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Political Miscellany 


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Col Thatcher, of Warren, said that in 
addition to the deep interest felt by the 
whols Commonwealth in the subjects em- 
braced by this memori^r. the people of the 
District of Maine had certain local and pe- 
culiai interests which would, he trusted, re 
ceivethe attention of the house. As no gen- 
tleman from that part of the country had 
'riven in favor of the memorial, he would, in 
addition to a few general icmarks, call (heir 
attention to the situation of the District of 

This, said Col. T. is one of the most im- 
portant questions that was ever presented to 
The people of this state. It is to ascertain 
the voice of the gre;it people of Massachu- 
setts upon the subject of war with the power 
that commands the ocean — whether in the 
present defenceless state of our seaboard, 
when the government has refused to make 
the least preparation to defend our coasts, 
we shall invite the utter destruciiun of the 
little remnant of our present commerce, and 
expose our seaport towns to be buttered 
down and laid under contribution. In this 
subject the people of Maine are most deeply 
inteteitcd — ihev have 300 miles of coast 
completely at the mercy of any naval force 
that m;iy choose to invade them, and are, a 
vast majority of them, opposed to a war. 

This it not a party question. The inter- 
ests of all ate alike concerned, and all ought 
to have the same feelings on the subject. — 
We should put off our sandals at the door 
of the temple, and consider ourselves on ho- 
ly ground. It is surprising to find the re- 
verend Clergy, instead of preaching " peace 
on earth and good will to men," engaged 
in advocating an immediate and destructive 
war. It proves that we have anived at a 
pitch of infatuation which is not the least 
alarming circumstance of our present con- 
dition. I do not arraign their motives — 
this is not a time for elimination; but I 
must be allowed to forewai n them that their 
conduct on this occasion may be deplored 
by themselves and their constituents, when 
the zeal of the moment shall have yielded [ 
to dispassionate reflection. 

I feel incompetent on so important a ques- I 
tion, and at this late hour, to do justice to I 
ihe subject. It is difficult to compress wiih- 
fe a narrow compass the variety of argU- , 
ments by which this memorial might be . 
supported. The tight itself of presenting I 
it has been disputed. But, sir, this right of 
petitioning and remonstrating to our gov- ] 
crnment, is a right upon which every state I 
in the union has practised. This privilege ] 
carried us through the revolution — it was ; 
the first sU'p which our fathers took to- j 
wards independence ; and when the lcgisla- | 
ture of Massachusetts are not allowed to ex- 1 
firess their wishes and feelings on subjects of 
national concern, they will not be permit- 
ted to express those opinions in thtir private 1 
capacity. It is a right which we derive > 
from our ancestors, and which has been ex- 
ercised in Great Britain during the fiercest , 
■wars, and in times of highest regal preio- ' 
gativc. When we renounce Jlis right, our 
liberties are gone. 

It is said there is no necessity for us to 
raise our voice on this subject Hut, sir, 
Congress, it would seem, have determined 
to declare war. The proposition was made 
in the House of Representatives on Tuesday 
last, and it is of the utmost consequence 
that Massachusetts immediately express her 
opinion. The voice of this great people 
*ill not be without its ultimate effect. I 
do not say that we have no cause of war 
with England. There may be causes of 
war both with her and France ; but this is 
not now the question before us — wc do not 
express an opinion upon that subject. It is 
not necessary to allude to the impressment 
of our sailors by Britain, noi ihe burning of 
our ships by France. We might by call- 
ing up these and oilier subjects of complaint, 
excite a war fever against both these nations, 
The memorial docs not express an opi- 
nion that a war with G. Britain would in 
itself be unjust, but at this lime it would be 
impolitic and ruinous,. As Congress do not 
threaten wat with France, we need not say 
any thing on that subject. Whethei it 
would be expedient or just to declare war 
against her, are questions with which we 
have in this discussion no concern. Our 
Tclation* with that country, however, at this 
moment, furnish an argument against en- 
gaging in war with England. The Hornet 
has brought us a mere mockery of negoda- 
lion, as far as we are permitted by our gov- 
ernment to see the documents, and Bona- 
pai te seems determined to make us his al- 
lies, or rather his instruments, in his contest 
wit!) Britain. — (Here Col. T. gave a suc- 
cinct view of the operation of the French 
dec ices upon the commei ce of the U, States ) 
lit the present unprepared and impover- 
fthc 1 state of our country, a vast majority 
ot the per pie arc opposed to war. I he in- 
lub> [nits ut Maine are under seiinus alarm. 
The 1 ate calling town meeting* ft) ihe coun- 
ty 01 : Hancock to remonstrate against the 
i>roc jcJings cf die government, and pre- 

paring addresses to the people of New Eng- 
land, in which they call upon them in the 
most solemn manner, and urge them by all 
the motives which can rouse and actuate 
them as freemen and patriots, to come forth 
and interpose their efforts to prevent the 
mad career of our national administration. 
1 he District of Maine is more exposed 
on the seaboard than all New England be- 
sides -and 1 might almost say, has more 
harbors than all the rest of the U. States. 
8he is in the vicinity of the Leviathan of 
the deep— without the least protection- 
open to evety Invasion from the sea, and 
liible to be deprived effectually of every 
remnant of her remaining trade, without 
which it is impossible for her inhabitants to 
live. If war is proclaimed, you throw upon 
rhese people a horde of desperadoes, who 
have fled from Maine to the British provin- 
ces, while our foreign enemy will, at her 
pleasure, burn and demolish the towns on 
the seaboard. These exposed and defence- 
less people ask you in the name of all that 
is dear to man, to attempt to prevent these 

[ Here Col. T. took an able and luminous 
vle*v of the policy of our government in re- 
lation to a navy, which he showed to be 
indispensably necessary to protect our com- 
merce, defend «ur coasts and harbours, and 
prevent those attacks and insults, which our 
own voluntary weakness naturally invites ; 
and urged the propriety of deferring an of- 
fensive war, at least till we could provide 
some means to prosecute it] 

Gentlemen seem to debate this question 
as if our spirit and courage were to be 
tested by the vote which wc shall now pass. 
But, sir, nothing can be more unfounded 
than this idea. It is not a question in which 
out spirit is at all involved. It is the ex- 
pettienctj of war which we are now consider- 
ing. We are not descended from a race of 
cowards, The heights of Charlestown and 
the plains of Lexington are at hand to wit- 
ness to our national spirit and valor ; and if 
we were again invaded by Britain, or any 
other nation, the descendants of the heroes 
of 1775 would prove that they are not a 
degenerate race. But they feel no very ar- 
dent desire to march to the attack of Cana- 
da ; they will not with spirit proceed " in 
solid columns," " like a Grecian phalanx," 
as the gentleman from Sedgwick antici- 
pates. This would be the most Quixotic 
crusade that ever was projected since the 
expeditions 10 the Holy Land. Does that 
gentleman know the strength and situation 
of Quebec ? Docs he remember the fate of 
the army under Arnold, and the fall of 
Monrgnmery ? And rloes he think that in 
the present state of the public mind in New 
England, with no army and no navy, we 
can batter down that fortress, which is the 
Gibraltar of America, or starve the inha- 
bitants, by cutting off their supplies from 
the sea* Sir, this idea of starving other na- 
tions is not only ridiculous in itself, but 
ruinous in its consequences. '1 hat attempt 
has been suflicientlymadeby our administra- 
tion, and the people of this country have suf- 
fered enough in proving its folly. Great 
Britain cannot conquer us, not can we con- 
quer her. These attempts to bring her ;o 
terms by our non-intercourses and embar- 
goes, have only taught her a secret which 
is fatal to our commercial prosperity — the 
secret of her own resources, and her entire 
independence of us for provisions or for a 
market lor her manufactures. The exer- 
tion of our restrictive energies, has prostrat- 
ed our own strength, but has braced and 
nerved those whom it was intended to wea- 
ken and reduce. It is in adhering to this 
restrictive system, that we discover our 
want of spirit and ignorance of our interests. 
It is here that we show submission, and a- 
bandon our Tights. We submit to the con- 
tinental system of Bonaparte, by which he 
would destroy the commerce ol the world 
(as the gentleman from Williams:own ac- 
, knowledges) and overcome Great Britain. 
I We have already, by the submission and 
i co-operation of our government, become 
parties to the continental system of Bona- 
parte, as much as the Hamhurghers or 
Prussians, with this exception — that wc are 
not yet obliged to butn British goods. — 
Here, sir, is that ktlvt rcAieA, Mr. Grundy 
declared in congress, France had (u>i\teit 
about us, and which must be cut by the 
sword — by with England ! i This 
continental system must he combatteil, or 
We are a ruined people. The more we give 
up, the greater are Bonaparte's demands on 
us, ami the more flagrant his abuse and de- 
predations. What says the Duke of Bassa- 
no to Mr. Uarlow? To our claims for com- 
pensation for confiscations under the French 
decrees, he scarcely attempts 10 amuse him 
even by distant and empty promises of fu- 
ture airagement. And as to Mr. Barlow's 
note, wherein he states our grievances, and 
makes an exposition of our rights, Bassa- 
nu says, the emperor acknowledged the rea- 
soning was ju>[ and the conclusions unde- 
niable, but it ciulil nut be reconciled with 
kit cuntinr-iitiiL tj/itcm! Shall we then 
plunge into a war with England, and with 
our arms as well as our restuciive energies, 
co oper ite in fastening upon Europe and 
ourselves this continental system ? Remem- 
ber that war with England will be alliance 
with Fnncc. 

Little lias been s.tiJ in this debate about 

.tit commercial restrictions. But i'*ey arc 

the ruin of the country, and must be re 
moved. We have stiffened immensely un- 
der them for four or five years. We now 
remonstrate against thesyslem which the 
government is pursuing, ami which expe- 
rience has proved to be uttcily inefficient 
as it regards our enemies and is little short 
of suicide. Now is an opportunity for the 
democrats of Massachusttts to do them- 
selves immortal honor. Ihcir brethren in 
New York and other s'ates have set them 
an example — they have renounced their 
faith in the restrictive system, and have de- 
t rtnincd not to support a Virginian presi- 
dent, but to give taeir suffrages for the 
friends of commerce and of peace. Would 
the " republicans" of this state do the same, 
the weight of Massachusetts might be felt, 
and the country might be rescued from 

Mr. Hor.MLs, of Alfred, — From ihe pro- 
fessions of moderation, and of a design to 
pursue a conciliatory course, which gentle 
men in the majorily have bran pleased to 
make during t.'iis session, 1 had expected 
thai this debate would ham beon held With. 
out much crimination of the general go. 
vcrmncnt, allusion to the continental sya 
tetn, or ridicule of the terrapin policy. In 
(his expedition I have been disappointed. 
I have not been able to discover any more 
moderation in the of the majority, 
than they have exhibited on former occa- 
sions, nor have Ihcy treated, with more than 
their usual deference, the constituted autho- 
rities of the nation. But it is not of any 
very great importance to me individually, 
how others are pleased to consider 1I1U 
question, or to manage this debate. I shall 
states few of my reasons against adopting 
tlis reported memorial, and h't others judge, 
how much regard is due to them. 

A crisis has arrived in the affairs of our 
country, when our government seem to have 
determined to assert (heir rights, and 1 wish 
not to embarrass ihcir councils by our in- 
terference. 1 have no fear that government 
will declare war unnecessarily ; their fur- 
ther forbearance is a sufficient pledge on this 
licad. The country is suddenly alarmed 
about an immediate war ; hut if gentlemen 
have rightly described our administration, 
a> destitute of spirit and lost to a sense of 
national honor, (here surely can be little lo 
fear from any warlike measures which they 
may propose or adopt. 

One objection to forwarding this memo- 
rial is, that it will convince our enemies that 
we arc a divided people. The British gov- 
ernment have been told that there is a parly 
in this country, who will always support 
her cause and oppose any defensive mea. 
SI 1 res ot our own government. This intel- 
ligence will he confirmed hy this memorial. 
Those who administer our government 
certainly know much better than we, what 
is the proper course to he pursued. They 
have been in session six months, and have 
deliberated on this subject ; and if no rea- 
sons exist now for declaring war, which 
did not exist si\ months ago, (as gentlemen 
bave asserted) then war will not be declar- 
ed, and we* might have spared ourselves the 
trouble, and our constituents the expellee 
which this memorial has occasioned. But 
it is said Mr. Giles is opposed to war, and 
that lie is the leader of the majority in Con- 
gress. Still less then is (he probability that 
war will he declared. It is said too, that 
members of Congress have lately been home 
and have found their constituent! averse to 

war This is a still stronger reason why 

war need not be expected, and why this 
discussion should not have been provoked. 
But the memorial itself is objectionable. 
lo the tbir d paragraph of it, the anticipated 
war is denominated "offensive war." Sir, 
is not G. Britain the offender ? lias she not 
captured oor ships ; murdered our seamen, 
prohibited our going to her enemies ports ? 
And as a rt pa ration of these injuries, if we 
take Canada, will it be offensive war on our 
part? The British have long impressed our 
sailors. This is ftn oflVnce which admits of 
no excuse. Gentlemen talk about protec- 
tions. It isan insulttometilion (hem. What 
right has Britain (osay, that wc shall fur- 
nish paper protections to our sailors, in 
order lo prevent their being impressed ? Sir, 
their country should be their protection. 
Suppose we should of the British 
that their sailors should ail have protec- 
tions, or that we would impress them 
wherever wc could find them. Would that 
nation submit to it? This is a subject of just 
war. Our fathers fought to resist a litilc 
paltry lax, which did nut oppress tham, 
hut which they considered unjust; and shall 
wc sit down under the injuries of impress. 
men(s, and loate our fellow citizrnjf in bon- 
dage, wilhout one ininly allenipt to vindi- 
cate their rights ? 

The fourth paragraph of the memorial 
slates, "it would be foreign to our pre- 
sent purpose to enlarge upon the dttptidty 
and prevarication exhibited hy France in 
■Ml her negotiations — which aggravate her 
numerous outrages — >r (o discuss the mo- 
tives allvdgcd hy G. Britainin defence of 
a system of retaliation which hears with a 
severe pru-sure on neutral lights." Why 
this studied dillereiMv in the phraseology, 
when the injuries <if these two nations are 
brought into view ? When France is men- 
tioncil, una is Accused of duplicity ami pre- 
varication, and charged with ihe commis- 
sion of aggravated outrages. But when 
Great Britain is mentioned, it is with a 

squeamish reluctance, and her outrages 
merely staled as producing a severe pressure 
on our neutral righu. 

The memorial mure than intimate*, that 
if wo go to war with ICngtanJ, our object 
cannol be obtained. But, sir, are wc not 
as well prepared now, a j we were thirty 
yaarsajoJ A war will create a navy, by 
wliiili we can defend our maritime rights; 
ami if a fjiv prc»r~;:a: irimi . J: ; the ;■:.- ■_ 
of ihe resolution could in.iich up the river 
Kenilebeck, through the wilderness, and 
could so near scale the walls of Quebec, 1 
should ihink, that now we have, acquired 
strength and resources, we couM effect the 
rcducion of that eily — and the rest of the 
provinces would fall of course. Gentlemen 
talk about our joining to enforce the con- 
liuenial system, and assisting Bonaparte to 
subdue England, What says Mr. Lloyd 
on the danger to which England is exposed 
hy this system : lie onro thought she was 
lighting for her existence, bur, he says, 
u that dream has passod away," 

1 hail not supposed this a proper place 
or a proper occa&JOO to electioneer for the 
next president, nor do I believe it right lo 
reflect upon our sister slates. 'I his compa- 
ring of different sections of ihe country is 
invidious, and I fear will be the means even- 
tually of bringing on a dissolution of ihe 

1 cannot sec the necessity of concluding 
the memorial with so solemn a disclaimer of 
all parly molives. Those who attest th?ir 
innocence before they are arcused, gener- 
ally excite suspicion, and I apprehend that 
congress would have been qtlitrfn likely to 
believe the fact, if the assertion had not 
been made. 

-Mr. Itooreu, of iVerofiurj/, was surpriz- 
ed at thu desultory naturu of the debate, 
and that topics so little connected with 
the question before the house, should be 
drawn inlo discussion. It was perhaps 
not to he wondered at, when the reverent! 
clergy, whose peculiar business it is to 
preach peace on earth, undertake to advo- 
cate war, that they should depart frum (he 
question immediately under consideration, 
and direct their remarks to collateral and 
extraneous subjects. Sir, the question is 
not about our wrongs; but whether the 
people are ready for war. What is there 
t» change our relations since the meeting 
of congress. ? We have for years been in 
much the same situation, as regards England, 
and stilt have not declared war; and now, 
when Ihe late arrivals from France have 
changed our relations with that country, 
and exhibit in still stronger light (ban ever, 
the hostility and perfidy of that nation — 
.ih^ll tfD precipitately declare war against 
England ? Sir, wc are wholly unprepared — 
where are our means ? We are without mo- 
ney — without a navy, or an army ; and are 
we madly to plunge into war ? 

Some gentlemen fiave denied our right fo 
address congress on this subject. But if 
there is any light more dear to a freeman than 
another, it is the right of expressing his o- 
pinions uf public measures, and of raising 
his voice against their destructive course. 
F.ven in Britain, which some gentlemen have 
been in the habit of representing as the 
land of slaves, the voice of the people is 
heard, and has often effected a change in the 
ministry, against Ihe will of the monarch. 
And shall we not, in a republican govern- 
ment, have those rights which (he people 
under a monarchy are acknowledged to pos- 
sess ? But, say gentlemen, the present is an 
important crisis, and wc ought not to em- 
barrass the government. Sir, this is the 
very lime for us to raise our veice— when 
our destinies are trembling on the dial's 
point of the crisis, it may be our salvaiion. 
It is said that congress have determined on 
(his subject, and (hat our interference will 
have no effect. But politicians sometimes 
change their opinions. The gentleman from 
Alfred, (Mr. Holmes) from his knowledge 
of human nature, must he perfectly sensi- 
ble of litis fact : mid congress may yet 
change their cletermiualion on Ihis subject. 
Wc do tiot wish to oinbarrass litem, but to 
throw light upon their pith. We would 
give I hem the voice of ihe people of Ncw- 
Kugbud, the bone ami muscle of the roun- 
try, who must tight the battles which the 
government wage j and if they declare war, 
the bloo.l of the nation will he on their 
heads . 

Mr. Weiib. of Weymouth, said that the 
majority of the house seemed prepared 10 
adopt some memorial of this sort, at this 
time, and it was perhaps useless for him to 
enter into this debate, for he should oppose 
the adoption of any memorial or any pro- 
ceeding upon the subject. But his feelings 
would not permit him to give a silent vote 
upon the question of accepting the reported 
remonstrance to Congress, for, in his opin- 
ion, it was a renunciation of our rights. — 
The honor of the U. States, said Mr. W. 
has been deeply stained, and ought to be 
washed out m the blood of the nation that 
has injured us. Why should not we regard 
our honor as highly as the English regard 
iheir's? Gentlemen would not say, it we 
had treated Britain as she has us, that she 
had no cause of complaint, and no oc- 
casion to call us to account : and will ihey 
be more partial to that country than to their 
own ? 

