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Hunger Debate 
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Wellesley News 



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APRIL 25, 1975 

Parlett's study of Wellesley 
c onsidere d for distribution 

by Sharon Collins '77 

Last year, the Educational 
Research and Development Com- 
mittee commissioned Dr. 
Malcolm Parlett of the Division 
for Study and Research in Educa- 
tion at M.I.T. to carry out a study 
of certain aspects of the Wellesley 
College community. 

According to a memo released 
by the Committee last year, "Dr. 
Parlett is an exponent of what is 
called the 'illuminative' method 
which uses some techniques 
analogous to those of the 
anthropologist and historian." He 
is interested in distinctive qualities 
rather than broad, general goals 
"purportedly applicable to a 
variety of educational in- 
stitutions." Therefore, his 
research began with a period of 
'acclimatization' during which he 
worked with members of the com- 
munity to the end of defining the 
issues most appropriate to further 
inquiry. Also, "he is less in- 
terested in evaluating the institu- 
tion, or telling it what it should 
do. than in producing a report 
which will assist it in its dis- 
cussions and decisions. Those he 
observes arc the main 
beneficiaries of his observations." 

All of these statements referred to 
Parlett's original proposal of ap- 
proach to studying Wellesley. 

Parlett spent second semester 
of last academic year here at the 
college. He talked extensively 
with administrators, faculty 
members, and students He 
attended classes', lectures, and 
many other campus events. 

Over the summer, Parlett com- 
piled his information and con- 
clusions into a lengthy first-draft 
of the report, and. in September, 
the members of the Educational 
Research and Development Com- 
mittee read and discussed the con- 
tent and presentation of the 
report. The Committee made 
some suggestions for revision and 
sent the report back to Parlett. 

Several weeks ago, Arthur 
Gold, Director of Educational 
Research and Development, 
received the final draft of the 
report. The Committee unan- 
imously agreed that- this second 
draft is a great improvement over 
the first draft of Parlett's report. 
There was also a majority con- 
currence that the report should be 
distributed in some form to the 
college community at large. The 
Committee discussed having the 
report duplicated in a fairly inex- 

pensive form and making it 
available to any interested 
member of the community. Gold 
hopes that the report will be ready 
for dissemination by next fall. 

The Committee noted that 
Parlett's report is a different kind 
of literature than that which 
would come out of the Wellesley 
College Public Relations Office. 
As well as acknowledging many of 
the assets of the College, it probes 
some of the problems which con- 
tribute to the "malaise" as Parlett 
quoted one student. Gold feels 
that the report articulates some of 
the things which people go around 
constantly complaining about. 
"Perhaps getting these pervasive 
complaints in print will somehow' 
finalize them ... no one will feel 
original when complaining about 
these things ... then we can move 
on to a new phase of 

Irene Monroe '77 is cheered on by fellow Wellesley students as she hits 
the half-way point of the Boston Marathon. 

Legal controversies cause 
end of graduate programs 

by Mary Jo Ruben '77 

The Wellesley College Board of 
Trustees voted on April 10. 1975 
to discontinue the graduate 
programs in art history and 

The controversy is mainly a 
legal one. The Buckley Amend- 
ment prohibits discrimination in 
higher education. In Welleslcy's 
case, this would mean discrimina- 
tion against men. Ferguson, 
chairman of the art history 
department says. "We can't con- 
tinue it unless we admit men. We 
are in violation of federal and 
stale law." Agreeing to admit 
men would break the deed of 
grant Durant specified. The 
question could be taken to court 
with a request to set aside that 
clause in his will. An issue, 
though, is to assure that the un- 
dergraduate all-women status of 
Wellesley is not affected by such 

CABARET — May 2. 3, 4 at 8 p.m. in Jewett; open dress rehearsal. 
May I, time to be announced. 

American Studies under review 

~ by Becky Harrington 16 

This year students and faculty 
concerned with American Studies 
met regularly to discuss common 
interests and to develop a more 
cohesive American Studies 
program at Wellesley. The lack of 
administration support necessary 
to any substantial program 
shadowed skepticism on the 
program's future progress. This 
skepticism was added to by the 
fact that Harold Vanderpool. 
Asst. Prof, of Religion and pre- 
sent director of American Studies. 
Is not returning to Wellesley next 

The American Studies program 
Presently has established an 
American Studies Club supported 
b> SOFC funds, and also an 
American Studies lecture forum 
supported by funds from the Of- 
fice or the Special Events Coor- 

At its first meeting in 
September, the club set goals aim- 
e d at reducing the uncertainly and 
confusion that has plagued 
American Studies majors in the 
P?st. In response to the 
Widespread complaint that infor- 
mation regarding American 
Indies at Wellesley is fragmented 
and uncoordinated, recommen- 
dations were made for more struc- 
'"rc and guidance. 

Officers or the club met early 
'his semester with Alice Ilchman. 
D "n or the College, to discuss 
u "d present ideas aimed ut 
lengthening the American 
studies program. A core 
American Studies survej course 
jjnd the question or directorship 
for the program next year receiv- 

ed greatest priority. 

Majors had hoped for a director 
who could continue Professor 
Vanderpool's work or coor- 
dinating a continuing forum of 
Americanist speakers at 
Wellesley. advising majors, giving 
supervision and cohesiveness to 
the program, and serving as a liai- 
son between majors and facul- 
ty. At that time a new director 
had not been formally named. 
Also, the administration con- 
templated selecting an advisor 
rather than a director to head the 
program. As the directorship 
stands now, he or she will, like 
Prof. Vanderpool, be given no 
rclc^c time nor financial 
remuneration. This makes the 
directorship necessarily volunteer 

A comparison of the number of 
majors in each department and 
program, as listed in the Office or 
the Recorder, and the number or 
racully members per department. 

as listed in the course catalogue, 
gives evidence of the interest in 
American Studies as a major. 

No.Fac. No.Majs. 







Black Studies 

Rel. & Bib. Stds. 




Program (intcrdiscip.) No. Majs. 

Chinese Stds. 4 

Asian Studies ' 4 

East Asian Stds. 9 

Urban Studies 6 

American Studies 20 

In a recent pre-major meeting a 
conservative estimate of 18 
students responded that they plan 
to declare American Studies as 
their major. 

Courses with an Americanist 

perspective have increased in each 

department in the few years at 

Wellesley. Extradepartmenlal 

Continued on page 4 

an effort. 

The art history program was 
reinslituled in the rail or 1970. To 
dale, twenty-five students have 
been accepted and entered. 
Masters degrees awarded through 
June. 1974 number four. This 
year, si\ or seven awards are an- 
ticipated. Former Wellesley 
students are not accepted into the 
program. The Administration and 
the department decided not to ad- 
mil former Wellesley students 
because the graduate students' 
courses are 300 level courses and 
seminars. In their opinion, the ex- 
perience would not be as enriching 
for a former Wellesley student. 

In the sciences, graduate 
programs have been in existence 
for a long time. In the early '60 . 
there were approximately sis in 
biology, six in chemistry, one or 
iwo in psychology. There was a 
physical education masters 
program thai has died oul. The 
Chemistry Institute for graduate 
studies ended several years ago. 

In the biology department, five 
masters degrees will he awarded 
this year. Inquiries into the 
program have increased, with half 
coming from men. In the past, 
only one or two inquiries have 
come from men. In order to retain 
the program, compensatory 
measures would have had to be 
taken, and men enrolled. At pre- 
sent, a minimum of money is 
allowed to the program. Expan- 
sion would require more and pre- 
sent an economic problem. Prof. 
C oyne in the biology department 
feels that the program is not large 
enough as it is now to take away 
from the undergraduate program. 
but an increase could pose that 
threat. She says that student 
opinions she has heard have sup- 
ported the graduate program. 
"These graduate students often 
prove to be valuable information 
sources for undergraduates," she 

Ferguson discussed the 

need for graduate education in art 
history. In the Boston area, there 

have a program. Harvard takes 
about ten a year (reduced from 
twenty). Tufts lakes two or three. 
and Boston U. takes five or si\, 
and Wcllesle) lakes three or four. 
Programs are being cut still more 
for economic reasons and because 
or the reeling that there is a glut jr 
Ph.D. candidates in the field. 
Wellesley's program has func- 
tioned with the idea of op- 
ening positions for women. 
Ferguson commented upon the 
need for the program, and the ex- 
cellent facilities, faculty, and 
resources Wellesley has for such a 
program. He expressed concern, 
though, that the graduate 
program can take time away from 
the undergraduates and be a cost- 
I) enterprise in terms or faculty 
lime and concentration. Prof 
Anderson in the art history 
department also sees ihe program 
as potentially jeopardizing the un- 
dergraduate situalion in a single 
sex college. 

Bond to speak 
here Tuesday 

Julian Bond, young Georgia 
State Senator who has announced 
his inlcntion to run in the 
Democratic Presidential Primary 
for 1976. will speak at Wellesley 
College on Tuesday, April 29 at 
7:30 p.m. in Alumnae Flail. The 
first black to be nominated for a 
Presidential ticket in 1968. Bond 
will discuss "The Constituency or 
the New Politics." His speech is 
open to ihe public, free oT charge. 
Bond's visit to Wellesley is spon- 
sored by (he Black Studies 
Department, the Martin Luther 
King. Jr Committee and the 
Ethos Community Relations 

Born in Nashville. Tennessee in 
1940. Bond became active in the 
civil rights movement in the South 
while attending Morehouse 
College in Atlanta. He helped 
found ihe Committee on Appeal 
for Human Rights (COAHR) and 
the Student Non-Violent Coor- 
dinating Committee (SNCC) 

Bond was elected in 1965 to the 
Georgia House or Represen- 
tatives, but was barred from tak- 
ing his seat by legislators who ob- 
jected tp his statements on the war 
in Vietnam. Despite winning IWO 
special elections in 1966, he still 
did not take his seal until 1967 
after a U.S. Supreme Court deci- 
sion that the Georgia legislature 
had erred in reftising him his 
place. Bond eventually served four 
terms in the House and. in 
November of l*>74. was elected to 
the State Senate. 

He »a' co-chairperson or the 
Georgia Loyal National 
Democratic Delegation, an in- 
surgent group, at the 1968 
Democratic National Convention. 
The Loyal Democrats were 
successful in unsealing the 
regular, handpicked Georgia 
delegation. Bond was nominated 
for Vice Presidenl. hut withdrew 
his name from consideration 
because or his age. 

Named to Time magazine's 200 
Leaders Lisi. his collected 
speeches have been published un- 
der ihe title "A Time to Speak. A 
Time to Act." He is 

Board Chairperson of the 
Southern Elections Fund, and 
President or the Southern Povertv 
Law Center. 

Faculty and Student Assignments to Trustee Committees 
The following is a list of Faculty and student members of Trustee Committees for 1975- 


Buildings and Grounds 

Finance Committee 
Investment Committee 
Nominating Committee 

Plans and Resources 


Peter Fergusson 
Owen Strallon 

Edward Slcltner 

Janet Guernsey 

Ingrid Stadler 
Blythe Clinchy 

Helen Cors.i 


Amy Reisen 

Rulhanne Madway 

Juynic Miller 

Ramona Mcadors 
Margaret Biggs 

Diane Datclicr 
Lynda Rose 
\m\ Hcren 

Students dance with a touch of romance at Wellesley *s Centennial Ball 
last Saturday night. 



In Our Opinion 

Guest editorial 

Native Americans: 

the dying race 

at Wellesley 

With the information recently made available concer- 
ning admissions for next year, I was appalled to discover 
that no Native Americans were accepted for the fall. 
Furthermore, Wellesley received not so much as a single 
application for admission from a Native American. 

Wellesley presently has four Native American stu- 
dents in its student body of about 1900, two of whom are 
juniors, one a sophomore and one a freshwoman. For an 
institution that espouses an interest in attracting a diverse 
student body, it has apparently not included the Native 
American as one culture which can add significantly to 
(he Wellesley experience. 

At one point in time Wellesley circulated a pamphlet 
stating her interest and desire to recruit more Native 
American students. There were then five students on 
campus, two of whom have subsequently dropped out 
and one who graduated. It is remarkable to note that in 
the past 97 years Wellesley had its first Native American 
graduate in 1973. 

In light of this information, I believe Wellesley's 
recruitment procedures should be reevaluated, especially 
where it concerns admission of Native Americans. 
Wellesley is effectively excluding qualified Native 
American women from this campus by failing to reach 
out to them. Dartmouth accepted 21 Native American 
students for next year. Why should Wellesley have dif- 
ficulties in locating prospective students when there are 
obviously a significant number of qualified students 
wishing to obtain an education? There are several 
student proposals circulating concerning recruiting 
Native Americans. If the number of Native American 
applications this year is a precedent for years to come 
then I believe that these proposals ought to be seriously 
considered. We are striving for more student input, and 
this is one area in which it is most needed. If Wellesley 
has adopted different priorities concerning Native 
American enrollment then I feel that it should let the 
Native American students and the college community 
know of any such change. I hope that this type of decision 
is not taken because I feel that Wellesley has something 
to offer Native American students and that they have 
something to offer Wellesley. For instance, next year 
during registration procedures when we're called upon to 
fill out the H.E.W. forms, Wellesley students will know 
the difference between Native American and American 
citizens. If you are unaware of the incident, registration 
procedures concerning the filing of these forms were 
changed because students were classifying themselves as 
Native Americans and the total enrolled at Wellesley was 
put at 900. 

At a Trustee dinner in the beginning of the year, I 
stated that we, as Native American students, were not 
here for Wellesley's first 100 years, but would be for the 
next 100. I'm sorry to say that for the class of 1979 this 
statement will not help. 

by Michele Tinsley '77 

News requests that 
letters be signed 

News welcomes letters to the editor, hoping to make the 
paper an easily accessible forum for members of the com- 
munity to express opinions, complaints, or kudos on any 
issue. The stipulation that letters for publication be signed 
is one of the few restrictions News places on letters. 

It cannot be denied that the exclusion of anonymous 
letters may in some instances mean that an individual's op- 
portunity for expression is curtailed. An individual's right 
to expression is an important one. but it cannot be pursued 
at the expense of the rights of other individuals. Particularly 
in instances in which the expression of an opinion affects or 
reflects upon others, it would seem that the individuals con- 
cerned have some sort of right to know the source of the 
opinion. On balance. News feels that those who wish to use 
the letters page to further their views ought to acknowledge 
their responsibility for their opinions. 

