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Thi> last reviiL™ is bi lif llie mMt compltle that the nork hai tier uudcirone during lie 
uxtv-two jtits thai it has Deeo befcTe the public, evciy page being treated ai if ine book «u dot 
publithed for the first lime. 

Sold by all BookMller*. 

a. & C. MERRIAM COMPANY, Publishers. 
Springfield, Mass., U.S. A. 

jy Send (or Ere. 
el Ok ItUtrnatitv^, i 

\i \ 


'lir ' . 
toll . 


■■ t 







MiioaN (QielMiter'd 9igQ ^cQool J^ctionar; 


j:i OF THE 









. '■''^'^^ ^^" DICTIONARY 

'^ ' THNlORUNlVElRSirY. 

^ V- ' 4 






Copyight, 1892, 

Entbbbd at Stationbbs* Hall. 
[All rights reserved.} 

WEB. H. 8. 0I& 



The High School Dictionary here presented is compiled from 
Webster's International Dictionary of the English Language. As that 
work replaced Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, so this is designed to 
take the place of the High School Dictionary originally prepared by Mr. 
William G. Webster, in 1848. In 1857, Mr. Webster published a re- 
vision of this work, containing a vocabulary of the more common words 
which constitute the body of our language, with many technical terms in 
the sciences and arts. That book was in turn revised and enlarged by 
Mr. William A. Wheeler, in 1868. The present volume is an entirely 
new work, and contains many words and definitions not to be found in 
its predecessors. Its purpdse is 4|o ^v^ the correct orthography, pronun- 
ciation, and definition of all words which pupils in High Schools are 
likely to meet with. 

The pronunciation of every word is clearly shown by respelUng with 
phonetic markings that are explained in the key lines below the pages. 
For the first time in a school dictionary, the pronunciation of unaccented 
syllables is thus accurately indicated. 

The addition of many new words, and the free use of illustrations to 
help in understandings the subject, have not excessively increased the bulk 
of the volume. Condensation has been accomplished by omitting defini- 
tions of derived words (mostly adverbs, adjectives, and abstract nouns) 
which are @elf -explaining as soon as the root word is understood ; and, 
further, such derivatives have usually been grouped in .the same para- 
graph with the root word, where this could be done'^without interrupting 
the alphabetical order. On the other hand, care has been taken to dis- 
criminate between words of the same spelling and pronunciation, but of 
different etymology and meaning. For instance, Sound is a form repre- 
senting ^bt^r words of the same pronunciation but of widely different ori- 
gin and sense. In older dictionaries such words appeared as one word 
with different meanings. This mode, tending to confuse or mislead the 
pupil, has been carefully avoided. 

There is a copious Appendix which contains a list of Biblical, Classi- 
cal, Mythological, Historical, and Geographical Proper Names, combined 
in a single vocabulary. 




PREFACE . iij 


Key to the' Symbols y 

The Vowels of the Alphabet in Detail vii 

DiAaBAM OF the Simple Vowel Sounds xiv 

The Consonants of the Alphabet (with the Consonant 

DiQRAPHs) IN Detail ziv 

Table of Consonant Elements 

Assimilation of Sounds 

Duplication of Consonants xxi 

Accent . . .- xxi 









In the RESTBLLING FOR PRONUNCIATION in the Dictionary, there is employed— M 
■hown in the Table — a cfymbol for every clear yowel or diphthongal sound in the language ; with, 
in four instances, a pair of equiyalents for the same sound as occurring in different situttions, viz. : 
^ = do ; ^ = db ; d = 9 ; and j^ (final) = I ; besides a and e, italicized, as these vowels are in cer- 
tun cases obscured and turned toward the neutral form ; also, apostrophe for the yoice-glide ; and 
N to indicate foreign nasalized vowels ; — some of the sounds Dccurring only in accented and others 
only in unaccented syllables, and^ some others, with but slight difference of quality, in both. The 
ft, 6, and 6 are used to represent the similar sounds in foreign words, but not limited as they are in 
English to unaccented syllables. The ^ is employed, as the nearest English yowel we have, inexact 
as it is, to replace u French and u German ; and in like manner the 8 for the eu French and ft 

The consonant letters b, d, f, li, j, Ic, 1, m, p, r, t, ▼, i^, and y, and the digraphs sbi and 
ng, are used with their ordinary normal value ; g, b, z, and cli are each limited to a single sound ; 
n and tb are marked for one sound of each and used unmarked for the other. No use is made of c 
q, X, or the digraphs pb, gb, ds, and ivb. The principal substitutions of the consonant qnnbda 
used in the respelling are noted in the Table. 

. ale, fate, laHbor, cba'os, cbam'beT, pa'tri-ar^cbal. 

. sen'ftte, pref'ftc^, del'l-cftte, ft-e'ri-al, cbft-ot'ic, sal'n-tft-ry. 

cftre, gb&re, pftr'ent, com-p&re', ploiv'sbftre', beftr, ftir. 
. ftm, &dd, f&t, r&n'doin, ftt-tftck', ftc-cept', re^&d-mlt'. 
, i&rm, fiir, f ft'tber, milr'tyr, ftb, films, ftrt, piUm. 
. ask, s^rass, dance, a-bate', A-mer'i-ea, so'fa, boi'ftriiy. 

fl'nal, In'fant, guld'ance, val'iant, bnsHband, mad'am. 

^11, ^'vre, s-vr^rm, t^lb, dr^i^. 

eve, mete, se-rene', bS^li-om'e-ter. 

d-Tent', depend', cr^-ate', so-cl'd-ty, d^-lin'^-ate, sd-reni/. 

£nd, met, Sx-cuse', £f-face^ car'p^t, con'dSm-na'tion. 

fSrii, bSr, Sr'mine, pSr-vSrt', ev'Sr, in'fSr-ence. 

re'cent, de'cen-cy, pru-dence, pen'i-tent, novVl. 

Ice, time, slgbt, bind, in-spire', jus'ti-fi'arble. 

i-de'a, trt-bu'nal, dt-ani'e-ter, bi-oFo-sy. 

ni, pin, pit'y, ad'mlt', babit, dl-vlde', In-flnl-tlve. 

51d, note, rSiv, b5ld, 5'Ter, pro-p5se^ lo'co-mo^tive. 

6-bey', t6-bac'c6, sor'rftiir, a-nat'6-my, pr6-pose'. 

drb, Idrd, dr'der, landadrd', ab-bdi/, ab-bdr'ring. 

ttdd, n5t, tSr'rld, fSr'est, ttc-cui/, in^c5r-rect'. 

Use, pflre, mate, tflne, dfi'ty, bfl'man, as-sGme'. 

tl-nite', ac'ttl-ate, ed-ti-ca'tion, btl-mane'. 

ir\|de, rn'mor, in-tr^de'. 

fyll, p^t, pysb, f ^I•flll^ joy'fyl, in'str^-ment. 

tip, ttib, sttid'y, iln'der, sab-mlt', in'dfiA-try. 


as m . 


»» »» • 


»» »» • 


»♦ »» • 


»» »» • 


»» »» • 


»» »» • 


„ „ • 


„ 1, • 


»» »» • 


»» »» • 


», »» • 


„ ,» • 


„ „ • 


», „ • 


,» »» • 


i» »» • 


»» ,» • 


»f »» • 


,» »♦ • 


»♦ ♦» • 


„ »» • 


»» »» • 


»» »» • 


» » • 



fkt tf It • • • Ibm, ittrlf eon-dkr', bftrn. 

% M » • • . Pit'y, iii'Ju-rt, di-vin'i-tt. 

do, „ „ . . . food, mdbn, fdbl, ndbn, vroa^ing. 

ffOf „ „ . . . fo^t, ivo^l, bdblc, gShdj ortfbk'ed. 

ou, ),«*••• out, tlioa, de-voiir'. 

oi, M „ . . . oil, notary, a-Told', re-jolce', em-broid'er-y, gol'ter. 

N, representing simply the nasal tone (as in French or Portuguese) of the preceding vowel } as 

in ensemble (aN's&i'bl), intrigante (SH'trft'gaNtO. 
' (for Yoice-glide), as in pardon (piu/d'n), eaten (ef'n), evil (e'vl). 

i> (hard) : as in go, begin, great, anger ; for gn, as in guard ; for gue, as in plague ; for 

gb, as in gbost. 
s (surd, or sharp) : as in so, tbis, baste ; for c, as in cell, Tioe ; for sc, as in scene, science : 

for SB, as in blss. 
B (like s sonant) : as in zone, base ; f or s, as in is, IItcs, 'wiee, music, ears, figs ; for x, as 

in Xenopbon, xylograpby. 
cb (= tsb) : as in cbair, mucb ; for tcb, as in matcb, etcbing. 
sb : for cb, as in niacbine, cbaise, cbandelier ; for ce, as in ocean ; for ci, as in social ; 

for sci, as in conscious ; for s, as in sure ; for se, as in nauseous ; for si, as in pension ; 

for ss, as in issue ; for ssi, as in passion ; for ti, as in nation, 
zb (= sb made sonant) : for z, as in azure ; for zi, as in glazier, brazier ; for s, as in pleas- 
ure, usual ; for si, as in vision ; for ssi, as in abscission ; for g, as in rouge, cortege. 
J (= dzb) : for g, as in gem, giant, engine ; for gi and ge, as in religion, pigeon ; for di, 

as in soldier ; for dg, as in edge, knoivledge. 
k : for cb, as in cborus, epocb, anarcby ; for c, as in cat, cube ; for ck, as in pack, duck; 

for qu, as in conquer, coquette ; for que, as in pique, oblique. 
kiv : for qu, as in queen, quit, quality, 
ks (surd) : for x, as in vex, exit, perplex, dextrous, 
gz (sonant) : for x, as in exist, exact, example. 
i : for pb, as in pbilosopby, triumpb ; for gb, as in lau^, rougb. 
bifv : for ivb, as in ivbat, VFby, ivbere. 

t : for ed, as in baked, crossed, capped ; for tb, as in tbyme, Tbomas. 
n (the ordinary sound) : as in no, none, man, many, 
ng : as in long, singer ; for ngue, as in tongue. 

B (like ng) : for n before the sound of k or hard g, as in bank, junction, linger, single. 
tb (surd) : as in tbin, tbrougb, ivealtb, ivortb, breatb, ivldtb. 
tb (sonant) : for tb, as in tben, tbougb, tbis, smootb, breatbe. 

IfOTS. Foreign consonant sounds are represented by the nearest English equivalents. 

AocBSTB AND Htphbns. The principal accent is indicated by a heavy mark (0, and the second- 
ary accent by a lighter mark (0, at the end of the syUable. Syllabic division is otherwise indicated 
by a light hyjdien ; a lieavier hyphen Joins the members of compound words. 

The Table here appended, together with the precedhig Table, furnishes a method of INDICA- 
TING PRONUNCIATION WITHOUT RESPELUNG. It is, in its main features, the same as that 
employed in previous editions of the Dictionary, and will serve except in the case of a comparatively 
few words, which must be respeUed. Use is made of it in this Gums to Pbonuitciation. 

To each of the symbols here given, the equivalent is added that takes its place in the respelling 
(thus : a = », etc. ; wbat = wb6t, etc. ; « = k, etc.). The unmarked letter in a digraph is to 
be taken as if silent ; as in break, brdad, bail, yield, veil, etc. Silent e at the end of sylla- 



bles, as in fate, etc., or in the -ed of preterits and participles, as in baked, burned, etc., need 
not be marked. 

The method has diacritical marks applied to such consonant letters and digraphs as offer espe- 
cial and frequent occasion for their use. Certain syllables, as tion, gion, tial, cial, etc., which 
would naturally be correctly pronoimced, need not be marked or respelled. The sounds, as de- 
scribed, of X, ph, qu, and vfIi, unmarked, are what these characters will usually, but not invaria- 
bly, represent. 

a (= »), . . 
E, e (= a), . . . . 
£, 6 (=&),... . 
Eiir, ew (= 1i), . 
Ee, ee (= e), . . . 



Q, « (= Ob), . . . 

9 (r= dt> or u), 

6, 6 (= ii), . . . . 

Oiv, ow (= ou), . 
Oy, oy (= ol), . . 




as in What, Was, Qa^ity, In'Rtal-la'tion. 

>» >> 

u »> 

»> »> 

»> >» 

11 »» 

»» »» 

>» »» 

>» 11 

11 11 

11 11 

»» 11 

11 11 

11 11 

11 11 

£iglit, Prey, V§in, O-bey', Un-f eign'ed-ly. 

Tbdre, Whdre, H6ir, Whdre-in'. 

Ewe, Deiv, Heivn, etc. ; or (= ^), as in Brei^. 

Eel, Feet, Fee'ble, Un-geen', See'ing:. 

F¥que, Marcll¥ne^ Po-lice'. 

Irk'gome, Fir, Bird, Vlr'tue, VIr-gln'i-ty, E-Uxir. 

Qoze, D<j, WhQ, TQinb, Re-m^v'al. 

W9lf, W9m'an, W9Fver-lne', B9s'om. 

6tb'er, S6n, Wel'cdme, Wig'ddm, Can'n6ii. 

Owl, Cowa'rd, Voiv'el, Al-loiv', 'Bow'-wo-w', 

Oys'ter, Boy, Roy'al, En-joy', An-noy'ance. 

Fly, Sky, Style, De-^', Dy'lng. 

1^t'tri-a, njrmn, I^^h-'lc, M^-fbol'o-gy. 

Myrrb, Mj^tle, Sa'tyr, Mar't^-dom. 

•€, € (= k), .... 

9' 9 (= »)' • • • • 
€h, ell (= k), . . 

^b, ^b (= 8li), . 

G, t (= g), . . . . 
6, g (= j), . . . . 

as in Cat, Concur. 

„ „ ^ell, Vi^e. 

„ „ Cborus, Epoeb. 

„ „ ^baise, Ma^bine. 

„ „ Get, Begin, Anger. 

„ „ Gem, Engine. 

Ak (= j), 

? (= K^)i 
(= ks), 

. . as in Ed^e, Badgrer. 

. . „ „ Ig, Hag, Wigdnni. 

. . „ ,, E^igt, Example. 

..,,,, Vex. £iXit. 
Pb, pb (= f ), ...,,„ Fbantom, Sylpb. 
Qu, qu (= kiv), . „ „ Queen, Conquest. 
Wb, wh (= hw), „ „ Wben, Wbat. 



§ 1. A, a : as in ale, fate, mak'er, pro-fane'. The sound is otherwise represented, as in 
pain, day, gaol, gauge, break, veil, whey, also aye (ever) ; and is the name sound of the letter. 
The vowel is called *' long a." 

A is diphthongal, its initial element being nearly Q in Snd, and its vanish I in HI or e in eve. 

The vanish is heard most distinctly when the soimd ends a word or an accented syllable, and it 
varies according to the nature of the consonant by which it is stopped. 

The radical or initial element, somewhat widened, is the exceptional soimd of a in many, any, 
Tbames; and of at in said, again, against. See § 13. 

§ 2. A, ft : a modification of the preceding vowel in syllables without accent ; ranging between a 
(ale) and £ (Snd) ; and never taking the vanish. It occurs in the endings -ace, -age ; as, pref- 
ace, sol'ftce, rav'ftge, ad'ftge, etc. The ending -ate, in the case of verbs, takes a (ale), with 
accent, primary or secondary (though with the secondary accent not marked in the Dictionary) ; as, 
re-late', ad'vo-cate (t'.), em'u-late, con'ju-gate (v.)» ag'gre-gate (v.)» etc. ; while, in the 
case of nouns and adjectives, & without the accent is commonly used ; as, sen'ftte, prel'&te, ad'- 
TO-cftte (n.), ag'gre-gftte (n.), con'ju-gftte (a.). Also, & often occurs as preceding another 
vowel — usually accented — in the following syllable; as, A-e'ri-al, cbft-ot'lc, Ju'dft-ism. In 
wo^s like nii8'cel-lft-ny, sal'u-tft-ry, sump'tu-ft-ry, the a, before ny or ry final, and with 
the preceding syllable unaccented, has properly this sound ; but if the preceding syllable be accented, 
as in bot'a-ny, di'a-ry, sal'a-ry, pri'ma-ry, boun'da-ry, the a sound (so'fa), is usually 
preferred ; yet in con'tra-ry and li'bra-ry the ft is the easier to give, and in these and some 
others of the class is common and allowable. In final syllables, the tendency of the sound is to pass 



through fi to I, as ia TUIftge, sui/f ftce, etc., in which the ft is foUowed by a J or aa s sound. The 
ai in moon' tain, cap'taiu, etc., in the same way becomes I (111). 

§ 3. A, ft : only in syllables closed by the sound of r and more or less strongly accented ; as in 
cftre, sliftre, com-pftre', pftr'ent, ploiv'aliftre'. The sound is also represented by 6 (tlidre) ; 
and otherwise as in air, bear, heir, prayer. 

The a before r does not ordim^y take this sound when the r precedes a vowel or another r in the 
following syllable of the word ; as in pfti/i-ty, p&r'ry, oom-p&i/l-goii, diftr'i-ty, etc. But 
the sound remains without change by an added verb inflection or the sulflz -er ; as in com-pftr'- 
ins, shfti/er ; and appears exceptionally in pftr'ent, pftr'ent-age, sftr'isli. 

The sound is the narrow correlate of the wide ft (ftm). It is not simply a prolongation of that 
sound ; though, if we attempt such prolongation, the orguis naturally slide into a positi<m which 
gives the sound in question. 

The difference between this sound and that of & may be readily distinguished by soundii^ the 
first syllable of cli&rity and the word cliair. 

Some orthoepists, as Walker, Smart, Stormonth, Ellis, identify this sound with a, or with S pro* 
longed, but this sound is not now commonly g^ven in the United States. 

§ 4. A, ft : as in ftm, ftdd, f ftt, rftn'dom, b&ve, pftr'l-ty ; also in plaid, gnar'an-ty, etc. ; 
the regular *' short a." It is usually followed by a closing consonant sound, whether accented or 

As VNACCKNTED, it is more commonly found in initial closed syllables : as in ftl-lude', ftt-tack% 

§ 5. A, ft : as in ftrm, f ftr, fattier, ftb, ftlmg, pftlm, etc. ; having equivalents as in hearth, 
aunt, guard, etc. ; called the " Italian a.** 

This is the most open of all the vowel sounds. In its formation the mouth and throat are 
opened widely, and the tongue is left in its natural position of rest. 

§ 6. A, a. This is the sound to be preferred in certain words or syllables ending in gk, IT, ft, 
th, 8S, sp, at, nee, nt, nd ; as, ask, staff, graft, path, pftss, srasp, last, dance, 
cliant, com-mand' ; and in some other cases ; besides its frequent use in unaccented syllables, 
— for one class of which it will in this Dictionary be indicated by a, the Italic form of the letter. 
See §7. 

In organic position, a lies between ft in ftni, and ft in ftrm. The main part of the tongue ia 
raised higher than in ftrm, and the mouth is not so widely opened. 

In UNACCENTBD SYLLABLES thls sound (ft) is of frequout occurrence, though in rapid speech more 
or less obscured and often falling into the neutral form. 

In open syllables unaccented, as in a-rise^ di'a-dem, ca-lor'ic, mu'ta-ble, bof^a-ny, 
sal'a-ry, villa, so'fa, etc., the sound may be regarded as a brief and obscure form of ft. 

§7. In final or medial syllables, unaccented, and closed by n, 1, nt, nee, nd, s, ss, at, p or pli 
or ff, m, or d, as in syl'van, va'can-ey, mor'tal, loy'al, va'eant, val'iant, guid'anee, 
liusHband, bi'as, eom'pass, bal'last, break'f ast, jal'ap, ser'apb, mad'am, myr'i-ad, 

etc, the Italic a is used in the spelling for pronunciation. See § 6. 

§ 8. 4^,%: as in ^11, t^lk, sw^rm, iv^'ter, ap-p^U' ; otherwise represented in haul, dravr, 
awe ; also in drb, bdm, bought, etc. 

This is called the "broad sound " of a, and is formed by a depression of the larynx and a con- 
sequent retraction of the tongue which enlarges the cavity of the mouth posteriorly. 

In the words salt, malt, quarrel, etc., as commonly heard, the soimd of a falls between 5 in 
not and ^ in all (or is ^ somewhat shortened). 

§ 9. A, 9 : as in wfs, wb^t, i^^'der, i^^loi^, qu^'i-ty, etc. The sound is identical 


with th&t of 5 (Sdd, n5t), and ow in knowFedge, etc. In the reepaUing for pro nnnd ati o n, it 
will be represented by ft. 


§ 10. JB, e : as in eve, mete, con'crete', etc. ; the name sound, having eqtdvalents as in feet, 
beam, de-ceive', poc/ple, key, Cae'sar, marchlne', field, quay, Phoe'bus, Por'ta-gueae', etc. 
The vowel iA called " long e." In the formation of this element, the tongue is nused convexly 
within the dome of the palate, pressing against its sides, and leaving the smallest possible passage 
through which a vowel sound is uttered. 

§ 11. £, ^ : in unaccented syllables, as ^-vent', d-pit'o-m^, cr^-ate', d^-lin'^-ate', so-oi'- 

&ty ; shorter than accented e (eve), verging towards, or sometimes even reaching, i (111). 

§ 12. E, e. Tliis, in genuine English words, occurs only with i or y added, so as to make a 
digraph ; as in eiglit, prey, vein, etc. The soimd is identical with a in ale, and will be indi- 
cated by a in the respeUiug. 

In naturalized and half-naturalized foreign words, as forte, finale, abb^, ballet, eon- 
Bomme, Mobe, auto-da-f 6, Jos^, and in the interjection eli and in a few other instances, we 
have this sound of e without the vanish. In such cases, m the respelling, it is indicated by the 

§ 13. £, £ : as in £nd, pfit, t£n, Sr'ror, etc. ; otherwise as in feath'er, heif'er, leop'ard, 
friend, di-ser'e-sis, as^a-focfi-da, bur'y, guess, a'ny, said, etc. ; called "short e." The syllable 
is usually closed by a consonant sound. 

This is not the short sound of e in eve, but the initiiJ or radical soimd, somewhat widened, of the 
diphthongal a. It is made by arching up the tongue under the hard palate, as in S, but its place of 
formation is farther back. 

Unaccbhtbo it occurs, as in £x-cnse', Sn-large', £f-f ace', £g-tate', £r-ro'ne-ou8, lev'Sl, 
In'tdl-lect', car'pSt ; and sometimes it verges to or towards 1, as in ro'sds, hors'ds, f air'^st, 
wis'Sst, riv'St, end'Sd, wick'Sd, wool'Sn, kitcb'Sn. 

§ 14. ll!, 6 : as in tlidre, wbdre ; also in heir, etc. ; only before r ; -^ identical in sound with 
A (cftre). 

§ 15. £, S : as in fSm, Srr, bSr, Si/mine, vSrge, in-f 8^^ per-vSrt' ; otherwise as in sir, 
bird, earn, mirth, m5^tle, guer'don, etc. It occurs when immediately followed by r in a mono- 
syllable or in the same accented syllable ; but not when the r precedes a vowel or another r in the 
following syllable, as in vfir'y, pSr'il, mfir'ry, fir'ror, he'ro, pe'ri-od, etc., except that verbs 
having this sound of the letter almost iJways retain it when inflected or suffixed ; as in con-f Sr'- 
ring, de-tSr'ring, con-fSr'rer, re-fSr'ri~ble. 

This sound is formed by placing the organs in a position intermediate between that requisite for 
sounding ti (A^rn), and that for sounding 6, thus making (as Smart observes) a compromise between 
the two. A majority of English-speaking people, however, make no distinction between 8 in tier, 
and tL in urn ; but as many orthoepists do make a slight difference, the two markings have been 
retained in this Dictionary. 

§ 16. Unaccbnted S (before r), — asin ev'Sr, read'Sr, lov'Sr, sev'Sr, sev'Sr-al, pSr-form', 
rev'Sr-ent, in'fSr-ence, cav'Srn, etc., with equivalents in e-iixir, zeph'yr, ac't6r, li'ar, etc., 
— is nearly identical with the accented S (f grn). 

§ 17. The e before n in unaccented syllables, — as in pru'dent, rai'ment, con-ven'ient, 
creMence, de'cen-cy, etc., — takes a sound of obscure quality in ordinary speech. The e before 
n in ivooFen, kitch'en, etc., takes properly the 6 (Snd) sound, which in rapid speech tends 
toward I (HI). In words like com'ment, con' vent, — correct with 6 (dnd), — we have the final 


syllable aetoAUy under a aeoondary accent. Before 1, the unaccented e ia, in some caaee, like that 
above before n ; as in nov'el, in'fl-del ; while in shriv'el and some others it takes the form ex- 
plained below (see § 18) ; — but, iu many cases, it is commonly and properly given as d (dud) ; thus 
in je^dl, cru'Sl, cam'Sl, goa'pdl, fun'nSl, an's^l, dian'iiSl. In some of these, and in 
other words of the kind, there is consi4erable diversity of usage as between these sounds. 

In the case of words like pru'dent, nov'el (see above in this paragraph), the vowel will be in« 
dicated by a bare Italic e iu the spelling for pronunciation. 

§ 18. The unaccented vowel of obscure quality before n or 1, is sometimes reduced to the attenu- 
ated form called the voice-glide, — as in eat'en, heav'en, o'pen, sJbriT'el, a'ble, gen'tle, 
pai/tl-ole, ba'sln, coua'ln, par'don, sea'son, etc. 

Syllables are also made by m with the voice-glide ; as in scliisiii (stz'm), cliagm (kXz*m), mi'- 
cro-cosm (-k52*m), etc. Substituting the vowel ii for the voice-glide is not sanctioned. 

Iu this Dictionary, an afostbophb (') is used in the respelling for pronunciation to indicate the 
vowel elision or the voice-glide ; as, par'd'n, a'b'l, etc 

§ 19. The letter e sUent. As annexed to a consonant at the end of a syllable, this letter has no 
sound ; but serves commonly, in accented syllables, to indicate the preceding vowel as long ; as in 
came, tone. It also nuurks the preceding consonant c or g as soft ; as in ser'vice, rav'aKOi 
vice, o-blige'. 

§ 20. The letter e, loUh consonant value. X4ke the short I, when e unaccented is closely followed 
by another vowel, it naturally falls into more or less of a consonant y soimd, and the e thus makes 
with the following vowel an imperfect, or consonantal, diphthong. After t, or d, or ^ , or g, this 
•y sound often coalesces with the consonant and changes its soimd ; as in riglit'eoag (ri'chfis) ; 
S^ran'deur (grSn'dtir or gran'jur), ml-ca'ceoug (-shfis), o'cean (o'shan), and naa'geous (n^'- 
shfis). Even after the sound of the e has changed the preceding consonant, it may still appear, espe- 
cially when the accent falls upon the following vowel ; as in o'ce-an'ic (o'shft-Sntk), iiau'ge-ate 

§ 21. f , i : as in ice, time, gii^lit, cblld, bind, gi'ant : the name sound of the letter. It 
is called **long i." Equivalents are vie, guile, height, aisle, thy, buy, choir, rye, eye, ay or 
aye (yes) as sometimes heard. 

The sound is diphthongal. The main part is the glide between its initiiU (ft in ftrm) and its ter- 
minal (I in HI). 

§ 22. t, i : unaccented : as in t-de'a, bi-ol'o-sy, trt-ba'nal, bt-cai/bo-nate, dt-am'e-ter. 

The quality of the sound is subject to variation ; the diphthong (I in Ice) being more curtailed as 
the syllable takes less stress and shorter quantity. 

§ 23. Ji, *i : as in pi'que, ma-cliine', in-trigue', etc. The sound is the same as that of e 
(eve), by which it is represented in the respelling for pronunciation. 

§ 24. I, I : as in HI, pit, pit'y, Ig'sue, ad-mlt', un-tll', etc. Equivalents are hymn, guin'ea, 
sieve, breech'es, been, English, bus'y, wom'en. This is not the short sound of i in Ice, but the 
short correlative of e in eve. It is called " short i." 

Unaccented stllabiiEs with this vowel are, in the greater number of cases, closed by a conso- 
nant, as in cabin, O-lume', in-bab'it. But there are many words in which I ends an unac- 
cented syllable or forms a syllable by itself, as di-vide', vis^-ble, vig^i-bifi-ty. 

§ 25. I, I, before r: as in fir, bird, vir'tue, vlr'sln, Irk'gome, etc. : the precise equiva- 
lent of S (f Srn). In some words the sound, before 1 or n, is reduced to the voice-glide ; as in 
e^rll (e'v'l), ba'gin (ba^s*n), etc See § 18. 


§ 26, The letter I, ieUh consonant value. A short i, doaely foUowed by another vowel, often 
falls into a y sound, and thus produces an impure diphthong, and makes one syllable out of two ; as 
In f U'ial, min'ioii, gen'tus, etc. A preceding s surd, o soft, or sc, by fusion with the y, takes 
an 8h sound ; as in man'sion, con'scious, vi'cioua ; and an a sonant or a sb takes a zli sound ; 
aa in vi'sion, gla'zier, — the i sound being wholly lost. A preceding t does the same, as in 
na'don, palatial, etc. ; with the exception that when preceded by a syllable ending in g or x, the 
tl takes a cli (tgli) sound ; as in qaes'Uon, mix'Uon, Cliris'tiaii, etc. After g, the i falls 
out, leaving the g soft ; as in re'sion. When d precedes the i, the di in some words becomes, 
or tends to become, a J (dzh) ; as cor'dlal, lu'dian, etc., are sometimes, and sordier isalways, 


§ 27. 5, o : as in old, nSto, bone, 5'ver, pro-poB©', lo'co-mo'tive, etc. ; with eqniva- 
lents as in roam, foe, shoul'der, grow, owe, sew, yeo'man, beau, haut'boy, door. It is the 
" regular long *' sound, and the name sound of the letter. 

This vowel takes a distinctly perceptible vanish in di> (f dbt), or sometimes m do (food), and is 
thus diphthongal. In the formation of the radical part, the lips are contracted to a circular open- 
ing ; and the jaw is less depressed than for 9, and more than for do (food). As in the similar 
case of a (ale) the vanish is not universal, yielding more or less to counteracting influences. 

Before r in accented syUables, the long o naturaUy and more properly takes a vanish in ft (lim) 
instead of db ; as in glo'ry, ore, door, four. 

§ 28. 6, t. In unaccented and usually open syllables, fai English ; as ha ft-bejr', t6-bac'c6, 
bUaftw.biltftws, S6-crat'ic, p6-et'ic, euaft-gy, a-nat'6-my, trans'l-tft-ry. This sound 
differs from the o (old), not only by absence of the vanish, but by taking a somewhat wider form. 

§ 29. 6, 6 : only before r ; as fai drb, Idrd, dr'der, ab-bdr', ex-lidrt', etc. ; with equiva- 
lents, as in extraordinary, georgic, etc. 
The most generally approved pronunciation here represented by this symbol is identical with that 

of « (all). 

The 6 IS limited to accented syllables with the r not followed by a vowel or another r in the fol- 
lowing syllable of the same word (the case of inflected verbs, as ab-bdr'rlng, and the cognate 
nouns in -er, as ab-bdr'rer, excepted) ; while otherwise the vowel is 5, as in f Sr'eisn, tSr'rld, 
or 9, as in more, o'ral. 

There are some words in which o before consonants Other than r takes usually and properly a 
medial sound between 9 (9II) and ft ; as sons, long, soft, cross, gone, off, trousli, oft, 
often, cost, brotb, dotb, etc. In the respelling for pronunciation in the Dictionary, this 
medial sound is indicated by tt (5dd). 

In uNAOCKiiTBO 8TLLABLES, we sometimes have the d (drb) ; as in mdr-tal'i-ty, f dr-get', dr- 
dain', etc., and in f dr, ndr, dr, unaccented as well as accented. 

§ 30. O, ft : as in n5t, 5dd, etc. ; called " short o ; " having 9 (in iv^s, etc.) as an equivalent, 
and also our in knoivl'edge and ou in bough, lough. It is the short correlate of 9 (%11)> 

Unaooentbd syllabubs with 5 are naturally closed by a consonant ; as in c5n-clude', Sc-cur', 
ftp-press', dis^cttn-tent', rec^ftl-lect', re'cttm-mit' ; falling into the neutral sound in very 
rapid speech. They are rarely flnal syllables, the 6 (s6n) sound being commonly given in final 

§ 31. O, Q : as in dQ, pr^ve, t^mb, etc. ; the same as <>b, and represented by do in the 
respelling for pronunciation. 

§ 32. Q, 9 : as in ^r9lf , 'W9'nian, b9'som, etc. ; with sound of dbt and represented by db 
In the respelling for pronunoiaticm. 

• • 


§ 33. 6, 6 : as in gAn, d6ne, 6th'er, etc. ; doubled in flood, blood, etc ; ~the same m ft 
(tip), or before r as A (lirii), and in the respelling for pronunciation represented by these sym^ 
bols in accented syllables. 

In uvAOCKNTBD BTLLABLBS the 6 occurs frequently ; as in ac^tftr, at'6in, ivel'c6ine, f el'6ii, 
bl8li'6p, bis'At, etc., with sound either as H (ilp) or as 8 (ev'Sr). In the respelling for pronun- 
ciation, it will appear before r as S, and in most other cases as ti ; but sometimes before n it repre* 
aents merely a voice-glide ; as beck'on (bSk''n), rea'son (re'z'n). 


§ 34. The doable letter oo has two sounds, marked do and dh ; besides the oo in door, and in 
flood, etc. In uttering these sounds the labial opening is still more contracted than for o. 

§ 36. (5b<, ob : as in moon, food, f dbl, boot, etc. ; with equiralents in dQ, canoe, groupt 
rude, rue, recruit, rheum, dre^v, manoeuvre. 

§ 36. <)o, cR) : as in f dbt, ivcjbl, gdbd, crdbk'ed, etc. Equivalents are 9 (117911) and ^ 
(f ^^). It is the wide or short correspondent of the long do. 

Oi and Oy. 

§ 37. The diphthong oi and 07 is made by the rapid change or glide of the organs in passing from 
9 to I, as in oU, boy, etc. 

Ou and Ovir. 

§ 38. The dipthong ou and aw is formed by a rapid passage of the organs from U. to db, as in 
outrun, ofvl, outlive, etc. Making the first element ft is a local peculiarity, and is very ob- 

As digraphs, these combinations of letters take several other sounds ; as in soup, rente, 
Zouave (zw&v or zoo-Sv'), soul, cou'ple, grleVous, knoiv, bllloi^, IcnovFl'edge, 
duun'ois, av'oir-da-poiB', choir, tor'toise, etc. 

§39. fT, 11 : as in tise, a-bUse', fH'sion, pSre, mflte, cflbe, tflne, dtl'ty, lute, JU'ry, 

etc. ; called " long u ; " having equivalents as in beauty, feodal, feud, peiv, eive, lieu, vieifr, 
cue, suit, yule, yenr, you. 

The general type of the sound is that of a diphthong, which has do (f dbd) for the terminal and 
main part, and for the initial a very brief and evanescent element, nearly related to I (ill) or to e 
(eve) ; but in the greater number of cases there comes in, as a glide, a more or less full sound of 
consonant y, which displaces the initial vowel element. When preceded by certain consonants, the 
y glide has a tendency to be fused with the consonant, thus taking the shape of a sibilant, sb or zb, 
glide (see below). This tendency, in accented syllables, — to which the fl is limited, — should be 
severely restricted. Also, in no case whatever should the y sound be forced in when it will not come 
in smoothly as a glide. 

At the beginning of a syllable, as in Qse, fl'nit, etc., the initial vowel element becomes y, — the 
ft here sounding the same as you in the words you, youtb, etc. Next to this, the y sound comes 
in the most clearly after p, b, m, v, f , c, and s hard ; as in pfire, bU'rean, beau'ty, mUte, 
▼levir, ffi'tile, cflbe, gfile. After n, it is less prominent ; as in neiv. After s, tb, 1, and J, 
the y sound comes in with difficulty, and need not be attempted ; as in sfilit, as-siime', theiv, 
en-thii'si-asni, lUte, ju'ry. After t or d, the H may better be given without the y ; as in 
tune, tfi'tor, due, diike, dfl'ty. In all these cases of y omitted, the initial vowel element (a 
brief form of i) is retained : it would be quite wrong to give an ordinary do for the entire sound 
in such words. The y, if attempted after t or d* is apt to degenerate into a sibilant, and pro> 
duce, with the consonant, a decided tab or dzb sound, thus making tune, cboon, and due the 
•ame as Je^r. The j sound after d or n is oommon in England, as in due* ne^r, etc, bat not in 


America. As exceptional, the g in sure, sug'ar, and their derivatiTes, ia entirely displaced by the 
sli developed from the y somid, and the vowel is reduced to a simple ob (f <>bd) or db (f dbt) sound. 

§ 40. U, fl : representing a modification of the sound of u (use), in unaccented syllables ; as in 
di-nlte', grad'ti-ate, ac'ttl-ate, em'ti-late, ttl-uiul'ttl-ous, jtl-di'cial, ad'jtl-tanti 
con'jti-sate, gtl-preme', in'stl-lar, Kl-cid'i-ty, in-dig'sol-ti-ble, Tal'ti-a-ble, vir'ttlei 
na'ttlre, irer'dtire, cen'stlre, sen'stl-al, ig'stl-ing, meas'tlre, etc. The sound dijffersfrom 
that of u by taking for the final element the wide c^ (f c»bt) ; and, after t, by a partiiU or entire 
change of the j into a more or less clear gb, and usually after d into a zb glide ; as in na'ttlre, 
Ter'dtlre, etc. A preceding s, in a syllable not initial (as in cen'stlre, geii'gfl-al, etc.), takes 
more commonly an sb sound, and a z or an s sonant (as in az'flre, &ei'zt!lre, lei'stlre, cas'tl-al, 
etc.) takes a zb sound, and the vowel becomes nearly, if not quite, the same in sound as i^ (Joy'- 
f 1^1). But the preceding g remains unchanged in initial, and sometimes also in medial syllables ; as 
in gti-preme', con'sfl-lar, in'gti-lar, etc. After j or 1 in the same syllable, the vowel has 
nearly or exactly the sound of if. (joy'f ^1) ; as in jti-di'cial, ad'jtl-tant, Itl-cid'i-ty, Indis'- 
go-ltl-ble. Before r, the sound often inclines towards 8 (ev'Sr) ; as in na'tflre, cen'gtlre, 
meag'tire, etc. 

§ 41. U, ^ : only after r ; as in rude, ru'mor, rn'ral. The sound does not differ essen- 
tially from that of do (food). The sound occurs after s, as exceptional, in sure and its deriva- 
tives, the g being heard as gb. 

§42. \r, 11 : as in bull, full, put, PV<sl>) Pyll? ®tic. ; with sound the same as db (fdbt), 
heard also in sug'ar after s as gb. 

Unaccented the u occurs in the syllable f ul ; as in Joy'f \il, Joy'ful-negg, f ^1-filF, etc. ; also, 
after r, in f ru-gaFi-ty and a few other words. 

§ 43. ty, il : as in Arn, Arge, bilrn, bArl, etc. ; with equivalents as in worm, journal, etc., 
before r only. The sound, as more commonly heard, is the narrow form of the vowel, correspond- 
ii^; to the wide H {Up). 

§ 44. U, il : as in tip, bild, tiib, iig, iigb'er, iUi'der, etc. ; the " short u ; ** with equiva- 
lents as in sun, does, blood, touch, etc. 

In UNACCENTED SYLLABLES the vowel occurs in cir'ciig, gtlb-mit', etc.. and falls readily into the 
*' neutral vowel." The ou in pi'ong, etc., ol in por'pol^e, eo in dnn'geon, etc., usually the 
avr in bel'loivg, etc., and the final element of the eou in rigbt'eoug, etc., and of lou in gra'- 
cloug, etc., and the o in at'om, irk'some, ua'tlon, etc., have the same sound. 

§ 45. U, toiih consonant value, having the sound of iv, before another vowel in the same syllable : 
after q or g ; as in qual'i-ty, quite, queg'tlon, gua'no, lan'gruage, etc. ; also after g, as in 
perguade', gulte, etc. 

§46. The neutral Toivel, sometimes called the "natural vowel," is the vocal sound made 
with the least articulative eifort, or with no effort to shape the sound, and heard, except as a glide, 
only in unaccented syllables. It may be described as an obscure sound approaching that of ii (up) 
or tL (urn). 


§ 47. This letter, as a vowel, has four sounds : y = I ; as in de-fy', style, fly ; — y, the equiva- 
lent of t (tdea) ; as in by-e'na, my-ol'o-gy ; — y =: i ; as in nympb, l^lc, and (unaccented) 
pit'y, bap'py ; — y = SorI; asin myrrb, myr'tle and (unaccented) zepb'yr. 




ft; • • .asin, • . ftrm; 

■ • 

&, ft ; tt) 9 ; • • '* " • cftre, ftm ; 5dd, 9II ; 

a, £ ; 6« o ; " " ale, find ; 6bey, old ; 

[», « ; [«, il ; " " [f »m, ev»r ; [tip, ^m ; 

e, i ; db, do ; " " eve, 111 ; f dbt, food* 


The compound on is a glide from ft to db. 

The compound I is a glide from ft to X. 

The compound fl is composed of y or i and do, 

The sound of a has a vanish in X or e. 

The sound of o has a vanish in db or do. 



% 48. This is a labial sonant, correlatiye of p, as in boy, cab, ebb, beauty, bring, bloiv, 
a^ble, herb, bulb, robbed (rSbd), etc. It is usually silent after m in the same syllable ; as in 
bouib, clin&b, tomb ; also before t ; as in debt, doubt, Bub'tle ; also in bdel^um. 


§ 49. The " soft c " has a sibilant sound of three varieties : — One like g sharp, marked ^, (, and 
represented by s in the respelling for pronunciation. C has this sound before e, fl, or y; as in 
cede, civil, cypress, acid, glance, force, vice, etc. — In a few words the letter has the z 
sound ; as in sacrlflce, suffice, discern. — When ce or cl is followed by another vowel in the 
same syllable, the sli sound is taken, either by the c alone, as in oceanic, vlcloslty, or by the 
ee or ci together, as in ocean, vicious, etc. 

§ 50. The " hard c," marked C, e, has the sound of k, and is represented by k in the respelling. 
The letter has this sound before a, o, or u, or a consonant, and at the end of a syllable if not fol- 
lowed by 1 or e ; as in call, cold, plc'ture, act, ethics ; and before e in sceptic, and i in 
scirrous, etc. 

§ 51. C is silent in czar, victuals, indict, and in uiuscle, corpuscle, etc. 


§ 52. The digraph ch (unmarked) has nearly the sound of tsh ; as in chin, church. It is the 
surd correlative of j. 

The sound is also represented by tl in bastion, question. Christian, etc., by te in 
righteous, and by t with the initial part of u in texture, nature, etc. 

§ 53. The digraph marked K^^ ^h, has the sound of sh, in words from the French which have 
retained this sound ; as in chaise, chivalry, chagrin, machine, mustache. 

\ 54. Ch hard, marked Ch, eh ; with sound like k, which is used to represent it in the respell- 


fng. It haa this somid in words derived from the Greek, and tlirough the Latin in all but quite 
modem words; as in chorus, epoch, echo, chlorine, chrism, character; or from the 
Hebrew ; as in Nebuchadnezzar, £noch, etc. ; exceptions are church, chart, Rachel, 
cherub, and the prefix arch- in archbishop, archdeacon, archduke, etc. ; but the fc 
sound remains in archangel, and in architect, architrave, etc. 

§ 66. Ch is silent in drachm, schism, yacht ; also in fuchsia. 


§ 66. This is a dental sonant, correlative of the surd t ; as in day, dry, bed, aimed, Idleb 
It sounds as t when preceded by a surd in the same syllable ; as in hissed, loolced, arched 
(hTst, ld6kt, i&rcht). It is silent in the first syllable of Wednesday and in hancdierchief , 
handsome, and iirindroiv. 

§ 67. This is a labiodental, the surd correlative of the sonant v ; as in fame, fly, f ei/r, stalls 
oft, etc. It has gh and ph for equivalents ; as in lauffh, photograph, etc It takes the 
sound of V in the word of, and usually in the compounds, hereof, thereof, ivhereof . 


§ 58. The " hard g '* is marked G, £ ; but in the respelling for pronunciation is represented by g 
unmarked. It is a guttural sonant, the correlative of k, used before a, o, u, or 1, r, s, in the same 
syllable; as in gay, go, gun, glad, groiiv, lingual, argue, bags, haggle ; — sometimes, 
though not usually, before e, 1, or y ; as in get, give, gig, muggy. The letter g is always 
hard at the end of a word ; as in hug, berg ; also in the derivatives of such words, even when the 
doubled g is followed by e, i, or y ; as in cragged, druggist, foggy. 

The interposition of a slight sound of e (eve) or i (ill) between g hard and a following & or I 
sound, in garden, guard, guide, guile, etc., and in like manner after a k or hard c, in card, 
kind, etc., — upheld by the authority of Walker, — is not approved. 

$ 69. The " soft g," marked 6, ^, has the sound of J, and is represented by J in the respelling 
for pronunciation ; as in gem, engine, rage, caged, etc. It is found usually before e, i, or y. 

§ 60. In a few words from the French, the letter g retains the sound like that of z in azure ; 
as in rouge, mirage, cortege, etc. 

§ 61. The letter g is silent before ni or n final, and when initial before n ; as in phlegm, 
sign, gnat, gnostic, etc. No g sound is heard in the digraph ng ; as in sing, long, etc ; nor 
in seraglio, nor in bagnio. 


§ 62. At the beginning of a word, this digraph is sounded like hard g ; as in ghastly, ghost, 
etc. It is silent after i ; as in high, sigh, iireigh, straight, eight, right, etc. ; also before 
t in the same or a following syllable ; as in bought, brought, thought, wrought, caught, 
taught, fraught, daughter, drought, etc. ; but has the sound of f in t|»e word draught: 
the sound of f also commonly after au or ou at the end of a syllable ; as in laugh, cough, rough, 
enough; that of k in hough, lough, shough ; and is often silent after au or ou in the same 
syllable ; as in overslaugh, dough, doughy, though, bough, through. 


§ 63. This is a pure breath sound, representing no fixed configuration of the vocal organs, and is 
often caUsd the tupirata, it oconrs at the beginning of wosds or qyUsUas, as hi hate, here, hire^ 


house, home, hard, hit, hoop, hoot, etc The sound may be produced before any of the 
vowel sounds and before Mm aemivowel sounds y and iv. It is represented by -virh in "vrho, 
i^hose, iirhom. H is silent in heir, herb (usually), honest, honor, hour, and their de- 


$ 64. This, with the equivalents g soft and ds, is compounded of d and zh. We have it in Jar, 
Jani, Jest, Jut, Jury, Join, etc. It is the sonant correlative of the surd ch. In some proper 
names of foreign origin, and in other foreign words, J or dj occurs at the end of a syllable ; as in 
AJ'arlon, hadj, hadj'l, Mij'a-mln, BaJ, RaJ^poor'. 

The sound is represented by ge in gurgeon, outrageous, etc. ; by gi in region, religious, 
etc. ; by di in soldier, etc. ; by de in grandeur, etc. ; and by d with a part of u in verdure. 


$ 65. This is a guttural s&rd mute, the correlative of sonant g (hard) ; as in kite, kill, skill, ask, 
ark, elk, ilk, mink, oak, etc. It has hard c, hard ch, gh, cu, qu, que, cque, and q for 
equivalents; as in call, chorus, hough, biscuit (-kit), coquet, antique, sacque, queen. 

The sound is the first componelit of the ordinary x ; as in box, etc. Before n, in the same syllable, 
k is silent ; as in knot, knee, etc. ; ck has the sound of k alone ; as in back ; as does Ik after 
9 (9II) or o (old) ; as in -viralk, folk, etc. 

§ 66. This is a palatal sonant made by contact of the point of the tongue with the palate, as for 
t, d, n ; but with the sides of the tongue in this case left free for the passage of the breath. It is 
one of the liquids. We have it in lie, all, sole. The 1 in an unaccented following an accented 
syllable fulfills the office of a vowel ; as in battle, bustle, bridle, couple, pickle, etc., and 
in some other cases, as in evil, easel, etc. The 1 is silent in would, could, should, alms, 
balm, nialmsey, calm, palm, palmer, psRlm, salmon, almond, half, behalf, calf, 
halve, salve, calves, balk, chalk, calk, talk, stalk, -walk, folk, yolk (often), with like 
words and their derivatives. 


§ 67. M has but one sound, produced by closing the lips, as for b and p, and letting the vocalized 
breath into the nasal passage ; as in me, tanie, times. At the beginning of a word, m before n 
is silent ; as in mnemonics. 


§ 68. N, as in none, inn, one, ten, fern, snoiv, tent, annul, change, ingress, con- 
gressive, etc., is the dentonasal consonant; the oral passage being closed by contact of the point 
and the sides of the tongue with the palate, just as it is for t and d, — n being continuous and 
nasal, while t and d are momentary and oral. 

§ 69. When n is final after m it is silent ; as in hymn, condemn, solemn, etc. ; but when 
to such words is added a suffix or an inflection beginning with a vowel, the n is generally sounded ; 
as in condemnation, condenuiatory, solemnize, solemnity, hymnolog^, hymnist, 
limner, autumnal, etc. X is silent in kiln, limekiln, etc. In the participles damned, 
damning, condemning, contemning, hymning, limning, etc., and also in the cognate 
nouns condemnor and contemner, usage is divided. Initial kn, pn, mn, are sounded as n ; 
as in knoiv, pneuuiatlcs, mnemonics, etc. 

§ 70. N at the close of an accented syllable, with g, c, or ch, hard, or k or qu, comment 
tdng a following syllable, commonly takes the ng sound, and is marked n ; as in ag'ger, u||'< 
elAf din'gle, ao'ehort coQ'greM, con^gre-ga^tion, can'ker, eon'quett, coQ'qnei) 


etc. ; but not generally if the accent falls on the latter syllable ; as in con-grres'give, con-cor^- 
dant, etc. ; nor in the prefixes in*, en«, on-, on-, non- ; as, In'couie, un'con-cern', non'^. 
com-uiit'tal ; nor in quin'cunx, and the derivatives and compoonds of quin'qoe ; nor in 
pen'suin and a few other words. In e^lou-Ka'tlon, pro'lou-sa/tion, Bas-ffnif'^er-oas, 
etc., and often in cou-sres'slon-al, con-ffru'l-ty, and like words, the n, though unaccented, 
retains the sound of ns, which is given ic by rule in the words from which these are derived, as 
e-ioQ^gate, etc. It takes the ng sound also before k, or cli hard, or x, at the end of a syllable ; 
as in ink, think, tbaak, mottfc, conch, anx'loas, etc 

* NG. 

§ 71. The digraph Nff, ng, is the equivalent of n. This sound is formed with the organs in the 
same position as g (hard), except that the nasal passage through which the sound passes is left 
open. The dign^aph occurs only at the end of syllables ; as in long, wtng^ hang, sing, song'- 
stress ; or with ue added at the end ; as in tongue ; except that in the comparatives and super- 
latives of long, strong, young, the g goes with a proper hard g sound to the inflection, while 
the n takes to itself the o sound ; as, lofi'ger, lon'gest. In diphthong and triphthong* the 
g goes, in a like way, to the suffix -aL 



§72. This is the surd correlative of b; as in pea, cup, pray, play, harp, spy, spread, 
oppress, etc. It is silent as initial before n, s, sh, and t ; as in pneumatics, psalm, pshavr s 
also in raspberry, receipt, sempstress, accompt, corps, and their derivatives. 


$ 73. This digraph occurs chiefly in words of Greek derivation, and has usually the sound of f ; 
as in phantoni, sylph, philosophy, etc. It has the sound of v in Stephen ; and, according 
to most orthoepists, in nephcvr, though in America it has commonly its regular sound of f in 
the latter word. In diphthong, triphthong, ophthalmy, naphtha, and other allied 
Words, and their derivatives, the ph is sometimes sounded as p. 


§ 74. Q Is In all cases followed by u, and the two together have commonly the sound of kvr ; 
as in queen, conquest, etc. ; but they have that of k in a few words from the French, as in co- 
quette, etc. ; as has also tbe ending -que in antique, burlesque, etc 


§ 75. The sound of r, as in rip, trip, carol, far, form, etc., is produced by the passage of 
the voice over the tongue, the end of which is raised, but does not touch the roof of the mouth, 
while its sides close the passages through which the sound of 1 passes. 

There are two leading varieties of the consonant r. One, the dental r, is made between the 
point of the tongue and hard palate not far back of the teeth ; used before a vowel, as in rise, try, 
oral, array. This, as requiring a more forcible expulsion of the breath, is commonly caUed 
** rough '* r. The other, the palatal r, is made between the tongue and the palate, somewhat 
farther back, with less friction of breath than the dental, and hence is commonly called *' smooth " r. 
It occurs at the end of a syllable or befo]:e a consonant, as in far, arm, orbit. 

The *' rough " r is by some speakers more or less trilled, but this practice is not common in the 
United States. 

A prevailing fault in New England is (like that which Walker says prevailed in England, especially 
in London) not sounding the r at the end of words and before a consonant ; thus, eft (with the vowel 
somewhat prolonged) for ear, f ftm for farm, etc. It still prevails in the south of England. In 
the United States, the fault is not uncommon in New England. But among educated people the r 
takes generally in the United States a more or leas dear sound as a consonant in all aituationat 
H. B. Diot.-l. 

• •• 


The letter r neyer takes the regular short sound of a vowel before it, except when in primitiTes 
and their derivatives it ends a syllable, and is followed by a syllftble beginning with a vowel sound ; 
as in marry, very, spirit, mirror, florid, morroiir, liorry, myriadB. The doubling of 
the r does not affect this statement, since but one r is sounded. 

When primitives end in r their derivatives do not take the regular short sound of a vowel simi- 
larly situated ; as in bar, barring ; infer, Inferring ; err, errins ; ttir, ttirrlns ; ab* 
lior, abhorring ; ocenr, occurjrinK. 


§ 76. The proper sound of s as a surd is made by breath forced through a contracted chsimd 
between the tongue and the hard palate near the front teeth, and impinging upon the edges of the 
upper or the lower teeth ; as in see, so, bias, yes, scorn, sky, sly, sntiile, snoiv, spy, 
square, stay, suvim, coflis, piciss, cups, cuts, sense, curse, best, message, dispiay, 
lisp, gipsy, absurd, etc. Equivalents are : c soft, as in cell, civil, vice ; sc, as in scene, 
science, etc. ; sch as in schism. 

§ 77. The sonant s (marked g), corresponding to the surd, as above, is made with the same artic- 
ulative position, except that the tongue is pressed somewhat closer to the palate. The sound is pre- 
cisely like that of z ; as in iig, bag, etc. The s is sonant as the final sound of some verbs and surd 
as the final sound of the cognate nouns or adjectives; as use, abuse, dlflUse, bouse, etc. 
Notice close, with s as z in verb and noun, and s sharp in the adjective. Compare advige (v.), 
advice (n.), etc. 

§ 78. S takes sometimes the sound of sb, by fuMon with a following y sound, with consequent 
vowel change; as in version, mansion, convulsion, censure, sensual, sure, sugar, 

etc. ; in the case of s doubled, the first is assimilated to the second ; as in passion (pSsh'fin), 
issue (Tsh^ or Tsh'u). In a few words s takes the sb sound while leaving the following vowel 
unchanged ; as in Asiatic, nausea, etc. Compare § 49. 

§ 79. S takes the sound (zb) of z in azure by fusion with a following y sound, when it is pre* 
ceded by a vowel in an accented syllable ; as in vl'gion, de-cl'gion, ad-be'gion, sua'glon, ex' 
plo'gion, con-fu'gion, pleag'ure, lei'gure, vig'u-al, u'gu-ry, etc. ; also in scig'glon, 
ab-scig'gion, re-scig'gion. 


§ 80. This digraph, as in sharp, shine, rash, usher, represents a surd sibilant made between 
tongue and palate at a place farther back than the s. It is reckoned as a simple element, and is the 
correlate of the sonant sound represented by zb. 

The sound is otherwise represented by c or s with or before e or i, and by t or sc with or before 
i ; by 8, sometimes, before u ; as involved in the x in anxious, luxulry, etc. ; by cb in chaise, 
machine, etc. ; by chs in fuchsia ; and by sch in schorl, scbottlsche, from the German. 


§ 81. This is the dental surd correlative of sonant d ; as in tie, it, note, try, tame, twine, 
stay, stray, art, last, apt, sent, aft, act, salt, next, attend, etc. 


§ 82. This digraph is used to represent two sounds, a surd and a sonant, both made with the 
same articulative position: the surd, as in thin, thing, thrive, enthusiasm, breath, 
length, birth, width, etc. ; the sonant, marked Th, tb, as in the, this, thy, then, with, 
breathe, bathe, father, northern, etc. 

In the following nouns the th is surd in the singular and sonant in the plural : bath, dothf 


lath, mouth, oath, path, ^rreath, moth ; pi. bathg, clothg, etc. Verb and noun forma 
differ : the verb sonant, the noun surd ; as, breathe, breath ; vnrekthe, iirreath ; bathe, 
bath ; mouth, niouth. 


§ 83. Th has the sound of t in thyme, Thomas, Thames, Esther ; and in phthlsiOt 
(ph being silent). It is commonly silent in isthmus and asthma. 


$ 84. This is the sonant correlatiye of the surd f ; as in vain, vivid, ever, live, lived, 
move, moves, calveg, wolveg, etc. The sound is taken by f in of ; but in pronouncing its 
compounds, hereof, thereof, etc., usage is divided between v and f. 


§ 85. At the beginning of a word or of a syllable, as ivet, -worse, inivard, this letter (which 
Lb unmarked) is a sonant, formed from, and nearly resembling, the vowel oo^ but requiring for 
its utterance a closer position, or greater contraction, of the labial aperture ; and this compression 
of the.lips changes the quality of the sound, giving it a buzzing and articulative instead of a smooth 
and purely vocal character. 

It is often represented by u occurring before another vowel in the same syllable, as in quail, 
query, languid, assuage, etc 

§ 86. After a vowel in the same syllable,, w is generally silent ; as in glow, thrown, etc., 
though sometimes significant, as in flaw. With e it unites to form a diphthong, which is generally 
sounded like long u, as in dew, few, new ; but it is sounded like oo, or like u in rude, if the 
letter r stands before it, as in crew, shrew. It is often joined with a preceding o to r^resent 
the diphthongal sound otherwise expressed by ou, as in broiv, coiv, town. 

§ 87. W is always silent before r in the same syllable, as in -wring, vnrote, a^^ry ; also in the 
words ans-wer, s-word, to-ward, t-wo. 


§ 88. The true sound of these letters is in the reverse order, namely, h-w, as they were written 
in Anglo-Saxon ; e. g., -when is pronounced h-wen ; -wharf, h-warf. The h is here a free 
emission of breath tlirough the position taken by the lips in the formation of iv. In ivho, 
-whole, -whoop, -whore, and their derivatives, the w is silent. 


$89. The surd sound of x, as in box, -wax, execute, exit, exodus, exudation, ex- 
claim, extreme, excel, excellent, etc., is equivalent to that of ks. X, as preceding an ac- 
cented syllable, is exceptionally surd (ks) in ex-ar'chate, ex-er'cent, ex-ude', hex-am'e- 
ter, ox-al'ic, and a few other words (see § 90). In words such as anxious, noxious, luxury, 
the s component of the x becomes sh by fusion with a following y sound. 

$ 90. X is, with few exceptions, sonant (gz) when followed by an accented syllable that b^^ 
with a vowel, or by a silent h and a vowel under the accent ; as in exist, exalt, exaggerate, 
example, exempt, exert, exotic, exult, exhaust, exhibit, exhort, exhilarate, etc. 
Some derivatives of such words often retain the sound with the x falling under the accent ; as in 
ex'eni-pla-ry, ex'emp-ti'tious. 

§ 91. At the beginning of words, x has the sound of z ; as in xanthic, xebec, xylography. 
It retains this sound in certain compounds, as in par^a-xan'thin, uiet^a-xylene, etc 



§ 92. T, as a oonflonant, is a palatal scxumt ; as in year, yon, jovokg, beyond, vineyard, 

halyard, etc. It is classed with iv as a semivowel. In certain cases the sound is represented by 
I ; as in poniard, onion, genial, familiar, etc. ; and in like manner by e, and it forms a part 
of the vowel H (Use). The place of articulation for this consonant extends farther back than the 
place of constriction for the vowel e (eve), involving the soft palate, as the place for e does not. 

Y, as a consonant, occurs only at the beginning of a syUabie ; at the end or in the middle, it is a 
vowel, as in my, liappy, eye. It is used in this Dictionaiy in giving the pronunciation of some 
foreign words, as fiord, lorgnette, camarilla, etc. ; and, in such case, is not restricted to the 
beginning of a syllable. 


§ 93. The ordinary z is a sonant ; as in zeal, zone, maze, size, amazed, frozen, liazy, 
dizzy, Blzar, buzz, etc. ; the sound is often represented by g ; as in easy, his, ears, etc. ; some- 
times by c ; as in suffice, etc. It is the correlative of the surd s. 

§ 94. In some words, z takes a sound (zh) which is the sonant correlative of the surd sh ; as in 
azure, seizure, grazier. The sound is represented by si in fusion, etc. ; by ti, exception- 
ally, in transition (cf. flnsition); and by b in rouge, uian^ge, mirage, and other words 
from the French. 


Flaob or Abticvlatxoh. 


Lip and teeth 

Tongue and teeth 

Tongue and hard palate (forward) 
Tongue and hard palate (back) . . 
Tongue, hard palate, and soft palate 
Tongue and soft palate .... 
Various places 




Surd. Sonant. Surd. 











z; r 
zb; r 









When a surd and a sonant consonant come together in the same syllable, it is generally very diffi- 
cult, in fluent pronunciation, to preserve each in its regular and appropriate sound. Hence it fre- 
quently becomes necessary to change the character of the one or of the other, in order to make the 
combination readily pronounceable. This is generally done, in English, by assimilating the soimd of 
the second consonant, whether surd or sonant, to that of the first. Thus, in cbintz, the vocal 
consonant z assumes the sound of its surd correspondent s, in order to unite with the surd t. On 
the other hand, the s in -winds is vocalized, oi assumes the sound of z, for the sake of correspond- 
ing with the sonant d. Sometimes, though rarely, the sound of the first consonant is assimilated to 
that of the second, as in spasm (spaz'm), prism (priz'm). 

This affinity between these two classes of consonants is an important fact, and one which needs to 
be familiarly known. For there are four very common inflectional terminations which come under 
its influence, namely : 1. Possessive forms in s, as maid's (maidz) ; 2. Rurals in s, as tubs 
(tubz), groves (gr5vz) ; 3. S in the third person singular of verbs, as loads (loadz), smootbs 
(smootfaz) ; 4. Preterits and participles in d preceded by e mute, as in dagbed (dasht), ingulfed 


In many words, a consonant is doubled between two vowels ; yet, in such cases, no more than one 
articulation is used in speaking. In banner, for example, we close the organs but once between 
the first and second syllables ; nor is it possible to use both of the letters n without pronouncing 
ban, then intermitting the voice entirely, opening the organs, and closing them a second time. 
Hence, in all cases, when the same consonant is written twice between vowels, as in banner, rob- 
bing, madden, letter, borrld, one of them only is represented by an articulation of the 
organs ; and the only reason for repeating the consonant is to indicate the fact that the precedii^ 
vowel has its short sound. 

But although only one articulation is ever used where a consonant is written twice, yet in soma 
words the articulation is dwelt upon for an appreciable space of time, producing an apparent dupli- 
cation of the sound. This effect takes place in many derived words, in which the primitive ends or 
begins with the same letter as that with which a superadded suffix and prefix of English origin re- 
spectively begins or ends, as in goullegs^ foully, keennesg, misstep, outtravel, unnat- 
ural. The same effect takes place in most compound words, in which the second part begins 
with the same sound as that with which the first part ends, as in post-toivn, headdress, 


Accent is a particular stress or effort of voice upon certain syllables of words, which distinguishes 
them from the others by a greater distinctness and loudness of pronunciation. Accent is of two 
kinds, primary, as in in-tend', where the full force of the voice is on the last syllable, and second- 
ary, as in 8u'per-in-tend', where the first syllable is distinguished by a stress gn^eater than that 
laid on the second and third syllables, though less than that laid on the last. In some words there 
are two secondary or subordinate accents, as in In-com^pre-hen^si-bll'l-ty. 

NoTB. — (1.) The general tendency of accent, whether primary or secondary, is to shorten all vow- 
els but u, when further back than the penultimate syllable, as in ten'ement, ne^essariness, 
an'atom'ical, person'fflca'tion, etc. (though we say m'bricate, and not lilb'rli^ite ; 
tru'culency, and not triic'ulency ; su'perabun'dant, and not sttp'erabon'dant, etc.). 
This tendency generally fuls, if the first of the two following syllables ends, and the second begins, 
with a vowel ; as in pe'ri-od, o'ri-en'tal, le-vl'a-than. 

(2.) The primary and secondary accents are, in certain cases, so nearly equal that we interchange 
them freely, ** making,'* as Walker remarks, ** the secondary accent principal and the principal sec- 
ondary." Examples are ambuscade, cavalcade, caricature, etiquette, reverie, confi- 
dante, governante, parachute, etc. 

(3.) Many in America give a marked secondary accent in certain words which properly have but 
one accent, and that on a pre-antepenultimate syllable, as in ter'rl-to'ry, dif 'fi-cill'ty, cir'- 
cnnoL-stftn'ces, in'ter-Sst'lng, etc. This droning fault may be corrected by giving the accented 
syllable a sharp percussion, which carries the voice lightly through the rest of the word. 



A^, [E.] On; at; to; in; of; for; up; from; 

— often with intensive force. 
A-. [L.] A form of As-, Ad-. 

A-. [Gr.l A form of An- 

Ab-. L^- J Prom ; away ; separation ; departure. 

Abik. [L.] i " 


A form of Ab-. 
A form of Ad-. 
To; towards; at; near. 

Af-f Air-, ~A1-. [L.] Forms of Ad-. 

Al-> ^B'] All ; wholly ; completely. 

A1-. [Arab.] The (rendering nouns definite). 

Ami)-) Ann-. [L.] About; around; on both 

AnpU-. [Gr.] About ; on both or all sides ; 
double; surrounding. (Greek form of L. 

An-. [L.] A form of Ad-. 

An-. [Or] Not; without; privation or nega- 
tion. (Greek form of L. In-, E. Un-.) 

Ana-. [Gr.] Up ; through ; throughout ; on ; 
again: back; backward; previously. 

Ant-. [Gr.l Against. A form of Antz-. 

Ante-. [L.I Before ; fore ; in front. 

Antl-. [Gr.j Against ; over against ; in opposi- 
tion or liostility. 

Ap-. [L.] A form of Ad-. 

Ap-, Aph-. [Gr.] Forms of Apo-. 

Apo-. [Gr.] Away ; apart ; asunder ; off ; from. 

Ar-. [L.] A form of Ad-. 

Arcll-, Arohl-. [Gr.] Chief ; head ; principal ; 

As-) At-. [L.] Forms of Ad-. 

AntO-. [Gr.] Self; of one's self. 

Be-. [= E. by.'} About; on; bjr; near; at; 
nearness or closeness; — often with an inten- 
sive or a privative force. 

Bi-, Bis-. [L.] Two; twice; doubly; in two 

Oata-, Oat-, Oath-. [Gr.] Down; downward; 

through ; completely ; according to. 
OiXCUn-. [L.] Around ; about ; surrounding. 
GiS-. [L.] On this side of. 
Oo-, Ool-. [L.]] Forms of Com-. 
Com-. [L.] With ; together ; altogether ; against. 
Con-, l^^ A form of Com-. 
Contra-. [Ii.] Against; in opposition; counter 

to; across. 
Oor-. [L.] A form of Com-. 
Gonnter-. [F.] Against ; opposite ; answering 

to. (French form of L. Contra-.) 

Dd-. [L.] Down; from; away; — often with 
negative force, sometimes intensive. 


Deca-. [Gr.] Ten ; tenfold. 

-. [F.] Semi-; half. ( A form of Gr. Hsmi-, 


L. Ssw-. ) 
Des-. [F: J Apart ; away ; not. (A form of F. 

& L. Da-.) 
Di-. [Gr.] Double; twice. (Formof Di8-,L.Bis-.) 
Dia-. [Gr.] Through ; between ; across ; doable. 
Dif-. TL.1 a form of Dis-. 
Dls-. [L. J Apart ; asunder ; in two ; undoing ; 

— often with negative force. 
Dys-. [Gr.] Ill; bad; difficult; dangerons; 


E-, Eo-. [Gr. & L.] Forms of Ez^ 

Ef-. [L.] A form of Ex-. 

Em-, En-. [F.] In ; on. (French forms of L. 

En-. [Gr.] In ; into ; upon. 

Enter-. [F.] Between; among. (French form 
of Intkb-^ 

Ep-, Eph-, Epl-. [Gr.] Upon ; to ; over ; after ; 
above; among; near; besides. 

Es-. [L.] Out; away. (A form of Ex-.) 

En-, Ev-. [Gr.] Well; easy; good; advanta- 

Ez-. [Gr. &L.] Out; out of ; from; off; pro- 
ceeding from ; beyond. 

Extra-. [L.J Beyond ; outside, or in excess of ; 
not limitec 

:..] B 


For-. [E.] Forth; away; out; without; 
against ; utterly ; — used witii intensive or neg- 
ative force. 

Fore-. [E.] Beforehand; in advance; progres- 
sing in time or place. 

Heml-. [Gr.] Half. (Greek form of L. Sua-.) 

Hetoro-. [Gr.] Other; different. 

Hopta-. [Gr.J Seven ; sevenfold. 

Hexa-. tGr.j Six; sixfold. 

Holo-. [Gr.] Whole; complete; entire. 

Homo-. [Gr.] Same; simiUr; like. 

Hyper-. [Gr.J Over; beyond; too; — used to 
denote excess. 

Hypo-. [Gr.] Under ; beneath ; — used to de- 
note diminutioik. 

Ig-, n-, Im-. [L.] Forms of In-. 

In-. [E.] Within; into; among; — often used 

to g^ve emphasis. 
In-. [L. 1 In ; into ; oa ; upon. 
In-. [L.J Not ; contrary to ; without. (Latin 

form of Gr. An-, E. Uh-.) 
Diter-. [L.] Between; among. 
Intro-. [L.] In; into; inwards; within. 


Ir-.. [L.] AformoflH-i 
Jnzta-. [L.] Near ; nigh ; close. 

Mai-, Male-. [F. & L.] Badly ; ilL 

Met-, Meta-. [Gr.] Among; beyond; after; 
behind ; between ; oyer ; with ; reversely. 

Mis-. [E. 1 Bad ; ill ; wrongly ; wrongful ; erro- 
neous; defective; unlike. 

Mia-. [F. & L.1 111 ; unfortunate. 

Men-, Mono-. [Gr.l Single ; only ; sole ; alone. 

Mult-, Mnlti-. [L. J Many ; repeatedly. 

H- [E.], Hon- [L.] Not ; un-; in-. 

01>-. [L.] Against ; in the way ; in front ; be- 
fore ; to ; at ; toward ; reversed ; back. 

Oo-, Of-. [LJ Forms of Ob*. 

Off-. [E.J From; away. 

Omni-. [L.] All; entirely. 

On-. [E.l Upon ; against. 

Op-. [Lj A form of Ob-. 

Ont-. [K] From ; beyond ; more ; not within. 

Over-. [E.l Above; beyond; in excess; too 
great ; undue ; needless ; superfluous. 

Pan-, Panto-. [Or.] AU ; entire. 

Par-. [F.] Through. 

Par-, Para-. [Gr.] Beside ; aside from ; against ; 

beyond ; unlike ; amiss ; wrong ; contrary. 
Pel-. [L.] A form of Pbb-. 
Pen-. TikJ Almost; nearly. 
Per-. [L.J Through ; throughout ; thoroughly ; 

very ; to the utmost extent ; by ; — sometimes 

with force of E. Fob-. 
Perl-. [Gr.] With; around; about; near. 
Pol-. [LJ A form of Fob-. 
Poly-. [Gr.] Repeated ; many. 
Per-. [L.] Forth; forthwith. 
Post-. [L.] After ; behind ; later. 
Pre-, Pxv-. [L.] Before ; forward ; forth ; prior 

in time, place, or rank. 
Preter-. [L.] Past ; beyond ; above ; more than ; 

Pro-. [L. & Gr.] Fore ; before ; forth ; for- 
ward ; in favor of ; in the place of. 
Proa-. [Gr.] Towards ; at ; by ; beside ; forth ; 

— notmg connection and engagement. 

Prot-, ProtO-. [Gr J Original ; first. 
Psendo-. [Gr.] False; pretended; spurious; 

Pur-. [F.] Forward ; before. (A form of FBO-.) 

Re-, Red-. [L.] Back ; again. 
Retro-. [L.] Back; backward. 

So-. [L.] Aside ; apart ; away ; without ; by it* 

self. (A form of Sink-.) 
Semi-. [L.] Half. (L. form of Gr. Hbki-, F. 

Sine-, Sim-, Sin-. [L.l Without ; lacking. 
Step-. [E.] Having (a specified) relationship 

through a parent's marriage. 
Sn1>-. [L.] Under ; after ; beneath ; inferior ; 

subordinate.; imperfect. 
SnbtN:-. [L.] Under; beneath. (A form of 

Sno-, Snf-, Sng-, Sun-, Snp-. Forms of Sub-. 
Siner-. [L.] Above ; over ; more ; in excess. 

(A form of Gr. Htfbb-, E. Ovxb-.) 
Snpra-. [L.] Beyond; above; over. 
Snr-. [F. & L.] Over ; above ; beyond ; upon. 
Snr-, Sua-. [L.J Forms of Sub-. 
S7I-, Sym-. [Gr.] Forms of Syn-. 
Syn-. [Gr.] With ; together with ; at the same 


To-. [E.] This ; on this ; the. 

Tra-, Trana-. [L.] Over; beyond; through; 

across; on the other side; — often indicating 

complete change. 
Trl-. [L. & Gr.] Three ; thrice ; threefold. 

Ultra-. [L.] Beyond ; on the other side ; in ex- 
cess ; more than is common, natural, or proper. 

Un-. [E.] Not; privation; undoing; revers- 
ing. (A form of Gr. An-, L. In-, not.) 

Un&r-. [E.] Below; beneath; inferior. (A 
form of In-, Inteb-, An-.) 

Uni-. [L.] One; single. 

Up-. [E.] Upwards ; over ; above. (A form of 

Vioe-. [L.] Instead of ; representing. 

With-. [E.] Against; back; from; away; by. 


-aUe. [F. & Ik] Capable of being; that may 

be ; causing. 
•ao. [Gr.] Of ; pertaining to ; one who. 
-aGeona> [L.] Having properties of; full of; 

-aciona. [F. & L.] Characterized by ; showing ; 

-aoy. [L.] State or quality of being ; office of. 
-tLg9. [F.J Collection of; state of being; act 

of ; allowance for. 
-aL [L.] Of ; pertaining to ; befittmg ; becom- 
ing ; act of. 
-an, -ian. [L.] Pertaining to (office, profession, 

character, etc.) ; one who. 
-ana. [L.] Pertaining to (persons or places), — 

used of collections of anecdotes, sayings, etc. 
-anoe, -anoy. i^.'] Condition; state of being; 

act of. 

[L.] Pertaining to. 

-ant [L.] One who ; that which (= E. -INO. 
See -BNT). 

-ar. [L.] Of ; pertaining to. 

-ar. [E.l One who ; that which. (See -lr.) 

-aroh (ark). [G.] A ruler ; a leader. 

-ard, -art. [E. & F.] Of (such) a disposition or 
character ; one who ; liable or addicted' to ; 

-ary. [L.] Of or pertaining to ; a doer of (some- 
thing specified) ; place where. 

-asm. [L.] A form of -isu. 


office, etc. ; noting salts having as much as one 
degree of oxygen ; having ; one who ; to make ; 
to give ; to take. 

[G.V A form of -ist. 

[L.J Of (such) a nature, quality, effect. 



A form of 
A form of 

•FUB (^ -IOXiD). 


•Ctl. [L.] Of or pertaining to. (A form of 


-€le, -onla. [L*] Small; diminutive ; little. 

-oy. [F.] Condition ; state of being. 

[E.] A form of -ed. 

-don. [B*^ state; condition; quality; prop- 
erty; juriadiction. 

[Gr.] Of or pertaining to ; resembling ; 
like; somewliat. 

-ed, -d. [E.] Suffix of past tense and past par- 
ticiples ; also of some adjectives and nouns. 

-M. [F.j Recipient of; one on or to. whom 
something is done. 

-•or, -lor. [F. & L.] Engaged in ; employed at ; 
(me who. 

-Olt -lo. [E.l Used for, — a diminutive form. 
, -n. L^l Made of ; pertaining to. 
Small, — a diminutive form. 

-on. [E.l Two or more, — a plural form. 

-on. [E. J To make or render, — a termination 
of verbs. 

-onoo, -onoy. [L.l Form of -ANCB, -ANGT. 

-Ont [L.] Havmg (such) a habit, property, 
etc. ; one who. 

-OOm. [L.] Belonging to; containing; show- 

.-, -yer. [E.] One who does ; agent ; inhabit- 
ant of a (specified) place. (Teutonic form of 

Ik -OR.) 

-or, -or. [E. & L.] More, — form of the com> 

-oroL [F.] Small; unimportant, — a diminu- 
tive form. 

-Orly. TE.] Going to ; coming from. 

-om. [E ] Toward. 

-017. [E. & F.] Place where something is 
done ; agency ; art of ; collection. 

S. [E.] Plural termination in all Aryan 

-OBOOnoo. [L.] State of becoming ; approach to ; 

— usually with an incipient force. 
-OBOOnt U".] Growing; becoming; gradually 

-OM. [It., fr. L.] Belonging to (such) a city 

or country. 
-OSQUO. [F., fr. L.] Like; partaking of. 
-OM. [F. fr. L., & Gr.] Form- distinguishing 

feminine nouns from similar masculines ; -ix. 
-OSt. [E.] Most, — form of the superlative. 
-Ot, -otto. [F.] Diminutive endii:^ of nouns. 

-fnL [E.] Full of ; abounding in ; causing. 
-fy. [F., fr. L.] To make ; to render ; to be- 
-f(dd. [E.] Repeated (so many) times. 

-SOnoonft, -gonons. [L. & Gr.] in respect of 

kind ; by nature. 
-gram, -graph. [Gr.] A writing on ; a writer of. 
-graphy. tGr.] A writing or describing; a 


-hoad, -hood. [E.] state ; condition ; quality ; 
character; fixedness; totolity. 

-Ian. [L.1 A form of -an. 

-iblO. [L.] A form of -ablb. 

-io. [Lu & Gr.] Of or pertaining to ; made of ; 

one who. 
-loaL [L.] A form of -ic. 
-iM. [L.] Act of ; quality oL 

-lOS. [G.l The scienoe or art of (the sabjeot 
specified in the stem word). 

-Id. [L.] Having a (specified) quality. 

-Id, -Ida. [Gr.1 Of the (specified) family or kind. 

-Ido. [Gr.] Oompounded of a (specified) chem- 
ical substance. 

-10,-7. [B-I Little, —diminutive suffix. 

-lor. [F. & L.] A form of -ub. 

-llo. [L.] Capable of being ; of ; pertaining to ; 
apt to. 

-ino. [F., fr. L.] Form distinguishing feminine 
nouns from corresponding masculines. 

-ino. [L.] Like ; of ; pertaining to. 

-lug. Te.I The act of; continubig. 

-Ing. [E.J Terminations of present participles 
and of verbal nouns. 

-Ion. [L.] Act of; state of being, — termina- 
tion of abstract nouns, — usually in -bion or 


-iqno. [F.] Having; involving. (A form of 

-10, -ICAL.) 

-iM, -Izo. [Gr.] To make ; to act ; to become ; 
to give. 

-islL. [E.] Pertaining to; somewhat; in some 

4s]l. [F., fr. L.] To make ; to cause. 

-lam, -izm. [Or.] Of (specified) tenets, doc- 
trines, or principles ; state of being ; peculiar- 

-ist. [Gr.] One who, — designating a person 
from his occupation, principles, etc. 

-ito. [L. & Gr.] One of ; a follower of, or be- 
liever in ; having. 

-ito. [Gr.] A form of -xjtb, -^ in geological 

-ito. [L.] Having ; like, — in chemical terms. 

-itis. [Gri'\ Inflammation of (the part specified). 

-ity, -ty. [I^O State or quality of ; power to 

-ive. [L.] Able to ; acting as ; given to ; used 
or designed for ; -ing ; one who. 

-ix. [L.] An agent, — feminine form of a mas- 
culine -KB or -OR. 

-izo. [Gr.] To make ; to act ; to become. 


-Un. [E.] Small, — a double diminutive. 

-lo. [E.] Used for, — a diminutive. (Form of 


-lo. [E.] A diminutive and frequentative suffix 
of verlM. 

-lonoo. [L.] Suffix to abstract nouns corre- 
sponding to -LEirr in adjectives. 

-lont. [L.1 Full of ; abounding ; affording. 

-less. [E. J Without ; free from ; lacking ; des- 
titute of ; deficient in. 

-lot [F.] Used for ; little ; small, — a diminu* 
tive. (A form of -bl, -lb.) 

-ling. [E.^ Condition; offspring; pK^eny,^ 
a diminutive form. 

-ling, -long. [E.] In a (specified) condition 01 
direction, — suffix of adverbs. 

-lite. [Gr . ] Of or pertaining to stone, — in geo^ 
logical terms, etc. 

-logy. [Gr.] Science of. 

-ly. [E.] Like; in the manner of ; of a (speci- 
fied) nature. 

-mont [F., fr. L.] Act, state, or condition of \ 

that which. 
-motor. TGr.] A measure, 
-mony. [L.] Action; faculty; state of beings 

abstract oonditton. 


-most [B.] In the highest degree, — form of 
the superlative. 

-nee, -noy. [F., fr. L.] Act ; state ; condition. 
-II08B. [£.] State; condition; quality. 

Small; young. 

•«ok. [E. 

-old, -ofdaL [Or.] Formed like ; resembling. 

-on. [F., fr. L.] Act; process; result; condi- 

-«r. [L.] One who does (something) ; an agent. 
(Latin form of E. -er.) 

•ory. [L.] Of or pertaining to ; for the purpose 
of ; place where ; that which. 

•OSe, -0118. [L.^ Full of; abounding in; ad- 
dicted to ; having. 

-phoroilS. [Or.] Bearing; having. 

-plo. [L.] Repeated, — same force as -vold. 

Condition; state. 
Jurisdiction ; district ; office. 

-red. [E.] 
-rlo. [E.J J 

-ry. iV.y fr. L.] Method; place; r^on; col- 
lection ; art of. 

-'■. [E.^ Form of the possessive case, — not an 

abbreviation of his. 
-BOOpe. [Or.] An instrument for observing. 
-BOOpy. [Or.T^ View; survey. 
-Sllip. [E.] State; office; dignity; profession; 
-head or -hood. 

State; action. (Form of -ion, 


-sion. [L.] 


-some. [E.] Having in a considerable degree or 
quanti^ ; full of ; abounding in ; causing. 

'BUoc. [E.] One who ; employed at ; skilled in ; 
addicted to. 

-sy. [Or.] Condition ; state of being. 

State; action. (Form of -ion, 

-t, -th. [E.] Having; being; act; deed; — ter- 
mination of abstract nouns. 

-teen. [E.] Ten, — termination of numerals. 

-ter, -tber. [E.] More, —form of the compar- 

-tlL [E.] Posseadon of, — termination of ab- 
stract nouns. 

-th. [E.] Having (such a) place or order, — 
termination of ordinal numbers. 

-ther. [K] An agent. 

-tlon. [L.] ~ 


-tor. [L.] An agent. (Form of -thkb.) 
-tory. [L.l Having ; manifesting ; affording, 
-trlz. [L.J An agent, — feminine form of 


-tnde. [L.] Action ; state of being. 

-tnre. [L.] A form of -use. 

-ty. [F., fr. L.] The being or having a (speci- 

fted) property or quality. 
-ty. [E.] Ten times. (See-TXBN.) 

-nle. [L.] Little ; petty, — diminutive termi- 
nation of nouns. 

-nre. [L.] Action ; being ; thing produced ; ab- 
stract condition. 

-ward, -wards. [E.] in a (specified) direction; 

having a (certain) motion or tendency. 
-way, -ways. [E.] In a (specified) manner. 
-wise. [E.] In a (specified) manner, guise, oi 


-y. [Or.] Condition ; stat? of being. 

-y. [E.] Little. (Form of -n.) 

-y, -ey. [E.] Havmg ; showing ; resembling ; 

•yte. [Or.] One who ia. 


(l. The 

■^Qnblet, u 

{a. Thelett*! 

sn f |DcT [, at tbA end of i 
juidlag ioimedjately after ,_ „,- 
nllj doubled: u in (^jr, eUff; 
b-ll, hat, loU, nuU. The miSbi 

.r » "t t"e^nii oU monMvlUbU 

abaV, caial'leT; abeV, abefled, aitVtbta, lOtf- 
lot: Mer', infemd', m/er'Tvm. 

The darlrUlvu of Ibe word gat (eio»pl gamd, 
ffturinfff tad ffotty) are written witb but onft t; 
u, gatfout, gateUy, gatify. Ex-allena, u being 

§ 3. BeeldH /. I, uid 4, the only conKnuiU 

doubled .t the e„i of JL word Te 6, rf, 0, m. n.p, 
r. 1, and I. Worda la wlilch tbeee fetters an 


doubled am abb, cbi; add. add, rudd; tgg. 

maram (to muk); inn, 6unB; teapp.- jnarr, 

parr, err, birr, ihirr, ntirr, burr, purr; mill, 
ImU; fla./iat.&mi. 

two t'l, are more properly wrinen with only one, 

! 4. A conHnuuit ituding it tbe end of a 

vowel i> nerer doubled. The worfi oil, pea/, 

•euUng a vowel eound, pcecedet the final coueo- 
oanTc! a word, or the accent of a word endi>« hi 

Aauf. dam-, and mai-a, ue eiamp1<». 

wlib the MuDd of t, and in which » tollowa the 

the laat, or when the word end> ta two dWerent 

Towel, hare uaually i addod after tbe e,- ai In 
Woe*, *n<w*, ftmr*. Tbe word, fau, mc, laic. 

tJon beginning wfthaTOwel: aa, daub, dauM, 

Bine, ploc, ™, «c, arc, more, orc,mifiK,m 

daub^' ,J^«tedg ,- mW, iWrfBl, WrffaiJ ; 

Irm'el, ttaxfiting, traCtltr; prnj'it, profited; 

Wotdi of more than one nllablB, ondinE (o ic 
or Joe, which fomerijr ended ln*ra»™aa de- 

The final conaonant I. doubled h. the deri™- 

rived from the Latin or Greek laniuagel, or from 
other eenrcea, or rormed in an aaE^^manner, 

lives of a few word, ending in 0, ta order to 

are now written witliont tbe t; *>, maniac, wm- 

tiCp-Hie. The word derrict la an eiceptlon. 

Bt^^wJuToiw h bnTlu England it ia writMp 

Words o( more than one .jllible, in which c ie 

end in ek ; aa. arract, barrack, hnmnock, kittock. 


vndtock. Tbt«nTd,alma,>ac,^ndaTac,limb^, 

xebtc, maniac, and kamc, are eieeption*. 

§6. In deri™tl.8.fL.mied from word, ending 
er ti. tbe letter * ie ineerted af£r the>, in order 


Dounced like . before the followinj vowel: ta. 

eofic, raiictji; traffic, Irafflcicd, Irafflcking, Iraf. 


57. Inderivatfraafonneabyaddingatennl. 

and words accented on the lait ayllable, when 


preceded by a ainide vo»^, that coMooant ig 

doubled; a>. clan.clannith; plan, platmrd, plan- 
B(iV, plaaner; iol, hoUtr, lUOed; leH, vHlty; 




parcels pencil^ verily pistol^ pommel^ quarrel^ rav- 
el, revels rivdls rowels shovel^ shrivel^ snivel^ tas- 
sels tinsels trammels travelsiunnels unravels vials 
victtuil. worship. In this Dictionary, the deriva- 
tives 01 these words are made to conform to the 
rule,as recommended by Walker, Lowth, Perry, 
and other eminent scholars. 

J 9* Derivatives formed from words ending in 
ouble consonant, by adding one or more sylla- 
bles, commonly retain both consonants : as, ehh^ 
elbing; odd^ oddly ; stiffs stiffness ;fell, fellaNe ; 
skill f skill/ulj skill/ulness; willf wilful, icillful- 
ness; dtUlf dullness ; full, fullness. So also the 
double I is retained in the words installment^ in- 
thrallment, thralldom, and enrollment (from in- 
staU, inthrallf thrall, and enroll), in order to pre- 
vent the false pronunciation they might receive if 
spelled with one I. Many writers and lexicogra- 
phers, especially in England, omit one I in these 
words, as also in the derivatives of skiU, unll, 
dtUl, ajid full, formed by addii^ the syllables ly 

The derivatives of pontiff are exceptions to the 
rule, being written with only one // as, poniific, 
ponHfical, poniiftcial, and the like. One I also is 
dropped in a few words formed by adding the 
temunaticn ly to words ending in II, in order to 
prevent the concurrence of three Vs : as, ill, illy; 
dtdl, dully ; full, fully. 

$ 10. In derivatives formed from words end- 
ing with silent e, the e is generally retained when 
the termination begins with a consonant : aa^le, 
paleness ; hate, hateftU ; move, movement. When, 
however, the e is immediately preceded by an- 
other vowel (except e), it is often dropped from 
the derivative: 9A,due, duly; awe, awful; and 
derivatives and compounds of these words. 

The words wliolly, nursling, wisdom, abridg- 
ment, acknowledgment, lodgment, judgment, and 
the compounds of some of these, are exceptions. 
The last four, however, are written, by many 
authors, abridgement, <icknowledgemen4, lodge- 
ment. Judgement. 

§ 11. In derivatives formed from words end- 
ing with silent e, when the termination begins 
with a vowel, the e is generally omitted, except 
in the cases mentioned in the next paragraph : as, 
bride, bridal; use, usage; come, coming; shape, 
shaping; move, movable; fleece, fleecy; force, 

The e is retained in the words hoeing, shoeing, 
and toeing (from hoe, shoe, and toe), in order to 
prevent doubt as to the pronunciation. It is re- 
tained, also, in the words dyeing, singeing, 
springeing, sunngeing, tingeing (from dye, singe, 
springe, suringe, tinge), to distinguish them from 
dying, singing, springing, sunnging, tinging 
(from die, sing, spring, swing, ting). The word 
mileage, as commonly written, does not omit the 
e, though it is sometimes, and more correctly, 
spelled milage. The words lineage, lineal, and 
pineal, though apparently exceptions, are not 
really such, since they are derived not directly 
from line and pine, but from the Latin linea 
(through the French), linealis, and pinea. The 
e, standing, in a derivative, before a termination 
beginning with a or o, and immediately after c or 
g, is retained in order to preserve the soft sounds 
of these consonants : as, peace, peaceable ; notice, 
noticeable ; manage, manageable ; change, change- 
able ; advantage, advantageous ; outrage, outrage- 
ous ; mortgage, mortgageor. The latter word is 
sometimes very improperly written mortgagor, 
nod pronounced mor^ga-Jor* 

§ 12. In derivatives formed from words end- 
ing in ie, by adding the termination ing, the e is 
dropped, and the i changed to j^, in order to pre- 
vent two t'« from coming together : as, die, dying 
vie, vying. 

§ 13. In derivatives of wo(ds ending in ypre- 
ceaed by a consonant, and formed by appending 
an^ termination except one beginning with i, the 
y IS usually changed into i: as, icy, iciest, icily; 
mercy, m^ciless; foggy, fogginess; pUy, pitiful. 
The derivatives of adjectives of one syllable 
ending in y preceded by a consonant, are excep- 
tions, and usually retain the y: as, shy, shyness. 
But the adjectives drier and driest, from dry, are 
commonly written with i instead of y. Deriva- 
tives formed by adding the termination ship, as 
secretaryship, suretyship, ladyship, and the lUce, 
also retain the 2^. The words ba^nood and lady- 
kin are likewise exceptions. The y is* also re- 
tained in the possessive case singular of nouns, 
when formed by adding s with the apostrophe : 
as, country^s, everybody's. 

§ 14. Derivatives formed by affixing a termi- 
nation to words ending in y preceded by a vowel, 
generally retain the y unchanged : as, aay, gay- 
c'y> fl'ay^y; obey, obeying; joy, joyful; gluey, 

The words daily, laid, paid, said, saith, slain, 
and staid (from diay, lay, pay, say, slay, and stay), 
with their compotuods, are exceptions. Staid, 
however, is sometimes written stayed. Deriva- 
tives from words ending in uy, as colloquies, from 
colloquy, are not exceptions to the rule, as u, in 
such cases, is not strictly a vowel, but stands for 
the consonant w. 

§ 16. Derivatives formed by appending a syl- 
lable beginning with a vowel to words ending with 
a vowel sound, generally retain the letter or let- 
ters representing such sound: as, huzza, huz- 
zaed ; agree, agreeable, agreeing ; weigh, weigh- 
ing; bow, bowed ; beau, beauish. 

Derivatives of words of this class ending in 
silent e, as iJso those formed from words ending 
in double e by adding a termination beginning 
with e, drop the finale.* va, hoe, hoed; agree, 
agreed. The cases mentioned in sections 11, 12, 
and 13 are also exceptions. 

§ 16. Derivatives foilned by prefixing one or 
more syllables to words ending in a double con- 
sonant commonly retain both consonants : as, re- 
buff, befall, inthrall, foretell, fulfill, emboss (from 
buff, fall, thrall, tell, fill, boss). 

The word until is an exception, being always 
written with one I. Those words of this class 
which end in II are written by aprae authors, es- 
pecially in England, with one 2; as, b<fal, in- 
thral, foretel, fulfil, enrol. The words distill and 
instill should be written with the I doubled, 
though they are often written distil and instil, 
with only one I. 

§ 17. Compound words formed bv joining 
two or more words commonly retain all the let- 
ters of the simple words : as, stiff-necked, wide- 

There are numerous exceptions to this rule, 
many of them compounds which by long use have 
acquired the force of single words. They are the 
following: namely, some compounds of all and 
well ; as, almighty, almost, alone, already, also, 
although, altogether, always, withal, therewithal, 
wherewithal, welcome, welfare ; — compounds of 
mass ; as, Christmas, Michaelmas, etc. ; — words 
of which the second part is the adjective /»/2; as, 



artful^ woeful ; — also, the words ehUhlain, ful- 
fiUy namesake, neekerehi^t nunuktUlf pastime^ 
etandishf and wherever. 

§ 18. The plund of nouns regularly ends in s, 
or, in certain classes of words, in es. 

When the noun in the aingiilar ends with such 
a sound that the*sound of « can unite with it 
and be pronounced without forming a separate 
syllable, s only is added in forming the plural : 
as, seOf seas; woe, woes; canto, cantos; daw, 
daws; chUf, chiefs; path, paths; gem, gems; 
act, cuits. A few plurals from nouns ending in o 
preceded by a consonant, end in e«.* as, ecfio, 
echoes ; cargo, cargoes ; potato, pokUoes. Other 
nouns of this class generally form their plurals 
regularly, though usage differs with re^ud to 
some of them. Those in which final o is preceded 
bv a vowel form their plurals regularly. The 
plural ottolkcUi is written alkalis or alkalies ; that 
of rahbi, either rabbis or rcMnes, With regard 
to other nouns ending in i usage differs, though 
they are more properly written with (he termi- 
nation is. 

When the noun in the singular ends with such 
a sound (as that of ch, sh, j, s, x, or z) that the 
sound of s can not unite with it in pronunciation, 
but must form a separate syllable, e is inserted 
before s in forming the plural, unless the word 
ends with silent e, in which case the latter serves 
to form a separate syllable with s : as, church, 
churches; age, ages; lace, laces; gas, gases; 
maze, mazes. 

To express the plural of a letter, figure, or any 
character or sign, or of a word mentioned with- 
out regard to its meaning, the letter s, generally 
preceded by the apostrophe, is appended, as in 
the phrases. **The two r« in a/2;" ''The two 
0'» in 400; '» " The why^s and wherefore's of the 

§ 19. Nouns ending in y preceded by a conso- 
nant form their plural by adding es and changing 
y into i : as, mercy, mercies ; sky, skies ; pity, 
pities. This rule includes words ending in quy, 
in which u, being pronounced like w, is strictly a 
consonant: as, colloquy, colloquies. The plural 
of proper nouns ending in y preceded by a conso- 
nant, is formed by changing y into ies, according 
to the rule: as, "The three Maries.^* Many 
writers, however, form the plural of such words 
by simply adding «.* as, ** The three Marys.'''' 

When the singular of a noun ends in y preceded 
by a vowel (except u having the power of w), the 
plural is regularly formed by adding s only : as, 
day, days; key, keys; money, moneys; attorney, 
attorneys; alloy, alloys; guy, guys. Some plu- 
rals of the lattez*class are often inaccurately writ- 
ten with the termination ies: m, monies, attor- 
nies, and the like. 

§ 20. The plurals of a few nouns ending in / 
or/c are irr^alarly formed by changing / or fe 
into ves. The following words, with their com- 
pounds, are the principal examples : namely, life, 
lives; knife, knives; wife, wives; leaf, leMves; 
sheaf, sheaves; loaf, loaves; beef, beeves; thief, 
thieves; calf, calves; half, halves; elf, elves; 
shdf, shelves; self, selves; wolf, wolves. The 
plursd of staff is sometimes written staffs, but 
more commonly staves, except when it means a 
corps of officers, either military or civil, in which 
sense it is always written staffs. The plural of 
wharf is generally written wharfs in England ; in 
the United States it is more commonly, but im- 
properly written wharves, as it is also by some 

recent Wnglish writers. The plurals of hoof and 
turf, formerly written hooves and turves, are now 
written hoofs and turfs. The plurals of other 
nouns ending in f,fe, ocff, tatt formed r^ularly 
by the addition of s only. 

§ 21. In the following nouns, the plural is 
distinguished from the singular only by a change 
of the vowel or vowel sound of the word : aamely, 
man, men; woman, women; goose, geese; foot^ 
feet; tooth, teeth; brother, brdhren ; louse, lice; 
mouse, mice. Words which end in the syllable 
man, and are not compounds, form their plurals 
regularly, by adding s only : as, cayman, cay- 
mans; desman, desmans ; firman, firmans ; tal- 
isman, talismans; German, Oemuuu; Mussul- 
man, Mussulmans. 

§ 22. A few plurals end in en: namely, broth- 
er, brethren ; child, children ; ox, oxen. To these 
may be added the obsolete forms eyne, kine, 
shoon, hosen, housen (from eye, cow, shoe, hose^ 
hoiue), -the first three of which, though they have 
received a slightly different fomif end, as pro- 
nounced, with the sound of n. 

§ 23. The words brother, die, pea, and penny, 
have each two plurals of different forms and with 
different significations: as, brothers, male chil- 
dren of the same parent, also, members of the 
same society, association, class, or profession; 
brethren, members of the same religious or eccle- 
siastical body, the word in this fonn being rarely 
used except in religious writings, or in scriptural 
language, where it also has the same meaning 
that brothers has in ordinary language ; dies, im- 
plements for making impressions by stamping, or 
for making screws, also tlie cubical parts of ped- 
estals ; dice, the cubical blocks used in games of 
chance ; peas, seeds of the pea plant, when a defi- 
nite number is mentioned ; pease, the same in 
bulk, or spoken of collectively ; pennies, the coins, 
especially when a definite number is mentioned ; 
pence, the amount reckoned by these coins. 

§ 24. A few words, mostly names of animals, 
have the same form in the plural as in the singUr 
lar : as, deer, sheep, trout, and the like. 

§ 25. Many words adopted from foreign lan- 
guages retain their original plurals : as, datum, 
data ; criterion, criteria ; genus, genera ; larva, 
larvae : crisis, crises ; matrix, matrices ; focus, 
foci : monsieur, messieurs. 

Many words of this class, while retaining the 
original plurals, have also a second, formed after 
the aniJogy of English words of similar termina- 
tion : as, formula, formulas, or formulas ; beau, 
beaux^OT beaus; index, indices, or indexes; stra- 
tum, strata, or stratums; bandit, banditti, or ban- 
dits; cherub, cherubim, or cherubs; seraph, ser- 
aphim, or seraphs. The plurals of the last two 
words are sometimes incorrectly written clter- 
ub%ms and seraphims, with double plural termina- 
tions, from ignorance or forgetfulness of the fact 
that, in Hebrew words, im is a plural ending. 

§ 26. In certain loose compoimds consisting 
of a noun followed by an adjective or other qual- 
ifying expression, the plural is commonly formed 
by nuiking the same change in the noun as when 
it stands alone : as, court-martial, courts-mar- 
tial; cousin -german, cousins - german ; son-in- 
law, sons-in-law. When, however, the adjective 
is so closely joined to the noun that the compound 
has the force of a simple word, the plural of the 
compound is commonly formed like that of any 
other word of the same termination : as, oupfulf 
cupfyU; handful, handfuls. 


§ 27* There are many words, beiddes those 
mentioned in the preceding paragraphs, in respect 
to which usage, even that of the best authors, is 
variable. The most important of these words are 
mentioned in this and the succeeding sections. 

The derivatives of the word villain^ as villain' 
ou«, villainy t etc., though often written villanous^ 
villanyf etc., properly retain the t, like those of 
other words similietrly ending in ain : as, moun' 
tainousy from mountain; captaincy , from cap- 

The words connection^ deflection^ inflection^ and 
reflection follow the spellmg of the words con- 
nect, deflect, inflect, and reflect, though often 
written, especially in England, connexion, deflex- 
ion, inflexion, and reflexion. 

The word woe, though often written without 
the final e, should retain it, like most other nouns 
of one syllable and of similar form : as, doe, foe, 
hoe, toe, and the like. Monosyllables other than 
nouns, and words of more than one syllable, hav- 
ing a similar termination, omit the e ; as, dh, go, 
no, so, canto, motto, potcUo. 

The words defense, expense, offense, and pre- 
tense are properly written thus, though often 
spelled with e instead of s, for the s belongs to 
the words from which they are derived, and is 
also used in all their derivatives. 

The words drought and height were formerly 
written drouth and hight, and are still very often 
thus written in America. 

The yerh practice is thus written like the noun, 
in preference to the form practise, though the 
latter spelling is used by many writers, especiaUy 
in England. The difference in spelling between 
the noun and the verb is properly observed, in 
words of this kind, only in such as are accented 
on the last syllable, as device^ devise. 

Derivatives of the Greek eSpa (seat, base, side ; 
pronounced hed^ra), as polyhedron, tetrahedron, 
octahedral, and the like, are properly thus writ- 
ten with h before the e of the termination, but 
are sometimes written polyedron, tetraedron, oc- 
taedral, etc., without the A. 

§ 28. There is a class of words beginning with 
en or in, as enclose or inclose, enquire or inquire, 
ensure or insure, and the like, many of which 
take either form of the prefix indifferently. They 
are chiefly derived from the Latin, either di- 
rectly or through the French, the prefix in be- 
longing to the formei' language, and en to the lat- 
ter. In some of these words, en is to be pre- 
ferred ; in others, in ; in many of them, either 
may be used indifferently. 

§ 29. There is a class of words ending in er, 
some of which are written by many authors with 
the termination re; as, center, m^er, theater, 
etc., which are often written centre, metre, the- 
atre, etc. Acre, chancre, lucre, nacre, massacre, 
and ogre, retain the termination re, in order to 
preserve the hard sound of the c and g. 

§ 30. There are two classes of chemical words 
ending respectively, as more commonly written, 
in ide and ine, in regard to which usage has been 
variable. Most of them were formerly written 
without the final e ; but it is now the almost uni- 

versal practice to retain it : as, bromide, iodide^ 
chlorine, fluorine, etc. The word tannin is al- 
ways written without the final e. Oxide is now 
generally written with, the termination ide, 
though formerly by many written oxyd, from the 
supposition that the y of the last syllable repre- 
sented the V of the Greek 6^v$, from which the 
word is derived ; whereas the last syllable is sim- 
ply the same as the termination of the words 
bromide, sulphide, and the like. 

§ 31. There is a class of words ending, as pro- 
nounced, with the sound of long t, followed by z, 
some of which are differently written, by differ- 
ent authors, with either ise or ize to represent this 
sound : as, criticize or criticise ; patronize or pa- 
tronise. These words are mostly verbs, and are 
chiefly derived from Greek words ending in t^<o, 
or from French words ending in iser or ise. 
Those formed from Greek words have the termi- 
nation ize ; as, anathematize, characterize, drama- 
tize, tantalize. The words catechise and exorcise 
are exceptions. Those formed in an analogous 
manner from English words are likewise written 
with ize: as, albumenize, memorize, sensitize. 
Those derived from the French Yerh prendre (par- 
ticiple pris or prise) end in ise : as, apprise, com- 
prise, emprise, enterprise, surprise. Of those 
formed from French words other than prendre, 
or which have corresponding forms intiie French, 
a majority end in ize, though in respect to some 
of them usage is variable : as, civtlize, satirize. 
The f oUowing are the principal English verbs end- 
ing in ise : namely, advertise, advise, affranchise, 
apprise, catechise, chastise, circumcise, comprise, 
compromise, criticise, demise, despise, devise, 
disenfranchise, disfranchise, disguise, divertise, 
emprise, enfranchise, enterprise, exercise, exor- 
cise, franchise, manumise, misprise, premise, 
reprise, revise, supervise, surmise, surprise. It 
may be remarked that most of those m respect 
to which usage varies are more frequently writ- 
ten in England with the termination ise, and in 
the United States with the termination Hee. 

§ 32. The words m^ld and molt, and their 
compounds and derivatives, are written in this 
Dictionary with o instead of ou, in analogy with 
the words bold, bolt, colt, gold, etc., from which 
the u has been dropped. Many authors, however, 
write these words mould and moult, and their de- 
rivatives in like maimer. 

§ 33. There is a numerous class of words al- 
most universally written, ip the United States, 
with the termination or, many of which are writ- 
ten, in England, with the termination our: as, 
candor, honor, labor, vigor. English usage, how- 
ever, is not uniform with respect to these words, 
many being written with or in English books. 

§ 34. There is a small class of words ending 
with the syllable ped (from Lat. pes, pedis, foot), 
the termination of some of which was formerly, 
and is still frequently, written pede: as, biped, 
centiped, mUliped, quadruped, soliped, etc. The 
words biped and quadruped are universally writ- 
ten without the final e, and the others, according 
to the best usage, should be written in the same 

' < ' ■ , 


a. atonda for . adjective. 

adv adverb. 

C. .... Centigrade. 

ooUoq. . . . colloquial. 

comp. . . . comparative. 

conj. . . . conjunction. 

corUr. . . . contracted, con- 

B. .... English. 

e. g. ... exempli gratia 
(for example). 

e»p. .... especially. 

F. .... French. 

/•tfem, . . feminine. 

Fahr, . . . Fahrenheit, 

/r. . . . . from. 

Q German. 

gen genitive. 

Or Greek. 

i.e id e«< (that is). 

imp. . . . imperfect. 

ina inmcative. 

inf. .... infinitive. 

interj. . . . interjection. 

It. .... Italian. 

L Latin. 

m.f mase. . . masculine. 

n noun. 

neut. . . . neuter. 

obs. .... obsolete. 

p participle. 

p. a, ... participial ad- 


pcus, . . . passive. 

pi. . 




R, . 

Sp. . 





participle past, 
participle pre» 




United States. 

. verb. 

. verb intransi- 
v.t., . . . verb transitive. 

*«* In the vocabulary, words from foreign languages, both ancient and modem, which have not 
become anglicised, are printed with two bars before them ; as, DA'qiia, llBag'a-telle', DForte. 

*«* Words which are to be written or printed with a hyphen between their components have this 
hyphen indicated by a mark longer and heavier than the short light hyphen used to indicate the 
division between unaccented syllables ; as, Ald'-dd-oamp', Bird'S'^eye^, OUok'eil-lieart'Od. 





A (S). The indefinite article, contracted from arif 
used before nouns singular beginning with a 
consonant sound ; any ; every ; one. 

A-lMUSk' (&-bSk'), adv. Backward ; by surprise ; 

Aya-ons (Sb^i-kfis), n. 
▲ counting frame; 
the uppermost mem- 
ber Of a pillar. 

A -baft' (i-bAftO, adv, Abaciu. 

& prep. Towaurd the stem ; astern. 

A-lian'OOn (&-bSn'd&n), v. t. To give up wholly ; 
to forsake. — A-1ian'dOlied (-dfind), a. Given 
up to vice ; corrupt ; wicked. — A-lian'don-er, 
n. — A-lian'don-ment, n. Entire desertion ; re- 

A-lMM' (A-bis'), V. t. To bring low ; to degrade ; 
to humble. — A-base'teent, n. 

A-tesh' (&-bSshOt V. t. To make ashamed ; to 
shame ; to confuse. — A-tesh'llLent, n. 

A-bate' (&-bat')t v. t. To diminish ; to lessen. '— 
V. i. To decrease ; to become less. — A-baf- 
a-bla, a. Capable of being abated. — A-bate'- 
mont, n. An abating ; decrease ; deduction. 

AVa-tla, AVat-tls (K. a/A-tls; F. k/\A/t^r), n. 
Branches of trees turned outwards as a barrier. 

A'battOlX' (A'b&VtwSr'), n. Slaughterhouse. 

AVba' (Sb'bA^), n. Father ; a religious superior. 

AbHUL-oy (Sb^bft-sf), n. Condition, rights, or priv- 
ileges of an abbot. — Ab-batlal (-ba'shal), a. 
Pertaining to an abbey. 

AVb6^ (&ba>&0> *»• [^0 An ecdesiaatic devoted 
to teaching, literature, etc. 

AVbOM (SlKbSs), n. Governess of a nimnery. 

AbHtoy (Sb'b]^), n. ; pi. Abbbts (-bTz). Monastery 
or convent. 

AVbOt (Sb'bttt), n. Head of a society of monks ; 
superior of an abbey. — AVbOt-sUp, n. Office 
of an abbot. 

Ab-bre'Yl-ate (Sb-brS'vT-at), v. t. To shorten ; to 
abridge; to condense. — Ab-bre'Yl-atiOll (-a'- 
shfin), n. A shortening ; contraction. — Ab- 
breM-a'tor (-a'ter), n. One who shortens. — 
Ab-breM-a-tO-IY (-A-tft-ry), o. Abbreviating. 

AVdl-oant (Sb'dT-kant), n. One who abdicates. 

AVdl-oate (Sb'dT-kSt), v. t. To relinquish ; to 
give up. — V. i. To give up an office. — AVdl- 
Oatlon (-ka'shfin), n. Abuidonment of office. 


Ab-dO^en (Sb^S'mSn), n. BeUy. — Ab-doml- 
nal (-dSm'I-nal), a. Pertaining to the abdomen. 

Ab-dnoe' (Sb^us')« v. t, [Abducbd (-dusf] ; Ab- 
DUGZN€»J To draw away.— Ab-dnot' (-afikf), 
V. t. To take away by force.— Ab-dno'tlflll 
(-diik'shttn), n. An abducing or abducting. 

A-beam' (&-bSmO> odv. On the beam ; in a line 
at right angles to the ship's length. 

A'be-oe-da'rf-aii (S^bt-sS-di'rT-an), n. A teacher 
or a learner of the a, b, c, or alphabet. 

A-bed' (&-bSdOt odv. In bed, or on the bed. 

AVw-ra'ttOll (Sb'fir-ril'shfin), n. A wandering 
from the right way. 

A-bot' (&-bSf ), f7. t. [Abkttbd ; ABvrnNo.l To 
encourage; to instigate; to incite. — A-D6t'- 
ment, n. An abettmg; support. — A-betHtTt 
-ttnr (-t8r), n. Instigator ; accessory. 

A-bey'anoe (A-bS^ons), n. state of suspense. 

Ab-hor' (Sb-h8r'), v. t. [Abhorbbd (-h8rd0 ; As* 
HORBiifO.] To regard with horror; to loathe; 
to detest. — Ab-borTrenoe (-hSr'rens), n. De* 
testation ; great hatred. — Ab-hor'ttnt (-h5r'' 
rent), a. Abhorring ; repugnant ; inconsistent. 

A-blde' (&-bidOt V. «. [Abodb (-b5d0 ; ABiDiNe.] 
To continue in a place; to dwell.— v. t. To 
await ; to endure ; to bear. 

AVl-gall (Sb^-gia), n. A lady^s waiting-maid. 

A-bil'l-ty (&-bTl^-t5^), n. Power; skiU ; pi. men- 
tal powers. 

AVJeot (Sb'jSkt), a. Mean ; base ; despicable. — 
n. One in a miserable state. — Ab-]eotlon 
( - j8k ' shfin), n. Baseness; low state. — AV' 

jeot-l7 (n/j&t-ij^), adv. — Ab']eo^ne88, n. 

AVJn-ra'tlon (Sb^tt-ra'shfin), n. An abjuring. 

Ab-Jnta-tO-ry (-ju'ri-ti-ij^), a. Containing or re- 
lating to abjuration. 

Ab-Juzi' (Sb-lur'), V. t. To renounce on oath ; to 
disclaim solemnly ; to recant. — Ab-Ju'er, n. 

AVla-tlT0 (Sb^lA-ti v), a. Taking away or remov- 
ing ; — applied to the sixth case of lAtin nouns. 

A-blazo' (A-blazO, adv. On fire ; highly excited. 

AHlle (a'b'l), a. Having power ; strong ; capable. 

— AOllyC-biyijarft;. 

Ab-ln'tlon (Sb-lu'shfin), n. A washing ; cleansing 

or purification. 
AV&e-gate (Sb'nS-gSt), v. t. To deny and reject. 

— AVne-jgatloll, n. Renunciation. 
Ab-nor^al (Sb-ndr'mal), a. Contrary to rule, 

&i e, 1, 5, a, long ; ft, 6, 1, tt, H. f^ short; senftte, dvent, tdea, Obey, finite, cAre, iirm, &8k, ^I, final, 
x8m, recent, 6rb, rude, f^, Am, ftfbd, foTot, out, oU, obair, go, sing, iQk, tlien, thin. 



law, or syBtem ; irregular. — All - BOOT ' flUd - l7t 
adv. — Ab-nor'nl-ty (-ml-ty ), n. 

A-board' (A-bSrdOi adv. In a veaael ; on board. 
^'prep. On b<Murd of. 

A-boae' (A-bSdOf imp. & p. p. of Abidk, v. i, & t. 
— n. State or place of rekidenoe ; dwelling. 

A-boFlsll (i-b51ash), V. t. To do away with ut- 
terly ; to annul ; to destroy. — A-bol'lSlHi-ble, 
a. — A-borish-mont, n. An abolishing. 

Ab^O-lltlon (Sb'A-lTsh'&n), n. Doing away with 
finally and forever ; — applied piuticularly to 
slavery. — Ab^O-lltlon-ist, n. One who favors 
abolition, esp. of slavery. 

A-bdml-na-bla (i-bSmT-nArbl), a. Worthy of ab- 
horrence; odious; hateful; ahoddng. — A-bom'- 
l-na-bly (-b»), adv. 

A-bom'l-nate (a-bSmT-nSt), v. t. To hate intense- 
ly ; to abhor. — A-bom'l-natlOB (-na'shfin), n. 
Aversion or loathing ; object of hatred and di»- 


AS'O-rlff'tlUd (Sb'ft-rTjOr-nal), a. First, original, 
or prunitive. — n. A first inhabitant. — AVo- 
rlg1-nM (-T-n8s), n. pi. Original inhabitants of 
a country. 

A-bor'tlon (i-bdr'ahttn), n. A miscarriage; thing 
which fails to come to maturity. 

A-bOl/tlTe (ft-bdr'tlv), a. Unsuccessful ; prema^ 

ture. — A-bor'tlye^ly, adv. — A-bor'tlye-iieM, n. 

A-bOund' (A-boundO» v.i. To be or to possess in 

A-bonV (&-boutOf prep. On every side of; 
through or over; near ; ready to ; touching. — 
adv. On all sides ; around ; nearly ; in an op- 
posite direction ; circularly. 

A-boye' (&-bfivO« prep. Higher than; more 
than. — a<2v. Overhead; in a higher place. — 
A-boyeHboard^ (-b5rdO) adv. Above the board 
or table ; not concealed ; without deception. 

Ab-nde' (Sb-rldO, V. t. To rub or wear off. — 
Ab-ra'8ion (-ra'zhtln), n. A scraping off. 

A-breast' (&-brSsf), adv. Side by side ; on a line. 

A-brldge' (A-brTjO) v. t. To make shorter ; to cut 
off ; to lessen. — A-brldE'ttent, n. A shorten- 
ing ; contraction ; work abridged or epitomized ; 
epitome; abstract; synopsis. 

A-broaoh' (il-brSch'), adv. In a condition to let 
out liquor, or to be diffused or propagated. 

A-broad' (&-brf(d'), adv. At large ; out of doors ; 
out of a country ; extensively ; astray. 

Ablro-gate (Sb'ro-gat), v. t. To annul ; to abolish ; 
to repeal. — AVro-gatiOll, n. An abrogating. 

Ab-rnpt' (Sb-rfipf ), a. Broken ; steep; sudden ; 
unceremonious. — Ab-mptly, adv. — Ab-mpt'- 
)ieS8, n. — Ab-rnp'tton (-H&p^sh&n), n. Violent 
separation of bodies. 

Ab'soesff (Sb'sSs), n. A tumor filled with pus or 
purulent matter. 

Ab-SOind' (Sb-sTndOf v. t. To cut off. — Ab-SCis'- 
Slon (-sTzh'Qn), n. A cutting off. 

Ab-SOOnd' (Sb-8k5nd'), v. i. To secrete one's self ; 
to steal away. — Ab-SOOnd'er, n. 

AVsenoe (Sb's^ns), n. State of being absent; 
destitution ; heedlessness. 

AVsent (Sb'sSnt), a. Not presoit in ; inatten- 
tive ; heedless. — AVsent-ly, adv. — Ab-sont' 
fSb-sSnt')} V. t. To keep away. — Ab^ssn-tee' 
(-sSn-te'), Ab-sent'er (Sb-sSnfer), n. One who 
absents himself ; a non-resident. 

AVso-lnte (XVsd-lfit), a. Unlimited ; certain ; 
peremptory ; despotic. — Ab ' 80 - lute - ly, adv. 
Positively ; arbitrarily. —AVso-lntO-ness, n. — 

AVao-lv'tlsni (-tTa'm), n. Absolute gorem- 
ment or its principles ; despotism. 

AVflO-ln^tton (Sb'si-lu'ahfin), n. An absolving. 

Ab-Ml'n-tO-ry (Sb-e51'd-t<-rf ), a. Absolving. 

Ab-solye' (Sb-s51v'), v. t. To set free from ; to 
pardon ; to acquit. 

Ab-aoilK (Sb-sOrbO, v. t. To drink in ; to suck 
up ; to swallow up ; to engross whoUy. — Ab- 
80tb'a-ble (-A-b'l), a. Capable of being ab- 
sorbed. — Ab-lorb'a-Ml'l-ty (-A^bllTt^), n. — 
Ab - BOlll ' ent, a. Sucking up ; imbibing. ^ n. 
Substance or bodilv organ which absorbs. 

Ab- Wirp'tion (Sb-sdrp'sh&n), n. An absorbing. 

— Ab-80xp^ye (-sdrp'tTv), a. Able to absorb. 

— Ab'aorp-ttyl-ty (-tTvT-ty), n. 
Ab-ltaln' (ab-BtSnOi v. i. To forbear ; to refrain. 
Ab-Ste'mi-Oiu (Sb-stS'mT-fis), a. Sparing in diet ; 

temperate ; abstinent — Ab-ltd'inl-GIUhly, adv. 

— Ab-sto'ml-oiu-neBS, n. 
Ab-sterge' (Sb-stSrj'), v. t. [Abstkrosd (-stSrjdO ; 

Abstkbgiho.] To dean by wiping ; to purify. — 

Ab-Ster'g«]lt(-st8r'jent),a. Serving to cleanse. 
Ab-Btane' (Sb-stSrs'), t;. t. To cleanse by wiping. 

— Ab-Star'alOll (-ster'shtln). n. A cleansing by 
lotions, etc. — Ab-Stei/alye (-sTv), a. Cleansing. 

Ab'Stl-nenoe (XystT-nens), n. An abstaining, 
esp. from indulgence of appetite. — Ab'SU- 
nent, a. Temperate. 

Ab-Stract' (Sb-strSkt'), V. t. To draw from or 
separiU« ; to consider bv itself ; to epitomize or 
reduce ; to purloui. — AVstraot (Sb'stiiQct), a. 
Distinct from something else; difBcult; ab- 
struse. — n. Inventory ; summary ; epitome. — 
Aystraot-ly (n/striCkt-lj^), adv. By itself; in a 
separate state. — Ab - Strao ' tlon (-strSk'shtln), 
n. *A separating ; idea of an abstract or theo- 
retical nature ; inattention to present objects ; 
a taking another's property for one's own use. 

— Ab-Strac/tlye (-strSk'tTv). a. Having power 
to abstract. — Ab-stract'ed (-striCkt'Sd), a. En- 
grossed in thought. — Ab-straot'0d-ly, adv. 

Ab-Stmse' (Kb-strusO, a. Hard to understand ; 

obscure. — Ab - strnso ' ly, adv. — Ab - fltnise ' - 

Ab-snrd' (Sb-sCtrdO> a. Opposed to manifest 
truth ; inconsistent with reason ; irrational ; ri- 
diculous. — Ab-snrdly, adv. — Ab-midlieai, 
Ab-SVrd'l-ty (-T-tj^), n. Quality of being absurd ; 
that which is absurd ; f oUy. 

A-bua'danco (A-btiu'dans), n. Oreat plenty; 
wealth ; affluence. — A-bun'dant, a. Fully suf- 
ficient; copious; ample. — A-bun'dant-ly, acfv. 

A-buso' (&-buz'), V. t. [Abussd (-buzd') ; Abus- 
ing.] To misuse ; to deceive ; to impose on. — 
A-bUSO' (-busOt »• 111 use ; corrupt practice or 
custom ; derision ; insult. — A-bn'uye (-bu'sTv), 
a. Containing abuse ; insolent. ~ A-bn'siye-ly, 
adv. — A-bn'slya-ness, n. 

A-bnt' (&-bttf ), V. i. To terminate or border 
upon ; to meet. — A-bufmont (-ment), n. That 
on which a thing abuts ; solid part of a wall, 
etc., which receives the pressure of an arch, etc 

— A-bnt'tal, n. Boundary of land. 
A-byss' (&-bTs'), n. Bottomless depth; gulf; 

hell, or the bottomless pit. — A-byss'al (ArbTs'- 
ol), A-bys'mal (A-bTz'mal), a. Bottomless ; 
A-oad'e-my (A-kSd't-m)^), n. School or seminary, 
ranking between common school and college ; 
a society for learned pursuits. — Ao'a-dem'iO 
(Sk^A-dgmTk), Ao'a-dem'lc-al, a. Belonging 

fti 5y I, S, II, long ; &, 6, 1, tt, il, f, abort ; senftte, Svent, tdea, 6bey , finite, c&re, llrm, ask, f^ll, final, 



to aa liutitation of learning. — AlKa-dflm'iOf n. 

Student in a college or nniveraity. — Ac'a-dSllL'- 

to-al-ly, adv. — Ao^a-de-ml'cian (Sk'ft-di-mTsh'- 

an), n. Member of a society for promoting arts 

and sciences. 
AlHtede' (Sk-s6dO» v. i. To agree ; to become a 

party to (an agreement, etc.) ; to be added to. 
Ao-cerer-ftte (u-s81'3r-at), v. t. To quicken the 

action of; to expedite. — Ao-oel'er-atloil, n. 

Increase of motion or action. — Ao-cel'er-a- 

tive (-sBi'Sr-^.tTv), Ao-oerar-a-to-ry (-A-tft-ry), 

a. Quickening motion. 

Ao'cent (Sk'sSnt), n. Modulation of voice ; stress 
laid upon some syllable ; mark used to regulate 
pronunciation, express magnitude, etc. — Ao- 
oent' (Sk-sfinf), V. t. To mark with accent. — 
Ao-oontn-al (-sSn'ttt-al), a. Rehiting to accent 
->Ao-Ofln'tll-ate, (-at), v. t. To mark with ac- 
cent. — Ao-C«n't11-atl01l (-a'shtbi), n. An ac- 
centing; stress. 

AOHWpf (Sk-a8pf ), V. t. To receive ; to admit ; to 
subscribe to and become liable for. — Ao-CVpfOX, 
n. — Ao - oept 'a - We, a. Worthy of being ac- 
cepted ; pleaidng to a receiver ; welcome ; grati- 
fying. — Ac-cept'a-llle-ness, Ao-oept^a-liil'l-ty 
(-s8pV*pbT11-^), n.— Ao-oepra-UTt adv.— Ao- 
oapt'anco, n. An accepting ; favorable recep- 
tion ; assent to pay a bill of exchai^e when due ; 
bill itself when accepted.— Ac'cep-ta'tloil (-s8p- 
tS'shttn), n. Acceptance ; meaning ; sense. 

AlHmia' (Sk-aSs' or Sk'sfis), n. Approach ; ad- 
mission; increase. 

Ao-oes'sa-ry (Sk-^&^sfi-rj^), a. Additional; ac- 
cessory.— n. One who accedes to an offense 
without perpetrating it. 

Ao-oesB^l-ble (Sk-sfisn-b'!), a. Easy of access; 
approachable. — Ao-cess'l-llil'l-ty (-T-bTlT-tj^), 
n. Quality of being approachable. 

Ac-CM^sion (Sk-a8sh'tln), n. An acceding to; 
increase; addition. 

Ao-ces'ao-ry (Sk-sSs'sft-rj^), a. Aiding ; contrib- 
uting ; accompanying. — n. One guQt^ of a fe- 
lonious offense, though not present at its perpe- 
tration ; an accompaniment. — Ao'ces-BO'rl-al 
(-sSs-sS'rT-al), a. Pertaining to an accessory. — 
Ao-ces'flo-rl-ly (-sSs'si-rl-iy ), adv. 

Ac'Ol-dence (Sk'si-dens), n. Book of rudiments 

Afi'Ol-dait (Sk'sY-dmt), n. Event proceeding from 
an unknown cause, or one not expected ; chance ; 
mishap. — Ao'ol-dflntal (-dSn'tal), a. Happen- 
ing by chance ; not necessarily belonging ; cas- 
ual; fortuitous; incidentaL — n. Casualty. — 
Ao'ol-den'tal-ly, adv. 

Ao-dalm' (Sk-kISm<), V. t. [ AcoxJJMSO (-klSmd^) ; 
AooLAiHiNo.] To honor with appUuue ; to sa- 
lute. — Ac-clialm^ Ao ' cla - ma ' tlon (-kii-mS'- 
ahttn), n. Shout, expressive of assent, choice, or 
approbation. — Ao-olam'a-to-ry (-kltn/i-td-ij^), 
a. Expressing applause. 

Ac-Cll'mate (Sk-kll'mSt), v. t. To lufbituate to a 
climate not native. — Ao^oll-matloil (-klT-ma'- 
ahfin), n. Process or state of being acclimated. 

Ao-Oll'ma-tlze (Sk-k]ym&-tiz), v. t. To acclimate. 

Ao-OllY'l-ty (Sk-klTv^-tJ^), n. Ascending slope ; 
rising ground ; ascent. — Ao-cll'VOlUl (Sk-kli'- 
vlis), a. Rising with a dope, as a hill. 

Ao-OOmrmo-date (Sk-kSm'knS-dat), V. t. To ren- 
der fit; to adapt; to furnish with something 
desired or convenient ; to reconcile. — Ao-OOBl'- 
rtbkg (-da-tIng), a. Affording accommo- 

dation; kind; obliging. — Ao-OQUl'lllD^t'tlat 
(Sk-k5m' mi-da 'shfin), n. Supply of convene 
iences; fitness ; reconciliation ; a loan of money. 

Ao-oom'pa-ny (UE-kfim'pi-ny), v. t. To go with ; 
to attend. — AG-C0m'pa-]ll8t, n. MusiosJ per- 
former who takes the accompanying part. — Ao- 
OOm'pa-lli-Illflllt (-nT-ment), n. That which ac- 
companies or Im added for ornament. 

Ao-oom'pllce (8k-k5m'plls), n. Associate in 

Ac-oom'pllsll (Sk-kSm'plTsh), v. t. To finish en- 
tirely ; to bring to pass ; to fulfill — Ao-oom'- 
pllued (-plTsht), a. Complete and perfected. 

— Ao-oomlillall-lllflnt, n. An accomplishing; 
acquirement; attainment. 

Ac-OOinpt'ant (Sk-kounf ant), n. Accountant. 

AG-C(ffd'(Sk-kDrd'),n. Agreement; consent; con- 
cord. — V. U To harmonize ; to concede. —v. i. 
To be in accordance ; to agree. — Ao-oord'anoo 
(-kdrd'ans), n. Agreement; conformity. — Ao- 
cord'ant, a. Corresponding; agreeable.— Ao- 
cord'ant-ly, adv. — Ac-cord1nf , a. In luu> 
mony with ; suitable. — Ao-OOrd'lOg-ly* adv. 

Ao-cox'dl-on (Sk-k8r'dT-un), n. A musund wind 
instrument, played 
by keys and bellows. 

A0-OO8t' (8k-kdst0, 
V, t. To address; 
to speak first to. 

II Ao-ocnche'mait (&k- 
kddsh'mto), n. fF.] Accordion. 

Delivery in childbed. 

Ao-counr (Sk-kountOt n. A reckoning ; compu- 
tation; statement; explanation; profit; value. 

— V. t. To reckon ; to compute ; to estimate ; to 
regard. — v. i. To render an account or a rea- 
son ; to constitute a reason (for an occurrence, 
etc. ). — Ao-ooii]it'a-1)le> a. Liable to be called 
to account ; responsible. — AtHMIIIlLfa-llle-neBSf 
Ac-oonnVa-bU'l-ty (-bli'T-ty), n.— Ao-oonnf- 
ant, n. One skilled in accounts. 

Ao-oon'ple (Sk-kHp'p'l), v. f. [Agcouflbd; Ao- 
couPLiNo.] To couple; to join together; to 

Ao-ccnter, Ao-contre (Xk-k5o'tSr), v. t. To 

furnish with dress, equipage, or equipments ; to 

equip. —Ao-oontw-ments, Ao-con^re-ments, 

n. pi. Dress; equipage; trappings. 

Ac-crod'lt (Sk-krgdTt), v. t. To give credit to ; 
to furnish with credentials. 

Ac-cres'oent (Sk-krSs'sent), a. Growing; in- 

Ac-ore'tlon (Sk-krS'shOn), n. A growing to or 
together ; increase. — Ao-OTO'ttydf a. Increas- 
ing by growth. 

JLo-crne' (Sk-kruO* v. i. To arise ; to be added ; 
to follow ; to increase. 

Ao-ClimlMnt (Sk-kSmlient), a. Leaning; re- 

Ao-cn'mil-late (Sk-ku'mti-lat), v. t. To heap up 
in a mass ; to pile up ; to collect.— v. t. To in- 
crease greatly. — Ao-on'mn-la'tor, n. — Ao-ou'- 
mn-la'tlon, n. An accumulating ; mass ; heap. 

— AG-cn'mn-la-tlye, a. Gausii^ accumulation. 
Ao'on-rate (Sk'kfi-r&t), a. In conformity to truth ; 

free from error ; correct ; precise. — Ao'Oll- 
rate-ly, adv.— Ao'cn-ra-cy, Ao^cn-rate-nesa, n. 
Ac-cniSO' (Sk-kfirsO« v. t. To devote to destruc- 
tion ; to curse. — Ao-cnr'sad, p. p. (Sk-kfirsf) 
& a. (•kfirs'ed). Doomed to misery; detest- 
able; execrable. 

tinii NOffit, 6rb| rude, fyll, Ami fdikU fdbt, ooti ollt ohalr^ goi dnst l]|k| tbmx% thin. 



Afl-eiLM' (Sk-kuzO, V. t. To charge with crime ; 
to censure. — Ao ' on - sa ' tion (-ktt-zS'sh&n), n. 
An accusing ; charge of crime. — Ac-on'sa-ttve 
(-ku'z&-trT), a. Producing or containing accusa- 
tions. — n. A case (of the direct object) of nouns 
in grammar. — Ac-CU'sa-tO-xy (-ku'z&-t^-rj^), a. 
Containing accusation. — Ao-GU'Wi n. 

Ao-OluKtoin (Sk-k&s'tfim), V. i. To make familiar 
by use ; to habituate. —AlHnLi'tom-ft-ry (-i-r3^)t 
a. UsuaL 

Aoo (as), n. Single point on a card or die ; very 
small quantity ; atom. 

A-cerda-ma (&-BSl'd&-m&), n. Field of blood. 

A-ceph'a-lons (&-B8f '&-l&s), a. Without a head. 

A-oerb'l-^ iks&Tnyf-tf), n. Sourness of taste ; 
harshness ; bitterness ; severitPir. 

A-ces'COnt (A-sfis'sant), a. Tummg sour ; readily 
becoming acid. — A- oes ' cen - cy (-sSn-i^),' n. 
Tendency to sourness. —Ac'e-tate (Ss'l-tat), 
n. A salt formed by acetic acid united to a 
base. — A-oe^O (A-sS'tTk or -setTk), a. Hav- 
ing the properties of vinegar. — A-OVvi-tf (-sfif- 
T-fi), V. i. To turn into acid or vin^iar. — 
A-GOt'l-fi-catLoil, n. A making sour ; operation 
of making vinegar. — A -00 'tons (-se'ttLs), a. 
Sour ; causing acetification. 

Aohe (ak), v. i. [Ached (akt) ; Achino.] To be 
in pain. — n. Continued pain. 

A-OlllOVO' (&-chev'), V. t. To do ; to accomplish. 
— A-cUeye'mont, n. Performance ; feat ; deed. 

Aoh'ro-maVio (Sk^ri-mXt^k), a. Free from 

Aold (SsOfd), a. Sour ; sharp ; having the taste 
of vin^ar. — n. A sour substance ; substance 
by which salts are formed. — A-cld'l-ty (&HsTd'- 
Y-tJ^), Ao'ld-ness, n.— A-old'n-late (&-sTd'u- 
lat), V. t. To make slightly acid. — A-Old'11-l0118 
(-Itts), a. Slightly sour.— A-cld1-ty (A-sTd'- 
i-fl), V. t. To convert into acid.— «. t. To 
become acid. — A-cid'l-fl/a-blO (-T-fl'A-b'l), a. 
Capable of being acidified. — A-Cld'1-fi-oa'tlOll 
(-fT-ka'shttn), n. An acidifying. 

Ao-knowl'edge (Sk-n51'Sj), v. t. To own ; to c<»i- 
fess; to avow; to concede. — Ao-knowl'odg- 
mont, n. The owning of a thing ; avowal ; 

Ao'me (Sk'mt), n. Highest point ; crisis. 

ACo-lyte (Skr$.Ht), Ao'o-lyth (-ITth), n. Compan- 
ion ; associate ; an inferior church servant. 

Ao'0-nlte (8k'i-nit), n. Wolfsbane, a poison. 

A'oom (a'kiSm), n. Seed or fruit of an oak. 

A-OOt'^T-le'don (A-kSt^T-le'dfin), n. Plant having 
no seed lobes, or cotyledons. — A-OOt^y-lod'on- 
ons (-ISd'fin-fis), a. Having no seed lobes, or 
such as are indistinct. 

A-COna'tlc (A-kous^- or A-koos'tTk), a. Pertain- 
ing to the ears, sense of hearing, or doctrine of 
sounds. — A-OOna'tlCS, n. Science of sound. 

Ao-linalnt' (Sk-kwanf ), V. t. To make familiar ; 
to inform. —Ao- quaint 'anoe, n. Familiar 
knowledge; person or persons well known. — 
Ac - qnamt ' anco - aUp, n. State of being ac- 

Ao ' qnl - OSOe' (Sk ' kwT - 8s 0* v. i, [ACQUIBSCBD 
(-Ssf); AcQmBsciNO (-Ss'sing).] To rest sat- 
isfied, or without opposition ; to assent ; to com- 
ply. — Ao'iini-ei'oenoe (-Ss's^ns), n. Silent 
assent or submission. — Ac'linl-es'oont, a. Sub- 
mitting ; disposed to submit. 

Ao-(inir^ (Sk-kwirOi V. t. To gain ; to obtain ; to 
secure. — Ao-qnlr'a-ble, a. Capable of being 

acquired.— Ao-«nira'mont, Ao'gni-Bl'tloii 

(-kwl - zTsh ' fin), n. An acquiring; thing ac- 
quired ; gain. 

Ao - qnis ' i - ttve (Sk-kwTzT-tTv). a. Disposed to 
make acqtusitions. — Ac-qnis'l-ttye-ly, adv.— 
Ao-onis'l-tlyo-nesa, n. 

AO-qnlf (Sk-kwlf), V. t. [AcQUiTTBD ; AcQunv 
Tisro.] To set free ; to release ; to discharge ; 
to clear ; to absolve ; to conduct (one's self). . ' 
AO-qnit'tal (-tal^, n. Formal release from a 
charge. — A(Hinittanoe (-tans), n. An acquit- 
ting or discharging from debt ; a receipt. 

A'oro (SncSO) n. Tract of 160 square rods. 

Ao'lld (Sk'rid), n. Of biting taste ; sharp ; pun- 
gent. — Ao'rld-noss, n. 

Ao'H-niO-ny (Sk'rT-ms-nj^), n. Sharpness or se- 
verity (of language or temper) ; asperity. — Ao'- 
li-mo'ni-ons (-mo^nT-fis), a. Sarcastic; severe; 
bitter. — Ac^n-mo'M-ona-ly, adv. 

Ao'ro-bat (Sk'r^-bSt), n. Onewho practices high 
vaulting, rope dancing, etc. — Ac'ro-bat'lo, a. 

A-oroi/0-liS (A-krSp'd-lis), n. Citadel or castle. 

A-oroas' (ft-krSs'), prep. From side to side of ; 
athwart ; over. —adv. Crosswise. 

A-croa'tlo (A-krCs'tTk^, n. Poem in which certain 
letters in each line form a name or a sentence. 
— A-oro8tlc-al-ly, adv. 

Aot (Skt), V. t. To perform ; to do ; to feign ; to 
play. — v. i. To exert power ; to be in motion ; 
to do. — n. A deed; action; exploit; division 
of a phiy.— Ao'tor (Sk'tSr), n. —Ao'treaa 
(-trSs), n. Female actor or stage player. — Ao'- 
ttim (Sk'shfin), n. Thing done ; deed ; conduct ; 
sesture ; battle ; law suit. — Ao ' tlon - a - blo 
(-&-b'l), a. Adznitting an action at law. — Ao'- 
tlon-a-1ily, adv. 

Ac'tlve (Sktiv), a. Having or communicating 
action or motion ; energetic ; busy ; transitive. 

— Ae'ttYO-ly, adv. — AxKtlye-nesa, Ao-ttvl-ty, 
(-tTv'T-ty), n. 

Ao'tor, Ao'tFOas, n. See under Act, v. t. 

Ao'tn-al (Sk'tS-al), a. Existing in act ; real ; cer- 
tain; present. — Aotn-al-ly, adv. — Ao'tn-al- 
neas, Ac'tn-al'i-ty (-SlT-ty), n. state of being 
actual. — Aotn-al-izo, v. t. To make actual. 

Aotn-a-ry (Sk'tfi-a-rj^), n. A registrar ; clerk. 

Ao'tn-ate (Sk'tn-at), v. I. To put into action; 
to impel ; to animate. 

A-on1e-ate (A-kul£-&t), a. Having sharp points ; 

A-on'mon (A-ku'm&i), n. Quickness of percep- 
tion ; shrewdness ; discernment. — A-cn'ml- 
nate (-mT-nat), V. t. To render sharp or keen. 

— V. t. To come to a sharp point. — a. Having 
a long tapering point. — A-on'ml-nation, n. A 
sharpening; termination in a point ; quickness. 

A-cnt^ (&-kutOt <>• Sharp ; shrewd ; keen ; high 
or shrill. — A-onto'ly, adv. — A-onto'noaa, n. 

Ad'age (Sd'aj), n. Saying ; maxim ; proverb. 

llA-da'glO (A-dS'jft), a. [It.] Slow; moving 
slowly. — adv. Slowly ; — a musical term. — n. 
A piece of music in adagio time. 

Ad'a-mant (Sd'A-mSnt), n. Stone of impenetrable 
hardness; diamond. — Ad'^a-man-tO'an (-mSn- 
te'an), Ad'^a-man'tlne (-mSn'tTn), a. Extremely 

A-dapt' (&-dSptO« V. t. To make fit or suitable. — 
A-dapt'a-ble, a. Capable of being adapted. — 
A-dapra-Ul'l-tT, A-dant'a-ble-ness, n.— Ad'- 
ap-tation (Sd^ap-tS'shon), n. An adapting; 

&, 5, 1, 5, 0, long ; &, £, I| 5, ii, j^, diort ; M&Ate, dventi tdea, bbey, fliiite, cAxe, iUm, &ak, al^ 

(-di). [L.] A thing to bs wldsd. 
Ad'dn (M'dBr), n. A venomoui wmot ; ■ viper. 
AU'l-bll (Kd'dl-b'l), n. CsTuble of Ming added, 

-■ "llf), V- I. To upply h.bitu^j; 

— Ad^aillftd-uiu, Ad-dlo'tm 

Ai-iiaV ISd-OJW] 

.D adiing thJnga to- 

aitll»«],<(. Add 


jr(ia-iMi^).v.l. [Addbbmd l-drtttO ; 

-OBUBBIBO.] Tomahareidj; tospmk ot ^)- 
plv to : to direct (a letter or ■ petltloa) i V> 
voo.— n. AnippUcalloD! speUtloDi kdlno 
tiaa(r>( ■ letter, etc.); ikill; Cut) eouitablp, 

— URLially lapL 

A4illl»' (SdJusT, V. I. [Adduom) (.dilBt')l 
AiiDDCiiro(-du'iTngl.] To brinif lormrd or 
oRet i to Bllege. - AaSn'omt {-du'mt), a. 
Brmgmg forward or togothor. — Afl-Jn'd-bl* 

S<I-b'l), a. Capable oF being adduced.— Ad- 
Bdtlail f-dKk'Bhtln), n. A hrmglng forward. — 

- ■ •—~in MKk'tlV), o. BHialng forward. 
dSptO.n. OnsiUlledinniyart.— a. 


AO-lB'ltwta lld-jE'dl-kit}, 1. 1. 
bylaw; to adjudge. — Ad-JVU-Mllom, : 

Ad'|UllIt'(Id'JBiikf).n. Sometbing joioed to 
otber thine ; a'coUeafoe. ^ a. Added or uoil 
— Ad-|uiC'ttan(-mnh'>haD}, n. A jolni 
tlungirfiied.—Ad-iimo'tlTB !-«•), a. Hai 
the quality of JouUiig. ^n. Ooa wbo, or- 1 
wblch, ia jolniid. 

Al-lni*' (Sd-iiii'), v. I. [Adjubid {-jurd') ; 

Aa'jB-ntloii (U/]ft-rI'ahlln),' 

Ad-liut' (M-jnaCa e'. 1. To m> 

Httle ; to' at ; to rwuhOe ; to' 
Ad-luFn, iL - id- hut'- 
■-bU, a. OuMUe of being 
■djiuted. — lii-lut'nim^ 
n. Ad adjiuting; an mx- 
msenunti a aettlement. i 
Ad'la-tUlt (M'ja-tant}, »./ 
A military officer wbo b»< 

?^2B-tul-07 T-S 


- Aa-in«u'tir»-m«nt, n 

A4nf (lUUptO. n. OnsiUUedinwyart.— a. HelpirigiH 

Ad'e-auMCId't-kwtt), a. Fully ntffli^eiit ; 

equal, pn^wriioiiato, OF cormporHlBDt; eeougb; 

requiifte.— Ad'«.ailRt»-lT. adv.— Ad'»-an«-<l7 

(-kw*-^}, AVt^uM-BMl, n. 
Ad-haf (Sd-h5r'), v. i. [Adhkbk) (-hSrd') ; Ad- 

buihbJ To stick Ian; to cleare ; to cling; . Aanun'an-ratlan (id-mBa'shv- 

to be attached or deT(ited. — A(l-1in'uu>t(4nu), ' Heaaureraent. 

At-'ktt'tM-Ct (■<n-4f}. "■ QuaUty or Uate of Ad-nlnla-ter (ftd-mln^t-Cic). v. ' 

■dbeiingi atoady attachment. —Ad-lnr'aiit, a. " — '■ '- ■■■ i^— .:— i 

ttnltedwithorto; Btlcking.— n. Ode who ad- 

AO-hti'Bnt-lT, lufv.— Ad^f^ (-hS'ihnn)', n. 
A atlcUng, or being attached. —A4-h»'»lT» 
(JiS'riv), a. Sticky; lenaciona. — Al-H'- 
«|T«-Iy, adv. — Ad-ho'llTC-iwu, n. 
Ad-hoi^tft^rT (Id-ber'ti-tJ-r;), a. Contaiolng 

A-Uan' (i-dii'), wlv. Good-by; fanwell. — n. 


^UlMIl), n. A horUontal sntnioce Into a 

Ad-la'otBt <td-j£'i«nt), a. Lying near ; contlgu- 
Dua.— Ad-|a'»«l-cy(4n»^},B. Stateofbelng 

Adli^thf (id-jek-tl.), 

AO-loln' (Id-ioln'), V. . 

lo.] ■; 

word u«d to de- 

[ADjomn C - Joli 

m' (id-iam'), f . /. [Ad, 
iDssiNa.] To put olr tt 




tJne, — 'Ad-lotmi'iiunt, n. 

[AnjDDOm {-Jllid') ; 
or decree JudlclaUy ; to 

„ - -,, - "■(an 

istrator. — Aa-mlll'U-to'- 

ble of being administered. — Ad-mliL'li-trut 
(-trout], 1. Execntlre.— n. One who adminLb 
tera. — Ad-mU'la-tntlaii (-tri'itaOn), n. An 
AdmiDiBteTing; executive part of goremment. 
-.Al-mla1a-tn'tln(-mTDl>-trS^T),a. Ad. 
mlDJBterlng. — Ad-mlltU-tntOT i-tSt), n. One 
who admiidat«ra (eap. an intestate eotate). — 
Aa-mla1*.tnitOT-(Ul, t- Office of admlnla- 
trator, — Ad-nln'li-tM'trlX (-trlki),n. A 

Ad'nil-ni-blB, etc. Bee under Aduu. «. (. 

Ad'ml-ni (»d'iDt-rnl)), n. A naval officer of high- 
est rank. — Ad'ral-nl-alilp. n. OScH of an 
admiral. —AlTBtMl-ty (-»), B. A body of 

°''"""'"""°" [ADKMD(-mIrd')i Ad- 

rnr,Hn: — Ad-igll'a . R. 

h'i), a. Worthy of 

Al-mli*' (Id. 

— Atml-Mllttn (M'ml-ra' 

' ■ - delightful. 


C, 6Tb, rf|de, f^ On, ftfM, Wbi, oat, oU, cbalr, go, daf, ink, then, tblo. 




aooesB. — Ad-mls'sl-Ue (-mTB'Bl-bM), a. 
Proper to be admitted. — Ad-inls^Bl-llil'l-ty, n. 
AA-maf (Sd-mlksO, v. t. To mingle (with some- 
thing elsey. — Ad-mlxtlon (-mika'chfin), n. ▲ 
mingling. — Ad-mlx'tnre (-t(ir), n. A mixing ; 
a compound formed by mixing. 
AArinon'ialL (Sd-m5n'Ish), V. t. [ADMOinaHBD 
(-laht) ; Admomishino.] To reprove gently ; to 
caution ; to warn ; to advise. — Ad-mon'islL-er, 
n.— Ad^mo-nl'tlOll (-mi-nTsh'fiu), n. Gentle 
reproof ; advice. — Ad-mon'1-ttye (-mSnT-tlv), 
Ad-moil'l-tO-ry i'tt-if)^ a. Containing admo- 
Ad'nate (fid^nSt), a. Growing close to (a stem, 

A-dO' (&-d5o0t n. Bustle ; trouble ; fuss. 
llA-doHM (&rd5'b&), n. Unbumt, sun-dried brick. 
Ad'G-les'cent (fid^d-lSs'sent), a. Growing; ad- 
vancing from childhood to manhood. — Ad'G- 
les'oence (-s^ns), n. Youth. 
A-dlOPt'(&-d5pf), V. t. To take as one's own 
(when not so before). — A-doptlon (&-d5p'- 
shfin). n. An adopting ; state of being adopted. 
— A-dop^ve (-tlv), a. Adopted ; adopting. 
A-dore' (ardSr^), v. L [Ado&bd (-dSrd') ; Adob- 
IMO.] To worship with profound reverence; 
to love in the highest degree; to venerate. — 
A-dor'w, n. — A-der'a-llle, a. Worthy of ado- 
ration. —A-dor'a-bld-ness, n. — A-dor'a-Uy, 
adv. — Ad'o-ratlon (Sd ' 6 - r5 ' shiin), n. Wor- 
ship ; homage ; great reverence. 
A-dom' (i-d8rn'), v. t. [Adorned (-dCmd'); 
Adobnino.] To render beautiful ; to decorate ; 
to embellish ; to ornament. — A-dmi'lllflllt, n. 
Ornament; embellishment. 
A-dOWn' (i-doun'), prep. Down; toward the 

ground.— a<2i;. Downward. * 
A-dzUt' (&^rlft0, a. & adv. Floating at ran- 
dom ; at large. 
A-drelt' (&-droitOf a. Skillful; dexterous; in- 
genious. •— A-dreltly, adv. — A-droit'nuui, n. 
Ad'SCl-tl'tlollB (Sd/sT-tlsh'iis), a. Supplemental; 

Ad'n-lation (Sd/u-IS'shttn), n. Servile flattery ; 
compliment. — Ad'n-la'tor (Sd'd-lSaSr), n. A 
sycophant.— Ad'll-Ul-tO-ry(-li-tft-ry), a. Flat- 
A-dult' (&-dtUf), a. Having arrived* at mature 
years, or to full size and strength. —n. One 
grown to maturity. 
A-dnl'ter-ate (&-diil'ter-at), v. t. To debase or cor- 
rupt by mixture. — a. Tainted with adultery ; 
spurious ; corrupted. — A-dul'tW-ant, n. One 
who, or that which, adulterates. — A-dnl'ter-a'- 
tlon (&-dQFtSr-a'shiin), n. An adulterating. — 
A-dnl'ter-er (-d&l'tSr-Sr), n. A man guilty of 
adultery. — A-dul'ter-ess, n. A woman who 
commits adultery. — A-dnl'ter-ine (-Tn or -In), 
a. Proceeding from adultery. — n. An illegit- 
imate child. — A-dnl'ter-ons (-&s), a. Pertain- 
ing to, or guilty of, adultery. — A-dnl'ter-y (-y), 
n. Violation of the marrii^^e bed. 
Ad-nmninrate (Sd-fim'brat), v. t. To shadow 
faintly forth; to typify. —Ad' nm- bra' tlon 
(-bra'shlin), n. A shadow ; faint resemblance. 
A-dnn'ol-ty (&-diin'sT-tj^), n. A bending in form 

of a hook. 
A-dnst' (ft-dHsf ), a. Burnt or scorched. 
Ad-vance' (Sd-v&ns'), v. t. [Advanced (-v&nsf ) ; 
ADVANdNQ (-vAn'sIng).] To bring forward ; to 
raise to a higher rank; to help on; to offer 

(aramments or inducements) ; to mepi^j before- 
hand. —v. i. To move forward; to improve; 
to rise in rank, office, or consequence. — n. A 
moving forward ; an offer ; a gift. — a. Before 
in place or time. — Ad-Yano^&lflllt, n. An ad- 
vancing ; improvement ; promotion ; payment 
of money in advance. 

Ad-yan'tage (Sd-v&n'ttj), n. Favorable circum- 
stances ; superioritv ; benefit ; profit. — v. /. 
[Advantaged (-tijd).; Advantaoino (-tt-jTng).] 
To benefit ; to promote. — Ad ' van - ta ' geoiu 
(Sd'van-ta'jtts), a. Being of advantage ; useful ; 
beneficial. — Ad'Yan-ta'geoilS-ly, adv. — Ad'- 
yan-ta'geoiis-ness, n. 

Ad'YOnt (Sd'vfint), n. A coming ; esp., the com- 
ing of Christ; season of four weeks before 

Ad'ven-tltioilB (Sd'vSn-tTsh'lis), a. Added ex- 
trinsically; not essentially inherent; acciden- 
tal; casual.— Ad'YODrtltlOlia-ly, adv. 

Ad-Yflntlire (Sd-v6n'tur), n. An extraordinary 
event; bold undertaking; risk; chance. —v./. 
[Adventttbed (-turd) ; Adventubino.] To put 
at hazard ; to risk ; to run the risk of attempting. 
— V. i. To try the chances ; to dare. — Ad-YOn'- 
tnr-er, n. — Ad-Yan^tnre-sonie (-silm), Ad-Yon'- 
tni-ons (-Us), a. Inclined to adventure ; daring ; 
enterprising ; attended with risk. 

Ad'Ytfb (Sd'vSrb), n. A word used to modify a 
verb, adjective, or other adverb. — Ad-YOr'- 
M-al (-vera)T-al), a. Belatii^ to or like an ad- 
verb. — Ad-Yeinbl-al-ly, adv. 

Ad'Yerse (Sd'vSrs), a. Acting in a contrary di- 
rection; conflictmg; contrary to the wishes; 
unfortunate; calamitous. — Ad'YWSO-ly, adv. 
— Ad'Yene-neas, n.— Ad'Yer-sa-ry (Ed'ver-s4- 
ij^), n. One hostile or opposed ; an antagonist ; 
an enemy ; a foe. —a. Adverse ; antagonistic. 
— Ad-Yer'sa-tlYe (Sd-vSr'si-tIv), a. Express- 
ing contrarietv, opposition, or antithesis. — n. 
A word denotmg opposition. — Ad - Yer ' sl - ty 
(-ver'sY-tj^), n. Adverse circumstances ; calam^- 
ity ; affliction ; distress. 

Ad-Yert' (5d-vSri/), v. i. To turn the mind or at- 
tention ; to refer ; to regard ; to observe. — Ad- 

Yert'ence (-^ns), Ad-Yert'en-cy (-«n-By), ». 

Attention; regu?d; consideration. — Ad-Y6rt'- 
ont, a. Attentive ; heedfuL 

Ad'YW-tlse' (Sd'vSr-taz' or Sd'vSr-tazO, v. t. & i. 
[Advebtised (-tizd' or -tizd');, Adyeetisino 
(-tiz'Ing or -ta'zing).] To give notice or intel- 
ligence to ; to make known through the press. 
— Ad-Yor'tlse-ment (Sd-vSr'tTz-m«ntor Sd'vSr- 
tiz'meut), n. Information ; notice through the 
press. — Ad'YW-tls'er, n. 

Ad-Yloe' (Ed-vis'), n. Opinion offered as worthy 
to be followed ; counsel ; notice ; admonition. 
— Ad-Ylae' (Ed-viz'), v. t. [Advised (-vizd'); 
Advibino.] To give advice to; to counsel; 
to apprise ; to warn ; to inform ; to consult ; 
to consider. —V. i. To deliberate; to weigh 
well. — Ad-Yls'er, n. — Ad-Yls'a-bl« (-viz'-&- 
b'l), a. Fit to be advised or to be done ; expe- 
dient. — Ad-Yl8'a-W»-ll6iS, Ad-YlB'a-bU'l-ty 
(-A-bllT-ty), n.— Ad-YlB'ed-ly (-vi'zSd-iy^, 
adv. With full knowledge; purposely. — Ad- 
Yls'ed-ness, n. — Ad-Ylse'Bient (-loz'mcnt), n. 
Counsel ; deliberation ; consideration. — Ad-Yl'- 
SO-ry (-vi'zft-ry), a. Having power to advise ; 
containing advice. 

Ad'YO-oate (Sd'vd-kat), n. One who pleads for 

», e, I« o, O, long ; &, d» if 5, ii, ft short ; senAte, dvent, tdea, 6bey, tUiite, cAre, i&rm, ask, {|11, final, 





motAer. — v. t. To plead in favor of ; to main- 
tain by argument ; to defend ; to vindicate. — 
Ad'VO-oa-G7 (-k«.s3^), Ad'YlHUi'tlon (-kS^ahttn), 
n. An advocating or pleading. 
Ad'YOW-ee' (Sd'vou-S'), n. One who has the 
right of advowson. — Ad-TOW'SOn (-vou'zQn or 
HBfin), n. Right of presenting a priest to a va- 

Ad'y-nam'tC (ad/T-nlbnTk), a. Weak in the vital 
powers; feeble. 

llAd'j-timL (Sd'T-tfim), n. ; pi. Adtta (-t&). 
[L. J ▲ secret place in 
ancient temples. 

Adz, Adze (Sdz), n. 
A carpenter's chip- 
ping tool, with arch- 
ing blade at right 
angles to the handle. 

JE'dUe (e'dO), n. ▲ 
civil officer in ancient 
Rome having charge of public buildings, spec- 
tacles, etc. 

llJfi'fflS (e'jTs), n. Shield ; protection. 

A-oOl-an (e-S'lT-^rn), a. Pertaining to JEolia or 
.fiolis, in Asia Minor, or to ^olua, god of the 
winds ; pertaining to or produced by wind. — 
JBclian naxp. A musical instrument containing 
stretched strings, which the wind sets in vibra- 
tion. — A-cl'lC (-Sl^Tk), a. Pertainmg to ^olia. 

JB'on (S'Sn), n. An age ; eternity ; eon. — M-(/' 
nl-an {t-t^nX-an), a. Eternal ; everlasting. 

A'l^-ate (i'Sr-at), v. t. To comlnne with carbonic 
acid ; to supply with common air ; to arterial- 
ize. — K'^'tJxixaL (-a'shfin), n. An aerating. 

A-tf^-al (a-e'rT-al), a. Pertaining to the air; 
high ; lofty ; light as air ; ethereal. 

AoMe (e'rT), n. Nest of an eagle or other bird of 
prey; eyrie. 

A4lr-l-form (S'Sr-T-fdrm), a. Having the form of 
air, as gas. 

A'ilr-l-ty (a'Sr-I-fi), V. t. To combine or fill with 

A'Sr-O-llte (a'Sr-^-Iit), n. A meteoric stone. 

A^r-om'»-ter (a'Sr-8m'£-t8r), n. An instrument 
for measuring the weight or density of gases. — 
A'tfr-O-met'no (-4-mSVrTk), a. Pertaiuing to 
aerometry. — A^^r-om'e-txy (-5m'ft-try), n. 
Science of measuring the air ; pneumatics. 

A'Sr-O-nant (S'Sr-^-nat), n. An aerial naviga- 
tor; balloonist. — A^er-O-nant'lo (-nt^t^k), a. 
Pertaining to aeronautics. — A'te-o-nant'lOS, n. 
Science of sailing in the air ; ballooning. 

A'tlr-O-phyte' (S'Sr-ft-nt), n. A pUmt deriving 
support from air alone. 

A^r-0S'C0-P7 (a^Sr-Ss'kd-pj^), n. Observation of 
the atmosphere. 

A'Sr-O-StaV (a'Sr-o-stSt/), n. A machine sustain- 
ing weights in the air; an air balloon. — A^lfl- 
0-stat'lC, a. Pertaining to aerostatics. — A ^ ^r- 
0-8tat'l0S, n. Science of the equilibrium of 
elastic fluids, or of aerial navigation. — A^tfr-08- 
tatlon (-Ss-ta^shtin). n. Aerial navigation. 

JBs-theVlc (6s-th8fTk), a. Pertaining to esthet- 
ics. — JEs-thet'lCS, n. Theory or philosophy of 
taste ; science of the beautiful in nature and 
art. — JBstliete (Ss'thet or Ss'-), n. One greatly 
attentive to esthetics. [Spelled also esthetic^ 

MXhSt (S'thSr), n. E::her. 

A-fax' (li-far'), adv. At a great distance ; remote. 

AlTfa-Me (Sf'f &-b*l), a. Ready to converse ; easy 

of access; courteous; accessible. — Afft-Uft 
adv. — Al'fa-Wl-ty (-btlT-ty), n. 

Al-fair' (Sf-fSr'), n. Business ; a partial or minor 
engagement of troops. 

Af-feot' (Sf-fSkf ), V. t. To act upon ; to change ; 
to influence ; to move ; to aim at ; to put on a 
pretense of ; to assume. — Af ^f eo-tatlon (Sf'f 6k- 
ta'shtin), n. Assumption of what is not real ; 
artificial appearance : false pretense. — Af-feof- 
ed (-fSkVSd), a. Moved ; disposed ; assumed 
artificially ; not natural. — Af-feot'ed-ly, adv. 
— Af-feot'ed-ness, n. — Af-feot'lng, a. Hav- 
ing power to move the passions or affections; 
pathetic. — Af-feot'lng-ly, adv. — Al-feo'tlve 
(-tTv), a. Affecting, or exciting emotion. 

Af-feo'tlon (Sf-fSk'shun), n. Qutdity or property 
inseparable from its subject ; state of the mind 
respecting a particular object ; love ; tender at- 
tachment ; disease. — Az-feo'tlon-atO (-&t), a. 
Having great love or affection ; proceeding from 
affection; loving; kind. — Af-feotion-ato-ly, 

Af-ft'ance (Sf-n^ans), n. Plighted faith; the 
marriage contract or promise ; trust ; confi- 
dence.— v. /. [AnriANCBD (-anst); Affiancino 
(-on-sTng).] To betroth; to promise marriage 
to ; to trust. — Af-fi'ailt, n. One who makea 
an aflBdavit ; a deponent. 

Af'fl-daMt (Sf/fT-dS'vTt), n. [L., he made oath.] 
Statement made upon oath before a magistrate ; 

Al-fU'l-ate (Sf-niT-at), v. t. To adopt ; to re- 
ceive into fellowship ; to ally. — v. i. To asso- 
ciate; to accord. — Af-fil^l-atlon (-a'shfin), n. 
Adoption ; association in the same family or so- 
ciety ; legal assignment of a child to its father. 

