Rich Jews were 
never able to move a single member 
of the juiy which listened for weeks 
to this damning testimony. Neither 
could Judge Roan, or our Supreme 
Court be moved. With splendid in- 
tegrity, our whole system withstood 
the attacks of Big Money, until, at 
length, nothing was left but the per- 
fidy of a Governor who, in the inter- 
est of his client, betrayed a high 
office, and a great people. 

R. P. Bariett was the next witness 
for the State. 

He testified that he was the machin- 
ist at the pencil factor}-, and that on 
Monday morning, April 2Sth, he 
"found an unusual spot that I had 
never seen before, at the west end of 
the dressing room, on the second floor. 
That spot was not there Friday. It 
was blood. The spot was four or five 
inches in diameter, and little spots 
behind these from the rear — six or 
eight in number. I discovered these 
between 6:30 and 7 o'clock. White 
stuff (potash or haskoline) was 
smeared over the spots. 

"I found some hair on the handle 
of a bench lathe. The handle was 
in the shape of an L. The hair was 
hanging on the handle, swinging 
down. The hair was not there Fri- 
day. It was my machine. I know 
the hair was not there Friday, because 
I had used that machine up to quit- 
ting time, Friday, 5:30. 

"I could tell it was blood by look- 
ing at it. I found the hair some few 
minutes afterward — about six or eight 
strands, pretty long. When I left my 
machine Friday, I left a piece of 
work in it. AVhen I got back, the 
piece of work was still there. It had 
not been disturbed." 

(Bear in mind, that all of this was 
early Monday morning, when no Gen- 
tile had accused Leo Frank, for whom 
rich Jews had already, in secret, em- 
ployed the best lawyers. When the 
rascally Burns got into the case, an 
effort was made to bribe this machin- 
ist, but he refused to sell out,) 

The State's next witness, Mell Stan- 
ford, had been working for Frank 
two years. He testified that he swept 
up the whole floor in the metal room 
Friday, April 25th. "I moved every- 
thing, and swept everything. I swept 
under Mary's and Barrett's machines. 
On Monday thereafter, I found a spot 
that had some white haskoline over it, 
on second floor, near dressing room, 
that wasn't there Friday when 1 



swept. The spot looked to me like it 
was blood, w'ith dark spots scattered 

The extreme importance of the evi- 
dence of Barrett and Stanford is, 
that the hair and the spots were not 
there on Friday. As Barrett's hands 
had been turning his machine handle, 
at 5:30 Friday evening, the tress of 
woman's hair could not have been on 
ii then. How came it there after the 
men and girls quit work Fridaj?^? And 
whose was it. if not Mary Phagan's? 

As Stanford swept the floor Friday, 
the blood spots could not have been 
there then, for his small hroom icould 
certainly have swept the white pow- 
der. Whether paint or blood, how 
came the spots, and the white powder 
on the floor, after Stanford swept up, 
Friday ? 

Mrs. George W. Jefferson testified 
that she worked at the pencil factory, 
and that on Monday, "u'e saw hlood 
on the second floor, in front of the 
girls' dressing room. It was about 
05 hig as a fan^ and something white 
was over it. I didn't see it there Fri- 
day. I have been working there 
years. The spot I saw was not one of 
the paints. The white stuff did not 
hide the red. You could see it 

R. B. Haslett testified that on Mon- 
day morning he and ]\Ir. Black went 
out to Frank's house, to request him 
to appear at the station-house. 

"I saw Mr. Rosser and Mr. Haas 
at the station-house about 8 :30 or 9 
o'clock. Mr. Frank was at the sta- 
tion-house two or three hours." 

E. F. Holloway, sworn for the 
State: Was day watchman at fac- 
tory. Forgot to lock the elevator on 
Saturday, when he left the factory at 
11 :45, Witness admitted that he had 
previously sworn twice that he left 
the elevator locked; once, in the affi- 

davit he gave to Solicitor Dorsey 
and, again, at the coroner's inquest. 

(In other words, Holloway en- 
trapped the State, which had his 
sworn testimony, twice given, that he 
had left the elevator locked at 11 :45 
Saturday morning. He had not noti- 
fied them of his change., otherwise the 
State would not have put him up.) 

On cross-examination, Holloway 
stated that Frank got back from Mon- 
tag's at about 11 o'clock. That Frank 
was working on his books in the office. 
That Corinthia Ilall^ and Emma 
Clark were coming toward the factory 
(at 11:1^5)., when he., Holloway., was 

(Remember this: its importance 
was not apparent to the witness when 
he swore it., and he was doing what 
he could to help his employer.) 

He had often seen blood spots on 
the floor, but didn't remember having 
seen those Barrett found. 

Witness had never seen Frank 
speak to Mary Phagan, Cords like 
that found on Mary's neck are all 
over the place. They come on the 
bundles of slats that are tied around 
the pencils. Barrett found the blood, 
hair, and pay-envelope. 

Witness' explanation of the differ- 
ence between his former testimony 
about the elevator, and that which he 
was giving at the trial, is quite sim- 
ple and satisfactory: he says that he 
sawed a plank for the two carpenters 
on the fourth floor, and forgot about 
it; and, as soon as he remembered 
that he had sawed the plank, he recol- 
lected that he had forgotten to lock 
the elevator. Thus doth the little 
busy bee improve each shining hour; 
and, by association of ideas, remember 
that forget fulness as to sawing one 
plank, revives the memory to the 
extent that one can recall what it was 
he forgot. 

N. X. Darley was Manager of a 
branch of the pencil factory. He tes- 
tified : 



"Mr. Sig Montag is my superior, 
Mr. Frank and I are of equal dignity 
in the factory. 

^'I was there Sunday morning 
(April 27), about 8:20. *I saw Mr. 
Frank that morning. When I first 
saw him, I observed nothing unusual. 
When we started to the basement, 1 
noticed that his hands were trembling . 
I observed that he seemed still nerv- 
ous when he went to nail up the back 
door. Frank explained why he was 
nervous by saying he hadn't had 
breakfast, and that the sight at the 
morgue had unnerved him. 

"T'Ae elevator was unlocked. 

''''Mr. Frank told me in the hase- 
ment that he helieved the murder had 
been committed in the basement. 

"When we started down the ele- 
vator, he was shaking all over. He 
looked pale. When riding down to 
the police station, Mr. Frank was on 
my knee: he was trembling. "\Vhen 
my attention was called to it, I no- 
ticed something that looked like blood, 
with something white over it, at the 
ladies' dressing room, Monday morn- 

^''Barrett showed me some hair on 
the lever of a lathe: six or eight 
strands, at the outside. 

"Pay-envelopes are found scattered 
all around. 

"The factory is supposed to be 
locked and unoccupied by any person 
on Sundays. 

"Frank usually started on his bal- 
ance sheet in the afternoon. 

"Frank is a small, thin man, about 
125, or 130 pounds. Is easily upset, 
and nervous. Eubs his hands. Sig 
Montag had a fuss with Frank on 
fourth floor, and Montag hollered at 
him considerably, and he was very 
nervous the balance of the evening; 
he shook and trembled. He says, 'Mr. 
Darley, I just can't work,' and some 
of the boys told me he took spirits of 
ammonia for his nerves. 

"Scratch pads are scattered all over 
the building. 

"Mr. Frank told me that the slip 
he took out of the clock Sunday 
morning had been punched regularly. 
/ made the some mistake.'''^ 

(Darley, like Frank, wanted to give 
an innocent negro an hour of the 
night, so that he might have time to 
go home and back.) 

W. F. Anderson, sworn for the 
State, said that when the call came 
from the night-watchman at the fac- 
tory, Lee phoned that a woman was 
dead at the factory. 

"I asked him if it was a white 
woman or a negro woman. He said 
it vjas a white woman.''"' 

Anderson went to the factory, used 
the ladder to reach the basement, and 
at about 3 :30 he began to use the tele- 
phone trying to get Leo Frank. "I 
heard the telephone rattling and buz- 
zing: I continued to call for fve min- 
utes: got no answer. 

"/ called Mr. Tlaas^ and Mr. Mon- 
tag, too; I got a response from both. 
I tried to get Frank again at 4 o'clock. 
Central said she rang, and couldn't 
get him. 

"There are plenty of pencils and 
trash in the basement. The trash was 
all uj) next to the boiler.'''' 

H. L. Parry, and G. C. February, 
stenographers, swore to their reports 
of Frank's statements to Chief Lan- 
ford, and to the coroner's jury. 

Albert McKnight, a negro, testified 
that his wife, Minola, cooks for Mrs. 
Selig. with whom Frank and wife 
lived : on Saturda}^ April 2Gth, he 
wos at the home of Frank to see 
Minola. He saw Frank when he came 
home, "close to 1:30. He did not eat 
any dinner. He came in, went to the 
sideboard of the dining room, stayed 
there a few minutes, and then he goes 
out, and catches a car. Stayed there 
about five or ten minutes. 

"I certainlv saw Mr. Frank that 



day, from the kitchen, where I waa 

Cross-examination failed to shake 
the negro, and he was corroborated 
later by white men who said he had 
made the same statements to them, 
soon after the murder. 

Miss Helen Ferguson testified that 
she worked at the pencil factory. 

"I saw Mr. Frank on Friday, April 
25, about 7 o'clock in the evening, and 
asked for Mary Phagan's money. Mr. 
Frank said, 'I can't let you have it.' " 

Witness had got Mary's money be- 
fore, but not from Frank. 

R. L. Waggoner swore to seeing 
Frank on Tuesday morning, walk to 
the window of the pencil factory, a 
dozen times in half an hour, look 
down on the sidewalk, and twist his 
hands. In the automobile, after his 
arrest, Frank's leg was shaking. 

J. L. Beavers, Chief of Police, 
swore: "Saw what I took to be a 
splotch of blood on the floor, near the 
dressing room door. It looked like 

R. M. Lassiter swore that he found 
a parasol in the bottom of the elevator 
shaft, Sunday morning; also a ball of 
small wrapping twine; also a person's 

"/ noticed evidenec of dragging 
from the elevator in the basement . 
The umbrella was not crushed. There 
is a whole lot of trash at the bottom" 
of the elevator shaft. 

W. H. Gheesling, funeral director 
and embalmer, testified : 

"I moved the body of Mary Phagan 
(from the factory) at 10 minutes to 
4 o'clock, in the morning, April 27th. 
This cord was around her neck. 
There was an impress of an eighth af 
an inch on her neck. The rag was 
around her head, and over her face. 
The tongue was an inch and a quarter 
out of her mouth, sticking out. The 
body was rigid ... in my opinion, she 
had been dead ten or fifteen hours. 

probably longer. The blood was very 
much congested. The blood had set- 
tled in her face, because she was lying 
on her face. 

"I found some dirt and dust under 
the nails. Some urine and dry blood 
splotches on the underclothes. The 
right leg of the drawers was split 
with a Imife, or ripped right up the 

"/7er right eye was very dark^ and 
very much swollen^ like it was hit 
before death. If it had been after 
death, there wouldn't have been any 

"I found a wound 2^/4 inches on the 
back of the head. It was made before 
death, because it bled a great deal. 
The hair was matted with hlood^ and 
very dry. There is no circulation 
after death. / dldnH notice any 
scratches on her nose. I don't think 
the little girl lost much blood." 