Letters to the Editor 

WBS seeks support to 
Continue campus communication 

n everything thai place to go to school than consider 

campus. It can do the implications of not funding an 

To the Editor: 

There is something ironic ahoul 
having to use the print media to 
save WBS but as usual we arc up 
against rather formidable odds 
and, well, you do what you can. 
Our problem: WBS must be 
able to demonstrate to Senate that 
it has enough student support to 
"arrant their funding the con- 
siderable cost of running a station. 
It is going to cost about SI 0,000 a 
year. Hence their hesitation. Bui 
it is a price like all others here in 
what you get for it. Media, folks 
Wellesley students taking toother 
Wellesley students. Wellesley 
faculty talking to Wellesley 
students. The College administra- 
tion talking to the faculty and the 
students. All together now. What 
was the big word on campus this 
WBS is immediate communica- 
tion. It doesn't just come out on 
Friday. Its every day and it can he 

Library policy 


happens on campus. 

publicity for all the other college organization that could link (lie 

organizations. It can provide community together. A little 

music for dormitory dances, money won't help. Senate has to 

Schneider and spring' weekend, niake the commitment to this 

noi to mention enierlainment for organization that it has made to 

von on sour own radio. It can others or watch the thing collapse. 

provide more open forums such as If i' i* important to the students. 

the ones with the college govern- they can find a way to do it. But 

ment candidates, Tony Scott and they need to know that you care. 

NOTE: The Wellesley /w, 
welcomes feedback from ii 
readers on any issue and win 
print most letters it recej 
The News reserves the right t 
shorten any letter due to space 
limitations and requires that all 
letters to be printed must be 
signed legibly, with the writ cr ' s 
affiliation to the College noted 
(e.g. student, faculty, etc.) 

Bill Martin. Mrs. Newell and 
Mary White. 

I have to make the deadline for 
i his media and therefore must 
slop. But if it is important to you 
that Wellesley is an interesting 

Please make a point of nailing 
your senate rep. and getting her to 
act on your concerns. Alternative- 
ly, we could all transfer ... 

by Melanie Ingalls 77 

WBS growth hinges 
on Senate funding 


To the Editor 

In attempting to obtain certain 
books for a final paper. I learned, 
with great dismay, the Library Is 
policy on books held by faculty 
members. It is understandable 
why Clapp Library would not 
wish to reveal the names of facul- 
ty, to avoid pressure being exerted 
upon them to acquire the book in 
quesiion But I think il highly in- 
appropriate that a community 
lib ran would refuse to notify me 
faculty member of the student's 
needs, or go so far -is 10 refuse the 
student the right to look at the 
hook, though presently in the 
library on hold for a professor 
Faculty members admit taking 
hooks ihcj frequently don't use 
for a few weeks it a lime, and din- 
to library policy, are unaware of 
others need for them Similarly. 
main faculty are lardy in retur- 
ning the books when done with 

Research books are it a 
premium: surely the students and 
faculty together could suggel to 
( lupp library an alternative and 
more equitable sharing procedure 
Finally, speaking as a frustrated 

Continued on page 7 

To the Editor: 

I believe that WBS radio could 
prove to be the lubricant to make 
this campus run. It has already 
started, but the possibilities of 
what WBS could do are endless 
For example: the present "Across 
I he Great Divide" program could 
he expanded considerably to run 
every evening and include guest 
appearances of speakers spon- 
sored In the various other groups 




To the Editor: 

In the interest of accuracy. I 
would like to correct two errors in 
the article "The Trouble With 
Trckkies ..." (NEWS. April II. 
1975.) First of all. there were only 
seventy -nine episodes of Star Trek 
filmed (counting the two pilots 
and taking the two part episode as 
one episode.) not eighty six- as 
Stated Also, the name Trekkie is 
"not exactly precise." Those of us 
that appreciate the show for its 
content and quality prefer to be 
called "trekkers. This may seem 
like useless quibbling, but the 
word trekkie is very reminiscent 
of groupie, girls who (aint at the 
sight ol a pointed ear or such. 
There arc those of us who would 
rather not he associated with such 

by Patricia Guida 76 

on campus. 

The classical music department 
could be expanded to include air- 
ing of tapes of student concerts: 
WBS is now broadcast in 
Schneider at TSIF and could be 
broadcast lo the coffeehouse. 
WBS could sponsor parties with 
its vast collection of music, etc. 

All of these thing which repre- 
sent the growth of the school radio 
station hinge upon Senate's fun- 
ding of WBS for operating costs 
and capital expenditures. If you 
want your radio station to survive 
and grow with and for the cam- 
pus, please speak to your Senate 
rep now. and show your support. 
II sou would like to know more 
about WBS. please call up al exl 
303 or 235-0640. 

by Karen Horner 77 

Vocabulary f 

Lib movement: 

To the Editor: 

It is annoying to plow through 
the ludicrous vocabulary of th c 
women's movement that appears 
in all kinds of printed form these 
days. But to Find il appearing 
regularly in titles of panel dis- 
cussions taking place in a school 
devoted not so much to propagan- 
da as lo education is disgustine. I 
am referring lo the discussions 
which opened the Center for 
Research on Women. 

1 1 is boring to have to look up 
every third word in the dictionary 
to determine just how the 
feminists managed to concoct one 
ol their more barbaric phrases. If 
only they would learn to speak 

To be specific, what is affir- 
mative action? How docs one go 
about credentialling women's ex- 
perience? I should also mention 
"viable" which as far as I'm con- 
cerned, should be restricted to dis- 
cussions about fetuses. 

by Alexandra Tuttle 76 

Experimental play 
Termed: moving 

News editorial 
Called misleading 

To the Editor: 

The editorial. "Are Student 
Staffed Dorms Possible'.'" printed 
in last week's NEWS has caused 
considerable concern on our part 

Wc would like to correct a mis- 
conception, concerning the future 
of student-staffing at Wellesley* 
upon which the editorial was oh- 
viouslv based. NEWS apparently 
seemed to believe thai student- 
staffing as a residence hall 

If student-staffing were to be 
proposed by any other of the 
Wellesley dormitories, it would 
certainly he considered by the 
Residence Office and College Ad- 
ministration only if that dor- 
mitorj had a well-drawn 
proposal, hacked by evidence of 
dormitory support for that 
proposal. There is in no sense a 
"plan" to extend student-staffing 
to other dorms (other than in the 

To the Editor: 

I think that the Experimental 
Theater production of "Jumping 
Off The Roof" is one of thc most 
beautiful and touching perfor- 
mances I have seen. The combina- 
tion of medias along with the in- 
tertwining of humor and drama 
creates a story from which anyone- 
can find a meaning or draw a 
parallel lo their own life. 

There were three scenes that I 
found most moving. One was 
Mary Stuart White's reading of 
Robin Morgan's "Letter lo a 
Sister Underground," a poem full 
of emotion, portrayed lovingly by 
Mary. Another was a scene called 


"Bittersweet" with Kathy 
Humphrey and Aina Allen, that 
illustrated thc always opening and 
closing gap between mother and 
daughter. Thc third, and my 
favorite scene, was the dance with 
Crispin Birnbaum and Mafgarel 
McMahon. depicting the 
sisterhood and love between two 
women and between all women. 
My thanks and congratulations 
to the entire company of "Jum- 
ping Off The Roof and a special 
thanks to Mary and Crispin for 
their sensitive and talented direc- 
tion. There was something in ihe 
play for everyone. 

by Nancy Cassard 77 

lifestyle is in some waj planned lo way abovemenlioned). It must be 
be "extended lo the rest of thc 
dorms." (quote. News article.) 

This is absolutely erroneous. 
When Stone/Davis asked for per- 
mission to become student-staffed 
lasi year (spring 1974) il did soon 
the basis of a Stone/Davis vote. 
indicating overwhelming support 
lor such a form of governance. 
Again this spring, a Stone/Davis 
ballot was taken, which again in- 
dicated overwhelming support for 
the continuation of the student- 
Staffed status during the 75-76 
academic year II was upon this 
basis sold) that the Residence Of- 
fice and College Administration 
supported student-staffing in 

emphasized that the initiative for 
this would come from a body of 
students, and not from the 
Residence Office or any olher 
College Administration Office 

We of Stone/Davis are certain- 
ly interested in welcoming to 
Stone/Davis those students who 
would like to participate in the 
Student-staffed lifestyle. Wc are 
equally interested in thc con- 
tinuing existence of the alternative 
of Wellesley's olher dormitories. 

Christy Harms 
Davis House President 

Anne Barrett 
Stone House President 

Wellesley News 

Editor-in-Chief .. 

Managing Editors . ' K^K 

Flavin '75 
Debbie Ziwot '76 

EdiioHai'Ediior' :::::::: ^ Sand L p r dit Jii 

Forum Naney McT.gue 77 

News Editor ", Ca ' henne J:"!" % 

Government Editor .. Shar ™ ! C °"'" S „ I] 

Features Editor Y-.'^uIr 

Arts Editor Ll ' a ^cMey 78 

Sports Editor Emily Yoffe 77 

Photography Editor ...i!" ^T ^"1 7f 

Business Manager S , asHa . N ° r .„ "\£ 

Ad Manager .... Jaynte Miller 76 

Circulation Manager 
Assistant Editors 

Lisa Horwiiz 

Jodie Ervay '75 

Molly Butler '7 

Leigh Hough '78 

Pam Chin '75 

Sharon Stotsky 78 

K. Isaacson '75 

Mary K> Van Amberg '77 

Billings Hall. w5iffc«E W u i " T. pcriodv a ™»l«fo" J.O00. Offices* 
«« 270. Subscript ?,.,,: Z'l e ^ M ™ 0i ™ Telephone: (617, 235-0320 
Wellesley College. 


l 770 c.k .."'■' '-"'■ege. wellulc 

' 1 ,:.,°;.l Ub ,: cr "" l0n «.««■ US mail: K00 pe r leme$lcr . 0w ' ned and puJ)lished by 

i„„ i)ii»i"_ 


— - J Y* - WtLLfcbLfcY NEWS 

Concord: Revolution in Revolution 

■ j^ pcbra S. Knopman '75 

Note: Last Saturday I joined in 
,/„• bicentennial celebration at 
Concord. The following are 
collected impressions which 
grew out of that experience. 


On the nineteenth of April in 
'75. a few British soldiers were 
killed by a small band of 
Minutemen at the Old North 
Bridce in Concord. In and of itself 
the event has limited meaning. 
Bui considering the pre-existing 
conditions and the subsequent 
events, the nineteenth or April has 
come to signify the quintessential 
"labor pain" of the American 
Revolution. Turning back the 
British at the bridge, the 
Minutemen (regardless of their 
awareness at the time.) acted out 
ihc meaning of our Revolution — 
ihe shakedown of British authori- 
ty Then came the alternative to 
colonial rule initiated by the 
Declaration, worked out in the 
Articles of Confederation, and 
consolidated in the Constitution 
and Bill of Rights — the super 
structure of the American system. 

2. REVOLUTION. ..Astronomical 
From the energy and interac- 
lion of natural forces, the earth 
revolves around the sun with 
regular frequency — a year. In. 
turn, our own lives revolve around 
the year — natural boundaries of 
past and future — counting out 
our age. our experiences and our 
history. They also instill a con- 
stancy and repetition, that history 

Concord. April 19. 1975. merg- 
ed the two definitions of 
"revolution" into a single form — 
a celebration of a past event, given 

"Is meaning by two hundred years 
or our history. The coincidence of 
the day stimulated a re-enactment 
and Ire-thinking of the event. And 
with the nourish r costumes 
speeches, and parades, the 
celebration became an event on its 
own terms _ a connection 
between the past and present. 
How did the people who gathered 
in Concord relate to the past? 
My Perspective 

From a hundred feet away and 
through the blur of 9 A.M.. I saw 
Gerald Ford step out of his Air 
Force helicopter. The small crowd 
standing by was just an appendage 
or the tens of thousands that 
awaited him al the Bridge. After 
shaking hands with the townspeo- 
ple. Ford was quickly ushered inlo 
a black limousine. As my friend 
and I moved down Monument 
Street toward the battlefield, his 
entourage passed us by. Walking 
just a few yards from the road, we 
had a good look inside his car — 
Ford. Caroline Kennedy, and Ted 
Kennedy sal side by side. Ford's 
presence seemed to give Ihc day 
an added importance. After all. as 
he reminded us in his speech, he is 
The President of fifty slates and of 
213 million Americans. 

For the speech. Ford stood on a 
platform near Old North Bridge 
on the left bank of the Concord 
River. Most of the crowd was 
packed on Ihc opposite side of the 
river. We were on the same side as 
Ford, standing behind and to the 
side of the platform. Nevertheless, 
our perspective was a revealing 
One. As we listened to the words, 
we observed their immediate im- 
pact in the way one views a 
ii a r. ik. I documenlars 

The Speech 

Ford spoke in the usual detach- 
ed rhetoric, ohlivious to the sen- 
timents of his audience. His words 
had so little to do with the context 
of the situation that it was ap- 
parent how much his present 
perceptions had distorted his view 
of the past. Ford's interpretation 
of American history was hardly 
accepted, al least on that day. The 
people around us booed at every 
epithet: "This is a time not for 
recrimination but for rcconcilia- 
li"n ... From militia of raw 
recruits, the American military 
stands in the front lines of the free 
world ... World leadership was 
Ihrust on us in the wake of World 
War II and wc have assumed it. In 
accepting that role, the U.S. has 
assumed responsibility which it 
cannot and will not retreat. Free- 
nations need the United States 
and we need free nations ... There 
is no government in our land 
without Ihe consent of the covcrn- 
cd ..." 

They shouted back al him with 
such passion that il seemed, for an 
instant, that he would hear them 
and stop and say. "Why yes. I 
suppose you're right after all." He 
couldn't hear the young man 
screaming. "Stop Ihc war!" or the 
woman holding a young child ask- 
ing "What war?" or Ihe children 
asking (heir parents why all those 
people were yelling and booing 
and hissing at the President. 

Just as Nixon used Lincoln in 
his speeches to give credence to 
his own words. Ford noted 
"Thomas Jefferson wrote of 
change in the light of American 
principles and he said. 'Nothing 
then is unchangeable but ihe in- 
herenl and unalienable rights of 
man.' Jefferson accepted change 
in the ordinary course of human 

events, hut he rejected fundamen- 
tal change in Ihe principles of our 

Pulling Jefferson on his side. 
Ford sought justification for his 
present actions. He came to Con- 
cord, not to venerate the past, but 
to use it. That was his connection 
to the day. The passage of lime- 
had subverted the event and turn- 
ed it into a tool of the present. In 
Ford's history, the American 
Revolution had paled to 
"natural" revolution, letting 
nature take its course, not 
challenging the established struc- 
ture and laws. 

The Parade 

First came the Concord High 
School Marching Band, followed 
by Minutemen with fifes and 
drums, Schrincrs, Masons. Boy 
Scouts, Brownies, equestrians, 
military bands, old women, little 
girls — an endless flow of every 
conceivable size, shape and color 
of American. Foreigners, too. 
participated from Ireland, 
England, and Canada. They 
marched lo old colonial rhythms 
or twirled batons to the tunc of 
"Yankee Doodle." One after 
another, the groups moved by. 
toward some end. but still realiz- 
ing that getting there ws all the 
fun. Spectators laughed and 
applauded, drank beer and soda, 
oohed and aahed. 

