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West Virginia 
Wesleyan College 




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West Virginia Wesleyan College 




a. II. 


The origin of this History of West Virginia Wesleyan 
College, so far as any official record is concerned, is 
found in the following paragraph quoted from the first 
report of the Semi-Centennial Committee to the Board 
of Trustees in June, 1935 : 

PUBLICATION OF HISTORY: Believing that much valuable in- 
formation concerning the founding of the institution should be put 
in an available form as a part of the publicity campaign, as well as 
for the preservation of data for future generations, the committee on 
history of the college brought into the general meeting the recom- 
mendation that the assembling of material and the writing of the 
history of the college be undertaken, and that the publication should 
be off the press before Commencement, 1940. Doctor Thomas W. 
Haught was asked to write the history and we are pleased to report 
that he has consented to undertake the work. Those who know Doctor 
Haught will recognize his qualifications for the task ... He has 
watched the steady development of the school through the years; has 
served as teacher both in the Seminary and in the College; was dean 
for twenty years; and at three different times was acting president. 
The writing of the history will be for him a labor of love. 

It will be of interest to the many friends of Dr. 
Thomas W. Haught, familiarly known to his friends 
and in campus secrecies to the students as "Tommy," to 
record a few details of his life. 

He spent his youth on a farm in Tyler County, West 
Virginia, where he was born November 25, 1871. He 
attended the public schools of his county and began 
teaching in them in 1889. In the summer of 1890 he 
attended a summer school for teachers at Alma, West 
Virginia, conducted by the late L. J. Corbly. In March 
of 1891 he enrolled for the Spring Term in West Vir- 
ginia Conference Seminary where he continued until 
June of 1893. Since no degrees were granted in the Semi- 
nary, he withdrew in order to begin work toward his 
degree in West Virginia University. In June, 1896, he 


received from the University the Bachelor of Arts de- 
gree. While Dr. Haught was pursuing his course at 
the University, President Hutchinson permitted him to 
graduate from the Seminary with the class of 1895, and 
placed his name on the record in the class of 1894, the 
class to which he belonged. 

He began his teaching experience at the Conference 
Seminary in the fall of 1896, when President Hutchin- 
son employed him as instructor in the sciences, ele- 
mentary English, and mathematics. From 1899 to 1901 
he studied at Harvard, returning to the Seminary in 
the fall of 1901 for another period of teaching until 
1905. From 1905 to 1908 he served as principal of State 
Preparatory School at Keyser (now Potomac State 
School of West Virginia University). 

In 1903 the institution was raised to college standing 
and the first degrees were granted in 1905. In 1908 
President Carl G. Doney invited Professor Haught to 
accept a place on the college faculty, which he did, and 
the next year (1909) he was appointed Dean, which po- 
sition he ably filled for twenty years. The summer of 
1918 was spent in Johns Hopkins University. In 1929 
he resigned as Dean to resume classroom work, which 
position he holds at the present. In all, Dr. Haught 
has been a member of the staff of the institution thirty- 
eight years. During these years he has served with every 
one of the eight presidents and with Dr. Frank B. Trot- 
ter as acting president; and at three different periods 
he was acting president. No other person connected with 
the college is known by so large a number of Wesleyan 
students and friends. 

Fifty years is a short period in the life of a college. 
It is particularly short when the effort is made to eval- 
uate its work and present anything like a true picture of 
historical significance. Perhaps fifty years or a century 


hence the longer perspective will furnish the future his- 
torian of West Virginia Wesleyan College a better basis 
for an adequate estimate of the institution. The intimate 
association of the author with the school from its be- 
ginning is both an advantage and a disadvantage: an 
advantage in his acquaintance with the facts needed in 
a historical sketch, and a disadvantage in his nearness 
to persons and events. The Semi-Centennial Committee 
invited Dr. Thomas W. Haught to write this history 
and placed no restrictions upon him. His own personality 
breathes through these pages. His views may not be 
shared by all who read this book, but the book is his 

I cannot close this introduction without a brief per- 
sonal word of appreciation. My first contact with Pro- 
fessor Haught was in 1901 when, as a student in the Sem- 
inary, I was assigned to his class in Elementary English, 
better known to us as "Reed and Kellogg Grammar." 
His requirements were exact, and his discipline firm. 
There was evidence of austerity in his manner, and oft- 
times keen sarcasm in his remarks, but these traits were 
tempered by a gentle humor. If we were at first chilled 
by his seriousness, we were eventually warmed by his 
intense interest in his work and in his students. 

What I learned through his instruction and his care- 
ful guidance in his courses was invaluable, yet was less 
significant than what I have gained through his friend- 
ship and his gracious cooperation since I came into 
office. Soliciting favors is as far from him as intruding 
suggestions. With becoming modesty and appreciation 
he has accepted whatever honors have been bestowed, 
and he has never withheld wise counsel nor helpful 
criticism when they were sought. 

As an alumnus of West Virginia Wesleyan College, 
who owes an overwhelming debt of gratitude to the in- 


stitution as well as to my early teacher and long-time 
friend, I commend this publication to all former students 
of the West Virginia Conference Seminary and West 
Virginia Wesleyan College. 


Seminary 1905-College 1908 


This narrative of West Virginia Wesleyan College 
is an incident in the development of a program conceived 
by President McCuskey and presented by him to the 
Board of Trustees, June 5, 1934. His report embodied an 
outline of a five-year program embracing the following 
six objectives: 

(1) "The raising of the scholastic standards of the 
college to meet the demands of the advancing educational 
standards throughout the nation. 

(2) "The maintenance and improvement of physical 

(3) "The strengthening of our financial situation. 

(4) "An increase in our enrollment to 550 or 600 
full-time students. 

(5) "The development and maintenance of a more 
distinctly religious atmosphere in the college. 

(6) "A proper celebration of the fiftieth anniversary 
of the founding of the institution." 

Item six above, as elaborated by the semi-centennial 
committee, included the preparation of a history of the 
college. To the attainment of this aim the writer has de- 
voted such part of his time and his energies during the 
past few years as his regular responsibilities would 

Motivating and guiding the author in his labors on 
this history has been a desire to bring into relief the 
spiritual factors and forces that lay back of, and led up 
to the founding of Wesleyan College ; to trace the opera- 
tion of these springs of action to their logical fruition; 
to follow with fidelity the fortunes of this spiritual off- 
spring of Methodism in the bounds of the West Virginia 
Annual Conference; and to presage its future, as a 

Foreword and Acknowledgments 

prophecy based upon considerations of its past and its 

At this stage of the enterprise, with the copy all in, 
the author is conscious chiefly of the imperfections of 
his work as judged by the objectives stated above. For 
these imperfections he accepts full responsibility, breath- 
ing the hope, as he releases the custody of his efforts to 
the publishing committee, that the work may be found 
to have merit enough to justify its existence; and that 
the mantle of charity may be employed to soften its 

It was advanced that the author's long association 
with the college gave him advantages possessed by no 
other as a prospective historian. When he considers the 
number of persons and sources to which he is indebted for 
cooperation and source material, he wonders what those 
advantages are. His acknowledgments are due to: 

Dr. B. W. Hutchinson for preparing, on request, a 
most helpful paper on the organization of the school and 
its administration during the first eight years. Material 
from his paper appears in a number of places throughout 
the book. 

Dr. Carl G. Doney, for his assistance in examining 
the records of the Ohio Conference for material on 
Asbury Academy, and other courtesies. 

President McCuskey, for his generous cooperation, 
and the use of the records and files of his office. 

Hon. Harvey W. Harmer, for identifying the legis- 
lative act transferring the ownership of the buildings 
and grounds of the Northwestern Virginia Academy to 
the public schools of Clarksburg, and for the record of 
the sale of the property of the Randolph Academy to 
the church for school purposes. 

Mr. H. R. Clark, for a copy of the Bnckhannon Delta 
of date, October 8, 1890, containing the article on the 
dedication of the Seminary. 

Foreword and Acknowledgments 

Dean O. D. Lambert, for helpful information and for 
the courtesies of his office while pursuing this work. 

Dr. G. L. Glauner and Dr. A. A. Schoolcraft, for 
helpful suggestions on plan and arrangement of the 

Professor Clifford M. Lewis, for copying certain 
articles found in the files of the Western Pennsylvania 
Historical Society. 

Mrs. Ora Douglas Curry, librarian, for the use of 
a workroom in the library in vacation, and for her co- 
operation in locating material in the library. 

Mr. Arthur L. Aylesworth, for providing from the 
files of the college, data on the growth of the endowment 
funds of the school. 

The Parkersburg Sentinel, Mr. James A. Bryan, and 
Judge L. N. Tavenner, for helpful cooperation in the 
search for data on the history of Asbury Academy. 

The capable Publishing Committee, whose work has 
already begun, consisting of Dr. L. H. Chrisman, Chair- 
man; Professor Harold N. Ahlgren, Dr. Thomas M. 
Zumbrunnen, Mr. U. G. Young, Jr., and Mr. Floyd N. 
Shaver, Alumni Secretary. 

Fred B. Haught, for the gratuitous cooperation of his 
office in typing the manuscript. 

George Selden Wallace, for data from his History of 
Cabell County on the Mt. Hebron School and Marshall 
Academy as Methodist enterprises. 

Dr. James M. Callahan, for data from his History of 
West Virginia on the Fairmont Male and Female Sem- 

Henry Haymond's History of Harrison Cotmty, for 
data on the Northwestern Virginia Academy. 

Thomas C. Miller's History of Education in West 
Virginia, for data on several subjects. 

Coach C. B. Ross, H. H. Withers, and James Ellis, 
for help in the preparation of the article on athletics. 

Foreword and Acknowledgments 

Besides these personal acknowledgments it is fitting 
that the following libraries, publications, and records 
should be named as sources of material used : 

The State Library, Capitol Building, Charleston, 
West Virginia. 

The Western Pennsylvania Historical Society, Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania. 

Library of Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, 

Minutes of the West Virginia Annual Conference. 

Minutes of the proceedings of the Board of Trustees 
of West Virginia Wesleyan College. 

Minutes of the proceedings of the faculty of West 
Virginia Wesleyan College. 

Early copies of the Seminary Collegiate and of its 
successor, The Pharos. 

Early copies of the Murmurmontis. 

The files of the annual catalog of the College. 

The files of the Pittsburgh Christian Advocate. 

The Acts of the Legislature of West Virginia, Ses- 
sion of 1872-73. 

The Acts of the General Assembly of Virginia, Ses- 
sion of 1852. 



Background and Approach 15 

Early Educational Enterprises of the Church 19 

The Mt. Hebron School 19 

Asbury Academy 20 

The Northwestern Virginia Academy 21 

The Fairmont Male and Female Seminary 27 

The Educational Society of Western Virginia 32 

Agitation and Action 36 

The Business of Building 48 

Administration of President B. W. Hutchinson, 

1890-1898 52 

Employing a Faculty 52 

Prospectus Issued in the Summer of 1890 55 

The Opening 62 

Administration of President S. L. Boyers, 1895-1900 70 

Administration of President John Wier, 1900-1907.... 73 

Administration of President Carl Gregg Doney, 

1 907- 1 9 1 5 77 

Administration of President Wallace Bruce Fleming, 

1915-1922 85 

Administration of President E. Guy Cutshall, 

1923-1925 93 

Transition to Next Administration 96 

Administration of President Homer Ethan Wark, 

1926-1931 98 

Administration of President Roy McCuskey, 1931-.... 106 

The Faculty 110 

The Buildings 137 

A Girls' Dormitory — A Necessity 137 

The Music Hall 145 

Administration Building 148 

The Gymnasium 151 

The Haymond Science Hall 153 

Organizations, Letters and Miscellaneous Data 155 

The Governing Board 155 

The College Club 160 

Organizations to Promote Christian Ideals and 

Service _ 1 63 

The Chrestomathean and the Excelsior Literary 

Societies 1 68 

Deans of Women, 1895-1939 171 

Athletics 171 

Endowment 1 76 

The College Paper 178 

The Murmurmontis 181 

Letter of Dr. John W. Reger 182 

Judge Samuel Woods on the Location of the 

Seminary 1 84 

Locating the Seminary, Date and Place 184 

Buckhannon Delta on the Dedication of the 

Seminary 1 84 

The Semi-Centennial Committee 186 

I ndex 1 87 



Background and Approach 

WHEN the tide of pioneer settlement began to flow 
over the mountains into the present territorial 
limits of West Virginia, few, if any, could have been 
wise enough to foresee what phases of the wilderness 
civilization would receive marked emphasis. 

Human objectives are so diverse. Among the settlers 
there doubtless were some whose motive was pure ad- 
venture. Hostile Indians, the trackless forest, the moun- 
tain barriers, the unbridged streams, the abundant wild 
game, were among the challenges to which the spirits of 
such reacted. 

Some dreamed, perhaps, of founding settlements into 
whose social, civic, or economic life they would introduce 
untried, new qualities that would make for human bet- 

Many, no doubt, were moved by considerations of 
their own economic betterment. It is hard to understand 
today that one hundred and fifty years ago, or earlier, 
lack of economic opportunities in the seaboard colonies 
was the urge that prompted trans-Appalachian migra- 
tion. Today, in these same seaboard regions, having sev- 
eral times their former populations, the saturation level 
of population has not been reached. The explanation of 
this apparent anomaly lies in the fact that manufacture, 
industry and commerce, which multiply human oppor- 
tunities in step with growth of population and expansion 
of human needs, had scarcely begun. Among a people 
almost exclusively pastoral and agricultural, the satur- 

16 West Virginia 

ation level of population is reached early. The era of 
overcrowding and migration is then inaugurated. 

In addition to those pioneers with motives and ob- 
jectives like the foregoing, there was, at least, one other 
class that should be mentioned. These were the men 
whose souls were on fire with a holy zeal for the spiritual 
well-being of all those living in the scattered pioneer set- 
tlements of the new land. Because these men worked 
quietly and unostentatiously their influence was, prob- 
ably, not fully appreciated by their contemporaries. For 
this reason, especially, we wish to emphasize the impor- 
tance of the labors of those who, enduring the hardships 
incident to pioneering in a difficult region, freely spent 
themselves to foster the spiritual betterment of those 
others who had elected to make their homes in the wilder- 

The genius of spiritual leaders in all ages has been 
to recognize education as basic to spiritual growth. By 
the same token they have deprecated ignorance as one 
of the chief enemies of man's spiritual well-being. 

It is true that the charge has sometimes been made 
against the Protestant ministry that their educational 
standards have been too low. But Protestantism has been 
guilty only of solving a practical problem in the most 
practical way. Indeed, at the outset, Christianity was 
promulgated in such a way. The work of the Great 
Teacher was carried on by men who, irrespective of 
scholarly ability, had been willing to answer the call 
to service. 

Other things being equal, it is useless to speculate on 
whether the Master would have chosen for the work men 
with better backgrounds of education. Such men prob- 
ably were not available. Protestantism, and especially 
Methodism, has never lost sight of the goal of a complete 
corps of workers having the best possible training for 
their work. I n the meantime, with the harvest great and 

Dr. Thomas W. Haught 


Acting President, 1913-1914, 

1922-1923, 1925-1926 

Dean of the College for Twenty 


Dr. Frank B. Trotter 

Vice-President, 1890-1907 

Acting President, 1898 

Wesleyan College 17 

the laborers few, it has been the practical policy of the 
leaders to relate the workers to the work, according to 
their several abilities. 

In this region, as in many others, the better trained 
spiritual leaders were also the first educational leaders. 

The minister's relation to his people gave him an espe- 
cially good opportunity to find and to encourage the de- 
velopment of the boys and girls of the greatest spiritual 
and intellectual promise. The itinerant character of the 
minister's duties made his contact with his people oc- 
casional rather than continuous. But it enabled him to 
give some instruction, much inspiration, and to lend 
valuable assistance in directing the choice of books to 
be read. Such work created public sentiment in favor of 
education and prepared the way for the organization 
of schools, as, with the growth of population, scattered 
pioneer homes were transformed into communities. 

The goal of free schools, in that day, was yet a long 
way off. Perhaps the best substitute for the free public 
school lay in community enterprise to provide instruction 
in the three R's for their children. That much of this 
was done, is implied in what was happening in the field 
of secondary education. The prototype of the free public 
high school prior to the time when West Virginia 
achieved statehood was the church-administered or the 
privately administered academy. Much credit is due the 
spiritual and educational leaders of that period for the 
establishment of at least sixty-five academies within the 
territorial limits of West Virginia. There is ground for 
the belief that still others came into being as local enter- 
prises, flourished briefly, served well, and disbanded 
without the formality of incorporation that would have 
made their existence a matter of historical record. 

One instance is noted of an ecclesiastical body appro- 
priating funds for the support of an academy in the 
second year prior to the historical date of its incorpora- 

18 West Virginia 

tion. This reference is to the minutes of the Ohio Con- 
ference for the year 1840. One district of the conference 
lay in Virginia, and in the annual session of the con- 
ference of 1840 they voted an appropriation of one hun- 
dred dollars for the support of the Asbury Academy, 
located in Parkersburg, Virginia. The historical date 
of the incorporation of this academy is February 8, 
1842. Reference to the educational work of the confer- 
ence in Parkersburg is found also in the minutes of 1839. 

Since a considerable number of the academies incor- 
porated were rather short-lived, and since, as shown, an 
academy might be in operation some years before it was 
incorporated, it seems probable that still others served 
their communities briefly, but without the official 
formality of incorporation that would have made their 
existence a matter of record. 

Of the sixty-five or more academies organized inside 
the territorial limits of West Virginia prior to the time 
of the Civil War, at least four were, each for a time, 
officially under the auspices of the Methodist Church. 
Methodism went even further than the assumption of 
financial responsibility for these four schools. The con- 
ference minutes over a long period show that every edu- 
cational enterprise of merit, whether a product of Meth- 
odist initiative or not, was fostered and encouraged. 
Committees appointed by the conference inspected the 
work of such schools, reported their findings at their 
annual sessions, and such of them as merited favorable 
report were commended to Methodist patronage in the 
contiguous territory. 

Early Educational Enterprises of the Church 

The Mt. Hebron School 

AT LEAST two of the early educational enterprises 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in the area 
that is now West Virginia, were begun before the year 
1840. There were two others begun between 1840 and 

With respect to the first two, Asbury Academy, lo- 
cated at Parkersburg, and the Mt. Hebron School, lo- 
cated on the site that is now the campus of Marshall 
College, the evidence at hand does not clearly settle any 
claim to priority that might arise. Evidence is lacking 
that the Mt. Hebron School was ever chartered under 
Methodist auspices. Apparently, it is not listed among 
the more-than-sixty schools in this region which were 
chartered by the Virginia Assembly before the beginning 
of the Civil War. If, however, it was organized and 
functioned as a Methodist School for a while, on which 
point there seems to be no reasonable doubt, it is entitled 
to consideration here. Mt. Hebron was succeeded by 
Marshall Academy which became a chartered institution 
in 1838. 

As throwing some light on this Methodist enterprise, 
the following from an article on Marshall College in 
the School Journal, November, 1936, may be of some 
interest : 

Marshall College, although not chartered until 1838, is recorded in 
a history of the year 1837 as an already established school, Mt. Hebron, 

20 West Virginia 

which was under the control of the Methodist Episcopal Church. It 
was a small log building on the present site (of Marshall College), 
a rise overlooking the Ohio River two miles west of Guyandot River. 
. . . Some time in 1837 a group of leaders asked the Assembly to take 
over the Mt. Hebron School from the Methodist Episcopal Church 
and in 1838 the General Assembly of Virginia passed an act mak- 
ing . . . "Trustees of Marshall Academy" to be located in Cabell 

The following quotation from George Selden Wal- 
lace's History of Cabell County shows that the school 
came again under Methodist auspices, this time the 
Methodist Episcopal Church South: 

At the organization meeting of the Western Virginia Conference 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church South held at Parkersburg Sep- 
tember 4, 1850, a proposal was made by the trustees of Marshall 
Academy, the terms of which the conference records do not disclose. 
The Committee on Education recommended its acceptance, which was 
done, and Marshall Academy passed under the control of the Western 
Virginia Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church South. Seven 
years later the Academy was in financial distress, and Bishop Pierce 
and twenty-nine other ministers donated fifty dollars each toward 
paying the indebtedness. 

In 1866 Marshall College was in private hands and the records of 
the Western Virginia Conference (of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
South) held on October 24, 1866, contain the following minutes: 
"Prior to the war our body had control of Marshall College near 
Guyandotte at which a number of young men were educated. During 
the war this College was sold by a decree of the court and passed out 
of our hands. Arrangements have been made by the Board of Trustees 
with the purchasers to reopen that institution under the control of 
this conference, to effect which the Board will be compelled to assume 
all its liabilities, about two thousand seven hundred and fifty dollars." 

The Conference was unable to raise this small sum, and in the 
legislative session of 1867 provision was made to establish the State 
Normal School at Marshall College. 

Asbury Academy 

Our information on the other Methodist educational 
enterprise, known to have begun before the year 1840, is, 
possibly, even more meager than that relating to the Mt. 
Hebron School. The minutes of the Ohio Conference pre- 
served in the archives of the Library of Ohio Wesleyan 

Wesleyan College 21 

University, as previously stated, contain a reference as 
early as 1839 to the educational work of that conference 
in Parkersburg, Virginia. In the session of 1840 the con- 
ference appropriated one hundred dollars for the support 
of this educational work, specifically referring to the 
school, in this instance, by name, "Asbury Academy." 

The illustrious Gordon Battelle, according to our 
most reliable sources of information, served as principal 
of Asbury Academy for a period of time. How long he 
continued in this responsibility, we do not know. The 
evidence seems rather clear, however, that he did not 
continue with Asbury Academy longer than the spring 
or summer of 1843; for he is credited as being the first 
principal of the Northwestern Virginia Academy when 
it opened in October of that year in Clarksburg. 

Through the generous cooperation of the Parkersburg 
Sentinel and through helpful letters from Judge L. N. 
Tavenner and Mr. James A. Bryan of Parkersburg, our 
information about Asbury Academy has been amplified 
somewhat. But, even so, consideration for historical ac- 
curacy forbids us to go further than to say that this 
academy began to function not later than 1839, possibly 
some years earlier; that it was chartered under Virginia 
statutes on February 8, 1842; that Gordon Battelle, an 
able Methodist minister possessing strong elements of 
leadership, served it as principal ; and that no records of 
later date than the early forties, to which we have found 
access, refer in the present tense to this educational enter- 
prise. This school is believed to have been located on or 
near Avery Street, Parkersburg. 

The Northwestern Virginia Academy 

From Harvey W. Harmer's "One Hundred and Fifty 
Years of Methodism in Clarksburg," we quote, on the 
purchase of the Randolph Academy property by the 
Methodists, as follows: 

22 West Virginia 

Under the leadership of Jonathan Hamnett, pastor of the Clarks- 
burg Church, a movement was started to purchase the Randolph 
Academy, erected in 1795 and a committee was appointed to solicit 
the necessary fund. 

At a meeting of the Trustees of the Randolph Academy held on 
the 19th day of June, 1841 . . . Charles A. Harper, James P. Bartlett, 
and Aaron Criss, committee on behalf of the subscribers to the 
Northwestern Virginia Academy, communicated to this board that 
the subscribers to the Northwestern Virginia Academy accept the 
proposition made by the board to them for the sale of the Randolph 
Academy lot at the price of $500.00, whereupon it is unanimously 
resolved by the trustees of this academy and they agree to bind 
themselves and their successors in office that they will convey to 
the subscribers to the Northwestern Virginia Academy, the Randolph 
Academy lot and appurtenances, whenever the subscribers to said 
Northwestern Virginia Academy shall finish their academy building 
on said lot and pay to the trustees of the Randolph Academy the 
sum of $500.00. 

Early in 1842 the purchase of the academy was consummated and 
incorporated under the name of Northwestern Virginia Academy and 
under the control of the Methodist Episcopal Church. The Reverend 
Gordon Battelle, a member of the Pittsburgh Conference, became the 
principal. A new building was erected and used by the West Virginia 
Conference until the Civil War. During the war the building was used 
for military purposes, as was the old brick church, which stood east 
of the Academy. After the war the academy was taken over and used 
for a public school. 

In answer to a personal inquiry by the author, Mr. 
Harmer writes as follows: 

All the northern part of West Virginia was originally in the Balti- 
more Conference until 1825 when the Pittsburgh Conference was 
formed and we continued in the latter until our conference was 
formed in 1848. 

From 1848 until about the time when West Virginia 
became a state, the qualifying part of the conference 
name was Western Virginia; since then it has been West 
Virginia. These changes of conference name are intro- 
duced for greater clearness. They do not affect the con- 
tinuity of local relationships with the Northwestern Vir- 
ginia Academy. 

Wesleyan College 23 

To Henry Haymond's History of Harrison County we 
are indebted for the following, relating to the North- 
western Virginia Academy: 

The Reverend Gordon Battelle was the first principal, and the 
first session opened October 1, 1843. He continued as principal about 
twelve years and was succeeded by the Reverend Alexander Martin. 
The last to hold the position before the Civil War was the Reverend 
R. A. Arthur. 

This information from the History of Harrison Coun- 
ty is qualified somewhat in regard to the tenure of the 
position by the Reverend Mr. Battelle, by the report of 
the conference committee on Education, made to the ses- 
sion of the Conference held in Charleston, June 4-9, 
1851. From this report we quote the following: 

The former president (Principal) of the (Northwestern Virginia) 
Academy having resigned that office, and a committee of this con- 
ference having nominated the Reverend Alexander Martin, A. B., to 
the trustees as a suitable person to fill the vacancy, and the trustees 
having unanimously confirmed that nomination, your committee rec- 
ommend the adoption of the following: "Resolved, that the president 
of this Conference be, and he is hereby respectfully requested to ap- 
point the Reverend Alexander Martin to the office of principal of the 
Northwestern Virginia Academy." 

The foregoing statements indicate that the adminis- 
tration of the work of the Academy by the Reverend 
Gordon Battelle began with the autumn session of the 
year 1843 and ended not later than the close of the spring 
session of 1851. His administration seems, in the light 
of these statements, to have lasted eight years. 

The principalship of the Reverend Alexander Martin 
ended with the close of the spring session of the year 
1854. His was a rather brief administration. According 
to all the available evidence, it was highly successful. He 
appears to have had the respect, confidence, and co- 
operation of the trustees of the Academy and of the 
ministers of the conference. 

In the year 1854 the Reverend Richard A. Arthur, 
A. M., succeeded to the principalship of the Academy. 

24 West Virginia 

At this time there was an instructional staff of four, in- 
cluding the principal. The other three members of the 
staff were Peter G. Davisson, Miss Isabelle J. Davisson, 
and Miss Helen McCauley. The Reverend Mr. Arthur 
served three years in the capacity of principal. We quote 
from the report of the Board of Trustees of the Academy 
to the Annual Conference in session at Moundsville, 
April 16, 1857, because we judge the spirit of the report 
to be prophetic of the impending gloom of the approach- 
ing war period. 

Report of the Trustees of Northwestern Virginia Academy, April 
14, 1857, to the Bishop and the members of the Western Virginia Con- 
ference of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

The trustees of the Northwestern Virginia Academy beg leave 
to report: That the Reverend R. A. Arthur has this day resigned 
his place as principal of the Academy which leaves it without a pro- 
fessor at its head. 

Having had great difficulties to encounter for several years past, 
which it is not necessary to mention here, the trustees are at a loss 
to know what advice to give. They, without making any suggestions 
think it best to leave the whole matter to the judgment of the Con- 


NATHAN GOFF, Secy. Protem. 
CHAS. LEWIS, President. 

The response of the conference to the foregoing report 
was to appoint a committee of seven with full authority 
to represent the conference in naming a principal of the 
Academy to succeed the Reverend Mr. Arthur. This 
committee consisted of Gordon Battelle, Gideon Martin, 
James Drummond, Moses Titchenel, Wesley Smith, 
Thomas H. Monroe, and J. B. Blakeney. 

Evidence is lacking that this strong committee was 
able to function in securing a principal, and one is left 
to make the deduction that the Academy was not in 
session under conference auspices between the years 1857 

Author's Note : The discrepant dates above are preserved because the one 
seems to show the time when the resignation occurred and the report was pre- 
pared, while the other is the date when the report was made to the Conference. 

Wesleyan College 25 

and 1865. In the conference minutes of these eight years, 
one does not find evidence either of the appointment of 
a principal or that the school was in session. Other con- 
cerns of major seriousness were probably laying claim 
to the chief place of interest in the lives of men. Just 
how long the Academy was closed should, however, be 
left an open question until it receives better illumination. 
In the meantime, the following statements, conflicting 
a little, it may be, must be our guide : 

( 1 ) "The last to hold the position before the Civil War 
was the Rev. R. A. Arthur." (Haymond's History of 
Harrison County.} 

(2) The above citation from the report of the trustees 
of the Academy showing that, beginning April 14, 1857, 
the Academy was without a principal. 

(3) That the Reverend Mr. Arthur did not hold over 
in the principalship to await the appointment of his suc- 
cessor, is evident from the fact that during the next 
several years he was holding pastorates in different 
parts of the conference area. 

(4) From T. C. Miller's History of Education in West 

Virginia : 

The doors of the Northwestern Virginia Academy were open regu- 
larly ten months out of the year for the reception of students till 
1861 or 1862, when the outbreak of the Civil War called its students 
and teachers to other scenes. ... In 1865 the last session of North- 
western Virginia Academy was taught by the Rev. John Conner, a 
minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

(5) The conference minutes bearing date of March 
14, 1867, state that: 

During the past year the Board of Trustees has been reorganized, 
the building put in tolerable repair at a cost of four or five thousand 
dollars, and the School commenced in conjunction with the town- 
ship commissioners of the district, thus securing about two hundred 
and fifty pupils. The Rev. J. Conner, a Methodist minister, has been 
appointed principal. 

The foregoing statement from the conference minutes 
can be reconciled with the date of Mr. Conner's prin- 

26 West Virginia 

cipalship as given in Miller's History of Education if 
we assume that the phrase, "during the past year," refers 
to the school year. Since the report to the conference was 
prepared before the end of the school year, 1866-67, "the 
past year," may reasonably refer to the school year 

It appears from statements found in the conference 
minutes of 1866 that the expense of the repair of the 
Academy building, referred to above, was borne by the 
Federal Government. This might be inferred also from 
the offhand way in which is stated, in large, round num- 
bers, the cost of the repair as if the habit of penny-pinch- 
ing were foreign to the agency making the report. We 
confess our own weakness for an occasional indulgence 
of the attitude of indifference to severe economies. 

The Academy building, it seems, had been used var- 
iously as prison, soldiers' barracks, and hospital during 
the Civil War period. It stands to reason that a building 
so used for several years, even with the gentleness of a 
company of soldiers, must need some attention to restore 
to it the atmosphere of an educational institution. 

We sense in the conference report of 1867 on the af- 
fairs of the Academy that the trustees were employing 
heroic measures in an effort to instill new life into the 
school. Evidently it was passing through a crisis. Did 
it have in it enough vitality to rally if they administered 
a stimulant? The expression, "Commenced in conjunc- 
tion with the township commissioners of the district 
thus securing about two hundred and fifty pupils," sug- 
gests that it had in a large measure taken the character 
of a grammar school, serving for the most part the needs 
of the local community. This impression is deepened by 
the conference report of the following year. In this re- 
port we learn, "that the trustees of this institution, find- 
ing it impossible to sustain it at present as an independent 
school, have temporarily merged it into the free schools 

Wesleyan College 27 

of the borough of Clarksburg . . . This arrangement is 
made for two years." 

The work of the Academy was never resumed under 
the auspices of the West Virginia Conference. In 1873, 
by an act of the West Virginia Legislature, the Academy 
building and grounds became the property of the Clarks- 
burg public schools. (See chapter 64, Acts of the Legis- 
lature of West Virginia, session of 1872 and 1873.) 

The West Virginia Conference, in session at Charles- 
ton in 1885, spoke its final word on the subject when it 
adopted the report of a board set up the preceding year 
with instruction to "make such arrangements as they 
may deem expedient to carry out the original design that 
suggested the establishment of this school." Their report 
to the conference follows : 

Whereas, the charter of the Northwestern Virginia Academy pre- 
vents any church organization holding the right of control or prop- 
erty ownership in said institution: and 

Whereas, no religious denomination, under said charter, has the 
privilege of establishing at any time, in connection with the Academy, 
any theological school or professorship; therefore, be it 

Resolved, that this conference ceases all further efforts for con- 
tiol and ownership of said institution, and also that the Board of 
Trustees appointed at the last session of our conference be hereby 

After almost twenty years had passed since the Acad- 
emy had been operated under the auspices of the con- 
ference, and after considerable agitation in the confer- 
ence for the reorganization of this educational enter- 
prise, it was deemed wise by that body to discontinue its 
efforts in that direction. 

The Fairmont Male and Female Seminary 

In only one other instance do we find in the records 
evidence that the Western Virginia Annual Conference 
assumed resposibility for the patronage and control of 
an educational institution prior to the time of the estab- 

28 West Virginia 

lishment of the Conference Seminary at Buckhannon. 
This was in the case of the Fairmont Male and Female 
Seminary. The story of this instance can, perhaps, be 
told best in the language of the conference record per- 
taining thereto: 

A communication from the Trustees of the Fairmont Male and 
Female Seminary, Read and Referred June 12, A. D. 1856. 

To the Bishop and members of the Western Virginia Conference 
of the M. E. Church to be held in Buckhannon on June 12, 1856. 
Dear Fathers and Brethren: 

The Board of Trustees of the Fairmont Male and Female Seminary 
beg leave to present for the consideration and action of your body, 
the following statement in reference to the institution under their 

Near the close of last winter, an effort was made on the part of 
several friends of education in this place, Palatine and their vicinities, 
to provide a Seminary of learning for both sexes, that should be able 
to meet the growing demands of this community. A brick building 
three stories high, heretofore used as a hotel was offered with the 
ground pertaining to it for the above purpose for the sum of three 
thousand dollars. Subscriptions for the purchase and furnishing of 
this property for the purpose above named were circulated; one of 
the conditions of said subscription being — "said Seminary is to be 
under the control and patronage of the Western "Virginia Conference 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church." These subscriptions payable in 
one and two years have already amounted to some two thousand six 
hundred dollars. An act of incorporation granting the usual rights 
and privileges in such cases was obtained from the Legislature at its 
last session. 

It was deemed advisable that the school should be opened the pres- 
ent season. The Board deem themselves fortunate in having secured 
the services of the Rev. W. R. White, A.M., a member of the Baltimore 
Conference as principal of the Seminary. Mr. White is a graduate of 
Dickinson College and comes recommended to us, not only as a 
gentleman of superior literary attainments, but also as having a 
successful experience of several years as an instructor in other Sem- 
inaries in the Central and Eastern portion of this state. The first 
session of our Seminary was opened on the 19th ultimo, and thus far 
the tokens of the success of the enterprise are highly encouraging. 
Having made this brief reference to the history of this enterprise 
we need only add: 

1st That in accordance with the intention and desire of the originators 
of the institution, the Board of Trustees respectfully request the Con- 
ference to assume the "patronage and control" of the Seminary nom- 

Wesleyan College 29 

inating from time to time to the Trustees a suitable person as prin- 
cipal of the Seminary, and appointing a committee of your body to 
visit the Institution and report as to its workings and condition. 
2nd The Board desires that the Conference may express its approval 
of the appointment of the Rev. W. R. White, A.M., to the post which 
he now holds. 

