THE PARTRIDGE-BREAST ALOE.
ALOE VARIEGATA Linnaeus. An African
plant of great beauty, producing spikes of bril-
liant coral red flowers. It is found in many
old-fashioned gardens and receives its com-
mon name from the feathery mottling of the
THE VELVET CACTUS.
CEREUS EMORYI Engelmann. This is one
of the best-known of California cacti, the
slender, thickly-set yellowish spines giving it
a peculiarly beautiful appearance. The spines
on the young joints are shorter, soft and flexu-
ous; the flowers are yellowish, followed by a
small edible fruit.
ANEMOPSIS CALIFORNICA B. & H. This
is one of the favorite medicinal herbs of the
old Spanish Californians, but has won a per-
manent place in European greenhouses, and
should be given the attention it deserves in
the land of its birth. It is readily grown in
moist soil, the apple-green foliage, frequently
blotched with crimson, showing off the rather
large white flowers to great advantage.
ALLIUM HAEMATOCHITON Watson.
The mesas and hills around San Diego are
decked in springtime with the clusters of
bright purplish-tinted flowers of this wild
onion, which deserves a prettier name at the
hands of its friends. It does not prove quite
hardy in New England, but will give enough
pleasure for the cost of growing in the house
among its more showy cousins.
A former characteristic of Southern Califor-
nia landscapes were the thickets of cholla cac-
tus, which still decorate some of our uncleared
hillsides, and abounds in the desert regions
and unsettled parts of Lower California and
Mexico. The cholla belongs to the same genus
as the prickly pear, but differs mainly in the
cylindrical, instead of flat, joints and in its
OPUNTIA PROLIFERA Engelmann. This
densely-branching shrub bears a small flower
of a pomegranate purple, and once grew in
great abundance where the city of San Diego
OPUNTTA SERPENTINA Engelm. Procum-
bent, with yellow flowers, comparatively rare
in cactus collections.
THE HEDGEHOG CACTUS.
ECHINOPSIS MULLERI. A hybrid, of rapid
growth, blooming early, and with its large
atiny rose-colored flowers is justly called the
»f its < lass.
ECHINOPSIS EYRIESTI ZUCC. This is less
iinsiliriK in appearance than E. Mulleri, but
'"luces; lovely pure white flowers in great
STAPELIAS, OR "TOAD CACTUS."
These curious plants, native to South Africa,
belong to the asclepias (or milkweed) family,
but are popularly known by the names "toad
eaclus," or "carrion cactus," the former from
the mottled color of the flower of the best-
known variety, the latter from the strong fetid
odor exhaled by the flowers. Like most suc-
culents, thev are easily grown. There are
more than fifty varieties known.
The West American Scientist.
CALIFORNIA FISH-HOOK CACTUS.
MAMMILLARIA GOODRIDGII Scheer. A
small globular species, closely set with brown-
ish or white spines, the central one curved
into a hook. The delicate yellowish white
flowers are succeeded by the club-shaped,
scarlet berries that possess the flavor of wild-
wood strawberries, and are sometimes called
"hep-pitallas," the "llavina" of the Mexicans.
FAIRY FINGER TIPS.
COTYLEDON ATTENUATA Watson. This
dwarfish plant is destined to attain great pop-
ularity for beds and borders. It was discov-
ered in Lower California in 1886 by C. R. Or-
cutt, and first introduced into cultivation in
1894. It resembles dwarf C. Edulis, and pro-
duces panicles of pretty yellowish or rose
purple flowers that do not detract from its
adaptability for borders or edging to beds.
C. EDULIS Brewer. This sometimes grows
two feet across and bears a tall panicle of
greenish flowers. It has become widely known
under the name of "Finger Tips," from the
long, slender leaves, which the Indians of
California formerly used as a salad.
E. PULVERULENTA Baker. Large, elegant
in form, the broad leaves forming a beautiful
rosette and covered with a thick white powder.
C. ORBICULATA Linnaeus. An old-fash-
ioned garden plant, attaining to a tropical
luxuriance of growth and producing large
pendulous orange-colored flowers of great per-
C. LANCEOLATA B. & H. A plant that
does well under good treatment, producing a
spike of red flowers. The lanceolate flat
leaves sometimes of a dull crimson color, but
FREESIA REFRACTA ALBA.
Just a thought to give thee pleasure,
Just a hope to gild the way,
Just a word to speak of Jesus,
Do you love Him as you may?
The agaves form a beautiful class of deco-
rative plants, tropical in aspect, and belong to
the amaryllis family, though often erroneously
considered as belonging to the cactus family.
