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" The noble Lord William Russell who dy'd for the liberty of his Country, a 
little before his death, by a trusty messenger, sent Mr Baxter his hearty thanks for 
this book ['Dying Thoughts'] which had made him better acquainted with the 
other world than he was before, and not a little contributed to his relief and sup- 
port, and to the fitting him for what he was to go through." — Calamy [Account, 
Vol. L, p. 420.] 


\j V ^~\ n 



The tractate by Baxter herein re-printed in a limited private 
edition, was unknown to Calamy, and also escaped his best Bio- 
grapher — Orme, as well as Darling, in his "Cyclopaedia BibHo- 
graphica." My copy was formerly in the celebrated Library of Dr 
Philip Bliss of Oxford. It is bound richly in morocco, and marked 
by him as "not in the Bodleian Catalogue, 1843." Another copy is 
in the British Museum Library : but I have not met with any mention 
of it elsewhere. As a book it is among the rarest of Baxter's, and I 
have heard of prices being given for it recently, that recall the Biblio- 
mania days of the Roxburghe Sale. Intrinsically it is packed with 
"judicious" thought, and has all its saintly author's best character- 
istics, being scriptural, fervent to passion of entreaty, pungent, pointed, 
unmistakable : withal it is pure "Bread of Life" for the humblest. 
I give the text with scrupulous fidelity, and have added a few slight 
foot-notes. The original title-page will be found on the opposite 
page. May all to whom the little book comes "be saved," and by 
His mercy evidence it here in a "holy life !" 

A. B. G. 



Crawford & M'Cabe, Printers, 7 George Street, Edinburgh. 


Grand Question 





l^olg Htfe. 

The late reverend Divine 

Reco7nmended to the Bookseller a few days before his deaths to be 
immediately printed for the good of souls. 

Acts xvi. 30. Sirs ! What shall I do to be saved? 


Printed for T HO. PARKHURST, at the Bible 
and Three Crowns, Cheapside. 1692. [12°] 

Collation: Title-page and pp. 46. 



Instructions for a f^olg 3Ltfe, 


For personal direction and for family instruction, 
short Catechisms and Prayers. 

With two 


IGNORANT persons cannot remember long and 
many words, nor understand a brief style and 
few words. This maketh it impossible to write 

a Catechism that shall not be unsuitable either to the 
understanding or the memory of such. I must therefore 
desire the Teacher to make up the unavoidable defect, by 
opening the meaning, — especially of the Catechisms, — to 
the children and servants, when they have learned and 
say the words. Read the Instructions often to them and 
press all as you go, on their affections. For the bare words 
without a present guide may else be all lost. 

I. The necessity, reason, and means of Holiness. 

1. To keep up the resolutions of the converted. And 

2. To instruct those in families that need them. 
Though the saving of souls be a matter of inexpres- 
sible importance,* yet — the Lord have mercy upon them ! 
— what abundance are there that think it not worthy of 
their serious enquiry, nor the reading of a good book, one 

* Mark viii. 36: Matthew vi. 33: Job xxi. 14, and xxii. 17: Psalm i. 2, 3, and 
xiv. 12. 


6 Instructions for a Holy Life. 

hour in a week ! For the sake of these careless slothful 
sinners, I have here spoken much in a little room, that 
they may not refuse to read and consider so short a lesson, 
unless they think their souls worth nothing. Sinner ! As 
thou wilt shortly answer it before God, deny not to God, 
to thyself and me, the sober pondering and faithful practis- 
ing these few directions : — 

I. Begin at home, and know thyself Consider what it 
is to be a man."^ Thou art made a nobler creature than the 
brutes. They serve thee, and are governed by thee ; and 
death ends all their pains and pleasures. But thou hast 
reason to rule thyself and them ; to know thy God, and 
foresee thy end, and know thy way, and do thy duty. Thy 
reason, and free-will, and executive power, are part of the 
image of God upon thy nature : so is thy dominion over 
the brutes, as, under him, thou art their owner, their ruler, 
and their end. But thy holy wisdom, and goodness, and 
ability, is the chief part of his image on which thy happi- 
ness depends. Thou hast a soul that cannot be satisfied 
in knowing, till thy knowledge reach to God himself :t nor 
can it be disposed by any other ; nor can it or the socie- 
ties of the world, be well governed according to its nature, 
without regard to his sovereign authority and without the 
hopes and fears of joy and misery hereafter ;J nor can it 
be happy § in anything but seeing and loving and de- 
lighting in this God as he is revealed in the other world. 
And is this nature given thee in vain ? If the nature of all 
things be fitted to its use and end, || then it must be so 
with thine. 

II. By knowing thyself then, thou must needs know 
that there is a God\ IT and that he is thy maker and infinite 
in all perfections ; and that he is thy Owner, thy Ruler 

* Psalm viii. 4-6 : Genesis i. 26, 27 : ix. 6 : Col. iii. 10. 
t John xvii. 3 : i John iv. 6, 7 : Jeremiah ix. 24. 
X Luke xii. 4, 5. § Psalm xvi. 5-1 1. II Isaiah xlv. 18. 

^ Psalm xiv. i : Genesis i. i : Revelation i. 8 : Romans i. 19, 20: Psalm xlvi. 10 : ix. 
10: c. andxxiii. : xix. 1-3: xlvii. 7: Ezekiel xviii. 4: Genesis xviii. 25: Malachi i. 6. 

The Great Case Resolved. 7 

and thy Felicity or End. He is mad that seeth not that 
such creatures have a cause or maker : and that all the 
power and wisdom and goodness of the world, is caused 
by a power and wisdom and goodness which is greater 
than that of all the world. And who can be our Owner 
but he that made us ? And who can be our highest Go- 
vernor but our Owner, whose infinite power wisdom and 
goodness maketh him only fit thereto ? And if he be our 
Governor, he must needs have laws, with rewards for the 
good and punishments for the bad ; and must judge and 
execute accordingly. And if he be our" chiefest Bene- 
factor, and all that we have is from him, and all our hope 
and happiness is in him, nothing can be more clear than 
that the very nature ol man doth prove that in hope of 
future happiness, he should absolutely assign himself to 
the will and disposal of this God, and that he should 
absolutely obey him,^' and that he should love and serve 
him with all his power : it being impossible to love, obey 
and please that God too much who is thus our cause, our 
end, our all. 

III. By knowing thus thyself and God, it is easy to 
know what primitive holiness and godliness is. Even this 
hearty, entire and absolute resignation of the soul to God, 
as the infinite power, wisdom, and goodness : as our 
Creator, our Owner, Governor, and Felicity or P2nd : fully 
submitting to his disposal, obeying his laws, in hope of 
his promised rewards and fear of his threatened punish- 
ments : and loving and delighting in himself and all his 
appearances in the world : and desiring and seeking the 
endless right and enjoyment of him in heavenly glory, 
and expressing these affections in daily prayer, thanks- 
giving and praise. This is the use of all thy faculties, the 
end and business of thy life, the health and happiness of 

* Matthew xxii. 37 : Jeremiah v. 22 : 2 Corinthians v. 8,9: Titus ii. 14 : 
2 Corinthians viii. 5, and vi. 16-18: 1 Peter ii. 9: Psalm 10: xxxvii. 4: xl. 8: 
Colossians iii. i, 2: Matthew vi. 20, 21: 2 Cor. iv, 17, i8. 

8 Instructions for a Holy Life. 

thy soul. This is that hoHness or godliness which God 
doth so much call for. 

IV. And by this it is easy to know what a state of sin 
and ungodliness is."^ Even the want of all this holiness, 
and the setting of carnal self instead of God. When men 
are proudly great and wise and good in their own eyes, 
and would dispose of themselves and all their concern- 
ments, and would rule themselves and please themselves, 
according to the fleshly appetite and fancy : and there- 
fore love most the pleasures and profits and honours of 
the world as the provision to satisfy the desires of the 
flesh : and God shall be no further loved, obeyed, or 
pleased than the love of fleshly pleasures will give leave, 
nor shall have anything but what the flesh can spare : 
this is a wicked, a carnal, an ungodly state ; though it 
break forth in various ways of sinning. 

V. By this, experience may tell you, that all men'\ — yea 
all till grace renew them — are in this ungodly miserable 
state: though only the Scripture tells us how this came to 
pass. Though all are not fornicators nor drunkards nor 
extortioners nor persecutors nor live not in the same way 
of sinning ; yet selfishness and pride and sensuality and 
the love of worldy things, ignorance and ungodliness are 
plainly become the common corruption of the nature of 
man ; so that their hearts are turned to the world from 
God, and filled with impiety, filthiness and injustice ; and 
their reason is but a servant to their senses ; and their 
mind and love and lip is carnal;:}: and this carnal mind is 
enmity to the holiness of God, and cannot be subject to 
his law. This corruption is hereditary, and is become, as 
it were, a nature to us, being the mortal malady of all our 
natures. And it is easy to know that such an unholy, 
wicked nature, must needs be loathsome to God and unfit 

• Psalm xiv : i : Hebrews xii : 14 : Romans viii. 12, 13 : John iii. 34 : v. 6 : 
I John ii, 15, 16 : Romans xiii. 14, 15 : vi. 16: Luke xviii. 23 : xiv. 26, 33. 
t Romans iii : Psalm 14 : Ephes. ii, 2, 3 : Romans v. 12, 17, 39 : John iii, 6. 
X Romans viii. 5, 6, 7. 

The Great Case Resolved. ^ 9 

for the happy enjoyment of his love, either here or in the Hfe 
to come :* for what communion hath Hght with darkness ? 

VI. Hence then it is easy to see what grace is 7teedful 
to a maji's salvatmi. So odious a creature, such an un- 
thankful rebel that is turned away from God and set 
against him, and defiled with all this filth of sin, must 
needs be both renewed and reconciled, t sanctified and 
pardoned, if ever he will be saved. To love God and be 
beloved by him and to be delighted herein, in the might of 
his glory, is the heaven and happiness of souls : and all this 
is contrary to an unholy state. Till men have new and 
holy hearts, they can neither see God nor love him nor 
delight in him nor take him for their chief content : for 
the flesh and world have their delight and love. And till 
sin be pardoned, % and God is reconciled to the soul, what 
joy or peace can it expect from him whose nature and 
justice engage th him to loathe and punish it ? 

VII. And experience will tell you how insufficient you 
are for either of these two works yourselves : || /<? renew your 
souls or to reco7icile them unto God. Will a nature that is 
carnal resist and overcome the flesh and abhor the sin 
which it most dearly loveth ? will a wordly mind overcome 
the world ? when custom hath rooted your natural corrup- 
tions, are these easily rooted up ? O how great and hard 
a work is it to cause a blind unbelieving sinner to set his 
heart on another world and lay up all his hopes in heaven, 
and to cast off all the things he seeth for that God and 
glory which he never saw. And for a hardened, worldly, 
fleshly heart to become wise and tender and holy and 
heavenly, and abhor the sin which it most fondly loveth ! 
And what can we do to satisfy justice and reconcile such 
a rebel soul to God ? 

VIII. Nature and experience having thus acquainted 

* Psalm iv. 3 : 2 Corinthians vi. 14, 17. 

t Psalm xxxii. i, 2 : i Corinthians vi. 11 : Titus ii. 14 : iii. 5-7 : Hebrews xiv. 14 : 
Matthew v. 8. % Romans v. 1-3. 

II Psalm xcvii. 7, 8, 15 : i Corinthians ii. 11, 21 : Hebrews xiv. 12 : 2 Peter i. 3. 

lo Instructions Jor a Holy Life. 

you with your sin and misery, and what you want, will 
further tell you that God ''^ doth not yet deal with you ac- 
cording to your deserts. He giveth you life, and time, and 
mercies, when your sins had forfeited all these. He 
obligeth you to repent and-tum unto him. And therefore 
experience telling you that there is some hope, and that 
 God hath found out some way of shewing mercy to the 
children of wrath, reason will command you to enquire 
of all that are fit to teach you what way of remedy God 
hath made known. And as you very soon discover that 
the religion of heathens and Mahometans is so far from 
shewing the true remedy that they are part of the disease 
itself: so you may learn that a wonderful Person t the 
Lord Jesus Christ, hath undertaken the office of being the 
Redeemer and Saviour of the world : and that he who is 
the eternal Word and Wisdom of the Father, hath wonder- 
fully appeared in the nature of man, which he took from 
the virgin Mary, being conceived by the Holy Ghost : and 
that we might have a Teacher sent from Heaven % infalli- 
bly and easily to acquaint the world with the will of God 
and the unseen things of life eternal : how God bare witness 
of the Truth by abundant, open and uncontrolled mira- 
cles :|| how he conquered Satan and the world, § and gave 
us an example of perfect righteousness^ and underwent 
the scorn and cruelty of sinners, and suffered the death of 
the cross as a sacrifice for our sins to reconcile us unto 
God : how he rose again the third day and conquered 
death, and lived forty days longer on earth, instructing his 
apostles and giving them commission to preach the Gospel 
to all the world, and then ascended bodily into heaven. 

* Acts xiv. 27 and xvii. 24-28 : Romans i. 19, 20 : Romans ii, 4 : Job xxxlii. 
14-25 : Matthew xii. 42, 43. 

t Isaiah ix. 6, 7, and liii : John Hi. 16, 19, and i. 3, 4, and iii. 2. 

X John i. 18. II Acts ii. 22 : Hebrews ii. 3, 4. § Matthew iv. 

1" I Peter ii. 22-25: Matthew: xxvi. 27-28 : Acts i. : Hebrews iv: Ephesians i. 
22, 23: Romans v. i, 3, 9: Hebrews viii. 9, 13, and viii. 6, 7: Hebrews vii. 25: 
1 John V. 10, 12 : John v. 22, and iii. 18, 19: Matthew xxv. 


The Great Case Resolved. ii 

while they gazed after him : how he is now in heaven, 
both God and man in one Person, the Teacher and King 
and High-priest of his Church. Of him must we learn the 
way of life : by him must we be ruled as the physician of 
souls. All power is given him in heaven ancj in earth. 
By his sacrifice and merits and intercession must we be 
pardoned and accepted with the Father : and only by him 
must we come to God. He hath procured and established 
a covenant of grace, which baptism is the seal of: Even 
that God will in him be our God and reconciled Father, 
and Christ will be our Saviour, and the Holy Ghost will be 
our Sanctifier, if we will unfeignedly consent; that is if 
penitently and believingly we give up ourselves to God the 
Father, Son and Holy Ghost, in these resolutions. This 
covenant in the tenor of it is a deed of gift, of Christ 
and pardon and salvation to all the world : if by true faith 
and repentance they will turn to God. And this shall be 
the law according to which he will judge all that hear it 
at the last: for he is made the judge of all, and will raise 
all the dead, and justify his saints and judge them unto 
endless joy and glory, and condemn the unbelievers, im- 
penitent and ungodly,^ unto endless misery. The soul 
alone is judged at death, and body and soul at the resur- 
rection. This Gospel the apostles preached to the world ; 
and that it might be effectual to man's salvation, the Holy 
Ghost was first given to inspire the preachers of it,t and 
enable them to speak in various languages, and infallibly 
to agree in One, and to work many great and open miracles 
to prove their word to those they preached to. And by 
this means they planted the Church; J which ordinary 
ministers must increase and teach and oversee, to the end 
of the world, till all the elect be gathered in. And the 
same Holy Spirit hath undertaken it as His work || to 
accompany this Gospel and by it to convert men's souls, 

* Luke xvi. t Acts ii : Jolin xvii. 23. 

X Matthew xxviii. 19, 20: Acts xiv, 23: Acts xx : xxvi. 17, 18. J Romans viii. 9. 

1 2 Instructions for a Holy Life. 

illuminating and sanctifying them; and by a secret re- 
generation '^ to renew their natures and bring them to that 
knowledge and obedience and love of God which is the 
primitive holiness for which we were created and from which 
we fell. And thus by a Saviour and a Sanctifier must all 
be reconciled and renewed that will be glorified with God 
in heaven. All this you may learn from the Sacred 
Scriptures which were written by the inspiration of the 
Holy Spirit t and sealed by multitudes of open miracles, J 
and contain the very image and superscription of God, and 
have been received and preserved by the Church as the 
certain word of God, and blessed by him through all 
generations, to the sanctifying of many souls. 

IX. When you understand all this it is time for you to 
look home || and understand now what state your souls 
are in. That you were made capable of holiness and 
happiness, you know : that you and all men are fallen 
from God and holiness and happiness unto self and sin 
and misery, you know : that you are so far redeemed by 
Christ, you know, as to have a pardoning and saving 
covenant tendered you, and Christ and mercy offered to 
your choice. But whether you are truly penitent believers 
and renewed by the Holy Ghost and so united unto 
Christ, this is the question yet unresolved, this is the work 
that is yet to do, without which there is no salvation, and 
if thou die before it is done, woe to thee that ever thou 
wast a man ! Except a man be regenerated by the Spirit § 
and converted and made a new creature, and of carnal be 
made spiritual, and of earthly be made heavenly, and of 
selfish and sinful be made holy and obedient to God, he 
can never be saved, no more than the devil himself can be 
saved. And if this be so — as nothing is more sure — 
I require thee now, who readest these words, as thou 
regardest thy salvation, as thou wouldst escape hell-fire and 

* Titus iii. 5, 6 : John xiii. 5, 6. t 2 Timothy iii 16. 

X Hebrews ii. 3, 4. || 2 Corinthians xiii. 5 : Psalm iv. 4: 2 Peter i. 10. 

I § John iii. 5 : 2 Corinthians v. 17 : Romans viii. 7-9 : Philippians iii. 18-20. 

The Great Case Resolved. 13 

stand with comfort before Christ and his angels at the last, 
that thou soberly consider whether reason command thee 
not to try thy state : whether thou art thus renewed by the 
Spirit of Christ or not, '^ and to call for help to those that 
can advise theet and follow on the search till thou know 
thy case. And if thy soul be a stranger to this sanctifying 
work, whether reason command thee not, without any 
delay, to make out to Christ, and beg his Spirit, and cast 
away thy sins, and give up thyself entirely to thy God, thy 
Saviour and Sanctifier, and enter into his covenant, with a 
full resolution never to forsake him ; to deny thyself and 
the desires of the flesh and this deceitful, transitory world, 
and lay out all thy hopes on heaven, and speedily, whatever 
it cost thee, to make sure of the felicity which hath no end ? 
And darest thou refuse this when God and conscience do 
command it ? And further I advise you, 

X. Understand how it is that Satan hindereth souls 
from being sanctified^ that you may know how much to re- 
sist his wiles. Some he deceiveth by malicious suggestions 
that holiness is nothing but fancy or hypocrisy :| and if 
God and death and heaven and hell were fancies, this 
might be believed. Some he debaucheth by the power of 
fleshly appetite and lust, so that their sins will not let their 
reason speak : some he keepeth in utter ignorance by the 
evil education of ignorant parents and the negligence of 
ungodly soul-murdering teachers : || some he deceiveth by 
worldly hopes, and keepeth their minds so taken up with 
worldly things, that the matters of eternity can have but 
some loose and uneffectual thoughts, or as bad as none : 
some are entangled in ill company, § so make a scorn of a 
holy life, and feed them with continual diversions and 
vain delights: and some are so hardened in their sin^ that 

* Acts xvi. 14. 

t Acts ii. 37, and xvi. 30, and xi. 33 ; 2 Corinthians vi. i, 2 : Rev. ii. 7. 

X Acts xxiv. 14, and xxviii. 22, and xxiv. 5, 6. 

II Malachi ii. 7-9 : Hosea iv. 9. § Proverbs xiii. 20. 

\ Ephesians iv. 18, 19. 

1 4 Instructions for a Holy Life. 

they are even past feeling, and neither fear God's wrath 
nor care for their salvation, but hear these things as men 
asleep, and nothing will awake them. Some are dis- 
couraged with a conceit that godliness is a life so grievous,* 
sad and melancholy, that rather than endure it they will 
venture their souls, come on it what will — as if it were a 
grievous life to love God and hope for endless y^j^i"; and a 
pleasant life to love the world and sin, and live within a 
step of hell ! — Some that are convinced do put off their 
conversion with delays, and think it's time enough here- 
after : and are purposing and purposing till it be too late, 
and life and time and hope be ended.-J- And some that 
see there is a necessity of holiness are cheated by some 
dead opinion or names or shews and images of holiness : \ 
either because they hold a strict opinion or because they 
are baptized with water and observe the outward parts of 
worship : and perhaps because they offer God a great deal 
of lip-service and lifeless ceremony, which never savoured of 
a holy soul. Thus deadness, sensuality, worldliness and hy- 
pocrisy do hinder millions from sanctification and salvation. 
XI. If ever thou wouldest be saved, oppress not reason 
by sensuality or diversions : but sometimes retire for sober 
consideration. || Distracted and sleepy reason is unuse- 
ful. God and conscience have a great deal to say to thee : 
which in a crowd of company and business thou art not 
fit to hear. It is a doleful case§ that a man who hath a 
God, a Christ, a soul, a heaven, a hell to think of, will 
allow them none but running thoughts, and not once in a 
week bestow one hour in man -like serious consideration 
of them.lT Sure thou hast no greater things to mind. Re- 
solve then sometimes to spend half an hour in the deepest 
thoughts of thy everlasting state. 

* Malachi i. 13. t Matthew xxv. 3, 8, 12, and xxiv. 43, 44. 

X John viii. 39, 42, 44 : Romans iii. i, 2 : Galatians iv. 29 : Matthew xiii, 
19-22, and XV. 2, 3, 6 : Galatians I. i. 

II Psalm iv. 4 : Haggai i. 5 : Deuter. xxxli. 7-29. § Isaiah i. 3. 

\ Job xxxiv. 27 : Jer. xxiii. 20 : Psalm cxix. 59. 

TJie Great Case Resolved. 1 5 

XII. Look iipofi this W07'ld and all its pleasures as a man 
of reasoti^ 7uho foreseeth the end: and not as a beast that 
liveth by sense or present objects.* Do I need to tell thee, 
man, that thou must die ? Cannot carcases and dust in- 
struct thee to see the end of earthly glory and all the plea- 
sures of the flesh ? Is it a controversy whether thy flesh 
must shortly perish ? and wilt thou yet provide for it before 
thy soul ? What a sad farewell must thou shortly take of 
all that worldlings sell their souls for ! And O how quickly 
will this be ! Alas ! man, the day is even at hand : a few 
days more and thou art gone ! and darest thou live unready, 
and part with heaven for such a world as this ? 

XIII. And then think soberly on the life to come : 7 
what it is for a soul to appear before the living God and 
be judged to endless joy or misery ! If the devil tempt 
thee to doubt of such a life, remember that nature and 
Scripture and the world's consent, and his own tempta- 
tions are witnesses against him. O man canst thou pass 
one day in company or alone in business or in idleness, 
without some sober thoughts of everlastingness ? Nothing 
more sheweth that the hearts of men are asleep or dead 
than that the thoughts of endless joy or pain, so near at 
hand, constrain them not to be holy and overcome not all the 
temptations of the flesh as toys and inconsiderable things. 

XIV. Mind well^ what mind most men are of when they 
come to die I \ Unless it be some desperate forsaken wretch 
do they not all speak well of a holy life ? and wish that 
their lives had been spent in the most fervent love of God 
and strictest obedience to his laws ? Do they then speak 
well of lust and pleasures and magnify the wealth and 
honours of the world? Had they not rather die as the 
most mortified saints, than as [careless, fleshly worldly sin- 

* 2 Corinthians iv. 8 : Deut. xxxii. 29 : i John ii. 17 : i Cor. vii. 31 : Luke : 
TO, 20 : John xiv. i, 2 : i Thess. v. 13. 

t Luke xii. 4 : Eccl. xii. 7 : 2 Peter iii. 11 : 2 Cor. iv. 18 : Phil. iii. 18, 20. 
X Numbers xxiii. 10: Matt. xxv. 8 ; vii. 21 22 : Prov. i. 28, 29. 

1 6 Listructions for a Holy Life. 

ners ? and dost thou see and know this, and yet wilt thou 
not be instructed to be wise in time ? 

XV. Think well what manner of men these were whose 
names are now honoured for their holiness.^ What manner 
of life did St Peter and St Paul, St Cyprian, St Augustine, 
and all other saints and martyrs live? Was it a life of 
fleshly sports and pleasures? Did they deride or perse- 
cute a holy life ? Were they not more strictly holy than 
any that thou knowest ? And is he not self-condemned that 
honoureth the names of saints and will not imitate them? 

XVI. Think what the difference is between a Christian 
and an heathe?i.f You are loath to be heathens or infidels. 
But do you think a Christian excelleth them but in opinion? 
He that is not holier than they, is worse, and shall suffer 
more than they. 

XVII. Think what the difference is betwee?t a godly 
Christian and an ungodly, % Do not all the opposers of 
holiness among us yet speak for the same God and Christ 
and Scripture: and profess the same creed and religion, 
with those whom they oppose ? And is not this Christ the 
author of our holiness, and this Scripture the commander 
of it ? Search and see, whether the difference be not this, 
that the godly are serious in their profession, and the un- 
godly are hypocrites, who hate and oppose the practise of 
the very things which themselves profess : whose religion 
serveth but to condemn them while their lives are contrary 
to their tongues. 

XVIII. Understand what the devil's policy is by rais- 
ing so many sects andfactio?is and controversies about religion 
in the world :\\ even to make some think that they are reli- 

* Matthew xxiii. 29-33 • Heb. xi. 38 : John viii. 39. 

t Matthew x. 15 : Romans ii : Acts x. 34, 35. 

X Romans ii. 28, 29 : Matthew xxv, 28 : Luke xix. 22 : Acts xxiv, 15 : Gala- 
tians iv. 29. 

II Ephesians iv. 14: Acts xx. 30: i Corinthians xi. 19: 2 Timothy iv. 3, and 
ii. 14, 16: I Timothy i. 5, 6 : Titus iii. 9: Ephesians iv. 3 etc. : i Corinthians xii: 
Matthew xii. 25: Romans ii. 12, 27-29. 

The Great Case Resolved. 17 

gious because they can prate for their opinions, or because 
they think their party is the best, because their faction is 
the greatest or the best; the uppermost or the suffering 
side. And to turn holy, edifying conference into vain 
jangHng ; and to make men atheists — suspecting all reli- 
gion and true to none — because of men's diversity of 
minds. But remember that [the] Christian religion is but 
one, and a thing easily known by its ancient rule ; and the 
universal church containing all churches, is but one. And if 
carnal interest or opinions so distract men that one party 
saith ' We are all the Church,' and another saith ' It is we ' 
— as if the kitchen were all the house or one town or 
village all the kingdom — wilt thou be mad vvith seeing this 
distraction? Hearken sinner, all those sects in the Day 
of Judgment shall concur as witnesses against thee if thou 
be unholy : because however else they differed,''^ all of 
them that are Christians professed the necessity of holiness 
and subscribed to that Scripture which requireth it. 
Though thou canst not easily resolve every controversy 
thou may'st easily know the true religion, it is that which 
Christ and his apostles taught, which all Christians have 
professed, which Scripture requireth : which is first pure 
and then peaceable : t most spiritual, heavenly, charitable, 
and just. 

XIX. Away from that compariy % which is sensual^ and 
an enemy to reason, sobriety and holiness, and consequently 
to God, themselves and thee. Can they be wise for thee 
that are foolish for themselves ? or friends to thee that are 
undoing themselves ? or have any pity on thy soul when 
they make a jest of their own damnation? will they help 
thee to heaven who are running so furiously to hell? 
Chuse better familiars if thou woulds't be better. 

XX. Judge not of a holy life by hearsay^ for it cannot so 

* Galatians i. 7, 8 : Matthew xxviii. 20. t James iil. 17, 

X Ephesians v. 11: Proverbs xxiii. 20: 2 Corinthians vi. 17, 18: Psalm x v. 4: 
Deuteronomy xiii. 3. 

1 8 Instructlo?ts for a Holy Life. 

be known.* Try it awhile and then judge as thou findest 
it. Speak not against the things thou knowest not. 
Hadst thou but Hved in the love of God, and the lively 
belief of endless glory, and the delights of holiness, and 
the fears of hell but for one month or day : and with such 
a heart hadst cast away thy sint and called upon God and 
ordered thy family in a holy manner, especially on the 
Lord's day, I dare boldly say experience would constrain 
thee to justify a holy life. J But yet I must tell thee it is 
not true holiness if thou but try it with exceptions and 
reserves. || If therefore God hath convinced thee that 
this is his will and way, I adjure thee as in his dreadful 
presence, that thou delay no longer § but resolve, and 
absolutely give up thyself to God as thy heavenly Father, 
thy Saviour and thy Sanctifier, and * make an everlasting 
covenant with him,' and then he and all his mercies will be 
thine : his grace will help thee and his mercy pardon thee : 
his ministers will instruct thee and his people pray for thee 
and assist thee : his angels will guard thee and his Spirit 
comfort thee : and when flesh must fail and thou must 
leave this world, thy Saviour will then receive thy soul and 
bring it into the participation of his glory : and he will 
raise thy body and justify thee before the world and make 
thee equal to the angels : and thou shalt live in the sight 
and love of God and in the everlasting pleasures of his 
glory. This is the end of faith and holiness. But if thou 
harden thy heart and refusest mercy IT everlasting woe will 
be thy portion, and then there will be no remedy. 

And now. Reader, I beg of thee and I beg of God on 
my bended knees that these few words may sink into thy 
heart and that thou wouldest read them over and over 
again and bethink thee as a man that must shortly die. 

* John V. 40 : Luke xiv. 29, 30 : John vi. 35, 37, 45. t Isaiah Iv. 6, 7. 

X Matthew xi. 19. II Luke xiv. 33. 

§ Revelations xxii. 17: John i. 12: Revelations ii. and iii. : i John v. 12, 13: 
Psalm xxxiv. 7 : Psalm Ixxiii. 26 : Matthew xxv. : Luke xx. 39 : Hebrews ii. 3 : 
rrhessalonians ii. 12. ^ Luke xix. 27: Proverbs x.xix. i, and i. 10, etc. 

The Great Case Resolved. 19 

Whether any deserve thy love and obedience more than 
God ? and thy thankful rememberance more than Christ ? 
and thy care and diligence more than thy salvation ? Is 
there any felicity more desirable than heaven ? or any 
misery more terrible than hell ? or anything so regardable 
as that which is everlasting ? Will a few days' fleshly 
pleasures pay for the loss of heaven and thy immortal soul ? 
or will thy sin and thy prosperity be meet at death and in 
the day of judgment? If thou art a man, and as ever thou 
believest that there is a God and a world to come, and as 
' thou carest for thy soul, whether it be saved or damned, 
I beseech thee, I charge thee, think of these things ! think 
of them once a day at least ! think of them with thy most 
sober, serious thoughts ! Heaven is not a May-game and 
hell is not a flea-biting ! Make not a jest of salvation or 
damnation ! I know thou livest in a distracted world 
where thou mayest hear some laughing at such things as 
these, and scorning at a holy life, and fastening odious 
reproaches on the godly, and merrily drinking and playing 
and feasting away their time, and then saying that they will 
trust God with their souls and hope to be saved without so 
much ado ! But if all these men do not change their 
minds and be not shortly down-in-the-mouth, and would 
not be glad to eat their words, and wished that they had 
lived a holy life, though it had cost them scorn and suffer- 
ing in the world, let me bear the shame of a deceiver for 
ever. But if God and thy conscience bear witness against 
thy sin and tell thee that a holy life is best, regard not the 
gain-sayings of a bedlam-world, which is drunk with the 
delusions of the flesh. But give up thy soul and life to 
God by Jesus Christ in a faithful covenant ! Delay no 
longer, man, but resolve, resolve immediately, resolve un- 
changeably : and God will be thine and thou shalt be his 
for ever. Amen. Lord have mercy on this sinner and 
so let it be resolved by thee in him. 

II. The Parts and Practice of a holy life for personal 

20 ' Instructio7is for a Holy Life. 

and family instructions. All is not done when men have 
begmi a religious life."^ All trees that blossom prove not 
fruitful, and all fruit comes not to perfection. Many fall 
off who seemed to have good beginnings ; and many dis- 
honour the name of Christ, by their scandals and infirmi- 
ties. Many do grieve their teachers' hearts and lamentably 
disturb the Church of Christ, by their ignorance, errors, 
self-conceitedness, unruliness, headiness, contentiousness, 
sidings and divisions : insomuch that the scandals and the 
feuds of Christians are t the great impediments of the 
conversion of the infidel and heathen world, by the expos- 
ing Christianity to their contempt and scorn, as if it were 
but the error of men as unholy and worldly and proud as 
others, that can never agree among themselves. And 
many by their passions and selfishness are a trouble to 
their families and neighbours where they live. And more 
by their weaknesses and great distempers, are snares, vexa- 
tions and burdens to themselves. Whereas Christianity 
in its true constitution is a life of such holy light and love, % 
such purity and peace, such fruitfulness and heavenliness, 
as, if it were accordingly shewed forth in the lives of Chris- 
tians, would command admiration and reverence from the 
world and do more to their conversion than swords or 
words alone can do : and it makes Christians useful and 
amiable to each other and their lives a feast and pleasure 
to themselves. I hope it may prove some help to those 
excellent ends and to the securing men's salvation, if in a 
few, sound experienced directions I open to you the duties 
of a Christian life. 

I. Keep still the true form of Christian doctrine^ desire and 
duty., orderly printed on your fuinds : || that is, understand 
it clearly and distinctly and remember it, I mean the great 

* I Corinthians i. 25 : Hebrews iv. i : 2 Peter ii. 22 : i Corinthians iii. : Gala- 
tians iii. and iv. : Matthew xiii. 41, and xviii. 7. 
t Philippians iii. 18, 19: Acts xx. 30. 
X Matthew V. 16: i Peter ii. 18: 2 Corinthians i. 21. 
II 2 Timothy i. 13, and iii. 7: Hebrews v. 12: Philippians i. 9: Romans w. 14. 

