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Full text of "Western 1741-1834, Warren 1834-1891, Massachusetts. An account of the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the incorporation of the town of Warren, September 7, 1891, including the founding and growth of a New-England town"

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REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEa\LOGY CCLLECTiON 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01068 8643 



WESTERN 1741-1:^^. WAKWFN iB44-'-9'. 



MASi>AC}:iSl:TTS. 



AN AccoiNr Or Tin: 



ONE HUNDRlD and FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY 



OF Till; IXCOiU OKATION- OK THE 



TOWN OF WARREN, .^ 



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SEnT:.\Bnk 7, i»9i, 



THE FOUNDING AND GROWTH OF A 
NEW- ENGLAND TOWN, 

By iloN. SOLOMON H. STEDHIXS 

OF BOSTON. 



CIIAS. \V. EDDY, 

\VA R t . .M .\ S S . 



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Stcbbins, Solcmo- Bliss. •'^:^f^- 

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*' Those ZL'ards called townsJiips i)i ]\^e~^ Evglajid 
are the vital principle of their governjnoits^ and 
have proved themselves tJtc ~visest i?ivention ever de- 
vised by the vcit of ?nan for the perfect exercise of 
self -gov er7ivicnt ^ and for its preservation.'" 

TiioNfAs Jefferson. 



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WARREN'S CELEBRATION. 



A T the Annual Town Meeting held in Warren 
^ (Mass.), April 7, 1890, Mr. Harlan P. Bliss 
moved that '• the town observe the one hundred 
and fiftieth anniversary of its incorporation; that 
the sum of two hundred and fifty dollars be raised 
and appropriated for the expenses of the occasion; 
and that the chair appoint a committee of five to 
carry into etfect the foregoing resolves, and make 
all necessarv arranffements." This motion, havingf 
been made under an article inserted in the town 
warrant by the Selectmen at the request of Mr. 
Bliss, was put to vote and carried unanimously, and 
the chair appointed as a committee, Mr. Harlan P. 
Bliss, Rev. David ^Moyes, Mr. C. O. Walker, Rev. 
Putnam Webber, Rev. O. I. Darling. 

The gentlemen above named met June 4th, and 
ororanized bv choosing;' ]Mr. Bliss Chairman, and 
Rev. Mr. Darling Secretary. At this meeting a 
canvass was made for Orator of the Day, and the 
Chairman and Secretary were authorized to confer 
with Hon. Solomon B. Stebbins of Boston (a 
native of Warren). 

On March 17, 1891, the Committee met and 
reported that Mr. Stebbins would- deliver the 
address if the celebration could be deferred to 
Labor Day (September 7th). This date was 



I'i / r 



agreed upon, and the tollowing persons were re- 
quested to serve on sub-committees and other- 
wise: — 

Toast Master. — Mr. D. W. Shepard. (Mr. Shepard 
declining, his place was filled bv Dr. J. W. Hastings.) 

Committee ox Music. — Miss Ella M. Wentworth, Mr. 
Herbert A. Messinger, Mr. C. O. Walker. 

Committee ox Decor atioxs. — Mr. George L. Butler, 
Mr. Henry S. Howe, Mrs. Maude N. Aborn, Mr. F. J. 
DeLuce, Mr. William S. Tisdale. 

Committee ox Relics axd Axtiquities. — Mrs. Julia M. 
Hitchcock, jMr. Herbert Carpenter, ]Mrs. ]Marv M. Richardson, 
Mrs. Ida C. Marsh, Mr. J. E. Lombard, jMr. Chas. D. Keyes. 

CoMMiTTfJE ox Prixtixg AXD IxviTATioxs. — Mr. Daniel 
G. Hitchcock, Mrs. Lottie E. Demond, ]Mr. George P. Aborn. 

Due preparations having been made b}' these 
committees, an invitation in the following form was 
sent to all natives and former residents of the town 
whose names and addresses could be obtained: — 

Warkex, ]NL-\ss., August lo, 1S91. 
The Committee on Invitations requests the presence of 
natives of the town, former residents and their descendants, at 
the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the incorporation 
of the Town of Warren, Massachusetts, September seventh, 
eighteen hundred and ninetv-one. 

Public exercises at 10.30 a.m. in the 

Congregational Church. 

Dinner at 1.30 p.m. in the Town Hall. 

Special invitations were also sent to the Governor 
of the Commonwealth., to the two L'nited States 
Senators, to our State Senator and Representatives 



from this district, also to the Chairman of Select- 
men of the towns of Pahiier, Ware, Brookfield, 
West Brookfield, and Brimfield, and to ex-Repre- 
sentative George K. Tufts, Esq., of New Braintree, 
and Jesse Allen, Esq., of Oakham, who assisted in 
passing the Act which was found necessar}- to 
enable the town to appropriate money for its 
anniversary. Senator Haggerty was also instru- 
mental in securing a reconsideration of this matter 
in the Senate after it had once been nesratived. 

The morning of the anniversary began with 
clouds and rain, but promptly at seven o'clock the 
day was ushered in by the ringing of all the bells 
in the two villages of Warren and West Warren, 
the whistle of the Knowles Steam Pump Works 
joining in the salute. 

Across the main street, between the Town Hall 
and church where the oration was to be delivered, 
two huge flags were suspended, having between 
them a gauze banner inscribed with the names 
''Western" and "Warren,'' and the dates of incor- 
poration and change of name. 

A park concert by the Warren Cornet Band 
was given in the Pavilion at nine o'clock, at which 
time the loan collection of relics and antiquities 
at G. A. R. Hall was opened for one hour. At 
half-past ten the exercises at the Congregational 
Church were to begin; and, despite the'rain which 
still continued to fall, though not as heavily as at 
first, the building was crowded with an audience 



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composed of townspeople, old residents, and dis- 
tinguished guests. Handsome souvenir programmes 
were distributed to all present, a copv being given 
below: — 

pr^GGr^ji? 09 one D/ry. 

Ringing of Town Bells, at 7 a. m. 

Park Concert bv Warren Cornet Band, at 9 a. m. 

Exercises in Congregational Church, at 10.30 a. m. 

— ■ —— -^ 

1. Organ Prellde, Coronation March. Meyerbeer. 

Herbert A. Messinger. 

2. Festival Hy.mn {Buck), Anniversary Chorus. 

3. Scripture Reading, Rev. Putnam Webber. 

4. Prayer, Rev. D. Olin Clark. 

5. Hail, Festal Day {Rossini), Anniversary- Chorus. 

6. Address of Welcome, Chairman Anniversary Committee. 

Harlan P. Bliss. 

7. Address and Introduction of the Orator of the Day. 

Rev. Olney- I. Darling. 

S. Historical Address, Hon. Solomon B. Stebbins. 

9. To Thee, O Country- {Eichbcrg), xVnniversary- Chorus. 

10. Poem, Miss Nellie M. Com ins. 

11. Anniversary Hymn (Original), Tune, Duke Street. 

For life and health and dailv bread. 
The common blessinjjs full and free 

Along our path like sunshine shed, 
Father, accept our thanks to thee. 

And darker davs and graver skies 

We know conceal thy loving face; 
For all thy gifts our songs ^hall rise. 

Like incense, in this sacred place. 

From out the past thv mercies shine 
To show thv future blessings sure; 

Father, we know that light divine 
To endless ages shall endure. 

Let organ peal and human voice 

Pour forth their praise to Him abo\e, 

While Nature cries, •■ Rejoice, rejoice! 
Now and forever God is Love." 

12. Benediction, Rev. Harris G. Hale. 



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Dinner at Town Hall, at 1.30 p. m., followed by toasts and 

speeches by citizens, former residents, and distinguished 
guests. 

Music, Messinger's Orchestra. 

The Loan Collection of Relics and Antiquities, 

open to the public at G. A. R. Hall, 9 to 10 a. m., and 
12.30 to 1.30 and 4 to 6 p. m. 

Park Concert by West Warren Cornet Band, at 7 p.m. 
Illumination and Fireworks, at 8 p. m. 

The oration by Hon. Solomon B. Stebbins was 
as follows : — 

THE FOUNDhNG AND GROWTH OF A NEW- 
ENGLAND TOMN. 

In the history of communities, as in the lives 
of individuals, there come periods when the sons 
and daughters are invited home to celebrate some 
golden anniversary. Thrice golden is the event 
which the citizens of this town in their corporate 
capacity have met to commemorate. With greet- 
ings royal we are welcomed home to renew the 
friendships of the olden da^ys. With hearts made 
tender by your welcome and by the memories of 
the past, we join with you in celebrating the one 
hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the birth of a 
New-Eno^land town. 

A careful observer of American forms of 2:ov- 
ernment, Alexis de Tocqueville, has said of the 
New-England township that '* it was the nucleus 
round which the local interests, rights, and duties 
so collected and clung that it gave scope to the 



8 



activities of a thoroughly democratic and repub- 
lican Hie. Its local assemblies of freemen — the 
town meetings — were to liberty what primary 
schools are to science: they brought it within the 
people's reach; they taught men how to use and 
enjoy it; and even while the American colonies 
still recognized the supremacy of the mother 
country, the republic was already established in 
every township.'' 

It is the birthday of such a township that we 
meet to celebrate. Your committee of arrange- 
ments have honored me with the grateful task of 
gathering up for this famil\" reunion such facts of 
interest as the scanty records of the past may 
furnish or household traditions may have treasured. 

It is not my purpose, however, in the hour I 
shall detain you, to attempt an elaborate historical 
review of the events attending the growth of the 
town, but rather to summon before you the early 
fathers, and let them, in the quaint language of 
their records, tell how they founded a town to 
secure local civil government and religious wor- 
ship, made provision for education, and contributed 
of their lives and substance in the heroic period 
which established the independence of the colonies. 

EARLY HISTORY. 

The territory of the town covers about six square 
miles, and was taken from the towns of Brookfield 



and Brimtield, and from a tract of land known as 
Kingstield or the Elbows, which afterwards tormed 
the town of Palmer. It is known that the locality, 
from its ample hunting and fishing grounds, was a 
favorite resort and dwelling-place of the red men. 
Interesting vestiges of the aboriginals have been 
discovered from time to time, many of which have 
been preserved, and, by the. courtesy of the com- 
mittee having charge of the collection, will, with 
other relics and antiquities, be exhibited to-day. 

The tirst known white settler within the limits 
of the town was Solomon Keyes, in 1731. Other 
settlers soon followed, bearing the names of Read, 
Patrick, Ashley, Brown, Blair, Makepeace, Jones, 
Combs, Sheperd, Putnam, Beal, Dwight, Rice, 
Hayward, Chadwick, Parsons, Bliss, Davis, 
Gleason, Cutler, Lincoln. 

Of the descendants of these earlv settlers, some 

■J ? 

still reside in the town and honor us by their 
presence to-day. The population of the district 
had so increased that in 1740 measures were taken 
to secure authority to form a town government. 

On 'June 12 of that year, Noah Ashley and a 
considerable number of others presented a petition 
to the General Court setting forth their great 
distance from the places of public worship, and 
that they had supported a minister among them 
for some time, and therefore praying that they 
might be set off and erected into a separate 
township. 



lO 

Upon this petition it was ordered " that the 
petitioners serve a copy of the petition upon the 
towns interested, and for the towns to show cause 
why the same should not be granted." 

On the 25th of August of the same year, as it 
appeared that the towns had been served with 
copies of the petition, and that answer had been 
received from the town of Brimfield only, it was 
ordered '' that Joseph Wilder and William Lyon 
be a committee to repair to the places mentioned 
and view and report."' 

This committee subsequently reported: — 

Pursuant to an order of the General Court, passed in 
August last, upon the Petition of Ephraim Havward <?/ aL 
Inhabitants of the westerly part of the Towns of Brookfield, 
and of Brimfield and Kingsfield, so called, we the subscribers 
have attended the service therein mentioned, viewed the Land 
petitioned for, considered the circumstances of the Petitioners, 
and heard the Parties concerned ; and upon the ^vhole are of 
the opinion that the Land, together with the Inhabitants 
thereon, described in a Plan herewith presented, be set off and 
erected into a separate and distinct township, to lie in the 
County of Worcester. But inasmuch as the new Projected 
Town comes to the river in the County Road, where there is a 
Bridge called ^Market Bridge o\ er said river, — That the said 
New Town shall make and maintain the one half of said 
Bridge, and the town of Brookfield the other half. 



Consented to. 

J. Belcher, December 16, 1740. 



Joseph Wilder, 
William Lvon. 



M' V 



II 

Following the favorable report of the committee, 
the General Court, with the approval of the 
Governor, on the i6th of January, 1741, passed an 
Act incorporating the town of Western."^ 

This action was supplemented on the 19th of 
January by the passage of an order directing Noah 
Ashley, one of the principal inhabitants of the new 
township, to notify and warn the inhabitants of the 
said township to assemble and make choice of a 
town clerk and other town officers. 

ORGANIZATION OF THE TOWN GOVERNMENT. 

In pursuance of this order, the first town meeting 
was held on ^larch 8, 1741, when Noah Ashley 
was chosen moderator, ^Matthew Beal town clerk, 
and Solomon Keyes, Noah Ashley, Peter Rice, and 
Nathaniel Reed selectmen. 

THE FIRST MEETING-HOUSE. 

With the town srovernment thus orijanized, the 
people, in accordance with the almost universal ' 
practice of the New-England fathers, turned their 
attention to the erection of a meetinsr-house and 
the settlement of a minister. 

In those early days the affairs of the church 



♦In consequence of delavs to letters, caused by the similarity of the 
name of the town to that of Weston, an older town in Middlesex 
County, the General Court, on March 13, 1S34, in response to a petition 
authorized by the town, changed the name to '• Warren," although a 
petition had been presented the previous year, from Thomas Damon 
and thirty-three others, asking that the name should be changed to 
" Homer." 