Af-fln'l-ty (Sf-fTn'I-tj^;, n. Relationship by mar- 
riage ; close agreement ; chemical attraction. 

Af-firm' (fif-ferm'), v. t. [Atfibmed (-fSrmdO ; 
Affibmino.] To confirm ; to establish ; to rat- 
ify; to mamtain as true; to aver; to assert. 
— v. i. To declare positively. — Af-firm'er, n. 
— Af-finn'a-Ue, a. Capable of being affirmed. 
— Af-fim'anoe (-mis), n. Confirmation ; rati- 
fication. — Af-fim'ant, n. One who affirms or 
asserts. — Af ^fll-ma'tloil (Sf 'fSr-mS'shfin), n. 
An affirming ; thing asserted ; ratification. — Af- 
finn'a-tlye (Sf - fSrm ' & - tT v), a. Affirming or 
asserting ; — opposed to negative ; confirmative ; 
ratifying. — n. That which contains an affirma- 
tion. — Af-fim'a-ttye-ly, adv. 

Af-flz' (Sf-flks'), V. t. [Afpixbd (-flkstO ; Af- 
Fixnfo.] To add at the end ; to attach ; to con- 
nect ; to annex ; to unite. — Al'flz (Sf'fTks), n. 
A syllable or letter joined to the end of a word ; 
a suffix ; a postfix. — Af-flz'tnre (-tur), n. That 
which is affixed or annexed. 

Af-na'tna (Sf-fisafis), n. [L.] A breath or blast 
of wind ; inspiration. 

Af-Oior (Sf-f ITktO, V. t. To strike down ; to give 
continued pain ; to distress ; to torment ; to 
grieve. — Af-fUot'lng, a. Grievous ; distress- 
ing. — Af-Oicmon (-flTk'shfin), n. Stote of be- 
ing afflicted ; state of pain, distress, or grief ; 
misfortune. — Af-fll(KtiTe (-fllk'ttv), a. Giving 
pain ; causing affliction. — Al-fllotlye-ly, adv. 

Arfln-ent (Sf'fid-0nt),a. Wealthy; plentiful; 
abundant ; copious. — n. A stream flowing into 
a river or lake. — Afllll-eilt-lY, adv. In abun- 
dance ; abundantiy. — Al'flll-ence (-«ns), n. 
Abundance of any thing ; wealth ; plenty. — 

fSm, zeoent, 6rb, rude, f^^ llm, fdbd, fcTot, out, oil, cbair, go, sing, iQk, then, thin* 




AltlBX (Sf'flfiks), Al-nnx'lon (Sf-flSk^ahfin), 
n. A flowing to ; that which flows to. 

Af-ford' (Sf-tSrdO, v. L To yield; to give; to 
be able to expend ; to imput ; to confer ; to 

id-mj' (Sf-frSOf n. A tumultuous quarrel; 
scuffle; encounter; brawl. —v. t, [Affbated 
(-frSdO ; Atfeatino.] To frighten. 

M'tAglax' (Sf-f rif ), V. t. To impress with sudden 
fear ; to terrify ; to shock ; to alarm. ■» n. Sud- 
den fear ; terror. 

Af-lront' (Sf-frQnf ), n. Ck>ntemptuous action or 
conduct ; indignity ; insult ; offense. — v. t. To 
offend ; to insult ; to abuse ; to outrage. — Af- 
front 'iTO (-Tv), a. Giving offense ; insulting; 

Al-fnse' (Sf-fuzO, v. t. [Avfdsbo (-fuzdO ; Af- 
FV8iNO.J[ To pour out; to sprinkle. — Af-fn'- 
Sion (-fu'zhQu), n. A pouring upon ; baptism ; 
bathing a part or all of the body with water or 
other fluid as a remedv for disease. 

Afghan (2(f 'gan), n. A natiye of Afghanistan ; 
a blanket or wrap. 

A-field' (A-feldO, adv. To, in, or on, the field. 

A-ftt^ iir-fiT^), a. & adv. On flre. 

A-float' (&-fl5V), adv. In a floating state ; with- 
out guide or control ; adrift ; in general circu- 

A-foOt' (A-fd6f ), adv. On foot ; in action ; astir. 

A-f ore' (A-f or'), adv. & prep. Before. — A-fOTO'- 
gO^lng, a. Going before ; foregoing ; previous. 
— ^we']land^ adv. Beforehand; before.— 
A-fore'men'tloned, A-fcro'aald', adv. Spoken 
of or named before. — A-foro'tllOllgbt' (-th^tO, 
a. Premeditated. — A-foro'tlmo^ (- tim f ), adv. 
In time past ; formerly ; of old. 

A-fonl' (&-foul') a. & adv. Not free ; entangled ; 
in collision. 

A-fraid' (A-frad'), a. Struck with fear ; timid. 

A-fresll' (&-fr68h'), adv. Anew ; over agidn ; once 
more ; newly. 

Aft (Aft), adv. & a. Astern ; abaft ; behind. 

Affer (Affer^, prep. Behind in place ; later in 
time ; moving toward from behind ; in imita- 
tion of; concerning.— a. Subsequent; more 
aft. — a<fv. Subsequently in time or place. 

Aft'er-Olap^ (Affer-klSp^), n. An unexpected sub- 
sequent event. 

Aft'er-orop' (&f f3r-kr5p^), n. A second or sub- 
sequent crop. 

Aft'er-matli' (AffSr-mSthO, n. A second crop of 
grass; rowen. 

Aft'er-noon' (AffSr-noon'), n. The time from 
noon to evening. 

Aft'er-pleoe' (Aft'Sr-pes^), n. A piece performed 
after a play. 

Aft'er-thonghf (&ffer-thftt/), n. A reflection 
after an act. 

Aft'er-ward (ift'er-wSrd), Aft'er-wards 
(-wSrdz), adv. In later time ; subsequently. 

A-galn' (a-gSn'), adv. Another time ; once more ; 
in return ; back ; on the other hand ; moreover. 

A-galnat' (a-gSnsf), prep. Opposite to ; in oppo- 
sition to ; in provision for ; by the time that. 

A-gape' (ft-gSl/ or -gap'), adv. Gktping, as with 
wonder ; having the mouth wide open. 

Ag'ate (&g'at), n. A variety of quartz ; kind of 
type, next smaller than nonpareil. 
tt^- This Mne is printed in agate. 

Ag'a-tlne (Sg'A-tTn), a. Pertaining to, or resem- 

^oling, agate. 


A-ga^e(&-ga'v$), n. The American aloe, or om- 
tury plant. 

Age (aj), n. Any period 
of time; a particular 
period; maturity; de- 
cline of life; genera- 
tion ; century. — v. i. 
[AoKD (ajd); Aoino 
(a'jtng).] To grow old; 
to become aged. — 
A'ged (a'jSd), a. Ad- 
vanced m age or years ; 
old; ancient ; having 
lived (fbr some time 

A'gent (a'jSnt), n. Per- 
son or thing that exerts 
power, or has power to 
act ; deputy. — A'gen- 
oy (a'j«n-fi^), n. Qual- 
ity of acting or state of being in action ; office 
of an agent. — A'gent-slllp, n. Office of an 
agent; agency. 

Ag-glom'er-ate (Sg-gl5m'8r-at), v. /. To wind, 
or collect, into a biEdl or mass. — a. Collected 
into a ball or heap. — Ag-glom'er-a'tlon (-gl5m'- 
Sr-a'shfin), n. A gathering into a ball or mass. 

Ag-gln'tl-nate (Sg-glu'tT-nSt), v. t. To unite, or 
cause to adhere. — Ag-gln'ti-nant, a. Uniting, 
as glue. — n. An adhesive substance. — Ag- 
gln^tl>natlon (-nS'sh&n), n. A uniting, or state 
of being united. — Ag-gUltl-na'tlye, a. Tend- 
ing to unite. 

Ag'gran-dlze (Sg'grSn-diz), v. t. [Aograkdizkd 
(-dizd); AooBANDiziNO (-di'zTng).] To make 
great or greater ; to exalt. — Ag-gran'dlze-ment 
(Sg-grSn'dTz-ment or Xg'grSn-diz^-), n. An ag^ 
grandizing. — Ag'gran-dl'zer (-di'zSrJ, n. 

Ag'gra-yate (Sg'grA-vat), v. t. To make worse ; 
to enhance ; to exaggerate ; to irritate ; to tease. 
— Ag'gra-ya'tlon (-vS's^iin), n. Act of aggra- 
vating ; that which aggravates. 

Ag'gre-gate (Sg'gr^-gat), v. t. To bring together ; 
to collect into a sum or mass ; to accumulate ; 
to pile. — a. Formed of collected parts. — n. 
An assemblage of particulars ; collection ; sum 
total; lump. — Ag'gre-ga'tlon(-ga'shan),n. An 
aggregating ; an aggregate. — Ag'gre-ga'tlYe 
(-ga^tl v), a. Causing aggregation ; collective. 

Ag-giess' (Sg-grSs'), V. i. & t. To attack ; to 
assail. — Ag-gres'slon (Sg-gr8sh' iin), n. First 
attack ; assault ; intrusion. — Ag-gres'sive (8g- 
grSs'sTv), a. Making the first attack ; pugna- 
cious. — Ag-gres'siye-ness, n. — Ag - gres ' sor 

(-ser), n. 

Ag-grleye' (Xg-grev'), v. t. [Aogrxbykd (-grevd') ; 
AooBiEViMO (-grev'ing).] To pain; to afflict; 
to vex ; to harass. — Ag-grleY'anoe (-grev'- 
ons), n. Injury ; grievance. 

A-ghast' (&-g4Bt'), a. & adv. Amazed ; stupefied 
with horror. 

Ag'ile (SjTl), a. Quick of motion; nimble; 

^risk. - Ag'Ue-neas, A-gU'i-ty (i-jTi'^-ty), »• 

Ag'l-O («jT-* or a'jl-ft), n. ; pi. Agios (-ftz). Dif- 
ference in value between metallic and paper 
money ; premium. — Ag'1-O-tage (SjT-ft-ttj), n. 

Ag'1-tate (Sj1^tSt), v. t. To disturb ; to excite ; 
to discuss earnestly ; to debate. — Ag^l-ta'tlon 
(-tS'shfin), n. Disturbance; violent motion; 
excitement ; debate. — Ag'i-ta'tor (-ta'tSr), n. 

fiiS,I,o,u,long; &,£,i,5,a,j^,alunrti aeoAte, tvent, tdea, 6bej, finite, cAre, ftrm, Aak, |^, final, 



Ag^flU (Sg'nal), n. Inflammation round a finger 

nail ; a whitlow. 
Ag'nate (Sg'nat), a. Related on the father's side. 

— n. One thus related. — Ag-nation (-ua'- 
shfin), n. Relation by the father's side. 

Ag-noi/tto (Sg-nSs'tTk), a. Professing ignorance. 
— n. One who neither affirms nor denies, but 
declares himself ignorant. 

A-g(/ (&-goO« odv. & a. Past ; gone. 

A-gOi^ (A-gog^), a. & adv. Excited and eager. 

A-ginng (i-go'tng), adv. In motion; going; 
ready to go. 

Ag'O-ny (^'d-n^), n. Extreme pain of body or 
mind ; anguish ; pang.— Ag'O-B^ (-^-niz), v. i. 
[AooNizBD (-nizd) ; Aoonizino.] To writhe with 
agony ; to suffer anguish. — v. t. To torture. — 
j^O-nl'zlng-ly, adv. With extreme anguish. 

A-gra'rl-ail (&-gra'rT-an), a. Relating or tending 
to equal division of lands. — n. One who fa- 
vors agrarianism. — A-gTa'xi-an-lsIll (-Yz'm), n. 
Equal division of property. 

A-gree' (&-gre'), v. i. [AasEBD (-gredO ; Aobes- 
DTO.] To be of one mind ; to concur ; to accord ; 
to assent ; to resemble ; to suit ; to correspond in 
sender, number, case, or person. — A-gree'a-'ble 
(-A-b'l), a. Agreeing or suitable ; in conformity 
or accordance ; pleasing. — A-groe'a-bl^ness, 
A-gree'a-bU'i-ty (-A-bTiT-tj^), n. — A-gree'a- 
1ll7t adv. In an agreeable manner ; in accord- 
ance ; conformably. — A-groe'inant, n. An 
agreeing; harmony; contract; bargain. 

A-grestiC (&-gr6s'tIk), a. Pertaining to the 

Ag'Tl-onl^tnre (Sg'rT-kQiafir), n. Art of culti- 
vating the ground ; tillage ; husbandry ; farm- 
ing. — Ag^rl-onl'tiur-al, a. Relating to agricul- 
ture. —Xg^rt-onl'tnr-lst, n. A farmer. 

A-KlWn!li/{6>-gto\md^)t adv. On the groimd ; 

A'gne (a'gru), n. Chilliness ; intermittent fever. 

— A'gn-ish (a'gfi-Ish), a. Chilly. 

All (a), interj. Expressing surprise, pity, exulta- 
tion, etc. — A-ha' (&-hS'), interj. Expressing 
triumph, contempt, or surprise. 

A-head' (&-h8d'), adv. Farther forward ; in f r'Hit. 

A-hulI' (i-htUO , adv. With saUs furled and helm 

Aid (ad), V. i. To assist ; to help ; to relievp ; to 
sustain.— ». Help; succor; relief; a helper. 

||Aid'-de-oamp^ (ad'de-k5N0, n. ; pi. Aids-db- 
CAMP(adz'-). [F.] An officer assisting Ft general. 

Al'gret (a'grSt), Ai-grette' (&-gr8t'), » The small 
white heron ; a tuft (of feathers, diamonds, etc.). 

All (al), V. t. [Ailed (aid) ; Ailinq.] To affect 
with pain ; to trouble ; to be the matter with. 
'— V. i. To feel pain. — n. Disorder ; indisposi- 
tion ; pain. — All'ment, n. Disease ; malady. 

Al-lan'tUS (a-lSn'tfis), 71. A tree, native of the 
East. [Improperly spelt aUanthus.'] 

Aim (am), V. i. & t. [Aimed tamd); Aimhto.] 
To point or direct (a weapon, effort, intention, 
etc.).— n. Direction; design; end; scheme. 

— Aimless, a. Without aim ; purposeless. 
Ain't (ant). See Akn't. 

Air (fir), n. The ^uid we breathe ; the atmos- 
phere ; tune ; manner, mien, or carriage of a per- 
son ; pi. show of pride, —v. /. [Aired (fird) ; 
Airino.] To expose to the air ; to ventilate. — 
Alr'lng, n. Exposure to air ; excursion out of 
doors. ^ Alr'y (fir'y), a. Open to the air ; 
light * unsubstantial ; fantastic. — Alr'l-ly 

{-\'\^\adv. Oayly; merrUy.— Alxf-neiS, n. 
Openness to the air ; levity ; ^yety. — Atr 
bath. An apparatus for applymg air to the body, 
also for drying substances in air of any tempera- 
ture. — Air Md. An inflated sack used as a bed. 
— Atr bladder. A sac or bladder, containing 
air, in an animal or plant ; a bubble in a cast- 
ing. — Atr brake. A railroad brake operated 
by condensed air. — Air oeU. A cell containing 
air. — Atr Cliamber. A cavity, containing air, in 
an animal or plant, also in a pump, for regula- 
ting the flow of a liquid. — Air OOGk. A faucet 
toallowescapeof air. — Air drllL A drill driven 
by pressure of condensed air. — Atr engine. 
An engine operated by heated or compressed air. 
Air gun* A gun discharged by the elastic force 
of air. — Air hole. An opening to admit or 
discharge air ; an unfrozen spot in ice ; a fault 
in a casting caused by a bubble. — Air line. A 
straight line; bee line. — Air pipe, 
for drawing off foul air. —Atr plant 
nourished by air only; 
ui aerophyte. — JUr 
pump. A machine for 
exhausting air from a 
closed vessel. — Air sao* 
An air cell, in birds. — 
Atr shaft A passage 
supplying fresh air to a 
mine or tunnel. — Air spring, 
ated by the elasticity of air. - 

A pipe 
A plant 

Air Fum]). 

A spring oper^ 
Air stove. A 
stove for heating a current of air driven against 
it and distributed through a building. — Atr 
trap. A contrivance for shutting off gases 
from drains, sewers, etc. ; a stench trap. — Atr 
tmnk. A shaft for conducting foul air from a 
room. — Atr YOSSeL A vessel or cell (in birds, 
plants, pumps, etc.) containing air. — Atr way. 
A passage for a current of air. 

Alr'-tlgllt^ (ftr'titO, a. So tight as to exclude air. 

Aisle (Q), »• The wing of a building ; a passage 
in a church. — Aisled (Od), a. Having aisles. 

A-)ar' (4-jSr'}, adv. Partly open. 

A-klmObO (&-kTm'b&), a. With a crook ; bent. 

A-Un' (^klnO, a. Related by blood; alUed by 

Al'a-bal^ter (Sl'^-bSs^tSr), n. A compact variety 
of sulphate or carbonate of lime. 

A-lack' (*.i«k')» A-laok'a-day (i-da'), interj. 
An exclamation of regret or sadness. 

A-lac^-ty (&-lSkM-t3^), n. Cheerful readiness ; 
briskness; liveliness. 

Al^a-mode' (Sl'^A-mSdO, odv. According to the 
mode or fashion. — n. A thin, glossy silk. 

A-lUitUS. See AiLAirrns. 

A-larm' (&-liirm'), n. A summons to arms ; notice 
of danger; surprise with fear or terror.— ». /. 
[Alashbo (-ISrmd') ; Alabhino.] To give notice 
of danger*; to frighten ; to disturb. — A-larm'- 
Ing-ly, adv. So as to alarm. — A-larm'lst, n. 
One who intentionally excites alarm ; a croaker. 
— Alarm beU. A bell that gives notice of dan- 
ger. —Alarm clock or watch. A clock or 
watch made to ring at a particular hour. — 
Alarm gange. An attachment to a steam 
boiler for showing an overpressure of steam or 
deficiency of water. — Alarm post A place to 
which troops must repair in case of alarm. 

A-las' (&-1&S'), interj. An exclamation of sorrow. 

AOate (a'l&t), AOa-ted (-l£-ted), a. Winged. 

Alb (Sib), n. A church vestment of white linen. 

nm, lecent, drb, r^de, f^ fkxn, food, ftfbt, out, oil, cliair, go, sins, ink, then, tbin. 

the ^m^ at to egg. 
Allnm (ntritas), n, a bluk book for phi 

RKpho, MltOffrAphBf fllc- 

Afta^BUn (llMin^nBD)t n. A vIhcoui uiinul b 
oUoca fonnd in tba white ol CKg- 

Al-bnl^Sm (il-bQr'n(Im), n. The white »tt i 
of wood ll«It to the ^lark. ; Bapwood. 

lAtMl'd* (il-kil'dl), n. A Spanish miniitr 

Al'flkMny (Il'M-mj), n. Occult ihemiMry ; 
of l^faukfflnR buB metalA hito BOjd, — Al'G 
mist (mTBt), n. One skilltd Jn llchemy. 

Al'IW-hoUll'ke-hin). n. Pure or Dlghlv recti 
niLnt.-JU''C0-llDl'la(-httl1k],a. BjluiDt 

A'l<m1llS|iU«m'blli),n. A 

A-lBir (i-lirfj, a. ■Wnttht 
TlgiUnt; b^isk; prompt ; n 
ble; ll>elj. — A-tainy, 
— A-larfneu,!!. 

Al'n-ui'diliis (tl'Sg-tS 

— Al'KI- 

IA11-U (Ul-bl), n 


Allm IWyen), a. Porelgn; advene.— n. A 
foreiinior. — AI'lin->-1>ll. a, Cepibla of bdl« 
•UeuWed. — Al'tal-A-Ml'1-ty (A-bm-tJf), n. 
CsMciUr of being elieiiUed.~A11ai->t« (-St), 
p. (. Ts (niufer to kuother ; to F>>trui|{a. — a. 
Brtruged.— Al'lu-a'tlon, n, Tiauif?ri legal 
oonveiiDce ; eitnagenieDt ; msmily. — Allan- 
ata <->'t{r), n. One oho alienatM or tnuiif en 
property. — Al'l«n-w' (-Vfn-i'), B. Oneto 

eue. — Al'i^-lM.n. One who tnaU^unlty. 

All-Iom (Ul-ierm), a. Bheped like a wing. 

A-llsht' IMiV), v.i. To get doam ; to dkmount i 
to deacend and nettle, 

A-Ilcil'(t-UD'),D, f. ToadJiutoTfonnbyBllDB. 
^ V. i. To form in line i to Uj out tbe ground 
plan (uf a road). — A-UflL'iKin, ». An adjiut- 
ing to a lloe ; line of adjuitmeat { ground plao 

A-llkD' (il-UkO. a. BlmOir ; witbont dlSersace. 

Sn'lnl), Al'l-mWU-ry (-td-tyi.o. Pertain- 

.(-IS'tliaii). n. Act orpowetof aSocdiiw 
"■ being nouriahed. — Al'l- 
^rv-n&),i ■ ■ 

All-snot («1-kwSt), a. Dividing eiaetl;, or 
A-llTf (^lii'), a. HavlDe Ufa ) acUn ; luaoep- 
A-lli'i-iliL (t-lli't-rln),fi. AiedeoloTingmatter 

Klde. — ATb-lJdi'O^T-^' 

HDt), cr. Tending to the properUee of an alkali- 
- atMH-tl (-TT-fn, v.i.Sti. To etaange into 
jn alkali. — Al'ta-aiieHIn or-lin),a. Hai- 
ii« the queUties of an alkalL — Al'U-llM <-Ut), 
D.I. To make alkaline) toalkallfy. — Al'kl-loU 
[-lold), II- A Tf^table principle having alkfr 

,— adv. Wholly; complalely; entin 
.-Atill. IntheleMtdcgree;totJiel. 
it ; under any circumatancea. — Alllo 
April Ipt, when people are tricked, or ID 
_ nra. «me a ca ^J.^ "^ 

All'SKlnti. or j 



f OmJ. 

lo AUhall 

|,B,I, S, a, long I ^ Bi <i ill "i f • •>i™t 1 unBCe, ereat, Idea, Obey, Unit*, ctn, arm, &a, tU, fiMi^ 


CktboUo duT (HaFember 2) of pnyer for the 

tbelta. — All toU. All counUd ; In ill, 
lAll&ll (Klli), n. An^ic uuas for Ood. 
Al-lsT («l-li'), V. I. [AujYiD (-lid'); Allat- 

to BpiHaBe -. to cepreBB ; to lubdua, ~ AI-U7'- 
m^t, n. An iJUyliiH i thai wWch alleys. 
Al>pi'tlon (K'lS-na'iliap), n. Pomtivo a»»er- 

Al-hwe'lawSj'). (."i. [AumiD (-Igji') i AuM- 
to°J«rt° t^feIj'""'*cCM uota" ''"'^' 

ia-l»**iilfl« (^-l&jnua o^'-Jl'-am.?,"". Fidelity of 
H Rub)Bct ta hiB goverainent ; loyalty; fealty. 

Allno-rT^ne-sS-rJ)." AfigumtivediBCOurae; 

lo-ll (-I-kal), (X. In the mauner of^iillegory ; de- 
enrtbing by raeomWaDcoa. —Al']»-gafla-tl-lJ, 
adc.—illt-puM (-gS-rlat), n. One who 
tHuhu by alFegory. —ill^n-TlM i-H'). V. I. 
To rurm [ntObllegDry ; to underatBud in ao alle- 

fOFl-Uttim (-iDr'I-ii'ilian), n. A turning into 
aUeftoiTi or undentandlng allegoricnlly. 

IAl-]lPpa(ll-lfgrS),a. tjulck ; briik ; llialy. — 
n. A wrlahtLr rtrain or piece in muaii;. 

AlOt-lDOA, Al'Ia-lnlik (tl'lE-lii'y*), n. Fn^ee 

— Al-lOW'UlBt <-ana), n, 
m; tbiag allowed; etaled 


iomeopalhg. — U.'iit-Vt.lh'la (D'lt-FUliTk), a. 

Al-lol' (ffl-Rif), 11. I- [AiioiTiD; AiLormra.] 
apportion. — Al'lotmint, n. ' An allottuigi 

Al-loW (Sl-lou'), f. <■ [ALLomo (JoudO 1 Al- 
io m^ abatement o[ deduction. — Al-low*!- 
bl*, a. Proper to ha allowod: uonnlBtible, — 
Al-loWi-bly, < 

Al-lor' (S)-loi'J, tr. I. [Alloud (-loid'l ; AiMi- 
IHQ.] To debue by mixing ; to impair ; to cor- 

a baeei metal miied with a finer. — Al-lOT'IIO 

(■ij), n. An alloying ; a mlltUM of metafe. 

All'llill*' ()tl'>Pi*'li »• The berry of Ibe pimento ; 

Al-lBito' (n-l^d'l, ii.f. To ref er to soDiethlog not 

AtlM^ ta-mr'), V. i. [ALtHMD't-lurdOi At 

eeduee. — Al-lnr^iWr o- Having power to al- 
lure ; enticing. — AT-Inifmant, n- That whloh 

Al-In'Blon (Al-lu'zhtin). n. Indirect reference. — 
Al-la'»i« (-alvl, o. Hinting at ; referring to 


btllow-tmv (-til 

riage i eompaot i pereena or parties allled- 
UIMat* («*ll-^t;. •- *■ To tie together ; to 

unito.-lMtrt'toK-^'ahlln).!!. Arithmet- 

ical ulutiDO DfqDeitloni conceTTUog Ingredienla 

of different qiuJitleB or valuea. 
Allt-gt'toi (snI-gi'tJr), n. Tbe American croc- 

nu). n. A Uriking 

AI-Ufli-Atlai (11- 
llt^r-i'tfaOn), n. 
Repetition of tbe 

— AlVdl-ia (J!i), (7. " Pe'iUMnina to ^^a\ 
Al-layA-^ (sll^i^t^hj)',''n. The employment 


ent, — n. God; the Supreme Btiag. 
Alrn'ona (K'mtind), n. Fruit of the a£nond tm ; 

one of twoglande, called tonelli, In the throat. 
Al'mon-n (U'mHn^), ». One who diatributea 

Al'tnast (*1'mSBt)i odf. Nearly ; wan-mgh ; lor 

Almt t^mi), n. of. AnTthinE given t< 
the poor; chanty. —AMlTlon-" "■ 

Al'l»e(B'S), n. ;pj. Atoaa l-Bi). An evergreen 

Juice of BBveral Bpeclea of aloe. — Al's-aflo 
Mt11>). AI'^SMe-tK-T-kdl), o. Pertaining to 
or having qualities of aloea. 

A-lOlf (A-nutO. adv. Od high ; above the deck. 

' -Imi' ii-JSn'), a. Single; solltarjr.—iKfr. Bep- 

_-lou'(&-]Cng'},a4ftJ. LengtIiwTae ; onward ; for- 
wani 1 together, ^prep^ By the length of. — 
A-lOU'sld*' adv. B) the Bide of (a elilp). 

A-lo^^A-lDof). >^- At or trom ■ distance 1 

^ Orb, rfide, tifh^ Hm, Moi, Itftft, out, oil, dulr, s 

uonaUin nan of BwilHrlaid. — Al ' bIii* 
(U'liln or -^m), a. PwUinlng to tbs Alu ; 
lort^'— Al'pan-MiMk' l-p&i-itEk'). "■ A itoO 
Al-pWi ^at-pXk'*), 

n. FeruvivL thOBa \ 

mule ot Itl wDoL 

ATj^hi <.^'>*'\. "' , 
OreslEilphibeC— I 
AlWlm <-f4.' 

ten ot ■ iBiiguags 
uTKB^ed ia order, , 

ii *h\b?"-^ iT *'""■ 

pli«-b«'lo (-hSWk) Al'plia-btt'io-tl (-T-kol), 

— Al'pll«-bBHo-«l-ly, adv. 
Al'Flai. <i. See under Alf, n. 
Al-IudT (Al-rSd'f J, a,Jv. Atorbefont 

AI'U (ftPst), odt. jl amj. In like muu 


Alto-llth'IT (>l'U»«lth'ir), odr, Vltb nidM 
irtlou; coDJofntlji wholly; complBtelj; with- 

Altn^lnn (UtilK-It'in), n. lUgwd Idt othen' 
interasM.— Al'tni-li^o(-'r9'tlk),a. Cnulfiib. 

Al'IB (n'Bm), n. An utrlngent minenl uilk- 
etiiEc«- — Al'nnL-lftlL, n. Having the nHture of 
oluiu. _ A-la'ml-noiu (t-lii'iul^nas), a. Fer- 

A-la'ml-u (i'lB'mI-n*)l''»'' Oi^ °ol the earth*, 

Al^mlnl-Bm (U'e-mln^-Bm), A-lBl«l-IM& |1- 
lu'lDl-nnm), n. Uetallie bug of elumioa; » 
veiv Ugtit, wbila metal, not eaill; oiidlied. 

lA-lia^lUUI(i-mn'Dn<>). n. ,-pI. AuiKHlW). A 
pupil ', 1 gnduate of a college or KiniiuTv. 

AITl-L-IT (H'tS-fcrJ), n. A heehive: ho]iow of 

"- eitemal ur. — Al'VM-lu (ffl'tS- or il-vS"- 

.r), a. Having, or Uhe, cell* or Bocb«t«- 

Alttr-Mt* (U'E 

le bo^ win 

. I35„ 

■tteraoMIWr; iwHpiwaL— n. Tliat nhich In 
pengbytarna: ibilialtude; » iubatltuls. — J 
M-Uta (nnif «r U-ttrMU), V. I. To p 
fOTQ bv tuma, or In aucoeatlon ; to chongo 
oiprocally.-^v.^ To hmppep or to actby tvr 
— AttWnate-lT (-taifnit-lj), mfu. — All 
Utioii (-nE'ehHo), n. An ^teniating : reo 
roco) HuccoBalon; permutatLon, — Al-ta'J 
UTS (U-lSi'na-tTi), 0. Oflerinn a choice of I 

l*«-ly, o 


„, — 41-t»rtl«-llT»-B«», n. 

Al-tlU'«(n-thS'k),n. PUnt of the Hallow famili. 
Al-thDIVh' (gl-ttiS^, (wni. Grant all this; aup- 

pDoe that \ notwithatandinE, 
Altl-tlOl (Utl-tod), n. Height; elevation. 

%'aavr^iolta^j end ludd. 


IIAm'an-ro'ila (Soi'k-cS'bIs), ' 
-f bight, withoot vWble '- 
un'tn-iot'lo (TiSnk), o 

BBZf "^mii'o.V (. [Ai 
.8.] Toe- 

Fertainii^ to an I 



■•6.I.e,a.loiif; ft,e.I.a,tt.*.>>iaitiauaie,8vaat,tdea, Obey, Unite, due, ttmi,Ju]i,sU,fliial, 




AmOber-grls (Sm'bSr-grSs), n. A fragrant waxy 
secretion of the intestines of the sperm whale, 
used in perfumery. 

Am^M-dez'ter (Sm'^bT-dfiks'tSr), n. One who uses 
both hands with equal facility ; a double-dealer. 
— Am'M-dex-tMr'l-ty (-t6r^-ty), «. Power of 
using both hands with equal ease ; double-deal- 
ing. — Am^U-deztrons (-dSks'trlls), a. Using 
both hands equally ; tricky. 

Amlll-ent (Sm'bl-«nt), a. Encompassing; sur- 
rounding ; investing. 

Am-blg'n-OIUI (Sm • big ' fi - Us), a. Of uncertain 
meaning ; doubtful ; equivocal. — Am - big ' U - 
ciiA-ly, adv. — Am-blg^n-ons-noM, Am'M-gn'l- 
ty (Sm/bt-gu1-ty), n. 

Amnbit (Sm'bTt), n. Circuit or compass. 

Am-bl'tlon (Sm-bTsh'&n), n. Eager desire of pre- 
ferment, honor, or power; aspiration; greedi- 
ness. — Am-bi'tlOllS (-bTsh'&s), a. Possessing, 
moved by, or indicating, ambition. — AnL-bl'- 

tlons-ly, adv. — Am-bl'tloii8-iiess, n. 

Amllle (Sm'b'l), v. i. [Amblkd (-b'ld j ; AuBLmo.] 
To move with the gait called an amble ; to pace. 
— n. A gait of a horse, in which both legs on 
one side move at once. — Amlller (-blSr), n. 
A horse which ambles ; a pacer. 

Am-bro'sla (Sm-bro'zh& or -zhT-&), n. The fabled 
food of the gods, which conferred eternal youth ; 
a genus of plants. — Am-bro'slal (-zhal or -zhT- 
al), a. Resembling ambrosia ; delicious. 

Axanbn-lanoe (Sm'bu-lans), ». A flying hospital ; 
a vehicle for the sick 
or wounded. — Am'- 
lin-lant, a. Walk- 
ing; moving from 
place to place. — 
Am^bu-la'tlon (-la'- 
sh&n), n. Act of 
walking. — Am 'bn - 
la-to-ry (-ba-i&-t6- 
ry),a. Able to walk; 
walking ; movable ; 
alterable. — n. Part of a building intended for 
walking in, as aisles of a church or a portico. 

Am^bns-cade' (Sm^b&s-kSd'), n. A hiding, or 
hiding place, for troops about to surprise an 
enemy ; ambush, —v. t. To lie in wait ; to at- 
tack from concealment. 

Amlmsh (Sm^bddsh), n. Act or place of lying in 
wait to attack ; troops hidden in ambush. — v. I. 
[Ahbushbd (-bd68ht) ; Ambushino.] To lie in 
wait for ; to surprise ; to place in ambush. 

tiA-meer', A-mlr' (&-raerO, n. Same as Emib. 

A-mel'lO-rate (&-mel'y&-rat), v. t. To make bet- 
ter ; to improve. — v. i. To grow better ; to 
meliorate. — A-meHo-ra'tlon (-rS'shfin), n. 
Improvement. — A-mel'lO-ra'tlve (-ra'tlv), a. 
Producing amelioration. 

A'men' (S^mSu'; in singing^ a'raSn'). [Heb., 
firm, true.] An expression used at the end of 
prayers, meaning. So he it, truly y or verily. ■» n. 
Truth. —V. /. To sanction fully. 

A-me'na-ble (&-me'n&-b*l), a. Liable to be 
brought to account or pimishment ; answerable ; 
responsible ; submissive. — A-me^na-bll'l-ty 
(-me/n4-bI11-ty), A-me'na-ble-ness, n. 

A-mend' (&-mSnd'), v. t. & i. To change for the 
better.— A-mend'a-tO-ry (-A-tft-ry), a. Con- 
taining amendment; corrective. — A -mend' - 
mont, n. A change for the better ; reforma- 
tion ; recovery ; a change in a legislative bill or 


motion. — A-mends' (&-mSndz'), n. Gompenaai 
tion for loss or injury ; satisfaction ; ec^uivalent. 

I) A^mende' (ft^maird'), n. [F.] A pecuniary fine ; 
reparation; retraction. 

A-men'1-ty (A-mSu'I-tj^), n. Agreeableness. 

Am'ont (&n'$nt), n. A sort of spike, in the alder, 
birch, etc. ; a catkin. 

A-merce' (ft-mSrs'), v. t. [Ahebced (&-merst') ; 
AiiEBcma.] To punish by a fijie fixed by the 
court; to mulct. — A-merca'a-ble, a. Liable 
to amercement or fine. — A-m0ZO6'Ul0Ilt, n. A 
fine by a court. 

A-mor'HMUl (A-mSr'I-kan), a. Pertaining to 
America, esp. to the United States. — n. A na- 
tive of America or citizen of the United States. 
— A-mer'l-oan-lsm (-Iz'm), n. A word or idiom 
peculiar to America ; love of Americans for their 
own country, its interests, etc. — A-mex'l-oail- 
ize (-iz), V. /. To render American. 

Am'e-thyst (Sm'^-thlst), n. A species of quartz, 
of a violet color. — Am'O-tliys^tlne (-this'tin), 
a. Composed of, or like, amethyst. 

A'ml-a-ble (S'ml-A-bn), a. Worthy of love; 
charming ; delightful. » A'ml-a-bll'1-ty (-bll'- 
T-t^>. A'ml-a-ble-neM, n. — A'ml-a-bly, adv. 

Am^I-an'tlms (Sm^T-Sn'thtU), n. An incombus- 
tible mineral substance resembling flax. 

Am'i-oa-ble (Sm'I-k&-b'l), a. Friendly; peace- 
able; kind.— Am'1-ca-ble-ness, Aml-ca-bil'- 
l-ty (-blW-ty), n. — Am'i-oa-bly, adv. 

A-ndd' (4-mTdO, A-mld»r (-midst'), prep. In 
the midst or middle; among. — A-mid'sblps, 
adv. Midway between stem and stem. 

A-mlr' (&-mer'), n. Same as Emir, n. 

A-mlss' (&-mTs'), a. Wrong; faulty; out of order. 
•^adv. Wrongly; improperly. 

Am'l-ty (Sml-tj^), n. Friendship ; harmony. 

Am-mo'nl-a (Sm-mo^nl-i), n. A volatile alkali ; 
spirit of hartshorn. — Am-mo'&l-ao (-nl-Sk), 
Am^mo-nl'ac-al (-nl'&-kal), a. Pertaining to or 
like ammonia. — Am-mc/nl-ac, n., or Ovm am- 
moniac Concrete juice of a Persian plant. 

Am'mn-nl'tton (Sm'mu-nlsh'lin), n. Military 
stores, as powder, balls, shot, etc. 

Am-ne'sl-a (Sm-nS'8l-& or -zI-&), n. Forgetful- 
ness ; misemployment of words. • 

Am'nes-ty (Sm'nes-tj^), n. General pardon of 
offenses. — v. t. [Amnkstzbd (-tld) ; Ahnsstt- 
INO.] To pardon. 

A-mong' (A-mttn^), A-mongSt' (-miSngst'), prep. 
Mixed or associated with. 

Am'O-rons (Sm'ft-rtls), a. Inclined to love; en- 
amored ; passionate. — Am'O-rona-ly, adv. — 
Am'o-rons-ness, n. 

A-mor'pllons (A-mdrfCLs), a. Having no determi- 
nate form or character ; anomalous. 

A-mortlze (A-mdr'tTz), v. t. To alienate in mort- 
main, that is, to convey (land, etc.) to a corpora- 
tion.— A-mortl-zation (-tT-zS'shiin), A-mor'- 
tlze-mont, n. Act or right of alienating lands to 
a corporation ; extinction of debt, esp. by means 
of a sinking fund. [Spelled also amortise, etc.] 

A-monnt' (&-mount')« v. %. To come in the ag- 
gregate or whole; to be equivalent.— n. Sum 
totid ; effect, substance, or result. 

A-moni/ (&-modr'), n. A love intrigue. 

Am-phib'l-an (Sm-fibT-an), n. An amphibious ani- 
mal. — Am-pblVi-OUS (-Qs), a. Able to live m 
both air and water ; partaking of two natures. 
— Am-phiVi-ons-neas, n. 

Am'phi-DOl'O-gy (Sm'fT-b51'6-jj^), a. Ambig^uouB 

fSm, recent, 6rb, r||de, f^^ ftm, fdbd, f oTot, out, oil, cliair, go, aiiiB, ink, then, tliin* 




diaoouTte or proposition. — AxiL-pllib'O-loiU 
(Sm-fTl/i-ltLs), a. Of doubtful meaning. 

jlm'phi-tlio'a-ter, or -tre (Sm/f T-the^A-tSr), n. An 
oval or circular edifice for public sports. 

ilAin'pllO-ra (Sm'fd-r&), n. An ancient two- 
handled vessel for wine, oil, etc. 

Amlple (Sm'p'l), a. Of laiige size, extent, capac- 
ity, or bulk ; abundant ; plenteous. — Ain^ly 
(-pl^), adv. Fully ; abundantly. — Am'pll-fy 
(-pli-fiV, V. t. & i, [Ahplifibo (-fid) ; Amsiaty- 
xiTG.] To enlarge ; to treat copiously ; to dilate ; 
to exaggerate. — Am' pli-fi- caption (-fl-kS^- 
sh&n), n. An amplifying ; enlargement ; exag- 
gerated description or diffuse narration. — Am'- 
pli-tude (-plT-tud), n. Largeness; extent; 
range; capacity; abundance. 

Am'pll-tate (Sm^pti-tSt), v. t. To cut off (a limb, 
etc.). — Am'pn-ta'tion (-ta'shiin), n. A cutting 
off (a limb). 

A-muck' (&-mQk'), a. <& adv. In a frenzied man- 
ner; recklessly. — To mn amnck. To rush 
out frantically, attacking all comers. 

Am'U-let (Sm'u-16t), n. Something worn to pre- 
vent evil ; a chann. 

A-mnsa' (&-mu2'), v. t. [Amuskd (-muzdO ; Aiius- 
IMO.] To entertain agreeably; to divert; to 
delude. — A-mnso'&ieilt, n. That which amu- 
ses ; entertainment ; sport. — A-mu'sive (-mu'- 
zTv or -sTv), n. Capable of amusing ; pleasing. 

A-myg'da-late (A-mTg^dft-lat), a. Made of alm- 
onds. ^ n. An emulsion made of almonds. — 
A-myg'da-llne (-ITn), a. Pertaining to almonds. 

Am'y-la'ceons (Sm^T-la'shfis), a. Pertaining to 
or containing starch ; starchy. 

An, (Sn). One ; any ; — same as a, the indefinite 
article, used before a vowel sound. 

An'a-baptlgt (Sn^A-bSp'tTat), n. One of a Chris- 
tian sect which disallows infant baptism. 

OAlL'a-tMUl (Sn'A-bSs), n. A kind of fish which 
walks on land 
and climbs. 

nTz'm), n. Er- 
ror in chronol- 
ogy . — An- 
(-nTs'tTk), a. Involving an anachronism. 

An'a-COn'da (Sn^&-k5n'd&}, n. A large South 
American snake of the Boa family. 

ilAn'mi-tlio'sl-a (Sn/6s-the'zhT-& or -sT-&), ||An'- 
ns-tho'sis (-the'sTs), n. Insensibility produced 
by inhaling chloroform, ete. — An'flBS-tliet'ic 
(-thSt^k), a. Causing or characterized by in- 
sensibility. ^ n. That which produces insensi- 
bility, as chloroform, etc. 

An'a-glypll (Sn'&-glTf ), n. An embossed or chased 

An'a-gOK'io-al (Sn'ArgSj'T-kal), a. Mysterious ; 
mystical ; spiritual. 

An'a-graxn (Sn'&-grSm), n. Transposition of the 
letters of a name, so as to form a new word. 

A'nal (a'nal), a. Belonging to the anus or lower 
opening of the alimentary canal. 

An'a-lep'tic (Sn^ft-lSp'tTk), a. Invigorating ; sav- 
ing strength after disease. ^ a. A restorative 

A-nal'o-gy (&-nSl'ft-jy), n. Agreement between 
things which are in most respects entirely dif- 
ferent. — A-nal'0-giza (-i-jlz), v. t. To explain 
by analogy.— A-nal'O-gons (-gOs), a. Having 


analogy; correspondent. —AA'a-lQgue (fil'4- 
15g), n. A thing analogous to some other thing. 
— An^a-log'io-al (Sn/&-15j1-kal), n. According 
to, or founded on, analogy. 

A-nal'y-alB (ft-nSlT-sTs), n; ^l. Analtsks (-sSz). 
The resolution of a thing into ite constituent 
or original elemente ; — opposed to synthesis. — 
An'a-lyat (Sn'^-lTst), n. One who analyzes. — 
An'a-lyt'lo (-llt'Ik), -Ic-al (-I-kal), a. Of the 
nature of, or fond of, analysis. — An'a-lyt'iC- 
al-ly* adv. — An^a-lyt'ics, n. Science of analy- 
sis. — An'a-lirze (ftn'&-iiz), v. t. [Akaltzbd 
(-lizd) ; Analtzino.] To resolve into first prin- 
ciples or elements. — An'a-IyT'er, n. 

An^am-nestio (Sn^Sm-ngs'tTk), a. Aiding the 

An'a-peat, An'a-pmt (Sn'&-p6st), n. A metrical 
foot of 2 short and 1 long syllables (*""); a 
verse composed of such feet. — AA'a-pest'iO 
(-pSstntk), An'a-pest'lo-al (-T-kal), a. Pertain- 
ing to, or consisting of, anapests. 

An'aidl (Sn'&rk), n. Author of anarchy. — Aa'- 
arcll-lst, n. One who promotes disorder or 
would overthrow civil government. — An'- 
arcll-y (-&rk-j^), n. Want of government ; law- 
lessness; confusion. — A-nai'ClllC (A-nSr^klk), 
A-nar'cUc-al ( - kl - kal ), a. Without govern- 
ment; confused. 

IjA-nas'tTO-plie (ft-nSs'tri-fS), n. Inversion of the 
natural order of words ; as, echoed the hills^ for 
the hills echoed. 

A-natli'e-ma (&-nSth'^-m&), n. Ecclesiastical 
curse ; excommunication ; person or thing anath- 
ematized. — A-nath'e-ma-tize (-m&-tiz), v. t, 
[Anathkmatizbd (-tizd) ; Akathsmatizino.] 
To denounce with curses. 

A-nat'O-my (&-nSt'i-mj^), it. A dissecting; the 
science of the structure of oi^anic bodies ; the 
thing dissected ; a skeleton. — A-nat'O-mlst, n. 
One skilled in anatomy. — A-nat'O-mlze, v. t, 
[Anatomized (-mizd) ; Anatomizing.] To dis- 
sect ; to lay open the interior structure of ; to 
analyze. — An'a-tom'io (Sn'' & - t5m ' Tk), An'a- 
tom'ic-al (-T-kal), a. Belonging to anatomy or 
dissection. — An'a-tom'ic-al-ly, adv. 

An'ces-tor (Sn's8s-ter), n. One from whom a 
person is descended ; a forefather ; progenitor. 
— ^An'ces-txy (-trj^), n. A series of ancestors ; 
lineage ; descent. — An-ces'tral (Sn-sSs'tral), a. 
Relating to, or descending from, ancestors. 

An'clior (Sn'ker), n. An instrument for holding 
a vessel at rest in water ; firm 

support. ^V.t. [A N H O E E D 

(-kSrd) ; Anchobino.] To place 
at anchor ; to fasten ; to fix. ^ i 
V. i. To cast anchor ; to come 
to anchor ; to stop ; to rest. — 
An'clior-age (-aj), n. A „^ ^-^"^^i^J* .. 
place where a ship can an- ««S.toc5» *,§T55* 
Shor; anchor and Necessary <^cFluke.iddArw». 

tackle ; charge for anchoring in a harbor. 

An'clio-ret (anncd-rgt), An'dio-rite (-nt), n. A 

hermit ; a recluse ; a monk. — An'CllO-ross (-ki- 
rSs), n. A female hermit. 

An-clio'vy (Sn- 

cho'vy), n. A 
small sea fish of' 
the Herring fam- 
ily, used in sear Anchovy, 
An'Cient (Sn'shent), a. Old ; of former times ; of 

&, 5t I| o, a, long i &, 6, i, 6, a, f^ short ; senftto, Avent, tdea, dbey , finite, cAre, ibrm, Ask, §11, fimili 



gTHt age ; aatlqiuted ; obaolote. — 

« (in-diDi: or tn-Sto'tt), a. 


bigwoodinHfliBP— ,^. ^ „- 

(-nlliT, a. HuTliiji both wu ; be 

Aa'M4«ta (In'a-At), a. Aetaon.. 

deut. — U'ca-dOflO^ (-dat/I-kil), 

Ah'huoI'ht (•n'S-mSl't-JJ), n. 1 




A-turn'O^OOp* (t-ii«iD'A-ikGp), n. A wuthe 
Aa'fr-nll (iD^rold), nTE^peatliiK with the uj 
An'im-ilim (iDll-rli'ED), n. A toft, pulsAtli 

An'KtL (in'jei), n. 

AiLffal EbIi. a Bpeci«i ol ahork, JiatIi 
pecltinl fins, vbicb 

Aa-iallD (tn-j«'- 
Ik). Aa-pl'fo-al 
(-Lkal), o. Mm 

gels. — Aa-iil'la- 

Aa'gU lls'gSr), n. 
StronE pauloa ex- / 
cited by injuiy t in H 
dlgiutlciii wnth; ^ 

Aiiranlo!? To t^ *°«*' *''^- 

IAU-Ei'n« (fcir'n* or Kn'|l-n*).'" ' [L.] 
ma^DD ol (be thmt. — liAntliU 
(l)«k'ts-rl>). A diatrusing sifecHoi 

An'ilo (Ka'g'l), n- 4 coniBr ; differance of dlrec 

flihini tMkle v.i. [As- ■ 

■LiDTto'Kl'^); ARoi-ara,] ' 
To aih witb line and 

flee ; to Intrigue. — An'- — 
(liT, n. One wbo flahea 
with I. book; ■ kind or C 
flail ; Babing frog. ~ An'- 
tlfr-wlia. ode. AnKuUrly, 


— Aa'tlv-wonn' (-wflrmO. n. 

Aa'|ll-OU (»B'gll-koo), a, BogUah.— n. A 
member oT the church cf Buftlbid i an £piacr^ 
paliui. — Ao'tll-ouirlmi (-Ii'm), n. Attacb- 

An'tU-dwn (h 

Engliah ; to coi 
An'fU-M (in'sll-a*), a 

in'gry Us'b^')' o- [Ahoii«h t-gil 
-'-' -An^flil-"'-' -'"■ -'■'- 
B («s'gti' 

Engliab; lu tha 
t.^-ar); AH. 

An'gU-Ul (*S'gti-lSc), a. Having or conalaUng of 

._ .__._. . — j ^ angle. — Afl'rn-Ur'l-W 

iuality o( baing a ng ii i an — An'- 

An'hv^'tlon (an'he-li'ihllii), 
All-lI7'ai01u (&a^'drila)> a. I 


; indl™ dy< 
dya obtiune 

-mU-virt'), V. i. To turn 

- An'l-nufl-Tu'daii (■ »Sr'. 

-wilM (■vif'tli), o. HaT^ 

An'tnUlO^T-mal),!!. An Drgnnlied Ullngbeblg 
endowed wltb lananUoD and powar of Toluntary 

■oiinala'.— iJi'1-BUl-lam C-Ii'in), n. The atata 
of mere animalai bnitisbneaB. — Aal-mil-iia 

to ragard aa maraly animal or aentlant. — An-ft- 
IIUl'l-tr<«i>-l-mm-l»), n. Animal eibitence. 
Aif l-nul'onl* (Sn'f.iDlU'kai), iiAn'l-mal'm-luii 
C-kB-ldm). „. ; pi. AMiMALCou (.U). Ananlmal 
Iniltlble, or nearly >o, (o tha nahrd eye, — Alt'- 
l-mal'Dii-lu (-hE-l&), Afl'l-mtl'Da-Uns ( - kfl - 

ollifai Bpiritad, — An'l-i 
■oul ia tbe principle of 1! 


; promptneai 
) and bodily devel 

leg.-An'kM (-kilt), n. 

IBiii, noaot, Ocb. nid*, tfO, ftn, MM, ttfM, oat, a 




AB'lllll (In'nalx), n. pi. A chronologioal history ; 
chronicles. — Anfntl-ilt, n. Awiiterof annahi; 
historian; chronicler. 

A]l-llMU,'(Sn-nelOf v. t. [Annsalbd (-nSld') ; Am- 
MBALiNG.] To heat (glass or metal) nearly to 
fluidity, and cool dowly, rendering it less brittle. 

An-nez' (Sn-nSks^), v. t. [Annszso (-nfiksf); 
Annbxino.] To unite at the end ; to subjoin ; 
to affix, ^n. Something appended ; an exten- 
sion oi a building. — An^naz-ation (-S^shfin), 
An-]l9Z'lon (-nfik'sh&n), n. An annflxing ; ad- 
dition ; union. 

An-nl'ld-late (Sn-ni'hT-lSt), v,L To lednoe to 
nothing ; to destroy the form or peculiar distinc- 
tive properties of. — All-Ill^lli-lation (•lS'sh&n)| 
n. Destruction. 

An'Ill-ver'Sa-ry (Sn'nT-vSr'si-rj^), a. Betuming 
with the year ; annual ; yearly, ^n. A day cele- 
brated each year. 

AB'no-tate (Sn'ni-tSt), v. i. To make annota- 
tions, comments, or remarks. — An'no-tatioil 
(-tS'shfin), n. An explanatory note. — An'no- 
tator (-ta'tSr), n. A commentator. 

An-notto (Sn-n6t^), n. A red vegetable dye, 
used to color cheese, butter, etc. 

An-noimco' (Sn-nouns'), V, t. [AimouHCKo 
(-nounstO; Anhovncino (-noun'sTng).] To give 
notice of ; to make known ; to pubush ; to ad- 
vertise. — An-nonnGO'meiit, n. An announ- 
cing; proclamation; declaration. 

An-noy' (Sn-noi')* v, t. [Ammotbd (-noidO ; An- 
KOTiifo.] To incommode ; to vex ; to pester ; to 
bother ; to plague. ^ n. Annoyance. — An-lioy'- 
ance (-noi'ans), n. Disturbuice; molestation; 
injury ; bore. 

An'nn-al (Sn'u.<il), a. Happening every year; 
yearly ; continuing only one year or season. ^ 
n. A thing happening yearly ; a work published 
once a year ; a plant that lives but one season. 
— An'xm-al-ly, adv. Yearly ; year by year. 

An-nn'i-ty (Sn-nu'T-ty ), n. A yearly allowance of 
money. — An-nn'l-taJlt, n. A person who has an 

An-nnl' (Sn-nfil'), v, t, [Annullsd (-nfild') ; An- 
NULLiNO.] To make void or of no effect ; to nul- 
lify ; to abolish ; to cancel ; to set aside. — An- 
niil'meiit, n. An uinulling. 

An'nn-lar (Sn'tt-i&r), An'nn-la-ry (-ift-i^), a. 
Having the form of a ring ; round. — An'mi- 
la'ted (-IS'tgd), a. Having rings or belts. — An'- 
nv-let, n. A little ring. — An'nu-lose' (-{i-los^ ), 
a. Furnished with, or composed of, rings. 

An-nnn'oi-ate (Sn-nfin'shT-St), v. t. To announce. 
— An-nnn^ci-a'tloii (-sT- or -shT-S'shfin), n. An 
announcing ; a church festival (March 25), com- 
memorating the angel's announcement of Christ's 
approaching birth to the Virgin Mary. 

An'O-dyne (Sn'ft-din), n. Medicine which allays 
pain. ^ a, Assuag^g pain ; opiate ; narcotic. 

A-noint' (A-noint'), v. t. To pour oH upon ; to 
consecrate by unction ; to smear or daub. — 
A-nolnt'ed, n. The Messiah. — A-nolnflmeilt, 
n. An anointing. 

A-nom'a-ly (&-nSm'&-lj^), n. A deviation from the 
common rule or from analogy ; an irregularity. 
— A-nom'a-llSBI (-ITz'm), n. A deviation from 
rule ; anomaly. — A - nom ' a - lis ' tio (-ITs'tTk), 
A-nom'a-lls'tlO-al ( - tl - kal), a. Irregular. — 
A-nom'a-lOUS (-&-1&8), a. Deviating from rule ; 
abnormal; irregular. — A-nom'a-loas-ly, adv. 

A-non' (&-n8n'), adv. Quickly ; immediately ; at 

another tfane; again.— B¥«r and man. Now 
and then; frequently; often. 

A-non^-mona ( A-n5na-m&s), a. Wanting a name ; 
without the author's zeal name ; nameless. — 
A-non'y-mona-ly, adv. 

An-Oth'er (Sn-lith'er), a. Not the same ; differ- 
ent ; one more ; any other. 

A-notta (&-n5t't&), n. See Annotto. 

An'sa-tad (Sn'sa-t6d), a. Having a handle. 

An'ier-lna (Sn's3r-in), a. Pertaining to, or re- 
sembling, a goose, or its skin. 

An'iwer (fin'ser), v. t. [Answkbkd (-s8rd) ; An- 
swBBiifo.] To speak or write in return to; to 
refute; to comply with; to face; to suit; to 
atone for. — > v. i. To reply ; to account ; to suit ; 
to conform. ^ n. A reply ; return ; solution. — • 
An'BWar-a-ble (-4-b'l), a. Capable of bemg an- 
swered; liable to answer; accountable; suita- 
ble. —- An ' Bwer - a - hie - ness, n. — An'awnr- 
a-hly (-A-blj^), adv. Suitably ; agreeably. 

An't (ant). CoUoq. contr. of am not, are not^ is not. 

Ant (&nt). n. An emmet ; pismire. — Ant'-eaVar 
n. A tropic- 
al Ameri- 
can animal 
that feeds on 

niz), V. i. To 

act in oppo- ^ ^ 

Bition; to Ant^ter. 

contend. — An-tag'O-nlam < - i - nTz'm ), n. Op- 
position of action ; contest. — An-tag'o-nlst, n. 
One who contends with another ; an enemy ; 
adversarv; opponent; foe. — An-ta£'0-nls'tLo 
(-nTs'tTk), a. Opposing ; hostile ; acting in op- 

An-tal'gio (Sn-tSl'jTk), a. Alleviating pain. — n. 
Medicine which relieves pain. 

Ant-arctiO (Snt-ark'tTk), a. Opposite to the 
northern or arctic pole ; relating to the south- 
em pole or region near it. 

AnVar-t]llit'io(Snt'ar-thrTtnrk), a. Counteracting 
gout. ^ n. A remedy against gout. 

An^te-oed'ent (Sna^-sed'ent), a. Going before in 
time ; prior ; preceding ; foregoing ; previous. 
->n. That which goes before. — An'te-ced'- 
«nt-ly, adv. — An'te-oed'ence (-sed' ens), An'- 
ta-ced'en-oy (-Sn-s^), n. A going before ; pre- 

An'te-ces'BOr (Sn^tft-sSs'sSr), n. One who goes 
before ; predecessor. 

An'te-Cham^her (Sn't^-chSm'bSr), n. A chamber 
leading to the chief apartment. 

An'te-date (Sn'tMSt), n. A date before the true 
time. —v. t. To anticipate; 
to precede. 

An'ta-dl-ln'yi-an (Sn^t^-dMu'- 

vl-on), a. Before the deluge. 
^ n. One who lived, before 
the flood. 

An'te-lope (Sn't^-15p\ n. A 
ruminant quadruped, inter- 
mediate between deer and 

An^te-me-lld'1-an (Sn't6-m$-rTd1-an), a. Being 
before noon. 

An'te-mnn'dane (SnaS-m&n'dan), a. Being be- 
fore the creation of the world. 


S| S| If 0( a, long ; ft, 6, 1, 1^ tt, j^, short ; seziAte, tvent, tdea, dbey, Ibiifce, eAie, i&rm, Ask, ||U, flnol. 





A foretaste ; antici- 


An-tan'na (Sn-tSn'nA), n.; pi. 

One of an insect's feelers. 
An^te-nnp'tial (Sn/ti-nfii/- 

shal), a. Bekig before 


An'te-pas'oliAl (Sn'ti-pSs'- 

kal), a. Being before 

An'te-past (Sn'tt-p&st), n. 


An^te-pe^vlt (Sn't^pe^nrnt), 

ma (-p$-nfilt^-m&), n. The last syllable but two 
of a word. — An^te-pe-niilt'i-mate (-m&t), a. 
Relating to the antepenult. ^ n. The ante- 

An-te'll-or (Jn-te'rl-Sr), a. Before; prior; an- 
tecedent ; former ; foregoing. — An-ta^ll-Ol/i-ty 
(-5KT-ty), n. The state of being anterior ; pre- 

Ante-room (Sn't^room), n. A room leading to 
another ; a waiting room. 

An^thel-mlnmo (SnahSl-mTn'tTk}, a. Destroy- 
ing or expellii^ worms. ^ n. A vermifuge. 

An'uem (an'th»n), n. Church music adapted to 
passages from the Scriptures ; a motet. 

Antber (fin'thSr), n. The tip of the stamen of a 
plant, containing the pollen. — 
AA'thar-al, a. Pertaining to an- 
thers. — AA'tber-lf 'er-oni ( - If ' • 
Sr-&8), a. Producing anthers. 

An-thoro-gy (Sn-th51'2^jj^), n. A 
collection of flowers, or of beauti- 
ful passages from authors. — An'- 
thO-log'lo-al (Snah«-15jT-kal), a. 

An'Uira-olte (Sn'thr&-sit), n. A 
hard, compact variety of mineral 
coal. — An'tlira-oino ( • sTt ' Ik), 
a. Pertaining to anthracite. 

An'thro-pold (itoahrS-poid), a. Re- 
sembling noan. ^n. An ourang ; 
a gorilla. 

An'tliro-pol'O-gy (Snahrft-p51'o-j]^), n. Natural 
history of the human species ; science of man, in 
his entire nature. — An'tlllO-pe-log'iC-al (-p^- 
15jT-kal), a. Pertaining to anthropology. 

An'Uiro-po-mor^liism (Wthr6-p6 - mdr'fTs'm), 
n. Representation of Deity under human form. 
— An'tnro-pe-mor^llOlU (-mOr'ftis), a. Hav- 
ing the figure of man. 

IIAn'Uiro-popli'a-gl (Snahrft-p5f'£-ji), n. pi. 
Man-eaters ; cannibals. — An'thro-pf^ll'a-gy 
(rif)* n. The eating of human flesh ; cannibal- 

An'tiO (Sn'tTk), a. Odd ; fanciful ; fantastic. — 
n. A buffoon ; odd appearance ; trick ; caper. 

Antl-clirlst (Sn'tT-krlst), n. An adversary of 
Christ.— An'tl-Glirls'tlan (-krTs'chan), n. An 
opposer of Christianity.^ a. Opposing Chri»- 

An-tio'1-pate (Sn-tTsnr-pSt), v. t. To take or do 
before another ; to take up beforehand or before 
the proper time ; to foresee. — An-Uo'1-pa'tor 
(-palter), n. — An-tiO'i-pa'tion (-pa'shttn), n. 
An anticipating ; impression of what is to hap- 

Sm afterward; preconceived opinion. — An- 
O'i-pa-tlve (-tlW-pa-tTv), a. Anticipating, 
or containing anticipation. — An-tiC'i-pa-tO-ry 
(-p4-ti-ry), a. Forecasting. 
An'tl-Olirmaz (Sn'tT-kli'mSks), n. A sentence or 
expression in which the ideas become less strik- 
ing, at the close ; — opposite of cliinax. 

ee Anthers. 

An'tt-Oli'nal (Sn^tT-kli'nal), a. Inclining or slop- 
ing in opposite directions. ^ n. A crest line from 
which strata dip in opposite directions ; — caHed 
anticlinal axis. 

An'ti-dOtO (Sn'tT-dSt), n. A remedy for poison or 
other evil. — An'tl-dO'tal (-dS'tal), An'ti-dO'- 
ta-X7 (-d5^t&-ij^), a. Efficacious against poison. 

An-ti-XeVrile (Sn-tT-fSb'rTl), a. Able to aUay 
fever, ^n. Medicine to cure fever. 

An'ti-frlO'tion (Sn/tl-frTk'shfin), n. Anything 
which lessens friction, —a. Reducing friction. 

An'ti-mo-nar'Gliio-aKSnaT-mS-niu/kf-kal), a. 
Opposed to monarchy. 

An'ti-mo-ny (Sn'tT-mS-nj^), n. A whitish brittle 
metal used in medicine and the arts ; an ore of 
the same.— An'ti-mo^-al (-mS'nT-al), a. Of 
or pertaining to antimony. ^ n. A preparation 
of antimony. 

An'tl-no'ml-an (Sn^tT-nS'mT-an), n. One of a 
Christian sect which holds good works not es- 
sential to salvation, ^a. Pertaining to Antino- 
mians. — An'ti-no'mi-an-iBm (-Tz'm), n. The 
tenets of Antinomians. 

An-tln'O-my (Sn-tTn'i-mj^), n. / pi. AirriNOiOBS 
(-miz). Contradiction between two laws; in- 
compatibility of thought or language. 

An-tllKa-tliy (Sn-tTp^A-thj^), n. ; jU. Ahtipathiss 
(-thiz). Aversion; dislike; repugnance; dis- 
gust. — An'ti-pa-tlieriG (Sn/tT-p&-th6tnrk;y, An'- 

n-pa-thet'io-al (-T-kal), a. Having aversion. 

An^U-pUo-fls'tlo (SnaT-fl6-jTs'tTk), a. Counter- 
acting inmunmation. ^n. Medicine or diet to 
check inflammation. 

Antl-plion (Sn'tT-f5n), An-tlpli'o-ny (-tTf'i-nj^), 
n. Alternate or responsive singing; response. 
— An-tlpli'0-nal (-tTf '6 -nal), An' ti-plionMo 
(-f Snlk), An'tt-pkon'lO-al (-T-kal), a. Pertam- 
ing to alternate singing. — An-tlpA'0-nal, n. A 
b<>ok of antiphons or anthems. 

IlAn-tlpll^-Bls (Sn-tTf'rik-sTs),n. Use of words 
in a sense opposite to the true one. — An'ti- 
phiastlo (Sn/tT-frSs^Tk), An'ti-pluastio-al 

(-tT-kal), a. Involving antiphrasis. 

An'tl-pede (Sn'tT-pSd), n.; pi. Aktifodks (Sn- 
tTp'S-dSz). One of those on the opposite side 
of the globe. —An-tip'o-dal (-t-dal), a. Perw 
taiuing to the antipodes ; diametrically opposed. 

Anti-pope (SntT-p9p), n. One who usurps the 

An'n-py-rettG (Sn'tT-pt-rStmc), a. Preventive 
of fever. ^ n. A febrifuge. 

An'tl-qna'll-an (Sn'tT-kwa'rl-an), a, Pertiuning 
to antiquity. — >n. An antiquaiy ; a large size of 
drawhig paper. — An'ti-qna'n-an-ism (-Tz'm), 
n. Love of antiquity.— Antl-4|na-ry (Sn'tt- 
kwt-rjh, n. . One versed in antiquities. — Antl- 
qnate (-kwSt), v. t. To make obsolete, old, or 
void. — An ' U - dJUL ' ted (-kwa'tSd), a. Grown 
old, or out of fashion ; obsolete ; out of use. 

An-tidne' (Sn-tek'), a. Old ; ancient ; of old fash- 
ion, ^n. Anything very old; a relic. — An- 
tlqne^ess, n. — An-tiq^ii-ty ( - tlk ' wl - ty ), n. 
Ancient times ; people or relics of ancient times ; 
great age. 

An-tls'Cl-anS (Sn-tTsh'anz), ||AA-ti8'0i-l (-T-i), 
n. pi. Persons on different sides of the equa^ 
tor, whose shadows fall in contrary directions. 

An'tl-80or-1intlc (Sn'tT-skSr-bu'tTk), An'tl-BGor- 
bn'tio-al (-tT-kal), a. Counteracting scurvy. 

An'tl-80rlp'tlir-al (Sn'tT-skrTp'tttr-al), a. Not ac- 
cordant with Scripture. 

(Sm, recent, drb, r||de, li^ ftm, fdind, f tfbt, out, oU, duir, S0| cinSi ^Ph tbm, thilL 


Aatl-MPtla (In'tl-iSiATk), a. Oppodnf |nb«- 

tati-tla.T'n-Jiti^a-iiiiy'ir-f),n. Oppodtlonta 

■Urerr. —a. Hoatile to dsTery, 
An'tl-ipu-Boaia (lii'tI->pti-m&dTk), a. Op- 

Aail-»HS^(«n!a-.p£rtrk" r* "cSng i"^ 

lAl-U^pIl* (Xn-llB'trS-fEl, n. "Ss^iitlni of 

(-tT-Orimk), a. PtrlalnJiiB U 


n. OppoflttiDn ol 
IM. — In'tl-tlllt'lo 
(In'tI-aiAr[k),Al^-111»fla<l('l-ka]),a. Cdq- 

lB^-tn« (biM:-ep), n. Ttut prtegond by tli« 

which Chrlit ia tbeiRHIyiM. — Ao'tt-typ^lHll 
(■m/ll-tTi/T-kal), a. Relating to, or aiplainlog, 

AnrioT (tot^Sr), n, A bnzich o[ ■ Btic'i hom, 
AD'Tll<iD'''[l),R. Ad iron block, on i^chmetjdi 

lad) di>- 

A'<nM (it-rlit),ii. 

: nuDT, iDdeSiiltelT 

— A-OfUK-tol), 

t4in{ng to Che vHtL 
A-pUC t*-p£Oi 'vJV' Quickli; baitilv; tut 
li^^p (Kp'i-gO'l«), n. IndlHct UKument, 

proiring a tuafE by ibowluic tbe [mponlBillty of 

the DontnrT.— Ara-torlV-*! (-gBfr-kol), o. 

A/^uV^tiiiin,aav. Bcpomtelf luMei Intwo 

A-pufmrnt (i-i^bfumt), n. A iDom or lat of 

AfiL-tbr |Ip'»-thr), n. 

- Ai'i-thsria (-thll/Ik), e 

" "sEind of 


A-PMI^ (^pR'). IKJC- On the poinl 

.-prti-illt (t-pyrt-mt), o. Tonding lo openi 
goDtly purntiTe. — fi. A UxKtiva mediciDe. 

Ap'tl-taiV (ifp^C'tac), R. An opening ; i hole. 

Ap'«r-Tp f^' oee under Ava. n- 

A-PIt'kl-nu (tpSf al-iu). a. HmTini no sittii. 

A'pu (i'peiul, ».; jW. Amu (-Sij; J. Aficu 
^tp^■«*^). Top,tip.ornmin.ltotiuiyllibf|. 

' A-pknr'i-iU. A-plur'B-iU (4-fer^-iIa). n. The 
takltig a letter or lylUble from the begliLaing of 

A-nkt'Bt^ (i-fi'ihT-k), Apb'i-n (Kt'i->f), n. 
Iiosa of the po»er of speech, without Injur; to 
*'-- Tora] orguii or Uie intellect. ~ A-phk'BlS 

A'pllll(i'nri),n. . ;>J. i 

Aph'ft-av (tl't-n^). n. Lou of voice. 
^b'o-IUHL (If't-rTi'm), n. A prei?ept eipreaied 

fr-Illt.n. A writer of »phori«nn Ajh'o-rl*'- 

ao(-rl»'tIk),A»h'Wl«W«l(-tI-kolj,a. Like 

Aph'thou (U^bSne)) Ik Letter having no aoimd. 
A'pl-»-mi^l-*'JJ.''- ApUcelorkoepinftbew. 
A-plao*' (i-i^l. lidv. Id wch ; to the shire ot 

each: euhbyltKlt. 
AP^, a- Bee under Apa. n. 
llA'plomV (f pianOi 
A-poa'a-lTPH (JL-pSk 

. RerelatEon; dia- 

OmlBaion of the hut 
— -r syllnhleof. 


Ap'oddp^), ATodat-Bd), n. An unliDil w 
outtnt. — Ap'o-atl(-t-dal),a. Hivlngiut 
l)A-pDd'»-lJB,(k-plIdt-9Ts),n. AcoiiMquHitcli 

Ap'MM («i/*-JB 

. That pcdnt In Uh moon'i 

Ap'o-logne (Xp't-lfi;), n. A moral tahle. 
*-pol'B-£y (*-p81'*-Jj), n. Something said lo de- 

~A-]»1' a-cet'lo (-^'Tk), A-pdl'a-Ett'lo-d 
(-I-hnl),a. Eieuiatorrcr delemlte. — A-Ptl'- 
O-gllt (-pSlt-JIit), n. One who makee ipDlegy. 

JBAtlD iif^tfee-mWtk). 



ATapk-tliCkia (Ip^-thSm), n. See Aiwmiaii.n. 

AV^flarr (l^-pWkalf). »■ a ill""* charac 
toriied by auddea lua of eenie and motion, — > 
Ap'»«lMtl« (-pimtTk), A^»-glnrtla-«l <-tI- 
k£), a. Fsiialnfnc or predinKMed to ■poplai*. 

A-rotW* (i-pBi^, ». One who lerttkea hli 
piindplea or religion. ^ a. Falie ; miegade- — 
A9Mn«-iy l-Ut^), n. AlMndonment of oae'a 
faltb, pilni^plet, or pBtty.~A-p»'U-tlM 

1 1 MiAto, «nat, Idea, ttbej, amia, oAre, Him, Aik, bD. ODi^ 




(•t&-tiz), V, i. To abandon one^a faith, party, 
church profession, etc. 

Ap'OS-tsme (Sp^Sa-tem), n. An abscess; a sore 
filled with purulent matter. — A-pOB'te-mate 
(A-pSs't^mat), v. «. To form into an abscess, 
and fill with pus.— Ap^oa-tem'a-tous (Sp^Ss- 
tSm'&-tiis), a. Pertaining to an aposteme. 

A-pos'Ue (ft-pSs's'l), n. One sent to execute im- 
portant business; one of the twelve disciples 
sent by Christ to preach the gospel. — A-pos'- 
tle-slllv, n. Office of an apostle. — A-p08'to-late 
(-t(-14t), n. Mission ; apostleship. — Ap'OS-tOl'- 
lc(«p'»»-t511k),Ap'0S-t0l'l0-al(-I-kal),a. Per- 
taining to the apostles or their doctrines. — 

Ap^OB-tol'i-oism (-T-sTz*m), A-pos^to-licKl-ty 
(A-pSs't^-lTs'T-tj^), n. State or quality of being 

A-pOBtro-plie (A^p5s'tri-f$), n, A turning away 
from real auditors, and addressing an imaginary 
one ; contraction of a word by omission of a le&> 
ter, or the mark ['] which indicates such omis- 
sion. — A-postro-pUze (-fiz), v. t. [Afostbo- 
FmzsD (-fizd); A^FOSTBOFHiziiirG.] To address 
by apostrophe ; to contract by omitting letters. 
— Ap'OS-tropll'io (Sp'Ss-trQf'Tk), a. Pertain- 
ing to an apostrophe. 

A-potli'e-oa-ry (&-potht-ki-ij^), n, A compounder 
of medicines ; a druggist. 

Ap^o-thoim, Ap'oph-Uiegm (Sp^-thSm), n. A 
short, pithy saying ; a precept ; a maxim. — ^Ap'- 

o-tbeg-matlo (-thSg-mSt^k), Ap^o-tbeg-mat'- 

lo-al (-T-kal), cu Like an apothegm. 

Ap'O-tlM'O-siB (Sp'^-thS'ift-sTs), n. The elevation 
of a mortal to the rank of the gods ; deification. 
— Ap'0-tlio'o-size (-nz), V, t. [AeoTHsoeizBD 
(-sizdl; Apothhosizino.j To deify. 

Ap-palr (Sp-pal'), V. t. [Appauad (-paid') ; Ap- 
palling.] To smite with terror ; to scare ; to 
intimidate, —v. i. To occasion fear or dismay. 

Ap^a-nage (Sp^pA-nij), n. A portion of land as- 
s^ed by a prince for the subsistence of his 
younger sons ; sustenance ; a dependency or de- 
pendent territory. 

Aj^pa-ra'tns (Sp^pA-rS'tils), n. A collection of 
implements or organs ; furniture ; utensils. 

Ap-pax^el (Sp - pSr ' 61), n. Clothing ; dress ; rai- 
ment. ^ V, t. [A^ABELED or APPAKELLBD 

(-Sid) ; Appabelino or Afpabbllino.] To dress ; 
to clothe ; to attire ; to adorn ; to embellish. 

Ap-pax^ent (Sp-pfo/^nt), a. Visible to the eye ; 
beyond question or doubt ; plain ; certEun ; ap- 
pearing, but not real. — Ap-par'eilt-ly, adv. 

Ap^pa-ri'tlOll (Sp^pA-rTsh^i^, n. An appearance ; 
a thing appearing ; a visible object ; a preter- 
natural appearance ; a ghost ; a specter. 

Ap-par'i-tor (Sp-pSr1-tSr), n. A messenger of a 
spiritual court. 

Ap-peal' (Sp-pel'), n. A removal of a cause or suit 
to a superior court ; a call for proof or decision, 
or to grant a favor ; resort ; recourse. — v. i. 
[Appealed (-peld') ; Appbalino.] To remove a 
cause to a superior judge or court ; to refer to 
another for decision ; to call on for aid ; to im- 
plore, ^t;. t. To remove to a superior judge or 
court; to accuse.— Ap-peal'a-Ue (-ft-bU), a. 

Ap-pear' (Sp-per'), v. i. [Appbarbo (-perd') ; Ap- 
pbabing.] To come or be in sight ; to become 
visible, obvious, or manifest ; to seem. — Ap- 
PMT'anoe (-<ms), n. A coming into sight ; thing 
seen; phenomenon; semblance, or apparent 
likeness ; pretense ; personal presence. 

Ap-PMUW (Sp-p9z0> V* '• [Appbabkd (-pSsdO; 
APFBAsmo. J To make quiet ; to pacify ; to as- 
suage ; to compose ; to calm. — A^PMUi'a-blA 
( - & - b * 1 ), a. Capable of being quieted. — Ap- 
peas'a-lilo-xieBB, n.— Ap-peaad^ont, n. An 

appeasing ; state of being appeased. — Ap-pM'- 
Blve (-pe'stv), a. Having power to appease. 

Ap-poldaiLt (Sp-p611ant), n. One who appeals. — 
Ap-pel'lato (>lat), a. JBelonging to, or having 
cognizance of, appeals. — Ap^pel-latioxL (-IS'- 
shfin), n. The name by which a person or thing 
is called ; title ; address. — Ap-pel'la-tive (-pSl'- 
l&-tTv), a. Pertaining to a common name. — 
n. A common, as distineuished from a proper 
name.— Ap-pel'la-tO-XT (-t$-rj^), a. Contain- 
ing an appeaL — Ap^pel-lee' (Sp'pfil-lSOt »• The 
defendant in an appeal; one prosecuted by a 
private man for a crime. — Ap^pol-lOl' (-Idr'), n. 
One who prosecutes anotherfor crime. 

Ap-pend' (ap-pSnd'), v. t. To hang or attach ; to 
add ; to annex. — Ap-pend'agO (-pSn'daj), n. 
Something added as subordinate or incidentaL 
— Ap-P^d'ant, a. Hanging; annexed; ap- 
pended by prescription. —n. Something ap- 
pended to another as subordinate to it. 

Ap-pon'dlx (Sp-pSn'dTksV n. / pi. E. Afpbndixis 
(•6z) ; L. II Appendices (-dl-sez). Something ap- 
pended; an adjunct; a concomitant; literary 
matter added to a book. 

Ap^per-oeptlon (Sp'pSr-sSp'shfin), n. Self-con- 

Ap/per-tain' ( Sp ' pSr - I5n ' )> v> <• [Afpbetained 
(-tand') ; AppEBTAiNiNa.] To belong ; to relate. 

Ap'pe-tite (Sp'p^-tlt), n. Desire of gratification, 
especially of food or drink. — Ap'po-tlze (-tiz), 
V. t. [Apfbtizbd (-tizd) ; Apfetizino.] To create 
or whet (an appetite). — Ap'po-tiz'er (-tiz^r), 
n. That which creates or whets an appetite. — 
Ap'pe-tent (-tent), a. Desiring ; very desirous. 
— Ap'pe-tenoe (-tens), Ap'pe-ton-oy (-t«n-e^), 
n. Strong natural desire ; eager appetite. 

Ap-plaud' (Sp-plftdO, v.L&L To praise by clap- 
ping the handJs, ete. ; to commend ; to extol ; 
to magnify. — Ap • plaud ' ar, n. — Ap-plauM' 
(-plf^z'T, n. An applauding ; praise publicly ex- 
pressed ; commendation. — Ap-plan'lfdYe (-pl{/- 
sTv), a. Applauding ; containing applsiuse. 

^'ple (Sp^p^l), ft. A tree of temperate climates 
and its fleshy fruit ; the pupil of the eye. 

IjAp^pli^qud' (&{/pl^kaO, a. Ornamented with a 
pattern (cut from other material) applied or fixed 
upon a foimdation. 

Ap-ply' (5p-pli')» V. t. [AmiKD (-plidO, Applt- 
ING. J To lay or place ; to put ; to bring ; to en- 
gage and employ (one*s self) diligently, or with 
attention. ^v. i. To suit; to i^n^ee; to have 
recourse. — Ap-pll'anoe (Sp-pU'ans), n. An 
applying ; a thing applied ; ui instrument ; a 
means. — Ap^ll-oa-ble (Sp/plT-kA^bl), a. Ca- 
pable of being, or fit to be, applied ; suitable ; 
fit.— Ap'pU-ca-Wl'l-ty (-bTi'I-ty), AiKpU-oa- 
Ue-neSB, n. — Ap'pli-oant (-kont), n. One who 
applies ; a petitioner. — Ap'pli-CatO (-kftt), n. 
A right line drawn across a curve, so as to be 
bisected by the diameter; an ordinate. — a. 
Applied or put to some use. — Ap^pli-oatlon 
(-kS'shiin), n. An appljring ; anything applied ; 
a request ; employment of means ; act of fixing 
the mind ; intenseness of thought. 

llAp-po^^gla-tu'n (&-pSd/jA^too'r&), n. A small 
note m music, indicating a passing tone. 

fSni, recent, 6rb, ryde, f^, ftm, food, fdbt, out, oUf ohair, (o, siBip, iQk, thSDi tbiBi 

H. S. Dict.^ 




^poillt^ (Sp-point/), V, t. To fix ; to establish ; 
to ordain ; to prescribe ; to assign ; to desig- 
nate ; to provide ; to equip. — >v. t. To deter- 
mine ; to ordain. — Ap^polnt-ee' (Sp' point- SOi 
n. A person appointed. — Ap-polnt'llieilt (tp- 
point'ment), ». An appointing or state of being 
appointed ; arrangement ; position ; estabUshed 
order or constitution ; pi. equipment. 

Ap-pOHT'ttoll (Sp - p5r ' shQn), v. t. [APPOBTlOXnBO 
(-shfind) ; Afpobtioning.] To divide and assign 
fairly ; to allot ; to distribute. — A^ - por ' tlfUL- 
nailt, f». An apportioning; a dividing into 

^'pO-site (Sp'pi-stt), a. Very applicable ; suit- 
able or fit ; relevant ; pat. — Ap 'po - lite - ly, 
adv, — ApiH>-site-ne8S, n. 

Ap^PO-sitlon (Sp/p6-zTsh'1in), n. The state of two 
nouns put in the same case, without a connect- 
iiiyg word between them. 

Ap-praisa' (Sp-praz'), v. t. [Afpbaiskd (-prSzd') ; 
Affraising.] To set a value on; to estimate 
the worth of. — Ap-pralft'al (-prSz'al), Ap- 
pralse'meilt* i»- An appraising ; valuation. — 
Ap-prall'ar} n. One who appraises; one i^ 
pointed to value goods and estates. 

Ap-pro'Oi-atO (Sp-prS'shl-St), v.t. To value; to 
estimate justly ; to raise the value of. -> v. i. 
To rise in value. — Ap-prt'oi-ft-ble (-A-bU), a. 
Capable of being estimated or appreciated ; per- 
ceptible. — Ap-J^d-ation (-a'shfin), n. Just 
valuation or estimate ; increase of worth or value. 

— Ap-pre'ci-a-tiYe (-A-tTv), Ap-pre'cl-a-to-ry 

(-t$-ij^), a. Having or implying a just appreciar 
tion. — Ap-pro'ol-a-tive-ly, adv. 

Ap^pre-liend' (Sp^pr^-hSndO, v. t. To seize or lay 
hold of ; to understand ; to entertain suspicion 
or fear of. ^v. i. To be of opinion ; to believe. 
— i^pro-lieil'Bi-'ble (-hSn'sT-bU), a. Capable of 
being apprehended. —Ap^pre-lien'siOlL (-hSn'- 
shttn), n. A seizing or taking hold of, especially 
by legal process ; a conception ; a sentiment ; 
an idea ; fear at the prospect of future evil. — 
Ap'pre-ben'SlYO (-sTv), a. Fearful; suspi- 
cious; perceptive. — Ap^pre-lieil'siTe-ly, adv. 
— Ap'pre-lian'sive-xiess, n. 

^p-prantlce (Sp-pr6n'tTs), n. One bound to an- 
other to learn a trade or art. ^v. t. [Appben- 
TiGBD (-tTst) ; Appbknticimo.] To bind out as 
an apprentice ; to indenture. — Ap - pren ' tice- 
slllp, n. Condition of an apprentice ; term for 
which he serves. 

Ap-pilso' (Sp-priz'), V. t. [Afpbibbd (-prizd^) ; 
Afpeisiko.] To inform ; to give notice ; to ac- 
quaint ; to communicate. 

^-proach' (Sp-pr5ch'), V. i. [Affboaghbd 
(-prSchf); Afpboachino.] To draw near; to 
approximate. -^ v. t. To come near ; to ap- 
proximate. ^ n. A drawing near ; access. — 
Ap-proacll'a-ble (-&-b'l), a. Capable of being 
approached ; acoessiUe. — Ap - proacll 'a - ble- 
ness, n. 

^'pro-bate (Sp'pro-bat), v, t. To express or 
manifest approbation of. — Ap'pro-batlon (Sp^- 
pr$-ba ' shun), n. An approving ; consent ; ap- 
proval; liking; attestation. — Ap'pro-ba^tO-ry 
(-baaft-ry), Ap^TO-ba'tlYe (-tTv), a. Approv- 
ing ; containing approbation. 

Ap-pxVpil-ate (Ip-pro'prT-at), v. t. To set apart 
for a purpose, or for one's self ; to assign. — 
Ap-pro'pll-ate (-&t), a. Set apart for a partic- 
ular use or person ; belonging peculiarly (to) ; 

fit ; suitable ; proper ; adapted ; peitiiient ; well> 
timed; peculiar. — Ap - pro ' pri-ate-ly, adv.^ 
Ap - pro ' pil - ate - ness, n. — Ap-pnKprl-a-bl« 
(-i-b'l), a. Capable of being appropriated. — 
~ Ap-pro'pri-a-tiYe (-a-tTv), a. Appropriating ; 
making appropriation. — Ap-pro'pn-a-tlYd- 

ness, n. — Ap-pro'prl-atlon (-S'shiin), n. An 

appropriating or setting apart for a purpose ; 
anything, esp. money, thus set apart. 

Ap-prOTO' (Sp-pr66v'), v. t. [Apfbovsd (-prSovd') ; 
Ansovore.] To be pleased with ; to think well 
of ; to prove ; to commend. — Ap - prOY 'a - blo 
(-AF-b'l), a. Worthy of approbation. — i^-prOY'- 
al, n. An approving ; approbation. 

Ap-prozl-mate (Sp-prSks't-mat), V. L To carry 
or advance near. ->v. i. To come near ; to ap- 
proach.— a. Near; nigh. — Ap-proz^i-ma'tton 
(-ma'shfin), n. Approach ; a coming near. — Ap- 
proz'i-ma^tiYe (-mS/tXy), a, Ai^roximating ; 

Ap^nlse (Sp'piUs or Sp-pttlsO, Ap-pnl'sion 
(-pfil'i^fin), n. A striking against. 

Ap-pnrte-nant (Sp-ptlr'te-nant), a. Belonging to 
by right— Ap-pnrte-nanoe (-nans), n. That 
whi(m appertains to something else ; an ad- 
junct ; an appendage. 

A^rl-OOt (S^pri-k5t), n. A fruit of the plum 

A'pril (S'prTl), n. The fourth month of the year. 
— April fOOL One hoaxed on April 1st. 

A'pron (i'pSm or a'pr&n), n. A part of the 
dress; a cover. 

Ap'ro-pea^ (Sp'r^-pS^), adv. [F.] Opportunely ; 
by the way. 

Apse (Sps), Ap'sis (Si/sTs), n. 
A projecting part of a church, 4a~^ 
with a rounded roof. 

II Ap'sis (Sp'sTs), n. ; pi. Afsidbs 
(-sl-dez). One of the two oo Apridea. 
points in an elliptical orbit 
at the greatest and least distance from the cen- 
tral body. 

Apt (Spt), a. Fit; suitable; liable; prompt. — 
Apt'i-tade (-tT-tud), n. Fitness; adaptation; 
readiness. — Apt^y, adv. — Apt'ness, n. 

Apter-al (Sp'tSr-al^, a. Destitute of wings ; hav- 
ing columns only m front. — Ap'ter-ons (-&s), a. 
Destitute of virings. 

Ap'tote (Sp'tSt), n. An indeclinable noun. — Ap- 
tot'io (Sp-t5tmc), a. Not inflected. 

llA'ana (aOEwft), n. [L.] Water. — ijAqna fortts 
( ^r ' tTs ). Nitric acid. — |j Aqua marine (m&- 
rSnO, or ijAqna marina (-ri'nA). A variety of 
beryl. — llAqna Ylt» (vi'te). Brandy. 

A-qnall-nm (&-kwa'rT-iim), n. ; pi. Aquabia 
(-rT-4). [L.] A tank for holding aquatic ani- 
mals and plants. 

A-qnat'lO (&-kwStTk), a-. Pertaining to or inhab- 
iting water. 

A'qna-tlnt (a^kwA^tTnt or Sk'w&-), A'qna-tlnt'a 
(&^kwa-tTn't&), n. Etching on copper by means 
of aqua f ortis. 

Aq'ne-dnot (&k'w«-dttkt), n. An artificial con- 
duit for water. 

A'qne-ons (S'kw^-tts), a. Pertaining to or com- 
posed of water ; watery. 

A'qnl-form (a ' kwY - f6rm), a. In the form of 

Aq'nl-llne (Sk'w6-lTn or-lin), a. Belonging te 
the ei^le ; hooked or prominent like the eagle's 

fi, 9, 1, 5, a, long i ft, «, 1, 6, tt, t» abort ; aenftte, «vent, tdea, dbey , Unite, cftre, ftrm, ask, ^U, final, 

H-im),lI'»-blo(*r'4-bIk),a. Psr- , 

teblllKtaAltbiaOTlCimiudjItanU. d f 

— An-UOgB. Tha iBngiuge ol Uie V 

Al'ftU* (Il'i-bl), a. mrarUllaae: 1 %. 

idovsd. m ,% 

A-rMw-fiU (t-tiint-IU), o. Beaam- 1 im 

bllnsBflobwebi thlDaaddiillisM. 'I R 

AirU-tn (KiW-ar), •). Ad Dm^n) f 

■ Judge.— Ar'U- bill (-trtAi "• 
Tnfflo In bUlB of flxolungfl, aJH> in . /* 
•tootaol wrjlng nJues, — Al-bif- i™"*!™. 
Ift-BMIt (b-bTMHBent), n. WUl ; detormms- 
tlon: miird of ttbltnton. — Ar'U-tn-ry 
[Ki'H-trt-if), a. Depending on will or diKre. 
tlrai; degpoco ; BbiidDte in power ; bouml bj no 
Uw: tRunloil; OBTioioiu. — Ai'U-tn-il-ly 
ttrt-rt.^), adv. — il^tnU (trit), b. *. 4 t 
iDhMI'Mlddeclde.MubltrUon; to deteimlne 
ganenUi.— Afbl-MtlOn t-trl'ttifln), H. A 
heiFing Mid deciiion by ubitntoni. — Ai^- 
tWttt {-trimr), «. An ubltar.— Artl-tl»'- 
trUl-Mka), Al'U-tnH (-tiSa), ». A female 

Al'blir (ki'bii), n. A l»weT ; ■ ahided sent ; a 

Endle or uii Al-lHrtB-mil (Ki-byrt-B*), a. 
longlog to trea». — ATlje-re^owit (Hr'biTto'- 
*ait), a. KeaembUng or becoming Ilka Ireei. 
— Ai'bD-nVoniH (-saui},!!. Raumblance to 
Iwe.— 4nior-l-eBlfB»C-b6r-I-mU'Hr),n. 

,„,^.^_ ... . — -rta.— irtorJtt,"- 

_ .«r-l-uttu l-iif- 

■ppennnoe, eHieaUlly in 

^,-__ tun <-M-*Hlin), n. A 

ptioaforculUvitlng nuretreeeorelimba. — A^- 
tarona (-Ob), a. Formed by tresL — Al'lnu- 
el« (-bOH'l), n. Adwultree. 
Aitnrtu (UrnjA-tBi), AinmU (-bnt), «. Tbe 

ATMd^ (Ei-kidO, "■ A 
■£<"M'dlt.i), B. / 

lU-IB, a. Ideally ru 



Slyly; i 


pel l-^UBM u prefix 1 

Aroh»-ol'My (Br-kS-M't-iS), 

tiei. _ Ai'DhB-a-lot'lc-'il 
(-S-IOll-kol), a. RelUineto 
•rtliKolngy. — Aj'olUfrOl'O- 
lUt (-Sl'S-JTst), n. One 
venod In ercbreoloKy- 

Ua, nsvut, tH^i, il|de, t<f 

AljUana (Ui-kPTk), a. ObHiete ; Mudcnt i ■>. 
liquated. — Ai'Dba-lim (Kr ' kX-Ti>n), n. An 

Ank'MfgJ iS^f^m). n- An ugel at tbs 
liigbeM order. — Anli'ia-tillO (-In-jfillk), a, 

'01 (lilWbllfa'flp), n. Ghlst buhop ; 
"--- Awh'Mu'op-rtoC-rik), B. 



aignituy aeii m lUE oeiowB Diinop. — Anuv- 

dM'««ti-i7 (-k's-i;), AnlfaM'oaiMailp, n. 

The iuriHiLetlob of An krcbdaacoo. 
Lnli'iika'Qtrcb'diikO.iL A n*ud diike ; ■ (on 
of Ml Emperor ^ Auatii*. — InlflM'oal (-du'- 

I (-dak'dOm)^ n. JurisdicUoD o! an aicb- 

Ank'n (ircb'Si), n. One who aboote wltb ■ 
■---rj ■ bowjBMi. — Amli'ir-T (-*r^),«. The 
_ tA ahootlDB with bow Mid airow. 

Al'ata»'lTP« (lir'kt-Hpj, n. Original oatlera ) 
modet. — Afoht-nVAl (-tl'pol), a. OriginiL 

Ai'aU-»'Pla'0O-I*l ilr^l4-pl«t».pal), a. Be- 
lengliig to an aroliNihaii. 

Ar'OUl(iu'kTl), n. A itoleb dye obtained from 
aevenl ApecLee of licban- 

AroU-P^a-(o <1[r'kI-pn'H:t), ■. a body of 
water Internereed wiUi jela nd a. 

AT'CU-t«ll(lb^I-t«kt),fi. Cue who plana build- 
ing! ; a oontiiiet. — AroU-tM^V* (-Hk^lr), 
Ar«U-tMtir-ll (-tn^llr-al), a. Fertaining 
lo arolilteatuie — Ai'oU-tMr'tnn (-tektAri- -■ 
Tbb art or ndanofl of building, eap. of ix 
Ing bouaco, bndgeBt ~*- * *'^ 

ii'tUOmn (ir^I-R 

Al^ohlTM (KpUvi), n. pi. Publ 

ki'sbon (KrHiac). 
clent AUiena. 

Ai'sU-vW (-kl- 
ma^flatrAle In an- 

Aroh'wiy (Krch'wL,, ... ._ ._„ _ 
AtOtk (Kik'llk), a. Noniien ; lyl 
frigid. — Anmc aiiola. A Isbbs 

AKt^ita (Iirk'a-£t). Aro's-R-tod, a 
bow.— An'n-ltloil (-a'ahOn), n. 

, aia, [<R»d, ffiM. w 




RA.-XV'O-la (A-rS^-U), n./jp/« AxaoiLM (-18). A 
colored rmg around the nipple and certain ves- 
icles. — A-n'O-lar (-iSr), a. Like or pertaining 
to an areola ; filled with interstices. 

A^re-om'e-t0r (a'rt-6m'e-tSr), n. An instroment 
for measuring the specific gravity of fluids. — 
A''reKilll'e-tX7 (-^-trj^), n. A measuring the spe- 
cific gravity of fluids. 

Ar^gal (ar'gU), n. Unrefined or crude tartar. 

Ar'gOILt (iir'jcnt), a. Silvery ; bright like silver. 
->n. White color on a coat of arms, represent- 
ing silver, or^ figuratively, purity. — Ar'geil-tail 
(-jSn-tSn), n. An alloy of nickel with copper 
and zinc ; German silver. — Az'gOlL-tlne (-j8n- 
tin), a. Pertaining to, like, or sounding like, 
ralver ; pertaining to the ArgerUine BepubliCf in 
South Ajnerica {in this sense pronounced lir'jSn- 
ten).— n. Carbonate of lime, having a silvery 
luster ; a white metal coated with silver. — Ar- 
gen'tal (&r-j6n'tal), Ar-gantlO (ar-j6n'tTk), a. 
Like or pertaining to silver. — Ar'f en-tlf'ar-OlU 
(-tTf^r-iis^, a. Containing silver. 

Ar'gil (Sr'jll), n. Clav or potter's earth ; alumina. 
— Argil-la'ceovs (-IS'shQs), a. Of the nature 
of clay. — ArgU-Urer-ons f-llf 'Sr-tts), a. Pro- 
ducing clay. — Ar-gU'lons (-jlllfis), a. Clayey. 

Al'gol (ar'gol), n. Crude tartar ; argaL 

llATgCt' (ar/g5'or8r'g6t),n. [F.] The slang of 
thieves and tramps. 

Ar'gO-sy (ar^ft-^), n. A large ship. 

Ar'glie (&/gu)f V. i. [AfiauBD (-gud) ; ABanmo.] 
To use ai^^umeuts ; to reason ; to dispute, —v. t. 
To debate ; to prove ; to evince ; to persuade by 
reasons. — Ar'gn-er f-gfi-Sr), n. -- ^gn-ment, 
n. Proof or means of proving ; reason ; plea. — ^ 
Az^gn-men-ta'tion (-mSn-ta'shtin), n. A rea- 
soning. — Ax^gn-men'ta-tlYe (-men't&-tTv), a. 
Containing, or addicted to, argument. 

liAr^gns (Sr'giis), n. A fabled being, having a 
hundred eyes, set ifk watch of lo by Juno ; a 
vigilant guardian. — Al'gllS-eyed' (r^^Ot <"" 
Very observant. 

IIA'rl-a (jif rl-k or S^rT-A), n. An air, song, or tune. 

Ax'id (Sr'Yd), a. Dry; parched with heat. — 
A-rld'i-ty (&rrTd1-tj^), Az'ld-neBS, n. Absence 
of moisture ; dryness. 

A-rlgllt' (&-ritO, adv. In due order ; correctly. 

A-rlso' (&-riz'), V. i. [Arose (-roz^) ; Arisen 
(-rYz^'n).] To rise ; to issue ; to spring. 

Az'lS-tCKrra-oy (Sr^T8-t5k'r&-s3^), n. Government 
by the principal persons of a state, or a privi- 
leged order ; nobility or chief persons in a state. 
— A-llBtO-crat (A-rTs'ti-krSt or SrTs-t*-), n. 
One who favors aristocracy ; a noble ; a proud 
or haughty person. — Ar '^ U - to - oraHc (SrOfs- 
t$-krSfTk), Az^l8-t0-crat'ic-al (-T-kal), a. Re- 
lating to aristocracy. * 

A-rltll'me-tlc (&-rTth'm&-tTk), n. The science of 
numbers ; computation by figures. — A-rltll'lIie- 
ti'Olan (-tTsh'an), n. One skilled in arithmetic. 
— Arith-met'lC-al (Sr'tth-mgt'T-kal), a. Ac- 
cording to arithmetic. — Ar'ith-monL'e-ter 
(-mSm'^-ter), n. A calculating machine. 

Atk (ilrk), n. A chest ; a coffer ; a large boat. 

Arm (Srm), fi. The limb from shoulder to hand ; 
branch of a tree ; end of a yard ; inlet of water 
from the sea. -> v. t. [Armed (Urmd) ; Arming.] 
To furnish or equip with weapons or means of 
defense. — v. i. To take arms. 

Ar-ma'da (Sr-ma'd& or -mS'd&), n. [Sp.] A fleet 
of armed ships. 


ATtta-dlllO (Hr'mArdmt), n. ; pi, -dillob (-ISi). 
[Sp.] An animal of 
Soutn America, hav- 
ing the body encased 
in bony plates. 

Ax^ma-ment (Sr'mft- 
m«nt), n. A force 
equipped for war; 
munitions of war. 

Ar'nia-tiure (ar'm&-tdr), n. Armor ; a piece of iron 
used to connect the poles of a magnet. 

Ami'flll (arm'ful), n. As much as the arms can 

Axm'hole (Srm^ol), n. A hole for the arm in a 

Ax^mil-la-ry (Ur'mTl-lft-rj^), a. Resembling, or con- 
sisting of, rings or circles. 
— Azmlllary apbore. An 
instrument consisting of 
rings, circles of the same 
sphere, representing the 
position of the importaxA 
circles of the celestial 

Ar-mip'o-tent (ar-mTp^- 
tent), a. Powerful in arms ; 

Ar'nilB-tioe (Sr'mTa-tTs), n. 
A temporary cessation of 
arms; a truce. 

Arm 'let (arm'lfit), n. A ArmiUary Sphere, 

Ar'mor (ilr'mSr), n. Defensive arms for the 
body; iron covering for ships of war. — Ar'- 
mor-er (-mSr-Sr), n. One who makes or has 
charge of arms or armor. — Ar-mcKrl-al (ar-mo'- 
rl-al), a. Belonging to armor, or to the es- 
cutcheon of a family. — Ar'mo-ry (Ur'mi-ry), n. 
A place where arms are stored or manufactured. 

Arm'pit (arm'pTt), n. The hollow under the 

Arms (armz), Weapons; ensigns armoriaL 

Ar'my (ar'mj^), n. An organized body of men 
armed for war ; a great number ; a host. — 
Army worm. A voracious caterpillar (the lar- 
va of a moth) appearing in large hosts ; the cot- 
ton worm. 

Ar'nl-ca (Ur'nT-kA), n. A plant used as a narcotic 
and stimulant. 

||A-ro'ma (a-rS^mft), n. Fragrant quality in 
plants and other substances; flavor. — Ar'O- 
mat^c (Sr^o-mStOTk), ATo-mario-al (-T-kal), a. 
Fragrant; spicy. — Ar'o-mat'ic, n. A plant, 
drug, or medicine, of fragrant smell, and usually 
warm, pungent taste. — A-ro'ma-tlze (A-rS'ma- 
tiz or Wt-)y V. i. [Aromatized (-tizd) ; Asoma- 
■nziNo.] To impregnate with aroma. 

A-ronnd' (&-round'), prep. On all sides of ; about ; 
from one part to another of. — adv. In a circle ; 
on every side ; at random ; here and there. 

A-ronse' (4-rouz'), v. t, [Aroused (-rouzd'); 
Arousing.] To awaken suddenly ; to excite ; to 
animate ; to rouse. 

A-row' (&-ro'), adv. In a row ; in order. 

Ar'qne-tlllB (ar%wS-biis), n. A hand gun, fired 
from a forked rest. — Ar'qne-lins-ier' (-er')t n. 
A soldier armed with an arquebus. 

Ar'rack (Sr'rSk), n. An East India spirit made 
from rice, the cocoanut, etc. 

Ar-raign' (Sr-ran'), V. t. [Arraigned (-rand') ; 
Arraigning.] To call to answer in court; to 

5,9,1,0, a, long; ft, 6, 1, 6, 0, j^, short ; eenftte, (v«nt, tdea, 6bey, tlnite, cftre, ttrm. Ask, nil, fined. 




Oftll in question ; to accuse ; to impeach ; to cen- 
sure. — iLr-raign'msnt, n. An arraigning. 

Ar-range' (Sr-rany), v. t. [Arbanoed (-rSnjd') ; 
AaRA.NOiNO.] To put, pla.ce, or dispose, in or- 
der; to adjust; to settle.— Ar-range'ment, n. 
An arranging ; state of being arranged ; classifi- 
cation; preparation; adjustment. 

Ar'railt (Sr^rant), a. Very bad ; notorious. 

Az'ras (Sr'ras), n. Tapestry; figured hangings. 

Ar-ray' (Sr-ra'), n. Order ; posture for fighting ; 
orderly collection ; dress ; raiment ; body of ju- 
rors summoned to court. ^ v. t. [Arraykd 
(-rSd') ; Arratino.] To dispose in order (troops, 
etc.^ ; to deck or dress ; to set in order (a jury) ; 
to dispose ; to draw out. 

Ar-reax' (Sr-rSr'), Ar-reaxs' (-rSrs/)* Ar-reai^- 
age (-rer'aj), n. Part of a debt unpaid, though 

Ar-reor (Sr-rSktO, Ar-raoTod, a. Lifted up; 
raised; erect. 

Ar-raat' (tr-r6sf ^, v. t. To check the motion or 
action of ; to seize or apprehend by authority of 
law ; to obstruct ; to detain ; to stop ; to appre- 
hend.— n. Hindrance; an apprehending of a 
person by authority of law ; seizure. 

llAr-rdt' (Sr-rSf; F. kt-rS/), n. A judgment or 
decree of a French court ; an edict of a prince ; 
seizure of persons or of goods ; arrest. 

Ar'^ (Sr'rTs), n. In architecture, an edge formed 
by the meeting of two surfaces, plane or curved. 

Ar-llYO' (Sr-rivO* v, i. [Arrived (-rlvd'); Ar- 
RTViNO.] To come ; to reach. — Ar-rlv'al (-riv'- 
al), n. An arriving ; a person or thing arriving. 

Ax*YO-gant (Sr'ri-gant), a. Assuming undue im- 
portance ; overbearing ; insolent. — Ar'ro-gant- 
ly, adv. — Az'ro-gance (-gans), n. Act or habit 
of arrogating; assuming; overbearing. — Az'- 
ro-Cate(-gat),v. <. To claim unduly ; to assume. 

— Ar^ro-ga'ueil(-ga'shfin), n. Assumption; in 
law, adoption of a person of full age. 

AxTow (Sr'ri), n. A pointed weapon shot from 
a bow. ^^ ^^^ 

Ar^w-root (-root), n. ^ — ■^■K 
A tropical plant, yield- Arrow, 

ing a nutritious starch, 
used for children's and invalids' food. 

Az^'sa-nal (Sr's^nal), n. A magazine for arms and 
military stores. 

Az^sa-nlO (Si/sS-nTk), n. A metal ; also, its white 
poisonous oxide. — Ar-Sttn'io (-sSnTk), Al-sen'- 
io-al (-T-kal), Ar-se'ni-OllS (-sS'nT-iis), a. Com- 
posed of, or containing, arsenic. 

llAr'siB (Sr'sTs), n. That part of a poetical foot 
distinguished by gpreater stress of voice. 

Ar'aon (kr^s'n), n. Malicious burning of another 
person's house, ship, etc. 

Art (Srt). 2d pers. sing. pres. indie, of Ba. 

Art ('art), n. Acquired skill ; dexterity ; aptitude ; 
skill ; artifice ; deceit. — Art'fol (-f \il), a. Skill- 
ful; cunning; crafty; sly. — Alt'lu-ly, adv. 
— Arffnl-neaa, n. — Artleaa, a. Free from 
art, craft, or stratagem; ingenuous; contrived 
without art or skill; inartiflciaL — Alt'leas-ly, 
adv. — Artleaa-nesa, n. 

Ar'ter-y (Sr'tSr-j^), n. A large vessel convejing 
blood from the heart ; a channel of communica- 
tion. — Ar-te'rl-al (-te'rT-al), a. Pertaining to, 
or contained in, an artery. — Al-tO'rl-al-lze (-iz)f 
V. i. [Arterialized (-tizd) ; Arterializino.] To 
communicate the qualities of arterial blood to. 

— Ar-te'rl-al-i-za'tlOlL (-te'rt-al-t-za'shan), n. 

An arterializing. — Ar-tS'll-Ot'O-my (JSH/t mf), 

n. Opening or dissection of arteries. 
Ar-te'allin (iir-te'zhan), a. Pertahiing to Artois, 

in France. — AztealaJl welL A well bored into 

the earth till it reaches water. 
Artful, Art'fnl-ly, etc. See under Art, n. 
llAr-tlirl'tla (iir-thn'tTs), n. Inflammation of the 

joints ; gout. — Ar-thrlt'io (-thrTt^k), Al-tluir- 

lo-al (-i-kal), a. Pertaining to the joints, or to 

Ar'ti-GllOke (iir'tT-chSk), n. A food plant of the 

thistle kind. — Jemaalem artlolidke. A species 

of sunflower, bearing a tuber like the potato. 

Ar'ti-Ole (Sr'tT-k'l), n, A distinct portion of any 
writing ; a clause ; a concise statement ; a par- 
ticular commodity or substance; in grammar, 
one of the words, a, an, the, used to define the 
application of nouns, —v. t, [Artiolbo (-k'ld) ; 
Abticlino (-klTng).] To set forth in aistinct 
articles or particulars; to bind by articles of 
covenant or stipulation ; to indenture. ^ v. i. To 
agree by articles ; to stipulate. 

Ar-ti(Kn-Uur (ar-tTk^fi-ler), a. Pertaining to joints. 

Ar-tlc'n-lato (; Sr - tlk ' ii - lit), a. Formed with 
joints; distinctly uttered; clear.— n. An in- 
vertebrate animal, having the body and mem- 
bers jointed.— Ar-tiCll-late (-lat), v. t. To 
joint ; to unite by a joint ; to form into element 
ary sounds or into distinct syllables or words. 
— v. i. To utter articulate soimds; to enunci- 
ate. — Ar-tio'n-late-ly, adv. Distinctly ; clearly. 

— Ar-tiO^U-la'tiOlL (-la'shfin), n. Junction of 
the bones of a skeleton or psurts of a plant ; ut- 
terance of sounds of language ; a consonant. 

Ar^-fioe (Kr'tt-fTs), n. An artful or skillful con- 
trivance ; device ; stratagem ; deception ; fraud. 
— Ar-tin-Oar(ttr.tTfnr-a;r),n. A skillful work- 
man in some art. — Ar'n-fi'olal (-fish'al), a. 
Made or contrived by art ; factitious ; feigned ; 
fictitious ; cultivated ; not indigenous. — Ar'tt- 

fi'olal-ly, adv. — Artl-fi'olal-iieaa, Arti-fi'ol- 
al'l-ty (-fTsh't-MT-ty), n. 

Ar-tUOer-y (Sr-tTiaSr-jf), n. Offensive weapons 
of war ; great guns ; ordnance ; troops armed 
with cannon ; gunnery. — Al-tiller-iat (-iSr^ 
Tst), n. One skUled in gunnery. 

Art'i-aan (Sr'tT-zSn), n. One skilled in any me- 
chanical art ; a handicraftsman. 

Art'lat (SrtTst), n. One who professes one of 
the fine arts. — llATtlate' (Si^tSsf )> n. [F.l 
One peculiarly dexterous in any art. — Al-tla^ 
tic (-tIs'tTk), Ar-tia'tio-al (-T-kal), a. Pertain- 
ing to, or characterized by, art; made in the 
manner of an artist. 

Art'Ieaa, etc. See under Art, n. 

A-nm^di-na'oeoiLI (A^rtinMT-na'shtis], a. Like 
or pertaining to a reed or cane. — AjYllll-dllL'a- 
ona (Sr^&n-dTn'^-iis), a. Abounding in reeds. 

A-ni8i;)ioe (ft-rfis^pTs), n. A priest or soothsayer 
in ancient Rome. [Written also haruapice.'] — 
A-ma'pl-oy (-pt-sj^), n. Divination. 

Aa (Sz), adv. Like ; similar to ; while ; during, 
T>r at the same time that ; in the idea, charac- 
ter, or condition of ; for instance ; thus. 

Aa'a-fet'i-da, ATa-fet'i-da ^Ss^A^fStT-dft), n. A 
fetid inspissated sap, used m medicine. 

Aa-baataa (Ss-bSs'tfis), Aa-boa^a (-t5s), n. A 
fibrous variety of hornblende and pjrroxene, 
sometimes wrought into an incombustible cloth. 

— Aa-liea'tlne (-tin or -tin), a. Pertaining tc 

liniy rac«Qt, 6rb, r||de, f yll, ftm, ftfind, f ol^t, out, oil, ctaair, go, ainK, ink, tbeii, tbiik 




AlMMBd' (Sa-aSiidOf v. i. To move upward ; to 
mount ; to rise. —v. /. To go upward upon ; to 
climb. — As-Ott&d'ant (-ant), a. Above the hor- 
izon; superior; surpasdng. ^ n. Superior or 
commanding influence; height; elevation. — 
As-oand'ttl-oy (-Sn-^^, n. Superior or control- 
ling influence ; authontv ; sway ; control. 

A8-OOn'sion (Ss-sSn'shtln), n. An ascending or 
rising; the visible elevation of our Savior to 
heaven. — AsoeniiOll day. A festival com- 
memorating Christ's ascension into heaven ; 
Holy Thursday. — As-0(Nl'8ion-al (-al), a. Be- 
lating to ascension. 

Al-oont' (Ss-sinf), n. A rising ; a way by which 
one ascends; an. eminence, or high place; the 
angle which an object makes with a horizontal 
line; inclination. 

At^cer-taln' (Xs^sSr-tSnO) v, L [Ascibtainxd 
(-tiindO ; Abcbrtaikiko.] To make certain ; to 
establish with precision ; to find out. — Aa'cer- 
tain'a-Ue (-&-bn), a. — Aa^cer-tainlaeiit, n. 

As-0«t'iO ( Ss- sSt ak ), a. Unduly rigid or self- 
denying in religious things. ^n. A recluse; 
a hermit. — ASHMt'i-ciam (-T-sIz*m), n. The 
practice of ascetics ; austerity. 

Ai-OlfiO (Ss-sTflk), a. Dropsical. 

At-crlbe' (Ss-krib'), v. t. [Ascsibbd (-kiibdO; 
AscBiBiNO.] To attribute ; to impute ; to as- 
sign. —Al-OXlVa-llle (-kria>&-bn), a. Capable 
(rfbeingascribed. — Aa-oriptloiL (-krTp'shfin), 
n. An ascribing ; thing ascribed. 

Asll (Ssh), n. A forest tree of the Olive family ; 
also, its wood. — Asll'an i-en), a. Made of ash 
wood ; of the color of ashes ; ashy. — Asll'es 
(-Sz), n. pi. Incombustible remains of burnt 
matter ; remains of a dead body. — Aall'y (-j^), 
a. Ash- colored; like ashes. — Asll Wednes- 
day. The first day of Lent. 

A-8Aamod' (A-shamd'), a. Affected by shame ; 
abashed by guilt or impropriety. 

Ashlar, Asll'ler (Ssh'iSr), n. Freestone as 
brought from the quarry; stones for facing 
walls. — Aslller-ing, n. The setting of ashlar 
facing ; partition timbers in garrets. 

A-Sliore' (a-sh5r'), adv. On or to shore ; on land. 

A-Side' (A-sidOf oav. On, or to, one side ; out of 
the way; apart.— n. Something said aside or 

As'l-nlne (SsOt-nin), a. Like an ass ; stupid. 

Ask (Ask), V. t. & i. [Asked (Askt) ; Askino.] To 
request ; to inquire ; to require ; to interrogate. 

A-slnnoe' (A^skans'), A-skant' (-skSnf), adv. 
Obliquely; sideways; toward one comer of 
the eye. 

A-Skew' (&-8ku')t odv. Sideways ; askant. 

A-Slant' (A-al&nt/), adv. In a slanting manner ; 

A-Sleev' (A-slSp'), a. & adv. In 
a state of sleep or death ; at 

A-slope' (&-sl5p0f aefv. With a 
slope or descent. 

Asp (Asp), n. A small hooded 
and poisonous serpent of 

As-par'a-gns (Ss-pSr^ft-giis), ». 

A culinary garden plant. 
Aspect (Ss'pSkt), n. Look; .^ 

mien; air. ^^' 

Allien (Ss'pSn), n. A tree ; a species of poplar. 

— a. Pertaining to the aspen. 

As-pex^-ty (Ss-p8rt-tj^), n. Roughnett; hanli- 
ness; acrimony. 

A-spez'mons (A-spSi^fis), a. Destitute of seeds. 

As-perse' (Ss-pSrs^). v. t. [AsraasBD (-pSrsf) ; 
AsPBBSXNO.] To bespatter with foul reports; 
to slander ; to defame. — As-per'sien ( - p3r '- 
shfiu), n. A sprinkling ; calumny ; censure. 

As'phalt (Is^Slt or Ss-SiV), As-pnal'tnm (-flQ^- 
tam), n. Mineral pitch ; compact native bitu- 
men ; an artificial preparation of coal tar, lime, 
sand, etc., used for pavements, roofs, etc. — 
As-f kal'tiO (-fSl'tTk), a. Pertahiing to or con- 
tainuig asphalt. 

As^O-del (Ss'ft-dSl), n. A perennial plant hav- 
ing beautiful flowers. 

As-^yz'i-a (as-fTks^-A), As-^kyx^ i-f), n. Ap- 
parent death ; suspended ammation. 

AsP'lo (Ss'pTk), n. The asp. Also, a species of 
lavender, yi^ding volatile oil. Also, a meat 
jelly, made with game, fish, eggs, etc. 

As-pu/ant (Ss-pir'ant), a. Aspiring; ardently 
desirous of rising, ^n. One who seeks eagerly. 

As'pi-rate (Ss'pT-rat), v. t. To pronoimce with a 
breathing or full emission of breath. — n. A let- 
ter which is aspirated ; a mark of aspiration ; a 
whispered consonant. — a. Pronounced with a 
rough breathing. — As'pl-ration (-ra'sh&n), n. 
An aspirating or aspiring ; pronunciation of a 
letter with fiidl emisiBion of breath ; strong wish 
or desire ; ambition. 

As-pire' (Ss-pu/), v. i. [Abfibed (-pird') ; As- 
FIBIK6.] To desire eagerly ; to long ; to rise ; to 
ascend. —As-pir'er (-pir'tr), n. 

A-sqnlnt' (ft-skwlnf), adv. Obliquely ; askant. 

Ass (&s), n. An animal of the Horse family ; 
a dull fellow ; a dolt. 

As'sa-tota-da (Ss's&. 
f6tT-d&),n. SeeAs- 


As-saU' (Ss-»10* V- 1. 
[Absailbd (-said') ; 
Assailing.] To at- 
tack ; to assault ; to 
beset.— -As -sail fa- 
ille, a. Capable of 
being assailed. — As- 
sail 'ant (-ant), n. 
One who attacks. 

— a. Assaulting; assailing. 

As-sas'sin (Ss-sSs'sTn) , n. One who kills by secret 
assault. — As-sas'sin-ate ( - sT - nSt ), v. t. To 
murder secretly. — As-sas'si-na'tion (- sT - ni'- 
sh&n), n. An assassinating. 

As-sanlt' (Ss-s{^If ), n. A violent attack ; an on- 
set ; a charge. —v. t. To attack. 

As-say' (Ss-sa'), n. Trial; attempt; examina- 
tion (of the quantity of metal in an ore) ; a sub- 
stance to be assayed. — v. t. [ Abbaybd (-s5d') ; 
AssAvrao.] To subject to chemical examina- 
tion. ^ V. %. To attempt ; to try ; to endeavor. 

— As-say'er, n. 

As-sem1)Ie (Ss-sSm'bU), v. L [Assbmblbd (-b*ld) ; 
AssEMBLiNO.] To bring or call together ; to con- 
vene ; to congregate. -> v. i. To meet ; to con- 
vene. —As-sem'lblage (-blfij), n. An assem- 
bling ; a collection of persons or things ; a group. 

— As-sem1)ly (-biyj, n. A company assem- 
bled ; a meeting ; a legislature ; a congregation. 

As-sent' (Ss-sSnf), n. An assenting, admitting, 
or agreeing to anything ; consent, —v. t. To 
admit a thing as true ; to concede ; to consent. 

&• 9, !,$,&, long; &, 4, 1, 6, tl, j^, abort ; aenlUe, dvent, tdea, 6b^, Unite, cAre, llrm. Ask, §11, flnoL 




— Aa^MOrta^en (Ss'sen-tii'shfizi), n. Aaaeaat 
by way of flattery ; adulation. 

AM-ntXV (Ss-sSrt'), V. t. To af&rm poritiYely ; 
to maintain ; to aver. — As-SOl/tion (n^r'shfin), 
n. An asserting ; affirmation ; vindication. — 
As-BUt'lve (-sSrt'lv), a. Positive; affirming 
confidently.— As-sert'or (-Sr), n. — Afl-MIt'- 
O-ry (-^ij^)t a* Affirming ; maintaining. 

Ab-MSB' (aa-sSs'), v, t. [Assssskd (-sSsf); As- 
8SS8IMO. J To tax ; to value ; to determine ; to 
estimate. -- Al-seBB'a-lile (-868'&-b*l), a. Li- 
able to be assessed or taxed. — As-sess'llLent 
(.mait)| n. An assessing; valuation of prop- 
erty ; sum charged. — AB-BABS^or (-sSs'Sr), n. 
An associate ; one appointed to apportion taxes. 

As'Betl (Ss'sSts), n. pi. Property in possession or 
money due ; effects of one dead or insolvent. 

Aft-fley'er^lte (Ss-sfiv^r-St), v. t. To affirm sol- 
emnly ; to aver. — Aft4eT'er-a'tlon(-a'sh)in), n. 
Podtive affirmation. 

As-sid'n-OIIB (Ss-sTd'd-fis), a. Constant in ap- 
plication ; dUigeut ; persevering ; indefatigable. 

— AB-Bid'u-ons-ly, adv. — As-sid' n-ouB-neas, 
ATBl-dU'l-ty (Ss'sT-duT-ty), n. 

Ab-bIiii' (fis-^m'), V. t. [AssiaNXD (-sind') ; As- 
signing.] To appoint; to allot; to select; to 
designate; to make over to another. —n. A 
person to whom property is transferred ; an aa- 
si^ee. — A8-Blgn'a-Dle (-un'A-bU^, a. Capable of 
being assigned. — Aa'sig-ZUItlOlL (-sTg-nS'sh&n), 
n. An assigning or allotting ; an appointment 
for meeting. — AB'Blgll-ee' (Xs^st-ne'), n. One 
to whom something is assigned. — AB-Blsn'or 
(-nn'Sr), Afl-Bllll-or' (-sT-nBr'), n. One who 
assigns or makes a transfer to another. — Ab- 
Blgnllient (-nn'ment), fi. An assigning; a 
transfer of title, interest, or right. 

As-Blnt^i-late (Ss-sTmT-lat), v. t. To make sun- 
ilar ; to convert into a like substance. — v. i. 
To become similar ; to be converted into the sub- 
stance of the body. — AB-Bim^l-la'tton (-sTm^T- 
la'shSn), n. An assimilating. — AB-Bim'i-lB- 
tive (-sTm'T-li-tIv), a. Tending to assimilate. 

As-BlBt' (Ss-sTst^), V. /. To give support to ; to 
succor.— v. i. To .help; to be present; to at- 
tend. — AB-BlBt'ance (-ans), n. Help ; aid ; re- 
lief. —A8-BlBt'ant (-ant), a. Helping; aux- 
iliary, ^n. One who aids ; an auxiliary. 

Ab-bIm' (Ss-siz'), n. A court or session of a 
court for trial of processes ; the time or place of 
holding the court of assize. ^ v. t. [Assizbd 
(-sizd') ; Absizimg.] To fix the weight, meas- 
ure, or price of. — AB-siz'er (-siz'Sr), n. 

As-BO'ci-ate (Ss-sS'shT-at), v. t. To join in com- 
pany as friend, partner, etc. ; to unite in the same 
mass. ^ V. t. To unite in company, ^o. Closely 
connected. — n. A companion ; mate ; partner. 

— AB-BO^Ci-a'tion (-shT-S'shfin or -sT-a'shfin), n. 
Union ; connection ; company or society. — Ab- 
BO^Oi-a'tion-al, a. Pertaining to an association. 

— AB-BO'd-a-tiYO (-shT-a-tTv), a. Tending or 
pertaining to association. 

As'BO-nailt (Ss's^-nant), a. Having resemblance 
of sound, but not rhyme. — AB'BO-nance (-nans), 
n. Resemblance of sound without rhyme. 

As-BOXt' (Ss-s6rt'), V. t. To separate into classes. 

— As-BOrt'meilt (-sdrf ment), n. A selecting and 
arranging ; things assorted ; a variety of sorts 
or kinds adapted to various wants or purposes. 

As-Bnage' (Ss-swaj'), v. t. [Assuagbo (-swajd') ; 
Assuaging (-swa'jTng).] To soften; to allay; 

to appeaae ; to soothe ; to mitigate ; to aQeriate. 

AB-Bnmo' I 

suming. J To take ; to take for granted, or with- 
out proof ; to pretend to possess. — v. i. To be 
arrogant ; to claim undidy. — AB-Bnm'lng, a. 
Arrogant ; forward ; pushing. 

IIAB-Biuip'sit (Ss-eiimp/sTt), n. A promise; an 
undertaking ; an action to recover damages for 
breach or non-performance of contract. 

AB-Bnmp'tiOll (8s-s&mp'shiin), n. An assuming ; 
supposition ; a thing supposed ; a postulate ; a 
festival commemorating the ascent of the Virgin 
Mary into heaven. 

Ab-BVO' (&-shnr^), v. /. [AsBUBBD (-shnrdO ; As- 
suring.] To make sure ; to render confident ; to 
confirm ; to insure. — AB-Blir'ance (-ons), n. 
Certain expectation ; freedom from doubt ; firm- 
ness of mind ; intrepidity ; excess of boldness ; 
impudence; insurance. — AB-BVr'ed-W (-Sd-ljh, 
adv. Certainly; without doubt. — AB-BVX'ed- 
nesB, n. 

Aster (Ss^tSr), n. A genus of herbs ; starwort. 

AB'ter-lBk (Ss'tSr-Tsk), n. A mark [*] m print- 
ing. — ABtor-iBUL (-Tz*m), n. A constellation 
of fixed stars ; three asterldcB [%*] calling at- 
tention to a printed passage. 

A-Btem' (&-stem'), adv. £i, at, or toward, the 
hinder part of a ship ; behind a ship. 

Afl'ter-oid (Ss'tSivoid), n. One of the small plan- 
ets between Mars and Jupiter. — AB^taTHUd'al 
(-oid'al), a. Pertaining to the asteroids. 

Astll'llia (Ss^mA, Xz'm&, or SsfmA), n. A dis- 
order of respiration, with difficult breathing. — 
ABth-maric (-mSt^k), ABth-mat'lo-aK-T-kal), 
a. Pertaining to, or aifected by, asthma. 

A-Btlg'ina-tiBm (&-BtIg'm&^Tz'm), n. The defect, 
in the eye or a lens, of not bringing the rays 
of light to a focus, causing imperfect inu^^es. — 
AB^ttg-mat'iO (Ss'tTg-mSt/Tk), a. Pertaining 
to, aiiected with, or remedying, astigmatism. 

AB-ton'iBlL (Sa-t9nTsh), v. t. lAbtonishsd (-Tsht) ; 
Astonishing.] To strike dumb with sudden 
fear, terror, or wonder. — As-ten'ildL-illg, a. 
Amazing ; surprising ; admirable ; marvelous. 
— AB-Um'iBll-meilt, n. Confusion of mind from 
fear or surprise ; wonder ; admiration. 

AB-tonnd' (Ss-toundO) V. t. To astonish ; to strike 
dumb with amazement. 

A-Btiad'dle (&-Btrfid'dn), adv. With the legs 
across a thing. 

Astra-gal (Ss^tr&^g^), n, A little round mold- 
ing at top or bottom of a column or a cannon. 

As'lial (Ss'tral), a. Belonging to the stars; 

A-stray' (&-stra'), adv. Out of the way ; wrong. 

As-trlot' (Ss-trTkt')f V. t. To constrict ; to con- 
tract. —As-trlG'tiOlL (-trTk'shiin), n. A bind- 
ing ; restraint ; contraction. 

A-sMdo' (^strid'), adv. Across ; with the legs 

As-trlnge' (Ss-trTnjO* v. /. [Astrinobo (-strTnjd'); 
AsTRiNomG.1 To bind fast ; to constrict ; to 
contract. — As-trtn'gont (-trTn'jent), a. Bind- 
big ; contracting ; strengthening ; — opposed to 
laxative, ^n. A medicine which binds. — As- 
trln'gen-Gy (-jen-sj^), n. Power of binding or 
. contracting. 

As-trol'o-gy (Ss-trSl'd-jj^), n. A predicting events 
by the aspects of the stars. — As - trol ' - ger 

fSn&i recent, 6rb, ryde, fyll, tiim, food, fdbt, out, oil, diair, go, sinK, ink, then, Uiin. 

{-ftr}, n. On* who pnteodi to focsMl eimti 
if ttw Man. — Ai'tn-Uiria HSTTk). AVtn- 
Ia>la-il(-M»1),ii. BelnODgtoarpuiakiDeot 

Afrtnn'I^VT (KMrfliitHnV), K. BcicDO* dT tfaa 
beuanly bodlH — Aa-mu'ii-mi, n. One 
T«nad in utrmomy- .— Ai^ttv-xuan^w (iB'trJt- 
nOmTk), Aatnwm'l»«l (T-kal), a. 

fta-lnt*'OEl-tnt'). O' CrltiuU; dlKsmlog: 
■hnnd i inbtle j ngiiclaiij. — i*-t-*-' 

A-IT^Dm (iHri ' Idm), n. A rafngs ; 

. p-totl (blm-tSt or i^lmptat), ». A lln 
Always nevlDff A cm-re, but ogtbj reaching it. 
lA-ijn'Oe-ton U-BlD'd«-i&i), n. ABgiuelarhst 


Afa-Ihu (tc^fln), n, A TmUsli dtgg 

A^^ (»f*-.I 


ot paculUrltiea or diaeaae 

&U (it), pret. of E«, B. (. 

AtHfr-lun (a'tht-Ii'm), n. DIatHllal In the 
of a God. - AthMrt n. Oiie who daait . 
eilBtonrw of a Bupreme Being. — A'thfrWio 
l-lit/Ik), Alie-Wlinl (-I-koO, a. Denying a 
Ood ; Inidoiu. 

Atk'e-Ho'iiM (Itb'l-Denim), Ath'o-aB'iini, n. a 
pubUo lll«nzT Of KlentlAc aaaociBtiDn or library. 

A-ttalnC (i-ttaSntO, a. Thintj ; eager. 

Athlrt* (ilVin), n. A contender lor Tictory in 
wreMlfaig.elo.— Aa-Kt^(Itlt.Mt^k).a. Be- 
l^igbig «t wreatUng, boxing. »nll OUur manly 
eKercuee i itTObg ; robuit i vuoroui. 

A-tkWUf (Il41i>^tn/1, prni. Icro« ; from aide 
to ride of. —ode. fiid^nisa ; obUqnely. 

A-tUt'(t-tTlf),a([v. Aelfabouttamakeathruat; 

Atlu iWVU), n. A bsatben god, lepreiwnbed 
aa bearing up the 

den, - At - Un'- 
tll f-lioraz), n. 
pi, FlRLre. of 

Ho (-lintlkl, a. 
Fertalning to the oi 

At^M-pbore (ifmSi- 

n between Btirope Kid 
').n. The sir Borraund- 

pk«r%i (-ferTk), At'moi-vh<i'l<Ml <-T- 
ft, S, t,S, a, loDC i b, «, i, S, 0, jr, ab 

,-t«U' fi-tBI'), ■ 
Ting of ooral rei 


Af<im|afnm),n. An Dltlmatelndi^Jb^ particle 
>f matter; a minute parUcle. _ A-tomlo (H- 
^BrnTh), A-tom'lo-ll (-I-kol), a, Belatiug to, 

7.(. TorediLeto 

A-lnaa' (i-Wn-), « 

^F. '. To recwdle ; 1 

- At'om-li'w (■ii'Bti; 
--—-"■ -ftid'ttSmil 

; satiaf action ; repantioo. 
A-ton'tO (A^tUoak), a. Vutlngtme ortenahni 

A-top' (ttSp'). odv. Atoronthetop; aboTS. 
•"— M-l»Tl-ui (lt'r*-bT-ia'rI-on), Afn-U-W- 
ni (-rt-"''' Al'm-l^'Hn* (-Ml'jBaj.o. 

AVra-BBn'Ul (it'ci-niBD'tal), Afra-BigiitOBS 
(-tfls), a. Black, like ink ; iAy. 

A-bt>'m(nu (4-triS'etjDs), a. EiceodlnHly wicked ; 
heinuua ; flagrant. — A-tn ' Btoiutlr, adv. — 
A-tro'oloiu-iuu. A-tnn'l-t; (-trSe'I-tJ), n. 

AtT»phT(«frt-(5), n. Wwthig away from lack 

At-tlob'jKt-tichQ.v.'. [ATTumiD (-tlchf ) ; AI- 
TACjflNO.] Tobind; to take by ten] authority ; 
to failf □ : to gain oier ; to win. — At-tioli'iiiniti 

hM fit/li/8h»'), . 

Atuor (itiak'), V 

[F.] Ona attached to 1 
. [ATTiciaD t-Uftt^ ; J 

bel^ attained.^ AI'UlS'BUIlt, n. An al 
tajning ; the Uiing attainsd ta ; an acquisition 

AMkln'dei (Kt-tin'dir), n. An atlalntlnc. 

^•en a falie verdict. -^ At-talnfmiBt, n. 

if bein![ attainlad. 

tu |lt/ler],n, A fr^irant utential oil, 

rndearor, ~ At-tSBLpVl-bla (-k-b'l), a. Capi 
At-tanfl' jSt-^nd^ t. (, To no or ataj-wttb, ■ 

Lve, underatand, o 

1 ; ■euttta, eieDl, Idea, Abey, D 

«, cAn, liTD, Aak, ^, flno^ 


tawBlt or bs In OBltidR ; to Uatan ; to ho 
— At-ttBl'tUUia (tgn'Oana), n. An atten 

Ut <-<lout), a^fie'iiig proMnt or [a UiK I 

ftf comnftDyin^ ; C0l]Dect«d ^thf imnwdiite] 

foUowtig, aa coDsequentikl. ^ n. Qua vtaOf c 

Amnion fKt-tSo'^iSn), n. An uteDding o 

gard ; DOtics. — At-tantlTt (Kv), 

At-tMitlY»-lT. ade- — At-Isn'tlTHi 

—Aa'Al-U-rr ("dt-W 

Hiisa of he*iing.^n, _.. ^ ._ 

en ; mudienca. — An'11-toM-ul (-Cffcl-flm}, n. 

The part ol > obuccb, theater, eCc, sbere the 

MidMucfl ait. 
.WmrWgSr)!''- A tool lor boring. 
Ancht (f,t), n. Anything ; any port. 
Ang-manV (tw-mBof ), v. (. & i. To enlugs : to 

increue. — Aoi'mtBt (fig'mBnt), n. EnUi^e- 

put time. — Aas-manVR-blB (-mSnt'A-b'Oi «■ 
Cepsble ol MigmenUtloD. — Ancmu UtlaiL 
(-mfin-tft'abQD), n- An augmenting; enhuve- 
nient. — ABB-IIlsIlt'«-llTo(-iBSn'ti-tlT),o. fin- 

Aftl-ta'd-aluC-nliJiO.t. Touiome aa^ted 

At-tollrait llt-tSl'lcnt), a. lif Ong up ; ralalng. 

JU-lor^ey (St-tQr'nJ), n. One legally ippointsd 

byuiatherioacCfor him. — Powu of tttonutr. 

At-tIW!t'(tt-Craf), e.l. To draw ;1 
hiTile; to engage. —At-tracV«-Wi 
b'll, a. Capable of being attracted. 
R-tiUI-tT (-ti-bilT-t^), n.— At-b 

- At trut'- 

which it draws anytUing t .. _. 

of aUnrlng, hivltiiig, or engaging. — At-tri 
tT« (-tlv), o. Hiiiag power of attract 
drawing by moral induencea. ^ n. That w. 
— ■-'■'- - At-tnwfiTMy. o" 

kant (Ettrft-hmt), 
At-tillCntB («i-trlb'ttti, 

AMltt^ (Ift-tt 

An'tam (g'b<tm), a. 

AtUtlBILlak'ahnn), n. luuiii; 

bidder. -AnClloll-SW (»!■' 


tlngi quality attributed. 

property. . , . . 

attiibnttngi quality attributed. 
, Itlf), o. W ^ "■ - --■ 
At-tHtlaii C-tFl 

. [ATnniBI> (-t 
Kedd'iiA brown. 

:e jt i> derived ; : 

"ients by 

. Olorr 


- An'n-rr U 

An-ginf (ft-gOef). "■ Creatmg 

with veneration -, impoalng ; 

Fiut^au, n. 

An'cnat (jt'gUst), n. Eighth mo 

An-gnannn (ft-gOs'tini), a. Fen 

AnilBlt). n. An Arctic MB bir 

AnlB (s'ri), b.,- 
air.J Any subtle, 

ear.] Belonging 
An'm'-M U'ra. 

IIAn-T»'D-U (H-rPe-IA). AoTC-Dl* <H'rt-Sl), n 

t, ftrb, ryde, f^ dm, food, It 




An'M-Ole (i^rT-kl), n. The external ear ; one of 
two muaoular sacs at the base of the heart ; a 
kind of ear-trumpet —All-llfKll-lar( A-rTk'ti- 
18r), a. Pertaining to the ear, or to the sense of 
hearing ; told in, or recogn^ed by, the ear ; 
traditioiuj; pertaining to the auricles of the 
heart.— An-rlo'ii-lato (-Iftt), An^-fozm (ft'rT- 
fdrm), a. Shaped like an ear. — An'xllt (f/- 
rlst], fi. One willed in disorders of the ear. 

An-xlrer-miS (a-rTfSr-tbs), a. Producing gold. 

AnfroollB (f/rw), n. The European bison. 

AOrXf/TB. ({^rS^ri), n. Bawn of day ; redness of 
the skir before sunrise. — Anxora boreallB 
(bS-rt-S'lTs). A luminous meteoric phenom- 
enon ; northern lights. — Au-n/ral (-ral), a. 
Beloii^ng to, or resembling, the northern lights. 

Ana^onl-tatlcai (AS^kQl-tS'sh&n), n. A listening ; 
the location of lung diseases by listening to 
sounds within the chest. 

An'sploe (fts^pTs), n. / pi. Auspicks (-pT-s8z). Au- 
gary ; favor shown ; patronage ; ^nerally in pi. 
— AlHIpl'oiOIUI (f|S-pish'iis), a. Having omens 
of success ; prosperous ; f ortimate ; favorable ; 
propitious. — All-api'GlOlUI-ly, adv. 

AV-Btore' (i^s-tSr^), a. Sour with astringency ; se- 
vere; rigid; hajnsh; stem. — All-Btere'ly, adv. 

— An-stere'nMMi, An-Bter'i-ty ( - tSr ' I - 1 j^ ), n. 

Severity of manners or living ; strictness. 

AuTtral (f^trol), a. Of or tending to the south ; 

An-tllttl^O (f^thSn'tTk), a. True ; certain ; cred- 
ible ; genume. — Au-tken'tic-al-ly, adv. — An'- 
thsn-ul/i-ty (f^th8n-tTst-tj^), n. Genuineness. 
— Au-tkeati-oate (A-th6n'tT-kat), v. t. To es- 
tablish by proof ; to prove to be genuine. — Au- 
tken'ti-oa'tion (-ka'sh&n), n. A proof. 

Antkor (f/thSr), n. The beginner, former, first 
mover, or efficient cause of a thing ; a creator ; 
one who composes a book. — An'tkor-eSB, n. 
A female author. — Avtkor-Bkip, n. State of 
being an author ; source ; origin. 

Av-tker'i-ty (p-thSrl-ty), ». Leg^ or rightful 
power ; dominion ; testimony ; witness ; prece- 
dent; warrant. —Aa-tkOl/l-ta-tlYe (-T-ta-tTv), 
a. Having authority or an air of authority ; 
positive. — An-tkor'l-ta-tiYe-ly, adv. 

An^or-ize (f/th6r-Iz), v. t. To empower ; to le- 
galize ; to g^'ve authority, credit, or support to. 
— An^tkor-1-M'tion (-T-zS'sh&n), n. Establish- 
ment by authority. 

An^tO-bl-Og'ra-pky (ft^ti-bt-Sg'ri-fj^), n. A mem- 
oir or biography of a person written by himself. 
— All'tO-bi-<^ra-pker (-r&-fSr), n. One who 
writes a life of himself. — Au'tO-kl'O-grapk'- 
lo-al (-bPi-grSf T-kal), a. Pertaining to, or con- 
taining, autobiography. 

AVtO-orat (ji'tt-krSt), n. An absolute sovereign. 
— An^to-orat'io (-krSt'Tk), An'te-orat'ic-al 
(-T-kal), a. Absolute; independent in power; 
despotic— All-tO</ra-oy (ft-t5k'r4-sj^), n. In- 
dependent or self-derived power; autonomy; 
unlimited authority ; sole right of self-govern- 
ment in a state. 

llAv'to-da-ftf' (a'tS-dA^faOj »./ pl- Autos-da- 
tA (-t52s-). [Pg., act of faith.] Punishment of 
a heretic by burning. 

Anto-grapk ({/t$-gr£0> n, A person's own hand- 
writing; an or^;inal manuscript. — Au'tO- 
grapk'io (-grSf^Tk), Au'to-gxapk'io-al (-T-kai), 
a. Pertaining to an autograph ; used in autog- 
raphy. — All-tOg'ra-pky (ft-t5g'r4-fy), n. A 

penon*8 own writing ; adenoe of autographs; a 
process in lithography for transferring writii^:. 

An-tcna'a-ton O^tom'A-tSn), n,; pl.'L, Avtoiiata 
(-ta) ; -VOJSIB v-t5ius). A machme moved by inte- 
rior machinery, which imitates actions of men 
or animals ; any self-moving machine. — Aa'to- 
mat'io (ft-to-mSt^k), An'to-mario-al, a. Self- 
acting ; not depending on the will ; self-moving ; 
acting involuntarily. 

An-tan'O-my (ft-t5n'5-mj^), n. Self-government. 

An^P-sy (f/t6p-sf)f n. A post-mortem exami* 

Aatamn (j/tiim), n. The season of the year be- 
tween summer and winter ; f alL — An-tnm/wal 
(fh-tiim'nal), a. Of or belonging to autumn. 

Aux-ll'lar (ng-zIl'ySr) Aux-ll'la-ry (-y*-ry), a. 
Helping ; aiding ; subsidiary. — Aux-ll'la-ry, n. 
A helper ; an assistant ; a verb helping to form 
moods and tenses of other verbs; pl. foreign 
troops in the service of a nation at war. 

A-vall' (&-valO, V. t. [AvAiLRD (-vald') ; Avails 
nro.] To turn to the advantage of ; to profit ; to 
assist ; to inromote. —v. «. To be of use or ad- 
vantage ; to answer the purpose. —n. Advan- 
tage ; benefit ; pl. profits or proceeds. — A-Yall'- 
a-Ue (-&-bU), a. Profitable ; efficacious ; valid. 

— A-vaU'a-ble-neBB, A-yaU'a-bU'i-ty (-a^bH'- 
t-ty), n. — A-vall'a-bly, adv. 

Av'a-lailOkcK (Sv^a-lfinch'), n. A body of snow, 
ice, or earth sliding down a mountain. 

Av'a-lloe (Sv'a-rTs), n. Excessive love of money 
or gain; cupidity; covetousness. — Av'a-ll'- 
CiollB (-rTsh'us), a. Actuated by avarice; 
greedy ; parsimonious ; miserly ; niggardly. — 
Av^a-ri'cioii8-ly, a<fi;.— Av'a-il'cioiiB-iieBs, n. 

A-vast' (&-v&st'), irUetj', Cease ; hold ; stop. 

A-vaant' (A-vf^nt^ or -vSnf ), interj. Begone. 

IIA've Ma-xl'a {Wvt mA-rS^A), A've Ma'ry (S'- 
yt ma'rj^), n. A prayer to the Virgin Mary. 

Av'e-na'oeoilB (Sv ^ ^ - nS ' shiis), a. Rekkting to 

A-yenge' (4-v5nj'), v. t. [AvmroxD (-vSnjd'); 
AvENoiNO.] To vindicate by punishing the 
wrong-doer. — A-ven'gar, n, 

AY'a-XHLO (Sv'^-nu), n. An entrance; away; a 
passive ; a wide street. 

A-ver' (4-v8r'), v. t. [Avbbbxd (-vSrdO; Avbb- 
BiNO.I To declare positively; to assert with 
confidence ; to affirm ; to protest ; to avouch. 

— A-ver'llliant, n. Positive assertion. 
Av'er-age (Sv'er-aj), n. A contribution to a gen- 
eral loss ; a mean proportion ; medial sum or 
quantity ; medium. — a. Medial ; relating to 
a mean. — v. t, [Avxbaosd (-ijd) ; Avbba- 
amo.] To reduce to a mean ; to proportion. ^ 
V. i. To be or form a medial sum or quantity. 

A-ver'meilt (&-ver'ment), n. See under Aver, v. t, 

A-verse' (A-vers'), a. Turned away ; disinclined ; 
backward ; reluctant. — A- YerSB ' ly, adv. — 
A-verse^noBB, n. — A-vei/Bloii (-vSr'shttn), n. 
Opposition or repi^^nance of mind ; dislike ; con- 
trariety of nature ; cause of repugnance. 

A-vext' (ft-verf ), V. t. & i. To turn off or away. 

A'Vl-a-ry (a'vT-a-ri^), n. A place for keeping birds. 

A-Yld'i-tr (A-vIda-tj^), n. Intense desire ; long- 
ing; eiu^emess. 

Av^O-oa'tlon (Sv^d-kS'shtln), n. A calling aside, 
or diverting from employment; business that 
calls away. 

A-VOid' (&-void'), V. t. To keep at a distance from ; 
to make void ; to annul ; to defeat or evade (a 

»i l!,1»S» lit long ; ft, 6,1, ft, O, j^, short; senftte, dvent, tdea, dbey, ftnite, cftre, ftrm, ask, f|Il, final. 




plea). «■ V. i. To become yoid, vacant, or empty. 
— A-vold'a-Me (-4-b'l), a. — A-vold'anoe 
(-ana), n. An avoiding, annulling, or becoming 
vacant ; state of being vacant. — A-VOld'er, n. 

Av'olr-dn-pois' (Sv'Sr-du-poiz'), n.&a. A system 
of weights in which a pound contains 16 ounces. 

A-VOnoll' (&-vouch'), V. i. [Ayouchbd (A-voucht^) ; 
Ayouchino.] To declare positively ; to main- 
tain ; to affirm ; to assert ; to support. 

A-VOW' (A-vou'), V. t. [Avowed (-voud') ; Avow- 
ing.] To declare openly ; to own ; to acknowl- 
edge. — A-VOW'al, n. Open or frank declara- 
tion. — A-VOW'ed-ly (-5d-iy), adv. Openly.— 
A-V0W-e©'(-vou-5'\ n. See Advowsb. 

A-ynl'lsdon (&-vlil'shan), n. A tearing asunder ; 
a fragment torn off. 

A-walt' (A-waf), V. L To wait, or look out, for ; 
to expect ; to be in store for ; to be ready for. 

A-Wake' (&-wak'), v. t. & i. [imp. Awokb (-w5k') 
or AwAKBD (-wakf ) ; p. p. Awaked ; Awak- 
INO.] To rouse from sleep, or from death, stu- 
pidity, or inaction. — a. Not sleeping ; wakeful. 
— A-wak'en (A-wa^k'n), v. t. & i. To rouse 
from sleep or torpor ; to excite ; to stir up ; to 
call forth ; to wake. 

A- ward' (&-wftrd'), V. t. To give by judicial de- 
termination ; to adjudge ; to decree. — v. i. To 
determine ; to make an award. — n. A judg- 
ment, sentence, or final decision ; a decision of 
arbitrators in a case submitted ; a paper con- 
taining such decision. 

A-ware' (&-w&r'), a. Watchful; vigilant; c(^- 

A-way' (&-waO, adv. Absent ; at a distance. 

Awe (a), n. Profound fear, with admiration or 
reverence; dread; veneration. —v. /. [Awed 
(ftd) ; AwiKO (a^ng).] To strike with fear and 
reverence. — Aw'fil (f/f\il)t a* Striking with 
awe; filling with fear and admiration. — Aw'- 
fnl-ly, adv. — Aw'fnl-ness, n. 

A-weatll'er (&-w6th'Sr), adv. On the weather 
side, or toward the wind ; — opposed to alee. 

Awfal, etc. See under Awe, n. 

A- while' {iAvmV).adv. For a short time. 

Awk'ward (ak'wgrd), a. Without skill; bun- 
gling ; clumsy ; uncouth. — Awk'ward-ly, adv. 

— Awk' ward-neM, n. 

Awl (ftl)f n. A tool to pierce holes. 

Awn (ftn), n. The beard of gram, grasses, ete. 

Awn'iiig (ftn^ng), n. A cover from the sun or 

A-WOke' (&-w5k0, imp. &p. p. of Awake. 

A- wry' (*-ri'), a. & adv. Turned or twisted to- 
ward one side ; asquint. 

Ax, Axe (Sks), n. An edged tool for hewing, 
chopping, etc. 

Ax'i-al (SksT-al), a. Pertaining to an axis. 

Ax'il (Sksnri), llAx-il'la (Sk8-Tia&), n. [L.] The 
armpit ; angle bejbween the upper side of 9 
branch or leaf and a stem. — Ax'U-lar, Axil- 
la-xy (-It-rj^), a. Pertaining to the armpit; 
situated in, or rising from, the axilla. 

Ax'i-om (ftksT-fim), n. A self-evident proposi- 
tion ; a maxim ; an adage, — Ax'i-a-niat^O C-^-d- 
mSfTk), Ax^l-o-mat'lo-al (-T-kal), a. Pertain- 
ing to, or having the nature of, an axiom. 

Ax'U (SksTs), n. The line on which a body re- 
volves ; the central part or column of a plant. 

Axle (Sks'n), Ax ' le-troa' (-trS^), n. A shaft on 
which wheels turn. 

Ay, Aye (at), adv. Yes ; yea ; 
— a word expressing assent. 
— n. An affirmative vote ; a 
voter in the affilrmative. 

Aye (a), adv. Always; ever; 

Aye'-aye ( alliT ), n. A noc- 
turnal quadruped of Mada- 

A-za1e-a (&-za1$-&), n. A genus 
of flowering plants resem- 
bling the rhododendron. 

Az't-mnth (Sz'T-mttth), n. 
An arc of the horizon between the meridian of 
the place and a vertical circle passing through 
the center of any object. 

A-ZO'io (A-zSTk), a. Destitute of animal life. 

Az'Ote (Sz'St or &-z5f ), n. A gas unfit for res- 
piration ; nitrogen. — Az'0-tize (Sz'o-tiz), v. t. 
[AzonzED (-tizd) ; Azotizino.] To impregnate 
with azote ; to nitrogenize. — A-ZO'tons (&-z5'- 
tiis), a. Nitrous. 

Az'nre (Szh 'jjlt or a^zhyr), a. Of a sky-bloe ; 
cerulean. — n. The blue of the sky. 

B Axle. 


Baa (b'a). n. The cry of sheep, —v. {. To bleat. 

BaVhle (bSbO)!), V. I. [Babbled (bSba)'ld) ; Bab- 
bling.] To talk idly ; to prattle ; to chatter. — 
V. t. To utter. — n. Idle telk ; unmeaning 
words. — BaVhler (-blSr), n. An idle talker ; a 
thrushlike, chattering bird. 

Babe (bab), n. An infant ; a baby. 

Battel (ba'bfil), n. Confusion ; disorder. 

llBa'boo (bi&'boo), DBa'hil, n. A Hindoo gentle- 
man ; a title answering to Mr. 

Bah-OOn' (bSb-oon'), n. A species of large monkey. 

Ba'hy (ba'bj^), n. An infant ; a babe ; a doll. — a. 
Pertaming to an infant. — Baliy-llOOd (-hd6d), 
n. Stete of being a baby. — Ba'oy-isll, a. Like 
a baby ; childish. 

Bao'ca-lau'Ye-ate (bSk^k&-lft'rft-at), n. The de- 
gree of bachelor of arts. —a. Pertaining to a 
bachelor of arts. 

llBa(Koa-ra'(bSk'kA-r]ft'),Bao'oa-rar,n. A French 

game of cards. 

Bao'oate (bSk'kfit), a. Pulpy, like a berry.— 
Bao'ca-ted, a. Having many berries. 

Bao'cha-nal (bJKk'k&-nai), BaCoha-nall-aa 
(-nalT-an), n. A devotee of Bacchus ; one given 
to revels. — a. Reveling : dnmken ; riotous. 
— liBaCoha-nali-a (-na'lT-&), Feasto in 
honor of Bacchus ; drunken revels. 

Bao-oif'er-OUS (bSk-sTfSr-fis), a. Producing ber- 
ries. — Bao-olT'O-rou (-sTv'^-rlis), a. Subsist- 
ing on berries. 

BaOA'e-lor (bSch't-lSr), n. A man not married ; 
one who has taken the first degree in the liberal 
arte. — Baoh'e-lor-BhlP) n. Stete of being a 

Baok (bSk), n. The upper or hinder part of an 
animal, from neck to loins ; the part opposed 

f8m, recent, 6rb, r^de, f^, ftm, fdbdf fo^t, out, oil, obair, go, sinff, iQk, then, tbhu 

iiard;b«hii>d;>«»ii.— v.(. [Bac 

l]a^iu'11n)f n. A Ruce plmyed 

OL'groaad'), n, Uroiind IP the 
ijiiuui obscurity^ nhade, 

'id (hBk'h«iid'M), o. With Iho hand 

tunwd taokwiirdt oblique. — adv. Willi the 
hud dlnctod backward. 
BHfc'-flMf (UO'pb'), Buk'-PUW (pliV). n. 

Amutt oowrius the bock. 
(Buk'tlWWb'IMk'iM^). llBuk'lIlllb'.n. la 

Bwilr>ia»(bU['E!d'),n. TliebH'kocliiDdsrput; 

<-dld')i p. p. BiC.BlJDlBNj-.llJ'd'l.) 

to apcxtiiUie. — Bask'ilUI'l 
Buk'BwiRd' (blk'iSnl'), R. 

sharp edge. 
BUk^wuS (baVird), 

adv. With tfa« back in sdi 


IBt-fUW' (lli-ifltr), n. Ragmr canB cnuh 

IBar>-tBll«' (1>*g''>-t«l'), "' AtriflB; I 
no importance ; a gave pUyed vitb 1 
board hatldg holet at Doe end. 

Bu'tlf* (blg'gt)), n. Utenaili and u 

mtcy fDunff Homiin. 
rtO(WU/yt). n. AbrothBl. 
plpB (Mg'plp), ti. A Seottlab ttin 
iit.-B»rpIp'«r. "■ 
player on a htepips, 
(bal), n. A «:oop 




D (hSld) ; 1 

U (bO), T.. One who I 

I. Admitting at 

dull! ) 

behindhand. — Bank' 

illing; relucta 

BufcVoods' {U(k'wa6d>0, »' Fonata Dr newly 
cleared tanda on the trDnUers. — Bu>k'ir««dil'- 

Bi'nm (b:i%'n),n. HDit''a'fle^, salted or pickled, 

Bal Ibid), a^Wooaa (v 

BadlT ^1 — Bad'oMl 
Bad. Bad* (bOd), imp. & i 
Baflf.(b»i).n. A&tinc 

ItBa'dl-saf*' (bfdI-Dlih' a 

ful ralUeTV : ttanter- 
BallT, Bal'nui. Bee und 
Bat^a (btfi'i), r. I. To 

^.™«, (Mgd); B.Ma, 
Blt'linc. n. HoUrial to 

In) : WoasT («fl™t).] 


on b^'— BaU--a-bl« (-Lb'l). . 

Ball (tU), ». The handle of ■ p 
Ball'M' (tsl'a'), n. One to muoui gmua ■ 

bailed, or deliveied in truat. 
BaUlll (bint 1, n. A Bberiff'ii deputy. 
BaUI-irtefc (UlT-wlk). n. Jurtadiolion of 

BaU-SMIlt (bll'mcat), n. DellTer; ot gooda 

Bain IbBiD). n. A child. [Scot.] 
Ball (biitl, «. Ad; eubitance ueed to r:atch tU 
animalB, elf.; a lure; temptation; food 

BliiB |bai), n, A noolen ttuff.with long nap. 

Baka (bik), V. I. TBlUDlbakl); Buiss.] ' 

beat or harden by heal ; to cook In a clo 


OUM' (-boua-J, B. 

„ aking.-Bak'ar-j 

. The trade of a baker ; a bake- 
Line, n. The quantity baked at 


A weighing opparatug; b 

•,•,1,8, a, long I a,«,i,0,ft,r,atioft|e 

iodiac,eall6dii6™. — v.(. [BAiinciBt-amt)! 

tlmaIe™'Bd]iaBt and aeltle.— tJ. (. To be in 

antra shiit (ibel). A paper giving a aumma- 

Bal;co-n7 (ba'k(-nj), n. A gallery outaide of ■ 

aid (bf^d), a. Deatitute of natural covering 

ment ; imadomed ; bare ; bteral. — 
(-hSd'), Bald'paW (-Mt/I, n. Ouenltbn 
on bis head. — Bald'&, orf^- Nakedly; w 
reacrvB ; inelegantly. —Bald'MSS, 1. 

Bal'da-ohin (bU'd&-l<tn), n. A canopy. 

Bal'ler-duOi (bal'dSr-dfah). n. A wot 
-'-ture; seneel^H jargon ; ribaldry. 
[lO ()«l'iltlk), n. Aglrdlei a belt. 

SveiU,lde», ttbaf, (kulta, oAra, ttrm, ilk., fU, 


Bal>OHa),n. AbnndlsorgDodacanledfortrvu 
portatloa. — v. I, To put up (goodi) tntbole. 

Bala (bil), n. UiMry ; FaUuicy ; urraw ; biL 
-BideW, n. Deatruclive; woful ; and. 

Sal^BlV (iai'nf),a. A linul fin ; an Blum fln 

Bfr'UzS' (U-lIi'). •■- * PO^ ni»d on n bunk, a 

si* (<1^). ' 

I. An unplowed Tidge or strip ; 
nitet, or Umber i a hbdraace o 

To'stop ^raptl J. — aoi^ (bjlk')'), a 

(tald) i Balubo,] To tonn iiw b»li«. 
BUI(1»l),f>. A wcial uKmbLj forduichig. 
Ballad (uaiod). H. A namtln Ktsg in drnple 

id. — V.I. To loud or furnish 
Barlar (h«nfr or NQietl, n. A tbostnoal ita 
Bal-l«m' (bU-lsan''). n. A light bag, Htled with 
8mot(bn'lHt), 71. A 
voUng : act or Hyslam , 

Balia* (t^m), a. An aro- " 7 

(Nto-jj, a. Framnt; '* 
aootblng; prodadng BbIIdod 

BatmCi'Rl(bR-mBr'il), n. A long wool petU- 


Bam-bDOth (bEm4>CVi'l), c. t. To pla; tricks 

pmied.— 1-. (. [B.HBBOibfcdJiB.BNINnO^T^ 
Ba-na'nil Jb^nii'ril). n. a spedu of pUntain 

Band'asa (bbydtj), n. AflUet. — 1>. (. 

Ban-danlia (bSo-dXn'l), Ban-daiL'a, « 

Band'bex' (Wlud'btilts'), n. A papoi 

bands, caps, etc. 
B««'dl-W«t(bSn'dI-keM),B. Alargen 

lUlike uarsu. 
pi a I quadruped 

Hwvwi ^tmuu'iHij, jHua'a-in \-e-iut], n. 

little arcbltectural baud or flat moldlDg, 
iaa'dOC (bto'diSfr). n. a fierce dog. 
lan'dn-laai' (Ubi ' di - ler'), Ban'do-llM', i\ 

leaCherD belt, Uitoira over the ahouldsr, foi 

Ban dr (t^ if) 

Ban dy (btn'^j 

itnking baJl 


a. 'b« not d — fian'dy-linad' (-KSgd^), 

B$M (ban) Deadlv poison ; miachief ; ruin; 

d Btra tl ~~B»:u»va <-tvl);a. Hailng p«- 

BODoiB aiuUtin noDB. — BaaBtnUy, adv. 

— Baunnl naia, 
BanC(bK g) ( [B nam (Mngd) ; BuannLl 

Tbeat to th mu to strike nabilv.—n. A 

heanblw 1 d ucuision. 
Banc (Mns) ' T ut (the hunma fonlock, 
E™ tail tl 1 squaielj Bc™s. — n. Hair 
t square aad mbed over the fonbead : a 

lal» tTO t f hai 
Bute (bSng) Banna Same as Bbabs, n. 
Bu'elSlbl gl) A bracelet. 
Banyan tbbi'yiin or l^-j^tn'). n. A Hindoo mer- 

Baiilali(Uln'ish), V. r. [Bju<nHU)<-Tsht}; Bah- 
ISHIBO.I To eijle i to drive away ; to eipel — 
Ban'liB-inant, n. Expulsion Irom one's own 

BanlO (Ua'l»). n. 

■nenL resembUng b. 
Bank (bSflk), n. A 


«,'j ■'^^ he 

Bku (Mink), n. A place for deposit and b>- 
hank ; 10 deposit (moneyyin a bank. — Blnk'ar, 

Km, nomt, tub, ryde, (yll, Oro, Ii^M, tii^t, wt, oU, cbalr, gn, ang, igk, tbeB, t*!", 


y*«fc ul^ A note Imud by % lank ud p^j- 

BlBl^nmt (b>Bk'rll|it), s. One who aniuit loj 
hiadsbu.— a, iHolveiit. — v. f . To bnuj id 
tnide^ to »DdAr iiuo|ir«at. — fiaak ' I11|rt - Of 
f^), n. BtMA at being bwknipt ; inwIisiKy ; 
iiuun Id tnkLe- 

Bu'UI (blD'nir), n. A milllu; snsign ; B gUod- 

3jUl^tUB (blfltoni), n. A bduU ¥i 

w[th futbarvd l^K. 
Sutu (bbi^rX e. I- To nOy ; to . 