The Great Case Resolved. 21 

points of religion contained in Catechisms. You may still 
grow in the clearer understanding of your Catechisms, if 
you live an hundred years. Let not the words only but 
the matter, be as familiar in your minds as the rooms of 
your house are. Such solid knowledge * will establish you 
against seduction and unbelief and will be still within you 
a ready help for every grace and every duty, as the skill of 
an artificer is for his work. And for want of this when 
you come among infidels or heretics, their reasonings may 
' seem unanswerable to you, and shake if not overthrow your 
faith. And you will easily err in lesser points and trouble 
the Church with your dreams and wranglings. This is the 
calamity of many professors, that while they will be most 
censorious judges in every controversy about Church- 
matters they know not well the doctrine of the Catechism. 
II. Live daily by faith on Jesus Christ \ as the Mediator 
betiveen God and you. Being well-grounded in the belief of 
the Gospel and understanding Christ's office, make use of 
him still in all your wants. Think on the fatherly love of 
God, as coming to you through him alone : and of the 
Spirit as given by him your head : and of the covenant of 
grace as enacted and sealed by him : and of the ministry 
as sent by him : and of all times and helps and hopes as 
procured and given by him. When you think of sin and 
infirmity and temptations, think also of his sufficient, par- 
doning, justifying and victorious grace. When thou think est 
of the world, the flesh and the devil, think how he over- 
cometh them. Let his doctrine and the pattern of his 
most perfect life, be always before you as your rule. In 
all your doubts and fears and wants go to him in the 
Spirit and to the Father by him and him alone. Take 
him as the root of your life and mercies, and live as upon 

* Ephesians iv. 13, 14: Colossians i. 9, and ii. 2, and iii. 10: i Timothy vl. 4. 

t John xvii. 3 : Ephesians iii. 17, 18 : Matthew xxviii. 19 : Ephesians i. 22, 23, 
and iv. 6, 16: Romans v.: 2 Corinthians xii. 9: John xvi. 33: \ John v. 4 : 
Hebrews iv. 14, 16, etc. 

2 2 Instructions foi a Holy Life. 

him and by his life ; and when you die resign your soul to 
him that they may be with him ' where he is and see his 
glory.' To live as Christ and use him in every want and 
address to God, is more than a general confused believing 
in him. 

III. To believe in the Holy Ghost as to live a?td work by 
him^ as the body doth by the soul.^ You are not baptized 
into his name in vain ; t but too few understand the sense 
and reason of it. The Spirit is sent by Christ for two 
great works, i. To the apostles and prophets to inspire* 
them infallibly to preach the Gospel % and confirm it by 
miracles and leave it on record for following ages in the 
Holy Scriptures. 2. To all his members || to illuminate 
and sanctify them to believe and obey this sacred doctrine 
— ^beside his common gift to many to understand and 
preach it. The Spirit having first indited § the Gospel 
doth by it first regenerate and after govern, all true believers. 
He is not now given us for the revealing of new doctrines 
but to understand and obey the doctrine revealed and 
sealed by him long ago. ^ As the sun doth by its sweet 
and discreet *'^ influence both give and cherish the natural 
life of things, sensitive and vegetative : so doth Christ by 
his Spirit our spiritual life, ft As you do no work but by 
your natural life you should do none but by your spiritual 
life. You must not only believe and love and pray by it, 
and manage all your calling by it : for ' holiness to the 
Lord ' must be written upon all. All things are sanctified 
to you because you being sanctified to God devote all to 
him and use all for him ; and therefore must do all in the 
strength and conduct of the Spirit. 

* Galatians v. 16, 25. t Matthew xxviii. 19. 

X John xvi. 13: Hebrews ii. 34. 

il I Corinthians xii. 12, 13: Romans viii. 9, 13: John iii. 5, 6. 
§ Spelled 'indicted.' G. ^2 Timothy iii. 15, 16: Jude 19, 20. 

** * Well-timed ' or provident. G. 

tt Ezekiel xxxvi, 27 : Isaiah xliv. 3 : Romans viii. 1,5:1 Corinthians vi. 1 1 : 
Zechariah xiv. 20. 

The Great Case Resolved. 23 

IV. Live wholly upon God as all in all : "^ as the first 
efficient, principal dirigent t and final cause of all things. 
Let faith, hope and love be daily feeding on him. Let 

* our Father which art in heaven ' be first inscribed on your 
hearts that he may seem most amiable to you and you may 
boldly trust him, and filial love may be the spring of duty. 
Make use of the Son and the Spirit to lead you to the 
Father : and of faith in Christ to kindle and keep alive the 
love of God. God's love is our primitive holiness and 
especially called, with its fruits ' our sanctification ' which 

* faith in Christ ' is but a means to. Let it be your prin- 
cipal end in studying Christ, to see the goodness, love and 
amiableness of God in him. A condemning God is not so 
easily loved as a gracious reconciled God. You have so 
much of the Spirit as you have love to God. This is the 
proper gift of the Spirit to all the adopted sons of God, to 
cause them with filial affection and dependance to cry 
' Abba Father.' Know not, desire not, love not any creature 
but purely as subordinate to God. Without him, let it be 
nothing to you, but as the glass without the face or scattered 
letters without the sense or as the corps without the soul. 
Call nothing prqsperity or pleasure but his love : J and 
nothing adversity or misery but his displeasure and the 
cause and the fruits of it. When anything would seem 
lovely and desirable which is against him, call it ' dung.' || 
And hear that man as Satan and the serpent § that would 
entice you from him; and count him but vanity, a worm and 
dust, that would affright you from your duty to him. Fear 
him much but love him more. Let love be the soul and end 
of every duty. IT It is the end and reason of all the rest : 
but it hath no end or reason but its object. Think of 
no other heaven and end and happiness of man but love 

* I Corinthians x. 31: Romans xi. 36: 2 Corinthians v. 7, 8: i John iii, i: 
Romans v, 1-3 : Matthew xxii. 37 : Ephesians i. 6 : 2 Corinthians v. 19 : Galatians 
iv. 4-6. t Sic: cf. Richardson under 'dirge, dirige.' G. 

J Psalm XXX. 5, and Ixiii. 3. II Philippians iii. 7, 8. 

§ Matthew xvi. 13. If 2 Thessalonians iii. 5 : 2 Corinthians xiii. 14. 

24 Instructio7is for a Holy Life. 

the final act and God the final object. Place not your 
religion in anything but the love of God, with its means 
and firuits. Own no grief, desire or joy but a mourning, a 
seeking and a rejoicing love. 

V. Live in the belief mid hopes of heaven., a?id seek it as 
youi" part and etid ; and daily delight your souls in the fore- 
thoughts of the endless sight and love of God.* As God 
is seen on earth but as in a glass so is he proportionably 
enjoyed. But when mourning, seeking love hath done, and 
sin and enemies are overcome, and we behold the glory of 
God in heaven, the delights of love will then be perfect. 
You may desire more on earth than you may hope for. 
Look not for a kingdom of this world, nor for Mount Zion 
in the wilderness. Christ reigneth on earth — as Moses in 
the camp — to guide us to the Land of the promise. Our 
perfect blessedness will be when the kingdom is delivered 
up to the Father and God is all in all. A doubt, or a 
strange, heartless thought of heaven, is water cast on the 
sacred fire, to quench your holiness and your joy. Can 
you travel one whole day to such an end, and never think 
of the place that you are going to? which must be in- 
tended t in every righteous act — either notedly or by the 
ready unobserved act of a potent habit. When earth is at 
the best it will not be heaven. You live no further by 
faith, like Christians, than you either live for heaven in 
seeking it or else upon heaven in hope and joy. 

VI. Labour to make religion your pleasure and delight. 
Look oft to God, to heaven, to Christ, to the Spirit, to the 
promises, to all your mercies. Call over your experiences, 
and think what matter of high delight is still before you, 
and how unseemly it is, and how injurious to your profes- 

* Colossians iii. 1-4: Matthew vi. 19-21, 33: 2 Corinthians iv, 17, 18, and vli. : 
Luke xii. 20 : Hebrews vi. 20 : 1 Corinthians xv, 28 : Ephesians iv. 6, and i. 23 : 
Philippians iii. 18, 20 : Psalm' Ixxiii. 25, 26 : John xviii. 36. 

t Psalm i. 2, 3: Ixxxiv. 2, 10: Ixiii. 3, 5: xxxvii. 4: xci. 19: cxix. 47, 70: 
Isaiah Iviii. 14: Psalm cxii. 1: Romans xiv. 17, and v. i, 3, 5 : i Peter i. 8: 
Matthew V. ii, 12: Psalm xxxii. 11. 

The Great Case Resolved. 25 

sion for one that saith he hopeth for heaven, to live as 
sadly as those that have no higher hopes than earth. How 
should that man be filled with joy, who must live in the 
joys of heaven for ever ! Especially rejoice when the 
messengers of death do tell you that your endless joy is 
near. If God and heaven with all our mercies in the way, 
be not reason enough for a joyful life, there can be none 
at all. Abhor all suggestions which would make religion 
seem a tedious, irksome life. And take care that you 
represent it not so to others \ for you will never make them 
in love with that which you make them not perceive to be 
delectable and lovely. Not as the hypocrite, by forcing 
and framing his religion to his carnal mind and pleasure : 
but bringing up the heart to a holy suitableness to the 
pleasures of religion. 

VII. Watch as for your souls against this flattering, 
tempting world :^ especially when it is represented as more 
sweet and delectable than God and holiness and heaven. 
This world with its pleasures, wealth and honours, is it 
that is put in the balance by Satan, against God and holi- 
ness and heaven : and no man shall have better than he 
chooseth and prefereth. The bait taketh advantage of the 
brutish part when reason is asleep : and if by the help of 
sense it get the throne, the beast will ride and rule the man : 
and reason becomes a slave to sensuality. When you hear 
the serpent, see his sting and see death attending the for- 
bidden fruit. When you are rising look down and see how 
far you have to fall ! His reason as well as faith, is weak, 
who for such fools-gawds as the pomp and vanities of this 
world, can forget God and his soul and death and judgment, 
heaven and hell, yea and deliberately command them to 
stand by. What knowledge or experience can do good on 
that man who will venture so much for such a world, which 

* Galatians vi. 14 : i John ii. 15, 16 : James i. 27 and iv, 4, 5 : i John v. 4, 5 : 
Romans xii, 2 : Galatians i. 4 : Titus ii. 12 : Matthew xix. 24 : Luke xii. 16, 21 and 
xvi. 25 : James i. 11 and v. i, 2, 4 : Luke viii. 14 : Hebrews xi. 26. 

26 Tnstriictio7is for a Holy Life. 

all that have tried it, call vanity at the last ? How deplor- 
able then is a wordling's case ! Oh fear the world when it 
smileth or seems sweet and amiable. Love it not if you 
love your God and your salvation. 

VIII. Fly from temptations and crucify the flesh and 
keep a constant government over your appetite ajid senses.^ 
Many who had no designed, stated vice or worldly interest, 
have shamefully fallen by the sudden surprise of appetite 
and lust. When custom hath taught those to be greedy 
and violent, like a hungry dog or a lusting boar, it is not a 
sluggish wish or purpose that will mortify or rule them. 
How dangerous a ca,se is that man in who hath so greedy 
a beast continually to restrain ! that if he do but neglect 
his watch an hour, is ready to run him headlong into hell ! 
Who can be safe that standeth long on so terrible a preci- 
pice ? The tears and sorrows of many years may perhaps 
not repair the loss which one hour or act may bring. The 
case of David and many others, are dreadful warnings. 
Know what it is you are most in danger of: whether lust 
and idleness or excess in meats or drinks or play : and 
there set your strongest watch for your preservation. Make 
it your daily business to mortify that lust, and scorn that 
your brutish sense or appetite should conquer reason. 
Yet trust not purposes alone : but away from the tempta- 
tion. Touch not, yea look not on the tempting bait : keep 
far enough off if you desire to be safe. What miseries 
come from small beginnings ! Temptation leads to sin, and 
small sins to greater, and those to hell. And sin and hell 
are not to be played with. Open your sin or temptation 
to some friend, that shame may save you from danger. 

IX. Keep up a constant^ skilful governmeiit over your 
passions and your tongues, t To this end keep a tender 

* Romans viii. i, 13 : Galatians v. 24 : Romans xiii. 14 : Galatians v. 17 : Jude 
8, 23 : 2 Peter ii. 10 : Ephesians ii. 3 : i Peter ii. 11 : Matthew vi. 13 : xxvi. 41 : 
Luke viii. 13. 

t James i. 19 : iii. 17 : i Peter iii. 4 : Matthew v. 5 : Ephesians iv. 2, 3 : Colos- 
sians iii. 12. 

The Great Case Resolved. 27 

conscience, which will smart when in any of these you 
sin. Let holy passions be well-ordered ; and selfish, carnal 
passions, be restrained. Let your tongues know their 
duties to God and man* and labour to be skilfiil and 
resolute in performing them. Know all the sins of the 
tongue, that you may avoid them : for your innocency and 
peace do much depend on the prudent government of your 

X. Govern your thoughts with co7ista7it skilful dilige^ice, t 
In this, rigid habits and affections will do much by inclining 
them unto good. It's easy to think on that which we love. 
Be not unfurnished of matter for your thoughts to work 
upon : and often retire yourselves for serious meditation. 
Be not so solitary and deep in musings as to over-stretch 
your thoughts and confound your minds or take you off 
from necessary converse with others. But be sure that you 
be considerate and dwell much at home, and converse most 
with your consciences and your God, with whom you have 
the greatest business. Leave not your thoughts unem- 
ployed or ungoverned, scatter them not abroad upon 
impertinent vanities ! O that you knew what daily business 
you have for them. Most men are wicked, deceived and 
undone, because they are inconsiderate and dare not or 
will not, retiredly and soberly use their reason : or use it but 
as a slave in chains in the service of their passion, lust and 
interest. He was never wise or good or happy, who was 
not soberly and impartially considerate. How to be good, 
to do good and finally enjoy good, must be the sum of all 
your thoughts. Keep them first holy, then charitable, clean 
and chaste. And quickly check them when they look 
towards sin. 

XI. Let time be exceeding precious in your eyes, a?id care- 

* James i. 26 : iii. 5, 6 : Psalm xxxiv. 13 : Proverbs xviii. 21. 

t Deuteronomy xv. 9 : 2 Corinthians x. 5 : Genesis vi. 5 : Psalm x. 4, and xciv. 
19: cxix. 113: Proverbs xii. 5, and xv. 26: Psalm cxix. 59: Proverbs xxx. 32: 
Jeremiah iv. 14 : Deuteronomy xxxii. 29. 

28 Instructions for a Holy Life. 

fully and diligently redeem it. * What haste doth it make ! 
and how quickly will it be gone ! and then how highly will 
it be valued when a minute of it can never be recalled ! 
O what important business have we for every moment of 
our time, if we should live a thousand years ! Take not 
that man to be well in his wits or to know his God, his end, 
his work or his danger, who hath time to spare. Redeem 
it not only from needless sports and plays and idleness and 
curiosity and compliment and excess of sleep and chat and 
worldliness : but also from the entanglements of lesser good 
which would hinder you from greater. Spend time as men 
that are ready to pass into another world, where every 
minute must be accounted for ; and it must go with us for 
ever as we lived here. Let not health deceive you into 
the expectation of living long, and so into a senseless 
negligence. See your glass running and keep a reckoning 
of the expense of time : and spend it just as you would 
review it when it is gone. 

XII. Let the love of all in their several capacities., hecofne 
as it were your very nature : and doing them all the good 
you can be very much of the business of your lives. God 
must be loved in all his creatures, his natural image on all 
men and his spiritual image on his saints. Our neighbour 
must be loved as our natural selves, that is, our natural 
neighbour as our natural self, with a love of benevolence : 
and our spiritual neighbour as our spiritual self, with a love 
of complacence. In opposition to complacente we may 
hate our sinful neighbour, as we must ourselves, much 
more. But in opposition to benevolence we must neither 
hate ourselves, our neighbour or our enemy. O that men 

* Ephesians v. i6 : John xiv. i, 2 : Acts xvii. 21 : i Corinthians vii. 29 : 2 Cor- 
inthians vi. 2 : John ix. 4 : Luke xix. 42, 44 : Psalms xxxix. 4 : Matthew xxv. 10, 12. 

ti Timothy i. 5, 6 : Matthew xix. 19; Romans xiii. 10 : i John i. 16 : Ephesians 
iv. 2, 15, 16 : Colossians ii, 2, andi. 4 : i Timothy vi. 11 : James iii. 17 : Philippians 
ii. 1,2: I Thessalonians iv, 9 : John xiii. 35 : Matthew v. 44, 45 : i Corinthians 
xiii. : Jamqs iv. ii : Galalians vi. 10: Titus ii. 14 : Philippians ii. 20, 21 : Romans 
XV. I, 3. 

TJie Great Case Resolved, 2 9 

knew how much of Christianity doth consist in love 
and doing good. With what eyes do they read the Gospel 
who see not this in every page ? Abhor all that selfishness, 
pride and passion which are the enemies of love : and those 
opinions and factions and censurings and back-bitings, 
which would destroy it. Take him that speaketh evil of 
another to you without a just cause and call, to be Satan's 
messenger, entreating you to hate your brother or to abate 
your love. For to persuade you that a man is bad is di- 
rectly to persuade you so far to hate him. Not that the 
good and bad must be confounded : but love will call none 
bad without constraining evidence. Rebuke back-biters. 
Hurt no man and speak evil of no man ; unless it be not 
only just but necessarily to some greater good. Love is 
lovely : they that love shall be beloved ; hating and 
hurting makes men hateful. ' Love thy neighbour as thy- 
self,' and ' do as thou wouldst be done by,' are the golden 
rules of our duty to men : which must be deeply wTitten on 
your hearts. For want of this there is nothing so false, so 
bad, so carnal which you may not be drawn to think or say or 
do against your brethren. Selfishness and want of love do 
as naturally tend to ambition and covetousness, and thence 
to cruelty against all that stand in the w^ay of their desires, 
as the nature of a wolf to kill the lambs. All factions and 
contentions and persecutions in the world, proceed from 
selfishness and want of charity. Devouring malice is the 
devilish nature. Be as zealous in doing good to all as 
Satan's servants are in hurting. Take it as the use of all 
your talents, and use them as you would hear of it at last. 
Let it be your business and not a matter on the by : 
especially for public good and men's salvation. And what 
you cannot do yourselves, persuade others to. Give them 
good books : and draw them to the means which are most 
like to profit them. 

XIII. Understand the right terms of Church-communion : 
especially the unity of the universal church and the univer- 

30 Listructioiis fo7' a Holy Life. 

sal communion which you must hold with all the parts and 
the difference between the Church as visible and invisible. 
For want of these how woeful are our divisions ! Read oft 
I Corinthians xii., and Ephesians iv. 1-17 : John xvii. 
21-23 : Actsiv. 32; ii. 42 : i Corinthians i. 10, 11, 13 : iii. 3 : 
Romans xvi. 17: Philippians ii. 1-4: i Thessalonians v. 

12, 13 : Acts XX. 30 : i Corinthians xi. 19 : Titus iii. 10 : 
James iii. : Colossians i. 4 : Hebrews x. 25 : Acts viii. 12, 

13, 37 : I Corinthians i. 2, 13 : iii. 3, 4 : xi. 18, 21. Study 
these well. You must have union and communion in faith 
and love with all the Christians in the world. And refuse 
not local communion when you have a just call so far as 
they put you not on sinning. Let your usual meeting 
be with the purest church, if you lawfully may — and still 
respect the public good — but sometimes occasionally 
communicate with defective, faulty churches, so be it they 
are true Christians and put you not on sin : that so you 
may show that you own them as Christians, though you 
disown their corruptions. Think not your presence maketh 
all the faults of ministry, worship or people to be yours — 
for then I would join with no Church in the world. Know 
that as the mystical church consisteth of heart-covenanters, 
so doth the Church as visible consist of verbal-covenanters, 
which make a credible profession of consent : and that 
nature and scripture teacheth us to take every man's word 
as credible, till perfidiousness forfeit his credit : which for- 
feiture must be proved, before any sober profession can be 
taken for an insufficient title. Grudge not then at the 
communion of any professed Christian in the Church 
visible* — though we must do our part to cast out the ob- 
stinately impertinent by discipline : which, if we cannot 
do, the fault is not ours. The presence of hypocrites is 
no hurt but oft a mercy to the sincere. How small else 
would the Church seem in the world ! Outward privileges 

♦Matthew xiii. 29, 41. 

The Great Case Resolved. 31 

belong to outward covenanters and inward mercies to the 
sincere. Division is wounding and tends to death.* Abhor 
it if you love the Church's welfare or your own. ^ The 
wisdom from above is first pure then peaceable.' Never 
separate what God conjoineth. It is the earthly, sensual, 
devilish wisdom which causeth bitter envying and strife and 
confusion and every evil word. ' Blessed are the peace- 

XIV. Take heed of pride a7id self -conceitedfiess in religion'^: . 
If once you over- value your own understandings, your crude 
conceptions and gross mistakes will delight you as some 
supernatural light ; and instead of having compassion on 
the weak, you will be unruly and despisers of your guides 
and censorious contemners of all that differ from you, and 
persecutors of them if you have power, and will . think all 
intolerable that take you not as oracles and your word as 
law. Forget not that the Church hath always suffered by 
censorious, worldly professors on the one hand — and O 
what divisions and scandals have they caused ! — as well 
by the profane and persecutors on the other. Take heed 
of both : and when contentions are afoot be quiet and 
silent and not too froward, and keep up a zeal for love and 

XV. Be faithful and conscio7iable in all your relatio7is. 
Honour and obey your parents and other superiors. Despise 
not and resist not government. If you suffer unjustly 
by them, be humbled for those sins, which cause God to 
turn your protectors into afHictors. And instead of 
mumiuring and rebelling against them, reform yourselves 
and then commit yourselves to God. Princes and pastors 
I will not speak to : subjects and servants and children, 
must obey their superiors as the officers of God. 

* John xvi. 2 : i Corinthians i. lo : Romans xvi. 17 : James iii. 14-18. 

1 1 Timothy iii. 6 : Colossians ii. 18 : i Corinthians viii. i ; iv. 6 : i Timothy vi. 
4 : 1 Peter v. 5 : James iii, i, 17 : Ephesians v. and vi. : Colossians iii. and iv. : 
Romans xiii. i, 7 : i Peter ii. 13, 15. 

32 Instructions for a Holy Life. 

XVI. Keep up the government of God in your families.'^ 
Holy families must be the chief preservers of the interest 
of religion in the world. Let not the world turn God's 
service into a customary, lifeless form. Read the scrip- 
ture and edifying books to them ; talk with them seriously 
about the state of their souls and everlasting life ; pray with 
them fervently; watch over them diligently; be angry 
against sin and meek in your own cause ; be examples of 
wisdom, holiness and patience ; and see that the Lord's 
day be spent in holy preparation for eternity. 

XVII. Let your callings he managed i7i holiness and 
labor ious7iess.\ Live not in idleness; be not slothful in 
your work be you bound or free ; in the sweat of your 
brows you must eat your bread, and labour the six days 
that you may have to give to him that needeth : slothful- 
ness is sensuality as well as filthier sins. The body that is 
able must have fit employments as well as the soul, or else 
body and soul will fare the worse ; but let all be but as 
the labour of a traveller, and aim at God and heaven in all. 

XVIII. Deprive not yourself of the benefit of an able^ 
faithful pastor, X to whom you may open your case in 
secret, or at least of a holy faithful friend :|| and be not 
displeased at their free reproofs.§ Woe to him that is 
alone ! How blind and partial we are in our own cause ! 
and how hard it is to know ourselves without an able, 
faithful helper ! You forfeit this great mercy when you 
love a flatterer, and angrily defend your sin. 

XIX. Prepare for sickness, sufferings and death, IF Over- 
value not prosperity nor the favours of man. If selfish 
man prove false and cruel to you, even those of whom 
you have deserved best, marvel not at it, but pray for your 

* Command iv: Joshua xxiv. 15 : Deut. vi. 6-8 : Daniel vi. 

t Hebrews xiii. 5 : Cojnmand iv. : 2 Thessalonians iii. 10, 12 : i Thessa- 
lonians iv. 7 : i Timothy v. 13 : Proverbs xxxi. : i Corinthians vii. 29. 

X Malachi ii. 7. 

II Ecclesiastes iv. 10, 11. § Proverbs xii, i ; xv. 30, 31 : Hebrews iii. 13. 

H Luke xii. 40 : 2 Peter i. 10 : PhiHppians i. 21, 23 : Jeremiah ix. 4, 5 : Matthew 
vii. 4, 5 : 2 Corinthians v. 1-2, 4, 8. 

The Great Case Resolved. 33 

enemies, persecutors and slanderers, that God would turn 
their hearts and pardon them. What a mercy is it to be 
driven from the world to God, when the love of the world 
is the greatest danger of the soul ! Be ready to die and 
you are ready for anything. Ask your hearts seriously, 
what is it that I shall need at a dying hour ? And let it 
speedily be got ready and not be to seek in the time of 
your extremity. 

XX. Understand the true method of peace of conscience : 
and judge not the state of your souls upon deceitful grounds. 
x\s presumptuous hopes do keep men from conversion and 
embolden them to sin : so causeless fears do hinder our 
love and praise of God, by obscuring his loveliness : and 
they destroy our thankfulness and our delight in God, and 
make us a burden to ourselves and a grievous stumbl- 
ing-block to others. The general grounds of all your 
comfort are (i) the gracious nature of God* (2) the suffi- 
ciency of Christ t and (3) the truth and universality of 
the promise % which giveth Christ and life to all, if they 
will accept him. But this acceptance is the proof of your 
particular title, without which these do but aggravate your 
sin. Consent to God's covenant is the true condition and 
proof of your title to God as your Father, Saviour and 
Sanctifier, and so to the saving blessings of the covenant : 
which consent, if you survive, must produce the duties 
which you consent to. He that heartily consenteth that 
God be his God, his Saviour and Sanctifier, is in a state 
of life. But this includeth|| the rejection of the world. 
Much knowledge, and memory, and utterance, and lively 
affection, are all very desirable. But you must judge your 
state by none of these, for they are all uncertain. But i. 
If God and holiness and heaven have the highest esti- 

* Exodus xxxiv. 6. t Hebrews vii. 25. 

X John iv. 42 : John iii. 16 : i Timothy iv. 10 ; ii. 4 : Matthew xxviii. 19, 20 : 
Rev. xxii. 17 : Isaiah Iv. 1-3, 6, 7, 

II Luke XIV. 26, 33 : i John ii. 15 : Matt. vi. 19, 20, 21, 33 : Colossians iii. i, 2 : 
Romans viii. i, 13. 

34 Instructions f 01' a Holy Life. 

mation by your practical judgment, as being esteemed best 
for you : 2. And be preferred in the choice and resolution 
of your wills and that habitually before all the pleasures 
of the world : 3. And be first and chiefly sought in your 
endeavours : this is the infallible proof of your sanctification. 
Christian, upon long and serious study and experience I 
dare boldly commend these Directions to thee, as the 
w^ay to God, w^hich will end in blessedness. The Lord 
resolve and strengthen thee to obey them. This is the true 
constitution of Christianity : this is true godliness : and 
this is to be religious indeed : all this is no more than to 
be seriously such as all among us in general would prefer 
to be. This is the religion which must difference you from 
hypocrites, which must settle you in peace and make you 
an honour to your profession and a blessing to those that 
dwell about you. Happy is the land, the church, the 
family, which doth consist of such as these ! These are 
not they that either persecute or divide the church or that 
make their religio?i a servant to their policy, to their am- 
bitious designs or fleshly lusts ; nor that make it the bellows 
of sedition or rebellion or of an envious hurtful zeal or a 
pistol to shoot at the upright in heart. These are not they 
that have been the shame of their profession, to harden- 
ing of ungodly men and infidels, and that have caused the 
enemies of the Lord to blaspheme. If any man will make 
a religion of or for his lusts : of Papal tyranny, or Phari- 
saical formality, or of his private opinions, or of proud 
censoriousness and contempt of others : and of faction and 
unwarrantable separations and divisions and of standing at 
a more observable distance from common professors of 
Christianity than God would have them, or yet of pulling 
up the hedge of discipline and laying Christ's vineyard 
common to the wilderness — the storm is coming when this 
religion founded on the sand will fall '^ and great will be the 
fall thereof" When the religion which consisteth in faith 
and love to God and man, in mortifying the flesh and 

The Great Case Resolved. 35 

crucifying the world, in self-denial, humility and patience 
in sincere obedience and faithfulness in all relations, in 
watchful self-government, in doing good and in a divine 
and heavenly life, though it will be hated by the ungodly 
world — shall never be a dishonour to your Lord nor de- 
ceive or disappoint your soul. 

A Short Catechism. 

Qtiest. I. What is the Christian Religion? 
A71S. The Christian Religion is the baptismal-covenant 
made and kept : wherein God the Father, Son and Holy 
Ghost, doth give Himself to be our reconciled God and 
Father, our Saviour and Sanctifier : and we believingly give 
up ourselves accordingly to Him, renouncing the ^' flesh, 
the world and the devil." Which covenant is to be oft 
renewed, specially in the sacrament of the Lord's Supper. 

Qiiesi. 2. Where is our covenant-part and duty fullier 
opened ? 

Ans. I. In the Creed, as the sum of our belief. 

„ 2. In the Lord's Prayer, as the sum of our desires. 

„ 3. And in the Ten Commandments (as given us 

by Christ, with the Gospel-explanations) as 

the sum of our practice. Which are as fol- 

loweth — 


I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven 
and earth ; and in Jesus Christ his only Son our Lord, who 
was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, 
suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and 
buried : he descended into hell ; the third day he rose 
again from the dead ; he ascended into heaven, and sitteth 
on the right hand of God the Father Almighty ; from thence 
he shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe 
in the Holy Ghost ; the holy catholic church ; the com- 

;^6 Listimdioiis for a Holy Life. 

munion of saints ; the forgiveness of sins ; the resurrection 
of the body ; and the life everlasting. Amen. 

THE lord's prayer. 

Our Father, which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth, as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us 
our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into 
temptation ; but deliver us from evil : For thine is the king- 
dom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen. 


I. I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee 
out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 
Thou shalt have no other gods before me. 

II. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, 
•or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or 
that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under 
the earth : Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor 
serve them : for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, 
visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto 
the third and fourth generation of them that hate me ; 
and shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, 
and keep my commandments. 

III. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy 
God in vain : for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that 
taketh his name in vain. 

IV. Remember the Sabbath-day, to keep it holy. Six 
days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work : but the seventh 
day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God : in it thou shalt 
not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy 
man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy 
stranger that is within thy gates : for in six days the Lord 
made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, 
and rested the seventh day : wherefore the Lord blessed 
the sabbath-day, and hallowed it. 

The Great Case Resolved. 37 

V. Honour thy father and thy mother : that thy days 
may be long upon the Land which the Lord thy God giveth 

VI. Thou shalt not kill. 
VII. Thou shalt not commit adultery. 

VIII. Thou shalt not steal. 
IX. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy 

X. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou 
shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his man-servant, 
nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing 
that is thy neighbour's. 

Quest. 3. Where is the Christian Religion most fully 
opened and entirely contained ? 

A?is. In the Holy Scriptures, especially of the New 
Testament : where, by Christ and his Apostles and Evan- 
gelists, inspired by His Spirit, the history of Christ and His 
Apostles is sufficiently delivered, the promises and doctrines 
of faith are perfected, the covenant of grace more clearly 
opened and church-offices, worship and discipline esta- 
blished : on the understanding whereof the strongest Chris- 
tians may increase while they live on earth. . 

77ie explained Profession of the Christian Religion. 

I. I believe that there is One God, an infinite Spirit 
of life, understanding and will : perfectly powerful, wise 
and good : the Father, the Word and the Spirit, the Creator, 
Governor and End of all things : our absolute Owner, our 
most just Ruler and our most gracious Benefactor and most 
amiable Lord. 

II. I believe that man being made in the image of 
God, an embodied spirit of life, understanding and will, 
with holy suavity, wisdom and love, to know and love and 
serve his Creator here and for ever, did by wilful sin- 
ning fall from his God, his holiness and innocency, under 
the wrath of God, the condemnation of his Law, and the 

38 Listriiciio7is for a Holy Life. 

slavery of the flesh, the world and the devil. And that 
God so loved the world that He gave His only Son to be 
their Redeemer, who being God and one with the Father, 
took our nature and became man : being conceived of the 
Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, called Jesus Christ, 
who was perfectly holy [and] sinless, fulfilling all righteous- 
ness, overcame the devil and the world and gave Himself 
a sacrifice for our sins, by suffering a cursed death on the 
cross, to ransom us and reconcile us unto God : and was 
buried and went among the dead : the third day He rose 
again, having conquered death. And He fully established 
the covenant of grace, that all that truly repent and believe 
shall have the love of the Father, the grace of the Son and 
the communion of the Holy Spirit ; and if they love God 
and obey him sincerely to the death, they shall be glorified 
with him in heaven for ever ; and the unbelievers, impeni- 
tent and ungodly shall go to everlasting punishment. And 
having commanded his Apostles to preach the Gospel to 
all the world and promised His Spirit, He ascended into 
heaven : where He is the glorified Head over all things 
to the Church and our prevailing Intercessor with the 
Father : who will there receive the departed souls of the 
justified : and at the end of this world will come again and 
rouse all the dead and will judge all according to their 
works and justly execute his Judgment. 

III. I believe that God the Holy Spirit was given by 
the Father and the Son, to the prophets, apostles and 
evangelists, to be their infallible guide in preaching and 
recording the doctrine of salvation : and the witness of its 
certain truth, by his manifold Divine operations : and to 
question, illuminate and sanctify all the believers, that 
they may renounce the flesh, the world and the devil. 
And all that are thus sanctified are one holy and catholic 
Church of Christ and must live in holy communion and 
have the pardon of their sins and shall have everlasting 

The Great Case Resolved, 39 

The Covenant or Covenants. — Believing in God the 
Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I do perfectly, absolutely 
and resolutely give up myself to Him, my Creator and 
reconciled God and Father, my Saviour and Sanctifier : 
and repenting of my sins I renounce the devil, the world 
and the sinful desires of the flesh : and denying myself and 
taking up my cross, I consent to follow Christ the capta,in 
of my salvation, in hope of His promised grace and glory. 

A short Catechism for those that have learned the first. 

Quest . I. What do you believe concerning God? 

Ans. There is one only God, an infinite Spirit of life, 
understanding and will, most perfectly powerful, wise and 
good : the Father, the Word and the Spirit : the Creator, 
Governor and End of all things : our absolute Owner, our 
most just Ruler, and our most gracious and most amiable 

Quest . 2. What believe you of the Creation, and the 
nature of man and the law which was given to him ? 

Ans. God created all the world : and made man in his 
own image, an embodied spirit of life, understanding and 
will, with holy liveliness, wisdom and love : to know and 
and love serve his Maker here and for ever : and gave him 
the inferior creatures for his use ; but forbad him to eat of 
the tree of knowledge upon pain of death. 