This is not a question of war or peace, 
but a question of war or submission. Bri- 
tain aoJ France have both so long ftbiujcd 

and insulted us, that it is time for its to sport 
them, that though young, yet we can and 
will defend our rights. The priority of 
wrongs is not to be considered in discussing 
this question. Whether Britain Or France 
was the first aggressor upon our neutral 
rights, is, at this time, of no joit of conse- 
quence. If one of my neighbor:, trespass on 
my field, it is no «cus C 4 >r nnnttrtr n-i -I 
bor to do the same. Both the first and the 
second do me an injury, and deserve ll..1t [ 
should punish them. This law nf retail*, 
tion is noc justifiable — no one pretends it in 
the common affairs of life — and nations mus. 
be governed by the same rules as individu- 
als. If, however, it were pertinent to en- 
ter into the question, whether Britain or 
France first violated our neutral rights, I 
should have no hesitation in saying that Bri- 
tain wis first. She in 1806 declared ihe 
coast of France to be in a state ot blockade. 
As she had no means of enforcing her de. 
claration, this blockade received the name 
of the paper blockade. Afterwards Bona 
parte, elated with his success in conquering 
the king of Prussia, declared the British is- 
lands in a stare of blockade. Certainly Br't- 
tainwas the first to violate our neutral rights 
by the blockading system. 

I do not pretend, because Britain was first 
to injure us, that we have no cause of com- 
plaint against France. She has trifled with 
us in negociation — has imprisoned our sea- 
men, burned our ships, and shamefully in- 
suited our ministers at her court. But let 
us look across (he channel and see what Bri- 
tain lias done. She has murdered our citi- 
zens, impressed our seamen, and captured 
and confiscated millions of our properly. — 
The memoiial states that France his prac. 
tised " duplicity and prevarication" in her 
negociations with us. This is true — 1 ad. 
mit it. But it is as true of England as of 
France. England has practised "duplicity 
and prevarication" in her negociations with 
our government. She p:rhaps may not 
have insulted our ministers at her owq court, 
but her ministers have insulted our govern- 
ment at home. Sir, we have supplicated 
for what we should demand, long enough. 
We have never been able to make any ar- 
rangement with her about impressments. 
This single subject is ample cause of war. I 
-have documents to show that for seventeen 
months past, 1 55a of our seamen have been 
impressed — of that number only 401 have 
been discharged by the British government. 
Of these 1558 men, G. Britain claims only 
203 as her own citizens — she claims 57 as 
having enlisted into her service — and only 
18 are subjects of foreign governments. On 
calculation we shall find that 869 nf our 
own citizens that have ben taken wuinu 1 ; 
months, are still held in bondage. U this 
no cause of war?— There is another list of 
impressed seamen not included in the num- 
ber just mentioned, which contains 223, of 
which number 200 are substantiated to be 
our citizens. If gentlemen dispute this 
statement, I can produce the budget. Sir, 
this list is more portentous to the honor and 
independence of this country than the roll 
of Ezekiel. The people will vindicate the 
government in maintaining their rights. 
They have done it in times past, and they 
will do it again. Our ancestors resisted un- 
to blood a tax upon tea, and shall we sue. 
cumb to insults and injuries so outrageous 
as those 1 have described? Sir, these in- 
sults and injuries ought to be repeated and 
repeated, till it blister die ears of gentlemen 
to hear them. 

1 do not think that we have any constitu- 
tional right to interpose in this manner up. 
on a subject exclusively vested in the fed- 
eral government. I believe it unconstitu- 
tional, because I find no mention made in 
the constitution of such a right. The rea- 
son of the thing also is against it. If this 
right belongs to the legislature of onestat;. 
it belongs to all. One state may patjtioa 
one way, and another state will sendu di- 
rectly contrary petition. If this practice is 
continued, it will tend to bring on civil war. 
For these reasons, I shall vote against this, 

Col. Chosbv, of Brook/tell, said that hi; 
constituents were almost unanimously op- 
posed to war, and that nine tenths ot th: 
people in the county of Worcester had th; 
same opinion and wishes on the subject, and 
that as their feelings coincided with his own, 
he should vote for accepting the memorUl 
and forwarding it immediately to Congros- 
[Doctor I'urrs, of Ondffj/, replied tn Mr. 
/Te/>ft,and closed the debate, and we regret 
that we were unable to hear his remarks j 


Important Stale Papers, 

Laid before Cnngrcss— rj. tinned from our lust, 

0A m rut: uHfiicits /.v cai/AVlL. 


IP^fagite, Jut -J, is,.-. 
SIR — Since I had t!i; honor ol >ecing you at 
your office yc.UTiUj, I Imvc jicrcvif^d in .ircc'a in 
the public printt, itated to tie ulrNcli I Uoxa m 
English new-fpaper, and purporting to lm 
cml dcclat.ilion 01' his Koyal Hi^huen i! 
Regent, iIiim the orders in council will h . 1 ■ ■ 
alimlu'ely revolted from the period wrten the Ber- 
lin -md M1U11 decree, jh.iil, by Mine authentic act 
0/ U>«; French Rovernmeiii, publicly p ,1,, i| ,, | ( 
be expressly ud tuicciulitiouiilly repeal* 1 
liderable nine t.<» etapied since hy Qrdei "i .-'iy 
giiveninu-ii! I hiJ ili.; honor of anting to you ilie 
Npedieacy vi pro. urin^f aiitU iui mtneatif .tec 

.. .... ■, f ,7,. h ^' -'.-iimt-nl rn.lw. all [■■■ I h:i 

iv the artt vr dp laratiou tii.iy hive been issued in 
, . ■ .- at fxpectatiati mat A* government of 

j- .: r ■,,»... ' liaSM I-. in sole 10 produce 

~ -r (Ml , 

At all I'U'iif, :ir, considering il e important na- 
ture ol the above met tinned article ami the proba- 
< .. th i Ishnl! have scon 10 be the organ of 

,, . it corr.nnmicst'ron f» the American go- 
vernment in relation to it, I cannot but trust that 
DO n ISUM will meanwhile be adopted by the COn- 
„r- ■: which Would defeat the eftdejfvniir of pro- 
cut «^ a vLMnplcrt- rc-onciltation between our two 

ShotU any embarriwmerti arise in contequence 
n thr declaration on the Abject of the proposed 
rtoricalioo of the order* in council, above alluded 
to resting it present upon a mere stnrcnunt in the 
■ennrpapen, it will no doubt occur to your recol- 
lection, that on the enactment of those orders a 
measure was taken by Congress for the purpose of 
r>-ccrin[T ihem when they were as yet known but 
through the public prints. 

I have the honor to be, &c. file. 
(Signed; AUG. J. FOSTER. 

[M> are cemftelkd tt) pOltfumt the publication of 
Hitter of ihc Ctirrtipondentie till our nrxt, 
n malt Poem f-r the Important httelligmtt which 
,.. ,.■ found In tlie evceeeiUng column*.] 

Important Intelligence. 

SVASWIVG rOV, JKKS 1«. * O'clock] P >'• 

The injunction ul secrecy waa about an hour. 
ago removed bom llie billowing Messageand 


7» the Senate and flotix of Representatives 
if the United Stot-s. 

1 I .llll'T.lllll. . 

Cmicress ccrinin documents, 
be-ins 11 continual Inn of (hose heretofore hi id be- 
furclhem, nn the mbject of our affaira with Oreal 


With nut faii^e buck beyond llir renewal in ISflS 
of ihe war in which Ureal Britain is cngneed, and 
oniiliing unrepaired wrongs of inferior magnitude, 
the rnod-ict nf lirr gimenimeol presents n series of 
an- hostile to ihe Untied Stoics n* nn iimeprn- 
u< ..i mnl neutral nation. 

British cruisers b;n* been In llie cnntlnued prac- 
tice of violating the Amrnrnn flii£ nn the great 
highway of nations, and of seizing nod carry ID* 
..ff person* tailing under il ; nnl in the eitercire nf 
n b. tligrreni right founded on the In" of milium nn enemy, hut of a municipal preropilrve 
ever British subject!. Brili-b jurisdiction is thus 
extended to neutral vessels, in u situation uliTcno 
lows con operate bm the las* of notions and the 
law;, "f ihe rnunlry lo Which < tie vessel I belong ; 
and a self redrew is assumed, which, if Urltitrr sub- 
jects were wrongful!*, detained and alone concern- 
ed, is that nit-iii in inn nf force for a. report In Ihe 
re.pnntihle sovereign, •« hich falls within the defi- 
nition nf »«r. Could Ihe seizure of Briri'lisub- 
jects, in-uiii cases, he regarded as within the 
exercise «f» belligerent right, rite arknnwled»ed 
Ian* of war. which forbid an article nf captured 
propcils. mlie adjudged, ffithegi n regular invest i- 
fafion before o competent irihunai, would impe- 
riously dprnnnd the fairest trial* where ihcmrred 
rightaol pewom were at inue. In place uf«ueh 
a trial, lle-e riglils ure subjected lo the will of 
every peilv e.imninnilrr. 

The priictiie, hfftre, i* so far frum nlTerting •uhiects alone, Dial under Ihe pretext of 

worrhiur for ilie-r. lb nndi of American eili- 

zm-. jnd.T the safeguard «( public law, and nf 
(lien nulional flag, have heeu lorn from ttieir eoun- 
tn anil fiom every ihing dear to ihem ; have been 
draggrdOD hourd ships of war nf a foreign nniinn, 
unit espiied, under the sevcriiie* of ilieir disci- 
pline, tn be exiledtO Hie must distant and deadly 
pilnic*. i« ruh (heir Itsees in the h>ttilet of ihtir 
t ppreiiors, nnd so be the melancholy iTillrumentl 
of inking away those nf ilieir owu brethren. 

Again*! 'his crying i-normily, which Great Bri- 
tain would be so pr«mpl lo avenge if romintlted 
ngainsl herself, the U. Stales have in vnlueiliausi- 
ed remnnvirnnees and eipn*lula'ions. And that 
nn proof micht be warning of their conciliatory 
dt-.pni1lir.nt, and nu prrlcat left for a cnniiniiance 
■if the iiracike, the British covemnn-ni was for- 
ruaUj n -uredof ihe teadiiu'i* of the United Stales 
(o enter inio arrangements, such as could not be 
ri-jeneri, if Ihe ret i-virv of British subjects were 
th'-rral and llie'ole nl'jecl. T'le cnmmUoiCBlion 
j.:i.-iii witboul effect. 

Hrin. h rruiiers have been in the pratice aUo nf 
violnitng the nghnand Hie peace nf our coasts.— 
Thev hover over nurl hurrah our ciiirrinj; anr" de- 
wuriiuj; commerce. To the most Ultulling prcien- 

i i thet have added ihe mnsi lawless prncei-d- 

i,p in ,.iir very harbuurs ; and have wuumnty 
s^ilt Auirncan hlnod withiu ihe lanciuory of our 
territorial juri'dieiion. — The principles and rules 
Ciifurredb) that nniinn, when a oeuliul nation, a- 
gnttiii arjied vessels nf belligerent hovering nenr 
hrr eon it*, and dlstllrbiDg her commerce, tire well 
known. When railed nu, never 111 ele»i, by the U. 
Stiitr. in pitalsh thi greflterofleuce* committed by 
'.. ■ own vesieli, her govcrnmenl hatbesinwed on 
Iheir rnminunden nddiiiunul marks of huuoi and 


Uuder pretended hlockndes, without the pre- 
ICilce nf nn udcqiiuie force, and loraclbntl wiili- 
oul ihe praetitaWlily nf applying nne, our com- 
merce lias been plundered in every leu : the gieat 
■tuple* nf «ur eouotry have heeu iui off from their 
legitimate markets ; and a rtestrurhve blow aimed 
at mil ,1'cirulliirtl and iii.iniinic iuleiesli. In ng- 

graiiili f iheie piedatwy measurei, Ihey haie 

bred considered Ol in force from the dates nf 
ihrir notification ; a reln*spcr(i*e effect being 
dun added, bi Uosbeondone in uiber impotlant 
ra<*», tothe nnlawfuJneMof the entirse punned. 
And to render ilie outrage the more signal, ihce 
mnek blni kades dnv* been reiterated and en furr- 
ed in thi- rate it' nfficial coatmunicotinrH fmnj 
itir Brlii-h gnvemmeiil. declaring, as ihe uuc dc- 

nuiiiiii. nf n legal blockade, " llifti panic r 

n..rt. mu-i he actually invested, nod previous 

one belligerent to enenn 
liltiom, ihe Irofle nf am 
dieting her men pra. H 
pi i. -■ tu 'iell ns in wnr 

ruing given 

lo vei>els bound in them, not d 

. in. 

N..I . i.menl with ihe-e qernSHitial expedient' i Lvini waste nnr neutral trjib-, ihi- Cabinet »f 
fi-rai-ltriiiiiu retorted, O' length, m the sweeping 
«mi cm of blnrkukei) antler the mine iff tildes 
in Council, which ha- been moulded 
B r<t, ni might be-i »»i( it- political ■■- 
merclal jeuli 

p„ nur tn ,-tranie- rjgninsl llir coni|ilieaied 

nurl iransreodnni injutfice .tf t«> innovation, the 
Ur.i (f|ilv »tia ihe order, were reluctantly li- 

ma n a - 
it entit- 
ies, nr Ihe avidity of British crut- 

ni 1-1 

fireal lltliatn in a uerestary 

T,er>ol ln*r eneun . proclaiming imener- 
Jr of Uf Brili-h Me-,al 9 llrjjc when the 
„.,,„; ' ..i 'fc*i eneiri) DaYed n..t lo issue from 
hi* iwn pnrn. She -"!• lemilnled wilhiinl effect, 
il. ii hef nun prior blockades, tuiiUppnried by nn 
nde qua t e avn If (tree nrioiilly nppHed uuil enn- 
tinned, were n bar to ihis plea ; lliU eserm.d e- 

din* nciiio*t mill snf our prnpeny could tun 

I,. ,. mliailini wi rdicii roiifeesedlj impossible lu 

ii. ,■. ,■, ,,i..-,l i retal 

full 1. 1, the pa'lv .i-ning 

,.., ■ , .,,1,,,, . in puny 

utit' i*tih«iu acquiescence In IN 

W i kprtved nflhli fliuisj v.aij f"t n prohihi- 

i ,i ,. .,- , i^ilr- with her ein-inv, bv tin- repeal rtl 

bt> i....|iit,n inn "four ii a.le wnlt (i.Hriiain,her , a- 
i . ii ,i ,.i ,, . ortesp iodi«| (£pen1 "• ■< prfli • 

■seal d > "imuuitiK r of il bm, n illy a - 

r a deirrmimtiioii in persUl •«<.•;, gaiivl Ib< 

Uniied "ime*, until the miirkf 1 )! of her eocni) 

, Id he iui! tn Briti'h prnrtueis -, lhu« u»- 

: , .ii. ... fin i bilgaiiuaoau acutral power lu reQiiire 

linn, lO hi' |UM, -In 

w hn h w.i.nnl even 

ge>, by i't infernal regu' 
icr belligerent j conira- 
tnituril- alt nation- in 
nndbetrnving 'he insin- 
Of those prnffsiintu which ineulrnledn 
i,. l,.i that, having re.niie.l In her orders "tih re- 
gret, -he was nnxio'n In find an occasion for pot- 
ting tin end tn (hem. 

Abandoning still mnreall reij'KI for <"c nen- rights of the United itntes, and f..r il> own 
lontitleiicv- ihe British government now demands 

a- prerripilOlcs lo a rrnelil nf lis older., n-'l.-y 

relate to the United Mutes, ihat n for mail I] 
ihnuld be ohserved in the repeal nf the French 
decreet nowise nectwutry in Ihcir irrminaiion, 
nor exemplified by Biitlsh nsfigei and that ihe 
Ftench repeal, besrki mcludmg thai portion of 

ihe decrees which operates i n n lerntonnl 

jurisdictiun, as well »<■ th.ii which operate* on 
'ihe high »easngainM the commerce of the Untied 
Stales, vli-iuld not he n .inglespeclnl repeal in re- 
1. In the V. Slaie-, but should he exten- 
ded in whatever nthei nL-uirnl nations unconnec- 
ted with them ma v be nffeeled by those decrees 

Anil as an additional insult, ibey are callurl on 
for * formal disavowal of condition! -"'d preieo- 

tions silvanced by the Frmch goveiTmenT, for 
which the United Stales are so fav from having 
been themselves re snon bible, that, ill official es- 
plaiirtl'tons, which have been publishtd lo the 
world, vnd in a correspondence of the Ammicari 
Minister at Lonilon.wjih the British Minister for 
Foreign Affairs) such a responsibility was ex- 
plicitly and emphatically disclaimed. 

It has become indeed sufficiently certain thai 
the commerce nf the United Stales is to be sa- 
crificed, not as interfering with the belligerent 
rights of Great BriUinj not as supplying ibe 
wants of her enemies, winch she hersell sup. 
plies ; but as interfering with ibe monopoly 
Which she covets for hei own cnmmercu and na- 
vigation. She carries on a war against ihe law- 
ful commerce of a friend, that she may the bet- 
ter cany on a commerce With an enemy, a _ com- 
ma ce polluted by the forgeries and perjuries 
which are for the most part the only passports 
by which it can succeed. 

Anxious in make every experiment short of 
llie last resort of injured nation*, ihe U. Stales 
have withheld from G Britain, under successive 
modifications, the benefils of a Tree intercourse 
with llietr market, llie loss or which sould not 
but ..'ii'.. i. !. the profits accruing from her re- 
stttciions of our commerce with other nations. 
And lo entitle lhe»c experiments lo the more fa- 
vorable consideration, they were so framed as 
In enable her lo place lier adversary under the 
exclusive (rpcratjoii ofUietn. To these appca^ 
her government has been equally inflexible, as if 
willing; lo make sacrifices of every sort, rather 
than vield to ibe claims of justice or renounce 
the errors of a false pride. Nay, so far were the 
attempts carried, lo overcome ihe attachment of 
the British Cabinet, to its nivjual edicts, that it 
received every encouragement, within thi; com - 
pelency of llie Executive branch of our govern- 
ment, to expect that a repeal ollliem would be 
followed hy a war between the United States 
and France, unless llie French edicts should al- 
so lie repealed. Kven this communication, al- 
though silencing forever the plea ol a disposition 
in the United States to acquiesce in those edicts, 
originally Hie sole plea lor them, received no at- 

If no other proof existed of a predetermination 
nf the British government against a repeal of its 
prdori, it might be found in the correspondence 
of the Minister Plenipotentiary of the U. States 
■t London, ai.d the British Secretary for Foreign 
Affairs in 1610>ii the question whether the block- 
ade uf May 1806, was considered as in force or as 
not in force. It had been asceitained lhat the 
French government, which urged this blockade 
as llie ground of its Berlin decree, was willing, in 
the event of its removal, to repeal lht-t decree -, 
which being tollowtd by alternate rental* of llie 
uther offensive edicts, might abolish tbe whole 
system on both sides. This inviting opportuni- 
ty for accomplishing an object so important to 
the United States, and professed so often to be 
the desire of boih the belligerents, was made 
known to the British government. As that gov- 
ernment admits that an actual application of an 
adequate force is necessary to the exislence of a 
legal blockade, and it was nnlorious, that.if such 
a force had ever been applied, its long discon- 
tinuance had annulled the blockade in question, 
there could be no sufficient objection on the part 
of Great Britain to a formal revocation of il ; and 
nu imaginable objection to a declaration of the 
fact lhat the blockade did not exist. The ileclar- 
a'ion would have been consistent with her avow- 
ed principles of bh.cknde, and would have en- 
abled the United Stales to demand from France 
ihe pledged repeal of her decrees ; either with 
success, in whicn case the way would have been 
upened for a general repeal uf lite belligerent 
edicts ; or without success, in which case the 
V . Slates would have been justified in turning 
their measures exclusively against France. — 
The British government would, however, neith- 
er rescind ihe blockade nor declare its non-ex- 
istence ; nor permit its nonexistence to be in- 
ferrred and affirmed by the American Plenipo- 
tentiary. On the contrary, by representing the 
blockade to be comprehended in the orders pn 
council, the United States were compelled so to 
regard it in iheir subsequent proceedings. 

