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Full text of "What to draw and how to draw it"

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WMTTQ 
HOWrofefDRMIT 

- d^ BV E.G.LUTZ ) 



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READING fiOOM 



i^ha^t to ciraiJ CXod h^nJ t^ JracJ it. 



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DODD, MEAD & COMPANY 

Fourth Aven'^^ a;i4 30th Streol 
Publishers 



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G)pyright, 1913, by E. G. Lirtz 
All rights reserved 



Printed is U. S. A. 



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PROPERTY OF TH£: 
INSTRUCTIONS 



^szo^J^ 



In drawing from this book, copy the last diagram, or finished picture, of the particular series 
before you. 

The other diagrams — beginning with number one, then number two, and so on — show how to 
go on with your drawing. They give the order in which to make the various strokes of the pencil 
that together form the completed picture. The dotted lines indicate where light lines are drawn that- 
help in construction — that is; getting proportions correctly, outlining the general form, or marking 
details in their proper places. Do not press ftaid on' the pencil in making these construction lines, 
then they can be erased afterwards. '.':■'. :i''. * ■' 

Use pencil compasses for the circles, or mark theto Off with buttons or disks. 

7 



A.- 



1? 1 



\ 






AT EQUAL mVANCES LINE FROM 
ON A CIRCLE ^ LEFT To RmT 







THE NEXT 
IN THIS 
WAY 



AND 60 ON TO THE LAST 



i WITH PRACTISE THE AH) OF CIRCLE 
1 AND P01NT6 WILL NOT BE NEEDED 




LigKtl\pu&e. 



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Cepyrisht.l9l3.t»C.6LuU 




10 



A 1 



i 3. ^ 4. ^ 

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B 1 



Cube- 




Copyright, 1913. by E.Q.Lutz 



11 



Toy HorsG. 




12 



C=5 




W—^ 



Toys 

Copyrisht.l9l3,byE.Glut2 



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13 



1 i 




C reefed C rV3kne 



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14 





IN BRJ&HT DAYl.l(}HT 
PUPILS OF EYES 
ARE LIKE THIS 



TKinjs to npiice ^^eIv drawing a cati face 



SHAPE OFeARf) |^ 

A FXWLONCt 
HAIRS Above 



T1(^ER-LIKE .^ 

MARKINGS ,.--" ^ 
AROUNP-''' 
EYES 



r^*4kv/.('Pt... 



X EYES WIDE APART 




EYES -PUPILS 

CHANCRE IN SIZE 

AND SHAPE 



LONQ 

WHI5KER5 



MAKE AN OUTLINE 

THE SAME 




16 



B 1 





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iryiry 



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Copyrl8MI9l3>C.G.Lutt 





■^■^ 




17 



CUF^IOUS F^ISHeS 



Angel Fisb 




IC^..rt<.l3«.t,tJi.U1, 



18 



Fi5he5 



1 B 




Co()ynslrt.l9l3. 
by e.ftUtz 



19 



Cai+ail plan-t 




20 




CownsM.ISlJ 



21 




"Rabbit Runnin.^ 



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22 




Ft&hbii:^ 



Copyright. 1913, by E.&.Lutz 



23 




24 



1 3. 



°6 





Heiy And Clval^ 



Copyright. ISia. I» E.Q Utz 




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25 



4 . . S 





^fe 



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26 




Cet)yright, I9l3,by E.6.Lutz 



27 







28 




God^t 



Coffrijihi l?l3t)yE&Lu^z 



29 



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Bulldog 



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30 



A 1 




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31 



FIRST DRAW A TRIANQ-LE 
WITH 5 IDES EQUAL 



ifor>se. 




32 



A /' 
I » 



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33 




34 




Copyright. l9l5.byE:.&.Lurz 



35 




^w2vllow5 



36 



Flyii^ Dirdfe 




Copyright. l?l3.ty£,&Lutz 



37 




38 




39 



40 



A I _^ 2. ^_^ 3 



Parrakeet 
and Parrot 




Copyright. I9t3. by t & Lut ^ 



41 




42 




Y\Z\CCOOT\^ 



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43 



1. y^ — N ^ 




44 




45 



FIRST DRAW / 

A 
RHOMBOID /' 




46 



A I 




Ci 




Adjutant 



ror\ 



Birds Tm<de 





Copyri9ht.l913 byEQ.Utz 



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47 




48 



Camel 

3 freight Line. 

Dra.wiri<?S 

A 1 



B 1 



Copyright. 1913, by E.&.Lutz 




49 





60 



A 1 



Face5 - Easily drawn 





Copynjht.Bl^bytKfLutz 



51 





i 


4 




: 




1 








1 






1 I'll 


'■-**-^ 




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t 






52 



Fi^upcj -Merv- DraWn witK straight lii>e5 





5 






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1 ' P 


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2, 




3 


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4 


r 's 




C '. 


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,ri ir^s 








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[/ 


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u 


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54 



A 1 




Copyr.<lht,19l5,bvE.&Lutz 



56 



Droll 

Face 




56 



A 1 



\ 




DrAwintf F^ices 
in. &t\ Amuf>in<5 Wav 



Co|)yri«;Vt . I9li by E O.Luti 




67 




58 




Profile.^ ' Ea5y te draw 





Coprigm,l9l3byE&ttfft 




59 



Ligktly drawi| 
lines like above 
will help in 

sketcKw 



^^ pr* e^^j o£v>£- 




60 




C(i [Yri<fM.\9l}.byE.QLuH _ 



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62 




63 




64 




66 




To draw iKey® fi^utes , fir^t 
n\h,U^ circle^ a^ 5K«>Wrvi»> Ai. &£>! 