-,. Quest. 3. What believe you of man's fall into sin and 
misery ? 

Ans. Man being tempted by Satan, did by wilful sin- 
ning fall from his holiness, his innocency, and his happi- 
ness, under the justice of God, the condemnation of his 
Law, and the slavery of the flesh, the world and the devil ; 
whence sinful, guilty and miserable natures are propagated 
to all mankind : and no mere creature is able to deliver us. 

Quest. 4. What believe you of man's Redemption by 
Jesus Christ? 

40 Instructions for a Holy Life. 

Ans. God so loved the world that He gave His only 
Son to be their Saviour : Who being God and One with 
the Father, took our nature and became man : being con- 
ceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary and 
called Jesus Christ : Who was perfectly holy, without sin, 
fulfilling all righteousness : and overcame the devil and the 
world ; and gave himself a sacrifice for our sins, by suffering 
a cursed death on the Cross to ransom us and reconcile 
us unto God : and was buried and went among the dead : 
the third day He rose again, having conquered death ; and 
having sealed the New Covenant with His blood. He com- 
manded His apostles and other ministers, to preach the 
Gospel to all the world : and promised the Holy Ghost : 
and then ascended into heaven, where He is God and 
man, the glorified Head over all things to His Church, 
and our prevailing intercessor with God the Father. 

Quest. 5. What is the New Testament or Covenant or 
law of grace ? 

Ans. God through Jesus Christ doth freely give to all 
mankind Himself, to be their reconciled God and Father, 
the Son to be their Saviour, and the Holy Spirit to be 
their Sanctifier, if they will believe and accept the gift and 
will give up themselves to Him accordingly : repenting of 
their sins and consenting to forsake the devil, the world 
and the flesh, and sincerely, though not perfectly, to obey 
Christ and the Spirit to the end, according to the law of 
nature and the gospel institutions, that they may be glori- 
fied in heaven for ever. 

Quest. 6. What believe ye of the Holy Ghost ? 

Ans. God the Holy Ghost was given by the Father 
and the Son to the prophets, apostles and evangelists, to 
be their infallible guide in preaching and recording the 
doctrine of salvation : and the witness of its certain truth 
by his manifold Divine operations. And He is given to 
quicken, illuminate and sanctify all true believers, and to 
save them from the devil, the world and the flesh. 

The Great Case Resolved, 41 

Quest. 7. What believe *you of the holy Catholic 
Church, the communion of saints and the forgiveness of 

A71S. All that truly consent to the baptismal covenant, 
are one sanctified Church or Body of Christ, and have com- 
munion in the same spirit of faith and love, and have the 
forgiveness of all their sins : and all that by baptism 
sensibly covenant and that continue to profess Christianity 
and holiness, are the universal visible Church or state : 
and must keep holy communion with love and peace in 
the particular Churches : in the doctrine, worship and order 
instituted by Christ. 

Qiiest. 8. What believe you of the Resurrection and 
everlasting life ? 

Ans. At death the souls of the justified go to happi- 
ness with Christ, and the souls of the wicked to misery : 
and at the end of the world Christ will come in glory and 
will raise the bodies of all men from death and will judge 
all according to their works : and the righteous shall go 
into everlasting life where being made perfect themselves, 
they shall see God and perfectly love and praise Him, with 
Christ and all the glorified Church : and the rest into ever- 
lasting punishment. 

Quest. 9. You have told me what you believe : Tell me 
now what is the full resolution and desire of your will con- 
cerning all this which you believe. 

Afis. Believing in God the Father, Son and Holy 
Spirit, I do presently, absolutely and resolutely give up 
myself to Him, my Creator and reconciled God and 
Father, my Saviour and my Sanctifier ! And repenting of 
my sins I renounce the devil, the world and the sinful 
desires of the flesh. And denying myself and taking up 
my cross, I consent to follow Christ, the captain of my 
Salvation ; in hope of the grace and glory promised. 
Which I daily desire and beg as He hath taught me saying 
Our Father which art in heaven, etc. 

42 Insti'iidioJis fiV a Holy Life, 

Quest. 10. What is the practice which by this covenant 
you are obHged to ? 

A?is, According to the law of nature and Christ's in- 
stitutions I must — desiring perfection — sincerely obey Him 
in a life of faith and hope and love : loving God as God 
for Himself above all, and loving myself as His servant, 
especially my soul, and seeking its holiness and salvation : 
and loving my neighbour as myself I must avoid all 
idolatry of mind and body, and must worship God according 
to His Word, by learning and meditating on His Word : by 
prayer, thanksgiving, and praise and use of his Sacrament.* 

I must not profane but holily use His holy name : I must 
keep holy the Lord's Day, especially in communion with 
tlie Church-assemblies : I must honour and obey my pa- 
rents, magistrates, pastors and other rulers : I must not 
wrong my neighbour in thought, word or deed, in his soul, 
his body, his chastity, estate, right or propriety [=pro- 
perty] : but do him all the good I can : and do as I would 
be done by : which is summed up in the Ten Command- 
mxcnts ' God spake these words, saying,' etc. 

A Prayer for Fainilies m the method of the Lord^s Prayer^ 
beiiig but an Expositmi of it. Most glorious God, who art 
Power and Wisdom and Goodness itself, the Creator of all 
things : the Owner, the Ruler and the Benefactor of the 
Avorld : though by sin, original and natural we were Thy 
enemies, the slaves of Satan and our flesh, and under Thy 
displeasure and the condemnation of Thy Law : yet Thy 
children redeemed by Jesus Christ Thy Son, and regene- 
rated by Thy Holy Spirit, have leave to call Thee their 
reconciled Father. For by Thy covenant of grace Thou hast 
given them Thy Son to be their Head, their Teacher and 
their Saviour : and in Him Thou hast pardoned, adopted and 
sanctified them : sealing and preparing them for Thy 

* The Lord's Supper and other Church-ordinances are referred to in the Vlllth 
day's Conference, and more fully in my ' Universal Concord.' — fSee my List of 
Baxter's Writings. G.] 

TJie Great Case Resolved. 43 

celestial kingdom and beginning in them that holy life and 
light and love which shall be perfected with Thee in ever- 
lasting Glory. O with what wondrous love hast Thou 
loved us, that of rebels we should be made the sons of God ! 
Thou hast advanced us to this dignity that we might be 
elevated wholly to Thee as Thine own, and might delight- 
fully obey Thee and actively love Thee with all our heart : 
and so might glorify Thee here and forever. 

O cause both us and all Thy churches, and all the 
world, to hallow Thy great and holy name ! and to live to 
Thee as our ultimate end : that Thy shining image and holy 
soul may glorify Thy divine perfection. 

And cause both us and all the earth to cast off the 
tyranny of Satan and the flesh and to acknowledge Thy 
supreme authority and to become the kingdoms of Thee 
and Thy Son Jesus, by a willing and absolute subjection. 
O perfect Thy kingdom of grace in ourselves and in the 
world and hasten the kingdom of glory. 

And cause us and thy churches and all people of the 
earth no more to be ruled by the lusts of the flesh and 
their erroneous conceits, and by self-will, which is the idol 
of the wicked : but by Thy perfect wisdom and holy will 
revealed in Thy laws. Make known Thy Word to all the 
world and send them the messengers of grace and peace : 
and cause men to understand, believe and obey the Gospel 
of salvation, and that with such holiness, unity and love, 
that the Earth which is now too like hell may be made 
liker unto heaven : and not only Thy scattered, imperfect 
flock but those also who in their carnal and ungodly minds 
do now refuse a holy life and think Thy word and ways too 
strict, may desire to imitate even the heavenly Church : 
where Thou art obeyed and loved and praised, with high 
delight, in harmony and perfection : 

And because our being is the subject of our well-being, 
maintain us in the life which Thou hast here given us, until 
the work of life be finished : and give us such health of 

44 Instructio?is for a Holy Life. 

mind and body and such protection and supply of all our 
wants as shall fit us for our duty and make us contented 
with our daily bread and patient if we want it. And 
save us from the love of the riches and honours and plea- 
sures of this world ; and the pride, and idleness and sen- 
suality which they cherish. And cause us to serve Thy 
Providence by our diligent labours, and to serve Thee 
faithfully with all that Thou givest us. And let us not 
make provision for the flesh to satisfy its desires and 

And we beseech Thee of Thy mercy, through the sacri- 
fice and propitiation of Thy beloved Son, forgive us all our 
sins, original and actual, from our birth to this hour : our 
omissions of duty and committing what Thou didst forbid : 
our sins of heart and word and deed ; our sinful thoughts 
and affections, our sinful passions and discontents, our secret 
and our open sins, our sins of negligence and ignorance 
and rashness : but especially our sins against knowledge 
and conscience, which have made the deepest guilt and 
wounds. Spare us O Lord and let not our sins so find us 
out as to be our ruin : but let us so find them out as truly 
to repent and turn to Thee ! Especially punish us not with 
the loss of Thy grace ! Take not Thy Holy Spirit from us 
and deny us not Thy assistance and holy operations. 
Seal to us by that Spirit the pardon of our sins, and lift up 
the light of Thy countenance upon us and give us the joy 
of Thy favour and salvation. And let thy love and mercy 
so fill us not only with thankfulness to Thee : but with 
love and mercy to our brethren and our enemies, that we 
may heartily forgive them that do us wrong, as through Thy 
grace we hope we do. And for the time to come, suffer us 
not to cast ourselves wilfully into temptations : but care- 
fully to avoid them and resolutely to resist and conquer 
what we cannot avoid. And O sanctify those inward sins 
and lusts which are our constant and most dangerous 
temptations : and let us not be tempted by Satan or the 

I The Great Case Resolved. 45 

world, or tried by Thy judgments above the strength which 
Thy grace shall give us. Save us from a fearless confidence 
in our own strength. And let us not dally with the snare 
nor taste the bait nor play with the fire of Thy wrath : 
but cause us to fear and depart from evil : lest before we 
are aware we be entangled and overcome and wounded 
with our guilt and with Thy wrath, and our end should be 
worse than our beginning. Especially save us from those 
radical sins of error and unbelief, pride, hypocrisy, hard- 
heartedness, sensuality, slothfulness and the love of the 
present world and the loss of our love to Thee, to Thy 
kingdom and Thy ways. 

And save us from the malice of Satan and of wicked 
men and from the evils which our sins would bring upon 

And as we crave all this from Thee, we humbly render 
our praises with our future service to Thee ! Thou art the 
king of all the Avorld and more than the life of all the living ! 
Thy kingdom is everlasting ! Wise and just and merciful is 
Thy government. Blessed are they that are Thy faithful 
subjects. But who hath hardened himself against Thee and 
hath prospered? The whole creation proclaimeth Thy per- 
fection : But it is to heaven where the blessed see Thy glory 
and the glory of our Redeemer, where the angels and saints 
behold Thee, admire Thee, adore Thee, love Thee, and 
praise Thee with triumphant, joyful songs, the holy, holy, 
holy God, the Father, Son and Holy Ghost, who was and is 
and is to come. Of Thee and through Thee and to Thee 
are all things. To Thee be glory for ever. Amen. 

A Short Prayer for Families. 

Most glorious, ever-Hving God, Father, Son and Holy 
Ghost, infinite in Thy power, wisdom and goodness 1 
Thou art the Author of all the world, the Redeemer of lost 
mankind, and the Sanctifier of Thine elect ! Thou hast 

46 Insb'uctions for a Holy Life. 

made us living, reasonable souls, placed awhile on earth in 
flesh, to seek and know and love and serve Thee, which 
we should have done with all our soul and might. For 
we and all things are Thine own and Thou art more to us 
than all the world. This should have been the greatest 
business care and pleasure of our lives. We were bound 
to it by Thy Law and invited by Thy love and mercy and 
the promise of a reward in heaven. And in our baptism 
we were devoted to this Christian life of faith and holiness, 
by a solemn covenant and vow. But with grief and shame 
we do confess that we have been too unfaithful to that 
covenant and too much neglected the Lord our Father, 
our Saviour and our Sanctifier, to whom we were devoted. 
And have too much served the flesh and the world and 
the devil which we renounced. We have added to our 
original sin, the guilt of unthankfulness for a Saviour and 
resisting the Spirit and grace that should have renewed, 
governed and saved us. We have spent much of our lives 
in fleshly and worldly vanity and wilfully neglected the 
greatest work of making a sure preparation for death and 
judgment and our endless state. In a custom of sinning 
we have hardened our hearts against Thy Word and warn- 
ings and the reproofs of thy ministers and of our con- 
sciences that have oft told us of our sin and danger and 
called us to repent. And now O Lord ! our convinced 
souls confess that we deserve to be forsaken by Thee and 
left to our own lust and folly and to the deceits of Satan 
and unto endless misery. But seeing Thou hast given a 
Saviour to lost man and a pardoning covenant through 
the merits of Christ, promising forgiveness and salvation to 
every true, penitent, believer, we thankfully accept Thy 
offered mercy and penitently bewail our sin and cast our 
miserable souls upon Thy grace and the sacrifice, merits 
and intercession of our Redeemer. 

Forgive all the sins of our hearts and lives; and as a 
reconciled Father take us as Thy adopted children in 

The Great Case Resolved. 47 

Christ. O give us Thy renewing Spirit to be in us a 
powerful and constant author of holy light and love and 
life, to fit us for all our duty and for communion with 
Thee and for everlasting life. And to dw^ell in us as Thy 
witness and seal of our adoption. Let Him be better to 
our souls than our souls are to our bodies, teaching us Thy 
word and will, and bringing all our love and will to a joyful 
compliance with Thy will and quickening our dull and 
drowsy hearts to a holy and heavenly conversation. Let 
Him turn all our sinful pleasures and desires unto the 
delightful love of Thee and of Thy ways and servants. 
Save us from the great sins of selfishness pride and w^orld- 
liness, and give us self-denial, humility and a heavenly 
mind, that while we are on earth, our hearts m.ay be in 
heaven, where w^e hope to live in Thy joyful love and 
praise, with Christ and all His holy ones for ever. Let us 
never forget that this life is short and that the life to come 
is endless : that our souls are precious and our bodies vile 
and must shortly turn to rottenness and dust : that sin is 
odious and temptation dangerous and judgment dreadful 
to unprepared, guilty souls : and that to them a Saviour 
and His grace and Spirit there is no salvation. Cause us 
to live as we would die, and let no temptation, company 
or business, draw us to forget our God and our everlasting 

Lord bless the world, and specially these kingdoms, 
with wise, godly, just and peaceable princes and inferior 
judges and magistrates; and guide, protect and perfect 
them for the common good and the promoting of godliness 
and suppressing of sin. And bless all Churches with able, 
godly, faithful Pastors, that are zealous lovers of God and 
goodness and the people's souls. And save the nations 
and churches from oppressing tyrants and deceivers, and 
from malignant enemies to serious piety. And cause sub- 
jects to live in just obedience and in love and peace. 
Bless Families with wise, religious governors, who will care- 

48 I?istriictio?is for a Holy Life. 

fully instruct their children and servants and restrain them 
from sin and keep them from temptation. Teach children 
and servants to fear God and honour and obey their 

O our Father which art in heaven, let Thy name be 
hallowed : Let Thy kingdom come : Let Thy will be done ^ 
on earth as it is in heaven : Give us this day our daily 
bread : Forgive us our trespasses as we forgive them that 
trespass against us : Lead us not into temptation but de- 
liver us from evil : for Thine is the kingdom, the power 
and the glory for ever. Amen. 

Before Meat, 
Most gracious God, who hast given us Christ and with 
Him all that is necessary to life and godliness : we thank- 
fully take this our food as the gift of Thy bounty, procured 
by Mis merits. Bless it to the nourishment and strength 
of our frail bodies to fit us for Thy cheerful service. And 
save us from the abuse of Thy mercies by gluttony, 
drunkenness, idleness and sinful fleshly lusts, for the sake 
of Jesus Christ our only Saviour and Lord. Amen. 

After Meat, 

Most merciful Father, accept of our thanks for these 
and all Thy mercies : and give us yet more thankful 
hearts. O give us more of the great mercies proper to 
Thy children, even Thy sanctifying and comforting Spirit, 
assurance of Thy love through Christ and a treasure and a 
heart and conversation in heaven. And bring and keep 
us in a constant readiness for a safe and comfortable 
' death : for the sake of Jesus Christ our Lord and only 
Saviour. Amen. 




- OF 



E\ft Saint's €&erlasttn3 Eest 

Made fro77i 








' How true time is to the real character of the men whose wrongs it avenges, and 
whose merits it rewards ! The proverbial epithet "The holy Baxter" (like that 
older one "The venerable Bede"), is just the verdict which a seraph "full of eyes 
within and without," might be expected to pronounce after having deliberately 
reviewed the whole history and works of the sage of Kidderminster." 

Henry Rogers, author of ' The Eclipse of Faith,' etc. etc. 



HOPE to be able to complete in a goodly numbei 
iM^ of years hence a ''labour of love'' on which I have 
been long occupied viz., a full and accurate enume- 
ration of the Writings of the Puritans, earlier and later, 
and of the ' Ejected* of 1662 — from a personal examina- 
tion of their books and tractates themselves, not from 
Catalogues or other compilations. This, preparatory to 
an Introduction to the Theological Literature of oiu: 

I offer meanwhile the present ' Annotated List ' of the 
numerous Works of Richard Baxter as a specimen of 
the Catalogue I propose to draw up. I venture to believe 
that it will be found accurate, and much more extensive 
than any extant. With the trifling exceptions noted in 
their places it has been my rare good fortune to have had 
access to the entire Writings of our Worthy in the original 
and early editions. Nearly all indeed, are contained in my 
own Libraiy. In the Catalogue above promised ( ' if the 
Lord will') I intend adding (a) Those books to which 
Baxter prefixed ' Preface ' or ^ Epistle ' (h) Manuscripts 
in Williams' Library and elsewhere — (c) Translations of his 
Writings {d) Books and tractates in controversy, or other- 
wise relating to him. (a) Will bring up the List to (it is 

4 ' Prefatory Note. 

believed) 200 distinct publications : and I may observe 
that many of his ^ Prefaces ' and ^ Epistles ' are really 
priceless * Essays' and even treatises on the subject of 
which they treat.* 

This is not the place to enter on an examination of 
the characteristics of the Writings recorded in this List. 
The great Dr Isaac Barrow long ago said of them — " His 
practical writings were never mended, and his controversial 
ones seldom confuted" [Calamy * Account' vol. i. p. 422]: 
Bishop Wilkins observed, " He cultivated every subject 
he handled, and if he had lived in the primitive times he 
had been one of the Fathers of the Church. It is enough 
for one age to produce such a person as Richard Baxter ' 
['Gift of Preaching']; and, stout Churchman though he 
was, — Dr Samuel Johnson, when he was asked by Boswell 
what works of Baxter he should read, said, "' Read any of 
them: they are all good' ['Life' c. Ixxvi] : and again 
and again shewed that he had himself read them. He 
deemed it a sufficient reason for resolving to study a 
treatise of Grotius that Baxter had recommended it. [See 
' Life ' under Baxter, for various references]. 

* There have been many exaggerations of the extent of Baxter's Works : but 
the most astounding is the following from Drs M'Ciintock's and Strong's " Cyclo- 
paedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature. Vol. I. A B. New 
York 1867 sub 7ioinine " In all he is said to have composed one hundred and forty- 
five works in folio and sixty-three in quarto, besides a multitude of more trifling 
writings ! ' A number of treatises in Latin are named that have no existence : the 
explanation being that the writer of the 'notice' was copying from some conti- 
nental bibliographic work wherein the English titles are rendered into Latin, as 
Walch does.' — All the Lists of Baxter and of our Theology that I have met with 
commit like blunders from their second-hand character. This renders Watt's 
Bibliotheca, Allibone et hoc genns omne unreliable. — Orme's List at close of his 
* Life ' of Baxter (Vol. L of the ' Practical Works,' 23 vols. 8vo. 1850) extends to 
168: and it is one of many illustrations of the worthlessness of any such enumera- 
tion taken at second-hand. It not only splits up one work into several, but so mis- 
divides others as to show that he had never seen the books or tractates, relying 
on Calamy and Catalogues. The same remark, somewhat modified, applies to the 
list in Darling's * Cyclopaedia Bibliographica,' etc. etc. 

Prefatory Note, 5 

I close this * Note' with Baxter's own * censure ' 
(Calamy's word) of his Writings, which, to my mind, is very 
beautiful in its humility : " concerning almost all my Writ- 
ings, I must confess that my own judgment is that fewer 
well studied and polished would have been better : but the 
reader who can safely censure the books is not fit to cen- 
sure the Author, unless he had been upon the place 
and acquainted with all the occasions and circumstances. 
Indeed, for the Saiiifs Rest I had four months vacancy to 
write it (but in the midst of continual languishing and 
medicine). But for the rest I wrote them in the crowd of 
my other employments which would allow me no great 
leisure for polishing and exactness or any ornament : so 
that I scarce ever wrote one sheet twice over nor stayed 
to make any blots or interlinings, but was fain to let it go 
as it was first conceived. And when my own desire was 
rather to stay upon one thing long than run over many, 
some sudden occasions or other, extorted almost all my 
writings from me : and the apprehensions of present use- 
fulness or necessity, prevailed against all other motives. 
So that the Divines which were at hand with me still put 
me on and approved of what I did, because they were 
moved by present necessities as well as I : but those that 
were far off and felt not these nearer motives, did rather 
wish that I had taken the other way and published a few 
elaborate writings : and I was ready myself to be of their 
mind when I forgot the case that then I stood in and have 
lost the sense of former motives. The opposing of the 
Anabaptists, Separatists, Quakers, Antinomians, Seekers, 
etc., were works which then seemed necessary: and so did 
the debates about the church-government and communion, 
which touched our present practice. But now all those 

6 Prefatory Note, 

reasons are past and gone I could wish I had rather been 
doing some work of more durable usefulness. But even to 
a foreseeing man who knoweth what will be of longest use, 
it is hard to discern how far that which is presently useful 
may be omitted for the sake of a greater future good. 
There are some other works wherein my heart hath more 
been set than any of these fore-mentioned : in which I 
have met with great obstructions. For I must declare 
that in this as among other matters I have found that we 
are not the choosers of our own employments, no more 
than of our own successes.' [Reliquiae Lib. i. page 124] — 
Curiously enough the most imperfect and inaccurate list of 
Baxter's Writings is his own in the ' Reliquiae.' He 
forgot many, and ante-dates and post-dates, and otherwise 

It will much oblige me if any one who chances to see 
thife booklet will kindly inform me where I can find the 
few in this List uncollated : and also any of the earlier 
(contemporary) translations into German, Dutch, French, 
etc. I shall cordially acknowledge help rendered. 



annotated list of baxter's 

I. Aphorismes of Justifica- 
tion, with their Explication an- 
nexed. Wherein also is opened 
the nature of the Covenants, 
Satisfaction, Righteousnesse, Faith, 
Works, &c. Published especially 
for the use of the Church of Keder- 
minster in Worcestershire. By 
their unworthy Teacher Ri. Bax- 
ter. Hebr. 9. 15. London, 
Printed for Francis Tyton, at the 
Three Daggers in Fleet Street, 
neer the Inner - Temple Gate. 
1649 [i8mo]. 

Collation: Title-page — the Epistle 
Dedicatory ' To the learned, zealous, 
faithfiill ministers of Jesus Christ, Mr 
Richard Vines, Master of Pembroke- 
Hall in Cambridge and Mr Anthony 
Burges, Pastor of Sutton-Coldfield in 
Warwickshire, members of the Reverend 
Assembly of Divines, my very much 
valued friends and brethren in the work 
and patience of the Gospel' pp. 10-^ to 
the Reader pp. 21 — treatise pp. 335 — * the 
chief-distinctions upon which this dis- 
course dependeth' pp. 11 — postcript 
1 page. 

The ' Aphorisms ' appears to have 
been submitted to some friend in manu- 
script ; for in complete copies of the 
book there is found the following: — 

' An Appendix to the foregoing Treatise 
being an answer to the Objections of a 
Friend concerning some points therein 
contained, and at his own desire annexed 
for the sake of others that may have 
the same thoughts,' pp. 188. 

In the ^ Reliquice Bax'teriance^ [No. 
cliv.] Baxter gives a characteristic ac- 

count of the origin and reception of the 
'Aphorisms.' He recognizes with rare 
candour the ability and worth of those 
who wrote against his book. See Part I. 
pp. 107-108 ; and cf Calamy's Abridge- 
ment Vol. I. pp. 410-41 1. My friend 
Joshua Wilson Esq. of Tunbridge Wells, 
has an edition of the 'Aphorisms' [1655 
24mo] bearing the imprint of 'the 
Hague: ' but which was actually printed 
at Cambridge: See Baxter's 'Catholic 
Theology,' Preface p. v. : also Answer to 
Dr Tullie's Letter,' p. 10 on this surrepti- 
tiotis edition. 

Mr Wilson's copy formerly belonged to 
the Author himself. There are some 
MS. corrections by him and some critical 
remarks on a fly-leaf before the title- 
page, concluding thus * All which I have 
fully open'd in many books written long 
after this upon riper thoughts : this being 
the first that ever I wrote in my imma- 
ture youth, in the crudity of my new con- 
ceptions. Cf. Orme's Life and Times 
of Baxter, II. 38. In the ' Postscript ' 
(above noted) reference is made to an 
intended publication ' Universal Redemp- 
tion ' [No. CLIV.] but which he postponed 
because of ' continued sickness' and as 
also ' observing how many lately are set 
a-work on the same subject, as Whit- 
field, Stalham, Howe, Owen, and some 
men of note now upon it.' In a short 
address to the Reader prefixed to the 
' Appendix ' we have this apology. ' The 
disorder of the interrogations and objec- 
tions which extorted from me this whole 
tractate by pieces one after another, 
hath caused me — an unfeigned lover of 
method — to give thee such a disorderly, 
unmethodical miscellany;' and again, 
after explanations ' These things need 
no excuse but this information : That I 
was to follow and not to lead, and that I 

Annotated List of the 

wrote only for those who knew less than 
myself. If thou know more, thank God 
and join with me for the instruction of 
the ignorant, whose information, refor- 
mation and salvation, and thereby God's 
glory is the top of my ambition.' For 
notices of Vines and B urges (or Burgess} 
to whom the * Aphorisms ' is dedicated, 
see Brook's ' Lives of the Puritans ' for 
the former [Vol. III. pp. 230-235], and for 
the latter Calamy ''Account'' [Vol. II. 
pp. 739-740 and page 853 ' Contimia- 

II. The Saint's Everlast- 
ing Rest : or a Treatise of the 
blessed state of the Saints in their 
enjoyment of God in Glory. 
Wherein is shewed its excellency 
and certainty ; the misery of those 
that lose it, the way to attain it 
and assurance of it ; and how to 
live in the continual delightful 
foretasts of it by the help of medi- 
tation. Written by the Author 
for his own use in the time of his 
languishing, when God took him 
off from all publike imployment ; 
and afterwards preached in his 
weekly Lecture : and now pub- 
lished by Richard Baxter, Teacher 
of the Church of Kederminster in 
W^orestershire. London, Printed 
by Rob. White for Thomas Un- 
derhil and Francis Tyton, and are 
to be sold at the Blue Anchor and 
Bible in Pauls Church-yard, near 
the little North-door, and at the 
three Daggers in Fleetstreet, near 
the Inner-Temple gate. 1650 [4°.] 

(i) 1st edn. 1650. Collation : Title- 
page [on which is the ' License ' thus 
* Jan. 15, 1649. Imprimatur, Joseph 
Caryl ' the ' Licenser ' being the erudite 
and venerable Commentator on ' Job '] — 
Epistle Dedicatory of ' the whole ' book 
to * my dearly beloved friends, the in- 
habitants of the Burrough and Sovereign 
of Kederminster, both magistrates and 
people' pp. 11 — Epistle Dedicatory of 
' the First Part ' to ' the right Worship- 
ful vSir Thomas Rous, Baronet, with the 
Lady Jane Rous, his wife ' pp. 3 — Con- 
tents or Table pp. 8 — Treatise as fol- 
lows : 

1st Part pp. 164— On page 164 
* Finis' — Next a separate title * The 
Saint's Everlasting Rest. The Se- 

cond Part. Containing the Proofes 
of the Truth and certain futurity 
of our Rest. And that the Scrip- 
ture promising that Rest to us is 
the perfect infallible Word and 
Law of God. London, Printed 
by Rob. White for T. Underbill 
and F. Tyton, and are to be sold 
at the sign of the Bible in great 
Woodstreet and at the three dag- 
gers in Fleet -street, 1649. 

Then, Epistle Dedicatory * To 
my dearly beloved Friends the 
inhabitants of Bridgnorth, both 
magistrates and people. Richard 
Baxter devoteth this part of this 
Treatise. In testimony of his un- 
feigned love to them who were the 
first to v/hom he was sent (or 
fixed) to publish the Gospel. And 
in thankfulness to the Divine Ma- 
jesty who there priviledged and 
protected him' pp. 2 — To the 
Reader pp. 8, dated 'Jan. 18, 
1649 — Part II. pp. 167-260. 
Next, a separate title The Saint's 
Everlasting Rest. The Third 
Part. Containing severall Uses 
of the former Doctrine of Rest. 
London [as before]. . Then, Epis- 
tle Dedicatory ' To my dearly be- 
loved Friends the inhabitants of the 
city of Coventry both magistrates 
and people : especially Col. John 
Barker and Col. Tho. Willoughby, 
late Governors, with all the offi- 
cers and. soldiers of their garrison. 
Rich. Baxter devoteth this Part of 
this Treatise in thankful acknow- 
ledgment of their great affection 
toward him and ready acceptance 
of his labors among them — 
which is the highest recompense, 
if joyned with obedience, that 
a faithful minister can expect, 
pp. 2.— Part in. pp. 263-551. 
Next a separate title ' The Saint's 
Everlasting Rest. The Fourth 
Part. Containing a Directory for 
the getting and keeping of the 
heart in heaven : by the diligent 
practice of that excellent unknown 

Writings of Richard Baxter, 

duty of Heavenly Meditation. 
Being the main thing intended by 
the Author in the writing of this 
book : and to which all the rest is 
but subservient. London [as be- 
fore]. Then, Epistle Dedicatory 

* To my dearly beloved friends in 
the Lord, the inhabitants of the 
town of Shrewsbury, both magis- 
trates, ministers, and people, as 
also of the neighbouring parts. 
Rich. Baxter devoteth this practi- 
cale part of this Treatise as a tes- 
timony of his love to his native soyl 
and to his many godly and faithfull 
friends there living' pp. 2 — The 
Introduction pp. 555-558— Pt. 
IV. pp. 559-848— On fly-leaf, 
first side ' Errata, ' headed ' If you 
will reade nothing but what was 
intended by the Author amend 
these misprintings : the rest are 
but small. ' 

(2) 2d edn. 165 1. Same title- 
page except 'The second edition 
corrected and enlai^ged,' and 'Un- 
derbill ' spelled so and not with a 
single 1 as in 1st edn. 

Collation : Title-page — Ep : Dedy. 
pp. 13 — to Rous pp. 3 — A Premonition 

* as to alterations and additions ' pp. 12 
dated ' May 17, 1651 ' a singularly inte- 
resting autobiographic Address — Con- 
tents pp. 8 ' Errata ' on the last page — 
Pt. I, pp. 184 — separate title — as before 
— London [as in general title, S7iprd\ — 
Ep : Dedy. pp. 2 — the Preface pp. 35 val- 
uable and searching — Pt. II. pp. 185-304. 

, Separate title [as before] — Ep. 
Dedy pp. 2 — Pt. III. pp., 312 [se- 
parate pagination] ' Finis ' on page 
312 — Separate title — [as before] — 
Ep. Dedy. i page — 'the Intro- 
duction pp. 4-6 — Pt. IV. pp. 7-304 
[also separate pagination ']. 

(3) Zd edn : 1652 — Title-page as 
before except ' The third edition ' 
and at bottom 'by Rob. White' 
left out. 

Collation: Title-page. Ep : Dedy pp. 
13 — to Rous pp. 3. Premonition [which 
still reads as for 'second' edn.] pp. 12. 
'Contents pp. 8. Pt. I. pp. 184. Separate 

tide. Ep : Dedy. pp. 2. Preface pp. 35. 
Pt. II. pp. 185-304. Separte title. Ep : 
Dedy pp. 2. Pt. III. pp. 368 [separate 
pagn.] Separate title. Ep. : Dedy. i 
page. Introdn. pp. 4-6. Pt. IV. pp. 7-304. 
Then ' Broughton in the conclusion of 
his concent of Scripture' pp. 305-308. 
Herbert's poem of ' Home ' pp. 309-311. 
Questions discussed i page. Alphabeti- 
cal Table pp. 4. 

\* ' Finis on page 304 : and what fol- 
lows after awanting. 

(4) 4.^/1 edn. 1653. Title-page 
as before except ' The fourth edi- 
tion. ' 

Collation : Title-page. Ep. Dedy. pp. 
13 — to Rous pp. 3. Premonition [still as 
before] pp. 12. Contents pp. 8. Pt. I. po. 


At page 160 follows in this edition two 
and a half pages unpaged confessing a 
mistake in 'doctrine' 1 very curious). Then 
goes on from the last of these pages, and 
so pp. 161 to 1S3 as supra — which ex- 
plains the mispaging of 183 instead of 
184. Separate title. Ep. Dedy. on re- 
verse. Preface pp. 35. Pt. II. 185-304, 
Separate title. Ep. Dy. pp. 2. Pt. III. 
pp. 368 ' Finis ' on page 36S [as before]. 
Separate title. Ep. Dy. on page 3. 
Intro, pp. 4-6. Pt. IV. pp. 7-304 : and as 
in 3d edn. follg. 

(5) ^th edn. 1654. Title-page 
as iDcfore except ' The fifth edition. ' 
All as before but after the final 
Table 'An Addition to the nth 
chapter of the 3d Part' pp. 8. 

(6) 6//^ edn. 1656. Title-page 
as before except ' The sixth edn. ' 
All exactly as before in 5th edn. 
*^*In Abp. Marsh's 'Library' 
Dublin, the copy of this edition has 
the autograph of Mich. Jephson 
and th Greek motto Tzavraxr] r']iv 

(7) 71/1 edn. 1658. Title-page 
same as before except ' The seventh 
edition revised by the Author.' 
Prefixed is a curious emblematical 
engraved title. 