3rd The Board would further ask that the Conference at its present 
session and hereafter, would commend the Seminary to the patronage 
of the community. 

Signed by order and in behalf of the Board of Trustees. 
F. H. PIERPONT, President, 

Following the presentation of the foregoing report of 
the Board of Trustees of the Fairmont Male and Female 
Seminary, the conference adopted the following resolu- 
tion coming from its own committee on education : 

Resolved 1st. That "in accordance with the intention and desire 
of the originators of the Institution," and request of the Board of 
Trustees, this conference does hereby take under its "patronage and 
control" the Fairmont Male and Female Seminary and cheerfully 
commends it and all its interests to our people and public. 

Resolved 2nd. That the appointment of the Rev. W. R. White, A. 
M., as principal of said Seminary meets with our unqualified ap- 

Resolved 3rd. That a committee of three be appointed to attend 
the examinations during the ensuing conference year; the committee 
to consist of G. Martin, Ashby Stevens, and Edward McCarty. 
Respectfully submitted, 


Due, probably, to the fact that Dr. W. R. White 
remained a member of the Baltimore Conference till 
1864, his yearly appointment as principal of the Male 
and Female Seminary is mentioned only incidentally 
now and then in the minutes of the West Virginia Con- 
ference. But he seems to have held the position contin- 
uously from 1856 to about 1864. His membership was 
transferred to this Conference in 1864 and the minutes 

30 West Virginia 

of March 18, 1864, record the confirmation of his ap- 
pointment as principal of the Fairmont Male and Fe- 
male Seminary. Not until 1865 do we find in the Con- 
ference minutes confirmation of his appointment as 
State Superintendent of Public Schools in West Vir- 

Dr. White's appointment by the Conference in 1864 
as principal of the Male and Female Seminary, 
and the absence of any report of his conference appoint- 
ment to the State Superintendency of Public Schools 
prior to the conference session of 1865, are both inter- 
esting in view of the fact that the West Virginia Blue 
Book credits him with tenure of the State Superintend- 
ency from June 20, 1863, to March 3, 1869. Just when 
the Male and Female Seminary ceased to carry on does 
not seem to be a matter of record in the Conference min- 
utes. We do not find in the minutes further reference 
to the school after the Conference session of 1864. 

A matter worthy to be noted here is that, although 
some educational enterprises other than the four briefly 
sketched in the foregoing pages had, through their local 
sponsors, been held tantalizingly before the Conference 
at various times, yet that body had exercised a discreet 
self-restraint. It had committed itself enthusiastically, 
on evidence of efficient work, to commending these en- 
terprises to the patronage of Methodists living in their 
several contiguous territories. However, it had carefully 
avoided committing itself to responsibility for their pa- 
tronage and control. The minutes of the conference of 
1857 record a resolution for the appointment of a finan- 
cial secretary for the Male and Female Seminary. 

When we consider the apparent alacrity with which 
the conference took over this new educational enterprise, 
located within thirty miles of another it was already 
trying to support; when we consider the sterling qual- 
ities, the scholarly ability, and the educational exper- 

Wesleyan College 31 

ience of the man whom the trustees had been wise enough 
to put in the place of responsible leadership; when we 
consider the carefully prepared presentation of the case 
so skillfully done to commit the Conference to control 
without even provoking any recorded discussion of the 
implied financial responsibility; finally, when we con- 
sider the prestige of the man chosen to affix his signature 
to the resolutions presented to the Conference; we see 
in all these considerations a piece of masterly diplomatic 

It is too fine an example to be condemned. It is to be 
emulated. Destinies are not fortuitous; the inexorable 
laws of cause and effect determine them. From Calla- 
han's History of West Virginia we quote the following : 

"The Fairmont Academy and the Fairmont Male and 
Female Seminary did thorough work and paved the 
way for the location of the Branch of the State Normal 
school at that place." 

Perhaps the same type of aggressive spirits that could 
do a masterpiece of diplomatic strategy, saw what ap- 
peared to them a larger and more desirable goal and by 
their pursuit of it, decreed that a quarter of a century 
more of yearning and prayer and sacrifice and patient 
planning should pave the way to the establishment of the 
first permanent Methodist educational institution des- 
tined to be of collegiate grade, within the bounds of the 
West Virginia Conference. 

The Educational Society of Western Virginia 

AT THE fourth annual session of the Western Vir- 
„ ginia Conference held in Charleston, June 4-9, 
1851, definite action was taken toward organizing an 
educational society. The chief object of this society was 
to procure and distribute funds to support an educa- 
tional program of the Conference. That the society was 
to act in close cooperation with, and be alive to the in- 
terests of the Northwestern Virginia Academy, is evi- 
dent from the organization given it. 

The six trustees, named first by the Conference and 
later by the Virginia Legislature in May, 1852, and 
given legal status in the act of incorporation which we 
quote below, were all from the County of Harrison. If 
one fails to interpret this in the light of existing con- 
ditions of that time, he may see in this a strong ten- 
dency to make of the Academy, merely a local institu- 
tion. We think of at least two circumstances that seem 
to justify the course that was taken. 

(1) Three of the six trustees, residents of Harrison 
County at that time, were ministers of the Conference. 
While the act of incorporation clearly implies that all 
the trustees must be residents of the county, and says 
nothing about half of their number being members of 
the Conference, yet this feature is expressly stated in 
the set-up given the organization by the Conference that 
framed it, and this aspect of the board was, in all prob- 
ability, at no time ignored. It would follow, then, that 
the incidence of the annual Conference appointments, 


Dk. B. W. Hutchinson 


Dk. S. L. Boyebs 


Dk. John Wier 


Dk. Carl G. Doney 


Wesleyan College 33 

since three of the men assigned to charges within the 
county must be members of the board of trustees, should 
have the effect of making and keeping the affairs of 
the "Educational Society of Western Virginia" matters 
of Conference-wide interest and concern. 

(2) Most of the cross-country roads of that time 
could have been but little better than blazed trails through 
the forests. The Grafton-to-Parkersburg division of the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, passing through Clarks- 
burg, was not yet completed. With the primitive and 
meager facilities for travel and communication existing 
at the time when the society was planned and the act of 
incorporation was passed, it is doubtful, had the mem- 
bers of the board resided in widely separated parts of 
the Conference, whether a quorum for the transaction 
of business could have been assembled without very 
great effort. 

No document which the writer has examined gives a 
formal statement or complete list of the trustees of the 
Northwestern Virginia Academy. However, in a few 
instances, reports made by this board to the Conference 
bear the official signatures of men who were members of 
the board of trustees of the Educational Society of West- 
ern Virginia, as well as the names of some who were not 
members of the latter board. It would seem, therefore, 
that there was some overlapping of the two boards, but 
that the two were not identical in membership. 

Having given brief annals of the educational enter- 
prises undertaken by the Methodist Church in Western 
Virginia prior to the time when the same region became 
a separate state; and having noted the liquidation of all 
these enterprises before, during, or soon after the Civil- 
War period; it is well to examine the circumstances of 
the time lest we charge the fathers with unsteadiness of 
their aims and purposes, or with lukewarmness of their 
zeal for this handmaiden of the church, education. Per- 

34 West Virginia 

haps few, if any, will dissent from the proposition that 
the bitter partisan issues culminating in the war of the 
states were as poison in the atmosphere of education, and 
these enterprises, not yet well established, sickened and 
died. In the cases of those that survived till the end of 
the civil strife, the economic exhaustion of the people 
incidental to such a prolonged struggle may be reason 
enough to account for the temporary eclipse of educa- 
tional interests and plans once dear to their hearts. 

During a part of the Civil-War period and for some 
years thereafter the Educational Society of Western Vir- 
ginia constituted the chief organized evidence of the 
Church's unwavering interest in education. Following 
the organization of the new state, the Society incorporat- 
ed under the laws of Virginia, was given recognition by 
the Legislature of West Virginia, the name being 
changed to "The West Virginia Educational Society." 
Because for a time it was to be the rallying point for 
the educational aspirations of the Conference, we give 
space to the original act of incorporation. This will be 
followed by excerpts from the Conference minutes, which 
will tell in the best way, we believe, most of the story to 
the year 1887. 

An Act to Incorporate the Educational Society of Western Virginia, 
Passed by the Legislature at Richmond, May 27, 1852. 

Be it Enacted by the General Assembly that Nathan Goff, Charles 
Lewis, Walter Ebert, Moses Titchenell, Alexander Martin, and Samuel 
R. Dawson of the County of Harrison, be and they are hereby con- 
stituted a body politic and corporate by the name and style of the 
Educational Society of Western Virginia and by that name shall have 
perpetual succession, and a common seal, may sue and be sued, plead 
and be impleaded, with power to purchase, receive and hold to them 
and their successors forever, any lands, tenements, rents, goods, and 
chattels of what kind soever which may be purchased by or devised 
by or given to them for the use of said society, and to lease, sell, 
rent, or otherwise dispose of the same, in such manner as shall seem 
most conducive to the advantage of said Society, provided that the 
lands, goods, and chattels so authorized to be held shall not exceed 
in amount or value fhe sum of fifty thousand dollars, and provided 

Wesleyan College 35 

that not less than a majority of the trustees for the time being shall 
be sufficient to authorize the sale or mortgage of any real estate be- 
longing to said society. The said trustees and their successors shall 
have power to appoint a president, treasurer, librarian, tutors, and 
such other officers as they may deem necessary, and to endow a pro- 
fessorship or professorships in such College, Academy, or Seminary 
of learning in Western Virginia as they may select after having first 
obtained the concurrence, approbation and consent of two thirds of 
all of the trustees of any such College, Academy, or Seminary of 
learning, by an order for that purpose being first duly entered on 
the minutes or record of the proceedings of the Board of Trustees of 
such College, Academy, or Seminary of learning so proposed to be 
endowed by them in the manner provided as aforesaid, and also to 
make and establish from time to time such by-laws, rules, and regu- 
lations, not contrary to the laws of this State or of the United States, 
as they may deem necessary for the good government of said society. 
A majority of the trustees shall constitute a quorum for the trans- 
action of business, and any vacancy or vacancies amongst the trus- 
tees occasioned by the death, resignation, removal from the county, 
or legal disability shall be supplied by appointment of the board. 
The treasurer shall receive all monies accruing to the society, and 
properly delivered to his care, and shall pay or deliver the same on 
the order of the board. Before entering on his duties he shall give bond 
with such security and in such penalty as the board may direct, made 
payable to the trustees for the time being and their successors, and 
conditioned on the faithful discharge of his duty under such rules 
and regulations as may be adopted by the board: and it shall be 
lawful for the said trustees to obtain judgment for the amount there- 
of, or for any special delinquencies incurred by the treasurer on 
motion in the Circuit Court of Harrison County against the said 
treasurer and his securities, his or their executors or administrators 
upon giving ten days notice of such motion. The legislature reserves 
to itself the right to repeal, change or modify this act. This act shall 
be in force from its passage. 

I, George W. Munford, Clerk of the House of Delegates and Keeper 
of the Rolls of Virginia do hereby certify that the foregoing is a true 
copy of an act passed by the General Assembly of Virginia on the 
27th of May 1852. Given under my hand in the State of Virginia in 
the City of Richmond this 25th day of July 1852. 

C. H. D., and Keeper of the Rolls of Virginia. 

Agitation and Action 

CONFERENCE MINUTES— Session 1874. Re- 
port of the Committee on Education, Item Three. 
A Conference Seminary. 

There are reasons too numerous to mention why we should take 
into consideration the propriety of establishing one or more Confer- 
ence Seminaries within our bounds. In other days the most flourishing 
academy in West Virginia was under the patronage of this body, ac- 
complishing a great work in behalf of education. The same and even 
a far grander work could, under the same auspices, be accomplished 
under the more favorable circumstances of the present. It has been 
intimated to a member of this Conference that a gentleman residing 
in the capital of the state is ready to make over to the Conference 
a most liberal grant of buildings, grounds and money if the Confer- 
ence will undertake to organize and support a Seminary in that sec- 
tion. We doubt not others would unite with him in the same liberal 
spirit. We also would respectfully suggest the reorganization of the 
Academy in Clarksburg, or, if the trustees decline to act, then the 
establishment of a Conference Seminary wherever the most favorable 
opening may present itself in the Northwestern part of the state. 

Resolved, That the Presiding Elders of Charleston and Guyandotte 
Districts, and the preacher in charge of Charleston station, together 
with Philip W. Morgan and G. W. Atkinson, and the Presiding Elders 
of Clarksburg, Parkersburg and Buckhannon Districts, and the preach- 
ers in charge of those stations, be a committee on behalf of this Con- 
ference to receive, consider, and, if the way be entirely clear, act on 
a proposition or propositions such as above suggested, and report 
to this Conference at its next session. 

Conference Minutes 1875, March 3, Point Pleasant, 
West Virginia: 

Resolved, That this Conference respectfully invite the presenta- 
tion, at its next session, of propositions looking toward the establish- 
ment of a Seminary for the education of youth of both sexes, and that 

Wesleyan College 37 

the Secretary forward this resolution for publication in the Pittsburgh 
Christian Advocate. 

From Report of Committee on Education : 

Inasmuch as the Methodist Episcopal Church of West Virginia has 
no school of its own in the State, it is a matter for serious considera- 
tion whether we should not, as soon as possible, take steps for the 
organization of such an institution in which Christian faith and 
liberal letters may, in kindliest relation, be cultivated, free from the 
destroying power of sectarian bigotry and partisan intolerance. 

Resolved, That we are as much as ever in favor of popular free- 
school education, and trust this important interest will be faithfully 
and jealously conserved by the people. 

Resolved, By the West Virginia Annual Conference, that we hereby 
recognize the great importance of establishing a Seminary of learning 
at some point within the limits of our territory, and that a committee 
of three discreet members of this Conference be appointed to receive 
propositions from the different towns and cities of the State for its 
location and report the same to the next Conference for final action 

Resolved, That as a Conference we rejoice in the success of the 
literary institutions of West Virginia so far as they contribute to the 
Christian education of the masses of the people, and that until this 
Conference shall have established an institution of its own, we invite 
our people to patronize the West Virginia University, and our own 
State Normal Schools and other educational institutions. 

Conference Minutes 1877, March 21, Grafton, West 

We, your committee, to whom was referred, at our last annual 
session, the subject of receiving proposals for the establishment of a 
Conference Seminary, beg leave to report as follows: 

We have received but one proposal, namely, from Buckhannon, 
Upshur County. ?*■ 

This town offers to the Conference a subscription amounting to six 
thousand five hundred and ninety dollars ($6,590) and also a most 
heautiful site for the Seminary, containing over three acres of land, 
worth at least $1,500, making a total of $8,090. 

Your committee would, in view of the very liberal offer made by the 
town of Buckhannon, and other considerations which need not be em- 
bodied in this report, respectfully recommend Buckhannon as the 
place for a Seminary under our patronage; and 

We would further recommend that the Conference appoint Trustees 
tc receive the subscriptions and donations from Buckhannon, and that 
they be instructed to proceed at once to the construction of such 

38 West Virginia 

building as, in their judgment may be necessary for present purposes, 
but not to go beyond the means placed in their hands for this pur- 
pose, now or hereafter. 

Conference Minutes, October 10, 1878; Parkersburg, 
West Virginia : 

Whereas, This Conference has a keen sense of the importance of 
keeping the higher education of youth under the control of the Chris- 
tian Church, and fully realizes that where one student can enter a 
college or a university, a hundred must depend on the Academy or 
Seminary for training and instruction, and is deeply impressed with 
the necessity of a Conference Seminary of high rank, which shall 
be not only a help to learning, but also a fountain of piety, and is 
fully persuaded that Providence will speedily open the door for the 
accomplishment of our long cherished purpose in this regard; therefore, 
Resolved, That we will appoint a commission of five ministers and 
four laymen to receive any proposals that may be made by individuals 
or communities for the establishment of such Conference Seminary, 
provided that we do not invite proposals from places not accessible, or 
nearly so, by railroad, and that we will not undertake to establish 
a Seminary in any locality which does not donate to us at least 
twenty-five thousand dollars in land, buildings or other property, nor 
except the appointment of a majority of the Board of Trustees shall 
be vested in this Annual Conference. 




The commission asked for in the above resolution was 
appointed as follows: 

Ministers: A. C. George, W. R. White, Samuel 
Steels, E. W. Ryan, D. H. K. Dix. 

Laymen: H. K. List, A. J. Boreman, C. M. Bishop, 
Nathan Goff, Sr. 

Conference Minutes October 1, 1879, Morgantown, 
West Virginia. 

This commission had a meeting at the Fourth Street M. E. Church 
in Wheeling, February 6, 1879. The most of the members were present. 
Rev. A. C. George, D.D., was elected chairman and Professor W. R. 
White was chosen secretary. 

Two or three places were represented as favorably situated for the 
location of a Conference Seminary, and as likely to contribute liber- 
ally in that direction but no formal, definite proposals were received. 

Wesleyan College 39 

. . . Subsequently public educational meetings were held in Grafton 
and in Parkersburg which were addressed by the chairman of our 
commission and by resident speakers, and at both of which commit- 
tees were appointed to consider the question of the location of such 
a Conference Seminary, and to inquire whether the necessary con- 
ditions could be met in their respective localities. 

The Commission has received no proposal within the stated terms 
and limitations for the location of a Conference Seminary. . . . The 
Conference, they claim, should be able to make the citizens of any 
place furnishing $25,000 in money, buildings, or other property toward 
the establishment of a Seminary, this proposition: "We will raise 
outside of your vicinage an equal amount towards the endowment of 
the Seminary, thus insuring its permanence and success." They urge 
this especially in view of the fact that the appointment of a majority 
of the Board of Trustees is to be vested absolutely in the West Vir- 
ginia Conference. . . . Has the denomination the ability to perform 
such a work as has been suggested? The West Virginia Conference has 
150 traveling preachers, 376 churches, over 33,000 members, and a 
church property which is in the aggregate put down at $622,120. A 
Christian denomination so situated, and having such resources, and 
deeply interested in the cause of education, is sufficient for such an 
undertaking as has been proposed. It can accomplish the great work 
and it ought to do it. . . . In view of these facts and considerations, 
we respectfully recommend that the action of the last Conference in 
respect to a Conference Seminary be reaffirmed, and that the Bishop 
be requested to appoint a commission to serve during the ensuing year. 

A. C. GEORGE, Chairman. 

Conference Minutes, October 14, 1880, Huntington, 
West Virginia. 

Your committee, after consultation with various parties, and test- 
ing the sentiment of our conference, have concluded that the time 
for definite action has come. We recommend the appointment of a 
committee of ten to solicit subscriptions toward an Institution of 
Academic grade for both sexes to be located south of the Little 
Kanawha River. The subscriptions taken to be void, unless the sum 
of $5,000 shall be secured in reliable pledges. We recommend the ap- 
pointment of a Board of Control to be composed of the Presiding 
Elders of the Conference, and one layman for each district. This 
Board shall take charge of the subscriptions, collect and control the 
same when reported by the Soliciting Committee, they having secured 
the full $5,000. If in the judgment of the Board of Control it is 
deemed necessary to purchase or erect a building, they shall have 
power to do so and commence a school and control the same until 
the next session of our conference. 

40 West Virginia 

The organization provided for in the above recom- 
mendation was composed as follows: 

Soliciting Committee: W. M. Fitzwater, J. W. Bedford, L. A. Mar- 
tin, G. W. Atkinson, L. H. Jordan, W. G. Riheldaffer, H. W. Hovey, 
George C. Wilding, G. C. Shaeffer, Dr. A. Workman. 
Board of Control: The Presiding Elders. 

The following Laymen: George C. Sturgiss, John M. Davis, John 
Bailie, C. F. Scott, H. C. McWhorter, Thomas Medford, A. M. Pound- 
stone, B. F. Swisher, Wm. Nuttall. 

W. C. SNODGRASS, Chairman, 
C. P. MASDEN, Secretary. 

That the organizations given above encountered diffi- 
culties in promoting the program assigned to them is to 
be inferred from the fact that the minutes of the Confer- 
ence do not reveal any constructive efforts toward a real- 
ization of the educational aim of the Conference during 
the next three years, 1881, 1882, and 1883. The brief 
revival of interest by the Conference in its relation to 
the Northwestern Virginia Academy in the session of 
1884, and its abandonment of all efforts for the control 
and ownership of this institution, as recorded in the 
minutes of the session of 1885, have already been related. 

It is noteworthy that the educational leaders in the 
conference came back strong again in the session of 1886. 
Perhaps they derived some inspiration from their con- 
tacts of the session for they were meeting at the seat of 
the State University. 

Conference Minutes, September 23, 1886, Morgan- 
town, West Virginia. 

Your committee deem it imperative on them to place prominently 
before you the subject of a Conference Seminary. For years the Com- 
mittee on Education has kept this enterprise in view, but all action 
hitherto has been tentative. The time has come when this Conference 
ought to take definite steps toward this work. Is there not among us 
some who are public-spirited enough, and financially able to aid in 
the establishment of a Conference Seminary? The money spent in 
securing educational advantages outside of our state every year, in 
the one item of transportation of 100 pupils would amount to $2,000. 
This sum would pay the tuition of the same number of pupils for 

Wesleyan College 41 

one year. We have been waiting a long time for this school in vain. 
There are two ways of waiting, however; one, the Bible way — 
waiting in the use of the means — the other; that of a hero of fiction — 
waiting for something to turn up. That has failed hopelessly, let us 
try the other. 

It has occurred to us that a special day be assigned to the interests 
of our proposed school, and that the second Sunday of January be 
observed to present this enterprise to our congregations, and col- 
lections and subscriptions taken for this purpose. We recommend the 
appointment of the Rev. J. W. Reger and J. A. Barnes, Esq., to fill 
the vacancies caused by the death of the Rev. S. Steele and the Hon. 
N. Goff, and that the Rev. W. R. White be substituted for the Rev. 
H. P. Boatman in the Board of Trustees of the West Virginia Con- 
ference Seminary. We recommend that the Board secure a charter of 
incorporation as speedily as possible, and that they are hereby au- 
thorized to locate this school and give publicity to its location at the 
earliest date, and to employ an agent, if in their judgment they should 
deem it advisable. We recommend further, that the money in the 
hands of the treasurer of the educational fund, and that also in the 
hands of the Board of Control of the Centennial Educational Fund 
be handed over to the Treasurer of the Board of Trustees of said 
West Virginia Conference Seminary, as soon as it is incorporated and 

Conference Minutes, 1887. Parkersburg, October 5. 
I ntroduction by the Committee on Education. 

The report of the Trustees of our own Conference Seminary ren- 
ders unnecessary a lengthy reference. The prospect of having at no 
distant date a school of our own which shall stop the exodus of our 
young people to other states is very inspiring. May God open the 
hearts of laymen and their pockets too, so that the labor and patient 
hope of the friends of this enterprise may be triumphantly blest and 

Report of the Trustees of the Conference Seminary. 

To the Bishop and Members of the West Virginia Conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church: 

The Trustees of the Conference Seminary heretofore appointed by 
your body with instructions to locate a Seminary for this Conference, 
respectfully report that after sundry meetings at different places, and 
receiving from various localities, liberal propositions and offers of 
donations as inducements to secure the location of the Institution 
at the said places, respectively, and maturely considering such propo- 
sitions, your Trustees finally, in July last, located the said Institu- 
tion at the town of Buckhannon, in the County of Upshur, and pur- 

42 West Virginia 

chased for a site, for such Seminary, a beautiful plot of ground on 
the South East side of said town about three-fourths of a mile from 
the Court House, and not quite so far from the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, Said plot contains forty-three and one-quarter acres. This 
site is the most commanding and eligible of the many, by which the 
town is surrounded. The purchase was made at the price of five 
thousand five hundred and fifty-one dollars and eighty-six cents 
($5,551.86) of which $300 was paid in cash, the residue to be paid in 
three equal annual payments of $1,750.62 each, with interest for which 
said several payments the thirteen acting Trustees made their joint 
notes which are further secured by the vendor's lien reserved in the 
deed conveying said property to the Trustees. An apt and proper 
deed of general warranty conveying said 4314 acres of land to your 
Trustees, has been duly executed by the vendor, Levi Leonard, and 
his wife, and admitted to record in the Clerk's office, of the County 
Court of Upshur County. Whereupon by operation of law your Trus- 
tees became a corporation. Your Trustees have received from the 
citizens of Buckhannon and Upshur County good and solvent sub- 
scriptions amounting to the sum of $12,000 to aid in the purchase of 
a site, and the erection of proper buildings thereon, payable, one-fourth 
when the work on the buildings sball be commenced, the residue in 
three equal payments at three, six and nine months thereafter. 

Your Trustees did not deem it advisable for the short time inter- 
vening between the time of the location of the Seminary and the 
meeting of the Conference to put a financial agent in the field. Your 
Trustees recommend that the Conference appoint as financial agent 
for the ensuing Conference year the Rev. A. J. Lyda, D.D., and that 
he be paid a salary of $1,000 and his traveling and moving expenses. 

Messrs. Henry K. List, J. C. McGrew and Henry Logan, named 
by the Conference as Trustees of the Seminary, declined to act as 
Trustees, we therefore, recommend the appointment by the Confer- 
ence in the room and stead of said persons, Messrs. W. A. Wilson 
of Wheeling, J. C. Bardall of Moundsville, and S. P. McCormick of 
Kingwood. We further recommend the names of Messrs. Chas. W. 
Lynch of Clarksburg, Chas. F. Scott of Parkersburg, J. H. Hanson of 
Buckhannon, and the Reverends S. R. D. Prickett, George E. Hite, 
and C. H. Lakin, as reserves, from which the Board of Trustees may 
fill any vacancy or vacancies that may occur on the Board. 

The agent's salary and traveling expenses are to be paid out of col- 
lections he and the preachers may take for that purpose. 

We recommend that the Board of Trustees be authorized to proceed 
in the erection of suitable Seminary buildings on the site selected as 
aforesaid, at such time, and on such plans as the Board shall in its 
judgment deem best, and also to equip, employ teachers, fix salaries 
for the same, sell scholarships, fix tuition fees and put said Institu- 
tion in running order. 

Wesleyan College 43 

Whereas, The West Virginia Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, desiring to establish within its boundaries a Conference Sem- 
inary for the education of the youth of both sexes in the higher 
branches of learning, and to this end appointed a Board of Sixteen 
Trustees of the proposed Seminary, and instructed them to proceed 
as soon as practicable after its last session, to select a suitable location 
for such Seminary, and give publicity to their action in the premises; 
and also to procure a charter of incorporation for said Board of Trus- 
tees; and 

Whereas, The said Trustees have located said Seminary at the 
town of Buckhannon in Upshur County, and have purchased and 
procured, to be conveyed to them by good and sufficient deed, a cer- 
tain parcel of land in the said county for the use of the said Seminary, 
which has been recorded in said County; all of which having been 
duly reported by said Trustees to this Annual Conference, have been 
by it accepted, ratified and confirmed; and 

Whereas, It is desired that the Board of Trustees of said Confer- 
ence (Seminary), already appointed, should become a body corporate to 
hold, receive, manage and control, for the use of said Seminary, the 
land so purchased for it as aforesaid, and all other property, real, 
personal or mixed, which said Trustees or any other person may now 
have or hold for the use of said Seminary, or which may be hereafter 
given, bequeathed, devised, granted, conveyed, or in any other manner 
acquired for its use; and 

Whereas, It is deemed essential to the permanency and success of 
said Seminary that the general management and supervision shall at 
all times be under the ultimate control and direction of this Confer- 
ence until otherwise ordered; therefore, 

Resolved, 1st, That this Conference will, at each annual session 
thereof, appoint sixteen persons to act as a Board of Trustees for 
said Seminary, all of whom shall be members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church in good standing, eight of whom shall be traveling 
preachers and eight laymen, residing within the bounds of this Con- 

2nd, That the Trustees so appointed shall continue in office until 
their successors are appointed and have signified in writing to the 
Secretary of this Conference their acceptance of this trust. 

3rd, That when any person appointed such Trustee shall perm- 
anently remove beyond the bounds of this Conference, or cease to be 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, his office as such Trus- 
tee shall become vacant; and such vacancies shall be filled by a ma- 
jority of the remaining Trustees until the next annual session of this 

4th, That the said Trustees now appointed be, and they are hereby 
directed to cause themselves and their successors to be incorporated 
under the laws of West Virginia for the purpose hereinbefore set 

44 West Virginia 

forth, and to provide in such charter of incorporation that all va- 
cancies which shall occur in the corporate body by death, resignation, 
or otherwise, shall be filled by selections from the persons then con- 
stituting the said Board of Trustees for said Seminary. 

5th, That when the said Trustees shall have been incorporated, as 
aforesaid, and duly organized as such corporation, it shall be the duty 
of said Trustees, by proper deeds, assignments and transfers, to con- 
vey, transfer and deliver to such corporation all property, real, per- 
sonal or mixed, which they may have or hold in trust for said 

6th, That the said Trustees shall report their action in the prem- 
ises to the next session of this Conference. 

A. J. LYDA, President, 
E. H. ORWEN, Secretary. 

Resolution by The Laymen's Electoral Conference. 

Resolved, That the educational interest of the West Virginia Con- 
ference deserves a more active support on the part of the Laity of 
the Church and that this Electoral Conference heartily commends 
the action of the Annual Conference in the establishment of the Con- 
ference Seminary. 

In changing our point of view now from the minutes 
of the Annual Conference to the minutes of the Board 
of Trustees of the Conference Seminary, let us keep in 
mind that in the Conference session of 1885 that body, 
by the adoption of a resolution, put itself on record as 
ceasing all effort directed toward regaining control of 
the Northwestern Virginia Academy located at Clarks- 
burg. For twenty years the educational aspirations of 
the Conference had been stalemated. There is some evi- 
dence that this may have been due to halting between 
two opinions. 

There had been resolutions looking toward a revival of 
conference educational activity in this academy. At other 
times other resolutions proposed a complete break with 
the past and the building of an entirely new educational 
enterprise. The Conference seemed unable to choose be- 
tween these two courses. When it was finally established 
that one course was no longer open to them for choice, 
their progress along the other was surprisingly rapid. 

Wesleyan College 45 

The board of Trustees of the Centenary Fund of the 
year 1885 was enlarged in September, 1886. Under the 
name of "The Board of Trustees of the West Virginia 
Conference Seminary," the members were instructed by 
the Conference to secure a charter of incorporation, to 
choose a location, and secure a site for the school and to 
give due publicity to their official acts. 

Acting under the above mandate, the board solicited 
the interest of many West Virginia towns and cities in 
the location of the school. The sessions of the board for 
the purposes of choosing a location and purchasing a site 
began April 13, 1887. No decision was reached at the 
first meeting, which was held in the Buckhannon Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, located at the corner of Main 
and Florida streets, now the site of the post office. 
The board held its second meeting in Parkersburg on 
May 17. The third meeting was held at Philippi on July 

It is interesting to note that there were thirteen of the 
sixteen members of the board present at this meemg on 
the thirteenth of July and that on the thirteenth ballot 
of the next day's session they reached the decision to lo- 
cate the Seminary in Buckhannon. What a bone for both 
friends and hecklers! The former will see in this un- 
witting challenge to the superstition of unlucky numerals 
a forecast of the school's most wholesome growth from 
one of secondary rank and uncertain prospect, to a sturdy 
college with graduating classes of seventy or more mem- 
bers, all in the short period of fifty years. The latter 
will ascribe all the calamities that express to them the 
difference between what is, and what might have been, 
in the life of the school, to the blindness of the well- 
meaning founders who failed to see the hand of the 
fates writing in triplicate this omen of their displeasure. 

The thirteen members of the board present and taking 
part in the important meeting that fixed the location of 

46 West Virginia 

the school were J. A. Barnes, J. A. Fullerton, L. H. Jor- 
dan, A. J. Lyda, B. F. Martin, H. C. McWhorter, E. H. 
Orwen, A. M. Poundstone, J. W. Reger, A. B. Rohr- 
bough, L. L. Stewart, W. R. White, and Samuel Woods. 

Before the location of the Seminary was determined, 
its choice was conditioned by a resolution passed by the 
Board making it contingent upon the citizens of the 
place chosen, being willing within a reasonable time to 
sell suitable and sufficient land for the site. 

The choice of the location was followed by a meeting 
of the Board in Buckhannon on July 15. The purpose of 
this meeting was to secure for the school a suitable site 
in a convenient location with respect to the town. After 
viewing available sites they closed an option with Messrs. 
Daniel Carper and W. F. Carper for sixty acres of land 
lying in the area now comprising North Buckhannon. 

Before the option was closed, some apprehension was 
expressed about the accessibility of the Seminary to the 
town, there being no satisfactory bridge across the river 
from North Buckhannon to the island. This objection 
was not taken seriously at the time, but a little later it 
was regarded as so significant that a meeting of the 
Board was called in Buckhannon on August 29, and the 
uncertainty of securing such a bridge without assuming 
the responsibility for its construction was the basis for 
asking to be released from the conditions of the option. 

On being released from their option on the sixty-acre 
tract in North Buckhannon, the board entered into ne- 
gotiations with Mr. Levi Leonard for the purchase of 
the site on which the school was and is located. The site 
comprises forty-three acres and fifty-three square rods, 
for which the Board agreed to pay $5,551.86 as follows: 
$300.00 down and the residue in three equal annual pay- 
ments of $1,750.62 each, with interest. 

Instructions of the Conference having been car- 
ried out to the point of determining the location of 

Wesleyan College 47 

the Seminary and purchasing grounds for its campus, 
the Board appointed its next meeting for Parkersburg, 
October 4, at which place and time the Annual Confer- 
ence would be in session. There they presented to the 
Conference a full report of their official acts, received 
the approval of the Conference, and made plans to raise 
necessary funds for the erection of a suitable building. 

While the date of record, appointed for the Board's 
Parkersburg meeting was October 4, their minutes show 
that they held an evening session there on October 3 
and other sessions on October 4, 8, and 10. One senses 
in the minutes of their proceedings an atmosphere of 
confidence and purposefulness pervading their activities. 

The personnel of the Board was also of strong, good 
men. (A list of the names of those who have served in 
the capacity of members of the Board of Trustees will be 
found in the Appendix to this volume.) The Reverend 
A. J. Lyda had been chairman of the Board in its sev- 
eral sessions already held. However, in planning for the 
raising of building funds, a need was felt for Mr. Lyda's 
services in the set-up for that purpose, and, in the re- 
organization of the Board that ensued, the Hon. Samuel 
Woods was made chairman. In this capacity Mr. Woods 
continued in active and efficient service until the time 
of his death, February 17, 1897. 

As throwing some light upon a condition in which our 
generation has witnessed great improvement, we relate 
here that President Hutchinson, to attend Mr. Woods's 
funeral at that mid-winter season, entrained at Buckhan- 
non the day before, reaching P'hilippi after changes and 
incidental loss of much time at Weston, Clarksburg, and 
Grafton. The round trip, including necessary time at 
Philippi which was twenty miles away by the highway, 
required nearly three days. 