They are called century plants from another
popular fallacy, that they require 100 years
before blooming. In tropical countries 'they
attain maturity, blossom and die, m less than
twenty years usually.
AGAVE AMERICANA Linnaeus. The mes-
cal plant of Mexico, from which a useful fibre
is secured. Pulque, the national drink of Mex-
ico, is produced mainly from this plant, and
the juice is also distilled into an alcoholic bev-
erage known by the name of mescal. Thous-
ands of acres are devoted to its cultivation in
Mexico, where it ranks with corn, wheat and
beans in commercial importance. It makes
rapid growth, attaining to a large size, and in
the United States is largely planted for its
Var. VARIEGATA Hort. Large, bread
leaves, margined with white, the finest of
many forms in cultivation.
AGAVE SHAWII Engelmann. Very com-
pact, dark olive-green leaves, margined with
stout spines. Peculiar to the coast region of
Southern and Lower California.
This long name is become familiar to every
lover of flowers in the civilized world. It is a
native of Africa and be.ongs to the iris family
a family which gives us a multitude of bril
liant flowers which readily adapt themselves
to Southern California. It will produce a
wealth of fragrant bloom the first year from
seed, and is so easily grown that it is within
the reach of the humblest housekeeper.
We will gladly mail a packet of seed to any
subscriber sending stamp for postage.
Bulletin of the Torrey botanical club:
Vol. i. to v.
" vi.— except No, 6,
" vii. to xv.
" xvi, — except No. 6.
" xvii —except No. 9 and 10.
' xviii. — except No. 7.
" xix. — except No. 1,
" xx, xxi, and xxii (No. 1—8).
Zoe, v. i, to iv.— end of series.
Erythea, v. i, li, and iii— Nos 2 9.
Botanical gazette, index to v. i-x; v. viii. No 11
v. x to xx. — No. 1 and 2,
Missouii botanical garden:— Reports for 1890 to
Index Ke wen sis, parts 1, 2, and 3.
Minnesota botanical studies, Bull. 9, parts 1-6
The botanical club check list: a protest. By
Erwin F. Smith, Washington, D. C, July 22.
Southern Kansas horticulturist, v. i 1-5.
Society of American florists— proceedings, 1»»
Agricultural experiment stations:—
Ohio; 3d, 4ihand 5th reports.
Bulletins, 2d s— 1,2, 3, 5, 6.
Moscow. Idaho: 1st and 2d reports, 1893-91.
The West American Scientist.
knowille, Tennessoe: 5th and 7tli reports.
Bull, vol vii, nos 2-4.
Morgantown, W. Va. : 1st and 3d reports.
Bull. 1-23, 25-3!), and two special issues.
Manhattan, Kansas: 1st. 2d, 4th to 7th reports.
Bull. 10-46, 48, 49 and 51.
Cornell university: 2d and 3d reports.
Bill . I, 3, 0-03, 0.V85, 89-96, 98,
The California llorist, vol. i, nos. 1-5, 7, 8; vol. ii.
Year book of the U. S. Dep't Agric, 1894.
The Garden, 37 Southampton St., London- Nos
898,964,988, 1019-1028, 1030-1032, 1034-1240.
She ural Australian, xiii. 1,2, 7-12.
New series, i. 1-5, 0-12; ii. 1-9, 11, 12; iii.
Barden and forest, Tribune building., N. Y. :
The Swiss Cross, vol. i -v.
why I am a vegetarian. By J. Howard Mooie.
Ward Waugh Pub, Co.. Chicago. 25c
The Avifauna, Los Angeles, Cal. : i. 1.
The Monist, a quarterly magazine: i., ii., iii 1, 2,
;?; ; v ; v. 1,2,4.
NOTES ON CACTI.
Dr. W. CL Farlow. of Harvard college, kindly
informs me that stackhouse spelled the name
| of his genus the same as Haworth— Mammil-
ilaria. His genus is identical with Gigartina but
'his name has not been adopte J by more recent
Opuntia basilaris and Parish's variety ramosa
(see Bull. Torr. Club, xix. 92), when grown in a
nursery side by side become indistinguishable.
CACTI AND SUCCULENTS.