Dr. Claude Smith testified that on 
one of the chips brought him, he 
found three, four, or five corpuscles 
of blood. Couldn't say it was human 
blood. A drop, or half a drop, or 
even less, would have caused it. Ex- 
amined the bloody shirt found at 
Newt Lee's. It was smeared inside 
and out. "I got no odor from the 
armpits that it had been worn. The 
blood was high up about the waist- 

Dr. J. W. Hurt, County Physician, 
testified to the wounds, one back of 
the head, and the other on the eye. 
"Black, contused eye. A number of 
small minor scratches on the face. 
Tongue protruding. Cord around the 
neck. She died of strangulation. 
There was swelling on the neck. The 
wound on back of head, made by blunt 
instrument, and the blow from down 
upward. It was calculated to produce 
unconsciousness. Scratches on face 
made after death. Hymen not intact. 
Blood on the parts. Vagina a little 
large for her age: enlargement could 
have been made by penetration before 



death. Normal virgin uterus. She 
was not pregnant. 

"T^Ae body looked as if it had been 
dragged through the dirt and cinders. 
It was my impression that she was 
dragged face forward." 

Dr. H. F. Harris, a practising phy- 
sician, testified: 

"I made an examination of the body 
of Mary Pliagan on May 5th. On 


removing skull, found a little hem- 
orrhage under the skull, correspond- 
ing with point where blow was re- 
ceived. Blow hard enough to render 
person unconscious. Injury to eye 
and scalp made before death. Strang- 
ulation by cord, the cause of death. 
Examined vagina. No spermatazoa. 
On walls of vagina, evidence of vio- 
lence of some kind. Epithelium pulled 
loose, completely detached in places, 
blood vessels dilated immediately be- 
neath surface, and a great deal of 
hemorrhage in surrounding tissues. 
"Indications were that violence had 

been done to vagina some little time 
before death. Perhaps ten or fifteen 

"'There was evidence of violence in 
the neighborhood of the hymen. This 
violence to the hymen had evidently 
been done just before death. 

"Menses could not have caused any 
dilation of blood vessels, and discol- 
oration of walls. 

"Contents of stomach showed that 
very little alteration, if any, had 
taken place in the cabbage and biscuit 
eaten for dinner. She died in half- 
an-hour, or three-quarters afterwards. 
"The violence to the private parts 
might have been produced by the 
finger or other means, but I found 
evidence of violence.'''' 

C. B. Dalton, sworn for the State, 
said that he knew Leo Frank, Daisy 
Hopkins, and Jim Conley. He had 
been to the pencil factory several 
times. Had been in the basement. 

"Daisy Hopkins introduced me to 
Frank. When I went down the lad- 
der (into the basement) Daisy Hop- 
kins went with me. We went back to 
a trash pile in the basement. I saw 
an old cot, and a stretcher. 

"Frank had Coco-Cola, lemon and 
lime, and bee)\ in his office. I never 
saw the women in his office doing any 
writing. The first time I went to 
Frank's office, it was Saturday eve- 
ning. I went in there with Daisy 
Hopkins. There were women in the 
office. I have been in there several 
times. Conley was sitting at the front 

S. L. Rosser: "I am city police- 
man. On May th or 7th, I Imew that 
Mrs. White claimed she saw a negro 
at the factory on Saturday morning, 
April 26th. 

"Mrs. White volunteered the in- 
formation about seeing the negro." 
Harry Scott, recalled: 
"I knew on Monday (April 28), 
that Mrs. White claimed she saw a 
darkey at the pencil factory. I gave 



the information to the police depart- 


"il/r. Frank gave me the informa- 
tion when I first talked to him.'''' 

(Pray observe that Frank not only 
told the detective whom he employed.^ 
that he knew Mary Phagan, and that 
he knew J. M. Gantt was paying con- 
siderable attention to her, but that he 
knew Jim Conley was in the factory 
on the day of the crime. 

Yet he was directing the police to a 
negro Avho was not there until night- 
fall, and to a white man who merely 
went in to get some old shoes!) 

"I got information as to Conley 
•writing, through my operations while 
I was out of town. Personally, / did 
not get the information from; the pen- 
cil factory, I got it from outside 
sources, wholly disconnected with the 
pencil company." 

Misses Myrtice Cato and Maggie 
Grifiin, both swore that they had seen 

Frank and Rebecca Carson repeatedly 
go into the ladies' private room, on 
the fourth floor, and remain fifteen or 
twenty minutes. This was during 
work hours. Rebecca Carson carried 
the key to this room. 

Let us now give the gist of the evi- 
dence of Jim Conley, the accomplice, 
whose confession blocked Leo Frank's 
deliberate scheme to hang the innocent 
negro, Newt Lee. 

Jim told how Frank would have 
private meetings with women in the 
factory, while he, Jim, kept a watch- 
out. He told of how another young 
man (Dalton) visited the factory, and 
how there would be "a lady for him, 
and one for Mr. Frank." 


He told of how Frank would signal 
to him, by "stomping" on the floor, 
when a woman was alone with Frank, 
and how he, Jim, was then to lock the 
door. When Frank got through with 



his woman, he would whistle, and Jim 
would unlock the door. 

Conley told of meeting Frank near 
Montag"s, that Saturday morning, and 
of their talk: on this point of the 
meeting, and an apparently confiden- 
tial talk, the negro was corroborated 
by Mrs. Hattie Waites. 

Tlie negro told of how the Jew 
instructed him where to sit, and what 
to do, when they reached the factoi-y 
after Frank got back from Montag's. 
Mary Phagan was expected; and 
Frank was planning to prevent inter- 
ruption, while he was alone with her. 

The negro then told of how he sat 
where Frank told him to, and he 
named the several visitors that came 
to the factory during the morning. 

At length, he reaches the doomed 
girl, and he said — 

"The next person I saw. was the 
lady that is dead. 

"After I went upstairs. I heard her 
footsteps going towards the office; and 
after she went in the office, I heard 
two people walking out of the office, 
and going like they were coming 
down the steps; but they didn't come 
down the steps; they went hack 
toicard the metal department.'^'' 

("Has the metal come? Will there 
be work for me, next week?" 

No more work for you, Mary Pha- 

You can die in defense of 3^ our vir- 
tue, but never more will you turn 
the dull wheel of Labor!) 

"'After they went back there, I 
heard the lady scream, but I didn't 
hear no more; and the next person 
that came was Miss Monteen Stover. 
She sta^'ed there a pretty good while 
— it wasn't so very long, either — she 
came back down the steps, and left. 

"After she came back down the 
steps, and left, I heard somebody from 
the metal department come running 
back there upstairs, on their tip-toes : 
then I heard somebody tip-toeing back 
to the metal department." 

Next, he heard the "stomp," and the 
whistle, and went upstairs. 

"]\fr. Frank was standing there at 
the top of the etairs, shivering and 
trembling, and rubbing his hands, like 
this" — illustrating. 

"Pie had a little rope in his hands — 
a long, wide piece of cord. 

"liis eyes looked funny. His face 
was red. 

"After I got to the top of the 
stairs, he asked me: 

" 'Did you see that little girl that 
passed here just a while ago?' 

"I told him I saw one come along 
there, and she come back again, and 
then I saw another one come along 
there, and she hasn't come back down. 

"And he says, 'Well, the one you 
say didn't come back down, she came 
into my office, and I went back there 
to see if her work had come, and I 
wanted to be with the little girl, and 
she refused me, and I struck her, and 
I guess I struck her too hard, and she 
fell and hit her head against some- 
thing^ and I don't know how bad she 
got hurt." 

At the time Jim made this state- 
ment first to the officers, he did not 
Imow that there was a wound in the 
back of the girl's head ; and, of course, 
he did not know it rangea "from down 

He did not know that her eye was 
black and swollen, and that scientific 
testimony would prove the two wounds 
to have been given at practically the 
same time. 

Without Jim's story of the blow in 
her face, and her fall against some- 
thing, it would be impossible to take 
the official record and explain those 
two wounds — front and rear. 

One man could not have made the 
two wounds, simultaneously : the fall 
against the handle of the machine 
made the rear wound, and explains 
its peculiar range. 

Had Jim been making up a story, 
he would have said that she fell 



against the crank,, or against some 
sharp corner, naming it. 

In the excitement of the moment, 
Frank himself did not know ichat it 
was that the girl had struck in fall- 
ing,, else he would have removed her 
tress of hair from the crank. 

Is it not an evidence of the veracity 
of the negro's story, that he repre- 
sents Frank as saying he had hit the 
girl too hard, and in falling she had 
hit something,, and he did not know 
how bad she was hurt? 

The fact is. Frank expected to over- 
come the girl's resistance without any 
more violence than rakes usually exert 
on modest girls who stoutly resist, 
and even cry out, at first. 

Her determined fight enraged him; 
and, knowing that he had but a few 
minutes in which to accomplish his 
purpose, he struck her, believing she 
would then yield, through fear. 
. When she fell on the floor, he may 
have thought she was shamming un- 
consciousness ; and he therefore ripped 
her drawer-leg, clear up, and did the 
violence to the vagina. HOW? Not 
in the natural way. 

Then, his passion cooled, he saw 
that the girl was badly hurt ; and that 
if he allowed her to leave, in her 
pitiable condition, she would go out 
into the streets, and make the city 
ring with what she could tell,, and 
what she could show. 

Having gone that far — it was death 
anyway — he ran for the cord, tied it 
around her neck, as tight as he could 
tie it; and left her, to call for help 
from Jim, his confidential man, in 
such matters. 

The strip from her underskirt was 
probably torn off, and wadded under 
the girl's head, when he pushed up 
her clothes, and ripped the leg of her 

Conley continued his testimony, as 
to what Frank said to him: 

" 'Of course you know / ain't huilt 
like other men.'' " 

Note, farther on, that Miss Nellie 
Woods swore that Frank used these 
identical words to her, when he had 
her in his office, and was trying to get 
his hands under her clothes. 

Of course, Jim Conley did not know 
that Frank had ever used those words 
to a white girl, and the corroboration 
IS powerful. 

The negro continued: 
"The reason he said that was, I had 
seen him in a position I haven't seen 
any other man," etc. 

The language is set forth in the 
opinion of the two Justices of the 
Georgia Supreme Court, who dis- 
sented from the majority. They con- 
sidered the evidence improper, and 
their dissent was based upon this, and 
upon other evidence of Frank's vices. 
What Jim described, was the crime 
of Sodom. 

"He asked me if I wouldn't go back 
there, and bring her up, so that he 
could put her somewhere; and he said 
to hurry ! that there would be mone}'' 
in it for me. 