The Business of Building 

DUE to the fact that a mandate from the Annual Con- 
ference allowed the Board to go ahead with the 
plans to erect a suitable building on the campus and also 
to make ready for the opening of the Seminary as soon as 
the problems of money-raising and construction would 
permit, the Board held ten meetings in the next three 
years following the session in Parkersburg. Of these 
meetings four were held at Grafton, three in Buckhan- 
non, and one each in Fairmont, Point Pleasant, and Wes- 
ton. The three last named were appointed with respect to 
the sessions of the Annual Conference of 1888, 1889, and 
1890, respectively. 

In their session of October 8, 1887, the Board of Trus- 
tees appointed a committee, consisting of B. F. Martin, 
L. H. Jordan, and W. R. White, to secure the services of 
a competent architect to draft plans and prepare speci- 
fications for the erection of a suitable building with an 
estimated probable cost not to exceed $25,000. (Those 
who remember the original building well, will seriously 
question whether it could be duplicated in this year of 
our Lord 1939 for materially less than $100,000.) Mr. 
A. M. Poundstone was appointed and instructed to em- 
ploy workmen to quarry and deliver upon the Seminary 
ground as soon as possible the building rock donated by 
Mr. M. Jackson. The treasurer of the Board, Mr. B. F. 
Martin of Grafton, was at the same time instructed to 
honor any drafts made by A. M. Poundstone to pay for 


Dr. Wallace B. Fleming 

Dr. E. Guy Cutshall 

Dr. Homer E. Wark 

Dr. Roy McCi'skey 

Wesleyan College 49 

labor and for other necessary expense in carrying out 
the instructions of the Board. 

On the recommendation of the committee on plans, 
Mr. E. W. Wells of Wheeling was employed as the 
architect for the building. 

The Board, in a session held in Buckhannon April 10- 
12, 1888, appointed a local executive committee consist- 
ing of L. H. Jordan, J. W. Reger, and A. M. Pound- 
stone. This committee was created at the request of the 
treasurer. Its chief function was to pass on all bills before 
they were presented to him for payment. 

A building committee was appointed, consisting of J. 
C. Bardall, S. P. McCormick, A. M. Poundstone, H. C. 
McWhorter, L. H. Jordan, and J. W. Reger. The duties 
of this committee were to 

proceed as soon as practicable to advertise for and receive bids for 
laying the foundation of the proposed Seminary Building, and for 
the erection of the walls thereof, and for all the materials of every 
kind, and the workmanship necessary to put the building under roof, 
and for roofing the same, and providing the material therefor ac- 
cording to the architects plans and specifications; and also to receive 
separate bids for the foundation alone, and for the walls and roof 
separately from the foundation, with all necessary materials therefor, 
and also for the foundation, walls, roof and necessary material there- 
for as a whole, and at their discretion to enter into contract therefor, 
to be reported to the Board for approval or rejection. 

It is evident that the Board did not look upon mem- 
bership on the building committee as a purely honorary 
distinction. One senses from the character of these in- 
structions to the committee that the coffers of the Board 
were not overflowing with ducats. One senses also that 
these men who had accepted service in this new educa- 
tional enterprise of the church were not lacking in zeal 
for the discharge of the responsibilities committed to 

The Board as a whole entered minutely into the matter 
of the exact location of the building upon the campus. 

50 West Virginia 

After considering some resolutions designed to establish 
the site in terms of measured distances from the thoro- 
fares now named College Avenue and Meade Street, it 
was decided to locate it on the crest of the slight knoll 
on the campus with its front facing toward College Ave- 
nue. This decision was adhered to, and when the present 
Administration Hall was built in 1905, replacing the 
original structure destroyed by fire, it was erected upon 
a larger foundation covering the same spot. 

A contract was awarded to George Croll on August 
30, 1888, for the construction of the stone foundation for 
the consideration of $4,167, less $1.75 per perch for all 
stone furnished by the Trustees. 

On October 11, 1888, the Board of Trustees author- 
ized their President in the name and behalf of the Board 
to enter into contract with Henry O'Blenness for the 
erection and completion of the superstructure of the Sem- 
inary Building. His bid of $23,332 was according to 
the plans and specifications prepared by Architect E. 
W. Wells, to be completed on or before the first day of 
July, 1890, and to be enclosed on or before the first day 
of December, 1889. The contractor was given permission 
to make the brick for the walls of the building of clay 
dug from the campus. (When the writer entered the 
school in March, 1891, there were still some scars on 
the landscape made by removing clay for the manu- 
facture of bricks.) These bricks became a consideration 
again in awarding the contract for the construction of 
Administration Hall. They were cleaned and used for 
filling in the walls of the present structure. 

At the time the above contract was entered into, the 
treasurer's report showed a balance of $1,689.76. In view 
of contracts now made, implying payment of sums ex- 
ceeding $25,000, the Board did some careful planning 
to forestall financial embarrassment. These plans em- 
braced, first, a campaign to collect on pledges already 

Wesleyan College 51 

made; second, a campaign to secure new pledges; third, 
a bond issue of fifteen thousand dollars secured by a lien 
on all the tangible assets of the school. A fourth step 
taken to insure the continuance of the work of building 
and equipping the school shows better, perhaps than any 
of the others the faith of the Trustees in the enterprise 
they were fostering. Twelve of them signed a note mak- 
ing themselves severally and collectively responsible for 
the payment of a loan of three thousand dollars which 
they secured from the First National Bank of Grafton. 
These members were J. C. Bardall, J. A. Fullerton, L. 
H. Jordan, A. J. Lyda, B. F. Martin, H. C. McWhor- 
ter, E. H. Orwen, A. M. Poundstone, J. W. Reger, A. 
B. Rohrbough, L. L. Stewart, and Samuel Woods. 

Administration of President B. W. Hutchinson 



ON JUNE 12, 1890, the Trustees turned their at- 
tention to the business of employing a president 
and a staff of teachers for the Seminary. The record is 
brief. In seven lines we are told that applications and 
recommendations were read, that B. F. Martin moved 
to tender B. W. Hutchinson the presidency at a salary 
of $1,000, that J. A. Fullerton moved to amend by mak- 
ing the salary $1,200, and that the motion as amended 
was adopted. 

How many men were under consideration and who 
they were, aside from the one favored as their choice, is 
unrevealed. The new, first president of the West Vir- 
ginia Conference Seminary was already known some- 
what among the leaders of Methodism in the West Vir- 
ginia Conference, having been appointed as a young 
man a few years earlier to fill a vacancy in the pastorate 
of the Sistersville M. E. Church. The Board evidently 
felt that his qualifications for the discharge of the re- 
sponsibilities they were asking him to assume, put him 
in a class where he had no competitor. His able adminis- 
tration of the affairs of the school from July, 1890 to 
February, 1898 demonstrated the wisdom of their judg- 

An excerpt from an appreciation of the late Dr. George 
C. Wilding, written by Dr. Hutchinson some Years 

Wesleyan College 53 

ago, will shed some light upon the circumstances leading 
to Dr. Hutchinson's appointment as president of the 

My connection with Doctor Wilding began more than forty years 
ago at Ohio Wesleyan, when I was an undergraduate and he a "visitor" 
from the West Virginia Conference. At that time he dropped into my 
mind and heart the seed or suggestion that when I was through with 
my education, I should come to West Virginia and help them start 
their prospective seminary or college, which was then being projected. 
This led to my supplying the old Sistersville Circuit under him as 
Presiding Elder in the summer of 1884. He renewed the suggestion 
at that time concerning the proposed institution of learning which 
they hoped to found within the next few years. In the meantime Doc- 
tor Wilding transferred to the Central Illinois Conference, and later 
to the Pacific Northwest, and I entered the school of theology and 
later joined the New England Southern Conference. But the leaven 
which he planted did its work, and one night while I was pastor in 
the City of Providence, R. I., in the summer of 1890, a telegram from 
Buckhannon, W. Va., reached me, offering me the presidency of the 
West Virginia Conference Seminary (now Wesleyan College). At once 
I thought of Wilding, and I knew it was his suggestion that lay back 
of this offer. . . . Whatever work I wrought there during the years 
1890-1898 is thus vitally connected with the memory of this Godly 
Welsh-American Methodist preacher. Peace to his memory. 

Two members of the teaching staff were chosen in a 
subsequent session of the Board of Trustees in the meet- 
ing of June 11-13, 1890. These were J. F. Ogden and 
Emma B. Tavenner. Professor Ogden, who was an ex- 
perienced public-school teacher and administrator, was 
assigned to the responsibility of organizing and admin- 
istering a department in the Seminary for the education 
and training of teachers. It is a matter of interest that 
the school's activity in this important field for serving 
its constituents dates from the very beginning. To Miss 
Tavenner was assigned the teaching of History and 
higher English. 

During the summer President Hutchinson prepared 
and published a four-page prospectus designed to give 
publicity to the work of the School now scheduled to 
begin September 3. Before the date of publication of 

54 West Virginia 

the prospectus, the Board had employed three more teach- 
ers. Professor Frank B. Trotter, a graduate of Roanoke 
College, was employed to teach Latin, French, and Ger- 
man. "There were giants in the earth in those days." 
Mrs. B. W. Hutchinson, a Syracuse-University Bach- 
elor of Music, was made preceptress and head of the de- 
partment of Music. D. T. E. Casteele, M.D., was em- 
ployed to teach Chemistry, Physiology, and Zoology. 
This good doctor, I seem to recall, had had military 
training which he generously dispensed to us under the 
guise of a keeping-fit program. We stood at attention, 
presented arms, shouldered arms, grounded arms, for- 
ward marched, halted, right-faced, left-faced, right- 
wheeled, left-wheeled, et cetera ad infinitum, in low, 
middle, and high gear. My appreciation of the Doctor's 
labor to build and conserve health has grown with the 
passing of the years. 

Six more teachers had been added to the staff before 
the close of the school year in June, 1891. Three of these 
constituted the staff of a business department. They 
were Professor D. M. Mclver, Mrs. Alma G. Mclver, 
and Mr. W. H. Atha. Miss Ida V. Kent was employed 
to teach voice culture and piano; Miss Maude McFar- 
land, drawing and painting; and Mr. D. E. Phillips, 
normal school subjects and English during the third, or 
spring term of the first year, March to June, 1891. This 
is the same Dr. Phillips who taught in Wesleyan dur- 
ing the summer sessions of 1935 and 1936. In the mean- 
time, he had been identified many years with the Uni- 
versity of Denver and more recently with the State 
Teachers' College at Shepherdstown, West Virginia. 

All the fields of work indicated above, with the ex- 
ception of the business department, had been anticipated 
in the preparation of the prospectus issued in the sum- 
mer prior to the opening of the school. This prospectus 

Wesleyan College 55 

is so abounding in material vital to this narrative that 
we reproduce it here. 


Buckhannon, West Virginia 


Will open its Doors for Students September 3, 1890 




Psychology, Ethics and Greek 

J, F. OGDEN Normal Department and Mathematics 

FRANK B. TROTTER, A.B. Latin, German and French 

D. T. E. CASTEELE, M.D. Chemistry, Physiology and Zoology 

MISS EMMA B. TAVENNER History and Higher English 

MRS. RUTH E. HUTCHINSON, Mus.B.—Preceptress and Musical Dept. 

Voice Culture and Piano 

Painting and Drawing 

Assistant in English 

(The vacant places in the faculty will be filled as rapidly as possible.) 


The Seminary starts off with a most encouraging outlook. Buck- 
hannon is almost an ideal location, a beautiful county town, near the 
centre of the State, about 1,400 feet above sea level, free from saloons, 
well supplied with churches, and probably as free from evil influences 
as any town of the size in the State. The people are hospitable and 
intelligent, and are ready to extend a cordial welcome to our students. 

The splendid new Seminary building is the best school or college 
building in the State; beautiful, substantial, convenient, and admir- 
ably adapted to school purposes. It is of brick, 106 x 80 feet, three 
stories in height, and stands upon an eminence overlooking the river 
and town, in the midst of a most beautifully situated campus of 
forty-three acres. It is only a few minutes walk from the centre of 
the town and railroad station. The institution is to be congratulated 
on the acquirement of such a valuable property. 

Students coming via Grafton or Parkersburg will leave the B. & O. 
R. R. at Clarksburg, and reach Buckhannon by the West Virginia and 
Pittsburgh R. R. Two trains daily. 

56 West Virginia 

design and scope of the school 

The design of the Seminary is to furnish to students of both sexes 
opportunities for a thorough education under Christian influences. 
It will be the aim not simply to make scholars, but to develop char- 
acter; to promote the highest Christian culture and the truest re- 
finement of thought and conduct. 


It is the intention of the authorities to establish a full college 
course just as soon as the resources of the institution will permit. 

For the present the Seminary will not confer degrees. The courses 
of study cover four years, but may require longer or shorter time, ac- 
cording to the advancement of the student on entering. When grad- 
uated, the student will be prepared for the Freshman, Sophmore or 
Junior class of our American colleges, depending on the grade of 
the college. 

THE CLASSICAL COURSE will embrace three or four years of 
solid work in Latin, one less in Greek, with due proportion of Math- 
ematics, History and Natural Science, giving careful attention to the 
study of English. 

includes German or French, and permits the student to devote more 
attention to the Natural sciences. 

THE LITERARY COURSE: In this course Latin and Greek are 
elective. Special attention is given to History, Literature, Science 
and Modern Languages. This course is much the same as that usually 
pursued in ladies' seminaries, and with its long list of elective studies, 
must prove very attractive. Psychology, Ethics, Christian Evidences, 
etc., may be chosen as elective in the above course. 

NORMAL COURSE: Especially adapted to the wants of teachers. 
This department is in charge of Prof. J. F. Ogden, a well known and 
successful teacher of large experience. Teachers will do well to cor- 
respond with Professor Ogden concerning the work of this depart- 

The above courses in Liberal Arts will give a general idea of the 
range of studies presented. 

Students will have the privilege of electing certain studies suited 
to their individual taste or adapted to their prospective calling in 
life. It is our purpose to meet the needs of students, so that each one 
may find his proper place and do the best work of which he is capable. 

The limits of this announcement exclude further details about 
courses of study. 

THE PREPARATORY COURSE will provide for boys and girls, 
thorough instruction in the common English branches, and fit them 
for the regular courses. Primary pupils not received. 

Wesleyan College 57 

Special attention will be given to the study of the English lan- 
guage. Rhetorical exercises will be required of all students. That 
very important subject, the art of putting things, will be given an 
important place. 

MUSIC DEPARTMENT: Instruction in music will be made a 
specialty and assigned a prominent place in the curriculum. It will 
be in charge of a lady who took her degree in music at Syracuse Uni- 
versity, and who has had a number of years successful experience in 
managing this department in other institutions. Competent assistants 
will be employed as required. A thorough and systematic course will 
be carefully prepared, giving students an opportunity to lay the 
foundation of a broad musical education, and become familiar with 
some of the best works of the old masters, and also of modern com- 

Beginners and pupils in every stage of advancement will be re- 
ceived and assigned to their respective grades. A fine teacher of voice 
culture is expected to be in attendance. 

ART DEPARTMENT: We expect to be able to offer the services 
of an excellent teacher in this department. The instruction will be 
such as is usually furnished in ladies' seminaries, embracing drawing 
and painting in their several varieties, including portraiture and 
sketching from nature; also History of Fine Arts and Art criticism. 


The school is under the patronage and control of the West Virginia 
Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and will be positively 
Christian, but in no sense sectarian. Students will attend daily chapel 
exercises, and on Sabbath one of the several churches in town. The 
Bible will be accorded a prominent place in the life of the institution. 
Our purpose is to make the moral and religious life of the Seminary 
such that parents shall feel safe in sending their children to us. 

The discipline of the institution will be kind but firm. None but 
persons of good moral character will be received as students. Such 
rules as experience has proved necessary to good order will be adopted. 
Let students bring a letter from pastor or teacher certifying to their 
moral character, and stating the studies already pursued. The faculty 
will endeavor to look after the welfare of the students, aiming to 
supply as far as possible the lack of parental counsel and control. 


Tuition in regular courses, $25 per year, payable in advance. A 
trifle more is charged when paid by the term. Music and Art, extra. 
The charges in these departments will be reasonable. 

There is probably no institution of equal grade in the country 
whose charges are so low as the above. 

58 West Virginia 

Board and furnished room in town costs $2.50 to $3.00 per week 
in private families. Rooms, without board, can be obtained at a low 
price. Students can board themselves very cheap — it has been done 
for less than $1.00 per week. Arrangements are being made for club 
boarding for the young men. This will probably cost about $1.50 per 
week. The authorities of the Seminary will take a personal interest 
in securing accommodations for students in good families. Homes for 
young ladies can be furnished in advance in some of the good fam- 
ilies in town, if they will write to the President before the opening 
of the term. Some of the best families will board students. A list of 
boarding places and rooms may be seen at the office of the President. 

Let no young person who desires an education become discour- 
aged on account of poverty. Usually, when a student is in earnest, 
some way will open whereby he can remain in school. Better come 
even if you cannot see your way through. We shall do all we can to 
put students in the way of helping themselves, in order that they 
may remain in school. 


Already a good beginning for a Library has been made, and a 
reading room is being arranged — free to all the students. Maps, ap- 
paratus, etc., are being procured. Two fine rooms have been set aside 
for the use of the Literary Societies, which will be organized at once. 

Occasional lectures on educational or general themes will be de- 
livered before the school. 

It is the purpose of the Trustees to make the Seminary first-class 
in its appointments just as rapidly as possible. No inferior work is 
to be allowed. The school will furnish such advantages as shall make 
it unnecessary for our young people to go outside the State to seek 
an education. 


All necessary text books can be obtained at the Seminary. Students 
should bring with them whatever books they now have — in many cases 
they will be the same as we use. Students should, if possible, reach 
Buckhannon a day or two before the opening of the term in order 
that they may arrange for rooms and boarding. Upon arrival, they 
should leave trunks at the station and proceed to the office of the 
President in the Seminary building. There, information concerning 
rooms, boarding, &c, can be obtained. 

All students who expect to enter are requested to make their 
purpose known to the President in advance by letter. Lady students, 
especially, should do this, and also state whether they desire us to 
engage room and board for them. If they will state just when they 
will arrive, they will be met by the school authorities and shown to 
their stopping places. 

Wesleyan College 59 

Residents of town who receive roomers or boarders from the Sem- 
inary will be expected to take a personal interest in the students, and 
conscientiously guard their morals. Students will not be permitted to 
room at places not approved by the institution. 

We cordially invite studious and well disposed young people of 
both sexes to our halls, and promise them thorough and systematic 
training. Our aim will not be to hurry students through a course of 
study in a superficial manner, but to teach them to observe and 
think, to become masters of their own powers, and thus qualified for 
true living and the highest success. 

The Fall Term of ten weeks will begin September 3, at 10 a. m. 

For fuller information in regard to the institution, its manage- 
ment, courses of study, etc., write to the President stating what in- 
formation is desired. 



Buckhannon, West Virginia. 

Following the election of Dr. Hutchinson to the presi- 
dency of the Seminary, he resigned the pastorate of St. 
Paul's Methodist Episcopal Church in Providence, Rhode 
Island, and came early in July to Buckhannon. On his 
way into the state, stopping at Kingwood to meet with 
the executive committee of the Board of Trustees of the 
Seminary, he made the acquaintance while there of F. B. 
Trotter, who was at the time teaching a summer session 
of school in Kingwood. This meeting of the two men 
eventuated in the President's securing the election of 
F. B. Trotter to a place on the staff of the Seminary to 
teach Latin and Modern Languages. Professor Trotter 
remained with the school seventeen years during which 
time he had served it as teacher, vice president, acting 
president, and had witnessed its transformation from a 
seminary into a college. He resigned in 1907 to accept a 
position in West Virginia University. Never, perhaps, 
did two men live and labor together in greater harmony 
of spirit and purpose for the building of an institution. 

When President Hutchinson reached Buckhannon on 
July 9 or 10, 1890 to make preparation for the opening 
of the school in September, he found the new building 

60 West Virginia 

receiving its finishing touches on the inside. It stood 
apart on the Campus which had been fenced from the 
Leonard farm. There was no street open on any side 
and but one approach at the end of a street on the south- 
west corner (Meade street then ended at the Atkinson- 
gateway corner of the campus). Old mortar boxes and 
other rubbish from the building littered the premises. 
There were no walks. Maple trees had been planted 
along the sides of the smaller inclosure which marked 
off the one building from the larger part of the campus. 

There was no money in the treasury with which to 
furnish the empty building. No provision had been 
made for supplying equipment — not even a window 
shade or a chair — to open the school a few weeks later. 

Up to that date the Trustees had spent about $38,500 
in buying the site and erecting a building, on which 
there was a mortgage debt of $20,000 at six per cent. 
Such was the situation as the Board of Trustees and the 
West Virginia Conference, by faith, launched their new 
educational institution. 

The way had been preparing for some years. The Con- 
ference felt very keenly the need of having their own 
school within the state, and now the time had come to 
make the venture. Some young people, ready to enter, 
were awaiting the opening of the institution. 

Buckhannon was widely recognized as a good location 
for such a school. It was a glad day for the Methodism 
of West Virginia when the new institution opened its 
doors to receive students. The Church and the State 
would no longer have to lose their most promising young 
people because there was no suitable institution, under 
positive Christian influence, where they could be trained 
within the borders of their own state. 

Methodism was the most numerous denomination in 
West Virginia, and the Conference desired to establish 
a school of its own to be maintained under strictly Chris- 

Wesleyan College 61 

tian ideals. The mineral and timber resources of the 
state were being opened up, the population was increas- 
ing, capital was coming in from the outside, and all 
sentiment agreed that the hour had struck to make this 
important educational venture. For a score of years the 
Annual Conference had been taking action looking 
toward this consummation. 'The field was ripe unto har- 

The task which first confronted the President and 
the Executive Committee was to make known to the pub- 
lic the facilities to be offered to students, and to set 
about securing some furnishings for the empty building. 
Besides using local papers, the President, assisted by 
Professor Ogden, prepared and published a four-page 
prospectus, octavo size, setting forth the character of 
the proposed institution and the scope of the work to be 
done. At first the courses offered were only for second- 
ary training, corresponding to a first-class high school. 
At this time there were only a few high schools in the 
entire state of West Virginia. 

President Hutchinson was familiar with the work of 
the conference seminaries that had done so much for 
the Methodism of the nineteenth century, and he was 
shaping the school after their model. 

The problem of finding equipment for the building 
before the approaching opening date now pressed for 
solution. Dr. John W. Reger, local trustee, came to the 
rescue by advancing the money to buy four or five hun- 
dred chairs suitable for the chapel and classrooms. Some 
school desks that had been used in the Wheeling Female 
College, now closed, were donated by friends in Wheel- 
ing. A desk and carpet for the President's office were 
secured. A carpet for the chapel platform was donated 
by one of the nearby pastors. A good secondhand piano 
was purchased, some window shades ordered, and other 
absolute necessities provided. 

62 West Virginia 

the opening 

It was with high hope and with no little anxiety that 
the members of the first Faculty met in the Seminary 
on the morning of September 3, 1890, to welcome and 
enroll the incoming students. The first student to enroll 
was Mr. Roy Reger, now of Charleston, who later mar- 
ried a Seminary girl, Miss Lillie King, and whose son, 
Roy Reger, Jr., was graduated from the College in the 
class of 1936. Seventy students were enrolled for this 
term of ten weeks. 

The housing of students became at once a serious prob- 
lem. There was no dormitory for either boys or girls. 
The President and the faculty gave careful attention to 
this important problem, and under their supervision, all 
of the students found living accomodations in the homes 
of the town. There was no college community or public 
sentiment accustomed to the requirements which colleges 
and schools find it necessary to impose on the homes 
where students have rooms. At first some friction arose 
from misunderstandings on the part of families having 
students in their homes. But, in the course of two or three 
years, the people of the town adjusted themselves to the 
reasonable requests of the faculty. 

At seven o'clock in the evening the big bell in the 
tower sounded the signal for all students to be in their 
rooms. On the whole this regulation was fairly well ob- 
served. Rules which were enforced in 1890 would seem 
to be unduly strict now. Times have changed, and the 
students of the nineties were not so blase as many are 
in the nineteen-thirties. They took life seriously and 
probably would be thought unsophisticated by the pres- 
ent generation of students. But they had fine, solid 
traits of character, were studious and happy, and lived 
wholesome lives. A spirit of loyalty and cooperation pre- 
vailed between teachers and students. There was a close- 

Wesleyan College 63 

ness of touch and fellowship impossible where the student 
body is very large. The personal element figured largely 
in the work of these earlier years, and left its mark on 
the lives of the students. 

Due to the meager opportunities for secondary educa- 
tion in the state the students entering the Seminary 
were, on the whole, somewhat retarded educationally. 
An investigation of the matter would probably reveal 
that the average age of students during the first few 
years was about equal to the present average age of col- 
lege students in the corresponding curricular years. Such 
a condition made the problems of discipline lighter; for 
many of the students, having already borne serious re- 
sponsibilities themselves, willingly gave full measure of 
cooperation in the maintenance of good school discipline. 

At the outset, and until the year 1916, the school year 
was divided into three terms. During much of this time 
the length of the school year was thirty-eight weeks, and 
the terms were: fall term, ten weeks; winter and spring 
terms, each, fourteen weeks. This program was designed 
to make it possible for teachers in the public schools to 
be in attendance during both the fall and the spring 
terms. The length of the public school term at that 
time was sixteen weeks — two weeks longer than the win- 
ter term of the Seminary to which it corresponded. 

Teachers intent on entering the spring term would 
register in advance or arrange their courses by corres- 
pondence, get their textbooks for the courses, make their 
preparation on the portion of the text the class might 
cover in the first two weeks of the term, and, in many 
instances, vie for leadership in their classes with those 
not subject to the teacher's handicap. The tuition for 
the three terms was seven, ten, and ten dollars, respec- 
tively, if paid by the term; but a rate of $25 for the year 
was granted if paid at the opening of the school year. 

64 West Virginia 

An outstanding event of the first year of the school's 
history was the visit paid by the West Virginia Annual 
Conference to it on October 4. The conference, in session 
at Weston, came over in a body to see the school and to 
attend the dedicatory service held in the auditorium of 
the Seminary. Bishop Cyrus D. Foss was presiding at the 
conference and made the dedicatory address. This oc- 
casion had been in preparation for some months by co- 
operative planning between the Board of Trustees of 
the Seminary and the leaders of the Annual Conference. 
It was a fitting climax to the work of the founders. It 
also was an auspicious entrance of the new institution 
upon the work for which it was designed. The occasion 
gave wide and wholesome advertisement of the school. 
New friends were made, old ones were confirmed and 
strengthened in their support. 


Elsewhere in this history will be recorded a list of 
the names of those who have served the school as trus- 
tees. However, it seems fitting here to name those who 
served during the period when the original building was 
under construction. They were: J. C. Bardall, J. A. 
Barnes, J. A. Fullerton, L. H. Jordan, A. J. Lyda, B. 
F. Martin, S. P. McCormick, H. C. McWhorter, E. H. 
Orwen, A. M. Poundstone, J. W. Reger. A. B. Rohr- 
bough, L. L. Stewart, W. R. White, W. A. Wilson, and 
Samuel Woods. 

S. P. McCormick, of Kingwood, died before the build- 
ing was completed. The minutes of the meetings of the 
Board record his attendance at their sessions and bear 
testimony to his active interest. He, with J. C. Bardall 
and A. M. Poundstone, constituted the original build- 
ing committee, appointed April 12, 1888. 

At the session of the Annual Conference held in 
Weston, October 2-7, 1890, J. S. Withers and C. W. 

Wesleyan College 65 

Brockunier were elected to membership on the Board 
of Trustees and President B. W. Hutchinson was made 
a member ex officio. These elections raised the number 
of members of the Board from sixteen to eighteen, nine 
each of ministers and laymen. 

Dr. Hutchinson speaks as follows of the men who, 
with him, constituted the Board of Trustees : 

All of these men are worthy of mention for their faithful and 
self-sacrificing work in behalf of the institution. A number of them 
should have special mention because of conspicuous service in estab- 
lishing the school and nurturing it during the early years of its 
history. Among the laymen the Hon. Samuel Woods, L.L.D., a grad- 
uate of Allegheny College, was President of the Board until his 
death, February 17, 1897. Judge Woods was prominent in locating the 
school, in securing the site and in erecting the building. He was 
a man of business ability, and he freely gave of his counsel in the 
affairs of the school until the time of his death. 

The Hon. Benj. F. Martin, also a graduate of Allegheny College 
and a former member of Congress was treasurer of the Board until 
June, 1894, when on account of failing health he resigned. He died 
within the following school year. Mr. Martin worked harmoniously 
with the Board and was a valuable legal counselor. Both he and Judge 
Woods devoted much time and labor to the work of the Board. 

The Rev. John W. Reger, D.D., a retired member of the Annual 
Conference and a resident of Buckhannon, was very influential in 
securing the location of the school at Buckhannon, and gave freely 
of his time and efforts up to the time of his death in the latter part 
of the year 1893. 

The Rev. L. H. Jordan, District Superintendent of Buckhannon 
District, with residence at that time in Buckhannon, was another trus- 
tee who deserves mention for his untiring devotion and faithful work 
in behalf of the school. No one did more for the school at the begin- 
ning than he. He served for several years on the Executive Commit- 

Captain A. M. Poundstone of Buckhannon was a devoted friend 
and helper for many years. As member of the building committee, as 
a counselor in the Board and in many other ways he rendered inval- 
uable service. 

The name of Jno. A. Barnes of Weston belongs here. He was 
elected secretary of the Board in 1894 and served faithfully for many 
years. He was a devoted friend of the school and a wise counselor in 
the Board of Trustees. 

66 West Virginia 

Dr. Wm. R. White should be mentioned in this connection. He had 
the honor of being the first State Superintendent of Free Schools in 
West Virginia. He died within the school year 1893-94. 

Various other trustees deserve high praise for their devotion to the 
school and their sacrificial service in its behalf. When, in the years 
1891-93 we undertook the difficult task at that time, of raising twenty 
thousand dollars to pay off the bonded debt of the school, Judge Woods, 
Hon. B. F. Martin and Dr. Jno. W. Reger each contributed one thou- 
sand dollars, which were very generous gifts under the circumstances. 
Mr. Henry K. List of Wheeling, who was a member of the Board from 
1885 to 1887 when sentiment was being created for the building of 
the school, gave two thousand five hundred dollars. It was the en- 
couragement of these gifts, outstanding for that time, that enabled 
us to complete the campaign at the Annual Conference held at Graf- 
ton in September 1893. 

Of the men who constituted the Board of Trustees at 
the time of the dedication of the building in 1890, Dr. 
Hutchinson is the only survivor as this narrative is be- 
ing written. He lives in the city of Pittsburgh and con- 
tinues to manifest a deep interest in all the affairs of the 

The catalog of the first year of the school contains 
the names of 201 students. Of these, 167 were enrolled 
for the academic work. The others were in the depart- 
ments of Art, Business and Music. President Hutchin- 
son's survey of the year, appearing in the catalog, con- 
tains the following: 

The record of the first year of the institution has been a pleasant 
surprise to many of the most sanguine friends of the enterprise. The 
Seminary has, in a very short time, taken front rank both in at- 
tendance and in the character of its work as well as in the advantages 
afforded. It is no longer an open question whether the time has 
come to establish the school: the record of the first year has an- 
swered that question. The success of the institution is without a 
parallel in the history of the state. It is gratifying to note the favor 
of the public and the class of patrons the school has had during 
its first year. The public has manifested a confidence in the man- 
agement and the future of the enterprise that, from the start, has 
been most assuring. 

During the year the school was blest with a gracious revival of 
religion, and it is our hope and prayer that a similar visitation may 
occur each succeeding year. To bring about such results will be the 
constant aim of the faculty. 

Wesleyan College 67 

It is noted elsewhere in the story of the erection of the 
Dormitory, one of the achievements of President Hutch- 
inson's administration, that the enterprise waited upon 
the liquidation of a debt of $20,000 incurred in buying 
the grounds and in building and equipping the original 
building. The complete attainment of both objectives is 
there narrated. 

The residence on the campus near the oak grove was 
completed in the spring of 1892. This was erected by 
President Hucthinson, at his own expense, under an 
agreement with the Board of Trustees that when he 
severed his connection with the school the Board would 
pay him the actual cost of construction, which was just 
over $2,000. 

Aside from these two building projects and the raising 
of the debt of $20,000 mentioned above, the President 
devoted himself with much energy to the improvement of 
conditions in the school and the promotion of a spir- 
it of good will and support for it throughout the 
conference. The writer has reason to believe that the 
President's zeal in this work laid the foundation for 
some of the friendships that, cultivated later in other 
administrations, culminated in generous gifts to the 

The trend toward more advanced work in the sem- 
inary than purely secondary was early felt and given 
favorable reaction. In 1892 an extra year, designed to 
cover most if not all of the freshman year in colleges of 
the time, was added. Year by year the number electing 
to remain to pursue the more advanced courses increased. 
Hopes were strengthened that, ere long, the Seminary 
could be transformed into a college. 

The later years of President Hutchinson's administra- 
tion, outside of the enterprises already mentioned, were 
given to fostering and directing the development of the 
work of the Seminary along the lines implied in the 

68 West Virginia 

splendid organization he had given it. In his notes, pre- 
pared at the writer's request, he reveals his anxiety of 
those years to see the Seminary advanced to college 
status. He discloses that his resignation may have been 
in a measure influenced by the fact that the larger ma- 
terial resources necessary for the organization of a col- 
lege were not a matter of promise for early realization. 

During the years of Dr. Hutchinson's administration 
there were no operating deficits that were not cleaned up 
within the summer period following the years in which 
they were incurred. It follows that there was no accum- 
ulating debt. A thing still more astonishing is the fact 
that in addition to all his other responsibilities, he kept 
an itemized account of all receipts and expenditures dur- 
ing the period of his presidency. 

That much of success is contingent on a good start, is 
expressed in the adage "A thing well begun is half done." 
Many aspects of this College, and of other colleges, are 
subject to frequent or occasional changes. In this way 
they keep measurably in adjustment with their ever 
changing environments. But there is an essential char- 
acter of an institution that changes so slowly, if at all, 
that to the passing generations it imparts the impres- 
sion of great permanence. It is on this essential character 
that such things as traditions hang. The writer fancies 
that in some mysterious way this essential character is 
a product of the patient, the painstaking, the prayerful 
labors of the founders and early administrators. Their 
sacrificial labors have turned to character of gold. In 
this category the writer sees such personalities as Martin, 
Reger, Woods, Poundstone, Barnes, Hutchinson, and 

When Dr. Hutchinson resigned and left at mid-year, 
February, 1898, to take up his duties as president of 
Genesee Wesleyan Seminary at Lima, New York, it de- 
volved upon Dr. F. B. Trotter to carry the responsibili- 

Wesleyan College 69 

ties of the presidency until the following summer, when 
the Board of Trustees filled the vacancy. 