Gulsitoduide.— n. Hnmwoiu nUlet; 1 1 

Bu^BC (blntnTng), n. j 

-rr (blir'beT-i?), n, A hedge pUnt. ' 

Biflwt (Mlr^C), n. A muUl ihinTJulred dog ; 
H bird nBembling tlie cuckoo ; a load of woran. 

tbair poetij, 
naked! *ltli 


Bud"(l^), n. A Cellic mhati 
BuaiO.a. PerUluing to barde D 
in (bftr), o. Witboul coiecicgi 

simple^ J. (. i:BMiD (birdlTBiiuBa™ To 

Bu»ar, orftJ. Onlj ( msrelj ; nakedly. — juiv- 
BWS,"' Nikedniw. — Buflutd't-fuV), a. 
With the tu» uncorand ; without cmnalment j 

~ — ■■-'-■ (-rest), a. & <•<•■ ""-' "'- ■--- 

]overiiig many . 
lundrsd feat 

I't-iab <bi^ 


buitlihig; I 
pUiaitioD of 

tainiiK to b^^oT-^riiM ^t>'t; 
who admlnLBten bapttflm; ooa who a 
baptism of adulta oi^, and that by [ini] 
— Wtl^-tw-T (-tla-l2r-;i). Bu^tn 
n. ApUcefaTbaptiilDg.~IUp-tlu'(-U 
To adminiHtor the Burament of baptiam 
chrirteii. — Bjip-tli'«r, n. 
Bu (Mr), n. Abolt; a burler; an ot 

the itaS in mu^c— i. ', IBabud ' 
BiBBnia.] To fasten with a bar ; to shi 

Bun (Uiib)', n 


procetB appended to 

gSn-Sr], BlI'g«iniT' (I 
One vho makaa a bargain with anuu»f . 
Bajga (bKTj),n. A large boat ^ a Ur^ onmlbiu. 


B«-rin« (h*-tm4), B 

Bu^-tons, a, &n! See : 
BaA (b«rk), n. The en 

eeaahora plant, wbwe 

«rk(Uirh), n. ThenoiHDiK 

BuOar. (bKr'IJ>,n. 


> ; the third [ 

inhuman. — Btr-lai'lO (-b»r^hl.i. Foreign;! 
rude: nnroflnod. - Bw-Wi-tir (-bsn-tj). n, Bi 
SaTage Itate ; hatbariam ; cruelly. — Bu'lM- I 
llu {UEr'b^riE), f. '. To malfe barbarouH. 
BtPlMU (Mir-Wt), 0. Boaring line, or t -"- -' 


ItCi trant, Idea, Obey, finite, c4», ftnn, Auk, |^, OaaH, 




BaXfna-Oles (bttr'n&-k*lz), n. pi. Nippers put on 
a hone's nose to confine him ; spectacles. 

Ba-ran'O-tar (b&-r5m^-t8r), n. An instrument 
showing the weight of the atmosphere, to indi- 
cate changes of weather or height of an ascent. 

— Bar^o-met^rlo (bSr/6-m6t'rTk), Bar^o-met'- 

rio-al (-rT-kal), a. Pertaining to the barometer. 

BaT'on (bSr'lin), n. The lowest English title of 
nobility ; one between a Tiscount and a baronet 
in rank. — Bax'on-age (-^-n&j), n. The whole 
body of barons or peers ; the estate or dignity of 
a baron.— Bax'on-eM (-1&n-8s), n. A. baron's 
wife; a lady holding the baronial title in her 
own right. — Ba-ro^-al (bft-rS^nT-al), a. Be- 
longing to a baron or barony. — Bax^CHiy (bSr'- 
^-uy), n. Lordship or fee of a baron. 

Bftl/on-et (bXr'^-ngt), n. A dignity or degree of 
honor next below a baron and above a faiight. 
— Bax'on-et-age (-tj), n. The collective body 
of baronets; the state of a baron. — Bax'Oll'- 
et-oy i-sf)i n. Rank of a baronet. 

Bar'O-BOqpe (bSr'^-skSp), ». An instrument show- 
ing changes in the weight of the atmosphere. 

Ba-rouolie' (b&-roosh'), n. A four-wheeled car- 
riage with falling top, and two seats inside. 

Bazdne (bark), n. Same as Bark, a vesseL 

Bax'raok (bu'rak), n. A bouse for soldiers, es- 
pecially in garrison ; a movable roof, to cover 
nay, etc. —v. t. &i. To lodge in*barracks. 

llBar'ra-OOOn' (bSr^rft-kodn')! n. A slave ware- 
house or inclosure. 

Baxfra-tor (bSr^rft-tSr), n. An encourager of liti- 
gation.— Bax^ra-troilB (-trOs), a. Tainted with 
barratry.— Bar'ra-try (-try), n. Practice of 
encouraging lawsuits ; loul dealing ; bribery ; 
a breach of duty by a ship's officers or crew. 

BazTel (bb'rSl), n. j^. round, bulgy vessel or 
cask ; the quantitv which such a vessel contains ; 
any hollow cylinder or tube. — v. t. [Bahbxlbd 
(-x^d) or Babhbllbd; Babselino or Babhbl- 
UNO. J To put or pack in a barrel. 

Baifen (bSr'rfin), a. Unfruitful ; sterile ; scanty ; 
duU; empty. —n. An unproductive tract of 
land. — Bax^tan-ty, adv. — Bar'ran-nesa, n. 

Bar^ri-cada' (bSr'rY-kSdOi »• A defensive fortifi- 
cation, made in haste ; any bar, obstruction, or 
means of defense. — v. t. To fortify ; to stop up 
(a passage, etc.). 

Bu'n-ar (bar^rT^Sr^, n. A fence to stop an en- 
emy ; an obstruction ; a limit or boundary. 

Bar'na-ter (bSr'rTs-tSr), n. A counselor quali- 
fied to plead at the bar. 

Bax^oom^ (biir'rSomO) n. A room containing a 
bar, or counter, for the sale of liquors. 

Bar'row (bSr'rft}, n. A pOTtable carriage. 

Bar'TOW (bSr'r^ ), n. A hog, esp. a castrated hog. 

Bax'row (bSr'rd), n. A mound of earth, over the 
remains of the dead ; a heap of rubbish. 

Barker (biir'tSr), v.i.&t. [Babtbbsd (-tSrd); 
Bartkbino.] To exchange in the way of traflSc. 
— n. Exchange of commodities; dealing ; truck ; 
interchange. — Bax'ter-er, n. 

Ba-ry^ (b&-rr't&), n. The heaviest of the earths. 
— Ba-ry^a (-tez), n. Sulphate of baryta; 
heavy spar.— Ba-xyt'lO (-rlflk), a. Pertaining 
to, formed of, or containing, baryta. 

Bar^-tone (bSrT-tSn), Bax'l-tone, a. Grave, and 
deep, as a kind of inale voice ; not marked with 
an accent on the last syllable, the grave accent 
being understood. —n. A barytone voice or 


Ba'Ml (bft'sal), a. Pertaining to, or constituting, 
the base. 

Ba-aalf (bA-Bf^lf), n. A rock of igneous origin, 
very hard and usually of a greenish-black dolor. 
— Ba-aalt'lo (-Tk), a. Pertaining to, formed of, 
or containing, basalt. 

llBaa'-lileil' (bK^blfiO* «>• A literary lady ; a blue- 

Baae (bas), a. Low in origin, rank, value, etc^ i 
illei^timate ; mean; 
not refined; worth- 
less ; deep or grave 
in sound. [Generally 
boMy in this sense.] 
— n. The bottom; 
a foundation ; a ped- ^ 
estal ; the principal I 
chemical element of 
acompound; the 
lowest part in music. [Generally boM^ in thia 
sense.] —v. t. [Basbo (bist) ; BASiNa.] To put 
on a base or pedestal ; to found. — Baaa'ly, adv. 
In a base manner ; illegitimately. — Base'neaa, 
n. — Baaeleaa, a. Withoat foundation or sup- 

Baae^liall' (bas^AlO* «>• A game of ball, wherein 
four bases designate the circuit each player must 
make after striking the balL 

BaaenHim' (bSs'bdm^), a. Bom of low parentage 
or out of wedlock. 

Baae'inent (iMts^m^nt), n. The lower story of a 

Ba-aliaw' (bA-shf^, n. A title of honor in the 
Turkish dominions. [Usually written jMuAa.] 

Baall^fnl (bSsh'ful), a. Easily abashed ; shy. — 
Baali'lnl-iy, adv, — Baali'ni-neaa, n. 

Baall'1-lMi-ZOllk' (b8sh^-b&-zook'), n. One of the 
irr^^ular troops of the Turkish army. 

Ba'siO (ttt'sTk), a. BehOing to, or performing 
the office of, a base. 

Baa'il (bSz/tl), n. The angle to which the edge of 
a tool is groimd. — v, t. To bevel the edge of. 

Baa'il (bSzTl), n. A fragrant plant, of the Mfant 
family ; also, the skin of a sheep tanned. 

Ba-all'1-ca (b4-zTn-k&), n. A large hall or court 
of justice ; a church, chapel, or cathedraL 

llBa-ul'1-OOn (b4-zTlT-k6n), n. An omtment com- 
posed of wax, pitch, resin, and olive oiL 

Baa^-llak (bSza-lTsk), n. A fabulous serpent, 

- called a cockatrice ; a crested genus of lizard^ ; 
an obsolete piece of ordnance. 

Ba'aln (bS's'n), n. A hollow vessel, dish, or 
pool ; a pond ; a dock ; a valley. 

Ba'sia (ba'sTs), n. Foundation ; base ; support. 

Baak (rask), v. i. [Basksd (b&skt) ; Basxiho.] 
To lie in warmth, —v. i. To warm. 

Baa^cet (b&s'kSt), n. A vessel made of twigs, or 
other flexible material, interwoven; the con- 
tents of a basket. 

Baaqne (b&sk), a. Pertaining to Biscay, its peojde, 
or their language.— n. One of the people ox 
Biscay ; their langruage ; a part of a lady's dress, 
resembling a jacket. 

Baa-ro-ll0f' (btt'r^-lef'), n. Low relief; sculp- 
ture in which the figures are slightly raised 
above the groundwork. 

Baaa (b&s^, n. A food fish, of many species. 

Baaa (b&s), n. The linden, or lime tree. 

Baaa (bas), n. The lowest part in a musical com* 
position, —a. Grave or deep in tone. 

Baa'aet (bSs'sSt or bSs-s8t'), n. A game at cards. 

finia noent, Arb, ni^ 'V^'t ^^™t <tfM« USHH^ out, oil, oliair, go, alng, i^k, tliaa, ttiiB> 




BaS-IOOn' (bXs-sSonO, n. A musical wind fautru- 
ment with holes stopped by the fingers. 

BaBS' Tl'Ol (bSs' vl' til). A stringed instrument 
for playing the bass part ; the violonceUo. 

Bastard (bSs'tSrd), a. Illegitimate; spurious. 
— n. An illegitimate child. — Bas'tar-dy (-tSr- 
df)t n. Illegitimacy ; procreation of a bastard. 

Baste (bast), V. t. To beat ; to cudgel ; to put 
flour, salt, and butter on (meat) in roasting. 

Baste (bast), V. t To sew slightly, or with long 

Bas-tile' (b&s-tSl' or b&s'tgl), Bas-tllle', n. A 
tower used in warfare ; a prison. 

Bas'tl-nade' (bSs^tT-nSdO, Bas'tl-na'do (-nS'dft), 
n. A beating, esp. on the soles of the feet, with 
a cudgel, —v. t. To beat on the soles of the feet. 

Bastion (bSs'chiin), n. A part of a fortification 
projecting from the rampiurt ; a bulwark. 

Bat (bSt), n. A heavy club, used in playing ball ; 
a dieet of cotton for fillixu[ quilts ; a piece of a 
brick. —v. /. [Battkd; Battino.] To strike 
with a bat ; to beat. —Batter, Bata'man (bfits'- 
man), n. One holding the bat in games of ball. 

Bat (bat), n. A flying, insectivorous mammal. 

BatOIL (bSch), n. The quantity of bread baked 
at one time ; a business dispatched at once ; a 
quantity of similar things. 

Bate (bat), V, t. To lessen ; to abate. 

llBa-tean' (b&-toOf n. / pi. Batbaux (-tSz'). A 
lone, light boat. — Bateau lirldge. A floating 
bridge supported by bateaux. 

Bath (bSthS, n. A Hebrew measure. 

Bath (bSth), n. A place to bathe in ; a washing. 

Bathe (bath), v. L [Bathbd (bStfad) ; Bathiko.] 
To wash ; to moisten with a liquid, —v. i. To 
be, or lie, in a bath. — n. Immersion of the 
body in water ; a bath. — Bath'er (bath'Sr), n. 

Ba'thOS (bi'thSs), n. A ludicrous descent in 
style, in writing or spelling. 

jIBat'on (bSt'iin, F. bArtdN'), Ba-toon' (bA-tSonO, 
n. A staff or truncheon. 

Ba-tra'cU-an (b& - trS ' kt - an), a. Pertaining to 
animals of the frog kind ; amphibian, —n. An 
animsd of this order. 

Bat-talton (bSt-tSI'yfin), n. A body of infantry 

Batten (b8t't*n), v. t. & i. [Battknkd (-t'nd) ; 
Battenino.] To fatten; to glut. 

Batten (bSt't'n), n. A narrow piece of board, or 
scantling. — v. t. To fasten with battens. 

Batter (bSt^er), v. t, [Battxbbo (-tSrd) ; Bat- 
TBBiNG.] To beat repeatedly ; to bruise ; to de- 
molish. — n. A mixture of several semi-liquid 
ingredients, beaten together, for cookery. — 
Batter-er, n. 

Bat'ter (bSftSr), n. One who holds the bat in 
ball games. 

Batter-lng-ram' (bSt'-tSr-Tng-rSmO, n. A mili- 
tary engine to beat down walls of besieged 
places ; a blacksmith^s hammer, suspended, and 
worked horizontally. 

Batter-y (bSt'ter-j^), n. A battering; a place 
where cannon are mounted ; a body of cannon 
collectively ; an apparatus for containing or gen- 
erating electricity ; the unlawful beating of an- 

Bat'tlng (bSftTng), n. Cotton or wool in sheets ; 

Bat'tle (bSt't'l), n. A fight ; an encounter ; an 
action ; a combat ; an engagement. — v. i. & U 
To fight ; to contend. 


Battle-door' (b«/tn-dSr/), n. A light, flattened 

bat, to strike a shuttlecock. 
Bat'Ue-ment (bSt't'l-ment),n. 

An indented parapet, sur. 

mounting a waU. 

Baiitile(bat>'i),Bawt>le,n. A 

trifling piece of finery ; a gew- 
gaw; a trinket; a fool's club. 
Bawd (bftd), n. A lewd woman. 

— v. t. To promote lewdness. 

— Bawd'y (-y), a. Filthy; 
obsc^e. — Bawd'l -ly, adv. 

— Bawdt-ness, n. 
Bawl (bill), V. i. & t. [Bawled 

(bi^ld); Bawling.] To call 

out loudly ; to cry. ^n. A loud cry ; an outcry. 

Bay (ba), a. Red or reddish; — applied to the 
color of horses. 

Bay (ba), n. An inlet of the sea; a recess in 
a wall ; a compartment in a bam for depositing 
hay ; mahc^any wood (from Campeachy Bay). 

Bay (ba), n. The laurel tree ; an honorary crown, 
anciently made of branches of laurel. 

Bay(ba),t'.t. [Bated (bad) ;BATiNe.] To bark, 
as a dog at his game. —v. /. To bark at; to 
bring to bay. — n. Prolonged barking ; a state 
of being obUged to face an enemy or a difficulty, 
when escape is impossible. 

Bay (ba), n. ' A bank or dam.— v. /. To dam 
(water) up or back. 

Bayt)er-ry (baa)er-TJ^), n. The fruit, also the 
plant, of the bay tree, and of the wax myrtle. 

Bay'O-net (ba'ft-n£t), n. A dsHg^ger-like instru- 
ment fitted to the muzzle of a gun. — v. t. [Bat- 
ONBTBD ; Batonetino.] To stab with a bayonet. 

Bay'on (bi'oo), n. An inlet from a lake, river, etc. 

Bay' mm' (ba' r&m'). A fragrant liquor for the 
toilet, etc. 

Bay' salt (bS' sftlt'). Salt obtained from sea- 
water, by evaporation. 

Bay' tree^ (ba' tre^). A species of laureL 

Bay' Win'dow (ba' wTn'd5). A window forming 
a bay or recess in a room. 

Ba-zaar' (b&-ziir'), Ba-zar', n. An Eastern mar* 
ketplace, or assemblage of shops ; a hall or^suite 
of rooms, or a fair for selling fancy goods. 

Bdell'liua (dfil'yiim), n. An Oriental gum reain. 

Be (be), v. i. {imp. Was (w5z) ; |>. p. Been (bin) ; 
p. pr. & vb. n. Being.] To exist. 

Beaon (bech), n. A sandy or pebbly shore; 
strand, —v. /. To run (a boat) upon a beach. 

Bea'COn (be'k'n), n. A signal fire ; a warning. 

Bead (bed), n. A little perforated ball, strung on 
thread; a globule. — v. t. To ornament with 
beads. — Bead'lng, n. Molding in imitation of 
beads. — Bead'y, a. Like beads ; small, round, 
and glistening ; adorned with beads. 

Bea'dle (bS'd'l), n. A messenger or crier of a 
court ; an inferior parish officer. 

Bea'gle (be'gU), n. A small hound. 

Beak (bek), n. The bill or nib of a bird, turtle, 
etc. — Beaked (bekt), a. Having a beak; 

Beak'er (bek'Sr), n. A drinking cup. 

Beam (bem), n. A large timber ; a piece of the 
framework of a house, ship, plow, engine, etc. ; 
breadth of a ship ; a ray or gleam (of light). 
— V. /. [Beamed (bemd) ; Beaming. V To send 
forth; to emit. —v. t. To shine. — Beam'lng, 
a. Radiant. — Beam'y, a. Radiant ; heavj 
like a beam ; massy ; having horns or antlers. 

Bf 8|I|iibllf long I ftt £f If ^tt,j^, abort i i6nAte,<v«Dt, Idea, dbey, finite, cAre, ftnn, Ask, ||u, finals 

Bna (b&i), n.. 
(cbildreo, frul 

A IflguminouB plnnt, md IG 

L [l»ir>. Bou (bSr) iro 
9. p. Bou (Mni), Bouni ; 
so.'] To Bupport^ to brio; 

IMU'lrtils, a. _ Eodun 


KbomJiuUe ; dUEusUng.— Buit^-n«u,n. 
Btlt (bBl), V. i. p>np. B»iT;p.p. Bi 

BmiTIt, a. 

-Ul ; mthj ; 

'epntedlf ; 

— BMtlas. n. 
-■--tioo: ■ . 

"—- ' •**H-fl-o»'- 


Bm'to (WtSr), n. An imphlbiaiii, mdedtquid- 
-iHd ; hli fui 1 a hU, also a hwT; cloUk, madl 
I imlUtlou of nicli Cui. 

SM^yar (bCTBr). n. Ihn tront piece of a helmrt, 

BMUl^CM-klbii'), B. I. [Bkulmid (-Ubndng 
BicuioHa.i To rander calm ; to appeaae ; to 
quiet I to keap trom motloa b; vant <d wind. 

Be^OMB*', 'nP' of Baooic*. 

"- y (M-lqia'), emu'. By or lor tha oauia or 

»■ (bt-chW), It! f. To befalli to hap- 

I' (btiih' de mSrO. The trapang i 

Skt); Ban 
01 band.— 

».] Ti) 







BhUIiIi, o. Foppliti ; nj. 
ItBtM- l-aa-il (W Myol). [F.] A Goncaptloii 

HBMH' manda' (bl' mlSiid'). Iba faihionabla 

BMU'ty(liu'tf), n. Whatever plaaaeatba eyaor 
tbs miDd; uaflmblaga of Eracea; loTflliaaaBj 

tt-i^,' Ve"*tal 

— BMB^Inl- 

leoilMk^'n. Am 

l«ikCb«),".<. rBi 

rtlfjr by a nod ; to 

Bw^ou (b«k^^, V. i. 

BKiaimis.] To dlract by a dgnlflcaiit uauai; 

to Dotlly by nod or idgn. 
Ba-olond' (bt-kloud'), d. t. To obacnra ; to orar- 

l*-00m*' (bt-kOm'), «. L [Bsum (-Um') ; Bi- 
awraa.] To ba mada ; to ba chaived to. — *■ 1. 

Toflti iobeflti toauit. — B»«[c£'IbI, a. Ap- 
propriate; at; congTuoua; BuitaUa; gracetuL 
-•Bt-OBD'lac-Iyi 0^.— B«-oaai'liirii«U.n. 
M (bid), n. A coucb to aleep on, or on which 

-jcUm iniaot arhLoh lufotta bouaest beda, ate. 
— Bsraaa'bn (-eblii>'b&'), n. A room for 
aleefdn^lD.^Bsd'OlMhM' (-kIBtlu' or -klBi'). 

jiif low (-1 

.in-lS), n 

IW R--,. -— 

. bed with aoother. — BM'puf^ 

„ , ,Ja').Ba«' 
Ion Idoof 


-i' {-m „ 

Wtad'), I 

Bai'MOV C-aBf), B. 

'ho eleepa in the 
H-puf C-pin'). n. 

BadMaW (■pla'),BaA'pUta'(-p1Ita »- 
(onndaUon ideoe or (rane «i " 

ippmUng a ma- 

aloepinE apu-tmeoL 

» aide of a bed. — 

m the back or 

long in bed _ 
■naid' (-»ptM'), n. Aeoyerlet; abedquilt.— 
Bad'Itaca (-otSd), n. A fnmework lupporUng 
abed.-Brt'floi' (-tTk'),B. A cloth b^, In- 
cloalM maledala of a bed. — BattltU' (-tloi'), 
n. aonr for going to bed. 




B*-daVUA (bt-dXl/b*l), V. L [Bedabbled (-bid) ; 

Bedabbun«.] To sprinkle; to wet. 
Bo-dag'gle (b»-dSg'g'l), v. t. To 8oU. 
Be-danV (bt-dftbO* «. t, [Bedaubed (-dftbdO ; 

Bedaubiito.] To smear ; to soil ; to daub over. 
Be-daok' (bi-d6k0, v, t, [Bedecked (-dSkf ) ; 

Bedeckino.] To deck , to ornament ; to adorn. 
Be-dev'il (b^-dSv'T'l), V. L To throw into utter 

confusion ; to torment ; to spoil. 
Be-dew' (b^u'), V. t. [Bedewed (-dudO ; Be- 

DEWUfo.] To moisten, as with dew. 
Ba-dlm' (bd-dtm'), v. /. [Bedimhed (-dTmd'); 

Bedimmino.] To make dim; to obscure; to 

Bo-di'zen (bt-dTz'z'n or -di'z^n), v, i. To drees 

tawdrily ; to deck with mean finery. 
Bedlam (bSd'lam), n. A madhouse; an insane 

gerson. — a. Belonging to, or fit for, a mad- 
ouse. — BdAlam-ita (-it), n. A madman. 

Bod'on-in (bfid'd6-en or -Tn), n. One of the no- 
madic Arabs of Arabia and Africa. 

B»4n|;'gle (bi-drfig'g'l), v. t. To soil, by drag- 
ging m dirt. 

B^drtnolL' (bi-di6nch'), v, t, [Bbdrenched 
(-difinchf); Bedbenchiho.] To drench; to 
soak : to saturate. 

Bod'rld' (bSd'rTd/), Bedlia-deil (-d'n), a. Con- 
fined to the bed by age or infirmity. 

Be-dwaxf (b^wfirf), v. t. To make a dwarf of ; 
to stunt. 

Be-dyo' (b«HliQ, V. t. To dye or stahi. 

Boo (M), n. A four-winged insect of many species ; 
an assemblage of persons who labor for the 
benefit of an individual or f amUy ; pi. pieces of 
plank bolted to the end of a ship's oowsprit. — 
Baeniread^ (beO)r6dOt n. The pollen of flowers, 
collected by bees, as food for their young. — 
Bao'lilve^ (-biV), n. A hive for a swarm of bees. 
—Bee line. The shortest line from one place to 
another; an air line. — Bees'wax^ (bez'wSks^), 
Wax secreted by bees, and used in constructing 
their cells. — Beos'wlng' (-wlng^), n. A crust, 
consisting of tartar and resembling a bee*s wing, 
formed in old wine. 

Boooll (bech), n. A nut-bearing forest tree. — 
Boooll'eil (bech''n), a. Consisting of, or per- 
taining to, the wood or bark of the beech. — 
Boeoll'nilt (-nfit), n. The nut of the beech. 

Boef (bSf ), n. Flesh of an ox or cow ; an animal 
of the ox kind. [In this sense it has a plural. 
Beeves (bSvz).]— o. Like, or pertaining to. 

1 Neck ; 2 Shaking-piece ; 8 Chine ; 4 Ribs ; 5 Clod ; 
6 Brisket \ 7 Flank ; 8 Loin, Sirloin ; 9 Rump ; 10 
Round ; 11 Leg ; 12 Foot ; 13 Udder i 14 Shin ; 15 

beef. — Beefy (-j^), a. Having much beef ; re- 
sembling beef ; fleshy. — Beef ' Oat ' er , n. One 
who eats beef ; a large, plump, well-fed person ; 

a yeoman of the guard, in "Kngland ; an African 
bird, that feeds on maggots hatched under the 
skin of oxen, antelopes, etc. — Beefsteak^ (bef '- 
stak'), n. A slice of beef for broiling. 
Tbln^, p. p, of Be. 

Beer \}i^h ^' ^ fermented liquor made from 
malt with hops. — BOOX^, a. Of, resembling, 
or affected by, beer. 

Beet (bSt), n. A plant, having a succulent root 
used for food and for making sugar. 

Beetle (bS'tU), n. A mallet or wooden hammer. 
— V. t. To beat with a mallet ; to produce fig- 
ures (in metal, etc.) by such beating. 

Beetle (bS't'l), n. A coleopterous insect having 
four wings, the outer pair being stiff cases lor 
covering the others when folded up. 

Bee'tle (be't'l), v. i. To extend out ; to jut. 

Beeve (bev), n. A bull, ox, or cow. See Beet. 

Be-faU' (bt-f{)K), V. t. [imp. Befell (-f610 ; P- P' 
Beeallen (-f Al'*n) ; Beeallieo.] To happen to ; 
to occur to. — V. i. To come to pass ; to happen. 

Be-fiV (b^-fTf), V. t. To be suitable ; to become. 

Be-fOgaed' (b^f 5gd'), a. Involved in a fog. 

Be-fooF (b«-foolO, v. /. [Bbvooled (-fSoldO; 
Befooling. 1 To fool ; to infatuate ; to deceive. 

Be-fore' (bi-f or')* prep. In front of ; preceding ; 
in presence or sight of ; facing ; in the power 
of. — adv. On the fore part; in time preced- 
ing; already. 

Be-foretUUia' (b^-fSr^hSudOi adv. Previously. — 
a. Well provided. 

Bo-foretlmo' (bi-f Sr'tlmOi adv. Of old time ; for- 

Be-fovl' (bt-foul')* V. t. To make foul ; to soil ; 
to dirty. 

Be-friena' (blK-fr6ndO» v. t. To treat or serve as 
a friend ; to favor ; to aid ; to countenance. 

Beg (b6g or ba), n. A Turkish governor of a 
town or district ; a bey. 

Beg (b6g), V. t. [Begoed (bfigd) ; Begoino.] To 
ask earnestly ; to entreat ; to implore ; U) be- 
seech ; to supplicate. — v. t. To ask alms ; to 
solicit favor or charity. 

Be-gan', imp. of Begin. 

Be-get' (b*-g8f ), V. t. {imp. Begot (-g5f), {Ar- 
cKaic Begat (-gSt')) ; p. p. Begot, Begotten 
(-gSft'n); Begetting.] To procreate or gener- 
ate ; to get ; to produce. — Be-getter, n. 

B^gar ( b6g ' g@r ), n. One who b^^ or lives 
by begging; 

5gP _ 
(-gSrd) ; Beggaring.] 

a mendicant. — v. t. [Beggabed 

^^ ^, To reduce to beggary ; to 

exhaust'. — Beg'gar-Iy (-gSr-iy ), a. In the con- 
dition of a beggar ; mean ; poor. -^adv. Meanly. 
— Beg'gar-y f gSr-y ), »• indigence. 

Be-glld' (bft-glld'), v. t. To cover with gold. 

Be-gln' (b*-gln'), t;. i. [imp. Began (-gSn') ; p.p, 
Bbgitn (-gtin'); p. pr. Beginning.] To take 
rise ; to commence ; to do the first act ; to take 
the first stop. — v. t. To commence. — Bo-gln'- 
ner, n. — Be-gln'nlng, n. The first cause ; ori- 
gin ; source. 

Be-gird' (b#-gSrdOi v. t. To gird ; to encompass ; 
to inclose. 

Be-gone' (b^-gSn')* interj. Go away ; depart 

Be-got', Be-gotten, imp, & p. p. of Beget. 

Be-grtme' (bi-gnmO, v. t. lBegbimed (-grimdO ; 
Begbdcino.] To soil with grime or dirt. 

Be-grudge' (b#-grtij'), v. t. [Bbgbitdoed (-grttjd'); 
Begrudging.] To envy the possession of. 

Be-gnile' (b#-gilO, v. t. [Beguiled (-gOd') ; Be- 
guiling.] To delude by artifice ; to impose on ; 

ft, 8, 1, 0,0, long ;&,<,!, ft, tt,t, abort ;aepato,<vwit, idea, 6b^,flnit6,oAg^i4rm, ask, all , fliia^ 


Be-nm'.D. V. of 
B».Eall' XbCbiti') 

mn; to •mme.-BntlW- 

Bliiiw. — BhiII'st, n. 

or b^g«iD), fi. An bit iDdl* 


Bella^wsa (UKU-dfo^t), n. 

-■--'- - -'— -.nMdInniedlilae. 
A younf «id mCCrw 
I (bCl-Stt 'tSr), n. 


D (-talrd'); 

B»Ulld' (W-hlnA prtp. At the br-- ' - 
tbe oUwT liile oC j inferlar to. — adv. 

i; put.- Bt-UnllMBd' (-M 

B^hoW fbt-hBId'), T. t 

B-HELD(-h«ld'); (p.p. forn) 
•— d-n),tio*Qi6donlyM«,); 

tion; iHiEPHCloae. 
B*Ulrw-mt (bR-lTj'ST-imt}, a. Wwlng, or t 

poaed tor, wiir. — n. A Btate carryjng oom 
B«110W (bfllB), r. i. [BttHiwH. (^d) ; B 

Lawma.] To make ■ hollow, loud Bf^m. >. 

B»llBWl(li«l'l«s),n. »>TiS. *pJ. Anil 

for propelliaBtiir through 4 tube. 
Brtay (Ml'IJ), «.,■ pJ. Buxm {-Hi). Th»l 

rof thft body which cont^iiu Iba boweli; 
■bdomen. — r. i. [Bbjjui <-iId) : BULT- 
IHa.l To become protulHnuit: to bolfe: to 
Bwell; lo pun out. 
B«lly-1MB1' (.MikI')i n- A bood encompudDg 

fit-lone' (l)t-l£ie'), ", i. [BnAHSiD (-1Clngd'>> 
BUCBOUIO.] To be the proporty, concom, m 
proper budnen of ; toapperUdD.— BA-lmic'lili;. 

Wani^ii-liyJup'. H-vtr^ u o.), p. p. 

ft a. QrenUy loTod ; dour to the hoKt. 
le-loW (b8-iy>, prsp. Under in time or plucc i 

henaUh ; Inleribr to ; unworthy ol ; Dnbafltting. 

^adv. lo a iDvrer plue^ on earth; in iteU, or 

the rwiou ot tbe dead. 
UU IbCIC), n. That which euRirdlee a thing ; ■ 

tfr-mnil' (bt-m3n'), «, (. To lament ; to bewafl. 
W-BlMlC (hi inlSk'), B. (, To ridicule: to Ineult 
tush (bfoch), n. A long aeatortahlei aeeat 

aaju^ea; the court. - Bannli'ai, n. A eenior 
iBMBber ot the EagUth Inn. ot court. 

MMndJ, r, (. & f^ [Baj(DaDorBlHT(hSnl); 

— Btnl'a-bla.a. Ca^ 

nd'ai, n. 

□eth'), prep. Lower 

1 <b«nd), r, (. S 

than ; under i below, ^ adv. In a lower pL 
Bai'».aKil (b»ii'«-dTht), JSm't^iok (-dTk), n. a 

man newly married. 
Btn't-dlotlan (b«n't-dIk'Mittn), n. A blanlng, 

an iDvocatioD el banilneaa ; thanke. 
BtIl'»4utlon (hfn't-nk'diDu). n. A coaferrbiK 

a benefit ; a benefit conferred ; a donation. — 

bsneflt. — Bai'»4unnii (-flCktrftl, n. Ami. 
man who oonfera a beneflt. — Bvn'o-lloi ( bJhi't - 
fCt), fi. Achurc1>Uvii«. — Bn'MlMdj-nit), 

Bt-nBri-ocnoa (ht-t 


The practlou 

charity, — Be-nen-oent (-Knt), a. Doing good ; 
generous; muDiflcent. — HB-nBH-OMlt-ly, iKlti. 
Ban's-U'cial |ben'tnih'al), s. Ueefgli proAt 
able. — Bgn'a-ll'iilil-^. fdt. — Bai't-U'oW-rr 
(-I-i-iJor-4-rtj, a. floldingsomeofflceorpoB. 

one recefFing a gift.' or maintained by charity. ' 
Ben'^-fltMnt-nt), n. Advantage ; proBt ; ues ; 

1, oat, oU, cbalr, p), huk^ ink, dun, tUD. 




■enrioe; fftTor conferred. ^«. /. [Bi 
BranmHa.] To do good to; to pn^t.— «. i. 
To gain adyantage. 

Be-ntV^O-lfllLOe (bl-nSy'i-Iena), n. Disposition to 
do good ; good will ; kindness ; benignity ; ten- 
derness. — Be-neT^O-lailt (-l«nt), a. Beneficent; 
mtiniflcent. — Be-neT^o-lMLt-ly, adv. 

Bo-nlCllt^ (b^nif), V. t. To Involre in night, 
dufaiess, or ignorance. 

tod-nlgn' (Uf-ninOt a* Gracious ; kind ; propi- 
tious ; gentle ; generous. — Bd-nlgnlyt oav. — 
Ba-nlg^ant (-nTg'nant), a. Kind; gracious; 
favorable. — Be-nlg^Utllt-ly, adv, — Bo-nlg'- 
ni-ty (-nT-l^), n. Condescending kindness ; gra- 
ciousness ; wholesome quality. 

Pam'l-fOll (b6nT-z'n), n. Blessinff ; benediction. 

Bmt (bSnt), imp. & p. p, of Bbsd. ^ n. A 
curve ; bias ; propensity ; disposition ; tendency. 

Be-nnml/ (bt-nttm'), v. t. [Bbnumbbd (-nfimd') ; 
BBNUKBiNe.] To deprive of sensation or sensi- 
bility ; to make numb or torpid. 

tal-ZOlO (bSn-zSOfk), a. Pertaining to, or ob- 
tained from, benzoin. — Ben-ZOilL' (-zoin'), n. 
The fnwrant, resinous juice of a tree of Su- 
matra, Java, etc. — Bm'zole (bfin'zSl), Ben'- 
IO-Um (-zft-lTn), n. An oily substance from 
bitumhious coal, possessing solvent powers. 

B»-pnlBa' (bt-prSz'), v. t. To praise excessively. 

Bo-anaatli' (bl-kwetfaO, v. L [Biqubatiikd 
(-kwSthd') ; BmtuxATHraa.] To give by will ; to 
hand down ; to transmit. — Be-qneatll'er, n. — 
Be-qnMt' (-kwSstO, n. Something left by will ; 
a legacy. 

Be-rata^ (b^rStOf v. t- To rate ; to scold. 

B»-reavo' (b^-rSvOt v. t. [Bkbeaybd (-rSvdO or 
Bbbeft (-rSff) ; BiBBAViNa.] To make desti- 
tute; to depnve; to take away from. — Bd- 
reave'llieilt (-ment), n. Deprivation. 

B«n (bSrg), n. A mass of ice. 

BairSa-lllot (bSr^gft-mSt), n. A variety of orange, 
also of pear, and of mint ; perfume made from 
the fruit ; snuif flavored with this perfume ; a 
kind of tapest^. 

B«X^-€le (ber'ni-k*!), n. Arctic goose ; barnacle. 

Btl^ (bSr'rj^), n. ; pi. Bkhhxbs (-rTz). A small 
pulpy fruit containing seeds ; an egg of a fish. 
«■ v. i. [Bkbbisd (-rid) ; BnotTmo. j To pro- 
duce berries, —v. i. To impregnate with eggs 
or spawn. 

BcrtlL (bSrth), n. A place where a ship lies when 
at anchor or at a wharf ; a bunk or deeping 
place in a ship ; a situation or emplojrment. —v. 
t, [Bebthkd (bSrtht); Bkrthhio.] To give 
anchorage to ; to allot berths to. 

Bex^l (bSrTl), n. A bluish-green mineral or gem. 

Bd-saacli' (b^-sSch')t v. t [Bksougiit (-sftf) ; Br- 
SBBCHiNo.] To ask or entreat ; to im^ore ; to 
supplicate. — Be-BOeoll'blg-ly, adv, 

Be-saem' (b^sem'), v. t. To become ; to befit. 

B»-8et' (b$-86t0« V. t. [Bbsbt ; Bbskitiko.] To 
set on, in, or around ; to hem in ; to waylay , 
to urge; to press. —Bd-SOt'inent, n. State of 
being beset — Be-80t'tinf , a. Habitually at- 
tending or pressing. 

Bd-Shrew' (b^-8hr}i'), v. t. To curse ; to execrate. 

Ba-Sido' (bS-Bid'), prep. At the side of; aside 
from ; out of ; over and above ; distinct from. 
[In this use besides is more common.] — B&- 
■ides' (-8idz'),ar(fi;. More than that ; moreover ; 
in addition '—prep. Over and above ; separate 
or distinct from ; m addition to. 

(b«-«8i0» V* <• [BMiicDn> (HiSJdO ; 

smmro.] To beset ; to environ ; to bam in ; to 

encompass. — Be-llo'Kar, n. 
Be-alAbdbV (bS-slXba)&), Bo-lU^tr (nsUv'Sr), 

Be-slobOMT (-slSb'bSr), Be-iduVbo: (Hsllib'bSr), 

v. L To soil or smear with spittle. 
Bo-maar^Cbft-smSrOfV*^* [BmuuBSD(-«m8rdO; 

Bbbmsaboto.] To mear with glatinous matter ; 

to soil ; to daub. 
Bo'Wim (bS'zfim), n. A brush of twigs ; a broom. 
Be-SOt' (bt-s0V), V. L To make sottish by drink ; 

to infatuate. — B«-80tttd4y, adv. In a besotted 

manner. — Bo-SOtted-naM, n. 
Be-Mmffht' (bt-sRf ), p. p, of BssncH. 
BMVaFtir (b^pSt^uIr), v, t. To soii by spatter- 
ing ; to asperse with <»luiimy. 
Bo-ipaak' (b^-spSk'), v. t. [imp. Bkspoks (-spSkOi 

{Archaic Bbspaks (-spSk')) ; p. p. Bisfokk, Bb- 

SFOKXN (-spS'k'n); p. pr. Bksfbaxxho.] To 

speak for ; to engage beforehand ; to betoken ; 

to show. 
Bd-vpread' (bt-epr6d0» v. t. To spread or cover 

Be-svrin'kle (bt-sprTn'kl), v. U To sprinkle 

over ; to scatter over." 

BM'M-mer itoeV (bfis's^mSr staO- Steel made 
directly from cast iron, the impurities being 
burned out by forcing a blast of an: through the 
molten- metal. 

BMt (bSst), a., tuperl, of Good. Having good 
qualities in the highest degree ; most good ; 
most correct or complete. — n. Utmost ; high- 
est endeavor, — adv., superl. ofWtxj*. In the 
highest degree. 

Be-itain' (bl-«t5n')t v. t. To mark with stains ; 
to discolor ; to spot. 

Bestial (bfis'chal), a. Belonging to a beast; 
brutal ; carnal ; vile ; sensuaL — Bas-tial'i-ty 
(-chSlT-t^ or -chT-ftlT-tj^), n. Beastliness.— 
Bestial-iza (-chal-iz), v. t. To make bestial. 

Bo-ltix' (b^-stSrO, V. t. [Bbstirbxd (-stSrdO ; Ba- 
STiRBiNO.] To put into brisk action ; to hasten. 

Be-Btow' (b^-stS'), V. t, [Bbstowxd (-stSd') ; Bs- 
STownio.] To stow ; to make use of ; to lay 
out or up ; to confer. — Bd-atOW'al (-al), Be- 
atOW^ant, n. A bestowing ; a donation. 

B»-8trew' (b^-strji' or -strCO, v, t, [imp. Ba- 
STBBWXD (-strnd' or -strSd') ; p. p. Bbstbbwkd, 
BisTROwv (-strSnO ; p. pr. Bbstrxwino.] To 
scatter over ; to strow. [Spelt also hestrow."] 

Bo-atrlde' (bt-stridO* v. t. \imp. Bbstrodb (b^ 
Btr5d'), {Ohs. or R. Bbstbid (-strld')) ; p- p- 
Bbstriddsh (-8trTd'd*n^, Bbstrid, Bbstrodb: 
pr. pr. Besteidiko.] to stride over ; to stand 
or sit with the legs extended across. 

Be-atrodo' (b^-strSd'), imp. of Bbstbidb. 

Be-atrown' (b^-str5nQ, 0. pr. of Bbstrbw. 

Bet (bSt), n. That which is stsked in a contest, 
to be won by the victor ; a w^er ; a stake. — 
V. t. [Bbttbd ; Bettiko.] To stake ; to wager. 
—Better, Bettor, n. 

Be-take' (b^tSk'), v. t. [imp. Bbtook (-td6k0 ; 
p. p. Bbtakkm (-tS'k'n) ; BvrAKiiro.] To 
nave recourse to ; to apply ; to resort. 

Betel (be'tU), n. An East India pepper. —Be- 
tel nat. The nut of the areca palm, chewed 
with betel leaves (whence its name) and lime. 

Be-tblnk' (b^-tliTnk'), v. t. [Bkthouoht (-thatO ; 
Bbthinkino.] 1*0 call to mind; to recall; to 
recollect ; to reflect. 

Be-Ude' (b$-tid'), v. t. [imp. & p. p, Bxtidsd, 

ft(9,1, 5, a, long ;&,£,!, 5,li, j^, short; lenAte, dvent. Idea, 6bey, Unite, cAre, ttrm, ask, nil, iliMd^ 

Bar's! (b/v'Sl), A. A ^nt ot a nii^ /^ 
lace al jm vi^le DOt % rfght unglfl ; in ^r 
IpBtnilDBiit for wljiutiiig AurfBces to ^aHB 
tLs Bme tncUaUlon.— a. Blunting, g^ , 

beTelimgle.—n. {. Tpgluit. 
BaVeMCa <U>'i[r-ll), n. Uquorbir 
BiW (MT?). "' A flock o( binli ; ■ 
Ba-walF (M-wilOi o- '' A <. Tosipr. 

B»-WiI»'(bt-"lin, t>. (. Tom»rd(«) 
becautlomiloUkehHd. [Uwdlnt 
tlvB uid InfinLtlTB mooda, and with 

ro.] To eh. 




chaTulneT]'. — B«-wlti}11'iIi>iil. 
Bt-wlWtbfrrt'),"-'- [B»WB*i 

wkatdkl] Td betray. 
B*r (1J>J< n. A Tuiklih prorinslil gorenm. 
Be-ynd' (b^yOnd'), pnfk On the fnither dde 

oiijHut laoore.^otfv. At a dlituue ; yonder- 
BM'«(tiSi'Sl),n. ThUputotaflngnriivwUcta 



BI?M(M™^" A ml«htou™e lid?! » leaning 
of thfl mind ; propeiuiity ; a wedge-dnped piece 

[Bunn (-bl'a<t); Bums.] To IdcIIi 
aide; Id prejudice i to prepmen. 
Bt-arU (bt-Kk^nlLBlHtt^-il (-I-al), o. 

BlVIl-oll (bib'll-kal), a. Pertaining to the Sible. 

BlVll-ogTt-Ihy Iblb'lI-ag'rL-fV). n. A hiatory 
or descripckm of bix>ka.^BlD'll'0C'n'Pk4r 
(-rar),n. OneyeraodlnbibHMmphyorllterary 
himory. — BWU^tnphlll (-i-griH'-Ili), »!►'- 
ll-D-gniblo-Il (I-kal), n. Pertaining te bib- 

Blb'a-tiu'lll-a (bTVir-t-nE'nT-i), n. A n<e far 
poaica^ng rare aad cutidub books. — BlVli-^ 
lU'li-ao (-Kk), n. One eiwer for boeka. 

Blb'll-op'c^Urt (bib MI - dp '!- nn), BtbOl^poto 

(bWn-t-pSl), n. Abookaeller. 
Blb'tto-tllfiw |bIb'lI-«-tfaE'k&). n. AUbnry. 
Blb'ii-lBni (bCVaiOs), 3. Rea^]jiinbiUi«flulda 

or ntoiflture ; apODiry : poroua. 
Bt-M^lE-lu (M-kjp'gG-ISr), a. Having two 

Bl-Mi'lNi-uta (bl-k&r^-ntt), n. A oaiboDaU 

BliM. Blia (I^a), t>. A blue plgneat. 
BlCMpb'a-lau (bl dl't.lSJ, a. HaTtog two 

Bl'naii (bi'Bjpa), n. A mnide baring two btada 
oi origma ; — applied to a fleun in the arm and 

Bl-OkiD'mAta (bt^&S'Qitt), a. Having two parte 
0( clicomla acid to one of other Inarediente. 

Bl-dp'Mtl (bt-ilpn:-ul), m-olpa-tant f-tHa), a. 
Having twa lieadi or dividingluto two part^ 

BlBk'wtbTlfir], e. i. [Biciaaan (-Srd)7BiOT- 
■auia.] To contend in petulant altercation ', to 

W-oel'or fbt-kttl'ffl!^, Bl-«d'and (bl-ktUllrd), a. 

M^WW (bi-kil*^Id), Btoni'Jld-BtB (-tt), o. 

Bi'OT-oI« (W'.Vk'l), n. A light vebicls baling 
two wheela one behind the other. IE haa a 
■addle aeat and le propelled by the rider** leat 

ad <bT(l). tF. (. [imji. Bun (bCd), (Obt. Bm), 
Bab; p. p. BioniH (bld'd^), Jaa\ BmniFe.l 
To offer ; ia ofler to pay (for a. thing put np Ji 

it, Atbi rydi^ 1^ flm, ftfM, lifM, oat, oU, ctuir, bo, ailiB, 1) 




auctioD) ; to declare (a wish, greeting, defiance) ; 
to order ; to direct ; to command ; to invite ; to 
request to come. — n. An offer of a price. — 
Bid'der, n. — Bld'dlnff, n. An invitation; a 
command ; an offerof a price. 
Bld'dy (MdMj^), n. A domestic fowl ; a chicken ; 

a servant girl. [Colloq.'] 
Bide (bid), V. t. [Bidbd; BiDiNo.] To dwell.— 

V. t. To endure ; to suffer ; to wait for. 
BI-«Il'lll-al (bt-6n'nT-al), a. Happening once in 
two years, ^n. A plant that lasts two years 
oniv. — Bl-en'nl-al-ly, adv. 
Bier (ber), n. A frame for conveying the dead to 

the grave. 
Bieefingl (bestOTngz), n. pL The first milk given 

bv a cow after calving. 
Bi-U'ri-ons (bt-fi'rT-ds), a. Twofold; in two 

BU'er-OU (bTfSr-fis), a. Bearing fruit twice a 

Bi'lid (bi'fTd), Bif i-date (bTf^T-dit), a. Two- 

cleft ; openmg with a cleft. 
Bi-fU/rate (bt-flo'rU), Bi-fU/rcns (-rtts), a. 

Bearing two flowers. 
Bi-foOi-ate (bt-fSai-at), a. Having two leaves. 
Bi'fomi (bi'fdrm), a. Having two forms or shapes. 

— Bi-f orm'i-ty (-t-ty), n. A double form. 
Bi-fVoate (bt-ffirOcSt), Bi-fni'ca-ted (-ktUtSd), 
a. Fcnrked ; divided into two branches. — Bi'- 
fnr-ca'tlon (bi'ffir-ka'shttn), n. A forking. 
Big (bTg), a. Bulky ; large ; huge ; great; swol- 
len ; pregnant. — Blg'nesa, n. 
Blg^a-my (bTg^ft-m^), n. The crime of having two 
wives or husbands at once. — Big'a-mist, n. 
One guilty of bigamy. — Blg'a-mou (-mils), a. 
Guilty of. or involving, bigamy. 
Big'gill (big'gTH), n. A child's cap or hood. 
Bii^gill (bTg'gTn), ». A coffeepot, with a strainer 
holding the ground coffee, through which boil- 
ing water is poiued. 
Bight (bit), n. A comer ; an angle ; a bend in 
a coast forming an open bay ; the double part of 
a rope when folded. 
Big^esa (bTg'nSs), n. Quality of being big. 
Big'ot (bTg'ttt), n. One obstinately wedded to a 
murticular creed, opinion, etc. — Big'Ot-ed, a. 
Obstinately devoted to a system or party, and 
illiberal toward the opinions of others. — Blg'- 
Ot-ed-ly, adv. — Big'Ot-ry (-lit-ry), n. Perverse 
attachment to certain tenets ; intolerance. 
BiglRrig (bTg'wTg), ». A person of consequence. 
U K^cn' (b^'zhoo'), n. A trinket ; a jewel. — Bi- 
Jontry (b^-zh5o'tr5^), n. Small articles of virtu, 
such as jewelry, trinkets, etc. 
BJiliHgate (bTj'^-g£t or bi'jd-git), BiJ'u-gou 

(-gus), a. Having two pairs, as of leaflets. 
Bl-lanbi-ate (bt-la'br-&t), a. Having two lips. 
Bi-lat'er-al (bt-lfit^r-al), a. Having two sides. 
Billwr-ry (bll'bSr-ij^), n. A shrub of the Whortle- 
berry family ; its berry. 
Biinx) (bTl'bS), n. ; pi. Bilboes (-biz). A rapier 

or sword ; a shackle for the feet. 
Bile (bil), n. A bitter, yellow fluid secreted by 
the liver. — BU'la-ry (btl'y&-ry), a. Pertaining 
to, or conveying, bile. — Bil'iona (-ytts), a. 
Pertaining to bile ; having bile in excess ; pas- 
sionate; ill tempered. 
Bilge (bTlj), n. Protuberant part of a cask ; broad- 
est and flattest part of a ship's bottom. — v. t. 
& i. [BiLOBO Cb^ljd) ; Biloino.] To fracture 
(the bilge) ; to leak by a fracture in the bilge. 

—Bilge water. Water fai the bilge or bottom 
of a ship. — Bil'gy (bTKjj^), a, SmeUing like 
bilge water. 

BU'ia-ry, a. See under Bilb, n. 

Bi-lin'gual (bt-lTn'gwal), Bi-lin'gnar (-gwer), 
Bi-lin'gUOlia (-grwGs), a. Having two tongues, 
or speaking two languages. 

Bil'iona, a. See under Bilb, n. 

Bi-lit'er-al (bt-lTt^r-ol), a. Consisting of two 

Bilk (bTlk), V. t. To deceive or defraud. — ». A 
cheat ; a swindler. 

Bill (bTl), n. The beak of a bird, turtle, etc. — 
V. i. [BiLLBD (bTld) ; Billhio.] To caress. 

Bill (bTl), n. A hook-shaped cuttug instrument ; 
ax ; pickax ; point of an anchor. — v. t. To work 
at (dig, chop, etc.) with a bill. — Bill'man (bTK- 
man), n. One who works or fights with a bilL 

Bill (bil), n. A written declaration ; a draft of a 
law ; a statement of goods sold, services ren- 
dered, etc., with charges due therefor; a state- 
ment of particulars ; a note ; a draft. 

Billet (bTinSt), n. A small paper; a note; a 
ticket directing soldiers at what house to lodge. 
—V. t. [Billeted; BiLLBTiNe.] To lodge or 
quarter (soldiers in houses, etc.). 

Bil'let (bTFlgt), n. A small stick of wood. 

llBiiaet-doax' (bnift-doo'), n. A love letter. 

Bil'liard (bTl'vSrd), a. Pertaining to billiards. — 
Bil'llarda (-ySrdz), n. A game played with 
ivory balls, on a rectangular table. 

Bil'Unga-gate' (bTlltngz-gat^), n. Foul language ; 

BU'lion (bTl'ytin), n. By French and American 
numeration, a thousand millions, or 1,000,000,- 
000 ; by the English, a million millions, or 1,000,- 

Bil'lOW (bTin$), n. A great wave or surge of the 
sea. — Billow-y (-Id-f )f a. Swelling into waves. 

Bil'ly (bTl'iy), n. . A club. 

BiOobed (bi'lSbd), Bi-loOiate (bt-isa&t or bllft-), 
a. Divided into two lobes. 

Bi-lOC'U-lar (bt-16k'!i-ler), a. Divided into, or 
containing, two cells. 

Bixn'a-noua (bTm'&-n8s or bi'm&-), a. Having 
two hands. 

Bi-men'sal (bt-mSn'sal), Bl-mea'tri-al (-mSs^trT- 
a1), Bi-montllly (-miinth'lj^), a. Occurring once 
in two months. 

Bin (bin), n. A box or repository of any com- 

Bi'na-ry (bi'n&-rj^), a. Compounded of two; 

Bi'nate (bi'nat), a. Being double or in couples. 

Bind (bind), V. t. limp. Bound (bound) ; p. p. 
Bound, formerly Boundbn (boun'd'n); p. pr. 
Binding.] To tie together ; to confine ; to re- 
strain; to protect or strengthen by a band or 
border ; to sew or fasten together, and inclose 
in a cover; to place under legal obligation to 
serve. — v. i. To contract ; to grow hard or 
stiff ; to be restrained from motion or action ; to 
be obligatory. — n. A stalk of hops. — Bind'- 
er, n. — Bind'er-y {-^T-f\ n. A place where 
books are bound. — Bind'mg, a. Having power 
to bind or oblige ; obligatory. — n. A fasten- 
ing with a band ; anything that binds ; a band- 
age ; the cover of a book ; something used to 
secure the edge of cloth from raveling, ete. 
Bind'weed^ (bind'wedO, n. A plant of the genus 

fi, 6, 1, o, Uf long ; &, «, 1, 5, tt, y, short ; aenftto, dvent, Idea, 6bey , tUnte, cftre, firm, ask, |^, final, 


compAaB oF « ahlp. llm^ l-lim 

Bl^Mll* <blat-k<l). n. A teluoope, with two cUcb bird> 

tulies itHniDE. — BlILOO'1-IU (Mn-Sk'S-l^c or (Mnlil'l, 

bt-aDk'-), 0. Having, peitabiiug tu, or adapted iui; bird ; 

■S'lui'^'l), n. An Bl 

r«-jhy (M-lSg'rt^fJJ, n! BLtfoty of tha life 

^haractflT Dl Ik particular mr^oc - "-' ' 

wrilinga in genaraL — W-Ol'ri 
n. A wrlMr of blDfiraphy, — B 
t-erJU'Ik), Bl'Chgngb'la-il . 

ntpMo-«l-ly. adv. 

Btill'0-(7 (bt-Bl'6-JJ), H. 


Btp'I'Tinw (blp'l-ilia), a. 

Bt:uru-u« Cbl-pSftr-bi), Bl-parmi* (-till. o. 

diplLblB of belDg divided mCo two parti. —Blp'- 
U-Utg (bIp'tkr-U~ti>rbt-pir'U~t),a. Havingtwo 

Bl'MTtniim Jbi'I^-tlBh'iln), n. A dividing 

'- BUH'DI (blab'tip), 
ll'OJ-rln (-r 

. , ... ' Bli'mnth 

BITW* (W'p«d),n. An UBiniBl bavine two feet b " 
M man.— a. Having two feat. — Blp'e-diiBl' 
(bTp'i^l or bi'pt-). a. Biped. 

Bl-p*n1Ut« (bt-pSn'nitJ. a. Having two wingi. 

Birth (bBrth), n 


id and used to decoy blrdi. — BM'- 
. — v.l. To inmare. — BlrtV-m' 
Felice, geoenl i not giving dotaUa ; 

b§[t4^d*l, B. ■ 



I'rijhP i-aV), n. A riEht or prlvilega la 
wujcD one ia entjtied b; blrtb- 
Bll'oillt (blB^It), t>. Hufennanted bnad baked 
bard; a baked cake^ iiHuaUy fermentedt made 

baking and Iwfore glazing. 
Bl4Ht' (bt-iRR'), g. I. To divide into two 
Ij equal) parO.— Bi-««OTl0Ilt-«tt'»blln), 
..___..__ ~ , It (-agg-tamt), B, 

iBlh), n. A redd 

barder Iban lead, and brittle. 

a Huare. ~ Bl'qiUd-TAt'iD, a. FeTtalolDg to 

Blrob (bificb), a. A tree of Hveral ipeoieL — 

a. Uada, CDDBiflting of, or partainUig I<k Urcb. 
— Blnil>'«i(b«r'ch'n), a. ^ircb. 
Blra (bSid), n. A feathered, flying anlmaL — 

BU-HstUa (blB-a«k>^>, ». Leap y*ari •rerr 
fourth year, in whlali February baa 23 (inatead 
of2S)daya. — a. Pertaining to leap year. 

Blltn (bTii'lIr), Blstn, n. Iron paint, nuda 

Bi»Toii-ry<blyti5S-i?), n. A aarireon's knife. 
Bl-nl'iata (btdU'Ut), Bl-*nl'0«U (-kla), a. 

Bit (bit), fi. A piece «l auythliw; ■ numel; a 
.,./.,. .■lejron mouth- 

ibiatle maUnn 

mil lood. lAt, otil, all, filiair, go, aluKi >Bk, t1 




feirter (MtOSr), a. Haying a peouliar, acrid, 
biting taate ; causing pain or dutress ; MTere ; 
cruel ; reproachful. — Bltlar-isll, a. Somewhat 
bitter. — Biftar-ly, adv. — Bitt«r-IWM, n. 

Btnem (bTt'tSm), n. A wading bird, related to 
the herons. 

Bitters (bTt'tSrs), n. pi. A splrituoua liquor 
flavored with bitter herbs or roots. 

Blt!s ^blts), n. pi. A frame of strong timbers on 
a slup, to fasten the cables. 

Bi-tn'mail (bl-tu^mSn), n. Mineral pitch ; an in- 
flammable tarry suDstance. — Bl-tn'ml-nata 
(bT-tu'mT-nat ), Bl-tB'mi-nizo (-ml-nTz), v. t. 
To form into or impregnate with bitumen. — 
Bi-tn'ml-noiu (-ntls), a. Having qualities of, or 
containing, bitumen. 

Bivalve (bi'vilv), n. A shell consisting of two 
parts or valves. — Bi'valve, Bl'valved (-vilvd), 
Bl-valv'oiiB (bt - vil' vOs), Bl-valv^n-lar (-v3- 
18r), a. Having two valves which open and shut. 

BlT^-OU (bTva-lis or biM-tls), a. Having, or 
leading, two ways. 

BlVonao (blv'wSk or -d6-Xk), n. The watch of an 
army by night ; an encampment without tents 
or covering. — v. t, [Bivouackso (-wSkt) ; Biy- 
cuACKiNO.] To watch or be on guard ; to en- 
camp without covering. 

Bt'weAkly (bl'wSkaj^), a. Occurring once hi 
every two weeks. — n. A publication issued 
once in two weeks. 

llBL-zazro' (b^i&rO) a. Odd ; fantastic ; queer. 

Blab (blSfaj, v. /. & i. [Blabbed (blXbd) ; Blab- 
bing.] To utter or tell indiscreetly ; to tattle. 
— n. A babbler ; a telltale. — Blalrber, n. 

BUuA (blXk), a. Destitute of light ; very dark ; 
dismal ; gloomy. — acfv. Sullenly ; in a threat- 
ening manner, —n. That which is destitute of 
light or whiteness ; the darkest color ; a black 
pigment ; a negro ; mourning, —v. /. [Blackko 
(USkt) ; Blacking.] To make black ; to soil ; to 
sully. — Blaok'en (blSk' 'n), V. t. To make bhwk 
or dark ; to darken ; to sully ; to defame. — v. i. 
To grow black or dark. — Blacking, n. A prep- 
aration for making (shoes, stoves, etc.) black ; 
act or process of making black. — Blacklsh, a. 
Somewhat black or dark. — Blaok'ness, n. 

Blaok'a-moor (blSk'&-moor), n. A negro. 

Black' arf (blSk' Hrt^). Conjuration ; magic. 

Blaokntall' (blSk^bftlO* »• ^ composition for 
blacking shoes, etc ; a ball of black color, used 
as a negative in voting. — v. t. To reject by 
putting blackballs into a ballot-box. 

BlaokHMr-ry (bUaca)6r-ij^), n. The berry of tlie 

BlacknUrd (blSk'bSrd), n. In England, a species 
of thrush, a aingmg bird with a fine note. In 
America, this name is given to different birds. 

BUokHloaid' (blSk'bordOt n. A board, to write 
on with chalk. 

Black'eii, v. i. See under Black, o. 

Black'gvard (blfig'giird), n. A person of low 
character or foul language ; a scoundrel ; a rough, 
—a. Scurrilous; low ; vicious. — v. /. & t. To 
revile in foul language. — Black ' guard - lam 
(-Tz*m), n. Conduct or language of a blackguard. 

Black' lead' (blSk^ ISd'). A mineral composed 
of carbon; plumbago; graphite. — Blacklead 
(blSklSd), V. t. To coat with black lead. 

Blackleg' (blSklSg^), n. A notorious gambler 
and cheat ; a disease of calves and sheep. 

Black' let'ter (blSk' let'tSr). The Old English or 

Ctothio letter, in which early manoacri]^ wen 

written, and the first books printed. — Blaokf— 

let^ter, a. Written or printed in black letter ; 

studious of old books. 
Black'Biair (blSk'nOaO, n. Payment to thieves, 

conspirators, etc., for exemption from robbery 

or harm. — v, t. To extort money by threats. 
Black'&ess, n. See under Black, a. 
Black'amitlK (blSk' smith 0. ». A smith who 

works in iron. 
BlacktkomMblXk'thdm/), n. A spiny plant, used 

for hedges. 
BUd'dar (bUd'dSr), n. A vessel hi the body con- 

taining some liquid.^ v. t. To swell out; to 

put into bladders. 
Blade (blSd), n. A leaf, or flat part of the leaf, of a 

Slant ; the cutting part of an instrument ; the 
at part of an oar ; the scapula, or shoulder 
blade ; a dashing fellow. — Blad'ed, a. Having 
blades ; divested of blades ; composed of long, 
narrow plates like the blade of a knife. 

BUde'lMine' (blSd'bSn'), n. The scapula, or upper 
bone in the shoulder. 

Blaln (blan), n. A sore ; a pustule ; a blister. 

Blame (blSm), v. t. [Blambd (blSmd); Blam- 
XNG.] To censure ; to find fault with. — n. Ex- 
pression of disapprobation; a thing deserving 
of censure or disapprobation ; reproach ; fault. 
— Blam'a-Ue (bla'in&-bU), a. Deserving cen- 
sure; faulty; culpable.— Blam'a-ble-neBS, n. 
— Blam'a-lily, adv. — Blameful (-fyl). a. 
Meriting blame ; reprehensible. — Blame'leiS 
(-18s), a. Without f suit ; not meriting censure ; 
faultless ; irreproachable ; innocent ; guiltless. 

— BlameOess-ly, adv. — BlameOeas-nesa, n. 

— Blame'WCl^tliy (-w(h/tfa^), a. Deserving 
blame: culpable; reprehensiDle. 

Blanch (blAnch), v. t. & i. [Blanghbd (bl&ncht) ; 
Blanchino.] To whiten ; to peel ; to skin. 

llBlanc-manae' (bla-m&Nzh'), n. A preparation 
of dissolved isinglass, sea moss, cornstarch, 
etc., sweetened, snd boUed with milk till thick. 

Bland (bUnd), a. Mild ; soft ; gentle ; courte- 
ous. — Blandly, adv. — Bland^wss, n. — 
Blan-dU'O-qnence (blSn-dTl'ft-kwens), n. Fair, 
mild, flattering speech.— Blan'disll (blXn'dTsh), 
V. t. & i. [Blandished (-dTsht) ; BlandisHino. J 
To flatter; to soften ; to caress. — Blan'diak- 
ment (-ment), n. An expression of affection 
or kindneas ; artful caresses ; flattery. 

Blank (blSnk), a. White; unwritten; pale or 
dej«3otod ;~ empty ; vacant; without rhyme.— 
n. A void space ; an unwritten paper ; a legal 
form or document having spaces to be filled in 
with names, dates, etc. ; a piece of metal pre- 
pared for completion by a machine, process, 

etc. —Blankly, adv. — Blank'^iesa, n. 

Blank'Ot (blSn'kSt), n. A woolen covering for a 
bed, etc. — "v. /. [Blankbtbd; Blankbting.] 
To cover with, or toss in, a blanket. 

Blare (blftr), v. i. [Blarbd (blfird) ; Blabing.] 
To sound loudly ; to roar. —v. t. To proclaim 
loudly. — n. Noise ; loud sound. 

Blar'ney (bllir'nj^), n. Smooth, deceitful talk; 

. flattery. — v. t. To deceive or flatter. 

llBla-se' (bl&-za'), a. Surfeited with pleasure ; 
used up. 

Blas-pheme' (blSs-femO, v. t. [Blasphbmbd 
(-fSmd') ; Blasfhbming.] To speak reproach- 
fully or impiously of Ood ; to utter abuse or cal- 
umny against. — v. i. To utter blasphemy. — 

ftg8,I,5,a,laDg; A, £,I,5,a,y*Bhort; sen&te, dvent,ldea, 6bey, finite, cAre, ftrm, ask, {|U, final, 




Blas-phem'tr (blSB-fSm'Sr), n.— BUui^lio- 
moiu (bl&s'f ^-mlis), a. Containing blasphemy ; 
impioiuly irreverent or reproachfal toward God. 

^BlaB^e-mons-ly, adv. —BLu^phB-mj (-f^- 

m^), n. impious language against God or sacred 

BUurt (blAst), n. A destructive or pernicious 
wind ; a forcible stream of air from an orifice ; 
a blight ; an explosion of powder ; a burst of 
sound ; a disease of sheep. «■ v. /. To injure ; 
to wither ; to blight ; to rend ; to split. 

Blatant (blS'tant), a. BeUowing, as a calf; 
noisy ; brawling ; boastful ; vaunting. 

Blaze (b^),n. A stream of ^ or vapor emit- 
ting light and beat ; intense light ; an outburst ; 
a white spot on a horse's face; a mark made 
by cutting hsrk from a tree. «• v. i. [Blazxd 
(blazd); Blazimo.] To shine; to glow.— f. /. 
To make public (news, etc.) ; to mark (a tree) 
by stripping the bark. 

Bla'Zon (bla'z'n), n. A shield ; a coat of arms ; 
armoriiu bearings ; ostentatious displav ; a show ; 
a publication, -^t;. t. [Blazoitsd (-z*nd) ; Bla- 

20NINO (-z^n-Tng).] To depict ; to display ; to 
embellish. — Bla^ 
coat of arms. 

I'ZOn-ry i-tf), n. Display; a 

Bleach (blech), v. t. & i. [Blbacrsd (blecht) ; 
Blkachino.j To whiten. — Bleaoh'er-y (-Sr-y), 
n. A place where bleaching is done. 

Bleak (blek), a. Desolate and exposed ; cold ; 
cheerless. — Bleak'nesSt n. 

Blear (blSr), a. Dim or sore with rheum. ^ v. t. 
[Blsabbd (blSrd); BuuniNG.] To dim (the 
eyes) ; to blur (the sight). — Bleai/eye^ (bler^Ot 
n. Chronic inflammation of the eyelids, with a 
gummy secretion. 

Bleat (blSt), v. i. To cry as a sheep. *-n. The 
cry of a sheep. 

Bleed (blSd), V. i. [Blxd (bl8d) ; Blbbdiho.] To 
lose blood, —v. t. To let blood. 

Blem'lBll (blSmTsh), v. t. [Blbmishsd (-Tslit) ; , 
Blbmishing.] To disfigure; to deform; totar^ 
nish.— n. A deformity; a flaw; a defect; a 
fault ; a disgrace. 

Blenoh (blSnch), v. i. [Blknchsd (blSncht); 
BuBNCHiNO.] To shrink; to flinch. 

Blend (bl6nd), v. t. & i. To mix ; to unite. 

Blonde (blSnd), n. An ore of zinc. 

Bless (bl6s), V. t, [Blkssbd (blSst) or Blest; 
Blsssino. J To make happy ; to invoke a bless- 
ing upon ; to praise ; to glorify. — Bless'ed 
(blfis'Sd), a. Happy ; hallowed ; blissful ; joy- 
ful. — Bless'ed-ness, n. — Bless'ing, n. Means 
of happiness ; divine favor ; a wish of happi- 
ness ; a benediction. 

Blest (blSst), a. Made happy ; cheering. 

Blet (bl8t), n. A decayed spot on fruit. 

Bligllt (blit), V, L To blast ; to prevent growth 
ot ; to frustrate ; to ruin. — n. Mildew ; decay. 

Blind (bliud), a. Destitute of sight ; dark ; ob- 
scure ; undiscerning ; unintelligible. — v. t. 
To deprive of sight ; to darken ; to obscure. — 
n. Something which hinders sight or keeps out 
light ; a screen ; a subterfuge. — BUnd'ly, adv. 
— Bllnd'ness, n. — BUnd'er, n. 

BUnd'told^ (bliiid'fSIdO, V. t. To cover the eyes 
of ; to hinder from seeing, —a. Blinded ; lieed- 
loss * I'ccklcs&a 

Bllnd'man*8 buff' (bllnd'mSnz b&f'). A play in 
which one person is blindfolded, and hunts the 
rest of the company. 

BUnd'WOrm (bHnd'wfirm), n. A small, burrovF- 
ing, limbless lizard, havmg very minute eyes ; a 
slow worm. 

Blink (blTnk), v. i. [Blinkxd (blT^^ ; Blink- 
ing.] Towiak ; to see with the eyes half shut : 
to twinkle ; to glimmer. — v. U To shut out of 
sight ; to exclude ; to evade. — n. A glimpse ; 
a glance ; a gleam ; a sparkle ; a dazzling white- 
ness from fields of ice. — BUnk'ard (-erd), n. 
One who blinks ; that which twinkles. — BlUlk^- 
er, n. One who blinks; a blind for horses; 
whatever obstructs sight or discernment. 

BUss (blTs), n. Blessedness ; felicity ; happiness; 
joy. — BUss'fnl, a. Full of joy ; supremely hap- 
py. — Bliss'fnl-ly, adv. — Bliss'fnl-ness, n. 

BUs'ter (blls'tSr), n. A thin, watery bladder on 
the skin ; a plaster applied to raise a blister. — 
V. /. To raise blisters upon. «>i;. i. To rise in 

Blithe (blitfa), a. Gay ; merry ; joyous ; spright- 
ly; mirthful.— Blitnely, adv.— BUtke'&ess, 
n. — Blitko'some (-stlm), a. Gay; cheerful; 
blithe. —Blltke'some-ness, n. 

Bloat (bl5t), v. t. & i. To puff out ; to swell. ^ 
n. A worthless, dissipated fellow. — Bloat'eTt 
n. A herring, smoked and half dried. 

Block (bl6k), n. A mass of wood, stone* etc. ; 
a row of buildings ; a system of pul- 
leys or sheaves, arranged in a frame ; 
an obstruction. — f. /. [Blocked 
(bl5kt) ; Blocking.] To hinder ; to 
obstruct; to secure or support by 
blocks: to secure; to stop up. — 
Bl00kas]l,a. Stupid ; dull.— BlOCk'- 
isk-ly, a(fi;.— Blook'isk-ness, n. 

BlOOk-ade' (blSk-Sd'), n. The shutting 
up of a place by troops or ships, ^v. t. 
To shut up (a town or fortress), so as 
to compel a surrender ; to confine. — 
Blook-ad'er, n. 

Blookliead^ (bl5kni8ao*n. A stupid fellow ; dolt. 

BlOOk'konse' (blSk'hous'), n. A wooden fori. 

Blook'isll, a., etc. See under Block, n. 

Blom'a-XT, n. See Bloomhbt, under Bloou, a 
mass of iron. 

Blond, Blonde (bl5nd), a. Fair; light colored. 

— n. A person of fair complexion, light hair, and 
blue eyes ; silk lace (called also blonde laee). 

Bleed (bind), n. The red fluid circulating in animal 

. bodies ; relation by natural descent ; consan- 
guinity ; kindred ; lineage ; honorable birth ; 
the shedding of blood; murder; disposition; 
passion ; a man of fire or spirit ; a rake. — v. t. 
To let blood from ; to bleed ; to stain with blood. 
— BlOOd'y (-^), a. Containing or stained with 
blood ; murderous ; cruel. — t>. t. To stain 
with blood. — BlOOdl-ly, adv. — Blood'i-ness, n. 
— Bloodless, a. Destitute of blood ; lifeless; 
without bloodshed; spiritless.— BlOOd'fnilVy 
(-eTlt''j^), a. Guilty of murder or bloodshed. — 
Blood 'gnllt'i-ness, n.— Blood 'thirst' y, a. 
Murderous; cruel.— BlOOd'thirsM-ness, n. -« 
Blood heat. Heat equal to the temperature of 
blood (about 98*^ Fah. in man). — Blood hOTSe. 
A horse of the purest stock. — Blood vesseL A 
vessel in which animal blood circulates ; a vein ; 
an artery. 

Blood'hoimd' (blSd'houndOt n. A ferocious va- 
riety of dog, of very acute smell. 

BlOOd'root (blfid'roof), n. A plant used medici- 
nally, having a red root and sap. 


ism, xvcent, drb| rude, f ^^ Hm, Xtfbd, f <Aii| out, oil, diair, 90, sing, i||k, tben, UlilL 




BlOOd'slied' (blttd'shSdO, n. A shedding of Uood; 

BlOOd'sllOt ^blfid'ahSt), a. Red and inflamed; 
suffused with blood. 

Blood'snok'er (blfid'sfik^r), n. Any animal that 
sucks blood ; a leech ; an extortionate person ; 
a money lender. 

Blood'7, a^& V. See nnder Blood, n. 

Bloom (bloom), n. A blossom ; a flower ; the can- 
ing of buds or flowers ; freshness ; beauty. ^ 
v. i. To blossom ; to produce blossoms or flow- 
ers ; to show beauty and yigor. — BlOOm'y {-S)i 
a. Full of, or covered with, bloom; flowery. 

— Bloom^Ug, a. Flowering ; vigorous. 
Bloom (bloom), n. A mass of crude iron or steel, 

forged or rolled, preparatory to further working. 

— Bloom'e-ry (bioom'&-rj^), Blom'a-ry, Bloom'- 

a-X7, n. A forge in which blooms of wrought 
iron are made from the ore or from cast iron. — 
Bloom'lllg, n. The process of making blooms. 

BlOS'SOm (blSs'stlm), n. The flower of a plant. — 
V. i. To put forth blossoms ; to flower ; to flour- 
ish; to prosper; to thrive. 

Blot (bl5t), V. t. [Blottbd ; Blottino.] To spot ; 
to stain ; to disgrace ; to obliterate ; to erase ; 
to efface.— n. A spot ; a blur ; a blemish ; a 
disgrace ; a failing ; a weak point. — Blot'tor, 
11. One who or that which blots ; a wastebook ; 
porous paper to absorb ink. 

Btotcli (blSch), n. A pustule or eruption upon 
the skin. — v. t. To spot. 

Blonse (blouz ; F. blooz), n. A light outer gar^ 

Blow (bio), V. i. [Blew (blu) ; p. p. Blown (bl5n) ; 
BiiOWiiTo.] To blossom ; to bloom ; to flower. — 
V, t. To put forth (blossoms or flowers). — ». 
Blossom; flower ; a bed of flowers. 

Blow (bio), n. A stroke ; a calamity ; a shock. 

Blow (bio), V. i. [imp. Blew (blu) ; p. p. Blown 
(bl5n) ; Blowino.] To make a current of air ; 
to puff ; to pant ; to spout (water, ete.) ; to 
sound on being blown into, as a trumpet ; to be 
moved by the wind ; to talk loudly ; to brag ; to 
bluster. —V. /. To force air upon or through ; 
to impel ; to burst ; to iriiatter ; to publish ; to 
inflate ; to put out of breath ; to deposit eggs in 
(meat, ete.). — n. A blowing ; a gale ; a spout- 
ing of a whale ; an egg or larva deposited by a 
fly in flesh, etc. — Blow'er, n. — Blow^ (-y), 
a. Windy ; gusty. — Blown (bl5n), p. p. &<i. 
Swollen ; puffed up ; stale ; out of breath ; ex- 
hausted ; covered with eggs and larvae of flies. 

BlOW'pipe/ (blS'pip'), n. A tube for driving air 
through flame, to concentrate heat on some ob- 

Blowse (blouz^, n. See Blousb. 

BlOWZd (blouz), n. A ruddy, fat-faced woman. — 
BlOWZ'y (blouz'3^), a. Coarse and ruddy-faced ; 
fat and ruddy ; frowzy. 

Blub'ber (biaVbSr), n. Fat of whales. — v. i. 
To weep noisily, —v. /. To disflgure (the face) 
with weepinf?. 

Blnd'geon (blQj'Qn), n. A short stick; a club. 

Blue (blu), a. Of a color like the clear sky ; low 
in spirits ; melancholy ; gloomy ; over strict in 
morals. — n. One of the seven primary colors ; 
a pedantic woman. —r. t. To make^ or dye, 
blue. — Blues (bluz), n. pi. Low spinte ; mel- 
ancholy. — Blue'ness, n. — Bln'lng, n. A ren- 
dering blue ; indigo, etc., for giving a blue tint. 

— Bln'isll, a. Somewhat blue. 

mvaOwC'tlO (blu'bSt^tn}, n. A plant which in- 
fests grain flelds and has blue bottloHBliaped 
flowers ; a fl^, with a large blue abdomen. 

Blno'llOM (blu'nSz), n. Nickname for a Nova 

Blno'StOOk'illff (blu'stOk'Ing), n. A literary lady ; 
a female pedant. 

Blnlf (blfif ), a. Having a broad, flattened front ; 
steep ; bold ; surly ; gruff ; blunt, —n. A high, 
steep bank ; a bluffing, or imposing upon by self- 
confidence ; a game at cards, ^v. t. [Bluffkd 
(blOft) ; Blufpiro.] To frighten by a show of 
strength. — Bluff 'nOBS, n. 

Bln'lllg, Bln'lsll. See under Bluk, a. 

Blun'der (bliin'dSr), V. i. To make a gross mis- 
take, —n. A careless, stupid, or ignorant error. 

— Blun'der-er, Blnn'der-liead' (-hSdO* »• A 

blundering fellow. — Blnn'dor-lllg-ly, adv. 

Blnn'der-blUUl (bl&n'dSr-biis), n. A short gun, 
with large bore. 

Blunce O^lfinj}, V. t. 
Toblend ; to beat up 
and mix (clav, ete.) 
in water. — Biun'cer filunderbuM. 

(-jSr), n. A wooden 

blade for mixing clay in potteries. — PlllBf- 
ging;. n. The process of mixing potter's clay. 

Blunt (blfint), a. Having a thick edge or point ; 
dull ; abrupt or rude in manner ; unceremoni- 
ous. ^ V. t. To dull the edge or point of ; to 
weaken. —Blunt' ly, adv. — BlnnfneBS. n. 

Blur (blQr), V. t. [Blubbkd (blQrd) ; Blubbino.] 
To obscure ; to dim ; to stain ; to blemish. — n. 
A stein ; a blot ; indistinctness. 

Blurt (blflrt), V. L To utter suddenly or unsMi- 
visedly ; to divulge rashly. 

Blnsli (bltlsh), V. i. [Blushed (blSsht) ; Blush- 
ino.] To have a red or rosy color ; to redden 
in the face, as from shame, confusion, or mod- 
esty. — n. A rosy tint ; suffusion of the cheeks ; 
a sudden appearance ; a glance ; view. — Blusll'- 
ing-ly, adv. With blushes. 

BlUS'ter (blQs'tSr), V. i. [Bldstbred (-tSrd); 
Blustkrino.] To blow fitfully and noisily ; to 
storm ; to rage ; to swagger, ^n. Noisy talk ; 
turbulence; boasting; biUlying; fuss. — BlU'- 
ter-or, n. — Bluster-ing-ly, adv. 

Bo'a (bC'S), n. A large American serpent, in- 
cluding the largest species of serpent, the Boa 
constrictor^ which crushes its prey in ite coils ; 
a woman^s fur tippet, shaped like the serpent. 

Boar (bSr*^, n. The male of swine ; the wild hog. 
— Boar'isll, a. Swinish ; brutal ; cruel. 

Board (b5rd), n. A timber sawed thin, for use in 
building, etc. ; a table ; food ; entertainment ; 
a council or meeting ; deck, interior, or side of 
a ship ; a table or frame for a game ; paper 
made thick and stiff like a board. — v. t. To 
cover with boarding ; to enter a ship, railroad 
train, ete. ; to supply with meals. — v. i. To 
receive meals, etc. , for pay. — Board'er, n. One 
who lives at another's teble for pay ; one who 
boards a ship. — Board'ing, n. An entering a 
ship ; a covering of or with boards ; supply of 
meals for pay. —Boarding llOUSO. A house in 
which boarders are kept. — Boarding SCllOOL 
A school in which pupils receive board and 
lodging, as well as tuition. 

Boast (host), v.i.&t. To telk ostentetiously \ to 
vaunt ; to brag. — n. Act or cause of boasting. 
— Boast'er, n. — Boast'fnl (-ful), a. Given to 

ft, 9, 1, o« a, long i ft, 6, 1, 5, tt, jr« short j fleoftto, dvaiit, tdea, Obey, Onite, cftra^ iinn, 4d^ ||11, flaol. 




boosting. — Boast'fnl-ly (b5st'f\il.lj^), adv, — 
Boast'fnl-negs, n. 

Boat (bot), n. A small open vessel; a ship.— 
V. t. To transport in a l>oat. — BOAt'a-ble, a. 
Navigable for boats. — Boat'age (-aj), n. Con- 
veyance by boat, or the charge therefor. — Boat'- 
ing, n. A rowing or sailing. — Boat'man, n. 
One who manages a boat. — Boat book. An 
iron hook on the end of a pole, to pull or push 
a boat, laf t, etc. 

Boat'8Wal]l(b5f sw&n ; eolloq. bS's'n), n. An offi- 
cer in charge of a ship's boats, sails, rigging, etc. 

Bob (b8b), n. Any thing that plays loosely, as 
1^ the end of a spring ; a short, jerking action ; 
a plummet; a peal of bells.— v. t. [Bobskd 
(bSbd) ; BoBBiNO.] To move in a jerking man- 
ner ; to strike witn a quick, light blow ; to cut 
short (the hair, etc.). — v. i. To have a jerking 
motion ; to angle with a bob, or with a jerking 
motion of the bait. 

BoVbln (bSb^bTn), n. A small pin, on which 
thread is wound ; a spooL 

Bob'bln-er (bSb^bT-nSf), n. A kind of lace. 

BoVo-llBk (bSb'ft-lTnk), Bob-lln'OOln (bSb-lIn'- 
kQn), n. An American singing-bird ; the rice- 
bird ; the reedbird. 

BoVstays' (bSystSz^), n. pi. Ropes or chains 
holding a ship's bowsprit downwara to the stem. 

BoVtall' (bSb'talO, n. A tail cut short. 

BoVwllite' (bSb'hwit^), n. The Ame.*can quail ; 
— named from his note. 

Bock'lllg (bSk'Ing), n. A kind of baize or drug- 

Bode (b5d), V. /. & i. To presage; foreshow; 
auffur. — Bod'ina (bSdTng), n. An omen. 

Bod'Ioe (bSdls), Bod'dioe, n. Stays ; a corset. 

Bod'l-less, Bod'l-ly. See under Boot, n. 

Bodldn (b^d'kln), n. A stiletto ; an implement 
to pierce holes, draw tape through hems, etc. 

Bod^ (bSd'^), n. The material substance or prin- 
cijMil part, as of an animaJ, tree, army, country, 
etc. ; a person ; a collective mass ; a corpora- 
tion; a svstem; consistency; thickness.— v. /. 
[Bodied (-Td) ; Bodyino.] To give shape, form, 
or consistency to ; to embody. — Bod'l-ly (-t-iy ), 
a. Relating to, or having, a body ; corporeal. — 
adv. Corporeally ; completely. — Bod'l-less, a. 
Having no body; incorporesJ. — Bod'y-guard' 
(-gSrdOi n. A guard to protect the person ; life- 
guard ; retinue. 

Bog (b5g), n. A quagmire ; a fen ; a marsh ; a 
morass, ^v. t. To whelm or plunge, as in mud 
and mire. — Bog'gy (-g^ ), a. Swampy. 

Bo'gey (bS'gj^), Bo'gy, Bo'gle (bS'g'i), n. A 

hobgoblin; a bugbear; a specter. 

Bog'gle (bSff'g'l), V. i. & t. [BoooLKD (-g'ld) ; 
Booolino (-glTng).] To doubt ; to hesitate ; to 
bungle. — Bog'gler, n. 

Bo^gua (bo'gtLs), a. Spurious ; sham. 

Bo-noa' (bi-he'), n. An inferior black tea. 

Bo-ba'nil-an (bo - he ' mT - an), a. Pertaining to 
Bohemia, its inhabitants, the gypsies, or to hack 
writers for the press ; vagabond ; free and easy. 
"— n. A native of Bohemia; the language of 
Bohemia ; a gypsy ; one who lives by his wits. 

Boil (boil), V. i. [BoiLKD (boild) ; Boilino.] To 
bubble from heat ; to effervesce ; to be violently 
Imitated.— v. t. To cause to boil ; to form by 
boiling. ^ n. Act or state of boiling. — Boil'or, 
n. One who boils ; a vessel in which things are 
boiled or steam is generated. 

Boll (boQ), n. A hard, inflamed tumor, coiitain> 

BoUter-OllS (bois'tSr-fis), a. Violent; noisy; 
stormy. — Boia^er-OlUhly, adv. 

Bold (b51d), a. Courageous; brave; fearless; 
audacious ; confident ; forward ; impudent. — ' 
Bolday, adv. — Bold'noss, n. 

Bole (bQl), n. The stem of a tree. 

Bole (bol), n. A measure. See Boll, a measure. 

Bole (bol), n. Friable, earthy clay ; a bolus. 

BoU (bol), n. A pod or capsule of a plant ; a peri- 
carp ; a Scottish dry measure, from 2 to 6 bush- 
els.— v. i. [BoLLBO (bSld) ; Bollxno.] Toiorm 
into a pericarp or seed vessel. 

Bol'ater (bol'ster), n. A long cushion, pad, bag, 
or support, —v. t. [Bolstbbed (-stSrd) ; B<^ 
8TKBINO.] To support ; to hold up. 

Bolt (bSlt), n. An arrow ; a dart ; lightning ; an 
iron pin for fastening ; a package of 
cloth, etc. ; a sudden spring or night. 
—V. /. To shoot; to utter hastily; 
to swallow (food) without chewing; 
to start aside from ; to fasten with a 
bolt ; to restrain. — v. i. To dart 
out ; to run away. — adv. Suddenly ; 
straight. — Bolt'er, n. 

Bolt (bSlt), v. t. To sift ; to separate ; 
to assort ; to purify. — n. A sieve. 

Bolus (bo'lils), n. A rounded mass of 
any thing ; a large pill ; a dose. Bolt. 

Bomb (b9m or bilm), n. An iron shell, 
filled with explosives, to be discharged from a 
mortar. — Bom-baid' (b5m-bard' or blbn-), v. t. 
To attack with bombe. — Bom'bar-dier' (-bSr- 
dSr'), n. An artilleryman. — Bom-bard'ment 
(-bSrd'ment), n. An attack with bombs. 

Bomnbast (bSm'bAst or bQm'-), n. High-sounding 
language; fustian. — Bomliast, Bom-battlo 
(-bas'tik), a. Characterized by bombast ; in* 
flated. — Bom-ba8tlc-al-ly, adv. 

BomlM-vlne' (b9m ' b4 - zen' or biSm'-), BomOMl- 
Slne', n. A silk and woolen twilled dress ma- 

BomValiell (bSm'shSl or bttm'-), n. A bomb. 

Bo-nan'za (b6-nSn'z&), n. A rich vein of gold 
or silver in mining ; a source of wealth. 

llBon'bon' (bdN'bdNOi n. Sugar confectionery; 
a sugarplum. 

Bond (bond), n. That which binds ; a cord ; a 
chain ; a band ; a ligament ; an obligation im- 
posing a moral duty; a written obligation to 
pay money, —v. t. To secure by a bond ; to 
mortgage.— a. Captive; bound; in servitude. 
— Bend'age (-tj), n. State of being bound, or 
under restraint ; captivity ; servitude ; impria- 
onment. — Bondlnaid, n. A female slave. — 
Bond'man, n. A man slave. —Bond servant 
A slave. — Bond service. Slavery. — Bonds'- 
man (bSndz 'man), n. A slave ; a bondman ; a 
surety ; one who gives security for another. — 
Bond^lirom'an, n. A woman slave. 

Bone (bon), n. The solid frame of an animal, or 
a piece thereof ; a thing made of bone. ^ v. t, 
[£k>NED (bond); Bonino.] To deprive of the 
bones ; to put whalebone into ; to fertilize 
(land) with bone. 

Bcniflre^ (bSn'flr^), n. A fire made to express 
public joy, or for amusement. 

llBon'moV (bdN'mo^), n. A witty repai'tee ; a jesL 

llBonne (bOn), n. A child's nurse. 

Bon'net (b5n'n6t), n. A covering for the head. 

iBnii no0Bfe, 6rb, rude, f ^^ tan, f dbd, f dbt, out, oil, cluir, so, aiiiB, iQk, theoi tblii* 




Bon'ter (bSn'ny), a. Handsome ; merry ; blithe. 

Bon'liy-oUVber (bSn'o^kliiybSr), n. Curdled 

DBon' ton' (bdN' tdiiO< The height of the fashion ; 
fashionable society. 

B</niUI (bS'nfis), n. A premium given for a loan 
or other pri'nlege ; an extra dividend ; a pay- 
ment in addition to a stated compensation. 

llBon' yVYtaV (bdN' ypyHa'). A good fellow; 
a jovial companion. 

Bonry (bS'nj^), a. Consisting of, or full of, bones ; 
having large or prominent bones ; lean. 

BOf/by (bS&'bj^), n. A dunce ; a stupid fellow ; a 
swimming biiti of the West Indies ; a kind of 

Boo'dle (bS?/d1), n. The whole coUeotion or lot ; 
bribe money. 

Book (bd6k), n. A volume ; a literary o<nnposi- 
tion ; a register of accounts, —v. /. [Booxsd 
(bd6kt) ; BooKXHO.] To enter or register in a 
book. — BOOk'lalli a. Oiven to reading; stu- 
dious ; pedantic. — BookHMnd'er (-bind ' 8r), n. 
One who binds books. — BookldlUl'or-y (-Sr-j^), 
n. A place for binding books. — Book'oaBO' 
(-kSs'), n. A case with shelves for holding books. 
— Book'koOP'er (-kSp^), n. One who keeps 
accounts.— Book^eQP^lng,n Art of record- 
ing mercantile transactions and keeping ac- 
counts. — Book^mak'or (-mak^Sr), n. One who 
writes and publishes books ; a betting man, who 
** makes a book,*' recording winnings uid losses. 

— Book miulln. Fine muslin for the covers 
of books, also a kind for ladies* dresses. — 
Book'sell'er (-sSl^r), n. One who sells books. 

— Book^worm' (-wQrmO, »• A larva which 
eats books ; a close student. 

Boom (boom), n. A spar extendins the bottom of 
sails ; a bar across a river or harbor. 

Boom (boom), V. i. [Boombd (boomd) ; Boomxno.] 
To cry or roar with a hollow sound ; to rush vi- 
olently, as a ship under full sail ; to grow rapidly 
in value or popularity. — n. A hollow roar ; a 
strong advance. 

Boom'er-anft (boom^r-ang), n. A missile weapon 
of Australia. 

Boon (b5on), n. A gift; a grant; apresent.— a. 
Oay ; jovial ; kind; bountifuL 

Boor (bSor), n. A peasant ; a Dutch colonist in 
South Africa ; a rude and illiterate person. — 
'Boox'lsll, a. Clownish ; rustic ; unmannerly. — 
Booi'lsk-Iy, adv. — Booi'lsk-noss, n. 

Boose (bSdz), V. i. Bee Boozx. 

Boost (boost), V. i. To lift ; to push up. 

Boot (bSot), n. Remedy; amends; something 
given to equalize an exchange, —v. /. To ad- 
vantage ; to profit. — Bootless, a. Useless. 

Boot (b^t), n. A covering for the foot and leg ; 
a receptacle for baggage on a coach ; an apron 
or cover for a carriage. — v. t. To put boots on ; 
to kick. — Boot-ee' (boo-tS'), n. A short boot. 

Booth (b55tfa), n. A temporary shelter ; a stall 
in a fair. 

Boofjaok' (bSot'jSkOt "f^' An instrument for draw- 
ing off boots. 

Bootless (booflfis), a. See under Boot, remedy. 

Boot'y (boof y), n. Pillage ; plunder. 

Booze (bSoz), V. i. To drink excesfdvely ; to tip- 
ple. — n. A carouse. — Booz'y (boo^z^), a. 
Fuddled ; stupid with drink. 

Bo'raz (bS'rfiks), n. A salt of soda, used as a flux 
in soldering metals, as a soap, etc. — Bo-rao'lO 

(bft-rSsTk), a. Pertaining to, produced from, 
or containing borax. 

Bov'dor (bdr'der), n. The outer part or edge of anv- 
thing ; boundary. — v. i. [Bordkbxd (-dSrd) ; 
BoBDERiKG.] To touch at the edge ; to adjoin ; 
to come near to. — v. t. To make a border for ; 
to touch at the edge. — Bor'der-or, n. One who 
dwells on a border. 

Bore (b5r}, V. t. & i. [BoRKD (b5rd) ; Borxko.] To 
makea nole in ; to perforate ; to weary ; to tire. 
— n. A hole made by boring ; caliber ; a tire- 
some person or affair. 

Bore (bSr), n. A tidal wave or flood. 

Bo're-al (bS'rt-al), a. Northern ; pertaining to 
the north, or to BoreaSf the north wind. 

Bor^onck (bSr'^), n. An incorporated town that 
is not a city. 

Bor'Tow (bSr'rft), v. t. [Bobbowbd (-rOd) ; BoB- 
Bownra.l To take from another as a loan ; to 
appropriate. — Borfrow-er, n. 

Bom (bosh), n. Mere show ; empty talk ; folly. 

Boi'om (bd6z'fim), n. The breast; the heart; 
an embrace. — a. Pertaining to the boaom ; in- 
timate ; trusted. —v. t. To cheridi. 

Boss (bSs), n. A stud ; a knob; raised work. » 
V. t. To ornament with bosses. — Boss'y (-j^), a. 

Boss (b5s), n. A master workman; a superin- 
tendent; a political manager. — v. t. & i, 
[BossKO 'bOst) ; Boesiso.] To direct ; to su- 
perintend ; to dictate. 

Bot'a-ny (b5f4-nj^), n. Science of plants. ~ 
Bo^tanlo (b«-tSnmc), Bo-tanlo-al (-T-kal), a. 
Pertaining to, or containing, plants. — Bo-Um'- 
lo-al-ly, adv. — Bof a-nlst (b5t'4-nTst), n. One 
skilled in botany. — Bot'a-niZO (-niz), v. i. To 
study plants. 

Botok (boch), n. A sweUing ; a pustule ; a patch 
on a garment ; work done clumsily. — v, U 
[BoTCHXO (bScht) ; Botchiho.] To mend clum- 
sily ; to spoil ; to mar. — Botok'or, n. — Botok'- 
er-y (-Sr^), n. Slovenly workmanship. 

Bot'fly' (bof fliOi n. An insect troublesome to do- 
mestic animals. 

Both (bSth), a. & pron. The one and the other ; 
the two. '— conj. As well ; not only ; equally. 

Botk'er (bStfa'Sr), V. t. To annoy ; to trouble ; to 
perplex, —v. i. To feel care ; to worry ; to be 
troublesome. — n. Annoyance ; worry. — Botk'- 
er-a'tton (-I'shlin), n. Vexation. 

Bots (bSts), BottS, n. pi. Small worms, larvae of 
the botfly, infesting the throat, stomach, and 
intestines of ^orses. 

Bottle (bSttU), n. A narrow-mouthed vessel for 
liquids ; the contents of a bottle. — v. t. [Box- 
TLBD (-t'ld) ; BoTTUNoJ To put in bottles. 

Bottom (bSt'tfim), n. The lowest part of any 
thing ; the foundation ; the base ; a valley ; the 
keel of a vessel ; the vessel itself ; endurance ; 
stamina.— v. t. [Bottomkd (-tfimd) ; Bottom- 
nro.] To found or build ; to furnish with a 
seat or bottom. — v. i. To be based. — a. Fun- 
damental ; lowest ; under. — Bottom-IOSS, a. 
Without a bottom ; fathomless. 

llBon'doil' (booMwdr^), n. A lady*s private 

llBonffe (bo5f), n. Comic opera. 

Bongk (bou), n. An arm or large branch of a 

llBon-gle' (b5o-zhS'), n. A wax candle ; a sur* 
gioil instrument. 

S, 8, 1,5, a, long; ft, g, 1, 5, tt, f , short ; senate, ^vant, idea, Obey, tinite, cftge, ttrm, Ask, §11, flwgl^ 




RBoil'lllflB.' (bSS'ydxr' or hSbV-), n. Broth ; Mnp. 

Bovl'dAr, n. See Bowloxr. 

nBonOe-vaxd' (bSo ' \Z-v\irf or .I«.y8rd0, «• Orig- 
inally, a bvdwark ; now, a broad avenue in a city. 

flBonlA'Ysno'mentf (bCoFvfin'maxr'), n. Com- 
plete overtiirow ; diaorder. 

Bonnoe (bouna), v. i. [BouN0BD(boim8t) ; Boun- 
ciNO.] To leap or spring suddenly. — v. t. To 
drive ai^unst anytmng suddenly ; to eject vio- 
lently. — n. A sudden leap ; a sudden blow or 
thump ; a bold lie. — Bonn'oor (boun'sSr), n. 
One who bounces ; a bold Ue ; a liar ; something 
big. — Bonn'olngi a. Stout ; lusty. 

Bound (bound), n. External or limiting line ; a 
limit ; extent ; boundary. -^ v. t. To limit ; to 
end ; to terminate ; to name the boundaries of. 
— BoVBd^SS, a. Without bounds or limits; 
hofinite. — Boimd'a-ry (-A-xj^), n. A limit ; a 
separating line ; a barrier; verge. 

Bound (bound), v. i. To move with a leap or 
spring; to jump ; to rebound, as a ball. — n, A 
jump : a spring. 

Bonnd (bound), imp, &p*p.ol Bind. Made fast 
by binding ; ccmfined. — sonnd'on (bound' 'n), 
a. Obligatory; binding. 

Bonnd, a. Destined; tending; going. 

Bonnd'ft-r7, n. See under Bound, a limit. 

Bonn'ty (bountj^), n. Goodness; generosity; 
munificence ; a premium (to promote manufac- 
tures, induce enlistments, ete. ). — BonntO-ons 
(-t^-fis), a. Disposed to give freely ; generous. 
— Bonnto-ons-Iy, adv. — Bonnte-ons-ness, n. 
— Bonn'ti-fnl (-tT-fyl), a. Free in giving. — 
Bonntl-fnI-ly, adv. — Bonnti-fnl-noss, n. 

Bon-qnot' (boo-kS'), n. A nosesay ; a bunch of 
flowers; perfume; aromatic odor. 

BourHMm (bSSr'bttn), n. One of a royal family hi 
several European countries ; a kind of Amer- 
ican whisky ; a politician behind the age ; an 
obstinate conservative. 

Bonr-COOia^ (bOr-jois'), n. A kind of type, hi 
size between long pnmer and brevier. 

(I^^ This line is in bourgeois type. 

OBonr-gOOia' (bS&r-zhwfiO, n. A Frenchman of 
middlB rank in society ; one of the shopkeeping 
class. — iiBonr-reol-ua' (bo5r-zhw&-ze'), n. 
The French middle class. 

Bonr'geon (bdr'jfin), v. «. To put forth buds; 
to branch. 

Bonm, Bonme (bSm), n. A stream ; a rivulet ; 
a burn. 

Bonm, Bonxno (b5m or boom), n. A bound ; a 
limit; a goal. 

llBonrse (boors), n. A French exchange. 

Bont (bout), n. A conflict ; a contest ; an essay. 

Bo'Yine (bo'vin), a. Pertaining to cattle of the 
ox kind. 

Bow (bou), V, U & i. [BowKD (bond) ; Bowino.] 
To bend down ; to incline.— n. An inclination 
of the head, in respect or recognition. 

Bow (bou), n. The rounded part of a ship for- 
ward ; the stem ; the prow ; one who rows a 
forward (or bow) oar in a boat. 

Bow (b5), n. Anything bent, or in the forfn of a 
curve ; a weapon, of elastic wood, eto., for pro- 

SsUinff arrows ; a looped knot ; a fiddlestick. — 
OW'knot' (bo'nSt^), n. A knot formed with 
a loop or bow, readily untied. — Bow^-logged' 
(-18gd'), a. Having crooked legs, the knees bent 
outward. — Bow'man (-man), n. An archer. — 

Bow^iliot' (-ah}^)* n. Distanoe trsv e w e d hgr 
an arrow shot from a bow. — Bow'atxlnc' 
(-strTng^), n. The string of a bow ; a string used 
by Turks to strangle crindnals.— v. t, TBow- 
STRiNOBD (-strlngGK) or BowsTauNO (-strung^) ; 
BowsTBiNoroo.] To strangle. — BoWHTOr (-yer), 
n. An archer ; one who makes or sous bows. 

Bow'ol (bou'Sl), n. One of the intestines ; an en* 
trail; a gut.— v. t. [Bowslxd or Bowsllbd 
(-l^d) ; Bowelhto or Bowklliho.] To take out 
the bowels of ; to eviscerate. 

Bowser (bou'Sr), n. One who bows or bends ; an 
anchor carried at the bow of a ship. 

Bow'or (Ixm'Sr), n. One of the two highest 
cards in the gune of euchre. 

Bowser (bou'Sr), n. Anciently, a chamber or bed- 
foom ; a cottage ; a shelter in a garden ; an 
arbor. — V. L To embower; to inclose. — a. 
Covering as a bower ; containing bowers ; shady. 

Bowl (bSl), n. A concave vessel to hold liquors, 
or ite contents. 

Bowl (bol}, n. A ball for rolling on a level sur- 
face ; pt. a game thus played, —v. t. [Bowlbd 
(bSld) ; BowLiNO.1 To roll (a bowl) ; to pelt 
with anything rolled. — v. i. To play with 
bowls ; to move rapidly and smoothly. 

Bowl'der, Bonl'dor (bSl'dSr), n. A large pebble ; 
a mass of rock transported by natural agencies 
from its native bed. 

Bowllno (b^^>^)f ^' ^ 'oP® to ^^^^ * "'^ to 
the wind. 

Bowl'lng (bSlTng), n. A playing at bowls, or 
roIUng the ball at cricket ; the game ot ten- 
pins. — Bowling alloy. A covered place for 
playing at bowls or tenpins. — BowUng groon. 
A levelpiece of ground kept smooth f orbowling. 

Bow 'ap ilt (bS'spnt), n. A spar, projecting over 
the rtem of a vessel, to carry sail forward. 

Box (bSks), n. A case or receptacle ; the quantity 
thi^ a box contains ; an inclosed space with seats 
in a ttieater ; a small house ; the driver's seat on 
a coach ; a tubular bearing for an axle in ma- 
chinery. —V. /. [Boxed (b^t) ; Boxing.] To 
inclose in a box ; to incase. — Boz'ing, n. Pack- 
ing in boxes ; material for making boxes. 

Box (bSks), n. A tree, having hard, smooth wood, 
used for engraving, tools, ete. ; a shrub, used for 
borders m gardens. — Boz'wood' (-wd6d0, n. 
Wood of the box (tree). 

Box (bSks), n. A blow on the head or ear with 
the hand. —.v. L & i. [Boxed (bSkst) ; Boz- 
ZNO.] To strike or fight with the fist. — Boz'er, 
n. A pugilist.— Boz'lng, n. Fighting with 
fists; sparring. 

Boy (boi^, n. A male child ; a lad ; a son. — Boy'- 
nood (boi'hd6d), n. State or period of being a 
boy. — Boy'lall, n. Like a boy; childish; puer- 
ile. — Boy'lah-ly, adv. 

Boy'COtt' (boi'kSt'), V. t. To combine against (a 
landlord, tradesman, employer, ete.).— n. So- 
cial and business coercion. 

BraVble (brSb'b'l), v. i. To clamor. — n. A 
wrangle ; a noisy contest. 

Braoe (bras),n. A prop ; a support ; a dasp ; a 
otrut ; tension ; a bandage ; in printing, a curved 
line connecting two or more words or lines, 

thus, I f^^f I ; a pair ; couple ; a curved handle 

to rotate a boring tool. — v. t. [Braced (brast) ; 
Bracino.] To furnish with braces ; to prop ; to 
tighten ; to secure. 

fMrtif recenty drb, r^de, fyll, iim, food, f<^t, out, oil, cbair, (o, sins, il|h* then, tltbi. 




BnUielat (biSanSt), n. An ornament clasping 
the wrist. 

BrtOb'i-al (brSkl-al or bralcT-), a. Belonging to 
the arm. 

Brt-c]l7g^-pll7(br4-kTg'r&-f3^), n. Stenography. 

Braok'en (brSk'^'n), n. Fern. 

Braok'dt (brSk'fit), n. A projection from a wall 
or column to support weight ; in printing, one 
of two characters [ ], used to inclose a refer- 
ence, note, etc. ; — called also crotchets.'— v. t. 
[Bbacxbtxd; Brackxtino.] To place within, 
connect with, or support by, brackets. 

Braoklsll (brSkTsh), a. Saltish ; salt. 

Braot (brSkt), n. A small leaf or scale, from 
which a flower proceeds. 

Brad (brfid), n. A thin nail, with small head. — 
Bnd awL An awl to make holes for inserting 
brads, etc 

Brag (bri^), V, i. [Braoobd (brSgd) ; Bbaooino.] 
To praise one's self ; to swagger ; to boast ; to 
bluster; to vaunt. — n. A boast; a game at 
cards. — a. Boastful; pretentious. — Brag'- 
ger, n. — Brag'gart (-gSrt), n. A boaster; a 
vain fellow. — a. Boastful ; ostentatious. 

Brall'ma (brS^mi), n. The first person in the 
trinity of the Hindoos. — Brah'&iaB (-man), 
Bxall'mlB (-mTn), n. A Hindoo of the highest 
or sacerdotal caste. — Brall'man-lsm (-Tz'm), 
Brall'mlB-iBin, n. The religion of the Brah- 

Braid (brad), v. /. To weave or entwine (several 
strands into one) ; to plait. ^ n. A band of in- 
tertwined strands. 

Brain (bz«n), n. The soft mass within the skull 
which is the seat of sensation and perception ; 
the understanding. — v. t. [Bbainkd (brand) ; 
BRAiNnTO.] To dash out the brains of; to de- 
stroy. — Brainless (-ISs), a. Without under- 
standing; silly. —Brainpan' (-p^^)» ». The 
bones which inclose the brain ; the skull ; the 

Brake (brSk), n. A fem ; a thicket. — Brak'y 
(brak'j^), a. Full of brakes or brambles ; 

Brake (brak), n. An instrument to break flax or 
hemp ; the handle by which a pump is worked ; 
a harrow ; a drag ; a contrivance for stopping 
wheels, etc., by friction. —Brakesman, n. One 
in charge of brakes on railroad trains, etc 

Bramllle (brSm'bl), n. A prickly shrub. 

Bralnin (bra'mTn), n. See under Bbahma. 

Bran (brSn), n. The outer coats of grain sepa- 
rated from the flour ; husk. 

Branck (br&nch), n. A limb ; a bough ; a shoot ; 
a division ; a department, ^a. Diverging from 
or tributary to (a main stock, fine, way, ete.). ^ 
v. t. & i. [Bbanchkd (brincht) ; Branching.] 
To divide ; to ramify. — Branck'ing, Branch'^ 
(-y), a. Furnished Mrith, or full of, branches. — 
Brancklet. n. A twig. 

Bran'Cki-al (brSn'kT-al), a. Pertaining to, or 
performed by means of, gills, as of fishes. 

Brand (brSnd), n. A burning or burnt piece of 
wood ; a thunderbolt ; a sword ; an iron instru- 
ment used for burning a mark (upon a cask, 
horse, criminal, etc.); a stigma; a disgrace; a 
quality ; a kind. —v. t. To bum or mark with 
a brand ; to stigmatize. 

Bran'disk (biftn'dTsh), V. t. [Brandishbd (brSn'- 
dTsht) ; Brandisuino.] To wave (a weapon) ; to 
shake ; to flourish. — n. A flourish. 

Bnnd'-nvw' (brSnd'nu')* a. Quite new, as If 
fresh from the forge. 

Bran'dy (brSn'dj^), n. Ardent spirit distilled 
from wine, cider, fruit, etc. — Bran'died (-did), 
a. Mixed, flavored, or treated with brandy. 

Bran'gle (brSn'gU), n. A brawl; a squabble.— 
V. i. To wrangle ; to dispute. 

Brant (brSnt), n. A kind of wild goose ; — called 
also brand goose and brent. 

Braak (brSsh), a. Hasty in temper; brittle.— 
n. A rash or eruption ; refuse boughs of trees; 
truck ; fragments of ice. 

Bra'Sier (brS'zhSr), Bra'zier, n. One who works 
in brass ; a pan for holding coals. 

Brass (br&s), n. A yellow alloy of copper and 
zinc; impudence. — Braze (braz), v. t. To 
cover or solder with brass. — Brass'y (br&s^), 
Bra'ien (brl'z'n), a. Pertaining to, or made 
of, brass ; harsh ; loud ; impudent. — Brass'i- 
ness, Bra'zen-noss, n. 

Brat (brftt), n. A child ; — in contempt. 

Bra-ya'do (br&-va'di), n. ; pi. Bravadoks (-dftz). 
An arrogant menace ; a boast ; a brag. 

Braye (brSv), a. Courageous; bold; fearless; 
high-spirited.— n. A brave person ; an Indian 
warrior.— V. t. [Bravsd (bravd) ; Bbavino.] 
To encounter courageously ; to set at defiance ; 
to dare.— Brayoly, arfv. — Bray'er-y (-8r-y), 
n. Courage ; showy appearance ; ostentation. 

Bra'yo (bra'vd), n. ; pi. Bravoks (-v&z). A dar- 
ing villain ; a bandit ; an assassin. 

Bra^O (br&'vft), interj. Well done ! — expressive 
of applause. 

Brawl (brf^), V, i. [Brawled (bi^d) ; Brawl- 
iNO.] To quarrel noisily ; to roar, as water, ^n. 
A noisy quarrel ; a contention. — Brawl'er, n. 

Brawn (brf^), n. Full, strong muscles ; strength ; 
the flesh of a boar. — Brawn'y, a. Having 
strong muscles ; muscular ; bulky. 

Braz'y (brSks'j^), n. A disease of sheep; the 
animal so diseased, or its mutton. 

Bray (bra}, v. t. [Bratbd (brad); Bratxho.] 
To pound, rub, or gnxA to powder. — Bray'er, 
n. A tool for pounding, etc. 

Bray (bra), v, i. To utter a harsh, gifting noise, 
^n. The cry of an ass ; any discordant sound. 

Braze, Brazen, etc. See under Brass. 

Breack (brech), n. A break ; a gap ; an Infrac- 
tion ; a quarrel ; a difference ; a misunder- 
standing. ^ V. t. [Brbachrd (brecht) ; Brbach- 
iNoJ To make a breach in walls by artillery. 
— Breack'y (-j^), a. Apt to break fences ; — 
applied to unruly cattle. 

Bread (brSd), n. Food made of flour or meal ; 
provisions in general. — Bread'fmit' (brSd'- 
fr})t'), n. A Pacific idand tree, whose bark is 
made into cloth, and whose fruit, when baked, 
resembles bread, and is eaten as f ood< — Bread'- 
StdU' (-stfif^), n. Com; meal; flour. 

Breadtk (brSdth), n. Broadness ; distance from 
side to side ; width. 

Break (brSk), v. t. [imp. Brokb (brok), {Obs. 
Brakk) ; p. p. Broken (brS^'n), {Obs. Brokk) ; 
p. pr. Brkakino.] To part or open by force ; to 
rend ; to crush ; to destroy ; to tame ; to make 
bankrupt; to remove from office. ^ v. i. To 
part asunder ; to appear ; to dawn ; to burst ; to 
become bankrupt ; to change suddenly ; to fall 
out ; to terminate friendship. — n. An open- 
ing; a breach; a pause; failure. — Break'W, 
n. One who, or that which, breaks; a wave 

ft,S,I,5,11,long; &, fi,I,ft,il, j^,8hort; senAte, dvent, tdea, 6bey, tliiite,c4n, firm, Ask, ||U, flnolt 




breaking into foam against the beach, a rock, 
etc. ; a machine for breaking rocks ; a small 
water cask. — Braak'a-ble (brak'&-b'l), a. Gap- 
able of being broken. — Break'agd (-aj), n. A 
breaking ; allowance for things broken in trans- 

BrealE'dOWn' (brSkMoun'), n. A breaking down ; 
downfall ; a noisy dance. 

Breakfast (brSk'fast), n. The first meal in the 
day. ^v.i. To eat the morning meaL— v. /. 
To famish with breakfast. 

Break'lieok' (brak'nSk^), n. A steep place, en- 
dangering the neck. —a. Headlong ; rapid. 

Break'np' (brak'iip'),n. Disruption ; separation ; 

Break'wa'tor (brSk'wA'tSr), n. A structure to 
break the force of waves. 

Bream (brSm), n. A food fish of fresh and salt 


Bream (brem), v, t. [Bbsajded (bremd) ; Bbsam- 
XNO.l To clean (a ship's bottom). 

Breast (br6st\n. The upper fore part of the 
body ; the cnest *, a teat ; the seat of the affec- 
tions ; the heart. — v. t. To meet ; to oppose 
manfully. — Breast'bOlie' (-bSn')« n. The bone 
of the breast; the sternum. — Breast 'pln^ 
(-pTn^), n. A pin worn on the breast, as an orna- 
ment or a fastening ; a brooch. — ^east'^late' 
(-plafc^), a. Armor for the breast. — Breast'- 
WOrk' (-wfirk^), n. A low parapet for defence. 

Breatk (br6th), n. Air respired ; life ; breeze ; 
an instant. — Breatkless (-16s), a. Out of 
breath ; dead. 

Breatke (breth), v. i. [Bsbathbd (bretfad); 
Breathino.] To respire; to live; to take 
breath ; to rest ; to exhale ; to emanate. — v. t. 
To respire ; to exhale ; to put out of breath ; to 
suffer to take breath or to rest. — Breatk'a-ble, 
a. Capable of being breathed; respirable. — 
Breatk'lllg, n. Respiration ; aspiration ; pause. 

Breathless, a. See under Brkath. 

llBrec/Ola (brSt'chi), n. Rock composed of an- 
gular fragments, united by cement. 

Bred (brSd), imp. &p. p. of Brbbd. 

Breeck (brech or brich % n. The lower part of 
the body behind ; the hinder part of anything, 
esp. of a firearm, behind the chamber. —v. t. 
[Brbbchxd (brecht or brTcht) ; Brkbchiko.] To 
furnish with breeches or a breech. — Breeok'es 
(brTch'Sz), n. pi. A earment worn by men, 
covering the hips and thighs. — Breeck'lng 
(brTch'fng), n. That part of a harness around 
the breech of a horse ; a rope preventing a can- 
non from recoiling too much. — Breeckload'er 
(-ISd'er), n. A firearm loaded at the breech. — 
Breeck'-load'ina, a. Receiving the charge at 
the breech instead of the muzzle. 

Breed (bred), V, t. [Bred (brSd); Brxbdino.! 
To generate ; to beget ; to hatch ; to nurse and 
foster ; to instruct ; to occasion ; to produce ; 

to give Irirth to. —v. i. To bear and nooriah 
young. — n. A race or progeny from the same 
stock ; progeny ; offspring. — Breed'er, n. — 

Breed'thg, n. 
tion ; nurture : 

Formation of 

manners; educa^ 

Breeze (brez), Breezelly' (-fllO* n. A fiy which 
buzzes about animals, tormenting them by suck- 
ing their blood. 

Breeze (brez), n. Refuse left in makii^ coke, 
charcoal, bricks, etc. 

Breeze (brez), n. A light wind ; a gentle gale. — 
Breez'y (-^), a. Fanned with gentle breezes. 

Brent (brent), n. See Bbant. 

Bretk'ren (brSth'rSn), n.,pl. of Bbothsb. 

Brett (br6t), n. A britzska. 

Breye (brev), n. A musical note, equal to four 
minims. 11^911 

Bre-vet' (br€-v8f ), n. A commission giving -^Z^ 
an officer higher rank than that for which ■™*"'^ 
he is paid ; honorary promotion.— v. t. To con- 
fer title upon by brevet. 

Bre'Vl-a-ry (bre'vl-ft-rj^), n. A book oontaming 
the Roman Catholic or Greek church service ; 
an abridgment ; an epitome. 

Bre-vler' (br$-vSr'), n. Small printing type in 
size between bou^eois and minion. 
ISS^ This line is printed in brevier type. 

Brey'l-ty (brSv'T-tj^), n. Shortness ; conciseness. 

Brew (bru), V. t. [Bbewkd (brnd) ; Brewing.] 
To mingle ; to contrive, —v. t. To make beer ; 
to be in state of preparation, -^n. Mixture 
formed by brewing. — Brew'er, n. — Brew^- 
er-7 (-Sr-y), Brew nouse, n. A place where beer 
is brewed. — Brew^ln|[, n. A preparing (beer, 
ale, etc.) ; the quantity brewed at once ; the 
gathering of a storm. 

Bribe (brib), n. A gift to corrupt the conduct of 
the receiver. -^ v. t. & i, X^kibsd (bribd) ; 
Bribino.] To corrupt or accomplish by gifts. 
— BrlVer, n. — BrlVer-y (-5r-y), n. A bribing. 

BriO'-a-brao' (brTk'&-brSk'), n. CfoUected curios- 
ities and works of art. 

Brick (brik), n. A block of burned clay ; bricks, 
collectively ; a good fellow. — v. t. [Brickbd 
(brlkt) ; BRiCKiNa.1 To lay, pave, or construct 
with bricks. — BriOJE'bat^ n. A fragment of a 
brick. — Brick-kiln' (-I^YIO, n, A kiln, in which 
bricks are baked or burnt. — Brioklay'W, n. 
One who builds with bricks. — Bricklay'ing, n. 
Art of building with bricks. — Brick'work' 
(-wfirk'), n. A structure of bricks ; the art of 
laying bricks. 

Bride (brid), n. A woman newly married, or 
about to be married. — Brld'al (bri'dal), a. 
Pertaining to a bride or a wedding; nuptial. — 
n. A wedding; a marriage. — Klde-aroom' 
(-grCdm^), n. A man newly married or about to 
be married. — Brides'mald' (bridz'madOt n. 
An unmarried female friend who attends a bride 
at her wedding. 

Brlde-well (brid'wfil), n. A house of correction. 

Bridge (brTj), n. A structure carrying a road 
over a river, chasm, railroad, etc. ; a support. 
•^v.t. [Brioobd (brijd) ; Bridoimo.] To form 
a bridge over. 

Brl'dle (bri'dU), n. An instrument to govern 
and restrain a horse; a curb; a check. —v. L 
Bridled (-d'ld) ; Bridlino (-dlTng).] To put a 
bridle on ; to restrain ; to control, —v. i. To 
hold up the head loftily. 

Brief (bref), a. Short; limited; sammary.— n. 

f Sm, recent, 6rb, rude, f^ Urn, f dbd, f «jbt, out, oU, oludr, go, eliis, i||k, tben, tUb 


in_.b«tfMtj-vBrt«n7 (bra's). 

BrfbrT'3r),8ll'U,n. AprlcklyplajitoTBhrub. 
Bil'n-y (-8r-J). a. Fill of biien ; lougli \ 

a^{^ig),n. AY<*«lwi0.twom«to,»,u»re- 

BH-llda' <bil- 
giJ'), B. A dt. 
flilon Dt tmopi. 

adv. — BrlsTuMi, ... _ 

& Iftwlea ffillfnr wbo 

Cri'i-dCi' JSii'. ' 
glide, Iq Tuik b«tw«ei 

'Itty. — Bilfimr, a*-- 

BrlfkfBD (brlt'o), v. C. 

. ^nd) ; BuDHTSHiva^J To 

IDftke or become bright. 

BllllUut IbrTl'yiTut). a. Spukling wltb 1uM«i ; 

■plendfd; shining. —n. A diuDoiid cut Into 

BUI ' lluit - It, ndc. — Bill ' lluit - n 

n (brTra), n. Rim; bordsr; od^ ; ._ ...... 

Full to tlie top; completely full. — Brim'mfr. 
n. A bowl full to the t^ — Bilm'mlnf, a. 

Brim'rtont (btfiu'ilBn), n. Bulphur. 
Brla'dad (brtn'dMJ, Brtn'dled (biTn'd'ld], n 
Btntked; ipotted.— Biin'dlo (-dlj.n. BtM* 

Bl1ll« (br!u), tL WatoT lnipngnal«d with nit | 

Bteeplng lb bfiue or iprlnkling with It. — 

Btla'T, <•- 3«Jt. 
dniw (bring), e. t. [Bioooel {brBt)i Bans. 

■BO.] TocouTejorMrryto; tofetch. 
Brtnl (brink), n. Edge, marglii. or border ol g 

rt»'tI»(brW8'l), n.° A si 

BuiTLraa'^IIng)-]' To''««"d^^t''Br 
— Blll'Uy (-aljf), a. Tbick let with b 

Btl*'^ \ 


Bilftih (brTtn:>h), K. Fotiinliiibiemt 

BllfOH (btfflln), a. BrlUib.— II. AniU 

anal Britain. 
Bllttl* (brit't'l), a. Eully broken; apt (obi 

fragile. — Brlf tla-DMi, n, 
Blltl'lkK (brli^i). n. A long cBrriige, 

Braioli (brScfal, n. A tapering tool ; a ep 
pin. — I'.l, [BBOioH»D(brBcblJi BiioiCB 

Bmi (britd), a. Widi 

— fcaillT. orfii. — Bi 

In breaath; 
— BiuA'aal 


a broad «ge, for bewlng limber. 
BKMd'oul (WlliM), B. Acuriii 

the tumd In uwliig. — a. Widelr. 
Bnad'olath (biRd^iNXfaJ, n. Fioa 

tween Ibe ralli ol _. 

ard " gauge ol 4 feet 81 inilMa. 
BCMa'tOy (bTRd'dd'), ». Tl» rid« of a ddp 

aboie the water Una ; a nlmiiHiieona dlachaiga 

ot all tha guni on one elds of a aUp ; a •nXUi] ; 

a large aheet of paper printed on ona ilda. 
Bnwl'iwnd' (brad'aiird'), a. A aword with 

a broad blade and acDtllugedge; aolaymoro. 
Bn^aaf (bri-kld'), 11. euk atull, variegnted 

with goW, dlTer, flowera, etc. — Bro-««4'»d 

(-ki'did), a. Woven or worked, ag brocade j 

dreeeed in brvcade. 
Bra'oila (briyktj), n, Brokenge, 
Bnw'OO-ll (brBk'kt-lT), n. A Und of obh^a 

Bnok (br«i\ n. A badger. 

BiD'BU (>>>vgln), n. A coane aboa. 

Bnffu (brZ^), n. A oompt dialec^ or pnmmk' 

-Bnk'm-hMifad (-hUrfBd}, a. 

Bn'mllW (brO'fflln or brtCmln), n. A chemical 

mil* {-mid BT -mid), n. A compound oonCaln- 

rtm'ahl-il°(brHn')iI-al), BrOD'Dlilo (-fclk), o. 

or air paaHBgea of the tungfl. — BnsL-oUtll 
(-ki'tli), n. Inflammation Dt the bmnchial 

■,«.i.«,ti,ioQgi ft,«,i,A,a,},it 

1 1 aenCta, Snat, »«, Obar , OjoUa, «*», Km, AA, in, flmd, 




firanze (brQiu or brSnz), n. A hard alloy of cop- 
per with tin, zinc, etc. ; the reddiah color of thu 
compound ; a statue, medal, etc., made of it. — 
V. L To redden or harden. 

Broocb (brSch), n. An ornament ; a breastpin. 

Brood (brood), n. The young birds hatched at 
one time; offspring; pn^eny.— a. Sitting on 
«gg^ ; Icept to breed from. — v. i. To sit on and 
coyer eggs or young ; to sit quietly or moodily ; 
to muse; to meditate. 

Brook (brb6k), n. A small stream of water. — 
Brooklet, n. A small brook. 

Brook (brd6k), V. t. [Bbookbo (brd6kt) ; Brook- 
ing.] To bear ; to put up with ; to tolerate. 

Broom (brSdm), n. A plant having many twigs ; 
a besom, or orush for sweeping floors, etc. — 
Broom'y {-f)i a. Consisting of, full of, or re- 
sembling, broom. — Broom oom. A species of 
Sorghum, or Ouinea corn, bearing a head of 
which brooms are made. — Broom'sUck' (-stTk'), 
n The handle of a broom. 

Broth (brSth), n. Liquor in which flesh, .etc., has 
been boiled ; thin soup. 

Broth'el (brStfa'Sl). n. A house of ill fame. 

Broth'er (briitfa'Sr), n. / pi, Bbothsbs (-irz) or 
Brbthbbn (brSth'rSn). A turn of the same pa- 
rents ; a near associate ; a companion. — BrotiL'- 
or-ly, a. Becoming brothers ; like a brother; 
affectionate. — Brotk'or-U-iiess, n. — Brotk'- 
or-kood (-hd6d), n. State of being a brother ; 
fraternity. — Brotk'er-ln-law^(-Tn-l{|'),n. The 
brother of one*8 husband or wife ; a sister's 

Brongk'am (broo'am or br55m), n, A light, close 

Brow (brou), n. The ridge over the eye, with 
the hair that covers it; the forehead; the eye- 
brow ; countenance ; the edge of a steep place. 

BrowHtoaV (brou'bet^), v. (. limp, Bbowbbat ; 
p. p. Bbowbbatxn (-bef'n) ; p. pr, Browbbat- 
iKo.] To bear down with sternness ; to bully. 

Brown (broun), a. Of a dark color between black 
and red or yellow, ^n. Color resulting from 
mixture of red, black, and yellow ; a tawny hue. 
— v. /. & i. [Bbownbd (bround) ; Bbownimo.] 
To make or become brown. — EOrowil'noas, n. 

— Brown'iBk, a. Somewhat brown. — Brown 
stont Porter, a strong malt liquor. — Brown 
Stndy. Reverie. 

Brownie (brouuT), n. A good-natured house- 
hold spirit. 

Browse (brouz), n. Tender branches of trees 
and shrubs ; green food for cattle, etc. — v. t. 
&i. To feed on branches ; to graze ; to pasture. 

Bm'in (brn'in), n. A bear. 

Bmlse (brnz), v. t. [Bruiskd (brjizd); Bbuis- 
INO.] To hurt with blows ; to crush ; to mash. 

— v. i. To box. — n. An injury to the flesh of 
animals or fruits ; a contusion. — Bmls'er, n. 

Bruit (brut), n. Report ; rumor ; fame. —v. /. 

To report ; to noise abroad. 
Bm'mal (brn^mal), a. Belonging to winter. 
Bm-nette' (brn-nSf), n. A ^1 or woman with 

dark complexion. 
Bmnt (brtlnt), n. Violence of an onset ; shock. 
Bmsk (brlish), n. An instrument of bristles, 

etc, for removing dust, laying on colors, etc. ; 

branches of trees lopped off ; brushwood ; 

thicket ; a skirmish ; a slight encounter ; trial of 

speed, etc. — V. t. [Bbubhbd (brtisht) ; Brush- 

INO.] To clean, rub, sweep, paint, etc., with a 

brush ; to touch slightly m passiiq;.— v. i. To 
move lightly. — Bnudl'y {-f), a. Rough; 
■haggy. — Bnuk'WOOd (-wd6d), n. A thicket 
of sinall trees ; small branches chopped off. 

Bnumne (brddsk), n. Bough and prompt ; blunt; 
curt; abrupt. 

Brute (br})t), a. Not having sensation; sense- 
less ; irrational ; cruel ; savage ; pitiless ; coarse ; 
unintelligent.— n. Aii animal destitute of rea- 
son ; a beast ; a brutal or coarse person ; a sav- 
age. — Bru'tal (brn'tal), a. Pertaining to, or 
like a brute; inhuman. — Bru1al-ly, adv.— 
Bru-tal'l-ty (brvi-tSlT-tj^), n. Quality of being 
brutal ; cruelty ; an inhuman act. — Sbntal-lzo 
(br})'tal-i2), v. t. To make brutal. — Bru'tiak, 
a. Insensible ; stupid ; gross ; bestial ; savage ; 
crueL — Bru'tlsk-ly, ad v. — BTutlsk-ness, n. 
— BrutUnn (-tlz'm), n. Nature or character- 
istic qualities or actions of a brute; extreme 
stupidity; beastly vulgarity. 

Bry'o-ny (bri'i-nj^), n. A genus of dimbfaig 

Bub^hle (b&l/b'l), n. A small bladder of water ; 
a delusive scheme ; a dishonest speculation. » 
V. i, [BuBBUD (-b'ld) ; Bubblino ?-blIng).] To 
rise in bubbles ; to run with a gurglix^g noise. -* 
V. t. To cheat ; to deceive. 

BuVbly (bfil/blj^), a. Abounding in bubbles; 

Buo'oa-neer^ ( bfik ' k& - nSr ' ), Bno'a-nler', n, A 
pirate ; a freebooter.— v. i. To live as a sea 

Bu-oentaur (btt-sSn'^r), n. A fabulous mon- 
ster, half ox and half man; the state barge of 

Bu'oku (buOcA), n. A South African shrub used 
for diseases of the blad<ter. 

Buok (bfik), n. Lye or suds in which doth is 
soaked for bleaching, or clothes are washed.— 
V. t, [BncKBD (bfikt); Buckxno.] To soak, 
steep, or wash (cloth or clothes) ; to pulverize 
(ores in minmg). — Buok'-lMUI/ket(-bAs'k6t), fi. 
A basket for taking soiled clothes to the wash. 

Buok (bfik), n. The male of deer, goats, sheep, 
rabbits, etc. ; a male Indian or negro ; a fop ; a 
dandy. ^ v. i. To copulate, as bucks and does ; 
to spring violently, like a vicious mule. —v. t. 
To throw (a rider) by bucking; to punish (a 
man) by tying the hands together and holding 
them over the bent knees by a stick passed over 
the wrists and under the knees. 

Buok (bfik), n. A frame in which to saw fire- 
wood; a sawhorse. — Buok saw. A saw set 
in a frame, for sawing wood on a sawhorse. 

Buoklraard' (bfik^bQrdO, Buok'wac'on (-w8g'- 
Qn), n. A four-wheeled vehicle, consisting of a 
board resting on the axletrees, and canying 

Buok'et (bfik'Bt), n. A vessel for drawmg or 
carrying water, etc. — Buoket skop. A place 
for bettmg on market prices of stocks, etc. 

Buck'oye' (bfik'iO, n. A tree or shrub of the 
horse chestnut kind ; an inhabitant of Ohio. 

Buck'isk (bfick'ish), a. Foppish ; dandified. 

Buckle (bfik^kl), n. A device for holding straps 
in place ; a bend or kink in a saw blade or other 
piece of metal ; a curl. — v. t, [BncKLBD (-k*ld) ; 
BncKLiKO.] To fasten with a buckle ; to bena ; 
tokink. — V. {. To bow ; to kink ; to struggle ; 
to contend. 

Buo'kler (bfik^klSr), n. A shield. 

f ftciif noent, Arb, rude, f ^ an, fdbd, t&bt, oat, oil, etaair, so, aiiiK, il|k| tbeoi Uiin. 
H. 8. Dict.-«. 




BmAfnUB (bttk^rom), n. Coarse linen cloth, 
stiffened with glue. —a. Made of buckram; 
stiff ; precise ; formal. 

Bnok'sllOt' (bUk'shSt^), n. Coarse lead shot, used 
in hunting deer and large game. 

Bnok'lkln' (btlk'sklnO, n. Skin or leather of a 
buck. pi. Breeches made of buckskin. 

Buokthom' (bfik'thOni^), n. A genus of shrubs 
or trees, some of which are thorny. 

Bnok'whMt' (bfik'hwSf), n. A plant, whose 
seed is used as a grain. 

Bn-OOl'lO (btt-k811k), a. Relating to shepherds ; 
pastoral ; rustic. — n. A pastoral poem. — Bn- 
COl'lC-al (-T-kal), a. Bucolic. 

Bud (b&d^, n. An undeveloped branch or flower ; 
a prommence on certain animals, which grows 
into a new animal. — v. i. [Budded ; Buddino.] 
To put forth buds ; to sprout ; to germinate ; to 
blossom, -^v. t. To insert (the bud of a plant) 
under the bark of another tree, in order to 
modify its fruit ; to graft. 

Bnd'dUBIII (b(>ddMTz'm), n. The doctrine taught 
bv the Hindu sage Buddha, adopted as a reli- 
ffion in Asia and the Indian Islands. — Bnd'dlllst 
r^lTst), n. A votary of Buddhism. — Bnd'dlllst, 
Bnd-dUst'lo (-dTs'tlk), a. Relating to Bud- 
dhism, or its founder. 

Bndgd (b&j), V. i. [BuDOSD (btljd) ; Budgihg.] 
To stir ; to go ; to move. 

Bttdge (bQj), n. Lamb-skin fur, used formerly 
as an edging, esp. of scholastic habits. —a. 
Lined with budge ; scholastic ; austere ; stiff. 

Bttdg'et (btlj'St), n. A bag or sack, with its con- 
tents; the annual financial statement made in 
the British House of Commons. 

Bnff (b&f), n. Leather dressed with oil ; a light 
yellowish color ; a polishing wheel covered with 
buff leather ; the bare skin. — a. Made of buff 
leather, or of its color. — v. t. [BnrvBD (b&ft) ; 
BurFiNO.] To polish with a buff. 

Bnf^-lO (bSffA-lS), n. A wild ox of the East- 
em hemisphere, the American bison ; a buffalo 
robe, or dcin of the American bison prepared 
with the hair on, as a wrap for cold weather. 

Buffer (bfifSr), n. A cushion or fender, to 
deaden the jar of colliding bodies ; a buff ; a 
polisher ; a good-humored, ^ow-witted fellow. 

Bnf-fet' (bd6f-fa'), n. A cupboard ; a sideboard ; 
a counter for refreshments. 

Bnilet (btlf'ffit), n. A blow ; a slap ; a cuff ; an 
affliction ; a trial, —v. t, [Buffbtbd ; Butfet- 
DTO.] To strike ; to contend against ; to muffle 
the sound of (a bell). — v. i. To strive ; to strug- 
gle ; to force one's way. 

II Bnf^O (bd6f'fd)2n. The comic actor in opera. 

Bnf-foon' (bfif-foon'), n. A clown; a mimic; a 
mountebank. — Bnf-fOOIl', 
Bnf-foon'lsll, a. Like a buf- 
foon; comic; vulgarly droll. 
— Bnl-loon'er-y C-^r-y), n. 
Jests, pranks, tricks, and 
postures of a buffoon. 

Bug (btlg), n. An insect of 
many species; esp., the bed- 
bug. --Bng'sy (-gy), a. In- 
fested with bugs. — Bng'gl- 
ness, n. 

Bnra-boo' (bfig^A-boS'), BnT- 
Dear' (-bfir^), n. Something 
frightful ; a specter. 

Bvg'Ky, a. See under Bno, n. 

Buggy without and with Top. 

BlVfy (biig'gy), n. Aligbtfour-wbeefedTehkle 
with or without a 
calash top. 

Bn'gle(bu'fl;'l),n. A 
horn, used in hunt- 
ing or for military 
music— Bn'glar, 
n. One who plays 
on a bugle. 

Bn'gle (bu'g*l).n. 
An elongated glass 
bead. — a. Jet 

Bn'gle(bu'g*l),n. A 
plant of the mint 
kind, used in medi- 

n. A plant used in 
dyeing; oxtongue. 

BnU (bul), n. Or- 
namental figure 
work of brass, unbumished gold, etc, set into 
surfaces of ebony, tortoise-shell, etc 

Bnlir'ltone' (bdr'stSnO, n. A variety of flinty 
quartz, valuable for millstones. [Often writ- 
ten burrstone."] 

Bnlld (bTld), V. L [Built (bTlt); BuiLDDre. 
The regular imp. & p. p. Buildbd is anti- 
quated.] To raise a structure; to erect; to 
construct; to increase; to strengthen.— v. i. 
To practice building ; to rest or depend (upon) ; 
to rely (upon). — n. Mode of construction ; 
form; figure; make. — Bnlld'er, n.«»BllQd'- 
ing, n. Art of constructing ; architecture ; the 
thing built ; an edifice ; a fabric. 

Bnlb (btllb), n. A globular root or expansion. 
— V. i. To swell. — BnlVons (-lis), a. Having 
round roots or heads; growing from bulbs; 
bulblike in shape ; protuberant. 

Bulge (btllj), n. Protuberant part of a cask ; bilge 
of a vessel ; a swelling ; a bending outward. —• 
v. i. [Bulged (btUjd); Bttlgiko. j — v. t. To 
swell or jut out ; to bilge, as a ship. 

Bulk (bulk), n. Magnitude ; size ; mass ; the 
largest or principal portion ; the whole carao of 
a diip when stow^. — Blllk'y (-j^), a. Big; 
large. — Bnlk'l-ness, n. 

Bvlkliead' (b&lk'hSdO, n. A partition in a ship, 
to form separate apartments on the same deck ; 
a wall to resist pressure of water, earth, etc. 

Bull (bul), n. The male of cattle, also of other 
animals, as of the elephant, whale, etc. ; a 
deader in jstocks who expects a rise in their 
value. —a. Of or like a bull; male; large; 
fierce. — v. t. [Bulled (byld^ ; Bulling.] To 
seek to raise the price of (stocks, etc.). 

BnU (byl), n. A seal ; a sealed letter, edict, or 
rescript of the pope; a grotesque blimder in 

Bnll'dog' (bulMSfl^), n. A variety of dog, of re- 
maik{U)le ferocity and courage. —a. Unyield- 
ing; tenacious. 

Bnll'doze' (bul'doz'), v. /. [Bulldozed (-dSzdO ; 
Bulldozing'.] To intimidate ; to coerce by vio* 
lence. [Slang, U.S."] 

Bullet (byliet), n. A ball for a gun. 

Bnlle-tJjl (byin^-tTn), n. An official report or 

Bnll'fincll' (byl'fTnchO, n. A singing bird aUied 
to the grosbeak. 

8, 6, 1, o, 11, loog ; &, 6, 1, <^ 0, yi ■Ii'Ort ; MnAte, ^ren^ tdea, 6b^, fUiite, cftra^ 1^ 




BnlllrOf^ (hyl'trHgf ), n. A large species of 
American frog, which bellows loudly in spring. 

Bullion (bcil'ylin), n. Uncoined gold or silver. 
— BnlllOII'liIlt, n. One who favors a metallic 
currency, or a paper currency always exchange- 
able for gold. 

BnllOGk (bijQ^Qk), n. A young male of tho ox 
kind ; an ox, or castrated bull. 

BnllV— 070^ (bylz^O) ^' ^ wooden block without 
sheaves, for connecting rising ; a circular open- 
ing for air or light ; a policeman's lantern ; the 
center of a target. 

Bnl^y (bullj^), n. ; pi. Bullies (-ITz). A noisy, 
blustering fellow. ^ a. Jovial; jolly. — v. i. 
[BuLLiKD (-ITd) ; BuLLTiNa.] To bluster ; to 
swagger. — v. t. To intimidate ; to insult. 

Bnl'x€8ll' (byl'rlishO, n. A large rush, growing 
in wet land or water. 

Bnl'wark (bul'wfirk), n. A fortification ; a shel- 
ter ; pL the sides of a ship above the upper deck. 
— V. U To protect. 

Bnm'ble-bee' (bfim'b'l-bS^), n. A large bee, some- 
times called humblehee ; named from its sound. 

Bnm'mer (bUm'mSr), n. A vagrant, worthless 
fellow ; a dissipated sponger. 

Bump (bfimp), v. t. & t. [Bumped (bfimt) ; Bump- 
INO.] To strike; to thump. — n. A heavy 
blow ; a swelling ; a bruise. — Bnmp'or, n. 

Bnmp'or (btim'per), n. A cup filled to the brim. 

Bnmp^kln (btbnp'kTn), n. An awkward, heavy 
rustic ; a clown ; a lout. 

Bnmp'tlOIUI (btlmp'shfis), a. Self-conceited ; for- 
ward ; pushing. — Biimp'tioiis-neBB, n. 

Bim (bfin\ Bunn, n. A small sweet cake. 

BnilCll (bunch), n. A protuberance ; hunch ; knob 
or lump ; a collection, cluster, or tuft, of things 
of the same kind. — v. i. [Bunched (bfincht) ; 
Bunohino.] To swell out into a bunch, —v. t. 
To form or collect in bunches. — Bimcll'y (,-f)i 
a. Full of, or growing in, bunches; having 
tufts. — Bnnch'l-neBS, n. 

Bnn'oombe (btinOciim), Bnnlnim, n. Speech- 
making for mere show; flattering talk for a 
selfish or partisan purpose. 

ilBlind (bd6nd), n. League ; confederacy ; the 
confederation of German states. — llBui'deB- 
rath' (bd6n'd6s-rat^), n. The federal council of 
the German Empire, also of Switzerland. 

Bnn'dle (bfin'dU), n. A number of things bound 
together; a parcel; a roll. — v. /. [Bundled 
(-d'ld); Bundlino.] To bind in a bundle.^ 
v. i. To set off in a hurry. 

Bung (b&ng), n. A stopper of the orifice in a cask ; 
the orifice itself.-* v. t, [Bunged (bfingd); 
Bunoinq.] To stop (the orifice of a cask) with 
abui^; to close. —BimgllCle' (-holO> »• An 
orifice in a cask, for filling it. 

Bun'ga-lOW (btln'g&-15), n. In India, a house of 
one story. 

Bun'gle (biis'g'l), v. t*. [Bunolbd (-gUd) ; Bun- 
gling (-glTng).] To act or work clumsily. — v. t. 
To botch. —Bun'gler (-glSr), n. — Bun'gllng, 
a. Unskillful ; awkward ; clumsily done. — 
Bun'gllng-ly, adv, 

Bun'lon, n. Sise Bunton. 

Bunk (bfink), n. A case or box, for a seat or bed ; 
a berth."— v. i. [Bunked (b&nkt); Bunking.] 
To go to bed. 

Bun'kar (bfin'kSr), n. A chest ; bin for coal, etc. 

Bun'ko (bQn'kd), n. A swindling game, by means 
of cards, a sham lottery, etc. 

Bunion (bSn'ySn), Bun^n,n. An inflamed 
swelling on the ball of the great toe. 

Bun'tlng (btin'tlng), n. A bird of the Finch and 
Sparrow family. 

Bun'tlng (btin'ting), Buntlne (-ttn), n. A thin 
woolen stuff, used for colors, flags, etc. 

Buntllne (bfinflTn or -Un), n. One of the ropes 
to haul up the body of a sail when taking it in. 

Buoy (bwoi or boi), n. A float ; a mark to indi- 
cate objects beneath the water. — v, t, [Buoted 
(bwoid or boid) ; Buoying.] To keep afloat ; to 
keep from sinking into ruin or despondency ; to 
mark by buoys. — • v. i. To float ; to rise by spe- 
cific lightness.— BUoya^e (-&j)in. Buoys taken 
collectively ; .the providu^ of buoys. — Buoy- 
ant, a. Floating; light; cheerful; vivacious. 

— Buoyant-ly, adv. — Buoyan-oy (-an-sj^), n. 
Lightness; the weight just sufficient to sul>- 
merge a floating body ; cheerfulness ; vivacity. 

Bur (bflr), Burr, n. A prickly head of a plant ; a 
ridge left by a tool in dressing metaL 

Bur'bot (b(lr^5t), n. An eel-like, fresh-water 
fish, having beards on nose and chin; the eel 
pout ; the ling. 

Burden (bflr'd'n), n. That which is borne; a 
load ; the cargo or capacity of a ship ; an en- 
cumbrance ; an oppression. ^ v. t. [Bubdenbd 
(-d'nd) ; Bubdening.I To load ; to oppress. — 
Biu/den-somd (-sfimj, a. Heavy ; grievous. 

Bur'den (bdr'd^n), n. The verse repeated in a 
song ; a chorus ; a refrain ; anything often re- 
peated ; the main topic ; the drone of a bagpipe. 

BlU/dOOk (bfir'dSk), n. A weed, bearing burs. 

Bu'reau (bu'r$ or bfi-r5'), n. ; pi, E. Bubxaus 
(-roz), F. BuBBAUX (b\ji'r$0« ^ desk; a chest 
of drawers for clothes, papers, etc. ; an office ; 
an administrative department. 

Burg (bdrg), n. A borough. 

Bur^a-mot' (bdr^gA-mStO, n. Same as Beboamot. 

Bur-gaols' (bflr-jois'), n. Same as Boubgeois. 

Bur'gess (bdr'jSs), n. A citizen, representative, 
or magistrate of a borough. 

Burg'graye (bdr'grav), n. A German noble. 

Burgk (bfirg), n. See Bueg and Bobough. — 
Burgk'flJ (bfii^'alV, a. Belonging to a burgh. 

— Bnrgk'er (bQrg'er), n. A citizen of a burgh 
or borough. 

Bur'glar (bdr'glSr), n. One guilty of burglary. 

— BlU/gla-ry (-gl&-rj^), n. Housebreaking by 
night. — Bur-gla'rl-OUB (-gla'ri-fis), a. PeH«in- 
ing to burglary ; constituting the crime of bur- 
glary. — Bur-gla'rl-ou8-ly, adv. 

Bur'gO-nias^ter (bQr'g^-m&s^ter), n. 
A chief magistrate in Dutch and Ger- 
man towns ; an Arctic gull. 

Bur'graye, n. See Bubgobave. 

Bur'gun-dy (bQr'giin-dj^), n. A supe- 
rior wine, made in Burgundy, France. 

Bu'rl-al (bSr'rl-al), ». A burying; a 
funeral ; an interment. 

Bu'rin (bu'rln), n. An engraver's tool ; 
a graver. 

Burl (bdrl), V. t. To dress and finish 
(cloth). — n. A knot or lump in thread 
or cloth ; excrescence on a tree ; ve- 

Bur^p (bQr^p), n. A coarse fabric 
of jute or hemp, for bagging, cur- 
tains, etc. ^ 

Bur-lesqiue' (bflr-lSsk'), a. Tending to Burin, 
excite laughter by ludicrous images; 

-- ^ 7 — — — — — — ,f 7 O —^ — -- ^ F 

. I ■ - — - 

<8rDi recent, 6rb, r^de, fyll, Am, f<»bd, fcjbt, out, oil, cliair, go, sins, i||k, tben, tbilL 




Jocular, JronicaL — n. Ludicrous representa- 
tion ; exaggerated parody ; caricature. — v. L 

[BUBLBBQUSD (-Ifiskt') ; BUBLXSQUINO.] To tum 

into ridicule ; to make ludicrous. 

nBnr-letta (bfir-lSftft), n. A comic opera. 

Bnrly (bQriy), a. Ox great bulk ; stout ; lusty. 
— BnrOl-iiesSfn. 

Bmn (bdm), n. A brook ; a small stream. 

Bnxn (b(!trn), v. t. [Bubhed (bQmd) or BuBirr 
(bfimt) ; BuBKiNO.^ To consume or change the 
condition of (a thing) by fire or heat.— .v. i. 
To be on fire or infiamed. — n. A hurt caused 
by fire. — Bnrn'or, n. One who sets on fire ; a 
TOirt of a lamp, etc. , where fiaine is produced. — 
Bnm'illg? a. Hot ; fiery ; consuming ; intense. 
— n. A consuming ; excessive heat. — Bnxillllg 
l^ass. A convex glass for producing intense 
heat by converging the sun^s rays to a focus. — 
Burnt offerillg. Something burnt on an altar, 
to atone for sin. 

Bnr'lllsll (bfir^Tsh), v, t. & i. [Bubnishbd 
(-nTsht) ; Bvbnishino.] To polish ; to brighten, 
^n. Gloss; luster. 

Bni'nOMe (bfir'noos or bSr-noos'), Bor'noilS, 
Bonr'llOIIS, BerllOIlM, n. A garment, of Arab 
origin, consisting of a cloak and hood in one 

Bur. BeeBDB. 

Bnr'ro (bttr^ri), n. A Mexican donkey. 

Bnr^W (bllr^r^), n. A borough, or incorporated 
town ; a shelter ; a hole in the ground made by 
rabbits, etc., for shelter and habitation ; a heap 
of rubbish. —v. i. [Bubhowbd (-rid); Bub^ 
BOWING.] To excavate, or lodge in, a hole in 
the earth ; to hide. 

Bnr^sar (bdr'sSr), n. A treasurer ; a charity stu- 
dent. — Bnr^sa-ry (-tA-Tf), n. The treasury of 
a college or monastery ; a charitable foundation 
in a university. 

Bnne (bfirs), n. A bourse; a merchants' ex- 

Burst (bfirst), V. i, [Bubst ; Bubsthto.] To break 
or fly open. ^ v. i. To break ; to rend ; to open 
suddenly. ^ n. A sudden breaking forth ; a dis- 
ruption ; an explosion. 

Bnr'tlion (bOr'th'n), n. & v. See Bubden. 

Bur^ (bSr'i^^), V. t. [Bubibd (bSr^rld) ; Bubting 
(ber'r^-Ing).] To cover out of sight ; to inter ; 
to entomb ; to conceal ; to repress. — Burying 
ground, Burying place. A place for burying 
the dead. 

Bnsll (bush), n. A thicket ; a shrub ; the brush 
or tail of a fox. —v. t. [Bushed (busht) ; Bubh- 
ING<] To branch thicklv.— v. t. To support 
(vines, etc.) or harrow (land) with bushes. — 
Bnsh'y (-j^), a. Thick and spreading ; full of 
bushes ; overgrown. — Bnsh'i-noss, n. 

Bnsll (bysh), n. A ring, or lining of metal, let 
into an orifice. — v. t. To line (a pivot hole, 
etc.) with a bush. 
BOBll'el (bush'81), n. A dry measure, of 4 pecks. 
Bns'i-ly, Bnsi'neBS. See under Bust, a. 
Bnsk (oQsk), n. A strip of steel or whalebone to 

stiffen corsets. 
Bosk (bQsk), v.t. &%* To prepare ; to array. 
BnaHdn (btLsHcTn), n. A half boot, formerly 
worn by hunters and tn^^c actors. — Bns'Unod 
(-kTnd), a. Wearing buskins ; tragic. 
BnSB (b&sV n. A kiss ; a smack. —v. t. To kiss. 
Buss (btls), n. A small two-masted vessel, used 
in the herring fishery. 

BlUt (bttst), n. A statue of the head, shoulders 

and breast ; the trunk of the body. 
Bns^ard (bfia'tSrd), n. A bird of the Ostrich 

Bnstlo (btts^sn), V. i. [BunusD (-sPd); Bus- 

TUNO (-slTng).] To stir quickly ; to be rudely 

active. — n. Great stir ; commotion ; fuss. 
Bns^S (b&s's'l), n. A cushion worn by women, 

to expand the skirts behind ; a toumure. 
Bna'y (bTz'zj^), a. £nga|;ed in bushiess ; occupied 

with serious affairs ; diligent ; active ; foolishly 

active ; officious ; meddling ; fussy. — v, t. 

[Bushed (bTs'zTd) ; Bubtino.] To employ ; to 

occupy.— Bns'i-ly (-«My), adv.— Bnsi'ness 

(bTz'nBs), n. Employment; occupation; con- 
cern ; mercantile transactions ; traffic. — Bnsi'- 
ness-Uke^ (-IiIkO* <^ Serious ; sagacious ; judi- 
cious.— Bns^-lwd'y (-bM/^), n. One who 
officiously concerns himself with others' affairs. 

But (bfit), prep.f adv., & eonj. Except ; besidea; 
unless ; save ; only ; solely ; merely ; yet ; fur* 
ther; still; nevertheless. 

Bnt, n. See Butt. 

Bntoh'ar (b^ch'er), n. One who daughters ani- 
mals for the market ; one who kiUs wMitonly ; 
one given to slaughter.— v. t, [Butchbbxd 
(•3rd) ; Butchbbing.] To kill or slaughter (ani- 
mals for food or for market) ; to murder. — 
Bntoll'sr-ly (-er-lj^), a. Grossly cruel and 
barbfiurous ; murderous. — Bntoh'sr-y (-Sr-j^), n. 
Business of a buteher ; carnage ; massacre. 

Bnt end, Bntt end. See under Butt, n. 

Bntler, n. A servant in charge of liquors, etc 

Bntt, Bnt (biit), n. A limit ; a bound ; a goal ; 
an end ; tiie larger end of a thing ; a mark to 
be shot at ; aim ; one at whom ridicule or con- 
tempt is directed ; a thrust given in fencing or 
by the head of an animal ; a square joint in car- 
pentry ; a hinge ; land left unplowed at the end 
of a fi^d. — V. t. To strike with the head. — 
V. i. To join at the end ; to terminate ; to strike 
with the head. — Bntt end, Bnt end. The 
larger or thicker end. 

Bntt (btlt), n. A large cask or vessel, containing 
two h(^heads ; a pipe. 

llBntte (but or bd6t), n. An isolated peak or 
abrupt elevation of land. 

Bntter (bQf tSr), n. An oQy, unctuous substance 
obtained from cream by churning. — v. /. [Bur- 
T^^D (-tSrd) ; Buttbbikg.] To cover or spread 
with butter. — Bntter-y (-tSr-y), a. Having the 
qualities or appearance of butter. — n. A place 
for keeping milk, butter, ete. ; a pantry. 

Bnt^er-onp^ (bfit'ter-ktlp/), n. A plant having 
bright yellow fiowers ; crowfoot ; rangcup. 

Bnt^er-uy^ (bSftSr-fil^), n. A lepidopterous in- 
sect, one species being of a bright yellow color. 

Bnt^er-ine (biit'ter-Tn), n. An imitation of but- 
ter, made from animal fat. 

BntOer-milk' (bfiftSr-mTIkO, n. Milk remaining 
after the butter is separated from it. 

Bnf ter-nnt^ (bfiftSr-ntiV), n. An American tree 
of the Walnut family, and ito edible oily fruit ; 
the nut of a tree of South America; — called 
also Souari nut. 

Bntter-y, a. & n. See under Buttbe, n. 

Bnt'toclE (biit't&k), n. The rump, or protuberant 
part of the body behind ; the convexity of a 
ship behind, under the stem. 

Bnt^n (biitt'n), n. A small ball ; knob ; a cateh, 
to fasten t(^ther parts of a dress, to secure a 

ft, 9, 1, 5, fl, long ; &, 6, 1, 5, tt, ft short ; senAte, dvent, tdea, 6b^, Onite, cAre, ftrm, Ask, f^ll, fined, 


pluia tns. producing nugli ba 

I (blittrfia), n. A proJecUne rapport to 

— n. (. To (upport b; ■ but- 

BD'ty-n'onni (bii ' Cl-ri'tbOs), 
Bn'ty-IOM Cbu'lt-rtii), a. 
B>t1i« tlie qiulitlea of, or 
like, butuir. — Bn-trrtO (b«- 
llr^k), a. PertainiDg to, or 

Boi'om (bSkviini), a. Healthful 
.ud rteoroua; oomelyMoUvi 
(roUcHme. — Bu'om-lT. adv. 

''""""™"° c(b*wt)i 

BnT{bi-),...*. [Booaart 

1^ paying a price for- 

lo iiwUate or trsat J f 

k piircBaM. — Bnj'W j J, 

WBr), II. 

Il(blii), 1. 1 [BDZiiD(bnid); 

«c> ; to t«lk perilstentfy 

rmwrt) by whi* 
LtlooAl]'. — Bos 


Bntfiud (bOi'iSni), n. A bird Of tng, nl thi 
B7 (la)i prep. Near ; oloH 

BT(bi)i B:^.n. * thing no 
directly aimed at ; ao ot 
joot by the way ; iu orichsl 

Br'^ima' t-gBn'), a. Pant ; gone by.— n. Bonio- 
thing gODO by or put ; a p«t Bfflnt. 

Sy-m (bl'ln), n. A load or mbordinate law ; 
> priTate law or reguUtion. 

BnMth' (bi'pitb'), n. A printe path; an ob- 

BnUr (taW), B. A KHae CHTled on ulde. 

BT'-pnd'nut (b! ' prfid ' Kkt). n. A ucoDdicy or 
additional product ; aoDwUiiag produced, aa In 
a manufacturing proceaa, Eu addition to tbB pTlD- 

By^irao' (tn'rOdO, n. A primto or obaoura rond. 
Bj'itand'u (U'aUbi'dKr), n. A looker-onj a 

Bpectator ; an cbesrvar. 
BT'worfl' (M'wOrd'), 

-overb i the oblect of a coDtempti 
uut'tUu (hT-dintTn), a. 0( or 


(l«b(Ub),iL AModotoarriago: aeabrif 

a«b(Ub),n. AHebrewdrymeaeunofSl 
Oa-bd' (U-UUO, n- A DumW of penoiu x 


LimJ To plot ; lo contpire. — Ol-bal'lK, B- 
Oab'a-Ia<Uli'i-U), n. Jewlih secret tndltlon; 

Becret ■dsoce of ib« eaballsu. — OaVa-ilit 
(•llet), n. One ekllled tn Jewleb tradltloa. — 
OaVa-llatla (-iTa'tlk), OaVa-IiVtla-aK-tT- 
knl), a. Pertaining to tbe cabala; myatLc. — 
OaVi-lla^Ml-ly, ndn. 

lOa-lNW (U-blC), n. A retloola ; a baud bag. 

OaVlIU* (klb^), n. A gudsD plaol, hiiTlag 

OabOMC* (Ub^tj), r. f. TopurMn.— n. Olotb 
OaMll" WlKn), B." A *" " "" " 

bST. A boy who w^ta on periona In t. sbi 
flab'lMt (iMbrt-Mti n. A clOHt ; a prliUe 


Bolted lor ■< 

— 0«vin-M-mak'«i 

(-in»Sr), n. 

I (U'bl), n. A kun, itroiig top* or otudt^ 
it^D a Taaael at auuior, etc. ;ametaU' 

oonbilning • tel ■■ ■ - . ~ 

with a cable ; I 

(1.4^«0?^ - - - 

ahtp ; a galley ; a tool car do a Tallrwl. 

ai&'ii-».lsf (Ub-rl-J-la'), n. A onfr.horaa ear- 
riufe vLtb two eeata and a caUa}i tap. 

aa-Da'a<U-hatorki'kt),n. The chocolate tree. 

Owll'B-lat(hbh'l-im), n. The sperm wbale. 

IICMha (Usb), n. A hiding pUce fnr proriaigna. 

Oa-ebwtio (ki-kn'tTk), Oa-obaotlo-al (-tl-kal), 

a. HaYliig a bad state of body. 
llOaoh'Sl (kIWi'i), n. _ A «al (of a letter). - Lel- 

a>-dl«zY (ki-kSkl^), H. Depraved condition 

Oaob'lii-iiatloa (klk'IiMiI'ihSn}, *. Loud or 

immoderatQ langhter- 
Ol'okOB' (Uf ibD/), n. A pQI for perfuming tb* 

fSin, r««nt, 6rb, rgde, tyU, Om, ftfiDd, llfltt, fint, oil, chair, B0> alnKi iV^i *>»>• *Ub> 

OmOcU (Uk^l). v.f. To nu 
haD i to Ijuigh with ■ broken an 
pralUs.— n. ThebrokBn m^i 
Ulk i pnittlB, — OU'Utr, 1. - 

Ot-Bopk'o-nr (kUcSft-nf ), n. 

lOIk'S-Boni (-4-nlla), 
UBDt prickly tro^cal 

Oil(kKd),>>. AdooikDeparDr , 

nr r^ow. — Oia'AlBh, a, ^ 

0»4lT'«I-ou ^tdl'v'^-ns), 
a. Like & corpw; pala; 

DiB[-dli). Aniuafbailor 
Oa'daui (kPdoia), A. A tall ^ 

OiltUI (kitif I, n. 

Ol-tol*' (k*-jBl'). e. t To deceliB by flattery ; 

- Or-|o1'w-7 (^r-n »• n»tt^rj ; de«il. ' 

Oiks (kkk), n. B^ed douRh ; aweeUned brud : 

> Ruttsned idui.— v. f. di <- To torm into ■ 



Oil'i-hoou' (kU'Ji-boK'l. n 

0«l'«-mui'oa (kKI't- "-- 

ribbed ur plain, 
Oil'i-mla* (kU'1-iuiii or -rail 

Oi-Umt-tr (kA-Ubnl-Q), n. 

aa-teml-toni (-ttU), 0. bi 

dlMMTDUB. — Ol-lUB'I-tl 

lun'l-toiu-nBM. n. 

K,«,i, a,fl.kB( ; ft, «,!, a,«, r, .1 

A pTiaon ; A jftfl. 

I),". Aminenl.»ii 


Oil'a-asi fUa't-mlb), n. ! pi. Ciun (-ad). A 

r«ed ; Indiui cuis ; iwMt OMg. 
Oa-luli' (kt-llah'), n. AbEbtcutligtoltliiiun- 

u (ktl-U 

. Ofth 

■I'DS-I'tal (kU'it-I'Ud), d. WurioK Bboea. 