12 



were managed in town meeting, and a week after 
the organization of the town ijovernment a meetinsf 
was held " in order to agree upon a meeting- 
house spot-'' No definite conclusion having been 
reached, the town, at a meeting held in October of 
the following year, voted " some suitable place to 
meet in to hear preaching." It was also voted " to 
build a meeting-house 40 ft. square on Comeys 
Hill." 

It was not until the followins^ year that the 
meeting-house site was definitely fixed upon. 

" At a meeting' legally warned and held in Western ye iSth 
day of April, 1743, voted Lieut. Solo Keyes ^loderator for said 
meeting — further voted ye sd meeting by adjournment to ve 
plcice called Corny hill and at ye place above mentioned called 
Corny hill on ye west side near the place called ye Stadd . . . 
namely on a napp of ground adjoyning to Comv hill . . . the 
particular spott is known by one chestnut tree on the west side 
of the napp and a little east of sd chestnutt tree there is two 
black oak staddles marked and the same spott att sd meeting 
by adjournment from ye Wido Howards House to this place 
and on this spott of ground and at this time voted this particular 
spott is & shall be the place for the meeting house to be built 
upon & here to remain.'' 

The locality of the meeting-house having been 
determined, the more serious work of its erection 
was entered upon. 

The town records at this time teem with votes 
relating to the material to be used in the construc- 
tion of the new place of worship. 

"At a town nieeting held in Western May ye second 1743. . 
Voted Solo Keyes Moderator. Voted to build a meeting 
house. . Voted ye sd Aleeting house should be built 45 feet in 



'I. -iO ;■■ ' 



13 

length & 35 feet in breadth and 20.} feet between the sill & 
plate. And further voted to rase three hundred pounds tenor 
money to carry on said building. Further voted that Mr Noah 
Ashley Lieut Solo Keyes & David Blair be a comitee to order 
and manage the aftairs in building the meeting house, to 
provide timber and slittwork and framing and drawing all 
ready to raise : Voted that ye Clapboards should be sawed 
quarter boards. Voted Thos Rich, Gershom Makepeace «S: 
Peter Rice be a committee to 2:)rovide the clapboards, Boards, 
Shingles & Nails for sd House & to have them ready atl ve 
spot heretofore voted. Further voted ye Nathan Reed with 
the com Keyes Ashley & Blair be impowered to sett a price on 
the work done by the dav by the people in carrying, on the 
building. 

" Att a meeting in \Vestern held ye 15 day of June 1743. 
Voted Solomon Keyes ^Moderator for sd meeting and further 
voted that Noah Ashlev 8c Hezekiah Marks provide 20 spike 
polls in order to raise the meeting house & further voted that 
Solomon Keyes & Noah Ashlev provide provisions and drink 
& voted sd Keyes and Ashlev thirtv pounds old tenor to be 
paid by a rate for sd provisions & drink for raising of the 
meeting house Sc voted to raise the meeting house on the place 
whare the timber now lyeth &: further voted att sd meeting that 
Mr Noah Ashley should have the privilige of setting the meet- 
ing house to face the south drawing or moveinfr the sills six 
feet north or west as hee thinks be^t : His allowing the town 
eight pounds out of his bilding for the raising. August ve 26 
day 1743. Att a meeting held in Western. Voted Gersham 
Makepeace ]Moderator for said meeting. Voted to chuse com- 
ity to inclose the meeting house on the outside and lav down 
the under flore. A'oted Lieut vSolomon Keves & Noah Ashlev 
&: Nathl Reed to be a comity to gitt sd work done & also 
winder frames and to have sash glass sett in woods for the 
meeting house." 

Services were held in the new building in about 
a year after its commencement, although pulpit and 
pews were not built till two vears later, and the 
whole work was not fully completed for many years. 



.'3l 

0"; 



.14 

The assignment of the seats of the meeting- 
house, which took place upon the completion of 
the building, was considered in those early days 
an important matter, requiring the services of the 
ablest men of the town properly to "• dignif}- " the 
seats and pews. On May 23, 1748, in town meet- 
ing, it was 

" Voted to chose a comittee to seat the body of seats and 
Pew ground. Voted Dea Bliss to be a comittee man. Dea 
Straton also in the same. Noah Ashley, Solomon Keyes, 
Peter Rice, David Blair, Gershom Makepeace, James Whit- 
comb, Ephraim Hayward, Nathll Reed, Thomas Rich. Voted 
that the comittee observe these three rules namely age of ^ 
persons, secondly the list from the time that the meeting house 
was built also the quallity of persons in seating the pews and 
body of seats above said. Voted further that when the co- 
mittee above sd have so setled the pews, that the men seated in 
the pews have forever and so entiteled to them. They there 
doing there proportionable part of the charge of finishing the 
sd pews and sids of the meeting house up to tlie girt also the 
galary stairs, each mans pew to pay the same equill charge of 
the whole charge above sd charge. Voted to dismiss' the 
meeting. Jershom Makepeace Moderator." 

The singers of the meeting-house also engaged 
the attention of the town more than a hundred 
yea^-s ago, when in town meeting it was solemnly 
" voted & granted to the singers in the town seats 
to sing in, and that it should be the two hind seats 
each side of the broad ally below in the body 
seats and that thev should be made into two lonsf 
pews, and it is expected that they will attend their 
duty in that part of worship." 



15 



THE FIRST MINISTER. 



With the meeting-house made sufficiently ready 
for occupation, the town sought anxiously for a 
minister, and on July 9, 1744, a town meeting was 
held, " in order to see whether the town will agree 
to keep a day of fasting and pra3'er to God for 
direction in calling a suitable person to the work of 
the ministry." 

After a careful consideration of the subject, the 
town voted to observe Thursday, July 19th, as such 
a day, and a committee was appointed to secure 
the attendance of six ministers from neighboring 
churches to assist the people of the town in the 
solemn work before them. The result of the 
deliberations was expressed at a town meeting held 
on the following day: — 

"At a town meeting in Western on the 20th day of July 
1744. To see whether the town will call Mr Isaac Jones to 
the work of the ministry in said town. Voted Capt Xoah 
Ashley Moderator for said meeting. Voted to give Mr Isaac 
Jones a call to setel among us in the work of the ministiy in 
the said- town. Voted to setel the sd Mr Isaac Jones in the 
work of the ministry in the sd town according to the usage 
and Custom, respecting worthy disslpline and instruction of 
the established non conforming churches of New England. 
Voted to give Mr Isaac Jones one hundred and twenty five 
pounds lawtul moncv for his setelment, the one half to be paid 
the said Mr Isaac Jones in one year after his ordination, and 
the other half in one year after the same. Voted to give 
Mr Isaac Jones thirtv seven pounds, ten shillings lawful money 
for his Sallery for the lirst vear after his ordination, and to add 
twentv five shillings lawful money, yearly after the first year 



i6 

till it makes up fifty pounds lawful money, as a sallery for the 
said Mr Isaac Jones. Voted Mr Samuel Bliss, Gershom 
Makepeace and Thomas Rich to be a comitee to represent 
the call the town has made to the sd ]Mr Isaac Jones. Noah 
Ashley Moderator for sd meeting. 

" Entered pr Matthew Beale Town Clerk." 

Mr. Jones accepted the call of the town and was 
ordained in January, 1745, as the first minister of 
the first CongreCTational church in the new town, 
and continued in that relation until his death in 
1784, a period of nearly forty years. 

That he was a beloved pastor, and honored 
by the people he served so well, the memorial 
stone erected in the village burial-ground bears 
witness: — 

" Sacred to the memory of the 

REV. IS.-VAC JONES 

who was almost forty years the faithful and affectionate pastor 
of Christ's Flock in this town. Employing at suitable times 
his lively powers in useful studies, in fervent prayer, in earnest 
preaching, in patlietic persuasion and improving discourse for 
the edification, comfort and salvation of his people. Supported 
by the i-eligion which he had long practiced and preached he 
died in faith and hope July 31, 17S4." 

The ordination on Thursday last in this church 
of the Rev. Harris G. Hale, the fourteenth suc- 
cessor of the first minister in the town, and the 
memorial exercises of to-day, make this beautiful 
September month doubly interesting to the church 
and society worshipping here. I am sure that I 
express the feelings of this audience and of the 



17 

people of this town, of whatever creed, when I 
wish for the new pastor and his congregation a 
union as long and useful as that made memorable 
in the inscription on the tombstone of the first 
pastor in the old cemetery. 

The relations of the Congregational society and 
town were closely identified until 1824, when the 
town refused to provide for the ministers salary, 
and a few years later, after controversy, relinquished 
all claim upon the. meeting-house. The churches 
in the town at the present time are : the Congre- 
Sfational, alread\- described; the Universalist, origan- 
ized in 1815; the Methodist, organized in 1852; 
the Catholic, organized in 1872. 

EDUCATION. 

The early records of the town show that the 
people of the sparsely settled locality were not un- 
mindful of the cause of education. On September 
9, 1743, the town voted £^40 for '■' scooling." On 
February ii, 1744, it was voted to hire two 
months' schooling. On November 4, 1745, it was 
voted to "bouild a scool house, and voted that sd 
house shall be twenty feet in length and seventeen 
feet in bredth and a dutch chimney att each 
end of sd house. And voted to hire three months 
schooling." On P^bruary 12, 1749, it was voted 
to build three schoolhouscs, and on November 9th 
of the same \ear £80 was appropriated for schools. 



'[') 



Similar appropriations followed in succeeding 
years. During the later years of the town's history, 
the citi'zens, realizing that a good system ol public 
education under proper supervision, with commo- 
dious and well-\-entilated sehool-buildings, gives 
prestige to a town, have, with wise and liberal 
action, made ample provision for the education ot 
their children. The High-School building, erected 
upon the site of the Qiiaboag Seminary, is worthy 
of especial mention, — not only for the higher 
course of education provided there, but also lor 
the architectural htness of the structure. 

Of the 351 cities and towns in the State, Warren 
stands thirty-ninth in the percentage of taxable 
property appropriated for the support of public 
schools; while of the 59 cities and towns of Wor- 
cester County, Warren stands seventh in the like 
percentage, sixteenth in the average attendance, 
and nineteenth in the amount appropriated for 
each scholar. 

Closely allied to the cause of education is the 
system of free public libraries throughout the State. 
The library of this town, founded and managed by 
an association of public-spirited citizens, affords 
special priyileges to the children in the public 
schools. The library building, recently erected 
and handsome in its proportions, bears over its 
entrance the legend " Open to All." 



19 



THE REVOLUTIONARY PERIOQ. 

The controversy between Great Britain and her 
American colonies in the years immediately pre- 
ceding- the Revolution stirred the people of 
Massachusetts to a remarkable degree. It was here 
that the claim of the British Crown and Parliament 
of the right to impose a system of unjust taxation 
upon the colonies met widi the most determined 
opposition. The port of the town of Boston had 
been closed, the people humiliated and reduced to 
want for their resistance to the oppressive and 
odious measures of Parliament. 

It was then that the people, even while profess- 
ino- lovaltv to their sovereign, became so enkindled 
with the love of liberty that every encroachment 
upon their rights only hastened the great struggle 
which resulted in American independence. 

The records of the town during this eventful 
period reflect the highest honor upon the inhabit- 
ants. Among the important votes passed was that 
of January 17, 1774. . 

At a legal Town meetin;^ of the inhabitants of the town of 
Western the 17th day of January 1774. The inhabitants of 
said town takeing into consideration the plan or project of intro- 
duceing tea into the colinies by vertue of a late act of the Brittish 
Parliment to be disposed of by commissioners appointed by 
the East India Company subject to tlic payment of a duty in 
America, and other acts of the like nature, are of opinion that 
tliev are a verv great infringement on their rights and priviliges 
and threaten them with bondage and Slavery. Therefore 
resolved that the disposal of their own property is the inherent 



20 



right of freemen and cannot be taken from them withont their 
consent. 

2 Resolved tliat the duty imposed by Parliment on tea 
landed in America, is a tax on the American without their 
consent, tlierefore unjust and unrighteous. 3 Resolved that it 
is their opinion that the said Parhment have as just a right to 
tax their houses, lands &c as to impose a duty on Tea payable 
in America, and if the duty on tea and other things of the same 
nature should be quietly submitted into, we have no reason to 
expect but that in a short time, our houses, lands, &c, will be 
taxed, which will reduce us to the greatest degree of bond.ige 
and slavery. 4 Resolved that it is the duty of every American, 
resolutely to oppose said plan and every other artifice of the like 
nature. 5 Resolved that we will not knmvingly encourage or 
promote the consumtion of any such tea whatsoever subject to a 
duty in America but all persons who shall be concerned in the 
use of the same shall be viewctl by us as enemies to there 
countrv and treated as such. 6 Loyalty and true allegiance to 
His Majestv King *George the third, we heartily and sincerely 
profess and will veald a chcarfull and ready obedience t(j all 
just laws, and a hearty friendship with our mother country we 
wish mav be continued till time shall be no more — but our 
just rights and priviliges for which our forefathers indured the 
greatest hardships and many of them sacritised their lives, we 
cannot give up and submit to be Bondmen and slaves : but are 
determined to defend with the greatest vigor & resolution which 
is as we apprehend almost the universal sentiment of every 
freeman in America. The foregoing resolves being several 
times read in town meeting, the same was voted and accepted 
unanimously. Also voted that the above resolutions and pro- 
.ceedings of this town be recorded in the town l.^ook and a copy 
thereof be transmitted by the town clerk to the committee of 
corrispondence in Boston. 

Recorded pr 

Sim. Dwigiit Town Clerk. 

Diliofent must be the student of history to dis- 
cover anywhere in the annals of the great struggle 
atjainst the tyranny of the English goyernment 
declarations more resolute or more patriotic. 