Occassional cars and trucks 
passed through the parade but 
there was an air of a pedestrian 
culture. People walked or rode 
bicycles everywhere. When wc 
had set out early that morning. I 
fell like a pilgrim journeying lo 
some sacred shrine. The people 
that filled the roads walked a 
quick pace with a real purpose — 
gelling lo the Bridge, seeing the 
President, listening to the speech. 

being in Concord on that par- 
ticular day. 

There was a genuine desire to 
relive a moment, create an at- 
mosphere of Concord 1775. not lo 
relate il to any part in the present, 
hul instead to acknowledge and 
respeel a piece of history as just 
that, Celebrating on that day 
lended authenticity to the spirit of 
remembering the event. The 
parade is a yearly occurrence In 
thai ritual is a rooted and constant 
quality. Even though the event has 
been glorified, il is left on its pin- 
nacle where the present cannot 
tarnish it. In contrast, Ford took 
the idea of the American Revolu- 
tion and gave it that same un- 
changeable quality. 

Revolution in Revolution 

E;ich year Concord celebrates 

Ihe nineteenth of April. Each year 
the entire country celebrates Ihe 
fourth of July. Each year the 
celebrations remind us of our 
past, a very specific past — ihe 
era of the turning over of uuthori- 
t\. the change of government, the 
change in Ihe relationship of peo- 
ple to Slate. Each year fastens the 
events more firmly in our minds 
The events have become in- 
stitutions in themselves, a curious 
predicament for .in idea like 
"Revolution." the kind lhal 
means "alteration, chance. 
mutation. " (O.E.D.) 

photo by Debra Knopman '75 

Should the U.S. do more to solve world hunger 

food assistance. 

In addition, other executive 
policies prevent a solution. Bolh 

by Beth Lambert '77, Abrigail Abraham '78 and Joan Darby 75 
■ i ■ — ■ 

This year there has been increasing awareness of the gravity of the 
world food situation. The Welleslev intercollegiate debate society has 
spent this pas, academic year researching and debating the worth of, he ft'"«' ''«"* iind «£™" ™»«J 
United States' food policies. On March 13 a, 7:00 P.M. in Davis U.S policy .ums at the creation flf 
Lounge, the Hunger Action Committee sponsored four varsity debaters markets for gram in the hvestock 
in an exhibition debate on U.S. food policies. The debate, a shortened 
version of intercollegiate competition debates, discussed ihe question. 
'Who controls U.S. food policy?" The affirmative resolved thai the 
power of the Presidency to determine our policies should be curtailed in 
favor of Congressional control. They then presented a plan lo ac- 
complish this. The negative maintained that Presidential control should 
remain intact. Their position was the present programs are the besl op- 
tion open lo us. and they contended that the affirmative solution could 
he disastrous. The following is an elaboration of the two conflicting 

One year ago. the Director of 
ihe U.N.'s Food and Agriculture 
Organization. Dr. A. Boerma. 
said that the world had become 
dangerously dependent on current 
harvests, and therefore on the 
weather. Cereal stocks were at Ihe 
lowest levels in twenty years. In 
recognizing this problem, the af- 
firmative team elucidated the 
complications of this situation. Of 
Ihe 91 developing countries. 61 
currently show a deficit in food 
supplies. For example. India 
alone needs 8 lo 10 million tons of 
food this year from outside 
sources or else as many us 30 
million people might starve. Ii is a 
dear Tact thai in light of this situa- 
lion starvation threatens the 
world. The picture of starvation as 
we .ill know is not pleasant, but 
we must face the fact thai for an 
estimated 700 million people 
hunger is commonplace and ihe 

short run." The hungry nations, 
therefore, need lo be dependent on 
some form of charity, and as yet it 
is nol forthcoming. 

America is capable of creating 
an alternative to global starvation. 
As the Wall Street Journal or 
November fourth reminds us: 
"When il comes lo food aid. the 
U.S. has more cereals available 
for export than the rest of the 
world combined." However, 
possibilities for a solution to food 
problems are foreclosed by 
Presidential choices. When World 
War II ended. Washington em- 
barked on an unusual and far 
reaching program to feed millions 
or hunory people overseas, most 
of whom paid little or nothing for 
Ihc basic foodstuffs they received. 
Now. with even greater numbers 
in desperate need of food. 

induslrs. Economic incentives 
have encouraged the industry to 
feed beefstock on grain and pro- 
tein feeds, rather than' on 
range-land or on forages. As a 
result, most of the grain and 
soybeans grown in the U.S. arc 
consumed bj animals, and so is an 
ever increasing amount elsewhere 
in the world. As a result of this 
laste for grain-fed meat, grain 
surpluses that once were diverted 
lo poor nations are now sold to 
rich countries to feed their 
livestock The livestock popula- 
tion or the U.S. consumes enough 
rood material to Teed 1.3 billion 

In view of this inequity, the af- 
firmative team supported a plan 
thai would divert Ihe grain going 
lo livestock for use in the less 
developed countries. As there are- 
only 700 million starving and we 
have the ability 10 feed 1.3 billion 
this is a conceivable solution lo 
the Tood problem. Cattle can be 
led on range or given protein sub- 
slitules. To date, token cIToris to 
accomplish this program have 
been attempted, but due to the un- 
derlying philosophies that direct 

/ he complexities of international development pale 
before the stark, clear fact that the people in the hungry 
hunger is commonplace and the -' bf they can develop. 

prospect of an agonizing death by nations mus t J 

starvation is a grim fact of life. ™ """ mm ~~ mmm ~ . , ,. 

They live in India. Bangladesh. Washington is qu icily winding 
Pakistan, and parts of Latin and down its so-called ™0d-l0r- 
Central America. Many live in the Peace" programs. 1 he quanuui. 
-'rough, stricken regions or r cereal allocated to the prog .." 
Africa Others live in the over- dropped to the lowest level s.nee 

Populated small countries or Asia, the start or the plan in ■*-?• r 

millions of poor who depended on 

Wc often do not realize the un- 
favorable position in which this 
places our own country: there is a 
v ery real chance lhal the poor 
"light resort lo war lo gain Tood. 
Due to food shortages, from 
droughts and lack or Kinds for 
development, the poor countries 
themselves cannot solve their food 
deficits. The price of grain has 

American food giveaways, the 
events or 1972-1973 mean more 
lhan an economic disaster-. heir 

very lives are at slake. Ex- 
ecutive distribution of food aid is 
designed more for political than 
humanitarian objectives Senator 

McGovern complains: U.S. food 
aid over the past several years has 

our food policies, the problem 
cannot be solved by patchwork 
solutions. A major change in 
policy is the most efficient and 
only workable solution. To solve 
the problem of distribution a 
board should be established to 
divert the grain lo humanitarian 
international relief organizations. 

"""ens. I He price o grain nas uiu uy*i •»- i™ ■- - .. r. in lhe 

b«n bid up far beyond the reach no. only been shrinking but -n he 

of .he less-developed countries, struggle over short suppjj 

This is rur.hcr complicated bv the political concerns haverett.vea « 

"<ing cos. or energy.. Shamsher high prion.) More than hall ol 

Singh, chief or the commodity last years P^*™.™ 

division or the World Bank shipments wen. to sue is. ate 

declares: "The poor have had South Vietnam and Cambodia 

'heir energy bill raised by $10 which arcn . «"""£ 

million las. year Their minimum hungrcsl The W«"«W 

'"■ported food bill equals .ha. un- reports that the ^«J*J"Jg;. 

obtainable sum Obviously, .heir »>, receive pne «>con de n. 

situation is untenable even in the (ion under executive con 

Opponents lo this type of 
program raise the specter of a 
Mallhusian dilemma. They 
overlook ihe fact that the poor 
wan. birth control. Robert 
McNamara. former president or 
the World Bank, explains that the 
only reason the poor have many 
children today is because life ex- 
pectancy is so low. They want to 
have children that will care for 
ihem in old age As soon as they 
are assured that one child will live, 
they stop having children. He in- 

Continued on page 7 


Although starvation has nol 
been entirely eliminated yet. the 
United Stales' Administration 
and Congress arc doing all lhal 
can reasonably he expected or 
them. Furthermore, coordinated 
international effort to relieve star- 
vation would be more desirable 
Ihuti a unilateral one. Consider 
then, the efforts the world com- 
munity is making, and the results 
or these efforts. 

World starvation is no longer a 
haunting spectre as many nations 
have pledged, and arc shipping 
— aid. Canada, for example, 
pledged a million tons of grain per 
sear for three years. Australia 
pledged 550.000 lo 600.000 tons 
per year. The U.S. increased food 
aid lo 5.5 million Ions this year. 
These are but three nations' com- 
mitments. Another form or aid 
the lower developed countries 
(LDCs) are receiving is economic 
aid. The World Bank, the UN. 
and the OPEC nations are all 
providing substantial monetary 
assistance with an eye lo in- 
creasing the aid. So. the LDCs art- 
being given money so they can 
compete in the open grain market. 
II iheir money proves insufficient. 
they gel free food. The result or 
this increasing international effort 
is a continuing minimization or 
starvation. According to the New 
York Times in early February or 
this year. India and Bangladesh 
have all hul 500,000 tons or their 
grain deficit already filled. 
Pakistan has been supplied with al 
least one million tons of lhe 1.2 
million it needed. The countries 
with the most serious need in 
November of last year have been 
completely taken care of. 

A common criticism of the Ad- 
ministration food policies is that 
they concentrate on feeding 
livestock or on shipping grain lo 
politically valuable nations. On 
closer examination, these 
arguments are untrue. Consider 
first lhat Ihe U.S. has been 
pressuring other nations — our 
traditional customers — to find 
lood elsewhere or cut back on 
Iheir foedlols. The USDA chang- 
ed the marbling requirements on 
Ihe beef so "poorer" quality meat 
could he graded higher. Volun- 
tarily Americans are reducing 
their meal consumption. The 
decline in 1973 of seven pounds 
per cupitu Treed approximately 
700,000 tons of grain. Farmers 
are moving to corn stalks to focd 
their animals because grain- 
feeding is no longer feasible. All 
these policies result in increased 
grain shipments lo the LDCs, 

Finally, consider the distribu- 
tion of grain II is most important 
to remember lhal. although food 
may he politically distributed, it 
still relieves hunger where it goes 
The need in South Vietnam ma\ 
nol be as great in terms of the 
number of people starving; hul the 
food feeds as many people in 
South Vietnam as it would have in 
India. In addition. Congress 
recently imposed restrictions on 
the distribution of food aid. Of the 
free food we ship. 70^ must go to 
countries on (he UN's most needy 
list Political distribution is being 
phased out. 

Although the world's ills have 
nol vet been loialK eliminated. 

b\ creating two effects: healthier 
mothers will produce more 
children and both healthier 

children and adults will live 
longer Thus population "ill grow 
even faster due lo an increasing 
birth rale and a decre ising death 
rale. Eventually population 
growth will outpace our limited 
food supplies, Because this plan 
has created an even larger popula- 
tion, starvation in the future will 
be worse. 

Developing countries ire un- 
likely lo begin efforts to control 
iheir population growth At the 
World Population Conference 
many such countries proclaimed 
birth control programs to be a 

Any drastic change in U.S. policy might upset the 
equilibrium of a delicate balance of increasing international 
cooperation to relieve starvation. 

ans drastic change in U.S. policy 
might upset the equilibrium of a 
delicate balance or increasing in- 
ternational cooperation to relieve 

Regardless of the need for a 
change in present U.S. food 
policy, the issue of whether or not 
the affirmative offers lhe correct 
policy change should be con- 
sidered. There are objections of 
two kinds to the adoption. of this 
specific affirmative proposal. On 
the one hand the plan may be un- 
able to achieve its goal and hence 
is oT no value On the other hand, 
the plan may bring about severe 
and overriding disadvantages 
which should bar iis adoption. 

There is one formidable block 
lo meeting the goal of actually 
feeding the world's starving 
Developing countries arc sorely 
lacking in methods for the dis- 
tribution of gram sent as aid. 
Transportation networks do not 
as' yet exist; in fact, there arc- 
regions oT Africa into which land- 
rovers must be airlifted. A major 
difficulty oT relief efforts during 
(he Sahel drought was the lack of 
a means of reaching the needy. 
The New York Times reported in 
Fcbruarv lhal ports in India had 
reached a saturation point and 
could not handle a heavier flow of 
grain. This problem is not unique 
(O our present policies it is one 
lhat new food assistance 
programs will be hard put lo over- 

A massive feeding program will 
speed the world lo the brink of 
Mallhusian disaster as population 
growth exceeds the growth in food 
supplies, Already the population 
growth rales are much higher in 
the underdeveloped nations. Food 
aid would only add to Ihe problem 

plot hj imperialist nations of the 
world In addition, mans in- 
dividuals in these countries will 
not accept birth control due to 
religious and cultural beliefs. Bui 
even if there were a desire lo 
adopi such efforts at population 
control, the LDCs lack ihc in- 
frastructure to creute .< good 
delivers system for the medical 
C ire involved II must be noted 
thai no. one of these countries has 
yet had any success in controlling 
population growth 

The effects on lhe American 
domestic scene can be considered 
just as severe. Any government in- 
tervention inlo the gram markets 
would cause food inflation \ 
large increase in demand for grain 
would lake place under (his 
proposal with no compensating 
decrease in supply Food price in- 
creases arc muinl) responsible foi 
increases in the consumer price in- 
dex In 1972, lood prices in- 
creased four times as much i> 
non-food components of lhe (.'PI 
Such inflation svould hit lhe poor 

the hardest, who are struggling i" 

maintain adequate diets. Thus 
a program lo feed the hungry 
abroad svould result in more 
hungry citizens of ihc 1 1 S 

Finally, this affirmative plan 
would result in tyranny in the 
U.S. It is widely known that 
Americans en|o\ meal, and more 
especially marbled (fatty) meal 
This is an entrenched habit which 
is nol likely to be given up easily 
The proposed solution 10 the 
world food crisis is lo lake grain 
now led lo CUttle and send il 
abroad. Mans \mertcons would 
have lo give up meal since there is 
not enough grazing land. Hence 
this plan imposes ,i new way of life 
Continued on page 7 


An Interview 


Pam Chin 

by Catherine Uslie 78 

"People jusl give (hem lo me," 
said Pam Chin wilh amusement. 
She was referring (o her collection 
nf teddy hears, in all shapes, sizes 
and materials. And Pam's 
Friendliness and good natured 
smile testify to the reasons for the 
gifts. Pam. an honors 
Astrophysics major, is the type of 
warm person for whom teddy 
hears arc a perfect .symbol. 