Collation: Title-page as snpra. Ep. 
Dy. pp. II — to Rous pp. 2. Premonition 
pp. 7 [as before] Contents pp. 5. Pt. I. 
pp. 153. Separate title. Ep. Dy. pp. 2. 
Preface pp. 159-187. Pt. II. pp. 189-291. 
Separate title. Ep. Dy. pp. 2. Pt. III. 
pp. 297-580. Separate title. Ep. Dy. 
pp. 2. Intro, pp. 2. Pt. III. 587-815. 
Then as before pp. 817-829. But then pp. 


Annotated List of the 

830-836 dated 'Jan. 15, 1657' to the 
Reader added. Table pp. 3. 

(8) %th edit. 1659. Title-pages 
as in 7th : except * the eighth 
edition.' All the rest the same 
as 7th. 

(9) ^th edn. I have not hap- 
pened to meet with this. 

(10) \0thed71, 1669. Title-pages 
as before, except 'the tenth edi- 
tion.' All the rest the same — 
but publisher as follows 'London 
Printed by R. W. for Francis 
Tyton and are to be sold at the 
sign of the three daggers in Fleet 

(11) wth edn. 1671 and also one 
so designated 1677. Title-pages 
as before, except ' the eleventh 
edition' — and added to publisher 
as follows ' And R-obert Boulter 
at the Turk's Head over against 
the Royal Exchange in Cornhil.' 
All the rest the same. 

%* Portrait is sometimes inserted 

* aetat 55, 1670.' 

(12) \2thedn. 1688. Same book 
in all respects but pp. 796 instead 
of pp. 836 as sup7^a. t^" I note 
that after the ' Restoration' the 
famous passage in which the Pa- 
triots of the Commonwealth are 
named as in gloiy, is omitted. Cf 
page 86 of ist edition : page 10 1 
of 2d, ditto of 3d to 6th, page 83 
of 7th and 8th : left out in loth 
page 83 — Such names were not to 
be exposed to the contumely of a 
degenerate succeeding generation. 

*^ It will interest the Reader to have 
Baxter's own account of this imperish- 
able book from the 'Reliquiae:' — 'The 
.second book which I wrote — and the 
first which I began — was that called 

* The Saint's Everlasting Rest : * Whilst I 
was in health I had not the least thought 
of writing books or of serving God in 
any more public way than preaching. 
But when I was weakened with great 
bleeding and left solitary in my chamber 
at Sir John Cook's [Coke's.?] in Derby- 
shire without any acquaintance but my 
servant about me, and was sentenced to 
death by the physicians, I began to con- 
template more .seriously on the Everlast- 

ing Rest which I apprehended myself to 
be just on the borders of. And that my 
thoughts might not too much scatter in 
my meditation I began to write some- 
thing on that subject, intending but the 
quantity of a sermon or two — which is 
the cause that the beginning is in brevity 
and style disproportionable to the rest : 
but being continued long in weakness 
where I had no books nor no better em- 
ploj'ment I followed it on till it was en- 
larged to the bulk in which it was pub- 
lished. The first three weeks I spent on 
it was at Mr Nowel's house at Kirby- 
JNIallory in Leicestershire ; a quarter of a 
year more at the seasons which so great 
weakness would allow, I bestowed on it 
at Sir Thomas Rous's house at Rous- 
Lench in Worcestershire ; and I finished 
it shortly after at Kidderminster. The 
first and last parts were first done, being 
all that I intended for my own use : and 
the second and third parts came after- 
wards in besides my own intention. This 
Book it pleased God so far to bless to the 
profit of many that it encouraged me to 
be guilty of all those scripts which after 
followed. The marginal citations I put 
in after I came home to my books ; but 
almost all the book itself was written 
when I had no book but a Bible and 
a Concordance ; and I found that the 
transcript of the heart hath the greatest 
force on the hearts of others. For the 
good that I have heard that multitudes 
received by that writing and the benefits 
which 1 have again received by their 
prayers I here humbly return my thanks 
to Him that compelled me to write it." 
[_As before Part 1. page 108.] To this it 
were a pleasant but here an impossible, 
task to cull the many tributes paid to 
this holy and hallowing book by the 
foremost men of this generation : and 
equallyso to record actual cases of highest 
good done by it in all ranks and lan- 
guages. Of the latter I would remind 
of the conversion thereby of Janeway 
[See his "Life"]: and may mention a 
very interesting fact, viz., that in Apsley 
House, shortly after the death of the 
Duke of Wellington I was shewn a copy 
of ' The Saint's Everlasting Rest ' [Faw- 
cett's abridged edition] with a corner of 
a leaf turned down to mark the place 
where the great Soldier had " left off" 
on departing f<ir Walincr Castle. // is 
the last book his Craco is /c!to~o7t to Juxve 
read: and that within a 'icw days of 
" the end." It is fine to think of " the 
old grey head " bent over the old Puri- 
tan's heaven-disclosing book. 

III. Plain Scripture Proof of 
Infants Church-membership and 
Baptism : being the Arguments 

Writings of Richard Baxter. 

\ prepared for (and partly managed) 
, in the publike Dispute with Mr 
Tombes at Bewdley on the first 
day of January 1649. With a full 
Reply to what he then answered 
and what is contained in his 
Sermon since preached, in his 
printed Books, his MS. on i Cor. 
7. 14 which I saw, against Mr 
Marshall against these arguments. 
"With a Reply to his valedictory 
oration at Bewdley and a Correc- 
tive for his Antidote. By Richard 
Baxter, a Minister of Christ for his 
Church at Kederminster. Con- 
strained unavoidably hereto by 
Mr Tombes, his importunity : by 
frequent Letters, Messengers, in 
his Pulpit, and at last in print, 
calling out for my arguments and 
charging the denial upon my 
conscience. Hereto is added an 
Appendix against the Doctrine 
in the other extream contained in 
a tractate of Mr Th. Bedford's 
adorned with the great names and 
pretended concent of famous 
learned Dr Davenant and Dr 
Usher ; and with an Epistle of Mr 
Cranford's, and a tractate of Dr 
Ward's (on which also some Ani- 
madversions are added. ) London, 
printed for Robert White 1651. 
[Sm. 4°.] 

Collation: Title-page — two leaves of 
quotations from Scripture, the Fathers, 
etc. Epistle Dedicatory in double 
columns headed respectively 'To the 
Church at Kederminster, my dearly be- 
loved, my crown and my joy' and 'To 
the Church at Bewdley, my unfaignedly 
beloved friends in the Lord ' pp. 11, 'The 
true History of the Conception and 
Nativity of this treatise ; being the 
author's Apology for his attempt of this 
unpleasant task ' pp. 25. The Contents, 
with Errata, on last page pp. 10, Treatise 
pp. 1-286. 

After page 162 a separate title 'An 
Answer to Mr Tombes his valedictory 
oration to the people of Berdley : in Vin- 
dication of the fifth Direction which I 
give my hearers of Kederminster in the 
Preface of my book, entituled ' The vSaint's 
Everlasting Rest' with a brief confutation 
of six more of Mr T.'s errors and a Cor- 

rection for his Antidote and Confutation- 
Sermon, Being the third part of this 
treatise. Extorted unavoidably from one 
that abhorreth division and contention 
and bendeth his prayers and studies for 
the peace of the Church. London, printed 
Anno Dom. 165 1 After page 233 another 
separate title ' A Corrective for a circum- 
foraneous Antidote against the verity of 
a passage in the Epistle before my treat- 
ise of Rest. London [as before.] 

After page 286 there is a separate title- 
page as follows, 'An Appendix being 
some brief Animadversions on a Tractate 
lately published by Mr Th. Bedford ; 
and honored with the great names and 
pretended consent of famous, learned, 
judicious Davenant and Usher, with an 
Epistle of Mr Cranford, and a tractate 
of Dr Ward (on which also some Animad- 
versions are added). Also an Addition 
to the fifteenth argument, chap, 20. of 
the first part of this book concerning the 
Universal Visible Church, occasioned by 
Mr Sam: Hudson's most judicious 
Vindication. And some Arguments 
against the old and new Socinians, who 
deny the continued use of Baptism to 
settled Churches, occasioned by the late 
eruption of that error. London, Printed 
Anno Dom. 1651.' A Premonition to 
the Reader pp. 289-290, Quotations pp. 
291-292. Treatise pp. 293-343, The 
conclusion of this treatise page 344. 
Postscript 346. 

See ''ReliquicE'' for remarks by 
Baxter on the * Plain Scripture 
Proof and certain opinions con- 
cerning the ' salvation ' of children. 
[As before, Pt. I. p. 109] A ' Post- 
script ' to 'Plain Scripture Proof 
(pp. 345, 346) contains a curious 
'intimation' concerning the 'Apho- 
risms' [See No. L] and asks that 
before a ' second edition ' be pub- 
lished all v/ho love the truth will 
send the Author their ' Animad- 
versions ' that he may himself profit 
and good otherwise be done. 

See the ^ Reliqtiice'' also for the 
circumstances out of which this 
book sprang and various interest- 
ing details concerning its influ- 
ence : and for an explicit statement 
of Baxter's opinion on Infant-sal- 
vation as distinguished from Infant- 
baptism (merely) — 1^° ORMEgives 
the ' Animadversions ' on Bedford 
and ' Letters ' to and from Tombes, 

Annotated List of the 

etc. , as distinct works, one of many 
mistakes whereby he over-extends 
his List of Baxter's Writings and 
betrays not having seen the books 

*** The * fourth edition ' of ' Plain 
Scripture Proof 1656 (4") 'printed for 
T. U. F. T. and are to be sold by John 
Wright at the King's Head in the Old 
Bailey' has considerable additions e.g. 
after page 346. ' A Friendly Accom- 
modation in the fore-debated Contro- 
versie between Mr Bedford and the 
Author : wherein is manifested that the 
Differences are few and small ; and 
those continued with mutual respect and 
love. London, Printed Anno Dom. 
1656. On reverse of title a ' Note to 
Reader ' — pp. 347-367. Then another : 
* PraefestinantisMorator' or MrTombes 
his Precursor staid and examined, and 
proved not to be from heaven but of man. 
Yet God by Mr T. sendeth thus truth to 
the hearts of all whom it may concern 
Proecurs. page 82, 83 [Pastors and Teach- 
ers or Presbyters to teach and govern 
the Church of God I am assured are a 
Divine institution and a very merciful 
gift of Christ, Ephesians iv. 11, 12, 13: 
I Corinthians xii. 28: Acts xiv. 23: 
I Timothy iii. i : Titus ii. 5 to whom 
people should yield obedience Hebrews 
xiii. 7, 17 and yield maintenance liberally 
I Corinthians ix. 14: Galatians vi. 6: 
I Timothy v. 17, 18. If any go about to 
extirpate them, let him be accursed as an 
enemy to Christ and his Church.] Or 
if Socinus be of more authority with them 
let them receive the same truth from 
their Cracovian Catech. de Eccles. cap. 2. 
London, Printed in the year 1656. Con- 
tents pp. 371-372. Treatise pp. 373-401. 
Then * Letters that passed between Mr 
Baxter and Mr Tombes concerning the 
Dispute. London Printed in the year 
1656. On reverse of title a * Note ' on 
the publication. Letters pp. 405-415. 

IV. The Right Method for a 
settled Peace of Conscience and 
Spiritual Comfort. In 32 Direc- 
tions. Written for the use of a 
troubled friend : and now pub- 
lished by Richard Baxter, Teacher 
of the Church at Kederminster in 
Worcestershire. London, Printed 
for T. Underbill, F. Tyton and 
W. Raybould, and are to be sold 
at the Anchor and at the Unicorn 
in Pauls Church-yard, and at 

the Three Daggers in Fleetstreet 
1653 [12°.] 

Collation : i Leaf of texts of Scripture 
and at the end ' Sound doctrine makes 
a sound judgment, a sound heart, a 
sound conversation, and a sound con- 
science ' — Epistle Dedicatory ' to my 
much valued, beloved and honored 
friends Col. John Bridges, with Mrs 
Margaret Bridges his wife, and Mr 
Thomas Foley with Mrs Anne Foley, 
his wife," pp. 12 — To the poor in spirit, 
pp. 23 — The contents pp. 15 — Errata i 
page — Treatise pp. 540, 

In the ' Reliquice ' is given an 
account of the origin of this search- 
ing and still potential book — [As 
before Pt. I. pp. 109-110] — Bax- 
ter mentions that it had ' pleased 
much, Dr Hammond :' but adds 
' the women and weaker sort I 
found could not so well improve 
clear reason as they can a few 
comfortable, warm and pretty sen- 
tences ; it is style and not reason 
which doth most with them. And 
some of the Divines were angry 
with it for a passage or two about 
Perseverance, because I had said 
that many men are certain of their 
present sanctifi cation which are 
not certain of their perseverance 
and salvation : meaning all the 
godly that are assured of their 
sanctification and yet do not hold 
the certainty of perseverance. But 
a great storm of jealousie and 
censure was by this and some such 
words raised against me, by many 
good men, who lay more on their 
opinions and party than they ought. 
Therefore whereas some would 
have had me to retract it and 
others to leave it out of the next 
impression, I did the latter, but 
instead of it I published not long 
after my book called ' ' R. B. 's 
Judgment about the Perseverance 
of Believers. " [I;ifra. ] 

%* In the same year " the second edi- 
tion, corrected and augmented " the 
augmentation consisting of "An Apo- 
logie " at the end (pp. 19} explanatory of 
certain portions. 

Writings of Richard Baxter. 


V. Christian Concord : or the 
Agreement of the Associated Pas- 
tors and Churches of Worcester- 
shire. With Rich. Baxter's Ex- 
pHcation and Defence of it and 
his Exhortation to Unity. Lon- 
don Printed by A. M. for Thomas 
Underhill, at the Anchor and 
Bible in Pauls Church-yard near 
the little north-door, and Francis 
Tyton at the three Daggers in 
Fleet-street near Dunstans Church. 
1653 [4°J. 

Collation : Title-page — Passages o^ 
Scripture pp. 2 — Propositions agreed on 
pp. 13 — the Profession of the Associated 
Churches pp. 6 — A separate title as fol- 
lows : — ' An Explication of some Pas- 
sages in the foregoing Proposition and 
Profession, with an answer to some 
Objections that are like to be made 
against them. Written by Rich. Bax- 
ter to prevent the causless dissent and 
separation of any sincere Christians from 
our Churches or sincere Ministers from 
our Associations. Especially for the 
satisfaction of the inhabitants of Keder- 
minster. London [as before] — Contents 
on reverse — Treatise pp. 120 — Errata 
slip pasted on page 120. 

*** See 'Reliquiae' [Lib. I. pp. 112- 
113] for powerful statement of the occa- 
sion of this book. 

VI. & VII. The Worcestershire 
Petition to the Parliament for the 
Ministry of England Defended, by a 
Minister of Christ in that Country ; 
in Answer to XVI. Queries, Print- 
ed in a Book, called a Brief Dis- 
covery of the three-fold Estate of 
Anti- Christ : Where unto is added 

Counter- Queries, and an Humble 
Monition to Parliament, People, 
and Ministers. 

London, Printed for Tho. Un- 
derhill at the Blue Anchor in 
Paul's Church-yard : and Francis 
Tyton at the Three Daggers in 
Fleet Street, 1653, sm. 4°. 

Collation : Title-page — the Preface — 
4 pp. and pp. 40 [Dated on last page 
' March 28, 1653.'] The title-page of 
the 'Petition' Baxter 'defends' and 
which he himself drew up, follows : — 
'The Humble Petition of many thou- 
sands, Gentlemen, Free-holders, and 

others, of the • County of Worcester, To 
the Parliament of the Common-wealth 
of England. In behalf of the Able, 
Faithful, Godly Ministry of this Nation. 
Delivered by Colonel John Bridges and 
Mr Thomas Foly, December 22, 1652. 
With the Parliament's Answer thereunto. 
London, Printed by Robert White, for 
Francis Tyton, and Thomas Underhill, 
and are to be sold at their shops, the 
three Daggers in Fleet-street, and the 
Bible and Anchor in Pauls Church-3'^ard, 
1652, 4°. Title — and pp. 3-8 [subscribed 
by above six thousand]. 

%* In the Williams' Library copy of 
preceding there is at page 3 in the holo- 
graph of Baxter an addition ' omitted 
in the printing' entitled 'Answer to 
2d question' — See ' Reliquiae' [Lib. I. 
p. 115] where Baxter avows having 
drawn up the ' Petition ' and notices 
the want of the addition found in Wil- 
liams' copy as above : ' by an oversight 
[it] is maimed by the want of the answer 
to one of the accuser's queries.' Dar- 
ling in his 'Cyclopaedia Bibliographica' 
s.n. erroneously describes ^^f?/'^ as print- 
ed in 'A Brief Discovery of the three- 
fold state of Anti-Christ" whereas 
Baxter is defending the ' Petition' from 
the attack that appeared in this (Quaker ?) 

VIII. Rich. Baxter's Apolog\^ 
against the modest Exceptions of 
Mr T. Blake and the Digression of 
Mr G. Kendall. Whereunto is 
added Animadversions on a late 
Dissertation of Ludiomseus Col- 
vinus alias Ludovicus MolinEeus 
M. Dr Oxon. And an Admoni- 
tion of Mr W. Eyre of Salisbury, 
with Mr Crandon's Anatomy for 
satisfaction of Mr Caryl. London, 
Printed for T. Underhill and F. 
Tyton, and are to be sold by Is. 
Nevil at the Plough, and Jos. 
Barbar at the Lamb in Paul's 
Church-yard. 1654. [4°] 

Collation: Title-page — Epistle Dedi- 
catory to General Edward Whalley pp. 
6 — A separate title as follows : ' Rich. 
Baxter's Account given to his reverend 
brother Mr T. Blake of the Reasons of 
his Dissent from the Doctrine of his Ex- 
ceptions in his late Treatise of the Cove- 
nants. London, Printed by A. M. for 
Thomas Underhill at the Anchor and 
Bible in Paul's Church-yard and Francis 
Tyton at the three Daggers in Fleet- 
street 1654 ' — the Preface Apologetical 


Annotated List of the 

pp. 14 — the Contents pp. 4 — Treatise pp. 
155 — Postscript p. 3. [Often amissing 
from ' Finis ' being on page 155.] A 
second separate title as follows : ' The 
Reduction of a Digressor : or Rich. 
Baxter's Reply to Mr George Kendall's 
Digression in his Book against Mr Good- 
win. London [as before, only added at 
end after Fleet-street ' near Dunstans 
Church'] 1654. — Quotations pp. 10 — the 
Contents pp. 8 — * Treatise ' pp. 144. 'Post- 
script ' pp. 2 — Errata and a note i page. 

ArxOther separate title * Rich- 
ard Baxter's Confvtation of a 
Dissertation for the Justification 
of Infidels : Written by Ludio- 
mseus Colvinus alias Ludovicus 
Molinaeus, Dr of Physick and 
History, Professor in Oxford, 
against his brother Cyrus Moli- 
noeus. London, Printed by R. 
W. Anno Dom. 1654. 

' Epistle Dedicatory ' to * my 
dearly beloved and much honored 
and valued friend Colonel Sylvanus 
Taylor,' pp. 7 — two short 'notes' 
I page — the Apologetical Preface 
pp. 6 — the Contents pp. 4 — the 
Fragment of an Epistle M^hich was 
the cause of this Dissertation pp. 
6 — Treatise ' of the Part of P'aith 
in Justification' pp. 177-326 — 
Another separate title as follows : 

* Rich. Baxter's Admonition to Mr 
William Eyre of Salisbury con- 
cerning his Miscarriages in a book 
lately written for the Justification 
of Infidels against M. Benj. Wood- 
bridge, M. James Cranford, and 
the Author. London [as the last] — 
the Preface pp. 10 — the Contents 
pp. 2 — Treatise pp. 40 — Note to 
Reader i page — Postcript i page 
— Address to the ' Reader ' on 

* Mr Crandon's book' — very 
amusing. Another separate title 
as follows : — 'An unsavoury 
Volume of Mr Jo. Crandon's Ana- 
tomized, or a Nosegay of the 
choicest Flowers in that Garden 
presented to Mr Joseph Caryl by 
Rich. Baxter. London [as the 
first separate title-page, sitprd\ 
1(354 — To the Reader pp. 3 — the 

Contents pp. 2 — To Caryl pp. 3 
— Treatise pp. 84. 

^ %* My copy bears on the general 
title-page the autograph of Jonathan 
Edwardes' Coll. Jesu. Oxon : & Trin. 
Coll. Dub.' — the famous namesake and 
precursor of the greater Jonathan Ed- 
wards of America. There are singular 
coincidences of subject in the ' Writings * 
of the two, and of others of the Edwards* 
name on this side. See ' Reliquiae ' for 
Baxter's personal notices of his differ- 
ent opponents in this book. [Eib. I. p. 
no.] Orme makes five different works 
out of abo7<e. Doubtless some of them 
were issued separately, but the general 
title-page and continuous pagination, 
shews Baxter intended them to form 
one book. 

IX. True Christianity or 
Christ's absolute Dominion and 
Mans necessary Self-resignation 
and subjection. In two Assize 
Sermons preached at Worcester. 
By Richard Baxter. London, 
Printed for Nevill Simmons, Book- 
sellar [sic] in Kidderminster, and 
are to be sold at London by Wil- 
liam Roybould at the Unicorne in 
Pauls Church-yard. 1655. [18°.] 
There is a separate title-page to 
each Sermon as follows : 

{a) A Sermon of the absolute 
Dominion of God-Redeemer, 
and the necessity of being 
devoted and living to him. 
Preached before the honour- 
able Judge of Assize at Wor- 
cester, Aug. 2, 1654. [Rest 
as in general title. ] 
{b) A Sermon of the absolute 
Soveraignty of Christ : and 
the necessity of man's sub- 
jection, dependance and 
chiefest love to him. Preach- 
ed before the Judges of As- 
size at Worcester. [Rest as 
in general title.] 
Collation: General title-page — ist 
.special title-page. — Epistle Dedicatory 
to * Serjeant Glyn, now Judge of Assize ' 
pp. 20. Errors i page, ist Sermon from 
I Corinthians vi. 19, 20, pp. i-ii6. 2d 
special title-page. To the Christian 
reader 2 pp. 2d Sermon from Psalm ii. 
10-12, pp 121-216. 
%* The ' Reliqjiue^ says 'The first was 

Writings of Richard Baxter, 


preached before Judge Atkins, Sir Tho- 
mas Rous being high-sheriff : the second 
before Serjeant Glyn, who desiring me 
to print it I thought meet to print the 
former with it.' [As before Pt. I. p. 110.] 
My copy of this little volume has been 
successively in the possession of the well- 
known critics and editors Thomas Park 
and the Rev. John Mitford. The for- 
mer's autograph, dated 18 15, is on the 
general title-page : that of the latter on 
the front fly-leaf, dated Oct. 1840, and he 
has written ' Two excellent and eloquent 

X. Rich. Baxter's Confession of 
his Faith, especially concerning 
the interest of Repentance and 
sincere Obedience to Christ in our 
Justification and Salvation. Writ- 
ten for the satisfaction of the mis- 
informed, the conviction of Ca- 
lumniators and the Explication and 
Vindication of some weighty 
Truths. London, Printed by R. 
W. for Thos. Underhil and Fra. 
Tyton, and are to be sold at the 
Anchor and Bible in Paul's Church- 
yard, and at the three Daggers in 
Fleet-street, 1655. [4°.] 

Collation: Title-page. i page with 
two quotations. The Preface pp. 47. 
Contents pp. 3. Errata 1 page. Treatise 
pp. 462. On page 462 is ' Finis' and here 
usually copies end : but the complete 
book has after this ' An Addition to the 
nth chapter of the 3d Part of the Saint's 
Rest' pp. 8 and Letters of the celebrated 
Gataker pp. 19. Errata i page. 

\* The last Letter is written by Charles 
Gataker for his venerable and then dying 
fother. See ''Religuice'' [Lib. L p. iii] for 
a very severe and unhappily well-de- 
served castigation of Dr John Owen, who 
wrote most unrighteously against both 
Baxter and John Goodwin. Baxter in 
his ' Confession ' and in other of his 
treatises stood side by side with John 
Goodwin against the wild Antinonian- 
ism of the period. 

XI. Humble Advice or the 
Heads of those things which were 
offered to many honourable mem- 
bers of Parliament by Mr Richard 
Baxter at the end of his sermon, 
December 24 at the Abby in 
Westminster, with some Additions 
as they were delivered by him to 
a friend that desired them, who 

thought meet to make them pub- 
lick. London, Printed for Tho- 
mas Underhill and Francis Tyton 
1655. [4°.] 

Collation: Title-page and pp. 11. 

%* The British Museum copy has a 
contemporary date 'Jany 2d.' and the 
letter 5 in 1655 is marked out and 4 
written. Baxter in the ' Reliquise' [Lib. 
L p. iii] describes this as ' one scrap of a 

sermon taken by 

some one and printed.' 

XH. The Vnreasonableness of 
Infidelity: manifested in Four Dis- 
courses, the subject of which is 
expressed in the next pages. Writ - 
ten for the strengthening of the 
weak, the establishing of the 
tempted, the staying of the present 
Course of Apostasie, and the Re- 
covery of those that have not 
sinned unto death. By Richard 

London, Printed by R. W. for 
Thomas Underbill, at the Bible 
and Anchor in Paul's Church-yard 
and for F. Tyton at the 3 daggers 
in Fleet street. 1655. [i2°J. 

The following are the 'subjects' 
referred to in title-page : — 

1. The Spirit's extrinsick wit- 
ness to the Truth of Chris- 
tianity on Gal. iii. 1-3. 
With a determination of 
this Question : Whether the 
miraculous works of Christ 
and his Disciples do oblige 
those to Believe who never 
saw them ? Aff. 

2. The Spirit's Internal wit- 
ness to the Truth of Chris- 
tianity on I John v. 10. 

3. For Prevention of the un- 
pardonable sin against the 
Holy Ghost : a Demonstra- 
tion that the Spirit and 
works of Christ were the 
finger of God : or the holy 

. war between Christ and 
Satan ; on Matt. xii. 22 
to 33. A Postscript against 
Mr Lyford''s exceptions. 

Annotated List of the 

4. The arrogancy of Reason 
against Divine Revelations 
repressed : or proud Ignor- 
ance the cause of Infidelity 
and of men's quarrelling 
with the word of God, on 
John iii. 9. 

Collation: Title-page, Titles as supra 
— a page of passages of Scripture. — Dedi- 
cation to Lord Broghill pp. 15. An Ad- 
vertisement pp. 22. The Preface pp. 43. 
The Contents pp. 10. Errata i page. 
' The Spirit's Witness' pp. 1-124. Then 
a separate title-page. 

A Determination of this Ques- 
tion, Whether, etc. [as above] 
London, Printed [as in general 
title-page] 1655. 

To the Reader pp. 2. Treatise 
pp. 1-195. Another separate title- 

For Prevention [as before, down 
to 'finger of God 'J London, Print- 
ed Anno Dom. 1655. 

Treatise pp. 283. Postscript pp. 
284-310. Another separate title- 

The Arrogancy [as before] Lon- 
don : Printed by T. N. for Tho. 
Underbill 1655. 

A page of passages of Scripture. 
Treatise pp. 5-77. 

*** These several treatises are found 
separately issued and without Baxter's 
name on the title-page. In the British 
Museum Library in the copy of 'The 
Arrogancy of Reason' there is contem- 
poraneously written on title ' Baxter' and 
on 'For Prevention, etc., a reference is 
given to page 82 as determining Baxter 
to be the author, as follows ' Three or 
four of these discourses I have spoak of 
already in my second part of the Saint's 
Rest.' See ' Reliquiae ' [Lib. L p. ii]for 
notice of this very able and acute book. 
Orme cannot have seen this work or 
any of the combined treatises. 

XIII. Gildas Salviantcs ; the 
Reformed Pastor. Shewing the 
nature of the Pastoral work ; espe- 
cially in private instruction and 
catechizing. With an open. Con- 
fession of our too open sins. Pre- 
pared for a day of Humiliation 
kept at Worcester, December 4 

1655 by the ministers of that 
county who subscribed the agree- 
ment for catechizing and personal 
instruction, at their entrance upon 
that work. By their unworthy 
fellow - servant Richard Baxter, 
Teacher of the Church at Keder- 
minster. London, Printed by 
Robert White for Nevil Simmons 
Book-seller at Kederminster, and 
are to be sold by William Roy- 
bould at the Unicorn in Paul's 
Church-yard. 1656 [i2°j. 

Collatioft : Title-page — the Preface 
to ' my reverend and dearly beloved 
brethren, the faithful ministers of Christ 
in Brittain and Ireland ' pp. 50. To the 
Lay-Reader pp. 16 — quotations from 
Hammond and Gurnal pp. 4 — the 
Contents pp. 6. Errata i page. Trea- 
tise [from Acts xx. 28] pp. 480. At end 
of page 480 is ' Finis. December 25, 
1655,' but there follow two Letters (i) 
' to the reverend and faithful ministers of 
Christ in the several counties of this 
Land, and the gentlemen and other 
natives of each county now inhabiting 
the city of London' pp. 7 (2) 'to all 
the rest of the ministers of the Gospel in 
this county ' pp. 5. 

*i^ The second edition, which rapidly 
followed the first, has an ' Appendix in 
answer to some Objections which I have 
heard of, since the . former edition ' 
pp. 60. — [1657]. See 'Reliquiai' [Lib. 
I. p. 115] for account of the origin and 
usefulness of this book. 

XIV. The Agreement of divers 
Ministers of Christ in the County 
of Worcester and some adjacent 
parts for Catechizing or personal 
instructing all in their several 
Parishes that will consent there- 
unto. Containing I. The Arti- 
cles of Agreement. II. An Ex- 
hortation to the People to submit 
to this necessary work. III. The 
Profession of Faith and Catechism 
which we desire them first to 
learn. The second edition. Lon- 
don, Printed by R. W. for Nevil 
Simmons, Bookseller at Kidder- 
minster and are to be sold there 
by him and at London by William 
Raybould at the Unicorn in Paul's 
church-yard. 1656 [i2°J. 

Writings of Richard Baxter. 


Collation : This small volume con- 
taining Creed, Commandments and a 
Catechism consists of 42 pages. The 
former part of 11 pages is subscribed by 
58 ministers, of whom Richard Baxter 
stands first. 

*:ic* See 'Reliquiae' [Lib. I. p. 115] — 
; The Catechism we here learn was an 
enlargement of a 'Confession' which 
had been before printed as * an open 
sheet ' when * Church-discipline ' was 
'set up.' 

XV. Certain Disputations of 
Right to Sacraments and the true 
nature of Visible Christianity : de- 
fending them against several sorts 
of opponents, especially against 
the second assault of that pious, 
reverend and dear brother Mr 
Thomas Blake. By Richard Bax- 
ter, Teacher of the Church in 
Kederminster. London, Printed 
by William Du-Gard for Thomas 
Johnson at the Golden Key in St 
Paul's Church-yard. 1657 [srru 

Collation : Title-page — On reverse the 
subjects of the several 'Disputations' 
— ' To the faithfuU servants of Christ, 
the associated ministers of Worcestershire 
pp. 2 — the Preface pp. 32 — quotations 
pp. 3 — the Contents pp. 7 — Treatise pp. 
523 — On reverse a quotation from Au- 
gustine — Two Postscripts pp. 527-541 — 
Errata pp. 2. 

*** Cf. 'Reliquiae' [Lib. I. pp. 113- 

XVI. The Quakers Catechism 
or the Quakers questioned ; their 
Questions answered, and both 
Published, for the sake of them 
that have not yet sinned unto 
death ; and of those ungrounded 
novices that are most in danger 
of their Seduction. By Richard 

London, Printed by A. M. for 
Thomas Underbill at the Anchor 
and Bible in Paul's Church-yard 
and Francis Tyton at the Three 
Daggers in Fleetstreet. 1657. [4°]. 

Collatio7t : Title-page, and texts on 
reverse — To the Reader pp. 3 — To the 
Separatists and Anabaptists in England 
pp. 6 — ' An Answer to a young unsettled 

Friend' pp. 11 — The Information of 
George Coolishey, etc. pp. 4 [all un- 
paged] — Answer pp. 32. 

*:,,* See ' Reliquiae ' [Lib. I. p. 116] for 
an incisive 'rebuke' of the Quakers in 
connection with this ' Catechism.' 

XVIL The Safe Religion or 
Three Disputations for the Re- 
formed Catholike Religion against 
Popery. Proving that Popery is 
against the Holy Scriptures, the 
Unity of the Catholike Church, 
the consent of the Antient Doctors, 
the plainest Reason and common 
judgement of sense itself. By 
Richard Baxter. 

London, Printed by Abraham 
Miller, for Thomas Underbill at 
the Anchor and Bible in Paul's 
Church-yard and Francis Tyton 
at the three Daggers in Fleet - 
street. 1657 [thick 12°.] 

Collation : Title-page — To the Pro- 
testant Reader pp. 10 — To the Literate 
Romanists that will read this Book pp. 
37 — the Contents pp. 4 — Errata i page — 
Treatise pp. 455 — Table pp. 13 [the last 
often awanting]. 

%* See 'Reliquiae.' [Lib. I. pp. 116]. 

XVIII. A Treatise of Conver- 
sion. Preached and now pub- 
lished for the use of those that are 
strangers to a true Conversion, 
especially the grossly ignorant and 
ungodly. By Richard Baxter, 
Teacher of the Church of Christ 
at Kederminster. London, Printed 
by R. W. for Nevil Simmons, 
Bookseller in Kiderminster, and 
are to be sold by Joseph Nevil at 
the Plough in PauPs Church-yard. 
1657 [sm. 4°]. 

Collation: Title-page — Epistle Dedi- 
catory to the inhabitants of Kider- 
minster pp. 10 — To the Reader pp. 6 — 
the Contents, pp. 6 — Errata i page — 
Treatise [on Matthew xviii. 37] pp. 307. 

*^* See ' Reliquiae.' [Lib. L pp. 
1 1 4]. ' I published a treatise of Conver- 
sion, being some plain Sermons on that 
subject, which Mr Baldwin — an honest 
young minister that had lived in my 
house and learned my proper characters 
or short-hand in which I wrote my ser- 
mon-notes — had transcribed out of my 
notes,' etc. etc. 

Amwtated List of the 

XIX. A Winding-sheet for 
I^opery. By Richard Baxter, 

London, Printed by Robert 
White, for Nevil Simmons, Book- 
seller in Kederminster, Anno 
Dom. 1657. [12°]. 