"When I came back there, I found 
the lady lying flat of her back, with a 
rope around her neck. The cloth was 
also tied around her neck, and part of 
it was under her head, like to catch 
blood. She was dead when I went back 
there, and I came back and told Mr. 
Frank the girl was dead, and he said, 
'Sh, sh.' He told me to go back there 
by the cotton box. get a piece of cloth, 
put it around her, and bring her up. 
I didn't hear what Mr. Frank said, 
and I came on up there to hear what 
he said. He was standing on the top 
of the steps, like he was going down 
the steps, and while I was back in the 
metal department. I didn't under- 
stand what he said, and I came on 
back there to understand what he did 
say, and he said to go and get a piece 
of cloth to put around her, and I went 
and looked around the cotton box, and 
got a piece of cloth and went back 



The girl was lying flat on her 
hack', and her hands were out this 
way. I j)ut hoth of her hands down 
easily, and rolled her up in the cloth, 
and taken the cloth and tied her up. 
and started to pick her up, and I 
looked back a little distance and saw 
her hat and piece of ribbon laying 
down, and her slippers, and I taken 
them and put them all in the cloth, 
and I ran my right arm through the 
cloth and tried to bring it up on my 
shoulder. The cloth was tied just like 
a person that was going to give out 
clothes on Monday; they get the 
clothes and put them on the inside of 
a sheet and take each corner and tie 
the four corners, and I run my right 
arm through the cloth after I tied it 
that way and went to put it on my 
shoulder and I found I couldn't get it 
on my shoulder; it was heavy, and I 
carried it on my arm the best I could, 
and when I got away from the little 
dressing room that was in the metal 
department, I let her fall, and I was 
scared and kind of jumped, and I said, 
'Mr. Frank, you will have to help me 
with this girl, she is heavy,' and he 
come and caught her by the feet, and 
I laid hold of her by the shoulders, 
and when we got her that way I was 
backing and Mr. Frank had her by 
the feet, and Mr. Frank kind of put 
her on me; he was nervous and trem- 
bling, and after we got up a piece 
from where we got her at, he let her 
feet drop, and then he picked her up. 
and we went on to the elevator, and 
he pulled down on one of the cords 
and the elevator wouldn't go, and he 
said, '■Wait, let me go in the office, and 
get the key; and he went in the of ice 
and got the key and come hack and 
unlocked the sicitchhoard, and the ele- 
vator went down to the basement, and 
we carried her out, and / opened tli 
cloth and rolled her out there on the 
floor, and Mr. Frank turned around 
and went on up the ladder, and I no- 
ticed her hat and slipper and piece of 

ribbon, and I said, 'Mr. Frank, what 
am I going to do with these things?' 
and he said. 'Just leave them right 
there,* and I taken the things and 
jiitched them over in front of the 
boiler, and after Mr. Frank had left, 
I goes over to the elevator, and he 
said, 'Come on up and I will catch 
you on the first floor,' and I got on 
the elevator and started it to the first 
floor, and Mr. Frank was running up 
there. lie didnH give me time to stop 
the elevator, he icas so nervous and 
tremhly, and before the elevator got 
to the top of the first floor, Mr. Frank 
made the first step onto the eleva'or, 
and by the elevator being a little 
down, like that, he stepped down on 
it and hit me quite a blow right over 
about my chest, and that jammed me 
up against the elevator, and when we 
got near the second floor he tried to 
step off hefore it got to the floor, and 
his foot caught on the second floor as 
he was stepping ofl", and that made 
him stumble and he fell back sort of 
against me, and he goes on and takes 
the key hack to his of ice and leaves 
the hox unlocked. 

"I was willing to do anj'thing to 
help Mr. Frank because he was a 
white man and my superintendent, 
and he sat down and I sat down at 
the table, and Mr. Frank dictated the 
notes to me. Whatever it was, it 
didn't seem to suit him, and he told 
me to turn over and write again, and 
I turned the paper and wrote again, 
and when I done that he told me to 
turn over again, and I turned over 
again and I wrote ont he next page 
there, and he looked at that and kind 
of liked it .and he said that was all 
right. Then he reached over and got 
another piece of paper, a green piece, 
and told me what to write. He took 
it and laid it on his desk, and looked 
at me smiling and rubbing his hands, 
and then he pulled out a nice little 
roll of greenbacks, and he said, 'Here 
is $200,' and I taken the money and 



looked at it a little bit, and I said, 
*Mr. Frank, don't you pay another 
dollar for that watchman, because I 
will pay him myself,' and he said, 'All 
right, I don't see what you want to 
buy a watch for, either; that big, fat 
wife of mine wanted me to buy an 
automobile, and I wouldn't do it.' 
And after a while Mr. Frank looked 
at me and said, 'You go down there 
in the basement and you take a lot of 
trash and burn that package that's in 
front of the furnace,' and I told him 
all right. But I ivas afraid to go down 
there hy myself^ and Mr. Frank 
wouldnH go down there with me. He 
said, 'There's no need of my going 
down there,' and I said, 'Mr. Prank, 
you are a white man, and you done 
it, and I am not going down there and 
burn that myself.' He looked at me 
then kind, of fnghtened.^ and he said., 
*Let me see that money^ and he took 
the Tnoney hack and put it back in his 
pocket, and I said, 'Is this the way 
jou do things?' And he said, 'You 
keep your mouth shut, that is all 
right.' And Mr. Frank turned round 
in his chair and looked at the money, 
and he looked back at me and folded 
"his hands and looked up and said, 
^Why should I hang? I have wealthy 
people in Brooklyn^ and he looked 
down when he said that, and I looked 
up at him, and he was looking up at 
the ceiling, and I said, 'Mr. Frank, 
what about me?' And he said. 'That's 
all right, don't you worry about this 
thing; you just come back to work 
Monday, like you don't know any- 
thing, and keep your mouth shut; if 
you get caught, I will ^(^i you out on 
bond and send you away,' and he said. 
•'Can you come back this evening and 
do it?' And I said, 'Yes,' that I was 
coming to get my monej'. He said, 
'Well, I am going home to get dinner, 
and you come bqck here in about 
forty minutes and I will fix the 
money, and I said. 'How will I get 
in?' And he said, 'There will be a 

place for you to get in all right, but 
if you are not coming back, let me 
know, and I will take those things 
and put them down with the body,' 
and I said, 'All right, I will be back 
in about forty minutes.' Then I went 
down over to the beer saloon across 
the street, and I took the cigarettes 
out of the box and there was some 
money in there and I took that out, 
and there was two paper dollars in 
there and tw^o silver quarters, and I 
took a drink, and then I bought me a 
double-header and drank it, and I 
looked around at another colored fel- 
low standing there, and I asked him 
did he want a glass of beer, and he 
said no, and i looked at the clock and 
it said twenty minutes to two, and the 
man in there asked me was I going 
home, and I said, 'Yes,' and I w^alked 
south on Forsyth Street to Mitchell 
and JNIitchell to Davis, and I said to 
the fellow that was with me, 'I am 
going back to Peters Street,' and a 
Jew across the street that I owed a 
dime to called me and asked me about 
it and I paid him that dime. Then I 
went on over to Peters Street and 
staid there a while. Then I went 
home and I taken fifteen cents out of 
my pocket and gave it to a little girl 
to go and get some sausage, and then 
I gave her a dime to go and get some 
wood, and she staid so long that 
when she came back I said, 'I will 
cook this sausage and eat it and go 
back to Mr. Frank,' and I laid down 
across the bed and went to sleep, and 
I didn't get up any more until half- 
past six o'clock that night. 

That's the last I saw of Mr. Frank 
that Saturday. I saw him next time on 
Tuesday, on the 4th floor, when I was 
sweeping. He walked up and he said, 
''Now., remember^ keep your mouth 
shvt,^ and I said, 'All right,' and he 
said, '// you'd come, hack on Saturday 
and done what I told you to do with 
it doxim. there., there icould have heen 
no trouble!' This conversation took 



place between ten and eleven o'clock 
Tuesday. ^Mr. Frank knew I could 
write a little bit, because he always 
gave me tablets up there at the office 
so I could write down what kind of 
boxes we had, and I would give that 
to Mr. Fi'ank down at his office, and 
that's the way he knew I could write." 

On cross-examination — it lasted 8 
hours — the negro stated that he was 
•27 years old: that before he went to 
the pencil factory, he worked a year 
and a half for Dr. Palmer; that he 
had worked for the Orr Stationery 
Company, and for S. S. Gordon. Be- 
for that, for Adams Woodword and 
Dr. Howell. Got his first job with 
S. M. Truitt. Next with W. S. Coates. 
Went to school one year. Can write 
a little. Worked for Truitt two years. 
For Coates, five years. 

He admitted he had stooled in the 
elevator shaft, Friday evening. 

"/ have never seen the night watch- 
man^ Newt Lee.'''' 

(Notice that Lee had only been 
there three weeks, and that Conley 
had never seen him; and therefore it 
was Franl\ not Conley, who knew 
that the night-watch was a '■'■tall., slim, 
black negro.'''' 

Therefore, it was Frank., not Con- 
ley, Avho was able to accurately de- 
scrihe Lee, in the notes, where he is 
twice described I 

This immensely important detail has 
heretofore been overlooked.) 

''T heard them say there was a negro 
night watchman, but I did not know 
he was a negro. 

"The lady that I saw with Mr. 
Frank was Miss Daisy Hopkins. It 
would alwaj's be between 3 and 3:30 
(o'clock p. m.). I was sweeping the 
second floor; (Frank's office floor). 
Mr. Frank called me into his office. 
Miss Daisy was with him." 

Then Jim told of how Dalton and 
another woman came'; how Dalton 
and his went down into the basement, 
and how Frank and his, remained to- 

gether; and how, after the two men 
got through, each paid him 25 cents 
for watching while they were with 
the women. 

Then Jim told of the Avoman who 
came down from the fourth floor, to 
be with Frank in his office, while the 
negi'o watched. 

(The manner of Frank with these 
women is set forth in Volume 141 of 
the Georgia Reports, page 287. Any- 
one can obtain a copy by writing to 
the State Librarian, Atlanta.) 

"I never was drunk at the factory. 
Yes, I sometimes drank beer in the 
basement with Snowball" — another 
negro employee. 

Jim admitted that he had told lies 
about the case, until he decided to 

''Mr. Quinn came in, and then went 
away before Mary Phagan came. Mr. 
Quinn had already gone out of the 
factory when Mary Phagan came in. 
I didn't see Mr. Barrett, nor Miss 
Corinthia Hall, or Hattie Hall, or 
Alonzo Mann, or Emma Clarke. 

"/ never was in jail until April, 
1913. I have been down at police bar- 
racks several times. I was arrested 
for fighting black boj^s. I have never 
fought a white man, or woman. 

"While I was writing the notes, 
Mr. Frank took the pencil out of my 
hand, and told me- to rub out that 'a' 
in 'negro.' 

"I saw Mary Phagan's mesh-bag, 
or pocketbook, in Mr. Frank's office, 
after he got back from the basement. 
It was lying on his desk. He taken 
it and put it in the safe.'''' 

"Mr. Frank told me he would send 
me away from here if they caught 
me. He would get me out on bond, 
and send me away. 

"I had orders from Mr. Frank to 
write down how many boxes we 

"il/n Frank knew for a whole year 
that I could write. I used to write 
for him, the name of the pencils we 



made, 'Luxury,' 'George Washington,' 
'Thomas Jefferson,' 'Magnolia,' and 
'Uncle Remus.' 

"Yes, / wrote him orders to take 
money out of my wages^ 

(See the importance of this — un- 
known to the negro: Frank, familiar 
with his writing, sees two specimens 
of it in the basement, Sunday morn- 
ing, soon after the corpse is found, 
and yet never says a word about the 
''''hand-write'''' being Conley'^s^ nor 
about his, Frank's, knowing that 
Conley could write.) 

"The pocket-book was a white-look- 
ing pocket-book, with a chain to it. 
You could take it and fold it up and 
hold it in one hand." 

(Mary's mother referred to it as a 
silver mesh-bag.) 

Ivie Jones testified that he met Jim 
Conley on the street, between 1 and 
2 o'clock, Saturday afternoon, of 
April 26th; and that they walked on 
together toward Conley 's home. 

The State here "rested" its case. 
It had traced Mary into Frank's pos- 
session, and had thrown upon him 
the burden of explaining what became 
of her, for she was found dead, in his 
possession (in law), and the condi- 
tion of her stomach and limbs proved 
that she was murdered at about the 
time he got possession of her. 