The words of a frumpy-looking 
hear on a wall poster, "I didn't get 
a hit of sleep all winter," are very 
appropriate to Pam this year. Her 
.170 thesis on radial velocity deter- 
minalions of spectroscopic 
binaries required her to take 105 
stellar spectra last fall and winter. 
"I stayed up until three in the 
morning when it was ten degrees 
outside lo take my spectra. I have 
bruises from falling off the 
ladders." she laughed to retract 
and then sat up intently to speak 
in earnest. "But I have more spec- 
tra for those stars than anyone has 
ever used in velocity studies." 

Pam's fascination with 
astronomy is apparent, but her 
enthusiasm is expressed in many 
areas. Next year she will be going 
lo one of five business schools she 
is considering. 

Why business school for an 
astrophysics major? "I'm not in- 
terested in traditional leaching, or 
research up in the hills. I'd like to 
»ork for a corporation or institu- 
tion such as Goddard or NASA. 
Going lo business school is a reali- 
ty thing. The job market in 
astronomy is unbelievably disap- 
pointing. After business school I 
might still go back to astronomy. 
But I can come in at a different 
■inclc this way." 

Rarely serious for loo long. 
Pain likes to talk about her im- 
pressions of the business world. 
"Il really is a stuffy sort of field. 
People have images of 
businessmen being, well, indeed 
'businesslike.' They really .ire like 
that. I think they need some new 

For Pam to be "stuffy ' is hard 
lo imagine, for she doesn't like the . 
usual limited aspect of any 
profession. "I know I'm not in- 
terested in traditional manage- 
ment, finance, systems, or bank- 
ing. I want to go into general 
science management so I can do 
almost anything." 

Pam's desire not to confine her 
numerous interests in too narrow 
a profession is merged with a true 


Continuing Education students find 

CnnUino and stndvitie don't mix 

Cooking and studying don 

Pam Chin says, "Science companies have two groups of people, 
managers and scientists, working together. Individually, they both know 
«hut they are doing. I admire that. But there is a gap between them, lid 
like to bridge that gap." 

sense of purpose for her future. 
"Science companies have Iwo 
groups of people, managers and 
scientists, working together. In- 
dividually, they both know what 
Ihcy arc doing. I admire that. Bui 
there is a gap between them I'd 
like to bridge thai gap." 

Into this goal and inio 
everything she docs. Pam brines 
determination and spirit. For Iwo 
years she has been a special 
reporter for the News', specializ- 
ing in interviews. "Il started in the 
fall of my junior year Someone 
suggested I ask Bobby Rices, who 
was in town, for .in interview. I 
jusi called, and I got one." 

Her interest in others is proved 
in her enthusiastic pursuit of 
another feature interview. "The 
interview with Sha na na before 
their concert seemed at first lo be 
impossible to do. The problem 
1 i- nol knowing who to ask 
beforehand for the OK. I called 
Ihe stage people, the promoter, 
even the record company. I finallv 
contacted the Boston distributor 
and got Ihe interview " 

Pam liked ihe croup, although 

she is not rcall) ,i nostalgia fan j ledums optimism .ihoul her own 

Actually, she "is a confirmed! and other's potential. "I've stayed 

Irekkie After watching his old in Bales for all four years 

Inovies during vacation. 

however she likes Fred Astaire. 
"No one can dance like him to- 
day Has class gone out of style." 
she asks with a sigh. "It is odd 
how people are picking up the 
past, nol jusl in clothes or music 
but in thoughts. I can understand 
why people remember, hut the\ 
lend to forget the bad." 

Was there anything she would 
like to forget about Wellesley? 
"No. I'm very glad I came here It 

by Diane Planer, '78 
Tony Norton studies art. 
history, English, and American 
history at Wcllcsley College in 
between seeing her two children 
off to school, working for 
Boston's Bicentennial program, 
and compiling historical research 
for Trinity Church in Boston. 

Margaret Motley commutes 
from Concord three days a week 
to "parlcz-francais," participate 
in a seminar on prophecy, and 
work wilh Wellesley's Christian 
Fellowship group. 

Like Norton and Motley, 93 
other women are currently pur- 
suing their B.A. degree in the con- 
tinuing education program at 
Welleslcy. 34 are post-B.A.'s. 
Affectionately dubbed "CE's." 
Ihcy bail from a variety of 
geographic areas: Pitlsfield, 
Ipswich. Jamaica Plains, Dux- 
bury. Cambridge. Walpole, and 
even Greenwich, Connecticut. 

Wellesley's "CE's" reflect the 
growing trend among adult 
women lo continue their educa- 
tion in some form, be it in earning 
a degree, prepping for a career, or 
simply studying for sheer 

Begun in 1970. the program has 
expanded quickly. In just five 
years, enrollment jumped from 26 
to the present total of 129. 
Wellesley's program is not the 
largest in Ihe Boston vicinity, but 
it is unique in that classes are held 
during Ihe day. rather than at 

More and more women, (and 
men loo), now aware of Well- 
esley's program, are submit- 
ting their applications to a sub- 
committee of Ihe Board of Admis- 
sion, in hopes of returning to 
higher education. The age limit is 
25 years and older, and the ma- 
jority of those accepted art- 
married with children. 

Last June. Ihe Alumnae' 
Association voted to designate 
continuing education students as 
Wellesley alumnae. According to 
**CE Administrative Assistant 
Rosemary Hulcheson. ihe CE's 
h\ no means receive a "watered- 
down" degree. 

Both Norton and Motley aie 
anticipating- the day when thdy 
will receive their Welleslcy 
I veryone around me has moved, diplomas, 
bin I've heen able to get lo know Norton left Welleslcy the end of 

so many people!" her sophomore year to marry. 

photo by Sasha Norkln 75 

is true when they say thai at a' 
coed school the guys run the show. 
Here girls can find (hat they can ' 
and want to participate. We will 
have ihe chance to do whatever we 
like, because thai is what we will 
be used lo. It will be challenging ," 

Any advice for u n - 
derclasswomen at Welleslcy? 
"Take Astronomy 103. II you 
don'l like it, it is because you 
don't work at it. Il is fascinating." - 
Her voice takes on a higher lilt. 
"Astronomers, the faculty, are so 
enthusiastic with the students, ' 
with what they are teaching!" 

she is modest about her success 
at Wellesle) and admits she was' 
"amazed" at being named Phi 
Beta Kappa "I'd like to know ' 
who nominated me." 

"I've never cared about 
grades." she Says -villi sincere 
seriousness. "I did well Tor myself, 
I don't care — " stressing the last 
part ol her sentence, "as long as I 
learn I am doing." 

Pam fuses a realistic view of* 
herself and Ihe future wilh an in- 

"Thcrc was an aimlessncss 
then." she recalls. "I never 
Ihouehl of a career " 

Now back again, she plans to 
complete her B.S. afler next year. 
"Experience stands for 
something." she notes. "But il can 
be an awkward situation when 
you're older than most of the 
others in the class." 

But with a 17 year old son. Nor- 
ton feels she can relate to young 

"I'm certainly not competing 
with them," she states, "It's the 
CE students who compete with 
each other, since we're more 
aware of what's wailing for us out 
there in the job market." 

Norton realized last year that 
having a B.A. degree might, for 
one. boost her salary. A pro- 
fessional for 4 years, she's com- 
bining work with academe. Now 
she longs for the "uninterrupted 
luxury of studying." 

An art history major, she is 
combining her study of American 
art with her position as archivist 
of Trinity Church. Also, she is 
writing a paper for American 
history which she might incor- 
porate into a bicentennial booklet. 
Originally, she wanted to "keep 
undercover" so students 
"wouldn't expect too much of 

Now her family can't expect 
too much either. Norton's home 
life revolves around her 
Wednesday-Friday classes. Her 
schedule seems more apt for an 
army regime. Wake up at 6:30. 
make breakfast, study, lunch, 
study, and so forth. 

On class days, she takes the 
first MIT bus oul in the morning, 
and stays out late Wednesday 
nights, which leaves her husband 
in full charge to cook dinner, el al. 
Norton reports "this is very 
good for the family, my kids think 
it's a riot." 

"Wellesley is stimulating." she 
adds. "I don't even mind making 
idiotic statements in my poetry 

"But you know. I'm horrified 
I'm actually back." she exclaims. 
Motley is equally "horrified." 
"I can still pass an exam." she 
shouted, all the while looking 
skeptical. This is fascinating to 
me. I just wish I could swing more 
than 2 courses." 

Recently. Motley felt a pressing 

need lo get her degree. Like M 
ion. she had left C0 |. 0r - 
(Radcliffe) her sophomore yean, 
marry. She enrolled here <; 
"CE's" are no. isolated r * 
younger undergraduates Sh 
welcomes this chance lo mix win! 
other students. ' In 

"I'm interested in people and 
helping people," she declare'. 

Initially. Motley reveal, '*. 
arrived full of doubts an( | j c 
securities. Her work with [he 
Wcllcsley Christian Fcllovvshir, 
has served as a foundation in 
branch out from. 

She says she has developed 
many friendships with students 
and especially enjoys .sharing 
study lips with them. Motley was 
surprised to discover she is treated 
in class just like any other 
Wellesley student. 

However, though she *Teels a 
part of Ihe community." Motley 
believes that an unstated separa- 
lion exists between herself and 
younger undergraduates. 

"After all, I have another )ife" 
she points out. 

Her other life has undergone 
many changes, though not drastic 
ones. For example. Motley p| a y 5 
tennis less, gardens less, and fishes 
less. Like Norton, and undoubted- 
ly most "CE's." Motley quickly 
learned that cooking dinner and 
typing term papers don't go hand 
in hand. Now when she babysits 
for her grandson, she brings alone 
the textbooks. 

"The question is how to focus, 
especially if you're a plugger! 
How do you girls manage?" she 

According to Motley, she's 
such a "basket case," at night all 
she wants to do is talk. She enjoys 
sharing her Wellesley experience 
with her husband, friends, and 
students here. Her Tour children 
are all away from home, but she 
keeps them posted. 

Motley's love of learning iscon- 
tugious. A Bible major, she hopes 
to pursue a career as a pastor 
counselor. But she's nol overly 
preoccupied wilh planning for the 
future. Her philosophy of educa- 
tion might be appraised as "lear- 
ning for learning's sake." 

"College is a good discipline for 
life, and it's not apart from real 
life," she states. "We can'I lose 
sight of this. Why nol take advan- 
tage of every moment we can?" 

-•• —"'"-j ivimi/iwsmg iugt oi every momem we can.' 

Simpson Infirmary purpose: to care for 
"Young l adies fatigued by overstudy" 

hv Srtnrfv l>..Hfli«. "If. t_i .--:.. i i. ,. . „ . *> 


Parents' Weekend 

Schedule of Events 
Friday, April 25 

4:00-5:30 p.m. 
4:30 p.m. 
7:30 p.m. 

Afternoon Reception. Presidcni Newell's lawn 
Agamemnon. Greek play. Hay Amphitheater, (also Sat) 
t mS ,n u d *« Wnn. A| umnae Hall ( a | so Sat. nile) 
9.00-11.00 p.m. Happy Hour featuring the Gcsan, Verein Lyra German 
Hand. Schneider Center 

9:00 a m 
9:30 a.m. 
10:00- 1 2-00 

12:00 NOON 
2:30 p.m. 
3:00 p,n 

4:00 p.m. 

i .'ii p.m. 
10:00 p.m. 


9:30 a m 
1 1:00 am 

10:00 a.m. 


130 p.m. 
2:00 p.m. 
tt:00 p.m. 

Saturday. April 26 

Tree Dedicalion 

Parent-Faculty-Sludent Discussion and Reception. 
Schneider Center 

Box-lunch Picnic. President Newell's lawn 
Kile-flying, volleyball, frisbec. lennis. golf 
Ethos-Black Faculty Open House 
Class Crew Races on Lake Waban 
Winter Term film. Coffeehouse in Schneider 
Facilities available for sailing and canoeing 
Happy Hour sponsored by the Parents' Committee, 

College Club 
Agamemnon, Greek play. Hay Amphitheater 
Arms and the Man, Alumnae Hall 
Dance. Alumnae Hall Ballroom 

Sunday. April 27 

M hre a i r r«. aV ' S ^ Une J C ' f0 " 0WCd bv a c » n ""cn,;,l 
breakfast in Schneider. Newman ( luh 

Chapel Service in Houghton Memorial Chapel 

College''" 1 AndreWSl acUn « Chaplain of Wcllcsley 

Mczcla hosts an Open House with colTee and donubj in 

sjray House 
Carillon Concert 
Mudriguls Concert under Jewell 
Chamber Music Concert. Jewell 

by Sandy Peddie '76 

"We'll have no lame ducks at 
Wellesley College. We'll feed the 
girls so well, and take such good 
care of them in every way lhat 
nobody will ever gel sick." Henry 
Durant once said. 

Despite Ihe optimism of 
Wellesley's founder, students did 
gel sick. In fact, two weeks after 
the opening of the college, a flu 
epidemic struck — a familiar 
story it Wellesley. 

T.i handle this and other health 
problems, a small area in the back 
or College Hall was set aside. 
However. Ihe din or clattering dis- 
hes and students hustling to class 
hardly seemed conducive to 
relaxation and recovery. 

So. in IXKI Simpson Cottage 
was built. Il was lo be "a home for 
young ladies who may be fatigued 
by overstudy and require more 
rest than they can obtain in other 
buildings." Simpson Cottage 
icrved Wellesley College's needs 
until 1942. when a 29-bed hospital 
and clinic were added 

Today, lhat complex, which is 
called Simpson Infirmary, lias .in 
additional 17-bed "penthouse" to 
handle overflow or epidemics. A 
while-walled, carpeted waiting- 
room, with sort music emanating 
from an Hitachi siereo, greets 
Ihose "young ladies who may be 
fatigued In oversludy." 

The infirmary stuff consists of 
four physicians, two of whom are 
part-time: three part-time psy- 
chiutrists: and one part-time 

Hospital handle much of the 
necessary x-ray and lab work. 

Dr. Thomas Keighley, Director 
of Medical Services, joined Simp- 
son s staff seven years ago. He 
enjoys his work. Smiling broadly 
and settling comfortably into his 
chair, he explained why. 

"The choice or coming here was 
a frightening one because finan- 
cially it was not a good decision, 
and al lhat lime people tended to 
mistrust doctors in infirmaries 
But the burden or general practice 
was so great lhat I had to escape." 

He finds college students "a 
delight" lo lake care of" because 
"ihcy are healthy, get better 
quicker, and have no facade." 

In his opinion, students use 
college health services much more 
readily than they did five to ten 
years ago. Jumping up abruptly 
from his chair to dig for figures 
lhal might be helpful to ihe inter- 
viewer, he added. "Mosl girls saw 
Ihe doclor at the end of their 
mother's hand until thev came lo 
college. That has changed." 