Dr. Trotter had been a member of the teaching staff 
from the beginning. He had also been next to the presi- 
dent in authority after the death of Professor J. F. Og- 
den in the summer of 1892. His quiet composure under 
responsibilities inspired confidence both in him and in 
the things for which he stood. So far as we remember, 
he did not undertake to form and inaugurate new policies 
during that brief half-year period. Perhaps the school 
did not need any. It had been in competent hands and 
his counsel had been freely sought and fully appreciated 
in determining its policies. Under Dr. Trotter's guid- 
ance, the year's work was carried successfully through 
its second half, as it had been begun in the first. 

Dr. Trotter returned quietly to the routine of his 
classroom and his office work, essentially that of dean, 
to which he had been trained by experience for more 
than five years. In this capacity he remained with the 
school until June, 1907, when he resigned to take a po- 
sition in West Virginia University. There, successively, 
as teacher, dean, president, and again as teacher, he has 
served efficiently, giving to the University its longest ad- 
ministration, fourteen years, and, in the judgment of 
this alumnus, its greatest period of material expansion. 
The foregoing statement, not strictly Wesleyan history, 
is included to show the caliber of the man who, next to 
President Hutchinson, had most to do in giving char- 
acter to this school in the early period of its history. 

Administration of President S. L. Boyers 

THE administration of President Simon L. Boyers 
was of "few days and full of trouble." Nothing that 
we shall say here should be interpreted as reflecting upon 
either his motives or his integrity. He was a man of fine 
Christian ideals, and his purposes, in the large, were all 
good. The educational opportunities he had enjoyed indi- 
cate a broad enough culture to meet the needs of the re- 
sponsibilities to which he was introduced when he accept- 
ed the presidency here. Perhaps a professional psychoan- 
alyst, if there had been one then, could have revealed to 
us just what it was he lacked that was indispensable to 
his success here. 

In the spring of the year 1899 the President had almost 
the entire front part of the campus, the part which we 
now keep clipped with the lawnmower, planted in pota- 
toes, in part, and the rest of the area sown in oats. This 
agricultural enterprise covered the terrain to a line about 
continuous with the front of the Gymnasium. The trees 
were very small then, except the oaks of the oak grove, 
and the only buildings on the ground at that time were 
the Seminary, the Dormitory, and the Residence. The 
goal to be attained by farming the campus is not a mat- 
ter of record. Perhaps the potatoes, if any, could be uti- 
lized in the dormitory, and perhaps, the asinine proclivi- 
ties of some of the unpolished representatives from the 
hills among the student body had suggested to him that 
they could take care of the oats. They did. 

Wesleyan College 71 

After threading their way for months through the 
growing potatoes and oats to attend classes, it would 
have been no less than a miracle if the active brain of 
some farmer boy had not guided his hand in the use of 
a scythe on the eve of his departure at the end of the 
school year. In the darkness these lads seemed unable 
to distinguish the line demarcating the boundary be- 
tween oats and potatoes. One such young man, whose 
alibi for that night was not established beyond a doubt, 
was subjected to rather stern discipline by the President. 
Another, who today, is a competent and respected mem- 
ber of the staff of one of the teachers' colleges of the 
state, will tell you privately that he got rid of the temp- 
tation to swing the scythe on that occasion only by the 
time honored method of yielding to it. 

The students could not reconcile these agricultural 
proclivities and their pursuit on the campus with their 
own preconceived notions of an institution of higher 
learning. They could not be made to take the situation 

There is no more signal promise of failure in a leader 
than an unwillingness to make generous use of the ex- 
perience and skill of his lieutenants in the things they 
can do well. If this unwillingness is born of fear that 
he will not be thought competent unless he attends to 
all the details that come under his very general authority, 
then it is evidence of an inferiority complex that is nearly 
one hundred per cent fatal. The fact that there was an 
aide at hand, skilled in managing students and meeting 
their problems, should have given the President freedom 
for the larger responsibilities of his office, but he ar- 
rogated to himself these functions in the performance of 
which he had only indifferent skill. 

Among the ineptitudes of this administration the cli- 
max came early in the second school year when one of 
the students was seriously wounded by a pistol shot while 

72 West Virginia 

he was supposedly indulging in a Halloween prank. This 
instantly struck through the Board of Trustees an atti- 
tude of tensest interest in the affair. Reports that the 
President had authorized night watchmen to carry guns 
and to shoot to protect the property of the school against 
pranksters, caused the Board to assemble to make an in- 
vestigation. Much of what transpired in this investiga- 
tion is a matter of record in the book of minutes of the 
Board of Trustees. One gathers from the record that 
there had been large lack of discretion on the part of 
the responsible head in the planning and the (near) 
execution by his agents. 

These events served only to intensify the bitterness of 
the President toward the man who would have saved 
him from all this embarrassment if only he had been per- 
mitted to do so. The President tendered a spirited resig- 
nation on the eve of the following commencement when 
the Board of Trustees would not be persuaded to share 
his attitude. 

The turmoil of this brief administration did not ap- 
pear to affect adversely the attendance at the school. The 
total enrollment increased with fair regularity from the 
beginning in 1890 until about the time of the organiza- 
tion of the College in the first decade of this century. 
The decline at that time in the attendance at the Sem- 
inary, in which mostly secondary work was done, was 
and is thought to have been in response to the program 
of high-school building in the state, begun about the 
same time. It was such a circumstance that made it seem 
opportune to effect the organization of the college. 

President Boyers rendered many years of useful serv- 
ice in other fields after the two years spent in the work 
here. He died October 1, 1937. 


Administration of President John Wier 

« A IM HIGH." "Hitch your wagon to a star." "Do 
Jl\> large things." "Magnify your office so others will 
see it as large as it really is." These are epigrams one can 
easily imagine as underlying the "philosophy" of life of 
the third president of the West Virginia Conference Sem- 

He was chosen in the summer of the year 1900 and 
entered upon the duties of his office soon after his elec- 
tion. Using the size of the graduating classes as our cri- 
terion for judging the ebb and flow of public interest in 
the school, we note that, beginning with the first class 
in 1891 and continuing to the last Seminary Class in 
1908, these run as follows: 5, 6, 16, 11, 12, 17, 31, 24, 
22, 38, 28, 40, 44, 47, 42, 44, 38, and 31. 

Let us make a few observations on this method of 
judging. It can have little application to the first two 
classes, because only those who had entered with ad- 
vanced standing on credits earned elsewhere could grad- 
uate in these classes. From the nature of the case these 
classes were necessarily small. With the average age 
somewhat higher then than now for students doing the 
corresponding years of work, many of them completed 
the Seminary course in three years. The numbers changed 
in response to changes in the organization and adminis- 
tration of the work of the public schools of the state, and 
to changes in the required preparation of teachers. 

74 West Virginia 

The total attendance figures for the years, correspond- 
ing to the graduating classes given above, are: 201, 245, 
255, 253, 307, 340, 343, 360, 386, 388, 488, 507, 526, 442, 
429, 407, 421, and 373. Some of these totals include the 
registration of a summer session and some do not. These 
figures are just as difficult to analyze as the others un- 
less one takes into account the changes that were taking 
place in the public school system and in the requirements 
for the preparation of teachers. The school has always 
had in attendance a considerable number of teachers 
either experienced or in the making. The increase of a 
hundred in 1901 over 1900 is, no doubt, due in part to the 
fact that the students of the summer term were included 
in the summary for 1901. There is no such item in the 
summary for the year 1900. The corresponding figures 
show a decrease of ten in the size of the graduating class 
of 1901 from that of 1900. 

There was an increasing number of the graduates of 
the Seminary that continued in attendance, doing ad- 
vanced work after their graduations. This fact contribut- 
ed strength to the thought that it was to be the destiny 
of the school to become an institution of collegiate grade. 
This trend was felt as early as about 1892 or 1893. It 
gained force with the passing of the years. The new 
President was just the man to give acceleration to the 
idea. We soon had a score or more of students remaining 
after graduation to pursue their studies. 

The President portrayed the future of the institution in 
such gorgeous colors that when we had looked on the pic- 
ture the name of "college" seemed far too modest for 
the great school it was going to become. Before we 
emerged from the spell of his contagious enthusiasm, 
our little plant, consisting of the modest Seminary Build- 
ing, the more modest Music Hall, and the Dormitory 
minus the addition of 1929, had been burdened with the 
name "The Wesleyan University of West Virginia." The 

Wesleyan College 75 

President was a man who envisioned things in the large. 
Indeed, his visions were so large that one who had gotten 
his impressions through the President's portrayals some- 
times failed to recognize the reality when he saw it. He 
seemed not to know that adjectives and adverbs had posi- 
tive and comparative degrees. He used only the super- 

Most likely, it was a president having personal qual- 
ities much like those of President Wier who made the 
occasion for the conundrum, "Why is a college president 
like a college campus?" The answer to this is found in 
the pun, "Both lie about the college." College presidents 
are not liars any more than college deans, whom I would 
defend to the last ditch against such a charge. They de- 
velop a magnanimous generosity in their appraisal of 
both the tangible and the intangible assets of their re- 
spective institutions. Study that and see if you can find 
anything either wicked or criminal in it. 

The catalogs published in the years 1904, 1905, and 
1906, advertise the school as The Wesleyan University 
of West Virginia, except that in 1906 the catalog was 
published in two issues, June and December, and the 
later issue bears the name "West Virginia Wesleyan Col- 
lege." Of record in the minutes of the Board of Trustees 
for June 5, 1906 is found this entry: "It was ordered by 
unanimous vote that the name of this school 'The Wes- 
leyan University of West Virginia' be and is hereby 
changed to 'West Virginia Wesleyan College.' " 

Since the commencement of 1906 occurred two days 
after the order changing the name, the first college class, 
that of 1905, was the only one made orphan by this act of 
the Board. This class was adopted in effect if not for- 
mally by its new parent. 

For such a time as the fire that destroyed the Sem- 
inary, President Wier's personal qualities admirably fit- 
ted him for the promulgation of the idea that it was a 

76 West Virginia 

blessing in disguise. We were working in crowded quar- 
ters. The school had grown too large for the modest 
building in which it was housed. Instead of being an 
unqualified misfortune, the fire became an opportunity 
for the friends of education under the auspices of the 
Church to prove their zeal by the loyalty of their sup- 
port under the existing circumstances. The erection of 
the new building is narrated elsewhere in this book. 

It is likely that about this time President Wier began 
to feel that he had made his contribution to the school 
in the service of the past six years and that he would 
welcome an opportunity to serve elsewhere. He remained 
one more year, tendering his resignation, May 30, 1907, 
to take effect at the end of the following September. 

Administration of President Carl Gregg Doney 

PRESIDENT DONEY'S administration running 
through eight years is exceeded only by President 
McCuskey's now under way in its ninth. Other adminis- 
trations approaching these in length are: President 
Hutchinson's, seven and one-half years; President Wier's, 
seven; and President Fleming's, seven. 

The election of Dr. Doney to the high office of Presi- 
dent of West Virginia Wesleyan College occurred on 
July 12, 1907. This marked an important turning-point 
in his career. During the preceding fourteen years he 
had served as pastor of churches in Ohio and Washing- 
ton, D. C. He left the pastorate of Hamline Church in 
Washington to accept this presidency. During the next 
twenty-seven years, until the time of his retirement in 
1934, he contributed his service to the molding of the 
destinies of this College and, in turn, of Willamette 

The physical assets of the college were advanced dur- 
ing his incumbency by the addition of both the Gym- 
nasium and the Haymond Science Hall. Concrete walks, 
leading four ways from College Hall to College Avenue 
and Meade Street, replaced gravel walks, and a concrete 
walk, connecting with the new buildings mentioned 
above, was constructed. The fences on the college grounds 
along College Avenue and along Meade Street from its 
intersection with College Avenue to the driveway enter- 

78 West Virginia 

ing the campus, once needed to prevent domestic animals 
from wandering upon the campus, were removed. The 
Harmer Gateway and the Atkinson Gateway were con- 
structed to improve the appearance of these approaches. 
In addition to the things enumerated, several minor but 
important internal alterations in the buildings were 
made to improve the service. 

While the material additions and improvements made 
during this administration were outstanding for the 
time, President Doney's service for the school is in 
reality more noteworthy for the things he did to improve 
its educational program. At the end of the first year of 
his presidency the course of study given in the Seminary, 
but continued after the organization of the College, was 
eliminated. To replace it, the Academy was organized, 
not to make a bid for students of secondary school grade, 
but to minister to the needs of worthy students who had 
been deprived of high school advantages and yet wished 
to get ready to enter the College. As was expected, the 
attendance in the Academy diminished from year to 
year. Fourteen years later the Academy, no longer a 
necessity, was discontinued. 

It is fitting that we should say a word here about the 
able support given to President Doney during the first 
two years of his administration by Dean W. A. Hag- 
gerty. He was, by the way, the first dean of the College. 
Dr. Trotter had exercised the functions of a dean, but 
with the title of vice-president. At the end of President 
Wier's administration the Board of Trustees created the 
office of dean and named Dr. Haggerty to fill it. 

The minds of both the President and the Dean had 
been enriched for the organizational work they were 
called to do by wide educational contacts. The former 
was conversant with conditions at Ohio State, Ohio Wes- 
leyan, Dennison, and Harvard Universities; the latter, 
at Ohio Wesleyan, Boston, and Harvard Universities. 

Wesleyan College 79 

The college work was given an organization that was up 
to date at the time. The many, mostly minor, changes 
made since, in that and succeeding administrations, have 
been designed to preserve its up-to-dateness. 

As the successor to Dr. Haggerty in the deanship in 
the year 1909, the writer's tribute to him is that essen- 
tially every educational policy inaugurated by the Dean 
was considered sound, and an honest effort was made to 
preserve it. It is no secret among those here at that time, 
that the Dean had his difficulties putting his program 
across to the students. His successor believed that the 
difficulties were largely matters of approach and tried 
to use a different diplomacy in reaching his objectives. 
A despotic king beheaded his interpreters who dared 
to tell him his dream meant he would "see all his kin- 
dred die"; but he honored and rewarded the one who 
told him his dream was a token of the favor of the gods 
and that it meant he would "outlive all his kin." The 
students in those days were the despotic rulers. 

At the opening of the school year, 1909-10, the class- 
room time periods were standardized at one hour. Pre- 
viously, dating from the first organization of the work 
in the year 1890, the length of a class session had been 
forty-five minutes except, possibly, in some of the sum- 
mer sessions. 

It is interesting to note the other alterations and some- 
times the confusion and the added detail implied in such 
a simple thing as a change in the length of class sessions. 
Colleges operating on the three-term yearly basis had, 
very generally, the one-hour class session, and required 
180 term hours for graduation. The mathematical equiv- 
alent with sessions forty-five minutes was 240 term hours. 
This had been the quantitative requirement in Wesleyan 
College. In cases of students who did any part of their 
college work before this change was made and any part 
after it was made, the earlier credits had to be reduced 

80 West Virginia 

numerically by one-fourth. It was simple in theory, but 
interruptions in the regularity of a student's college at- 
tendance, the consequent delay in his graduation, and 
other uses made of college credentials, continue even yet 
to compel occasional attention to this change in the or- 
ganization of the college work. 

The later change, which will be noted in speaking of 
the next administration, from the school year of three 
terms to the year consisting of two semesters, was not 
less thoroughgoing. But the difficulties attendant upon 
its application were less. This change necessitated a cor- 
responding change in the form of the record which one 
could not easily overlook. 

In June, 1908, President Doney asked for an appraisal 
of the College's assets in grounds, buildings, and equip- 
ment. The committee of the Board of Trustees appointed 
to this work reported as follows: 

Grounds (43 acres) $65,000.00 

College Hall 80,000.00 

Music Hall 6,000.00 

Dormitory 20,000.00 

Heating Plant 10,000.00 

President's House 2,500.00 

Total $183,500.00 

There was some endowment and possibly other items 
which increased the total assets to something like $250,- 
000. A story runs to the effect that the President made 
use of this valuation in trying to interest a certain phil- 
anthropic foundation in the College. On the receipt of 
his appeal the foundation is said to have found in its 
files earlier correspondence in which President Wier, 
with a stroke of his pen and with his characteristic gen- 
erous-mindedness, had named the assets of the school 
as around a million dollars. The foundation discovered 


Top: (left) Henrv C. McWhorter, 1897-1913, (right) Clyde O. Law, 
1933- ; Center: (left) Samuel V. Woods, 1926-1928, (right) Samuel 
Woods, 1887-1897; Bottom: (left) John Raine, 1928-1933, (right) 
Charles W. Lynch, 1913-1926 

Wesleyan College 81 

the discrepancy and naturally wished to know the cause 
of so great a depreciation in values. 

In the year 1915, at the end of President Doney's ad- 
ministration, the auditing committee made a somewhat 
more comprehensive report which may be summarized 
in integral thousands as follows: 

Buildings, Grounds, and Equipments .$27 1,000.00 

Current Expense and Debt Pledges 50,000.00 

Endowment: Bonds, stocks, notes, 
pledges, cash, and real estate 123,000.00 

Total $444,000.00 

Liabilities: Bonded Debt, Notes, and 

Accounts payable 69,000.00 


LIABILITIES $37 5 ,000. 00 

President Doney, at the commencement season of 1913, 
asked of the Board of Trustees leave of absence for one 
year, which time he wished to spend traveling and study- 
ing, mainly in Europe. He continued with the work of 
the College until after the session of the Annual Con- 
ference the following autumn. He then took his leave, 
and, accompanied by his family, traveled and remained 
abroad until the month of August, 1914. The Board des- 
ignated the writer of these annals to administer the 
work of the College in the absence of the President. 

The Board of Trustees passed an order in June, 1914, 
authorizing the President of the College to organize the 
instructional work of the College on the semester basis; 
but this order appears not to have been put into effect 
before the following administration. 

Likewise, in June, 1915, the Board created the Depart- 
i tent of Bible and Philosophy. This was organized and 
inaugurated by the incoming administration. 

82 West Virginia 

With characteristic efficiency President Doney re- 
sumed the responsibilities of the presidency after his re- 
turn from Europe in the late summer or early autumn 
of 1914. His last year on the campus was not marked by 
any one outstanding accomplishment for which alone it 
should be known and remembered. Certain minor im- 
provements of the buildings and grounds were made. 
In unnumbered ways the growth of the College in size, 
character, and wholesome traditions was the object of 
his fostering care. Fittingly, the last college class to re- 
ceive diplomas of graduation from his hand was larger 
by nearly fifty per cent (20 vs. 14) than any former 
college class graduated. A period of numerical expan- 
sion had begun which, aside from temporary interrup- 
tions due to specific causes, has not yet ended. 

One of the good things with which this administra- 
tion should be credited, but which was overlooked in its 
chronological order, was the introduction of the print- 
ing press to facilitate college administration and to se- 
cure economy. The press has been used to print small 
bulletins, announcements, programs, stationery, et cetera. 
The President had some knowledge of printing presses 
and how to use them. This qualified him to supervise the 
use of the press. He generally could contact a young 
printer who wished to go to college, but who must earn 
a considerable part of his college expense. Printer and 
College were mutually beneficial. 

Far away, in the winter and spring of 1914-15, another 
institution was pressing a quiet search for a president. 
Perhaps it was fortuitous and perhaps it was not, that 
anj official representative of that institution dropped into 
Buckhannon, unobserved but observing. After conferring 
with the President he went away. Then the President, 
after observing the respectful formalities of severing 
his connection with this College, went away to add nine- 

Wesleyan College 83 

teen more years of successful administrative service to 
the record of eight established here. Busy, but in quiet 
retirement from his administrative labors, at his home 
in Columbus, he reads, writes, and enjoys the friend- 
ships he has made through the years. 

one that got away 

President Doney's resignation having been tendered 
some weeks before the commencement season, the Board 
of Trustees had made use of the time to make a survey 
of prospects through a committee appointed to make a 
recommendation for the presidency. The Board com- 
pleted its business, incident to the closing of the school 
year on June 14, and set the time, 9:00 a. m., June 15, 
to receive the report of the special committee on the 

The Board's choice was Dr. Frank McDaniel who 
was at the time Headmaster of Pennington Seminary 
at Pennington, New Jersey. The president-elect jour- 
neyed to Buckhannon to look the field over. He con- 
veyed the impression of being on easy social relations 
with presidents and senators of the United States, and 
offered some suggestions for internal rearrangements 
and improvements of the presidential residence on the 
campus to make it suitable for entertaining his friends 
whose acquaintance with the school might prove a strong 
asset. He asked for a little further time for deliberation 
before giving his answer to the Board that had elected 
him, and went away to think it over or to employ the 
bartering value of the proposition where he remained 
six years longer. We thought we had caught a whale. 
Perhaps we had, but with a pin-hook or a stale line or 
an unproven rod or a defective reel. 

The writer had gone to the state of Michigan for a 
period of relaxation. After about three days he received 

84 West Virginia 

a message from a member of the Executive Committee 
conveying the information that the president-elect had 
declined, and asking him to return at once to look after 
the interests of the College. 


Administration of President 
Wallace Bruce Fleming 1915-1922 

WITH a suggestion of the spirit of the good woman 
who heard her pastor speak so often in laudatory 
terms of the city of Boston, and prayed that in case her 
life had not been pure enough for entrance into the New 
Jerusalem she might be permitted to dwell forever in 
Boston; our Board of Trustees may seem to have re- 
solved on at least trying to get a man from New Jersey. 
President-elect McDaniel's telegram declining the 
presidency bears the date of June 29, 1915. On receiving 
the message President C. W. Lynch of the Board of 
Trustees immediately took action looking toward filling 
the vacancy at an early date. A committee was appointed 
to make further recommendation to the Board. Dr. H. 
D. Clark was the secretary and made the reports of the 
committee on presidency at the meeting on June 15 and 
again at the next meeting on August 12, 1915. Whether 
the other members of the committee were the same in 
both cases does not seem to be disclosed in the record. 

The committee report mentioned only one man — Dr. 
Wallace B. Fleming of Drew Theological Seminary, 
Madison, New Jersey. One other nomination was made 
from the floor. The session was a brief one. It con- 
vened at 3 :00 p. m., and all business having been trans- 
acted, including the election of President Fleming, the 
Board adjourned at 5:10 p. m. The singleness of mind 
and purpose that characterized the meeting for the 

86 West Virginia 

election of a president appears now like an augury of 
the harmonious cooperation, without noteworthy excep- 
tion, of the various agencies — students, faculty, trustees, 
and public — that contributed to the further growth and 
prosperity of the College during this administration. 

Reference has already been made to two uncompleted 
items carried over from the former administration. One 
of these, the organization of the department of Bible and 
Philosophy, was put into effect in the school year 1915- 
1916. The other, the organization of the work of the Col- 
lege on the semester basis, was completed and the plan in 
force during the year 1916-1917. 

The growth in attendance and in the size of graduat- 
ing classes continued without serious interruption except 
for the two years most affected by the entry of our coun- 
try into the World War. The numbers of graduates for 
the seven classes of this administration, 1916-1922, are 
25, 37, 26, 28, 44, 39, and 46. The largest college class 
previously graduated had twenty members. 

The records of the session of the Board of Trustees 
for June, 1916, mention the equipment for a department 
of Domestic Science. Mrs. A. J. Clark, Mrs. Nancy Hay- 
mond, Mrs. Sarah C. Laing, Miss Hettie List, Mrs. 
Frank Maxwell, and Mrs. William Post are named in 
the minutes as providing the funds for the purchase of 
the equipment. The course of study in this new depart- 
ment was first published in the catalog announcements 
for the college year 1917-1918. The continuing vigorous 
condition of the work in this field attests the wisdom of 
organizing it. 

The foregoing paragraphs should convey, among other 
things, the idea that vitality, not dormant, but active 
and growing, continued to characterize the College as 
it passed from one administration to the next. 

Wesleyan College 87 

We are now venturing the judgment that, while the 
educational aspects of the College were not neglected, 
the promotion of its material interests is the accomplish- 
ment of this administration for which it is and will be 
most favorably remembered. 

At the end of the first year of his administration Pres- 
ident Fleming greeted the Board of Trustees with a fully 
developed plan of campaign to add to the resources of 
the College, within the next two years, the sum of five 
hundred thousand dollars. His own quiet faith in his 
proposition enlisted the interest and cooperation of the 
members of the Board of Trustees. Their response must 
have inspired in him even greater assurance, for the two- 
year period was somehow shortened to one. 

The work of the financial campaign was pursued with 
energy throughout the next twelve months. The coop- 
eration of a finance agency of the church was enlisted 
in the cause. Money and pledges strengthened the hope 
of success. On the morning of the last day of the cam- 
paign, June 6, 1917, a bulletin in the corridor of College 
Hall announced the total sum of money and pledges as 
$448,000. At 10:00 a. m. accessions had increased the 
total to $458,000. At noon it was $461,000, and by early 
evening the total of $469,000 had been reached. Then, 
in a mass meeting of the citizens of the town, held in the 
courthouse, the remaining $31,000 was pledged. 

The Board of Trustees assembled in College Hall at 
11:15 p. m. and waited while a committee of their mem- 
bers, appointed to canvass the results of the campaign, 
completed their work and made the following report : 

We, your committee appointed to canvass the returns of the endow- 
ment campaign, beg leave to report that we have checked the pledges 
and subscriptions, and that the result of the campaign to raise a half- 
million dollars on or before the sixth day of June, 1917 at midnight, 
for this College is, that the full sum of five-hundred-thousand dollars 

88 West Virginia 

($500,000) was received in cash and legally valid pledges on or before 
June 6, 1917, at midnight. 

John Raine 
S. K. Akbuthnot 
P. J. Berry 
C. D. Howard 
W. W. Hughes 

June 6, 1917, 11:25 p. m. 

It is possible that the College did not benefit from this 
successful campaign in as full a measure as it would 
have under normal conditions. Our country had just re- 
cently entered the World War. Speculation in busi- 
ness was rife. Fortunes were made or lost overnight. As 
a result of it all, the shrinkage in the payment of pledges, 
a measure of which is always expected, may have been 
greater than anticipated. But, in spite of any shrinkage, 
the successful campaign was a quickening force in the 
life of the College, energizing and stimulating every 
phase of college activity. 

The Student Army Training Corps as an incident in 
this administration is mentioned elsewhere in connection 
with the story of the two buildings, Gymnasium and 
Music Hall, employed as barracks and hospital for the 
corps. Conditions were not ideal for doing the best of col- 
lege work among the men of the corps, but so far as we 
could judge they were greatly benefited for the realm of 
military service by the training they received. Without 
this organization of nearly two hundred students, the at- 
tendance at the College would have been greatly reduced 
with a corresponding reduction in the College's income 
from tuition. It was financially a critical period in the 
life of the College and the support given us by the Gov- 
ernment in return for the service rendered to the young 
men in training for military service saved us from incur- 
ring deficits demoralizing in their magnitude. 

Wesleyan College 89 

The duration of this enterprise was about two months, 
beginning about October 1 and ending about December 1. 
The Armistice of November 11 took some of the spirit 
out of the organization, but under military discipline the 
morale was respectable to the time when the corps was 
disbanded and the young men were discharged from the 

The war safely over, the President sought another 
financial proposition to engage his interest and the in- 
terest of the Board of Trustees and other friends of the 
College. The General Education Board of New York 
agreed to grant to the College the sum of $125,000 on 
condition that an additional sum of $375,000 be raised 
by the friends of the school. The plan, as the writer re- 
calls it, permitted us to draw upon the General Board 
from time to time for one-third as much as we had ac- 
tually collected since the last previous draft. They gave 
to us in proportion as we made our collections and cer- 
tified the amounts to them. With the betting odds three 
to one against us, we made slow headway. The Board 
was kind, and, for reasons that appeared good, granted 
us extensions of the time over a period of nearly ten years. 
In this way the major part of the offer was secured. 
Chief among the reasons for the extensions of the time 
were the interruptions due to the frequent changes in 
administrations in the College between 1919 and 1929. 

Under the leadership of Judge Samuel Woods the 
Board of Trustees in the year 1888 had organized them- 
selves into a corporation to facilitate the transaction of 
the legal and official business of the West Virginia Con- 
ference Seminary. In the year 1919, for reasons not en- 
tirely clear to the writer, but which he accepts as sound 
and good because of his confidence in the judgments of 
the men who recommended it, the Board deemed it wise 
to go through a kindred formality again. 

90 West Virginia 

Their reasons, so far as stated, are embraced in the 
following paragraph based upon a discussion in the 
Board, of a report made by a committee appointed to 
study the problem, and consisting of W. W. Hughes, 
Samuel V. Woods, and U. G. Young: 

Whereas in the opinion of this Board, after a full discussion of the 
matter, the property of this College can be handled with greater se- 
curity and its business transacted with greater facility by incorporat- 
ing the same, and whereas, Chapter 37 of the Acts of the regular ses- 
sion of the Legislature of 1919 provided convenient means not only 
for the incorporation of such institutions as this, but means by which 
the West Virginia Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church may 
through the appointment of trustees maintain control of and direct 
the policy of this College. . . . 

Anyone interested in greater detail on this subject than 
the broad purpose stated above will find it a matter of 
record in the opening pages of the current book of min- 
utes of the sessions of the Board of Trustees. The work 
of incorporating the College was completed and made a 
matter of record at the June, 1920 session of the Board. 

The one building enterprise of major interest consum- 
mated in this administration was the extension and en- 
largement of the gymnasium room for drills, exercises, 
and games. The rear wall was removed and rebuilt on a 
line about double its original distance from the main 
entrance into the room. Coincidentally, the lateral walls, 
floor, and roof were extended and integrated with the 
new rear wall. It should be obvious to the reader that the 
alteration here described, practically doubled the floor 
space of the room. 

The fact that the construction of the two parts of the 
room was separated by about eight years does not obtrude 
itself upon your attention. This is the evidence that the 
new construction was well done. This construction was 
begun in the summer of 1920 and was completed in the 
autumn or early winter following. 

Wesleyan College 91 

When a tree has added to its substance a new annual 
growth, it gives opportunity for the new wood to become 
conditioned, hardened, and united with the old before 
making another advance. The wise caretaker is not 
alarmed when growth waits upon these indurating pro- 
cesses. He has given it a fertile soil for its growth; he 
now protects it against disease and injury. These things 
bespeak the rhythm, universal in nature. 

A college president, when he has completed a cam- 
paign for endowment funds, or made other expansion of 
the material assets of his college, then measurably 
changes his occupation to one of quiet supervision and 
protection while the implements, forces, and energies that 
he has created become integrated into the life of the col- 
lege. The writer wonders whether it is not at such a time 
as this, that the challenge of the more open road and of 
the more exciting scenes comes to him with peculiar force ; 
and lo, he is gone to another field of labor. 

President Fleming severed his connection with this Col- 
lege by resigning in the summer of 1922 and accepting 
a call to the presidency of Baker University, where he 
served fifteen years. But the tang that is distinctive of the 
people, mountains, forests, and air of West Virginia had 
gotten into his blood. 

You have noticed, perhaps, that occasionally the writer 
nibbles a bit of this narrative for himself, and perhaps 
you will excuse this in him on the ground that, though 
identified forty years with the Seminary and the Col- 
lege, he is not going to burden these pages with his per- 
sonality except where it seems necessary to hold the nar- 
rative together. 

The suddenness with which the vacancy occurred in 
the year 1922, found the Board of 'Trustees unprepared 
to fill it, and they asked the writer to become acting head 
of the College until they could look the field over care- 
fully before making a choice. 

92 West Virginia 

During the year, emphasis was placed upon coordi- 
nating the efforts of both faculty and students and di- 
recting them toward high standards of scholarship and 
morale. An unusually large College Class (56) was grad- 
uated at the end of the year, for which the writer should 
receive no special credit as leader, since its size was 
largely determined by the size of the freshman class four 
years earlier. 


Administration of President 
E. Guy Cutshall 1923-1925 

TWO YEARS constitute a rather short period for a 
college administration. That is the only reason why 
the story of this administration will be short. The writer 
is now on trial. Will he be fair and just toward the lead- 
ing character in this administration, or will he abuse his 
office as historian and say unkind things because of for- 
mer official and personal relations that were unpleas- 
ant? History is more than a collection of facts, it in- 
cludes causes and results, trends and forces. The historian 
must pass judgment; but he prostitutes the trust com- 
mitted to him if he is an unjust judge. Let the reader 

President Cutshall's election occurred April 26, 1923. 
Rarely has there been a greater degree of unanimity in 
the Board of Trustees than on the occasion of his elec- 
tion, when, with five nominations before them, his elec- 
tion, requiring a two-thirds majority, occurred on the 
second ballot. 

In President Cutshall's report, made to the Board of 
Trustees at the end of his administration, is found the 
following introductory statement: 

With your indulgence I shall give a condensed report of our two 
years of stewardship, mentioning in a cursory way what would seem 
to be the leading points of interest and importance. 

Omitting comments and illustrations not essential to 
clearness of statement of "the leading points," we quote 
freely from this report : 

94 West Virginia 

There has been a general strengthening of the tone of the College. 

In securing new members for the staff of the College our policy has 
been to obtain the services of balanced, well-trained, experienced men 
and women . . . mature in moral and social ideals, and Christian in 
spirit and practice. 

Through the work of the Curriculum Committee and the Faculty 
in general there has been an honest effort to keep the curriculum up 
to date with the range of subjects adequate and subjects themselves 
in proper harmony with the best standards elsewhere. 

The Department of Biblical Literature is stronger than that of the 
average college. Psychology has been made a required subject for grad- 
uation. Four hours of physical education is required of every student 
graduating with the A.B. or B.S. degree. For work done in the Depart- 
ment of Fine Arts toward credit on the A.B. degree, the option was 
extended from six hours to twelve as was also the option on work done 
in Expression. Six hours of mathematics is required of all students 
taking a major in chemistry or physics. Twenty-four hours of foreign 
language will be required for college graduation, eighteen semester 
hours of this requirement may be satisfied by offering three or more 
high school units of foreign language. Not less than two years of 
work in any foreign language will be accepted for entrance, or counted 
in the College toward graduation. 

In addition to the excerpts given above, condensed 
statements based upon the President's report are given 
below by your historian as other evidences of progress 
and growth of the College during this administration 

Professors Wallin, Raw, Deck, and Bos are specifi- 
cally named and commended for efficient work in their 
respective fields; Professor Hyma, for the introduction 
of intramural sports; and Messrs. Stoffel, Teets, and 
Miller, for efficiency in college finance, publicity, and 
directorship of athletics, respectively. 

The Normal School work has been improved by trans- 
ferring some of its subjects to other departments. 

Courses have been given for the first time for the train- 
ing of coaches. 

The quality and variety of the food in Agnes Howard 
Hall have been improved. 

Improvements have been made in the following build- 

Wesleyan College 95 

ings: College Hall, Gymnasium, Agnes Howard Hall, 
and Haymond Science Hall. 

Collections have been made in excess of $15,000 on 
the Half-Million Fund, in excess of $125,000 on the 
Victory Fund, and approximately $19,000 on the deficit 
drive. A pro-rata check for $49,000 was received from the 
General Education Board. 

