# Full text of "What to draw and how to draw it"

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G)pyright, 1913, by E. G. Lirtz

Printed is U. S. A.

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PROPERTY OF TH£:
INSTRUCTIONS

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In drawing from this book, copy the last diagram, or finished picture, of the particular series
before you.

The other diagrams — beginning with number one, then number two, and so on — show how to
go on with your drawing. They give the order in which to make the various strokes of the pencil
that together form the completed picture. The dotted lines indicate where light lines are drawn that-
help in construction — that is; getting proportions correctly, outlining the general form, or marking
details in their proper places. Do not press ftaid on' the pencil in making these construction lines,
then they can be erased afterwards. '.':■'. :i''. * ■'

Use pencil compasses for the circles, or mark theto Off with buttons or disks.

7

A.-

1? 1

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AT EQUAL mVANCES LINE FROM
ON A CIRCLE ^ LEFT To RmT

THE NEXT
IN THIS
WAY

AND 60 ON TO THE LAST

i WITH PRACTISE THE AH) OF CIRCLE
1 AND P01NT6 WILL NOT BE NEEDED

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10

A 1

i 3. ^ 4. ^

\_\ \

B 1

Cube-

11

Toy HorsG.

12

C=5

W—^

Toys

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13

1 i

C reefed C rV3kne

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14

IN BRJ&HT DAYl.l(}HT
PUPILS OF EYES
ARE LIKE THIS

TKinjs to npiice ^^eIv drawing a cati face

SHAPE OFeARf) |^

A FXWLONCt
HAIRS Above

T1(^ER-LIKE .^

MARKINGS ,.--" ^
AROUNP-'''
EYES

r^*4kv/.('Pt...

X EYES WIDE APART

EYES -PUPILS

CHANCRE IN SIZE

AND SHAPE

LONQ

WHI5KER5

MAKE AN OUTLINE

THE SAME

16

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17

CUF^IOUS F^ISHeS

Angel Fisb

IC^..rt<.l3«.t,tJi.U1,

18

Fi5he5

1 B

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by e.ftUtz

19

Cai+ail plan-t

20

CownsM.ISlJ

21

"Rabbit Runnin.^

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24

1 3.

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Heiy And Clval^

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Cet)yright, I9l3,by E.6.Lutz

27

28

God^t

Coffrijihi l?l3t)yE&Lu^z

29

@

(SD

Bulldog

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'(§)VA-/(§)'

'®VA_/®

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30

A 1

1

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31

FIRST DRAW A TRIANQ-LE
WITH 5 IDES EQUAL

ifor>se.

32

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34

35

^w2vllow5

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Flyii^ Dirdfe

37

38

39

40

A I _^ 2. ^_^ 3

Parrakeet
and Parrot

Copyright. I9t3. by t & Lut ^

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1. y^ — N ^

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45

FIRST DRAW /

A
RHOMBOID /'

46

A I

Ci

ror\

Birds Tm<de

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48

Camel

3 freight Line.

Dra.wiri<?S

A 1

B 1

49

60

A 1

Face5 - Easily drawn

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i

4

:

1

1

1 I'll

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t

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Fi^upcj -Merv- DraWn witK straight lii>e5

5

h _

1 ' P

-

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iB

2,

3

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4

r 's

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,ri ir^s

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A 1

Copyr.<lht,19l5,bvE.&Lutz

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Droll

Face

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A 1

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DrAwintf F^ices
in. &t\ Amuf>in<5 Wav

Co|)yri«;Vt . I9li by E O.Luti

67

58

Profile.^ ' Ea5y te draw

Coprigm,l9l3byE&ttfft

59

Ligktly drawi|
lines like above
will help in

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^^ pr* e^^j o£v>£-

60

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63

64

66

To draw iKey® fi^utes , fir^t
n\h,U^ circle^ a^ 5K«>Wrvi»> Ai. &£>!