There was a period when » favourable change 
in the policy of the British cabinet was justly con- 
sidered as established. The Minister Pleuipo- 
' letiliary of his Britannic Majesty here proposed 
nn adjustment of ihe differences more immedi- 
ately endangering the harmony of the two coun- 
tries. The proposition was accepted with a 
promptitude anil cordiality corresponding wilh 
ihe invariable professions of this government. A 
foundation appeared lo be laid lor a sincere and 
lasting Teeonrilation, The prospect, however, 
quickly vanished. The whole proceeding was 
disavowed by the Blilixh government without 
| any explanation which could »i lhat time repress 
; ihe ij-iit-r,' ihat ibe disavowul proceeded from a 
spirit of hostility in the commercial rights ^nd 
prosperity of the United Slates And it has 
since come into proof, lhat at the very moment 
when the public Minister* was holding the lan- 
guage of friendship, and inspired conn deuce in 
the sincerity ol the negociation with which he 
was charged, a secret agent of his government 
waa employed in intrigues, having for iheii ob- 
ject a subversion of our g ivtji nniuu, and a dis- 
memberment of our happy Lni»ii 

In reviewing the conduct nt'G Britain towards 
the United Sliitev, out attention ii necessarily- 
drawn to the warfare just renewed by the sava- 
ges on ohu of our extensive frontiers -, a warfare 
which is known lo spare neither age nor sex, 
and to be distinguished by features peculiarly 
Shocking to humanity. It is difficult 10 account 
fur the activity and combinations winch have for 
some lime been developfhg themselves among 
iIil tribes in constant intercourse «iih British 

traders and gimMiu*, willlOUt connecting their 
hostility won that inlluen.e - and without recol- 
lecting the authenticated examples of such in- 
ler positions h i-ctofore iiiuii*ii,*d by the officers 
and agents ol thai government, 

Such is Uh- spectacle of injuries and indigni- 
ties winch have liren heaped oil our cnuuliy , 
and such the crisis whieh iis unexampled tur- 
be a. ran e* and conciliatory efforts have noi been 
able to avert It might at leant havobeen ex- 
pected, that an enlightened nation, if less urged 

by moral obligt n., or invited by friendly (list* 

posilioui on the part ol Lite United States, would 

have round ill ill rVrte Intercsl alone ft sufficient 

. motive to.vspecitheirrighlsaiultricrlraoqiii:.. 

I iv on the high seas: ihat *n enlarged nil icy 
would have favored thai free ami general cucu- 
Ittinn ol coirfmerca, i" whs* ihe nation 

| is at interested, a-si which in limes of 
war is the best alleviation of us calamities to 
herself, as well as the oilier belligerents , and 
more especially that the British Cabinet would 

I not for the sake of a precarious and surrepnnous 
intercourse with hostile markets, have persever. 
ed in a course of measures which necessarily put 
at hazard tbe invaluable market of a great and 
growing country, disroscd to cultivate the mutu- 
al advantages of an attive commerce. 

Other counsili havipvnaihil Our moderation 
anil conciliation have lad no other eject than to en. 
towage perMvertnlect and to enlarge pretmume. 
Ifr behold our lenfieing cirisM* ttrlt the dials 
victimi of IimteuvMnea commlttd on the great 
cxmmin and highwouof'ttitioiit, even within light 
of the county vhithovieo '*''»» protection. He 
behold our vest**, frtig&tedvilh the Product* of 
our toil and inittmry, or ^etur"i"g totth ike htntlt 
proceed* efthrm, i.reAtedfrot* their l.wful tHitinit- 
tiono, celtfitentttl by prite longer the or- 
ranteffinbtit 'ov.btil the mttrumcnti of arbitrary 
edict*/ and their unfortunate crew* ditpenett and 
toil, or force,! or infttglct ill Brittth port* into 
ilritiih fleet* : vhiltt arguments are employed, m 
tvpport of thete aggrttiUat, which have ho fowtdtt- 
lion b-it in a principle equally tvf'poriing a claim 
to regulate onr txttnvtl commerce ill all cote* Wmt- 

We behold, in fine, on th* aide of G. Britain, a 
itate nf-mif agutnet the United State* ; and on 
the tide of the United Slate* a etute of peace to- 
■uxxril* Great Britain. 

Whether the United Statet shall continue patn-je 
uiuler thete progretiive utarpationi, and theie oi- 
cumxhiting wonga ; or.oupoiifg force to force in 
dejence of their natural right*, limit commit GJHxt 
cause into the hantU of the .llmighty Disposer of 
event! ; avoiding all connection* whichrliight entan- 
gle It in the tonteit* or vita* of other pavers, and 
prnerving a cd'nuant readiness to concw in an hon- 
orable, re-eetablifhment »ffwate and friendship, i* a 
solemn aveitien, which the eanititutioH viiely ecu- 
fides to the Legislative Department of the govern- 
ment, Jn recommending it to iheir early deltber- 
alien:, I am happy m the assurance ihat the deeir 
lion vitl be wt'iy the enlightened and patriot, e 
councils of a virtuous, a free, and a powerful na- 

iliiring presented thi* view of the relation* of the 
United State* wthGreat Britain, and of the so'emn 
alternative growing out pfthem, I preeeett to re- 
mark that the dinmutucations last made to Congrest 
on the subject at oilr relation" with France wilt have 
shown that, *i*ce the revocation of he'- decries as 
they violated the neutral rights of the U. States, 
her government has authorised illegal captures, by 
it* privateers and public ships, and thai other out- 
rage* have been practised on our vessels and our 
citizens It -on II have been seen alio, that n» in- 
deirfluty had been provided, or satisfactorily pledg- 
ed, for the extensive spoliations committed under 
the violent ami retrospective orders of the French 
government against the property of our citizens 
seized within the jurisdiction of France. 

I abstain at thi* time from recommending to the 
consideration of Congress definitive measures with 
respect to that nati*n, HI the expectation, lha' the 
refill »f uncliied discHiiion-f between nur JMinitter 
Plenipotentiary at Paris and the French govern- 
ment wdl speedily enable Congress f decide, with 
greater advantage, on the course due to it\e rights, 
the interests, and the honor of our couutru. 

J.4MF.S M.iDlSOX. 

Washington, June 1, 1312. 





'Ihe Committee on Foreign Relations lo 

Twhont was referred the Mfnge ofth* Fretideut 
ofthe Umted States of the Uf of June, 1812, 

That after the experience which the United 
States have had ol" the great injustice of the British 
government towards them, exemplified by so many 
acts of violence, and oppression, it will be more diffi- 
cult to justify to thfc impartial world their patient 
forbearance, than the measures to which it has be- 
come necessary to resort, to avenge the wrong-, and 
vindicate the rights anil honor of the nation. Your 
committee are hnpsiy to Observe, on a dispassionate 
review of the conduct of the United Stales, that they 
see in it no cause for censure. 

If a long forbearance under injuries ought ever to 
be considered a virtue in any nation, il is one which 
peculiarly becomes the United States. No people 
ever bail stronger motives lo cherish pence : none 
have ever clieriihcd it with greater sincerity and 

Bui ihe period lias now arrived, when the United 
Slates must support their character and statinn b- 
inouj; the nations of the earth, or submit to the most 
shameful degradation. Forbearance has eeaseft lobe 
a virtue. War on the one side, and peace on the 
Other, is a situation as ruinous at it is disgraceful. — 
The mad ambition, the lust of power, and com- 
mercial avarice or Great Britain, arrogating lo her- 
icll the complete dominion of the Ocean, and exer- 
cising over it an unbounded and lawless tyranny, 
have- Irft to neutral .carious an alternative only, be- 
tween the base tuiTender of their rights, and a man- 
ly vindication nf them. Happil* for the U. States, 
their destiny, under ihe aid of Heaven, is in their 
own hands. The crisis iv formidable only by their 
love of peace. As soon as it becomes a duly lo re- 
linquish that situation, danger disappears. They 
have suffered no wrongs, they have received no in- 
sults, however great, for which they cannot obtain 

More than seven years have elapsed, since the 
eommenc^Wrent of this system of hostile aggression 
by the British government, on the rights and inter- 
ests oflhe United States. Th* manner of its com- 
mencement was not lesi hostile, that) the spirit with 
win, hit has boen prosecuted. The United Btatcs 
have invariably done every thine in their power to 
preserve the relations of friendship with Great rtri- 
tjun Hi il.i« riitprnltion tlay gave a distinguished 
piwof, at the moment when they were made the vic- 
tims of an opposite policy. The wrongs of the Inst 
war b- d not been forgotten at the eororoe nee muni of 
the present one. XJicy warned us of dangers, a- 
gainst which ii was sought m provide, A» early iut 
the year I8ui, (he Minister oi the United State's at 
London was in yt rutted, lo invite the British govcrn- 
menl to enter into a negotiation on all thepoiuison 
which a eoHhion might arise between the two coun- 
tries, in the course of the war, ami lo propose to il 
act arrangement of their claims ou fair ami reason- 
able conditions. The Invitation was accepted. A 

negotiation Innl tooiincneed and wui depending, anil 
nothing lutil occurred lo lKoiil a doubt that it would 
not terminate to ihe ■ntislautiDii of both the purtius. 
It wan at tUn lime, nnd under lb SSL* oiruilnufluiiuca, 
thn< nn attack vya* made, by surprise, on an impor- 
tant branch of ibe American Commerce, k In. Ii j|- 

feeied every pan ofthe United Slates, and Involved 
nianv ol'theii'titizciis in ruin. 

The commerce on which this attack was >o unex- 
pectedly uindej "•■is between tin United Btatcaaod 
the oolouies of France, Spain am] pthef enemit • of 
Great Britain. A commerce just in itself; tanetlo ti- 
ed by the evample of (iii-nl Hiitni rttgnnl to (lie 

ir.ule with Iter own colonies ; SnliCliontid by a so- 
lemn act between the i«o r>ovorunienis in the last 
war; anil aau'utioned Try the practice ol the Ilritiih 
government in the present w»r, rooti lliao twoyaaia 
iii.»i § thi ii elapsed, wrtli out any iiilcrrctsjuee with il. 

The iivjtuliee of ttoa Atthelt oould only be caiiallcd 
by the auaurdttv of iho pretaxt alludged font it 
was prutuuifcd ay the ijrirjsh govern men tj that in 

tasc of wiir, li.-r enemy hud no right to lift il t n- 

loninl rugulatlpns, u a« t Eiigau the oaUiuitiM of 

wiu- m tin ubitftiiUnl it ooloiuos This prcli n- 

sioo, peutiliai In i. nri , •• niterlv incnoiputjblc 

arith tlh rights of soverolcul) hi every indepKiiiJcnt 
state. If n>* ii'.'Ui- to the well estabhsli .1 ....I Dui- 
i.i .,11, i.Imi-i-i'.i I ,u ol .ijiii,,,-,, ... nhall lii id nu 

sanction tor: in that vcr.-rsld- ?r. ■:• T. - 

iy of every state Is co-extenslve with its il i 

nnd cannot be sbi-osoiteil, nrouruiled in it« oghw, as 
toanypaM f exoepi by eonquest V.-.u-.-A natinn! 
have a right to trade lo c«ny portofeithe* own- 
get-ent, which il nnl legally blookntlcd ;anil in all "- 
Bclcs which arc not eotitriibaiul "i war Siielt t the 
ibsurditj oi this pretension, that your eommlti 
are aware, esppciullv after the able manner in 
il hns been heretofore refuted, and cxposei 
thev would •flernn iusuli to the uudci-slamlinG oi 
the House, if they enlarged on it, and if any Unng 
could "'hi to the high sense of the injustice ol il 
British gov. rnment in the transaction, n wonl 
the contrast which Iter conduct exhibits in regard to 
this trade, mul in rusard to n similar tonic by iioU- 
trals with her own colonics. It i« known lo the 
world, ihHt Groat Britain regulates hn- own trade, 
in war nnd in peace, til home ami in her colonies, 
as she finds for her interest — tint in war die relates 
the restraints u her aoloninl system in favor of the 
colonies, ami that it never «><* sttggcstcil that she 
bail not .! right 10 do it , or that a neutral in taltlOg 
ml vantage of ihe relax noon violated a bolligcrcut 
right ol'her enemy. But with Great Britain every 
thing is lawful It is only in n trade with her ene- 
mies fhflttho Uuited States can do wrong. Willi 
ibriii i.ll trade is unlnwfnl. 

In ibe year I7y:i, an sllsck was made by the Bri- 
tish govermneiit on the umc branch of one neutral 
trade, which hud nearly involved the two countries 
in war. Tim t difference however was amicably at 
eommodaled. The pretension was withdrawn and 
reparation made to the U. States for the ln«ca 
which they had suffered by it. It was fair to infer 
from that arrangement Hint the commerce was 
deemed by the Ifi'itish government lawful, and thai 
it wnuld not be again disturbed. 

Hail the British government been resolved to con- 
test this trade with neutral*, it was due to the char- 
mer of the British nation that the ileoisiun should 
be made known to the Government of the I tilted 
States. The existence of a iiegoiiatinn which hail 
been invited by our government, for the purpose of 
preventing differences by an amicable arrangement 
of their respective pretensions, gave a strong olaim 
to the notification, while it afforded the fairvst op- 
portunity for it. Bui a very different policy ani- 
mated ihe then Cabinet of England. Tbe liberal 
confidence and friendly overt 11 res of the U. Slates 
were taken advantage of lo cm n ate them- Steady 
t0.ils purpose and inflexibly; hostile to this country, 
the British government culinly looked forward lo 
the moment, when it might give the most deadly 
wound to our interests. A tnulc just in itself, whieh 
was secured by so many strong anil saoreil pledges, 
was considered salt-. Oor citizens with their usual 
industry and enter prize had embarked in il n vnst 
proportion of their shipping, and of their capital, 
which were at sea, unilei no other protection thnu 
die law of nations, nnd the confidence which thev 
reposed m the justice and friendship of the British 
natinn. At this period Ihe unexpected blow was 
given. Many of nut- vessels wocc seized, carried in- 
to port and condemned by a tribunal, which, while 
it professes to respect the law of nations, obey* the 
mandates of its own government Hundreds of oth- 
er vessels were driven from the oraan, and ihe trade 
itself in a great measure suppressed. The effect 
produced by this attack on the lawful commerce of 
the U. Stales was 't>;\, us might have been expected 
from a virtuous, independent ami highly injured peo- 
ple But one sentiment pervaded the whole Ameri- 
can nation. No local interests were regarded ; no 
sordid motives felt. Without looking lo the pnrts 
which suffered most, the invasion of our rights was 
considered a common cause, and from one ejclr enti- 
ty of onr Union lo ihe other, was henrd ihe voice of 
an united people, calling on their government to a- 
venge Iheir wrongs, and vindicate ihe righls and 
honor of the country." 

From this period the British government has gone 
nn in n continued encroachment on the righls and in- 
terests of the United Stales, disregarding in its 
course, in many instances, obligations whieli have 
heretofore been held saored by civilized nations. 

In May, IHOfi, the whole coast of ihe continent 
from the Elb lo Brest inclusive, was declared to be 
in a state or blockade. Bv this act, the well estab- 
lished priuciplcs of the biw of nations, principles 
which have served for ages as guides, and fined the 
boundary between the rights of belligerents and neu- 
trals, were violated : By the Inw ol nations, as re- 
cognized by Great-Britain herself, no blockade is 
lawful, iinloM it be sustained by the application of an 
adequate force, and thai an adequate force was ap- 
plied to this blockade, in it-full extent, ought not to 
be pretended. Whether (.rent- Britain was able to 
maintain, legally, so extensive n blockade, consider- 
ing the war in which she is engaged .requiring such en- 
tensive naval operations, is a question whieh u is not 
necessary at this time to examine. It is sufficient to 
be known, lhat such force was not applied, and this 
is evident from the terms of the blockade itaelf, by 
which, comparatively, an inconsiderable portion ol" 
the coast only was declared to be in a slate of strict 
and rigorous blockade. The objection to the measure 
is not diminished by that circumstance. If the force 
was not applied, the blockade vias unlawful from 
whatever cause the failure might proceed. The 
belligerent who institutes the blockade cannot ab- 
solve itself from ihe obligation to apply thcfoi 
der any pretext whatever, For a belligerent to relax 
a blockade, which it eould not maintain, it would be 
a refinement in injustice, ant less insulting to Ihe Un- 
derstanding than repugnant to the law uf nations — 
To claim merit fur the mitigation of an evil, which 
the party cither had not the power or found il incon- 
venient to inflict, would be a new mode of encroaching 
on neutral rights — Your committee think it just to 
remark thai this act of the British government docs 
not appear to have been adopted in the sense in 
which il has been since construed. On consideration 
of all the oiixamslaiiceft attend Jug the measure, mid 
particularly ihe character of the distinguished states- 
man who announced it, we are persuaded lhat it was 
conceived in a tpirit of conciliation and intended lo 
lead to nn accommodation of nil difference! between 
the United SlateB and Great-Britain. Hi* death 
disappointed that hope, and the act hns since Laconic 

subservient to other purposes. It has bee Bile by 

his successors a pretest for that vnst system or usur- 
pation, u-liich has so long oppressed and hn missed 
our commerce. 