The annual cost to the College of the Normal School 
training work was reduced by $2,900 without impairing 
the service. 

Economy in the cost of deputation work was effected 
by getting students to do it gratis. 

Twelve new scholarships were established in the two- 
year period. 

Gifts of various kinds, to the sum of $48,000 were re- 
ceived by the College. 

Marked improvement was made in the athletic pro- 
gram and performance. 

In the material above we have tried to make an im- 
partial statement of President Cutshall's own claims for 
his administration. We shall not question the validity of 
any of them. We shall make but one observation, namely: 
That, granting all these claims, he still possessed un- 
fortunate personal qualities that are incompatible with 
continued success or long tenure in any position of 


Transition to Next Administration 

WHEN President Cutshall's resignation became ef- 
fective about the end of June, 1925, the writer was 
once more called to the acting presidency to serve, pend- 
ing the election of a successor or at the pleasure of the 
Board. In this instance Dr. Chrisman became acting 
dean, leaving the acting President more freedom to con- 
sider some constructive problems of administration. Of 
those undertaken the one we consider the most outstand- 
ing was the effort to secure recognition for the College 
by the North Central Association of Colleges and Sec- 
ondary Schools. In the pursuit of this purpose the handi- 
caps of the College were discovered and the cooperation 
of the Board of Trustees was enlisted for their removal. 
At this stage the negotiations became the responsibility 
of the succeeding administration. 

Another departure, not without interest, is that College 
fraternities in Wesleyan began officially at that time. 
From the standpoint of the interim administration their 
beginning was a mere formality. I n the last session of the 
Board of Trustees in President Cutshall's administra- 
tion the Board had removed the ban on these organiza- 
tions and had indicated the procedure to be followed in 
their formation. The interim administration was merely 
carrying out what amounted, practically, to instructions 
from the Board of Trustees. 

A novel recommendation for this College, made by the 
acting President, was one fixing a limitation on the size 
of the entering freshman class. This recommendation 


Dr. John W. Regek 

Wesleyan College 97 

had the reputation of having worked well elsewhere, but 
so far as we are aware, did not receive the slightest con- 
sideration here. In words and figures it was as follows: 

After carefully considering the matter, I am of the opinion that to 
advertise a limit of, say 175 members of the freshman class for the 
present would have a wholesome psychological effect on prospective 
students, would stimulate interest in the College, and would contri- 
bute greatly toward the solution of the attendance problem. 

I consider 175 the maximum number we can take care of under 
present conditions. The limit could be raised as improved facilities and 
conditions should warrant. 

In taking leave of this, his final period of service in 
the capacity of acting President, the writer records his 
deep appreciation of, and his sense of gratitude for, the 
fine cooperation and support of the members of the staff 
who shared with him the responsibilities of the time. 

We note, in passing, that on December 29, 1925, the 
Board of Trustees offered the presidency of the College 
to William Warren Sweet, who was at that time profes- 
sor of History in DePauw University. Without any bond 
of sentiment impelling him toward this College and with 
abundant promise of a distinguished career in his chosen 
field, it is not surprising that he declined to accept the 
post with its attendant responsibilities. 


Administration of President Homer Ethan Wark 


IN its session of June 8, 1926, the Board of Trustees 
chose Dr. H. E. Wark for the presidency of the Col- 
lege. At the time of his election he was professor of His- 
tory of Religion in Boston University. Dr. Wark as- 
sumed the responsibilities of his office soon after his 
election, while the summer school was in session and 
while the plans were in the making for the following 
year's work. 

The first meeting of the Board of Trustees in his ad- 
ministration occurred on December 15, 1926. Among the 
important features of President Wark's report to the 
Board on that occasion are surveys of the financial con- 
dition of the College and the spiritual life and welfare of 
the students. He also introduced the unfinished matter 
of our relation to the North Central Association of Col- 
leges and asked that the scope of the Board's former ac- 
tion relating thereto be clarified. This being done, the 
President, in the year 1927, presented anew the applica- 
tion of the College for admission. Favorable action was 
taken on the application and the College was admitted to 
the much-coveted membership in the Association. The 
College continued in this membership for a period of 
five years and was dropped early in the succeeding ad- 
ministration, 1932. 

The story of our relation to the subject of membership 
in the Association is interesting and important history. 

Wesleyan College 99 

There is a popular impression that standardizing agen- 
cies are, among colleges, what country clubs, lodges, lun- 
cheon clubs, et cetera are to individual men. That is, they 
are recreational ; they are fraternal ; they are social ; or 
they merely supply the opportunity for their associated 
members to "strut their stuff." This popular impression 
is all wrong. 

Standardizing agencies among educational institutions 
render services closely analogous to the service rendered 
in the commercial world by Dun and Bradstreet. The 
number of colleges needed to serve the people of this vast 
country is very great. A college official cannot spend his 
time finding out from original sources the exact status 
of every one of them. A question is to be adjudicated. The 
working efficiency of a college, perhaps a thousand miles 
away, is involved in the answer. The official takes from 
a shelf a report compiled by the standardizing agency of 
that region. He has at once the benefit of the agency's 
studies. Infallible? No. But the best criterion we have, 
and a very good working guide. 

The writer, as stated elsewhere, prepared the first ap- 
plication for the admission of this College into a stand- 
ardizing agency. He refuses to die, or at least to recog- 
nize his death as valid, before he has seen our lost mem- 
bership restored. 

In giving the historical data on this subject we are on 
ground where every step must be sure. There were those 
who charged that blame was placed at one point to coun- 
ceal responsibility that lay at another. 

President R. M. Hughes, who made the first inspec- 
tion of the College in the year 1926, wrote as follows in 
his report to the College : 

Serious exception was taken to the athletic situation, and the col- 
lege was turned down on that ground, and, I believe, on that ground 
only. I strongly recommend that you take up this matter very care- 
fully, and if this one matter is straightened out and cleared up in a 

100 West Virginia 

satisfactory way. I feel that there is no question but what West Vir- 
ginia Wesleyan will be accredited one year hence. 

At this point the interim administration bequeathed 
the negotiations with the problems involved to the incom- 
ing administration. The College was accredited the fol- 
lowing year, in line with the prediction of President 
Hughes. But we wonder whether there was a mutual un- 
derstanding between the College and the Standardizing 
Agency with respect to the set-up that replaced free dor- 
mitory and free board for athletes. As explained to the 
writer, who no longer bore any responsible relation to the 
matter, it was a board organized to handle loans made to 
students, presumably open to all worthy students needing 
financial aid. It derived its funds from any sources will- 
ing to contribute, but chiefly from appropriations made 
from the receipts from athletic events. 

When the treasurer of the College explained the loan 
plan to the writer, he replied, in substance: "If in prac- 
tice it is shown that about the same per cent of athletes, 
as of other students, are beneficiaries of this fund, and 
that those, who borrow, really regard it as a loan, pay- 
ing interest and principal according to stipulated condi- 
tions, it should not make any trouble for us." The writer 
on making several inquiries in subsequent years did not 
learn of a single instance in which an athletic beneficiary 
restored to the fund that which, by courtesy, was called 
a loan. 

The condition described above had continued approx- 
imately five years when a new administration was in- 
augurated. To the writer it would seem normal for the 
new President, without previous experience with the prob- 
lems of college administration, to assume that a condi- 
tion, which had existed for a period of years, was gener- 
ally known and acceptable. 

In the meantime, troubles of another character had 
developed. Securities depreciated as the economic depres- 

Wesleyan College 101 

sion waxed sore. Income from endowment declined. Re- 
trenchments had to be made. Salaries had to be reduced. 
Expenditures had to be cut to the bone. These things were 
done to save the College from bankruptcy pending the 
return of better times. 

Perhaps it is the irony of fate that an administration, 
clean as a hound's tooth and struggling against a head- 
ache of economic ills as noted above, must be chastened 
for delinquencies among which the one inherited from 
the past and assumed to belong to an acceptable status 
quo, seems to the writer the most serious. When one falls 
into a well, every brick in the wall contributes a bruise, 
on the way down, and it is likely to be his misfortune to 
hit bottom before he can return. 

We have tried, in the narrative above, to present in 
brief compass all the essential facts for a clear under- 
standing of the matter under consideration, having rea- 
sons to believe that it is a matter of very great concern to 
the constituency of the College. An appraisal of the ex- 
isting situation suggests that three aspects of the College 
are of outstanding importance in winning our way to 
recognition. These are : ( 1 ) satisfactory faculty stand- 
ards, (2) acceptable athletic organization and adminis- 
tration, and (3) financial support sufficient in amount 
and equitably distributed to the various needs of the 

Under point one, a sound college program in keep- 
ing with existing conditions is implied. In so far as the 
writer's information goes, the College will safely bear 
inspection today on points one and two. With respect to 
item three, the College must wait for general economic 
recovery, or for the success of a college financial cam- 
paign now under way. While the patient is under the 
knife for appendicitis it may be good economy to have 
tonsils and gallstones also removed. After this digres- 
sion we return to the administration under consideration. 

102 West Virginia 

For the year 1927-28, President Wark's reports and 
the minutes of the Board of Trustees, besides compre- 
hending the routine and usual items of business for the 
college session, include a plan for a financial campaign 
and the approval of a proposition to purchase the Forman 
property located on the south corner of Central Avenue 
and Florida Street. 

The financial campaign was a joint effort between 
Wesleyan College and the Wesley Foundation of West 
Virginia University. The goal set for the campaign was 
$500,000. 'The net receipts from the campaign were to be 
apportioned, eighty per cent for Wesleyan College, and 
twenty per cent for Wesley Foundation. 

President Wark, in his report on the results of the cam- 
paign, stated that the subscriptions fell far below what 
was asked and expected. But the claim is made of $200,- 
000.00 added to the assets of the College, included in 
which was the sum of $44,000 added to the endowment. 

The property purchased on Florida Street, and men- 
tioned above, was to be used for a Freshman Boys' Dor- 
mitory. It was used as designed for a few years and then, 
for practical reasons, its use as a dormitory was discon- 
tinued. Used briefly next as a boarding hall and room- 
ing place for students, it then became a fraternity house. 
The property still belongs to the College. 

An item of special significance in the President's re- 
port, bearing date of June 4, 1928, was his recommenda- 
tion that an extension be added to the Agnes Howard 
Hall. Approval was given by the Board of Trustees for 
this building enterprise. The construction work was 
pushed with energy to completion in January, 1929. It 
was used during the second half of the college year 

Structurally and architecturally, the old and the new 
parts of the Dormitory harmonize on superficial exam- 
ination. On the interior it is easy to discern that in ma- 

Wesleyan College 103 

terial and workmanship the new is quite superior to the 
old. Other material and information on this building as 
a whole will be found among the articles on the history 
of the buildings. 

Under the title of "The Gains of Recent Years" in 
President Wark's report of January, 1930, we find the 
following survey of his administration to date: 

For the want of time I cannot adequately review the work of the 
College since my connection with it, but will indicate briefly the gains 
that have been made. First, as indicated above, our football settlement 
of three years ago has proved a wise one, and is to be included among 
our successes. Our membership in the North Central Association was 
secured and has been maintained. This membership has definite value 
now, and will have increasing value as the years go by. During this 
period we have acquired the Boys' Dormitory and rebuilt Agnes How- 
ard Hall, and have made many improvements on campus, buildings 
and laboratories. We have raised and paid about $93,000 on endow- 
ment, and raised and paid more than $67,000 on current indebtedness. 
. . . Our greatest gains have been on the faculty, and in the better or- 
ganization of our work, and the better academic standards now in 
force. Along with this, I believe we can claim a much higher morale 
in the student body. Taken together these facts indicate a modest but 
solid measure of achievement. These advances are genuine, though in 
no way spectacular. They represent milestones in our history. It need 
hardly be said that these successes have only been possible because 
of the service of our predecessors, and the loyal support of this Board 
and the faculty and the many friends of the College. 

Another achievement of this administration that 
should be noted here was the installation of the fine pipe 
organ in the auditorium. This was purchased with funds 
given by the late Judge George Wesley Atkinson who 
served as a trustee of the school from 1897 to 1925. The 
installation was authorized by the Board, June 2, 1930, 
and was effected soon thereafter. The auditorium has 
been dedicated as a memorial to Judge Atkinson, and is 
known as Atkinson Chapel. 

In April, 1931, the Association of University Women 
approved the College for recognition. "This gave to the 
(women) graduates of Wesleyan College all of the pri- 
vileges accorded to university women." 

104 West Virginia 

President Wark tendered his resignation to the Board 
of Trustees, July 7, 1930. The Board did not accept his 
resignation and urged him to continue in the presidency. 
He remained during the following school year and re- 
signed June, 1931. 

With the first tender of his resignation he offered sig- 
nificant reasons for wishing to be released, which we 
quote : 

There are a number of reasons why I am taking this step. Chief 
among them is my dislike for so much business responsibility, and the 
necessity of engaging to so large an extent in purely financial mat- 
ters. The finances of the College are a constant occasion for anxiety, 
and take the major part of my time and energies. The necessity of 
continually raising money, and not being able to engage in the real 
affairs of the College has become very trying to me. In addition I am 
intensely interested in preaching and pastoral work, and would like 
to engage in it again. 

The writer believes that the heart of the man is re- 
vealed in the foregoing statement of reasons for his res- 
ignation. Since neither nature nor training had awak- 
ened in him any liking for financial administration and 
business pursuits, he could not be altogether happy in this 
kind of work and, not being altogether happy in his 
work, he could not be fully efficient in it. The sane 
recognition of one's own limitations is not a universal 
human trait. Evidence of it wins our respect. 

The material aspect of the work will continue to be of 
prevailing importance among small colleges without 
financial assets adequate to make them independent. 
Most of them are not able to employ trained business ad- 
ministrators ; they come higher than presidents. The man 
who handles the securities of one strongly endowed uni- 
versity is said to receive for his services double the salary 
paid its president. Such versatility as twin predilections 
covering the administration of both the fiscal and the 
curricular aspects of college interests is rare. Most pres- 
idents would be wise to identify themselves with the one 

Wesleyan College 105 

or the other aspect and lean upon trained and responsi- 
ble lieutenants in the alternate field. Put strong empha- 
sis upon "trained and responsible." It will cost a little 
more, but it will pay in the end. In the writer's nearly 
forty years in this institution his observation has been 
that the average employee sent out under the title "finan- 
cial agent" has not been worth his salt. That statement 
is quite impersonal. It is open to any of them still living 
to put himself in the class above average. 

The writer endorses the modest appraisal of this ad- 
ministration's accomplishments made by the President, 
himself, and given already in this article. His fair-mind- 
edness in sharing with predecessors, trustees, faculty, and 
friends of the College, credit for the accomplish- 
ments of his administration is both characteristic and 


Administration of President Roy McCuskey 


WHEN the Trustees of the College turned their at- 
tention to the duty of electing a successor to Pres- 
ident Wark they manifested a purpose to depart from 
what amounted to something like a precedent in electing 
to the presidency men from outside the state of West 
Virginia. Only one native son had been chosen in this 
capacity. He was a member of another conference at the 
time of his election and for some years had been a citi- 
zen of another state. 

The committee named to make recommendations for 
the presidency made the following preliminary report to 
the Board on June 1, 1931 : 

The Committee is unanimous in the belief that, at this time, the 
best interest of the College will be promoted by the election of a min- 
ister who is a member of the West Virginia Annual Conference. 

The name of no person was mentioned or considered by the Com- 
mittee for the place, but it is the purpose of the Committee to have 
another meeting this afternoon at one-thirty o'clock. Anyone wishing 
to suggest a name can do so by handing it to any member of the 

On hearing the foregoing report the Board requested 
the Committee to submit the name or names of a nominee 
or nominees to the Board at the afternoon meeting. In 
the afternoon session the Committee presented but one 
name, that of Dr. Roy McCuskey. He was elected by a 
unanimous vote of the Board. The Committee making 
the recommendation consisted of: Harvey W. Harmer, 

Wesleyan College 107 

Chairman, W. T. Williamson, Clyde O. Law, Claude 
E. Goodwin, and Denver C. Pickens. 

To make an appraisal of this administration one must 
take into account the general economic conditions pre- 
vailing at the time it began: conditions which, with 
slight alterations, have continued to the present time. The 
stock-market nosedive of 1929 shocked us into a sudden 
awareness that the industrial world was collapsing all 
about us. In the nearly two years that had intervened fol- 
lowing the collapse, the effects of the industrial depres- 
sion, like a devastating blight, had been penetrating, 
deeper and deeper, into the vitals of every human enter- 

No one knew when the end of the depressed industrial 
condition would come. Many, perhaps most, expected it 
to be quite temporary. Instead of reducing the volume 
of industrial output and curtailing expense, they chose, 
for the time being, to take temporary losses and continue 
operations and operating expenses at existing levels. Hu- 
man hope and optimism played against time. They lost. 
Down to defeat with them went the economic well-being 
of ten thousands enterprises, and the hopes of material 
betterment of ten million men. 

President McCuskey came into his responsibilities just 
about the time it was becoming baldly apparent that dras- 
tic measures for retrenchment to save the College from 
bankruptcy were inevitable. Salary schedules had already 
been approved for the year of 1931-32 before his election, 
hence the cut in salaries did not occur before the end of 
that year. The salary cuts were issued in two install- 
ments, 1932 and 1933, and amounted in the aggregate 
to forty per cent of their former level. These cuts applied 
uniformly to faculty salaries, irrespective of size. Since 
that time, and effective beginning in 1936, three per cent 
of the 1931 level was restored. 

108 West Virginia 

The stock-market collapse referred to above affected 
the securities of the College. The decline in the value of 
these securities was a measure of the decline in the Col- 
lege's income from them. On the whole their value has 
improved somewhat within the last few years. But se- 
curity values are very delicately sensitive to fluctuating 
economic conditions, and any appraisal of them before 
stable economic conditions arrive is somewhat like a 
snapshot taken of lightning. 

At the present time the administration is engaged in 
a financial campaign both to rehabilitate and to expand 
the material assets of the College. The goal aimed at is 
one million dollars. A portion of this amount is to be 
used to build a library, fireproof and up to date in plan 
and equipment. Another portion is to be used to finance 
improvements deemed to be needed now in the buildings 
and on the grounds, also to add any new equipment 
needed in the College. A third portion, and perhaps the 
largest of all, is to be added to the productive endow- 
ment, bringing it up to the million level. The success of 
this enterprise should give new and lively acceleration 
to the growth and usefulness of the College. 

The writer unwittingly, in the preceding paragraph, 
drifted into the future. However, the future is only prog- 
nostic history. He envisions the struggles for material 
and functional expansion as constituting the growing 
pains of a healthy young institution on its way. 

This administration is too near for proper perspective. 
Some of the handicaps under which it labored at the out- 
set have been indicated. Its outstanding problem has been, 
and continues to be, the matter of financial support for 
an aggressive college program. This is a problem born 
of the time in which we live. The rugged individualistic 
depression under which it began has been complicated 
by the arrival of the new-deal recovery. 

Wesleyan College 109 

Of the remedies open to choice for these ills, the re- 
sponsible leadership has prescribed a regimen of Cale- 
donian prudence in the use of material resources. That 
the course chosen is, in the long run, the safest and the 
best, is scarcely open to question. This view is supported 
also by the evidence that this administrative policy is not 
parsimony. It is, in a larger program, a temporary phase 
to meet an emergency. The larger program contemplates 
adequate support for every department and every aspect 
of college activity. We predict that in the future it will 
be said of the present administration that it was charac- 
terized by a wise adaptation to the exigencies of its time. 


The Faculty 

A STUDY of faculty tenure reveals some interesting 
facts, and a trend that, to the writer, seems most 
wholesome, and, to the College's leaders and friends, 
must seem most encouraging. The trend is distinctly in 
the direction of greater permanence in the teaching staff. 

A survey of all those employed on the staff since the 
organization of the school in 1890 discloses the names 
of but twenty-five persons who have served in a teaching 
capacity ten years or longer, counting to the end of the 
current school year. This list includes the names of two 

Only seven of the twenty-five persons whose names 
appear in this list left the school to accept employment 
elsewhere. One was retired from the service of the Col- 
lege, having reached the age limit. One died while in 
the service of the College. Sixteen of the twenty-five are 
on the present staff, and have periods of service ranging 
from ten years to thirty-eight. 

Of the seven who left after ten or more years of teach- 
ing to accept employment elsewhere, the periods of serv- 
ice in this school were, in the order of length, seventeen 
years, sixteen, fourteen, twelve, eleven, and ten. 

The writer has taken such precautions as he finds at 
hand to prevent error in giving the length of service of 
those members of the faculty whose names will soon be 
presented, and whose contribution to the school in serv- 
ice will be briefly evaluated. He, however, recognizes the 
possibility of slight error in a very few cases. When de- 

Wesleyan College 111 

cisions to make changes have not been reached and suc- 
cessors named before the publication of the annual cata- 
log, and, more especially, when such vacancies remain 
to be filled after the record of the June meeting of the 
Board of Trustees is made up, the exercise of diligent 
care is needed to avoid errors in reporting the beginning 
and the end of a period of service. 





The valuable service rendered by Dr. F. B. Trotter in 
the early years of the school has already been presented 
at some length in the story of the administrations. Em- 
phasis there was placed chiefly upon the administrative 
aspect of his service. He was equally efficient as a 
teacher. Under conditions as they were at that time, he 
was held in esteem by both faculty and students as the 
perfect teacher. The multiplicity of things known collec- 
tively today as "activities" had not begun to assume a 
place of importance in school life. 

Students then had no higher purpose in going to col- 
lege than to get their lessons from day to day, in the 
belief that this was preparing them for some field of 
useful or profitable service. It was a rare occasion when 
a student either absented himself from the Doctor's 
classes, without unavoidable reason, or reported to class 
without having done his best to master the assignment. 
The student who trusted to luck in class to get safely by 
some point of weakness in his preparation generally came 
to grief. This happened so often that it gave rise to the 
impression that the Doctor could tell by looking at a 
student just what he had failed to get in the day's as- 

112 West Virginia 

He has been a master in the matter of adaptation to 
his environment. It can be taken for granted, therefore, 
that in the day when "activities" became such a dominat- 
ing influence in student life, he found the perfect answer 
to the place and the function of the classroom in the 
modern college world. 

Dr. Trotter was a member of Wesleyan staff seven- 
teen years, from 1890 to 1907. 


Latin and Mathematics 


Beginning as a student in the early years of the school, 
Jessie Trotter became a member of the teaching staff in 
1896 and continued until 1912 — sixteen years. She gave 
certain courses in Latin and in Mathematics. Her work 
was characterized by a thoroughness strongly akin to 
that of her brother. Perhaps it was much the same, the 
chief difference deriving from the feminine atmosphere 
of classroom administration instead of the masculine. 

Strong men today who pursued courses in her class- 
room speak of her work with appreciation and of her 
tutelage with respect. 


Geology and Geography 


The writer of this narrative began in the year 1896, 
and is among those with periods of service of more than 
ten years. He has been in the work continuously since, 
with the exceptions of two years, 1899-1901, when he 
was continuing his studies; and three years, 1905-1908, 
when he was administering the state school located at 
Keyser, West Virginia. 

Wesleyan College 113 


Mathematics and Surveying 


In the year 1897 Professor Mills was employed to 
teach Mathematics and Surveying. He continued on the 
teaching staff of the school eleven years. Prior to his 
coming to Wesleyan, he had for some years been asso- 
ciated with the Reverend U. S. Fleming in a joint 
leadership for the administration of the work of the West 
Virginia Normal and Classical Academy, commonly 
called the "Academy." The Academy was housed in the 
building that is now the College Avenue grade building 
and whose grounds embraced nearly all the area in that 
vicinity now used by the graded school and the high 

It was about that time that the work of the Academy 
was discontinued and following its discontinuance, Pro- 
fessor Mills became identified with the Wesleyan Sem- 
inary with which he continued through the first five 
years of its life as a college, until 1908. 

To casual observation Professor Mills seemed to, per- 
haps did, carry his head a little to one side. In his picture 
which appears in the Murmurmontis of 1904 in a straight 
front view, his right eye appears nearly its vertical di- 
mension higher than the left, and the top of his right 
ear, nearly one-third the vertical dimension of the ear 
higher than the left. He was about of average height and 
a little inclined to stoutness. During the writer's ac- 
quaintance with him he wore spectacles, also a beard 
which he kept neatly trimmed. His face was kindly. Pro- 
fessor Mills had a keen sense of humor, but he was not, 
himself, a humorist. 

Professor Mills's personality carried a fine dignity 
which he never laid aside. He had, however, a rare com- 
bination of personal qualities which regularly won for 

114 West Virginia 

him his way into close and sympathetic fellowship with 
his students. The students familiarly and affectionately 
spoke of him as "Daddy," a title that, in later years, 
they transferred to the next in this series. 

In 1908, Professor Mills left Wesleyan College to 
accept a place on the staff of his Alma Mater, Otterbein 
College. There he died several years later. 


German and French 


Dr. Deck was identified with the school from 1901 to 
1932, except for the four-year period, 1911-1915, when 
he was teaching in the John Marshall High School in 
Richmond, Virginia. The actual number of years of his 
teaching in Wesleyan was twenty-seven. 

His was, perhaps, the most versatile mind among all 
that have served the school. Several factors probably en- 
tered into the making of his remarkable versatility. 
Among these were: thorough scholarship, a good mem- 
ory, and training in a wide variety of subjects. The last 
of these was, in a measure, due to a change in his ob- 
jective late in his college career. 

Dr. Deck's position on the faculty was originally that 
of teacher of Modern Languages and Greek. However, 
a student happening to mention in Dr. Deck's presence 
his difficulty with a problem in Trigonometry, related 
to the writer that the Doctor offered his service and with 
no hesitation proceeded with him through the solution. At 
one time it devolved upon him to teach the class in Gen- 
eral Chemistry over a considerable period of time. This 
he did quite successfully. 

As the years passed, Dr. Deck matured into humanly 
perfect adjustment with his college environment. The 
students liked him greatly and applied to him the title, 

Wesleyan College 115 

"Daddy," which had previously been used to betoken 
the same kindly feeling for Professor Mills. 

In his classroom Dr. Deck would stimulate a sluggish- 
minded student by pounding upon his desk with clenched 
hand and roaring at him in almost thunderous tones. 
This, in time, became commonplace with each new class 
as they learned to take it as mostly sound and fury. A 
more serious episode would grow out of what some of 
his students thought was his habit of choosing some one 
of them as a sort of scapegoat for the class. The scape- 
goat was generally a blunderer, or one whose mental re- 
actions were a bit slow, or, most unfortunate of all, some 
timid boy or girl whose mental processes were promptly 
frozen into inaction by any question asked him in the 
presence of the class. The scapegoat was used, presum- 
ably, to strike through the class a proper mental atti- 
tude toward their classroom responsibilities for the day. 

Behind the little idiosyncrasies narrated above, the 
students saw the great-souled, kindhearted man and 
loved him. His retirement from active service in 1932 
was an occasion of serious reflection among his many 
former students and his associates in the work of the 


Dean of Women 

Assistant Professor of Latin 


The records are not clear as to the exact date of either 
the beginning or the end of the period of service of the 
Dean of Women, Grace M. Wyman. The writer has 
tentatively accepted the dates 1906 and 1916. The longest 
other administration as dean of women does not at pres- 
ent exceed seven years. It follows, therefore, that, grant- 
ing an error of a year against the tenure indicated, Dean 

116 West Virginia 

Wyman's administration has the distinction of being 
the longest to date. 

Dean Wyman brought to the service of the College a 
personality enriched with fine New England culture. 
Cultures differ much as the climates in which they de- 
velop. They are warm, with poinsettias and mocking- 
birds and myrtles and palms and the brightness of the 
southern sun; or they are quiet, with the spruces and 
birches and aspens and holly and mayflowers, that, even 
in spring and summer, flavor the atmosphere with a 
foretaste of Indian Summer and Thanksgiving and 
Christmas; or they are cold, with the low midnight sun 
and the crackling frost and the reindeer and the eternal 

When exposed to each other these cultures have a 
time rate of diffusion, depending upon their previous 
remoteness; and in the end their alloyed product should 
consist of the best of each. Perhaps there is no finer 
tribute to the character of Dean Wyman's work than the 
facts, that she weathered the diffusion period of New 
England and semi-southern cultures, and, that, in a suc- 
cession of a dozen administrations of the deanship of 
women, she still holds the endurance record. 

Dean Wyman's relation to Wesleyan College was also 
that of Assistant Professor of Latin during at least a 
part of her administration. She was recognized as a 
capable and successful teacher. 


Latin and Greek 


The subject of this sketch pursued his collegiate and 
graduate studies in Ohio Wesleyan and Cornell Uni- 
versities, respectively. Professor Helwig was a man of 
but few words beyond the minimum requirement. He 

Wesleyan College 117 

knew Greek and Latin and was a good teacher. At the 
time he became identified with Wesleyan College the 
ancient languages had already begun to decline in pop- 
ularity as college subjects. He served well those who 
were interested in his subjects; but his temperament was 
not of the type to popularize his work or even to oppose 
its decline in popularity. Professor Helwig was for- 
tunate in having another field in which he was much 
interested. When interest in Latin and Greek was no 
longer thought to warrant maintaining the department, 
he was given work in the field of Economics. His work 
in this field met with favor and when he resigned from 
his position in Wesleyan College a little later it was to 
accept a place on the staff of another college to teach 

While Professor Helwig was a man of few words, 
it is remembered that those few words were always well 
chosen and to the point. 




Professor White was trained in Vanderbilt University 
and in the University of Indiana. He was a fine teacher 
in the field of Mathematics. When that is said, about 
all is said ; for the writer, in common with many others, 
was impressed with the idea that he had but one resource 
— Mathematics. 

No one ever questioned his ability or his integrity 
as a teacher. In the long hard struggle to establish the 
work of the College on an unquestioned collegiate level, 
one of the barriers to be eliminated was the attitude en- 
tertained by many students that the matter of grades, 
good and bad, was merely a matter of whether the teach- 
er liked or disliked the student. The writer was in a po- 

118 West Virginia 

sition to get the students' reactions. A hundred students 
have said to him, "The teacher didn't like me, and he had 
it in for me." Professor White reported his share of fail- 
ures, yet the writer never heard one of his students chal- 
lenge the justice of the grade the Professor had given 

This silly alibi for failure in other courses was ab- 
surd, but just what it was in Professor White's person- 
ality or his handling of students that gave him immuni- 
ty to this charge, the writer never discovered. 


The subject of this sketch was the first librarian, sal- 
aried and giving full time to that work. Previously, the 
plan with respect to the library had been that the Presi- 
dent named some member of the teaching staff to have 
general supervision of the use of the library, with the 
title of librarian. Then one or more upper-class students, 
needing some financial help, would be named as assist- 
ants. The librarian, counseling with the assistants and 
having due regard for their classroom appointments, 
made out a schedule of the daily class periods during 
which the assistants would be present to render library 
service. Under these conditions the library and reading 
room were taken care of in a single classroom. The two 
parts were separated by a partition of light construction, 
with a door controlling the entrance to the book room. 
This arrangement made it possible for the students to 
frequent the reading room at other times during the day 
as well as when library service was being rendered. 

President Doney believed that the use of the library 
should be accorded a larger place in the life of the Col- 
lege and to this end he proceeded to get official approval 

Wesleyan College 119 

of his plan which included the employment of a full-time 
librarian. To finance the salary of a trained librarian at 
the time, was out of the question. As the next best course 
to pursue, he proposed to employ a discreet, intelligent, 
local woman giving promise of being able to master the 
problems of administering a small library. Looking 
about for such a person he interviewed Cecelia Alex- 
ander, among those under consideration for the work, 
and employed her. 

With improved library service and a more abundant 
use of the facilities of the library, it began to expand. 
As librarian, Cecelia Alexander was, without experience, 
charged with the responsibility of mastering the intricate 
problems of a library that had no background either of 
systematic organization or professional administration. 
When all of these facts are taken into consideration, one 
marvels at her success in doing the work so well. Within 
the past year President Doney was recalling to the writer 
the incidents associated with the improvement of the li- 
brary facilities. Among the satisfying features of the 
reminiscence was the thought that he had secured the 
services of such a responsible and capable librarian. 

For the newer generation that did not know Cecelia 
Alexander, we record here that her life was snuffed out 
in an automobile accident in the summer of 1928. 


Fine Arts 

The head of the department of Fine Arts is, more 
truly than any person already discussed in these sketches, 
a product of Wesleyan College. She has this distinction 
by reason of having earned two degrees, A. B. and M. A., 

120 West Virginia 

from this College. What is more, she met some of her 
college-entrance requirements in the Seminary, the fore- 
runner of the College. Aside from the accomplishments 
enumerated, her professional studies have been pursued 
under the tutelage of professional artists elsewhere. 

Art was at one time regarded as the province of the 
elect in that realm — those having a native predilection 
for the use of the crayon or the brush. Moreover, it was 
believed that election in the realm of art was a rare 
and inexplicable event like the occurrence of a sport or 
an albino in the realm of biology. The gift of artistic 
skill might be bestowed upon one in a million or in a 
hundred thousand. Whatever the ratio, those fortunate 
ones born with the gift were the ones to pursue the study 
of art. 

In our day we are beginning to analyze art into such 
elements as drawing, perspective, shading, and coloring; 
and to recognize that every educated person stands to 
need more or less of one or more of these elements. 

The analogy with the need of one's native language 
is good. One needs language for the simplest business 
transaction, to communicate with an absent friend, to 
write an advertisement, a short story, a scientific trea- 
tise, or a Nobel prize-winning work of literary fiction. 
Not one in a million will ever attain to the last named 
goal, but this does not make his need any less real for 
language in some of the other capacities named. 

How often have some of us as teachers, who were "born 
thirty years too soon," regretted our lack of the ability 
to illustrate some very simple idea on the blackboard 
before a class? 

We congratulate Leta Snodgrass on the good work 
she is doing; and we hope yet to see the day when at least 
a modicum of art will be considered a necessary part of 
everyone's education. 

Wesleyan College 121 


Voice and Piano 


In the year 1918, Professor Frank E. Muzzy came to 
Wesleyan College to give instruction in vocal music. 
This was the end of one era in that work and the begin- 
ning of another; but we did not recognize this fact at 
the time. Only once previously had an instructor con- 
tinued long enough in this work to give to it real char- 
acter. This had in a large measure been lost over a per- 
iod of ten years during which time the work had been 
served by a number of itinerants who had passed on, in 
some instances on their own initiative, and, in some, on 
the initiative of the College. 

Contact with Professor Muzzy 's work has often sug- 
gested the parable of the builders. He exemplifies the 
type standing for a substantial foundation under a 
good superstructure. One can easily imagine him advis- 
ing the student that wanted to have his course of study 
reduced to a few lessons: "That depends, Sir, on what 
you wish to become. In nature it takes a long time to 
make an oak tree, but only a few weeks to make a 
squash." It has been the writer's observation over a num- 
ber of years that those students who have gone farthest 
in his work are the ones that appreciate him most. 