R^Ufvd Pi d ti re^

66

An odd

way of-

bejinuinf

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68

>r«Tr

MeiJ\/i7g an, Ovetl w^ithfhe. Confp ^ 3S&S

DRAW TWO UNE5
CROSSING AT
RKtHT ANQLES

WITH A

AS CEffTER. DESCRIBE
CIRCLE WITH DIAMETER
WIDTH OF OVAL VMNTEP

FROM BanoC DRAW
LINES THROUGH
AND BEYOND D

FROM BandC as
CENTERS DESCRIBE
ARCS TO EanoF

WITH DA5 CENTER
CON N ECT E AND r BY AN
ARC COMPLETING OVAL

DRAWING OVALS AND ELLIPSES

Take note, first of all, of the difference between an ellipse and an oval.

The large plate explains the construction of an ellipse. It shows how to find the points where
the three pins are placed that determine the size of the looped string. Be sure and make measure-
ments accurately. Use a string that will not give, cotton thread is good for small ellipses, silk is too
elastic. A suggestion to amateur gardeners: make elliptical flower beds this way.

The caution in regard to accuracy also applies to the making of the oval.

70

How to mh,ke a/? Ellipse:

/ ROV<^Hiy SKETCH
I ELLIPSE WANTED

\

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\

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DRAW TWO UNE5 CROSSINQ-
AT RIQHTANQLES IN CENTER.

\

\

WITH CENTER C AND
DISTANCE BA AS
^ LINEBD

AT POINTS OF INTERSECTION
T. AND F PLACE P/NS
C

\1

\

\,

\

LOOP A STRIN<}
AROUND ALL
THREE P/NS

TAKE OUT PIN

AT C AND

REPLACE WITH I// PENCIL POINT

71

n

SUGGESTIONS FOR WATER-COLOR PAINTING

-A Useful List

OF VVATER-COLORS

COLOR5'

_______^ rORIN-THE-5HOP

;y^i;i.bw:-| YELLOW OCHRE
GAMBOGE

H Br-igh-t

3|

light red
CrimsomIcrimson lake

VANDYKE BROWN

NEW BLUE OR
ULTRAMARINE

Oreiein

Mjim.M

HOOKER'S GREEN NoJ
PAYNE'6 qRAY

sS-«jppl^"\erv.t^r>j^ —

MAUVE

10:

-7:^:7-^7— -^n O R A N Q E -

;UP{.ANG£: I VERMILION

Here is a good list of colors for practical work. The
first eight are enough for every purpose; but add, if you
wish, purple and orange. Moist colors in pans are best.
There are many different kinds of red, green, blue and
brown paints; and as you may be puzzled and not know
what to get, the names of the best hues of these particular
colors are also given. The most useful paints in this list
are yellow ochre, light red, Vandyke brown and Payne's
gray. Learn to work with them, use them often and see
the beautiful effects they produce. Delicate tints are made
with thin washes of yellow ochre and light red. Vandyke
brown makes a variety of pleasing tints.

Use the bright colors sparingly.

You do not need a black paint. Payne's gray with
either brown, blue, crimson or green gives rich dark tones.
colors. For the different kinds of greens, mix yellow ochre,
blue or brown with Hooker's green. Use thin washes of
light red and blue for the gray of distances and clouds.

73

74

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7S

76

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77

THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY

CIRCULATION DEPARTMENT
NATHAN STRAUS BRANCH 348 EAST 32nd STSSFt

78

WHAT TO DRAW

THIS is really a remarkable book in
which tine ia made a good rea\$on for
form. The youngest child may grasp
the magic progress of this way of working
knd he will draw the picture naturally and
Mrell.

INSTRUCTIONS are very brief, for the
key line* of each object tell their own story
uid the child is entranced by the results
toon gained. There is no stupid tracing in
this book, for tracing accomplishes at most
Bnly a little muscular controL

The book provides a step-by-step system

and HOW TO DRAW

that fixet the object in memory and 6
ops naturally a physical skill and a m
knowledge of proportion and form.

Foreshortening and perspective, t
bugbears to young artists, are overcom
the simplest progressive examples.
REMEMBERING THE KEY LINE o
the way to the completed object T
are hundreds of pictures to draw and all
those most fascinating to the child, wh
thrilled by the "magic" that makes dra>i
easy and delightfully interesting.
*'Ju*t remember the KEY LINE, that't

\ AN IDEAL GIFT FOR CHILDREN )

-y

Ik^i'^'m

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