The next act of the British government which 
claims our attention is the order ol* council ol* Janu- 
ary 7, 1807, by which neutral powers are prohibited 
trading from one i , rt to another of France or her 
allies, or any other country with which Great-Bri- 
tain might mil freely trade. By this older the pre- 
tention ol England, heretofore claimed b> ever] o- 
tlicr power, to prohibit neutrals disposhigof parts ol 
tluir i.iigoi-salihfferent parts of the MOl a enemy, 
is revived anrlvmh vast iirrumulntinn 61 Injury,— 
Uviry enemy, however great the number OV distant 
from each other, is considered one, and llie like 
trade even with powers nt peaoe with l''.nglniiil, «ho 
from motives of pointy hud excluded or re trained 
ber commerce, was also prohibited. In ibis act the 
British government evidently disclaimed all rcgitltl 
for neutral rights. A wave dint ihe measures author- 
ised by it could find no pretest in any bulligoi 

I., I .-v. 


oib " 

t. ni 01 



which 1 


In ' 




C ilrv 



«as no 



Ignlcl fed ron-ummated thttt . y9 - 
01l .tu-n.i ereeofthf I uiled .Mat,-, 

.,,„). so steadily purMcd. ay 
fi .„„, hor tdltes nnd every other 
, ,,;, ,,,, u.nritam, or «ii b "Inch she 
from which the British flag waa ex- 


was nn, in -—i i., r * 


strioi and rigoroils man- 

Tin' produce nt.d lunnulac- 

d volumes, ami the vessels 


Totlil* older certain except 

; n h wi- forbear t" iioUw, bet nu tc 

"". , - . . .„.„, dieini.dhv policy in p. icttiba 

cenf England, and so I'm- aiUlu.') related to 
neutral Jowers, were said to otnaimto from the cle- 

^''Tt.minioo •.'-' D a ea„w„. completely 

u,' nmdhvi.aiu tree forinddeu and everj-tlag 

ive Vmn it or suhjeotOil to capUU-0 I cmulem- 

nnion.wliie d not subserve the no .«> ',. the Un- 

tish government b) paying it a wlnue sad ng 
"ndwltassme'don: From ibis pemil tbe Untied 
St.t.-h.ive incurred the In ■av.e-t lo-scs mid most 
mo.t.lVing humiliations. They have born., the ca- 
lamilics of wot without retorting litem on tls au- 
di on.- , , 

So far your committee has presented to the view 
of the House the oggrtssioVis which have been eotn- 
uiiitcd under theauthorilv of the British gov. rnmenl 
o-. ihe commerce ofthe Uniied States. Wewillnow 
proceed to oilier wrongs whieli have been mil more 
severe!) tl1 ' *mong these is lite impressment ol 
nur seiunen, a practice wlduh has been nnctasliicly 
miiintiiiiicil bv tireat-nritain in the wlirs 10 which she 
has been a party since ouv revoluiion. Your coin- 


t * IdookiulBdin i 

ner, and all trade in ariivi" 

tura est louuiruaa-j 

L .„„.„l in il -v L -.e / ulueeU-d | .o,a l UU.r : 

nation as lawful pmc 

/«** made wlii*ii '" 


By to 

nn. I so tiif»» '' 

nitlicc ooi 
tense wlni 
presaion ol 

nt eonvvv in aderpiate terms the deep 
the; entertain Of the injustice and op- 

this proceeding. Under the pretext of 
impressing British sennion, onr fellow oltixuns are 
scixed in British ports, on die high seas, and in every 
oilier quarter to which the British power extends, 
ate taken on hoard British men ol* war anil compel- 
led to Serve there as British subjects In this mode 
our citizens are wantonly snatched from theit-eoun- 
try mid their families, deprived or their liberty and 
doomed lo an ignominious nnd slavish bondage. Com- 
pelled lo light die batiks ol" a foreign country and 
oft i -n to perish in them, Our flag has given them no 
prnleetioil ; it has been UnOcnsVngl) violated and our 
vessels exposed to danger bv the Inssof men taken 
from them. Your committee need not remark that 
while the practice is continued, it is impossible for 
the United Stales lo consider themselves an indepen- 
dent nation. Every new case is anew proof of their 
degradation. Its continuance is the more unjustifia- 
ble because the United States have repeatedly pro- 
posed to the British government an arrangement 
which would secure lo il thecnnlroul of its own peo- 
tile. An exemption of the citizens of the United 

Slates from this degmding oppression, null their fing 
from violation, is all that they have sought 

This lav* less waste ofout trade and equally unlawful 
impressment ot onr seamen, have been muufi aggravat- 
ed by die insults and indignities attending them. Un- 
der the pretext of blockading the harbors or Frain-e 
ami her allies, British squadrons have been stationed 
on our own coasts, to waieh and annoy our own bade. To 
give effect to the blockade of European pons, the pons 
ami harbors of the Units ■> States have been blockaded. 
In executing these orders of the British government, 
or in obey ing the spirit whieb was known lo animate it, 
the commanders Of these squat Iron s htive encroach ed 
on our jurisdiction, sei?,etl our vessels, and carried into 
effeci impressments withiu our limits, and done other 
actsnf great injustice, violence and opnit-m.n 'Ihe 
U. States have seen, v. ilh mingled indignation and sur- 
piis. , ilmi these acts, instead of procuring lo the per- 
petrators the punishment due to unauthorised crimes, 
have not failed to recommend ihem to the favor of their 

Whether the British government has contributed by 
active measures lo excite against us the hostility ofthe 
Savage tribes on our frontiers, your committee 'tire not 
disposed to ocuapy much time In investigating. Certain 
indiualiutiiofgeilerfll HOIOiitwy may supply the place 
ot authentic documents ; tho' these have not been 
wanting to establish the fact in some instances. It is 
known lhat symptoms ol" llrilish hostility towards the 
touted States have never failed to prmlnoe correspond. 
iug symptbmsnmoiiglhuse tribes, his alio well know lj 

" ill "^h occasions, abundant supplies of the or- 

1,1 I munitions of war have been afforded by ihe n- 

geots ol British coinnierolnl companies, and even from 
British garrisons, wherewith they were enabled io eont- 
meare that S) stem of Savage warfare on our frontiers, 
v, bn h h:n been at all times indiscriminate in its cHoet, 
on all ages, sexes nnd condilions.and so revolting to hu- 

* committee would be mnch gratified if thpr 

could close here the delail of British wrongs ; but it is 
Ihrir duty lo recke another act of still greater malignity, 
than any ol those whieh have been already brought lo 
your view. The attempt to dismember nur Union and 
overthrow nur excellent constitution, bv a secret mis- 
sion, the object of which was to foment discontents ana 
estiu- insurrection against the constituted authoritiel 
. snd laws nf ihe nation, as latelv diacloseil bv the aeen( 
, employed in it, affords full uronf thut thcreisnobountl 
to the hostility of ihe British governrai tu to ward s thq 
| United Stmes — no net, however unjustifiable, which it 
I would not commit to accomplish (lieir rum. This ai. 
' tempt excites the greater horror from the consider*,- 
lion thai it was made while llie U. S nud (i. Britain 
were -,t pence, and an ami! able negociution h,i= depend. 
mjj bctinen them li.r the ncconunutbilion of their mt- 
ferences ihrough public nutustera regularly authorized 
fur the purpose. 

The II. States hate beheld, with unexampled frr- 
bi.!u .mcc, (his continued scries of hostile elicioiirluiiciil* 
on ihiar rights and interests, in the hope, lhat, yield- 

ti.^ lo the luree of li'ienilly I'eiiioii.iiiii.,.-., nlieii re- 

lienled, the British govvmmenc might adopt a more 

jillt policy towards lln-ni ; I Il'lt ItOpv SlO'lOngEr 

exists, Fliey have aim weighed impniliully the rtti- 
soiti which linve been urged hi the British goventmc'ht 
in viudicaiion oi these ennroivuhnicutf, and luand in 

them neidicrjitstifieniii apology 

The British gnvei-nment has nlh dged in vindication 
oflheurderf iticouiiuil thai Ihey were rvtortedtoaan 
i etnlmlion on France, lor similar agevs liODI committed 
by her on our neiural n.nle with tbe British 'lomini- 
nns. lluLhow has this |dea been supported ? The datis 
oi flrvuah and French aggrcssinns at* well known to the 
Moiid. Their origin ami progress linve been marked 
trilit too wide ami desuiiultve a waste of the property 

"'' ' follow rin.ei... in Iihvc been futgoUen. The 

leei-ccot Beilinof Xov. -ilst, 1806. was the first nt- 
gresiion of b'rmiecmihc present war. Eighteen monthl 
had then elapsed, after the ut^ek made hi Great Bri- 
tain on onr uuuiml trade, wilh the Btilonies or Franco 
and In r.. Ihe-. and ,ix Innnlbl Iron, the dnle of herpn- 
Blum it n ..i .'■: ,. . 1816 • k, l .„ „„ v \ w :ill J/Uu ]W7 

tlietUteol ihe Srsi Brill sli onl=r inc. cil.BOihori 

'• (l , " 1 elapsed, after the Berlin decree, lhat it 

wtvslturlils pussthlu thai ( | le imcllisunoe of it >u,»il,l 
limti i i-aclictl Ure United States A retaliation whirl, is 


■i in h culpable acqiiimcenee in the UnltlWfuUolof the 
i hei Bclhgtttcni It might to be delayed until nfitr 

protluce, eoiisi*liog ol" innocent articles at any port 
of a belligerent, not blockaded, to consider every 
belligerent us one, and subject neutrals tu the same 
restraints wilh all, nail there was but one, were hold 
encroachments, Butt., restrain or hi (ii\v wanner 
inter fere v. ith our ootnmeree with [ untluus 
s*Uli wliimi GrcaiJlritiun was at pcaue, and ngainsi 
whom ihe hnil no justili ■ lc euusc of wur, for tin 

'die lr thai they resin i or esc] ml ml from 

their uoii, her commerce, waauuerl} meuiupaiibl" 

* i'n anaeh ..;, ntr> Tiflilfai trade, a* n u i,rr t 
called, has never, t» r/ui day, h -en -nude „ brele t ( by 
the !■ iv-i,.7i o-troerttment, fir their dearer*. In their 
taet offielni net whinhha, reached thtt eouiitry the 
rtpoii yj the Minitter of Foreign Uelutiom of Mar ok 
OVA, MW. tl it cxpreiily declared, '• /, „a' s ,n ISOfi 
ic commenced the execution of this lusrem,* vis. 

... : :i ?::i ....,,oi„sub l isU„g between the two ,f ilh ,J ^^" "i,;'^'-^- 
We mo-ed to bring into view the British Order Sl?m7iu« e % LS^,™'''' '^ "H" V "" 

iii nothing sea* done. Six year* have patted 
flwny, unit aftotally different state of t!,v>- , ,, ■ 
f.x eiy Item oj the trade which G. it. then ititcrtlioted 
aiutu great J.,il more, i* no* prohibit,-.! by fftmu- 
purl,-. So tang hn* thi, celled to be a subjeet of 
complaint uguuut G it. thut the President ha* for- 
gotten to .lame ,t umansr the. caw.,; „J the tear ' If 
then ih' people called on $ovei nm.-,,! lo nveii rt their 
wrong their voice w,« unheard i and nu , -.,,,.„ 

'■■' ■■■"■ «l« <>■■»■■ snag, and -when tur means of 

idimnMed by won than the 
, all who are conctrtiedm com- 

'•':■•■■ It/court, hare aw intcreu in the event of 

ii«- war, with ...-■ voice siipplieaa .■■.-,,„,„..„ ' 
save them from t/u run ■■; thi* oar. and ttitl >),■■.. 
taxes i- unheard , , 

imowti which i 

d that proclamation, we are willine to 

/••pi tin- Inn- 
uve oj a preceding paragraph of thi- tilumjtilo— 
tre are persuaded thai it mat conceived in ti ihuit 
oj connliatmi, and intended to Usadtntm ai-rommod.:- 
ttonoj alldijei-encet between tne ' . Mates and G 
Urilahif nnd of Mr. Itandilph—" that bttchade 
wu legal, agreeably to the tang estiibliifteti pr nciptes 
ofvatfoiMriawtanctlonedbyilK V St, ,„■,.'• fl\ 

vttl mly add, that Mr. JU oe, the ,- minister at 

u-maon, aid not I'emouetmte a rii/n tn -that in un- 
mtnciug a to tm own government he -pent , of it a* 
a ineatnee highly mtUfaciory to the commercial in- 
■ . and that th„-e „.„. .,„ „„ ,„„„, „ ; u „, >w , 
/■;■'■■'-■■'.:. ■■■«"■. ■■>»■„: (I.. ■.,„,„/,., themaeiner u 
wtiteh t/us nttlyai . . treated in tai* mwif, wo, ,i ,.',-,, 
i(ii(l tidtntsuM ..j the prloKitij „J tin French n.-.-. 
" i '■'.' 'i'- tutttrai rigid*. '/„, 

viflcient llm*. hail been ifflow*! to (he p.'ttiral tn rf . 

m i istmle <■; mist the fni'inwfre >■ |ilaiiiti] ,,:. 

,.,.,.,■ ...i answer, nml in in; i, which hwl urn been 

■line in rhc [>pc"iii in<triiio< mill when (he nnlcr of 

\ iruml)i-|' lllli •>». Wiled, !> is li'i'll l.|n,,vn ilnil , «,ln- 

)■-'■■ - "l I'' 1 ' ■■ I'" 1 "li'plnhil in iIh, i >,, itfrniito- 

lenliarV nl ihU United M : .|.. „ |' „ „, ,l,„ ,, „ ,.. ,„,, 

„.!.,,.. i, .1 that ilic ileureu ill IK-vlin Jio .i T u w tin 

tl State*, lii eintnli) well ktinwn, Hint iwi'Ahhtw- 
witi vessel li-i.l [lien liven • Ii mint) under it, or seiz- 
ure lieon nnftrte, Willi which Urn British gnvermucnl was 
in- |ii'iui(-il I'lie facts prove iumuintibly, that the 
.,, >miiivsnfI'nitic«,howovei iinjii .tjii.ihlc in thou wive*, 
were nodim™ more thriu ■■ prr-teXl Inrlhmoof ISueJiuiil 

An. I hi' ihc ius'ihieienuy nf tlmi i it-texi iph pronl 

Imrilrotuh heen arlhrdrd In the Urillsh government 

ii i>lf, mill in t!lC ni'iM im|ll-Cf« in.' [mill. Although it 

<rni ilculiirol that ilit unli-11* 111 uoimuil were rein liatory 
o.i Pniucc for Ivor iteerue*, ii was «lii> declared, nnd in 
the nislei-j themselves, that owing intli* superiority «( 
the Hi in. t, imvv, b; which tl-< Heel ml Kratitc uiul her 
■Mica wove confined within their own |ioi I), the Fundi wre cmvsidorud nulj us emplv threats. 

It i- mi justification Ol lliO Winllpllf Olll! power, til »l 

Bn-Uk" wei-e committed by aiinihcr ; nor ought the 
rmit, i( 'i'"-. in have (wen iirejisil by either, n* it could 
ai'm-il iin proof ill" its love of utuiuv. nfiu inngnnnimi- 

Iv, oi' even of its e ■■<».<! Ii is rnore ivonhj lliec.ij- 

vi-niiiu'iit Ma great nation, In i-rllvvu ihwi to ami) the 
injured, v..-' e in ii repetition ■■! the wrongs by iino- 
Ihi r i"i«'Pi* repair ihe vWiitetl ■ i ;hl - or wounded ho- 
nm ill" tilt! i..|pnrilpirt) * An ""'i niiiliiliii alone lo 
r, list, wonlil justify ii uuict sun-etuler of our rights, 
anil rfenrailing submission to UlC will of others To 111 il 
i-niuliuiiii the U. :>. are nut reduced, imi' ilo Uitj fear 
It. Thai ihcy ever consented to diteuss with either 
iiowei 1 the nilKontluci of the other, is ;i proof of iheir 
love nf pcaee. of tlieir mndentunn, Mid »l" llie Ilojie 
whicti thev "iill in'lulgei! dint friendly nppenh to jn I 

:■'"! i>ener i lentimeiits would not bt- made in (hum in 

tuin. Um ibt innlivc was miswken, it their Hnheai- 
iiiirc ivus imputed! cither n the »ii»' ol :i just seusi- 

hililv ti> their wroiifp.orol'H delerminnti il suitable 

redress was not oil tallied, to tim n( tin in Hie time 
hnmow RTrivcil when tins sjstera ol k-eusoninj; mint 
ct'iwc. It would he iusnlliug to rejUHl it. Ii would be 
depniding w hear it The l' S must utt us iin inde- 
pendent niiiiiin. ftftil Bssert itiu-ir right* and avenge 
their wrofljfff, [tecoriling to their own estimate ol theio, 
with the party who tommits them, holding it icspon- 
siWe for Us own misdeeds nnniiligHied by those of ano- 

Km- the diffi-rein'c in:idc bpmecn Grout Britain and 
I'i intr. Ii; the ;.|i|ilii'.iiiuii of the It nil -importation net 
aptinst Kn«liinil oidv, the motive has been already too 
oftien i xplaiaeil, mid i f . too well known to renuiec fur- 
ther illiistraiion. In the eominereinl restrlelioni to 
which the V. s. rasnrteil as an evidence ol their sensi- 
tiilm. nnd a mild retnliiilion of their wrongs, they hi- 
vnvi.lily (i)noeil both |ioiit'rsoii the same foot! lift hold- 
int; out to each in reB]ictt lu ilself, the same accomnio- 

dution. m ihuc it accepted the condition offered, nnd m 
n pect to the other, the same renmiut, if il rcl'uscd. 
Hnd Ihe Hntish government OOnurmeil the nlYHtigC- 
tnrni, wh'ieh n-as entered into with the British Mi- 
niitcr, in IS09, and France i.i.imininud her deerces, 
With rninoc wonlu the " S- have hnd to resist, with 
the firmness hetoinjns In their uharaetcr, ihe continu- 
-td violation of their righu. The conimiitee do notht- 
iilnLr to declure, that Kranec hm grenlly injured the 
U. Stales, and that satisfactory repartttion hi« not yet 
bii'ii made for many nf those injurius. Rut, tliiil IS a 
concern v/h'teh the U S. will (ook to and settle for 
themselves. The high character of the American pen- 
pie, if a sufficienl pledge to the world, that they will 
nut fail W settle it, oucoudiuons which they have a right 
I'i claim. 

More recentlv, tht Iruepnliov nf the British gov't 
towards the U.S. lias been oompjclely unfolded. Ithna 
been puUicJy deolnred by those in power, th«t the or- 
,!,-, -i in council ihoulil not be repealed, until the French 
(j-ivrrnineiit h»il revolted nil "n* internal restraint! on 
iIk- Biitish commerce, mid that the trade of the U. S. 
■-.itli France and her allies, should be pvohihited until 
Great Britain wns also allowed to trade with them. 
Rv this declaration, it appears that lo satisfy the pre- 
tensions of the British government, the U. Stafes mu-t 
join Great Britain in the war with France, anil pro- 
setiilelhe war, until France should be sulalued, for 
without her sidijugflliOn, 't weit In vain lo presume on 
such ii coiicestii.ii. The hostility or the British govern - 
rueiit lo these states hili been still further disclosed. It 
has heen made miviiJ'est that the United States or* 
coniidei-ed by it as the COIUIUOreiid rival of Great Bri- 
tain, and thai their prosperity nml Brow th aw incom- 
pfttible with her welfare when all these circu in itnn - 
cej me lakcn into eousideration, it ia impossible for 
jour committee to dqubt the motives whicb have gov- 
erned the Untiili MioitlEj in nil iu meuurfti Utwarda 
the IL States -m.-e ihe year 1S05. Equally "it im- 
possible toilnutii, longer, the course which the United 
States oujsht to puiwie towards <i. Britain. _ 

From this view of the multiplied wrongs of the Bri- 
tish government since the commencement of the pre- 
sent war, it must lie evident to the impartial ■•i-flil 
that the contest which is now forced on the United 
.Slates « radically a contest for their sovereignly mid 

i :penilenee. Your committee will not enlarae on 

m.iv of the injuries, however great, »tuch have bad n 
transitory e»"" , t. They vish lo call the ntlcuuonof 
the house to those ofa permaueitt nature only, which 
intrench iodeeplj on our most important riglm, hi»I 
wound so CatenBirely and vitally our best interests, M 
c.mld mil mil in deprive the United States ol tin; prin- 
cipal advantages of iheir revolution, if so bn lilted i" 
The control ofoiiv ootniuerce bj Great re- 

i; lining al plCKUlre, Will expelling it al « Il M 

■ ouean ; the oppressive maimer in which ihese it'gula- 
tion- bave been e.u ried into cll'eci, by siezing and cun- 
fi idling siielml due vessels, with their carROee,iis were 
said to have violated bcr edlcU, often without provions 
warning of their danger; the impressment <il our nii- 
zciis from "in board our own vessels, on the Digll lens, 
vnd elsewhere, and holding them in bondage uiiul it 
suited the convenience of their oppressors to deliver 
litem up, arc encroach menu of that high mid tlanger- 
(lUR tendency which cuiild not fail In produce lhat per- 
uiciiMis eficul, imr would those be the em,., -qui n- 
,n that would result fi*oin it The British government 
might, for A while, beaaUafictl wiili the asgenilancy 

Ilnl^ RalllBJl over ,n, hut its pretensions Mould ^ - 

erease, The proof, which so complete and dugltlue- 
ful a sttbraission to its authority, wiaild sflowl oi our 
degeneracy, ami It) not fail to inspire uoundencc that 
there was no limit to which its usurpation and our de- 
innilaiimi Might tint be carried. 