OtI'oi-iutt (kU'Bl-natJ, EX- Oal-du' (UQ-dn' or 

oiidiie.'—u. i. To b« coaverted iutc ■ ponder 
or friabla rabttanco. — OllHlfn'M (-•in'ir), n. 
— Oal'ei-HA'Uoii (fcll'iT-iii'ahBn), n. The 
opemlioQ of calcining. — O*l'olt« (kn'ritl, n. 

The meUdlic bMJa of lima. 
Oal'ol-lito (klirkH-lEC). <t. I. To ucertaln bj 

putstloD,'— (U'n-b-bltl'-Kt-b-l), a. OipablB 
of being calculated. — Otl^on-U'tlon (-ll'ahOn), 

(HSI-ka-li'tiv), a. 

Cil'oo-U'toif-tBi,, - -— 

0«l'gil-llU (kairkH-iila), n.,- pi. Cj 



rtonei Bffttyi 

Oal'dion (kjil'drOn), n. A large ke 

0»!'»-lT(knt-fl), tr.i. To grow hoi or warm.- 
1. 1. To make hot. — OU'B-l«'elBnt 1-fS'tbmt), 
a. Making warm ; heating. _ GBl'>-IU>tlmi 

of being heated. — OlI'c-IUI'tlTg (-tfv), Oll'*- 
IlB'tO-ry (-It-rJl, o. Makii^ warm or hot. 
Oal'»n-fl«r (kWen-dSr), n. An almanac 1 a reg- 

IBD.] To eilter or write in a calendar. 
Oll'Bll-dn |kffl'Bn-dSr), n. A hot preaa, naed to 

§^g! ™. " " FciwiKDBBUi 1^1™ ; Cuja. 

nmrao.] To amooth {cloth, paper, ett.), bj 

preaaure between roLlere. 
Od'anlU (kSl'Sndr), n. j.1. The first day of each 

Roman month. 
a«l'«ll-tlD* {kwen-tBr), B. Delirium cauaed by 

the heat of the tropica] aun at aea- 
ttalKMI), n.; pi.Cai.TM(hByi). The young of 

the cow i > ttuptd perton ; the fleahy part of the 

eSfa akin- 
Oill-lMr (kiat-blr), Odl-bn. n. 

Osll-oo '{MlT-kS), «.;'pl. Cliicaii 

Btolf woien ot cotton. 
OKll-Anat (kUT-daktl, n. A pipe Co > 

Oa-Ug-r-iimu (ki-iirr-nB.), n. ai- 

0a-|lr»-^7. "; See'CiLuon*™ir. 
0*f/^ (kil'T-pBO, "■ Thrnt part 

IT'l-ii.). A 

t| MaaM, «*M(,Id«i, febtv, ttmts, <«rs Krm, Wt, ill. OMIi 



(tal'l-tate (Ull.itt), 

Oal'I>-tlinliu<Ul'lB-ttaGit^t). n.iin^. Hulth- 
fu] juid gnc«liil bodilj eierniBa ; IjghG gymilAfr- 

- OU'l-plutB, 


ihip), lo pre 

ping. — Ollk' 


ootj. — n. A Bharp-poilllAd 
-Ollli'W, "'-OlJl"lli,'n™B™'™s; 

0«Ml|'n.pliy(ki1-IVr^lt). 1. Beautlti 
nmulilp. — Oil-Ut'n-piiut l-nn), n. J 
suit penmui. — aull-fiutllo ( UU' ll-ci 
aa'U-KT^blO-*! (-I-kol), a. Olorper 

to CaltfEtBphv. 

OktU'd-p* (iii-m-pt). n. The mua ' 

■{{■lliwnsw. n 

<l»l'll-p««< n. pi- Bee CAUnaa. 

Oal'lla-thsnlu. n. See Cilibthl 

OBllgwi (Ul'LDO, a. Hirdenedj IndD 
fesUng. — Oal'liiii: 

— ii>f-iM^-tr(-i(i 

Otl1»:w'(ai1t), a. Dertlluta (« feMhsn; UB 
B«a«d! immstuce. 

dim (klm), a. Still ; quIsC ; undlnnriw] ; hub 
lul ; Irwqull ; placid. — n, Beronlcy ; quiet. — 
tr. I. [CiLUD (kilmd): Cii.inira.1 To nui 
to tootha; to eompose. — Otlm'lr, adv. - 

mSI), n. A mild chloride ol 
n medicine. 

□al'Mil'io (Wn^t-rlflk], o. Produ' 
cang neat; hoatlng. — 0»l'0-rlql'^te^ {-rlm'J 

of hiuil contilnfld in iHdies.— Ol-lor'I-BlB'tIB 

(tal'O-Wje |kWi-tip), n. A phologmph on pre 
Oaltntp (kU'trSp), Oilttu l-tilp), n. A plint 

Otr^mrt' {k»'a-inM),"n.°' A]I^d1«i™pip^*o( 

aKl1im-Iv(kU'Dm-n:r),n. 7alee sod mallclDiia 
dfcqs&Cion ; Aloniler; lilisl; nbuBB. — Gl'lnin'' 
al-lU (kMHm'nT-Et). v. I. To aecuee taltcly ; 

llbol. — 0»!.liun'lU-«tl'(m(-nI-»'9hOn),n. FiUe 
uwuntlon; iiliuidsr. — Oi-lSM ' nl-n'tur (ki- 
lOm'nl^tSO.n, A iluidenr. — Ol-lun'nl-ira* 

fBm, MMBt, ttb, ryda, tfll> An. Iitad, UAt, ool, oi^ olulr. go, liiiBi loki tbat, a 

0*t'»'m«l . 

mercury, uted u . . _ 
lU-lono (kft-IB^^k) II. 

IIO«-BWni-« {ktnii 
0»-m»l'B-Ptia (ki-mSi'- 
lemariTble foi 




Omlflt (IdbnnBt), n, A rtiifl of hair and sOk, 
or wool and thrMuL 

Oarn'O-mUa (kXm^-mn), Oharn'O-mUs, n. A bit- 
ter plant, naed in medicine. 

Oamp (k&up), n. Ground on which tents, etc., 
are erected for shelter ; a body of persons en- 
camped in the same spot. — v. /. [Camfbd 
(kSmpt) ; Camping.] To afford rest or lodging 
for (an army, or trayelers). — v. i To rest or 
lo^^; to encamp. 

Oam-paiSA' (Um-pinOi n. The time that an 
army keeps the field ; a political canvass. — v. i. 
To serve in a campaign. -r- Oam-paigll'or, n. 
One who has served m campaigns ; a veteran. 

Oam-pail'i-fonil (l^Sm - pSn ' l - Idrm), o. In the 
shape of a bell. 

ttOam'pa-nlle (kAm'p&-nSa&), n. A bell tower. 

— Oam'pa-nol'OJT {-n6Vt'ff), n. The art of 
ringing bells. — Oam-pan'll-lAte (-pin'd-ltt), a. 

Oam-p«i'teal (kSm-pSs'trol), Oam-pes'trl-an 
(-tri-an), a. Pertainix^ to, or growing in, a 

Oam'plMna (kSm'fSn or kSm-fSn'), n. Oil of 
turpentine. [Sometimes written camphine.^ 

Oun'phirtt (kSm'fir), n. Old spelling of camphor. 

OaHL'pbor (kSm'fSr), n. The solidified sap of an 
East Indian tree. — Oam'phor-ate (-at), v. t. 
To impregnate with camphor. — Oam-plior^ic 
(-f SrTk), a. Pertaining to camphor. 

Oun'l^-ini (Ubn'pl-iin), n. A plant bearing pcn- 
sonous berries. 

Oan (kSn), n. A cup ; a metal case or vessel. — 
V. t. To preserve (fruit, etc.) in airtight cans. 

Oan (kSn), V, i. \imp. Could (kd6d).] To be 
able ; to have power. 

IlOa-nallle' (k&-nfilOi n. [F.] The lowest chiss 
of people ; the rabble. 

Oa-nal' (k&-nS10> ^^ ^ artlflcial watercourse ; a 
duct for passage of liquids or solids. 

DOa-nard' (k&-nilrd' or kA-nSr'), n. [F.] An ex- 
travagant fabrication ; a hoax. 

Oa-na'^ (k4-na'rj^ ), n. Wine made in the Canary 
Isles ; a singing bird of the Finch family. — 
a. Of a pale yellow color. 

Oan'cel (ksn'sSi), v. t, [Canoslbd or Camcbxxbd 
(-s81d) ; Cakgblino or Canoblling.] To blot 
out ; to annul, or destroy. — Oan' cel- la ' ted 
(kSn'sSl-la'tSd), a. Marked with cross lines. — 
Oan'cel-la'tioil (-la'shfin), n. A canceling. 

Oan'cer (kSn'sSr), n. The Crab, a sign in the 
xodiac ; a tumor, often becoming an ulcer, and 
rarely cured. — Gan'oer-atd (-at), v. i. To grew 
into a cancer. — Oan'oor-ons (-Us), a. Like, con- 
sisting of, or affected with, cancer. — Oan'cri- 
fonn (kSn'krl-fdrm), a. Crablike ; cancerous. 

Oan'de-la'Aiim (kSn'd$-la'brfim), n. ; pi. L. 
Candklab&a (-br&), E. CandeXiAbrumb (-brthnz). 
A branched candlestick ; a chandelier. 

Oan'dent (kSn'dent), a. Glowing with heat 

Oan'did (k&i'dTd), a. Fair; ingenuous; just; 
frank ; unreserved ; equitable. — Oan'dld- ly, 
adv. — Oan'did-ness, n. 

Oan'di-date (kSn'dT-dat), n. One who seeks, or 
is selected for, office. — Cau'dl-da-OT (-dA-sJ^), 

Oan'di-date-shlp, Gan'di-da-tnre (-da-tdr), n. 

Position of a candidate. 
Oan'dle (kSn'd'l), n. A cylinder of combustible 
substance, inclosing a wick, to fumidi light. — 
Oan'dle-Ught' (-nt^)* n. The light of a candle. 

— Oan'dld-mas (-mas), n. The festival (Feb. 2) 

of the parlfication of the Virgin Mary. — Olll'* 
dla-ltiok' i-Mk'), n. A uten£ to hold a candle. 

Oan'dor (kXn'dSr), n. Fairness; sincerity. 

Oan'dy (kXn'dj^), v. t. To conserve in sugar ; to 
form into crystals, as sugar. — v. i. To change 
into sugar, or be formed into crystals.— n. A 
preparti^on or confection of sugar. 

Oana (kin), n. A reed ; a walking-stick ; a staff. 

— V. t. [Canbd (kand) ; C ahotg. j To beat with 
a cane ; to furnish witli cane or rattan. — OaiM'- 
liraka' (kSn^riQEO, n. A thicket cxf canes. 

Oa-nine' (k4-nin'), a. Pertaining to, or havmg 
the properties of, a dog. 

Oan'la-ter (kSnTs-tSr). A box or case for tea, 
coffee, etc., also for shot fired from a cannon. 

Oanlrar (kSn^kSr), n. An ulcer in the mouth ; a 
disease of animals and plants ; anything which 
corrupts or destroys.-^, t. ■ [Cakksbbd (-kSrd) ; 
Cankkring.] To eat ; to corrode ; to pollute. — 
V. i. To become corrupt or malignant ; to ^nute 
away. — Oanlmsd. a. Corroded ; malignant. 

— tian'ker-ons (-iis), a. Corroding. — Oanlnr- 
worm' (-wdrm^), n. A worm which destroys 
fruit and trees. 

Oan'nel ooal' (kSn'nSl kSl'). A hard black ooaL 
It bums with a clear flame. 

Oanlll-lMLl (kSu'nT-bal), n. One who eats human 
flesh. — Oanlll-lMLl-unil (-Is'm), n. The eating 
of human flesh by man ; cruelty ; barbarity. 

Oan'JUm (kin'nfin), n. A great gun ; a ilrearm for 


discharging heavy shot— Oan'BOB-ade' (-SdO, 
n. An attaoK with cannon, —v. t.&i. To attack 
with cannon. — OanilOlL ImlL Shot thrown by 
a cannon. — Gannon ibot Cannon baUa ; the 
distance a cannon will throw balls. — Oan'non- 
eex' (•er'), Oan'non-iar', n. One who manages 
cannon. — Oan'non-ry (-rj^), n. Artillery. 

Oan'not (kXn'nOt). ICan, -f- not."] Am, is, or are, 

Oan'ny (kSn'n^), Oan'&le, a. Cunning ; shrewd ; 
cautious. — Oian'nl-ly, adv. 

Oa-'BOe' (kA-nSo'), n. A boat formed of the tmnk 


of a tree, or of bark or skins. — v. i. [Caitobd 
(-n5od') ; Canokino (-nSOTng).] To manage a 
canoe ; to ride in a canoe. 
Oan'on (kXn'fin), n. A law or rule ; the genume 
books of the Scriptures ; a church dignitary. — 
Oan'on-OU (-8s), n. A woman who enjoys a 
prebend. — Oa-non'lo (k4-n0n^k), Oa-non'lo- 
al (-T-kal), a. Pertaining to a canon ; accord- 
ing to the rule. — Oa-non'io-al-ly, adv. — Oa- 
non'lO-alB (-T-kalz), n. pi. Full ofllcial dress 
of the clergy. — Oan'on-ist, n. A professor of 
canon law. — Can^on-1-zatlon (-T-z5'shfin), n. 
The placing the name of a deceased person in 
the catal<^[ue of saints ; state of being sainted. 

S, 9,1, 0,0, long; ft, 6,I,tt,ii,^,alunt; MnlLte, tvent, tdea, Obey, Onite, cAre, iirm, Ask, ||U, finolf 




— Oan'on-lze (kSn'ttn-is), v, t. To place upon 
the catalogue of saints. — Oan'on-ry (-ij^), Oan'- 
on-slllP} n. A benefice in a cathednil or col- 
legiate church, having a prebend annexed to it. 

Oan'O-py (kSn'^-pj^), n. A covering over the 
head.^v. /. [Ganopiko (-pTd); Gasoftino.] 
To cover with a canopy. 

Oant (kSnt), v. /. To incline or place upon the 
edge ; to give a sudden turn or impulse to ; to 
cut off an angle from. ^n. An angle ; an incli- 
nation from a horizontal line ; a sudden thrust. 

Oant (kSnt), n. An affected, singsong mode of 
speaking ; a phrase hackneyed, corrupt, or pe- 
culiar to some profession ; reli|^ousphxaseology ; 
hypocrisy; slang of gjrpeies, thieves, and beggars, 
^o. Affected, inelegant, or vulgar ; — applied 
to language, ^v. t. To speak in a whining voice, 
or with pretension of goodness. — Oant'Of, n. 

Oan't (k&nt). Colloquial contraction for can not. 

Oan'ta-lenp (kSn't&-idop), Oanta-lonpe, n. A 

smaJi variety of muskmelon. 
Oanta-lov'er (kSn't&-i6v/Sr), Oan'tl-lov'or, n. A 

bracket for supporting a balcony, the eaves of a 

house, etc. 
Oan-ta'ta (kSn-tS^tAJ, n. A poem set to music. 
Oan-toon' (kSn-tenO, n. A vessel for liquor; a 

barrack tavern. [Written also cantine.'] 
Oan^r (kXn'tSr), V. i. [GaKtsrbd (- tSrd) ; Gah- 

TBBiNO.] To move in a moderate gallop, ^v. /. 

To ride upon a canter. ^ n. A moderate gallop. 
Oan'tha-XlS (k8n'th&-rTs), n. / pi. Ganthabidbs 

(klbi-thXrT-dez). A beetle used for blistering ; 

a Spanish fly. 
Oan'tt-olo (kbi'tT-k*l), n. ; pi. Ganticlbs (-k*lz\ 

A little song ; pi. th^ Song of Solomon, a book 

of the Old Testament. 
Osnto (kSn'td), n. ; pi. Gamixw (-tSz). A section 

of a long poem. 
Osnton (kSn'ttln), n. A political division of a 

country, —v. /. [Cantoned (-ttind) ; Canton- 

nro.] To divide (territory) into districts ; to 

allot quarters to (troops). — Oanton-iza (-iz), 

V. t. To divide into cantons. — Oanton-mont 

(-ment), n. A district occupied by troops. 
Oanton orape' (kSn'ttin krSp'). A soft, thin, 

silk fabric, for ladies' scarfs, shawls, etc — 

Oanton fUumoL Cotton flannel. 
Oan-tOOn' (kSn-toon'), n. A kind of fustian. 
Oan'vas (kSn'vas), n. Coarse cloth for tents, 

sails, painting, etc. — Oan'vas-lMiCkM-bSkO, n. 

A sea^duck, so named from the marking of its 

Otn'vaBS (kSn'vas), v. /. [Cantvsed (-vast); 

Canyassino.] To sift; to examine thoroughly ; 

to discuss ; to debate ; to go through in the way 

of solicitation, —v. i. To solicit votes, interest, 

subscriptions, etc.^n. Close inspection; dis- 
cussion ; solicitation. — Oan'vaSB-er, n. 
Oail^^ (kS'nj^), a. Consisting of, or abounding 

with, canes. 
Oan'ZO-not' (kSn'zd-n6t'), n. A short song, in 

Oaont^ohonc (koychook), n. India rubber ; gum 

Oap (kSn), n. A covering for the head ; top. — 

v,t [CAFPBD(kSpt); Gappino.] To cover the 

head or top of ; to complete. 
Oa'pa-blO (ka'p&-b'l), a. Possessing ability, ca- 
pacity, or intellectual power ; able ; qualified ; 

efficient; skillful. — Oa'pa-bll'1-ty (-bll'T-ty), 

Oa^-Ufr-noas, n. 

Ot-pa'elOlU (kAppi^ahtts), a. Having capae^; 
Iwrge ; roomy ; spacious ; comprehensive. — (Mr 
pa'dons-ly, adv. — Oa-pa'olona-ness, n. 

Oa-pao'i-t7 (k&-pSs^-tj^), n. Power of receiving 
or containing ; extent of room or space ; ability ; 
capabiUty ; ddll. — Oa-pao'1-tatO (-tat), v, L To 
make capable ; to fit. 

||0ap'-a-pie'(k8p'&-pS'), adv. [OF.] From head 
to foot. 

Oa-par'l-SOn (kA-pXr^T-siin), n. Trappings for a 
horse. ^ v. t. To dress pompously ; to adorn. 

Oapo (kap), n. A neck of land extending into 
the sea ; a headland ; a neckpiece of a garment. 

Oa'per (kS'pSr), v. i. [Capbrbd (-pSrd) ; Gapba- 
Dfro.] To leap sportively ; to skip ; to dance. — • 
n. A frolicsome leap, spring, or jump ; a prank. 

Oa'per (kS'pSr), n. The flower bud of the caper 
bush, used for pickling.— Oaper blisll or troa. 
A genus of shrubs, some of which bear berries, 
and others pods. — Oa'per-lMr'ry (-bSr'rj^), n. 
The fruit of the caper, used as a condiment. 

llOa'pi-as (ka'pT-Ss), n. A writ commanding the 
officer to arrest the person named in it. 

Oap'U-la-ry (kS^-lft-ij^ or k&.pTl'l&.rj^), a. Be- 
sembling a hair; long and very slender; per- 
taining to capillary tubes or vessels.— ^n. A 
fine vessel or canal, esp. one connecting the ar- 
teries and veins. — Oap'U-la'OOOas (Up'Tl-la'- 
shtis), a. Hairlike; hairy. — Oa-pll'la-lliont 
(k&-piin&-ment), n. A filament ; a fine hairlike 
thr^td or fiber. 

Oap'i-tal (kSpT-tol), a. Pertaining to the head, 
or to the forfeiture of the head (or life) ; first 
in importance ; principal ; excellent. — n. Head 




^;i V 

■»' -L 







or upper part of a column ; a chief city or town ; 
stock in trade ; a capital letter. — Oap'i-tal-ly, 

l^rn, recent, drb, rpde, fyllf Am, food, ftfbt, oat, oil, cbair, ^, siny, i||k, then, Ulilk 




adv. In a capital manner ; finely. — Otptttl 
letter. A letter of different form and size irom 
thoee in which the body of a page is printed ; 

th««:-pica CAPITALS and 


■MALL oAriTAM. - Capital stoolc, the fund of a 
trading company. — Oap'i-tal-istf n. A man of 
large property. — Oap'i-tal-izo (-iz), v. t. To 
convert (money or stock) into capital ; to print in 
capitals. — Oap'i-ta'tlon (-ta'shfin), n. A num. 
bering of persons ; tax upon each head ; poll tax. 

Oap'i-tOl (kipa-t51), n. A temple in Rome ; a 
government house. 

Oa-pit'n-lar (k&-pIf6-lSr), a. Belonging to a 
chapter. ^ n. A statute ; a member of a chapter. 

Oa-pit'n-latO (kA^pIf fi-lSt), v. %. To surrender on 
stipulated terms. — Oa-pitn-la^Oll (-la'shiin), 
n. A reducing to heads or articles ; act of sur- 
rendering to an enemy upon stipulated terms ; 
an instrument containing terms of Mreement or 
surrender. — Oa-pifll-la'tor (-IS'tSr), n. 

Oa-poch' (k&-p<R^ch'), n. A monk's hood. 

Oa'^on (ka'p*n or ka^ptln), n. A cock gelded, to 
improve his flesh for the table. 

Oa-l^oa' (kA-presQ, n. Sudden or unreasonable 
change of mind ; fickleness ; a freak ; a whim ; a 
fancy. — 0a-pri'Ci0118 (-prlsh'tls), a. Governed 
by caprice ; whimsical ; unsteady ; captious. — 

Oa-prt'oions-ly, ativ. — Oa-prt'oiona-ness, n. 

Oap'n-COni (kSt/rl-kdm), n. The 10th sign of the 
zodiac, into which the sun enters about Dec. 21. 

Oap'si-Clim (kfip'sl-kiiin), n. A plant producing 
red or Cayenne pepper. 

Oap-Size' (kSp-siz'), v. t. [Cafsizbd (-sizd') ; Cap- 
sizing.] To overturn.^ n. An upset or over- 

OlV'stan (kSp'stSn), n. A machine for weighing 
anchors in ships, or raising a 
great weight. 

Oap'snlo (kSp'snl), n. Seed ves- 
sel of a plant: cup; shell.— 
Oap'sn-lar (-sQ-lSr), Oap'sn- 

la-ry (-la-rj^), a. Pertaining to, 
or hollow like, a capsule. 

Oaptaln (kSp'tTn), n. A com- 
mander of a ship, company, 
etc.; a warrior. — Oap'tain-cy 
(-sj^), n. Rank, post, or commission, of a cap- 
tain ; leadership. — Oaptain-sllip, n. Condition, 
post, or authority of a captain ; skill in war. 

Oap'tlcn (kSp'shttn), n. A certificate affixed to a 
legal instrument ; the heading of a chapter, etc. 

Oap^OTtS (kSp'shtis), a. Apt to find fault or to 
cavil ; petulant ; fretful ; peevish ; perverse. — 
Oap^ons-ly, adv. — Oap'tioiia-noBa, n. 

Oap'UVO (kSp'tTv), n. A prisoner. —a. Made 
prisoner; confining. — Oa]Kti-vatO (-tl-vat), v, t. 
To capture ; to overpower with excellence or 
beauty ; to charm ; to fascinate. — Oap^tl-va'- 
tion (-^'shOn), n. Act of captivating. — Oap- 
tiv'i-ty (-tlv1-ty), n. Imprisonment ; bondage ; 
subjection. — Oap'tor (-tSr), n. One who takes 
a prisoner or prize. — OtUjItliro (-ttir), n. A 
seizing ; seizure ; thing taken. ^ v. i. To seize. 

Oap'n-cnin' (kSp^fi-shen'), n. A monk of the 
order of St. Francis ; a cloak and hood worn by 
women ; a kind of pigeon with a tufted head. 


Oar (kSr), n. A ca4t ; a railroad carriage ; a war 

Oar'a-bino (kXr'&-bin), fi. See Cabbihs. 
Oar'a-OOle (kSr'&-k51), n. An oblique movement 

of ahorse; a spiral staircase.— • v. it To move 

in a caracole ; to wheeL 
llOa-zafO' (k&-r&fO, n. A glass water bottle. 
Oar^a-mol (kitr^ft-mSl), n. Burnt sugar; a kind 

of candy or sweet paste. 

Oar'a-pace (kitr^ft-pas), Oar'a-pax (-pSks), n. 

The upper shell of a turtle, cxab, etc. 

Oar'at (kSr'St), n. A weight of 4 grains, used in 
weighing gems; l-24th part (said of the fine- 
ness of gold). 

Oaz^a-vanCkSr'&.vXn or kSr^A-vSnO^n. A company 
of travelers, pilgrims, traders, or showmen ; a 
wagon or train of wagons, for conveying beasts 
or goods ; a van. — Cara-van'sa-ry (-vSn's*-ry), 
n. An Oriental inn. 

Oar'a-Trt (kftr'&.vBl), n. A light, round, old- 
fashioned ship ; a French fishii^ boat. 

Oar'a-way (k&/&-wa), n. An aromatic plant and 
its seed. 

Oai/bino (kSr^in), n. A short gun, used by 
mounted troops. — OaTbi-neer' (-bl-nSr^), n. 
A soldier armed with a carbine. 

Oar-bollc (k&r-bSl'Tk), a. Pertainmg to an acid 
derived from coal tar and other sources, called 
carbolic acid^ phenic acidj eatdphenolf and used 
as a disinfectant. 

OarHbon (kl&r'bSn), n. Pure charcoaL — Oar'bo- 
na'ooons (kar^bi-im'shOs), a. Pertaining to, 
containing, or composed of, carbon. — Oaz^bOB- 
ato (k&r'bSn-at), n. A salt formed by union of 
carbonic acid with a base. — Oar-bOll'io (-b&i'- 
Tk), a. Of or pertaining to carbon. — Cai^- 
Iran-U'er-ona (-bSn-IfSr-lu), a. Producing, or 
containing, carbon or coal. — OarHbon-lM (-ls)t 
V. t. To convert into, impregnate, or combino 
with, carbon. 

OtoHaof (kSr'boi), n. A globular bottie protected 
by basket work. 

Oaxhmin-Cld (k'ar'bfin-k'l), n. A gem, of deep 
red color, with a mixture of scurlet ; a garnet ; a 
malignant boil. — Oar-bim'cn-lar (-bfinOctt-lSr), 
a. Like a carbuncle ; red ; inflamed. " 

Oar'oaas (kar'kas), n. The dead body of an ani- 
mal ; a corpse. 

Oard (kard), n. A piece of pasteboard, prepared 
for various uses ; a written or published note ; 
pi. a game played with pieces of pasteboard 
bearing distinguishing marks. — Oard ' iMard ' 
( • b5rd ' ), .n. Stiff pasteboard. — Oard'case' 
(-kas^), n. A case for holding cards. 

Oud (kard), n. An instrument for combii^ wool 
or flax, or cleaning the hair of animals. ^ v, i. 
To comb with a cuxL. 

Oar'da-moilL (kar^dft-mfim), n. A plant yielding 
an aromatic seed used in medicine. 

Oar'di-ac (kiir'dl-Sk), Oar-di'a-cal (kiir.di'&.kan, 
a. Pertaining to, or exciting action in, the heart. 
— Oar'di-ao, n. A medicine to stimulate the 
stomach, and animate the spirits ; a cordiid. 

Oar'di-nal (kSr'dT-nal), a. Principal ; chief. — 
n. One of the ecclesiastical princes constitutins 
the pope's council ; a woman's short, hooded 
cloak. — Oar'di-nal-ato (-at), Oar'di-nal-iliip 
(-ship), n. ThejDfflce or dignity of a cardinaL 

Oar-doon' (kSr-doon^), n. A salad plant, resem. 
bling the artichoke. 

Oaro (kfir), n. Anxiety; solicitude; concern; 

fta9>If o, ft, long; A, «, 1,5,0, j^, short itsnAte, dv«at»tdea, ftbey, finite, cAre, ttrm,aBk, nil, final. 




trouble; oversight.^ v. i. [Gabbd (kftrd); 
Cabino.1 To be anxious; to be disposed; to 
heed. — 'Oaro'fnl (kfir'f^l), a. Anxious; cau- 
tious ; watchful ; saving. — 0ar9^1ll-l7i adv. — 
Oaro ' ful - noss, n. — Care ' leas, a. Without 
care; heedless; inattentiye; remiss. — Oaro'- 
lAss-ly, a<;v. — Oare'loss-neaa, n. — Oaro'- 
WOrn' (-worn'), a. Worn or wearied with care. 

Oa-reon' (k&-ren'), v.t&i. [Casiibnbd (-rend') ; 
GAasBMiKG.] To incline to one side, as a ship. 

Oa-roor' (ki-rer'), n. A race; course; proce- 
dure. ^ V. i. To move or run rapidly. 

Oa-rosB' (kA-rSa'), v. t. [Gabessbd (-rSstQ ; Ga- 
BESsiNO.] To treat with fondness or kindness ; 
to fondle ; to court ; to flatter. ^». An act of 
endearment. — Oa-resa'ilig-ly, adv. 

Oa'rst (ka'rSt or kSr'St), n. A mark [ A ] noting 
omisdon in written matter. 

Oar'gO (klir'gd), n. Freight of a ship. 

Oar^l-boa (k&^-boo), n. A quadruped of the 
reindeer kind. [Written also carriJxmA 

Oafi-oa-tliro (kir'T-k&-tur), n. A ridiculous 
likeness. ^ v. t. To make a caricature of ; to 
burlesque. — Oar'i-ca-tU'Xlst (-tu'rist), n. One 
who makes caricatures. 

llOa'rl-es (kS'rl-ez), n. Uloeration of bone. — 
Oa'rl-ons (-tts), a. Affected with caries. 

Oar'i-nato (kSrOT-ntt), Oarl-na'ted (-nS^tSd), a. 

Shaped like a ship's keel. 

Oar'i-Olo (kSrT-ol), ». A small, open carriage. 

Oarl (karl), n. A robust, hardy man ; a rude, 
rustic man ; a kind of hemp. 

Oai'man (kSr'man), n. A man who drives a cart. 

Oar'inino (kSr^min), n. A pigment, of red or 
crimson color, prepared from cochineal. 

Oajr'nase (kSr'naj), n. Slaughter; havoc. 

Gar'nfU (kar'nal), a. Fleshly ; sensual. — Gai'- 
nal-ly* adv. — Oax'nal-lst, n. One given to 
sensuality. — Gar-nall-ty (-nSlT-tj^), n. Sen- 
suality; grossness. 

Oar-na^on (kar-nS'shfin), n. Flesh color; a 
flower, a species of clove pink.— •a. Flesh- 
colored ; pink. 

Oar-nrt'ian (kar-nel'yan), n. A variety of chal- 
cedony, of a deep red or reddish white color ; 

Oar'ne-ons (kSi'ni-Ss), a. Gonslsting of, or like, 
flesh. — Gar'nl-fy (-nl-fi), v. {. To form flesh. 

Gar'nl-val (klu/nl-val), n. A festival celebrated 
with merriment before Lent ; riotous revel. 

Oar-nlT'O-roiUI (kar-nlv'i-riis), a. Feeding on 
. flesh. 

Gar-nOB'i-ty (kSr-nSsT-tj^), a. A fleshy excres- 
cence ; a fungous growth. 

Oar'ol (kSr'&l), n. A song of joy or of devotion. 
^v. t. [Gauoled (-iild) or Gabollbd ; Gar- 
OUNO or GAsoLLiira.] To praise in song. ^v. i. 
To sing ; to warble. 

Oar'om (kSr'iim), n. A shot in billiards, in which 
the ball struck by the cue touches two or more 
other balls. ^ v. i. To make a carom. 

Oa-rot'id (kft-rSt'Td), n. One of the two great 
arteries in the neck. — Ga-rot'id, Ga-ZOt'id-al 
(-T-dal), a. Pertaining to these arteries. 

Ga-ronse' (k&-rouzO, v. i. To .drink in a jovial 
manner, ^t;. /. To drink freely or jovially. — 

Ga-ronse', Ga-rona'al (-rouz'ai), n. A drinking 

match ; a jovial banquet. 
Garp (kSrp), V. i. [Gabfiid (kSrpt) ; Garpino.] 
To censure, cavil, or flnd fault. — Oazp'illg, a. 
& n. Fault-finding. •— Oarp'lBg-ly, adv. 

Gazp (kSrp), n. A soft-finned, fieab-water fiah. 
Gar'pol (kSr'pgl), n. A 

simple pistil, or a part of 

a compound pistil. 
Gar'pon-ter (kar'pSn-tSr), 

n. A builder of houses 

ships. — Gai/Mn-try 



(-trj^), n. Art of build- 
ing; woodwork. 

Gaz^et (kar'pSt), n. Heavy fabric for covering 
fioors.— v. i, [Gabfbtbd; GABFsnNe.] To 
cover with a carpet. — Gax'pet-ilig, n. Materi- 
als for carpets ; carpets in general ; act of cover- 
ing with a carpet. — Gar^^-lMg't n. A travel- 
er's hand bag. 

Gu-pol'0-gy (kSr-p81'ft-jj^), n. That branch of 
botany which treats of seeds and fruit. 

Gar'rlagO (kSr'rlj), n. Act of caning ; convey, 
uice ; vehicle ; demeanor ; behavior ; conduct. 

Gai/rl-er (kSr'rT-Sr), n. One who, or that which, 
carries ; a kind of pigeon. 

Gai/ri-on (kSr'rl-tln), n. The dead and putrefy- 
mg flesh of animals. — a. Belating to, or feed- 
ing on, carrion. 

Gar'roill, n. & v. See Cabom. 

Gar^ron-ada' (kSr^rtin-ad'), n. A kind of short 
cannon, formerly in use. 

Gar^Ot (kSr'rfit), «. A garden vegetable, of a 
reddish-yellow color. — Oar'IOt-y, o. Like a car- 
rot in color or taste. 

GaPly OAr^xf), V. t. [Oabbixd (-rtd) ; Gabby- 
ma.] To convey ; to bear ; to urge : to transfer 
(from one column, page, book, etc., to another) ; 
to effect; to behave; to demean. ^o. i. To 
convey or propel ; to bear. 

Gar'Tf-all' C^fr'rT-ftlO, ». A Mght four-wheeled 

Gart (kSrt), n, A two-wheeled carrii^, for heavy 
commodities, ^v. /. To convey on a cart. — 
Gart'agO (-aj), n. Act of carrying in a cart ; 
price paid for carting. — Gart'ei, n. A teamster. 

llOarte' Uanolia' (kSrt/ bl&NshO. A bhink paper, 
signed by one person, to be filled up as another 
pleases; unconditional terms; unlimited author- 

Gar-toF (kSr-tSl' or k&/t81), n. An agreement for 
exchange of prisoners ; a challenge. 

Gar^-laie (kSr'tMaj), n. Gristle ; an elastic tis- 
sue. ---Gar'tl-laff'l-noiUl (-ISjT-nSs), a. Gristly. 

Gar-toa;'!ra-p]iy (kSr-tSg^ra-f^), n. The art of 
f onxung charts or maps. 

Gai-tOOn' (kSr-toon'), n. A denign or drawing. 

Gar-tench' (k&r-tooch'), n. An architectural tab- 
let or scroll ; a case for balls or cartridges. 

Gartrldge (k&r'trTj), n. A charge for a firearm, 
inclosed in a case or shell. 

Gai/im-Olo (kSr'&n-k'l), n. A small, fleshy ex- 

Garro (kSrv), v.L&i. [Gabvbd (kSrvd) ; Gaby- 
iNa.] To cut (wood, stone, etc.) in a decorative 
manner ; to cut (meat, etc.) into slices ; to ap- 
portion to. — GarY'er, n. — GarY'ing, n. A cut- 
ting wood, stone, etc. ; a device or figure carved. 

llGar'y-at'i-des (kSr'T-SfT-dez), Figuresot 
women, serving to support entablatures. 

Gas'ca-bel (kSs'k&.bSI), n. A knob behmd the 
breech of a cannon. 

Gas-cads' (kSs-kSd'), n. A small waterfall. 

Gase (kSs), n, A covering, box, or sheath ; a box 
and its contents ; the quantity contained in a 
box. — V. L [Gasbo (kast) ; Casino.] To cover 

Unit noent, Orb| ni^ 'V^ ^™i '<^<^ f «A>t, oati oil, eluira co^ ainSt i||kv theoi tbiii. 


ten of tact m 
m of a nbcbuiUTs, indlu- 
tjnc'nacniiiBMlo*! i«I*tli>i> la other windt. 
OunwrrB(kirtiIi'i]'n),t.(. ToUudanClcoa) 

Oua'msut {'ktafmeati, n. 

Oa'M^nu (lu'it-KiJ, a. Of orUka cbetw. 
0Mb (Ubb), n. Colli or ipede ; ludy m 

— V. t. [ClSHRB (kfaht) ; OAlBIHO.l To 

TBit into, or eictmuge for, loonBy. — OUh'' ., 

tnru of mooey. — Oull-l<r' (-SrO, n. Onaln 

TiSl ' ' ' 

DuVli aatV (kbta «- UMB' tl^ A Bns 
Hftp. nude will] oUv« oil Hd vodn. 

OmV1B( (Uiflng), n. Um ut of one who outi ; 
thioff caA io k mold ; wanriu^ of & boai^ — 
OuOBimM. AnetcutuddnwD.lndlitliic- 
tion fiom H net that ii Ht mud tef (- — OuUnC 
Tidiia, Outlu TGta. Tba toU oI > pnaidli^ 
offlou.wtiiohdeddMB question, when UHioteg 
of the liouK nn wiully divided. 

OutltCUinj.n. AfortlBedntidenceifoctren: 

IO.} lodlimiHi 
.. -Iw or from eocie' 
IB (kbta'mit), n. 

iluif for elBwU, et 

OurtB* (ki^Iiut), n. Acotering; BCHeor boi. 
tlCt-ll'Iu(ki>-a>'Dt),n. A bduU couotry houn ; 

OMk (Uck), n.' A nsiU baml-ibtpMI nweL — 

V. I. To put tnto s cuk. 
Ou'krt (U«^»), n. A mnaU cheat lor Jewels, 



lk),'n.' Acfcwrioi 

n^"i'aifi^wt-jf). n. A Urge bird, 

reeemollQfl tbe oetrloh- 
Out (Uit), v. 1. A i. [Cum Cutraa.] To 

throw I to fling ; to boond ; to loim ; to a'— 

Ibta. ^fu Adutlngortbrowli^; a throw; 

thing thrown, or dutuwe through whioh 

thrown i nnotlon ; turn ; Appeumiice ; mien. 
OasU-met(kX^tt-iillt),n. AnlnstrameDtrntl 

to keep tuud Id dnncing. 
Ouf k-war (kief t-wi), n. An itbiindoned 

eon; ATOprobate.^a. Rejected; ueeleu. 
04Bt* jUet), n. AfliedclaMororderlnwc 
Ou^tlu (kle-ia-Utn), B. A go.8mor < 

OufXMM'UA (UCi'tn-li'tM), a. 

OuVn (MefBr), n. One who out 

oruat, to cddUId oondlmenU H 

tsUe; % amaU wheel on a >wi.e 

which lumltura la rolled. 
Ou^tt-nU (UVtI-(At), V. I. Tn punish Caaler. 

br i^iae ; to correct ; to ehaMiae. — 

(JirthgatkB {-Jrt'ahfln), n, Puniihment ; 

ehutlMmenC — Oum-tftar, n. — Oaa^ta- 

t»'TT(«^tt-i9),a. CoTTecIlve; pnnitlre. 

tutor (kl 

kttid of bi 

ehfinVn. The act of gelding. 
Cu^ (Usiti^l), n. A kiniTof hawk. 
OU^-il (Mih'S-ol) - " '— 


S,«,I,B,B,IoDgi *,a,l,a,a,y,ehort;-n*M,aT«nt,Mea,6bair,<lntt«,'lft"ittnm fa> .B ll i <IIMll > 




design ; coming witJumt regnlarity ; accidental ; 
foituitooB ; occaaionaL — n. A vagrant. — Ou^- 
n-al-Iy, adv. By chance; accidentally; occa- 
sionally. — CUut^-al-ty (-ol-tj^), n. An acci- 
dent; death; misfortune. 

Oai^-irt (iKSshtk-Ist), n. One who resolTcs cases 
of conscience. — Oas'n-istic, Oas'il-iB^o-al, 
a. Of or pertaining to casui^ or casuistry. — 
Oaa^lst-ry (-Ts-trj^), n. The science of deter- 
mining right or wrong, or of applying general 
moral rules to particular caises. 

Oat (kSt), n. A domestic animal ; taclde used in 
ships ; a whip ; a game of balL 

Oat'a-ClTSin ( Ut ' a • kllz*m ), n. An eztensiye 
overflow ; a deluge. 

Oafa-comb (kSt^^-kSm), n. A cave or subterra- 
neous place for burial of the dead. 

OaVa-COas'ttcs ( kSt^A-lcous'tTlcs or -kcRto^tTlcs), 
n. The science of reflected sounds or echoes. 

Oara-leo^O (m/MSkftlk)^ a. Wanting a sylla- 
ble at the end. 

Oaf a-lOlKsy (kSfft-lSp^ej^), n. Sudden suspension 
of the senses and of volition. — Oafa-iep^O, 
(-ISp'tTk), a. Pertaining to, or like, catalepsy. 

Oafa-lOgno (kSf &-15g), n. A list or enumeration 
of names or articles arranged methodically. ^ 
V. t. To make a list of. 

Oa-tal^ (k&-tSl'p&), n. A tree having large 
leaves and flowers. 

Oat'a-ma-ran' (kftfA-mA-rSnOi n. A kind of raft 
consisting of pieces of wood lashed together ; 
a vessel with twin hulls ; a scold. 

Oat'a-moimt (kSt'& -mount), n. The cougar; 
the puma ; a lynx. 

Oata-phon'iGS (kSt'&-fQn'Tks), n. sing. The doc- 
trine of reflected sounds. 

Oafa-plaam (kSt^&-pl8z*m), n. A poultice ; a plas- 

Oaf a-pnlt (kSt'&-pliIt), n. An engine for throw- 
ing stones, arrows, etc. 

Oafa-raot (kSf&-rSkt), n. A great waterfall; 
an opacity of the lens of the eye. 

Oa-tarrh' (kA-tar'), n. Inflammation of the mu- 
cous membrane of the air passages ; a cold in 
the head or lungs. — Ga-taxrll'al (-al), a. Per- 
taining to catarrh. 

Oa-tas^tro-pho (k&-tXs'trd-f t), n. The final event ; 
a disaster ; a calamity. 

Oa-taWIW (k&-ta'b&), n. An American red grape ; 
wine made from it. 

Oafboaf (kSt'bSt^), n. A sail boat with one mast, 
placed well forward. 

Oatoll (kSc)i), V. t. [Gauoht (kftt),.or Gatchbd 
(kScht) ; Catching.] To seize ; to take ; to re- 
ceive ; to overtake, —v. t. To be held or im- 
peded ; to spread by infecting, ^n. Act of seiz- 
ing ; that which seizes ; thing caught ; gain ; a 
snatch ; a soi^ for several voices. — GatOlL'er , n. 
— Catcll'lng, a. Gontaerlous ; alluring. 

Oatoblpon-liy (kSch'p8n-nj^), a. Made to gain 
money from the ignorant ; worthless. 

OatOll'lip (kSch'&p), Oaf snp (kftt'stip), n. Sauce 
made from mushrooms, tomatoes, walnuts, etc. 

Oatoh'WOrd' (kitch'wQrdO? ^' ^^o 1<"^ ^o^ o^ 
an actor reminding his successor to speak next ; 
a cue ; the first word of a page inserted at the 
bottom of the preceding page ; a phrase caught 
up and repeated for effect. 

Otfo-Chlso (kSt'S-kiz), v.t. To instruct by 
questions and answers ; to interrogate. — Oaf - 
O-Chlst (kSf ^-kTst), n. One who catechises. — 

Oaf a-OlllBm (-kTs'm), n. Instruction by qt 
tions and answers ; a summary of religious doo- 
trine. — Oaf »^}]ief io (-kStlk), Oaf e-obof io-al 
(-T-kal), a. Pertaining to, or like, a catechism. 

Oaf e-Obn (kSft-ku or -chii), n. An astringent 
vegetable extract. - 

Oaf e-Obn'mon (kSt'^-ku'mSn), n. One learning 
the rudiments of Christianity ; a neophyte. 

Oaf O-gO-ry (kSf^i-rj^), n. One of the highest 
classes to which objects of knowledge can be 
reduced; predicament; state; condition. — Oaf- 
e-gOX'iC-al (-g5r^-kal), a. Pertaining to a cate- 
goi^ ; declarative ; absolute ; positive ; express. 
— Oaf»-gor'io-al-Iy, adv. 

Oaf a-na-ry (kSf^-na-rj^), n. A curve formed by 
a cord hanging freely between two points not in 
the same vertical line. — OafO-na-ry, OafO- 
na'ri-an (-nS'rT-an), a. Relating to, or like, a 
chain. — Oaf O-nate (kSft-nSt), v. t. To con- 
nect, in a series of links. — Oaf ^nation (-nS'- 
sh&n), n. Union of parts ; regular connection. 

Oater (kS'tSr), v, i, [Gatsbbd (-tSrd) ; Catsb- 
iNO.] To provide food ; to purvey. — Oatsr-tr, 
Gator-OSS, n. 

Gaf er-pll^lar (kSfSr-pIiaSr), n. The larval or 
worm state of insects. 


Oaf er-wanl (kSt^r-wal), v. i. To cry as cats. 

OatOS (kats), n. pi, Food ; viands ; dainties. 

Oafllall^ (kSfflshO, n. A voracious fish; the 
bullhead, homed pout, etc. 

Oaf gnf (kSf g&t'), n. Gord made from inteo- 

Ga-tluuOlo (kft-thSrUTk), a. Gleansing «he 
bowels ; laxative, ^n. A purgative medicine. 

Ga-tho'dral (k&-the'dral), n. The principal 
church in a diocese. 

Oath'O-Uo (kSth'i-lYk), a. Universal or general ; 
not partial or narrow-minded; pertaining to 
the Ghurch of Rome or ite adherents. ^ n. An 
adherent of the Roman Gatholic Ghurch. — 
Oath'O-lio'i-ty (-lls^-tj^), n. Doctrine of the 
Ghristian church ; Catholicism. — Oa-tholl-oism 
(k4-th511-slz*m), n. Liberality ; adherence to 
the Ghurch of Rome. — Oa-tholt-oiza ( - siz ), 
V. t. & i. To become or to make catholic or 
a Roman Gatholic. 

Gafkin (kSfkln),!}. Anament; a kind of inflo- 

Gafllng (kStHTng), n. A little oat ; a surgeon's 
double-edged dismembering knife. 

Oafnlp" (kIt'nTp'), Oafminf (-mTnf), n. An 
aromatic plant sometimes used in memcine. 

Oa-toptrio (k&.tSp^trlk), Oa-toptzlo-al (-trf. 

kal), a. Relating to catoptrics, or vision by re- 
fiection. — Oa-toptzlOS, n. ting, Tb» science 
of reflected light. 
Gaf S'-^e' (kMs'iO, n. A quarts or chalcedony, 
exhibiting reflections from within, like the eye 
of a cat ; chrysoberyl. 

Oaf s'-paW (kXts'pi^Ot *»• ^ Ugl>^ <^i'> rippling 
the surface of the water; a dupe or tool of 

OaftlO (kSt't'I), n. pi. Domestic quadrupeds ool* 
lectively, esp. those of the bovine genus. 

fSm, recent, drb, r^de, f^, ftm, fdod, fdbt, oat, oil, ebair, bo» sing, ink, then, tllill<' 

OCHl^du (kD-kPibiTi), a. Bela«liii to U« | Oft-TKlV (U-itr^ OnvOtf (Uf^«), •. Tte 

lodo-EuTopaui nee, and tbv raj« onnutLog ' td» of csrtntai fltb, prepuw] >nd nUad. 
DSUMt. GUCHU. OlVU (Uv^l), r. t. [ClTUDOrCxTILUD(-IU}: 
Ottftai I'kykiUh n. A pnpustaiT nmtliv far Cinuvs or CAiiLuni.] To niae cutku ob- 
gsUUal punnH.— >■<. [CiuouiiD ■ 

On'Oil (kj^dol), a. PnUlolng to thf 

inf k IkiL or tul-llkfl upendue. 

OlT'l-tr (UTa-tf), «. A hoUinr pUa i hollow. 

OauU (km), imp. & y. p. of CiitB, 
Oaar(Ml)i "• A net W Ibe h«d i ■ 

Oaa-utlDn (kH-d'ahfia), n. TliSKtofcaa 
tha A^Dcj by which Jin effect ii produced. 

(taWa-Uva (k|t'i4-tlT). a. EiprwiDg ■ ~ 
ouul ; ciiuoiig. — OaWK-tlTt-lr, "rfv. 

(taut (kni), B. That which pniducv or ettecU 

Uedi without iiu 

._7 <km'wt), fctfie? (k»'ij)."- A 

rviMd wfey over wet gfound. 
OwVtio (^ETk), a. DertnicUre to the tutare 

ol feny thing ; burning ; comMive i ntlTital ; 

— OautlMd-Ir. odtJ. In B cuutic or woRre 
muiWT. — 0«B*-tlOl-tr (-tIlT4f ). n. QnlUty 

pI, HUliig iron. — Dl 


ApphcAjian at c: 

T«r-T "wt 

— Onftn-t-u'Ui- 
biff or lemring. — ( 

^F" Burning b j • hot iron 

by cmuBtlc medlciiie, pttifnti/ii 

OaU'tlOIl (kR-rfiBn), n. Prude 

To wMn. — Ontlon-i-rf (-i-i*), a. 
tng wsming ; livcn ig ■ plBclgB. — 

(-»hiii), 0. Prudor'- - -' 

0«Htlpll»-ly. nrfp. - 
Otyal-Btav (ki.'al-l 

diinfuL ~ 0«T'l-llirty, adv. 
OgT'«I-rT (UTTO-rt), n. Mounte 
Oare <kay), n. A hollow plue 

(kirf)': CiTura.] ' To mrte hoi 
dwell Id a »» ; CO fdl (in) : to co1Up», 
IIOa'V»<t (WrMt), s. |;L.,letlilmbewBTa.] 


0«ui-dlji» "rfi-fc^n) <^"i" 

n A plan oT he Foppy fuoQj 
Oii'B-lnate (Bflt-brat), c. I. To pnlH ; to eitol; 

to Mltinieraprats ; to BOleniniia. — Oil'r-lTint, 

0«l'»-1ir»'tM: (-1 

memnatlon. — Ot^ltVtl-rj (i 

The conditirai of being celebrsua ; rf 

0«-lSI^-tT (Bt-lir^t;), n. Bwlftiuwa ; 
□•I'n-T (iSl'Sr-i'l, n. A hIiuI pluC ol 

0*U <i«1), n 

it ra^iX),'. -, 

OtllAI (sniSr), » 
0»ia»r-M» (tj), "• B.™.»tloii (or t, c 
h ; H HrleB oirellan connected ; fltorige In K < 
■D Ortlo (chgnt), n. AriolonceUo. 
ro , Oellll-lllia (igl'll-loid), B. A compgriBon 

igal prbceedin; 
1, lodged In the 
gbt iiUksnoi 

BdoKrip- 0»lt(8nt|,n. 

... . ^ patent offli 

befora the petcnt right u taken oat, to prote 

It from Infriuement ; b wuulnf ; « proteit. 

OgT'on (Uvilni), n. A deep, faollow place 

or caTema ; hollow. 


ancient r 

l,S,l, 8.«,loDf 1 «, «,!, ft, 0,}, .1 

Ft I unaie, flveot, Idea, abej, Onite, oftni Onnt Aik, fU, dno^ 




Oo-inont' (sft-mSnf or aSm'Snt), n. An adhesive 
substance for uniting bodies to each other, as 
mortar, glue, etc. ; bond of union. ^ (sli-m6nt'), 
V. t. & i. To unite by the use of cement ; to 
unite firmly and closely. —Oom' en- taction 
(sSm'Sn-tS'shiin or sS'men-), n. A cementing. 

Oem'O-ter-y (sSm'S-tSr-j^), n. A burial place; 
a churchyard ; a necropolis. 

Oen'O-Ute (sfin'S-bit or se'n$-), n. A monk dwell- 
ing in a convent or community. — Om'O-lllt'iC 
(-bltOfk), Oen/O-Wrio-al (-I-kal), a. Living m 
community; monastic. 

Oon'O-tapll (aSn'd-tSf), n. A monument to one 
buried elsewhere. 

Oon'sor (sfin'sSr), n. A vase in which incense is 

Oen'ior (sfin'sSr), n. A Roman magistrate ; one 
who decides as to the publication of books, etc. ; 
a harsh critic. — Oon-Sf/rl-al (-s5'rT-al). a. Be- 
longing to a censor. — Gm-SO'ri-Olts (-iis), a. 
Fault-finding; caviling; captious; severe. — 
Oen-sa^-ons-ly, adv. — OftA-sf/rl-oiu-neBS, n. 
— Oon'ser-iliip (-sSivshlp), n. The office or 
dignity of a censor. 

Om'snre (sSn'shur), n. Blame; disapproval; 
reprimand. ^ v. /. [Gensuebo (-shurd); Css- 
SUBIMO.] To condemn; to reprove; to reprehend. 
— Oem'snr-a-ble (-&-b*l), a. Worthy of censure ; 
culpable ; reprehensible. — Oen'snr-a-blfr-XLOBS, 
n. — 0«n'8iir-a-1)l7i adv, 

Otn'SIUI (sSn'sfis), ». An official enumeration of 

Oent (s8nt), n. A hundred ; as, 10 per cent; an 
American coin, worth the 100th part of a dol- 
lar. — Gent'age (-aj), n. Rate by the cent, or 
hundred; percentage. — Oen'tal (-tal), n. A 
weight of 100 pounds avoirdupois ; a hundred- 
weight. ^ a. Relating to a hundred. 

Oen'tanr (sSn'tf^r), n. A fabulous being, half man 
and half horse. 

Oen'tO-na-ry (sSn't^na-if ), a. Relating to, or 
consisting of, a hundred ; occurring once in 100 
years. ^ n. The aggregate of 100 single things ; 
a century. — Ora'te-na'ri-an (-nS'rT-an), a. Of 
or relating to 100 years, ^n. A person 100 years 
old. — Oea-ten'nl-al (-tSn'nT-al), a. Belonging 
to the hundredth anniversary ; happening once 
in a himdred years, ^n. A celebration of an 
event which occurred 100 years before. 

Oem'ter (sSn'tSr), Omtro, n. The middle point. 
—V. /. [Cbntekbd (-tSrd) or Centred; Cen- 
tering or Centring.] To place on the middle 
point ; to concentrate. ^ v, i. To be placed in a 
center ; to be central or concentrated. 

Gen'ter-blV (sfin'tSr-blt^), Oft&tre-bir, n. A bor- 
ing instrument turning on a central point. 

Oem-tesl-inal (sSn-tSs'T-mal), a. Hundredth ; by 
the hundred. 

Oem'tl-grade (sSn'tl-grSd), a. Having 100 de- 

Oemtl-graiii (sSn'tT-grSm), Gentl-gramme, n. A 
measure of weight, the 100th part of a gramme, 
equal to .15432 of a grain. 

GftA'tl-U'ter (sSn'tT-le^tSr or sSn-tTlT-), Gentl- 
U'tiro, n. A measure of capacity, the 100th part 
of a liter, or six-tenths of a cubic inch. 

llGen'tlma' (saN^tem'), n. A small French coin, 
the 100th part of a franc. 

Oen^-me'ter (sSn'tT-me^tSr or sSn-tTm'^-)* Gen'- 
tl-me'tre, n. A measure of length, the 100th 
part of a meter, or .3937 of an English inch. 

Gmtl-pod (s8n'tT-p6d), n. A species of land aiw 
ticulates, having many feet. L^ritten also cen- 
tipede (-ped).] 

Gan-to (sgu'td), n. A piece made up of passages 
from different authors. 

Gontral (sSn'tral), a. Relating to, in, or near, 
the center. — 0«n'tral-l7, adv. — Gon-tral'i-ty 
(-trSl'Y-tj^), n. The state of being central. — 
Oantxal-ize (sSn'tral-iz), V. t. To bring to a 
center. — Oen'tral-l-za'llOlL (-T-zS'shiin), n. Act 
of centralizing. — Oan'tre (sSn'tSr), n. Same as 
Center. — GontrlO (-trlk), Gontrlo-al (-trl- 
kol), a. Placed in the center or middle ; cen- 
trsJ. — Oon'trlc-al-ly, adv. In a central posi- 
tion. — Oan-trlo'l-ty (-trTs'Y-tj^), n. The btate 
of being centric. 

Gen-trifn-gal (a6n-trTf'd-gal), a. Tending to re- 
cede from the center. — Oon-trip'e-tal (-trlp'S- 
tal), a. Tending toward the center. 

llGan-tnm'Vir (sSn-ttim'ver), n. / »/. Centumvou 
(-vY-ri). A Roman judge who decided common 
causes among the people. — Gon-tnlll'Tl-ral 
(-vT-ral), a. Pertaining to the centumviri. 

GMl'tU-ple (s6n'tii-p'l), a. Hundredfold. ^ v. t. 
& i. To increase a hundredfold. 

Gon-lll'Xl-al (sSn-tu'rl-til), a. Relating to a cen- 

Gan-tn'rl-on (s6n-tu'rT-iin), n. A Roman captain 
of 100 men. 

Gem'tu-ry (s€ntd-rj^), n. A hundred ; a hundred 

Ge-pballo (s^-fSl'Tk), a. Pertaining to the head. 
~^ n. Medicine for headache. 

Gaph'a-lo-ped (sSf '& - 16 - p5d), Geph ' a - lo - podo 

(-pod), n. A mollusk having long arms, which 
hi some species are furnished with suckers, — as 
the devilfish and octopus. 

Oe-ram'iC (s^-rSmlk), a. Pertaining to pottery. 
— Ge-ram'ics, n. The art of making pottery, 
tiles, etc., of baked clay ; work formed of clay 
and baked. [Written also heramic, etc.] 

Ga'rate (se'riLt), n. Ointment composed of wax, 
oil, etc. — Go'ra-tod (-r&-t6d), a. Covered with 

Gere (sSr), v. t. [Cbbed (serd); Cbrino.] To 
wax, or cover with wax. — Oara'clOftll' (-kloth^), 
n. A waxed doth. — Gare'mont (-ment), n. 
Cloth saturated with melted wax, for embalming. 

Oo're-al (se'r^l), a. Pertaining to edible grain, 
as wheat, rye, etc. ^ n. Any edible grain. 

Ger'e-l)el (sSr'^-bei), Go/e-lielliimC-bSiniim), n.; 

pZ. E. Cerebellums (-Itimz), L. Cerbbella (-1&). 
The hinder and lower division of the brain. 

Oer'e-bnim ^sSr'^-brfim), n. The superior and 
larger division of the brain. — Gox'^liral (-bral), 
a. Pertaining to the cerebrum. 

Ger'e-mo-ny (i^r'£-mi-nj^), n. Outward rite; 
forms of civility. — GeTO-mo'lll-al (-m^nT-al), 
a. Relating to ceremony, or external rite ; rit- 
ual.^ n. An established system of rules and 
ceremonies. — Gar'e-mo'nl-al-ly, adv. — Ger'O- 
mo'lll-CIUI (-Qs), a. Consisting of, or according 
to, prescribed or customary rules and forms; 
precise; formal. — Gor'e-mo'lll-OILI-ly, adv. 

Ger'talXL (sSr'tTn), a. Sure; regular; undenia- 
ble ; one or some. — Gei/taln-ly, adv. Without 
doubt or question ; in truth and fact ; without 
failure. — Oei/tain-ty (-tj^), n. Full assurance^; 
established fact ; truth. 

Oer-tlf'1-catO (sSr-tlfY-klLt), n. A written testi- 
mony or declaration. ^ (-kat), v. t. To verify 

ani, TCoenti 4Mh ni^ 'V^ ^^^™« ^<^^ ftf^ oat, oil, diair, bih tiiiSi >tt^ th«ii| ttiilk 


Iw, or fnnil*)) wltb, a certUnla. - 
ttaB (aSi'tl-n-U'ihaii), B. Act 01 ceiuiyins, 
0»rtl-ij (aSi'tl-O), V. L TatuUfytobiwcltiug; 
to ^*« certain infoRiution of or lo. — Ovr'tt- 

OaPti-tBds (•er'tl-tildj, n. ^nedamfromdouliti 


Ct'nLM(iS'rHi),B. WhlCelwd; utiTearboute 

OoM-o&l (■ii'rT-kal), 3. Belonting to the neck. 
Otl'TUl* (aai/vin), K. Pertuning to dser. 

OwWthn (iBt^allW), n.' A hli>p; ■ reX! ■ 


age; aeenipooL 

a pnfldipg officer of An u 

Oktii'muirililp, n. Tbe office Dl 
IbllU (ihii), n. A Ino-whsglwl, < 

(UH-ud'^-IlT (ua-Btdt-Df or kXI' 
A tfAaaluceut qumrti, luuaJly wfait 
and having a luBtor Llka wai^ 

""*—*' ™"'3!Sl or chjtl'-), n. 
irallf 36 bualieli). 

kind. — 0*-W'l>-|T T- 
Natunl hiatorv 01 ceti 
P. I. [Ch* 

«! r 

to tret ; to be worn 1^ nibbing. — n. 
dufV (cbVIiir}, B. An iiuel:!, th 
rawftrr^^'flp^), B. A forgo « 

r (ch. 

, [Cha 

ro.] To b«g^n 


OklMllf Olsh' (cluing dlah'). Adiahori 

for hot cojUfl. 
Obi-(TMa' (>bi-Eraii'), B. See Saaeunr. 
Obl-uil' laht^In' or-grBn'), n. Ill-humor; 

(.grind' or -grAul'); CtU- 
Oblbl (iSsn), n. A line oJ I 


I.),-. A 

O&llk (chr^), B. A white alcareoui eanh.— 
V.I. [CBiuuDtchakt); CHussra.] To rub 
or mark with cbUk. — DkAlk^ (-J), a. Coo- 
talning or like etaalk. — OkaUrflWM, b. 

OiMllMILga (cUaiBnJ), ». A uunmona to c«i- 

to cUlm;'to object to (a Juror or Volar).— 

01iKl1(ac*«->lB (-*-bn). a. — Ob>yiam-cir, n. 

OhallU (ahXI'lIIJ, n. A twillad.flnewookendnaa 

Otat-lylCMto (k*-nb^-»t), a. ImprecnaM *^ 

OhlBl'btr (chini'My). B. A retired room i»oom- 

wmbly meata, and the aaMmbly Itiell.— e. i. 
To lodge; to be wnnton. — v. t, [CBtamcp 

aiiun'ba-laln(cliImlidr4lD),n. Odo In chaise 

ahimlMi-milll' (cblm'bai-niU'), 'n. A woman 

Oha-maa»«ii (kt-meat-Eu), b. A liianllike rep- 
tile, whose color It chjugeable- 

ft,S,I,S,a,loilg{ ft. •,!,&, ft, t,al 

t i •eolu, annt, tdw, Abay, AMI*, ofaa, kriB, Aak, ^ loa^ 





(-4-biy), adv. — 
Inconstant ; full of 

Ohflnoe (ch&ns), n. An unforeseen occurrence ; 

accident ; luck ; possibility ; opportunity. ^ v. i. 

[Chanced (ch&nst) ; Chancing.] To happen. 

^a. Casual; fortuitous; accidental. 
Ghan'oel (chSn'sSl), n. That part of a church 

where the altar stands. 
Ohaua'OOl-lor (ch&u'sSl-ler), n. An ofBcer of state ; 

the chief justice of a court of chancery or equity. 

— Ghan'COl-lor-Shlp, n. The office of chancel- 
lor. — Glian'cer-y (-Ber-f ), n. A high court of 

Ohan'oro (shSn'kSr), n. An ulcer. — Ohan'- 
crous (-krli3)ra. Ulcerous. 

Ghan'de-ller' (shSnM^ler'), n. A support for 
candles, lights, etc. 

Chail'dler (ch&n'dl8r), n. A 
dealer in candles or certain 
other goods. — Ohan'- 
dl6r-7 (-f), n. Commodi- 
ties sold by a chandler. 

Change (chanj), v. t. & i, 
[CHANOBD(chanjd); Chan- 
ging.] To alter ; to ex- 
change ; to vary. — n. Al- 
teration ; variety ; small 
money. — Ghango^a-blo 
(-&-bn), a. Subject to 
change; variable; fickle; 
unstable ; mutable. — 
Oliango'a-bU'i-ty (-&- 
1108S, n. — Gliango'a-bly 

OhangOful (chSnj'fyl), a. 

change. — Ghangeliil-ly, adv. — Ghango'fnl- 
ness, n. — Ghange'lOSS, a. Not admittmg al 
teration ; constant. — Oliange'llXLg (chanjifng), 
n. A child left or taken in place of another, as 
by fairies ; one apt to change. ^ a. Taken or 
left in place of another. — Ohan'ger, n. 

Ohan'noi (chSn'nSl), n. The bed of a stream of 
wat6r ; course ; furrow ; groove. ^ v. /. [Chan- 
NBLBD (-nSld) or Channsllbo; Ghannbling 
or Channelling.] To cut into channels. 

Ohant (ch&nt), V. t. or i. To sing ; to celebrate in 
song. ^n. A song ; a melody ; a musical reci- 
tation without muiadcal measure. — Ohant'er, n. 

— Gliant'ross, n. A female singer. 
Ohan'tl-Oleer (chSn'tT-klSr), n. A cock. 
OhanVry (ch&nfrj^), n. A chapel where masses 

are celebrated. , 

Oha'OS (ka'Ss), n. A confused mass of matter. — 

Gha-OVlO (ka-St^k), a, Besembling chaos; 

Ohap (chSp or chSp), v. i. & i, [Chaffed (chSpt 

or chSpt) ; Chaffing.] To crack ; to split. — 

n. A cleft ; a gap ; a chink, 
lliap (chSp), n. The jaw ; — generally in plural. 
)llip (chSp), n. A man or boy ; youth ; fellow. 
I Cha'par-ral' (ch'd^p&r-r&l'), n. A thicket of low 

evergreen oaks. 

Gha'pean' (sh&/p6')i ».; pi* Chafeaux i-ptzf). 
A hat. 

Ohap'Ol (chSp'Sl), n. A place of worship ; a meet- 
inghouse. — Ghap'el-ry ( -ry ), n. The bounds 
or jurisdiction of a chapel. 

Oliap'ttr-OIl (shSp'Sr-Sn), n. A matron who ac- 
companies a young lady in public — v. t. To 
guide and protect ; to matromze. 

Ghap^all'en (chSp^f^l^'n), a. Having the lower 
jaw depressed ; dejected ; dispirited. 

Oliap'i-ter (chSp/T-tlr), n. A capital of a column. 

Oliaplalxi (chSp^lTn), n. A clergyman In the 
army, navy, public institution, etc. — Ohap'- 
laln-cy (-4^), Ohap'laln-shlp, n. Office, busi- 
ness, or revenue of a chaplain. 

Ghap'let (chSp'lSt), n. A garland or wreath; 
a string of beads used in counting prayers. 

Ghap'man (chSp'man), n. A deader ; a peddler. 

Ghaps (chSps), n. pi. The mouth or jtMs. 

Gh^ter (chS{/tSr), n. A division of a book or 
treatise ; a branch of some society. 

Ghar (char), v. /. [Chabbed (chSrd) ; Chabbing.] 
To reduce to coal ; to bum to a cmder. 

Ghai/ac-ter (kSr'Sk-tSr), n. A mark or letter; 
distinctive quality ; a person ; reputation. — 
Ghar'ac-tor-l8tio (kSx^Sk-tSr-tst^k), a. Con^ 
stituting or indicating character; peculiar, ^n. 
That which constitutes or marks the character ; 

trait. — Ghar ac-ter-ia'tlo-al-ly, adv. — Ghar'- 
ac-t«^ize (kSr^k-tSr-iz), v. t. To distinguish, 
mark; or express the character of ; to describe ; 
to entitle. . 

Gha-radfl' (sh&^rSdO> n. An enigma in which a 
word and its syllables are to be guessed from 
descriptions or representations. 

Ghar'GOal' (char'kolOt n. Coal made by charring 

Gharge (chlbrj), v, t, [Chabgbd (chSrjd) ; Chab- 
GiNG.] To impose; to enjoin or request ear- 
nestly ; to put to the account of (as a debt) ; to 
accuse of (a crime) ; to load ; to rush upon ; to 
attack. ^ V. i. To make an onset. — • n. Care ; 
command ; injunction ; cost ; price ; onset. — 
Gharga'a-hlO (-&-bU), a. Ascribable; expen- 
sive ; burdensome. — Ghazgo^a-hle-ness, n. — 
Ghargo'a-hly, adv. At great cost. — Ohaif- 
gor (-jer), n. A war horse ; a large dish. 

WfShax'^hf d'af^falros' (shiu/zhS' d&f'ffoO. An 
inferior diplomatic representative at a foreign 

Ghai/i-ly, Ghar'i-iiesB. See under Crabt. 

Ghar'1-Ot (chSr^-5t), n. A carriage of state or 
pleasure. — Ghaia-Ot-MT^ (-S^> n* The driver 
of a chariot. 

Ghar'i-ty (chSrOf-t^), n. Kindly feeling to oth- 
ers ; love ; liberality ; alms. — Ghar ' 1 - ta - hie 
(-t&-b*l), a. Full of love and kindness ; gener- 
ous ; beneficent. — Ghar ' 1- ta - hlO • nOM, n. — 

Ghar'l-ta-hly, adv. 

Ghar'la-tan (8har'l&-tan), n. A quack ; mounte- 
bank. ~ Gharla-tan-lam (-Tz*m), GharOa-tan- 
ry (-ry), n. Quackery. 

OharlOttO Rvaso' (shUraSt rus'). A dish com- 
posed of custard or whipped cream inclosed in 

Gharm (chSnn), n. Mi^ic power ; enchantment ; 
spell ; fascination, ^v. t. &, i. [ Chabmed 
(chSrmd) ; Chabhing.] To delight ; to please 
greatly ; to bewitch ; to fascinate. — Gham'ar, 
n. — Oharm'ing, a. Enchantmg; delightful. 
— Gharm'lBg-ly, adv. 

Ghar'nol (ch'ar'nSl), a. Containing remains of 
the dead. — Ghamol house. A tomb or vault 
for bodies of the dead. 

llGluu/ple (6har'p$),n. Lint for surgical dressings. 

Chart (chSrt), n. A map of the sea with Its 
coasts, etc. — v. i. To map. 

Ghar'ter (char'tSr), n. A deed, or convejrance ; 
a patent ; a grant. — v. t. [Chabtebbd (-tSrd) ; 
Chartebing.] To establish by charter ; to hire 
or let (a ship, etc.). 

Ghar^ (chftr'y or cha'r^), a. Careful ; cautious ; 

fCm, recent, 6rb, r^^de, f^ll, Am, ftfbd, f tfbt, out, oU, chair, go, ting, ink, then, thfak 
H. S. Dlct.-7. 

■ha priHt in lulu; miH. 
Otalt fchft), n, i. JCaiT- 

Llfbt, (uniUu 

t.lUTUDI (-ttl'). ACW 

OlUf '»l*t [•hitt-IEt or tblf. 
t'-Jt'), n. A Utile cutlF. 
— OlMf«l-U-nT (■ihlt'Cl- 
U-Df), n. Jnnadictloaof 

(OinBl fnhlft'l). n. Any ^ 

jibb«r 4 to Uilk iiJly 

utty(-M),fi. Sm undir CBtT, V. t. 
1»V (chSp), n. 0( Job price ; of littta ■ 

■WD (-p-nd); iThufibwo.! To uttso 
buy ; to rh.ffer tor ; to beit down tho prire of. 
— OhMffM-u, n. — OhwwTr. "d"- At « lo" 

— OhMP'M- 


Obgok (chA). n. Reitnu 

. To defraud ; : 
Ht'ar, n. 

. . , : JDlly. — ' 

iBl-lr. a<''-— OhMI'lBl UU. n.— 

OkMI^. ObNT^, 0. ChMrfnl ; g*y ; enllTen- 
Ing— Ddr. BemnUj. — OhMrt-lT (l-lj), odR 

- ; gJooDiy ^ dreuy. — , 

: (chBi), n- Curd of milk, c«bfnljkt«d tu 
«d. — DhMI'7 (-D, a- '"-- -"- — 

A cjika of curdB, naa^t, tuid 
•■moB'cn (-mOn'gar), n. A 

oaVTC tital'dC 

Wit-)- bo A ■ 

See under C aiMim T. n. 
' (Bht-mSft'). n. A wODuu^B undor-gu 
Ohm't-Mttf (eMm't-ttf ), n. AnuB' 

OhaH'llt (Um^Bt), f>. OiwveTH^inchemlitiTi 
■ denier in dmpi. — OkaBl^-tir (UnilB-tif \ 
n. ScisDce ot the compodtiou and coditltu' 
tkmitl chuige* of nibMuctn. — OltlBiG <-Tk). 
akwnto-al (l-knl). a. PerUlDlsKtAobeniiitn 

— OboBlO-ll-lT. "df. — OlMB'i»4l.fl. AMlb 

C^ ThBM words were loniisriy written witl 
V or I, liin»d of ', tu tba Bnt •citable, cAymfftrv. 

Oh»-Iimf lihr-nel')..''- Tufted cord, o( allk OP 

Dhaqiii |Dh«k). 1 

, [Cra 

ra] To 

Obai'ta-nau (kSriit-ub). n. A pcDim 

Ohnt (rh$rl), n. A fllntlike quart! ; h 
OSann (cliSr'ab), jl. ; pi. CireaoM, H 

besutiful child. — Ofca-mliio (ch*- 
OSHTlTllo-ll (-bT-kal), a. Annelic. 
Oliau |;:hgs). n. A fnuiie played by tw 

>; toio' 


■.«.!, B, Otlg^i K, «, 1,0,0, f, A 

T, fiidte, eftra, Hrm, iak, nil, aiMri) 

le body lacloBed by th 

OtasiVnnt (chea'aflt), n. 

vned with Bpiku, uaed foi 

Ohew (cbB), T. I. & i. [CmwBD (ohwrt) ; Ceiw- 

IBo.l Togrjnd withl)iete«th; toDuaUcate. 
IOW-6lH«ll»'(chI-bC»'),0U-lim«k',n. ATnrk- 
, [SiDnsF] 
I srtillcu. — OU-OMI'- 

teraOng codse ; Hucoory : Badlve. 
Ohldt (chid), v,l,Sci. limp. Chid (chid), 01 
CHon«.(chSd) ; p. p. Chiddeb (ohld'd'n), Cioi 


Kold ; t 

OUal (chef), n. Highcit In rank; prlndpaL — 

Ohlrtly, ndf- PrinclpaUy; aboiealli mofflly. 
-Ohtoi'Uln (-.tin), n. CapMic; iHulsr. - 
OblaJtHn-oy (-»;). OhldtRln-iUp, n. Rimk 

lOM'gnon (ahYn'yBn; F. >h8'ny8n0,o. A knot 

ObUtlala' (chll'blui'). n. AblilDorun,CAiiHd 

Oll£a (eMd), Childmh [chn'drBn). A 
■oi; ot daURhlsr ( a aoscendant. - dUiA'V.TOf 
(-biirtli'], 1- The »ct of bringini! forth B child ! 
trmmU; Ubor. — OMId'hood (-hcBd), n. The 
iCate ot a child ; time of being a child. - OhUd'- 

child. -~ OUlllMS-ntU, n 

VbOa^tA (kl 

thouaand y«i 

OUlKchTI), n 

CHiujKa.J loeooL — OMU'yMl, rt. Bt 

OUslt (chim), ti. Hamionioo sound of miu 

Ohlnv (chin)) n- The backbone -, put of ■ harttd 

0U-llwl«'%hVnM'or-n8>>),a'! Of or perUtain^ 
to China. — n. A nalivo, the people (collec- 
tiTClyl, or the language, of China. 

OUnk (cbliih), n. A cleft or fluure i a gap or 

partoropeo; tafillupthe'chinkiof.— OMnllY 

OllilllE (chlDk), n. A ehort, sharp Mund, aa sf 
metal lightly atnick ; money ; cath. — v.t.&i. 

Ofal^n^k" (chCp'nSnk'), n. A Hgulrrel'lika 
animal, alw called UHpid tguiml and hatki*. 

Ohtroj^-phn (kt-rVci-fgr), B. A penman. - 
OM-Kit''>'Vl>T (-O)i n- One's awn handwrtk 
mg ; pemnanahip. -^ OM'rO-er«pll'iO (kl'r*- 
grSfrrii). n. Peitatning to chiroaraphy. — OU- 
lOl'O-fy (kt-r51'S-)J), n. The art of talking by 
the handn ; dactylolofry. ~ GU'ra-muL'oy fki'. 

hand; ^lmr»tTy. — cJii!™op'»AW (k't-riip'i- 

Ohlip '(cli'^fp). r. i. [CHiBPaD (chSrpl) ; 

CmsflNfl.] To make the .harp nd« of fl| 

His, ciieketmetc.-t.(. To enliTen. ft 

— B. ABhQrl.BharpnoiBe.— OllllT'ir.n. U 

OMVel tchli'n), n. A tc 

Um, nssnt, Arbi ryde, Iq 

fd1>t, «ut, oil, Gluii, ■ 




Oklt'olUt (chTt'chSt), n. Familiar or trifling 
talk ; prattle ; gosaip. 

OlliT^al-ry (ahWal-rf ), n. Knight errantry ; 
valor ; courtesy. — OniVal-rio (-rTk), OlliT'al- 
rons (-r&8), a. Relating to chivalry ; knightly ; 
magnanimous. — Olllv'ld-roiUI-ly, adv. 

OlllTe (chiv), n. A small species of onion. 

OUo^nl (kUKrod), n. A sedative drug obtained 
by action at chlorine upon alcohol. — Ohlo^te 
(-rtt), n. A salt of chloric acid. — OUo'rlc 
(-rTk), a. Pertaining to, or obtained from, 
chlorine. — OUo'rlde (klo'rTd or -rid), n. A 
compound of chlorine with another element. — 
OUO-rld'io (klS-rTdTk), a. Pertaining to a 
chloride. — OUo'rlno (klo'rin or -rin), ». A 
heavy gas of greenish color. 

OMo'ro-ranil (klS'rd-fdrm), n. An oily, volatile 
liquid, consisting of carbOn, hydrogen, and chlo- 
rine, and used to produce insensibility. ^ v. i. 
To treat with chloroform, or place under its in- 

OhOOk (chSk), V. t [Crockbd (chSkt) ; Cboox- 
xno.1 To stop or fasten as with a wedge or 
block; to scotch. ^v. i. To fill up. ^n. A 
wedge or block, to prevent motion.^ adv. En- 
tirely ; quite. — OllOOk'-fllll' (-<VlO> <>• Com- 
pletely f uU. 

Oheo'O-lata (chSk't-ltt), n. A paste made from 
the cacao nut ; a beverage .made by dissolving 
this paste in water. 

Ohoioo (chois), n. Act or power of choosing; 
thing chosen ; option, ^a. Select ; precious. 

Oliolr (kwirX n. A company of singers ; a part of 
a church appropriated to singers ; a chanceL 

ObOko (chSk), V. t. [Ghokkd (chokt) ; Ghokiko.] 
To stifle ; to suffocate ; to strangle. ^ v. i. To 
have the windpipe stopped; to be obstructed. 

— OllOk'Or, n. One who, or that which, chokes ; 
a neckcloth or collar. [Slang] — Oliok'y, a. 
Tending to choke. — Olldke'cnor'ry (-chSWrj^), 
n. A kind of wild cherry, and its astringent 
fruit. — Obtike'dAnip' (-d&np'), n. A noxious 
vapor in mines, weUs, etc. — OllOko' — full' 
(-fylO a. Quite full ; chock-full. 

Oborer (kSl'Sr), n. Bile ; anger ; wrath. — Ghol'- 
er-io (-3r-Tk), a. Passionate ; irascible. 

Ohol'er-a (k51'$r-&), n. A dsmgerous epidemic 
disease characterized by vomiting and purging. 

— OholATt minlnu. A milder form of cholera. 
OllOOM (cho5z), V. t, [imp, Chosb (ch5s) ; p. p. 

Groskm (chJKz'n), Obs. Ghobb; p. pr. Choos- 
ing.] To make choice i>f; to prefer; to elect. 

— V. i. To nwke a selection. — Ohoos'or, n. 
Ghxip (ch5p), V. /. [Ghofpbd (ch5pt) ; Ghoppiho.] 

To cut into pieces ; to mince ; to divide ; to sever. 
— V. i. To strike quickly, ^n. A chopping; a 
stroke ; a piece chopped off. — Ohop'per, n. 

Ohop'hOIIM', n. A place where chops, etc., are 
cooked and sold ; an eating house. 

Ohop (oh5p), V. t. To barter; to exchange.^ 
V. i. To purchase by trading ; to wrangle ; to 
shift suddenly (as the wind), ^n. A change ; 
a vicissitude. 

ObOP (ch5p), A. (^lality ; brand ; permit or clear- 

Oluq^OllM', 91. A Chinese custom-house. 

Oliop'stiok' (chSp'stTkOt n. A small stick with 
which the Chinese and Japanese convey food to 
the month. 

OhO'tal (kS'ral), a. Belonging to a choir, ^n. 
A hymn-tune. — Oho^nl-ly, adv. 

AC AB Chords. 

Oliord (kdrd), n. A string of a musical inatar» 
ment; a harmonious combina- 
tion of tones simultaneously per- 
formed ; line uniting the ex- 
tremities of an arc. ^ v. t. To 
provide with musical chords or 

Gkoro (chSr), n. A small job of 

Ghor'lS-ter (kQrTs-tSr), n. Asmg- 
er in a choir ; the leader of a 

Oko-ro^ra-pky (kd-rOg^rft-Q^), n. The map or 
description of a country. — OkO-rcgfa-phar, n. 
One who maps or describes a region. — Oko'ro- 
grapll'iO-al (kS^rt-grSf 1-kal), a. Pertaining to 

Gho'XOld (kS'roid), n. The second coat of the 

Gbo'nLl (kS'riis), n. A band of singers ; part of 
a sone in which all join. 

OllOM (chSz), imp. & p. p. of Choosb. 

Okoa'on (ch^z'n),p. p. of Choose. 

OJlongh (chiif), n. A bird 
of the Grow family. 

Ohoiua (chous), V. t. To 
cheat ; to trick. — n. One 
easily tricked ; a guU ; a 
trick ; an imposition. 

Ckow'OkCW' (chou'chouO, 
a. Consisting of several 
kinds mingled together; 
mixed. ^ n. A kind of 
mixed pickles. 

OhOW'der (chou'dSr), n. 
A dish of fish, biscuit, 
onions, etc., stewed to- 
gether. ^v.U To make 
a chowder of. 

Glirlam (krTz*m), n. Consecrated oil used in 
baptism, confirmation, ordination, and extreme 
unction. — Okxls'Bial (krTz'mal), a. Pertain- 
ing to chrism. — Ohxls'ma-to-ry (-m&-t6-ij^), n* 
A vessel to hold the chrism. 

Ckrlft (krist), n. The Anointed ; the Savior ; the 
Messiah. — Ohzlt'ten (krTs^'n), v. U [Chris- 
TKNED (-*nd) ; Ghbdtbhiiio.] To baptize ; to 

S've a name to ; to denominate. — OlUwteil-dOIIL 
TTs'*n-diim), n. The Christian part of the 
world. — Gkxlstiail (krTs'chan), n. One who 
believes in Christ ; esp., one whose life conforms 
to Christ^s doctrines.^ a. Pertahiing to Christ, 
his religion, or his church; churacteristic ox 
Christian people ; civilized ; gentle ; beneficent. 
— Ohlis-tlaiL'i-ty (krTs-chSn^-tj^ or krYs^chl. 
SnT-tj^), n. The reUgion of Christ.— Chlla'- 
tUn-ue (krTs'chan-iz), v. t. To make Chris- 
tian. — GhxlsfBias (krla'mas'), n. The festival 
of Christ's nativity, observed December 25th. 

Ghzo-mafio (krt-m&fTk), a. Relating to colors, 
also to a scale in music which proceeds by semi- 
tones. — OhZO-SULt'ioS, n. The science of colors. 

Ohxame (krSm), OhlO'inl-IUlI (kro'mT-Qm),!!. A 
hard, brittle metal of gnrayish-whito color. 

Chro'mo-litll'O-gZttph (krS^mft-lTth'^-grSf), n. A 
lithograph printed in colors. 

Ohron'ic (krSn'Tk), Ohron'io-al (-T-kal), a. Re- 
lating to time ; of long duration ; lingering. — 
Oluon'l-Cle (krSn'T-k'l), n. A r^;ister of 
events m the order of time ; a record. ^ v. I. To 
record ; to register.— OkrOB'l-OlBr (-kISr), n. 


3» 9| If 5f Of long i A, 4i, 1, 5, tt, j^, short ; aenAte, dvent, tdea, Obey, finite, o4re, iirm, Ask, nil, flno^ 




OlUO-SOl'O-gy (krft-n5I'd-jj^), n. Science of meas- 
uring time or assigning to events tlieir proper 
dates.— Oliro-nol'o-eer (-jSr), Oluro-nol'o-^t 

(-jTst), n. One skilled in chronology. — OhlOXL^O- 
log'ic (kr5n/«-l5rtk)« Ohron'o-lorio-al (-t- 
kal), a. Relating to clironology ; according to 
the order of time. — Oliron^O-Iof'io-al-ly, adv. 

GllTO-luniL'e-ter (kr6-n5m'$-tSr), n. A very exact 
timepiece. — Ohro-luniL'e-try (-^-trj^), n. Art 
of measuring time. — Oluon'O-mot'rio (kr5n'&- 
inSt'rTk), Ohion'o-iiiet'rio-al (-rl-kol), a. 

Ghrys'a-lis (krTs'A-lTs), n. ; pi. Chbtsalidbs (krl- 
cftl^T- iSz). Tlie pupa state of butterflies and 
some otlier insects. 

CiLrTS-antlifr-iniim (krTs-Sn'thi-mfim), n. A ge- of composite plants. 

Glirys'O-beryl (krIs'ft.bSr'Il), n. A yellowish 
green gem ; cat's eye. 

Ghrys'O-llte (krTs'i-lit), n. A greenish mineral. 

OiLrys^O-pnUM (krYs'd-praz), n. A kind of grayish 
or greenish quartz. 

Olml) (chfib), n. A fresh-water fish of the Carp 
family ; the cheven. 


OlmVby (chttb'by), a. Plump, short, and thick. 

CUraok (chfik), V. «. [Ghuckbd (chfikt) ; Chuck- 
ing.] To make a noise like that of a hen call- 
ing her chickens ; to cluck. ^ v. /. To call, as 
a hen her chickens. ^ n. The call of a hen. 

Ohnok (chfik), V. t. To strike gently ; to toss ; to 
secure upon a lathe. — n. A £ng ; a slight blow ; 
a clamp for holding objects on a lathe. 

OhnoOda (chttknc'l), n. A short laugh of exul- 
tation or derision, ^v.i. To laugh in a sup- 
pressed or broken manner. 

Olmff (ch&f ), n. A coarse, surly fellow ; a clown. 
— Onilff^ (-y), a. Surly ; rude ; clownish. 

Olmia (chiim), n. A chamber-fellow, especially 
in college ; an intimate friend. — v. i. To occupy 
a chamber with ; to fraternize with. 

OlllUlk (chfink), n. A short, thick piece of any- 
thinff. — GniULk^ {rf\ a* Short and thick. 

Olmron (chdrch), n. A place of worship ; an as- 
sociated body of Christians. — Ohnrcb ' man 
(-man), n. An ecclesiastic or clergyman ; an 
Kpisoopalian. — Ohnroh^ward^ftA (-wt^ivd'n), n. 
A layman in charge of the pecuniary interests of 
a church or parish. — Churchward' (-yardO, n. 
Ground adjoining a church, in which the aead 
are buried ; a cemetery. 

Oklirl (chQrl), n. A rustic ; a rough, surly fellow ; a 
niggard. — Ghurrish, a. Surly ; rude ; uncouth. 
— OhnrPish-ly, adv. — Ghnrrlsh-ness, n. 

Okorn (chQm), n. A vessel in which butter is 
made. —V. /. &, i. [Churnkd (chQmd) ; Chubn- 
INO.] To shake or agitate, as cream in making 
butter. — Ohvm'lng, n. Act or motion of one 
who chums ; quantity of butter made at once. 

Chnta (shSSt), n. A trough through which ob- 
jects slide to a lower level. 

OkylA (kil), n. The milky fluid derived from 

chyme. — Ohyl'l-faiKtlon (kn a - flk ' shttn or 
ki'IT-), n. Formation of chyle. 

Ohyme (kim), n. The pulp formed from food di- 
gested in the stomach. 

Ghymla-try (kTm'Is>trj^), etc. See Chbiostbt. 

01-oa'da (sl-ka'd&), n. / pi. Cicaojc (-de). An 
hemipterous insect, the male of which makes a 
shrill, grating sound ; — called also locust. 

OiCa-tlloe (sTk'&-trTs), Oi-oatrlz (sT-kS'trTks), n. 
A scar of a healed wound. — OlO'a-tll-U^on 
(sIk'&-trI-zS'shtin), n. The process of holding a 
wound. — Glo'a-tXIZO (sTk'&-triz), v, i. To heal 
by forming a skin over (wounded or ulcerated 
flesh). ^ v. i. To heal or be healed. 

liOi'ce-ro'lie (it. chS^cha-rS^nti ; E. sTs't-rS^nft), n. 
One who exhibits local curiosities ; a guide. 

Oi'der (siMSr), n. Expressed juice of apples. 

llGl'-de-Tanr (Be'dS-v&i'), a. Former; previous. 

Oi-gar' (sT-gar'), n. A small roll of tobsusco, for 
smoking. — OlC'a-retto' (sTg'&-r«tO, n. A littie 
cigar ; fine tobacco rolled in paper for smoking. 

OU'ia-ry (sTl'y&-ry or -I-i-ry), a. Belonging to 
the eyelashes. 

Gi-li^Oions (sY-lTsh'tis), a. Hade, or consisting, of 

OiUL'O-ter (sTm'i-ter), n. See Scdoisb, n. 

Oln-choTna (sYn - k5 ' n&), n. A Peruvian tree 
yielding a medicinal bark ; Jesuits* bark. 

Glnotnre (sYnk'tur), n. A belt ; an inolosure. 

Gln'der (sln'^r), n. A small co«J ; an ember ; a 
scale thrown off in forging metal. 

Gln'er-a-ry (sYn'8r-a-ry), a. Pertaining to or 
containing ashes. — Oin'er-a'tlon (-i'shun), n. 
Reduction of uiything to ashes by combustion. 
— Oln^er-i^ons (-Ysh'&s), a. Havuig the color 
or consistence of ashes. 

Gln'na-har (sYn'n&-l^r), n. Red solphuret of 
mercury or quicksUver ; vermilion. 

Oln'na-mon (sin'n4-mQn), n. The aromatic in- 
ner bark of a tree of Ceylon. 

Olngno (sTnk^, n. The number 6 on dice or cards. 

Oinqno'foir (sYnk'foilOi n. A five-leaved plant or 
architectural Foliation. 

Oi'on (n'tin), n. A shoot or 
of a tree for grafting ; a scion. 

Gi'phor (n'fSr), n. The figure 
interwoven mitial letters; 
cret writing. — v. i, [Cipherbo Cipher. 
(-fSrd) ; CiFHSHiMO.] To prac- 
tice arithmetic, —v. /. To ascertain by calcula- 
tion ; to write in concealed diameters. 

Glr'ole (sSr^'l), n. A curve (called the circum- 
/erence) every part of which is equally >*-— *>^ 
distant from a point within (call^ the f \ 
center); circuit; compass; orb;f 1 

sphere ; company ; province, ^v. t. & V ^ J 
i. rCiBCLKD(-k*ld);CiBOiiiNe(-klYng).] ,^^u 
To move round. — Olr'clet (-klSt), n. ^^'^'** 
A little circle ; a bracelet ; a ring ; an orb. — 
Oir'oa-lar (-kti-ler), a. Like a circle ; round ; 
ending in itself ; concerning many persons hav- 
ing a common interest. ^ n. A letter addressed 
to various persons. — Gir'cil-lar-ly, adv. — Olr'- 
on-lar'l-ty (-ISr^-ty), n. state of being circular. 

Olr'Ollit (RSr'kTt), n. A circular space ; a judicial 
district ; regular journeying, as of a judge. ^ 
V. t. To move or make to go round. — Olx-cn'l- 
tons (-kuOf-tGs), a. Going round in a circuit ; 
indirect. — Oir-onl-tons-ly, adv. 

OlT'cn-lar, etc. See under CiacLX. 

Oir'on-latO (sSrOcti-lSt), v. i. & t. To move or pass 

; se- / / 

fim, recent, drb, r^de, f^, ftm, food, fcibt, out, oll| cbair, go, sing, ink, theut tUflu 


(•Ir^g-IS'ihKii], 0. 
. — Oli'an-la-tig-rT ( 

oil'OD-ia'ui (-!■' 

ti-iJI, a. Ciri;iilir ; oiri_ , , „_._„ .__ 

lUr'oitm-ui'U-utt (Bir'kaia-am'bl-eni), a. I 

Olroam-UDllIL-UU (se^am-Xm'til-lIt), V. 

Oli'oiim-alH (sir'kliiii-ui). v. I. [GiBciwa 

of. — a'li'piiiii-or>laaUl2h'fin),n. Itaeac 

(Hi-anm'ln-aiOB (ger-kHiD'ler-ens), n. The Una 
boundiuf a circulv ^ure ; h peripliery. 

OlT'onm-llaz (hJi'kaui-B«kB), n. An uc«nt, 
long and caDlractedsjuable, markBd ['], — t. !. 

Oli-oomlLn-init (eSr-kSm'tiG-cnt), oir-cnm'flB- 
onat-Oa), a. Flowing urouud. 

Olroiim-IiiM' (iSr'kaui-fuz'). v. i. To pour or 
sprekd round — OlT'Dlull-tll'llim('lu'zlilin), n. 
A pouruiB or spnadiug around, 

01I'<nuB-lt"o«nt (eSr'kHlD-ji'sSnt). a. L;iDg 
mnuDd i bordfinoff on «T«ry ^4. 

OlrOUB-llHnitlllll leSr'kaili-lt-kn'Blilin), n. In- 
dinot eipnBslon ; HrlpJirase- — OiT'cun-lOO'- 
O-te-IT C-lBt'O-'l-'JS "- Periphrastic. 

(HroilM-IUITl-KaU (Mriaai-QSvT-git). 1. 1. To 
Hll around ; to pub roimd by vaKr. — Oii-onta- 
IMT'l-Ik-iaa(Ber'kDni-uSv'I-Elk-b'l).n. Capable 
of beJiiK sailed around, — 01roBm-ll«T'l-n'- 
tlan (pi'ihttn), n. Act at eireunmayigaUiig. 
— Olronm-iuiT'l-(»'tiir. n. 

Otroiim-iolu (sSr'kBm-pS^Sr), a. AboDt the 

Oll'ODm -PD-llllOil (tir'hBm-pS-zIali'aii). n. Act 
B-in-U'Ura (lir'iiO m-rB-ti'BhBn ) , n.___ A 


Oll'iniM-TDlTt' (ife'kfllll- 

i'U-lT(;t3'tt>-4), Olrcui-ri>^-t»'n 

:_l..y (sjriiiini^trib'), e. (. T- '-' 

" - "-o reatrlct i to amfbta. — 

, ikrlp'Hhiln), n. LimiU 

bound I GODfluement i limit. 
OlI'OIK-QWIt {i3r^llni-ap«kt), 0. Attent 

— Olr'WUi-naoVBB (-Hpn'shOn), n. i 
tion i watohiulnen ; deliberation ; foreca 

" Oli'onEa'Staji'tlal (-atfii 

u-vaimtB (eiti^ktlm-TKIISt). v. I. To inr- 
d_™itli a rampart OlTOimi-Tll-la'tlOIl 

■iBoJ To roll 
l-lD'OaiL (-rt- 

IS'iliEu), n. Tbe act of rolling 10 

lollad round another. 
OIi'ghb (■iic'kai). n. A place for athletic 

OiMl'plM (slB-*l'pIu or -Iriu), a. On 11 

Roman) ride of the Alpn -, aoutb of the J 

airU-UltVp (ala-Ht-liu'ttk), a. On Ihii 

Olt» (sft), r. (. To niimnon ; Ic quote. — OIVK, 

Siacsi qootatiou.-01't«-tMTlB''tW*'-™,'(L 

0ltl»'«ni'(elth'8rii), n. A kind of guitar. 
OlVl-zu (altl-i'n), n. A dweller in a dtjFi ■ 

-can^.»idp,i. " ° *™"° 

I of being a cii 

(-rik), a. Fertainiug to an b< 
iemoD and aimllulriula. — 01 
A aalt of eitric acid. — OlflllU 
a citron or lemony of a gre«ni 
*• n. A yellow pellucid quarts, 
ary (slyS), B. 1 large or con* 

rfea of garUc [Writ- 
iroui quadruped ; alio. 

OtT^O (sTvTk), a. RelatloK to civil lite. 

OlT'll (sT«'Tl), a. Pertaining to a city, .tate.cltl. 
tan, or Bociety ; polite ; courteoua. — OItTI-IJ, 
adv. - 01-TU'l-ty (Br-vIl'I-tJJ), n. Politeneas; 
oourtoey. — Oi-vll'laa (-vTl'yuul, «. One iktlled 

lite, not military or clorlcaL 
ClT'i-ll»(Blv'I-lIz), t. *. To reclaim from a MT- 

(^id), a.' Beflned; cultivated. — ClT'1-U'zM. 
B.-ClT'1-U-MtlOll (-ll-zi'ahnn), n. BUte ot 

— Oiremn-TBii'tloii (■ 

Olrom-TwiV ([ 

wr (kun/bSr), R. Uilfc turned and thlct 
___J. — ..i. Tocurdle. 
Olaok (klik). V. i. [CiipasD (kllkt) ; CLiciiiro.] 

iracking ; to eUnk ; to click ; to tAlk rapidly and 
continually, — n A sudden aharp udse ; coi* 
^Inuoustalk.— Otactw, x. 

__»d (klSii), p. p. of CtOTHB, e. 

Claim (klam), n. (. [Claihid (kllmd); Gun- 

-ro.] To call for ;tn den.. - -■ -' 

B entitled to anything i 

land, at of right; tills to anythlni 

hicb one ha. a right. -"■-■-'- •■' 

lylhlng; I 
IIL'«-b£» (- 



t i MnM*, Anm, Idaa, ftb*r> Anlte, II*!*, Km, M^ «ll, BmI, 






a. Capable of being claimed. — Olalm' ant 
(klSm'ant), n. One who claims. 

Oudr-VOy'ailM (klftr-voi'ons), n. Discernment, 
through mesmeric influence, of things not pres- 
ent to the senses. — OUdr-VOy'ant (-ant), a. 
Discerning objects not present. ^ n. One who 
discerns such objects. 

Olam (klSm), n. A bivalve shellfish; a kind of 
vise or pincers. — v. /. [Clammbo (kUfand^; 
GLAMimro.] To clog, as with glutinous or vis- 
cous matter. — Glam'my (-mj^), a. Soft and 
sticky; glutinous; slimy. — Oum'&Li-llMt, n. 

OU'flUUlt (kla'mant), a. Crying earnestly ; clam- 
orously beseeching. 

OlamlMr (klSmliSr), V. i. [Cf.AMWKHKD (-herd) ; 
GLAMBBsnio.] To climb with difficulty, or with 
hands and feet. 

Olai&'myf a. See under Clam, n. 

Gliun'or (klXm'Sr), n. Loud and continued noise ; 
uproar; vociferation.— v. i, & L Clamored 
(•erd) ; Clamobdto.] To demand noisily or im- 
portunately. — Olarn'Or-Ons (-Sr-fis), a. Noisy ; 

turbulent. — Glaxn'oT-oiiB-ly, adv. — Clam'or- 
ons-neiB, n. 

Olamp (klSmp), n. A piece of wood 
for holding objects togetlier. ^ v. t. 
To unite firmly. 

Olaup (klSmp), n. A heavy footstep ; 
tramp, ^v. t. To tread heavily or 
clumsily ; to clump. 

OUm (klXn), n. A family ; a race ; a 
tribe ; a sect. — Claas'man (klSnz'- 
mon), n. Fellow member of a clan. 
— Glan'lllBll, a. Pertaining to a clan ; closely 
united and exclusive as to all without one's clan 
or clique. — Gian'nlBli-ly, ocfv. — Glan'nlili- 
n088, n. — Glan'sUp, n. Union, as in a clan. 

Olan-dOStlno (klSn-des'tTn), a. Hidden ; secret ; 
private ; underhand ; sly. — Glan-dOB^'tillO-ly, 
adv.— Olan-dMtlne-11688, n. 

Olang (klSng), V. t. [Clanged (klSngd) ; Clano- 
nre.] To strike together with a ringing metal- 
lic sound. — v. t. To resound, ^n. A sound 
like that made ^ striking metaL 

OUin'CVr (klSn'ger), n. A sharp, shrill, harsh 
sound.— Olan^gor-Olis (-lis), a. Making clangor. 

Oluik (klSnk), n. A brief, ringing sound, duller 
than a clang. ^ v. /. & t. To sound with a 

OUmldBllf etc. See under Clan, n, 

OUp (klSp), V. t. & i. [Clapped (klSpt) ; Clap- 
ping.] To strike together ; to strike noisily ; to 
applaud. — n. A noise of sudden collision; a 
burst of sound ; explosion ; bang. — Olap'per, n. 

OlapHMiard (klSybdrd), n. A board thicker at 
one edge than the other, — used for sheathing 
houses. —V. /. To cover with clapboards. 

Olap'^-cUw (kISp'pSr-klft), V. t. To fight and 
scratch ; to revile ; to scold. 

Olaptrap' (klSp'trSp^^, n. A trick or device to 
gain applause ; humbug. — a. Sham ; unreal. 

Olir'Ot (klSr'St), n. A French red wine. 

Olar'i-fy (ktfr'I-fi), v. t. [Clamfibd (-fid); 
Clabiftino.] To make clear ; to purify. — v. i. 
To become clear, pure, or bright. — Ouur'l-fi'or 
(-fl'ir), n. — Clarl-li-ca'tion (-fl-ka'slifin), n. 
Clearing; fining. 

Olar'l-net^ (klXra-nSf ), OlaM-o-net' (-ft-nSt'), n. 
A reed instrument of music. 

Olar^-On (kl8r^-Qn), n. A kind of trumpet, of 
clear -and shrill note. 

Olasll (klXsh), V, i. [Clashed (kfibht) ; Clasb- 
INO.J To dash noisily together; to come in 
collision ; to interiere. — v. L To strike noisily 
against. — n. Noisy coUimon ; conflict, as be- 
tween differing interests, views, purposes, etc. 

Gltsp (kl&sp), V. t. [Clasped (kl&spt) ; Clasping.] 
To embrace ; to gn^asp ; to inclose and cling to. 
^n. A catch; close embrace. — Olasp'or, n. 

— Clasp knlfa. A large knife, with its blade 
shutting into the handle. 

Glass (kl&s), n. A group ; rank ; order, division, 
or set of persons or things.^ v. i. [Classed 
(kl&st); Classing/] To arraiu^e in classes; 
to rank. — v. i. To be grouped or classed. — 
Glass'matO^ (-matO, n. One in the same class. 

Glas'slc (klSs'sTk), Olas'sic-al (-sT-kal), a. Of 
the first class or rank, esp. in literature or art ; 
pertaining to the Greek and Latin authors and 
artists ; pure ; refined. — Glas'sio* n. A work 
of repute or its author ; one versed in classical 
literature. — Glas'SlO-al-ly, adv, 

Glaa'si-fy (klSs'sT-n), v, U To distribute into 
classes ; to arrange ; to rank ; to qrstematixe. — 
Glas^si-fi-oa'tlon (-fT-kS'sh&n), n. A elassify- 
ing ; systematic arrangement or enumeration. 

Glarter (klSt'ter}, v. t. [Clattered (-tSrd); 
Clatterino.] To make rattling sounds ; to talk 
noisily. —v. t. To strike and make a rattling 
noise. ^ n. A repeated rattling noise. — Glat'- 
tar-ar, n. 

Glanso (kl^z), n. A separate portion of a sen- 
tence or of a document. 

Glanstral (klt^strSl), a. Relating to a cloister. 

GU'vata (kla'V&t), OU'va-tad (-vS-t6d}, a. Club- 
shaped ; g^radually thickening toward the top. 

Glav'1-Ole (klSvT-k'l), n. The collar bone. 

Glaw (kls^), n. A sharp, hooked nail, as of a 
beast or bird. — v. L [Clawed (kl{^) ; Claw- 
ing.] To pull, tear, or scratch. 

Glay (kla), n. Plastic earth. ^ v. t, [Clated 
(klad) ; Claying.] To manure or purify with 
clay. — Glay'ey (-y), a. Consisting of, aboimd- 
ing in, or like clay. 

Glaflnora' (klS'mSr')* n. A Scottish broad- 

Glean (klen), a. Free from dirt or defect ; pure ; 
neat ; complete ; entire. ^ adv. Without limita- 
tion ; quite ; entirely, —v. i. [Cleaned (klend) ; 
Cleaning.] To purify ; to cleanse. — Gloan^y, 
adv. In a clean manner ; neatly. — Glean'ness, 
n. — Glean'ly (klSn^j^), a. Habitually clean ; 
pure. — Gleanli-ness, n. 

Gloanse (klSnz), v. t. To make clean. — Gloans'- 
a-Uo (-&-bU), a. Capable of being cleansed. — 
Oloans'er, n. 

Clear (kler), a. Free from opaqueness, mixture, 
impurity, fault, etc. ; pure ; unmixed ; obvious ; 
plain; manifest; distinct; audible; indicqputable. 

— n. Full extent, -^-odv. Plainly ; completely ; 
wholly ; quite. ^ v, t. [Cleared ( klerd ) ; 
Clearing.] To free from impurity, obscurity, 
impediment, etc. ; to pass over ; to obtain above 
all expenses. — v. t. To become fair or free. — 
Gloar'or, n. — Glearay, adv. — Clear^noss, n. 

— Glear^l^ge (-ttj), n. The act of removing any- 
thing ; clearance. — Clear'ailGe (-ans), n. A 
clearing ; a certificate from the custom house 
that a sliip is free to sail. — GleaT'tng, n. A 
making clear ; justification ; defense ; a tract of 
land cleared of wood for cultivation ; a method 
adopted by bankers for settling badances. 

lim, racent, Arb, n|de, f^ Am, food, fc^t, out, oil, eliair, v>% ainB> ink, tben, ttaiiL 






Olmaf^tHKlOfa (USr'Bived), a. Having acute 
aight ; disceruiiig. — GlMU^-llcllt'ed-llABI, n. 

OlMT'ltlJCll' (klSr'stiurcbO, v. t. To atiffeu uni- 
formly with starch. 

OlMt (klSt), n. A strip for fastening. — r;. /. 
secure with a cleat. 

01MV6 (Uev)f V* *' [imp. Clbatkd 
(klSYd), Ob». Clays (klSv); p. p. 
Clsavsd ; p. or, Glbayimo.] To stick ; 
to hold; to adhere; tocliug. 

CUmvo (USv), v. L & i. limp. Clot 
(klSft), Obs. Clays (klav), Obsoies. 
Clovb ( kl5Y ) ; p. 0. Cleft, Clbavso 
(klevd), or Cloykn (k15'v*u) ; p. pr. Clbayiko.] 
To part ; to divide ; to split ; to crack. — ClMT^ 
R-blOt a. Capable of cleaving or being dividcKl. 

— OlMT'aco (-aj), n. A splitting ; Uunination ; 
fracturing. — OlMT'or, n. One that cleaves ; 
a butcher's chopping instrument. 

Olflf (klSf ), n. A duuracter in musical notation 
to fiiiow the key. il_j j n, ^ 

Oltft (kieft), n. Opening made IStL-E 
by splitting ; crack ; chink ; | H I ^'* 
cranny, —a. Split ; divided* 

OlMn'a-tls (kl&n'A-tIs), n. 

A climbiiM' flowering plant. ^^ , ^^ . ^^. . 

OlMll'tat ( kl8m 'ent ), a. ^ C^«'- ^^«'- ^ ^lel. 
Mild in temper and cUsposition ; gentle ; kind. 

— ClMn'«n-oy (-&ihbj^, n. Mildness ; lenity. 
OlWgf (klSr'jy), n. The body of ecclesiasticSf 

or ministers of the gospel, in distinction from 
the laity. — OlAX^gy-mail (-man), n. An or- 
dained minister ; one of the clergy. 

Oltr'io (klSrTk), n. A clerk, or clergorman. — 
OlerlO, Oln'lO-al (-Y-kal),-a. Pertaimng to the 
clergy, also to a clerk or copyist. 

Olaik (klSrk ; in Eng. klark), n, A parish offi- 
cer ; a scribe ; an accountant ; a shopkeeper's 
assistant. — Oiork'sUp, n. Office of a clerk. 

OlAT'wr (klSv'Sr), a. Expert; dexterous; skill- 
ful ; adroit ; agreeable. — GlBY'n-lji adv. — 
OloT'er-nass, n. 

GUTiB (klSvts), Oley^ (-y), n. A U-shaped 
draft-iron on the end of a cart tongue. 

Gl0W (klu), n. A ball of thread ; guide ; comer 
of a sail. [Also written due."] — v. t. [Clkwbd 
(klud) ; Clbwino.] To truss up (a sail) to the 

Ouok (klTk), V. i. [Glioksd (klTkt) ; Cucking.] 
To make a smaU, sharp noise, as by a gentle 
striking ; to tick. — n. A small, sharp sound. 

OUldC (UTk), n. A small piece of iron, falling 
into a notched wheel ; a detent ; a pawL 

Oll'tnt (kli'ent), n. One under the protection of 
another ; the employer of a legal adviser. 

OUff (klTf ), n. A steep rock ; a precipice.— ClUTy 
(-f). a. Having chfEs; craggy. 

OU-maCter-lO (klt-mSk'tSr-Tk or klTm'Xk-tSrnrk), 
a. Critical.— n. A critical period in life, or 
period of great change in the constitution ; the 
63d year. 

Oll'mate (kli'mtt), n. A region or tract of coun- 
try ; the condition of a place as to atmosphere, 
temperature, moisture, etc. — Oli-mafio (klt- 
mSt^k), OU-matlO-al (-T-kal), a. Pertaining 
to, or limited by, climate. — Oli'ma-tol'O-gy 
(l^fvaArt6Vt-jfy, n. Science of climates, or a 
treatise on climates. 

Oli'nuuc (kli'mSks), n. Upward movement; 
gradation; ascent; highest point or degree; 

OUmb (Ulm), v.i. & L {imp. & p. p. Clxmbbo 
(klimd), Oat. or Vulgar Clomb (USm) ; Climb* 
nro.] To mount by the hands and feet, or !*• 
boriously. — GUlBD'er, n. 

Olinia (klim), n. ClimiUie ; region. 

OUnok (kllnch), V, L [Clinghbd (klTncht); 
CuMOHino.] To grasp ; to gripe ; to establish. 
— n. Fast hold. — Gllllfill'or, n. 

GUng (klTng), V. i. [imp. & p. p. Clung (kiting), 
Obs. Clono (kl5ng) ; p. pr. Clinging.] To ad- 
here ; to hang (to, upon, or together). — GUog'y 
(-f)j a. Apt to cling ; adhesive. 

Olin'lO (klTnlk), OUn'lo-al (-T-kal), a. Pertain- 
ing to a bed ; bedridden. — GUn'lO, n. One con- 
fined to the bed by sickness; medical or sur- 
gical instruction to students at the bedside of 

Gllnk (klTnk), v. t, & i, [Clinked (klTnkt) ; 
Clinking.] To make a small, sharp, ringing 
sound. — n. A sharp, ringing sound. — Gllu'- 
or, n. Vitrified matter or slag in furnaces. 

OUp (klTp), V. i. [Clippbd (klTpt); CLiPpmo.] 
To cut off ; to cut short ; to curtaiL — v. £ 
To move quickly. — n. A cutting ; shearing ; 
amount cut off ; blow or stroke ; clasp or strap 
holding parts together. — OUp'j^t n. One 
who, or a machine which, clips(coin, hair, etc.) ; 
a fast sailing vesseL — Olifi^ingt n. A cutting 
off ; thing cut off. 

|}011q,lM (klek), n. A narrow circle of persons; 
a party; a coterie.— v. i. To associate in a 
clannish way ; to plot. 

Oloak (klok), n. A loose outer garment; a 
disg^uise ; a pretext, —v. t. [Cloakbd (klSkt) ; 
Cloaking.] To cover with a cloak ; to hide ; to 
conceal ; to dii^uise. 

GlOGk (kl5k), ft. An instrument for measuring 
time ; figured work on the side of a stocking. — 
Glook'work' (-w^k^i n. Machinery and move- 
ments of a clock, or r^;ular as those of a dock. 

Glad (klOd), n. A lump of earth ; a dull, stupid 
fellow. — v. i. To harden into a lump. — Glod'- 
dy (-dy), a. Containing clods ; huni ; gross. — 
Glod'AOP'por (-hSp'pSr), n. A rude, rustic fel- 
low ; a clown. 

GlOtt (kl5f ), n. An allowanoe in weighing. See 

OlOg (kl5g), n. That which hinders motion ; ob- 
struction ; impediment ; a kind of heavy shoe. 
—V. t. [Cloogbd (klSgd) ; Clogging.] To ob- 
struct ; to encumber. —v. «. To become encum- 
bered ; to coalesce ; to adhere. — GlOfl^gy (-g3^)i 
a. Apt to clo^; adhesive. — Glog'gf noss, n. 

GloiS^tAT (klois'ter), n. A monastery or nunnery. 
— 1>. t. To confine in a cloister. — Glolstral 
(-tral), a. Pertaining to or confined in a clois- 
ter; claustral. 

GllAw, n. See Cloak. 

Glose (kl5z), V, L [Clobkd (klSzd) ; Clobing.] 
To stop ; to shut ; to conclude ; to inclose ; to 
encompass; to confine. — v. «. To come to- 
gether ; to unite or coalesce ; to end ; to ter- 
minate. — (kl5s or klSz), n. Union of parts ; 
Junction; conclusion; end; inclosed place ; espe- 
cially, a small inclosed field or piece of land. ^ 
(kl5s), a. Shut fast ; tight ; confined : secret ; 
Bti^^nant ; without motion or ventilation ; reti- 
cent ; taciturn ; niggardly ; dense ; solid ; near ; 
strict ; accurate ; precise. — GlOSO, Glose'ly, 
adv. — GlOse^eSB, n. 

Glos'ot (klSz'St), n. A small private apartment. 

Bi 9, 1, o, 0| lon^ ; &, «, 1, 5, a, ^, ahort ; MuAte, (Tcnti tdaa, dbey, floito, cAn, linn, Ask, f|U, final, 




^•v. t. [Clobbtio ; Closktimo.] To shut up in 

OlO'Slire (klS'zhttr), n. Act of shutting; indo- 
Bure; end; conclusion. 

Olot (kl5t), n. A concretion ; coagulation, —v. t. 
To coagulate ; to be formed into clots or clods ; 
to become gross. — Olot^ i-^f)* <"" ^^1 of clots. 

OlOtll (klStb), n. Woven stuff of fibrous mate- 
rial; a j^fession, or the members of it, esp. 
the clerical profession. — GlOtho (klStfa), t*. t. 
{imp. & p. p. Clotbbd (kl5tfad), Glad (klSd) ; 
0. pr. Clothino.] To put garments upon ; to 
furnish with raiment; to cover or invest, as 
with a garment. — OlOthlMr (klSth'ySr), n. 
Oue who makes, sells, or fulls cloth. — Olotll'- 
ing, n. Garments; clothes; dress; covering. 
--Glotlios (klStfaz or kl5z), n., pi. of Cloth. 
Covering for the body or of a bed, etc. ; dress ; 
attire ; vesture ; raiment ; garb. 

Olot'ty, a. 8ee under Clot, n. 

Olond (kloud), n. A collection of visible va])or 
in the air ; a dark mass (of smoke, men, in- 
sects, etc.); obscurity. — V. t. To darken or 
obscure; to stain .in patches. —v. «'. To grow 
obscure. — OlOUd'less, a. Without a cloud ; 
unclouded. — Clond'y (-j^), a. Covered with 

. clouds : obscure ; gloomy ; unintelligible. — 
OUmd'wy, adv. — Oloudd-nesB, n. 

OUnigll (kliif ), n. A narrow valley between hills. 

Glongll (kl5f ), n. An allowance of 2 pounds per 
]00 in weiffmng, after deducting tare and tret. 

Olont (klout), n. A patch ; n« ; swaddling cloth ; 
the center of a target ; a flat-headed wroi^ht- 
iron rail. -•1'. t. To patch ; to mend ; to strike. 

OlOYO (kl5v^, n. A tree of the Molucca Isles, and 
its flower oud, yielding a pungent spice. 

Olo'VOl (klo'v'n), p. p. from Cleavb. Parted 

I, p. p. 

split. — OU/von-Xoot^Ad (-fddt/Sd), or -hoofed' 

(-hooft^), a. Having the foot or hoof divided 

into two parts, as the ox. 
Olo'vor (klS'vSr), n. A genus of three-leaved 

plants; trefoil. 
Olown (kloun), n. A rustic ; a boor ; a churl ; a 

buffoon. — OlOWn'lsll, a. Coarse ; boorish. — 

Olown'lBli-ly, adv. — Olown'lBli-nMs, n. 
Oloy (kloi), V. t. [Glotcd (kloid) ; CLornro.] 

To glut ; to satiate ; to surfeit ; to disgust. 
Olnl) (kliib), n. A heavy stick or staff ; a playing 

cird of the suit marked with a figure supposed to 

represent a club ; an association of persons for 

social or other purposes. — v. /. <fe i, [Clubbed 

(kltibd) ; Clubbino.] To beat with a club ; to 

join (in meeting a common expense or promot* 

ing a common end). 
OlnVf oof (kliiyf d6t'), n. A short, deformed foot. 

— OlntKnot'odfO. Having deformed feet. 
OlUOk (kliik), V. i. & t. To call, like a brooding 

hen. •— n. A hen's call to her chicks. 
Olno (klu), ft. A ball of thread ; a guide ; a clew. 
OlomlMr (klUm'bSr), i». A stout, short-legged, 

field spaniel, 

which hunts si- 
Olunp (kl&mp), 

n. A shapeless 

mass; cluster. -• 

V, L To group; 

to cluster. ^ v. i. 

To tread heav- 

ily— Clumpy, 

a. BhapeU 



Olim'iy (U&m'zj^), a. [Clumbibb; Clumsdht.] 
Without grace ; awkward ; uncouth. — OllUft'- 
8l-ly, adv. — Olnm'Bl-noss, n. 

Olimg (kiting), imp. &p.p. of Cldio. 

(Hustor (klQs'tSr), n. A collection ; a bunch. — 
v. i.&t. [CLUBTBBBD(-t8rd); CLUsTBBnroJ To 
collect into a close body. — OlnstMr-y, a. Grow- 
ing in. or full of, clusters. 

Olutob (kltlch), n. A gripe ; seizure ; grasp ; jpl. 
hands ; claws ; rapacity ; cruelty. — v. t. & i. 
[Clutohbd (klficht); CmrcHiMe.] To catch ; 
to snatch ; to clinch. 

Clutter (kl&t't8r),n. A confused collection ; con- 
fusion; disorder. — v. t. [Cldttbbbd (-tSrd); 
Cluttbbino.] To crowd together in disorder ; 
to litter. —V. i. To maJce a bustle. 

Clys'ter (klYs'tSr), n. An injection. 

Ooaoll (k5ch), n. A large, clore four-wh«»''Tp'i 
carriage; a tu- 
tor ; a tndner. — 


(kocht) ; CoACH- 
INO.] To convey 
in a coach ; to in- 
struct ; to prepare 
for examination. 

— Ooaoh'man 

(-man), n. The 
driver of a carriage. 
Oo-aotton (k^4(k'Bhiin), n. Force ; compulsion. 

— Co-ao'tiYe (kft-Sk'ttv), a. Acting together ; 
serving to compel. 

Oo-adln-tant (k^-Sd'jtt-tant), a. Mutually assist- 
ing or operating. — Oo^ad-Jutor (kS^Sd-ju'tSr), 
n. One who aids another ; an assistant ; an asso- 
ciate; a colleague.— Oo'ad-Jntllz (-trTks), n. 
A female assistant. 

Oo-a'cent (ki-S'lent), n. An assistant ; a coworker. 

Oo-a(HL-late (kS-Xg'Q-ltt), v. t.&i. To change 
into a curdlike state ; to curdle. — Oo-ag^-la-UA 
(-lA-bl), a. Capable of coagulating. — Co-af n- 
la'tlolL (-la'shtin), n. Process of curdling. — 
Oo-ac'a-la-tiYe (-Ift-tTv), a. Having power to 
cause coagulati<ni. — Oo-ag'll-la'ter (-la'tSr^, n. 
That which causes coagulation. — Oo-ac'V-luill 
(-liim), n. A coagulated mass, as curd ; rennet. 

Goal (kol), n. Wood charred, or partially burnt ; 
a black, combustible mineral substance. — v. t, 
& i. [CoALBD (kSld) ; CoALmo.l To fill with 
coal. — Ooal'er-y (-Sr-j^), n. A place where coal 
is dug ; a colliery. — Goal'y, a. Like or contain- 
ing coal ; black. — Goal'piV (-pTt^), n. A place 
where coal is dug, or charcoal made. — Goal gas. 
Carbureted hydrogen, procured from bituminous 
coal, and used for heating, lighting, etc. — Goal 
heaver. One who carries and loads coal. — 
Goal oil. Petroleum. — Goal tar. A thick, black 
liquid, yielded by distilling bituminous coal. 

Go'a-lesoe' (kS^A-lesO* v. i. [Coalbscbd (-ISsf); 
CoALBSoiNO (-iSs'sing).] To grow together-, 
to unite. — Go'a-les'oenoe (-Ifis'sens), n. Act oi 
coalescing ; union. — Oo'a-lOS'oent (-sent), a. 
Growing together ; unithig. 

Go'a-lltlon (kS^A-lTsh'iSn), n. Union in a body 
or mads; temporary combination of persons, 
parties, or states having different interests ; al- 
liance; league; conjunction; conspiracy. 

Goam'lnigS (kSmTngz), n. pi. The raised rim of 
a ship's hatches. [Written also combingt.'] 

Go'ap-tatlon (kS'Sp-ta'shiin), n. Adaptation of 
parts to each other. 

fSm, recent, drb, r^ue, i^tk, Uxtx, food, fcTot, out, oil, oliair, (o, aiust isk, tbfln, ttiilL 

iTsfloal ; faidelktu 

Oout (kSaCJ, n. 

To peraumlB by fltttery ; to wim 
Call(k5b).ii.' Ttaetoporiieadi ai 


W (kSkfkrSOi OttOWWint, M- A* 
. which oocki fiiA crov ; Auly momlng' 
[kSk'Si), «. I. [Coouran (-«nl) ; Gnx. 

J Tafocidle; toiiHlalg«; topuDpar- 

OMrntkaiCSr), n. One who [(illon oocMcbt- 
- ~ dog of Uw ipMild 

Oooi'W-«l (kfik'ip^l), tt. 

wi'Sul^l), II. Asiu. 

ECNsdilaTB p^dduty. 

ClD0'kli(kSk1i'l),n.Aned- | 
Ooo'Us-ilidl' i-sbSV), "■ 

A Cough, leddiab-gny mlD- 

'-~^ pebble or rouoded aCooe. 

" ■" 1. [CoBBUD (-bid) 1 Cob. 

to botch. — OoTjTjIw. n. 

OoVnnt (kSb^nQt^), n. A Isi^e kind ol buel 

lOsHna di itTpdOo (kS^ri dt tA-pant}. Tbt 
hocdod atuUe, il veuomoua 

Oob'w»b'(kOb'"Bb'). n. A t 

1. An alkaloid Dbtahied 
c« leavcBt whkh pro* 
ocal inHoalhllit J to 

(kBobl^Slt, n. Anddjent 
drisd bodlH ot aM«iit»a im 

OVtH'to^iM i-mH), a. Bhapel liko a Hnail 
-■■-"■— —li tnrthiated. 

OoOk (kSk), D. 

ID '(iiGlit) ; Coci 


8,] 1 

■:" (i^J. 

Oook {kBk>, n. The haromBr of a imnlock.- 
II. 1. Todrawback (the buninsr ol). in oidei 

Cock-*de' (kCk-ad'),"- A knot of rlbbona «OTi 

OoDk'a-too' (kSk'i-tSiT), n. A bird of the parro 

Ooora-trlM (kBk'i-triB), n. The haaULA, a tab- 

OsoknxMt' (kSk'bof ), n. Axhip'simallb' 


a light bo 

OM-kk (hBh-k-ll, i. 

T4l» (Slk-i'l)," V. i. To take the form of 

000k;nar (kUk'nJ), n. ,- pi. Cockh»ib (-nil). A 

OmVplf (kSk>It/), s. An ana when game- 

eocka fight ; a room undei a abip'a gun deck. 
00«k««eh' (kBk'rBcb'), n. An insect intortlng 

Oo«lU'OOmk'(U&>kSm'),>L Acanincleoreouib 
of acock; aplaot t>eaTlDEl>roadapikaacf bright 

louk'awilll ^Dk'Hvtii, ccl- 

ID'OOK (kS^t), n. 
antioD made f Tcm 
the cbocolato tree ; 

an' (k*. 

Oo-eoaa' (kj-ks™'), n. 

Owwra'Br-y (-ar-J), ^ . __ 

when feeding and fonniuR i 
Oootlini (kHkiahSn), n. The hcl ui uuuiu 
00d(k5d),n. Ahuak; apod; ahag. 
Ool (kSd). B. A food Bah of the northerc 
0>d'dl« (kSd'dt), t>. (. To parboil; to tri 


llOo'ln (kydas), n. ." P'- Coo 

or digest of 

.. ,. odd old per«n. 
(kM^-aIl), n. A supplement to a wflL 
(kydl-li or tlM^-n|, V. I. To Tediu« 
Id a code or digest. - CO'dl-U'Mtlan, «. 


Ooilln (kM'lIn^/'oofl'Uin 

a, 8, 1, ». a, Ions; ft.«,I.«,tt,y,rt 

t i HsOta, «Tmt, Idw, VbVi n<i^ iiftn. Him, AA, f^ Sdo^ 


timet tb«y are tu be Ukeu. — Oo'iI-fl'almi-eT 
Oo'll-ti! (Ec'li-Xk), 0>-ll-ao, 1. Psrliuaing to th« 

Oo-t'lllial (liS-a^wal). a. Equal nitta apothtr. — 
n. Oue who i> (qusL — 6ii'c-qiul1-t7 (kS't- 
kwOlt-tJJ.n. StilB of being ci»Qu«]. 

0»«ro>' (ii-irr/), v. I. [Cobbcbd (-S™t') ; Co- 
xrTKQ (-Hi/iIng).] To rertraio by iorca j to 
, . . •--inr'fliMi 


•sl-b'l),a. C»ihI 

■T'dOL (-BbDuJ, n. CompulBlni; nBtnint,- 

a»WOlT» (■ir'UT). 0. OmipsUiDg ; iDrclag. 

"-'-- -iantlil (kS'lHin'ihal), a. Putaking 

Oa'M«1i*4U(k&'e-a'DS-llB),a. O 
"ye-tM'nal (kyt-tSi/r ■• 
- 0»'e-wr'Dl-ty (-ni 

0«^iMki*-5'val), o. 
One of equal age wi"-^ 

le igB.— n. 

OVn-lit' lko'Sg>-T>f), 

— OB'»I-Ul'«no« (-eni.,, „ 

tune tltns with another. — Os'u-Ut'nit (-«lt)i 
o. Existing at tbe same tjme. 

OVn-tnil'Tko'ekB-caDd'), tJ. i. To eUsod 
ttirDiufb tbe aame tpace 
n-Hmimil (-ISD'ahlUi), n 
Oo'n-Um'IlTi (-ilv), a. 

OottM tkBPrt), B. The ke: 
tropical tree; e. bev- 
erage decocted from 

It. - aonn-iuiiw 

{-hoo»'),n. Ahoo« 
enWrt^nment. — Di 
t C-pM'), n 

leied ] 

t in which ^ 

tM'lln (iBf'l?ii), n. The case inclo^g*. body 

On (kBg), t. (. & i. [Coaam (kiSgd) i 

ao((k%grn. A'tooth'on » wheel fo 

tbg motion; alfnon._r.(. To f 

cogB. — 0«rwll«»l'(-hwai'), n. A _... 

COM for tranamitting motion ; a geai wheel. 
Oot (kHg), 0«'H« (kBg'Bl), B. i flriilDg boat. 
WglBt (kS'j&t), 0. Having great force; ur- 

genCi oonYinclng; miUieu. — Oo'CIBMr, -'-' 

Ocrf«» (kOj-t-Ht), e. i. To reBect ; to t 
ttKe.—v.l. To nlan; to conHder. — IJOJ 
bla ('tkb']), a. Capable of being thought u 

(fcn, nmit, tab, ri|da, fyH, ttn, MM. IiAit, vat, all, oliairi so, tlmth 'nl'i then, ttUa. 

■nurabsr of related ihinge. — Cof-Jiatlon (-nS'- 
abUn), fi. Kiodired; irelatiDnaijlp. 
Oog'iilia (kBg^ii:)* ^' '- [CosNiziu(-nIid):Gos- 
Oog-ni'ttal (-nlaVilnri^'Act rf'k^wi^g; 

ing. — Oernl-iant (kBg-nt-iani^w klSn'I-j°a. 

Having knowledge; aware. — Ooff'nl-UIlOf 

{-iaoa)t a. Knowlf^^ ; juriBdiction ; badge. 
O^-nymn (kSg-nS^en), n. A family name; 

a Hiniame — Ctv-asm'l-iua (-nSm't-Dal), a. 

Pertaining to a aanuune. 
Oor^rtlMl^B. BaeunderCoo,atoo«lL 
OAmt (ki-bn>n:t), r. l. To live together aa 

man and wife. - Oo-lua't-UtlMl (-I-ti'Bh«n>, 

B. A UvLng togethat. 
00-h»lr'(k3-tf),B, A joint heir. -Ofr-hoil'ui 

(-Sr%},n. A Joint heireaa. 
tUhhnV (kt-hSr'), V. i. [Cohikkd (-hBrd') ; Co- 
here; toiuit; toflt— f"-'-— '— 

Sticking together ; coiuiih«i 

adv. — Ov-liM'MiM <-mi»), 

1^), n. A aticking togetliu ; con^Btenoy. 
Oo-lw'ilBn(kt-h9'ihfin),R. Tbe act or - 

together; union, — Oo-lw'dM (-ilv), 

OoTlort (WTi8rt), ^ 

OoU^olf),B. \bN^r«a: 

OoUUiil),."'. I. 

make (nietidj into 


US^Wrr"- ' 


ney by atamping it; 
nvent.— Ooto'«««(7l 

lualetent or Identi 


roapodding. -~ (Mn'olHlMm (-it 



Oo-ltlim fU-Iah'aA), n. Beiuai intorcourse ; « 
aak<(kGk;,R. Mineral coal cbarreil. — t, f. ' 
0^'oU-em (kGl'ki-kain), ( 

i (IStd) i 

t^r-al], D, On 

I(il-ut'*r«i-l7. ^^■ 


(^l/)i *< -^ ulul nude of illDsd ca 
boto^mrt' (-sflrf I, ». A cablMge -n 
the hiud hkft become flmit or of k ki 
doea not form ■ compact hoad. 

JO<>'lHp^»-ra (kB-rt-BpTt-r*), ■- pf. 
of InMCla hiTina homy wing autt- — I 
l»r-ll (-01), 0«'U-9^-OIU (-He), o. 
Hbealh«d wiDga. 

Oolto (kSllk), n, PalD Id tbe boveli 
iOk-r (-Ik-Jj, a. PerUlnrng to coLc 

Ool-UPM' (kai-llp'), V. i. [CoLLAnui (-Upgf ) ; 
COLLAnme.] To fall lo^hor AiddBnLy ; to 

ihriDkup.— n. A audden falling togetfaer; 

pleta pioitLStion, — Cal-lJi'iliai (-Ulp>>ht!i 

Oallu (klSl'lSl), n. SwnethW vorn 

OotllV (k61-Hf ). V 1. 
order.— aol-lc'taTl-l 
OoI-lAf n-il rtr - 

■ - wt.-bt 
tloa (kW-ivu 
iiu; areput ' 

O0i'l*Mnt(I(ai%),>>. OtKi DilU«l wim uotlie! 

■ putAer; an juudate. 

OotlMf (kS-ISktO, •• <- Tog>tlHrorbrli«t> 
■ether ) lo lofar aa a couBqiwDcs. — v,i. 1 
be mambled togetlier ; to MKmnuIaU ; to b 
lert toooaelnda. — OallMt (kEl'lSkt), R. _ 
■hart, oomprebeDilTe prajer. — Ool-l*Ot'rt 
(•mttdt.o. NotduCDncerUdicooIicompDaed, 

-tM-lMfiAvaH, n. -Od-lMfa l-vAttt), 

«tc — aoMMToi-ailll, Ool-lMPDr-«t* (4tl, n.' 
OOw or tniiadkUoTcJ ■ collector. - Osl-lwf • 
tU* (-I-b1), a. Capable of being collected. — 
OotUotlgn (-Hk'ihbi), n. Tbe act of coUect- 
bg; tUng gUbeied ; coDtribntion ; auemblage . 
CTOnp 1 meeting ; mau ; Klecthm. — (lol-l««t'< 
In ftT»), o. Formed by gathering ; infemng 
coDpraboidliv many. — 00l-lMt'lT«-lT> '""' 
In a mai^ or bodv ; rndtedlr. 
Ooll^a (kaiKJ), n. An awmblan or KKietT 
a learned body ; a eemlnarj of leornliig. — Ool-le' 
IIhU (Un-ie^lHil), Datlf Il-a1a <-&), a. Per 
utlnii^ to, or reaembbnfi, a college, ^n. A 
tnember of a ODUege. — Gol-lB'll-UI [-JT.<in), n 

Oollat (kSIOSt), n. a Bmall bend or ring ; pari 

Of a ring in wblcb a gem ia Bet. 
Ool-lUto' (kBl-lid'), V. i. To rtriko or d«h to- 

O^'li* (i>B>^), OoWt, 0«11*r. n- Tbo Scotcl 


of ooal ; adealet 
coal trade. -.- 
(-«•). A place 

>mding 01 Btrlk- 

Od-l^drai (k«-nl 

oppoeHioni i 

tkBTfrUai".*- To«itorpl«o;to 
.. . — -0«I'l»««'tloa(-ia'sliGn),n. Aetol 
pladng; diapealtlon: arrangenient. 

TO-lO'dtM (kSUe'dl-an). n. An adbedie aoln- 
tion of ran ootton in ether, used bi ^lotagra. 
phy and to cloae up wonnds. 

OolloplkBlttip).!!. A imaU alica or piece. 

OOI'LXOT (kKlli-kw]I}. n. Hutoal dlKoune ol 

two or morepereonB: dialogue; coDferen»< 

Ool-LO'tnl-d i-Wkvi-al), a. Pertainin; 

I: porpoaei decs 

— |.fllvJ,o. Fraudi 

trted; deceltloL'-Cal-ln'BiTt'lr.adv. 
IMI, n. — pm-ln'KHy (-a*-rj>, a, 

,ki-IBn'), n" 

OoHam (kSnfiD)," 

irfumod alcoholic liqu 

OfllB'nsKkOr'nel). n. The commander of a regi- 
ment.— Ools'nel-OT (-"?). Colo'D»l-slil» 
(4lilp), ■. The offloe, rank, or commliaioDcS 


parent etale ; a country planted i 
tl^lo'lil-ll(k0-15-nl-an.a. Pe ' 
ony. — GoVl)-Bitt(klil'e-n!r)tJ, 
inhabitant of a colony. — Ool'fl 

l-on.a. Pertaining 
LBI't-nlit), ». Ai£^ 

- lI'MllM (-niz), «. /. 
people bycoloniee. 


ol beinf cola 
iiljtjnglir m 

property of Uglit ; b 

pL m bonnBr ; flag ; ensign. ^ e. L [i 
Uid) 1 CoutEisa.] ToIJDt; todye; t 

ond (-ird). a. Having color ; dyed or 

— Ool'oi-a-lil» <4i-b'l 

Dsl'OI-lIt. n. A pail 

). a. Ueelgned M cok 
plausible ; oeKneibie. - 
— Ool'OI-Et-my, adtJ.- 

OoI'OI-lSU, a. Deatitut 


e, Ciant, Idea, «bej, Qnlta, e*!*, Urm, Aak, Bill fluli 

Ool'tn (km' 

n. TliB AhkTp 


(kS1'niii-bt-i«), n. A dOTSC 

Otl'uil-bllia (kUl'IiiD-liii). it. 
jupuitoinli — 


_ (kai'nm), K. A cyllDdi 

>k or newspaper. — Oo-lnm'iiu' (kO-ISt 

Ol>l^(k)H'tt>,t>. A cabbwe whon »edi al 
SB oU UHd Id liEbtJDE uidlubiii^uiiiK. 

tfMOA iKSfmi), n. Propensity IfLJlsep ; 1 
■ny. — dn'MlrtaW (kiJ'mA-1%' er kOm 
OinnA-tniB (-tfla), a. l>tharf(ic ^ Arowty. 

IGVBk (kinoi). n. Tbe envelope of > anna 
Oymita (-mtt), a. Hairy ; biuhy. 

OOMb (kBm), n. A tooUiedimplaioanf 
Lng orihljuatiiig hi 


bumiDH ; A oonflagratioii. 
OOIU (k&n), V. i. [imp. CiM (klm) ; p. p. O 

(kfim); p. pr. CoHDta,] To Tnovetownrd; 

■pproicb ; to draw Deu-. — Osm'n. n. 
Ol)m't.|lT (kAni^.d]p), n. An uauaiDo; diunut 

Oi>-iu'dl-an(kt-in£'dI.fiu),n. An actor in o 

Otmt'lJ (kflmlf), a. Hapdaome : gncsful ; ■ 
proportioned. •- adv. In * becoDiing raHU 
— Oiima^nM*, n. 

OMllM^-bU [kl-mBa'tl-b'l}, a. EaUble ; « 
lent.— n. pj. EataUn; food. 

Oomr*t(k)>in%),n. AmeinberoIUHBlaii^nt 

Kcentric (Kbit. —Com'- I 
Bt-R-n (-t-rt), OO-IMt'- I 
lo (kt-mM^k), a. Pec- ■ 

Oomttt (kB^c), Com'- I 

Omlt^ (kOmfZit), V. I, I 
To a^er under afflictioD ■ 
or dsprssdon ; to aolace ; 

JoytoBnti ebeer. — Oom'fart-«r,>i.— 
■-bio, a. ADordlna or en)Djiing dob 

A bedqutlt. — OomTtoit-k-bl j, adt. — , 

a-bli-nMi,n. — 04im'lai1-lBU,a. Without 

lOBtnr (kDm'frt), n. A mediclna] pUnt. 

lom'lD (kBmlk), tlom'lD-il (-T-knl), a. RtMbig 
to comedy i droll ; laugbablo ; tidlcnlona. — 
Oomlo-il-lT, adv. — Omn1o-*l-n«u, Oaafir 
Wd-i-W <-WU'i-tf;), n. ~ 

°™lii, (. 


pToceflB of naing a c[ 

CoMaiTiBo.] To >i 
To light with 1 to 0) 

— Oamb^nti n. Act or 

knm'-), V. <. [Con 
rarals ; to contand. - 

.Wlkt; encoinileri atr 
It), 0. CoDtendln; : dii 
0ns who engages lo eo 

Puanaciona. — OomTwt-lTt-nBJS, B. 

Oom-bliW (kSm-binM, v. t. & i. [Cohukid 
(-bXod'}^ GOMBiNDia.l To unite; to Join; to 
utee. — Oam'M-u'tlan (ktlm'bl-ni'ahan). n. 
Union ; anodatlon ; alliance ; conspiracy ; ca- 
bal Ooill-blll'i«-lT(-hin'M-IJ).'fdi. Jointly. 

OaitllM^-U« (kOni-bDitl-b'l), s. Capable of 

tta, norait, Arb, inda, f^ On, MM, ftfM, snt, i 

I, cAuir, sOi aiDff, Jok^ dKO, tlllv 




ezisfeenoe of aiwthing ; rise ; origin ; beginning ; 
the day when degrees are conferred by colleges. 

Ckm-mtnd' (k5m-mBndO, v. t. To praise ; to rec- 
ommend. — 00Ol-m«lld'a-Ue (-&-b'l), a. Laud- 
aUe ; praiseworthy. — Oom-m«nd'a-ol»-llMft« n. 
— Gom-m«nd'a-bl7, adv, — Gom'm«n-datlon 
(-mfin-da'shfin), n. Praise ; approbation ; kui- 
dation. — Oom-m«nd'a-to-r7 ( -mSnd'A-ti-ij^ ), 
a. Serving to commend. 

Ckua-llian'Bll-Xate (kSm-mSn'sh^-rtt), a. Haying 
a common measure ; equal in measure or ex- 
tent ; proportional.— Oom-man'sn-ratd-ly, adv. 
— Oom-m«n'Bn-ra'tloii(-rS'8hiSn),n. The state 
of being commensurate ; reduction to a com- 
mon measure. — Oom-man'an-ra-ble (-r&-b'i), 

a. Having a common measure. — GOfli-iaoil'- 

sn-ra-bil'i-ty (-r&.bTi'T-tj^), Gom-man'an-ra- 
ble-noss, n. — Oom-men'sa-ra-bly, adv. 

Oom'iaant (kSm'mSnt), V. i. To explain by re- 
marks, observations, or criticisms. -• n. An 
explanatory remark or criticism; an observa- 
tion ; a stricture ; an explanation. 

Ckua'man-ta-ry (-mfin-tt-^), n. Annotation^ ex- 
planation ; memoir of psoticular transactions. 

— Oom'man-ta'tor (-tsaer), Gom'maat'or 

(kSm'mSut'Sr), n. One who comments. 
Ckna'morGa (k5m'm8rs), n. Interchange of com- 
modities; trade; traffic; personal intercourse. 
— Oom-mer'oial (-mSr'shal), a. Pertaining to, 
or engaged in, commerce; mercantile. — (Mm- 

mor'oifll-ly, adv. 

Ckua'Illi-lia'tloiL (kSm^mT-nS'shthi), n. Threat; 
denunciation. — Oom-min'a-tO-ry ( - mTn ' & - 1^- 
rf), a. Threatening. 

Oom-mln'glo (k5m-mTn'g'l), v. t. & i. To mix ; 
to mingle ; to unite ; to blend. 

Oorn'mi-nilte (kSm'mt-nut), V. i. To reduce to 
minute particles; to pulverize; to grind. — 
Ooni^mi-lI11'tlon(-nu'Bh&n), n. Pulverization. 

Ckmi-mlS'er-ato (kom-mlz'Sr-at), V. L To feel sor- 
row, pain, or regret for ; to pity ; to lament ; to 
condole. — Oom-mls'er-atlon (-i'shlin), n. 
Pity ; sympathy ; condolence. — Com-miS'er-a- 
tlvo (-mTz'Sr-&-ttv), a. Feeling or expressing 
commiseration. — Oom-mls'or-a^tor (-S'tSr), n. 

Oom'&llS-M-ry (kSm'mts-si-rf ), n. A deputy ; a 
commissioner ; a military officer having charge 
of a special department, especially that of sub- 
sistenoe. — Oom'mis-sa'rl-at (-sa'rT-Xt), n. The 
organized system of food supply for armies, etc. ; 
a body of officers charged with this service. 

Oom-mu^slOIl (k5m-mTsh'iSn), n. The act of com- 
mitting, doing, or perpetrating ; charge ; trust ; 
body of persons intrusted with the exercise of 
some duty ; warrant ; authority ; thing to be 
done as agent for another ; compensation to a 
factor or agent. — v. t. To give a commission 
to ; to authorize ; to empower ; to depute. — 
Gom-mls'slon-or, n. One empowered to act. — 
llOom-mla^slon-iialro' (-mTsh/fin-fti' ; F. ki-mS'- 
syt-n&r'), n. An agent or factor ; a guide or 

Oomlnls-Sliro (kSm'mT-shnr or kSm-mTsh'fir), n: 
A joint, seam, or line of junction. 

Oom-mit' (k5m-mTt0t v. t. [Gomhittsd; Com- 
MiTTiMo.] To give in trust ; to do ; to perform ; 
to consign ; to pledge. -—. Com-mifmont, n. Act 
of committing, esp. to prison. — Oom-mit'tal 
(-tal), n. Act of committing ; a pledge. 

Oom-mittee (k5m-mtt'td), n. A body of persons 
appointed to attend to any business. 

OOBL'llllz' (kSm-mTks^, v.t.&i. To mix ; to min- 
gle; to blend. — Oom-mlX'lOB (-mTk'shttn), n. 
Mixture. — Gom-mlxtliza (-miks'chyr), n. Act 
of mixing; a mixed mass; a compound. 

Gom-modO' (k&n-mOdOf n« An article of furniture. 

Gom-mo'dl-OIIS (k5m - mQ ' dT - &s), a. Affording 
ease and convenience ; comfortable. — OOU' 
mo'dl-oiu-ly, adv. — Gom-mcKdl-oiuhiiaM, n. 

Oom-mod't-ty (k5m-m8dt-ty), n. Interest; ad- 
vantage ; an article of merchandise. 

CIO]ll'ai^ore'(k5m'nid-d5r^),n. The commander 
of a squadron. 

Gooi'mon (k5m'mfin), a. Belonging to many; gen- 
eral; frequent; usual; public; vulgar; mean. 
— n. A tract of ground uninclosed or belonging 
tothepublic. — v./. To use together ; tobofud 
together. — OomlnoBl (-mfinz), n. pi. Com- 
mon people ; the lower house of the British par- 
liament ; food at a common table ; fare. — Oom'- 
mon-w, n. One not noble. — Gorn'mon-afo 
(-&j), n. Bight of pasturing on a common, or 
of using anything m common with others. — 
Oom'moil-al-ty (-tl-t^), n. The common people ; 
the mass of the pubUc — OomlBOll-ly, adv. 
Usually ; generally. — Com ' mon - liess, n. — 
Oom'UOll-pIace' a kSm'mfin-plas/ ), a. Com- 
mon ; hackneyedVordinary. — n. A trite re- 
mark ; a platitndeX 

Oom'Buni-Woal' (k5m'mfin-wel'), OoBL'SlOll- 
woaltll^ (-w61th'), n. Public government; 
state; body politic. 

Oofll-motiolL (kSm-mS'shfin), n. Violent motion ; 
agitation; tumult. 

Oom-miine' (kSm-mun'), v. «'. [CoMHumD 
( - mund ' ) ; Communino. j To converse famil- 
iarly ; to confer ; to receive the communion ; to 
partake of the Lord's supper. — Gom-mil'nl- 
cant (-mu'ni-kant), n. One who partakes of 
the Lord's supper. 

Oom'mimo (kSm'mun), n. A small territorial 
district in France, its people, or its govern- 
ment. — Gomlnil-lial, a. Pertaining to a com- 
mune. — Com'mil-nal-lsm, n. A French politi- 
cal doctrine that each commune forms a state, 
largely independent of the national government. 
•— Ocfil'iail-lial-lst, n. An advocate of com- 
munalism. — Com^mu-nal-lstlo, a. Pertaiping 
to communalism. 

Oom-mu'lll-oate (k5m-mu'uT-kat), v. L To im- 
part ; to reveal. — v. <. To share ; to partici- 
pate ; to have or afford means of intercourse. 
— Oom-mii'ni-oa'tor (-kS^tSr), n. — Com-mii'- 
ni-oa-ble (-k&-bU), a. Capable of being commu- 
nicated or imparted. — Oom-mil'lll-ca'tlon 
(-ka'shiSn), n. Act of communicating ; inter- 
course ; thing communicated or imparted ; cor- 
respondence ; a letter ; intelligence ; news. — 
OOBL-mnlli-oa-tlYe (-k&-tTv), a. inclined to 
communicate ; unreserved. — OOBk • nn ' nl - Oft- 
tlve-noM, n. 

Oom-miin'loil (kSm-mun'ytin), n. Intercourse; 
fellowship ; concord ; unity ; a body of Chris- 
tians united in faith and discipline; celebra- 
tion of the Lord's supper. 

Oom'Slll-nifllll (kSm'mn-nYz'm), n. The doctrine 
of community of property among all citizens of 
a state or society ; a scheme for equalizing social 
conditions. — OoflI'mil-nist, n. An advocate of 
communism. — Oofli'mil-lllstio ( - nTs 'tTk ), a. 
Pertaining to communism or communists; liv- 
ing in common, as certain birds, etc. 

S#e, 1, 5, a, long; ft, fi,I,tt,tt, j^,8liort ; lenAte, tvent, tdea, dbey, ttnite, cftn, ttm., jksk, nU, fliud, 


F (kBm-mu'nl-tJ), n. ( 

Uc i » number of pereona living under nil 

Ooai4inU' (kOiD-nHif)! "■ *• 7o eichinni to 
leflud ; to dimlulih. ^v, i. To bu:BUii for 
■ to pitT Id grtm, lit- 
■n-mvm, n-— Ohb- 

— Onin'mB- 

md of port bj part. — OraL-mwa 
UftVU, a. CipaUs of Mm « 
otHEf a-UHWM, Oan-iBBi'irl 

— 0«m-nBfa-tiT«(-i 

BfdaClT« to flxcbauae; . 

Wn (kGm^A-^tir). n. An appUi 

OMPWP (kSm-patf), a. ClOHly uid''ttniily 
nnUAdtRudnct ;utLd;dfliiH.^v.f. Topreu 
togsthn I to coDMlidiite i to lengua witti. — 
Oni'pUt (kSn'ldftt), n. An lanenwnt be- 
tm« ftiUea ; a c»T«i»t ; n cootnct. — Oom- 
ptdMr (-plkfir), mtt. — Otm.-rum.ttM, n. 

flW-fUI'lan tkHiB-pln'fllD), n. An uaoolBte ; ■ 
comnds ; ■ mate ; ui BccompllEB. — Oom-pui'- 
lan-R-bU, I. A!(»eBbl« u ■ companion ; locis- 
bl«.~ODm-iin1oii-ililp,n. FeUovship ; uao- 

Onn'pa-iij (ktlm'pi-nf ), n. Tlie itiits of twiner > 


tho mutual rfitikUoiu 
nnect ^ui adjective, hicoTdiug 
ipurEuD). — T. I. To be like ; 

JKting twethar ; Ab» 
OtU-pul' (kSm-pKr'), 

COHPAUHS.] To oil 

of ; to liken ; tn Infle 
tod^neiof c* 

(kOm'pi-rt-b'l), a! Warthf,oV»pftbie,~ot bfr 
Ing compared. — Osm'pt-ii-bty, adv. — Osm- 
pu'l-ttT* (-pOt'ih-tli), a. Eatiiuiitad byoom- 
pMlsoninotpadllTe.— Oom-lU'a-tlTk-ViliII'. 
— OOBL-pt»«On (-I-iBd bt -I'n), b. A coro- 

_._ anything li divided. 

II (Wio'paB), n. icinniitiaboundiiiy 

flktent; oapu^^; a magnetic 

Inatrurnent, lodicoting tbe ^ 

nortb; pi. drawing instru- ^ ^ 

s^"ciKf«n^- 5.' (.*[coM- 2 s 

to obtain ; to grasp ; Co plot. ^ "# 

OsB-pu'ilon (kSm-plBl/nn), 
n. A ■uCtering with an- ^™,„.. 

OtbOf I pitv ; imnMUij. — t-ompe"- 

Oom-SU'Mm-aM l-tt), a. inclined to dU; ; 
merciful ; kind. — don-pu'tloii-ats-ly. ndv. - 
0(W-pu'*l0B4U (-It), n. (. To pitj i to com' 

OOBl-uyi-bl* IkSm-pIt/ n. Ckmdatent ; ao 
cordBnt; agreeable; At. >- Oom-Vtn-bly, adv. 
— Oom-uvl-Ul't-ty (-l-btn-ty), n. 

Oom-pitil-at (kani-pl'trl-at),n. OoeofChe 

ODm-pMI' (kSm-liCT'), n. An «qual ; a compan. 

0^-p«l' (kllm-pSl')> "■ '• [CoMPnJJD (-pWdl ; 

CouFKLUxa.] To drive by force ; to conUnin ; 

to cosrca. — tlrai-lMlla-Ua (-li-bl), a. 
ClMVBid-U'tlOIl(kan>'p«-lI'Bblln), n. Hunerol 



__ (kSm'pSnd), n. A brief oompllathiB; 

an abridgment i a aummarT. — Oon-pm'U'OIW 
(-p«n'dl-ll>), B. Bnmmed up teletfy ; abort; 
conclie; comprebenaive, — Oai>-«n'dl-oiu-l7, 
adv. — OSB-pMl'dl-aa (-pen'df-llm), n. An 
al>rldg[menb or epitome. 
Ooiil'PUl'Wtt (kdm'pXn-elt or kQm.p41n'aEt), v. i. 
4 f To recompense j to requite ; to counlor- 
balanoa. — BBm'pntntlBii (kBm'pSn-iS'abnn), 

— Cwi-peil'lk-UT« (klhu-pi^'ak-tTi), OimL- 
pan'il-tlMT (-tS-rJ). a. ABordipg natlsfaction. 
OoB-pM^ (kBw^tn, e. <. To contend; to rival. 
-Own'pMi'tKmCklSin'pfrtTsli'linI, n. A com. 
peUng ; ■ conCeit ; a at^e for the tame object 
or for luperlorln ; emulation ; rivalry. — Oom- 
prt'l-ti™ {-p«t^-tlv), a. Pertalniog tij compo- 
ation:emolouB. — Ooia-p«fi-titt (tar), n, A 

iODl'liit-Uat (kSm'pt-t<nt)i a. Adequito ; lufG- 
cleat I qnalltleil ; Bt. — Oom'ps-tBIlt-ly, ode. — 

n. Duffloiencj ; adequacy- 
OoiB'pt-Iltloii, OoiL-pat'1-t 

—Om^'a, n. — (taB'pl-Utlan (kSm'pI-O'- 
ahfln}, n. A compiling i work compiled. 

lom'PUt'OOat (kCm-plirunt), a. OraUfied; dla- 
placing aatiabctlon.— Oom-pU'oiBMT, adv. — 
aom-iOR'MBaa (-wna), C«m-pl«'Ma-«r (-am- 
1^), ». Plaauie; latlifaction-. civility. 

lnm-pUlIt' (kUm-plin'), v. i. [Compiadud 
(-plfcdO J Coan-iiaiaaA To murmur; to la- 

pl«lll'*r,n. — Oom->llUll'Ut<-aDt),n. Aplaio- 
{in.— Oom-plalnt't-piuit^.n. fiipre»ionof 

courteey : urbmity ; good breeding. — Goni'' 
pl>l-UIIt<<-illnf),a. Detlrouatopleaae; kindly 

(kSm'plt.mnil), n. That vblcb 
.mething else : At full number, — 

. (-mSn'tnl). Otm'plS-mai'bi- 

ly (-m«nt4-rt), o. 9orving to corapleto. 
■— i-pleta' (klSn-plBf). a. Finished: perfect; 



-plex^-^ <-plSka'. 


Odm'plu^an (■piBfehiio), i 

Omn-plM'IWl-kl (-^1), x- Pertaining to the 

l«m-Pll'UC« <kl5m-pli'iini). n. The act of com. 
plyfng; dispoailion to yield; aaeent.— Oom-pll'- 
ULt(-anC). n. Yleldii^; aubmlssive; obliging. 
— Oom-pli'imt-ly, adv. 

■om^ll-^kts (kSm'plI-kSt), v. I. To twlrt to- 

K;tier ; to interweave ; to render comploi ; to 
'olve. ^a- Composed of two or more parts 
- aCly 

t, ttrb, rude, fvll. Om, CfTod, fiAt, o 




i-kiMf), adv. — Ctam'^ll-oate-nesB, n. — Ctam'- 
pU-«a4nr (kBm'piT-u-s;^), Oom'pll-oanion 

(-kS'shttn), n. A confused blending of parts ; 
entanglement; complexity. 

Oom-plM'l-ty (k5m-plis^-ty), n. Condition of 
being an accomplice. 

Oom'pli-nitnt (kSm'pIT-ment), n. An act or ex- 
pression of approbation, regard, or admiration ; 
delicate flattery. —»./.& i. To praise ; to flat- 
ter ; to commend. — Oom'pli-mtntal (-m6n'- 
tal), Oom'pU-mtnta-ry (-mSn'ti-rj^), a. Ex- 
pressive of civility or praise; congratulatory; 

Oom'pUno (kSm'pITn), Ckun'^Un, n. Evening 

Oom'piOt (k5m'pl5t), ft. A conspiracy ; cabal. — 
Oom-p|Ot' (k5m-pl5f), v.t&i. [GoMPLomD ; 
CoMPLOTTHTO.] To plot together ; to c<nispire. 

Oom-ply' (k5m-pli')i V. t. [Complied (-pud') ; 
CoHFLTuro.] To yield assent; to accord; to 
agree ; to acquiesce. 

Oom-po'llMtt (kSm-pS^nent), a. Serving or help- 
ing to form; constituting.— -n. A constituent 
Itart ; an im^dient. 

Oom-port' (kcan-p9rt0) v. i. To agree ; to accord ; 
to suit.— v. /. To behave; to conduct (one*s 
self). — Com-port'mtnt (-ment), n. Demeanor ; 

Oom-post't V. t. [CoMPOSBD (-pSsdQ ; Comfobiiio.] 
To put together (thoughts in writing, type for 
printing, etc.) ; to originate ; to constitute ; to 
form; to soothe; to allay; to quiet. — Oom- 
MMd' (-p52dOt a. Calm; quiet; tranquil.— 

Com-pot'Ad-ly (-Sd-ij^), a£rv. — Oom-pos'ed- 

lIMUt n. — Oom-pos'er, n. One who composes ; 
an author (esp. of music). — Oom-pos'tte (-p8z'- 
f t), a. Made up of parts ; compounded. — Oom'- 
ptHd^On ( - pi - sish ' dn ), n. A composing; 
a mixture ; combination ; production ; adjust- 
ment; written work. — Odn-pos'l-tor (-pocT- 
tSr), n. One who composes ; one who sets type. 

Ckon'post (k5m'p5st), n. A mixture for fertili- 
zing land. — ■ V. t. To manure. 

Oom-po'siire (kSm-pS'zhvr), n. Calmness; se- 
dateness ; order. 

Ckmi-pOimd' (k5m-pound')t v. t. To put together ; 
to mix in one mass ; to combine ; to unite, —v. i. 
To come to an agreement. — Oom'poimd (k5m'- 
pound), a. Composed of elements, ingredients, 
or itarts. — n. A mixture. 

Oom'pre-lieild' (kSm^prS-hfind'), V. t. To contain ; 
to include ; to comprise ; to understand. — Oom'- 
pre-hMl'Bl-Uo (-bSn'sT-b*!), a. Intelligible. — 

Oom'pro-lieii'Bl-ble-neM, Com'pre-lion/si-bll'- 
l-ty GhBn/sT-bTl ' t - ty ), n. — Ctom'pro-lieB'Blon 

(-hSn'shiin), n. A comprehending ; capacity ; 
perception. — Oofll'pre-lian'slve (-sTv), a. In- 
cluding much in small space ; large ; full ; capa- 
cious. — Oom' pro - hen 'bIvo - ly, adv. — Oom'- 
pre-hon'slve-noss, n. 
Ckmi -press' (k5m-pr68'), v. t. [Compbwskd 
(-presf) ; CoMFRBSsiNO.] To press together ; to 
squeeze ; to condense. — OOBl'press (kSm'prSs), 
n. A pad used by surgeons. — Oom-press'i'ble 
(-prSs'I-b'l) a. Capable of being pressed to- 

S ether. — Com-press'l-ble-ness, Oom-press'l- 
U't-ty (-I-bIi'I-ty),n.-Oom-pres'sion 
(-prSsh'&n), n. Act of pressing ; state of being 
compressed. — Oom-pres'Slve (-sTv), a. Hav- 
ing power to compress. — Oom-prerSOr (-sSr), 
n. — Oom-pres'snre (-prgsh'yr), n. Pressure. 

Ckun-prlse' (kSm-prlzOt v. t [CoimmD (-prizdO ; 
CoMPBisxNO.] To comprehend; to include; to 
involve ; to imply. — Oom-pris'al (-pri'zal), n. 
A comprising ; comprehension. 

Oom'J^V-lllise (k5m'pr$-miz), n. Agreement in 
which mutual concessions ara made. —v. t. To 
adjust by mutual concessions; to commit; to 
put to hazard. —V. i. To make an agreement. 

Oom'pro-mit (k5m'pri-mTf ), v. t. [Comfsomit- 
TKD ; CoMpROMimNo.] To promiso ; to pledge ; 
to compromise. 

Oomp-trorier (k9n-tr5ia8r), n. A controller; — 
an officer who examines and certifies accounts. 

Gom-pnl'Slon (k5m-plil'8hiin), n. The act of com- 
pelling ; force applied ; constraint. — OOQBl-pill'- 

sa-to-ry (-s&-t9-Tj^), Oom-piil'so-ry (-si-rj^), 

Oom-pu'slve (-sTv), a. Having power to com- 

8 si ; forcing. — Oom-pilI'SO-rl-ly (- s* - rT - Ij^), 
om-pnl'slve-ly, adv. 
Oom-pimotlon (k5m-p&nk'shttn), n. Remorse; 
reproach of conscience. — Com - pimo ' tloil|i 
(-^Qs], a. Having compunction ; repentant. 
OOOl-pillO' (k5m-put'), V. t. To determine by cal- 
culation ; to reckon ; to estimate. — OOBL-vaf or* 

Oom'pn-tlst (kSm'pd-tTst), ».~Oom'pn-tatloii 

(kSm^pu-ta'shiin^, n. A reckoning ; calculation. 