Collatio7i : Title-page — and pp. 13. 

%* See 'Reliquiae' [Lib. I. p. 116]. 

XX. One Sheet for the Mi- 
nistry against the Malignants of 
all sorts. By Richard Baxter. 

London, Printed by Robert 
White, for Nevil Simmons, Book- 
seller in Kederminster, Anno 
Dom. 1657. [12°]. 

Collation : Title-page — and pp. 14. 
%* See ' Reliquiae' [Lib. L p. 117]. 

XXL One Sheet against the 
Quakers. By Richard Baxter. 

London, Printed by Robert 
White for Nevil Simmons, Book- 
seller in Kederminster, Anno 
Dom. 1657. [12°]. 

Collation : Title-page — Treatise pp. 
*i„* See ' Reliqui^' [Lib. I. p. 116]. 

XXIL A Second Sheet for the 
Ministry justifying our Calling 
against Quakers, Seekers and 
Papists, and all that deny us to be 
the Ministers of Christ. By 
Richard Baxter. London, Printed 
by R. White for Nevil Simmons, 
Bookseller in Kidderminster. 
1657. [sm. 4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — and pp. 16. 
%* See ' Reliquice ' [Lib. I. p. 117]. 

XXIIL Directions to Justices 
of Peace, especially in Corpora- 
tions, for the discharge of their 
duty to God : written at the request 
of a Magistrate, and published 
for the US8 of others yt need it. By 
Richard Baxter, impelled by the 
love of God and men to become 
tlieir submissive Monitor. London, 
l*rinted by Robert White for 
Nevil Simmons. 1657. [12°]. 

%* Collation: Half-title — and pp. 7. 
My copy is a contemporary MS. dated 

' Octob. 20. 1657 ' — and looks like the 
holograph of Baxter. I purchased it in 
Worcester along with a number of 
Baxters rarest tractates. In the * Reli- 
quiae' [Lib. L p. 117] he says ' I printed 
it in an open sheet to stick upon a wall.' 

XXIV. A Call to the Uncon- 
verted to Turn and Live and 
Accept of Mercy while Mercy 
may be had, as ever they would 
find mercy in the day of their 
extremity : From the Living God. 
By his unworthy servant Richard 
Baxter, to be read in families 
where any are unconverted. The 
eleventh edition. London, Printed 
by R. W. for N. Simmons, Book- 
seller at Kederminster and are to 
be sold by Henry Mortlock at the 
sign of the Phoenix in St Paul's 
Church-yard, 1665. At is. bound 

Collation : Title-page. The Reason 
of this work pp. 4. The Preface pp. 32. 
Contents pp. 4. Books by Baxter pp. 4 
[all unpaged]. Treatise pp. 239. [Text 
Ezekiel xxxiii. 11]. 

%* Among many editions I have se- 
lected that of the year of the plague 
' 1665.' We can well understand the 
wistfulness with which then he would 
re-issue it. The 13th edition ' 1669' has 
the 'addition of some passages.' The 
first edition was published in 1657. It at 
once seized the popular heart and has 
never lost its hold. It is perhaps the 
most vital of all Baxter's books. See 
his ' Reliquiae' [Lib. L pp. 114-115], for 
his own wondering and grateful account 
of its ' unexpected success.' ' I had 
rather,' said Dr Isaac Watts, ' be the 
author of Mr Baxter's " Call to the 
Unconverted " than the author of Milton's 
Paradise Lost.' In common with other 
of Baxter's writings it imparts its own 
unearthly fervour — as Henry Rogers has 
noted — to the many great minds wljo 
have written of it. Cf. Rogers' splendid 

* Essay ' prefixed to the modern reprint 
of Baxter's * Practical Works' [4 vols. 
impl. 8vo. 1838], and Dr Chalmers' 

* Introduction to the ' Call ' and ' Now or 
Never' in Collins' series. It was soon 
translated into nearly every language of 
Europe. I was shewn at Harvard 
University Library, Cambridge U. S. 
a copy of a versicm by holy John Eliot 
the Apostle of the Indians into their 
strange tongue ; .which with the Bible 
is the one pathetic monument of a 
nation and language long since extinct. 

Writings of Richard Baxter. 


Cotton Mather in his Life of Eliot 
tells very tenderly of one of the Indian 
chiefs dying with the ' Call ' as his one 
light as he travelled towards the setting 

XXV. Richard Baxter's Ac- 
count of his present Thoughts 
concerning the Controversies about 
the Perseverance of the Saints. 
Occasioned by the gross misreports 
of some passages in his book, 
called The Right Method for 
Peace of Conscience, etc. ; which 
are left out in the last impression 
to avoid offence, and this here 
substituted, for the fuller explica- 
tion of the same points. London, 
Printed for Tho. Underbill at the 
Anchor and Bible in Paul's 
Church-yard and F. Tyton at the 
Three Daggers in Fleet -street. 
1657 [4°]. 

Collation: Title-page. — Treatise pp. 

*** On the title-page of my copy is the 
autograph of the good 'John Billings- 
ley' 1687. See 'Reliquiffi' [Lib. I. p. 
110] for autobiographic references in 
connection with this tractate, 

XXVI. Making Light of Christ 
and Salvation too oft the issue of 
Gospel - Invitations. Manifested 
in a sermon preached at Laurence 
lury in London. By Rich. Bax- 
ter, Teacher of the Church of 
Christ at Kederminster, in Wor- 
cestershire. London, Printed by 
R. White for Nevil Simmons 
Bookseller in Kederminster, 1658 
12° [Text Matthew xxii. 5]. 
Title-page. To the Reader pp. 4. 
Treatise pp. 181-243. 

\* In the * Reliquiae ' there is a singu- 
larly interesting account of the original 
* preaching ' of this Sermon : and as it 
evidences his popularity and power it 
follows ' This Sermon was preached at 
Laurence lury, where Mr Vines was 
pastor: where though I sent the day 
before to secure room for the Lord Brog- 
hill and the Earl of Suffolk, with whom 
I was to go in the coach : yet when I 
came the crowd had so little respect of 
persons that they were fain to go home 
again because they could not come within 

hearing : and the old Earl of Warwick 
who stood in the abbey) brought me 
home again. And Mr Vines himself was 
fain to get up into the pulpit and sit 
behind me and 1 to stand between his 
legs : which I mention that the reader 
may understand that verse in my poem 
concerning him which is printed, where 
I say 

* At once the pulpit held us both ' 
[Lib. L s. 112.] 

XXVII. A Sermon of Judge- 
ment. Preached at Pauls before 
the Honourable Lord Maior and 
Aldermen of the City of London, 
Decemb. 17, 1654. And now 
enlarged. By Rich. Baxter. Lon- 
don, Printed by R. W. for Nevil 
Simmons, Bookseller in Keder- 
minster, 1658. 12°. 

Collation : Title-page — Dedication 'To 
the Right Honourable Christopher Pack, 
Lord Maior of London, with the right 
worshipful Aldermen ' pp. 1 1 — To the 
ignorant or careless reader pp. 3 — Trea- 
tise pp. 174 [Text 2 Corinthians v. 10, 

*.)(.* My copy has on the front fly-leaf 
the autograph of the excellent 'John Raw- 
let' — [Nos. xxvi. and xxvii. make one 
volume, with continuous pagination]. I 
have another edition of this little book 
by itself '1672.' 'Another of these 
Sermons [as preached in London] which 
I published was * a Sermon of Judgment, 
which I enlarged into a small 
This was preached at Paul's [St Paul's] 
at the desire of Sir Christopher Pack, 
then Lord Mayor, lo tJie gj^eatest attdi- 
to7'y that I ez'er saw.^ ' Reliquije ' [Lib. 
L p. 112]. 

XXVIII. The Crucifying of the 
World by the Cross of Christ. 
With a Preface to the Nobles, 
gentlemen and all the rich, direct- 
ing them how they may be richer. 
By Richard Baxter. London, 
Printed by R. W. for Nevill Sim- 
mons, Bookseller in Kederminster, 
and are to be sold by him there ; 
and by Nathaniel Ekins at the 
Gun in Paul's Church-yard. Anno 
Dom. 1658 [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — Epistle Dedi- 
catory ' to my worthy friend, Thomas 
Foley, Esq.' pp. 6 — the Preface pp. 50 
— quotations from Baronius, etc., pp. 6 — 

Annotated List of the 

the Contents pp. 6 — books of same au- 
thor pp. 2 — Treatise pp. 254 — [The 
' Text ' on which it is based is Gala- 
tians vi. 14.] 

%* See 'Reliquise' [Lib. I. p. 116.] 
It has been recently admirably re-printed 
imder the careful editorship of Mr 
Baillie the biographer of Hewitson. 

XXIX. Of Saving Faith : that 
it is not only gradually but specifi- 
cally distinct from all common 
faith. The Agreement of Richard 
Baxter with that very learned 
consenting adversary that hath 
maintained my assertion by a pre- 
tended confutation in the end of 
wSergeant wShephard's book of Sin- 
cerity and Hypocrisie. With ten 
Reasons of my Dissent in some 
passages that came in on the by. 
London, Printed by R. W. for 
Nevill Simmons Bookseller in Ke- 
derminster, and are to be sold by 
him there ; and by Nathaniel 
Ekins at the Gun in Paul's Church- 
yard. Anno Dom. 1658 [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — Epistle to Ser- 
geant S. pp. 2 — Contents pp. 3 — errata 
on reverse of p. 3 — Treatise pp. 96. 

*;,£* * Finis ' is placed on page 89 and 
on page 90 this Note : * Reader, Be- 
cause many that have bought the former 
editions of my book called the Sainfs 
Rest, do grudge that I have annexed a 
sheet to the 7th impression on this sub- 
ject which was not in the former, that 
they may have it here without buying 
that book again, I shall here also annex 
it.' It fills pp. 90-96. — In the ' Reli- 
quiae ' [Lib. I. p. 117] Baxter refers to Barlow's part in Sergeant Shep- 
hard's book : and complains bitterly of 
the Printer for having done his work so 
' shamefully that it is scarcely to be im- 

XXX. Confirmation and Res- 
tauration, the necessary means of 
Reformation and Reconciliation : 
for the Healing of the Corruptions 
and Divisions of the Churches : 
Submissively, but earnestly ten- 
dered to the consideration of the 
Soveraigne Powers, Magistrates, 
Ministers and People, that they 
may awake and be up and doing 

in the execution of so much as 
appeareth to be necessary, as they 
are true to Christ, His Church 
and Gospel, and to their own and 
other souls, and to the peace and 
wellfare of the Nations ; and as 
they will answer the neglect to 
Christ at their peril. 

By Richard Baxter, an unworthy 
Minister of Christ, that longeth to 
see the healing of the Churches. 

London, Printed by A. M. for 
Nevill Simmons, Bookseller in 
Kederminster, and are to be sold 
by Joseph Cranford, at the Kings- 
Head in Pauls Church-yard. 
1658. [12°.] 

Collation: Title-page — To the Reader 
pp. 9 — The Contents pp. 18 — Treatise 
316 — Postscript [unpaged] p. 64 — Errata 
I page. 

*** This book was highly commended 
by Dr Patrick, late Bishop of Ely, in 
his Aqua Genitalis p. 471. Calamy 
Account Vol. I. p. 413. All Patrick's 
references to Baxter are respectful and 
kindly. See the recent collective edition 
of his Works by Taylor, sub noinine. 
Cf. also 'Reliquiae' [Lib. I. p. 117]. 

XXXI. The Judgment and Ad- 
vice of the Assembly of the Associ- 
ated Ministers of Worcester-shire, 
held at Worcester Aug. 6th 1658. 
Concerning the endeavours of Ec- 
clesiastical Peace and the waies 
and means of Christian vmity, which 
Mr John Durey doth present ; 
sent unto him in the name, and 
by the appointment of the afore- 
said Assembly. By Richard Bax- 
ter Pastor of the Church at Ked- 
erminster. London, Printed for 
T. Underbill at the three Daggers 
in Fleet-street, 1658 [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — and pp. 2-8. 
Inscription * To my reverend and much 
honoured brother Mr John Durey'. . . 
See 'Reliquiae' [Lib. I. pp. 117] where 
Baxter states that besides above, he 
' drew up in Latin more largely ' a 
'judgment' how best to expedite ' Paci- 

XXXH. Of Justification : Four 
Disputations clearing and amica- 

Writings of Richard Baxter. 

bly defending the Truth against 
the unnecessary oppositions of 
divers learned and reverend bre- 
thren. By Richard Baxter, a ser- 
vant of Christ for Truth and Peace. 
London, Printed by R. W. for 
Nevil Simmons, Bookseller in 
Kederminster and are to be sold 
by him there ; and by Nathanal 
Ekins at the Gun in Pauls Church- 
yard, 1658 [4°] 

Collation: Title-page — the Preface 
pp. 12 — the Contents pp. 6 — Errata i 
page — Treatise pp. 423. 

%* See 'Reliquiae' [Lib. I. p. 14] for 
account of this — He there says * If the 
Reader would have the sum of my judg- 
ment about justification in brief, he may 
find it very plainly in a sermon on that 
subject among the ' Morning Exercises 
at St Giles in the Fields, preached by my 
worthy friend Mr Gibbons of Black- 
Fryers — in whose church I ended my 
public ministry,' etc. etc. 

XXXIII. Directions and Per- 
swasions to a Sound Conversion : 
For Prevention of that Deceit and 
Damnation of Souls, and of those 
Scandals, Heresies and desperate 
Apostasies, that are the conse- 
quents of a Counterfeit or Super- 
ficial Change. By Richard Baxter. 

London, Printed by A. M. for 
Nevil Simmons, Bookseller in 
Kederminster, and are to be sold 
by him there, and by N. Ekins, 
at the Gun in Paul's Church-yard, 
1658 [I2°J. 

Collatio7t : Title-page — The Preface 
pp. 8 — The Contents pp. 4 — Errata — 
Treatise pp. 534 — ' Which book hath been 
marvellously useful to many, and, by 
. preventing those mistakes in practical 
religion which are often fatal,' Calamy : 
Account, Vol. I. p. 413. See also ' Re- 
liquiae' [Lib. I. p. 115]. 

XXXIV. The Grotian Religion 
Discovered, at the Invitation of Mr 
Thomas Pierce in his Vindication. 
"With a Preface, vindicating the 
Synod of Dort from the calumnies 
of the New Tilenus ; and David, 
Peter, etc. And the Puritanes 
and Sequestrations, etc., from the 

censures of Mr Pierce. By Rich- 
ard Baxter, Catholick. 

London, Printed by R. W. for 
Nevill Simmons, Bookseller in 
Kederminster, and are to be sold 
by him there, and by Tho. Brew- 
ster, at the three Bibles, and by 
John Starkey at the Miter at the 
West end of Paul's, 1658 [18°]. 

Collation : Title-page — Errata — The 
Preface pp. 51 — Books by Baxter pp. 2 
— Treatise pp. 119. 

*** At commencement of this Trea- 
tise Baxter has printed * April 9, 1658, 
Incept,^ and at close ' Finitur, April 14, 
1658,' an example of his extraordinary 
rapidity of composition, * Written 
against Dr Pierce containing a vindica- 
tion of the doctrine of the Synod of 
Dort and the old Puritans,' Calamy, 
' Account,' Vol. I. p. 413. Cf. Baxter's 
own full and passionate account : Re- 
liquiae, Baxt. [Lib. L p. 113.] He says 
' It was only the matter of fact which I 
undertook, viz., to prove that Grotius 
profest himself a moderate Papist : but 
for his fault in so doing I little meddled 
with it.' 

XXXV. Five Disputations of 
Church-Government and Worship. 
I. Whether it be necessary or 
profitable to the right order or 
peace of the Churches of England, 
that we restore the extruded Epis- 
copacy? Neg. II. Assert. Those 
who nullifie our present ministry 
and Churches which have not the 
prelatical ordination, and teach the 
people to do the like, do incur the 
guilt of grievous sin. III. An 
Episcopacy desirable for the Refor- 
mation, Preservation and Peace of 
the Churches. IV. Whether a 
stinted Liturgie or Form of Wor- 
ship be a desirable means for the 
peace of these Churches? V. 
Whether human ceremonies be 
necessary or profitabfe to the 
Church? By Richard Baxter. 
London, Printed by R. W. for 
Nevil Simmons, Bookseller in 
Kederminster, and are to be sold 
by him there and by Thomas 
Johnson at the Golden Key in St 

Annotated List of the 

Paul's Church -yard, 1659. At 
4s. 6d. bound [sm. 4°]. 

Collatio7t : Title-page — Epistle Dedi- 
catory ' To his Highness Richard, Lord 
Protector' pp. 8 — a Preface pp. 38 — the 
Contents pp. 8 — Errata i page — an Ad- 
vertisement to prevent misunderstanding 
pp. 24 — Treatise pp. 492 — On page 491 is 
added ' Finitur. July 9, 1658,' and then 
' Satisfaction to certain Calumniators ' — 
This refers to a charge that he was mak- 
ing ' three or four hundred a-year ' by 
his books — with curious details as to the 
prices of books and publishing arrange- 
ments. Ba.xter with great vigour rebukes 
his ' slanderers' pp. 491-492. 

The following are the separate 
title-pages of each part : — 

I. Only a heading as follows, 
' Whether it be necessary or profit- 
able to the right order or the peace 
of the Churches of England that 
we restore the extruded Episco- 
pacy ?' 

II. The Second Disputation vin- 
dicating the Protestant Churches 
and ministers that have not pre- 
latical ordination, from the re- 
proaches of those dividers that 
would nullify them. Written upon 
the sad complaints of many godly 
ministers in several parts of the 
nation, whose hearers are turning 
Separatists. By Richard Baxter. 
London, Printed by Robert White 
for Nevil Simmons, Bookseller in 
Kederminster. 1658. 

III. The Third Disputation for 
such sorts of Episcopacy or Dis- 
parity in exercise of the ministry, 
as is desirable or conducible to the 
peace and reformation of the 
Churche-s. [As before]. 

IV. The Fourth Disputation of 
a Form of Liturgy : how far it is 
necessary, desirable or M^arrant- 
able : in order to a Peace between 
the Parties that differ herein, and 
too uncharitably prosecute their 
difference. [As before]. 

V. The Fifth Disputation of 
humane ceremonies whether they 
are necessary or profitable to the 

imposed or observed ? By Richard 
Baxter. London [as before]. 

*** *A book pleading for moderation 
at the time when bishops, liturgy and 
ceremonies were most decried and op- 
posed.' Calaniy 'Account' Vol. I. p. 
413. See Baxter's own fuller statement 
in ' Reliquiae' [Lib. L pp. 117, 118]. 

XXXVI. A Key for Cathohcks 
to open the Jugling of the Jesuits 
and satisfie all that are but truly 
willing to understand, whether the 
cause of the Roman or Reformed 
Churches be of God ; and to leave 
the reader utterly unexcusable that 
after this will be a Papist. The 
first Part, containing some Argu- 
ments by which the meanest may 
see the vanity of Popery ; and 40 
Detections of their Fraud ; with 
Directions and Materials sufficient 
for the Confutation of their volumi- 
nous deceits : particularly repelling 
Boverius, Richlieu, H. T. 's Manual, 
some Manuscripts, etc. With some 
Proposals for a (hopeless) Peace. 
The second Part sheweth (especi- 
ally against the French and Gro- 
tians) that the Catholick Churcli 
is not united in any meerly hu- 
mane head, either Pope or Coun- 
cil. By Richard Baxter, a Catho- 
lick Christian and Pastor of a 
Church of such at Kederminster. 
London, Printed by R. W. for 
Nevil Simmons, Bookseller in 
Kederminster, and are to be sold 
by him there, and by Thomas 
Johnson at the Golden Key in St 
Paul's Church-yard. 1659. At 
4s. bound [sm. 4"]. 

Collation: Title-page — the Preface 
pp. 18 — the Contents pp. 19-26 — Errata 
I page — Treatise pp. 459 — On pp. 459-60 
the ' Satisfaction to certain Calumnia- 
tors' referred to under No. XXXV. 

*^* At the close of ' the Preface ' he 
thanks, of all men, the * Earl of Lauder- 
dale ' for having ' translated ' his PVench 
' quotations ' for him ! In 1674 Baxter 
published a 2d edition of the 'Key' 
which is described as 'much corrected 
and augmented.' See ' Reliquiae' [Lib. 
I. p. 118J for a powerful statement of the 

Church, and how far they may be I circumstances under which the ' Key 

IVrit'uigs of Richard Baxter. 


was written, even 'at the hazard of his 
life.' — Cf. also ' Reliquiae ' p. 180. It 
lias been well edited and republished by 

XXXVII. A Holy Common- 
wealth or Political Aphorisms 
opening the true Principles of 
Government : for the healing of the 
mistakes and resolving the doubts 
that most endanger and trouble 
England at this time (if yet there 
may be hope). And directing the 
Desires of sober Christians that 
long to see the Kingdoms of this 
world become the Kingdoms of 
the Lord and of his Christ. 
Written by Richard Baxter at the 
invitation of James Harrington, 
Esquire. With a Preface to them 
that have caused our eclipses since 
1646, and a sounder Answer to 
the Healing Question, and the Je- 
suits Method for restoring Popery. 
London, Printed for Thomas Un- 
derbill and Francis Tyton, and 
are to be sold at the sign of the 
Anchor and Bible in Paul's 
Church-yard and at the Three 
Daggers in Fleet-street. 1659. 
[Cr. 8vo.] 

Collation : Title-page — the Preface 
pp. 28 — an addition pp. 44 — Adam Cout- 
zen the Jesuites Directions for preserv- 
ing and restoring Popery, and changing 
Religion in a Nation before the people 
are awake pp. 13 — the Contents pp. 6 — 
Treatise pp. 517 — catalogue of the Pub- 
lishers' books pp. 9 — On reverse of last 
page, 'To the Binder' and this note, 
' The price of this book is 3s. bound.' 

*^* See the 'Reliquiae' [Lib. I. pp. 
118, T19] for a full account of this very 
remarkable book — also onward [Part 
III. pp. 71, 72J where he assigns his 
reasons for recalling it_and asking it to 
be regarded as nou scripttun. 

XXXVHL A Treatise of S elf- 
Denial. By Richard Baxter, Pas- 
tor of the Church at Kedermifister. 

London, Printed by Robert 
White, for Nevil Simmons at the 
Princes Arms in Saint Pauls 
Church-yard. 1675 [cr. 8°]. 

Collation : Title-page. A Premonition 

concerning this Second Edition, pp. 4. 
Epistle Dedicatory to Colonel James 
Berry, etc. pp. 38 [entitled ' The Epistle 
Monitory']. The Preface, pp. 39. The 
Contents, pp. II [all unpaged]. Treatise 
pp. 417. A Dialogue of Self-Denial (in 
verse) pp. 13 [unpaged]. Text [Luke ix. 

*^* The Dialogue is often awanting. 
The following is the title, etc. of the 
original edition : — 

A Treatise of Self-Denyall. By 
Richard Baxter, Pastor of the 
Church at Kederminster. Lon- 
don, Printed by Robert White, for 
Nevil vSimmons, Bookseller in 
Kederminster, and are to be sold 
by him there, and by William Gil- 
bertson at the Bible in Gilt Spur- 
street without Newgate, and by 
Joseph Nevil at the Plow in Pauls 
Church -yard, 1660. At 3s. 3d. 
bound, [sm. 4°.] 

Collation : Title-page. Epistle Dedi- 
catory to Berry [as above] pp. 30. The 
Preface, pp. 30. The Contents, pp. 5 
and on reverse of page 5 ' Errata.' Trea- 
tise [from Luke ix. 23, 24] pp. 329. A 
' Dialogue ' pp. 8. As noted above from 
* Finis ' being placed on page 329 this 
' Dialogue ' which is added, unpaged, is 
often amissing. 

*4(-*See 'Reliquiae' [Lib. I. p. 117]. 

XXXIX. Catholick Unity : or 
the only way to bring us all to be 
of one Religion. By Rich. Bax- 
ter. To be read by such as are 
offended at the differences in Reli- 
gion and are willing to do their 
part to heal them. 

London, Printed by R. W. for 
Thomas Underbill and Francis 
Tyton, and are to be sold at the 
sign of the Anchor and Bible in 
Paul's Church-yard, and at the 
three Daggers in Fleet Street. 
1660. [i8°j. 

Collation : Title-page. Dedication 
'To all those in the several! Pari.shes of 
these Nations that complain of the di.s- 
agreements in matters of Religion' pp. 
29. The Contents, pp. 4. Treatise, pp. 
379. On last page this note ' Preached 
Dec. 24th 1657. 

*^.* 'Another Sermon which I preached 
at Martin's Church, I printed with en- 
largement called Catholick Unity.' ' Re- 
liquiae' [Lib. I. p. 112]. Text, Ephesians 
iv. 3. 


AfmOfated List of the 

XL Universal Concord. The 
first Part. The sufficient Terms 
proposed for the use of those who 
have the Uberty to use them : and 
as the Author's Profession of his 
own Religion in a contentious, 
dividing age. By Richard Baxter. 
The First and General Part is pre- 
paratory to the Second Part, con- 
taining the Particular Terms of 
Reconciling the severall differing 
Parties that are Reconcileable. 
London, Printed by R.W. for Nevil 
Simmons, Bookseller in Keder- 
minster. 1660. [12°]. 

Collation: Title-page — to the Reader 
pp. 10. Treatise, pp. 80. 

*^* The only copy of this that I have 
anywhere traced is in the Bodleian, ac- 
quired since the printed Catalogue was 
prepared. From the ' Reliquiae ' [Lib. I. 
pp. 119, 120], we learn that above was 
all that was published. 'When I wrote I 
thought to have published a second part 

but the change of the times 

hath necessarily changed that purpose.' 
Calamy assigns it to 1658: so that he can't 
have seen it ; nor Orme who copies 1658. 
It is difficult to account for its extreme 
scarcity. Others preceding the Fire of 
London are frequently to be found. 

XLL The True Catholick and 
Catholick Church described and 
the vanity of the Papists and all 
other Schismaticks that confine 
the Catholick Church to their 
sect discovered and shamed. By 
Richard Baxter, a memi)er of 
that one Universal Church which 
containeth all the true Christians 
in the world. With an applogeti- 
cal Postscript against the factions 
principles and writings -^f 'Mr T. 
Malpas, Mr T. Pierce, Philo-Tile- 
nus and such others. — London, 
Printed by A. M. for T. Under- 
bill at the Anchor and Bible in 
Pauls Church yard, and F. Tyton 
at the three Daggers in Fleet- 
street. 1660 [i8°J. 

Collation : Title-page — the Preface 
pp. 6 — Contents pp. 4 — Treatise [from 
I Corinthians xii. 12J pp. 275 — Postscript 

pp. 277-331 — Errata on reverse of page 

** See 'Reliquiae' [Lib. I. p. 112] 
for a stirring account of the design of 
this book and a pungent notice of ' Mal- 
pas '—Orme misdates this 1659. 

XLII. A Sermon of Repent- 
ance, preached before the Honour- 
able House of Commons assembled 
in Parliament at Westminster at 
their late solemn Fast for the set- 
tling of these Nations, April 30, 
1660. By Richard Baxter. Lon- 
don, Printed by R. W. and A. M. 
for Francis Tyton and Jane Un- 
derbill, and are to be sold at the 
sign of the three Daggers in Fleet - 
street and at the Bible and Anchor 
in Pauls Church-yard. 1660 [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — To House of 
Commons pp. 4 — Sermon [Text xxxvi. 
31] PP- 47- 

*^* 'Reliquiae' [Lib. L p. 120]. 

XLIIL. Right Rejoycing : or 
the Nature and Order of rational 
and warrantable joy. Discovered 
in a Sermon preached at St Pauls 
before the Lord Maior [sic] and 
aldermen, and the several com- 
panies of the city of London on 
May 10, 1660, appointed by both 
Houses of Parliament to be a day 
of solemn Thanksgiving for God's 
raising up and succeeding his Ex- 
cellency and other instruments, in 
order to his Majestie's restoration 
and the settlement of these Na- 
tions. By Richard Baxter. Lon- 
don, Printed by R. W. and A. M. 
for Francis Tyton and Jane Un- 
derbill, and are to be sold at the 
sign of the three Daggers in Fleet - 
street and at the Bible and Anchor 
in Paul's Church-yard. 1660 [4°.] 

Collation: Fly-leaf 'request of the 
court for the sermon' — Title-page — 
Epistle Dedicatory to Lord Mayor,' etc. 
pp. 4 — Sermon [Luke x. 20] pp. 51. 

*^* 'Reliquiae' [Lib. L p. 120]. 

XLI V. The Life of Faith, as it 
is the Evidence of things unseen. 
A Sermon preached [contractedly] 

Writings of Richard Baxte7\ 


before the King at White-Hall 
upon July the 22th [sic] 1660. By 
Richard Baxter, one of his Majes- 
ties Chaplains in Ordinary. Pub- 
lished by his Majestie's special 
Command. With enlargement, and 
relaxation of the style for common 

London, Printed by R. W. and 
A. M. for Francis Tyton and Jane 
Underbill, and are to be sold at 
the three Daggers in Fleet -street 
and at the Bible and Anchor in 
Pauls Church-yard ; and by Nevil 
Simmons at Kederminster. 1660. 

Collation : Title-page — Address to 
' Readers ' i page — Sermon pp. 68 [Text, 
Hebrews xi. i.] 

*^* This was subsequently very much 
enlarged and re-published as virtually a 
new book — See No. LIX. : 'Reliquiae' 
[Lib. I. p. 120]. 

XLV. The Successive Visibility 
of the Church of Which the Pro- 
testants are the soundest Members. 

1. Defended against the Oppo- 
sition of Mr William Johnson. 
II. Proved by many Arguments. 
By Richard Baxter. Whereto is 
added i. An Account of my 
judgement to Mr J. how far Here- 
ticks are or are not in the Church. 

2. Mr J. 's Explication of the most 
used terms ; with my Queries 
thereupon and his Answers, and 
my Reply. 3. An Appendix about 
successive Ordination. 4. Letters 
between me and T. S. a Papist, 
with a Narrative of the Success. 

London, Printed by R. W. for 
Nevil Simmons, Bookseller in Ke- 
derminster, and are to be sold by 
Francis Tyton at the three Dag- 
gers in Fleet-street. 1660 [12°]. 

Collation : Title-page — The Preface 
and Postscript pp. 1-28 — The Contents 
pp. 6 — Errata — Treatise pp. 392. 

*** This Treatise has the following 
separate title-pages : — 

At page 194 'The Second 
Part : Wherein the succes- 

sive Visibility of the Church, 
of which the Protestants 
are chief Members, is clearly 
proved : And the Papists 
exception against it con- 
futed. London, Printed in 
the year 1660. 

At page 308 ' Mr Johnson's 
Explication of Some of the 
most used Terms, with 
Queries thereupon : and his 
Answer and my Reply. 
London, Printed 1660. 

At page 362 ' A Letter Writ- 
ten to Thomas Smith a Pa- 
pist, concerning the Church 
of Rome. London, Printed 

See 'Reliquise' [Lib. I. p. 119] for 
account of this book. 

XLVI. The Vain Religion of 
the Formal Hypocrite and the 
mischief of an unbridled tongue 
(as against religion, rulers or dis- 
senters) described in several ser- 
mons, preached at the Abby \sic\ 
in Westminster before many mem- 
bers of the Honourable House df 
Commons. 1660. And the Fool's 
Prosperity, the occasion of his de- 
struction : a Sermon preached at 
Coven-Garden \sic\ Both pub- 
lished to heal the effects of some 
hearers' misunderstandings and 
mis-reports. By Richard Baxter. 
London, Printed by R. W. for F. 
Tyton at the three daggers in 
Fleet-street, and Nevel vSimmons 
Bookseller at Kederminster. 1 660. 
At IS. bound. [18°.] 

Collation : Title-page — To the Reader 
pp. 7] — Postscript pp. 3 — Contents pp. 5 
—Treatise pp. 271 [' Text ' James i. 26J 
— A separate title as follows : ' The 
Fool's Prosperity.' A Sermon preached 
at Coven-Garden : published upon oc- 
casion of some offence and mis-reports 
By R. B. Printed in the year 1660 — 
[Text Proverbs i. 32, 33] — Treatise pp. 

^'^ 'Reliquiae' [Lib. I. p. 120]. 

XLVII. A Petition for Peace : 
with the Reformation of the Li- 


Annotated List of the 

turgy. As it was Presented to the 
Right Reverend Bishops by the 
Divines appointed by His Majes- 
ties Commission to treat with 
them about the alteration of it. 

London, Printed Anno Dom., 
1 66 1 [4°J. 

Title-page— Petition pp. 1-2 1 — 'The 
Reformation,' pp. 22-102. 

*^* On this in the ' Reliquiae,' Baxter 
says 'After our Dispute at the Savoy 
somebody printed our Papers (most of 
them) given in to them in that Treaty : 
of which the Petition for Peace, the Re- 
formed Liturgy (except the Prayer for 
the King which Dr W. wrote) the large 
reply to their Answer of our Exceptions, 
and the last two Addresses, were my 
writing. But in the first Proposals and 
the Excepti.)ns against the Liturgy I had 
less to do than others' [Lib. L p. 121]. 
Orme again over-extends his List by 
making two distinct books of this trac- 
tate. The following relates to the 
same : — 

An Accompt of all the Proceed- 
ings of the Commissioners of both 
Perswasions appointed by His 
sacred Majesty, according to Let- 
ters Patents, for the Review of the 
Book of Common Prayer. 
•London, Printed for R. PL, 
1 66 1 [4°J. 

Collation : Title-page — A copy of his 
Majesty's commission 6 pp. [unpaged] 
and pp. 35 — Documents, 2 pp. [unpaged] 
and pp. 128. 

XLVHL The Mischiefs of Self- 
Ignorance and the Benefits of 
Self-Acquaintance : Opened in 
divers Sermons at Dunstan'sr 
West. And Published in answer 
to the Accusations of some and 
the Desires of others. By Rich- 
ard Baxter. 

London, Printed by R. White 
for F. Tyton, at the three daggers 
in Fleet-street, 1662, at 2.s. 6d. 
bound [i2°J. 

Collation : Title-page — Epistle Dedi- 
catory to Anne Countess of Balcarres 
\sic\ with a Postscript pp. 46 — Another 
to 'my dearly beloved the inhabitants 
of the Burrough and Parish of Keder- 
minster in Worcestershire,' pp. 12 — Con- 
tents pp. 10 — Errata i page —Treatise 
pp. 504 — [Text 2 Cor. xiii. 5] 'Cata- 

logue of Books M^ritten and published by 
the same Author,' pp. 4. 
\* 'Reliquiae' [Lib. L p. 120.] 