Your DommiUtw, believing that the Tnti*m »ni of 
America are wnrthyw eojoy tlw liberty whiuh iheir 
fathers purchased at the price ol so much blond and 
treasure, nnd seeing, in ihe muiiaurw adopted bvii. 
llritiiiu. a cnui'i' commenced and persisted in whleii 
■might lend lo a lossol itniionul eliarnciet' nnd intlepen- 
jlonce, feel mi hcfilnlion in advising resistance U) Inree, 
in i* Inch trio AmeriiKUis ol ilie present iuy »dl prove 
to the email and In the world, thai w* have nol only, 
inherited that liberli whieh our taihcis Hive HI. l»'t 
also the vim. aiid'povEu in iniiintnin It. Itel.wng 
on the o: ti iniisi.i of ihe natiiiii, and eonfidenll) lyml- 
i„c thai ihc Urd ol Wosli will go witlma to battle in 
i, righlOOUS cause and crown our ellbl Is Willi luccess— 
your committee recommend an iiuniediate nppeal to 


rf'Sf'.l lfiirrnf,n>td I tit Unit ■! tfntts o/ fmjjriV*, 

<i -id their tr ntniin ; n-il Ittnl f.,r /'. . ■■' ■>< oj 

th,- United Slattt be, and fie ii hc/hij oitthurtirrl 

!•• uip Ihe tt-h-tr l,iiirf and ntfvti' fati i • I I A( ( T- 

tr.l Kitita in carry tin name Uita t-ffrct* and (•■ ts- 
iin /" pripttU armtd utt*tlt of thr Vmltd Stalei 
eominhtlont or titter* ••/ niatqut and gtntral re- 
pri'al, i" \uihf-irm hi he thttlt t hillk /irvper, and 

miifur thr 'ml of llf United St"t'<. ttgrtimt the 

ft iSets, good*, and efftctt of the g«VBfntl\tnt nf the 
laMI United Kingdom <>f Greul liiilain aud trt- 
ttH,d, hnd u) thr lubjcctl t/irrt»l. 

June 18, Isl*. " KpproVbd. 

uames MaDIsON. 

lly the President »f the United States of 


WHEREAS the Congress 1 of the United Stiteii, 
by virtue »f the Ct.nsliltued Authority vested in 
lliem, have declared by their act, bearing dale 
lite eig-liiecnth day of Ihu present month, thai 
War exists between ihe United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, and the dependencies there. 
of.aod the United States of America and their ter- 
ritories . Now therefore i JAMBS MADISON, 
President of UieTJiiHcd States of America, do 
hereby proclaim ihe same lo all whom it may 
concern : ami 1 do specially enjoin on all persons 
holding offices, civil or military, under the au- 
llinrity of ".he United S:ate.s,iliat '.hey be vigilant 
and zealous, in discharging the duties respective- 
ly irciilent thereto - And I 'io morenver exhort all 
Hie good people of the United S' they 
love their country; a? Ihcy value the precious 
henliipe derived from the virtue and valor of 
iheir fathers; as they fee) the wrongs which have 
forced mi iliem the last resort of injured nations ; 
and as ibey consult the best means, under the 
blessing of Divine Providence, of abridging its 
calamities i thai they exert themselves in pre- 
serving order, in promo ling concoi d, in maintain- 
ing the autlioritr and lite efficacy of the laws, and 
in supporting and invigorating all the measures 
which may lie adopted by ihe Constituted Au- 
thorities, for ohtaimiig a speedy, a jlilt, and an 
honorable peace. 

In testimony whereof, I have here- 
unto set my hand, and caused the seal 
of ihe United Stales vo be afhxt'4 to 
(Seal.) "' e <*P tesent *- 

Dune at the cily of Washington, the 
nineteenth day of June, one thousand 
eight hundred and twelve, and of the 
Independence of the United Slates the 

fiu ihe Prerittenl, 

(Signed) JAMR3 MUN80E, 

Secretary of .Mate. 

» Thtt mo/fc of txiuoiiina fi the tnact (tfyruee/iii 
mphulru. Wt tuurh without few of contradictlm, 

that ifnpwr.hy.vai/uJu-tahiiuHt; upon her ■enemy, 
tminlwttwtiicn *'''' receyuetin common viithnneu- ieiSm the neutral (t* veil <t* her enemy, the is 
i„rf in iwul wpontf -with the pernor vhieh commented 
,'.,- (tlntte. II the neutral hat o right to camplam of 
the potter wS'cA repeats the injury, it u her duty ro 
tamplttin of the poner which commenced it. The nyt- 

-i,i a if 

bit abrittging the right* trf 

wit commenced a\t France, and ever titu • 


neutral*, ■■ 

it* cWUUlieemellt has been carried to a mtir/i wider 
titent Ou her than hi, <1. Britain, and if a retort to it 
A„ (4. Hiitain it Wttjuetifinhlc, no principle of tgiuw 
iiiili sanction a retort la violence agointl her, wlatt 
the A'"*' "'"' ?re«f«( bwwmw remaim not mdu irti- 
ti-tMslu-d. tmi rewarded ou our n«r%ft herather- 

jam Sl'Ch • OtulHCt cm " ttlordttO prioj .;/ OltrlOX* 

of fmtice, uf off magmminuty, or even of our eott- 

Declaring War be. ween the United Kingdom of 

G'cat Urimin and Ireland aud ll)c dejientlen- 

ces Ihvivid. mi, I Ihe Honed SUMS ol Amel'i- 

c.i !.:■ ; their ,1'crri: :::'k-s. 

lie itcuacled b> IheSanaW indHnme oi Rep- 
reaenlailvcs of the United SltW of Amencam 
Cimcrcsa aswmhled, Thai 
,. hereon tUcfartd '•• ""1 Ottftotn the U. Aftiff- 
dam «J Qrtnt Biitwn ami U ■'"■'I. o» a lutdttio*- 

Yeasantl Navs on ihe War Question. 
r.Y'rffE sl.v.ite. 

YBA9— Messrs. Anderson, ltihli, llient, Camp- 
bell of Ten Conditt, Crawford. Cults, Franklin. 
Gatllard, (.dcs. Gregg, Leil>, Kohinsmi, Smith of 
Md Smith of N. York, Tail, Taylor, Turner, 
Vanuini — 19. 

NAYS— Messrs. Dayard. Dana, German, Gil- 
man, Goodrich, Horsey, Unwell, Hunter, Lam- 
bert, Llovd, Pope, Ueed and WorlltingWll— 13. 
YEAS.— MeJitK. Alolon, Anderson, Archer, 
Avery, Bard, Basset, ttibh, Blachjledge, Drown, 
Bui'well, ltutler, Calhoun, Carr, Cheevcs, Coch- 
ran, Clnpion, Cinid^, Crawford, Davis, Dawson, 
DesIlK, Dinsmyor. E:nle, Findley, F'mk, (.Imlson, 
Goodwyn, Greeh, Grundy. U. Hall, 0. Hull, Har- 
per, Hawes, Hyncman, Johnson, Kent, King. La- 
cock, Lefever; I.itUe, Ijowndes, Lyle, Macon, 
Moore, M'Cov.M'Kee.M'Kim, MorgaQ, Morrow, 
Nelson, New, Newton, Orm-hy, Pickens, riper, 
Hleasmils, I'ond, Riehardsou, ItinKguW, llltea, 
Roane, Rjlierls, Sage, Staler, Sevier, Seybert, 
Slmw. Sniilie, n. Smith, J. Smith, Strong, Talia. 
ferro, Troup, Turner, Whilcllill, William:., Wid 
get-v, WEnn, Wright— 79. 

NAYS.— Messrs. Baker, Barllett, Bleeokcr, 
Bo-.d, Br;cke-.:i':Jg= Eriglux- Ghcrr.piM Chit 
tenden, Cooke, Davenporl, Ely, Euinit, Fitch, 
Gold, Goldsborough, H»fty, Jackson, Key, Law, 
^ewis, Maxwell, M'Dtyde, Melcnlf, Milnof, Mit- 
chell, Mojely, Newlndd. Pearson, Pitkin* "Potter, 
Quincv, Itnndolpn, Reed, Rulgely, Rodmah, Sam- 
inons, Stanford, Stuart, Stnw", Sturgcs, Sullivan, 
Taggart, r.illmadge, Tollman, Tracy, Van Cori- 
lailrft, Wheaton. While. Wdsun— 49 

trim nur present feeling? to diseim. We 
view \ritii honor either sjde of ll>e alterna- 
tives. We would respect the cnnslitntcJ 
authorities ; we would maintain the unity 
of the states, but we cannot bring out hearts 
to engage in this war of sharrie and suicide. 
Is there any middle path ? Let the sages of 
our land, let our wisest and best men come 
forward and consult for the preservation of 
their country. We will beat their voice, 
and we will obey it. t. 

Latest fithn England. 

The ship SiiEnitehannah, Jackson, has arrived 
off the Delaware in JIO day* from Liverpool. 6he 
bung" papers lo May 15. two days latest. They 
Stale briefly; thai there were confident expecta- 
tions of the repeal of the Orders in Cour.cil as 
fal' SB relates to Amiwcn— F.xmiiinniinns before 
Parliament on ihh HUhjPct 'were progressing — 
Mr Puiviajice, pas's* n'gtV, is the bearer of llts- 
pnif lies m government. It is confidently stated 
in llie London Times of May It. Hut Bun apart* 
had left Paris for the army — Our Embargo, ami 
important l)esp;ilclics from Mr, Foster, excited 
. oiisiderable sensation in England, i he riots 
continued in some ikgui— there had I, ecu seve- 
ral ii'iiiit murders Lotd Ellenborough ii the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer Protein pore. Mr. 
ValisiUan conducts the business of Finance. 
" London, hay II — It was confidently re- 
ported in Plymuuth and Fly mouth-dock yester- 
day (Thursday) morning, that Sir Edward Pel- 
lew has had an engagement Willi the Toulon 
fleet, under Emeriau, and that the British Adini- 
ral was completely viclQi-iaus, haViHg eapfured 
eight tail of llie line. That the result of aeon- 
leal between ihe hostile fleets lias been in our fa- 
vor, if il has at all taken, thure can belittle 
doubt. We hope the iafuirnnliqil will prove cor- 

" A gentleman who lately saw Mr. Henry at 
Paris says he was ubuu'. to proceed to Russia, in 
ihe army of which country he has a com- 
mission ; this was arranged through Scrrurier, 
French Minister at Washington." 

" The King of England was improving in 
health, and Bi naparle was represented a* bidng 
d angel ously afflected with the dtapsey. He had 
given up -llie idea of joining the army against 

" A foreign spy, calling Jiirmelf Michael Mi- 
chael, was put |o death at Paris llie first of May. 
" Another Hag of intra has arrived from 
France ; i»nd is presumed to relate lo the trans- 
portation Of grain Irnin Prussia to France, in 
which an otl'i-r of ihu sale of one half hi England, 
is stipulated by llie P.mperor, \s the condinon of 
its unmolested conveyance. The Hritisii go- 
vernmcni are said lo have agreed, provided ihe 
f '-eight of one half their cargoes should be made 
up with English maiiofaclures." 

" Serious riots have existed in Marseilles, and 
other phux-s ir. France, on aceuunt uf the deir- 
ness nf provisions, 

"The (J a aelle contains, offers of reward for 
the apprehension of different assassins, who 
have n llam pled the murder of G. Whitehead, 
of Hudderstield, and Isaac Raynoi-, of Linlh- 
walte ; as also for the apprehension and convic- 
tion uf the murderers of W. Horsfall, of Mars- 
don, and a Ml'. Trenlham, of Nottingham." 

Tlir British nig-ife Rehhlcre, and shin TaHa 
fus. Have spoken ■ vend Inv lean vessels siuci 

iin: war, Inn be Iiej knew ii, and, nl i m n , 

illnwcd ih.'ni to pas* nne was ille Enterprise, 
h. > ii 'r, ion, with a cargo probably tvort!i2or 
3uU,0QU dollars. 

The f.d lowing lliiu.h armed vessels, accord- 
ing I-. Steele's Li. i fin April. 1SI3, ;i rc on the 
Huli fan and \..--.i i l( land nations i 

On ihe Halifax tlatioa — All iej. Admiral Saw- 
yrr, uf 64 guns; Enlus, Lord Townseiid, 32. 
AtaUi.te, Hmkey, 18; BeWidere, Byron, 36 j 
Bream, Browne, 4: CJltih, f ones, 4; Cuttle, Pat- 
terson, 4i Eniiilniis, Moiea.rtr, lo. Flerre, , 

■I i Ruerricr, Davis, 38; Gorue, Byng 1 , IS, schr. 

Hunter, ; .lupiter, VsreSid, '■: . Lyns, IK ; Ph/. 

l'i*ing, H>, It. -non, Seiiliouse, 18; Spartan, 

Bi-enlon, :,& , Sham Brooke, ^a . Somen, 

Dickens, id . Tarurus, Paseo, SO; Centurion, 
receiving slnp, 50. 

M Jfew/Quitdianil — Hazard, Corksley, 18; 
Alert, 16. 


To the flvnarabte the House nf, Represent 

laUven of the Cumtnonwenlih of Matttietatteltt. 
res peer TVL1.Y REPiieiESTs — 

Tne Memorial nf the inhabitants of the town 
of Salem.ii- ihecouniy of Essex — Tlmt jour Me- 
morialists, viewing with the most painful appie- 
bensiont llie approach nf a war with Grcjl Bri- 
tain, had just addressed a Memorial lo the On. 
gress of the United Stales, (to which they hug 
leave to refer) praymg them to avert ihe calami- 
ties of such a measure j iheir Memorial, howev- 
er, was scarcely adopted, when they received the 
painful intelligence that war was actually declar- 

foh the coujrriir. 


War against England. 

Wait lias been declared by the govkrs- 
mkkt or the Unitkd Statbs against the 


and Is to be carried on by the aid of the 
British Navy. 

The war has at length commenced — 
We have tried to reason ; we have attcm pt- 
ed to arrange our thought*, and to offer a 
comment upon it. But we are astonished, 
oppressed, overpowered ; we have no spirit, 
no heart for the effort ; we rouse as from a 
dream; we a^k, can this be true ? Is our 
beloved country indeed sunk to this depth 
of degradation. 

A happy, a brave, a virtuous people, by 
what fatality, by what spill, by un- 
hallowed machination, or rather, by what 
vindictive judgment, have we become en- 
gaged in a common cause with that out- 
cast from all good, that enemy of his spe- 
cies, that grand disturber of the world's 
peace, that arch-fiend. Napoleon Bonaparte. 
Yes, it is irue, wc arc to draw the sword 
against what remains in this world of pat- 
riotism, of liberty, and of religion. We are 
to aid in repressing the generous cff.nts of 
the Spaniards and Portuguese to resist the 
most ferocious tyranny and the bitterest op- 
pression that ever disgraced the annals of 
our guilty race. Our dcare«t intcreits are 
sacrificed ; our rulers Wa«je war against «>, 
to gratify their own bad passions, and in 
coincidence, if not in concert, with the 
blood-thirsty rage of the Cnrsican apostate. 

IVhat ihtttt icei/o? Shall we submit to 
the ruin, to the disgrace, and guilt of this 
war ? This is a question Wh ich wc dare, not 

From France. 

Verhal areoutil-v fi nm Frame, hy ilie Matilda, 
(arrived al Baltimore) rejire*em ihe preparation! 
iff Bonaparte foi ihe northern enterprise OS of the 
inovt formidaldc iiaiiito. — Uplwardi «f 6llO,lli)0 men 
hart hlrnuly-lvfi ihit cjuiniic* of t't.tni *, iwvd hiv 

hiuiv fjuard cnnsisflnE of SO.OQtt. Poliiji (rno|ii_,aiid 
nen \.iiij;al Guafdt of luvjOOO, were shrtrlly to 
accompany him -n iirrson to tukc the head of ihi> 
immense tindy. tl v'tv believed, lluinver, that liiv 
|ioi pose would he ellVrlert n iiNnul the necessity of 
a bailie ( and the belief was reduced almost to a 
certainly, from llie circiiaiitattce' uf Talfrvrand, 
i'i.u nhle and arrli poliiirian, having left France 
for Mir coin I nf Sj. Peier.'hiirg. Gen. Andren»i 
had alio heen despatched to Lnnitapllnople, 

Prussia was completely adder Ibevawalaee of 
France : nml ((uitin, wiilmui salrugeje, would he 
roful ruined t" nrquiejce in v»hatever might tiv dic- 
tated in her bv ihe Emperor. 

Accounts (rem Canada state, that ilia most 
active preparations were miking* lor its defence; 
that to ihe regular troops, v. hiclt are said to a- 
mount lo 10,000, every third mm hid been draft- 
ed, and ordered lo march to convenient depots 
for organization ami discipline. .The accounts 
further add, that the moment-iine government 
lieiil' tliii war is declared, thetwops are to pro- 
ceed to the Vermont lines. 

From U r a>ihiii°;toii i June20. 

" A resolution has passed Congres* prohibiting 
tlic exprirditipn (rmn, or importation into ihe U. 
S of any guods wh.itivcr, k\e*ifl it American 
built vessels. The additional duly bill bas also 
passed lo a third reading. lufl 
per cent, be levied on nit fronds imported during 
ilie war, and for one year aUcr ; nnd that an ad- 
ditional lonn ige duty of 150 cis. per ton lie levied 
mi all foreign vessels. These duliei are coii.i- 
dered as substitutes for the eontcmpUieil war 
taxes, which it is ill o'tlght not a$;i sable, for cer- 
tain pat'lieat retttont, t" levy at tin- moment. 

" A hill has :ilso passed, empowering the Pre- 
sident to grant Letters ofiMorqUO and Repiisnl. 