In the effort to save his life, he pre- 
tended that she had gone into Newt 
Lee's possession, after nightfall; but 
he was foiled in his purpose to hang 
the innocent negro, by unforeseen cir- 
cumstances : 

(1.) The inabilit}^ of his friends 
to prove that anybody saw Mary 
alive, after she had been traced almost 
to the factory door: 

(2.) The providential visit of 
Monteen Stover to Frank's office, at 
the time when he told Harry Scott — 
and swore at the inquest — that Mary 
was in his office, and that he himself 
never left it: 

(3.) The call of nature, 3 o'clock 
after midnight, that same night, 
which providentially caused the en- 
dangered Newt Lee to discover the 
corpse — which Frank had intended to 
either drag out into the alley behind, 
or bury in the dirt floor, or burn in 
the furnace, when the fires were 
started again, Monday. 

(4.) The break-down and confes- 
sion of Jim Conley. 

Thus the circumstances forged a 
pei-fect chain around l"'rank. 

Like a shuttle in a weaver's loom, 
the girl was on the stairs, between 
Conley and Frank: both knew she 
was there; each man knew the other 
was there; and each man knew that 
if he did not kill the child, the other 

If she had left the hands of Frank, 
she was flung towards the hands of 
Conley, at the foot of the stairs; and, 
as Frank knew Conley was there, he 
knew the negro assaulted and mur- 
dered the girl, if he himself did not 
do so. 

There isn't a law^yer living who can 
get over this point, and explain 
Frank's screening of Conley, save 
upon the idea of their joint guilt. 

The Jew^ never hinted a suspicion 
of the negro, until after the negro 
exonerated Newt Lee, and put the 
awful crime where it belonged. 

And, without the negro's evidence, 
no man can possibly explain that hair 
and blood on Frank's floor; the ab- 
sence of blood or signs of struggle, 
elsewhere; the loose cloth around the 
head, which soaked up the blood; the 
hands folded across the breast, and 
so frozen into position that, when the 
fiendish Jcav dragged her by the heels, 
over a cinder-strewn and gritty dirt 
floor, those little fingers remained in 
position across the bosom, which was 
never to pillow a husband's head, or 
nourish an honest man's babe. 

"I put both of her hands down, 



easy;" and, as the negro had seen 
people cross the hands of the dead, 
he crossed hers upon her breast : and 
so they found them, next morning. 

Everlasting honor to the race which 
produces girls of this heroic mold — 
girls who will not live, unless they 
can live purely I 

Everlasting honor to the work peo- 
ple, and the common people, who 
have fought so grandly, for two long 
years, to avenge that innocent blood I 

xVnd honor forever to the brave men 
of Cobb County who carried out the 
legal sentence of the courts, after 
one of Frank's own lawyers had 
contemptuously upset the legal ma- 
chinery which had judicially ascer- 
tained Leo Frank's terrible guilt. 


The first two witnesses, Matthews 
and Hollis, merely swore to street- 
car schedules, and the time Mary 
Phagan rode into the city. 

Herbert SchitF, Assistant Superin- 
tendent of the factory, testified to the 
system of business, manner of paying 
off, how pencils are made, etc. 

He saw the blood spots, and the 
hair. His most important statement 
was made on cross-examination: 

"/ knew on Monday that Mrs. 
White claimed she saw a negro there^ 

Then, ISIr. Schiff, why didn't you 
go after that negro, instead of Newt 
Lee, who was at home, asleep? 

Answer the question^ NOW^ Mr. 
Eerhert Schifff 

You knew, on Monday, that the 
negro whom Mrs. White saw, must 
have been Jim Conley ; and you swore 
that you saw Conley in the shipping 
room of the factory on Monday, and 
on Tuesday, following: you did not 
ask Conley a single question about 
the crime; and yet you knew he must 
be the guilty man, if Frank wasn't. 

How do you explain your failure 
to catechise Jim Conley? 

Explain it, NOW, Mr. Schifff 
A detail of Mr. Schitf's evidence 
was, that '"''empty sacks are usually 
m.oved a few hours after they are 
taken off the cotton^ 

Frank's gubernatorial attorney 
argued that there was no use for 
cloth, or sacks, at a pencil factory. 

Miss Hattie Hall, stenographer, 
swore she finished her work, carried 
it to Frank, and left at 12:02, Satur- 
day, punching tlie clock as she went 

She said Frank did not make up 
his financial sheet that morning, but 
admitted she had testified differently 
at the inquest. 

Miss Corinthia Hall, sworn for the 
defense, stated she was forelady at 
the factory. Got there Saturday about 
25 minutes to 12 o'clock. Mrs. P^mma 
Clark Freeman was with her. They 
left at about 15 minutes to 12. Frank 
was in his office. 

On cross-examination, witness stated 
that she and Mrs. Freeman met 
Lemmie Quinn a few minutes later at 
the Greek Cafe, and Quinn told them 
he had just been up to see Mr. Frank. 

Mrs. Freeman's evidence was to the 
same effect. 

Miss Eula May Flowers merely tes- 
itfied that she gave Schiff the data 
for financial reports. 

Miss Magnolia Kennedy swore that 
Helen Ferguson did not ask for Mary 
Phagan's pay envelope. 

On cross-examination, she said: 

"Barrett called my attention to the 
hair. It looked like Marys. My 
machine was right next to Mary's." 

She had never before seen the spots 
on the floor, but on Monday could see 
them ten or twelve feet away. 

Wade Campbell, another employee: 

His sister, Mrs. White, told him, 

Monday, that she had seen the negro 

Saturday. "I saw the spots they claim 

was blood. Have never seen Frank 



talk to Mary Phagan. I knew that 
Conley could write." 

(Tlien, Mr. Campbell, why didn't 
you suspect Conley, whom yon knew 
to be the negro your sister saw there, 
and whom you knew could write?) 
Lemmie Quinn came next: 
He is foreman of the metal depart- 
ment. About 100 women work at fac- 
tory. Couldn't tell color of hair Bar- 
rett found. Noticed the blood spots. 
"I was in the office, and saw Frank 
between 12:20 and 12:25." 

He "reckoned" the time, and did 
not go by any clock or watch. He 
admitted that he met Miss Hall, and 
Mrs. Freeman after he had been to 
see Frank. 

(This was the only attempt at alibi : 
and tioo of FranJvS own loitnesses 
smashed if, hy FranJc's own clock. 

Note how they were corroborated 
by Mrs. White and Holloway, both of 
whom swore that the ladies, Miss Hall 
and Mrs. Freeman, were at the fac- 
tory some 10 to 20 minutes before 

The attem'pt to place Quinn in 
Frank's office at 12 :20, shows how they 
needed help, there and then: its 
break-down, left them without a leg 
to stand on.) 

Harr}^ Denham, one of the carpen- 
ters at work on the fourth floor, tes- 
tified to the hammering, forty feet 
from the elevator. Was pretty sure 
elevator did not run that day. He 
could have seen wheels moving, and 
heard the noise. Finished and left 
about 3 p. m. Frank was there. 
Minola McKnight: 
Testified to Frank's natural and 
regular conduct on Saturday and Sun- 
day. Swore her husband bulldozed 
her into making that affidavit about 
Frank getting drunk Saturday night, 
confessing to murder, and wanting to 
kill himself. 

"My husband tried to get me to tell 
lies," she said. "All that affidavit is 
a lie." 

Emil Selig, father-in-law to Frank, 
testified to his natural conduct, and 
conversation on Saturday. Flatly 
contradicted Albert McKnight. 

Miss Helen Kerns swore she saw 
Frank on the street, that Saturday, 
10 minutes after 1 p. m., on Alabama 

Mrs. A. P. Levy: Saw Frank get 
off car near his home, between 1 and 
2 p. m., that Saturday. Was looking 
at the clock, and knows it was 1 :20. 

Mrs. M. G. Michael, of Athens, tes- 
tified that Mrs. Frank is her neice. 
She saw Frank at about 2 o'clock 
Saturday. He greeted her. She saw 
nothing unusual about him. 

Jerome Michael, of Athens, swore 
that he had his watch in his hand 
Saturday, and saw Frank that day 
between 1 and 2 o'clock. Saw noth- 
ing unusual about him. 

"I practise law. I had my watch 
in my hand when I saw Frank." 

Mrs. Hennie Wolfsheimer swore to. 
about the same thing. She was 
Frank's aunt. She was corroborated 
by Julian Loeb, cousin to Mrs. Frank; 
Cohen Loeb, and H. J. Hinchey. 

Miss Eebecca Carson testified that 
she was foreladj^ at the pencil fac- 
tory; that the elevator is noisy when 
running, and that Jim Conley told 
her, on Monday, he was so drunk the 
previous Saturday he did not know 
where he was or what he did. She 
also heard Jim say that Frank was 
as innocent as an angel. 

Mrs. E. M. Carson testified that 
Conley said that Frank was innocent. 
She has seen blood spots on floor. 
Girls would hurt their fingers. 

On cross-examination, she admitted 
she had seen Frank and Conley, on 
fourth floor, at the same time, the 
Tuesday after the murder. 

(This was an important corrobora- 
tion of Conley 's evidence.) 

Miss Mary Pirk, another forelady 
at the factory, swore that on Monday 
she accused Jim of the murder, and 



that "he took his broom and walked 
right out of the office." Miss Mary 
swore she wouldn't believe Jim on 
oath. She did not report to Frank 
that she suspected Jim. "I accused 
Jim before I saw the blood at the 
ladies' dressing room." 

Miss Dora Small testified that she 
worked at the factory: saw Jim Con- 
ley on fourth floor Tuesda3\ Didn't 
see Frank talk to Jim. "I have never 
seen him talk to that nigger in my 
life." Miss Dora said that Jim worried 
her for money to buy newspapers, 
and that she wouldn't believe him on 
oath. P^very time he heard a newsboy 
yell "Extra!" Jim would go to Miss 
Dora and beg to see it, before she had 
finished with it. 

Miss Julia Fuss, who also worked 
there, testified that Jim said, on Wed- 
nesday, after the murder, that Frank 
was as innocent as the angels in 
heaven; she added that Jim "was 
never known to tell the truth." 

She testified that Frank came up 
stairs where Conley was, that Tues- 
day moiviing, but she did not see 
them in conversation. 

Annie Hixon, a lady of color, testi- 
fied that Frank called up the Ursen- 
bach home, about half-past one, April 
26, and told them he would not be 
able to keep his engagement to go to 
the ball game. 

Alonzo Mann, office boy at the fac- 
tory, swore he left at about 11:30 on 
Saturday. Had never seen Frank 
have any women there. Had never 
seen Dalton there. 

Mr. M. O. Xix identified the finan- 
cial sheets as being in Frank's hand- 

Harry Gottheimer travels for the 
pencil factory. Saw Frank at Mon- 
tag's that Saturday morning. Said 
Frank invited him to call at the fac- 
tory that afternoon. 

Mrs. Rae Frank, mother of defen- 
dant, identified some writing, especi- 
ally' a letter written by him to his 

uncle, Moses Frank, who "is supposed 
to be very wealthy." 

Oscar Pappenheimer, stockholder in 
tlie pencil factfjr}', swore to receiving 
i-oport ^Monday, April 28th. 

C. F. Ursenbach, brother-in-law of 
Frank, said he had an engagement 
for the ball game with Frank, for 
Saturday afternoon, and Frank called 
it ort'; saw Frank, Sunday: seemed 
all right. 