The infirmary receives 11,000 
lo l-.OOOoul-palient visits a year. 
Two to Ihree in-patients are ad- 
mitted daily, muking ihe total 
number or in-patient days reach 
nearly 1.600. In spite or the fact 
that few students remained on 
campus during January. Simp- 
son \ busiest month. Ihe total 
number or visits has risen this 

Dr. Keighley attributed part of 
this increased willingness to use 
the college health service to the 

vices. Dr. Keighley feels, is the 
greater pressure resulting from 
greater goal-orientation. He has 
observed some differences in the 
types of students who utilize 
Simpson, noting that science ma- 
jors tend to come in less often. 

Emergency psychiatric care is 
available at all times, and con- 
fidentiality is guaranteed. "The 
art of medicine is head-to-head. 
We do a lol or counseling on our 
own as physicians." Dr. Keighley 
said. .• 

Since no student health fee is 
charged, the annual operating 
deficit is made up from general 

t^n g nno fU . nds ' A PP r °*irnately 
SI 20.000 is budgeted for in- 
patient care and SI 80,000 for out- 
patient care. 

Charges arc made to the stu- 
dent for services which are usually 
covered by insurance. Over 90% 

of healJh " l b ° dy HaS S ° mC f ° rm 
_, urance. --■-■, u seminar on mnn""" 

' he cost to the college or main- Studies, for example, has been 

^ming a room is $89.00 per day created and is now a requirement 

i ne^student !s_charaed $60.00 for for all American Studies majors. 

the room on the first day and 
S 10.00 each day thereafter. Again, 
in most cases', insurance covers 
this cosl. 

Each doctor is covered by his or 
her own malpractice insurance. 
According to Joseph Kiebala. 
Vice President or Business Af- 
fairs, there has been "an intensity 
of legal action all over the country 
with respect to medical services." 
The number or malpractice suits 
and awards have increased, but 
'here has never been a malpractice 
suil against Simpson, to Mr. 
Kiebala's knowledge. 

Simpson is subject to annual 
review by the state and biennial 
review from Blue Cross and Blue 

American Studies 

Continued from page I 
335. a seminar on American 

, .. • - ■••- wu.,^cv neon service lo ihp 

gynecologist. All three p sy - "consciousness of contraceptfon" - 
A n i i n :;. h;i I C . , M , :::u Pn,C, r s - Ma . ny visi,s inv «' v ' information J 

A doctor is on call 24 hours a day, 
and a registered nurse is on duty 
24 hours a day. 

Referrals are made to 
physicians or hospitals in Ihe local 
area or in Boston, ir necessary. 
Leonard Morris Hospital in 

and requests for contraceptives, 
although no exact figures are 
available. Tranquilizers arc dis- 
pensed with some frequency, 
although again, no exact figures 
are available. 
Another reason for the 

H "' and hav * no facade » n k„,„ h„ ci. Nnrkin 7S 


Click: Photography Redux 

Robert Frank 

by Ann Hcdrcen '78 

From the moment one entered 
the overflowing auditorium, it was 
obvious that Robert Frank's 
presentation, fourth in the series 
on Photography within the 
Humanities, would not be a 
typically quiet, scholarly. 
Wellesley College lecture. And 
typical it certainly was not — 
from his revealing Film of the 
Rolling Stones through the can- 
did, sometimes uncouth assertions 
of his non-lecture. 

The evening began, after 
several minutes of technical delay, 
with the last reel of Frank's film 
of the Rolling Stones, which ap- 
parently has never been publicly 
released. It seemed like a home 
movie, completely unstaged, or 
perhaps a newsreel, a graphic "ex- 
pose" of rock stars behind-the- 
scenes: the Stones, shooting up. 
the Stones, ordering room service, 
the Stones, fighting the crowds, 
he Stones, in concert. The movie 
made them seem like cheap, 
shallow idols, not artists, which is 
perhaps why they objected to its 
being released. 

After the film, Frank casually 
mounted the podium and began 
his "lecture" by announcing that 
he had no notes, didn't like giving 
lectures anyway but did it for the 
money, and dfd we have any 
questions? The lively, mostly 
college-age audience, packed into 
every available inch of Jewett 
Auditorium, responded with a 
variety of questions that indicated 
opinions of Robert Frank ranging 
from disgust to sincere admira- 
tion. Throughout the evening, a 
thin stream of offended audience 
members trickled out of the 
auditorium, though it remained 

nearly foil until the program's 

A sampling of Frank's com- 
ments about himself and his work: 

"I absolutely won't tell you 
what I want to do. Why should 

"Maybe I'm lucky, or just stub- 
born, but I've always had things 
my own way." 

"When I make films, I am in 
the middle of what is going on. I 
try to be consumed." 

"An artist must be enraged ... 
(later) As you get older, you 
aren't that furious anymore." 

A few remarks about working 
with the Stones: 

"Never again will I have 
anything to do with people who 
have so much power." 

"Jagger was always in control, 
at every moment." 

"Jagger liked me because I 
didn't care about rock and roll." 

Robert Frank was mainly a still 
photographer earlier in his career, 
but has now turned to filmmaking 
and rejected still photography 
altogether. A few members of the 
audience frankly remarked that 
they thought his still photography 
superior, that his films lacked a 
"close relationship to his craft." 
Frank, however, seemed oblivious" 
to criticism, repeatedly admitting 
to the audience that he didn't care 
what people thought of his art, he 
must have it his own way. 

The crowded auditorium, the 
rude and occasionally informative 
comments, and the pointed 
audience questions, all added up 
to an interesting, though atypical, 
"lecture" — as one audience 
member aptly remarked to the 
person silting next to him, "This 
is like a surrealistic dream." 

Photo essayist, W. Eugene Smith. 

photo by Sasha Norkin *75 









Shaw's Comedy "ARMS 
AND THE MAN" will be the 
Sophomore Parents' Weekend 
production of the Wellesley 
College Theatre, presented on 
Friday and Sunday April 25 & 
27 ut 8:00. and Saturday. April 
26. at 7:30 in Alumnae Hall. 

Lunchtime Theatre will pre- 
sent Chckov's "The Swan 
Sonc" April 29 & 30 from 
.2:40 to 1:20 in the Schneider 
Center Coffeehouse. 

JOBS in 

For Summer or School Year 

No* J?0 p.Q- macpin 0"«w to Vi , m.,or 
WAlh. DC public mitral i'oupj » ,ncl ' 
mtcrruMp programs Also live *««»"* 
MIOVMIW leeiel P'«H«" """"""' * 
evolutionary nc* io-n Pl«" in rt.rO a « 
Jupmcnl SrndJI 
SUEZ* SI, PNU. P«. ">">' A,ln B " 

ChOK,. I?HI »' »* 



^■6:30 P.M 



The Troadway 




"passport photos taken here ' 


Frederick Wiseman 

by Betsy Sherman "78 

Frederick Wiseman spoke at 
Jewell Auditorium on April 15. 
Wiseman, a lawyer turned film- 
maker, has. with eight films, in- 
cluding "Titicut Follies." 
"Hospital," "High School," and 
most recently "Primates." 
brought a uniquely human touch 
to the field of documentary film- 
making. With this same warmth 
and spontaneity, he talked aboul 
his work. 

Wiseman was uneasy about be- 
ing labelled a maker of "objective 
documentaries." Objectivity, I he 
contended is impossible, defining 
his purpose as an attempt to show 
"one person's version of reality." 

Over the past eight years. 
Wiseman has been doing what he 
"loosley defines as an institutional 
scries." that is, taking institutions 
which have been defined as 
"good" by society, such as 
Bridgewatcr Institution for the 
Criminally Insane, a middle-class 
Philadelphia high school, anti Ihe 
Kansas City police force, and ex- 
ploring their power structures 
through filming their day-to-da\ 
existence. "The theme that unifies 
the films." he explained, "is the 
individual's relation to 

Wiseman described the process 
he goes through making one of his 
institutional documentaries. 

After he gels permission from 
the various bureaucrats to shool 
Ihe film, he spends a few days'al 
the institution to "get a sense of 
the place." He does no factual 
research beforehand, using the 
period of shooting, usually a 
month, as an educational ex- 

The time spent filming 
(shooting in 16mm, with hand- 
held equipment) is a small frac- 
tion of the time Wiseman spends 
just serving the everyday 
machinations of the institution. 

It is the editing, a process which 
takes from four months to one 
year and reduces the fifty hours of 
film shot to an 80-90 minute final 
print, where the film really begins 
to emerge. Though the action 
filmed is all real, not staged, the 
structuring of a documentary is 
very much like that of a fiction 
film, certain "characters" emerg- 
ing and dramatic patterns for- 

Since there is no voice-over 
narration in. his films. Wiseman's 
poinl of view is "stated struc- 
turally," through Ihe choice and 
juxtaposition of scenes. 

When asked if he regards his 
films as a medium for social 
change, he replied no. citing the 
minimal impact his film expose, 
"Tilicut Follies" had on changing 
conditions at Bridgewatcr. Now 
he sees his films as documents of 
an experience, hopefully to be 
used as references for (hose who 
want to effect social change. 

Commenting on the film scene 
today, Wiseman had reservations 
about the film school boom, and 
ihe growing number of students 
who have mastered the technique 
of filmmaking only to show Ihey 
essentially have nothing lo say. 
Financially. "Ihe independent 
filmmaker is constantly being 
cheated by distributors." 

But basically he was optimistic 
because, as he said there is money 
available from such funds as the 
National Endowments for the 
Arts and Humanities. 

Susan Sontag 

b\ Cynthia Feign "78 


Susan Sontag made it clear at 
the beginning of her presentation 
that she is not a photographer or a 
critic of photography. Sontag 
defined herself as a writer and 
film maker. However, Sontag has, 
written four essays, published in 
the New York Review of Books, 
that deal with the problems raised 
by photography. 

According lo Sontag. the 
well-known debate over whether 
photography is an art form or nol 
is somewhat phoney because. 
"Photography is one of the 
humanities ... it is very widely 
accepted as an art form. There is 
a problem about photography ... 
it isn't an art like painting . 
Photography is not so much an art 
as a media-art which reproduces 
olher forms of art. We know most 
works of art through reproduc- 
tions ... Photography takes ihe 
whole world as a subject, it 
canabalizes all art forms." 

Sontag also pointed out the 
difference between the art of 
writing and photography. To a 
photographer Ihe world is a series 







of events to be photographed, 
there is an unlimited amount of 
photographs lo lake: there is nol 
an unlimited amount of things for 
a writer to write about. 

She went on lo discuss the use 
of photography in America. She 
believes ihe camera has become 
pari of our sensibility. Americans 
take pictures of important, 
worthwhile and valuable events. 
"To lake a picture is lo say among 
olher things that this is worth 
photographing." Sontag does not 
lake pictures because she says she. 
"sees photographically." 

In her discussion of image ver- 
sus reality Sonlag pointed out that 
ihe understanding of a new kind 
of balance between image and 
reality started being voiced at the 
same time the camera was 
developed. Sontag asserted that 
the photographed image his 
achieved a kind ofascendancy. us- 
ing as an example the impact of 
still photographs of Vietnamese 
war victims as opposed lo film 
clips of Ihe same subject. 

Sontag believes that ihe 
problems raised by photography 
are moral and aesthetic issues. "If 
photography has a place in the 
humanities, it might well have a 
central place because it is not only 
an art but a place where all kinds 
of sociological and moral issues 
can be raised." 




6b 0A1 A0VANM 


US G0VI APdlOVIO I r C o N nMY fARf | 


01 ."» ■''" uni Iras-f I chatters 

-CAILTOUFHK I 800 325 4867 • 


land 11 


9 Crest Roed. Wellesley 



280 Worcester Rd.. (Rt 91 Freminghem 

Open 10-5:30 Daily, Fri. 10-9 237-3020 





Wellesley Hilli. 

.JJ5 00J" 



$1.50 FRI. & SAT. EVE 

7 8. 9:16 



num. ROBERT 


TMfMlNG « 

Documentary filmmaker. Frederick Wiseman. 

photo by Sasha Norkin '75 

John Szarkowski 

by Mary Slabey '78 

John Szarkowski. curator of 
photography Qt the Museum of 
Modern Arl, spoke to a large and 
attentive audience in Jewell 
Auditorium on Wednesday. April 
16. He is ihe author of several 
books, including Looking at 
Photographs and From the Pic- 
ture Press During his prcsenla- 
lion. Szarkowski showed slides of 
photographs by Aigct and Bill 
Dane, as well as news 

His introductory remarks were 
intent on defining whal 
photography is Comparing 
photography lo pa mini!.'. 
Szarkowski staled I hat 
"photography has changed our 
understanding of the pictorial sub- 
ject.'.' Subject lurns out lo be i he 
m os i important facei ol 
photography as evidenced by 
S/arkow ski's definition. 

"Photography i> a system of 
picture making in which subject 
and furiii are identical and in- 
distinguishable, ..The subject and 
picture are beyond argjuncnl ihe 
same thine." Following from ilus 
definition, Szarkowski said. "The 
function of a photographer is to 
decide what his subject is." 

In deciding on a subject, the 
photographer must make gross 
choices about where he Will work 
and whal he will photograph, and 
subtler choices about what lights 
to use. as well as similar con- 

Szarkowski was asked whether 
photography is art, and answered. 
"That is nol ihe most useful or in- 
tcresting question, but yes. of 
course il is 

Moving inio the slide presenta- 
tion, Szarkowski said thai one 
could "define whal subject is by 
what it is noi . news photography 
is nol news " He leels that news 
photographs are ambiguous cap- 
lions are needed to identity the 
situation \n interesting experi- 
ment, he fell, would be to publish 
new- photographs one year alter 
their originul publication with 
different captions "Nol many 
people would nonce " 

After the news photographs. 
Szarkowski -bowed slides of pic- 
tures i iken by KtgCl Included in 
this group was a series ol pictures 
Ol the same tree laken ill different 
nines thawing (he dillcreiut in 

tuhjccl. Finally Szarkowski 

presented some slides ol postcards 
m a d e b > a n A m erica n 
photographer Hill Dane. 

W. Eugene Smith 

bv F.milv Voffe '77 

W. Eugene Smith, who spoke al 

ihe photography symposium 

April 18, is the pioneer and 
foremost practitioner of the "pic- 
lure story 

Much of the work he did al Life 
muga/ine have become classics 
Ihe Spanish Civil War documenta- 
tion, the life of a midwife, and 
that of a country doctor He is 
also responsible for taking in 1955 
a photograph of his son and 
daughter walking into a halo like- 
opening in ihe woods. "I've had 
15.000 requests for photo, 
he said, "and nol a week goes b\ 
in which I don't gel 3 or 4 letters 
asking for il." 