English Literature 


There were five heads of the Department of English 
Literature in the first sixteen years of the College. In 
the subsequent twenty years, there has been one. At the 
end of the first sixteen years the department had grown 
but little in strength and prestige. At the end of the sub- 

122 West Virginia 

sequent twenty-year period the department is strong and 
commands the respect of all educational agencies within 
the scope of the school's influence. Some of the first five 
heads of the department were well-trained and capable 
teachers ; but for one or another reason they did not con- 
tinue in the work long enough to develop it in strength 
and prestige. 

The field of English Literature in Wesleyan College 
today exemplifies the possibilities of a department di- 
rected by a man of competent leadership and scholarly 
ability, who was given time to elaborate a rational pro- 

Doctor Chrisman is a teacher whose ability has wide 
recognition. His scholarship is of the productive type. 
The following publications are the product of his genius 
and industry : John Ruskin, Preacher, and Other Essays; 
The English of the P id fit; The Message of the Amer- 
ican Put fit; Ten-Minute Sermons; and, with Dr. Leon 
C. Prince, co-editor of, Selections from Lincoln. 




When, at the opening of school in the autumn of 1919, 
the College needed a teacher of Chemistry, President 
Fleming, having the address of one possibility for the 
position, said to the writer, "Well, we'll take a chance 
on him, I guess, and send him a telegram." A day or two 
later Dr. Hyma saw Buckhannon and Wesleyan College 
for the first time. Dr. Hyma found the department lack- 
ing equipment and poorly organized. He didn't charac- 
terize it that way; he was too considerate. He went quietly 
about his work taking time to get acquainted with all its 
details. By the time that was accomplished he was putting 
so much of his personality into his work, and with such 

Wesleyan College 123 

good effect, that his classes were overflowing with stu- 
dents eager to pursue his courses. 

Until then the work of the department was all housed 
in the basement rooms on the north side of the Science 
Hall. More room was now needed. The unused rooms on 
the first floor above were appropriated. New courses in 
Chemistry should be offered. These, in turn, required 
more laboratory room and storage. Basement rooms on 
the south side of the building and the south-side-front- 
corner room on the first floor were made available. 

His predecessor who had been trying to do two pieces 
of work that were incompatible, in that they pressed for 
his presence in two different places at the same time, 
has taken great satisfaction in watching the expansion of 
the work in Chemistry and he hopes that Dr. Hyma has 
the heritage of long life and good health. 

It would have been just too bad for Wesleyan College 
if, in 1919, the President had not taken a chance and 
sent a telegram. 


Economics and Sociology 


The subject of this sketch, after graduating from West 
Virginia Wesleyan College in 1905, continued his studies 
in Harvard University where he received the graduate 
degree, Master of Arts. 

Returning to West Virginia he was identified with 
Salem College for some years. In the year 1919 he ac- 
cepted a call to teach the subjects of Economics and So- 
ciology in his alma mater, Wesleyan College, and is now 
in the twentieth year of his service in this institution. 

Professor Karickhoff's courses, as outlined in the 
catalog and given by him to his classes, constitute a strong 
department of work in the fields of Economics and So- 

124 West Virginia 

ciology. His practice in certain courses of taking his stu- 
dents on a tour of the philanthropic, charitable, correc- 
tive, and penal institutions of the state is especially val- 
uable as a laboratory and field study of the practical 
working of these institutions. 


Dr. Scott, on leaving the service of Wesleyan Col- 
lege in 1934, spent the school year 1934-35 in the service 
of the State Department of Education, making his head- 
quarters in Charleston, but being in the field much of 
the time. 

In the summer of 1935 he accepted a call to the staff 
of the University of Hawaii in the city of Honolulu. His 
contract includes the summer sessions, except that each 
third summer is a free period on salary. The summer of 
1938, during which he visited the States, was his third 
in the service of the University. 

Dr. Scott's fourteen-year period of service in Wesleyan 
was one of healthy development in the Department of 
Education. His Bachelor's, Master's, and Doctor's de- 
grees were earned in Hiram College, Columbia Univer- 
sity, and Ohio State University, respectively. 


Physical Education for W t omen 


The evolution of this department is interesting; and, 
because it is not narrated elsewhere in this work, the 
writer will include it here. As early as the school year 
1894-95 a teacher was employed in the Seminary and 
assigned to teach Elocution and Delsarte. For the bene- 

Wesleyan College 125 

fit of those needing enlightenment, Delsarte is a species 
of glorified physical education. You could also call it 
Calisthenics, if you wished, without offending refined 

A succession of nine teachers filled in the period from 
1894 to 1910. As time passed there was a departure in 
the direction of relatively more emphasis upon the speech 
aspect of the work. 

In the catalog announcements of the work for the year 
1910-11, the title of the work was altered to "Public 
Speaking," to be given by the same teacher that offered 
the courses in Elocution and Delsarte the previous year. 

It does not appear that any one was giving physical 
education to the young women during the three years, 
1910-1913. But the catalog announcements for the year 
1913-14 advertise the work; and other records disclose 
that it was given during that year. 

There was a succession of four teachers in this work 
in the eight-year period, 1913-1921. Following this per- 
iod and assuming her duties in the autumn of 1921, the 
present incumbent took charge of the work in physical 
education for women. She is in her eighteenth year in 
the position. This case provides another illustration of 
the value of continuous service in any position compe- 
tently filled. The writer believes that the program of 
physical education for women has been regularly and 
systematically strengthened during the past eighteen 


Biblical Literature 


A course in New Testament history was offered in the 
very early years of the West Virginia Conference Sem- 
inary. Perhaps, for a time, it was required in some of the 

126 West Virginia 

courses of study. At that time this course was commonly 
given as an adjunct of the English department. The 
writer has the impression that such a course or such 
courses continued to be offered after the College or- 
ganization was effected, but perhaps somewhat irregu- 
larly and unsystematically. 

It seems it was not until about the year 1915 that a 
department was created giving to courses in Bible study 
recognition in the curriculum of the College. The official 
title of the department was, "Bible and Philosophy." 
The name of the department appeared in the catalog in 
this form during the years 1916-1923. The two fields of 
study included in the department were then divorced; 
and, appearing first in the catalog of the year 1924, the 
name of the department has since been "Biblical Liter- 

Professor Brown was chosen in the summer or early 
autumn of the year 1922 to have charge of this depart- 
ment of the college and entered upon his duties at the 
opening of the school year. His training that justified 
his appointment had included the Liberal Arts course 
in this College, studies in philosophy and perhaps other 
courses at West Virginia University, and his studies in 
the School of Theology of Boston University. In his 
hands the department has steadily advanced in strength 
and prestige. 


German and Latin 


Through the years the ancient languages, Latin and 
Greek, in this institution, had slowly declined in their 
appeal as college subjects. About the year 1918 the small 
registration in these subjects in the College was thought 
to justify their discontinuance. 

Weslevan College 127 

When a new president assumed the duties of his office 
in 1923 it was his wish to restore these subjects to their 
former place in the curriculum. All members of the 
faculty were in sympathy with his purpose and all were 
ready to believe that he knew some magic by which it 
could be accomplished. A department of Latin and 
Greek was carved out and the chief character of this 
sketch was employed to put it over. The writer does not 
mean that this was the conscious purpose of the teacher, 
but the expressed purpose of the president, to revitalize 
the department. 

A little later German was transferred into this depart- 
ment, and, still a little later, Greek was removed. It 
stands now as German and Latin. We had previously 
witnessed the decline in relative importance, of the place 
held by the ancient languages among college subjects. 
We had seen this take place against every remedy and 
device that our limited ingenuity could suggest to pre- 
vent it. We reluctantly accepted the conclusion that in 
a College deriving its patronage from a miscellaneous 
constituency, the ancient languages will, in the future, 
be pursued by those who have a predilection for them, 
or by those whose purpose in life creates a consciousness 
of a need of them. 

Personally, the writer believes that the need of the 
ancient languages is much more universal than the 
consciousness of it ; and that the way, if there is a way, 
to bring about their return, is to awaken and stimulate 
that consciousness. 

More space than was intended has been taken to pre- 
sent the situation with respect to the ancient-language 
aspect of this department. Dr. Bos's qualifications do 
not stand in need of any defense. Even so, it is timely to 
remind ourselves that the problem of the place of Greek 
and Latin is a general one, that Dr. Bos did not create 

128 West Virginia 

it, and that, antedating his tenure here, we had tried 
and failed as an institution to solve it satisfactorily. 

A small registration in Latin we now regard as a 
normal healthy condition. On that basis and with the 
somewhat larger registration in German the department 
contributes its share of the appeal of the college for stu- 
dent patronage. 

Dr. Bos made his preparation in New York Uni- 
versity, Drew University, and The University of Chi- 
cago. A period of time spent in Europe a few years ago 
must also have enriched his preparation for his work. 
In the realm of productive scholarship Dr. Bos is the 
author of a study in the life and personality of Christ : 
The Unique Aloofness of Jesus. 




Between the years 1904 and 1923 a succession of eight 
teachers served the college in the field of History. Of 
the total period of nineteen years, eight years constituted 
the tenure of one man. The other eleven years represent 
the sum of the periods of service of the other seven men. 

It is a pleasure to note that these eight tenures, aver- 
aging less than two and one-half years in length, were 
followed by one, now in its sixteenth year. The satisfac- 
tion in this springs from the stability implied in the in- 
creasing numbers of such tenures, coupled with the char- 
acter of the men attaining them and the character of the 
work in their respective fields. 

Dr. Glauner pursued his studies in Otterbein College, 
Syracuse University, and Ohio State University, in the 
order named. The good work now being done in the Col- 
lege in the field of History is parent to the hope that 
the existing tenure may have a long future. 

The College Gymnasium and Athletic Field 

Wesleyan College 129 


Coach and Director of Athletics 


Historical data on athletics and physical education 
prior to the year 1912-13 must be gathered from sources 
other than official publications and records preserved in 
the College. It was then that the College entered the 
field, employed coaches and directors, and became re- 
sponsible for the payment of their salaries. Previously, 
such men had been employed either by the student ath- 
letic association or some privately constituted group. In 
either case the salaries were raised by private subscrip- 
tion and there was no occasion for any official College 
record of such transactions. 

The records, in the thirteen-year period, 1912-1925, 
reveal these familiar names: Felton, Garlow, Stansbury, 
Neale, Kellison, Drumm, Higgins, Shumaker, Kru- 
shank, Kelcel Ross, and Miller. Some of these were 
coaches, some directors. All of them were identified with 
athletics, and their official salaries were paid by the 
College. Perhaps no one of these eleven men continued 
in the service of the College longer than four or five 

Cecil B. Ross was employed as coach in the year 1925. 
The following year his title became, "Coach and Ath- 
letic Director." He is now serving his fourteenth year 
as coach and his thirteenth as athletic director according 
to the record. 

It is the writer's belief that he has not known a more 
wholesome condition with respect to athletics in Wes- 
leyan College than exists at the present time. 

130 West Virginia 


Spanish and French 

The record indicates that the head of the department 
of Spanish and French entered the service of the College 
about the middle of the college year 1925-26 as Dean of 
Women and teacher of Spanish. She continued in this 
capacity until about the time of the retirement of Dr. 
Deck in the early thirties, when the French taught by 
Dr. Deck was joined with the Spanish to make the De- 
partment of Spanish and French. In this new capacity 
her rank is that of "Professor." 

Professor Ogden's higher education was pursued in 
Allegheny College, West Virginia Wesleyan College, 
Columbia University, with an added year in the Uni- 
versity of Paris. With the close of this school year Pro- 
fessor Ogden will have given fourteen and one-half years 
in the service of Wesleyan College. 

Work of excellent character is being done in the de- 
partment of Spanish and French. 




Mrs. Ora Douglas Curry had been in the library one 
year in the capacity of assistant, when the post of librar- 
ian was vacated by the death of Miss Cecelia Alexander 
in the summer of 1928. 

During the next five years the post of librarian was 
filled by Miss Blanch C. Kerns, 1928-30, and Miss Eve- 
lyn Lazenby, 1930-33. In the meantime, Mrs. Curry was 

When, in 1933, Miss Lazenby became Associate Pro- 
fessor of English, Mrs. Curry was considered to b^ the 

Wesleyan College 131 

logical choice for the vacancy in the librarianship. The 
choice was a result of the efficiency and skill she had 
developed during the six years as assistant and the pro- 
fessional training she had taken in library work in the 

To the six years as assistant Mrs. Curry is now adding 
the sixth as librarian, to the great satisfaction of the 
patrons of the library. 




Professor Hallam had his preparation for the teaching 
of mathematics in Washington and Jefferson College 
and Johns Hopkins University. 

He accepted a call to the chair of Mathematics as the 
successor to Professor LeTellier whose resignation be- 
came effective in June, 1928, and, therefore, is conclud- 
ing the eleventh year of his connection with Wesleyan 

The field of Mathematics in the College has been for- 
tunate in having three good men continue their services 
for a longer period than ten years. These are Professors 
Mills, White, and Hallam. Since each of the first two 
served just eleven years and the third is now concluding 
his eleventh, here's a challenge issued to any jinx cred- 
ited with haunting that numeral. 

Mathematics, like ancient languages, has in recent 
decades been measurably victimized by certain educa- 
tional theories. It is comforting, therefore, to find so 
many in the College pursuing the subject. 

132 West Virginia 


Dean of the College 



In August, 1929, Dr. Lambert assumed his duties as 
Dean of the College succeeding, in that capacity, the 
writer of these annals who had served since June, 1909. 

Dean Lambert's preparation had been made in West 
Virginia University, the University of Chicago, and 
Johns Hopkins University. He was a public school ad- 
ministrator of experience before coming to the respon- 
sibilities of his new position where he was favorably re- 
ceived, and where he has steadily grown in both strength 
and favor during the passing of the first decade of his 
service for Wesleyan College. 

Besides discharging his duties as the Dean of the 
College, Dean Lambert offers some courses in Political 
Science and carries on active research into some of the 
problems of his field not yet fully explored. The fruits 
of such labors are two rather recent books of much in- 
terest: Lambert's Pioneer Leaders of Western Virginia, 
1935; and Presidential Politics in the United States, 
(period of 1840-1844), 1936. 




The development of the department of Biology began 
in a small way about the year 1913. We say, "in a small 
way," because the equipment was not made adequate to 
do first-class work until six years later. There followed 
then a period of ten years, 1919-1929, during which five 
teachers, with an average tenure of two years, were called 
to the department. All the five were well trained for 

Wesleyan College 133 

the work, and in each of the five periods of service some 
equipment was secured for the department. But these 
five tenures, each so short, could add but little to its 
strength and prestige. 

Dr. Judson came to the department in 1929. His per- 
iod of service at the end of this year will be just equal 
to the sum of the last five preceding. This must result, 
has resulted, in giving to the work of the department an 
individuality, a type of character, and a standing in edu- 
cational circles, impossible under former conditions 
when teachers came and went like characters across a 

This chapter was begun with the purpose of making 
a brief discussion of the work of each former and pres- 
ent member of the faculty whose service in the College 
has continued ten years or longer. It now seems fitting 
to conclude it with the catalog announcements of the 
present members of the faculty that have been on the 
staff for periods shorter than ten years. 

The rank and the department given are those published 
in the catalog of the year 1939-40. In some instances 
these have undergone slight changes since the teacher 
was first employed. 


Dean of Women and Associate Professor of Public 


A. B., Ohio Wesleyan University; Graduate work 
West Virginia University, Boston University, Colum- 
bia University; One year, Ohio Wesleyan School of 
Oratory; A. M., West Virginia Wesleyan College. 


134 West Virginia 

Professor of Education 

A. B., Marietta College; S. T. B., Ph. D., Boston 
University; Studied in Harvard University and the 
University of Berlin. 


Associate Professor of Business Administration 

A. C. A., Bowling Green Business University; A. B., 
Bowling Green College of Commerce; A. M., University 
of Kentucky. 


Assistant Professor of Physical Education 

B. S., West Virginia Wesleyan College; M. A., Ohio 
State University; Graduate work in the University of 


Professor of Education 

B. A., M. A., University of Kentucky; Ph. D., Ohio 
State University. 



Associate Professor of English 

B. A., Northwestern University; M. A., Ohio State 


Wesleyan College 135 


Associate Professor of Music; Instructor in Organ 

B. S. in Music, New York University; Thiel College; 
Ohio University; West Virginia University; Marietta 
College; Graduate work at Columbia University. 


Instructor in Business Administration 

B. S., West Virginia Wesleyan College. 



Assistant Professor of Home Economics 

B. S., West Virginia University; M. A., Columbia 
University; Graduate work at University of Chicago 
and University of Michigan. 



Assistant Professor of Bible and Director of Personnel 

A. B., West Virginia Wesleyan College; B. D., Gar- 
rett Biblical Institute; Ph. D., Yale Divinity School. 



Instructor in Music 

B. S., Massachusetts State College; Michigan State 
College; Institute of Musical Art. 


136 West Virginia 

Assistant Librarian 

A. B., M. A., West Virginia Wesleyan College. 



Assistant Professor of Journalism and Director of 

B. S. and M A S., Northwestern University. 


The Buildings 


At the outset, President Hutchinson clearly saw and 
keenly felt the need of a dormitory for the young women 
in attendance at the Seminary. The town, like most 
others of its size at that time, did not have a municipal 
water supply; there was no electricity for either power 
or light; homes with accommodations currently modern, 
if any, were individually equipped with water systems; 
kerosene lamps for light were in general use. Along 
with inadequate physical equipment there was a distinct 
lack of wholesome school traditions without which, in 
the absence of a school home, the social aspects of the 
lives of the young women did not find in the place an 
atmosphere conducive to their best development. 

I n the sessions of the Board of Trustees at the close 
of the first year of the school, the president secured 
their approval of a program to create by suitable pub- 
licity public interest in behalf of this cause. To this end 
they adopted the following: "Resolved, That we deem 
the building of a Ladies' Hall indispensable to the high- 
est success of the West Virginia Conference Seminary ; 
That the President in his labors in the field be re- 
quested to present the importance of the subject publicly 
and privately, and in such communications as he may 
deem proper for publication by the press." 

138 West Virginia 

A year later in the session of June 14, 1892, the Board 
created a committee of five to promote the cause of the 
dormitory and to proceed with its erection when (1) 
the existing debt of about #20,000 had been fully pro- 
vided for, and when (2) in the judgment of the com- 
mittee pledges of money in sufficient amount had been 
received to warrant launching the enterprise. 

The committee appointed to promote the erection of 
a dormitory consisted of President B. W. Hutchinson, 
Benjamin F. Martin, J. S. Withers, L. H. Jordan, and 
C. B. Graham. Building operations were delayed to await 
the liquidation of the debt which was completely pro- 
vided for at the session of the conference in the autumn 
of 1893. 

Meanwhile, President Hutchinson had prepared a 
plan embodying largely the plan and arrangement of 
one of the early dormitories of Goucher College. He 
submitted this to Mr. M. F. Geisey, an architect of 
Wheeling, who, without remuneration, generously put 
the plans in shape for the builders, furnished the nec- 
essary blueprints, and supervised the erection of the 
building. His services were his contribution to the en- 

With the debt of twenty thousand dollars now out 
of the way, the conditions stipulated for beginning the 
erection of the dormitory were realized through the gen- 
erous bequest by the Reverend John A. Williams, of 
three thousand dollars given for the specific purpose of 
aiding in the building of a dormitory for young women. 
When other available resources were added to this be- 
quest the committee proceeded to complete the founda- 
tion of the building in the autumn of 1894. 

The work of construction progressed through the 
spring and summer of 1895. All efforts now were di- 
rected toward the goal of having the building ready for 

Wesleyan College 139 

occupancy at the opening of the school year in Septem- 
ber. Funds for furnishing the building were inadequate. 
Several Epworth Leagues and a number of individuals 
contributed fifty dollars each toward the furnishing of 
rooms. Carpenters and painters were busy with the in- 
terior finishing of the building until the opening date 
of the school year. Under such conditions the installa- 
tion of furniture and furnishings throughout the build- 
ing was a matter of much labor and anxiety. Doubtless 
a critical observer could have discerned much evidence 
of haste about the place while the young women were 
being welcomed and assigned to their rooms. But the 
work was done, though ending in a breath-taking race 
with time; and the spirit that prevailed was one of joy 
in a consummation of such great promise for the school. 
It is a reasonable expectation that dormitories should 
be self-sustaining. Perhaps this should be interpreted 
to include interest on bonded indebtedness, and even 
the retirement of bonds issued to secure funds for con- 
struction purposes. The best practice perhaps is to regard 
the^ building as a part of the operating plant of an insti- 
tution and to secure it through the generosity of the 
friends of education. The full policy of the Board of 
Trustees in respect to this matter is not disclosed in the 
minutes of their meetings. In a session held October 30, 
1894, they provided for a bond issue of $18,000. The 
reasons for the issue are set forth in the following pre- 
amble and resolution : 

The Board having nearly completed the foundation of the Women's 
Building, or Dormitory, for the use of the Conference Seminary of 
the West Virginia Conference and desiring to proceed at once to the 
erection and completion of said building according to the plans and 
specifications already adopted, and to suitably furnish the same for 
the use of said Seminary, and not having received donations and sub- 
scriptions of sufficient amounts of money to pay for the same, and 
this Board being of opinion that it is expedient and necessary to 
borrow for the purpose the sum of eighteen thousand dollars, it is, 

140 West Virginia 

therefore, resolved, that 180 coupon bonds of $100 each be issued by 
the Board, payable ten years after and from the first day of Jan- 
uary 1895, with interest thereon at the rate of six per cent, payable 
annually at the Traders National Bank in the town of Buckhannon 
in Upshur County, West Virginia, and, that to secure the payment 
of the annual interest on said bonds, and the principals thereof 
at maturity, a deed of trust be executed upon said tract of land 
conveyed by said Levi Leonard to the said Trustees named therein 
by his said deed of the 29th day of August, 1887, recorded in said 

The events of the years that followed fully justified 
the fine optimism of President Hutchinson and the 
Board of Trustees in spending money, much of which 
had yet to be secured, to build the dormitory. Its rooms 
were filled, almost from the beginning. Having a ca- 
pacity to accommodate about sixty students, it was soon 
housing more than seventy. Some years later carpenters 
were called in to convert the assembly room on the fourth 
floor into more rooms for students; then, with a capacity 
to accommodate about seventy young women, at times it 
took care of eighty during the next few years. 

Perhaps the all-time high in the number of those liv- 
ing in the original dormitory occurred more or less 
around the turn of the century, just before the State of 
West Virginia developed a lively consciousness of its 
need for more high schools. The Seminary was, among 
other things, a substitute for the public high school for 
many people who did not have such educational ad- 
vantages in their own communities. 

"Time makes ancient good uncouth." With the pass- 
ing of the years which eventually brought an efficient 
domestic water supply, electricity, and natural gas to 
Buckhannon, the dormitory was gradually, but to a lim- 
ited extent, serviced with all three of these public util- 

Let us take a look at conditions that prevailed during 
the early years. A well, driven near the outside entrance 

Wesleyan College 141 

to the kitchen, provided a supply of water for use in the 
kitchen. Another well was located to one side of the 
present concrete walk leading to Meade Street and near 
the street outlet of the walk. This well remains still, but 
is now little used or not at all, and it is our guess that it 
was driven to supply water for making brick, mixing 
mortar, et cetera, when the Seminary Building was under 

This was a rather deep well of clear cool water and 
was much used for drinking purposes. Drinking glasses 
on the tables in the dining room were generally filled 
from this well, and in the evenings, just before study 
hours began, the young women resorted thither with 
pitchers of generous capacities, which they filled and 
carried to their rooms. Perhaps among the alumni, some 
hoary Jacobs, thinking back across the years, can re- 
member helping the daughters of Laban fill their 
pitchers at the well. 

The equipment of this well consisted of a force pump 
geared to a windmill which in turn was mounted upon 
a derrick about fifty feet in height. Under the surface 
of the ground a pipe led to the dormitory and from the 
basement upward to a water tank supported among the 
timbers of the attic on what was called the "fifth floor" 
of the building. This tank was made of heavy sheet lead 
and when the wind blew long enough and strong enough, 
barring mechanical defects, there was water in the tank. 
The trees on the campus round about, which had not at- 
tained greater height than ten or fifteen feet, did not 
embarrass the performance of the windmill. The pump 
was provided with a convenient valve which, at one 
operation, could be used to cut off the flow of water to 
the tank and turn it into the pitchers, drinking cups, 
pails, or what have you. The pump could also be oper- 
ated by hand when wind power failed. 

142 West Virginia 

From the tank, by force of gravity, the water reached 
the toilets, just one on each floor. Due to the fact that 
the wind as a source of power was capricious and often 
unreliable, an outside toilet was maintained near the 
present driveway to the rear of the dormitory. The in- 
side toilets were equipped with baths, the operating ef- 
ficiency of which was subject to the same uncertainties 
described above. 

There were some interesting phases of the transition 
to electricity for lighting. Neither electric generators 
for power nor the technique of current regulation and 
control had been brought to their present degree of ef- 
ficiency. Improvements in this field were taking place 
so rapidly that machinery became out of date in a very 
brief time. The character of the service was such as to 
raise the suspicion that the local company furnishing 
the current had tried to economize in buying their equip- 
ment and had acquired some that was on its way to the 
junk pile. Candles and kerosene lamps were kept con- 
stantly in readiness. Interruptions to the current fre- 
quently left the rooms without adequate light for more 
than half the period set apart for study in the evening. 
But when real improvement came in, servicing the dor- 
mitory with water and electricity, the handicaps and 
the hardships of the past were soon forgotten. 

Down to the year 1920 the dormitory had not been 
officially named. Once or twice in previous years the 
question of naming it had arisen in the sessions of the 
Board of Trustees, but on these occasions the Board in- 
dulged in brief general discussion of the subject and left 
it without action. President Hutchinson had designated 
it as "The Ladies' Hall," and this name had found its 
way into the catalogs and bulletins of the school. 

In the minutes of the session of the Board of June 7, 
1920, the following record appears: 

Wesleyan College 143 

The re-naming of the Ladies Hall having been discussed, it was, on 
motion of G. W. Atkinson, ordered that the name "Ladies' Hall" be 
dropped, and that henceforth it shall be known as the 


Whereupon, on motion of S. V. Woods, G. W. Atkinson was requested 
to prepare a fitting resolution for the re-naming of said hall. 

Your historian has been unable to find the record of 
the foregoing resolution. If it failed to reach the record 
at or near the time when it was provided for, which 
seems likely, there is still a possibility that a copy may 
yet be found in the files of correspondence left by the 
late Mr. Atkinson who prepared the resolution, or in 
those left by the late Mr. C. D. Howard to whom a copy 
was probably sent; or it may be in the files of the College 
office of that approximate date. 

The original cost of the dormitory was about #25,000. 
Mr. Howard's generosity to the College had been equal 
to, or perhaps in excess of that amount. There were, of 
course, other generous friends. The even larger gift of 
Mrs. Sydney Haymond had made possible the erection 
of the Haymond Science Hall a few years earlier, and 
the very princely generosity of the late Judge C. W. 
Lynch had sealed with success an important financial 
campaign at a time when its failure would have meant 
a major calamity to the College. 

Mr. Howard's eldest daughter, Edna, had graduated 
from the College with the class of 1918. His second 
daughter, Agnes, had entered the College and was in 
residence at the dormitory. The suddenness of her pass- 
ing from the apparent bloom of health, also the universal 
esteem in which she was held by reason of the rare com- 
bination of spiritual attributes that were hers, made a 
deep and lasting impression on all who knew her. In- 
stinctively, one and all felt that to make the dormitory 
her memorial would be not only a fitting tribute to her, 
but would be an equally fitting recognition of the gen- 

144 West Virginia 

erosity of a man who literally went about seeking op- 
portunities to convert his material prosperity into the 
finest fruits of the spirit. 

Only financial reverses, that came with the great in- 
dustrial depression of 1929, and his own illness and 
death a very few years later, prevented Mr. Howard 
from realizing his dream of taking care of the cost of 
building the new and modernly equipped addition to 
the dormitory, begun in the year 1928 and occupied early 
in the year 1929. The two other daughters, Helen and 
Elsie, attended Wesleyan College, graduating in the 
years 1924 and 1933, respectively, Helen from the Col- 
lege and Elsie from the Normal School. Mr. Howard's 
generous patronage in sending four children to the 
College was an expression of his confidence in the aims 
and purposes of the institution; and his unstinted finan- 
cial backing of its program spoke eloquently of his deep 
interest in its welfare. 

When growth stops, decay will soon begin. A dormi- 
tory erected in the nineties in a small town having few 
or no modern conveniences is soon less well-equipped 
than even the modest new residences. The march of 
progress has brought in its wake many new things, once 
luxuries perhaps, but now necessities. The architect, the 
carpenter, the electrician, the plumber, the plasterer, and 
the paperhanger may do much to modernize a building 
and keep it up to date, but there is a degree beyond 
which they cannot go. 

The need of a dormitory with complete up-to-date ap- 
pointments was keenly felt for some years before it was 
undertaken. The old building was, and is still, a useful 
building. It will remain a useful building, we believe, 
for many years to come; but it was failing to meet the 
demands for an up-to-the-minute, completely equipped 

Music Hall 
Hayjiond Science Hall 

Wesleyan College 145 

Since a dormitory is supposed to be self-liquidating 
as an investment, it could be built without seriously 
jeopardizing the financial interests of the College. The 
financing of the new addition to the dormitory was ac- 
complished in a manner somewhat similar to the method 
employed in the erection of the old part as explained 
earlier in this article. 

The two major problems in the construction of the 
building were to make it thoroughly modern in every 
respect and to make it harmonize architecturally with 
the part already built. For the high degree of success in 
attaining these ends, much credit is due the architect, 
the late Carl Reger, an alumnus of the school and a mem- 
ber of the class of 1897. 

the music hall 

The Music Hall is a modest looking building. It may 
not seem entitled to much elaboration here. We shall 
make its annals compatible with its modest appearance. 
Even at that, there are some things that should be said 
about the occasion, the structure itself, and the service 
it has rendered. 

The urgent need for a music building can be summed 
up in a name (Professor Jelly). This man joined the 
staff as director of music in or about the year 1899. His 
zeal and hard work undermined his health. Broken in 
body, he retired at the end of eight years, to die soon 
after. We mean it as no reflection on any one in the 
line of succession in the department of music when we 
say that we have never known another to achieve equal 
success in popularizing high-class music. Others have 
had to strive against the competition of canned or re- 
corded music, of the radio, and of the moving picture syn- 
chronized with music, with their strong appeal to popular 
interest. None of these had been perfected to the point 

146 West Virginia 

of attracting much popular interest at the time of the 
events of this narrative. 

Under the spell of the inspiration of his boundless 
enthusiasm large choruses responded evening after eve- 
ning, week after week, in the preparation for an oratorio 
such as Mendelssohn's "Elijah" or Haydn's "Creation." 
For the occasion of the rendering of such an oratorio a 
high-class soloist was brought from anywhere at what- 
ever cost. As the date for such an event approached, and 
after training the chorus from eight to nine-thirty or 
ten o'clock, the Professor was known sometimes to spend 
most of the remaining part of the night preparing a 
full-page article for the local newspapers for proper ad- 
vertisement. Most of the admissions were sold before the 
date of an event; people came from a hundred miles 
away; standing room was at a premium. 

There would follow the same result today, given the 
personality and conditions; but the personality is rare 
and the conditions will never be the same again. 

Prior to the year 1899, about five pianos had answered 
the need for student practice. These were distributed as 
follows: one in each of the two assembly rooms of the 
Seminary, one in each of the two literary society halls 
in the same building, and one in the dormitory. Music 
students living in town practiced at home if their par- 
ents owned pianos. 

Homes near the campus were canvassed and pianos 
were rented for student practice throughout the school 
day. As this work expanded until every facility was 
being used to the limit, it was but natural that a solution 
of the problem of congestion in the department of music 
should be sought in the erection of a building contain- 
ing studios, practice rooms, and an assembly room large 
enough to accommodate a chorus of a hundred voices for 
practice. In the year 1901 sentiment was all set for the 
new building and its erection was completed in 1902. 

Wesleyan College 147 

The near absence of architecture in the building, the 
rather common character of some of the material enter- 
ing into its construction, and the very plain workman- 
ship in evidence generally, are compromises designed to 
secure the greatest amount of building for a given small 
available sum. It should be noted that in one of its most 
essential features the building was not cheapened. The 
walls separating the practice rooms were soundproofed 
by making them double, leaving an air-filled space be- 
tween. They are not just two plastered surfaces on the 
opposite sides of one set of fixed, upright timbers. 

Twice in its history the use of the building has been 
drafted to meet other very special urgent needs. When 
the main building was destroyed by fire in February, 
1905, classroom work was distributed among the music 
studios, the assembly room of Music Hall, the parlors 
of the dormitory, and the rooms of a vacant house be- 
longing to the Reverend L. W. Roberts, now the home 
of Mr. Henry Jackson, 60 College Avenue. This pro- 
gram continued until late in the autumn of 1905, when 
the present Administration Hall was ready for oc- 

Thirteen years later we were involved in the World 
War and the Government granted the College a Student 
Army Training Corps. The nearly two hundred students 
that comprised the corps were housed in the gymnasium. 
When the influenza broke out among the corps, the music 
hall was converted into a hospital. At one time approxi- 
mately one half of the corps was receiving hospital care 
on cots distributed through the building. 

Perhaps none will lament its passing when more pros- 
perous conditions enable the College to replace it with a 
larger and better and architecturally more attractive 
building. But it can be truly said that few structures 
have rendered so much service on so small an investment. 

148 West Virginia 

administration building 

In a number of the catalogs the name of this building 
is given as "College Hall," but in some of the more 
recent ones it is referred to as the "Administration Build- 
ing." Since we are unaware of any official act of the 
Board of Trustees or other competent authority giving 
it either name, we fall in line with current usage. It re- 
placed the Seminary Building which was destroyed by 
fire, Saturday morning, February 4, 1905. 

The earlier building harbored a hot-air heating plant 
in the basement. During a cold wave the temperature 
was running twelve to fifteen degrees below zero at 
night. The fireman was trying to meet the needs of the 
occasion, when, perhaps, either a spark from the furnace 
or contact of an overheated and insufficiently insulated 
draft pipe ignited the woodwork of the interior walls of 
the building. 

The fire, when first discovered, was thought to be of 
small proportion and an effort was made to extinguish 
it without calling outside aid. Concealed between the 
opposite sides of inner walls the fire was soon found 
burning the woodwork to the second and third floors of 
the structure. The local fire department was then called. 
The nearest fire hydrant was that on College Avenue 
opposite the oak grove, near the present home of the 
writer. Sections of hose were coupled to reach the scene 
of the fire. The water was turned on, but none came 
through. It was reported that the hose had been stored 
without drying, following its use at a recent fire, and 
in the low temperature it was frozen so hard that the 
pressure of the water failed to open it. Our memory 
tells us that some minutes later the firemen got the 
water through the hose and rendered some service by 
keeping down the heat while all hands worked to save 

Wesleyan College 149 

such articles of furniture and equipment as could be 
removed to places of safety. 