I. Straus swore he was at Frank's 
home, Saturday night, and while 
others played cards, Frank sat in the 
hall, reading. 

Mrs. P^mil Selig testified that the 
contents of the Minola McKnight affi- 
davit were false. 

Sig. Montag, Treasurer of the fac- 
tory, testified to Frank's coming to 
his house, Sunday morning, after the 
crime : looked all right : witness went 
to the factory that morning: sent for 
Haas and Rosser, Monday: made no 
trade about fees. Don't know who is 
paying Frank's lawyers. 

Many witnesses for the defense 
either confined themselves to the good 
character of Frank, or to the bad 
character of Conley, and to contra- 
dictory statements made by him; and 
not one of these witnesses swore to 
any fact of real importance. 

The defendant's lawyers carried the 
character business too far, by putting 
up Miss Irene Jackson, who, after 
saying that Frank's "character was 
very well," swore that he had a habit 
of leering at the girls in their private 
room, while they were partly un- 

jNIiss Bessie Fleming testified that 
Frank made out his financial sheets 
on Saturday mornings. 

Then came defendant's statement: 
It covers forty-five pages of printed 
matter, and less than five of these 
touch the merits of the case. 

He stated that after Hattie Hall 
left (12:02), Mary Phagan (he did 



not know her name, he said) came 
into his office, ten or fifteen minutes 
later, and that he did not know where 
she went after he gave her the pay 

He stated that Quinn came in, after- 
wards, and that if he (Frank) left 
his office, after 12 o'clock, before he 
went upstairs at 12:45, he must have 
"unconsciously^" gone back to the 
toilet ! 

(This toilet is back of the metal 
room, and he had to go to the metal 
room, and, if he went to it, then^ he 
had to go to the metal room where 
Mary Phagan's hair was, and over 
the very spot where her blood stained 
the floor ! ) 

Almost the entire statement of the 
defendant, as shown in the record, was 
taken up with a tedious and pro- 
longed explanation of his manner of 
doing his work at the factory. 

One thing Frank did try to do : 
he attempted to explain why his wife 
would not come to see him at the jail. 
He said he did not want her in that 
crowd of reporters, detectives, and 
snap-shotters ! 

(Three of Frank's male relatives 
had virtually dragged her to the 
police headquarters; but she would 
go no further; and when she went 
away, she stayed away three wee'ks. 

In the Atlanta papers, Eabbi Marx 
explained this by saying, she was ex- 
pecting every day that Frank would 
be released, although the ' fact was 
universally known that he had been 
bound OA'er for trial, and could not 
be bailed out. 

In rebuttal, the State proved that 
Frank's character for lasciviousness 
was bad. The witnesses who swore 
it, were M^^rtie Cato, Maggie Griffin. 
Mrs. C. D. Donegan, Mrs. H. R. 
Johnson, Marie Karst, Nellie Pettis, 
Mary Davis, Mrs. Mary E. Wallace, 
Estelle Winkle, and Carrie Smith. 
These white ladies had worked for 
Frank, and not one of them was im- 

peached, or cross examined^ by his 

By Ruth Robinson, Dewey He well, 
and W. E. Turner (white), it was 
proved that Frank not only Imew 
Mary Phagan, but talked to her by 
name, had his hand on her shoulder, 
tried to push his attentions on her; 
and that she was holding him off, 
repulsing his advances. 

George Eppes made affidavit that 
Mary told him, the Saturday morning 
he saw her last, alive, that Frank had 
been trying to flirt with her. 


One of the notes found near the 
corpse read: 

"He said he would love me, laid 
down play like night witch did it 
but that long tall black negro did 
boy hisself." 

The other read: 

"Mam that negro fire down here did 
this i went to make water and he 
push me down a hole a long tall 
negro black that had it wase long 
sleam tall negro i wright while play 
with me." 

Note, that unnatural sexual inter- 
course seems to be suggested; and 
that Newt Lee is designated by occu- 
pation once, and by personal descrip- 
tion, twice; and that the place of tlie 
crime is placed on the floor above — ■ 
not in the basement itself. 

Excepting a mass of immateriMl 
evidence, as to how long cabbage lies 
in the stomach undigested, and as to 
whether the girl's privates had been 
violated, the defendant had nothing 
except what I have stated. 

How could he have? 

The case hinged on the few minutes 
after Hattie Hall left at 12:02, and 
before Mrs. White's return at 12:30; 
and the disappearance of Frank and 
his victim, during the time that Mon- 
teen Stover waited for him in his 
office, could never be explained. 

His conviction rested upon undeni- 
able physical facts, and his own state- 



ments, made hefore he learned how 
Monteen could disprove them. 

The lawyers for the defense took 
three lines, and three only — each of 
them leading into what the French 
call a cul de sac. we Americans call 
it, a blind alley. 

A number of witnesses, following 
one of these paths that didn't go any- 
where, testified to a time or times 
when they had seen varnish and paint 
spilled, or when they had seen some- 
body hurt at a machine, and bleeding 
on the floor. None of these witnesses 
made the slightest effort to explain 
away the spots of red, with white 
powder over them, which were not 
on the floor when it was swept Fri- 
day, but was seen there th-e first thing 
Monday morning. 

Consequenth', this line of evidence 
stopped in a cul de sac. 

Another lot of witnesses were put 
up, to prove that Frank had never 
been seen by them to have had a 
woman, or women, in the factory on 
Saturday afternoons. 

Even a layman will perceive, that 
no matter how strong this point was 
made, it did nothing more than con- 
tradict Conley, as to one detail of his 
testimony. The evidence of these 
witnesses was consistent with the 
idea, that Frank was too sly in his 
secret vices to be caught up with by 
the ordinary employees of the place. 
Jim was his confidential man, and 
Jim was just the sort of negro to 
keep the secret, and to care nothing 
about the sexual practices of his white 

So you see that this path of the 
defense also led to nothing: it did 
not tend to clear up the mysterj' of 
Mary Phagan's death, in Frank's 
house., shortly after she went into his 

The third line of the defense con- 
sisted of scientific testimony as to the 

cabbage in the girl's stomach,' and the 
blood on her person. 

An incredible amount. of time was 
devoted to this point ; and the law- 
yers of Frank really appeared to at- 
tach tremendous importance to it. 

Doctor after doctor gave the most 
learned and exhaustive dissertations 
on the digesti])ility of cabbage: and 
doctor after doctor uttered wisdom, 
on the possibility of ascertaining, from 
the examination of a woman's corpse, 
whether she had suft'ered sexual vio- 
lence before she died. 

Can you not see at a ghmce how 
futile all this sort of tiling was? 
There was no dispute about the girPs 
going into Frank's possession, soon 
after she ate her dinner; there was 
no dispute that somebody murdered 
her, in Frank's own house, almost im- 
mediately after she entered it ; and 
nobody was being prosecuted for any 
other crime than murder! 

Frank was not being tried for 
rape, nor sodomy, nor adultery. He 
was being tried for THE MURDER 
OF MARY P HAG AN, who was found 
dead, hij violence, IN HIS HOUSE, 
shortly following her coming into his 

He admitted the possession; fixed 
the time by his own clock: and made 
false statements as to his then where- 
abouts; consequently the scientific tes- 
timony concerning the contents of the 
girVs stomach, and the condition of 
her vagina, was almost ludicrously 

That laborious path led nowhere, 
for the simple reason that it threw no 
light on the question in the case — that 
question being, "TFAo fastened the 
cruel cord around the child's neck, 
and choked her to death f 

The astounding fact to be learned 
from this official Brief of Evidence 
is, it fails to show that defendant'^s 
lawyers had any consistent theory 
as to who committed the crime. AND 



WHERE. I never saw such an in- 
stance of water-muddying, and beat- 
ing about the bush. At no pivotal 
point (lid Frank's attorneys grapple 
with the facts. You search in vain to 
find how they expected to show the 
jury that Mary Phagan came out of 
Frank's possession safely, after she 
came in, next to Hattie Hall, and was 
followed so closely by Monteen Stover. 
The jury could see — as you do — that, 
had she gone on down stairs, as Frank 
said she did, "at 12:05, or 12:10, or 
maybe 12:07," she would have met 
Monteen; and that the negro, at the 
foot of the stairs, could not have done 
what icas done to her, without being 
ta/icn in the act, hy the other white 

When Frank told the jury he must 
have been at the toilet during the 
five minutes that Monteen waited, the 
jury must have felt the cold chills 
run up their spines, for the jury knew 
that Mary had not "unconsciously" 
gone to the toilet, at the same time 
Frank did! 

What the doomed man, and his 
bewildered lawyers failed to see was 

It was just as necessary for him to 
explain WHERE MARY WAS, while 
Monteen waited, as to explain HIS 
fatal time. 

Frank's repeated statements en- 
trapped him beyond escape. He said, 
again and again, that Mary came next 
to Hattie Hall, and he did not mention 
Monteenh coming at all. This proved 
to the jury that he did not know of 
Monteen's coming. And he would 
have known it, had he been in his 
office, when he said he was. Now, 
as he had (in ignorance of Monteen's 
visit) placed both Mary and himself 
in his office — while Monteen waited — 
he had deliberately and repeatedly 
lied as to Mary's whereabouts, as well 
as his own. He might have "uncon- 

sciously" gone to the toilet. Very 
well; hut where did Mary go? 

Her hair, and her blood, and the 
only possible explanation of the 
wounds— the swollen eye in front, and 
the scalp cut on the back of the head, 
ranging from down upward — were 
all back there at the metal depart- 
ment, where the toilet was. 

Infatuated young degenerate! To 
escape Monteen's evidence, and to 
explain his absence from his office, he 
supposed himself to have gone, "un- 
consciously," to the only place in his 
house where there were damning evi- 
dences of the crime. 

Ask the finest criminal lawyer of 
your acquaintance, if he ever knew of 
a great case of circumstantial evidence, 
where the defendant was not con- 
victed hy something which HE said, 
or did. It happens so, almost invari- 
ably. Guilt cannot talk, or be mute; 
move, or stand still, without revealing 
the difference between the slush and 
the snow; the crystal fount, and the 
turbid stream. God so made the 
world that truths p: lies never do. 

No innocent man ever pretended 
not to know a murdered person with 
whom he had been in daily contact, 
for a year; with whom he had 
familiarly conversed, and upon whom 
he had put his hands: and no guilty 
man ever took hold of the upraised 
arms of his victim, crossed them 
decently over her bosom, and then 
bore her away from the scene of the 

When the defendant made his ex- 
traordinary motion for a new trial 
(the Supreme Court having unani- 
mously refused to grant a re-hearing 
on his regular motion for a new trial) 
there was developed the most amaz- 
ing series of operations, conducted by 
the W. J. Burns Agency, and by C. 
AV. Burke, private detective of Gov- 
ernor Slaton's law-firm. 

Practically all of the employees of 



the pencil factory, whose testimony 
had made out the State's case, were 
either threatened, or ottered money, 
to change their evidence. 

Much of this foul work was done in 
the private office of Governor Slaton. 
His detective, l^nrke, using the assumed 
name of Kelley, tampered with George 
Eppes, and took him to Birmingham. 
Albert McKnight was tempted with 
money, and with otters of employ- 
ment at high wages. Burns tried to 
get him to swear, that some injuries 
he had received in a railroad accident 
were caused by a beating given Albert 
by the Atlanta detectives. 

The work-girls were oti'ered money 
to make affidavits contradicting the 
evidence given at the trial. 

