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Full text of "Western Jewry; an account of the achievements of the Jews and Judaism in California, including eulogies and biographies. "The Jews in California," by Martin A. Meyer"

Brandeis University 
Libraries 



3 



Brandeis University 

National 

Women's Committee 



Western Jewry 

An Account of the Achievements 
of the Jews and Judaism 
in California 



Including 

Eulogies and Biographies 



' ' The Jews in California 

By 
MARTIN A. MEYER, Ph. D. 




PUBLISHED BY 

EMANU-EL 

SAN FRANCISCO 
JUNE, 1916 



9nr) 



• \j 



[5 
1040- 

R(6 



PRrNTED BY 

CALIFORNIA PRESS 

340 SANSOME STREET 



Foreword 



'T^HE Story of Israel in California is of sufficient import to 
-'- justify its preservation in compact form. The Jezcish 
"Fortv-niners" came from every nook and corner of the earth. 
While not differing from other men in their aims for material 
gains, they ^brought zvith them that Jczcish consciousness ivith- 
out zchich there could have been in California no continuation 
of Israel's noble traditions. 

And so within the tents of these sturdy nez\.'Comers there 
zvere conceived plans for the establishment of Jezvish communal 
institutions. When the communities grczu and attained material 
success, synagogues and religious schools, benevolent societies 
and homes for orphans, the sick and the aged, z^'ere erected. 

In their ciz'ic z'irtues and those qualities that attest the literal 
strength of a community the Jezvish men and women of pioneer 
days occupied distinguished rank. 

In the pages to follozv I have incorporated brief sketches 
of a fezi' of the principal religious, social and fraternal organi- 
zations and the men and z^'omcn nozc actively engaged in emu- 
lating the splendid c.vamples set by those zdio have passed 
azi.'ay. If is earnestly hoped that their loyalty to the cause of 
Judaism and the Jezv may serve as an inspiration to the younger 
generation, to the end that the religious and communal history 
of the Jezi'S in California may be fully preserved. 

In dedicating this volume to the monory of the Jeicish 
pioneers and their successors. I zcish to record my grateful 
thanks and acknozvledgments to Rev. Dr. Martin A. Meyer, 
zvhose advice has been invaluable to me, as zvell as to those 
z^'hosc generous contributions hazr made its publication pos- 
sible. 

A. W. VOORSAXGHR. 



PHOTOGRAPHS BY 

FERRAND STUDIO 
SAN FRANCISCO 

HEMENWAY STUDIO 
LOS ANGELES 



THE JEWS OF CALIFORNIA 

A Sketch of Their Settlement in the State and of Their 

Economic and Social Development, With Special 

Reference to the City of San Francisco 

By Martin A. Meyer, Ph. D., Rabbi of Temple Emanu-El, 
San Francisco, California 

THE story of the settlement of the Jews in America, their spread 
over the continent, their participation in the various activities 
of American life, their internal development, all form a most 
interesting series of chapters in the romance of the American Nation. 
Much of the material is still hidden away in official archives and un- 
published private correspondence. Its bulk must be large, judging by 
the rather extensive amount of material already published ; and each 
year discloses new stores. 

The promise of American Jewish historical studies is far greater 
than the considerable bulk of its past production. 

In the working out of the affairs of this new Nation it is of serious 
interest to every student both of American and of Jewish history to 
know the important contributions that the Jews have made at each 
and every step in American development. It is indicative of the broad 
spirit of American life ; it is still further indicative of the adaptable 
spirit of the Jew, his fine patriotism, his ability for service and sacri- 
fice,' his growing importance in the affairs of the world. At home, 
everywhere and nowhere — nowhere has the Jew flourished as in Amer- 
ica. Nowhere has he been compelled to face more serious problems 
than in this land. Liberty has been as severe a test of his integrity 
and loyalty as ever persecution and discrimination have been. He has 
faced and still faces questions of internal organization, of religious 
form and spirit, of philanthropic and social endeavor such as never 
before in all his history presented themselves to him. 

The two and one-half million Jews in America today not only 
form the freest part of world Jewry, but many hold that they have in 
their keeping whatever future the Jew may have in the world. Im- 
migration has been the crux of the American Jewish problem of the 
past quarter century. It has brought all the forces of American Jewish 
life to a focus. Social service for the newcome classes has been 
splendidly developed by the Jewish group. This large immigration is 
directly responsible for the remarkable numerical growth of American 
Jewry as well as for the growing importance of the Jewish group in 
American affairs and in the councils of world Jewry. 

On the Atlantic seaboard we have traces of Jewish settlement 
within a third of a century after the permanent establishment of the 
first North European group. And from that date, 1655, in unbroken 



6 WESTERN JEWRY 

line, the Jew has continued to come to America, to give to America 
and to receive from America. On the Pacific Coast we do not have 
to wait so long to discover the Jew as a factor in population and in 
local enterprise. The very year of the discovery of gold in California 
and the coming of the Americans in numbers, the Jew was found 
side by side with the other pioneers in mining camp and in city, 
wooing golden fortune either with the miner's cradle or with the 
merchant's stock of life's necessities. 

It is an open question whether any Jews are to be found among 
the settlers in the Mexican era of California history. In going over 
the material a number of names are found which suggest a Jewish 
origin. However, only minute and painstaking studies — such as have 
not yet been made — can verify these traditions and impressions. The 
descendants of Benjamin and Raphael Fisher claim that these brothers 
carried on business in San Francisco in 1847 and later returned to 
their birthplace, Kempen, Prussia. We may speak with certainty 
of Lieutenant Washington Bartlett, U. S. N. (whose mother was a 
Jewess of Charleston, South Carolina), who was the first Alcalde of 
the city of San Francisco. Soule in his "Annals of San Francisco" 
mentions one Isaac Livick as a resident of Yerba Buena in October, 
1840; of M. Schallenberger in San Jose in March, 1844, and of Julius 
Wetzler in San Francisco in the spring of 1849. Mention one of our 
other secondary sources makes of Lewis Adler, who came to San 
Francisco in 1846 from Honolulu, and who entered the service of 
Leidesdorff & Co. The pioneer records also refer to one Louis Glass 
as resident here in 1848. All these names are open to question and 
discussion. The report that William Leidesdorfif — a pioneer merchant 
and financier — was a Jew does not seem to be well founded. A number 
of names, unmistakably Jewish, are recorded by Soule in the latter 
part of 1849 — J. N. Cordoza, S. Rosenthal and Joseph Shannon as well 
as many others. The loss of the pioneer records during the great fire 
of 1906 is an irreparable one. There are many things which we shall 
never know of this early period. The active steps now being taken 
by the Pacific Coast Historical Society to preserve early records by 
their re-publication as well as by their encouraging local historical 
studies, assures much good material for the use of future students 
and historians. 

The Jew, like his fellows, heard the call of the gold and followed 
that siren call across desert and mountains, amid hardships, thirst, 
heat, hunger and hostile tribesmen. The epoch of the journeying of 
these Argonauts across the untried continent, afoot, in ox teams, 
across the fever-haunted Isthmus, around the stormy Cape is one of 
the most thrilling and romantic chapters in American history. They 
came to find golden fortunes in the hills of California, primarily in the 
mines, whose richness was reported to rival that of the biblical Ophir. 



WESTERN JEWRY 7 

But they did more than win fortunes for themselves. They were the 
bearers of a culture and a civilization. Their efforts made lasting 
what the military victories of the Mexican War in the preceding years 
had made possible — the establishment of American political, social 
and civic institutions on the Pacific Coast. Seeking gold, these men 
founded an empire, whose opening chapters have hardly now been 
concluded. 

The mines soon proved inadequate to satisfy the ambitions of 
these venturers. The needs of a growing population, and the possi- 
bilities of the soil and climate of California pointed new ways to 
fortune. Cities sprang up and flourished. Many of these pioneer 
settlements have since dwindled, but this western empire has grown 
from strength to strength. The great valleys of the interior were too 
rich to be neglected long. In the Mexican period great herds had 
roamed the hills and plains and food supplies had been produced barely 
sufficient for local needs. Soon after the first flush of the miners' 
fortune had passed, the larger economic possibilities of the land made 
themselves felt. California became one of the great grain and hay 
centers of the world. This agricultural Ufe as much as the mineral 
wealth of the State gave it world-wide significance. The harbor of 
San Francisco was filled with a fleet of boats which carried the prod- 
ucts of the State to every quarter of the globe. Cattle-raising still 
flourished in this new area, and a period of remarkable prosperity 
was entered upon. Great fortunes were built up on the products 
of the soil. But this era of great ranches and ranges has in turn 
given way to more intensive and diversified agricultural and hor- 
ticultural activities. The development of irrigation systems added 
untold wealth values to the valley lands. Hay and grain were 
no longer profitable ventures. The great holdings are even now 
being divided and subdivided and a new epoch of California's eco- 
nomic life is being begun in which fruits and nuts are the great 
features. Fresh and dry fruits have become the staple products 
of this region and the old-time grains have lost their place as char- 
acteristic of the land. The carrying trade has gradually dwindled, 
but the opening of the Panama Canal (1915) promises new life 
in this direction. 

Of industrial activity, there has been comparatively little in 
the West up to the present day. The development of railway 
transportation between the Coast and the East made the Coast 
dependent upon the East for manufactured wares. Raw material 
suitable for manufacturing purposes is only now becoming abun- 
dant. Up till recently there was no adequate supply of fuel or of 
labor. Coal deposits were scanty ; iron ore practically unknown ; 
but the recent discovery of oil in vast quantities and the still more 
recent development of hydro-electric power promises to remedy this 



8 WESTERN JEWRY 

situation. The question of labor is still a difficult one. With a 
population of about three millions of people in a territory only 
somewhat smaller than that of the German Empire it can not be 
said that the State is overpopulated. Labor questions of peculiar 
difficulty have presented themselves almost in the very beginning 
of California's history. The feeling against the yellow races is 
still strong; so strong that discriminatory legislation is being con- 
stantly agitated. Yet the lack of labor has prevented the devel- 
opment of California's natural resources as well as its industrial 
life. So the State still remains primarily an agricultural com- 
munity. 

We have taken pains thus to present in outline the economic 
life of California, since the history of Jewish settlement and growth 
is peculiarly associated with the various stages of this develop- 
ment. In this connection we might mention another fact of more 
or less interest for the economic story of the State as well as of 
its Jews. There have always been intimate relations between the 
Pacific Coast of the United States and the Central American and 
Mexican republics. These republics have looked more to California, 
with its Spanish traditions, than to other parts of the Union. As 
a consequence, numbers of families who have acquired fortunes 
in these regions have finally settled in California and established 
themselves there. So numbers of the wealthier citizens of the 
State have large interests in the Latin republics of Central America. 
And in particular can this be said of a considerable number of 
Jewish families now resident in San Francisco and elsewhere in 
the State, such as the Stahl, Schwartz and Baruch families. There 
is also a similar group which came here from Hawaii, of whom 
the Hymans are the most prominent Jews. 

In that group known as the pioneers, consisting of those who 
reached California before the end of the year 1850, there is no lack 
of Jewish names. The city directory of San Francisco, published 
in September, 1850, the first issued, contains a goodly number of 
names of firms and of individuals known to have been Jews. No 
doubt there were others than those there recorded, but they are 
lost to knowledge, at any rate in the present state of our ignorance 
of these things. As this essay is to be a general statement of 
the story of California Jews rather than a scientific document, 
we shall omit the enumeration of the rather lengthy list of names 
found in this interesting little volume. We know that besides form- 
ing a considerable group in the metropolis, even at this early date 
Jews were to be found in Los Angeles, Stockton, Sacramento, 
Grass Valley — generally throughout the State. It is well nigh 
impossible to make mention of all the settlements which already 
at this time contained Jewish residents. Many were actually en- 



WESTERN JEWRY 9 

gaged in mining, Init the large majority were to be found follow- 
ing the lines of business so popular with the Jew. They prac- 
tically monopolized the clothing and dry goods business. Finance 
earlv engaged their attention, as the names of Rothschild (through 
their representation, Benjamin Davidson), Lazard Freres, Seligman, 
Reese and Wormser indicate. 

The decades immediately following the pioneers witnessed a 
constant increase in the numbers of Jews in California. There 
was considerable shifting of population. San Francisco, as the 
metropolis, naturally attracted many who had accumulated for- 
tunes in the interior towns. As the mines played out and busi- 
ness languished, merchants left for more promising locations. As 
the valley towns began to develop as commercial centers in the 
agricultural districts, Jews found their way to them ; so that it 
can be said with a fair degree of accuracy that there is no town 
of size in California without its Jews. Equally to be noted is the 
large number of Jews who acquired fortunes here in California 
and left the State and settled in the East and in Europe. The 
great fortunes of the early part of this period were made in the 
larger centers in commercial and financial transactions. In the 
wholesale and jobbing lines the names of Heller, Sachs, Neustadter, 
Schweitzer, Scholle, Strauss and Dinkelspiel are outstanding. 

Closely associated with the story of mining activity on the 
Coast will ever live the name of Adolph Sutro. The Sutro tunnel 
was little short of a triumph of engineering genius and stands 
out as the conspicuous achievement of a life busy with big schemes 
of community importance. 

The hay and grain interests proved attractive to many Jews. 
We mention in this connection Isaac Friedlander, who, before his 
failure, was known as the grain king. Anspacher, Eppinger, Blum, 
Frankenheimer and Newman are names to be noted in connection 
with this branch of the State's activity. Many Jews have since 
turned their attention to buying valley lands, so that today there 
are vast holdings in lands in such names in many localities. The 
wine industry is closely associated with agricultural developments 
of the interior. Vineyards of great acreage are found in large num- 
bers through the greater part of the State. The members of many 
firms dominant in this industry are Jewish. The Jacobi and the 
Lachman families are particularly well known. There is prac- 
tically no distilling of whiskey and brandy done on the Coast, 
but a large number of Jews are active in the distributing end of the 
spirits business. 

It is interesting to note that Henry A. Jastro of Bakersiield 
is today known as the cattle king of California, an industry which 
even in its dwindling state is still of considerable importance. 



10 WESTERN JEWRY 

Closely allied to this enterprise is the wool business, in which at 
least one Jewish firm stands out conspicuously — S. Koshland & 
Co. Leather, hides and tanning also engage considerable Jewish 
enterprise and capital. 

In those very vital transactions which made possible the de- 
velopment of irrigation, the banking firm of Daniel Meyer plays 
a prominent part. In fact, the remarkable development of irriga- 
tion in California is due in a large measure to the foresight and 
the confidence of the late Daniel Meyer in such enterprises. He 
was about the only one of the early Jewish financiers who under- 
took other than purely commercial transactions. It is well nigh 
impossible to overestimate the significance of irrigation systems 
for the development of the State. It has literally made a garden 
of a desert, whose fruitfulness is unequalled in history. In the 
resulting period of intensive and varied horticulture the names 
of a number of Jews are so conspicuous as to suggest the dom- 
inance of the Jew in the fruit industry : Castle Brothers. Guggenheim 
Brothers and Rosenberg Brothers are but a few of the larger firms 
whose command of this situation is well nigh complete. 

In the development of the oil fields of California we again 
meet a group of Jewish names of some standing. Julius and 
Adolph Mack, the Pauson family and Leon Guggenheim— to men- 
tion but a very few of a long list who have assisted in promoting 
this industry to a place of real importance in California life. In 
the field of hydro-electric development the names of Herbert and 
Mortimer Fleishhacker stand out conspicuously. It is difficult 
to do justice in passing to the constructive character of the work 
of men such as these two brothers here mentioned. While winning 
vast fortunes for themselves, at the same time they have brought 
great and significant results to the State. 

Practically all of the names already mentioned are associated 
with the northern part of the State. The very mention of the 
South brings to mind the name of the one man whose financial 
genius was and is possibly greater than that of any individual Jew 
of the older generation in the State — Isaias W. Hellman, Sr. His 
life is an epitome of the remarkable development of Los Angeles. 
He touched its many-sided and complex activity at almost every 
point with an understanding that has been prophetic. Associated 
with him were several brothers, but his remarkable personality 
has dominated them and the whole group allied with them. About 
twenty years ago Mr. Hellman transferred his headquarters to 
San Francisco, where he continues to demonstrate his rare achieve- 
ments in the financial and industrial world. 

In the development of the department store in California, we 
again meet a Jewish group whose work has been creative. Wein- 



WESTERN JEWRY 11 

stock & Lubin in Sacramento (the activities of the members of 
this firm will come in for fuller discussion elsewhere), Hamburger 
Brothers in Los Angeles, the Kahn and Abrahamson families in Oak- 
land, the Hochheimer Company in \A'illows and Bakersfield, Ra- 
phael Weill, the Davis family, the Dernhams, the Pragers of San 
Francisco are but a few of those merchant princes whose broad 
conception of the function of the department store has lifted their 
work to a scale of communal significance. 

Jews represent large local tobacco interests; M. A. Gunst 
& Company. Bachman, Ehrman, etc. In the provision line they 
play a large role: Haas, Brandenstein, Getz. John Rothschild, 
Sussman & Wormser, to mention but a very few of the larger 
dealers, many of whom are also engaged in the packing and can- 
ning industry. In fact, the great California Fruit Canners' Asso- 
ciation is to a large extent a "Jewish" corporation. The salmon 
packing industry has attracted much Jewish capital ; the New- 
man and Greenebaum names may be mentioned in this connection. 
Jesse W. Lilienthal has been the efficient president of the 
United Railways of San Francisco for several years past. 

With the development of the Alaska fur trade some of the most 
distinguished names in California's Jewish life have been associated. 
The Alaska Commercial Company, chief of whose stockholders were 
the Sloss, Gerstle, Wasserman, Greenebaum and Greenwald families, 
did yeoman service in the sealing and fur trade of Alaska and con- 
tributed in no little measure to the opening up of that territory. The 
activities of this company and of the Northern Commercial Company 
(developed by the same group) also included the important factor 
of transportation between California ports and Alaska. The H. Liebes 
Company has also been largely active in the distant North along sim- 
ilar lines. The John Rosenfeld's Sons' Company has been promi- 
nent in the coal and shipping industry between the port of San Fran- 
cisco and British Columbia. 

It is not our intention to catalogue the economic activities of 
the Jews of the State, but any review of these activities which does 
not take into consideration the part played by the Jews must neces- 
sarily fall short of completeness. Jews are found practically in every 
department of our business Hfe. In the financial, commercial and in- 
dustrial life of California the Jew has played and plays a big part. 
His commanding position in this side of the community life has given 
him no less prominence than his general participation in the other 
alTairs of the State. 

Probably no one thing was so indicative of the unusual position 
which the Jew has won for himself in San Francisco and in the State 
as was his splendid representation on the board of directors on the 
Panama-Pacific International Exposition. That spelled not only finan- 



12 WESTERN JEWRY 

cial importance but also indicated his social and communal strength. 
On the board we found Messrs. I. W. Hellman, Jr.. Leon Sloss. M. J. 
Brandenstein, Alfred Esberg, Rudolph Taussig, M. H. de Young and 
Andrew Davis, since deceased. Auxiliary directors were Messrs. 
Morris Meyerfeld, Jr., J. B. Levison and Herbert Fleishhacker. On 
the Ladies' Exposition Board were Mesdames Louis Sloss, M. C. Sloss, 
Jesse W. Lilienthal, L Lowenberg and L W. Hellman, Jr. 

In the professional field the Jews of California have played a help- 
ful role. Among the pioneer preachers the names of Julius Eckman, 
Elkan Cohn and Henry A. Henry stand out no less prominently than 
did that of Jacob Voorsanger in the generation of the Epigoni. Sol- 
omon Heydenfeldt, Henry A. Lyons and Max C. Sloss (still incumbent) 
have graced the Supreme Court bench of the State. Walter Levy 
and Marcel Cerf served on the bench of the Superior Court of the 
city and county of San Francisco. Messrs. A. T. Barnett, L M. Golden, 
M. Oppenheim, George Samuels and Henry L. Joachimsen have pre- 
sided over courts of lesser jurisdiction. Jesse W. Lilienthal (son of 
the distinguished rabbi of Cincinnati ) is head of the San Francisco 
Bar Association and generally active in all community enterprises. 
Joseph Naphtaly and Charles Ackerman are still names to conjure 
with — big men of a previous generation, when courage and knowl- 
edge were the qualifications of the local bar. Drs. Samuel Lilien- 
thal, Julius Rosenstirn, Albert Abrams, Joseph O. Hirschfelder, Al- 
fred Regensberger and Leo Newmark are but a few of the men of 
medical training who rose to distinction here in California. A whole 
host of younger men give promise for the future honor of the Jew in 
this line of activity, in which the Jew has so frequently enjoyed well- 
merited honor and distinction. 

Time and space do not permit the enumeration of all the Jews 
who have held public office in this State. Max Popper (Democrat) 
and Meyer Lissner (Progressive) have exercised a State control of 
the policies of their political organizations. The long and dis- 
tinguished service of the Hon. Julius Kahn in the House of Rep- 
resentatives is one of the finest chapters in our political history. 
The first Mayor (alcalde) of San Francisco, 1849, was Washington 
Bartlett, to whom reference has been made above. Adolph Sutro, of 
mining fame, was mayor of San Francisco (1894-96). His fight for 
the people's interests against the railroads was one of the most spec- 
tacular of local politics and of great significance for the freer devel- 
opment of the State. His great designs for his adopted city came to an 
untimely end with his death. Among his descendants there was no 
one found with big enough vision to continue them. The great baths, 
Sutro Heights, his library (partly destroyed 1906), Sutro Forest, his 
gift of a site to the Affiliated Colleges of the University of Cali- 
fornia — all betoken a big man, a man of great imagination and force 
of character. Legion is the number of Jews who have served on 



WESTERN JEWRY 13 

local boards of supervisors, in both houses of the State Legislature, 
State commissions and in minor official positions. Generally speak- 
ing, we may say that Jews in public office have discharged their duties 
faithfully. And where they have proven themselves faithless to their 
trust, the best Jewish sentiment has doubly condemned them. 

Honorable Harris Weinstock, formerly of Sacramento, now of 
San Francisco, has won for himself a unique place in the life of the 
State. He began life as a humble merchant, helped in developing 
his firm, Weinstock & Lubin, to a position of commanding importance 
and brought particular attention to himself by his splendid record 
in handling the labor problems of so large an institution. He has 
retired from active participation in his business, as has also his part- 
ner, David Lubin. Air. Lubin is the author of a volume of economic 
and philosophic studies entitled. "Let There Be Light." and is now 
the first president of the International Agricultural Institute at Rome, 
of which he was the founder. Mr. Weinstock's Hterary efforts con- 
sists first of all of his volume. "Jesus the Jew and Other Essays." 
and a large number of well-conceived and well-written papers on 
economic and sociological subjects. He was sent by former Governor 
Gillett around the world as a special representative of the Governor 
to investigate and report on the labor question and remedies for its 
solution in all civilized lands. Under Governor Hiram W. Johnson 
he has acted as a member of the Industrial xA.ccident Commission and 
is now doing pioneer work as State Market Commissioner. He was 
also a member of the Federal Commission on Industrial Relations, to 
which he was appointed by President Wilson. As a force for right- 
eousness in public life, there are few men in the .State who equal 
the modest Mr. Weinstock in power and in influence. 

In the philanthropic life of our various communities, the Jew 
has shown himself generous not only in supporting his own charities, 
but also liberal in his contributions to non-sectarian and public causes. 
Jews are numerous in the ranks of social workers; and probably no 
one stands out so prominently as a leader in this field as does Miss 
Jessica B. Peixotto of the Department of Economics of the State 
University. As a member of the State Board of Charities and Cor- 
rections, of which Rabbi Martin A. Meyer is the present chairman, 
she has done remarkable constructive work, particularly in the field 
of child caring. The work of Sidney Peixotto and his famous Colum- 
bia Park Boys' Club and that of the late Miss Ray Wolfsohn as 
head of the Girls' Club is worthy of more than this passing mention. 
The fame of their activities is Nation-wide and it can be well said 
that they have set new standards in their particular lines of social 
effort and activity. S. W. Levy (died 1916) was one of the founders 
of the Associated Charities of San Francisco and also of the first 



14 WESTERN JEWRY 

Free Kindergarten established in this city, in which work he was asso- 
ciated with the Honorable Julius Jacobs, at one time head of the local 
United States Sub-Treasury. 

In the cultural life of the State the Jew has been active and 
helpful as a patron and as a producer. Probably the teacher longest 
in service in the San Francisco public schools is Mrs. Mary Prag, one 
of the distinguished Goldsmith family, which arrived in San Fran- 
cisco in 1854. Mrs. Prag has been a veritable tower of strength in 
the educational work of the city and was the first one to propose a 
system of pensions for the teachers of the State. The list of men 
and women who have served faithfully in our public schools would 
rise to the proportions of a huge roster. In our State University 
Jacob Bert Reinstein (died 1912), I. \V. Hellman, Sr. (rank- 
ing by length of service) and Rudolph Taussig have acted as 
regents. I. W. Hellman, Jr., has been treasurer of this Board 
of Regents and recently resigned (1916), to be succeeded by 
Mortimer Fleishhacker. Quite a number of Jews have been mem- 
bers of the faculty. Besides Miss Peixotto, mentioned above. Professor 
Myer Jafifa, Professor Jacques Loeb, Dr. Max L. Margolis, Dr. Will- 
iam Popper, Rev. Dr. Jacob Voorsanger, Rev. Dr. Martin A. Meyer 
(these last four all of the Department of Semitics, founded by the 
late Dr. Voorsanger), Professor Ernest Wilcinzyski and a host of 
others, both in the academic and the professional schools, have ren- 
dered excellent service to the cause of higher education in the State. 
The University of California has been the object of generous bene- 
factions by Michael Reese, Levi Straus, Albert Bonnheim, Harris 
Weinstock, M. Nathan and the members of Temple Emanu-El of 
San Francisco, who purchased most of the valuable collections 
found in the Semitic library. Leon Sloss is a member of the Board 
of Trustees of Leland Stanford, Junior, University, located at Palo 
Alto. The growth in the number of Jewish students and graduates 
of these two universities is sending an ever-increasing number of 
our people into professional life and raising the general tone of 
the community. 

Nor have we been inactive in the literary world. Mrs. Isador 
(Betty) Lowenberg is the author of two well-written and thought- 
fully conceived novels. Miss Emma Wolf, a saintly and inspired 
invalid, is known to a large public through her charming romances. 
Miss Miriam Michelson has won good report through her romantic 
writing. Messrs. Frank Mandel and Maurice Samuels have both con- 
tributed to the literature of the theater. David Warfield and David 
Belasco, both Californians, have done much for the American stage 
as actor and producer. Local dramatics have been promoted by 
Messrs. Alf. Hayman, S. H. Friedlander, Davis & Belasco, Gottlob 
& Marx and Morris Meyerfield, Jr., Will Greenebaum— impresario 
— has for many years been responsible for the coming to San 



WESTERN JEWRY 15 

Francisco of many of the world's greatest artists. In the organiza- 
tion of the San Francisco Symphony the names of Messrs. E. S. Heller, 
John Rothschild, I. W. Hellman, Jr., Leon Sloss, Sig Stern and J. B. 
Levison are noted as founders and directors of this association. The 
names of many Jews are fotmd on the list of guarantors of this society. 
The Pacific Musical Society was organized some seven years ago, 
when discrimination was exercised against Jewish candidates for mem- 
bership in the then existing San Francisco Musical Society. While 
not a Jewish organization, the career of the Pacific Musical Society 
is of particular significance to the Jewish community of San Francisco. 
The late Madame Julie Rosewald, the late Samuel Fleishman, Sig- 
mund Beel, Nathan Landsberger, Allan Bier, the recently deceased 
Enid Brandt, Mabel Riegelman of grand opera fame, and Sir Henry 
Heyman (knighted by the late King of Hawaii), are among those 
who have distinguished themselves as performers in local musical 
circles. Cantor E. J. Stark of Temple Emanu-El, Albert Elkus, Fred 
Jacobi, P. I. Jacoby and Rosalie Hausman may be mentioned as local 
composers, whose work, no doubt, will some day engage the interest 
of a larger public. 

In the world of art, Toby Rosenthal has achieved international 
fame. Messrs. Joseph Greenebaum, Joseph Raphael, Miss Anne 
Bremer and the late Mrs. Sig (Olga) Ackerman, have a wider reputa- 
tion than the passing fame of local recognition. Edgar Walter 
is a sculptor of large attainments from whom we can expect to see 
more work within the next few years, during which time his talent 
should be most mature ; Ernest Peixotto combines charm of pen 
and brush, as evidenced in many volumes of travel and appreciation. 
Messrs. Reuben Goldberg and Herbert Roth, both San Francisco boys, 
have won considerable recognition as cartoonists. 

For their services rendered French literature and French culture 
M. Daniel Levy (died 1910) and Mile. Rebecca Godchaux, were deco- 
rated by the French Government with the ribbon of the "Palmes 
Academiques." 

The local Jewish community has even supplied three prizefighters 
for the ring — an achievement in which there can be some degree of 
satisfaction in view of the oft-repeated slander that the Jew lacks in 
physical courage — Joe Choyinski, Abe Attel and Sam Berger. 

In journalism, outside of purely Jewish effort, the Jew in Cali- 
fornia has not done much in marked contradistinction to his efforts 
along this line elsewhere. The de Young family is associated with 
the founding and the publishing of the San Francisco "Chronicle," 
one of the leading papers of the State. There have been numerous 
Jewish names associated with the local press, but none of them of 
outstanding distinction. 

So far we have dealt entirely with the relation of the Jew to the 
general community. \Ve have endeavored in this mere sketch to in- 



16 WESTERN JEWRY 

dicate his close relationship with all phases of California life. Time 
and space permitting, we might relate many interesting incidents in 
which the Jews participated, such historic events as the Vigilance Com- 
mittee, the establishment of the Stock Exchange, the introduction of 
fraternal organizations, such as the Masons, the exciting political de- 
bates preceding and during the early years of the Civil War, the 
intricate and thrilling working out of the race question and of the 
allied labor problems, the trying problems of relief and rehabilitation 
in the year of the great fire. The struggle against sectarianism in 
public life began early in the corporate history of California. As early 
as 1855 the Jews were compelled to unite with other liberal religionists 
to protest against the zealous but mistaken efforts of sectarians to 
foist their peculiar religious views upon the State. Up to the time 
of the present writing these protests have succeeded in staying the 
menace of such un-American activities. It would be mere idle chauvin- 
ism to assert that our record has been long and honorable. If justifi- 
cation be necessary, the Jew has fully justified his residence in this 
State. Whatever may have been his own problems — and they have 
been many — he has not failed in his duty to the community in which 
he lived. 

We now turn our attention to the story of the inner life and 
activities of the Jews in California. Naturally each locality has its 
own story to tell of settlement and organization. On some other occa- 
sion it is our hope to tell the detailed story of each Jewish settlement 
in California. Organized Jewish communities which call for such dis- 
cussion were found or are still to be found in Placerville, Grass \'alley, 
Sacramento, Oakland, Berkeley, Alameda, Santa Rosa, San Jose, 
Stockton, Fresno, Bakersfield, Sonora, San Bernardino, Los Angeles, 
San Diego, Santa Cruz and San Francisco. At present we must con- 
tent ourselves with the account of what the Jews did for themselves 
in the largest city of the State and of the Coast. In very large measure 
this story is typical of Jewish life elsewhere. 

By the time of the holy days in the fall of 1849, the number of 
Jews in San Franci.sco had grown to considerable proportions. As 
is but natural at this season of the year, the heart of the Jew turns 
to the thought of his God and to the practice of his religion. Ac- 
cordingly, arrangements were made for divine services. Following 
the rather meager and conflicting accounts of contemporary newspa- 
pers and of participants we note that two minyanim were held. They 
were patronized by two diflferent groups of Jews, the Germans and 
the Poles, and out of these modest beginnings developed congregations 
Emanu-El and Sherith Israel. There has been considerable debate 
as to the priority of the organization of these synagogues, but no sat- 
isfactory conclusion can be reached. Certain it is from documentary 
evidence that Congregation Emanu-El was already in existence before 
September, 1850, though not incorporated until the following year. 



WESTERN JEWRY 17 

Sherith Israel came into existence about the same time, so close as 
to give rise to this debate. 

In 1850 Emanuel Hart presented ground for a burial place to 
the Tews of San Francisco, located near what is now Vallejo and 
Gough streets. The first to be interred was a man named Johnson, 
a scion of a distinguished Cincinnati family. Till 1860 these grounds 
sufficed for the needs of the community. As they became overcrowded 
and inadequate, ground was bought by Congregation Emanu-El at 
Eighteenth and Dolores streets and named "The Home of Peace" 
cemetery. Congregation Sherith Israel bought the adjoining block 
about the same time. As early as 1886 it was realized that new and 
more spacious as well as more suitable accommodations must be found 
for the City of the Dead. Action by the Board of Supervisors de- 
manded the closing of these cemeteries by January 1. 1889. A con- 
siderable tract of land was purchased in San Mateo county, some ten 
miles from the city, and was jointly dedicated by the two congregations 
on Thanksgiving Day, 1888. Since then Congregation Beth Israel 
and Congregation Ohabai Shalome have acquired land in the immediate 
vicinity for similar purposes. The old cemetery in what is now Lin- 
coln Park (Thirty-third avenue), was acquired by the more orthodox 
portion of the community in the early sixties. It was closed and 
abandoned at the same time as the other cemeteries situated within 
the city limits. 

Originally both of the above-mentioned synagogues were ortho- 
dox in ritual and in observance : but very early in its history, Congre- 
gation Emanu-El began to evidence a progressive spirit, whereas 
Sherith Israel until comparatively recent times remained an exponent 
of orthodoxy. By 1854 Emanu-El had moved out of its temporary 
rented quarters and occupied a modest but dignified building on 
Broadway above Powell street. About the same time Sherith Israel 
established itself in a substantial structure on Stockton street near 
Broadway. Rev. Dr. Julius Eckman became the first rabbi of Emanu- 
El in 1854 and officiated at the dedication of both of these synagogue 
structures. Soon after his arrival he organized a mixed choir of 
men and women and established a religious school for Emanu-El. 
After a brief incumbency, dififerences arose between Dr. Eckman and 
the board of directors, which ended in his withdrawing from their 
service. The Rev. H. M. Bien acted as lecturer for the congregation 
for one year, 1856. It was not until 1860 that a regular incumbent 
for the pulpit was found in the person of the beloved Dr. Elkan Cohn, 
who ministered to his congregation until his death, 1889. In the 
meantime Congregation Sherith Israel led a no less checkered life 
course. It was not until the coming of the learned and loved Rabbi 
H. A. Henry that peace settled on its troubled waters. Dr. Henry 
'vas succeeded by Rev. Dr. Henry Vidaver, and since 1893 the Rev. 
Jacob Nieto has ministered to this congregation. In 1905 Sherith 



18 WESTERN JEWRY 

Israel moved into its present beautiful temple on Webster and Cali- 
fornia streets, from its location on Taylor and Post streets, which 
corner it had occupied after disposing of its Stockton street property. 

With the coming of Dr. Elkan Cohn, reform tendencies began 
to assert themselves more and more in Emanu-El, many of whose 
members had already evidenced considerable sympathy with progressive 
ideas and usages. This friction gradually developed till in 1864, there 
was a secession of a large part of the membership and an orthodox 
congregation, Ohabai Shalome, was organized. This secession came 
at a particularly critical time in the life of the congregation, as Emanu- 
El had just undertaken the building of a new synagogue — still its 
home — which was dedicated March 23, 1866 The best known and 
most distinguished leader of Ohabai Shalome was the late Dr. A. 
Bettelheim. The present incumbent of this pulpit is Rabbi Herman 
Rosenwasser, who in 1914 sticceeded Rabbi B. M. Kaplan. The con- 
gregation has preserved its orthodox attitude towards Jewish relig- 
ious life during the half century of its existence, despite many attempts 
to divert it from its original loyalty. 

After the secession of the orthodox group, the reform element 
in Emanu-El had a free hand and proceeded to institute various inno- 
vations in the liturgy. It is interesting to note that a conservative 
spirit has always animated San Francisco Jewry, even in its most 
advanced and liberal group, so that none of the excesses of radicalism 
has ever been visited upon this community. In 1887 Jacob V^oor- 
sanger was elected associate to the aging Rabbi Elkan Cohn, and 
assumed the full responsibility of the congregation upon the latter's 
death in 1889. Dr. Voorsanger was a man of great power and of 
remarkable personality. He made himself a leader in the community 
in every sense of the word and up to the time of his lamentable death 
in 1908 his name and fame grew. His good works had made the whole 
city, not only the Jewish citizens, his debtor. 

In 1860 Congregation Beth Israel was organized on conservative 
lines. Today it occupies a large and commodious structure on Geary 
street above Fillmore and is the leading factor in the life of the ortho- 
dox portion of our community. There have been numerous smaller 
congregations, in the city and since the coming of the Russian immi- 
grant their number has grown apace. We mention the Nevah Zedek, 
formerly situated on California and Stockton streets ; the Beth Alena- 
hem Streisand, on Minna street near Fifth; the Keneseth Israel (be- 
fore the fire on Russ street, later amalgamated with the William Wolf 
Congregation on Geary street near Octavia, and but recently re-estab- 
lished on Webster street near Golden Gate avenue) ; the Bnai David, 
on Nineteenth street near Valencia ; the Anshe Sfard, on Golden Gate 
avenue near Webster ; the Chevrah Tillim, on Russ street, and a 
number of smaller associations in various parts of the city. In pro- 



WESTERN JEWRY 19 

portion to the size of the Jewish community (about 35,000) the city 
is well provided with synagogues, religious schools and the like. 

At this point we must mention a fact of considerable importance 
and significance when the religious life of the local Jewish community 
is considered. In the last twenty-five years a number of young men, 
native born, have been prepared by the local rabbis for the rabbinate, 
and a number of them already occupy pulpits of importance in Amer- 
ican Israel. The tragic death of the promiseful Armand Lazarus at the 
very portal of a brilliant career is only the sadder because of the success 
of several of the younger men whom his teacher, the late Dr. Voor- 
sanger, prepared for their life careers. Judah Leon Magnes, Martin 
A. Meyer, Elkan C. Voorsanger, Rudolph I. Coffee and Edgar F. 
Magnin may be mentioned as the young men whom San Francisco and 
Oakland have sent out into the Jewish world for Jewish service and 
leadership. At the present time there are three students at the Hebrew 
Union College in Cincinnati. A community can not be said to be 
religiously decadent so long as it continues to give inspiration to young 
men for such careers. 

In addition to the religious schools maintained by the various 
congregations as well as a number of private chedarim, the Jewish 
Educational Society maintains free schools for instruction in Hebrew, 
Jewish history and religion in various sections of the city where the 
number of Jewish residents requires such work. The Educational 
Society was originally a B'nai B'rith activity, but this organization 
found it difficult to continue the support of the schools. The society 
was organized in 1897 and was maintained largely by the untiring ef- 
forts of Rabbis Nieto and Voorsanger and the late Jacob Greenebaum. 

True to Jewish tradition that "Gemiluth Chasodim," doing kindly 
acts, is one of the pillars of the social order and a peculiar charac- 
teristic of the sons of Israel, the pioneer Jews organized relief so- 
cieties almost immediately after they realized that their residence was 
to be permanent in this western land. Moved by that Jewish pride 
to care for their own poor and by the experience of an increasing 
number of needy co-religionists for whom the Argonaut journey had 
not wrought fortune, the Jews of the new city organized two benevo- 
lent societies the same year, 1851. Unfortunately geographical dis- 
tinctions were again observed, sowing the seeds of a regrettable split 
in the community and creating difficulties for the future. In 1855 the 
Ladies' Lmited Hebrew Benevolent Society was organized and in 1876 
the Jewish Ladies' Relief Society. So many organizations with similar 
objects were not calculated to work out the community's problems of 
relief satisfactorily. Recognizing the need of closer co-operation, for 
the prevention of fraud and the duplication of effort, the Hebrew Board 
of Relief was organized in 1900, the above-mentioned societies con- 
stituting its membership. The bulk of the relief work of the Jewish 



20 WESTERN JEWRY 

community is handled through this central organization, which acts as 
a clearing house for the Jewish poor. 

Numerous other Jewish organizations have sprung into existence, 
some to languish and pass away, others to flourish and accomplish their 
mission in part at any rate. The Hebrew Ladies' Sewing Society 
(1869), the Helpers (1889), the Free Burial Society (1888) and the 
Free Loan Association (1897) have all their happy share in the altru- 
istic work of the Jewish community. Of a more educational nature are 
the Emanu-El Sisterhood (incorporated 1902, though organized several 
years earlier) and the Young Men's Hebrew Association, which has 
survived many vicissitudes of organization and reorganization. Latest 
comer in the field is the Pacific Coast Branch of the Hebrew Immi- 
grant Aid Society (established 1915), whose general functions are too 
well known to call for elaboration. 

In 1871 the Pacific Hebrew Orphan Asylum and Home Society 
was organized for the care of dependent children and the aged poor; 
in 1887 Mount Zion Hospital was incorporated for the care of the sick 
poor, and in 1889 a rival Old Folks' Home was called into existence. 
Its policy has been more in accord with the practices of orthodox 
Jewish life and the aged sick and semi-invalided have been admitted. 
In this way San Francisco Jewry has endeavored to meet the de- 
mands made on its good heart and its resources on behalf of its de- 
pendent classes. We have not tried to elaborate the story of the 
work of these various societies nor discuss their policies. Mere 
enumeration must suffice. 

In 1910, after several years of unceasing effort, a Federation 
of Jewish Charities of San Francisco was finally organized. All of 
the above-mentioned societies with the exception of the Young Men's 
Hebrew Association became constituents of the federation. The in- 
crease in support was notable from the start. The first year, 1910, 
about $120,000 was collected, and this has increased from year to 
year so that $148,000 represented the community's contribution for 
Jewish relief work in 1915. This co-operative movement has proven 
itself a marked success and has advanced far beyond the experi- 
mental stage. San Francisco points with pride and satisfaction to 
its move in this direction. The first president of the federation was 
the Hon. Max C. Sloss ; the president incumbent is I. W. Hellman, Jr. 

In the Russian Jewish community there exists a large number of 
small organizations whose object is the immediate relief of appli- 
cants for aid. So far none of the minimum requirements of scientific 
relief have been applied to their work. But like their older brothers of 
the Americanized group, if they live they will learn to do their good 
work in an increasingly efficient manner. 

The social life of the community has been well looked after. The 
Argonaut, Concordia and Alta Clubs are what we may call Jewish 
city clubs, and the recently organized Beresford Club meets the de- 



WESTERN JEWRY 21 

mands of those who enjoy country sports. Our ladies have a culture 
club, the Philomath, now in the twenty-second year of its existence; 
and the local section of the Council of Jewish Women, almost one 
thousand strong, is now completing its fifteenth year. The Independent 
Order of B'nai B'rith was introduced into the city by Louis Abrahams, 
afterwards of Washington, D. C. in 1855 ; the first Grand Lodge was 
organized in 1863 by Baruch Rothschild and Jacob Greenebaum, then 
of Sacramento. Numerous Chevras attest the fraternal spirit among 
our people and in particular to their readiness to co-operate for altru- 
istic ends. The oldest of these Chevras, "Bikkur Cholim," was or- 
ganized in 1857 and continues its activity down to the present day. 
The Orders of Brith Abraham are well represented and the Kesher 
Shel Barzel still drags on a dwindling existence. 

Jewish journalism has flourished in this city. As early as 1855 
Dr. Eckman founded the first Jewish paper on the Coast. "The 
Gleaner." This was followed by the "Voice of Israel." which was 
jointly edited and published by H. IM. Bien and L. L. Dennery. Sub- 
sequently (1860-61) H. M. Bien made another journalistic ven- 
ture under the title of the "Jewish Messenger of the Pacific." Philo 
Jacoby has published "The Hebrew" continuously since 1863. The 
"Hebrew Observer," established in 1856 by William Saalsburg was 
later amalgamated with the "Jewish Times," which had been estab- 
Hshed in 1855. The Rev. M. S. Levy has been the editor of this joint 
publication for more than a quarter of a century. The "Jewish 
Progress" continued its life for full twenty-five years from the date 
of its establishment in 1876. At one time Dr. Jacob Voorsanger was 
its editor. In 1895 he established with his brother, A. W. \'oorsanger. 
"Emanu-El," with which he was associated up to the time of his death. 
For a few years (1900) Rabbi Jacob Nieto published the "New Occi- 
dent," a monthly journal of news and views. Though not strictly a 
Jewish journal, mention must be made of the "Public Opinion." edited 
and published by the eccentric but brilliant I. Choyinski. For many 
years Mr. Choyinski contributed a weekly column of biting comment to 
the "American Israelite" of Cincinnati, under the pen name of Maftir. 
It can hardly be claimed that many of these journals reached a high 
standard of excellence. The editorials and occasional articles from 
the pen of Dr. \'oorsanger were at all times brilliant and forceful. 
These journals have served a useful purpose in preserving the details 
of local Jewish efi'orts, in cementing the community, in forming Jewish 
public opinion, and in carrying a Jewish message to the Jews in out- 
lying country districts. 

It is a goodly story, we take it, that of the Jews of this State. 
It deserves full and detailed treatment to do it justice and to pay the 
merited tribute to those men who helped build its foundations lasting 
and strong. The pioneer days are growing remote. Few of the pio- 
neers themselves are left in the land. There are now many gray- 











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WESTERN JEWRY 23 

haired men and women who spent their childhood here in the first 
decades of the city's hfe. Many precious records have been lost. 
Memory is growing dim and confused. It is time that every effort 
be made to preserve even the minutest record of those brave days. 

It is ever pleasanter to prophesy than to record, for prophecy 
knows no control as does sober history. We, too, would fain exer- 
cise the prophetic privilege and predict great things for the Jews of 
this community, of this State and of the Coast. Without doubt, with 
the opening of the new era of history that 1915 inaugurated, great 
achievements, both economic and spiritual, will mark the life of the 
peoples of the Pacific Coast. 

Let the Tew do his duty and contribute his best, as he has in the 
past, to the realization of our hope and our prophecy, so that the 
ancient word may be worthily fulfilled — "From the rising of the sun 
till its going down, let the name of the Lord be praised." 

April, 1916. 

The Pacific Hebrew Asylum and 
Home Society 

"Ah! What would the world be to us 
If the children were no more? 
We should dread the desert behind us 
Worse than the dark before." 

— Longfellow. 

THE object of these lines should in no way be construed as 
an attempt to present a detailed and complete history of the 
Pacific Hebrew Orphan Asylum and Home Society. The 
forty-four reports published by the society will afiford the inquirer 
ample opportunity to learn what this splendid institution has ac- 
complished during the many years of its existence. But even a 
casual reference to it requires that mention be made of the Inde- 
pendent Order B'nai B'rith, which organization was instrumental 
in its establishment. 

The records in the office of the grand secretary of the B'nai 
B'rith ; the original investigations of Grand Secretary Aschheim 
as embodied in the forty-first annual report of the order ; the lucid 
references relative to the origin and establishment of a Jewish 
orphan home as contained in the historical sketch of the order by 
Edmund Tauszky — all established the fact beyond peradventure 
that such sturdy Jewish pioneers as Jacob Greenebaum of beloved 
memory, Louis Kaplan, Seixas Solomons and other leaders in the 
B'nai B'rith were the prime movers among those who conceived 
the establishment of a home for Jewish orphans on the Pacific 
Coast. 

District No. 4, I. O. B. B., will ever remain the loving parent 
of our orphan asylum. True, the first committee under the chair- 



WESTERN JEWRY 25 

manship of Rev. Dr. Elkan Cohn at its meeting (March 28, 1871) 
unanimously decided to recommend that a Jewish orphan home 
in San Francisco be established and maintained "by individual 
contributions and subscriptions." Yet, that the B'nai B'rith had 
taken the initiative in this noble enterprise and that its members, 
with money and personal service gave birth to its organization, must 
ever remain an integral part of the home's history. 

Four months after Dr. Elkan Cohn's committee had submitted 
its report a general meeting was held on July 25, 1871, at which 
p-atherine fifteen g-entlemen were elected a board of trustees for 

O c> i^ ^ 

the proposed orphan asylum to serve for ninety days, to-wit: 
Messrs. I. F. Bloch, P. Berwin, H. Greenberg, Isaac Wormser, 
Alfred P. Elfert, Joseph Brandenstein, Rev. Dr. Elkan Cohn, Wm. 
Steinhart, S. Sweet, L. Sachs, S. W. Levy, E. Wertheimer, C. 
Meyer, A. Bloch and M. Morgenthau. 

The first meeting of this board resulted in the election of the 
following officers: President, Isaac Wormser; vice-president, C. 
Meyer; treasurer, Lipman Sachs. Later Jacob Greenebaum, hav- 
ing ofifered his services gratuitously, was elected secretary. The 
following year Leo Eloesser was elected secretary, solicitor and 
collector for the society. At that time the chairman of the board 
of governors reported that the society had seven children under 
its guardianship, which, pending the erection of a permanent home, 
were being boarded out at dififerent places. 

Shortly afterwards the doors of a well-furnished house, with 
ample playgrounds and gardens, were opened for the reception of 
sixteen orphan children. This gratifying result, which could 
scarcely have been expected in so short a space of time, can only 
be ascribed to the alacrity and cheerfulness with which a large 
number of our co-religionists had responded to the appeal to their 
generosity, and which it is earnestly hoped will be gratefully re- 
corded by the future historian of the society. 

From this modest beginning the Pacific Hebrew Orphan 
Asylum and Home Society grew and prospered under the fostering 
care of that noble band of Jews, whose big hearts had not ceased 
to throb with loving sympathy for the orphan until the Angel of 
Death had laid her soft hands upon their brows and Mother Earth 
received their precious remains. 

It continued to grow from year to year, until, according to last 
year's report, the orphans under the care of the society now num- 
ber one hundred and eighty-seven, of which eighty-nine are boys 
and ninety-eight are girls. This report also shows that the society 
cares for thirty old people in its home on Silver avenue. 

Yet when it is remembered that the present Jewish popula- 
tion is nearly six times as large as it was in 1872 and 1873, one 
can not but conclude that the support given the orphan asylum 



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WESTERN JEWRY 27 

(either through direct membership or through membership in the 
Federation of Jewish Charities, of which the home is now a con- 
stituent part) has not grown in proportion to the growth of the 
Jewish communities of San Francisco and elsewhere. 

The Pacific Hebrew Orphan Asylum and Home Society, above 
all the other splendid Jewish charitable institutions, is a sacred 
trust to which every man that subscribes himself by the name of 
Jew owes allegiance. 

Mount Zion Hospital 

OVER a quarter of a century has elapsed since Mount Zion 
Hospital was founded or, to be exact, on November 3, 
1887, at the residence of Frederick L. Castle, corner of Van 
Ness avenue and Sutter street. The first meeting was attended by 
upwards of forty prominent Jewish citizens. Considerable en- 
thusiasm, as well as energy, appears to have been displayed as a 
committee was immediately appointed to arrange for the incor- 
poration, which took place two days later. This was promptly 
followed by another meeting on November 7th of that year, at 
which permanent officers were elected and a committee appointed 
to canvass for subscriptions. This committee labored for over a 
year and on December 18, 1888, a general meeting was held in the 
vestry-room of Temple Emanu-El, when subscriptions were an- 
nounced aggregating $32,000 and a constitution and by-laws 
adopted. The committee continued its efforts for another year with 
moderate success, and in April, 1890, a large piece of land was 
acquired on Point Lobos avenue at a cost of $20,000, the remaining 
funds being invested in bonds until such time as the institution 
would be in a position to build its own hospital. For the si.x years 
following no progress seems to have been made, notwithstanding 
the fact that in October, 1894, a committee on hospital building was 
appointed, when in September, 1896, new blood was infused into 
the institution and fresh enthusiasm aroused by a donation obtained 
through the efiforts of Walter M. Castle of $5000 from Baroness de 
Hirsch, widow of the great Jewish philanthropist. 

While the question of hospital quarters was being considered 
Dr. Julius Rosenstirn made an offer, which was accepted, of his 
building at the southeast corner of Sutter and Hyde streets, rent 
free, until such time as a proper building could be secured, so that 
in January, 1897, Mount Zion became a hospital in fact as well as 
in name. A medical staff was appointed, the building suitably fur- 
nished, twelve beds installed and practical work commenced. It 
became apparent almost at once that the building was entirely 
inadequate to meet the demands, and the following year the com- 



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WESTERN JEWRY 29 

mittee was instructed to find larger and permanent quarters. They 
finally decided on the property on Sutter street, between Scott and 
Divisadero, on which stood a residence. The building was en- 
larged to suit the purposes of the hospital, formally dedicated and 
opened on May, 1899. Thus for the first time was it brought home 
to the Jewish community that Mount Zion Hospital had come to 
stay and intended to demonstrate beyond question that its efforts 
and work were deserving of support. 

For the succeeding seven years the growth was even and 
steady, the building enlarged, the number of beds increased, the 
membership added to and the donations and bequests all that could 
be expected when in April, 1906, the great disaster occurred over- 
whelming Mount Zion as it did every institution of its kind in San 
Francisco. The situation during the following summer became so 
serious as to make its friends tremble for its very existence. The 
membership fell away badly, which, of course, meant a material 
reduction in income. The number of patients applying for treat- 
ment increased considerably, which meant greater expense, and it 
was simply out of the question to as much as think of soliciting 
any donations or obtaining any assistance whatever at that time. 

By carefully husbanding resources, by the practice of extreme 
economy and with the generous assistance of the Red Cross So- 
ciety, the board in 1908 commenced to discuss the possibility of 
raising: funds for the construction of a new building, the necessity 
of which was becoming more and more pronounced. It w^as no 
small matter to go out into a community that had been stricken 
as San Francisco had been and raise so large a sum as a quarter of 
a million dollars, which was required to carry on the work. It was 
through the munificent offer of I. W. Hellman, who donated the 
sum of $100,000 for the erection of a building in memory of his 
beloved wife, Esther Hellman, one who in her lifetime had been 
interested in the hospital and its work and had herself been one of 
its staunchest supporters, that the building was made possible. 
Although with this handsome donation as a nucleus, the directors 
did not feel that the time had arrived to endeavor to obtain the 
additional amount required. In fact tentative plans were drawn 
for the construction of such a building as Mr. Hellman's donation 
alone would give, on the Point Lobos lot, but the board responding 
finally to the arguments of the optimistic members, abandoned this 
idea and resolved in November, 1909, to dispose of the Point Lobos 
avenue property and purchase a lot more central and accessible. 

The following spring the fifty-vara lot upon which Mount Zion 
Hospital now stands was acquired and the Point Lobos property 
was sold. No headway had been made in the direction of a new 
building until October, 1910, when the board decided to sell bonds 
for the hospital outright instead of asking for subscriptions, with 



30 WESTERN JEWRY 

the result that the entire amount required, viz., $150,000 was sub- 
scribed by June, 1911. During the time the architects were at 
work with the plans, and preparations were being made, a donation 
of $20,000 was received from Mrs. M. S. Grinbaum in memory of 
her husband, so that $270,000 was in the treasury, which sum was 
sufficient to carry the building on to completion. 

The laying of the cornerstone of the new Mount Zion Hospital 
was an historic event in San Francisco and marked an epoch 
in Jewish history in the West. Many of those who participated in 
the ceremonies, August 14, 1912, were present when Mount Zion 
Hospital first opened its doors. 

In the Mount Zion Hospital there are 114 beds, twenty-eight 
private rooms for pay patients, six pay wards with four beds each, 
two male and two female free wards of ten beds each ; a children's 
free ward with ten beds, two free maternity wards with four private 
rooms for pay patients in the maternity service in addition. A very 
important feature of the hospital is its training school for nurses, 
which stands second to none in San Francisco. 

The doors of Mount Zion Hospital are open to all who need 
medical or surgical treatment, regardless of race or creed, notwith- 
standing that it is being maintained exclusively by Jews. 



San Francisco Federation of 
Jewish Charities 

THIS organization was the pet child of the late and lamented 
Rev. Dr. Jacob Voorsanger. It was his theory that a com- 
bination of the different charitable organizations would 
work for the good of the communitv and promote greater efficiency 
at a minimum cost in philanthropic service. It has since been 
thoroughly realized that where relief and charity are extended, 
either by the individual or by charity organizations having no 
common purposes, the results are negligible. Imposition and non- 
systematized relief have caused the loss of a great deal of money 
contributed for charitable purposes in San Francisco as well as in 
other large cities throughout the country. 

Under the Federation, the whole subject of Jewish relief cen- 
ters in a business-like administration whose work is systematic 
and thorough, whose employes understand its methods, thus dimin- 
ishing imposition and giving help and providing means for self- 
support with that degree of efficiency heretofore unknown under 
the old plan of relief work. 

It was just a short time before the great catastrophe of April 
18, 1906, that the philanthropic leaders of the San Francisco Jew- 



WESTERN JEWRY 31 

ish community were advocating — impressed by the pleadings of 
Dr. V'oorsanger for organization — the grand system of the federating 
of various benevolent and charitable societies into one great con- 
stitution. 

The consolidation of the various communal, philanthropic 
societies into one central system was shown to be not an experi- 
ment, it had been tried and tested in a number of large cities such 
as Cincinnati, Chicago, Boston, Philadelphia, St. Louis, Cleveland, 
Kansas City, Detroit, Milwaukee and other communities. It was 
the consensus of opinion as expressed by the seasoned and experi- 
enced charity workers in those communities that the federation of 
charitable societies had become an imperative necessity in the 
science of philanthropy. 

To quote from the preamble of the plan which finally brought 
about after many years of well-meaning opposition on the part of 
some of the leaders : "The experience of Jewish eleemosynary, edu- 
cational and philanthropical organizations in other cities had demon- 
strated that regular contributions towards their maintenance had 
been increased and greater etificiency and economy attained in pro- 
curing and collecting subscriptions by a union of these organiza- 
tions for these purposes, thus enabling them to enlarge their use- 
fulness, more effectively administer their internal affairs and ac- 
complish greater good, and it having thus been made evident that 
a similar union of kindred institutions will produce right results, 
and it is proposed to form a Federation of Jewish Charities at San 
Francisco." 

It is gratifying to note that since its formation the federation 
has justified its organization by greater efficiency, greater income 
for charitable purposes and better results in the promotion of well- 
being among the poor and the needy. The constituent societies 
of the Federation of Jewish Charities of San Francisco are: Emanu- 
El Sisterhood, Eureka Benevolent Society, First Hebrew Benevo- 
lent Society, Free Burial Society (Chevra Kedusha), Free Loan 
Association (Chevra Gemilus Chasodim), Hebrew Home for Aged 
Disabled, Hebrew Ladies' Sewing Society, Jewish Educational So- 
ciety, Jewish Ladies' Relief Society, Ladies' United Hebrew Be- 
nevolent Society, Blount Zion Hospital, Pacific Hebrew Orphan 
Asylum and Home Society, The Helpers. 



San Francisco Section Council 
Jewish Women 

Under date of April 9, 1916, Mrs. Henry Sahlein, one of the 
leaders in the Council of Jewish Women in California, writes as fol- 
lows : 

Mr. A. W. Voor Sanger, 

Editor of the ' Emonu-El." 

Dear Sir: 

Enclosed you will find an article on the San Francisco Section 
of the Council of Jewish Women, written by Mrs. Mark Neumann, 
a past president and the woman above all others who should contribute 
the same to "Western Jewry," as she has held her finger upon the 
pulse of this organization since its inception and has kept strict ac- 
count of its heart beats. At the time of the great disaster of 1906, 
when disintegration had well-nigh taken place, when for a time people 
were scattered in their interests as well as their residences, she fanned 
with her indomitable zeal the dwindling enthusiasm and directed the 
activities of the small group she was able to hold into channels that 
carried the influence of the council into hitherto unreached quarters; 
and so, in this way, she was able to reorganize, and her successors, 
among whom are Mrs. Myer Friedman, Mrs. L. C. Levy. ]Mrs. Louis 
Hertz, Mrs. David Hirschberg and Miss Ada Goldsmith, have builded 
w-ell upon her foundation. 

Through these succeeding administrations her interest has never 
flagged and her kindly counsel has been welcomed by all those for 
whom she preserved this organization that from its founding fulfilled 
a long-needed but by the many unrecognized want, antedating as it 
did the Temple Sisterhoods, serving as an outlet for the growing rest- 
lessness — the pent-up energies of those among us who for their leisure 
hours needed a new field of activity. 

And so, Mr. Editor, herein is the reason that I delegated to an- 
other the piece of work you honored me by conferring. 

Very truly. 

C.\RnLINE S.\HLEIN. 

August 28, 1900, a triumphant call was sounded for all the inter- 
ested Jewish women to assemble in the Sabbath school rooms of the 
old Temple Emanu-El for the purpose of organizing a Council of 
Jewish Women. The meeting was called to order by Rev. Dr. Jacob 
Voorsanger, who introduced Mrs. M. C. Sloss, pro tem, who. in turn, 
presented Chairman Miss Sadie American, general secretary of the 
National Council of Jewish Women. Then, in an address of forty-five 
minutes, in which Miss American explained the aims, work and hopes 
of the Council, was the San Francisco Section of the Council of Jewish 
Women organized. After several preliminary meetings in which the 
ofiicers were chosen, an outline of the work of the ensuing year ar- 
ranged, the first regular meeting was held November 28, 1900. Dr. 



WESTERN JEWRY 33 

Voorsanger was always ready to co-operate and advise with tlie 
Council and organized a Bible class with about one hundred members, 
who attended regularly for years; he also organized a current topic 
section which had a large following. Today — 1916 — we are an organi- 
zation of nearly one thousand women, which has brought and kept 
together Jewish women, irrespective of congregational or social affilia- 
tions. Today we work hand in hand with sectarian and non-sectarian 
bodies in the advancement of the public welfare. The Council has con- 
tributed its share in developing Jewish home life ; has stimulated mental 
activity and has been the means of inspiring women with a greater 
and deeper interest and an insight into the beauties of Jewish life, 
learning and literature. It has aroused among women hitherto indif- 
ferent a deeper interest in civic affairs. It has taught our women the 
meaning of personal service; to bring a spiritual ray of light to the 
blind ; to send a word of cheer to the unfortunates in our penal institu- 
tions ; to take an active interest in juvenile delinquents. We hold out 
the beacon light of hope and courage to the immigrant who, landing 
in a strange country, amid strange conditions, is taught to become a 
self-reliant, self-supporting member of the community. 

Today our philanthropic section boasts of a neighborhood house in 
an outlying district of our city, with mothers' clubs, girls' clubs, sewing 
and embroidery classes, English classes, domestic science, facilities for 
baths and a large circulating library (a paid worker). In a word, one 
hundred and thirty-five children and fifty mothers are being taught edu- 
cation, uplift and a righteous way of life. The late Dr. Blaustein was 
here a few years ago and said : "The greatest settlement houses have 
sprung from just such a little nucleus as this. You are doing good 
work." This section is entirely supported by voluntary subscribers 
within our ranks. 

We also are pioneers in the matter of a home teacher, a social 
worker who tries to uplift the homes of our people in the thickly popu- 
lated districts. She co-operates with the public school in that locality 
and forms a link between the school and the home. We are a big or- 
ganization and we have grown in strength, power and influence. We 
have earned the right to inscribe "Forward Movement" on our banner. 
May we grow to a greater and greater influence for good; thus may 
we strengthen and emphasize the significance of our motto for "Faith 
and Humanity." Hattie M. Neumann. 



Emanu-El Sisterhood for Personal Service 

IN tracing the history of the Emanu-El Sisterhood for Personal 
Service, certain high lights of aims and accomplishments shine 
out encouragingly, illuminating paths already traversed and 
serving as beacon guides for undertakings and explorations of the 
future. Among these, none stands out more prominently than the 
Boarding Home for Jewish Working Girls which the Sisterhood 
maintains and has maintained for many years, evolving from very 
small beginnings to the present dwelling place on the corner of 
Golden Gate avenue and Steiner street, within walking distance 
of the downtown district. Here in quarters which seemed spacious 
and attractive a few years ago, a veritable haven after the holo- 
caust of 1906, the work and scope of the Sisterhood activities have 
grown to such proportions that larger and adequate housing facili- 
ties are now imperative. 

The Emanu-El Sisterhood was organized to exercise an edu- 
cational, social and humanitarian influence on all those that come 
within its confines. It has established a neighborhood house where 
young and old can daily gather and find a cheerful guide, ready to 
greet and advise them. 

Since 1894 this organization has been in existence. It was 
founded by the late Rabbi Jacob Voorsanger, who was a great in- 
spiration to the officers and encouraged them to continue with the 
work of caring for the education and training of the children, 
and also providing homes for the orphan and friendless and hos- 
pitals for the sick and crippled. 

The first board of directors was composed of Mrs. Bella Lil- 
lienthal, Mrs. Wm. Haas, Mrs. Matilda Esberg and Mrs. Ignatz 
Steinhart. The work under the board of managers at that time 
was unceasing, and the steady growth in membership and the dif- 
ferent industrial branches and domestic sciences has been a source 
of satisfaction to all who are interested in this work. 

The present quarters of the Emanu-El Sisterhood on the south- 
west corner of Steiner street and Golden Gate avenue is the only 
boarding house of its kind in San Francisco. It is for Jewish 
working girls who, self-supporting and self-respecting, need the 
vitalizing, humanizing influence of home surroundings and family 
affection. Girls graduating from the orphanage, others temporarily 
or permanently separated from their families in other cities, still 
others seeking employment or health in California, and having no 
near-relatives to whom to go, constitute the majority of the resident 
girls at present. 

This is in no sense a house of refuge for wayward, willful girls, 
or for parents or relatives desiring to shift their responsibilities. It 
is a home in its highest sense, for the homeless Jewish working 



WESTERN JEWRY 3':^ 

girl, be she dependent or independent so far as funds or watchful 
guidance are concerned. This is emphasized because of questions 
emanating from both workers and applicants, and because a certain 
vital something will be lost if the idea becomes prevalent that it is 
an institution of either charitable or correctional aspect. 

For two in a room, breakfast and dinner at home, and lunches 
carried to work, the girls pay $3, $3.50 and $4 per week, dependent 
upon their earning capacity. For single rooms, girls earning be- 
tween $40 and $60 a month or more, pay $5 per week, in all grada- 
tions of which, laundry and ironing. 

The institution maintains also classes in stenography and 
typewriting, and through the diligent efiforts of the Sisterhood's em- 
ployment committee many girls who received their instruction 
under the guidance of the Sisterhood have been placed in remun- 
erative positions. Sewing and dressmaking classes are conducted 
by the Sisterhood and the results thus far have been most grati- 
fying. The organization's attitude towards the young women 
under its care has always been one of warm-hearted solicitude. 
The plans that were started in 1915 for the erection of a building 
in keeping with the organization's growing importance have been 
temporarily postponed until economic conditions shall have im- 
proved. The Emanu-El Sisterhood is a lasting monument to its 
founders and is recognized in the community of San Francisco and 
elsewhere for intelligent and efificient work for the uplift of hu- 
manity. The officers and directors for 1916 are : 
Miss Ethel R. Feineman, resident director. 
Council of Administration — Mrs. M. Esberg, president; Mrs. 
A. L. Lengfeld, first vice-president ; Mrs. Rosalie Kaufman, second 
vice-president; Mrs. Jesse Steinhart, third vice-president; Mrs. 
Joseph Ehrman, treasurer; Mrs. M. C. Sloss, corresponding secre- 
tary ; Miss Jeanette Pauson, recording secretary ; Mrs. I. S. Acker- 
man, auditor. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents — Mrs. Clara Baum, Mrs. Lewis 
Gerstle, Mrs. I. Lowenberg, Mrs. J. Voorsanger, Mrs. L. P. Wiel. 
Directors — Mrs. H. U. Brandenstein, Mrs. A. L. Brown, Mrs. 
J. R. Davidson, Morgan Gunst, Mrs. F. A. Haber, ]Mrs. Helen 
Hecht, Mrs. E. S. Heller, Mrs. S. W. Heller, Mrs. S. S. Kahn, Mrs. 
M. S. Koshland, Mrs. J. B. Levison, Mrs. Milton Levi, Mrs. J. W. 
Lilienthal, Mrs. Martin A. Meyer, Mrs. J. H. Neustadter, Mrs. Her- 
bert Rothschild, Mrs. M. Salz, Mrs. Chas. Schlessinger, Mrs. 
Ernest Sultan, Mrs. Joseph Sloss, Mrs. Sigmund Stern, Mrs. L N. 
Walter, Mrs. S. L Wormser. 

Advisory Board — Isaiah Choynski, Milton H. Esberg, J. S. 
Friedlander, E. R. Lilienthal, J. M. Rothchild, Leon Sloss, L W. 
Hellman, Jr., Dr. Martin A. Meyer. 



INDEPENDENT ORDER B'NAI B'RITH 

An Historical Sketch of the Order Written by Edmund 

Tauszky, Esq., for the Golden Jubilee in 1905 

Condensed and Brought Up to Date 

By I. J. ASCHHEIM 

THE Independent Order of B'nai B'rith had its beginning in 
the city of New York some sixty years (now seventy) ago. 
The then existing Jewish colony in New York City naturally 
contained many diversified elements, and harmony of thought and 
sentiment was by no means prevalent in its midst. Actuated by 
a desire to be of service to their brethren, a number of the broader 
and more far-sighted among them inaugurated a movement for 
the formation of an organization of Israelites that was to unite 
them yet closer in the bond of brotherhood and that was to enter 
upon the work of promoting their highest interests by developing 
their mental capacities, elevating their moral character and incul- 
cating in them rectitude of intention and conduct ; defending the 
race against unjust attack, coming to the rescue of persecution, 
alleviating the wants of the poor and needy, protecting and assist- 
ing the widow and the orphan and bringing to fruition, wherever 
practicable, humanitarian and philanthropic impulses of our people. 
It was but natural that a lodge with such avowed purposes 
should attract many members and should be followed by the forma- 
tion of sister lodges until the necessity for uniformity of legisla- 
tion on matters of common concern should demand the creation of 
a representative body with full power in such matters, and so a 
District Grand Lodge was soon created in New York, followed 
eventually by other District Grand Lodges as the order continued 
to spread, until, finally there was created what is now known as 
the Constitution Grand Lodge, which is the supreme legislative 
authority in the order. 

FORMATION OF DISTRICT No. 4 
(Pacific Coast District) 

Brother Jacob Mayer, a California pioneer, though in later 
years long a resident of the city of Portland, Ore., where he flour- 
ished as one of its merchant princes, in the year 1855, suggested 
to his co-religionists, with whom he was then fraternizing as a 
Mason, the formation of a B'nai B'rith lodge, of which he had 
read something in the Jewish journals of the day. The proposi- 
tion met with favor and a call was issued for a meeting of Israelites 
to be held in San Francisco on June 12, 1855, for the purpose 
of petitioning District Grand Lodge No. 1 (New York) for a char- 



WESTERN JEWRY 37 

ter. Such a charter was granted on August 13, 1855, and was 
presented to the petitioners at their third meeting on October 24, 
1855. The first lodge of the Pacific Coast, Ophir No. 21, was in- 
stalled on November 18, 1855, with William Steinhart as the first 
president and Seixas Solomons as first secretary. The lodges began 
to increase so that in 1863 a convention of past presidents was 
held for the purpose of taking preliminary steps towards the forma- 
tion of a District Grand Lodge. Brother David Stern of Modin 
Lodge 42, who died as auditor of the city and county of San Fran- 
cisco, presided. The petition was sent East and after an extended 
correspondence, the secretary of the Constitution Grand Lodge, 
Brother Baruch Rothschild, arrived in the city of San Francisco 
in the fall of 1863, bringing with him the charter for District Grand 
Lodge No. 4. The Grand Lodge was instituted by Brother Roths- 
child on October 7, 1863, amidst great rejoicing and with Brother 
Jacob Greenebaum as its first president. Brother Rothschild made 
his home in San Francisco and became one of the honored mem- 
bers of District No. 4. At the end of 1915, lodges were distributed 
as follows: California, 20; Washington 7; Oregon, 2; Montana, 
2; British Columbia, 2; L'tah, Nevada, Idaho, Arizona, each 1. mak- 
ing a total of 2)7. All the old lodges that flourished in the "sixties 
and 'seventies of the last century had to relinquish their charters by 
reason of the fact that they were located in mining towns whose 
glories faded away at the close of the century. 

BENEFACTIONS 

Ever since the organization of the first lodge the members 
showed their readiness to respond to the call of the unfortunate 
wherever they may have been. Frequently the cry came from the 
Orient and then again from towns and cities near home. Perse- 
cutions, pogroms, inundations, fires and earthquakes caused the 
cry for help to go forth, and in no instance did the order refuse a 
hearty response. Even in the present world's catastrophe, where 
no class or race refuses its share to soothe the sufferings of the 
unfortunates whose fate brought them into the war zone, or rather 
brought the war to them, the Order of B'nai B'rith was among 
the first in the L'nited States to issue a call for help. The B'nai 
B'rith of this city have been beneficiaries of its bounty in 1906 to 
such an extent that the recollection of it still awakens feelings of 
afratitude in their hearts. Not onlv were the immediate wants 
of many of them supplied, but hundreds of noii-members of the 
order, late immigrants, were kept, so to say, in luxury during the 
long weeks, even months, of discomfort and deprivation suffered by 
the average inhabitant. On the high holy days, following the 
great conflagration, the order provided religious services among 
the refugees in Golden Gate Park and assisted in the continuation 



38 WESTERN JEWRY 

of free religious training under the auspices of the Jewish Edu- 
cational Society. 

The Pacific Hebrew Orphan Asylum of San Francisco and 
the Jewish Orphans' Home of Southern California, located in Los 
Angeles, were both born within the walls of the B'nai B'rith lodge. 
That both institutions subsequently assumed importance and dimen- 
sions which surpassed the strength of the order and caused them 
to be absorbed by the Jewish communities at large is something 
for which the order is not to be blamed. The credit for their crea- 
tion is still its own. 

Throughout the United States and Europe other eleemosynary 
institutions are supported in toto or in part by the order and 
they are monuments of humane work, such as the National Jew- 
ish Hospital for Consumptives at Denver, the Leo N. Levi Memo- 
rial Hospital at Little Rock, Ark., the famous orphan asylums at 
Cleveland and Atlanta, the Yonkers Home for Aged at New York, 
and others. 

Ever since their inception the lodges established funds for the 
purpose of "alleviating the wants of the sick and needy," defray- 
ing funeral expenses of deceased brethren and assisting their 
widows and orphans. Their zeal for the latter caused them in the 
early 'seventies to embark in an ill-digested and crude life insurance 
scheme known throughout fraternal organizations as a so-called 
endowment system. That scheme flourished on the Pacific Coast 
(District No. 4) for a round forty years when, in order to save 
the good name and integrity of the district, the Grand Lodge 
turned all its assets in the shape of B'nai B'rith hall stock over 
to the remaining four hundred and some odd endowment members, 
they on the other hand acquiescing in the liquidation of the sys- 
tem by voluntarily surrendering their beneficiary certificates in 
exchange for their allotted hall stock. 

NEW DEPARTURES 

The new generation which has lately made itself felt in the 
councils of the order in District No. 4, as well as in other dis- 
tricts, has been impatient with the old methods of fraternal activity 
and anxious to enlarge its field of usefulness. It has been rest- 
less ever since the payment of sick benefits and endowment insur- 
ance ceased to have their talismanic virtues. It wanted to do 
something more and wanted to do it for the whole house of Israel, 
for all "B'nai B'rith," whether initiated as such or not. This de- 
termination resulted for one in the establishment of what may be 
termed a branch organization, namely the Hebrew Immigrant Aid 
Society. What this organization is accomplishing in assisting the 
hundreds of Russian-Polish immigrants to their rights under the 



WESTERN JEWRY 39 

existing immigration laws of the United States would fill a chap- 
ter by itself. 

Next in importance was the relentless war that was declared 
by the supreme authorities in the order and successfully carried 
out against the white slave traffic. Though not entirely extirpated, 
it has been reduced to a minimum and compelled to carry on its 
nefarious work in the dark alleys. 