R^Ufvd Pi d ti re^ 




66 



An odd 

way of- 

bejinuinf 




B 1 



Copyright, 1SI3 by E&U^z 



87 



A _L_ t^—. 


A A 


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1 


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1 


-1 


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68 



>r«Tr 



MeiJ\/i7g an, Ovetl w^ithfhe. Confp ^ 3S&S 



DRAW TWO UNE5 
CROSSING AT 
RKtHT ANQLES 




WITH A 

AS CEffTER. DESCRIBE 
CIRCLE WITH DIAMETER 
WIDTH OF OVAL VMNTEP 



FROM BanoC DRAW 
LINES THROUGH 
AND BEYOND D 



FROM BandC as 
CENTERS DESCRIBE 
ARCS TO EanoF 



WITH DA5 CENTER 
CON N ECT E AND r BY AN 
ARC COMPLETING OVAL 



DRAWING OVALS AND ELLIPSES 



Take note, first of all, of the difference between an ellipse and an oval. 

The large plate explains the construction of an ellipse. It shows how to find the points where 
the three pins are placed that determine the size of the looped string. Be sure and make measure- 
ments accurately. Use a string that will not give, cotton thread is good for small ellipses, silk is too 
elastic. A suggestion to amateur gardeners: make elliptical flower beds this way. 

The caution in regard to accuracy also applies to the making of the oval. 

70 



How to mh,ke a/? Ellipse: 



/ ROV<^Hiy SKETCH 
I ELLIPSE WANTED 



\ 



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\ 

I 

/ 



i< 



DRAW TWO UNE5 CROSSINQ- 
AT RIQHTANQLES IN CENTER. 



\ 



\ 





WITH CENTER C AND 
DISTANCE BA AS 
RADIU5 IKTERSECT 
^ LINEBD 



AT POINTS OF INTERSECTION 
T. AND F PLACE P/NS 
C 

\1 



\ 



\, 



\ 



LOOP A STRIN<} 
AROUND ALL 
THREE P/NS 



TAKE OUT PIN 

AT C AND 

REPLACE WITH I// PENCIL POINT 





71 









n 



SUGGESTIONS FOR WATER-COLOR PAINTING 



-A Useful List 

OF VVATER-COLORS 



COLOR5' 



•WHAT -TO ASK 
_______^ rORIN-THE-5HOP 

;y^i;i.bw:-| YELLOW OCHRE 
GAMBOGE 



H Br-igh-t 



3| 



light red 
CrimsomIcrimson lake 

VANDYKE BROWN 



NEW BLUE OR 
ULTRAMARINE 



Oreiein 



Mjim.M 



HOOKER'S GREEN NoJ 
PAYNE'6 qRAY 

sS-«jppl^"\erv.t^r>j^ — 

MAUVE 



10: 



-7:^:7-^7— -^n O R A N Q E - 

;UP{.ANG£: I VERMILION 



Here is a good list of colors for practical work. The 
first eight are enough for every purpose; but add, if you 
wish, purple and orange. Moist colors in pans are best. 
There are many different kinds of red, green, blue and 
brown paints; and as you may be puzzled and not know 
what to get, the names of the best hues of these particular 
colors are also given. The most useful paints in this list 
are yellow ochre, light red, Vandyke brown and Payne's 
gray. Learn to work with them, use them often and see 
the beautiful effects they produce. Delicate tints are made 
with thin washes of yellow ochre and light red. Vandyke 
brown makes a variety of pleasing tints. 

Use the bright colors sparingly. 

You do not need a black paint. Payne's gray with 
either brown, blue, crimson or green gives rich dark tones. 
Payne's gray is also useful in shadows and shading other 
colors. For the different kinds of greens, mix yellow ochre, 
blue or brown with Hooker's green. Use thin washes of 
light red and blue for the gray of distances and clouds. 



73 



74 









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7S 




76 




^ZXOS3^-/>iO^ 



77 




THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY 

CIRCULATION DEPARTMENT 
NATHAN STRAUS BRANCH 348 EAST 32nd STSSFt 



78 



WHAT TO DRAW 

THIS is really a remarkable book in 
which tine ia made a good rea$on for 
form. The youngest child may grasp 
the magic progress of this way of working 
knd he will draw the picture naturally and 
Mrell. 

INSTRUCTIONS are very brief, for the 
key line* of each object tell their own story 
uid the child is entranced by the results 
toon gained. There is no stupid tracing in 
this book, for tracing accomplishes at most 
Bnly a little muscular controL 

The book provides a step-by-step system 



©T.O 




and HOW TO DRAW 

that fixet the object in memory and 6 
ops naturally a physical skill and a m 
knowledge of proportion and form. 

Foreshortening and perspective, t 
bugbears to young artists, are overcom 
the simplest progressive examples. 
REMEMBERING THE KEY LINE o 
the way to the completed object T 
are hundreds of pictures to draw and all 
those most fascinating to the child, wh 
thrilled by the "magic" that makes dra>i 
easy and delightfully interesting. 
*'Ju*t remember the KEY LINE, that't 



\ AN IDEAL GIFT FOR CHILDREN ) 



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