Carrie Smith was threatened by 
Burke with the exposure of alleged 
misconduct, if she did not come across, 
and make the statement Burke de- 
sired. The girl, being innocent, defed 
Governor Slaton'' s detective! 

Burns kept an Atlanta negro, Aaron 
Allen, several days in Chicago, talk- 
ing to him daily, and having Burns' 
underlings talk to him; and they were 
assisted by Jacob Jacobs. They 
wanted the negro to swear that Con- 
ley had confessed that he alone com- 
mitted the murder. One day, in Chi- 
cago, Allen was ushered into a room 
of the Burns suite of offices; where 
somehody had left on the table a 
large pile of money^ golci? silver, and 
greenbacks. The negro was too wary 
to touch it. 

Marie Karst testified that Burke 
and Lemmie Quinn came out to her 
home, and "Lemmie set up to drinks," 
and Burke talked to her. Wanted her 
to come to the office of Kosser, Bran- 
don, Slaton & Phillips. "I didn't go." 
Then Burke met her on the street, 
and offered to employ her to work 
for him. Gave her $2 a day for work- 
ing in the afternoons. "Burke wanted 
me to go around and see the girls who 
had sworn for the State in the Frank 

trial . . . and see if they would not 
change their evidence. 

"He told me that what I swore to 
did not bind me, because I was not 
cross-examined, and said it was not 

"I saw several of the girls, and they 
told mo they would not change their 
evidence, because what they swore to 
was true. 

"Burke wanted me to see Monteen 
Stover, and talk with her, and see if 
I couldn't get her to change her evi- 

"Ho wantea me to go down and 
live with Monteen, and 'pick' her. My 
mother refused to let me do it, aiid" 
Avould not let me work for Burke any 

"/ met Burke., and talked with him,. 

Mrs. Cora Falta testified that she 
had been working at the factory five- 

"On Monday, April 26, 1913, we 
were all at work, and Magnolia Ken- 
nedy came running into the room, and' 
said: 'TFe have found some of Mary''s 
hair on the lathe machine!'' We all' 
quit work, and went there and looked' 
at it." 

(Remember, that no one, at this 
time, suspected Leo Frank.) 

R. L. Craven swore that he heard 
J. N. Starnes urge Minola McKnight 
to tell something favorable to Frank,. 
if she could, because they would rather 
learn something in his favor than 
something against him; and, in the 
presence of Minola's husband, and' 
her lawyer, Starnes told the woman 
not to swear to her statement unless- 
it was true. 

This statement of Minola was in 
reference to Frank'^s heing di^nk dur- 
ing the night after the crime; his 
wife sleeping on the rug on the floor; 
and his calling for his pistol to kill 
himself. After these exhortations, the- 



■woman swore to the statement, and 
signed it. 

Mrs. Carrie Smith swore that she 
was offered $20 to sign an affidavit 
favorable to Frank. She had worked 
three A^ears at the factory, and knew 
Frank's character was bad. The man, 
Maddox, who wanted lier to change 
her evidence, was in Governor Slaton's 
private office, in the Grant building, 
when she went there to see Marie 

Mrs. ]\Iaggie Nash (formerly Grif- 
fin) swore to the efforts of Burns to 
(jet he)' to change her evidence as to 
Frank^s had character, and Frank'' s 
going into the private room, on the 
fourth floor, with a forelady. She 
told Burns he might try one hundred 
years to change her evidence, but she 
would never do it, because it was the 

Ruth Robinson swore that she had 
known Mary Phagan as a little girl, 
in Cobb County; and that she had 
seen Frank at Mary''s 7nachine, several 
times a day, talking to her, and call- 
ing her ''''Mary,'''' when it was not 
necessary from any business reason. 
"Mary had worked there a good, long 
time, and understood her business." 

"Sometimes Frank would remain at 
Mary's machine fifteen or twenty min- 
utes. I never saw him show that 
much attention to the work of the 
other girls on that floor. I have seen 
Frank, in showing Mary about her 
work, take hold of her hands, and 
hold them. Frank's visits to Mary, 
and talks with her, and assistance 
given her, hecame more and more fre- 

"The very last day I worked there, 
T saw Frank talking to Mary. / 
heard him call her 'Mary.'' 

"The said Leo Frank undertook to 
give me seven dollars, when he knew 
I was not entitled to the money, and 
he endeavored to have an assignation 
with me, some time the next week. 
This occurred in his office." 

Miss Nellie Pettis made affidavit 
to the ell'orts of Frank's detectives, 
and lawyers, to change her evidence; 
but she reiterated with emphasis that 
Frank had insulted her in his office, 
by making an indecent proposition 
which she indignantly rejected — fol^ 
lowing which she left his office and 

Mrs. Mamie Edmunds (formerly 
Kitchens) swore that when Frank, 
without knocking, would open the 
door of the ladies' private dressing 
room, and see girls in there partly 
dressed, she thought it would have 
been as little as he could have done to 
say, "Excuse me, ladies," and go 
away. But instead of doing so, "he 
would stand m the door, and laughed 
or grinned. I don't know when a 
Jew is laughing, or when he is grin- 
ning; but he stood there, and made 
no ert'ort to move." 

"Miss Jackson exclaimed, 'We are 
dressing, blame it!' and then he shut 
the door and disappeared." 

C. W. Burke tried to persuade wit- 
ness that 1^'rank's conduct was all 
right, and urged her to sign a paper 
to that effect. 

"I took Burke's word for what tlie 
papers contained. I did not tell 
Burke anything different from what 1 
have sworn before." 

C. B. Dalton swore that Burke 
offered him $100 to sign a paper, "to 
be used before the Pardon Board, to 
keep Frank from hanging." He said 
he went to Dublin, Ga., to do some 
work for a bank, and two Jews came 
to h'lm and offered him $400 to leave 
the State. They came to him several 
times, and renewed the offer, stating 
that they meant to get Frank a new 

"I have, on several visits to Frank's 
( ffice. seen girls there. Have seen him 
play with them, hug them, kiss them, 
iind pinch them. I saw him, on sev- 
eral occasions, take a girl and go back 
of the room where the dressing room 



is. On one occasion, Frank had six 
bottles of beer, and I caried three 
more to his ofiice. Frank told Dalton 
he needn't rent a room; to take Daisy 
Hopkins to the basement, where there 
was a cot. ''I used this cot with 
Daisy Hopkins half a dozen times." 

Helen Ferguson swore that Jimmie 
Wren, who worked for C. W. Burke, 
offered her $100, if she would leave 
Atlayita. Frank was going to get a 
new trial, and her hoard and all ex- 
penses would be paid while she was 
out of the State. She said that Wrenn 
made violent love to her, and tried to 
persuade her to marry him! He took 
her up to the Grant building, and in- 
troduced her to his "father." 

"Jimmie made love to me, and said 
he wanted to marry me, hut wanted 
me to sign an affidavit first.'''' 

They were worlring on the girl to 
get her to repudiate her statement, 
that Frank had refused to give her 
Mary's pay envelope. 

It was this refusal, on Friday eve- 
ning, to give Helen the $1.20 due to 
Mary, that compelled the girl to go 
to Frank herself for it, next day. 

Burns, Burke, and Wrenn were 
working desperately, us'ing John M. 
Slaton/s private office, to get out of 
their way the evidence which tended 
to show that Frank deliberately laid 
a trap for Mary Phagan. 

It was not until several weeks after 
Jimmy Wrenn introduced Helen Fer- 
guson to his "father," in Governor 
Slaton''s private office., that she dis- 
covered that Jimmy^s '"'' father'''' was 
the unscrupulous scoundrel, C. W. 
Burke, who was worlring for the firm 
of Rosser, Brandon, Slaton & Phil- 
lips, and trying, in the interest of this 
law-firm, to criminally defeat Law 
and Justice. 

Miss Nellie Wood gave testimony 
which corroborated Conley in a most 
remarkable manner. She said: 

"I told the Solicitor before he put 
me on the stand, that I was in the 

office of Leo Frank on one occasion, 
when the said Frank made an indecent 
proposal to me. My experience as a 
trained nurse enahled me to fully un- 
derstand and know what Frank in- 

••He said, 'You know, / am not like 
other people.'' and. drawing his chair 
closer up to me, says, 'I don't think 
j^ou understand me,' and put his hands 
on me: and I resisted, and got up and 
opened the door," etc. 

Frank's detectives endeavored to 
secure from this witness a statement 
that would negative her former evi- 
dence; but, as in every other instance, 
they fell short of success. 

Two white men — (iraham and Til- 
lander — made affidavit that they went 
to the pencil factory, Saturday. April 
26th, between 11 and 12 o'clock; and 
that they saw a negro seated near the 
foot of the stairs. Being unacquainted 
with the interior of the building, each 
of these men asked the negro where 
the office was located, and he directed 
them to it. If the negro was drunk, 
these men didn't notice it. 

Mrs. Hattie Waites made an affi- 
davit to the fact that, on Saturday 
morning. April 26th. between 10 and 
11 o'clock, she saw a white man and 
a negro talking together on the street, 
near Montag's place of business. She 
afterwards recognized Frank as the 
white man, and Conley as the negro. 

The most abominable a'ttempt to 
manufacture evidence was made while 
Conley was in jail, awaiting trial. A 
white convict, George Wrenn — who 
had stolen $30,000 worth of diamonds, 
but who was nevertheless a "trusty" 
in the prison — was the instrument 
used by the Frank detectives. 

He. in turn, employed a negro 
woman, Annie Maud Carter, a notori- 
ously low character. Wrenn coached 
this black strumpet, and put her into 
Conley 's cell, to entice him into com- 
mitting the unnatural act with her. 



They wanted to show that it was 
Conley who was the sodomist. 

"Mr. Gillem (a prison oificial) told 
me he would give me $2.00 if I would 
go in there and see Jim Conley. 
George Wrenn wrote a letter, and 
gave it to me, and he said, 'Yon give 
it to Jim Conley, and tell him it just 
came in through the mail.' 

"Gillem said to me, that Conley 

was a (a most nasty term for 

sodomite) and said, *I just want to 
see if he will fool with you with his 
— (the rest is too obscene to print). I 
have asked Conley, and he said he 
would never do a thing like that; said 

he had never done except in 

the natural way. 

"The first Sunday in December, a 
Jew came up — Mr. Pappenheim was _ 
there, too" — and the woman went on 
to tell how the Jew told her she could 
make a pot of money, and get rich 
quick, if she would put something in 
Jim Conley's victuals ! 

The Jew said to the negress — 

"I want you to take this little vial, 
and put a drop in his food, and give 
it to him." 

When the negress recoiled from the 
Jew's offer, he said to her, "You're a 
d — d fool," and walked off. 

"I don't Ivnow his name, but he 
comes up here" (where Frank and 
Conley were imprisoned) '"''with the 
Klein hoys. He has black hair, and 
his hair stands up, and his hat is 
pulled to one side." 

The detectives not only tried to get 
the Carter woman to inveigle Conley 
into the unnatural vice of which 
Frank was accused, but endeavored to 
get up a marriage between the two ! 

Conley and the woman both swore 
that their letters had been changed, 
and that the unprintable filth put in 
them, had been forged. 

Forged time-slips against Newt Lee ! 
Forged bloody shirt against Lee ! 
Forged affidavits against the girls ! 
Forced letter of the dead Judge 

Roan ! Forged letters of a couple of 
negroes ! 

The Avhole case of the defense 
reeked with fraud, bribery, perjury, 
and forgery. 