Student records and office furniture were saved. The 
small library occupied a single room about where the 
headquarters of the vice-president and the alumni sec- 
retary now are. The books were thrown out through the 
windows looking toward the dormitory and were carried 
and stored in a dingy place on the fifth floor of that 
building. A few were soon made accessible for student 
use, but the greater number remained in storage until 
they could be housed in the new building the following 
autumn. Some books considered useless may still be 
found in that old storage room. 

An interesting incident of the occasion of the fire is 
that the large bell, that rings less frequently now, fell 
from the tower to the basement and sustained so little 
injury that its tone was not noticeably altered. Before 
the flames reached and destroyed the timbers supporting 
the bell, the basement was well filled with ash and other 
debris which had the effect of reducing the shock of the 
impact. The slight injury consists of a small crack, only 
a few inches in length, in the thickest part of the metal 
not far from the point of suspension. When the bell 
was cool enough to be handled it was removed and 
mounted on a low frame on or near the site of the pres- 
ent oval flower bed between the Music Hall and Ad- 
ministration Building. There it was used to note the 
passing periods until it was mounted in its present po- 
sition the following autumn. 

The embers of the old building had not stopped 
smouldering before plans were under way for the erec- 
tion of a larger and better one. President Wier was out 
of town when the fire occurred, business having called 
him to Charleston. He hastened home in the spirit that 
the calamity of the fire must be turned into an asset by 

150 West Virginia 

making it the rallying point for the friends of the school 
to achieve larger things than had yet been done. Dr. 
Trotter, who had charge of the administration of the 
daily program, planned it so effectively that the only 
interruption sustained was on the day of the fire. Sat- 
urday was a school day then and Monday was the weekly 
holiday. Dr. Trotter, Professor Mills, and the writer, 
at the request of President Wier, made a rough draft 
of building plans to be submitted to an architect. The 
contract for the erection of the building was let about 
May 1 5 and the work was begun almost at once. 

At this point there is some confusion in the record 
which we shall venture to interpret. The Board of Trus- 
tees authorized Clare Harding, the architect, to close the 
contract with the firm of Ellicott and Winchal, in case 
they qualified under the terms specified in the adver- 
tisement for bids; otherwise, he was authorized to close 
the contract with Castoe and Warner. The minutes of 
more than a year later, June 5, 1906, reveal the Board 
making final settlement with Withrow and Company 
of Charleston, who are not previously or otherwise men- 
tioned in the record at all. We suggest the explanation 
that the two firms mentioned failed to qualify in the 
judgment of the architect and that in recess of the Board, 
the Executive Committee functioned to authorize the 
award to Withrow and Company; but the report of the 
Committee's transaction never reached the general record. 

As to the location of the new building, the basement 
of the old was somewhat extended to make room for a 
larger foundation. There were no usable rooms in the 
basement of the old. The work in home economics, jour- 
nalism, and the print shop occupy five rooms in the base- 
ment of the new. The present building has an auditor- 
ium with a much greater capacity, and it is on the first 
floor instead of the third. Taking into account the usable 

Wesleyan College 151 

rooms in the basement of the present building, it is 
reasonable to estimate its available floor space as ap- 
proximately double that of the old. 


Visualize the college plant with neither the Gym- 
nasium nor the Science Hall on the campus, and then 
try to imagine with what embarrassment the responsible 
authorities of the College must undertake to administer 
a well-balanced college curriculum. With the numbers 
in attendance at Wesleyan today it would be an impos- 
sible undertaking. It was possible, with the small num- 
ber of college students in attendance prior to the year 
1912, but further growth was inhibited by the restrictive 
conditions. A plant with all the promise of the mighty 
oak tree or the stately cypress can be dwarfed into a cen- 
tury of life as a potted decoration by binding and prun- 
ing and starving its roots. 

Associating the Gymnasium (1912) and the Haymond 
Science Hall (1914) with the growth of the College, 
it is notable that in the first ten years of the College, 
1905-1914, there were seventy-three graduates. In the 
second ten-year period, 1915-1924, there were three hun- 
dred and seventy-three. 

It is not intended in the foregoing statement to im- 
ply that these physical additions to the college plant 
wholly account for the growth indicated. Roots of living 
plants create no nourishment; they transform it and 
pass it along. The follow-up, equipping these and other 
buildings, and keeping them equipped with furniture, 
apparatus, library facilities, and competent teachers, was 
equally indispensable in promoting the growth of the 

The Gymnasium, like the Music Hall, was not built 
for elegance. To appreciate the force of that statement one 

152 West Virginia 

has only to look at it. But while looking at it, let the 
observer look at the inside as well as the outside, and he 
will see that, in spite of its plain exterior and the evi- 
dence of much economy on the interior as well, it reveals 
design to build health as a part of an all-round educa- 
tion. In the year 1912 we were designing the coat some- 
what in accordance with the supply of cloth just as in 
the years 1890 and 1939. 

The athletic field having already been established, 
the Gymnasium was located with respect to easy access 
of each from the other. This relation has been one of 
great convenience in handling groups of students that 
must frequently go from the one to the other. 

A unique service rendered by the Gymnasium is that 
in relation to the State high school basketball tourna- 
ment. At the close of the basketball season in the year 
1914, Harry Stansbury, judging by the season's records 
of the various high school teams in the State, thought 
the Wheeling and the Elkins teams were the leading 
two. Since they had not contested with each other in the 
season he invited them to play for the championship on 
the neutral floor of Wesleyan's Gymnasium. They 
played and Elkins won. 

However, there were some who thought that another 
team, or other teams, also had records entitling them 
to the privilege of contesting for the championship. 
These protested the method of settling the question of 
the championship. Next season plans were matured well 
in advance and the invitation was extended to all high 
school basketball teams that wished to participate. Dur- 
ing the next few years there was a rapid increase in the 
number of teams participating until it exceeded sixty 
and the playing had to be fast and furious to determine 
the championship in three days. 

This situation led first to doubling the size of the 

Wesleyan College 153 

floor by doubling the length of the large room. Then 
the games were played two at a time with separate of- 
ficials, of course, for the two games. Following this the 
State High School Athletic Association wisely took 
cognizance of those phases of the tournament intimately 
affecting the interests of their wards, and, by a system 
of sectional tournaments held prior to the State tourna- 
ment, whittled down to very moderate proportions the 
number of games to be played in the latter. It is now run 
off with commendable deliberation in two days. Though 
the additional floor space is no longer needed for the 
two-games-at-a-time plan, it gives additional space which 
is greatly needed during the tournament for spectators, 
and in a hundred ways it is advantageous to have the 
room of larger size. A reasonable estimate of its full 
seating capacity, without crowding the court, is three 

When we discussed the Music Hall it was convenient 
to refer to the use made of the Gymnasium in the year 
1918 as barracks for the Students' Army Training Corps. 
The percentage of men in College without any discov- 
erable intellectual interests is always distressingly large, 
but during the brief period of the Corps, one was in 
constant fear lest this type should dominate the group. 
There are many reasons for being glad that Armistice 
came as soon as it did. One of them was the voluntary 
withdrawal, within a short time, of students who would 
not have chosen to go to College except in such as a war- 
time emergency. 

the haymond science hall 

Because the erection of the Haymond Science Hall 
and the Gymnasium occurred within a two-year period, 
1912-1914, and because there began at the end of that 
period of physical expansion a rather phenomenal in- 
crease in the College attendance and the number of 

154 West Virginia 

graduates, we have credited this expansion with pro- 
ducing a respectable share of that growth. This idea was 
treated in our discussion of the Gymnasium. 

The Haymond Science Hall is the gift of Mrs. Vir- 
ginia Haymond who in 1912 succeeded her husband, the 
late Colonel Sydney Haymond, on the Board of Trus- 
tees of the College and served until the time of her 
death in 1917. Colonel Haymond served as trustee be- 
tween 1906 and 1912. 

This building was given and erected as a memorial to 
the life and service of Colonel Haymond. But since Mrs. 
Haymond's death in 1917 it has very generally been 
thought of as a memorial to her life and service as well. 
The building was practically completed and the work 
in the sciences was transferred to it in the early spring 
of 1914. Mrs. Haymond's health permitted her to report 
for attendance at the sessions of the Board of Trustees 
for a little more than two years after the completion of 
the building. It must have been a matter of great spir- 
itual satisfaction for her during those two years to 
witness the beginnings of the fruition of her generous 
philanthropy. The gift for this building was sufficient 
to cover both the cost of the structure, and that of the 
cases, shelves, tables, desks, and chairs with which it was 
originally equipped. 

Many minor alterations on the inside of the building 
have been made from time to time to keep it adapted to 
the new needs incident to the growth of the College and 
progress in the fields of the sciences. But every building, 
except, perhaps, the newest, the addition to Agnes How- 
ard Hall, has had to undergo such alterations, and it 
speaks well for the design and construction of the Hay- 
mond Science Hall that these adaptations have been pos- 
sible without marring the appearance of the building 
viewed either from without or within. 


Organizations, Letters, and Miscellaneous Data 


The Annual Conference of the year, 1883, appointed 
a Committee on Centennial Celebration. The report of 
this committee made in one of the sessions of the same 
conference includes the following recommendation : 

That the erection and endowment of an institution of learning of 
high grade for both sexes be one of the principal objects of the thank- 
offerings of our people of this Conference. The location of said insti- 
tution to be fixed by the Conference at a future session. 

The personnel of the committee appointed to collabor- 
ate on the report, of which the above item is a part, con- 
sisted of : 1. J. A. Fullerton, 2. S. E. Jones, 3. A. J. Lyda, 
4. Joseph Lee, 5. E. H. Orwen, 6. W. E. Snodgrass, 7. 
Samuel Steele, 8. J. W. Webb, 9. G. H. Williams. 

Their report was signed by five of them — the third, 
fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth as numbered above. This 
committee membership did not make of them trustees; 
but the report they brought in put them so nearly into the 
line of succession that we include their names in this 
record. The names of five of them, including three of 
those who signed the report, later appear on the list of 
the names of Trustees. 

In the Annual Conference of the year, 1884, an organ- 
ization was made for the purpose of putting into effect 
the recommendations for observing in some appropriate 
way the Centennial of the Church. A board, designated 

156 West Virginia 

as "The Board of Trustees of the Centennial Fund," 
was named to give force to the will of the Conference in 
this cause. 

The board consisted of five members of the Conference 
during the conference year 1884-85. Their names are the 
first five appearing on the list that follows. The follow- 
ing year the board was enlarged to sixteen members — 
eight ministers and eight laymen. 

In the Conference of 1886 the title of the board was 
changed to, "The Board of Trustees of the Centennial 
Fund and the Conference Seminary." The title of the 
board continued in this form until the Conference ses- 
sion of 1891 when it became, "The Board of Trustees of 
the West Virginia Conference Seminary." 

From 1903 to 1906 the name was, "The Board of 
Trustees of the Wesleyan University of West Virginia." 
The name of the governing board since June 5, 1906, has 
been, "The Board of Trustees of West Virginia Wes- 
leyan College." 

Those who have served in the capacity of trustees, with 
the approximate dates of the beginning and the end of 
their respective periods of service are the following: 


Began Ended 

Dix, Rev. D. H. K 1884 1885 

Hughes, Rev. T. B 1884 1885 

Lyda, Rev. A. J 1884 1894 

President of Board 1884 1887 

Steele, Rev. Samuel 1884 1886 

Stewart, Rev. L. L 1884 1894 

Boatman, Rev. H. J 1885 1894 

Fullerton, Rev. J. A 1885 1898 

Goff, Hon. Nathan, Sr 1885 1886 

Jordan, Rev. L. H 1885 1899 

List, Mr. H. K 1885 1887 

Logan, Mr. Henry 1885 1887 

Martin, Hon. Benjamin F 1885 1895 

McGrew, Mr. J. C 1885 1887 

McWhorter, Judge H. C 1885 1913 

President of Board 1897 1913 

Wesleyan College 157 

Orwen, Rev. E. H 1885 1891 

Poundstone, Capt. A. M 1885 1916 

Woods, Judge Samuel 1885 1897 

President of Board 1887 1897 

Barnes, Mr. John A., 

Active 1886 1931 

Emeritus 1931 1934 

Reger, Rev. J. W 1886 1893 

Rohrbough, Rev. A. B 1886 1896 

White, Rev. W. R 1886 1894 

Bardall, Mr. J. C 1887 1915 

McCormick, Mr. S. P 1887 1889 

Wilson, Mr. Wm. A 1887 1889 

Brockunier, Mr. C. W 1890 1895 

Hutchinson, Rev. B. W., President 1890 1898 

Withers, Hon. J. S 1890 1924 

Graham, Rev. C. B 1891 1911 

Lee, Rev. Joseph 1893 1898 

Mick, Rev. Asbury 1893 1909 

Reger, Dr. R. A 1893 1928 

Hess, Rev. J. H 1894 1899 

Tamblyn, Rev. S. D 1894 1900 

Rigg, Mr. John D 1895 1900 

Riker, Rev. A. B 1896 1900 

Atkinson, Judge G. W 1897 1925 

Jacobs, Judge T. P 1897 1908 

Boyers, Rev. S. L.— President 1898 1900 

Denton, Rev. D. A 1898 1905 

Roberts, Rev. L. W 1898 1910 

Archibald, Mr. C. W 1899 1912 

Crummett, Rev. S. P 1899 1925 

Ash, Rev. D. L 1900 1925 

Cranston, Bishop Earl 1900 1904 

Moore, Rev. A 1900 1938 

Wier, Rev. J. W.— President 1900 1907 

Smith, Rev. G. D 1904 1929 

Walden, Bishop J. M 1905 1914 

Anderson, Bishop W. F 1906 1912 

Arbuthnot, Rev. S. K 1906 1928 

Compton, Rev. M. F 1906 1918 

Hanna, Rev. E. D 1906 1910 

Harmer, Hon. H. W. 

Active 1906 1936 

Emeritus 1936 

Haymond, Mr. Sydney 1906 1912 

Howard, Mr. C. D 1906 1934 

158 West Virginia 

Sturgiss, Hon. George C 1906 1910 

Ward, Rev. R. B 1906 1910 

Woods, Hon. Samuel V 1906 1937 

President of Board 1926 1928 

Doney, Rev. C. G— President 1907 1915 

Berry, Mr. P. J 1908 1929 

Byrer, Hon. H. H 1908 1921 

Clark, Mr. W. F 1908 1911 

Hughes, Hon. W. W 1908 1921 

Stone, Mr. W. E 1908 1921 

Thomas, Mr. Andrew 1908 1931 

Young, Hon. U. G 1908 1937 

Bird, Rev. J. E 1909 1921 

Lynch, Judge Chas. W. 

Active 1909 1929 

President of Board 1913 1926 

President of Board, Emeritus 1926 1932 

Thresher, Mr. R. E 1909 1916 

Clark, Rev. H. D. 

Active 1910 1931 

Emeritus 1931 1938 

Heavner, Mr. J. E 1910 1912 

Reed, Rev. W. D 1910 1922 

Waugh, Judge H. Roy 1910 19— 

Williamson, Rev. G. R 1910 1914 

Mathews, Hon. W. B. 

Active 1911 1937 

Emeritus 1937 19— 

Miller, Rev. S. J 1911 1915 

Ressegger, Rev. L. E 1911 1928 

Bond, Mr. N. U 1912 1916 

Clark, Mrs. A. J 1912 1919 

Edwards, Hon. W. S 1912 1915 

Hardman, Hon. O. W. O 1912 1917 

Haymond, Mrs. Col. Sydney 1912 1917 

List, Miss Hettie 1912 1919 

Williams, Mr. Howard 1912 1921 

Engle, Rev. J. W. 

Active 1914 1936 

Emeritus 1936 19— 

Hite, Mr. R. M 1914 1932 

King, Rev. Claude H 1914 1921 

Townsend, Rev. F. S 1914 1931 

Beerbower, Dr. L. G 1915 19— 

Fleming, Rev. W. B— President 1915 1922 

Wells, Rev. J. E 1915 19— 

Wesleyan College 159 

Hamilton, Bishop Franklin 1916 1918 

Keener, Mr. George I 1916 1923 

Mower, Mr. F. E 1916 1918 

Raine, Mr. John 

Active 1916 1934 

Emeritus 1934 19— 

President of Board 1928 1933 

McWatters, Rev. Samuel T 1917 1923 

Post, Mrs. Wm 1917 1926 

McDowell, Bishop W. F 1918 1920 

Smith, Mr. R. A 1918 1926 

Goodwin, Rev. C. E 1919 1935 

Law, Mr. Clyde O 1919 19— 

President of Board 1933 19— 

Spears, Hon. Samuel T 1919 1936 

McConnell, Bishop Francis 1920 1928 

Anderson, Hon. Luther C 1921 1922 

McCuskey, Rev. Roy 1921 19__ 

President of College 1931 19— 

Parriott, Mr. James 1921 1925 

Scott, Mr. J. M 1921 1929 

West, Mr. Olandus 1921 1933 

Workman, Rev. J. B. 

Active 1921 1938 

Emeritus 1938 19— 

Anderson, Rev. C. Fred 1922 1931 

Williamson, Mr. W. T 1922 1939 

Cutshall, Rev. E. Guy— President 1923 1925 

Smith, Mr. Herbert L 1923 1927 

Richards, Mr. S. L 1924 1929 

Trainer, Mr. George H 1924 1926 

Backus, Rev. R. G 1925 1930 

Fenton, Mr. F. L 1925 1930 

Hughes, Judge A. G 1925 1937 

Newcomb, Mr. W. H 1925 1934 

Pickens, Rev. Denver C 1925 19— 

Wark, Rev. H. E— President 1926 1931 

Member Board 1935 19— 

McWhorter, Judge J. C 1927 1928 

Moist, Hon. Ronald F 1927 19__ 

Smith, Mr. Paul M 1927 1931 

Yost, Mrs. Ellis 1927 19— 

Dils, Mr. H. H 1928 1932 

Hart, Rev. S. B 1928 19— 

Scott, Rev. J. E 1928 19— 

Scott, Miss Mary 1928 1936 

160 West Virginia 

Welsh, Bishop Herbert 1928 1932 

Hanifan, Rev. John E 1929 19— 

Hymes, Hon. Myron B 1929 19— 

Lynch, Hon. Lawrence R 1929 19— 

Miles, Rev. M. C 1929 19— 

Stater, Rev. C. G 1929 19— 

Grose, Rev. L. S. 

Active 1930 1938 

Emeritus 1938 19__ 

Hudkins, Dr. O. L 1930 19— 

Morrison, Mr. O. J. 

Active 1930 1938 

Emeritus 1938 19— 

Boyd, Rev. W. Sproule 1931 19— 

Conley, Hon. Phil M 1931 19— 

Fletcher, Mrs. Myrtle M 1931 19— 

Knotts, Mr. Z. R 1931 19— 

Trevey, Rev. B. T 1931 19__ 

Zumbrunnen, Rev. T. M 1931 19— 

Jones, Hon. E. R 1932 19— 

Leonard, Bishop Adna W 1932 19__ 

Upton, Mr. A. V 1932 19— 

McCue, Hon. A. F 1933 19— 

Crickard, Mr. Mason 1934 19__ 

Hoffman, Rev. Joseph C 1934 19— 

Shannon, Mr. A. G 1934 19— 

Wolfe, Rev. John L 1934 19— 

Dunn, Rev. D. Ralph 1936 19— 

Hartley, Mr. Chas. H 1936 19— 

Harmer, Mrs. H. W 1936 19— 

Patterson, Rev. W. S 1936 19— 

Shingleton, Mr. L. C 1936 19— 

Whetsell, Mr. Clay 1936 19— 

Jones, Rev. S. C 1937 19— 

Cutright, Mr. Harold G 1938 19— 

Hawley, Mr. James M 1938 1939 

Shaffer, Rev. Frank L 1938 19— 

Fink, Rev. C. W 1939 19— 

Miller, Judge Lewis H 1939 19— 


The earliest official reference to this organization, 
which the writer has found, is an order of the Board of 

Trustees passed in their meeting of June 17, 1909. It is 

an expression of the Board's appreciation of the club's 

Cam it 

Agnes Howard Hall 
Walk from Atkinson Gateway 

Wesleyan College 161 

work in providing furnishings and equipment for the 
Dormitory. A secretarial note in the minutes states that 
a copy of the order was sent to Mrs. Frank Maxwell, who 
is referred to as the president of the Club, and who was 
also president during two other later periods in the 
active life of this very helpful organization. We apolo- 
gize for associating this name with services rendered as 
long ago as the year 1909, and we offer in extenuation 
that it is given to some to bear important responsibilities 
ere the shadows have begun to shorten in promise of the 
noon-day; or the dews have vanished in response to the 
sun's warming rays. 

Knowing of no continuous record of the work of this 
organization, we have made inquiries that have revealed 
some facts of interest. When the Agnes Howard Hall 
was nearly completed in the summer of 1895, some of 
the good women of the town got together informally to 
do sewing on sheets, pillow cases, dresser scarfs, et cetera, 
for the rooms of the new dormitory. It is the impression 
that between the year 1895 and 1900, a formal organ- 
ization of the group was made and officers elected. 

Names given to the writer, of those who belonged to 
this early group of workers, are the following: Mrs. 
Charles L. Barlow, Mrs. E. J. Reger, Mrs. Pare Boggess, 
Mrs. E. J. Rider, Mrs. J. H. Hanson, Mrs. Victoria 
Steele, and Mrs. J. W. Heavner. 

No name entitled to be included in this list is inten- 
tionally omitted. It is likely, however, that our inquiry 
has not discovered every one of these voluntary helpers 
of the early days of the school. 

Mrs. Charles L. Barlow is believed to have been the 
first president of the College Club. As an organization 
they expanded their program to include the raising of 
funds for the purchase of material which they wrought 
with their hands and new equipment to replace worn- 
out pieces, or for additions to the original equipment. The 

162 West Virginia 

following are some of the things these women have 
done, or provided : Silver for the dining room, rugs, wall 
paper, linen for bed rooms and dining room, china, re- 
finished floors. In one period of ten years the club 
raised ten thousand dollars for such items as those men- 
tioned above. During other years the amount raised has 
varied between $200 and $500. In the present financial 
campaign the Club has pledged one thousand dollars 
which will include the cost of a new grand piano for the 
drawing room of the dormitory. 

The meetings of the Club are now held monthly in 
the new parlor of the Agnes Howard Hall. Besides the 
transaction of business, the program consists of a lecture 
or music, or both. Tea is served and a silver offering 
is taken at these meetings. 

Annually, for many years, on commencement day the 
members of the College Club have served luncheon on 
the Campus to commencement visitors. The silver offer- 
ings and the commencement luncheon are, perhaps, their 
two most important sources of revenue. Other sources 
are occasional sales of some kind, the sponsoring of a 
good picture at the theatre, and some cash contributions. 

There are no qualifications for membership in the 
College Club except the desire to have a part in the kind 
of service the Club is rendering. There is no list of en- 
rolled members; there are no dues. The commitment of 
the members to the aims and purposes of the organization 
is the chief influence holding the Club together. 

In the following list we try to give the different ad- 
ministrations of the work of the Club in order with the 
corresponding administrative heads : 

Mrs. Charles L. Barlow, Mrs. J. S. Withers, Mrs. 
Charles A. Bailey, Mrs. Elizabeth Arnold, Mrs. F. P. 
Maxwell, also two later periods; Mrs. T. W. Haught, 
also two later periods, including the present; Mrs. G. O. 
Young, Mrs. H. Roy Waugh, Mrs. J. B. Hilleary. 

Wesleyan College 163 

In the writer's mind there is associated with the names 
of these administrative leaders, the name of the late Miss 
Florence Leonard, who, for a goodly number of years, 
served as the treasurer of the Club. She regularly at- 
tended the monthly meetings and assisted on commence- 
ment day in serving the lunch on the campus. 


Perhaps the earliest organization to be listed under 
the caption above was a defacto ministerial association. 
Very soon after the organization of the work of the Sem- 
inary, President Hutchinson, from time to time, met the 
young men that were looking forward to the ministry 
as a profession. In these gatherings they discussed topics 
and problems related to their future work. It was also 
the aim of the President to help them to a proper con- 
ception of the noble and unselfish character of the call- 
ing they were electing to pursue. 

This organization first found expression in the cata- 
log of the school year 1894-95 in the following state- 
ment: "Students for the Christian ministry have formed 
a club for mutual improvement and instruction." 

At the time when the first Murmiirmontis was pub- 
lished in the year 1903, the name of the organization had 
become "The Epworth Ministerial Association." Of that 
date the Reverend L. M. Barnard was the president 
of the association and other members were: Arthur Ball, 
H. S. Bumgardner, E. M. Compton, C. E. Goodwin, T. 
J. Lewis, J. H. McCray, Roy McCuskey, E. B. Moore, 
G. W. Strothard, F. M. Thompson, C. O. Watson, J. E. 

The writer has the impression that, under whatever 
name, the organization has continued to function with 
little, if any, interruption to the present time ; and prob- 
ably with the same broad objectives with which it began. 

164 West Virginia 

The Mtirmurmontis of 1903 states that the Young 
Women's Christian Association was "organized on No- 
vember 16, 1900, by Miss Constance McCorkle, State 
Secretary of the Virginias. The following officers were 
elected: Lida Six, president; Eloise Roberts, vice-presi- 
dent; Bessie Cross, secretary; Stella Twyford, treasurer." 
There were twenty-eight charter members of the or- 

The officers for the year 1901-02 were as follows: 
Kittie Martin, president; Eloise Roberts, vice-president; 
Edna Jenkins, secretary; Stella Twyford, treasurer. For 
the year 1902-03 they were: Nellie Jane Albright, presi- 
dent; Bessie Cross, vice-president; Anna Morrison, sec- 
retary; Marie Vail, treasurer. 

Of the work of this organization, the publication 
quoted above has the following: 

The Association, since its beginning, is educating an orphaned 
girl in India. A Bible-study class, consisting of four of "The King's 
Daughters' Circles," is held weekly. The aim of our Young Women's 
Christian Association cannot be better stated than in the words of 
the constitution: "The object of this Association shall be the de- 
velopment of Christian character in its members, and the prosecution 
of active Christian work, particularly among the young women of 
the institution." 

Quoting again the Year Book number one : 

The Y. M. C. A. was organized in the spring of 1901. C. G. Fair 
was the first president and also a delegate to the Tri-State Conven- 
tion held in Wilmington, Delaware. The year following, F. M. Thomp- 
son was the president and he with Mr. (J. H.) Gorby were the dele- 
gates to the Tri-State Convention held in Wheeling. The Association 
from its organization has progressed. It started with a charter mem- 
bership of sixteen. It now has sixty. The first year it sent one dele- 
gate to the annual convention. This year it sent twenty-six. . . . 
Every Sunday afternoon a general students' meeting which has done 
much toward moulding the character of the institution is conducted 
under the auspices of the Y. W. and Y. M. C. A's. 

The Christian organizations discussed above, or their 
current equivalents, have been strongly helpful influ- 

Wesleyan College 165 

ences in the life of the school throughout the years. 

Certain changes in scheduled events of the school cal- 
endar having to do with religious meetings, and in 
types of evangelistic service, have been interesting to 
observe. It has also been interesting to speculate on the 
causes of these changes. 

Beginning, perhaps with the first commencement in 
1891, President Hutchinson planned what became known 
as the "Commencement love feast" for baccalaureate 
Sunday about two or three o'clock in the afternoon. It 
was a meeting well attended by serious and spiritually 
minded commencement visitors, a good percentage of 
the faculty, and a considerable number of students, espe- 
cially upper-classmen. There were congregational sing- 
ing, voluntary prayers, and the relating of religious ex- 
periences. During the first ten years, or possibly a little 
more, this meeting was well attended; but during the 
second decade of the school, in spite of well-meant ef- 
forts to keep this annual event alive, interest and at- 
tendance gradually declined to such a low level that it 
was deemed wise to discontinue this service as one of the 
commencement features. 

Another feature inaugurated at the outset was the 
weekly Sunday afternoon general students' meeting re- 
ferred to above in a quotation from the first Mumiur- 
montis. It was probably twenty years or more after the 
opening of the school that attendance on these meetings 
began to show a marked decline. A survey of the situa- 
tion held out the hope that to change the time of this 
service from three o'clock p. m. to an early evening hour 
would restore it to its former place of esteem with the 
student body. This was tried, but did not arrest the de- 
cline in interest and attendance. After a very few years 
of effort to restore the lost interest in this feature, it 
also was discontinued. 

166 West Virginia 

The writer is not ready to conclude that there is less 
spirituality than there was formerly among the groups 
that mainly composed the attendance at these two ex- 
tinct services. He is rather of the opinion that, with 
changed social and socio-economic conditions, the spirit- 
ual aspects of life call for a different type of ministra- 

In the early years of the school the evangelistic serv- 
ices, held once or more each year, were very strongly of 
the emotional type. It is probable that the religious back- 
ground of the students was the element that determined 
the character of the appeal that would reach and enlist 
them. Today it would take a master of the fine art of per- 
suasion to induce a student group to make a decision on 
the basis of emotion rather than of will and judgment. 
Here, also, it is the writer's conviction that a conversion 
which is a reasoned decision has a much better chance to 
become permanent and abiding than one that is the re- 
sult of emotional excitement. 


An organization of the Student Volunteer movement 
sponsored by President and Mrs. Wark, was founded 
in 1930, with Miss Laura Rymer as Chairman. The 
group on our campus is a part of the Western Pennsyl- 
vania and West Virginia Union and has been host a few 
times to the participating colleges. Present officers are: 

Sherwood Reiser, president; Grace Groves, vice-presi- 
dent; Vida Smith, secretary; and Ross Evans, treasurer. 

While the chief interest in this group is world mis- 
sions, it is quite alert to all forms of Christian enter- 
prise. Gospel team work has been encouraged and inter- 
esting programs have been carried on in surrounding 
churches where pastors have been willing to cooperate. 
One definite project which has proved quite worth while 
was the opening of a Church School and making the way 

Wesleyan College 167 

for other forms of religious work in a suburban territory 
known as the Ligget Addition. The financial assistance 
necessary was furnished by First Church, Buckhannon. 

The first part of this article was prepared by another 
more conversant than the writer with very recent re- 
ligious organizational work among the students of the 
College. The brief period of the existence of the organ- 
ization came as a surprise to one with an indistinct im- 
pression that this activity had a longer past. 

Delving again into old records, we found a precursor 
in both name and character. In the year 1910 an organ- 
ization, "The Wesleyan Volunteer Band," had made 
sufficient achievement to be recognized in the annual 
catalog of the College by the following announcement: 

The Wesleyan Volunteer Band is composed of young men and 
women of the college who expect to become foreign missionaries. 
Weekly meetings are held for study and inspiration in preparation 
for their work. 

The announcement of this student activity is found 
in eighteen consecutive catalogs, 1910-1927. It is omitted, 
so far as we have found, from the next nine, 1928-1936. 
There appears then in the catalog of 1937 the following: 


The Student Volunteer group is one of the most active organizations 
on Wesleyan's campus. This group of Christian young people work 
in many ways bringing together the students of Wesleyan College who 
are interested in promoting and living Christian lives. 

Without undertaking to be historically perfect in the 
premises, one sees implied in the nine-year hiatus of 
1928-1936 a decline of interest in this activity from, 
perhaps, the middle until the late twenties. The subse- 
quent organization of the group in 1930 implies a sub- 
stantial revival of interest; while its next appearance 
seven years later, in the catalog of 1937, implies that 
the original group may have had a similar previous his- 

168 West Virginia 

tory of a few years before it was accorded recognition 
in the catalog of 1910. 

The names of at least three young women, who were 
active in this group and who went into the missionary 
field for a while, come now to mind. These are Sadie 
Rexrode, Africa (deceased); Georgia Westfall, India 
(Mrs. E. O. McNulty); Donna Dorsey, Japan. These 
are mentioned as evidence that the organization had con- 
siderable vitality. At least one foreign student to grad- 
uate from Wesleyan attributed his choice of this College 
to his contact with one of these workers in his homeland. 


In the data secured from Dr. Hutchinson on the early 
organization of the Seminary he says of the literary 
societies : 

An important feature in the life of the Seminary during the first 
years was the work of the Literary Societies, which were organized 
soon after the opening of the first term. There were two fair sized 
rooms in the building which had been especially designed for lit- 
erary societies, with alcove and raised platform. 

The faculty took the roster of students and divided it into two 
lists, equal in number, assigning all students to one or the other. 
There were practically no requests made by students for permission 
to change from one group to the other, and both groups at once set 
about organizing by adopting names, constitutions, and electing offi- 

These societies were the Chrestomathean and the Excelsior. There 
was a healthy rivalry between them from the first — a rivalry that 
became so keen some years later, that it was thought best to abolish 
the practice of holding an annual contest. 

The societies were highly appreciated by the students, and did good 
work in debate, essay, and oration. Both societies, within two or 
three years, had furnished and equipped their rooms with carpets, 
chairs, tables, pianos, et cetera, purchased with funds which they had 
raised for these purposes. 

There were no Greek-letter fraternities, and the old-fashioned lit- 
erary societies were, at this period, still a prominent feature of college 
life. These societies continued to be popular with the students for 

Wesleyan College 169 

twenty years or more, and exerted a strong and fine influence in 
the school. 

With respect to a relationship existing between the de- 
cadence of the literary society with voluntary member- 
ship and the organiation of Greek-letter fraternities 
there is, perhaps, little doubt. But, how largely the fra- 
ternity was responsible for the waning of the work of the 
literary society is still an open question. When the writer 
was a student in the West Virginia University, fraterni- 
ties had been organized, and the waning of interest in the 
literary societies, the "Columbian" and the "Parthenon," 
had already set in. 

At Wesleyan College, while an occasional social group 
had been organized clandestinely and surreptitiously, 
fraternities were not authorized before the year 1925. 
Yet, for ten years before that date, the literary societies 
had been but little more than names and lingering mem- 
ories; they were not doing enough serious work to justify 
their continued existence and, for all practical purposes, 
they were extinct. 

Very early in the history of the organized work of the 
school, during the period of the spirited contests men- 
tioned by Dr. Hutchinson, some of those designated by 
their societies to participate in the contests would seek 
the services of a trained teacher to develop in them a plat- 
form presence and manner, and to coach them in de- 
livering their messages in a forceful and convincing 
way. Closely following this beginning, the school added 
to its offerings the opportunity for students to take 
training in the practice and art of speaking, but with- 
out giving credit for it in the liberal arts or science 
courses. A little later still, the work in this field was 
held in such esteem that not only was credit given for it, 
but a stipulated amount of it was required for gradu- 
ation in nearly all courses. 

170 West Virginia 

The classroom of the teacher in this field became the 
laboratory for the student's exercises in speaking. He now 
enjoyed the skilled service of an efficient teacher; he was 
also rewarded for his efforts by having his work, if 
good, counted among his credits toward graduation. Now 
it seems to the writer that there was a close correlation 
in time between the waning of interest in the literary 
societies and the waxing of interest in the work that has 
culminated in the department of public speaking in the 

The writer, looking at the status of the case in this 
way, is of the opinion that it has been greatly improved 
by the change from the purely voluntary and sometimes 
irresponsible functioning of the student in the literary 
society, to a responsible relation to an orderly classroom 
procedure. It is not now possible for one to put his finger 
on the calendar at the date when these organizations 
passed quietly away ; but it is certain that they are gone 
and, except for the sentiment, unlamented. 