21 

Mark how in these resolves the early fathers of 
this town stated the underlying principles of the 
Declaration of American Independence. Pardon 
me if I seem to dwell upon and give importance 
to this period of the town's history. As T have 
read over and over her records during the years 
of the Revolution, my heart has been made to 
glow with love for my native town, and my mind 
filled with wonder that these early settlers, few in 
numbers, and struggling with difficulties common 
to the growth of new settlements, were able to 
devote so much of their all to the cause of liberty. 

The year 1774 was one of great trial to the 
people of Massachuse'tts. The coercive enact- 
ments of Parliament, intended for their subjugation, 
aroused a more firm resolution, in the lan2:ua£:e of 
Warren, '•*' to preserve their freedom or lose their 
lives in defence of it.'' The members of the Gen- 
eral Court met in Concord, and, under the name 
of a Provincial Congress, prepared a plan for the 
defence of the province. Orders were issued for 
calling into service a body of men to be ready, at 
a mi /inters vjaniing'^ to. appear in arms. 

The yeomen of this town had alreadv anticipated 
this important action of the Provincial Congress: — 

At a Town meeting of the inhabitants of the town of West- 
ern, September 19, 1774. Made choise of Majr Makepeace, 
Capt James Stone, Dea. Solo Rich, Mr. John Patrick & Capt 
Putnam as a committee of correspondence. Also voted that 
there be a number of men raised to be at a minutes warnins" 



22 



to goe on an\' extrioitlinaiy enimergency. Also voted that if 

said men be called to serve that tliev shall be paid three 

shillings per dav for one Aveek they finding themselves if so 

long detained in service. Also voted that after the first week 

their ^\"ages be left to the descrition of the town. Also voted 

that Capt Putnam, Lieut Bascom & Lieut Keves draught forty 

men which will accept said service. Also those men who 

received amunition of the town stock in the late alarm, return 

the same or that quantity. 

Entered by 

Sim Dwight Town Clerk. 
All honor to the patriots of Warren! 

The incoming of a new year found the people 
ready to meet in town meeting, and with the fol- 
lowing good resolutions they observe the day: — 

" At a legal Town meeting of the Inhabitants of the town 
of Western on Monday the 2nd day of Januarv A. D. 1775. 
I ]Made choice of Simeon Dwight Moderator. 2 Voted to 
allow Major Makepeaces account of his attendance at the 
Provincial Congress being seven pounds one shilling. 3 Voted 
to allow said ]\Likepeace twelve shillings for his attendance at 
the count}- congress. 4 Granted ^vfajr Stone twelve shillino-s 
for his attentiance at the county congress. 5 Voted that the 
towns money which was granted and assessed on the town as 
Province taxes for the years 1773 «!*v: ye year 1774 be paid to 
Henry Gardner Esq, appointed Receiver General to be paid 
to said Gardiner by the constables of said town ^^ the towns 
conmiittee. 6 Voted to indemilie the present Assessors for 
not making a return of the sums of monev assessed and the 
names of the constables to whom it was committee to collect, 
to Harrison Gray, Esq former Treasurer. 7 Voted to accept 
and adhere to wdiat the Continental Congress have recom- 
mended. S Voted to conform and strictly adhere to what the 



Provincial Congress have recommended. 9 Voted that five 
men be chosen as a Committee of inspection to oversee our 
present affairs. 10 !Made choice of Simeon Dwight one of 
said Committee. - ' 

"15 Voted that there be a donation collected for the Poor 
people of Boston & Charleston. 16 Voted to choose a com- 
mittee to receive said donations. !Made choice of Lieut 
Bascom, Dea Rich, Capt Putnam, Mr John Patrick &. Lieut 
Reuben Read for said committee. Voted that said committee 
have liberty to dispose of what may be given as a donation if 
they can do it to the advantage of said poor &. send them the 
effects. Also voted to adjourn the meeting to ^Monday the 16 
day of this instant at one of the 'clock in the afternoon. 

" 23 ^let according to adjournment. !Made choice of Simeon 
Dwight to represent the town at the Provincial Congi^ess to be 
held at Cambridge on the first daV of Februarv next &c. 

" 24 Voted to allow the minutemcn a reward. 25 Voted to 
the minutemen ninepence for each half day three and a half 
hours to be accounted for half a day, for 16 half days to be 
spent in military exercises. 26 Voted to allow two com- 
mission officers one sliilling & sixpence for half a day. Voted 
that the number of minutemcn be thirty exclusive of said 
officers. 26 Voted that the said 16 half days be employed in 
military exercises before the first day of ]May next. 27 Voted 
that the said minutemen in order to intitle themselves to the 
above mentioned reward equip themselves with armes and 
amonition agreeable to tlie recommendation of the late Provin- 
cial Congress. 2S Voted that they equip themselves in three 
weeks and keep themselves so equipped. 29 Voted that 
^Major Keyes, Lieut Reuben Read and Lieut Cyrus Rich be a 
committee to inlist said minutemen. 30 Voted that the said 
minutemen sign an inlistment agreeable to that agreed upon 
by the town of Northampton which is as followeth vi : We 
the subscribers, souldiers inlisted from the militarv companv 
within the town of Western and organized into a companv 



24 

called a minute company do solemly covenant & engage that 
we will as soon as possible be provided and equipt with an 
efiective fire arm cartouch box or bullet pouch, thirty round 
of powder and ball & a knapback and that we will exert our 
best abilities to acquire the art mililarx , that we will yeild a 
ready obedience to the commands of our officers and hold 
ourselves in readiness to march up on the earliest notice from 
our commanding officers and hazard our lives in resisting any 
armed force that shall attempt by force to put into execution 
the late revenue acts for altering the Constitution of this Prov- 
ince, should any such attempt be made between thi-s time and 
the first day of July next." 

Events now rapidly culminate. Minute-men of 
the town are learning the art of war; while others, 
in the meeting-house< the \illag-e tavern, the stores 
and shops, discuss the justice of their cause, and 
await tidings from the'committee of correspondence. 

The winter passes away. The supreme moment, 
so anxiously waited for by the great leaders of the 
colonists in ^Massachusetts, is at hand. Will the 
people obey the call to arms? Will they die in 
defence of their rights? 

On the iSth of April there flashed from the 
belfr}- of the old North Church in the beleaguered 
town of Boston the signal lights which gave warn- 
ing of the movement of the British troops to cap- 
ture the stores of the colonists at Concord. Then 
it was that messengers were despatched, not onl}' 
to Concord, but throughout the colony, to alarm 
the inhabitants, and call out the minute-men. 

" The fate of a nation was riding that nioflit." 



The story of the fig^ht between the farmers of 
Lexington and Concord and the British troops, 
and the rapid gathering of the minute-men around 
Boston, is a tamiliar one. 



"In the books vou have read 

How the British regulars tired and fled, 
How the farmers gave them ball for bjill 
From behind each fence and farmyard wall."' 

The leaders of the colonists in ^Massachusetts 
had been answered, and the Revolution was begim. 

The people of Warren welcomed the alarm of 
the midnight messenger -bearing the news of the 
movement of the British troops. From the hills 
and vallevs of the town the minute-men and many 
of the militia with their arms and equipments 
srathered for a forced march to Boston. One com- 
panv, of fortv-three men, under Captain Reuben 
Read, left on 'the 20th; and another company, of 
twenty-five men, under Captain Josiah Putnam, 
left on the following day. The terms of service of 
these men varied from five to twenty-five days. 
Many of them, however, re-enlisted and formed 
part of the town's quota on subsequent calls. 

The union of the colonies and the calling into 
service of an armed force by the Continental Con- 
gress, in opposition to the enforcement of the 
oppressive Acts of the British Parliament, made 
necessary some declaration to the world by the 



: j i ■ 



26 

American people of their ultimate purpose in the 
sri'eat contest in which thev were enofaofed. 

Following the battle of Lexington and Concord 
and that of Bunker Hill, b}- various assemblies and 
conventions resolutions were considered looking to 
the severance of all allegiance to the British 
Crown. 

Such action was taken by the General Court of 
Massachusetts in the following resolve, passed on 
May lo, 1776: — 

" Resolved, as the opinion of this House, that the inhabit- 
ants of each town in the Colony ought, in full meeting warned 
for that purpose, to ad^■ise the person or persons who shall be 
chosen to represent them in the next General Court, whether 
that if the Honorable Congress should fur the safety of these 
Colonies declare them independent of the kingdom of Great 
Britain, they, the said inhabitants, will solemnl}- engage with 
their lives and fortunes to support them in the measure." 

This little town of Warren, whose birth we 
honor to-day, was among the first to act upon this 
important resolve. On ]May 2 2d, in town meeting, 
it was " voted to agree in what the Continental 
Congress resolves to in declaring independence 
with Great Britain and will risk our lives and for- 
tunes if called to it to defend our privilidges both 
of sivil and religious nature." 

The records of the town during the whole 
Revolutionary period bear witness to the fidelity 
and devotion of the people in responding to the 



27 

calls made for the enlistment of soldiers and the 
furnishing of supplies for the Continental army: — 

In 1775 there were 29 enlistments and re-enlist- 
ments; in 1777 there were 46 enlistments under 
Captain Jos. Cutler; in 1778 there were 13 enlist- 
ments and 9 drafted for nine months' service ; in 1779 
there were 4 enlistments, and 40 joined Captain 
Jos. Richardson's company for three months' service 
on the Hudson; in 17S0 there were 20 enlist- 
ments; in 17S1 there were 8 enlistments, "and 8 
others joined Captain Cutler's company for six 
months' service. 

On November 25, 1777, the town voted ''that 
the Standing Committee of Correspondence look 
up the order of the Great and General Court re- 
specting the inhabitants of each town finding things 
necessary for the Continental soldiers wives at the 
stated prices and act agreeable thereto.'' 

This vote was followed by a report from the 
selectmen and committee of correspondence, with 
a schedule of prices established by them as author- 
ized by law: — 

Western ye 4, 1777. We the subscribers Selectmen and 
Committee of corrispondence Sec of the town of Western being 
impowered and directed l>y a certain law of this state of 
the Massachusetts Bay entitled an act to prevent monopolv 
and oppression, to aprise divers articles .ennumerated in sd 
law in proportion to thobe sett in Boston and many others not 
therein innumerated have done the same in form and manner 
as followetli vis. Farming labor from the 20th June to the 



28 

20th August at 3s pr day, and at other seasons of the year ni 
the usial proportion. Tradsnien and mechanecks, masons 
excepted. Masons at 3/Sd pr day. Blacksmith work (vis) 
shoeing a hors all round with refined iron, steel corkd heal 
& toe 6/s. Shoeing as aforesaid with Bloom ' iron 5 /4d. 
Plain shoeing all round with refined iron4/Sd. Plain shoe- 
ing all round \\ ith Bloom iron 4/. • For setting a shoe 4d 
and other smith work in the usial proportion. Felt hats made • 
of good wool 6/S. Best Caster hatts 20s well made, and 
those of a meaner sort in that proportion. Good merchantable 
wheat at 6 / pr bushel, do Indian corn or meal at 3 / pr do. 
do Barley or unground malt at 3/6 pr bushel, do Oats at 
I /9 pr "bushel. Flaxseed clean and good at 6/ pr bushel. 
Good merchantable Sheeps wool at 2 / pr pound. Fresh 
pork good and well fatted at 4d pr pd. Salt pork middlings 
without bone 7d 2f pr pd. Best grass fed Beef at the rate of 
22s pr hundred. Best stall fed Beef at 3d 2f pr pound. Raw 
hides at 3d pr pd. Raw calf skins at 6d pr pd. Taned 
Leather at i /3d pr pd.* For taning sole Leather at ^d pr pd. 
For curr\ ing Leather in the usial proportion. Good imported 
Salt at 1 6s 6d pr bushel, do manufactured from sea water at 
iSs 6d pr bushel. Good west India Rum at Ss 3d pr gallon. 
Good west India Rum by the quart 2S 2d, and in the usial 
proportion for less quantities. Good New England Rum at 
5s id pr gallon, and in the Ui,ial proportion for less quantities. 
A mug of flip or todde with ^e pt of west India Rum iid. 
do do with do of New England Rum gd. ■ West India rum 
I gill at taverns 4d. New England rum i gill at taverns 3d. 
Oats by the 2 quarts or mess 3d. A good meal of boy led 
victuals Sd, and other meals in that proportion. Good inglish 
hay in sumer is 6d pr hundred. Good inglish hay in winter 
or 'spring 2s 6d. For keeping a horse at inglish hay one night 
IS 2d. For keeping a pair of oxen at inglish hay one night 
IS Sd. For keeping a horse by grass good feed one night or 
24 hours 7d. For keeping a pair of oxen one night or 24 
hours lod. Molasses by the gallon at 4s jd. Molasses in less 
quantities in the usial proportion. Best mascovado suger pr 
pd Sd }-2f. Suger of the inferier quality in the usial propor- 
tion. Chocolat at is Sd 2f pr p«^. Best cheese manutactoried 
in America pr pd 6d. Cheese of a meaner sort in proportion. 
Good butter pr pd 9d. Good butter pr the tub or firkin Sd pr 



29 

pd. Good .Pees pr bushel 6s / . Good Beans pr bushel 6s. 
Pertadoes, Spanish so called is pr bushel in the tall, do do in 
the spring is 6d. Good turnips in the fall Sd pr bushel. Best 
varn Stockings at 6s pr pair. And those inferior in that pro- 
portion. Mens shoes, neats leather, best sort at 7s 6d, and 
those of an inferior quality in proportion. For making a pair 
of shoes, mens or womans 2s 6d. Price of womans shoes, 
best 6s pr pair, and those of a meaner quality in the same 
proportion. Good cotton wool at 3s 9d pr pd. Good flax, 
well dressed at is pr pd. Good cot^ee at is 5d"pr pd. Good 
clean trved taller at Sd pr pd. Toe cloath yd wide 2s 3d pr 
vd. And other toe cloath in that proportion accordingly to 
its wedgth and quality. And other coarse linings in propor- 
tion. Flanel stripeil yd wide of a good quality at 3s 6d and 
other flanels of a less wedgth and quality in that proportion. 
Best mutten Lxxmb and Veal at 2s 2d pr pd. Good axes 
manufictoried in America midling for bigness Ss. Good 
Scythes at Ss pr peace. And we earnestly reccommend it to 
Sadlers, weavers. Coopers, Taylors, .and every tradesmen not 
before ennumerated to do their labour or sell their -\vares in the 
usial proportion to the prises which are sett on other articles, 
and we earnestlv reccommend it to traders and all other 
persons, strictly to the afore mentioned law as they regard the 
good of their country and would avoid the penalty of the law. 

