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Full text of "The West American scientist"



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Volume IX. 



September, 1895. 



Number 80. 



THE PARTRIDGE-BREAST ALOE. 



ALOE VARIEGATA Linnaeus. An African 
plant of great beauty, producing spikes of bril- 
liant coral red flowers. It is found in many 
old-fashioned gardens and receives its com- 
mon name from the feathery mottling of the 
leaves. 



THE VELVET CACTUS. 



YERBA MANSE. 



CEREUS EMORYI Engelmann. This is one 
of the best-known of California cacti, the 
slender, thickly-set yellowish spines giving it 
a peculiarly beautiful appearance. The spines 
on the young joints are shorter, soft and flexu- 
ous; the flowers are yellowish, followed by a 
small edible fruit. 



ANEMOPSIS CALIFORNICA B. & H. This 
is one of the favorite medicinal herbs of the 
old Spanish Californians, but has won a per- 
manent place in European greenhouses, and 
should be given the attention it deserves in 
the land of its birth. It is readily grown in 
moist soil, the apple-green foliage, frequently 
blotched with crimson, showing off the rather 
large white flowers to great advantage. 



ALLIUM HAEMATOCHITON Watson. 




The mesas and hills around San Diego are 
decked in springtime with the clusters of 
bright purplish-tinted flowers of this wild 
onion, which deserves a prettier name at the 
hands of its friends. It does not prove quite 
hardy in New England, but will give enough 
pleasure for the cost of growing in the house 
among its more showy cousins. 

THE CHOLLAS. 



A former characteristic of Southern Califor- 
nia landscapes were the thickets of cholla cac- 
tus, which still decorate some of our uncleared 
hillsides, and abounds in the desert regions 
and unsettled parts of Lower California and 
Mexico. The cholla belongs to the same genus 
as the prickly pear, but differs mainly in the 
cylindrical, instead of flat, joints and in its 
non-edible fruits. 

OPUNTIA PROLIFERA Engelmann. This 
densely-branching shrub bears a small flower 
of a pomegranate purple, and once grew in 
great abundance where the city of San Diego 
now exists. 

OPUNTTA SERPENTINA Engelm. Procum- 
bent, with yellow flowers, comparatively rare 
in cactus collections. 



THE HEDGEHOG CACTUS. 



ECHINOPSIS MULLERI. A hybrid, of rapid 
growth, blooming early, and with its large 

atiny rose-colored flowers is justly called the 
»f its < lass. 

ECHINOPSIS EYRIESTI ZUCC. This is less 
iinsiliriK in appearance than E. Mulleri, but 

'"luces; lovely pure white flowers in great 
abundance. 



STAPELIAS, OR "TOAD CACTUS." 

These curious plants, native to South Africa, 
belong to the asclepias (or milkweed) family, 
but are popularly known by the names "toad 
eaclus," or "carrion cactus," the former from 
the mottled color of the flower of the best- 
known variety, the latter from the strong fetid 
odor exhaled by the flowers. Like most suc- 
culents, thev are easily grown. There are 
more than fifty varieties known. 



The West American Scientist. 



CALIFORNIA FISH-HOOK CACTUS. 



MAMMILLARIA GOODRIDGII Scheer. A 
small globular species, closely set with brown- 
ish or white spines, the central one curved 
into a hook. The delicate yellowish white 
flowers are succeeded by the club-shaped, 
scarlet berries that possess the flavor of wild- 
wood strawberries, and are sometimes called 
"hep-pitallas," the "llavina" of the Mexicans. 

FAIRY FINGER TIPS. 



COTYLEDON ATTENUATA Watson. This 
dwarfish plant is destined to attain great pop- 
ularity for beds and borders. It was discov- 
ered in Lower California in 1886 by C. R. Or- 
cutt, and first introduced into cultivation in 
1894. It resembles dwarf C. Edulis, and pro- 
duces panicles of pretty yellowish or rose 
purple flowers that do not detract from its 
adaptability for borders or edging to beds. 

C. EDULIS Brewer. This sometimes grows 
two feet across and bears a tall panicle of 
greenish flowers. It has become widely known 
under the name of "Finger Tips," from the 
long, slender leaves, which the Indians of 
California formerly used as a salad. 