Wesleyan College 171 


The following are the names of those who have served 
in the capacity of Dean of Women, with their approx- 
imate periods of service indicated. The title given in 
the catalogs is as follows: Preceptress, 1895-1900; Lady 
Principal, 1900-1904; Preceptress, 1904-1906; Dean of 
Women, 1906-. Because the duties were essentially the 
same under whatever title, they are all listed here to- 

May Esther Carter 1895-1901 

M. Pearl Cline 1901 

Helen G. Wetmore 1901-1903 

Lowa M. Dorr 1903-1905 

Emma McKean 1905-1906 

Grace M. Wyman 1906-1916 

Mary E. Shipman 1916-1919 

Edna M. Smith 1919-1922 

Lillian Maloney 1922-1924 

Florence W. Stemple 1924-1926 

Rachel C. Ogden 1926-1931 

Marie Brethorst 1931-1932 

Mrs. C. Edmund Neil 1932- 


There are no very satisfactory records of the early 
athletic events and organizations of the school. During 
several years the major part of the school ground was re- 
served for a cow-pasture and the students did not chal- 
lenge bossy's rights and privileges with any of their 
own organized activities. 

The front slope of the campus between Administra- 
tion Hall and College Avenue was without trees or 
shrubbery during the first few years. At the same time, 
the trees planted on the southwest corner area of the 

172 West Virginia 

campus were very small. The writer recalls that volun- 
tary groups of students interested in baseball would 
assemble and practice on this area. The home plate, de- 
fined, perhaps, by scarifying the turf with the end of a 
baseball bat, was near the location of the roots, still 
visible, of the pine that died and was removed a few 
years ago. From the home plate, the pitcher's imaginary 
mound and second base were in the general direction of 
the sundial circle. 

A little later, after the erection of the dormitory, a 
tennis court was made, two or three rods distant from 
that building and just to the Meade Street side of the 
walk leading straight away. All activities on these two 
areas were intramural. Of the two places, the baseball 
field and the tennis court, the latter had the distinction 
and the advantage of being somewhat more of a social 
center. Although the court was designed especially for 
the girls resident in the dormitory, the young men often 
found it in their convenient line of travel between their 
rooms and the school. 

A little later still, yet prior to the time of the fire that 
destroyed the original building, basketball was organ- 
ized. Games were played in the auditorium located on 
the third floor of the building. To condition it for this 
use, the windows and perhaps the lamps were protected 
with a wire covering. The writer is not certain, but has 
the impression that some of these games may have been 
played with teams from other schools. 

The writer acknowledges his indebtedness to Coach 
Ross, H. H. Withers, and James Ellis for their fine co- 
operation in gathering data on the early history of ath- 
letics in Wesleyan. This material is essentially the same 
as that published in the Pharos of date November 23, 

It was revealed, upon making a check-up on this ma- 
terial for accuracy, that three of the men listed as 

Wesleyan College 173 

players on the original football team first entered the 
school in the autumn of 1899. Two of the three were 
local men and, according to the standards of the time, 
might have played on the team in 1898. The third man 
lived a hundred miles away and probably never saw 
Buckhannon before he came to matriculate as a student. 
Of the other two, the one still living in Buckhannon is 
certain that he did not play on the team before he ma- 
triculated in 1899. All the members of the team, as 
named by Mr. Withers, were registered students in the 
school year 1899-1900. In every other particular the ma- 
terial given to the writer has stood any test of accuracy he 
has been able to apply to it. Mr. Withers approves the date 
1899 for that history-making game. The players were 
as follows: Ends, O. C. Post, Charles Sanford; tackles, 
Frank Parrack, I. Emory Ash; guards, Archie Hall, 
Gilbert Friend; halfbacks, C. J. Hyer, H. White, Coach; 
quarterback, Horace Withers; fullback, Frank Thomp- 
son; center, unidentified, but showing a fine shock of 
hair in the team picture taken in the snapping-off posi- 

In the data supplied by Mr. Withers on this first foot- 
ball team and first game, it is indicated that Mr. White, 
the coach who played halfback on the team in the initial 
game, was an alumnus of West Virginia University. He 
is a brother of Mrs. W. S. O'Brien and of the late Dr. 
White who practiced medicine in Buckhannon. Having 
been an athlete of note in the University and having 
come here to begin the practice of law, it was but natural 
that he should be sought out and his cooperation enlisted 
by the young men especially interested in football. The 
team played its first game with a railroad-surveying 
corps made up largely of ex-college men and at the time 
pursuing their work near Buckhannon. 

The team playing this first game is described as at- 
tired for the event in "odds and ends" made up mostly 

174 West Virginia 

of baseball suits. Dr. J. F. Williams of Clarksburg, who 
played on the team a few years later, is quoted to the 
effect that the members of the team, on which he played, 
purchased their own uniforms. 

Athletics apparently did not have the official recog- 
nition of the school until the autumn of 1902. The Sep- 
tember issue of the Seminary Collegiate of that year con- 
tains the following: 

September the eleventh was truly a Red Letter Day at the Sem- 
inary. Athletics is a recognized part of student life. 

On the above named day the President kindly extended the chapel 
hour to give opportunity for a meeting of the entire school with a view 
to perfecting the organization of an Athletic Association. 

Prof. Broyles, as temporary chairman, Prof. Haught and Mr. F. 
M. Thompson made inspiring addresses, enthusiastically urging a per- 
manent organization. Then followed the election of officers with these 
results: President, I. Emory Ash; Secretary, Miss Nellie Jane Al- 
bright; Treasurer, Professor Stathers; Board of Directors, the elec- 
tive officers and Messrs. Thomas Curry, Otis Fling and S. R. Poe. 

A Constitution and By-laws were read and unanimously adopted. 

Later in the day a meeting of the Board of Directors was held, at 
which Mr. Hugh S. Byrer was appointed Manager of the football team, 
and other important business was transacted. 

Preparations for active work along different lines are well under 

The football team is doing daily duty under the efficient coaching 
of Mr. Peck of the W. V. U. Mr. Peck is working hard and thinks there 
is material for a good team here. 

Arrangements are being made to have a baseball coach in the 
near future. 

Tennis courts are being arranged, while basketball and other gym- 
nastics are already in progress. 

A great deal of correspondence has been done, and several match 
games have been conditionally arranged. 

The first Mtirmumwntis, issued in the year 1903 by 
the junior class, contains the following set-up of the foot- 
ball team of 1902: 

Manager, H. S. Byrer 

Coaches, Peck and Kenna 

Center, Ash 

Wesleyan College 175 

Left Guard, Gibson Right Guard> Wi n iams 

Left Tackle, Hall Right Tackle, Lewis & Lynch 

Left End, Fling Right End( A K Brake 

Quarter Back, 0. C. Post 

Left Half Back, Mearns Right Half Back, C. W. Post 

Full Back, Thompson (Capt.) 

Substitutes, Heavner, McCue, Gilmore, Marts. 

In the annual quoted, the team named above is desig- 
nated as the "Sem First" Football Team. The context 
clearly indicated that no recognition is given to any team 
of earlier date and that "First" is not used to distinguish 
it from the so-called "Second" team of the same season. 
The position taken is probably correct from the school's 
standpoint of the official recognition of athletics; but 
from the standpoint of the historian, the pioneer in any 
field is justly entitled to a fair measure of recognition. 

Following the organization of an athletic association 
in September, 1902, no mention seems to have been made 
in the catalog of the athletic activities prior to the issue 
of 1905. In that issue are listed eight formal statements 
of eligibility requirements and prohibitions to be ob- 
served by the students who were candidates for member- 
ship on any of the athletic teams. A reading of these 
statements leaves one with the impression that about all 
of them grew out of abuses by the members of teams or 
complaints made by parents of students, or by friends of 
the school. 

No write-up of the school's athletic activities appears 
in the catalog prior to the issue of 1908, the first year of 
President Doney's administration. In that issue, about 
one page, just preceding the statement of the rules gov- 
erning athletic eligibility, is devoted to a discussion of 
an athletic program for the school. 

Five years after the first write-up of athletics in the 
catalog, there appeared in the issue of 1913 the first rec- 
ognition of an athletic director and coach as a member 
of the faculty of the school. From this point to the pres- 

176 West Virginia 

ent, the writer believes the major development in the 
realm of athletics has been toward the establishment and 
maintenance of a department of Physical Education for 
the health and well-being of all the students and with 
athletics as one of its several aspects. 

During a period of years, nearly equal emphasis was 
placed upon football and baseball with possibly some- 
what less emphasis on basketball. The public interest in 
baseball then declined, and activity in that sport de- 
clined with it. Gate receipts are rather important in keep- 
ing alive an intercollegiate sport. With the decline of in- 
terest in baseball, basketball and tennis advanced per- 
haps to second and third places respectively on the sport 

No attempt is made in this narrative to follow the for- 
tunes of the athletic teams through the years. Wesleyan's 
teams have, perhaps, had their share of successes in the 
field of intercollegiate sports. It is wholesome that there 
is so little evidence now of the once prevalent spirit that 
the long end of the score is of greater consequence than 
integrity and fair dealing. An honest and capable coach, 
surviving a few years that are lean as measured by the 
scoreboard, is a part of the same picture. 

A suitable aim, it seems to the writer, is a physical 
education program that reaches and benefits, as nearly 
as possible, all the students of the college ; and also the 
best possible athletic teams that can be developed from 
the normal personnel of the student body. 


From the beginning of the active life of the school, 
the building up of an endowment that would materially 
supplement the income from tuitions and fees has been 
the dream of its friends and the conscious aim of its 

Campus View from Entrance to Agnes Howard Hall 

Wesleyan College 177 

Elsewhere in this narrative is found an account of the 
first large-scale campaign for endowment funds — that 
of the year 1916-17 for the half-million fund. Refer- 
ence has also been made to the campaign now under way 
to add one million to the resources of the College in en- 
dowment and other assets. 

Figures gathered from the records, with the cooper- 
ation of Mr. A. L. Aylesworth, the Treasurer of the Col- 
lege, reveal the appraised value of the endowment at ir- 
regular intervals from 1903 to 1938. These in thousands 
of dollars are as follows: 

1903 $ 45,000 

1905 60,000 

1915 .. 123,000 

1 922 5 1 7,000 

1925 569,000 

1926 627,000 

1929 697,000 

1938 532,000 

The decline within the last interval is due to the inev- 
itable depreciation of values during the industrial depres- 
sion prevailing more or less throughout this period. In 
all instances given above the productive endowment is 
much less than the total. 

We anticipate that the addition of the major part of a 
million dollars from the receipts of the present campaign, 
to the existing productive endowment, will inaugurate a 
new era of numerical growth and material development 
in the College. 

^ 8 West Virginia 



PHAROS, 1904- 

In the early nineties President Hutchinson published 
from time to time a small news bulletin. News of inter- 
est, such as registration figures, important occasions of 
the school year, lectures and entertainments, recognition 
of contributions and other gratuities, and suggestions on 
the further needs of the Seminary, appeared in the pages 
of this bulletin. This bulletin was probably distributed 
by inclosing it with the letters going out from his office. 
The writer knows of no copy of these early bulletins now 
in existence. A short historical sketch found in the first 
Murmurmontis (1904), gives the name of this early 
publication as The Seminary Herald and states that it 
was issued in the years 1892, 1893, and 1894. From this 
source we learn also that students W. H. Franklin and 
C. H. King, about January or February, 1900, initiated 
the movement resulting in the publication of the Sem- 
inary Collegiate. 1 1 is not stated there that these men be- 
came the first managing editors of this publication, but 
the implication is that they did. The first is Professor of 
English now in Marshall College. The second is in the 
ministry and a member of the Genesee Conference. 

The writer has yet a few copies of the student publica- 
tion, The Seminary Collegiate, of the school year 1902- 
1903. They are numbered, "Volume IV." Counting back, 
it would appear that the publication of volume one was 
begun in the school year 1899-1900. In the year 1902-03 
the paper was of small magazine form and was published 
monthly, beginning in September and ending in June, 
there being ten issues in the year. 

Wesleyan College 179 

The managing editors, for the year 1901-02, were 
George C. Kellar and Walter Barnes. The first is today 
a citizen, and former mayor, of the city of Flint. Mi- 
chigan. The second is Professor of English in New York 

For the year 1902-03 the managing editors were 
George C. Kellar and I. Emory Ash. Dr. Ash is 
Professor of Education in Ohio University at Athens, 
Ohio. These managing editors continued without change 
through the school year 1903-04. 

C. E. Goodwin and J. F. Throckmorton were the man- 
aging editors during the year 1904-05. The first was the 
late Dr. Goodwin, member of the West Virginia Con- 
ference. The second is an attorney, practicing in the city 
of Parkersburg. These managing editors had charge of 
the paper during the following year also. 

The writer has the impression that the managing ed- 
itors of that time had some sort of proprietorship in the 
paper. The first organization was probably financed by 
the managing editor. When he completed his residence 
in the school, or for other reason wished to relinquish his 
editorship, he transferred it to some one else for a con- 
sideration. This would account for the tenure of the po- 
sition running through two or possibly three years. 

It was in the year 1904-05 that the change of name 
occurred. The school had become a college under the 
crushing name of "Wesleyan University of West Vir- 
ginia." The former name of the publication, Seminary 
Collegiate, suggestive of our aspirations to "go collegi- 
ate," was outmoded. The end had been attained. 

The minutes of the faculty for September 16, 1904, 
bear the record that Mr. Throckmorton appeared before 
that body and, having presented three names that had 
been suggested for the paper, asked the advice of the 
faculty in making a selection. The three names suggested 
are not recorded. 

180 West Virginia 

The faculty appointed a committee to choose a name 
for the paper. This committee consisted of Miss Jessie 
Trotter from the faculty, the two managing editors, 
Messrs. Throckmorton and Goodwin, and the writer of 
this narrative. In respect to this matter the minutes of 
the next meeting of the faculty say simply, "The name, 
PHAROS, was reported chosen for the school paper." 

The writer does not know of any complete file of the 
Seminary Collegiate and the Pharos. He has in his own 
possession sixteen numbers from the years 1902-06. These 
he expects to offer to the College Library when more 
generous library quarters make it possible to take care 
of them and others of their kind. He is also willing to 
act as agent to receive and hold for that time similar con- 
tributions from Alumni and other friends of the school 
who, having copies, say of twenty years or more ago, are 
willing to donate them. 

Lacking information necessary to trace subsequent 
changes in the organization and management of the 
paper, we note simply that for several years it was issued 
as a weekly publication, and that at the present time it 
appears bi-weekly. 

In the year 1906-07 or 1907-08 an effort was made to 
discover a poet in the college student body. We presume 
the effort was sponsored by the Pharos, for the induce- 
ment was held out that the person writing the best ac- 
ceptable college song should be awarded a lifetime sub- 
scription to this College publication. Mr. George N. 
Steyer, of the class of 1909. was adjudged the winner. 
He produced the song bearing the name of the College, 
and set to the music of "Maryland, my Maryland." 

Some time ago we wrote to Mr. Steyer. He corroborat- 
ed our impression, but, answering as to whether he had 
received the paper through the years, said that it had 
arrived only very irregularly in recent years. He at- 
tributed this result to the fact that, with the passing 

Wesleyan College 181 

years, managers responsible for distributing the Pharos 
were probably unfamiliar with the original plan. When 
he came East a year or two ago we noted that he visited 
the campus before his return. His address, probably per- 
manent, at the time of our correspondence was Route 6, 
Box 217 A, Fresno, California. 


The first school annual published by the students ap- 
peared in May, 1903, and is the handiwork of the Sem- 
inary Class of 1904. For richness in historical data about 
the school it is, probably, not excelled by any subsequent 
issue. This may be due in a measure to the fact that it 
had a clear field, being the first, and any material the 
staff wished to use was original. However, the members 
of the staff are remembered as being quite resourceful. 
They would, no doubt, have acquitted themselves with 
credit on any issue of the book. 

The names of the members of the editorial staff of 
volume number one, only, will be given in this brief 
article on the history of the annual. They are: 

Charles A. Jones Editor-in-Chief 

Annie May Hardman Assistant Editor-in-Chief 

A. F. McCue - Business Manager 

Associate Editors 

J. V. Gibson Athletics 

Sherman Britton Associate 

Daisy Smith Associate 

Madge Chidester Music 

Anna Morrison Literature 

Herbert Blair Literature 

R. Harold Sigler Photography 

It is our impression that the suggestion for the name 
that appears at the head of this article came from Dr. 
Trotter of the faculty. Every student took his Latin in 

182 West Virginia 

those days and the editors felt no need of rendering the 
name into English. In these degenerate days it is differ- 
ent. Perhaps a liberal rendering is "the voice of the 
mountain," the particular forms employed to construct 
the name being chosen for their alliterative effect. 

An annual has been published each year, with a very 
few possible exceptions, since 1903. Perhaps one year was 
skipped about the time of the World War, and one or 
two at about the worst period of the present depression 
since 1929. 

We regret to note, as in the case of the Pharos, that 
there is no complete file of the Murmurmontis kept by 
the College. We express the hope that, when in the near 
future adequate library room becomes available, inter- 
ested alumni and other friends will complete the very 
imperfect file now on hand. 


Written by the Reverend John W. Reger and published 
in the Pittsburgh Christian Advocate, March 3, 1887 

The above caption and the resolutions of the West Virginia Confer- 
ence at its last session, have led me to hope that in the near future 
we would have established within our own Conference a school of high 
grade, where the youth of our young and growing state could secure a 
good education. Our preachers and people have long felt, and do now 
keenly feel, the importance and growing necessity of such a school. 
Each year we spend thousands of dollars for educational purposes out- 
side our own state and Conference, thereby building up towns and 
cities elsewhere to the impoverishment of our own. And in my opinion, 
owing to this system of foreign education we each year lose some of 
our most promising young men. And I would not be surprised if in 
this we have the reason why so many of our preachers transfer to 
other Conferences. They realize their utter inability to do anything 
for their families, outside of affording them the facilities for securing 
an education; but this they cannot do within the bounds of their own 
Conference, and not having the means of sending them elsewhere, 
they seek other fields of labor, hoping to better themselves in this 

Wesleyan College 183 

We now have forty thousand members within the bounds of our Con- 
ference who of right look to us with anxious eyes, hoping, and many 
of them praying, that we will afford them educational advantages 
within their own Conference and state. Will we do it? Will we act? Will 
we arouse from this lethargy, and meet our grave responsilities? Ten 
years ago we raised in the town of Buckhannon, then not half so large 
as it is now, eight thousand dollars in available subscriptions; and I 
have no doubt that it would have been doubled had the Conference lo- 
cated the Seminary at this place. And munificent sums were offered 
at other points, greatly in excess, I suppose, of what could now be 

In the location of the Seminary, the paramount consideration is, 
where will it afford educational advantages to the greatest number 
of our people, all things else being equal. And unless the men deputed 
to do this work can rise above local influences and local prejudices, 
and discard bargain and sale, there is great danger of their making 
a sad and irreparable mistake. They should look well to the future 
of our Conference and state, when we will have eighty thousand Meth- 
odists, and these mountain counties, the Switzerland of America, shall 
teem with a wide-awake population, and our mountain state shall take 
the place assigned it by the God of nations, and when we shall fur- 
nish statesmen to sister states, as we are now furnishing ministers to 
sister Conferences. We have the bone, the muscle, and the intellect; 
will our Conference wisely arrange for us educational facilities? 

The northern tier of counties in our Conference have superior edu- 
cational advantages near at hand, in old and well established institu- 
tions under the control and patronage of our Church; and hence the 
location of the seminary within that belt would not materially increase 
their educational privileges, and surely none will assert that it would 
meet the pressing demands of our interior counties. Besides, it would 
be a difficult, if not hopeless, undertaking to establish and maintain 
a seminary under such disadvantages. Years ago we tried the experi- 
ment in the Morgantown Female Seminary, and, as everyone knows, 
it proved an utter failure. Why? Because it was in the shadow of an 
old and well-established institution. And the same applies to the Wheel- 
ing Female Seminary. True, it has not failed entirely; but it has never 
succeeded in becoming a leading school. 

A grave mistake was made, in my opinion, when the Conference 
adopted such action as was calculated to lead our people to believe 
that the seminary would be located at the place giving the largest 
money or property inducement. Any one free from local influences 
can see — so it appears to me — that in adopting this course the seminary 
may be located where our people, for numerous reasons which might 
be given, would not or could not patronize it. But without extended 
argument, I reaffirm that the paramount question to be settled is, 
Where will this Seminary be most accessible, and afford the greatest 

184 West Virginia 

educational advantages to the youth of our Conference? I maintain 
that this can be done more effectively, and that it would more effect- 
ually build up our state and Conference, in the interior than on the 

Pittsburgh Christian Advocate, June 30, 1887, Judge 
Samuel Woods, of the Supreme Court of Appeals of 
West Virginia, as quoted by the Rev. A. J. Lyda on 
choosing a site for the Seminary. (The site was chosen 
on July 14, following — the Author.) 

Could I have my way I would have at least one-hundred acres. I 
would put a wide space between the Seminary grounds and the shops, 
drugstores, and saloons. I would have abundant room for the school 
buildings proper. I would have room for a laboratory, library, observa- 
tory, museum, gymnasium, dormitories, boarding houses, residences for 
teachers and professors; room for flower-gardens, pleasure-grounds, 
promenades, groves, walks and drives. I would make the school and 
its surroundings so pleasant and delightful to the youths of both sexes 
who will throng its halls of learning, that they would love its mem- 
ory, as old men love to recall the memory of their mothers' voice and 

Pittsburgh Christian Advocate, July 28, 1887. 

Thursday afternoon (July 14) the Seminary was located at Buck- 
hannon, on the thirty-second ballot, a two-thirds vote of the entire 
board of trustees (membership sixteen) being required to decide the 

Nine of the trustees left Philippi at 5 o'clock in private conveyances, 
and, after riding eighteen miles arrived at Buckhannon at 10 P.M., 
and devoted Friday, Saturday and Monday to viewing and discussing 
several sites (for the school). 

Adapted from the Buckhannon Delta, of Wednesday, 
October 8, 1890: 

The M. E. Conference, which was in session at Weston, came to 
Buckhannon in a body last Saturday for the purpose of dedicating the 
Seminary at this place. Coming by special train, they arrived about 
ten o'clock and repaired immediately to the Seminary building where 
interesting services were held. Several addresses were made on the sub- 
ject of education, Bishop Foss and Reverend W. R. White being among 
the speakers. Contributions amounting to about $2,500 were received 

Wesleyan College 185 

for the Seminary. The members of the conference were entertained 
by the citizens of Buckhannon for dinner. 

A large number of people were in attendance from the town and 
surrounding country besides those who came on the special train from 
Weston. In all, there were probably twenty-five hundred people in at- 
tendance. The large chapel was full and many could not be accommo- 
dated. This building is a grand structure and is justly the pride of 
our people. 

186 West Virginia 


For the fulfillment of the semi-centennial plans a 
comprehensive committee was chosen representing the 
following five groups and organizations: trustees, fac- 
ulty, and alumni of the College; ministers and laymen 
of the conference. The personnel of this committee is 
given below : 

Dr. J. E. Wells, Chairman Mr. Myron B. Hymes 
Mr. Phil Conley Mr. E. Ray Jones 

Dr. L. H. Chrisman Dr. Nicholas Hyma 

Dr. T. W. Haught 


Rev. W. S. Patterson Dr. Joseph McElhatton 

Mr. R. Worth Shumaker 

Dr. Homer E. Wark Rev. John L. Wolfe 

Rev. R. O. Phillips Rev. W. E. Anderson 

Mr. C. H. Hartley Mr. Roy Reger 

Mr. W. F. Dalzell 

Bishop Adna W. Leonard 
President Roy McCuskey 

Mr. Clyde O. Law, President, Board of Trustees 
Rev. John E. Hanifan, Alumni Secretary 

Subsequently, the names of Mjr. A. G. Shannon and 
Professor G. L. Glauner were added to the list of lay- 
men. John E. Hanifan, as Alumni Secretary, was re- 
placed by Arthur E. Beckett, who in turn was replaced 
by Floyd N. Shaver, the present Alumni Secretary. 

Wesleyan College 187 



Academies, number of 18 

Academies supported by the Methodist Episcopal Church 18 

Administration Building 148 

Administrations, comparative length of 77 

Agnes Howard Hall 102, 137, 143 

Agriculture on the campus 70 

Ahlgren, Harold N. I 36 

Alexander, Cecelia 118, 130 

Arbuthnot, S. K. 88 

Architect employed 49 

Arthur, R. A. 23, 29 

Asbury Academy 18, 19, 20 

Assets, 1908, 1915 80, 81 

Association of University Women 1° 3 

Atha, W. H. 54 

Atkinson, Geo. W. 36, 40, 103, 143 

Athletics 171 

Bailie, John 40 

Bardall, J. C. 42, 49, 51, 64 

Barnes, John A. 41, 46, 64, 65, 68 

Bartlett, James P. 22 

Battelle, Gordon 21, 22, 23, 24 

Bedford, J. W. 

Berry, P. J. 

Bishop, C. M. 

Blakeney, J. B. 

Board of Trustees 


Boatman, H. P. 41 

Boette, Marie D. 135 

Boreman, A. J. 38 

Bos, Jacob 94 > 126 

Boyers, S. L. 70 

Boys' Dormitory 1° 2 

Brockunier, C. W. 65 

Brown, Ralph C. 125 

Bryan, James A. 21 

Buckhannon Delta 184 

Building Committee of the Seminary 49 

Callahan's History of West Virginia 31 

Carder, Roscoe Hamilton 134 

Carper, Daniel and W. F. 46 

Casteele, D. T. E. 54, 55 

Centennial Celebration of the Church 155 

Chrestomathean Literary Society 168 

188 West Virginia 

Chrisman, L. H. 96, 121 

Christian Organizations 163 

Clark, Mrs. A. J. 86 

Clark, Dr. H. D. 85 

Cokeley, Addie M. 135 

College Bell 149 

College Club 160 

Committee on Architect and Plans 48 

Conference Minutes Quoted 23, 25, 26, 27, 29, 36-44 

Conference Seminary 36, 37, 38, 39, 41 

Connelly, Chas. W. 29 

Conner, John 25 

Courses of Study 55 

Criss, Aaron 22 

Croll, Geo., contractor for foundation 50 

Curfew 62 

Curry, Ora Douglas 130 

Cutshall, E. Guy 93 

Davis, John M. 40 

Davisson, Isabelle J. and Peter G. 24 

Dawson, Samuel R. 34 

Deans of Women 171 

Deck, James J. 94, 114 

Dedication of the Seminary 184 

Dix, D. H. K. 38 

Doney, Carl Gregg 77, 175 

Drummond, James 24, 29 

Ebert, Walter 34 

Educational Society of Western Virginia 32 

Endowment campaign 87 

Endowment data 176 

Epworth Leagues, contributions from 139 

Erecting the first building 48 

Evans, Phoebe Marie 135 

Excelsior Literary Society 168 

Faculty of Northwestern Virginia Academy 24 

Faculty of Wesleyan College 110 

Faculty tenures of one decade or longer 110 

Fairmont Male and Female Seminary 27 

Financial Campaign of 1939, magnitude and objectives 108 

Financing the first building enterprise 50 

Fire destroys the Seminary building 148 

Fitzwater, W. M. 40 

Fleming, Dr. Wallace Bruce 85 

Foss, Bishop Cyrus D. 64 

Fraternities organized 96 

Wesleyan College igo 

Fullerton, J. A 46> 51> 52 64> 155 

Geisey, M. F., architect 138 

George, A. C. 38 39 

Glauner, George Lease _ 128 

Goff, Nathan 24 34" gg, 41 

Goodwin, C. E. _ 107 

Graham, C. B. _ i38 

Gymnasium, the _ 151 

Haggerty, W. A. _^ 78 

Hallam, William A. l 3 j 

Hamnett, Jonathan _.__ 22 

Hamrick, Randall B. _ 155 

Hanson, J. H. 42 

Harding, Clare, architect 150 

Harmer, Harvey W., on purchases of Randolph Academy 21, 106 

Harper, Charles A. 22 

Hathaway, Winnie 136 

Haught. Thomas W. _ 112 

Haymond, Colonel Sydney 154 

Haymond, Mrs. Sydney i43 154 

Haymond. Mrs. Nancy 8 g 

Haymond, Henry, History of Harrison County 23, 25 

Haymond Science Hall 1 43 151 153 

Helwig, 0. H. ' n6 

High School Athletic Association _ J5 3 

Hite, Geo. E. 42 

Hovey, H. W. 40 

Howard, Agnes and Edna _ i 43 

Howard, C. D. -~I"~%S~U3, 144 

Howard, Elsie and Helen _ 144 

Hughes, R. M. 99 

Hughes, W. W. _ 8g 90 


Bennett W. __ 52, 55, 59, 61, 65, 67, 68. 137, 138, 140, 142, 163, 165, 168 

Hutchinson, Mrs. Bennett W. 54> 55 

Hyma, Nicholas _ 94 122 

Incorporation of the Board of Trustees 43 

Jackson, M. 48 

Jelly, J. J. ~S__~_ 145 

Jordan, L. H. 40 , 46, 48, 49, 51, 64, 65, 138 

Judson, James Edward _ j 3 £ 

Karickhoff, 0. E. _ 123 

Kent, Ida V. ~ 54 

Kerns, Blanch C. 130 

King, Lillie g 2 

Laing, Mrs. Sarah C. gg 

190 West Virginia 

Lakin, C. H. 42 

Lambert, 0. D. 132 

Law, Clyde 0. 107 

Lazenby, Evelyn 130 

Legislature of Virginia, Acts of 1852 34 

Legislature of West Virginia, Acts of 1873 27 

Leonard, Levi 42, 46, 140 

Lewis, Charles 24, 34 

List, H. K. 38, 42, 66 

List, Hettie 86 

Location and grounds chosen 46 

Logan, Henry 42 

Lyda, A. J. 42, 44, 46, 47, 51, 64, 155, 184 

Lynch, Charles W. 42, 85, 143 

McCarty, Edward 29 

McCauley, Helen 24 

McCormick, S. P. 42, 49, 64 

McCuskey, Roy C. 106 

McDaniel, Frank 83 

McFarland, Maude 54 

McGrew, J. C. 42 

Mclver, D. M. and Mrs. Alma G. 54 

McWhorter, H. C. 40, 46, 49, 51, 64 

Martin, Alexander 23, 34 

Martin, B. F. 46, 48, 51, 52, 64, 65, 66, 68, 138 

Martin, Gideon 24, 29 

Martin, L. A. 40 

Masden, C. P. 40 

Maxwell, Mrs. Frank 86, 161 

Medford, Thomas 40 

Miller, Carl V. 94 

Miller, T. C, History of Education in West Virginia 25 

Mills, W. O. 113, 150 

Monroe, Thomas H. 24, 29 

Morgan, Philip W. 36 

Mt. Hebron School 19, 20 

Munford, George W. 35 

Murmurmontis 181 

Music Hall 145 

Muzzy, Frank E. 121 

Neil, Mrs. C. Edmund 133 

Normal and Classical Academy 113 

North Central Association of Colleges 98 

Northwestern Virginia Academy 21, 25 

Nuttall, We 40 

O'Blenness, Henry, contractor 50 

Wesleyan College 191 

Ogden, J. F. 53, 55, 56, 69 

Ogden, Rachel C. 130, 171 

Ohio Conference, educational work of 18, 20 

Ohio Wesleyan University Library 20 

Option on Site in North Buckhannon 46 

Organizations to Promote Christian Ideals and Service 163 

Orwen, E. H. 44, 46, 51, 64, 155 

Parkersburg Sentinel 21 

Patterson, J. S. 29 

Pharos, the 178 

Phillips, D. E. 54 

Pickens, Denver C. 107 

Pierpont, Francis H. 29 

Pipe Organ, Installation of 103 

Pittsburgh Christian Advocate 182, 184 

Post, Mrs. Wm. 86 

Poundstone, A. M. 40, 46, 48, 49, 51, 64, 65, 68 

Prickett, S. R. D. 42 

Prospectus published 55 

Purchase of grounds for the school 42 

Raine, John 88 

Randolph Academy, sale of 22 

Recognition Sought in Standardizing Agency 96 

Reemsnyder, David Echols 134 

Reger, Carl, architect 145 

Reger, John W. 41, 46, 49, 51, 61, 64, 65, 66, 68, 182 

Reger, Roy, first student enrolled 62 

Riheldaffer, W. G. 40 

Roberts, L. W. 147 

Rohrbough, A. B. 46, 51, 64 

Ross, Alice Nason 124 

Ross. Cecil B. 129 

Ryan, E. W. 38 

Saucier, Weems A. 134 

School Journal quoted on the Mt. Hebron School 19 

Schoolcraft, Arthur Allen 134 

Scott, C. F. 40, 42 

Scott, R. Ray 124 

Semi-Centennial Committee 186 

Seminary Building Committee 49 

Seminary Collegiate 178 

Seminary Herald 178 

Shaeffer. G. C. 40 

Smith, Wesley 24 

Snodgrass, Leta 119 

Snodgrass, W. C. 40 

192 West Virginia 

Sorton, Edgar 135 

Steele, Harold Glendon 134 

Steele, Samuel 38, 41, 155 

Stevens, Ashby 29 

Stewart, L. L. 46, 51, 64 

Stoffel, E. E. 94 

Student Army Training Corps 88, 147, 153 

Student Volunteers 166 

Sturgiss, Geo. C. 40 

Survey of Enrollment and Graduating Classes 73 

Sweet, W. W., declines presidency 97 

Swisher, B. F. 40 

Tavenner, Emma B. 53, 55 

Tavenner, Judge L. N. 21 

Teets, J. L. 94 

Titchenel, Moses 24, 34 

Tournament, the 152 

Trotter, F. B. 54, 55, 59, 68, 78, 111, 150, 181 

Trotter, Jessie 112 

Trustees, Board of, and names 155-160 

Tuition in the "olden time" 57 

Virginia General Assembly Creates Educational Society 

of Western Virginia 34 

Wallace, Geo. Selden, History of Cabell County 20 

Wark, Homer E. 98, 102, 103, 104 

Webb, J. Wesley 38 

Wells, E. W. 49, 50 

Wesley Foundation 102 

Wesleyan University of West Virginia 74, 75, 156 

West Virginia Conference Seminary 182 

Wheeling Female College 61 

White, C. E. 117 

White, W. R. 28, 29, 38, 41, 46, 48, 64, 66, 184 

Wier, John 73, 149 

Wilding, Geo. C. 40, 52 

Williams, John A. 138 

Williamson, W. T. 107 

Wilson, W. A. 42, 64 

Windmill, the 141 

Withers, J. S. 64, 138 

Withrow and Company, builders 150 

Woods, Samuel 46, 47, 51, 64, 65, 66, 68, 89, 184 

Woods, Samuel V. 90, 143 

Woodyard, R. L. 29 

Workman, Dr. A. 40 

Wyman. Grace M. 115 

Young, U. G. 90