PLANTS $ 100
AGAVE americaua milleri $6 0"
ameneana variegata 6 00
dese ti Eng 50 00
ferox 100 00
GilbeyiHort 50 00
heteraeantba(lecheguilla) 20 00
Margaritas 60 00
maculata (Texana) 15 00
Parryi. handsome regular form 50 00
Shawii, dark green, compact foliage 30 00
stricta 20 00
univittata 25 00
Victoria Reginae— large, 25c per Tb 18 00
ALOE variegata 40 00
ANHALONIUM Engelmanni 30 00
Lewinii 12 00
prismaticum 20 00
Williamsii . 15 00
A^TROKHYTUM myriostigma 30 00
CERfc&US Berlandieri 8 00
C8espitosus:Lace cactus 8 00
chloranthus 15 00
cochal 40 00
colubrinus cuts 20 »
cinerascens 20 00
dasyacanthus .'.'..'...'........!... fi() 00
deficiwns . .. . 40 00
Em jryi: Velvet cactus 15 oO
Entfeim-inni . ... 25 00
enneacanthus 10 00
Fendleri '/.'.V.V...V.V.....V...'. 50 00
gemmatus 25 00
giganteus "* ".'.'.'".lOO 00
pummosua: Pitahya agria U0 00
raanrimiis 75 00
Mojaverisis ....'.... .'. 5000
peetinatns Eng 12 00
polyacanthus '.".. .. 60 00
proenmbens 8 oo
Pringlei... 2K> 00
rigidissimus: Rainbow cactus 20 00
stramineus 15 00
triangulai is: strawberry pear ;s 00
tuberosus '2 00
variabilis 20 00
viridittorus ... 25 00
eruca Brandegee 100 00
COTYLEDON attenuata 00
Californica 3 00
edulis 10 00
laoceolata, reddish flowers 7 00
linearis Greene 12 00
orbicutata 20 00
pulvernlenta 10 00
secunda glauca 2 00
DIONJEA mu^eipula: Venus fiv trap ... 5 00
ECHIMOCACTUS bicolor Gal...* 15 00
brevihnmatus EngfTmann 15 <'0
capricornis 25 00
ccptonogonus Lcmaire . 25 00
cornigerus DC 20 00
crispatus 50 00
cylindraceus Engelmann 40 00
horizonthalonius Lem 20 00
Lecontei Eng.. 25 00
longehamatus Ga' 25 00
McDowellii Kebut 60 00
Orcuttii Eng 30 00
polycephalus Eng. 75 00
ScheeriSalm 12 CO
s^tispinu^ Eng 8 0d
texens s Hpfr 12 00
Trollieti Rebut 40 00
viridesc^ns Nutt 12 00
Wielizeni Eng* 25 00
Wri^htii Eng 50 00
Echinopsis Eyriesii 25 00
Mulleri 9 00
multiplex 25 00
FUR('RJEA cubensis 9 00
GASTEHIA, Unnamed sorts 20 00
MAMMILLARIA Arizonica 80 00
applanata 8 00
be=!uini 20 00
Candida.. . 2<> 00
eornifera 15 00
echinus 5 00
Goodridgii Scheer 5 00
Grabamii 10 00
Halei Brandegee 100 00
laseiacantha (plumosa) 10 00
(dPiiudata) 15 00
rnacromeris I s °0
meiacantha • 8 JO
minima 15 00
leona 15 00
micromeris . 15 00
Greagii 15 00
phellosperma: tetrancistra 50 00
pusilla Texana. 8 00
tuberculosa: strobiliformis 15 00
nivea 5° 00
pyenaenntha 40 00
spinosissima ™ 00
elegans: supertexta ^5 00
uncinata "'? °. ( ;
NOP \LEA sp. South America 25 0)
OPUNTIA basilaris 2 £ [J
bernardina |; p, }' '
chloroica... r on
En^lmanni in nn
echinocarpa « nn
frutescens: leptocaulis °
pro ifera:chollas <* no
serpentina ° £>
subulata «™ w
The West American Scientist.
tuna: S vara, (cuttings) 9 00
tesaellata: ramosisslma 25 00
Latifrons: Queen cactus
PILOCEREUS Sargentianus Orcutt 90 00
fossulatus 25 00
senilis: Old man cactus 20 00
RH1PSALIS 2 sp..
ROCHE A falcata
STAPELIA variegata: Toad cactus
-tr-ir' Prices on application.
Erythea armata (Brahea glauca). ^ lb $2 00
edulis, Guadalupe Island palm. " 2 00
Washingtonia filitera " 1 00
robusta " 2 50
Sonora?, a new Mexican palm " 4 0U
Phoenix canariensis ^100 seeds: 50
^^Correspondence invited about other sorts.