Sl.MEOX DWIGIIT, 

Gershum Makepeace, Committee of Corrispondence 
James Stoxe, in the town of Western. 

Nathaniel Read, 

JosiAH Putnam, 

John Patrick, Selectmen of Western. 

Danforth Keves, 

Reuben Read, 

The foregoing is a true copy 

Attest JosiAH Putnam Town Clerk. 

The condition of the Continental army at Valley 
Forge during the memorable winter of 1777-7S 
marks one of the saddest periods in the great 



30 

contest. The march ot' the armv in the month of 
December was attended bv untold sutfering. The 
tracks of blood upon the snow and ice bore wit- 
ness to the absence of coverings for the feet. The 
soldiers, tattered and half-naked, were unfitted for 
service by hunger and cold. The hospitals were 
crowded, and relieved only bv death. In February, 
177S, four thousand of the troops lacked clothing 
to enable them to perform dutv. It was then, 
under the shadow of the darkest hour of the con- 
flict, that the people of this town met in town 
meeting, and, in language pathetic, on February 
26, 177S: — 

" Voted to do something for the rehef of ouv distrest 
breethering that have gone into the Continantal army againts 
our enemv." 

'' Voted to purcliase a pair of shoes, a pair of stockings and 
a shirt for eacli Continantal sokher that have gone from 
amongst us which are nineteen in number also two dollars in 
monev." 



Colonel Danforth Keyes was chosen to forward 
said clothing and money. 

As the ^var progressed, the difficulties attending 
the filling of the calls for men became intensified. 
The rapid depreciation of the paper currency so 
freely issued retarded the work of enlistment. 
Town meetings were frequent, bounties increased, 
and appeals urged that the demands made upon 
the town should be honored. 



31 

The subjoined action of a nieetin<^- held on 
January 29, 17S0, makes vivid the exertions put 
forth to complv with the requisitions for additional 
recruits for the army: — 

" Voted to give some iucoiirreilgnicnt to the solders that 
we now want to till the armv. Voted that this town will give . 
to each solder that will ingage for this town as one of our, 
quoto for three ^ears or during war to 111 our Continantiel 
army according to the order of Court tor the purpose, three 
hundred silver dollars or produce of the laud, or stock, such 
as cattle, sheep, c^c &c &c, or paper money to the value of 
said silver dollars as thev pass now among ous. \"oted that 
one hundred dollars shall be pade to each solder as above 
before he marches oft to camp, and one other hundred dollars 
to be pade in one vear after and the other hundred dollars to 
be pade at the end of three vears. Voted to ajoin the meeting 
to Landlord Cutlers next ]Mondav at twelve of the clock at 
noon, and that the wholl town training Bands and all should 
be warned to meet at the aforesaid time &: place. Tlien met 
according to an ajoinment Februarv ve ^ 17S0. ^'oted to 
ajoin this meeting for half an our to see if the men wonte turn 
out and then meet at this place, which accordingly was done. 
Then put to vote wheather we would give any more higher 
than hac been olTered before to the solders we now want, 
pased in the negative. Voted to rase one third of the mony 
that the town has promised to give the solders as a higher that 
we now ^vant. Voted to give the six months men that went 
out last summer ninty dubble. Then this meeting was 
dismissed." 

The summons to our early fathers has been 
faithfully obeyed; they have shown to us the 
record of their earnest lives, — how thev oroanized 



I)i0 



32 

a town, built a meeting-house, settled a minister, 
provided for the education ot" the children, and, 
above ail, with what devotion they espoused the 
cause ot' liberty. 

The inestimable value to the town and to history 
of these interesting records, which time will not 
permit me to review further, prompts me to ven- 
ture the hope that at no distant day a small appro- 
priation will meet with the unanimous approval of 
the people in town meeting assembled to provide 
for the printing of the first volume of the town 
records. 

The successful close of the great struggle for 
independence was everywhere greeted with rejoic- 
ings by the people. In ^Massachusetts the joy 
was for a time clouded by the outbreak of dis- 
content and rebellion, from which this town was 
not exempt. 

, The grievances of the people ardse from the 
great burden of public and private indebtedness 
growing out of the protracted war of the Revolu- 
tion, and the almost worthless paper currency. 

The towns were in debt for supplies furnished 
their soldiers, while the State had incurred a war 
debt of miore than six and a half millions of dollars, 
and, in addition, owed its officers and soldiers one 
and a quarter millions of dollars. 

Conventions called to consider the proper means 
of relief from the burdens under which the people 



•J * (r 



< r. 



suffered gave an opportunity for demagogues to 
promote discontent and win notoriety. An armed 
force of sixteen hundred men, under Daniel Shavs, 
met with summary punishment, and the rebellion 
was soon over. 

OTHER CALLS TO ARMS. 

During the French and Indian War the town 
responded to the calls made for men, and Solomon 
Keyes and his son George were killed on the expe- 
dition to Lake George in 1753. In the War of 
18 1 2 the town sent forward a company, which was 
returned by Governor Strong, its services not being 
required. 

The dedication, on the recent anniversary of 
American -Independence, of the beautiful granite 
memorial shaft on the village green, to commemo- 
rate the valor and patriotism of the soldiers of 
Warren during the war of the Rebellion, was made 
noteworthy bv the attendance of a larire number of 
the members of Grand Army Posts, and by the 
timely address of Colonel W. B. S. Hopkins of 
Worcester. The monument will stand as a part 
of the great contest for the perpetuity of the Union. 
Succeeding generations will read its inscriptions 
and be filled with gratitude for the sacrifices made 
and the glorious results achieved. The names of 
those who served in the war will ever be asso- 
ciated with that of the martyr President, Abraham 



i^,^ J 1 .; !. il:f.^ 



34 

Lincoln; with him they share the unending fame 

of the most beneticent act of all ages — the freedom 

of four millions of slaves. 

• The "minute-men" of 1775 opened the way for 

liberty and independence, while the ''boys in blue" 

of 1 86 1 won for the American people a nobler 

nationality. 

1791-1S91. 

Our New-England town, typical in its character 
and people, has in the first fifty years of its exist- 
ence more than doubled its number of inhabitants, 
and opens the century with the people prosperous 
upon their farms and in their shops. 

The manufactures of the town at this time con- 
sist of two grist-mills, one saw-mill, one scythe- 
shop, one fulling-mill, one forge, — using ore taken 
from the hill near at hand, — and the making of 
raw silk spun by silk-worms fed upon mulberry- 
trees grown in the town. 

The growth and prosperity of the town are fairly 
shown by its population and valuation at difierent 
periods. At the time of the incorporation of the 
town there were embraced within its limits about 
60 houses and 400 inhabitants. 

In 1763 the number had increased to 579, with 
92 houses and 100 families. 

In 1776 the population was S27; in 1790,899; 
in 1800, 979; in 1810, 1,014; in 1820, 1,112; in 



1786im 



35 



1830, 1,189; ^^ 1840, 1,290; in 1S50, 1,777; ^^ 
i860, 2,107;. ^^ 1S70, 2,625; in iSSo, 3,889; in 
1890, 4,681. . 

The valuation of the town for the purposes of 
taxation has been: In 1790, $6,938; in 1840, 
$444,834; in 1890, $2,389,038. 

What a wonderful growth do these figures show, 
from a hamlet of 400 inhabitants in 1741, to a busy, 
thriving town in 1890, containing 4,681 people, with 
industries upon every hand, with property bearing a 
taxable value of $2,389,038! 

Observe how during this period the dependent 
colonies, with less than three millions of inhabitants, 
have grown to a great nation of fortv-four tree and 
independent States, with a population of sixt\--three 
millions of people, having a foreign export trade of 
$884,000,000 and an import trade of $845,000,000. 
See the country covered with a network of 165,000 
miles of railway with a capital of $9,300,000,000, 
and earning annually $1,070,000,000, or greater 
than the annual revenue of the Government of the 
United States, and requiring for its operation no 
less than 32,000 locomotives, 25,000 passenger and 
1,100,000 freiorht cars. Aijain, observe the o-rowth 
of the country as shown by the telegraph system of 
the principal company, with 700,000 miles of wire 
in operation, sufficient to girdle the earth twent}'- 
eight times, and sending annually 56,000,000 mes- 
sages and earning $22,500,000. 



f\fl \\<Z> a J- 



36 

This rapid development of the material interests 
of the nation, attended by the great increase of 
wealth by individual ownership, is not without its 
dangers to the body politic. While it is true that 
capital is entitled to a fair return for its use, it is 
also true, in a higher degree even, that it bestows 
upon its possessor obligations which reach the 
most vital interests of the community, jand which 
with safety cannot be ignored. Other dangers 
arise with the steady flow from the crowded popu- 
lations of other lands, attracted hither by these 
great activities. While a welcome is extended to 
such as join in our citizenship, and, relieved from 
foreign allegiance, aid in carrying forward the 
work begun by the fouhders of the republic, the 
wisest statesmanship should be invoked to protect 
our free institutions from perils accompanying the 
presence of a people alien in their habits and 
obligations. 

Much of interest has been published from time 
to time illustrating the history and progress of the 
material interests of the town. 

In 1874 an interesting review of the town was 
published by your fellow-townsman, Rev. Olney I. 
Darling. The gazetteers of the State furnish valu- 
able information, as do the histories of the county 
of Worcester. The first of these histories is that 
by Rev. Peter W^hitney, published in 1790; this 
was followed in 1S79 by a more elaborate publi- 



37 

cation, in which the record of this town was con- 
tributed by Mrs. Eunice P. Cutter. In 1889 a still 
more comprehensive history of the county was 
published, which contained a carefully prepared 
history of Warren by William T. Davis. 

The meeting-house built by the fathers on 
yonder hill as a place of worship, and for holding 
meetings of the town, has given way to the com- 
modious structure in which we meet to-day. Other 
churches, with different creeds, have been organ- 
ized to aid. the people in their aspirations to nobler 
and diviner lives. Schools of a hisfh order take' 
the place of that kept in the tirst rude building, 
with its Dutch chimnev on each end. The homes 
of the people, once so plain,* nov/ betoken culture 
and prosperity. ]\Iarks Mountain and Cove's Hill, 
under the same blue sky as of yore, lift their heads 
in beauty over the town, shedding the rainfall 
adown their sloping fields into the river which 
winds its way so gracefully through the valley, 
aidinc^ industries that line its shores and brine' 
prosperity to the people. The early fathers with 
their minister sleep in the resting-place of the 
dead, leaving to succeeding generations examples 
of piety, industry, and patriotism, founded upon the 
principles of the Christian faith and an ardent love 
of countrv. 

Fellow-citizens, ever cherish the sacrifices, pietv, 
and intense love of liberty which animated the 



38 

founders of the town. Honor their memory by 
guarding with jealous care the civil government 
they here organized. Keep alive their spirit of 
devotion to public worship, founded on faith in 
God. Provide well for the public schools they 
established, for they are the sure basis of all that 
is highest and best in your civil and religious 
liberty. 

Men and women of Warren, a century and a 
half has passed over this New-England town. A 
new period filled with bright visions opens before 
you. Guided by the principles which animated 
the founders of the town, a higher prosperity and 
civilization await you, 

•" Such as earth saw never, 

Such as heaven stoops down to see." 



The original poem, which was read by the 
author, Miss Nellie M. Comins, follows: — 

The tides of life mav bear us away 

From the place of our birth, our home and kin ; 
Old ties may relax, new plans begin, 

The distance widen every day ; 

But now and then our thoughts return 

To happy memories of the years 

Before we felt these later fears, 
When life's great lessons were to learn. 

So, of the friend who to our heart 
Was nearest, truest, and best known. 
We think and wonder that we've grown 

In so few years so far apart. 



' ''.K 



39 



And when his birthday comes, we long 
Again the well-known voice to hear 
That once rang true upon our ear ; 

We find the old ties still are strong. 

We go to him, with him recall 

Our childhood's davs, and all seem fair 
As landscape in October air : 

The haze of time is over all. 

But when a birthday comes to her, — 
Our mother-to\vn, who years ago 
Saw all our youth, knows all we know 

Of pleasures past in days that were, — 

Her joy is ours ; from near or far 
We come, to let our presence show 
We realize how much we owe 

To her of all we have and are. 

Whatever honor we have gained 
Is hers, as we are hers. We can 
But grant that from her care began 

Whatever good we have attained. 

You, friends, who see it first to-day. 

May praise the town for many charms, — 
The busy shops ; the prosperous farms ; 

The fields o'er which the shadows play ; 

The stream which runs with ceaseless flow 
In winding curves or by the mills. 
Then, 'neath the shadow of the hills. 

Its waters onward, westward, go. 

The stranger who afar has seen 

Famed views of shore and frowning heights 
Savs he has found no fairer sights 

Than these, our hills and vallevs green. 



40 



To beautify what nature gave, 

Man's hands have worked. The buildings rise 

As tokens of his enterprise, — 
His love for learning — for the brave 

Who died for us that we might be 
A nation pure and whole and sound. 
Who never-dying honor found. 

Through death, to make their brothers free. 

To those who knew her not of old 
We give the right to criticise 
Or praise the village, hear what lies 

In future times for her foretold. 