His most recent issignmcnt 
which has resulted in a book, sent 
him lo a town in Japan. 
Minamata, where he documented 
ihe e (Tec is of mercury poisoning 
on the citizens. If there is any 
question as to whether or not 
photography is an an. these sear 
ing jnd profoundly moving 
photographs settle the dispute 

\\ hile in Japan the firm respon- 
sible for ihe poisoning sent out 
some goons to gel Smith. "Their 
final action " he rec died at an 
itflcrnoon seminar, "was lo lifi me 
In the feet and pound my head 
inio the pavement." He spent a 
year alter ihe attack in ex- 
crucialing pain and nearly blind. 

\\ hen someone remarked on 
his braver} al slaying lo complete 
the assignment he remarked, "I 
don't feci all llial dedicated. I 
hope in sonic way my injury 
helped the patients, hul I don't 
like to gel hurl. I assure sou 

Smith feels lhal the pholo essay 
is related more to a stage play 
than a movie. "There is a similar 
limitation on movement and 
words Drama plays a great role 
m mj photography." He has u 
collection of over 25.000 record 
albums ol all kinds and credits his 
lose ol musk wilb pari of his 
success as a pholographer, "Music 

is ihe secrel lo my being able to 
Staj m ihe darkroom all these 
years," he revealed with a smile 


Bingtstate ji.-el 


$17 00 
S 900 

Send check or money order lo 
25 Central Sirffl 
Wellesley, Maiwchuscit* 02181 
(Mass residents add 3% «ale» taxi 

Free brochure available on requesi 

Available Stonoi 

Golden Tigereye, Blue Lace Agate 

• blue). Sod i blue! 

L irnel !..>. angel 

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Town Line 


ROUTE 135 

OPEN «) A.M. to 10 P.M. 653-2060 


(Editor's note: Wellesley News asked Stanford 
Calderwood, Visiting Professor of Economics, to review the 
college's financial situation much the way he might ex- 
amine a corporation, and that corporation's position in its 
own industry group. His report follows.) 

from Stanford Calderwood 

A financial analyst 

looks at Wellesley 

by Stanford Calderwood 

The squeeze is on everyplace for 
our academic and cultural in- 

Al Wellesley College, the total 
cost for tuition plus board and 
room next year will be $5,100, up 
S500 or 10.8% from this year. This 
will bring the increase in the last 
12 years from S2800 to S5I00. a 
jump of 82%. 

"The findings 
certainly don't erase 
the pressures, but 
they just might 
temper them." 

And Wellesley obviously isn't 
alone. Around the country the 
average increase seen for next 
year will run fairly close |o 10%. 
New York University, typically, 
is raising tuition next fall from 
S3.000 to $3,300. Smith College 
will move up 10.7%, Harvard up 
10.8% and Vassar up 8.5%. 

Some colleges have to play 
catch up. Four years ago Tulane 
guaranteed (hat tuition wouldn't 
rise more than $100 a year. That 
promise ends next Fall when the 

increase will be $400. or 15.3%. 
Other schools are finding that 
price elasticity does work. Du- 
quesne University raised tuition 
last year and enrollment dropped 

"We don't feel we can do it 
ugain and draw students." the 
college reports. And that's a good 
point. In the past five years, ac- 
cording to Forbes Magazine, 
more than 150 private colleges 
went out of business. They lacked, 
cither the endowment, the prestige 
or both to compete against sub- 
sidized competition from public 

Other schools are taking some 
distasteful actions to stay alive. 

At the University of Wisconsin. 
88 tenured faculty were dropped, 
100 at New York University, and 
104 at Southern Illinois Universi- 
ty. Faculty cuts will continue. 
President Donald F. Honig of 
Brown University has announced 
plans to cut faculty 16.6% over the 
next few years. • 

From Jackson. Tcnn.. The Wall 
Street Journal recently reported: 

"For generations. Lambuth 
College here has existed amid 
broad lawns and sprawling trees, 
offering its students Shakespeare 
and Milton and lots of tradition. 

"And now it offers Holiday 

The Journal story went on to 
report how the Methodist college 
and motel chain (earned up to 
(each Lambulh students a trade 

— namely how to run a hotel, 
motel or a restaurant. In 
classrooms once reserved for 
poetry or Medieval history. Holi- 
day executives arc discussing such 
subjects as (he rising cost of sheets 
and the growing problem of 

Lambulh's grubby solution to 
its deficit problem is a long, sad 
step from Woodrow Wilson's 
view "thai whul we should seek to 
impart in our colleges is not so 
much learning itself as the spirit 
of learning." 

Fortunately, Wellesley College 
does not appear to be in the same 
desperate economic bind that 
drove Lambuth to substitute sim- 

ple training programs for genuine 
higher education. The acceptance 
on any campus of routine cor- 
porate cram courses that properly 
should be handled on-the-job is a 
serious blow to quality. 

And while Wellesley's situation 
can hardly be called desperate, 
most everyone connected with the 
college is feeling the pressure. 

The student feels the pressure. 
Will what her family contribute, 
plus what she can earn this 
summer, plus possibly another 
bank loan or some student aid, 
add up to cover the increase? And 
even if it can, is it worth it? Should 
she transfer to a less expensive 
public institution — Northeastern 

or the University of 

The faculty feel the pressure. 
Despite increases that have been 
possible, is real income shaping? 
Will workloads be increased and 
quality suffer? How safe is tenure? 
Can they afford the education ol 
their own children? 

President Barbara Newell Teels 
the pressure. She is really caught 
in the middle. Each of her too 
many constituencies - faculty, 
students, administrative starr, 
nonacademic employees, alumni, 
parents and trustees — all view 
the economic crunch differently. 
Ohio University's former presi- 
dent Claude Sowle. who feels be- 

ing a university president .< ,», 
most difficult job in , hc ^ < 
once said of his own const!,,, ' 
cies: "Sometimes you i ' Ucn " 
they're all behind you, buT? 
you lorfk around, and nobody 
there. ' s 

Caught in the direct fi re of 
these pressures, it j s c °' 
overlook or ignore just how f 0r 
tunate Wellesley is in the coni„, 
or the total problem across the na 
tion. Using the techniques of a 
security analyst and working wjih 
the published numbers, we w 0U |H 
bet heavily on Wellesley College 
The findings certainly don't erase 
the pressures, but they just might 
temper them. 

Ten National Four-Year Colleges -- Some Comparisons 

Col] cite 



Enrol lnent 


to openings 















& Fees 

S3, 472 




to Faculty 



U of Chicago 



$ 86.0 








Wcelcyon U 



$ 15.8 
$ 18.7 


$ 73.9 









$ 15.5 
$ 13.3 


$ 60.0 





Swai trtBore 




$ 12.7 
$ 9.0 


$ 59.0 
$ 52.2 





'Tuition and fees plus average room 
"Market value June 1973. All have 

and board, 
been cut In 

■lie by the 

1973-74 Bear Market. 

Source: Forbea 

Magazine September IS, 1974 


Wellesley — "a pretty good deal in private higher education" 

The most serious problems 
colleges and universities face to- 
day stem from two major causes: 
first, the slowing and foreseeable 
reversal of the rapid growth rale 
in enrollment that marked the last 
two decades: and second, infla- 

Happily. Wellesley College 
appears lo be well positioned to 
handle the shrinking supply of 
students — a problem lhat 
already has hit a lot o. r schools 
hard, and is sure to close many 
more in the years ahead. 

Between 1952 and 1962. the 
number of college students doubl- 
ed, then more lhan doubled again 
between 1962 and 1972. These in- 
creases, which made higher lear- 
ning one of the great growth in- 
dustries, resulted from a larger 
and larger percentage of each high 
school graduating class going on 
lo college, plus the ever increasing 
population, fired especially by the 
baby boom of the I950's. 

To meet this demand, greatly 
increased facilities were rushed 
into being, faculty trained and 
money raised. Today there are 

closing about 526 schools the size 
of Princeton with its 5.694 

What makes a shrinking supply 
of students so serious is that 
education, with most of its costs 
being fixed, is a highly leveraged 
business Even a small drop from 
a break-even point can be ex- 
tremely damaging. 

Imagine lhat next Fall 
Wellesley should miss its enroll- 
ment target by only 5% — about 
100 students. If the missing 
students were all in the category 
that pays full tuition and fee. the 
loss from the budget would he 
$510,000. About The only im- 
mediate saving lhat could be 
realized would be the cost of food. 

Wellesley. ui least for the next 
few years, appears lo have several 
very important advantages in this 
shrinking supply situation. 
Wellesley didn't expand greatly, 
and it certainly didn't ovcrexpand. 
during the last two decades when 
the nation's educational plant 
capacity generally has tripled. 
Wellesley still has one of the 
highest ratios of applications lo 

"And while it seems likely that Wellesley can 
compete and escape the fate of being turned into a 
retirement village, the pressures of inflation cannot 
be ignored." 

half the total. Whatever benefits 
the undergraduate student realiz- 
ed in this situation when the 
money was free and easy in- 
herently works against him sharp- 
ly when the squeeze is on. At 
Wellesley. by contrast, virtually 
^~ ^^^^"""T™^^^^^^^^™™^^^^^^ - ^^^^^^^"^^ every income dollar and every cx- Research: ..,,,,,1 al S65.970 per student, pense dollar is directly related to 

I. (the higher educational Thai's more than twice the , he undercraduate. Efficiency is 
ysteni) is an overbuilt plant for Williams per student figure of much easier lo achieve for the un- 

531.562 or the- Vassar figure of dergraduate. 
530.817, Of the 30 private in- Tnc advantage of the large con- 
stitutions in the Forhes review. 

"The basic price to each student has not risen as fast as 
the operating cost because the endowment and the current 
gifts are carrying a larger percentage share each year." 

more lhan 9.3 million students in 
nearly 3.000 institutions with 
spending over $32 billion. 

Now the wave is cresting. First. 
I here is less pressure for everyone 
lo go lo college, and there is less 
interest among many young peo- 
ple. Only 43% of Ihc nation's 18- 
and 19-year-olds were in college in 
1973 vs. 50% as recently as 1969. 
Added lo this is the inescapable 
fact that Ihe absolute number of 
hirlhs in the U.S. is down aboul 
25% from the numbers of the late 

Fortune magazine estimates in 
the Fall of 1974 lhat there were 
'perhaps 150.000 college vacancies 
unfilled. Forhes estimates . that 
from close lo 100% of capacity, 
"our educational plant is probably 
running al only 94% of capacity." 
Because the freshman class of 
1990 already has been born and 
counted. Ihe experts feel ihc drop 
in enrollment from today's level 
will be between 2.5 and 3 million. 

These raw numbers take on 
more meaning if translated the 
way President John R. Silber of 
Bosion Universily did recently in 
an Atlantic article. The 150.000 
students missing last Fall is the 
equivalent of closing 73 colleges 
Ihc size of Wellesley. Three 
million fewer students in the 
I990's would be equivalent lo 

openings in the country. And most 
important. Welleslcy's reputation 
for quality will make it extremely 
competitive for whatever supply 
of sludents rs available. 

Lust September Forbes showed 
a table of 30 of the best known 
private institutions for high 
education Wellesley's 

applications-lo-openings ratio of 
5:1 was exceeded by only seven 
schools — Williams, Amherst, 
Princeton. Yale. Swathmorc. 
Columbia and Wesleyan. Ranked 
with Wellesley were Harvard. 
Oberlin and Haverford. 

The 23 schools with lower 
ratios lhan Wellesley included 
MIT. University of Chicago. 
Vassar. Rice, Kcnyon and Reed. 
Some even hud ratios of less than 
2:1. including Norlhcastcrn, 
Brigham Young, University of 
Southern California and the 
Universily of Miami. 

If Wellesley can hold its posi- 
tion in the top quartile of 
desirability as measured by the 
applications lo openings ratio, it 
should be able to escape those dis- 
ruptive pressures that the shrink- 
ing supply of sludents will bring. 
Wellesley shouldn't worry, at 
least for now, aboul the future as 
seen by one sharp-tongucd critic, 
John Everett, president of New 
York City's New School For 

however lar you can see into the 
future. And I say you oughl 10 
slari now to lurn some of these 
country institutions into old folks' 
homes — total dormitory-type, 
retirement villages 

And while it seems likely 
Wellesley can compete and escape 
the fate of being turned into a 
retirement village. Ihe pressures ol 
inflation cannol be ignored. But 
here again when compared to 
other private colleges and univer- 
sities. Wellesley is much belter 
positioned lhan most lo live with 
ibis problem. 

When vou think ol inllalion. n 
might be well to recall the writer. 
I merson may be. who sujd 
"Events .ire in the saddle riding 
mankind." How else could ex- 
plain (he oil embargo and tripling 
of prices, the Russian wheal deal. 
Ihc bad crop \ear. the had 
anchovy year, a government 
paralyzed b) the Watergate scan- 
dul. all ihc major economies of the 
world suddenly moving in unison 
lor the first lime and endless oilier 
imputs all coming in a short 36- 
month period. 

Whatever picketing Brown 
University sludents may think. 
Brown authorities, along with all 
Other universily administrations, 
are pure victims of inllalion. They 
have no control over it. Aboul all 
they can do is weigh their par- 
ticular situation in the face of ris- 
ing costs and make the besl 
judgments possible. 

In Wellesley's case, as they 
meel ihe ravages of Ihe worsl in- 
flation in 30 years, the college ad- 
ministrators can find some com- 
fori in the fuel the) are in better 
shape lhan most other colleges 
This may not be easy in Ihe con- 
le\l of the static raised In in- 
dividual groups within the 
Wellesley community who may be 
generous enough la recognize the 
pervasiveness of inflation, hut still 
persisl in their parochial view (hat 
the sacrifices clearly needed 
should be made "not by us, bul hy 

Whal are Wellesley's advan- 

I. Wellesley College's endow- 
ment on a per-student basis is one 
of Ihe highest in ihe country. In 
June 1973 B point where com- 
parative figures are available, it 

pnly Princeton, with a per student 
figure ol 593.554 and Harvard 
wiih a sum of $74,962. were in 
heller shape. With the endowment 
carrying such a large percentage 
share of Ihe total, it can only ease 
inflation's blow lo the individual 
student and make the faculty that 
much more secure. 

2. Unlike so many professional 
managed funds. Wellesley's en- 
dowment has come through the 
worst Bear Market since" 1938 
with portfolio performance com- 
fort ably above the median. For 
the two years ended June 30, 
l l »74. the lime-weighted return on 
the Wellesley portfolio yvas - 
17.3%. This is much better than 
the Common Fund's performance 
ol -29.891 for the same period, or 
the performance of the College 
Retirement Equities Fund of - 
10 6 The Common Fund 
manages endowments for about 
256 institutions. CREF is the fund 
where most Wellesley faculty. 