Rxtrnet ufa tetter from it'athtltgttn, June 19. 
"• The House has this day been in secret ses- 
siun 'till .! o'clock i since winch, llie doors have 
hem opened, and two bills have been reported, 
nnd rend twice ; one to remove the timbm ;-■■. ind 
anoiher la ttlloio a partial importation, of tio'di, 
'till .iprit next: on which double duties are lo 
be luid, which i* ri tuprrv.dt me 'iuxet TILL 
AFTBH THE KLl'U'lIOKS. A llesolution to 
ndjourn on llie 2alli is laid on the table." 

The T-eaturif JVotet, or i»ii^er JttaTiey Bill pas- 
ted the llonst «l Representativea.Juije \T— Veas 
85— Noes 41. 

Government li'ive p.-mn'ted Mr. Font- to 
oharler an American vessel for th. purpaseof 
tending despatches to "Ins (pvernmept. Mr. 

Bitker, hi' secrei iry, liai wriveH iu SmV-lfnrk, 
ant) engaged thf brig Ueurg* lytshmgion, Capl. 

New man i for tbat purpose 

The Brlvidere Diiiisli Mgate wis off tins 
(':,,„ s i Delaware on Friday last, stid took 
from the brl K Retrieve. (Jom Londonderry, fif- 
teen pasietigeis. 

The President, United Statea uid Cwngress 
i,. ■ , ,-', i >f nl sloops of waeiailed fmm 

■ ■ \ . :,, on Sunday bist, ttftec having received 
iht i,,-i. - .I ii ir. ;nJ nrdera t" «sjl "" ^ enn-e. 
The toutdron Is under thr: command ol Com- 
,-,. ,],,.. it . ',-.., . Oii' last accounl . from Me* ■ 
v.,'. us leBelvidere n itisli frigate i" br 

he th'e strong probability of hri 

., n ■ il '■-■ Vmeriaan ■ niadi >n 

They therefore now nldress themselves to the 
Representalivea uf the people "l the Common, 
wealth, for relief from the manifold e*il* with 
which they are now threatened. To yoBi me. 
morii lists such a war will be peculiarly Cistres- 
smg; tlieir Ions nl properly will be immense, but 
tins consideraiiun, weighty as it is, is not lo be 
compared with the uftiiclitig circumstance, thai 
eight hundred of their seat aring townsmen are 
miw abroad, defenceless, and exposed to all ihe 
sufl'Krint;s incident to unexpected capture and 
imprisonment, while iheir wives aud families at 
home will he overwhelmed with poverty and 

When your Memorialists, therefore, contem- 
plate the incalculable distress which will ensue 
from tins war. a war which ir their opinion is 
demamkc neither by necessity, policy or justice, 
and which will essentially cuntribute lo aid the 
gigantic designs ol tin- Despot uf France » gainst 
the Commerce and Liberties of the World— When 
they consider that in the prosecution of it, the 
remnant of the resouiccs of our common coun- 
try must be exhausted, and the liberties of the 
citizens put at hazard — Above all, when they re- 
flect that a necessary consequence will be an al- 
liance of this riling llcpublic wilh the must des- 
potic government the world has yet witnessed, 
lhi*if emotions are loo powerful fur utterance, 

Under the deep solii-iiude inspired by the oc- 
casion, they are constrained to make llim appeal 
to the Representatives of the peopleoflhis Com- 
monwealth, with Ihe fullest confidence that your 
honorable body will use all the means which the 
Con slit u lion has placid in your hands, to avert 
the impending calamities , and in all such mea- 
sures as may be thought necessary for their re- 
lief, your honorable body may resi assured of 
(heir most zealous suppurt. 


Salem, Jur.e 24, 1812- 

A Hue Cop) — Uexj Meriiell, 

'Id'.mi Clerk, pro tern. 

We hope the example of Salem will be follow- 
ed by every wwu m in- 1 atate. to Springfield.we 
understand, a meeti'ifr is called on the petition uf 
a large number uf citizens ol both political par- 
ties ; and a convention of delegates from llie 
towns, composing the old county of Hampshire, 
is proposed to be holden at Nm thamptun en the 
l-Hh July nest. 

Massachusetts Legislature. 

rutOAv, june 19. 
BANKS — The Committees of Conference on 
the subject nf Banks having ;igi ecd upon a report, 
it wm< accepted in hoih House). — lo the Senate 
witliout a division ; and in the House 13-1 to 16 
The report s.ates (hat acts of incorporation be 
granted lor ihe following New Banks, viz ; — 

To Weudell ( and associates, Button, 1,2(10,000 
J. T. Apihorp, Stc. Bottm, - • - 1,800,000 
N. Hooper, Sic. Marblehtad, ■ - - 150,000 

.(. Peabody, &c. Salem, 200,000 

ftl. Brown. W Bur ley, &c Beverly, 100,000 
J Somes, It Hough, etc. Qleuctnw, 120.000 
\V, ll:ir[lelt, lie. Atnbwypori, . . JiO.OOO 
J. Prince, &c J, ewbwy/port, - . - 200.000 

T Cults, jr. &c. A'ocu, 120,000 

J. llsley, fJic. Portland, 300,000 

A, Wood, *v. IFitcattet, - - - - 25u'000 
B J. Porter, 4c. f/aHtvell. - - - - 15»,000 
J.CIvindlcr, &c ..liigiiita, ■ - - - lu'J.UUO 
J. Witig«te,jr.4c. Hath, - - - -100,000 
D- Waldo, etc. Warcctltr, .... 200,000 

W. Davis, he, Plymouth, lou.uoo 

1 . Hazard, jr. Sic. JWw- Bedford, - 200,000 ■ 
G Gardner, Ac. Jfantudett, ■ - - 100.000 
Iiaac Cottin, Uq. jYantucket, . - - IOU.00'1 

J. l'isdale, *C 'iSniWos, 100.000 

These Hanks to be incorporated on the princi- 
ples of the State Bunk, and to expire Willi it. Of 
the capitals, one quarter to he paid by hist <h tu- 
ber next, ibe residue by July 1, 181J — Bonds 
aid mortgages iu the expiring Banks in he trans- 
ferred lo the new Banks, aud lo he considered as 
part of llie sums required by the new charters lo 
be loaned on such sec tiri lies, The ■ACiuac/iu- 
tetu Bank la continue until Oct I, 1&51, pro- 
vided ihe Corporation surrender iheir present 
chatter, &c. t'lie confer reel were Messrs. Moo- 
dy, Ci.iwiiiii-.Imi.IiI ;.nd t'oove, of the Senate , and 
Messrs C. Jackson, 1) L. Picknmn,aud Hedge, 
of ihe House, 'vlio :dl sigred the agreement. 

Bills h>r lb* above new Hunks passed the Sen- 
ate and were read iwice in ihe House. 

Aaesolvconthe subject of the new Senatorial 
Disti ii-ts was referred lo the next General Court. 
1 he report of the Commit tee on contested c- 
Ications in 'he case of the electimi of John 
Wade from Wubuiu, was recuinmiUed, ami au- 
dmonal evidence produced induced the 
committee to clunge iheir report of yeslerdny 
— and to report ihal said W«dt ts till. lied to his 
teal, which last report was accepted by tin- 

HOVDAV, jo-;- 
The two HoiisA havlnjj di .agreed as 10 ilie 

number and location of Viilriett for the i ■ - 

uf Kii-i .do > i.i preaideiit arid \ icc-l?res1dent id it;e 
United States, and also on llie roaini ir 61 chwris- 
iug ihcm hv 'he Legislature, ilie House passed, 
and sent up to tlic Senate for concurrence, « "■'■ 
solve directing their choice by a flenerftl Tick- 
et.— This Itcsulve the Senate rejected : and ihe 
Hon. Messrs I utile, Lincoln- and Fu«ie, on the 
pari of the Senate . and Messrs. Thn.icb.ei-, Sum- 
ner and Tilling) uist, on the part of ihe Suit'se, 
iveri appointed to cooler further on the subject. 

The conferees had not agreed upon any mode 
of election last evening i though we underslanj 
those on the purl of the I to US* made lialfi/Ioz 
en propositions. 

Several bills of local and private interest were 
referred to the nrst tesision. 

Tuesday jvr.-E 23, 1512. 
A number of bills, resolves, orders, &c were 
finished or referred. 


Mr. Bradford, Secretary ofi1icCo!imif>nwenlth, 
delivered the following Message from tlii Ex- 
cellency the Governor -. — 

Gentlemen of the Senate — and 

Gentlemen of the Howie of Brprmentittivri , 

I HAVE this morning received a letter from 
the Hon. Mr Lloyd, one of the Senators in Con- 
gress, Inclosing a copy "f an Act of G n 
passed ihc 17ih instant, declaring WAR against 
ihe United Kingdoms of Great Britain and Ire- 
land, and iheir dependencies, and which on the 
18th inst, was approved by the President. I have 
directed ihe Secretary lo lav this communica- 
tion before you. CALEB STROM. 

Council Chnmier, J„n e 2j, 1813. 

CO* The Hon Mr. Lloyd in a note annexed to 
Um above act, aaya it " passed ihe House ol lie- 
pi c^entatives in substance the -Mi June. !'.»- 
ned the Senate by a vote of 19 to 1J in the form 
above staled June 17th. Keiorocd fmm the 
House of K representatives lo the Senate June 
lllili. Approved by the President of the United 
States, and signed, during the alien [am eol Ite 
Committee wh.i presented the same this day, 
June 18, 1812"] 

The above message arid communication were 
committed to Messrs. Tilline'iasl, P/rentm, u( 
M Thatcher, Coleman, of N and Jackson, uf 
Boston, io report therein. 


nAiu«BA.v juseSO. 
proposition received from tile Senate, to 

Choose "two Electors of President by joint ballot, 
and the rest by the Congressional (Gerrymander) 
Diaincis, was non-concurred m the house 

A resolution t>> choose Electors by a General 
TlCKet, was sent to the Senile. 

The remainder of the bu-iuess of the d„y re. 
ipected the renewal (new creation) of (be s.\- 
era! banks in the Slate. Bills were btouglu in 
far this purpose and pais«d siagaa. 

The SeSlI i ".' * !S SUU " il tO cm;. 1. 1, ,,,i. i 

lional clerks iii hi* office, i" expedite LU« closiag 
business "! iin - 

weuNesnav, jesE 24. 
A memorial from die inhahitsiits of Salem, on 
the Subject of ihu present war with Great Bri- 
tain, Was lead and committed in Messrs 111' 
lingliiui, Prentiss of M- Thatcher, ColeOUJlot 
N, and Jackson of ti. 

A resolve passed the House, requesting the 
Governor to issue a proclamation lur a day of 
fasting, humiliation, and prayer, on account ul 
the distressing calamity of wnr. 

A resolve passed, authorising the Governor 
and Council to employ Vessel i and boats to notify 
ships coming on our coasu, ol ihc declaration rjf 
war against G- Britain, 

A. bill from ta^ Senate, ceding laud in Pitts- 
field to llie United States for the e-etcion of i 
military hospital, and Tor a KlldexvOiiS, Etc for 
the U. S. army, wui refuted a tecond reading '>j 
a majority of 106. 

Messrs. Whitman, Po.ler nf H. and Baylies, 
were appointed a comroiucc to consider the pro- 
priety of providing by law for the p«V and sup- 
port of such portion of the militia of this state 
as may be called into actual service, by Ihe Com- 
mander in Chief ol this Commonwealth, fur the 
purpuse of repelling any invasinn during the es- 
isting war, or for the purpose of executing ihc 
laws of ;he slate, and of proietling our rights 
and privileges. 

-i ncmoav, ;c.m 

A report of ihe committee ou ihc- subject of 
allowing pay lu ihe uthrcrs and soldiers nl the 
militia of this commonwealth, comprizing ate/ 
solve, was palled. 


The committee who had under consideration 
the Message of his EJccellenei the Governor, 
communicating a declaration of war against 
Gieal Britain, reported an Address of the House 
of Representatives to the people of Massachu- 

The address is against the iTOr, and recom- 
mends the preference of the Er'teods of peace to 
office as tin- remedy, while all couatttulionftl du- 
ties are submitted to. 

The subject was debated yealurday afleraooil, 
and will he resumed this morning. 

Applimtion was made for liberty to bring up 
a vessel, performing quarantine, as was auder- 
itood tu fii berout as a PR1VATSEB, I'criius- 
sion wa* Itlil- UJt'.D by the House. 

Col, John L. Sullivan tits been chosen Lieu- 
tenant of the Boston Light Inf., '.try, and Mr 
Gedtiey King, Ensign, both ot whom have ac- 
cepted. The officers uf lhat highly respectable 
corns now arc, Col. Henry Smgenl, Capt; Col. 
John L Sullivan, L.eut , and Mr. Gedliej Ki.ig, 

To Headers ami ( 'orrespondent.t. 

Our readers will perceive from the manner in 
which we fill our columns, that ac are less 
anxious to tirc,e upon tlitin our sentiments, >.h -s 
to afford llient an opportunity, from official do- 
cuments, to correct their own. Correspondents 
too will divine our apology for neglecting iheir 
favors. Um nur committee of Foveign Re In ion* 

hive derhn-ri thai th- system of rei 

ig must 

cease, "thai it would be iusuliing to repeal il, 
and degrading to hear it," ni.d ,v c hope th.ilour 
columns will be a little more at our own dispo- 
sal. A sjccleh of the character of the late Rev. 
Mr, Buckmiustei shall appeal next week. 


Is Bu'Uii(tin, Nirr.»n Rdk«, of Ut-ftoo, iu Mill >u- 
tanoah R:«l, ol the foimcr plate. In Cuncoid, N, H. 
capt. Andieo M'v'leaif, of ihe I/. S, umi, Co Mot 

-.ig-. ■. ■, H. Duicin. 

to thiioon. Sir. John W R ■);*■». io Mi,» Mti>i« 
F.-m-l'^i U'nii.iT. H,.<, in Mm \L : , Hicki — 
Mr. Firdene W. Aih = iin, mtr. io Id'll A bit Donntl 

M-. Mt'l' Mrrfepr. '» Mm ai..;,il F .nr ■■..-.. 


In Phil,J'-|>hi i. Jurij, H, Smith Eiq. In Bi'rnci, 
C,|it. Benj. Qottlcnd, lonne'it »' ihu iy«n, ■((,! ai, _ 
Ii, Mr. Tlnum. H. I'isit, igu jj \ n 
T,ii,,b.jnni(h, 151b imi £,«i k e<ri, joun t !rt chile, of 

Robitl «iinif». Piq i,?llroiinihi. 

,\t Philadelphia. Mr. J. P. Gallagher, , j 

ihe laic Jamc-fl. mer. -Al South- Hnirfpinn, Mr. 
Lewis ilaiuiiim. axed ti-- ai Norihmrj|Uon, Mis, 
Weslthv l)ieken-o.t, BgedfiB. 

A: N«dh.m. (Wt.irainhl Mm Pnhi., » l(t o( 
ctol. Taona. Ili...1(,i. cf B niton, s«B =7 

In ■ hit io»n, Mr. Wm. C ,'t In the ^7 h vfirot hii 
»(e, Uic M-iiengc ij the »nd ti.uiicii W, . 
• jk ReUfti' l'»re, if -ci nf Edwjid 
Mil Miiy Ai.o.ewj, wiflDWt 
Anrtre*!. *»ed 46. Mil Ann Men, * native ut En*. 
Iind. -teJ SI. M* Jaieph Wh.fns( , t tc q- - Mr*. 

Siuh, wife of ^t.. Maiihlll 1'a ks, **-.) i6.-Bdsa 
lauati ti ■ 1 Mi Daniel L' ■1*. >eti 1 iei 1 tiiistU'ti 

A lu'i.i >^-.l ;,:»n.o ,i( etuinterof JvS..;i,. ■in. 

Political Miscellany 


Ifjase of Representatives of the United Stairs — } 
Washington, May IS, 1812, $ 

SOON oiler tlie House met, Mr. Fislc moved iliat 
"when it"' Bouse adjourn ii adjourn l« meel oo Monday 
next.*' Which having been carried, he then immediuicly 
moved that Hie House do now adjourn. Negatived by a 
small majority. 

MR !( kNDOLPH raid tlmt minors to wliieh lie eonhl nnt shut bis 
cars re-fan intended declaration ofwif on Monday next, with closed 
,1.,.., .,„.( ri,, , ii. ni,i--iin.. which IihiI ju<t passed under ilic eye of 
the Itc-iift [slIudinR to the molten towhnu'rin impelled him to make 
ii hit etfut to rescue the couijir/ iVini the calamities, whioli, he fear- 
1'ii, trtrc impending ovi i it. Hi' Ii.h1 a proposition to suhmii, tlie de- 
cision of which would alien t vicdlv tlie best interest* of the linlion. 
ii, conceived himself bound In bring it forward Flo did not feel 
tiimn If a fri ■■ ■■'■■- m in the transaction. He would endeavor to slate 
r.s succinctly i" lie CAUld the grounds of his mniion, and he humbly 

kcl In Attention of every man whom mind was nt nil open to con- 
1 Iriiou, nf ■ -vrrv man devoted in the onllie of his Country, mil only in 
tin;! house, l nil in every rnnk and condition of life ihronehout tli est ate. 

t In' mnlilui which lie was about 1" offl'i' grew out ol propo- 

fltiom, widen I"- pledged himsoll to prove; nay, without on nbnse of 

(l,i term, in <I.mfi!°.trntr. 

The first of these propositions wns, that the Berlin and Milan de- 

■ reel were not only, "if repeated, but that our government bad fnr- 
i. 'nil ii the House and to the world unequivocal evidence of tlie fact. 
The difficulty in demon stratiu|t tins proposition arose rather from bis 
enthnrrttsroeul in selecting from ihe vast mnss ol evidence before 
him, than in liny deficiency of proof: for if he were to Use all the 
testimony [fiat rniglil be nnduoeit, he feared his discourse would grow 
t'j a bulk" not infi rior lo the volume he held in bis hand. He iionld 

. refer the Hou:e to the correspondence generally of Mr. Russel, our 
neent at P;ir-. aaciimpanying the 1* resident's message of the present 
session. He referred to the schedule of American vessels taken Iry 
French privateers since the first of November, 1810, [tlie period of 
the aHedged repeal of the French decrees,:] was worthy of 
remark, that "the Robinsonova, from Norfolk to London, with to- 
bacco, no i ion and staves; the Mary Ann, from Charleston to London, 
ii'i cotton and rice; the (".enitnl Baton, from London to CliRI IcltOft, 
i'i ballast ; the Neptune, from London lo Charleston, also in ballsst ; 
tlie Clio, from London to Philadelphia, ivitli English manufactures ; 
the Zebra, from Boston to Tarragona, [then in possession of the 
ttflauiwth'} with stitves ; all coming under the operation of i lie French 
decrees, Wid ttized tinee the Sol of JVorember, 1810, had not been 
i toreri on the 14th of July h'-.t :" nnd that tlie only t»n vessels 
named in that schedule, which had heen restored, viz. "the mo Uro- 
tfiers Horn Uoston to St. Mnlocs, ami the Star from Salem to Naples 
(the one a port in France, the other virtually a French port) did not 
oninc within tlie scope of the Ifci'liu nnd Milan decrees. Indeed, the 
Only ruses relied upon by Mr. Monroe to prove the Of the 
French decrees, are those of the Grace Ann Green and the New 
Orleans Packet. On (be first nf tliCM no great stress is laid — because, 
having been enptured by an English eruizcr, she was retaken by her 
ou n oresi biiu carried into Marseilles, where consequently the cap. 
tor* Lemine French prisoners of war. (Sec note A.) A* well 
might it he OXpeetcd, lh:it in ease of war between the United States 
ami Englnnd, our privateers carrying their into French 
ports should '«' proceeded ngainst under those dcorecs. ft was, there- 
fore, on the ease of the New Orleans Packet thnt the principal reliance placed to shew ihe repeal ol the nliuovinns decrees. Hut even this 
case established beyond the posstbifirt of doubt, that the Milan decrees 
in' the aSd November nnd inh December, ISO", were in force subse- 
ouently to the period of their nil wlged repeal. This vessel hearing nt 
Gibraltar, where (be liad disposed of a part of her cargo, of the letter 
t,i iln> Uukc of Cadore of iheSthof August 1810, suspended her anion, 
and the supercargo niter having consulted with Mr. Hncklcy the 
American consul «t Cadi?;, determined on the faith of that insidious 
letter, to pt ■ eeed with (he reuiatsder of his cirgo to llordeanv, He 
look the precitl lion however to delay bis voyage, so that he might not 
iinive in Fmnee before the first of November ; the day on which tlie 
Berlin ami Milan Decrees were to cense to operate. 