E. PULVERULENTA Baker. Large, elegant 
in form, the broad leaves forming a beautiful 
rosette and covered with a thick white powder. 

C. ORBICULATA Linnaeus. An old-fash- 
ioned garden plant, attaining to a tropical 
luxuriance of growth and producing large 
pendulous orange-colored flowers of great per- 
manence. 

C. LANCEOLATA B. & H. A plant that 
does well under good treatment, producing a 
spike of red flowers. The lanceolate flat 
leaves sometimes of a dull crimson color, but 
commonly green. 




FREESIA REFRACTA ALBA. 



Just a thought to give thee pleasure, 
Just a hope to gild the way, 

Just a word to speak of Jesus, 
Do you love Him as you may? 



CENTURY PLANTS. 



The agaves form a beautiful class of deco- 
rative plants, tropical in aspect, and belong to 
the amaryllis family, though often erroneously 
considered as belonging to the cactus family. 
They are called century plants from another 
popular fallacy, that they require 100 years 
before blooming. In tropical countries 'they 
attain maturity, blossom and die, m less than 
twenty years usually. 

AGAVE AMERICANA Linnaeus. The mes- 
cal plant of Mexico, from which a useful fibre 
is secured. Pulque, the national drink of Mex- 
ico, is produced mainly from this plant, and 
the juice is also distilled into an alcoholic bev- 
erage known by the name of mescal. Thous- 
ands of acres are devoted to its cultivation in 
Mexico, where it ranks with corn, wheat and 
beans in commercial importance. It makes 
rapid growth, attaining to a large size, and in 
the United States is largely planted for its 
decorative value. 

Var. VARIEGATA Hort. Large, bread 
leaves, margined with white, the finest of 
many forms in cultivation. 

AGAVE SHAWII Engelmann. Very com- 
pact, dark olive-green leaves, margined with 
stout spines. Peculiar to the coast region of 
Southern and Lower California. 



This long name is become familiar to every 
lover of flowers in the civilized world. It is a 
native of Africa and be.ongs to the iris family 
a family which gives us a multitude of bril 
liant flowers which readily adapt themselves 
to Southern California. It will produce a 
wealth of fragrant bloom the first year from 
seed, and is so easily grown that it is within 
the reach of the humblest housekeeper. 

We will gladly mail a packet of seed to any 
subscriber sending stamp for postage. 



PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED. 
BOTANY 



Bulletin of the Torrey botanical club: 
Vol. i. to v. 
" vi.— except No, 6, 
" vii. to xv. 
" xvi, — except No. 6. 
" xvii —except No. 9 and 10. 
' xviii. — except No. 7. 
" xix. — except No. 1, 
" xx, xxi, and xxii (No. 1—8). 
Zoe, v. i, to iv.— end of series. 
Erythea, v. i, li, and iii— Nos 2 9. 
Botanical gazette, index to v. i-x; v. viii. No 11 

v. x to xx. — No. 1 and 2, 
Missouii botanical garden:— Reports for 1890 to 

1895 
Index Ke wen sis, parts 1, 2, and 3. 
Minnesota botanical studies, Bull. 9, parts 1-6 
The botanical club check list: a protest. By 
Erwin F. Smith, Washington, D. C, July 22. 

HORTICULTURE, ETC. 

Southern Kansas horticulturist, v. i 1-5. 
Society of American florists— proceedings, 1»» 

to 1891. 
Agricultural experiment stations:— 
Ohio; 3d, 4ihand 5th reports. 
Bulletins, 2d s— 1,2, 3, 5, 6. 
Moscow. Idaho: 1st and 2d reports, 1893-91. 
Bull. 1-9. 






The West American Scientist. 



knowille, Tennessoe: 5th and 7tli reports. 

Bull, vol vii, nos 2-4. 
Morgantown, W. Va. : 1st and 3d reports. 
Bull. 1-23, 25-3!), and two special issues. 
Manhattan, Kansas: 1st. 2d, 4th to 7th reports. 