Never in the world was there a 
more infamous episode than which 
followed the organization of the 
Haas Finance Committee, after the 
legitimate litigation in this case had 

Having lost at every point in the 
legal contest, the Haas Finance Com- 
mittee was appointed for no other 
purpose than to defeat Law and Jus- 
tice, hy unparalleled and illegitimate 

It is almost miraculous that the in- 
domitable Solicitor, Hugh Dorsey, 
was able to defeat the Haas Commit- 
tee, defeat the detectives of Governor 
Slaton's firm, and defeat the criminals 
of the Burns "Detective" Agency — a 
villainous gang whose work consists of 
just such attempts to bribe witnesses, 
as was seen in their manipulations of 
the Frank case. 

With the following, clipped from 
current news reports in Atlanta, I 
close the review of the corrupt prac- 
tices used in the extraordinary mo- 
tion for new trial: 

Atlanta, Ga., Jan. 28. — The Rev. C. B. 
Ragsdale, formerly pastor of a local 
church, today testified he was paid $200 
for signing a false affidavit in connection 
with the Leo M. Frank case. Mr. Ragsdale 
was the first witness in the trial of Dan S. 
Lehon, soutiiern manager of the William 
J. Burns National Detective Agency; Ar- 
thur Thurman, a lawyer, and C. C. Ted- 
der, a former policeman, who are charged 
with subordination of perjury. It is 
alleged they procured false affidavits from 
Ragsdale and R. L. Barber shortly after 
Frank's extraordinary motion for a new 
trial was filed. 

In the affidavits Ragsdale and Barber 
declared they overhard James Cor ley, a 
negro, tell another negro that he had 
killed a girl in the factory where Mary 
Phagan was murdered. 

The former pastor still was on the wit- 
ness stand when court adjourned for the 



day. He testified to alleged meetings with 
the defendants when he said the affidavit 
was discussed, describing the signing of 
the document in the office of Luther Z. 
Rosser, who was one of Frank's principal 
counsel, and told of the alleged payment 
of the money later. He added that the 
night he received the money "a man rode 
up to my house on a motorcycle and told 
my sons to tell their father not to say any- 
thing to anybody unless it was a Burns 

By the skin of his teeth, Lehon 
escaped conviction, because the State 
was not able to trace the payment of 
the $200 cUreethj to him, beyond a 
reasonable doubt. At least, that is 
the most charitable view to take of 
the verdict. Some man, or men, on 
the panel may have suspected that the 
$200 fell out of the moon, and just 
accidentally dropped into Ragsdale's 

But you Avill have no doubts as to 
who hired, and paid, Ragsdale to 
swear that he had overheard Conley 
confess, because you have already seen 
how Burns had vainly tried to bribe 
Aaron Allen, in Chicago; and how 
they had tried to bribe the white girls, 
and how they tried to bribe R. P. 
Barrett, and Albert McKnight: and 
how they tried to use Annie Maud 

Decidedly, it is the blackest record 
of systematic effort to save the guilty, 
destroy the innocent, debauch wit- 
nesses, manufacture evidence, and 
create a public sentiment in favor of 
a fictitious case, AGAINST THE 
REAL ONE, that ever has been 
known in the New World. 

The Appellate Court of New York 
— the highest tribunal in that State — 
said, in the Becker case : 

Extensive as is the power of review 
vested in this court on a judgment ot 
death, the law does not intend to substi- 
tute the cncUisions of fact, wliich mny 
be fliawn by seven jud'-es. frr the conclu- 
sions of the fact wliich have been drawn 

from the evidence by twelve jurors, 

unless we are clear that the view of the 
facts taken by the jury is wrong. It is 
our duty to affirm, if the trial was fair 
and without legal error, and the verdict 
was not u^ainst the weight of evidence. 
We are to see to it that the trial was 
fair and that there was suA'icieut evi- 
dence witli recofoiized rules of law to 
support the verdict. This done, the re- 
.si>on.sibility for the result rests with the 

Tiiat is good law — good wherever 
the system of jury-trial prevails. 

Our Supreme Court reviewed the 
evidence in the Frank case, and found 
it "sufficient to support the verdict." 
(See page 284, 141 Georgia Reports.) 

The Court held unanimously that 
the new^ evidence, pretended to have 
been discovered after the verdict had 
been affirmed, was not of such a char- 
acter as to warrant another trial. 

The United States Supreme Court 
decided that Frank's lawyers had not 
been able to show that he had been 
denied a fair trial, or deprived of any 
legal right. 

Surely, a case should come to an 
end, some time. Surely, Frank's case 
ought to have ended when the highest 
court on earth said the verdict must 
stand. Surely, his own lawyer, Gov- 
ernor John M. Slaton, had no legal 
right to annul the solemn adjudica- 
tions of the supreme heads of our 
judicial system. Surely, the Law 
never meant that a defendant'' s own 
attorney should become his jury, his ' 
trial judge, and his reviewing court. 

When Slaton comnnited the sen- 
tence of his client, his act was null 
and void. Time could not validate it. 

Frank was legally under sentence 
of death when the Vigilance Commit- 
tee took him out, and hanged him by 
the neck until he was dead. 

All power is in the people. Courts, 
juries, sherili's, governors draw their 
authority from this original source: 
when the constituted authorities are 



unable, or unwilling to protect life, 
liberty, and property, the People 
must assert their inherent right to 
do so. 

Womanhood must not be left at the 
mercy of the libertine: the Rich must 
not trample upon the children of the 
Poor: the Jew must learn to distin- 
guish between the Midianite and the 

Prison Commissions and Governors 
must learn that it is dangerous to 
usurp power, and to undo the official 
work, done legally by the Judicial 

In Frank's case, all legal tribunals 
were appealed to, by the best of law- 
yers; and every decision was against 
him. They had to be: there was no 
escape from it. 

His own lawj'er then commuted his 
sentence, and fled the State. 

The Vigilance Committee took the 
condemned man out of the State 
Farm, carried him almost to the grav •, 
of his little victim, and hanged him, 
in accordance with the sentence which 
had three times been pronounced from 
the bench. 

It was a long, hard fight, and the 
Law won, over Big Money. 

There are some legal trials that are 
more than mere hiAV cases. 

There are some that involve a 
dynasty, test a system, and throw 
light upon national conditions. 

There are some that change the 
course of events, and leave their effect, 
for weal or woe, upon the era in 
which they are tried. 

A court-house case, in France, drag- 
ging into it a king's wife, a pope's 
cardinal, and a corrupt judicial sys- 
tem, led the way to the overthrow of 
an ancient monarchy. 

A court-house case, in Virginia, fol- 
lowed by another, in Massachusetts, 
set in motion the ball which never 
ceased to roll until Thirteen Colonies 
had become Thirteen Independent 

States — the eloquence of Patrick 
Henry, and of James Otis, rather 
than the musket in the Ohio wilder- 
ness, being the shot that was heard 
around the world. 

A law-case in England, rocked the 
throne, and tested, with a supreme 
severity, the strength of England's 
judicial fabric. 

The fabric stood the test: and the 
vindicated system, which would not 
bend, even though the king sought to 
hend it., filled Englishmen with honest 

It was the great case where George 
IV. brought to bear all the powers of 
a monarch and a bad mad, to crush 
one friendless woman — AND 

Not all the patronage of the crown, 
not all the money of the Secret Ser- 
vice, not all the clamor of place- 
holders, place-seekers, time-servers, 
court sycophants, and unscrupulous 
politicians, could hend the Law of 
Great Britain. 

Personally weak and without 
friends, the foreign princess who had 
married the king, saw a host of de- 
termined supporters come to her re- 
lief, when English ministers sought 
to use the LaAV, as the instrument of 
a had man. 

When the long legal combat drew 
toward its close, and Lord Brougham 
had brought to shame and defeat the 
crowned libertine, we are told that a 
scene of indescribable excitement took 
place in the House of Lords — the high 
court which had tried the case. 

The Prime Minister rose to "with- 
draw the bill," equivalent to quashing 
the indictment against the persecuted 

"Cheers loud and long rose from 
the opposiiton benches" — where sat 
the champions of the Law. 

"But the House hushed to silence, 
when the venerable Erskme arose, 
with eyes aflame" — Erskine. the in- 
domitable lawyer who had fought so 



hard, so long, and so triumphantly, 
to vindicate the jury system, 

"My lords," he said, and his voice 
rang out with the clear tone that had 
entranced the tribunals of thirty years 
before — • 

"My lords, I am an old man, and 
my life, for good or evil, has been 
passed under the sacred rule of the 

"In this moment, I feel my strength 
renovated and repaired by that rule 
being restored — the accursed change 
wherewithal we have been menaced, 
has passed over our heads — there is 
an end of that horrid and portentious 
excressence of a new law, retrosf-ec- 
tive, and iniquitous — a)id the consti- 
tution and scheme of our polity is 
once more safe. 

"My heart is too full of the escape 
we have just had, to let me do more 
than praise the blessings of the sys- 
tem we have regained," a system of 
which Hooker, in his great work on 
Ecclesiastical Polity, said — 

"Of Law there can be no less 
acknowledged than that her seat is 
the bosom of God: her voice is the 
harmony of the world; all things in 
heaven and on earth do her homage. 
the very least as feeling her care, 
and the greatest as not exempt from 
her power. 

"Both angels and men, and crea- 
tures of what condition soever . . . 
admiring her as the mother of their 
peace and joy.' " 

"There was silence as the silvery 
voice ceased. It was as if men wished 
to hear the last echo of those won- 
drous accents. Then broke out a cheer, 
•such as was never before heard in 
that august assembly." 

The Law had won! against the 
licentious king; against the truckling 
ministers; against the servile aristo- 
crats; against the detectives of the 
secret service, and the hirelings of the 
reptile press: 

Yea, by the living God! the Law 

had won ! and all men in England, 
all women in England, all children in 
THAT HOUR, when the grand old 
lawyer rose, with full heart and 
flashing eyes, to quote the words of 
the grand old preacher, whose tribute 
to Law, is a tribute to the God that 
inspired the Law. 

Have the children of Moses the 
right to break the Sinai tables? 

Do they deserve death when they 
slay Hebrews, only? 

Is there some unwritten law, which 
absolves them, when their victim is a 

They are taught in their Talmud 
that, "As man is superior to other 
animals, so are the Jews superior to 
all other men." 

Do the Hebrews of today hold to 
that, in their heart of hearts? 

They are taught by their great 
teacher, Rabbana Ashi, that "Those 
who are not Jews, are dogs and 

Are the Hebrews true to Talmud, 
and to their learned Rabbana? 

Was Mary Phagan — the Irish girl 
— legitimate spoil for the descendant 
of those who divided among them- 
selves the daughters of the Midian- 

Is there a secret tenet of tlieir re- 
ligion, which compels the entire race 
to combine to save the neck of sucli n 
loathsome degenerate as Leo Frank? 

They did not waste a dollar, nor a 
day, on the Jews who were electro- 
cuted for shooting Rosenthal: was it 
because Rosenthal was a Jew? 

If the victim in that case had been 
an Irishman, would there have been a 
Haas Finance Committee? a nation- 
wide distribution of lying circulars? 
a flying column of mendacious detec- 
tives? a constantly increasing supply 
of political lawyers? the muzzling of 
daily papers? an attempt to enlist the 
jSTorthern school-children. Peace So- 



cieties, and Anti -Capital-Punishment 

Money talks; and m this Frank- 
case, money talked as loudly, and as 
resourcefully, as though Baron 
Hirsch's $45,000,000 Hebrew Fund 
had been copiously poured into the 

Like Thomas Erskine, I am noth- 
ing but an old lawyer, no longer in- 
clined to the hot combat of the arena 
where I once loved to light; but I'm 
not too old to make a stand for the 
Law ; for the integi'it}^ of the system 
which our fathers handed down to 
us; and for the inflexible Justice, in 
whose scales the murder of one little 
factory girl weighs as heavily, as 
though she had been the daughter of 

Let the Jews of Georgia, and else- 
where, look to it. 