The Anti-Defamation League, a bureau of the executive com- 
mittee of the order, has established a magnificent record for itself 
during the few short years of its existence. It is here "to combat 
injurious animadversions against the race and the results of its 
intelligent and tactful work have been highly beneficial." 

Another bureau is the recently organized social service de- 
partment, headed by Dr. Rudolph I. Cofifee. Local bureaus have 
been organized in the various districts throughout the United 
States under local management. District No. 4 has a perfect or- 
ganization, under the leadership of Harry K. Wolfif, Esq., ably as- 
sisted with zeal and energy by Dr. A. E. Cerf. Its program, if 
carried out, will be far-reaching and will embrace every feature of 
social service work among our people. 

AUXILIARIES AND INSTITUTIONS 

The establishment of women auxiliaries has become a very 
popular notion on the Pacific Coast, so that at present writing 
nearly all the important B'nai B'rith centers in District No. 4 have 
women auxiliary lodges. The Grand Lodge at its last session 
placed the official stamp of recognition on them and henceforth 
they will be considered an integral part of the district machinery. 
There is also a youth's auxiliary flourishing in San Francisco, 
made up of boys from fifteen to eighteen years of age. 

A very active and "live-wire" branch, though not official, is 
the Committee of Fifty in San Francisco. The committee has as- 
sumed the duties of the "Intellectual Advancement Committee" 
and also provides means for the maintenance of the gymnasium, 
in addition to the regular contributions by the San Francisco lodges. 
Whatever outside sports we read about take place under the com- 
mittee's auspices. 

B'nai B'rith buildings in this district exist in San Francisco, 
Portland, Ore., Los Angeles, Cal., Salt Lake City, Utah, and Oak- 
land, Cal. 

The San Francisco building contains a library of about a thou- 
sand volumes of Jewish literature in German as well as English, 
which in quality would rank with any Jewish library in the United 
States. It is for reference purposes only and is frequently pat- 



40 WESTERN JEWRY 

ronized by scholars and students of Jewish historiology and com- 
parative religion. 

Some time ago the library committee supplied the library at 
San Quentin with a large number of books on Jewish literature 
the receipt of which was deeply appreciated by the librarian. 

Quite a number of lodges have their regular monthly publi- 
cations, diminutive in size, it is true and sometimes rather flufify 
in quality, nevertheless it betokens life and activity. The B'nai 
B'rith "News," the recognized official monthly of the order, reaches 
thousands of homes and is read with avidity. 

EVENTS 

District No. 4 was honored in 1915 by having the general con- 
vention of the order meet within its jurisdiction. We believe that 
the visit to this Coast impressed itself on the delegates and that 
thenceforth the importance of District No. 4 became a fixture in 
their minds. 

In the year 1905 the order celebrated the fiftieth anniversary 
of its birth on the Coast. It was on August 13, 1855, that Ophir 
Lodge No. 21 was organized in San Francisco through the efforts 
of Brother Jacob Mayer, already mentioned in the beginning of 
this sketch. 

In 1913 the District Grand Lodge held its golden jubilee amidst 
banqueting and great rejoicing. Brother Jacob Greenebaum, of 
revered memory, the first president of the district, under the title 
of Grand Nasi Abh, was still alive and in full health. 

The Young Men's Hebrew Association 

THE great catastrophe that befell the community of San 
Francisco in April, 1906, can hardly be mentioned without 
making reference to the importance that the Young Men's 
Hebrew Association at its then headquarters on Page street, near 
the Golden Gate Park, played in the general relief work. 

When the people were visited by the sudden disaster the name of 
the Young Men's Hebrew Association was on the lips of everyone 
of those who, driven from their burning homes, sought refuge in 
the park and its vicinity. The doors of the association building 
were thrown open to all, without distinction of race or creed and 
several thousand people found shelter in its spacious halls. All 
the available furniture was carried to the park by the members of 
the association in order to provide comfort for those who could 
not find room inside of the building. The whole structure was 
turned over to the relief committee the day following the disaster 
and thus it is historically correct to assert that the first relief station 
established for the benefit of the sorely stricken people of San 



WESTERN JEWRY 41 

Francisco was housed under the roof of the Young Men's Hebrew 
Association. It will thus be seen that the history of the organiza- 
tion is not necessarily a recital of social affairs and diversions. 

The Young Men's Hebrew Association was organized in 1901 
by a handful of young men imbued with the true spirit of Judaism. 
Prior to that year many attempts had been made to organize a 
Young Men's Hebrew Association, but with indifferent success. 
The membership role contained but fifteen names and with that 
number Messrs. Harry M. Lichtenstein, Gabriel Goldberg and the 
late Joseph Meyer started the organization. It had the full sym- 
pathy of the Jewish community, which in large numbers attended 
the dedication ceremony which took place in the old Court building 
at the corner of Larkin and McAllister streets ; simultaneously the 
Ladies' Auxiliary commenced its good work under able and effi- 
cient leadership. The membership of the association increased 
rapidly and in a short period of time it was necessary to secure 
larger quarters. The association then moved to the building lo- 
cated at 1976 Page street, where it made notable headway in all 
branches of its activity. The public calamity, already mentioned, 
retarded the progress of the association to a degree. The laudable 
readiness of the institution to be of use to the community in time 
of need brought about serious financial loss, not to speak of the 
decrease of membership in consequence of the disaster. 

The intense and earnest desire of the Young Men's Hebrew 
Association, now housed in modest quarters on Ellis street near 
Fillmore street, to provide for the intellectual and social betterment 
of its members, speaks well for the future of that association. It 
is safe to say that the time is not far off when the importance of 
the Young Men's Hebrew Association, as a moral factor in the 
life of the Jewish community, will be recognized and better under- 
stood to the end that it may receive the financial support necessary 
for the pursuit of its meritorious work. 



Hebrew Home for Aged Disabled 

THE HEBREW HOME FOR AGED DISABLED of San 
Francisco was the first among the Jewish eleemosynary institu- 
tions on the Pacific Coast to provide a home for indigent and 
helpless Jews and to provide them with food prepared in strict accord- 
ance with the traditions of orthodox Judaism. The home was organ- 
ized October 8, 1889. Its establishment was first conceived by a resolu- 
tion introduced by the late Mrs. Sophie Deborah Jacobson in Sarah 
Lodge K. S. B. The lady mentioned subsequently became the first 
matron of the institution. 

The first home was a rented house on Lyon street, which was occu- 
pied for one year, taking care of twelve inmates. The revenue neces- 
sary for their inaintenance was derived from donations and benefit 
performances. Afterwards the quarters at 507 Lombard street became 
the home of the institution. Subsequently when the Pacific Hebrew 
Orphan Asylum and Home Society was established, efforts were made 
to combine the two institutions, but nothing came of it. The first 
bequest to the home was the sum of $10,000 from Mrs. Jane Leland 
Stanford. It is estimated that there will ultimately be over $300,000 
in the control of the home through the bequest of the late Captain Julius 
Friedman, when the litigation in consequence of the claims of many 
alleged relatives of the dead philanthropist shall have been finally dis- 
posed of by the courts. 

In 1906 the fire destroyed the Lombard street home, but a few 
months later temporary quarters were secured on Franklin street until 
the following year when the home moved to Howard street adjoining 
its present location at 2504 Howard street. On the latter location a 
structure was erected in 1909. The venerable Samuel Polack one of 
the organizers of the home is still active as its able and efficient president 
in which capacity he has served since 1890. The home now provides 
for twenty-seven inmates. 

Its maintenance is one of earnest solicitude on the part of its 
directors who feel that it is entitled to a larger measure of support on 
the part of the Jewish community. 

The home has never paid a salary to the secretary nor expended 
any money for medical attendance. The late Dr. W. R. Samuels was 
its first physician and gave his services free. When he passed away he 
was succeeded by Dr. E. M. Weiss who still faithfully attends to the 
physical health of the inmates. 

The officers and directors are as follows : Samuel Polack, presi- 
dent ; Joseph Hyman, vice-president; I. Moss, treasurer; Miss A. 
Levy, secretary; E. E. Kahn, Albert M. Bender, L. A. Schwabacher, 
Emile Levy, Mrs. B. Shapiro. 



Congregation Emanu-El 

FROAI "Chronicles of Emanu-El," written by the late Rev. 
Dr. Jacob Voorsanger in honor of the fiftieth anniversary of 
the founding of the congregation, we learn tliat not an incon- 
siderable number of Israelites were among the Forty-niners that 
crowded the newly discovered goldfields of California. "The 




TEMPLE EM.A.NU-EL 

restless spirit of the Jewish wanderer." writes Dr. Voorsanger, 
"had driven many young men of the race of Israel to the mining 
camps of the new El Dorado." It is still a mooted question as to 
whether there were any Jews in California prior to the "days of 
gold." But there is ample evidence that a large number of them 
who had emigrated to the United States during the years 1840- 



44 WESTERN JEWRY 

1850, in consequence of the oppressive laws enacted in many 
European countries, had joined the rush to the goldfields. 

They were among the passengers of the first Pacific Mail 
steamer that arrived at San Francisco February 29. 1849, and 
during the fall of that year the first religious services under the 
auspices of the Jewish pioneers were held. 

One year later (1850). the approaching holidays prompted a 
number of Jewish settlers to organize a congregation, under the 
leadership of Emanuel M. Berg, who became its first president, and 
after whom it was named. Its membership was small, not ex- 
ceeding forty. But they were an intelligent, pious set of young 
men, fully determined to perpetuate the religion of Israel in their 
new home. 

The first regular services of the congregation were held in 
a hall on Bush street, between Montgomery and Sansome. and 
among the women who are known to tave taken a deep interest 
in the young institution and make the modest place of worship as 
home-like as possible were Mrs. E. M. Berg, Mrs. Morgenthau, 
Mrs. U. Simon and Mrs. Barnett Keesing. 

The records of the congregation bear out the statement that 
the first Rosh Hashanah services on the shores of the San Fran- 
cisco bay were held September 17, 1850, by the men who subse- 
quently organized Congregation Emanu-El. 

Among the charter members who signed the constitution and 
by-laws, filed with the county clerk of San Francisco, appear the 
names of Philip Runkel, A. Watters, Abraham C. Labatt, Samuel 
Marx, Moritz Schwartz, S. Heiter, L. A. Levy, Jr., Joseph Shan- 
non, Rudolph Wyman, I. E. Woolf, A. H. Harris, J. J. Joseph, Jr., 
S. Fleischhacker, J. Honisberger, Louis Cohn and William Seligman. 

In 1854 the Broadway synagogue was erected and dedicated 
September 14th of that year, Dr. Julius Eckman officiating. The 
later ministrations of Rabbis Elkan Cohn and Jacob Voorsanger, 
who preceded the present Rabbi Martin A. Meyer, are sufficiently 
familiar to many now living. Dr. Voorsanger, in the "Chronicles," 
before quoted, devoted ample space to the history of the congre- 
gation and fully shows the extent of its remarkable growth and 
commanding position in the household of American Israel. 

The historic temple on Sutter street, above Stockton street, 
which was pronounced by competent architects the seventh most 
beautiful synagogal structure in the world, was greatly injured 
by the memorable San Francisco disaster of 1906. Fortunately, 
however, the walls had been left standing, so that the temple was 
in a condition to be reconstructed. As thus restored, it was re- 
dedicated on September 1, 1907. The fiftieth anniversary of its 
dedication took place Thursday, March 3, 1916. 

"If," concludes Dr. Voorsanger, in his "Chronicles," "If, per- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



45 



chance, they (the pioneers) builded better than they knew, that 
detracts not an iota from their honor. For we are the reapers, 
God helped them to sow. The least we can do is to remain wide 
awake to leave so fair a bequeathment as our Emanu-El to the 
next generation. For we, in turn shall grow old, and some day we, 
too, will need the testimony of history. Happy he, of whom it will 
be said, he spent neither his young days nor his old age in cul- 
pable idleness. Happy he, who shall be permitted to witness God's 
faithfulness that endureth 'from generation to generation.' " 

Henry Wangenheim, the president of the congregation, has 
served the institution for a number of years and has contributed ma- 
terially to its present influential position. 

Congregation Sherith Israel 

THE inception of the Congregation Sherith Israel was. after 
all, in the realms of romance, for in 1849, in August of that 
year, when three of our co-religionists, all young men, de- 
termined to hold services on the New Year and Day of Atone- 
ment, there was very little of that which we might call the evi- 




ipr".' ' 







fl 




TEMPLE ISR.\EL 



dences of civilized life to be found in San Francisco. It could be 
compared only to our ancestors in the wilderness halting their 
march to observe some ceremonial connected with the newly incul- 
cated faith. Their enthusiasm must have been great, and their 
hopes of ultimate success in founding a permanent religious insti- 
tution unbounded, for they spent no less than $1000 to erect a 



46 WESTERN JEWRY 

temporary shed on the gore of Kearny and New Montgomery 
streets, the site upon which the Commercial hotel was subse- 
quently erected, for the purpose of carrying out their cherished 
idea of holding religious services. Three men are prominent in 
connection with this venture, and these three men also officiated 
on the occasion mentioned. They were I. Franklin of Manchester, 
England ; Mr. Dyer of Baltimore, Md., and Lewis Lewis, a native 
of England, who only recently died in Victoria, B. C. It is said, 
too, that after the holding of these services in the Jewish year 
of 5610 that a couple of days after, the steamer arrived and brought 
the news that they had observed Yom Kippur on the wrong day. 
But what mattered the day — the sentiment was still there and 
the religious intensity had expressed itself with as great fervor on 
the wrong day as it would have done on the right day. The end 
of their striving was achieved, and the possibility of the contin- 
uance of their activity was assured to them through the arousing 
of a spirit of true religion amongst the then Jewish residents of 
San Francisco. 

As is usual after the Yom Kippur services, so we are credibly 
informed, every one wanted to pledge himself to membership in a 
congregation which every one conceded and consented should be 
at once formed. In the moment of victory, we are also predicting 
deeds of daring, but the spirit weakens as we prolong the action. 
Nothing seems to have been done in the matter of forming a con- 
gregation till about April, 1850, when, at a Passover celebration 
held at the Albion hotel a meeting was hastily held and a decision 
made that the congregation should be formed, called Sherith Israel, 
and Joseph Joseph was appointed chairman of that committee 
Again a relaxation, till the month of June, when the "Alta Cali- 
fornia" of June 18, 1850, records that after an interesting ceremony, 
to-wit, the naming of a boy baby in the family of a Mr. Kelseay, 
Dr. Zachariah presiding (also held at the Albion hotel), it was 
determined, probably by the committee already appointed, to pro- 
ceed with the erection of a synagogue. 

The members of the faith who arrived in San Francisco about 
this time, came for the most part from England via Australia or 
Panama, and consisted of Englishmen and Jews from the north 
of Germany, and Province Posen ; but quite a considerable minority 
were from the southern part of Germany or were descendants of 
southern Germans, born in America. A conflict arose in their meet- 
ings as to the adoption of a ritual, the majority favoring that used 
in England, and the minority insisting upon the adoption of Minhag 
Ashkanaz. So serious was the conflict that it resulted in a spHt, 
which seems to have taken definite form when Sherith Israel per- 
manently organized, August 20, 18.50, the following committee: 
Joseph Joseph, chairman; Samuel H. Cohen, secretary; H. Hart, 



WESTERN JEWRY 47 

Hon. A. \\'eiss, 'M. Hart, S. Blankenstein, Israel Solomon and Isaac 
Nathan. Immediately afterwards the dissenters organized under 
the name of the Emanu-El, and within a month of their organi- 
zation, about September, 1850, they incorporated — that is, Emanu- 
El incorporated, Sherith Israel incorporating a month or so later. 

The first place of worship they seem to have gotten after 
the temporary structure of 1849 was situated in Merchant's Court, 
on Washington street between Montgomery and Sansome, when 
they were forced by the fire of June 22, 1851, to move again to 
Kearny street, between W'ashington and Jackson streets. In this 
fire there perished one Joseph Bach, a native of Posen, Prussia, 
whose remains were interred in a plot of the Congregation Sherith 
Israel set aside for noted men. During the year 1851 the two con- 
gregations, Sherith Israel and Emanu-El, purchased the westerly 
half of the block now known as Western Addition, block 119, be- 
tween Broadway and Vallejo, Franklin and Gough streets, as a 
Jewish cemetery. This cemetery was known as the Presidio cem- 
etery. 

On July 26, 1852, the Congregation Sherith Israel acquired 
possession of a piece of land on the east side of Stockton street, 
between Broadway and \"allejo, and a committee was appointed to 
obtain plans for the erection of a permanent synagogue, "to be 
built of either wood or brick, thirty feet wide, fifty feet deep and 
twenty feet high." No further action seems to have been taken till 
November, 1853, when Robert Josephi at a meeting of the congre- 
gation moved that shares be issued to members at $50 each, to be 
repaid hereafter by ballot, as funds accrued. 

On June 27, 1854, plans for a synagogue drawn by Architect 
Butler were adopted, and the contract let for $10,258. The corner- 
stone of this structure was laid August 6, 1854, and the synagogue 
completed and dedicated on Friday, the 8th day of September, 1854. 

Early in the 60"s the North Beach section of the city, which had 
been the main residence portion, had become deserted by reason 
of the removal to the Western Addition, and in 1867 the Sabbath 
school conducted by this congregation had to be abandoned on 
account of the inconvenience to the children to attend. In May, 
1868, a new synagogue site was purchased on the northeast cor- 
ner of Post and Taylor streets, for the sum of $18,000. To raise 
this sum the members voluntarily taxed themselves, thus raising 
nearly the entire amount of the purchase price of the lot. A few 
months after the congregation sold forty feet on the northerly 
end of this lot for $8000, thus obtaining the nucleus of a building 
fund. From time to time during the early part of 1869 plans for 
the building of a new synagogue were at various times procured 
and as often abandoned. The members had contributed liberally 
towards the purchase of the site. So far, no provision seems to 



48 WESTERN JEWRY 

have been made for the expenses that would be entailed by the 
erection of a suitable synagogue. On October 11, 186^, three 
members of the congregation — Mrs. C. Meyer, president ; Fabian 
Toplitz, vice-president, and Julius Funkenstein, treasurer — in a 
meeting of the board of trustees, assumed the entire responsibility 
of building a new synagogue upon plans prepared by Messrs. Eisen 
and Schmidt, architects, and on February 17, 1870, they reported 
having entered into contracts for the erection of a building, and 
announced the laying of the cornerstone, to take place on Friday 
afternoon, March 11, 1870, at 2:00 o'clock. On Friday, the 26th 
of August, following, the synagogue, now completed, was dedi- 
cated with imposing ceremonies. The cost of this structure was 
$70,000. 

On the following Sunday, the 28th of August, 1870, at a meet- 
ing held in the synagogue, the congregation subscribed the sum 
of $48,500 towards expunging the indebtedness of the synagogue 
and received in return ownership of the selected seats in the syna- 
gogue. Immediately following the dedication of this synagogue, 
the Sabbath schools reorganized under the immediate superintend- 
ence and patronage of George Aronson. So great success marked 
the launching again of this project, that all the available rooms, 
outside even of those set aside for Sabbath school purposes, were 
taxed to their utmost capacity. The school maintained its healthy 
growth throughout an administration of a number of years, but 
Mr. Aronson's advancing age compelled him to retire in 1885, when 
the superintendence of the school was assumed by Bahr Scheide- 
man, who served for many years as chairman of the school com- 
mittee ; that is, until the arrival of the present occupant of the 
pulpit of the congregation. 

The congregation remained in occupancy of this building at 
the corner of Post and Taylor for thirty-four years, during which 
time it passed through most or all of the processes of evolution 
that mold Jewish religious thought in the United States. 

From 1893 the affairs of the congregation began to take quite 
a turn, and it became evident that the capacity of the synagogue 
was not sufficient to accommodate the congregants, for, in 1896, 
applicants for seats had to be refused. On the advice of the then 
president, Lewis Brown, a site for a larger synagogue was se- 
cured, but for good and sufficient reasons was abandoned. On 
September 8, 1902, the present site at the corner of California and 
Webster streets was purchased, and on the fifteenth of the same 
month the late Albert Pissis was selected as architect. On July 
20, 1903, the plans were submitted and adopted and a contract 
entered into October 7, 1903, and on October 8. 1903, at 9:30 a. m. 
ground was broken by the rabbi and officers of the congregation. 
The cornerstone of this new temple was placed in position on 



WESTERN JEWRY 49 

February 22. 1904, on which occasion the principal address was 
delivered by the late lamented Jacob Voorsanger. The synagogue 
was consecrated on September 24, 1905. The congregation's activi- 
ties, like those of all pioneer congregations, were employed not only 
in the disseminating of religious ideas and in furthering instruction 
in the Sabbath school, but also in supporting, maintaining and encour- 
aging the benevolent institutions, ^^'hile Emanu-El had attached 
to it the Eureka Benevolent Society, Sherith Israel had as its at- 
tendant institution the first Hebrew Benevolent Society, and between 
them both they took charge of the sacred duty of providing resting- 
places for the Jewish dead, as well as caring for their people dur- 
ing their hours of want or illness. 

The cemetery held by the two congregations before referred 
to was abandoned in 1860 and the lot in the Alission, block 87, between 
Dolores and Church, Nineteenth and Twentieth streets, was opened 
for burials on February 26. 1861, under the name of Hills of Eternity 
cemetery. Owing to the large increase of population in this section 
of the city, the State Legislature in 1887 passed an act prohibiting 
any burials in this Mission section after December 31, 1888. To meet 
this emergency, twenty acres of ground were purchased in San Mateo 
county and the first burial in this new Hills of Eternity cemetery took 
place December 24, 1888. This cemetery in itself stands as a monu- 
ment to two men, Lewis Brown and ^lichael Goldwater, through 
whose energies it was turned into the beautiful park spot that it is. 
Amongst the first rabbis to occupy the pulpit of Sherith Israel 
was Dr. Julius Eckman, whose remains are interred in the Hills of 
Eternity cemetery, in the plat set aside for noted men. On the first 
of September, 1857, the Rev. H. A. Henry of London, England, was 
elected minister. He was retired on full pension on October 3. 1869, 
and was succeeded on April 13, 1870, by Dr. Aaron J. Messing. Dr. 
Messing retired on June 1, 1873, and was succeeded by the then emi- 
nent preacher. Dr. Henry ^'idaver, who died September 14, 1882, 
on the first day of the New Year, 5642. He was succeeded on De- 
cember 31, 1882, by his brother. Dr. Falk \"idaver, who served the 
congregation until April 30, 1912, when he resigned, and was suc- 
ceeded by the present incumbent. Dr. Jacob Nieto. 

Through Rabbi Nieto's suggestion a ladies' auxiliary was formed 
by the congregation and its friends, with a view to their taking an active 
interest in the development of the social and religious activities of the 
congregation, in encouraging the Sabbath rule, and in developing an 
ability on the part of the women to become social workers in the com- 
munity at large. This organization has now over seven hundred mem- 
bers, and has had a decidedly upbuilding influence upon the membership 
of the congregation and the enrollment in the Sabbath school. It has 
instituted under its patronage a child study circle, a dramatic circle, 



50 WESTERN JEWRY 

a glee club and an orchestra, and a fellowship circle in which women 
receive instruction fitting them for the work of district visiting and 
bringing about better understanding between foreign-born parents and 
American-born children. In all its departments it has achieved phe- 
nomenal success, because of the earnestness of the officers of the auxil- 
iary and those who voluntarily serve under them. 

The presidents so far have been Mrs. Mark Neumann, Miss Re- 
becca Jacobs and Mrs. Abraham Levin. 



Congregation Ohabai Shalome 
''Bush Street Temple" 

THE history of this congregation, one of the oldest in this city 
and on the Pacific Coast, dates back to the early sixties. We 
must, therefore, delve into the dusty tomes of more than a half 
century in order to ascertain the facts regarding the formation 
of this congregation. In the year 1863 a band of Jewish pioneers 
formed a portion of what was then known as the Congregation Emanu- 
El. These patriarchs, determined in purpose, courageous in upholding 
the principles of their sacred religion, deemed it advisable to withdraw 
from this congregation and independently form one according to their 
ideas of Judaism and erect a synagogue where they would be free to 
worship in their own manner. With steps unfaltering, and with firm 
resolution, they set about to obtain a place of worship, and after much 
labor and many difficulties secured the site where the Native Sons' hall 
is now located on Mason street, and the year 1864 saw the reward of 
their aspirations, it being this year that the Congregation Ohabai 
Shalome was organized and incorporated. Still they could not rest on 
their laurels ; a synagogue remained to be erected ; and after much 
effort and a great deal of generosity on their part, sufficient funds were 
raised to build it, and the year 1865 saw the completion of what was 
known as the Mason Street Synagogue. Rabbi Bettelheim, a noted 
and erudite scholar and divine, was then chosen the first leader of the 
congregation. Over fifty years have passed and the band of pioneers 
who so heroically banded together and formed this congregation have 
nearly all been summoned to their eternal rest. One still remains who 
is actively engaged in the afifairs of the congregation and continues 
to assist, giving them the benefit of his long years of experience — the 
present vice-president of the congregation, Philip Stern. 

The congregation grew steadily and prospered and remained for 
thirty-three years on the Mason street site. In the year 1898 in re- 
sponse to a request from their members and friends, and in consequence 
of a growing need for a synagogue to be located in the thickly popu- 
lated western portion of the city, the present place of worship was 



WESTERN JEWRY 



51 



erected on Bush street, near Laguna, and is well known as the Bush 
Street Temple, continuing in its prosperity in the eighteen years that 
it has occupied this location. The home of the Congregation Ohabai 
Shalome is a substantial frame structure of Moorish architecture with 
two massive domes gracing its front. The interior is plain, yet it in- 
spires the worshiper with sacred awe and solemnity. The auditorium 




BUSH STREET TEMPLE 

and commodious balcony combined accommodates 1000 people. For 
the benefit of mourners and to foster devotion, daily services are held 
in a beautifully equipped memorial hall adjoining the main auditorium. 
The Bush Street Temple recently completed its new school build- 
ing adjacent to the synagogue. This institution now offers excellent 
opportunities for the religious education of the young. The school 
rooms are splendidly equipped and modern in every respect and the 



S2 WESTERN JEWRY 

teaching is under the direct supervision of the rabbi, Rev. Dr. Herman 
Rosenwasser. Particular attention is given to the musical program at 
every service, inasmuch as the beautiful traditional Hebrew melodies 
have ever been a source of great inspiration to our people, the music 
being in the hands of an efficient cantor and a well-trained choir. 

The Willing Workers of the Bush Street Temple was organized 
August 7, 1901, for the purpose of aiding financially the Congregation 
Ohabai Shalome, its Sabbath school and cemetery. The society made 
rapid progress, increasing its membership until it now numbers over 
five hundred. During the past fifteen years this society through its 
tireless efforts, has assisted the temple to a very appreciable extent. 
Another organization affiliated with this congregation is the 
Ladies' Council, organized in March, 1896, with a membership of 
seventy. Its purpose is to help the poor and to assist in the maintenance 
of the Sabbath school of the synagogue. At its meetings, which are 
held semi-monthly, a faithful band of workers meet to sew for the 
poor and no less than one hundred families are supplied with garments 
twice a year, all of which are supplied from the payment of the dues 
of its members, which now number over three hundred. After the 
catastrophe of 1906 the Ladies' Council was one of the first sewing 
societies to render assistance, and sewed for many weeks at the Hearst 
School for the benefit of the needy. The Assembly of the Bush 
Street Temple is strictly a representative Jewish Young People's 
Society, its purpose being to rally the Jewish young men and 
women around the synagogue and to direct tendencies toward self- 
improvement. The membership increases with each meeting and 
now numbers over one hundred. 

The tendencies of the Congregation Ohabai Shalome from its in- 
ception have been conservative and still continue to be so. The mem- 
bership is increasing steadily and its members represent the very best 
portion of the Jewish population of this city. The minister delivers a 
sermon, as a rule limiting himself to the expounding of scriptures in 
a modern way. The pulpit of the Bush Street Temple endeavors to 
keep pace with the demands of the times, directing its efforts in no 
small degree to awaken the rising generation to religious responsibility. 
Heeding the demands of the members and friends of the congre- 
gation and realizing the great need of obtaining a cemetery, a tract of 
land was secured in San Mateo county for this purpose. The Eternal 
Home cemetery, as it is designated, is owned and controlled by this 
congregation. It comprises an area of ten acres and is improved with 
concrete walks and macadamized roads and is laid out in beautiful 
lawns and flower beds. Many stately mausoleums and magnificent 
monuments adorn the consecrated acreage. 

The Congregation Ohabai Shalome one year ago fittingly cele- 
brated the completion of a half century of sacred work in the city of 
San Francisco, and is worthy of the good will and support of the Jewish 



WESTERN JEWRY 53 

people and the public at large. While the Bush Street Temple is pri- 
marily a religious organization, the minister of this institution readily 
assumes the sacred duty of serving the public and will be pleased to 
devote his time, knowledge and energy to the welfare of the com- 
munity. 

The following are the officers of the congregation : M. Friedman, 
president ; Philip Stern, vice-president : Samuel Weisskopf, secretary, 
The spiritual leader of the congregation is Rabbi Herman Rosenwasser, 
A. M., graduate of the Hebrew Union College of Cincinnati. The 
sexton, I. Coleman Levy. 

Congregation Beth Israel 

THE history ot Congregation Beth Israel is the history of ortho- 
dox Judaism in San Francisco. Organized in the infancy of 
the city, it has kept pace with the advancement and progress 
of the community and in all the years of its existence has remained 
steadfast and true to the spirit of orthodoxy, permitting no change 
or alteration from the ancient ritual form of worship. Although it 
has accepted the organ and adopted the system of family pews, yet 
this seems but to emphasize the beauty and grandeur of the ancient 
ritual. 

In the year 1860 a handful of earnest Jews, enthusiastic for the 
retention of the ancient form of worship, banded together and formed 
"The Congregation Beth Israel." They leased a small building on 
the south side of Sutter street, between Dupont and Stockton streets, 
and there held their services until the year 1874, when a larger edifice 
was required and they leased a building on Mission street, between 
Fifth and Sixth streets, which was occupied for four years. 

The attendance at the services was so large tliat in the year 1878 
it again became necessary for the congregation to seek new quarters 
and a lot 50x137.6 feet was purchased on Turk street, on which a 
splendid synagogue was erected, being dedicated in August, 1879, and 
was occupied by the congregation for eleven years, up to 1890. In 
the last-named year they were again, by reason of the great demand 
madd upon them for accommodations, compelled to seek larger quar- 
ters, whereupon the site on Geary street near Octavia was purchased. 
Here a beautiful synagogue was erected and was dedicated on July 
19, 1891, Reverend Doctors Jacob Voorsanger, Falk Vidaver, M. S. 
Levy, A. Blum of Los Angeles, A. R. Levy of Chicago and Emanuel 
Schreiber of Little Rock, participating in the ceremonies. The build- 
ino- was large, imposing and commodious and capable of accommo- 
dating over eleven hundred persons, yet so great was the popularity 
of the synagogue under the administrations of its rabbi. Rev. M. S. 
Levy, that in 1905 it was deemed necessary in order to comply with 
the increased demands for religious accommodations to again seek 



54 



WESTERN JEWRY 



more commodious quarters. Thereupon the building was sold and a 
larger and more centrally located site at Geary street between Fillmore 
and Steiner streets was purchased. On the lot, which had a frontage 
of 87^2 feet by a depth of 137^^ feet, a magnificent brick and steel 
edifice was erected, the cornerstone being laid on Thanksgiving Day 
of 1905. The building was rapidly nearing completion, when, on that 
memorable 18th day of April, 1906, in a few moments it was demol- 
ished by the terrible earthquake that visited this city. 

The membership of the congregation, composed of a body of 
loyal, earnest and faithful Jews having an intense love for their syna- 




■/.v- 



^'\ fl 




GEARY STREET TEMPLE 

gogue, were well nigh driven to despair by the terrible calamity. 
They were practically without a home, being at the time merely rent- 
ing their old synagogue from month to month, and were without 
means or prospects of rebuilding on the site of the demolished struc- 
ture. However, with undaunted nerve they set about with renewed 
energy, and in a few months the work of rehabilitation was com- 
menced, and on September 20, 1908, the beautiful new temple of 
class A construction on the south side of Geary street, between Fill- 
more and Steiner streets, was dedicated to the honor and glory of 
God. The building is thoroughly modern in every detail, has a seat- 
ing capacity of over fifteen hundred and is one of the most imposing 
edifices of its kind on the Pacific Coast. 

The success of the institution has been most remarkable and a 



WESTERN JEWRY 55 

great deal may be attributed to its zealous and energetic board of offi- 
cers, whose harmonious activity and indefatigable efforts in behalf 
of their beloved institution have been unceasing and untiring. Aided 
at all times by a faithful band of members, steadfast and true, they 
have builded for Judaism and posterity a lasting memorial of the faith 
that is in them. 

The first minister to preside over the spiritual welfare of the con- 
gregation was Rev. M. Wolf, who occupied the position only for a 
short time. He was succeeded by Rabbi N. Streisand, of blessed 
memory. In 1878 Rev. Dr. A. J. Messing was elected and occupied 
the pulpit of the congregation until 1890, when he resigned in response 
to a call from Chicago. In 1891 Rev. Dr. M. S. Levy, who was min- 
istering in Oakland, was elected. He is still the beloved and ven- 
erated rabbi of the congregation, and to his zeal, piety, eloquence 
and intense interest in every phase of congregational life, much of the 
success and popularity of the synagogue must be ascribed. 

In this connection we can not pass over without mention of the 
beloved cantor, who has served the congregation for over twenty- 
five years. Rev. J. Rabinowitz, whose sweet voice adds dignity and 
beauty to the ritual as chanted by him and whose quiet, kindly man- 
ner endears him to all the congregants. 

The services are well attended, the Sabbath attendance being 
from seven to eight hundred, and on festivals and holidays the build- 
ing is filled to its capacity. The congregation fills a distinct want in 
the Jewish economy of the community. There is a large class of 
people to whom the reformed synagogue does not appeal, and yet 
have lost their liking or desire for the old-fashioned Old World syna- 
gogue. Congregation Beth Israel is the happy medium between the 
two extremes, having the orthodox ritual, beautified by the organ, and 
the family pew. For this large class of people the congregation is 
an absolute necessity. 

This brief sketch can not be closed without reference to the Sab- 
bath and Hebrew school maintained by the congregation, in which 
are being instructed over nine hundred children in the faith of their 
fathers. The Ladies' Endeavor Society, an auxiliary of the congre- 
gation, is composed of a band of noble Jewish women engaged in 
the work of supporting the Sabbath and Hebrew schools of the con- 
gregation. It has been of material assistance to the synagogue. 
Holding aloft the banner of conservative Judaism in San 
Francisco for half a century, on August 21, 1910, the sister con- 
gregations about the bay united with Beth Israel in the glorious cele- 
bration of its golden jubilee — fifty years of continuous religious zeal 
and labor, in teaching and unfolding the tenets and doctrines of Abra- 
ham, Isaac and Moses. May it continue, with strong heart and perfect 
confidence, to do so, and with the blessing of God advance "Mechiel 
El Chiel" from strength to strength to His great glory. 



Concordia Club 



THE Concordia Club is one of the oldest and most important 
social organizations among the Jewish people in the West. 
Its home at the corner of Van Ness avenue and Post street, 
San Francisco, has been recently enlarged, and is as fine and im- 
posing a structure devoted to social purposes as any city can 
boast of. 

The club house is three stories in height and contains besides 
the features usually found in first-class social institutions, a plunge 



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rm- \ 



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CONCORDI.\ CLUB 



and baths, a library of carefully selected authors, a gymnasium 
and similar attractions. 

The history of the Concordia dates back to the "60s and to the 
days of the Alemannian Club. The oldest surviving members recall 
that among the Alemannians who on June 10, 1865, organized the 
Concordia, were William SchoUe, David Stern, Levi Strauss, Israel 
Steinhart, Martin Heller, Sol \\'angenheim, Emil VVangenheim, 
^^'illiam Herman, Felix Steiner, David Bachman, J. Rosenbaum 
and M. Kahn. 

The aim uf the club from its earliest period has ever been to 
provide a social home for its members and their families. That it 



WESTERN JEWRY 57 

has been eminently successful in this respect is evidenced by the 
use women and children are making of the gymnasium and numer- 
ous other attractions provided for them by a generous member- 
ship. The club is primarily a family institution, and is often re- 
ferred to as the "House of Concord." 

The present ofificers of the Concordia Club are: Charles Hirsch, 
president; Julius I. Cahn, vice-president; Henry Schussler, secretary; 
John E Madocks, assistant secretary; Frederick Seller, treasurer. 
Directors: Chas. H. Brown. Felix Kahn, Melville Marx. Henry 
Mayer, Louis J. Newman. Walter J. Samson. Louis J. Newman and 
Sidney L. Schwartz. 



The Philomath Club 

A Review by Mrs. L Lowenberg 

BEFORE going to the Columbian Exposition in 1893. I was 
imbued with the idea that there were many intellectual and 
brilliant Jewish women in San Francisco who lacked the op- 
portunity of development by organization, which is a potent factor 
in commercial and educational as well as club life. 

So when I returned from the Columbian Exposition held in 
Chicago, with the White City photographed on my mind and my 
impressions intensified, I asked Mrs. A. S. Bettelheim to assist 
in naming some women who would form and foster an organi- 
zation to be conservative, but progressive, to prom.ote the general 
culture of its members by the discussion of educational, moral and 
social topics and lectures by eminent men and women of the day. 
Mrs. William Haas became deeply interested in such an organiza- 
tion and worked zealously for its success with the result that the 
Philomath Club was launched with the following charter members : 
Mrs. L Lowenberg, Mrs. Helen Hecht, Mrs. A. S. Bettelheim. Mrs. 
William Haas, Mrs. J. H. Neustadter, Mrs. Charles L. Ackerman, 
Mrs. Moses Heller, Mrs. S. Nickelsburg, Mrs. H. Ansbacher 

Meyers. 

A call was issued by the charter members and some seventy or 
eighty ladies responded and became members. The records were 
lost in the calamity of 1906, and each and every member contributed 
by earnest endeavor to promote the best interests of the associa- 
tion and make it a peer of its sister clubs. 

The Mesdames Neustadter very generously allowed Philomath 
the use of their dance hall in their home in Van Ness avenue, where 
for some months meetings were held in very happy surroundings. 
And the club flourished and grew in numbers and in wisdom. 

Clubs are the result of evolution and exercise and influence 
and all kinds of advancement. They effect concentration of thought 
and unity of purpose. Club life when not based too much on 



58 WESTERN JEWRY 

social lines, taking up vital questions, extracts what is highest and 
best in us. By association with the world, its joys and responsi- 
bilities, its sympathies and prejudices, its hate and love, we come 
to a larger, deeper, broader meaning of the words, "Love one 
another." 

Philomath has the distinction of being the first club composed 
of Jewish women with a regularly adopted constitution in the 
world. Philomath has now one hundred and seventy-five members ; 
it is limited, has a waiting list and is assigned the position, side 
by side, with the brilliant literary associations of the da}'. 

Some members of scintillating wit and deep thought have gone 
to their eternal home, but they have left their impress on the club. 
In March, 1914, Philomath celebrated its twentieth anniversary by 
a dinner, with toasts and song and drama and dance — all club 
talent — giving genuine pleasure to its members and friends. 

And the star which burst upon the literary horizon in 1894, 
which some thought a meteor flashing in the sky, has now become 
a fixed star and will remain "conspicuous and sublime in the spa- 
cious firmament of time." 



Federation of Jewish Charities 
of Los Angeles 

THIS organization was incorporated in March, 1912, with the 
object of establishing and providing an efficient and prac- 
tical mode of collecting contributions and donations and dis- 
tributing the same or proceeds thereof to those Jewish organiza- 
tions which are constituent members and to such other deserving 
charities as the Board of Governors may designate, for the purpose 
of enabling the constituent members to more effectively carry on 
their work by relieving them of the necessity of making separate 
appeals. 

The constituent members of the Federation at the present time 
number six — the Hebrew Benevolent Society. Ladies' Hebrew Be- 




KASPARE COHX HOSPITAL 

nevolent Society, Hebrew Consumptive Relief Association, Jewish 
Orphans' Home of Southern California, Kaspare Cohn Hospital 
and Temple Sewing Circle. In the management and control of 
these organizations the Federation has no voice, each having its 
own officers and conducting its work along what seems to them the 
most efficient lines. 

The Federation is supported by voluntary subscriptions and 
contributions. It is managed and controlled by a Board of Gov- 
ernors comprised of representatives of the constituent members. 
Its officers are : Geo. Mosbacher, president ; J. Y. Baruh, first vice- 
president ; AI. X. Xewmark, second vice-president ; Louis S. Xord- 
linger, treasurer; Henry L. Klein, secretary; Esther Sher, assistant 
secretary; Isaac Xorton, S. G. Marshutz and Dr. D. W. Edelman, 
together with the officers, act as Executive Committee. 

Of the constituent members the Hebrew Benevolent Society, 



60 WESTERN JEWRY 

which is the oldest Jewish relief organization in Los Angeles, deals 
directly with every class of Jewish poor, with the exception of 
cases pertaining particularly to women and children, these being 
left for disposition in the hands of the Ladies' Hebrew Benevolent 
Society, the Hebrew Benevolent Society relieving the women of 
any responsibility in the care of the homeless man. Officers are : 
Isaac Norton, president; A. J. Shapiro, vice-president; M. N. New- 
mark, treasurer; Victor Harris, assistant secretary. Directors: 
Rev. Dr. S. Hecht, Philip Stein and D. Bonoft. 

The Ladies' Hebrew Benevolent Society is doing practically 
the same work as the Hebrew Benevolent Society, co-operating 
with it in the care of needy Jewish families and dealing alone with 
problems pertaining to women and children. Its officers are Mrs. 
W. T. Barnett, president: ]\Irs. H. W. Frank, vice-president; Mrs. 
P. Lazerus, treasurer: Airs. V. Katze, secretary. 

The Hebrew Consumptive Relief Association, like the other 
constituent members of the Federation of Jewish Charities, de- 
pends upon the latter's organization for maintenance. This asso- 
ciation has no tubercular hospital of its own, but has erected two 
cottages at the Barlow Sanitarium and is responsible for the main- 
tenance of four beds, wdiich are at all times occupied by Jewish 
consumptives. Other patients are being cared for at the La Vina 
Sanitarium at the association's expense. 

Temple Sewing Circle numbers many Jewish women who meet 
every Tuesday afternoon in the vestry rooms of the B'nai B'rith 
Temple for the purpose of sewing garments which are distributed 
among the Jewish institutions and to such worthy families who 
come under its notice. It is almost to be wondered at the great 
amount of work accomplished by this band of women under the 
able leadership of its president, Airs. A. Prenzlauer. The other 
officers of this society are: Mrs. J. Baruch, vice-president; Mrs. 
Isaac Norton, second vice-president; Mrs. Eugene Willard, treas- 
urer, and Mrs. J. Y. Baruh, secretary. 

The Kaspare Cohn Hospital, located at 4932 Stephenson ave- 
nue, is indeed doing great good along the lines of practical charity. 
It has room for forty-three patients. This includes the tubercular 
cottage, which accommodates thirteen and which at all times is 
full to its capacity. The medical staff is composed of the very fore- 
most Jewish physicians in Los Angeles, who give their services 
without charge, and who take even more than a personal interest in 
every patient. With the exception of contagious diseases, this hospi- 
tal admits patients for treatment of every kind, and is equipped for 
every emergency. There is no strict rule in regard to admission 
of patients ; any poor Jewish person needing treatment is eligible 
for care. It depends entirely upon the Federation for support and 
maintenance. The officers of the hospital are : M. N. Newmark, 



Wfe STERN JEWRY 61 

president; Ben R. Meyer, vice-president; Henry L. Klein, secretary. 
Directors: Alexander Brick, Berthold Barucli, Sam Behrendt, Isi- 
dore Eisner, L. Goldberg, Rev. Dr. S. Hecht, J. L. Jonas and Joseph 
Miller. 

The Jewish Orphans" Home of Southern California was in- 
corporated in 1908, and was opened with five children in 1909. 
Within the first year fifty-one children were admitted. The build- 
ing occupied was soon outgrown and larger quarters secured in the 
second year of its existence. Even at this time the organization was 
taking definite steps towards erecting its own permanent buildings. 
On May 30, 1912, the home moved into its new quarters located 
upon a ten-acre tract in Huntington Park. The institution is built 
upon the cottage plan, having its own hospital, a separate Sloyd 
building, its own w^ater plant, dairy and poultry houses, raising its 
own vegetables and fruits, having its own laundry — on a whole 
being quite complete. It is the policy of the home to remove as 
far as possible the restrictions that are prevalent in institutions and 
to approach in every way the individual home life. Dr. and Mrs. 
S. Frey are the superintendents of the home and are no less than 
father and mother to the children. This institution also depends 
upon the Federation for its main support. 

The officers of the Orphans' Home are: John Kahn, president; 
George Mosbacher, first vice-president; Mrs. J. W. Hellman, sec- 
ond vice-president ; Alexander ]Meyer, third vice-president ; Marco 
H. Hellman, treasurer; Marco R. Newmark, secretary, H. L. Klein, 
financial secretary. Directors: Mrs. Edmund Bastheim. Mrs. Ben- 
jamin Goldman, Mrs. H. Baruch, SoUie Aronson, Julius Conrad, 
Isidore Eisner, M. J. Finkenstein, Joseph Loeb, S. G. Marshutz 
and R. H. Raphael. 



Congregation B'nai B'rith, Los Angeles 

THE Congregation B'nai B'rith of the Southern CaUfornia beau- 
tiful metropolis is one of the oldest Jewish communities in the 
West. It had its inception some sixty years ago, first as a benev- 
olent society, and later for the purpose of holding religious services on 
the high holidays and to provide for a cemetery. 

The first officiant was a pious layman, Mr. Newmark, father of 
the late J. M. Newmark, Mrs. Harris Newmark, Mrs. M. Kremer, 
Mrs. S. Lazard and Mrs. Eugene Meyer. The first regular min- 





TEMPLE P. NAI P. RITH, LOS ANGELES 



ister of the congregation was Rabbi Wolf Edelman, who served 
in that capacity faithfully and well for many years, until the 
reform movement in the congregation prompted his withdrawal 
from its ministrations. Dr. Emanuel Schreiber was called as the 
first reform rabbi of Temple B'nai B'rith about 1870. He 
was succeeded by Rabbis Blum and Solomon. Rev. Dr. Sigmund 
Hecht was called to the congregation in 1899 and has been its able 
and beloved rabbi ever since. When Dr. Hecht came to California 
from Milwaukee its membership did not exceed ninety. During the 
seventeen years of his leadership of the congregation, it has grown to 
three hundred and twenty-five members. 

At the beginning of 1916, the congregation called Rabbi Edgar 
F. Magnin from Stockton to serve as junior rabbi. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



63 



Its activities are varied, including not only the Sisterhood and 
cognate organizations, but several young folks' societies. 

The president of the congregation at present and for the past 
five years is Dr. D. W. Edelman, son of the late Rabbi Edelman, who 
succeeded to that office Kaspare Cohn. The presidents who preceded 
were the late Herman W. Hellman and the late Harris Newmark. 



Sinai Congregation, Los Angeles 

SIXAI Congregation was organized October, 1906. The first 
meeting was held at the home of Joseph L. Jonas, 225 W. Pico 
street ; later religious services were held every Friday evening 
and Saturday morning at B'nai B'rith hall, located on Pico street be- 
tween Flower and Hope streets. The synagogue was incorporated De- 
cember 29. 1908. In 1909 the lot was purchased on Valencia street 




- -•. A^^-'SftSSiSiv:.. 



COXr.REGATIOX SIXAI. LOS AX'GELES 



and the cornerstone for the sanctuary was laid. The dedication of the 
synagogue was held on September 15th of the same year. The officers 
present at the dedicatory ceremony were : President, Joseph L. Jonas ; 
vice-president. M. S. Kornblum ; treasurer, Dave Hirsch ; secretary, 
David Goldberg ; financial secretary, Max Marks ; trustees, Alex Brick, 
Max Cohn, M. Goldstein, Felix HaliT, J. Laventhal. J. Rosenberg and 
Karl Stern. Too much praise can not be bestowed upon Joseph L. 
Jonas who has devoted much time and money to that religious insti- 
tution. He has since its beginning been a potent factor in developing 
religious and social reforms in that congregation. He is a member of 
the well-known Jonas familv of California whose devotion to Juda- 



64 WESTERN JEWRY 

ism in all its phases has been an inspiration, and has influenced the 
lives of the Jews along right-thinking and acting. 

Those who have served as rabbis of Congregation Sinai are : 
Isidore Myers and Rudolph Farber. Rabbi David L. Liknaitz is its 
present minister. The religious school has a growing enrollment and 
is well organized. It has 215 pupils. The school meets three times a 
week, Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays. 

The officers of Congregation Sinai are: President, Peter Haber ; 
vice-president, Charles Greenberg ; secretary, J. Perluszky ; treas- 
urer, A. Sieretty. 

The Willing Workers Society affiliated with the congregation has 
accomplished splendid work. The officers are : President, Mrs. J. 
Perluszky ; vice-presidents. Miss Bertha Brown and Mrs. Blumberg ; 
secretary, Mrs. M. Cohn, and treasurer, Mrs. M. Stern. Sinai social 
and literary societies and the Junior League contribute their share 
towards making the life of the Jew and Jewess an interesting one 
and adding to the spiritual and social uplift of the community. The 
officers of Sinai's Young People's Society are : President, Charles 
Isenstein ; vice-president, Ida Kasner ; secretary, Lucile Stern. The 
Junior League president is Sylvia Bloomberg. 



Temple Sinai, Oakland 

IN 1873 a body of men banded together for the purpose of organ- 
izing a synagogue. A small building was purchased on Four- 
teenth and Franklin streets, which served for many years as a 
meeting place for a small congregation. The building burned. A new 
house of worship was the thought uppermost in the minds of the mem- 
bers. Immediately they purchased the property at Thirteenth and Clay 
streets. After a time the congregation grew until the building could 
not accommodate its members. The property was then sold and a new 
building was bought at Castro and Twelfth streets, which sanctuary 
was subsequently disposed of owing to the increase in its membership 
and a new piece of property, located at Twenty-eighth and Webster 
streets, was purchased where stands the present synagogue. 

The First Hebrew Congregation of Oakland was founded in 1875. 
Three years later the first temple was erected at Fourteenth and 
Franklin streets. Since that time the synagogue has continued to grow 
in membership and power, until today it is classed as one of the leading 
religious institutions in the West. Jacob Letter was its first president. 
Rabbi M. S. Levy was first rabbi of that congregation, which position 
he occupied for eleven years. In 1893 Rabbi Morris Friedlander was 
called to the First Hebrew Congregation from Temple Beth Jacob of 
Brooklyn, N. Y. Under his ministrations the policy of the First He- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



65 



brew Congregation was changed in line with progressive Judaism. 
With the approval of the executive committee of the rabbinical con- 
ference Dr. Friedlander revised the Hebrew Union prayer book prior 
to its adoption by his congregation. For twenty-two years Rabbi 
Friedlander occupied the pulpit and until his resignation in 1915, when 
he was called to accept a position elsewhere, he had served the con- 
gregation faithfully and efficiently and was a factor in molding the 
lives of the Jewish youth. 

In 1896 Rabbi Friedlander, foreseeing the growth and spiritual 
needs of Oakland's Jewry, pleaded to his people for a new temple. Not 
a moment did he relax his efforts, and with Abraham Jonas, the pious 




TEMPLE SINAI, O.XKLAND 

and energetic president, as well as with many others prominent in the 
affairs of the congregation, he labored in season and out of season 
until their efforts were successful. Abraham Jonas, in his annual re- 
port of October 28, 1909, urged that the First Hebrew Congregation 
( Temple Sinai ) be erected and that the old site be sold. At that time 
the suggestion was referred to the board of directors and they were 
given full power to act. In January, 1910, the congregation held a 
special meeting, when the committee on site presented its report, rec- 
ommending the purchase of a piece of property at the .southwest corner 
of Telegraph avenue and Sycamore street; the report was accepted 
and adopted. Subsequently the property was purchased for $28,000, 
which sum was obtained by subscription. The old site at Twelfth 
and Castro streets was sold for $28,000. It was deemed inadvisable to 
build on the site at Telegraph avenue and Sycamore street, and at 



66 WESTERN JEWRY 

another special session of the members of the congregation in 1912 
the board of directors were authorized to purchase the site at Twenty- 
eighth and Webster streets for $12,050. 

On August 14, 1913, President Abraham Jonas, one of the founders 
of the synagogue and for the past ten years its president, turned the 
first spade of earth and on October 26, 1913, the cornerstone was laid 
with impressive ceremonies. The structure as it stands today cost $100,- 
000, which was pledged by subscription. September 13, 1914, the mag- 
nificent temple was dedicated. About 900 people, representing the various 
Jewish organizations, as well as the rabbis of San Francisco, Oakland, 
Sacramento and Stockton, participated in the dedication services. Since 
the erection of the new synagogue, with its social hall (Covenant hall), 
which is separated from the main auditorium, all the Jewish auxiliary 
fraternities and societies conduct their meetings there, and hold social 
functions. The Jewish societies which meet in Covenant hall are the 
Ladies' Auxiliary of the First Hebrew Congregation (Temple Sinai), 
the Fruit and Flower Mission, the Daughters of Israel Relief Society 
and the Independent Order of B'nai B'rith, No. 252. 

Soon after the P'irst Hebrew Congregation was organized a coterie 
of young women, realizing the needs of the sick and poor in a large 
community, established a society known as the Daughters of Israel 
Relief Society. The Daughters of Israel Relief Society was organized 
in 1877 and has a membership of 250. Its mission is to provide clothing 
for the poor and alleviate the indigent sick. Under the regime of Mrs. 
M. H. Coffee, who acted as president of that body for fourteen years, 
the society grew in membership. A men's league was later organized 
to co-operate with the society and to act as an advisory board. 

The Ladies' Auxiliary (Temple Sisterhood), a constituent society 
of the First Hebrew Congregation (Temple Sinai) organized in 1891 
for the purpose of assisting in the Sunday school work of the syna- 
gogue and increasing its membership. It was through the efforts of this 
society that the sum of $-14,000 was raised and placed in the synagogue 
treasury to be used as the first payment on the lot upon which the 
present sanctuary stands. The organ, which cost $5000, is the gift of 
the auxiliary (Temple Sisterhood). Money was raised by entertain- 
ments and other functions. 

Early in 1912 the Fruit and Flower Mission was organized by a 
company of young women for the purpose of visiting the sick and poor 
and is continuing with its good work. 

The Independent Order of B'nai I'.'rith, No. 252, has done ef- 
fective and uplifting work among its members. 

The Judaens, the Hadassah Club and other societies assist in 
making the social and religious life of the community a success. 



WESTERN JEWRY 67 

The Jewish Community of Stockton 

TEMPLE Israel, the present reform congregation of Stockton, 
has the distinction of being one of the oldest three congrega- 
tions in California. It is said that wood which went into the 
making of the first temple came around the Horn. Organized in 
1850, in the early pioneer days immediately following the first rush 
for gold in the neighborhood in 1849, Congregation Ryhim Ahoovim 
was incorporated as early as 1854. Since then the congregation has 
continued its existence without interruption, constantly growing 
in size and increasing in efficiency, until today its influence is felt 
in ever-wider circles even beyond the limits of San Joaquin county. 
The early Jewish settlers who founded thus early a religious center 
were sturdy, energetic congregational and communal workers, who 
took a keen local pride in their Judaism and temple and were 
deeply loyal to both. During more than half a century many rabbis 
have served Temple Israel for terms of varying length. Among 
them may be mentioned the names of Rabbis Shapiro, Schwartz, 
Weinstein, Lowenthal, Treichenberg and Davidson, all of whom 
were identified with Stockton Jewry prior to the introduction of 
the first reform. Perhaps one of the most generally beloved names 
is that of H. Davidson, rabbi and chasan, who ministered to the 
religious needs of Jewish Stockton for almost twenty years. With 
the introduction of progressive religious thought, however, there 
followed a parting of the ways for many, as the result of which 
there exist today two smaller orthodox congregations besides 
Temple Israel, for many years now the enthusiastic exponent of 
reform Judaism. The former are Congregation Ahavath Achim 
and Congregation Adath Yeshurum, both with memberships below 
twenty-five. Since the introduction of reform in about 1903, in 
Temple Israel, Rabbis Farber, Margolis, Raisin, Kopalt and EUinger 
have served. In 1906 a new synagogue was erected and — because 
of its simple harmonious beauty — creates a most restful and wor- 
shipful atmosphere and is looked upon by travelers as one of the 
most beautiful, in interior, of the smaller synagogues of the country. 
Temple Israel now numbers over 100 members and is con- 
stantly increasing in its membership. It is the organized and or- 
ganizing center of Jewish life between Sacramento and the South. 
Many new phases of congregational life have recently been de- 
veloped. The practical exterior aim has been to identify the mem- 
bers of the congregation of all ages with at least one congregational 
organization outside of religious services. There are, therefore, 
today a Bible circle for adults, a mothers' club, a temple club 
for the young unmarried people, of which the temple club reading 
circle is a part, the history club for boys and girls between sixteen 
and eighteen, the post-confirmation class, and the special children's 
services for the children of the Sabbath school. During each season, 



68 WESTERN JEWRY 

under the auspices of the congregation, on week-day evenings, a 
monthly lecture course is held, through which the general public 
without charge is enabled to hear addresses on social and civic 
problems of vital public interest delivered by eminent specialists on the 
Coast. The Sabbath school figures a large number of children and 
is constantly increasing in usefulness. 

Temple Israel has always owned its cemetery and from the 
very earliest has done social service work in connection with the 
local State hospital for the insane. There is also in conjunction 
with the temple a Ladies' Auxiliary and a Hebrew Ladies" Benevo- 
lent Society. 

Sacramento, California 

THE city of Sacramento is today one of the most important 
cities of California. It has numerous and extensive resources 
and these, combined with the spirit of civic pride and prog- 
ress, developed it into a busy and humming city. 

The Jewish citizens of Sacramento are considered among its 
best citizens, for the)' constitute the bulwark of good government, 
law and order. Very little, if any, prejudice exists in this city 
against Jews, for many of them are among the best and most active 
meml:)ers in civic and communal work. 

There are approximately about 150 Jewish families in Sacra- 
mento, all of whom are fairly well situated in material prosperity. 

Sacramento Jewry is very proud of its beautiful Temple B'nai 
Israel, where, during ten months of the year the Jewish members 
of the community are busy in many religious activities. The pres- 
ent officers of the congregation are: Rabbi Michael Fried, minister; 
Sam Stone, president ; Leo Garfinkle, vice-president ; Leon Solo- 
mon, secretary, and Isidor Cohn, treasurer. 

The religious school of the congregation provides instruction 
for the children. The ladies of the congregation are organized into 
a women's auxiliary, and are very helpful to the rabbi and congre- 
gation in many ways. They always endeavor to make the temple 
appear at its best by providing flowers for the pulpit, looking after 
the general appearance of the temple, visiting the Sunday school, 
providing supplies for the school and in many other activities are 
doing excellent work. The officers are : Mrs. L. Garfinkle, presi- 
dent; Mrs. M. S. Wahrhaftig, vice-president; Mrs. U. Ahronheim, 
secretary; Mrs. A. Elkus, treasurer. The congregation also has 
a Temple Circle, which is a social and literary society and meets 
twice monthly, on the second and fourth Sunday evenings. Some 
of the most prominent men of the State have at different tuues 
addressed the members of this society, which address is usually 
followed by an enthusiastic discussion. Music and dancing also 
form an important feature of the meetings. The present officers 



WESTERN JEWRY 69 

of the Temple Circle are: Rabbi Michael Fried, president; D. 
Singer, vice-president; William Abramowitz, secretary; Miss Rae 
Goldstein, treasurer. 

Congregation B'nai Israel of Sacramento, Cal., was organized 
in 1857. Like most congregations of the United States, it was 
originally organized as an orthodox congregation. The first con- 
stitution states the mode of worship shall be in conformity with 
the Minhag Ashkenass (Custom of the German Israelites). 

This congregation, like many others, passed through three 
stages of development. During the first and early stage the con- 
gregation elected for its spiritual leader one who was to act in the 
capacity of Chasan, Shochet and teacher of children. 

Several years later the congregation laid stress in the election 
of their spiritual leader to act in the capacity of rabbi and cantor, 
and then finally the congregation required a spiritual leader who 
was to act in the capacity of a rabbi. 

On June 22, 1879, the congregation adopted new by-laws, and 
so changed the original rules and regulations, that the congregation 
adopted the Alinhag America, and became a reform congregation. 

The new constitution states: "The religious service of this 
conereeation shall be in conformitv with the Minhag America and 
be conducted with the assistance of a choir and organ."" 

Today Congregation B'nai Israel is a progressive, reformed 
congregation and one of the leading Jewish institutions on the Pa- 
cific Coast. In 1895 the congregation joined the Union of American 
Hebrew Congregations. 

In the year 1880 the congregation elected Rabbi Jacob Bloch 
for its spiritual leader, and since then the congregation had many 
prominent rabbis occupying the pulpit and served as follows: 
Rabbi Jacob Bloch, 1880-1884; Rabbi G. Tauhenhause, 1885-1889; 
Rabbi j. Leonard Levy, 1889-1893; Rabbi Barnett A. Elzas, 1893- 
1894; Rabbi Abraham Simon, 1894-1899; Rabbi William H. Green- 
berg, 1901-1902; Rabbi B. M. Kaplan, 1902-1904; Rabbi M. X. A. 
Cohen, 1904-1907; Rabbi Michael Fried, 1907. 

The present incumbent is Rabbi Michael Fried, who has been 
rabbi of the congregation since 1907, and the institution is in a 
prosperous and healthy condition. 

The poor, destitute and strangers of the Jewish faith are looked 
after bv the two benevolent societies of the community. The 
Ladies' Hebrew Benevolent Society looks after the women and 
families, and the Men's Hebrew Benevolent Society looks after the 
men who may need assistance. Both of these societies are doing 
excellent and eflficient work in ameliorating the condition of the 
poor and needy. The officers of the Ladies' Benevolent Society 
are: Mrs. Michael Fried, president; Mrs. Sam Stone, vice-presi- 
dent; Mrs. M. Simon, secretary; Mrs. A. Elkus, treasurer. The 
officers of the Men's Benevolent Society are: L. Garfinkle, presi- 



70 WESTERN JEWRY 

dent; Dr. L. G. Reynolds, vice-president; Rabbi Michael Fried, 
secretary and treasurer. Another busy and important Jewish or- 
ganization of Sacramento is Etham Lodge, No. Z7 , I. O. B. B. This 
lodge is the second oldest lodge in the district, and one of the 
strongest, both in regard to the number of members and in respect 
to its activities and usefulness. Meetings are held on the second 
and fourth Tuesday of each month, and as a rule are well attended. 
Important Jewish topics are discussed at these meetings in which 
the members are greatly interested and show great enthusiasm. 
The present officers of Etham Lodge are : D. Singer, president ; 
William Abramovitz, vice-president ; Leon Solomon, secretary, and 
J. Ginsberg, treasurer. 



Congregation Beth Israel, San Diego 

JEWS have been residents of San Diego for upwards of half a 
century and their early history is shrouded in mystery. Tra- 
ditions differ somewhat but not so very much as to prevent 
an intelligent recital thereof in brief. These Jewish pioneers lived 
in Old Town, which was more or less of a Mexican village. The Marcus 
Schiller and Joseph Manas.se families were established in business 
more than half a century ago and were very prominent. Services 
were held on the high holy days in the Schiller home, where wan- 
dering co-religionists were billeted so that Minyan was assured. 
There possibly were some contemporary Jewish residents, at any 
rate they arrived about the same period, among whom were Rose, 
who donated the old cemetery and who gave name to Roseville 
and Rose Canyon, A. Klauber, Simon Levi, Rudolph Schiller, 
Adolph Levi, Steiner, Abram Blochman, Mendelsohn and others. 
A congregation was organized, worship conducted on festivals and 
a religious school met in the Masonic hall under the direction 
of Mrs. A. Blochman. By this time New Town, or the beginning 
of present San Diego, was the center of population, and the grad- 
ually growing Jewish population kept together and labored to- 
gether in the cause of Judaism. By this time Isaac Kuhn, Samuel 
I. Fox, Simon Goldbaum and others in course of time made their 
home here, including Julius Naumann, Maurice E. Meyer, etc., and 
each and all took an interest in the progress of the congregation. 
About twenty-seven years ago property was purchased at the 
corner of Second and Beech streets and a house of worship erected. 
Marcus Schiller was succeeded as president of Bet-h Israel by 
Abram Blochman. Among the rabbis who served the congrega- 
tion during this period were Rabbis Moses, Freuder, etc. The Jew- 
ish population decreased by both death and removal from the city, 
and for many years no rabbi was retained. In 1909 the city began 



WESTERN JEWRY 



71 



to grow out of all proportion and the arrival of Rabbi E. Ellinger 
stimulated the desire to hold regular worship. Simon Levi ac- 
cepted the presidency, the temple was renovated and re-dedicated 
on Friday evening, September 10, 1909. Mr. Levi was succeeded 
by Samuel L Fox and Mr. Fox by Adolph Levi. Rabbi Ellinger 
was succeeded by Rabbi Montague N. A. Cohen who came from 
Butte, Mont., in the summer of 1912. 

In connection with the congregation a mothers' club was in- 




TEMPLE BETH ISR.VEL, S.\N DIEGO 

stituted many years ago by the mothers of children who attended 
the religious school. The school for many years was managed by 
Mesdames A. Blochman and S. Brust, and by Misses Celita Ma- 
nasse and Celia Schiller. The latter is still an invaluable assistant 
to the rabbi. The Mothers' Club has become an auxiliary to the 
congregation. 

The Ladies' Hebrew Aid Society has for more than a quarter 
of a century attended to the wants of the poor and the needy. Today 
the congregation numbers more than sixty members. Great hopes 
are held out that the community will grow to vast proportions and 
that it will be an invaluable asset in the community of Jewish con- 
gregational life of California and the Pacific Coast. 

Officers of the societies are : 
Directors of Congregation Beth Israel — Adolph Levi, president; 
S. I. Fox, vice-president; M. L. Davidson, treasurer; Lucien A. 
Blochman, Simon Levi, Mark Schoenbrun and L. A. Unger. Samuel 
Schiller is the secretary. 

Mothers' Club — Miss Laura Schiller, president ; Mrs. A. Blum- 
berg, treasurer; Mrs. Ben Lubin, corresponding secretary; Mrs. A. 
Weinstock, recording secretary. 



Biographies 



CHARLES LOUIS ACKERMAN 

CHARLES LOUIS ACKERMAN, 
son of Louis and Caroline ( Fleish- 
man ) Ackerman, was born October 1st, 
1850, in New Orleans. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools of San Fran- 




Charles Louis Ackerman 

cisco and received a degree of LL.B. in 
1871 from Harvard University Law 
School. He commenced to practice 
law in Boston, Mass., in 1871. In 1872 
he returned to San Francisco and en- 
gaged in the practice of his profession. 
He was married in 1878 to Miss Carrie 
Meyer. In 1879, ?vlr. Ackerman formed 
a partnership with Joseph Naphtaly and 
David Freidenrich. which continued for 
twenty-six years, until he retired in 
1905. This law firm was one of the most 
prominent in the State, and represented 
among others the Southern Pacific 
Company, Market Street Railway Com- 
pany and numerous other large con- 
cerns including the San Francisco 
Board of Trade. Mr. Ackerman was a 
Democrat and helped to nominate most 
of the municipal Democratic tickets for 
twenty years. He was appointed judge- 



advocate general and colonel by Gov. 
Bartlett. He was one of the most 
brilliant speakers and had the repu- 
tation of being the best after-dinner 
speaker in California, and one of the 
best and cleverest impromptu speakers. 
His greatest strength as an attorney 
was as a trial lawyer. He was one of 
the best pleaders before a jury and in 
all the time that his firm represented 
the Market Street Railway, they never 
lost an important case in fifteen years. 
He was attorney for Florence Blythe, 
in which case was involved one of the 
largest fees at that time. His firm won 
the case for her. He had a large li- 
brary ; in fact, one of the largest pri- 
vate libraries in the West. He was a 
great lover of art and literature. 

Charles Louis Ackerman was very 
charitable. First and foremost a Jew, 
a member of the Congregation Temple 
Emanu-El, and practically of all the 
Jewish charitable organizations in San 
Francisco. He was several times 
president of the Concordia Club and a 
member of the San Francisco Bar As- 
sociation. His demise occurred Janu- 
ary 25, 1909. His wife and one son, 
Irving Charles Ackerman, an attorney 
of San Francisco, survive. 



ABRAM ANSPACHER 

IT has been said that one must be 
beloved to win a sobriquet. Abram 
Anspacher, the dear "Old Man Be- 
nevolent" was more than beloved, he 
was held in mingled love and honor 
and with something of sacred fear he 
was revered. The beauty of his life 
brightened and blessed, not only his 
own pathway, but the pathway of the 
many who trod the rugged road. The 
poor and suffering he wrapped in the 
folds of infinite compassion, for when 
love for humanity takes possession of 



WESTERN TEWRY 



71 



the heart, it dominates every other af- 
fection and desire. This love which he 
bore for his fellows manifested itself 
in a constant effort to benefit man- 
kind, and it was reflected — it was borne 
back to him in the form which be- 
stowed upon him this loving cognomen, 
"Old Man Benevolent." 

Let us go back and follow from the 
beginning the life of Abram Anspacher, 
and perhaps we may learn in a small 
measure of the great love he radiated 
everywhere he went. He had the whole 
path to walk the same as the rest of 
us, the wdiole race to run, temptation 




Abram Anspacher 

to overcome ; the wilderness, the fire 
to go through, his fears to face, even 
as you or I ; but he found peace, the 
true peace that passeth understanding 
— but why? He found Emanu-El; 
"God with us." 

Abram Anspacher was of German 
parentage — of the good German stock 
that has made the backbone of Amer- 
ican Judaism. He was born August 
13, 1818, in the small town of Weimar, 
Schmiedau, in Bavaria. At that time 
fifteen Jewish families composed the 
small congregation which flourished 
there. For many reasons (the restric- 
tive laws against the Jews, modified 
onlv since 1848, were in full force) the 



chief one being the compulsory mili- 
tary service which did not appeal to 
him and which would prevent him 
from being the support of his parents. 
So he left his home at the age of 
twenty-one. 

When he first arrived in America in 
1839, he located at Cincinnati, later 
moving to Louisville, Ky., and after- 
wards to Evansville, Ind., where he 
permanently resided. From the time 
of his arrival we begin to hear the 
name of A. Anspacher mentioned with 
the utmost respect. He was among the 
earliest of the membership of K. K. 
Bene Yeshurun in Cincinnati ; then as 
a member and presiding officer of the 
Louisville congregation ; later on we 
meet him in the same capacity in the 
congregation of Evansville, Ind. ; al- 
ways in front of the workers, and then 
since 1868 in San Francisco, a member 
and ofScer of the Emanu-El Congre- 
gation ; a leading man in all charities 
and enterprises. In the records of these 
four congregations, many charities, and 
in the records of the Lnion of Amer- 
ican Hebrew Congregations and its 
college, the name of A. Anspacher is 
indelibly inscribed as that of an 
Israelite, worthy and distinguished. 

His commercial life is of interest. 
Ten years after his arrival in this coun- 
try he was one of the leading mer- 
chants of Indiana. From the foot of 
the ladder he climbed surely and 
steadily, helping build up the commer- 
cial and industrial power of the coun- 
try of his adoption. Among his com- 
petitors he was well known for his 
high conceptions of business integrity. 

The following letter sent to Mr. An- 
spacher after he left for California 
speaks for itself : 

"I regret I had not the extreme 
pleasure of seeing you before you left, 
as in this degenerate age of deception 
and deceit it does one good to take an 
honest man by the hand. Such, my 
friend. I have always found you, prompt, 
straightforward, strict in all vour busi- 



74 



WESTERN JEWRY 



ness engagements. Seldom I found 
your equal, never your superior — for 
fair dealing and integrity. I hope and 
I know you will be successful in your 
new venture, and in a new country. It 
will always afiford me pleasure to serve 
you. Command me whenever you 
need me." 

Eloquent, indeed, are such letters. 

Upon his arrival in California, in 
1868, he founded the firm of An- 
spacher Brothers, and later composed 
of his sons and son-in-law, it became 
an extensive, widely-known firm in the 
Livermore Valley. With the success 
and prosperity of the concern assured, 
Mr. Anspacher retired in order that he 
might devote the remaining years of 
his life to the interests so dear to him. 

Connected with every religious and 
charitable organization in San Fran- 
cisco, he devoted all his time to the 
comfort and well-being of the poor. It 
was not Mr. Anspacher's way to dis- 
pense charity with a lavish hand, ac- 
companied by the blare of trumpets ; 
his way was to bestow his blessings 
quietly. He would not mar the beauty 
of his kind acts, and his charities were 
princely. His tenderness towards the 
young, the feeble and the needy were 
beautiful. On the death of the Rev. 
Mr. Henry he secured that gentleman's 
valuable library and gave it to the 
Hebrew Union college. On the found- 
ing of the Chair of History in that col- 
lege he telegraphed the first thousand 
dollars to the convention at Baltimore. 
Another noble gift was $10,000 to the 
Pacific Hebrew Orphan Asylum, and 
equipped the musically inclined boys 
of the home with instruments and uni- 
forms, and the Anspacher Band, as it 
was lovingly called during his lifetime, 
rendered splendid service in providing 
music for young and old in conse- 
quence of Mr. Anspacher's munificence. 
He was president of the Eureka Be- 
nevolent Society and at the age of 
seventy-five he became president of 



Temple Emanu-El, a position he held 
with dignity. 

Here is an incident which it is well 
to relate of him, as being character- 
istic of the man: On August 1, 1860, 
the Congregation B'nai Israel of 
Evansville, Ind., being considerably 
involved, financially, he uttered twenty- 
four notes of $500 each for their bene- 
fit. A poor man at the time, with an 
invalid wife and six children, he found 
it impossible to pay so large a sum in 
cash at one time. However, in 1862, 
in just two years, through his own in- 
dividual efiforts he collected sufficient 
money to cover these notes. 

Mr. Anspacher was a life member of 
the Jewish Publication Society and a 
life member of the Buford Free Kin- 
dergarten Society, and vice-president 
of the Jewish Alliance of California, 
which was organized in 1891. Among 
his donations was a substantial gift to 
the Y. M. C. A. When he was a resi- 
dent of Evansville he was one of the 
founders of Thisbe Lodge No. 24, I. O. 
B. B. He was a member of the Ma- 
sonic order in Evansville and held all 
the oflfices in his lodge until he became 
worshipful master, and it is saying vol- 
umes for this good man's personality 
when it is remembered that the mem- 
bership of that lodge was composed of 
ninety per cent Gentiles. 

He was very methodical. A scrap- 
book kept by him was indexed to the 
smallest detail. During his spare mo- 
ments he composed beautiful poems 
and dedicated them to his family. 

Far more noteworthy than all his 
good deeds and achievements was 
Abram Anspacher's personal goodness, 
his piety and religious fervor. He was 
pre-eminently the type of the noble 
Jew in whose presence all religious 
dissent is silenced. He served his God 
and his people. And now that he 
walks no longer in our midst we feel 
richer and better for having known 
him, and the example he set by his 



WESTERN JEWRY 



/:> 



kindly, sympathetic way in this 
noblest story of sacrifice and devotion 
will long be the guiding star to those 
that are left behind. 