From us no blame nor praise can fall, 
No more than in its mother's face 
A child its charms for him can trace ; 

She is our mother, that is all. 

Not all our love goes out to him 

Who shares our joys. ]More oft ^ve find 
That friend is dearest to our mind 

Who helped us when our eyes were dim. 

When loss was deepest, grief most new. 
So this thought brings her yet more near. 
And makes our mother-town more dear, 

Because she knew our sorrow too. 

For here the grass grows gieen above 
The graves of those who hne us well, 
Of whom our tender thoughts can tell 

That still their memor}- holds our love. 

Somewhere, wherever they may be, 

We feel they do not love us less, 

But give an added tenderness 
To us who strive while they are free. 



41 

How can we doubt that they are neai"? ; 

If soul is more than time or space, 

Whv should they not to this dear place 
Come back to-day, be with us here? 

Here, too. to many a heart has come 

The new birth and a larger life ; 

The power to feel in every strife 
The hand of God still leading home. 

While for our lives the seasons roll — 
While He is ours, on to the last — 
This place is hallowed, where have passed 

The deepest moments of the soul. _ 

By all these memories she is ours, 

The town we love. Oh, bless her still, 
Our Father's God ! The future fill 

With greater blessings, broader powers. 

For her. And in that future, .when 
We see thy face, may others here 
, Still serve thee, strive to bring more near 
Thy heavenly kingdom down to men. 

At the close of the exercises at the church, 
the loan collection of relics and antiquities was 
again opened, surprising all visitors by its richness 
and. variety, and exciting much attention and com- 
ment outside of the town. It was impossible to 
catalogue it, as it was brought together during two 
days before the celebration, and was only exhibited 
for three days afterward, before the relics were 
restored to their owners, A strong wish has been 
expressed for a permanent loan collection in War- 
ren, which, it is hoped, in time may be established. 



4^ 

An approximate list of articles exhibited is included 
in this pamphlet, made up from the newspaper 
reports and replies from owners to a request lor 
further description. 

The dinner, furnished b}- Caterer F. A. Keith in 
the Town Hall, was entirely satisfactor}', and had 
not progressed far before the rain ceased to fall, 
the clouds broke awa}', and the sun shone forth to 
the satisfaction of all, especialh* those who were 
interested in the concluding concert and fireworks. 
Flowers graced the tables. The dinner was 
enlivened bv Messinger's Orchestra, and after came 
the feast of reason and flow of soul, presided over 
by Dr. Joseph W. Hastings. The toasts and per- 
sons responding are given in the account by " The 
Worcester Evening Gazette,'' which is included in 
this pamphlet. TSlany others who were present, 
including Mrs. Eliza Trask Hill, and her brother, 
George Trask, son and daughter of Rev. George 
Trask, a former pastor of the Warren Congrega- 
tional Church, would gladly have been listened to 
as they recalled the interesting reminiscences of 
the past, and would have been called upon by the 
toastmaster, but the lateness of the hour, now nearh' 
approaching five o'clock, made it seein wise to end 
a very enjoyable occasion, and the assembly broke 
up to meet more informally with the old friends 
who were so numerous upon the street and in the 
homes throushout the dav. 



1 . 1 .■-. 



43 

At seven in the evenino^ the West Warren 
Cornet Band discoursed sweet music at the Pavil- 
ion, and at eight o'clock a line display of fireworks, 
from the laboratory of Masten & Wells of Boston, 
began on Holdworth's Hill, closing with a piece 
especiall}- prepared for the occasion, displa3'ing the 
name "Warren" and the dates " 1741-1S91." 

A number of letters of resrret were received from 
friends unable to be present, and these were read 
at a supplementarv meeting afterward held at the 
Town Hall, at which time interesting and informal 
talks were given upon old landmarks, etc., by 
Dr. J. C. Cutter, Rev. O. I. Darling, Mr. U. K. 
Whipple, Mr. Cutler Moore, Mr. Henry Green, 
Dr. J. W. Hastings, Mr. E. Switzer, and others; 
the histor}- of the churches, recent industries, etc., 
being spoken of. It was mentioned in the local 
paper, " The Warren Herald,'' that probably not 
another town in the State can show, as Warren 
can, four farms occupied by the descendants of 
their original owners; viz., those now occupied bv 
William A. Patrick, John T. Combs, and C. N. 
Shepard, all adjoining in the eastern part of tlie 
town, and that of James T. Cutler on the Brimfield 
Road. 

To this it ma}- be added that the Captain Putnam 
Farm is one of the oldest in town. A few years 
intervening during which it was owned by others, 
it is now owned and occupied by his descendants, 



; .v*f- . '-J 



44 

the seventh generation living on it up to the 
present year. It joins the Keyes and Shepard 
farms. 

The following facts regarding the early industries 
of Warren are kindly furnished by Danforth Keyes, 
Esq. The industries of the town of Western may 
be said to have commenced about the year 1746 
by a dam put across the Quaboag River at its 
present location by S. Dwight Makepeace and 
Keyes; one grist-mill, erected on the present site; 
and one furnace, on the east side of the river on 
Wigwam Brook. 

In 1752 the furnace was sold to Lyman & 
Kelley by Holmes, in 1770 sold by Holmes to 
Flood, in 17S3 sold by Flood to Asa Keyes. 
Daniel and David Batcheller came into possession 
of the spot about 1S03, and converted it into a 
scythe lactory, and that took up the land where 
the Town House and Quaboag Block now stand. 
The Batchellers did a very large business for those 
days, taking into partnership one General Jack 
Warner, who afterward went to Greenwich and 
started the same business. Next the old shop is 
found in the hands of Rufus Bacon, who took it 
down and erected a satinet factory, which was 
carried away by water when the powder-mill dam 
gave way in 1837. Then the property came into 
the possession of Horatio Nichols, who erected a 
saw-mill; then into the ownership of Jepthah 



-.1 



45 

Bacon, who sold it to Asahel Fairbank, whose son, 
Wilson H. Fairbank, now owns a portion of the 
land and the block; Homer A. Tidd the blacksmith 
and carriage shop; and the town the remainder for 
the present Town House. Mr. Daniel Batcheller, 
before-mentioned, tilled man}- town offices from 
1805 until his death. May 22, 1829, aged fifty-one 
years. 

Two very interesting documents, owned by Mr. 
Keyes, are herewith subjoined. The names which 
appear upon this early division of the town into 
school districts are interesting, as showing so many 
names ot oriorinal settlers. 



To the inhabitanc of the Town of ^V'estel■n Gentlemen we 
the Subscribers being chosen a committee to devide said town 
into Six School Destricts have proceded as followers 

The devison of the Town for Schooling in Six parts 1779. 



District No. i. 



Rev. Isaac Jones. 
Lem Bryant. 
Hozek Marks. 
Andrew Alarks. 
Samuel Bascom. 
Isaac Meachem. 
Daniel Willard. 
Joseph Jones. 
Medad Kellogg. 
Moses Bascom. 
Isaac Patrick. 
Joseph Cutler. 
Ely Putnam. 



Samuel White. 
William Alarr. 
Joseph Wheeler. 
Josiah Chadwick. 
John Gleason. 
Seth Lincoln. 
Major ^Makepeace. 
JohnCrabtree. 
Peter Rice. 
Marthew Patrick. 
Widow D wight. 
Danforth Keyes. 



46 

District Xo. 2. 

William Blair. Archabel Lemon. 

John Blair. James Stone. 

John Patrick. John Brooks. 

James Brown. Henry Switcher.- 

James Brown, Jr. Henry Chadwick. 

Solomon Blackmer. John ]Mills. 

David Blair. James Mills. 

William Cowel. Solomon Chandler, 

Daniel Wood. Thomas Chandler. 

Nicholes Roach. Reubin Bliss. 
Jason ^Vhite. 

District No. 3. 

Samuel Mcalester. Rheubin Read. 

Nathan Foster. Major Read. 

Elijah Lumbard. Samuel Bliss. 

Mathews Gilligan. Ebenezer Cutler. 

Henry Wilbridge. Pardon Blackemer. 

Benjiman Pollard. Joseph Chandler. 

John McSwin. Joseph Rude. 

Thomas Patrick. Samuel Willard. 

District No. 4. 

Solomon Bliss. Isaac Cordin. 

Isaac Bliss. Jonothan Barrows. 

Moses Bliss. Jonothan Day. 

Edward Bliss. Peter Demon. 

Samuel Tidd. Aaron Bliss. 

Isaac Gleason. Joshua Herington. 

John Damon. Asahel Willard. 
Oliver Cheney. 

District No. 5. 

Rev. Stephen Baxter. David Burroughs. 

John Nevens. Joseph Gleason. 

Simeon Blackemor. Elijah Arnold. 

Widow Brooks. Thomas Rich. 

Solomon Sampson. Timeth Goodel. 

John Davis. Jeremiah Harwerd. 

William Virgen. Luke Hitchcock. 

Seth White. John Hitchcock. 

Isaac Tyler. Ely Hitchcock. 

Abner Tvler. George Hodires. 



>.I. ■■' 



- 47 

District No. 6. 

Josiah Putnam. Jolin Crofierd. 

Josiah Putnam, Jr. John Mccombs. 

Robert Gray. William Shepard. 

Deuty Patrige. Moses Shepard. 

Frances Straton. Caleb Brooks. 

Simeon Rich. Seth Lincoln, Jr. 

John Brrus. Solomon Rich, 

Cyrus Rich. Nathen Chadwick. 

John Sanford. Benjiman Crain. 
Robert Blair. 

Gersham Makepeace, Isaac Bliss, 
Thomas Rich, Joseph Cutler, 

Nathex Foster, John Patrick, 

Committee for said Town. 

The withen School Destrits have been lade before the Town 
and excepted at jMav Meeting 17th 1779. 

Daxforth Keyes Clcark. 

The following' is a list of Representatives in the 
General Court, all from Warren : — 

1780, 17S2, 17S4, Colonel James Stone; 17S6, Isaac 
Gleason ; 17S9, Matthew Patrick: 1792, Danforth Keys; 
1795, 179S, 1799. Reuben Read ; iSoo, iSoi, Joseph 
Field; 1S04, Danforth Keys; 1807, 1S09, 1810, Joseph 
Field; 1811, Daniel Hodges; 1812, Joseph Field : 1813, 
Samuel Blair, Jr.; 1814, J^^^siah Putnam; 1S15, 1816, 
1819, Hervey Sessions; 1820, Samuel Blair; 1821. 
Oliver Bliss; 1825, Harvey Sessions; 1826, 1827, Isaac 
Patrick; 1S28, 1829, Pardon Keys; 1830, 1S31, 1832, 
Pardon Allen; 1833, 1834, Joseph Field; 1836, Chester 
Powers ; 1837, 1S3S, Pardon Allen ; 1839, John JNIoore ; 
1840, Thomas Damon ; 1S41, John Tyler; 1S42, Aaron 
Bliss; 1843, 1844, Daniel A. Hathaway; 1S45, Frank- 
lin Drury ; 1846, Sullivan Cowee ; 1848, Lewis Moore; 
1852, Levi INIerritt; 1855, Joseph Ramsdell, Jr. ; 1S56, 



, .•.!.,': ,|.- 



.48 

Samuel E. Blair; 1857, Joseph B. Lombard; 1879, 
Joseph Smith ; iSSi, George M. Newton ; 1881, Lucien 
M. Gilbert; 1S84, Joseph W. Hastings; 1886, Marcus 
Burroughs; 1889, George Bliss; 18S9, John B. Gould. 

The following were members ot" the State Senate : — 
1857, Joseph F. Hitchcock; 1868, Lucius J. Knowles. 

And of the State Executive Council : — 

1865, 1866, Joseph F. Hitchcock. 

Member of the Constitutional Convention : — 
1853, Nathan Richardson. 

The following table shows the recent increase in the 
town's valuation : — 

i855' $850,284; 1861, $895,491 ; 1868, $1,409,971; 
1869, $1,438,377; 1S70, $1,447,254; 1871, $1,427,625; 
1872, $1,502,914 ; 1874, $1062,145 ; 1876, $1,975,419 ; 
1878, $1,951,957 ; 1S79, $1,917,457 ; 18S0, $1,937,529; 
1881, $2,051,191 ; 1882, $2,115,203 ; 1883, $2,226,240; 
1884, $2,253,235 ; 1885, $2,221,973 ; 1886, $2,253,063. 

The following shows the increase in the population of 
Warren : — 

1776, 827; 1790, 899; iSoo, 979; 1810, 1,014; 1820, 
1,112; 1830, 1,189; 1S40, 1,290: 1850, 1.777; i860, 
2,107; 1870,2,625; 1880,3,889; 1890,4,681. 



Errata. — The following were omitted from the list of 
Representatives in the General Court : — 

1858, Samuel E. Blair; 1S59, Nelson Carpenter; 1862, 
Lucius J. Knowles ; 1865, Lucius J. Knowles; 1866, Na- 
than Richardson; 1868, Joseph B. Lombard; 1870, Benja- 
min A.Tripp; 1870, John Harvey Moore; 1873, Simeon 
H. Sibley; 1876, John Wetherbee. 



49 
LOAN COLLECTION. 

A PARTIAL LIST OF ARTICLES EXHIBITED. 

^NFrs. E.alma J. Fowler. — Work-table from Bombay, 
India, TOO \-ears old : earthen caster, painted tumbler, cup 
and saucer, creamer, punch-bowl, knife, each 170 years 
old ; tuo cups and saucers, two teaspoons, each 150 years 
old ; tumbler, 100 years old ; sun-fan, used before the 
introduction of sun-umbrellas ; fan, loS years old : carved 
fan ; travelling-bai;-. 150 years old ; sampler, 74 years old ; 
silk dress. So vears old ; silk shawl ; cape with hood : 
baby's shoes : gentlemen's stocks, 90 years old ; coin, 
1727; books. 1725-17S9. 