XLIX. Richard Baxter, his 
Account to his dearly beloved the 
inhabitants of Kidderminster of 
the causes of his being forbidden 
by the Bishop of Worcester to 
preach within his Diocess. With 
the Bishop of Worcester's Letter 
in Answer thereunto. And some 
short Animadversions upon the 
said Bishop's Letter. London, 
Printed Anno Dom. 1662 [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — ' To my dearly 
beloved the inhabitants of the Burrough 
and Parish of Kederminster in Wor- 
cester-shire' pp. 6 [unpaged] in the 
Bishop of Worcester's Letter pp. 118 — 
the Attestation of Dr Gunning and Dr 
Pearson concerning a command of law- 
ful_ superiors, what was sufficient to its 
being a lawful command, page 19 — the 
Postscript pp. 20-26 [but pages 25 and 
26 mispaged 31 and 32 — a letter unto a 
person of honour and quality containing 
Animadversions upon the Bishop of Wor- 
cester's Letter pp. 33 — 41 signed D. E. 
[continued mis-printing of the pages on 
from page 25] a 'Second Letter' pp. 42- 
45 also signed D. E. and a curious little 
'postscript' on J. C. m. d. page 45. 

*^* Never was a ' Dignitary ' of any 
Church so mercilessly handled. Baxter 
is here specially terse and pungent in 
his style, and has occasional gleams of 
admirable humour. — The Address to his 
Kidderminster ' friends ' is very pathetic 
and intensely earnest. 

L. A Saint or a Brute. The 
certain Necessity and Excellency 
of Holiness, etc. So plainly 
proved and urgently applied, as 
by the blessing of God may con- 
vince and save the miserable, 
impenitent, ungodly sensualists, 
if they will not let the Devil hinder 
them from a sober and serious 
reading and considcjiiii;-. To be 
communicated by the charitable, 
that desire the conversion and 
salvation of souls, while the pa- 
tience of God and the day of 
grace and hope continue. By 
Richard Baxter. The First Part : 
shewing the necessity of Holiness. 

London, Printed by R. W. for 

Writings of Richard Baxter, 


Francis Tyton, at the three dag- 
gers in Fleet-street, and Nevil 
Simmons, Bookseller at Keder- 
minster, Anno Dom. 1662 [4"]. 

Collation : Title-page — Dedication ' to 
my dearly beloved triends, the inhabi- 
tants of Kederminster,' etc. pp. 9 — The 
Contents [of both Parts] pp. 5 — The In- 
troduction pp. 23 [separate pagination] 
Treatise [from Luke x. 41, 42J pp. 98 — A 
second title as follows : — ' A Saint or a 
Brute. The Second Part. Clearly 
proving by Reason as well as Scripture, 
I. In general that Holiness is best and 
necessary to our felicity : 2. Particularly 
that it is best, i. For Societies, 2. For 
individual persons. And more distinctly, 
I. That it is the only way of safety : 2. 
Of honesty : 3. The most graceful way : 
4. The most honourable : 5. The most 
pleasant. And therefore to be chosen 
by all that will obey true reason and be 
happy. London, Printed Anno Dom. 
1662.' Treatise [same text] pp. 101-384. 

LI. Besides the ' Farewell Ser- 
mon' [No. CXXVI.] there is 
another in all the Collections of 
the 'Ejected's' Farewell Sermons. 
In my copy of the famous quarto 
of 1663, it follows Jenkyn's, and 
fills 24 pages — ' Preached August 
17, 1662.' The text is Colossians 
ii. 6, 7. 

LII. Fair Warning : or XXV. 
Reasons against Toleration and 
Indulgence of Popery ; with the 
Arch-Bishop of Canterbury's Letter 
to the King and all the BishojDS of 
Ireland's Protestation to the Par- 
liament to the same purpose. With 
an Answer to the Roman Catho- 
licks reasons for Indulgence. x\lso 
the Excellent Reasons of the 
Honourable House of Commons 
against Indulgence ; with His- 
torical Observations thereupon. 

London, Printed for S. U. N. 
T. F. S. 1663 [4°]. 

Collation : Title - page — Letter [as 
above] pp. 2 — Protestation [as above] pp. 
2 — Appeal [signed John Wigorn] pp. 2 — 
Twenty-five Reasons pp. 1-23 [signed 
Richard Baxter, Catholique] — Answer 
[as above] pp. 23-32 — The excellent Rea- 
sons [as above] pp. 33-39. 

* ^* This is also found as follows : — 

A Word in Season. Or, The 
Great Plot for Restoring Popery 
by Opposing all Settlement and 
Uniformity, Foreseen by the Or- 
thodox, Confessed by the Non- 
conformists ; and managed by the 
Jesuits, as evidently appeares by 
their own several following words : 

1. To Remove all Jealousies of 
the present Government and Re- 

2. To justifie to all sober and 
honest Catholicks who are not 
herein concerned, the present great 
care and laws against Popery. 

3. And to reclaime all godly 
Men from those courses against 
Government that they know and 
confesse have given, and do give 
the greatest advantage to Popery. 
With Serious Considerations to 
those multitudes of late inclined to 
Popery : and XL. Godly Reme- 
dies against it. 

London, Printed for William 
Squire, 1663. [4°] 

Title-page — and pp. 55 'Finis' 
being placed on pp. 55 : but theH- 
after is an ' Appendix ' mis-paged 
49-60, then 73-76, ' Finis ' being 
again placed on p. 76 and ' Richard 
Baxter, Catholique ' immediately 
beside. To this impression there 
is this general title-page — 

Fair Warning. First and Second 
Part. To which is added a Third. 
By the Direction of the same 

London, Printed for S. T. V. 
T. 1663 [4°]. 

Orme makes two distinct works 
of adoz'e, drawing his description 
from Hallam's Constitutional His- 
tory,' S. 71. 

LIII. The Divine Life : in 
three Treatises : the first. Of the 
Knowledge of God ; the second, 
Of Walking with God ; the third. 
Of Conversing with God in Soli- 
tude. By Richard Baxter. London, 
Printed for Francis Tyton at the 


Annotated List of the 

three Daggers in Fleet-street, and 
Nevil Simmons Bookseller in 
Kederminster. 1664 [sm. 4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — Special title 
for first part as follows: — * A Treatise of 
the Knowledge of God and the impres- 
sion which it must make upon the heart ; 
and its necessary effects upon our lives. 
Upon John xvii. 3.' By Richard Baxter. 
London [as before] — Epistle Dedicatory 
' to the right honourable and exemplary 
lady Ann, countess of Balcarres' pp. 9 — 
to the Reader pp. 2 — the Contents pp. 4 
—Errata at bottom of fourth page — 
Treatise pp. 151. A special title for 
second part as follows: — 'The Descrip- 
tion, Reasons and Reward of the Belie- 
vers Walking with God. On Gen. v. 24.' 
By Richard Baxter. London [as before] 
— the Contents pp. 3— Treatise pp. 159- 
291. A special title for third part as fol- 
lows: — 'The Christians converse with 
God: or the Insufficiency and Uncer- 
tainty of Humane Friendship and the Im- 
provement of Solitude in Converse with 
God. With some of the author's breath- 
ings after him. By Richard Baxter. 
London [as before] — the Contents pp. 2 
— Treatise [on John xvi. 32] pp. 297 — 
[misprinted 379]— 379- My copy has the 
autograph of Romaine on the front fly- 

jL.* The general title-page is often 
a^nting. See ' Reliquiae ' [Lib. I. pp. 
120-121] for very interesting autobio- 
graphic account of this book : and of the 
portion which * the Bishop's chaplain ' 
caused to be expunged.' 

LIV. Below [No. LV.] is a 
' Second Sheet. ' I have not been 
able to find a copy of the ' First 
Sheet.' It is thus described in the 
* Reliquiae ' [Lib. L p. 122.] 'I 
wrote two sheets for poor Families : 
the first containing the method and 
motives for the conversion of the 
ungodly.' Orme makes the 
' Two Sheets ' one publication. 
The * Reliquiae ' supra shews this 
to be incorrect. 

LV. The Second Sheet for Poor 
Families. Instructions for a Holy 
Life. By Richard Baxter. London, 
Printed by Robert White, for 
Francis Tyton at the three Dragons 
in Fleet-street : and for Nevil 

Simmons Bookseller in Keder- 
minster. 1665. [12°]. 

Collation : Title — and 14 pp. : dated 
' May 10, 1665.' 

*4{.* On my copy there is written on 
the title-page ' By Subscription at the 
London Coffee-house ' undated. See 
' Reliquiae ' [Lib. I. p. 122]. 

LVI. The Reasons of the Chris- 
tian Religion. The first Part of 
Godliness : proving by natural evi- 
dence the Being of God, the neces- 
sity of Holiness and a future life 
of Retribution ; the sinfulness of 
the world ; the desert of hell ; and 
what hope of recovery mercies in- 
timate. The second Part of Chris- 
tianity : Proving by Evidence 
super-natural and natural, the cer- 
tain truth of the Christian Belief ; 
and answering the Objections of 
Unbelievers. First meditated for 
the well-setling of his own belief, 
and now published for the benefit 
of others, by Richard Baxter. It 
openeth also the true Resolution 
of the Christian Faith. Also an 
Appendix defending the soul's im- 
mortality against the.Somatists and 
Epicureans and other Pseudo-phi- 
losophers. London, Printed by 
R. White for Fran. Titon at the 
three Daggers in Fleet-street. 
1667. [4°J. 

Collation : Title-page — To the Chris- 
tian Reader pp. 8 — To the doubting and 
the unbelieving readers pp. 7 — To the 
hypocrite readers pp. 7 — the Contents 
pp. 7 — Errata i page— Treatise pp. 604. 

*^* The 'Reliquiae' [Part III. p. 61] 
gives the occasion of this lucid and un- 
answerable book,which anticipates nearly 
all vaunted modern objections — and 
refutes them, 

LVI I. Directions for Weak dis- 
tempered Christians to Grow up to 
a confirmed State of Grace. With 
Motives opening the lamentable 
Effects of their Weaknesses and 
Distempers. The First Part. 
Published also to further that 
Repentance which Wars, and 

Writmgs of Richard Baxter. 


Plagues and Flames and Church- 
Convulsions, have so long and 
loudly Preached to England. By 
Richard Baxter. London, Printed 
for Nevil wSimmons at the Three 
Crowns over against Holborn Con- 
duit. 1669 [12°]. 

Collation: Title-page — Epistle Dedi- 
catory to Church at Kederminster pp. 
3 — The Preface pp. 13 — The Contents 
pp. 2 — Treatise pp. 158. 

V 'Reliquiai' [Part III. p. 61]. 
' This book came forth when I was in 
prison, being long before refused by Mr 

LVIII. The Character of a 
Sound Conlirmed Christian, as 
also 2. Of a Weak Christian ; and 
3. Of a Seeming Christian. Writ- 
ten to imprint upon men's minds 
the true Idea or (conception) of 
Godliness and Christianity. By 
Richard Baxter. The Second Part 
of the Directions for Weak Chris- 

London, Printed by R. White 
for Nevil Simmons at the Three 
Crowns near Holborn Conduit. 
1669. [12°]. 

Collation : Title-page— To the Reader 
pp. 7— Contents pp. 7 — Treatise pp. 183. 

*^* * Reliquiae ' as in LV. 

LIX. The Life of Faith. In 
three parts. The first is a sermon 
on Hebrews xi. i, formerly preached 
before his Majesty, and published 
by his command ; with another 
added for the fuller application. 
The second is Instructions for 
confirming believers in the Chris- 
tian Faith. The third is Direc- 
tions how to live by faith or how 
to exercise it upon all occasions. 
By Richard Baxter. London, 
Printed by R. W. for Nevil Sim- 
mons at the three crowns over 
against Holborn Conduit. 1670. 

Collation : Portrait of Baxter * ^Etat 
55, 1670 ' with long love-locks, mous- 
tache and imperial — curious engraved 
title-page (a reduction of that prefixed to 
the ' Saint's Everlasting Rest'). [See No. 

II. (7).] — Title-page as supra — Epistle 
Dedicatory ' to the worshipfull, my much 
honoured friend, Richard Hampden of 
Hampden Esquire and the Lady Laetitia, 
his wife' pp. 6 — the Preface pp. 4 — the 
Contents pp. 5 — Errata i page, wherein 
' the first and great errour of the printer 
is that he hath not distinguished the three 
distinct parts ' — another Epistle or Ad- 
dress to the Reader asking his * Holy 
Commonwealth ' for reasons assigned, to 
be regarded as non-scripttan [See No. 
XLIV.] pp. 2 — Treatise pp. 607 — a cata- 
logue of books written and published by 
the same author and other books pub- 
lished by Simmons pp. 4. 

'^^ See ' Reliquiae ' [Part III. p. 61]. 

LX. The Cure of Church-divi- 
sions : or Directions for weak 
Christians to keep them from 
being Dividers or Troublers of the 
Church. With some Directions 
to the Pastors how to deal with 
such Christians. By Richard Bax- 
ter. London, Printed by Nevil 
Simmons at the three crowns over 
against Holborn-Conduit. 1670 
[thick 12°]. 

Collation : Title-page — The Author's 
purpose, reasons and prognostics pp. 34 
— Abstract of the directions pp. 12 — 
Treatise pp. 430 — Violence, Love and 
Separation contrasted in three columns 
pp. 5 — Errata i page — books by Baxter, 
etc. p. 6. 

*-t* In * Reliquiae ' [Part III. pp. 70, 71] 
will be found account of a lamentable 
dispute between the booksellers [or Pub- 
lishers] : wherein Baxter shews that 
when he elected to use it he had rare 
sarcastic power and even humour — See 
also p. 72, 

LXI. A Defence of the Princi- 
ciples of Love which are neces- 
sary to the unity and concord of 
Christians ; and are delivered in a 
book called the Cure of Church- 
Divisions. I. Inviting all sound 
and sober Christians (by what 
name soever called) to receive 
each other to communion in the 
same Churches. II. And when 
that (which is first desirable) can- 
not be obtained, to bear with each 
other in their distinct Assemblies 
and to manage them all in Chris- 
tian love. Written to detect and 


Annotated List of the 

eradicate all love-killing, dividing 
and Church-destroying principles, 
passions and practices, and to pre- 
serve the weak in this hour of 
manifold temptations. By Richard 
Baxter, one of the Mourners for 
a self-dividing and self-afflicting 
Land. London, Printed for Ne- 
vill Simmons at the sign of the 
three Crowns near Holborn Con- 
duit. 1671 [cr. 8°]. 

Collation : Title-page — quotations 
from Calvin pp. 4 — Contents pp. 8 — the 
Preface ' to those Readers who are of 
the Exceptor's mind and are offended at 
my book called the Cure of Church- 
Divisions, pp. 22— Then a separate title 
as follows : ' The General Part or Intro- 
duction to the Defence of my Cure of 
Church-Divisions, being a Narrative of 
those late actions which have occasioned 
the offence of men in both extremes ; 
with the true reasons of them, and of 
those writings which some account un- 
reasonable : with the true stating of the 
Case of that Separation which my op- 
posed treatise meddletb with : and an 
answer to several great objections. Print- 
ed in the year 1671 — pp. 25-104 — Part 
II. pp. 1-150 — Postscript pp. 151-183. 

*** See ' Reliquise ' [Part III. p. 73] 
for account of the reception of No. LXI.: 
and of the occasion of this ' Defence.' 
Again Dr Owen acted most disingenu- 
ously — Darling misunderstanding Ca- 
LAMY gives two ' Defences ' for this one. 

LXIL Now or Never. The 
Holy, Serious, Diligent Believer 
justified, encouraged, excited and 
directed. And the Opposers and 
Neglecters convinced by the light 
of Scripture and Reason. By 
Richard Baxter. To be commu- 
nicated by such as want ability or 
opportunity themselves to plead 
the cause of Serious Holiness, for 
men's conviction. 

London, Printed by R. W. for 
F. Tyton, at the three Daggers in 
Fleet-street, and Nevil Simmons 
at the three Crowns near Holborn 
Conduit. 1 67 1 [18°]. 

Collation : Title-page — The Preface 
pp. 37 — The Contents pp. 6 — Treatise 
pp. 240. 

*^(.* A quaint little edition was pub- 

lished at Edinburgh immediately. * Print- 
ed by Andrew Anderson, and are to be 
sold at his house on the north side of the 
street fore-gainst the Cross. Anno Dom. 
1672 [iB-J. 

LXH. The Divine Appoint- 
ment of the Lord's Day proved : 
as a separated day for holy Wor- 
ship ; especially in the Church 
Assemblies. And consequently 
the cessation of the seventh day 
Sabbath. Written for the satis- 
faction of some religious persons 
who were lately drawn into error 
or doubting in both these points. 
By Richard Baxter. London, 
Printed for Nevil Simmons at the 
three Crowns near Holborn Con- 
duit. 1 67 1 [cr. 8°]. 

Collation : Title-page — the Contents 
pp. 6 — Treatise pp. 153. There follows : 
' An Appendix for further Confirmation 
of God's own Separation of the Lord's 
Day, and disproving of the Jewish 
seventh day Sabbalh. Written since 
the Treatise went to the Press, upon the 
invitations of some latter objections. 
London [as beforej — pp. 157-227 — Post- 
script pp. 229-237. 

V ' Reliquiae' [Part III. p. 74.] 

LXIV. The Duty of Heavenly 
Meditation reviewed by Richard 
Baxter at the invitation of Mr Giles 
Firmin's Exceptions, in his book 
entitled The Real Christian. Lon- 
don, Printed for Nevil Simmons 
at the sign of the three crowns 
near Holbom-conduit. 1671 [4°]. 

Collation: Title-page — Treatise pp. 33. 

*^* * Reliquiae' [Part III. p. 74.] 

LX V. How far Holinesse is the 
Design of Christianity. Where 
the Nature of Holiness and Mo- 
rality is opened and the Doctrine 
of Justification, Imputation of Sin 
and Righteousness, etc., partly 
cleared and vindicated from abuse. 
In certain Propositions returned to 
an unknown Person, referring to 
Mr Fowler's Treatise on this sub- 
ject. London, Printed for Nevill 
Simmons at the Three Crowns at 
Holborn Conduit. 167 1 [4°]. 

Writings of Richard Baxter, 


Collation. : Title-page and pp. 24 — At 
bottom of p. 22 date ' Aug. 24 (the fatal 
day) 167 1.' On p. 23 ' What Happiness 
is.' ' What Holiness or virtue is.' On 
p. 24 * Holiness not fanatically proud or 

V^ See ' Reliquiae ' [Part III. p. 85] 
for notice of Fowler — Baxter excels in 
these etchings or sketches of character. 

LXVI. The Difference between 
the Power of Magistrates and 
Church- Pastors and the Roman 
Kingdom and Magistracy under 
the name of a Church and Church- 
Government usurped by the Pope 
or Hberally given him by Popish 
Princes: Opened by Richard Bax- 
ter. To the Learned and sincere 
Ludovicus MoHnoeus Dr of Physick 
and Author of Jugukim Causae, 
Papa Uhrajectinus, and other 
books on this subject. For the 
Vindication of the true Pastoral 
Discipline exercised by the ancient 
Churches and claimed but alas ! 
too little exercised, by the Churches 
Protestant and Reformed. And to 
acquaint Posterity what we hold in 
this, that false accusations misin- 
form them not. London, Printed 
for Nevil Simmons at the sign of 
r the three Crowns near Holborn 
Conduit. 1 67 1. [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — To the Reader 
pp. 2. Treatise pp. 59. 

V See * Reliquiae' [Part III. p. 85] for 
. a characteristic notice of the occasion of 
this treatise. 

LXVII. God's Goodness Vin- 
dicated. For the help of such 
(especially in Melancholy) as are 
Tempted to deny it and think him 
Cruel because of the Present and 
' Future Misery of Mankind : With 
respect to the Doctrine of Repro- 
bation and Damnation. By 
Richard .Baxter. Published and 
Prefaced by a Friend at whose 
desire it was Written and to whom 
it was Committed. 

London, Printed for N. Sim 
mons at the three Crowns near 
Holborn Conduit. 1671. [sm. 

Collation : .Title-page. The Publisher 
to the Reader pp. 4. Treatise pp. 99. 

*^* There is no text : but on the title- 
page I John iv. 16. This is extremely 
rare. The ' friend ' was the famous John 
Corbet. See 'Reliquiae' [Part III. p. 

LXVIII. A Second Admoni- 
tion to Mr Edward Bagshaw : 
Written to call him to Repentance 
for many false doctrines, crimes, 
and specially fourscore palpable 
untruths in matter of fact, deli- 
berately published by him in two 
small libels ; in which he exem- 
plifieth the love-killing and de- 
praving principles of Church -divi- 
ders : and telleth the world to 
what men are hasting, when they 
sinfully avoid Communion with 
true Churches and Christians for 
tolerable faults. With a Confuta- 
tion of his Reasons for Separation : 
Written to preserve the weak, to 
resist the dividing temptations of 
the imperious, unskilful clergy, to 
revive our dying hopes of Concord 
and to vindicate the Nonconform- 
able ministers from the unjust im- 
putation of schismatical principles. 
By Richard Baxter, a long maligned 
and resisted endeavourer of the 
Churches unity and peace. Lon- 
don, Printed jfor Nevill Simmons 
at the Three Crowns near Hol- 
born Conduit. 1671. [8°]. 

CollatioJi : Title-page. Contents pp. 
7. Treatise pp. 188. Postscript pp. 
188-190. fly-leaf i page about misquota- 
tion on Cromwell. 

VSee 'Reliquiae' [Part III. p. 85 
on Bagshaw. 

LXIX. More Reasons for the 
Christian Religion and No Reason 
against it. Or a Second Appendix 
to the Reasons of the Christian 
Religion, Being 

I. An Answer to a Letter 
from an unknown Person, 
charging the Holy Scrip- 
tures with Contradictions. 

II. Some Animadversions on. 
a Tractate De Veritatc, 



Annotated List of the 

written by the noble and 
learned Lord Edward Her- 
bert, Baron of Chizbury 
[sic] etc. and printed at 
Paris 1624 and at London 
1633. Resolving Twelve 
Questions about Christian- 
ity. By Richard Baxter. 
London, Printed for Nevil 
Simmons at the Princes 
Arms in St Pauls Church- 
yard, 1672. [18°]. 

Collation : Title-page. Epistle Dedica- 
tory * To the Right Worshipful Sir Henry- 
Herbert, Kt. etc' 4 pp. — and pp. 172. 
* Errata ' on fly-leaf. 

***The 'Epistle Dedicatory' being 
addressed to the brother of Lord Herbert 
Baxter writes very lovingly of the family, 
especially of the ' excellently holy as well 
as learned and ingenious a person Mr 
George Herbert orator to the University 
of Cambridge and a faithful Pastor in the 
English Church.' He praises much in 
the De Veritate : and he thus closes ' I 
may well suppose that your approbation 
of the cause I plead for will make it 
needless to me to apologize for my bold- 
ness in meddling much with such an 
Author, while I do it with all tenderness 
of his deserved honour.' The 'Letter' 
from the ' unknown person ' is given pp. 
1-7. It is signed ' Your loving Friend in 
the Bond of Peace.' The alleged diffi- 
culties adduced relate to the apparently 
discrepant accounts of the Resurrection 
of our Lord. Baxter replies with much 
sagacity and insight and more terseness 
than was common with him — adducing 
Hammond and other authorities with 
fine catholicity of appreciation. See 
'Reliquiae' [Part IIL p. 90]. 

LXX. A Treatise of Death the 
Last Enemy to be destroyed. 
Shewing wherein its enmity con- 
sisteth and how it is destroyed. 
Part of it was preached at the 
P'uneral of Elizabeth the late wife 
of Mr Joseph Baker, Pastor of the 
Church at Saint Andrews in Wor- 
cester. By Rich. Baxter. With 
some few passages of the life of the 
said Mrs Baker observed. London, 
Printed for Nevil Simmons at the 
Princes Arms in St Pauls Church- 
yard 1672. [12°]. 

Collation : Title-page. Epistle Dedi- 

catory to Mayor etc. of Worcester, pp. 32. 
Contents pp. 3. Treatise [on i Corin- 
thians XV. 26] pp. 143. ' Some suitable 
passages of the life of Mrs Baker' pp. 
*^*See 'Reliquiae' [Lib. L p. 120]. 

LXXL Sacrilegious Desertion 
of the holy ministery rebuked and 
tolerated preaching of the Gospel 
vindicated, against the reasonings 
of a confident Questionest in a 
book called [Toleration not to be 
abused] with Counsel to the Non- 
conformists and Petition to the 
Pious Conformists. By one that 
is consecrated to the Sacred Minis- 
tery and is resolved not to be a 
wilful deserter of it, in trust that 
any undertakers can justifie him 
for such desertion at the judgment 
of God ; till he knew better how 
those can come off themselves who 
are unfaithful Pastors or unjust 
Silencers of others. Printed in 
the year, 1672 [12°]. 

Collation: Title-page — Treatise pp. 
139 — On the reverse of page%39 a few 

*:^* See ' Reliquiae [Part IH. p. 102]— 
Extremely rare : and historically im- 
portant as shewing the ground-princi- 
ple whereon the 'Ejected' rested in 
refusing to cease the exercise of their func- 
j.ion as ' Preachers.' 

LXXII. The Certainty of Chris- 
tianity without Popery : or 
whether the Catholick Protestant 
or the Papist have the surer faith. 
Being an Answer to one of the oft 
canted questions and challenges of 
the Papists, sent to one who de- 
sired this. Published to direct 
the unskilful how to defend their 
faith againt Papists and Infidels, 
but especially against the Tempta- 
tions of the Devil, that by saving 
their Faith they may save their 
Holiness, their Comfort and their 
souls. By Richard Baxter. Lon- 
don, Printed by Nevil Simons 
at the Sign of the Prince's Arms 
in St Paul's Church -yard, 1672 


Writings of Richard Baxter. 


Collation : Title-page — Address to the 
Protestant Reader pp. 3 — Paper ' from 
an unknown person in a letter,' pp. 6 — 
Contents pp. 3 — Treatise pp. 112. 

%* See ' Reliquiae' [Part III. pp. 99]. 

LXXIIL The Church Told of 
Mr Ed. Bagshaw's Scandals and 
Warned of the dangerous snares 
of Satan now laid for them in his 
Love-Killing Principles : With a 
farther proof that it is our com- 
mon duty to keep up the interest 
of the Christian Religion, and 
Protestant Cause in the Parish 
Churches, and not to imprison 
them by a confinement to tolerated 
meetings alone. By Richard Bax- 
ter, a Mihtant Servant of Christ 
for Faith, Hope, and Love, Unity, 
Concord, and Peace, against their 
contraries on both extremes. 

London, Printed in the year 
1672 [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page and Errata on 
reverse — pp 32. 

■*•** The following from the * Reliquiae' 
[Part III. p. 89] is interesting — 'Mr 
Bagshaw*-in his rash and ignorant zeal, 
thinking it a sin to hear; a Conformist, 
and that the way to deal with the per- 
secutors was to draw all the people as 
far away from them as we could, and not 
to hold any communion with any that did 
conform— having printed his third revil- 
ing libel against me, called for my third 
Reply which I entitled "The Church 
Told," etc. But being printed without 
licence, L' Estrange the Searcher, sup- 
pressed part of it in the press — there being 
lately greater penalties laid on them that 
print without a licence than ever before 
— And about the day that it came out 
Mr Bagshaw died — a prisoner though 
not in prison : which made it grievious 
to me to think that I would seem to 
write against the dead. While we 
VJrangle here in the dark, we are dying- 
and passing to the world that will 
decide all our controversies : and the 
safest passage thither is by peaceable 

LXXIV. A Christian Directory: 
or a Summ of Practical Theolo- 
gie and Cases of Conscience. Di- 
recting Christians how to use their 
Knowledge and Faith ; how to 
improve all Helps and Means and 
to perform all Duties; how to 

overcome Temptations and to 
escape or mortifie every Sin. In 
Four Parts, I. Christian Ethicks 
(or private Duties) II. Christian 
Oeconomicks (or Family Duties) 
III. Christian Ecclesiesticks (or 
Church Duties) IV. Christian 
Politicks (or Duties to our Rulers 
and Neighbours). By Richard 
Baxter. London, Printed by Ro- 
bert White for Nevill Simmons 
at the sign of the Princes Arms 
in St Paul's Church-yard, 1673, 

Collation : Prefixed is the curious em- 
blematical title-page as ante. — Title- 
page — Advertisements [i.e. Preface] 
pp. 7 — Contents pp.21 — an alphabetical 
Table and and Errata pp. 15 — There are 
separate titles as follows : — 

1. A Christian Directory. The 
First Part : Christian Ethicks or 
Directions for the ordering of the 
private actions of our hearts and 
lives in the work of holy self-go- 
vernment unto and under God. 
By Richard Baxter. London, 
Printed by Robert White for Ne- 
vill Simmons at the Three Crowns 
near Holborn Conduit 1672 — 
Title and pp. 469. 

2. A Christian Directory or a 
Sum of Practical Divinity. The 
Second Part : viz. Christian Oeco- 
nomicks ; or the Family Directory, 
containing Directions for the true 
practice of all duties belonging to 
Family relations, with the Appur- 
tenances. By Richard Baxter. 
London [as in the general title- 
page] — Title and pp. 475-667. 

3. A Christian Directory. The 
Third Part. Christian Ecclesias- 
ticks ; or Directions to Pastors and 
People about sacred doctrine, wor- 
ship and discipline and their 
mutual duties. With the solution 
of a multitude of Church-contro- 
versies and cases of conscience. 
By Richard Baxter. London [as 
the last] Title — Note I page and 
pp. 673-929, 


Annotated List of the 

4. A Christian Directoiy or a 
Summ of Practical Divinity by 
way of Direction. The Fourth 
Part. Christian Pohticks: con- 
taining all the duties of the six 
last commandments in our poli- 
tical relations and towards our 
neighbours. With the principal 
Cases of Conscience about them. 
By Richard Baxter. London [as 
the last] Title — Epistle pp. 2 and 
pp. 214 — Advertisements [to 
Readers] pp. 8, giving account 
of the Books, signed ' a most un- 
worthy servant of so good a Mas- 
ter' — Contents of all pp. 19 — 
Errata i page. 

*** Joseph Thompson Esq. Ardwick, 
Manchester has in his fine Collection a 
copy of above work which from the 
crowns (in gold} and initials appears to 
have been in the possession of Charles 
II. It is a fine copy in full red morocco 
and has White's portrait from the ' Re- 
liquisei' prefixed. A 'second' edition was 
published in 1678. — A comparison of the 
pagination, etc. shews it to have been 
a re-print and not a mere re-issue. — ' The 
most complete ['Directory'] that is ex- 
tant in the English language or perhaps 
in any other.' Calainy, 'Account,' Vol. 
I. p. 416. See 'Reliquiae,' [Part III. 
p. 61]. 

LXXV. Short Instructions for 
the Sick, Especially for the [who 
by] Contagion or otherwise are 
deprived of the Presence of a 
faithful Pastor. By Richard Bax- 
ter. 1673. A folio broad-sheet. 
At the bottom ' This was written 
in the time of the great plague 
1665 for the sick in the city of 
London : but because it is the work 
of all our lives to prepare for a 
safe and comfortable death it is 
reprinted for the use of all. 1673.' 

%* British Museum copy has by a 
contemporary ' for the ' erazed and * who 
by' inserted, 2l% supra. Query 'those?' 
See 'Reliquiae' [Lib. 1. p. 121]. 

LXXVI. Full and Easy Satis- 
faction which is the True and Safe 
Religion. In a Conference be- 
tween D. a Doubter, P. a Papist 

and R. a Reformed Catholick 
Christian. In Four Parts. 

i. The true stating of our Dif- 
ference and opening what each 
Religion is : 

ii. The true, easie and full Jus- 
tification of the Reformed or Pro- 
testant Religion. 

iii. The Protestant's Reasons 
and Charges against Popery enume- 

iv. The first Charge, viz., 
Against Transubstantiation made 
good ; In which Popery is proved 
to be the Shame of Humane Na- 
ture, notoriously contrary to Sense, 
Reason, Scripture and Tradition, 
or the Judgment of the Antient and 
the Present Church ; devised by 
Satan to expose Christianity to 
the Scorn of Infidels. By Richard 

London, Printed for Nev. Sim- 
mons at the Princes Arms in St. 
Pauls Church-yard. 1674. [cr. 8°]. 

Collation: Title-page. Epistle Dedi- 
catory to the Duke of Lauderdail \sic\ 
pp. 13. To the Reader pp. 3. The 
Contents and Errata pp. 4. pp. 189. 

*** On back of p. 189 is a notice that 
'the First Part of the Key for Catholicks 
being re-printed ' is intended ' to be 
bound ' with the above, as ' the chief 
part of the book.' See ' Reliquiae ' [Part 
III. p. 107] for a fuller account. 

LXXVII. The Poor Man's 
Family Book. 

i. Teaching him how to become 
a true Christian. 

ii. How to live as a Christian, 
towards God, himself and others, 
in all his relations ; especially in 
his Family. 

iii. How to die as a Christian 
in Hope and Comfort, and so to 
be Glorified with Christ for ever. 
In plain, familiar Conferences be- 
tween a Teacher and a Learner. 
Written by Rich. Baxter. With 
a request to Landlords and Rich 
men to give to their Tenants and 
poor Neighbours, either this or 
some fitter Book. 

Writings of Richard Baxter. 


London, Printed by R. W. for 
Nevill Simmons at the Sign of the 
Prince's Arms in St Paul's Church- 
yard. 1674. [12°]. 

Collation : Title-page. A Request to 
the Rich pp. 2, To the Reader pp. 3. 
The Contents pp 6. Treatise pp. 423. 
Forms of Prayer etc. pp. 117 [but a mis- 
pagination after page 100, 97 being re- 
peated thereafter and the further pagina- 
tion reckoned therefrom.] 

*^* I have the ' 5th edn. ' which bears 
to be ' corrected by the Author, with the 
additions of some hymns,' 1684. ' Re- 
liquiae' [Part III. p. 147]. 