Irihution made each year by in- 
come from the endowment, plus 
Wellesley's ability to raise gift 
money each year for current ex- 
penses, is reflected in the fact thai 
students who pay full tuition plus 
board and room are paying only 
aboul 53% of Ihe actual cost. 

At Wellesley, where aboul 35% 
of Ihe students gel financial help, 
this means one in three sludents 
probably is paying less than half 
the actual cost of the education 
she is offered. 

This is nol the type of bargain 
found in the commercial world. 
Even with their desperation 
rebates in February to move in- 
ventories, ihe automobile com- 
panies were not selling cars at 53% 
or their out-of-pocket cost to 
manufacture the product. 

In Ihe 10 years ending this June, 
tuition/board & room increases 
have almost exactly matched the 
changes in ihe GNP deflator. In 
Ihc early years of the decade just 

M -rr ... .b.u, 3 .ooo SC J** :",** 5M*g 

have such competent portfolio comhiS ,,?• ■ P i u an , d ,hc 
manaccrs combined tuition plus board and 

•, , „ r r00m "P M% - 

3. Wellesley college focuses on The op erating cos. per student 

"In Wellesley's case, as they meet the ravages of the worst 
inflation in 30 years, the college administrators can find 
some comfort in the fact that they are in better shape than 
most other colleges." 

undergraduates and has a budget for this same 10-vear period w •« 

thai is virtually free of all the up 78%. This greater ncr 

complications of government and reflects the fact that the vcrv com 

other research contracts, not lo poncnts lhat dominate the 

mention Ihe complications thai College's hudget - services fonrl 

expensive graduate schools bring energy _ have all risen much 

10 any budget. For example, com- faster lhan ihc CPI over the In*. 

pare MIT and Wellesley a, the few years. Also, we ^ 

ii '^'"'^gel was $221.2 Again, .he reason the bas 

million or S28.042 per student. At price to each student has not ,!«« 

Wellesley lha, year. ,he budge, i fas. as .he opela ^"co S i 

was 515 5 milbon or $7,896 per because .he endowment and the 

mit'' . u- r- turrcnl .? ifl ^are carrying a larccr 

MIT. much h.gher f.gure percentage share each year | n 

.dices no. only a great many 1966. the basic combined price 

govemmen and other research represented 59.2% of Z l 2 

contracts, hut a graduate school while .his year ,1 represents onlv 

population lhat makes up nearly 54.3%. This is a trend found in 

very few colleges. 

Whether next year's increase of 
10.7% for the combined cost will 
lead or trail inflation remains to 
he seen. 

Space doesn't permit a review 
here of the many other ratios we 
ran to test Welleslcy's financial ef- 
ficiency in the context of the resl 
of the academic world. Let us 
summarize by saying we found no 
signals nor trends thai worried us. 
In general, the findings reporled 
here, plus the others we studied, 
convinced us that a Wellesley stu- 
dent would be hard pressed lo find 
a belter deal within the private 
seclor of higher education. 

Obviously, if a student is willing 
lo risk a lower quality education, 
risk less prestige on the job 
market, there are a many good 
public institutions where the stu- 
dent pays much less. This is nol 
necessarily because the ad- 
ministrations of public colleges 
and universities are more efficient 
— il is simply lh3t the taxpayers 
arc carrying a larger share of the 

This problem of cost efficien- 
cies in the public institutions vs. 
the independent ones is examined 
in detail by President John Silber 
of Bosion University in his article 
in the May issue of Atlantic 
Monthly. Silber's extreme exam- 
ple is citing Massachusetts for 
spending $43,160 per year lo 
educate a medical student al the 
University of Massachusetts — a 
figure that is four limes Ihe cost in 
any of the state's three private 
medical schools 

Cost aside, the fact remains 
that students pay half or less to at- 
tend Ihe big public institutions. 
Weighing ihe value of Wellesley's 
enrollment of about 2.000 vs Penn 
Slate's 65.000. or Wellesley's 1 1 
lo I s.udcnt to faculty ratio versus 
Wisconsin's 20 to I is not our task 
in this article. 

Hopefully, .he drop in ihc infla- 
tion rule we have seen the past fe« 
months will continue and inflation 
will return to a historically 
reasonable rale. If inflation is 
reduced from being a major 
problem lo its old status of a mild, 
continuing problem. I hen 
Welleslcy's outlook should im- 
prove. The major problem of B 
shrinking student supply is not 8°" 
ing lo go away, and in that situa* 
lion Wellesley now appears W 
stand a very good chance "I 



Budget without food 

hv B ahette Pcttersen '78 
— Ylic main issue discussed in 
Senate on April 21 was the 
budget. A disagreement occurred 
when Susan Challenger. Bursar, 
announced that SOFC wanted (he 
request for food money for the 
Snorts Association to be recon- 
sidered. Challenger slated that 
•ihc purpose of financial legisla- 
tion is to maximize the S50 stu- 
dent activity fee." Even by raising 
the fee. SOFC would only be able 
10 operate the finances on last 
year's budget. 

Last year. S23.000 was 
available for SOFC to work with 
This year, the amount has been 
reduced to SI 1.000. necessitating 
i 5% cut in financing campus 
organizations. Because of this. 
SOFC decided that unless an 
organization could "not survive" 
without food, they would not be 
granted money for it. Said 
Challenger: "we cannot afford 
luxuries any more." 

The Sports Association issue 
was voted on. and their request 
was approved. 


The Center for Research on 
Women at Wellesley College 
has announced a very small 
er.mts program for persons do- 
ing research on women. Ten to 
twenty grants in the S500 to 
SI00O range are available to 
researchers with no in- 
slitutional affiliation that 
provides access to research fun- 


ding. Grants may be used for 
travel, manuscript typing, 
translation, coding, etc. They 
are not for salary support. Per- 
sons interested should write for 
applications to the Center for 
Research on Women, Cheever 
House. Wellesley College. 828 
Washington Street. Wellesley. 
Massachusetts 02181. 


is almost here! 
DATE: Monday. April 28 
TIME: 11:00 a.m. to 3:30'p.m. 
PLACE: Schneider Terrace 
There will be something for 

FOOD: including MAKE YOUR 
OWN SUBS, watermelon, beer 
BOOTHS: including woodcar- 
ving. quilted crafts, baked goods, 
CONTESTS: 12 noon - THE 
DANCE CONTEST fcaturine 
jitterbug and "THE BUMP". 
GAMES: including volleyball, 
kite-flying and finger painting. 
AND MOVIES: cartoons. W.C 
FIELDS, and a horror film 
festival will run continuously. 


Hunger con't 

Continued from page 3 

on Americans tantamount to 
tyranny This imposition is even 
ureater when considered against 
the background of policies of 
some of the most needy nations. 
For example. India, despite star- 
vation of her people, cut the 
agricultural portion of the 
national budget. At the same lime 
a nuclear bomb was developed hy 
llial country. There is no need to 
impose upon Americans when the 
governments of other countries 
will noi look after the needs of 
their own citizens. 


dieates thai food is the block to 
ilk- volution of the population 
problem In order to insure that 






Templo Place al Park SI i 

Franklin SI. al Washington I 
Boylston al Arlington 

Cambridge at Harvard Square | 

Chestnut Hill on Route 9 £ 

Wellesley at Colleqo Gate 1 

Studv in Italy 
this Summer 

Trinity College/Rome Campus 

June 14 July 21 

Anihropology ■ Ranoii inco Arl 

1 III i Di '•■ ' '■'Q" 


Harttord, Conn 06106 

■ I Z?l 

S\SlS\giBtBlSlSlS15lSlS <i 

these countries will not become 
totally dependenl on the U.S.. a 
plan should include monetary in- 
centives for development. 

Attempts lo solve this problem 
through a worldwide effort will ul- 
timately fail due to the political 
objectives of individual countries 
The recent world food conference 
in Rome showed that a few coun- 
tries were shamed into making 
conciliatory contributions to the 
food prohlem. hut as the facts 
show, this effort cannot begin lo 
solve the starvation of 700 
million. All the complexities of in- 
ternational development pale 
before the stark, clear fact thai 
the people in (he hungry nations 
must eat before thej can develop. 

Library Letter, con't 

Continued from page 2 

senio'r who has hanged her head 
many a lime on the library walls 
while seeking a "borrowed" book. 
I don't think it unreasonable lo 
propose thill a student guard be 
placed at the front door lo check 
outgoing books. No one's honor 
would he violated, and many 
precious books might he salvaged 
In a lime ol great economic 
pressure, with the price of books 
being what they arc. the need lor 
protection against ihefi is im- 
perative There is slill plenty Ol 
lime 10 alter this policy for ncxi let's be realistic and 
acknowledge I he problem lor 
what it is now. 

b\ Anne Barrett 75 


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|:30 p m 

. VMIealey/MlT ID. 

*/ OO and student's parents 

AIESEC aids communication 

hv I aura Becker '77 

On April 11-13. fifty delegates 
from fifteen universities 
throughout the Northeastern U.S. 
attended a regional AIESEC con- 
ference held" al Wellesley. The 
progeam included both large 
sessions and smaller help groups. 
.1 cocktail party, films, etc. . . 

\ll SI C is a French acronym 
best translated as the Internation- 
al Association of Students of 
Business and Economics. The 
organization is represented in 
firty-four nations. AlESEC's 
uoals are the promotion of inter- 
naiional understanding and 
cooperation, the aiding in the 
social and economic advancement 
of developing countries, the m- 
..rc.ivc of Social responsivene-v to 

husiness, and the increase of com- 
municalion between students and 

Three of the 4 5 existing 
chapters are in Bosion at Boston 
University Harvard and 
Wellesley \IESEC was founded 
in France at the end of World 
\\ 11 Two The I IS chapter was 
founded in the lute fifties I 'mil 
two years ago. Wellesley and Har- 
vard functioned as a joint chapter 

Schneider Announces 

Spring Weekend '75 

Friday. May 2-Col'feehouse 

•> 30 I'M Kick & I orraine 

I ee and Bill Burke. 

Saturday, Maj 3-M lin Stage 

9 PM Pousellc Darl Sirine 

Sunday, May 4-9-Casino 

Chapter mcmhi-rs cutnncaid. 

Wellesley is now a separate unit. 

Local chapters do their best 10 
secure jobs for foreign intern^ by 
soliciting companies throughout 
ihc first semester. In addition 
social gatherings, special lectures, 
and academic courses are offered 
II a company does agree lo lake 
on a foreign intern, specifications 
lor nationality, aye. education, ex- 
perience elc are vet forth In 
March, world-wide company 
preference sheets are placed in a 
computer along with student 
applications Those students 
whose qualifications match those 
of a compart) are then notified. 

Internships c 111 lust anywhere 
from sis weeks 10 eighteen 
months An intern musi p.i\ his 
transportation, hut room and 
board is covered by a week I \ 01 
monthly stipend Den ice < ondon. 
Allyn Christopher, and Margaret 
Hari are the Wellesley students 
who have worked .is \ll SI < in- 
terns This coming summer. 
Kalh) Ploss will he in Kyoto. 
Japan and Laura Becker will he in 
Lynn. I' tnee under the internship 



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AIAW fights to keep women's athletics 
Untainted by political, financial hassles 

Editor's Note: Sue Tend}' is an 
instructor in the Department of 
Phviital Education and 
Wellesley's voting representative 
to 1/ I If', .</ whit h Wclleslex i\ a 
member of recent years. She has 
graciously consented to tell the 
uor\ of the phenomenal growth in 

women's athleliCS as reflected in 
\l I II "\ growth to meet the needs 
foi administration that were 
i reated 

h) Sue Tend) 

Five years have passed since the 
Association for Intercollegiate 
Mhletics for Women (AIAW) 
was formed Enough has happen- 
ed in those short five years to 
make a modern day Rip Van 
Winkle shudder at the changes 
seen in that organization and in 
women's athletics in general. 

The catalyst for this sudden 
metamorphosis has been equaliz- 
ing ihc Educational Amendments 
\>ioi 1972 With the growing op- 
portunities lor women athletes. 
Hi. \l \U now has assumed the 
role of legislator OVCr her member 
institutions The sudden increase 
m finances available direct!) lo 
women in ihc form of athletic 
scholarships and the recruitment 
of future recipients ol these funds 
is causing some of the old guard 
execuluc officers of the \I\V\ to 
stand firm over the newer, 
younger breed of coaches and 
former athletes who want the 
most for I heir lone deserved 
organization whose philosophy 
formcrlj was lotall) wrong for 

So now we have the AIAW 
placing a limit on the number of 
scholarships dotted to each team 
at each school, the amount of 
money allowed each student 
athlete, the contact a prospective 
freshman can have with her future 
college, etc. Still a strong mother 
image for her member schools, 
women's sports by a men's 

The highlight of this encounter 

was a tense question-answer ses- 
sion with an NCAA represen- 
tative facing the 500 or so angry 
women in the audience. When 
someone from a large 
metropolitan New York college 
asked. "What plans does the 
NCAA have for small women's 
colleges such as Wellesley." the 
young man stated that they had 
none, and made the fatal mistake 
ol asking if Wellcslc\ was a school 

Do we need either? 

Lacrosse cops 
First-game win 

ti> Pull) Ido '78 

rhe Wellesley College varsilj 
lacrosse team defeated Boston 
I nivcrsity 7-5 in their first game 
ol the season 

Wellesley's seven goals were 
evenly spaced through the game 
Lisa Greene "77. playing second 
home, displayed her quickness In 
serine four of the goals 

Debbie Allen '77. co-captain, 
made two goals and Shelby Rid- 
dle '76, scored once The mainstay 
ol the defense, according to 
Shelby was Carol Charpk '77. 
co-captain, ii covcrpoint, 

lean Jones '77. played well at 

go tlic making lots of saves. She 
is recularh not the 
goalkeeper bui cave it a try in 
' ' " game \n injury in the firs! 
practice game kept her out of her 
normal position 

\i the end of the first half. 
Wellesley led l\\ one goal, B,U. 
came oul Wronger in Ihe second 
hall .iiiei changing positions. 
ii ever. Wellesley held them ofT 
:ind won the game bj two points. 
Mosl ol ihc Wcllcslcv team 
played on Ihc B U. Astro-turf for 
Ihe first time "A very last game." 
lid Debbie Alien. The ball 
bounces as if on a gym floor. 
" \i"l you didn't need cleats."' 
added Shelby Riddle 

money. But in order to more fully 
understand the nature of this 
problem, we need to go back to 
the original ideas and ideals hoped 
for by the AIAW. 