Mrs. Mary B. Carpenter. — Teaspoons, 150 years 
old ; three pieces decorated china ; mourning emblem 
for the Princess Charlotte. 

D. AV. Shepard, Esq^ — Bible printed in 1659; vase, 
supposed to be 4,000 years old : Indian war-club : case of 
ancient pistols ; sword used in the war of the Revolu- 
tion ; letter written to Captain Seth Alden in 1763 ; ear- 
rings owned bv Mrs. F. W. Kimball, 100 vears old. 

Dr. W. II. Stowe, Palmer, Mass. — Pamphlets: — 

Sermon preached at Crown Point at the Close of the 
Campaign, 1762. By Nathaniel Taylor, chaplain. 

Self-Love : the hrst sermon preached in New Eng- 
land, 162 1. B}' Robert Cushman. 

A Sermon preached in Springfield December 13, 1770, 
at the Execution of William Shaw, of Palmer, for mur- 
der. By Moses Baldwin. A.^NI. 

Account of a Hailstorm in Lebanon, Bozrah, and 
Franklin. July 13, 1799. Bv Sherman Dewey. 

A Sermon preached at the Execution of Moses Paul, 
an Indian, at New Haven, September 2, 1772. Bv 
Samson Occum. 

A Sermon preached at the Reverend Convention or 



50 

Congregational Pastors at Newport, R.I., September 
i8, 1771. By Solomon Townsend. 

A Sermon preached at the Ordination of Rev. Warren 
Fay in Brimtield, November 2, iSoS. By Samuel 
Austin, D.D. 

A Sermon preached to the Natives of Warwickshire, 
Eng., November 20. 1675. By Thomas Willis, D.D. 

A Sermon preached in Belchcrtown July 8, 1S30. 
" Si^eculative Freemasonry a" Wicked and Dangerous 
Combination."" B\' David Pease. 

A Sermon preached at the Funeral of Rev. Stephen 
Williams, D.D., of Springfield, June 12, 1792. By 
Robert Buck, A.M. 

A Sermon delivered at North Haven December 11, 

1783, on Account of the Peace concluded with Great 
Britain. By Beniamin Trumbull. 

A Sermon delivered at Deerfield January i, 1799, nt 
the Opening of the xVcademy. B\' Rev. Joseph Lyman, 
A.M. 

A Sermon preached in Long-Meadow at the Publick 
Fast, April 17, 17SS. By Charles Backus, A.AL 

A Funeral Sermon delivered in Lancaster ]March 31, 
1765, on the Death of Mr. Sebastian Smith. By John 
Mellen. A.M. 

A Discourse preached on the Fourth of July, 1798- 
By the Rev. Timothy Dwight, D.D., president of Yale 
College. 

A Sermon on the Religious Education of Children, in 
the old Presbvterian Church, New York, 17SS. By John 
Wetherspoon, D.D., president of Princeton College. 

A Sermon delivered at the Annual Association of 
Baptist Ministers, met at Notdngham, Eng., June 2, 

1784. Bv Andrew Fuller. 

A Sermon preached at a Singing Lecture in Braintree 
May 21, 17SS. liy Ezra Weld, V.D.^L 



51 

A Discourse delivered on the National Fast, April 25, 
1799. B}' Nathaniel Emmons, D.D., of Franklin. 

A Sermon preached at the Ordination of Rev. Samuel 
Osgood in Springfield, January 25, 1S09. By Thaddeus 
Mason Harris. 

A Sermon delivered at Palmer September 4, 1S14, 
before the Washington Benevolent Society. B3' Rev.- 
Samuel Ware, of Ware. 

A Sermon delivered at the Ordination of Rev. Ruben 
Moss, A.M., to the Church in Ware, June 22, 1792. 

Facts are Stubborn Things ; or, Nine Plain Questions 
to the People of Connecticut. By Simon Holdfast, 1803. 

The Minister preaching his own Sermon. Deerfield, 
Mass., 1821. 

The Dawn of Day, etc., in Nine Letters. 1800. 

Trial of James Lackey and others for Kidnapping 
Captain William Morgan, 1S27. 

An Address to the Young People in the Western Dis- 
trict of Fairfield County, December 11, 1799. By Amri 
Lewis. 

Address to the Students of Monson Academy, October 
4, 1814. By Joy Hamlet Fairchild. 

A Reply to Mr. George Beckwith's Answer to Mr. 
Green's Sermon entitled " Christian Baptism." By Jacob 
Green, A.^L, 1776. 

The ^Massachusetts Watchman and Periodical Journal, 
No. I, June, 1S09, Palmer. Published by Ezekiel Terr\'. 
The first printing done in Palmer. 

Some Arguments against Worldly-Mindedness. For 
Zadok, King of Conway, 1791- 

Isaac BickenstatFs Almanack, Springfield, 1784. 

The same. 1794. 

Nathaniel Ames's Almanack. 1761, Boston. 

Astronomical Almanack, 1783. By N. S., Proff. in 
Yale College. 



5^ 

An Almanack by Edward Holvoke, of Harvard Col- 
lege, in New England, 171 2. 

The Farmer's Almanac. By Robert B. Thomas. 
No. I, 1793. 

An American Selection of Lessons in Reading and 
Speaking, 1796. By Noah Webster, Jr., Esq. 

Neu^ England Primer. For the letter K, instead of 
"Proud Korah's Troop," etc., this reads, "The British 
King," " Lost States Thirteen."' 

The History of the Hoh' Jesus Christ. For Children. 
By a Lover of their Precious Souls, Boston, 1774. This 
is all in verse, with very quaint illustrations, one being 
a picture of St. Paul. 

Washington's Farewell Address. Printed for the 
Washington Benevolent Society, Springtield, 181 2. 
With the badge worn by the order. 

History of Clarissa Harlow. Phihadelphia, 1791. 

History of America. By Peter Heylin. With map. 
London, 1652. 

Coffee mill in use in Stafford. Conn., hotel fifty years 
ago. 

Sword broufrht from Alo-iers bv General Eaton of 
Brimfield. Dated on both sides, 1744. Has Moorish 
mark. 

Pewter mug, dated 17 16. 

An earthen baby's bath-tub decorated in blue. From 
H. H., and very old. 

A picture of George Washington, printed October 4, 
1791, at New Haven. 

Button and two sizes of spoon moulds. 

Wooden candlestick used by Humanit}' Lodge of 
Masons in Brimtiuld, iSii. 

W^ooden plate used by Moses Weld one hundred years 
ago. He was born in Sturbridge, 1757, and was great- 
grandfather of Dr. W. H. Stowe of Palmer. 



53 

Spanish coin, 1717 ; Spanish coin, 1738; pine-tree 
shilling, 1652: Moorish coin, 1279. 

Mrs. E. p. Cutter and Dr. J. C. Cutter. — Eng- 
lish chair, Qiieen Anne style, 16S4 ; chair, 1768; tea- 
spoon, Maytlower pattern, 1638; teaspoon, made from 
crroom's knee and shoe buckles, 176S ; teaspoon, wed- 
ding gift, 1S05 ; bride's stocking-bag, embroidered m 
colored crewels, 1768 ; infant's baptismal cap, linen, 1771 ; 
infant's dress, 1S19 ; sampler; deed of land on the sum- 
mit of Cov's Hill, 1727 : John Dearborn's powder-horn 
used at Ticonderoga, made in 175S ; cannon-ball, hand- 
made, thrown by the Confederates at the Battle of 
Roanoke ; cannon-ball made from types of " The Herald 
of Freedom." which was thrown into the Kansas River 
in 1855 during the sacking of Lawrence; field-glass 
used bv Mrs. Cutter in Kansas, loaned to John Brown, 
and taken from him at Harper's Ferry (it was returned 
by Colonel Lewis Washington in exchange for the horse- 
pistols given by Lafayette to General Washington) ; 
specimen of red clay from which the Indians fashion 
their " pipes of peace ; " pocket-compass that guided the 
escaped John Brown's men to the North. 

'Mrs. Ira White. — Plate, 150 years old. 

Miss Maria Reed. — Platter, knife, and fork. 

Mr. H. B. Carpenter. — Old coin found on Steerage 
Rock, Brimfield. 

Miss Fannie J. Bemis. — Sampler. 

Mr. Russell Gleason. — Wooden plate; wooden 
shovel and fork; wooden plough; broad-axe, 150 years 
old ; pewter platter. 

Mrs. Andrew Stone. — Two Bibles, 100 years old ; 
two' singing-books ; work-bag; razor. 

Mr. Newell Gleason. — Pewter platter ; pewter por- 
ringer ; pitcher owned by his grandmother. 

Mrs. J. C. Freeman. — Chair, 150 years old; two 
wine-glasses : pitcher ; decanter, 100 years old. 



54 

John Lawrence. — Indian relics ; bottle. 

D. K. Lincoln, West Brookfield. — Several hun 
dred Indian arrows, spears, and implements, from one of 
the tinest private collections in the State. 

Mr. E. a. Day. —The Marsh family Bible, 1775; 
the Putnam family Bible, 1795; cook-book; spelling- 
book, Nathan Day's, 1768; table and two chairs, four 
pewter platters, and a porringer, belonging to the wed- 
ding outfit of Mrs. Nathan Day, 1790; sword carried by 
Mr. Lyman Day when appointed captain of a company 
of militia by Governor Levi Lincoln in 1S26; rapier be- 
longing to Captain Josiah Putnam, 17S0 ; stockings from 
flax raised, hatchelled, spun, and knit b}- members of 
the family ; canteen used in War of 1S12 ; lantern, 1780; 
almanacs, 1793-1S91 ; silver tea service belonging to Mrs. 
Dolly Howe, 1S14 ; ancient glassware, six pieces ; silver 
spoons belonging to Mrs. Nathan Day, 1790; china 
saucer, 1784; warming-pan; two profiles, 1S23 ; Indian 
relic. 

Mrs. a. L. Converse. — Christening blanket, no 
years old. 

Mrs. H. E. Sylvester. — Chair 200 years old, Queen 
Elizabeth style ; foot-stove : two pewter platters ; two 
pewter plates ; woollen blanket ; three books ; sampler. ' 

Mrs. E. a. Warriner. — Pewter platter ; pewter 
plates ; pewter porringer ; bed-linen spun and woven by 
Mrs. Eunice Allen, born in 1772 ; Book of Psalms, 1757 ; 
Book of Martyrs, 1659 ; bread-tray, brass candlesticks, 
each over 100 years old ; sleeve buttons worn by Mr. 
Nathan Day in 1790; quart tumbler, 90 years old. 

Mr. a. a. Warriner. — Canteen owned by Captain 
Josiah Putnam, 150 years old ; snutlcrs and tray, 95 years 
old ; foot-stove, 100 years old ; winnowing sieve, 125 years 
old: dirk cane, 212 years old; bellows, 80 years old; 
coins ; stockings worn with knee breeches b\- Captain 



55 

Putnam 120 years ago; chair, 125 years old; watch, 
chain, key, and seal, 75 years old. 

Mrs. O. I. Darling. — Lady's slippers, child's rock- 
ing-chair, each more than 100 years old ; andque waiter. 
Mr. Danforth Keyes. — Oil portraits of Colonel and 
Mrs. Danforth Keyes, 1770; belt worn by Indian Chief 
Paugus, taken from him by Captain Solomon Keves at 
Fryeburg, Me., 1752 (this belt is woven of gold thread) ', 
commissions, letters, -and various documents pertaining 
to the early history of the town and the war of the 
Revolution ; scales for weighing gold, brought from 
England in 1630 ; hatchel for silk, made in China, china 
coffee-pot, each 300 years old ; platters and plates ; speci- 
mens of silk and linen prepared for weaving ; woollen 
bed-spread, more than 100 years old ; remnants of 
Bible taken from Congregational Church in 1832 and 
mutilated. 

Mr. William Burbank. — Flint-lock musket; two 
etched powder-horns carried by his ancestor, Ebenezer 
Burbank, in 1765 : decorated plates. 

Mr. H. H. Bennett. — Indian plummet ; clock-reel; 
quill-wheel : poc'ket-book, over 100 years ; spinning- 
wheel ; calash. 

Mr. C. H. Fosket. — Hatchel, smuggled over from 
Scodand in 1710: warming-pan; two pewter platters; 
one pewter plate ; one wooden plate ; spy-glass : tinder- 
box. 

Mr. W. G. Butterworth. — Bugle, used bv him in 
the first lull brass band organized in Warren ; Conti- 
nental coins : note, $S.oo, 1777 ; coins, 1723, 1774, 1788, 
1809. 

Mr. C. V. Stearns. — Flint-lock pistol; pewter por- 
rin<^er and spoon ; flint-lock gun. 

Mr. W. a. Stearns. — Spear point; tomahawk; 
flesher ; pestle ; chisel and fifteen arrow points. 

Mrs. C. F. Keyes. — Mirror, no vears old. 



56 

Mr. E. L. Fosket. — Flint-lock gun, carried in 1776 
by Henry Switzer ; flint and steel: cooper's axe, 150 
years old : snow-shoes, 100 years old. 

Mrs. E. F. Henshaw, West Brookfield. — Infant's 
cloak, worn in 1749; ^^'^tch, 200 years old; sampler, 
wrought in 1806 ; towel made by Miss Anna Burroughs, 
1757 ; towel made by Mrs. Margaret Burroughs Gleason, 
iSoo ; tumbler, 1S09. 

Bert S. Clark. — "Pepper Box," early revolver; 
two Indian arrow heads ; two Contederate bills. 

Miss E. S. and Mr. S. N. Cutler. — Books, 1743, 
1744, 18x3, 1821 ; five plates; two platters; two earthen 
teapots; two pitchers. 1691 ; sampler, 1815. 