A witty letter from Dr. Isaac M. 
Wise: 

Cincinnati, September 25, 1899. 
My Dear Friend Anspacher : 

It seems that you and I are becom- 
ing more foolish as we become older; 
I, because I am now at work sixteen 
hours a day, mealtime excepted, which 
is rank folly, and you because you 
imagine yourself too old to do much of 
anything. It does not appear from 
your letter that you are much en- 
feebled. Still, I think we have a right 
now to get somewhat foolish. I be- 
cause I was wise for eighty years, and 
you because you have done so much 
good in eighty-two years to this world 
that you may now inflict a little folly 
npon the world. But I must advise 
you not to afiflict yourself with the 
imagined frailty and feebleness of old 
age. Keep sweet your humor as your 
heart is benevolent ; turn the eighty- 
two into twenty-eight, and live accord- 
in^lv with thanks to the Lord who has 
gifted yon with special kindness to be 
vet A. Anspacher as always hereto- 
fore, and expect of Him to prolong 
the lease up to 100, as he can hardly af- 
ford to let you go below par. If you 
want me to do it I will assist you ne- 
gotiating that lease. 
Yours as ever. 

(Signed) Is.\.\c M. Wise. 

An appreciatory letter : 
San Francisco, January 29, 1885. 
A. Anspacher, Esq. : 

Dear Sir — At a meeting of the board 
of trustees of the Pacific Hebrew 
Orphan Asylum & Home Society, 
held on the 20th inst., the undersigned 
were appointed a committee to convey 
to you the sincere and heartfelt thanks 
of the board for the generous and lib- 
eral gift of the sum of $10,000 donated 



by you to the society, for the purpose 
of perpetuating the "Brass Band," 
which you have at your own cost 
created and maintained until now. 

We take pride and pleasure in car- 
rying out the mission of thanks en- 
trusted to us and prefer to speak to 
you in the plain and simple language 
which one friend will use in speaking 
to another, rather than in the stereo- 
typed form of resolution. 

We thank you from the bottom of 
our hearts for your kind and noble act 
and in giving expression to our feel- 
ing and those of all the members of the 
board, we speak for the orphans whose 
welfare and happiness evidently forms 
one of the main objects of your 
thoughts and wishes. 

The thoughtfulness with which you 
have established this permanent or- 
chestral union amongst the orphans in 
our charge deserves the highest praise. 
Besides offering innocent enjoyment 
to our wards, having an intellectual 
and refining influence upon the char- 
acter of our boys and promoting 
friendship amongst them, the knowl- 
edge and proficiency which they are 
enabled to acquire by your munificence 
will probably in many cases be a source 
of income to them, when their ordi- 
nary calling in life proves insufificient 
for their support. 

We feel particularly grateful for 
your magnificent donation because in 
your eagerness to accomplish a good 
act, you do not content yourself with 
the usual way of giving by bequest, 
but carry out your good intention at 
once and without delay. 

We thank you for the noble example 
which you thereby give to others and as 
the only recompense which we can ofifer 
you, we express the fervent hope and 
prayer that kind Providence may keep 
and preserve you in health and con- 
tentment for many years to come. 

May you enjoy in the midst of your 
family and your many friends the re- 



76 



WESTERN JEWRY 



spect, love and affection, which form 
the highest and sweetest reward for a 
Hfe spent in iisefuhiess, purity and 
charity. 

Very respectfully, 

S. W. Levy, President. 
Leo Eloesser, Secretary. 

H. L. Simon, 
SiG Greenebaum, 

S. W. ROSENSTOCK. 

Committee. 

A poetical tribute to Abram Anspacher 

by C. A. : 

ABEAM ANSPACHER 

When God sent forth thy soul to earth's abode 
He asked: Wlierewith shall I send thee forth, 
And tell what vesture shall adorn thy frame? 
Wilt thou be clothed on with Wisdom's garb? 
Shall Knowledge hoar from that high brow shine 
To penetrate like Moses's flame, each nook 
And cranny of the Ages' ignorance? 
Wilt thou have the Poet's gift of song, 
Inspired breath sent down from Heaven's heights, 
With every dallying breeze thy senses steep 
In languors born of Nature's beauteous breath? 
Shall Gold, Pactolean stream, begin anew 
To strive with thy nature's higher powers. 
Bring down that bright aerial visitant. 
Thy soul, into the dust, sullying its wings 
Till it can rise no more, into that blue 
Thou eallst till now thy Heavenly Father's 

home ? 
Shall Power be thine? When at thy chariot's 

wheel 
Shall bend and cringe the wondering multitude. 
Fearing thy haughty smile, glassing Authority, 
Pride's subject sole until thy fearsome crest 
Is brought again to lowly earth's abode? 
Say! What wilt thou choose of Heavenly blessing? 
And Abram spake: In thy far Heaven, Lord, 
I feel Thee near, though the most distant star 
Knows not or guesses that most secret abode; 
Thy love is everywhere. The Monad knows 
Its force and suns shine forth resplendent beams 
Whose tires mirror forth ineffable, transcending 
All that Imagination's dreams can body forth; 
Yet all it means, and is, but Love! Love! 
And I, the airy bubble of a day. 
Breathed with Thy Breath. Oh, all I ask of Thee 
To but shadow forth in mild degree 
That love. So when Mankind call 
My name, then let it be with such love 
That every tender heart will be astir. 
And I go forth with blessings. Rich and poor 
My brethren be. Mercy, Kindness, Peace 
May all share alike with me. And God 
Said, "So let it be in Heaven and Earth." 



SIMON BACHMAN 

THE traits which distinguished 
Simon Bachman as a man among 
men were his fairness and his impar- 
tiality in all his dealings. Equal jus- 
tice manifested itself in his every act, 
word and thought and it was for this 
that he was held in high esteem. Blunt 
of speech but carrying no sting of sar- 
casm or criticism, his frankness was 
always well meant. His loyal interest 
in his friends, his liberality in alms- 
eivine and his kindliness toward all 
with whom he came in contact were 




Simon Bacliman 

characteristics which endeared him to 
many. 

Simon Bachman was born March 17, 
1834, in Bavaria, Germany. The edu- 
cation he received was the best that 
could be obtained in the schools of his 
native land. When he was a young 
man he emigrated to the United States, 
arriving in California in the early 
fifties. His first place of residence was 
at Mission San Jose. Here he em- 
barked in the mercantile business. At 
that time San Francisco was an invit- 
ing place for the young and ambitious 
and Mr. Bachman decided to remove 
to that city. 

In 1865 he married Miss Sophie 



WESTERN JEWRY 



77 



Goldman. A longing- to see the old 
home and familiar scenes of his boy- 
hood caused him to return to Europe 
for a time, but in 1869, at the outbreak 
of the Franco- Prussian war, he came 
back to San Francisco. 

Joining Mendel Esberg, a company 
was formed in wholesale cigars and 
tobacco, the firm name being Esberg, 
Bachman & Co. This business in- 
creased to a large degree and continued 
until the death of Mr. Esberg in 1896, 
when the firm was changed to Simon 
Bachman & Co. In 1906 the firm was 
incorporated, withdrawing from the 
tobacco business ^and dealing ■exclu- 
sively in the wholesale cigar trade. 
This was the year Mr. Bachman re- 
tired from the active management of 
the firm. This and other interests 
kept him an active man until his death 
October 28, 1912. 

Simon Bachman was one of the pio- 
neer members of Temple Emanu-El 
and earnestly interested in the various 
Jewish organizations of charity in the 
city. He is survived by one son, Ar- 
thur Bachman, and two daughters, 
Mrs. Samuel Dinkelspiel and ]\Irs. 
Louis A. Schwabacher. 



JULIUS BAUM 

JULIUS BAUM was born in 1833 in 
Diespeck, near Nuremberg, Ger- 
many. His education was received in 
the village schools of his native city. 
At the age of sixteen he came to the 
United States and found employment 
in St. Louis, Mo., where he remained 
for about three years. 

To the young man, the call of the 
West was so persistent that he settled 
his afifairs in the inland city and made 
the journey to California in 1852, 
choosing San Francisco as his place 
of abode. The general merchandising 
and the wholesale clothing business in 
which he engaged were his own, but in 
1869 he formed a partnership under the 
name of Baum & Schrier, in which 



he continued with prosperity until 
1886. In 1886 he became a grain broker 
and was also a member of the Produce 
Exchange. 

He was the founder and president 
of the Vulcan Powder Works, vice- 
president and stockholder in the Sutter 
Street Railway Company, director of 
the Union Insurance Company, and 
actively interested in other corpora- 
tions of high standing. At that time 
he was rated as one of the wealthiest 
of San Francisco's rich men. 

April 12, 1864, Julius Baum married 




Julius Baum 

Miss Clara Waller of New York City. 
Six children were born to them — ]\Irs. 
Sam Bauer, Mrs. Charles Schlessinger, 
Helen Baum, Benjamin J. Baum and 
Arthur W. Baum. Two nephews were 
also adopted by them and reared 
as their own — Edward and Samuel 
Louisson. 

Mr. Baum was one of the first mem- 
bers of the Temple Emanu-El and one 
of the founders and the treasurer of 
the Alason Street Congregation. His 
religion was very dear to him and he 
was present at the services every 
week. 

His charities were not confined to 
the Eureka Benevolent Society and 



78 



WESTERN JEWRY 



other philanthropic institutions of 
which he was an active member, but 
were given wherever needed. 

When Julius Baum's death took 
place on the seventeenth of March, 
1897, he left behind a host of friends 
who will long mourn the good, true, 
happy-hearted man he was. San Fran- 
cisco never had a more staunch be- 
liever in her future than he. His fore- 
sight in her prosperity and growth and 
courage has since been proven. 



ISAAC F. BLOCH 

AMONG the rugged pioneers, whose 
will power and intelligence did so 
much towards the building up of the 
Golden West, there were quite a few 
who were men of superior education 
and unusual culture. Isaac F. Bloch 
was one of them. He was a great stu- 
dent of English, German and Hebrew, 
and ihough a practical business man, 
he devoted his leisure hours to chari- 
table and religious work. 

Isaac Bloch was born in Floss, 
Bavaria, Germany, in 1822. Coming to 
the United States at an early age, he 
settled in Alabama, where he clerked 
and merchandised until the early '50's, 
when he moved to San Francisco. 
With Aaron and Leopold Cahn he 
established mercantile institutions in 
Portland, The Dalles and Walla Walla, 
and became known in the Northwest 
as a high-minded, progressive man of 
affairs. In 1886 the firm dissolved. 
Later in San Francisco he established 
a tannery, which was the first of its 
kind in the L'nited States, for the 
manufacture of high-grade leathers, 
under the firm name of Bloch & David- 
son, in which firm he retained an active 
interest until the time of his death. 

Isaac Bloch, during a long and hon- 
orable career, was greatly admired by 
reason of his piety, his broad-minded- 
ness, his scholarly attainments and his 
abiding faith in human nature. He 



was a member of the Masonic order 
and gave liberally of his substance to 
the poor and needy. He was very ac- 
tive in Jewish affairs of every descrip- 
tion. He was one of the founders 
of Congregation Emanu-El and for 
many years its vice-president and direc- 
tor, and was chairman of the building 
committee and a very active worker 




Isaac F. Bloch 

in the congregation. He was also a 
member of the first board of directors 
of the Pacific Hebrew Orphan Asylum. 
The Eureka Benevolent Society, as 
well as numerous other similar organi- 
zations, found in Isaac Bloch a staunch 
supporter. He married Celine Cahn, 
who, with the following children, sur- 
vive him : Henry M., A. I., Arthur, Dr. 
Herbert I., Sarah, Estelle and Louis. 
He died in 1883. 



JOSHUA HARRY BLOOM 

JOSHUA HARRY BLOOM was a 
native son of California, having 
been born in San Francisco March 7, 
1864; the son of Samuel and Pauline 
(Alpern) Bloom. His education was 
obtained in the city of his birth in the 
public schools and later in the high 
schools, augmented by a commercial 
course at Heald's Business College and a 



WESTERN JEWRY 



79 



course in chemistry at the Vander Naillen 
Engineering College. This last course 
was in preparation for the business 
career he eventually pursued. During 
his school life he was an athlete of no 
mean ability. The fact that he was 
rated as an extraordinarily good singer 
made him very popular in whatever 
company he found himself. Before Mr. 




Joshua Harry Bloom 

Bloom left school he entered into the 
tannery business of his father's firm, 
which became known as the Samuel 
Bloom & Sons Company. 

His efficiency and good judgment 
soon proved to his father that his stal- 
wart young son was fully capable of as- 
suming control of the business which 
had come to him from his grandfather 
through his own father. Thus Joshua 
Harry Bloom was the fourth genera- 
tion to carry on the tannery business 
that was known by the Bloom name. 
It was the rule of his life to never shirk 
the least detail in anything. This was 
the reason of his success and one well 
worthy of emulation. 

In February of 1889 Mr. Bloom was 
married to Miss Mollie Zemansky of San 
Francisco. To them were born two 
daughters, Rietta and Florine. Mr. 
Bloom's devotion to his family, his loy- 



alty to his friends, and his charity to 
all who were needy caused a great 
many people to mourn his loss when he 
was taken away by death the nine- 
teenth of December, 1914. 

His great interest, outside of busi- 
ness, was in the Masonic order, in which 
he was one of the most earnest work- 
ers. He was a member of Fidelity 
Lodge, F. & A. M., the Scottish Rite, 
Thirty-second Degree, and was a 
Shriner. He was also a member of 
Temple Emanuel and of the Federation 
of Jewish Charities. 



SAMUEL BLOOM 

A DETAILED history of manufac- 
turing in California would hardly 
be complete without mentioning the 
man who occupied a conspicuous posi- 
tion in its development for over half a 
century. 

The Samuel Bloom & Sons Company 




Samuel Bloom 

is one of the oldest and best known tan- 
neries in the West. 

Its founder, Samuel Bloom, son of 
Meyer Bloom, was born in Poland in 
1833. At the age of fifteen he came 
to the United States, one year before 
the gold discoveries in California ex- 
cited the interests of the world. Young 



80 



WESTERN JEWRY 



Bloom moved westward several years 
later, arriving in San Francisco via 
Nicaragua. He opened a merchandise 
store in Georgetown and being thor- 
oughly trained in the tanning business, 
as were his father and grandfather before 
him, he availed himself of the oppor- 
tunity that soon offered itself to estab- 
lish a tannery in San Francisco. This 
business is still in existence and has be- 
come known all over the world for the 
excellence of its manufacture. Samuel 
Bloom was a man of education in the 
broadest sense of the term. His chari- 
ties were numerous, while the principal 
Jewish organizations of San Francisco 
counted him among their most valued 
supporters. He was one of the founders 
of the Congregation Beth Israel (Geary 
street synagogue) and was a member of 
the building committee of the old house 
of worship. He was past master of the 
A. O. U. W. and past president of the 
Montefiore Lodge, I. O. B. B. He was 
a man of great personal charm, highly 
esteemed for his piety and simplicity. 

He married Pauline Alpern of San 
Francisco and the following children 
were born to them: Joshua H. (de- 
ceased), Solomon Bloom, the well- 
known attorney, and D. C. Bloom, who 
conducts the business of his father. 

Samuel Bloom died April 8, 1910. 



JOSEPH BRANDENSTEIN 

WHEN Joseph Brandenstein, who 
was born September 27 , 1826, ar- 
rived in California in 1850 and pro- 
ceeded to establish himself in business 
in the country of his adoption, he had 
the advantage of a good education. His 
father was a well-to-do merchant in the 
town of his birth, Hume, near Cassel, 
Germany, and was able to give his son 
a good common school training. (The 
senior Brandenstein was a Napoleonic 
war veteran). When Joseph Bran- 
denstein was a young man it was his 
intention to become a physician, but 
after a short pursual of the studies re- 



quired gave up the idea as he took a 
dislike to the profession. As his means 
permitted he gradually perfected his 
education with the assistance of pri- 
vate tutors. His love for culture led 
him into a study of literature. He was 
a Shakespearean student of no mean 
standing and possessed a historical 
knowledge of great scope. Versifica- 
tion appealed to him and many poems 
of genuine merit were written bv him 
in both the English and German lan- 




Joseph Brandenstein 

guages and are now cherished by 
friends, proud in their possession of 
them. 

Prior to his arrival in the United 
States he was engaged in commercial 
occupations in his native city and. there- 
fore, was not a novice when he under- 
took to build up a mercantile business. 
He met with experiences similar to 
those encountered by other California 
pioneers. At times he engaged in min- 
ing operations. In 1854 he formed a 
co-partnership with Albert S. and 
Moses Rosenbaum in San Francisco, 
in the wholesale business of leaf to- 
bacco and cigars. 

In 1855 he married ^liss Jane Rosen- 
baum, sister of his partners, in San 
Francisco. The wedding ceremony was 



WESTERN JEWRY 



81 



performed by Dr. Eckman, the imme- 
diate predecessor of Dr. Elkan Cohn. 
Mr. Brandenstein remained in active 
business until 1880, when the co-part- 
nership was dissolved. After that time 
he devoted himself almost exclusively 
to philanthropic work, while some 
of his time was engaged in looking 
after his many private interests. 

Joseph Brandenstein was promi- 
nently connected with the German 
colony. In 1876, at the time of the de- 
struction by fire of its hospital, he was 
president of the German Benevolent 
Society. He selected the site of the 
present location of the German Hos- 
pital and when there was hesitation 
about its purchase, he, himself, bought 
it, assuring the directors that they 
would want it ultimately. As he 
predicted, they did want it, and he 
turned it over to them at the price 
he paid for it. He was one of the founders 
of the German Altenheim, was presi- 
dent for many successive terms, finally 
retiring- at his own solicitation. He 
was also deeply interested in many 
Jewish charities. He served on the di- 
rectorate of the Pacific Hebrew 
Orphan Asylum, and served as presi- 
dent of the Mount Zion Hospital Asso- 
ciation. 

Jane Brandenstein, the beloved wife 
of Joseph Brandenstein, died on the 
26th day of August, 1904, while he 
passed away March 23, 1910, leaving 
a family of ten children, many grand- 
children and great-grandchildren. His 
sons and daughters are as follows : 
Max J., Alfred J., Manfred, Henry U., 
Edward and Charles Brandenstein ; 
Flora Jacobi (deceased), Edith Jacobi, 
Tillie Greenebaum and Agnes Silver- 
berg. 

Joseph Brandenstein's chief char- 
acteristics were quickness nf percep- 
tion, directness of action, great vitality 
and nervous energy. He was warm- 
hearted and generous to a degree and, 
despite his long years of practical ex- 
perience in life, was an idealist. He 



was in a measure the natural product 
of his birth and ancestry. In all the 
domestic virtues — charitableness and 
goodness of heart — he was a Jew. In 
poetic temperament and idealism there 
was much of the Germanic in him. He 
was in all splendidly representative, in 
integrity, ability and education, of the 
highest type of the European Jew of 
the past generation. 



LEOPOLD BRENNER 

WHILE little is known of the early 
part of Leopold Brenner's life be- 
yond the fact that he was born in Ger- 
many and his education began there, 
one feels that the real history of his life 




Leopold Brenner 

is that part of it which he gave to the 
upbuilding of the State and city he 
chose for his home. His reputation for 
honesty, kindliness and charity will 
live on among those who once knew 
him well. 

For many years Leopold Brenner 
conducted a very successful whole- 
sale men's furnishing goods business 
in San Francisco and his business pros- 
pered because of his courtesy, affability 
and rugged honesty. 

For some time he was the vice-presi- 
dent of the Sherith Israel Congrega- 



82 



WESTERN JEWRY 



tion and filled his duties with dignity 
and efficiency. The Eureka Benevo- 
lent Society, the First Hebrew Benevo- 
lent Society, the Orphans' Home and 
the Home for the Aged numbered Mr. 
Brenner among their valued members. 
Mr. Brenner died January 19, 1902 and 
left one son, Gustave B. Brenner, to 
mourn his loss. 



HYMAN PHILIP BUSH 

HYMAN PHILIP BUSH was born 
in Xew York on the 24th of Feb- 
ruary, 1848, and died the 30th of De- 
cember, 1907. Miss Caroline Abraham be- 
came his wife May 24, 1874. Two chil- 




Hynian Philip Bush 

dren were the fruit of this marriage, 
Philip Lee Bush and Arthur Cleveland 
Bush. 

During the Civil War he was in the 
service of the United States Sanitary 
Commission. Later he became an of- 
ficer in the Eighth Regiment, National 
Guard, N. Y. Shortly after coming to 
California in 1871 he became identified 
with the National Guard of the State 
and was elected a lieutenant in the 
Hewston Rifles, which later became a 
part of the first infantry regiment, 
known as Company H. He was 
elected captain of this company in 



1872, and served as such for many 
years, later becoming lieutenant-colonel 
and colonel of this regiment, in which 
capacity he served until the consolida- 
tion of the three San Francisco militia 
regiments, after which time he was re- 
tired at his own request. 

In 1901 the Governor of the State 
directed that he return to the active 
list and organize a Coast Artillery Bat- 
talion, which he successfully com- 
manded for four years. When this 
work was completed, and it was 
a success, he asked to be retired and 
returned to the retired list. In appre- 
ciation for his long services. Governor 
Pardee in 1905 appointed him brigadier- 
general of the Second Brigade, N. G. 
C, in which capacity he served for a 
short period. 

General Bush was a Democrat in 
politics, being a prominent participant 
in the early activities of that party in 
the State. He was appointed to the 
position of chief accountant of the 
United States Mint during the first ad- 
ministration of President Cleveland, 
and held that position until the time 
of his death. He was a prominent and 
charter member of many charitable or- 
ganizations. He was a member of the 
California Society of New Yorkers, a 
member of Mount Moriah Lodge, 
Masonic order, a member of the I. O. 
O. F., past grand president of District 
No. 4, I. O. O. B., and a member of a 
number of Jewish organizations. 



AARON CAHN 

TWO years after the California 
gold discoverers Aaron Cahn ar- 
rived in San Francisco via the Isthmus 
and two years later moved to Mon- 
terey, where he engaged in the gen- 
eral merchandise business. Later he 
moved to Portland and established a 
wholesale grocery business with stores 
in various cities in the Northwest, 
maintaining his residence in San Fran- 
cisco. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



83 



In the early seventies Aaron Cahn 
retired from active business and de- 
voted his time to his private interests 
and charitable endeavors. 

He was one of the early directors of 
Temple Emanu-EI and served as chair- 
man of the committee under whose su- 




Aaron Cahn 

pervision the present Sutter Street 
Temple was erected. 

Few men gave more personal ser- 
vice in the cause of charity than he. 
For over forty years he contributed 
generously time and money to the 
Eureka Benevolent Society, servmg on 
its directorate from 1872 to 1903, tr ;as- 
urer from 1872 to 1883, vice-pre.sidv-nt 
from 1891 to 1897 and honorary di- 
rector until his demise in 1903. 

Aaron Cahn's work in conneedon 
with charitable institutions was no 
perfunctory service. No .sacrifice of 
time or energy was too great ; no un- 
dertaking for the benefit of his fellow- 
men was too burdensome to be borne 
by him. He shirked no duty or re- 
sponsibility. 

He was born in Alsace, France, Feb- 
ruary, 1820, and was the son of Rabbi 
Meyer Cahn. 

Miss tLstelle Reiss, who died in 1870, 
became his wife. His eldest son, Maier 
A. Cahn, is the present much-esteemed 



and efficient sexton of Temple Emt.i.u- 
El. In 1880 Aaron Cahn remarried to 
Miss Babette Willard, of which mar- 
riage there are three children, Nathan 
and Leonide Cahn and Mrs. B. C. 
Brown. When he passed away August 
19, 1912, sincerely mourned by a large 
circle of relatives and friends, it was 
felt that the Jewish community of San 
Francisco had lost one of its best and 
staunchest supporters. 



FREDERICK LEVY CASTLE 

t4T7RED" CASTLE, as he was af- 
-T^ fectionately called by his as- 
sociates, was a true type of the cul- 
tured English Jewish gentleman. Born 
in London, England, in 1830, he moved 
to Montreal, Canada, when quite a 
voung man, and began his business 




Frederick Levy Castle 

career clerking for his uncles, the Ben- 
jamin Bros., who conducted a large 
dry goods concern in that city. Four 
years later the lure of the Golden West 
afifected young Castle. In 1849 he left 
for San Francisco on a sailing vessel 
bound for that port. Speculators had 
chartered the boat and insured her to 
sink, which looked probable, due to 
the bad condition of the ship, but ow- 
ing to the strenuous efforts of pas- 



84 



WESTERN JEWRY 



senders and crew, who labored con- 
stantly during the tedious trip, al- 
though delayed, she reached the port 
of San Francisco during January of 
1830. There was great disappointment 
among the immigrants who were 
aboard the vessel, for they had planned 
to be among the Forty-niners. With his 
two brothers, Michael and Goodman, the 
wholesale grocery firm of Castle Bros, 
was established with a capital of $6000, 
which represented the savings of die 
brothers. Up to the time of the San 
Francisco fire of 1854, their business 
had prospered to such an extent that 
their capital increased to $20,000. 
Without insurance, owing to the ex- 
orbitant rates demanded at that time, 
their entire stock was burned during 
the conflagration, and the only salvage 
consisted of approximately 200 cases 
of Swedish safety matches, which 
were stored in the cellar "in adobe 
soil." After the fire, matches were 
scarce, being valued at $100 per case. 
Thus was tile firm reimbursed for the 
total amount of their loss. In 189.^ 
the wholesale grocery business was dis- 
posed of and iiis sons, Walter M., Al- 
bert E. and Arthur H., entered into the 
business of packers and exporters of 
California dried fruits, nuts and raisins. 
The firm of Castle Bros, has been con- 
tinuously conducted under the same 
style up to the present time. 

Frederick Castle was a religious 
man. He was one of the founders of 
Temple Emanu-El and first president 
of Mount Zion Hospital. It was his 
idea to establish a non-sectarian hos- 
pital under Jewish auspices, and the 
first meeting was held at his home, 
northeast corner of Van Ness avenue 
and Sutter street, where the Scottish 
Rite Temple now stands. He served as 
vice-president of the San Francisco 
Chamber of Commerce for some time 
and was president of the Union Club 
(which is now merged into the Pacific- 
Union Club). He was also a member 



of Bohemian Club and vice-president 
of the Traffic Association of California. 
He was one of the best beloved men 
in San Francisco and highly esteemed 
by his competitors. 

In 1854 Mr. Castle married Miss 
Charlotte Levy of Bristol, England. 
He died in 1893. Of nine children, the 
following survive: Walter M., Albert 
E., Arthur H., Mrs. A. P. S. Macquis- 
ten, ]\Irs. Charles Farquharson (both 
the latter of Glasgow, Scotland), and 
Mrs. Thomas Cunningham of England. 



REV. DR. ELKAN COHN 

WHEREVER and whenever ref- 
erence is made to the beloved 
rabbi of Emanu-El, the name is men- 
tioned of a man who, in the spiritual 
struggles of the last half century, took 




Rev. Dr. Elkan Colin 

a prominent part ; who contributed a 
large share towards the upbuilding of 
liberal Judaism in the United States; 
who braved contempt, despised danger, 
risked rank and fortune, and the good 
opinion of his brethren, in the attempt 
to liberate Judaism from the deathly 
stupor in which it had fallen. Years 
before his death he knew that the cause 
so dear to his heart had succeeded. 
Dr. Elkan Cohn was born February 



WESTERN JEWRY 



85 



22, 1820. The town of Kosten, Posen, 
where his parents lived, had experi- 
enced little of the European upheaval 
of a few years before. The nascent 
Jewish reform party, which had been 
favored by the Napoleonic princes, de- 
spite the anathemas of the rabbis, 
spoke with but a timid voice. He was 
born amid orthodox surroundings. His 
father was a learned and intelligent 
man, who. on account of the early death 
of his wife, was compelled to send his 
son to Shempin, where his grand- 
parents lived. There he was raised 
in an atmosphere purely Talmudical. 
Traveling rabbis were the guests of 
his relatives, learned discussions were 
the topics at family meals. In these 
surroundings he imbibed that great de- 
sire for knowledge that clung to him 
through life. 

At the age of fourteen he commenced 
his studies in Breslau, later he was sent 
to Braunschweig, the cradle of poets 
and scholars, where he was exception- 
ally fortunate in the selection of his 
teachers. Amongst Dr. Cohn's papers 
there was a certificate in Dr. Herzfeld's 
handwriting, to the eiTect that the 
young student had been for three years 
a pupil of Rabbi Isaac Eger, a son of 
the great Rabbi Akiba Eger, and that 
after the death of the scholarly Tal- 
mudist the famous historian himself 
had instructed him. Elkan Cohn im- 
bibed his faculty for industrious and 
painstaking research from this great 
man. Meanwhile he attended the 
gymnasium, where he received a thor- 
ough, modern education. At the age 
of twenty Dr. Herzfeld sent him to 
Berlin, where he matriculated as a stu- 
dent of the Humaniora at the Uni- 
versity of Berlin and pursued his 
theological and rabbinical studies un- 
der the famous J. J. Ettinger. then 
chief rabbi of the Berlin community. 
His ten years residence in Berlin form, 
a tale of patient toil. In no haste to 
seek a professional position, he main- 
tained himself as a private tutor. He 



remained long enough in Berlin to wit- 
ness the exciting scenes of the revolu- 
tion of '48, and being a member of the 
students' corps, he became a soldier 
for the nonce. In Berlin also the 
romance of his life was enacted and 
when he left Berlin in 1850. having be- 
come rabbi of Brandenburg, he brought 
his young wife with him, and she ever 
remained the proudest and most cher- 
ished treasure of the gentle scholar. 
He remained in Brandenburg for four 
years, when in 1854 he received a call 
from the Jewish community of Albany. 
N. Y. He arrived there with his wife 
and child in the closing months of that 
year, was received with honors, and 
immediately went to work. 

In an endeavor to establish reform 
Judaism in America a convention of 
rabbis and delegates was called m 
Cleveland in 1855, and the new-comer 
was honored as befitted his station, and 
he was chosen vice-president and 
chairman of the committee on text and 
prayer books. 

In January, 1860, he was elected 
rabbi and minister of Congregation 
Emanu-El. San Francisco, assuming 
charge of his office the year following. 
For twenty-nine years Elkan Cohn 
was the leader of liberal Judaism on the 
Pacific Coast. His distinguished ser- 
vices to the Congregation Emanu-El 
constitute the largest part of its hi.s- 
tory for nearly five decades. He was a 
remarkable man. He was as fine a type 
of the German rabbi of a few genera- 
tions ago as could be found anywhere. 
Dr. Cohn was a preacher par excel- 
lence and his sermons, especially those 
he delivered in the German language, 
were considered by Jew and Gentile 
masterpieces of elegance and diction. 
When he died in 1889 the San Fran- 
cisco community, as well as other com- 
munities of the Pacific Coast, were in 
mourning, while the cause of liberal 
Judaism in America sustained the 
severest blow it had received in many 
vears. 



86 



WESTERN JEWRY 



LAZARUS DINKELSPIEL 

THE high standard of moraHty 
and personal rectitude by which 
the life of Lazarus Dinkelspiel was 
characterized furnished a wholesome 
and sustaining example to those that 




Lazarus Dinkelspiel 

followed him. Born in Baden, Ger- 
many, in 1824 he came to the United 
States at the age of nine. His school 
years were spent in New York and 
New Hampshire, where also his early 
business training was obtained. Ar- 
riving in California at the age of 
twenty-one, Dinkelspiel joined the 
throngs at the southern mines, where 
he gained success as a retail merchant. 
In 1853 he located permanently in San 
Francisco, establishing the wholesale 
dry goods house of L. Dinkelspiel & 
Co., which firm has since become one 
of the largest institutions of its kind 
in California. He retired from busi- 
ness in 1893. Lazarus Dinkelspiel took 
a deep and intelligent interest in the 
welfare of Judaism and the Jew. As 
vice-president of Temple Emanu-El he 
rendered that institution valuable ser- 
vice. He was an ardent advocate of 
progress, yet opposed to the destruc- 
tive character of many measures that 
would pass as liberal. He was a care- 



ful student of Judaism, an ardent and 
faithful reader of its literature, and a 
liberal supporter of its institutions. He 
believed in the integrity of Judaism, 
not as a mere officialism but as the fun- 
damental rule of conduct. He was one 
of the remaining types of the line old 
Ba'al Hab'bayith, with whom the re- 
sponsibility of conduct was a part of 
his faith, and who introduced religion 
m his home as the competent guide of 
his children. His library was stocked 
with the best contemporaneous litera- 
ture, and he often regretted that no 
more active measures were suggested 
for the revival of the spirit of learn- 
ing amongst the people. He was mar- 
ried to Miss Pauline Hess in May, 
1861. Eight children survive, Henry, 
Samuel, Joseph, Leon, Melville, Edgar, 
Theresa and Frieda. He was a member 
of the L O. B. B., L O. O. F. and all 
the Jewish charitable organizations His 
demise occurred in June, 1900. 



MOSES DINKELSPIEL 

MOSES DLNKELSPIEL was born 
October 1, 1826, in Gemmingen, 
Baden, Germany. He was a soldier 
in the King's Guards at Karlsruhe, 
but with the spirit of freedom per- 
vading him became a rebel in 1848, 
and was compelled to leave the coun- 
try, crossing the border into France, 
where he remained for a short time. 
It was at this time the idea of emigrat- 
ing to the LTnited States occurred to 
him, with the result that on the 4th 
day of July, 1848, he landed in New 
York. With the enthusiasm of cele- 
brating the freedom of man in the air, 
Moses Dinkelspiel felt that he had 
gravitated to the right place and re- 
solved to throw his heart and fortunes 
into the upbuilding of his adopted 
country. 

LIntil 1852 he engaged in business in 
and around New York City, when the 
California fever seized him, and he im- 
mediately set out for San Francisco 



WESTERN JEWRY 



87 



via the Isthmus. In partnership with 
Ferdinand Walter, Jacob Schweitzer 
and Bernard Schweitzer, all pioneers, 
he established a business in Campo 
Seco, Tuolumne county. He continued 
in this until 1856, when he married 
Miss Lena Manger and moved to Suisun 
City, to engage in the mercantile busi- 
ness, in which he continued until the 
time of his death, May 17, 1897. 

Moses Dinkelspiel was a public- 




Moses Dinkelspiel 

spirited man and was honored by his 
fellow citizens in many instances. He 
held the office of supervisor for sixteen 
years, acting as chairman of the board 
nearly all of that time. In politics he 
was a Republican and attended nearly 
every State convention from 1860 to 
1890. He was an Odd Fellow for over 
forty years, and served as master of 
Suisun Lodge No. 55, F. & A. M., in 
1867. 

In 1895 Governor Budd appointed 
Mr. Dinkelspiel trustee of the San Jose 
State Normal School. He was a mem- 
ber of the board at the time of his 
death. For twenty-five years he was 
vice-president and director of the Bank 
of Suisun, president of the Chamber of 
Commerce, and secretary and treasurer 
of the Stewart Fruit Company. He 



was also a charter member of the 
Temple Emanu-El. He was known for 
his works of charity and his sterling 
character. His word was his bond. 

The following children were born to 
this exemplary man and his estimable 
w^ife : Mrs. David Eisner of San Fran- 
cisco; Edward Dinkelspiel, Suisun; 
Meyer Dinkelspiel, Los Angeles ; Miss 
Carrie M. Dinkelspiel, San Francisco, 
and Henry G. W. Dinkelspiel of San 
Francisco. 



RABBI ABRAHAM WOLFF 
EDELMAN 

RABBI ABRAHAM WOLFF 
EDELMAN was born in the 
vicinity of \\'arsaw, Poland, in 1832. 
His father. David Edelman, was a pros- 
perous merchant. His education was 
received at the schools of Warsaw and 
at the rabbinical school of that city. 
In 1852 he married Miss Hannah Cohn, 
daughter of Rabbi Benjamin Cohn, and 




Rabbi Abraham Wolff Edelman 

immediately after this marriage he 
came to the United States, his trip 
by sailing vessel taking eleven weeks. 
Remaining but a short time in New 
York, he went to Patterson. N. J., but 
seeing no opening to his liking there, 
moved to Buffalo, N. Y., subsequently 



88 



^^^E STERN' JEWRY 



moving to San Francisco, where he was 
a private teacher of Hebrew. Rabbi 
Henry of Emanu-El congregation took 
a great interest in this young man, 
who was an industrious student under 
his tutelage. In 1862 he came to Los 
Angeles, where there was a large set- 
tlement of Jews, and organized the 
B'nai B'rith congregation, which was 
orthodox in all its forms and ritual. 
The Jewish community needed the in- 
flexible purpose of ambitious youth and 
the teachings of this scholarly man to 
develop its resources. The wave of 
reform which was sweeping the Jewry 
of the American Continent touched this 
man not at all. His Judaism was that 
of his fathers, and though in several 
very minor degrees, reform touched his 
congregation, it speaks volumes for 
this good man's character that after 
twenty-five years of faithful service at 
the helm of the congregation, he re- 
signed rather than surrender his ideals 
and beliefs. Many sermons could be 
preached and epics written upon this 
momentous sacrifice, this giving up of 
one's life work at an advanced age. 
Nothing can give one a clearer insight 
into Rabbi Edelman's soul. He re- 
tained his membership in the congre- 
gation, though the one which he at- 
tended was Beth Israel, whose services 
were conducted according to his be- 
liefs. 

After his retirement from the B'nai 
B'rith congregation, he devoted his 
whole time to charitable work. He 
was universally respected, and was a 
handsome, kind, affable and lovable 
man. His home life was ideal, the wife 
of his bosom the ideal Jewish wife, a 
great inspiration and loving helpmate. 
Their evenings would find them to- 
gether over a book, and her loss to him 
in 1896 was a heavy blow. His six 
children were carefully reared and 
splendidly educated. They are Mrs. 
Matilda Jacoby, Mrs. W. T. Barnett, 



B. W. Edelman, A. ^I. Edelman, H. W. 
Edelman, residing in Brooklyn, and 
Dr. D. \\'. Edelman. 

On Yom Kippur and other holidays, 
after his retirement from the congre- 
gation of B'nai B'rith, he would hold 
services in some public hall, accepting 
nothing, for himself, and devoting 
whatever proceeds followed to some 
worthy charity. He was known as one of 
the best Talmudic scholars in the West. 
He was a fine public speaker, his Eng- 
lish pure, almost without an accent. 
Though he never took an active interest 
in politics, he always represented the 
Jews at all public gatherings. The 
subjects for discussion which he 
selected were always on religious topics. 
He was a great student, and his fine 
library, well-selected and voluminous, 
was donated by him some time before 
his death to the Los Angeles Public 
Library, and it is now known as the 
A. W. Edelman Library. 

Rabbi Edelman took an active in- 
terest in fraternal matters. He was 
past president of Los Angeles Lodge, 
I. (). B. B. ; he was a past master of 
Lodge No. 42, F. & A. M., and upon 
retiring from the office of master of 
that lodge was presented with a silver 
service ; he also was a member of the 
I. O. O. F. and A. O. U. W. Amongst 
the old Spanish and Mexican residents 
he was known as "Padre," and many 
the kindnesses and much the goodness 
they received from this "gentle Jewish 
Padre." He spoke Spanish well, hav- 
ing mastered that language on his ar- 
rival in Los Angeles. He was ex- 
tremely charitable, and though not by 
any means a rich man, he proved his 
great philanthropy by his will (and up 
to the time of his death there had 
never been a will made by a Jew in 
the Southwest which gave so much to 
charity). His will carried out by his 
children, remembered liberally not only 
all the lewish charitable institutions. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



89 



but held bequests for the CathoHc and 
Protestant orphans' homes, and otlier 
non-Jewish institutions. 

Rabbi Edehnan died in 1907, enjoy- 
ing vigorous health almost to the last. 



MENDEL ESBERG 

MENDEL ESBERG was born 
March, 1834, at Hanover. Ger- 
many, where his parents, who were 
well-to-do people, had lived for many 
generations. When young Esberg was 
but a lad of thirteen his father met 
with reverses which compelled the boy 
to seek his fortune away from the 
parental homestead. He left for a 
distant village where he was appren- 
ticed in the cigar trade. Within 




Mendel Esberg 

five years the youth of eighteen be- 
came foreman of the factory in which 
he had been an apprentice, and gave 
indications of that fine business ca- 
pacity that afterward distinguished his 
career. About this time he decided 
that America presented a larger field 
for his budding energies. Accordingly, 
he gave up his position, went home to 
bid farewell to his aged parents, then 
took a ship and in 1852 arrived in New 
York City. In 1854 Mr. Esberg came 
to San Francisco, then boiling over 



with the Frazier River excitement. He 
went with the rest to seek his fortune, 
but eventually established himself in 
business in Marysville — later he re- 
turned to San Francisco and opened a 
cigar store on Kearny street. Gradually 
his business enlarged, and he began to 
manufacture, and soon took rank with 
the substantial firms of San Francisco. 
In 1868 he married Miss Matilda Hirsch- 
feld, the lady who brought his name 
amongst the poor and the sick, and caused 
benedictions to be showered on it. In 1870 
he entered into partnership with Simon 
Bachman and the new firm succeeded the 
house of A. S. Rosenbaum & Co. In 
1876 they were joined by Julius Ehr- 
man, which made the firm of Esberg, 
Bachman & Co. The firm branched 
out in every line of the tobacco indus- 
try, establishing houses in New York, 
Portland, Havana and in the manufac- 
turing centers of Pennsylvania. 

Mendel Esberg was a large-hearted, 
benevolent and highly intelligent man. 
He was one of the earliest Past Masters 
of Fidelity Lodge No. 120, F. & A. M. 
and for years was chairman of its 
board of trustees of the Widows' and 
Orphans' Fund. He was one of the 
founders of the new Masonic Temple 
Association, and the dissolution of that 
concern was the residt of Mr. Esberg's 
business sagacity, he foreseeing the dif- 
ficulties that stood in the way. He was 
a director of banks and loan associa- 
tions. His sagacity and quick sym- 
pathy made him an adviser whose 
counsel was eagerly sought, and 
promptly followed. Whatever office he 
held sought him. He was honored 
among his fellow-citizens as few 
are honored, because of the dis- 
tinguishing traits of his fine character, 
his keen mind and loyal heart. He was 
a man of fine education, well read, ver- 
satile and communicative, fond of his 
friends and ready to help every strug- 
gler who gave him a good reason for 
his action. His sympathies were 



90 



WESTERN JEWRY 



broad. Giving was a delight to him, 
and no one who knew him will forget 
the smile of Mr. Esberg's face when 
he believed he had done a good deed. 
It was the smile of content, coming 
from a heart that felt happiness in re- 
lieving the need of others. Therefore, 
the tears of regret at his departure 
were many and unfeigned. 

Mr. Esberg died after a short illness 
on February 14, 1896. He is survived 
by his widow and five children. Alfred 
L, Henry, Milton H., Edith and 
Justin W. 

PHILIP FABIAN 

A STORY told of -'Phil" Fabian's 
thrift as a boy is that when he 
came to California at the age of seven- 
teen and worked for his uncles. Levin- 
sky Brothers, in their store in Jackson, 
Amador county, the salary he received 
was $20 a month and board and lodg- 
ing. The first year he worked he sent 
home to his mother $120. It not only 
proved his thrift, but showed his devo- 
tion to his mother in the far-away 
home. 

Philip Fabian was born in Zempel- 
berg, Germany, February 17, 1843. 
The education he received was a 
meager one, and from the time he was 
ten years old he shifted for himself. 
His father was a teacher of Hebrew 
and through this source he received some 
coaching. 

After remaining in Jackson for sev- 
eral years he opened a store for a firm 
at Woodbridge, and remained there un- 
til 1869, when, as a partner of Louis 
Levinsky, he opened a store at Ellis, 
Gal., under the name of P. Fabian & 
Co., he being the junior member and 
resident partner. When the town of 
Tracy was established in 1877 he 
moved to that place. His business 
grew and prospered and when ]\Ir. 
Levinsky died the firm name was 
changed to Fabian-Grunauer Company 
and Philip Fabian became the president 



of the new concern, following in the 
footsteps of the old firm and doing a 
general merchandise business and 
maintaining^ hay and grain warehouses. 

Although never seeking office, Mr. 
Fabian was an ardent Republican and 
always interested in local politics. He 
was treasurer of the Hebrew Home for 
the Aged and Disabled for twenty 
years, and treasurer of the Temple 
Beth Israel for the same length of 
time. 

He was married to Miss Annie 
Schwartz in 1889. When his death oc- 
curred, January 16, 1909, he was 
mourned by many friends, for he was 
beloved by all who knew him. Chil- 
dren who survive him are : Lawrence, 
Bessie, Neil and Dorothy. 



BENEDICT FEIGENBAUM 

THE founder of the well-known 
California Feigenbaum family was 
born in 1834, in Binswangen, Bavaria, 
Germany. After an ample education in 
the public schools of his native city and 




Benedict Feigenbaum 

afterwards in the high school of Augs- 
berg, Benedict Feigenbaum came to the 
United States, landing in New York 
in 1853. He became a bookkeeper for 
a wholesale shoe firm and afterwards 



WESTERN JEWRY 



91 



was employed in the wholesale cloth- 
ing business of D. H. Goodman & Co. 
In 1855 young Feigenbaum came to 
San Francisco. A few days later he se- 
cured employment with Frank Wolzer, 
a merchant of Eureka, Cal., and one 
year later, when only twenty-three 
years of age, he formed a partnership 
with Henry Rohner in a town called 
Eel River, near Rohnerville. He also 
operated stores in Fortuna and Eureka, 
Cal., and three other stores in that 
county until 1865. 

The first wedding held in Temple 
Emanu-El on Sutter street was when, 
in 1866, Mr. Feigenbaum married Han- 
nah Lowenthal of Frankfort a/m Main, 
Rev. Dr. Elkan Cohn officiating. In 
1869 he moved to San Francisco and 
formed a co-partnership with his brother, 
Joseph Feigenbaum, and Louis Schwartz- 
child. This firm is now conducted 
by his two sons, Lionel B. Feig- 
enbaum, who married Gertrude 
Napthaly, daughter of the late Joseph 
Napthaly, and Julius Feigenbaum, who 
married Rose Stettheimer of New 
York City. The firm, known as the 
California Notion & Toy Company, is 
one of the largest institutions of its 
kind in the West. Mr. Feigenbaum 
was a very charitable man and a valued 
member of Temple Emanu-El of San 
Francisco. He was a Mason in high 
standing and at one time served as 
treasurer of the Republican party in 
California. Benedict Feigenbaum died 
January 15, 1896, in his sixty-second 
year. __^_ 



AARON FLEISHHACKER 

DURING his residence among the 
various characters in the mining 
camps of Nevada, Aaron Fleishhacker, 
father of the Fleishhacker boys, the 
well-known San Francisco bankers, 
was known as "Honest Fleishhacker." 
The name was well earned and was 
given him through his reputation of 



always keeping his word. He was 
closely associated with the leading 
characters that developed fortunes and 
reputations in the Comstock district 
and retained in after years many of 
his old friendships. 

Aaron Fleishhacker was born in 
Bavaria, Germany, February 4, 1820, 
and received his elementary education 
in that country. At the age of twenty- 
five he moved to the United States and 
settled in New Orleans, where he en- 
gaged in the general merchandise busi- 
ness. A few years later he moved to 
New York, and subsequently joined 
the rush westward, locating in San 
Francisco in 1853. He engaged in gen- 
eral merchandising in Sacramento, 
Grass Valley, Virginia City and Car- 
son City. Later returning to San 
Francisco, he established a manufac- 
turing plant for the making of paper 
boxes and the conduct of a general 
wholesale paper business. The enter- 
prise grew to large proportions. Mr. 
Fleishhacker continued an active mem- 
ber of his firm up to the time of his 
death. He was a very charitable man, 
simple in his habits, and devoted to his 
family. He was one of that galaxy of 
good and pious men that founded 
Temple Emanu-El of San Francisco, 
and nearly every Jewish organization 
devoted to philanthropy found in him an 
active and liberal supporter. Mr. Fleish- 
hacker married Miss Deliah Stern of 
Albany, N. Y., August 9, 1857. He died 
February 19, 1898. Of eight children, 
six survive, namely, Mrs. Ludwig 
Schwabacher, Mrs. S. D. Rosenbaum, 
Mortimer Fleishhacker, Herbert Fleish- 
hacker, Mrs. S. C. Scheeline and Mrs. 
Frank Wolf of New York. Mrs. 
Fleishhacker, despite her advanced 
aee, retains the keenness of mind for 
which she is noted, and is known as an 
extremelv charitable woman. 



92 



WESTERN JEWRY 



ADOLPH GARTENLAUB 

ADOLPH GARTENLAUB was 
a remarkable man, and the his- 
tory of his life reads like a romance. 
He was an Austrian by birth, having 
first seen the light of day in Kolomea 
on February 15, 1854. 

When he was just a lad of thirteen 
he evinced great organizing ability by 
persuading 200 men and women to go 
with him into Roumania on a harvest- 
ing expedition, he being employed by 
the harvester. This was a remarkable 
accomplishment in one so young. 




Adolph Gartenlaub 

From that time on his life was spent 
traveling in many lands. At the age 
of seventeen he went to Constanti- 
nople, Turkey, and engaged in the 
merchandise business. In 1876 he 
made the long voyage to Philadelphia, 
where he also followed mercantile pur- 
suits. He remained in that city 
throughout the Centennial. His next 
venture took him to Australia, where 
he conducted a mercantile business, 
locating in Sydney for several years. 
He had business interests in South 
America, which took him to that coun- 
trv. In 1882 he came to P.oston and 



settled there for a number of years, 
and it was in Boston he wooed and 
won for his bride Miss Alice Gertrude 
Belcher, a daughter of an old New 
England family. 

Retiring from business in 1886, he 
went to San Antonio, Texas, and in- 
vested his money in cattle. Getting 
restless for something to do after 
thirteen months' residence there, he 
came to California and purchased a 
ranch in Fresno. He knew nothing of 
ranching, but he made a huge success 
of ranch, orchard and vineyard. 

In 1895 he organized the Phoenix 
Packing Company in Fresno and be- 
came its president. He was also presi- 
dent for many years of the Pacific 
Coast Seeded Raisin Company, and in 
1904 he formed the United States Con- 
solidated Seeded Raisin Company, of 
which he was president. In 1900 he 
moved to San Francisco and estab- 
lished his residence, as he had numer- 
ous interests there. He will be best 
remembered as one of the big fruit 
packers of the State. He was recog- 
nized as a leader, and was often re- 
ferred to as the "Dean of Raisin Row." 

Adolph Gartenlaub was regarded by 
his associates as a business man of won- 
derful ability. His judgment was ex- 
cellent, his integrity of the highest, 
and he was just and honest in all of 
his dealings. ( )ne proof of his pop- 
ularity was that he was loved by his 
competitors. His benevolences were 
in keeping with his fortune, and he 
took interest in his retiring way in all 
Jewish matters. Adolph Gartenlaub 
was a master of seven languages. He 
died June 1, 1914. 



LEWIS GERSTLE 

IN the galaxy of men who have made 
the foundations of the San Francisco 
community strong and enduring, the 
name of Lewis Gerstle occupies a fore- 
most place. He was content, however, to 



WESTERN JEWRY 



93 



remain in the background of all strong 
and decisive movements. Yet were 
the history of such movements traced 
carefully it would be discovered that 
the initiative belonged to Lewis 
Gerstle, whose fine mind, solid reason- 
ing and strong sympathies gave the 
first impulse. 

A fine story in illustration is the fol- 
lowing: Many years ago the Emanu- 
El Sisterhood, being in need of funds, 
a meeting was called to devise ways 
and means to replenish its empty 
treasury. Various methods were sug- 
gested but none seemed feasible. 
I^ewis Gerstle was present. After all 




Lewis Gerstle 

the arguments were exhausted ht 
quietly asked how much money was 
needed to put the sisterhood on its 
feet. When told that $2500 would do, 
he said : "Then leave the matter to 
me." A day or two afterwards he sent 
his check for the amount. The vice- 
president of the Alaska Commercial 
Company had found time from his 
weighty affairs to visit his friends on 
behalf of the struggling sisterhood. 
And Lewis Gerstle, without any man- 
ner of ostentation, did that kind of 
business all his life. 



Lewis Gerstle was born December 
17, 1824, at Ichenhausen, Bavaria. At 
the age of twenty-one he came to the 
L'nited States and settled in Louisville, 
Ky., where a branch of his family is 
still flourishing. Five years later he 
came to California, locating in Sacra- 
mento, thence in 1860 he removed to 
San Francisco. Mr. Gerstle was one 
of the founders of the Alaska Commer- 
cial Company, and its vice-president. 
He was one of the movers in that great 
concern, which derived much strength 
from his methodical habits and strong 
business sense. 

\Miile the education he received in 
Germany was much as that of other 
young boys, yet when he came to this 
country he mastered the English lan- 
guage in a thorough way, and the let- 
ters he wrote were perfect in composi- 
tion and rhetoric. 

His first business in America was in 
the employ of his brother in Louisville. 
In 1850, when on his way to California 
via the Isthmus of Panama, he con- 
tracted what was then known as Pan- 
ama fever. His money was scarce and 
he was compelled to work as a cabin 
boy to pay for his passage to San Fran- 
cisco. It was some time before the 
effects of the fever left him. In the 
meanwhile he opened a fruit stand. 
This w^as a temporary occupation, how- 
ever, for when he was able he w'ent to 
the mines and worked. Later he was 
in Sacramento and conducted a grocery 
business in partnership with Louis and 
Simon Greenewald. Floods interfered 
with their business several times and 
they were greatly inconvenienced by 
them. In 1860 he moved to San Fran- 
cisco, and went into the stock broker- 
age business with Louis Sloss. Along 
about 1868 they obtained the Alaska 
lease, which developed rapidly into a 
very large business, with stores at vari- 
ous points, under the name of the 
Alaska Commercial Company. The 
history of this immense concern is well 



94 



WESTERN JEWRY 



known along the Pacific Coast. Air. 
Gerstle was identified with many other 
business activities and was a director 
of the Union Trust Company. 

Lewis Gerstle was married in 1858 
to Miss Hannah Greenebaum of Phila- 
delphia, and to them the following 
children were born : Sophia Lilienthal, 
Clara, Bertha, ]\Iark L., William. Alice 
and Belle. His estimable wife is the 
sister of Airs. Louis Sloss, the two 
worthy daughters of the fine Greene- 
baum family, which is' represented in 
Jewish history by so elevated a char- 
acter as Dr. Elias Greenebaum, one 
of the figures in the reform movement. 

One of the fine traits of Lewis 
Gerstle was his charity. He made all 
of his less-fortunate relatives in Ger- 
many comfortable for life, and out of 
his abundance he gave freely to others 
who needed help, too. He was active 
in the affairs of the Orphans' and Old 
People's Home. He was one of the 
earliest members of Temple Emanu-El. 
He was also a member of the Vigilance 
Committee. 

Lewis Gerstle was a family man — a 
kind, indulgent father and a devoted 
husband. He was never so happy as 
when surrounded by his children and 
grandchildren at his beautiful country 
home in San Rafael. A great sadness 
was felt by the entire community when 
this gentle, lovable man passed away on 
the 19th of November, 1902, in San 

Francisco. 

ISAAC GOLDSMITH 
tt/^F the Orthodox Faith"— this 
v^ phrase at once gives one a 
mental picture of the man, Isaac Gold- 
smith. "Sound in the Faith," and where 
could one have found a man more sound 
in the Hebrew faith than he? His heart 
was full of love and charity for those 
less fortunate than himself, and he was 
ever doing deeds of kindness to those 
around him. 

As one of the founders of Sherith 



Israel congregation, he stood for all 
that was best in Israel. He was a 
pious son of the covenant and a splen- 
did example for all to follow. 

Isaac Goldsmith was a close friend 
of Rabbi Eckman and Rev. Dr. Elkan 
Cohn. 




Isaac Goldsmith 

Before Mr. Goldsmith came to Cali- 
fornia he lived in Victoria, B. C. He 
was born in Poland in 1816 and set- 
tled in the New World in 1850. His 
marriage took place in his native land 
and of his six children born to them 
five survive, namely, Mrs. Mary Prag, 
Mrs. Esther G. Henderson, Miss Rose 
Goldsmith, Miss Ida Goldsmith and 
Miss Bertha Goldsmith. Mr. Gold- 
smith's death occurred May 12, 1885. 



EMANUEL LEWIS GOLDSTEIN 

EMANUEL LEWIS GOLDSTEIN 
was born in Himme, Germany, 
December 22, 1821. At the age oi 
thirteen he came to New York, and 
until he left the East for California 
he was engaged in merchandising. In 
1849 he crossed the plains, enduring 
many hardships while en route. He 
established the wholesale grocery firm 
of B. Dreyfus & Co., and was very 



WESTERN JEWRY 



95 



successful in this as well as in other 
interests he acquired. 

Although Mr. Goldstein did not have 
many educational advantages when he 
was young, he gave his children all 
possible opportunities. In 1854 he 
went to New York and there he mar- 
ried ]\Iiss Virginia Waterman. Eight 
children were born to them, and only 
two survive, Mrs. I. S. Ackerman and 
Sanford L. Goldstein. 

]\Irs. Goldstein died at the age of 
eighty-six on the 21st of April, 1915. 
She was a pious woman and interested 
deeply in charitable aflfairs. It was 




he began to build up a fortune in the 
new country. In company with a friend 
he traveled about for a while finally open- 
ing in conjunction witli others a small 
store in the old Quintana Corner. Busi- 
ness was brisk and money plentiful and 



Emanuel Lewis Goldstein 

said of her that she never neglected at- 
tending worship at Temple Emanu-El. 
Mr. Goldstein was a member of the 
Masonic order, a member of the 
Eureka Benevolent Society, and was 
one of the organizers of Temple 
Emanu-El. He was pious, charitable, 
kindly and gentle, and a great lover of 
animals. He passed away on August 

4, 1892. 

NATHAN GOLDTREE 

BORX February 22, 1838, Nathan 
Goldtree moved to San Francisco 
in 1856 and the following year located 
in San Luis Obispo, where with intel- 
ligence and ambition as his sole capital 




Nathan Goldtree 

the firm thrived. Eight years later the 
firm dissolved, and his brothers, Isaac, 
]\Iarcus and ^Morris, joined him in busi- 
ness. They moved from the original 
modest store into the brick block built 
by themselves on the most prominent 
corner in San Luis Obispo, where they 
continued in business until 1898, when 
they finally disposed of their mercantile 
interests. As a man of afifairs Nathan 
Goldtree was a conspicuous figure and 
prominently identified with the early 
history of the county. He was first vice- 
president of the Narrow Gauge Railroad, 
which later became the Pacific Coast 
Railway. He was also an officer in the 
Pacific Coast Steamship Company and 
was one of the founders of the old bank- 
ing house of Jack Goldtree & Co. in San 
Luis Obispo. He established the firm of 
Goldtree, Liebes & Co. in Salvador, 
where he took his brothers into the busi- 
ness. His interest in the Jewish com- 
munal activities of San Francisco kept 
apace with his growing fortune. He ren- 



96 



WESTERN JEWRY 



dered fine service to the Congregation 
Sherith Israel, acting as its trustee for 
many years. His great experience, 
sound judgment and kind heart were a 
great benefit to his associates on the di- 
rectorate of the Old People's Home on 
Lombard street. Nathan Goldtree was 
interested in many charities. He was a 
member of King David Lodge, No. 209, 
F. & A. M., in San Luis Obispo, as well 
as a member of Bay City Parlor, L O. 
O. F. Mr. Goldtree was married March 
5, 1878, to Miss Augusta Kaminski. He 
passed away May 13, 1902, at his home 
in San Francisco, beloved and respected 
by all who knew him. He is survived 
by his children, ]\Irs. L. A. Blochman 
of San Diego, Morris N. Goldtree. Sid- 
ney A. Goldtree and Mrs. Henry Levy. 



JOSEPH GOTTLOB 

WHILE Joseph Gottlob was loved 
and admired by everybody those 
who suffered most by his demise on 
May 19, 1911, were his associates in 




Joseph Gottlob 

the theatrical business. The geniality 
of his make-up pervaded the very at- 
mosphere of the Columbia theatre. 
Patrons no less than the members of 
the various companies that periodically 
produced plays at this popular play- 



house felt that the very presence of 
"Joe" insured the success of a per- 
formance. His charm of manner and 
courtly dignity marked him as a gen- 
tleman in the fullest sense of the word. 
Joseph Gottlob, son of Julius and 
Hannah (Cohen) Gottlob, was born in 
Boston. Mass., July 26, 1870, and came 
to California at the age of sixteen. 
Like his brother, Jacob J., he de- 
veloped a liking for the theatrical busi- 
ness and up to the time of his death 
was associated with him and others in 
the Columbia and Van Ness theatres 
and other similar enterprises. Joe 
Gottlob never married. He was a wel- 
come visitor in the homes of thou- 
sands of people who loved and ad- 
mired him. He was a meinber of the 
Masonic fraternity and gave freely and 
liberally to charities of every descrip- 
tion. 

JACOB GREENEBAUM 

HE was a fine type of the cultured 
Jewish gentleman, and was one 
of the noble pioneers who have made 
history in California. To know Jacob 
Greenebaum was to love and admire 
him. Representing as he did a gen- 
eration of Jewish thought and activity, 
his life was characterized by liberality 
in thought, generosity in action, Jew- 
ishness in loyalty and hope. 

He was born in Rheinfals, Bavaria, 
May 27. 1831, and came to the L^nited 
States when quite a young man. From 
the day of his arrival in California in 
1851, until the day of his death, Sep- 
tember 9, 1914, Jacob Greenebaum 
never allowed a day to pass without 
some intelligent efifort in furtherance 
of the cause of Judaism and all it 
stands for. 

His work as a director of Temple 
Emanu-El, from 1863 to 1905, and for 
some years as its president ; his labors 
in behalf of District No. 4, I. O. B. 
B., whose first grand president he was: 
his intelligent services as treasurer of 
the Eureka Benevolent Society; his 



WESTERN JEWRY 



97 



fine record as director of the Pacific 
Hebrew Orphan and Home Society 
and the Jewish Educational Society ; 
his numerous benefactions ; his wise 
and sympathetic council to thousands 
of people who have come under his 
benign influence, and his splendid citi- 
zenship, has placed the Jewish com- 
munities of San Francisco and other 
cities under lasting obligations to him. 
Moved by a deep sense of religious- 
ness, he ever tried in his kind and 




Jacob Greenebauni 

modest way to be of service to his 
fellow Jew. When some eight years 
before his death, Mr. Greenebaum and 
his dear wife, surrounded by their 
children and grandchildren, celebrated 
their golden wedding anniversary, the 
late Dr. Jacob Voorsanger dubbed him 
Father Jacob, and then wrote of him : 
"Jacob Greenebaum, at seventy-six, is 
still insatiable in his desire to serve 
his fellow-men, wherefor we pray that 
God may give our dear friend and his 
wife long life, the increase of peace, 
the multiplicity of love and dear af- 
fection, and a golden evening made 
beautiful ■by the tender veneration of 
their children and grandchildren, and 
a host of admiring friends and rela- 
tives, who are all rejoicing with them 



upon the consummation of this golden 
feast." 

Jacob Greenebaum married in 1856 
in Philadelphia to Miss Elizabeth 
]\Iayer of Savannah, Ga. Four daugh- 
ters survive them — Mrs. Carrie Dinkel- 
spiel, Mrs. Lillie Hatch, Mrs. J. L. 
Hirshberg and Mrs. A. L. Weil. 



HENRY GREENBERG 

HUTTENBACH, Bavaria, was 
the birthplace of Henry Green- 
berg, and the event of his birth took 
place February 26, 1819. His early 
schooling was received in his native 
town. As a young lad he came alone 
to the United States. From New York, 
where he remained but a short time, 
he traveled through the Southern 
States merchandising. 

The trend of travel being to the 
West at that time (1854), he followed 
the rest and made the long journey to 




Henry Greenberg 

California via the Isthmus. Hang- 
town — Placerville, as it is now named, 
was his first place of residence. The 
"Round Tent Store," which building 
still is in existence, housed his mer- 
cantile business. Later, in partnership 
with Jonas Adler, he engaged in the 



98 



WESTERN JEWRY 



wholesale clothing business, in San 
Francisco, and when he retired from 
the firm he undertook the buying and 
selling of real estate. 

The banking firm of Greenberg, 
Erlenbach & Goldsmith, with their 
bank and assay office on Sacramento 
and Leidesdorff streets, and a branch 
bank in Yreka, were other of Mr. 
Greenberg's business ventures. He was 
one of the original directors of the Pio- 
neer and Mission Woolen Mills. 

On the 24th of February, 1850, 
Henry Greenberg married Miss Marie 
Bergtheil of New York. Unto them 
were born five children, the only one 




congregation and for some time was 
a trustee. He resigned from this con- 
gregation later and joined the Ohabai 
Shalome congregation, of which he 
was the first treasurer. The vice- 
presidency and then the presidency of 
that congregation were bestowed on 
him. His son, Samuel, was the last 
one barmizvah at the Broadway Temple 
and the first one barmizvah at the Mason 
Street Temple. 

IMr. Greenberg was a charitable man, 
ever ready to give of his substance. 
At one time, desiring to celebrate an 
anniversary, he and his estimable wife 
eave a dinner to which thev invited 
all the orphans of the Hebrew Orphan 
Asylum. They were the first family to 
institute this pleasant form of generosity. 

Mr. Greenberg was a director of the 
Eureka Benevolent Society and con- 
nected with the Hebrew Orphan 
Asylum and Home Society. He was 
generous to a degree and an idealist. 
Among his fellow men he was hon- 
ored because of his fine character, his 
keen mind, and was beloved for his 
boyish heart. 

In all the virtues — charitableness, 
kindness and fairness — he was a Jew. 
The tears of regret shed at his de- 
parture were many and unfeigned. 



Mrs. Henry Greenberg 

deceased being Samuel Greenberg. The 
remaining are Abraham Greenberg, 
Max Greenberg, Mrs. William Kaiser 
and Mrs. Emma Hilp. 

Henry Greenberg departed from this 
life March 7. 1883, in San Francisco, 
and his wife survived him until No- 
vember 21, 1894. 

Mrs. Greenberg was a brilliant 
woman with a fine intellect. She was 
known for her charities and her kind, 
loving heart. In Israel she was a shin- 
ing light. 

Henry Greenberg early affiliated 
himself with the Temple Emanu-El 



SIMON GREENEWALD 

RHEINPFALZ, Germany, was 
the birthplace of Simon Greene- 
wakl, and the event of his birth took 
place in 1827. His education was re- 
ceived in Germany, prior to his emi- 
gration to America. Brownsville, 
Tenn., was his home for a short time, 
and in 1850, he, together with Dr. 
Ziele, came to California, taking the 
voyage around the Horn, settling in 
Sacramento. 

His career in the business world be- 
gan when he entered into partnership 
with Louis Sloss and M. Wasserman 
under the firm name of M. Wasserman 
& Co. In 1860 the business of the firm 



WESTERN JEWRY 



99 



was transferred to San Francisco, and 
upon the death of Mr. Wasserman the 
name was changed to Louis Sloss & 
Co., and in 1865 the Alaska Commer- 
cial Company was founded. This en- 
terprise soon developed to vast pro- 
portions. Because of his activity, 
his keen sense of values and his 
integrity he prospered, and soon be- 
came one of the great financiers 
of the \\'est, which he helped to 
build up. In all his deaHngs he stood 
out for the principle of live and let 
live, and as he was blessed with ma- 
terial success he gave freely to all who 
were less fortunate and who had less 
of this world's goods than he. 



Mr. Greenewald was a member of 
Temple Emanu-El and of the Califor- 
nia Pioneer Society. His deeply-re- 
gretted demise occurred in 1880. 




Simon Greenewald 

When Mr. Greenewald was married in 
1855 to Miss Louisa Levi in Cleveland, 
Ohio, she assisted him whole-heartedly 
in the work of helping others. As mem- 
bers of the Jewish Charitable Societv 
they gave a helping hand wherever 
needed and all in a quiet, modest wav. 
Only the death of this good man re- 
vealed a part of his munificence. 

Four children were born to them — 
]\Irs. A. Heilbroner, Mrs. Leon Sloss, 
Mrs. Louis Greenbaum, and O. H. 
Greenewald. 



ABRAHAM GUNST 

ABRAHA^l GL'XST came to Cali- 
fornia in 1853, but two years 
later left this State to establish a 
dry goods business in Atlanta, Ga., 
which in time became one of the 
largest of its kind in the South. 
He was in the midst of the Civil War 
excitement and shared with his fellow- 
citizens of Atlanta all the responsibili- 
ties and deprivations attending the 
bombardment of that city. 

After the war Gunst went to Xew 
York, but in 1867 he returned to San 
Francisco. At the time of his death, 
in 1896, he was eighty-four years of 
age. He was born in Hildesheim, Ger- 
many, in 1812. From 1867 to 1876 
Abraham Gunst conducted a merchan- 
dise establishment on the site on which 
the Phelan building now stands. Mr. 
Gunst was one of the first members of 
Temple Emanu-El of New York and 
was known for his piety and charitable 
disposition. Mr. Gunst had three sons, 
Moses A., Lee and Silas, and one 
dauehter, ]Mrs. Emanuel Katz. The 
last three named reside in New York. 



WILLIAM HAAS 

IN the death of William Haas there 
has been created a void in the ranks 
of merchant princes and philanthropists 
in San Francisco not easily to be filled. 
He came from that clean, healthy, rugged 
stock of German Jewry that has pro- 
duced so many great and good men in 
the life of the American Commonwealth. 

William Haas was born in 1849 in 
Reckendorf, Bavaria. Germany. His 
education, which was a thorough one, 
was received in Bamberg. 

At the age of thirteen he emigrated 
to the Lnited States, settling in ]Mis- 



100 



WESTERN JEWRY 



souri. A year or so later he moved to 
San Francisco, soon organizing a whole- 
sale grocery business under the firm 
name of Loup & Haas. Later the firm 
name was changed to that of Haas 
Brothers, his brother Kalman joining 
him in the enterprise. 

The firm of Haas Brothers, with which 
William Haas was closely connected un- 
til the time of his death, is probably one 
of the largest institutions of its kind in 
the United States. 




He served as treasurer for the great 
German Relief Bazaar held in San Fran- 
cisco in 1916. The kindness of his heart 
manifested itself on many occasions 
while serving as a director for the Soci- 
ety for the Prevention of Cruelty to Chil- 
dren. His charities were manifold and 
he was one of the largest contributors 
to the Federation of Jewish Charities 
and other philanthropies. 

Like most big men, William Haas was 
kind, generous and unassuming, a man 
in whom every one had the greatest con- 
fidence and who was universally re- 
spected. 

In 1879 he married Bertha Greene- 
baum, who survives him, as well as 
the following children : Mrs. Edward 
Brandenstein, Mrs. Samuel Lilienthal 
and Charles W. Haas. William Haas 
died Mav 31, 1916. 



William Haas 

William Haas was not only a great 
merchant, but he had a thorough under- 
standing of other men's capabilities, as 
evidenced by the large number of splen- 
did and well-trained men with whom 
he surrounded himself in his various en- 
terprises. He was a director in the 
Wells-Fargo Nevada National Bank, 
United States Fidelity & Trust Com- 
pany of Baltimore, a member of the 
board of arbitration of the San Fran- 
cisco Chamber of Commerce, and held 
other positions of honor and responsi- 
bility. 

He was a valued and much beloved 
member of Congregation Emanu-El and 
for some time president and director of 
Mount Zion Hospital. 



SALOMON HAAS 

THE subject of this sketch occupied 
a prominent position among the 
sturdy young men of German-Jewish 
stock who helped to make history in 
the West. 

Born in Bavaria March 12, 1817, Salo- 
n!on Haas after reaching manhood de- 
termined that his environments placed a 
limitation on his growing energies. 
Hence the year 1844 finds him in the 
United States a young man of twenty- 
seven with naught else but a good edu- 
cation, a healthy body and mind and a 
will to succeed. Young Haas first mer- 
chandised through Illinois and after- 
wards established stores in Alabama and 
^Mississippi. The California gold excite- 
ment penetrated the Southern States, in 
consequence of which he pulled up stakes 
arriving in this State in the spring of 
1850, locating as a merchant in Sonora. 
Afterwards Haas moved to Stockton, 
but in 1853 he became a citizen of San 
Francisco and remained here until he 
died. Like so many Bavarian Jews Salo- 
mon Haas was a merchant par excel- 
lence. He established a store in the 



WESTERN TEWRY 



101 



then rich mining camp of Virginia City, 
a commission business in Yokohama and 
enjoyed the distinction together with his 
brother-in-law, JuHus Rosenfeld, of 
having conducted the first brewery in 
Japan. On November 11, 1857. he mar- 
ried Miss Julia Rosenfeld, daughter of 
Feisel and Libesch Rosenfeld. Three 




Salomon Haas 

children were born to them, Louis S. 
Haas, Fred R. Haas and Mrs. Nellie Sal- 
berg. Salomon Haas was a Jew to the 
core. He was a charter member of the 
Eureka Benevolent Society and its first 
treasurer. His affiliation with Temple 
Emanu-El was much valued and for sev- 
eral years he acted as its treasurer. He 
was a kind and generous man and his 
charities were only limited to his ca- 
pacity to satisfy the desire for good 
deeds. Salomon Haas died March 11, 
1895, survived by his widow and chil- 
dren. He was beloved and respected 
because his life was clean, honorable and 

useful. 

JOSEPH HABER 

BORN August 23, 1842 in Bavaria, 
equipped with only a very limited 
education, Joseph Haber left home at 
the age of fourteen for New York. 
Being very industrious, he worked hard 



learning the jewelry trade and study- 
ing in his spare moments. His next 
move was to Montreal, Canada. In 
1860 he came to San Francisco. Hear- 
ing of a gold rush to the Caribou mines 
in the Canadian Northwest, this young 
man proceeded to investigate the pros- 
pects at that place, but after spending 
some time there he found that the 
boom had been grossly exaggerated 
and returned to San Francisco with 
only 50 cents in cash, but with his 
hopes and ambitions of the highest 
character, and a determination to 
carve out his destiny and make his 
mark. In '63 he went again to Montreal. 
He was in Ohio during the Civil War. 
In 1865 he returned to San Francisco 
and though he had friends here, he 
was of too proud a nature to have any 
one assist him, so he got employment 
in the jeweler's business. With S. B. 
Dinkelspiel he organized the firm of 




Joseph Haber 

S. B. Dinkelspiel & Co., wholesale jew- 
elers, which continued until he retired 
in 1893. 

He was married July 5, 1876, to Miss 
Fanny Solomon, daughter of Israel 
Solomon ( who arrived in San Fran- 
cisco in 1849 and who was president 



102 



WESTERN JEWRY 



and one of the founders of Sherith 
Israel congregation). Five children 
are the fruits of this marriage — Dr. 
William J. Haber, J. Haber, Jr., Samuel 
B. Haber, Walter B. Haber and Harold 
Haber. 

Although retired since 1893, Mr. 
Haber kept himself occupied by look- 
ing after his various real estate and 
other interests. 

In all the domestic virtues, chari- 
tableness and goodness of heart, he was 
a Jew. He was very fond of music, 
a natural musician ; and though his 
school education was limited, he was 
an ardent student. A keen business 
man, endowed with high ideals of 
citizenship, great integrity and the am- 
bition to make life expressive of the 
virtues that should adorn the Jew, 
placed him in a high station of life. 
These were the endowments of Joseph 
Haber, who died in San Francisco 
November 20, 1910. 



ASHER HAMBURGER 

ASHER HAMBURGER was born 
in the small village of Altschoen- 
back, near Wurzburg, Bavaria, in 1821. 
After having received the rudiments of 
his education in the village school, he 
became a ropemaker's apprentice. As 
he grew up his sense of justice and his 
love of freedom became so strong that 
at the age of eighteen he resolved to 
break the fetters that held him to the 
land of his birth and accordingly he 
and his brother, who was a weaver, 
started for the nearest seaport with 
only a few coppers in their pockets. 
They were bound for the United States. 
In 1839, he, with his brother, arrived 
in the United States and set out to find 
employment. Asher immediately ob- 
tained work in a tassel factory in New 
York. After he had saved sufficient 
money he started a small general store 
in Pennsylvania. It was through his 
fair way of dealing that he gained the 
sobriquet of "the honest retailer." 