Bull. 10-46, 48, 49 and 51. 
Cornell university: 2d and 3d reports. 
Bill . I, 3, 0-03, 0.V85, 89-96, 98, 
The California llorist, vol. i, nos. 1-5, 7, 8; vol. ii. 
Year book of the U. S. Dep't Agric, 1894. 
The Garden, 37 Southampton St., London- Nos 

898,964,988, 1019-1028, 1030-1032, 1034-1240. 
She ural Australian, xiii. 1,2, 7-12. 

New series, i. 1-5, 0-12; ii. 1-9, 11, 12; iii. 
Barden and forest, Tribune building., N. Y. : 
Nos. 1-393. 

GENERAL 

The Swiss Cross, vol. i -v. 

why I am a vegetarian. By J. Howard Mooie. 

Ward Waugh Pub, Co.. Chicago. 25c 
The Avifauna, Los Angeles, Cal. : i. 1. 
The Monist, a quarterly magazine: i., ii., iii 1, 2, 

;?; ; v ; v. 1,2,4. 



NOTES ON CACTI. 

Dr. W. CL Farlow. of Harvard college, kindly 

informs me that stackhouse spelled the name 

| of his genus the same as Haworth— Mammil- 

ilaria. His genus is identical with Gigartina but 

'his name has not been adopte J by more recent 

algologists. 

Opuntia basilaris and Parish's variety ramosa 
(see Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 92), when grown in a 
nursery side by side become indistinguishable. 

CACTI AND SUCCULENTS. 

PLANTS $ 100 

AGAVE americaua milleri $6 0" 

ameneana variegata 6 00 

dese ti Eng 50 00 

ferox 100 00 

GilbeyiHort 50 00 

heteraeantba(lecheguilla) 20 00 

Margaritas 60 00 

maculata (Texana) 15 00 

Parryi. handsome regular form 50 00 

Shawii, dark green, compact foliage 30 00 

stricta 20 00 

univittata 25 00 

Victoria Reginae— large, 25c per Tb 18 00 

ALOE variegata 40 00 

grandidentata 

ANHALONIUM Engelmanni 30 00 

Lewinii 12 00 

prismaticum 20 00 

Williamsii . 15 00 

A^TROKHYTUM myriostigma 30 00 

CERfc&US Berlandieri 8 00 

C8espitosus:Lace cactus 8 00 

chloranthus 15 00 

cochal 40 00 

colubrinus cuts 20 » 