Mrs. Mary G. ITitciicock and Mr. D. G. Hitch- 
cock. — Embroidered picture, wrought in 1S03 : two oil 
portraits of Joseph Field, Esq., and Mrs. Field, about 
1770; embroidered picture, bandanna printed with the 
Declaration of Independence and portraits of the first 
three Presidents, each about 1805 ; part of tea service, 
teaspoons, and sugar-tongs owned by Mrs. Field ; piece 
of brocaded silk dress worn by Mrs. Field ; chair and 
table owned by Joseph Field, Esq. ; table linen, a part 
of .the wedding outfit of Mary Marsh about 80 years ago ; 
silk gloves, belonging to Mary Marsh ; decorated plate, 
formerly the property of the Governor of the Bahamas, 
more than 100 years old; piece of child's belt, 102 years 
old; white embroidered veil. 

Mrs. Mary M. Richardson. — Hair puffs, bridal 
dress of white brocade silk, bridal veil, embroidered lace, 
worn by her mother, Mrs. John IMoore ; oil portraits, 
Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Moore, about 1770; child's linen 
coat, embroidered in colored crewels ; carved shell comb ; 
fan. 

Mrs. Mary Gilbert. — White silk shawl witii colored 
figures ; china plates ; sun-bonnet. 

Mrs. Sarah Powers. — Chair, 150 years old ; paper 



57 



containino- the account of the death of Washiniiton ; 
ancient Bible. 

Mr. G. p. Aborn. — Collection of coins. 

Mrs. W. C. Gage. — Two letters written from camp 
during the Revolutionary War. 

Mr. Lyman Crosby. — Portion of sermon in his great- 
grandfather's handwriting ; cup and saucer. 

Mr. Giles Blodgett. — Wallet, 200 years old. 

Mrs. Maria Gilbert. — Bellows. 

Mr. Luciex Gilbert. — Old doll and chair. 

Mrs. G. a. Shumw^N-Y. — Sun umbrella; doll; reti- 
cule; silver teaspoons, 1774, iSoo. 

Mrs. John Bridges. — Old doll and chair. 

Dr. J. W. Hastings. — Cat-o'-nine-tails brought North 
from a ne^ro cabin durintr the late war ; bowie knife ; 
documents pertaining to the War of the Rebellion. 

Mr. Charles Washburn. — Foot-stove ; tin kitchen ; 
wheel. 

Miss Maria Allen. — Antique china ; shell comb ; 
public documents. 

Mr. C. S. Hitchcock. — Ancient town-meeting war- 
rant, 1779. 

Mrs. Haschal Powers. — Ancient deed. 

Mr. H. M. Converse. — Tinder-box; army accou- 
trements ; sampler. 

Mr. H. p. Bliss. — Antique pitcher; basket brought 
from Sandwich Islands; conch shell, used to call the 
people to church before a bell was used on the Islands. 

Dennis Town. — Blanket and blouse ; ancient powder 
horn. 

Mr. William Combs. — Silk dress. Colonial period, 
pale green brocade, lined with light yellow; satin dress, 
same age, pale blue, lined with pink silk ; dress of brown 
brocade. 



S8 

Miss S. C. Keyes. — Coins; brass andirons. 

Mrs. Mercy Rliss. — Coins. 

Mr. John Wetherbee. — Coins. 

Miss Sallie Tufts, Brookfield, Mass. — Marriajie 
contract between Elisha Allis of Ilatrield and Sarah 
Cutler of Western, January, 14, 1765 ; candelabrum, 
155 years old ; mirror, 126 }"ears old. 

Mrs. E. J. Buck. — Hand-woven linen : ancient music 
and school books: "Ulster Countv Gazette," black 
bordered, containintj the death of Washinc^ton. 

Mr. Albert Rice. — Chair, formerly owned bv 
General Ruggles of Hardwick. who was banished durin"- 
the war of the Revolution, and his goods contiscated. 

Mr. H. B. Smith. — Ancient chair; link sleeve-but- 
tons; copy-book. 

Mrs. M. a. Blair. — Embroidered veil; portrait of 
Mr. Shepard Blair. 

Mrs. Olive M. Gould. — Oil portrait of Rev. 
Stephen Baxter ; reel. 

Mr. Lyman Powers. — Belt and sword. 
jNIr. Warriner Bliss. — Bible and hymn-book ; 
spectacles, very ancient. 

Mrs. Susan Cutler. — Portrait of " Uncle Thomas 
Cutler."' 

Mrs. Lucy T. Gleason, Boston. — Wedding dress 
of ]Mrs. Stephen Gleason. \\ orn 90 years ago. This dress 
is of pearl-white crape, trimmed with narrow satin ribbon. 

Mrs. Cowee, West Brookfield. — Quart tumbler 
used when General Washington dined there on his way 
to Boston. 

]Miss LiDA Hitchcock. — Two decorated plates ; papers 
printed at the South during the war ; war souvenirs. 

Mr. Nathan Moore. — Toasting iron. 

Mr. D. E. Graves. — Ancient warming-pan, now 
converted into a clock. 



, I . ,"'• ! 



APPENDIX. 



1741 - WARREN. - 1891 

SESQUI-CENTEXXIAL CELEBRATION IN THE RAIN. — THE 
EXERCISES TO-DAY. —MANY OUT-OF-TOWN PEOPLE 
PRESENT. — THE POEM AND HYMN. — INTERESTING 
LOAN COLLECTION OF RELICS. 

\^Froin " T/ic D'orccstcr Evcuuig- Gazette " Monday^ September ~, iSgi.'\ 

TO-DAY the town of Warren is observing, in a varied 
and appropriate manner, although the storm has pre- 
vented the carrying out of the programme to the letter, 
the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of its incorpora- 
tion as a separate municipality of the Commonwealth. 
The territory within its limits constituted, before the Act 
of its incorporation, }iortions of the town of Brookiield 
in Worcester County, and of Brimfield and Palmer in 
Hampden County ; but by far the largest part of the area 
taken for the formation of the new town was from Brook- 
field, and the traditions and associations of its earliest 
times pertain and belong to the history of the last-named 
town. From the date of its incorporation until 1S34 ^'^^ 
town was called Western, but the similarity of the name 
to Weston in ^Middlesex County led to a change of name, 
and by a special Act of the Legislature in the abo\e- 
named year it was called Warren, in honor of General 
Joseph Warren, the Revolutionary patriot and hero of 
Bunker Hill. 

The historv of Warren is replete with notable and 
interestino; events. It was fortunate in the character 
and ability of its pioneer settlers, and these and their 



6o 



sons performed valiant service in the French and Indian 
wars and in the Revolutionary contest. The descend- 
ants of these in many instances are now living upon the 
homestead farms, and the names of the original signers 
to the petition for incorporation are frequent and familiar 
ones to-dav. The;' first settled t"arm within the present 
limits of the town is still owned by a direct descendant, 
Mr. Danforth Keyes, whose ancestor, the original pioneer 
Solomon Keyes, was with a son killed at Lake George 
in 1755 ^^'liilti fighting the French and Indians. Twenty 
years before this the senior Keyes had participated in 
the battle between the colonists and the combined French 
and Indians where is now Fryeburg, Me. In 1759 Lord 
Amherst \\ith ten thousand men encamped within the 
town while on the expedition to Crown Point, and in 
1798 Washington and suite tarried for a while there 
when on their journey to Boston. 

While the interest in the public observance of the day 
is not so general or enthusiastic as one would naturally 
expect or look for, still scores of its absent sons and 
daughters have returned to participate in the pleasure 
incident to the proceedings, and people trom the sur- 
rounding towns are present to share with their neighbors 
the joys of the celebration. At an early hour the bells 
proclaimed tlie dawn of the natal da\', and soon all was 
astir in holida\' attire. 

The preliminary steps towards the celebration were 
taken at the last annual meeting of the town, and at this 
a general Committee of Arrangements selected, with its 
members consisting of Mr. Harlan P. Bliss, Rev. Olnev 
I. Darling, Rev. David ?^Ioyes, Rev. Putnam Webber, 
and Mr. Charles O. Walker. 

The Committee of Arrangements perfected the organi- 
zation with the choice of Mr. Bliss as Chairman, and 
Rev. Mr. Darling as Secretary. It also appointed the 
following sub-committees : Music. Herbert A. Messinger, 
Charles O. Walker, Miss Ella M. Wentworth ; Printing, 



6i 



Daniel G. Hitchcock, George P. Aborn, Mrs. Lottie 
Demond ; Relics and Antiquities, Mrs. Julia M. Hitcii- 
cock, Mrs. Mary M. Richardson, ^Nfrs. Ida C. Marsh, 
Mr. Herbert B. Carpenter, Mr. Charles D. Keyes, 
Mr. J. Edward L')n-ibard : Decorations, Mr. Henry S. 
Howe, Mr. G-.-or-e L. Butler. Mr. William S. Ti,-;dale, 
Mrs. Maude N. Abbrn. 

The committee selected Hon. Sc^lomon B. Stebbins, 
a native ot* Warren, now of Ijoston, where he has lono; 
been prominent in its affairs, to deliver the historical 
address, and Miss Nellie M. Comins of Warren to read 
the anniversarv poem. Miss Comins is a recent ""raduate 
of Smith Colle<ie, Northampton, and has been enga<''ed to 
teach in the High School in Amherst. 

The programme printed for distribution is a genuine 
work of art. It is enclosed within a tolder on the lirst 
page of which are grouped six vignettes. The central 
one of them is the AVarren Town Hall. Above this is 
the beautiful Soldiers" Monument dedicated last Fourth 
of July. A summer scene on the Quaboag River and 
the Public Library building are on tiie left of the group, 
while the High School buildino- and the tamous Wash- 
ington Elm are upon the right. It was a happy and 
commendable thought that hrst suo-o-ested the idea of 
these vignettes, and Warren is fortunate in the posses- 
sion of such subjects for the artist. The Public Librarv 
building is beautit'ul in its architecture imd pleasing in 
the combination of the materials which enter into its 
construction, as it is built of mottled pink granite with 
brownstone trimmino-s. The Hig-h School and Town 
Hall buildings are of brick, and both are models in 
every respect. The Soldiers' Monument, a granite and 
bronze statue of a soldier at parade rest, is of a chaste 
and pleasing design. The scene on the Quaboag rep- 
resents one of those stretches of the stream typical of it 
where its waters run deep and slow ; and in the picture 
two men in a boat h;ive anchored, presumably to trv 



62 



their luck at tishino-. The tamous Washino-ton Elm 
stands near the residence of ]Mrs. Olive M. Gould. 
Beneath its branches, so the story goes, Washington 
halted while a glass of water from a near-by well was 
broui^ht to him, and this circumstance (rives the tree its 
name. 

The address of lion. Mr. Stebbins was an admirable 
one, and its words were heard by an appreciative audi- 
ence. The singing, under the direction of Mr. Herbert 
A. Messinger, was eminently satisfactory. Miss Comins's 
poem found a responsive chord in the hearts of her 
hearers, and she and her work are unreservedly com- 
mended. 

The dinner in the Town Hall was served by Caterer 
F. A. Keith of Warren. 

Dr. J. W. Hastings was toastmaster, and an ideal one 
at that. The toasts and the persons responding follow : — 

"Our State," Senator Haggerty. "Our Flag,"' Colonel 
S. C. Warriner. Springfield. "Old Landmarks." Rev. 
O. I. Darling. "Old Quaboag Seminary." Rev. Dr. H.J. 
Patrick, West Newton, a native of Warren. Reminis- 
cences of Warren, three sentiments: First, "The Past," 
Hon. George K. Tufts, New Braintree ; second, "The 
Present," Charles H. Walker. Warren; third, "The 
Future," Rev. Harris G. Hale, Warren. "Reminis- 
cences," Judge M. L. Gray of St. Louis. " The Ladies," 
Daniel G. Hitchcock. 

Among the visitors are, George K. Trask, commercial 
editor of "The Indianapolis Journal :" and Mrs. E. Trask 
Hill, editor of " The Voice," Boston ; son and daughter 
of Rev. George Trask, the anti-tobacco apostle, once 
pastor of a Warren church. 

The floral decorations in the church were not elaborate, 
yet artistic and in good taste. Wild flowers were used 
almost exclusivelv. 

By far the most unique, novel, and conspicuous feature 
of the celebration, other than the exercises in the church, 



6?, 

is the loan exhibition ot" relics and antiquities. The 
number of old families now living upon the territory of 
which Warren was (»nce a portion, makes such an exhi- 
bition possible, for the exhibitors are from portions of 
West Brooktield, Brimtield, and Palmer : but the great 
majority of the articles are owned locally. Tliat an 
exhibit so extensive, varied, and valuable could be made 
within so small a territory is a surprise to every one, 
resident as well as visitor. The collection is shown in 
the hall of the local Grand Army Post, and during the 
hours of its exhibition the hall has been crowded with 
visitors. The committee in charge has yielded to the 
public desire, and the exhibition will continue open at 
stated hours lor four days. 

The collection o-ives in a manner an interestincr and 
succinct histor\- of the town and the industrial and social 
life of the people ; and it likewise tells, briefly yet forci- 
bly, of the families that have lived in Warren and their 
descendants. 

The collection includes many Indian relics found in 
and about Warren, lor in this section the Q^iaboag tribe 
of Indians had their headquarters. Articles used in 
Colonial and Revolutionary times are also numerous. 



WARREN'S ANNIVERSARY. 

\^From '■'■The Sfringjield Union,''' September 7, iSgi.'\ 

The celebration of the one hundred and fiftieth anni- 
versary of the incorporation of the tow n of Warren is an 
event of more than local siirnilicance. The State at larcre 
is interested ; for each towiiship is a nucleus of govern- 
ment, a centre from which radiate the primary forces 
that are potent in our State and National institutions. It 



64 

is, tlierefore, a matter ot" general rather than local inter- 
est that is to-day being celebrated at Warren. The 
town t'rom small beginnings has grown to large achieve- 
ments. Its industries have prospered and developed. 
Its institutions have kept pace with its commercial thrift 
and enterprise, and tlie people have received the benefits 
of school, librarv, and church, becoming fitted thereby 
to perform intelligently the duties of citizenship, and to 
fill creditably such positions in private station or public 
trust as have been assigned to each. 