It was in 1843 that he was joined 
by his other brother and the three of 
them went to Alabama and launched out 
in a larger way. They built up a splen- 
did business and soon owned three 
stores on the Tombigbee river. 

When the news of the great gold dis- 
covery in California reached the South, 
Asher Hamburger was fired with en- 
thusiasm and wished to start at once. 
His brothers, however, demurred, but 
Asher's indomitable will won the day, 
and in 1850 they started for the Golden 
West via the Isthmus to seek their for- 
tune. 

Sacramento was their destination. 




Asher Hamburger 

but it did not prove to be the ideal spot 
for them, and in 1851 they moved to 
San Francisco and there started a 
wholesale house under the name of 
Hamburger Brothers. Asher Hamburger 
was left in charge of the business in 
Sacramento, but fire and flood played 
havoc several times and destroyed the 
labor of years. His undaunted will 
stood him in good stead in these dis- 
couraging times, and in due course he 
was again on the road to the top. 

In 1881 his two sons, S. A. and M. 
A. Hamburger, who were then in busi- 
ness with liim in Sacramento, con- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



103 



eluded they wanted larger fields for 
Sfrowth, so thev induced their father 
to go to Los Angeles. In November, 
1881, the splendid business that is now 
known as A. Hamburger & Sons, Inc., 
and the largest in Southern California, 
was inaugurated. D. A. Hamburger, 
the other son, joined them January 1, 
1883. 

Asher Hamburger took an active 
interest in business afifairs up to within 
a year of his death, which occurred on 
the 2d day of December, 1897, he being 
in his seventy-sixth year. Through his 
liberality, enterprise and energy he has 
contributed towards many of the im- 
provements of Southern California. He 
had a most pleasing disposition and 
through his kindness and good-heart- 
edness assisted many men to positions 
of affluence in this country. 

In 1855, Asher Hamburger married 
Miss Hannah Bien and they enjoyed 
fifty-two years of wedded life. Mrs. 
Hamburger, who was an ardent, active 
worker in Jewish charitable afifairs, 
passed away on the 16th day of May, 
1907. Seven children were born to 
them, six of whom survive — David A. 
Hamburger, Closes A., Belle Ham- 
burger, Mrs. Otto Sweet, Mrs. Jennie 
H. Marx and Aliss Evelyn Hamburger. 

Hard, honest labor, upright methods, 
and taking for his precept the teach- 
ings of his early childhood, "De ye unto 
others as ye would have them do unto 
you," these laid the foundation upon 
which his children build. 



veloped into an exceedingly well-in- 
formed man. 

He left his European home a boy of 
sixteen and came to the United States. 
He settled in Louisville, Ky., where his 
brother resided. His destination, how- 
ever, was the West, and from San 
Francisco, his first stopping place, he 
moved to San Bernardino, where he 
conducted a store. 

In the early '60's he decided that Los 
Angeles ofifered better business op- 
portunities, and, consequently, it was 
not long before the latter city num- 



LEOPOLD HARRIS 

LEOPOLD HARRIS was born in 
West Prussia in 1836, and his death 
occurred in September, 1910. He had 
a very fair education with which to be- 
gin life in the business world, and this 
he received prior to his leaving his 
native land. Being a great believer in 
the power of education, he sought to 
avail himself of his spare time, and 
with much reading and study de- 




Leopold Harris 

bered Leopold Harris among her citi- 
zens. He engaged in various lines of 
business before he settled into the one 
bearing the name of L. Harris & Co., 
wholesale and retail men's wear. This 
was in 1880. The business prospered 
and later the firm of Harris & Frank 
was formed, which continues at the 
present time. 

Los Angeles owes much to Mr. Har- 
ris, because of the fact that he helped 
build the city, in actuality, several 
business blocks being erected by him. 
In San Bernardino, also, the Harris 
block was built. He was one of the 
first men in Los Angeles to erect build- 



104 



WESTERN JEWRY 



ings on leased ground — that was as far 
back as 1880. At one time Mr. Harris 
invested in land and sheep to a great 
extent and it proved to be a good stroke 
of business. 

In 1869 Leopold Harris returned to 
Germany and became wedded to the 
woman of his choice, Minna Jastrowitz, 
and brought her back with him to Los 
Angeles. To them the following chil- 
dren were born: Mrs. H. W. Frank, 
Mrs. M. C. Adler, Mrs. Alfred Stern 
and Alfred Harris. 

Mr. Harris was an oilficer of the 
B'nai B'rith congregation and an ac- 
tive member of various Jewish charity 
organizations. He was a man true to 
his word and always met his obliga- 
tions, both as a family man and in the 
world of business. He left many 
staunch friends, and the community in 
which he spent the greater part of his 
useful life will ever bear the impress 
of his work and industry. 



SAMUEL HART 

SAMUEL HART was an Austrian 
by birth. He was born in 1837. 
Leaving his native land when but a 
young boy he journeyed to California, 
.making the long and dangerous voyage 
around the Horn in 1855. He located 
first in Sacramento, where he was en- 
gaged in the mercantile business. 
When the Civil War broke out he went 
to Mexico and for several years was 
a mine superintendent. 

After returning to San Francisco he 
established a wholesale and retail pro- 
duce business, although retaining his 
mining interests in Nevada and Ari- 
zona. He was director of the Eureka 
Consolidated Mine of Eureka, Nev., 
and for many years held large land in- 
terests in lone, Cal., on which were 
valuable coal deposits. Prosperity in 
all lines of his business enabled him 
to retire from active life in 1881. 

Mr. Hart was married in 1865 to 



Johanna Kanitz, who was born in Buda- 
pest. Their children are Benno Hart, 
Mrs. Charles Heymann and Julian 
Hart. 

He had many friends among the 
pioneers of California. Samuel Hart 
was regarded as a man of sterling char- 




Samuel Hart 

acter. His religion meant much to 
him, and as a member of Temple 
Emanu-El he was very faithful. He 
was charitable to a great degree. In 
disposition he was kindly, always jolly 
and full of good cheer to all he came in 
contact with. He was greatly beloved 
by all who knew him, and when he 
passed away in June, 1899, he was 
mourned by many people. 



ABRAHAM ELIAS HECHT 

ABRAHAM ELIAS HECHT, son 
of Helene and Elias Hecht, was 
born at Hainstadt, Grand Duchy of 
Baden, Germany, May 23, 1838. At the 
age of ten, together with his parents, 
brothers and sisters, he emigrated by 
way of the Rhine, Rotterdam and 
London (the Atlantic voyage sail- 
ing ship taking thirty-five days) to 
New York City. Shortly after arrival 
there the family proceeded to Baiti- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



105 



more, Md., where the elder brothers 
worked hard to support the family and 
to enable the younger brothers to go 
to school. 

About 1859, Mr. Hecht, securing a 
good position with a highly-regarded 
firm at Norfolk, Va., moved to that 
city, where he remained until he re- 
ceived word from his eldest brother, 
Isaac, who had already gone out to 
California, to join him and his brother, 
Jacob, at San Francisco, then a new 
city, to establish a business for all five 
brothers there. Accordingly, he left 




Abraham Elias Hecht 

Norfolk, A'a., via New York City and 
the Isthmus of Panama for San Fran- 
cisco, where he arrived in 1861. 

The three brothers, Isaac, Abraliam 
and Jacob, established the well-known 
pioneer firm of Hecht Bros. & Co., later 
taking in the younger brothers, Louis 
Hecht, Jr., and M. H. Hecht, as part- 
ners. By the united energies of these 
five brothers the firm prospered splen- 
didly. A few years later, as an out- 
growth of this original firm, the 
Hecht brothers united themselves with 
Thomas Buckingham, and together 
they established the firm of Bucking- 
ham & Hecht, which continues actively 



in the manufacture of boots and shoes, 
and is one of the oldest business or- 
ganizations in the State of California. 

In 1874 he married Amelia Kaufmann, 
a native of Virginia, who in her girl- 
hood moved to Baltimore, Md. Five 
children were born to them, of whom 
three are living, Miss Edith Hecht, 
Joel K. Hecht and Elias M. Hecht. Mrs. 
Hecht died in San Francisco May 16, 
1904. 

Abraham Hecht was very prominent 
in civic and charitable activities. He 
was president for several terms of the 
Eureka Benevolent Society, and he pre- 
sided in splendid fashion at several of 
their memorable annual banquets, 
which, up to about 1890, were held 
every year as the best means of rais- 
ing sufficient funds to alleviate the dis- 
tress among poor Jewish families. Ow- 
ing to his indefatigable efforts these 
occasions were very successful, and 
they yielded large returns to the be- 
nevolent society. He was for many 
years a prominent member of the San 
Francisco Chamber of Commerce, a 
director of the German Savings & Loan 
Society, and at the National Grand 
Army encampment in San Francisco in 
1886 he was a prominent and active 
member of the honorary finance com- 
mittee, and he helped to make that 
event a big success. He was also a 
member of the Masonic order. 

Abraham Hecht passed away on 
January 9, 1898, greatly respected and 
deeply mourned by the entire commun- 
ity. Charitable to a fault during his 
lifetime, his will provided considerable 
sums for charities of various kinds. 



ISAAC HECHT 

IN the Grand Duchy of Baden, Ger- 
many, in the village of Hainstadt, 
in the year 1832, Isaac Hecht first saw 
the light of day. Knowing that in 
America the chances of bettering their 
condition were far greater than in the 



106 



WESTERN JEWRY 



home land, he, with his father, mother, 
sisters and brothers, emigrated to the 
United States. The journey was a 
trying one. Down the Rhine, on to 
Rotterdam and London, from that 
point to New York by sailing vessel, 
the time consumed on the water being 
thirty-five days. 

Shortly after their arrival they pro- 
ceeded to Baltimore, where Isaac, the 
eldest, immediately obtained work in 
order to support the family. By dint 
of hard labor he managed to make 
sufficient money to enable the younger 
boys of the family to be kept in school. 




Isaac Hecht 

This sacrifice on his part was made 
willingly and generously. He was am- 
bitious for his brothers to have the 
proper educational foundation with 
which to begin life. 

From Baltimore, Mr. Hecht moved 
to Dubuque, Iowa, but he remained 
there only a short time. The spirit of 
the West called him as it did others, 
and he came to California and settled 
in San Francisco. His brother followed 
him later, and together they estab- 
lished the well-known firm of Hecht 
Bros. & Co. The three brothers, Isaac. 
Abraham and Jacob, started the busi- 



ness, but later the younger brothers, 
Louis, Jr., and AI. H. Hecht, were 
taken into the firm. By the united ef- 
forts of these five energetic, resource- 
ful brothers the business prospered 
splendidly. 

Several years later they established 
the firm of Buckingham & Hecht, man- 
ufacturers of boots and shoes, which 
continues to the present time as one 
of the oldest business organizations in 
the State. 

In 1862 Mr. Hecht returned to Balti- 
more and married Miss Blemma Rose- 
wald and brought her back to San 
Francisco. Five children were born 
to them, Mrs. Helen H. Hecht, Bert 
R. Hecht, Mrs. William Fries, Summit 
L. Hecht of Boston and Mrs. Irvin J. 
Wiel. 

Mr. Hecht had wide interests outside 
of his manufacturing business. At one 
time he was president of the German 
Hospital for one term. He was one of 
the earliest members of the Temple 
Emanu-El. He was a man of high 
principles and great sympathies. As a 
member of the various Jewish organi- 
zations, although of a very retiring na- 
ture, he accomplished much real good 
among his fellow men. Anything along 
educational lines appealed to him, and 
being a great reader, he developed un- 
usual intelligence. His death occurred 
August 29, 1895. 



MARCUS H. HECHT 

MARCUS H. HECHT was born in 
1844 in Hainstadt. Grand Duchy 
of Baden. Germany. He with his 
father, mother, sisters and brothers 
emigrated to New York City by way 
of the Rhine. Rotterdam and Lon- 
don, the voyage on the Atlantic in a 
sailing vessel taking thirty-five days. 
From New York they went to Balti- 
more, and it was here that Marcus Hecht 
ofained the rudiments of an education. 
Through the assistance of his eldest 



WESTERN JEWRY 



107 



brother, Isaac, who worked hard in 
order that the younger boys could go 
to school, he was enabled to advance 
rapidly in his studies. He was a great 
reader and had the faculty of retaining 
what he read. But he, too, put his 
shoulder to the wheel and helped in the 
support of the family. 

Mr. Hecht first went into the shoe 
business for himself in Baltimore, and 
later he moved to Boston where he con- 
tinued in the same line. 

His brothers had by this time set- 
tled in San Francisco, and at their 
urgent request he joined them in the 




Marcus H. Hecht 



sixties and became identified with the 
firm of Hecht Bros. & Co. For three 
years he worked for them, but at the 
expiration of that time he became a 
member of the firm, consisting of 
Isaac, Abraham, Jacob, Louis, Jr. and 
himself. These five brothers soon de- 
veloped a splendid business and en- 
joyed prosperity. They established 
the firm of Buckingham & Hecht, man- 
ufacturers of boots and shoes, which 
continues to the present time as one 
of the oldest business organizations in 
California. 

Mr. Hecht was married January 19, 
1871, to Miss Alice Arnold, who survives 



him. She was the daughter of Dr. 
Abraham B. Arnold of Baltimore, a 
man of great prominence. The follow- 
ing children were born to them: Mrs. 
Mark Gerstle, Airs. William Gerstle, 
Airs. John Rothschild and Airs. Julian 
S. Stein of Baltimore. 

Alarcus H. Hecht was president of 
The Emporium Company of San Fran- 
cisco for several years, and at one time 
director of the Alercantile Trust Com- 
pany. He took a great interest in poli- 
tics, but was dissuaded by his mother 
from taking up a political career, as she 
feared he would be required to leave 
his domestic hearth too frequently. He 
was a presidential elector when James 
G. Blaine ran for President, and was a 
candidate for Congress on the Repub- 
lican ticket. 

Alarcus Hecht was a popular man. 
He made friends readily by his jovial 
disposition. He was colonel on the 
staff of General Dimond of the Califor- 
nia National Guards for some time, and 
was eenerallv known as Colonel 
Hecht. He was widely known as a 
great extemporaneous speaker. He 
was a charitable man, and associated 
with many Jewish organizations. 

He died 'june 14, 1909. 



AUGUST HELBING 

THE present excellent condition of 
manv eleemosynary Jewish insti- 
tutions in San Francisco is due to an 
appreciable degree to the precept and 
example furnished through the noble 
and useful life of August Helbing. 
Human nature at its best contains 
self-seeking attributes that often mar 
the beauty of its spiritual make-up. 
The career of August Helbing. how- 
ever, may be justly said to furnish a 
notable exception. His public spirited- 
ness and his philanthropic intuitions 
led him into enterprises for the public 
good. In this his splendid education, 
literary attainments and sterling char- 
acter were brought into play with re- 



108 



WESTERN JEWRY 



markable results, as evidenced by his 
work in the Eureka Benevolent Society 
and other humanitarian undertakings. 

August Helbing was born January 
13, 1824, in Munich, Bavaria. His 
father was court jeweler to King Lud- 
wig I, and the nobility with whom the 
elder Helbing came in contact in- 
fluenced him to give his fourteen chil- 
dren a liberal education. August 
graduated from the industrial school 
(Gewerbeschule) with high honors 
and was apprenticed to a mercantile 
house in which he acquired a fine 
knowledge of business. 

The exciting times of 1848 found him 
in the thick of the movement for the 




August Helbing 

liberation of the German states. 
Though only twenty-four years old at 
that time he was already known as a 
ready debater and enthusiastic Re- 
publican. The failure of the movement, 
however, drove him from his paternal 
home, and in 1848, together with his 
chum, Moritz Meyer, who remained his 
life-long partner, he came to America. 

After a short time in New Orleans, 
Helbing, attracted by the California 
gold discoveries, took passage for San 
Francisco via Panama. 

The first insight into the character 



of the man who subsequently labored 
so loyally for the uplift and betterment 
of his fellows was revealed on this 
journey. 

He had paid $450 in gold for his 
passage but it seems that an unscrupu- 
lous steamship company had sold 
duplicates of every berth. He was 
compelled to defend his possessions at 
the point of a pistol, but the next day, 
finding a poor woman and her baby 
quartered on deck without shelter, he 
cheerfully yielded his cabin to them 
for the rest of the journey without any 
charge whatsoever, remaining himself 
on deck for twenty-one days. 

In company with Moritz Meyer and 
August Wasserman of Alaska Com- 
mercial Company fame, Helbing ar- 
rived at the Golden Gate early in 1850. 
He founded the dry goods house of 
Meyer, Helbing, Strauss & Co. In 
1860 the business was changed to the 
crockery line under the firm name of 
Helbing. Strauss & Co. It was his 
misfortune to be burned out four times, 
which entailed heavy losses. 

Later a stock brokerage firm was or- 
ganized, the late Jacob Greenebaum 
and his former partner, Strauss, becom- 
ing his associates. He subsequently 
established a general insurance busi- 
ness, in which he enjoyed a large and 
lucrative clientele. He was universally 
respected. 

His intelligent endeavors in behalf 
of the poor and needy were highly ap- 
preciated. He was prominently identi- 
fied with the first movement to estab- 
lish the public school system in San 
Francisco, and was one of the most 
effective leaders in the upbuilding of 
the Eureka Benevolent Society. 

In 1860 August Helbing married Miss 
Frances Koenigsberger and the foUov^f- 
ing children were born to them : David 
Helbing. J. A. Helbing, Mrs. I. Blum 
and Mrs. R. B. Rothschild. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



109 



Mr. Helbing passed away August 
17, 1896, mourned by thousands of 
people in every walk of life. His wife 
preceded him into the rest eternal only 
bv a few weeks. 



HERMAN W. HELLMAN 

THE enterprises sustained by the 
financial aid and unerring business 
ability of Herman \\\ Hellman have 
given Los Angeles within the past few 
years a decided impetus toward a phe- 
nomenal growth and development. For- 
tunately wise and conservative, he held 
in check any movement which might 




Herman W. Hellman 

have tended to inflate values, attract 
speculators and thus produce a condi- 
tion disastrous to permanent develop- 
ment. Mr. Hellman's long association 
with the banking institutions of the 
Southern metropolis he helped to build 
proved his peculiar fitness as a leader 
in financial circles. 

Nearlv a dozen years have passed 
since this man went to his reward and 
the wonderful results of his unending 
toil, his calm foresight and clear- 
headedness are seen on every hand as 
one makes a tour of the South, and it 
is hard, indeed, to believe this man who 



wrought nothing but great good to the 
city of his adoption is not among us 
today, so vividly does he live in our 
memories. 

Born September 25, 1843, in Ba- 
varia, Germany, his early education 
was a practical training in the common 
branches of study. At the age of fif- 
teen he decided to leave the shelter of 
the paternal roof and seek his fortune 
in a new country. Accordingly he took 
passage on a vessel bound for Cali- 
fornia. Los Angeles and its vicinity 
attracted him from the first and his 
residence there was practically con- 
tinuous. Commercial affairs interested 
him. and in the month of June, 1859, he 
took a position as freight clerk in the 
forwarding and commission business at 
Wilmington conducted by General 
Phineas Banning. He held the position 
until he acquired sufficient means to 
enable him to return to Los Angeles 
and establish himself in the stationery 
business in partnership with a cousin. 

After conducting a successful enter- 
prise for several years he withdrew 
from the company to take up the work 
on his own responsibility. In 1870 he 
disposed of this business and spent the 
following year in Europe visiting his 
boyhood home. In November of 1871 
he entered into partnership with Jacob 
Haas, an old schoolmate of his. and 
established a wholesale grocery busi- 
ness known as Hellman, Haas & Co. 
For nineteen years this firm catered to 
an extensive trade in Southern Cali- 
fornia. Arizona, New Mexico and 
Texas, the strong, forceful manage- 
ment of the men adding materially to 
the commercial supremacy of that sec- 
tion of the State. 

In the meantime Mr. Hellman had 
become associated with the Farmers' 
National Bank and when, in 1896, he 
became vice-president and local mana- 
ger, he retired from the firm of Hell- 
man, Haas & Co., and from that time 



110 



WESTERN JEWRY 



he became one of the most widely- 
known bankers of California. 

Shortly after assuming his duties in 
the bank the financial panic of 1893 
brought disaster to many of the mone- 
tary institutions throughout the United 
States. The security with which this 
bank stood out among others whose 
doors were closed either temporarily or 
permanently and the long era of pros- 
perity which followed that crisis was 
largely due to the conservative and 
sagacious judgment of Mr. Hellman. 

Outside of his associations with the 
Farmers' and Merchants' Bank, Mr. 
Hellman was extensively identified 
with other financial concerns of Los 
Angeles. In July, 1893, he accepted 
the presidency of the Merchants' Na- 
tional Bank, after resigning in May as 
vice-president of the former institu- 
tion. He was director of twelve other 
banks in Los Angeles and other cities 
in Southern California. In the busi- 
ness of all he brought to bear that 
energy and ambition which invariably 
spelled success. 

On the 26th day of July, 1874, Her- 
man W. Hellman was married to Miss 
Ida Heimann, in Italy, and to them 
were born the following children: Mrs. 
Freda Cole, Mrs. Sollie Aronson, 
Marco and Irving Hellman. 

Mr. Hellman belonged to many clubs 
and fraternal orders. Under his ad- 
ministration as president of the B'nai 
B'rith Congregation the new temple 
was erected. Many charitable institu- 
tions were given support by him. He 
was a member of the California, Jona- 
than and Concordia clubs ; Masonic 
order. Master of Pentalpha Lodge No. 
202, Thirty-second Degree, Scottish 
Rite, Shriner, Al Malaika Temple. 

In reviewing the life of Mr. Hellman 
an impression is gained not of the op- 
portunities which presented themselves 
throughout his career, but by the man- 
ner in which he understood and grasped 
the situation. Practically empty- 



handed he came to the Pacific 
Coast in his boyhood, when the coun- 
try was lawless, when the survival of 
the fittest was the unwritten law and 
where it was far easier to sink into in- 
significance with the multitude than to 
rise to the heights with the few. 

On the 19th of October, 1906, his 
death occurred, and with his passing 
scores of men mourned. 

"Herman W. Hellman was a very 
rich man, but not an aristocrat," said 
one who knew him well. "He helped 
those in need. He was always ap- 
proachable. He was loved by those 
who knew him. He was regarded by 
the younger members of his family as 
their councilor and adviser. Mr. Hell- 
man was respected by the community. 
Those who knew him always had a 
kind word for him." 

Mr. Hellman's interest in the growth 
of Los Angeles, the Herman W. Hell- 
man building at Fourth and Spring 
streets, stands as a monument to his 
public spirit and enterprise. His ever- 
ready assistance to charitable causes 
and his belief and interest in young 
men all go to show that this man 
is missed not only by the members of 
his household and his near friends, but 
bv the entire community as well. 



DAVID HENDERSON 

ONE of the best business men in 
the country, an able banker, a 
man of public spirit, with the com- 
munity interests at heart — such was 
David Henderson, well known in Cali- 
fornia and Arizona. He was born in 
Poland in 1843. At the age of three 
he accompanied his parents to America. 
They were emigrating to the West, and 
chose California for their home, set- 
tling in Nevada county. 

Although his father was a well-to- 
do man, he insisted on his children 
earning their own livelihood ; conse- 
quently David was self-educated. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



111 



While at work on the ranch he began 
studying the common branches and 
later took up the study of law, and in 
due time was admitted to practice. 
However, he did not practice his pro- 
fession generally, but applied it to his 
own needs in his banking and mercan- 
tile business which he followed. 
When David Henderson branched 




David Henderson 

out for himself, he went to live in Ari- 
zona, living in Prescott and later in 
Globe. In these towns he was en- 
gaged in the mercantile business. It 
was in Tucson that he established the 
D. Henderson Bank, which later be- 
came the Consolidated National Bank 
when he sold out his interest to go to 
San Diego. In that city he was presi- 
dent of a national bank for three years. 
Returning to Tucson he re-purchased the 
Consolidated National Bank and re- 
mained there one year. He then moved 
to Santa Clara, California, establishing 
there the Santa Clara National Bank, 
becoming its president. He was treas- 
urer of the Santa Clara Building and 
Loan Association for many years, and 
also president of the Santa Clara 
Board of Education. He retired from 
active business just a few months be- 
fore his death, which occurred in San 



Francisco November 12, 1902. 

Mr. Henderson was a member of the 
San Jose Congregation, and also of 
Temple Emanu-El, and connected 
actively with Jewish charities wher- 
ever he lived. He was a staunch Re- 
publican and interested in politics. 
When he lived in Arizona he was on 
the Governor's staflf, and was known as 
Colonel Henderson. He was a member 
of Bay City Lodge, I. O. O. F. 

Esther Goldsmith of San Francisco, 
who survives him, became his wife in 
1889, and one child was born to them, 
Sarita B. Henderson. 



HERMAN HEYNEMAN 

HERAIAN HEYNEMAN, the son 
of Wolff Heyneman, a merchant 
of Hanover, Germany, was born April 
23, 1845. At the age of fifteen he 
came to California in company with 




Herman Heyneman 

Sol Wangenheim. His schooling was 
obtained partly in England, where he 
lived for a short time, and later in Gil- 
roy, California. 

In his young manhood he formed the 
excellent habit of reading and study, 
and as he grew older he was rated as a 
highly cultured man. 



112 



WESTERN JEWRY 



After leaving school he was em- 
ployed in the store of Sol Wangen- 
heim, but his business career began 
when he moved to San Francisco and 
began the manufacture of cigars and 
the selling of tobacco. Later he ob- 
tained the agency for the well-known 
Bull Durham tobacco for the Pacific 
Coast, and then the Western Coast 
agency for the American Tobacco 
Company, which he held until shortly 
before his death in August, 1915. As 
a business man Mr. Heyneman was 
held in high esteem by all he had deal- 
ings with, and he became prosperous 
through his strict attention to detail, 
as well as through his honesty and in- 
tegrity. 

Herman Heyneman was married to 
Rosalie Robertson in New York. Their 
children are Mrs. Clarence Jacobson of 
Portland, Mrs. Melville Schweitzer and 
Walter Heyneman of San Francisco. 
Mrs. Heyneman, who took a great in- 
terest in Jewish charities, especially in 
the E'manu-El Kindergarten and the 
Mount Zion Hospital, passed away the 
11th of May, 1915, shortly before the 
death of her beloved husband. 

Mr. Heyneman was essentially a re- 
ligious man. He was a member of 
Temple Emanu-El and his gifts to 
charity were many. He lived his re- 
ligion. That he was a kind, indulgent 
parent, a devoted husband, a true friend, 
a good neighbor and an honest citizen is 
acknowledged by all who knew him in- 
timately. 

He was a member of the Concordia 
Club and the Masonic fraternity. 



HENRY W. HYMAN 

ON the 26th of March, 1905, there 
died in San Francisco a man of 
sterling character, Henry W. Hyman, 
with a host of friends who loved him 
for his goodness, and his great-hearted 
charity which was always given in a 
quiet way. Of a deeply religious na- 



ture, he kept much to himself, but it 
was only for the purpose of inward 
study that he did so. 

Prussia was the land of his birth, in 
the year 1842. His education was ob- 
tained in his native land. When he be- 
came a young man the spirit of pioneer- 
ing caused him to journey to the 
United States and for a time he lived 
in Portland, Ore. Later he moved to 
the Hawaiian Islands, where he en- 
gaged in a mercantile business. He 




Henry W^. Hyman 

never really established a residence in 
the islands, but called San Francisco 
his home. Here he maintained offices 
connected with his business. Asso- 
ciated with him were his brothers and 
with their united efforts and shrewd- 
ness the business developed to huge 
proportions. Four years before his 
death he retired. 

On the 3d of March, 1867, Miss Julia 
Stodole became his wife. She was a 
woman of exceptional qualities, fine 
character and noble spirit. Her dtath 
took place in 1915. 

Henry Hyman was a member of 
Temple Emanu-El and at one time a 
director of Mount Zion Hospital. He 
was also connected with the various 



WESTERN JEWRY 



113 



Jewish charitable organizations and the 
work he did in association with them 
will be long felt and remembered. 
Seven children were born to this 
worthy man and his wife. Those sur- 
viving are : Mrs. Theresa Stone, Wal- 
ter L. Hyman, Samuel L. Hyman, Mrs. 
Fred Baruch and Robert H. Hyman. 



HARRY ISAACS 

IX London, England, in the year 1816 
there was born to Israel Isaacs and 
his wife a little son who was destined 
to render fine service to the United 
States. Educated in London and living 




Harry Isaacs 

there until early manhood, Harry 
Isaacs was conserving his strength and 
vitality which he so freely gave later 
for the benefit of the country of his 
adoption. 

When he came to this country, about 
1842, his destination was New Orleans, 
and it was while residing in this south- 
ern city that he enlisted and served in 
the American army in the war against 
Maxmilian. After the war had ceased 
he moved to California in 1851, and set- 
tled first in Monterey county. In 
1852 he moved to San Francisco. First 
he became a wharfinger on Long Wharf, 



which is now Commercial street. Later 
he went into the drayage business and 
he also conducted a saloon on the cor- 
ner of Battery and Sacramento streets, 
known as the "Identical Saloon." He 
continued in this business until the 
time of his death in 1862. 

Israel Isaacs, his father, was a Lon- 
don wholesale butcher. He was the 
king's butcher and was also the dis- 
penser of alms for the Montefiores and 
paymaster for the Rothschilds. He was 
also the only Jew to hold a leasehold of 
property in the city of London at that 
time. 

Harry Isaacs was a liberal, charita- 
ble man. All Jewish affairs interested 
him, and he was a member of the I. O. 
B. B. and of the Masonic order, Scot- 
tish Rite. 

He married Miss Kate Davis of Lon- 
don, England. Their children are Mrs. 
Rachel Morgenstern of East Orange, 
N. J., Josh D. Isaacs of San Francisco, 
and Mrs. Max Abrahams of San Fran- 
cisco. 

ISAAC N. JACOBY 

ISAAC N. JACOBY, born in Ger- 
many in 1836, became a citizen of 
San Francisco in the year of 1882. He 
was educated in his European home, 
was married there in 1866 to Miss Ma- 
thilda Cohn, and for some time was in 
business there. 

In 1862 he came to San Francisco 
and the firm of Landis & Jacoby, deal- 
ing in wholesale leather findings, was 
formed. In 1884 he sold out his in- 
terest in this firm and became a mem- 
ber of Jacoby Brothers in Los Angeles, 
representing the interests of his as- 
sociates in San Francisco in the whole- 
sale men's goods business. Up to the 
time of his death on the 13th of May, 
1902. he was actively engaged in the 
pursuit of his business affairs. 

Mr. Jacoby was an upright, sincere 
man. He was candid, frank and talked 
straight from the shoulder. It was 



114 



WESTERN JEWRY 



said of him that whenever he was con- 
scious of the truth he was not loth to 
maintain his views regardless of any- 
thing. He was a member of Sherith 
Israel Congregation and took an active 
interest in all Jewish charitable organiza- 
tions. Isaac N. Jacoby is mourned 




Isaac N. Jacoby 

and missed in the community in which 
he lived. 

Three children were born to him 
and his wife, namely, Philip I. Jacoby, 
Mrs. Hugo Abrahamson and the late 
Samuel Jacoby. 



w 



JULIUS JACOBS 

ITH but little money in his 
pockets, with scarcely anv school- 
ing, and without the aid of friends, a 
little lad made his way to America 
from his home in Prussia. He was 
barely thirteen when he reached Cal- 
ifornia, coming from the eastern part 
of the country across the Isthmus of 
Panama. The year he arrived was 
1853. His name was Julius Jacobs, 
and he was the second son of seven 
children born to his parents. Decem- 
ber 21, 1840, was the date of his birth, 
and .Samotschin, Prussia, his birth- 



place. His father was the village 
schoolmaster. 

On his arrival in this country he 
systematically set out to educate him- 
self by night study. He succeeded to 
a remarkable degree. He read exten- 
sively on the most diverse subjects, 
and his excellent memory enabled him 
to retain a vast collection of facts that 
quick intelligence co-ordinated. He 
spoke and wrote well. His taste in 
literature was cosmopolitan, and in- 
cluded English and foreign poets, 
scientific, political and sociological 
writers, from whom he quoted freely. 
His taste for art led him to make a col- 
lection of fine paintings and prints, 
several of which had real merit ; and 
one, "Sutter's Mill," executed by the 
artist, Charles Nahl, great historical 
value. 

In comparing the two pictures, Julius 




Julius Jacobs 

Jacobs, the penniless little lad, alone in 
a strange land, and Julius Jacobs, the 
man of culture, refinement and af- 
fluence, it is realized that but one 
thing could have made the transition 
— work. In looking back over his 
life one can trace his development ; 
and all he gained was through con- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



115 



tiniious work and study. He was born 
an European, but was an American in 
education, sentiment and predilection. 

On his arrival in California Mr. Ja- 
cobs was employed by the firm of B. 
C. & T. L. Horn, at that time the 
largest tobacco house in California; 
subsequently he moved to Folsom, 
where he engaged in the general mer- 
chandise business. It was there that 
he wrote his first risk in 1860 for the 
North British & Mercantile Insurance 
Company, which fact placed him among 
the pioneer fire insurance underwriters 
of the Pacific Coast. Before he was 
twenty years of age Mr. Jacobs was at 
the head of a chain of stores at Fol- 
som, Georgetown and other places, all 
conducted under the firm name of 
Julius Jacobs & Co. Later on he be- 
came a member of the firm of Gridley, 
Hobart & Jacobs of Austin, Nev. Mr. 
Hobart was State Controller of Ne- 
vada. It was Mr. Gridley of this firm 
who carried the famous sack of flour 
that brought some $200,000 to the sani- 
tary fund mentioned in Mark Twain's 
"Roughing It." In the early sixties 
Mr. Jacobs returned to San Francisco, 
retired from the mercantile business 
and entered the general insurance busi- 
ness. The firm of Potter, Jacobs & 
Easton was formed in 1874 and con- 
tinued until 1878, when Mr. Potter re- 
tired from the firm, which then be- 
came Jacobs & Easton. and continued 
in the insurance business until his 
death, June 22, 1907. He was a very 
public-spirited citizen. He was always 
ready to assist any enterprise calcu- 
lated to develop the resources of the 
State. His reputation was very much 
enhanced by his connection with the 
free kindergarten system of education, 
which he, with the late Judge Heyden- 
feldt and Professor Felix Adler, founded 
on the Coast. He was director and 
treasurer of the Pioneer Kindergarten 
Society for many years. In 1898 Mr. 
Jacobs was appointed Assistant United 



States Treasurer in charge of the San 
Francisco Sub-Treasury, by President 
McKinley ; this office he held until his 
death. In June 18, 1869, he married 
Miss Sarah Adler. Three children were 
the fruit of this marriage, Lester (de- 
ceased), Mrs. Florence Hofifman and 
Alfred. In former years he took a 
lively interest in the afifairs of the In- 
dependent Order B'nai B'rith, at one 
time holding the office of first 
grand president of that order. He 
was a prominent member of Temple 
Emanu-El, having served as its vice- 
president for several years, and having 
been one of the Board of Directors 
until the time of his death. He was 
also a member of Fidelity Lodge of 
the Masonic order. Bay City Lodge of 
Odd Fellows, and Montefiore Lodge 
of B'nai B'rith. 

Julius Jacobs stood for the highest 
ideals in Judaism, and his sterling 
qualities and fine character won him 
the respect and honor of all those 
with whom he came in contact. His 
highest ideal was to serve his fellow- 
man. He gave freely of his money 
and used every effort to relieve distress 
regardless of creed or race. He was 
tender-hearted as a child, and fre- 
quently carried his charities to a de- 
gree that caused him to undergo con- 
siderable personal sacrifice. Ex- 
tremely democratic, he was partic- 
ularly at pains to be courteous to those 
inferior to him in wealth and station. 



GABRIEL M. KUTZ 

WHEN Gabriel M. Kutz came to 
the United States he was first at- 
tracted to Idaho, settled in that State 
and engaged in merchandising. A few 
years later, however, he moved to Cal- 
ifornia, choosing San Francisco for his 
home and established himself in the 
jewelry business, and afterward be- 
came a tobacconist. Success was as- 
sured when he made another change 



116 



WESTERN JEWRY 



and became a shoe manufacturer, at 
the head of the firm of Kutz & Moore. 
Being: a keen, shrewd man of afTairs 
the business developed rapidly and he 
was actively engaged in it up to the 
time of his death. 

Miss CaroHne Goldman of San Fran- 
cisco became his wife januarv 2, 1872. 




Gabriel M. Kutz 

Mrs. Kutz and their children survive 
him. Their children are: Mrs. Simon 
Kohn, Milton, Jesse, ^Irs. Meyer 
Cahn and William J. Mr. Kutz was a 
devoted family man and being a stu- 
dent and a great reader their home was 
one of culture and refinement. 

He was an ardent Republican al- 
though never actively interested in 
politics. He was a member of Temple 
Emanu-El, the I. O. P.. B. and other 
organizations, and genuinely concerned 
in all works of charity. Mr. Kutz was 
a citizen of whom the community 
looked upon with pride. He was born 
in Bavaria, Germany, in 1840, and died 
September 20, 1895. 



can-Jewish gentleman. It is difficult 
to describe in limited space the char- 
acter of this wonderfully good man. His 
well-formed, well-regulated mind, 
fixed principles and profound religious 
sentiment marked him a God-fearing 
man, and a patriotic citizen. Ardent 
both in religious belief and civic opin- 
ions, he won the respect and admiration 
of Jew and Christian alike. His friends 
were numbered among all people. In 
his home life he was a tenderly devoted 
husband and father, exemplar of that 
sweet, old-fashioned Ba'al Hab'bayith, 
whose home is his palace and whose 
rule therein is with love, kindness, 
tenderness and sagacity. 

Simon Koshland was born in Ichen- 
hausen, Bavaria, July 4, 1825. He came 
to America at a comparatively early 
age, and like most of his countrymen, 
started on next to nothing. His cap- 
ital was a good education, a moral 



SIMON KOSHLAND 

WHEN Simon Koshland passed 
away on the 31st day of August, 
1896, there was taken from our midst 
one of the finest types of the Ameri- 




Simon Koshland 



character and a sturdy self-reliance. 
His success was gained through these. 
\\4ien he came to California in 1850, 
settlina: first in Sacramento, he bat- 
tied with fortitude and gained far be- 
yond his dreams. Patience, persever- 
ance and industry counted in this new 
land. He was burned out and flooded 



WESTERN JEWRY 



117 



out of his general merchandise busi- 
ness, and in 1862 he removed to San 
Francisco, where he remained until his 
death on August 31. 1896. 

In San Francisco he founded the 
house of Koshland Brothers, composed 
of himself and his elder brother who 
accompanied him across the Isthmus, 
mule-back on their perilous journey to 
the Golden West. It was the wool and 
hide business, and it succeeded so ad- 
mirably that the firm of S. Koshland 
& Sons, as it is now called, became one 
of the leading wool houses of Amer- 
ica, with ramifications throughout the 
country, the main office being located 
in Boston. 

On Mr. Koshland's retirement sev- 
eral years prior to his death, his sons 
and son-in-law. Henry Sinsheimer, 
took charge of the business, although 
he remained their guide and counsellor 
until the last. 

Mr. Koshland married Miss Rosina 
Frauenthal of Philadelphia, and the 
children born to them are as follows: 
Marcus S. Koshland. Mrs. H. Sins- 
heimer, Mrs. E. Greenebaum, Mrs. A. 
Haas, Montefiore Koshland (de- 
ceased), Abraham Koshland and Jesse 
Koshland of Boston. 

For years Mr. Koshland was one of 
the leading members of the Ohabai 
Shalome Congregation, but of later 
years affiliated with the Temple 
Emanu-El, where he was a devoted 
attendant. His charities were many 
and as might be expected he gave un- 
ostentatiously and with a sense of 
deep gratitude to his Creator. 



years due him we find it difficult, in- 
deed, to become reconciled to it. Such 
was the case when on July 10, 1915, 
Henry Lachman died. Yet at fifty-five 
years he had accomplished many things 
and more wonderful things than most 
men do who live far beyond three- 
score years and ten. 

Henry Lachman. the son of Samuel, 
familiarly and lovingly called "Sam." and 
Henrietta Lachman was born in 
W'eaverville, Trinity county, Cal., on 
February 7, 1860. Early in his youth, 
to be exact, at the age of sixteen, he fol- 
lowed eagerly in the footsteps of his 



44 



THREE 
That is 



HENRY LACHMAN 

score years and ten." 
the allotted time for 
each of us and when a man passes 
away at seventy, although there is deep 
regret on the part of all who know 
and love him, we are resigned and 
say, "He lived his life." But when he 
is called away and there are vet many 




Henry Lachman 

father and with untiring labor built up 
what is typically Californian, a great 
wine industry. 

At first a winetaster, and then a 
blender he was afterwards put in 
charge of the purchasing of wine 
throughout the State. The commer- 
cializing of the finished product opened 
further avenues and it was through his 
efforts that an amalgamation of the 
various wine interests was effected 
resulting in the formation of the 
California Wine Association. This he 
accomplished in 1904. It was fitting 
that he should have the honor of being 



118 



WESTERN JEWRY 



the organizer of this immense concern 
for the thirty-six years spent by his 
father, brother and himself in perfect- 
ing it gave him that right. 

His early education was obtained in 
the public schools of San Francisco 
and at McClure's Academy in Oak- 
land. When he had attained pros- 
perity he traveled much in England and 
on the continent of Europe, studying 
always to learn further secrets which 
would bring to the highest point of 
perfection California's great wine m- 
dustry. He often expressed himself in 
favor of such reforms as were needed 
to bring the California vineyards and 
the art of wine-making up to the stand- 
ards of those of Europe. He was a 
help and an inspiration to all who were 
interested in this wonderful industry. 

He was known as one of the best 
wine judges in the United States and 
at the time of the Louisiana Purchase 
Exposition was nominated by Gov- 
ernor Pardee to go to St. Louis and rep- 
resent the California wine men. While 
there he was made chairman of the Wine 
Exhibit of the World. For his services 
and in recognition of his ability in that 
line he was decorated by the French 
Government with the medal of the Che- 
valier of the Legion of Honor. It was 
said of Henry Lachman that although 
he was one of the founders of the wine 
industry of the State and deeply con- 
cerned in it all his life and one of the 
best judges of wine in the country, yet 
he never swallowed a drop of wine or 
other intoxicating liquors. 

About ten years ago Henry Lachman 
acquired the Gallegos property at Mis- 
sion San Jose. The same energy witli 
-which he built up the wine business 
he put into the development of this es- 
tate. His naturally artistic bent and 
aptitude for landscape gardening found 
ample scope. Gently elevated above the 
southern end of the Ray of San Fran- 
cisco, alongside the historic Mission of 
San Jose and just under the Mission 



Peak, Old World gardens, in which a 
hundred varieties of flowers bloomed, 
spacious lawns, orchards of orange, fig, 
and olive, prolific grape vines, foun- 
tains and stately avenues of trees, all of 
these made Palmdale — Palmdale, the 
magnificent show place of California. 
Genuine hospitality and royal entertain- 
ment were always to be found here by 
the multitude of friends Henry Lachman 
possessed. 

His retirement to private life with an 
honestly earned fortune was only the 
beginning of another career in a broader 
field in which his influence was being felt 
and respected as it had in the past. He 
added to our country life the simple but 
esthetic ideas of the clean-living country 
gentleman. 

While Mr. Lachman took no part in 
political affairs, he was active in public 
life. He was president of the United 
Chambers of Commerce of Washington 
Township, a director of the Alameda 
County Farm Bureau, a member of the 
Oakland Chamber of Commerce-Com- 
mercial Club, Consolidated, an officer of 
the California-Tourist Association and a 
member of several fraternal organiza- 
tions, including the Masonic. 

Mr. Lachman never married. With 
him lived his venerable mother, Hen- 
rietta Lachman, and his brother, Albert. 
His untimely death called forth genuine 
regret by many thousands of fellow- 
citizens who honor his memory. His 
place in the life of our State will be dif- 
ficult to fill. 



SAMUEL LACHMAN 

IF it had not been for Samuel Lach- 
man and his keen foresight it might 
have been many years before the excel- 
lent wines of California received the 
recognition they now have throughout 
the world. California owes much to the 
man who realized the great future and 
possibilities of this industry and invested 
all his money and sent representatives 



WESTERN JEWRY 



119 



to the East to build up the market for 
her wines. He was the first man to do 
this, and it was through his untiring 
efforts and unending labor that the 
California wine industry grew. It was a 
hard battle wherein labor, capital and 
brain won. Mr. Lachman was an au- 
thority on wine-making and up to the 
time of his death the best judge of wine 
in the United States. The fimi name at 
first was Eberhardt & Lachman, but in 
1872, it became S. Lachman Company, 
being augmented by his son Albert, 
and later by his son, Henry. 




Samuel Lachman 

Samuel Lachman was born in Prus- 
sia January 21, 1824. He left home 
when he was a young boy, and in 1850 
arrived in San Francisco, having come 
from the East via the Isthmus. He 
was employed in various occupations, 
until the mining fever broke out when 
he went to Weaverville, Cal. Here he 
established a general merchandise 
store. 

After living there a few years he 
went to New York and married Miss Hen- 
rietta Guenther, his affianced bride, in 
1856, and immediately returned to 
Weaverville, remaining there until 
1864. In that year Mr. Lachman sold 



his business and returned to San Fran- 
cisco. 

Some time was spent in looking for 
a profitable investment. In January, 
1867, with Adolph Eberhardt he first 
went into the wine business, which 
was at that time purely a local proposi- 
tion with no markets in the East. After 
six months he put all of his available 
capital into it with the result that he 
became the greatest developer of Cali>- 
fornia wines. 

So engrossed in business was he that 
in all his career he took but one va- 
cation to Europe. After remaining 
away for a year he returned and 
worked harder than ever. He was 
always the first to arrive and the 
last to leave, and it was entirely 
through his own efforts and far-sighted- 
ness that he was so successful. 

In his home life he was kind, simple- 
hearted and considerate, jovial and hos- 
pitable. To him and his estimable wife 
were born three children, namely : Al- 
bert Lachman, Mrs. Leo Metzger and 
Henry Lachman, deceased 1915. Mrs. 
Lachman survives and is a very char- 
itable woman. 



DANIEL LEVY 

DANIEL LEVY, the distinguished 
teacher and journalist, was born in 
Luxheim, Lorraine, France, in 1826. He 
passed away in San Francisco in 1910. 
Educated in his native country in the 
Paris University he became a teacher in 
the government employ. After receiv- 
ing his diploma as a professor of lan- 
guages the French government sent him 
to Oran, Algeria. During the Commune 
he was editor of the paper "La Lune." 
It was confiscated by the government 
and he was put in prison for a few days 
because of a cartoon of Napoleon the 
Third. After his release he came to the 
United States and settled in San Fran- 
cisco February 4, 1855. For several 
vears he was an efficient teacher of Ian- 



120 



WESTERN JEWRY 



guages in the Boys' High School. Imme- 
diately after his arrival in San Francisco 
he taught in the school conducted by Dr. 
Elkan Cohn. For a short period he acted 
as reader pro tern in Temple Emanu-El. 
When Daniel Levy emigrated from his 
native land three brothers and three 
sisters accompanied him. During the 
Franco-Prussian war he returned to 




way. He never married. He was a 
handsome man — very distinguished in 
appearance. He was, above all, a Jew 
and a Frenchman. He was thoroughly 
versed in Jewish lore and hoped to write 
a great deal on that suljject, but owing 
to ill health was unable to do so. He 
had many friends and his one thought 
was to give offense to no one. He was 
very charitable and liberal to every one. 
He was a valued member of Temple 
Emanu-El. He was the author of the 
following books : "Les Francais en Cali- 
fornie," "History of Austria and Hun- 
gary," the latter a political book. 



Daniel Levy 

France, where he rendered such distin- 
guished public service that the French 
Government conferred on him the Cross 
of the Legion of Honor. Ambassador 
Jusserand made the presentation in De- 
cember, 1909. He was one of the founders 
of the French Hospital and president of 
that institution. He was also one of the 
founders of the Alliance Francaise and 
benefited the community greatly by start- 
ing a French library. In the last years of 
his life Daniel Levy devoted his entire 
time to work in the charitable organiza- 
tions. He became dean of the French 
Colony and no man in that society did 
more for his fellow-men nor added more 
toward culture and education than he. 
He was a ^Master Mason and a member 
of the Cercle Francais and president of 
the Ligue Xationale for many years. His 
family regarded him as perfect in every 



FRED H. LEVY 



t4T7VERYBODY'S friend" passed 



E 



away on the 29th of February, 
1916. Brimful of humanity and a firm 
believer in his fellow-men, he rightly 
won the distinction. To the world at 




Fred H. Levy 

large he was known as Fred H. Levy. 
He was a native son of California, 
having been born in San Jose in 18n9. 
His early education was received in the 
pul)lic schools of San Jose. Early in 
his life he manifested musical talent 
and by diligent application became a 
skillful pianist. In later years his 



WESTERN TEWRY 



121 



leisure hours were devoted to com- 
posing music. One meritorious com- 
position of Mr. Levy's was the beau- 
tiful "Concordia Waltz," which was 
dedicated to the well-known club of 
that name of which he was a beloved 
member. Mr. Levy organized the 
present orchestra of the Concordia 
Club, the members of which for many 
years gathered at his home for re- 
hearsals. 

His business career was a notable 
success, and those with whom he had 
business relations held him in highest 
regard. He was a self-made man. He 
left San Jose to live in San Francisco. 
Here he was engaged as bookkeeper 
for M. Hyman until 1883, when the 
death of his father occurred. At this 
time he became a member of the whole- 
sale jewelry firm of M. Schussler & 
Co. The firm was incorporated in 
1889 and Mr. Levy was elected presi- 
dent. He held this position until the 
time of his death. 

Fred H. Levy was married in 1888 to 
Miss Belle Roth. To them were born 
the following children: Anita, Harry 
J., Dorothy and Mrs. Edna Frank. Mr. 
Levy was devoted to his family, and 
his tender care of his widowed mother 
was beautiful. In all matters pertain- 
ing to Jewish charities he was deeply 
interested. He was a member of the 
Federation of Jewish Charities and of 
the Temple Emanu-El. He was vice- 
president of the Concordia Club and 
took much pleasure in fulfilling his 
duties. 



H. M. LEVY 

THE last day of the year 1849 
marked the arrival in San Fran- 
cisco of H. M. Levy. He came here 
direct from Germany at the age of 
nineteen, having been born in 1830, 
near Berlin. His route from the East 
lay through the Isthmus of Panama. 

Merchandising was his business. 
^\'hen he became interested in mining 
and associated with lim Keane in the 



Comstock mines he began to know 
prosperity. His big fortune was made 
in the Sierra Nevada boom. His thor- 
ough technical knowledge of mining 
stood him in good stead, and because 
of this fact he was able to accomplish 
much. He became a member of the 
San Francisco Stock Exchange and 
lived an active and useful life. His 
property interests were numerous and 
he died a rich man. In 1856 he mar- 
ried Miss Schewa Haas. Mr. Levy was. 
numbered among the first members of 
the Temple Emanu-El Congregation 




H. M. Levy 

and was also actively interested in 
many of the Jewish charitable organ- 
izations to which he gave much of his 
valuable time and money. Mr. Levy 
was a Mason and in politics was a Re- 
publican, although he took but a 
passive interest in public matters. 

When H. M. Levy died, "in 1908, the 
real cause of his death was the loss of 
his beloved wife, who died eight years 
before, and to whom he was very de- 
voted. He seemed to droop and die 
like a flower when the sun which is 
its life was gone. Mr. Levy was an 
idealist possessed of a rare and beau- 
tiful character. Of his two children 
but one survives, Mrs. Dahlia Loeb. 



122 



WESTERN JEWRY 



SAMUEL WOLF LEVY 

SAMUEL WOLF LEVY was the 
son of Wolf Levy and Dina Matz 
Levy. The place and date of his birth 
v^as Haegen, Alsace, France, Novem- 
ber 2, 1830. The first years of his 
schooling w^ere received in his native 
home and in college at Phalsbourg. 

At the age of eighteen he left home 
for the United States and landed in 
New York in March, 1848. He was a 
sponge vendor in and about New York 
and on a trip to New Orleans for a 
new supply of sponges he contracted 




Samuel Wolf Levy 



cholera and yellow fever and was very 
ill for some time. He was forced to 
make a trip North as far as St. Louis, 
Missouri, in order to recover his shat- 
tered health. 

When he made the return journey 
to New Orleans the fancy took him to 
embark on a schooner for Chagres, now 
known as Aspinwall. From that point 
he crossed the Isthmus on foot, mer- 
chandising as he proceeded. In Pan- 
ama he resided for a short time, but 
California was his ultimate destina- 
tion and time soon found him on the 
steamer "Tennessee" headed for San 
Francisco. When he arrived here, 



December 31, 1851, the bells of the city 
were ringing out the old year. 

In 1852 Mr. Levy translated the old 
Spanish laws into English for the 
United States courts. After a short 
stay in the mining district of Grass 
Valley he came back to East Oakland, 
at that time called San Antonio, re- 
maining there until 1863. During his 
sojourn there Mr. Levy held the of- 
fice of notary public, under Governors 
John B. Weller, John W. Downey and 
Leland Stanford. When he removed 
to San Francisco he built up one of 
the largest insurance brokerage con- 
cerns on the Pacific Coast. He also 
had a string of stores in partnership 
with Dr. Lengfeld's father, and later 
with Dan Block, which covered five 
towns in close proximity to San Fran- 
cisco. 

Mr. Levy held many positions of 
honor and trust during his lifetime. 
He was president of the Eureka Benev- 
olent Society, president and executive 
officer of the Pacific-Hebrew Orphan 
Asylum for over forty years, taking 
personal care of hundreds of orphans. 
He was a member of the Council of 
Fifteen of the Associated Charities of 
San Francisco. Because of his ad- 
vancing years Mr. Levy was unani- 
mously elected honorary president of 
the Hebrew Orphan Asylum and 
Home Society for life. 

The work, however, which pleased 
him most, and with which his name 
stands foremost, was the Pioneer Kin- 
dergarten. In June, 1878, Dr. Felix 
Adler of New York broached the sub- 
ject to Mr. Levy with the result that 
through his efforts 130 members were 
enlisted, each promising to pay $1 a 
month to help establish the enterprise. 
From that small beginning rose the 
immense structure of the hundreds of 
kindergartens on the Pacific Coast, of 
which due honor and credit is given to 
"Brother Samuel Wolf Levy, the Pa- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



123 



cific Coast pioneer and founder of the 
kindergarten system." Thousands have 
risen up and blessed his name. 

Mr. Levy was a Mason, having risen 
to the honorary rank of knight com- 
mander of the Court of Honor to the 
Supreme Council of the Thirty-third 
Degree of the A. & A. S. Rite of Free- 
masonry for the southern jurisdiction 
of the United States at Washington, 
D. C. in October. 1888. He was elected 
by that Supreme Council to the Thirty- 
third Degree October, 1890, and on 
January 29, 1891, he was coroneted an 
honorary grand inspector-general of 
the Supreme Council. Fourteen of his 
fraternity jewels were burned in the 
fire of 1906. He was elected an active 
member of the Masonic Veteran As- 
sociation of the Pacific Coast April 9, 
1891. He was also a member of exec- 
utive committee and treasurer of the 
Sloat Monument Association of Cali- 
fornia, composed chiefly of officers and 
members of the Masonic Veteran As- 
sociation. He was the only Jew on the 
committee. His picture appeared in the 
"Life of Rear-Admiral John Drake 
Sloat," written by Major Edwin A. 
Sherman. 

In politics Mr. Levy was a Democrat 
for manv vears — afterwards he became 
a Republican. In 1856 he was sent as 
a delegate to the State convention at 
Sacramento from Alameda county. 

On the 6th of December, 1856. he mar- 
ried ^liss Babbette Bloch, and to them 
were born the following children: Mrs. 
William Lewis, Mrs. S. Blum, Mrs. 
Alfred Greenbaum, Mrs. Liebenthal 
and Melville S. Levy. 

In his home life Mr. Levy was a de- 
voted husband and a kind, loving and 
indulgent father. He was a remark- 
able man in every way. He was sweet- 
spirited and gentle, and his loving 
kindness toward young and old knew 
no bounds. 

Mr. Levy died January 27, 1916. 



PHILIP N. LILIENTHAL 

THOUGH nearly eight years have 
passed since "Phil" Lilienthal 
came to an untimely end, the result of 
an automobile accident, there are still 
a host of people in every walk of life 
through the length and breadth of the 
land whose eyes grow moist when 
speaking of him. 

A handsome man he was. Tall and 
imposing, of courtly manner and dis- 




Philip X, • Mlial 

tinguished bearing, possessed of a 
charm that few could withstand, he at- 
tracted attention wherever he went. 
Yet, petted though he was by Nature, 
brilliant though his success, he was 
neither pompous, proud nor lordly. He 
was a man in the noblest sense of the 
term. Jew to the core, his heart 
throbbed in loving sympathy for the 
unfortunate of every creed. Phil 
Lilienthal was not known to be a rich 
man in the sense in which that term is 
usually understood. Great wealth did 
not give him that remarkable promi- 
nence in the civic, business and social 
life of this State and the Nation. It 
was rather his sterling qualities as a 
man and a citizen ; his splendid ability 






124 



WESTERN JEWRY 



as a man of affairs, his fine sense of 
honor, his civic virtues, his love of 
mankind, his innumerable deeds of 
loving kindness — all that and much 
more gave him such a wonderful hold 
upon the people that knew him. De- 
spite his great responsibilities and 
arduous duties, he was intensely demo- 
cratic. Whether it was the seeker of 
advice or assistance, or the merchant 
prince — everybody was welcome. No 
announcement was necessary. His of- 
fice was no sanctum sanctorum of the 
latter-day man of importance. All one 
had to do was to approach his desk — 
in the Anglo-California Bank — the 
simplest piece of furniture in the estab- 
lishment — and state one's business. 
One was ever sure of a hearty greet- 
ing, a kind word. He loved to give 
and do good and the number of his 
benefactions probably will never be 
known. Had he possessed the neces- 
sary ambition he could have had any 
office in the gift of the people of Cali- 
fornia, for he enjoyed the respect and 
affection of all men, and the Repub- 
lican party of this State, through its 
leaders, had approached him time and 
again with a view of becoming their 
standard bearer. But the pomp and 
glitter of political office had no charm 
for him. He was a banker par excel- 
lence and tlie beau ideal of a man. 
When in 1890 persecutions drove hun- 
dreds of thousands of Russian Jews to 
this country Phil Lilienthal with Dr. 
Jacob Voorsanger and others founded 
the Russian Jewish Alliance, and as- 
sisted thousands of people. At tliat 
time he was director in the Union Iron 
Works, and it is common knowledge 
that he procured work for hundreds of 
Russian Jews in that institution. Space 
does not i)ermit the mention of his in- 
numerable deeds. He was ever ready 
to help. God had given him a commis- 
sion and his task was well performed. 
He was born in New York City No- 
vember 4, 18.^0, and was the son of 



Rev. Dr. and Pepi (Nettre) Lilienthal. 
Dr. Lilienthal was one of the most dis- 
tinguished members of the American 
Rabbinate and was foremost in the re- 
form movement. 

Phil Lilienthal was educated in Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, until the age of fourteen, 
when he was employed by Stix 
Krause & Co. of that city and at the 
age of seventeen went to New York, 
where he entered the office of J. W. 
Seligman & Co., the famous firm of 
bankers. Mr. Lilienthal proved an apt 
pupil in the financial school. He rose 
quickly through the different stages of 
clerk, cashier and manager and in 
1869 came to San Francisco to take 
charge of a Seligman bank, which had 
been founded in San Francisco during 
the Civil War. Seeing the opportuni- 
ties here he made an independent move 
for his firm and in 1873 founded the 
Anglo-Californian Bank, Limited, of 
London,' the institution with which he 
had been associated until his death. 
For thirty years he devoted his splen- 
did powers to the strengthening of that 
])ank, sharing his labor for part of that 
time with Ignatz Steinhart, the co- 
manager of the institution. To a man 
as generously endowed as Mr. Lilien- 
thal, the work of the bank became only 
a part of his activities. He interested 
himself in the development of banking 
in this city and throughout the State. 
He founded the Porterville Bank of 
Porterville, Cal., and became its presi- 
dent. He also assisted in establishing 
many other interior banks in most of 
which he held important official positions. 
He was director of the California Title 
Insurance & Trust Coiupany of this city. 
Despite the many claims on his time and 
strength, he found opportunities to 
demonstrate in a practical way his sym- 
pathies as a citizen. No important 
public or semi-public movement in the 
city was ever considered well managed 
unless it had behind it in some capacity 
this resourceful and energetic man. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



125 



He was one of the men who made the 
Midwinter Fair a success. He was for 
some time director of the San Fran- 
cisco Free Library. He was president 
of the Pliilharmonic Society. Member 
of Temple Emanu-El and of all the 
charitable institutions. He was a 
prominent member of the Bohemian, 
Family, Pacific Union, Union League, 
Commonwealth and Argonaut clubs 
and his membership in each meant 
something. In each organization he 
left his mark. Mr. Lilienthal was mar- 
ried December 10, 1879, to Miss Isa- 
bella Seligman, daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. Joseph Seligman of New York. 
There were four children: Joseph L. 
Lilienthal ; Elsie, wife of Dr. Edwin 
Beer of New York ; Philip N. Lilien- 
thal, Jr., and Theodore Max Lilienthal. 



SOL LOEB 

SOL LOEB came to the United 
States when he was a young boy 
of thirteen and settled in the Southern 
States. He was born in Alsace in 




Sol Loeb 

1859. When he lived in New Orleans 
he was associated in business with his 
brother. Subsequently he moved to 
San Francisco. His popularity, due to 
his jovial disposition, his goodness 



of heart, his justness and charity made 
him many friends. He took an in- 
terest in club life and it was his pleas- 
ure to see his friends enjoy themselves. 
Mr. Loeb was a prominent member 
of the Concordia Club and did much 
toward building it up to the highest 
standards. He was an attendant at 
Temple Emanu-El and the Jewish 
charitable organizations knew of his 
kindness in numerous instances. Sol 
Loeb was married in 1897 to Miss Dahlia 
Levy, daughter of H. M. Levy, and two 
children were born to them. Mr. Loeb's 
death occurred in 1908. 



ISAAC MAGNIN 

ISAAC MAGNIN, of coastwise fame, 
came to America from Holland, his 
birthplace, at the age of eight. He was 
born in 1842. His education begun in 
the village schools of his native land, 
was continued through his own efforts 
throughout his life. He was self-edu- 
cated and his natural trend in learning 
was toward languages and literature 
He was a linguist and, after retiring 
from active business, devoted himself to 
social economy and the languages. 

Mr. Magnin'.s early business experi- 
ences were along the lines of merchan- 
dising which ht carried out in Texas 
and New Mtxico. At the breaking out 
of the Civil War he enlisted in the army 
and engaged in many battles. When 
he was mustered out at the close of the 
war he went to England. In London, 
where he remained for a number of 
years, he conducted an art goods store. 
In 1866 he married Miss Mary Ann 
Cohen in London, and to them were 
born Samuel, Mrs. Louis Gassner, Jo- 
seph, \'ictor (deceased), Emanuel, Mrs. 
Myer Siegel, Mrs. Stephen S. Rau and 
Grover A. Magnin. 

On Mr. Magnin's return to the 
United States he came to California 
and settled in Oakland. A small store 
was opened, but subsequently he 



126 



WESTERN JEWRY 



mov(xl to San Francisco, where the 
well-known firm of I. Magnin & Co. 
was established. On his retirement in 
1900, his sons, who had grown capable 
and efficient under their father's guid- 
ance, continued the business. 




Isaac Magnin 

Mr. Magnin was an honorable, up- 
right, honest man ; charitable to a de- 
gree. With his family he displayed his 
happy, sunny disposition, and no man 
who ever lived was more revered by his 
children than was he. Mr. Magnin was 
a Mason of high standing, having joined 
the order in London, a member of Tran- 
quillity Lodge. His death occurred Jan- 
uary 27 , 



1907. 



ABRAHAM MAYFIELD 

ABRAHAM MAYFIELD was born 
in Bebesheim, Darmstadt, Ger- 
many, October 19, 1830. He came to 
the L'nited States as a young boy and 
was educated in Cincinnati and at the 
outbreak of the war was one of the 
first to answer President Lincoln's call 
for help and enlisted in the Fifty-ninth 
Ohio \'olunteers. He served with dis- 
tinction under General Lew Wallace of 



Ben Hur fame, and took part in the 
battles of Bowling Green, Gettysburg 
and in the siege before X'icksburg. At 
the close of the war he moved to Cali- 
fornia and engaged in the wholesale 
crockery business in San Francisco. He 
retired in 1888. He was married on 
August 7, 1870, to Miss Fannie Stark. 
Two children were born to them, Mrs. 
L. M. Kaiser of San Francisco and Col- 
onel JMax Mayfield of Boise, Idaho. 

Abraham Mayfield was one of the 
oldest Odd Fellows in the United 
States, having been a member over 
sixty years and held continual mem- 
bership since his initiation into Ex- 
emplar Lodge No. 210, at Hillsboro, 
Ohio, on August 30, 1853. He became 
a charter member of Calloway Lodge, 




Abraham Mayfield 

No. 105, at Fulton, [Missouri, April 20, 
1857. He was a member of Bay City 
Lodge, and was also a member of the 
Ohabai Shalome Congregation. He 
was a very charitable man, loved and 
respected by everyone as a Jew, gentle- 
man and a citizen. Mr. Mayfield passed 
away in September, 1913. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



127 



DANIEL MEYER 

AMONG the many striking per- 
sonalities that characterized early 
California life, Daniel Meyer occupied 
a prominent place. His busy life as 
a banker and man of affairs did not 
prevent him from acquiring a fount 
of knowledge and education that 
stamped him as a man of culture to 
an unusual degree. He was born 
February 29, 1824, in Sulzburg, Ba- 
varia. In that country he was trained 
in the banking business. In 1842 he 
arrived in New York City and nine 
years later came to San Francisco, 




Deniel Meyer 

where he and his brother, Jonas, en- 
gaged in the tobacco business. In 
1857 the banking firm of Daniel Meyer 
was established, which institution was 
known far and wide as one of the 
strongest private banking institutions 
in the country. He was vice-president 
of the German Savings and Loan So- 
ciety and was connected with many 
large enterprises. He was a man of 
fine character, high ideals and integ- 
rity and was never found wanting in 
the support of charitable enterprises of 
every description. He was one of the 



first large contributors to the Federa- 
tion of Jewish Charities and enjoyed 
the distinction of being the prime 
mover in the reorganization of the orig- 
inal irrigation districts of California. 
Daniel Meyer practiced to a fault the 
noblest attribute of Judaism — charity. 
His personal life was as clean and 
wholesome as his business career was 
straight and honorable. Daniel Meyer 
married Miss Clara Newhouse in 1852. 
He died September 5, 1911, mourned by 
people in every sphere of life, regard- 
less of religious belief. 



JONAS MEYER 

DESPITE his modest and retiring 
nature, Jonas Meyer, like his 
brother Daniel, was a factor in the 
business and financial life of San Fran- 
cisco for many decades. 

Born in Schwabach, Germany, July 
16, 1827, where he received the usual 
village school education, he soon 
evinced a desire to follow the stream 
of humanity westward. After one year 
in Baltimore he joined his brother 
Daniel in San Francisco, where they 
established a tobacco business, which 
by thrift and industry became a profit- 
able venture. Jonas soon became 
known as a clever salesman and splen- 
did business man. In 1857 these ener- 
getic brothers went into the banking 
business, under the name of Daniel 
Meyer. The establishment enjoyed a 
reputation for broadmindedness in its 
relations with its large clientele second 
to none among the private banking in- 
stitutions in California. 

Jonas Meyer was a genial and af- 
fable man and, like his brother Daniel, 
generous to a fault. 

He married Miss Julia Newhouse 
and to them were born the following 
children: Camilla Samson, Mrs. Hat- 
tie Simon, Albert Meyer and Henry 
Meyer. 

Jonas Meyer died August 7, 1882. 



128 



WESTERN JEWRY 



OSCAR MEYER 

OSCAR MEYER was born at For- 
don, Prussia, in the year 1824. 
When but a boy alone and unaided 
he left his home and parents for the 
United States to seek a field for his 
ambition and settled in the State of 
Mississippi in the early forties, engag- 




Oscar Meyer passed away on Sep- 
tember 30, 1894. aged seventy years. His 
widow, Mrs. Bertha Meyer, and nine 
children survive him. 



Oscar Meyer 

ing in merchandising and meeting with 
success. 

In 1851 he with many others emi- 
grated to California, arriving in San 
Francisco on June 21st of that year, a 
passenger on the steamship "Union." 

In 1854 he returned to New York 
City and there married Miss Bertha 
Michelson, returning to San Francisco 
the following year. 

For a time he was engaged in min- 
ing at Murphy's Camp, Calaveras 
county, and there conducted a pros- 
perous business during the stirring 
times of the early mining period of 
that well-known locality. He returned 
to San Francisco in 1863. Here he en- 
gaged in several successful business 
enterprises, and at a later period 
founded a number of large mercantile 
establishments in difTerent parts of the 
State. 



LEWIS MEYERSTEIN 

LEWIS MEYERSTEIN was born 
March 25, 1829, in Germany, and 
died November 26, 1906. He was but 
a young lad when he left his native 
land and subsequently came to Cali- 
fornia, where he made his permanent 
home. His first business conducted in 
San Francisco was a small store on 
Kearny street. New York City claimed 
him for a time, but the lure of the 
West proved stronger and when he re- 
turned he established himself in the 
retail clothing business. This he con- 
tinued in for many years. Later we 
find him in the wholesale and manu- 




Lewis Meyerstein 

facturing business of men's wearing 
apparel, in which he was eminently 
successful. 

Being a keen business man, every- 
thing he became interested in turned 
into profit. It might be said of him 
that he had the touch of a Midas. A 
mercantile store which he established 
in San Bernardino occupied a great 



WESTERN JEWRY 



129 



deal of his time and attention and he 
made frequent trips to the eastern me- 
tropolis, New York, in its interests. 

The Bank of San Bernardino, busi- 
ness connections in Honoluhi and real 
estate in San Francisco were other 
enterprises in which he was engaged. 
He formed the firm of Lewis Meyer- 
stein & Son, taking with him in part- 
nership his son, Alfred L. Meyerstein. 

Miss Jane I. Lilienfeld of San Fran- 
cisco became his wife on September 
1, 1861, and of the children born to 
them the following survive : Alfred L. 
and Mrs. E. L. Rothschild. 

For many years Lewis Meyerstein 
was a member of Dr. Bettelheim's Con- 
gregation and later of Temple Emanu-El. 
He was a man of many friends, out- 
spoken and frank. He was a highly 
intelligent man, an idealist and full of 
loving kindness and charity to all de- 
serving it. 



JOSEPH NAPHTALY 

THOUGH at this writing it is 
nearly si.x years since Joe Naph- 
taly went to his reward, neither his 
good deeds nor his genial personality 
have been forgotten. A lawyer of 
scholarly attainments, he held high 
rank among the legal fraternity of Cali- 
fornia and was in his time foremost 
among the Jewish practitioners here- 
abouts. 

Joseph Naphtaly was born in Prus- 
sia September 29, 1842. His early edu- 
cation was received in the Gymnasium 
of Berlin, and at the age of thirteen 
he came to San Francisco, where he 
attended the public schools. Later he 
entered Yale University, from which 
institution of learning Naphtaly grad- 
uated with the degree of LL. B. Re- 
turning to San Francisco, he entered 
the county clerk's office for a while, 
after which he entered the practice of 
his profession. 

The law firm of Naphtaly, Freiden- 
rich & Ackerman, comprising Joseph 
Naphtaly, David Freidenrich and 
Charles L. Ackerman, was soon or- 



ganized and became in time one of the 
biggest and best known in the State. 

He was a lawyer par excellence and 
enjoyed a lucrative practice. That he 
shared his prosperity with those less 
favored by fortune is known to a host 
of people. He was generous almost to 
a fault and it was often suspected that 
his goodheartedness got the better of 
his judgment. 

Naphtaly was intensely Jewish. For 
many years a director of Temple 
Emanu-El, he rendered that institu- 
tion distinguished service. His breadth 




Joseph Naphtaly 

of view and his desire for sane and 
rational progress in Judaism, as in all 
other things, kept him among the 
leaders in Jewish communal affairs. 
He was a director of the Pacific He- 
brew Orphan Asylum and vice-presi- 
dent of the First Hebrew Benevolent 
Society. He was a Mason in high 
standing and was also affiliated with 
the L O. B. B. and L O. O. F. 

At one time he was a memlier of the 
State Assembly and served in 1869 as 
chairman of the judiciary committee. 
Joseph Naphtaly was married in 1869 
to Miss Sarah Schmitt. Their cliil- 
dren are Mrs. L. B. Feigenbaum and 
Samuel L. Naphtaly. 

He died August 29, 1910. 



130 



WESTERN JEWRY 



HARRIS NEWMARK 

NOT many names of Los Angeles 
merchants or financiers are bet- 
ter known nor more honorably asso- 
ciated with the history of that city's 
commercial development than that of 
Harris Newmark. Born in Loebau, 
West Prussia, on July 5, 1834, the son 
of Philip and Esther (Meyer) New- 
mark, Harris Newmark profited from 
early youth through an intimate asso- 
ciation with a father whose natural 
enterprise and business operations 




Harris Newmark 

enabled him to see a good deal of the 
world. 

Preceded by his brother and an 
uncle, Joseph, who had settled in Som- 
erset, Connecticut, as early as 1830, 
Harris Newmark came to America in 
1853 by way of Gothenberg, Hull and 
Liverpool, arriving in New York in 
due time, and sailing again for San 
Francisco via Nicaragua, he arrived at 
the Golden Gate October 16, 1853. On 
October 21st, a mere youth of nineteen, 
Newmark reached San Pedro on the 
steamer "Goliah," where he was met by 
Phineas Banning, to whom he bore a 
letter of introduction, and who con- 
ducted him to Los Angeles. 



At first Harris clerked for his brother 
in a little store at the southeast corner 
of Main and Requena streets, and when 
in June, 1854, J. P. Newmark sold out, 
Harris Newmark commenced business 
for himself. In a few months he organ- 
ized the firm of Rich, Newmark & Co. 
During 1856 this firm was dissolved, 
after which Mr. Newmark joined his 
uncle Joseph, who had come to Cali- 
fornia two years before, his brother 
and Maurice Ivremer, and together 
thev formed Newmark, Kremer & Co., 
a retail and wholesale business. In 
the fall of 1858 this business was dis- 
solved. Harris Newmark continued 
to sell clothing. About the same time 
Mr. Newmark, who had already dealt 
somewhat in hides, began to invest in 
sheep. In 1861 he abandoned the 
clothing business, which was always 
distasteful to him, and became a com- 
mission broker. In 1865, hearing of a 
threat "to drive every Jew in Los An- 
geles out of business," Mr. Newmark 
speedily made a private agreement 
with Phineas Banning by which the 
cost of hauling merchandise from San 
Pedro was saved and a clear advantage 
over all competitors was thus assured, 
and straightway he established, in the 
Arcadia block, the wholesale grocery 
of H. Newmark & Co., resulting even- 
tually in a luimber of leading rivals, in- 
cluding the one who had made the 
boastful threat retiring altogether from 
business. In 1863 M. A. Newmark, a 
nephew, was encouraged to come to 
California. Two years later Harris 
Newmark removed to New York, 
where he opened an office — soon 
placed in charge of M. J. Newmark, 
later president of the Chamber of Com- 
merce — returning to Los Angeles in 
1868, when one of his partners there 
became ill. During the period of the 
great boom, Harris Newmark joined 
another nephew, Kaspare Cohn. in 
creating the firm of K. Cohn & Co.. 
hide and wool merchants, doing busi- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



131 



ness on Main street, but this firm was 
dissolved in 1896, when Mr. Newmark 
continued to handle hides. In 1906 
Harris Newmark retired from business 
and devoted himself to the manage- 
ment of his estate. 