cinerascens 20 00 

dasyacanthus .'.'..'...'........!... fi() 00 

deficiwns . .. . 40 00 

Em jryi: Velvet cactus 15 oO 

Entfeim-inni . ... 25 00 

enneacanthus 10 00 

Fendleri '/.'.V.V...V.V.....V...'. 50 00 

gemmatus 25 00 

giganteus "* ".'.'.'".lOO 00 

pummosua: Pitahya agria U0 00 

raanrimiis 75 00 

Mojaverisis ....'.... .'. 5000 

peetinatns Eng 12 00 

polyacanthus '.".. .. 60 00 

proenmbens 8 oo 



Pringlei... 2K> 00 

rigidissimus: Rainbow cactus 20 00 

stramineus 15 00 

triangulai is: strawberry pear ;s 00 

tuberosus '2 00 

variabilis 20 00 

viridittorus ... 25 00 

eruca Brandegee 100 00 

COTYLEDON attenuata 00 

Californica 3 00 

edulis 10 00 

laoceolata, reddish flowers 7 00 

linearis Greene 12 00 

orbicutata 20 00 

pulvernlenta 10 00 

secunda glauca 2 00 

DIONJEA mu^eipula: Venus fiv trap ... 5 00 

ECHIMOCACTUS bicolor Gal...* 15 00 

brevihnmatus EngfTmann 15 <'0 

capricornis 25 00 

ccptonogonus Lcmaire . 25 00 

cornigerus DC 20 00 

crispatus 50 00 

cylindraceus Engelmann 40 00 

horizonthalonius Lem 20 00 

Lecontei Eng.. 25 00 

longehamatus Ga' 25 00 

McDowellii Kebut 60 00 

Orcuttii Eng 30 00 

polycephalus Eng. 75 00 

ScheeriSalm 12 CO 

s^tispinu^ Eng 8 0d 

texens s Hpfr 12 00 

Trollieti Rebut 40 00 

viridesc^ns Nutt 12 00 

Wielizeni Eng* 25 00 

Wri^htii Eng 50 00 

Echinopsis Eyriesii 25 00 

Mulleri 9 00 

multiplex 25 00 

FUR('RJEA cubensis 9 00 

GASTEHIA, Unnamed sorts 20 00 

MAMMILLARIA Arizonica 80 00 

applanata 8 00 

be=!uini 20 00 

Candida.. . 2<> 00 

eornifera 15 00 

echinus 5 00 

Goodridgii Scheer 5 00 

Grabamii 10 00 

Halei Brandegee 100 00 

laseiacantha (plumosa) 10 00 

(dPiiudata) 15 00 

rnacromeris I s °0 

meiacantha • 8 JO 

minima 15 00 

leona 15 00 

micromeris . 15 00 

Greagii 15 00 

phellosperma: tetrancistra 50 00 

pusilla Texana. 8 00 

tuberculosa: strobiliformis 15 00 

nivea 5° 00 

pyenaenntha 40 00 

spinosissima ™ 00 

elegans: supertexta ^5 00 

uncinata "'? °. ( ; 

NOP \LEA sp. South America 25 0) 

OPUNTIA basilaris 2 £ [J 

bernardina |; p, }' ' 

Bigelovii °<' 

chloroica... r on 

En^lmanni in nn 

echinocarpa « nn 

frutescens: leptocaulis ° 

pro ifera:chollas <* no 

serpentina ° £> 

subulata «™ w 



8 



The West American Scientist. 



tuna: S vara, (cuttings) 9 00 

tesaellata: ramosisslma 25 00 

Pelecyphora pectinata 

PHYLLOCACTUS Wrayi 

Latifrons: Queen cactus 

PILOCEREUS Sargentianus Orcutt 90 00 

fossulatus 25 00 

senilis: Old man cactus 20 00 

RH1PSALIS 2 sp.. 

ROCHE A falcata 

STAPELIA variegata: Toad cactus 

YUCCA baccata 

hravifolia 

Whipplei — 

-tr-ir' Prices on application. 



PALM SEEDS 

Erythea armata (Brahea glauca). ^ lb $2 00 
edulis, Guadalupe Island palm. " 2 00 

Washingtonia filitera " 1 00 

robusta " 2 50 

Sonora?, a new Mexican palm " 4 0U 

Phoenix canariensis ^100 seeds: 50 

reclinata 

Chamserops excclsa 

^^Correspondence invited about other sorts. 



FLOWER SEEDS 



Dicentra chrysantha 

Dodecatheon clev^landi 

Emmenanthe p^nd iliflora, yellow bells 

Freesiaretraota alba 

Mina lobata $8 pe r lb 

Lathyrus splendens 

R mneya Coulteri 

Dendromecon rigidum: Tree poppy 

Cobam scandens 

'^We have handied hundreds of varieties of 
seeds of which the above are a few specialties. 5 



^oz. 

2 00 
I 

3 00 
40 
70 

1 55 
1 00 




'• 

Per 100. 

Allium haematochiton Watson: fine $ 1 00 

Amaryllis formosissim a 

Behria tenuiflora [ 7 ' 00 

Bloomeria aurea: rich yellow flowers! ..... 1 50 

Clevelandi Watson: delicate lemon 3 00 

Brodiaea capitata: large heads, lavender. 1 00 
ca-pitata alba: charming, pure white. 2 40 
congesta: violet purple, 2 to 3 ft. high.' 1 50 

coccinea: Vegetable fire cracker 2 25 

grandiflora: dark waxy purple, showy. 1 00 
lxioides (Caliproa lutea): yellow, pretty 1 00 