Emmenanthe p^nd iliflora, yellow bells
Mina lobata $8 pe r lb
R mneya Coulteri
Dendromecon rigidum: Tree poppy
'^We have handied hundreds of varieties of
seeds of which the above are a few specialties. 5
Allium haematochiton Watson: fine $ 1 00
Amaryllis formosissim a
Behria tenuiflora [ 7 ' 00
Bloomeria aurea: rich yellow flowers! ..... 1 50
Clevelandi Watson: delicate lemon 3 00
Brodiaea capitata: large heads, lavender. 1 00
ca-pitata alba: charming, pure white. 2 40
congesta: violet purple, 2 to 3 ft. high.' 1 50
coccinea: Vegetable fire cracker 2 25
grandiflora: dark waxy purple, showy. 1 00
lxioides (Caliproa lutea): yellow, pretty 1 00
lactea: white banded with green 100
laxa (blue milla, Ithuriel's spear): blue 1 00
minor: fine royal purple umbels 2 25
multiflora: umbels of violet flowers.. 1 50
Orcuttii: lavender colored fls 5 00
peduncularis: waxy porcelain white 2 25
stellaris rich purple, white centers... 1 50
terrestris: royal purple, 2 inches high.. 2 25
volubihs: Twining hyacinth, climbing 4 50
mixed varieties $6 per 1000 90
Calochortus albus: Fairy Bell, pearly w ' 1 80
Benthamii: open cup-shaped flowers... 2 25
Gunnisom: light lilac, purple banding 10 00
• Howellii" (apiculatus) : white, 2 feet
r, hiSh A -. 6 00
Kennedyi: magnificent dazzling scarlet 30 00
Leichtlmii: much like Nuttallii 3 00
longibarbatus: fine purple, a foot high.
luteus: yellow fls, dotted with brown..
v. concolor: large bright yellow flowers
lilacinus: lilac shading to purple, fine.-,
macrocarpus: large purple flowers...
maweanus: white, silky blue hairs, fine
nitidus: purple and green fls, flexuoux.
nudus: dwarfish in habit, purple fls....
Nuttallii: large white fls, green banded
Palmeri: a rare and beautiful sort
pulchellus: star tulip, pendant flowers.
splendens: lavender color
v. atroviolacea: purple, with red spots.
venustus oculatus: finely marked fls...
venustus purpurascens: purple centers
venustus citrinus: lemon yellow
venustus roseus: creamy inside
Weedii: orange butterfly tulip, fine ...
Tolmiei: very large white pendant fls..
flavus (Cyclobothra flava): golden shell
Plummerae (Weedii purpurascens)
Purdyi Greene: pale lilac fls, new
flexuosus: lilac fls, a fine butterfly tulip
Baylardianus: drooping purple and yel.
mixed varieties, choice selections
Cusickii: purple giant, great novelty...
esculenta: dark blue fls, edible bulbs...
Chlorogalum angustifolium, dwarf size..
parvifolium and pomeridianum, each...
Erythronium grandiflorum (giganteum). .
grandiflorum minor, yellow flowers
Hartwegii, large yellow fls, beautiful..
Hendersonii, pink fls, center blackish..
montanum, 3 to 4 large pure white fls..
Howellii, white turning pink, Oregon..
Smithii, white fls turning purple
purpurascens, rare and beautiful
Freesia refracta alba: seed $3 per lb
biflora: chocolate lily, white, purple fls
coccinea: much like recurva, pretty fls
lanceolata, curious mottled coloring —
v. gracilis, nearly black, pretty
lilacea, white, otherwise like biflora —
pudica, charming yellow or orange fls.
recurva, scarlet bell-shaped flowers —
Hesperocallis undulata, desert lily.......
Leucocrinum montanum, delicate white.
Lilium Bolanderi, Oregon, quite rare yet
Columbianum, like dwarf Humboldtii..
Humboldtii, orange, with black spots..
maritimum, blood red flowers
pardalinum, red and orange
v. minor, canary yellow, spotted fls....
v. Bourgaei, lustrous fiery red
Parryi, delicate lemon yellow, fragrant
parvum, scarlet spotted with brown —
rubescens, opens white, very fine
Washingtonianum, white, very fragrant
Muilla maritima, small whitish flower...
Richardia Africana, calla
Trillium sessile californicum
ova+um, white, turning to wine purple.
Zygadenus Fremontii, creamy white fls..
paniculatus, stouter and taller
C. R. Orcutt, Orcutt, California.
3 1 1
THE WEST AMERICAN SCIENTIST.
Charles Russell Orcutt, Editor,
Orcutt, Cal., U. S. A.
Price 10c a copy; $1 a year; $10 for lite.
EfBH H| l &*$•$:& BBS MBWI
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