He assisted in the organization of 
both the Board of Trade and the Cham- 
ber of Commerce, and as a member of 
a committee from that body helped to 
exploit Los Angeles at the Phila- 
delphia exposition. With Kaspare Cohn 
and other associates he bought the 
Repetto rancho, and there later laid 
out the towns of Newmark and Monte- 
bello. Xewmark & Co. also owned the 
Santa Anita rancho, selling the same, 
after negotiations full of interesting de- 
tails, to Lucky Baldwin. 

He was a member of Masonic lodge 
No. 42 and one of the original or- 
ganizers of the Los Angeles Public 
Library. He was for years president 
of the B'nai B'rith congregation, and 
a member of the Archaeological So- 
ciety of America. 

On March 24, 1858. Harris Newmark 
was married to Miss Sarah, the second 
daughter of Joseph Newmark. Eleven 
children were born of this union. Sur- 
viving are three daughters — Mrs. L. 
Loeb, Mrs. J. Loeb, Mrs. Carl Selig- 
man. and two sons — Maurice H. and 
Marco R. Newmark. On April 2h, 
1910. Airs. Xewmark died, beloved, as 
well as esteemed, by all who knew her. 
The site of the Southern California 
Hebrew Orphan Asylum and its ad- 
ministration building commemorates 
her life and work. 

A warm advocate of public libraries, 
Mr. Newmark also served as a patron 
of the Southwest Aluseum and similar 
organizations, while in hours of later 
leisure, though at the age of four score, 
he wrote, as a fitting crown to the full- 
ness of years, the unassuming story of 
his life, entitled "Sixty Years in 
Southern California, 1853-1913," pub- 
lished in 1916. In preparing this work. 



so full of stimulating and familiar 
reminiscences, and constituting, in its 
mass of data, either hitherto unpub- 
lished, or not found collated elsewhere, 
a rather unique collection of Southern 
California, he was assisted by his two 
sons, Maurice H. and Marco R. New- 
mark. 

Air. Newmark died April 4, 1916. 
He was a noble man. who has put the 
imprint of his fine character upon his 
work, especially when the doing of 
charity and good were involved. He 
represented a splendid generation oi 
Jewish thought and activity. Liberal 
in thought, generous in action, thor- 
oughly Jewish in loyalty and hope, his 
deeds and work are a noble testimony 
of the power of the Jewish heart and 

soul. • 

SAMUEL OSTROSKI 

OROMLLE, Cal., was the adopted 
home of Samuel Ostroski. He 
came to the United States when he was 
only a young lad. and the West attract- 



^■ 



-ftV -, 




Samuel Ostroski 

ing so many at that period of time it 
was natural that he should drift to that 
part of the country. 

Samuel Ostroski was born in Prussia, 
in the village of Kempen in 1836 and 



132 



WESTERN JEWRY 



died in San Francisco in 1897. In this 
latter city he was engaged in the gro- 
cery business, but he did not remain 
long in it. He had numerous real estate 
interests and this was his great hobby. 
Mr. Ostroski was a member of Sherith 
Israel Synagogue and very devoted to 
his religion. He was a Mason, a member 
of the I. O. B. B. as well as a great 
worker in Jewish charitable organiza- 
tions, and his good deeds and kind- 
nesses were many. Mr. Ostroski married 
Miss Amelia Harris of San Francisco in 
1875. 



RAPHAEL PEIXOTTO 

AMONG the local workers in the field 
of religion and education, none 
was more prominent in his time or held 
in greater esteem than Raphael Peixotto. 
Raphael Peixotto was born September 
1, 1837, in Willoughby, Ohio, where his 
father, Dr. D. L. M. Peixotto, was at the 
time a practicing physician. The 
Peixottos are an old family of Spanish 
Jewish extraction, whose descent can be 
traced to the expulsion of the Jews from 
Spain in 1492. In or about 1599 Moses 
Peixotto came to Holland, escaping from 
Portugal under tragic circumstances, and 
settled as a merchant in Amsterdam. His 
wife. Donna Esther Peixotto, died in 
1616 and was buried in the then new 
cemetery at Ouderkerk. On the list of 
the married members of the great Portu- 
guese Synagogue, at the time of its dedi- 
cation in 1675, appear the names of the 
brothers, David and Joshia Coen Peix- 
otto. At the beginning of the present 
century the family disappears from the 
register of the Dutch congregation, to 
reappear with renewed brilliancy on the 
records of American Jewish history. 
Moses Levi Maduro Peixotto, a mer- 
chant, left Holland shortly after 1800, 
and subsequently became minister of the 
Portuguese Jewish Congregation, Sher- 
ith Israel of New York City. His son, 
Daniel, commonly known as Dr. D. L. 
M. Peixotto, was born in Holland, but 



at a tender age was brought to this coun- 
try, educated by a noble and highly cul- 
tured mother, and afterwards gained dis- 
tinction as a physician, professor of medi- 
cine and author of many works. He 
died May 13, 1843, at the age of forty- 
three, leaving a large family to mourn 
his loss. Of Dr. Peixotto's sons, Ben- 
jamin F. is perhaps the best known. 
This eminent scion of an ancient house 
has, upon American soil, verified the an- 
cient devotion of his family to Judaism, 
and his history is too well known to be 




Raphael Peixotto 

here elaborated. His younger brother, 
Raphael, the subject of this sketch, was 
six years old when his father died, and 
the contracted fortunes of the family did 
not then enable him to receive any but 
a common school education. The Peix- 
otto orphans had many friends, among 
them a great-souled, highly cultured 
gentlewoman, whose name is synonymous 
with most loving deeds, and who took 
the growing lads under her protection 
thus enabling them to reach man's estate 
with honor to the ancient family name. 
Raphael Peixotto devoted himself to 
the mercantile profession, was married 
in New York in 1863 by the late Isaac 
Lesser and Jacques J. Lyons to Miss 



WESTERN JEWRY 



133 



Myrtilla J. Davis, daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. George A. Davis, and in 1869 came 
to California to build up an honored po- 
sition in the nascent Pacific Common- 
wealth. From that time on Mr. Peixotto 
steadily devoted himself to the improve- 
ment of the San Francisco community. 
Naturally of a retiring disposition, fond 
of leisure and literature, his natural gifts 
and fondness of educational pursuits 
were readily recognized in a community 
at that time not any too rich in workers. 

As president of Temple Emanu-El he 
rendered the cause of Israel distinguished 
service and there are hundreds now 
grown-up men and women prominent in 
every walk of life who, while pupils of 
Emanu-El's Sunday school still remember 
his charming yet sensible little talks to 
the children of the school. 

Raphael Peixotto was a man of stu- 
dious habits and of loving character. The 
late Rev. Dr. Jacob Voorsanger used to 
say of him that "he was a merchant by 
day and a student by night." He passed 
away May 22, 1905, survived by his wife 
(since gone to her reward) and his chil- 
dren, Edgar, Ernest, Sydney, Eustace 
and Dr. Jessica Peixotto, the latter a 
professor at the University of California 
and one of the most distinguished Jew- 
ish women the West has yet produced. 



SAMUEL PEYSER 

SAMUEL PEYSER, who was educated 
to become rabbi, came from Ger- 
many, his birthplace, and settled in Vir- 
ginia City, Nev., in the early fifties. Ill 
health compelled him to leave that com- 
munity and he moved to Susanville, Cal., 
about the year 1857. Here he estab- 
lished a mercantile business and also de- 
veloped other interests in that section of 
the State. Although a keen business 
man, he was too lenient in his business 
relations and trusted everybody. He re- 
tired from active business in 1890. 

Being a man of religious tendencies 
his influence was very great, and he ac- 
complished much good. He was much 



interested in all Jewish afifairs, and dur- 
ing the holidays he acted as rabbi for the 
Jewish community. 

He married his wife (Miss Dora 
Sowloski ) in Boston. Mr. Peyser came 
alone to Virginia City and when he was 
well-established, his wife followed. She 
died in 1892 and of their five children 




Samuel Peyser 

three survive, David Peyser, Mrs. A. 
Bieder and A. L. Peyser. 

Mr. Peyser was a benevolent man and 
always headed the list for any donations 
for whatever cause. He died in San 
Francisco in 1905 at the age of seventy- 
four. He was a member of the Odd 

Fellows. 

JULIUS PLATSHEK 

THE time and place of Julius Plat- 
shek's birth was October 18, 1833, 
Schwersenz, West Prussia. He was 
educated in Germany and for some time 
was engaged in business there. Being 
the sole support of his mother he felt 
that he would like to accomplish more 
than he was able to do in his native 
land, so hearing of the opportunities in 
America he decided to expatriate him- 
self. In 1850 he landed in New York, 
where he remained for three years, then 
filled with the pioneering spirit he came 



134 



WESTERN JEWRY 



West with the great tide of immigrants 
that flowed into California and its gold 
fields. The journey was via the Isthmus 
of Panama, and after many hardships 
this ambitious young man arrived at his 
destination. Before many days he had 
secured a position as clerk, which he held 
until he bettered himself by going into 
the clothing business. This enterprise 
he carried on successfully for a number 
of years. Real estate and its possibili- 
ties interested him to such a degree that 
he spent much of his time learning the 




Julius Platshek 

business from every angle. He became 
one of the best informed men on this sub- 
ject in the West and up until the time 
of his death established real estate 
brokers came to consult him. 

Mr. Platshek continued in his original 
business until 1870, when he made a 
change into the wool business under the 
name of Platshek & Harris, wool, hides 
and skins. Mr. Platshek was enabled 
to retire in 1905 a wealthy man, and from 
that time on he traveled extensively in 
Europe. 

For many years Mr. Platshek was a 
member of Temple Emanu-El, grand 
trustee and grand treasurer of the 
Grand Lodge of the I. O. B. B. for ten 



years. His vast knowledge of real es- 
tate and finance was of great value to the 
institution with which he was associated. 

He was a prominent member of Fi- 
delity Lodge, F. & A. M., a member of 
the Real Estate Exchange of San Fran- 
cisco, of the I. O. O. F. and of many 
Jewish organizations. 

At one time Mr. Platshek was an 
ardent Democrat, but changed over to 
the Republican party because of the 
tariff question. He was a candidate for 
supervisor at one time. Being a man of 
charitable inclinations he was greatly in- 
terested in the Hebrew Orphan Asylum. 
He was a man of the highest integrity. 

In 1859 Julius Platshek was married 
to Miss Lena Rich, a native of his own 
town, and to them two children were 
born, M. J. Platshek, a prominent at- 
torney of San Francisco survives. Mr. 
Platshek died on November 3, 1907. 



EMANUEL HAAS 

THE many French organizations of 
San Francisco owe to Emanuel 
Raas a great debt of gratitude for, 
through his unceasing labors, his fidelity 
and encouragement, they reached the 
prominence they hold today. The French 
Hospital had the distinction of his presi- 
dency. He was also one of the founders 
of that noble institution. The League 
Nationale Francaise, and the French 
Library revere his memory as their 
president and counsellor. In fact, all 
French societies bear the impress of his 
guiding hand. His heart and soul were 
always ready to serve his brethren from 
the motherland. He was equally inter- 
ested in Jewish charities, and held of- 
fices in many of them. Mr. Raas was a 
member of the Ohabai Shalome Con- 
gregation and a member of the I. O. B. 
B. He was also a past master of the 
Masonic order. Mount Zion Hospital 
numbered him as its efficient vice-presi- 
dent and one of its founders. 

Emanuel Raas was born in 1838 in 
Strassburg, France. His education was 



WESTERN JEWRY 



135 



received there and at the age of thirteen 
when he moved to Paris he began his 
business career. In 1860 he came to the 
United States, going to Galveston. 
Tex., a year later. He remained but a 
few months in the South, and then 
moved to San Francisco. Before settHng 
permanently in San Francisco Mr. Raas 
lived for a few years in Northern Ore- 
gon. California appealed more strongly 




Emanuel Raas 

to him, however, and when he took up 
his residence here, he established the 
wholesale woolen house of E. Raas & 
Co. This business grew to such propor- 
tions and he was so successful in han- 
dling it that he was enabled to retire 
from active work in 1892. 

Miss Ernestine Blum of San Fran- 
cisco became his wife in 1869, and their 
children are: Alfred E. Raas, Mrs. 
Henry Gundelfinger of Fresno, Charles 
Raas and Mrs. LeRoy Schlessinger. 
Mrs. Raas, who took an equal interest in 
all Jewish and French matters, and who 
was such an ideal mate to her husband, 
died in 1901. She was noted for her 
works of charity. 

A great-hearted man was Emanuel 
Raas ; true and unswerving in his fi- 
delity to his friends and those dear to 
him. His demise occurred January 25, 
1916. 



HEYMAN RICH 

WHEN Heyman Rich passed to the 
Great Beyond on the 25th of Feb- 
ruary, 1909, there was lost to the Bay 
region of California a good man. His 
goodness consisted of many things. His 
works of charity, his teachings by pre- 
cept and example and his influence for 
good wherever he went will long be felt 
in the community in which he lived. 

He was born in Krosnowitz, Poland, 
May 2, 1835. His education was received 
in the Hebrew schools of that country. 
So faithfully did he apply himself to 
his studies that he became perfected in 
both Hebrew and German languages, 
and became a teacher of those two sub- 
jects. Later when he moved to Ger- 
many he taught school in Hamburg. 

When Mr. Rich came to California via 




Heyman Rich 

the Isthmus, he went direct to a Jewish 
settlement in San Jose. This was in 
1850. Here he engaged in the clothing 
business for many years. Ill health 
caused his removal to San Francisco in 
1900. 

For many years Heyman Rich was 
rabbi of the San Jose Congregation. As 
long as he lived there he assisted in the 
services. He always took an active in- 
terest in all communal and charitable af- 



136 



WESTERN JEWRY 



fairs. Rabbis from many parts of the 
country considered him a wonderful Tal- 
mudic scholar, and he was reputed a 
great reader. The various organizations 
of which he was a member were the I. 
O. B. B., I. O. O. F., A. O. U. W., and 
the Knights of Honor. 

Mr. Rich married Miss Ernestine 
Hirschberg of San Jose in May, 1865. 
The following children were born to 
them: Samuel H., Mrs. M. L. Levy, 
Sophie, Josye, Eugene J. and Arthur M. 



MOSES ROSENBAUM 

A HIGHLY successful business man, 
a man of noble character, a char- 
itable man, a man of parts— this was 
Moses Rosenbaum. When he passed 




man. Through his untiring efforts and 
his innate business ability he succeeded 
where others would have failed. To- 
gether with his brother and Joseph Bran- 
denstein he established the firm of A. S. 
Rosenbaum & Co., which dealt in to- 
bacco. This business developed to a very 
large degree, in fact it became the largest 
of its kind in the West. When Mr. 
Rosenbaum retired from business in 
1877 the firm dissolved. 

At one time Mr. Rosenbaum took an 
active interest in politics and his ability 
was proven when he became the secre- 
tary of the Republican State Central 
Committee. He was an exempt fireman, 
a member of the Howard No. 3 Fire 
Company. 

He was also a member in high stand- 
ing of Temple Emanu-El and of many 
Jewish organizations. He was a Thirty- 
second Degree Mason. Mr. Rosen- 
baum was married to Miss Bertha Kohl- 
berg April 18, 1854. To them were born 
the following children : Virginia Strass- 
burger, Julia Strassburger, Samuel M. 
Rosenbaum, Albert M. Rosenbaum and 
Charles W. Rosenbaum. 



Moses Rosenbaum 

away in San Francisco on the 14th of 
November, 1891, many relatives, friends 
and acquaintances sincerely mourned his 
loss. 

Westphalia, Germany, was his birth- 
place and the date was July 1, 1825. His 
early schooling was obtained in the vil- 
lage schools in his native home. At the 
age of thirteen years he came to Amer- 
ica and it was not until the year of 1850 
that he became a resident of California. 

Moses Rosenbaum was a self-made 



SIGMUND D. ROSENBAUM 

SIGMUND D. ROSENBAUM was a 
native of Bavaria, and born in the 
year 1841. He lived his life from the 
age of thirteen in the United States, but 
returned to' his native land to die, his de- 
mise occurring in Berlin, April 17, 1908. 
From a poor lad he worked his way up 
the ladder of fame and fortune until he 
became a capitalist. With help from no 
one he made his entire fortune single- 
handed. He lived in New York and 
attended night school until he was 
eighteen years of age, being employed 
during the day. 

From that time until he was thirty he 
knew nothing but hard continuous work, 
but at last his efforts were rewarded and 
he was enabled to establish the wholesale 
dry goods firm of Rosenbaum & Fried- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



137 



man in San Francisco. He attended to 
the interests of the firm in New York, 
visiting San Francisco each year. Many 
trips were also made to Europe. 

In 1888 he married Miss Emma 
Fleishhacker of San Francisco. Mr. 
Rosenbaum was a very charitable man, 
not only giving in money but his per- 
sonal attention and valuable time. He 
was a valued member of New York 




his father at the age of sixteen and set- 
tled in Baltimore, Maryland, where he 
also attended school. For a short period 
he was in business with his father there. 
In 1850 he came to San Francisco, where 
he was in business subsequently forming 
the firm of Rosenstock & Price, whole- 
sale boots and shoes. He lived in New 
York and Boston where he attended to 
the eastern end of the business for the 
firm. He returned to San Francisco in 
1872 and when Mr. Price retired from 
the firm the firm name was changed to 
Rosenstock & Co. This firm continued 
for a number of years, after which it was 
dissolved and Mr. Rosenstock retired 
and devoted his time to charities. His 
special interests were the Pacific Hebrew 
Orphan Asylum, the Old People's Home 
and the Eureka Benevolent Society. He 



Sigmunii 1>. Rosenbaum 

and San Francisco charitable organiza- 
tions. In New York his most intimate 
friend was Prof. Felix Adler. Friends 
spoke of Sigmund Rosenbaum as being 
Prof. Adler's right-hand man. 

He was a man of prominence and high 
social standing, a brilliant character, 
with musical tastes and a love for art. 
He was a known art critic. Mr. Rosen- 
baum was a man with many staunch, true 
friends. He was the kind of man that 
made the name of the Jew represent the 
loftiest ideals and set a high standard for 
future generations. 



SAMUEL W. ROSENSTOCK 

SAMUEL W. ROSENSTOCK was 
born in Bavaria February 25, 1832. 
He was educated in the schools of Ba- 
varia and came to the United States with 




Samuel W. Rosenstock 

was trustee of the Pacific Hebrew 
Orphan Asylum and vice-president of 
that organization at the time of his 
death, which occurred on the 1st of April, 
1902. He was a member of the board 
of trustees of the Eureka Benevolent 
Society in 1859 and again from 1889 to 
1891, and from 1893 up to the time of 
his death in 1902. He was also a mem- 
ber of the board of directors of Temple 
Emanu-El. 



138 



WESTERN TEWRY 



Samuel W. Rosenstock was one of the 
broadest minded men from a charitable 
standpoint as his will testifies, for no 
charity was overlooked. All charities, 
regardless of creed were remembered by 
him. His integrity was unquestioned 
and his kindness never doubted. He was 
a man of gentle character, thoughtless of 
himself, with ever a kind word and a 
good deed for his fellow-men. He was a 
man of culture and refinement, and an 
ideal type of a Jew — one of which the 
race is proud. He was married in New 
York to Miss Sarah Leventritt of South 
Carolina, who survives him. One daugh- 
ter (Hilda), Mrs. J. R. K. Nuttall, was 
born to them. 



MEYER RUEF 

ALSACE, France, was the birthplace 
of Meyer Ruef in 1835. In his na- 
tive country he received a very good 
education. He served in the army his 
allotted time, and when he married 
Miss Alice Adele Hirsch in 1862 the 
spirit of emigration overtook the young 
couple and the following year they 
made the voyage to the United States. 
California was their ultimate destina- 
tion and in due course of time they 
arrived in San Francisco via the Isth- 
mus. 

The "City of Strassburg," a dry goods 
store, was established which continued 
for many years in prosperity. When he 
retired from that firm he engaged in the 
real estate business until he ceased from 
active life in 1890 to enjoy the fruits of 
his labor. 

Meyer Ruef was an amiable man, 
sympathetic and scrupulously honest. He 
was an honored and welcomed member 
in a number of societies and fraternal 
orders, among them the I. O. O. F., a 
delegate to the grand lodge several 
times, a director of the French Hospital 
for a number of years, a member of the 
Bush Street Temple and of the Eureka 
Benevolent Society. 



His family life was very happy, he 
and his beloved wife in the fifty-two 
years of their married life were never 
separated from each other for twenty- 
four hours. To their children they gave 
the best education that his means could 
afiford. Mr. Ruef was a great lover of 
literature, and a constant reader in Eng- 
lish, French and German. At his beau- 
tiful home on Pierce street, where he 
lived with great enjoyment, he had the 
only producing orchard in San Fran- 
cisco. He passed away in December, 
1914, survived by his wnfe and three 
children, Abraham, Henrietta and 

Louise. 

LIPPMAN SACHS 

THE world of religion, philanthropy 
and education no less than the bus- 
iness world sustained a severe loss 
when the subject of this sketch passed 




Lippman Sachs 

away. Lippman Sachs' career in Cali- 
fornia from the time when as a young 
man he emigrated to this State from 
Germany until his demise was a shining 
example of intelligent industry, up- 
rightness of character and honorable 
endeavor. Success never turned his 
head. "Lip," as he was fondly called 
bv his numerous friends and associates. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



139 



was ever simple and unassuming in his 
intercourse with the world. 

As president of Congregation Emanu- 
El, the Eureka Benevolent Society and 
an active supporter of numerous phi- 
lanthropic organizations, he rendered 
distinguished services. In public life, 
he made his influence felt, especially as 
a supervisor under Mayor Edward R. 
Taylor. He was one of the most es- 
teemed members of the first San Fran- 
cisco Freeholders' Convention. Mr. 
Sachs built up large business enter- 
prises. In 1865 he came to San Fran- 
cisco and became a member of the firm 
of Schweitzer, Sachs & Co., wholesale 
dry goods. The name of the firm was 
afterwards changed to that of Sachs 
Bros. He was a kind and gentle soul, 
and had a good word for everybody. 
He was a Mason in high standing and 
supported all the Jewish charitable or- 
ganizations. "Lip" Sachs died June 12, 
1912, at the age of seventy-four, sur- 
vived by his wife, Mrs. Mary ( Liber- 
muth) Sachs and his three children, 
Mrs. Belle Heller, Mrs. Albert Baruch 
and Amson Sachs. 



LOUIS SACHS 

AMONG the early presidents of 
Temple Emanu-El, who labored 
so loyally and energetically in its 
cause, Louis Sachs occupies a con- 
spicuous position. Born in Bavaria, 
Germany, September 19, 1820, Mr. 
Sachs, in 1853, joined the men of cour- 
age and enterprise who were making 
history in California. As a merchant 
and a man of afifairs he enjoyed a repu- 
tation for honesty and personal recti- 
tude second to none in the community 
he helped to build up. Always inter- 
ested in the well-being of Judaism, he 
became president of Temple Emanu-El 
in 1862, serving the institution until 
1866 with an intelligence and devotion 
that endeared him to all with whom 
he came in contact. He lived to see 
the congregation completely out of 



debt and to rejoice in the admission 
of a new generation to the usefulness 
of membership. Though pre-eminently 
a man of peace and retiring disposi- 
tion, he was nevertheless an intelligent 
participant in public affairs. He served 
one term as a member of the board of 




Louis Sachs 

regents of the University of Califor- 
nia and was honored by his colleagues 
for his sagacity and sound judgment. 
He died at the age of seventy, much 
lamented and regretted. Louis Sachs 
was the father of Sanford Sachs, the 
well-known capitalist and real estate 

operator. 

MAX SALZMAN 

FABIAN and Dora Littwitz Salzman 
were the parents of Max Salzman. 
He was born in Germany on January 
17, 1859. In the year 1882 he emi- 
grated to the L'nited States and lived for 
one year in Stanton, Mich. The follow- 
ing year he moved to Holbrook. Ariz., 
and went into business there for a short 
time, and from that point he moved to 
Springerville. Here he engaged in busi- 
ness and acted as justice of the peace of 
Apache county. Subsequently he moved 
to Flagstaff, Ariz., where he established 
a mercantile business. In 1894 he moved 



140 



WESTERN JEWRY 



to Williams, Ariz., where he took up his 
residence, engaging in the mercantile 
business until his departure for Los An- 
geles, Cal., in 1903. In December 17, 
1883, he married Miss Natalie Schramm 
at Springerville, Ariz. Their son, Mau- 
rice, is an attorney in Los Angeles. 

During the years spent at Williams, 
Ariz., his business operations were ex- 
tensive. He was one of the prime factors 




Max Salzman 

in the building of the Grand Canyon 
Railroad from Williams to the Grand 
Canyon of Arizona. At this time he 
operated simultaneously stores at Maine, 
Williams, Ashfork and Seligman. Max 
Salzman was the first person in the 
United States to engage actively in the 
eflfort of drawing the Government's at- 
tention to the necessity of conserving the 
natural resources of the country. He 
spent time, energy and money in the 
work that has since grown to such great 
proportions. No man in the whole of 
the United States was more eagerly in- 
terested in this than was Max Salzman, 
and his name should be blazoned in high 
places that due credit be given his 
memory. 

In the mercantile world his ref utation 
for integrity was of the highest. It was 



often said that Max Salzman had the 
West's characteristic kind of honesty that 
could "Look every man square in the 
eye." His disposition was kind and 
gentle. As a devoted husband and a 
loving, indulgent father his equal was 
hard to find. Everyone who came in con- 
tact with this sweet-spirited man were 
made all the better for it, and the friends 
he made and kept were legion. 

His demise occurred July 8, 1915, at 
Detroit, Mich., where he had gone for a 
short visit. 

He was a member of Los Angeles 
Lodge, No. 487, I. O. B. B., and Ma- 
sonic bodies Scottish Rite, Thirtieth De- 
gree. . 

LOUIS SAMTER 

A FRIEND once said of Louis Samter 
that his greatest characteristics 
were gentleness, real kindness and a de- 
sire to do charity without ostentation 




Louis Samter 

Everything he did was done quietly but 
with force behind it. 

Prussia, which was the birthplace of 
so many of the prominent Jewish citizens 
of California, also claimed Louis Samter 
as one of her sons. He was born in 
1854 and passed away in 1908. Miss 
Hannah Fisher of St. Louis became his 



WESTERN JEWRY 



141 



bride in 1873 and to them were born one 
daughter, Florence, and three sons, 
Samuel L., Leonard O. and Maurice L. 
Mrs. Samter died in 1910. 

Louis Samter came to the United 
States while he was still a boy, settling 
in St. Louis, Missouri, where he entered 
a business career. He and his brother 
built up a large wholesale clothing busi- 
ness. They continued in this until the 
year 1888, when Louis decided to move 
to Memphis, Tenn. In 1899 the family 
came West and settled in San Francisco. 
Mr. Samter and his growing sons then 
established a manufacturing business 
under the firm name of L. Samter & 
Sons. This developed rapidly into a 
very lucrative enterprise, for Mr. Samter 
was a careful, conservative man in all his 
dealings. Outside interests increased in 
the same ratio, as a result of the judicious 
and rational methods he employed. 

Louis Samter belonged to the Jewish 
congregations of St. Louis and Memphis, 
Tenn., during his residence there, and 
he was also a member of Temple 
Emanu-El, San Francisco, the Independ- 
ent Order of B'nai B'rith, Free Sons of 
Israel, Knights of Pythias and the 
Knights of Honor. All bore the revered 
name of Louis Samter on their honor 

role. 

DAVID SAMUELS 
TWaVID SAMUELS was born De- 
-L'-^ cember 26, 1832, in Germany. His 
ear!y education was obtained in the land 
of his birth. At the age of thirteen he 
came to America and went to New Or- 
leans where he lived for a short period. 
New York was his next place of resi- 
dence and it was here he married Miss 
Mathilda Freund in May. 1863. David 
Samuels and his wife were blessed with 
eight children, all of whom are living. 
Their names are: Mrs. S. Hausman, Mrs. 
J. M. Willard, Mrs. I. S. Foorman, Mrs. 
A. L. Fisher, J. L. Samuels, M. B. Sam- 
uels, A. M. Samuels and L. T. Samuels. 

In 1850 Mr. Samuels came to San 



Francisco. He founded a great dry 
goods firm known far and wide as "Sam- 
uel's Lace House." One of his many 
admirable traits was his wonderful kind- 
ness to everyone with whom he came in 
contact. His employes worshipped him 




David Samuels 

and, although he avoided publicity in all 
his acts of charity, he was known by 
many for the help he had given. 

i\Ir. Samuels was a Mason and a mem- 
ber of Temple Emanu-El. His demise 
occurred July 3, 1907. 



SIMON SCHEELINE 

SIMON SCHEELIXE will be long 
remembered by a host of relatives, 
friends and acquaintances throughout 
the State of California for his many 
good traits of character, but chiefly be- 
cause of his happy, sunny disposition. 
Everyone who knew him loved him. He 
was kind, generous and whole-hearted, 
always the same, ever ready to rejoice 
with one's good fortune and to grieve 
with his friends in their time of sorrow. 
He was born in 1840 in Bavaria, and 
received his education in Germany. At 
the age of fourteen he came to the 
United States and settled in Gibsonville, 
Sierra county, Cal. In 1871 he returned 



142 



WESTERN JEWRY 



to New York to marry Miss Henrietta 
Heydecker and brought her back to the 
Golden West, where he was associated 
in business with his brother Nathan. 

A few years later they moved to Sum- 
mit, Plumas county, and opened up a 
store there. At one time he and his 
brother operated three stores. In 1875 
Mr. Scheeline came to San Francisco 




Simon Scheeline 

with his family, and the following year 
with Adolph Roos and Joseph Roth 
founded the firm of Roth & Co.. whole- 
sale liquors. He developed this busi- 
ness to a great extent, and remained 
actively engaged in it up to the time of 
his death. Much travel was necessary 
to extend the firm's business, and every- 
where he went he made many friends. 

Mr. Scheeline was a member of 
Temple Emanu-El and the ^Masonic 
order, the Argonaut Club and at one 
time a member of the Concordia Club. 
The many Jewish charities which abound 
in San Francisco all had the name of 
Simon Scheeline enrolled as a member. 

Mrs. Scheeline is still living, and of 
the seven children born to them the fol- 
lowing five survive : Edwin S. Scheeline, 
Mrs. Sam Hirschfelder, Lester Schee- 
line, Harold Scheeline and Mrs. Leland 
Rosener. 

Simon Scheeline passed away in 1901. 



BENJAMIN SCHLOSS 

HE was kind to every one. What 
more need be said of one than this ? 
To have been kind was greater than to 
have had it said he had great riches. 
This gentle, sympathetic, warm-hearted, 
Benjamin Schloss was a native of Reck- 
endorf, Germany, and born September 
21, 1829. 

He received an excellent education and 
was well equipped for the battles of Hfe 
when he came to the United States. His 
business career began in the employ of 
his brothers, Phil and Moses, the firm 
name being Schloss Bros., importers, of 
Albany, New York. He came to Cali- 
fornia later and remained a short time 
in San Francisco. From 1862 to 1864 
he was in business in Victoria. B. C. 
After that year he lived in the East until 
1877, then removed to San Francisco and 
remained there, engaging in the insur- 




Benjamin Schloss 

ance brokerage business until the time 
of his death. 

Miss Josephine Cerf of Cincinnati be- 
came the wife of Benjamin Schloss Sep- 
tember 5, 1855. and bore him seven chil- 
dren, the names of those surviving being 
as follows : Mrs. Theodore Rothschild 
of San Francisco and Leonard B. Schloss 
of Washington, D. C. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



143 



Mr. Schloss, whose demise occurred conservative in his relations with oth- 
November 14, 1913, was one of the orig- ers and had high standards, which he 
inal members of Temple Emanu-El, one lived up to. In 1861 he married Miss 



of the founders of the Pacific Hebrew 
Orphans' Home, and at one time presi- 
dent of the Eureka Benevolent Society. 
He was the only honorary member of 
the last named society. Upon Dr. Elkan 
Cohn's arrival in San Francisco, Mr. 
Schloss was one of the committee to wel- 
come him. Fraternal orders of which 
he was an honored member were the 
Masonic, the Free Sons of Israel and 
the Knights of Honor. His charities 
were many and he always evinced inter- 
est in Jewish affairs. 



Sarah Lehrberger in Portland, Ore., and 
children born to them are: Louis A., 



ABRAHAM SCHWABACHER 

ABRAHA^I SCHWABACHER was 
born in Zirndorf, Bavaria, Ger- 
many. He came to the United States 
as a young man and soon after located 
in Washington Territory where he estab- 
lished a store in Walla Walla, in 1861. 
Later he established a chain of stores 
in ^^'ashington together with his broth- 
ers, Louis and Sigmund. The firm of 
Schwabacher Brothers was formed, and 
this firm has since been known from 
one end of the LTnited States to the 
other as one of the strong mercantile 
firms of the \\'est. Its success was 
largely due to the combined efforts of 
the three brothers, who stood together. 
Subsequently, they moved to Califor- 
nia, still retaining their interests in 
W'ashington, and established a milling 
business. Abraham Schwabacher was 
one of the best-known men and en- 
joyed the affection and esteem of all 
classes. His success in life did not af- 
fect his modest demeanor and simple 
manners. He was charitable to a fault 
and actively connected with many be- 
nevolent associations in California and 
Washington. He was a director of 
Temple Emanu-El at one time and also 
a director of the Eureka Benevolent vSo- 
cietv. He was a shrewd business man. 




Abraham Schwabacher 

Jennie Rosenbaum, Mina Eckstein, Sam- 
uel I. and Edgar B. 

Abraham Schwabacher's demise oc- 
cuned on the seventh day of Septem- 
ber, 1909. 

LUDWIG SCHWABACHER 

THE life of successful men is often 
characterized by a superior at- 
titude towards those whose limited 
capabilities did not bring the reward 
hoped for. Ludwig Schwabacher. the 
subject of this sketch, was singularly 
free from the pretensions and ostenta- 
tion often found in men who have suc- 
ceeded in life. 

He was born in Offenbach, Germany, 
in 1847. Being possessed of a first- 
class education and the determination 
to make the most of his opportunities, 
he located in California in the early 
vO's. He soon found an outlet for his 
youthful energies by identifying him- 
self with commercial enterprises of im- 
portance. He was vice-president and 
general manager of the Crown Colum- 



144 



WESTERN TEWRY 



bia Pulp & Paper Company, with mills 
in Oregon. He became a director of 
the Floriston Pulp & Paper Company ; 
one of the largest stockholders of the 
Great Western Power Company; direc- 
tor of the City Electric Company, Para- 
fifine Paint Company, Truckee River 
General Electric Company and was in- 
terested in many other enterprises of 
great industrial and financial impor- 
tance. His sagacity and business 




Ludwig Schwabacher 

acumen were greatly admired ])y his 
associates, while his humblest employe 
often turned to him for counsel in their 
private affairs with the utmost confi- 
dence. In the domestic, social and 
charitable phases of his life he was 
equally -kind, thoughtful and modest. 
He was a valued member of Congre- 
gation Emanu-El and gave unstinted 
support to all the Jewish charitable 
institutions. His attitude towards the 
poor and needy was one of sympathetic 
solicitude and he gave and helped the 
worthy with truly Jewish liberality 
and without ostentation. Among men 
of affairs he occupied a distinguished 
position and was often consulted by 
them on account of his splendid ex- 
ecutive ability. 

Ludwig Schwabacher married Miss 



Carrie Fleishhacker, daughter of the 
late Aaron Fleishhacker of San Fran- 
cisco, in 1882. His wife survives him, 
as well as his two sons, James H. and 
Albert. He died January 27, 1912. 



JACOB SCHWEITZER 

TO Joseph and Rachel Auerbach 
Schweitzer, in Altdorf, Germany, 
in 1833, was born a son whom they 
named Jacob. They were able to give 
him an excellent education and prop- 
erly equip him for the battle of life. 
When Jacob was fifteen he came to the 
United States, and for a short time re- 
sided in New York, and later in East- 
ern Pennsylvania. 

In about 1852 he drifted with the 
long line of gold-seekers to California. 
He established himself in business at 
Comanche Camp, in the mining dis- 




Jacob Schweitzer 

trict. As the tide turned he moved to 
Windsor, and finally in 1859, he went 
to San Francisco, where with Leon 
Blum and Isaac Levy he established 
a wholesale butcher business, which 
was very successful. 

He was married in New York, and 
was the father of eight children, all of 
whom survive. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



145 



Mr. Schweitzer was a member of the 
Congregation Emanu-El, and of sev- 
eral Jewish charitable organizations. 
His deeds of charity and kindness were 
done in such a quiet way that none 
but the recipient knew of his good- 
ness. The young people of his ac- 
quaintance loved him and he made 
many friends because of his happy, 
jovial disposition. He was a member 
of the Masonic bodies, and one of the 
builders of the Concordia Club. 

Mr. Schweitzer's death occurred in 
1898. 

JACOB H. SELLER 

THE world often attributes certain 
characteristics to the members of 
the "House of Israel," which are not 
always founded on facts. It can not 
be gainsaid, however, that a love for 
education is probably more strongly 
developed among Jews than among 
other races. Jacob H. Seller was an 
instance in point. One of the first 
things that he did when prosperity 
crowned his efforts was to take his 
children to Europe with a view of fur- 
nishing them with every possible op- 
portunity for an education. That he 
has been eminently successful in this 
regard is evidenced by the fact that 
his nine surviving children are splen- 
did exemplars of cultured and refined 
men and women. 

Jacob Seller was born in 1825 in Ba- 
varia, Germany, and after moving to the 
United States as a young man, he re- 
sided in the East for some time. Later 
he located on the Pacific Coast and 
established in Portland, Ore., with his 
brother, Joe Seller, a wholesale dry 
goods business. Subsequently he 
moved to San Francisco, where, wnth 
his brother and E. L. Goldstein, he 
established a wholesale grocery busi- 
ness. 

When his children grew old enough 
he disposed of his interests and took 
his family to Europe. Twelve years 



later Mr. Seller returned to San Fran- 
cisco, where he spent his remaining 
years assisting in the growing business 
interests of his sons. All his leisure 
time was devoted to philanthropic 
work. He was one of the organizers 
of Congregation Emanu-El, and both 
Mrs. Seller and himself took an active 
part in raising funds for the temple. 
He not only liberally supported the 
Eureka Benevolent Society, First He- 
brew Benevolent Society, Pacific He- 
brew Orphan Asylum and other Jew- 
ish charities with his money, but he 




Jacob H. Seller 

rendered these institutions personal 
service, which enhanced their material 
welfare to an appreciable extent. He 
was a respected member of the 
Masonic Order, and was ever active in' 
movements for the uplift of his fel- 
lows. 

Jacob H. Seller married Miss Sophie 
Kahn in Bavaria. Of their ten chil- 
dren the following survive: Frederick, 
Henry, Mrs. Minnie Weil, Mrs. Adele 
Feigenbaum, Sanford Elkan, Estelle, 
Mrs. Morris Frank, Arthur and Mrs. 
Florence Levy. 

He died May 21, 1904, at the ripe 
old age of seventy-nine. 



146 



WESTERN JEWRY 



SIMON SILVERBERG 

ONE remark which was often on 
his Hps marks tlie character of 
Simon Silverberg: "I would rather 
put something into some one else's 
pocket than keep it in my own." 

This unselfishness, together with his 
devotion to his family, to his religion 




Simon Silverberg 

and to many organizations of charity, 
surely won for him a place among the 
righteous. 

Simon Silverberg was born in Han- 
over, Germany, in 1832, emigrated to 
the United States in 1849, and came to 
California, settling in San Francisco in 
1852. He was married to Miss Jeanette 
Bachman in 1860, and the following 
children were born to them : Joseph 
Silverberg, Mrs. ]\Iaurice Schweitzer. 
Mrs. J. J. Mack (deceased), Arthur 
Silverberg, Mrs. Meiner, Dr. Melville 
Silverberg and Irvin Silverberg. 

His education, begun in Germany, 
was augmented by deep reading and 
study all through his life. He gained 
renown by his public speaking. 

When Simon Silverberg came to the 
West, he spent some time in the min- 
ing district of the Frazier River coun- 



he established himself in the wholesale 
butcher business, and continued in it 
until his retirement in 1900. A num- 
ber of other interests in Arizona 
brought him valuable returns. Mr. 
Silverberg was successful because of 
his ambition. He conscientiously de- 
voted his whole time and energy to 
whatever was entrusted to him. 

His public spirit placed him at the 
head of whatever organization he be- 
came a member of. He was a charter 
member of Temple Emanu-El, a char- 
ter member of Mount Zion Hospital, 
and active in the management of the 
Widows" and Orphans' Fund of the 
Masonic order, and was ever active in 
nevolent Society. His demise occurred 
in October, 1905. 



EPHRAIM SIMON 

EPHRAIM SIMON was born in 
Germany in 1837. As a very 
young boy he emigrated to America 
and in the course of time reached Cali- 




Ephralm Simon 

fornia, and settled in the La Grange 
country, near Alerced. His first ven- 
ture into the business world was mer- 
chandising. In his travels about the 



try. After locating in San Francisco country he was enabled to purchase 



WESTERN JEWRY 



147 



choice pieces of land here and there. 
Around Fresno, especially, he made ex- 
cellent selections. 

Retaining his interests in the in- 
terior, he moved to San Francisco and 
became the senior member of the wool 
and commission firm of Simon & 
Manasse, and was in this business un- 
til death called him in 1908. 

Mr. Simon's business success was 
little short of wonderful. His afifabil- 
ity, sense of justice and honor, won 
him many friends, and his works of 
charity placed him in high esteem by 
all who knew of him. He was mar- 
ried in 1873 to Miss Esther Seeligsohn in 
San Francisco, and to them were born 
the following children : Julian E., Dr. 
Martin E. and Blanche. 



LOUIS SLOSS 

THE life record of a pure man not 
only deserves publication, but a 
chronicle of its details is a paramount 
duty. Youth needs examples to form 
its character, and the story of Louis 
Sloss furnishes just such an example. 
Strength of character is inherent, but 
circumstances may bring out latent 
force, an illustration of which we have 
in the record of the builders of our Cali- 
fornia commonwealth. The early chap- 
ters of that illustrious story indicate the 
great potency, the still greater possibili- 
ties of the men who created the fairest 
of States on the Pacific Slope. Massed 
together from all parts of the world, the 
labors of each man were typical of the 
energies of his race, and Providence 
seemed to have brought together the best 
elements of every nation. Among the 
foremost representatives of the German- 
Jewish element that contributed so ma- 
terially to the upbuilding of California 
and her varied industries, we place the 
name of the founder of the Alaska Com- 
mercial Company, Louis Sloss, a citi- 
zen whose life presents many sides of 
study and whose example has been an 



inspiration to the young men of San 
Francisco and the Coast. 

Louis Sloss was of German extrac- 
tion. Born July 13, 1823, in the village 
of L'ntereisenheim, near Wurzberg, in 
Bavaria, he spent the greater part of 
his busy life in the United States. The 
youngest of a family of five children, two 
brothers and three sisters, he suffered 
the misfortune of losing his father at 
the tender age of four, and his mother 
when he was but ten years old. The 
Sloss family shared all the hardships of 
the Jewish villagers of Bavaria, which 




Louis Sloss 

country kept the restriction laws against 
the Jews on its statutes until 1848. Still, 
the Sloss family found no difficulty in 
obtaining a good grammar school edu- 
cation, which was satisfactorily comple- 
mented by religious teachings. Leaving 
the grammar school, Louis Sloss was 
compelled to strike out for himself. His 
parents had left him nothing, and he 
and his elder brother had virtually no 
one to whom they could look for sup- 
port or guidance. He became a clerk 
in a country store, and eked out an ex- 
istence until the forces inherent in him 
prompted him to seek a happier life and 
better fortune in the New Country. 
It is a subject of absorbing interest to 



148 



WESTERN JEWRY 



students of history to ascertain, as far 
as possible, the reasons that prompted 
strong men like Louis Sloss to come to 
the United States. A man's success in 
life is not always the result of an acci- 
dent or a concurrence of fortunate cir- 
cumstances. Strength of character, the 
awakening of dormant energies, and the 
possession of civic virtues have much to 
do with it. A man's youth is generally 
the index to his future. What is of pe- 
culiar interest in determining the subtle 
influences that moved so intrepid a pio- 
neer as Louis Sloss is the fact that, 
though but a mere stripling of twenty 
when he left Germany, he had already 
determined to be menial to no man. and 
no matter in how small a way, to be "his 
own boss." Such young strength, born 
of mental ruggedness and pertinacity, is 
apt to discern fortune at its flow, and 
make a bold strike for it. It works 
hardship at first, for fortune is both coy 
and fickle ; but persistence, patience and 
love of honorable occupation will conquer 
her, if the champion be mentally en- 
dowed to enter the lists. The success 
of an honorable merchant like Louis 
Sloss lies then, not in the bold enter- 
prises his business capacity enabled him 
to set on foot, but in the mental and 
moral make-up of the man himself, an 
endowment with qualities and character- 
istics absolutely necessary for the inaug- 
uration of great tasks. These qualities 
are born with us, and need opportunity 
for development. 

Louis Sloss landed in the United 
States in 1845 and settled in Maxwell. 
Kentucky. The staid Kentucky town of- 
fered little inducement to his enterpris- 
ing spirit, and accordingly he looked 
about for more favorable opportunities. 
Attracted by reports from the gold coun- 
try, he crossed the plains on horseback 
in 1849, his companions being Dr. Mac- 
donald and the late Judge Swift. Mr. 
Sloss located in Sacramento, then the 
principal center of the new mining in- 
terests, and with Simon Greenwald, one 



of his lifelong partners, established the 
mercantile house of Louis Sloss & Co. 
Sacramento was then virtually the prin- 
cipal town in the State, and men gath- 
ered there from whose ranks graduated 
the State's illustrious citizens. Among 
them the subject of this sketch occupied 
a conspicuous position, not only as a pro- 
gressive merchant, but as an exponent 
of that citizenship that since then has 
made the name of Louis Sloss honored 
in California. In 1851 Lewis Gerstle 
joined the partners and the fortunes 
of the house grew apace. Mr. Sloss, 
always an ardent Israelite, gifted with 
an insight into the forces that should 
move his religion and race to high 
places of honor and usefulness, be- 
came the Parnass of the new Jewish 
congregation of Sacramento, a position 
he soon resigned because of the growing 
demands on his time and energy. In 
1860 the firm moved to San Francisco, 
and from that time dates its eminent 
position among the mercantile houses of 
the Ignited States. In 1868 the Alaska 
Commercial Company was organized, 
and its stupendous business transac- 
tions, ramifying throughout the world, 
can find no place in this personal sketch, 
which is designed to do honor to the man 
and citizen rather than to the merchant. 
Louis Sloss exhibited a fondness 
for politics in the best sense of the word. 
His political creed stood on the highest 
plane of honorable citizenship. Duty to 
God and country meant the same thing 
to him. Louis Sloss never cared for 
and never occupied a political office, ex- 
cept in the national campaign of 1868, 
when he was an elector on the national 
Republican ticket, which resulted in the 
seating of General Grant in the presi- 
dential chair. The only semi-public of- 
fice Mr. Sloss held was that of treasurer 
of the University of California. When 
the Society of California Pioneers or- 
ganized, Mr. Sloss was one of its found- 
ers, and subsequently became its presi- 
dent. That position alone explains the 



WESTERN JEWRY 



149 



judgment of his contemporaries regard- 
ing his career. 

There is no better instance amongst 
us of a Hfe. the harmony of which was 
so conspicuous. His character was 
molded in a heroic cast. He was pre- 
eminently a man to look up to, to learn 
from, to ask advice of, and yet there was 
no more modest, humble, or unostenta- 
tious man in San Francisco than the 
president of the great Alaska Commer- 
cial Company. 

Louis Sloss was married in Philadel- 
phia, in July, 1855, to Miss Sarah 
Greenebaum, and to them were born five 
children, Mrs. E. R. Lilienthal, Leon, 
Louis, Joseph and Judge M. C. Sloss. 

During his life he was connected with 
many public, civic and charitable organi- 
zations, was one of the trustees of the 
public library, member of Temple 
Emanu-El and all the various Jewish or- 
ganizations. 

Louis Sloss died at his home in San 
Rafael June 4, 1902. With . his death 
the community lamented the passing of 
one of California's noblest Jews. 



ISRAEL SOLOMON 

"'TT^HE good that men do lives after 
A them" — so said the bard whose 
native land was also that of the subject 
of this sketch, Israel Solomon. In all 
truth this can be said of him as those 
who knew him well can testify. 

Israel Solomon was born in London, 
England, December, 1811; the son of 
John Solomon, a prosperous English 
shipping merchant and trader. He re- 
ceived a thorough education, and be- 
ing an only child, he was made much 
of by his parents, and when later he 
emigrated first to Australia and later to 
the United States, they were either with 
him or following close behind. In De- 
cember, 1832, he was married in London 
to Miss Sarah Phillip. Shortly after this 
event he went to Australia, with which 
country his father was doing a great 
deal of business. His parents very 



shortly followed, and they remained in 
Sydney until 1849, when, hearing of the 
California gold rush he came to Cali- 
fornia, returning the following year for 
his family and a shipload of supplies 
consisting mainly of coal and miners' 
equipment and of cloth to be sold to the 
miners. So keen was his foresight that 
he brought also a house complete, which 
was taken down and re-erected in San 
Francisco on Montgomery and Pacific 
streets. He made several voyages to 
Australia, and subsequently his parents 
arrived here and son and father con- 
ducted their extensive business in San 
Francisco. 

The early chapters of the illustrious 




Israel Solomon 

history of California indicate the great 
potency, the still greater possibilities of 
the men who created the fairest of States 
on the Pacific Slope. Massed together 
from all parts of the world, the labors 
of each man were typical of the energies 
of his race, and Providence seemed to 
have brought together the best elements 
of every nation. Among the foremost 
representatives of the British element 
that contributed to the building of this 
State, the name of Solomon is of the 
highest rank. 

Mr. Solomon, a very ardent Jew, 



150 



WESTERN JEWRY 



gifted with an insight into the forces 
that should move his rehgion and race 
to high places of honor and usefulness, 
was one of the organizers of Sherith 
Israel Congregation. He was the first 
Parnass' of that synagogue. He was in- 
tensely religious and took an active in- 
terest in all affairs Jewish. 

Mr. Solomon during the whole of his 
honorable, useful life remained true to 
the aspirations of his early manhood. He 
was the highest type of a Jew; simple, 
unassuming, unpretentious. 

Of his twelve children, eleven daugh- 
ters and one son, six survive him. 

Mr. Solomon died July, 1883, in San 
Francisco, in his seventy-second year. 
California made many men with sterling 
characters, but Israel Solomon helped to 
make California what she is today. 



13, 1870. At the time of his death, Au- 
gust 5, 1912, Adolph Son belonged to 
the Temple Emanu-El and various Jew- 
ish charitable organizations and clubs. 



ADOLPH A. SON 

HILDESHEIM. Hanover, Germany, 
was the birthplace of Adolph A. 
Son; the year of his birth, 1838. In 
1853 he came to California via Nica- 
ragua, where he opened a store and spe- 
cialized on pipes and cigars. Being a 
keen and conscientious business man he 
prospered, and in 1863 was enabled to 
take a pleasure trip to Europe. Always 
alive to anything that would bring him 
advancement in his chosen line of work, 
he selected a large and choice stock of 
meerschaum pipes and sold them on his 
return to California. This was an ex- 
cellent stroke of business and proved 
Adolph Son to be a man of extraordinary 
ability and foresight. 

In 1865 he formed the firm of Son & 
Briggs. In 1878 Mr. Briggs retired 
from the business and his brother. Al- 
bert Son and his two brothers-in-law, A. 
and y. Spitz, were taken into the firm 
and it developed into large proportions, 
under the firm name of Son Bros & Co. 

Mr. Son was educated in Bangor, Me., 
but was ready to grasp any knowledge 
which would benefit him in any way. 
Miss Annie Spitz became his wife July 



JACOB SPIEGL 

JACOB SPIEGL was born on the 
second day of December, 1826, and 
his demise occurred in the year 1908. 
His early education was received in 
his birthplace, Bohemia. When he 
came to this country, in 1858, he en- 
gaged in the grocery business in New 
York until 1883, when he departed for 
the West to make it his future home. In 
1883 in Portland, Ore., where he re- 
sided for seven years, he established 
the firm of J. Spiegl & Son, which con- 
tinued with prosperity until his retire- 
ment from active business. 

Miss Mary Klauber became his wife in 
June, 1860, and she survives him. In 
Portland Mr. Spiegl was a member of 
the Congregation Ohabai Shalome ; he 
was also a member of the Independent 
Order of B'nai B'rith, and a Mason. 
When he resided in New York he was 
a prominent member of various He- 
brew organizations, and when he 
moved to San Francisco, in 1903, he 
became a member of the Jewish char- 
itable societies there. Mr. Spiegl had 
a large circle of friends, although he 
w^as a man of a retiring nature. 

The children born to Jacob and Mary 
Spiegl are: L. M. Spiegl, Mrs. J. 
Fishel, Mrs. C. R. Levy, Portland; 
Mrs. H. E. Fraley, Reno; Mrs. Carl 
Kuhn, Reno; ^Irs. E. L. Kohlberg, 
New York ; Mrs. Morris Hardman, Se- 
attle, and Mrs. Ben M. Litt of Panama. 



ABRAHAM SPITZ 

THE mercantile world in general, as 
well as a host of admirers and 
friends, keenly felt the loss of Abra- 
ham Spitz, who passed away June 
4, 1916. He was bom in Bangor, 
Maine, October 25, 1852. He gradu- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



151 



ated from the Male Central High 
School of that city. In 1870 he 
came to California with his brother-in- 
law, the late Adolph A. Son. and set- 
tled in San Francisco and became asso- 
ciated with the well-known wholesale 
firm of Son Brothers & Co., which was 
founded in 1853. Later he became a 
member of that firm. Business sagacity 
and devotion to duty were fruitful of 




Abraham Spitz 

Splendid results in his case. In 1906 he 
retired from active business, devoting 
his time to personal interests. He was 
a kindly soul and never was found want- 
ing when appeals to his generosity on be- 
half of the sick and needy were made 
to him. He was a member of Congre- 
gation Emanu-El, a contributer to the 
Federation of Jewish Charities and ac- 
tively supported many charitable organi- 
zations, regardless of religious creed. He 
was also a member of the Concordia 
Club. Abraham Spitz never married. At 
the time of his death he was the only 
surviving member of the old firm of 
which he was so valuable a part for a 
great many years. 



death was ninety-four years of age and 
was the oldest Mason in San Francisco. 
Jacob, too, became a Mason and was a 
valued member of Fidelity Lodge. 
He was also a member of Bay City 
Lodge, I. O. O. F., Travelers' Pro- 
tective Association, Concordia Club 
and of the Federated Jewish Charities. 
Mr. Spitz received his education in 
Baltimore, Maryland, and his first ven- 
ture into business life was a clerkship 
in that city. When he came to Cali- 
fornia, at the age of seventeen, he be- 
came a member of the firm of Son Bros. 
& Co., wholesale notions, traveling for 
them for a number of years. As he 



JACOB SPITZ 

JACOB SPITZ, the son of Hermann 
Spitz, was born in Bangor, Maine, 
in 1858. His father, at the time of his 




Jacob Spitz 

prospered, he became interested in 
other lines, which brought him big 
rewards. Politics appealed to him, and 
California always had a strong advo- 
cate in Jacob Spitz. His death oc- 
curred on November 10, 1915. 



SIGMUND STEINHART 

SULZBACH, Bavaria, was the birth- 
place of Sigmund Steinhart in 1833. 
He was the son of Jacob Steinhart, a rich 
merchant and banker who resided there. 
His education, obtained in Germany, was 
of the best and when he came to the 
United States at the age of seventeen, 



152 



WESTERN JEWRY 



he was well fitted for the business 
career which he eventually followed. 

On his arrival he immediately went to 
live with his cousins, the Seligmans at 
Watertown, New York. When he came 
to California, in 1852, he went in busi- 
ness with his brother Frederick for a 
short time in Placerville (Hangtown). 
Later they established the wholesale dry 
goods house of Steinhart Brothers, which 
was a very large concern. Prosperity 
enabled Mr. Steinhart to retire and he 




Sigmund Steinhart 

spent his time in traveling. 

In the sixties he returned to San Fran 
cisco and with Mr. Ehrlich established 
the mining brokerage business, which at 
that time was the largest business of its 
kind in San Francisco. He then became 
a member of the Stock Exchange. In 
the course of a few years he retired from 
business, but retained large interests in 
other activities in the city. 

The Bohemian Club, of which he was 
a popular member, was his hobby. He 
also belonged to the Argonaut Club and 
Pacific Union Club and held member- 
ships in several high-class clubs of New 
York City. Mr. Steinhart remained a 
bachelor. 

It was always his pleasure to look 
after the comfort of others and his 



kindness and his fund of good cheer 
made him much sought after for his so- 
ciety and comradeship. He was a mem- 
ber of Temple Emanu-El and was 
charitable to a fault. He was known for 
his munificence to the poor, and was es- 
pecially generous to old Californians. His 
charity, however, was given without 
ostentation. Mr. Steinhart's demise oc- 
curred in May, 1910. 

His brother, Ignatz, the well-known 
San Francisco banker and philanthropist, 
survives him. 



BERNARD ULMER STEINMAN 

BERNARD ULMER STEINMAN 
was an American in all but birth. 
He lived in the United States from 
the time he was nine months old, hav- 
ing been brought over from Cologne, 
Germany, his birthplace, by his par- 
ents at that time. His education was 
entirely American ; he made his for- 




Bernard Ulmer Steinman 

tune in America and his heart was 
wrapped up in the life and develop- 
ment of one of the biggest American 
States, "California." One might say 
that he was a Californian, for he was 
but eleven years old when he came 
from New York, by the way of Pan- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



153 



ama, and settled in Sacramento. The 
year of his arrival was 1858, and he 
made the long journey alone. 

It is needless to say that he saw and 
participated in many stirring events in 
those early days of California. Quick 
thought, quick determination and 
quick action were necessary, for only 
true metal showed itself and came to 
the front as indicative of the charac- 
ter behind it. 

Friendships formed in his youth 
were only strengthened as the years 
rolled on and his unswerving loyalty 
to his friends was one of the noted 
traits of his character. Through the 
friendship of Governor Leland Stan- 
ford, whose attention he had drawn by 
his industrious ways and his wit, Ber- 
nard Steinman became a page in the 
State Legislature, and also through 
this noted man's friendship he became 
proprietor of the hotel and restaurant 
in the Southern Pacific depot at Sac- 
ramento. It was here by his attention 
to business and his honesty in dealing 
with the public that the foundation of 
his fortune was laid. 

In 1877 Mr. Steinman married Miss 
Fanny Sachs of Cincinnati, and to them 
were born four children, three surviving: 
Irving Leland, Etta and Florence Lil- 
lian. He was a devoted father and 
husband, as he had been a faithful and 
loving son. 

In 1883 he was elected supervisor 
of Sacramento county, and at another 
period was re-elected for four years. 
In 1891 he was elected president of 
the Sacramento Gas & Electric Com- 
pany and as president of that corpora- 
tion managed it successfully for a num- 
ber of years, and finally sold it at a 
great profit to the stockholders. In 
1892 he organized and was made presi- 
dent of the Farmers' and Mechanics' 
Bank, and here, too, he exhibited his 
ability as a financier, placing that in- 
stitution on a basis of lasting strength. 

It was during the winter of 1894 



that Mr. Steinman distinguished him- 
self. As mayor of Sacramento he in- 
augurated the work of making per- 
manent improvements within the city 
and helped the poor of that community 
in such a way that when the Nation 
was in financial straits, Sacramento 
knew no hardships of poverty. 

Not alone was B. U. Steinman hon- 
ored as mayor, as supervisor, bank 
president, president of the Sacramento 
Gas & Electric Company, as charter 
member of the largest and most influ- 
ential club in town, of Temple Emanu- 
El, the ^Masonic orders and of the Fed- 
erated Jewish Charities, but he was 
honored and loved by the people who 
knew him best, not because of his 
wealth and power, but because of the 
confidence cultivated through years of 
fidelity and years of unselfish devotion 
to the public's welfare. His demise 
occurred March 10, 1914. 



DAVID STERN 

WHEREVER the name of Levi 
Strauss is heard one also hears of 
David Stern. In relationship and in 
business they were, indeed, brothers, and 
one familiar with the commercial activ- 
ities of these successful men realizes at 
once that their power for good lay in the 
fact that they were in harmony in all 
of their transactions. 

David Stern arrived in California in 
1851, having spent some years prior to 
his arrival here in merchandising in the 
Southern States. He was quick to see 
the possibilities for making a fortune in 
the Golden West and sent for his brother- 
in-law, Levi Strauss, who arrived post- 
haste. 

Together they founded the wholesale 
business of Levi Strauss & Co.. which 
has since stood the test of over half a 
century. The highest ideals of commer- 
cialism were held to with the natural re- 
sult that these young men became pros- 
perous and were in the lead of all firms 
of its kind in the West. 



154 



WESTERN JEWRY 



It was not mere luck that they were 
so favored by the god of fortune — many 
hardships were encountered and obstacles 
surmounted in the process of growth. 
Keen sighted, cool-headed business abil- 
ity was what accomplished the seem- 
ingly impossible, and David Stern and 




David Stern 

Levi Strauss earned every tittle of the in- 
crease which came to them. It was their 
reward for honest labor. 

David Stern was born and educated in 
Bavaria and he was in his young man- 
hood when he decided to leave the Old 
World with its long-established laws and 
customs, and cast his lot with the new 
with its untried possibilities and re- 
sources. 

In 1850 Mr. Stern married Miss Fanny 
Strauss, who died in 1884. His sons, 
Jacob, Sigmund and Louis, now conduct 
the business of Levi Strauss & Co. He 
was a man generous and kind in his 
charities and a fine example for the 
youth of the West to pattern after. He 
was a member of Temple Emanu-El and 
also connected with all the Jewi.sh or- 
ganizations of charity. At the age of 
fifty-five he passed away, the time of his 
death being January, 1875. 



JACOB STERN 

BAVARIA, Germany, the country 
that has produced so many men 
and women distinguished in American 
Jewish life, was the birthplace of Ja- 
cob Stern in the year 1856. His early 
education was received abroad and at 
the age of eighteen (June, 1874) he 
came to the United States, locating in 
San Francisco. Shortly afterwards 
young Stern left for Nevada, where he 
accepted a position as clerk, returning 
later to the bay city. In 1886 he mossed 
to Rio Vista, Cal., where he established 
the firm of J. Stern & Co., dealers in 
general merchandise and grain. This 
institution, at the head of which he 
remained until the time of his death 
(April 17, 1916), enjoys the confi- 
dence and respect of the community 
and adjoining cities in which it op- 
erates. 




Jacob Stern 

In 1897 Jacob Stern returned to San 
Francisco to make that city his resi- 
dence, but retaining his interests in 
the Rio Vista enterprises. He was a 
large buyer of California lands and had 
numerous other interests. His activity, 
reliability and sterling worth endeared 
him to all with whom he had business 
relations. He was known as an ener- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



155 



getic, yet kind and charitable man. He 
was a member of Temple Emanu-El, 
the Federation of Jewish Charities, 
Knights of Pythias, Concordia Chib, 
and many other charitable and frater- 
nal organizations. 

Jacob Stern married in 1883 to Miss 
Hattie \\'angenheim, daughter of Sol 
Wangenheim. His wife and three 
children, Newton W. Stern, Mrs. Wal- 
ter J. Samson and Mrs. Harold M. 
Friesleben survive him. 



LEVI STRAUSS 

TO no man is praise more unneces- 
sary than to the late beloved Levi 
Strauss, one of California's foremost 
citizens. He grew with the State and 
his life's history is part of California's 
magnificent record. His probity and 
integrity were part of the glory of the 
State, and his unsurpassed gentility 
among its most precious ornaments. 
Levi Strauss was born in Bavaria in 



MARCUS STONE 

SACRAMENTO, California, was the 
birthplace of Marcus Stone, and 
June 30, 1862, was the date. When 
still a very small boy his family moved 
to San Francisco and his education 
was received in the public schools of 
that city. It fell to his lot when he 
was still quite young to be the main 
support of his family. This he did 
with cheerfulness and a stout heart. 

Subsequently he engaged in the 
dairying business, and so successful 
was he in this particular line that he 
continued in it until his death in March 
of 1910. He also had a number of 
ranch interests in the San Joaquin 
valley. 

Mr. Stone became the proprietor of 
the well-known Baldwin hotel in San 
Francisco and built up the business to 
a great degree. It was later destroyed 
by fire, after which Mr. Stone devoted his 
entire time to his large ranch interests. 
In 1905 he was married to the beauti- 
ful Mrs. Frank. His death caused his 
many staunch friends to realize that 
they had indeed lost a true and valued 
friend. His charity and kindness of 
heart were always spoken of whenever 
the name of Marcus Stone was men- 
tioned, and in all of the various Jewish 
charitable organizations of which he was 
a member his good work and good deeds 
will be long remembered. 




Levi Strauss 

1830, and received a good education, 
holding at one time the position of 
"Amtschreiber" or registry clerk in his 
native village. The great German emi- 
gration succeeding the political trou- 
bles of 1848 included this lad, who, after 
spending a few years in the Southern 
States, arrived in San Francisco in 
1853. His material possessions were 
few, his opportunities many, but his 
greatest asset was ambition. The 
golden country needed the inflexible 
purpose of ambitious youth to develop 
its resources. With David Stern, 
Levi Strauss founded the business 
that for half a century has stood syn- 
onymous with the highest integrity 
and most honorable transactions. 
Growing apace, and always following 



156 



WESTERN JEWRY 



the loftiest commercial ideals, it need 
afiford no surprise that these young 
men became prosperous and were soon 
ensfaeed in extensive commercial trans- 
actions which ultimately placed the 
wholesale dry goods firm of Levi 
Strauss & Co. at the head of its line 
in the West. It is easy to speak of 
commercial success as attained by luck 
or by fortunate speculation. These 
are but results that must be inevitably 
preceded by endowments that not only 
make success possible, but a necessary 
consequence. These endowments are 
high ideals of citizenship, honorable 
conception of business, great integrity, 
firm character and the ambition to 
make life expressive of the virtues that 
should adorn the Jew placed in a sta- 
tion of great responsibility ; and these 
were the endowments of the founders 
of Levi Strauss & Co. 

His activities were many. He was 
a director of the Liverpool, London & 
Globe Insurance Company ; a director 
of the Wells Fargo Nevada National 
Bank ; director of the Union Trust 
Company: director of Mission Woolen 
Mills and Pioneer Woolen Mills, 
which at that time were the largest 
woolen mills in the West. He was 
president of the Los Angeles Farming 
& Milling Company, which own vast 
acres of land and many thousand head 
of sheep and cattle. In all these inter- 
ests he took a very active part ; his 
advice was always sought, and his 
judgment highly valued. For many 
years he was director of the San Fran- 
cisco Board of Trade. Mr. Strauss, 
during the whole of his honorable and 
useful life, remained true to the aspira- 
tions of his early manhood. He was 
acknowledged the highest type of a 
citizen and merchant. His prosper- 
ity never spoiled him. In his pri- 
vate life he was kind, affable and in- 
dulgent. He never married, but his 
nieces and nephews and their children 
felt the great love of his paternal heart. 



and he was venerated by them. It 
may be justly said of him that he 
never forgot the period of his youth 
when he faced the struggles of life. Be- 
cause of this memory he was ever 
ready and willing to help a less for- 
tunate brother. He proved his great 
philanthropy by the establishment of 
twenty-eight scholarships in the Uni- 
versity of California. Many are those 
who through this good man's influence 
have attained national and inter- 
national prominence. These Levi 
Strauss scholarships are still being car- 
ried out, and link this fine man's name 
with the educational destiny of the 
State, and as the generous patron of 
young men and women, he contributea 
to the moral stamina of California far 
more than can possibly be computed 
in dollars and cents. 

In Temple Emanu-El, though he 
never held office, he was considered a 
noteworthy example of the virtues in- 
culcated by religion. It was Mr. 
Strauss who with Louis Sloss con- 
sented to give the annual gold medal in 
the Temple Sabbath School on condi- 
tion that his name would not be given 
out. 

Levi Strauss died September 27, 
1902. He was a vigorous man up to his 
seventy-second year. 

Fourteen years have passed since his 
death. A prominent citizen, in speak- 
ing of him, said: "Yes, it is fourteen 
years since he left us, but Levi Strauss 
will never be forgotten." 

SOLOMON SWEET 

KRIEGSHEIM, bei Worms, Hessen 
Darmstadt, Germany, was the 
birthplace of Solomon Sweet, on 
October 18, 1827. His parents were 
well-to-do, and his education was re- 
ceived in the Real Schule. At the age 
of fifteen he left Germany for the 
United States, and after a short period 
spent in the East, he moved to Cali- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



157 



fornia and settled in Mariposa. In 1868 
he moved to Visalia, wliere he estab- 
lished the mercantile business, which 
continues to the present time, and 
which has assumed large proportions. 

Wherever Mr. Sweet has lived, he 
has been highly respected, his word 
was his bond, and his good deeds were 
legion. He showed kindness to every- 
one, irrespective of creed. His father's 




Solomon Sweet 

family was a large one, and he assumed 
the care of his numerous brothers and 
sisters. He was active in his business 
life until the time of his death. 

On the 10th of May, 1860, Solomon 
Sweet married Miss Annie E. Phillips, 
who survives him. To them were born 
the following children : Albert Lyon 
Sweet, Milton S. Sweet (deceased), 
Walter George Sweet (deceased), Mrs. 
Paul Bettelheim, Mrs. J. L. Joseph, 
Mrs. Victor R. Ulman, Mrs. B. M. 
Joseph, Adolf e M. and David Sweet, 
and Mrs. Julius Baer. 

Mr. Sweet was a high Mason, a mem- 
ber of Temple Emanu-El, a charter 
member of the Eureka Benevolent 
Society, and a charter member of the 
Pacific Hebrew Orphan Asylum. His 
death took place in October, 1899. 



REV. DR. JACOB VOORSANGER 

WHEN the remains of the beloved 
rabbi of Temple Emanu-El of 
San Francisco were laid to rest on the 
Tuesday morning following his untimely 
death, which occurred on April 27, 1908, 
thousands of sorrowing hearts wept and 
prayed in Temple Emanu-El and many 
thousands more who could not gain ad- 
mission to the sacred edifice. 

Jacob Voorsanger was born of pious 
people November 13, 1852, in Amster- 
dam, Holland. At an early age he 
evinced a taste for scholarly pursuits, a 
trait probably inherited from his grand 
and great-grandfather on both his fa- 
ther's and mother's side, who were well- 
known rabbis in Germany. He was con- 
sidered by his teachers in the Theolog- 
ical Seminary of his native city the most 
brilliant student that ever entered that 
institution of learning. 

His powerful personality and capacity 




Rev. Dr. Jacob Voorsanger 

for leadership, as well as his oratorical 
abilities, manifested themselves already 
in his youth, when as a boy of sixteen 
he rushed to the platform at a mass 
meeting of anarchists held in the Jewish 
quarter of Amsterdam for the purpose 
of making propaganda for their cause 



158 



WESTERN JEWRY 



among the denizens of that district. 

With fiery eloquence the youthful or- 
ator denounced the men who would thus 
corrupt the loyalty of his co-religionists 
to the government that had treated them 
so well. 

But Jacob Voorsanger soon found him- 
self out of touch with his surroundings 
and after taking his degree he came to 
the United States at the age of twenty. 

He served as rabbi of a small Philadel- 
phia congregation from 1873 to 1876 ; 
in Washington, D. C, from 1876 to 
1877; in Providence, R. I., from 1877 
to 1878, and in Houston, Texas, from 
1878 to 1886; in the latter year Dr. Voor- 
sanger was called to San Francisco as 
the associate of Dr. Elkan Cohn, whom 
he succeeded when tlie latter passed 
away. 

He became a commanding figure in 
the American rabbinate and was accord- 
ed, by many, first place among his con- 
temporaries as a preacher, lecturer and 
writer. 

His labors in behalf of humanity in 
general and of the Jewish cause in par- 
ticular and the extent of his efforts in 
the upbuilding of the Congregation 
Emanu-El and other institutions are re- 
corded in other publications and are too 
well known throughout the length and 
breadth of the United States to be here 
commented on. 

In 1894 Dr. Voorsanger was appointed 
professor of Semitic languages in the 
University of California, which position 
he held until the time of his death. He 
also served as chaplain and special lec- 
turer at the Leland Stanford, Junior, 
University. Besides his foreign univer- 
sity degrees the Hebrew Union College 
of Cincinnati conferred on him the de- 
gree of D. D. 

Jacob Voorsanger married Miss Eva 
Corper in Philadelphia, who survives 
him, as well as the following children : 
Mrs. D. C. Schweizer, Mrs. Louis Wax- 
elbaum. Dr. William C, Leon M., Julian 
H. and Rabbi Elkan C. Voorsanger. 



When Dr. Voorsanger passed away 
much before his time the world lost a 
great and good man, Judaism one of 
its profoundest thinkers and workers 
and the United States a patriot of the 
highest development. 



DANIEL N. WALTER 

RECKENDORF, Bavaria, was 
Daniel N. Walter's birthplace, and 
the time, August, 1837. He was the 
eldest of the nine sons born to his 
parents. At an early age he came 
to the United States and settled 
in Albany, New York. He attended 




Daniel N. Walter 

the school of which Dr. Isaac M. Wis'- 
was the head. Thus he laid the founda- 
tion upon which the man of culture 
and refinement built. After leaving 
school he came to California. 

He engaged in the furniture business 
upon his arrival in San Francisco. In 
1858 he went into partnership with 
his brother, Emanuel, and established 
the firm of D. N. & E. Walter. As the 
business developed, he sent for his 
other brothers and took them into the 
firm. Very rapidly the business in- 
creased and became a leader in the carpet 
and furniture line. The immense store. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



159 



which is one of the largest and most 
progressive of its kind in San Francisco, 
with branches in other cities, is the 
result of the energies and business 
ability of the Walter Brothers. 

Daniel N. Walter, because of his 
efficiency as a financier, became a di- 
rector of the German Savings Bank 
and a director of the old Nevada Bank. 
A number of other interests outside of 
the furniture store and the banks de- 
manded much of this busy man's valu- 
able time. 

Daniel N. Walter was married in 
1862 to Miss Hannah Smith of Albany, 
New York. To them were born the 
following children : Clarence R. Walter. 
Mrs. Moses Heller. Mrs. Abe Meertief 
and Herbert D. Walter of New York. 

Temple Emanu-El was his place of 
worship and the various organizations 
of Jewish charities knew of his gene- 
rosity and liberal heart. The sympa- 
thetic interest he took in Jewish affairs 
was typical of David Walter in all his 
dealings. 

When David N. Walter passed away 
in 1900 he was sincerely mourned nor 
only by his family and his immediate 
friends, but also by those who appre- 
ciated the excellent qualities of the 

man. • 

SAMUEL WAND 
CAMUEL WAND was one of the 
^ many men who crossed the plains 
in 1850 to come to California. He was 
one of the pioneers who braved the dan- 
gers and hardships, and helped to lay the 
foundations for the ultimate success of 
the State. Such men as he made its his- 
tory. In Sacramento, where he lived for 
some time, he was for a short period in 
business partnership with Louis Sloss. 
He owned one of the first scales for 
weighing gold and was, therefore, a pop- 
ular man. In the early fifties Mr. Wand 
came to San Francisco and entered the 
dry goods business with his brother 
David. So successful did he become be- 



cause of his business acumen that he was 
enabled to retire and turn the business 
over to his son twenty-five years before 
his death. In all of his dealings Mr. 
Wand was an honorable man and was 
held in high esteem by all who knew him. 