lactea: white banded with green 100 

laxa (blue milla, Ithuriel's spear): blue 1 00 

minor: fine royal purple umbels 2 25 

multiflora: umbels of violet flowers.. 1 50 

Orcuttii: lavender colored fls 5 00 

peduncularis: waxy porcelain white 2 25 

stellaris rich purple, white centers... 1 50 
terrestris: royal purple, 2 inches high.. 2 25 
volubihs: Twining hyacinth, climbing 4 50 

mixed varieties $6 per 1000 90 

Calochortus albus: Fairy Bell, pearly w ' 1 80 
Benthamii: open cup-shaped flowers... 2 25 
Gunnisom: light lilac, purple banding 10 00 
• Howellii" (apiculatus) : white, 2 feet 

r, hiSh A -. 6 00 

Kennedyi: magnificent dazzling scarlet 30 00 
Leichtlmii: much like Nuttallii 3 00 



longibarbatus: fine purple, a foot high. 

luteus: yellow fls, dotted with brown.. 

v. concolor: large bright yellow flowers 

lilacinus: lilac shading to purple, fine.-, 

macrocarpus: large purple flowers... 

maweanus: white, silky blue hairs, fine 

nitidus: purple and green fls, flexuoux. 

nudus: dwarfish in habit, purple fls.... 

Nuttallii: large white fls, green banded 

Palmeri: a rare and beautiful sort 

pulchellus: star tulip, pendant flowers. 

splendens: lavender color 

v. atroviolacea: purple, with red spots. 

venustus oculatus: finely marked fls... 

venustus purpurascens: purple centers 

venustus citrinus: lemon yellow 

venustus roseus: creamy inside 

Weedii: orange butterfly tulip, fine ... 

Tolmiei: very large white pendant fls.. 

flavus (Cyclobothra flava): golden shell 

Plummerae (Weedii purpurascens) 

Purdyi Greene: pale lilac fls, new 

flexuosus: lilac fls, a fine butterfly tulip 

Baylardianus: drooping purple and yel. 

mixed varieties, choice selections 

Camassia "alba" 

Cusickii: purple giant, great novelty... 

esculenta: dark blue fls, edible bulbs... 

Leichtlinii 

Chlorogalum angustifolium, dwarf size.. 

parvifolium and pomeridianum, each... 
Erythronium grandiflorum (giganteum). . 

grandiflorum minor, yellow flowers 

Hartwegii, large yellow fls, beautiful.. 

Hendersonii, pink fls, center blackish.. 

montanum, 3 to 4 large pure white fls.. 

Howellii, white turning pink, Oregon.. 

Smithii, white fls turning purple 

purpurascens, rare and beautiful 

Freesia refracta alba: seed $3 per lb 

Fritillaria atropurpurea 

biflora: chocolate lily, white, purple fls 

coccinea: much like recurva, pretty fls 

lanceolata, curious mottled coloring — 

v. gracilis, nearly black, pretty 

lilacea, white, otherwise like biflora — 

parviflora 

pudica, charming yellow or orange fls. 

recurva, scarlet bell-shaped flowers — 
Hesperocallis undulata, desert lily....... 

Leucocrinum montanum, delicate white. 
Lilium Bolanderi, Oregon, quite rare yet 

Columbianum, like dwarf Humboldtii.. 

Humboldtii, orange, with black spots.. 

maritimum, blood red flowers 

pardalinum, red and orange 

v. minor, canary yellow, spotted fls.... 

v. Bourgaei, lustrous fiery red 

Parryi, delicate lemon yellow, fragrant 

parvum, scarlet spotted with brown — 

rubescens, opens white, very fine 

Washingtonianum, white, very fragrant 
Muilla maritima, small whitish flower... 

Richardia Africana, calla 

Trillium sessile californicum 

ova+um, white, turning to wine purple. 
Zygadenus Fremontii, creamy white fls.. 

paniculatus, stouter and taller 

C. R. Orcutt, Orcutt, California. 



20 

15 Of 
12 ">0j 

20 00 
12 9 

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3 1 1 

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i 



Established 1884. 

THE WEST AMERICAN SCIENTIST. 

Charles Russell Orcutt, Editor, 

Orcutt, Cal., U. S. A. 

Price 10c a copy; $1 a year; $10 for lite. 



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