LXXVIII. An Appeal to the 
Light or Richard Baxter's Ac- 
count of four accused passages of 
a Sermon on Eph. i. 3 pubHshed 
in hope either to procure the con- 
vincing instructions of the wise or 
to humble and stop the erroneous 
resisters of the truth. Read Joh. 
3. 20, 21 and Jam. 3. London, 
Printed for Nevil Simmons at the 
Princes-Arms in St Paul's Church- 
yard, 1674 [sm. 4°). 

Collat^n : Title-page — 'Appeal' 
pp. 6. 

*4^* On page 6 is this * Postscript ' 
which reminds us of Bunyan's like com- 
plaints, ' I must here tell the world that 
there are divers sheets published and 
cryed about as mine : with my name 
prefixed : as one called Mr Baxter's 
Directions for Family Duties ; another 
of Sentences about Conversion, and 
more such, which are none of mine, but 
are falsely so pretended, to my wrong : 
some said to be printed by John Coniers 
in Southwark, and some by others.' See 
'Reliquiae^ [Part III. p. 154]. 

LXXIX. Richard Baxter's 
Catholick Theologie : plain, pure, 
peaceable : for Pacification of the 
dogmatical Word-Warriours who 
I . By contending about things un- 
revealed or not understood 2. and 
by taking verbal differences for 
real, and their arbitrary notions 
for necessary sacred truths, de- 
ceived and deceiving by ambi- 
guous unexplained words, have 
long been the shame of the Chris- 
tian Religion, a scandal and 
hardning to unbelievers, the in- 

cendiaries, dividers and distracters 
of the Church, the occasion of 
State discords and wars, the cor- 
rupters of the Christian Faith and 
the subverters of their own souls 
and their followers, calling them 
to a blind zeal and wrathful war- 
fare against true piety, love and 
peace, and teaching them to cen- 
sure, backbite, slander, and prate 
against each other, for things 
which they never understood. In 
three books. I. Pacifying prin- 
ciples about God's decrees, fore- 
knowledge. Providence, operations, 
redemption, grace, man's power, 
free-will, justification, merits, cer- 
tainty of salvation, perseverance, 
etc. II. A pacifying praxis or 
dialogue about the five articles, 
justification, etc. proving that men 
here contend almost only about 
ambiguous words and unrevealed 
things. III. Pacifying disputa- 
tions against some real errors which 
hinder reconciliation viz. about 
physical predetermination, original 
sin, the extent of redemption, suffi- 
cient grace, imputation of right- 
eousness, etc. Written chiefly for 
Posterity, when sad experience 
hath taught men to hate theologi- 
cal logical wars, and to love, and 
sue, and call for peace. (Ex Bello 
Pax). London, Printed by Robert 
White for Nevill Simmons at the 
Princes Arms in St Pauls Church- 
yard. 1675 [folio]. 

Collation : Title-page — Quotations 
pp. 5 — the Preface pp. 26 — * Table ' of 
* Divisions and Corltentions of Christians 
I page. Then a separate title-page as 
follows : — ' Catholick Theologie: The 
first Book. Pacifying Principles col- 
lected from the common notices of 
Nature, the certain Oracles of God in 
the Holy Scriptures and the common 
consent of Christians. For the reconcil- 
ing of the Church-dividing and destroy- 
ing Controversies, especially about Pre- 
destination, Providence, Grace and Free- 
will, Redemption, Justification, Faith, 
Merit, Works, Certainty of Salvation, 
Perseverance, and many others. In 
three Parts. I. Of God's nature, know- 


Annotated List of the 

ledge, decrees (and Providence about 
sin, with man's free-will as the objects of 
the former). II. Of God's government 
and moral works. III. Of God's opera- 
tions on man's soul. By Richard Baxter, 
an earnest desirer of the unity, love and 
peace of Christians : for endeavouring 
of which he expecteth with resolved 
patience, still to undergo the censures, 
slanders and cruelties of ignorance, 
pride and malice, from all that are pos- 
sessed by the wisdom and zeal which 
are from beneath, earthly, sensual and 
devilish, ^ the causes of confusion and 
every evil work. James iii. 14, 15, 16. 

London [as in ^^//^r^/ title-page]. 
Then a third title-page — 

{a) The First Part : Of the 
Nature, Relations, Knowledge and 
Decrees of God and of Free-Will 
and Providence as the Objects 
thereof. Such selected Verities 
as are needful to reconcile the 
common Differences about Pre- 
destination, Providence, Grace and 
Free Will ; between the Synodists 
and Arminians, Calvinists and 
Lutherans, Dominicans and Jesuits, 
etc. By Richard Baxter. 
London [as before]. 
General title-page to 1st Book 
supra (i) — Separate title-page to 
1st Part — The Contents pp. 2 — 
Errata i page — pp. 136. Then — 
{b) The Second Part : Of God's 
Government and Moral Works. 
Wherein of his laws or Covenants, 
of Redemption, of sufficient and 
effectual Grace, of Faith, Justifi- 
cation, Works, Merits, Persever- 
ance, certainty of Salvation, etc. 
so far as the Church-troubling- 
Controversies do require. 
London [as before]. 
Separate title — The Contents 
pp. 2 — A Premonition pp. 26 — 
Appendix to this Premonition 
pp. 4 [unpaged] — pp. 27-124. 
Then — 

{c) The Third Part : Of God's 
Gracious Operations on Man's 
Soul ; their Difference and the 
Operations of Man's Will. For 
the fuller Decision of the Contro- 
versies about Effectual and Dif- 

ferencing Grace. By Richard 

London [as before]. 

Separate title — The Contents 
pp. 2 — pp. 118. Then — 

Catholick Theology: The Second 
Book. The Synodists and Ar- 
minians, Calvinists and Lutherans, 
Dominicans and Jesuits Recon- 
ciled. Or An End of the Contro- 
versies about God's Decrees and 
Grace and Man's Free Will, 
Merit, &c. if men are willing. A 
Retreat to the Militant Divines 
who have too long warred about 
words and unrevealed things ; and 
kept the Church of God in Flames 
and drawn Christ's Members to 
hate, reproach and persecute each 
other for they knew not what. In 
a Dialogue between C. (a Calvin- 
ist) A. (an Arminian) and B. (the 
Reconciler) : and others. By 
Richard Baxter. 

London [as before]. 

Separate title — The Contents 5 
—pp. 299. 

V See 'Reliquiae' [Part III. p. 181] 
for notice of this ' matter-full ' book. 

LXXX. More Proofs of In- 
fants Church -Membership and 
consequently their right to Bap- 
tism : or a Second Defence of our 
infant rights and mercies. In 
three parts. The first is. The 
plain proof of God's statute or 
covenant for infants Church-mem- 
bership from the Creation, and the 
continuance of it till the institution 
of Baptism ; with the Defence of 
that proof against the frivolous ex- 
ceptions of Mr Tombes. And a 
Confutation of Mr Tombes, his 
arguments against Infants Church- 
membership. The second is, A 
Confutation of the strange forgeries 
of Mr H. Danvers against the 
antiquity of infant baptism and of 
his many calumnies against myself 
and writings. With a catalogue 
of fifty-six new commandments and 

Writings of Richard Baxter. 


doctrines which he and the sec- 
1 taries who joyn with him in those 
calumnies seem to own. The third 
part is Animadversions on Mr 
Danver's Reply to Mr Wilks. 
Extorted by their urgent impor- 
tunity from an earnest desirer of 
the love and peace of all true 
Christians. By Richard Baxter. 
London, Printed for N. Simmons 
at the Princes Arms and J. Robin- 
son at the Golden Lyon in St 
Pauls Church-yard. 167$. [8°]. 

Collation : Title-page — the Preface 
pp. 4 — Contents pp. 8 — Treatise pp. 414. 
At close of page 414 is a curious notice 
of the * hawkers ' crying B.'s books 
* under his window ' as aJtle — book advt. 

V See ' Reliquise' [Part III. p. 187] 
where Baxter describes above as consist- 
ing of a * few sheets ' whereas it is a con- 
siderable volume. 

LXXXI. In the different edi- 
tions of the 'Morning Exercise 
against Popery' [1675] the 5th 
Sermon is by Baxter ' Against any 
meer Humane Head of the Church 
of Christ, either Personal or Col- 
lective. ' 

LXXXII. Two Disputations of 
Original Sin. I. Of original sin. 
11. Of original sin, as from our 
neerer parents. Written long ago 
for a more private use ; and now 
pubHshed — with a Preface — upon 
the invitation of Dr T. Tullie. By 
Richard Baxter. London, Printed 
for Robert Gibbs at the Golden 
Ball in Chancery- Lane, 1675 [12°]. 

Collation: Title-page — 'To the im- 
partial friends of sacred truth pp. 64 — 
Treatise pp. 65-245. 

LXXXIII. Select Arguments 
and Reasons against Popery. By 
R. Baxter. London, Printed in 
the year 1675. [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page— pp. 6. 

*^* The only copy of this tract that I 
have found is in ' Sion College ' Library. 

LXXXI V. A Treatise of Jus- 
tifying Righteousness. In Two 
Books : I. A Treatise of Imputed 

Righteousness, opening and de- 
fending the True Sense, and con- 
futing the False, with many of Dr 
Tullie's Reasonings against Truth, 
Peace and Me : With an Answer 
to Dr TuUie's Letter adjoyned. 
II. A Friendly Debate with the 
Learned and Worthy Mr Chris- 
topher Cartwright, containing I. 
His Animadversions on my Apho- 
risms with my Answer. 2. His 
Exceptions against that Answer. 
3. My Reply to the Summe of 
the Controversies agitated in those 
Exceptions. All PubHshed in- 
stead of a fuller Answer to the 
Assaults in Dr Tullie's Justificatio 
Paulina^ for the quieting of Cen- 
sorious and Dividing Contenders, 
who raise odious Reports of their 
Brethren as Popish etc. who do 
but attempt Reconcilingly to open 
this Doctrine more clearly than 
themselves. By Richard Baxter. 
London, Printed for Nevil Si- 
mons and Jonath. Robinson at the 
Prince's-Arms and Golden-Lion 
in St Paul's Church-yard. 1676. 
[cr. 8°]. 

Collation : Title-page— To the Readers 
pp. 14. 

There are separate titles as 
follows : — 

(i. ) Of the Imputation of Christ's 
Righteousness to Believers: in what 
sence sound Protestants hold it ; 
and of the false devised sence by 
whichLibertines subvert theGospel. 
With an Answer to some common 
Obj ections, especially of Dr Thomas 
Tully whose Justif. Paulina occa- 
sioneth the publication of this. 
By Richard Baxter a compassionate 
Lamenter of the Churches wounds 
caused by hasty judging and un- 
digested conceptions and by the 
theological wars which are hereby 
raised and managed ; by perswad- 
ing the world that meer verbal or 
notional differences are material 
and such as our faith, love, con- 


Annotated List of the 

cord and communion must be 
measured by, for want of an exact 
discussion of the ambiguity of 
words. London [as before] — the 
Preface pp. 15. Contents pp. 2. 
Treatise pp. 198. 

(2.) An Answer to Dr Tullies 
angry Letter. By Richard Baxter. 
London [as before] pp. 94 — errata 
pp. 2. Without a separate title 
but headed. 

(3.) 'May 26, 1652.' 'An ac- 
count of my Consideration of the 
friendly, modest, learned Animad- 
versions of Mr Chr. Cartwright of 
York, on my Aphorisms' pp. 
294. Postscript pp. 8. 

(4. ) The Substance of Mr Cart- 
wright's Exceptions considered. 
By Rich. Baxter. London [as 
before] — pp. 3-69. Postscript on 
Mr Danvers pp. 7o~79- 

LXXXV. Rich. Baxter's Re- 
view of the State of Christians 
Infants. Whether they should be 
entered in the Covenant with God 
by Baptism and be visible mem- 
bers of His Church and have any 
Covenant-right to pardon and sal- 
vation? or Whether Christ, the 
Saviour of the World, hath shut 
all mankind out of His visible 
Kingdom and covenant-rights and 
hopes till they come to age ? And 
whether he did so from the be- 
ginning of the world or after his 
incarnation? Occasioned by the 
importunity of Mr E. Hutchinson 
(and of Mr Danvers and Mr 
Tombes) who called him to this 
Review in order to his Retracta- 
tion. An unpartial reading is 
humbly requested of those dis- 
senters who would not be found 
despisers of holy truth nor such as 
judge before they hear. London, 
Printed for Nevil Simons at the 
Princes Arms in Pauls Church- 
yard. 1676. [cr. 8°.] 

Collation : Title-page— To the Reader 
pp. 6. Treatise pp. 64. 

VSce ' Reliquia ' [Part III. p. 187.] 

LXXXVI. The Judgment of 
Nonconformists of the Interest of 
Reason in matters of Religion, in 
which it is proved against Make- 
bates that both Conformists and 
Nonconformists and all parties if 
true Protestants are herein really 
agreed though unskilful speakers 
diifer in words. London, Printed 
in the year 1676. [4°.] 

Collation : Title-page and pp. 21. 

**** On page 21 is the following 'We 
whose names are subscribed, not undertak- 
ing for any individual person who is other- 
minded, do ourselves believe the real 
concord of Protestants as it is here ex- 
pressed. Thomas Manton, William 
Bates, Rich. Baxter, Thos. Case, Mat. 
Sylvester, Edward Lawrence, etc., etc' 
In the Williams Library copy there are 
added in MS. ' Gabriel Sangor, Heny. 
Hurst, Roger Morice.' 

LXXXVIL The Judgment of 
Nonconformists of Things Indiffe- 
rent commanded by Authority, as 
far as the Subscribers are acquaint- 
ed with it. Written to save the 
ignorant from the temptations of 
DiaboHsm (described 2 Tim. 3. 3 
and I John 3. 10, 12, 15. John 
8. 44). Printed in the year 1676. 

[4°.] ^ . 

Collation : Title-page— Treatise pp. 
21-41. ("continued pagination from No. 

LXXXVIIL The Judgment of 
Nonconformists of Things sinful 
by Accident and of Scandal, pub- 
lished to save Men's Souls from 
the Guilt of believing those Men 
who tell them that the Noncon- 
formists asserted that Whatever 
may be the occasion of sin to any 
must be taken away or that Nothing 
may be imposed which Men may 
take Scandal at or by Accident 
turn to sin. And to help those to 
Repentance who have polluted 
their Souls with Falshood and 
Uncharitableness by relieving them 
and seconding their Reports. 
Printed in the Year 1676. [4°.] 

Collation: Title-page— Treatise pp. 
43-79 (continued pagination from No. 

Writings of Richard Baxter. 


LXXXIX. What Meer Non- 
conformity is not: the Profession 
of Several whom these Times have 
made and called Nonconformists. 
Printed in the Year 1676. [4°.] 

Collation : Title-page — Treatise pp. 
81-123. (continued pagination from 

XC. Roman Tradition Examin- 
ed as it is urged as Infallible 
against all men's senses, reason, 
the Holy Scripture, the tradition 
and present judgment of the far 
greatest part of the Universal 
Church in the point of Transub- 
stantiation, in answer to a book 
called a Rational Discourse of 
Transubstantiation. Printed in the 
year 1676 [4°]. 

Collation: Title-page — Treatise pp. 
73 — a ' Postcript' being on pp. 72, 73. 

XCI. A Supplement to the 
Morning-Exercise at Cripplegate : 
or several more Cases of Conscience 
practically resolved by sundry mi- 
nisters. London, Printed for 
Thomas Cockerill at the sign of 
the Atlas in Cornhil near the 
Royal Exchange. 1676 [4°]. 

Sermon XXII. 'What light 
must shine in our souls ' [Matthew 
V. 16] pp. 545-578. 

*♦* In the British Museum copy some 
one has written (in pencil) ' Baxter : 
judicious, nervous, spiritual and remark- 
ably evangelical tho' often charged to 
the contrary : a manly eloquence.' 

XCII. Reasons for Ministers 
using the greatest plainness and 
seriousness possible in all their ap- 
plications to their people. 1676. 

*^* I have not met with this. I sus- 
pect it was a ' Preface ' or ' Epistle ' to 
some book of another's. It is given by 
Orme in ' Practical Works,' Vol. XV. 

XCIII. Naked Popery ; or 
the Naked Falsehood of a book 
called the Catholick Naked Truth 
or the Puritan Convert to Apos- 
tolical Christianity : written by W. 

H. Opening their fundamental 
errour of Unwritten Tradition and 
their unjust descriptions of the 
Puritan, the Prelatical Protestant 
and the Papist, and their differ- 
ences ; and better acquainting the 
ignorant of the true difference, 
especially what a Puritan and 
what a Papist is. By Richard 
Baxter, a Professor of meer Apos- 
tolical Christianity. London, Print- 
ed for N. Simmons at the Princes 
Arms in S. Paul's Church-yard. 
1677 [4°]. 

Collation: Title-page — Treatise pp. 
3-196 — Contents pp. 7 — Errata on reverse 
of last page. 

*** My copy has on the title-page the 
autograph of ' B. Robinson ' author of a 
treatise on * Liturgies.' 

XCIV. The Judgment of Non- 
conformists about the Difference 
between Grace and Morality. Print- 
ed in the year 1678 [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — Errata on re- 
verse — Treatise pp. 18. 

*^* This and the others onward, are 
stated in the * Reliquise ' [Part III. p. 
185] to have been 'suppressed' which 
explains their great rarity. 

XCV. The Death of Ministers 
improved or an Exhortation to the 
inhabitants of Horsley in Gloces- 
ter-shire, and others, on the much 
lamented death of that reverend 
and faithful minister of the gospel 
Mr Henry Stubbs. By Tho. Vin- 
cent, John Turner, Rob. Perrot, 
M. Pemberton. To which is added 
a Sermon upon that occasion by 
Richard Baxter. Printed in the 
year 1678 [18°]. 

Collation: Title-page — the 'Address' 
as supra pp. 48 — Then a separate title — 
' A Sermon preached at the Funeral of 
that holy, peaceful and fruitful minister 
of Christ Mr Henry Stubbs; about fifty 
years a successful Preacher at Bristol, 
Wells, Chew, Dursley, London, and di- 
vers other places. By his unworthy fel- 
low-servant hasting after him, Richard 
Baxter. Printed in the year 1678.' 

Title-page and Sermon pp. 54 — [Text 
Acts XX. 24]. 


Annotated List of the 

XCVI. Which is the True 
Church? The whole Christian 
World as headed only by Christ 
(of which the Reformed are the 
soundest part) or the Pope of Rome 
and his subjects as such ? In three 
parts. I. The Papists Confusion 
in explaining the terms of the 
Questions : not able to bear the 
light. II." A Defence of a Dispu- 
tation concerning the continued 
visibility of the Church of which 
the Protestants are Members. III. 
A Defence of the several Addi- 
tional proofs of the said visibility. 
By Richard Baxter. Written espe- 
cially to instruct the younger un- 
experienced scholars how to deal 
with these deceivers in these dan- 
gerous times. London, Printed, 
and are to be sold by Richard 
Janeway in Butcher-hall lane. 1679 

Collation : Title-page — Preface pp. 4 
— Treatise pp. t68 — [At page 100 the 
pagination passes to 121 by misprint]. 

XCVII. The Nonconformist's 
Plea for Peace : or an Account of 
their Judgment in certain things in 
which they are mi^nderstood : 
written to reconcile and pacify 
such as by mistaking them hinder 
love and concord. By Richard 
Baxter. London, Printed for Benj. 
Alsop at the Angel and Bible over 
aeainst the Stocks-Market. 1679 


Collation : Title-page — ' To the reve- 
rend Conforming Clergy ' pp, lo — Con- 
tents, etc. pp. 2 — Treatise pp. 340 — 
Errata i page — books pubd. by Alsop i 

V See * Reliquiae' [Part III. 180- 

XCVIII. A True Believer's 
Choice and Pleasure. Instanced in 
the Exemplary Life of Mrs Mary 
Coxe, the late wife of Doctor 
Thomas Coxe. Preached for her 
Funeral by Richard Baxter, Lon- 

don, Printed by R. E. in the year 
1680. [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — Dedication to 
Dr Thomas Coxe pp. 3 — On reverse, 
Errata — Sermon pp. 65 — [Text Psalm 
cxix. III.] 

XCIX. The True and only way 
of Concord of all the Christian 
Churches ; the desirableness of it 
and the detection of false dividing 
terms. Opened by Richard Bax- 
ter. London, Printed for John 
Hancock at the Three Bibles in 
Pope's-head-alley over against the 
Royal Exchange in Cornhill. 1680 
[cr. 8°]. 

Collation : Title-page — Texts etc. on 
reverse — the Preface * To the honourable 
and reverend Dr George Morley, late 
Lord Bishop of Worcester and now of 
Winchester ; and Dr Peter Gunning, 
Lord Bishop of Ely,' pp. 11 — a Premo- 
nition pp. 7 — Contents pp. 7 — Errata i 
page— Pt. L pp. 133— Pt. IL pp. 135-327 
— Pt. in. T44 [Text prefixed to Pt. I. 
Ephesians iv. 3.] 

C. The Defence of the Noncon- 
formists Plea for Peace or an Ac- 
count of the Matter of their Non- 
conformity against Mr J. Cheney's 
answer called The Conforming 
Nonconformist and The Noncon- 
forming Conformist to which is 
added the second Part in answer 
to Mr Cheney's Five Undertak- 
ings. By Richard Baxter. Lon- 
don, Printed for Benjamin Alsop 
at the Angel over against the 
Stocks-Market. 1680 [8°]. 

Collation: Title-page — the Preface 
pp. 6 — Contents pp. 6 — Treatise pp. 176. 

CI. Fasciculus Literarum or 
Letters on Several Occasions. 

I. Betwixt Mr Baxter, and 
the Author of llic Pemva- 
sive to Con/or niity. Where- 
in many things are dis- 
cussed which are repeated 
in Mr Baxter's late Plea for 
the Nonconformists. 

II , A Letter to an Oxford 

W7'itings of Richard Baxter, 


Friend concerning the In- 
dulgence i67|-. 

III. A Letter from a Minister 
in the Country to a Minis- 
ter in London. 

IV. An Epistle written in Latin 
to the Triers before the 
King's most happy Restau- 
ration. By John Hinckley 
D.D. Rector of Northfeild 
in Worcestershire. Lon- 
don, Printed for Thomas 
Basset at the George near 
St Dunstans Church in 
Fleet-street, mdclxxx. 

Collation : Title-page — Preface pp. 14 
[unpaged] and pp. 344. The Baxter por- 
tion pp. 200. 

*** See 'Reliquiae' [Part III. p. 90] 
for a short notice of Hinckley and his 

CII. The Second Part of the 
Nonconformists Plea for Peace. 
Being an account of their Prin- 
ciples about Civil and Ecclesiasti- 
cal Authority and Obedience (as 
far as the Author knoweth it) and 
about Things Indifferent, and evil 
by Accident or Scandal : and what 
their Nonconformity is not : and 
whether the Ministers encourage 
vSects and Schism : With their 
judgements and earnest desires of 
the Churches Peace and Concord, 
and the true and necessary means. 
Mostly written many years past, 
and now published to save our 
Lives and the Kingdom's Peace, 
from the false and bloody Plotters, 
who would first persuade the King 
and people that the Protestants, 
and particularly the Nonconform- 
ists are Presbyterians and Fana- 
ticks ; and next that it was such 
Presbyterians that killed his Father; 
and next that our Principles are 
rebellious ; and next that we are 
plotting a rebellion and his death ; 
and lastly that this is the genius of 
the Parliament ; and therefore that 
they and we must be used as ene- 

mies to the King. By Richard 

London, Printed for John Han- 
cock at the three Bibles near the 
Royal Exchange in Cornhill. 1 680. 

Collation : Title-page — The Preface 
pp. 22 [Signed R. e., no doubt a misprint 
for R. B.] — The Contents, etc. 'of this 
Extorted and Distorted Treatise ' pp. 4 
— Treatise pp. 204. 

are often found along with this agreeably 
to ' Reliquiae ' [Part III. p. 188]. Orme 
enumerates them separately and as they 
were separately issued (though ' sup- 
pressed ' afterwards) it seems right in this 
case to give each distinctly. 

cm. A Moral Prognostication. 
I. What shall befall the Churches 
on earth till that Concord, by the 
Restitution of their primitive purity, 
sim.plicity and charity. II. How 
that restitution is like to be made 
(if ever) and what shall befall them 
thenceforth unto the end in that 
golden age of love. Written by 
Richard Baxter. When by the 
King's Commission we (in vain) 
treated for Concord. 1661. And 
now published not to instruct the 
proud that scorn to learn ; nor to 
make them wise who will not be. 
made wise : but to instruct the 
sons of love and peace in their 
duties and expectations. And to 
tell Posterity that the things which 
befall them were .foretold, and that 
the evil might have been pre- 
vented, and blessed peace on earth 
attained if men had been but will- 
ing, and had not shut their eyes 
and hardened their hearts against 
the beams oflight and love. London, 
Printed for Thomas Simmons at 
the Princes Arms in Ludgate- 
street, 1680 [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — To the Reader 
pp. 2 — Treatise pp. 67. 

*4(.* I have another edition ' London, 
Printed in the year 1680 and published 
in the year 1690 and are to be sold by 
Tho, Parkhurst at the Bible and three 
crowns in Cheapside near Mercer's 


Annotated List of the 

Chapel.' See 'Reliquiae' [Part III. p. 


CIV. Church-History of the 
Government of Bishops and their 
Councils abbreviated. Including 
the chief part of the government of 
Christian princes and popes, and a 
true account of the most troubling 
controversies and heresies till the 
Reformation. Written for the use 
especially of them. I. Who are 
ignorant or misinformed of the 
state of the Antient Churches. 
II. Who cannot read many and 
great volumes. III. Who think 
that the universal Church must 
have one visible soveraign, per- 
sonal or collective, Pope or Gene- 
ral Councils. IV. Who would 
know whether Patriarchs, Dio- 
cesans, and their Councils, have 
been or must be, the cure of here- 
sies and schismes. V. Who would 
know the truth about the great 
heresies which have divided the 
Christian world, especially the 
Donatists, Novatians, Arrians, 
Macedonians, Nestorians, Euty- 
chians, Monothelites, etc. By 
Richard Baxter, a hater of false 
History. London : Printed by B. 
Grifhn, and are to be sold by 
Thomas Simmons at the Princes 
Arms in Ludgate-street, and John 
Kidgell at the Atlas in Cornhil 
near the Royal Exchange. 1680. 

Collation: Title-page — The Preface 
pp. 6 — What history is credible and what 
not pp. 10 : at end of paj^e 10 ' a notice 
concerning Mr Henry Dodwell ' — Con- 
tents pp. 25 — Books pubd. by Simmons 
I page — Treatise pp. 488. 

CV. Richard Baxter's Answer 
to Dr Edward Stillingfleet's Charge 
of Separation : containing — 

I. Some Queries necessary for 
the understanding of his Accusa- 

II. A Reply to his Letter which 
denyeth a Solution. 

III. An Answer to his Printed 

Humbly tendred I. To Him- 
self ; II. To the Right Honour- 
able the Lord Mayor and the 
Court of Aldermen ; HI. To the 
Readers of his Accusation : the 
Forum where we are accused. 

London, Printed for Nevil Sim- 
mons at the Three Cocks at the 
West-end of St Paul's, and Thomas 
Simmons at the Prince's Arms in 
Ludgate-street. 1680. [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — The Preface 
pp. 5 — and pp. 8-100 — Appendix [un- 
paged] pp. 4. 

*4(.* The Appendix is frequently awant- 
ing from ' Finis' being printed at close of 
page 100 — a not uncommon thing with 
Baxter — for he has overflowing ' Post- 
scripts ' and 'Notes,' etc. etc. See 
'Reliquiae' [Part III. p. 187]. 

CVI. A Treatise of Episcopacy, 
confuting by Scripture, Reason 
and the Churches Testimony, that 
sort of Diocesan Churches, Prelacy 
and Government, which casteth out 
the primitive Church-species, Epis- 
copacy, ministry and discipline, 
and confoundeth the Christian 
world by corruption, usurpation, 
schismes and persecution. Medi- 
tated 1640 when the etc. oath 
was imposed. Written 167 1 and 
cast by: pubhshed 1680 by the 
call of Mr H. Dodwel, and the 
importunity of our superiors, who 
demand the Reasons of our Non- 
conformity. The designe of this 
book is not to weaken the Church 
of England, its government, riches, 
honour or unity : but to strengthen 
and secure it. i. By the concord 
of all true Protestants who can 
never unite in the present imposi- 
tions. 2. And by the necessary 
reformation of Parish- Churches, 
and those abuses which else will 
in all ages keep up a succession of 
Nonconformists. As an account 
why we dare not covenant by oath 
or subscription never to endeavour 

Writings of Richard Baxter. 


any (amending) alteration of the 
Church government (by lawful 
meanes, as subjects) nor make our- 
selves the justifying vouchers for 
all the unknown persons in the 
kingdom who vowed and swore it, 
that none of them are obliged to 
such (lawful) endeavours by their 
vow. By Richard Baxter, a Catho- 
lick Christian, for love, concord 
and peace of all true Christians, 
and obedience to all laM^ful com- 
mands of rulers ; but made, called 
and used as, a Nonconformist. 
London, Printed for Nevil Sim- 
mons at the three Cocks at the 
West-end of St Pauls and Thomas 
Simmons at the Prince's Armes in 
Ludgate-street. 1681 [4°]. 

Collation: Title-page — Books of Bax- 
ter's pp. 2 — the history of the production 
of this treatise, etc. pp. 10 — Quotations 
I page — Contents pp. 3 — Treatise — First 
Part pp. 170 — Second Part pp. 233 — Post- 
script pp. 3. 

\* The Williams Library copy has 
manuscript [holograph] additions by 
Baxter. See ' P.eliquise ' [Part III. p. 

CVII. An Apology for the Non- 
conformists Ministry : containing 

I. The reasons of their preaching 

II. An answer to the accusations 
urged as reasons, for the silencing 
of about 2000, by Bishop Morley, 
Bishop Guning's chaplain, Dr Say- 
well, Mr Durel, the nameless Ec- 
clesiastical Politician and Debate- 
maker the Counterminer, H. 
Fowlis, DrGood, and many others. 

III. Reasons proving it the duty 
and interest of the Bishops and 
Conformists to endeavour ear- 
nestly their Restoration. With a 
Postscript upon oral debates with 
Mr H. Dodwell against his reasons 
for their silence. And a Scheme 
of Interests. Written in 1668 
and 1669 for the most of it, and 
now published as an addition to 
the Defence against Dr Stillingfleet 
and as an account to the Silencers 
of the Reasons of our Practice. 

By Richard Baxter. London, 
Printed for Thomas Parkhurst at 
the Bible and Three Crowns in 
Cheapside near Mercers Chappel. 

1681. [4°.] 

Collation .-Title-page — Epistle Dedica- 
tory to certain of the * peaceful ' Bishops 
pp. 6. Contents pp. 3. Treatise pp. 252. 

%* * Reliquia' [Part III. p. 188.] 

CVIII. Faithful Souls shall be 
with Christ : the certainty proved 
and their Christianity described 
and exemplified in the truly Chris- 
tian life and death of that excellent, 
amiable saint Henry Ashurst Esq. 
citizen of London. Briefly and 
truly published for the conviction 
of hypocrites and the malignant, 
the strengthening of believers and 
the imitation of all, especially 
the masters of families in London. 
By Richard Baxter. London, 
Printed for Nevil Simmons at the 
Three Golden Cocks at the west 
end of St Paul's Church, 1681. 

Collation : Title-page — Epistle Dedi- 
catory to widow and son pp. 6. Sermon 
[John xii. 26] pp. 60, 

CIX. Poetical Fragments : 
Heart-Imployment with God and 
itself. The concordant discord of 
a broken-healed heart. Sorrow- 
ing-rejoycing, fearing-hoping, dy- 
ing-living. Written partly for 
himself and partly for near friends 
in sickness and other deep afflic- 
tion. By Richard Baxter. Pub- 
lished for the use of the afflicted. 
London, Printed by T. Snowden 
for B. Simmons at the 3 Golden 
Cocks at the west end of St Pauls. 
1681. [18°.] 

Collation : Title-page — To the Reader 
pp. 12 signed 'at the door of eternity' 
Aug. 7, 168 T. Poems pp. 135. The 
three little volumes of Verse, by B. were 
collected together by the late celebrated 
Publisher Mr Pickering as the ' Poetical 
Fragments ' of Baxter (i vol. 12°) a very 
pretty and now scarce book. 

ex. A Search for the English 
Schismatick : By the Case and 


Annotated List of the 

Characters I. Of the Diocesan 
Canoneers II. Of the Present 
Meer Nonconformists. Not as an 
Accusation of the former but a 
Necessary Defence of the later, so 
far as they are wrongfully Accused 
and Persecuted by them. By 
Richard Baxter, One of the Ac- 

London : Printed for Nevill 
Simmons at the Sign of the Three 
Golden Cocks at the West-end of 
St Pauls Church-yard. i68i. 

Collation: Title-page. Postscript pp. 
2. Treatise pp. 44. 

V ' Reliquiae ' [Part III. pp. 188, 189]. 

CXI. A Third Defence of the 
Cause of Peace, proving i. The 
need of our Concord 2. The Im- 
possibility of it on the terms of the 
present impositions. Against the 
Accusations and Storms of viz. Mr 
John Hinckley, A Nameless Im- 
pleader, A Nameless Reflector or 
Speculum etc. Mr John Cheney's 
Second Accusation, Mr Roger 
L' Strange Justice etc. the Dia- 
logue between the Pope and a 
Fanatic, J. Varney's Phanatic 
Prophesie. By Richard Baxter. 
London, Printed for Jacob Samp- 
son, next to the Wonder Tavern 
in Ludgate-Street. 1681. [8°.] 

Collation : Title-page — the Preface 
pp. 7. — books pp. 2. Answer to Hinck- 
leyipp. 128 — to Cheney pp. 76. Impleader 
pp. 77-146. Reflector pp. 147-149 — 
Varney and L'Strange pp. 150. 

CXII. A Second true Defence 
of the meer Nonconformists against 
the untrue Accusations, Reason- 
ings and History of Dr Edward 
Stillingfleet, dean of St Pauls 
etc. Clearly proving that it is 
(not sin but) duty. I. Not wil- 
fully to commit the many sins of 
Conformity. 2. Not sacrilegiously 
to forsake the preaching of the 
Gospel. 3. Not to cease publick 
worshipping of God. 4. To use 
needful pastoral helps for salva- 

tion, though men forbid it and call 
it Schism. Written by Richard 
Baxter, not to accuse others but 
to defend God's truth, and the 
true way of peace after near 20 
years loud accusations of the si- 
lencing, prosecuting clergy and 
their sins. With some Notes on 
Mr Joseph Glanvile's zealous and 
impartial Protestant and Dr L. 
Moulins Character. London, 
Printed for Nevil Simons at the 
sign of the Three Golden Cocks 
at the West-end of St Pauls. 
1681 [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — an historical 
Preface pp. 10 — a premised explication 
of the equivocal word * church ' pp. 4 — 
advertisement at bottom of page*-Con- 
tents pp. 4 — Treatise pp. 195 — books 
pubd. by Simmons. 