He was born in Bavaria, Germany, in 
1817, and came to the LTnited States 
when a lad of fourteen. His education, 
begun in Germany, was augmented by 
much study and reading as he grew 
older. He was considered one of the 
best read men of his time. 

Mr. Wand was identified at different 




Samuel "Wand 

times with Temple Emanu-El, having 
been a trustee, and with the Ohabai Sha- 
lome Congregation, for which he helped 
to raise funds for the synagogue and 
charitable purposes. 

Samuel Wand's home life was ideal. 
He was married in New York to Miss 
Caroline Lang. Their children are Jo- 
seph, Leon, Jacob and Mrs. Louis Sa- 
roni. Being a family man and highly 
cultured, he was able to direct their edu- 
cation and teach them the highest forms 
of literature. The memory of their dear 
father, who passed away in 1906, is one 
of sweet and gentle guidance and devo- 
tion. 



160 



WESTERN JEWRY 



BERNARD WEIL 

AMONG the German Jews who 
contributed so much to the moral 
and material strength of California, 
Bernard Weil occupies an important 
position. Especially in Modesto and 
throughout the San Joaquin valley 
was he known as a high-minded busi- 
ness man and a citizen of sterling 
worth. He was the son of Karl and 
Babbit (Meyer) Weil of Buckau, Ger- 
many, his birthplace. His early educa- 




Bernard Weil 

tion was received in Frankfort and later 
completed in Paris. 

In 1866 young Weil, possessed of 
aught else but that will power and in- 
telligence characteristic of the people 
of his race, came to America, locating 
in Cairo, 111., and later in Chicago. 
The great fire of 1870, which laid that 
city in ashes, reduced his modest 
acquisitions materially, but undaunted 
he assisted in the reconstruction of the 
stricken city. In 1878 Bernard Weil 
came to California, first locating in 
Stockton, and two years later finally 
establishing himself in the general 
merchandise business in Modesto. 
There he soon became known as a kind- 
hearted, estimable man, inspiring his 
neighbors and friends with a degree of 



confidence in his integrity and busi- 
ness acumen that ultimately spelled his 
success. The firm of B. Weil & Sons 
of Modesto is known throughout the 
San Joaquin as one of the most im- 
portant of its kind in that part of the 
State. In 1900 he retired from the 
business, which he had founded, turn- 
ing its management over to his sons. 
Though never active in politics, he was 
known as a staunch Democrat. He 
was a valued member of Temple 
Emanu-El of San Francisco and one 
of the late Dr. Voorsanger's dearest 
and most intimate friends. 

He gave liberally to charities of 
every description and was enrolled as 
a member of the I. O. B. B. and K. of P. 

On December 11, 1871, he married 
Miss Fanny Pareira. The holocaust 
that overtook San Francisco in 1906 
so aflfected him that two years later he 
passed away, deeply mourned by his 
wife, his sons, Charles, Jack and 
Julius, and a host of friends through 
the length and breadth of the country. 



JOSEPH WEISSBEIN 

NO man was better known in the 
mining districts of Grass Valley 
and Nevada City than Joseph Weiss- 
bein. He had friends, loyal and true, 
all over the country, which he won by 
his optimism, intelligence and sym- 
pathy, and when he passed away June 
5, 1915, many mourned his loss deeply. 

Mr. Weissbein was a well-read man 
with a splendid grasp of the most di- 
verse subjects, scientific, sociological 
and political, and being blessed with a 
retentive memory, he was enabled to 
interest his listeners to a great degree. 
He was born in Germany August 25, 
1854, and received his education at the 
Gymnasium Hohenzalza. Shortly after 
leaving school in 1871, he emigrated to 
California, and for a short period was 
employed as a bookkeeper. 

With his brother, Jacob Weissbein, 
he went into the bankine; business in 



WESTERN JEWRY 



161 



Grass Valley, under the firm name of 
Weissbein Brothers & Company. This 
was in 1876, and it continued until 1902, 
when he moved to San Francisco and 
the two brothers engaged in real estate. 
He retained his interests in Grass Valley 
and Nevada City until his death. 

Temple Emanu-El was his place of 




Joseph Weissbein 

worship and his generosity and charity 
won him a valued membership in the 
Federation of Jewish Charities. 

]\Iiss Harriet B. Wolfe became his 
wife August 2, 1891. and two daughters 
were born to them, ]\lrs. Samuel Kahn 
of Stockton and Beatrice H. ^^'eissbein. 



ANTHONY ZELLERBACH 

THE name Zellerbach is well-known 
not only throughout the State of 
CaHfornia. but on the Pacific Coast and 
eastward wherever paper is used. The 
firm of Zellerbach Paper Company was 
originally established by Anthony Zeller- 
bach and his son, Jacob, in 1882, Jacob 
having just finished his schooling. 

Several years later another son, Isador. 
came into the firm, which was conducted 
under the name of A. Zellerbach & Sons, 
and in 1907 the firm was changed to the 
Zellerbach Paper Company. 

Anthonv Zellerbach was born in Ba- 



varia in 1832, and at the age of four- 
teen he came to America. Philadelphia 
was his first home in the new country, 
but in 1856 he changed the East for the 
West and came to San Francisco via 
the Isthmus of Panama. He settled in 
Moore's Flat, Nevada county, Cal., and 
worked for his brother, who conducted 
a bank at that place. When he even- 
tually came to San Francisco, he went 
into the paper business in a small way, 
but through energy and keen business 
ability, the great paper firm bearing the 
name Zellerbach was established, which 
today is the largest business institution 
of its kind in the United States. 

Mr. Zellerbach's keen-sighted business 
ability won him an enviable place in the 
financial world. Out of his well-earned 
possessions he gave freely and gener- 
ously to the Jewish organizations of 




Antliony Zellerbacli 

charity, and was well loeloved for his 
goodness and mercy. He married ]\Iiss 
Theresa Mohr in March, 1863, and the 
following children were born to them : 
J. C. Zellerbach, Isador, Henry H.. Eu- 
gene, Arthur. Lily Zellerbach. Mrs. 
tharles Cross, Mrs. Hazel Piatt and 
Edward ( deceased ) . 

Anthony Zellerbach passed from this 
life in October, 1911, mourned by a 
multitude of friends. 



Jews of Prominence 



HENRY ACH 

Residence, 1740 Franklin street ; of- 
fice Flatiron building, San Francisco. 
Born December 18, 1857, in San Fran- 
cisco. Son of Leon and H. (Schwab) 
Ach. :\Iarried November 10, 1886, to 
Julia Schonvvasser. Educated in the 
public schools of Oregon. Member of 




Henry Ach 

the law firm of Whalley, Fechheimer 
& Ach, Portland, Ore., later Fech- 
heimer & Ach. In 1879 formed part- 
nership with George H. Williams (for- 
merly United States Attorney-Gen- 
eral), and C. E. S. Wood, under the 
firm name of Williams, Ach & Wood, 
which continued until 1887, when Mr. 
Ach returned to San Francisco, where 
he continues the active practice of his 
profession at the present time. At- 
tended for a number of times the na- 
tional, State and county conventions. 
Has been a leader in Republican poli- 
tics in San Francisco for many years. 
Mr. Ach has never been a candidate 
for any political office. Member of 
Congregation Emanu-El, San Fran- 
cisco Chamber of Commerce, Union 
League, Concordia and Olympic clubs, 
Federation of Jewish Charities. 



JULES ABRAHAMSON 

Residence, 1329 Madison street; of- 
fice 1444 San Pablo avenue, Oaklatid. 
Born on Shebuoth, Thorn, Germany, 
in 1863. Son of Jacob and Pauline 
(Miihlendorf) Abrahamson. Alarried 
Becky Phillips of San Francisco June 
26, 1900. Two daughters, ^Matilda and 
Juliet. Moved to California December, 
1871. Educated in the public schools 
of San Francisco. Flis religious train- 
ing was under Rabbi Bettelheim of 
San Francisco. In 1876 he was em- 
ployed bv Buyer & Reich and continued 
until 1881. On February 20, 1881, 
with his brothers, Gustav and Hugo, 
organized the firm of Abrahamson 
Brothers, Oakland, and continued in 
that business until October 25, 1915, 
when he retired. President of the 
Humboldt County Land Development 
Company, Fort Seward, Cal., and has 
other extensive interests. President of 
the Hebrew Federation of Charities, 
Alameda county, Cal. ; former presi- 
dent of the First Hebrew Congrega- 
tion (Temple Sinai, of Oakland) for 
eight years. Member Temple Emanu- 
El, San Francisco ; director Mount 
Sinai Hospital, New York; honorary 
member of Theological Seminary, Cin- 
cinnati ; I. O. B. B.; Federation of Jew- 
ish Charities of San Francisco and 
other organizations. 



MARCUS ALTER 

Residence, 60 Moss street ; office 228 
Sixth street, San Francisco. Born July, 
1881, in Buzen, Roumania. Son of 
Abram and Freida (Jacobs) Alter. Mar- 
ried July 5, 1908, to Sophie Marcus. 

Educated in Bucharest, Roumania. 
Left Roumania during the emigration 
period of 1900 and arrived in San Fran- 
cisco on January 1st of the following 
year. He then joined the printers' union 
and commenced to work as a printer 



WESTERN JEWRY 



163 



until January, 1907, when he established 
himself in business under the firm name 
of the Progress Printing Company, which 
continues at the present time. Has paid 
out in 1914 wages to the amount of $12,- 
000. During his residence here has 
brought out most of his family from 
Roumania. Member of Bush Street 
Temple, Congregation Anshe Sfard, 




Marcus Alter 

Congregation Chevra Thilim, Congrega- 
tion Adas Israel, Jewish Federation of 
Charities, Chevra Hachnosoth Orechim. 
Chevra Rofa Cholim, Golden Gate 
Lodge O. B. A., Court Sunflower F. of 
A., San Francisco Typographical Union, 
Printers' Board of Trade, Agudath 
Zion Society, Jewish Publication Society 

of America. 

ABRAHAM ARONSON 
Residence, 2120 Pacific avenue; ofiice 
160 Sutter street, San Francisco. Born 
September 1, 1856, in Calvria, Russian 
Poland. Son of David and Elka ( Sil- 
berman ) Aronson. Married in 1882 to 
Amelia Rosenthal of Grass Valley, who 
passed away August 30, 1903. Married 
in 1907 to Nettie Rosenthal. Left Poland 
in 1869 with his mother, remained six 
weeks in New York, when he removed 
to San Francisco, arriving February 13, 



1870, where his father had preceded him. 
For two years he peddled goods in San 
Franci-sco, during which time and a pe- 
riod following, he attended Lincoln Night 
School and City Business College. In 
1871 he went into the furniture busi- 
ness, opening a store at North Beach, 
in San Francisco. His success in that line 
was so great that in a few years — in 
about 1886 — he bought the Stockton 
Street Synagogue (the first one built in 
San Francisco) and erected on its site a 
large building in which he conducted his 
furniture business. He paid $10,250 for 
the property, which was $1250 more than 
any one else had offered, thus enabling 
the congregation to build a new syna- 
gogue at Stockton and California streets. 
He continued in the furniture business 
until 1894 and in the meantime he erected 
a building on Post street near Powell. 
Since 1894 Mr. Aronson has been en- 




Abraliam Aronson 

gaged in the real estate business, buying 
old buildings and demolishing them and 
then erecting modern first-class buildings 
in their«place. He was the first Jew in San 
Francisco to name his building with his 
own name, and the great Aronson build- 
ing, corner Third and Mission streets, 
San Francisco, stands as a monument to 
his pluck and energy. He has erected 



164 



WESTERN JEWRY 



more high-class buildings than any one 
in San Francisco, these buildings costing 
from $10,000 to $500,000. He is one of 
the organizers of the Federated Jewish 
Charities, president First Hebrew Be- 
nevolent Society, vice-president Hebrew 
Board of Relief, member of executive 
committee of Federation of Jewish Chari- 
ties, member of board of governors of 
Federation of Jewish Charities, chair- 
man of building committee of Temple 
Sherith Israel, California and Stockton 
streets, and later member of building 
committee of that temple at California 
and Webster streets. He has four chil- 
dren, Libby, wife of Ralph B. Scheier ; 
Pauline, wife of Percy J. Meyer; SoUie 
Aronson of Aronson, Gale Company, Los 
Angeles, and Daniel who is in the insur- 
ance business in San Francisco. Mrs. 
Aronson is one of the directors of the 
Hebrew Ladies' Sewing Society. 

In 1911 he was Republican candidate 
for supervisor of San Francisco. For 
twelve years member of the board of di- 
rectors of Temple Sherith Israel and 
for nine years its president. 



PHILIP ANSPACHER 

Residence, San Francisco. Son of 
Abraham Anspacher. Married Bertha 
Schussler of San Francisco. One child. 
Mrs. Alice A. Myers. Educated in the 
public schools of Evansville, Indiana, and 
at Harvard University. Member of the 



DANIEL ARONSON 

Residence, 2120 Pacific avenue; of- 
fice 160 Sutter street, San Francisco. 
Born February 14, 1891, in San Fran- 
cisco. Son of Abraham and Amelia 
(Rosenthal) Aronson. Married Dor- 
othy Meyers May 10, 1916. Graduated 
from Urban School, San Francisco, in 
1907. For two and one-half years he 
was employed by the California Fruit 
Canners' Association. In 1911 he be- 
came associated with his father in the 
real estate business under the firm 
name of Aronson Realty Company, 
which continues at the present time. 
Agent for the American Automobile 
Insurance Company. Member of Beres- 
ford Country Club, Argonaut and Con- 
cordia clubs. Federation of Jewish 
Charities. 




Philip Anspacher 

firm of Anspacher Brothers, hay and 
grain merchants. Director Temple 
Emanu-El, member of Federation of 
Jewish Charities and numerous other 
charitable organizations. 



SOLLIE ARONSON 

Residence, 332S Wiltshire boulevard ; 
office, Herman W. Hellman building, Los 
Angeles. Born in San Francisco Decem- 
ber 25, 1882. Son of Abraham and 
Amelia (Rosenthal) Aronson. Mar- 
ried November, 1911, to Amy Hellman. 
daughter of the late H. W. Hellman. 
They have two sons. Educated in the 
public and private schools of San Fran- 
cisco and Lmiversity of California. Mem- 
ber of firm of Aronson Realty Company in 
San Francisco until 1911, when he moved 
to Los x-Xngeles and formed the firm of 
Aronson, Gale Company, bonds, securities 
and insurance ; this firm is a consolida- 
tion of four firms. He is vice-president 



WESTERN JEWRY 



165 



of this firm. Director of three Los An- 
geles banks and director of a number of 
other corporations. Director of Jewish 
Orphans' Home, Nathan Strauss Pales- 
tine Relief Society, member of Congre- 
gation B'nai B'rith, Federation of Jew- 




SoUie Aronson 

ish Charities, Masonic order, Scottish 
Rite, Thirty-second Degree ; Shriner. Los 
Angeles Athletic. San Gabriel \'alley 
Country and Concordia clubs of Los An- 
geles and Argonaut Club of San Fran- 
cisco. 



ISRAEL JULIUS ASCHHEIM 

Born in Margonin, Province Posen, 
Prussia. Son of Julius and Dina 
Aschheim. Arrived in California via 
the Isthmus of Panama in the year 
1868 and immediately joined his brothers 
in Plumas county, Cal., where he at- 
tended public school. Followed com- 
mercial life until 1891, when he was 
elected assistant secretary of the 
Board of Education of San Francisco, 
which position he held until 1897, when 
he was chosen to the office he now oc- 
cupies, namely, that of secretary of 
District No. 4, L O. B. B. In 1884, 
while a resident of Portland, Ore., he 
assisted in organizing the Eagle Mill 
& Lumber Company and became its 



secretary. The company was forced to 
suspend operations when Henry Vil- 
lard was compelled to relinquish his 
hold on the Northern Pacific Railroad 
and the Northwest, in consequence ex- 
perienced a very serious financial 
panic. As a member of the order of 
B'nai B'rith his activities began when 
as a boy, in 1874, he helped to organize 
a benevolent society in Merced, Cal. 
The society was immediately after its 
birth converted into a B'nai B'rith 
lodge. !Mr. Aschheim was its first sec- 
retary and ever since dedicated himself 
to the work of the order. His rise in 
its councils was steady and unfailing. 
Several times the first and second vice- 
president of the District, its secretary 
for twenty years, a member of the 
Constitution Grand Lodge in 1890- 




Israel Julius Aschheim 

1905-1910-1915 he had all the honors 
the District could confer upon him, ex- 
cept president, and of that he was de- 
prived by untoward circumstances. 
Mr. Aschheim is past master of Pa- 
cific Lodge No. 36, F. & A. M., and 
was selected as the lodge historian at 
the time of its golden jubilee in 1909. 
He is also a member of the Congrega- 
tion Beth Israel, Federation of Jewish 
Charities and many other organiza- 



166 



WESTERN JEWRY 



tions. He was married in 1900 to 
Elizabeth Fleischman, the famous pio- 
neer X-ray operator, who died in 1905, 
a victim to its deadly rays. He con- 
tracted a second marriage in the year 
1909 with Mrs. Edith Salomon. 



ALFRED AUERBACH 

Residence, 139 Twenty-first avenue ; 
office 334 Sutter street, San Francisco. 
Born in Austria December 25, 1855. Son 
of Henry and Anna (Abeles) Auerbach. 
Married Carrie Moses March 11, 1883. 




Alfred Auerbach 

Graduated from public schools of Aus- 
tria. Learned the fringe-making trade 
in Austria. Moved to San Francisco 
March. 1876, where he was employed 
until 1883, when he established himself 
in the fringe business under the firm name 
of Pacific Fringe Company, which con- 
tinues at the present time. Member of 
Ohabai Shalome Congregation, Federa- 
tion of Jewish Charities, I. O. B. B. and 
I. O. O. F. His children are: Mrs. Men- 
del J. Schloss, Mrs. Clarence Dewit 
Lobell and Henry Auerbach. 



ARTHUR BACHMAN 

Office, Front street, San Francisco. Son 
of Simon and Sophie (Goldman) Bach- 
man. Born in Mission San Jose May 10, 



1868. Married to Amy R. Ehrman, Feb- 
ruary 19, 1900. One child, Arthur Bach- 
man, Jr. Educated in the San Francisco 
public schools. Graduated from the Uni- 
versity of California in 1888, receiving 
the degree of A. B. After leaving school 
he traveled in Europe for some time and 
upon his return entered his father's busi- 
ness, S. Bachman & Co., wholesale to- 
baccos and cigars and in June, 1906, the 
firm was incorporated and he became 
president and manager, which he con- 
tinues to date. Member of the Masonic 
order, Federation of Jewish Charities, 
Argonaut, Beresford Country and San 
Francisco Commercial clubs. 



SAMUEL BISSINGER 

Residence, 212[) Jackson street; office 
Front and Jackson streets, San Fran- 
cisco. Born in Bavaria, 1856. Son of 
Henry and Sophie (Gerstle) Bissinger. 
Married Emma Strauss, 1873. Children, 
Fred, Jack, Edgar. At the age of seven- 
teen he moved to the United States and 




Samuel Bissinger 

settled in San Francisco, where for three 
years he was employed as bookkeeper by 
the Alaska Commercial Company. Sub- 
sequently he moved to Mexico, where he 
successfully engaged in business for sev- 
eral years. In 1878 returned to San 



WESTERN JEWRY 



167 



Francisco and together with his brothers, 
Adolph and Isidore, established the firm 
of Bissinger & Co., hide merchants, of 
which concern he is president. Director 
French-American Bank, member Temple 
Emanu-El, Argonaut Club, Federation 
of Jewish Charities. 



GEORGE N. BLACK 

Residence, Los Angeles. Son of 
Samuel and Rosalie (Neumann) Black. 
Born in San Francisco in 1876. Mar- 
ried in 1913 to Florence Kohn of Port- 
land, Ore. Educated in the public and 




George N. Black 

high schools of Los Angeles. Was em- 
ployed for nine years in a Los Angeles 
department store as bookkeeper and 
cashier and subsequently superintend- 
ent. Later engaged in the real estate 
business with his brother, Julius R. 
Black, under the firm name of Black 
Brothers. In 1913 they erected in Los 
Angeles an eleven-story office building 
known as the Black building. Past 
president of Grand Lodge District No. 
4, I. O. B. B. in 1907; secretary and 
later trustee of Congregation B'nai 
B'rith ; member of Federation of Jew- 
ish Charities. At one time member of 
the board of directors of the Jewish 



Orphans' Home ; master in 1904 of 
Westgate Lodge, F. & A. ]M. Has 
taken an active interest in the Na- 
tional Guard of California ; served 
three years, from 1893 to 1896, and 
was honorably discharged. During the 
administration of Governor Gillett was 
on the military stafif of the Governor 
with the rank of lieutenant-colonel. 
President of California Realty Federa- 
tion of Realty Boards in 1913. \'ice- 
president and treasurer of Los Angeles 
Realty Board for ten years ; member of 
executive committees of the Repub- 
lican State, County and City Central 
committees for several vears. 



JULIUS R. BLACK 
Residence, Los Angeles. Born in 
Breslau, Germany, in 1874. Son of 
Samuel and Rosalie ( Neumann ) Black. 
^Married to Harriet Holzman in 1909. 
Moved to California with his parents 




Julius R. Black 

in 1875. Educated in the public schools 
of Los Angeles. From 1896 to 1902 re- 
sided in the City of Mexico. Upon re- 
turning to Los Angeles in 1902 he 
formed a partnership with his brother, 
George N. Black, and engaged in the 
real estate business. In 1913 organized 



168 



WESTERN JEWRY 



the firm of Black Brothers, Inc., for the 
handling of investment securities, of 
which firm he is president. In 1913 
this firm erected in Los Angeles an 
eleven-story building known as the 
Black building. Past president of Los 
Angeles Lodge No. 487, I. O. B. B. 



LOUIS BLOCH 

Residence, 2429 Jackson street ; of- 
fice, Alaska Commercial building, San 
Francisco. Born in San Francisco 




Manufacturing Company, Floriston 
Commercial Company ; Sierra Flume 
Company, Western Paper & Bag Com- 
pany ; vice-president and general man- 
ager of the Tulare Mining Company, 
Western Transportation & Towing 
Company, Willamette Navigation Com- 
pany ; vice-president of Schwabacher- 
Frey Stationery Company ; director of 
the Great Western Electro Chemical 
Company ; first vice-president of the San 
Francisco Commercial Club for many 
years ; very prominent in Masonic af- 
fairs, and in 1915 was elevated to the 
Thirty-third Degree, with the title of 
honorary sovereign grand inspector 
general bv the supreme council at 
Washington, D. C. ; member of Con- 
oresation Emanu-El, Federation of 
Jewish Charities, Argonaut, Concordia, 
San Francisco Commercial, Beresford 
Country and Press clubs. 



SOLOMON BLOOM 

Residence, 654 Third avenue ; ofifice 
68 Post street, San Francisco. Son of 
Samuel and Pauline Rachel (Alpern) 



Louis Bloeh 

August 9, 1875. Son of Isaac F. and 
Celene (Cahn) Bloch. Married Amelia 
Davis in 1901. Children, Clara Irene 
and Ruth Margaret. Educated in the 
public schools of San Francisco, lu 
1894 he entered the employ of the 
Crown Paper Company, San Francisco. 
He worked in the factory for one year, 
when he became its superintendent. 
The business growing apace, and con- 
solidating with other similar concerns, 
he became vice-president and general 
manager of the Crown Columbia Paper 
Company and the Crown Willamette Bloom. Born October 15, 1867, in San 
Paper Company at the time of their Francisco. Married February 3, 1903, 
organization, which positions he holds to Bertha Herzog. Attended Mission 
at the present time. He is also presi- Grammar School in 1881, Boys' High 
dent of the Porterville Mining & School in 1884; graduated in 1888 with 




Solomon Bloom 



WESTERN JEWRY 



169 



degree of A. B. from University of Cali- 
fornia ; graduated in 1891 with degree 
of LL. B. from Hastings College of Law. 
Admitted to the bar of the Supreme 
Court of California. May, 1890; United 
States District Court, 1892 ; United States 
Circuit Court, 1893; United States 
Circuit Court of Appeals, 1893. Asso- 
ciated in the practice of law with Hon. 
Henry Ward Brown, ex-speaker of as- 
sembly. 1891-1898, under the firm name 
of Brown & Bloom. Specialized in land 
and admiralty law. Director and treas- 
urer of the CaHfornia & Northeastern 
Railway Company. Specialized in corpo- 
ration and financial law, 1900-02. In 1906 
he founded the Probate Agency & Pro- 
bate Lawyers' Association (an interna- 
tional organization). Author of "The 
Law of Mechanics" Liens & Building 
Contracts," 1908; "Supplement," 1911; 
"A Manual for the Execution of Wills," 
1909. Past president Montefiore Lodge. 
L O. B. B. Member District Court. No. 
4, I. O. B. B., 1899. Member of Pacific 
Hebrew Orphan Asylum, Federation of 
Jewish Charities, Pacific Lodge, F. & A. 
M. ; San Francisco Chapter, R. A. M. ; 
San Francisco Bar Association, Mechan- 
ics' Institute, German General Benevolent 
Society, National Geographic Society. 
Luther Burbank Society, Commonwealth 
Club. 

LEON BLUM 

Residence, 2109 Broadway ; office 214 
Front street, San Francisco. Born in 
1848 in Alsace, France. Son of Jean 
and Hannah ( Levy) Blum. Has three 
sons and one daughter, Morris L., Isidore 
L., A. L., Mrs. Helen S. Reiss. Married 
in 1871 to Jeanette Levy of Alsace. 

Graduate of Schlestadt ( France ) Col- 
lege. After leaving school was em- 
ployed by wholesale fancy goods firm in 
Strassburg, and at the age of sixteen 
moved to Paris, where he was in the 
same business until 1866, when he 
moved to San Francisco, where he was 
employed as bookkeeper in the wholesale 
butcher business. In 1870 entered in 



business on his own account. In 1880 
bought the packing plant of J. Y. Wilson 
Company and conducted that business 
under the firm name of Leon Blum & 
Co. until 1884, when he became a partner 
of Daniel Roth under the firm name of 
Roth, Blum & Co., which continues to 
date. Secretary and treasurer California 
Tallow Works. For the last thirty years 




Leon Blum 

has engaged extensively in the whaling 
industry and in trading vessels in the 
South Seas. Has represented for many 
years various Russian firms, as pur- 
chasing agent for Siberia, also for Eu- 
rope. Director of Bush Street Temple 
for twenty-five years, president of that 
synagogue for seven years. Member of 
Masonic order, I. O. O. F., Mt. Zion 
Hospital, Federation of Jewish Charities 
and several French societies. 



MEIER BLUME 

Residence, 339 Sixteenth avenue ; of- 
fice 15 Stockton street, San Francisco. 
Born in Austria in 1871. Son of Joseph 
Blume. Married in 1886 to Rebecca Katz- 
man. As a boy he was affiliated with the 
firm of Friedman Brothers of New York, 
later becoming superintendent of that 
firm. In 1889 moved to San Francisco, 



170 



WESTERN JEWRY 



where he estabhshed a costume and wrap 
manufacturing business for the White 
House. Subsequently, with Raphael 
Peixotto, established the Golden Rule 
Bazaar (which is now The Emporium), 
where he continued for seventeen years, 
after which time he returned to New 



firm at the present time. Member of 
Federation of Jewish Charities, Ar- 
gonaut and Beresford Country clubs. 




Meier Blume 

York and started on a large scale the 
manufacture of costumes and wraps. In 
1910 he returned to San Francisco, since 
which time he continues in the manu- 
facture of cloaks and wraps for the trade. 
Associated with him are his three sons, 
Harry, Sam and Leo. Member of Ma- 
sonic order, I. O. B. B., Congregation 

Emanu-El. 

EDWARD BRANDENSTEIN 
Residence, 72>5 Franklin street ; office, 
126 Mission street, San Francisco. 
Born in San Francisco 1870. Son of 
Joseph and Jane (Rosenbaum) Brand- 
enstein. Married Florence Haas, 
daughter of the late William Haas, in 
1903. Children, William, Edward, 
Alice, Frances. Educated in the pub- 
lic and high schools of San Francisco; 
attended for two years University of 
California. Subsequently he was em- 
ployed by the firm of Siegfried & 
Brandenstein and M. J. Brandenstein 
& Co. He is a member of the latter 



MANFRED BRANDENSTEIN 

Residence, 2676 Pacific avenue : of- 
fice 126 Mission street, San Francisco. 
Born in San Francisco in 1865. Son of 
Joseph and Jane (Rosenbaum) Bran- 
denstein. Married in 1899 to Rennee 
Roth, daughter of Daniel Roth of San 
Francisco. Children, Ruth and Joseph. 
Educated in the public and high schools 
of San Francisco, and university course 
under Prof. Herbst. Member of the 
firm of Adelsdorfer & Brandenstein, 
tea and coffee merchants, until 1899, 
when he entered the firm of M. J. 
Brandenstein & Co., taking charge of 
the cofl^ee end of the business. He con- 
tinues as a member of the firm of M. J. 
Brandenstein & Co. at the present 
time. Member of Congregation Emanu- 
El, president of Argonaut Club, mem- 
ber of executive board of Federation 
of Jewish Charities ; member of Com- 
monwealth and San Francisco Com- 
mercial clubs. 



MAX J. BRANDENSTEIN 

Residence, 1916 Octavia street; of- 
fice, 126 Mission street, San Francisco. 
Born in San Francisco February 2. 
1860. Son of Joseph and Jane (Rosen- 
baum) Brandenstein. Married Bertha 
Weil, 1885. Children, Irma, Jeanette, 
Agnes and Frederick. Educated in the 
public schools of San Francisco and 
Germany. He received his business 
training while in the employ of an im- 
porting house in Bremen, Germany. 
Upon returning to San Francisco he 
entered the wholesale tobacco business 
of his father. Subsequently he organ- 
ized the firm of Siegfried & Branden- 
stein, tea and cofifee importers. In 
1881 he established the firm of M. J. 
Brandenstein & Co., of which concern 
he is president. He has organized a traf- 
fic in tea ranking in size with the larg- 
est in the United States, and in cofifee 



WESTERN JEWRY 



171 



the largest west of Xew York. Mem- 
ber of Congregation Emanu-El ; mem- 
ber Federation of Jewish Charities; 
trustee Pacific Orphan Asylum and 
Home Society; director Panama-Pa- 




Max J. Brandenstein 

cific International Exposition ; vice- 
chairman Committee on Admissions 
and Concessions ; chairman Auditing 
Committee, Panama-Pacific Interna- 
tional Exposition ; member of San 
Francisco Chamber of Commerce. 



formed an amalgamation with L. Elkus 
Company, under the firm name of Elkus- 
Brenner Company. In March 19, 1907, 
he retired from the firm to give attention 
to his many interests. 

Mr. Brenner is president of Monte- 
zuma Land & Water Company, Floribel 
Farming & Cattle Company, Herald 
Hotel Company, Madison Realty Com- 
pany, treasurer San Francisco Exposi- 
tion Tours Company, director Lincoln 
Realty Company, vice-president Pig & 
Whistle Company, on ^Nlayor E. R. Tay- 
lor's roll of honor as supervisor, 1907-08, 
president San Francisco Credit ]\Ien"s 



GUSTAVE BRENNER 

Residence, 1899 California street ; of- 
fice 499 Monadnock building, San Fran- 
cisco. Born October 8, 1862, in Ger- 
many. Son of Leopold and Johanna 
(Newman) Brenner. Gloved to Cali- 
fornia September, 1872. ^Married Sep- 
tember 9, 1887, to Julia Newman. 

Attended public schools and gym- 
nasium in Germany from 1869 to 1872 ; 
South Cosmopolitan Grammar School 
and Boys' High School of San Francisco 
from 1872 to 1878. Employed in whole- 
sale jewelry business from 1878 to 1880. 
In 1880 started in partnership with his 
father a wholesale collar business, under 
the firm name of L. -& G. Brenner, grad- 
ually adding other lines in men's fur- 
nishing goods. This firm continued until 
the death of his father in 1902, when he 




Gustave Brenner 



Association for eight years, trustee San 
Francisco Chamber of Commerce, first 
vice-president Merchants' Association, 
member executive committee of Citizens' 
Health Committee. 1907-08, chairman 
Taft Republican State Central Commit- 
tee, 1912-14, member finance committee 
of Panama-Pacific International Exposi- 
tion, 1910-11, past master Fidelity Lodge, 
F. & A. M., member of Scottish Rite, 
Islam Temple Shrine, San Francisco 
Chamber of Commerce, Hebrew Fede- 
rated Charities, Associated Charities, 
Union League, Commercial and Con- 
cordia clubs, guarantor San Francisco 
Musical Association (Symphony Or- 
chestra). 



172 



WESTERN JEWRY 



ALEXANDER BRICK 

Office, South Broadway, Los Angeles. 
Born in Germany in 1875. Came to the 
United States with his parents at the age 
of eight and settled in New York. Edu- 
cated in the public schools of New York, 
night school of New York, where he took 
a law course. At the age of twelve was 
employed as errand boy in a printing 
house and later employed in various oc- 
cupations until the age of twenty when 




Alexander Brick 

he established liimself in the law and 
collection business in New York and so 
continued until he was twenty-six years 
of age, when he moved to San Francisco, 
where he engaged in the wholesale 
woolen business in which business he 
continues to the present time. In 1906 
moved to Los Angeles, where he estab- 
lished his office and continued the San 
Francisco business as a branch. Married 
to Minnie Silverstein of New York in 
1902. Two children are the fruits of 
this marriage. Member of B'nai B'rith 
Congregation, I. O. B. B., Merchants' 
& Manufacturers' Association, Chamber 
of Commerce, Wholesale Credit Men's 
Association. Board of Trade, director 
Kaspare Cohn Hospital, member of 
board of governors of Federation of 
Jewish Charities. 



HENRY JUDAH BRODSKY 

Residence, Ross, Marin county ; office, 
110 Market street, San Francisco. Born 
September 5, 1882, in Russia. Son of Jacob 
Elijah and Charlotte (Judah) Brodsky. 
Married in 1915 to Frances G. Hartman. 

Educated in the elementary public and 
high schools of New York City ; grad- 
uated from New York University in 
June, 1905, with degree of LL. B. 

Engaged in the general practice of law 
in New York City as a member of the 
firm of Schenkman & Brown until July. 

1908, when he moved to San Francisco 
and practiced his profession from August, 

1909, until September, 1912, represent- 
ing many firms, including S. Ghirardelli 
& Co., Kellogg Toasted Corn Flake 
Compan)^ Monterey Packing Company 




Henry Judah Brodsky 

and others. Since November. 1913, at- 
torney and general manager of Mon- 
terey Packing Company, Sacramento 
River Packers' Association, F. E. Booth 
Company. Until July, 1908, financial 
secretary of American Branch Alliance 
Israelite Universelle. Member of Com- 
monwealth and Press clubs, Jewish Fed- 
eration of Charities, Unity Lodge, I. O. 
B. B.: Fidelity Lodge, F.'& A. M. ; Na- 
tional Geographic Society. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



173 



CHARLES BROWN 

Residence, San Mateo Park, Cal. 
Born in Bamberg. Germany, in 1832. 
Married Babette Kaufmann of Mann- 
lieim, Germany, in 1860. Four chil- 
dren, B. C. Brown, M. M. Brown, I. 




Charles Brown 

I. Brown and Mrs. David Marks. 
Educated in Germany. Moved to 
United States and settled in New 
York when he was twenty years of age, 
where he learned the tinsmith trade. 
In 1854 moved to San Francisco, where 
he was employed at his trade for six 
months, after which time he opened a 
tinsmith shop on the southeast corner 
of Kearny and Post streets, later mov- 
ing to the Blythe block, Alarket street, 
where he added to his stock stoves and 
household goods. With the increase 
of his business he moved to Dupont 
street (now Grant avenue and Geary). 
Subsequently moved to the Academy 
of Sciences building, where a hardware 
department was added and his son, B. 
C. Brown, became a member of the 
firm under the firm name of Charles 
Brown & Son, which continued there 
until they occupied quarters in the 
Flood building, where his sons, M. M. 
and H. H. (the latter deceased) en- 



tered the firm, which continued under 
the name of Charles Brown & Sons. 
The crockery, silverware and paint 
departments were added, remaining 
there until the fire of 1906. The busi- 
ness is now located at 871-73 Mar- 
ket street, opposite Powell street, and 
is one of the most complete and up-to- 
date household and hardware supply 
houses in the United States. Although 
he retired from active business in 1906 
he still retains his interest. The estab- 
lishment is being conducted by his sons. 
Member of Temple Emanu-El, charter 
member of I. O. B. B. ; 1. O. O. F. for 
fiftv-five years; Federation of Jewish 
Charities. 

PHILIP LEE BUSH 

Residence, 2321 \^an Ness avenue; 
ofifice 120 Market street, San Francisco. 
Born June 29, 1875, in San P'rancisco. 
Married April 30, 1911, to Lucile Therese 
Shear of Warren, Pa. Son of General 




Pliilip Lee Bush 

Hyman Philip and Caroline (Abraham) 
Bush. 

Attended Lincoln Primary and Gram- 
mar School in 1882-89, Boys' High 
School in 1889-92, University of Califor- 
nia in 1892-96, graduated in tlie latter 
vear from that institution with degree of 



174 



WESTERN JEWRY 



Bachelor of Science. Connected with 
United States timber reservation sur- 
veys in 1896, Fontana Company in 1897- 
98-99, with CaHfornia Fruit Canners' As- 
sociation from 1899 to date. Chief en- 
gineer of that company at the present 
time. Consulting engineer on various 
projects. Member of National Guard of 
California for fifteen years, aide de camp 
on staff of Governor Budd, retired with 
commission as captain in Coast Artillery 
Corps. Member of Congregation 
Emanu-El, Argonaut Club, American 
Society of Civil Engineers, Native Sons' 
of the Golden West, Veteran x-\ssociation. 



MAIER A. CAHN 

Residence, 2003 Lyon street; office 
Nevada Bank building, San Francisco. 
Born in San Francisco April 6, 1852. 
Son of Aaron and Estelle (Reiss) 
Cahn. Married Sadie Cook in 1879. 
Children. Albert M., Louis M.. Edgar 
Harold, Estelle. Educated in the pub- 
lic and high schools and Union College of 
San Francisco. Engaged in commercial 
pursuits until October 1, 1909, when 
he was appointed sexton of Temple 
Emanu-El, which office he holds at the 
present time. Member of Federation 
of Jewish Charities; I. O. O. F., Y. M. 
H. A. and Fraternal Brotherhood. 



ALBERT E. CASTLE 

Residence, 2008 Lyon street ; office, 
106 Pine street, San Francisco. Born 
in San Francisco in 1861. Son 
of Frederick and Charlotte (Levy) 
Castle. Married Virginia Winston of 
Los Angeles in 1895. Children, Eugene 
and Albert. Educated in the public 
and high schools of San Francisco, 
after which he entered the employ of 
the firm of his father. Castle Brothers, 
subsequently becoming a member of 
the firm, where he continues at the 
present time. Member of board of 
governors of Federation of Jewish 
Charities; vice-president and director 



of Mount Zion hospital ; chairman of 
San Francisco County Republican Cen- 
tral Committee ; member of Bohemian 
and San Francisco Commercial clubs ; 
delegate to the Republican national 
convention at Chicago June 5, 1916; 
president Dried Fruit Association of 
California. . 

ARTHUR H. CASTLE 

Residence, Post street; office, 106 
Pine street, San Francisco. Born in 
San Francisco 1865. Son of Frederick 
Levy and Charlotte (Levy) Castle. 
Educated in the public schools of San 
Francisco and Hanover, Germany, 
after which he entered the employ of 
the firm of his father. Castle Brothers. 
Subsequently became a member of the 
firm, where he continues at the present 
time. Member of the Federation of 
Jewish Charities; Bohemian and Com- 
mercial clubs. 



FREDERICK L. CASTLE 

Residence, 2613 Pacific avenue; of- 
fice, 106 Pine street, San Francisco. 
Born in 1886 in San Francisco. Son of 
Walter M. and Ella (Weill) Castle. 
Educated in the public and high 
schools of San Francisco, Belmont 
School and L^niversity of California. 
He is in the employ of the firm of 
Castle Brothers. Member of the Olympic 
and San Francisco Commercial clubs. 



WALTER M. CASTLE 

Residence, 2613 Pacific avenue; of- 
fice 106 Pine street, San Francisco. 
Born August 28, 1855, in San Fran- 
cisco. Son of Frederick Levy and 
Charlotte (Levy) Castle. Married 
Ella Weill of Wilmington, North Caro- 
lina, in 1885. One son, Frederick L. 
Educated in the public schools of San 
Francisco. Attended private schools 
in Brussels, Belgium, for four years; 
University School, London, England ; 



WESTERN JEWRY 



175 



Isleworth College, near Kew, England, ness. 



This business he conducts at the 



In 1871 he returned to San Francisco, present time. Treasurer of B'nai Israel 
where he entered the employ of the Congregation, member of I. O. B. B., 
firm of his father. Castle Brothers, ex-president of ]Men's Hebrew Be- 
subsequently becoming a member of nevolent Society of Sacramento, member 
the firm, where he continues at the of National Jewish Hospital for Con- 
sumptives of Denver, life member of 
Hebrew Incurable Consumptive Home, 
member of National Farm School of 
Philadelphia, United Hebrew Charities 
of Baltimore, Alliance Israelite Uni- 
verselle, New York Association for the 
Improvement of the Condition of the 
Poor, Hebrew Sheltering and Immigra- 
tion Aid Society of America, N. Y. ; 
Jewish Consumptive Relief Association 




Walter M. Castle 



present time. Member of Federation 
of Jewish Charities, Temple Emanu-El, 
San Francisco Commercial Club. 



ISIDOR COHEN 

Office, 406 J street, Sacramento. Born 
in Schwazen, Posen, Germany, in 1843. 
Moved to United States in 1860 and 
merchandised in New York for about 
three years, after which time he moved 
to California, where he was engaged in 
commercial pursuits in San Francisco, 
Sacramento and surrounding country for 
about three years, when he returned to 
New York, where he remained until 
1873, when he moved to Chicago. In 
1875 moved to Silver City, Idaho. Later 
in Virginia City, Nevada, and at the 
end of that year moved to Sacramento, 
where he worked for his brother for nine 
years in the carpet business. After 
which time he established himself in the 
cigar business, which he later developed 
into a large wholesale and retail busi- 




Isldor Cohen 

of California, Union of American He- 
brew Congregations, Cincinnati ; Asso- 
ciated Charities of Sacramento, Home of 
the Merciful Savior (for crippled chil- 
dren), Sacramento Orphanage and Chil- 
dren's Home, Federation of Jewish 
Charities, San Francisco B. P. O. E., 
I. O. O. F., Commissioner Ann Land 
Memorial Fund (a non-sectarian char- 
itable fund). 

RABBI MONTAGUE N. A. COHEN 
Rabbi Montague N. A. Cohen was 
born in London, Eng., May 19, 1877, 
son of Eugene Cohen and Pauline 
Aschheim Cohen. He was educated 



176 



WESTERN JEWRY 



at Manchester, Eng., Jews' School and 
the higher grade board school of that 
city, where he obtained distinctions 
from the government department of 
science, and from the Royal College of 
Preceptors. He entered Jews' College, 
London, in 1892, and attended London 
University. For a while he was as- 
sistant chaplain at Wormwood Scrubs 
prison, London. He was appointed by 
the Chief Rabbi Herman Adler to the 
pulpit of Congregation Emanu-El, Vic- 
toria, B.C., Canada, in 1901. Anxious 




Rabbi Montague N. A. Cohen 

to shake off the fetters of Anglicized 
eccesiastical authority he came to the 
United States. He occupied the pulpit 
of Cona-resration B'nai Israel, Sacra- 

o o 

mento (1904-1907), and during his in- 
cumbency built the new house of wor- 
ship ; Pueblo, Colo. (1907-1909) ; Butte, 
Mont. (1909-1912). and San Diego, 
Cal. (1912). He was married October 
20, 1903, to Miss Celia, second daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Brash of 
Victoria, B. C. He has been associate 
editor of the "Jewish Tribune," Port- 
land, Ore., since 1903, and he con- 
tributes to "Emanu-El," San Fran- 
cisco; "B'nai B'rith Messenger," Los 
Angeles, and other papers. 



KASPARE COHN 

Residence, 2601 South Grand avenue; 
office 740 South Broadway, Los Angeles. 
Born in Loebau, Prussia, June 14, 1839. 
Son of Abraham and Rachel Cohn. Mar- 
ried Hulda Newmark July 17, 1872. 




Kaspare Cohn 

Educated in tlie public schools of his na- 
tive state until the age of fourteen. 
Moved to Los Angeles in 1859, where 
he clerked for Harris Newmark for a 
short period. Engaged in the crockery 
business in Red Bluff until the outbreak 
of the Civil War, when he returned to 
Los Angeles and entered the hrm of H. 
Newmark & Co. until 1885, at which 
tune he organized the firm of K. Cohn 
& Co., of which concern he is president. 
On July 1, 1914, he established the 
Kaspare Cohn Commercial & Savings 
Bank, of which institution he is presi- 
dent. He has always been a very char- 
itable man and the Kaspare Cohn Hos- 
pital is named after him. President of 
the Congregation B'nai B'rith for many 
years. He was active in civic mat- 
ters in his earlier career. Is extensively 
interested in hydro-electric jilants and 
natural gas industry. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



177 



BERT DILLER 

Residence, 1083 [McAllister street; of- 
fice 1085 McAllister street, San Fran- 
cisco. Born in Galizia, Austria, May 21, 
1872. Son of Samuel and Malke 
(Werner) Diller. Married Ida Gartner 
January 30, 1889. Educated in private 
schools in Galizia, where he also studied 
Hebrew and the Talmud, completing his 
education in 1890. For ten years he was 
engaged in the flour milling business in 
Galizia, and during that time was also in 
the lumber business. He was a member 
of the stock exchange and a banker for 
three years. In 1902 moved to United 
States and in 1903 settled in San Fran- 
cisco, where he conducts a large market. 
IVlember of Anshe Sfard Synagogue, 
B'nai David Congregation, the Brith 
Abraham Club, the Hebrew Home for 
Aged, the Talmud Thores, Hochesth 
Orchin, Chevra Kadusha, Gemilus Chaso- 
dim and the Federation of Jewish Chari- 
ties. 

HENRY G. W. DINKELSPIEL 

Residence, 2915 Jackson street; office 
802-6 Claus Spreckels building, San 
Francisco. Born at Suisun City. Solano 
county, Cal., February 22, 1869. Son 
of Moses and Lena (Menges) Dinkel- 
spiel. Married June 5, 1895, to Estelle 
Jacobs. Educated in public schools of 
Suisun City. Legal education at Has- 
tings College of Law, San Francisco. 
Admitted to practice Supreme Court of 
California in 1890, United States Su- 
preme Court at Washington, D. C, No- 
vember 2, 1893, on motion for admission 
by Congressman S. G. Hillborn of Cali- 
fornia. Engaged in the general practice 
of law in San Francisco since admission. 
President of Commercial Law League of 
America in 1906. Representative of the 
State Assembly of California in 1895. 
Nominated for United States Congress 
on Republican ticket in 1896, but declined 
the nomination. Delegate to National 
Republican conventions in 1900-1904. 
Presidential elector Taft-Sherman ticket 



in 1908 and carried vote of California to 
Washington. Appointed trustee of the 
.San Francisco State Normal School on 
the organization of school in 1899 by 
Governor Gage and re-appointed by 
Governors Gillett and Pardee. Lieu- 
tenant-colonel and aide-de-camp on the 
staff of Governors Pardee and Gillett. 
Appointed consul for the kingdom of 
Siam October 13, 1913. Commissioner- 
general for that countrv at the Panama- 




Henry G. "W. Dinkelspiel 

Pacific International Exposition June 
15. 1915. Member of Temple Emanu- 
El, Beresford Country, Union League 
and Grizzly Bear clubs, president of lat- 
ter. :\Iember of N. S. G. W., Masonic 
order, Thirtv-second Degree, Shrine and 
B. P. O. E.' 

SAMUEL DINKELSPIEL 

Residence, 2612 Scott street; office 
24 Battery street, San Francisco. Son of 
Lazarus Dinkelspiel. Born in San Fran- 
cisco in 1864. Married in 1896 to Bea- 
trice Bachman of San Francisco. Two 
children, Sophia [Margaret and Lloyd 
William Dinkelspiel. Educated in the 
public and high schools of San Fran- 
cisco. Entered the wholesale dry goods 
business of his father and worked in all 
departments until he became a member 



178 



WESTERN JEWRY 



of the firm of L. Dinkelspicl Company in 
1887. President of that firm to date. 
]\Iember of the Temple Emanu-El. Fed- 




Samuel Dinkelspiel 

eration of Jewish Charities, Young Men's 
Hebrew Association, Masonic order. 
Commercial, Commonwealth and Ar- 
gonaut clubs 

DR. DAVID W. EDELMAN 

Residence, Los Angeles. Born in Los 
Angeles in 1869. Son of Rabbi Abraham 




of Los Angeles. Received degree of A. 
B. at the University of California in 
1889 and degree of AI. D. from the med- 
ical department of the Cniversity of Xew 
York in 1891. From 1891 to 1892 he 
continued his medical and surgical 
studies at Mt. Sinai Hospital Dispensary. 
N. Y., and Vanderbilt Clinic, N. Y. In 
1892 he returned to Los Angeles, where 
he engaged in the practice of his profes- 
sion and continues at the present time, 
specializing in surgery and gynecology. 
Surgeon of Kaspare Colin Hospital. 
Head physician of Jewish Orphans' 
Home, L. A. President B'nai B'rith Con- 
gregation since October, 1910. [Member 
of Los Angeles County and California 
State [Medical Societies. Trustee and 
member of executive committee of Los 
Angeles Federation of Jewish Charities. 
Past-president of I. O. B. B. Member of 
L'niversity, Professional Men's, Con- 
cordia and San Gabriel Country clubs : 
Masonic order, I. O. O. F., N. S. G. W. 
Member of the first civil service com- 
mission in Los Angeles and president of 
that commission for a number of years. 
Former member of the Los Angeles Li- 
brary Board, chairman of the City Demo- 
cratic Central Committee for manv years. 



LAWRENCE FABIAN 

Residence, 3461 Clay street, San Fran- 
cisco ; office Tracy, Cal. Born in San 
Francisco August 6. 1890. Son of Philip 
and Annie ( Schwartz ) Fabian. Edu- 
cated in the public and high schools of 
San Francisco. In 1908 attended the 
University of California farm at Davis, 
Cal., where he studied agriculture. In 
1909 he entered the firm of Fabian. 
Grunauer & Co., hay and grain mer- 
chants at Tracy, where he continues at 
the present time. Member of Federation 
of Jewish Charities. 



Dr. David W. Edelman 

Wolfi^ and Hannah (Cohn) Edelman. 
Educated in the public and high schools 



ISIDOR EISNER 

Residence, Los Angeles. Born in 
Poland in 1879. Son of David Eisner. 
Married October 11. 1914, to Lelia J. 
Tacoby of Los Angeles. Educated in his 



WESTERN JEWRY 



179 



native town. Moved to Los Angeles at 
the age of eighteen and was employed in 
the tailoring business, during which time 
he attended night school. The following 
year he branched out for himself in the 
tailoring business and subsequently or- 




Isidor Eisner 

ganized the firm of Eisner & Co., of 
which firm he is now president, conduct- 
ing five establishments in Los Angeles. 
\'ice-president Sun Drug Company, 
member of B'nai B'rith Congregation, 
L O. B. B., Merchants' and Manufac- 
turers' Association, Chamber of Com- 
merce, Concordia Club, Federation of 
Jewish Charities, Nathan Strauss Pales- 
tine Advance Society, Masonic order. 
Scottish Rite, Thirty-second Degree. Di- 
rector Hebrew Orphans' Home and the 
Kaspare Colin Hospital. 



MILTON H. ESBERG 

Residence, 3444 Washington street ; 
office, California and Front streets, 
San Francisco. Born May 15, 1875, in 
San Francisco, son of INIendel and Ma- 
tilda (Hirschfeld) Esberg. Married 
May 1, 1901, to Caroline Sloss Lilien- 
thal. Educated at South Cosmopoli- 
tan Grammar School, Boys' High 
School, University of California ; re- 



ceived degree of B. A. in 1896. Be- 
came associated with M. A. Gunst & 
Co. Vice-president of M. A. Gunst 
& Co., Inc. Chairman of executive 




/ ^ 




Milton H. Esberg 

committee San Francisco Chamber of 
Commerce ; Charities Endorsement 
Committee ; executive committee Trav- 
elers' Aid Society of California. [Mem- 
ber of the advisory board of American 
Legion ; member of Argonaut, Bo- 
hemian, Family, Olympic, Presidio 
Golf Clubs. 

L. B. FEIGENBAUM 

Residence, 2711 Pacific avenue; of- 
fice, 555 Market street, San Francisco. 
Born March 24, 1867, in Eureka, Hum- 
boldt county, California. Son of Bene- 
dict and Hannah (Lowenthal) Feigen- 
baum. Married January 14, 1896, to 
Gertrude Napthaly, daughter of the 
late Joseph Napthaly. One son, B. 
Joseph Feigenbaum. Educated in the 
South Cosmopolitan Grammar School 
and Boys' High School, San Francisco, 
and business college in San Francisco. 
In 1887 entered the business of his 
father as commercial traveler. This 
firm, the California Notion & Toy 
Company, was established in 1869. 
Later he became a member of the firm 



180 



WESTERN JEWRY 



and continues now as manager of that 
concern. Member of Temple Emanu- 
El, Federated Jewish Charities, Con- 




L. B. Feigenbaum 

cordia Club, Commonwealth Club, 
Commercial Club, Associated Charities, 
Chamber of Commerce. 



BENEDICT FLEISCHER 

Residence, 301 Spruce street ; office, 
501 Merchants" Exchange building, San 




Benedict Fleisclier 

Francisco. Born in Muehlbach, Baden, 
Germany, January 8. 1866. Son of Leo- 



pold and Ricka ( Rosenheim ) Fleischer. 
Married Carrie Goldman September 4, 
1899. One child, Phyllis. Educated in 
Germany. Moved to the United States 
at the age of fifteen and after a few 
months' residence in the East he moved 
to Nevada. Subsequently moved to Rio 
Vista, Solano county, Cal., where he 
was employed by the late Jacob Stern, 
general merchandise and grain business. 
In 1890 he became a partner, under the 
firm name of J. Stern & Co. He is presi- 
dent of the firm at the present time, 
president Sacramento River Land Com- 
pany, secretary Lathrop Alfalfa Land 
Company, secretary Starr Land Com- 
pany, member of Temple Emanu-El, 
Federation of Jewish Charities, Masonic 
order, K. of P., San Francisco Commer- 
cial, and Concordia clubs. 



HERBERT FLEISHHACKER 

Residence, St. Francis hotel ; office, 
Sansome and Sutter streets, San Fran- 
cisco. Born in San Francisco Novem- 
ber 2, 1872. Son of Aaron and Delia 
(Stern) Fleishhacker. Educated in the 




Herbert Fleishhacker 

public schools of San Francisco and 
Heald's Business College. In 1887 he 
was employed as bookkeei)er by his fa- 
ther in the paper-box business of A. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



181 



Fleishhacker & Co. Eighteen months 
later he was made manager of the 
manufacturing end of the business, 
subsequently becoming traveling sales- 
man for the firm. With his brother, 
Mortimer, and his father he organized 
the first paper mills in the Northwest. 
Later he organized a lumber mill at 
Eugene, Ore., and the Electric Power 
Company of Floriston, Cal. In 1907 
he was made manager of the Anglo- 
London-Paris National Bank and con- 
tinues as president of that bank at 
the present time. Vice-president and 
director Anglo-California Trust Com- 
pany. President Floriston Land and 
Power Company; president Reno 
Traction Company ; vice-president 
Central California Traction Company ; 
vice-president Great Western Power 
Company; director Crown Willamette 
Paper Company ; director Swiss- 
American Bank, and director of numer- 
ous other corporations. 

Married May Belle Greenebaum, 
August 9, 190.^. Children, Marjorie 
and Herbert, Jr. Member of Temple 
Emanu-El ; Federation of Jewish Char- 
ities. 

MORTIMER FLEISHHACKER 

Residence, 2418 Pacific avenue ; of- 
fice, Sansome and Market streets, San 
Francisco. Born in San Francisco, 
1866. Son of Aaron and Delia (Stern) 
Fleishhacker. Graduated from the 
Boys' High School at the age of four- 
teen, after which for one year clerked 
in a wholesale furnishing goods estab- 
lishment. He then entered the em- 
ploy of his father in the paper box 
business of A. Fleishhacker Company 
and at the age of eighteen became a 
member of the firm, and at the pres- 
ent time is president of that concern. 
During his early connection with this 
firm he organized a paper mill in Ore- 
gon City, Ore., "The Crown Paper 
Company." This firm is known today 
as the Crown Willamette Paper Com- 



jjany, operating several mills. He is 
first vice-president of that firm at the 
present time. In 1900 organized the 
Truckee River General Electric Com- 
pany and later established several 
other electrical companies in California, 
Oregon and Washington. President 
Great Western Power Company at the 
present time. Vice-president North- 
western Electric Company. Director 




Mortimer Fleishhacker 

Anglo and London-Paris National 
Bank ; president Anglo-California 
Trust Company since 1912; president 
Great Western Chemical Company; 
director of numerous other corpora- 
tions. 

Married Bella Gerstle, daughter of 
Lewis Gerstle of San Francisco. Chil- 
dren. Eleanor and Mortimer Fleish- 
hacker, Jr. 

Director Temple Emanu-El ; di- 
rector Pacific Hebrew Orphan Asylum 
and Home Society ; member of board 
of directors Associated Charities ; mem- 
ber of all the Jewish charitable or- 
ganizations ; director and one of the 
founders of the Remedial Loan Asso- 
ciation ; treasurer University of Cali- 
fornia. In 1915 appointed member of 
Rural Credits' Commission. 



181 



WESTERN JEWRY 



DAVID FREIDENRICH 

Residence, 1221 Sherman street, Ala- 
meda ; ofifice 460 Montgomery street, San 
Francisco. Born in Baltimore, Md., in 
1842. Son of Aaron Freidenrich, a 
merchant of Baltimore. Graduate of 
Newton University, Baltimore. Received 
deeree of LL. B. in 1860 from Dane 
law school. Harvard University. Studied 
in law office in Baltimore, after which 
he moved to Portland, Ore., where he 
practiced law until 1870, when he moved 




David Freidenricli 

to San Francisco and continued the prac- 
tice of his profession. In 1876 formed 
partnership with Charles L. Ackerman 
under the firm name of Freidenrich & 
Ackerman. The following year Joseph 
Xaphtaly entered the firm, which then 
became Naphtaly, Freidenrich & Acker- 
man. Upon the retirement of Mr. Acker- 
man in 1905 the firm continued as Naph- 
taly & Freidenrich until 1909, when Mr. 
Naphtaly became ill, since which time he 
continued the practice of law alone, his 
practice being entirely in the civil courts. 
Married in 1902 to Hattie Shapro. One 
child, David Freidenrich, Jr. Member 
of California State Legislature in 1873- 
1874, Masonic order. Argonaut Club, 
Federation of Jewish Charities. 



REV. MICHAEL FRIED 

Born in Hungary. Came to the United 
States as a boy with his parents, locating 
in New York City. Graduated from 
public and high schools of that city, Col- 
umbia University, and received the de- 
gree of rabbi from the New York Jew- 




Rev. Michael Fried 

ish Theological Seminary after a four 
vears' course at that institution of learn- 
ing. Held positions as minister of Pitts- 
burgh Congregation and junior rabbi of 
Temple Israel of San Francisco. Rabbi 
B'nai Israel Congregation of Sacra- 
mento, Cal., for nine years, which posi- 
tion he still holds. Married Adele Salo- 
mon of Sacramento in 1910. Contrib- 
uting editor "Emanu-El." 



LOUIS FRIEDLANDER 

Residence, 740 F>anklin street : office 
402 F"air building. San Francisco. Born 
in Hungary in 1856. Son of Rabbi 
Isaac and Leah Friedlander of Pechi, 
I'jfalu, Hungary. Married Jennie 
Magnes in 1883.' Children, Mrs. Ger- 
trude Gardner of Milwaukee, Theo. 
FViedlander of Chicago, Arnold Fried- 
lander of San Francisco. Educated in 
his native town and arrived in the United 
States at the age of seventeen. The 
following year moved to California. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



183 



where for about twenty-one years he was 
engaged in the cigar business. Later 
eneaeed in the real estate business and 
at the time of the fire he was one of the 
largest real estate operators in San Fran- 
cisco. He is considered one of the best- 
informed men on that subject in San 
Francisco. For the past si.xteen years 




Louis Friedlander 

a member of the firm of P^riedlander & 
Houston. About thirty-six years ago he 
was instrumental in the organization of 
B'nai David Congregation, where he con- 
ducted the services. For ten years he 
was vice-president of Temple Sherith 
Israel and is now president of that syna- 
gogue. Member of the Masonic bodies, 
Scottish Rite, Thirty-second Degree, 
Shriner. L O. B. B.. Federation of Jew- 
ish Charities and other charitable insti- 
tutions. 

MARX FRIEDMAN 
Residence, Granada hotel ; office 259 
Post street. San Francisco. Born in 
Russian Poland July 10, 1850. Son of 
Eliaza Friedman. In 1873 married JuHa 
Schlomsky. Children. Israel. Samuel 
Henry, Abe, Mrs. Ralph Kaiser, Mrs. 
Abe Stein, Mrs. Eli Myers and Mrs. 
William Jacobs. Educated in his native 
country until the age of eighteen, after 



which time he w'as a teacher of Hebrew 
for two years. Moved to New York 
at the age of twenty and was engaged 
in mercantile pursuits in that State 
until 1877, when he moved to San 
Francisco. In 1885 he established a 
cloak store on a small scale and the 
following year branched out into the 
furniture business, which has devel- 
oped to its present large proportions, 
under the firm name of M. Friedman 
& Co. He is interested in the Cosgrave 
Cloak & Suit House. President of 




Mar.x Friedman 

Ohabai Shalome Congregation, of 
which synagogue he has been a mem- 
ber for nineteen years. Past president 
and trustee of Ophir Lodge, I. O. B. 
B. ; member of Doric Lodge, Masonic 
order; Federation of Jewish Charities. 



HERMAN W. FRANK 

Residence. Los Angeles. Born in 
Portland. Ore., in 1860. Son of Abra- 
ham Frank. Married Sarah Harris, 
daughter of Leopold Harris of Los An- 
geles, in 1888. Two children. At an 
early age moved to Washington Terri- 
tory, where he attended public and pri- 
vate schools until the age of fourteen, 
when he clerked in a country store in 



184 



WESTERN JEWRY 



Oregon. In 1876 moved to San Fran- 
cisco, where he was employed in the of- 
fice of the wholesale clothing firm of W. 
& I. Steinhart; subsequently became 
commercial traveler for that firm for 
seven years. Afterwards he established 
himself in a general merchandise busi- 
ness in Alameda, where he continued 
until 1887 and moved to Los Angeles, 
becoming a member of the firm of L. 
Harris & Co.. and in 1888 the firm name 
was changed to Harris & Frank, of 



Concordia. Jonathan and Los Angeles 
Athletic clubs; past-president of Lodge 
No. 487, I. O. B. B. Republican. 




Herman W. Frank 

which concern he is president. Director 
National Bank of California, president 
L. Harris Realty Company, secretary 
Riverside X'ineyard Company, fifteen 
years president Los Angeles Associated 
Charities, one of the organizers of the 
Merchants' and Manufacturers' Associa- 
tion of Los Angeles ; president two years 
and director ten years of that organiza- 
tion. Member of Los Angeles Board of 
Education for ten years ; president two 
terms. Originator of the Tag Day on 
the Pacific Coast. Member of Congre- 
gation B'nai B'rith and for many years 
was director and treasurer of that 
synagogue ; Federation of Jewish Chari- 
ties of Los Angeles, Masonic order, 
Shriner, B. P. O. E., Modern Woodmen; 



LOUIS GASSNER 

Office, 112 Geary street, San Fran- 
cisco. Born May 1, 1867, in Austria 
Son of Joshua and Hannah (Yonkler) 
Gassner. Married in 1898 to Hen- 




Louis Gassner 

rietta ^Nlagnin of San Francisco. Two 
children, Mrs. Frederick Shipper and 
Estelle Gassner. ]\Ioved to London, 
England, as a child with his parents, 
where he received a common school 
education and in 1884 moved to New 
York, where he remained until 1890, 
when he came to San Francisco. 
Shortly afterwards he established him- 
self in the furrier business, which he 
has developed to its present large pro- 
portions. Has office connections in 
New York and London. Member of 
Congregation Beth Israel, Federation 
of Jewish Charities, Masonic order and 
other organizations. 



SANFORD L. GOLDSTEIN 

Residence, 1998 Jackson street; office 
120 Market street, San Francisco. Born 
in San P>ancisco September 19, 1864. 
Son of E. L. and Virginia (Waterman) 



WESTERN JEWRY 



185 



Goldstein. His early education was re- 
ceived at a military school in California ; 
later attended school in Germany, from 
which he graduated, then returning to 
San Francisco. Continued his education 
in the public schools. Attended Heald's 
Business College for one term, after 
which time clerked in a mercantile insti- 




Sanford L. Goldstein 

tution for four years and later in the 
employ of J. Y. Wilson Company. In 
1889 purchased one-third interest in the 
Fontana Company, fruit canners, which 
consolidated later with the California 
Fruit Canners' Association, of which 
firm he is vice-president and treasurer. 
Director St. Francis Hotel, director E. 
L. Goldstein Company, member Temple 
Emanu-El. Married Olga Adelsdorfer 
in 1899. Two children the fruits of this 
marriage. Director Mount Zion Hos- 
pital, member board of governors Federa- 
tion of Jewish Charities 



MORRIS NATHAN GOLDTREE 

Residence, 253 Sixteenth avenue ; 
office 50 Sansome street, San Fran- 
cisco. Born January 31, 1881, in San 
Francisco. Son of Nathan and Au- 
gusta (Kaminski) Goldtree. Married 
June 25, 1911, to Corinne Jonas. Grad- 
uated from South Cosmopolitan Gram- 



mar school June, 1895; graduated 
from Polytechnic High school in 1897, 
Lowell High school in 1899. Attended 
University of California, college of 
chemistry, for three years, leaving on 
account of the death of his father in 
1902. Engaged in the import and ex- 
port business between here and Cen- 
tral America under the firm name of 
Goldtree & Liebe from 1902 to 1907. 
From 1907 to 1911 cashier of Block- 
man Banking Company, San Diego, 
and one of the organizers of the San 
Diego branch of the Society for the 
Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis. 
Member of the wholesale firm of 
Marcuse, Goldtree Company, San 
Francisco, notions and fancy goods, 
from 1911 until the death of Mr. Mar- 




Morris Nathan Goldtree 

cuse in 1914, when the firm of Goldtree 
Company, wholesale fancy goods and 
babywear was formed, which continues 
to the present time. Delegate from 
fourth district to the Congressional 
convention in 1908. President of 
Ophir Lodge No. 21, L O. B. B. ; sec- 
retary Grand Lodge gymnasium com- 
mittee, L O. B. B. ; member of Mer- 
chants" Exchange Club, Jewish Fed- 
eration of Charities, Masonic order, 
Islam Temple of Shriners and Uni- 
versity of California Club. 



186 



WESTERN JEWRY 



JACOB J. GOTTLOB 

Residence, 2150 Lyon street; office 
Columbia theatre, San Francisco. Born 
March 15, 1860, in Boston, Mass. Son 
of Julius and Hannah (Cohen) Gottlob. 
Married in 1901 to Selina Dannenbaum. 
Educated in the pubhc schools of Bos- 
ton, Mass. Graduated from English 
High School, Boston, Mass., in 1876. 
Engaged in mercantile business in 
Boston from 1876 to 1881. Theatrical 




Jacob J. Gottlob 

business with M. B. Leavitt's compa- 
nies from 1882 to 1885. In the latter 
year he moved to San Francisco, where 
he was treasurer of the Bush Street 
theatre until 1892. From 1892 until 
1895 was manager of the California 
theatre. In 1895 he leased the Columbia 
theatre on Powell street in connection 
with S. H. Friedlander and Melville 
Marx and continued there until the 
fire of 1906. In 1907, 1908 and 1909 at 
the Van Ness theatre. In January, 
1910, and at the present time at the new 
Columbia theatre on Geary street. 
Member of Congregation Emanu- 
El, I. O. B. B., B. P. O. E., Con- 
cordia Club, Beresford Country Club. 
Contributing to Federation of Jewish 
Charities. 



CHARLES GREENBERG 

Residence, Los Angeles. Born in 
Poland in 1881. Son of Julius Green- 
berg. Married Sophia Reiss of Chicago 
in 1906. Two children, Ruth and Helen. 
Educated in the public and high schools 
of Chicago. Received degree of LL. B. 
in 1906 from John Marshall Law College 
and was admitted to the bar of the State 
of Illinois and Federal courts. Con- 
nected with the law department of the 
International Harvester Company of 
Chicago and private secretary to the 
president and vice-president of that firm. 
In 1910 moved to Los Angeles and en- 
gaged in the general practice of law in 
partnership with Garfield Jones, and in 
Februarv, 1912, James S. Bennett en- 




Charles Greenberg 

tered the firm. Subsequently retired 
from the firm and now continues in the 
general practice of his profession alone. 
\'ice-president and secretary of Sinai 
Congregation. ^Member of I. O. B. B.. 
Jewish Publication Societies. Federation 
of Jewish Charities, Consumptive Relief 
Association, Los Angeles County Bar 
Association, Professional Men's Club 
and Citv Club. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



187 



MORGAN A. GUNST 

Residence, 2786 Vallejo street; office 
California and Front streets, San 
Francisco. Born March 9, 1887, in 
San Francisco. Son of Moses A. and 
Ophelia (Cohn) Gunst. Married May 
31, 1914, to Aline J. Dryfus of New 
York. Educated in the public and 
high schools of San Francisco, Chateau 
de Lancy, Geneva ; Leland Stanford, 
Junior, University. In 1906 entered the 
employ of his father, M. A. Gunst & Co. 
\'ice-president of that firm at the pres- 
ent time. Second vice-president of 
Federation of Jewish Charities. Mem- 
ber of Bibliophile Society of Boston, 
Mass. ; Argonaut, San Francisco Com- 
mercial and Beresford Country clubs. 
Director of the Book Club of Cali- 
fornia. 

MOSES A. GUNST 
Residence, St. Francis Hotel ; office, 
California and Front streets, San 
Francisco. Born July 4, 1853, in New 
York. Son of Abraham and Emma 
Gunst. Married June 10, 1886, to 
Ophelia Cohn. daughter of the late Dr. 
Elkan Cohn, rabbi of Temple Emanu- 
El. One son, Morgan A. Gunst. Ed- 
ucated in the schools of the Southern 
States and New York City. Moved to 
San Francisco at the age of eighteen. 
In 1873, with a capital of $500, opened 
a small cigar stand. In 1874 formed 
the firm of M. A. Gunst, which was 
later incorporated and of which he is 
president. The firm is engaged in the 
manufacture of cigars and the whole- 
sale and retail cigar business, having 
stores in all the principal cities of the 
Pacific Coast and Honolulu and New 
York. Also in consolidation with the 
United Cigar Manufactures Company, 
having over fifty factories in the chain. 
Police commissioner of San Francisco 
for several years, having been ap- 
pointed honorary life commissioner. 
The office terminated upon the adop- 
tion of the new charter. Delegate to 
several national Republican conven- 



tions. Member of Temple Emanu-El, 
Concordia, Beresford Country, Union 
League, San Francisco Commercial and 
Commonwealth clubs of San Francisco 
and Criterion Club of New York. A 
member of Federation of Jewish Chari- 
ties and other charitable institutions. 



LOUIS SALOMON HAAS 

Residence, 3412 Washington street; 
office 99 Beale street, San Francisco. 
Born September 3. 1858, in San Fran- 
cisco. Son of Salomon and Julia 
(Rosenfeld) Haas. Attended primary 




Louis Salomon Haas 

school conducted by the late Dr. El- 
kan Cohn, Lincoln Grammar school 
from 1864 to 1865. Graduate of South 
Cosmopolitan Grammar school in 

1872. Attended Boys' High school 
until June, 1873. Studied bookkeep- 
ing at Lincoln Night school. In July, 

1873, he entered the employ of Herman 
Ruppin, stock broker, where he re- 
mained until 1876, when he became as- 
sistant bookkeeper for the Washington 
Flour Mills. In 1881 he entered the 
employ of Lilienthal & Co., which has 
since been changed to the Crown Dis- 
tilleries Company, of which corpora- 
tion he is now vice-president. Vice- 



188 



WESTERN JEWRY 



president and director of United Cali- 
fornia Industries, Pacific Coast repre- 
sentative on Board of Control Na- 
tional Wholesale Liquor Dealers' As- 
sociation of the United States. Mem- 
ber of executive committee of Im- 
porters' and Wholesalers' Liquor 
Dealers' Association of San Francisco. 
Member of board of governors of Fed- 
eration of Jewish Charities, director Pa- 
cific Hebrew Orphan Asylum and 
Home Society. Member of Temple 
Emanu-El. Member of the Family and 
Olympic clubs. Director Merchants' 
National Bank. 



P. R. HABER 

Residence, Los Angeles. Born in 
Austria in 1873. Son of Solomon and 
Goldie (Sanders) Haber. Married 
March 10, 1896. to Mary Schneider of 
St. Louis. > Four children, Sadie, PhiHp, 
Athel and Lillian. Educated in Austria 
and, after leaving school he was em- 




P. R. Haber 

ployed b)' his father, who was in the 
grain and cattle business. At the age of 
sixteen moved to New York, where for 
three and one-half years he was em- 
ployed in various occupations. For 
seven years he was associated with the 



firm of Max, Judd & Co. of St. Louis, 
after which time he was in business for 
himself until 1904 when, owing to ill 
health he moved to Los Angeles. In 
September, 1905, established a tailoring 
business, in which business he continues 
at the present time. Member of Sinai 
Congregation since its organization and 
its president since 1915. Member of the 
Los Angeles Federation of Jewish Chari- 
ties and other charitable organizations. 
Member of Masonic order, Scottish Rite, 
Thirty-second Degree ; Shriner, B. P. O. 
E., Chamber of Commerce, Merchants' 
and ]\lanufacturers' Association. ^Member 

of O. B. A. 

DAVID A. HAMBURGER 
Residence, Los Angeles. Born in Sac- 
ramento in 1857. Son of Asher Ham- 




David A. Hamburger 

burger. Married to Catherine Howell 
in 1889. Children, David A. Jr., Arthur 
Moses, Florence Evelyn. Educated in 
the public schools of Sacramento. Grad- 
uated from Harvard LTniversity in 1878 
with degree of LL. B. Admitted to the 
bar of the State of California January 14. 
1879, and practiced law in Sacramento 
until 1883, when he moved to Los An- 
eeles and became a member of the firm 
of A. Hamburger & Sons, of which con- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



189 



cern he is vice-president. President of 
Hamburger Realty Company, president 
Consolidated Realty Company of Los 
Angeles, director Farmers' and Mer- 
chants' National Bank of Los Angeles, 
chairman of first aviation meeting in Los 
Angeles. Identified with all civic and 
public welfare movements. President of 
Los Angeles Investment Company, No- 
vember, 1914, and was instrumental in 
reconstructing this firm. Member of 
Congregation B'nai B'rith, Federation 
of Jewish Charities, Los Angeles ; for- 
mer member of the board of trustees of 
that organization, and former director 
of the Jewish Orphans' Home of 
Southern California. Past-president of 
Los Angeles Lodge I. O. B. B., member 
of the board directors of Merchants' and 
Manufacturers' Association, Masonic 
order, Scottish Rite. Thirty-second De- 
gree ; Shriner, B. P. O. E. ; Concordia 
and Los Angeles Athletic clubs. 



nia clubs, officer Unity Lodge I. O. B. 
B., officer Fidelity Lodge F. and A. M., 
member of Scottish Rite bodies of 
San Francisco. 