They are putting themselves on 
trial; and, if they continue the malig- 
nant crusade which they have been 
waging, by libels and cartoons, 
against a State which has never done 
injustice to a single Jew, they will 
reap the whirlwind. 

// Mary Phagan had heen a rich 
man'^s daughter, and Frank, a poor 
man's son, his neck would have 
cracked, a year ago! 

This case is more than a law case. 
This case involves the honor of a 
State! This case drags the judicial 
ermine into the ditch. This case is 
an indictment against jury trial. This 
case is an attack upon the fortress 
of the Law. This case pollutes the 
holy temple of Justice. 

There never were such foul meth- 
ods used to besmirch honest men, 
mock the truthful evidence, gull a 
generous public, and defeat the very 
purposes of the criminal code. 

There never were such prodigious 
energies put forth to conceal the 
Truth, and to put Falsehood in its 

In the whole scope of American 
history, no such campaign of abuse, 
of misrepresentation, of deliberate 
fabrications, and systematic elforts to 
humbug outsiders, to close the mouths 
of editors, to corrupt or intimidate 
officials; and to ^''get axoay with it,^'' 
in defiance of the record, the verdict, 
and the decisions of the courts. 

They have never darned TO PUB- 

It is a peculiar and portentious 
thing, that one race of men — and one, 
only — should be able to convulse the 
world, by a system of newspaper agi- 
tation and suppression, when a mem- 
ber of that race is convicted of a tap- 
ital crime against another race. 

Does anybody in this country know 
what was the truth about Dreyfus, 
the French officer who was convicted 
of treason, and, at first, sentenced to 
death ? 

Nobody does. All we know is, what 
the newspapers told us; and it leaked 
out, long afterwards, that the wife 
of Dreyfus abandoned him, as soon as 
he was turned loose. 

Presumably, she was a Jewess; but, 
like the other Hebrew champions of 
Dreyfus, she dropped him, as soon as 
she had accomplished her purpose. 

One of the Eothschild banking 
houses exerts a powerful influence 
over French finances; another in 
Frankfort, another in Vienna, and 
another in London, have often stood 
together to control the policies of 
European governments: if they in- 
sisted upon the liberation of Dreyfus, 
the French Republic — beset by royal- 
ists, socialists, and clericals — was in 
no condition to resist the demand. 

The peculiar thing, and the sinister 
thing, is, that some secret organiza- 
tion existed which could permeate the 
whole European world, and the 
United States, also, with the litera- 
ture which clamored for Dreyfus. 

The father of Dreyfus was an 



Alsatian banker — a Jew, of course — 
and a sijl)ject of the Kaiser. He was 
a cog in the wheel of the German spy- 
system; and he used his son, the 
French officer, to secure for the Ber- 
lin Government, the military secrets 
of the French War Office. 

France had not then formed her 
defensive alliance with Great Britain, 
and was not strong enough to fully 
expose Dreyfus, and the Kaiser — thus 
precipitating a war. The French 
officer, Ricard, who was the stanch 
champion of Dreyfus in every one of 
the investigations, turned against the 
Jew, after he himself was given a 
position in the War Office and learned 
the* truth, from indubitable docu- 
mentary evidence. 

The Beiliss case, in Russia, was 
equally remarkable, in its progress 
and its end. 

A Gentile boy was found dead, with 
more than forty small incisions in his 
veins and arteries, from which prac- 
tically every drop of his blood hnf^ 
been drawn — and the hlood had left 
no marks, any ic here. 

That much triclded through the 
newspapers to the American people, 
and they realized, of course, that here 
was a novelty in deliberate and atroci- 
ous crime. 

Beiliss, a Russian Jew, was accused 
of kidnapping the little boy, and 
emptying his blood-vessels of their 
contents, in order that it might be 
used in "a religious sacrifice." 

The Russian court found Beiliss 
guilty; but, apparently, the same 
mighty engine of agitation, and sup- 
pression, that had worked for Drey- 
fus, was put in motion for Beiliss. 

Mankind was told, that there was 
no such thing as "blood sacrifice'" 
among Russian Jews; and that Beiliss 
was the victim of jungle fury, race 
hatred, lynch law, &c., &c. 

In the meanwhile, the hysterical 
public lost sight of the pallid corpse 

of the Gentile boy, whose veins pre- 
sented the pale lips of forty- five cuts, 
made hy a sharp instrument. 

Somebody had killed the lad — most 
deliberately, most cruelly — and the 
Russian courts, in full possession of 
the facts, declared that Beiliss had 
done it. 

But the American people — not know- 
ing the facts, and totally in the dark 
as to who did get the blood out of the 
boy's veins — were excitedly certain 
that Beiliss didn't. 

Consequently, a pressure of the 
same peculiar and irresistible sort that 
had saved Dreyfus, caused Russia to 
stay her uplifted hand, and spare 

To this day, the Americans who 
blindly, hysterically helped to put thq 
pressure on the Czar's Government, 
have no idea who made the forty-five 
slits in the blood-vessels of the little 
boy; and, what's more, they don't 

They accomplished their emotional 
purpose, blew off their psychological 
steam, and then forgot all about 
Beiliss, and the boy. 

Is there such a thing as "blood sac- 
rifice" in Russia? We don't know. 
Nobody can dogmatize on such a sub- 

Even in our own country, there is a 
blood sacrifice, practised in the re- 
moter wilds of Arizona. The Indians 
who practised it, welded Christianity 
to some ancient tribal rite, and 
adopted the custom of crucifying an 
Indian, as Christ was crucified. 

When I see Abraham with his 
knife uplifted over the breast of his 
boy; and when I see Agamemnon 
covering his face to shut out the sight 
of the priest and his knife — about to 
slay the Greek king's daughter; and 
when I see the sacrifice of the idolized 
girl who ran out, radiant with joy, to 
greet Jeptha on his return from bat- 
tle — I feel myself lost in doubt as 
to ichat a Russian fanatic might do. 

Hidden Factors of Service 

Records kept like^ this are practically 
useless for the itianagement of a busi- 
ness. Efficiency is impossible and funds 
for improvement cannot be obtained. 

Records, statistics and accounts kept 
like this are available for a complete 
knowledge of the cost and efficiency of 
each department of the business. 

y^- J 

Such methods result in a telephone line 
which can give only poor service. 

The result of such records is a telephone 
'line like this, which gives good service. 

The subscriber knows the difference! He demands 
a well-informed, intelligent business management. 

^%, American Telephone and Telegraph Company 

And Associated Companies 

One Policy One System Universal Service 



Let all this be as it may, the other 
races of men must "sit up and take 
notice," if the repeated campaigns of 
this Invisible Power seem to mean, 
that Jews are to be exempt from pun- 
ishment for capital crimes, when the 
victim is a Gentile. 

If the work of this Invisible Power 
has been substantially the same in a 
third case, as in the other two; and 
this third case is that of Leo Frank, 
then the Frank case assumes a nev 
aspect, of new importance, and of 
formidable portent. 

America is big enough to be "the 
melting pot" of the Old World, pro- 
vided the metals melt — otherwise, it 

If the Jew is not to amalgamate 
and be assimilated; if all the very 
numerous foreign nationalities that 
are being moved over into this coun- 
try are to retain their several lan- 
guages, customs, flags, holidays, ideas 
of law, education, government, etc., 
then the melting pot will fail to fuse 
into ore another, these conflicting ele- 

In such a case, the melting pot be- 
comes a huge bomb, loaded witli 
deadly explosives. 

Has the menace of secret organiza- 
tion, of an Invisible Power, and of 
cynical defiance of law, revealed itself, 
in the Frank case? 

Reflect upon it! 

Reflect upon it, Avith especial refer- 
ence to recent announcements, in 
metropolitan dailies, that the Jews 
mean to use the Baron Hirsch 
Fund of $45,000,000 to carve out a 
new Zion in this country. From all 
over the world, the Children of Israel 
are flocking to this country, and plans 
are on foot to move them from Europe 
en masse. Poland, Hungary, Kussia. 
and Germany are to empty upon our 
shores the very scum and dregs of the 
Parasite Race. 

The papers state that the- heads of 
the vast Hebrew societies of this 

Union will soon "submit a proposition 
to the United States Government." 

AVhat? The subject treat with the 
Sovereign ? 

This is what comes of unrestricted 
Immigration, just as 90 per cent of 
our crimes come from it. 

What a fine illustration of Jewish 
arrogance it will be, if such Amer- 
ican citizens as Rabbi Wise, Nathan 
Straus, Adolph Ochs, Joseph Pulitzer, 
et al., make a proposition to our Gov- 
ernment, for an American Zion, the 
Jew millionaires negotiating with the 
Government as its equals ! 

In 1813, the rich Jews compelled 
Congress to abrogate the Russian 
treaty, as a rebuke to Russia, for her 
treatment of her own subjects. 

They naturalized a German Jew, 
Paul Warburg, and placed him at 
the head of our new Jew-made finan- 
cial system. 

Meditate upon these points: 

(1.) Never before was a Jewish 
or Gentile Finance Committee organ- 
ized, and funds raised, to fight a case 
which had already been thrice ad- 
judged by a State Supreme Court : 

(2.) Never before, was unlimited 
money spent in publishing lies about 
an official record which was accessible 
to everybody, and which itself could 
have been laid before the public for 
less money than the lies cost: 

(3.) Never before, did a murder 
case, tried in Georgia, secure an ap- 
peal to the Supreme Court of the 
United States: 

(4.) Never before, did any defen- 
dant employ so many lawyers, in so 
many different cities, as were em- 
ployed for this degenerate Jew: 

(5.) Never before, were the At- 
lanta papers, the Hearst papers, and 
the Jew papers so doggedly deter- 
mined that the public should not have 
a chance to learn what was the evi- 
dence, upon which the Jew had been 
legally convicted. 

(6.) Never before did a criminal's 


own liiwver, holding tlie office of Gov- Supreme Court of the Union said 

ernor, defy and reverse all the courts, must die, ana whom Superior Court 

and virtually pardon his own client. judges had, three times, sentenced to 

(7.) Never before did the Jew bo hanged, 

papers, and the Hearst papers, so When the Jews, and the Hearst 

provoke a State, as to insolently de- papers, are especially and peculiarly 

raand, from day to day, that the legal Avrought up over this land of a "lynch- 

sentence on Frank be annulled, and ing,' you may feel quite sure that 

that he he set at liberty. their unwritten law exempts a Jew, 

(8.) Never before did a Vigilance when his victim is a Gentile. 

Committee execute a criminal whom r:r:rrrrrr=:^^r=^^rr=rrrr=:=^ 

a iury had convicted, whom the Su- i--« ^i • ^ for the prospector. 

J 'I > %^ - :. .^-^m.^ -■^^m.-m -mj^ j^ v-^"' cholce of 4 locatinff 

Everything Ku 

preme Court of Georgia had declared J-/VCry llllll^ instrumentaj^frecK^ si^- 
was properly found guilty, whom the gj'g^lfo" ut c^t^^i^fm^^'^^ novelty co., Dept. e." 



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