I Id pe Mr. Randolph was called to order by Mr. Wright, who said 
llitre wnsno motion before tlie House. The Speaker overruled Mr. 
Wright's objection, as the gcntleniab from Virginia had declared his 
intention to make a motion, and it bad been usual to admit prefatory 

Mr. Randolph said he would proceed in his argument without de- 
viftting to the light or to the left, nnd he would endeavor to sup- 
press every leclint; which the nucslion was so well calculated to ex- 
uite. " The vessel aeiiowlinely arrived in tlie Rni-nnne on the 14th 
■'.r, November, but did not reach UordeAns until the 3il of Deeem- 
" l .rr. On the 5th of this month ihe director of the customs seized 
'■ ''iu New Orleans 1'acket ami bar cargo, under the Milan decrees of 
"the -Jd November and 17th December ISO", ejrpresslu Ml forth, 
•■ lor having come from an English port and haying been visited bv n 
" Kritish vessel of war. Thus this vessel, having voluntarily entered 
" D French port on the faith of the repeal of the decrees, svns seized 
" under them. These facts, continues Mr. Russell, having been sta- 
"ii d to me by the supewargo, or the American vice-consul at Uor- 
" lie iU3t, and ihe principal one, tint of the tnnire Wider the Milan 
" tteercea being established by the process verba}, put into my hands 
*• bv o'ie of the Consignees of the cargo, I conceived it lo he mv duly 
",.f (osuffcrthc. transaction to pan unnoticed." Ttiitproceit verbal 
In neither more nor less than ihe lifirl in ibe AilmieaHy court drawn bv 
ihu law oflicerciflhe French fiovernnient, agreeably tn the l;iw s of 

the Kmpirc. Wlmt should we say to a libel of n vmscI by the Di-tin t 
Xttovnej ol the U. Slides, or her seizure by ihe Custom House Olfi- 
C*n, ihiiUt an acl oftjoilgruss which had heen repealed ! The whole 
>n this correspondence proves unequivocally that neither the Custom 
UoUM Officers, the courts of I. aw, nor the French Cruisers, not even 
tin fmtilic ships of war had ever received notice from their govern- 
ment of the repeal of the Berlin and Milan decrees. This last fact is 
tin tlier substantiated by the rem on I trance of Mr. Harlow to the Duke 
Ol I', an Of Hi C l-'thof Mareh 1812, in Ihe ease of the " vessels cap- 
fstrev/'ind burnt liy hi« Imperial nnd Royal Mnji sty's ships Medusa and 
Nymph." It shntlld be recollected thai blithe decrees of the French 
Emperor arc given strictly in charge to certain public functionaries, 
wh'j ice ilireetcd to put them in force. The only authorities lowborn 
the repeiil of these decrees was lo he n rule of action ; the Cruisers, 
Courts and Officers of the Customs remained profoundly ignorant of 
the fact It is to he found no where but ill the proclamation of the 
l'r, i, 1 . i ■ nf ih ■ United Slates, of the Al November, 1810 To have 
*' »i'ie<'. icr The receipt of this proclamation (says Mr Russell) in order 
" ii, milke use of it lor the liberation of the New Orleans Packet, lip. 
" p eared to me « preposterous and unworthy course ol proceeding j 
" nnd io ee notlniig better than absurdly and basely employing the 
" denlaration ol the President, that the IJerlin and Milan decrees hnd 
*' been revoked, as the menus of obtaining their revocation." They 
were then not revoked, or surely onr minister would not stand in need 
Of flits niritn^for obtaining their revorntion. Proofs multiply on proofs. 
"The Custom Rouse Officers of Dordenux commenced unlading 
" ihe New Orleans packet ou the 10th December and coiffplcted that 
" n-ork on the BOth, as appears by llich'^rocm verbal, of those dates. 
"That of the 20 lh expressly declares that the property was to he 
" pur«ucil before the Imperial Council of Prizes," [the Court of Ad- 
miralty] " at Paris, according to the decree! of the ft&] November, 
and 17th December IBOii, or io other words under " tlie decrees of 
.Wii'i." Mr Rnucll's reinonnrnnoe was aubmitteil to theCouneilof 
commerre, and further proceedings ngni ist ihe New Orleans Packet 
•uspeuded. " Yht paper* were not transmitted (n the council of pri- 
zei, nor :i prosecution instituted before that tribunal ; which proves 
only that ihe prosecution at law was suspended, not (hat the laws 
were repealed — "null the yessol ami cargo, on the Bill of January, 
" were placed at the disposition of the consignees, on giving bond to 
"prry ibe citiaiatcd amount, should it definitively be decided thatacoiv 
"fiicalion >honlJ take place." Recollect that this vessel voluntarily 
■Uteres) a Feeiu li port ou the faith of the repeal nf those decrees. 
She is Se'iKed and hliilh d under them, but alter great exertions on 
ihr pint of the American minisier, he obtains from the French Gov- 
ernment — "half Proof of the bona fule revocation of the dncrcei ? 
Noihinp like it, A discharge of the vessel ! Not ;tl nil — the bond re- 
i i, . -t In r— hi Lmds pledged In her lull value, in case she should 
be found in cflmc within the scope of the law ; and yet we must lic- 
nuvc the law lo lie repealed! \\ hat sort of a release is this i Mr Rus- 
sell makes ■■ nn ril ol litiving " rescued this property from the seizure 
with whudiii had been viiltcd-'that ii, rescued it from a court of jus- 
tier; mid of " having placed ii in a ailuation more favorable than 
that at many other veuelt and car^oei uhieh continued in a kind oi 
ojur/.-iiMi'i. by '.In- inspcntioii ol all proueedings In regard to them." 
And [wand this case Is nilduced as proof m" tha repeal ul the 
Bciu'iiaiul Milnn D.cie.'.son the 1st November I BIO ' 

It i« tine tlmt in a postscript dated the fifth of Jul) (a mouth subse- 
qo.-ni wiln date of the letter to which it is nppc tided, and Seven 
months sfter hu rcmonstrnnr.e to the French gover out) Mr. Rus- 
sell mass ttiiii on' 1 i » l"d been given to cancel ihe bond in question 

But il] t1|i| is no proof of the revocation of the decrees. Lotus tec 

whet he aiysflu the JSiholthat month. " A lib..' I wui fully improa- 
«d »iiU the importance of an early decision in favor ol the captured 
, ,1 which hid been mutinied iu the list above mcntioui d" 

1 .i i'. Amcriciiu \es«eU whose cargoes had been admitted by or- 
doi ,i ihi Emptil'ur" — probably under licence] yet I deemed ii proper 
to wait for a Jew day*, before 1 made an application on the suhjeut. 
On Ibe Uth bow ever, having learnt at theoouuullof priicsilun no new 

■ m i v hud hcenri eeWed Ui ere" — (thai on the lllti Ol July, ifll.thc 
Frcnili Cdmiralt) court had no notice uf the repeal of ti;c decrees) 
•• uliu Iged ii to V my duty no loopy lo remaiu lilunL 1 therefore 

■ hi iii i i'ii »ihi rest i I to the Dukool Bissau o my nnte, «itii a list of 
Amerjtfin vt •.■I- captured sinca tbejii it of A'ovamber On the isili 
t learnt thsl he b.<4 laid tlu> note with a geimral report before the 

Emperor, bul that his majesty declined taking anV d."'»ion «ith 
reeni'd to it, before it had been tubmitled la a council afetmrntrtt. 
The linn-e wonlil tal.i into oon si duration the distinction between ihe 

council of prize*, no admiralty eourl I d to decide according (t the 

laws of the empire, nnd the council ol oommeree, wliieli waa o'tho 
nattui; of n b-jard ni trnde ; eharged with the general superintend a noe 

ol thi coucer I" oommeree ; occupied iii deviling regulntinnt, not 

in expounding them ; mi institution altogether pot-licat, by no means 
Judicial. His majesty linn determined io consult his council oi com- 
merce, whether iVoin motives ot policv hi' should, orshould not firnnt 

a special i-st'iiiptionii'iitii ihe operation of his laws [o ihe samclettor 
learning from the Duke of UnssHno ihat "the ease of the hri^ Goml 
Inn nl must be carried before the council of Prixee," Mr Russell 
wishes to secure this ease from this inauspicious mode of proceed- 
ing :" that is, from the operatic! of the law. Wiy ) if the law, so 
dreaded, »;•* repealed ' 

" I hud from tinic lo lime (he continues ) informed myself of the 
" nroceeilincsj in regard to the enptured vessels, and ascertained the 
" fad llint i he Duke of Banana hndmade n rcjioriin relation to them. 
" The Emperor, it appears, however, still wished Tor the decision or 
" Ids Council of Commerce. What 1 to know ifhis dtuu-coanf Berlin 
and Milan were revoked I whs his majesty ignorant ol the fact ' Can 
stronger evidence he adduced thai they were in force, or can tha it. 
leas, (not by the courts of law, bul by special executive interference) 
under bectiHar rirCumtlaneet, and after n long detention for violating 
those decree*, of a single vessel, establish the fact of their repeal ? 
On the contrary ought not the solitary exception (granting it to be 
one) to fortify the general rule • 

In passing, it was well worthy of remark that the French minister, 
being interrogated by Mr. Russell on the subject nl our future cbm- 
Oicrutal intercourse uiih Fmnee, " replied that no such communica- 
tion would he made at Paris, bul ihnt Mr. Scrrurier would be fully 
instructed on this head." The House wnuld recollect how muoh bad 
been expected of Mr Scrrurier on his arrival, nnd how much had been 
obtained. An Ex Secretary of State even had the temerity to charge 
the President wilh having compelled him to desist from putting any 
interrogatories to the French Minister on his arrival. lint be that 
hmI may, one thing is certain, tnal application having heen made 
io the minister at the requisition of the Senate during the present 
session, he had declared an entire ignorance of every thing relating to 
Ihe subject. 

To dissipate the last shadow of doubt nn the question or the repeal 
of the French Decrees, Mr. Scrrurier, in his letter of July 23, 1S1I, 
to the Secretary of Slate, expressly declares, that " the new dispo- 
" titions of our government, expressed in the supplementary act of 
" the Id of March lait, having been officiiilly communicatee! to his 
"Court, Ins imperial majesty, as soon as he was made acquainted 
" with ihem, directed that the American vessels sequestered in the 
" ports of France since the 2d November, should be released, orders 
** were nt the same time tn he given lo admit -hncrletin vessels, Ja- 
" den with American produce ! ' 

Under these eircunninnces, whatever difference of opinion might 
exist ns to the propriety of the President's Proclamation in the fir^t 
instance, there could he none ns to its revocation. As soon ns il was 
ascertained, not only from the proceedings of her orujseri on the 
high seas, hut of her courts nf law, and of her government, that France 
had acted, mala tide, towards this country, it surely became the duty 
ol the President to recall that proclamation. He could have no doubt 
of bis constitutional power over the subject, having already exercised 
it in a case not dissimilar. QErskine's arrangement.] That procla- 
mation was the dividing line of our policy; the root of our present 
evil. From thnt fulal proclamation we are to date Our departure from 
that OCUlral position lo which we had in long and so lenacinosly ad- 
hered, and the .accomplishment of the designs of France iipnn us. 
In issuing it, the President had yielded lo the deceitful overtures of 
France ; and it was worthy of observation how different a construc- 
tion had thereby been put upon the act of non-intercourse (as it was 
commonly called) from that of May, 1810 — although the words of the 
two acts were the same. In the first case, a modification of the de- 
crees and orders of the belligerents, so as that they should cease to 
violate our neutral rights was alono required. In the second, other 
matter was blended with them, although the words of the two nets 
were identically the same, This grew out of the insidious letter of 
the Duke of Cadore, the terms of which were accepted, with the con- 
ditions annexed, by the President of the U. States. These conditions 
presented tno alternatives ; " That England should revoke her or- 
ders in council and abolish those principles of blockade wliieh France 
alleged lo be new, or that the U. States should cause their flag to 
be respected by the English" — in other words should become parlies 
to the war on the side nt France. In order to know what these prin- 
ciples were, the renunciation nf which we were to require nt (he in- 
sllgation of France, it would be necessary to attend to the language 
01 the French decrees. By these il would not be denied that prin- 
ciple-, heretofore unheard of, were attempted io be "interpolated 
into the laios of nations' — Principles diametrically adverse lo those 
which the government of the U. States had repeatedly recognised in 
their correspondence with foreign powers as well as "in their pnblie 
treaties, to lie legitimate nnd incontestable. The French doctrine of 
blockade being the only branch of the subject embraced in the Duke 
of Cadore's letter of the Sth of August 1S10, would alnne be noticed. 
These required that the right of blockade should be restricted " to 
fortified ports, invested by sea and by land. That it should not ex- 
tend to the mouths nf rivers, harbors, or places not fortified." 

Under such definition the blockade of May 18a6, otherwise called 
Mr. Fox's blockade, stood condemned — but Mr. Randolph had no 
hesitation in affirming that blockade to have been legal, agreeably to 
ihe long established principles of national law, sanctioned by the U. 
Slates, In Mr. Foster's letter of the 3d of July last to Mr. Slonrne, 
he says — " the blockade of May 1806 was notified by Mr. Secretary 
" Fox ou this principle [" thnt no blockade cun be justifiable or valid 
" Unless it be supporteii by an adequate force destined to maintain 
" it and lo ox pose tn hazard all vessels attempting ti> evade its oper- 
" alioii 1 .'] nor was that blockade announced, until he bad satisfied 
" himseli by a communication with the bo,n d of Admiralty, thnt the 
" Admiralty pnssessed the means and would employ them or wateh- 
" mg ihe whole coast from Brest to Elbe and of effectually enforcing 
" tin- blockade 

" The blockade of May H"lfi according to the doctrine maintained 
" by Great-Britain was just nnd lawful in its origin because it wns 
" supported both in intention nnd fact by an adequate naval force." 
In a subsequent part of the same letter it is distinctly averred that 
" thai blockade was maintained by a sulfide nl naval force ," and the 
doctrine of paper blockade is every where expressly disclaimed in 
the correspondence, here as well as at London. " If (says Mr. Fos- 
ter) the orders in council should be abrogated, the blockade of May 
IKoil, could not continue under our construction if the taw of nation* 
ttnleei th'tt blockade should he maintained by a due application of an 
adequate naval force" The same admission will be found in Mar- 
quis Wcllcsley's correspondence with Mr. Pinkuey. 

The coast of France from Rrcst lo Calais is what seamen call an 
iron-bound coast It had been blockaded in every war during the 
last century, that short period of the American war excepted, when 
England lost the mastery of the channel. No Hrilish minister would 
be suffered tn hold his place who should fail strictly to watch the op- 
posite coast of France. Brest, her principal naval arsenal, protruded 
out into the Atlantic Ocean, confessed the want of suitable harbors for 
ships ol war in the channel: while from Plymouth, Portsmouth and 
ibe rnouth ul the Thames the opposite coast is easily watched nnd 
overawed. From Calais to til* Elbe ihe coast is low, and shelving, 
difficult of access, affording few good inlets, indeed none exoepi the 
Scheldt. Tlie blockade of this coast is as easy as that nf Carolina. 
But it must not pass unnoticed that the blockade was in point of 
fact, (as appears from Mr, Monroe's letters to Mr. Madison ol thu 
17th and SO ill uf May, iSUfi) limited to the small evtcnl of the coast 
between Havre and Ostein! j neutrals being permitted lo trade, freely, 
eastward of Ostein!, and westward of tlie mouth of the Seine, "except 
in articles contraband of war nnd enemies' properly which are seiza- 
blc without blockade." And Mr. Monroe, in announcing this very 
blockade of May 1G, 1800, lo his own government, Speaks of it ns a 
measure highly salitliictory to the commercial interests. And yet the 
removal ol (his bloukndu against which Mr. Monroe did unt remon- 
strate, ni u loch there aas no mention in the subsequent arrangement 
ol Mr Krskiiic, which did not stand in the way ol thaL arrangement, 
Of which nn notice was taken in our proposition to P.nglnud lor a mu- 
tual iiliHiulonment of our embargo and her orders in council, is how 
by Freueh device and contrivance to be made a tine qua nun, on in- 
dispensable preliminary to all accommodation with Great Britain. 

llr. Randolph had heard with sincere satisfaction many respectable 
gentlemen, in the House itud out of it, express a wish, Rial, by a 
revocation of the orders iu council, the Biilish mi .118 try would put it 
in the power of our government tu come 10 some adjustment 01 onr 
differences witll England. The position which he was about to lay 
down, nnd the proof of which the course of his argument hull compel- 
led him in some degree lo anticipate, however!) might start) i pm^Olis 
of this description, wns uevci Uietuta susceptible uf the most direct and 
positive evidence. Little did those gentlemen drcnra, but such was 
the indisputable fact, that the orders iu council had not stood in the 
way of aceouiinodufioii, nnd that their removal at this moment would 
notsatlify our administration. In Lord Welhsley's letter to Mr. 
Pinokney of Dee 29, ikio, he says — "II nothing mom bad been rc- 
"qnh-eil Of Great-Britain, for the purpose of securing the continuation 
"ol the repeal of the Freueh decrees than the re pud of out' orders in 
"council, I should not have hesitated to declare the perfect readiness 
"of this government to fulfil that condition. Oo these terms ihe Hnt- 
"iih government has always beeu seriously disposed to repeal ll 
"orders in council. It appcurs, however, not only 
"the French minister, but by your explanation, that me rev 
"orders in council will not satisfy either the French Or the American 
"governments. The British government is further required by Lbu 
"letter ui the French minister to renounce those principles "f blink- 
"ade which the French govern men I a I ledges to be new " 