JULIEN HART 

Residence, 2211 Buchanan street; of- 
fice 71 Sansome street, San Francisco. 
Son of Samuel and Johanna (Knitz) 
Hart. Married to Helen Louise Neu- 
stadter January 3, 1906. Two children, 
Ellen and James David. Educated in 
the public and high schools of San Fran- 
cisco. Attended University in Geneva, 
Switzerland, for one year, after which 
he became associated with his brother, 
Benno, in the wholesale silk business 
under the firm name of B. Hart & 
Brother, which he continues at the pres- 
ent time. Member of Beresford Country, 
Argonaut and Commonwealth clubs. 
Federation of Jewish Charities. 



HENRY H. HART 

Residence, 2996 Jackson street ; of- 
fice. City Hall, San Francisco. Born 
September 27, 1886, in San Francisco. 
Son of Dr. Henry H. and Etta (Harris) 
Hart. Married August 15, 1912, to 
Alice Patek Stern. Graduated from 
Lincoln Grammar School, 1900; Lowell 
High School, 1903. Received degree of 
A. B. in 1907 from University of Cali- 
fornia. Post graduate law department 
University of California in 1909, re- 
ceiving degree of J. D. Thesis, "The 
Federal Safety Appliance Act of 1894, 
Its History, Constitutionality and Con- 
struction." Practiced law with the firm 
of Jesse W. Lilienthal and Henry G. 
W. Dinkelspiel from 1909 to 1912. In 
April of the latter year was appointed 
assistant city attorney by City Attor- 
ney Percy V. Long. This office he 
holds at the present time. ]\Iember of 
Federation of Jewish Charities, Com- 
monwealth and L'niversitv of Califor- 



SALOMON HARTMAN 

Born in Kobylagora (now Heide- 
berg) near Kempen, Posen, Prussia, in 
January, 1841. Son of Israel Joseph and 
Scheindel Jenny Hartman. A most 
worthy and respected couple. He married 
in 1870, when visiting his home. Fanny 
Pauline Krotoszyner of Ostrowo. Prus- 
sia, also of a most esteemed family. Their 
children are, Mrs. Jenny Krotoszyner, 
Jacob C. Hartman, Dr. George W. Hart- 
man, Henrietta May Hartman and Ed- 
mund Isidor Hartman. 

He received his education in his home 
town and for some time was employed 
by his father, who was a merchant in 
Kobylagora. In 1860 he emigrated to 
New York, where he was in various 
mercantile employments and during this 
time attended a commercial school. In 
1863 he came to San Francisco and a 
few months later went to the Boise mines 
of Idaho, where he was engaged in the 
mercantile business for three years, 
after which time he returned to San 
Francisco and formed partnership with 
Samuel Polack under the firm name of 



190 



WESTERN JEWRY 



Polack & Hartnian, doing a retail dry 
and fancy goods business. This partner- 
ship continued until 1872, when the firm 
was dissolved and continued with his 
brother, Morris, (who also had come to 
San Francisco several years previous ) 
under the firm name of S. Hartman & 
Brothc. In 1888 the firm moved its 
business to ]\Ierced and theirs was the 
first progressive store in that city. Upon 
the death of his brother, in 1896, he con- 
tinued the business alone. In 1899 his 
son, Jacob C, became a member of the 




Salomon Hartman 

firm, which was changed to S. Hartman 
& Son, and continues at the present 
time as the leading department store of 
Merced. Though he still takes an active 
interest in the business, he has turned 
the management of afifairs over to his 
son. 

He is a member of Montefiore Lodge, 
No. 51, I. O. B. B., since 1867 and was 
a member of Sherith Israel Congrega- 
tion during his residence in San Fran- 
cisco. He and his wife are members of 
various Jewish charities and take active 
interest in all Jewish affairs. 

As expressed by himself, his aim in 
life has ever been to feel when depart- 
ing from this world that it has derived 
some little benefit through his having 
lived in it. 



ELIAS M. HECHT 

Residence, 2518 Fillmore street; of- 
fice Kohl building, San Francisco. 
Born August 14, 1879, in Atherton 
(Fair Oaks), San Mateo county, Cal. 
Son of Abraham Elias and Amelia 
(Kaufmann) Hecht. Educated in the 
public schools of San Francisco ; grad- 
uated from the University of California 
in 1901 with degree of B. S. After 
graduation he engaged in the invest- 
ment business with his brother, Joel 
K. Hecht, under the firm name of 
Hecht Investment Company, which 
continues to date. Appointed by 
Mayor Jas. Rolph, Jr., member of Mov- 
ing Picture Censorship Board. Direc- 
tor of Society for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Children. Organized the 
San Francisco Quintet Club and is 
sponsor for that organization. He is 
a flutist. Member of Federation of 
Jewish Charities. 



JOEL K. HECHT 

Residence, 2389 Washington street ; 
ofifice Kohl building, San Francisco. 
Born in San Francisco August 19, 
1877. Son of Abraham Elias and 
Amelia (Kaufmann) Hecht. Married 
May Lucie Seller of Frankfort am 
Main March 1, 1911. One daugh- 
ter, Dorothv Ray Hecht. Educated 
in the public schools of San Fran- 
cisco and the Ljiiversity of California. 
After leaving college engaged in the 
investment business with his brother, 
Elias M. Hecht, under the firm 
name of Hecht Investment Com- 
pany and continues to date. Director 
of Federation of Jewish Charities, di- 
rector Hebrew Board of Relief, mem- 
ber of Temple Emanu-El ; Argonaut 
and Beresford Countrv clubs. 



RABBI SIGMUND HECHT 

Residence, Los Angeles. Born in 
Hungary. 1849. Son of Moritz Hecht. 
teacher and Talmudist. Married in 
1875 in New York to Liska Tuska, 
who was a niece of Rabbi Tpska of 



WESTERN JEWRY 



191 



Memphis, Tenn., also a niece of 
:\Ianrice Tuska of the Jewish Orphan 
Asylum of New York. Children, Mrs. 
S. M. Xewmark, Grace Hecht, Mrs. J. Y. 
Baruh and X'ictor Hecht. Educated in 
\'ienna at the Teachers' Seminary and 
at the University of \'ienna. Studied He- 
brew and theology with the Rev. Dr. 
Jellinek of \'ienna. Received degree of 
b. D. 1886, from the University of Ala- 
bama. In 1867 moved to Xew York 
with his parents, continuing his studies 
in that city. Dr. Felix Adler and Dr. 
Gottheil of Xew York influenced him to 




brary board and gave the first impetus 
to the organization of the Federation of 
Jewish Charities. He is the adminis- 
trator of the funds of the Free Loan 
Society and treasurer of the Relief Fund 
for Jewish War Sufiferers. Dr. Hecht 
is the author of a post-biblical history 
and has written many essays on scholas- 
tic subjects. He is also one of the con- 
tributing editors of "Emanu-El." 



Rabbi Sigmund Hecht 

pursue a rabbinical career. In 1876 he 
moved to IVIontgomery, Ala., where he 
occupied the pulpit of the Jewish con- 
eregation until 1888, when he was called 
to Milwaukee, Wis., where he held a 
similar position for twelve years, and 
was then called to the B'nai B'rith con- 
gregation of Los Angeles, where he con- 
tinues at the present time. Since his 
advent in Los Angeles his congregation 
has almost tripled in membership, and 
in the outer world Dr. Hecht has cred- 
itably represented the Jewish commun- 
ity. Dr. Hecht has received much com- 
plimentary recognition from civic and re- 
ligious bodies. He was at one time a 
member of the Los Angeles public li- 



ISAIAS W. HELLMaN 

Residence, 2020 Jackson street : of- 
fice 2 [Montgomery street, San Fran- 
cisco. Born October 3, 1843, in Reck- 
endorf, Bavaria, Germany. Educated 
in the public schools of Germany; 
college at Markbreit, Bavaria. Mar- 
ried Esther Xeugass (deceased) of 
Xew^ York, Apriri4, 1870. Children, 
I. W. Hellman, Jr., Mrs. E. S. Heller, 
Mrs. Sidney M. Ehrman. [Moved to 
the United States in 1859 and came to 
San Francisco via the Isthmus. Shortly 
after his arrival he moved to Los An- 
geles, where for a short time he 
clerked in a dry goods store, later be- 
coming a member of the banking firm 
of Hellman, Temple & Co. He was 
president and manager of that concern 
when it was merged into the Farmers' 
& [Merchants' Bank of Los Angeles. 
He became its cashier and manager 
and subsequently president, which po- 
sition he holds at the present time, the 
name of the bank having later changed 
to the Farmers' & Merchants' Na- 
tional Bank. In 1901 he moved to San 
Francisco and reorganized the old Ne- 
vada Bank of which institution he be- 
came president. The name of this 
bank was changed to the Nevada Na- 
tional Bank and later the Wells Fargo 
Xevada National Bank of San Fran- 
cisco. Mr. Hellman continues as presi- 
dent of that institution. President of 
Union Trust Company, San Francisco ; 
United States National Bank, Los An- 
geles ; director of United States Na- 
tional Bank, Portland, Ore. He has 



192 



WESTERN JEWRY 



numerous other business interests. 
Senior regent of University of Cali- 
fornia. One of the founders of the Con- 
gregation B'nai B'rith, Los Angeles, 
and its president until he moved to San 
Francisco. Member Congregation B'nai 
B'rith, Los Angeles ; Congregation 
Emanu-El, San Francisco; Federation 
of Jewish Charities and many other 
charities ; Masonic order. Argonaut, 
Olympic and Union League clubs. 



I. W. HELLMAN, JR. 

Residence, 2906 Broadway ; office, 
Union Trust building, San Francisco. 
Born in Los Angeles March 30, 1871. 
Son of Isaias W. and Esther (Neugass) 
Hellman. Married September 10, 1898, 




returned to San Francisco and became 
manager of the Union Trust Company, 
of which institution he is now the presi- 
dent. Member executive committee of 
the National Conference of Jewish 
Charities and the Pacific Coast repre- 
sentative. First vice-president of 
Wells Fargo Nevada Bank and of the 
Farmers' and Merchants' National 
Bank of Los Angeles, and a director in 
many other financial institutions. Vice- 
president and member of board of di- 
rectors P.-P. L E. President Federa- 
tion of Jewish Charities of San Fran- 
cisco. Director of Temple Emanu-El 
and Mount Zion Hospital for many 

years. - 

IRVING H. HELLMAN 
Residence, Los Angeles. Born in Los 
Angeles in 1883. Son of Herman W. 
Hellman. Married Florence Eunice 
Marx of Los Angeles in 1911. Educated 
in the public and high schools of Los 



I. W. Hellman. Jr. 

to Frances Jacobi of New York. Chil- 
dren : I. W., HI; Frederick, Florence 
and Marco Francis. Educated in the 
public schools of Los Angeles, Belmont 
School and L'niversity of California, 
from which institution he received de- 
grees of Ph. B. and A. B. in 1892. After 
graduation he was employed as clerk in 
the Nevada Bank, San Francisco. In 
1894 moved to Los Angeles, where he 
was manager of the Farmers' and Mer- 
chants' Bank of Los Angeles. In 1895 




Irving H. Hellman 

Angeles. Studied engineering at Armour 
Technical school in Chicago, after which 
time he returned to Los Angeles and 
passed the civil service examination with 
honors as civil engineer, making a spe- 
cialty of reinforced concrete. He was 
the first reinforced concrete engineer for 



WESTERN JEWRY 



193 



the city of Los Angeles and held that 
position until the death of his father, 
October, 1906, when he resigned and 
with his brother, Marco, managed the 
estate of his father. In July, 1912, he 
became active manager of the Hellman 
Commercial Trust & Savings Bank, of 
which bank he is vice-president. Director 
of Merchants' National Bank of Los 
Angeles, director of Title Guarantee & 
Trust Company of Los Angeles, director 
of First National Bank of Puente. di- 
rector of the First National Bank of 
Alhambra, director of the First National 
Bank of Hermosa, director of the Re- 
dondo Savings Bank, vice-president of 
Marine Commercial & Savings Bank of 
Long Beach, director of Aronson, Gale 
Company, member Congregation B'nai 
B'rith and Congregation Sinai, treasurer 
Jewish Consumptive Relief Association 
of California ; member of Concordia, 
Los Angeles Athletic, Union League and 
San Gabriel Country clubs ; Federation 
of Jewish Charities of Los Angeles, I. 
O. B. B., B. P. O. E., Masonic order, 
Thirty-second Degree. Life member of 
Shriners. Member of Annexation Com- 
mission of Los Angeles. 



tion B'nai B'rith ; member advisory 
board of L'nion of American Hebrew 
Congregations ; chairman of school 
committee of Congregation B'nai B'rith ; 
member of Los Angeles Federation of 




James W. Hellman 



Jewish Charities; Masonic order, Scot- 
tish Rite, Thirty-second Degree, Shriner ; 
K. of P.; L O. B. B. 



JAMES W. HELLMAN 

Residence, Los Angeles. Born in 
Germany, 1861. Educated in private 
schools of his native country and at the 
age of fourteen moved to Los Angeles, 
where he joined his brothers, Isaias W. 
and Herman W. After having clerked 
in Los Angeles for a few years he 
moved to Wilmington, Los Angeles 
county, where he was in the general 
mercantile business and continued until 
1892, when he returned to Los Angeles, 
where he established the wholesale and 
retail hardware and plumbing business 
under the firm name of J. W. Hellman 
& Company, which he continues at the 
present time. Married in 1886 and has 
four children. Director of Congrega- 



MARCO HELLMAN 

Residence, Los Angeles. Born in Los 
Angeles, September 14, 1878. Son of 
Herman W. Hellman. Educated in the 
public schools of Los Angeles and the 
Belmont school, San Mateo; attended 
Leland Stanford, Junior, University, 
after which time he became assistant 
cashier of the Farmers and Merchants 
National Bank of Los Angeles. Vice- 
president of the Merchants' National 
Bank of Los Angeles at the present time. 
Officer and director of numerous banks 
and industrial corporations. Member 
of B'nai B'rith Congregation, and 
Sinai Congregation ; member of Jona- 
than, Concordia. Union League, San 
Gabriel Valley Country, Los An- 
geles Athletic and Federal Clubs: Los 



194 



WESTERN JEWRY 



Angeles Federation of Jewish Charities ; 
I. O. B. B. ; B. P. O. E. ; Masonic order, 
Thirty-second Degree Scottish Rite, 
Shriner. Married Rita Levis of VisaHa 
June 10, 1908. 



BERNARD (BENZION) 
HERZBERG 

Residence, 1713a Eddy street; office, 
1119 Fillmore street, San Francisco. 
Born March 1, 1868, in Wexnia, Rus- 
sia. Province Konvo. Son of Samuel 
Abraham and Celia ( Feitelberg) Herz- 




Bernard (Benzion) Herzberg 

berg. Majority of his relatives reside 
now in Kurland, Russia. 

Married May 18, 1890, to Fannie 
(Feige) Schmulian, granddaughter of 
the great Rabbi Yididia Sacks of Sager, 
Russia, and later of Wexnia, Russia. 

Graduate of Lotringer Strasse Geme- 
inde Schule, Berlin, Germany: Freidrich 
Wilhelm Staatisen Gymnasium, Berlin. 
Studied Hebrew and Talmud in Wexnia. 
Latzkow and Telz, Russia. After leav- 
ing school was engaged in the whole- 
sale leather business in Berlin and later 
in Laisen, Russia; in retail leather busi- 
ness until he moved to California, Au- 
gust. 1890. where for two years he was 
engaged as a private teacher of Hebrew 



and German. From 1892 to 1897 en- 
tered mercantile business in San Fran- 
cisco. 

From 1897 until 1906 was employed 
in the city department of the Connecticut 
Fire Insurance Company. In 1907 en- 
tered the fire insurance business on his 
own account, with offices in the Mer- 
chants' Exchange building. In April, 
1910, formed partnership with his son, 
S. A. Herzberg. under the firm name 
of B. Herzberg & Son, in the insurance, 
real estate, steamship and foreign ex- 
change business, which continues at the 
present time. 

President Congregation Keneseth 
Israel. Charter member and secretary 
for twenty years Golden Gate Lodge No. 
208. Order B'rith Abraham ; member of 
Congregation B'nai David ; Herman 
Lodge No. 147, I. O. O. F. ; Columbia 
Lodge No. 127, I. O. B. B. ; Hebrew 
Free Loan Association ; Hebrew Shel- 
ter ; Fillmore Street Improvement Asso- 
ciation ; Jewish Federation of Charities ; 
Orthodox Hebrew School. Is inclined 
to keep up all orthodox Jewish tradi- 
tions. 

JOSHUA D. ISAACS 

Residence, 98 Jordan avenue ; office. 32 
Battery street, San Francisco. Born in 
San Francisco December 16, 1860. Son 
of Harry and Kate ( Davis ) Isaacs. Mar- 
ried in 1892 to Regina Cans. Three chil- 
dren, Harry, Rose and Charles. Edu- 
cated in San Francisco. During the time 
he attended school he learned the horse- 
shoeing trade. He also studied chemistry. 
After leaving school he was engaged 
in various occupations. In 1877 he 
was in the employ of the firm of 
Rosenbaum & Friedman, wholesale dry 
goods. This firm was succeeded later 
by the firm of Rosenbaum & Company. 
In 1883 he went to New York as buyer 
for that firm and in 1888 became a part- 
ner, where he continued until 1890, when 
he formed the firm of Luscombe & 



WESTERN JEWRY 



195 



Isaacs, manufacturers' agents and com- Jacobs. ^Married Lillian \\'ollenberg 
mission merchants. He is now the sole December 24, 1908. One daughter, 
surviving partner of that firm. Mem- Mary Ruth Jacobs. Educated in the 

public and high schools of San Fran- 
cisco, University of California, and re- 
ceived the degree of B. S. in 1904 from 
the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology and degree of M. S. in 1905 
from that institution. Studied archi- 
tecture in Paris at the Beaux Arts. 
Engaged in the general practice of 
architecture in San Francisco. De- 
signed the Sunday school of Temple 
Emanu-El and many buildings and 
residences of all character. Member 
of Congregation Emanu-El, San Fran- 
cisco Chapter of the American Insti- 
tute of Architects, San Francisco So- 
ciety of Architects, the Beaux Arts So- 
cietv and the Alasonic order. 




Joshua D. Isaacs 

ber of Congregation Sherith Israel ; 
Federation of Jewish Charities. Masonic 
order, I. O. O.' F. and I. O. B. B. 



WILLIAM F. JACOBS 

Residence, 225 Euclid avenue : of- 
fice 352 Post street, San Francisco. 
Born Tune 3, 1889, in San Francisco. 



ALFRED HENRY JACOBS 

Residence, 80 Twenty-first avenue ; 
office, French Bank building, San 





Alfred Henry Jacobs 

Francisco. Born in San Francisco 
January 29, 1882. Son of Julius 



William F. Jacobs 

Son of Isidor and Mira Josephine 
(Straus) Jacobs. Married December 
10, 1911, to Dorothy Friedman of San 
Francisco. 

Graduated from Pacific Heights 



196 



WESTERN JEWRY 



Grammar School, 1903 ; Lowell High 
School, 1907. Received degree of B. S. 
in 1910 from College of Commerce, 
University of California. Graduated in 
1910 from San Francisco Business 
College. From 1910 to 1912 in New 
York as manufacturers' agent for Cali- 
fornia products, and in January, 1912, 
returned to San Francisco. 

Manager since July, 1912, of Cos- 
grave Cloak & Suit Company. First 
lieutenant National Guard of Cali- 
fornia from 1908 until 1911, when he 
resigned. Member of Commonwealth, 
San Francisco Commercial and Uni- 
versity of California clubs ; Masonic 
order ; member of Bush Street Temple. 



PHILIP L JACOBY 

Residence, 3747 Jackson street; of- 
fice Pacific and Sansome streets, San 
Francisco. Born in Germany Septem- 
ber 4, 1869. Son of Isaac N. and Ma- 




business with his father. In 1891 es- 
tablished the Southern California 
Cracker Company, which he continued 
until 1896, when he returned to San 
Francisco and established the Stand- 
ard Biscuit Company, of which firm he 
is president and manager. Member of 
Federation of Jewish Charities of San 
Francisco and Los Angeles, Congrega- 
tion Emanu-El, Associated Charities, 
Concordia Club and Pacific Musical 
Society. Author of numerous musical 
cornpositions. In a San Francisco mu- 
sical contest in 1915 with his brother 
composed a Pavlowa gavotte, "San 
Francisco 1915,'" which was accepted 
by Madame Pavlowa. 



Philip I. Jacoby 

thilda (Cohn) Jacoby. Married May 
Koshland of Portland, Ore.. February 
24, 1904. Early education received in 
Germany. In 1882 moved with his 
parents to San Francisco, where he at- 
tended the public and high schools and 
business college. After completing 
his education in 1889 moved to Los 
Angeles, where he was engaged in 



ABRAHAM JONAS 

Residence, Hotel Oakland ; office. 
460 Eleventh street, Oakland. Born 
at Rogasen, Posen, Germany, 18.-i5. 
Son of Rev. Joachim and Amalia 




Abraham Jonas 

(Dresner) Jonas. Married Katie 
Hartman January 9, 1881. Children, 
Mrs. Otto Hirschman, Mrs. Morris 
Goldtree, Irving and Milton Jonas. 
Educated in the public and Real Schule 
of Germany. His education was sup- 
plemented by a commercial course. In 
1875 moved to the LInited States and 
settled in Oakland, where he clerked 



WESTERN JEWRY 



197 



in a clothing establishment. After two 
years' residence he founded what was 
known as the Hub Clothing Company, 
in which business he continued until 
1914, when he retired. 

President ^Merchants' Exchange, 
Oakland, 1904 ; director Associated 
Charities of Oakland since 1903 : presi- 
dent Chamber of Commerce, Oak- 
land, 1914; member of Public Employ- 
ment Bureau, 1913-18; appointed by 
Mayor Mott. President Temple Sinai, 
Oakland; member I. O. B. B. thirty- 
nine years ; president District Grand 
Lodge No. 4, I. O. B. B., 1895; mem- 
ber of Constitution Grand Lodge, I. 
O. B. B., 1900, 1905, 1910 and 1915. 
Member Federation of Jewish Chari- 
ties. San Francisco ; Masonic order and 
Shriners. 

JOSEPH LEWIN JONAS 

Residence, Los Angeles. Born in 
Rogasen, Posen, Germany, September 
27 , 1866. Son of Rev. Joachim and 




Joseph Lewin Jonas 

Amalia (Dresner) Jonas. Educated in 
the gymnasium at Rogasen and at the 
age of fifteen came with his brother to 
Oakland, Cal. For about eighteen 
months merchandised in Oakland, 
after which time with his brothers 



opened a store in Santa Cruz. He re- 
mained there for seven years when he 
moved to San Bernardino, where they 
opened a branch store, which he con- 
ducted for ten years. In October, 
1899, he moved to Los Angeles, where 
he organized the Standard Woodenware 
Company, wholesale business, of which 
firm he is vice-president to date. In 1893 
he was married to Margaret Cohn of Los 
Angeles (daughter of Mrs. Johanna 
Cohn, "Tante Hinde") ; they have two 
children, Felix Jacob Jonas and Edith 
Esther Jonas. One of the organizers 
of the Beth Israel (Olive street) Con- 
gregation and trustee of that organi- 
zation for some time. In 1906 organ- 
ized the Sinai Congregation, of which 
he was president for six years, and for 
several years has been a member of 
the board of directors. For some time 
chairman of the ritual and school com- 
mittees of that congregation. Past 
president San Bernardino Lodge I. O. 
B. B., which order he joined in 1899, 
and on his arrival in Los Angeles he 
withdrew from that lodge and was one 
of the organizers of the Los Angeles 
lodge, of which he was trustee for sev- 
eral years. Director Kaspare Cohn 
Hospital. Director Los Angeles Fed- 
eration of Jewish Charities. Member 
of Masonic order, I. O. O. F., K. of P., 
Foresters, U. C. T., Hebrew Consump- 
tive Relief Society, Hebrew Free Loan 
Society, Hebrew Shelter, Hebrew Free 
Burial Society. During his residence 
in San Bernardino, conducted the Sab- 
bath school. Took an active interest 
in civic aflfairs during his residence in 
San Bernardino. 



BERNARD KATSCHINSKI 

Residence, Granada hotel ; office, 
825 Market street, San Francisco. 
Born in Nackel, Posen, Germany, in 
1855. Son of Abraham and Hannah 
(Meyer) Katschinski. Married Janu- 



198 



WESTERN JEWRY 



ary 20, 1883, to Dora Myers of San 
Francisco. Educated in the schools of 
his native town. In 1872 he arrived in 
Sacramento and was employed as a 
barber until 1873, when he purchased 
and conducted the shop until 1881, 
when he moved to San Francisco and 
established a shoe store on Kearny 
street. A few months later established 
the Philadelphia Shoe Company, which 
has developed to its present large pro- 
portions. Vice-president Sherith Israel 
Congregation ; treasurer Starr King- 




Bernard Katschinski 

Lodge No. 344, Masonic order ; mem- 
ber of Scottish Rite bodies, Thirty-second 
Degree; Shriner ; Y. M. H. A.; Federa- 
tion of Jewish Charities ; member of 
San Francisco Grand Jury in 1913. 



LEON KAUFFMAN 

Ofifice, 740 Mission street, San Fran- 
cisco. Born in 1853 in France. Son 
of Joseph and Sara Kauffman. Edu- 
cated in the public schools of France. 
Moved to California at the age of 
nineteen, where he clerked in a country 
store. Subsequently established him- 
self in the general mercantile business, 



which business he sold out in 1884 and 
moved to San Francisco, where he en- 
gaged in the grain business until the 
fire of 1906. Later he became a mem- 
ber of the firm of Greenebaum, Weil & 




Leon Kauffman 

Michels, wholesale men's furnishing 
goods. He is treasurer of this firm at 
the present time. Married Linnie 
Wolf in 1884. Three children, Sylvain 
S., Eugene and Saidee. Member of 
Temple Emanu-El, board of governors 
of Mount Zion Hospital, Federation of 
Jewish Charities, Concordia Club. 



ADOLPH KAUFMANN 

Residence, 112 Presidio avenue; of- 
fice 838 Market street, San Francisco. 
Born in 1873 in Hainstadt, Baden. 
Germany. Son of Feist and Mina 
(Oppenheimer) Kaufmann. Married 
to Alice Delbanco of San Francisco. 
Two children, Melville and Felton. 
Educated in the public schools of 
Baden, high school of Buchen, college 
at Mannheim. Moved to San Fran- 
cisco in 1888, where he was employed 
by Rosenthal's until 1897, when he be- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



199 



came a member of the firm of Sommer 
& Kaufmann. He is secretary of that 
firm at the present time. Member of 




ing largely to his efforts that the 
temple of this congregation was 
erected. Member of building commit- 
tee of Sinai Congregation ; first vice- 
president of that synagogue and mem- 
ber of board of trustees. Presented the 
first Sefer Torah to Sinai Congrega- 
tion. Received a gold charm from 
Sinai Congregation in 1912 as a token 
of their esteem. Member of I. O. B. 



Adolph Kaufmann 

Temple Emanu-El, Federation of Jew- 
ish Charities, Masonic order. Scottish 
Rite. 

M. S. KORNBLUM 

Residence, Los Angeles. Born in 
Austria in 1859. Son of Isaak Korn- 
blum. Educated in his native coun- 
try. He was engaged in business in 
Austria for a number of years. In 
1881 moved to Poland, where he mar- 
ried Gusta Griinbaum. Two children, 
Ada E. and Abraham H. After his 
marriage moved to New York, where 
he resided for eight months. In 1904 
settled in Los Angeles, where he pur- 
chased and conducted the City Dye 
Works for three years. Subsequently 
disposed of his business and estab- 
lished the Berlin Dye Works, with 
stores in all districts of Los Angeles 
and in many Southern California cities. 
He is president of that concern at the 
present time. He has real estate and 
other interests. One of the organizers 
of Beth Israel Congregation, it is ow- 




Kornblum 



B., Masonic order, W. O. W., Chamber 
of Commerce, Merchants" and Manu- 
facturers' Association, Los Angeles 
Realty Board, Los Angeles Federation 
of Jewish Charities and various other 
organizations. 



MARCUS S. KOSHLAND 

Residence, 3800 Washington street; 
ofifice 110 Market street, San Francisco. 
Born in San Francisco January 13, 1858. 
Son of Simon and Rosena (Frauenthal) 
Koshland. Married in 1890 to Corine 
Schweitzer. Children, Daniel E.. Rob- 
ert J., Margaret Helen. Educated in 
the public and high schools of San Fran- 
cisco. Member of the firm of S. Kosh- 



200 



WESTERN JEWRY 



land & Co., wool merchants. Member Retired in 1905. Has since devoted 
of board of directors of Congregation himself to the affairs of S. Lachman & 
Emanu-El. Director of Lincoln School Co. and S. & H. Lachman estate. Mem- 
ber of Temple Emanu-El, Federation of 
Jewish Charities, Union League Club, 
Merchants' Exchange, Masonic order, 
Scottish Rite, Thirty-second Degree ; 
Shriner. 

DR. SAMUEL LANGER 

Residence, Pacific Hebrew Orphan 
Asylum, 600 Divisadero street, San 
Francisco. Born in New York City. 
Son of Bernard and Anna (Milsner) 
Langer. Married Martha Franklin of 
New York City, 1899. Educated in 
the public schools of New York City, 




Marcus S. Koshland 



Association. Member of Federation of 
Jewish Charities ; Concordia and Beres- 
ford Country clubs ; L O. O. F. 



ALBERT LACHMAN 

Residence, Palmdale, Mission San 
Jose; office 417 Market street, San 
Francisco. Son of Samuel and Hen- 
rietta (Guenther) Lachman. Born in 
Weaverville, Trinity county, Cal., in 
1857. Moved to San Francisco with 
his parents in 1864. Educated in the 
public schools of Trinity county and 
San Francisco. Attended University 
of California for one year, subsequently 
leaving to enter his father's business, 
Eberhardt & Lachman, in 1872. In 
1878 he became a member of the firm, 
when the name of the firm was changed 
to S. Lachman & Co., in which busi- 
ness he continued until its consolida- 
tion with the California Wine Asso- 
ciation, when he became vice-president 
and assistant general manager of that 
association, having charge of the tech- 
nical work and general supervision of 
wine-making plants of that concern. 




Dr. Samuel Langer 

College of the City of New York, Jew- 
ish Theological Seminary of New 
York, Columbia University (teachers' 
college), (school of philosophy). 
Rabbi Congregation Adath Emuno, 
Hoboken, N. J., from 1899 to 1903. 
Principal School of Religious Work in 
the Educational Alliance, New York 
City, 1903-1912; principal public school 
No. 192, Manhattan, New York City, 
1903-1912; assistant Hebrew Orphan 
Asylum, New York, from 1895-1898; 
principal Hebrew school, H. O. A. of 



WESTERN JEWRY 



201 



New York, 1895-1905 ; superintendent 
Pacific Hebrew Orphan Asylum of 
San Francisco since 1912. Member 
of various alumnal, social and char- 
itable organizations in New York City 
and San Francisco. 



GUSTAVE ALBERT LANSBURGH 

Residence, 2122 Pacific avenue; of- 
fice, 709 Mission street, San Francisco. 
Born January 7, 1876, in Panama. Son 
of Simon Lazarus and Rebecca (Pyke) 
Lansburgh. Married Irene Muzzy of 




Gustave Albert Lansburgli 

San Francisco in 1908. Three chil- 
dren, Ruth, Lawrence Muzzy and Ed- 
ward Albert. Educated in the public 
and high schools of San Francisco, 
University of California, Ecole des 
Beaux Arts, Paris, France, from which 
institution he graduated in architec- 
ture in 1906 and received the diploma 
from the French government. In the 
same year received a medal in archi- 
tecture at the Salon of the Chamj) 
Elysee held by the Society of French 
Art. In 1906 returned to San Fran- 
cisco, where he commenced the prac- 
tice of his profession and continues to 
date. Architect of Temple Emanu-El ; 
Temple Sinai, Oakland ; Concordia 



Club; I. O. B. B. building; the Or- 
pheum theaters of San Francisco, Los 
Angeles, Salt Lake City, Kansas City 
and St. Louis ; associate architect of 
Beresford Country Club and many 
other structures. He was appointed 
assistant architect of the Architectural 
Commission of the Panama-Pacific In- 
ternational Exposition. Member of 
San Francisco Chapter of American 
Institute of Architects; Beaux Arts So- 
ciety of America ; Society of Architec- 
ture Deplome of France ; Concordia, 
Argonaut and Beresford Countrv 
Clubs; Temple Emanu-El and Federa- 
tion of Jewish Charities. 



B. LAZANSKY 

Residence, 2i7 Fifteenth avenue; of- 
fice, 84 Clay street, San Francisco. Born 
in Bohemia March 11, 1839. Son of 
Matthias and Eleanor (Hermann) 
Lazansky. Married Millie Cohen, San 




B. Lazansky 

Francisco, June 18, 1865. Children, 
Mrs. S. Rosenblum, Sim Lazansky, 
May Lazansky, Phyllis Lazansky. 
Mrs. H. Graham, Mrs. Elenora IVIac- 
lure. Educated in the schools of Bo- 
hemia, later attending college, where 
he studied medicine. In August, 1856, 



202 



WESTERN JEWRY 



he arrived in San Francisco via the 
Isthmus. He was employed in San 
Francisco as a clerk for a short time, 
when he moved to Auburn, Cal., re- 
maining there but a few months, mov- 
ing to Coloma, Eldorado county, where 
he was employed in a dry goods store. 
Subsequently moved to Greenwood 
Valley, Eldorado county, where he 
conducted a general merchandise busi- 
ness ; there he became interested in 
minmg projects. In 1861 he conducted 
a brewery in Boonville, Idaho, later 
returned to his business in Greenwood 
Valley. Subsequently he returned to 
San Francisco, where for a few years 
he engaged in the crockery business, 
after which time he was employed as 
salesman in the millinery business, 
where he remained for twenty years. 
He then entered the bag business, 
which continues at the present time 
under the firm name of B. Lazansky 
Bag Company. Member of Masonic 
order, I. O. B. B., A. O. U. W., Free 
Loan Society and other charitable or- 
ganizations. 

ADOLPH LEVI 
Residence, San Diego. Born in Aus- 
tria in 1859. Son of Bernard Levi. 
Educated in Austria and in 1876 
moved to San Diego, where he was em- 
ployed by his brother, Simon Levi. 
In 1879 he attended business college 
in San Francisco, after which he wab 
employed for a year in Tucson, Ariz. 
Subsequently moved to Julian, San 
conducted a general merchandise store. 
Diego county, where for six years he 
In 1885, on a visit to his parents in 
Austria, he married Eleanor Schwartz. 
Two children, Edgar B. Levi and Mrs. 
George S. Newbauer. Later, return- 
ing to San Diego, he engaged in the 
stock raising and ranching business, 
which he continues at the present time 
as a member of the firm of Adolph 
Levi & Son. President Beth Israel 
Congregation of San Diego ; member 
of I. O. B. B., I. O. O. F., Masonic or- 
der. Red Men, W. O. W., Maccabees. 



EMILE LEVY 

Residence, 3130 Clay street; office^ 
733 Market street, San Francisco. 
Born in Alsace, France, December 26, 
1857. Son of Benjamin and Babbette 
(\A'eil) Levy. Educated in the com- 
mon schools of France, after which he 
went to the eastern part of thar coun- 
try and for four years was a journey- 
man watchmaker. Subsequently be- 
came a commercial traveler for several 
years, after which he moved to New 
York and with his brothers engaged 
in the wholesale embroidery business. 
In 1892 moved to San Francisco, where 
he became a member of the firm of 
Jules Levy & Bro., wholesale em- 
broidery and laces, of which firm he 
is secretary at the present time. Chair- 
man of house committee Hebrew 
Home for Aged Disabled; for several 
years member of the executive com- 
mittee of the Federation of Jewish 
Charities ; member of the Board of 
Governors of that organization ; mem- 
ber I. O. B. B. 



MEYER H. LEVY 

Residence, Edgewood avenue ; office, 
436 O'Farrell street, San Francisco. 
Born April 27, 1865, in San Bernardino, 
Cal. Son of Isaac H. and Johanna 
(Gans) Levy. Married to Rose Anita 
Harris. Educated in the public schools 
of San Francisco. Secretary Eureka 
Benevolent Society, 1898; Pacific He- 
brew Orphan Asylum and Home So- 
ciety, 1900; Jewish Ladies' Relief So- 
ciety, 1898; Mount Zion Hospital, 
1899; Hebrew Board of Relief, 1900; 
First Hebrew Benevolent Society, 1907 ; 
Federation of Jewish Charities since 
1910; member of executive committee 
of National Conference of Jewish Chari- 
ties 1900-1904; Temple Emanu-El. 



REV. M. S. LEVY 

Born in London, Eng., January 16, 
1852. Educated in the public schools of 
that city. Received his religious train- 
ing from private teachers. Served as 



WESTERN JEWRY 



203 



rabbi of congregation in ^Melbourne, 
Australia, for two years. Later came to 
the United States to accept position as 
rabbi of San Jose Jewish community, 
where he remained eight years, after 
which he accepted a call from the First 
Hebrew Congregation of Oakland, re- 




Levy 



maining ten years in that community. 
He was then elected rabbi for the Con- 
gregation Beth Israel (Geary Street 
Temple) of San Francisco. On August 
12, 1916, Rabbi Levy will celebrate the 
twenty-fifth anniversary of his ministry 
with that congregation. Editor "Jewish 
Times" for manv vears. 



LEON LEWIN 

Residence, 2972 Pacilic avenue ; of- 
fice 100 Front street, San Francisco. 
Son of Simon Lewin. Married Lillie 
Goodman of San Francisco in 1897. 
Two children, Jack and Marjorie. Ed- 
ucated in Germany. Moved to the 
United States at the age of thirteen 
and was engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits in New York and in St. Louis, 
Mo. Subsequently he moved to Cali- 
fornia and was merchandising in this 
State and Oregon for two years. Later 
he moved to San Salvador, Central 
America, where he was engaged in the 



mercantile business, which he devel- 
oped to large proportions. In 1897 
moved to San Francisco and estab- 
lished a coflfee importing business, 
with connections in Hamburg, Guate- 
mala and Salvador. He continues in 
that business at the present time. In 
1912 he realized the possibilities of 
California as a rice-producing center 
and has largely interested himself in 
that industrv. His interests include 




Leon Lewin 



rice raising and milling. Member of 
Temple Emanu-El ; Concordia and 
San Francisco Commercial Clubs ; Fed- 
eration of Jewish Charities. 



EDWARD S. LEZINSKY 

Residence, 3267 Jackson street ; of- 
nce 154 Sutter street, San Francisco. 
Born June 21, 1870, in San Francisco. 
Son of Samuel and Augusta (Living- 
ston) Lezinsky. Married Beatrice 
Badt of San Francisco in 19(X). Chil- 
dren, IMaury, Edward S., Jr., and 
Robert. Educated in the public schools 
of San Francisco. Started his business 
career as a clerk, subsequently becom- 
ing a commercial traveler. Realizing 
the possibilities in ladies' ready-to-wear 
apparel on the Pacific Coast he estab- 



204 



WESTERN JEWRY 



lished himself in the wholesale cloak 
and suit business. At present he is 
the head of the firm of Lezinsky 
Brothers with headquarters in San 
Francisco and branches in New York, 
Seattle, Los Angeles, Spokane and 
Portland, the largest business of its 




Edward S. Lezinsky 

kind west of Chicago. He is one of 
the organizers and charter members of 
the Far Western Traveling Men's As- 
sociation, a trustee and member of the 
Sherith Israel Congregation and a 
member of the Federation of Jewish 

Charities. 

SAMUEL LEZINSKY 
Residence, 3267 Jackson street, San 
Francisco. Born in Labishine, Prussia, 
Germany in 1839. Son of Rabbi Marcus 
Joseph Lezinsky. Married Augusta 
Livingston of San Francisco in 1869. 
Children, Edward S. Lezinsky, Leon 
Lezinsky, Marcus Joseph Lezinsky, 
Mrs. Sam Caro, Mrs. Oscar Tobriner 
and Mrs. Louis Honig. Educated in 
Germany. Arrived in San Francisco 
via the Lsthmus in 1855, where he 
clerked for his uncle. Lesser Lezinsky, 
in a dry goods store until 1859, when 
he established himself in that busi- 
ness. In 1874 he opened the Silk 



House, which he continued until 1883, 
when he became interested in mining 
in the Southern Nevada mines, Es- 
meralda county, Nevada. Subsequently 
he was engaged in mercantile pursuits 
and in 1906 retired from active busi- 
ness. During his early career in San 
Francisco he took an active interest in 
amateur dramatics and was a clever 
actor, having always appeared for 
charity. One of the founders of B'nai 
B'rith library and one of the early 
presidents. Member of the First He- 




Samuel Lezinsky 

brew Benevolent Society and Sherith 
Israel Congregation. One of the first 
members and past president of Pacific 
Lodge, No. 48, I. O. B. B., Federation 
of Jewish Charities. He was one of 
the jury of award P. P. I. E. 



BENJ. LIEDERMAN 

Benjamin Liederman occupies the 
position as cantor of Temple Israel. 
The foundations of his profession were 
carefully laid under the supervision of 
renowned cantors of Europe. He studied 
at the London Conservatory of Mu- 
sic. At an early age he became choir- 
master and tenor soloist in the most 
prominent congregation of Manches- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



205 



ter, England, which position he filled 
for two consecutive years. Upon his 
arrival in the United States he was 
called to occupy the position as cantor 
of the Ohel Jacob Congregation at Bos- 
ton, remaining there one year. Respond- 
ing to a desire to see the West, he came 
to San Francisco in 1904. Ten years 
ago his present position was tendered 




Benjamin Liederman 

him, where he is still most active, his 
eflforts adding much to the dignity and 
standing of cantorship in the West. 
Cantor Liederman married in January, 
1910, to Daisy Cohn of San Francisco. 



DAVID L. LIKNAITZ 

Born Mitau, Courtland, Russia, Au- 
gust, 1873. Son of Judah and Feige 
( Liebe) Liknaitz ; descended from a 
family of rabbis. Educated in the 
elementary schools of Mitau and the 
Talmudical school. Studied under 
Rabbi Chayim Leib Tiktinsky for two 
years. Entered the German Gymnas- 
ium and passed his examinations there 
for secunda. Later moved to Berlin, 
where he remained for a short time. 
Subsequently moved to the United 
States, w^here he taught Hebrew and 
German in the Jewish Orphan Asylum 
in Philadelphia, Pa. Gv:: hntcd frn-!i 



the University of Pennsylvania with 
the degree of S. B. Post graduate of 
Columbia University, specializing in 
Semitics, and in the same year at- 
tended the Jewish Theological Sem- 




Da\ui L. Liknaitz 

inary. While in Xew York he organ- 
ized' the Z. B. T. fraternity. Rabbi 
at Syracuse, 1900-1904; in Leaven- 
worth until August, 1915. \\'hile at 
the latter city he acted as chaplain at 
the Federal prison. Professor of Ger- 
man and Hebrew at Kansas City Uni- 
versity. Rabbi of Congregation Sinai, 
Los Angeles at the present time. 



JESSE WARREN LILIENTHAL 

Residence, 2027 Sacramento street ; 
office Flood building, San Francisco. 
Born in Haverstraw, N. Y., August 
2, 1855. Son of Dr. Max and Pepi 
(Nettre) Lilienthal. [Married Lillie S. 
Bernheimer of Xew York December 
14, 1886. One son, Jesse Warren, Jr. 
Graduated from Woodward High 
school, Cincinnati in 1870. Cincinnati 
College in 1872 with degree of LL. B. 
Har\^ard College in 1876, degree of 
LL. B. Engaged in the practice of law 
in Xew York and from 1888 until 1894 
membei of the law firm of Bettens & 



206 



WESTERN JEWRY 



Lilienthal. In 1894 moved to San 
Francisco, where he continued the 
practice of his profession. In 1910 he 
became a member of the law firm of 
Lilienthal, McKinstry & Raymond, 
which continues at the present time. 
President of San Francisco Bar Asso- 
ciation, two terms; president of Re- 
creation League, president of Economic 
Club, president of San Francisco Tu- 




Jesse Warren Lilienthal 

berculosis Association, president of 
United Railways since 1913, director 
and vice-president of Congregation 
Emanu-El, director of Boys' and Girls' 
Aid Society, director of Remedial Loan 
Association, director of Travelers' Aid 
Society, director of Child Labor Com- 
mittee, president of the Society for the 
Study of the Exceptional Child, di- 
rector of California Tuberculosis As- 
sociation, member of the probation 
committee of the Juvenile Court, di- 
rector and counsel of Anglo-London & 
Paris National Bank and Anglo-Cali- 
fornia Trust Company. Member of 
Federation of Jewish Charities. 



DAVID LIVINGSTON 

Residence, Richelieu hotel ; office 
Geary and Grant avenue. San Fran- 
cisco. Born in Fritzlar, Germany, Feb- 
ruary 9, 1856. Son of Joseph and Blum- 



chen (Lowenstein) Livingston. His 
primary education was received in Ger- 
many. Married December, 1882, to 
Lina Siebenhauer. Children, Mrs. Irma 
Kaiser of San Francisco and Mrs. Helen 
Lieberman of Philadelphia. Arrived in 
California in May, 1873. Started a dry 
goods business in 1875 at the southeast 
corner of Polk and Pine streets, San 
Francisco, remaining there for ten years, 
when he moved to San Bernardino, Cal, 
and was there in business for a like pe- 
riod. Returned to San Francisco in 1896 
and engaged in business at Post and 
Kearny streets. The great fire of 1906 
caused its removal to Fillmore and 
Geary streets, where he remained for a 
period of six years, when he moved to 
his present premises at Grant avenue 



.^;a,^'^^^m«sv^^>- 




David Livingtson 

and Geary. The business is conducted 
under the firm name of Livingston 
Brothers Company, ladies' ready-to-wear 
garments. Member of Temple Emanu- 
El, Federation of Jewish Charities, As- 
sociated Charities and other charities ; 
Concordia Club. 



PHILIP HYMAN LIVINGSTON 

Residence, 612 Haight street; office, 
888 Market street. San Francisco. 
Born in Germany December 25, 1851. 
Son of Isaac Livingston. Moved 



WESTERN JEWRY 



207 



to California in 1860. Received his 
education at Lincoln Pligh School and 
Heald's Business College. Commenced 
work as bookkeeper in San Francisco. 
Later engaged in railroading for some 
time. Shipping clerk in Virginia City 
with Mackay, Fair, Flood & O'Brien 
for a period, when he moved to San 
Francisco. Engaged in railroading for 
a short time and established a jewelry 
business. Retired from business since 
1905. 

Member of Olympic, Indoor Yacht 
Clubs; L O. O. F., Red Men, Amer- 




years president of Laurel Hall Club 
and for many years chairman of ex- 
ecutive committee of that organization. 
Assisted in organizing the California 
State Federation of Women's Clubs 
and was the first recording secretary 
and subsequently president of the San 
Francisco district of that federation. 
]\Iember of executive board of San 
Francisco Chapter of American Na- 
tional Red Cross Society. Chairman 
hospitality committee, Manila library 
committee San Francisco Red Cross, 
during Spanish-American war. Char- 
ter member and director California 
Club ; chairman arbitration department 
of that club. Member of Board of Na- 
tional Arbitration and Peace Committee 
for some time. \'ice-president Local 
Council of Jewish Women. President 



Philip Hyman Livingston 

ican Foresters and Associated Chari- 
ties. First president of the Hebrew 
Home for the Aged Disabled. 

Married, June 5, 1875, Rachael Rob- 
inson of Sacramento, deceased June 
11, 1911; December 31, 1911, to Cora 

Deltmer. 

MRS. L LOWENBERG 

]\Irs. I. Lowenberg, founder of Philo- 
math Club, was born in Alabama. 
Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William 
Lilienfeld (deceased), and was edu- 
cated in the convent of Cape Girardeau, 
Mo. For a number of years vice- 
president of Temple Emanu-El kinder- 
garten school. For three consecutive 




Mrs. I. Lowenberg 

San Francisco Maternity two years. 
President of Women's Auxiliary of the 
California Prison Commission two 
vears. Vice-president San Francisco 
Association for the Blind. President 
Pacific Coast Women's Press Club two 
years. President Philomath Club for 
many years. Originator of the Pan- 
ama-Pacific International Exposition 
Congress of Authors and Journalists 



208 



WESTERN JEWRY 



under the auspices of the Pacific Coast 
Women's Press Association. Vice- 
president Emanu-El Sisterhood for 
several years. Member of a number 
of philanthropic and literary organi- 
zations. In the latter part of Decem- 
ber, 1909, Mrs. Lowenberg suggested 
to Mrs. Lovell White (deceased) the 
feasibility and the advisability of the 
formation of a woman's organization 
of California to assist in a campaign 
that the Exposition to commemorate 
the completion of the Panama Canal 
be held in San Francisco. A meeting 
was called by Mrs. Lovell White and 
Mrs. Lowenberg January 3, 1910, and 
held in the rooms of the California 
Club building. Those who responded 
were Mrs. Lovell White, Mrs. I. Low- 
enberg, Mrs. John F. Merrill, Mrs. Irv- 
ing M. Scott and Miss Laura McKin- 
stry. The following officers were 
elected : President, Mrs. Lovell White ; 
vice-presidents, Mrs. I. Lowenberg, 
Mrs. John F. Merrill, Mrs. Irving M. 
Scott, Mrs. William H. Crocker, Mrs. 
Homer S. King and Miss Laura Mc- 
Kinstry. The organization was named 
the Women's International Exposi- 
tion Association and telegrams were 
sent to LTnited States Representatives 
David Foster of Vermont and William 
H. Rodenberg of Illinois as chairmen 
of Foreign Afifairs and Industrial Ex- 
positions, to reconsider their opposi- 
tion and to urge their support for the 
Exposition to be held in San Francisco. 
From this small beginning developed 
that splendid organization known as 
the Woman's Board Panama-Pacific 
International Exposition, with Mrs. 
Phoebe A. Hearst honorary president, 
and Mrs. Frederick G. Sanborn, presi- 
dent. Mrs. Lowenberg is the author 
of numerous short stories and essays 
on various topics, especially on peace 
and arbitration ; two books, "Irresist- 
ible Current," a plea for universal re- 
ligion ; "A Nation's Crime," a plea for 
uniform divorce laws. 



REV. EDGAR F. MAGNIN 

Born in San Francisco in 1890. Edu- 
cated in the public schools and Lowell 
High School of that city. His early Jew- 
ish education was obtained at Congrega- 
tion Beth Israel. Graduated from the 




Rev. Edgar F. Magnin 

University of Cincinnati in 1913 with 
B. A. degree, and the Hebrew Union 
College as rabbi. After graduation he 
accepted a call to Stockton, Cal., serving 
there one year and three months. Called 
to Los Angeles as associate rabbi of 
Temple B'nai B'rith December. 1915. 
Contributing editor of "Emanu-El" of 
San Francisco. Married Evelyn Rosen- 
thal of Cincinnati J'-ine 15, 1916. 



EMANUEL JOHN MAGNIN 

Residence, 5 E. Fifty-eighth street; 
office 461 Fourth avenue. New York 
City. San Francisco office, Geary and 
Grant avenue. Born 1870 in London, 
England. Son of Isaac and Mary Ann 
(Cohen) Magnin. Married Rose 
Fleischhauer of New York in 1908. At 
the age of five moved with his par- 
ents to the United States. Educated 
in the public schools of San Francisco 
until he was fourteen years of age, 
when he entered the employ of his 
father, I. !\lagnin & Co., and continued 



WESTERN JEWRY 



209 



until 1898. when he became a member 
of the firm. Upon the death of his 
father, in 1907, he was made president 
of that concern, which position he 
holds at the present time, conducting 
the eastern interests of the business. 



Member Garfield Lodge. No. 889. F. & 
A. M., New York; Montefiore Lodge, 
L O. B. B.. Congregation Temple Beth- 
El, New York; San Francisco Adver- 




Emanuel John Magnin 

Member of Quaker Ridge Country 
Club, Woodmere Country Club and 
Ocean Countiy Club of New York 
and City Athletic Club of New York, 
San Francisco Federation of Jewish 
Charities and thirty-eight charitable 
organizations in New York. 




Harry Marcus 

tising Association. Contributor to Pitts- 
burgh Association Philharmonic Socie- 
ties. 



GROVER A. MAGNIN 

Residence, 1899 California street; 
office Grant avenue and Geary street. 



HARRY MARCUS 

Residence. 330 Fifteenth avenue ; of- 
fice The Emporium, San Francisco. Born 
June 3. 1884, in Roumania. Son of Abra- 
ham and Leah (Alter) Marcus. Grad- 
uate of New York City Grammar School. 
Special course. College of the City of 
New York. Graduate, School of Polit- 
ical Economy, Pittsburgh University. 
Sales manager Holmes Music Company, 
]\Iiddleton, N. Y., for three years. As- 
sistant manager Bloomingdale Brothers. 
New York, for seven years. Manager 
Jacob Doll & Sons. Pittsburgh, for three 
years. Manager piano department. The San Francisco. Born in San 
Emporium, since November 1, 1914. December 4, 1886. Son of 




Grover A. Magnin 



Francisco 
Isaac and 



210 



WESTERN JEWRY 



]\Iary Ann (Cohen) ]\Ia,tjnin. Graduate 
of Adams" Grammar School, Lowell 
High School, Boone's University School. 
After leaving school came into the busi- 
ness of his father, I. Magnin & Co., of 
which firm he is today vice-president 
and manager. Member of Federation of 
Jewish Charities ; Concordia Club, Com- 
mercial Club and Press Club. 



SIEGFRIED G. MARSHUTZ 

Residence, Los Angeles. Born in 
1862 in Germany. Son of Morris and 
Gettie (Steinfeld) Marshutz. His father, 
a teacher and cantor in Bavaria, 
now retired ; officiated also as rabbi of 




Siegfried G. Marsliutz 

the town. Educated in the high schools 
of Germanv ; after his graduation he was 
employed by his uncle, a glass manufac- 
turer of Furth, Bavaria ; during this 
time he studied the optical business. In 
September. 1883, came to New York, 
went West immediately, arrived in San 
Francisco in 1884 and in 1885 established 
an optical business in Sacramento, where 
he remained until 1887, when he moved 
to Los Angeles, where he established his 
present business under the firm name of 
Marshutz Optical Company. 

Married in 1891 to Hattie Wolfstein. 



Two children, Herbert S. and Stephen 
C. During the time he resided in Sac- 
ramento he was a member of B'nai Israel 
Congregation. For several years vice- 
president B'nai B'rith Congregation of 
Los Angeles. \'ery active in B'nai 
B'rith affairs. Was one of the founders 
and the first president of the B'nai B'rith 
lodge of Los Angeles. Chairman of 
Sabbath school committee of B'nai B'rith 
Congregation for a number of years. 
Was chairman of committee appointed 
by the B'nai B'rith lodge to establish an 
orphans" home in Los Angeles. This 
committee founded the Jewish Orphans' 
Home of Southern California ; there- 
after was elected and served for seven 
years as president of that institution ; re- 
signed in 1914, but remained on board 
of directors, and is now honorary presi- 
dent of that organization. It was through 
his untiring efforts that the home was 
established, and during his administra- 
tion over $100,000 was raised for the 
erection upon ten acres of ground of 
the most up-to-date orphans' home west 
of New York. One of the organizers of 
the Federation of Jewish Charities of 
Los Angeles and member of executive 
committee. Member of Jewish War 
Sufferers Relief Committee of Los An- 
geles. For four years member of the 
Los Angeles Public Library Commis- 
sion. Member of Municipal League, 
Thirty-second Degree Mason, Shriner, 
Chamber of Commerce, Merchants' & 
Manufacturers' Association, Automobile 
Club, Concordia Club and Sierra Madre 

Club. 

LOUIS METZGER 
Residence, 2209 Van Ness avenue ; 
office, 58 Second street, San Francisco. 
Born in New York City, December 28, 
1856. Son of Charles and Caroline 
(Sallinger) Metzger. Married July 
25, 1911, to Lillian Baddeley. Moved 
to California 1865. Educated at Lin- 
coln Grammar School, San Francisco, 
from which he graduated in 1870. En- 
gaged as clerk in a stationerv store 



WESTERN JEWRY 



211 



from 1870 to 1878; stationery and paper 
business 1878 to 1884; brokerage busi- 
ness 1884 to 1900; capitalist 1900 to 
the present time. Twice delegate to 
Democratic national convention in 
Chicago 1884 and 1892; delegate to city 
and State conventions many times ; 
chairman of board of trustees of Iro- 
quois Club (oldest Democratic organi- 
zation in California ) twenty-six years : 
past grand sachem and past grand 
treasurer State League of Iroquois 
Clubs; past president I. O. B. B. Mem- 
ber of Temple Emanu-El and other 
congregations in San Francisco. .Af- 
filiated with nearly all Jewish organi- 
zations as well as Federation of Jewish 
Charities, and contributor to Jewish 
and Christian organizations. 



Meyer, where he continues at the 
present time under the firm name of 
Daniel Meyer & Co. Member of Con- 
gregation Emanu-El, Federation of 
Jewish Charities, Associated Charities, 
Concordia and Olympic clubs. 



BEN R. MEYER 

Residence, 2601 Grand avenue; office 
740 South Broadway, Los Angeles. Born 
in San Francisco in 1879. Son of Moses 
Meyer. Educated in the public and high 
schools of San Francisco. After leaving 



HENRY MEYER 

Residence, Z2 Presidio Terrace ; office 
244 Pine street, San Francisco. Son 
of Jonas and Julia (Newhouse) Meyer. 
Married Selda Falck of Buffalo, N. Y., 





Ben R. Meyer 

school w^as a clerk in a retail store in 
Stockton for about two years. In 1900 
moved to Los Angeles where, with his 
brothers, Alexander Meyer and Louis 
Meyer, engaged in the wholesale and re- 
tail millinery business under the firm 
name of Meyer Brothers, which con- 
tinued until 1909, when he went into the 
firm of K. Cohn & Co. In July, 1914, 
became vice-president of Kaspare Cohn 
Commercial & Savings Bank, which of- 
fice he holds at the present time. Di- 
October 10, 1877. Three children, rector of Farmers' & Merchants' Na- 
Mrs. Ernest J. Sultan, Julian J. and tional Bank of Los Angeles, San Joaqum 
Alfred F. Meyer. Educated in the Light & Power Corporation. Has nu- 
public schools of San Francisco, merous other interests. Married in 
Heald's Business College, after which 1905 to Ray Cohn, daughter of Kaspare 
he entered the banking firm of Daniel Cohn of Los Angeles. President of Fed- 



Henry Meyer 



212 



WESTERN JEWRY 



eration of Jewish Charities of Los An- 
geles until 1916; director of that or- 
ganization at the present time. President 
of Los Angeles Concordia Club until 
1915. Vice-president of Kaspare Cohn 
Hospital. Member of Congregation 
B'nai B'rith, I. O. B. B., San Francisco 
Concordia Club. 



Travelers' Association. Federation of 
Jewish Charities. Interested in real 
estate in San Francisco. 



BENJAMIN F. MEYER 

Residence, 226 Arguello boulevard ; of- 
fice 114 Sansome street. San Francisco. 
Born in San Francisco May 15, 1866. 
Son of Oscar and Bertha (Michelson) 
Meyer. Married August 11, 1892, to 




Benjamin F. Meyer 

Sadie Abrahms. Educated at Lincoln 
Grammar School in 1878, Hayes X'alley 
Grammar School in 1880. Heald's Busi- 
ness College in 1881. During 1882 em- 
ployed by Michels Friedlander & Co.. 
wholesale fancy goods, in 1884 employed 
by Sachs Bros. & Co.. 1885 to 1892 
traveled for Buyer & Reich, and the fol- 
lowing year entered into the wholesale 
cloak and suit business under the firm 
name of Meyer Cloak & Suit Company, 
which continues to the present time. 
Member of San Francisco Commercial 
Club, Chamber of Commerce. San Fran- 
cisco Board of Trade. Pacific Coast 



MARTIN A. MEYER 

Residence, 2109 Baker street. San 
Francisco. Born in San Francisco 
January 15, 1879. Son of Charles and 
Louisa B. (Silverstein) Meyer. Re- 
ceived degree of B. A. from University 




Martin A. Meyer 

of Cincinnati in 1899; B. D. Hebrew 
Union College, Cincinnati, 1901 ; fel- 
low, American School, Jerusalem, 
1901-2; Ph. D. Columbia University, 
1906. Married Jennie May Haas 
of Cincinnati T"ne 19, 1905. Rabbi, 
Albany, N. Y.', 1902-6; Brooklyn, N. 
Y., 1906-10; Temple Emanu-El of San 
Francisco January 1, 1910, to date. Di- 
rector of Jewish Chautauqua Society, 
Jewish Education Society, California 
Commission for the Prevention of 
Blindness; president of Big Brother 
Movement of San Francisco, vice-presi- 
dent of Jewish Publication Society of 
America, member of Board of Library 
of Hebrew Classics, California Tuber- 
culosis Advisory Commission, Cali- 
fornia Commission of Charities and 
Corrections, lecturer of L'niversity of 



WESTERN JEWRY 



213 



California since January, 1911, director 
of Archaeological Institute of America, 
San Francisco branch ; member of 
American Oriental Society, American 
Jewish Historical Society, American 
Folklore Society, Beta Phi Kappa fra- 
ternity, Beresford Country, Common- 
wealth, Faculty and Concordia clubs. 
Author of "History of the City of 
Gaza," "Jew and Non-Jew, 1913," 
"Methods of Teaching Post-Biblical 
History and Literature, 1915," con- 
tributor to Jewish Encyclopaedia, 
editor of "Sermons and Addresses of 
Jacob Voorsanger, 1913," editor of 
"Emanu-El" May, 1910, to August, 
1911. Editorial contributor since 1913. 



MORRIS MEYERFELD, JR. 

Residence, 1809 California street ; 
office, Orpheum theatre, San Fran- 
cisco. Born December 17, 1855, in 
Beverungen, Westphalia, Germany. 
Son of Herz and Jette ]\Ieyerfeld. Mar- 




Morris Meyerfeld, Jr. 

ried March 14, 1886, to Nannie A. 
Friedman. One daughter, Mrs. Leon 
L. Roos. Educated in the schools of 
Beverungen and Cologne, Germany. 
Moved to California in 1874, and was 
employed in Vallejo in the dry goods 
firm of S. Dannenbaum. Subsequently 



he l:)ecame a member of the firm, con- 
tinuing there until 1880, when he 
moved to San Francisco, where he be- 
came a member of the firm of Sieben- 
hauer, Meyerfield & Co., cigar manu- 
facturers, which continued until 1890. 
Member of the firm of Meyerfeld, 
Mitchell & Co., wholesale wines and 
liquors, until 1896, when he became 
president of the Orpheum Theatre & 
Realty Company, where he continues 
at the present time. Director Anglo- 
London and Paris National Bank ; sub- 
director P.-P. L E., 1915 ; director Mount 
Zion Hospital ; chairman finance com- 
mittee of that hospital. Member Tem- 
ple Emanu-El, Federation of Jewish 
Charities and other charitable organi- 
zations. Member of Argonaut, Con- 
cordia, Union League and Beresford 
country clubs, and I. O. O. F. Dele- 
gate Republican convention, 1912. 



LEOPOLD MICHELS 

Residence, Hotel St. Francis; office 
740-44 Mission street, San Francisco. 
Born in Meddersheim, Germany, April 
5, 1850. Son of Ludwig and Henrietta 
Michels. Married Carrie Halbron Oc- 
tober 25, 1876. Educated at college in 
Sobernheim, Germany, after which time 
arrived in New York, where he remained 
a short time, subsequently settling in the 
South. In the fall of 1863 he enlisted 
in the Confederate army in the regiment 
of General Nathan B. Forrest and served 
until 1864, when he was taken prisoner, 
shortly after the celebrated Memphis 
raid which was led by General Forrest. 
After the war he returned to New York 
and in May, 1867, arrived in San Fran- 
cisco. In 1876 established himself in the 
business of manufacturing gents' fur- 
nishing goods under the firm name of 
Weil & Michels, which continued until 
1882, when they bought out the firm of 
Greenebaum, Sachs & Freeman and the 
firm was changed to Greenebaum, Weil 
& Michels, of which firm he is now presi- 
dent. In 1900 he organized the Metro- 



214 



WESTERN JEWRY 



politan Light & Power Company and 
was president of that company until 
1912, when it was sold to the Pacific Gas 
& Electric Company. President of the 
Winnemucca Water & Light Company, 



turning to San Francisco he continued 
in the watchmaking and jewelry busi- 
ness. For some time conducted the New 




Leopold Michels 

director McCormick Saeltzer Company, 
Redding, Cal. ; director Western States 
Life Insurance Company, director Hotel 
St. Francis, treasurer San Francisco 
Board of Trade, member Temple 
Emanu-El, Federation of Jewish Chari- 
ties and other charitable organizations. 
Concordia Club and Beresford Country 

Club. 

MAX MORGEN 
Residence, 851 California street: of- 
fice 888 Market street. Born in Krakau, 
Austria, March 8, 1879. Son of Raphael 
and Anna (Zukermann) Morgen. Mar- 
ried Henrietta R. Morrison August 9. 
1910. Educated in the public schools of 
Austria and later in private school of 
Sacramento. Served his apprenticeship 
as a watchmaker. Moved to the United 
States in 1896 and settled in San Fran- 
cisco, where he was employed as a watch- 
maker. Subsequently moved to Sacra- 
mento where, after a short time, he 
bought a jewelry business which he con- 
ducted for three and one-half vears, Re- 




Max Morgen 

York Jewelry Manufacturing Company 
in San Francisco. In 1911 he estab- 
lished the Morgen Jewelry Company, of 
which he is proprietor. Member of Ma- 
sonic order and I. O. O. F. 



GEORGE MOSBACHER 

Residence, Los Angeles. Born in Mil- 
tenberg, am Main, Bavaria, in 1852. Son 
of Joseph Mosbacher. Married in 1883 to 
Dora Hirschberg, who died in 1898. One 
daughter, Mrs. Sam M. Behrendt of Los 
Angeles. Educated in Bavaria and at 
the age of fourteen moved to New York, 
where he was employed in various oc- 
cupations for about twelve years, when 
he moved to Chicago, 111., and was em- 
ployed as bookkeeper in Joliet. Subse- 
quently was employed by a Chicago firm 
and later went to Stillwater, Minnesota, 
where he opened a branch store for that 
concern which he conducted for five 
years. He then moved to Oakland, where 
he established the firm of Mosbacher 
Cloak & Suit House. In 1902 he inaug- 
urated the "profit-sharing system" for 
his employes, which system is still in 



WESTERN JEWRY 



215 



vogue. In 1909 retired from active man- congregation in Sheffield, England, 
agement of the business and moved to for nearly three years, holding that 
Los Angeles. He is a member of I. O. position from 1889 to 1892. In May, 



B. B., member Congregation in IMilten- 
berg, near Frankfort, Germany. Mem- 




George Mosbacher 

ber of Temple Sinai, Oakland, and one 
of its early presidents. Director of B'nai 
B'rith Congregation, Los Angeles ; presi- 
dent of Los Angeles Federation of Jew- 
ish Charities, vice-president of the Jew- 
ish Orphans' Home of Southern Cali- 
fornia. Member of Masonic order, Con- 
cordia Club. 

DR. JACOB NIETO 

Dr. Jacob Xieto was born in Lon- 
don on December 22, 1863, and left for 
the West Indies, Jamaica, B. W. I., 
where he was educated under the im- 
mediate supervision of three eminent 
Scotchmen, who were at the time re- 
garded as authorities on classics, Eng- 
lish and mathematics, respectively. In 
1879 he visited New York, where he 
stayed for three years, attending the 
public schools of New York (C. C. N. 
Y.) and also the Emanu-El Prepara- 
tory School. In 1883 he returned to 
England, completing a graduate and 
post-graduate course at Jews' College, 
London, and occupied the pulpit of the 



1893, Rabbi Nieto arrived in San Fran- 
cisco and was unanimously elected 
rabbi of the Congregation Sherith 
Israel, where he is still rabbi. 

Rabbi Nieto has held many im- 
portant public positions during the 




Dr. Jacob Nieto 

twenty-three years of his residence in 
San Francisco, and has taken a promi- 
nent part in all the public movements 
that have gone on during that time. 
He is president of the International 
Industrial Peace Association, president 
of the Northern California Anti-Capital 
Punishment Society, past grand presi- 
dent District No. 4, I. O. B. B., mem- 
ber of the International Peace Associa- 
tion, member of various fraternities, in 
all of which he has held high and im- 
portant offices. 



ISAAC NORTON 

Residence, Los xA.ngeles. Born in 
Warsaw, Poland, in 1844. Son of Moses 
Norton. Moved to New York at the 
age of five and was educated in the public 
schools of that city. After leaving school 
he learned the jewelry trade; subse- 
quently clerked in a stock and bond 



216 



WESTERN JEWRY 



brokers" office and later engaged in the 
jobbing business. In 1869 moved to Los 
Angeles, where his brothers were located 
in the mercantile business. In 1881 es- 
tablished a retail merchandise store in a 
mining camp in California, which he 
continued successfully vmtil 1886, when 
he returned to Los Angeles and entered 
the real estate and insurance business 
and was one of the organizers of the 
Metropolitan Building & Loan Associa- 




Isaac Norton 

tion, of which concern he is secretary to 
date. He organized the Central Broad- 
way Building Company, of which he is 
president. Married in 1875 to Bertha 
Greenbaum. Children are Samuel T., 
Albert M., Mrs. M. B. Desenberg of 
Monrovia. Was one of the organizers 
of the Free Loan Society Member of 
B'nai B'rith Congregation, for a number 
of years trustee and director of that 
synagogue ; president of Hebrew Be- 
nevolent Society, president of Hebrew 
Consumptive Relief Association of Los 
Angeles, member executive committee 
of Federation of Jewish Charities. Past- 
president I. O. B. B., No. 487. and or- 
ganized the first lodge in Los Angeles, 
known as Orange lodge. Member of 
Masonic order, Los Angeles Realty 
Board, Chamber of Commerce. 



DR. LEO NEWMARK 

Residence, Hotel St. Francis ; office, 
135 Stockton street, San Francisco. 
Born May 22, 1861, in San Francisco. 
Son of J. P. and Augusta ( Leseritz) 
Newmark. Educated in the public 
schools of San Francisco and Gym- 
nasium, in Berlin. Has practiced 
his profession in San Francisco since 

1890, chiefly treating diseases of the 
nervous system. Has been chief of 
the department of nervous diseases at 
the San Francisco Polyclinic since 

1891, and was for some years professor 
of clinical neurology in the medical de- 
partment of the University of Cali- 
fornia. Has published a number of 
articles dealing with nervous diseases 
in the medical journals of the United 
States and Germany. Member of Ar- 
gonaut Club of San Francisco. 



M. H. NEWMARK 

Residence, Los Angeles. Born in 
Los Angeles March 3, 1859. Son of 
Harris and Sarah (Newmark) New- 




M. H. Newmark 

mark. Married Rose Newmark, daugh- 
ter of Joseph P. Newmark of San 
Francisco July 3, 1888. One child, 
Mrs. Sylvain S. Kaufifman. Educated 
in ])rivate schools of Los Angeles and 



WESTERN JEWRY 



217 



New York. Studied in Paris for three 
years. After completing his studies in 
1876 entered the employ of H. New- 
mark & Co., later becoming a member 
of the firm. When the firm of M. A. 
Newmark & Co. was formed in 1885, 
he became a member of that concern 
and continues as vice-president at the 
present time. Vice-president Harris 
Newmark Company ; vice-president 
Los Angeles Brick Company. One of 
the organizers of the Associated Job- 
bers of Los Angeles and president for 
thirteen years. For a number of years 
director and vice-president of Mer- 
chants" and Manufacturers" Associa- 
tion. Formerly director of Los An- 
geles Chamber of Commerce. Former 
director of Los Angeles Board of 
Trade ; member of Consolidation Com- 
mission, which consolidated the harbor 
with Los Angeles ; harbor commis- 
sioner for some time. One of the or- 
ganizers and directors of the South- 
west Museum. With his brother. 
]\Iarco R., editor of "Sixty Years of 
Southern California." Member of 
Congregation B'nai B'rith, I. O. B. B., 
Federation of Jewish Charities. Ma- 
sonic order, Shriner. 



University, Los Angeles Athletic and 
Concordia clubs. In March, 1914, 
took charge of the Nathan Straus Pal- 
estine Advancement Society. With 
his brother, M. H., editor of "Sixty 
Years of Southern California."' 



MARCO R. NEWMARK 

Residence, Los Angeles. Born Octo- 
ber 8, 1878, in Los Angeles. Son of 
Harris and Sarah (Newmark) New- 
mark. Married Constance Meyberg 
June 6, 1906. Two children, Harris, 
Jr., and Eleanor. Educated in the pub- 
lic and high schools of Los Angeles ; 
Dr. Saxe's School, New York ; L^ni- 
versitv of California ; Universitv of 
Berlin. Junior partner of the whole- 
sale grocery firm of M. A. Newmark 
& Co. Secretary Jewish Orphans' 
Home of Los Angeles ; past president 
Los Angeles Lodge No. 487, L O. B. B. 
Treasurer and director Merchants" 
and Manufacturers" Association ; direc- 
tor Civic Center Association ; mem- 
ber Westgate Lodge, F. and A. M.; 



MORRIS A. NEWMARK 

Residence, Los Angeles. Born in 
Prussia, 1850. Son of Abraham New- 
mark. Early education was received 
in Prussia. Arrived in California 
1865. For a very short time in San 
Francisco, after which he moved to 
Los Angeles, where he was employed 
by the late Harris Newmark until 
January, 1873, when he became a mem- 
ber of the firm. President of the whole- 
sale grocery house of M. A. Newmark 
& Co. at the present time, which 
was organized in 1885. Married Har- 
riett Newmark, daughter of J. P. New- 
mark in 1876. Member of B'nai B'rith 
Congregation for many years ; member 
of the Los Angeles Federation of Jew- 
ish Charities and other organizations. 



LOUIS W. NEUSTADTER 

Ofifice. 461 Mission street, San Fran- 
cisco. Born in San Francisco Novem- 
ber 12. 1873. Son of Jacob H. and Dora 
( Dannenberg) Neustadter. Married 
Elsa Ehrman in 1904. Educated in pri- 
vate schools and at the age of eighteen 
entered the firm of Neustadter Brothers, 
manufacturers and jobbers of men's fur- 
nishing goods. Treasurer of that firm 
at the present time. Director of the 
Young Men's Hebrew Association, vice- 
president of Civic League of Improve- 
ment Clubs, member of Masonic bodies, 
Scottish Rite. Thirty-second Degree ; 
Shriner and the Olympic Club. 