Long ago. in 1971. the AIAW 
was formed by a strong group of 
women physical educators who 
fell thai women's intercollegiate 
athletics needed an organization 
lo serve its athletes on a national 
scale. The governing hod\ lor 
mens athletics, the NCAA, was 
riddled with loo mans rules. 
regulations and political and 
financial hassles lo bother with. A 
women's organization would for- 
mulate basic guidelines in order lo 
standardize the base of operations 
on which each college competed 
It was ail very simple then: if you 
were a coach you had a rule hook 
for that sport and you had lo be 
sure I ha I all of your players did in- 
deed attend your school. These 
women, athletes and coaches 
alike, were dedicated, talented, 
sound of mind (though practicing 
sometimes three to four hours a 
day raised some doubts) and 
healthy ofbody. It was a glorious 
tune in which Ihe true Olympic 
spirit ran free. 

About ihe lime those free 
spirits hit ihcir peak, someone 
noticed that a section called Title 
IX of this "Equal Rights \ct" of 
1972 said thai women were cn- 
lilled lo is much as their male 
counterparts on Ihe playing fields. 
"That's O.K.'" said VIAW. "we 
don't want it. thank you." They 
were unable In convince a few 
Women tennis players at the 
1 1 nivcrsity of Miami of this, who 
won their lawsuit againsl the 
VIAW, c tiling us laws ..lis- 

Thai's when it all started. 
Rumors Hew and meetings were 
held, the outcome of which was 
Ihe lifting of the ban on 
scholarships lor women athletes 
Since vers few schools were aboul 
to give monej to women athletes 
anyway. AIAW's reaction was a 
little slow. Basic rules were 
reestablished The women looked 
lo their athletic directors for 

The athletic directors, in most 
cases men. and very familiar with 
the NCAA, answered along those 
lines. The ensuing structure hud 
come to resemble that ol an 

ihe AIAW was looked to for 
guidance and her regulations 
accepted readily in order lo "keep 
Ihe other person from cheating." 
Women again came to respect the 
AIAW as the leading organiza- 
tion controlling women's 
athlclii s 

Al about this lime. Wellesley 
College entered the scene as a 
member of AIAW, hoping to have 
a voice in forming any new legisla- 
tion, making sure that the small 
colleges would nol gel lost in the 
rush, and mosl important, making 
two of her students eligible to par- 
ticipate in the National Swim- 
ming Championships for college 

Al the AIAW National 
Delegate Assembly in Houston. 
Tcsas during January, the AIAW 
was given a supreme joll by the 
announccmenl of ihc NCAA ihai 
ii would begin sponsoring three 
national championships for 
women each year unlil ap- 
proximately ten were offered 
within Ihe next three years. This 
bombshell caused widespread 
reaction from both the women 
and Ihcir male counlerparls atten- 
ding the NCAA Assembly thai 
same weekend in Washington. 
D.C. Violent objections were rais- 
ed lo even hint a takeover ol 

in this country. His remark was 
met with loud but polite booing. 
The voting representative from 
Wellesley, Sue Tcndy. fell then 
that it was worth the SI 50 
membership fee for Wellesley's 
brief moment of recognition and 
support, later recounted in a 
Sports Illustrated slory. The 
NCAA proposal was tabled unlil 
further discussion on bolh sides 
was possible. A surprise victory 
• for Ihe AIAW 

Now lhal women's athletics 
seems to be going down the route 
the way "the men do it.' this mosl 
recent confrontation with the 
NCAA has put some women 
rethinking as lo where we, as 
women, are going. One AIAW 
member, among many, is quick to 
reaffirm that "the focus of inter- 
collegiate athletics should remain 
on individual participants in their 
primary roles as college 
students," for example. A very 
serious move is underway lhal 
could possibly change Ihe whole 
structure of bolh women's and 
men's athletics. An idealistic 
scheme originally conceived by 
Ms. Cal Papalasos of Queens 
< ollege has already been ver- 
balized to voting representatives 
at the recent Eastern Regional 
Assembly of the AIAW 
(EAIAW). Ms. Papalasos sees 
Ihe possibility of an alternative 
governing structure for ihe AIAW 
which might become a model for 
other organizations, Such a 
program could very possibly have 
no rules other than those set up by 
Ihe executive officers of each in- 
stitution. These people, the 
presidents, trustees, etc. are the 
ones who she feels are best 
prepared to determine where their 
priorities lie. and how much finan- 
cial backing, if any. will be given 
to iheir own institution for 
athletics. And if a school does nol 
feel Iheir present opponents are 
playing Ihe came properly, [hey 
can decline an invitation to plaj 
them in the future. 

The bullseye Is a long way off for beginning archer Betsy Franklin "76 
who's learning her bows and arrows in physical education class on 

photo by Sasha Norkin '7S 

Tuesdays and Thursdays. 

Sports Association 
Gets money for food 

by Mary Young '76 

Senate made an exception to 
SOFC's financial regulations last 
Monday night in unanimously 
granting the Sports Association a 
SI 59 reallocation of SOFC funds 
to pay for food. The reallocation 
was made after the S.A. budget 
had already been clipped by SI 52, 
i 591 cut faced by all SOFC 

The move broke ihe recently 
strictly-observed rule that no food 
be included in any organization's 
budget except for "ritual obser- 
vances." since money is always so 

"For us, it was a matter of 
priorities." said Sheila Brown, 
S.A. faculty advisor. The 
reallocation affects primarily 
highly-skilled athletes whose skill 
level necessitates overnight travel 
in order to compcle. Ms. Brown 
said, notably tennis and squash 
players, and swimmers. 

The SI 59 sum had been cut by 
SOFC in addition lo Ihe 5% cut 
and the paring of new requests for 
the coming year, totalling over 
S200. S.A. made the cut in its 
hudgcl by eliminaling SI25 for 
uniforms, S80 for an outrigger 
and SI 27 for food and lodging. 
S A. then recommended, againsl 
SOFC rules, thai the entire SI59 
be reallocated for food, and ihe 
motion was passed in Senate. 

B.U. surprises, Wellesley wins 

That the move made S.A. an 
exception to the rule was not un- 
noliced by some. Susan 
Challenger '76. Student Bursar, 
called ihe measure "clearly j n 
violation of financial legislation." 
S.A. representatives also attended 
the Senate meeting Ihis Monday 
night, where it was expected thai 
Ms. Challenger would call for a 
clarification of the rules and 
perhaps ask that the Senate vole 
be rescinded. 

"We arc very concerned about 
one of the inconsistencies in the 
financial legislation regarding this 
issue," countered Darcy Holland, 
S.A.'s other faculty advisor, 
"namely, why aren't all 
organizations given equal amount 
per individual per night for 
lodging? We fear that perhaps 
some organizations may receive 
enough lodging money to feed 
them as well!" 

The reallocation breaks down 
into S5 a night for lodging and S3 
a day for food, as opposed to S6 
and S4, respectively, previously 
requested for next year. 

"Senate thought we should 
have it," said Ms. Brown, who 
attended ihc Senate meeting with 
Ms. Holland, and Kale Riepe'76, 
president. Donna Drvaric '77, 
vice-president and Barbara Cray 
'76. treasurer, of S.A. "It wbs 
most encouraging. Senate was 
supportive of S.A.," Ms. Brown 

by De bra S. Knopman '75 

I morality play in two sets 

SET 1: Strangers on the tennis 


"Who are they?" I asked. 

"B.U." a teammate answered. 

"What? I thought that match 
was cancelled . anyway it was 
supposed lo he in Boston ... 

We had all come down lo Ihe 
Oval Courts expecting lhat day 
would be "jusl .mother practice." 
as Mo Connally would have said 
had she been in a similar predic.i- 
meni. , 

But ... would we have to play 
Ihem? The question hung in our 
minds like a crane over Sage. 

In our meager totality, the 
Wellesley team presented a pic- 
lure of puz/led youth. I was twirl- 
ing my racquet impatiently, 

someone else was adjusting the 

Crew bracing for 1500 meters " n ""^ r ™ s ^^^4 1 

crew, alluding to the long dis- 
tance "We can't row more lhan 
1000 meters on Ihe lake without 
having lo lurn around." Hopeful- 
ly Ms. O'Neal added. Ihe finish 
will be close between second and 
Ihird for Wellesley. with Radcliffe 
expected to win easily. 

Three formidable varsiiv eights 
will form Wellesley's opposition 
Saturday as ihe intercollegiate 
crew learn rows in the Greater 
Boston 1500-meter race. 

The race, scheduled to begin .11 
10:45 i m limn the M.I.T. sailing 
pavilion near the Harvard Bridge. 
*ill include nationally-known 
Radcliffe and M.I.T and B.U. 
Ihe rice will end upstream below 

Ihc B 1 1 boathouse. 
"It's going lo be a touch race." 
lid captain Peggy O'Neal '7(,. a 
yetcrun of three ycui ol Wellesley 

I xlrcmely large, sunny room 
for rent, with your own bath, 
mar Hathaway, in a private 
home. Starling September. 
Phone I'am De Simone, 235- 
1235. 1 32 Wcslon Rd.i 

Sublet in Cambridge 

I bedroom in 3 bedroom 
apartment; safe neighborhood; 
five mm walk to Harvard 
Squ ire; convenient to laun- 
dromal and supermarket; cool 
and quiet. SI34/month plus 
electricity (about S4/monthj 
and phone Dales negotiable. 
Call Lynn (days 495-4965; 
(evenings) 876-8551. 


Tour lirst jump course takes only 3 hours. Costs only $70.00 

World's largest and sales! < 
Our 17th year 

fl " brochu,e - 25.000 Fiisl ,ump». 


'0 l:.«. hup «n. tllM ft} 

Phone: 617-544-691 1 201-363-4900 

, (Includes all equipment) 
* I over 250.000 lumps 
25.000 First jumps 

mewooo MUOUITIM center 

' Oei lit lali.uj ii j oilOl 

Phone: 201-363-4900 

Just then, a lough-looking 
woman in a baby-blue warm-up 
Suit, shades. Tretorns. and a shag 
si nil led over to us. 

"It's written right on our 
coach's calendar — 'Wellesley, 
\piil sixteenth, lour o'clock.' 
'' "> musl ve gotten ii wrong " 

Who could argue with that? We 
begun lo phase into ihe com- 
petitive mood. Racquet covers 
same off. and Ihe few of us Ihere 
'ned lo act like a learn. 
(Wellesley's commitment to non- 
uniformed athletes made Ihe im- 
agc a difficull one io project, and 
B.U. was duly unimpressed.) 

"Well, um, look .,. we might as 
well play.'' Coach Darcv Hol- 
land was distressed. Those 
piecioiis cans ol new tennis lulls 
were not i.. be used casuully. 

Nevertheless, she loomed off in 

her ( apri lo eel them from Man 

SET II Hi' mobilizes, Wellesley 


The woman responsible for 
Hi'.'s actions screeched with all 

ihe authority of a prison warden, 
"Awrighl girls, everybody oul 
I el's go, We're playing Them. 
( ome on Lei i go \ little 
husslc." Five or si\ women rolled 
"in ol five or si\ ears parked i'\ 
Ihe courts The one wearing the 

Mickey Mouse sweatshirt was 
particularly bored, but somehow 
mustered Ihe interest in tennis to 

isk one of our team. "Do you 
know Edna Greentree' We went 
i" camp together." The fearless 
leader quickly reprimanded her, 
i" ihc effect lhal Ihis was a tennis 
match, nol a social hour. To af- 
firm lhat sense of purpose, she 
rallied her team inlo a huddle, 
(lor a moment. I thought thev 
mighl he good.) 

Meanwhile, the Wellesley learn 
was mounting its forces, with 
players straggling in from ihc 
bushes, ihe parking lot. and the 
sandy shores of Lake Waban. We 
warmed up with B.U. \ worn oul. 
once green, now bald, feather 
weight, and possibly "lennis" — 
balls. One half of our second 
doubles had set lo show (reporled- 
ly seen in class earlier in the day) 
and second singles simply did not 
exist. An innocent woman from 
Ihc Quad, jusl oul for a good lime, 
was instantly recruited. (This was 
a team? How provincial!) 

As soon as Ihe fresh lennis balls 
arrived, ihe mulch wenl on. Jean 

Milborg joined Heidic Mickclson 
in second doubles. Maureen 
Sullivan and Beth Stewart played 
third doubles, and Luci Brown 
and I played first doubles. Singles 
were played by Denise Sleem and 
Judith White 

Well, we won. kind of. The un- 
official score was 4 to I. Most of 
ihe matches were stopped early 
for dinner — peppermint fudge 
pie probably. 

Four sophomore crews will race 
tomorrow at 3 in the 
Sophomore Parents' Day race 
to determine the top sophomore 
boat for class competition on 
May 2. Parents are invited lo 
go out and row after the race. ] 

Helmswomen tr iumph at M.I.T. 

by Sally Newman '76 

This weekend's regattas were 
characterized by an overabun- 
dance or wind. The sailing team 
w is signed up lo sail in the CCT 
Invitational at M.I.T. on Satur- 
day and the President's Trophy at 
B.U. on Sunday. 

The CCT. a type of sloop, 
regatta was- an experimental one 
because spinnakers, those color- 
ful, ballon-like sails flying oul in 
jronl of the hoals, were allowed. 

Don't wait ... 

Wellesley College students 
wishing to use the college's lennis 
courts should not be afraid to ask 
non-college personnel for ID's. the 
physical education department an- 
nounced this week Students and all 
olnei members of ihe College com- 
munity have priority for use of these 
facilities and need not wail to use a 
courl occupied by outsiders, 

H uny question or problem arises 
ovej use or courts, the department 
advises that students call security 
who hive always helped promptly 

Unfortunately, the wind was 
blowing very hard. 15-25 m.p.h. 
with gusls up to 30. and we did nol 
use the sail very often. 

Wellesley. M.I.T., U.R.I, and 
Simmons sailed under cloudy, 
rainy skies. The waterlogged crew 
from Wellesley included Megan 
Ancker '75. Jane Koenitzer '78 
and Sally Newman '76, skipper. 
We were all quite unfamiliar with 
the boats, and everyone's finishes 
were inconsistent. Ours were 3-1- 
4-1, lying with M.I.T. for first 
place. Since we had two firsts to 
M.l.T.'s one. we won Ihc 

Unfortunately, the wind was 
loo strong on Sunday. By mutual 
consent of the five schools atten- 
ding the BU regalia, it was 
cancelled. We still managed lo 
talk lo rriends from olher schools 
aboul ihe upcoming regalia ncxl 
week. This is the Jerry R« a 
Trophy al Yale, the eliminations 
Tor (he Women's Nalonak The 
lop three schools coming oul of 
this regalia will sail in the 
Nationals during June. 



x Lacrosse 








New York 




Now York 








6 29 


New York 





New York 


J The Boston Botts 



I Street 

| City 

I State 

7 20 
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Now York 






At the 

Boston Garden 
April 28 

121 Newbury SWeet, Boston7l3ox"wu 
Massachusells 02116 












Now York 



4 Indicate selection and number of tickets: l 
Individual Location Season 

$3 50 

Prom & Loge 
Slad & Bale 


$ 78. 

I $3 50 Ends $ 78 

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