It is fitting, then, that Warren"'s anniversary should be 
recognized and celebrated. The etlects of such a cele- 
bration are healthful. A feeling of local pride is excited 
by the rehearsal of incident and history connected with 
the town's past, and the immediate results of this pride 
will doubtless be apparent in a new impetus to enter- 
prise, and in directing the public attention to chances for 
further improvement. Public spirit in a town is a power 
for good, and in no way can it be more successfully 
aroused than by such demonstrations and exercises as 
are being held at Warren to-day. The event will prove 
a valuable one also for a further reason. It has necessi- 
tated the careful study of town records, and the collec- 
tion of historical data that might have been lost but for 
the attention called to them by the needs of this occasion. 
It is important now that all the records and history which 
have been thus brought to light should be caretully pre- 
served in the archives of the town. They will prove 
increasingly interesting on future occasions of a similar 
nature, and will be of priceless worth to the coming 
historian. 

*'The Union" extends congratulations to the citizens 
of Warren, with the expression of this wish, — that the 
town's future history may be characterized by the same 
thrift and prosperity that have marked its past. 



65 



\_Ffom '■'The Spriiigfeld Republicati,'' September S, iSgi.'] 

The town of Warren, which celebrated yesterday so 
successfull}' the one hundred and tittieth anniversary 
of its incorporation as a separate township, has ever}' 
reason to I'eel proud of its history and of the men who 
made it. The story of this interesting occasion is else- 
where fully told. The founders of the town were of 
that sturdy class of pioneer farmers who all over New 
England laid the foundations of our present prosperity'. 
The records of Warren show how active a part every 
one of the early settlers took in the civil and religious 
life of the community, for then Church and State were 
one. Their record in the early contests with the Indians, 
and later in the great struggle for independence, shows, 
too, their readiness to fight, and, as man\' of Warren's 
best men did, die, if need came, in defence of their 
homes and that which was dearer, their rio-hts. Nor 
should all credit be yielded to the soldiers ; for the men 
who. after the early and later years of war, steadily 
labored on their farms and in their shops contributed 
quite as much to make the town one of tlie prosperous 
manufacturing centres of the State. A celebration such 
as vesterdav's does much to awaken the feelinfjs of 
local pride and patriotism which are apt to become 
dormant. Many an inhabitant of Warren was surprised 
to learn what a history belonged to his town, and every 
one felt prouder than before that he was a citizen of the 
place. Any thing which stimulates the people of a 
town to study its history must be beneficial, for they can 
hardly fail to draw inspiration trom the stor}- of the 
lives of the early settlers which will help them to be 
belter citizens. 



66 



LETTERS OF REGRET FROM INVITED 
GUESTS. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 
Boston, August 31, 1S91. 

Mr. H. P. Bliss, Warkex, Mass. 

J/y Dear Sir: — I tind, a cry much to my regret, that it is 
quite impossible for me to reach Warren on September 7th. 
Two other importaut engagements were made for me long 
since for that dav, — one in the morning in Boston, and one in 
the afternoon at Northampton, — both of which will prevent my 
attendance. I greatlv regret this, as it would have been a 
threat pleasure to me to come to Warren on this anniversary, 
and to extend to her the congratulations of the Commonwealth 
upon the successhil, upright, and honorable life she has led, 
and her best wishes that the future may bring to her only 
greater honor and success. 

Kindly express to the Committee and citizens my great 
appreciation of their k-indness in inviting me, and my very 
sincere regrets that I am uhable to be with them. 

Very truly yours, 

Wm. E. RUSSELL. 



Pittsfield, September 4, 1891. 

Dear Sir : — Please accept my thanks for a kind invitation 
to be present as the guest of the town of Warren on the 
occasion of the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of its 
incorporation on the 7th instant. I have delayed my reply till 
the last moment, in the hope that it might be possible for me 
to enjov the rare pleasure so interesting an occasion will surely 
atibrd, but I regret to Hnd that engagements I must keep will 
prevent. 

Permit me to congratulate the town of Warren on the good 
that a hundred and fifty years of self-go\ennnent has brought 



6? 

to her people, and the share that government has had in main- 
taining the high cliaracter of the Commonwealth of \vhich she 
forms a part. The inestim:rhle blessings of town government, 
snch as New England alone of all the States enjoys, can never 
be measured or over-valued. That government, like a never- 
failing spring on the mountain-side, fced^ and refreshes and 
supports the sourccb of all our growth. When the town parlia- 
ment shall die out, the State will surely fail. I wish for your 
people that thev will ever keep this home government clean 
and earnest, with high aims and noble purposes, and the best 
attainable results will be the legacy bequeathed to those who 
shall be called upon in coming anniversaries to celebrate the 
glories of vour civil institutions. 

I am truly vours, 

H. L. DAWES. 
D. G. Hitchcock, Esq., 

Chairman, etc., JVarren. 



West Winsted, Conx., August 24, 1S91. 

D. E. Graves, Warrex, Mass. 

The invitation of your Committee to the anniversary exercises 
to occur on September 7th next was duly received, and is highly 
appreciated. 

I have delayed replying, hoping that my mother would feel 
able to go and enjov with me the festivities ; but she thinks 
that she had better not. She proutily claims to be a native of, 
and is still loyal to, the good old town of" Western." 

If we are not with you personally, we shall be in spirit, on 
that day. 

Praying for good weather, and knowing that the citizens 

will take care of the rest, I wish you a celebration without a 

mar. 

Respectfully, 

Wm. h. batcheller. 

Committee of Invitatiox, Warrex, Mass. 

Your card of invitation to attend the " one hundred and 
fiftieth annivcrsarv of the incorporation of the town of Warren, 
Mass.," to be observed September 7, 1S91, is before me. 



68 



While I regret to say that, owing to other ckitics, it will be 
impossible for me to be present on that interesting occasion, I 
do assure you that my heart and mv sympathies will be with 
vou in all the congratulations of the present, the anticipations 
for the future, and the reminiscences of the past, which such 
an event must awaken. 

I am well aware that, after an absence of so manv vears from 
my native town, few of the forms and faces once familiar to me 
will be present at the greeting. Some are in distant lands, 
engaged in the varied pursuits of life : many, verv man\-, have 
passed over the river, and there on the other shore await our 
coming. Jovful as such a gathering is sure to be, it must still 
be tinged with sadness. The ever-restless hand of Time has 
been among vou, and all is changed, — all but the eternal rocks 
and the everlasting hills. One Inmdred and hftv vears I What 
have they not wrought I The triumphs of science are most 
marvellous ; the triumphs of civil and religious liberty surpass 
the most sanguine expectations of tlie world ; and in all this 
march of improvement New England has hekl a most con- 
spicuous and leading place. 

And Massachusetts, God bless her ! the royal mother of 
glorious New England, she walks a queen among her more 
than twoscore States. The leaven of her civilization, with its 
churches and schools and colleges, her free institutions, and 
the patriotism of her sons, permeates and moulds the citizenship 
of our whole country. God bless old WaiTcn, nestling, as she 
does, amid her mountains and her vallevs and along her wind- 
ing stream ; planted, geographicallv as well as providentially, 
so near the warm and throbbing heart of that grand old Com- 
monwealth we all so proudly claim as our native State. 

May her sons and her daughters, sustained by the arm of 
Omnipotence, prove lo\al to her best interests, and true to the 
sacred traditions of the worthy fathers and mothers whose ashes 
lie mingling with the clods of the hillside, and the fruits of 
whose labors we now enjoy, and whose virtues we hold in 
deepest reverence. With best of wishes, 

I am an absent son of Warren, 

JOHN H. COMBS. 
Haines City, Florida, August 24, 1S91. 



69 

West IIartkokd, Cu.nx., September 2, 1891. 

To THE Committee ox Iwitations. 

Gentleniefi : — I had hoped that in response to your kind 
invitation I should be present on the occurrence of the one 
hundred anel fiftieth anniversary of tlie incorporation of the good 
old town of Warren, and thus testif}' to my interest in her con- 
tinued prosperity, and my pleasant memories of the years when 
I was a resident of tlie town ; but it now seems probable tliat 
circumstances beyond my control will necessitate mv absence. 

Trusting; that the occasion will be in everv way interestin*'- 
and gladsome, even beyond my anticipations, I am 

Yours sincerely, 

" E. L. JAGGAR. 

La Fayette, Ind., September 4, 1891. 

The card bearing date August 10, 1S91, from Committee on 
Invitations, for the one hundred and fiftieth anniversarv of the 
incorporation of the town of Warren, Mass., was dulv received. 
I sincerely regret that the ill-health incident to " threescore 
years and ten " will prevent me from participating in exercises 
or festivities demanding so long a journey. It would be a 
great pleasure to clasp the hand and reciprocate the greetin"-s 
of the few earlv friq.nds remaining. 

I well remember that early in the }ear 1S41, Rev. George 
Trask, then pastor of the Congregational Church in Warren, 
tried to induce the people to notice the centoiniaL but no 
enthusiasm was shown ; but the march of improvements dur- 
ing the past five decades will fir surpass the former century. 
With sympathy and a hearty wish for its success, 

Respectfully yours, 

C. L. (Copeland) HOWARD. 



133 East 29th Street, 
New York, August 31, 1S91. 

Dear Mr. Jlitchcock : — I regret exceedingly that my 
duties in New York are such that it \\ ill be impossible for me 



70 

to accept the kind invitation of your Committee, and attend the 
exercises of Warren's one hundred and fiftieth anniversarv. 

It would give me great pleasure to be present and listen to 
the most excellent programme arranged for that memorable 
occasion. Rest assured I shall be with vou in spirit, and I 
trust nothing will occur to mar the joy of a day so noteworthy 
in the annals of the town. 

I regard the citizens of Warren as very fortunate in having- 
their lot cast in so pleasant a place, possessing so many natural 
advantages of soil, water-power, and climate. More than all, 
the town is to be congratulated upon having so large a number 
of public-spirited citizens, evidences of whose generosity are to 
be seen on every hand. To their enterprise is largely due the 
fact, that, while m.any of our New-England towns are deterio- 
rating in wealth and population, Warren has had a steady, pros- 
perous growth, until it is known far and near as one of the most 
flourishing towns in ^Massachusetts. 

There is no need, however, that I write of these things. 
Your orator will outline the growth and development of his 
native town ; your poetess will sing in charming lays the 
beauty of its situation and the heroic deeds of bygone davs ; 
while the dinner will doubtless be graced with the intelligence, 
wit, and beauty of your citizens. My wish for ^\'arren, where 
I spent seven of the happiest years of mv life, is, that she may 
continue to go on in the lines already laid down, and be as dis- 
tinguished in the future for the intelligence, sobriety, pati'iotism, 
and piety of her citizens as she has been in the past, and is in 
the present. 

May the Lord ble^s and prosper the dear old town, is the 
wish of your friend, 

JESSE F. FORBES. 



Worcester, September 4, 1891. 

D. G. Hitchcock, Esq., Warren. 

Dear Sir : — I regret very much I shall be unable to accept 
your kind invitation for Monday next, but absence from this 
part of the country will prevent. I trust the day will be a joy- 



fill one for voii all, and hope the next century and a half will 
be full of blcssincrs for your beautiful town. 

I have been away for the past few days, so please pardon my 
not answering' your tavor before. 

Yours very respectfully, 

GEO. F. BLAKE, Jr. 

The Geo. F. Blake Mfg. Co., 

New York, August 27, 1S91. 

D. G. Hitchcock;, 

Chairman of Co7)U)iittee., Warrcti. JMass. 

Dear Sir : — I am in receipt of your favor extending to me an 
invitation to be present at the celebration of the one hundred and 
fiftieth anniversary of the incorporation of the town of Warren 
to be held on the 7th of September. Owing to press of busi- 
ness and odier previous engagements, I shall liave to decline 
your kind invitation, for which please accept my thanks. 

Yours veiv truly, 

GEO. 11. STOVER. 



New York, August 26, 1S91. 
D. G. Hitchcock, Esq., 

Chairman of Committee^ Warren^ Mass. 

Dear Sir: — Thanks for your kind invitation to be present 
at the hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the incorporation of 
the town of Warren on September 7th next. 

I regret that other engagements will prevent my accepting 

your kindness. 

Very truly yours, 

C. E. BIGELOW. 

Knowles Steam Pump Works, 
New York, August 26, 1S91. 

D. G. Hitchcock, Esq., , 

Chair/nan of Coni??iiiiee^ JVarrcn, Mass. 

Dear Sir: — I am in receipt of your kind invitation to the 
celebration of the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the 



72 

incorporation of the town of \\'arrcn. I am vcrv sorry my 
engagements will not enable me to he present on this occasion, 
September j", iS()i . 

Hoping voLi will have a pleasant clay, and every thing will 
pass otl" successfiilh', I am 

Very truly vours, 

C. L. BROADBEXT. 



Gardner, Mass., August 29. 1S91. 
D. E. Gr.wes, Esq., \\'ARiiEx, ]SIa.ss. 

Dear Sir: — Your kind invitation to be present at your 
coming anniversary is just at hand. 

While it will be impossible for me to be present, \et I desire 
to thank you aiul the good town }ou represent for the courtesy 
of the invitation. Mv stay was not lonjr aminiu' the Warren 
people, but the Methodist Church at the west village ^yill attest 
my love and efibrt to aid all the good elements in the town. 

I remain very sincerely, 

SETH C. CARY. 

Brief regrets at inability to be present were also 
expressed \>\ Rev. Alexander Sessions. 



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