Oom'rado (k5m'r&i or -r&d), n. A mate, com- 
panion, or associate. 

Oon (k5n), V. t. [CoKNSD (k5nd) ; Connino.] 
To study over ; to peruse ; to memorize. 

Oon-oat'e-nate (kSn-kSft-nSt), v. t. To link to- 
gether ; to unite in a successive series. — Coil> 
cat'e-nation (-nS'shtln), n. A series of links 
united, or of things depending on each other. 

Con'oavo (kSn^kav or k5n'-), a. Hollow and 
curved or rounded. —n. A hollow; an arch; 
a vault. — Con-cay'l-ty (k5n-kSv0r-tj^), ». Hol- 
lowness of a rounded body. 

Con-oeal' (k5n-sS10i v. t. [Cokcbalkd (-seld') ; 
CoNOBAUNO.] To hide ; to disguise ; to dissem- 
ble ; to secrete. — Con-oeal'a-blo (-&-b'l), a. 
Capable of bein^ concealed. — Gon-coal'iaent, 
n. A hidinff ; hiding place ; disguise. 

Con-OOdo' (kon-sSd'), v. t. To yield ; to grant ; to 
admit to be true ; to surrender. — v. i To make 
concession ; to yield. 

Oon-oelf (kSn-sSf ), n. Fancy ; ranity ; pride of 
opinion, —v. U To fancy ; to imagine. — Oon- 
Celfed, a. Vahi ; egotistical. — Oon-COtfOd-ly 
(-fid-lj^), adv. — Con-celt'od-noBB, n. 

Oon-ceive' (k9n-eSv'), V. t. [CoNCBivsD (-sSvd'} ; 
CoNCBFViNa.] To form (a plan, idea, etc.]), in 
the mind) ; to apprehend ; to suppose ; to think. 
—17. t. To become pregnant ; to think. — Con- 
oetv'a-llle (-&-bU), a. Capable of being con- 
ceived or comprehended ; intelligible. — Oon- 
colv'a-bly (-biy), adv. 

Oon-oon'ter (kSn-sSn'tSr), Oon-centro, v. t. & t. 
[CoNCENTERBD (-terd) or Concentred; Cok- 
cfENTERiNo (-tSf-Tng) or Concentring (-trTng).] 
To come or brii^ to a point. 

Oon-oen'tratO (kSn-sSn'trIt or k8n's8n-), v. t. To 
bring to a common center ; to unite more closely ; 
to combine. — Gon'OOn-tra'tlon (kSn^sfin-trS'- 
shiLn), n. Act of concentrating ; state of being 
concentrated. — Oon-con'tra-tlve (-sBn'trA-ttv), 
a. Serving tc.concentrate. — Gen-OOn'tra-tlYe- 
nOSS, n. — Gon'cen-tra'tor (k5n'sgn-tra/t8r), n. 

Gon-cen'trlo (kSn-sSn'trlk), Gon-oen'trlc-al(-trT- 
kal), a. Having a common center. — Gon-OOn'- 
trio-al-ly. adv.- Gon'oon-trlc'1-ty (-trlsT-ty), n. 

ft, 9, 1,5, a, long; ft,«,I,5,a, j^,ahort;a8iiftto»tvflat,td«a,5bey,llidte,oftre,ttnn,Aik,§ll,fiiud| 




OOBfWpi (kSn'sSpt), n. An abstract general con- 
ception ; notion. — Oon-CSP'tlOlI (kSn-sSp'shtln), 
n. A conceiving ; state of being conceived ; 
formation in the mind of an image, idea, or no- 
tion ; apprehension. — Oon-oep'tlve (-sfip'ttv), 
a. Capable of conceiving. 

Oon-cenL' (kSn-sem'), V. t. [GoKCBBNBD (-sernd') ; 
CoNCBBNiNG.] To belong or relate to ; to affect ; 
to disturb. —n. An affair ; care ; anxiety ; re- 
gard ; a business ; a firm. — Gon-cem'ing.prep. 
Pertaining to; regarding; with resp€N;t to. — 
Otn-CMrn'meiLt (-ment), n. Affair; interest; 
importance ; anxiety. 

Ocn-eert' (k5n-sSrf), v. t. & i. To plan together ; 
to devise ; to contrive. — Oon'oert (kCn'sSrt), n. 
Agreement ; plan ; harmony ; a musical enter- 
tainment. — Oon^cer-tl'na (-sSr-te'ni), n. A 
musical instrument of the accordion species. 

Oon-oes/slon (kSn-sSsh'tin), n. A conceding or 
granting ; a thing yielded ; a grant ; a boon. — 
Oon-ces'Blvo (-ses'sTv), a. Implying concession. 

Oonoll (kSnk), n. A marine 
shelL — Oon'Ohold (k5n'- 
koid), n. A peculiar geb- 
metrical curve. — Gon- 
Obotd'al (k5n-koid'al), a. 
Formed like" a shell. — 
Gon-c]iol'o-K7 (-k51'o-jy), 
n. Science of shells ; mal- 
acology. — Gon-choFo-fflst 
(-jTst), ». One versed in 
conchology. — Gon'cllO-lOg'tO-al (kSn/kd-lSjT- 
kal), a. Pertaining to conchology. 

flGon'cterge' (kdN'sytrzhO* n. A doorkeeper ; a 

Oon-Cil'l-ate (kSn-sTlT-St), v. t. To gain by favor; 



(-a'shlin^, n. A conciliating ; reconciliation. 
Ckn-elSO' (k5n-sis^), a. Expressing much in few 
words ; terse ; brief ; comprehensive ; succinct. 

— Oon-clseay, adv. — Oon-ctse'noss, n. — 
Gon-Cl'Blon (-sTzh'&n), n. A cutting off ; a di- 
vision; a faction. 

Oon'Clave (kSn'klSv or k5n'-), n. A private apart- 
ment ; a private meeting ; a meeting of the cardi- 
nals to elect a pope. 

Con-OlUde' (kSn-kludO* V. t' To bring to an end ; 
to finish ; to determine ; to decide ; to infer. — 
v. t. To come to an end ; to close ; to terminate. 

— Oon-elud'er, n.— Gon-oln'slon (-kiu'zhlin), 
91. End ; decision ; inference. — Oon-clTl'8lV6 
(-sTv), a. Final ; ultimate ; definitive. — Gon- 
oln'slve-lT, adv. — Gcn-cln'slYO-noss, n. 

G«n-COCt' (kOn-kSkf), v. L To digest ; to ripen ; 
to devise ; to contrive ; to plan ; to plot. — Gon- 
COCf er, n. — Oon-COOtion (-kSk'shiin), n. Di- 
gestion ; a bringing to perfection or maturity ; 
contrivance. — Gon - COCt ' Ive ( • k5k ' tl v ), a. 
Tending to mature ; digestive. 

Gon-COm^-tant (k5n-k5m^T-tant), a, Accom- 
panying ; concurrent ; attending. — n. One 
connected with another ; a companion ; an ac- 
companiment. — Gon-oom'l-tant-ly, adv. — Gon- 
oom'l-tancoC-tans), Gon-com'i-tan-cy (-tan-sj^), 
n. A being t(^ether ; accompaniment. 

Gon'oord (kraOcdrd), ». Agreement; harmony; 
union ; a dark blue American g^ape. — Gon- 
OOrd'ance (kSn-kdrd'ons), n. Agreement ; con- 
sonance ; a minute verbal index to a book. — 

Oon-cord'ant (-ant), a. A^preeing ; harrnddooa 

— Gcn-oord'ant-ly, adv, 

Gon'courae (kSn^ors), n. A moving or running 
together; an assembly; a crowd. 

Gon'cre-mont (kSn'kr^-ment), n. A mass formed 
by concretion, or natural union. 

Gon-cros'COnce (kSn-krSs'sSns), n. A growing by 
spontaneous union, or by coalescence. — GOU- 
cres'oivo (-sTv), a. Growing together. 

Oon'crete (kSn'kretor k5n'-), a. United in 
growth ; formed by coaliticm of particles into one 
body ; not abstract. — n. A compound ; a mass ; 
artificial stone. — Gon-orote' (kon-kref ), v. i, & 
t. To unite in a mass. — Gon-crete'ly, adv. — 
Gon-crete'noss, ». — Goii-cre^on(-krS'sh&n), 
n. A concreting ; a mass ; a lump. — Gon-^e'- 
tive (-ttv), a. Promoting concretion. 

Gon'on-t^O (k5n'kd-bin), n. A woman who co- 
habits with a "man without marriage. — Gon- 
cunbi-nage (kSn-ku'bT-n&j), n. Cohabitation 
without marriage.— Gon-C1l1)l-]ial, Gon-onlli- 
na-ry (-na-rj^), a. Pertaining to a concubine or 
to concubinage. 

GciL-C1l'pts-C0nt (k5n-ku'pTs-s6nt), a. LasfcfuL 
— Gon-cn'plft-coice (-sens), n. Lust. 

Gon-onx' (kSn-kdr'), v. i. [Concubbbo (-kOrd') ; 
CoNCUBBiNG.] To meet in the same point ; to act 
jointly ; to unite in opinion ; to assent. — GoOr 
cnx'renOO (-k&r'rens), n. Union ; conjunction ; 
agreement. — Gon-cnrlmit (-rent), a. Acting 
in conjunction ; cooperating ; associate. — Gon- 
onr'rent-ly, adv. Unitedly. 

Gon-cns'BlOlL (kSn-ktish'fin), n. A shaking; 
a shock ; a jar. — Gon-CIUI'SlYe (-bYv), o. Im- 
parting concussion. 

Gon-demn' (kSn-dSmO* «• ^ [Condbmitsd 
(-dSmd') ; Condbmnino (-dSm'nYng or -dSm'- 
Ing).] To pronounce to be wrong ; to censure , 
to doom ; to sentence. — Gon-dsmlior (-d6m^- 
nSr or -dSm'Sr), n. — Gon-dem'lia-Uo (-n^b*l), 
a. Worthy of condemnation ; blameworthy; cul- 
pable. — Gcn^dem-na'ticii (kSn^dSm-nS^sh&n), 
n. Act of condemning ; blame ; sentence. — 
Gcn-dem'XLa-to-ry (-dSm'n^t^-rj^), a. Express- 
ing or implying condemnation. 

Gon^ense' (kSn-dSns^), v. /. & i. [CoifDBNSBD 
(-dSnst^); CoNDBNSiNa.l To make or become 
more dense ; to consolidate ; to thicken. — Gon- 
dena'M: (-dSn'sSr), n. — Gon-d«n'8a-ble (-dSn'- 
s&-b'I), a. Capable of being condensed. — Gon- 
den'sate (k5n-dSn'sat), V. t. & i*. To condense. 

— Grai^dan-sa^on (kSnMSn-sS'sh&n), n. Con- 
solidation. — Gon-d«n'8a-tive (kSn-d6n's&-tIv), 
a. Tending to condense. 

Gon'de-soend' (k5nM6-s6nd'), v. i. To let one^s 
self down ; to waive a privilege of rank or posi- 
tion ; to deign ; to vouchsafe. — Gon^de-BOand'- 
Ing-ly, adv. By way of condescension. — Conf' 
de-SOan'Kton (-sSn'shiin), n. Complaisance; 
courtesy; affability. 

Gon-dlan' (k5n-din'), a. Deserved ; merited ; 
suitable. — Gon-dignly (-dinlj^), adv. — Gon- 
dign'ness, n. 

Gon'di-mont (k5n'dt-ment), n. Something to 
give relish to food ; seasoning. 

Gon-di'tLon (k5n-dTsh'&n), n. State : quality ; 
term or article of agreement. — «.«.&<. [Cov- 
DinoKBD (-dtsh'iind) ; CoNDrnoNiNO.1 To con- 
tract ; to stipulate. — Gcn-dltion-ai (-al), a. 
Containing, implying, or depending on, condi- 
tions ; not absolute. — Gon-ditioil-al-ly, adv. 

Km, XMent, Orb^ ni^ ^V^ ^™* Xood, i<A>t| out, €iil, cbair, go, auig, ink, tben, Uiin. 


Oan'dl-to-tT (kth/dl-tt-Tf), ». A npn>i(i>r}> i. 

boldinir tmngr 

■mint (-dfll'mmi,, 
Kiprewlon of griet 


™>, ».-d 

Om-do'lmuw (-dStsm), 
Oon-flfla*' (kOBMll. ,. ., - . , , 

CoNDOSnro.1 Topardon; to torglto. — Oon'flO- 

Oon'dlir (kIn'dSr), n. A South A 
Oan-llng*' (kOn-das'l. v. i. 

boiniDOiHO.] ToteDd;lo . 
Gontrlbul« ; to promote. ^ 

b-1), On^n'olTa (kSn- i 

iVtU), 0. Tandlng to 
promotfi. — Gon<AM'Ol' 
(lll-tr (kSfrdB'ri-bll'I- v4 

»). Oon-diMl-Ut-BMi, y 

Om'dMt (kUn'dllkt), n. -^ 
BelUFlor; doportment ; - 
guldmice ; giurd ; fitcort. 
— OOB-dnsf (bOi^nfetO, 
B. t. To lead; to guide i 


'(-dttk^?),' B, 

Id body, tapering to a point 

ttoto admilar baae ; the fruit of a 

Mven^ STergrem tnm, the pine, Jl 

mi-l»Vn4«» (kBo-tnrt-Kt>, v.i. / 1^ 
To talk f.miliarly together; to g RK 
That ; to prattle. - Oon-UlfB-U'- # \K 
Uoa (-tn/n-li-ahfin), n, FamiliK «LjtB^ 

'O-li'shlin), n, 
Om^ (kSn'lEkt), Oon-Iai 

iBoHim-Br '(-Sr). n. One « 

•III; ao accompli™. — OonrleCw 

— Omi-Irt'ar-a-eT (-St-i-rt), n. 

or -4-lYy), n. Pertaining to t. confederMi 
0011-10)/ (liHn-fSr'). ti. I. [CoBniuD (-1 
Cosrasiiso.l To hettow; to grant; loi 

sdviao. — Orai'lei-«I!0» (kiSn'iar-cna), n. 

lODB-tn^I (k'on-f&'vi), n. ,- pi. CoBimva 

Oon-1»M' (kSn-tlW], !■! (. *i. [Co»™mid(- 
Co^TmiHO.] To»ckaoii-ledgeoravow(a 


i'i>4-lT(-re«^d-lJ),nd«. By 
It denial. — (hin - 1*> ' lion 
knowledgment ; act of con- 
a a prieflt) ; a f onuulary ttat- 

Oan-HOo' (kSn-lid'). 
Oonll-iUiiM (kSn'l 
tl-duit (-di 

n. Act of confldiDg 
le: courage.— Oan' 

MU-reiiii^t. — Ctm'H^amt'lT, adv. Witt con^ 
fldeocF; poritli^ly.— Onn'tl-anitiil C-dSn'- 
aholl. a. Trusted; truaty ; private; tecrel,— 
"— '" '-mal-lj, ad- ' " 

Bn'Iinj, n 

I; Cosh 

t. — Oon-tbi'a-lila 

IteiCr^nt within 

. ... Oou-ftim'a-H*, 0- 

Capable ot belns cooHrmed. — OMl'tU'-m>'tt«l 

aiafar-asriib&j, n. A confirming, or e>t>b- 
hingiproof; Uie riteof admlttiuga baptLied 
person to toll church priid1«ei — OoB-Imi'k- 
aw C-firm'A^Iv), Oon-flm'tttO-IT t-t4-T)i «• 

(-fm'4-b'l),a. Cai 
(ted. — Oen-Hne 
liniite; Imprlionn 
CoHnuiiBS.] T( 

priTilegeB by adn 

. Sabfet! 


sit to the pu 
priated, aB a pe 

M-u* (-nvkA 

— OontlSma'tluu l-iiB-aanuuuj, n. xui.siiure. 

— C0m1lM«'t0t (-ki-tSr), n, 
l»n'fU.fntlaii|klSu'BA-g^'abHii),n. Aflieon 

OontUoI (ke^BTkt), n. A conteat ; itmggle ; 
-Oon-mot'(kan.flTkf),i.i. To 

Oon'fln-rait (kBn'fl 
Onn'flil.anoi (-cc 

Oan-hom' (kSn-re 

fn'flnx (-a'ake), 

Bhape,BlP.; similar; like. — 5oD-l0nn'«-bU1- 

ty (.1-bln-ij), tl)in-Ionn'a-l)le-n«««. n. — Omi- 
Imn'i-lilT, nfjc. — Oon'tgr-matlon [ kEn'f Gr- 

!nt. — Oan-lsrm'&t 

«i Sreut, Idea, Abej, Anlte, oAn, tti 


wonhipofUwGhDRhof EngUiid. — OOII 
1-ty (-I-t»K «■ CorrMpondence in chan 

Ooa-tvai' (kSD-fouDd'), v. I. To mii ; 

gle; toperplei; Co diabrder; toabulL. 

inmd'Ad, a- Goof UHd i perpleisd ; eaa 

ibomlubla. — Ocp-tOWld'Ml-^, adv. 
Ou'ln-ttrU-^ ( kOn'trt-Wr'ul-tJ ), n. 

aiouH brotbgrbood. 
Btftnfrtie' (kas'Wr'), n. AtellowDw. 


■(kea-fBi').». I. Toi 


«. — (Km-lnt'a'UA, a. ~ b«ntiL-tatliiii (kUi]'- 
ft-ta'ahDn), n. ]>i>pn>al. 

lOos'te' (kSH'ihf i Ckta']S>,n. Act ol tiikiDg 
l«n* ; fmmll : « bov « k couiteBr. 

Om-fMl' (kSs-itl'), «■ «■ & <■ To [nsH; to 
tlwk« ; to taOai. — Oot-gwl't-bls. a. Ck- 

pibla of being consatled Oon-EMl'mmt 

(-maiB), Osn'cv-U'fiaii <ke»'it-l±'al>&>), n. A 
WD^aalliia ; maH conge^d ; conci-atioii. 

On'tfr-ui (ktki'jt-iiilr}, R. A thing of Ibe Hme 
nniu, niliin, or origin — OGa-Ean'Ul IkSu- 

^~''~Hj unwablei nrnnatbetic. — Con-fO'- 
Hr Ha''>I-ni-9 or -JSn-yUT-t}), Dos- 

Om-Ctnl-Ul (kBn-i«n1-tat), OciII-gailtB (-Tt), 
a. Of ths Bime blrtb ; d«!iig from birth. 

Ow'gW IkSn'aJr), n., Donsn nl (el). A largt 
Hpecinof wJ- 

DCB-fa^-U (kSn- . 

Om-iut' (kfin- , 
IBat^, V. (. To / 

— Dsn-ln'tiaii conpr em. 

(-Jfa-ohTla). n. 

Uniwtuial iccumulHtian of blood Id any part of 
tlmbody. — Oiro-gMt'lYil-jWtI.),a. Uuksd 

b»lL — Oon-eloTats-lT, r ^- 
— Oini'ita-h«'tlon (kon't 


iDIL-ClalUtS-lr, adv. In i rouni 
'~ *~~'tion (kfin'KJft-bi'abQu). n 

glflinlic^O, V. '. To lEktbe 

ogether. — OBn-Bl(m'»i-«' 
To glu. 

:oi.le«e. - t-nl 
in-tln'tt-iumt (-i 

a. Uniting cIdhIj ; hsalbig. — n. HedJdna 

big ihsm. — Oan-ilntl-iu'tlaiL (-ni'gblt^). 
A gluing together ; ]onctloo ; ui'- *■- 
gllPtl-aa-tlVB(-glii'tI.ul-ttv), a. I 

lon'm (kfin'giK), Osn'ca (-gi), n. 

3L (-ni'ebKn). ti, 

Oto-int'n-ta-t^'Ty (-B-i*.ti-rj), 
im'tnffliU (k&*gi(-^), v.i.&i. To coUBCt 

0«l'«r»^»tl0Il (-gi'>httn),fi. Act of qffligre. 
gaUng ; UHmbling ; auembUge ; ueembly of 
pereoDi, sHp. ■ rellgioue tuembly. — Oan'gn- 
ntlui-al X-at), a. FeRabilt^ to ■ coDgregi- 
Uon or ta CongregBtlon&linn. — Oan'CIW-n'- 
tKm-U-lni (-<i)-l>'m), n. A ijium oTctaunb 
^Temnjent wherein each local ckiirch a an 
mdepondent bodv ; Independency. — Gail'gn< 
KRtbB-«l-llt (-Tst), fl. One who belongi to 




— Oun-^M'Blsn-al 
), a, PerUiimng K 


conntering or coming toget..- 

OnffnMt (Mn'grii.«nl), a. 

tpoudlng i conuntent. — Oon 

Osa-iri^-ty (liBn-gTBl.iJ i 

— OMi'(in-<mt'(k)^gTv-iii: 

Agradng; oorre- 
gni-tmt (-m.), 
r kOn-). "■ VH- 

kaiy.a. Pert*: 

cons. — OmlO-U-tr, adv. 
ions. — Oonlii-il-iUM •<' 

._..... . ,cyprem.itc. — Oo'nl-ii)rm(kynI. 

Ow-lMI^tim (kBn.]SI('t<tr], n. Opinion bated on 
Imperfect knoHledge; preflumpttop ; guosL — 

Coii-]mW-«, n- ~ Oon-jM'tBr-d, a. Depand- 

OuL-lDin' (kCn-loln'). r, i. & i. [Cohmhibd 
Hwnd'); COWJOIKIBO.] Toconnoct; to unite I 
to Join; to aMoclale. — Oon-lolnV (-Joinl/), a. 
United i aasocialed. — Oon-louinr — '- 

ileUtlng t 

<IIllB-nl-l7. adv. 

United In one mass. — Con-tlS'tt-IumJ 
ttta, noent, Arb, i^de, fyll, Am, l4R>d, fiAit, o 

□ited in pura; Hareelng in 
ir wonta. — OoB'ln-tatlotl 




Cknmate Leaf. 

OOB-timot' (kSn-jfinkf)* <z. United ; conjoined ; 
concurrent. — Gfla-JnnoflyCkSn-j&nktn}^), adv. 

— OoiL-)llllOtlon (-j&nk'shiSn), n. Union ; con- 
nection ; a connective or connecting word. — 
Con-Jimo'ttYe (-tTv),a. Closely united ; serv- 
ing to unite; contingent. — OoiL-]imotlYe-l7f 
€Mv, In union. — Con-Jimo'tlire (-jfink'tur), n. 
Union ; combination ; critical time ; crisis. 

Oon-jnre' (k5n-jur'), v. t, [Conjtjbbd (-jurd') ; 
CoNJURiNO.] To call on or summon solemnly ; 
to adjure. — Oon-llir'or (-jur'Sr), n. — Oon'fn- 
ra'tlon (-jfi-ri'shtm), n. Earnest entreaty. 

Oon'lnre (kiin'jlir). v. L To charm ; to enchant ; 
to bewitch, —v. i. To practice magical acts. — 
Conllir-crt n. One who practices magic or 
legerdemain ; an enchanter. — Oon'JU-ratioiL 
(kSn^jti-ra'shOn), n. Incantation ; magic spelL 

Oo&'XLate (kSn'nit or k5n-naf ), a. Bom with 
another ; united in origin. — 
Oon-nat'n-ral (-nSf 6- ral), 
a. Connected by nature ; in- 
born ; inherent ; natural. — 
Con-natn-ral'l-ty (-rai'X- 
tj^), n. Natural union. 

Chm-necf (kOn-nSkf), v.t.&i. 
To knit together ; to unite ; to 
join. — Oon-noot'or (-ter), n. 
— Gon-neofed-ly (-nSkt'Sd-lj^), adv. By con- 
nection ; unitedly. — Oon-neo'tloii, Oon-nex'- 
len (-nSk'shfin), n. Act of joining; thing 
united ; relationship ; relation by blood or mar- 
riage. — Oun-necflYe (-nSktTv), a. Serving 
to connect. — n. Anything that connects ; a 
word that connects other words or sentences ; a 
conjunction. — Oon-neGt'lYO-ly, adv. 

Chm-UYe' (k5n-mv'), V. i. [Connivkd (-mvd') ; 
CoNSiyiNG.] To close the eyes upon ; to wink 
at ; to purposely fail to see. — Oon-niv'er, n. — 
Con-nly'ailGe (-ans), n. Voluntary oversight ; 

Cton'nols-seiir' (kSn'nYs-sdr' or -surO, n. A crit- 
ical judge of any art, particularly of painting, 
music, and sculpture. 

Oon-nunbl-al (k5n-nu'bY-«el), a. Pertainii^ to 
marriage; conjugal; nuptial. 

Ol/nold (kS'noid), n. A figure resembling a cone. 

— a. Ifearly conical. 

Oon'OUW (k5n'ker), v. t. & i, [Conquered 
(-kSrd); CoNQUERma.] To overcome; to sub- 
due; to master. —Con'quer-a-ble (-&-bM), a. 
Capable of being conquered. — Con'QIier-or 
(-5r), ».— Oon'Onost (-kwSst), n. A conquering ; 
thing conquered ; victory ; subjection ; mastery. 

Oon^san-glull'O-OlU (kSn^sSn-gwTn'e-tLs), a. Of 
the same blood ; related by birth. — Oon'san- 
guin^-ty (-T-t^), n. Relation by blood or birth. 

Ckm'SClenco (kon'shens), n. Self - knowledge ; 
sense of right and wrong ; moral sense ; truth. 

— Otn'SCf-tntlollS (-shT-Sn'shtis), a. Governed 
by the dictates of conscience ; exact ; faithful ; 
just ; upright. — Con^8Cl-eiLti011S-ly, adv. — 
Oon'8ci-entioiifl-nos8, n. 

Oon'sclon-a-ble (k5n'8hiin-&-Vl), a. Reasonable ; 

Oon'SClcns (kSn'shfis^ a. Able to know one^s 
own thoughts ; aware ; sensible. — Oon'SCloilS- 
ly, a(fv. — Oon'scions-ness, n. 

Oon'SClipt (kSn'skrTpt), a. Enrolled; written; 
registered, ^n. An enrolled soldier. — Oon- 
Scilp'tiCll (-skrTp'sh&u), n. An enrolling ; reg- 
istering; draft. 

Oon'M-onte (kOn's^krat), v. t. To dedicate ; to 
declare sacred; to dignify.— (-krit), a. Con* 
secrated ; devoted ; sacred. •— Gon^se-CiatiOll 
(-krS'shthi), n. Act or ceremony of consecra^ 
ting ; dedication. — Con'se-Gia'tor (-kra'ter), n. 

Oon-seo'U-tlvo (k8n-s6k'ti-tTv), a. Following in 
order ; successive. — Oon-seo'll-tiYe-Iy, adv. 

Gcm-SQ&t' (kSn-sfinf), v. i. To i^ee in opinion ; 
to assent ; to comply ; to concur. — n. Agree- 
ment ; accord ; harmony. — Oon-sent'or, n. — 
Oon^sen-ta'ne-ons (kSn'sSn-ta'n^-fis), a. Con- 
sistent ; agreeable or accordant ; suitable. — 
Oon^sen-ta'ne-cns-ly, adv. — Oon'sen-ta'ne- 
ons-noss, n. — Oon-Bentltnt (-sSn'shmt), a. 
Agreeing; accordant. 

Oon'se-tllieiioe (k5n'e^-kwSns), 91. That which 
follows: effect; result; importance. — Oon'se- 
quont (-kwSnt), a. Following as a result or 
inference. — n. That which follows ; e£fect ; 
conclusion or inference. — Oon 'SO - (lUtnt - ly, 
adv. By consequence ; therefore. — Oon' SO- 
(intntlal (-kwSn'shal), a. Following as a con- 
sequence or result ; assuming an air of conse- 
quence ; pompous. — Goil'80-qiiontial-ly, adv, 

Gon-serye' (k5n-eSrv'), v. t. [Consebvbd (-servdO ; 
CoNSBBViNO.] To save ; to protect ; to preserve 
(fruit, etc. ) with sugar, ^n. Thinff conserved ; 
sweetmeat. — Gon-serY'or, n. — Gon-serv'ant 
(-sSr'vant), a. Preserving; preservative. — 
Con-serv'an-cy (-van-i^), n. Act of preserving ; 
preservation. — Gon'ser-Ya'tloil (-ser-va'shtin), 
n. Preservation from loss or injury. — Gon- 
seiY'a-tiYe (-sSr/v&-tTv), a. ^eservative; 
disposed or calculated to maintain things as 
they are. ^n. One opposed to radical changes. 

— Oon-serv'a-tism (-tTz'm), n. Opporition to 
change ; desire to preserve what is established. 

— Oon'ser-va'tor (kSn'ser-va'ter), n. A pre- 
server. — Gon-serv'a-to-ry ( -ser'vA-tft-ry), a. 
Preservatory. — n. That which preserves ; a 
greenhouse for tender plants ; an art school. 

Gon-Sid'er (kSn-sTd'er), v. t. &i. [Considebed 
(-erd) ; GoNsiDEBma.] To study ; to ponder ; 
to weigh ; to examine. — Gon-Ud'or-er, n. — 
Gon-sld'er-a-ble (-4-b'l), a. Worthy of regard ; 
noteworthy ; important ; moderately large. — 
Con-sid'er-a-bly, adv. — Gon-sid'er-ato (-er- 
at), a. Oiven to reflection ; mindful of others ; 
careful ; discreet. — Gon-Sid'er-atO-ly, adv. — 
Gon - Bid ' er - ate - ness, n. — Oon-sld^er-a'tton 
(-er-a'shOn), n. Act of considering; serious 
thought; prudence; motive; reason; defer- 
.ence; influence; compensation; equivalent. 

Gon-Slgn' (k5n-8iu'), v. t. [Consigned (-undO ; 
Consigning.] To give formally ; to assign ; to 
commit ; to intrust. — Gon^slgn-ee' (kSn^sT-ne'), 
n. One to whom goods are consigned for sale, 
etc. ; a factor. — Gon-Bign'OT (k5n-sin'er), Gon- 
Stgn'or (k5n-sin'er or k5n'sT-n8r'), n. — Oon- 
Slgnlnent, n. A consiniing ; goods consigned. 

— Oon-slg'XLa-to-ry (-sig'nA-tS-ry), ». One of 
several joint signers (of a treaty, etc.). 

Gon-sLst' (kSn-sfsf), v.i. To be made up (of) ; 
to be ; to exist ; to subsist ; to be consistent or 
harmonious. — Gon-slst'ont (-sts'tent), a. Ac- 
cordant ; harmonious ; compatible ; uniform. — 
Gon-slst'ent-ly, aefv. — Gon-sist'encO; Gon- 
8lst'en-oy (-tSn-sj^), n. Fixed state ; agreement ; 
congruity ; density. 

Gon-Sl8'tO-ry (k5n-8Ts't6-ry or kSn'sTs-tft-rf ), n. 
A solemn assembly ; a spiritual court ; church 

SLt S, I, o, a, long ; &, £, i, 5, ii, jr> sl^ort ; senftte, ^vent, tdea, 5bey , tnite, cftre, arm, &8k, f|ll, fincil, 


triburnL — Oail'lll-t<Kll-«l (-IVrl-al), a 


0«n1tt-bla (kOn'iU-b'l), n. An oOoei ot On 
(leiics.— Ooa'tU-M»-*Up, n. Office of ■ ooit 
— ■-'- " ^-'^-l«-rT(kBn-«tBbMI-lt-.if),a, 

. To cheer In d^nv 



Ion ^a'M 


'■luif'CkSn'iUDt), a 

rnri ! HbuHrut ! ^flnljt ^ 

acm'atuit-ly, adv. - 
.. BMbility 1 TesaluUuu. 
'HUl-la'ahnn), B. A cliuter 

(i.tB.'<at-at/iiria),n. Tenor; 

Oai'ltt-giU (kJte'iH-gat), c. t. To etop (i pu- 
■ga) by ILUlDg it, and pnreutinR motkoo through 
It ; (0 rsBdar coalira. — Om'atl-Fatlon (-pE'- 
■hllnV IL CoetJvaneH. 

0«ll^n-«at (UkHatt-CDt), o. Oompoelngi 

oV«t>^>U>lH. dateimiDSi, or coaUmeU i 
ilemant) an elector. ^OOn-ltlt'B-<n-«T 
(-en-rt), flp A body of oooBtitueDts. 
Oon'Btl-tiito (kOn'etl-tat), o. t. la eetaUUih ; to 
Duka : to eppohrt. — Oi^tOrtatUt (-tutib), %. 
— Oan'(tl-tiirtlai[-taidi)Iii),». Aet of ootutl. 
tuMng \ i/aaaot bemg j mtund oond rt i on ; fnnw 
ot body, mind, or EDtemment. -- OdH'tfMl'- 
Unt^ (-al), a. Belonginf to, inhamit in. In 
Acoordioioe with, or HtbDriied by,tlie oonatitD- 
tloo. — n. EurcUa for liealtli. — OWItt-ta'- 
tlaii-iI1-tr(-al-t]», 1. ConiHUncywitli Um 
coDM;ltution.-Ooi'ttt-tBtlOIHa-lr (-al-9), 
ode. In iMOrtince witll the ODDttltutlon. — 
Oon'stl-MtlT* (-tii'tlT), o. Eetabliebing. 
tm-itnln' (Icija-ttriu'), v. I. To isDun,, bold 

to uiga ; to prwt. — DaB-Btnln'i-tilB (-^c^),' 
iL Gapeble of being coiibtrBioed ; liabla to oon- 
itnint. — aim-ItldB'*«-lT <-«d4f ), a<Jg. Br 
cmnpuIMon. — Oon-iindn'ii, n, — Don-atraliit' 

lon-itrliit''CkBn-etrrkf J, tJ. 1. To bind i K> coo- 
traotj to cuiw to ihrink. — Ogn-HtlO'tlM 

tricted. — Om^tltCflTlTurlk'tlv), 

ar),B ' 

'llut w 

'B toRetlier or oon- 

pii?strliliB''"(kOi««riIiJ'), e- '■ [ 

(-ttrlnid') : CoMTiDiaiHo,] Todi_. ..„ 

to contncl Osn-tlllll'ttat (-aalD'jmt), a. 

Oon-itrnot'(lilSMtrtSkf),T. /. Topnttogatlwrj 

OOS-ltnuit'lI, n. — OOIL-Itiniltllin (-gtriik'- 

ooDstructed ; fabricWfon ; confarmHtion ; inlor- 

— aaH-ltnotmC-etrHk^lTVo- Able to form; 
derived by InteipretiUon ) Inferred. — Oan- 
"* Hv, n — Oat-itntnTt-nHi, n. 

(kSn'itm: Archaic kflo'itir), v. t. 
(-etrHd) : ConaTEUiKa.] To tnnB- 

tilii'etial). a. Est- 

Oon ' BBb- lUn'tl - a ' tion 





tctual presence of OhxiBt'a body in tlw aaera- 
mental elements. 

OOB'SVl (kSn'siil), n. A chief magistrate in an- 
cient Rome ; a o(nnmercial agent of a govern- 
ment, in a foreign country. — Oon'sn-lir (-fld- 
I8r), Oon'BU-la-ry (At-rf). a. Pertaining to a 
consul. •— Oon'sn-late (-at), n. Office, juris- 
diction, or residence, of a consul. — Oon'ral- 
■hip, n. Consulate ; term of office of a consul. 

OOB-snlt' (kOn-sfilf ), V. i. To seek opinion or 
advice ; to take counsel ; to deliberate, ^v, t. 
To ask advice of ; to seek the opinion of } to act 
in favor of ; to deliberate upon. — Oon-Slllf er, 
n. — OOB'Slll-tatiolL (-sta-tS'shiin), n. Act of 
consulting or deliberating; a meeting of per- 
sons, especially of lawyers or of doctors, to con- 
sult together. 

Ckm-snme' (k9n-sum0t v. /. [Ck>NBUMiD (-sumdO ; 
CoMBUiiXNO.I To destroy ; to waste ; to dissi- 
pate.— v. u To waste away slowly. — OOB- 
snin'M:, n. — Oon-siuii'a-blA (-&-b'l), a. Capa- 
ble of bising consumed. 

CkNa'SUBI-niate (k5n'siim-mat or k9n-sfim'-), v. /. 
To bring to completion ; to perfect ; to achieve. 

— Oon-Biui'niate (-sfim'miV), a. Accom- 

Iilished ; complete ; perfect. — Oon-Sliai'lliate- 
▼, adv. — Con'Slllll-niatioiL (k5n ' slim - ma ' - 
shiin), n. Completion; close; perfection. 

Ckm-snmp'tiOBL (kSn-sfimp'shiSn), n. Act of con- 
suming ; state of being consumed, wasted, or 
diminished ; a disease in the lungs, with fever, 
cough, etc. — Oon-snmptlYe (-ttv), a. De- 
structive ; wasting ; aJIected with consumption. 
— n. One ill with consumption. — Oon-SIUBp'- 
tlYO-ly, oefv. —Oon-sninpiive-nesB, n. 

Oontaot (kSn'tSkt), n. Touch ; close union. 

Oon-ta'glon (kSn-ta'jiin), n. Communication of 
disease by contact; pestilential influence. — 
Oon-ta'glOIUI (-jiis), a. Communicable by 
contact ; catching ; generating contagion ; com- 
municable from one to another. — Oon-ta'giOUft- 
ly, adv. — Oon-ta'gloiu-iiess, n. 

Ckm-taln' (k5n-tan'), V. t. [CoNTAnnED (-tandO ; 
CoNTAiNiNo.] To hold ; to comprise ; to em- 
brace. —V. {. To live in chastity. — Oon-taln'- 
a-ble (-&-b'l), a. Capable of beii^ contained. 

— Con-tain'er, n. 

Ckm-tun'l-nate (kSn-tifan^-nat), «. L To soil ; to 
stain ; to corrupt ; to pollute ; to defile. — Oon- 
tam'i-nate (-nat), a. Having defilement ; cor- 
rupt; tainted.— Oon-tam'1-iLa-ble (-I-ni-b'l), 
a. — Oon-tam't-nation (-nS'shOn), n. Act of 
polluting; defilement; tamt. 

OiUl-temiL' (k5n-tSm'), v. /. [Coktexited (-tSmd') ; 
CoNTEHKiKa (-tSm'nTng or -tSm^ng).] To des- 
pise; to scorn. — Oon- torn 'HOT (-tem'nSror 
-tSm'Sr), n. 

Oon'tem-plate ( kSn'tSm-plat or k9n-t8m'plat ), 
V. L & t. To study ; to ponder ; to consider ; 
to plan. — Oon'tom-pla^tor (-tSr), n. — Oon^tom- 
pla'tion (-pla'shGn), n. Act of contemplating ; 
meditation. — Oon-t«m'pla-tlve (-tSm'pl&-tTv), 
a. Pertaining to, or addicted to, contempla- 
tion ; studious ; thoughtful . — Oon - tom ' pla - 

tlYO-ly, adv. — Con-tem'pla-tive-iioss, n. 
Oon-tem^po-ra'ne-ons ( kSn-tSm^p^-ra'DS-Hs) , a. 
Living or transpiring at the same time. — Gon- 
tem^po-ra'ne-ons-ly, adv. — Ocn-tem^po-ralie- 
ons-ness, n. — Ocn-tem'po-ra-ry (-tSm'p^-ra- 
ry ), a. Contemporaneous. — n. One living at 
the same time with another. 

Ctan-t0lllpt' (k5n-t8mt0t »• Act of contemning 
or despisinff ; state oi being despised ; disdain ; 
scorn; ne^ect; slight. — Gkm-tailipt'l-bla (-1- 
b*l),a. Worthy of contempt; despiaable; abject; 
mean ; sorry ; pitiful. — Oon-tampt't-bU-ness, 
n. — Gon-tempf 1-bly, adv. — Uon-tamp'tii-oiui 
(-tft-fis), a. Manifesting contempt; insolent; 
haughty ; disdainful ; supercQious ; insulting. — 
Con-tampta-ona-ly, adv. 

Oon-tand' IkSn-tSnd'), v. i. To strive ; to strug- 
gle ; to oppose ; to dispute ; to debate. — Oon- 
tend'or, n. » Oon-ten'tlon (k5n-tSn'shiSn), n. 
Contest ; strife ; feud ; variance ; discord. — 
Oon-tentloiu (-shQs), a. Apt to contend ; in- 
volving contention; quarrelsome; perverse. — 
OMi-tentloiu-ly, adv. — Oon-ten^ons-iiou, n. 

OMl-tent' (kSn-tSnf), a. Satisfied ; quiet ; at rest. 
— n. Satisfaction. — v. t. To satisfy ; to ap- 
pease ; to gratify. — Ckm-tont'ed, a. Content ; 
easy in mind. — OOB-tent'ed-ly, adv. — Oon - 
tenVed-nesa, n. — Oon-tanfmant, n. Content 

Oon'tont (k5n't6nt or k5n-t8ntO, n. That which 
is contained ; — usually in pi. ; capacity. 

Oun-tantloiL (k5n-tSn'shttn), Oon-ton'tliras 
(-shfis), etc. See under Contbitd. 

Oon-tor'ml-iia-blo (k8n-t8r'mr-n&-b'i), Oon-ter'- 
mi-nal (-mt-nai), Oon-ter'ail-iiate (-u&t), Oon- 
ter'mi-BOIUI (-ntts), a. Having the same 
bounds ; bordering ; contiguous. 

OMl-tast' (kSn-tSstO, V. t. & i. To dispute ; to 
debate ; to strive. — Oon'test (k5n ' tSst), n. 
Earnest dispute ; strife ; struggle ; controversy. 
— Oon-tesra-ble (-tSsf &-b'l) , a. Capable of be- 
ing contested; disputable. — Oon - test ' ant 
(-ant), n. An opponent ; disputant ; litigant. — 
Oan'Tes-ta'tioil (kSn^tSs-tS'shlin), n. Strife; 

Oon^Xt (kSn'tSkst), n. The parts of a discooiae 
which precede or follow a sentence quoted. 

Oon-tex'tlira (kSn-tSks^tftr), n. Composition of 
parts ; system ; structure ; texture. 

Ooi-tlg'll-OllS (kSn-tTg'ti-Qs), a. In actual or 
close contact; touching; near. — Oon-tlC'll- 
OVa-ly, adv. In a nuumer to touch. — Oon- 

tlg'n-oiis-ness, Oon^tl-gn't-ty (k5naT-gut-ty), 

n. State of contact ; close imion. 

Ckmti-nant (k5n'tt-n«nt), a. Exercising restraint 
as to indulgence of desires or passions ; tem- 
perate ; chaste. ^ n. One of the larger bodies 
of land on the globe.— Oon^tl-nan'tal (-nSn'tal), 
a. Pertaining to a continent. — Oon'tl-liance 
(-ncns), Oontl-nen-cy (-nSn-s^), n. Self-re- 
straint ; chastity. — Oonti-nMlt-ly, adv. In a 
continent manner ; chastely ; temperately. 

Obn-ttn'gent (kSa-tln'jent), a. Accidental ; pos- 
sible ; casual. ^ n. Chance ; quota ; propor- 
tion. — Oon-till'£Ont-ly, adv. without design ; 
accidentally. —Oon-till'gonce (-jens), Oon-tUL'- 
^an-cy (-jen-i^), ». Casual event ; chance ; pos- 
sibility ; accident. 

Oon-tiii'ne (k5n-tTn'u), V. i. [CoHTDnTBD (-6d) ; 
Coimsmiio.] To remain ; to be permanent ; to 
stay ; to preserve, —v. t. To prolong ; to pro- 
tract; to persist in. — Gon-tiii'11-er, n. — Oon- 
tin'n-al (-al), a. Uninterrupted ; incessant ; 
constant. — Gon-tliL'ii-aI-ly« adv. — Oon-tiii'a- 
anco (-ans), n. Permanence ; perseverance ; 
continuation. — OOll-tin'a-ation, n. Continued 
succession ; prolongation. — Gon - tin ' n - a ' tOT 
(-a'tSr), n. One who continues. — Gon'tl-nn'i-ty 
(kSn'tl-nuT-tj^), n. State of being continuous ; 

ft»^I,o,a,long; &,«,!, 5, a*j^, abort ;aeii<to,dv«aft,td«ft,5bqr,diiito,oAre,ttnn,Aik,§U,flB^ 




ooheaioD. — Oon-tlll^-OllB (-tTntk-OB), a. With- 
out break, cessation, or interruption. — Oon- 

tin'n-oiis-lyf odv. 

Ooil-tort' (k5n-tdrt/), v. t. To twist ; to writhe. — 
Oon-tOrtiOll (-tdr'shlin), ». A twisting ; wry 
motion. — Cknirtor'tive ^ttv), a. Writhing. 

Oon-tonr' (kSn-toor'), n. Bounding line ; outline. 

Oontra- (k5n'tr&-). A Latin adverb and prepo- 
sition, used as a prefix to signify against, con- 
trary, in opposition, etc. 

Oon'tra-banA (kSn^tri-bSud), a. Prohibited by 
law or treaty; forbidden. ^ n. 111^^ trade. 
— Oontra-bond^lSt (-bSnd/l8t),n. A smuggler. 

Ckm-traot' (k5n-trSkt'X V. t. To draw together or 
nearer ; to reduce to a less compass ; to be lia- 
ble to ; to make a bar^n for. ^v, i. To shrink ; 
to bargain. ^(k5n'trakt),n. A bargain; agree- 
ment ; compact ; oblig^ticm. — Cton - tract ' or 
(•trik'tSr), n. One who contracts, eap. one who 
bargains to do certain work at a specified price 
or rate. — Oon-traot'ed (-trSkt'Sd), a. Drawn 
together ; narrow ; selfish ; illiberal ; mean. — 

Ooi-tracfed-ly, adv.— Oon-tract'ed-ness, n. 
Oon-tracfl-ble (-T-b'l), a. Capable of contrac- 
tion. — Oon-traot'l-Ml'l-ty (-i-MiM-ty), Oon- 
traot'l-bl»-ne8s, n.— Gan-traofUe (-trSkaii), 

a. Tending to contract ; capable of contrac- 
tion. — OOL'tiao-til'l-ty (kSn/trSk-ttl^-tj^), n. 
Quality of shrinking or contracting. — Gon- 
traotiOIL (-trSk'shiiu), n. A drawing together ; 
a shrinkii^; a shortening. — Oon-traot'lVO 
(-trSk'tTv), a. Tending or serving to contract. 

Ckwtra-dance' (kSu'tri-d&ns'), n. A dance in 
which partners are arrai^;ed in opposite lines. 

Oofi'tra-dior (kSn'trArdYkf ), v. t, & i. To assert 
the contrary of ; to gainsay ; to deny ; to oppose. 

— Oon'tra-dicfer, n. — Oon'tra-dio^on (-dYk'- 

shOn), n. A galnsayii^ ; denial ; opposition ; 
contrariety. — Con' tra-dio'tioiui (-shils), a. 
Filled with contradictions ; inclined to contra- 
dict. — Oon'tra-dicf lYO (-dTk'tIv), a. Contain- 
ing contradiction ; contradictory. — Gon'tra- 
diCt'O-ry (-t$-ry), a. Affirming the contrary ; 
repugnant, ^n. A proposition or thing which 
denies or opposes another in sXL its terms ; in- 
consistency. — Oon'tra-diot'o-ri-ly (-t*-rl-iy), 
adv. — Gon'tra-dict'o-rl-ness, n. 

Oon/tra-dlS-tlnomoil (kSn'tr&^Ts-tTnk'sh&n), n. 
Distinction by contrast. — Gon'tra-dlS-tlnctlYe 
(-tTnk'tTv), a. Distinguishing by contrast. — 
Oon^tra-dis-tln'gnisli (-tTn'gwIsh), v, t. To 
distinguish by opposites. 

Oon'tra-ln'di-oamoil (k5ntr&-Tn/dT-ka'sh&n), n. 
A symptom that forbids the treatment usually 
adopted for any disease. 

Oon-tralto (k5n-trSl't« or -trU^), n.&a. Alto 
or counter tenor. 

Ckmtra-ry (kSn'trA-ry or -trt-ry), a. Opposite ; 
opposing; contradictory; perverse. — n. A 

erson or thing of opposite qualities. — Oon'- 
l-ri-l7 (-rt-lj^y, adv. In a contrary manner ; 
in opposition; m opposite ways. — Ooiltra-rl- 
nOM, Gon'tra-ri'O-ty (k5n'tr&-ri'S-tj^), n. Op- 
position ; inconsistency ; discrepancy ; repug- 
nance. — Oontra-ri-wlaiB' (-rl-wizOi «<^«« On 
the contnuy ; on the other hand ; in a contrary 
order; conversely. 
OOn-trast' (kSn-tr&sf), V. t. & i. To stand in op- 
position. — Oon'trast (kSn'tr&st), n. Opposi- 
tion of things or qualities ; comparison by con- 
trariety of qualities. 

Oolltm-vane' (kSn^tr^-vSnf), V. /. To contndioti 
to cross ; to obstruct ; to oppose. — Ooil'tra-V8n'<* 
tion (-vSn'shiin), n. Opposition : obstruction. 

ijCon'tre-tempa' (kdH^tr'-tiiN')* n. A misiiap ; ao 

Gon-trlb'ute (kSn-trTyfit), v. t. To participate in 
giving. ^ V. i. To give a part ; to assist. — Gon- 

trib'u-tor (-tSr), n. — Oon'trt-bumon (kSn/trt. 

bu'shfin), n. Act of contributing ; sum given. 

— Gon-tnb'u-tiYe (-trlb'fi-tlv)rOott-tilVu-to- 
ry i-tt-rf), a. Contributing to the same pur- 
pose ; promoting the same end. 

Oon'trlte' (kSn'tnt'), a. Broken down withgrief ; 
penitent ; humble ; sorrowf uL — Oon'trite'ly, 
adv. — Gon'trlte'nMS, Gan-ttltioii (-trtsh'iin), 
n. Deep sorrow for sin; remorse ; penitence. 

Gon-trlY6' (kSn triv'), v. t. & i. LContkiybd 
(-trivd') ; Contbiyino.] To devise ; to plan ; to 
project. — Gon-trlY'er, n. — Gon-trlY'a-ble (-&- 
b'l), a. — Gon-trlv^anoa (-triv'ans), n. Scheme ; 
device; plan; design; invention. 

Gon-trid' (kSu-trol'), n. Power to check or gov- 
ern ; restraint ; direction ; superintendence. -^ 
V. t. [CoNTBOLLXO (-trold') ; Coittbolling.] To 
restrain; to check; to influence; to curb. — Oon- 

trolOa-ble (-U^b'l), a. — Gan-tndOor, n. One 

who controls ; an officer whose duty is to keep 
a counter register of accounts, or to oversee or 
verify the accounts of other officers. [More 
commonly written comptroller.'] — Oon-troller- 
Sllip, n. Office of a controller. — Gon-trol'- 
ment, n. Superintendence ; restraint. 

Gon'tro-Yer'87 (kSn'trft-ver/sy), n. Dispute ; de- 
bate ; diacnssion ; strife ; hostility. — Gon'tr^- 
▼er'Slal (-vSr'shal), a. Relating to controversy ; 
disputatious. — Gon' tro - ver ' slal - 17, adv. — • 
Gon<tro-T«r'slal-l8t, n. A disputant. 

Oon'tro-TOrt (kSu'tri-vert), v. t. To dispute ; to 
debate ; to contest. — Oon'tTO-Ter'ter (-vSr'tSr), 
Gontro-vsr'tist (-vSr'tlst), n. — Goa'tro-yer'- 
ti-ble (-ver'tT-b'l), a. Capable of being contro- 
verted ; disputable. — Oosi'tre-verti-bly, adv. 

Oon'ta-ma-cy (k5n'ta-m&-s3^), n. Persistent ob- 
stinacy ; stubborn perverseness. — Gon'ta-ma'- 
Clons (;ma'shtis), a. Exhibiting contumacy; 
perverse; unyielding; headstrong. — Gon'ta- 

ma'olons-ly, adv. — Gon'ta-ma'clonfl-ness, n. 

Gontn-me-ly (kSn^u-mft-lj^), n. insolent con- 
tempt ; reproach ; disdain ; disgrace. — Gon'tU- 
]lie'll-0118(-me'lT-&s or -mel'yfis), a. Contemp- 
tuous; reproachful. — Gon'tn-meli-ons-ly, adv. 

— Gon'tn-meli-onB-nesB, n. 

Gon-tue' (kSn-tuz'), t7. /. [Contused (-tuzd') ; 
Contusing.] To beat ; to pound ; to bruise ; to 
injure by beating. — Gon-tn'slon (-tu'zh&n), n. 
A beating ; a bruising ; state of being bruised. 

Go-nnn'dmni (kft-nfin'drOm), n. A riddle sug- 
gesting resemblance between things quite un- 
like ; a quibble ; a puzzle. 

Oon'Ya-lesce' (kSn^vft-lSs'), v. i. [Convalbscbd 
(-16st') ; CoNVALBsciNO.] To recover health and 
strength after sickness. — Gon'Ya-ItS ' cence 
(-Igs'scns), Gon-Ya-les'oen-oy (-sen-sy), n. Re- 
covery of health ; state of a body renewing its 
vigor after sickness. — Gon''Ya-le8'0«ILt (-sent), 
a. Recovering health. — n. One recovering 
from sickness. 

Gon-yene' (k5n-vSnO> v. i. & t. [Gonvbnbd 
(-vend') ; Convbnino.] To collect ; to assem- 
ble ; to unite. — Oon-TMI'lent (-vSn'yent), a. 
Fit; suitable; commodious. — Goil-Y«IL'l«nt-ly, 

fOniy recent, Arb, r||de^ f ^^ ftm, fiRkU tiibt, out, oU, diair, go, aias, iQk, tben, tbiiL 




adv.^ Ckm-vuLlenoe (kSn-ySi/ydiiB), Ooa-Tai'- 
ltnr07(-y«n-i^), n. fitness ; commodioosneBs. 

OmfymiX (kSn'vfint), n. A community of reU- 
gioufl redttses ; a body of monks or nuns ; a 
Bouse occupied by such a community ; an abbey ; 
a monastery ; a nunnery. — OOL-YOntll-al (-vfin^- 
tfi-al), a. PertainiiM^ to a convent ; monastic. 

Oon-V«ILni-Ole (kOn-vSn'tt-kn), n. An assembly, 
especially for religious worship. 

Oon-Y«n'tlOB (kdn-vSn'shfin), n. Act of coming 
together ; custom ; usage ; an assembly of repre- 
sentatives for deUberative purpose; a tempo- 
rary treaty. — 00ll-V8ntl011-al (-al), a. Agreed 
upon ; stipulated ; depending on custom ; sanc- 
tioned by usage. — Oon-von^ioii-al-ly, adv.— 
Gan-TUL'tloiL-al'l-ty (-U^-tj^), Oon-Tea'tton-al- 
im (-al-Iz'm), n. That which is received by 
tacit agreement. 

Oon-yerge' (k5n-v8rj'), v. i. [Comvsbqbd 
(-vSrjd') ; Gontebohig.] To tend to one point ; 
to incline and approach nearer together. — Gon- 
▼er'genoo (-v8r'j«ns), Gan-Yo^gon-oy (-jrawsy), 
!». Tendency to one point. — Goil-ver'g«lLt 
(•j«nt), a. Tending to one point ; converging. 

Ooi-Tena' (kSn-vSrs'), v. i. [Convebsbd (-virst^) ; 
CoznnEBsnrG.] To keep company ; to talk famil- 
iarly ; to talk ; to chat. — Oon-Yen^a-ble (-vSr'- 
sA-b'l), a. Sociable. — Gon-Yen'a-Uy, adv. — 
Can-vender, n. — Ckm'vene (kSn'vtrs), n. 
Familiarity; conTersation. — < Ckm' ver - sent 
(kSn'vSr-sant), a. Familiar ; well acquainted. 
— GOB/'TW-EtLtim. (-flS'shiln), n. Familiar dis- 
course ; behavior ; talk ; conference. — Oen'- 
▼er-8atl<m-al (-al), a. Pertaining to conver- 
sation or informal intercourse ; colloquial. — 
Oon'ver-sa'tloii-lst, Oen^yer-Batioii-ai-ist, n. 

One skilled in conversation. 

CknTene (kSn'vSrs), a. Converted or reversed 
in order or relation ; turned about ; reciprocid. 
— n. A reversed or inverted proposition. — 
00B'Tene-l7f adv. In a converse manner ; re- 
ciprocally. — Oon - Ter ' sdon ( - vSr f shiin ), n. 
Change. See under Gonvsbt. 

Oon-YVrV (k5n-vSrf), v. t.&i. To change to an- 
other form or state ; to turn ; to alter. — Gon'- 
▼ert (kSn'vSrt), n-. One who has changed his 
opinions or rehgion ; a proselyte. — Oon-Tert'er 
(-vSrter), n. — Oen-TOr'Slon (-vSr'shfin), n. A 
turning or changing from one state to another ; 
transformation. — Gon-Yert'l-ble (-vSr'tT-b'l), 
a. Capable of being converted, exchanged, or 
interchanged ; reciprocaL — Oon-vert'I-Mll- 

ty (-tT-bTi^-t)^), Oon-Tertl-ble-ness, n. — Con- 
▼ertl-bly, adv. 

Oon'TOZ (kSn'vSks), a. Rising or swelling into a 
rounded form. ^ n. A convex body. — •Ooil'- 
▼ez-ness, Oon-vez'ed-ness (-v8ks'6d-n6s), 
Oon-YOZ'i-ty (-T-Q^), n. State of being convex ; 
exterior surface of a convex body.— Oon'Tez- 
ly, adv. In a convex form. 

Oon-vey' (kSn-vaO. v. t. [CoinrBTm> (-viSdf); 
CoNVBTiNO.] To carry ; to bear ; to transmit ; 
to transfer. — Oon-Yoy'Olloe (-va'ans), n. Act 
of conveying ; transmission ; instrument or 
means of conveying. — Gon-V^T'aii-oer (-va'an- 
sSr), n. One who draws up conveyances of 
property. — Oon-Yey'ail-Oing (-sYng), n. Busi- 
ness of a conveyancer. 

OOn-TlOt' (kSn-vTkf), v. i. To prove or find 
guUty ; to confute ; to detect ; to confound. — 
OonMot (kfin'vTkt), n. One proved guilty of 

crime ; * malefactor ; a culprit ; alehm ; aorfm- 
inaL — OOll-Tiotlon (-vik'sbfin), n. A convict* 
ing ; state of being convinced ; sense of guilt. 

Oon-VlBOe' (kSn-vInsO, V. t, [COHVINCBD (-vlnst^) ; 
CoNYuroiNO.] To satisfy by evidence ; to per- 
suade. — Gen-Tln'Ol-ble (-vln'sT-bl), a. Ca- 
pable of being convinced. 

Oon-VlT'l-Al (kSn-vTv'I-al), a. Festive ; jovial ; 
social ; gay. — Oon-ViTl-al'1-ty (-I-«l'I-ty), n. 
Qood humor ; mirth. 

Ckm-vofeEe' (k5n-v5ka Oosi^o-oate (k5n'v«-kat), 
V. i. To call together ; to summon ; to assem- 
ble ; to convene. — Oon^YO-oa'ttQn (-ki'shfin). 
n. Assembly or meeting ; a congress ; a diet ; a 
convention; a council. 

Ckm'vo-lute (k5n'v«-iut), Oosi'TO-lrted (-lu^tsd), 
a. Curved or rolled together. — Gon'TO-ln'tlOII 
(-lu'shfin), n. A rolling or winding together. 

Oon-YOlYe' (k5n-v51v0, V. t. [GoirvoLvsD 
(-vQlvd'); CoNTOLVOiG.] To roll or wind to- 
gether ; to twist. 

Ckm-TOTYn-lns (kSn-vSl'vti-ias), n. A Und of 
twining plant ; bindweed. 

Ocm-VOy/ (k5n-voi')i v, L [CoHTOTSD (-void') ; 
CoNYOTiiirG.] To accomxmny for protection. — 
OOQ/YOy (kon'voi), n. Act of attending for 
protection; escort. 

Gen-YUlse' (kSn-vlils'), v. t. To draw or contract 

- violentlv; to iwitate; to shake; to rend. — 
Gen-Tlirslon (-vfil'shtln), n. A violent spasm ; 
violent and irr^;ular motion or agitation ; com- 
motion ; tumult. — Gon-YnTslTe (-siv), a. Pro- 
ducing, or attended with, convulsion. — Oon- 
▼nl'ifye-ly, adv. 

Go^y (kS'nj^ or klin>3^), n. A rabbit 

Goo (koo), V. i. [CooBD CtSM); Coozira.] To 
make a low sound, as doves. 

Gook (kdOk), n. One who prepares food for the 
table, ^v. L&i. [Cookxd (kd6kt) ; Cookiho.] 
To prepare (food for eating). — G0(dc'er-y 
(kd6k'Sr-j^), n. The art of preparing food. 

Gook'y (kd6k'j^), n. A small, hard, sweet cake. 

Gool (kS51), a. Somewhat cold ; chilling ; indif- 
ferent. — n. A moderate state of cold. —v. t. 
& i. [Cooled (koold) ; Coolihg.] To make or 

grow cool ; to allay ; to quiet ; to moderate. — 
oorer, n. — Gool'ly, adv. — GoollieM, n. — 
Gool'leXl, a. Somewhat cooL 

Gooly (koolj^), Goo'lie, n. An East Indian or 
Chinese porter or transported laborer. 

Goom (kSom), n. Dirty, refuse matter; wheel 

Goomb (k5om), n. A dry measure of tour bush- 
els, r Written also comd.] 

Goemb (koom), Goombe, n. A valley on a hill- 

Goop (k59p), n. A barrel or cask ; a grated inclo- 
sure for small animals or poultry. — v. t. 
[CooPBD (kSopt); Cooping.] To confine in a 
coop or in a narrow compass ; to crowd ; to con- 
fine ; to imprison. — Go^er (kSop'er), n. One 
who makes barrels, tubs, and the like. ^v. t. 
To do the work of a cooper upon. — Goop'er- 
age (-Sr-tj), n. Price paid for cooper's work ; 
a cooper's shop ; the business of a cooper. 

Go4fp'er-ate (ks-^p'Sr-St), v. %. To act or op«^ 
ate joinUy with others; to work together. — 

Ge-op'er-a'tor (-S'tSr), n. — Go^fp'er-a'tlon 

(-a'shiin), n. A co^)erating ; joint operation. 
— Go-tfp'er-a-tiTe (-op'Sr-A-tlv), a. Promoting 
the same end. 

ftf S^ 1, 5, tt, long ; A, «, I, tt, fi, t, short ; lenAte, event, tdea, Obey, fUiite, c4ie, i&rm, Ask, all, floal, 




Oo-tfz'di-liait (M-dr'dT-ntt), a. Equal in rank or 
order ; not subordinate. ^ (-nit^, v. t. To make 
coordinate ; to harmonize. — 0<Mfr'dl-liatO-l7, 
adv. — Oo^fr^dl-na^on (-nS'ahlin^, n. State of 
being coordinate ; the bringing different parts 
or ( bjects into similarity or harmony. 

Ooot (kS&t), n. A kind of waterfowl ; a simple- 

Oop(k5p),n. A ball 
of tliread formed 
on the spindle of 

bl), Ck> 
(-V*), n, 
juice of 
American tree. 

OCpal (ko'pal), n. 
A resinous sub- 
stance used in 
makii^ Yamishes. 




a South 


(kc-pSr'st-ni-rj^), Go-par'oe-liy (-nj^)* n. Part- 
nership in inheritance ; joint heirship. — Go- 
par'oe-lier, n. A joint heir. 

Oo-paxfner (kt-parfnSr), n. A joint partner; 
associate. — Oo-part'ner-slllp, n. Joint interest 
in any matter ; an unincorporated association 
of persons to carry on business. 

OOPO (kSp), n. A covering for the head ; a cloak 
worn by priests ; the top part of a ftask in foun- 
dry work ; coping. 

Ckme (kSp), V. i, & t. [Gopbd (kSpt); CoFnfG 
(k5'pTng).n To combat; to encounter. 

Oo^eok (kS'pSk), n. A kopeck ; a Russian cop- 
per coin. 

Oopl-MT (kSp^-Sr), «. One who copies ; imitator. 

ChV'illg (ko'pTng), n. The top course of a wall. 

Oo^l-OVS (ko'pl-tts), a. Ldu^e in quantity or 
amount; abundant; full. — Oo^l-01Uhl7f odv. 

— Go^l-ons-iiess, n. 

Gopher (k5i/p8r), n. A familiar metal of reddish 
color, ductile, malleable, and tenacious ; a coin, 
also a boiler, made of copper. -7- GopipAT-lsll, 
GOfp^r-y ( -pSr-3^ ), a. Containing or resem- 
bling copper. — V. t. [CoppBRBD ; Cofpkrxng. ] 
To cover or sheathe with sheets of copper. — 
Gop^er-hoad' (-hfidO* n. A poisonous Amer- 
ican serpent — Gopfper-plate' ( -plat' ), n. A 
plate of copper engraved, or a print taken there- 
from. — Gop'per-nnitll' (-smith'), n. A worker 
in copper. 

Gop'per-as (kSp'oSr-as), n. Sulphate of Iron; 
green vitriol. 

Gop^lce (kSp'pTs), n. A wood of small growth ; 
underwood or brushwood. 

GopM (kSps), n. A coppice ; a thicket. 

Oop'n-la (kop'Q-l&), n. A word uniting the sub- 
ject and predicate of a proposition. — Gop'n- 
late (-lit), V. t. To unite in sexual embrace. — 
Gop'u-la'tton (-IS'shOn), n. Act of coupling ; 
coition. — Gop'U-la-tlTe (kSp'tt-lft-ttv), a. Serv- 
ing to unite or connect ; uniting the sense as 
well as the words in a sentence. — n. A con- 
junction noting connection of ideas. 

Oop'y (kSp'j^), n. A writing like another writing ; 
a transcript ; a manuscript to be printed from ; 
a model ; pattern. — v. /. & t. [Copoid (-Id) ; 
CoPTiNO.] To transcribe ; to imitate ; to mimic. 

— Gopl-er (-T-8r), Gop^-er, Gop'y-lst (-T-Ist), 

n. One who copies, transcribes, or plagiaiinii 
— Ckipy iMOk. A book containing copies for 
learners to imitate. — Gop'y-gni^ll (-grftf ), n. 
A contrivance for producing manifold copies of 
a writing or drawmg. — G^^-xlgbV (-rif ), n. 
The exclusive right of an author to publish his 
own works, ^v. t. To secure by copyright (a 
book, drama, picture, etc.). 

Go-duet' (kt-kfit')« V- t' [Coqustted; Goqukt- 
TiNG.] To attempt to attract admiration or 
love, with intent to disappoint. — v. i. To 
trifle in love ; to flirt — Go-qLnflfly (-rj^), n. Af- 
fectation of amorous advances; propensity to 
coquet. — Go-^natta' (-kSf ), n. A woman given 
to coquetry ; a jilt — Go-qiuenisll (-tYsh^, a. 
Practicing or exhibiting coquetry ; befitting a 
coquette. — Go-Onet'tlSA-ly, adv. 

llGo-nnl'lia (kt-ke'nA), n. A soft, whitish coral- 

Gor'a-Ole (k5r'&-k*l), n. A Welsh fishing boat, 
having a wicker frame covered with leather, etc 

Gor'al (kfir'al), n. The solid secretion of zoo- 
phytes, consisting almost purely of carbonate of 
lime. — Gor'al-Une (-lln or -lin), a. Of, like, 
or containing, coral. 

GorntalL (kdr'bSn), n. An alms basket; a gift; 
alms; oblation. 

GorHDel (k6ra)61), n. A short piece of timber, 
iron, etc., in a wall, jutting out like a bracket 
^v. t. To furnish with corbels. 

Gord (kdrd), n, A string, or small rope ; a solid 
measure, equivalent to \7& cubic feet ; a pile 18 
feet long, 4 feet high, and 4 feet broad, —v. i. 
To bind with a cord ; to pile up (wood) for meas- 
urement and sale by the cord. — Gord'age (-tj)* 
n. Ropes or cords ; — used collectively. 

Gor'date (kdr'dtt), a. Heart-shaped. 

Ger'dlal (kdr'jal or kdrd'yal), a. Proceeding 
from the heart ; tending to revive, cheer, or in- 
vigorate; hearty; warm; affectionate. — ». 
Anything that comforts; a medicine which 
does so ; aromatized and sweetened spirit, em- 

Eloyed as a beverage. — Gor ' dial- ly, adv. — 
lor-dlal'1-ty (k8r-jSl'T-tj^ or kdr'dl- Si'-), 
Gor'dlal-neSBf n. Hearty good will. 

Gox^don (kdr^dSn; F. kdr'ddNO, n. A ribbon 
borne as a badge of honor ; a Une of military 

Gor'du-roy (kdr'dtt-roi' or kOr^dfi-roiO* n. A 
thick cotton stuff, corded or ribbed on the sur- 
face. — Gordnroy XIMUL A roadway formed of 
logs laid side by side across it 

Oord'wain-er (kdrd'wan-Sr)^ n. A shoemaker. 

Gore (kSr), n. The heart or inner part of a thing, 
esp. of xruit ; the internal mold which forms a 
hollow in casting, as in a tube or pipe. — v. t. 
[GoRXD (kSrd) ; Cobino.] To take out the core 
or inward parts of. — Gw'tr, n. 

Go'ri-a'oeoiui (kS'rT-a'shlis), a. Consisting of or 
resembling leather ; leathery. 

Go'rl-ail'der (kS'rT-Sn'dSr), n. A plant bearing 
spicy medicinal seeds. 

Go-rlntM-an (k<(-rTn'thT-an), a. Pertaining to 
Corinth, or to Corinthian architecture. 

Gork (kdrk), n. The outer bark of the cork- 
tree ; a stopper for a bottle or cask, cut out of 
cork. —v. /. [CoBKXD (kdrkt) ; Corking.] To 
stop with corks ; to furnish with cork.— Gork'y 
(-j^), a. Consisting of, or like, cork. — Goxl> 
BOrew' (-skrj)'), n. A kind of screw for drawing 
corks from bottles. 

fSm, xecent, Arb} rude, f ^ ftm, ftfbd, f o^ot, out, oil, obair, go, sinip, iQk, then, thin. 




On'ftlhnuit (kdr'mft-rant), n. A w«b-f ootod aM 
bird, of the Pelican family ; a glutton. 

Ckm (kdm), n. A seed of oertidn planta, aa 
wheat, rye, barley, and maiae; grain. — v. <. 
[Ck>iumo (kdmd) ; Cobhimo.] To preaerre or 
cure with salt ; to granulate ; to feed with com ; 
to intoxicate. — Oom'OOV (-kSb^), n. The axis 
on which the kernels of maize grow. — Ooni'- 
■Imok' (-ahttkOt n. The husk covering an ear 
of maize. — Ooni'ltalk' (-«tf|kO,n. A stalk of 
maize. — Ooxil'8taroh< (-stii^ch'), n. Starch 
made from maize, used for puddings, etc. 

Ckm (kdm), n. A hard, hornlike excrescence 
on the feet. — Gor'lM-OIIS (kdr'nt-Us), OoiB'y, 
a. Hard, like horn. 

Oorfna-a (k8r'nt-&), n. / pi. GoamAs (-4z). The 
homy, transparent membrane covering the 
pupil of the eye. 

Oor'nel (kdr'nei), n. A shrab and its fruit. 

Oor-llAl'lail (k5r-nel'yan), n. Camelian. 

Oor'niU (kJ^i^nSr), n. An angle ; space between 
two converging lines or walls wUch meet in a 
point ; a secret or retired place ; an embarrass- 
ing position. ^ V. t, \Gqksxbms> (-nSrd) ; GoB- 
■KBiHG.l To drive into a comer, or into a po- 
sition ox difficulty or necessary surrender; to 
get control of (stocks). — Oor'Uor-WlBO' (-wiz^), 
adv. From comer to corner ; with the comer 
in front; diagonally. — Comer ftone. A stone 
at the comer of two walls, and uniting them ; a 
thing of great importance or indispensable. 

Oor'&at (Iror'nSt), n. A musical wind instro- 
ment; the standard bearer of a troop of cav- 
alry. — Cknrfnst-ey (-BJ^)t »• The commission or 
raidc of a comet. 

Oor'lnioe (kOr'nTs), n. The molding at the top of 
a wall or column. 

Oox^nu-OO'pl-a (kdr^nfi-kS^pT-A), n. The bora of 
plenty ; — an emblem of abundance. 

Owr'ol (kSr'Sl), ) n. The inner part of a 

Oo-rol'la (k^-rSlOA), ) flower, composed 
of leaves, caXLeApeUdt, 

Oor'ol-la-ry (kSr'Ol-U-it). n. An infeiw 
ence derived incidentally ; a consequent 

Oo-ro^na (kd-rS^ni). «. Grown; halo. 
— Gor'o-nal (kSrS-nal or ki-ro'nal), a. 
Pertiuning to a crown, a coronation, or 
the top of the head. — n. A crown ; 
a wreath; the frontal bone. — Oor'O- 
na-ry (kSr^-nt-rj^), a. Relating to 
or resembling a crown. — Gor'O-lia'- 
tlon (-na'shtin), n. The act or solem- 
nity of crowning; (a sovereign). 

Oor'O-ner (kSr'i-nSr), n. An officer who inquires 
into the manner of a violent death. 

Oor'O-net (kSr'd-nfit), n. A crown worn by noble- 
men ; upper part of a horse's hoof. 

Oor'po-ral (kdr'pi-ral), n. The low- 
est officer of a military company of 
infantry. . 

Oor^ral (kdr'pi-ral), a. Pertain- 
ing to the body ; having a body coronet, 
or substance; not spiritual; mate- 
rial; bodi^. — Cor'po-rari-ty (-rXlT-t^), n. 
State of being a bodv or embodied ; materiality. 
— Oor'pO-ral-ly (ker'p6-ral-iy), adv. In or 
with the body; Dodily. — Oor^rate (-rtt), 
a. United in an association ; incorporated ; 
belonging to a corporation. — Cor'po-rato-ly, 
adv. In a corporate capacity. — Oor'po-ra'tioil 

a Many- 
etaled ; 6 

(-li'shlbi), n. A society legally authorized to 
act aa a single person. — Oorl^n'tor (-ra'tSr). 
n. A member of a corporation. — OOT-pofro-U 
(kSr-pS'rS-al), a. Having a body ; material. — 
Oor-po'ro-al-lftt, n. One who denies the reality 
of spbitual existences; a materialist. — Oor-po'- 
ro-all-ty (-Sl^-tj^). n. state of being corporeaL 
— Oor-pote-al-ly (-pS'ri-al-lj^), adv. In a bod- 
ily form <nr manner. — Oofpo-nl-ty (kdr'pft- 

re^-t^),n. Materiality. 


Onpf (k5r, pi. korz), n. ting. & pL IL body of 

CorpM (kdrps), n. A dead hvunan body. 

OOTTV-lVAt (kdr'pfi-lent), a. Having an ex- 
cessive quantity of flesh ; fleshy ; fat ; pursy ; 
obese. — Oor'pn-lont-ly, adv. — Oor'pn-lenoe 
(-l«ns), Oor'pn-len-oy (-len-sf ), n. Fleshiness. 

Ccv^piUhOle (k6r'pfis-84), n. A miqute particle ; 
an atom. — Oor-pna'cn-lar (kSr-pfisHLQ-ler), a. 
Pertaining to, or composed of, corpuscles. 

Oor-roof (kSr-rSkf), a. Right; proper; free 
from error ; accurate ; exact ; precise ; rc^g^ular. 
»- v. t. To make or set right ; to reprove or 
punish for faults ; toamend ; to rectify ; to im- 

8 rove ; to chastise ; to punish ; to chasten. — 
lor-reotlT, adv. — Oor- root ' ness, n. — Gor- 
root'or (-er), n. — Oor-rootlon (-rSk'shfin), n. 
A correcting ; amendment ; purishment ; dis- 
cipline. — Gor - reo ' tion - al (-ai), Ger-reot'lYO 
(-rSk'tIv), a. Tending to correct. 

Oor'ro-late' (kSr're-lSf or kSr'r^-laf ), v. i. To 
have reciprocal or mutual relations ; to be mu- 
tually related. — Gorro-latioil (-IF'shSn), n. 
Reciprocal or mutual relation. — Oor-rora-tlTe 
(-r6r&-tTv), a. Having or indicating reciprocal 
relation; reciprocal. ^n. One that stands in 
reciprocal relation to another ; the antecedent 
of a pronoun. — Oor-rol'a-tiYO-ly, adv. 

Ocayro-apond' (kSr'rS-spSud'), V. i. To suit ; to 
agree ; to flt ; to have intercourse ; to inter- 
change letters. — Gor'ro-Bpond'onoe (-spSn'- 
dtfns), Oor'ro-apond'an-oy l-^^-»f)j »• Mutual 

adairfation of one thing to another ; fltness ; 
intercourse; letters I>etween correspondents. — 
Oor^re-spond'eilt (-^lent), a. Having or indica- 
ting correspondence or fitness; suitable; an- 
swerable, ^n. One who corresponds ; one with 
whom intercourse is carried on by letters. — 
Oor^ro-apond'onMy, Gor're-spondlng-ly, adv. 

Oor^-dor (kSr'rT-dor or -d5r), n. A gallery 
leading to independent apartments. 

Oor'ri-gl-blO (k5r'rI-jT-b*l), a. Capable of being 
set right : punishable. — Gor'rl-gl-blO-neaa, n. 

Gor-ri^al (kor-ri'val), n. A fellow-rival ; a com- 
petitor. —a. Havmg contending claims; emu- 

Oor-rob'0-rate (kSr-rSy^-rat), v. t To make mora 
certain ; to confirm. — Gor-rob'O-rant (-rant), a. 
Strengthening. ^ n. A medicine tliat strength- 
ens the body when weii^ ; a tonic. — Gor-rob'O- 
ration (-i-rS'shtiu), n. A corroborating or con- 
firming ; a confirmation. — Gor-rob'O-ra-ttTO 
(-r&-tlv), a. Corroborating ; confirmatory. — n. 
A corroborant. — Gor-rob'o-ra-to-ry (-t6-ry), a. 
Tending to strengthen ; corroborative. 

Oor-rode' (kSr-rSd'), V. t. To eat away or consume 
by degrees; to canker; to gnaw; to rust; to wear 
away. — Gor-rod'ont (-r^'d^nt), n. Any sub- 
stance that corrodes. — Gor-rod'1-ble (-dT-bU), 
Cor-ro'Si-ble (-sT-b'l), a. Capable of being cor- 
roded or eaten away. — Oor-ro'Slon (-rS'zhtin), 

Bv6kI,5,a,loBgi A,«,I,5,fi,t»«>u>rt;aeiittt«.6veDt,td«a,6bey,aiate,cftre,ttnn,ask,|^,fliMil, 


a. An sating or WHring Hw^alanl;^— Qoi- 
n'ltn(-i1v),a. Entiiig ■wKv 1 ncrimoDloui, — 
n. Anything tint corrodm, hett, or iirlutw. 
Oai'm-fit* (kSr'ra^ai), v. t. To roim Into 
wriokka or loldi. — (-stt). a. Wrinkled ; [ui. 
" — Oorrn-MtMiC-gi'shfln), 

'ttlita;todcpnvBi todeHle; tosntica; 
to bribe. —1. 1. lopntrsff ; to rot ; to Ion pur- 
1^.— a. Spoiled ; tilnted ; deprared ; dsbued ; 
PMrerted. — OarnBtlT. ado. ~ Got rnpfaMt, 
■. — OW-npTW (-rllp^r), n. — Ool-r^l-bll 
(-tl-b'I), a. Cupsbls of being coirupted.— 
A. Ttut wfaloh mu deoav And periah ; the hu- 
num body. - 00T«UPt'l-bU'i-tT (-bll't-tf), 
0«r-Ziipn-U»«aH, n. — Oor-rnpn-Uy. adt. 
— OW-rWttel {■rHp'<httn)in. Aoomiptiog; 
pdtnfaOtHte ; pouutlon ; dobuement ; adiiltera- 
tlon; de[aavl»; wiclwdDeu ; aiat.—00tnal'- 
lTt(-tlT),n. awing thenufllitTofcorruDtinff. 
OOI^UM (MiW), n. Ibe 


Oofut <i 


,. (kOre'iet), I 
iport tfa« flgurr 

" t' 

•'(kBr'ttih'),". Atndnrfitl 
;k8raS>), n. ^. Ths legiilUlTa 

Bslonghiff to, or non- 

0<n*tt-<Ml (kftr^I-kal). b 
tlstipg of, bark ; eiten 
Oa<vWt*d (-kl'tSd). 
tbe bark or rind of > triH. 

OaitlMlU (kSr^lfrUCorkg-rnAit), 
thnnr off fl^ihna of light ; to glitter | 
to nwrkle. — Os-ni'luilt < kl - rOa ' 
Antdd^flub; blaie; radiation. 

OoiTM (kfir-rtt), Oor-TStU' (kSr-^f), 

ODI'TUI (kSfcin), 0. Pertaining to tha 
(ter'Tinli (k3^^^lb or -Tin), n. A ipecie 
Oetaj ('•V'h a. See Coit. 

OOB'llllfl (kaz'oilk), OsB'mlo-ll (kl 

On-msE^o-DT (kGi-tnflet-Dj)). n. I 
ra-phT (kBj-mSg'r»-9). « 

dwBlling ; a cot ; » hBl.-Oon«. 
m (-I^Bir), Ooftn (-CSr), «. 
0d6 »bo Hvea In a cottage. 
Osftn (kSCCgr), n. A wedge of 

nlm (-f8r|, B.— 

IklTo- Pertalntni 

OoHut'o-iy (kSi-i 

tu (k'Oi^j-pMli-bBO;'! 

(-mflp'lt-Ut), n. OHVhotaunou. 

», bnt la u home in wwrj place ; i 

li'mBaVn. Thou 

lUned wIthiD the 


OoAlt(kWM(),)>. AHmbnuBi] by haiaia 

pet. ^v, f. To foodie ; to coddle. 
OMt ftfat), V. I. To require to bo giTen, a. 

peoded, or laid out for i to cuueto be nillered. 
^n. Amonnt p^; pricey loea; enSUiiig.^ 
OaUflJ.a. OttrrsUcostorbighpriaeieipen- 
liTe 1 amnptiioaB. — 0««ni-MIM, n. 

OWtil (kSe^), a. PertaiaiDB to tba rih*. 

0«rtlT* (hHialV), a. Betiining fecal mutter In 
the bowek; conatlpated. — Oo^Uvr-DMi, ■. 

atat^-tlMMh »., 00(107, a. See under CoaT. 

Goitnmi' (kSetum' or kBa-tum'J, n. Btjle or 
mode of dreai, — Oottnrn'M (-tum'Sr), n. One 
irho makea or proridea ooetumea, for tboatera, 

Oo'irTkU'rt), a. SwCoCT. 

Got (kflt), Oat« {kat), n. A imall bonae ( a oot- 

Dot, Ootl (k»), fi.' Aamallaleepii^idacaiallt- 

tle bed : a cradle ; a folding bedBead. 
Oo-ton'pMi'n^ou, 0»taa'pD-n-rT, eto. Beo 

IIO»'t»'iU' (btt<-r«'), n. A aet ol penona who 

meet familiarly: a club; acUqne. 
IWVl'taa.' (kt'tVvSB' or kt'Ul'rSii'), Oo-tU'- 

lion (kS^n'yOn), n. A briak danoe of eight per- 

Bom ; a quadrille ; woolen drua 


m [kfit/t'n|,n. A plant growing in warm oU- 

»e i eof I, downy, woot 
I fiber produced by It | 

- Cot^-1 ° 


,, OM'T-Waimni 
(-Bb), a. Pertaining to 

aanoli (koucb), n. A plaoa ^ 

!'ucW)7cii;cmi.o.] To ' 

— OoQOli'ut {-amy, a. I^ing 

in (kjlt) ; ConOH- 
H(diy eipulaion of 

BtB, Nsant, «ib, rsd*, Ivll, On, ftfM, U 




CkmU (kd6d), imp, of Can. 

OooFtari n. Same aa Coltb. 

Oovn'oil (koun'sTl), n. Aa assembly for consul- 
tation or advice. — Oonn'cil-or (-Sr), n. A mem- 
ber of a council. 

Ck>im'86l (koun'sSl), n. Interchai^e oi opinions ; 
consultation ; prudence ; advice; purpose; plan ; 
one who advises ; a leg^ advocate or body of 
lasers managing a case. — v. U [Gounsblbo 


LiNO. J To advise ; to admonish. — Ckran'86l-or 
(-3r), n. An adviser ; a barrister ; a lawyer. 

CknULl (kount), V. t. To number ; to reckon ; to 
compute ; to esteem ; to ascribe. — v. i. To 
number ; to add strength or influence ; to de- 
pend ; to rely. ^ n. Act of numbering ; ascer- 
tained amount ; reckoning ; part of a declara- 
tion. — Oonnt'ttrt n. One who counts or keeps 
an account ; a piece of metal, etc., used in keep- 
ing accounts or tallies; a table on which to 
count money or exhibit goods. — Countless 
(-16s), a. Numberless ; innumerable. 

Oonnt (kount), n. A European nobleman, equal 
in rank to an English earL — Oonnf ess (-es), 
n. The wife of an earl or count. 

Cknin'to-naiice (koun'ti-nans), n. Appearance; 
look; mien; the face; aid; encouragement.— 
V. L To encourage ; to favor ; to support. 

Ctovnt'er, ». See under Oount, v, t, 

Ooim'ter (koun'ter), a. Gontrary ; opposite ; con- 
trasted ; anta^nistic. ^ adv. In opposition ; 
c ontrar iwise ; in the wrong way. 

gey~ This word is prefixed to many verbs and 
nouns, expressing opposition, 

— a. The after body of a ship ; a high tenor in 
music ; the heel part of a shoe. 

Ckmn'tor-aot' (koun^ter-SktOi v, t. To act in op- 
position to ; to hinder ; to defeat ; to frustrate. 
^ Oovn'ter-aG'tioil (-Sk'shun), n. Action in 
opposition ; hindrance. 

Oonn'ter-bal'anoe (koun^tSr-bSl'ans), v. t. To 
oppose with an equal weight ; to act against. — 
Ooil]lter-lial''anoe (kounter-bSl^ans), n. Equal 
opposing weight ; equivalent. 

Oovn'ter-Oliann' (koun^ter-charm'), v. t. To de- 
stroy the effect of a charm upon. — Goun'ter- 
Ohaxm' (koun'tSr-ch&rm'), n. Tliat which dis- 
solves a charm. 

Ctonn^ter-Oheok' (koun^ter-chSkO, v. t To check; 
to oppose. — Govn'ter-Olieck^ (koun'tSr-chSkO, 
n. A check ; a stop ; a rebuke. 

Oonnter-olaim' ( koun'tSr-klSm' ), ». A claim 
that one makes to offset a claim nutde upon him. 

Ooim'tor-CllX^rent (koun'tSr-klir'rent), a. Run- 
ning in an opposite direction. — n. A current 
running opposite to the main. current. 

Gonnter-felt (koun'tSr-ftt), a. Resembling; 
made like something else, in order to defraud ; 
false ; spurious.^ v. /. To put on a semblance 
of; to imitate with a view to deceive or de- 
fraud ; to forge, —v. «'. To dissemble ; to feign. 
— n. Likeness; counterpart; a forgery; a 
cheat; an impostor. — Gonnter-felVer (-fTf- 
8r), n. 

GoiUL^ter-nUUld' (koun'tSr-m&nd'), v. t. To revoke 
(a former command). — Gonn'ter-mand (koun^- 
tSr-m&nd), n. A contrary order. 

Oonn'ter-march' (kounUer-mSrch'), v.t. To 
march back, or in a reversed order. — Gonnter- 
marbll' ( koun ' tSr - march ' ), n. A marching 
back ; change of the wings or face <A a battalion. 

OoUL'ter-mlne' (koun'tSr-min^), n. An under- 
ground gallery made to intercept and destroy 
the mines of a besieging enemy ; measures for 
opposition or counteraction. — OoiUL'ter-llllne' 
( koun'tSr-min' ), v, t, & i. To frustrate by 
secret and opposing measures. 

Oonn'ter-pane' (koun'ter-pan^), n. A coverlet for 

OoiUL'ter-part' (koun'tSr-p&rt^), n. A part corre- 
sponding to another part ; a copy ; a duplicate ; 
an opposite. 

OonntM: ploa^ (koun'ter plS^). A replication. 

Ooim'ter-piot' (koun'ter-plSf), v. t. To oppose 
(another plot) by plotting. — Oonn' tor -plot' 
(koun'ter-plSt^), n. A plot or artifice opposed 
to another. 

Gonnter-point' (koun'tSr-pomf ), n. An oppo- 
site point ; the art of composing music in parts. 

Oonnter-polse' (koun'ter-polz/), v. t. To act 
against with equal weight; to counterbalance. 
— Ocimter-poise' (koun'tSr-poiz^), n. A weight 
sufficient to balance another ; equilibrium ; equi- 

Ooim'ter-BCarp' (konn'tSr-skSrpOt n. The exte- 
rior edope of the ditoh in fortifications ; also, the 
whole covered way, with its parapet and glacis. 

Oonnter-Sign' (koun'tSr-sinO, v, t. To sign (as 
secretary) opposite the signature of a principal, 
to attest authenticity, ^n. The signature of a 
secretary, to attest authenticity; a private signal, 
which must be given in order to pass a sttitry. 

Oonn'ter-sink' (koun'tSr-sTnkO) v. t. To form a 
depression around the top of (a hole in wood, 
metal, etc.), to receive the head of a screw or 
bolt below the surface ; to sink (a screw or bolt) 
even with or below the surface, ^n. A cavity 
for receiving the head of a bolt ; a tool for form- 
ing such a depression. 

Oonn'ter ten'or (koun'tSr tSn'Sr). A middle 
part in music, between tenor and treble. 

Oonn'ter-Tail' (koim't8r-val')i v. t. [Gouktbb- 
VAiLBD (-vald'); Gouktkbvailikg.] To act 
against with equal force or effect ; to balance. 

Gonnt'essCkount'Ss), n. Wife of an earl or count. 

Oonnt'lng-nonse' (kount^ng-hous^), Oonnt'ing- 
room' (-rd&m^), n. A house or room for kee^g 
books, papers, and accounts. 

Ooimtless (kountlSs), n. Innumerable; num- 

Oovntry (ktin'tr)^), n. A region ; a rural region, 
as opposed to a city ; a state ; native land. —a. 
Rural ; rustic ; unrefined ; rude. — Oonn'trl-fleil 
(-trT-fid), a. Rustic in manner or appearance ; 
uncouth. — Gonntry-man, Gonn'txy-wom^on, 
n. An inhabitant of the country ; a rustic ; a 
citizen of one's own country ; a compatriot. 

Gonn'ty ( koun't^ ), n. Ong., an earldom ; an 
administrative district of a state ; a shire. 

llGon'pd' (ko&'pa'), n. A compartment of a Euro- 
pean railway car- 
riage; a four- 
wheeled close car- 

Gon'ple (kfip^l), n. 
Two things of the 
same kind ; a pair ; 
a brace, —v. t. & i. « . 

[CouPLBD (klip'»ld) ; *^°"P«- 

CouPLiNO (-ITug).] To link or connect together ; 
to join; to embrace; to marry. — Goup'ler 
C-ler), n. — Gonplot (-18t), n. Two verses that 

a, e,I, o, a, long ; ft, «,1, 5, fi, f, short ; senftte, 6vent, tdea, ^bey, finite, cftie, firm, &8k, ^ fiiudi 




rb]rme ; a pair. — Oonpning (-ITng), n. Oon- 
nection ; sexual union ; that wluch connects one 
thing with another, as a hook, chain, etc. 

Oon^'poil (kSd'pSn ; F. kOS'pdN'), n. An interest 
certificate attached to a bond ; a section of a 
ticket, showing the accommodation due to the 

Cknur'age (kfir'&j), n. Boldness in meeting dan- 
ger or suffering; bravery; daring; firmness. 

— Oonr-a'gOOlUl ( kfir - a ' jlis ), a. Possessing, 
or ctmracterized by, courage ; heroic ; intrepid ; 
fearless ; stout ; enterprising. — OoiU-a'gOOUI- 
ly, adv. — Oonr-a'gMns-nesB, n. 

Oom'ri-er (kSo'rT-Sr), n. A messenger sent in 
haste ; an attendant on travelers. 

Oonrso (kors), n. A passing or running ; ground 
traversed ; line of progress ; direction ; stated 
action ; method ; conduct ; portion of a meal 
served at one time ; horizontal range of stone, 
brick, etc., in a building. — v. ^ & i. [Goubsbd 
(kSrst) ; Goubsiho.] To run ; to hunt ; to chase. 
— Ooun/er, n. One who courses or hunts; a 
swift horse ; a racer. 

CkniXt (kort), n. An inclosed space ; yard ; the resi- 
dence of a sovereign, nobleman, etc. ; a palace ; 
the retinue of a sovereign ; conduct designed to 
gain favor ; politeness ; addresses ; seat of jus- 
tice ; a judge in any case, as distinguished from 
the counsel ; a session of a judicial assembly. — 
V, L To seek the favor of ; to solicit ; to adc in 
marri^ ; to woo ; to idlure ; to attract. — 
Oonrtly, a. Relatiiu^ to a court ; polite ; ele- 
gant ; obsequious. — Oonrtli-ness, n. — Oonrt'- 
im (-ySr), ». One who frequents courts, or who 
solicits favors. — Ooort^Silip, ». Solicitation 
of favor ; wooing in love. — uoiirt oard. See 
Coat cabd, under Goat, n. — Gonrt haxid. 
Huidwriting used in records and judicial pro- 

Ckmr'to-oilS (kfir't^fis), a. Of coartlike or ele- 
gant and condescending manners ; manifesting 
courtesy ; obliging ; polite ; civil ; complaisant. 

— Gonrto-ons-ly, cuft;.— Oonr^e-ons-iiess, n. 
Oonr'tO-san (kfir'tS-zSn), n. A prostitute; a har- 
lot i a strumpet. 

Oonr'to-sy (kfir't^-sj^), n. Elegance of manners ; 
act of civility or respect ; favor or indulgence, 
as distinguished from right. 

OoQlte'sy (kfirfsj^), n. A gesture of renpect by 
women.— v. i. [Coubtbsikd (-sTd); Gotjbts- 
STiNo.] To bow the body slichtly, with bend- 
ing of the knees, as an expresuon of civility. 

OonrMlOtse' (kSrfhous'), n. A house in which 
established courts are held ; a county town. 

Oonrt^-mar'tlal (kSrt^mSr'shalXn. ; pi. Goubts- 
martial. a court of officers, for trial of of- 
fenses against military or naval laws. — v. t. To 
subject to trial by a court-martial. 

Oonrt'-plas'ter (kSrt'pl&s'tSr), n. Sticking 
plaster made of silk. 

Oons'ln (kfiz'*n), n. One collaterally related ; a 
child of an uncle or aunt. — Gons'Ul'-ger'llian 
(-j8r'm&n), n. / pi. Gousins-oekman. A first 
cousin ; a cousin m the first generation. 

00T6 (kov), n. A small creek or bay ; a recess in 
a mountain side. —v. /. To arch over. 

Oov'e-nant (k&v'^-nant), n. An agreement; a 
contract ; a bargain. ^ (-i^nt), v. i. & i. To 
stipulate ; to contract. — Gov'e-nant-er (-Sr), n. 
One who makes an agreement. — OOT'e-nant-OX^ 
(-dr'), n. The party who makes a legal covenant. 

OoT'er (kfiv'Sr), o. t. [CovnuKo (-Srd) ; Com- 
ING.] To spread over ; to clothe ; to conceal ; to 
screen; to hide; tooomprehencL— n. Shelter: 
disguise. — GoY'OT-lBg, n. Anything spread 
over. — GO¥^er-let (-let), n. A bedspread. 

Gov^nrt (kfiv'Srt), a. Covered over ; hid ; shel- 
tored ; private ; disguised. — n. A hiding place ; 
a thicket ; a shelter ; a defense ; feathers at the 
base of the quills in bird's wings and tails. — 
Gov'nrt-ly, adv. Secretly i privately. 

GoT'er-tnre (k&v'Sr-t&r), n. Covering ; shelter ; 
condition of a woman during marriage. 

OOV'et (kliv'St), V. t. [GOVSTED ; CovzTiHfi.] To 
wish for inordinately, unreasonably, or unlaw- 
fully ; to hanker after ; to lust after. — OoT'et- 
ons (-St-tls), a. Inordinately desirous ; excess- 
ively eager ; avaricious ; miserly ; niggardly. — 

Gov'et-oiifl-ly, adv. — Oov^et-ou-iiMS, n. 

Gov'ey (kliv'J^) n. A brood of young birds; a 
company; a set. 

Oow (kou), n. ; pi. Cows (kouz) ; old pi. Km 
(kin). The female of homed cattle, also of some 
large mammals, as the whale, seal, eto. 

Oow (kou), V. t. [GowxD (koud) ; Gownra.] To 
depress with fear ; to overawe ; to daunt. 

Oow'ard (kou'Srd), n. One who lacks courage to 
meet danger ; a craven ; poltroon ; dartara. -« 
a. Destitute of courage ; timid ; base. — Gow'- 
ard-lce (-Ts), n. Want of courage ; pusillanim- 
ity. — Gow'ard-ly (-ly ), a . Wanting courage ; 
timorous; dastardly; mean; base. — adv. In 
the manner of a coward. — OoWard-U-naM, n. 

Oow'er (kou'Sr), V. i. rCowESSD (-8rd) ; Cowkb- 
IHO.] To sink by bending the knees ; to crouch 
through fear. 

GowlienL^ (kouHiSrd'), n. One who tends cowi. 

Gow^de' (kouliIdOf n. The hide of a cow ;, 
l^ither, or a whip, made from it. 

G0Wl (koul), n. A monk's hood ; a cap for the 
top of a chimney. . 

Oowllok^ (koulTkO, n. A tuft of hi^r turned up 
over the forehead. 

Gow'pOX' (kou'pSks'), n. The vaccine disease. 

Gow'rie (kou'rj^), Oow'lJ, n. A small shell, used 
for money in the East Indies. 

Gow'sUp' (kou'slTp'), n. A species of primrose, 
growing in moist places. 

Goz'OOmD' (kSks'kSm^), n. A cockscomb. 

GoyCkoi), a. Shrinking from familiarity; shy; 
bashful ; distant. — Goy'ly, adv. — G07']lM8,n. 

Goy-O^ (koi-o'ta or koi-Ct'), n. A dog-like ani- 
mal of Western North America ; a prairie wolf. 

Goz (k&z), n. Contraction of Cousin. 

Ooz'«n (kliz'^n), V. t. [Cozened (-'nd) ; Cozening.] 
To cheat ; to beguile ; to deceive. — Ooz-en-age 
(•ftj), n. Trick ; fraud. — Goz'on-ar, n. 

Go'^ (kS'zy ), a. Snug ; easy. — Go'zl-ly, adv. 

Grab (krSb), n. A ten-legged crustaceous animal ; 
a wUd apple ; a ma- 
chine for hoisting, 
holding, eto. — GraV- 
bed (krSb'bSd), a. 
Harsh ; rough ; cross ; 
morose. — Grabnied- 
ly, adv. — GraVbed- 
noss, n. 

Graok (krSk), v. t. & i. cmb. 

[Cracked (krSkt) ; 

Cracking.] To break ; to snap. — n. A partial 
separation ; a fissure ; a crevice ; a sudden sharp 
noise ; craziness ; insanity. — a. Particularly 

ISm, recent, drb, r^de, i^fllf fkin, ftfbd, f^^t, out, oil, cliair, go, siust il|k, then, Ulin. 




esodlent. lCoUoq.'\ — Onsikfw (krSk'Sr), n. 
One who, or that which, cracka ; a hard biacuit ; 
a small, noisy firework ; a nickname for a poor 
white in the Southern States. 

OrtOlLle (kritk^kU), V. i. To make slight cracks ; 
to make small, abrupt, snapping noises.— n. A 
crackling ; a glazing on pottery which causes it 
to seem cracked in all directions. — OXAO'kllllg 
(-klTng), n. Small, abrupt cracks or reports ; 
the rind of roasted pork. 

On'dls (krS'dl), n. A rocking bed for infants ; 
framework attached to scythes, to catch grain 
when mown. —v. t. To lay (a child) in a cra- 
dle ; to nurse ; to cut (grain) with a cradle. 

Oralt (kr&ft), n. Dexterity in manual employ- 
ment ; a txade ; cunning ; guile ; vessels of any 
kind. — Onffy (kr&f'w), a. Gunning; sly; 
shrewd ; tricl^. — Grazt'i-ly, adv. — Graff 1- 
IIMS, n. — Grafts'man (kr&fts'man), n.; pL 
CSAFTSVEH (-m«n). An artificer ; a mechamc. 

Orag (krSg), n. A steep, rugged rock. — Grag'- 

fed (-g8d), Grag^gy (-gj), a. Pull of crags. — 
Irag'f od-naas, (mLg^gl-neaa, n. 

Oram (krSm), v. t. &u [Gbammbd (krXmd) ; 
Cbahmino.] To eat greedily ; to stuff ; to fiU ; to 
prepare for examination, by reviewing studies. 

GramlH) (krSm'bd ), n. A game at finding rhymes. 

Oramp (lorSmp), n. A restraint ; a spasm of the 
muscles; an iron implement to hold objects to- 
gether. — V. i. [Gbamfbo (krSmt) ; Gbahfing. ] 
To hold tightly together ; to restrain ; to hinder. 

Oram-pooiU/CkrSm-poonzOf n. pi. Hooked pieces 
of inm, for holding or hoisting heavy materials. 

Oranlier-ry (kr8n'b6r-rj^) 
n. A rod, sour ber^, 
growing in swamps. 

Orane (krSn), n. A wading 
bird ; a nuumine for moving 
heavyweights; a siphon. 

Ora'nl-nm (krS'nT-lim), n. ; 

£1. E. GBANnncs (-umz), 
. GBAinA (-&). The skull ; 
the brainpfui. — Gra'Ui-al 
(-nT-al), a. Pertaining to 
the cranium. — Gra^nl-Ol'- 
0-gy (-^SW-jy), «. The sci- 
ence of, or a treatise on, the Cnme, £. 
skull or brain ; phrenology. 
Orank (krSnk), n. A bend in, or bent portion of, 

1 Single Crank ; 2 Double Crank { 8 Bell Crank. 

an axis ; bend, turn, or wind^ ; a verbal con- 
ceit ; a person full of crotchets, or of perverted 
judgment. — a. Infirm ; top-heavy ; liable to 
overset (said <rf a ship) ; brisk ; lively ; opin- 

Oran'kle (kri^n'kM), v.i. &t To run in a whid- 
ing course; to bend, wind, and turn. ^n. A 
bend or turn. 

Oran'ny (krSn'nj^), n. A crevice; a crack; a 
narrow fissure. 

Grape (krSp), n. A thin, transparent stuff, used 
for mourmng garments. 

Oraall (krXsh), v. t. [Gbashsd (krSsht) ; Gbasb- 
IHO.] To break to pieces violently, "-ii;. t*. To 
make a loud, clattering sound. — n. A loud 
sound of things filling and breaking ; a smash ; 
ruin; fidlure. 

Graab (krXsh), n. Coarse linen cloth. 

Graa^aa-ment (krSs'sA-ment), n. The thick part 
of the blood ; clot. 

Graa'ai-tnde (kr&s'sY-tud), n. Orossness ; coarse- 
ness; thickness. 

Grate (krat), n. A wicker pannier for crockery ; 
a slatted box for fruit. — v. t. To pack in a crate. 

Grater (krS'tSr), n. The mouth of a volcano. 

Graimoll (krSnch), V. t. To crush with the teeth ; 
to chew noisily ; to crunch. 

Gra-vaf (kr^-vSt^, ». A neckcloth. 

Grave (kriiv), v. /. [Cbavkd (krSvd) ; Gbaving.] 
To ask earnestly ; to seek ; to beg ; to implore. 
— Graving, ». Strong desire; longing. 

Gra'Yen (krSVn), n, &€u Coward ; poltroon ; 
dastard; recreant. 

Graw (krfj), n. The crop of a bird ; the stomach 
of an ftnimftlr 

Graw'fiali' (kr^'fTsh/), Grayflah' (krS'fTshO, n, 
A small fresh-water crustacean, resembling the 

Grawl (kr^l), V. i. [Cbawlkd (krj^ld) ; Crawl- 
INO.] To move as a worm ; to creep ; to feel as 
if insects were moving on the body. 

Gray'on (kra'fin), n. A jpiece of chalk, or other 
soft substance, for use m drawing ; a drawing 
made with a pencil or crayon ; a carbon pencil 
used in producing electric light.— v. /. To 
sketch, as with a crayon. 

Graze (kraz), v. t, [Crazed (krazd) ; Crazing.] 
To break into pieces; to impair the intellectx>f ; 
to render insane. — n. State of craziness ; insan- 
ity ; strong desire or passion ; infatuation ; fan- 
cy; crotchet; fad. — Gra'zy (kra'zj^), a. De- 
ranged; insane; decrepit; broken; weakened. 
— Ora'zl-ly, adv. — Gra'zi-neaa, n. 

Greak (krek), v. i, & t. [Crbakbd (krekt); 
Creaking.] To make a sharp, harsh, grating 
sound, as by friction of hard substances. — n. 
A harsh sound ; a creaking. 

Chream (krSm), n. The oily substance on the sur- 
face of milk ; the best part of a thing, —v. t. 
[Crk A MED (kremd) ; Creaming.] To yield cream. 

— v. /. To skim or take off (cream or the best 
part of anything). — Gream'y, a. Full of cream ; 
rich. — Gream'er-y (-er-y), n. Place where 
cream is made into butter or cheese, or is sold. 

Oreaae (kres), n. A mark made by folding. ^ v. t, 
[Creased (krest) ; Creasing.] To mark by 
folding or doubling. 

Gro'a-aote (kre'&'SSt), n. See Crbosotb. 

Ore-ate' (kr6-af), v. t. To bring into being ; to 
originate ; to appoint ; to make. — Ore - a ' tor 
(-a'^r), n. One who creates ; God. — Gre-a'- 
tlon (-a'shiin), n. A creating ; the bringing the 
world into existence ; formation ; the universe. 

— Ore-a'ttve (-tTv), a. Having power to create ; 
forming. — Ore-a'tlTe-neaa, n. 

Greatnre (kre'tur), n. Anything created; an 
animal ; a man ; a servile dependent. 

llGrtehe (krash), n. A public day nursery for 
poor children. 

Gre'dence (kre'dens), n. Belief ; faith. — Gro'- 
dent (-d«nt), a. Believing; giving credit. — 
Gre-den'tial (-dSn'shal), a. Giving a title to 
credit* — n. That which gives credit or a title 

fiie,I,5,a,long; ft, 6,1,5,0, j^, short; MnAte, 6vent, tdea, 6bey, finite, cftre, firm, &sk, ^ finali 


to eoaBisaai ; pi. cerliScilw that one duerra 
cndlt. or hu Huthorlty ot offlcLtJ powan. 
Ond'l-Ua (kred^-b'l), a. Caiuiblfl at bdne be 
Uand ; truatworthy. - Gn^l-DIFl-tr C-I-Kn 
m, (lr*dt-U»4WW. n- - Ondl-Ur, "^f . 
OlMlt tkrMIt), n. Beiiet ; npuUtlon ; aMeem 
~~ It; ttnw mllomd for pnymsiiC; meicnitil 
' 'ion eutitllDg ana to ba tnutod ; unoini 
v.t TobaUerai totnutitoconHdeiD 
- __..._. "-edit-Bi (-I-t8r), « 
-Owd'lt-* " 

n - - Onltt-t-blT, <«'<'■ 

il (toWS-lB-), a. Apt to 1 

lUgbt aridanoa ; anally iiupaa~i npo 
pectbu. — Ored'n-loiu-lr, adv. — Oil 
BWirO»fln'U-tT (krS-do'lt-ty), n. 

Cnaa (krM), fj. BBliaf ; Buounaiyof 

*""'""' ill bilat, bay, 01 

1; CBnPTTro.] 

— Onrp'at-tt, aitv, 
I cieepii B creaplng 

ClMl(kiEl), n. Ana 
f)n«F (krSp), B. t [ 

and teet ! lo move aloniy, st^f Mly, 

til^y:lof.wn;to. ' "^ 

— OtMP'W- ".■ 0°' 

Onsu (kiia), n. A MiUaT daner. 

Oiymtt* (kiS'init or ki j-mit'}, V. f. To bom ; 
to raduca {■ body) to utaea, by flra ; to IndneT' 
■ts. — Ort-iullatt (-mi'iihfln), n. A bumii« ; 
tbe barnlng ol tha deiid.~Omn'*-ta'Il-iuii 

(krtm'i^'rr-dmj, " " 

t#-if), n. Afnnuaaioi 

'«-t»-I7 (krSm' 

■rr (kriSm'^ 

Fartabtlnit to or employad in en 
" '^^ — . Om born of , . 

II aolonlei of f^nnca or Spali 

Oli'aU (ki*Bl), «. 

-— '- Amarlcan 

• (krS^->«), A. 

amoky miell and uitUeptLa pnpai 
Ol^^Mi (ktfipT-tit). t. i. io 

EvFOpWD ] 

.mca or Spal.. 
oily liquid, 

burst with . 

Boa {-IS'thlln), H. ,,._„ „. 

Ortpt, imp. & p. p. ol Cbuf. 

On-inu'm-lu (krC-pnanifl-iSc), On-poi'ini-linui 

(-10*), a. PertitDlQi; to tvufght ; glimmHrlDK. 
OlM'OMrt (krBB'amt), - ' ' '-- 

Orw* (kr«»), n. A» 

Omt (ktSrt), H. A t 
comb i taUl top i aplritAd 

L A ^'0 fora^aiwt^ 
— OiMt'sd.a. Wsarlng 
■ oiaat. - OTMtfaU'«n 

fcl(ll''^)| a. With drtop- 
g head -, dispirited i de- 

Ontln (kretlnl, n. An Idiot of ■ ci 

^"^te^.-On^-^ (-<i4), 
tion or dlaeua of a cntln, 
On-tatmfCkrt-tGn'i, n. A fabric ol 
flai, or cotWn and woolen ; cblnti w 

ttn, neoBt, Stb, ruda, tfll, <■ 


IIOWniM' (kit/vli^, n. A deep ereifae In ft 
glBDlar ; a raTlne ; a braKb in the embankmant 

Onr'ln (kriSvT^), n. A mrro* aplit w crack j 
a cleft ; t not. 

Onw (kni), B. A aompany of people aaHKiatel 
together : a ebip^a compan j. 

Onw (krii), imp. ol C»ow. 

Onw'Bl (krn'Sl), H. Wontsd yarn illgbtly 
twisted, uaad for embroidery, 

Ollb()irTb),«. AmanEecorrackiitalltoTcattlei 
an incloeed bedilead for a child ; a bin f pr itor- 
ing gnoD, Bait, etc, ; a Utenl tranatatiea of a 
claaitc author i petty theft | earda thrown out 
at cribban. — x. f . Jt <. [CUBBO \kilbd) ; 

purlDin. — Ollb'Uni, n. Ccnfineinent ; pUler. 
ing ; timber framework for lining eicaTatJoua, 

Lid dAwSTaU- noliUy toto the monicb. " ' 
Ollbniui (krIVbtl , n. A lame at ctrdL 
OriVtU (krlbT)'!), n. A coane eiere or acreen. 

— D. (. To p>« tbrougb ■ ileTe ; to lift. 
Ollak fkrTk), n. A cramp ; apaamodlo affactlon 

OtiaVat (krTVfit), n. An orthoptaroiu fnaect, 

having a chlrplne note. 
OrlokWtkrlk'et),!!. A game \ 

with a bat, ball, and wicket; ^ 

a low itooL — OHok'H-ar, 

OlM (kridj^toip. Sip. p. at 

Orl'ar' (kri-Sr), n. Ona who 
orlea 1 one who gfyei publto 

Ollmi (krimj, n. violation ^ 
of law I outrBAS ; sin ; tIob. 

OHml-iul (k^ml.Dai), a. 
Guilty of, InrolibiE, or re- 
lating to, crime.— n. An 

— 0ilm'l-iiaI-lT> "dv.— 
Oilni'1-iuai-tT (-nHI-lJ}, Ci1o»et 

CiliiLl-iuti (krIm'T-nitJ, 

V. (. To chargie with a 
iruilt; to Impeach. — 

OllU'1-u-to-IT <-T-ul-tt-rjF), a. 


Orlioj (krTmp), a. Kaally onimbled 1 brittle. — 

Into rldgea, wavea, or jiiiita ; to seiie i to make 
criap 1 to form Into little rldgea ; to frliile. — 
n. One who deccya recrulta Into the miliUry 
or naTaleerrlce. — Cilmrt (-JI1 <•■ Priuly, 
Oilm'pla (krim'p'l), r. I. 'K) caQ» to ihrink oi 

OHiui (fcrTnJ), a. i. To boi 
tolawn. — a. Servile cWUty 
Crl'ulle (kn'nlt), n. Hairlike ; bearded. 
0ilii'Ua(kr1n'k'l),v.i. Ai. To bend hi tun 

U«a (-kl'd), a. WrinUi^'; waiy ; ligiag. 
Orln'O-llU* <krln't-lTn), n. A lady'B ikirl 
ponded by hoopa or by hair doth ; eUtfanli 

., I«»d, ftfbt, oat, oU, ckalr, so, Ham, l«k, tbm, tl 


Illlp<^(bTp^1),T>. OnBwhot 

llmpL — 0. f^me.— (I. (. [CuPFUD (-p'ld); 

!• (kirw-di), «. (. 

iHdia ■■ ■ oUio ; to iui.'~ 

MM-ai'tr (-tfiBr), n 

«. Ajodging; critiial ludBnont ; ai 

bnt)! Cwi 

pUu of paAiiiiff. 
OrOHDU' (kilfi'Mii'), n. A tnmneng b«) 

pt. i grating formsd ot intciwctlug tnn. 
OnwiMW ^rS^OiV), n. A wenpon f« dl*- 
otmrpDS UTOwi, — formed bj^ t"*diic > bow 
Amuwijn nn ■ Itoct. 

(kTSaTbrSd'), ». A breed produosd 
Ax at diSneDt breed* : bybrid. 
._ll'il»(ki*^i-Iimnl, ■.(.*(. To 
{m wibun), to ftlicit ItcU not brought 

to ftTombla. — 


___ iD{-thM' 

im(-ibanng).] To net. 
OtNk (krOk), «. A wide-moutbed enrtben yv 

■el ; k pot ! a Jng- 
OpMb (kiSk), n. Fine bUck mutlar collected on 

' fewt \tn^/^m! annl.', vaat-^f. t. A i, 

niH.] To Mdl; to 
EutheDinm; pot- 
A large, uuphfbleos, 

.. lk(kiiaj,«. - 
poU and kettlea. 
[Chocud (kiDkt); C 

Omik'ar-* (krEk'Xr-T). 
On'au (krinds), 

pUnturdltBdowflr; .; 

a poLlBhiDH powder. 
Onft Ckim), n. A^ 

■maU ioehwd field, > 
Oim* tkran), B. An ^ 

OWST (kriS'nJ), n.7: 
IntiioaU co^an- r^ 

Omk (kii)6k), n. A 

(ED (krOfitl); Caoonsa,] 
To turn; tomTYc; to bend. — (hiwk'rf (-M), 
not BtimiBhtf orward ; fraudulent, — 
' — -'- — On»k'»d-n»i». B. 

jT biahop'B Bi 
& i. [Ck> 

1-lT, adv. 

Crop (krnp)i B. The prDtub 
offood m a bird ; the en 



mndtr (krO'tbSc), n. A Mabop*! offielal itaff 
mu (krUt), B. A gibbet, cor — 

bUUdk of two plecei ot timbi 

placed tnniYeriely upon oi 

another; the ij^mboloIChrlit 

deatb and of Chdatianity ^ a fl 

of breeds or itock.^ 

(krlW)) Obokid 

:.] To 

adv. — OrotVBMtt, n. 

(^bn'l-nl'ahDL,, ... 
tamZ-vntf (kiBe'ld'), 
turned toward tbe noae ; 

grain or flben aroaaea; eontnrj 

turned toward tbe noae ; equinting. 
OHWsnlBM' (krtla'gdiMl'), a. HaTlne tbe 

gnin or flbera aroaaea; eontnrj ; ToiaUouL 
Onu'-pnnnw (krSa'plir-paa), n. Cantnir 

purpoaej inoanaliitaDOT' 
0nuK-qn*ytl«a(kr8iMSB'ohllD),c.(. Tocnw 

""" " {-wlO, «. 

' (krila^dO, 

in piinting, a bracket; a perrerae fancy; a 
whlmiCODcelt. — Oratok'rtTC*-*)."- <*""■ 
Omuh (krouoU, «, t- .'[CaoucHui (kroucbt); 
CUWCHDCO.] lo bend down ; to Itoop or lie 

Onm|'{krS^), n. Thebuttocka of aqnadrnped, 

eapecifllly of a hone. 
Olill^ (krHKp), n. An EnflamQiatorj dlaeaae In 

the threat, with niffocation. — draiWT. n- l-lke 

CrowlkrH), n. /""" 

d, uaually black, with 

(kr(«B6y), r 

OrowA <kroHd). e. 

— Omwloirt' 

- CtOW»'-lMf , 

( i MiAto, CtMt, Idn, »b^, ftnlu, oAra, Knu, Aak, Kll, SHU 




Ofown (kroun^, n. A wreath, garland, or orna- 
ment encirclmg the head, especially as a badge 
of royalty or cQgnity ; the top of the head, also 
of a hat^ a coin ; completion ; accomplishment, 
—v. t, [Grownbd (kround) ; Cbowning.] To 
invest with a crown ; to dig^iify ; to adorn ; to 
perfect. — Grown'MT, n. 

Oru'Cial (krn'shal), a. Like or pertaining to a 
cross ; intersecting ; severe ; decisive. — OXH'- 
Ol-ate (krn'shT-&t or -shat), a. Gross-shaped. 

Orn'ol-bto (krH'st-bU), n. A chemist's^ melting 
pot ; a severe test. ^ 

Ora-olfer-ons (krn-sTfSr-fis), a. 
Bearing a cross ; belonging to 
the cruciform family of plants ; 

Orn'Ol-llZ* (krn'st.flks), n. A 
cross, with the figure of Christ Crucible. 
upon it. — Gru'cl-llz'loii 
(-fTk'shfin), n, A nailing to a cross. — Gru'd- 
loxm (-sl-fdrm), a. Oross-shaped. — Gni'Cl-fy 
(-fi), V. t. [Gbucifibd (-fid) ; GBncirmra.] To 
fasten and put to death on a cross. 

Ornde (krud), a. In its natural state; not 
cooked ; raw ; immature ; ill-considered ; su- 
perficial ; roughly or coarsely done. — Ornde'ly, 
adv. — Ornde'noss, Gru'dl-ty (krft'dl-tj^), n. 

Orn'el (krn'Sl), a. Disposed to give pain ; bar- 
barous ; inhuman ; pitiless. — (Sm' 01*17* odv. 

— Oni'el-ty(-ty),n. 

Orn'et (kr^'St), n. A small bottle for sauces. 
OmlM (krnz), n. A small bottle. See Grusb. 
Oruise (kr^z), V. i. [Gruissd (kr^zd) ; Gruising.] 
Toisail back and forth. — n. A sailing to and fro. 

— Omia'flr, n. One who, or a ship that, cruises. 
Onllar (krfillSr), 11. A crisp sweet cake boiled 


Ornmb (krfim), n. [Written also crum.'] A small 
fragment or piece, esp. of bread ; soft part of 
brcMtd.— v. i. To break into small pieces. — 
Onun'my (-mj^), a. Full of crumbs ; soft ; not 

Gxnm'ble (krfim'b'l), v. /. & i. To break into 
small pieces. 

Onunp'et (krfimp^t), n. A kind of bread cake 
or muffin. 

Omxn'ple (krUm^)*!), V. L & i. To form into 
folds ; to wrinkle ; to rumple. 

Omncll (krfinch), v, i, & L To chew or grind 

OrupOper (kryp'pSr in U. 8. ; krfip'pSr in Eng.\ n. 
The rump of a horse ; a strap passing under a 
horse's tail, and holding the saddle from slipping 
forward. — v. t. To put a crupper on. 

Onlal (kru'ral), a. Belonging to the leg. 

Orn-SadS' (kr\i-sadO, n. A military expedition 
to recover the Holy Land from Mohammedans ; 
any hot-headed or fanatical enterprise. — Orn- 
sad'er (-sSd'Sr), n. 

Ornse (krns), n. A small cup or bottle. 

Orn'Mt (krn'sSt), n. A goldsmith's crucible or 
melting pot. 

Gnisll (krOsh), v, U [Grushsd (krlisht) ; Grush- 
ZNa.] To bruise and break by pressure; to 
overwhelm ; to subdue ; to ruin. — v. i. To be 
condensed or reduced in compass. — n. A col- 
lision ; compression ; a crowd. — OniSll'er, n. 

Omst (krfist), n. The hard, external coat or cov- 
ering of anything. ^ v. t. To cover with a hard 
case ; to incnist ; to envelop, ^v. i. To gather 
or contract into a hard crust. — Orut^ C-f)t o> 

Like crust ; bard ; harsh ; surly ; monm, ^ 
Ornst'l-ly (-T-iy), a<ft;. — Gmstl-ness, n, 

llOrns-ta'ce-a (krtis-ta'shM), n. pi. Articulated 
animals, including lobsters, ahnmps, and crabs, 
having jointed, crustlike shells. — OnUkta'oean 
(-ta'shan), n. An animal of this class. — Onift- 
ta'COOns (-shlis), a. Pertaining to, or having, 
a crustlike shell ; belonging to the Grustaoea. 

Gnufy, etc. See under Grust, n, 

Grutoll (kr&ch), n. A staff with a croospiece at 
the head, to support the lame or infirm in walk- 
ing. ^ V. t. To support. 

Cry (kri)» V. t. & i. [Griko (krid) ; Gbtivg.] To 
call ; to exclaim ; to weep. — n. Loud utter- 
ance ; weeping ; clamor ; a pack of hounds. 

Crypt (krTpt), n. A c6ll or vault under a church ; 
a hiding place. — OryptO-grAIIL(krTp'to-grSm), 
OiyptO-grapll (-grSf ), n. A cipher; something 
written in cipher, or secret characters. — Oxyp- 
toglra-pliy (-tSg^ri-fy), n. Act or art of writing 
in secret characters or cipher. — Giyp-tOl'O-gy 
(-tSl'ft-j)^), n. Secret or enigmatical language. 

Cxystld (krts'Ufl), ». A regular solid mineral 
body ; fine glass ; glass covering a watch face, 
—a. Gonsisting of, or like, crystal; clear; 
transparent ; lucid ; crystalline. — Gzys'tal-llna 
(-tol-lin or -ITn), a. Gonsistii^f of ci^stals ; hav- 
ing a texture produced by crystallization ; im- 
perfectly crystallized ; clear ; transparent ; 
pellucid. — OryB'tal-llze (-liz), v. t. & i. To 
form hato crystals. — Grys'tal-li-U'tiOB (-11- 
za'shOn), n. Act or process of crystallizing; 
body formed by the process of crystallizing. — 
ChTB'tal-log'n-pliy (-15g'r4-Q^), n. Science of, 
or treatise on, crystallization. 

Onb (k&b), n. A young animal, esp. the young 
of the liear. 

Oube (kub), n. A regular solid body, with six 
equal square sides ; product of a 
nunfber multiplied twice into it- 
self ; as, 4 X I = 16, and 16 X 4 
= 64, the cube of 4. ^ v. t. 
[GuBBD (kubd); Gubing.] To 
raise to the third power. — On'- 
ba-tnre (ku^bft-tfir), n. The de- 
termining the solid or cubic con- 
tents of a body. — OnOiio (ku^bTk), On1iio-al 
(-bT-kal), a. Having the form or properties of 
a cube. 

GulMb (ku'bfib), n. The spicy berry of a kind 
of pepper. 

Onlllt (ku'bTt), n. The forearm ; monsure from 
elbow to extremity of middle finger, or about 
20 inches. — GnHlit-al (-bTt-al), a. Pertaining 
to, or of the length of, a cubit. 

Gnck'old (knk'&ld), n. A man whose wife is 
false to him. —v. t. To make a cuckold of. 

Onck'OO (kd6k'oo), n. A bird ; — so named from 
its note. 

On'oid-late (ku'kttll&t or kfi-k{lK-)i Gn'oid-la'ted 
(-IS^tSd or -l&-tSd), a. Hooded ; like a hood. 

On'cum-lMr (ku'kiim-ber), n. A creeping plant 
and its fruit. 

Gn-onxODlt (kfi-kOr'bTt), n. A chemical vessel, 
originally gourd-shaped. 

Ond (kfid), n. A portion of food brought up into 
the mouth by ruminating animals, and chewed 
a second time ; piece of chewing tobacco ; quid. 

Ond'dle (k&d'd'l), V. i. To lie close or snug ; 
to crouch ; to snuggle. 

Oud'dy (ktid'dy), n. A small cabin in a boat. 


fOrOf veoent, 6rb, nfde, f^ €lm, food, fdbt, out, oil» diair, gO| sinip, ink, than, tliilL 
B. B. Dict.-lk 




Ovdg'*! (k&jOO), n. A ahort thick stick ; a dab. 
— 17. /. To beat with a cudgel. 

Chw (ku), n. An end ; a tail ; a hint ; an intima- 
tion ; a wooden rod lued to impel a ball in play- 
ing bUUardB. 

Onn (kfif ), n. A blow with the open hand ; a box ; 
aboffet.— v.<. [Cuttbd (klif t) ; Gmmiro.] To 

Ovff (kfif), n. A fold at the end of a sleeve. 

Ovl-nUM' (kwt-r&s' or kwS'rSs), n. A breast- 
plate. — Ovl'ras-Sier' (kwS^rAs-aSr'), n. A sol- 
dier armed with a cuirass. 

Olllall (kwTs), n. Defensive armor for the 

nCWiine' (kwpM.ti/)j n. The kitchen ; style of 
cooking; cookery. 

nOvl'-de-sao' (ky/de-stt' or lafX^de-tSk'), n. A 
street closed at one end ; a trap. 

Onli-na-ry (kuaT-na-rj^), a. Belathig to the 
kitchen or to cookery. 

Ovll (kfil), V. t. [CiTLUiD (kmd) ; Cullihg.] To 
separate, select, or pick out. — Ollll'er, n. — 
OnllS (kiUz), n. pi. Refuse stuff. 

OnlOsn-der (kfiKfen-dSr), n. A strainer. See 


Onlly (kliiay), n. A mean dupe.— v. t. To 
tricK, cheat, or deceive. 

Onlm (kttlm^, n. Stem of com and grasses. 

Onlm (kfilm), n. Anthracite coal ; glance coal ; 
coal dust. 

Onllnl-nate (kfil'mT-nSt), v. t. To reach the 
highest point. — a. Growing upward, as dis- 
tinguished from lateral growth. — Onl'ml-lia'- 
tloil (-na^shfin), n. Highest point of altitude. 

Ovl^-Ue (kfil'p&-b*l), a. Deserving censure; 
faulty ; blamewortl^ ; censurable. — Olll'pa- 
bU'l-ty (-bTl'I-tj^), Gia^a-Ue-]iM8,».— Onl'- 
pa-bly, adv. 

Cvl'VliX (kfil'prTt), n. One accused or convicted 
of crime ; a criminal. 

Oiam-yate (kfil'tT-vSt), t;. /. To till ; to foster; 
to cherish ; to civilize ; to produce l^ tillage. — 
Onl'ti-Ta-ble (-v&-b*l), a. Capable of being cul- 
tivated. — Onl^ti-Ya'tton (-va'shiin), n. Art or 
practice of cultivating ; care ; civilization ; re- 
finement; culture.— Ollltl-va'tor (-va/t8r),n. 
One who tills or cultivates ; an implement for 
loosening the surface of the ground. 

Ovl'tllre (kfil'tfir), n. Act of cultivating ; culti- 
vation; physicflJ improvement; refinement of 
mind or manners, —v. /. To cultivate ; to edu- 

Onl'ver-ln (kfil'vSr-Tn), n. Along, slender piece 
of ordnance. 

Onl'TUrt (kfil'vSrt), n. An arched dram ; a small 

Gnm'Mr (kfim'bSr), v. t. [Cumbered (-bSrd); 
CnxBEBino.] To clog ; to burden ; to embarrass ; 
to trouble ; to impede. — GnmlMar-SOme (-sfim), 
a. Burdensome. — Onm ' Iffance ( - brans ), n. 
An encumbrance; a hindrance. — GnmliroiUI 
(-briis), a. Burdensome ; vexatious ; embarrass- 

Gnm'in (kfim^n), n. A dwarf plant, bearing aro- 
matic seeds. 

Onlmi-late (ku'm6-lat), v. t. To heap together ; 
to amass.— Gv ' mn - la ' tion (-la'shfin), n. A 
heaping toffether ; a heap. — On ' mn - la • tiT6 
fku'mQ-lS-tTv), a. Forming a mass; giving 
force by successive additions. 

Onlio-al (ku'n^i), Gnfne-ate (ku'u^tt), Gn'no- 

an arched roof. 

ft'ted (-i'tBd), Oll']M4ino (-StOk), a. Wedge* 

On-no'l-foxm (ktt-nSt-fdrm), Gn'ni-foxm (ku'nT- 
f drm), a. Cuneate ; pertaining to, or versed in, 
the wedge-shaped characters in ancient Persian 
and Assyrian inscriptions. 

Onn^Ung (kfin'ntng), a. Artful; sly; wily; 
crafty; skillfully wrought; ingenious; curi- 
ous. — n. The use of stratagem to accomplish 
a purpose; deceit; art; craft. — Gim'lllllg-lyf 
adv. — Gnn'&iiig-ness, n. 

Onp (kfip), n. A small vessel used to drink from ; 
a cupfid; pi. excessive drinking; revelry; a 

glass for cupping. ^ v. t. [Cupped (kilpt) ; 
'uFPmo.l To bleed by scarification. — Cinp'- 
liear'er (-b&ySr), n. One who fills or hands cups 
at a feast. — GnpHwaid (kfiybSrd), n. A closet 
for cups, plates, etc. — Gnp'plllg, n. A mode 
of bleedinff. 

On'^ (ku'pSl), n. A small cup used in refining 
metals. — V. L To refine. — Gn'pel-la'tton 
(-p81-lS'shfin), n. Process of refining in a cupeL 

Gn-pldl-ty (kQ-pTd^-t]^), n. Eager desire, esp. 
for wealth ; covetousness ; lust. 

On'po-la (ku'pi-l&), ». A dome 

Gnp'plng, n. See under Gitp. 

Oi^pe-ons (ku'prt-fis), a. 
Consisting of or resembling 
copper; coppery. 

Gn-pnf'er-ons (kn-prtf 'Sr-fis), 

a. Containing copper. 

Gnr (kfir), n. A degenerate 
dog ; worthless, snarling fel- 
low. — Gnr'rlBll, a. Quarrel- 
some; churlish; morose. 

Gnr'a-ble (kur^i-bU), a. Car] 
pable of being cured. — J 
Gnr'a-blo-nMS, n. 

Gn'ra-ooa' (ksyri-sy), ». A 

cordial, fiavored with orange peel and spices. 

Gnlrate (ku'rat), n. An assistant to a rector or 
vicar. — Gn'ra-cy (-r&-8j^), n. Office of a curate. 

Gnr'a-ttve (kur'&-ti v), a. Tending to cure dis- 

Gn-ra'tor (kfi-rS'tSr), n. A superintendent; a 
trustee ; a guardian. 

Gnrt (kfirb), v, t. [Curbed (kQrbd) ; CuRBiire.] 
To bend to one's will ; to restrain ; to confine ; 
to control ; to check. — n. Check ; hindrance ; 

Sort of a bridle; retaining wall or stone. — 
InrVstone' (-ston^, n. A stone placed ed^ 
wise against earth or stone work to prevent its 
giving way. 

Gnrd (kfird), n. The coagulated part of milk or 
of any liquid, —v. /. To curdle ; to congeal. — 
^ v. «. To become thickened ; to separate into 
curds and whey. — Gnrd'y (-j^), a. Iiike or full 
of curd ; thickened. 

Gnr'dle ^kOr'd'l), v.i.&t. To thicken. 

Gnre (kur), n. Spiritual charge; care of souls; 
mediciU care; treatment of disease; restora- 
tion to health; remedy; restorative. —v. /. 
[Cured (kurd) ; Curing.] To heal ; to restore 
to health, soundness, or sanity ; to remedy ; to 
preserve by drying, salting, etc. — v. i. To be 
healed. — Cnxe'less, a. Incurable. — Gni/er, n. 

Gnif ew (kHr'fu), n. An evening bell. 

Gn'rl-0 (ku'rT-*), n. ; pi. Curios (-oz). A curiosity 
or article of virtu. — ||Gn^rl-0'80 {kSb'TtZ'zt or 
ku ^ rT - ' si), n. A collection of curiosities ; a 


itS,!, 6, 0, long ; A, «, I, tt, O, t« >l>ort ; imAte, dven^ tdea, 6bey, Anite, cAre, firm, Ask, ||I1, i^^ 

ClV-OU (ku'rT'CB), • 
Artfully coiiattuot«d 
singular. — On'il-o 
nni, n. ^ Oii'il-oi^- 

Ooil Ikflil), V. I. 

Cuvfvl i KTUpulOL 

. It, adv. — On'ri^oW 

i-iY (■»»^:t^j, ». BUM ' 

[Gu£LiD(kdrld); Cm 

ringlet — Onrl'T t-j; 

isg to curl. — Oniil-: , .. 

Onr'uw (kQr'lu), n- A long-biUad wAdlng bird- 

aarsral'IMiB (kBr- 
Onrnut (klir' 

(kOCvt-nr), n. At* 
or degree of bunding 
OmTrt (Mi'viC or k 

T^p''iid frisk. 
Onrrt-lln'nl (ktlr'vl 

l-tr), I. Coasistiug I 
OnCri-ty (kOr'vr-tj), . 
Oiuli'at (kdtab'U}, n. 

Onulsn (kSiab'Bn), » 
s|rillow.— v.f. To] 
Oup (kOep), n, A pr 

OoM'yl-iai (kGs'pI-dSr), n. A sp 
Gni'tiid (kOa'tSTd), n. A dish 

; or bounded by ourreL 
The ringdore oi wood 

>1 (-arU-al), a. Reuling to custodj. — Ou- 
to'dl'UI (-db)) n. A keeper ; ft supemteudeiit. 
lutOU (kWtOin), n. WbjoI iwUngj Imblbul 

rKlioa ; bu^nea mpport ; p^HBiaga ; unge ; 

op-rjgved, flwIft-BoilinR Teuel ; ft one-boiw 
ta. — Onttllic, a, Seiere; pungent.— n. 

in™ul' lhmuiih.^''(M'^'' mvM'i " 
le is pkrtly mkde; ft device for chugiiit 

fSm, taeent, Aib, r^e, lyll, ftm, fdi>d, titttt, wot, oil. ehili, co, > 




or rtopping a current of grain, water, etc., in a 
Ch^ta']ll»-01IS (kt-tS^nft-fis), a. Belonging to the 

Onto (kut), a. CleTer ; keen ; sharp. ICdloq.'] 
Ontl-Ole (kutT-k*l), n. The outer skin ; epider- 
mis ; external covering of the bark of a plant. 

— Ov-tlO^-lar (kti-tlk'd-l&r), a. Pertaining 
to the cuticle. 

OutlMS (kliflas), n. A broad, cnrvii^ sword. 
Ontlai (kliflSr), n. One who deals in cutlery. 

— Outlai-y (-ISr-j^), n. The business of a cut- 
ler ; cutting instruments in generaL 

Outlet (kfiflfit), n. A piece of meat for broiling. 

Ont'tliroat' (kWtbrW), n. One who cute 
throats ; a murderer ; an Bssassin, — a. Mur- 
derous; barbarous. 

Outtlllg (kttt^ttng), n. See under Gut, v. 

Ontnie (kiit'tn), Outmo-flBli' (-fYsho, ». a 

molluscous animiU, having ten arms, by which 
it attaches itself to other bodies. 

Onf Wft'tor (kiit^wfi'ter), n. The fore part of a 
ship*s prow ; the angle of the pier of a bridge 
directed up stream. 

Oy'OlO (m'k'l), n. A circle or orbit; time in 
which a succession of events is completed, and 
then returns in the same order ; a bicycle, tri- 
cycle, or other velocipede. —v. i. To pass 
through a cycle of changes ; to recur in cycles ; 
to ri^ a bicycle, etc. — Oj'Oler (sildSr), Oy'- 
oUft (-klTst), n. One who rides a cycle. — Otg'- 
llo (slkOIk or n'klTk), OyGOlo-U (sTklT-kal), 
a. Pertaining to a cycle ; moving in cycles. 

Oy'olold (nldoidyf n. A geometrical curve gen- 
erated by a pomt in a circle rolled along a 
straight line. — Gy-Olold'al (-kloid'al), a. Per- 
taining to a cycloid. 

Oy'olond (u'klSn), n. A rotatoxy storm or whirl- 

Oyolo-pe'an (n'Ud-pS'aa), a. Pertaining to tha 
Cyclops; huge; vast; massive. 

07'olo-pe'ai-a(si'ki«-pi'dl-&), OTolo-pa'dl.a, n. 
The circle or compass of art and science ; a dic- 
tionary of arts and sciences, or of some one of 
them ; an encyclopedia. — Gy^OlO-pedlc (-pSd'- 
Ik or -pS^dtk), a. Belonging to a cyclopMlia'; 
encyclopedic ; extended ; comprehensive. 

Oy^lUlt (sTg'nfit), n. A young swan. 

OyPln-der (sll^n-dSr), n. A long circular body 
of uniform diameter. — Oy-lin'dxlo 
(sT-lTn^drTk), Oy-Un'drlO-al (-drl- 
kal^, a. Ox the form or nature of a 

OyrnHMl (sim'bal), n. A musical in- 
strument, consisting of metallic 
plates, which are clashed t<M;ether. 

Oyne Oum), n. a flat-topped or con- 
vex flower cluster. _.. , 

Oyn'lo (slums), Oyn1c-«l (-T-kol), a. cylinder. 
Havii^ the qualities of a surly dog ; snarling ; 
captious ; surly ; austere. — Oyn'io, n. A mo- 
rose person ; a snarler ; a misanthrope. — Oyxi'- 
l-OlBM (-sTz'm), n. The conduct of a cynic. 

Oyn'O-snre (si'uS-sbnr or stn't-shnr), n. The 
constellation of the Lesser Bear, containing the 
polar star, which serves as a guide to naviga- 
tors ; a center of attraction. 

Oy'prOBS (Bi'prSs), n. A coniferous tree, anciently 
used at funerals, and an emblem of mourning. 

Oyst '(sTst), n. A pouch or sac, in an animal 
body, and contaiuhig morbid matter. — Gysf lo 
(sTs'tTk), a. Having the form of, living in, 
containing, or contained in, a cyst. 

Ozar (z&r), n. A king ; a chief ; a title of the em- 
peror of Russia. [Written also tzar.l — Gza- 
lifjiB, (z&-re'n&), n. The empress of Russia. — 
0»r'o-wltz(zSr'&-wTts or tsitr'i-v^h), n. The 
eldest son of the czar of Russia. 


Sab (dSb), 9. /. [Dabbkd (cObd) ; Dabbdto.] To 
strike gently, as with the hand or something 
soft or moist. ^ n. A light blow with the hand 
or a soft substance ; a small mass of something 
soft or moist. — DabHber, n. 

Dab (dSb), n. A dabster ; an expert. 

Dab (dU)), n. A saltwater fish of the flounder 

Dab'ble (dSb'b*!), v. t. To wet ; to spatter ; to 
sprinkle. ^ v. i. To play in water ; to work 
slightly or superficially ; to tamper ; to meddle. 
— DabHiler, n. 

DaVster (dSb'stSr), n. One sMUed ; an adept. 

Dace (das), n. A small river fish. 


llDachBllimd' (d&ks^unt^), n. A small dog, with 
short crooked legs and long body ; a badger dog. 

D&styl (dSktTl), n. A poetical foot of one long 
and two short syllables, or one accented and two 
unaccented syllables. 

D&S'tyl-ol'o-gy (dSk/tTl-51'«-jj^), n. A method of 

fit S, 1, 5, a, long ; &, £, 1, 5, tt, f, short ; senAte, dvent, tdea, Obey, finite, c&re, ilrm. Ask, 9II, fiiud, 





talking by motions of the hand and fingers; 

Dad (dfid), Dad'dy (dSd'dj^), n. Father; —a 
child's word. — Dad'dy longlOgB' (ISng'lSgzO' 
An insect having a small body, and very long, 
slender legs ; the crane fly. 

Da'dO (da'dd or da^dd), n. ; pi. Dadobs C-dtz). 
The square part in the pedestal of a column ; 
the base of a wall decorated with moldings. 

Daff 0-dll (dSf'fi-dTl), n. A bulbous plant, bear- 
ing flowers, usually yellow ; narcissus. 

Daft (d&ft), a. Delirious ; insane ; foolish ; stu* 
pid ; idiotic. 

Dag (dSgJ, n, A dagger ; a kind of pistol. 

Dag (dl^), n. A loose end ; a lock of wool. 

Dag'gor (dSg'gSr), n. A short sword ; in print- 
ing, a reference mark [t] ; — called also obelisk. 

Dag'ffle (dSg'g'l), V. i. &i. To trail in dirt ; 
to draggle ; to soil. 

Da'gO (da'gd), n. Southwestern American nick- 
name for one of Spanish or Portuguese descent. 

Da-gnexro'O-type ( di-ggr^ft-tip ), n. A kind of 
photograph, on silvered copper.^ v. i. To take 
such a picture of. 

Dahlia (diil'y& or dSl'y&), n. A Mexican flower- 
ing plant. 

Dal^y (da'Ij^), a. Happening or belonging to 
each successive day ; diurnal. — n. A publica- 
tion which appears every day.^oJv. Every 
d&v * dftv bv QAV 

Dal'mi-O (di'mT-8), n. The title of a Japanese 
feudal nobleman. 

Dainty (dan'tj^), a. Delicious to the taste ; ele- 
gant ; nice ; ovemice j fastidious ; squeamish. — 
n. ; pi. Daintiks (-tiz ). Anything delicious ; a 
delicacy. —Dain^-ly, adv. — Dain^-noss, n. 

Daifry (dS'rj^), n. A place for keeping milk and 
making it into butter or 
cheese ; the business of 
making butter and cheese. 

Da'la ((wYs), n. A raised 
floor in a dining hall ; an 
upper table ; a seat with a 
high back, and sometimes 
a canopy. 

Dai'ay (da'zy), n. A low, 
flowering herb. 


Dale (dSl), n. A low place between hills; vde; 

Dally (dUiy), V. i. [Dallho (-ITd) ; DAixTura.] 
To linger ; to delay ; to interchange caresses ; 
to fondle. — Dal1i-er, n. — Dal1i-ano6 (-1T- 
ans), n. Act of dallying ; an embrace ; wanton- 

Dam (dSm), n. A female parent ; — used of beasts. 

Dam (dSm;, n, A mole or frame to obstruct the 
flow of water, ^v. t. [Daxmbd (dSmd) ; Dam- 
MiiTO.] To restrain the flow of (watw, etc.) by 
a dam ; to shut up ; to confine. 

Dam'age (dXm'&j), n. Injury or harm; hurt; 
loss ; pi. compensati(m for a wrong or injury 
done to another, —v. t. To hurt ; to injure ; to 
impair. — Da]n'a|;o-a-ble) a. Capable of being 
damaged or impaired. 

Dam'aa-OeiLe (dSm'as-sSn), a. Of or pertaining 
to Damascus. ^i». A kind of plum ; — usually 
called damson. 

Dani'aak (dSm'ask), a. Pertaining to, or origi- 
nating at, the city of Damascus ; having the pink 
color of the damask rose. — n. A woven fabric 
(silk, linen, or woolen), having a pattern, but 
micolored ; the steel made in ancient Damascus, 
also its peculiar marking. — r. U To decorate 
(linen, silk, isteel, etc.) with ingrained figures. 

Dame (dam), n, A mistress of a family ; a ma- 
tron ; a lady ; a mistress of a schoid. 

Damn (dSm), v. t. [DAmraD (dSmd or dXmliSd)*; 
Damning (dSmtng or dSm'nTng).] To con- 
demn ; to adjudge to punishment or death ; to 
condemn to eternal punishment ; to censure. — 
Damned (dSmd ; m serknu discourse dlkcafuM)^ 
a. Hateful; detestable; sentenced to future 
punishment— Dam'^-ble (-n&-b'l), a. Wor- 
thy of, or liable to, damnation ; odious ; detest- 
able. — Dam'na-Uy (-blj^), a<fi;.— Dam'na-tion 
(•nS'shlin), n. Condemnation to everlasting 
punishment in the future state. — Dam'na-tO-zy 
(-n&-tt-ij^), a. Condenwatory. 

Damp (dSmp), a. Moderately wet ; moist ; humid. 
— n. Moisture ; humidity ; depression ; discour- 
agement. —V. /. [Damped (dSmt) ; Damping.] 
To moisten ; to render chilly ; to depress ; to de- 
ject ; to discourage. — Damp'en (damp^n^, v. /. 
& i. To make or become damp or moist. •— 
DamiKer (dSm'pSr), n. That which damps or 
checks, as a valve to regulate the draught of air 
or check action in a machine. — Damp'neBS, n. 

Dam'sel (d&n'zSl), n. A young, unmarried wo- 

Dam'aon (dSm'z'n), n. A small black plum. 

Dance (d&ns), v. i. [Danced (d&nst) ; Dancing 
(d&n'sTng). J To move with measured steps, or 
to musi(»l accompaniment ; to caper ; to frisk. 
«« V. t. To cause to dance ; to dandle. — n. A 
moving to the sound of music ; a tune by which 
dancing is rMulated. — Dan'oer (d&n's8r), n. 

Dan'de-U'on (dSu'dS-li^an ), n. A plant, with 
yellow compound flowers. 

Dan'der (dSn'dSr), n. Dandruff or scurf ; anger ; 

Dan'dle (dXn'dl), v. t. To toss (a child) on the 
knee ; Jto fondle ; to pet. — Dan'dler, n. 

Dan'drilff (dSn'drlif ), n. Sctarf on the head. 

Dan'dy (dSn'dj^), n. A fop ; a coxcomb. ^^Dan^- 
dy-ism (-Tz'm), n. Foppishness ; coxcombry. 

Dan'ger (dSn'jSr), n. Peril ; hazard ; risk ; jeop- 
ardy. — Dan'ger-ons (-&&), a. Attended with 
danger ; perilous ; unsaife ; causing danger ; 

fSni, recent, 6rb, r^de, f^, Hm, fcMftd, fdbt, out, oilf oliair, go, iins, ink, tl&eiit iUlk 




threatening death. — Dan'ger-OUS-ly (dau'jSr- 
(U-lj^), adv. -^"Danfgvx-oui-ixttBBt »• 
Dan'glO (dftn'g'l), V. t. To hang loosely, or with 
a waving or jerking motion. <— v. t. To swing. 

— Dan'glir (-glSr), n. One who hangs about 
or follows others, especially women. 

Dank (dSnk), a. Damp ; moist ; humid ; wet. — 
DaufLULf a. Somewhat damp. 

llDan^MUW (dto'sSc'), 91. A professional female 

Dapli'&a (dSf^nt), n. The laurel, a diminutive 
shrub, with franrant flowers. 

Dap')^ (dSp'pSr), a. Little and active ; nimble ; 
hvely; spruce; smart. 

Dapple (dSp'p'l), n. One of the spots on a dapple 
ukimaL » a. Marked with spots of different 
shades of color; variegated; mottled. — v. t. 
To variegate with spots. 

Dare (dftr), v. i. [imp. Bubst (dfirst) or Daked 
(dfird) ; p. p, Dabkd ; Dasino.] To have cour- 
age ; to venture. — v. t. To challenge ; to defy ; 
to provoke ; to brave. 

Dark (dttrk), a. Wanting light ; obscure ; opaque ; 
hidden ; wicked. —> n. Abeence of light ; ob- 
scurity ; ignorance ; secrecy. — Darkly, adv. 
— Dark'&esB, n. — Daxk'an (dark^'n), v. t. & i. 
To make or become dark. — Darklsk, a. Some- 
what dark ; dusky. — Daikllng. a. In the dark ; 
without light. — - Dazk'somo (-sOm), a. Gloomy ; 
obscure. —Daxk^ (-y), n. A negro. 

DarllnjB^ (dilrlYng), n. One dearly beloved ; a 
favorite. — a. Dearly beloved. 

Dam (dSm), V. t. [Dabnsd (darnd) ; Darniko.] 
To mend (a rent or hole) by imitating the tex- 
ture of the cloth with thread and a needle. — 
n. A place mended by darning. 

Daryal (dSr'nfil), n. A grass, including rye grass. 

Dart (dart), n. A pointed missile weapon ; a 
fish, the dace. ^ v. t. To throw ; to shoot ; to 
emit ; to hurl. '—v. i. To fly, as a dart ; to issue 
suddenly ; to shoot rapidly. 

Daak (duh), V. t. [Dashed (dXsht) ; Dashing.] 
To throw violently. — v. i. To rush violently ; 
to collide. ^ n. A collision ; crash ; ruin ; a sud- 
den onset ; flourish ; parade ; a printer's mark 
[--Ot indicating a break or stop in a sentence. 

Daa'fard (dSs'terd), n. One who meanly shrinks 
from danger ; a poltroon. — a. Cowardly. — 
Daatard-ly, a. Meanly timid; sneaking. 

llData (da'ta), n. p/. Propositions given or ad- 
mitted ; premises. 

Date (dat), n. Time of an event ; epoch. ^ v. t. 
To fix tne time of. '—v. i. To have beginning. 

— Date'loaa, a. Having no date. 

Date (dat), n. The fruit of the date palm ; also, 
the tree itself .—- Date palm, Date tree. A 
tropical tree, bearing dates. 

Dative (dS'tTv), a. Relating to the dative case. 
^ ». A case of Greek uid Latin nouns which 
expresses the remoter object, indicated in Eng- 
lish by to or for with the objective. 

Daub (df^b), v. t. & i. [Daubed (df^bd) ; Daub- 
INO.] To paint coarsely ; to smear ; to dis- 
guise; to conceal, ^n. A sticky application ; 
a smear ; a coarse painting. — DanVer, n. — 
DanVer-y (-Sr-^), n. A daubing ; anything art- 
ful ; an imposition. 

Danghter (d^'tSr), n. A female child or de- 
scendant. — Dangk'ter-ln-law' (-Tn-lft/), n. 
The wife of one's son. — Dangkter-ly, a. Be- 
coming a daughter ; filial. 


Dannt (dSnt), v. t. To repress or subdue the ooor- 
age of ; to dismay ; to intimidate. — Danufleas, 
a. Bold; fearless; intrepid. — Danut'lesa-ly, 
adv. — Davnt'lesa-neaa, n. 

Dan'pllill (df/fTn), n. The eldest son of the king 
of France. — Dau'pliln-eaa ( - fTn . Ss ), Dan^ 
plllne (dn'fen), n. The wife of the dauphin. 

Dav'en-port (dSv'Sn-pSrt), n. A writing table. 

Dav'it (d«vat or da'vit), n. 
projecting from a ship's 
side, for hoisting a boat, 
anchor, etc. 

Daw (dft), n. A European 
bird of the Crow family; a 

Daw'dle (dft'dn), V. i, & t. 
To waste time in trifling 
employment; to trifle. — 
Daw'oler (-dlSr), n. 

Dawn (dftn), v. i. [Dawned 
(df^nd); Dawning.] To be- 
ghi to grow light in the ^^^^ 

morning; to begin to open 
and give promise. <— n. The break of day ; first 
opening or expansion ; beginning ; rise. 

Day (da), n. The time from sunrise to sunset ; the 
period of the earth's revolution on its axis, — 
divided into 24 hours ; a specified time or period ; 
day of battle ; a successful contest ; a victory. — 
DayHMOk' (-bd6k^), n. A book recording the 
accounts of the day. — DayHbreak^ (-brak'), n. 
The first appearance of light in the mommg ; 
dawn. — DayOlgkr (-lif), n. The light of 
day, or of the sun. — Daya'laan (daz'man), n. 
Aii umpire ; an arbiter ; a mediator. — Day'- 
spring' (da'sprTng^), n. Beginning of the day ; 
dawn. — Day'Star^ ( - st&r' ), n. The morning 
star. — Day'time' (-tlm^, n. The time between 
sunrise and sunsetthig. 

Daze (daz), V. t. [Dazed (dazd) ; Dazing.] To 
overpower with light ; to dazzle ; to bewilder. 

Daz'Zle (dfiz'z'l), v. t. To overpower with light ; 
to surprise with brilliancy, or display. — v. i. 
To be overpoweringly or intensely bright^ 

Dea'GOn (de'k'n), n. A subordinate church offl- 
cer. — Dea'CCn-eSB (de^k'n-Ss), n. A female 
deacon ; a woman who assists in church work. 
_Dea'con-ry (-rj^)^ Dea'con-aklp, n. The 
office or ministry of a deacon or deaconess. 

Dead (dSd), a. Destitute of life; inanimate; 
dull ; stili ; inactive ; soundless ; unproductive ; 
cheerless ; monotonous ; sure as death ; unerr- 
ing ; complete ; deadly ; not imparting motion 
or power. — adv. To the last degree; com- 
pletely ; wholly ; exactly. — n. A period of pro- 
found quiet or gloom ; pi. those who are dead ; 
the departed.— Dead' Deaf (bef). A worth- 
less idler ; one who sponges on his friends. — 
Dead'kead' (-hSdO, n. A receiver of free ad- 
mission to theaters, public conveyances, etc. — 
Deadly irV})t a. Causing death; mortal; 
fatal ; implacable, —•adv. So as to resemble or 
occasion death ; destructively ; mortally. — 
Dead'&eaa, n. The state of being dead ; dullness ; 
inertness ; coldness ; indifference. — Dead ' en 
(dSd^'n), V. i. [Deadened (-'nd) ; Deadening.] 
To make dead, lifeless, or spiritless ; to blunt ; 
to retard ; to obscure. 

Deal (dSf or def), a. Wanting the sense of hear- 
ing ; unwilling to hear ; not to be persuaded. — 
Deal'nesa, n. — Deaf'en (dSf'n or def 'n), v. t. 

K,6,I, o, O, long ; ft, 6,1, 6, a, j^, short ; lenAto, ^vent, tdea, ttbey, ftnite, cftm, i&nn, ftsk, nil, flnalf 




[Dbarmbd (-'nd) ; Dbavshing.] To make deaf ; 
to stun ; to reader (a floor, partition, etc.) im- 
pervious to sound, by lining it with mortar, etc. 
— Deaf'tn-lng, a. Distressingly loud. ^n. The 
process of rendering (a wall, floor, etc.) imper- 
vious to sound ; the material used to flll spaces 
for this puxpoae. — Deal '-mute' (-mutO» n. 
One who is deaf and dumb. 
Deal (del), 91. Fart ; portion ; share ; indeflnite 
quantity, degree, or extent; division or distri- 
bution of caMs, or portion distributed to each 
player ; division of a piece of timber by sawing ; 
board ; plank ; wood of pine or flr trees. <—' v. t. 

SDkalt (dSlt); Dbalino.J To distribute; to 
Ivide ; to bestow. ^ v. «'. To make distribu- 
tion ; to traffic ; to trade. — DoAl'er, n. — DmI'- 
Inc , n. The act of one who deals ; distribution 
(beards, etc.); method of business; traffic; 
intercourse ; transaction. 

Dean (dSn), 91. An ecclesiastical dignitary, sub- 
ordinate to a bishop ; an officer or secretary of 
a college faculty. — Dean'or-y (-Sr-^), n. The 
office, revenue, residence, or jurisdiction, of a 
dean. — Dean'sUp, n. The office of a dean. 

Dear (der), a. Beloved ; costly ; precious. ^ adv. 
Dearly; at a high rate.— n. A dear one ; a dar- 
ling. —Dearly, adv. — Dear'nesB, n. 

Dear'bom (dSr4)Sm), n. A light four-wheeled 
carriaffe, with curtained sides. 

Deartb (derth), n. Scarcity which renders dear ; 
want ; need ; poverty. 

Death (dSth), 91. Extinction of life; decease; 
manner of d^ng. — DeatllleBS, a. Undying; 
immortal. — Deathly, a. Resembling death or 
a dead body; deadly; fatal. — Deathlied', n. 
The bed of a dying person ; the last sickness. 

De-lM'Gle (d#-bS^*l or dft-bii^*l), n. A bursting 
forth ; a violent rush of waters, sweepii^ all be- 
fore it ; a omif used rout. 

De-lmr' (d^UlrO« v. t. [Dsbabrbd ; Debaxbing.] 
To hinder : to exclude ; to deny. 

De-1»rk' (di-Uirk'), v. L & «. To land from a 
ship or boat ; to disembark ; to put ashore. — 
De'lmr-ka'tieiL (de'bilr-ka'shfin), n. Act of dis- 

De-base' (di-bSsO, v. t. [Dbbaskd (-bSsf) ; Db- 
BAsmo.] To reduce from a higher to a lower 
state; to abase; to degrade; to lower. — De- 
iMU'er, n. —De-baae^ent, n. Degradation. 

De-bate' (d^-bStO, v. t. & «. To dispute ; to dis- 
cuss ; to controvert, ^n. Contention ; dispute ; 
controversy. — De-bat'er, n. — De-bat'a-ble, a. 
liable to be debated ; controvertible. 

De-bauolL' (dS-bf^ih'), v. t. & i. [Dbbauchbd 
(•bAchf) ; Dbbauchino.] To corrupt ; to mar ; 
to pollute; to seduce. i—n. Excess; intemper- 
ance; lewdness. — De-banch'er, n. — De- 
toanched' (-bachtO, a. Dissipated; dissolute. 
-De - banoh ' er-y (-Sr-y ), n. intemperance ; 
habitual lewdness. — Deb'an-Oliee' (dSb^ft-she' 
or dt/ht'eihtf), n. One given to debauchery ; a 
libertine; a rake. 

De-belge' (de-bazh'), n. A woolen or mixed 
dress gooos. 

De-bentnre (dt-bSntfir), n. A writing acknowl- 
edging a debt; a customhouse certificate enti- 
tling an exporter of imported goods to a draw- 
back of duties ; a security for money loans. 

De-blll-ty (d^bTl'T-tj^), n. The state of being 
feeble or weak ; want of strength ; languor. — 
De-bUl-tate (di-bTIt-tat), v. t. To weaken ; to 

enfeeble ; to relax. — De-bUl-tant (-tOBt), a. 
Diminishing energy ; reducing excitement. 

DeVit (dSbTt), n. Debt ; debtor side of an ac- 
count.— v. t. [Dbbttbd; DxBimrG.] To charge 
with debt. 

DeVo-nalr' (dWt-ntiT')^ a. Courteous ; affable. 

De-bOUOll' (d^-boosh'), V. i, [Dbbouohbd 
(-booshd'); Dbbouchiko.] To issue or march 
out of a confined place, or from defiles. — IIDA'- 
bon'olmre' (dt'boo'shvir'), 91. The outward 
opening (of a valley, river, ete.). 

ilD^lnla' (da'breOt n. Ruins; rubbish; frag- 
mento from a rock piled up at the base. 

Debt (dSt), n. What is due from one person to an- 
other; obligation; liability. — Debt'OT (-Sr), 91. 

ilD^bntf (dt'b?')* »• A beginning or first at- 
tempt ; a first appearance (of an actor, public 
8p<»ker, ete.}. — llD^bn-tanr (-tiiN'), n. One 
niftiring his first appearance before the public. 
— llDA'lni-taiLte' (-tSNf), n, A woman making 
her first public appearance. 

Deo'ade (dfik'id), n. The sum or number of ten. 

De-oa'denoe (de-ka'dens), De-oa'den-oy (-den- 
sj^), n. Decay ; fall ; deterioration. 

Deo'a-gOll (d^'&-g8n), n. A plane figure of ton 
sides and ten angles. 

Deo'a-gram (dSk'&-grSm), Deo'a-granime, n. A 

weight of the metric system; 10 grams, or 
about 154.32 grains avoirdupois. 

Dec'a-he'dron (dSk'i-he'drSn), n. A solid figure 
or body having ten sides. 

Dec'a-li'ter (dSk'i-le'tSr or dt-kSinf-tSr), Dec'a- 
li'tre, n, A measure of capacity in the metric 
system ; a cubic volume of 10 liters or 610.24 
cubic inches, or 2.642 wine gallons. 

Dea'a-logne (d6k'&-15g), 91. The ten command" 

Deo'a-me'ter (dSk'^-me'tSr), Dec'a-me'tre, n. A 
measure of length in the metric system, being 
10 meters or 393.71 inches. 

De-camp' (di-kSmp'), v. i, [Dboampbd (-kSmf) ; 
Dbcampino.I To move away from a camp; to de- 
part suddenly. — De-oamplBient, 91. Departure. 

Dec'a-nal (dSk'&-naI), a. Pertaining to a dean or 

De-oaa'axmu (dt-kSn'drtts), a. Having ton sta- 

De-oant' (dt-kSnf^, v. t. To pour off (liquor 
from ito sediment) ; to pour from one vessel into 
another. — De'can-tation (de^kSn-tS'sh&n), n. 
A pouring o£F a fluid from its lees, or from one' 
vessel into another. — De-cant'er (-kSnfer), n. 
A vessel for holding decuited liquors. 

De-oap'i-tate (de-kS^-tSt), v. t. To cut off the 
head of ; to behead. — De-oap'i-tatloil (-T-tS'- 
shtln), n. The act of beheading. 

Deo'a-pod (d6k'&-pSd), n. A crustacean with ten 
feet or legs, as the crab. ^a. Having ten legs. 

De-carlMm-lze (d^-kar'bQn-iz), V. t. To deprive 
of carbon. — De-oar'bon-i-zallon (-T-za'sh&n), 
f». The depriving a substance of carbon. 