EDGAR DAVIS PEIXOTTO 

Residence, 3956 Washington street ; 
ofifice Nevada Bank building, San 
Francisco. Born in New York Decem- 
ber 23, 1867. Son of Raphael and Myr- 
tilla T. (Davis) Peixotto. Married 



218 



WESTERN JEWRY 



Malvina E. Nathan of New York Sep- 
tember 22, 1905. Moved to San Fran- 
cisco in 1868 and was educated in the 
public schools of San Francisco, grad- 
uating from Hastings College of Law 
in 1888. Admitted to the bar of the 
State of California at San Francisco 




Edgar Davis Peixotto 

in 1888. Appointed assistant to Dis- 
trict Attorney W. S. Barnes in 1893. 
Sheriff's attorney in 1899, since which 
time he has been engaged in private 
practice. Delegate to National Re- 
publican convention in 1896 and in 
1900 was appointed secretary to the 
National Republican delegation which 
went to Philadelphia. Attorney for 
the Downtown Association, member of 
the Portola executive committee, Pan- 
ama-Pacific Exposition committee, 
Masonic order, Union League, Bohe- 
mian and Olympic clubs. 



A. L. PEYSER 

Residence, 1458 Page street ; ofifice 
Fourth and Market streets, San Fran- 
cisco. Born in Susanville, Cal., in 1865. 
Son of Samuel Peyser. Educated in 
Susanville until he was twelve years old ; 
attended the Reno High school for four 
years, after which time he clerked in 



San Francisco until 1893, when he 
started in the clothing business for him- 
self and established the retail business of 
S. N. Wood & Co., which has grown to 
its present large proportions. Operating 




A. L. Peyser 

stores in San Francisco, Oakland and 
New York. He is president of that firm 
at the present time. Married July 12, 
1893, to Annie Wood of San Francisco. 
Two children, Dorothy and Ruth Peyser. 
Member of the Union League and Young 
Men's Hebrew Association. 



SAMUEL POLACK 

Residence, 2525 Polk street, San 
Francisco. Born July 15, 1835, in 
Hamburg, Germany. Educated in the 
public schools and studied Hebrew by 
private teachers in Hamburg. Moved 
to the United States in 1856 and set- 
tled in New York. In 1859 he moved 
to Hartford, Conn., where he mar- 
ried Pauline Sternberg (deceased). 
Subsequently he moved to New Haven, 
Conn., where he remained a few 
months, later returning to New York. 
In 1863 he moved to San Francisco, 
where he engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness until 1877, when he entered the 
insurance business, in which he con- 
tinues. One of the organizers of the 



WESTERN JEWRY 



219 



Hebrew Home for the Aged Disabled. 
A member of the board of directors 
from its organization until 1890, since 
which time he has been its president. 
Member of Sherith Israel, 1863 to 
1870. One of the founders of the Con- 
gregation Shareth Zedek in 1870. 
Member of I. O. O. F. 



REV. J. RABINOWITZ 

Born in \Hna, Russia, May 15, 1863. 
Brother of renowned cantor of Libau, 
Abraham M. Rabinowitz, and of Je- 
hudah Rabinowitz, cantor of Dvinsk. 
Studied cantorship and music at Libau 
and later at Vienna. Of^ciated as can- 
tor at Congregation Taharath Hak- 
kodesh in Vilna. Came to the United 
States in 1899 and after one year's can- 
torship at Denver, Colo., accepted a 
call to Congregation Beth Israel, San 
Francisco, Cal., in 1890, where he in 
same vear married Louisa Jochelson of 
his native city. Celebrated his silver 
jubilee as cantor of the same congrega- 
tion in August, 1915. 



M. A. RAPKEN 

Residence, 2443 Sutter street, San 
Francisco. Born in Australia. Son of 
Councilor Simon Rapken of Mel- 
bourne, Australia. Educated in Mel- 
bourne and was engaged in commercial 
pursuits there until February, 1895, 
when he moved to San Francisco, 
where he is the representative of the 
Bernheim Distilling Company under 
the firm name of Rapken & Co., 
Limited. One of the founders and life 
governors of the Gemilus Chasodim of 
Melbourne. Life member of the Mel- 
bourne Hebrew Philanthropic Society. 
Treasurer of East Melbourne Hebrew 
Congregation ; councilor of Northcote, 
Australia. Member of the board of 
advice for the school district of North- 
cote, Victoria, Australia. One of the 
life governors of the Melbourne Jew- 
ish Aid Society. Member of the board 



of directors of Melbourne Flebrew 
Orphans' Association ; actively identi- 
fied with the various religious, educa- 
tional and philanthropic institutions of 
Melbourne. Vice-president of Con- 
gress of Commercial Travelers in 1915. 
Director of the Pacific Coast Commer- 
cial Travelers' Association ; chairman 
of sick and relief committee, Cali- 
fornia Division, Travelers' Protective 
Association of America ; member of 




M. A. Rapken 

United Commercial Travelers of Amer- 
ica ; vice-president Australasian Asso- 
ciation of California. Member of 
Liberty Bell committee of San Fran- 
cisco in 1915; past president of Free 
Loan Society ; president of The Shelter ; 
member of National Farm School ; di- 
rector Immigration Aid Society ; mem- 
ber Agudath Zion Society ; director of 
Keneseth Israel Congregation ; mem- 
ber of Sherith Israel, Ohabai Shalome, 
Beth Israel and Anshe Sfard and Rou- 
manian Congregations. Member of 
United Grand Lodge of Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons of England. 
Member of Royal Arch Masons under 
date of April 12, 1901 ; Druids, Royal 
Arch. Loyal Order of Moose. San 
Francisco Civic League of Improve- 
ment Clubs. 



220 



WESTERN JEWRY 



LEOPOLD RANSOHOFF 

Residence, 3659 Washington street; 
office 230 Post street, San Francisco. 
Born in Peckelsheim, Westphalen, Ger- 
many, in 1848. Son of Dr. Sigmund 
and Caroline (Ballin) Ransohoflf. Mar- 




Leopold Ransohoff 

ried Rosalie Steinfeld in New York Sep- 
tember, 1878. Graduate of the Gymna- 
sium in Braunschweig, Germany. Moved 
to Philadelphia at the age of eighteen, 
where he was employed in the mercantile 
business for two years, then moved to 
Salt Lake City, where he was employed 
by his brothers. He continued there for 
two years, when he moved to Denver, 
Colo., where he established himself in 
business. In 1902 moved to San Fran- 
cisco, where he established his present 
business. Member of the Federation of 
Jewish Charities and various mercantile 

associations. 

STEPHEN S. RAU 
Residence, 1899 California street; of- 
fice, Grant avenue and Geary streets, 
San Francisco. Born June 26, 1869, 
in Nurnberg, Germany. Son of Salo- 
mon and Sarah (Lehman) Rau. Mar- 
ried in 1899 to Lucile Magnin. Edu- 
cated in Germany and graduated from 
the First Gvmnasial Classe. In 1886 



came to New York. Engaged in the 
wholesale business in New York for 
twelve years, after which he moved to 
Alabama, where he was in the gen- 
eral retail dry goods business until his 
removal to California in 1899, when he 
entered the firm of Magnin & Co., of 
which firm he is now secretary and 
treasurer. Member of Olympic and 
Press clubs and Federation of Jew^ish 

Charities. 

SAMUEL H. RICH 
Residence, 3180 Washington street; 
office 608 Insurance Exchange build- 
ing, San Francisco. Born March 9, 
1866, in San Jose, Cal. Son of Heimann 
and Ernestine (Hirshberg) Rich. His 




Samuel H. Rich 

father was well known as a Hebrew 
scholar. Nephew of Jacob Rich, the 
l)uilder of the electric railroads of San 
Jose. Educated in the public schools 
of San Jose, Cal. Attended San Jose 
Commercial College. In the jewelry 
business in San Jose and Oakland until 
1897, when he entered the office of 
Jane L. Stanford as bookkeeper for 
Leland Stanford Junior University ; 
later he became cashier of the board of 
trustees of that university, which po- 
sition he holds at the present time. Up 



WESTERN JEWRY 



221 



to the time of the death of Mrs. Stan- 
ford he kept her private accounts. He 
was also private secretary to her 
brother, Charles G. Lathrop, up to the 
time of his death. He is at present also 
connected with the Lathrop estate. 
Member of Masonic order, B. P. O. E., 
N. S. G. W., Federation of Jewish 

Charities. 

REUBEN R. RINDER 
Residence, San Francisco. Born in 
Roza, Tarnow, Galicia. Son of ]\Ioses 
and Esther (Feld) Kinder. Married 
Rose Perlmutter of Xew York in 1914. 
Graduated from the public schools of 




Reuben R. Rinder 

his native town. Attended high school 
and Jewish academy in Tarnow, Gali- 
cia. Entered the Manhattan College 
of Music in New York, and received 
private instructions from Prof. Leon 
^L Kramer. Admitted as special stu- 
dent at the City College of New York. 
Studied Hazanuth under private tutor- 
ship with Obercantor Rosenblum of 
Tarnow, Sabbati Weingarten and Rev. 
Israel Goldfarb of Xew York. Elected 
cantor of the orthodox synagogue of 
Greenpoint, Brooklyn, X. Y., in 1908. 
Subsequently called to Temple Beth 
El, Brooklyn, as cantor, where he also 



acted as superintendent of the reli- 
gious school. In 1912 accepted- a call 
from Congregation B'nai Jeshurun, N. 
Y., succeeding Cantor E. Kartschma- 
roff. In 1913 was elected cantor and 
reader of Temple Emanu-El of San 
Francisco, where he continues at the 
present time. Member of the Cantors' 
Association of America. Ex-president 
of Halevy Choral Society of New 
York. ^lember of I. O. B. B. Agudath 
Zion; Federation of Jewish Charities. 

DAVID S. ROSENBAUM 

Residence, St. Francis hotel, San 
Francisco. Born in Cunrauth, Ba- 
varia, Germany, July 14. 1843. Son of 
Samuel Rosenbaum. [Married Emilie 
Hart in Stockton in 1874. (Deceased 




David S. Rosenbaum 

1915.) Children, Sol Rosenbaum (de- 
ceased), Mrs. Carl Triest of Los Angeles, 
Mrs. Eugene ]\Ieyberg of Los Angeles 
and Mrs. Jerome W.Frank of New York. 
Educated in his native town and at the 
age of thirteen moved to New York, 
where he was employed in the factory 
of his uncle, Philip Frankenheimer. 
Subsequently moved to Stockton, 
where he clerked for his uncle, B. Fran- 
kenheimer. In 1869 he established 
himself in the general mercantile busi- 



222 



WESTERN JEWRY 



ness under the firm name of D. Rosen- 
baum, which business developed to 
large proportions and in which he con- 
tinued until 1914, when he retired. 
In 1875 he became interested in the ex- 
ploitation of farming and grazing 
lands and owned large acreages in San 
Joaquin, Stanislaus and ]\Ierced coun- 
ties. In 1889 he, together with P. P. 
Eraser, organized the Earmers' & Mer- 
chants' Bank of Stockton, of which 
bank he became vice-president until 
1910, when he w^as president, retiring 
a few months later. Member of Temple 
Emanu-El and Stockton Congregation 
(during his residence there) and trustee 
of that synagogue, trustee of Stockton 
Lodge, I. O. B. B. ; member of San 
Erancisco Eederation of Jewish Chari- 
ties, Concordia Club. 



JOSEPH HYMAN ROSENBERG 

Residence, 1258 Eighteenth avenue: 
office 7Z Ellis street, San Erancisco. 
Born January 15, 1870, in Bromberg. 




Joseph Hyman Rosenberg 

Prussia. Son of Hyman and Therese 
(Glicksman) Rosenberg. Married Jan- 
uary 26, 1896. to Martha Jacobs of San 
Erancisco. Attended the Gymnasium in 
Bromberg to lower secunda. which, be- 
ing promoted in 1884, entitled him to 



one year service in the German army. 
Learned the retail linen and underwear 
business in Graudenz, West Prussia, 
for three years. In 1887 moved to 
Berlin, where he resided for six months 
in the same business. Six months in 
\A'ernigerode, Germany. Visited Erank- 
fort am Main for three months. Eor two 
years in woolen and underwear business 
in Hamburg. For six months in Salt 
Lake City. Moved to San Francisco in 
February, 1892, where he was city sales- 
man in the merchant tailoring busi- 
ness. From 1893 to 1904 member of the 
firm of Borck & Rosenberg, merchant 
tailors. He conducted his business 
alone until 1912, when the firm of 
Rosenberg, Gabert Company, Inc., was 
incorporated, which continues at the 
present time. Member of Masonic 
order, Montefiore lodge, I. O. B. B., 
I. O. O. F., Knights of Pythias, East- 
ern Star ; Past Matrons' & Past Pa- 
trons' Association of California, Wood- 
men of the World, National Union, 
Eederation of Jewish Charities, Ohabai 
Shalome Congregation. 



SAMUEL ROSENHEIM 

Office, 1101-8 Chronicle building, 
San Francisco. Born November 17, 
1863, at Portland, Ore. Son of Aaron 
and Pauline (Schwab) Rosenheim. 
Educated in the public schools of Ore- 
gon and California. Studied law in 
the offices of ex-L^nited States At- 
torney-General George H. Williams, 
Portland, Ore., who was then associ- 
ated in the practice of law with 
Henry Ach and C. E. S. Wood, and 
later in San Francisco was associated 
with Albert '\\. Johnson, brother of 
Governor Hiram Johnson, from 1906 
until the time of I\Ir. Johnson's death, 
since which time he has been associated 
with Joseph Rothschild and H. B. M. 
Miller. Engaged in general civil prac- 
tice, making a specialty of trial prac- 
tice. Has been connected with many 
noted cases, notably representing the 



WESTERN JEWRY 



223 



able and fearless lawyer in handling 



depositors in the California Safe De- and jobbers of shoes. In 1879 he or- 
posit & Trust Company litigation. He ganized the firm of I. L. Rosenthal & 
is one of the best-known lawyers in Brother. After the business was estab- 
California and has a reputation as an lished he traveled for Martin, Hecht 

& Co. ; later represented Buckingham 
& Hecht, where he was employed in 
the Portland agency, traveling through 
the Northwest for that firm. The firm 
of I. L. Rosenthal & Brother having 
grown apace, he resigned his position 
and returned to San Francisco, where 
he devoted his energies to the up- 




Samuel Rosenheim 

all matters. He represents many cor- 
porations. Handling a vast number 
of cases in the last thirty years. Mr. 
Rosenheim has never taken an active 
interest in politics, never accepting any 
public office. ^Member of Doric Lodge, 
[Masonic order; Concordia Club, San 
Francisco Bar Association. 



ISAAC L. ROSENTHAL 

Residence, 1964 Pacific avenue ; of- 
fice 151 Post street, San Francisco. 
Born in Beerfelden, Hessen, Germany, 
in 1855. Son of Jacob Hirsch and 
Adelheid (Kaufmann) Rosenthal. Mar- 
ried Amelia Rosenthal of San Fran- 
cisco in 1895. Children, Marian, Elise 
and Edel Lucille. Educated in the 
public schools of his native town. 
[Moved to the United States at the age 
of sixteen and after eighteen months 
residence in the State of Virginia 
moved to San Francisco in 1873, where 
he clerked for Buckingham & Hecht 
and Hecht Bros & Co., manufacturers 




Isaac L. Rosenthal 

building of hi.^ own business. Subse- 
quently the firm was incorporated un- 
der the firm name of Rosenthal's, Inc., 
of which concern he is president, con- 
ducting two stores in San Francisco, 
one in Oakland and one in Los An- 
geles. Member of Temple Emanu-El. 
Federation of Jewish Charities and 
Concordia Club. One of the founders, 
with four others, of the [Merchants' As- 
sociation, which is now merged with 
the San Francisco Chamber of Com- 
merce, and one of its original directors. 



DANIEL ROTH 

Residence, San Francisco; office 214 
Front street, San Francisco. Born in 
Boux wilier, France, February 1, 1841. 



224 



WESTERN JEWRY 



Son of Salomon and Katherine (Jacob) 
Roth. Educated in the primary school 
and college of his native city. In 1858 
at the age of seventeen he came to the 
United States on the steamer "Vanter- 
bilt," remaining one year in New York 
and Philadelphia he came to San Fran- 
cisco, where at once he became a clerk 




Daniel Roth 



with the firm of Verdier, Scellier, Kain- 
dler & Co., which at that time was the 
largest dry goods firm in San Francisco 
and still in existence under the firm 
name of the City of Paris. Xot con- 
tent to work for other people, Air. 
Roth after one year's employment 
started a wholesale furnishing goods 
business in Portland, Ore., in partner- 
ship with Bailey Gatzert. When the 
gold rush started in Idaho he, like 
many others, got the fever ; he sent a 
stock of goods to Idaho, going himself, 
establishing there a successful busi- 
ness. \\'hile on a visit to his parents 
in France in 1869 he met Jeannette 
Julie Wolfif, whom he later married 
and, having sold out his business in 
Idaho, he established himself in San 
Francisco in 1874, entering the pork 
and beef packing business of Michels- 
sen. Brown & Co., which was later 
merged into the firm of Roth, Blum 



Packing Company, which is continued 
to date, operated by Isidore L. Blum 
and Lester L. Roth, sons of the mem- 
bers of the firm. The firm of Roth, 
Blum Packing Company established 
the California Tallow Works, of which 
firm ]\Ir. Roth is president. During 
the last twenty years they have en- 
gaged extensively in the whaling and 
trading industries, also represented 
Russian firms for many years as pur- 
chasing agents for Siberia and Petro- 
grad. Mr. Roth is the father of 
Jeanne ; Rennee, wife of Manfred Bran- 
denstein ; Lester L. Roth. For many 
years director of the Eureka Benev- 
olent Society, and of the board of gov- 
ernors of Pacific Hebrew Orphan 
Asylum and Home Society. Member 
of Temple Emanu-El, Federated Jew- 
ish Charities, Jewish Consumptive Re- 
lief Society of Denver, 'Jolo., Chamber 
of Commerce, Mercantile Library, Con- 
cordia Club and several French socie- 
ties. 

JOSEPH M. ROTHCHILD 

Office, Mills building, San Fran- 
cisco. Born in Louisville, Ky., in 
1852. Son of Samuel and Sarah Roth- 
child. Educated in the public schools 
of Kentucky. Attended Yale College, 
received the degree of LL. B. in 1871 
from the LIniversity of Kentucky. En- 
gaged in the general practice of law 
in San Francisco since graduation. 
Senior member of the firm of Roth- 
child, Golden & Rothchild. Married 
Adelaide Marx, June, 1875. Children. 
Samuel M., Mrs. Irma R. Kohn of 
Chicago and Herbert L. Member of 
Temple Emanu-El, Federation of Jew- 
ish Charities, San Francisco Bar As- 
sociation. 

FRED ROTH 

Residence, 1770 Pacific avenue; of- 
fice Mutual Bank building, San Fran- 
cisco. Born April, 1855, in New York 
City. Son of Jacob Roth. His edu- 
cation, which was very me.iger, was 



WESTERN JEWRY 



225 



received in New York and at the age 
of eleven he went to work as a cash 
boy in a store. In 1877 went into the 
diamond business on ISIaiden Lane, New 
York, in the employ of Bruhl & Co., and 
remained with this firm for seventeen 
vears, until they went out of business, 




Fred Roth 

when he became a traveler for the dia- 
mond firm of L. & M. Kahn & Co. 
for ten years. In 1911 he moved 
to San Francisco, where he be- 
came vice-president of the firm of 
yi. Schussler & Co., wholesale dia- 
monds, watches and jewelry. In Jan- 
uary, 1916, he became president of th.it 
firm, where he continues to date. In 
1911 he married the widow of the late 
M. Schussler. Member of Temple 
Emanu-El, Federation of Jewish Chari- 
ties, Associated Charities, Concordia 
Club, San Francisco Civic League and 
other organizations. 



JOHN ROTHSCHILD 

Office, Market and Spear streets, 
San Francisco. Born April 29, 1870, 
in Hofgeismar, Germany. Son of 
Samuel and Rosa (Dannenbaum) 
Rothschild. Married in 1905 to Grace 
Hecht of San Francisco. Two chil- 



dren, Joan Grace Rothschild and John 
Rothschild, Jr. Educated in Germany, 
at Gottingen. He had planned to study 
law, but owing to the death of his 
father he gave up school and went into 
commercial pursuits. In 1888 he came 
to the United States, locating first at 




John Rothschild 

New Orleans, later in Vallejo and San 
Francisco, where he was engaged in the 
mercantile business. In April, 1902, 
established the export and import firm 
of John Rothschild & Co., with direct 
branches at Bremerton, Manila, Hono- 
lulu, Guam and New York, and 
branches all over the world. ]\Iember 
of Beresford Country, Olympic, Ar- 
gonaut and Union League clubs ; Ma- 
sonic order ; Federation of Jewish 
Charities; member of the California 
Promotion Committee ; California De- 
velopment Board ; Chamber of Com- 
merce, and an officer of the Musical 
Association of San Francisco. 



JOSEPH ROTHSCHILD 

Residence, 2424 Buchanan street ; 
office Chronicle building, San Fran- 
cisco. Born in San Francisco October 
5, 1857. Son of Henry and Hannah 
(Mossheim) Rothschild. Married to 



226 



WESTERN TEWRY 



Hannah Kahn Tauber July 31, 1907. 
Educated in the pubHc and high schools 
of San Francisco. Graduated from 
Yale University in 1879. Admitted to 
the bar of Supreme Court of Con- 
necticut and to the Supreme Court of 
California in 1879, United States Su- 
preme Court in 1895. Commenced the 
practice of law in San Francisco im- 
mediately upon his admission to the 
California bar and in March. 1911, be- 




Joseph Rothschild 



came senior member of the firm of 
Rothschild, Rosenheim, Schooler & 
Miller, which continues at the present 
time. Member of Board of Education 
in 1889-90, ex-president of the Demo- 
cratic county committee of San Fran- 
cisco, vice-president and acting chair- 
man of the Democratic State central 
committee in 1902-1906. President since 
its organization of the South of Market 
Street Improvement Association, mem- 
ber executive committee of the Civic 
League, executive committee of the 
Greater San Francisco Committee, 
president Exposition Committee of 
Improvement Clubs. On March 6, 
1913, elected president of San Fran- 
cisco Tunnel League. San Francisco 
Chapter Royal Arch Masons, Doric 
Lodge, No. 216, F. & A. M. ; past grand 



president District No. 4, I. O. B. B.; 
past president Free Sons of Israel. 
Fourteen years one of the judges of 
the Constitution Grand Lodge, I. O. 
B. B. ; for ten years president B'nai 
B'rith Hall Association. Member of 
N. S. G. W., Concordia and Yale 
clubs. Temple Emanu-El, Federation 
of Jewish Charities, San Francisco Bar 

Association. 

MRS. HENRY SAHLEIN 

Mrs. Henry Sahlein, daughter of 

Philip I. Fisher, was born in San 

Francisco and educated in California. 

Married in San Francisco to Henry 




Mrs. Henry Sahlein 

Sahlein. Mrs. Sahlein, one of the pro- 
moters of the San Francisco center of 
the California Civic League, is active 
in the woman's sufifrage movement and 
was selected by the women physicians 
of the San Francisco Children's Hos- 
pital to represent them on the board 
of directors for 1916. Past president 
and one of the organizers of the Philo- 
math Club, one of the first members of 
the Woman's Auxiliary for the Cali- 
fornia Society for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Children; resigned in 1916 
Member of advisory council of the Ju- 
venile Protective Association at one 



WESTERN JEWRY 



227 



time. One of the organizers of the 
People's Philharmonic Orchestra. Pres- 
ident of the San Francisco District 
Council of Jewish Women in 1914-1915 
and 1915-1916. Member of Temple 
Emanu-El and of various Jewish or- 
ganizations. 

MAURICE SALZMAN 
Office, 1015 \'an Xuys building, Los 
Aneeles. Born in Arizona in 1885. 
Son of ]Max Salzman. Educated at the 
grammar school of Williams, Ariz., St. 
Matthews Military School, San Mateo; 




Maurice Salzman 

graduate of the Los Angeles High 
School. Attended Gymnasium in Ber- 
lin, Germany ; attended University of 
Southern California for two years and 
in 1911 received degree of LL. B. from 
the University of Southern California 
law school. Admitted to the bar of 
California in that year. Commenced 
the practice of law in the office of 
Oscar Lawler in Los Angeles and con- 
tinued there for two years. In 1914 
became a member of the firm of 
Behymer, Craig & Salzman, where he 
continues at the present time. In 
1913 he was appointed by Governor 
George \\'. Hunt commissioner of 
deeds of Arizona. Editor of the "Border 



Magazine" in 1909. Member of B'nai 
B'rith Congregation, Masonic order, 
Scottish Rite, Thirty-second Degree ; 
Shriner. Past president of Los An- 
geles Lodge, No. 487, I. O. B. B. ; one 
of the organizers of the Jewish Profes- 
sional Men's Club of Los Angeles. 
Member of the Los Angeles Bar Asso- 
ciation. 



LEONHARD O. SAMTER 

Residence, 2576 Washington street ; 
office, 758 Mission street, San Fran- 
cisco. Born in St. Louis, Mo., Novem- 
ber 30, 1879. Son of Louis and Han- 
nah (Fischer) Samter. Educated in the 
public schools of ^lemphis, Tenn., and 
Urban Academy of San Francisco. 
Moved to San Francisco in 1898. Di- 
rector L. Samter & Sons at the pres- 
ent time. Member of Federation of 
Jewish Charities and other charitable 
organizations. 



MAURICE L. SAMTER 

Residence, 2576 Washington street ; 
office, 758 Mission street. Born in St. 
Louis, Mo., September 28, 1882. Son 
of Louis and Hannah (Fischer) Sam- 
ter. Moved to San Francisco in 1898. 
Married November 8, 1911, to Lucille 
Schloss. Educated in the public 
schools of Memphis, Tenn.. and Lowell 
High School, San Francisco. Vice- 
president and secretary of L. Samter & 
Sons. Member of the Federation of 
Jewish Charities and other organiza- 
tions. 

SAMUEL L. SAMTER 

Residence, 2576 Washington street ; 
office, 758 Mission street, San Fran- 
cisco. Born in St. Louis, Mo., August 
27, 1876. Son of Louis and Hannah 
(Fischer) Samter. Educated in the 
public schools of St. Louis, Mo., and 
Memphis, Tenn. Moved to San Fran- 
cisco in 1898. President of L. Samter 
& Sons at the present time. Mem- 
ber Temple Emanu-El, Federation of 
Jewish Charities and Argonaut Club. 



228 



WESTERN JEWRY 



BEN SCHLOSS 

Residence, 226 Sixteenth avenue : 
ofifice 42 Beale street, San Francisco. 
Firm name, Schloss Manufacturing 
Company, sole owner, with two sons in 
the business. Born January 12, 1850, 




Ben Schloss 

in Troy, N. Y. Son of Siegmund and 
Regina (Cahn) Schloss. Married July 
14, 1878, to Elizabeth Cohen of San 
Francisco. Children, Mrs. Hugh 
Johns, Mendel J. Schloss, Mrs. James 
Sanford of Sacramento, Mrs. Louis 
Constine and Sigmund V. Schloss. 
Educated in the public and high schools 
of New York City. At the age of fif- 
teen came alone to San Francisco and 
shortly afterwards moved to Portland, 
Ore., where he was employed by the 
wholesale house of M. Seller & Co. as 
bookkeeper and afterwards as com- 
mercial traveler. In 1867 he had his 
parents and four sisters come to the 
Coast to make their home in Portland, 
Ore., who afterwards removed to Cali- 
fornia. In 1871 he returned to San 
Francisco, later beginning as commer- 
cial traveler for the firm of Straus, 
Kohnstamm & Co., with whom he con- 
tinued until 1882, at which time he 
organized the firm of Cerf, Schloss & 



Co., importers of crockery and glass- 
ware, which business was continued 
for fifteen years. Then Mr. Cerf re- 
tired ; the firm continued under the 
name of Schloss Crockery Company, 
which continued until 1912. In conse- 
quence of his invention and manufac- 
ture of an improved fruit jar, called 
the Golden State Jar, the firm name 
changed to the Schloss Manufacturing 
Company, he still continuing as the 
sole owner. Grand president of Grand 
Lodge, District No. 4, I. O. B. B., in 
1906. Vice-president for a number of 
years and now president of Jewish 
Educational Society, president of 
Young Men's Hebrew Association for 
several years, president of Traveling 
Men's Congress of the Pacific Coast 
for four years. V'ice-president of The 
Shelter, member of subscription com- 
mittee of Federation of Jewish Chari- 
ties. Vice-president of Park Richmond 
Improvement Club. Member of Temple 
Emanu-El for over thirty years. San 
l-Vancisco trustee of the National Hos- 
l^ital for Jewish Consumptives of 

Denver. 

JACOB SCHLESINGER 

Residence, 1422 Courtland street, Los 
Angeles. Born in Posen, Germany, in 
1844. Son of Raphael Schlesinger and 
one of seventeen children. Educated in 
Posen and in 1860 arrived in Los An- 
geles, where he was employed until 1868, 
when he established himself in busi- 
ness and so continued until 1888, when 
he retired from active business. During 
the Civil War he went to New York to 
enlist in the army, but not being able to 
meet the physical requirements he en- 
listed in the navy, serving on the "Poca- 
hontas" under Admiral Farragut for fif- 
teen months. After his retirement from 
the navy he became interested in Jewish 
philanthropic work. In 1878 he married 
Henrietta Newmark. Member of He- 
brew Benevolent Society of Los An- 
geles of which he served first as secre- 
tary, later as chairman of charity and 



WESTERN JEWRY 



99Q 



later as president. During that time he 
reaHzed the necessity of a hospital and 
was one of the organizers of Kaspare 
Cohn Hospital, of which he was presi- 
dent for several years. Member of Con- 
gregation B'nai B'rith. I. O. B. B., Ma- 
sonic order. Xoble grand of Pomona 
Lodge, I. O. O. F. ; member of Federa- 
tion of Jewish Charities and G. A. R. 



line. Moved to San Francisco at the 
age of three with his parents. Edu- 
cated in the public schools of San 
F"rancisco. Graduated from the Uni- 
versity of California in 1874 with de- 
gree of B. A., and graduated from 
Columbia University, N. Y., in 1876 
with degree of LL. B. For two years in 



GUSTAVE SCHNEE 

Residence and office, 80 Silver ave- 
nue, San Francisco. Born February 
28. 1870, in Galicia. Son of Ueon and 
Bassis (Muhlstock) Schnee. Married 
July 16, 1892, to Sarah Abrams. Edu- 
cated in the public schools of his native 
town from 1874 to 1884, and by private 
tutors in Hebrew until 1886. \A'as en- 
gaged as commercial traveler in Galicia 
until 1889, when he moved to the 
United States and settled in San Fran- 
cisco, where he was employed until 
1891, when he became a general house 
painting contractor and continued suc- 
cessfully in that business until 1910. 
In latter years he was appointed 
superintendent of the Pacific Hebrew 
Home for the Aged, where he con- 
tinues at the present time. President 
of the Sunnyside Improvement Clul) 
from 1895 to 1908; president of the 
Federation of Mission Improvement 
Clubs for four years ; life member of 
the General Contractors' Association ; 
trustee of the First Hebrew Benevolent 
Society since 1902 ; member of Federation 
of Jewish Charities : Associated Chari- 
ties : Consumptives' Hospital. Denver : F. 
& A. M. ; Scottish Rite bodies. Thirty- 
second Degree ; Shriner ; San Francisco 
Chapter R. A. M., also Council: W. 
O. W. ; Maccabees ; director of King 
Solomon's Temple Association since 

1904. 

SIMON C. SCHEELINE 
Residence, San Francisco. Born in 
Pennsylvania December 31, 185.3, son 
of Nathan Scheeline. Married Belle 
Claire Fleishhacker of San Francisco 
in 1895. One daughter, Claire J. Schee- 




Simon C. Scheeline 

the office of Judge Cardoza, New York. 
In 1878 he returned to San Francisco 
and formed a partnership with Judge 
Rosenbaum under tlie firm name of 
Rosenbaum & Scheeline (the firm, 
which was an authority on bonds), 
continued until the death of Judge 
Rosenbaum in 1905. He continued the 
practice of his profession alone until 
1913. when he retired. Member of 
Democratic State convention in 1897 ; 
member of Federation of Jewish Chari- 
ties ; I. O. O. F. ; National Union; San 
Francisco County Bar Association; 
San Francisco Commercial. Argonaut 
and Beresford Country clubs ; Chamber 
of Commerce. 



LOUIS SCHOENBERG 

Residence, 2010 Pacific avenue; of- 
fice Second street, San Francisco. 
Born February 2, 1859. in Germany. 
Married Pauline Morganthau, daughter 



230 



WESTERN JEWRY 



of Max Morganthau, one of the Cali- 
fornia pioneers, in 1890. Arrived in 
New York at the age of two and was 
educated in the New York public and 
private schools. He engaged in business 
in New York until 1874, when he came 
to California, where he has been en- 
gaged in commercial pursuits. Member 
of Congregation Emanu-El, I. O. B. B., 
Federation of Jewish Charities. 



LOUIS A. SCHWABACHER 

Residence, St. Francis hotel; office 
214 Front street, San Francisco. Born 
in 1869 in San Francisco. Son of 
Abraham and Sarah (Lehrberger) 
Schwabacher. ^Married December, 




Louis A. Schwabacher 

1914, to Mrs. Joseph M. Loewe of San 
Francisco. Educated in the public 
schools of San Francisco ; later at col- 
lege in Leipsic and a year in Paris. On 
his return from abroad entered the 
Stockton Milling Company and was 
one of the managers when that con- 
cern retired from business. At pres- 
ent he is director in the various Schwa- 
bacher interests in the State of Wash- 
ington. Member of the board of gov- 
ernors of Federation of Jewish Chari- 
ties ; one of the founders of that or- 
ganization. Director Mount Zion Hos- 



pital, Hebrew Home for Aged Disabled, 
president Concordia Club until June, 
1916. secretary Beresford Country Club, 
member Congregation Emanu-El. 



SIGMUND SCHWABACHER 

Residence, 1900 Jackson street, San 
Francisco. Born in Zirndorf, Bavaria, 
Germany, May 14, 1841. Son of Loew 
and Mina (Bloch) Schwabacher. Mar- 
ried to Rose Schwabacher March 15, 




Sigmund Schwabaclier 

1871. Educated in the public and 
Hebrew schools of his native town and 
Koenigliche Handelschule, Fuerth, 
Bavaria. Moved to the United States 
in 1858, and resided in New York un- 
til 1859, when he moved to San Fran- 
cisco, and in September of that year 
located in Portland, Oregon. In 1861 
moved to The Dalles, Oregon, and in 
1866 to Walla Walla, Washington 
Territory, where, with his brothers, 
Louis and Abraham, he established the 
firm of Schwabacher Bros. & Co, which 
concern is identified with the manu- 
facturing and commercial industries of 
Walla \\'alla and Seattle. In 1873 the 
firm engaged in flour-milling in Walla 
Walla and in California ten years later ; 
in the paper manufacturing business in 



WESTERN JEWRY 



131 



Oregon in 1889 and in California in 
1899. Since 1911 Sigmund Schwa- 
bacher has retired from active business. 
Member of Temple Emanu-El ; di- 
rector Federation of Jewish Chari- 
ties ; trustee Pacific Hebrew Orphan 
Asylum and Home Society ; vice-presi- 
dent Eureka Benevolent Society ; treas- 
urer Hebrew Board of Relief ; First 
Hebrew Benevolent Society and other 
organizations. 



DR. MELVILLE SILVERBERG 

Residence, 3817 Jackson street; of- 
fice, 1019 Head building, San Fran- 
cisco. Born in 1876 in San Francisco. 
Son of Simon and Jeanette ( Bachman) 
Silverberg. Married December 2, 1906, 
to Augusta Abenheim of San Fran- 
cisco. Educated in the public and high 
schools of San Francisco. Received 
degree of A. B. in 1897 from University 
of California ; degree of M. D. in 1902 
from Johns Hopkins University, Balti- 
more, Md. Surgical assistant in Mt. 
Sinai Hospital, New York in 1903-04. 
Post-graduate course in Europe in 
190-1-05. Commenced the practice of 
medicine, specializing as genito-uri- 
nary surgeon in San Francisco Decem- 
ber 1, 1905. Professor in College of 
Physicians and Surgeons, San Fran- 
cisco ; consulting urologist Mount Zion 
Hospital ; visiting genito-urinary sur- 
geon San Francisco County Hospital. 
^Member of Union League ai?d Com- 
monwealth clubs : American Urologi- 
cal Association ; California and San 
Francisco County Medical Societies, 
and American Medical Association ; 
honorary member Alpha Phi Sigma ; 
Jewish Medical Students' Fraternity, 
and Federation of Jewish Charities. 



SIG SIMON 

Residence, 1142 Jackson street; of- 
fice 1636 Bryant street, San Francisco. 
Born April 17, 1866, in Joehlingen, 
Baden, Germany Son of Jesias and 
Helena (Wolfif) Simon. Married Sep- 



tember 4, 1892, to Ida Jacobson. Edu- 
cated in the public schools of Ger- 
many. Moved to the United States in 
May, 1883 ; settled in Selma, Ala., 
where he learned the butcher business 
and for one year was in the employ of 
Koenigsthal Brothers, after which he 
resided one year in Tupelo, Miss., and 




Sig. .-iiii.i;. 

for several months in Louisville, Ky., 
when he returned to Selma and estab- 
lished a butcher business for himself. 
He sold out this business to open a fur- 
niture store in Montgomery, Ala., in 
1890, which he continued until 1906, 
when he moved to San Francisco, (in 
the meantime he established two retail 
stores in ^lontgomery, Ala. ) and on 
arrival organized with M. Spiegelman 
the Continental Bedding Manufac- 
turing Company, furniture and bedding 
manufactory, which continues now. 
Member of Federation of Jewish Chari- 
ties and other charitable organizations. 



HENRY SINSHEIMER 

Office, 110 Market street, San Fran- 
cisco. Born in Germany in 1854. Son 
of Zachary Sinsheimer. Married Net- 
tie Koshland, daughter of Simon Kosh- 
land in 1881. Two children, Stanley 
and Edgar. Educated in private 



22>2 



WESTERN JEWRY 



schools in Germany. After leaving 
school was employed as a clerk until 
1871, when he moved to New York, 
where he clerked in the mercantile 
business until 1874. Moved to San 
Francisco, where he was employed by 
Koshland Bros., wool merchants, later 
becoming- a member of the firm of S. 
Koshland & Co., where he continues at 




Henry Sinsheimer 

the present time. President of the 
Hebrew Board of Relief for over ten 
years ; president Eureka Benevolent 
Society for over ten years ; member of 
board of governors, Federation of 
Jewish Charities, past president and 
past vice-president of that organiza- 
tion ; trustee and treasurer of Remedial 
Loan Society; vice-president Mer- 
chants' Exchange ; member of Temple 
Emanu-El and Concordia Club. 



later entered business with his father in 
the Alaska Commercial Company. In 
1885 elected director of that company, 
and in 1902 elected vice-president. 
When the Northern Commercial Com- 
pany was formed in 1901 he was elected 
president of that company. Trustee Le- 
land Stanford, Junior, University ; vice- 
president Panama-Pacific International 
Exposition ; director of California Soci- 
ety of Pioneers ; Merchants" Exchange ; 
member of Board of Directors Congre- 
gation Emanu-El for a number of years ; 
INIember of Federation of Jewish Chari- 
ties ; Family, Bohemian, Olympic. Ar- 
gonaut, Presidio Golf, Transportation 
and San Francisco Commercial clubs. 



LEON SLOSS 

Office. Alaska Commercial building, 
San Francisco. Born in Sacramento 
Tune 26, 1858. Son of Louis and Sarah 
(Greenebaum) Sloss. Married Bertha 
Greenewald in 1887. Children : Louise, 
Louis, Jr., and Leon, Jr. Educated in 
the schools of California ; three years at 
schools of Frankfort, Germany; Univer- 
sity of California, class of 1879. He 



MARCUS C. SLOSS 

Residence, 840 Powell street ; office, 
Wells Fargo building, San Francisco. 
Born February 28, 1869. in New York. 
Son of Louis and Sarah (Greenebaum) 
Sloss. Married June 19, 1899, to Hat- 




Marcus C. Sloss 

tie L. Hecht of Boston, Mass. Three 
children, Margaret, Richard and Frank. 
Educated in the public and high 
schools of San Francisco, also Belmont 
School. Received degree of A. B. in 
1890 from Harvard University and in 
1893 received degrees of A. M. and 



WESTERN TEWRY 



233 



LL. B. from that institution. Ad- 
mitted to the bar of the Supreme Court 
of California in 1893. Member of the 
firm of Chickering, Thomas & Gregory 
until he was elected judge of the 
Superior Court of San Francisco 
county in November, 1900. term com- 
mencing January 1, 1901, which office 
he held until February, 1906, when he 
was appointed justice of the Supreme 
Court of California to fill the vacancy 
caused by the death of Justice Van 
Dyke. In November, 1906, elected to 
that office for the remainder of the 
term. In November. 1910, re-elected 
to that office for a full term of twelve 
years, commencing January, 1911. 
President of the Pacific Hebrew Or- 
phan Asylum and Home Society ; direc- 
tor of Mount Zion hospital ; member of 
American Jewish Committee for many 
years ; member of board of governors 
of Federation of Jewish Charities : 
member of board of trustees San 
Francisco Public Library ; member of 
Temple Emanu-El ; member of Bo- 
hemian, Family, Presidio Golf, Com- 
monwealth, Argonaut and Harvard 
clubs of San Francisco. 



in San Francisco, retail shoe business, 
which he continues at the present 
time. Member of Federation of Tew- 



MAX SOMMER 

Residence, 736 Ashbury street ; of- 
fice 838 Market street, San Francisco. 
Born June 6, 1866, in Hainstadt, Ba- 
den, Germany. Son of Seligman and 
Fannie (Reiss) Sommer. ^Married 
July 5, 1896, to Flora Lemle. Two 
children, Herbert and Florence. Edu- 
cated in the public school of Hain- 
stadt, high school of Buchen, college 
at Mannheim, Germany. Clerk in l)ank 
at Mannheim until 1883. when he 
moved to Baker City, Ore. Subse- 
quently he moved to Weiser, Idaho, 
where he was in the general merchan- 
dise business from 1886 to 1888. Com- 
mercial traveler for Stiner, Straus & 
Hyman, San Francisco, from 1888 to 
1894. During the latter year organ- 
ized the firm of Sommer & Kaufifmann 




Ma.x Sommer 

ish Charities, Associated Charities, 
Masonic order, Scottish Rite bodies, 
Shriner, Rotary Club, Advertising 
Men's Association and Downtown A.s- 

sociation. 

MORRIS SPIEGELMAN 
Residence, 1646 Sanchez street; of- 
fice 1636 Bryant street, San Francisco. 
Born July 4, 1872 in Warsaw. Son of 
Elieser and Mariem (WolfT) Spiegel- 
man. Married January 8, 1895, to 
Helene Schafir of Warsaw. Educated 
in private schools in Warsaw, thorough 
education in Hebrew and Talmud, also 
in Polish, Russian and English. Grad- 
uated in 1889 from the City Business 
College of Warsaw as bookkeeper. In 
wholesale lumber business in Warsaw, 
second largest in that city. Moved to 
New York in September, 1899, and the 
following year went to Montgomery. 
Ala., where he entered the dry good> 
business and continued until May. 
1906. when he moved to San Francisco, 
where with very little capital he started 
the mattress business, and with Sig 
Simon organized the Continental 



234 



WESTERN JEWRY 



Bedding Manufacturing Company, 
which continues at the present time. 
He owns one-half of the capital stock 
of that company. He now has a good 
many other interests in oil and real es- 




Morris Spiegelman 

tate. He takes an active interest in all 
Jewish afifairs. 

Has brought out his immediate 
family to the number of seventy and 
all being taken care of by him. ]Most 
of them are being employed by him. 
Member Congregation B'nai David, Fed- 
eration of Jewish Charities. Hebrew Im- 
migrant Aid Society, Hebrew Shelter, I. 

0. B. B., past president Free Loan So- 
ciety. • 

LOUIS MARTIN SPIEGL 
Residence, 121 Jordan avenue; of- 
fice 200 Washington street, San Fran- 
cisco. Born October 1, 1862, in New- 
York City. Son of Jacob and Mary 
(Klauber) Spiegl. Married in 1895 to 
Fannie Hardman. Four children, 
Ralph A., Melville K., Ellis H., Ernest 

1. Educated in the public and high 
schools of New York. After leaving 
school in 1880 moved to San Diego, 
Cal., where he remained for three years, 
then removed to Portland, Ore., where 
he was in business with his father 



under the firm name of J. Spiegl & Son. 
In 1885 formed the wholesale produce 
firm of Levy & Spiegl, which continues 
at the present time. In 1900 moved 
to San Francisco, where he entered 
the field of produce broker, acting as 
buyer for the Portland house. In 
1906 became a member of the produce 
firm of A. Levy & J. Zentner Com- 
pany, of which firm he is now secre- 
tary. This firm has branch houses in 
Oakland and Stockton. Member of 
Temple Emanu-El, Masonic order. 
Federation of Jewish Charities. 



THEODORE P. SPITZ 

Residence, New York City. Born in 
Bangor, Maine, May 31, 1854. Mar- 
ried Mary E. Smith in Portland, Ore., 
February 23, 1888. Graduate of the 
Male Central High School, Baltimore, 




Theodore P. Spitz 

Md. After leaving school was en- 
gaged in the retail dry goods business 
in St. Louis, Mo., for one year; subse- 
quently eighteen months in Chicago, 
when he moved to New York, where 
he was engaged in commercial pur- 
suits. In 1873 moved to San Fran- 
cisco, where he was commercial trav- 
eler for Son Bros. & Co. for a number 



WESTERN JEWRY 



235 



of years. Subsequently for a number 
of years in a like position with Brown 
Bros. & Co., wholesale clothing. In 
1893 was representative of the Trav- 
elers' Protective Association to the 
World's Fair at Chicago ; in the same 
year was delegate from that organiza- 
tion at Peoria, 111. In 1893 he moved 
to New York City, when he became 
president of the Travelers' Protective 
Association New York State division, 
which office he held for seven consecu- 
tive years. For a number of years 
American representative for several 
German cutlery concerns. In 1897 ap- 
pointed manager of Otto Heinze & 
Co., New York manufacturers of 
hosiery, and in 1900 established the 
Manhattan Textile Company, manu- 
facturers ; agent and manufacturers' 
agent of hosiery, of which concern he 
is president. For the past eighteen 
years selling agent of the Standard 
Hosiery Company. Member of various 
New York Jewish charitable organiza- 
tions. 

ADOLPH STAHL 

Residence, 1880 Jackson street, San 
Francisco ; office Guatemala, Central 
America. Born in Kempen, Germany, 
January 18, 1859. Son of I. L. and 
Augusta (Wartenberg) Stahl. Married 
to Rosa Cohen July 5, 1887. Three chil- 
dren, John, Lionel and Beatrice. Edu- 
cated in private and public schools of 
Kempen, Germany. Later the Gymna- 
sium, where he remained until he 
reached secunda. After leaving school 
he clerked and in 1875 he moved to the 
United States, arriving in San Francisco 
in March of that year. Subsequently he 
moved to San Luis Obispo, where he 
was engaged in commercial pursuits. In 
May, 1879, he moved to Guatemala, 
where he became a member of the firm 
of Schwartz & Co., bankers and ex- 
porters. In 1883 established a San 
Francisco branch under the firm name 
of Schwartz Brothers. For many years 



he has been the chief partner of these 
firms. He is the first director of the 
Bank of Guatemala (government bank), 
director Anglo-California Trust Com- 
pany. Director Mt. Zion Hospital. Mem- 
ber of Temple Emanu-El, Sherith Israel 




Adolph stahl 

Congregation, member of Federation of 
Jewish Charities and other charitable or- 
ganizations. For many years he has 
maintained charitable and religious or- 
ganizations in Kempen, Germany. Mem- 
ber of Argonaut, Concordia and Press 
clubs. 



EDWARD J. STARK 

Born in 1858 in Hohenems, Austria. 
Son of Cantor Joseph and Josepha ( Pol- 
lak) Stark. Studied music and singing 
under his father, who was a pupil of the 
celebrated Cantor Salomon Sulzer of 
Vienna. Came to California in 1893, pur- 
suant to a call to serve as cantor of Temple 
Fmanu-El of San Francisco. Held po- 
sition for twenty-three years and was re- 
tired on pension owing to ill health. 
Cantor Stark has composed and pub- 
lished several volumes of temple music 
and is one of the best known cantors in 
the L^nited States. 



236 



WESTERN JEWRY 



DAVID H. STEINER 

Residence, 151 Fourteenth avenue; of- 
fice 59 Stockton street, San Francisco. 
Born June 25, 1880, in St. Louis, Mo. 
Son of Simon and Rebecca (Wertheim) 
Steiner. Married March 10, 1912. to 




Da\ 111 H- .-itpiiier 

Mable Coblentz. Educated in the St. 
Louis Grammar School ; attended high 
school one year and one year attended 
business college. Associated with his 
father in St. Louis in the railroad tourist 
business, having charge of one of the of- 
fices. Handled two offices at the age of 
twenty-three, with a large force of men 
under his direction. IVloved to San Fran- 
cisco in April, 1908, where he estab- 
lished himself in the clothing business. 
At the present time he is the pro- 
prietor of the California Credit Clothing 
Company at 59 Stockton street. People's 
Credit Clothing Company at 327 Kearny 
street, ^Mission Credit Clothing Company 
at 2330 Mission street. He is very suc- 
cessful, doing a large business, employ- 
ing quite a number of people. Member of 
Federation of Jewish Charities, Mount 
Zion Hospital, San Francisco Commer- 
cial Club, Indoor Yacht Club, member 
of Greater San Francisco Association, 
Downtown & Mission Promotion Asso- 
ciations and Chamber of Commerce. 



IRVING LELAND STEINMAN 

Office, Hooker & Lent building, San 
Francisco. Born August 28, 1878, in Sac- 
ramento. Cal. Son of B. U. and Fanny 
( Sachs ) Steinman. Married May 27, 
1908, to Olga Friedman. Attended public 
and high schools of Sacramento. Grad- 
uate of Atkinson's Business College of 
Sacramento. After leaving school was 
in the employ of the Farmers' & Me- 
chanics' Savings Bank of Sacramento 
for eighteen months. Went to Europe 
for ten months with his father ; upon his 
return he commenced the business of in- 
troducing electric pianos in San Fran- 
cisco under the firm name of the Pom- 
mer, Eilers Company, which continued 
until the fire of 1906. when he became a 
member of the firm of Upton Bros. & 
Dalzelle, printers, where he continued 
for four years, then he became a member 
of the advertising firm of Honig Adver- 
tising Company, where he continued 
until February, 1915, since which time 
has conducted the Owl Publishing Com- 
pany and writing books on topics pertain- 
ing to psychology. Author of "Formula 
of Success," "Origin of Thought." 
"Ideal or Purpose," and a number of 
short stories. Secretary of P. C. Numis- 
matic Society. In August, 1915, ap- 
pointed district secretary for California, 
Nevada, Oregon and Washington for 
American Numismatic Association. 
Member of San Francisco Press Club, 
San Francisco Commercial Club, Scot- 
tish Rite bodies of Masonic order. Thirty- 
second Degree, Federation of Jewish 

Charities. 

MOSES STERN 
Residence, 3363 Washington street ; 
ofiice 1040 McAllister street, San Fran- 
cisco. Born in New York March 3. 
1858. Son of Falk and Minna (Kahn) 
Stern. Married Rose Patek June 1, 
1888. Children, Mrs. Henry Hart, Mrs. 
Monroe Jacobs and Margaret Stern. 
Educated in the public schools of New 
York. Bookkeeper for five years in New 



WESTERN JEWRY 



1Z7 



York. Moved to San P>ancisco at the 
ag-e of twenty and in 1879 formed part- 
nership with EHas Heineman under the 
firm name of Heineman & Stern, beef 



the hoHdays. In 1889 he moved to San 
Francisco, where he subsequently estab- 
lished himself in the iron and metal busi- 
ness, and the firm of Sugarman Iron & 




Moses Stern 

packers, wholesale and retail, which con- 
tinues at the present time. Member of 
Temple Emanu-El, I. O. B. B., Free 
Sons of Israel. Federation of Jewish 

Charities. 

ABRAHAM G. SUGARMAN 
Residence, 3639 Seventeenth street ; 
office 613-17 Brannan street. San Fran- 
cisco. Born Lebedova, \'ilna, Poland, 
in 1862. Son of Isaac and Fannie 
(Gette) Sugarman. IMarried in \"ilna, 
Poland, to Sarah Balia in 1883. Six 
children, Bennie, Isaac, Hirsch, Fanny- 
Rosa, Malka and Riva. Educated in 
Poland and for six years studied the 
Talmud. When he was nineteen years 
of age he became a teacher of Hebrew. 
About two years after his marriage he 
moved to the United States and settled 
in Pittsburgh, Penn., where he taught 
Hebrew for nearly a year when, owing 
to ill health he moved to Kansas, where 
he became a farmer. Later he merchan- 
dised for two years in Kansas. During 
his residence in Wichita, Kansas, he was 
the first to hold orthodox services during 




Abraham G. Sugarman 

!Metal Company continues at the pres- 
ent time. One of the organizers of the 
Hebrew Free Loan Society, past presi- 
dent Chevra Kadusha Society. One of 
the organizers of the Congregation B'nai 
David, member of the Hebrew Home for 
the Aged, I. O. B. B. and I. O. O. F. 



ALEXANDER S. TUCHLER 

Residence and office, 703 \'an Xess 
avenue, San Francisco. Born Septem- 
ber 4, 1859, in Konitz, West Prussia. 
Son of Meyer and Pauline (Funken- 
stein ) Tuchler. Moved to California Oc- 
tober, 1868. Married September 17, 
1905. to Wilhelmina Brown. Educated 
in the public schools of San Francisco, 
Lincoln Grammar and High schools. 
Graduate of California ]\Iedical College. 
San Francisco, November 23. 1892. En- 
gaged in the practice of medicine in San 
Francisco since 1892. Appointed dean of 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons 
of the medical department, Lnited States 
National University in April, 1915. Has 
devoted his studies and practice to elec- 



238 



WESTERN JEWRY 



tro-therapeutics and at the present time 
has perfected this branch of medicine to 
such an extent that he is enabled to save 
patients from surgical operations when 
the disease has not advanced too far. 
Read paper on, "The Prevention of 
Operations in the Female by High Fre- 




Alexander S. Tuchler 

quency Currents," at the California 
Medical Society, 1914, and many other 
papers on the subject of preventative 
surgery. 

Trustee Congregation Ohabai Sha- 
lome. Member of Associated Charities, 
Jewish Federation of Charities, Hebrew 
Orphan Asylum, Shelter & Free Loan 
Society, Young Men's Hebrew Associa- 
tion, I. O. B. B., I. O. O. F., Knights of 
Pythias, Woodmen of the World. Con- 
tributor to medical magazines on electro- 
therapeutics. 

HERMAN WALDECK 

Residence, 1902 Broderick street ; of- 
fice Front and Jackson streets, San Fran- 
cisco. Married Amy Wangenheim, 
daughter of Sol Wangenheim, in 1889. 
Born in Frankfort am Main in 1862. Son 
of Simon Waldeck. Graduate of Gymna- 
sium in Frankfort, after which time he 
served his apprenticeship in the mercan- 
tile business and at the age of eighteen 
moved to Chicago, remaining there six 



months, after which time he moved to 
San Francisco. A year later he moved 
to Oregon, where for three years in 
Sommerville and Elgin he was engaged 
in the mercantile business. Returning 
to San Francisco he engaged in the hide, 
leather and wooi business under the firm 




Herman Waldeck 

name of Herman Waldeck Company. 
In 1901 this firm was amalgamated with 
Bissinger & Co. and he is now secretary 
and director of the latter firm. Vice- 
president Pacific Sanitary Manufacturing 
Company. Member of Congregation 
Emanu-El ; Concordia, Argonaut and 
San Francisco Commercial clubs. Mer- 
chants' Exchange, Federation of Jewish 
Charities. 

CLARENCE R. WALTER 

Oftice,'100 Stockton street. Born June 
2, 1870, in San Francisco. Son of David 
N. and Hannah (Smith) Walter. Mar- 
ried 1898 to Rosalie Neustadter of San 
Francisco. Three children, Dorothy, Mil- 
dred, Rosalie. Graduate of public schools 
of San Francisco. Attended Belmont 
School, schools in Frankfort on Main, 
Germany. Graduate of Harvard in 
1890 with degree of A. B. After 
graduation spent one year on a cattle 
ranch, after which he became asso- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



239 



ciated with the firm of D. N. & E. 
Walter & Co., and is vice-president oi 
that firm at the present time. Director 
of Congregation Emanu-El ; member 
of Federation of Jewish Charities ; 
Harvard Chib, Argonant, Beresford 
Country, Union League, and Atherton 
Golf and Countrv clubs. 



ISAAC N. WALTER 

Residence, 1803 Franklin street ; of- 
fice, (3'Farrell and Stockton streets. 
Born in Reckendorf, Bavaria, Germany, 
1844. Married Caroline Greenebaum of 
Philadelphia, 1876. Children, Edgar 
Walter, John I. Walter, Mrs. Edgar 
Sinsheimer. Educated in Bavaria and 
at the age of thirteen arrived in New 
York. Subsequently he moved to San 
Francisco, where he became associated 
with his brothers in the furniture and 
carpet business under the firm of D. N. 
& E. Walter, which has developed to 
large proportions, with branches in 
Portland, Seattle and Los Angeles and 
eastern offices in New York, of which 
concern he is the president. Director 
of German Savings & Loan Society ; 
member of Temple Emanu-El for many 
years, and director from 1880 to 1884. 
Member of Federation of Jewish Chari- 
ties and other organizations. 



JOHN ISIDOR WALTER 

Residence, 2231 Clay street; office, 100 
Stockton street, San Francisco. Born 
September 11, 1879, in San Francisco. 
Son of Isaac Nathan and Caroline 
(Greenebaum) Walter. 

Married February 28, 1907, to Flor- 
ence Schwartz of San Francisco. Three 
children, John L, Jr., Eleanor and 
Marjorie Pearl. Educated at Pacific 
Heights Grammar School, Lowell High 
School, Leland Stanford University, A. 
B., 1899, when he entered the firm of 
D. N. & E. Walter & Co. Treasurer of 
D. N. & E. Walter & Co. 

Director of the Oakland, Antioch & 



Eastern Railway Company ; Walter Real 
Estate Company ; vice-president of Ne- 
vada County Narrow Gauge Railway 
Company ; secretary Down-Town Asso- 
ciation, 1910 to 1913 ; trustee of the So- 
ciety for the Prevention of Cruelty to 




John Isidor Walter 

Animals ; president of San Francisco In- 
stitute of Art (formerly Mark Hopkins 
Institute). Member of the Argonaut, 
Olympic, Family and Commonwealth 
Clubs ; member of Beresford Country 
Club ; member of Federation of Hebrew 
Charities, Associated Charities, Chil- 
dren's Hospital, San Francisco Associa- 
tion for the Blind, California Society 
Cruelty to Children, California Society 
for Exceptional Children, National Jew- 
ish Hospital for Tuberculosis, California 
Social Hygiene Society, and Recreation 
League. President of Olympic Boat 
Club, 1904-1906. Member of Temple 

Emanu-El. 

SOLOMON WANGENHEIM 
Residence, Richelieu hotel, San Fran- 
cisco. Born in Saxe-Meininger, Ger- 
many, in 1830. Educated in Germany 
and moved to the United States in 1848 
and resided in various parts of the East 
until 1853, when he came to San Fran- 
cisco via the Isthmus and located in San 



240 



WESTERN JEWRY 



Luis Obispo, where he was engaged in 
the general merchandise business for 
one year. Subsequently he moved to the 
mining district in Calaveras county, Cal., 
and established himself in business in 
Campo Seco and later at Jenny Lind, 
where he was a member of the firm of 
Wangenheim and Rosenberg. In 1862 
he moved to Virginia City, Nev., where 
he was a member of the firm of Walter 
&Co. In 1864 he moved to Markleeville, 
Cal., where he engaged in the timber 
business (floating timbers to the Corn- 
stock mines). In 1869 he disposed of 
his business and returned to Europe, 
where he remained until 1871. Later 
established the fruit canning busi- 
ness in San Francisco under the firm 
name of Sol Wangenheim & Co., which 
continued until 1885. In the meantime 
he established a grain and shipping busi- 
ness, which continued until he retired in 
1901. Member of Temple Emanu-El 
and Federation of Jewish Charities. 
Married Fanny Newman in 1859. Chil- 
dren, Mrs. Jacob Stern, Emile Wangen- 
heim, Mrs. Herman Waldeck, Julius 
Wangenheim and Mrs. Bertha Arnhold. 



CHAS. B. WEIL 

Residence, 2447 Buchanan street ; of- 
fice, 25 Stockton street, San Francisco. 
Born December 12, 1872, in Missouri. 
Son of Bernard and Fanny (Pareira; 
Weil. Moved to California in 1878. 
Married October 9, 1898, to Ancie Weil 
of San Francisco. Three daughters, 
Charline, Bernardine and Fanny. Edu- 
cated in the public schools of Modesto 
and Heald's Business College. Entered 
the hardware store of his father in 
Modesto at the age of fourteen. He 
was engaged in active business under 
the firm name of B. Weil & Sons until 
1913, when he moved to San Francisco, 
where he has a number of investments. 
Retains his' business interests in Mo- 
desto. Vice-president of the Bank of 
Turlock for several years ; president 
of Modesto Chamber of Commerce for 



two terms ; vice-president Modesto 
Club ; member of Congregation Temple 
Emanu-El and Concordia Club. Dur- 
ing 1910 traveled nine months in 
Europe. Contributor to Federation of 
Jewish Charities. 



HARRIS WEINSTOCK 

Residence, 19 Presidio Terrace, San 
Francisco. Born September 18, 1854, in 
London, England. Son of Solomon and 
Rachel Weinstock. Married in Febru- 
ary 24, 1878, to Barbara Felsenthal of 




Harris 'Weinstock 

San Francisco. Four children, Robert. 
Walter, Mrs. Samuel Frankenheimer of 
Stockton, Mrs. Burton A. Towne of 
Lodi, Cal. Educated in the public schools 
of New York until the age of twelve. 
Worked in a store in Dixon, Cal., with 
Eppinger & Co. as clerk until he en- 
gaged in the general mercantile business 
in San Francisco in 1872 ; opened branch 
in Sacramento in 1874 in partnership 
with D. Lubin ; gave up the San Fran- 
cisco business in 1876, and subsequently 
incorporated the Sacramento business un- 
der the firm name of Weinstock. Lubin 
& Co., of which firm he is vice-president. 
Vice-president Weinstock-Lubin Real 
Estate Company ; president Weinstock- 



WESTERN JEWRY 



241 



Nichols Company of San Francisco, Los 
Angeles and Oakland ; director National 
Bank of D. O. Mills of Sacramento; 
director Sacramento Valley Trust Com- 
pany. Served private to lieutenant-col- 
onel California National Guard, 1881- 
95. Founded Barbara Weinstock lec- 
tureship of "Morals of Trade," Univer- 
sity of California. Appointed member 
of board of trustees California State Li- 
brary, 1887 ; State Board of Horticul- 
ture, 1895. Elected member of Board 
of Freeholders of Sacramento, 1891. 
Appointed special labor commissioner by 
Governor Gillett, February, 1908, to in- 
vestigate the labor laws and labor con- 
ditions of foreign countries. Appointed 
by Hiram W. Johnson, April, 1912, to 
investigate the Industrial Workers of 
the World. (Free speech disturbances 
in San Diego, Cal.) Appointed, April, 
1913, by Governor Johnson member of 
American commission to investigate Eu- 
ropean system of rural credits (elected 
vice-president of that body). Ap- 
pointed, June 18, 1913, by President 
Woodrow Wilson member Industrial 
Relations Commission. Appointed by 
Governor Johnson, September, 1913, 
member Industrial Accident Commis- 
sion. November 15th, appointed market 
director of the State Commission Mar- 
ket. Member executive board National 
Civic Federation. Vice-president Jew- 
ish Publication Society of America. 
Member Jewish Historical Society of 
America ; American Historical Associa- 
tion ; National Geographic Society ; 
American Forestry Association. Mem- 
ber of Commonwealth Club, San Fran- 
cisco ; Sutter Club, Sacramento ; Uni- 
tarian and Economic Clubs of San Fran- 
cisco. Author of "Jesus the Jew," 
1912 ; "Strikes and Lockouts," 1909, and 
numerous magazine articles, chiefly on 
economic and industrial problems. Mem- 
ber Sacramento Congregation B'nai 
Israel and president for several years ; 
member of Temple Emanu-El ; member 
of Federation of Jewish Charities and 



has been officially connected with the 
charitable organizations in Sacramento 
and takes a very active interest in all 
Jewish affairs. Member of Masonic or- 
der. 

JACOB WEISSBEIN 

Residence, Mill Valley ; office 582 Mar- 
ket street, San Francisco. Born March 
19, 1856, in Germany. Son of Julius 
and Rosalie (Elkan) Weissbein. Mar- 
ried December 9, 1888, to Bertha Getle- 
son of San Francisco. Attended the 
Gymnasium at Hohensalza, Germany, 
until the age of fourteen and was pro- 
moted to Ober Tertia, when he left 
school to go to work. Apprentice in the 
soap and perfumery business in Germany. 

Moved to California in 1873 and was 
engaged as a clerk in a dry goods store 
in Grass Valley, Cal., until 1876, when 
he went into the banking business under 
the firm name of Weissbein Brothers & 
Company. 

In 1902 he sold out to the Nevada 
County Bank and moved to San Fran- 
cisco, where he went into the real estate 
business and continues at the present 
time. 

Member of Temple Emanu-El. Con- 
tributor to Federation of Jewish Chari- 
ties and other charities. Member Ma- 
sonic order. 

LEON WILLARD 

Residence, 2224 Baker street; office 
833 Market street, San Francisco. Born 
in Lixheim, Lorraine, France. Son of 
Joseph Louis and Rachel (Cahn) Wil- 
lard. Educated in the schools of Lor- 
raine. Moved to San Francisco in 
1868. Engaged in retail business in 
San Jose from 1875 until 1884. Two 
years later he established himself in 
San Francisco as an importer of laces 
and fancy goods, in which he continues 
at the present time. Member of Ma- 
sonic order; charter member of Ariel 
Lodge, I. O. B. B., of San Jose ; charter 
member of Cercle Francaise ; member 
of Federation of Jewish Charities. 
Married Fannie Muraski September, 



242 



WESTERN JEWRY 



1904. One daughter, Beatrice Ruth 
Willard, aged seven. She is a student 
of Dr. Frederic L. Burk of San Fran- 
cisco Normal School, who declares, 
"The child is a genius and learns with 




Leon Willard 

the greatest readiness and has a photo- 
graphic memory." She is mentally 
equipped to enter the San Francisco 
High School. A normal child in every 
other respect, the devoted mother of a 
large collection of dolls and yet she 
passed the test for a normal adult 

brain. 

EDWARD I. WOLFE 
Ofifice, Mills building, San Francisco. 
Born in Hull, England, in 1860. Son of 
Simon and Bertha (Caro) Wolfe. Mar- 
ried Leonora Saalburg November, 1882. 
Educated in the private schools of San 
Francisco. Studied law privately and 
was admitted to the bar of the State of 
California in 1890. For a number of 
years in partnership with Myer Jacobs. 
Engaged in the general practice of law 
until the present time. Clerk of Probate 
Court of San Francisco for two years. 
Secretary New City Hall Commission 
for two years. For sixteen consecutive 
years member of the Senate of the Cali- 
fornia State Legislature and six years 



of that time president pro tem of that 
body. Defeated in 1912 for that ofifice 
and re-elected in 1914. Elected super- 
visor of San P>ancisco November. 1915. 
Past grand president L O. B. B., Dis- 




Edward I. Wolfe 

trict No. 4. Member of the Court of 
Appeals of the Constitutional Grand 
Lodge of that order. He was twice su- 
preme representative of the American 
Order of F"oresters of California. Past 
chancellor commander of the K. of P. ; 
past president of the National Union ; 
chairman of committee on judiciary of 
Fraternal Order of Eagles ( State body ) ; 
vice-president The Shelter ; member of 
Beth Israel Congregation, Federation of 
Jewish Charities, Y. M. H. A.. Loyal 
Order of Moose. 



HARRY KELLER WOLFF 

Residence, 1782 O'Farrell street; of- 
fice, 322 Russ building, San Francisco. 
Born February 27, 1881, in San Fran- 
cisco. Son of Samuel and Sarah Keller. 
He adopted the name of his uncle, who 
reared him from childhood. Married 
December 27, 1905, to Elsie Franklin. 
Moved to New York when a child, where 
he attended primary schools, and re- 
turned to San Francisco at the age of 



WESTERN JEWRY 



243 



eleven and graduated from Lincoln 
Grammar School. Studied law in the 
offices of Bert Schlesinger, Otto Irving 
Wise and ex-United States District At- 
torney Marshal B. Woodworth, San 
Francisco. Admitted to the bar of the 
Supreme Court of California March 11, 
1902, and to the bar of the United States 
District Court, United States Circuit 
Court, United States Circuit Court of 
Appeals. Commenced the practice of 
law in 1902. In 1906 formed part- 
nership with Harry A. HoUzer un- 




Harry Keller V^'olff 

der the firm name of Wolfif & 
Hollzer, which continued for three 
years. Has since practiced law alone. 
Represented, as counsel and legal ad- 
viser, Pa'cific Coast Waiters' Association, 
Cooks' Association of the Pacific Coast 
and other large labor organizations. 
Legal adviser and counsel of Pruden- 
tial Hospital Association. President of 
West Fillmore Street Improvement As- 
sociation. Member of Civic League of 
Improvement Clubs ; past trustee Temple 
Beth Israel ; past president Hebrew Free 
Loan Association : trustee Hebrew Shel- 
ter ; member Federation Jewish Chari- 
ties ; member of first board of governors 
Associated Charities ; past president 



Agudath Zion Society of San Francisco ; 
past grand president District Lodge, I. O. 
B. B. ; past grand president Bay City 
Lodge of Odd Fellows ; Past Chief 
Ranger of Court Palo Alto of Foresters 
of America. ^Member of Pacific Lodge, 
F. & A. M. ; Scottish Rite ; Thirty-second 
degree ; Shriner. Member of Commer- 
cial Law League of America, Jewish 
Consumptive Relief Society, president 
Hebrew Immigration Aid Society of the 
Pacific Coast. 



MOISE L. WOLFF 

Residence, 2507 Pacific avenue, San 
Francisco. Son of Lazard Wolff. 
Born in Alsace in 1855. Educated in 
Alsace and came to the United States 
at the age of sixteen, where he resided 




Moise L. Wolff 

with his uncle. Leopold Kahn, and at- 
tended the public schools in San Fran- 
cisco. At the age of eighteen moved 
to San Luis Obispo, where he was em- 
ployed in a mercantile establishment 
until 1875, when he opened a store at 
Hueneme, Cal., which he conducted 
very successfully until 1900, when he 
moved to San Francisco and retired. 
For some time interested in the bank 
of Hueneme. Has numerous interests 



244 



WESTERN JEWRY 



in that country. He is an officer of the 
Pacific Sanitary Manufacturing Com- 
pany, Richmond, Cal., and with his 
son-in-law, Newton W. Stern, owns 
the Pacific Porcelainware Company, 
Richmond, and the Western States 
Sanitary Company, Richmond. Mar- 
ried in 1886 to Bertha Levy of San 
Francisco. Five children, Mrs. N. W. 
Stern, Mrs. Howard Salz, Lester, Mar- 
garet and Ferdinand Wolfif. Member 
of Temple Emanu-El, Federation of 
Jewish Charities and Masonic order. 



DR. WILLIAM C. VOORSANGER 

Office, Hastings building, San Fran- 
cisco. Born in Philadelphia April 7, 
1876. Son of Rev. Dr. and Mrs. Ja- 
cob (Corper) Voorsanger. Moved to 
San Francisco with his parents at the 




in Berlin and Vienna. In 1902 re- 
turned to San Francisco, where he com- 
menced the practice of his profession 
and continues at the present time, spe- 
cializing in tuberculosis and internal 
medicine. He conducts the Oaks Sana- 
torium near Los Gatos. Visiting phy- 
sician of Mount Zion Hospital of San 
Francisco for twelve years. One of 
the founders of the San Francisco As- 
sociation for the Study and Prevention 
of Tuberculosis, and honorary secre- 
tary, chairman of educational commit- 
tee and member of executive council 
of that association. Medical referee 
of Travelers' Insurance Company of 
Hartford, Conn., for a number of years. 
Member of San Francisco County and 
California State Medical Societies. 
Fellow-American Medical Association, 
member of Congregation Emanu-El, 
Masonic order, I. O. B. B., Common- 
wealth and Concordia clubs. Pub- 
lished a number of articles on tubercu- 
losis and a series of articles on tuber- 
culin treatment. 



Dr. William C. Voorsanger 

age of ten. IMarried Maude Ackerman 
of Portland, Ore., December 24, 1906. 
Educated in public and high schools 
of San Francisco. Received degree of 
B. S. in 1897 from University of Cali- 
fornia. Degree of M. D. in 1899 from 
Cooper's Medical College, now med- 
ical department of Leland Stanford 
University. From September 1899 to 
June, 1900, at Mt. Zion Hospital, N. 
Y. For two years continued his studies 



LEON M. VOORSANGER 

Residence, 2709 Jackson street ; office 
139 Fremont street, San Francisco. 
Born in Houston, Texas, May 31, 1880. 
Son of Rev. Dr. Jacob and Eva (Cor- 
per) Voorsanger. Married August 1, 
1907 to Florence Kahn, daughter of the 
late Henry Kahn of San Francisco. 
Moved to San Francisco with his par- 
ents in 1886. Attended Pacific Heights 
Grammar School 1887 to 1894 'and 
Lowell High School 1894 to 1897. 
Served in the army during the Spanish- 
American War. Member of Company 
E, National Guard. Detailed to Staff 
of Adjutant General Barrett and Gov- 
ernor Budd 1898-1899. 

He is engaged in the flavoring extract 
business at present time. 

]\Iember of Federation of Jewish 
Charities and other charitable organiza- 
tions. Masonic order and Home In- 
dustry League. 



WESTERN JEWRY 



245 



JACOB C. ZELLERBACH 

Residence, 840 Powell street; office 
534 Battery street, San Francisco. Born 
in San Francisco in 1864. Son of An- 
thony and Theresa (Mohr) Zellerbach. 
Married in 1892 to Etta Englander of 




Jacob C. Zellerbach 

San Francisco. Educated in the public 
schools of San Francisco. In 1882, to- 
gether with his father, established the 
firm of A. Zellerbach & Son, wholesale 
paper business, which firm developed 
to the Zellerbach Paper Company, 
with direct branches in Portland, Los 
Angeles and other cities, which is the 
largest business of its kind in the United 
States. He is the vice-president of that 
concern at the present time. Member 
of Temple Emanu-El, Federation of Jew- 
ish Charities, Concordia Club and Beres- 
ford Country Club ; Masonic bodies. 
Scottish Rite, Thirty-second Degree. 



JOSIAH ZURO 

Residence, 691 Post street, San Fran- 
cisco. Born in Bialystok, Russia, No- 
vember 27, 1888. Son of Louis Zuro. 
Educated in Odessa and Cracow, and at 
the age of 17 moved to New York, where 




Josiah Zuro 

he completed his education. He devoted 
many years to his musical studies. In 
1906 he became a musical director at 
the ]^Ianhattan theatre, N. Y., for Oscar 
Hammerstein. and during the same year 
he was organist at the Mount Zion 
Temple. New York. He, together with 
his father, presented French and Italian 
operas at popular prices at the various 
Yiddish theaters in New York for sev- 
eral years during the spring season. In 
1915 moved to San Francisco, where he 
is active in musical circles. Director of 
the Beethoven Choral Ensemble of San 
Francisco. 



INDEX 



PAGES 



Jews of California ------- 5-71 

By Martin A. Meyer, Ph. D- 

Biographies --------- 72-161 

Personal Sketches ------- 162-245 



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