This fact m placed lies 1 H doubl, bv i\i r. Pi tiki icy *S answer of the 

by the letter of 
the repeal of the 

Uth .In 


■Ii 1 

„ irchend the othur parts of your lortl- 
"shJO/s loiter," says he.'Mhev declare iu effect thai ihe Unli-li guv- 

"ei' em wiU repeal nothing but the Order* in Council." Ami 

afi.uti. '-h r: ' Tiauiiy tine that the American government has re- 
quired, as indispensable in the view 01 ii- Rets of intercourse and 
iiuii-iutcrcours, . ti,e annulment ol the Biilish blockade of May UQbV 1 

l bus when ihe British gove cnl itood ph .. ,,i tn n pual Its or- 

dewin council, u nueation cntirelj distinct has been dost* i« rom- 

H"-' 1 "■'* " ' ir discussions with England j thu mnunuistion ol ii- 

right ot ulackjkJo, in the fJsoe ol Mr, Madison's construction of tbo 
uou-iotercourse law, ami of Mr Smith's InsLraeijouilo Gem ral Arm- 

strr.iigof.lulv S and 2 Xovemhpr, 1(110, lias been declared Indispen- 
sable m the view of ilni net, and there is the fnllcsi admission that 
rt'ii-e than the repeal ol the order* in council was Wquirtd, viz of 
that blockade, n gainst we had not lifted nor rolce, until require:! to 

dOSOby France, » Inch Mr. Monroe (so IM' Ir.mi r xting 

Rgmnst it, which would have been his duty lo have done, if illegal) 
considers "a$ highly watltfaclori) t; the commercial interim." A 
blockade u legal ns would be thai of the ports of ' tiesapesta . with » 
sufficient force staiioned in Lynn Haven Bay. What >s a legnl block - 
ado I A blockade wilh such a force as renders Hu approach of mer- 
chant vessels dangerous Mark the wonderful fnailiu with wind, Mr 
Pinfeney not only blund* the question of the blockade of May, 1SO0, 
with the repeal of the orders in council ; but his disposition to go, if 
At COIIld, the whole length of the French doctrine of blockade ; a 
doctrine unheard of before the reign of Bonaparte. "It is bv no 
(i means clear that it may not fairly he contended on principle and 
early usage tlmt a maritime blockade is incomplete with regard to 
states at peace, unless the place which it affects U invcttedby land 
ns -li-ella* by sea." And vet in this same letter he says, "Von im- 
j( Bgme that the repeal is not tn remain in force, unless ibe British 
government, m addition to the revocation of its orders in council, 
abandon Its system of blockade. I am not eooscions of having staled, 
as your Lordship seems so think that this issn, and 1 hclii re in fact 
^ that it is otherwise. Even if it were admitted, however, the orders 

in council ought nevertheless in be revoked " The Am eric loc- 

li-uie ol hlookade is estpreisly laid down in Mr. Smith's letter lo Com- 
modore Preble, of the -ith ot February, ISO-l. "Wlmncvcr thcrnl'ore 
Jyou shall have thus formed a blockade of ihe pori of Tripoli ('so as 
i( tn create an evident danger of entering it') von will have a right (o 
capture lor adjudication m.v vessel that shall attempt tn enter with 
a knowledge ol the blockade." The vory sumo doctrine ngninst 
winch, at the instigation of France, we arc now about to plunge into 

Mr Oandolph said he was compelled lo omit m a nyatriklng proofs 
ot the truth of his positions, from absolute weakness and inability to 
rend the voluminous extracts Irom the ilonunenl- before him. If the 
otter should be made of a repeal of the orders \„ council, w hich our 
people at home, good easy souls, supposed tu he the only obstacle, the 
wound, as after the accommodation nf the affair of the Chesapeake, 
would still remain incurable. He had nnt touched upon ihe subjuct of 
impressment, because notwithstanding the nss which had been made 
oi it m that house nnd in the public prints, it did not constitute, accor- 
ding to the shewing or our own government, an obstacle loaeeommo 
nation ; (the orders in council anil question ofblnekado being the iit-oto- 
nrf impfidutietits) and because it appears from Mr Monroe's letter of 
the SStb Feb. 1808 " that il, c ground on which that interest was pla- 
^ ced by the paper of the Hritish rommissinners nf Nov. S, 181,0, nnd 
the explanations which accompanied it, was both honorable and ad. 
vtmtagtQUI to the U. States That it contained a concession in 
their lavor on the part of Great-Britain, on the great principle in 
contestation, never before made, by a formal, obligatory act of the 
government, which was highly favorable to their interests." 
In Tact the rejection of Mr. Monroe's trenlv had alone prevented 
the settlement upon honorable terms, of tide as well as every Other 
topic of difference between the two governments. 

He called the attention of the House to Mr. Smith's teller to Mr. 
Armstrong ot July 5, ISIO, requiring in the name ol the President, 
restitution of our plundered properly as a "preliminary to accommo- 
dation between the two governments."— "As has been heretofore 
st-itcd to you, * satisfactory provision for restoring (h-pro... rti lately 
surprised and seized by the order or nt the instance of the French gov- 
criimcnt must b c eomhmed with a repeal .f tlie French edicts will, a 
view toannn -intercourse with G. Britain; such aprovisitm heme an 
iKdufentablg evidence of the jusl purpose of France towards the U. 
Mutes , Yet nn restitution had heen made i "that affair is settled bv 
the law of reprisal. What had been ihe language held on tliis floor 
and by ministers of state in official communications to committees of 
congress ? "that the return of the Hornet should he conclusive as to 
our relations with France. That if Mr. Barlow ahoulil not ruceccd 
in attaining the most complete redrewfor the pvt, and assurances for 
the future, wc would take the same stand against her as against Great 
Britain : that any uncertainty as to his success, would he equivalent to 
certainty ol his failure. Such was the language held until the fact 
occurred, tlmt no satisfaction had been, or was likely to bc obtained. 
Indeed for some days after the arrival of the Hornet, these opinions 
had been maintained. They bad however gradually died away, ami 
it was only within +8 hours past, that a different language had been 
held. W as it necessary lo remind the house ol ihe shuffling conduct 
and policy nl France towards us ? Of the explanation attempted bv 
^ecrei, the minister oF marine in relation tu the Berlin Decree and 
the subsequent annunciation of his government to Mr. Armstrong, 
with true French sangfroid, that "as there wns no exception of the 
V. States in the terms or the decrees, so there wns no reason for ex- 
cepting them from their operation." Have we forgotten Champagny's 
declaration of war in our name .' " War exists then in fact between 
England anil the Coiled Mates, and his majesty considers it as declar- 
■\T , V' f " r ycaM pl,sl ' Fnrnee had required us to make war 
with Lngland as the price of undefined commercial concessions from 
her. We had been told "that we ought to tear to pieces the act or 
our independence— that we were more dependani lliau Jamaica- 
thai we were without just political views, without enenrv, wiihout 
honor, and that we must at last fight lor interest, after having refus- 
ed to fight for honor." 

France whilst you required of her ns a preliminary to further accom- 
modation, the restitution of her plunder decoyed "into her ports, re- 
quired Irom you, as a preliminary, a war wilh England. Mr Barlow 
lias now- been ten months in France, dancing attendance oo her Court 
without being able to obtain an answer ton few plain questions— Are 
your decrees repealed >— It is considered as improper to make ihe 
enquiry. Instead of the edict, rescript, the instrument of repeal by 
whatsoever name it bc called, he sends us the strictures of ihe French 
government upon the proceedings of the American Congress, and a 
remonstrance to the Duke of Bossano, that the repeal of the Decree* 
(in which he n compelled to Teign a belief, because the President's 
Proclamation is the sole evidence of the fact) has noi been given in 
charge to the French cruisers, but that the public ships ol war 
(Nymph and Medusa) enntinue to o«-r>i our vessels on ihe high sens. 
And what does the Duke of Bassano tell him in reply » The same old 
story ol Chninpngny lo Gen. Armstrong— "The U. States will he en- 
tirely satisfied nn the pending questions, and there will be no obstacle 
to their obtaining the advantages they have in view, if they succeed in 
mahng their fag safe .'" Iu other' words, make war with England 
and you will bc satisfied [and not until then] ou the pending quest- 
ions. And what are ihcy '. on one of them, the required compensation 
tor plunder — your minister after waiting for months for an oral an- 
swer, tells you, "This is dull taar/e, hard to begin, nnd difficult to 
execute." This is the claim too required by Mr Secretary Smith, 
under the President's order, to be satisfied as n preliminary lo the 
acceptance of the overture of August 5, 1S10 ! It is possible the Wasp 
may bring out something, just to hush up complaints until we are 
fairly embarked in war- into which if we enter, il will be a war ol 
submission to the mandates of a foreign Despot — tlie basest, Ihe most 
unqualified, the most abject submission, rrfliioe for yens* past has 
offered us terms (without specifying what they were) at the price of 
a war with England, which, hitherto, we have rejected. That price 
must now be paid. The Emperor deals only for ready mouey — imd ! 
carrying his jealousy further than in the ease ol" the President s Pro- 
clamation (which he would not believe until iis terms were fulfilled J 
he requires to be paid in hand before he will name his equivalent . 

In the celebrated case of instill by implication or insinuation, offer- 
ed by Mr. Jackson, there existed in the archive* of the country, a 
monument (such as it was) of the sensibility of this House to that in- 

reduced 'o Writing and leconde !. (Thus- revers- 
ing- his own and Mr Bibb's previous decision.] — 
An appeal was taken irom this decision, and ii was 
affirmed, Ayes 67, Noes 42. 

Mr. Randolph then said, that under the coiugul- 
s'uiii of the House lie submitted his motion 

" Pesolveil, Thai under existing ciicum stances it 

is inexpedient tu resort to Wiu? against Great liri- 

laili " 

Tlie motion wns accordingly handed to the chair, 
and being seconded, Mr. Kanuolph was proceeding 
to argue in support of it, when Mr. CulllOtln again 
interrupted him on the ground that a rote must be 
taken (without debate) "to consider the motion?* 
The Speaker decided that this was noi net cssaryi 
and Mr. Ilajidolpli, after thanking the Speaker ftrf 
tins decision, was recommencing Ins observations, 
when the objection being repeated, the Speaker 
said he hud given a liast) opinion nnd reversed Ids 
decision. The vote to coiisidci Hit motion ivastlicn 
put ;uh1 negatived, ayes w, noes 72- put 
a period to all further discussion, 
NOTE (A.) 
" All tlie vessels mentioned in the liet (of ad- 
mitted vessels) except the Crate Ann Green, In. I 
come il^ect fro- ;f -■ Ijrr.ti':. States will- mi having 
done or submitted to any known ui_t, which could 
have fubjected tutm to the upcratiun of ihe Berlin" 
and Milan Decrees, hud those decrees continued 
in Ibrce. Tlie Grace Ann Green stopped at Gib- 
raltar, and in proceeding thence to Marseilles wag 
captured by an English vessel of war. The Caff. 
tain ol" the Grace Ann Green, with a few of his 
people, rose upon the British pri/c crew, reti ok 
his vessel from them, and carried her and them in- 
lo the port to which he Was" bound. 

" The Captain considered this recapture of his 
vessel as an act of resistance to tlie British Orders 
in Council, and as exempting his property from tlie 
operation of the French decrees, professedly issued 
in relation of those orders. He likewise marie a 
merit of delivering to this government nine of its 
enemies to be treated as prisoners of war. His ves- 
sel was liberated in December, and his cargo the 
beginning of April last, and there is some difficulty 
precisely £SC2insiri::g7.'l:ethertl:b fb-iiv.tioii was 
predicated on tlie general revocation of die Berlin 
and Milan Decrees, or on a special exemption from 
them, owing io the particular circum stances of the 

" It may not be improper lo remaik, that no A- 
merican vessel, captured since the lui of Novem- 
ber, has yet been released or had a trial." 

[.See Mr. Russell's letter of ihe 8ih Mav, 181 1, 
to die Secretary of State ] 
Extract of a letter frwn Mr. Smith to Gen. Jrni. 
strong, dated November 2d, 1810. 
You will herewith receive a print* .1 copy of th c 
proclamation, which, conformably to the act of Con 
gress, has been issued by the President on the re- 
vocation of the Berlin ami Milan Decrees. You will 
however let the French government understand 
that this has been done on the ground that these 
decrees do involve an extinguishment of all ihe 
edicts of" France actually violating our neutral 
rights, and that the reservations tinder the expres- 
sion "it being undcrsiood," are not conditions pre- 
cedent affecting the operation of the repeal, and on 
thc ground also that thc U. states arc not pledged 
against the Blockades beyond what is stated in my 
letter to yon of tile Sth of July. It is to be re- 
marked moreover, that in issuing; the proclamation 
that dm requisition contained in that letter on the sub- 
ject of the sequestered property, will hare b:ci tatlt- 

(This requisition is yet unsatisfied.) 

General Armstrong to Mr. Fintttey. 

t, , ,. . January 25, 1810. 

Ihe only conditions required for the revocation 
bv lus Majesty the Emperor, of the Decrees uf Ber- 
lin, will be a previous revocation bv ihe British go- 
vernment of her Blockades of France, or France or 
part of France, {such as that from Clbe tu Dreat, Sic } 
unterior to that of the aforesaid decree." 

This is thc Duke of Cadore's answer to Generrd 
Armstrong's enquiry. 

Mr. Pinkney to General Armstrong. 

London, September 3, 1310. 
" Your letters concur in representing (with per- 
fect propriety, I think) that the revocation of the 
Berlin and Milan Decrees is to take effect aim- 
hitety alter thc lirst of November, and I have so put 
it to die British Government. 

Mr. Pininey to Lord Welletle): 

September 21, 1810. 
It is my duty to slate to vour Lordship, that an 
annulment of tlie blockade of May, 18U6, is consi- 
dered by die President io be as "indispensable in 
tlie view or that act [the act of Mav I, 1S12] as 
the revocation of the British Orders iii Council. 
Dittc of Cadore to Gen. Armstrong. 

September 12, 1S10. 
" The principles of reprisal must be the law in 
that affair," (Of tlie sequestered property.) 
Extract of a letter from Mr. Barlow to the Date 
of Bassano, dated February 6, 18J2. 
mv i.ord— I understand tlie brig Bclisarius, of 
New-York, cupt Locltwood, and her cargo, is about 
to be confiscated, after a report made to his mijes- 
ty, because this vessel and her c-\t%q ate liable to 
tkt decreet f/ Milan uj tAt irr>, December, lsor. 

If under such circumstances, without having received any shadow 
of indemnity for the past, or security for the future — if indeed se- 
curity could be given by thc French Emperor— tlie V. States become 
virtually a party to the war in his behalf, it must confirm beyoud 
Ihe possibility of doubt, every surmise that has gone abroad, how. 
ever gross, however injurious to the honor or interests of this gov- 
ernment — that there exists in our councils nn undue, a fatal French 
bias. After tlie declarations of official men, after the language ut- 
tered on Hint floor, if tha 0*. States become parties to Ihe war wilh 
France again3l her rival, it must establish as clearly as the existence 
of the sun above us — this event has not happened and Cod forbid 
it shquid— but if it does, the conclusion will he irresisuhle ami this 
government will slanil branded to the latest posterity, v unless the 
pics should perish iu tlie general wreck of human fiber ty) as the 
pandars of Freueh despotism — as ihe tools, the millions, sycophants, 
parasites of France. ' I'was to secure the country from this oppro- 
brium ihat the proposition was about lo he submitted. 

This is not like u war for a .Spanish succession ur a Dutch bar- 
rier : tor the right of butting logwood on a desart coast, or fishing 
iu llie pular sea. It is a war unexampled in the history of mail- 
kind— a war, — separated ;is we are from the theatre uf it by a wide 
ocean — from which it behoves us to stand aloof— lo set our bucks 
to the wall and await the coming of the enemy — instead ol rushing 
out at midnight in search of the disturbers of our rest, when a thou- 
saild tbggurs ore pointed at our bosoms. But it is said WC must 
figlil for commerce — a war tor commerce deprecated by all the 
Commercial portion of our country, by New England and New York 
tlie great holders of onr navigation and capital 

[Mr. Calhoun called to order : the question of war was not be- 
fore the House. It w.,.s decided by Mr. Hibb then ill thc chair, the 
Speaker hating vacated it a few minutes before, thai Ihe objection 
was not valid, as llie gentleman from Virginia had nmioiuiccd his 
intention lo conclude wilh a motion, anil it had been usual in such 
cases In permit a wide range of debute.] 

.Mr. liaudolph dunked the geiith mult from South Carolina for 
the respite which lie had uniiiicutiuiinllv given him, and wliieh in 
Itis exhausted situation was highly grateful. This war tor com- 
mercial rights is to be waged against the express wish (eonstilu- 
tiniiiilly pronounced, spoken in language Which cannot be inisim- 
ilri iii Mid) of the great commercial section ot the United Slates — a 
war which must cut up commerce by the roots, wliieh in its opera- 
tion must necessarily driyc population and capital beyond ihe 

Mn. Camioux said lie would {live the gentleman from Vir- 
ginia another opportunity to rcsl 1 self. He repeated his call to 

oidci and di e Speaker decided that tin- motion must be submitted, 

TltF. .1 
Reef, fresh per lb. - 
fork, do, in hogs, pei 
Veal, lb. ... - 
M'titon, lb. - - - 
Poultry, lb. - - - 
flutter, fresh, lb. 
Bggs.dou. - - - - 

- 6 

12 a*. 

8 crs. 

3 etc. 

H Cte. 

12 em 

18 ct. 

15 cte. 


Ashes, pot and pearl, pert 
Duller, Ist£f2iiqua1. lorship. 
Beans, white, nush . - . 

Cheese, Am. lit, 

Cider, liquor, libl. .... 

Flax, lb. 

Flour, sup. - 

Feathers, Am. live geese, |b. 

Com, bush. 

Kye, dm 

Oils, do. 


Hogs Lard, 1st and3dqiuil, lb. 

./.'# . 

95 105 
15 a Id eft. 
[25 <i 140 tie. 
8 .i 14 as. 
3 cff». 
It a 15 ci*. 

10 die, 
59 o 63 ctt, 
83 a 90 cts. 
9? « 100 «... 

50 eta 

12 a 14 ere, 

13 a 14 cts. 


Six per Ct-nls, 98} a 99 per cL. 

Staii: Kate*, 99 n 99i 

Hills on London, 30 days, 

20 per ct. dis. 


IK 12. 


20 Friday, 
'27 Saturday, 
23 Sunday, 
39 Monday, 
30 Tuesday, 
Jolv 1, Wed. 
2 Thursday, 



Seta 1 Water 

4 27 

7 .;;; | U 29 

4 27 

7 33 1 S3 

4 2" 

7 33 , 2 17 

4 IT 

r i 

3 lit 

4 28 

: sa 

4 2 

4 2" 

7 S3] 

4 54 | 

5 45 1 

4 29 

7 3lj 

■*> 3 34 £" 

— 3 " - 

'<i^O a 

*> oi « 13 * 

13 *. 

fou ruts CDi'.vritr. 

uni.sstta o tv bbh rmiiAV s i < c -.■..■■ e * 
Uv JAMBS t.u I u-.!i.