De-oay' (d^-kSO* v. i, [Dbcaysd (-kSd'); Db- 
catino.] To pass from a sound state to one of 
imperfection or dissolution ; to fail ; to rot ; to 
perish. — n. Failure of health or soimdness. 

De-cease' (d^-ses'), n. Departure ; death. ^ v. i. 
[Dbcbasbd (-sest/); Dbcbasino.] To die. 

De-celt' (d^-sef), n. An attempt or disposition 
to deceive ; fraud ; imposition. — De-ceitfol 
(-set'fyl), a. Full of deceit; fraudulent. — De- 

oeitfnl-Iy, adv. — De-oeitfnl-ness, n. 

f Sm, leoant, 6rb, rude, f^^ ftca, fdbd, f <A»t, out, ciil, ohair, go, eins, iQk, then, tliin. 




De^ieiTa' (dt-sSvO, v. L [Dmbitbd (dt-«SvdO ; 
DBcnvnia.] To lead into error ; to impose upon ; 
to delude; to disappoint. — De-fMlT'er, n. — 
D»-€aiT'a-bl», a. Subject or liable to deceit. 

De-OtmOMr (d«-a8mn)8r), n. The twelfth (origi- 
nally the tenth) and last month in the year. 

D^oem'Vlr (dt-sem'vSr), n. ; pi. E. Dbgbmvibs 
(-vSn), L. DsoxMviBi (-vT-ri). One of ten mag- 
istrates, who had absolute authority in ancient 
Borne. — D»-0«lll'Vl-ral (-▼T-ral), a. Pertaining 
to decemvirs. — D»-0«lll'Vl-nte (-rtt), n. The 
office of decemvirs; a body of ten men in au- 

De'Otn-OT (dS'sen-^), n. The state or quality of 
being decent ; propriety ; fitness ; modesty. 

De-Otn'^-ry (d^sSn^n&rrj^), fi. A period of ten 
years. — D^Genfni-al (-nT-al), a. Consisting of 
ten years ; happening every ten years. 

Da^Otnt (dS'sent), a. Suitable or becoming ; re- 
spectable; fit; proper; seemly. — De'Otnt-ly, 
adv. — De'oent-nMS, 91. 

De-OQption (dt-aSp'shtln), n. The act of deceiv- 
ing or misleading ; the state of being deceived ; 
artifice ; cheat ; fraud ; imposition. — Do-C^p'- 
tiTe(-ttv),a. Tending to deceive ; misleading. 

De-Oide' (d^-udOv v, U & t*. To determine ; to 
settle ; to conclude. — Do-cld'od, a. Free from 
doubt or wavering ; determined ; positive ; un- 
deniable ; clear. — Do-cld'od-ly, adv. In a de- 
cided manner ; clearly. 

]>«-0id^-<nui (dt-sld'd-os), a. Falling off every 
season ; not perennial or permanent. 

DeCl-gram (dfisT-grSm), Doofl-gTaiiime, n. A 
weight in the metric system, one tenth of a 
gram, equal to 1.54 grains avoirdupois. 

Doofl-11-tor (dfisT-lS^tSr or d«-sTin^t8r), Decfl- 
li'tra, n. A measure of capacity in the metric 
system, one tenth of a liter, equal to 6.1 cubic 
inches, or 3.38 fluid ounces. 

I>e-«111i<ni (dt-sTl'ytln), n. According to English 
notation, the tenth power of a million, or 1 with 
60 ciphers annexed ; in French notation, the 
eleventh power of a thousand, or 1 with 33 
ciphers annexed. — Do-olllionfll (-yfinth), a. 
Pertaining to a decillion ; preceded by a decillion 
less one. — n. T)m quotient of unity divided by 
a decillion ; one of a decillion equal parts. 

Dao'i-llial (d6sT-mal), a. Pertaining to decimals ; 
numbered or proceeding by tens, '—n, A num- 
ber expressed in the scale of tens ; a decimal 
fraction. — Dooimal fractlOBB. Fractions in 
which the denominator is some power of 10, as 
A) ^t md is not expressed, but signified by a 

B>int at the left of the numerator, as, .2, .25. — 
eofl-mal-ly, adv. 

Daol-matO (des^-mat), v. t. To take the tenth 
part of ; to tithe ; to select by lot and kill every 
tenth man of ; to devastate. — Doo'l-flUi'tloll 
(-ma'shlin), n. The taking of every tenth. — 
Dool-ma'tor (-ma^tgr), n. 

Dool-me'ter, Daol-me'tre (dSs^-me'tSr or d$- 
sTm'^-ter), n. A measure in the metric system, 
being the tenth of a meter, or 3.937 inches. 

De-Ci^plisr (dS-n'fSr), V. t. [Dbciphbbbd (-fSrd) ; 
Dkoiphebino.] To translate from a cipher into 
intellifdble terms ; to explain ; to reveal. — Do- 
el^her-er, n. 

Da-ci'slOIl (dS-sTzh'tin), fi. Determination ; set- 
tlement ; conclusion ; report of a legal adjudi- 
cation ; quality of being decided. — Do-Ol'SlVO 
(d^-ei'sTv), a. Having the power or quality of 

deeidinff a question or cemtroT er sy, etc ; Unal ; 
conduuve ; positive. — De-el'BlTO-ty, adv. — 
De-ol'iiTe-iiMs, n. ~ De-ol'w>-ry (nsi-rj^), a. 
Able to decide or determine. 

D«Ok (d8k), V. t. [Dbcud (dSkt); Dbckiho.] 
To cover; to overspread; to dress; to clothe; 
to furnish (a vessel) with a deck.— in. The 
floorlike covering or division of a ship ; a pack 
or set of cards. 

Do-cUtm' (d».klamO, v. i. [Dboxjliiibd (-USmdO ; 
DaoLAxmira.] To speak rhetorically; to make 
a formal oration ; to harangue ; to taUc pom- 
pously; to rant. — De-olalm'er, n. — Deo'- 
la-matioil (dSkaA-mS'shfin), n. Act or art of 
declaiming ; set speech or harangue ; rhetorical 
display, ^th more sound than sense. — Do- 
Olazn'a-tO-ry (d^klSm'&-t&-TJ^), a. Pertaining 
to declamation ; without solid sense or argument. 

Do-Claro' (d^-klftr'), v. i. & i. [Dbclabbo 
(-kl&rdO ; DacLARore.] To make known pub- 
Udy ; to proclaim ; to affirm ; to assert. — DM)'- 
la-ra'tlon (dfikaA-rii'shiin), n. Act of declar- 
ing ; assertion ; statement. — Do - Olar ' 8 - tive 

(cft-ki«r'i-tTv), De-olar'a-to-ry (-ti-iy), o. 

Uaking declaration, explanation, or exhibition ; 
affirmative.— Do-Clar'od-Iy (•klfir'Sd-lj^), adv. 
Avowedly; explicitly. 

De-Olen'slon (d^klSn'shlin), n. Act of declining ; 
descent ; slope ; a falling off from excellence ; 
deterioration ; a courteous refusal ; an inflection 
of a word, according to grammatical forma. 

De-Olin'a-bl*, a. See under Declinx. 

Doo'll-nA'tlon (dSkaT-nl'shiSn), n. A bending 
downward ; inclination ; deterioration ; decay ; 
withdrawal ; the angular distance of any object 
from the celestial equator ; the inflection of a 
word through its various terminations. 

De-Oline' (dl-klin'^, v. i. [Dbcunxd (-klind') ; 
Dbcunino.] To bend over ; to fail ; to decay ; 
to deviate ; to refuse. <—' v. t. To bend down- 
ward ; to riiun ; to refuse ; to inflect. ^ n. A 
falling off ; a tendency to a worse state ; diminu- 
tion ; decay ; consumption. — Dd-Olbl'a-blO, a. 

Do-Gliv1-ty (di-klTvT-tj^), n. Inclination down- 
ward ; slope. — De-cli'vona (-kli'viis), De-oliv'- 
l-tona (-klTvT-tiis), a. Gradually descending. 

Da-coot' (d^-k5kf ), V. t. To prepare by boiling ; 
to digest. — De-COO'tlon (-kSk'shttn), 91. A boil- 
ing ; a preparation made by boiling. 

De-00l1ata Cd^-kSinSt), v. t. To behead ; to de- 
capitate. — Do'col-la'tloil (dS'kSl-la'shiSn), 91. 

llDo'GOlle-te' (da^kSHe-taOf a. Leaving the neck 
and shoulders bare ; low-necked, as a dress. 

Do-OOl'or (d^-k&l'er), v. t. To deprive of color ; 
to bleach. — Do-OOl'or-a'tlon (-kU'er-a'shtin), 
n. Removal or absence of color. 

Do'com-poao' ( de'kSm-pSz' ), V. t. To resolve 
into original elements. ^ v. i. To undergo dis- 
solution. — Do'oom-pos'a-blo ( -pSz'&-b*i ), a. 
Capable of beingdecomposed. — Do-OOm'po-8i'- 
tton (-kSm'p^-zTsh'iin), n. The act or process 
of resolving a compound into its elementary 
parts ; analysis ; decay ; disintegration. 

De'OOm-pos'itO (dS^kSm-pSzTt), a. Compounded 
more than once. — n. Anything decom- 

Do'cam-poiUld' (de'kSm-pound')* v. t. To com- 
pound a second time ; to decompose. *-a. Com- 
pounded repeatedly. 

Deo'O-rata (dfik'd-rat), v, L To deck ; to adorn ; 

S, S, I, o, G, long ; &, 6, 1, 5, ft, yi short ; senAtor Svent, tdea, 6bey, finite, cAre, ftrm, Ask, {|U, fioolf 


to smbellLtb; to ornamfint, ^IlM'o-n 
<.ril'>hlii.), n. AcloIdecoratmB;emlwll]ah 
— D»a'»T«-tl*« ldBk'*-r*-tl<i, o. BuiUiH 
balUihi adonimg. — DM'i^iB'tai (-rK'tgc 

•. . — II (dfrkyrili or dSk'J-). a- Beooi 

'- — OnWvna-lj, odK.- 

(drnftl-kn), V. I. To Uk 


■trlppEoa oU the bvk or hiuk, 
<Amn (St-kyrOm), n. Propriety ol >; 

Mt-koin, e. (.' [Dmotu) (-kold') i 

(dVkrtBO, B. t a 
DECUiSDlO,] lodl 

[Decbied (-ktSdOi 


Shtsb' (dS-k^'ti. "^ 

■ Dkeeuhs.] To date 

Dto're-inuit (dSk'ra-mei „ ... 

LHJHIP^I (dS-krtpnt), o. WorubjmflimitiMOf 

age. — Dt-nrsT'i-tiida (I-tud), n. Bodily io- 

ulM vben roaating. ~ Da-map'l-titlim ( 
■hUn), Ti. Act of d»cr»vLtntiiig. 
Dtuntll (d^-kTStol), a. Containing, or 

- Doo'i»-t(i-ry (dSk'rS-t( 
/decree; official; crIticE 
t. [Dbcbikd (-krid') J D 

- Dt-Ut'M S-kT 

im1wnt-lr, adti. 

DMrr (dS-kriO, 

n.— DMii^ 
pnMtrat« ; reciimDaDK. — ir»iiiim'iMiii-ir, 
— D»«iimnMaM (-ben), S»«im1wa-0T (- 

tar)t n. GoDflnament from ^ckosB, 
D««^t-pla (dn'lt-p'l), 0. ToDloldt muUJnllsdby 

lb nuke tenfoUEj to multiply by ten, 
BMWH-OB (dt-ku'rl-Sn), n. A Ronuui officer 

:■ (dt^kdym), t. i. To ctou at ui 

tug It »i Muta an^ 
DtOT-MU (duojat), «. r. 
d«o«B ; to inBCribf 
— IM'tMtlOIl (- 

n DEFEcnoir 

mant. — D^-lnenv* (-dBk'llv), 
taiDiag to deduction j deducibl 

II*Ml (^h «■ That whicb i> done 
ment ; eiploit ; > sealed mslruni 
conteying profierty. — 1. 1. To ei 

Drnm <dSm), v. I. ic i. [Dbiod ( 

I)»gp IdBp), o. Fm to the bottom 

depth ; far down ; profoundly ; deepl 
That vbJch la deep ; the depth •- thn mid 
eea or oceao. — OMpfly, adv. - 
— Daap'an (dBp"u), o. I. To ^ 
deeper.^ v.'. To becoma deeper 
)mi (der), n. iffUJ. * pi. * "« 
quadruped hunted 

' tekiuffiway; 
I. Ofor per- 

cms.] To diafig. J 


{-f»9'ment),n. A. 

Da-bl'mto (d^fll'. 

partof. — Dl'Ill- HeadoIDeer. 

Wtlini (dE-flQ-lii'- 

D>-tuiwr(dt-fam'),v.l. [Dnum (-fimil'> ; !>■• 
ate.^Ss-lam'n', n.— Di-Iuii'a-la-n (-[ftm'*- 
calumliiaiis. — Sit'i-matlni (d(j'*-ma'Bhaii)| 

St-ltnlf ^t-fRlfl, R' Omiealon; vant; faQuTA 

^OFdhie default, 


d. — Di-lM'sl-bll (-il-b'l), a. Capable 
of beini annulled or n.ade Toid. 

— Ds-ttnlfW, ». 



Sal'a-oits (dec^kEt), <>, i. Tt 

F»ed from drege, leea, etc- ; re 
— D#»Mtlini (ki'slilia). 


led; purified. 
anun>i n. Act 01 eeparv 

, . or M Totding eierement 

iioM the body. 

»'leiit' (dS-tSktO, B. Want erf HimatUiiE neo- 
easary for completeneaa or perfection ; imper- 
(eirtlDn ; blemish ; deformity. — D| - Im ' tton 

1, (ifltd, Ifnit, out, oU, oluit, KD, ains, Ink, tben^ VliO- 




CMue ; apofltaqr ; backAlidine. -De - f eot ' !▼• 
(d^-f6k'tlv^, a. Having defecto; incomplete; 
deficient ; imperfect ; faulty. — De-f ectlTe-lYi 
adv. — De-f ootlYe-ness, n. 

De-ftnoe'. n. See Dkfknsx. 

De-fend' (d£-fSnd'), v. t. To guard from injury ; 
to protect. — De-f ond'ant (-ant), n. One who 
makes defense or opposes a complaint or chai^^e. 
— De-fend'er, n. 

De-fenae' (dS-fSu8')i De-fenoe', n. Act of de- 
fending, or state of being defended ; protec- 
tion from injury ; vindication ; justification. — 
De-fense'leBS, De-fenoe^ess, a. Destitute of 
defense ; unprotected. — De-fen'sl-Me (-fSn'sT- 
b'l), a. Capable of being defended. — De-fen'- 
8lve(-sTv), a. Serving to defend. —n. That 
which defends ; saf eguuxl ; state of defense.' — 
De-le&'iive-ly, adv. 

De-fer' (di-fSr'), v. t. [Dbfxrrbd (-fSrd') ; Db- 
rBaRmo.] To put off ; to delay ; to postpcme. 
*- V. i. To wait ; to yield out of respect. — 
De-fer'rer, n.— Def'er-ence (dSf'er-ens), n. 
Bespect or concession to another ; regard ; comr 
plaisance. — Def^er-en'tlal (dfif'Sr-Su'shal), a. 
Expressing deference ; accustomed to defer. 

De-fi'anoe (dd-fi'ans), n. A defying; a chal- 
lenge ; provocation ; opposition ; willixigness to 
fight. — De-tt'aat (-ant), a. Full of defiance ; 
bold; insolent. 

De-fl'olent (dS-flsh'ent), a. Wanting; inade- 
quate; defective; imperfect : short. — De-fl'- 
elent-ly, adv. — De-fl'oienoe (-«ns), De-fl'clen- 

af (-fTsh'^n-sj^), n. Defect ; impeziection. 
1-Cit (dSf'I-sIt), n. Deficiency ; lack. 

De-fl'er (d^-fi'Sr), n. One who defies. 

De-file' (di^-fil' or de'fn), n. A narrow passage 
or way. ^ (d$-fil')) v. i. To march off, file by 
file ; to file off. 

De-flle' (di-fll'), V. /. To pollute ; to corrupt ; to 
soil ; to debauch. — De-flle'ment (-ment), n. A 
defiling ; uncleanness ; pollution. — De-fll'er, n. 

De-fine' (dS-fin'), v. t. To end ; to determine the 
boundaries of ; to mark out with distinctness ; 
to exhibit clearly ; to explain ; to interpret. — 
De-fin'er, n. — De-fin'a-hle, a. 

Def'i-nlte (dSfT-ntt), a. Having certain limits ; 
precise ; exact ; serving to define or restrict. — 
Def l-nlte-ly, adv. — Def 'l-nlte-ness, n. 

Def i-nl'tlon (d6f ^T-nTsh'iin), n. Act of defining ; 
description of a thing by its properties ; expla- 
nation of the meaning of a word or term. 

Do-fln'i-ttve (de-fTn'T-n v), a. Determinate ; pos- 
itive ; final ; unconditional^ limiting, '—n. That 
which ascertains or confirms. — De-fin'1-tlve- 
ly, adv. — De-fin'i-tlve-ness, n. 

Defla-grate (dSf a&-grat), v. i. & t. To bum with 
a sudden and sparkling combustion. — Dof^Ia- 
gra'tlGn (-grS'shiin), n. A sudden combustion 
without explosion.— De-fla'gra-l)le (de-fla'- 
gr&-b'I or def1&-), a. Combustible. 

De-flect' (d^-flSkt'), V. i. & t. To turn aside ; to 
deviate.— De-flection ( -flSk'shiin ), De-flez'- 
nre (-flSks'ur), n. A turning aside ; deviation. 

De-flonr' (dft-flour'), v. t. [Deplourbd (-fiourd') ; 
DEFLousmo.l To ravish ; to seduce. — Deflo- 
ration (dSf'is-ra'shiin or de'fi$-), n. Rape. 

De-finz'lon ( d^-fltlk'shiin ), n. A discharge or 
flowing off of humors. 

De-fo'll-ation (de-fo'lT-S'shiln), n. The fall or 
shedding of leaves. 

De-force' (d^-fSrs'), v. t. To keep from the 

owner unlawfully. — Dd-fove'&ent, n., Wrcmgi 
f ul withholding (of lands or tenements). 

De-form' (dt-fdrm'), v. t. [DnoBioEo (-fdrmd') ; 
DxroBMiNO.] To mar ox sJter in form ; to disfig* 
ure ; to deface ; to make ugly. — De-foim'er, n. 
— Do-f crm'i-ty (-T-tj^), n. The state of being 
deformed ; ugliness ; defect ; absurdity. 

De-frand' (dt-fr^d'), v. t. To deprive of right by 
fraud or artifice ; to cheat. — De-frand'er, n. 

De-fray' (d^frS'), v. t. [Dktbatbd (-frad') ; Db- 
FSATiNO.] To meet the cost of ; to bear the ex- 
pense of. — De-fray'er, n. — De-fray'al (-f ra'- 
al), De-fray'ment, n. Payment of charaes. 

Deft (dSf t), a. Apt ; dexterous ; neat. — Deftly, 

adv. — Deffnesa, n. 

De-fnnct' (dt-ffinkf), a. Dead; deeeased.— n. 
A dead person.' 

De-fy' (df-fl'), v. L [Defied (-fid') ; DEFmra.] 
To dare ; to challenge ; to brave. 

De-gen'er-ate (d^Sn'Sr-tt), a. Having become 
worse than one's kind ; deteriorated ; degraded ; 
mean ; base ; low. ^ (-at), v. i. To deteriorate ; 
to be degraded. — De-gen'er-ate-ly, adv. — De- 
gen'er-ate-ness, De-gen'er-a-cy (-i-sQ, n. De- 
terioration; meanness. — De-gen^er-a'tion (-S'- 
shQn), n. Decline ; debasement. 

Degan-ti'tien (degafi-tTsh'fin or dS'gld-), 91. Act 
or power of swallowing. 

De-grade' (de-grad'), V. t. To deprive of rank 
or title ; to abase ; to lower ; to reduce. — De- 
grad'ed, a. Reduced in character or reputa- 
tion; low; base. — De-grad'lng-l7, adv. In a 
degrading manner. — Deg'ra-dation ( d6g ' r&- 
da'shlin), n. Loss of rank or value ; degener- 
acy; abasement; disgrace. 

De-gree' (de-gre')* n. A step ; position ; station ; 
rank ; the 360th part of a circle ; 69^ miles. 

De-Ufl/cence (de-hTs'sens), n. Act of gaping; 
opening of pods and cells at maturity. — De- 
llis'oent (-sent), a. Opening, as a pod. 

De'l-form (dST-fdrm), a. Like a god ; of god- 
like form. 

DCi-fy (det-fi), V. t. [Deified (-fid) ; Deifyiko.] 
To exalt to the rank of deity ; to render godlike. 

Deign (dan), v. i. [Dbigkbd (dand) ; Deignino.] 
To think worthy ; to vouchsafe ; to condescend. 
^ V. i. To grant ; to allow. 

De^ism (de'Iz'm), n. Belief in God, but not in 
revelation. — De'ist (-1st), n. An advocate of 
deism ; a freethinker. — De-is'tiO (-Is'tTk), De- 
Istic-al (-tT-kal), a. Pertaining to deism or to 
deists ; containing deism. — De-is'tio-al-lyt adv, 

De'i-ty (de'T-tj^), n. A divinity ; a god. 

De-]ect' (de-jekf), v. t. To cast down; to dis- 
pirit ; to discourage ; to depress. — De-)ect'ed-ly, 
adv. In a dejected manner; sadly. — De-Ject'- 
ed-ness, n. — De-jection (-jSk'shiin), n. Low- 
ness of spirits ; melancholy ; disheartenment. 

De-laine' (de-lSn'), n. A kind of dress goods. 

De-lay' (de-la'), n. A putting off ; procrastina- 
tion; hindrance; detention; stop. —v./. [De- 
lated (-lad') ; Delaying.] To put off ; to de- 
fer ; to detain ; to hinder ; to prolong ; to 
protract. i—v. i. To move slowly; to linger; 
to tarry. — De-lay'er, n. 

Dele (de1$), V. t. To erase ; to remove (some- 
thing put in type)*; — usually used in the im- 
perative, and expressed thus: ^. — Del'e-ble 
(dSl'e-b'l or de'lS-), a. Capable of being blotted 

De-lecta-Me (d#-16k't4-bn), a. Highly pleasing ; 

Ss Si It 5, a, long ; &, «, 1, 5, tt, ti "^^ * flenlUe, dvent, tdea, 6bey , finite, c&re, lirm, ask, {|11, finoli 




delightful. —De-lw/ta-ble-nesSt n. — De-loo'- 
ta-uy, adv, — De'lec-ta'tloii (<is'igk-ts'8hiiu), 
n. Great pleasure ; deUght. 

Del'^gate (aSl'$-gat), n. One aent to represent 
anotner ; a representative ; a deputy. <— v. t. 
To send as one^s representative; to commis- 
sion ; to depute ; to intrust to tlie care of an- 
other ; to assigpi ; to commit. — a. Sent to act 
for another ; deputed. — Del' 0- ga' tton (-ga'- 
shQn), n. A delegating ; one or more persons 
deputed to represent others; deputation. 

De-lete^ (di-lSt^), v. U [Delbtbo; Dblbtxmo.] 
To blot out ; to erase ; to destroy. 

Dol^e-te^-ooa (dSrS-tS'rY-r.s or de'lS-), a. De- 
structive; pernicious. 

Doll (dSlf ), n. Earthenwure, glazed. 

De-liVer-ate (d^4Tl/Sr-at), v.L Sii. To weigh 
in the mind ; to consider ; to ponder. — De-IlV- 
0r-at6 (-it), a. Circumspect ; weU considered ; 
slow. — De-liVer-ate-ly, adv, — De-llVor-ate- 
ness, n. ~ De-liVor-a'tlon (d$-lTiyer-a'shtln;), 
n. Act of deliberating ; mature reflection ; wari- 
ness; caution; consiHtation. — Do-liVor-a-tlTO 
(-&-tIv), a. Pertaining to, or acting by, delib- 
eration.— De-liVor-a-tlve-ly, adv. 

Del'i-oate (d61'T-kat), a. Nice; fine; consider- 
ate ; feeble ; frail ; tender ; dainty ; critical. — 
Dol'i-oate-ly, adv. — Dell-cate-ness, n.— Del'- 
1-oa-oy (-k&-E^), n. Refinement of taste or sen- 
sibility; elegance; daintiness; luxury. 

De-U'OiOlU (de-lTsh'tis), a. Affording exquisite 
pleasure; delightfuL — De-Il'Oions-ly, adv. — 
De-U'elons-neBS, n, 

De-UgllV (d^-lif), n. Great joy or pleasure, or 
that which affords it. — v. t. To give great 
fileasure to ; to please highly, ^v. i. To have or 
take great pleasure. — De-ugllt'od, a. Greatly 
pleased} charmed. -De- ]M;]lt'llll (-f^il), a. 
Delicious ; charming. — De-llglltflll-lyi adv, 

De-lln'e-ata (d^-lTn'^-at), v, t. To represent; 
to sketch ; to portray ; to depict ; to paint ; to 
draw; todescribe. — De-lln'e-a'tlon (-a'shOn), 
». A description ; a sketch ; an outline. — De- 

lln'e-a'tor (-iTn'd-S'tSr), n. -: De-lin'e-a-ment 

(•lTn'$-&-ment), n. Delineation. 

De-lln'anont (de-lTn'kwent), a. Failing in duty ; 
offen^g by neglect. — n. A transgressor ; an 
offender ; a culprit. — De-lln'dnen-cy (-kwen- 
is$)y n. Failure or omission of duty; fault; 
misdeed; crime. 

Dari-onssce' (dSi^T-kwSsO, v, i. [Deuquzsoxo 
(-kwest'); Deliqubsoino.] To melt in air. — 
Del^i-dnSfl/oenoe (-kwSs^s^ns), n. Act or state 
of being deliquescent. — Dal^i-dnes^ctnt (-sent), 
a. Liquefjring in the air ; branching so that the 
stem is lost in the branches. 

De-Uo^ni-ate (di-lIk'wT-St), v. i. To deliquesce. 
— llDe-lid'lU-imL (-wI-Qm), n. A meltmg in 
the air, or in a moist place. 

De-llr'l-1ini(d$-lTr'I-fim),n. Derangement ; men- 
tal aberration ; strong excitement ; wild enthu- 
siasm.— Delirium tremens (trS'mSnz). Vio- 
lent delirium induced by excessive use of intox- 
icating liquors. — De-lir'i-ons (-tis), a. Having 
delirium ; insane. — De-llr'i-oiis-ness, n. 

De-IiV'er (di-lTv'Sr), v. L [Dblivebbd (-Srd); 
Dbuvebisg.] To free from restraint ; to set at 
liberty ; to rescue or save from evil ; to give or 
transfer ; to communicate ; to impart ; to reheve 
of a chUd in childbirth. — De-liV'er-er, n.— 
De-liV'er-ance (-Sr-ans), n. Act of delivering ; 

state of being delivered; freedom: opinion OS 
decision expressed. — De-liv'er-y (-er-j^), n. Act 
of delivering from restraint ; rescue ; release ; 
surrender; act or style of utterance; ^irturi- 
tion ; freedom ; preservation. 

Dell (dSl), n. A dale ; a valley ; a ravine. 

Del'phi-an (d61'fl-an), Del'puo (-flk), a. Relat- 
ing to Delphi, and to its oracle ; oiacolar ; am- 
biguous; mysterious. 

Del^liin (dei'fTn), Del'VUne, a. Pertaining to 
the dauphin of France, or to an edition of the 
classics prepared for his use. 

Del'pUXLe (dSl'f In), a. Pertaining to the dolphin, 
a genus of fishes. 

Del'ta (d61't&), n. The Greek letter A ; a tract 
of land between two mouths of a river. — Del'- 
told (-toid), a. Like the Greek A ; triangular. 

De-lnde' (dMildOt v. /. To lead into error ; to 
mislead ; to beguile ; to cheat. — De-lvd'er, n» 

Del'llge (d61'uj), n. An inundation; a flood; esp., 
the flood in Noah's time ; a great calamity. -^ 
V, L [DBLuaxD (-ujd) ; Deluoxng.] To over- 
flow ; to inundate ; to drown ; to overwhelm. 

De-ln'Sion (d$-lii^zhiin), 91. Act of deluding; 
deception ; state of being deluded ; error ; illu- 
sion; fallacy.— De-lu'8lve(-slv), a. Fitted to 
delude; deceptive; delusory. -—De-ta'ao-xy (-s^ 
rf). a. Apt to delude ; fallacious^ 

Delve (d61v), v. L [Dblvbd (dSlvd) ; Delving.] 
To dig ; to penetrate ; to trace out. —v. i. To 
labor with the spade. — Delv'er, n. 

Dem'a-gogne (dSm'&-gSg), n. One who controla 
the multitude by specious arts ; an artful poli- 

De-main^ 91. See Dehbsns. 

De-mand' (d^m&ndOi v. t. To ask ; bo claim ; to 
require; to be in urgent need of. — ». t. To 
make a demand ; to inquire. *- n. A demand- 
ing; requisition; question; manifested want; 
claim.— De-mand'a-hle, a. Capable of being 
demanded. — De-mand'er, n. 

De'mar-oation (de^mar-ka'shttn), De'mar-ka'- 

tton, n. A division of territory ; a boundary. 
De-mean' (dS-men'), v. t. [Demba2TED (-mend') ; 
DsMBANiNO.] To manage ; to conduct ; to com- 

S^rt (one's self). — De-mean'or (-men'Sr), ». 
onduct ; behavior ; deportment ; bearing ; mien. 

De-ment'ed (de-mSnt'Sd), a. Insane; mad; of 
unsound mind. — ||De-men'tl-a (-mi6n'shI-&), n. 
Insanity ; loss of reason ; idiocy. 

De-mer'il (d^-mSr'It), n. Misconduct; fault; 

De-mer'sion (dt-mer'shiin), 91. A plunging into 
a fluid ; immersion. 

De-mesne' (de-men'), De-main' (de-manOf »• A 
manor house, with adjoining land. 

Dem'1-god (dSmT-gSd), n. A deifled hero. 

Dem'i-folm (dSmT-jSn), n. A large glass bottle, 
inclosed in wickerwork. 

llDem^i-monde' (dSm^I-mdNd'), 91. Persons of 
doubtful reputation ; courtesans. 

De-miae' (di-miz'), n. Death of a royal or illus- 
trious person; conveyance or transfer of an 
estate. ^ v. t. [Dbmisbd (-mizd') ; DBinsmo.] 
To bequeath ; to bestow by will. — De-mls'a-llle 
(.miz'4-b*l), a. Capable of being leased. 

De-moc'ra-cy (d$-m5k'r&-sj^), n. Government by 
the people, or by representatives chosen by 
the people ; a republic ; the prii^ci^s of one 
of the ijnerican political parties. — Dem'0-cral 
(d8m'6-krSt), n. An adherent of democracy. — 

ffiBD, recent, 6rb, rude, f ^ Am, food, f ol>ty out, oU, obair, go, 8iiis» ink, tlien, tbln. 




Dem'o-orttlo (dSm'^-krStnrk), Dem'o-cntlo- 

al (-I-kal), a. Pertaining to, or favoring, de- 
mocracy.— Dem'O-orat'le-al-ly {-X-kal-\f)y adv, 

De-mol'lsh ( d^-mSllBh ), v. L [Dbmolishsd 
(-Isiit) ; Demolishing. ] To throw or pull down ; 
to ruin ; to overthrow ; to destroy. — Dem'0>li'- 
tion (dSm'^-lTsh'fin), n. Act of overthrowing ; 
ruin; destruction. 

Ds'BlOll (de'inSn), n. An evil spirit ; a devil. — 
De-nu/ni-ac (-mS'nT-Sk), Dem'o-ni'ao-al (dSm^- 

t-m^&-]£al), a. Pertaining to, resembling, or 
produced Dy, demons ; devilish. — De-mo'lil-ao, 
fi. A human being possessed by an evU spirit. — 
De'moa-lBin (de'mSn-Iz'm), n. Belief in de- 
mons or false gods. — Do'mon-ol'a-try (-5l'&- 
tij^), 91. Worship of demons. — De^mon-Ol'O-gy 
(-o-jj^), n. A treatise on demons. 
Dem'on-atxata (dfim'Sn-strSt or dt-mfin'strSt), 
V. t. To prove f uUy or to a certainty ; to point 
out ; to exhibit ; to manifest. — Ddflt'on-Btn'- 
tor (dSm'Sn-stri'tSr), n. — De-mon'stra-to-ry 
(<i%-mOn^8tr&.t&-rj^), De-mon'atxa-tlvo (-tTv), a. 
Tending to demonstrate ; conclusive ; frank ; 
open. — De-mon'Stxa-tlve, n. A demonstrative 
pronoun ; a pronoun distinctly designating that 
to which it refers. — De-mon'stxa-uve-ly, adv. 

— De-mon'stra-blo (-str&-b'l), a. Capable of 
being demonstrated ; admitting of decisive 
proof. ~ De-mon'stra-bly, adv. — De-mon'- 
Btza-ble-neas, De-mon'stra-bll'i-ty (-bli'l-tj^), 

n. — Dem'on-Stra'tlon (dSm'Sn-strS'shtln), n. 
Proof ; manifestation ; display of strength. 

De-mor'al-lze (di-mQr'al-iz), v. t. To destroy or 
undermine the morals of ; to corrupt in morals, 
discipline, courage, etc. — De-mor'al-i-zatioil 
(-ol-i-zS^shOn), n. Loss or destruction of mor- 
als, discipline, etc. 

De-mnl'oont (de-mfil'8«nt), a. Softenmg; mol- 
lifyii^ ; soothing. — n. A soothing medicinal 

De-miir' (dS-mfirO t*. i. [Dkmubbbd (-mOrdO ; I>b- 
MUBSiNG.] To hesitate ; to pause ; to delay. ^ 
n. Stop; hesitation; suspense. — Do-miU'rer, 
». One who demurs ; stoppage of a legal action 
by a point which the court must determine. 

— De-mnr'ragO (-mOr'rftj), n. Detention of a 
ship, freight, etc. ; payment for such detention. 

De-miire' (de-murO, a. Grave ; a£Fectedly mod- 
est. — De-miirely, adv. — De-nmre'liess, ». 

De-niy' (de-mi'), n. A small size of paper. 

Den (d6n), n. A cave ; a beast's dwelling ; a re- 
treat ; a haunt. —v. i. To dwell ; to inhabit. 

De-na'tUm-al-lze (d^nSsh'tln-al-iz), v. t. To di- 
vest of national character or rights. 

Den'dlltO (dSnMrit), ». A mineral, on which are 
bruichingfigures resembling trees. — Don-Arlt'- 
Ic (-drTtOk), Don-Arlt10-al (-T-kal), a. Con- 
taining delmeations like shrubs or trees. — 
Den'ul-form (-drT-fdrm), Den'droid (-droid), 
a. Resembling a shrub or tree in form ; den- 
dritic. — Den-drol'e-gy (-drSl'ft-jj^), n. Natural 
history of trees. 

Don'glie (dSn'gi), 91. Breakbmie fever, an epi- 
demic eruptive fever of the West Indies, Egypt, 
India, etc. 

De-ni'a-blet Be-xil'aL See under Dbnt. 

Don'l-zen (dSnHf-z'n), n. A citizen ; a stranger 
admitted to residence in a foreign country; 
an inhabitant. *- v. t. To enfranchise ; to pop- 
ulate (a region) with denizens. — Dond-za'tlon 
(-za'sbGn), n. Act of making one a denizen. 

De-BOml-liate (dt-nOml-nSt), V. t. TojriTD a 
name to ; to entitle ; to designate. *-a. living 
a specific name. — De-BOm'f nation (•nS'shtin), 
n. Act of naming or designating; a name ; a 
class, or collection of individuals, called by the 
same name ; a sect ; a title ; a category. — Do- 
noml-nation-al (-al), a. Rehtting to a denom- 
ination. — De-nom'i-na-tlve (-n&-tlv), a. Con- 
ferring a denomination or title. — De-nom'i- 
na'tor (-natter), n. The giver of a name; 
a number below the line in fractions, showing 
how many parts the integer is divided mto. 

De-note' (de-nSf), v, t. To indicate ; to mark ; to 
signify ; to show. — De-noVa-1lle (-n5f &-bU), a. 
— De'no-tatlOB (de^ni-tS'shiSn or d/Sa't-), n. 
A marking o£F ; a separation. 

llDd'none'ment' (da'noo'miiN' or dt-nSo'taiSir), «. 
The catastrophe of a drama, romance, etc. ; tiie 
upshot or solution of a mystery ; an event. 

De-nonnoe' (d^-nouns'), v, t. To accuse pubUcIy ; 
to threaten; to stigmatize. — De-nonn'OOT 
(-noun^sSr), n. — De-nonncefmont, n. A proc- 
lamation of a threat, calamity, etc. 

Dttise (dSns), a. Having the constituent part 
closely united; close; compact. — Densely, 
adv. — Den'8l-ty (d6n'sT-tj^), n. Quality of be- 
ing dense or thick ; compactness ; proporticm of 
mass, or quantity of matter, to bulk or volume. 

Dent (dSnt), n. A small hollow ; a mark made by 
a blow ; an indentation. *- v. t. To make a dent 
upon ; to indent. 

Dental (d6n'tal), a. Pertaining to the teeth. — n. 
A sound or letter formed by aid of the teetiu — 
Dentate (dSn'tfit), Denta-ted (-ti-tSd), a. 
Toothed ; sharply notched ; serrate. — Den-ta'- 
tlon (dSn-ta'shlin), n. Formation of teeth. — 
Dent'ed, a. Indented ; impressed with littie 
hollows. — Denti-Cle (dSntT-k*l), n. A small 
tooth or projecting point. — Den-tlo'n-late 
(d6n-tlk'&-lftt), Den-tloti-Uted (-la'tfid), a. 
Notched into littie toothlike projections ; finely 
dentate. — Den -tlo'n- la' uon (-li'shttn), n. 
The state of being set with smaJl notches or 
teeth. — Dentl-form (dSn'tT-fdrm), Dentoid 
(-toid), a. Having the form of teeth. — Denti- 
frice (-tT-frls), n. A substance for cleaning the 
teeth. — Den'tlne (-ttn), n. The calcified sub- 
stance of which teeth are mostty composed, 

Den'til (dSn'tll), n. A square block or projection 
in cornices. 

Den'tlst (dSn'tTst), n. One who cares for the 
teeth of others; a dental surgeon. — Dentist- 
ry (-tTs-tr^^, n. Art or profession of a dentist. 

Den-tttion (aSn-tTsh'fin), n. Formation of teeth ; 
the process or time of cutting the teeth ; the 
system of teeth peculiar to an animal. 

De-nnde' (d$-nud'), v. t. To divest of covering ; 
to make naked; to strip. — Den'U-da'tion 
(dSn'u-da'shtin or de'nti-), n. A making bare. 

De-nnn'Oi-ate (d$-ntin'shT-at), v, t. To denounce. 
— De-nnn'Ci-ation (-shT-a'shtln or -sT-S'shiin), 
n. Act of denouncing ; a public menace or ac- 
cusation. — De-nnn'ci-ator (-a'tSr), n. — De- 
nnn'oi-a-to-ry (-shl-A-t^-ry or -sharti-r]^), a. 
Containing denunciation ; accusing. 

De-ny' (d^-ni'), v. t. [Dbnibd (-nid') ; Dentino.] 
To contradict ; to refuse ; to reject ; to with- 
hold ; to disown ; to abjure. — De-ni'a-ble 
(-ni'&-bl), a. Capable of being denied. — De- 
ni'al (-al)f n. A denying ; a refusal ; a contra- 
diction ; a disavowal. — De-ni'er, n. 

&, 3,1, 5, ft, long; ft,«,I,5,tt,f,ahorti aeiiftte,«vent,tdea,6bey,anite,cftre,ttrm,&ak,||ll,flaal, 




Do-OtKfftra-ent (d^-Sl/strvi-ent), a. Removing 
obstructions ; aperient. ^ ». A medicine which 
opens the natural passages of the body. 

Da'O-dand' (de'S-dSnd^), n. A thing forfeited to 
the state for pious uses. 

De-i/dor-lzo (d^-S'dSr-iz), v. t. To deprive of 
odor, esp. of bad odor resulting from impurities. 

De'Oll-tol'O-gy (dS^On-tSl'i-jj^), n. Science of 

De-paxtf (dft-pttrf)* f. i. To go forth or away ; to 
leave ; to decease ; to die. ^v. t. To leave ; to 
quit ; to retire from. — De-par'tnre (-i^tdr), 
n. A going away ; a removal ; death. 

De-parfiient (de-iralit^ment), n. A part or por- 
tion ; distinct course of life, action, study, etc. ; 
a subdivision of business or official duty ; a ter- 
ritorial division ; a province ; a district J^9f- 

part-mental (dS^pSrt-mSntal), a. Pertaining 
to a department. 

Do-poid' (d$-p6ndO) t;. i. To hang ; to rely ; to 
trust; to adhere. — Do-pend'ont (-«nt), De- 
pend'ant (-ant), a. Belying ; subordinate. — n. 
One sustained by, relying on, or subject to, an- 
other ; a retainer. — Do - pdnd * ent - iy, adv. — 
De-pend'tno* (-«ns), ». Act or state of de- 
pending or of being dependent ; reliance ; trust ; 
subordination. — Do - pend ' on - 07 (-en-sj^), n. 
Dependence ; a territory remote uom the state 
to which it belongs ; a colony. 

De-pior (d«-pYkf ), De-pic'tiire (-pTk'tdr), v. t. 
To paint ; to portray ; to describe. 

Dopl-latO (dSp'T-lat), V. t. To strip of hair ; to 
husk. — Do-pll'a-tO-ry (d£-pTl'&-ti-rj^), a. Hav- 
ing power to remove the hair and make bald or 
bare. — n. An apjplication for removing hair. 

De-pletO' (dt-plef ), v. t. To empty (th€f vessels 
of the human system, by venesection) ; to ex- 
haust the strength or resources of. — Do-plo'- 
tion (-plS'shlin), n. Act of depleting or empty- 
ing; bloodletting. — Do-plO'tO-xy (-t^-ij^), a. 
Calculated to deplete. 

Do-ploro' (d^-plSr'), V. t. To lament ; to bewaU ; 
to bemoan.— De-plor'a-blo (-plSr'&rbU), a. Lam- 
entable ; sad ; pitiable ; grievous ; wretched. 
— De-plor'a-My, adv. — De-plor'a-ble-ness, n. 

Do-ploy' (d$-ploi'), V. t. [Deflotsd (-ploid'); 
Dbployino.] To open ; to extend ; to display (a 
column of troo^). '—'V.i. To extend in line. 

DO-plnmo' (d^-plum')f v. t. To deprive of plumes 
or plumage ; to lay bare ; to expose. — Dop'ln- 
ma^on (dSp^la-mS'shtin or dS^pltt-), n. Strip- 
ping or falling off of plumes or featners. 

D0-P<me' (d$-pSn') V. t. & i. To testify under 
oath.; to depose. — Do-po'&ont (d*-p5'n«nt), a. 
Having a passive form with active meaning ; — 
said of certain verbs. —> n. One who deposep or 
gives a deposition tmder oath ; a deponent verb. 

De-pop'n-latO (d^-pSptk-lat), v. U To deprive of 
inhabitants; to dispeople. i— v. t. To become 
dispeopled. — Do-pcm^l-la^tor (-pSp^d-lSaSr), n. 
— Do-pop'U-latlon (-p5p'fi-la'8han), n. Act of 
depopulating ; state of being depopulated. 

Do-poxt' (di-i»rt'), V. L To transport ; to carry 
away ; to demean ; to conduct ; to behave. — 
Do'por-tatlon (dS'p^r-ta'sh&n or dSp^dr-), n. 
Act of deporting ; banishment ; exile ; transpor- 
tation. — Do - port ' ment ( 6i - port ' ment ), n. 
Manner of deporting or demeaning one's self ; 
carriage ; behavior ; demeanor ; conduct. 

Do-poso' (d^-pSzO, V. t. To dethrone ; to degrade ; 
to eject from office ; to testify to ; to aver upon 

oath.— v. i. To bear witness. —DO>pOS'al 
(-pSz'al), n. Act of deposing; removal from 
office. — D0-P08'a-Ill0, a. 

Do-p09'lt (dS-poz^t), V. t. To lay down ; to place ; 
to put ; to lay away for safe keeping ; to store. ^ 
n. A thing 'deposited, laid down, or placed (in 
a bank, for safe keeping, etc.). — Do-pos'l-tor 
(-I-tSr), n. — Do-pos'i-ta-iyC-I-tt-TJ^), fi. One 
with whom any thing is left in trust ; trustee ; 
guardian. — D»-P08'i-t0-ry (-I-ti-r^), n. Phwse 
where anything is deposited for safe keeping. 

Dop'O-ldtlOll (dsjy^-zlsh'fin or de'pft-), n. A de- 
posing or depositing ; precipitaticm ; the setting 
aside of a public officer ; displacement ; re- 
moval ; thing deposited ; matter thrown down ; 
sediment ; testimony under oath or alBrmation ; 
an iUndavit. 

Do'pot (de'pi ; French dt-py), n. A place of 
deposit ; a storehouse ; a military station where 
stores are kept, or recruits assembled ; a rail- 
road station.' 

Do-praTO' (d^pny'), v, L To make bad or worse ; 
to corrupt ; to vitiate ; to pollute ; to impair. — 
Dep'ra-va'tlOll (dSp ^ r& - vS ' shOn), n. Act of 
corruptix^ ; the state of being depraved ; cor- 
ruption ; profli^y. — Do-pravl-ty(-priSv'I-ty), 
n. Extreme wickedness ; corruption. 

DoP'tO-oatO (dSp'r^-kat), v. t. To pray for deliv- 
erance from ; to regret deeply. — DoP'tO-oa'tor 
(dSp'rft-ka'tSr), n.— Dop^O-oa-tO-ry(-k*-t*-^)» 
a. Serving or tending to deprecate. — DOP^TO- 
Oatlon (-kS^shOn), n. Prayer that an evil may 
be removed or prevented ; entreaty for pardon. 

— Dop'ro-ca^tlTe (dfip^-kS'tYv), a. Having 
the form of prayer ; deprecatoiy. 

Do-piVol-atO (d$-pr5'shl-«t), v. /. To lessen In 
price ; to undervalue ; to underrate ; to decry ; 
to detract, ^v. i. To fall in value ; to sink in 
estimation. — Do-pzVoi-a'tor (-a'tfir). n, — Do- 
pre'ol-a-to-ry (-shl-&-td-rj^ or -sh&-t5-rj^), De- 
pre'ol-a^tiye (-tTv), a. Tending to depreciate. 

— Do-pro'Ol-atlon (-shT-S'sh&n), n. A depreci- 
ating ; r^uction of worth. 

Dop'ro-dato (dSp^rft^lSt), v, t. To plunder; to 

Sillage ; to rob : to lay waste ; to devour. — 
lep'ro-da'tton (dSp^r^-dS'shfin), n. A robbing, 
despoiling, or plundering. — uep'ro-da'tor 
(dSp'rft-da'tgr), n. 

Do-pzoss' (dt-prSsOf V. t. [DxPKBSSBD (-prBsf ) ; 
DsPEBSsmo.] To press down ; to hmmde ; to 
embarrass (trade, commerce, etc.) ; to cheapen. 
— Do-pross'or(-Sr), ». — Do-pros'Bioa (-presh'- 
Qn), n. A reduction ; sinking ; fall ; dejection ; 
melancholy. — Do-pross'lvo (-prgs^y), a, Abie 
or tending to depress. 

De-privo' (dS-priv'), v. t. To take away: to 
bereave ; to despoil ; to debar ; to abridge. — 
Do-prlv'a-blo (-priv'^-bU), a. Liable to be de- 
prived, dispossessed, or deposed. — Dop'zl-Ya'- 
tion (dSp'rY-va'shttn), tu Diqweoession ; loss ; 
want ; bereavement. 

Deptll (dSpth), n. Deepness; pnrfunditv; dark- 
ness ; a deep, or the deepest, part or place. 

Dop'n-ratO (dSp'fi-rSt), v. t. To purify. — Dqp'II- 
ra'tton (dSp^a-rS'shtbi), n. Purification. 

Do-pntO' (de-put'), V. L To appomt as substitute 
or agent ; to delegate, -^n. A deputv. — Dep'n- 
tatlon (dSp'fi-ta'shiSn), n. Act of deputing ; 
a person or persons deputed to apt for others. 

— Dep'U-tize (dSp'u-taz), v. L To depute. — 
Dep'll-ty {rV$)i n. A representative ; an agent. 

fSm, reoenti drb* rude, f^ Am, ftfbd, fdbt, oat, oH^ ^liair^ ^y sins, iQk, then, tlibL 




Be-nol-llAte (dt-rfa^-nSt), V. U To root up; 

to extirpate. 
De-roll' (d^rSlOt v.U&i, To run off the rails ; 

— said of cars, etc. — De-nll'ment, n. 
De-nmce' (d^rSaJO* v, t. To put out of order ; 

to embarnuuB ; to unsettle ; to disturb ; to dis- 
concert. — De-xangeluoiit (-ment), n. Disor- 
der ; insanity ; contusion ; embarrassment. 

Dtr^e-llOt (dBr'd-lYkt), a. Forsaken by the 
owner ; absndoned ; unfaithful ; lost ; adrift. — 
n. A thing abandoned by its owner ; a tract of 
land left dry by the sea, and fit for cultivation. 
— Dor'e-llO'tion (-llk'shOn), n. Abaadonment. 

Do-Xlde' (d^-ridO) t;. t. To laugh at with con- 
tempt ; to ridicule ; to mock ; to taunt. — Do- 
rld'Ulg-ly, adv. By way of derision or mockery. 

— De-rl'slnL (-rTzh'Qn), n. Scorn; mockery; 
ridicule. — Do-Zl'live (-ri'sTv), a. Expressing, 
or characterised by, derision. — De-rl'sive-l7» 
adv, — De-zl'lO-ry (-8*-ry ), a. Derisive. 

De-zlV*' (dt-rivO, V. U To trace ; to deduce ; to 
infer; draw. --v. i. To fiow; to have origin; 
to proceed. — De-Xlv'a-llle (-riv'4rb*l),a. Trans- 
missible : communicable ; inferable. — Dor'l- 
▼atlan (dSr^Y-vS^shOn), n. Deduction from a 
source ; act of tracing origin or descent, as in 
grammar or genealogy ; a derivative. — Do-Zlv'- 
a-tlTe (dt-rl v'ArtI v), a. Obtained by derivation ; 
derived ; secondary. — n. That which is derived. 
— De-ilv'a-tlve-ly, adv, 

Dflxm (dSrm ), n. The covering of an animal ; skin. 
— Derm'al (dSr'mal), a. Pertaining to the 
skin. ~ DoiYma-tol'O-gy (dSr/mfr-tSrs-jj^), n. 
Science of the skin, and its diseases. 

llDoiYliier' (d£i^ny&' or dSr'nl-Sr), a. Last ; final ; 

Dflr'O-gata (dSr^-gSt), v,U&.i, To take away ; 
to detract. *- (-gSt), a. Diminished in value; 
damaged.— Der^O-gatlO]l(-ga'shttn)»n. Disx>ar- 
agement ; detraction ; depreciation. — Do-rog'a- 
tO^-lY (d$-r5g'&-t^rj^), a. Detracting ; injurious. 

Deraok (dSr'rTk), 91. A mast or machine for 
raising heavy weights. 

Der'YlBll (dSr'vTsh), Dor^vlM 
(-vTs), Der'VlS (-vis), n. A Turk- 
ish or Persian monk. 

DM/oant (dSsHdbit), ». A variation 
of an air ; asong m parts ; soprano 
or treble; comment. — Des-oanV 
(d8s-kSntO« v. i. To sing a varia- 
tion or accompaniment ; to com- 
ment ; to expatiate. 

D6-8Caid' (d^-sfindO* v> <. & <. To 
go or come down. — De-80«lld'- 
ant (-<tnt), n. One who descends ; offspring. — 
De-BOOnvailt (•€nt), a. Descending ; proceed- 
ing from an ancestor or source. — De-scendl- 
ble (-Y-b*l), a. Admitting descent ; capable of 
being transmitted by inheritance. — DO-BOOn'- 
Bion (-sSn'shttn), n. A going downward ; de- 
scent ; degradation. — De-BOOlt' ( dS-sSnf ), n. 
A descending ; progress downward ; sudden at- 
tack ; derivatiim ; lineage ; birth ; slope. 

De-BCrihe' (d6-skriV), v, U To represent by words 
or other irigns ; to set forth ; to sketch ; to re- 
late ; to express; to explain.— De-8CriVa-hle, a. 
Capable of description.— De-BOriptlon (-skrTp'- 
shdn), n. A describing ; account ; class ; sort. 

— D6-#BriptlV0 (-tTv), a. Affording descrip- 
tion. — De-BOTiptlve-iy, adv. 

De-BOry' (dft-skri'), v. t. [Dbscbud (d^-skrid') ; 


DK8CSTING.1 To discover (distant objects) ; to 
behold; to detect; to discern. — D^BOl'er, n. 

Des'e-GZata (dfis't-krat), v. t. To pervert from » 
sacred purpose; to profane. — DeB'CHtratloil 
(-kra'shun), n. A desecrating ; sacrilege. 

De-B0rt' (d$-s8rtO) v. t. To paxt from ; to aban- 
don ; to forsake ; to quit. —•«.<. To run away. 
— Dd-Bert'er (-s5rf8r), n. — Dd-Bcr^oiL (-zSr'- 
shfin), n. AlMindonment. 

Des'ort (dfiz'Srt), n. A deserted or forsaken re- 
gion; wilderness; solitude. — a. Forsaken; 
unproductive ; barren ; waste ; desolate. 

De-B0rt' (dt-s8ri/), n. That which is deserved ; 
merit; worth; due. 

De-Banre' (d$-zSrv')t v, t [Dbbbbysd (-zSrvdO ; 
Dbsssving.1 To earn by service ; to merit ; to 
be entitled to. — v. i. To be worthy of recom- 
pense. — De-BSrv'Od-ly (-xSrv'Sd-lj^), adv. Ac- 
cording to desert ; justly. — De-BazYlng, n. 
Desert; merit.*- a. Meritorious; worthy. — 
De-Banrlng-ly, adv. 

DeB^ka-liUlo' (dSa/&-btlOi n. An undress ; care- 
less toilet. 

Des'lo-oata (dfis'Tk-kSt or dft-sTk'ktt), v.t.&t To 
dry up. — DMdo'oant (-elklumt), a. Drying. 
^n. A medicine or preparation for drymg a 
sore. — DeB^io-oatlon (-ka'shfin), 91. Act of 
desiccating; state of being desiccated. — Da- 
BiG'ca-tlTa (dS-sIkldUtlv), a. Drying. —n. 
An application for drying up secretions. 

De-Bid'er-ata (d^-sTd^r-It). v. t. To feel need of ; 
to want ; to desire.— Be-Bid'or-a-tiTe (-&-tY v^, a. 
Expressing or denoting desire. — n. An object 
of desire. — llDe-Bid^e-ratum ( -sTd't-rS'tfim ), 
n. A thing desired ; a want generally felt. 

De-Blgn' (di^-zin' or -unQt v. t. [Dsszonkd (-zind' 
or -undO; Dbsionino.J To dketch; to draw; 
to plfm ; to project ; to mean. —•«.<. To have 
a purpose; to intend. ^n. A purpose; an in- 
tention ; a plan ; a sketch. — De-BlgIl'0r, n. — 
De-Blgn'ad-ly (-Sd-iy), adv, Bv design; pur^ 
posely. — Dd-Bign'lngi ^ Artful ; schemmg ; 

Dea'lg-nate (dSs^g-nSt), v. t. To pohit out ; to 
indicate ; to name ; to style ; to describe. — 
Des^lg-na'tor (-nS'tSr), n. — Derlg-natlon 
(-na'wiSn), n. A designating or pointing out ; 
an appointment ; a titie ; an appellation. 

De-Biro' (de-sir'), v. t. [Dbsibed (-sirdO ; Dbsis- 
iNo.] To long for ; to covet ; to ask ; to entreat ; 
to request. — n. A wish to obtain something ; 
request; petition; object sought; eagerness; 
longing.— De-Blr'a-ble (-zir'A-bl), c Worthy 
of desire; pleasmg; agreeable. — De-Blr'a-lllO' 

1I6B8, n. — De-Bir'a-Uy, adv. — De-Bir'ooB (-iis), 

Desiring; solicitous; covetous; eager. 


De-Bist' (d^-zTsf or -sisf ), v. i. To cease ; to 
stop ; to forbear. — De-Bist'anoe (-ans), 91. 
Stop; cessation. 

DMk (d6sk), n. A slanting table for writing on ; 
a pulpit. 

Des'O-late (dSs'd-l&t), a. Destitute of inhabit* 
ants; lonely; waste; solitary. ^ (-lat), v. ^ To 
lay waste; to ruin. —DeB'O- late- ly, adv.— 
Des'o-la^ter (-IS^tSr), n.— DeB'o-lation (-la'- 
sh&n), n. A desolating or state of being desola- 
ted ; ruin ; havoc ; sadness ; destitution ; gloom. 

De-spair' (di-spftr'), v. i. [Dbspazbbd (-spfird') ; 
Dbspairino.] To be without hope ; to give up 
expectation; to despond. <— n. Desperation; 
hopelessness. — De-qpalr'ing-ly, adv. 

ft,8,I,o,a,long;&,«,I,6,a, j^ishort; eenftte, tvent, tdM, ttbe^, tnite, cAre, ttna, Ask, ftU, finoli 




D^BpatOll' (dtf-apSchOf V, An, See Dispatch. 

DOB^psr-a'do (dSa'pSr-S'd^), n. A desperate fel- 
low; a madman : a rufBan. 

Das'psr-ate (dSa'pSr-at), a. Beyond hope ; past 
cure ; rash ; headlon : forlorn ; furious ; fran- 
tic. — Des'per-ate-iy, adv. — Des'per-ate-ness, 
n. — Dea'per-a'tion (-a'sh .,n, A despairing ; 
hopelessness; recklessness. 

Dea'pi-ca-ble (dSa^pT-kArbn), a. Fit to be de- 
spised ; contemptible ; vile ; pitiful ; paltry ; 

low; base.— Dea'pl-oa-ble-ness, n.~De8^i- 
ca-bl7t adv. 

De-qplJHK (dS-spizOt V. t, [Dbsfisbd (-spizdO; 
DBsnsnro.] To look upon with contempt; 
to scorn ; to disdain ; to undervalue. 

De-ralte' (d^spif ), n. Malice ; malignity ; spite ; 
defiance. i—prep. In spite of; notwithstand- 
ing. — D^niw'illl (-fvl)t a. Malicious; ma- 
lignant. — De-spite'tal-ly, adv. 

De-apOll' (d$-spoil')t V. t. To spoil ; to strip ; to 
rob ; to bereave. — De-spoll'er, n. — De-SPO'- 
Il-a^on (-spo'll^t'shlin), n. Act of despoiling ; 
state of being despoUed. 

Da-qpond' (d^pSndO. v. i. To give up ; to aban- 
don hope ; to become dispirited or deprecHsed. — 
Dd-apond'ont, a. Hopeless; low-spirited.— 
Da-apond'ent-ly, Da-apond'lng-ly, adv.—'D9- 
spena'enco (-ens), De-apond'en-oy i-eorsf), n. 
State of desponding ; dejection. 

Dei^pOt (dSs^pSt), n. An absolute prince ; a ty- 
rant. — Dea-potHo (-pSt^k), Dea-potlo-al (-i- 
kal), a. Absolute in power ; tyrannical ; arbi- 
tnufy. — Dea-pot'lo-al-ly, adv. — Dea^ttain 
(dSs^pi-tTs'm), n. Power, spirit, or principles 
of a despot ; tyranny ; a government directed 
by a despot. 

Dea'pu-mata (dSs'pfi-mat or d#-spu'-), v. i. To 
throw off impurities ; to form scum ; to foam. 
— Daa'pn-ma'tioil (-mS'shlin), n. Foam ; scum ; 

Daa'dlia-matlon (dSs^wA-mS'shdn or dS'skwA-), 
n. Separation of the cuticle or epidermis in 
flakes or softies ; exfoliation. 

Dea-aert' (dSz-zSrf), n. A service of pastry, 
fruits, etc., after dinner. 

Dea'tlna (dfis'tTn), v. t. [Desttitbd (-tYnd) ; Dbs- 
TiNiMa.J To determine the future condition of ; 
to fix ; to doom ; to decree ; to ordain ; to bind. 
— Daa'tl-nation (-tT-ni'shiin), n. Act of dea- 
tining or appointing ; predetermined end ; place 
or prnnt aimed at. 

Daatl-ny (dSs^tT-nj^), n. Predetermined state; 
fate ; doom. — Dea'tl-nlat, n. A fatalist. 

Dea^tt-tntO (dSs'tT-tfit^, a. In want; needy; poor. 
— Dea'tl-ta'llon (-tu'shfin), n. Utter want. 

Da-atroy' (dfi-stroi'), v. t. [Dkstroysd (-stroidO ; 
Dbstbotihg.] To pull down ; to brculk up the 
structure of ; to demolish ; to ruin ; to aimihi- 
late ; to kiU. — De-atroy'er, n. 

Da-atrootion ( d$ - strtik f shiSn ), n. A destrov- 
ing; overthrow ; havoc ; ruin. — Do-atmoti-ua 
(-tl-b*l), a. Liable to destruction. — Da-atmo'- 

ti-hUI-ty (-hwn-^), Da-atrnom-bla-naaa, n. 
— De-atnurtlve (-strtLk'tlv), a. Causing de- 
struction; deadly; ruinous; mischievous. ^—n. 
One who destroys ; a radical reformer. — Da- 

atmo'tlTa-ly, oav. — Da-atmo^va-naaa, n. 

Daa'na-tada (dSs'w^-tud), n. Disuse ; discontin- 

Daa^-tO-ry (dSs'&l-ti-rj^), a. Leaping from one 
subject to another ; disconnected ; loose. 

Da-tach' (d£-tSch'), v. t. [Dstachbd (-tSchf); 
DsTAcmNG.] To separate ; to disunite ; to dis- 
engace ; to withdraw ; to draw off. — Do-tacll'- 
ment (-ment), n. A separating; a thing de- 
tached ; a body of troops or part of a fleet 
detailed for special service. 

Detail (de'tal or d£-tal'), n. A minute por- 
tion; a particular; a narrative which relates 
minute points ; the selection of a person or com- 
pany for special service. — Da-tall' (d^tal'), v. t. 
To relate in particulars ; to report minutely ; 
to specify ; to appoint for a particular service. 

Da-tam' (d^-tSn'), v. t. To keep back or from ; 
to restrain ; to stop ; to arrest ; to check ; to 
hinder. — Da-tain'OT, n. 

De-taot' (d^-tSkf ), V. ^ To uncover; toflndout; 
to discover ; to expose. — Da-teot'er (-tSkfSr), 
Da-taot'or, n. — Da-teotloii (-tSk'shiin), n. A 
detecting ; discovery. — Da-teot'lva (-tSkfTv), 
a. Fitted for, skilled in, or employed in, de- 
tecting. — 91. A policeman employed to detect 

Da'tont' (d^tfintO* »• That which locks or un- 
locks a movement in machinerv ; a catch con- 
trolling wheelwork in the stnldng part of a 
clock. — Da-tentlon (-tSn'shlin), n. Act of de- 
taining ; confinement ; restraint ; delay. 

Do-ter' ^^-tSr')) V. i. [DsTERBBD (-tSrd') ; Dbteb- 
KiNO.] To prevent by fear ; to hinder. — Da- 
ter'mant, n. Hindrance. — Da-ter^Yant (-tSr^- 
rent or -tSr'rent), a. Serving to deter. ^ n. 
That which deters. 

Da-targe' (di-tSrj'), v. t. [Dbtkbobd (-tSrjdOv 
Detbboino.] Tocleanse. — Da-ter'gant (-tSr'- 
jSnt), a. Cleansing ; purging. — n. A medi- 
cine that cleanses the vessels or skin. — Da-tar'- 
alon (-tSr'sbtLn), n. A cleansing. — Da-tai/aiva 
(-sTv), a. Detergent. 

Da-ta'ri-O-zata (d^-tS'rT-i-ritt), v.t&i. To make 
or become worse. — Da-ta^zi-O-ratlon (-ra'- 
shiin), n. A growing worse. 

Da-ter'mant, n. See under Dbtkb, v. t, 

De-ter'mine (dt-tSr'mTn), v. t. & i. To end ; to 
decide; to resolve. —Da-tar'^lllliad (-mTnd),a. 
Resolute ; decided. — Da-tar'niin-ad-ly (-mm- 
8d-lf or -mTnd-1]^), adv. — Da-tar'nu-na-hle 
(-mi-ni-b'l), a. Capable of being determined. — 
De-ter^mi-nant (-nant), n. That which serves 
to determuie. — Da-ter'ml-nata (-mT-ntt), a. 
Having defined limits ; fixed ; decisive ; positive. 

— De-ter'mi-nate-ly, adv. — Da-ter'mi-natlon 

(-na'shfin), n. A termination ; a decision ; a 
resolution. —Da-ter'ml-na-tlve (-mT-n&-tTv), a. 
Having power to determine ; shaping ; direct- 
ing ; conclusive. 

Da-tar'tent, n. See under Dbter, v. t. 

Da-ter'alon. etc. See under Dktebgb, v. t. 

Da-taat' (de-tSsf), v. t. To hate extremely; to 
abhor ; to abominate ; to loathe. — De - taat ' a • 
ble, a. Abominable ; odious. — Do-taat'a-hly, 
CK^v.- DeVea-tatlonCdSt'fis-ta'shiin or dS^tSa-), 
n. A detesting ; abhorrence ; loathing. 

De-throna' (d$-thr5n'), v. t. To remove or drive 
from a throne ; to depose. — Da-tlirona'moilt, 
n. Removal from a tlm>ne ; deposition. 

Dafl-nne (dStT-nu), n. A person or thing de- 
tained ; a legal action to recover what is wrong- 
fully detained. 

Dat'0-nate (defft-nSt), Det'o-nize (-niz), v. i. & t. 
To explode. — DeVo-na'tioil (-nS'shtin), 91. An 
explosion ; a discharge ; a report. 

(Sin, reoent, Orb, ruda, f ^11, ftm, food, fdbt, out, oil, oliair, go, sinff* iQk, then, thin. 

(-tBr'lbaii), _ 

KlBBI'(dt'l«(ir').>. Atununc; clrcuiliHU route . 
lnwf(dt-trIkCO,c.l.i&<. Toiltuideri todli- 
nrve; to deprecutfl. — D^tnOt'OTi h. — "" 
b»Ot'»-tT(-'*-[ri.o. Defsniuorr i dcrogat 
~ Da-tlM'tloll (tritk'ibtbi), R. Deprecuit 

Mtrrl-mnt (^t^iStunt), n?°I»lu^i dimi 
— Satil-maiitil (-in6ii' 

t«u (dSfil-Oi), a. Out of iiiU^ghtUi 
iBg : Tmgrmnt.-— De^-OU-17, adv. 
I]*-Tll*'(d(-vu';,tJ.l. [I>iyi9ui(-Tiid'):I>i< 

Cte-Vil'ap (dt-v«'«|>), c. (. [DcnLOFui (-CpC). 
Danumxe.] To uncoTer i to U/ open i to dib 

ippuent gndaally. — SB-TSl'op-mait (-i 

- 'a unfolding; ■ dlKloaun; ■ dMa 

Dt-Tlce' {dt'yiW),n. Sclwmo; deugD; CO 
dJ^ '(dS™'l'),™_|jha BvU 
diili t»eflKl wi 

(-fdiOn). n 

ft printer** iLpprunti 

-_ „- -... [DlYILKD (-'Id) 

luna (-*l-Tng) ~ '*^- 

ffrill with pepp 

-DaT-U-fii ^ „ 

hoLuih; niBliolOH.; deitractive. -DWU-Uh- 
IT, adv. — OaVll-tTT (-trj). n- MiMhief. — 
SsT'll-tllll', n. AhuKenyortheGiiUoCHei- 
Ico tad •outfaeiD Atlantic cowti ; the oclopiu ; 

ih), a, DMOUcaS; i 

Jf (M^-^5^ 

lied, or bequeathed. — DcT- 

H (ds"!i'St™ii. "l^ne 
bor. — Di-Tli'or(-«ror 
wi real eitate by viU. 

D»-W1»' (dS-vOt'), ir, i. To appropriate by loi" ; 

Sl-Tlrt'gd. a. Zealoui ; sttached. ~ St-Taf Ml- 
aSBS.B.— D9T'0-tBtf(dSV4-t«'),ti. Onewhoiiy 

Df»;>bi|^— Se^TO^ttm(dt-vS'>hHii),n. A 

■ ibject of'al 

OK(^(d«Wiar),nBiti»l(-tral>,o. Right.M 
oppoHd to linitltr or liffi ; on the right hud. 
—DM-Wr'i-tT (-Mr^-lJ|, n. Bklll; a3r<*tne«: 
eipertneu; tut; (acuity.— DlTlaT-IKU (dSk^- 
tar-Oa), Dsitroni (-trOa), o. Adroit; ddllful; 
clereri ready; apEi handy; Temd.~DBZtlir- 
DU-lT, adv. 

SST (di), «. former title ol the goteraor ot 

Ot'a-VUl (dl't-bStiz), n. A di««« attended 
Kith eiceetiie dlKhuge or urine. — 01'>-b«ta« 
l-bttm), Dl'a-lMtaD-kl (-I-kal), a. Pertaining 
la, or afflicted vith, dlabetei. 

Sl'lr-blllla (di'iUbeilh), Dl'a-ml'lO-tl (I-kol). o. 
Pertaining to the deill; inlemal; atrocioua; 
nerarioua. —Sl'lrlMl'lo-Kl-lT. adv. 

Dl-U'0-ul <'t-nal), 1. Pertaining to a dea- 
con. — Dl-IO'a-IuU i-ntt), n. The office ol a 

Dl'a-oonitla (di'i-ki 

., .hiB8iTk),a. 

diaconitici. ~ Bi'l-^OIU^CI*, n. 
■ pauhig througi 

flim (di'i.dSm), n. An amamental fUlet; 

e rooeeflflli or angler. a crown. 

'db. Adrago^y. Dl-Wull {MtrtiHt), BUg^llfc "■ A mark 





[•*] over the second of two adjacent vowels, 
showing that they are pronounced separately. 

Dl'ag-no'SiS (di'Sg-nS'sIs), n. The determina- 
tion of a disease by its symptoms. 

Di-ag'O-nal (dt-Sg'ft-nal), a. Passing from one 
angle to another not adjacent. 
— n. A diagonal line. — Dl- 

ag'o-iial-Iy, adv. 
Dl'a-gram (di'A grSm ), n. A 
mathematical outline, figure, 
or drawing. 


Di'al (di'al), n. A graduated plate showing the 
time of day by the shadow of the sun or hands 
of a timepiece. — v. t. [Dialbd (-aid) or Di- 
▲LLSD ; DiAUNO or Dialling.] To measure or 
survey with a dial. — Di'al-lng, n. The art of 
constructing dials; the science of measuring 
,time, or method of surveying, by use of dials. 

Dl'a-lect ( di ' & - 16kt ), fi. Means of expressing 
thoughts; language; idiom; speech. — Dl'^a- 
IM'UC (-ISk'tTk), Di'a-leomo-al (-tT-kal), a. 
Pertaining to a dialect, also to dialectics ; log- 
ical ; argumental. — Di'a-lOO'tlOB (-ISk'tlks), n. 
Logic. — Dl'a-loo-ti'oian (-16k-tTsh'an), n. A 
l<^cian ; a reasoner. 

Dl'a-logne (di'&-15g), n. Conversation between 
two or more. 

Di-am'e-tor (dt-Sm't-tSr), n. A right 
line through the center of a circle, 
etc., dividing it into two equal 
parts. — Di'a-metMo (di'&-met^- 
rTk), Di'a-meVrlC-al (-rT-kal), a. 
Belonging to a diameter ; directly 
adverse. — Dl^a-mefrio-al-lT, adv. 




Dl'a-mond (di'&-mfind 01' di^mtlnd), n. A gem or 
precious stone, extremely hard and bril- 
liant ; a geometrical figure otherwise called 
rhombus or lozenge ; a playing card, bear- 
ing the fignire of a diamond ; a very small 
kind of type. 

i^ Thia line ia printed in tb« type ««ll«d Diamoicd 

Dl'a-pa'son (di'&-pS'z5n or -s5n), n. An octave 
in music ; harmony ; a stop in an organ. 

Di'a-per (di'&-pSr), n. Figured linen cloth for 
towels, napkins, etc. ; an infant*s breechcloth. 
—V. t. To ornament (cloth, etc.) with figures ; 
to put a diaper on (a child). 

Dl-apb'a-noiLI (dt - Sf ' & - n&s), a. Transparent ; 

Dl'a-pho-retlO (di'&-f &-r8tTk), a. Promoting per- 
spiration ; sudorific, '—n. Medicine to promote 

Dra-piuagm (dI'&-frSm), n. A muscle separating 
the chest from the abdomen ; the midriff ; a thin 

Di'a-riSt (di'i-rTst), n. One who keeps a diary. 

Di'ar-rhe'a (di^ar-r6'&), Di'ar-rlltt'a, n. A mor- 
bidly frequent evacuation of the intestines. — 
Di'ar-rlieriO (-rStak), Di'ar-rllttriO, a. Pro- 
ducing diarrhea ; purging. 

Di'a-ry (di'&-rj^), n. A register of dailv events. 

Dl'a-ton'iO (di'&-t5n^k), a. Proceeding from 
tone to tone ; pertaining to the musical 
scale ofeight tones, the eighth of which 
is the octave of the first. 

Di'a-trilM (di'&-trib), n. A continued 
discourse ; an invective. 

DibOlle (dYb'bl), n. A tool to make holes 
for planting seeds, etc. —v. t. To plant 
with a dibble ; to make holes for plant- 
ing. — V. i. To dip, as in angling. 



Dice (dis), »., fi. of Ddb. Small cubes, with 
numbered sides ; a game played 
with them. — v. t. To play with 
dice. i^v. «. To ornament with 
dice. — Discing (di'sYng), n. 
Gambling or ornamenting with 
dice. — Di'cer (di'sSr), n. 

Dick'ens (dTk'Snz), n. The devQ; — used as a 
vulgar interjection. 

Dick'or (dTk^r), n. Chaffering ; exchange of 
small wares. ^ v. i. [Digkkbsd (-Srd) ; Dick- 
ering.] To barter. lU. 5.1 

Dick'ey (dTk'j^), Diok'y, n. A servant's seat be- 
hind a carriage ; a false shirt bosom or collar. 

Dictate (dTk'tatj, v. t. & i. To say or utter 
(words, etc.), for another to write out; tode* 
liver (commands) with authority ; to prescribe ; 
to enjoin. ^^ n. A command ; a rule ; a princi- 
le ; an impulse ; an admonition. — DiO-tatl<ni 
dyk-ta^shiin), n. Act of dictating or prescribing. 
— DiC-ta'tor (-tSr), n. One who dictates ; one 
invested with absolute authority. — Dlo-tator- 
Slllp, n. The office, or term of office, of a dic- 
tator. — DiO'ta-tCrl-al (dTk'tA-tS'rT-al), a. A^>- 
solute ; imperious ; dogmatical ; overbearing. 
— Dlo'ta-to'rl-al-ly, adv. 

Diction (dik'shfin), n. Choice of words; man- 
ner of expression; style; phraseology. — Dlo'- 
tion-a-ry (-shCln-t-TJ^), n. A book in which 
words are explained ; a lexicon ; a vocabulary. 

llDictnm (dTk^tfim), n. ; pi. L. Dicta (-ti), K 
DiGTUMs (-tiimz). An authoritative saying. 

Did, imp. of Do, V. 

Di-dao^o (dY-dSk'tTk), Di-daomo-al (-tT-kal), a. 
Fitted or inclined to teach ; suitable for instruc- 
tion.— Di-dactiO-al-ly, adv. 

Didst (dTdst), 2d pert. sing. imp. of Do. 

Die (di), V. i. [Died (did) ; Dying.] To lose life ; 
to expire ; to vanish. 

Die (di), n. A small cube used in gaming Ipl, 
Dice (dis)] ; a metallic stamp for coining, cut- 
ting screws, etc [p/. Dies (diz)]. 

Di-er'e-lis, n. Same as Dlsbesib. 

Di'et (di'St), n. Habitual food ; victuals ; food 
suited to one's state of health. '—'V.t.&i. [Di< 
ETBD ; Dieting.] To feed ; to eat and drink 
sparingly, or by r\ile. — Dl'et-a-ry {-t-rf), a. 
Pertaining to diet, or rules of diet. — n. A rule 
of diet ; an Ulowance of food. 

Di'et (di'fit), n. A legislative assembly In some 
European countries ; a convention ; a council. 

Differ (differ), V. i. [Ddvereo (-fSrd) ; Ditfeb- 
ING.] To disagree ; to be unlike or discordant ; 
to quarrel. — Dif f er-«lt (-«nt), a. Unlike ; dis- 
tinct. — Dif ' f er - ent - ly, adv. — Dif ' ler - enoe 
(-ens), n. The act or state of differing ; dissim- 
ilarity; variation; variety; disagreement; dis- 
sension ; variance ; dispute ; quarrel ; strife. ^ 
V. t. To cause to differ ; to make different ; to 
distinguish. — Dif f er-ential (-Sn'shal), a. Cre- 
ating a difference ; discriminating ; special. 

Dlffi-cnlt (dTf^n-k&lt), a. Hard to do or d<^ 
with ; painful ; perplexed ; laborious ; austere ; 
rigid.— Dif 'fi-<nilt-ly,adv.— Dif 'fi-cul-ty 
(-kfil-tj^), n. The state of being difficult; a 
perplexity; distress; trouble; trial. 

DUfi-dont (dTf'fT-d«nt), a. Wanting confidence 
in one's self ; timid ; reserved. — Dufi-dent-lyt 
rr^ff. — Diffi-denoe (-dens), n. 

Dif-fnae' (dTf-fuz')t <'• *• & *- [DimrsED (-f uzd') ; 
Diffusing.] To expand ; to spread ; to spend ; 

2ini« recent, drb, r||de, f vU* ftni, fdbd| f <A>t, out, oUy otaair, go, sins, i||k, tbeni tbin. 
H. 8. Diet.- 




towMte; to dLroerae; to pnbliBb.— (dTf-fua^, 
a. Widely spread ; copioas ; verbose ; prolix. — 
Dif-fnae'lT, adv. — DU-fua'AMNm n. — Dif- 
la'8l-ble (-fu'zl-b*l), a. Capable of being dif- 
fused ; dilfuaive. — DU-fn'sl-Ull-ty (-bm-ty), 
IM2-fn'ii-b]#-]iess, n. ->DU-fn'slon (-shOn). n. 
A spreadinff ; dioaemination ; disperdon. — oif- 
la^liT* ( -bTv ), a. Spreading widely ; copious. 
— Dif-fn'8lve-l7, adv. — Dif-fo'iive-neis, n. 

Die (dig), v.i.&i. [Duo (dfig) or Diocsd (dlgd) ; 
DioaiNaJ To turn up with a spade ; to exca- 
vate. — Sif'fer (-ger), n. 

Di-jrest' (dl-^f), v.t.&L To arrange methodic- 
ally; to dissolve In the stomach. — Di'gMrt 
(di'jfist), n. A collection of laws; a compen- 
dium ; a summary ; an abridgment. — Di-gest'- 
«r (-j«st^r), n. — Di-gest1-lle (-jJat^-bn), a. 
Gapiable <d being digested. — Dl - gast ' 1 - ue- 
hbss, Di-gosM-Ml'f-ty (-T-bTiT-tf), n. — Dl- 
gea'ttOII C-jSs'chQn), ». The process of digest- 
mg. — Di-cest'lve (-jfist^v), a. Causing to 
digest ; producing or pertaining to d^restion. 

Dlgat (dYjIt), n. A finger ; three fourths of an 
inch ; one of the ten figures, 0, 1, 2, eto. ; a 12th 
part of the diameter of the sun or moon. — 

. DiC^-tal (-Y-tol), a. Pertaining to digits. 

DiM'ni-tf (dTg'nT-fi), V. t. [DuHnvBD (-fid) ; 
l>iainmNa. J^ To invest with dignity or honor ; 
to give distmction to; to exut. — Dlg^-ty 
(-tV), n. Elevation ; h<Miorable rank ; nobility. 
— Dlf /Ini-ta-ryC-ta-rf), n. One of exalted rank. 

Di'gnjui (di'gr&f), n. Two letters expressing one 

Dl-gr»S8' (dt-grgsO, v. i. [Diorbssed (-griW/) ; 
D10RB8SINO.I To turn aside, or from, the main 
subject ; to deviate ; to wander. — Dl-gimi'lion 

i-gr6sh'ttn), n. Deviation.— Dl-CTMS'ive 
-grfis'Iv), a. Tending to digress. — Dl-greis'- 
ve-ly, adv. 

Dlkd (dik), n. A ditoh ; bank ; mound of earth. 
— 9. ^ [DncRD (dikt) ; Doeihg.] To surround, 
protect, or drain by a dike. 

Dl-lapa-dat6 (dl-lSpT-dat), V. t. To bring into 
decay or ruin by misuse or neglect. — v. %. To 
get out of repair ; to go to ruin. — Dl-lap'l-da'- 
uon (-dS'shun), n. Waste; ruin. 

Di-late' (dT-laf or dt-lat'), v. t. & i. To expand ; 
to enlarge ; to swelL — Dl-laVa-ble (-IS^ti-bn), 
a. Capable of expansion. — Dil'a-ta'tlon {dtV- 
A-tS'shOn), Di-Umon (dT-la'shtln or dt-), n. 
Expansion. —Dl-laVer (-er), or Di-Uf or, n. 

Dil'a-tO-zy (dTl'&-ti-rj^), a. Inclined to procras- 
tinate ; slow ; sluggish ; tardy. — Dil'B-tO-rl-ly 
(-rl-iy), adv. — Dil^a-to-ri-noM, n. 

Dl-lsm'^ (dT-16m%i& or dt-), n. A perplexing 
state or alternative ; a difficult choice. 

Dll'et-tanr (dYl'St-tanf), a. Amateur. — (dtl'- 
8t-tSnf ), n. A dilettante. — ||Dll'et-tan^e (dTl'- 
6t-tSn'tt or dPlAt-tAa^tt), n. An admirer of 
the fine arte ; an amateur ; one who follows art 
without serious purpose, or for amusement only. 

Dll'i-geiioe (dTlT-jens), n. Quality of being dU- 
igent; industry. 

IIDrli-ganM' {di^t-zbSbxaOi n. A French stage- 

Dil'i-gtnt (dni-j«nt), a. Steady in application 
to business; assiduoua; persevering; atten- 
tive; careful.— Dil'i-gent-iy, <Kfv. 

DIU (dTl), n. An herb, having aromatic seeds. 

DUay-daiay (dYiny-dffl/iy), v. i. To loiter ; to 
trifle ; to waste tune. 

Dll^-ant (dn^-ent), a. Diluting; maUng fhin 
or weak by admixture.— n. That which dilutes ; 
a medicine for thinning the Uood. 

Di-lnte' (dMutO, v. t.&u To thin, by mixture 
with something, —a. Thin; attenuated; re* 
duced in strength. — Di-ln'tlllll (-In'shfin), n. 
A diluting or being diluted ; a weak liquid. 

Di-luM-al (dMSM-al), Dl - 111 ' Ti - an {-an), a. 
Pertaining to, or caused bv, a deluge. — Dl-w- 
Yi-nm (-am), n. A deposit of loam, sand, peb* 
bles, etc., by action of the sea. 

Dim (dTm), a. tDmnxB; Dimhbt.I Not dear; 
obscure ; dulL ^ v. t. [DoaiBD (aTmd) ; Dm- 
HiNO.] To cloud ; to darken ; to sully. — Dimly, 
<ufv. — Dlm'naBB, n.— Dllk'miSll, a. Some- 
what dim; indistinct. 

Dime (dun), n. An American silver coin, the 
tenth of a dollar, worth ten cents. 

Dl-moi'sion (dT-mSn'shtin), 91. Sice ; capacity. 

Dl-mid1-at6 (dl-mTdnr-tt), a. Divided into two 
equal iMurts. ^ (-St), v. U To halve. 

Di-min'iall (dT-mTnash), v.t.&i. [Ddhbibbsd 
(-Tsht) ; DDmnsHDro.] To decrease ; to lessen ; 
to reduce. — Di-mln^l8]l-a-1lle (-A-bU), a. — 
Dlm'i-nntlon (dlm'T-nu'shfin), n. A maUng or 
growing smaller ; decrease : decay ; abasement. 
^Di-mlnM-tlTa (dY-mTn'd-tTv), a. Of small 
size; minute; little. *-n. A noun, denoting a 
small or a young object of the same kind with 
that denoted by some other noun. — Dl-mlofB- 
tiv0-ly, adv. — Di-mln'v-tiTa-iiais, ft. 

Dlm'UhlO-ry (dTmls-si-rj^), a. Sending away; 
dismissing to another junsdiction. 

Dlm'i-ty (^m1-t^), n. A cotton cloth, plain or 

Dimly, Dlmfmlsh, eto. See under Dim. a. 

Dlm'yle (dYm'p'l), n. A slight depression, esp. 
on the cheek or chin.— v. i. & t. [Dixplbd 
(-pUd) ; DiMFLiBG.] To form (dimples). 

Dm (din), n. A loud noise ; a racket ; a clamor. 
—V. U [DnnnBD (dTnd) ; DnniiHo.] To strike 
with confused sound ; to stun with noise. 

Dlno (din), V, i. [Dihsd (dind); Dimxng.] To 
eat dinner. — • v. t. To give a dinner to. 

Ding (dTnff), V. i. [DraaxD (dTngd) ; Dmaino.] 
To sound, as a bell ; to ring ; to tinkle. <—' n. 
Stroke of a belL — Dlng'doi^ (dTng'dSng'), n. 
Sound of bells ; a repeated monotonous sound. 

Dln'gvy (dTn'gj^), Dln'gy, Dln'ghy, n. An East 
India boat^ a ship's smallest boat. 

Dln'gle (dTn'gU), n. A valley between hills. 

Dln'gy (dTn'jf), o. Soiled; of a dusky color; 
dun. — Dln'n-n«Hm n. 

Dln'ner (dTn'ner), n. The principal meal of the 
day ; a feast. 

Dint (dTnt), n. A mark left by a blow ; a dent. -> 
V. t. To make a small cavity on, by a blow w 
by pressure. 

Dl'O-oeie (di'6-sSs), n. District in which a bishop 
exercises ecclesiastical authority. — Di-OC'e-san 
(dt-Qs't-san or di'i-se^son), a. Pertaining to a 
diocese. *-n. A bishop. 

Dl-optllo (dt.»p^Ik), Dl-OPtllo-al (-trl-kfll), a. 
Assisting vision bv refraction of light ; relating 
to dioptrics.— Dl-optXl08, n. The science of 
the refraction of light. 

Dl'e-za'ma (dPi-rik'm& or -riCmA), n. An exhi- 
bition of a pointing seen from a distance through 
a large opening. 

Dip (dip), V. t. [DiFPBD (dTpt) or Dipt ; Dippnro.] 
To plunge; to immerse. ^^ v. i. To immerse 

fit 9,1,9,11, long; &,6,i,ft,ii, j^,shorts senftto. 9vent, tdea, 6bey, llnite, cAre, ttrm. 




one's self ; to penetrate ; to enter slightty ; to 
incline downward. *- n. The action of dipping 
or plunging; slope; pitch; a dipped candle, 
— made by dippii^ a wick in melted tallow. — 
Dlpfper, n. One who, or that which, dips ; a 
ladle for dipping water ; a diving bird. 

DtolL-tbeTl-a (dlf-the'rT-A or dip-), n. An epi- 
demic disease in which the tluroat becomes 
coated with a false membrane. — DlplL-tliell- 
al (-rT-al), DiplL-tlier'io (-thSr^Tk), Diph'tlie- 
Xlt'iO (-th#-rTfik), a. Pertaining to, or resem- 
bling, diphtheria. 

DlplLthong (dTf'thSng or dYp'-), ». Union of 
two vowels in one sound or syllable. — DlplL- 
tlum^gal (dTf-thSn'gal or dTp-), a. Belonging 
to, or consisting of, a diphthong. 

Dl-pU/ma (dT-plS'mA), n. A writing conferring 
some authority, privilege, or honor ; a record 
of a literary degree. — Di-plo'ma-oy (-m4-8]^), 
n. The art of conducting negotiations between 
nations; dexterity; skill; tact. — Dlplo-mat 
(dYp'lft-mXt), Dip'lO-mate (-m&t), n. One 
skilled in diplomacy ; a diplomatist. — Dlp^l#- 
mario (-mXt^k), Dlp'lo-mat'io-al (-T-kal), a. 
Pertaining to a diploma, to diplomacy, or to 
diplomatics. — Dlplo-matlGS, n. The science 
of diplomas, or art of reading ancient writings, 
etc. ; paleography. — Di-plO'aLa-tlst(dY-pl5'&iA- 
tTst), n. One skilled in diplomacy. 

Dip'pOT (dTp^pSrJI, 91. See under Dip, v. t. 

D^SO-ma'ni-a ( dTp'si-ma'nT-& ), n. A morbid 
craving for intoxicating drink. — Dip'SO-Xlia'- 
ni-ao ^Sk), n. One thus afflicted ; an mebriate. 

Dire (dlr), a. Dreadful; horrible; terrible. — 
Dlrely, adv. — Dire^noas, n. — Dtre'fiiK-fvti)* 
a. Dire ; calamitous. — Dira'flll-ly, adv, — 
Dire^fnl-iiasa, n. 

Dl-roet' (dl-r6kt/), a. Straight ; sincere ; right ; 
immediate; absolute.— v. t. & i. To aim; to 
guide ; to lead ; to conduct ; to dispose ; to or- 
der; to command. — Dl-xaot'ly, adv. — Dl- 
xeotfOMHI, ». — Dl-root1ve (-Tv), a. Able or 
tending to direct, guide, or govern. — Dl-XOOt'- 

' er, Dl-xaot'or (4lr), n. One who directs or 
governs ; a superintendent. — Di - not ' - zat6 
(-i-rtt), Di-reot'or-ahlp, n. The office of a di- 
rector; a body of directors. — Di-raot'0>Z7 
(-ft-rj^), a. Tending to direct ; containing direc- 
tions. — fi. A collection of directions or rules ; 
a guide book ; a book giving names and resi- 
dences of the inhabitants of a place ; a body of di- 
rectors. — Di-xaofroaa (-rSs), n. A woman who 
directs or manages. — Di-IM-te'rl-al (-r6k-t5'- 
rT-al), a. Serving for direction ; pertaining to a 
director or directory. — Di-rwKtlon (-rfik'shtin), 
n. A directing, aiming, or ordering ; guidance ; 
superintendence ; oversight ; control ; address 
of one to whom anything is sent ; body of per- 
sons charged with man^g^g any afCsir. — Dl- 
rootlva (-tYv). a. Informing ; showing the way. 

Dire^tal (dir'fyl), etc. See under Dxbb, a. 

Dirge (derj), n. A funeral song. 

Dira (dSrk), n. A kind of dagger. — v. <. To stab. 

Dirt (dSrt), n. Foul or filthy substance ; earth ; 
mud; mire. ^ v. /. To make filthy. — Dirt^ 
(dSr't^), a. [DntTiKK ; Dismsr.] Defiled with 
dirt; base; filthy; foul. •— v. i. To foul; to 
make filthy ; to soil ; to tarnish ; to sully. — 
Dirtl-ly, adv. Foully ; nastUv. — Dirt'i-neaa, n. 

Dia-a'ble (dYs-a'b'l), v. t. {Dkashxd (-bUd); 
DiSABUNG (-blTng).] To render unable; to 

deprive of power ; to disqualify ; to incapacitate. 
— Dla'a-Wl'l-lrtr (dTs/i-blXa-tj^), n. Want of 
power or qualification ; inability. 

Dwa-hnao' (dls'^-buz'), v. t. To undeceive ; to 
set right. 

DU^ao-Cliatom (dls^Sk-kCLs'tilm), v. t. To render 

Dia'ad-vantace (dTs'Sd-v&n'ttj), n. Loss ; det- 
riment ; hurt ; damage. — Dift-ad^TaXL-ta'geoiUI 
(dYs-Sd^van-ta'jKs), a. Inconvenient ; prejudi- 
cial ; detrimental. — DiS-ad'van-ta'gOOIia-ly, 
adv. — Dia-ad^van-ta'gBBOiia-iieaa, n. 

Dia^al-feof (dls'Sf-fSkt/), v. t. To make less 
friendly; to alienate; to disorder. — Dla'af- 
feomon (-fSk'shiin), n. Dislike; disgust; ill 
will; disloyalty; hostility. 

Dla'af-fixm' (dTs'Sf-fSrm'), v. L To deny ; to con- 
tradict; to annul. 

Dla'a-area' (dTs'a-greM, v, i. [Dibaobkbd 
(-gredO ; Duaobxbino.] To fail to accord ; to 
fad to agree ; to differ ; to vary ; to dissent. 

— Dla^a-gree'a-hle (-grS'i-b'l), a. Contrary; 
unsuitable ; offensive ; displeasing. — Dla^a- 
gree'a-blA-neaa, n^ — Dia'a-gree-alily, adv, 

— Dla'a-gree^ment (-m«nt), n. Difference; 
discrepancy; dissent; jar; wrangle; discord. 

Dla^al-lOW' (dTs'Sl-lou'), v. t. To refuse to allow 
or sanction ; to reject ; to condemn. -~ t;. t. 
To refuse permission.— Dia'al-lOW'ancaC-ans), 
n. Disapprobation; censure; rejection. 

Dto-aal-mate (dTs-XnI-mat), v. t. To deprive of 
spirit ; to dishearten ; to deject. 

Dwaa-nnl' (dls'fin-nfil'), v. t. To annul ; to nul- 

Dla^ap-peax' (dls^p-perO, v. «'. [Dxsaffbabbd 
(-perd'); Disafpeabino.] To vanish from 
sight; to cease to be. — Dla'ap-pear'ance 
(-per'ans), n. Act of disappearing ; vuiishing. 

Dla^ap-point' (dIs'Sp-poinf), v. i. To defeat of 
expectation or hope ; to fail ; to frustrate ; to 
balk; to delude; todefeat.— Dia'ap-potnt'- 
ment (-ment), n. Defeat or failure of expec- 
tation; frustration; balk. 

Dla^ap-proTe' (dTs'Sp-proovO,v. /. [DisAPPBoysD 
(-pr55vd0; Disapfbovino.] To censure ; to dis- 
allow. — Dia'ap-prov'al (-prSSv'ol), Dia-ap'- 
pro-lMitloil (•Sp'pri-ba'sh&n), n. Act of disap- 
proving ; dislike.— Dis'ap-pzeY'inE-ly, adv. 

Dla-arm' (dTs-Krm' or diz-), v. t. To deprive of 
arms or of means or disposition to harm. — 
Dla-ann'a-ment (-&-ment), n. A disarming. 

Dla'ar-range' (dTs^Sr-i&ij'), v. t. To put out of 
order.-— Dla^ar-rangelaeilt (-ment), n. Con- 
fusion; disorder. 

Dia'ar-ray' (dTs'Sr-rSO, v. t. [ihsABSATSD 
(-rad'); Disakratino.] To throw into disor- 
aer ; to undress ; to unrobe. — n. A want of 
order; confusion; undress; dishabille. 

Dia-as'ter (dIz-Ss'tSr), n. An unfortunate event ; 
calamity; mishap; mischance. — DiS-aatrona 
(-trlis), a. Unfortunate; calamitous. — Dia- 

aatrona-ly, adv. 

Dla^a-YOW' (dTs'&-vou'), v. t. [Disavowed 
(-voud') ; DisAvowiNO.] To deny knowledge 
of ; to disclaim ; to disown ; to disallow. — Dla'- 
a-yow'al (-al), n. Disclaimer ; denial. 

Dia-lMUld' (dts-bSndOf v. t. & i. To retire from 
military service ; to break up organization. — 
Dia-lMUldlaint (-ment), n. A disbanding. 

Dlal)e-Uer (dTs^be-lef), n. A disbelieving ; de- 
nial of belief; error. — Dis'lia-lieve' (-b$-lSv'), 

fSm, recent, Orb, r^de, f^^ ftrn, f<>od, i<A>t, out, oil, cliair, g;o, siny, i||k, then, thin* 




V. L To discredit ; to refuse to credit. — Dla^- 
lM-ll0T'or(dTaa>^lSv'8r),n. An unbeliever ; an 

Dls-bOW'el (dTs-bou'el), v. t. To take out the 
intestines of ; to disembowel ; to eyiscerate. 

IMs-lniX'deB (dIfr-bQr'd'n), v. t. & i. To ease of 
a burden ; to unburden ; to relieve. 

DiJhtmnt^ (dTs-bfirs'), v. t. To pay out ; to ex- 
pend.— Du-bVIM^tnt (-ment), n. Act of 
paying out ; money spent. 

DuCt n. See Disk. 

DlS'Oant (dts'kant), n. See Dbscant, n. 

DiA^ard' (dTs-kSrdO, v. t. & i. To cast off or 
dismiss; to dischau^ ; to reject. --n. Act of 
discarding ; card discarded. 

Dl>-0«ni' (dTz-sSm'), V. t. & i. [Discerhxd 
( - s8md ' ) ; Disckrnimo.I To perceive ; to dis- 
cover ; to penetrate ; to cuscriminate ; to judge. 
— DlS-oem'1-blA (-I-b'l), a. Perceptible ; appa- 
rent ; evident ; manifest.— DiS-oezn'l-Me-noss, 
n. — Dls-o«nL'l-bl7, adv. — Di8-c«ni'liig, a. 
Acute ; shrewd ; sagacious. — DiS-Gem'lllg-ly, 
adv. — DlS-oem'btnt (-ment), n. Judgment; 
discrimination ; penetration ; sagacity. 

DU - OlUXf 6 ' ( dTs - chSrj ' ), v. t. [DiscRABaxD 
(-chSrjd') ; DiscHASomo.J To dismiss ; to un- 
load ; to give forth ; to utter ; to fire. — v. t . To 
throw o£F a charge or burden, —-n. Dismissal ; 
release ; unloading ; explosion. 

DiS-Oi'ple (dls-si'p'l), n. A learner ; a pupil ; an 
adherent ; a supporter. — DU - Ci ' pi* - 8Aip> n. 
State of a disciple. 

Dll'Oi-pllne (dls'sI-plTn), n. Treatment suited 
to a disciple or learner ; education ; training ; 
correction; chastisement. ^v. ^ [Disczflihko 
(-plTnd) ; Disciplinino.] To educate ; to develop 
by exercise ; to bring under control ; to correct ; 
to chastise; to punish.— DiS'Ci-plln-a-ble 
(-plTn-&-b*l), a. Capable or deserving of being 
disciplined. — Dlfl'Ol-plln-a'ri-an (-S'rT-an), a. 
Pertaining to discipline or government ; in- 
tended for discipline. ^ n. One who enforces 
discipline; a severe trainer. — Dis'ol-plln-a-ry 
(-ft-rf), a. Disciplinarian. 

Dls-olaUl' (dTs-klam'), v. t. & i. Disclaimsd 
(-klSmd') ; Disclaimino.] To disown : to deny ; 
to renounce ; to repudiate. — Dls-Olaim'er, n. 
One who disclaims ; an explicit disavowal. 

DlS-OlOSa' (dTs-kl5z'), V. t. [DiscLOSKD (-klSzd') ; 
Disclosing.] To unclose ; to uncover ; to dis- 
cover ; to reveal ; to tell ; to utter. ^ v. i. To 
open ; to gape. — Dis-oll/Blire (-klS'zhdr), n. 
Revelation ; exposure. 

DiS'COid (dTsHcoid), DiS-OOld'al (dTs-koid'al), a. 
Having the form of a disk. 

DiS-OOl'or (dTs-kttl'Sr), v. t. [Disoolo&ed (-Srd) ; 
DucoLORiNO.I To alter the color of ; to stain ; 
to tinge. — DlB-COror-a'tlon ( - a ' shiin ), n. A 
change of color ; a stain. 

DlM)Oni'£Lt (dTs-klim'fTt), v. t. [DisooMnTBD ; 
DiscoMFrriNO.] To scatter in fight ; to discon- 
cert ; to overthrow. <— n. Rout ; overthrow ; 
discomfiture. — DlS-OOmfi-tnre (-fl-tur), n. A 
discomfiting; defeat; frustration. 

Dls-oom'fort (dTs-kfim'fert), n. Want of com- 
fort ; uneasiness ; inquietude. ^ v. t. To dis- 
turb ; to mi^e uncomfortable. 

DU'OOm-mode' (dTs'kQm-modQ, v. t. To put to 
inconvenience ; to incommode ; to annoy. 

Dls^ocm-posa' (dTs^kSm-pozQ, V. t. To disar- 
range ; to unsettle ; to disturb ; to ruffle ; to fret ; 

to vex ; to displace. — DU^Oom-po'Bim (dtt'- 
k8m-p5'ih6r), n. Disorder ; agitation ; peitor- 

Dis'con-oaxt^ (dTs^kSn-sSrf), v. t. To discom- 
pose ; to abash ; to confuse ; to frustnite. 

Dwoon-lieot' (dTs^kSn-nfikt'), v. i. To dissolve 
the union or connection of ; to separate ; to sever. 
— DlS'OOn-]lOOtlon(-nek'shiin),n. Separation; 
want of union. 

DlSHMin'80-late (dTs-kSn'si-ltt), a. Destitute of 
comfort or consolation ; dejected ; melancholy. 
— Dia-oon'ao-lat0-l7, adv. — DlaHwn'ao-lato- 
HMS, n. 

DUKCOn-tailt' (dTsOcSn-tSnt/), n. Want of con- 
tent; uneasiness ; dissatisfaction. ^^ v. t. To 
make uneasy; to disquiet. — Dis'COn-tent', 
DU^Otn-tent'od (-tSnfed), a. Dissatisfied ; mat- 
content. — Dis'con-tont'ad-ly, adv. — Dis^oon- 
tanfad-nesa, n. — Dla'oon-tent'BLent (-ment), 
n. Uneasiness; inquietude. 

Dia'fMin-tln'lie (dTs^KQn-tTn'fi), V, t. & i. To put 
or leave o£F ; to stop. — Dia'GOn-tln'll-ailoa (-6- 
ons), Dia'OOn-tln'n-a'tlon (4t'shlin), n. Ces- 
sation ; Interruption ; disunion ; disruption. — 
DU^COn-tln'n-ona (-u-iis), a. Not continuous ; 
interrupted ; broken up. — Dis-COIl'tl-nn'l-ty 
(dTs-kSn'tT-nu^-tj^), n. Separation of parts; 
want of cohesion. 

DlS'GOrd' (dTs'kdrd')t n. Want of concord ; va- 
riance ; dissension ; strife ; clashing ; disso- 
nance. — Dia^ord'ant (dTs-k8rd'ant), a. In- 
consistent ; disagreeing ; inharmonious ; harsh ; 
jarring. — Dis-oord'ant-ly, adv. — Dla-oord'- 
ant-neaa, Dia-cord'anoe (-ans), Dia^ord'an-cy 

(-an-6j^), n. Discord ; inconsistency. 

Dia'OOTmv (dTs'kount' or dTs-kounf),'t'. t. To de- 
duct from an account, debt, charge, etc. ; to 
abate ; to lend money upon, deducting the dis- 
count or allowance for interest. ^ v. i. To lend 
money, abatii^ the discount. — Dia'coimt (dTs'- 
kount), n. Deduction ; allowance taken off (an 
account, debt, price asked, etc.); act of dis- 
counting. — Dia-connt'a-ble (-kounV&rb'l), a. 
Suitable to be discounted. 

Dia-OOnnte-naxiGe (dYs-koun'tt-nans), v. t. To 
put to shame ; to abash ; to discourage. *- n. 
Disfavor ; disapprobation. 

Dla-oonr'age (dTs-kfirraj), v. t. [Discoubaobd 
(-ajd) ; DiscouRAOiMO (-a-jTng).] To dishearten ; 
to dispirit ; to deject ; to dissuade ; to discoun- 
tenance. —Dia-COnr'age-a-ble (-&-b*l), a. Capa- 
ble of being discouraged. — Dia-conr'age-mant 
(-ment), n. Act of discouraging ; that which dis- 
courages; dejection. 

DlS-OOnrae' (dTs-kSrs'), n. Conversation ; talk ; 
sermon ; treatise. ^ v. i. [Discoursed (-k5rst') ; 
DiscouRSiNO.] To converse ; to talk. — v. t. To 
utter ; to give forth. 

Dla-oonr^te-ona (dTs-kfirtt-tts), a. Uncivil : rude. 
— Dia-oonr'ta-ciia-ly, adv. — Dia-conr'te-oiifl- 
neaa, Dla-oonr'te-ay (-sj^), n. Want of cour- 
tesy; rudeness; incivility. 

Diac'coa (dTs^ktis}, a. Disk-like ; circular, wide, 
and fiat ; discoia. 

Dla-CCV'er (dts-kfiv'er), «. /. [DiscovEBBD(-erd)| 
DisGOVBRiKO.] To expose to view; to make 
known ; to disclose ; to exhibit ; to show ; to tell *. 
to detect ; to invent. — Dis-COT'er-a-Ue (-Sr- 

4-bn), a.— Dia-cffv'er-er (-Sr-Sr), n — Dia-cov'- 
•r-y (-8r-^), n. A finding out ; a making known ; 
a revelation ; an invention. 

fii 9, 1, 5, a, long ;&,«,!, d, tt, yi "bort ; senftte, tvent, tdea, 6bey , finite, cftre, ifcrm, ask, |pl, final, 




DUHSXedIt ( dTs-kr6dTt ), n. A want of credit ; 
di&repute; distrust; reproach.^ v. ^. To refuse 
to credit ; to disbelieve ; to deprive of credibility 
or of good repute.— Dia-€red'it-a-1)le (-&-bU), 
a. Injurious to reputation ; disgraceful. 

Dia-cre0t' (dTs-krSt'), a. Prudent; sagacious; 
cautious ; wary. — DlA-creet'ly, adv, 

Dia-crep'ant (dis-krfip'ant), a. Discordant ; at 
variance; disagreeing; different. — DlA-GXBip'- 
ance (-ans), Dia-crep'an-cy i-ansf)^ n. Dis- 
agreement ; inconsistency. 

Dis-crete' (dTs-krSf), a. Separate ; distinct ; dis- 
junctive. — Dlft^nre'tlve (-krS'tIv), a. Disjunc- 
tive; separating. 

Dis-CTO^tlon (dls-krSshlin), n. Quality of being 
discreet; s^gacitv; prudence; freedom of ac- 
tion. —Dia-cre^on-al (-ai), Dia-cre^on-a-ry 
(-a-ij^), n. Left to discretion ; unrestrained ex- 
cept by discretion or judgment. — Dia-cro^on- 
al-ly (-«i-iy), Dia-cremon-a-il-ly (-a-rl-iyj, adv, 

Dia-cnm'i-nate (dls-krlm^T-nSt^, a. Distin- 
guished ; having the difference marsed. — (-nat), 
V. t. & i. To distinguish ; to separate. — Dla- 
crim'i-nata-ly, adv. Distinctly. — Dia-crim'l- 
nata-neaa, n. — Dia-criml-na'tlon (-na'shfin), 
n. Act of discriminating ; mark of distinction ; 
discernment ; penetration ; judgment. — Dia- 
orim'i-na-tive (-ni-tTv or -nS'tTv), a. Marking 
a difference ; distinctive ; characteristic. 

Dia-crown' (dTs-kroun'), V. t. To deprive of a 

Dia-cnr'aiOlI (dTs-kQr'shlin), n. Expatiation ; des- 
ultory talk; reasonii^. — Dia-€1ir'aiTe (-sTv), a. 
Passing from one thing to another ; 'rambling ; 

digressive. — Dia-cnr'aive-ly, adv. — Dia-car'- 

ao-zy (-s6-ij^), a. Argumentative ; discursive. 

Dia'caa (dTs^kfis), n. A quoit ; a disk. 

Dia-caaa' (dTs-kfis')« v* ^* [Discussrd (-kiist') ; 
DiscnssiNo.] To disperse ; to examine or con- 
sider by disputation ; to debate. — Dia-CHa'aion 
(-kiish'iin), n. Act or process of discussing; 
debate ; disputation. — Dia-€1iaa'lve (-ki&sTv), 
a. Able or tending to discuss or disperse (tu- 
mors, etc.). — n. A discutient. 

Dla-CU'tlent (dTs-ku'shant), a. Serving to dis- 
perse morbid matter, ^n. A medicine to dis- 
perse tumors or coagulated fluids in the body. 

Dia-daln' (dis-dan' or dTz-), n. Haughtiness ; 
scorn ; contempt ; pride. ^ v. t. [Disdaimkd 
(-dand'); Disdaining.] To contemn; to de- 
spise; to scorn. ^ v. i. To be filled with con- 
temptuous anger. —Dia-dai]irflll(-f9l), a. Full 
of, or expressing, disdain ; scornful ; haughty. 
— Dia-dain'fiil-ly, cMfv.— Di8-dain'fiil-neaa,n. 

Dia-eaaa' (dTs-ez'), n. Disorder; distemper; 

malady, ^t;. t. [Diskasbd (-Szd') ; Disbasino.] 

To afflict with sickness. 
Dia'em-liark' (dTs^Sm-barkO} V. t. & i. To put or 

go on shore ; to land ; to debark. — Dia-em'liar- 

kation (-Sra'b&r-ka'shiin), n. A disembarking. 
Dia^em-liai'raaa (dTs'Sm-bSr'ras), v. t. To free 

from embarrassment or perplexity ; to clear. 
Dia'em-lMd'y (dTs^Sm-b^'j^), v. t. [Disembodied 

(-b5dTd) ; Disbhbodtino.] To divest of the 

body ; to free from the flesh. 
Dia'am-llOKlie' (dTs'6m-bogO« «• '• To discharge 

at the mouth, as a stream. 
Dia^em-bOW'el (dTs^Sm-bou'Sl), v. t. To take out 

the bowels or entrails of ; to eviscerate ; to gut. 
Di8^en-a1)le (dTs^Sn-S'bU), v. t. To deprive of 

power ; to disable ; to disqualify. 

Dia'an-Oliant' (dTs'Sn-ch&ntO. v. L To free from 
enchantment or spells. — Dia'an-OlUUlt'Biant 
(-ment), n. Act of disenchanting, or state of 
being disenchanted. 

Dia^an-cnmnMr (dTs^Sn-kfim'bSr), v. L To free 
from encumbrance, clogs, or impediments. — 
Dia^en-cnmntrailGe (-brans), n. Deliverance 
from anything burdensome or troublesome. 

Dia^en-doW (dIs^6n-dou'), v. L To deprive (a 
church, etc.) of endowment. 

Dia'en-gage' (dTs^6n-gaj'), v. t. To release from 
connection or engagement ; to liberate ; to free ; 
to extricate ; to clear ; to detach. ^ v. i. To re- 
lease one's self ; to become detached. — Dla'- 
en-gagO^mailt (-ment), n. Act of disengaging ; 
state of being disengaged ; freedom ; leisure. 

Dia^en-tan'gle (dTs^gn-tSn'gU), v. t. To free from 
entanglement or perplexity ; to unravel ; to ex- 
tricate ; to clear ; to disengage. — DlB^OIl-tan'- 
gld-ment (-ment), n. Act of disentangling. 

Dia'en-tliroiia' (dTs^6n-thr5u'), v. t. To dethrone. 

Dia'en-tomi)' (dIs^6n-toom'), v. i. To take out 
from a tomb. 

Dia'en-tranoe' (dTs'Sn-tr&ns^, v. t. To awaken 
from a trance. 

Di8^ea-ta1>lia]l (dTs^Ss-tSbaish), v. t. To unset- 
tle ; to break up (something established). — Dla'- 
aa-tabliah-nieilt (-m«nt), n. A disestablishing; 
condition of beiiu; disestablished. 

Dla^ea-teem' (dTs'&-tem'), n. Want of esteem; 
disfavor. ^ v. t. To dislike ; to slight. — Dia-oa'- 
ti-ma'tlOll (dTs-Ss'tT-ma'shiin), n. Disesteem. 

Dia-faMror (dTs-fa'vSr), n. Want of favor ; di»* 
esteem ; unkindness. ^ v. t. To withhold or 
withdraw favor from ; to discountenance. 

Dia-figllTe (dTs-fTg'iir), v. t. To deface ; to mar. 
— Dla-fig'ii-ra^on (-u-nt'shiin), Dia-flg'iiia- 
moxit (-ment), n. Deformity ; defacement. 

Dla-fran'clliae (dTa-frSn'chTz or -chiz), v. t. To 
deprive of a franchise, esp. of citizenship. — 
Dla-fran'cliiaa-ment (-ment), n. Act of du»- 
franchising ; state of being disfranchised. 

Dla-gai'niall (dTs-gSr'nTsh), t;. t. To divest of 
garniture or furniture ; to dismantle. 

Dia-gorge' (dTs-g6rj'), v. t. [Disoobobd (-gOrjdO ; 
DisooROiNO.] To vomit ; to give up ; to make 
restitution of. ^ v. i. To vomit ; to make resti- 

Dia-grace' (dTs-gras'), n. Lack or loss of favor ; 
opprobrium ; dishonor ; shame ; disrepute. —> 
V. t. [Disgraced (-grastO ; Disgracing.] To 
deprive of favor ; to degrade ; to debase. — Dia- 
gzaoe'fal (-ful), a. Bringing disgrace or dis- 
honor ; shameful ; infamous ; ignominious. — 

Dia-graceful-ly, adv. — Dia-gracerfnl-neaa, n. 

Dia-gmae' (dTs-giz'), v. t. [Disguised (-gizd^; 
Disguising.] To change the g^ise or appear- 
ance of ; to conceal ; to dissemble ; to mask. — 
n. A dress or exterior put on to conceal or to 
deceive ; deception ; change of manner by drink ; 
slight intoxication. — Dia-gnia'ed-ly ( -giz '8d- 
Ij^), adv. In disguise. 

Dla-gnat' (dTs-gfisf), v. t. To provoke dislike in ; 
to offend ; to displease. ^ n . Aversion ; distaste ; 
dislike ; repugnance. — Dia-gnaVflll (-fyl), Dia- 
gnaVing, a. Offensive ; nauseous. — Dla-gliaf- 
ing-ly, adv. 

Diah (dTsh), n. Vessel to hold food ; particular 
kind of food ; hollow form, like a dish. ^ v. L 
[Dished (dTsht) ; Dishing.] To put in a dish 
ready for the table. — Diahlng, a. Concave ; 

f Srst recent, drb, r^de, f^^ ftm, food, fijbt, oat, oil, obair, go, ainKi iQk, then, tliin. 




hollow. — Dllh'fnl (dTsh'f 91), n. As much as a 
dish will hold. 

Dia'lU-llilto' (dTa^A-bTF), n. An undress ; desha- 

Dla-hAart'an (dTs-har't'n), V. t. [DiBHKABTBNKD 
(-t'nd) ; DiSHKABTBNiNO.] To dispirit ; to dis- 
courage ; to deter. 

Di-shev'el (dT-shSv'l or -SI), v. /. [DiBinvnju> 
(-'Id or -Sld) or Dishxvxllbd ; Dibhsvxung or 
DiBHEYBLLiKo.] To suffcr to hang loosely or 
negligently, as the hair. 

Dlshrml (dish'f ul), n. See under Dish, n. 

Dla-hon'est (dTs-mi'fist or dTz-), a. Wanting in 
honesty : fraudulent ; faithless ; unjust. — Dis- 

hon'est-lT, adv. — Dis - hon ' es - ty (-Ss-tj^), n. 

Want of honesty or inteffilty ; unchastity. 

DlS-hon'or (,dTs-5n'Sr or diz-). n. Want of honor ; 
dii^[race ; shame ; reproach. — v, t. To bring re- 
proach or shame on ; to violate the chastity of ; 
to r^use to accept or pay (a draft or accept- 
ance). — Dla-]lon'or-a-llle (-A-b'l), a. Shame- 
ful ; base ; disgraced. — DU-llon'or-a-1>le-&eBS, 
n. — Dla-lion'or-a-lily, adv. 

Difl^ln-cllXLe' (dIs'Tn-klin'), V. L To excite the 
disUke of ; to make averse. — Dlft-ln'Oli-natlOll 
(dIs-Tn'kH-na'shfin), n. Unwillingness; reluc- 
tance ; repugnance ; aversion. 

Difl'ln-feof (dls^Tn-fSkf), V. t. To cleanse from 
infection. — Dis'ln-f OOrant (-fSkVant), n. That 
which disinfects.— Dia'ln-fOO^on (-fSk'shiUi), 
n. A disinfecting. 

DlS-ln-gan'll-CllS (dTs'Tn-jSn'tt-iis), a. Kot in- 
genuous ; wanting in f nuikness ; deceitful ; art- 
ful. — Dls^liL-gon'ii-oiiB-ly, adv. — Dis^ln-gen'- 
n-ons-ness, n. 

Dirln-lier'lt (dls^Yn-hgrOft), v. t. To cut oflf 
from hereditary right ; to deprive of an inherit- 
ance. — Dia^ln-lier'l-son (-h6r^-z'n), Dis^ln- 
liei/it-anoe (-Tt-ans), n. Act of disinheriting, or 
condition of being aisinherited. 

Dls-ln'to-grate (dIs-Tn'td-grat), v. t. To separate 
into integrant parts. — Du-ln'te-gra'tlon (-gn'- 
shlin), n. Act of disintegrating, or state of be- 
ing disintegrated. 

DiflOn-tar' ( dTs^Tn-tSrO, tr. t. To take out of the 
grave or from a hiding place. — DU^ln-ter'- 
ment (-tSr'ment), n. Act of disinterring. 

Dla-lnter-est-ed (dls - Tn ' tSr - 6st - 6d), a. Free 
from self-interest ; impartial ; indifferent. — 

Dla-ln'ter-est-ed-ly, adv. — Dls-ln^er-est-ed- 
ness, n. 

Dirln-tlirall' (dTs'Tn-thralO* v. t. To release ; 

to set free ; to emancipate. — DlS^ln-tlirall'- 

ment (-mait), n. Emancipation. 
Dis-Joln' (dis-join'), v. t. & i. [Disjoinbd (-joind'); 

Disjoining.] To part ; to disunite ; to separate. 
Dl8-]0int' (dTs-joint'), v. t. To put out of joint ; to 

break in pieces ; to break the natural order and 

relations of. ^ v. i. To fall or break in pieces. 

— Dl8-]0intl7, adv. In a disjointed state. 
Dis-llUlCt' (dTs-jSukf), a. Disjoined ; separated. 

— Dis-Junc'tloii (-jfink'. 
shfin), n. Disunion ; separa- 
tion. — Di8-]imc'tive (-tTv). 
a. Tending to disjoin ; sep- 
arathig. — Dis-JlUlC^ve-ly, 

Disk (disk), Disc, n. A flat, 
circular plate; quoit; the 
face of a celestial body ; the 
surface of a leaf. 

d Disk s 
r r Rayi. 

DU-UkO' (dIs-likO, V. t. [DisLiKXD (-IiktO ; I>» 
LOUNG.] To have an aversi(ni to.^n. Dis 
taste ; oisnleaBure ; antipathy ; disgust. 

DiallHUlta (dTslft-kSt), V. t. To di^laoe ; to put 
out of joint— (-ktt), a. Dislocated. — Difl'lo- 
catloil (-ka'sh&n), n. Pisplarawmemt; a joint 
put out. 

DUhlodga' (dTs-inO* V- *' [Dbiodgsd (-ISjdO ; 
Dislodging.] To drive from a lodge or place of 
rest or a station. — Dis-lodg'toent (-ISj'mentju 
n. A dislodging or state of being dislodged. 

DU-loy'tl (dls-loi'al), a. Not loyal; false to 
aUef^ance; faithless; perfidious; inconstant. 

— Di8-lo7'tl-ly, adv. — Di8-loyal-ty (-ty),n. 

Want of fidelity ; unfaithfulness in love. 

Bla'Snal (dTz'mfld), a. Gloomy; lonesome; dole- 
ful ; melancholy ; unhappy. — Dll'&Lal-ly, adv. 

Dia-mantle (dTs-mSnt'l), v. t. To deprive of 
dress, furniture, defenses, etc. ; to strip ; to raze. 

DU-mait' (dTs-mAst^), v. t. To deprive of masts. 

DU-may' (dTs-mi^),' v. t. [Dibmatbd (-mad') ; 
Dismaying.] To terrify; to daunt; to di^* 
hearten. ^ n. Loss of courage ; fright ; horror. 

Dis-memlier (dls-mSm'bSr), v. t. To divide limb 
from limb ; to mutilate ; to sever. — Dla-BIOIIL'- 
lier-ment (-ment), n. Division ; mutilation. 

DlS-mlaa' (dTs-mTs'), v. t. [Dumisskd (-mTsf) ; 
Dismissing.] To send away; to remove from 
office; to reject.— Dla-mlMKal (-mTs'al), Dl»- 
mh/Blon (-mTshlin), n. A dismissing. — Dis- 
mlaa^lve (-mTs^v), a. Giving leave to depart. 

Dis-moiUlt' (dis -mount'), v. i. To descend; 
to alight from a horse. ^ v. i. To throw from 
an elevation, a place of honor, a horse, etc. 

DlS^O-lM'dl-ailt (dls'$-be'dl-«nt), a. Neglecting 
or refusing to obey.— DiS^O-oe'dl-eilt-ly, adv. 

— Dia^O^bi'dl-ailce (-«ns), n. Neglect or re- 
fusal to obey. 

Dis^o-bey' (dTs'6-ba'), v. i. St i. To neglect or 
refuse to obey ; to break the commands of. 

Dls^e-UlfO' (df s/«-bUjO, V. t. To offend by un- 
kindness or incivility. — Difl'O-'bli'glllg (-bli'- 
jlng), a. Indisposed to gratify ; unkind. — 
Dia^o-Waing-ly, adv. 

Dls-or'der (dTs-dr'dSr), n. Want of order; ir^ 
r^ularity ; confusion ; disturbance ; illness ; 
sickness. ^v. t. To throw into confusion; to 
make sick ; to derange ; to discompose. — Dla- 
or'der-ly, a. Irregular ; confused ; unruly ; 
lawless ; vicious ; loose. — DlS-OX'der-ll-ness, n. 

Dia-or'Kail-ize (dTs-dr'gan-iz), v. t. To destroy 
the structure or system of ; to throw into disor- 
der. — Dla-or'gan-i-za'tlon ( - 1 - zS ' shfin ), n. 
Subversion of order. 

Dls-own' (dls-3n' or diz-), v. i. [Dibovnbd 
(-5nd') ; Disowning.] To refuse to own or ac- 
knowledge ; to renounce ; to repudiate. 

DU- par 'age ( dTs-pSrti), v. t. [Dibpabaoxd 
(-ajd) ; DisPABAGiNG (-i-jTng).l To injure by 
depreciating comparisons; to decry; to depre- 
ciate; to undervalue.— Dls-par'age-mant 
(-ment), n. Injurious comparison with an in- 
ferior; derogation; detraction. {/ 

Dis-paz'i-ty (<ns-pSr'T-t^), n. Difference in age, 
rank, etc. ; inequality ; disproportion. 

Dis-paxt' (dTs-pttrf ), V. t. & i. To divide ; to 

Dis-pas'sion (dTs-pSsh'Qn), n. Freedom from 
passion; apathv. — Dis-pas'slon-ata (-at), a. 
Free from pasnon ; calm ; cool ; impartial. — 

Dla-paa'ilon-ata-ly, adv. 

&i S, I, o, G, long ; &, «, 1, 5, a, j^, short ; senAte, ivent, tdea, 6bey, Unite, cAre, iirm, ask, all. final 




DlJI-mtOll' (dTs-pXch'), V. t. [DlBPATOBBO 

(-pacht/) ; DuPATGHiHG.j To aend off ; to ex- 
pedite ; to hasten ; to put out of the way ; to 
put to death ; to kUl. ^v, i. To make haste. ^ 
n. The aencUng in haste ; message dispatched 
or sent off ; hurry ; promptness ; speed. 

Dis-pel' (dts-p610, V' t' [DisFBLLBo (-p61d0; 
DisPBLLUfG.T To drive away ; to dissipate. 

Dis-panae' (df s-pSns'), v. t. To deal out ; to dis- 
triDute ; to administer ; to execute. ^ v. i. To 
rive dispensation; to allow an omission; to 
forego ; — followed by wUli, — DU-pau/OTt n. 
— Du-pan'M-ble (-p9n's&-bn), a. Capable of 
being dispensed or dispensed with. — Dla-poi'- 
■a-Z7 (-s&-rj^), n. A place in which medicines 
are given gratis to the poor ; a shop in which 
medicines are prepared. — Dis- pen' M'to-ZT 
(-p9n's&-t6-rj^), a. Granting, or able to grant, 
dispensations, ^n. A book of directions for 
compounding medicines ; pharmacopoeia. — Dlft- 
P«B'ia-tive (-tTv), a. Dispensatory. — DU- 
pen'sa-tlve-ly, adv, — Dis'pen-ia'uoii (dTs'- 
pfin-sS'shfin), n. A dispensii^ or dealing out ; 
a license to do what is forbidden. 

DU-poo'ple (dls-^p'l), V. t. To depopulate. 

Dla-pMrso' (dls-pers^), v. t. [Dupsbsxd (-pSrsf) ; 
DoFiBSino.] To scatter ; to dispel ; to spread ; 
to diffuse ; to disseminate. ^ v. i. To sepa- 
rate ; to vanish. —DU-pei'Blon (-pSr'shfin), n. 
A scattering or dissipating. 

DU-plr'it (dfs-pTr'Tt), v. L To dishearten; to 
deject; to intimidate*; to frighten. 

Dis-place' (dTs-plSsOf v. L [Dmn^AcoED (-plSsf ) ; 
DisPLAOiNO.] To put out of plscc ; to deimse ; 
to derange ; to dismiss ; to discard. — Dis- 

£1800^001 (-ment). n. A displacing, 
hplant' (dls-pUEnfK v. t. To remove or dis- 
pUce (a plant). — Dla^lan-tation (dls'plSn- 
tS'shfin), n. Ilemoval ; displacement. 

DU-play' (dTs-pl5'), V. t. & i, [DisPLAnD 
(-pl5d') ; DuPiiATiiro.] To unfold ; to spread 
wide ; to exhibit ; to parade ; to expand. ^ n. 
An unfolding; exhibition; ostentatious show. 

DU-ploaae' (dls-plSz^), v. t. & i, [Displbaskd 
(-plSzd') ; DnPLKAsiNG.I To offend ; to di^^t ; 
to vex ; to affront. — Dift-jplaas'lire (-plfish'tlr), 
n. Slight anger or irritation ; disapprobation. 

Dla-plode' (dls-plSd'), v. t. & i. To discharge ; 
to explode; to burst. — Dls-plo'slon (-pl5'- 
ihiin), n. An explosion ; discharge. 

Dis-pert' (dTs-p5rf ), n. Play ; sport ; diversion. 
^ V. i. To play ; to wanton. ^ v. t. To amuse. 

Dis-pose' (dTs-pSz'), V. t, [DuPOSKD (-pSsd'); 
DisPOSiNO.] To place ; to incline ; to adapt ; to 
fit ; to adjust ; to bestow. — Dis-pOMd' (-pSzd^), 
a. Inclined : minded. — DU-po^er (-pSs'Sr), n. 
— DU-p(MKa-U0 (-&-b*l), a. Subject to disposal ; 
available for use. — Dis-pot'tl (-al), n. Act or 
power of disposiiig ; management ; conduct ; 
oontroL — Du^O-si'tien (dls^p^-zTsh'Sn), n. 
A disposing ; distribution ; order ; temper or 
aptitude of mind ; moral character ; tendency. 

DlS^pot-sesa' (dTs^pOz-ifis^ or -pSs-sfis^), v. t. To 
put out of possession ; to eject. — Du'pos-MS'- 
•loil (-ifish'fin or -sSsh'Qn), n. Act of dispos- 
sessing ; state of being dispossessed 

DU-pnua' (dTs-prSz'), V. t, [DiBPRAiBBO 
(-prasd'); Disphaisino.] To withdraw praise 
from; to blame. ^n. Censure; detraction. 

DU-proof ' (dTs-proof), n. A proving to be false ; 
confutation; rofutation. 

DU/pvo-por^on (dTs'prt-pSr'shfin), n. Want at 
proportion, symmetry, or suitableness. ^ v. t. 
To make unsuitable; to mismatch. — Difl'pro- 
por^on-al (-ai), Dis'pro-por'tion-ato (-tt), a. 

Not proportioned; unsuitable. — Dia'pro-por'- 

tion-tl-ly, Difl^ro-por'tlon-ate-ly, adv, 

Dis- prove' (dls-proov'), v, t, [DisPBOVSD 
(-proovd') ; Disfboying.] To prove to be false ; 
to confute ; to refute. 

Dls-pnte' (dTs-puf ), v. i. & t. To debate ; to 
contest ; to question ; to arg^e. ^n. A verbal 
contest ; defaAte ; struggle ; difference ; quarreL 
— Dis-pufor (-pufSr), n. — Dis'pn-ta-lilo 
(dTs'p{i-t&-b'l), a. Capable of being disputed ; 
controvertible. — DU ' pn - ta - llle - II0S8, n. — 
Dla'pn-tant (-tant), a. Disputing. ^ n. One 
who disputes ; an opponent ; a controvertist. — 
Dis^pn-tation (dTs ^ pd - tl ' shfin), n. Contro- 
versy; aigumentation. — DU'pn-ta'tlCIUI (-t5'- 
sh&s), Dli-pnfa-tlve (-puf i-tTv), a. Inclined 
to dispute ; apt to cavil or controvert. 

Dis-qnid'i-ty (dTs-kwSlt-n), v. t. [Disquautibd 
(-fid) ; DiSQUALiFTiNG.] To render unfit ; to in- 
capacitate; to disable. — Dis-qnal^l-fl-catlon 
(-kwSl'I-fl-kS'shfiD), n. Want of quaUfication ; 
that which disqualifies or incapacitates. 

DiS-lllli'et (dTs-kwi'8t), n. Want of quiet ; unea- 
siness ; anxiety. ^ v. t. [Disquistbd ; Dibqui- 
XTiNO.] To make uneasy or rastiess; to dis- 
turb. — Dls -gnl ' et -nMS, DU - qui ' e - tnds 
(-^-tud), n. want of peace or tranquillity ; un- 
easiness; disturbance; anxiety. 

Dia^qill-ldtiOll (dTs'kwT-zTsh'fin), n. A formal 
discussion of any subject ; a dissertation. 

Dia^rO'Card' (dls'r^g^d'), v. t. To pay no heed 
to; to neglect; to slignt. — n. Act of disre- 
garding; state of being disregarded; omission 
to notice. — Dla're-gardlulC-fvl), a. Negli- 
gent; remiss. 

DU-rel'llh (dTs-rSlTsh), n. Distaste; dislike; 
nauseousness. ^ v. L To feel dii^nist at ; to 
make nauseous. 

Dla're-pnte' (dTs'rt-puf), n. Loss or want of 
repute or credit. — Dia-rep'll-ta-Us (-rSp'tt-t*- 
b'l), a. Not reputable; discreditable; low; 
shameful. —Dis-rep'ii-ta-llly, adv, 

Dis'ro-specV (dTs'rt-spSkf ), n. Want of respect ; 
incivility ; discourtesy. —> v. t. To show disre- 
spect to. — DiS^re-spoOtrfnl (-f Vl), a. Wanting 
hi respect ; uncivil. — DiB^re-spootfnl'ly, adv. 

Dlft-robe' (dTs-rSb'), v. t To divest of a robe, or 
of that which clothes or decorates. 

Dls-rvpf (dTs-riipf), a. Rent asunder ; broken. 
—V. t. To burst ; to rend. — DiS-rnptlon (-rfip'- 
shfin), DU-mp'tlirB (-rtip'tur), n. A rendii^ 
asunder. — DlB-ropf ive (-rfip'tTv), a. Causing 
or accompanied by disruption ; bursting. 

DlB-Mt'is-qr (dls-sStnrs-fi), v. t. To displease. — 
Dis-Mt'is-fao'tion (-Ts-fSk'shfin), n. Discon- 
tent ; displeasure ; distaste ; dislike. 

Dls-seof (oYs-sSkf), V. t. To cut hi pieces and 
examine minutely. — Dis-800t'or (-sek'tSr), n. 
An anatomist — Dls-seoVi-Me (dTs-sfikfl-b'l), 
a. Capable of being dissected. — DlB-BOC'tl(Ul 
(-sfik'shfin), n. Act of dissecting ; anatomy. 

DlS-sellO' (dTs-sSz'), V. t. To dispossess wrong- 
fully.— DiS'Bei-ZOe' (dTs'sS-zS'), n. One dis- 
seized, or dispossessed of an estate unlawfully. 
— DUhsei'ftllL (-sS'zTn), n. The unlawful dis- 
possessing of one seizea of the freehold. — Dis- 
sei'sor (-z5r), n. One who disseizes. 

fSm, rec«nt, drb, rude, fyll, Urn, food, fijbt, oat, oU, eliair, go, siiiKt Ul^% theot Ullii> 




|>ll4Mma)le (dTa-sSmO)*!), v.t.&i, [Disssmblsd 
(-b*ld) ; DissEMBUNoJ To conceal ; to feign ; to 
oiBguise. — Dis-samlblor (-bier), n. 

Dis-aeml-liatO (dTs - sSm ' I - nSt), v. t. To sow 
(seed) ; to acatter for growth and propagation ; 
to spr^td ; to diffnae ; to circulate. — Dlt-SOU'- 
l-na'ter (-na'tSr), n. — Dis-sema-na'ttoii (-1- 
nS'shfin), n. Diffusion; dispersion. — Dls- 
seml-aa-tlTe (-nA-tTv or -nt-tlv), a. Tending 
to scatter or to become disseminated. 

DU-senf (dTs-sfinf), v. t. To differ in opinion ; 
to disagree ; to differ from the established 
church, ^n. Act of dissenting ; disagreement 
from an establislied church, esp. that of Eng- 
land. — Dis-senrer, n.— Dis-sen'alon (-sSn'- 
8hiUi)| n. Violent disagreement ; contention ; 
strife. — Dla-Ben'tl«Bt (-shSnt), a. Disagreeing ; 
declaring dissent, —n. One who dissents.— 
DiS-BOn^ons (-shtLs), a. Quarrelsome. 

Dls^ser-tatlon (dTs'ser-ta'shtin), n. A formal 
discourse : a disquisition ; an essay. 

Dla-BOnre' (dTs-sSrv')f v. t. To injure ; to hurt ; 
to harm. — Dls-serv'lcs (-aSr'vIs), n. Injury ; 
mischief; detriment. — Dls-senr'iCS-a-lllA 
(-4-b*l), a. Unserviceable ; injurious. 

Dis-sey'er (dTsHsfiv'Sr), v, t. To part in two ; to dis^ 
unite. — Dis-MV'er-anoe (•ans), n. Separation. 

Dls'sl-dent (dTs^sT-dent), a. Not agreemg ; dis- 
senting. ^ n. A dissenter. — Du^Bl-denco 
(-dens), n. Disagreement ; dissent. 

DiS-Blml-lar (dTs-sTm^-lSr), a. UnUke ; hetero- 
geneous. —Dlt-slml-lar-ly, adv, — Dla-slm'i- 
IWl-ty (-I-USr^-ty), n. Want of resemblance. 
— Dis-ll-mlll-tllde (dTs-sT-mTlT-tud), n. Want 
of resemblance ; unlikeness ; dissimilarity ; com- 
parison by contrast. 

Dia-Blm'n-late (dTs-sTm^-lSt), v. i. To dissem- 
ble ; to feign. — Dis-Blm^n-latioil (-d-li'shiSu), 
n. A f eicnung ; a false pretense ; hypocrisy. 

Dll'sl-pate (dIs'sT-pat), V. t. To drive asunder ; 
to disjperse ; to spend ; to squander ; to lavish, 
^v. «. To waste away ; to vanish ; to be extrav- 
agant, wasteful, or dissolute. — Difl^sl-pa^on 
(-I»'shttn), n. Act of dissipating or dispersing ; 
dissolute life ; profuseness; distracted attention. 

Dis-SO'dal (dTs-sS'shal), a. Unfriendly to soci- 
ety. — DifhSO'cia-hle (-8h&-b*l), a. Dissocial; 
not well assorted ; incongruous. — Dl8-80'0i-at0 
(-shT-at), V. t. To separate. — DlS-SO'Oi-a'tlon 
(•shl-S'shOn), n. Separation ; disunion. 

Dls'sa-ln-Me (dIs'sd-lG-b'l), a. Capable of being 
dissolved, liquefied^ or disunited. 

Dls'SO-lnte (dls'sd-Iut), a. Loose in morals ; wild ; 
wanton ; lax ; licentious ; debauched. — Dis'- 

so-lute-ly, a<2t;. — Dis'sa-lute-ness, n. 

Dia'SO-la'UOll (dTs'si-lu'shiin), n. Act of dis- 
solving, or separating into component parts; 
extinction of life ; death ; ruin. 

Dis-BOlve' (dTz-z51v'), V. L & i. [Dissolved 
(-z51vd') ; DissoLviiTG.] To separate into compo- 
nent parts ; to melt ; to terminate. — DiS-BOlv'- 
a-Me, a.— Dis-BOlV'ent (-«nt), a. Having power 
to melt or dissolve, ^n. That which dissolves ; 
a menstruum ; a solvent. 

Dls'sa-nant (dTs^s^-nant), a. Discordant; in- 
congruous ; harsh to the ear. — Dls'SO-nailGO 
(-nans), Dls'sa-nail-cy (-nan-sj^), n. A discord ; 
largon; incongruity; inconsistency. 

Dis-snade' (dTs-swad'), v. t. To advise i^inst ; to 
divert (from an act) by persuasion. — Dls-SVa'- 
Slon (-swa'shtin), n. Act of dissuading. — Dlt- 

SVa'slTe (-BwS'sT v), a. Tending to diasnade. — 
n. An argument to deter oue nrom a measure. 

Dis-sylOa-Me (dls-sTl'U-b'l or dTs^sTPA-b'!), n. 
A word of two syllables. — Dis^syl-laVio (dls^- 
sTl-lSVTk)) a. Having two syllables only. 

Dis'tatt (dis'taf), n. A staff holding flax, tow, or 
wool> from which thread is drawn 
in spinning. 

J)la-tUJi'{diaAS3af)jV.t. [DisTAimD 
(-tand'); DisTAiMiifG.] To stain; 
to sully ; to defile. 

Difltanoe (dTs'tans), n. The space 
between bodies; remoteness; re- 
serve. ^ v. ^. [Distanced (-tanst); 
DisTANcraa.] To place at a dis- 
tance; to outstrip in a race; to{ 
surpass greatly.— Distant (-tant), 
a. Far separated ; remote ; iuj 
place, time, connection, etc. ; shy;' 
cold ; faint ; obscure ; as from a "^^^ 
distance. —Dlstant-l7,a^t;. At Distaff, 
a distance ; remotely ; with reserve. 

Dls-taste' (dTs-tasf ), n. Disrelish ; dislike ; aver- 
sion ; disgust. —> V. t. To dislike ; to loathe. — 
Dis-tasto'flll (-f ul]|, a. Unpleasant ; offensive ; 
disgusting; repulsive. — Dlfhtaate'flll-ly, adv, 

Dls-tem'per (dis-tSm'pSr), v. t. [Distemfbbbo 
(-perd) ; Distbmpbbino.J To derange the func- 
tions of ; to disturb ; to affect with disease, ^n. 
Malady; sickness ; bad tempei- ; a painter's prej[v- 
aration of colors with glue or size, instead of oiL 

Dla-tend' (dTs-tSnd'), v. t. & i. To lengthen out 
or spread in all directions ; to expand ; to sweU. 
— Dit-ten'Sl-Me (-tSn'sT-b'l), a. Capable of be- 
ing distended. — Dia-tailtlon (dTs-tSn'shiUi), 
n. Expansion. 

Dls'tlcll (dTs'tTk), n. A couplet ; two poetic lines. 

Dls-till' (dTs-tn')« Di8-m', V. i. [Distilled 
(-tlld) ; DisTiLLiNO.] To fall in drops ; to flow 
gently; to practice distillation.^ v. t. To let 
fall in drops ; to extract spirits from ; to rectify ; 
to purify. — Dls-till'er, n. -Dla-till'er-y (-er->), 
n. A place where distilling is done. — DlS'til-w- 
tion (dTs'tll-la'shfln), n. Act of distUling ; a 
substance extracted by distilling. 

Dlfl-tlnct' (dTs-tTnkI/), a. Separate; deflnite; 
clear ; plain ; not confused. — Dis-tinctny, adv. 
—Dia-tincriiess, n. — Dis-tlnc^cn (-tlnk'- 
shiln), n. Difference ; superiority ; rank ; note. 

— Dis-tino'tlVO (-tTv), a. Markhig or express- 
ing distinction. — Dls-tlnotlve-ly, adv. 

DUhtln^gnlsll (dTs-tTn'gwTsh), v. t. [Distin- 
GUisHBD (-gwTsht) ; SiBTiNGUisHiNa.] To note 
the difference between ; to discriminate ; to sig- 
nalize ; to honor. ^ v. i. To make distinctions ; 
to exercise discrimination^ — Dls-tin'gnlsll-a- 
ble (-&-b'l), a. Capable of being distinguished. 

— Dla-tln'gnlsliea ( -gwTsht ), a. Eminent ; 
conspicuous ; illustrious. — Dis-tln'gflllall-illg 
(-gwIsh-Tng), a. Constituting difference; pe- 
culiar; characteristic; distinctive. 

Dis-torf (dTs-tdrf), V. t. To twist out of shape ; 
to wrest ; to pervert ; to bend. — DlS-tor'aOll 
(-tdr'shfin), n. Act of distorting ; state of being 
twisted out of shape ; a visible deformity. 

DlS-tracV (dIs-trSkf ), V. t. To perolex ; to con- 
fuse; to agitate; to craze. — Dl8-trac'ti0ll 
(-trSk'shfin), ». Confusion; disorder; dissen- 
sion ; derangement. — Dis-tracVlve (-tTv), a. 
Causing perplexity ; distracting. 

Dis-train' (dTs-tran'), v. t. [DisTRAimED (-tzandO 

ft, e, i, o, a, long ; &, £, 1, 5, A, y* abort ; aen&te, ^vent, tdea, 6bey, ftnite, cftre, iirm, &sk, {|11, finolf 




DiSTBAiNiMO.] To seize for debt, without legal 
process. — Dls-train'or (-er), Dls-traln'er, n. — 
Dla-trainV (-trSnt^), n. A aeiziug personal 
property by distress. 

llDU'txait' (dTs^tra'), a. Absent-minded ; lost in 
thought; abstracted. 

Dis-trangM' (dTs-tr|^t^), a. Distracted ; per- 

DUhtress^ (dTs-trSsO* »• [Distbesbbd (-trSsf); 
DisTBEssiNO.I Extreme pain ; misery ; adver- 
sity ; act of distraining, or thing taken by dis- 
training. ^ V. t. To pain ; to grieve ; to seize for 
debt ; to distrain. 

DU-tliVnte (dTs-trTVtit), V. t. To divide among 
several; to separate into classes; to deal; to 
share ; to assign. ^ v. i. To make distribution. 
— DlB-trlVu-ter (-u-tSr), n. — Dls'trl-liii'tlon 
(dTs'trT-bu'sbtUi), n. Act of distributing ; allot- 
ment ; classification. — Dls-txll/ll-tive (-trlb'- 
&-tTv), a. Distributing ; tending to distribute ; 
expressing separation or division; dealing to 
each his proper share. — DiS-txlb'll-tlVS-ly, 
cuiv. By distribution ; singly. 

Dis'trlct (dTs'trlkt), n. A portion of territory ; 
a tract ; a region ; a country, ^v. /. To divide 
into districts. 

DiSrtnut' (dTs-tri&sf), V. t. To suspect ; to mis- 
trust ; to disbelieve. ^ n. Doubt of reality or 
sincerity ; suspicion of evil designs. — Dla- 
tmstrflil (-f u^i ^' -^P^ to distrust ; suspicious ; 
diffident; modest.— Dlft-tmst'flll-ly, a(f v. 

DlS-tnrV (dl8-tfirb')» V. t. [Disturbed (-tOrbd') ; 
Disturbing.] To disorder ; to agitato ; to stir ; 
to move. — Dis-tul/er, n. — Tis - tnrli ' ance 
(-ans),n. Confusion; disorder; agitation. 

DiS-nn'lon (dTs-un'y&n), n. Termination, or want, 
of union. — DlB-nn'lon-ist, n. An advocate of 
disunion. — Dia'll-nlte' (dTs^ti-nif), v. t. & i. 
To divide ; to part ; to sever ; to separate. — 
Dis-n'nl-ty (-u'nT-tj^), n. State of separation. 

Dla-nse' (dTs-us'), n. Cessation of use or of cus- 
tom ; desuetude. — Dls-Tise' (-uzOf v. t. [Dis- 
used (-uzd') ; Disusing.] To cease to use or prac- 
tice ; to disaccustom. — Dia-n'sago (-u'zaj), n. 

Dltcll (dTch), n. A trench in the earth, ^v. t. & 
i. [Ditched (dTcht) ; Ditching.] To dig a 
ditoh or ditches (in). 

DltlL^y-ramOllO (dlth'I-rSm'blk), a. Wild, im- 
petuous, and boisterous. ^ n. A poem written 
in enthusiastic strains. 

Dlt'tO (dTftt), n. That which has been said ; 
same thing. ^ adv. As before; in the same 
manner ; also ; — written do. or **. 

Dit'ty (dTf tf ), n. A song ; a little poem. 

Dl'U-ret'lO (dFfi-rSfTk), a. Exciting the secre- 
tion and discharge of urine. ^ n. A medicine 
with diuretic properties. 

Dl-nr'nal (dt-Qr'nal), a. Daily ; recurring every 
day ; performed in a day. — Di-nx'nal-ly, adv. 
Daily ; eveiy day. 

Di'n-tnr'nal (di'Q-tQr'nal), a. Of long continu- 
ance ; lasting. 

Di-van' (dT-vSn'), n. A Turkish council of state, 
royal court, court of justice, or office for cus- 
toms ; a council chamber ; a cushioned seat. 

Di-vai'i-cate (dt-viir^-kat), V. i. & t. To divide 
into two branches. — Di-vaiM-Ca'tiOIl (-T-ka'- 
shtln), n. A parting ; a forking ; an equivocation. 

Dive (div), V. i. [DrvBD (divd), colloq. Dove 
(dov) ; DiYiNo.] To plunge into water head first ; 

to sink ; to penetrate, ^n. A diving ; a plui^ 
headforemost into water. — Div'or (div'er)» »• 
One who dives ; a diving bird. — Divlxig boll. A 
hollow vessel, in which men may descend and 
work under water. 
Dl-verge' (dl-verj'), v. t 
[Diverged ( - verjd' ) ; 
DiVEROiNo.] To deviate 
from a given course or 
line. — Di-verge^ent, 
Dl-ver'geiice ( - ver ' - 
j«n8), Di - ver ' gen - cy 

(-jen-sj^), n. A receding 
from each other. — Di- 
ver'gent (-jcnt), a. De- 
viating from . a given 
point or direction ; sep- 
arating from each other. 

Dl'vera (dl'vSrz), a. Sev- 
eral; sundry. 

Dl'verae (di'vSrs or dt- 
vSrs'), a, Dififerent in 
kind; unlike; dissimilar. ^ «r<fv. 
directions. — Di ' verae- ly, adv. 

Diving Bell. 

In different 
In different 
ways; differently; variously; in different di- 
rections. — Dl-ver'al-ty (dl-vSr'sT-fi), v. t. To 
make diverse or various. — Dl-veiYai-fi-cation 
(dt-ver^sT-fT-ka'shtin), n. Modification ; change. 

— Dl-ver'ai-ty (dl-vSr'sI-ty), ». Difference ; 
unlikeness; variety. 

Dl-vert' (dT-vSrf), v. t. To turn aside ; to amuse ; 
to entertain.— Di-ver'aion (dT-vSr'shtln), n. A 
turning aside ; a distraction ; an amusement ; a 
solace. — Dl-vertlve (-verflv), o. Tending to 
divert; amusing. 

Di-veat' (dl-vSsV), V, t. To strip ; to deprive ; to 

- dispossess. — Di-veafi-tore (-I-t6r), n. Act of 
divesting or state of being divested. 

Di-Vlde' (dT-vid'), V. t. & i. To part ; to separate ; 
to distribute. — Di-Vld'er, n. One who divides 
or deals out; pi. an instrument for dividing 
lines, describing circles, eto. ; compasses. 

Dlv'i-dend (dTv^-dSnd), n. Number or quantity 
to be divided; sum, share, or percentage of 
stock or profits divided among stockholders, 
creditors, eto. 

Dl-vine' (dl-vin^), a. Belonging to God ; godlike ; 
holy ; sacred. ^ n. A clei^yman ; a theologian. 

— V. <• & i. [Divined (-vind') ; Divinino.] To 
foretell ; to predict ; to conjecture. — Dl-VUie'- 
ly, adv. In a godlike manner ; by the agency of 
God. — Dl-vin'l-ty (-vin't-ty), n. Divine na- 
ture ; deity ; God ; science of divine things ; 
theology. — Div'l-na^on (dTv'T-nS'shiin), n. 
Act of divining or foretelling future evente; 
augury; omen ; presi^(e. 

Dl-Via'l-ble (dt-vTzT-b'l), a. Capable of being 
divided.— Dl-Vla/l-bU'l-ty (-I-bll'I-ty ), n. Qual- 
ity of being divisible. 

Di-Vl'aion (dT-vIzn'ttn), n. A dividing ; state of 
being divided ; that which divides ; a portion 
separated by dividing; difference in opinion 
or condition ; a section of an army or fleet com- 
manded by a general officer. — Di-Vi'alon-al 
(•al), a. Marking or making division ; belong- 
ing to a division or district. 

Dl-'^'aor (dT-vi'zSr), n. A number that divides 
another. — Goznmon dlvlaor. Any number ca- 
pable of dividing two or more numbers without 
a remainder. 

Dl-voroe' (dl-vSrsO* n. A legal dissolution of the 

fSxn, reoenty Arb» rude, f ^ Hm, food, foot, oat, oil, cliair, g;o, sins, ink, tben, tbixu 




marriage contract ^ v. t. \pprowsBi (-ySratO ; 
DiYOBCiNo. ] To separate by divorce ; to sunder. 
— Dl-TCnrce'&Lent (-ment), n. Divorce. 

Di-Yvlge' (dT-vfiljO, V. L [DnruLaxo (-TSlJdO; 
DivuLOiNO.] To make public ; to diacloae ; to 
publish ; to impart. 

Dtz'en (dTs'z'n or di'z'n), v, L [Dizbhkd (-z*nd) ; 
DizKimio.l To dresB gaudily ; to overdress. 

Diz'Zy (dTz'zj^), a. [Dizzisb; Dizzikst.] Af- 
fected with vertigo ; giddy ; indistinct ; heedless. 
— V. L To confuse. — Diz'zl-ness, ». 

Bo (d3), n. A syllable indicating the first tone ci 
the major diatonic scale for sohnization. 

Do. {d\\/tt), n. Abbreviation of Drrro. 

Do {cLSbY, v.t.&i.y& auxiliary, [imp. Dm (dTd) ; 
p. p. DoNX (dfin) ; p. pr, & vb. n. Doing (doom- 
ing).] To act; to perform; to practice; to 
effect ; to answer the purpose. — Do^or, n. 

Doo'l-ltle (dSflOT-bM), a. Easily tought or man- 
aged : docUe. — DOGl'Ul'i-ty (dOe^T-bllT-tj^), 
Doo'l-lile-iieu, n. 

Doctle (dSsTl or dS^sTl), a. Teachable ; ready 
to learn ; tractable. — DO-cill-ty (-snt-t^), n. 

Doo^i-mas'tio (dBe'I-mSs'tlk), a. Proving oy ex- 

Dock (dQk), n. A plant; weeds. 

Dook (d5k), n. The solid part of a horse's tail ; 
the stump of a tail left after clipinng. ^ v. t, 
[DocKSD ( dSkt ) ; Docking.] To cut off ; to 
curtail ; to clip. 

Dock (d2^)f n, A basin for ships ; space for an 
accused person in court. ^ v. t. To place (a 
vessel) in a dock. — Dock'af (-&j), n. Charge 
for the use of a dock. — DoCK'yard' (dSk'yardO, 
n. A yard or storage place for naval stores and 
timber for shipbuildii^^. 

Dock'et (dSk'St), ». A summary ; a label tied to 
goods ; a list of cases before a court, or of busi- 
ness to be transacted. ^ v. t. [Dockxtko ; 
DocKBTiNG.] To make an abstract of ; to enter 
on a docket; to file; to label. 

Doctor (dSk'ter), n. One qualified to teach or 
licensed to practice medicine; a physician.^ 
v.t. [DooTOBBO (-tSrd) ; DooTOBiNG.] To at- 
tend or treat as a physician ; to tamper with ; 

to falsify. — Doctor-ate (- &t), Doc 'tor- slilp, 

n. The degree or title of a doctor. 

llDoo'trl-iialre' (d5k'trd-nftr0f ^ ^^ ^^o ap- 
plies abstract doctrines or theories to political 
or practical affidrs; a dogmatic theorist.^ a. 
Theoretic; unpracticaL 

Doc'trlne (dSk'trln), n. Instruction; what is 
taught ; dogma ; tenet.— Doctrl-nal (-trT-nal), 
a. Pertaining to, or containing, doctrine. 

Doo'n-Iliont (dJ^'u-m^nt), n. Written instruction. 
^v.t. To furnish with documents. — DOO'U- 

mental (-mSn'tal), Doc^n-men^-ry (-tii^if )> 
a. Pertaining to written evidence ; consisting 
in documents. 

Do-dec'a-gon (d6-dSk'&-g5n), n. A regular fig- 
ure, bounded by twelve equal sides. 

Do-dOC'a-lie'droil (d6-dSk'&-hS'dr5n), n. A solid 
having twelve equal faces. 

Dodge (d6j), V. i, &t. [Dodged (dSjd) ; Dodg- 
ZNO.] To start suddenly aside ; to evade. — n. 
An evading ; a device or trick. — Dodg'er, n. 

DCdO (dS'dS), n. ; pi. Dodoes (-dSz). A large ex- 
tinct bird, once inhabiting Mauritius. 

Doe (do), n. A female deer or rabbit. — Doo'skln' 
(-skTnOf n. The skin of the doe ; compact, 
twilled woolen cloth. 

Do'er (dSS'Sr), n. One who does <nr peKfonna ; an 
actor ; an agent. 

Does (dliz), Sapers, sing, pre*, ind. of Do. 

Ddf (d5f ), V, L To put off (dress) ; to rid one*8 
self of. 

Dog (dBg), n. A quadruped of many varieties; a 
mean, worthless fellow ; an andiron ; a grappling 
iron ; the carrier of a lathe. ^ v. t. [Dogged 
(dSgd) ; DoGGiNo.] To follow persistently. — 
Dog^ged (-gSd), a. Sullen ; morose ; obstinate. 
'Dog'ged-ly, a<fv. — Dog^ged-Aoss, n.— 
Dog'gua (^ish), a. Churlish; snappish. — 
Dog'ger-el (-ger-Sl), a. Low in rtyle and ir^ 
regular in poetical measure. ^ n. Mean verse. 
— J>Og'Cart^ (-karf ), n. A light two-wheeled, 
one-horse carriage. — Dog days. The sultry 
Bummer days from July to September. — Dog'- 
eared' (ngrd^), a. Having the comers of the 
leaves turned down; — said of a book. — Dog'- 
fiah' (-fTshO, n. A kind of small shark. — Dog 
Star. Sinus, a star of the first magnitude. 

Doge (doj), n. A chief magistrate in the republics 
of Venice and Genoa. — Do'gate (do'gSt), n. 
The office or dignity of a d(^. 

Dog'ger (dSg'gSr), n. A Duteh two-masted fish- 
ing vesseL 

DMl'ma (d5g^m&), n. / pi. £. Dogmas (-m&z), L. 
Dogmata (-m4-t&). An established tenet ; per- 
emptory opinion ; maxim ; tenet. — Dog-mat'lC 
(dSg-mStmc), D0g-mat1c-al (-T-kal), a. Per- 
taining to a dogma ; positive ; opinionated ; 
overbearing. — Dcg-mat'io-al-ly, adv. ~ Dog- 
mat'iCB (-iks), n. Doctrinal theology. — Dog'- 
ma-tisill (d2^m&-tTz^m), n. The manner of a 
dogmatist ; iH>sitiveness ; arrogance. — Dog'- 
ma-tist, n. One who dogmatizes. — Dog'Bia- 
tize (-tiz), v. i. To assert positively or boldly. 

Dog'wood' (dSg'wdddO) n. A lai^e shrub or 
sm^ tree, having very hard wood. 

Doily (doilj^), n. A small colored napkin. 

Do'illgS (doo^ngz), n. Things done; actions} 
concTuct ; behavior. 

Dclt (doit), n. A small Duteh coin ; a trifle. 

Dole (dol), n. Dealing ; apportionment ; share ; 
portion ; alms. — v. t. [Doled (dSld) ; Doling.] 
To distribute (alms) ; to deal out scantiljr. 

Dole (dol), n. Grief ; sorrow ; lamentotion. — 
Dolefful (-f ul), a. Piteous ; sorrowful ; woeful ; 
melancholy'; dismaL — I)oleflll-ly« adv, — 
Dde'SOme (-siim), a. DolefuL 

Doll (d51), n. A puppet or baby for a child. 

Dollar (dSIIer), n. A silver coin of the United 
States, equal to 100 cento; a similar coin of 
Mexico, South America, Spain, ete. 

Dol'man (dSl'man), n. An outer robe ; a cloak. 

Dol'men (d51'mSn), n. A Druids* altar. 

Do^or (dS'lSr), n. Pain; grief; distress; an- 
guish. —DoFor-if'iC (d51/5r-If1k), a. Causing 
pain or grief ; dolorous. — Dol'or-01I8 (dSl'Sr-tts), 
a. Doleful ; distressing.— Dol'or-OHS-ly, adv. 

Dol'pkln (dSl'fln), n. A cetacean ; a fish about 
five feet long, which changes its colors when 


fi,8,I,5,a,long; ft,«,I,5,tt,t,ahort;aeii«to,«vent,tdea,ftbey,ttnite,cAre,llrm,aA,ftU,ihiiil, 

SDomi'aaT' (dsanu'dS'), n. Diyafju 
Soar (dSrj, n. A gate ol > houMj entn 

— Dooi^ar (-"f ). »■ 

— Dn-uui/tf^it 

ur-kEt). V. /, 
~ So-mM'tl-M'- 

l-it),v.L Tom 

niidBDn. — DllIl1-oliri4-I7 (-glll-t- 
'"I'jri-rf), a. PerUlnlhft to a domkila 

leuw. — Som'l-oU'l-K'tba (-I-fifatbi), 

U (dSmt-nEt). v. (. To rnls ; to fm- 
c. i. To predamin&Is.— Dom'l-BUt 

Kale. ~ Som'l-iunoa (-nans), lum'l- 
(-nan-Bj). n. PtedointiiM.«.. i».P>w 
— n««'l-n»tlll]l C-ni'shfin), 

DO-intn^-wn (dJ-mlnn: -kan), n. On* of on nr- 

Dem'l-nlO (d6^l^-nI), n. i --•-—■- ■ — 

BOD. tSeolA 
D»-mln'l«ii {ai-mln'yBn), n, 

Hy ; predomimDCB ; torriti , „ 
Donl-IlO (dHmT-nt), n. ; pi. Doi 

miuik ; A gaoie played wi 


HOC— So^or(-ni;r),ii] 
A gl»er. — DmWB' (dS- 
a doDAtlon la i ' ** 

Act ot gliinj 
fe legLj tnnai 


(d[io'&-tIv>,n. A ^ft ; B gratuity ;» 
t Veatfld or weHfang by donation. 

*""» (dOn), 0. 0. from Do, p. 

..M**,?.. See under DoNATK. 

Don'kar (dBn'kJ). n. ,■ 

(dSat); Dosi 

DaClU (dda's 
DOBt (d9at), i 

1), n. A pledfjet ot lint 

/mairpoin^'^or spot.— .J 
DOT^TNO.] Td niajfa with dl 

doner. — Do-tt'tWn (di-tS'BhHn), n. 

Dot* (d5tj, V. (. [DoTUJi DtOIKB.} ■ 

IT l-Sr), 

— DiKtard(dyierd),n. A uik. -i,,™. u....u .= 
impaiiedbyuB. — BotW(-tti),Ti. Cliildlsh- 
nSH or loibeclllty from nee : leiullly : veak and 
foolish aflKtloD. 

Sotli (dBth), 3if pen. ting, pret, of Do, n. 

DMtMd (diJt'tSrd), n. A decayed tree. 

DoPMr-sKdOi^r*), B. A wBding Wrd of the 
Plover family ; a aiU/ tellon ; a dupe ; a gull. 

DbdI)!* (dnb"l), R. Twofold 1 lonltlpliBd b; 



I (a headland, el 
Twice aa'mi 

'ld)i I 

lam, recent, 6rl>, r^fde, f^^ Q 

, fdbd, ftfM, ODl, oU, cliair, I 




trick ; artifice ; counterpart. — Dou'blor (dfib'- 
ISr), n.— Don^Ue-ness, n.— Doulily, adv.— 
DonUs dealor. One who acta two different 
parts ; a deceitful, trickish person. — Double 
dealing. Artifice; duplicity. 

DoulKlet (dfil/16t), n. A pair ; a couple ; a waist- 
coat ; pi. two dice showing the same number. 

Doub-lOOL' (dfib-loon')f n. A Spanish and Por- 
tuguese gold coin, worth about f 15.60. 

DOUDt (dout), v.i. To be in suspense ; to hesitate ; 
to question. ^ v. t. To distrust ; to suspect. — 
n. Uncertainty ; suspense ; fear ; apprehension ; 
dread. — DonWer (-Sr), n. — DoubTfnl (-fyJ), 
a. Uncertain ; dubious ; equivocal ; ambiguous ; 
questionable ; hazardous. — DouM'fol-ly, adv. 
— Donlit'fiil-ness, ».— DonMOess (-I6s), adv. 
Without doubt or question ; unquestionably. 

JDon'cenr' (doo'sSr'), n. A gift ; a bribe. 
^OUCbe (doosh), n. A jet of water or vapor di- 
rected upon some part of the body ; a syringe. 

Boncll (do), n. Unbaked paste of bread. — 
Doncll^ (do '3^), a. Like dough; soft and 
heavy ; fiabby ; crude. — Dongll'llllt (do'nfit), 
n. A cake fned in lard. 

Dongll'ty (dou'tj^), a. Brave ; redoubtable. 

Dovae (dous), v. t. & i. [Dousxd (doust) ; Dous- 
IMO.I To plunge into water ; to duck ; to dowse. 

Dove (dfiv), n. A bird of the Pigeon family. — 
Dove'cor (dfiv'kSt'), Dove'- /^n^^^^n^ 
cote' (-kot^), n. A place for 
pigeons to roost, breed, etc. 

Dove'tall' (dfiv'tSlO, n. A joint 
made by letting one piece, in 
the form of a dove^s tail spread, 
into a corresponding cavity in 
another, so that it can not be 
drawn out. ^ v. i. [Dovetailed 
(-taldO ; DovBTAiLiNo.] To join 

Dow'a-Dle (dou'Arbn), a. Enti- 

. tied to dower. 

Dow'a-gor ( dou ' 4 - jSr ), n. A 
widow endowed, or having a 
jointure; a title given to an Eng- 
lish widow, to distinguish her 
from the wife of a son having the same name. 

Dow'dy (dou'dj^), a. Awkward; ill 
dressed ; vulgar-looking ; slovenly. 
*— n. An inelegant woman. — 
Dow^dy-ish (-Tsh), a. Like a dow-* 

Dow'el (dou^Sl), n. A wooden or 
metallic pin or block fitting into the 
abutting faces of two pieces, to hold 
them in position, ^v.t. [Doweled 
(-81d) or DowELLED ; Doweling or 
DovELLiNO.] To fasten t(^ether by 

Dow'er (dou'Sr), n. Endowment ; 

g'ft ; property with which a woman 
endowed, or to which a wife is entitled on her 
husband^s death. — Dow'ered (-erd), a. Fur- 
nished with dower, or a portion. — Dow'er-less 
(-er-16a^, a. Destitute of dower. — Dow'ry 
(dou'ry), n. Gift ; property which a wife brings 
her husband in marriage. 

Dowlas (douISs), n. Coarse linen cloth. 

Down (doun), n. Fine hairy outgrowth from the 
skin of animals or plants. — Down'y {-f)f a. 
Covered with down ; made of, or like, down ; 
soft; calm; quiet. 



Down (doun), n. A bank of sand near the diore, 
a tract of sandy, barren land ; pi. a road foi 

Down (doun), adv. In a descending direction; 
below ; on the ground, ^prep. Along a de- 
scent.^ a. Downcast; dejected; downright; 
plain ; flat ; absolute ; positive. — Down'caaf 
(doun'k&st/), a. Cast downward ; directed to 
the ground ; dejected, ^n. Melancholy look ; 
a ventilating shaft in a mine, drawing air down- 
ward. — Down'fall' (-^f^^)? *>• A descent from 
rank, reputation, happmess, etc. ; destruction ; 
ruin. — Downfall'on (-ft^P'n), a. Fallen; ru- 
ined. — Down'lieart'ed (-h&rt^6d), a. Dejected 
in spirits. — Down'hill' (-hTlO, n. Declivity ; 
descent ; slope. ^ a. Descending ; sloping. — 
Down'rlgbt' (-rit^), adv. Straight down ; per^ 
pendicularl y ; in plain terms; absolutely. ^ a. 
Plain ; unceremonious ; blunt ; absolute ; un- 
mixed. — Down'ward (-wSrd), Down'wards 
(-wSrdz), adv. From a higher place to a lower. 

— Down'ward, a. Descending. 

Down'y (doun'j^), a. Covered with down ; soft. 

Dow'zy, n. See under Dowbs. 

Dowse (dous), V. t See Donss. 

Dox-cFo-gy (d5ks-51'6-jj^), n. A short hymn of 

praise to God. 
Doze (dSz), V. i. [Dozed (dSzd^ ; Dozino.] To 

slumber ; to sleep lightly. — DOZ'V (doz'Jr), a. 

Drowsy; sleepy; sluggish. — Doz'1-ness, ». 
Doz'en (dfiz"n), n. & a. Twelve. 
Dral) (drSb), n. Thick woolen cloth of dull color ; 

a dull brownish color. ^ a. Of a dun color. 
DrabHble (drSl/b'l), v. t. To draggle ; to befoul. 
Draoliin (drSm), Dracli'ma (drSk'mA), n. A 

weight ; a dram. 
Draff (dr&f), n. Refuse; lees; dregs. — Draffy 

(drif^), a. Waste ; worthless. 
Draft (drift), n. Act of drawing ; a selection of 

men for military or other service ; an order for 

the payment of money ; a draught, sketch, or 

outline ; the depth of water necessary to float 

a ship; a current of air. See Deauoht.^v. 

t. To draw ; to outline ; to select ; to detach. 

— Drafts'man (dr&fts'man), n. Same as 

Drag (drSg), V. /. [Dbaooed (dri^d); Drao- 
GiNO.] To draw by force ; to pull ; to haul. ^ 
V. «. To be drawn along ; to move heavily or 
slowly ; to flsh with a drag. ^n. A net, to be 
drawn under water ; a sledge for heavy bodies ; 
a coach with outside seats. 

Drag'gle (drSg'g'l), v. t. & i. To drag on the 
ground ; to drabble. 

Drag'o-man (drSg'o-man), n.; pi. Dragomans 
(-manz). An Oriental interpreter. 

Drag'cm (drSg'fin), n. A fabulous winged ser- 
pent or lizard. — Drag'on-et (-St), n. A little 
drs^on; a fish of 
the Goby family. 
—Dragon fly. 
An insectivorous 
insect ; a mosquito 

Dra-goon' (dr&-go5n'), 
n. A mounted soldier ; 
a cavalryman. ^ v. t, 
[Dragooned (-goond'); 
[Dragooning.] To re- 
duce to subjection ; to persecute ; to harass. 

Drain (drSn), v. t. & i. [Drained (drand); 

Dragon Fly. 

ft, 9,1,5,11, long} ft, ^ I, ft, a, y, short} senftte, «Tent,ldea, dbey, tinite, cftre, ftrm, ask, nU, final, 


I^unHa,] To dnw oQ gndmllf I to sibuut. 

Itt«in'l«* (■*])• "-' A dnining; i 

Dnk* (dilk), n. Anu1«duck. 
"—- (drtm), n. A weight; — Id A) 
1.1 r eOjtr»iiiii — in-! 

poaition; »t™^.i > comedy; anlay — flu- 
marls (di*-mtc^k), Sn-nuVlo-il (-I-knl), a. 
PorUining to, or reflBmblioa, a drama. — Dl»- 
maflD-kMT.wlv.— Diun'R-tlit <drim'*-cltt), 

Dnpi (drip), V. 1. tpaiTBt (drSpC) ; Dbucis.] 
To covir 0[ adorn wilb dnpecy. — Srt'PM 
(da'pSr}, n. A dailsr In cloths. — Dn'Ea'-7 
(>.}), n. Cloth ; garmeiiti ; hanRing^ 

nn(kt(dilll),n, Act'otdraw 
nooTbig loadft^ of drioklng, etc. 
a reproKntatioa i a iketch ; mn c 
for payment of money ; a dm 


on),fi. One who I 
w (dr.), v.l.&i. 
ka™ (drsn) ; p. 

; pL a )fUDO played oi 

DnicIiU'miii (drift 

imp. Daiw (dni) ; p. 
: DBAwraa.l To dra 

drawbridge. —Hn'H'n ; 

garment tor the lega. — Draw-e»^ (dr)**!, n. 
— pMlW'lllg, n. Actot piimiigorattTactlng;a 
in a lottery^ ate. — DniwnNUlk' IdiybOt'). n. 
tended.— DnnnmocVC-hrl)'),!!. Abridge 

Dnvl (dritt), V. I. & i. [Drawud (drf)ld); 
DuwuNa.j To tpe-"- '- - -' — ' — ■•-— - 
bme.-_n. Lengthen. 

dra tf S^'^^'h 

Urns' (d^)", f- <-'&' (. To lear greatly.— ». 

— DnaatlQ (drid'rvl). 'a. Inspiring dread; 

— DiMltQl-lT, adv. — DiSKatDl-ngu. n. — 
Dnad'uncM' (-DAf), n. A feiileee peraon ; 

agaiugt fltorm and cold ; the cletb itielT. 
BiHja (dr&m), ft. A Bleeping vlaLon ; a reverie ; 

(drS^t); Drukiho.] To think in 
._ .- ^-e -trMun'nt-Sr), 

epi lo fancy; to iauurtne. — I 
- SnunT (J), a. Pull ol d 

DnOca (di«j), n 

'k^J^ m"' ' 

Bntti-U, "dv— 

U) (drSjd) ; 

a dredge. —DriflJrw^-Brj.n.' Oi 

llLE mMlllM. An engine to tak 

ndK*(dTi]),n. A mixture ol oats and barley. 
—V.I. ToilttorMirliilile(flour,etc.),oiin»*. 
Ing meat, etc — Jhttfn, R. A box with per- 
forated lid, for iprinkfing flour, etc 
Dng (drilg), n. Oomipt matter in a liquid ; 1«*; 
•ediment; refuse. — rrM'(i»ll (drtg'gllll), 
DlW'17 (-kJ). n. ContaiSng dregs ilouljfeo- 
nlent — Drat'll-BMa, ". 
raniHL (drenchli ". '. [DumBu IdrBncht); 
DaaBcHiKo.] To wBl thoroughly ; to doee. —B. 

Dnu (drSa), v. (. [DuaeiD (drSit) ; Duuuia.] 
To mate straight; to arrmi^a (sDldiera) in a 
itraight line ; to adjust ; to clothe ; to deck ; Ut 

I lady's gown. — Dini'ai, n. One who dreueiC 

manure. — Dr«U^ l-f), a. Attentlie to, or 
ihouy In, dreu. — Shu OMt A coat with 
Bkirts behind only. ~ Stiu ooAt. Fabiicafor 
women's gowns.— Dl»»»'nilk'»r(-mi'kar), ft. 

.-. [Dbibbuo (-ll'ld)j 

dropa; toslaver.^v. '. 

drops. — DribOlllt l-bWt), 

1, tub, nida, lifit, am, Itfod, IiRm, a 

Dtlbnile (drib'b'i), 

— - [JKO.] Toil 

tUlvin <-l*t). n. A'smidi pie7e',"pMti'or siiror 

Srl'er (dri'^), n. One who, or that which, dries. 

Drill (drift), n. A driving; direction in whir'- 

lythhig is driven ; Undency ; i^m ; purpor 

etal, etc. ; a mioer's puasge underground, i 
i. &I. To drive ; to form In heaps. 

It, oil. cluii, so, liiiKi i«k, Cben, ttaln 

Italll (clrlDi •■ <• [I>uun> (diTld) ; DULLDO.] Snll (dtnii «■ Coiiil«l;c 

TQplBn«;lo bore; topnrforita; <oi™ln(iior- —n. AK^ ----- 

dta»,eto.)!">dlMipUiie. — t.t Totrein(oiM'« (-Sr-fl, n 

•elt).— ». Apdnled imtmniBntforpLerciiigor " '• '- 

bimiu; tnlnlngof (Kldien.etc); eieicias. — 
Breo^iO. FerfOntlon with >driUi training 
by leptSed iisrcigM. — JMUfaMtlttl (-mte'- 
ttr), a. A tMCbsr of drill or gymnutic »«■ 
ciHi.— StUl pni l i A DUcUna lor drflUoa 


___il (drll)!*n? ___. 
Dilll'liif MrTlIng), 


Ill(drll). n. A 
Wlnf (dTTlIng 
KMoD f^irlc. 

.--=-„ [ftap. teuti (drtnk), 

fDrraerly l>£un(drd|ik)^p.e. DauiiK, Dhd^k- 
■■(-■o); p. pr. DUHKIHO.I TO m™llDw or im- 
bibe (liquoi;. — n. L^uld to be mllowed i 



). a. C. 

pable of beina 

R. AfaUiDglndrapi 

siipW (-p'oe)i 1 

IhU which It 


drop* ; tbf 

Dri»l <drH„ .. . ,....,. ,_, 

Suns (drry"n); p. pr. DmYIHa,] 

tJ. i. To nub onward ; to b« impellsl. — n, 
A ride Id ■ carri.go i a mid. — DrlV'M, »■ 

ELUD 1 DuvKuao or baivujjHa.-| I'd let spic- 

terance'; Doiue^ - DllT'd4r'('S™'S^ "a 
l»(drIl'j'l),tJ. *. To rain gently; 

wr ; ludlorga. 
s. — Droirfc-y 

, Tbe Anhlui 

1* <dron), B, 

Th* nule of the houybH ; k 

; iluggurd i ■ bumming, low, 
manawiiuiu aound.— r. <. [DBomiJ (£Slld); 
BsoMua.] To live ta Idlaoui ; to bum. 

Dn»[(dr5Di), t>. i. Todrirelordropnalin. 

Itooop (drtopj, V. i. [Uhocmd IdriSipt] ; D»oo^ 

to tag ; to languUb ; to decllns. 
Snip (drUp), n. The qiuatity of Quid whlcb lilli 
JO oue «miU] BpberlcHl moH ; bglobulo^ anything 

IdtM) ; DiiomBa.]"'To tali or let tJl. 
Dlop'aT (iJrBp'sJ), n. Mmhld oolleclion of wiitor 

in thB body. — Drop'il-fl«l (-.I-kmi, a. Of, 

pertaiDing to, or diaeued witb, dropey, — DtOp'- 

ll-Dtl-IlMW. n. 
DlM'kr (drCls'kJ!), n. A Euoiu low foup- 

Kbulcd arriua witbout a top. [Written iil» 

itroilitcUia »m drtiKhke,] 
Dnu (drS>|, n. Tbe Kum ot metili thrown oS 

inmslting; wmI«; refute. — DisM^ (-J), a. 

Composed of, roBembllng. or pertainii^ to, 

diou ( Impun ; woithleu. — Drou^-nMt, n. 
DiOngkt (drout), n. Dry we»tber ; tMr»l 

ItlSuivj (-J), a. Chontcteriied bydnnigbti 

wanting r^n ; dry ; arid ; thirsty. — DrilWlf - 

l-nMB,n.— DraDth|drouth),n. Drougbt. 
DiOVS (arBT), imp. ol Dai™. — n. A colleetioo 

of eattla driven. — Dio'Tn (dtyvBr), n. 
Drown (drounj, u. i. [Dbowskd Idround); 

»»(drou'rf),a. I 
ifeep; du^ ; stu] 
Dnw-H-MW. 1. 
Dnb (drOb), 1. 1. [DsmOTD (drfibd) ; Dsubbiho 

thump. — n. A blow ; ■ thom'p. — DiaVtK 
(-b*r). B. — SinbnUng, n. A beating. 

» .. . ... (driSJd); DaoD. 

Dnidt<(dr(U), 11. i. I 
uS7| To work ban 

fine 'rain or milt ; ralirie. — ^li'- 1 — Dniaf'w (- 

>,B,1.«, B, lone i «, A, !,«, tt, j),>borti I 

«, Srmt, tdu, Obey, nait^ 0*1*, ttnn, Mt, yll, auV 


DiU (difig), n. Ad7 niMuioe lued in oompo- 1 
klSoD of modiciiia, or In dvelng or la cbtttaical \ 
opflntlfflu i h commodity that licH od hand, or 
Isootnlible. — c.i. [DHDaaBii(drngd];DBDa- 
Bnro.} ToproKrtbaoT Adjuiuifltai drugL^fj. f- 

tWnginjuriouB; to dooe to eioMB. — Dniflllit 
^glrt), - ■ ^--'-- ■- ' "- 

129 DUN 

II (dSch'Ei). n. Tli« »[te c 
(dllch7), n. A dukediBU. 

Dralfl (driiad). n. 

clBnl Celtlo ptlMt.— 

... e Druid. — Dniria'io 

(dnj-tdtk), Drn-ld'Hm (I-kal), a. Perlaio- 
- ■" - "Trulda or tbair reli^oq- 

Dnm (drDiD), 


under wUer i aksttle drum, or I 
tM PHtj.— f. t rDiumuDl 
(drOmd) i DsDuiias.l To beM ^ 
OD k dnim, or with the flngfiTH, ^ 

to giith«F raomlts, ■ 
(with (WT) to eipel 'P 

tuDfl) OD B djoni 

oter.— Dnun'aiM 

(-rtlk'),n. Artickwilliwhjc 
I ; Dpp«r )r^t of & fowt'i lot 

Oliiaf drummer of h raglmeDl 
, Intoiicated; lnabriated. ~ 
1), a. Ooe «tia 

drluka U 

DniH (driip), .. 

Uinlag a out or Mone with a kernel.— Dni-p«'- 
omu ( dry - pi ' ehtU ), Orap'&Kdriip'iil), o. 
ProducLng, pertaininff to. or like, drupea. 

SrrCdri), a. [DumCdri^r); CuuT,] Having 

•hiewd; iharp.— p. i. & i. ' [Dbud (drid^l 

IttT^y, odr. — DrrMM, n, — Drl'BT (drfSr), 
B. One who, or that which dri«. — Oiriag, 
a. Quickly eithauRtin^ or loatog mf^eture. — 
Dry ftndi. Teitile fabrics, ne dletlDgulih«d 
from grocMlea. — Dry nans. A nureB who 
brinn up a child by baod. 

Dtt'U (drl'id), n. A wood nymph. 

Dt'tt (do%l). n. Union of two; duidllj,— 
Dn'tl (-al)i O- Ejiprfltoln^, conaietiiiir of, or 
belonging to, Ivo. — S v-*Mim(-Ti'ni), n. 

llnction. — Dn-al'l-tT^dajQIrfJ),!!. Diviiioni 

Dn'a-Un (dii'l-lln), n. In eiploelva preiHratloD 
of wood pLdp, nlCroglyoBrin, etd-i leu powerful 

Dnb (dlJb), F. /'. [DcnBD (dtilid) : DoBBraa.] 

To confer (a title) upon ; to call. 
Dn'U-OIU (du'bT-as), a. Not aettled ; doabtfiO ; 

U-OU-lT. ode. — S11I1I-OU.DM*. n, 

DVoil (diS'V"- " 


Dnok tdHk), ». A pel {'darling.' ~ 

Dull (dDkt), n. A tube ; oanu | puaago. 

Dio^ (dO^tll), a. EaaUy led or dr&wn out ; 
flealMa : pllahla ; eitenMUs 1 oomplluiC^JBB'- 
tllMlMt.DM-tUl-tT(dtlk«I11-»>,n. QiMlity 
of being ductile ; OeiluUtj \ pUableneH. 

Dud-Mir(dlid-En'), n. A ahint tobacco pipe. 

BadC'Mll (dlijlln), n. Tia root of the boi trv*; 
the hUt of A dagger \ a email dagger. 

Sadfton (dHj'finl.B. Anger 1 reaanlment. 

Dull (dOdi), n. pi. Old cfotbee ; beloo^gi. 

moment \ occaeioned. —adv. Directly ; atacUy ; 
doly.— n. That which la owed; debt; rlrtiti 


Dn-d (dH'81). n. A combat between two per- 
eona.— tJ. t. Sii. To Sght In single iwmbu. — 
Sn^al-iit <-Tat), n. One who llgbis In ttngle 
combat.— gDn-*I'lo(da.«lie).n. Adueljprac- 

Dn-mt^ (dl^D'Dl). n- An elderly hidy In 
Dharge of young ladles la a Spanish or Portu- 
guese family ; a goremeae. 

Dn-flf (dtt.Af). n. A mualcu oompodUon for 

Du, <m£. Si p. p. of Dia. 
Dull (dukj, H, A nobleman of the hlgheat rank. 
— Snka'aJaiB (-dtim), n. Estate, title, or nnk 

Dnl'Mt (doi'i 
Dnl'ol-mM (d 

dSt), n- A etringed mu^cal 

,. ... Jtupld; slow; blunt; obtuK 
— c. (. [DDum (dOld); DuijjNe.] 1 
tOitapof}-; to dim. — V. i. To bMon 

Df beaTV ipheref 

words; paotomime. 
Dnm'my idBm'mJl, n. One 
. who Is dumb ; sham packa^ 

or OBurB Bihihiled In ehope ; liuhid-dciw. 

a noSeelesa locomotive ; the 

fourth or eipoeed hand when three persona 

play at cards. ^ a. Silent; sham. 
DmM (dHmp), n. A glDomy state of tba mind ; 

melancholy : despondency ; — ueually in thn pL 

— Dung'lih, B. Dull; moping; melancholy. 
Dump fdomp), 1. 1. [t>DjipaD (diunt) ; DnupiHo.l 

To unload from a cart by lllthig it up. — n. A 

OUBp^it flflmp'llng), n. ' A kbid of pudding. 
])llll»^(dllmp^), a. Short and thick. 
SwCdan). a. Of a dark color ; gloomy. 

1, aiB, MM, ftfMi out, oU, ebali, en, si 




Dun, (dVn), V. /. To cure (codfiah) hy piling 
them, when salted, in a dark place. 

Dun (afin)i v. t. & i, [Dunhsd (diSnd) ; Dw- 
Nnro.] To urge for payment of a debt. ^n. 
An uraent creditor ; demand for payment. 

Dnaoa (dlins), n. One without learning or weak 
in intellect ; a blockhead ; a simpleton. 

Dui'veon (diSn'jfin), n. A dark, cloae prison, 

Du'oTdu'^), n. A duet. 

Dn'O-dao'i-mal (du^t-dSsT-mal), a. Proceeding 
in computation by twelves, ^n. pi. Multiplica- 
tion in which the denominations proceed by 
twelves. — Du'O-dOOl-mo (-m6), a. Formed of 
sheets folded so as to make twelve leaves. ^ n. 
A book thus folded, or the size of such a book ; 
— usually written 12mo. or 12^. 

ODu'O-da'niim (du'ft-dS'niim), n. The first of the 
small intestines. 

Dlipo (dup), n. One duped or misled ; a gulL ^ 
V. t. [DuPBD (dupt); Duping.] To deceive; 
to trick ; to mislead. 

Dv^le (du'pn), DDn^lez (du'plfika), a. Double ; 
twofold.— Dn^ll-oatO (-plT-ktt), a. Double; 
twofold. ^ n. An exact copy ; a counterpart. ^ 
V. t. To double ; to copy ; to divide into two. — 
Du'pU-oatlon (-kS'shon), Du'pU-oa-tnxe (du'- 
plT-k&-tttr), n. A doubling ; a fold. 

DVrPllo'i-ty ( da-plTsT-t^ ), n. Doubleness of 
heart, s(<eech, or dealing ; deceit ; deception. 

Dn'ra-llle (du'r&-b*l), a. Lasting; permanent; 
firm; constant. — Dll'ra-llill-ty (-bHI-ty), 

Dn'm-Ue-nass,!!. — Dn^a-bly (-bi]^), adv. 

Dlir'anos (dur'ona), n. Continuance ; duration ; 
imprisonment ; duress. — Du-ratioil (dtl-za'- 
shiin), n. Quality of enduring ; continuance. 

Dlltass (du'i^ or dti-rSs'), n. Hardship ; con- 
straint ; imprisonment. 

Durtng (diirang), prep. In the time of ; as long 

Dvnt, imp. of Daeb. 

Dusk (dfisk;, a. Tending to blackness ; darkish. 
— n. Imperfect obscurity ; twilight ; color par- 
tially or dark. — Dusk^ (-j^), a. Partially dark ; 
gloomv. — DUBkl-ly, adv. — Diukl-ness, n. 

Dust (attst^, n. Fine dry particles of earth; 
powder ; the grave. ^ v. t. To free from dust ; 
to sprinkle with dust. — Dvst'er, n. One who 
dusts ; a brush or utensil for dustii^ ; an over- 
rarment to exclude dust from the clothing. — 
I^nsfy (-J^), a. Filled or covered with dust ; 
like dust. — DnyTl-nois, n. 

Dutoh (dtteh), a. Pertaining to HoUand, its in 
habitants, or their language, ^n. The people 
or language of Holland. 

Duty (du'#), n. That which is due ; obligation ; 
obedience ; respect ; tax or customs. — DntA* 
OUB (-tt-fia), a. Performing what is due ; obe- 
dient. — Dnte-OlU-ly, a(2v. — Dute-ons-aeBS, 
n. — Duti-a-blO (-tl-A-bl), a. Subject to the 
payment of duty. — Dn'tL-fnl (-fyl j, a. Du- 
teous ; reverential ; submissive ; respectfuL — 
Sn^-fnl-ly, adv. — Du^-fnl-ness, n. 

DWBXf (dwf^rf ), n. An animal or plant below the 
common size. — v. 4. [Dwarfbd ( dwf|rf t ) ; 
DwABViNO.] To hinder from growing ; to stunt. 
— D WBXf 'ish, a. Like a dwarf ; venr small. 

Dwell (dwSl), v. i. [DwELLBD (dwSld), usually 
contr. DwsLT (dw61t) ; Dwkllimo.1 To reside ; 
to continue ; to stay ; to remain. — D well'er, n. 
An inhabitant ; a resident. — Dwelling, n. A 
habitation ; an abode ; a domicile. 

Dwin'dle (dwTnM'l), v. i. To diminish ; to waste 
away, —n. Process of dwindling ; decline. 

Dyo (di), V, t. [Dtsd (did) ; DmNO.] To stain ; 
to color. — n. Coloring matter ; tinge. — Dy'er, 
n. One who dyes cloth, etc. 

Dying (di^ng), a. About to die ; pertuning to 
death or to the hour of death. 

Dyke, n. See Dikb. 

Dy-namlc (dt-nSm'Tk or dT-), Dy-nam1o-al 

(-T-kal), a. Pertaining to strength or power, or 
to dynamics. — Dy-nam'iCS (-tks), n. Science 
of force and motion. 

Dy'na-mite (di'n&-mit or dTn^A-), n. An explo- 
sive preparation of nitroglycerine absorbed by 
infusorial earth, sawdust, etc. — Dylia-mi'ter 
(-mi'tSr), n. One who uses dynamite, esp. to 
destroy life or property. 

Dy'na-niD (di'n&-mc or dTn'A-), n. A dynamo- 
electric machine. — Dy'na-mo-e-ledrlo (-^ 
Ifik'trTk), a. Pertahiing to the development of 
electricity; producing electrical currents by 
mechani(»l power. 

Dy'nas-ty (di'nas-ty or dln'as-ty), ». Sover- 
eignity ; a race of kings, of one family, who gov- 
ern a particular country. — Dy-nas^tLc (dt-nSa^- 
tTk or dT-), a. Relating to a dynasty. 

Dys-pep'si-a (dTs-pSp'sT-A or -8h&), Dys-pep'iy 

(-1^), n. Disturbance of the stomach ; difficulty 
of digestion. — Dys-pep^C (-tTk), a. Afflicted 
with, pertaining to, or consisting in, dyspepsia. 
^ n. One afflicted with dyspepsa. 


Sadl (Sch), a. or a. pron. Every one of a rnimber 
considered separately. 

Ea'ger (e'eSr), a. Keenly desirous ; ardent ; ear- 
nest — fia'ger-ly, adv. — Ea'ger-ness, n. 

Sa'gle (e'g'l), n. A rapacious bird of the Falcon 
family ; a gold coin of the United States, worth 
f 10 ; a Roman or French standard. — Ea'glet 
(S'glSt), n. A young eagle. 

Bar (er), n. The organ or sense of hearing ; atten- 
tion ; heed ; sense of melody. — EaPlesS, a. 
Without ears ; deaf. — Earlnark' (-mSrk'), n. 
A mark (on an animal^s ear) for identification ; 
a distinguishing mark. ^t>. /. To mark (sheep, 
cattle, etc.) by slitting the ear. — Ear 'ring' 

(-rTng'), n. A ring worn, hanging from the ear, 
as an ornament. — Ear'sIloV (-shSf), n. The 
distance at which words may be heard. 

Ear (er), n. A spike of grain, containing the ker> 
nels. ^v.i. To form ears (of com). 

Earl (erl), n. An English nobleman ranking be- 
low a marquis. —Earl'dom (SrlMttm), n. The 
jurisdiction or dignity of an earl. 

Early (Sriy), o. Forward ; timely ; not late. — 
adv. Soon ; in good season ; betimes. 

Earn (Sm), v. t. [Eabsbd (8md); Earning.] 
To merit or acquire by service or performance. 
— Eam'iX^, n. Money earned ; wages. 

Ear'nest (er'nSst), n. Seriousness; reality; 

t, 6, 1, 5, 0, long i ft, «, 1, 6, a, t, short ; lenftte, «vmt, tdea, 6bey, ftnita, o4i«, ttnn, ^bak, ||U, 1^ 



Bvtb (irth) n. 
dveUiofT pUc« I 

1 ; t lokeu, — BunMt mnuy. 

%B world) or jduwt no 
I moTtala 


— Eajt]L'T<a- Goiulit- 
Inn of. or relatiDo to, earth i wrreetrial : vn 
-ailht-n™, n^-EtrUny (-IJ), a. I 

BirUIUii, n. A mort^. 

B«itii'(iik»' (anhiiwik'). ■ 

Bu-Wlr (ir/wYg'). ». An ln»ct T«lgwlj »up- 

BaSli^ S™?r^™'ft^m pun, trDubIa, sM. 

CJ[*MD(farf)"; KlilKO.] ToquletitomlligmtB 

to calm - fe«7 (fc'JI. «■ . Jf™ from p^ 

H»'Ml(S'r'li,». Aftam, 

siut«ni parti of Uw 
earth ; orisnt — a. 
Toward or from tbs 


BMt'er-lT^fij). I ^ 

o. Coming from the ^ g; 

eaatwiud i iltuated or -^ E, 

movlqg Wward the 
eut^fflfE'. Toward ir---i 

the eiwt - But'ira ""'■ 

(.Xn^ n. gicutMd or dwellinE in. or moving 
B bmL — Hut'wm i-wtSii), adv. 

I.* ThefeBtlTalofCloistlnwii- 

Eu'y, a. See under Rui. n. 

B*t (it), V.I. Hi. [imp. An (Xt), BbKleicenl & 
coUog. ElT (St) i p. p. Uatui (Sf 'u), Bbt. or 
eo/JiH. Bat (St); y. pr. Etnua.] Tocbewand 

atta lirnSr), 

corrode. — fitt'sr^ n- 

n. pi. l4wer edgBfl of 

— BnM'drop'pa (-drr^- 


OL (61/Gii), a. Co nidHtIn g trf, or Uk«, obooT i 
•ck. --EVaa-iM (-iij, f. I. To make blaok 
Le sbony. — EVo-n; (-9^-} ), n. A hud, 

; black.— EVn^lto'(-it),n. Sbck 

fulcaniiod India rubber. 
t-tj),n. Iut< 

E-Ws-ty ci-l 

B-lna/itaait (5-bm'jml), a. BoiUngoreri bub- 

bllng; eicitfid, — Eb'nt-lltliin (fib'Ol-IIlll'Oll), 

Ji. A boiling : an elferveseence- 
nfruitrf' (t'kiir'tft'). n. A game of oarda, amall j 

two-bandod, In which playera ma; diKard Uw 

card! de^t, and receive others from the pack. 
"- l«i.«antrlk), a. DevUting ttom Uw 

0«ii'til<i-al (-tri-l 
trlo-il-lr, ttdv. - 

Eo-lllt''ll-utla (A-Ue'iI-b'tlk), a. Pertaining 

mautapHHt. — EO-iSB'«l-U^a-al(-il-kal},a. 
KcclMiaatic. -~Eo-i>le'Bl-u'llO-il-9, adv. 
Bok'O (ik'A), n. Sound reOecWd or reTerberatsd 
to the ear. — o. 1. ft i. [Ecuou («k'<Sd) ; Boa- 
otno-i IVi reverberate ; to reiound. 

if[t-k]iC; F. t'klV), n. 
(TlO («-iaitIk),'a. Bele 

.n interoepUcu or ofaeoi^ 

E-ollpu' (t-UIpf),!!. 

V.I. '^'LUM™|'£k]Ipei') ; 'Einh^MMoon." 
B-oUrtlo (t-kllp'tik). n. Tlie apparent path of 

EoOOflw (nOSg), n. A pastoral poem; a bo- 

B-Min'e-mT (*-l'Sn'8-m|), n. Management of do- 
uieatic aSalre, ilea ot any undertaking, corpo- 
ratloii, etale. eM. ; a ayBlem of mlea by which 
anything IB managed ', thrift; (mgality. — B'M- 
uomlo jl'kA-uGin'Ik or ik't-). frco-noaat^ 
(-I-kal), a. Pertaining to economy or to the 
manuement of atfaira. — FOfr-IUmlt-kt-lT' 
adn. With economy; frugally. —B'M^nom'lM 

Itn, r*o«nt, 4rb, rsda, tifO, Ola, f<R»d, tifltt, out, oili duir, go, alOB, iQk, ttaM, U 


^Btm^t'-miat), n. Oh wbu ( 
or It conTBnuit irlth poUtiul esoDomj'. - 
B^MS'a-mlM (-niu),v. t. To lua prudently o 
frugally, ^ t. i- To muiuo prudently- 
EO'lIa-17 (»'u*-'l). n. Eicudm ioy. m 
ture; mniy. — £o-ttlt'le(«k-iIIt'(k), s 
Tranflportlng ■ ~ 

IS (Sk'it 


a4),ft- ADlnOuaDutoi^dl 
] rednOBa, Bruption, kud it<!t 

Bfl'fly (M'dJ), n. A ourrOQl of iJr 
□inv back, or ia a c^irculAr direction 
—I. i. [BnDUD («d'dld) i Eddyd 


■ntlng lore t 

, Bhup tide ; 

Id (mt, a. Sliup ; 


Oontnctliiii tor Evur. 
Crj. Conlnctlsa for Em. 
'-Ila'), B. <■ [EniciD (-Otto ; Xnl- 

t (-mcnt), q. Acl of eUacuiff. 

■tft*'), n. ThU which iBdoae; te- 
■ult i floueqneDCe ; bnpnaahBi produced ; elA- 
ol«icy;^.K<iod>>^o. f. Ta produce ; to bring 

- {£lMf nm. Bt-iwta, n. -^MNmi* 

(-1-bU), 0. Capiu>la of being achieved ; pnto- 
ticable; tewdbl^ — Bf-taonTe (JlktlT), a. 

effirsciouai lordUe; Ktlni merntic — U- 
tMsflT^-lr, <uto.— H-fMrt^lVfr-DMi, n. — Bt 
IW>^-U < -Ct-al ). a. Adequate 1 effloEent ; 
deciMn.— BMM*n^a-^, odt. - BI-tMtHlr 

iM>.n- — BMM^-tta(4t), n. f. To effect, 
" — ' —^ (W-ftenrt-nit), o. Soft or delicate 


• ifim 

H-nBl-utfr-naw, n. 

llBI-i«a'dl (U-nn'dli. Ik u>Hr;«r; — Dueoi 

a TnrUfda ottolil aad man learned in the ^v. 
BMtr-TNaf («'fSr.T«e'), v. t [EnuvBwiD 

•tateof'ebulliUoni to bubble and iJu-^Bflir- 
TM'OMd (-TiAent), a. Oenthi boiling or bub- 
bUng. -BtfW-nvWM <-«nt). ^te-TM'- 
0BHT(-Hit4),ii. An efferveecli^ ! ebullition. 

B^t■tt' [if-fltn, 0. Barren ; worn out ; used up. 

BMtoardou t^'tT.U'BhnB), a. FradncUve ol 
elffliria ; effectual ; powerful. — EfUHM'ttlnlu- 
17, wtc. — EtUu'idost'nan.Bni-M-eTt-U- 
S), n. Virtue 1 force ; euergy. 

Bf-U'Olmit (Sf-flsh'ent), a. Caniing effecta ; pro- 
ducing reaulta ; etteotual ; nunpaCent ; able. 
— n. The agent or ouiae whkb producu. — 
Et-fFolaiiUy, adv. —Ef^'doioi f«n>), Bf-tr- 
elMtOX (-ntsj), n. Tlio quality of being effi- 
cient ; porrer to produce tbe elTect intended. 

BHHry«l'«-Jfl."- An image of a person. 

BfflO-IHO*' |ll'Bt-r«B'), «. I. [EmoEUCtD 

(-ren') ; Emouscpie (■i«9'aTng).] To form a 

whiUat, mealy, or crjatalline powder on tbe 

■ _ Btno-rM'OWt (-iWKnt:^ a. Liable 

ivered with, elflatsioeaDe. — KVi>TN'- 


Bd'l-ll-ratliiii, etc. See under EDm. 
EA'l-Hea (Mi-tie), n. A buUdhlg : a fabric 
Bl'i-Iy IMI-fi), ... I. [Edifih) (-fid) i Brnn^ 

Ed'i-tl-aitlaii (-fl-kS'hhtlnJin. Inntructlon. 
E'tfUs (E'dil), n. A Roman magiatrate. 
Bdlt (Mlt), r. (. ptniraD; EBITDfO.] To 

mperintend tbe publlcaCion of; to prepare for 

publication. — Esl-toi (-I-tSt), b. (foe who 

edits, or preparei {» book, oewipaper, elc.Jfor 

publication. — Bd''i-t(rtl-ll(-ta'rl-al), o. Per- 

articl^' by'a'n editor. ~ Xdl-tn-lUV Kd^-tar- 
Bblpl, n. BuaineH of an editor. —B^lthm 
(t-dTah'Dn), R. An hnpreeiion of a literal; 
w/«-ir - f-ho number of copies publEahed at once. 
■B-kSlj.H.f. To bring up (a child): 

cipuuo. — iS'n-iiator (-kS'tSri, b.— B*'n-0»'- 
tton (-kyabBn), B. InetrucOon; teaeWng ; 
nurture; breeding. — Bd'n-l)*tlOD-*l (-al), n. 
Pertaining to education. — Et'n-attlim-llt, n. 

B-4«0^'(6-dii?),"«!'(.° ^Bm™ (-dSm/li Eon- 

<Oe.] To draw forth ; to elicit; to extract. — 

E^notOT (-dOk^r), n. — E-4tioTlMi (-ebOn), 
B»t (SI), B. An elongatfld. aciiSelike flih. 
1, •,!,«, a, long; A, e,l, ft, a,t,ihDitiHBate,6niit,ldH, aba;, finite, cft»,linu,Aak,«ll,bia^ 

of efRoieadng bod- 

■ wg 

Brau(^aui^Bt'illlz1u(-B)ik'>h<1n), fl. A 

l^Smn), m. An Biertion of Blrengtb or 

power ; gtniggle : attempt : trial ; enay. 
B^tnufW-r (H-frlinfSr^), b. Eiceealie *b- 

'{BIIt(ef-fU']«it>,a.' ZHfluting a flood ol 
t; abming; bright; aptendid^ — BttBl'- 
"- --■- El-tnl'iaitM (Sf-fili'jnu), b- 

mnt-ly, arfip 




Spraading loosely. — Ef-fn'lloii (-fu'shOn), n. 
A imuring out. — Ef-fn'slTO (-«Tv), a. Pouring 
out ; pouring forth largely ; gushing. — Ef-ln'- 
•iTe-ly, adv. — Ef-fn'slve-iiess, n. 

Bft (Sft), n. A small lizard ; a salamander ; a 

Egg (Sg), n. A spheroidal body formed in a fe- 
male oviparous animal, containing the germ of 
its youi^. 

Egg (fig), v. t. [EaoED (6gd) ; EoaiMO (6g^ng).] 
To urge on ; to instigate. 

Eglan-tine (6g^an-tin or -tin), n, A species of 
rose ; sweetbrier. 

E'gO-lsni {Wgt'Xz^m or Sg'i-), n. Subjective 
idealism; excessive love of self; egotism.— 
E'gO-tLnn ^-tli*m), n. The practice of too fre- 
quently usmg the word // self-praise ; self- 
conceit : vanity. — E'gO-tist, n. One who talks 
much of himself and his affairs. — ^E'gO-tLl'tiO, 
E^gC-tl8tl0-al (-tT-kal), a. Addicted to, or 
manifestii^. egotism; vain ; opinionated. 

E-gre'glons (d-gre'jiis or -jT-tis), a. Extraordi- 
nary ; remarkable ; enormous ; precious. — 

B-gre'gloiu-ly, adv. 

B'gress (e'grSs), E-gres'slon (i-grSshlin), n. A 
going out ; a departure. 

E'gret ( e'grSt ), n. A kina of small heron ,* a 
heron's feather; a flying, feathery crown of 
seeds. — E-gr0tt6' (e-gr6f ), n. A tuft of feath- 
ers, diamonds, etc. ; an ornament of ribbons. 

Ell (a or 6), inlerj. An expression of inquiry or 
slight surprise. 

Ei'der (i'dSr), n., EldOT duck. A sea duck of re- 
mote northern regions, 
producing a fine down, 
which is an article of 
commerce. — Eidor 
dowiL Down of the eider 

Elcllt (at), a. Twice four in 
number. — n. The num- 
ber greater by a unit than 
seven ; the sum of four and four ; a sjrmbol 
representing eight units, as 8 or viii. — Blghtll 
(atth), a. Next after the seventh ; consisting 
of one of eight equal jMirts into which anything 
is divided. ^ n. An eighth part ; in music, the 
interval of an octave. — Eighthly (-lj^)i adv. 
In the eighth place. 

Elght'oen' (a'tSnO, n. Twice nine in number. — 
n. The number greater by a unit than seven- 
teen ; sum of ten and eight ; symbol represent- 
ing eighteen units, as 18 or xviii. — Eight'- 
Mnth' (S'tenthO, a. Next after the seventeenth ; 
consisting of one of eighteen equal parts into 
which anything is dividM. —> n. One of eighteen 
eoual parts ; the eighth after the tenth. 

Eighty (a't^), a. Eight times ten ; fourscore. 
^ n. The sum of eifht times ten ; a symbol rep- 
resenting eighty units, as 80 or Ixxx. — Elght'l- 
Oth (-Sth), a. Next after the seventy-ninth ; 
consisting of one of eighty equal parts into which 
anything is divided. — n. One of eighty equal 

El'thor (S'tfaSr or i'tfaSr), a. & pron. One or 
the other ; — properly of two things ; each of 
two; the one and the other. ^ con;. Either 
precedes two. or more, coordinate words or 

{»hrases, and is introductory to an alternative, 
t is correlative to or. 
E-Jac'll-late («-jSk'fi-lSt), v. t & i. To throw 

Eider Duck. 

out (an exclamation). — E-Jao'U-latlon (-jSk'- 
fi-la'shiln), n. Uttering of a short, sudden ex- 
clamation; exclamation or prayer uttered.— 
E-Jao^n-la-to-ry (-jSk^-Urtft-rj^), a. Casting or 
throwing out ; uttered in short sentoioes. 
E-]eot' (t-j8)rt/)j V, t. To throw out ; to cast forth ; 
to expel ; tooispossess. — E-Jeotl01l(-j8k'shfin), 
n. Act of ejecting ; discluurge ; expulsion. — 
Er]6Ot'ni0Bt (-jSkt'mtfnt), n. Impulsion ; a legal 
writ to recover possession of landed property. — 
E-Jeet'or (-jSk'tSr), n. One who ejects, or dis- 
possesses another of his land. 
EkO (ek), V, L [ExxD (ekt); Ekhtg.] To in- 
crease ; to enlarge ; to extend. —adv. Also ; in 
addition; likewise. 
E-laVo-rato (tolSb'ft-nt), v. f. To produce with la- 
bor ; to perfect with painstaking, ^o. Wrought 
with labor ; prepared; studied ; high-wrought — 
E-laVo-rat»-ly, adv. — E-laVo-ra'tor (-ra'tSr), 
n. — E-laVo-ration (-ril'shiSn), n. An elabo- 
rating. — E-UVo-ra-tivs ( - ISb ' i - r&- tiTv ), a. 
Serving to elaborate. 
E-lalns {t'Wln)j B-U'ln, n. The liquid princi- 
ple of oils and fats. 
E'land (e'lond), n. The Cape elk, a South Afri- 
can antelope ; the moose. 
E-lap8</ {t-Vkgf\ V. L [Elafskd (-ISfsf) ; Elaps- 
ing.] To dide, slip, or glide by ; to p«ias away 
silently, as time. 
E-las^O (^ISs'tlk), a. Springing back; having 
the property of returning to a previous state or 
condition, after being depressed or overtaxed. 
^ n. A belt or garter made of elastic materiid. 
— E^UUhtlo'l-ty (e^lSs-tls^-tJ^), n. Springi- 
ness; rebound. 
E-lato'*(6-lat'), a. Lifted up ; elevated ; high in 
spirits ; flushed with confidence ; lof^ ; swell- 
ing, —v. t. To exalt the spirit of ; to flush with 
success. — E-la'tlon (-la'shtin), n. Inflation of 
mind ; pride, resulting from success. 
EllMW (el'bi), n. The joint connecthig the arm 
and forearm ; a flexure or angle, ^v. t. & i. 
[Elbowko (-bSd) ; Elbowdto.] To push with 
the elbow ; to jostle. — ElObOW-ClUdr' (-chftr'), 
n. A chair with arms to support the elbows ; an 
armchair. — EIlMW-XOOm' (-room'), n. Room 
to extend the elbows ; scope for action. 
Eld'er (61'dSr), a. Older ; more advanced in age ; 
senior. ^ n. One who is older ; a senior ; an 
ancestor ; a person who, on account of his age, 
is ruler or adviser, as in a church. — El'dfiT-Iy 
(-1^), a. Somewhat old ; past middle age. — 
El'der-sUp, n. Office of an elder ; seniority. 
El'der (81'der), n. A shrub having white flowers 

and dark red ferries. 
EUL'eit (61'dSst), a. Oldest; most advanced in 

E-lOOt' (t-18kf), a. Chosen ; selected from among 
two or more. ^ v. t. To pick out ; to make choice 
of ; to select by vote. ^ n. One chosen or set 
apart. — E-leot'OT (*-18k'ter), n. — E-lect'or-al 
(-tSr-al), a. Pertaining to an election or to 
electors. — E-lOOtlon (-shtin), n. Act or power 
of choosing; choice; free; discernment; pref- 
erence. — E-lOO'tlon-Mr' (-sh&n-SrO, v. i. To 
use arts for securing the election of a candi- 
date. — E-IOOt'ive (-ISk^Tv), a. Pertaining to, 
consisting in, or dependent on, choice ; bestowed 
by election. — E-Ieot'lTO-ly, adv. 
E-Iectrlo («-l8ktrTk), E-lectrlo-al (-trT-kal), o. 
Pertaining to electricity. — E-Ieo'tXlO-al-ly, adv. 

finii reoent, 5rb, r^de, f ^^ <lm, f<Rid» fijbt, out, oil, oliair, go, sinK, i^k, then, tbin. 


-BOM-tri'idu (S'lSk-trlBh'oD). n. Onanrwd 
In the Kwiuw ol «)«sCTlDlty. — B'lM-tilc^-tjr 
(^Iaa-lJ),«. A foros or poirer in Mturr - 
bJ biting itssU in ligbtali^, Iha ittnction i 
putnoD of certain Hibatimc«, tbe pnductl 
bait, Ught, coDcuulon, nhemlotl ctauinw, 
KinieeoItbigfDroe. — frlM^lMTd-iati- ._,. 
" 'u(-ttli),«j- To chm^vltb electric- 

ity It 

re An electric shw^ to ; 1 

d«4r ; w mrprlH — Btie-tiiil'o-cy (-triUt -ff), 
A. Bdenoe of the pheDomeM una prinofpleB of 
eleetricitr.— B'lM-tnlY-ds(-[-<>Ig),n. Obem- 

ioftl deoompoitton by electric iictlou. ■— tlM'- 
In-UC'IuMlB (t-ISk'trt-mb/nKlrli'm), n. 
Kactuuim developed iv wi electiie ^current ; 
BcLencfl of DHpietiti denjopmeotuid of tbe our- 
tmta evnlied. — FDMcou^tW (flik-ttCnirt- 
t3r)t n. An inHtrument to moamro tbe qunotity 
or intanalty of electcidty. — B-lM'tny-notiir 
(t-ISk'trt-miVtic), ». A mover or exciter of 
electricity ; ■ppentni or maobine for drecting 
motion and meduuncal eflecte hy electricity. — 
IMNtiiKtTpa {-tip), n. A facsimile metallic 
plate, mad m priDtmg ^ aprintf»nnBuchaplKt«. 

B-l»Ma-«-17 (l-ISk'ta-t-?J). n. Amodl^^^m- 

poHd of powdera, made into a conioctiou. 
Ht«-B0i7-««-I7(«l^-m)Wi-ut-rf ), D. Given 

Elt^gUM (Elt'-gaua), n. QuaUty of being ele- 
gant; Ijeauty reeulting from grace and »flnB- 
ment — Et'e-Iint (-gnnt). a. Graceful) teau- 
tif ul ; refined. — El'>-gUlt-lT, adv. 

SVt-fJ (Sit-lJ), «. A mootniul poem ; (umerenl 

Hnu.— Bl'»fllt(-lTat),n. Aw 
log to, or need In, aleglea. — n. 

tblof t an Ingredient ; a rimple portion of Bome- 
tbing comidKi 1 ■ nidimetit ^ j>f. tbe bread and 
wb» need In Uie eucharUt. — El ' e - men ' til 
t-mSntol), a. Pertaining to, or produced by, 
elemente. — El'e^UBii'U-ry (-ti-t))|, a. Ter- 

Slf^jlUat (dr^Iant), n. A quadruped of India 

and Africa, tbe Inrgeet eiiating m 
hafl a pro^scia, and two lar^ ivo 
Ett-pluiitins (-tUntlii). a. Huge 

{Bl'e-MU-tl'R-alB (gl't-ISn-ti'^ia), i 
of the ebin, Ten<tHring it tliick and 
an elepbant^H hide. 

El'e-TaU (n'«-vlt), V. t. To eialt ; I 
cheento animate. — n. Elevatedii 
— El'ft-Ti'tN', n. — Bl'e-T«1iini («!' 
n, A raiting ; exaltalioo ; elevated 



B-I«T'»n(t-U!v^),o. Ten and Ol 

eleven parts into which a tbing ie divided, ^n. 
One of eleven e<|ual rarte. 

ISl(eil), n.; pi, Elvb (filvi). An imaoinary di- 
minutive spirit 1 iprilSi goblin. -Blf In (Jin), 
a. PerlauiJng loelvea.»-n, A little elf or ur- 
cbin. — BU^I-Tib), 0. Elflike ; miechievouj. 

R.lls>lt (S-iltOft), V. t. To draw out ; to diecloao. 

B-lld*' (t-Ud'). «- <- lDCutoao[«i|qtreB(Bayl- 

!• (Kll-tl-bl), 0. LwallyqualiBiidj de- 

iPrelersble.— BI'l-lfMII-tT(-bm.tJ), 

BlOfl-Uft-un, n. - EFi-d-tlT. adv. 
E-llni'f-n«l» (t-lIniT:-iiItl, B. (. To cause to di* 

duce; to liiier. — E-llm'1-ni 


Tvotd, phrase,' etc.). — Bl-Ul 

(-soidj.n. A solid, aU plan 

tlone of which are ellipsea or cir- fl>ip«e- 
clee. — Xl'llp-Vlifaal (Blllp^ol'dol), it. Fer- 

— Bi Win (K-iip'nii). m-iipme-^ (-tfE^ 

B'Up-tm'l-ty(BI'ltp.t°e^^^,'«. Deviaam 

Elm mm), n. A shade tree.' 
El'MUtlWl Ifl'S-ku'shOn), n. Mods nf ..«*~«~ 
or delivery. — Bl'o-anllon-R-iT (-t- 


l-l^e' (e-isp 

El'0-(inanOB {Sl'J-kwens), n. Beautiful or forci- 
ble erpreasion of thought ; oratory- — El'O- 
gnant (kwcnt), a. Kipressing emotion in an 
eHectlve manner. — Bl'lHinent-ly, adv. 
11m (Sis), a. & pnm. Otiier ; one or something 

ent.— I!lM^rtl»r«'(-h'wltr'),ad«. In any other 

l-l«'t!l-a«t» (S.lH'sMIt), r. (. To make clear; 
to e.piain : to (llustnitp. — E-la'ul-ta'tcr {■df- 
ISr). n. — S-lU'ol-datlon (i-lu'sMrabttn), n. 

: i aanate, event, tdea, ftbej, Anita, cAre, ilrm, Aak, nil, flM^ 




Explanation; exposition; illnstration. — E-ln'- 
Ol-da^tlve (i-lu'si-da^tTv), a. Making clear. 

E-lnde' ($-lud'), V. i. To avoid by stratagem ; to 
evade ; to escape. — E-lud'1-ble (-t-b'l), a. Ca- 
pable of being eluded. — E-ln^sion (^-lu'zhttn), 
n. Sscape ; evaaion. — E - In ' siYe (-sTv), a. 
Tending to elude. — E - In ' BO - ry {-ait-TSh a. 
Evasive; fallacious; deceitful. 

Elve (61v), n. Old form of Eur. — ElT^iflll (61'- 
vlah^, a. Pertaining to elves. 

E-lyi'l-an (i-lTzh'an or -T-«ni), a. Pertaining to 
Elysium ; blissful. — E-lys'i-nm (e-lTzh'&m or 
-T-um), n. Tiie abode of happy souls after death ; 
any delightful place. 

Bm (6m), n. Formerly, the space in printing occu- 
pied by the letter m (then a square type), used 
as a unit for measuring printed matter. 

E*llia'ol-ate (S-mS'shT-St), v.L&t. To make or 
grow *lean ; to waste away. — E-ma'Oi-a'tion 
(-a'shiin), n. Leanness. 

Bm'a-nate (6m'&-nat), v. i. To issue forth from 
a source ; to take origin : to proceed ; to issue ; 
to spring. — Em'a-Iiant (-nant), a. Emanating ; 
issuing. — Em'a-na'tion (-nS'shfin), n. A flow- 
ing forth ; that which issues or proceeds from 
any source ; effluvium ; efflux. 

E-man'Oi-pate (e-mSn'sT-pa^, V. /. To set free 
from servitude or evil influence. — E-man'oi- 
pa^tor (-palter), n. — E-man'ci-pa'tion (-sh&n), 

n. Deliverance ; liberation ; release ; freedom. 

E-mas^on-late (^mSs'kfi-lat), v. t. To castrate ; 
to render effeminate.^ a. Deprived of virility 
or vigor ; unmanned. 

Bm-lHUm' (6m-l^m'), V. t. To preserve from de- 
cay by aromatic oils or spices ; to perpetuate in 
remembrance. — Em-balni'dr, n. 

Em-liailk' (6m-bSnk'), v, U [Embanked (-bSnkf) ; 
Embanking.] To inclose with a bank ; tcTbauk 
up. — Em-bank^ent (-ment), n. A mound. 

Bm-bar'gO (6m-bar'gft), n. ; pi. Embargoks (-gSz). 
Governmental prohibition of departure from a 
port; hindrance; restraint. ^ v. t. [Embabt 
QOBD (-god); Embabooino.] To prevent from 
sailing out of port or from going forward, by an 

Bm-liark' (6m-biirk')« «• t. & i, [Embarkkd 
(-barkf) ; Embarking.] To put or go (on board 
a vessel) ; to engage (in any business). — Em'- 
liai-ka'tion (dm^biir-ka'shiln), Em'bar-oa'tion, 
n. A putting or going on board of a vessel. 

Em-bar'rass (Sm-bSr'ras), V. t. [Embarrassed 
(-rast) ; Embarrassing.] To hinder ; to per- 
plex ; to confuse ; to distress. — Em-bar'rasa- 
mant (-ment), n. A state of perplexity ; ina- 
bility to dischaive debts. 

Bm-lMU/aa-dcr (em-bfts'sA-dSr), Am-bas'aa-dcr 

(Sm-), n. A minister of the highest rank sent 
by one government to another. — Em-lMUI'aa- 
dO'ti-al (-d5'rT-«tl), a. Relating to an embassa- 
dor. —Em'baa-ay (6m'bSs-sj^), n. Function of 
an embassador ; persons sent as embassadors ; 
dwelling or office of an embassador. 

Em-bed' (6m-b6d'), v. L To lay (in a bed). 

Em-bayUall (6m-b6KlTsh), V. i. [Embkllishbo 
(-ITsht) ; Embellishing.] To make beautiful by 
ornaments ; to adorn ; to decorate ; to illus- 
trate. — Em-bftllish-muit (-ment), n. A dec- 
oration ; an enrichment ; an adornment. 

BmlMr (6m'ber), n. A lighted coal ; pi. mingled 
coals and ashes ; cinders, 
-boz'zle (6m-b6z'zn), v. t. [Embezzled (-z*ld) ; 

Embezzlino (-zlTng).] To appropriate to one^ 
own use (that intrusted to one^s care). — Efllr 
bez'zler, n. — Em - bez' zle - ment (-ment), n. 
Fraudulent appropriation. 

Em-bla'zon (6m-bla'z'n), V. t. [Emblazoned 
(-z'nd) ; Emblazoning.] To deck in glaring col- 
ors ; to adorn with figures of heraldry. — Em- 
bla'zon-ar,n.~Em-bla'zon-r7(-rj^),n. Heral- 
dic or ornamental decoration. 

Em'blem (em'blSm), n. An object symbolizing 
some other object, quality, etc. ; type ; sign ; 
symbol. — Em^blem-aVlo (-StOTk), EmOblem- 
at'io-al (-T-kal), a. Pertaining to, or using, em- 
blems.— Em' bl«m- at' ic-al-ly, adv.—'BaaL- 
blem'a-tize (6m-bl6m'&-tiz), EmOilom-iM 
(6m'bl6m-iz), v. L To symbolize. 

Em-bod'y (dm-bSd'y), v. t. [Embodied (-Td); 
Embodying.] To form into a body; to make 
corporeal; to incorporate.; to concentrate. — 
Em-bOd'i-mont (-T-ment), n. Act of embodying 
or state of being embodied ; a complete i^stem. 

Em-bold'am (6m-bold' 'n), v. t. To give boldness 
to ; to encourage. 

I l^'bm'pcint' (an'bdN'pwSN'), n. PlumpneflS 
of person ; fleshiness. 

Em-bOS'om (6m-bd5z'fim), v. t. To take into the 
bosom ; to cherish. 

Em-b088' (6m-b5s'), v. t. [Embossed (-b5sf); 
Embossing.] To cover with bosses or protu- 
berances. — Em-bOSS'ment (-ment), n. Raised 

llEm'bOU'Ohnre' (iiN'boo'sh^ir'), n. The mouth 
of a river, cannon, etc. ; the mouthpiece of a 
musicsd wind instrument. 

Em-bow'el (6m-bou'61), v. t. [Emboweled or 
Embowblled (-61d) ; Emboweung or Embow- 
blling.] To remove the bowels of ; to eviscer- 
ate ; to bury ; to secrete. 

Em-bOW'er (Sm-bou'Sr)* V. i. & t. To lodge or 
rest in a bower ; to shelter with trees. 

Em-brace' (em-bras'), v. t. [Embraced (-biasf) ; 
Embracing (-bra'sing).] To clasp or inclose 
in the arms ; to incluae ; to comprise ; to com- 
prehend. ^ v. i. To join in an embrace, ^n. 
A close encircling with the arms; a clasp; a 
hug. — Em-brace'ment (-ment), n. A hug ; an 

Em-bra'snre (6m-bra'zlitir), n. An opening in 
a wall, through whicli can- 
non are pointed. 

Em'bro-cate (6m'br^-kat), v, 
t. To moisten and rub (a 
diseased part) with spirit, 

oil, etc. — Em'bro-oation 

(-ka'sh&n), n. Act of rub- 

bing (a diseased part) ; a *• E' Embr^pures in 

lotion with which a part is MerSmr' ' 


Em-broid'er (6m-broid'8r), v. t. To cover with 
ornamental needlework. — Em-broid'er-er 
(-Sr-Sr), n. — Em-brcid'er-7 (-Sr-y), n. Varie- 
gated needlework ; decoration. 

Em-broll' (6m-broil'), v. t. To perplex ; to en- 
tangle; to distract; to disorder; to trouble. — 
Em-broil'meiit (-ment), n. Disturbance. 

Em'bry-0 (6m'brT-ft), n. / j^. Embryos (-5z). The 
rudiment of an animal or plant. -» a. Rudi- 
mentary ; undeveloped. 

E-mend' (^- m6nd '), v. t. To amend. — Em'en- 
da'tion (6m'6n-da'8)iiln or e^mSn-), n. Correc- 
tion ; improvement. — Em ' en - da ' tor« n. One 

ffinia recent, drby r||de, fyll, ftm, food, foot, out, oil, obair, (o, ainic, iQk, than, Uiia. 


*lia wnenda. — S-VUBi'A-iD-IJ (l-mthiil't-tt- 
tSm'tl-kld (Bm^r-nld), q. A pndoui itone of 

[!7*"nil3 line 1b printed In bmeku-d Vv- 
a-m»n*' (t-mSr}'), >. 1. [Ehbwui [-intrjd')! 
EHuaiso.] To Tiu out of ■ fiuM ; u> iaue. — 
. B-nwi'pnM l-mSi'Jnu), E-mn'taB-iT (-i«=- 
tf), IL A HLddeD ^paiimiDB ; an unlorMBeil 
occumncej eiigsiicv. — B-inM'g«nt (-jent), a. 

for pnmpt *ctlqn ; ui^nt. 
DK-ILtrt-tU (fc-m&^-tat), a. Hononbl; di»- 

B-nur^dOB (fc^t^rUiDD), n. EnHrgepce ; k rlafng 
out of, OT oornJnn; forth from, adj envoh^iog or 

Em'sr-y (Sm'Sr-j^Jt n. Corundum, In gralna or 
B-mtfio l^pittrrk), a. InducbgUiTOmit.— n. 

tbna»mi»r (pnotf ot t^nSi^, ». ' a ■editioun 

BBt-tltIa (^T-grit), «. C To nmore from 

— bo^-trant (-grant), a. Ramovlng from ddb 
country to anotLer; pertalnii^ to, or uaed for, 
«mEgraiitfl,'^q, One vho quit* one country to 

n, Rauioval from ons counl^ to uotliu \ u 


Ea^te^ (* 

chu-lUsD. -- Em-pU'lo, Bm-pli^Hl (-I-kal), 
Bni-»ino-«l-lT. •^f- — Em-plrt-eUii \-\- 

hTb^iu), n- Uaihod of on empinc ; quAGbflir. 
m-ploy' (6m-plo[^}, 1^. /, [fiMFUjTftD ('ploJd') ; 
Bhplotibb.] To um ; to Bierqi»B. — n. Em- 
ployment; Btrvice; buHlneM.^Ba-BlOTMi "^ 
— Em'Blay-M' (em/ploi-B" or (m-plol'i), iiEm'- 
plor*' (sm'ploi'i': F. iiH'pl»(Vyt'), «■ Ona 
emplored by uiotheT, — EstploTinaBt (-ploi'- 

(fim-pG'rl-DED), n. Aplaceof eicben- 

at (Smi-iwnt), a. Hl^h \ lofty i eisltod 

in roEik ; conralcaouB \ praipin«nt ; famfliu ; 11 
InatrlouB. — Em^-UBt^r, adv. — Em't-nmn 

{■naui, Bul-naamr (-■)<»!}). o- Height 

elevatian ; high tiuiK \ preferment ; ft title o' 
Romtn CMbuio eardlnalL 
B'mli(S'iD$rffrt.merO,E'mMi,n. AnAnbiu 

Emli^-ry !< 

a spy. — a, Krplorlng ; aj 
B-inir(«-mItO, K. (. [EMin 

Bl'll-It),e.(. ToKrflenit 

dersftemiDBte.— E-aidtltntC-ysDlar-ll .. „ 
0. BoIMBing; ncUngiupple.— n. Anitppll- 
cathm to illn Inllation, ud ullevliits pain. 

B«dn»nMt (t-nOl't-mait), B. Profit nrlBlr 
fmn office or onploymeiil \ gBlD. 

■'■0'(lMI<t-iD(l'atian). n. A moilneof the mil 
or Boul 1 suited ferling i iigltatloD. — B-mi 
tiim-tl (-al), X-iu'tlT* (-tTv), 0. Partduii 

Em-piL*' (Sm-iSI'), c. t. [Ebfaud (-pfild') ; B: 

byflili^ansaUke.— BM-Plite^ntC-ianit),... 
A fencing or IncloBing with HtekBH ; a putting 
to deitli by tbruBting ■ mtkr through the body. 
Bn'pn-a (em'nar-ar), n. The >overeijni ' " 
flbplr«; a title BuperLor to tlutof king 


emphatic. — Bm-Plul^ [Sm- 
pblllfl-il (-T-lul), a. Uttered 
'-- requlrlngempbaUBj energetic; 
phlMo-ll-Ir, adv. 

(. [BH. 



. Containing nething 

To make or become lold, — Emp^-llif , n. 

etc.; jeaet.— Emp^-Ml»,n. 
EH-PTT'e-Bl (em-pIrJt-fll or gm'pI-rB'ol), n. 

E'mil (E'mu), p. A rery large AuBtmliBO bird. 

BBI'p]U4lt (^ 

mpfutaDtHordi. — fin'plui-st 


Sn-aTilB (iii-S'b'll, c. (. [ENtBiao (-b-ld); Eb- 
AfiLiya,] To make able ; to qualify. 

!n-«ot' lati-Skf ), T. (. To decree ; to makela 
law); to perform. — En-aot'or (-ir), n. — Bn- 
•DfniBnt l-ment), n. The paaaing of a Mil into 

ant, tde>, Sbay, AniU, cftn. lirm, ABk, bU, Bnol, 




En-am'el (Sn-Sm'SI), n. A kind of glass for coating 
metallic or ceramic surfaces ; an intensely hard 
tissue covering the crown of a tooth. ^ v. t. 
[Ekahelbd (-eld) or Enambllrd; Enajielimo 
or Enahblliko.I To cover with enamel. — £n- 
am'el-er (-er), iStt-am'eMeT, En - am ' el - ist, 
En-am'el-listf n. One who enamels. 

En-am'or (fin-Sm^r), v. t, [Enahorbd (-Srd) ; 
ENAMOBma.l To mflame with love ; to charm. 

En-oage' (Sn-kaj')i v. t. To confine in a cage ; 
to imprison. 

Bn-caiVP' (Sn-kSmp'), v. i. & t. To form, or form 
into, a camp. — En-camp'ment (-ment), n. An 
encamping ; a place where an army or company 
is encamped ; a camp. 

En-oans'tlo (6n-kas'tTk), a. Prepared by means 
of heat; burned in.^n. Painting in heated 
wax, or by use of heat to fix the colors. 

llEn'ceinte' (aN'sSNf or -sanf), n. A line of forti- 
fications inclosing a place; area inclosed.^ a. 
Pregnant ; with child. 

Bn-chaln' (6n-chan')f v. t. To fasten with a 
chain ; to hold fast ; to restrain. 

Bn-Oliailt' (Sn-ch&nf ), v. t. To charm by sorcery ; 
to captivate ; to fascinate. — En-oliant'er (-Sr), 
n* — En-ChanfreSB (-rSs), n. A fascinatuo^ 
woman ; sorceress. — En-Cluuit'mttit (-ment), n. 
An enchanting; use of magic arts or charms; 
magic; fascination; spell; witchery; witchcraft. 

Bn-OlX'cle (Sn-sSr'k'l), V. t. To form a circle 
about ; to encompass ; to inclose ; to surround. 

Bn-Olit'iO (Sn-klTftk), En-clirio-al (-T-kol), a. 
Subjoined; affixed. — En-Clit'lc, n. A word 
so closely joined to a preceding word as to lose 
its proper accent. 

En-olcse' (8n-kl5z'), v. t. To inclose. 

En-OO'mi-nxiL (fin-kS'mT-tim), ». Formal praise ; 
high commendation ; eulogy ; panegyric. — En- 
Olr ml-RSt (-Sst), n. One who praises. — En-CO'- 
ml-asmo (-Ss'tTk), En-oo'ml-as'tlo-al (-Ss'tT- 
kal), a. Eulogistic ; laudatory. 

En-com^aS8 (6n-k&m'pas), v. i. To describe a 
circle about ; to inclose ; to hem in ; to shut up. 

Bn'OOre' (SN^kftr'), adv. & interj. Once more ; 
again ; — a call for repetition of part of a play, 
etc. ^ V. t. To call for a repetition of. 

En-oonn'ter (Sn-koun'tSr), v. /. To meet face to 
face, or as enemies ; to oppose ; to struggle with. 
— n. A meeting J conflict ; attack ; onset. 

En-OOVr'age (fin-kar'&j), v. t. To embolden ; to 
cheer ; to stimulate ; to sanction ; to promote ; 
to forward. — En-cour'age-ment (-m«nt), n. 
Incitement ; hope ; support. — EXL-COnr'a-glng 
(-&-jTng), a. Furnishing ground for hope. — En- 

cooj/a-glng-lyt adv. 

Bn-oroaon'(6n-kr5ch'), v. <. [Ekoboaghbd 
(-krochf); Encroachiko.] To enter gradually 
into the rights of another ; to intrude ; to in- 
vade ; to trespass. — En-croaohlnttit (-ment),n. 
Intrusion ; inroad. 

En-onxalMr (Sn-kOmliSr), v. U To impede the 
action of ; to clog ; to hinder. — En-OllXILlirailoe 
(-brans), n. Load ; burden ; impediment. 

En-oyc'llo (Sn-sTkaTk), En-cyo'liO-al (-IT-kal), a. 
Sent to many persons or places ; circular ; gen- 
eral, ^n. Au encyclical letter, esp. from the 

En-cy'clO'Pe'di-a (fin-sPkift-pe'dT-i), En-oy'olo- 
pa'dl-at n. A work treating the various branch- 
es of science or art separately, and usually in 
alphabetical order. ^ En-cy^OiO-ped'lo (-pedOtk 

or - pe ' dTk), En-oy^olo-pedlo-al ( • T - kol ), a. 
Portioning to an encyclopedia; universal in 

En-cyst'ed (6n-sTsf 6d), a. Inclosed in a cyst, 
bag, or vesicle. 

End (Snd), n. Extreme point ; close ; limit ; is- 
sue ; consequence ; purpose ; aim ; remnant. ^ 
V. t. & i. To finish 4 to conclude ; to close ; to 
terminate. — End'ing, n. Termination. — End'- 
IO88 (-18s), (U Without end ; eternal ; everlast- 
ing ; perpetual ; continual. — End'less-lyi adt, 
— End'ways' (-wSzO* End'wlse (-wiz), adv. 
On end ; erectly ; with the end forward. 

En-dan'gor (Sn-dAu'jSr), v, t. To hazard ; to risk. 

En-dear' (Sn-dSr^), v. t, [Endkabbd (-derd'); 
Endkabino.] To make dear, or beloved. — En- 
deai/ment (-ment), ». Act of endearing, or state 
of being endeared ; a manifestation of love. 

En-deav'or (Sn-dSv'Sr), v. t. [Endeavobkd (-erd) ; 
Endeavobino.] To attempt ; to try ; to essay ; 
to aim. — n. Effort ; exertion ; struggle. 

En-de'ml-al (8n-de'mT-al), En-dem'io (-dgm'Tk), 
En-dem'iC-al (-T-kal), a. Peculiar to a region, 
locality, or class of persons. — En-dem'io, n. 
An endemic disease. 

En'dlYe (Sn'dIv), n. A species of succory,— 
used as a salad. 

Endless, etc. See under Ein>, n. 

En-dorse' (Sn-ddrs'), etc See Indorse, v. t. 

En-dow' (en-douO, v. <• [Endowed (-doud'); 
Endowing.] To furnish with dower ; to enrich 
with any gift or faculty ; to indue. — En-dCW'- 
ment (-ment), n. A settling a ftmd ; dower; 
talent ; natural capacity. 

En-dne' (6n-duQ, v, t. To indue. 

En-dnre' (Sn-dur'), v. i. [Endured (-durd'); 
Enduring.] To remain firm ; to last ; to abide, 
—v. t. To sustain; to undergo; to bear pa> 
tiently ; to brook. — En-dU/a-ble (-A^bU), a, — 
En-dU/anoe (-ons), n. Sufferance; resigna- 
tion; patience; fortitude. 

End'wise. adv. See under End, n. 

En'e-ma (8n'^-m& or i-nS^mft), n. ; pi. L. Eneh- 
ATA (i-n8m^&-t&^. Injection thrown into the 
rectum as a medicine, or for nourishment. 

En'e-my (finft-mf)j n. An adversary ; a foe. 

En'er-gy (Sn'Sr-jj^), n. internal strength ; inher- 
ent power; force; vigor; efficiency; resolu- 
tion. — En'erj;et'lo (-j8flk), En'er-get'lc-al 
(-T-kal), a. Exerting force; operating with 
vigor ; powerful ; vigorous ; effective. — En'- 
er-getno-al-17, arf v. — En'er-glze (-jiz), v. i. 
To act with vigor. — v. t. To give force to. 

E-nex'Yate (S-nSr'vat or 8n'8r-), v. t. To deprive 
of nerve, strength, or courage ; to enfeeble ; to 
debilitate. — a. Weakened. — En ' er - Ya ' tlon 
(-va'shQn), n. A weakening ; effeminacy. 

En-teeHble (Sn-f e'b'l), v. t. To render feeble. — 
En-feeOblA-ment (-ment), n. Enervation. 

En-feoff' (8n-f8fO, v. t. [Entboffbd (-f8ftO; 
Entboffino.] To invest with a fee. — En- 
feoffment (-ment), n. An enfeoffing ; th^ deed 
which conveys the fee. 

En'fl-lade' (8n'fT-lad'), n. A line or straight pass- 
age ; fire of guns along the line of an enemy's 
troops, trenches, etc. — v. /. To pierce, scour, 
or rake with shot. 

En-foroe' (Sn-fSrs'), v. t. [Enforced (-fSrsf); 
Enforcing (-f5r'slng).] Tb put force upon ; to 
compel ; to give force or effect to. — En-f oroe'- 
ment (-ment), n. Compulsion. 

fSxn, reoent, Arb, r^de, fyll, ftni, food, fdbt, out, oil, chair, go, siiiK, igk, then, tliin* 


(«.,-inu'cli[i or 4I1I1] 
■erue ; to admit la 

t. [Erqiou 

nU to wi^ tbtj >ra at- f 
tacbad. — Bll-ri'gln»(-ilug>, , 

Va.-aif'mm.t {•^'meiit) 
Prouiiae ; obUgatlun 1 empi 

Bn-gra'dM |Su-)en'<IBr), D 

pose ; DieuiB En'Il-Bmi' 

{-jJ-aSr'),n. Oin >ki]I^d ju entrin 
muiiweo ui eoaine, of au^iea t 
terpnn by ikilllul contilviuiFe. - 

jm ontor^vlae. — ' En ' ^- DMT ' in 
■bd art of utUiilng tlie forces aii 
□aUin En datiniiiig imd cohntru 
■ry, public wohb, ot«i — Sn'gltl 
n. Bn^iwB in genoTat ; tDecliaiiiai 

En-tM' (in-gSrai, V. I. [EKaiKT 
(-R^rt'li EflaiEDlHa.] Toiird; 

BurUlll (Is'gl(ah). a. B«rangtu 

Slo af England ; Inng ua^ of Ell| 
«c«DdavU ot EngLLBbmeD obi 
•i»d printer's type. 


^v.l. To iTBiulite into English 

ltiagfiin-gBTJ'),v.l.&i. Toi 
ily. —^-KCntfmiM (-innit),n 

lecply.— Bn-gra¥'M'.i 

En-gross' (Bn-grHs'), V, I. [Bbobo 
eiras'ar (-i!r),'n. — Bn-grai'mi 

m-KnlP (Sn^giUf '), V. (, 
Be in H na}f. 
In-lunGa' (Bn-hlnsO, " 

S, B, I, S, a, long i ft,fl, 1, 6, 0, jr, » 

E-nU'BM (l-nlg'mt), n. An obKure quertioB 01 
aaviug; pmila ; riddle. —IMlUnuf Id (S-rfg- 
Di&i'Ik or En'Ig-t, B'nlf^Vlo-il <-l-kul|, a. 

le-tl-lT, adi'.;^^1tnli'm>-tlit(t-nTg'^tIit}, • 
En-]Dlii' (eu-joiu'}, V. I. tEnoDiiD (-joind') ; Bn- 

jomiNO.]^ To command [ to order; to protibit 

or restrajD by e Judicial order- 
En-Joy (8n-Joi'), r. (. [Ebjoyid (-joid') ; Bator- 

iM.] TofBelorperc^veHitliplewiureitopqe- 

ww-.tonM.— En-li»y'«-W»(.*-b'l),a. Pleaiut- 

ahle. — Bn-lOI'BiMlt (-nienij.K. o,.,...-.,.. 

BratiflcatlOD ; banpjneu. 
BnMii'im(en.krn'a'l),v.<. [Eb.h 

Bbsihdubo Wllng).] To bet 

flame ; to touM into avtloo. 
En-luta' (6n-]ilrJ'), v. 1. £ «. 

(-IKrjd'); EHtiBODia (-llir'jlngl 

— I^-luit'SUiit (-meut), H. £: 
En-Ualit'Bn (tn^iifi 

(-'lii)i BNUOHnNINO. 




— Qt-UCbt'ni-ai 

nU-mnitSB. Agio! 

Bn-nanila (So-niyb'l), v. U To make noble; to 
dignify; (oBUlt; to ^grandiie.— ES-lWllla- 

IIEll'aBl'(KN'nHS'),«. A feeling of wearineuand 
dlegUBt ; tlstleesneei ; tasaitude, — llEn'nnT'^ 

E-nOI'ziuniB (a-nSr^mOB), a. Beyond uaoal rule 

il-ty 'iul-i' 

Bn-anlM'. r. 

-IJXn. Btate 

; atrocity, ' 

(t-nm'),a, Bitlsfyingdedre; adequate. 

'). An obaolete (onn of motipAl 

■Ittg" ^in-rSJO. "■ '■ To till with nge 1 to Ii- 

Bu-np^> (Bn-iKp'tQi), v. L To tranaport 

Ea-rftT^ah (fin.ritvTtb), v. /. To traDaport prlth 

deliglit ; to enchant. 
En-iioh' (Sn-rTch'), "■ (. To make ricli 1 to adorn 1 

Toive. — En-rolI'maiit, Bn-nl'maiit (-mint),n. 

Bb-kmI' (Sitrraf}', V. I. To fix by the root) to 

IIBn' lost*' (ilN' rCStO. On the way or road. 
Bu-Mm'pla (8n.B»m'p*l), n. An emmpls. 





Bn-SOOnfM' («n-«k5iu^), v. t. To cover ; to shelter ; 

• to hide securely. 

lEn'BOmaile (an'sttN'bn), n. The whole; aU the 
parts taken together, —adv. All at once. 

Bn-lhzlne' (8n-shriu'), V, t. To mcloee in a shrine 
or chest ; to cherish. 

En-tlf^er-OIUI (Sn-sTfSr-tts), a. Bearing a sword. 
•— En'sl-forni (fin'sT-fOrm), a. Sword-shaped. 

Bn'sign (8n'sin), n. A standard ; a tiag ; a banner ; 
a signal ; a standard bearer. — "EufngnrCJ (-sj^), 
En'llgn-slilp (-shTp), n. The rank or office of 
an ensign. 

Bn'sl-laco (Sn'sT-lftj), n. Preservation of fodder, 
or the fodder preserved, in a Hlo, o* air-tight 
pit— V. L [Ensilaohd (-Itjd); Ensilaoino.] 
To preserve (fodder, rye, oats, etc.) in a silo. 

Bn-SlaYt' (Sn-slav'), v. t. To reduce to davery 
or bondage.— En-Blaye^ment (-ment), n. An 
enslavinff ; bondage ; servitude. 

Bn-sne^ (ra • su ,v.t. & i. [En- 
BUXD (-sudO ; Ensuxno.] To fol- 
low; to pursue ; to succeed. 

Bn-svre', v. t. See Insubb. 

Bn-tabOa-tnie (Sn-tSbaA-ttir), n. 

A superstructure resting hori- 
sontaJly upon the columns in 
classical architecture, including 
architrave, frieze, and cornice. 

En-tall' (Sn-tSlOt n. An estate 
limited in descent to a particu- 
lar heir or heirs ; rule by which 
the descent is settled. — v. /. [Entailed (-tald') ; 
Entaiuno.] To settle or fix inalienably on des- 
ignated heirs. — En-tail'mont (-ment), n. Lim- 
itation of descent of property. 

En-tan'gle (fin-tSs'g'n, v, t [Entanolbd (-g*id) ; 
Ent AMOLiMO (-glTng). ] To twist or interweave ; 
to perplex ; to embarrass ; to bewilder. — En- 
tan'gle-ment (-ment), n. Intricacy ; perplexity. 

En^ter (fin'tSr), v. /. & i. [Entbbbd (-t^rd) ; En- 
TBBiNO.] To go or come in ; to penetrs^ ; to 
begin ; to record ; to write down. 

Bn'ter-prlse (Sn'tSr-priz), n. An undertaking; 
bold attempt; adventure. —v. t. To under- 
take; toventureupon.— En'ter-mll'iligC-pri'- 
sTng), a. Bold or forward to undertake ; active. 

Bn'ter-taln' (Sn'tSr-tan'), v. t. [Entbrtainbd 
(-tSnd') ; Entbbtainino.] To maintain ; to sup- 
port; to engine the attention of; to amuse. 
— v. i. To receive guests. — En^ter-taln'er, n. 
— En'ter-taln'ing, a. Amusing ; diverting. — 
Bn'tor-taln'BlUlt (-ment), n. Amusement ; hos- 
pitality ; reception ; repast. 

En-throne' (8n-thr5n'), V. t. To place on a 
throne ; to invest with authority. — ^-tluono'- 
ment (-ment), n. An enthroning. 

Bn-thn'sl-aam (6n-thu'zT-Sz*m), n. Ardent seal 
in respect to some object or pursuit; lively 
emotion or interest ; fanaticism. — En-thu'u- 
ast (-zT-Sst), n. One actuated by enthusiasm ; 
a fanatic ; a zealot. — En-thU'si-astic (-fisMiTk), 
En-thU'sl-aamo-al (-tT-kal), a. Filled with 
enthusiasm. — En-tllll'si-astio-al-ly, adv. 

En-tlce' (fin-tis'), V. t. [Entickd (-tisf) ; En- 
ticing (-ti'sTng).] To draw on; to instigate; 
to coax ; to seduce ; to persuade. — En - UCe '- 
ment (-ment), n. Allurement ; temptation. 

Bn-tlre' (9n-tirO, a. Complete in all parts; 
whole; unbroken; full. — En-tlre'ly, adv. — 
En-tlre'ness, En-tlrety (-tj^), n. Complete- 
ness; integrity. 

En-title (8n-tltn), v. t. To give a title, right, « 
claim to ; to name ; to style. 

Enti-ty (6ntT-tJ^), n. A real being ; essence ; 

En-tomV (Sn-to5mO> v. t, [Entombbd (-to5mdO ; 
Entombing. J To depodt in a tomb ; to bury. 

En'tO-mol'O-gy (Sn't^-mSl'^-j^), n. Science of 
insects. — En ' to • mol ' - gist (-jTst), n. One 
versed in entomology. — En ' to - mO - lOg ' lo - al 
(-mft-15jt-kal), a. Pertainii^ to entomology. 

Entrails (fin'tralz), n. pi. Bowels ; viscera ; in- 

Entrance (Sntrans), n. Act or means of enter- 
ing, going into, or taking possession ; power to 
enter ; door or passage $ comxnenoement ; initi- 
ation; entry. 

En-tranoe'(Sn-tr4na'), V. t, [Ehtranosd 
(-tr&nst') ; Entrancing (-tr&n'sTng).] To put 
into a trance ; to ravish ; to enrapture. 

En-traiK (6n-trSp0i v* t- [Bntbaffbd (-trXpf) ; 
ENTBAmNG.] To catch as in a trap ; to inanare. 

En-treat' (6n-tref ), v. t. & i. To supplicate ; to 
beseech; to crave; to implore. — Bn-treatfy 
{-f)y n. Solicitation ; suit ; petition. 

WEDftnef (iiN^ra'), n. Entry ; a permission or 
right to enter ; s course of dishes, served at the 
beginning of dinner, or between the courses. 

llEn'tre-pot' (toare-p^'), n. A warehouse for de- 
posit of goods ; a free port. 

En-trust', v. t. See Intbust. 

Entry (Sntrj^), n. An entering; entrance; in- 
gress; bennning; passage; record. 

En-twins' (en-twin'), v. /. To twine ; to twist to* 

E-nn'mer-ate (t-nu'm8r4[t), v. t. To count ; to 
number ; to reckon ; to compute ; to recapitu* 
late. — E-nn'mer-a'tlon (-S'shtin), n. An enu- 
merating ; detailed account. — E-nn'BLer-a-ti¥S 
(-&-tTv or -t-tTv), n. Counting up, one by one. 

E-nnn'oi-ate (t-nan'shT-St), v. t. To announce ; 
to utter ; to pronounce. — E-nnn'oi-ation (-sT- 
S'shtin or -shT-a'shiin), n. An utterance; an 
announcement ; a declaration. — E-nnn'Oi-a- 

tlYe (-shT-&-tTv), E-nun'oi-a-to-ry (-t^-ij^), a. 

Pertaining to utterance. 

En-vei'gle (Sn-vS'g'l), v. /. To entice. See Iv- 

En-yel'gp (6n-v81'5p), v. t, [Efvblopbd (-8pt) ; 
Enveloping.] To surroimd as a covering ; to 
vrrap up ; to inclose within a case, wrapper, etc. 
— En'vel-ope (8n'v5l-5p or liN've-lSp'), Bn-vel'- 
op (8n-vSl'5p), n. That which envelops ; wrap- 
per ; cover. — En-yel'op-ment(6n-v81'5p-ment), 
n. An enveloping ; inclosing ; cover. 

En-yen'om (6n-v^n'&m), v. t. [Envenomed 
(-timd); Envenoming.] To impregnate with 
venom; to poison. 

En'Vi-a-ble (8n'vT-&-bn), a. Fitted to excite 
envy ; desirable. — En'Vi-OIIS (-lis), a. Feeling 
or harboring, exhibiting, or directed by, envy. 
— En'vl-ons-ly, adv. 

En-^'ron (Sn-vi'rfin), v. t. To surround ; to en- 
circle ; to envelop. — En-Yi'ron-meilt (-ment), 
n. Surroundings. — En-Yi'rons (8n-vi'riinz or 
8n'vT-r5nz), n. pi. Places surrounding or ad- 
joining another ; suburbs. 

En'Yoy (8n'voi), n. A messenger ; a diplomatic 
minister to a foreign government ; postscript to 
a poem, book, etc. 

En'ry (8n'vj^), n. Discontent or vexation at an- 
other's success ; emulation. —v. t.&i, [Envied 

fSn, recent, 6rb| r^de. f^ ftm, ftfbd, fdbt, out, oil, diair, g^ sinK, ink, then, ttUn. 




(-▼Yd) ; ERmNO.] To regard with diaoontent 

and emulation ; to covet. 
E-oQl-UL {tSnX-an), E-ol'io, a. Bee Mouah. 
E'paot (e'pSkt), n. The excess of the sohur year 

or month beyond the lunar. 
EP'au-let' (Si/A-lSf ), Bp'au-lette', n. A badge 

worn on the shoulder by military and naval offi- 
cers ; a shoulder knot. 
Its^pergne' (a'pftm'), n. An ornamental stand 

in the center of a table. 
llE-phem'e-ra ($-f8m'$-r&), n. A fever lasting 

but a day ; a short-lived insect. — E-phem'er- 

al (-Sr-al)f n. Lasting but a day ; short-lived ; 

Bph'Od (SfSd), n. A vestment of Jewish priests. 
Ep'iO (fipTk), a. Containing narration ; relating 

great events. — n. An heroic poem. [sexes. 
EFi-oene (8p^-sen), a, & n. Common to both 
Ep'i-onre (SpT-kur), n. One addicted to sensual 

enjoyments; voluptuary. — Ep'l-OU-re'UL (-kti- 

rS'an or -ku'rft-fln), a. Given to luxury. — n. 

One given to sensual indulgence. 
Ep^i-O^clold (fip'T-si'kloid), n. A curve traced 

by a point in the 

circumference of a 

circle which rolls on 

the convex side of a 

fixed circle. 
Ep'l-dem'lc (Sp'T- 

d«m1k). Bp^l-dem'- 

lo-al (-T-kal), a. 

Common to a whole 

people or commu- 
nity ; generally pre- 

vailing. — Bp'i- 

dem'lo, n. A dis- 
ease which affects 

numbers of persons 

at the same time. 
Epl'der'&lUl (Sp^-dSr'mTs), n. The cuticle or 

Ep'l-glottlS (Sj/T-glSt^Ts), n. A leaf -shaped 
cartili^, which prevents food or drink from 
entering the larynx while eating. 

Epl-gram (fipT-grSm), n. A short poem treating 
concisely a single topic. — Ep^l-cram-matlo 
(-mfitTk), Ep'l-gram-matlo-al (-T-kal), a. Like 
an epigram ; concise ; pointed. — Ep' i- gran- 

matlo-al-ly, adv. — E]p'l-gxam'&ia-tUt (-grSm'- 
m^-tTst), n. A dealer in epigrams. 

Ep'l-grapn ( 8p 'T - gr&f ), n. An inscription ; a 

Bpn-lep'sy (Sp^-ISp'f^), n. The "falling sick- 
ness ; '* a disease of the brain attended by par- 
oxysms and loss of consciousness. — Ep'i-lep'tto 
(-ISptTk), a. Pertaining to, or affected with, 
epilepsy. — n. A sufferer from epilepsy ; a med- 
icine for epilepsy. 

Epl-logne (SpT-ll^), n. A short x)oem at the 
end of a play ; the closing part of a discourse. 

E-plph'a-ny (^-pTf'&-nj^), n. An appearance ; 
mtmifestation ; a church festival (January 6th) 
celebrating the visit of the wise men to the 
child Jesus at Bethlehem. 

E*pl8'C0-pal (^-pTs'k^-pal), a. Oovemed by bish- 
ops ; belonging to, or vested in, bishops or prel- 
ates. — E-pl8^00-pa11-an (-iralT-an), a. Per- 
taining to episcopacy ; episcopal. ^ n. One who 
adheres to the episcopal form of church gov- 
ernment ; a churchman. — E-plS'CO-pal-ly ($- 
pYsHtft-pal-iy), adv.— E-pl8'oo-pa-cy (-pft^s^), 

Epicycloid, p Point on 
Rolling Circle. 

n. Government of the church by bishops, or 
by three distinct orders of ministers — bbmops, 

Sriests, and deacons. — E-pis'OO-pate (-ptt), n. 
. bishopric ; office and cUgnity of a bishop ; 
the collective body of bishops. 

EP'i-SOde (fipT-eSd), n. An incidental narrative, 
or digression. — Ep ' i - 80d ' io (-eSd'Tk), Ep'i- 
8Odl0-al (-T-kal), a. Pertaining to, or con- 
tained in, an episode. 

E-pis^e (e-pTs'a), n. A writmg directed to a 
person ; a letter. — E*pisto-la-ry (-tft-14-ry), a. 
Pertaining to, or contained in, letters. 

Epl-taph (ep'T-t&f ), n. An inscription on a mon- 
umenti in memory of the dead. 

Ept-thet (SpT-thSt), n. An adjective expressing 
some quality appropriate to a person or thing ; 
a title ; an appellation. •- Epl-tnefio (-thStTk), 
a. Pertaining to, ocmsisting of, or abounding in, 

E-plfo-me (^-pTft-mi^, n. A brief smnmary ; a 
compendium: an abstract; a synopsis. — 
E-pit'O-mize (-miz), v. /. To shorten or abridge. 
— E-plt'o-ml8t (-mist), E-plt'o-miz'er, n. 

Ep't-ZOlf-ty (fip'T-zo'ft-tJr), n. An epidemic dis- 
ease among horses and cattle ; influenza ; mur- 
rain. — Ep^l-ZO-lft'lO (-zo-5t^k), a. Epidemic 
among ammals.»-n. Epizootv. 

Ep'OCh (Sp'Sk or S'pQk), n. A fixed point of 
time; era; date; period; age. 

Ep'ode (Sp'Sd), n. The third or last part of the 
ode ; a kind of lyric poem in which a longer 
verse is followed by a shorter one. 

Ep'O-pee' (Sp't-pe'), n. An epic poem ; the action, 
or fable, of an epic poem. 

Ep'BOm salt^ (fip'sfim s^Jt^). Sulphate of mag- 
neSia, having cathartic qualities. 

E'qna-ble (e^kwA-bU), a. Equal and uniform; 
not variable or changing. — E'ava-hly, adv, — 

E'qna-hU'l-ty (-blW-t^), n. 


E'CLUal (S'kwal), a. Like in magnitude, value, 
degree, etc. ; fit ; equable ; uniform ; ade- 
quate ; fair ; just ; equitable. •- n. One not 
inferior or superior to another. ~i v. L Equaled 
(e'kwald) or Equalled ; Equaling or Equal- 
lino.] To be or become equal to ; to equalize. 
— E'qiial-ly, adv. — E-qual'l-ty (ft-kwgit-ty), 
n. Condition or quality of being equal ; exact 
agreement between two expressions or magni-^ 
tudes with respect to quantity. — E'QIial-lze 
(eOcwal-iz), V. t. To make equal ; to pronounce 
equaT; to compare as equal. — E'QIial-l-za'tioil 
(-i-za'shttn), n. Act of equalizing. 

E^qva-nlm'i-ty (e^kwA-nYmT-tj^), n. Evenness 
of mind ; composure ; calmness. 

E-QVate' (^-kwSt'), V. t. To make equal ; to reduce 
to an average. — E-QVatlon (-kw5'sh&n), n. A 
making equal ; equal division ; an expression of 
equality between two quantities or sets of quan- 
tities, by placing the sign = between them. 

E-QUa'tor (e-kwS'tSr^, n. A great circle equally 
distant from the two poles, and dividing the 
earth's surface into two hemispheres. — E^qna- 
tO'ri-al (S^kw&-to'rT-al), a. Pertaining to the 
equator. — n. An astronomical instrument for 
telescopic observation of celestial bodies. 

Eq^er-ry (8k'w5r-ry or S-kwSr'ry), EQ^uo-ry 
(8k'w5-ry), n. One of a prince's retinue, in 
charge of his horses. 

E-QUestxl-an (^kwSs'trT-an), a. Pertaining to 
horses, horsemanship, or ancient knighthood. — 
n. A horseman ; a rider. — E - Qlies ' txl - enne ' 

S, 9, 1, 5, a, long ; ft, «, 1, 5, ii, y, short ; senAte, «vent, tdea, 6bey, ftnite, cAre, ftrm, ask, f|U, final, 




f >8n'), n. A horsewoman. — E-Ques'trl-an-lsm 

(-on-Iz'iu), n. Horsemanship. 
E/qni-an'gll-lar (e^kwt-Sn'gd-lSr), a. Constating 

of, or having, equal angles. 
Z^Qlll-dls'tant (e'kwT-dls'tant), a. Being at an 

equal distance from the same point. 
ZTani-lat'er-al (e'kwI-lSt^iwzl), a. Having all 

the sides equal. 
E'qni-lilirate ( e'kwY-li^rat ), v. t. To balance 

equally (two scales, sides, or ends) ; 

State of being equally balanced. Equilateral. 

— B'qill-llb'ri-tllll (-rl-fim), n. 

Equality of weight or force ; just poise or bal- 
ance ; equal balancing of the mind between mo- 
tives or reasons. 

E^ani-mnl'tl-ple (e'kwT-miinT-pn), a. Multi- 
plied by the same number or quantity.— in. 
Flroduct of multiplying two or more primitive 
quantities by the same number or quantity. 

E-qnirnal (^kwi'nal), E'qniiie (S^win), a. Like 
or pertaining to a horse. 

E^qni-noz (e'kwt-nSks), n. Time (about March 
21 and September 22) when the sun enters the 
equinoctial points. — E^^nl-noc'tlal (-nSk'shal), 
a. Pertaining to the equinoxes, the regions 
of the equinoctial line or equator, or the time 
when the sun enters the equinoctial points. — 
n. The celestial equator. — EQVillOCtlal points. 
The two points where the celestial equator and 
ecliptic intersect each other. 

B-iinip' (ft-kwTp'), v. t, [Equippbd (-kwYpf); 
Equifpino.] To dress ; to arm ; to supply with 
all requirements. — E-^lllp'llient (-ment), n. 
Act of equipping; equipage. — E^'nl-page 
(fik'wT-ptj), n. Furniture (of a ship, soldier, 
army, etc.); accoutrements; retinue. 

E'qni-polse (e'kwT-jpoiz), n. Equality of weight 
or force ; equilibrium ; balance. 

E^Qnl-pcHent (e^kwY-pSl'l^nt), a. Having equal 
force ; equivalent. 

E^Qnl-pon'deT-anoe (e^kwY-pOnMSr-ons), n. An 
equality of weight ; eq^uipoise. — E^QI^'POB'' 
der-ant (-ant), a. Havmg the same weight. — 
E'qnl-pon'der-ate (-at), v. i. To be equal in 
weight. ^ V, t. To counterbalance. 

Ea'nl-ty (Sk'wT-tj^), n. The giving each man his 
due ; justice ; impartiality ; rectitude ; upright- 
ness. — Eqi'lll-ta-Me (-t&-bU), a. Possessing 
equitv ; just ; honest ; impartifd ; upright. — 
Ea'nl-ta-ble-ness, n.— Eq'nl-ta-bly, adv. 

E-quY'a-lent (e-kwtv'&-l«nt), a. Equal in value, 
power, dimensions, etc. — n. Something equiva- 
lent. — E-qnlv'a-lenoe (-i«ns), E-qnly'a-len-oy 
(-lai-sj^), n. Equality of value, force, etc. 

E-qniY^o-oal (^-kwTv'i-kal), a. Having different 
significations ; ambiguous ; doubtful ; uncertain. 
— E-qnlT'o-oal-ly, adv. — E-qniy'o-oal-ness, n. 

— E-qnlv'o-Gate (-kat), v. %. To use words 
of equivocal signification; to prevaricate; to 
evade; to shuffle. ~ E-qniY'O-oa'tlon (-ka'- 
shUn), n. Ambiguity of speech ; evasion ; quib- 
bling. — E-anlT'o-Ga'tor (-tSr), n. — Ea'nl- 
▼OdaOi EQ'lli-yoke (Sk'wT-vok or SncwT-; F. 
i'ke'vsk'), n. An ambiguous term ; a quibble. 

E'ira (S'rft), n. A fixed point of time, from which 

to compute ; eT)och ; date ; period ; age. 
E-zad'l-cate (e-rSdT-kSt), V. t. To pull up by 

the roots ; to extirpate ; to root out ; to exter- 
minate; to destroy.— E-rad'i-ca'tion (-ka'- 
8hiin),n. Extirpation. — E-rad'1-ca-tlYe (-k&- 
tTv), a. Tending to eradicate. 

E-rase' (^-rSs'), v. t. [E&assd (-rast^ ; Ebabing.] 
To rub or scrape out ; to efface ; to obliterate. — 
E-ras'er (-raa'Sr), n. — E-ra'snre (-ra'zhttr), iu 

Ere (ar or fir), adv. & prep. Before ; sooner 
than ; rather than. 

E-reot' ( S - rSkt ' ), a. Upright ; perpendicular ; 
uplifted; bold.-«r. t. To set upright; to lift 
up ; to raise ; to establish ; to foimd. — E-rect'- 
ly, adv. — E-reot'er, n. — E-reoVile (-11 or -il), 
a. Capable of being erected or dilated. — E-rec'- 
tion (-rSk'shfin), n. An erecting ; thing erect- 
ed ; building of any kind. — E-rectlYO (-rSkf- 
Yv), a. Setting upright ; raising. 

Erelong' (ar'lSn^ or fir'-), adv. Soon; before 

llBl'gO (er'gft), conj. or adv. Therefore ; conse- 

Er'got (er'g^t), n. A disease of rye and other 
grains; spawn of the fungus causing this dis- 
ease, used medicinally to arrest bleeding, also 
a dangerous poison ; a homy growth below the 
pastern joint of a horse. 

Erlnlne (Sr'mTn), n. An animal of the weasel 
kind; a stoat; 
the fur of this an- 
imal, used for 
trimming the 
robes of royalty, 
judges, etc.; 
the office, digni- 
ty, or integrity, 
of a judge. 

E-rode' (S-r5d0« v. t. To eat into or away; to 
corrode. — E-ro'Sion (S-rS'zhttn), n. An eating 
away ; corrosion ; canker. 

Er^pe-toPo-gy (Sr^p^-tSl'ft-jj^), n. See Herpetol- 


Err (Sr), V. i. [Errbd (Srd) ; Ebbino (Sr'rTng or 
6r'-).] To wander from the right way ; to mia- 
take. — Erfrant (Sr'rant), a. Wandering ; rov- 
ing; extravagant; arrant. 

Er'rand (fir'rand), n. Business intrusted to a 
messenger; message; commission. 

llEr-rata (Sr-ra't&), n. pi. See Ebratum. 

Er-raVlc («r-rSf Ik), Er-rat'lc-al (-I-kal), a. Rov- 
ing about without a fixed destination ; eccentric. 

— Er-rat'lc-al-ly, adv. 

llEr-ra'tnxn (Sr-ra't&m), n. ; ^. Ebbata (-rS'ti). 
An error or mistake in writmg or printing. 

Er'ror (Sr'rSr), n. A wandering from the right 
course ; want cf truth ; violation of duty ; blun- 
der; transgression; fault; deviation. — Er-ro'- 
ne-ons (Sr-rS^nft-Qs), a. Containing error ; false. 

— Er-n/ne^ns-ly, adv.— Er-ro'ne-ons-neas, n. 
Erst (Srst), adv. First ; at first ; once ; long ago. 
Er^n-beVcent (Sr'u-bSs'sent), a. Bed ; blushing. 

— Er'u-bes'oenoe (-s^ns), Er-n-bes'oen-oy (-sen- 
ef)y n. Redness ; a blushing. 

E-mct' (e-rttkf ), E-monate (e-riik'tat), v. t. To 
eject (wind) from the stomach ; to belch. — Er^- 
UC-tatlon (er/iSk-tS'shiin or e^rfik-), n. A belch- 
ing of wind from the stomach ; ejection of wind 
or other matter from the earth. 

Er'U-dite (6r'u-dit), a. Having extensive reading 
or knowledge ; learned. — I&'u-ditlon (-dTsh'- 
i&n), n. LitBrature ; learning. 


fdm, iwent, drb, r||de, ii^ Am, lood, ftf?»t| out, oll| cliair, ko> <uiiKt iQky tlieii, tbln. 





B-rnptlOII (^-rHp'shiin), n. A breaking or bursting 
forth ; a cutaneous disease. — E-nip^Ye (-tTv), 
a. Breaking forth ; attended with eruption, or 
produced by eruption. 

Er'7-Sip'e-lAl (8r'T-sTp't-las), n. St Anthony's 
fire ; a febrile disease, with inflammation of the 

skin. — Ery-si-paPa-tons (-si-pa'A-ttts), sry- 

llp'e-lOllB (-sYp'S-lfis), a. Resembling erysipelas. 

Bl^M-lade' (es^k^-liid'), n. An attack on a forti- 
fied place. ^ V. t. To motmt by ladders ; to scale 
(a rampart, etc.). 

Es-oal'OP (6s-kBl'dp), n. A biyalve shell ; a curv- 
ing indenture in the margin of anything. 

Es'oa-padt' (fis^ki-pSd']!, n. A fiing or backward 
kick of a horse ; an impropriety of speech or 
behavior; a freak; a prank. 

EMtape' (Sft-kSp^), v, L To avoid; to fiee; to 
shun by fiight; to evade. — v. i. To hasten 
away ; to avoid injurv. ^n. Flight ; deliverance. 

Eft-capdlneilt ( -ment ), n. An escape ; a contriv- 
ance ina.timepiece which regulates 
its movements and allows a tooth to 
escape from a pallet at each vibra- 

Es'oliar QStHtiit), n, A drycrost or 

^^•*V^^**!S^;**- ?^^7;^^° *? Escapement 
lands to the state, etc., through *-»-i"=*"^"«" 

failure of legal owners ; lands thus reverting ; 
reversion. «i v. i. To revert or become for- 
feited to the lord or the state. 

Ea-Ohew' (Ss-chuO* v* ^* [Ebchswbd (-chnd'); 
EscHBwmo.] To flee from ; to shun; to avoid. 

Es'OOrt (Ss'kdrt), n. A guard from place to place ; 
protection. — Eft-OOrt' (fis-kdrf), v. /. To at- 
tend ; to protect ; to accompanv as safeguard. 

Es^Oll-tOlre' (^a^krT-tw&r^), n. A writing desk. 

Ei'OU-lant (Ss'kti-lait), a. Fit for food ; edible, 
^n. Anything eatable. 

Ea-ontcll'eon (Ss-ki&ch'iin^, n. A shield ; a coat of 
arms ; a metal plate which finishes a door. 

Es'kl-mo (Ss'kT-mft), Es'qni-maiii n. One of 
the race in- 
habiting Arc- 
tic America 
and O r e e n - 
land— Eakl- 
mo Oog. A 
owe r f u 1 
log, akin to 
the wolf, used 
by the Eski- 
mos to draw 

E-soplL'a-gii8 («-s5f'4-g&s), CB-Boph'a-gna, n. 
The passage through which food and (kink pass 
to the stomach ; the gullet. 

Es'O-ter'lo (8s^i-tSr'Tk), a. Designed for, and un- 
derstood iyvj the initiated alone; private; secret. 

Es-pal'ler (Ss-pSKygr), n. A frame or lattice to 
train trees and shrubs on. 

llEs-par'tO (fis-plir'ti), n. Spanish grass, from 
which are made coraage, baskets, paper, etc. 

Es-pe'oial (Ss-p8sh'al), a. Peculiar ; special ; par- 
ticular ; chief. — Ea-pe'cial-lyt adv. 

Ea-pi'al (6s-pi'al)< n. An espying ; observation ; 
discovery. — Es'pi-o-liage ( 8s ' pT - 4 - n&j or 
-n&zbOt n. Practice or employment of spies; 
secret watching. 

Ea'pla-nade' (8s'pl&-nad'), n. A clear space be- 
fore a fortification, or for public walks or drives. 



Es-ponsa' (Ss-poosOt v. L [Esfoubbd (-pouxdO ; 
EsPousiNO. 1 To give as spouse ; to marry ; to 
wed ; to adopt ; to embrace. — Ba-poil8'al (-al)t 
n. Marriage ; adoption. 

Ea-py' (8s-pi0i V. /. & i. [EspBD (-pid') ; Espt- 
IHO. 1 To discern ; to find out ; to descry ; to spy. 

Ea'Qlli-mail, n. See Eskimo, n. 

Ea-qnlie' (Ss-kwir'), n. A shield-bearer ; an at- 
tendant on a knight ; a title of dignity below a 
knight. — t'. t. To wait on ; to attend. 

EVaay (8b's&), n. A trial ; attempt ; short inform- 
al treatise. — Ea-aay' (6s-s50» v. t. [Essayed 
(-sad') ; Essaying.] To ti^ ; to attempt. — Ea'- 
aay-lat (-st-Tst), n, A writer of essays. 

Ea'aonoe (Ss^s^ns), n. Constituent qualities of a 
thing ; purely spiritual being ; odor ; scent. ^ 
V. t. To perfume ; to scent. -> Ea-aential (6s- 
sSn'shal), a. Belonging to the essence; nec- 
essary to existence ; highly important ; pure ; 
unmixed, ^n. First or constituent principle. 

— Ea-aen'tl-al'1-ty (-shT-na-ti^), Ea-a«nmal- 
neaa (-shai-nSs), n. — Ea-a«ntial-ly, adv. 

Ea-tab'llali (6s-ti(b'lTsh), v. t. [Estabushbd 
(-ITsht ) ; EsTABUSHiNG. 1 To make stable or firm ; 
to settle ; to ordain ; to found; to institute. — Ba- 
tabliall-mailt (-m«nt), n. Settlement ; confir- 
mation ; form of government ; style of living ; 
place of residence or business. 

Ea-tate' (88-tat')t n. Fixed condition of anything 
or person; rank; property, esp. in land; one 
of the classes of men constituting the state. 

Ea-teem' (8s-tSm'), v. t. [Esteskbd (-temd') ; Es- 
TEBmno.^ To set a vadue on ; to estimate ; to 
regard with respect or affection. — n. High esti- 
mation ; great regard. — Eatl-ma-blo (6^tT-m4- 
b'l), a. Capable of being estimated or valued ; 
worthy of respect. — Ea^-ma-ble-neaa, n. 

Eathete, etc. See under MsTavric, a. 

Ea'ti-nate (88'tT-mat), v. t. To form an opinion of 
the value of ; to appreciate ; to rate ; to count ; to 
calculate. — Eatl-llUlta (-m&t), n. Approximate 
judgment as to amount, cost, etc. — ISati-Ilia'- 
tor (-mii'ter), n. — Eati-ma-tiYe (-ma-tTv), a. 
Inclined, or able to estimate. — Ea^ti-ma'ttai 
(-ma'shtUi), n. An estimating ; an opinion ; cal- 
culation ; appraisement ; esteem ; regard. 

Ea'tl-Yfld (6s'tT-val or 88-ti'-), a. Pertaining to the 

Ea-top' (8s-t8j/), V. t. [EsTOFPBD (-t5pf ) ; Es- 
ix>ppiNO.] To impede ; to stop the progress of. 

— Ea-toplPOl (-tBp'pel), n. A conclusive admis- 
sion, which cannot be denied or controverted. 

Ea-traJlge' (8s-t»nj^), v. t. [Estranged (-t»njd') ; 
Estranging.] To make strange ; to keep at a 
distance ; to alienate.— E8-trange'nient(-ment), 
n. Alienation; removal. 

Ea-tzay' (8s-tra'), n. A valuable animal, wander- 
ing from its owner ; a stray. 

Ea^-a-ry (Ss'tu-a-r^), n. A narrow passi^, 
where the tide meets the current; an arm of 
the sea ; a frith. 

llB'ta'g8l»' {t'Wzhtr'), n. A piece of furniture 
having shelves, one above another. 

Etoh (8ch), V. t. [Etched (8cht) ; Etching.] To 
engrave (figures or designs) on metal, glass, 
etc., by lines eaten in by acid. ^v.i. To prac- 
tice etching. — Etching, n. Art of etching; 
a print from an etched plate. 

E-Uir'nal (i-ter'nal), a. Without beginning or end 
of existence ; everlasting ; immortal ; perpetual ; 
immutable. — n. That which has no beginning 

8* 9,1, o, lit long; ft, 9, 1, 5, tt, ^, abort; senAte, dvent, tdea, 6bey, finite, c4re, iirm, Ask, §11, flnal. 




or end ; the Deity ; God. — E-terfnal-ly, adv. 
— E-ter'nl-ty (-nl-tj^), n. The condition or 
quality of being eternal; the condition which 
begins at death. — E-ter'niZd (-niz), v, U To 
make eternal or endless ; to immortalize. 

B^er (S'thSr), n. A subtle fluid supposed to per- 
Tade space ; a light, volatile, and inflammable 
fluid, produced by distillation of alcohol with sul- 
phuric acid. — £^er-lze (-iz), v. /. To convert 
into ether ; to put under the influence of ether. 
— E-tlie'!re-al(t-the'r$-al), a. Pertaining to the 
ether ; celestial ; light or airy ; derived from, or 
relating to, ether. — E-titefre-al-lze (-tz), v. t. To 
convert into, or saturate with, ether ; to render 
ethereal or spiritlike. 

Ethic (Sthik), Ethlo-al (-T-kal), a. Relating to 
manners or morals ; treating of, or containing 
precepts of, morality. — EulC-ld-ly, adv, — 
Ethics (-Iks), n. Science of duty. 

E'tlil-op (enht.5p),E't]Ll-o'pl-an (-S'pT-an), n. 
A native of Ethiopia. — E^tU-O^l-an, E^tlll- 
oplG (-9p ' Ik), a. Belonging to Ethiopia. — 
l^thl-opao, n. The language of Ethiopia. 

Eth'nio (Sth'nTk), Eth'nlc-al (-nT-kal), a. Be- 
longing to races ; heathen; pagan. ' 

Etll-ilCg'ra-plLy (Stb-n5g'rA^f j^), ». Description 
of the different races of men, with their char- 
acteristics, habits, etc. — Bth-nog'ra-plLer 
(-fSr), n. — Eth^no-graph'iC (Sth/nft-grSftk), 
Eth'nO-gxaph'iO-al T-t-kal), a. Pertainmg to 
ethnography. — Eth-IlOl'O-gy (-n51'6-iy ), n. Sci- 
ence of the division of man into races, their 
origin, differences, etc. — Etll-ncl'O-glcrt (-jTst), 
n. — Eth'no-lorio (6th'n«.15jnrk), mh'no-log'- 
io-al (-T-kal), a. Pertaining to ethnology. 

BH-O-late (S'tT-i-lat), V. i, & t. To whiten by 
absence of light. — E^tl-0-la'tion (-la'shtin), n. 
Bleaching or paleness produced by absence of 
light or by disease. 

EM-qnette' {^xn-\a\/\ n. The observance of the 
proprieties required by good breeding ; conven- 
tional decorum ; ceremony. 

Etlia (Sfn&), n. A portable cooking apparatus, 
heated by a spirit lamp. 

Et'y-mcl'O-gy («t/I-m»l'ft-jy), n. Science of the 
origin and derivation of words. — Et^y-mol'O- 
giflt (-jlst), n. One versed in etymology. — Bt'- 
y-mo-log'lo-al (-mft-15j'T-kal),a. Pertaining to 
etymologv. — EVy-mo-lOg'iC-al-ly, adv. 

Et'y-moil (St0t-m5n), n. An original form; a 
primitive word ; a root. 

Eu'cha-rist ( u ' k& - rTst ), n. Sacrament of the 
Lord's supper; communion. — En'clia-ris'tlc 
(-rts'tlk), Eu^Oha-risHo-al (-tt-kal), o. Per- 
taining to the Lord's supper. 

En'Ohre (u'ker), n. A game at cards, played by 
two, three, or four persons, with a portion of 
the pack used in whist. ~~ v. t. To defeat (the 
side making the trump) in the game of euchre ; 
to foil thoroughly. 

EulO-gy (u'l*-J3^)» «• A speech or writing com- 

mendmg the character or services of a person ; 

iraise ; encomium ; pane^^ic. — En ' lo - gist 

-jTst), n. One who eulogizes. — Eu^lo-gls'tic 

-jts'tTk), a. Commendatory; laudatory. — 

Su-lo'gl-TlIll (ti-15'jl-am), n. A formal eulogy. — 

EnlO-glze (ua^-jlz), v. t. To praise. 

Eulinch (u'nfik), n. A human male castrated, 

often employed as a chamberlain. 
OEn-pep'si-a Oi-pSp'sT-& or -sh&), En-pep'sy (h^), 
Gkx)d digestion ; — opposed to dyspepsia, — 


En-peptlO (-p^pliTk), a. Having good diges- 
tion ; easy of digestion. 

EulllLe-llllsm (u'^-mlz'm), n. A delicate word 
or expression used for a harsh or indelicate one. 

Ea'phO-ny (u'fi-nj^), n. Agreeable sound ; smooth 
enunciation of sounds. — En-phon'ic (fi-f 5n'Tk), 
Eu-phon'io-al (-T-kol), En-phdil-oiis (-fS'nT- 
lis), a. Ai^eeable in sound. — En'plLO-lIOll (u'f d- 
non), n. A musical instrument, like the organ 
in tone, and upright piano in form. 

Bu'phu-ifDII (u'fti-Tz'm), n. Affected elegance 
of lansruage. — En'plLU-ist (-Tst), n. ' 

Eu-ra'Sian (d-rS'shan), a. Pertaining to both Eu- 
rope and Asia. ^n. A child of a European and 
an Asiatic parent, or one of European parent- 
age, but born in Asia. 

llEu-ro'ka (d-reac&). [Or. "I have found it.'*] A 
triumphaoit exclamation on making a discovery. 

EWro-pe'an (u'rft-pS'an), a. Pertadning to Eu- 
rope. — n. A native or an inhabitant of Europe!. 

Eu^tha-na'si-a (u ' th& - ns ' zht - &), Eu-than'a-sy 

(u-thSn'&HE^ or u'th&-na'zj^), n. An easy death. 

E-Yao'11-ate (e-vSk'u-at), v. t. To make empty ; to 
eject ; to void ; to quit. — E-vac'n-a-tor (-a/tSr), 
n. — E-yaoll-aiLt (-u-ant), a. Evacuati ve. — n. 
A purgative or cathartic. — E-vac'U-atlon (-a'- 
shOn^, n. An evacuating; withdrawal; that 
whicn is discharged, esp. from, the bowels. — 
E-yacll-a-tiYe (S-vSk'u-fi-tTv), a. Serving to 
evacuate; cathartic; purgative. 

E-vads' (e-vadOt v< t- & «• To elude ; to escape. 

Ev^a-nes^cant (Sv/&-n8s's«nt), a. Vanishing; 
fleeting; imperceptible. — Ev'a-nes'oenoo 
(-sens), n. Disappearance. 

E-Yan'gel (^-vSn'jSl), n. Good news ; the gospel. 
— E'van-gel'lc (e'vSn-jSi'Ik or gv'Sn-), E^yan- 
gel'lo-al (-T-kal), a. Contained in, relating to, or 
consonant with, the gospel ; orthodox. — E^Tan- 

Smo-al-ly, adv, — WYBH-fBll-oism (-jei'T- 
z'm), n. Evangelical prmciples. — jtrYan'- 
gel-lsm (^-vSn'jSl-Tz'm), n. Promulgation of 
the gospel.— E-van'gei-lst (-Tst), ». One of 
the writers of the gospel history ; a missionary 
preacher. — E-yan'gel-lze (-iz), v, U & i. To 
mstruct in the gospeL 
E-Yap'o-rate (^-vSp^-rSt), v. i. & t. To pass off in 
vapor ; to dissipate ; to waste. — E-vap^O-ratiOll 
(-ra'sh&n), n. Conversion of a fluid into vapor. 

— E-vap'0-ra-tlve (-vSp'ft-ra-tTv), a. Pertain- 
ing to, or producing, evaporation. 

E-Va'sloil (s-va'zh&n), n. An evading; subter- 
fuge ; prevarication ; equivocation. — E-Ya'siYS 
(-sTv), a. Tending to evade, or marked by eva- 
sion. — E-va'slYe-ly, adv. 

Eye (ev^, E^en (e^v'n), n. Evening ; evening 
preceoing some particular day, as Christinas eve 
is the evening before Christmas. 

E'yen (S'v'n), a. Level, smooth, or equal in 
surface ; uniform ; fair ; equitable ; odd ; not ca- 
pable of division by 2 ; — said of numbers, —if. t. 
To make even ; to level ; to lMdance.^a<fv. Ex- 
actly ; equally ; at the very time ; so much as. 

— E'yen-ly, adv. — E'ven-ness, ». 
E'yen-lng (S'v'n-Tng or ev'nTng), n. Close of the 

day ; beginning of night. 
E-yent' (t-v8nt'), n. That which falls out or hap- 
pens ; incident ; occurrence ; result ; conse- 
quence; end. — E-yent'fnl (-ful), a. Full of 
incidents ; momentous. — E-yentU-al (-vSn'- 
tti-al), a. Happening as a consequence or re- 
sult ; final ; ultimate. — E-YOn'tn-al-ly, adv, — 

ttm, recent, drb, r^de, X^ Qra, ItfM, Xdbfe, onti oil) eluir, (o, ain^, i||k, t^en, tliiR, 


t* (t-T«Dta-U), V. i. To iHua ; 

Br'ar (f^r), adv. At any tbne ; at all time 
alw»i I witliout iDtomiplion i to tha end' 

B*'«Hpua(fiT'>^«Bd),>>. Low land ImmdjU. 
with wiUt md beHinggnu. 

B*'WB*M (hflfglfln), 0. AJwayi gTBen. ■ 

[ (fifti-IUflBg), a. Luting to 


ElHdt;(egH|lf),P.(. Tclevtt 

(-l^t^tbttn), n. A Taljing i el 
BMialUB (»gi-Kin'tn), IJ. (. [E 

lo, to eiplore. — to-ini'l- ' 
ltlrai(-I-ilI'shHa).n. An 
_ve8tJntloD j inquiry- 
SlrMmylt (egi-Sm'p'l), n. 


bXag'), n. Whaterei 

-.italdsradi jlU thinffB. 

C-hwSP), BdP. InByery,__., , . 

ttiorougbly ; altogetlieT. 
B-TlOt' (S-vIkt^, e. (. To diiponen by JuaicUd 

procBMi to eject; to OMt. — E-Tifltioil (-vlk'- 

■hOn), n. DinrOBHHsioii. 
ET'l-a«al (gyl-amil), a. Clear to the yinon or 

underataDding; plain ; obvLoua, — ETl-daiM7t 

SfTll (yvl), o. Baying 1 
qualitLet ; worthleu ; hu 
taluoitotii. ^ n. Injun 

to(*-yT»'aSr-at),tJ. (. 
— B-rtytMTB^lOm j-a'«liBn), n. 

BT'l-t«-bU << 


[EYOnan (-yiSk 

;-.iSktO; 1 



prncribed or rogidar 
llat-*-TT <-S-rJ), o. Psttainldg 
B-TOlTtf tt-iBlv^, - ' "• 

Bwi{u),n. A (em 

Ei-aifu-luta ()^»4B'ir-l»t), 
v.L To Inltato I toeunHi- 
alf. — Ez - ao ' u-la ' tton 

(-l^ataBn), n. An Inteiuity- 

l-yfflyd') ; 

in^i periodical fncreaae 

sly ^ 


; tribute.— 

(JOil/I-tud), .. 

- KCgW-sW («gl-*]'ir-*tr), 

■ Viu-atlOD (-S'thOn), n. Rap- 
^ond the tnitb ; hyperboJa | over- 

Bz-U'p«I-lU Hgi-IJi'plSi-U 

tuin), a. 'lihUtim^;' p: 
Uon (oT a diaeaBe). 
Ez'u-Tlts (fikVU-yat), I 

Exfia-Ti'toi (-yStSr), n. ■ 
ablln), n. An excamtiiig 
end cutting bi tbe eartb. 

To a yery great dCKi^e ; 
Bl-OBl' (&-B»ia r. (. 4 i. 
BiciLUHa,] To exceed 
Ml-lant ist'sfl-lent), a 

Ez'OBi-UBt-iT, adv. — E 
State or qualfty ol hebig 
HoodncM; purity; giea 
f-i™-ej!).«. ExcBllenca 


Ei-Bi'por-itioii <-£'- 

Lnioe f-lenB), n. 
- Bi'iial-leii-or 

k^Binfj.v.t. loleaveoutitoeicluda 
^0 tue exceptioD to ; toobiact.^prep, 
Witb eicluaion Of ; leayfng oDt ; excepting. — 
coi^. UnleH 1 if not. — u-mtlnc, prrp. & 

eluding; eicepC — Ex-asif or <-3r), n. Ont 
«bo t^es eiceptioiu. — Ei-en'tloii (^flp'j^lbi), 
R. Eicluakn ; tbing excluded; oblection.— 
BX-WWTlOIl-ll <-al), 0, Forming an fliceptim ; 
eicepflye. — Bl-<Ivtlia-«-l>te, a. Uable K 
eicepUon ; objectionable. — Ez-oepflTS [-<apf . 

lUMWf (Si-eBro?), v. I. To select ; lo eitract ; 

OBrp'Wr (-B^tit), n. 
Jx-oeM" ca-bSa'), n. Btate of eiooeding or lur. 

another; remahuler, — i^-<»UlTB<-f£B^y), 1. 



>, fi,I,S, a, long) ft, «,1, &,&,}, .1 

t ; MnAla, SToat, H«k, Abay, Unite, cftn, Urm, Aak, (11, aud, 




Ez-clian'ger (-chlH'jSr), n. — Ex-oliangfa-ble 
(•chauj'&-b'l), a. Fit or proper to be exchanged. 
— Bx-ohaii«e/a-l)M-5r (-4-bnt-ty ), n. 

Ex-oheQ'lier (Sks-chSk'er), n. An Ebgluh court 
of law, also the governmental department in 
charge of the revenue ; the treasury. 

Ez-Cise' (8k-siz0) n. Duty on goods, —v. t. To 
lay duty on ; to tax. — Ez-Ols'a-ble (-8lz'&-bU), 
a. Liable or subject to excise. — Ex-Gisefnum 
(-man), p,. A collector of excise. 

Ez-clBO' (fik-8iz')i V. U To cut off or out. — Ex- 
ol'Slon (-sTzh'dn), n. A cutting off; extirpa- 
tion; destruction. 

Ex-Oite' (Sk-sitOf V. t. To call to activity ; to ani- 
mate ; to stimulate ; to irritate ; to provoke. — 
Ex-Oit'er, n. — Ex-oiltlllC, a. Producing excite- 
ment. — Ex - oit ' a - 1)le, a. — Ex-olVa-liil'i-ty 
rgk-si/t&-bTlT-tj^), n. Irritability. — Ex-Clt'ant 
(-si'tant), a. Exciting. — n. A stimulant. — 
Ex'Cl-ta'tioil (-sT-ta'shfin), n. Act of exciting ; 
excitement. — Ex-Clte'nieilt (-sifment), n. Agi- 
tation ; state of aroused vital activity. 

Ex-claim' (8ks-klam0,v.<. [£xcLAiM]a>(-klamdO; 
Exclaiming.] To cry out ; to vociferate. — Ex- 
olaim'er, n. — Ex^cla-matlon (-klA-mS'shfin), 

n. An exclaiming ; expression of surprise, joy, 
etc. ; a word expressing outcry ; interjection ; 
a printer's mark noting emphatic utterance or 
outcry, thus [!]. — Ex-clam'a-tiYe (-klfim'A^ 
tTv), Ex-olam'a-to-ry (-tft-rj^), a. Containing, 
expressing, or using, exclamation. 

Ex-dnde' {eks-klud')f v. t. To thrust or shut 
out ; to hinder from admission ; to debar. — Ex- 
Olil'slon (-klu'zhfin), n. An excluding. — Ex- 
Oln'siYd (-sTv), a. Having the power to exclude ; 
not taking into the account. — n. One of a 
coterie who exclude others. — Ex-Clll'llye-ly, 
adv. — Ex - olu ' slYe - ness, n. — Ex-oln'so-ry 
i-»t-rf)i a. Able to exclude ; exclusive. 

Ex-CO0-tate (Sks-k5j1-tat), v. t. To think out ; 
to discover by thinking. — Ex - OOg ' i - ta ' tion 
(-ta'shiin), n. Contrivance ; discovery. 

Ex^com-mn'ni-oate (fiks'k5m-mu'nT-kat), V. L 
To exclude from communion.— a. Excommu- 
nicated, ^n. One who has been excommuni- 
cated. — Ex'COm-mu^lli-oation (-kS'shfin), n. 
Act of excommunicating ; ejection. — Ex^OOm- 
mu'ni-oa'tor (-mu'nT-kS^ter), n. 

Ex-CO'ri-at« (fiks-kS'rT-at), v. t. To strip off the 
skin of ; to abrade ; to galL — Ex-GO^rl-a'tion 
(-a'shQu), n. An abrasion. 

Ex'cre-ment (Sks'kr^-ment), n. Matter dis- 
charged from the body ; dung ; ordure. — Ex'- 
ore-men'tal (-mSn'tai), Ex^cre-men-ti'tioiui 
(-tTsh'tis), a. Pertaining to, or containing, ex- 

Ex-ores^oent (Sks-krSs'sent), a. Growing out 
unnaturally. — Ex-crea'oence (-sens), n. Un- 
natural growth ; troublesome superfluity. 

Ex-orete' (Sks-kref), v. t. To discharge from 
the body as useless ; to eject. — Ex-cretioil 
( -kre'shtln ), n. A throwing off effete matter 
from the body ; excrement. — Ex^ore-ttve (8k»- 
kretlv or gks'kre-), Bx'cre-tO-ry (-t*-ij^)i a. 
Having the quality of excreting. — Ex'ore-tO-r7t 
n. A duct to receive and excrete matter. 

Ex-om'cl-ate (Sks-kru'shT-St), v. /. To torture ; 
to torment. — Ex-oru'Oi-a'tion (-a'shfin), n. 
Act of inflicting extreme pain ; torture. 

Ex-cnlliate (Sks-kttl'pSt), v. t. To clear from 
charge of guilt ; to exonerate ; to excuse ; to 

justify. — Ex'onl-patlon (Sks^kttl-pS'shSn), n. 
Excuse. — Ex-cnrpa-to-ry (-kfil'p4-t*-rj^), a. 
Able to clear from fault ; excusing. 
K-onr'llon (6ks-k(ir'sh&u), n. An expedition ; ^^ 
a trip ; a digression. — Ex-cnx^slon-lst, n. One 
who goes on an excursion. — Ex-OVI'slYe (-siv), 
a. Wandering ; enterprising ; exploring. — Ex- 
onx^slYe-ly, adv. — Ex-ciu/slYo-ness, n, 

Ex-cnse' (Sks-kuz')} v. t. To exculpate ; to par- 
don ; to overlook ; to remit ; to apologize for. — 
Ex-cnse' (-kus'), n. Apology ; justification ; 
extenuation. — Ex-ClU'er (-kuz'Sr), n. — Ex- 
ons'a-ble (-&-b'l), a. Pardonable. 

Ex'6-crate (eks^-krSt), v. /. To denounce evil 
against ; to abhor ; to curse. — Ex^O-cra-ble 
(-kr&-b'l), a. Very hateful ; detestable ; abom- 
inable. — Ex'e-orarbly, adv. — Ex ' e - oxa ' tloa 
(-krS'shi&iO, n. A curse ; an imprecation. 

Ex'e-Glltd (Sks^-kut), V. t. To carry into effect ; 
to give validity to ; to put to death ; to perform (a 
piece of music). — v. t. To perform an office or 
duty ; to play on a musical instrument. — Ex'e- 
on'ter (-ku'cSr), n.— Ex'e-cutloii (-ku'shfin), 
n. An executing ; performance ; achievement ; 
mode of performing works of art, of performing 
on an instrument, of engraving, etc. ; the sign- 
ing and sealing a legal instrument ; a putting 
to death as a legal punishment. — Ex'e-ontlon- 
er (-Sr), n. One who carries into effect a judg- 
ment of death. —Ex-ei/n-tlYe (8gz-Sk'6-tTv), 
a. Carding into effect ; pertaining to the exe- 
cution of the laws. ^ n. An officer or authority 
charged with the execution of the laws. — Ex- 
OO'u-tant (-tant), n. One who executes or per- 
forms ; a performer on a musical instrument. 
— Ex-eo'n-tor (-tSr), n. One who executes or 
performs ; one appointed by a testator to exe- 
cute his will ; one who settles an estate. — Ex- 
eo'n-tor-Bllip, n. The office of an executor. — 
Ex-eo'U-tO-ry (-ti-rjOt a. Performing official 
duties ; executive. — Ex-eofn-trsss (-trSs), Ex- 
eo'u-txlx (-trTks), n. A female executor. 

Ex^O-ge'sis (Sks^^-je'sts), n. Science of interpre- 
tation; exposition; explanation (esp. of the 
Scriptures). — Ex'e-gote (Sks^jSt), n. One 
skilled in exegesis. — Ex'e-gOt1o-al (-T-kal), a. 
Pertaining to exegesis; explanatory. — Ex'O- 
i[et'iC8 (-Iks), n. The science of interpreta- 
tion; exegesis. 

Ex-em'plar (^z-8m'pl8r), n. An example, model, 
or pattern, to be imitated. — Ex ' em - pla - ry 
(-pl&-rj^), a. Acting as an exemplar ; serving as 
a model ; commendable ; serving as a warning. 

Ex-em'pli-fy (Sgz-Sm'piI-fi), v. t. [ExmiFLinKD 
(-fid); ExBMPLiFTmo.] To illustrate by ex- 
ample. ~ Ex-em'pli-fl-ca'tiott (-fl-ki'shOn), n. 
An exemplifying ; a copy; a transcript. 

Ex-empf (Sgz-Smpf), V. t. To take out or from ; 
to free (from obligation or service) ; to release. 
— i a. Taken out ; liberated. ^ n. One freed from 
duty ; one not subject. — Ex-emption (-Smp^- 
ahim), n. An exempting ; freedom from what 
others are subject to ; immunity ; privilege. 

llEx'e-qiia'tllZ (Sks^ft-kwS'tiir), n. Official recog- 
nition of a consul or commercial agent ; official 

Ex'er-Cise (Sks^r-siz), n. Use; training; per- 
formance ; exertion ; activity ; trial ; task. ^ 
V. U [ExxRoisBD (-sizd) ; Exbscisino (-sf^zlng). J 
To use ; to employ ; to train ; to discipline ; 
to tax ; to vex. — v. i. To take exercise ; to 

18x11, ncent, 6rbt n|de, fyll, ftm, ftfbd, f<jbt| out, oil, ohair, go, sins, ink, then, tliiii* 




nae action. — 2z-«r^ol-ta^on (Sks - Sr ' sT - tS ' - 

ahfin), n. Exercise ; use. 
Bx-ergne' (Sgs-Srg' or Sks'SrgO, n. A place on a 

coin or medal for the date and engraver's name. 
2z-eit^ (egx-Srf ), V. <. To put forth (strength or 

ability); to do; toperform.— Ex-er^onC-Sr'- 

ahtbi), n. An exerting; effort; struggle. 
EX-f oOi-attt (8k»-f S'lT-St), v,i,SLt, To scale off. 

— Ex-lo^li-atlon (-S'shfin), n. Scaling off of a 
bone, rock, mineral, etc. 

Ex-]ial8' (8ks-hal' or Sgz-alOt v. /. & i. [Ex- 
HALSD (-hald') ; Exhauno.] To send out or 
emit (vapor, etc.). — Ez-hal'a-llle, a. Capable 
of being exhaled. — Ex-lial'ant, a. Having the 
quality of exhaling. — Ex'lia-la^im, n. Evap- 
oration; matter exhaled ; fume; effluvium. 

Ex-hailft' (Sgz-)|8tOi v* t' To draw out or drain off 
completely ; to empty ; to expend entirely ; to 
wear out ; to weary. — i a. Drained ; exhausted ; 
having expended or lost its energy. — n. Steam 
of an engine, allowed toescape from the cylinder 
after having produced motion of the piston; 
foul idr drawn from a room by registers, etc — 
Ez-lunsrer, n. — Ex-luiiff i-ue, a. — Ex- 
hanstOass, a. — Ex-hanstion (-fta'chi&n), n. 

Act of exhausting ; state of beinff exhausted. — 
Ex-]iailft1ye (-gst^v), a. Servmg or tending 
to exhaust ; exhibiting all the facts or argu- 
ments. — Ex-lunst'iYe-ly, adv. 

Ex-hlblt (Sga-Ib^t or 8ks-hrb1t), «. U To dis- 
play ; to show publicly. — n. An article shown 
in an industrial exhibition ; paper presented as 
a voucher, or in proof of facts. — Ex-hlVit-ar 
(4lr), Ex-hlVit-or, n. ~ Ex'hl-M'ticn (Sks/hT- 
bTsh'fin), n. An exhibiting; manifestation; 
display ; public show. 

Ex-Ul'a-xate (8gz-TKA.rat or 6ks-hTF-), v- 1. To 
make cheerful or merry ; to enliven ; to cheer. — 
Ex-Jill'a-xailt, a. Exciting joy, mirth, or 
pleasure. — n. That which exMlarates. — Ex- 
nll^a-ratlon (-i^'shiin), n. Animation ; gayety. 

Ex-hort' (Sgz-drt' or fiks-hOrf ), v. t. & i. To ad- 
vise ; to warn ; to caution. — Ex-hort'er, n. — 
Ex'hor-ta^on (-h5r-ta'shfin), n. An exhort- 
ing ; advice ; counsel. — Ex-lun'ta-tiye (figz-dr'- 
tArtTv or 8ks-h8r'-), Ex-horna-to-ry (-t4^tft-ry), 
a. Containing exhortation ; hortatory. 

Ex-hnme' (8ks-hum'), v. t. [Exhuhsd (-humd') ; 
Exhuming.] To dig up (from a grave) ; to disin- 
ter. — Ex'nn-ma'tlon (Sks'hu-mS'shiln), n. An 

Exi-gent (SksT-jcnt), a. Bequiring^ immediate 
aid or action ; pressing. — Exl-gsnoe (-jens), 
Exl-gen-ey (-jen-sj^), n. Urgency; distress; 
emergency ; necessity. 

Ex'ile (Sksol), n. Forced separation from one's 
country ; banishment ; one banished from his 
country.— V. /. [Exiled (-fid) ; Exhjko.] To 
banish ; to drive away ; to transport. 

Ex-l8t' (figz-Tsf), V. i. To be ; to live ; to have life. 

— Ex-lst'ence (-^ns), n. State of existing or 
being; occurrence; a creature. — Ex-lst'ent 
(-ent), a. Having being ; existing. 

Ex'lt (eksTt), n. A departure (from the stage of 
action or of life) ; death ; passage out of a place. 

Ex'O-dns (Sks'A-dfis), n. A departure ; esp., the 
departure of the Israelites from Egypt ; a book 
of the Old Testament, narrating this departure. 

Ex-on'er-ate (Sgz-Sn'er-^t), v. t. To relieve (from a 
charge, obligation, or blame) ; to absolve ; to ac- 
quit ; to discharge. — Ex-on'er-a'tlcn (-a'shiin), 

n. A freeing, or state of being freed, from a 
charge ; relief from censure. 

Ex'o-xa-Ua (6ks'dr-&>b'l), a. Capable of bemg 
moved by entreaty. 

Ex-orOll-tailt ( 6gz . dr ' bl - tant ), a. Excessive ; 
enormous; irregular. — Ex-orObl-tant-ly, adv. 
— Ex-orOil-taiice (-tons), Ex -or' 1)1 -tan -07 
(-tan-^), n. Enormity ; extravagance. 

Ex'or-Olse (Sks^Br-siz), v. t. [Exobcissd (-sizd) ; 
ExoBcisiNO.] To drive away (an evil spirit) by 
conjjiration. — Ex'dr-Ci^SOr (-si'zSr), n. — Bx'- 
Or-Cism (-siz'm), n. Act of exorcising ; incan- 
tation used for this end. — Ex'or-Gist (-stst), n. 
' One who pretends to expel evil spirits. 

Ex-Ol/dl-lim (Sgz-dr'dT-fim), n. ; U* E. Exordi- 
ums (-Qmz), L. Exordia (-&). A oeginning ; the 
introductory part of a discourse. — Ex-Oir'dl-al 
(-dl-fll), a. introductory. 

Ex'0-terlo (Sks'S-t&'Ik), Ex'o-ter'lG-al (-t-kol), 
a. Public ; not secret ; comprehensible. 

Ex-Ot'lc (8gz-5fTk), a. Introduced from abroad ; 
foreign, -^n. A plant, word, custom, etc., of for- 
eign origin. — Ex-ot'l-GlSin (-l-slz'm), n. State 
of being exotic ; anything foreign. 
:-pand' (Sks-pSnd'), v. t.&i. To open; to dilate ; 
to enlarge ; to extend. — Ex-panse' (-pans'), n. 
That which is expanded ; wide extent of space ox 
body ; the firmament. — Ex-pan'sl-hle (-pSn'^ 
sT-b'l), a. Capable of being expanded. — Ex- 
Ban'sl-Ml'l-ty (-sT-bTW-ty), n. — Ex-pan'sion 
(-pfin'shi&n), n. Dilatation ; enlargement ; ex- 
panse; space; room. — Ex-pan'SlYe (-sTv), a. 
Serving, or having a capacity or tendency, to 
expand. — Ex-pan'slYe-noss, n. 
' f parte (Sks^ pSr^t^). Upon or from one side 
only; partial; one-sided. 

Ex-pa'tl-ate (Sks-pa'shT-St), V. i. To move at 
Iwge ; to wander without restraint ; to enlarge 
in discourse. — Ex-pa'11-a'tion (4i'Bhfin), n. An 
expatiating. —Ex-pati-a'tor (-a'tSr), n. 

Ex-patri-ate (Sks-pS'trT-St), v. t. To banish. — 
Ex-pa^trl-ation (-a'shfin), n. Banishment. 

Ex-pect' (6ks-p8kf ), .v. t. To wait for ; to await ; 
to anticipate. — Ex-peot'ant (-ant), a. Waiting ; 
looking for. — n. One who waits in expecto- 
tion.— Ex-peot'anoe (-ans), Ex-pect'an-07 
(-an-(^), n. An expecting ; object of expecta- 
tion. — Ex-peo-ta'tion (-pSk-ta'shfin), n. Act 
or state of expecting or being expected ; thing 
expected; prospect^ confidence; trust; prom- 
ise. — Ex-peot'er, n. 

Ex-pectO-ratO (Sks-pSk'ti-rat), V, t, & i. To 
discharge (phlegm, etc.) from the throat or 
lungs; to spit. — Ex- peo' to -rant (-rant), a. 
Tending to promote discharges from the Ivaagi 
or throat, ^n. Medicine to promote expecto^ 
ration. — Ex-pec'tO-ration (-ra'sh&n),n. Act 
of expectorating ; matter expectorated. — Ex- 
pec'to-ra-tive (-td-ra-tTv), a. Expectorant. 

Ex-pe'dl-ent (Sks-pe'dT-ent), a. Hastening for- 
ward ; tending to further a proposed object ; 
advisable; profitable, ^n. Suitable means to 
an end ; contrivance ; resort. — Ex-pe'di-ent-ly, 
a<fv. — Ex-pe'dl-ence (-ens), Ex-pe'dl-en-cy 
(-en-sj^), n. Quality of being expedient ; desir- 
ableness; self-interest; self-seeking. 

Ex^jie-dlte (Sks'p^-dlt), a. Free of impediment; 
quick; prompt. ^ v. t. To relieve of imped- 
iments ; to quicken ; to dispatch. — Ex'pe-dite- 
ly, adv. — Ex'pe-dl'tion (-dTsh'tm), n. 
^omptness; haste; an enterprise; an excur- 

fi, e, 1, 5, a, long ; &, «, I, ft, O, f, abort ; aeoAte, «vent, Idea, 6bey, tinite, oAre, ftrm, ask, |^, finals 




don ; a body of persons making an excursion. — 
Ex^pfr-dltlOllB (-dTsh'Qs), a. Prompt ; ready ; 
quick ; alert — jBz''pe-di'ti01lS-l7, adv. 

Ez-pol' (8k8-p810f V. L [^XPBLLKO (-pSldO ; Ex- 
PBLLiNO.] To drive or force out ; to eject ; to 
banish. — Ex-pellA-Me {-Ik-Vl), a. 

Ez-pend' (Sks-pend'), v, L To apply or employ ; 
to use ; to consume ; to waste. — Ex-peud't-tnie 
(-T-t6r), n. Disbursement ; expense. — Ex- 
pense' (-pfins'), n. Act of expending ; outlay ; 
cost. — ju-poi'sive (-pSn'sTv), a. Occasion- 
ing expense; costly; lavish; extravagant.— 
Ex-pen'slYe-ly, adv, — Ex-pen'siYe-ness, n. 

Ez-po^zl-ence (eks-pS'rt-ens), n. Practical knowl- 
edge gained by personal observation or trial ; 
proof ; test; experiment.— v. /. [Expbbibnced 
(-Snst) ; ExPKBiBNCiNO.] To know or prove by 
trial; to feel. — Ex-pe'xl-«nced (-«nst), a. 
Taught by experience ; practiced; versed. 

Ez-per1-ment (Sks-pSr'T-nMnt), n. ▲ trial delib- 
erately instituted ; a practical test ; a proof. — 
V. t. To make trial; to test; to try. — Ez- 

fier'l-men'ter, Ez-pei/1-men'tal-lst (-mSn'tal- 
st), n. One who experiments. — Ez - per ' 1- 
mental (-mSn'tol), a. Pertaining to, or skilled 
in, experiments ; derived from, or affording, ex- 
periment. — Ez-pei/i-mental-ly, adv. 

Ez-pert' (Sks-pSrt'), a. Taught by use or experi- 
ence ; dexterous ; skillful. — Ez^ert (Sks'pSrt 
or 8ks-perf ), n. A practiced person ; a scientific 
or professional witness. — Ez-pert^y (-pSrt^j^), 
adv. — Ez-pert'ness, n. 

Ez'pl-ate (fiks'pT-at), V. t. To make satisfaction 
or reparation for ; to atone for. — Ez'Pl-a-Me 
(-4-b'l), a. — Ez'pl-a'tor (-a'tSr), n. — Bz'pl-a'- 
tion (-a'shOn), n. An expiating; atonement; 
satisfaction. — Ez'pl-a-to-r7(-&-ti-ij^),a. Hav- 
ing power to make atonement. 

Ez-plre' (Sks-pirOi v. t. [Bzfibkd (-pudO ; Ex- 
piRiNe.] To breathe out ; to emit from the 
lungs ; to exhale. — v. i. To die ; to come to 
an end ; to perish. — Ez'pl-ratlon (Sks^pT-ra^ 
sh&n), n. An expiring ; exhalation ; death ; 
termination ; end. — Z^-plr'a-tO-ry (-pir'&-ti- 
r]^), a. Pertaining to, or employed in. emission 
of breath from the limgs. — Ez'pi-ry (Sks'pT-r]^ 
or 6ks-piM, n. Expiration. 

Ez-platn' (^8-plan'), v. t. [Exflaineo (-pllndO ; 
Explaining.] To make plain, manifest, or in- 
telligible; to interpret; to elucidate; to clear 
up. — V. {. To give explanation. — Ez-platn'a- 
Me (-A-b'l), a. — Ez'pla-natlon (Sks'plA-na'- 
BhKn), n. An explaining ; a description ; an 
illustration ; a recital ; account ; detail. — Ez- 
plan^a-tO-ry (-pian'4-tft-ry), a. Serving to ex- 
plain ; containing explanation. 

Ezllle-tlye (fiks'pIft-tTv), a. Filling up ; super- 
fluous. — n. A word not necessary to the sense ; 
an oath. 

Ez'pli-cate (Sks'plT-kat), v. L To unfold ; to ex- 
plain ; to show. — Ez'pli-ca'tor (-ka'tSr), n. — 
EzW-OA-Me (-k&-bn), a: Capable of being ex- 
plicated. — Ez'pli-catlon (-kS'shiin), n. An 
explaining; interpretation; sense given by an 
expositor. — Ez^li-oa'tlYe (-ka'tiv), EzW- 
oa^tO-ry (-kS'ti-rf ), a. Explanatory. 

Ez-pliolt (Sks-plTs'Tt), a. Distinctly stated; 
clear ; plain ; express ; not ambiguous. — Ez- 
pUc'iMy, a(ft;.— Ez-pUolt-ness, n. 

Ez-plode' (8ks-plod'), V. i. & t. To burst with a 
loud report. — Ez-plO'llon (Sks-plo'xhfin), n. 

i A sudden borstim^ with loud noise ; a diflchar|pe ; 
an outburst. — SC-plo'slye (-sTv), a. Causing 
explosion. — •»». An explosive agent (gunpowder, 
nitroglycerine, etc.) ; a sound produced by an 
explosive impulse of the breath ; a o(msonant 
(p, 6, <, d, A, g) so soimded. 

Ez-ploif (Sks-ploif)) n. A deed; an heroic act; 
a feat. — V. t. To utilize; to make available 
(mining products, lands, etc.). — Ez'plol-tatlon 
(Sks'ploi-ta'shfin), n. Process by which ores, 
etc., are rendered available. 

Ez-plore' (Sks-plor'), v. t. To search through ; 
to examine thoroughly. — Ez-plOT'er, n. — Ez'- 
plO-ra'tion (-plft-ra'shi&n), n. An exploring. — 
Ez'plo-ra^tor (Sks'pli-ra'tSr), n.— Ez-^lor'a- 
to-ry (-plSr'A-tft-ry or -pl5r'-), a. Serving to 
explore; exploring. 

Ez-plo^sloni etc. Bee under Exflodb. 

Ez-pe'nent (Sks-pS'iient), n. A number or <}aan- 
tity denoting how often another quantity is re- 
peated as a factor ; an index ; a representative. 

Ez-port' (Sks-porf), V. t. To carry (wares, prod- 
ucts, etc.) from a country to other communi- 
ties. — Ezliort (Ska'pSrt), n. An exporting; 
article exported. — Ez-poort'er (-pSrfSr), n. — 
Ez-port'a-ble, a. Capable of being exported. 
— Ez'por-ta'tlon (Sks^pir-tSfshlin), n. An ex- 
porting : commodity exported. 

Ez-poM' (8k8-p5z'), V. U [Expomd (-p5zd0 ; Ex- 
posing.] To lay open or bare ; to show ; to ex- 
hibit. — llEz'po'S^ (8kB'p«'x&0« n- Disclosure ; 
revelation of something concealed. — Ez'po-il'- 
tion (-zTsh'Qn), n. An exposing ; a public ex- 
hibition or show : explanation ; interpretation. 

— Ez-pos^l-tiYe (-p&l-tiv), a. Serving to ex- 
pose or explain ; explanatory. — Ez-p08'i-tor 
(-tSr), n. Interpreter. — Ez-poVi-tO-ry (-ti- 
r^), a. Belonging to an expositor, or to expo- 
sition ; explanatory ; illustrative ; exegetical. 

ilEz' POSV facto (Sks' pSsV fSkOA) or t|Ez post- 
faotO. Done after another thing; in conse- 
qjaence of a subsequent act ; retrospective. — 
Ez post faeto law. A law which operates 

Ez-postn-late (Sk»-p8e^6-lat), v. i. To remon- 
strate earnestly. — Ez-postU-la'tor (-li'tSr), n. 

— Ez-pos^tn-la'tion (-IS'shfin), n. Remon- 
strance ; earnest protest. — Ez-postn-la-to-iy 
(-l&-t^-rj^), a. Containing remonstrance. 

Ez-pe'snre (Sks-pS'zhAr), n. An exposing ; po- 
sition as to points of the compass, climate, etc. 

Ez-ponnd' (Sks-pound'), v. t. To e3^>lain; to in- 
terpret. — Ez-ponnd'er, n. 

Ez-press' (Sks-pr^s^), v. t^, [Bxfsxssed (-prSstO ; 
Expressing.] To press or squeeze out; to ex- 
hibit (opinion or feeling) ; to send by express 
messenger. ^ a. Closely resembling ; directly 
stated ; clear ; plain ; explicit ; sent with speciid 
speed or directness, —n. A messenger sent on 
a special errand ; regular conveyance for pack- 
ages, commissions, etc. — Ez-press'age (-sj)t '^^ 
Charge for carrying a parcel by express. — Ez- 
presst-1>le (-T-bU), a. Capable of being ex- 
pressed. — Ez - pros ' Sion (-prSshtin), n. Act 
of expressing ; pressure ; utterance ; representa- 
tion of meaning, feeling, etc. ; mode of speech ; 
phrase. — Ez-presstve (-Tv), a. Serving to ex- 

{>ress; indipative; significant. — Ez-presstTO- 
y, adv. — Ez-pressaye-ness, n. — Ez-press'- 
ly, adv. In an express, direct, or pointed man- 
ner i in direct terms ; plainly. 

i9akf recent, 6rb, r^de, f |^ Qm, food, fiR>t| out, oil, eliair, go^ aiuB, il|k( tben, tUhl. 
H. B. Diet. VL 




Bx-yogB' (8k»-puii0» V. t. To conquer ; to take 
by_aa8ault. — Ex-pnc'llA-bla (8ka-pfig^n&-b*l or 
-pan'&-b*l), a. Capable of being conquered. 

Bz-pnl'slon (fika-pttl'shtln), n. Act of expelling ; 
state of being expelled. — Ex-pnl'slYe (-slv), a. 
Having power to drive aw^ ; serving to expeL 

Ez-pvnfe' (fiks-pQnf), v. L [Exfdnobd (-plinjdO ; 
ExPDMOiNCi (-pOnjTng).] To blot out ; to wipe 
out ; to destroy ; to ^aoe ; to erase ; to cancel. 
— ^-pnacKtlim (-pilnk'shiin), ». Act of ex- 
punging or erasing. " 

Bx^nr-gata (6ks^pSi^t or -pQr'-), v. U To pu- 
rify from anything ofFensive or erroneous; to 
cleanse ; to purge. — Ex'piir-gatlon (-gS'shlin), 
n. Purification. — Ex'pnr-ni'tor (Sks^pttr-gS'- 
tSr or Sks-pQr'gttSr), n. — fiZ-pnr'ga-to-ry, a. 

Ex'ani-Slta (Sks'kwY-zYt), a, Carefully selected ; 
nice; delicate; refined; perfect.— in. A fop; 
a dandy. — Ex'qni-llto-ly, adv. 

Ez-MTt' (8ks48rf ), Ex-MTTad (-6d), a. Stand- 
ing out ; projectiiig. 

Ex'tant (SksOant), a. Stand- 
ing out above the surface ; 
in being ; now existing. 

Ex - taiii ' pe -xa' ne- 0118 (6ks- 
tSm'pft-rS'n^iis), Ex-tem'- 
po-ra-ry (-t8m'i«-rt-ry), a. 
Performed or«uttered with- 
out previous study; unpre- 
meditated. — Ex-tam'po-ra 
(-rt), adv. Without prep- 
aration; suddenty ; oft-hand. 
mm. a. Extemporaneous. — Ex- 
tem'po-xlze (-riz), v. t. &i. 
[EzTKHPORiZBD (-rizd) ; Ez- 
TBMPORIZIN0.3 To egtaik. or 
do off-hand. — Ex-tton'po- 
ll'MT (-ri/z8r), n. — Ex-wn'^il-za^on (-rY- 
sa'shfin), n. Act of extemporizing. 

Ex-tand' (8k8-t6nd0» v.L&i, To stretch out ; 
to spread; to reach; to diffuse. — Extended 
letter. A type having its face broader than 
usual in proportion to its height. 

ly Tliis is extended type. 

— Ex-ten'sl-ble (-tSn'sT-bn), Ex-ten'sUe (-sH), 
a. Capable of being extended. — E^-ten'8l- 
bU'i-ty (-st-bH'r-ty), n. — Ex-ten'slon (-tSn'- 
shfin), n. Act of extending ; a stretching ; en- 
largement -~ Ex-ten'SlYe (-sIv), a. Exi)anded ; 
large; broad; wide. — Ex-ten'slYe-lT, adv.— 
Ex-ten'slve-ness, n. — Ex-ten'aor (-sor), n. A 
muscle to extend or straighten an arm, finger, 
etc. — Ex-tent' (-t^ntOi n. Space ; size ; length. 

iix-ten'U-ate (8k8-t8n'6-at), v. U To draw out ; 
to miJce thin, lean, or slender; to lessen, ^v. 
i. To become thinner; to be drawn out. — 
Ex-ten'u-a'tor (-a'tSr), n. — Ex-ten'n-ation 
(-a'shtin), n. An extenuating ; palliation (of a 
crime) ; mitigation (of punishment). 

Ex-te'n-or (Sks-tS'rT-Sr), a. External ; outside ; 
foreign. — n. The outward surface or part of a 
thing ; external deportment, form, or ceremony. 

Ex-te^^-nate (Sks-ter^mT-nSt), v, t. To drive 
away ; to eradicate ; to eliminate. — Ex-ter'ml- 
na'tor (-nS'tSr), n. — Ex-terml-na^on (-shttn), 
n. Eradication; extirpation; elimination. 

Ex-ter'nal (Sks-tSr'nal), a. Outward ; exterior ; 
accidental; irrelevant; foreign. ^n. Outward 
part; visible form. — Ex-ter'nal-ly, adv. On 

Flower with Ex> 
■erted StiunenB. 

the exterior; outwardly. — Ex'ter-Bal'l-t7 
(Sks'tSr-nlQ'T-tj^), n. ^iatence in space. 

EX-tinot' (6ks-tTnkf ), a. Extinguished ; put out ; 
quenched; terminated; closed. — Ex-linotlon 
(-tTnk'shQn), n. Destruction ; suppression. 

Ex-tin'glll8]l(fiks-tTn'gwTsh), v. i. [Ezhnodishbd 
(-Cn^Tsht) ; Exunguibhibo.] To smother ; to 
quench ; to put an end to ; to destroy. — Ex-tin'- 

nlBh-a-ble (-A-b'i),a. — Ex-tin'aiilfl]i-er, n. 

One who, or that which, extinguishes ; 
esp., a utensil to put out candles. — Ex- 
tin'glliall-meilt (-ment), n. An extin- 
guishing; extinction; suppression; de- 

Extlr-pate (Sks'tSr-pit or Sks-tSKpit), 
V. t. To piill up by the roots ; to eradi- 
cate ; to destroy ; to expel. — Ex'tlr- Extin- 
pa'tlon (-pyahfci), n. An extiroating ; »""'»«'• 
excision ; total destruction. — Ex ' tu: - pa ' tOI 
(Sks'tSr-pi'tSr or Sks-tSr'pt-tSr), n. 

Ex-toP (Sks-t51'), V. t. [Extolled (-tSld') ; Ez- 
TOLLiNo.] To elevate by praise ; to eulogize } to 
laud ; to glorify. 

Ex-tort' (gks-t8rf ), V. t. & i. To gain by force ; 
to exact. — Ex-tort'er (-er), n. — Ex-tortlon 
(-tdr'shfin), n. Illegal exaction; oppression; 

rapacity.— Ex-tortlon-er, n. — Ex-tortlon-a- 
ry {rt-rf\ Ex-tortion-ate (-&t), a. Oppressive ; 

Ex'tra (Sks'trft), a. Over and above ; uncommon ; 
superior.— n. Something more than is due or us- 
ual ; a thing for which additional charge is made. 

Ex-traotf (Sks-trSktO, v. t. To draw out or forth ; 
to withdraw by distillation, or other chemical 
process ; to take by selection. — Extraot (Sks'- 
trSkt), n. Thing extracted or drawn out from 
another ; a passage from a book or v^iting ; cita- 
tion ; quotation ; decoction ; solution. — Ex- 
tract'or (-tr«kf8r), n. — Ex-traot'a-We (-A-b'l), 
Ex-tractl-ble (-T-bM), a. — Ex-traotlon (-trSk'- 
shfin), n. An extracting ; stock from which 
one has descended ; lineage ; birth ; descent ; 
thine extracted ; extract ; essence. — Ex-traot'- 
Iyo (-trSkflv), a. Capable of being extracted ; 
serving to extract. 

Extra-dlte (eks'tri-dlt), v. t. To deliver up (a 
fugitive from justice) to another country. — BXf" 
tra-di'tion (-dTsh'tln), n. Delivery of crimi- 
nals by one nation or state to another, in pursu- 
ance of treaty. 

Ex'tra-]n-di'Gial (6ks'tr&-ju-dTsh'al), a. Out of 
the ordinary course of law ; not legally required. 

Ex'tra-nmn'dane (fiks^tri-mfiu'dSn), a. Beyond 
the limit of the material world. 

Ex-tra'ne-ons (Sks-tra'ne-&s), a. Not mtrinsio 
or essential ; foreign. — Ex-tra'ne-ons-ly, adv. 

Ex-traor'dl-na-ry (^s-trdr'- or Sks^tr&'dr'dt-na- 
ff)y a. Beyond or out of the common order or 
method ; exceeding the common degree ; re- 
markable ; uncommon ; sent for a special object. 

— Ex-traoi'di-na-rl-lY (-rl-iy), adv. 

Ex-traVa-gant (eks-trfty'&-gant), a. Wandering 
beyond bounds; excessive; unrestrained; pro- 
fuse in expenses ; prodigal. — Ex-traY'a-gant-ly, 
adv.— Ex-tray'a-gance (-gans), Ex-trayTa-gan- 
Oy (-gan-sj^), n. Wildness; excess; prodigali- 
ty ; waste ; violence. — Ex - trav ' a - gan ' za 
(-gan'z&), n. A musical or dramatic composi- 
tion made effective by its wild irregularity ; an 
extravagant flieht of sentiment or language. 

Ex-traY'a-sate (Sks-trSv'&-sat), v. t. To let 

fit Si 1,0, 11, long J ft, £,1,5, II, y, short; senftte, dvent,tdfla,6bey, Unite, cftre, firm, ask, i^flao^ 




n>lood) out of the proper channels. — Ex-trW- 
a-sa'tion (^UsS'sban), n. The forcing or letting 
(fluid, blood, etc.) out of its channels ; effusion. 

fix-tremo' (Sks-trSmO, a. At the utmost point, 
edge, or border; outermost; utmost; final; 
greatest; highest.— ». Utmost point or verge 
of a thinff ; extremity ; great necessity ; — often 
in pL — Ex-treme'ly, adv. — Ex-trem'lBt, n. A 
supporter of extreme doctrines or practice ; one 
who holds extreme opioions. — Ex-trou'l-ty 
(-tr6m1-tjh, n. Utmost point ; highest degree ; 
verge ; end ; termination. 

Bz^-cata (6ks^;rT-kat), v, U To free from dif- 
ficulties or perplexities; to disentangle; to dis- 
engage : to relieve ; to set free. — Bztri-ca-Uo 
(.IdUbl), a. — Ex^tzl-ca'tion (-ka'shiin), n. An 
extricating; disentanglement. 

Bz-tiln'8io (eks-trlu'slk), Ex-tiln'flio-al (-sT- 
kol), a. External ; outwaiu ; unessential. — Ez- 
txln'flio-al-ly, adv. 

Ex-trude' (6ks-trnd'), v. t. To thrust out ; to ex- 
pel. — Ex-tm'sion (-tru'shfin), n. Expulsion. 

Ez-nlwr-ailt ( 6ks-u^Sr-ant or Sgz-), a. Over- 
fiowing; overabundant; superfluous. — Ex-n'- 
ber-ant-ly, adv. — Ex-n'toer-anoe (-ans), Ex-n'- 
ber-an-oy (-onHe^), ». Superfluous abundance ; 

Ex-nda' (Sks-ud' or Sgz-), v. I. To discharge 
through pores or incisions. — v. i. To flow 
through the pores ; to issue forth. — Ex'U-da'- 
tion (-d-da'shun), n. An exuding ; discharge of 
humors or moisture ; substance exuded. 

Ex-nit' (Saz-lilf), V. i. To leap for joy ; to rejoice. 
— Ex-nu'ant (-ant), a. Inclined to exult ; tri- 
umphant. — Ex-Ult'ing-ly (-Tng-lj^), adv. — Ex'- 
Vl-tatlon (-fil-ta'shiiny, n. An exulting ; raptu- 
rous delight. I 

llEx-uM-A (^(s-uM-S or 8ks-), n. pL Cast akina 
shells, or coverings of animals ; fossil shells ana 
other animal remains left in the strata of the 

Eye (i), n. The organ of sight ; power of seeing ; 
vision ; judgment ; opinion ; watch ; notice ; hme 
in the end of a needle ; eatch for a hook ; bud 
or sprout of a plant ; x>art of a loop or stay. — 
v. t. To fix the eye on ; to observe or watch 
with attention. — Bye'leaa (i'lSs)* a. Without 
eyes ; blind. — Eyeoet (-ISt), n. A small hole or 
perforation for lacing, etc. — EyaHMdl^ (-bftlOf 
n. The ball or globe of the eye. — Eye'lirow' 
(-brouOt »• The brow or hairy arch above the 
eje.—BJ9^tflBaW (-gU^)in. A glass to assist the 
sight ; eyepiece of a telescope, etc. — Eya'laah' 
(-IXsh^), n. A hair on the eidge of the eyelid. — 
Eya'lid' (-ITdOt n. The cover of thee^e.— 
EyoltfAOlK (-pSs^)i n. A lens, or combination of 
lenses, at the eye end of a telescope, etc. — 
Eye'aarv^ant (-sSrv^ont), n. A servant who 
works only when watched. — Eya'Mnr^loa (-Ts), 
n. Service performed only tmder the eye of an 
employer. — Eya'aicbf (-sit'), n. ^^t of the 
eye ; view ; capacity of se^i^. — Bya ' 8010' 
(-sor^), n. Something offensive to the sight — 
Eyo'stOBO' (-st5n'), n. A small, calcareous 
stone, used for taking substances from between 
the lid and ball of the eye. — EyoOoottl' (-tSothO, 
n. The pointed tooth in the upper jaw next to 
the grinders. — Eyo^ira'ter ( - wS' tSr ), n. A 
lotion for the eyes. — Eyo^iTit'nOBa (-wlt^nSs), 
n. One who sees a thing done. 

EyTe(&r),n. A journey or circuit ; a court of itin- 
erant iustices. 

Eyrio (Vtf or e'ry), Ey'Jy, «. The nest of a 
bird of prey ; an aerie. 


Fa (fX). A syllable applied to the fourth tone of 
the gamut for solmizatiou. 

FanblO (fa'b'l), n. A fictitious story enforcing 
some truth or precept ; the plot of a poem ; fic- 
tion ; falsehood. — v. i. & t. [Fablbd (-b^d) ; 
Fabumo (-blTng).] To feign ; to speak fiction ; 
to invent ; to speak falsely. — Fa'blor (-bier), 
FaVn-llat (fSbni-lTst), n. One who invents or 
writes fictions. — FaVu-lizo (-liz), v. t. To in- 
vent or relate fables. — FaVn-lona (-l&s), a. 
Feigned ; not real ; fictitious. — FaVn-loas-ly, 

Fah^O (fU/rTk), n. Structure of anything; 
workmanship ; construction ; texture ; cloth. — 
FaVri-oatO (-rl-klt), v. t. To frame ; to con> 
struct; to manufacture; to forge; to devise 
falsely.— FabTl-oa'tor (-tSr), n. — Fab'rl-oa'- 
tlon (-ka'shfin), n. A fabricating ; fiction ; man- 
ufacture; invention; falsehood. 

Fab'n-llBt, etc. See under Fablb, n. 

JlFa-^de' (f&-s&d' or f&-sadO, n. Front ; face or 
elevation of an edifice. 

Face (fas), n. Exterior form ; front •paxt or sub- 
f ace ; surface show ; look ; part of the head con- 
taining the eyes, nose, mouth, etc ; visage ; 
countenance; look; air; shamelessness; effront- 
ery. — ». t. [Faced (fast) ; Facing (fa'sing).] 
To meet in front ; to oppose ; to stand opposite 

to ; to front upon ; to confront ; to smooth the 
surface of. —v. i. To turn the face. — Fft'oing 
(fa'sing), n. A covering in f rcmt; a lining ; a 
Fao'et (f£^t), n. A lit. 
tie face; small surf ace. 

Fa-oottons (fft-sS'shfis), 

a. Merry ; jocular. — 

Fa-cotloiu-ly, adv. — 

Fa-cetioiu-iiesa, n. 
Fa'olal(fa'shal),a. Per- 

taininff to the face. — 

Faolal angle. The an- 
gle in a skull formed by 

two straight lines, one 

drawn from the ear to 

the base of the nose, 

the other from the 

center of the forehead , 

to the upper jawbone. 
Facile (fSs^l), a. Easy 

to be done or moved ; 

affable; pliant; fiexi- 

ble. — Fa-oU'i-tato 

(f&^ni-tat), v. t. To 

make easy or less diffi- .^ 

cult.— Fa-Oill-tatlon ^ °^"*^ <>* Monkey. 

(•ta'sh&n), n. A making easy. — Fa-Cll1-t9 

Facial Angrles. 

1 2 Types of Human Skulk. 

fSm, recent, Orb, r^de, f ^, 1|rn, food, ftfbt, oat, oil, cliair, go, sins, i||k, then, tbbi 




(fi^n^-tf ), n. Base ; ezpeitneas ; dexterity ; 

affability; meana of easily acoompliahing. 
Ft'Otnc (fl^>YiBg)» *^ 8m under Facb, n. 
Fao-flm'l-l0 (fak-alml-l^), n. An exact likeness. 

—V. L To copy predaely. 
FBOt (ISkt), n. All act; event; troth} statement; 

incident; circumstance. 
FMtiQill (Ok'shfin). n, A party ; cabal ; clique. 

— Fw/noOrllt (-ist), n. One who promotes 
faction. ~ FaOtl0IUI (-shQs), a. Given to, per- 
taining to, or proceeding from, faction. — Fao'- 
ttons-iy, adv. — FaoHoiui-iwu, n. 

ftO-ti'ttolUI (fXk-tlsh/Qs), a. Made by art ; arti- 
ficial; unnatmraL 

FtOtor (fXktSr), n. An agent ; one of the num- 
bers or quantities which, multiplied together, 
form a product. — Fao'tor-Ase (-aj), n. Com- 
mission allowed to a factor. —Taoto-ry i.'tt-rf)t 
n. A place where factors transact business for 
tiieir employers ; a building for the manufacture 
of goods; manufactory. 

FM-to^tmn (fSk-tS'tfim), n. One employed to do 
all kinds of work. 

TBH/Vl-ty (fSk'U-tj^), n. Ability to act or per- 
form ; mental power or capacity ; endowment ; 
knack ; license ; members of a profession ; offi- 
cers charged with the management of a college. 

Fid (fSd), n. A hobby ; a freak ; a whim. 

Fade (fSd), V. i. To perish gradually ; to wither ; 
to decay ; to grow dim ; to vanish. — Fadoless 
(-16s), a. XJuading; permanent. 

Fadge (fiQ), V, i. To join dosely ; to fit. 

FM'oal, a. See VmoAit. 

Fl'Vr-T (fi^r-y), a.&n. Same as FAmT. 

r$M (Off), V. i. &L [Faoobd (fSgd) ; Fagoino 
(Sg^ging)*] To tire ; to work at menial drudg- 
ery.— >n. A drudge. — Fag'-end' (-6nd0, n. 
The untwisted end of a rope, etc. ; refuse part 
of anything. 

Fig'ot (Oglit), n. A bundle of sticks for fuel, or 
iron or steel in bars. — V. ^. To bind in a bun- 

Faklmi-lialt (fS'ren-hit), a, Pertainhig to the 
scale of the thermometer having xero at 32 de- 
grees below the f reezfaig point, and 212 degrees 
below the boiling point, of water. — n. The 
thermometer or scale thus graduated. 

Fa^-ence' (fft^-iiNs'), n. OUsed earthenware, 
esp. that decorated in color. 

Fail (fal), V. i. [Faiubd (fald) ; Failino.] To 
be wantinff or lacking ; to come short ; to de- 
cline ; to decay ; to perish ; to die ; to ooiss ; to 
be baiSQed or frustrated ; to become bankrupt or 
insolvent. -* v. t. To be wanting to ; to be in- 
sufficient ; to disappoint. — n. Failure ; lack ; 
want. — Fall'ing (-Tng), n. Act of one who 
fails ; deficiency ; imperfection ; fault ; foible. 

— Fall'nre (-Ar), n. Defect ; omission ; decay ; 
banlnruptcy; suspension of pajnnent. 

Fain (fan), a. Well-pleased ; glad ; constrained. 
^ adv. With pleasure ; gladly. 

Faint (fant), a, Lacldng strength, courage, 
spirit, or energy ; weak ; timorous ; cowardly ; 
lacking distinctoess ; hsirdly perceptible ; done 
in a feeble manner. — v. i. To lose strength 
and self-control ; to swoon ; to lose courage or 
spirit ; to decay ; to vanish. — n. Act of faint- 
ing ; swoon. — Faintly, adv. — Faint'noas, n. 

— Faint^iSb, a. Somewhat faint. 

Fail (ffir), a. Free from spots, imperfection, 
etc. ; pure ; beautifid ; of a light i^ade ; not 

overcast; favorable; open; frank; honest; 
impartial; distinct; not unusual; moderate; 
middling. — adv. Clearly ; frankly ; agreeably. 
— n. A woman. — Falx^y, adv. — Faix^ntaa, n. 

Fair (f ftr), n. A gathering of buyers and sellers ; 
a stated market ; an exhibition of wares. — 
Fail'ing, n. A jnresent purchased at a fair. 

Fair^ (f&^), »• An imaginary spirit, in a hu- 
man form, directing afEairs of man. —a. Fttr- 
taining to, or given by, fairies. 

Faitll (fath), n. Belief ; religious belief ; creed ; 
fidelity; honor; promise given. — Faitllflll 
(-ful), a. Trusty; honest; upright; sincere. 

- Faltli'fnl-ly, adv.-Faltli'M-nasa. n.— 
Falt]L'leBa,a. Not believing or crediting; 
treacherous ; disloyal ; false. 

Fal'cata (fSinLJlt), Fal'oa-ted(-kt-t8d),a. Hooked 

or bent like a sickle or scythe. 
Fal'olilon (fftl'chiin), ». A short, broad sword, 

with curved point. 
Fal'oon (fft^*n), n. A kind of hawk, sometimes 

trained to pursue game. — 

Fal'oon-er (-Sr), n. One 

who trains hawks, or hunto 

with them. — Fftl'oon-ry 
(-rj^), n. The training of 
hawks; the taking game 
by means of hawks. 

Pall (frfl), V. i. [imp. Fell 
(fSl) ip. p. Fallkn (fftl'- 
'n); FALLora.] To drop; 
to decline ; to oecome ae- 
CTaded; to happen.— v. <. 
Tosin^, tofell.— n. Act 
of falling ; descent ; down- 
fall; nun; depreciation; 
cadence; i^ope; cascade; 
autumn. — lUl'an (f ftl^'n), a. Dropped ; pros- 
trate; ruined; dead. 

Falla-oy(fSllA-sj^), n. A deceptive appearance; 
deceit ; mistake ; sophistry. — Fal - la ' OiOIIB 
(-IS'shQs), a. Embodying or pertaining to a 
fallacy ; fitted to deceive ; deceptive. — Fal-la'- 
oioos-ly, adv. 

FaiOl-ble (fSllT-b'l), a. Liable to fail or mistake, 
deceive or be deceived. — Falli-bly, adv. — 
Fal'll-bill-ty (-bT11-tj^), n. State of being 

Fall'lng slok'neSB (f ftl'Tog sTk'nfis). Epilepsy; 
a disease in which the patient suddenly falls 

Fallow (fSlIt), a. Pale red or pale yellow ; left 
untilled or unsowed after plowing readv for 
culture. — n. Land plowed vrithout being 
sowed ; tilling of land, without sowing it for a 
season.— v. ^ [Fallowbd (-13d) ; Fallowiks.] 
To plow, and break up (land) without seeding. 

Fallow deer' {fSXIt der^). A species of deer, 
most common in England, where it ia domesti- 
cated in parks. 

False (fftls), a. Not true; uttering falsehood; 
dishonest ; unfaithful ; treacherous ; not genu- 
ine or real; coimtorfeit; hypocritical; errone- 
ous; not in tune. — adv. Not truly; falsely. 

— Falae'ly. adv. — False 'nesa, n.— Falser- 
hood (-hd6d), n. Want of truth; untrue as- 
sertion ; lie ; deceitfulness ; perfidy ; imposture. 
— Fal'sl-ly (fftl'sl-fi), V. U To counterfeit ; to 
forge ; to confute ; to show to be false. — v. i. 
To lie ; to prevaricate. — Fal'Sl-li'er (-fi'Sr), n.— 
Fal^si-fi-cation (-fT-ka'shfin), n. Falsehood; 

Bead and Foot 
of Falcon. 

ft, S, 1, 5, a, long ; ft, 6, 1, A, a, j^, abort ; aenftte, ^vent. Idea, Obey, Unite, cftre, ftrm, ftsk, nil, fljudf 




confntatton. — Fal'sl-ty (-sT-tj^), n. Quality of 
being falae; deceit; lie. 

Fal-set^ (fftl-aSt^t« ; //. fiil-tAt/tt), n. A peculiar 
voice in a man, lying above his natural voice ; 
male counter tenor or alto voice ; head voice. 

Faltor (fftlter), V. i. [Faltbbbo (-tSrd) ; Fai,- 
TiaiKG.j To fail; to stumble; to waver; to 
hesitate ; to totter. 

Fa]llO,(^™)i **• Public report or rumor ; notori- 
ety; celebrity; credit; honor.— v./. [Famxo 
(famd) ; Faxino.] To report ; to make famous. 

Fa-mil'lar (f&-mTl'ySr^, a. Pertaining to a fam- 
ily; domestic; intimate; well versed in (a 
subject of study) ; unceremonious ; free ; well 
known ; well understood. — n. An intimate ; a 
close companion; a demon or evil spirit sup- 
posed to attend at a call. — Fa-mil'lar-lY, adv. 

— Fa-mU-iaz'i-ty (-yfcnr-ty or -i-Srt-ty), n. 

Unconstrained intercourse ; freedom from cere- 
mony ; affability ; intimacy. — Fa-mil'iar-lZO 
(-yer-iz), v. L To make familiar or intimate ; to 
habituate ; to accustom ; to make easy by prac- 
tice or study. 

Faml-ly (fSm1-lj^), n. A collective body of per- 
sons who live in one house ; household ; race ; 
kindred; lineage. 

Famine (f SmTn), n. Scarcity of food ; dearth ; 

Fam^sll (fSmTsh), V. /. [Faioshbd (fSmTsht) ; 
Famishino.] To starve or destroy with hunger, 
or by deprivation of anything necessary ; to con- 
strain by famine, ^v. i. To die of hunger ; 
to starve. — Fam'lsll-meiLt (-m«nt), a. Pain of 
extreme hunger or thirst. 

Fa'&IOILI (fa'mfis), n. Celebrated in fame or 
public report ; noted ; renowned ; excellent. — 
ra'moiuhly, adv. 

Fan (f Sn), n. An instrument for producing cur- 
rents of air to cool the face, winnow grain, blow 
a fire, etc. — v. t. [Fanned (fSnd) ; Fannino 
(-uTng).] To blow with a fan ; to cool ; to win- 

Fa-nario (f&-nStak), a. Wild; enthusiastic, 
esp. on religious subjects. •»?}. An enthusiast ; 
a bigot. — Fa-nat1o-al (-T-kal), a. Fanatic. — 
Fa-nat^o-al-ly, a<2v. — Fa-nat'lo-al-ness, Fa- 
nat'l-olam (-T-sTz'm), n. Excessive enthusiasm ; 
extravagant notions of religion ; superstition. 

Fan'oy (fin'sj^), n. imagination ; notion ; taste ; 
humor ; whim ; liking, —v. t. [Fancibd (-^Td) ; 
Fancying (-sT-Tng).] To figure to one^s self ; to 
imagine. — v, /. To imagine ; to have a fancy or 
liking for. — a. Adapted to please the fancy 
or taste. — Fan'ol-er (-BT-er), n. One governed 
by fancy ; one who has a special liking for, or 
Interest in; a dealer.— Fan'ci-fnl (-sl-fyl), a. 
Full of, or guided by, fancy ; whimsical ; vision- 
ary. — Fan'ci-fnl-ly, adv.— Fan'ol-lnl-naaa, n. 

Fan-dan'go (fSn-dSn'- 
gi), n. A Spanish 

Fans (fan), n. A tem- 
ple; church. 

Fan-far'on-ade' (fSn- 
fSr'5n-adO, n. Vain 
boasting ; ostentation ; 

Fang (f Sng), n. A tusk 
of an animal ; a long 
pointed tooth ; a claw ; 
a talon. 

Fangs of Rattlesnake. 
/ Fanrs t a Poison 8ac ; 
d Its Duct : mm* Muscles. 

F^ntam (fin'tlz^m), n. See Phaxtash. 

r«ii-ua'tio (fftn-tS9'tTk),Fan-tastio4a(-tT.kal\, 
a. Fauciful; visionary; chimerical; whimsical. 
— Fan-ta8tl»-al-ly, adv. — Fan-taa'ti-oall-ty 
(-tT-kU't-tj^), Fan-tas'tto-al-ntas, n. 

Fan^-sy (fSn't4-sj^), ». Fancy ; vagary ; whim ; 
caprice ; fantastic design. 

Fan^Unn (fSn^fim), n. See Phantok. 

Far (fSr), a. [Fabthsr (fkr'thSr) and Fabthsst 
(-tiiSst), used B&compar. and superL at far ^ an 
corruptions, by confusion with further uad fur- 
thest.^ Distant; remote; mutually separated 
by a wide space, -otft;. To or at a groat dis- 
tance : venr much. 

Faz'ad (fSr'ad), n. The standard unit of electrica] 
capacity ; amount of electricity which, with av 
electro-motive force of one volt, will traverse 
one ohm in <me second. — Far-adflo (-SdTk), a 
Pertaining to the electrician Michael Faraday, 
or to faradism. — Faz^a-diim (fXr'&-dTz'mX 
Fara-dl-sation (-dT-sS'shiin), ». Medicuut 
treatment with faradio or induced oorrents oi 

Faxce (fars), n. Stuffing, like that used in dress, 
ing a fowl ; forcemeat ; low comedy ; absurdity : 
pretense ; empty show.— Far'ol-IUu (f&r'sT-kal), 
a. Belonging to a farce ; ludicroua ; unreaL — 
Far'oi-oal-ly, adv. 

Fare (fib-), v. i. [Farbd (fftrd) ; Fasiko.] To 
go ; to pass ; to travel ; to be iu any state, good 
or bad ; to be entertained ; to happen well or ill 
(with (me). — n. Price of passage : food. 

Fare'well' (ffir'wSlO, interj. Go well ; good-by; 
adieu. — n. A good-by ; leave-taking ; last look. 

— a. Parting; valedictory; final. 
Fa-rlloa (f&-ri'n& or -tefnk), n. Flour or meal 

made from grain, starch of vegetables, eto. — 
Far^l-na'ceoilS (f&KT-nS'shQs), a. Consisting, 
or made of, or yielding, farina or flour ; mealy; 
pertaining to meal. 

Farm (fSrm), n. Land used for cultivation; 
landed estate ; lease, ^v. t. [Fabmed (farmd) ; 
FARmNO.] To lease or let for a price ; to culti- 
vate (land). — v. t. To till the soil ; to labor as 
an agriculturist. — Farm'er (^r), n. One who 
farms (land) ; an agriculturist ; a husbandman ; 
one who collects rents, taxes, eto., retaining a 
percentage of the receipts. — Farming (-Yng), 
n. Business of cultivating land. 

Far'O {ttrfti or fa'ri), n. A gan-bling game at 
cards, in which the players oppose the dealer or 
the bank. 

IIFar-ra'go (fSr-ra'g^), n. A confused mixturo ; 

Far'rl-er (fSi/rT-Sr), n. A shoer of horses ; veter- 
inary surgeon. — FarM-er-y i-f), n. Bosineas 
or shop of a farrier. 

Far'row (f Sr'r^), n. A litter of pigs. — v. <. & i. 
To bring forth (pigs). 

Far'row (fSr'r^), a. Not producing young in a 
given season or year ; — said only of oows. 

Fur'tlior (fSr'tfaSr), a., eompar. of Fab. See 
Far. More remote ; additional ; longer, —adv. 
More remotely ; beyond ; moreover. 

Farthest (fSr'th&t), a., superL of Fab. See 
Far. Most distant or remote ; furthest. — 
adv. At or to the g^reatest distance. 

FarthLlg (fttr'thTng), n. The fourth of a penny, 

— equal to half a cent. 

FartUn-gale (fSr'thTii-gSl), n. A hoop petti- 

fSm, recent, drb, r^de, f yll, Am, ftfbd, tiFot, out, oil, diair, go, ains, l||k, than, UibOL 





iFu^OM (fia^sSz), n. pL An uc tied up with a 
handle <rf rods, borne before Roman mag- 
iatratoB as a badge of authority. — Fas'- 
Cd-ata (fishT-Jlt), a. Banded together ; 
rendered flat, as some sterna of plants, 
through monstrous growth. — Fas'ol- 
a'ted (-S'tSd), a. Bound with a sash or 
bandage ; flattened in form by growth. — 
Fas'ol-Cle (-sl-k*!), n. A close cluster, 
with the flowers much crowded together. 

— Faa-Olo'll-lar (-sTk'tt-lSr), a. Growing 
in bunches or tufts. 

Fu/ol-nata (fSs'sT-nSt), v. t. To bewitch ; Faibces. 
to charm ; to captivate.— Faa'ol-liation 
(-na'shfin), n. A fascinating or enchanting ; 
a charm ; a spelL 

FaahloiL (fSshAin), n. The make or form of any- 
thing ; pattern ; model ; workmanship ; mode or 
style, esp. of dx«8S ; manner ; sort ; way. — v. t. 
[Fashionkd (-Snd) ; FAsmoimio.] To form ; to 
give shape or figure to ; to fit ; to adapt ; to ac- 
commodate. — Fashlon-er, n.— Fash'lon-a-blo 
(-&-bU), a. Conforming to, or established by, cus- 
tom or use ; current ; observant of the fashion ; 
genteel ; well bred. — Faslllon-a-bly, adv, 

FUt (f^M;), a. Firmly fixed ; closely adhering ; 
steadfast ; faithful ; rai^d ; swift ; extravagant ; 
dissipated.— adv. Firmly; quickly; rapidly. 

— Faif^SS, n. Fixedness; security; a fast 
place ; stronghold ; fortress. 

Fast (f &8t), V. t. To abstain from food ; to go hun- 
gry ; to practice abstinence as a reUgious duty. 

— n. Abstinence from food ; time of fasting. — 
Fast day. A day on which fasting is observed. 

Faat'on (f&s^'n), v. t, [Vastkskd (-*nd} ; Fas- 
TBNiiTO (-'u-Tng).1 To fix firmly ; to make fast ; 
to secure; to hold together; to stick ; to link ; to 
attach ; to annex. •» v. i. To fix one's self ; to 
clinch. — Fast'an-er, n. — Fast'tn-tnc, n. Anv- 
• thing that secures or makes fast, as a lock, 
catch, bolt, bar, etc. 

Fas-ttd'l-OlU (fSs-tTdT-ils), a. Difficult to please ; 
delicate to a fault ; squeamish. — Fas-tld'l-OllS- 
ly, adv. — Fas-ttdl-ons-iLeas, n. 

Fasf nasa, n. See under Fast, a. 

Fat (fSt), a. Abounding with fat; plump; oor- 

Sulent ; oily ; greasy ; rich ; coarse ; gross ; 
ull; yielding a rich supply; productive.— n. 
An oily substance, deposited in animal bodies ; 
richest productions ; best part. ^v. t. & i. To 
make fat ; to fatten. — Fatly, adv. — Fat^eSB, 
». — Fatllng (-ling), n. A fat animaL — Fatty 
(-tj^), c Containing or like fat ; greasy. — Fat'- 
ton (-t'n), V, t, & i, [FATTBinu) (-t'nd) ; Fat- 
TKinifa (-t'n-Tng).l To make or become fat. 

Fa'tal, etc. See under Fatb. 

Fate (fat), n. A decree; inevitable necessity; 
lot ; doom ; destiny ; death ; destruction ; pi. 
three goddesses, supposed by the ancients to 
determine the course of human life. — Fafod 
(fSt'Sd), a. Decreed by fate; doomed; des- 
tined. — Fateful (-ful), a. Bearing fatal pow- 
er; ominous. — Fatal (fa'tal), a. Proceeding 
from, or appointed by, fate ; causing death or 
destruction ; deadly ; mortal ; calamitous. — 
Fatal-ly, orfr.— Fatal-lam (-Iz'm), n. The 
doctrine of fate, or inevitable necessity. — Fa'- 
tal-iat, n. One who maintains that lUI things 
happen by inevitable necessity. — Fa-tal'i-ty 
(f ft-tSll-ty), n. Invincible necessity ; tendency 
to destruction or danger ; a fatal event. 

Father (fil'tfaSr), n. A male parent ; a male 
ancestor ; one venerated forage, wisdom, etc. ; a 
church dignitary ; the Supreme Being ; first per- 
son in the Trinity. ^ v. t, [Fathsbsd (-tfaSrd) ; 
Fathkbiho.] To beget ; to take as one's own 
child ; to adopt ; to acknowledge one's self 
author of. — Fatkor-ly, a. Like or pertaining 
to a father; tender; protecting. — Fa'tlier-11- 
neas (-iT-nSs), n.— FatlLer-hood (-hd6d), n. 
State of being a father ; paternity. — Fatlier* 
In-law (-Tn-lfO, n. The father of one*s husband 
or wife. — Father-land' (-ISndOi n. The na- 
tive land of one's ancestors. — Fatliar-loaa, a. 
Destitute of a living father. 

Fatb'om (fStii'ttm), n. A measure or length, con- 
taining six feet. — V. t. [Fathomed (-limd); 
Fathomxho.] To sound the depth of ; to get to 
the bottom of. — X^tb'om-less, a. Bottomless. 

Fa-tigne' (f ft-teg'), n. Weariness ; labor ; toil. — 
V. t. [Fatiouxd (-tSgd') ; Fatiouino (-tSg^ng).] 
To weary ; to exhaust ; to jade ; to tire. 

Fatting, Fatten, Fatty, etc. See under Fat, a. 

Fat'n-ona (fSt'fi-Qs), a. Feeble in mind ; weak ; 
silly ; without reality ; illusory. — Fa-tnt-ty 
(f A-tuT-t]^), n. Weakness or imbecility. 

Fan'oet (fft'sSt), n. A fixture for drawing liquor 
from a cask, pipe, etc. ; a cock ; a tap. 

Fault (fftU), n. Want; lack; blemish; defect; 
weakness ; failing ; vice. — Fault'y (-f), a. De- 
fective ; blameworthy. — Faultt-ly (-I-lV)* odv. 
— Faultt-neaa, n. — Faultteas, a. Without 
fault; spotless; stainless; perfect. — Fault'- 

lesa-ly, ocfv. — Faultlesa-ness, n. 

Fann(fftn) n. A god of fields and shepherds, 
half goat and half man. — Fautia (fft'n&), n. 
The animals of a given area or epoch. 

l!Fauz' pas' (fo' p&O- False step ; slip ; blunder. 

FaMror (fa'ver), n. Kind regard ; propitious as- 
pect ; support ; act of good will ; gift ; present ; 
letter, ^r. t. [Favobbd (-vSrd); Favorino.] 
To regard with Undness ; to befriend ; to f aciU- 
tate. — Fa'vor-a-ble (-&-b'l), a. Manifesting 
partiality; kind; friendly; advantageous.— Fa'- 
▼or-a-ble-ness, n. — Fa'ror-a-bly, adv.—Ta.'- 
▼or-ite (-Tt), n. Person or thing regarded with 
peculiar favor ; one treated with imrtiality. — 
a. Regarded with particular kindness or pref- 
erence. — Fa'TOr-it-lam (-Tz'm), ». Disposition 
to further the interest of a favorite ; partiality. 

Fawn (f An), n. A young fallow deer.— a. Of 
the color of a deer. 

Fawn (fftn), V. 1". [Fawukd (f^nd) ; FAWimro.] 
To court favor by cringing ; to flatter meanly. 

— Fawn'ar,n. 

Fay (fa), n. A fairy ; an elf. 

Fe'al-ty (fe'al-ty), n. Fidelity to one'.- lord, to a 
superior power, or to government ; loyalty. 

Fear (fSr), n. A painful emotion excited by ex- 
pectation of evil or danger ; alarm ; dread ; ter- 
ror, —v. L&i. [Fkarbd (fSrd) ; Fbariko.] To 
apprehend ; to dread ; to reverence ; to venerate. 
— Feartul (-fyl), a. Apprehensive ; timid ; 
horrible ; distressing ; shocking ; frightful ; ter- 
rible. —Feartul-ly, adv. —FMl^nl'llOUt n. 
— Fearless (-ISs), a. Free from fear or ap- 
prehension ; bold ; daring ; intrepid ; brave ; 
dauntless ; heroic. — Fear ' less - ly, adv. — 

Feartess-ness, n.— Fear'nauaht (fgr'n^to, 
n. A fearless person ; thick and warm woolen 
cloth ; dreadnaught. 
Foa'si-Uo (fe'zT-b'l), a. Capable of being done 

ft, 8, 1, 5, a, loDg ; ft, fi, 1, 5, tt, t, short ; lenAte, «vent, tdea, Obey, ttnite, cAre, ttrm, Ask, ||11, flnoli 




or effected ; practicable. — Foa ' 8i - Ue - nAWI, 
Poa'al-Ml'i-ty (-bll'T-tj^), n. PractioabUity. 

FMUt (fest), ffk A holiday ; anniversary ; rich re- 
past ; banquet, —v. ^ To eat sumptuously ; to 
be highly gratified or delighted. — v. L To enter- 
tain ; to delight ; to gratify luxuriously. 

Feat (fSt), n. An act ; deed } exploit ; act of 
strength, skilly or cunning ; trick. 

Feath'er (fStfa'Sr), n. A plume; one of the 
growths constituting the coyering of a bird ; a 
pen. —V. /• [Fbathebed (-Srd) ; FBATmmiHa.] 
To dress in feathers ; to furnish with a feather ; 
to adorn ; to deck ; to turn (an oar) horizon- 
tally, so that the blade will not catch the air. 

— v. i. To become feathered or horizontal. 

— Feath'ered (-Srd), a. Clothed, coyered, or 
fitted with feathers. — Feath'er-7 C-Sr-j^), a. 
Pertaining to, like, or covered with, feathers. 

Foatay (fetiy), adv. Neatly ; adroitly. 

Fea'turo (fe'tar), n. The make, form, or appear- 
ance of a person, esp. of the face ; a lineament ; 
structure of anything ; marked ^culiarity. — 
Foatnre-less, a. Having no distmct features. 

Feni>ril0 (fe'brTl or fSb'rtl), a. Pertaining to. in- 
dicating, or derived from, fever.— Fo-limlo 
(f^-brTfTk)^ a. Producing fever. — FoVri-fnCO 
(fSb'rT-fiij), n. A medicine to remove fever. — 
a. Subduiiur fever ; antifebrile. 

FeVn-a-ry (feb^-&-zj^), n. The second month 
in the year. 

Fe'cal (fe'kal), a. Pertaining to, or containing, 
dregs or feces. — Fo'COS (fS'sSz), n. pi. Dregs ; 
sediment; excrement. 

FM'U-la (f8k'<i-l&), n. Nutritious part of grain, 
obtained by breaking down the texture ; green 
matter of plants. — Foc'n-loiice (-lens), Feo'n- 
lan-oy (-len-sj^), n. State of being feculent ; 
muddiness; foulness; sediment; lees; dregs. 

— FM'n-lont (-lent), a. Foul with extraneous 
or impure substances ; muddy ; thick ; turbid. 

FoCnnd (fSk'ilnd), a. Fruitful in children ; pro- 
lific. — Foo'nn-date (-ttn-dat), v. t. To make 
fruitful ; to impregnate. — Feo ' un - da ' tion 
(-da'shtin), n. A fecundating; impregnation. 

— Fe-G11]l'di-t7(f^-kC[n'dT-tj^), n. The quality 
of producing young; f ruitf ulness ; power of 
germinating ; fertility ; richness of invention. 

Fad (f6d), imp. & p. p. of Febd. 

Fed'er-ai (ffia'Sr-al), a. Pertaining to a contract 
or treaty ; esp., composed of states which retain 
only a umited sovereignty. — Fed'tf-al, Fod'- 
sr-al-ist, ». An advocate of confederation. — 
Fed'er-ata (f6d'Sr-it), a. United by com- 
pact ; leagued ; confederate. — Fod'ei- action 
(-a'shtin), n. A uniting in a league ; confeder- 
ation; confederacy. — Fed'er-a-ttvo (f8d^r-&- 
tTv), a. Uniting ; joining in a league. 

Feo (fS), n. Reward ; recompense ; perquisite ; 
pay for professional services ; estate of inher- 
itance; fief.— v. <. [FsBD(fed); Fbbino.] To 
reward ; to hire ; to bribe. — Fee simple. Ab- 
solute fee ; unconditional tenure. 

FeeHDle (fe'bU), a. Deficient in strength, vigor, 
or efficiency ; infirm ; languid ; imbecile ; faint. 
— Fee^le-ness, n. — Feetly (-biy), adv. 

Feed (fed), v. t. [Fed (fSd) ; Fekdino.] To give 
food to ; to supply ; to furnish for consumption ; 
to supply with materials. — v. i. To take food ; 
to eat ; to prey ; to graze. — n. Food ; parte 
of a machine that move work to the cutting- 
tool, or the tool to the work. — Feed'er, n. I 

Feel (f81)t V. /. & {. [FiLT (fSlt) ; FBLDro.1 To 
perceive l^ the touch ; to experience ; to be af- 
zeoted.— n. Feeling ; sensation communicated 
by touching. — FeePer, n. — Feeling, a. Pm- 
sessii^, or expressive of, sensibility ; sensitive. 
— n. The sense ; sense of touch ; emotion ; 
paasicn ; agitation ; opinion. •^Feel'UlC-ly, adv. 

Feet (fet), n., pi. of Foot. 

Feign (fSn), V, i. [Fkonbd (fand) ; Fbigniho.] 
To imagme; to pretend; to counterfeit.— 
Felgn'er, n. — Feint (fant), n. Pretense ; false 
show ; stratagem. — v. i. To make a mock at- 

Feld'spar" (fSld/spSr/), Feld'spath' (-apStV), n, 
A crystallme mineral, breaking in two directions. 

Fe-Uo'i-ty (f6-lTs'T-1^), n. Happiness; bliss; 
prosperity. — Fe-lio'1-tate (-tat), v. L To make 
happy ; to coi^^ratulate. — Fe-lio'l-ta'tlon (-tiE'- 
shun), n. Congratulation. — Fe-Uo'l-tOIIJi (-lIsT- 
tlis),a. Happy; skillful.— Fe-Uo'l-tooa-ly, adv. 

Fe'llne (f S'lin), a. Pertaining to cats. 

Fell (fSl), imp. of Fall. 

Fell(fSl), a. Cruel; inhuman; savage; bloody. 

Fell (fSl), n. Skin or hide of a beast. 

Fell (fSl), V, t. [Fbllkd (fSld); FsLLiHCk] To 
prostrate ; to cut down. — Fell'er, n. 

Fell (fSl), V, t. To sew or hem (seams). — n. A 
seam joining two pieces of cloth edge to edge ; 
the end of a web formed by its last thread. 

IIFellall (fS11&), n. Egyptian or Syrian peasant 

Felloe (fSlId), n. See Fxllt. 

Fellow (fSlId), n. A companion; associate; 
equal; person; individual; ignoble or mean 
man ; member of a college corporation or learned 
society. — Fel'low-oreature (-kret 6r), n. One 
of the same race or kind. — Fellow-feel'lng 
(-fSl'Tng), n. Sympathy ; a like feeling. — Fel'- 
low-slll^, 71. State of being a fellow or associ- 
ate ; familiar intercourse ; companionship ; foun- 
dation for maintenance of a resident scholar. 

Felly (fSin^), n. The exterior rim of a wheel. 

llFe'lo-deHM' (fSQ^-dt-sS'), n. A self-murderer; 

Fel'on (fSllin), n. One guilty of felcmy or capa- 
ble of heinous crime ; a criminal ; a nudefactor ; 
a whitlow ; a painful inflammation of the finger 
or toe. —a. Malignant ; fierce ; disloyaL — Fel'- 
O-ny (-^-nj^), n. A heinous or capital crime. — 
Fe-lO'nl-OIUi (fS-lS'nT-tts), a. Malicious; vil- 
lainous ; perfidious. — Fe-UKni-ons-ly, adv, 

Fel'spar, n. See Fsldspar. 

Felt (fSlt), J9. p. & a. from Fsbl. 

Felt (ffilt), n. Cloth or stuff of wool, or wool 
and fur, unwoven. — v. t. To make into, or 
cover with felt. — Felt'ing, n. Material of 
which felt is made ; felt cloth. 

Fe'&Lale (fe'mal), n. One of the sex that bears 
young. — a. Feminine ; not male. — Fem'i- 
nine (fSmT-nln), a. Pertaining to a woman ; 
womanly ; modest ; effeminate. 

Fem'O-ral (fSmffr-ral), a. Belonging to the thigh. 

Fen (f8n), n. Boggy land ; moor ; marsh. 

Fence (rane), n. That which fends off danger ; 
defense ; wall or other inclosing structure about 
a field, garden, etc. ; self-defense by the sword ; 
fencing. — v. t, [Fkncbd (fSnst) ; I^cnro (f6n'- 
sTng).] To fend off danger from ; to guard ; 
to inclose with a fence or other protection. — 
V. i. To make a fence ; to protect ; to defend 
one's self by the sword. — Fen'oer (ffin'sSr), 
n. — Fen'ci-Dle (-sT-bU), a. Capable of being 

fSxn, recent, 6rb, r^de, fyll, Urn, food, f<A>t, out, oU, obair, go, sins, iQk, tben, Uiln. 


dsfandail, or at nffoKUiig defann. — n. A 
dler eullned tor dBfeiiH ol ths ocnotn. — I 
■tniiniAIiigV s. Art of Hlf-daTeiiH with 

fMa((Aid),c.f. TokHpoS; toihut ouL-_ 
To mat i to pKry. — FaaA'ar (-SiJ, ". 
wbo, or th>t which, fondl or **TdH off ; ■ fr 
to hiadsr coils from rollli^ to the Boor -. i c 
ion hung oTor the iLdB of ■ lenBl tg nreve; 
from ttSltbig ■ whuf , etc 

FMtU (IS^Iim). n. One of u Irioh h 

^o. ParUlnlH to FeiUuu or to EWuIbh 
PBU-ao-Un (-li'm'L ». PtIiuIi^, purpi 
Mid nuttaodi of tlie renliuu. 

Itaiiri (hd^), «. 

A plHotf cultSvalAd 

''m. " 



— I'wI-lM' (tW-fy), _ _ _ 

ment it made. — Fsuffgr (fir), rNl'lBr('JSt} 

„ llt(-BKnt); 

A feud oriee; eooTeyauce iii f« of 
jal deUverj of |m«nfiilnn 


Fam (ftrD), n. A crrptoguioiu plant, liivlnE 
IM tryotiilMtKni on tte Uck of Mm tuva. — 
^"'■'J. (-?)> "- Abounding In (emi. — Fran'' 
«r-y (*-J), n. Pli« (or ruring feme. 

Pe-Tyoinn* (It-rS'ahfla), a, ladlcating crmelty ; 

olon»ly.'adp. — Pt-Weioiu-aBii, Ta-nel-tj 
A (Bz^t-St), a. Like, nude of, or per- 
it (firirGt), n. An inSnwl ol the Weuel 

F«Crl-*te (f«T^T-a|), n. Fve paid it ■ ferry. 

Fn-n'Kt-BdU (fSr-ru'jI-nHi), a. PutaUDgof 

iron iliks iron nut In ■ppeuuuH or ddor. 
Fn'nla (fBrirri or -rvl), n, A ring rouud ■ cua, 

tool, ete.. b> pnnent ipUttiug. 
Fu^ (Iii'17), n. A place, ilua boat, for tn(» 

—T. I. &{. [fuum (-rid) ; Fuiubs.V To 
put orer water In a boat Iwiy-lmf (-bSt' J, 

narrow witen.— r«rtT-m»n{-inon),ii.' Onn 
FnrUle (fBr'tri or -ttl), a. FrodocinK fmit in 
" ' ■■" 1 productive ; rich. — Fef- 

tll«-ly. 00 . 

tjj,n. — Fra^-llM (fBrti-u.),.. i, io loaao 

e^iOn), n. A rendering fertile; proceH by wlilch 
the pollen of planta rendera the ovule farijle; 

Fn'olg (fer^l'or ff^^Tn. A flat piecM of wood, 
Fm^ [^fiSot s.°'He>t; eioealre nrnitbi 

(^:™t), a. 

nt i boiling i earnest i ei 
'n'Tnt-lT, adv. — Pip 
rra^d (■»«). a. Ver; 

FMlal (Ib'tol), a. FertalDing to a 
feaAt ; gay ; nUrthf uL 


-tli^-^], n. Conditloo oC being fea- 
nlnl: vkM joy or eibilaration ol 

(ffifr-toon'), n- A garland 01 

-'i^-te^T-jji a 

FBtoh (fSchl, II. I. [Frremo 
(ffcht) ; Fbtchwo.) To go 
and bring ; to hring ; lo 

boUday, 01 feiUllt*. 

enter- '- 

Fsnook'CWt^SI'), "■ A projection on the back 

.nt. — e. (. [rEriKMD l-lSra) ; FrriDi- 
] To put fetters on^ to ebacklB! to n- 

Feniftfud), n. Affray; broil; dlipute; ttrife. 

Fend (fud , n. An estate tield of > mperior ; a 

— dieryealate; Bet; fee. — Fen'lll (15'- 

!. P*rt^l^lnatofeud^,flef^o^feCBihcld 
ord. — ren'a«l-l8ni {-dnl-Ii'm), h. The 
>y«tem.— nu'di ry (fu'dl-rj), n. Hold 

^1,0,0,1008; &.«.l,Aia,S.*bort;a 

[te, Stent, Idea, Obey, (Imte, cftre, ilnn,&ak,^ flnnl, 

Ttn'tM-xa-ry i.-**- 

T <-^^i^ 

rked by 


■I (ni), n. An asuts bcld on oonilltloD of mlL 
Flold (raid), n.' A piacB of IncIOMl lud ; Bwlde 

outaiDAd in tha clot 

llkiO. AllMted br, iDdlc^ng, 
forer. — Fe'nrllk-IIMI, n. 

Fnr (fii), 0. Hot mu; ; unaU, Ilmlt«d, of con 

flned In munbei. — Pew^BM, n. 
Fra (Rb), n. A red op, woni by Tnrla, eto. 
IFl'in'M' (IS'^'ef j, n. A betnlhed nun. - 

IIFI'UI'BM'. n. A beliollisd womui. 
nn-u'in ve-nmst), n. a tanun. 
Fl'at C^'It), n, A command ; decrofl. 
Hh (rtb), ». A falMhood ; B 118 about a trifle. - 

C.J. [rnmD (nud) ; Fmms.] To llei t 

mu( filler), 'nim, n. A Bne, alender thrud 
nillir(Q'brtl),n. Aimallflbui ibnnchot I 

niullis (titirTn), n. A eompoOBd loimd I 
nuls ud Togetab'" """' -—'■■ -»'--■- 
of coagdlfitAd bloc 

Finnou <fi'brtla), a. >^iiuuii- 

UHvil-lKIIb^Ji^nl Aolup 

Ploli'n (nib'f ; F. K'«h( 

luE nftck and aboiUden. """ ^*^ 

JWUalflk'k'l), arUablBtoTlclHltude ; ofaanKB- 

rtDtlla (flkan)^ •>. Uolded into form by art. 
notiOB (ffk'aliBn), n. A feigning or ImnginbiE ; 

a fslgned story : labrloaUon -, falHlmod. -~ FlC- 

tltleu (-tlah'Os), a. Imaginary i counterfeit ; 

falaa; not ganDlne.— FlO-UtlBIU'ly, ode. 
PU'dl* (fTd'd'l), B. A ttringed Initrumept of 

, ,.,._._u. _ ._ [F,DDinD(-d'ld); 

„ ... PltteantS' 

{-tSnthO, a. Nakt after the f ourtoeDth ; being 
one of ofteen eqiud parta Into wblcb a whole la 
diTlded. — H. One of fifteen equal parta of a 

HtlJl (frtth), a. Noit In order after the fourth; 

na'dl«r\ n. One wbo ^y> ^a^ddle ; a 

euce to right : Integnty ; loj 

ntg'et (nj'St), p. i. [Fmai 

To more anea^ly one way 

". Irregular — -"— - — -*■- 

Baa,— Hflfrt-y 
(-«), a. ReatleHi uueas;, 

Ptdn'olil Cft-du'>h<il), Fl-dn'oi-i-rr (-dii'.hl-t- 
rf or.ihi-rf),a. CooflilenC ; undoubting ; hold- 
loK, held, or founded, in truit. ~- ». One who 
holdi a tbiiw In tmat for anolber | a tnistae. 

Flt(E),f«lcrf. Denoting contempt or dialike. 

18i%ICaant,Aib, n|de, f^ Am, ttfM, fdM, out, o 

— FlaU a>7. A day vben tnope are drawn out 

ment ; a gala day. — Ftald "■"'■■' A eom- 

S*Bimi^ea^^Bi.' — FlsEl of ' 

Itary officer al: 

Is dJTl 

equal parte ; quotlei 

ng(ng).«. At™ 

Tnilt; awortblHstI 
(Iff); TmoTuia.^ 

Le of flf ty aqual parte intt 
vided. — n. One of fltti 
, of a unit divided I™ fifty, 
f warm oUmatM, Mao, Ki 

conflict. -PUlirei,».'i 
nclnuit (fig'uieiit). n.B 

number; a numeral or digit, aa, 1, S, 
price; type.— e. (. To make an imag 
ftymbDliie ; to calculate ; to embelliit 
To mahe a figure ; to be dutioguiibed. 
S-n-Us (-1-b'l), n. Capable of being 

— miuH (-il), o. Bepi — ' ■■ 

or delineation ; if *- " 

Of adatermlnate 

figutmt*.— Ht^^lB (- 




nt'll-xa^OlL (ffg'A-rS'Bhfin), n. A giving fig- 
ure or determinate form ; mixture of concords 
and diflcorda in muaic. — Fis'lir-a-tive (fTg'lir- 
A-tTv), a. Representing by a figure, or by resem- 
blance; iTpical; representauye ; not literal; 
flowery ; florid. — Flg'lll-a-tiTe-ly, adv. 

Fil'a-mailt (fTl'A-ment), n. A thread ; a fiber. — 
FU^a-mentons (-mfinftiis), a. BesembUng a 
thread : consisting of filaments. — Fil'a-tard 
(fTKA-tur), n. A drawing out into threads; 
the reeling of silk from cocoons. 

FllOwrt (fll'bSrt), n. The nut of the cultivated 

Flloli (fTlch), V. t, [FXLGHSD (fTlcht) ; Filching.] 
To steal ; to pilfer. — Filoll'er, n. 

FilA (fil)t n. An orderly succession ; line ; row 
of soldiers ranged behiud <me another, or of 
papers arranged for reference ; wire or other 
contriyance by which papers are kept in order ; 
list; roll.— v. t. To set in order; to place on 
file ; to put among the records of a court, etc. — 
V, «. To inarch in line. — File leader. A sol- 
dier at the head of a file, who leads those in his 
rear. — IndlaiL, or Single, file. A line of men 
marching one behind another. 

File (fn), n. A steel instrument, haying sharp- 
edged furrows, for abrading or smoothing metal, 


Files of different shapes, in profile and section, a Flat, 
or Equaling File ; h Square File ; c Knife-edge File ; 
d Half-round File; e Round or Rat - tail File ; / 
Three-square File ; g Entering File ; h Cross File ; 
t Slitting File. 

wood, etc. ; an artful person. -* v. t. To rub, 
smooth, sharpen, or polish, with a file. 

Fil'ial (fTFyal), a. Pertaining to, or becoming, a 
child; bearing the relation of a child. — Fil'i- 
ate (-t-at), V. t. To adopt as son or daughter. 
— Tll'^i-a'tlOIl (-S'shtin), n. Relation of a child 
to a father ; the fixing a bastard child on some 
one as its father ; affiliation. 

Fiia-bUS'ter (fTlT-btis'ter), n. A lawless military 
adventurer; a freebooter; a pirate. —r. t. To 
act as a filibuster ; to delay legislation by dila- 
tory artifices. 

FlFl-gree (fTlt-gre), n. Ornamental work of 
gold or silver wires. ^ a. Composed of such 
work ; fanciful ; unsubstantial. 

Fill (fll), v. /. & i. [FiLLBD (fnd) ; Pillino.] 
T6 make or become full. — n. A full supply ; 
fullness. — FiU'er, n. — Fill'lng, n. A making 
full ; that which fills ; woof in woven fabrics. 

Fill (fTl), n. A thill or shaft of a carriage. 

Fillet (ftllgt), n. A little band or twist ; esp. , a 
band encircling the hair ; a fiat molding in archi- 
tecture, etc. ; a piece of lean meat for cooking. 
—V. /. To bind or adorn with a fillet. 

Fins. 1 Ventral ; 2 Anal ; S 
Caudal ; 4 Pectoral; 5 First 
Dorsal ; 6 Second Dorsal. 

FUni-lMS (fnaT-bSg), n. a Highlander*! Utt^ 

Fiil'ingt n. Bee under Fill, v. /. 
Fil^ (fTllTp), v. /. [FiLuran (-ITpt) ; FiLLzr. 

nro!] To strike with the nail of the finger, 

snapped from the ball of the thumb. — n. A 

snap from the finger ; a smart tap. 
TiVlj (^i13^)i 1^ A young mare ; a female colt ; 

a bve^, wanton girL 
Film (fliin), n. A thin skin ; a pellicle ; a dender 

thread, as in a cobweb. — v. t. To cover with a 

pellicle. — Film'y (fTl'mj^^, a. Composed of 

film; membranous; cobweolike. 
Filter (fTKtSr), n. Strainer for purifying liquids. 

— V. t. To purify (liquor) by straining. — v. i. 

To perooli^. 
Filth (fTlth), ». Foul matter ; dirt ; nastiness. 

Filth ' 7 (f n ' th^), a. Foul ; dirtv ; unclean ; 

n-oss; licentious; vulgar. — Filtlld-ly, adv. — 

nith'i-ness, n. 
Fil'trato (firtrat), v. t. To filter. — Fil-tratlon 

(fTl-tnt'shfin), n. A filtering. 
Fimnui-ata (fim'brT-at), v. t. To hem; to fringe. 
Fin (ftn), n. A membranous organ with which 

a fish swims. — ^ikLt ft 

HntoC-ny)'"- iS^ 

Having fins; i™m^™i 


fins or to fish. — 

Fin'lesB, a. 

Destitute of fins 

Filial (fi'nal), a. 
Ending; last; 
ultimate ; termi- 
nating; conclu- 
sive. — Fi'Hal-ly, adv. At the end ; lastly ; 
completely. — Fl-nall-ty (ft-n»t-ty), n. Final 
state or arrangement ; settlement. — ||Fi-na1d 
(ft-nSnfi), n. The last note, or end, of a piece 
of music; close; termination. 

Fi-nanoe' (fT-nSns'), n. Income of a ruler or of a 
state ; revenue ; science of raising and expend- 
ing public money ; pi. funds. — Fi-nan'oial 
(-nSn'shal), a. Pertaining to finance. — Fi- 
nan'cial-ly, arf*. — Fin'an-oler' (fln'Sn-sSrO, 
n. One skilled in financial operations ; an offi- 
cer who administers public revenues; a treas- 
urer. — 17. {. To conduct financial operations. 

Finch (finch), n. A small singing bird. 

Find (find), v. t. [Found (found) ; FnroiHO.] To 
meet with ; to discover ; to perceive ; to feel ; 
to supply; to furnish; to establish. — Find'er, 
n. — rind'ing, n. That which is found ; dis- 
covery ; conclusion found by a jury ; verdict ; 
pi. tools or materials which a workman supplies 
for himself. 

Fine (fin), a. Finished ; brought to perfection ; 
excellent; superior; beautiful; showy; not 
coarse, gross, or heavy, ^v. t. To make fine ; 
to refine; to purify.— Fine'ly, adt;. — Fine'- 
ness, n. — Fin'er-y (-8r-y), «• Ornament ; dec- 
oration ; a furnace for making iron malleable. 

Fine (fin), n. Money paid as settlement of a 
claim, or as punishment for an offense, ^v. t. 
To impose a penalty upon ; to mulct. 

Fi-nesse' (fT-ngs'), n. Subtilty ; contrivance ; ar- 
tifice ; stratagem. ^ v. t. To use artifice. 

Fin'ger (fln'ger), n. One of the five extremities 
of the hand ; a digit. — v. t. [Fikokred (-gSrd) ; 
FiNOBRiNo.] Totouchwith the fingers; to luui- 
die ; to pilfer ; to purloin. 

B| Of I» 5, a, long ; ft, 6, i, A, &, j* abort ; senAte, « vent, tdea, Obey, Unite, oftre, firm, ftak, |U1, final, 


fte>t«t (ftnl-ol). n, Th« onuHoeiilHl eitremiC; 
0( ft puumole iu GothJo " 

niia«ll (tTnl-kal), 0. Af- 

inila(fl'Dla), n. Ad audi 

rtttia mirtBh), p. i. iva- 

OBWO (-Tiht) ; FimaHiBa.] rmiiii. 

To bring to va and -, to tar- 
tniunte ; to conduds ; to complstc ; to perfect 
^n. TiaX vhich QniaheB or perfecta ; tbe lut 
ooabot plaater on * wall, — rui1ah-«r. n. 

n'tiU (rf'nit), o. Limited in quantity, d^r™. 
or oapaclty ; boundod. — H'nlte-ly, odn. 

nnaw rinllT' aee under Pnr.n. 

naiTWn), TS. A nitlTe oF CWwd i ona of ■ 

Flanllkdln^ih),!;. FertiinlnKtorinluid.lla 
iiHiplo,arCbeirtuiguwa.— n. Langnwe ol Uw 
iTlnu.— nalMd-(r(-Und-Sr). n. A Finn. 

rind (tjCrd), Hind, n. A nirroK inlat ol tbe 
MLbatwaen higb rocka ; ■ Iritb. 

m ((&),»■ ACneof the Fins lunllr, nlnabla 
for timltar sbd naln. 

nra (^), n. Heat and light cwued In burning ; 

flistnna.— c.'l. ToKtonar8;to'kindle; to in- 
take flre': to kindle ; to be irritated 'or Inflamed ; 
to dlKhuga fliesrme. — Plia^HI, a. Desti- 
tute of fire. — Fln'un' (-£rm')i R- A weapon 
b^m Thioh Ahotfl are dJachu^red by an enpio- 
■Iva. — Fln'Inimd' (-bribid'). n. A place of 

Incendiarr. — tiz^ar (-fli'). »- A lumluoue 
wtotadbeetla — FlIVHan (-man). n. One em- 
plofed to axtingulih oonAwntiona or to tend 
(be ItM of in OBslna, ate. — Rnldui' (-pits' ; , 
B. A part of a chlmiMT whan the fire bums ; 
>e«rth.— HWIi w r <-priaF), n. Incombuiti- 
blB.—Fln'lUa'.n. A pluebeaide the hearth; 
hone. — nn'wind' fw«d'), n. Wood for 
(naL — Plw'WOrtt' {-wOrk'),B. A preparation 
of GOmbuetible matenaUto mahem striking dis- 
^u of Ufrfat t J>'- a pyrotechnic exhibition. — 
Xln tolok. A briefe eapable of euelidning in- 
tanae heat without f oeion, usually made of Are 
el^. — rin oUy. A clar, ohiefly ailicai« of alu- 
mina, eapable ofiuBtalning intenae lieat. — Tin 
DOmpmr- A company ol man lor nanaging 
*u enable to eitingulsb Hrea. — Fit* onokir. 
A imall paper cylimler, eharged with gunpow. 
dar, which, being lighted, erplodea witb a loud 
report. — Fin dims. Biploiive carbureteii 
brdrogen of coal ulnea. — Fin Mtar. Qae 
who pntende to aat flra ; a quarrelBome fellow : 
botmur. — Tbe •nslnt' An hydisulic pumr 
tor thmwlng water to eitinguidi Srei. —Tin 

holding 01 conveying lire ; a receptacle for tbi 
priming in a pin. —Fire milEOe- Tho healinf 

Fll^ (fSrttn), B. Ainaa»^"hDiding 8 orl 

nna<RIrm),a. Fixed j solid ; compact ; denie 

fBni, iflcent, Aibi i^da, Ifll, An, ftfbd, Id^ 


atable ; robust ; stnrdy j etea<1y i 
The same, title, or style, undei 

ti^mmt (fSr^t-mcnii, n 
air ; tbe sky ; tbe beavena. 
ll-mu (IJr'man or ftr-mjii 

Int(fSnt), a. Preceding all othera; t 

etc., hi murio. — Finny, adv. In tho ; 
place; to begin.— plrWUnt l-ltng), b. 
firat offiprlng (of knimBlaj. — Pint '111 

rilrt'-nrte' (-rat/), a. Of the highert; ei 

. Tbe leglw Of (be 
I*], n. A deciM of 

gills, and I 

: an attorney general 
bl breathing by meana of 
■ater ; flesh o( Bsb, used 
D(tlaht) ; FusDia.] To 

Tocatoh ; lodrawoutornp.— rlal'aiiFiBli'K- 
catctiingaih.— nali'7(-f), a- Wahlike ; laat- 
ing or imelllnK like flth ; Incredible, — PUht- 
n»«l, B.-rUll'er-y(-ir-J), n. The hnaineaa, 
practice, or place, of utdllug flsh. — Fllkf 
liawr(-h)|k'),B. The 
oaprey, flahing eagle, . 
or bald bUEiard, which m 
plnngulnto waterand a 

talons,'— Hiir''hoifl(' ' 
(-hoftk'), ", A hook 

Fl^ilS (n^l), a. Ca- 

^.id(S ln'"h8'''ii^ 

Fi»sui-ty ^n».rfi'- 11 
t-m, B. — Fii'slait 3 

(nah'lln), n, A cloaT- « 

ing:sp]tttjiig. — Fir- 

^ett; a longitudinal FEilihAwk, 

— pumna 

■Ona (-I-kUf), 1 
!Hi'tn-^(tTi"iVli),"B, ireed 

Fit (fit), O, [PlTTM ; 

ngera douijled 
A bloii 1 ;i(. 

; qualilled ; 
.] To make 

.Juatment; adaplAdueafl of parte tbtl 
itaeU— PHteliB,— Finy, adv. 
jperly. - Flt1I»I», n. - Pitmug, o, 
late; auitai^le ; proper.^n. Anytl 

t, oil, dull, K0> aiiiB, Ink, tlu 


la fltUnc up or fuinUiiiig; pi. n««H 

Tit (nt), n. S^ddm uid riolent itUck o 
ord«i ; convuUioD ; paroiyaDi -, pualikg b 
lnipiil.i.» Bction. — ftt'tlll (fiflvl), n. 
fltK; hpumodic; lippul«iv4 uid unata 
Httnl-ly, ndp. 

Plw(fiv),n. ThenunibsrasitsTeaterthiu 

o'^'odb mora t£^°1oiir. — HwiSl'"(° 


fii- 'ru-|ltlaiu (Bt-jl')^"")' "' BiignKetuJlTBiiiD- 
liial ; Mrocioua ; flagraut ; heinous. — Fl£-gl'- 
Pl«-(11loiinie>«, n- 


[FniD (Itktt); FniBO.] Tu ; 
pierce ; to adjust ^ to Ht to rights ; to p 

•A-iuu.n. — Fix' 

«.-Hx'lM,B. That which ia flied 
. — riXt^I-tJ),n. Fi.odDMa; CO 
ol putL — ' Flz^tUS (-tAr), n. Tha' 


LDBied to faouaes, etc. 

Buad; toInU of aiic -■--■- ! 

, T anting flmmesa; flaccid.— 

FlRVW-nsw (-M-nSa), n. 
riui'flia IflSk'sf d), a. Tielding ta preasun ; soft 
sr 1 Ui; fl»bbj. — Flio Hfl'i-tT 

To hang looaa ; to droop; tolauguLah; topLue 

Flic (Si). R. A tiat BloDS (or paving. -i>. i 
ToUy with flat atones.— PlBf'ilin,n. Pbk 

?!'-PUr'»tOn^°^M'n™,'B.'^A flat Wont^u'^ 
Jo pavings rock which will aplit into aiic 

— FiafgT(-gJ). o. 

•Ignala D a d i 

with a flag. — 


■ntmSer atTa'eet. — 


— FIjfal-lilHmi (. 

Flif'M^ior iflEjt-ief 


UfMKaSn'nn),)!. soft woolen cloth, orioou 
lp(IIIp),B. Anjithlng broad and limber that 


J (of a 


!l». — FUp'ririi.— F!«']Mk' 
^']iu' I, n. A broad pancake. 
Flars (flBr), v. i- To bum with a glaring, un- 
steady llglit ; to flaunt ; to open or epread out- 
ward, ** n. An unaleadj, offfineive light. — 
PltuQ'— ip' (-tip')fn. A BUdden paaaloD; paa- 

PlMl^flfch), " i^'cktaem (flfaht) ; Fijshiho.] 

breiTr out vl'oleWIy. - v. I. To send out in 
flashes; to light up suddenly. — II. A niddeu 

etc.^a. Low and vulgar; »luig. — PUu^(-jF), 
a. Daiiling; showy ; gaudy. —FllSh'I-lT, adv. 

W, Slant, tdsa. Obey, dnita, cAre, ttrm, ink, ffl, Bodi, 

Fbuk(at8k},f>. . 

nuking cuUngs In 
rut(fl«t), 0. Level; 
proAtniu ; moDoCo- 

adv. Oitsctiit'; Auf^r— n. 
pl«c«ollHid| iboalj Muftitd 

— Fltttau, 
-FM.imvt.-wii'ia. & 

3) (-l3rf); 

to pleue by artful camineiidatioa,DT with f^se 
hopu.— nittam {■ir), n. — PUVtai-j OS), 
n. AdulAtlon; compmneiit ; DbeeqiuouaDeH. 
rUVB-lMlt {fltt^-leiitj, a. Wmdy ! producing 
wind In tfas itonimeb. ^FlAt'lL-lAiuia (-Inia), 

i" flM't«r>, t. (.^. , . , 

FLATTEBDia.] IVjcou; togrmtily the vtnit)' Dl 

riMt^ (fll/tlet), n. A ptsjrn on tbe Dutfl ; a 

PUTor (ai'vSr), n. Odor; fragrance; taita; 
MTOt. — P. I. To^YBfl»vor to. — Fla'Tor-mu 
(-iifl)i a. Impartmg Aavot; pleasuit Co the 
tuiCa or mnell. 

PUW (^), «. A burst ; breach ; detect ; blem- 
ish; bnlC; Hidden oiin or blast.— i. t. To 
breikitoorack.— liiw^l-J), a. Pull of, or 
nbjeot to, 9iws. 

Flax IfllkH), n. A pluit whOMbark fields a fiber 

SL-Pta^W.' (MkX'i™ Made of, or re. 
«u.bling, flai.-nM'«««(' (-sid'), «. The 
•eed ol the flai plant ; Unseed. — F1«X^ (-JJ, o. 

(, [FLAt.D I 
(flad); Flat- ^ 

FlflUn ( fl£m ), n. A eurgeon^B I 

n«ok (flSk), n.' A apoti a streak; a 
V. I. [Flsmsd (flBkt) I FLKicia.] 

Flm/USD <flek'sbGa)°fi. A bending. 

Fhd, imp. An. p. of Flu. 

~ ■ ■ - > wHh feUbers 

ra.] Tot; 

tmp. A p. 

Fitdn fflSj),'c.'*, To supply 

with any soft corerlng. — F] 

Ig t&d just fledged. 


FlM (fiS), t. i. & I. [Flbd (flSd) ; FUBM.) 
FlMM (fiSsl, n. A ci^ of wool that Bonn ■ 

" iwoy iBff^i.'a. 

Plew («M), imp. a FtT. 

"—'-"-»), e. (. fFLHH.-(fiSkat)i ' 

] Ito bend. — Flul.Ua 

(-I.b'1), a. Capable of being flexed 
or bent ; pltabla ; dnotUa ; obwqui- K 
una; watering. — nM'^bl•.|MMh 

pui'i Mii-tr M-bm-ty), ft.^-rtirti« (-h), 

a. Fllant;fieldhu:.-nMCl<lii(a8k'ihHn),ii. 
A fleihiK or beDding; part bent; fold: lidwo- 
tion ; action of thn Hainr mnnpliai. — nai'at 
(fiEkf Gr). n. 

1. [rucuiiD (.Srd) ; Fuci- 

the golden-winced woodpecker c 

{flit}, n. Act of fleeing ; hao^ departure ; 
mode, or style of flying ; number of thing! 
ingthroturbtbealrtogwter: flock of birds; 


ifl TdaUIe; gj 

nUi^nttiXia'zf). a 
— °iial; fecMe; light. — PUm'd-ly, od". 

pLiKCHiHa,] Todnnbai 
rua'din (flln'dSn), n. p 

[FuBOHDi (fllncht); 

PlllW (Hlng), B. 

Pltat" flint) 

[0 (flSng) i FLisaiNS,] 

llp'put (flTp>p<iat|, a. or smootli and npid 

apeech ; pert ; petulant PllpTJant-lJ, ode. — 

n^^mt-nsu. TUW^a^lJ (-pon.^). n. 

0, ryde, Ifill, ftm, Idtod, Mbt, ant, oil, c 





FUp'Vtr (flTj/pSr), n. A paddle of a aea turtle ; 
a broad fin of a fiah ; limb of a seal, whale, etc. 

FUzt (flSrt), V. L To throw with a jerk ; to fling 
suddenly ; to jeer at. — v. i. To coquette. — n. 
A jerk ; a darting motion ; a coquette ; a pert 
girl. — FUr-tatlon (fiSr-tS'shiin), n. A flirting ; 
plajing at courtship ; coquetry. 

Put (flit), V. i. [Flittbd ; FLrrrma.] To dart 
along ; to fleet ; to flutter ; to be unstable ; to 
be easily or often moved. 

Flitoh (fllch), n. A side of pork cured. 

FlittW (flYf tSr), ». A rag ; a tatter. 

Float (flSt), n. A thing that rests on the snrfj 
of a fluid ; a raft ; a kind of file or trowel. — 
v.t. &i. To swim on the surface. — Float'age 
(-jlj), n. Anything that floato on water. 

Floo'cn-lent (fiSk'kQ-lent), a. Adhering in flocks 
or flakes. —Floo^OH-lenoe (-lens), n. State of 
being flocculent. 

nook ( fl^ )} n. A company or collection of 
sheep, birds, etc. ; a Christian congregation. -* 
v. i. [Flocksd (fl&kt); Flockino.] To as- 

FlOOk (fl5k), n. A lock of wool or hair ; powdered 
wool or doth, for stu£Sng furniture, coating 
wall paper, ete. ; refuse of cotton or woolen 

Floe (fl5), n. A mass of ice floating in the ocean. 

Flog (fl^)f V. t. [Floookd (flSgd) ; Flogoino.] 
To beat ; to whip ; to lash. 

Flood (fllid), n. A body of moving water ; del- 
uge ; freshet ; inundation ; great quantity ; su- 
perabundance. — V. t. To overflow ; to inundate. 
— Flood gato. A gate to stop or to let out 
water ; a passage ; a restraint. 

Floor (flSr), n. A bottom of a building or room ; 
story ; platform ; part of a legislative chamber 
assigned to the members ; right to speak. ^ v. t. 
[FttOOBBD (fiorch; FLOORma.] To cover with 
a floor ; to lay level with the floor ; to strike 
down ; to silence. — FlOOl/tDg, n. A platform ; 
bottom of a room ; materisdfor floors. 

Flop (flSp)f V. t. & i, [Flopped (flQpt) ; Flop- 
ping.] To flap.— n. Act of flopping. 

FlO'ra (flS^ri), n. Goddess of flowers; natural 
vegetable growth of a locality or period ; de- 
scription of such growth. — FlO'tal (-ral), a. 
Pertaining to Flora or flowers. — FlO-res'omco 
(fli-rSs'ens), n. A bursting into flower ; blossom- 
ing. — Flo'lret (-r8t), n. A little flower ; partial 
flower of an aggregate flower. — 
Flo'rlst (flS'rTst or flSr^st), n. A 
cultivator of flowers ; a writer on 
flowers. — FlO'xl-Olll^tlire C-kfil'- 
tur), n. Cultivation of flowering 

Flor'ld (flSrTd), a. Bright m color ; 
of a lively red color ; embellished 
with flowers of rhetoric ; ornate. Florets. 

— Flo-rld'i-ty (flS-rldl-ty), Flor'id-ness, n. 

Flor'in (flSr'tn), n. A silver coin of several 
European countries. 

Floss (flSs), n. A silken substance in husks 
of maize, ete. : untwisted filaments of silk. — 
FlOSS'T {fij6sfj)i a. Like floss ; light ; downy. 

Floss ( nSs ), n. A small stream of water ; fluid 
glass floating on iron in a puddling furnace. 

FlO^ge (flQ^'taj), n. Act of floating ; floating ma- 
teria. — Flo-ta'tion (fld-ta'shiin), n. A float- 
ing ; the science of floating bodies. — Flo-tU'la 
(-tT11&), n. A little fleet ; fleet of small vessels. 

— Flot'sam (flSf sam), Flot'son (fl8l/sVn), n. 
Goods lost by shipwreck, and floating on the sea. 

Flonxioe (flouns), v. {. [Flouncbd (flounst); 
FiouNCiNO.] To turn or twist violently; to 
struggle ; to flounder. — n. A jerk ; a twist. 

Flonnoo (flouns), n. An ornamental strip deco- 
rating a lady's dress. ^ v. /. To adorn with 

Flonn'der (flounMSr), n. A flatfish, allied to the 

Flonn'der (fioun'dSr), 

V. i. [£i<0UNDEBBD 

(-dSrd); Floundebt 
INO.] To fiing the 
limbs and body vio- 
lently; to toss; to 
txunble ; to flounce. -bi^^^a^. 

Flour (flour), n. Finely Flounder, 

ground meal of wheat or other gn^ain; dust; 
powder. — V. t. [Flousbd (flourd) ; FLOuiUKa.] 
To grind and bolt; to sprinkle with flour. — 
Flonr'lr {-f)i a* Of or resembling flour. 

Flonr'lsn (fliirlsh), v. i. [Floubishbd (-Tsht); 
Floubishino.] To thrive ; to prosper. — v. t. To 
expand ; to brandish. ^ n. A decoration ; an or- 
nament ; a waving of a weapon or other thing ; 
a brandishing. 

Flout (flout), V, t. To mock ; to treat with con- 
tempt. — v. ^ To sneer. — n. An insult ; gibe. 

Flow (flo), V. i, [Flowed (flod) ; Flowino.] To 
move as a liquid ; to melt ; to glide smoothly ; 
to proceed ; to abound ; to hang loose and wav- 
ing ; to rise, as the tide ; — opposed to ebb, — 
V. t. To cover with water; to flood.— n. A 
stream of fluid ; a current ; copiousness ; the ris- 
ing tide. 

Flow'er (flou'Sr), n. A blossom of a plant ; the 
choicest part of anything ; a flgure of speech. 
— V. t*. To blossom forth ; to bloom. — v. /. To 
embellish with flowers. — Flow'OT-y (-Sr-j^), a. 
Full of flowers ; florid ; ornate. — FlOW'or-1- 
ness, n. Floridness of speech. — Flow^or-de- 
lnoe' (-de-lus^), n. A plant 
of the genus Iri» ; flag ; fleur- 
de4is.—'F]xnr'm'9t,n. A 
small flower; floret.— Flower 
stalk. A peduncle of a plant, 
or stem supporting the fruc- 

Flown (flSn), p. p. of Flt. 

Flnctn-ate ( flfik'tu-at ), v. i. 
To move as a wave ; to waver ; 
to hesitate ; to scruple. — 
Flnc^tn-a'tion (-5'shiin), n. 
A fluctuating; unsteadiness; 

Fine, n. An air passage, esp. 
for conveying gases, smoke, 
flame, etc. 

Fine (flu)) n. Light down; 
fur ; lint ; fluff. 

Fln'ent (flu'cnt), a. Flowing ; liquid ; voluble ; 
copious ; smooth. — Fln'ent-ly, adv. — Fln'en- 
cy (-6n-sy), n. 

Flnlf (flttf), n. Nap or down; flue. — Flnlft 
{-f)j a. Pertaining to, or resembling, fluff ; soft 
and downy. 

Fln'id (fluTd), a. Capable of flowing ; liquid or 
gaseous, —n. A liquid or flowing substcmce. — 
Pln-id'1-ty (flft-Tdt-ty), n. Quality of being 
fluid ; a liquid ; aeriform or gaseous state. 


S,e, 1, 5, a, long i ft, 6, 1, 5, ii, ft short ; senftte, dvent, tdea, 6bey, finite, cftre, firm, ask, ^, final, 



mki (flSk), n. Ttas put of u nsclior which 
nsl tor wittw thU drim > miU ^^^ 

rnvnai-r {atiin'ai8r-j), n, a V. T ^'' 

kiDd ol pap locmerly m*d« of ^1^ 
Bout or med ; KmeUiiDg Uialplil ^t^ 

rimw (flung), lntl'- A ;>- ^- ol Fuito. 
FlniSjaitgk^.c.l Tof^; tob>CMout,throiigli 

Finale HDd^), n. AUrerfHrf^'i lukey; 

ona obeeqiuauji or crinaing ; odb eavilj L]««iv»d 

hi buTing Uockt. — nitn'ky-lim (-Ii'm), »■ 

GrlngLDa BSTTiUtr : toadyluiL, 
Plu^ (Sfli'rf ), n. A UuCi goat; dying •gwrni 

of « wlulB I commotion | bujtla i confuMon. — 

FlMh (lltuS I. (. [FtuMiD (flBiht) ! Fmhb- 
iHa.] To flow and aprwl nuddanly ; to become 

«lHLfl; toBlort (a bird or gfinifl).^n. Sudden 
floiriug ; nub : glow ; Bock of trjghteoed bltdi ; 

vigor ; fnib ; liberal -. laviah ; l«Tel or unbrokeu 
f n "■rfaca. ^adp- Bo m to be lov^i "■■ "-■■i ~"^ 

Tuaa.] To nuke hot. u 
Slut* (flDtj, : 

:. To (on 

wood 01 

to HuctUBt«. 

'pmv't Jtytrap) wboia lenTea olo« ^od ud 
BTonr Iniecti thit light on Chun. — Fly Iwt 
.□ DDprintAd le*lat beginDiugoreadof 4book; 
rculir ; programme. — Ply wIudL A beaij 

lotlnu. — nylnc utUlny. ArtiUeiy trained 
I rapid eroluClons in bMtle. — TijlHf bTllgt. 
. brldgo supported by boats, or a ferryboat 
□choreil up ttream, and rnado to ctobb by the 
)rco oT the curreni — FlylnK Hall- A Biit of 

■ion of tho lib boom. 
— Flytof KilmL 

□ eipaniive tkia nacbing 



le filled with, 

groore. ~ Flnt'Inc, n, A ctaaniial ; furrow ; 
fluted work. — Flullt, »■ A peifoniier ou the 

Jtonsr (flbfiar), «. t [IiiTTTniai(-tard)[ 
Fldttuuns.] To move or flap tba wlnga rapid- 
ly r to move with quick vibrationa or irregularly ; 

Act o£ mittorjiigi 

., — -.^.„-" ..-..." I-Xi/T 
4-tI]),a. Belouglug 
.^...rfdby, rivera. 
PlBX ( aUkj ), fk A Sowing : chauga ; matter 

iyaeOieTy. —V. I. [FLDiiD<nilk>t): Fluiiho.] 
To fUK. — Hni-itloii {-5'rtBn), n. A fiui- 
big. — FlulOB (aak'shdn), n. A flowing; 

Ply (i), i. i. iimp. Fliw (flu); p.p. Turn 
{6^) i p. pr, Fhowma-'] To move iu the air with 
wings; to float in air; to move rapidly ; to flee; 

buactolmATiyBpecJes; bght carriage ; appilaiica 
Bqualluiig Ibe motion of machinery; flight of a 
baUwheu struck. —ni'er, FIT". "■ — riy*- 
UoW(-blS'),D.I. To depoeit maggots or eua on 

depoaited by a flesh fly or blowfly.— RyTlloWIl' 
(-bl5n'),o. Tuiuteditoul.— FiT'rawiK-spSk'), 

To soil with flygpecks. — Flytnr (-tri^),n. Fol'Ua (i 
A device for catehii^ dlea { a plant (oallad alee I frailty ; 

Oa, Noant, Orb, rtia, 1^ On, ttfM, fo'M, oat, o 

to foam. — Potm'y (J), o. Frothy : apnmy. 
rob((Bb),n. A Utile pocket (or a witeh. 
P»ll(tGb),v. f. [FOBUD (tKid) 1 Fobbho.I To 

F»'eM(IS^Iii),n! A poSt^ which ran of light 
meet, after being nllected or ref racted ; central 

PlW'IEkll (lymflnl. Ti. An enemy in war. 
FotUl. n. Same as Firm. 
Fog ('»«). n. Watery vapor In the atmoaphere; 

meuUI obscurity or confusion. — t. t. To en- 

velap with (og ; tQ befog. - TM-gT (-rtf>, a. 

Filled with foe ; cloudy; dulL — Fog'rl-BBU.n. 
ra(!<Vf!).'>- Second growth of iirais;long grass 


to oat off the foa from. - FlirtV> ("5*'- 
Kank graaa atandinj^ till winter ; fog. 

^£i behind ^™'" *"^'^''' * ''"" ' 
[Written alao/offie and Jb'),^.]-Po'. 
(-Is^m). n. Tlie comltlct of a fogy. 




Foil (foQ), V. t, [FoiLBD (foUd) ; Foiuva.] To 
iruatrafce ; to baflOe ; to balk ; to gpoil. — n. Fail- 
ure; miflcarriage; Bword with a blimted poiut,for 
fencing ; track or 
trail of an animal. 

Fdl (foU), n. Leaf 
or thin plate of 


adoma or sets off another to advan- 

metal, eap. bright metal placed under Jewels to 

increase their brilliancy or give them color ; a 

thing which adorns or sets off another to advan- 

tage; leaflike 



Foilt (foist), V. 
To iniaert wrong , ^ „ „ 

fully ; to Interpol**®' ^^^ 

Fbld (fSld), V. L To double; to lap; to lay in 
plaits or folds ; to envelop ; to clasp ; to em- 
brace; to cover.— n. A doubling of a flexible 
substance; times or rejietitions ; — used with 
numerals, chiefly in composition, to denote mul- 
tiplication or increase. — FoU'tr, n. 

Fold (nnd), n. An inclosnre for sheep ; a flock 
(of sheep).— V. I. & i. To collect (sheep) in a 

F01'd6-nl' (fUM^rmO, n. Nonsense. 

FO^-aCO (fS^T-fij), ft. Leaves of trees ; leafage. 
— Foll-ata (-St), V, t. To beat into, or spread 
over with, a thin coat. —a. Leafy. — Fo'li-a'- 
OOOns (-i'shfis), a. Leafy ; like Imves ; having 
leaves intermixed with flowers ; having the form 
of a leaf or plate. — Fo'li-atton (-shfin), n. A 
forming into leaves, or beating (metal) into 
plates ; splitting of rocks into slabs. 

Fol'io (fSl'y* or fSni-*), n. / pi. Folios (-y3z or 
-T-Ss). A sheet of paper once folded ; book made 
of sheets of paper folded once ; page in a book ; 
a certain number of words (in Ekigland 72, in 
New York 100) in a writing. — a. Formed of 
sheets folded cmoe.— >v. t. To page, or num- 
ber (tiie sheets in a book). 

Folk (f9k), FoUa (fSks), n. collect. & pi. People ; 
class of people. 

Folll-olO (f 511T-k*l), n. A simple pod of a pUint 
opening down the inner 
suture; a vessel distended 
with air ; little bag in uiimal 
bodies; a gland. 

Follow (fnift), V. t. & i. 

[FoUiOWBD (-Isd) ; FOLLOW- 

nro.] To go or come after ; 

to pursue; to imitate; to FolUoIe. 

copy ; to embrace; to maintain ; to result. — 

FOllOW-er (-8r), n. 
FOlly (fSllj^), n. Stote of being a fool ; want of 

sense ; levity or derangement of mind ; a foolish 

act; foolery. 
Fo-mont' (fi-m8nt0i v. t. To apply warm lotions 

to ; to promote by excitements ; to encourage ; 

to abet. — Fo^mon-tation (fS^mSn-ti'shttn), n. 

A fomenting ; lotion applied to a dis«ued imrt ; 

instigation ; encouragement. 
Fond (fSnd), a. Foolishly tender and loving ; 

tender; pleased; loving ardently. — Fondly, 

adv.^Fond'ness,n.— Fon'dle (fQnM'l), v. t. To 

treat tenderly ; to caress. — Fon'dUng (f 5n'- 

dlTng), n. One fondled or careesed. 
Font (f Snt), n. A fountain ; spring ; vessel con- 
taining water for baptizing. 
Font (f Snt), h. A complete assortment of printing 

tyi)e of one size. 

Food (food), n. Whatever sustains, nourishaa, 
and augments; sustenance; nutriment; feed; 
fare ; meat. — a. SuitaUe for food. 

Fool (f S51), ». One destitute of reason, or deficient 
in intellect ; simplet(m ; dunce ; idiot ; jester ; 
buffoon.— v. i. [Foolbd (fsaid); FoouMO.] 
To act like a fool ; to trifle ; to toy.— v. t. To 
infatuate ; to make a fool of ; to unpose upon ; 
to cheat. — Fool'lsll (-Tsh), a. Absurd ; unwise ; 

ItATdy (-hi&rMj^),a. Foolishly bold; rash; head- 
long. — Foolliar^di-ness, n. 

Fools'oap' (fo&lz'kftp^), n. Long folio writing 

Foot (f d6t), n. The termmal part of the leg ; part 
below the ankle ; lowest part ; foundation ; ba- 
sis; rank; measure in poetry; measure of 12 
inches in length ; infantry. — v. i. To tread 
to measure or music ; to dance ; to walk. ^ v. 
t. To kick ; to tread ; to sum up (numbers in 
a column); to add a foot to. — Fooflng, n.. 
Ground for the foot ; foundation ; state ; tr«id ; 
summing or sum of a column of figures ; sum 
total of such a column ; a putting a foot to any- 
thing; thing added as a foot. — Foot 'ball' 
(-b{(F), n. An inflated ball ; sport of kicking 
the football. — Footlwy (-boiA, n. A page. 
— Fobtntaldge' (-brTjO, n. A bridge for foot 
passengers. — Footffair (-fftl')j n. A footstep, 
or its sound. — FootlLOld' (-hSldOt n. A hold- 
ing with the feet ; firm standing ; footing. — 
FootOigllV (-Uf ), n. One of a row of lights be- 
fore the stage in a theater, etc. — FoofUum 
(-man), n. A soldier who fights on foot ; male 
servant who attends the door, carriage, table, 
etc. — Foofmark' (-mSrkOt n. A footprint ; 
track. — Foot'nOtO' (-nSt')) n. A note of refer- 
ence at the foot of a page. — Foofted' (-pSd'), 
n. A highwayman; robber. — Toot'pilnt' 
(-prTnf), n. A trace ; footmark. — Foofltop' 
(-stfijy), n. A footprint ; token ; mark. — Foot'- 
Stoor (-stooV)f n. A stool for the feet — Foot'- 
aoro' (-s5r'), a. Having sore feet, as from much 
walking. — By foot, (m loot By walking. — 
Foot and month disease. A contagious dis- 
ease of cattle, sheep, swine, etc., with ulceration 
of the mouth and hoofs. — Under fOOt Pros- 
trate; at one*s mercy. 

Tm ( f9p ), n. A coxcomb ; dandy. — Fopling 
(f Spring), n. A petty f op. — Fop'per-y (-p8r- 
f)f n. fiehavior, manners, or dress, of a fop ; 
unpertinence ; foolery. — Fop'Vlsk (-pTsh), a. 
Foplike; affected in manners.— FOV'piaA-ly, 
adv. — Fop'pisk-ness, n. 

Far (fdr), prep. In the place of ; instead of ; be- 
cause of ; concerning ; toward ; during, '—eonj. 
Because ; since. 

For'age (fSr'&j), n. Act of providing food ; food 
for horses and cattle, as grass, pasture, hay, 
com, etc. ^ V. i. [Foragbd (-ajd) ; FoBAams.] 
To search for food ; to ravage ; to feed on spoil. 
— For'a-gor (-aj-er), n. 

For^as-mnw' (fdr'Sz-mtichO, eor^. In considera- 
tion of ; because that. 

Tar'tLJ (f 5rr& or f$-raOi n. A pillaging excursion ; 
a raid. 

For-lMde' (fSr-bSd'), imp. of Fobbid. 

For-lieax' (fSr-bfirO, v. t. & t, limp. Fobborb 
(-bOr'), Obs. FoBBABB (-bftr^ ; p> p. Fobborns 

ft, e, 1, 5, a, long ; ft, «, I, ft, O, j^, aliort ; ienAte, «vamt, tdea;, 6bey, ftnite, oikn, iinn, Aak» all, fiiM^ 




(-bSmO i FoBBBABiNe.] To cease ; to abstain ; 
to delay. — For-bear'anco (-ana), n. A f orbeai^ 
ing; patience; lenity; mildness. 

For^ldr (£5r-bTdO, v. t. limp. Forbadb (-bSd') ; 
p. p. FoRBiDDBM (-bld'd'n), Obs. Forbid ; For- 
BiDDmo.] To command not to do ; to oppose ; 
to prohibit; to hinder.— 1>. ». To prevent.— 
For-bid'dlll^i a- Repulsive ; disagreeable. 

Force (f^rs), n. Strength ; energy ; stress ; pow- 
er ; violence ; constraint ; validity ; compulsion ; 
body of comlNktants; armament prepared for 
action.— v.^ [Forckd (f5rst) ; Forcino.] To 
compel ; to oblige ; to drive ; topress ; to ravish. 

— For'ol-ble (fSr'sT-b'l), o. Having or mani- 
festing force ; potent ; weighty. — For'ol-bly, 
adv. — For'cl-Ud-noss, n. 

Foroe'moat (fors'met), n. Meat chopped fine 

and seasoned, used as a stuffing. 
For'ceps (fdi'sSps), ». A surgeon's pincers or 

Ford (f Srd), n. A shallow place where water may 

be passed through on foot. — v. t. To pass 

through by wading. — Ford'a-ble (-Arb*l), a. 
Ton (f5r), a. Coming or gohig first ; antecedent. 

•^adv. Before; in advance; in the forepart. 

— n. The front ; future. — Fore and aft From 
stem to stem ; lengthwise of a vessel. 

Fore-arm' (f 5r-Srm')} v. t To arm for attack or 
resistance before the time of' need. 

Fore'anil' (fSr^ilrmO* n. That part of the arm 
between elbow and wrist. 

Fore-bode' (fSr-bSd'), v. t. & i. To foretell; to 
augur ; to prognosticate ; to presage. — Fore- 
bod'tng) n. Expectation of misfortune ; an ap- 

Fore-oaaf (fSr-k&st')* v, t, & %. To contrive be- 
forehand ; to project ; to foresee. — Foi^caat' 
(f Sr'k&st'), n. Previous contrivance ; foresight. 

Fcrre'oaa^tle (fSr'kSs^ 1 ; among sailors f^k's^), 
n. The forward part of a ship, below the deck, 
where the sailors live. 

Fore-Olose' (fSr-klSz'), v. U To shut up or out ; 
to preclude; to stop; to bar; to exclude. — 
Fore-Olo'Slire (-kl5'zh6r), n. Act or process of 
foreclosing ; deprivation of a mortgager of the 
right of rmeemmg a mortgaged estate. 

Forefa'ther (f Sr'f&^tiiSr), n. An ancestor. 

Fore-fend' (f 5r-f 6nd'), v, i. To feud off ; to avert ; 
to defend ; to secure. 

Forefln'ger (fSrTTn'gSr), n. The finger next the 
thumb ; index finger. 

Forefoot' (f oKfAf), n. One of the anterior feet 
of an animal ; timber terminating a ship's keel 
at the fore end, connecting it with the stem. 

Fore'front (f 5r'frlint), n. Foremost part or place. 

Fore-go' (f5r-g5'), v. L [Forkwbnt ; Forkoonx.] 
To quit; to relinquish; to renounce; to precede. 

Fore'gronnd' (fSr'groundOt n. That part of a 
picture which seems nearest the spectator. 

Fore'hand'ed (fSr'hSnd'fid), a. Early; timely; 
in easy circumstances. 

Fore'liead (fSr'Sd), ». The upper part of the 
face ; the brow. 

For'elgn (f 5rTn), a. Not native ; alien ; not per- 
tinent, appropriate, or agreeable ; remote ; ex- 
trinsic. — ror'eign-«r (-er), n. One belonging 
to a foreign country ; an alien. 

Fore-knoir (fSr-nS'), v. t. \imp. FoRBKNXw 
(-nu') ; p. />. FORSKNOWK (-nSn') ; Forkknow- 
xiTO.] To have previous knowledge of ; to know 
beforehand. — Fore-knowl'edge (-n51'6j), n. 

Knowledge of a thing before it happens ; pr^ 

Fore'land' (fSr'lSnd'), n. A promontory ; a cape ; 
a headland. 

Fore'lOOk' (fSr'lSkO, n. A lock of hair on the 

Fore'man (fSr'man), n. The first or chief man 
(of a jury, set of hands in a shop, etc.) ; over- 

Fore'masf (fSr'm&sf ), n. The forward mast of a 

Fore'most' (fSr'mSsf), a. First in place ; chief 
in rank or dignity. 

Fore'noon' (fSr'nSon'), n. The first half of the 
day ; time from morning till meridian or noon. 

Fo-ren'slo (fi-rfin'sTk), a. Belonging to courts oi 
law; argumentative. 

Fore'or-dun' (f Sr^dr-dSnO, v. /. To ordain or ap- 
point beforehand ; to predestinate ; to predeter- 
mine. — Fore-or'di-nation (-dr'dT-na'shiin), n. 
Previous ordination or appointment; predeter- 
mination; predestination. 

TtBn^TfKtV (f Sr'part/), n. The part most advanced, 
or &rst in time or in place ; the beginning. 

Fore-mn' (for-rfin'), v. t, [imp, Fobkran ; p. p, 
Forbruk ; p. or. Forbbunnino.] To run be- 
fore ; to precede ; to announce. — Fore-mn'ner 
(for-rfin'nSr or fSr'rtin'-), n. A messenger sent 
before ; a harbinger ; a prognostic. 

Fore'sall^ (fSr'sSl^ or fSr's'l), n. A saQ extended 
on the yard supported by the foremast ; also, the 
first triangular sail before the mast of a sloop. 

Fore-see' (f5r-se'), v. t. [imp. FoRBSAW (-sftQ ; 
p. p. FoRESBBN (-sen') ; p. pr, Fobbsbxino.] To 
see beforehand ; to foreknow. 

Fore-idiad'ow (f5r-sh8d'i), v. t. To shadow or 
typify beforehand ; to prefigure. 

Fore-snort'en (fSr-shdrf 'n), v. /. To shorten by 
drawing in perspective; to represent as seen 

Fore-snow' (fSr-shSO, v. t, limp, FoRBSHOWBD 
(-sh5d'); p. p. FoRBSHOWN ^■«h5n'j; p. pr, 
FoRBSHOWiHG. J To show or exhibit beforenand ; 
to prognosticate ; to foreteU. 

Fore'sll^t (fSr'sif), n. Act or power of fore- 
seeing ; prescience ; forethought ; any reading 
of a surveyor's leveling staff, except the back- 

Fore'skin (fSr'skTn), n. Skin that oovera the 
glans penis ; prepuce. 

For'est (fSr'Sst), n. An extensive wood. — For'- 
est-er, n. An inhabitant, or one in charge, of 
a forest. ~ For'est-ry (-r^)f n. Cultivation of 
forests ; care of growing timber. 

Fore-Stall' (f5r-stftl'), v. t. To take beforehand ; 
to anticipate; to preoccupy; to exclude. — 
Fore-stall'er, n. 

Foretaste' (fSr'tSsf), n. A taste beforehand; 
anticipation. — Fore-tasto' (fSr-tasf), v, t. To 
anticipate ; to taste before another. 

Fore-tell' (fSr-tSl^), v. t, [Fobbtold (-t51d'), 
FoRXTBLLmo.l To predict; to augur. — v. i. 
To utter prophecy. — Fore-tell'er, n. 

Foretkoncnt' (f Sr'thftf ), n. Anticipation ; pre- 
meditation: provident care ; forecast. 

Fore-to'ken (fSr-to'k'n), v. t. To foreshow. — 
Foreto'ken (fSr'tS'k'n), n. A prognostic; a 
previous sign. 

Fore' tooth' (f Sr' t5oth'). One of the teeth in the 
forepart of the mouth ; an incisor. 

Foretop' (f Sr'tSp'), n. The hair on the forepart 

XSzn, rectfot, 6rb, r^de, fyil, fim, ftfbd, fdbt, out, oU, obair, 80| ainVt inkf tlien, tbia* 
H. B. DioW '^ 



r-4-b']), n. Liable tot 

(-rr-tBr), n. AfDrfalti 

Pn-fiv*' ItBt-givO, (mj 

PM(e (RirJ), n. Apliw* 

(tSiid); VoBalaa ' 
(rar^).] To form 

mednE ; to Ibi^a ; ^ 

UhI; ; to hbriinite ! ■ 

To eommlt 'orE«TJ 9 

■lowly, H ft llUp. — 3 
FnlW (fSfJSO, H. 1 
Oii8 who foi^a or 'I 
fDnna; on* cnlltr B 
ol torgsrj.—^ot'- ■" 

forguifft ffebrlcfttinf , 
or ptodudnE blMlr ; < 
tbiiiff forced. 


Fn-iM'-iBO-niiV (ffir-gi 
beuing k blua Oowh, I 

rn-ilTf ' ((Sr-glvn, e. (. 
FoRSivui (-gV'n); I 

doD. — ftS'fl'ihllt, a 

adv. — rm-tlTTiig-Mi 
rnr-nt', Fur-nttni. p. 
Fark (ffiik), n. Ad b» 

ISO,] To aWde Into 

TW-IOni' (far-Kro'), o. 

lora hoij. A b^ ol 

:e attended w] 

fonn (IDnD), n, Bhiipe 
A pattern ; a modal ; a i 
[Fouuu> (I8nnd) i Fob 

prm^il)," Belongl 

■1-lim j-Ti'm), n. Qu 
Folm'atUt, n. One i 

CtS'lance with eSJ 
tlooiultf ; vtabliehod ' _. . 



Pot-mtJan (-mi'difli). n. a gi>ing torm oi 

of troopo, Ja HuaiBi column, etc — iSmn'- 
a-tlTS Ifflrm't-tVi). 3. eiTlng torm i plaiCic ; 

— ^onniMi, 1 

tm'sua (fSr'mSr), a. emnpar. Frecedini In 
tlmoipravioua; preceding; forBfloEn^. — For'- 
iaMT-iT,adp. Intimepatt; of old; beretofoia. 

FantHiMt (lefniT-di-b'l), a. Kieiting fan 
or approhonalan ; tanible ; honiUa [ tnmen- 
doui.— Ftrnl-da-UT, adn. 

Fvm'lM*, a. See under f oui, «. 

Fartttt-la (fer'mA-ll), n. A preHribed or ist 


(ter^I-Ut), V. t. To biira unUwIul 

ir«. — Portil-M'tor (-M'tfc), n. 

~~ '-kS'ebUn), n. l^wdnau ot 

J. 1. Ump. FoBsooI i-M66>i') ; 
/'n];I^Ea«niB.] to quit; 

LV), ndu! In truth iTOiy wall; 

•fir'), V. I. & t. [imp. rax- 
Foaewour (-swBm'fi Fom- 

ror^WtU' (Kr-r 

HUBS,] Tore 

joly ; to oonunll pMtupy. 

((Grt),f>. Arordfledplaoe;fartreu;iiHtla. 

Foito (tlht), n. The itrong point ; that In which 

llFBI^<(8r^ti>rtSi:^t),adi>. Loudlj ; (tiongly j 

Foitlt (fflrth), fflfc. Forward; onwnrdioiitfrom; 

nwaj; abroad.— Pwth'-OOBl'lllt (-kdm'Ing), 

C ranee.— Porth-lrith' 1-wtth' or -wTSi'), (Bi«? 
nadiately ; without delay ; diractlj. 
_OPTl-Mll.a. Bee under FoHTT. 
PW^-lT (ffir^I-fi). f . *. [Foamisn (-nd) ; FoB- 
— Trao.] ToRtTflUftthen; toBecuTeoyfortB,bikt> 
iea, ate — Fra^-fl-utlaB (-JT-ldi'ihDn), n. 
llUrv aiehltactnre ; a datanMva work i ■ lor- 

-Ui^Sno (fSt-tta'ie-mt or tSi^Ia'ilHst), 

Fn'tl-tlldl (f6r'tT-t11d), n. Faa^Te connge ; rai- 

For^-Ut* (-ta-nat: 

Fn'tn-iuto-^, iitv. — Fntnii* hmitai- A 
1 1 untta, anot, IdM, aimr, Bntt^ oftn, Una, bk, Kll, anal, 




vuax who seeks to marry a wealthy woman, to 
enrich himself. — Fortnne toUtr. One who 
tells future events of one^s life. — Furtune 
telling. The foretelling events in the life of 

For'ty (fdr't^), a. Four times ten.i»n. The 
sum of forty units ; a symbol expressing forty 
units, as 40 or xL — Foj/ti-eth (-tT-Sth), a. 
Following the thirty-ninth ; constituting one of 
forty equal parts into which a thing is cUvided. 

Fo'llim (f o'riun), n. A public pla^ in Some ; 
a tribunal ; a court. 

For'ward (fdr'werd), FOr'wardB (-wSrdz), adv. 
In. front ; onward ; in advance ; progressively. 
— For'ward, a. Near or at the fore part; 
prompt ; willing ; strongly inclined ; eager ; 
over ready; less reserved or modest thiui is 
proper; bold; preeocious; presumptuous. ^ v. 
t To help onward ; to advance ; to promote ; 
to send forward; to transmit.— Fox^ard-er, 
n. — For'ward-ly, adv. Eagerly ; hastUy ; ob- 
trusively ; unpudently. — FOT'ward-neBB, ». 

FOSM (f 5s), n. A ditch ; a moat. 

Fos'sll (f m/sT1), a. Dug out of the earth ; petri- 
fied. ^ n. A substance dug from the earth ; a 
petrified form of a plant or animal ; a person 
whose ideas are extremely antiquated. — Fos'- 
idl-if'ar-OlU (-Tf 'Sr-iU), a. Containing fossil re- 
mains. — FoB'sli-ist (-Tst), n. A student of fos- 
sils; a paleontologist. — Fos'8il-izo (-iz), v, t. 
To convert into a petrifaction. ^ v. t. To be- 
come antiquated, rigid, or fixed. 

FOB^ar (f Sa'ter}, v. L [Fobtbred (-tSrd) ; Fostkb- 
iNO.] To feed ; to nourish ; to rear ; to cherish ; 
to encourage ; to stimulate. — F08'tar-er, n. — 
Fos'tar-agd (-fij), n. Charge of nursing a child. 
—Foster brother, sister, ohlld, father, moth- 
er, parent, son. One not related by blood, but 
otherwise holding the place of sister, child, etc. 

Fonght (f ftt), imp. & p. p. of Fight. 

Foni (foul), a. Coverea with or containing ex- 
traneous matter which is injurious, noxious, or 
offensive; defiled; impure; not fair; stormy; 
hateful ; unpropitious ; unfair ; dishonest ; 
cheating. ^- v. t. To make filthy ; to defile ; to 
bring into collision with something that im- 
pedes motion. ^ v. i. To become entangled or 
dogged. ^ n. An entanglement ; a collision ; 
an miproper stroke of the ball, etc., in certain 
games. —Foully, adv. — Fonl'ness, n. 

DFon^lard' (F. foo^l&r' ; B. foo-lSrdO, n. A thin, 
washable fabric of silk, or silk ana cotton. 

Found (found^, imp. & p. p. of Find. 

Fonnd (found), v. t. To fix upon a basis ; to estab- 
lish firmly ; to base ; to ground ; to build ; to 
institute. — Fonnd'er, n. — Fonn-da'tion (foun- 
da'shfin), n. Establishment ; settlement ; basis ; 
bottom; support; endowment. 

Fonnd (found), V. t. To form by me^Jting metal, 
and pouring it into a mold ; to cast. — Found'- 

er, n. — Fonnd'ry (-ry), Fonnd'er-y (-er-y), n. 

A casting metals ; place where metals are cast. 

Fonnd'er, n. See under Found, to fix, aito to 
form by melting. 

Fonnd'er (found'er), v. i. [Foundbbsd (-Srd); 
FouNDKBiNG.] To fill with wator, and sink, as 
a ship ; to f ul ; to miscarry ; to stumble and go 
lame, as a horse. ^ v. /. To make (a horse) 
lame. ^n. Inflammation and lameness in a 
horse's foot ; inflammatory fever or rheumatism 
in the body. 

Fonnd'er-7, ». See under Found, to focm by 

Fonndlug (foundlTng), n. A child found with- 
out a iMurent or owner. 

Found^, ». See under Found, to form by 

Fonnt (fount), n. A font of type. 

Fount (fount), Fonn^taJn (foun'tTn), n. A spring 
natural source, or stream of water ; jet ; origin. 

— Fountain head. Primary source ; original. 
Fonr (fSr), a. One more than three ; twice two. 

^ n. Sum of four units ; symbol representing 
four units, as 4 or iv. — Fonr'fold^ (-fold'^, a. 
Quadruple; four times told.^n. Four times 
as much. — Fonrfoot'ed (-fddt'Sd), a. Having 
four feet ; quadruped. — "Fwu^WQXmf ( - skor ' ), 
a. Four tunes twenty; eighty. ^n. Eighty 
units. — Fonr'sanare' (-skw&rO* a. Having 
four sides and four equal angles ; quadrangular. 
—Fourth (fSrth), a. Next following the third 
and preceding the fifth ; forming one of four 
equal parts into which a thing is divided, ^n. 
One of four equal parts of a thing ; a quarter. 

— Fourthly, adv. In the fourth place. 
Fourteen^ (nIr'tSn'), n. The sum of ten and 

four ; a symbol representing this number, as 14 
or xiv. ^a. Four and ten more ; twice seven. 

— Fourteenth' (-tenthO» a. Succeeding the 
thirteenth and preceding the fifteenth ; form- 
ing one of fourteen parts into which a thing is 
divided, ^n. One of fourteen equal parts of a 

Fourtn, etc. See under Foub, o. 

Fowl (foul), n. A winged animal ; bird ; cock or 
hen.— 17. i. To catch or kill wild f owL — 
Fowl'er (-8r), n. A sportsman who pursues or 
kills birds. — Fowling pleoe. A light gun for 
shooting birds or small game. 

Fez (flfts), n. A. carnivorous doglike animal, 

European Fez. 

remarkable for its cunning ; the thrasher shark 
or sea fox ; a cunning fellow ; rope yam twisted 
and tarred, ^v. t. [Fozsd (f^t) ; Foxing.] 
To cover (feet of boots) with new leather. — 
Fozed (fSkst), a. Stained (timber, or paper in 
books or engravings); repaired by foxing. — 
Foz^ irf), a. Pertaming to foxes ; wily ; of a 
reddUh-orown color. 

IIFoy'er' (fwA^yft')* »• A lobby in a theater ; a 
crucible in a furnace. 

Fta'oas (fra'kos; F. fr&'kS'), n. An uproar; 
a noisy quarrel. 

Fraction (f rSk'shttn), n. A portion ; fragment ; 
an aliquot part of a unit or whole number. — 
Fraction-al, a. Pertaining to, or constituting, 
a fraction. 

FraotlOUS (frSk'shlis), a. Apt to quarrel or 
fret ; peevish ; cross ; pettish. — Frao'tlons-ly, 

adv. — Fraotlons-nesa, n. 

Fraoture (frSk'ttir), n. A snapping asunder; 

rupture ; breaking of a bone. ^ v, i. To break ; 

to crack. 
Frag'lle (frSj'Tl), a. Easily broken; brittle; 

mcneooay. iTBg^ue ^iraj'ii), a. isasiiy orosen; onixie; 

26rn, recent, drb, r||de, fyll, ftm, food, f«A>t, out, oil, diair, §;o, sinst i||k, theD| tUlL 




An upright Frame. 
db UpnghtB or Potts ; 
ed ea Stnita, Tie*, or 
Braces ; bb Crosspiece 
or Girder. 

BrittleneBs; frailty. 

Ttt^tmoA (Ir8g^n«nt), n. A part broken off ; 
a smidL detached portion. — Frtg'lllttl-ta-ry 
(•mBn-ti-xy), a. Gompooed of fragments ; not 

Frt'grant (flagrant), a. Sweet of smell ; odor- 
oos; aromttbu:. — rim'fTint-ly, adv. — Fn'- 
nanoa (-grans), Fn'gnui-«7 (-gran-sj^), n. 
Quality of being fragrant. 

Rvll (f ria)t <>• Easily broken ; weak ; infirm ; 
unchaste. — Fxmll'neM, n.— Fxmllty (-t][)in. 
Frailness ; fault arising from weakness ; liabil- 
ity to be deceived or sauced. 

Fnil (frSl), n. A basket made of rushes ; quan- 
tity of raisins (from 32 to 75 pounds) contained 
hi such a basket ; a rush for weaving baskets. 

RmiO (fram), v. t To construct ; to fabricate ; 
to make ; to devise ; to shape ; to conform ; to 
put (a picture) into a A[ 
frame. ^ n. A thinf 
composed of parts fitted 
together ; fabric ; struc- 
ture ; bodily structure ; 
make or build of a per- 
son; skeleton; system; 
condition ; humor. — 

Ftim'ar, n. — Frame'- 
WOXfc' (-wftrk/)» ». A 
framing or frame ; basis ; 
work done imafnuneor 

Frano (frSnk), ». A French silver coin, worth 
about nbneteen cents. 

Fran^OlllM (frSn'chTz or -chiz), n. A privilege ; 
inmnmity ; right to vote ; asylum or sanctuary. 
^v. t. To make free. — nan^olilae-iiia&t 
(-chTz-m«nt), n. Release ; freedom. 

FnUL'gl-ble (frSn'jT-b'l), a. Capable of being 
broken; brittle; fragile. — nwi'ffl-bil'i-ti 
(-bni-^), n, 

nrank (frank), a. Free ; not reserved ; candid ; 
plain; open; sincere.— v. /. [Fbamkbd 
(frSmkt) ; Frankino.] To send by public con- 
veyuice free of expense ; to exempt from charge 
for postage. — n. A signature of a person pos- 
sessing the privilege of sending letters, etc., 
free.— Fnmxly, fiMfv.— Frank'ness, n. 

Ftank (frSnk), n. One of the German tribes who 
in the 5th century established the kingdom of 
France ; a European. 

Frank'ln-oenae (frSnk^n-sSns), n. A dry resin, 
used as a perfume and for medicinal fumiga- 

nwatlo (frSn'tTk), a. Mad; raving; noisy; 
wild. — Fnin'tlo-ly, adv. — Fran'tlo-iiMS, n. 

Rm-ter'Aal (fr&-t2r'nal), a. Pertaining to, or be- 
coming, brothers ; brotherly. — Fra-tor'lial-ly, 
adv. — Fra-ter'ni-ty (-nt-ty), n. state or qual- 
ity of being fraternal ; brotherhood ; a body of 
men associated for common interest, business, 
or pleasure. — Fra^ter-nlze (frS'tSr-niz or irW- 
Sr-), V. i. To associate as brothers. — Fra^tOT- 
nl-zatlOB (-nT-za'shiin), n. A fraternizing. 

ftafH-Oide (frSt'rT-sId), n. Murder, also the 
murderer, of a brother. — Frat'rl-ol'dal (-si^- 
dal), a. Pertaining to, or involving, fratricide. 

Arand (fr^d), n. Deception; deceit > guile; 
trick ; cheat ; fraudulent procedure ; breach of 
trust. — Frand^n-ltnt ( f r^^i ' fi-lent ), a. De- 
ceitful ; trickish ; unfair ; treacherous. — 

Fraiid'n-laLt-ly, adv. -Fraiid1i-l«iioo (-l«ns), 

Fraiia'n-laii-ey (-len-sj^), n. 
Francllt (fnit), a. Freighted; laden; filled; 

full: stored. 
Fray (frS), n. An affray ; a broil ; a contest.— 

V. i. To frighten ; to terrify. 
Fray (frS), v. /. & i. [Fbaysd (frSd) ; Fbatiko.] 

To rub ; to wear off ; to fret ; to raveL^n. A 

fret, chafe, or worn place in cloth. 
Fnak (frSk), n. A sudden, causeless change of 

the mind ; a whim ; a caprice, —v. t. [FbbIksd 

(frSkt) ; Fbbakiko.] To variegate ; to checker. 

— FrMJc'lab, a. Whimsical; capricious. — 

Fnaklsh-ly, adv. — FnaklaH-ness, n. 
nr60'kle(frSk'k'l), n. A spot of a yellowish color 

in the skin ; a small discoloration. — v. /. & i. 

To color with freckles; to spot. — Fnolcly 

(-kl|^), a. Full of freckles or spots. 
Free (f re), a. Not under restraint or compulsion ; 

at liberty; candid; liberal; frank; lavish; 

licentious. ^. U [Freed (f r&i) ; Fbebino (f rS'- 

Ing).] To make free ; to release ; to disenet^ ; 

to clear.— Fnely, adv.— Free'iiess, n.— Fr»t'- 

dom (-dlim), n. Exemption from control ; lil^ 
erty; familiarity. — FroenbOOt'ttT (-bSofSr), n. 
A robber ; a pillager. — FreeHbOXIl' (-bdmO, a. 
Bom free ; inheriting liberty. — Freed'mail 
(fred'mon), n. One bom a slave, and freed. — 
Free'llCfld^ (fre^SldO, n. An estate of inher- 
itance or for life, or the tenure by which it is 
held. — Froo^old'er (-hSid'Sr), n. — Free'inan 
(-man), n. One who enjoys liberty ; one en- 
titled to privileges of citizenship. — Freo gOOdS. 
Goods admitted to a country free of duty. — 
Ftm port A port where goods maybe received 
and smpped without paying customs duties, or 
where goods are received from all nations at the 
same rates of duty. — FXM BOlLOOL A scho<d 
where all pupils are admitted on an equal foot- 
ing ; a public school, or school where there is 
no charge for tuition. — Ftm sUps. Ships of 
neutral nations, which are free from capture in 
timeof war.— rree states. Those of the 
United States in which slavery did not exist 
before the Civil War. —Free Stnft Timber 
free from knots ; clear stuff. — Free trado. 
Commerce unrestricted by duties or tariff regu- 

Freelna'san (f rS'maVn), n. One of an ancient 
and secret association, composed of persons 
united for social enjoyment and mutual assist- 
ance. — Freelna'san-ry (-mS^s'n-rj^), n. Insti- 
tutions or practices of ireemasons. 

Free'stene' (fre'stSn'), n. A stone composed of 
sand, and easily wrought. 

FreetUnk^er (fre'thtnk^Sr), n. One who dis- 
cards revelation. — Aee^tmnk'ing, a. Exhib- 
iting undue boldness of speculation ; skepticaL 
^n. Unbelief. 

Free'Will' (fre'wTV), a. Spontaneous; volun- 

Freeze (frez), v. t, & i. limp. Fbozb (frSz) ; p. 
p. Frozen (fr5'z*n) ; Fbbezino.] To congeal 
with cold ; to chill. ^ n. A congealing. — 
Freez'er, n. — Freezing point That degree 
of a thermometer at which a fluid begins to 
freeze, which, for water, is 309 of Fahruiheit's 

Freight (frat), n. Lading (of a ship, car, etc.) ; 
cargo ; price for transportation of merchandise. 
^v. /. To load (a ship, etc.) with goods. — 

fi, e, 1, 5, a, long i ft, 6, i, tf , O, yi abort ; senftte, ^vent, tdea, 6bey, tinite, cftre, ftrm, ask, f^, flnoli 

TnigkVu, n. - FnKHt'ui (-(]), »■ 
for lruupt^tat[Dn ; cargo \ UdlQg. 
Fnmuli (french), a. Pertiui ' 


Ongere. — f.t, Ta : 

g liiiH on olotnl — 

„ -n. Prt'«-lll»(M'*-bn).n. Es^ cr 

the peopl«. oi Fnmce. — Tetlud.— Fll'a-bl«l*u, Fll'I 

mUHl or put 


nolent Agitation of 

PlUrUa f(rlt/b1), a. FrlToloiu; triaing; till;. 

la rWirtil), 

lo'u-iW (frlk'uHi'), n. 

PllOlllBl (trUt'shiln), n. 

ogBlnBt ooother ; attritiDi 
Pri'day (fri'dK), n. Tlie si 
FrlMUl (Mnd), n. One rt 


nvanukt (fre-iirfflit), a. Ollan done or hip- motwi a Qialwr. — FrtBnilM*. a, 

rningi habitual ; perriBtont. — Fib ' BMB - oy of friends; forloni. — FilBn41y I-IS) 
Hwca-nf), n. Condition of returning fn- cable ; kind ; laTorable. — FlKnd^-: 
quenti; ; EOnrtant occucrBncB. — FlO'inOlt-ly. FllSnl'lUl, n. Attachment to 
otfc— Pre-JMUt' Ifrt-kwanf), V. I. To »iait frionilljr relation ; Inlimaoj'. 
often; to reaort to habitually. — Pre-flnOlt'M, j !M»M ('res w frill, "- A coaree wo 
n. — Prs'aiien-Utlon ( frS'kwin-iS'BhBn ), n. with nap on one lide. — v. 1. To loi 
HabiC ot f renuenting ; resort. — Fre-BllMlf «- 1 (cloth). 
tlT»(-tirtnl/i-tYy),a, ttipiednluK ttequeul rep- ™™ (i^), «._ Th6_ent 

preaie« frequent repetition, 
rtta/ta (frSs^), n. A painting on frenhlvplHS- 

lered mlla. — v. I. [Psncouj (-ked)i Fbb- 

OOIHO.I To paint in freBcc. 
nwb (fi«ah), a. Fosaeseed at original life and 

tIootj new and atrong ; recently piade or ob- 

t^ned; taw; greeu; untried; eool; briak; 

not ult. ^n. A pool or Bpriuj of freih water \ 

■ ftrahel. — Fusily, orfp. — PiBili'iitis.n 

PmS'MI (fr*sh"n), B, (. To make freih;to 

iar),a. . 

tHr»l),B. (. [fWr.ii; 1 

Fnt^ i-fvl), a- DiBpo»ed to fret ; i 

croia. - FrM'tQl-ly, ndt. - PiMlnl-ni 

Frrt (frSt), tJ. t To ornament with raiee 

todiieralfy.— n. 

Tlil'aU (f rlg^), H^ A'^pof war, larger Ui 
Ik ilDop of war, imd leu (hu > iliip ot (ba Us 

Killing FrlgaU (UUO-IMO). 

todlimay; to daunt.— Pilghfwi (frifoj.o. 1. 
Totright.— FrUWlnK-fijl^, o. Terrible : fear- 
,....__..., ■- -; Bhocking.— Prtjhtlnl-Iy, 

b > a i n g. — PtM'- ^"^^i^ hrf^^^ impotant. - Filt^d-ly, fdv. — Pil«'ii-nta», 
wnt {-wllrk'), n. <j,„i, Fn..|. I Fri-rli'l-W (frl-JId'l-tf), n. — Prig'o-ririO 

k adorned with 

Prrt'tj r- 

doraeS ^ 

guitar, etc-, to guide the portion of I IFri'Hmi' ' 
(, ftrb, rude, (yU, firn, ftfM, f (n>I, o 

\ [Fbillid C'tltl) t FaiLUBa.l To 

i Prtal* {frlnJV^n. A trimming corn 

; I (lrInJdV:'pRrao™i,VTobS'Ki^r'i 
i tiWiai (frtp-pSr-n, n. Old clo' 

(IrViKiO, IL A halrdrei 

ton gaj'stjr. — FiUk'T 
'. — TrUikfl- 

To bat 

Mlk (f rlik), 

(-((.fl. FtolicMmsi g»Y.-*ft 
Mt (liU), n. Material of which 
iitt«r buli^T but b«1ar« rualoiL^ 
(IDltfiJiAl for itUh) prfiparatorv to maltloff. 
rrith (Irltli), n. A umw i. ' "- 

PrtfS«T(iIt^f ). »■ A puna 
a rngmQDt ; sbred ; smaU pit 
or bnak Into aiDall pLecea i 
Mttn (waj. To dlmiiilih ; 

IW^l»B»"((rTT'(-lll«), o. 
wcrth or ,n,x™,«.t.. 

kB of fried batter; 
r fragmenta. — To 

Of little weight, 
Pll-»ol1-S (tri- 
al or form (h^) 

■lCT(-ilii),n.— mi^r, a. Griified i crimpy, 
rro (IrSl, oijc. From i awaji back I backward. 
Frsok IfrBliJ, 1. Outer garment ; gown. ~ Frwk 

out A bod]' coat tor men, hmuiIIjf ' " 

loatlwitrfKigii''' Bati™d Fng. 

mils (frSlTk), s, Fullofpnnki; garimenr. 

merry-making.' — 1'.«. [laoucim (-Ikt) ; Fsoi^ 
ICUHO.] To play Iricka of roirth and gaiety; to 
■port. — Aal'lD-Hm»(-aQin),a. Full or mlrtb ; 
iportlTe. — rnllo- — 
Fias (f rBm), prtp. 

(fr^nd), n. ThB 

and leavH la 

DM (frUn-daB'sm 

ig into feaf . — Tl 

to itand oppoHite, or or 


^ti- A front piece i thing worn on tbe fore 

bead or face i pediment over a amall dooi oi 

FnmtUr (frBntSF), n. Part ol a country wbicl 
tronta or facet another country i tbe brmler.— 
0. l^lngonOfeBsiteriorpari; bordering { oen 

Tnmfla-plMM (trSntlB-pe^), n. A piclure front 
iug tbe flrat page of a book- 

Tnntad. n. Bee under Fbost, n. 

Fn>»t'i-lr,'*ir, —fnnvl-atn,n. — Proitl 

Ing cake, puddlnge, etc. — ProBtTrits' (-bi 

eipoture to cold. — v, I. TDbUi;ht or nip « 
(roeL — rreitfllll', n. The tomcod, can 
~ ■■ " Hngiand « 

ibbaid flab at 

ibblei collected on Uquidi ; 

-- ■- -' -. unBubalantial 


FToUil-nsu, B. 

niuatj-i I 

Trvmxi-ata, n. 

■lantial. — FntU'l-lT, adv. 
nonlT (trou'iyi, a. Fetid 
PWwiW ((riywSrd), o. Per 

untoward ; waywafd : refi 

Fn'mrt-lT. -^- 

enlng looki. — n. A wrinkli 
rebnlie, Menmeu, eta. ; it Kt 
of diapleaaore. 
TKinj (trou'r*), a. Frouij ; blowij. 
Fmm (M-I'n), a. Subject to froat ; cbillj, 
Rmo^-lT (trUtl-K). v. I. To make (rultlul ; to 
lertilize.— tr. t— FTUO'tl-H.Wl'- 
thm (-fl-ki'DbUn). n. Act of fructifying ; parte 
of a plant wblch compoee the flower and fruit i 

ou C-tTf^r-Ba), a. ^Producing fruit. 

Frn'i»l ((rn'gol), a. Economfca] in nae of »• 
•ourcee; epating; eavlng— Prn'Ml-lJ, odr.— 
FTD-fU'l-^ {frv-gEI^-tfl, n. Prudent econ- 
omy ; good ikuabandry or bouaewifery. 

FrB-(li'«r-oiia(lrij-jl('3r-tU),a, Fioduclng f nilt ! 
fnntfuL — ftB-glt'(Hira»{-jI>'»-rBa),n. Foed- 

rrut (fri^). n. Produce of tbe eartb, ot planta, 

IMI7 (friit"!), S*' Ha'v'me th'e^dS?!'u^or 
appearance of fnill ; Irultlul, — Frulfus l-tj), 
n. Fruit, coUectiTBly.—Prnlfir-»r(-S-«r),». 
One who dealt bi fruit. — Prult'»r-r(*"' " 
Fruit, collectkely ; a repoailory for Ir 
PmlWnl l-ful), a. FuU of fruit : fertile 
llflc ; plentiful ; rich ; abundant. — Prt 

It, Ddo. — Fnnrna-uMfc n. -pmiiit 


ftontrt (IrSn'tal), a. Belonging to tbe Ir 

1, S,1, 5, n,laiic i ft, «, 1, 0, 0, f , thort 1 MBOle, 'rent, Ue4, Obey, ft 


((ru'mEii-i;),n. rixHli 

ih IfrOali), n. A Under tub 
ie <^ a harm ; the frog ; ■ dlfto] 

BioBi — Pnii - to ' turn 

(frtU-tiS'ihBii), n. Diaippointinonl ; def»t, 
tAutimi KrtJVtnni), n. Tlie part of ■ uUd 

luant — R^l( lUL A pan wjtb ■ iaag 
haodlat tor frrlDg maat imd TsgotAblefl. 
nok'il4(fa'ahrT w to'rfii), ». A flowering 
pUnt of Boutb America. 


uke looUeh b; drink. 
ip atory ; stuff ; non- 

P»'d (lij'Sl), n. Any combuntlblB taWlar ; what 

flfflr feeds flame, heat, or excitement. 
Fua>aloii» Itt-gtftbOt), a. Fljring ; nolatUe. — 

Pi-n'oloiutnMi, ra-fat'ttr (-^brr-tf ), n. 

PWti« (lufH-aT), a. Fljingi flMtSig; un- 
■SUe; volMUe; ovaueKsent. — n. One who 
fleei from hli itatLon or duty, from daoger or 
from poniehment ; a deaerter. — TD'Et-tlnlT, 

n'|l».inu im'g-l-man), n. One nho ilandg in 
Inmt of Hidien a( drUl, u ■ model to tliem : a 
director; a leader. 

Fans (tuK). ». KepeUtion of parte In mutic. 

Pnl-flU' ((v^f"'). Fnl-tii', v. i. k • A 
To mi up : to make full or com- ^ ^ 

TBl'CMt (IGl'leiit), a. Bright; ihlnlai) dai 
llinK.— rul'lm-oy (-l«n-»J), n. Splendor 

rail (rv1)i "■ Bmed up ; replete ; coplDoe ; an 
pie ; complete ; perfect. — n. Complete meaJ 
nre ; ntmOBt eitent. — ndv. Quite ; completely 
eiactly i entirely. ^ r. i- To become fully r: 
wholly iUuminMed. — rnl'ly, adv. — m^' 

Poll (lijl), V. t. [Ftmao (fuldj ; Fdhibo.] T 

c. i. To 

•T, n. — ruU'n-J (-ar-J) , 
"id.-PnllA'r — ■ 

fuldl i 1 

fullsd.— Plilli'* «i1h. Clajuiedineconr- 

■OM (tai'mT-uIt)', c. t'&l. To eiidode ; 

a baaa, which explodes by percLianlon, 
on,' or heat. ^ Pil'ml-iutlDii (-na'shUn), 

ceosnt, Arb, rgde, lyll, Om, IiRid, liHtt, out, a 

Ik;, a. Pertaining to, or 

— Pnl 
Fnl'TDIU (fU'ilU), a. Tawn 
FmnT)l« (f dm'b'l), t.t To g 

^aUn. ^' "" "'" """ """' ""*" 

Fmn* (Cum), n. Vapor from combuetUtn, or ei- 

i>.i.At.'[FPl(Ui'(fiimd');Fli)n)'e.] Toemokei 
toTapor 1 to rage. — mM'DU (fQm'afl), Fam'T 
(-f),a. FrodDungortnllolfuraeBinparoue.— 
Fn'mi-nti (f3'mI.gtiC), 1. 1. To apply imoke 
to; touear from iniaotlon; to porf umo. — Fn'- 
" ig;eemt 

Lpltal ; fnTeAed 
uppllei i public 


•nn (fllnl, n. Sport ; n 
^niWtlDn (f Hsk^hGn). i 

Pnnl {fBndl, n. A 

_ Fnad'a-iiie (-i-h'i), a. — Hmnnf mia. 

A lum of money let apart (or redemption of 

public or oonnrete debtft. 
Pnn'dt-Dant (f Bn'dik-miniC), n. The eaat !_part 

-' ■■-- body on which one ^te; anna. — Piul'- 
I'Ul <-mSa^l), a. Pertaining to Che 

blonorbaala; ewentlal ; elementary. 

Pn'MT-ilHii'nir-fll), b. The ceremony of bory- 

Pertainlng to burlaL -'inl (ftt-nyrJ. 
ol), a. Suiting a funeral ; dlnnaL 
Fna'pu (f Bn'glie), n. ; pi. L. Fuirai (ffln']!}, E. 
riTNatnEa (fOn'gtlB'^z). 

or grwiulation in animal 
bodlet ; proud fleih. — >. 
FOD'tOIU (-gtte), a. Like ) 
growing euddenly, but not ^ 
(l[ln-ga^.tjl),n. Fungoue ^^ ^^ 

^ll-ol* lfu'nT-k-1). R. A imall cord: ■ 
ture! a fliier. — rn-Uoll-lu {tA-oIk'a-lS 
OoQfdating of a flber ; dependant on the tej 


nk), n. 


tDt). » 

Great fe 

« and dirlnUng; 

To ill rink; 

to flinch. 



ahipsd like w lu- 


one for po 

ting liquid Into a 


rifli^e: a 



toft hair of certain 

i Iklnl 


the (ong 

e of a lev 




To line with fur 

\k T. 

with etri^ 

of board, etc, ae 
protectioD from 


-FnrM-«r (fOr'rl.a 

), B. A dealer ii. 

Fu^-a-7 (-Sr-JI). " 

Fur., in general 




trade in fun.— Foxfry (fdi^), a. Covered 
with, dreased in, or conaiiBting of, fur. — Fni'- 
rinC n. A aheatbing of boards, etc. 

Fnrlie-lOW (ftirn>£-lo), n. A flounce ; a plaited 
border of a gown.^v. t. To ornament ; to adorn. 

FnrOllall (fOr'bTah), v. L To scour to bright- 
ness ; to polish. 

Fnr'oato (fOr^tt), Fnr'oa-ted ( ffirnct-tSd ), a. 
Forked. — Fur-oatlon (ffir-ka'shtin), n. A 
branching like tines of a fork. 

Fnfrl-ons (fu'rT-Os), etc. See under Fcbt, n. 

Furl (fCIrl), V. t, [Fublbd (fOrld); Fublino.] 
To wrap (a sail) close to the yard, stay, or mast. 

Fnr'loilg (fCbraSng), n. One eighth of a mile. 

Furlong]! (fdrii), n. A leave of absence from 
military service, ^v, L To grant leave of ab- 
sence (to an officer or soldier). 

Fnr'naoe (fOr'nis). n. A place inclosing a hot 
fire for mating ores, warming a house, baking 
bread or pottery, etc. 

Fnr'lliBll (flir'nTah), v. t. [Fubnishsd (-nTsht) ; 
FuBNisHiNG.] To supply ; to provide ; to equip. 
— Fnr^sli-OT, f». — Fiir'&i-tiire (ffir'nT-ttir), n. 
That which furnishes ; outfit ; equipment. 

Flirrrl-«r, Fnr'nr, etc. See under FuB, n. 

FnrtOW (f Qr'rd), n. A trench in the earth made 
by a plow ; a channel ; a groove ; a wrinkle. ^ 
V. t. To cut a furrow in ; to plow ; to mark with 
channels or wrinkles. 

Fnr'ther (fdr'tfaSr), adv. To a greater distance ; 
moreover. ^ a. More remote ; beyond ; addi- 
tional, ^v, t. To help forward ; to promote ; to 
advance ; to assist. — Fm'tlier-Br, n. — Tjaf- 
thor-axice (-ons), n. Advancement. — Fni^ther- 
jniOfS9f (-mor^), adv. & conj. Moreover ; besides. 

— Furtlier-most' ( - most ' ), a. Furthest. — 
Furthest (-tihSst), a. Most remote ; farthest. 

— adv. At the greatest distance. 

Fnr'tiye (flir'tTv), a. Got by theft or stealth ; 
sly ; secret ; stealthy. — Flirtlye-l7t adv. 

Tn^TJ (fu'rj^), n. Violent passion ; wrath ; r^ ; 
frenzy ; a turbulent woman ; a virago. — Fn'- 
rl-ons (fu'rT-&s), a. Raging ; mad ; frantic. — 
Fu'ri-ons-ly, adv. — Fnrrl-ona-ness, n. 

Fnne ( fdrz ), n. A thorny evergreen shrub ; 
gorse ; whin. 

Fns'COns (f fis'klis), a. Of a dark color ; brown. 

Fuse (fuz), V. t. & i. To liquefy by heat ; to dis- 
solve; to melt ; to blend. — Fn'sl-ble (fu'zT-b'l), 
a. Capable of being melted. — Fn'si-bil'l-ty, n. 


~ Fn'llOll (fu'shttn), n. A melting ; union of 
parties, interests, etc. 
Fnse (fuz), Fuze, n. A tube filled witii combusti- 
ble matter, for blasting, discharging a shell, etc 

— Fn-see' (f d-zS'), Fn'sil (fu'zYl), n. A fiint. 
lock musket ; a fuse ; a match for bghting cigars. 

— Fn^sU-lade' (-zTl-lSdO, n. Simultaneous dis- 
charge of firearms, ^v. t. To shoot down by a 
simultaneous discharge of firearms. — Fn'sil- 
eer' (-zTl-erOf Fn^sU^er, n. An infantry sol- 
dier wearing a bearskin cap Uke a grenadier's. 

Fn-see' (fd-zS^), n. A conical wheel of a watch or 

clock, to equalize the 

power of the mainspring. 
Fn'eion (fu'zhiin), n. See 

under Fuse, v, t. 
FlUU (fiis), n. A tumult; 

bustle. — V. i. [FussBD 

(f i&st) ; Fussing.] To make a bustle or ado ; 

to worry ; to be over busy. — FlUM'y (-y), o. 

Disposed to fuss ; busy about trifles. 
Fust (f tlst}, n. A strong, musty smell ; musti- 

ness. — Fnst^ (-j^), a. Musty; rank; rancid. 

— Fnsf'i-ness, n. 

Fustian (fiis'chan), n. Coarse twilled cotton 
stuff, including corduroy, velveteen, etc. ; in- 
flated writing; swelling style; bombast.^ a. 
Made of fustian ; pompous; turgid; bombastic. 

Fustic (ffis'tik), n. The wood of a West India 
tree, used in dyeing yellow. 

Fn'tile (f utTl), a. Useless ; vidn ; trifling ; inef- 
fectual.— Fn-til'i-ty (ffi-tni-ty), ». Want of 
effect; uselessness. 

Fnttook (fiit^tfik), n. One of a ship^s middle 
timbers between the floor and upper timbers, 
or of the timbers over the keel which form the 
breadth of the ship. 

Future (f utfir), a. About to be ; liable to be 
or come hereaiter. — n. Time to come. — Fll- 
tutl-ty (-tuM-ty), n. State of being yet to 
come ; the future ; future event. 

Flue (fuz), n. See Fuss, n. 

Fuzz (f iiz), n. Fine, light particles ; loose, vola- 
tile matter. — v. i. To fly off in small particles. 

— Fnzz'y (-^), a. Like or having fuzz. 

Fy (fi), interj. A word of blame, dislike, disap- 
probation, or contempt. 

Fyke (f ik), n . A long bag net distended by hoops, 
into which fish can pass, without being able to 


Gftb (gXb), n. The mouth ; chatter ; loquacity. — 

V. %. [Gabbed (g^bd); Oabbino.] To talk 

idly ; to prate. 
aaVar-dine' (gSVer-denO, OaVer-dine', n. A 

coarse frock or loose upper garment formerly 

worn by Jews. 
Oabt>le (g^b'b'l), v, i. To talk noisily ; to prate ; 

to jabber ; to oabble ; to chatter ; to cackle. ^ 

n. Loud unmeaning talk ; rapid sounds, as of 

fowls. — Chibt)ler, n. 
Gatli-on (ga'bT-tin), n. A hollow cylinder filled 

with earth, used as a temporary fortification; 

an openwork sunken frame used in building 

bars, dykes, etc., under water. 
Gatlle (ga^'l), n. Triangular end of a house from 

eaves to top. — Gable root Sloping roof which 
forms a gable. — Gable window. A window 
in a gable, or pointed at the top like a gable. 

Gad ig&d), n. Point of a spear or arrow; goad; 
wedge. ^v.i. [Gadded; Oaddino.] To rove 
idly ; to run wild. — Gad'-a-boaV (-4-bout')» 
Gad'der, n. — Gadtly' (gSd'fliO, n. An insect 
which stings cattle, and deposits eggs in their 

Gael (gal), n. sing. & pi. A Celt, or the Celts, 
of Scotland or Ireland ; a Scotch Highlander. 
— GaeltO (galTk), a. Belonging to the Gael, 
^n. The language of the Gael, — a branch of 
the Celtic. 

Gaff (gSf ), n. A fisherman^s barbed spear ; a spar 

ft, e, i, 5, a, long ; &, 6, i, 5, A, ft ahort ; sen&te, tvent, tdea, 6bey, finite, oAie, i&rm, ask, f|ll, final, 

fltl-tor (giff 8r), ». An.gednMtlc. 
dBfllt IkUTI), n. AapurloTiagtatiiiKCO 

tba ground by th« chitllangw, uid i 
the accepter of the chsllenge. — c. 
byiMurltji toengi|[e. 

Ch»(^), n. AmBMure. Bee Sic 

a«n &«), a. A kind or plum. 

03'*-^, amr- S** ™der tl*T, a. 

StlB (tia). a. A Dotcb Inagirdet 

llB (aEu), ' 
qulBJtion; I 

Profit '. ftdvautagfl ; b* 

Ho.l To contradict . 
— "tWn'My'BT, B. 

[GiuiHj fgKnd] ; &»ailHB.] To grow rich; u 

Profitable; advutueoui; lucrative. —OillB' 
laiS,B. Unpcofltable; l ■ 
Siln'iRT'tKio''^' "^ sin' 
{-Od' DT-md') ; OiiSBAT 

OUrtllt (gSr^sh), a. See 
Gilt (Kit), n. Walk ; wa] 
(WtaT (gytSr), Tl. A do 

OkOa (gWi), 'n. Pomp ; S^lMt^'^^Mt^'. 

A daj of featlvlty ; a holiday. 
ad'«I-7 (e»l'««-?l, "- The belt o! elm called 

lies the Milky Way ; an aHemblagu of aplendid 

penoDB or things. 
Oala (jgSl), n. A atroDg wind ; itats of aicltemeot, 

bllarlty. or paaaioD. — v.t. loiul fast. 
St-lMu (g^lS'Dt), n. I«ad eulpfaidc, the prin- 

ts gall bladder, 

nmde In tl 
OUOant (iiil'i(inl)7or Bho 

- OaU'liis, a. 

(H»dy), — B»l-lajiny, oc(ij. — Oal'lmt-ry. ' 
Oal'U-an (gS11i-<lD), n. A large Spaoieb ship ( 
OUTtr-T (gSl'Mi-r). "■ A coversd »»lk; 

corridor; ao OTerbei 

ktform aloTw (La 

; p[. Gumi (-Hi), 

fiat-buitt veBBcl, naTigated with nilamDd cue; 
a liRht open bcAt ; a ^p'b cabooee or kitehAO 
of a Bhip ; i printBr'B traj for holding tjpe. — 
QjllIVy slAT*. Odo condemned for ciimc to 

Olllio Igtnlli). a. See undor Gill, vegelablo 

ffalllD IgBll'k), Oaini-Dan <-lI-kan), a. Pertain- 

•-g u Gaul or France ; French. — dalll-oatl' 

m (-li'm), n. Princlplet ol French Roman 

'pal >utbority.-Ehl11-almi (riQIT^T^), n. 

Vrench idiom. - ORlHl-OlM (-eiz), t. t. To 

„jnf orm to the French mcda or idiom. 

«1'U-IWWb* (gH-II-gS.'klnz), n. pi. Laree, 

open hole or trouaen ; leather guuda lor tbe 

. Bsaembllng 

ail'U-IU'MOlu (gil'lt-iA'aliDe), o 
(WU-mypu (^'if^Tp'parj, n. A larga mo» 
Bdll-pat (gtnni-pn), n. An •pothecuy'sKluaa 
BftTloa'Simn), n. A moaHire of four quarta. 

Il'(g^1wii')'n- A 


IS.] Torunwithleapi 

. [OALLOPtD (-11 

.mAchiiieryBuapended, el 
ll-lWflW.n. Anoverriic 
• , Perttinbig to — '- 


ffi-looHi' (g^lBsli'), 

Qal-vuLlo (eSI-vSti' 
niain ; emnloyiog or produclnE electriod eor- 
rente. — Gal'vi-nlna (RU'v^)'ni),fi. Elec- 
tricity developed by chemical Action of certain 

.S™y— M'?«-ilUt, B. 
iem.— 0«l'T«-Ill» (-ull), 
I galvanism ; to plate or 

liquid, and metal.: 

wed in gal« 

aam'Us (glmfbl), v. 

I, ftrb, r^da, lyll, Om, food, tilW, out, o 


flAanjMS.] To pin lor TD 

., (gim---- 

yellow KQin n 
sutbuUo mei 


loH OuinBtfgliifKt), n. AmlUUrr 

hopi I 

-v.i. [Oiii»LB>(-baid^Ai 

lii<l^'btSl),a. The Und legnf 
ik cnwksd Uk» ■ hone'i 

»Ci DHd b; butcban tor huc- 

tngmeat.— Q<U]«*l(Og(.' i. 

Uppad roof ; onrbroiA 
Onu Wbn). 0. 1l nMt of my 

kind; fraUs; Bonmniiog to 


Guana.} To play at ui] 
orpriiaitommblB.— a<_.. . ._ , 

Otmt'Mm* (-BOm). a. Qty;. 

dty boy : % j 

' uilnula 

.„ -in), n. A Ihteb of ■ hi«, 

naokftd. ^p. C To Alt aad ory; to uuka 

Oui'Bt (rimllt), n. The K^ of muiial D 
flUL'tir (glo'dSO. n. The male of tbs gooo 
BMI; (glog), n. A number going in comi 

OantOitn. See Oiui 
atol (]ii), n. A nil. 
0«P (B»P). "■ Ai °PW 


lug ; a breach. *— v^ 
■™"- gSp). "■ '■ [' 

(tab (gSrb], n. Dr*« ; appesncca. — v. 1. To 

OU'bK* (nS^bliji. n. Offrf ; rafn». 

dirnia (^'"b^). «■ '■ To "K " bolt; to pick 

to corrupt — tal^lu', n. 

Otl'dn (gtlr'd'n), n. A place tor cultlvmHng 
planta, Iniita, flowera, or vagetablea ; wall col- 
tliatod tract of country, — i. 1. To cultliate > 
garden. — (tarUss-ai (-Sri, n. — Ou'dan-lnc, 
n. Act of cultiiitloR urdeiu ; borticulture. 

(hB'Irt (gSr'gSt), n. InlUinniaMon In udden of 
cowa ; oiatemper in hogs ; a pLuit known aa 

offiii (gM.'g'i), t-. (. ^''^''^?^i3'"f3^^;;^ 

Ou'SCTl* (gi'r'ge'l)i "- A grotetquely carved 
waterapouti project- 


Ctan'iraiu (g 

I nmrtlfj. — Oui'gn-iiima l-gr 

Oftii'wdr (g<iig'''I'). »■ Ap 

a ehlp arfncloflod place. 
OantlM b^bi^t), ». A aea [ 

Oai'iimit (gtr^init), n. 
aulWT (gifr'nir), n. A 8 
I grain la stored- ^v. t. _ 
of living Bu^M (gKr^iet), n. A m 

'"-^ <rilE^t), n. 
id out of ahli 
(gKr'nlah), r. t. 

ing property aei 

— BiTHlall-ee' (gSr'nlah-i^, It. Ol 

Dr^H property in aiLother'e handa). — 
m»nt(gBr'nIsh-nienll,n. Omame. 

Bu'Ml (g*r'r«t), » 

it hi court — a«rtli-tui» 

. n. A body of troope in s 
laonun (-e'nd); OiABKOH- 

i" (^-r3t'), n. A Sjanish mode of 
tioD by stnugiilatloD ; i- '" ""■ ' — 


t j aeBtta, Snot, Idea, Obey, dtiUe, cfti*, Hi 




inflictii^ this punishment. — v. t. [Gabbotbd ; 
Oabbotino.] To strangle with the garrote ; to 
throttle and rob. — ChUT-rot'er, n. 

Qartn-lons (gSr'ry-lfis), a. Given to long, prosy 
talk, with excessive detail ; loquacious. — Gar- 
mli-ty (-iDlY-tj^)> n- Talkativeness ; loquacity. 

Gartar (g&r'tSr), n. A band to hold up a stock- 
ing..— v. u [Gabtbbbd (-tSrd); Gastebino.] 
To fix (a stocking) in place with a garter. 

Gas (gSs), n. An aeriform elastic fluid ; a mixture 
of particular gases for illuminating purposes. — 
OaB'ay (-8j^)t a. Full of or like gas ; boastful. 
— Gas'— burn/er, n. The part of a gas fixture 
where gas is burned as it escapes from the 
pipe.— -Gas OOaL Coal rich in volatile mat- 
t^, and suited for manufacture of illumina- 
ting gas. — Gas fixtnre. A device for convey- 
ing gas from the pipe to the burner. — Gas 
meter. An instrument recording the consump- 
tion of gas. — Gas stove. A stove in which gas 
is used as fuel. — Gas welL A hole bored in 
the earth, whence natund gas escapes. — Gas 
works. A manufactory of gas. — Gas'e-0118 
(gSs^^-tls or gSz'-), a. In the form of gas ; with- 
out solidity or substance. — Gas'i-fy (-fi), v. t. 
To convert into gas. —v. i. To become gas. 

QflS^OOn-ade' (gSs'kSn-Sd'), n. A boasting; vaunt; 
bravado. ^ v. t. To boast ; to brag ; to bluster. 

GftS'e-OllS, a. See under Gas, n. 

Gash (gSsh), V, t. To make a deep cut in (flesh, 
etc.). ^n. A deep and long cut. 

Gasliet (gSs'kSt), n. A plaited cord, to lash the 
sail, or tie it to the yard when furled ; hemp for 
packing a piston ; ring or washer of packing. 

Gaa-om'e-ter (gSs-Sm'e-tSr or gSz-), ». A reser- 
voir for holding and measuring gas. 

Gasp (g4sp), V. i. [Gasped (g&spt); Gasfino.] 
To labor for breath ; to pant. ^ v, t. To emit 
with gaspings. ^ n. A labored respiration ; 
a painful catching of the breath. 

Gas^sy, a. See under Gas, n. 

Gastrlo (gSstrTk), a. Belonging to the stomach. 

Gas-tril'o-qny (gSs-trTl'i-kwj^), n. A voice which 
appears to proceed from the stomach. — GkUh 
tril'0-(llllst (-kwTst), n. One who appears to 
spei^ from his stomach ; a ventriloquist. 

DGas-trl'tls (gSs-tn'tts), n. Inflammation of the 

Gas-tron'o-my (gSs-trBn'ft-mj^), n. Art or sci- 
ence of good eating; epicurism. — Gas'tro- 

nome (gSs'tri-nSm), Gkuhtron'o-mer (gSs-trSn'- 
ft-m8r), Gas-tron'O-mlst (-mist), n. One fond 
of good living; an epicure. •— Gas'tro-lIOZII'iC 
(gfis^tr^-nSmtk), Gas'tro-nomlo-al (-I-kol), a. 
Pertaining to gastronomy. 

Gate (gat), n. A passageway in a wall ; a frame 
of timber, etc., which closes a passage; a 
frame stopping passage of water through a dam 
or lock ; a means of entrance. •— Gate'way' 
(gat'wSOt n» A passage through a fence or 
wall ; a frame, arch, etc., in which a gate is hung. 

Gath'er (gSth'Sr), v. t. & i. [Gathebbd (-Srd) ; 
Gatheriko.] To collect; to congr^rate: to 
assemble; to infer. —n. A. plait or fold in 
doth. — Gath'er-er (-er-er), n. — Gath'er-ing, 
n. A collection ; assembly ; tumor ; abscess. 

DGanolie (g5sh), a. Left; clumsy. — HGanohO'- 
rie' (gSsh're'), n. Awkwardness ; boorishness. 

Gand (gfA)i f^ A bit of worthless finery; a 
trinket. — Gand^ (gftd'y), a. Ostentatiously 
fine. — Gand'l-ly, adv. — Gandl-ness, n. 

Gauge (gaj). 


V. t. [Gauobo (gajd); GAveise 
(ga'jTng).l To measure the contents 
or capacity of ; to estimate. — n. A 
measure ; a standard. — Gan'gor, n. 

Gaimt (gant), a. Lean ; meager ; grim. 

Gauntlet (gSntaSt), n. A long glove 
to protect the hand. 

Gauze (gftz)» n* A very thin, transpar- 
ent stuff, of silk or linen, also of 
woven wire. — Ganze, Gftnz'y (gftz'j^)* 

a. Thin ; slight ; unsubstantial. ^ 
Ganzl-ness, n. 

Gave (gav), imp, of Give. 

Gay'el (e^v'81), n, A small heap of 
grain, not tied up. 

OaT'el (gSv'Sl), n. The mallet of a presiding of- 
ficer, fdso that of a stonemason. 

GaM-al (ga'vT-al), n. A large Asiatic erocodae ; 
the nako. 

Gawk (gftk), n. A cuckoo ; a simpleton ; a booby. 
— 1>. t. To act like a gawky. — Gawk'y (g^l^'y), 
a. Foolish and awkward; clumsy; clownish. 
^n. An awkward or a stupid fellow. 

Gay (ga), a. yLerry ; gleeful ; lively ; sprightly ; 
fine ; showy ; lewd. — Gaily, Gayly, adv. — 
Gal'e-ty, Gay'e-ty (-^-tj^), n. Liveliness ; ani- 
mation; vivacity; glee. 

Gaze (gaz), V, i. [Gazed (gazd) ; GAzraa (g^- 
zTng).] To look intently ; to gape ; to stare, 
^n. A fixed, eager, or wondering look. — 
Gaz'er, n. — Gazlng-stook' (-stSkO, n. An 
object of curiosity, contempt, or abhorrence. 

Ga-zelle' (g&-zS10t n. A small, swift, elegantly 
formed antelope of Northern Africa. 

Ga-zette' (gft-zSt^), n. A newspaper, i* v. t, [Ga- 
zetted; Gazbttiito.] To announce officially. 
— Gaz^'et-teer^ ( gSz ^ St - ter' ), n. A writer of 
news; a geographical dictionary. 

Gear (gSr), n. Goods ; dress ; a toothed wheel in 
a machme; gearing.^ v. t. [Geabed (gerd); 
GbabinoJ To dress ; to put on gear ; to har- 
ness. — Gear'lng, n. Harness ; p«rt8 of a ma- 
chine which transmit motion. 

Geek'O (gSk'i), n. A small, nocturnal, carniv- 
orous l^ard, able to run on walls and ceilings. 

Oee (je), 

. S* ii [<3^BBp (jSd); GEsnro 

to the otf side, or from the driver. 

Gera-tin(j81'&-tTn), Gera-tine,n. An- 
imal jelly ; a substance formed by 
boiling tendons, bones, etc., and used in mak- 
ing isinglass, glue, etc., as food, in photogra- 
fhy, etc. — Ge-latl-nate (j^-lSti-nSt), Ge-uf - 
■mze (-niz), V. t. & i. To make into, or be- 
come, geUtbi. — Ge-latl-na'tloil (-na'shttn), n. 
Act or process of gelatinating. — Ge-lat'l-nous 
(-ntb), a. Of the nature of gelatin ; viscous. 

Geld (gSId), V. t. [Gelded (ggld'Sd) or Gelt 
(gSlt) ; Gelding.] To emasculate ; to expurgate. 
— Geld'lng, n. 

Gelid (jH'Id), o. Very cold. 

Gem (jem), n. A bud ; precious stone ; jewel. — > 

VBioXf recent, 6rb, r||de, f ^^ lira, food, f tfbt, out, oil, diair, go, sins, ink, tl&en, tbiii' 




0. t. [OnnaD ( j8md) ; Osmmino.] To adorn or 
•mbelliah, aa with gema. — Gem'my (jSm'mj^), 
a. Like gema; bright; aparkliug. 

lOem'i-ni uSml-ni), n. pi. The Twma, a conatel- 
lation oontaining two bright atara, Castor and 
Pollux; third aign of the zodiac, which the aun 
eutera about May 25. 

OtnLllUlte (gSiu'mfit), a. Having, or reproducing 
by, buda. — Oem-mation (jem-ma'ahfin), n. 
ThKB formation of a new individual (animal or 
vegetable) by budding ; the arrangement of buda 
on the atalk ; the period when buda expand. 

DGen^danne' (zhaNMIirmO* n. A French armed 

Oen'der (JSnMSr), n. Glaaaification of nouna ac- 
cording to aez. — v. /. [Obndebxo (-dSrd) ; 
Obndbbino.] To beget ; to engender. 

Gen'e-al'O-gy (j6n'«4Q'6-jj^), n. Hiatory of de- 
acent from an ancestor ; pedigree ; lineage. — 
Gen'a-al'Q-gllt (-jTst), n. A student of gene- 
alogy* — G«ll'e-a-log'io-al (-&-15j1-kal), a. Per- 
taimng to genealogy. 

G«]l'»-ni (jgn'^rA), n., pi. of Gbhub. 

Oen'er-al (jSn'Sr-al), a. Relating to a genua or 
kind ; common ; comprehenaive ; universal. ^ 
n. The whole ; total ; commander of an army. 
— Gfln'OF-al-ly, adv. in general ; commonly ; 

upon the whole. — Gen'ar-al-ness, n. — Omfex- 

ai-ia'Bl-niO (-Ta'aT-md), n. Commander in chief. 

--Oen^ar-all-ty (-sinr-tj^), n. state of being 

general ; a general or vi^^e atatement or 
phraae ; main body ; bulk ; greatest part. — 
Gen'er-al-izo (-ol-iz), v. U To atate or view 
generally or comprehenaively. — - Gon'or-al-l- 
zatiOB (-Y-zS^-ahtin), n. Act of generalizing ; 
a general statement. — Qen'or-al-Ship, n. The 
ofSoe or functiona of a general; military skill 
and conduct. 

Oen'ttr-ate (jfin'Sr-St), r. t. To beget ; to produce ; 
to cause. — Oftn'er-a^tor (-S^tSr), n. — Cten^er- 
atlon (-a'shfin), n. A generating ; production ; 
formation ; offspring ; mass of beinga living at 
one period; avenge lifetime of man, or one 
third of a century. — Oen'er-a-tlye (jSu'er-ft- 
tTv), a. Able to produce or propagate. 

Oe-ner^o (j«-ngrmc), Ge-ner'io-al (-T-kal), a. 
Pertaming to a genus or kind; very compre- 
hensive. — Ge-nerlo-al-ly, adv. 

Gen'er-ona (jSn'Sr-fis), a. Liberal; magnan- 
imoua ; bountiful. — Oftn 'vt- ons-ly, adv. — 
Ofin'er-08'i-ty (-SsT-ty), i». Quality of being 
generous ; nobleness ; liberality ; munificence. 

Goi'e-Bla (jSn'^Ts), n. Act of producing ; ori- 
gin ; the first book of the Old Testament, which 
relates the creation of the world. 

Gen'et (16n'8t), n. A small Spaniah horse ; jennet. 

Oen'et (jSn'St or ji-n6t^, n. A camivoroua ani- 
mal, allied to the civet ; ^so, its fur. 


O^net'io {^UA^Ak), O^nttlo-al (-T-kdl), a 
Pertaining to the genesis, or production and de- 
velopment, of anything. — Oe-neflo-al-ly, adv, 

Otn'ial (jen'yol or je'nf-al), a. Contributing to 
production ; cheerful ; aympathetic. — Ge'lli- 
al'l-ty (Wvii-Xn-tS or jSn-ySW-ty), n. 

IIQ^nie' (/^. zhfi'n^' ; E, je'nj^), n. See GBimra. 

Oen'l-tal (jSnT-tol), a. Pertaming to generation. 

Qen'i-tillg (jSnT-tTng), n. A kind of apple that 
ripens very early. 

Oen'l-tiTe (jSnI-tTv), a. Pertaining to a caae in 
the declension of nouna, expreaaing source or 
relation, ^n. The possessive caae. 

Oen^-tor (jfint-t5r), n. One who procreates; 
a aire ; a father. 

Oen'ina (jSn'ylis), n. A good or evil spirit or de- 
mon, anciently believed to ahape a man's des- 
tiny ; each person's natural structure of mind ; 
special taste or disposition ; mental superiority ; 
power of invention or originati<m of any kind ; 
vigor of mind ; talent. 

Q«II-tOttF (jSn-tSl'), a. Polished in nuuiners ; well- 
bred ; polite ; refined ; elegant ; f aahionable. — 
Cten-teelly, adv. — Oan-teel'iieBB, Ctai-til'i-ty 
(-tTiT-ty), i». 

GNui'tiaiL (jSu'shan or -shl-an), n. A flowering 
plant, with a bitter 
root used medici- 

Goimie aSn'tfl), n. 
One of a non-Jew- 
ish race; one nei- 
ther Jew nor Chris- 
tiim; a heathen. — 
a. Belonging to 
p a g a n or heathen 
people, — denoting 
a race or country. 

Oen'tle (jSnt'l), a. 
[Gbiitlbb ( - tier ) ; 
Gbntlbst (-tlSst).] 
Well-bom ; of good 
family or respecta- 
ble birth; refined in manners; placid; quiet; 
peaceful; tame; docile. — GMl'tly, adv, — 
Oen'tle-neas, n. — Gen-tlia-ty (-tTlT-tj^), n. 
Good birth ; demeanor of well-Dom persons aa 
to self-respect, dignity, courage, courteey, etc. ; 
good breeding.— G«]i'tl»-fouk(-f ok), Oon'tle- 
toUCB (-f 5ks), n. pi. Persons of good breeding 
and family. — Oen^e-man (-man), n. A man 
bom of good family ; one of refined manners. 
— 0«ii'U»-ma]i-llk9', Oen'tle-man-ly (-ij^), a. 
Polite ; refined. — Gen'tle-WOm'an (-wJRSm^an), 
n. A woman of good family or good breeding ; 
an attendant on a lady of high rank. 

Cten'try (jSntrj^), n. People of good breeding ; 
in England, the daaa between the nobility and 
the vulgar. 

Oftn'n-fleo'tlon (jSn'd-flfik'ahttn or je'nt)-), n. A 
bending the knee, aa in worship. 

Ckoi'll-ine (]Sn^-Tn), a. Free from adulteration ; 
real ; pure ; unalloyed. — Gflll'll-inQ-ly, adv, — 
aftii'ii-in»-iies8, n. 

ChKnna (je'n&s), n.; pL Gknvba. (jSn'^rA). A 
class embracing many species. 

Cto'o-cen'tric (je'^-s^n'trTk), Oe'oHMntrlo-al 
(-trT-kal), a. Having the same center aa the 

Ge'ode (je^)t »• A hollow nodule of atone, con- 
taining crystala. 


B, e, 1, 5, II, long ; A, <^ 1, 6, il, tf dMrt ; lenftte, «v«nt, idea, ftbey, ttnite, oftra, iim, Aak, ffU, &^ 

a*«d'»«T (f»M1-4>). n. Til 

OMTK-Phy at-Sfrt-T}), n. 
world and lU isba^tante ; i 
■ — Oe-og^-plin l-ffi 
ohy.— On/t-fTr-'-"- 

OMfa-IT (ItJai-jJ), n. BciBQ. 

•hidy g«u«r. 

oc'fr'hiric (jS'tiajik), av 

), a. PertBining to gwjli^y. 
■B-trt),!!. HcienoeotnuBnllty 

— Omiu'Mm (-*-iSr), a» 

gm'O-tri'llUlL (-emt^'TBlt'aii), n. One skilled 
in ginlmetrj.-avo-mMfJla U»«-iD»4Tk), Of- 
fr-msfilo-d {-tT-ka]),a. Pertalnlnc, or mcootd- 
ing, to gtomitrj. — mV-mat^ltHU-Irt ail«< — 
OMBL's-tltH (-omt-tiii), t.t. To proBeed In 
Acoordiioca with the prlnclpla of ganoatrr, 

OMi'ila (]M»<). »- ApMui m bubudry. 

Ot-n^nm (It^fnl-Sm), n. A plant haTing 

flwm U^rm), n. That whicb la to develop ui 
otDlnyo; Bource ; orlgiu ; flnt principle, — 
0«r'mtall> IjSr'ml-^), a. Denructiye to 
germa, esp. Co liring boctarial gernu whicb oc- 
cvion dia«aae. ^n. Aprvpari^on fordeMroy- 

Ebraan (jirfmon), a. Neul; related ; closely 

Gai'lun (jSr'nuia), n. A cItlEen, also the lan- 
guBge. of Gemuoy ; a round daDc4 witb in- 
toIth AgnreBr or ■ p«rtj where thia danco la 
parfonned.— a. Pert^nlng to OerouuiVi ita 
people, or language, —OWUUl-lim (-IiV), 
n. A Qermui idiom. —Oamui (Um. An 
alloy of Dopper^ line, and nickel, — Ctanuil 
■IML a metal mode in charcoal forges of bog 
iron or ipirty carbonile. — a«n>ail tut 1 
GtaaraotsF resembling Qeroian type, used for or- 
nameatal baadinga, etc. 
^r* S>|(« lint it (n Sriman Siit. 
0«T-B1IW' (Jilr-min'), ". Closely allied ; appro- 
a«r'ml-ut>|jSr'mr.nat),c. <. To sprout ; to bud ; 

iatat«. — fterhnl-iLal (-ml 
_ .agerm.— 0«r'inl-iuuit(-i 
Sprouting ! seuding forth buds. 
itDI* U^^Br), n. A oioUon of body or Umbo 
ipreseive of sentiment or pssaian. — OtltUB, 
•t-tla^-Utl (-tlk^-»t], V. I. & i. To reprs- 
int by gesture ; to act. — Oos-tlc'n-U'tor (-lii'- 
1-1 - — a«s-tto'«-U'tl<in (-IS'shttn), n. A 
If ; a gBBturo. — OM-Uc'n-U-to-ry 
a. RepreaeDtlng by« or belonging to. 

o«r(a«i'r<'- <■ [(mp.ooTi8!it). 06, 

p. p. QoT, Obiolacml Ootteh (bI 

suaSe, — r. 1.' Togaln; tobecomi 
Otw'fBW (RU'Ra), n. A Bbony triH 
OtTUT (iti'BJr or -rtt). n. A bi 

[Ohastuu i Qhutubt.] 

„„.. ghaati 

ahutll-iKU, n. 
iShat (g«t). ataut, 


Gib^U (Vib'blla), a, Proti 

EHbOMM-MU, Olb-boi" ~ 
mU (iibj, o. i. & (. To n.1, : l, 

QlbrlsU utbOats], n. pi. EdibI 

'fly (gid'dj). 


iDiia^ GiDDinT.] Light- 

iciied' — v.i. To turn rapidly ; to net. 

• umtMidy. — dlfl'U-l7HI- 

— OUd'ar, n IWSlBf , 

Urn, nuut, Arb, r^ds, tyll, ftm, Igai, tOiit, ant, otl, dulr, go, ainc, b 


I*jlDg irith gold; gold in !«(, liquid, pi 


Oin Is'O), «■ Tlic ornn of reuilntion m I 

■ Oip btlDW the besk of ■ bird ; flesb und 

vblu i ■ comb for dividing fiu flber in ipii 

am (jli), n. A mwura ; one tounh of a | 

OUlUIli.o. A«6eth»»rt;airtiag,w»iitoi 

grouDd It; ; malt Uquor rcedlcUed with g 

OU'Ue (JIITJ), Oll'lT, 1, Abojilimmwi 

W.1J-iow'n ^I'lj-flou'er), n. A Eniciferoi 
pliDt called ilw iloet; i puipUih led tipple. 

out (g^lt), imp. & p.p. 0IGBJ1. — H. Gold la 
on Che eurfue of a thing ; gilding. 

lUinlMU (g^ni'hal), n. A combiuatioD of rblj 
Huapendbig a ~ " "'" 


IM (gSrd), V. (. [GuiT(girt)orOaiHD;a 
lIia.T To encircle witb 1 dellbhi bend ; W » 
{dotbing) bf budiitg witb a cord, idnd 

lUl (gSd). n. A femaie child ; Toong wo