*^* Able and acute as was Stilling- 
fleet it only needeth to read this and No. 
CV. to be convinced of the larger and 
finer intellect of Baxter, as well as supe- 
rior learning within the debated ground. 

CXIII. A Breviate of the Life 
of Margaret, the Daughter of 
Francis Charlton of Apply in 
Shropshire Esq. ; and Wife of 
Richard Baxter. For the use of 
all, but especially of their Kindred. 
There is also Published the Cha- 
racter of her Mother, truly de- 
scribed in her Published Funeral 
Sermon. Reprinted at her Daugh- 
ter's Request, called ' The Last 
Work of a Believer, His passing- 
prayer, recommending his depart- 
ing Spirit to Christ, to be received 
by him. 

London, Printed for B. Sim- 
mons at the Three Golden Cocks 
at the West-end of St Paul's. 
1681. [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — To the Reader 
pp. 8 — ' Breviate ' pp. 107. 

*** Cf, John Howe's great Sermon, 
with loving and reverent * Epistle ' to 
Baxter, preached on the death of Mrs B. 
The * Breviate ' is very rare. 

CXIV. An Answer to Mr Dod- 
well and Dr Sherlocke ; confuting 

Writings of Richard Baxter, 


an Universal humane Church-su- 
premacy, aristocratical and monar- 
chical ; as Church-tyranny and 
Popery : and defending Dr Isaac 
Barrow's treatise against it. By 
Richard Baxter, Preparatory to a 
fuller Treatise against such an 
Universal Soveraignty, as contrary 
to reason, Christianity, the Pro- 
testant profession and the Church 
of England : though the corrupters 
usurp that title. London : Printed 
for Thomas Parkhurst at the Bible 
and Three Crowns at the lower 
end of Cheapside near Mercer's 
Chapel. 1682 [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page— To the Reader 
pp. 10 — Contents pp. 3 — Letters between 
B. and Dodwell pp. 8— Treatise pp. 151 
—Then separate title. * An Account of 
my Dissent from Dr Sherlocke, his doc- 
tnne, accusations and argumentation. 
Especially about the essence of the uni- 
versal, national and single Church, and 
the nature of Schism and the terms of 
Christian Concord. As also of my dis- 
sent from the French, from Bishop Gun- 
ning, and his chaplain Dr Saywell, Mr 
Thorndike,* Bishop Bramhall, Bishop 
Sparrow, Mr Dodwell, etc., on the same 
subject. By Richard Baxter, not as 
their Accuser, but a Defender of himself 
and the Protestants against other mens 
accusations who call for the execution of 
the laws against us. London, Printed 
for Tho. Parkhurst at the Bible and 
Three Crowns in Cheapside near Mer- 
cers Chappel. 1681 — pp. 155-230 — books 
pp. 2. 

%* See * Reliquiae' [Part III. p. 189.] 

CXV. Methodus Theologi^ 
Christianae. i. Naturae rerum. 
2. Sacra Scripturse. 3. Praxi, 
congrua, conformis adaptata. Ple- 
rumque (corrigenda tamen et perfi- 
cienda). Non i. Ignavis, festi- 
nantibus, delassatis. 2. Stolidis, 
indocilibus. sectariis (ex homine 
etfucojudicantibus). 3. Superbis, 
mundanis, maliguis : Ergo, Non 
plurimis : Sed Juventutis Acade- 
micae et Pastorum juniorum parti. 

1. Studiosae, sedulae, indefessae. 

2. Ingeniosae, docili, veritatem et 
ordinem sitienti. 3. Humih, can- 

didae, Deo devotae : Quippe ad 
I. Veritatis indagationem, custo- 
diam, propagationem. 2. Sancti- 
tatis cultum incrementum laudem, 
3. Ecclesiae salutem, pacem, de- 
cus. Supra omnes natae, disposita 
consecratae. Dicata par Richardum 
Baxterum, Philotheologum. 

Londini, Typis M. White et 
T. Snowden et prostant venales 
apud Nevil Simmons ad insigne 
trium gallorum in vico Ludgate 
prope Templium Paulinum. 168 1 

Collation : Imprimatur, etc. on fly- 
leaf — engraved title-page as ante, — 
Prefatio pp. 8 — Index pp. 12 — Post- 
scriptum pp. 2 — large circular engraving 
shewing the whole details — Treatise : 
Pars L pp. 380 — Pars IL pp. 381-450 — 
Pars III. pp. 369 — Pars IV. pp. 371-439. 

*** ' This book cost him the most 
pains by far of any of his works. He 
was a great many years about it. It 
cost him one way or other about ;^5oo 
[;^2ooo fully now] the printing : for he 
was forced to print it at his own charge. 
And after all 'tis generally esteemed so 
abstruse and scholastical that few have 
been willing to be at the necessary pains 
to understand it. But such as will ex- 
cuse the Latin of it, will find a more 
than ordinary accuracy [of thought] in 
it. Calamy * Account ' Vol. I. p. 417. 
There can be no doubt that there are 
'slips' in the Latinity of this ' Me- 
thodus ' but it is an extraordinary book : 
and perhaps evidences more than any 
other the broadness of Baxter's intellect 
and the excursiveness of his speculation. 
There are too bits of terse, apothegmatic 
Latin worthy of Hobbes' renderings of 
Bacon : and there are separate ' Thoughts' 
that well translated would make a com- 
panion volume to Fuller's wise and 
quaint * Thoughts :' without their sparkle 
but of perhaps a truer spirituality. See 
'Reliquiae' [Part IIL pp. 69, 70] for a 
curious narrative of the preparation of 
this treatise. 

CXVI. The Ready Way of 
comfuting Mr Baxter : a Speci- 
men of the present mode of Con- 
troversie in England. On last 
page ' London, Printed for R. 
Janewayin Queen's- Head- Alley in 
Paternoster-row, 1682 ' [4°] — pp. 
8. No title-page save al?ove. 


Annotated List of the 

CXyil. The True History of 
Councils Enlarged and Defended, 
against the Deceits of a pretended 
Vindication of the Primitive 
Church, but indeed of the Tym- 
panite and Tyranny of some 
Prelates many hundred years after 
Christ. With a Detection of the 
false History of Edward, Lord 
Bishop of Corke and Rosse in 
Ireland. And a Specimen of the 
way by which this Generation 
confuteth their Adversaries, in 
several instances. And a Preface 
abbreviating much of Ludolphus's 
History of Habassia. Written to 
shew their dangerous Errour, who 
think that a general Council or 
Colledge of Bishops, is a supream 
Govemour of all the Christian 
World, with power of Universal 
Legislation, Judgment and Execu- 
tion, and that Christ's Laws with- 
out their Universal Laws, are not 
sufficient for the Churches Unity 
and Concord. By Richard Baxter, 
a Lover of Truth, Love, and Peace, 
and a Hater of Lying, Malignity, 
and Persecution. To which is 
added by another Hand, a Defence 
of a Book, Entituled No Evidence 
for Diocesan Churches. Wherein 
what is further produced out of 
Scripture and ancient Authors, for 
Diocesan Churches, is described. 

London, Printed for Tho. Park- 
hurst at the Bible and Three 
Crowns, at the lower end of Cheap- 
side, near Mercer's Chappel. 1682. 

Collation : Tide-page — The Preface 
pp. 23 — The Contents pp. 3 — Treatise pp. 
240 — Defence of * No Evidence,' etc. — 
Title-page and Errata on reverse — 
Preface pp. 6 and pp. 113 — Postscript 

V * Reliquiae' [Part III. p. 189]. 

CXVIH. A Sermon preached at 
the Funeral of that faithful minister 
of Christ Mr John Corbet. With 
his true and exemplary Character. 
By Richard Baxter. London, 

Printed for Thomas Parkhurst at 
the Bible and three Crowns at 
the lower end of Cheapside. 1682. 
[sm. 4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — Sermon [from 
2 Corinthians xii. 1-9] pp. 36, and i page 
giving list of C.'s writings. 

CXIX. The Last Work of a 
Believer. His passing-Prayer, re- 
commending his departing spirit to 
Christ to be received by him. 

Prepared for the Funerals of 
Mary, the Widow first of Francis 
Charlton, Esq., and after of 
Thomas Hanmer, Esq. : and 
partly preached at St Mary Mag- 
dalens Church in Milk-street, 
London. And now, at the desire 
of her daughter, before her death, 
reprinted. By Richard Baxter. 

London, Printed by B. Griffin 
for B. Simmons at the three 
Golden Cocks, at the West-end of 
St Pauls. 1682. [4°.] 

Collation: Tide-page— The Contents 
pp. 2 — To the Reader pp. 12 — Sermon 
pp. 79- [Text Acts vii. 29]. 

^*^ * Reliquiae ' [Lib. I. p. 120]. 

CXX. Compassionate Counsel 
to all Young Men, especially 1. 
London Apprentices. II. Students 
of Divinity, Physick and Law. 
III. The sons of magistrates and 
rich men. By Richard Baxter. 
London, Printed by T. S. and are 
to be . sold by B. Simmons and 
Jonath. Greenwood at the Three 
Golden Cocks at the West-end of 
St Pauls and at the Crown in the 
Poultry. 1682 [I2°J. 

Collation : Title-page — Contents pp. 2 
— Treatise pp. 192. 

*^* Had an instant and sustained 
popularity : enormous numbers were 
gratuitously circulated. Not until * 1691 ' 
did the Publishers put * second edition * 
on fhe title-page — which edition contains 
a pretty full ' catalogue ' of B.'s * books ' 
published and then unpublished—* Printed 
by H. Clark for George Conyers next 
door to the Princes Arms in Little 
Britain.' I have an edition of *i7o8' 
which has printed on the title-page the 

Writings of Richard Baxter. 


gift of the Author ' — * Printed for J. Liint- 
ley at the Three Bibles in Portugal- 
street near Lincolns-Inn- Fields.' See 
'Reliquiae ' [Part III. p. 190]. 

CXXI. How to do good to 
Many : or the Publick Good is the 
Christians Life. Directions and 
Motives to it. Intended for an 
auditory of London citizens, and 
published for them, for want of 
leave to preach them. By Richard 
Baxter. London, Printed for Rob. 
Gibs at the Ball in Chancery Lane. 
1682. [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — ' To the truly- 
Christian merchants and other citizens of 
London ' pp. 2 — Treatise pp. 48. [Text 
Galatians vi. 10]. 

CXXII. Of the Immortality of 
Man's Soul and the nature of it 
and other spirits. Two discourses : 
One in a Letter to an unknown 
Doubter : the other in a reply to 
Dr Henry Moore's [More] Animad- 
versions on a private Letter to him : 
which he published in his second 
edition of Mr Joseph Glauvil's 
Sadducismus Triumphatus or His- 
tory of Apparitions. By Richard 
Baxter. London, Printed for B. 
Simons at the Three Golden 
Cocks at the West -end of St 
Pauls. 1682. [12°]. 

Collation : Title-page — the Preface 
pp. 6 — Separate title 'The Nature and 
Immortality of the Soul proved. In 
answer to one who professed perplexing 
doubtfulness. By Richard Baxter. 
London [as before] — pp. 3-72. Separate 
title — * Of the Nature of Spirits : especi- 
ally man's soul. In a placid collation 
with the learned Dr Henry More, in a 
Reply to his Answer to a private Letter, 
etc. [as before] — Letter [by Baxter to 
More] pp. 10 — Treatise pp. no. 

CXXIII. The Catechizing of 
Families : a Teacher of House- 
holders, how to teach their House- 
holds. Useful also to School- 
masters and tutors of youth. For 
those that are past the common 
small Chatechisms [sic] and would 
grow to a more rooted Faith and 
to the fuller understanding of all 

that is commonly needful to a safe, 
holy, comfortable and profitable 
life. Written by Richard Baxter, 
in hope that family and school- 
diligence may do much to keep up 
true Religion. London, Printed 
for T. Parkhurst at the Bible and 
Three Crowns at the lower end of 
Cheapside near Mercers Chappel, 
and B. Simmons at the Three 
Golden Cocks at the West-end of 
St Pauls. 1683. [8°]. 

Collation : Portrait 1674 — Title-page 
— Reasons and use of the book pp. 10 — 
Contents pp. 3 — Errata and books pubd. 
I page — Treatise pp. 439 — Books pubd. 
I page. 

*^* ' Reliquiae' [Part III. p. 191]. 

CXXIV. Additional Notes on 
the Life and Death of Sir Matthew 
Hale, the late universally honoured 
and loved Lord Justice of the 
King's Bench. Written by Richard 
Baxter at the request of Edward 
Stephens Esq. the Publisher of 
his Contemplations and his familiar 
friend, and published by the ur- 
gency of others. London, Printed 
for Richard Jane way in Queens - 
head-alley in Patemoster-row. 
1682. [12°.] 

Collation : Tide-page— To the Reader 
pp. o — Note I page — Treatise pp. 45. 

CXXV. A Continuation of 
Morning- Exercise Questions and 
Cases of Conscience practically 
resolved by sundry ministers in 
October 1682. London, Printed 
by J. A. for John Dunton at the 
sign of the Black Raven in the 
Poultry over-against the Stocks- 
market. 1683 [4°]. Serm. XL 
' The Cure of Melancholy and 
over-much sorrow by Faith and 
Physick' pp. 263-303. [Text 2 
Corinthians ii. 7]. 

CXXVI. Obedient Patience in 
General ; and in XX particular 
cases : with Helps to obtain and 
use it ; and impatience repressed : 
Cross-bearers less to-be pityed than 


Annotated List of the 

Cross -makers. Written for his 
own use under the cross, imposed 
at once by God and man, and pub- 
lished as now reasonable to many 
thousands who hold fast faith and 
conscience. By Richard Baxter. 
London, Printed for Robert Gios, 
at the sign of the Ball in Chancery- 
Lane 1683. [12°.] 

Collation : Title-page — the Preface 
pp. 6. Contents pp. 4. Treatise pp. 288. 

%* Extremely rare and valuable as 

CXXVIL Richard Baxter's 

Farewell Sermon, prepared to 
have been preached to his hearers 
at Kidderminster at his departure, 
but forbidden. London Printed for 
B. Simmons at the Three Golden 
Cocks on Ludgate-Hill at the 
west-end of St Paul's. 1683. 

Collation : Title-page — To the inhabi- 
tants of K. pp. 2. Sermon [from John 
xvi. 22] pp. 42. [See LI.] 

CXXVIII. Richard Baxter's 
Dying Thoughts upon Phil[ippians] 
i. 23. Written for his own use in 
the latter times of his corporal 
pains and weakness. 

London, Printed by Tho. Snow- 
den, for B. Simmons at the Three 
golden Cocks, at the West-end 
of St Pauls. 1683. [cr. 8vo.] 

Collation: Portrait "Aetat 68" with 
Verses beneath — Title-page. The Pre- 
face to the Reader pp. 4. The Contents 
pp. 16. Sentences on Love, Death etc. 
pp. 2. The Introduction [unpaged] pp. 
16. Treatise pp. 259. Appendix pp. 
260-357. Short Meditations on Romans 
V. 1-5, pp. 358-381. 

CXXIX. Mr Baxter's Judg- 
ment and Reasons against com- 
municating with the Parish-As- 
semblies, as by Law required. 
Impartially stated and proposed. 
Printed in the year 1684. 

Collation : To the Reader pp. 6 and 
pp.31. [See No. CXXXI.] 

CXXX. Catholick Communion 
Defended against both Extreams : 
and Unnecessary Division Con- 

futed, by Reasons against both the 
Active and Passive ways of Sepa- 
ration : Occasioned by the Racks 
and Reproaches of one sort, and 
the Impatience and Censoriousness 
of the other ; and the Erroneous, 
tho Confident Writings of Both. 
And written in Compassion of a 
Distracted, Self-tearing People, 
tho with little hope of any gi'eat 
success. In Five Parts. 

I. The Dangerous Schisma- 
tick; on the Three Cases 
about Church- Communion. 

II. Animadversions on part 
of Mr Raphson's Book. 

III. A Survey of the Unrea- 
sonable Defender of Dr 
Stillingfleet, for Separation, 
pretending to oppose it. 

IV. Reasons of the Author's 
censured Communion with 
the Parish Churches. 

V. The Reasons why Dr J. 
O. 's Twelve Arguments 
change not his Judgement. 
By Richard Baxter, a Lover 
of Love and Peace ; and by 
defending them, displeasing 
those that labour to destroy 

London : Printed for Tho. Park- 
hurst at the Bible and Three 
Crowns in Cheapside near Mercer's 
Chappel. 1684. [4°.] 

Collation : Title-page — To the Reader 
pp. 3. The Contents pp. 3. A Separate 
title as follows : ' The Dangerous Schis- 
matick clearly detected and fully con- 
futed : for the saving of a distracted Na- 
tion from that which would destroy 
Christian love and unity. Occasioned by 
a Resolver of three Cases about Church- 
Communion. By Richard Baxter, a 
catholique Christian who is against con- 
fining Christian love and communion to 
any sect how great soever. London [as 
before]. Treatise pp. 58. Another 
title — * The Second Part against Schism' 
being Animadversions on a book famed 
to be Mr Raphson's. London [as before] 
— To the Reader i page. Treatise pp. 
18. Another but no separate title (?) — 
the*Preface pp. 44. A Survey of the Re- 
ply to Mr Humphrey and myself called 
a Vindication etc. of Dr Stillingfleet, pp. 

Writings of Richard Baxter. 


56. Another but also without separate 
title ' Unnecessary separating disowned ' 
in the reasons of the author's censured 
practice pp. 29. Then a separate title 
— 'An account of the Reasons why the 
Twelve Arguments said to be Dr John 
Owen's change not my judgment about 
communion with Parish-Churches. By 
Richard Baxter. London [as before]— 
the Preface pp. 2. Treatise pp. 46. Post- 
script and Letter pp. 18 — books pubd. by 
Parkhurst i page. 

*^* A perfect set, as above described, 
of this volume is exceedingly rare. See 
'Reliquiae' [Part IIL pp. 197, 198]. 
Orme divides above into five distinct 
works in one place and other two in 

CXXXI. Whether Parish Con- 
gregations be true Christian Chur- 
ches and the Capable, Consenting 
Incumbents, be truly their Pastors 
or Bishops over their Flocks. 
And so Whether the old Protes- 
tants, Conformists and Noncon- 
formists or the Brownists, were 
in the right herein. And how 
far our present Case is the same. 
Written by Richard Baxter as an 
Explication of some Passages in 
his former Writings ; especially 
his Treatise of Episcopacy, mis- 
understood and misapplied by 
some ; and answering the strong- 
est Objections of some of them ; 
especially a Book called 

Mr Baxter's Judgment and Rea- 
sons against Communicating with 
the Parish Assemblies as by Law 
required. And another called, A 
Theological Dialogue. 

Or CathoHck Communion once 
more Defended upon men's nec^- 
sitating importunity. By Richaird 

London, Printed for Thomas 
Parkhurst, at the Bible and Three 
Crowns in Cheapside, near Mer- 
cer's Chappel, 1684 [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page pp. 2-43 — Post- 
script I page — Answer to ' Theological 
Dialogue ' pp. 30— Postscript pp. 31-32— 
[See No. CXXIX]. Orme makes /^7^r 
separate works of above. 

CXXXIL Catholick Com- 

munion Doubly Defended : By 
Dr Owen's Vindicator and Richard 
Baxter. And the State of that 
Communion opened and the 
Questions discussed, whether there 
be any Displeasure at Sin or Re- 
pentance for it in Heaven. With 
a Parallel of the case of using a 
faulty Translation of Scripture 
and a faulty Lyturgy. 

London, Printed for Thomas 
Parkhurst at the Three Bibles and 
Crown [as before] 1684 [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — Preliminary 
* Note ' I page — Contents i page — 
Treatise pp. 40. 

CXXXIIL The Judgment of 
the late Lord Chief Justice Sir 
Matthew Plale, of the nature of 
True Rehgion, the Causes of its 
Corruption and the Churches Ca- 
lamity by mens Additions and 
Violences : with the desired cure. 
In three Discourses written by 
himself at several times. Humbly 
dedicated to the honourable Judges 
and learned lawyers who knew 
and honoured the author, because 
in their true sentiments of Religion 
and its depravations, and the cure, 
the welfare of England under his 
majesty, as well as their own, is 
eminently concerned. By the 
faithful Publisher, Richard Baxter. 
To which is annexed the Judgment 
of Sir Francis Bacon, Lord Veru- 
1am St Albans and Chancellour of 
England : and somewhat of Dr 
Isaack Barrow's on the same sub- 
ject. London, Printed for B. 
Simmons at the three Cocks near 
the West-end of S. Paul's church, 
1684 [4°]. 

Collation: Title-page-^a Preface pp. 
5 — Contents pp. 5 — Treatise pp. 64. 

*.>- * The ' Reliquiae ' contains various 
delightful notices of the great and good 
Judge.— See Part IIL pp. 47, 175, 181. 

CXXXIV. * Umim Necessari- 
mn: The One Thing Necessary 
or Christ's Justification of Mary's 
Choice and of his Servants wrong- 


Annotated List of the 

fully accused, 1685. Calamy : 

* Account,' Vol. I. p. 420. 

^4(.* I have not met with this except in 
the re-prints e.g, in ' Practical Works ' of 
Baxter, Vol. IV. pp. 759-781 [4 Vols. 
royal 8vo 1838] : also Orme, as before. 

CXXXV. A Paraphrase on 
the -New Testament with Notes 
doctrinal and practical by Plain- 
ness and Brevity fitted to the use 
of religious Families in their daily 
reading of the Scriptures, and of 
the younger and poorer sort of 
Scholars and Ministers who want 
fuller help. With an advertise- 
ment of difficulties in the Revela- 
tions. By the late Reverend Mr 
Richard Baxter. The second 
edition, corrected. To which is 
added at the end Mr Baxter's 
account of his Notes on some par- 
ticular texts for which he was 
imprisoned. London, Printed for 
T. Parkhurst at the Bible and 
Three Crowns at the lower end of 
Cheapside : S. Sprint at the Bell 
in Little Britain : J. Taylor at the 
Ship, and J. Wyat at the Rose in 
St Paul's Church Yard. 1695 

Collation : Portrait — Title-page — On 
reverse 'The Farewell' [poetry] — An 
Account of the Reason and Use of this 
Paraphrase pp. 4 — the book not paged, 
final sheet E e e 2. — At end An Adver- 
tisement respecting the difficulties in the 
Revelations signed 'Richard Baxter, 
London 1684, Nov. 12. Natali Authoris 
setat suae 70 ' — a Postcrlpt pp. 8 — On last 
page is ' Mr Baxter's own account of the 
cause of his imprisonment, left under his 
own hand to be printed with his Para- 
phrase.' Macaulay has made Baxter's 
trial' before Judge Jeffreys — for the 

* Paraphrase,' etc. etc. — immortal. 

CXXXVL R. Baxter's Sence 
of the Subscribed Articles of 
Religion. London, Printed for 
Ben. Cox next door to the Dog- 
Tavern in Ludgate-street, 1689 


Collation : Half-title — and pp. 12 — 
imprint at end. 

CXXXVIL A Treatise of 
Knowledge and Love compared. 

In two parts L Of falsely pretend- 
ed knowledge II. Of true saving 
knowledge and love. I. Against 
hasty judging and false conceits of 
knowledge and for necessary sus- 
pension. II. The excellency of 
Divine love, and the happiness of 
being known and loved of God. 
Written as greatly needful to 
the safety and peace of every 
Christian and of the Church. The 
only certain way to escape false 
religions, heresies, sects and ma- 
lignant prejudices, persecutions 
and sinful wars : all caused by 
falsely pretended knowledge and 
hasty judging, by proud ignorant 
men who know not their ignorance. 
By Richard Baxter who by God's 
blessing on long and hard studies 
hath learned to know that he 
knoweth but little, and to suspend 
his judgment of uncertainties, and 
to take great, necessary, certain 
things, for the food of his faith and 
comforts and the measure of his 
Church - Communion. London, 
Printed for Tho. Parkhurst at the 
Bible and Three Crowns at the 
lower end of Cheapside near Mer- 
cers Chapel. 1689. [sm. 4°.] 

Collation: Title-page — Epistle Dedi- 
catory to Sir Henry and Lady Diana 
Ashurst pp. 8. To the Reader pp. 2. 
Contents pp. 4. Treatise pp. 342. [Text 
I Corinthians viii. 2, 3.] books pubd by 
Parkhurst pp. 2. 

CXXXVIIL Cain and Abel 
Malignity, that is. Enmity to 
Serious Godliness, that is, to an 
holy and heavenly State of Heart 
and Life : Lamented, Described, 
Detected and unanswerably proved 
to be the Devilish Nature and the 
Militia of the Devil against God, 
and Christ and the Church and 
Kingdoms, and the surest sign of 
a state of damnation. By Richard 
Baxter or Gildas Salvianus, who 
earnestly beseecheth all enemies, 
scorners, opposers and persecutors 
of serious Obedience to God, not to 

Writings of Richard Baxter. 


refuse so small a matter as the 
reading this short undeniable 
Evidence, to save their souls, while 
yet there is hope, from so damnable 
a state of Sin and Diabolism. 
Especially Magistrates and Clergy- 
men, who are sacrilegious and 
blasphemous, if in the name of 
Christ's Ministers they turn those 
Sacred Offices against him. 

London, Printed for Tho. Park- 
hurst at the Bible and Three 
Crowns, at the lower end of Cheap- 
side, near Mercer's Chapel. 1689. 


Colia tion : Portrait — Title-page — To 
the Reader pp. 1 1 dated thus ' August 
24. (1689) The fatal Day of Silencing in 
England in 1662.' Treatise pp. 146. 

See 'Reliquiae' [Part III. p. 196]. 

CXXXIX. The Scripture Gos- 
pel defended and Christ, Grace 
and Free Justification Vindicated, 
against the Libertines, who use 
the names of Christ, Free Grace 
and Justification, to subvert the 
Gospel and Christianity, and that 
Christ, Grace and Justification, 
which they in zealous Ignorance 
think they plead for, to the injury 
of Christ, the danger of Souls, and 
the scandalizing of the weak, the 
insulting of Adversaries and the 
Dividing of the Churches. Yet 
charitably differencing the wordy 
Errours of unskilful Opiniaters, 
from their Practical Piety. And 
the mistaken Notions of some Ex- 
cellent Divines, from the gross 
Libertine Antinomian Errours. 
In Two Books. The first, a 
Breviate of Fifty Controversies 
about Justification ; written about 
thirteen years past, and cast by 
till now, after many provocations, 
by Press, Pulpit and Backbiting. 
The second upon the sudden re- 
viving of Antinomianism, which 
seemed almost extinct near Thirty 
four years : And the re-printing of 
Dr Crisp's Sermons with Additions ; 
with twelve Reverend Names pre- 

fixed for a decoy, when some of 
them abhor the Errour of the Book 
and knew not what was in it, but 
yielded by surprize only to declare 
that they believed him that told 
them that the Additions were a 
true Copy. By Richard Baxter, 
an Offender of the Offenders of the 
Church, by Defending the Truth 
and Duty which they fight against. 

London, Printed for Tho. Park- 
hurst at theBible and Three Crowns 
at the lower end of Cheapside. 
1690. [cr. 8°.] 

Collatio7i : Title-page — Texts pp. 5 and 
* the Answer to all this by the Adver- 
saries ' I page. 

There are the following separate 
titles — 

(i.) A Breviate of the Doctrine 
of Justification, dilivered [sic] in 
many Books, By Richard Baxter : 
In many Propositions and the So- 
lution of 50 Controversies about it. 
Written i. To end such Contro- 
versies. 2. To confute rash Cen- 
surers and Errours. 3. To inform 
the Ignorant. 4. To procure Cor- 
rection from wiser men, if I mis- 
take. Occasioned by some mens 
accusation of me to others, that 
will not vouchsafe their instruction 
to myself. And by the Erroneous 
and dangerous Writings and 
Preachings of some well-meaning 
men, such as Mr Troughton etc. 
who at once mistake and misre- 
port God's Word and ours, and 
fight in the dark against Christian 
Faith and Love. 

London, [as before]. 

Collation: Separate title — The Pre- 
face pp. 5. The Prologue pp. 8. The 
Contents pp. 5. Treatise pp. 116. 

(2.) A Defence of Christ and 
Free Grace : against the Sub- 
vert ers commonly called Antino- 
mians or Libertines ; who ignorant- 
ly blaspheme Christ on Pretence 
of extolling Him. In a Dialogue 
between an Orthodox Zealot and 
a Reconciling Monitor. Written 


Aii7iotated List of the 

on the Occasion of the reviving of 
those Errours and the Reprinting 
and Reception of Dr Crispes Writ- 
ings, and the danger of subverting 
many thousand honest souls by the 
Notions of Free Grace and Justifica- 
tion misunderstood and abused by 
injudicious, unstudyed, prejudiced 
Preachers. By Richard Baxter. 

London [as before, but after 
Cheapside, is added 'near Mercers- 
Chapel. '] 

Collation: Separate title — To the 
Reader pp. II. Another pp. 3. To the 
Teachers of Dr Crispe's Doctrine pp. 6. 
Treatise pp. 71. The Contents i page. 
Books published by Parkhurst i page. 
Extremely rare. 

CXL. The EngUsh Noncon- 
formity as under King Charles II. 
and King James II. Truly Stated 
and Argued. By Richard Baxter. 
Who earnestly beseecheth Rulers 
and Clergy, not to Divide and De- 
stroy the Land, and cast their own 
Souls on the dreadful Guilt and 
Punishment of National Perjury, 
Lying, deliberate Covenanting to 
Sin against God, corrupt his 
Church and not amend, nor by 
Laws or blind Malignity, to re- 
proach faithful Ministers of Christ, 
and Judge them to Scorn and 
Beggery, and to Lie and Die in 
Jails as Rogues, and so to strengthen 
Profaneness, Popery and Schism, 
and all for want of Willingness 
and Patience to Read and Hear 
their just Defence ; while they can 
spend much more time in Sin and 
Vanity. The Author humbly begs 
that he and his Book of uncon- 
futable Defence of a Mistaken per- 
secuted Cause may not be Wit- 
nesses against them for such great 
and wilful Sin to their Condemna- 
tion. The Second Edition, Cor- 
rected and Amended. 

London, Printed for The. Park- 
hurst at the Bible and Three 
Crowns, at the lower End of 
Cheapside. 1690 [4°]. 

Collation: Title-page. The Preface 
pp. 6. An Instance of the Accusations 
which call for our Defence etc. pp. 4. 
The Contents pp. 4. Treatise pp. . 304. 

\* On last page a pungent Note of 
the valiant old man, headed ' England's 

CXLI. An End of Doctrinal 
Controversies which have lately 
troubled the Churches, by Recon- 
ciling Explication, without much 
Disputing. Written by Richard 

London, Printed for John Salus- 
bury at the Rising Sun in Corn- 
hil. 1691. [fc. 8°.] 

Collation: Title-page — The Preface 
pp. 6 — The Contents pp. 4— Books pubd. 
by Salusbury i page— Treatise, Prelimi- 
nary chap. I. pp. xxxiv. — and pp. 320. 

\* See 'Reliquiae' [Part III. p. 182]. 

CXLII. The Glorious King- 
dom of Christ, described and 
clearly vindicated against the bold 
asserters of a Future Calling and 
Reign of the Jews and 1000 years 
before the Conflagration, and the 
Asserters of the 1000 years King- 
dom after the Conflagration. Open- 
ing the promise of the new heaven 
and earth and the everlastingness 
of Christ's Kingdom, against their 
debasing it, who confine it to 1000 
years which with the Lord is but 
as one day. Answering Mr Tho. 
Beverley who imposed this task by 
his oft and earnest challenges of 
all the doctors and pastors, and 
his censure of dissenters as semi- 
Sadduces of the Apostasie in his 
Twelve Principles and Catechisms, 
etc. By Richard Baxter, whose 
comfort is only the hope of that 
kingdom. London, Printed by T. 
Snowden for Thomas Parkhurst at 
the Bible and Three Crowns, the 
lower end of Cheapside. 1691. 

Collation : Title-page — to * Mr Increase 
Mather, the learned and pious rector of 
the New England CoUedge, now in 
London ' pp. 2 — Contents pp. 2 — Treatise 
pp. 73 — books pubd. by Parkhurst pp. 2. 

Writings of Richard Baxter. 


CXLIII. The Certainty of the 
World of Spirits. Fully evinced 
by the unquestionable histories of 
apparitions, operations, witchcrafts, 
voices, etc. proving the immor- 
tality of souls, the malice and 
misery of the devils and the damned, 
and the blessedness of the justified. 
Written for the conviction of Sad- 
duces and Infidels. By Richard 
Baxter. London, Printed for T. 
Parkhurst at the Bible and Three 
Crowns in Cheapside and J. Salus- 
bury at the Rising Sun near the 
Royal Exchange in Cornhill. 1691 
[cr. 8-]. 

Collation : Title-page — the Preface 
pp. 10 — Contents pp. 4 — Treatise pp. 
246 — Postcript (though ' Finis ' is on 
page 246) pp. 247-252 — books pubd. by 
Parkhurst pp. 2 and pp. 2. 

*4(.* This as it is among the quaintest 
and most curious is also of the rarest of 
Baxter's writings. 

CXLIV. A Reply to Mr Tho. 
Beverley's Answer to my Reasons 
against his Doctrine of the Thou- 
sand Years Middle Kingdom, and 
of the Conversion of the Jews. By 
Richard Baxter, passing to that 
world where we shall see face to 
face. P"eb. 20, i6gj. London. 
Printed for Tho. Parkhurst at the 
Bible and Three Crowns near Mer- 
cer's Chapel. 1 69 1 [4°]. 

Collation: Title-page and pp. 21. 
*^.* Among the least frequently met 
with of Baxter's tractates. 

CXLV. Of National Churches : 
Their Description, Institution, 
Use, Preservation, Danger, Mala- 
dies and Cure : Partly applied to 

Written by Richard Baxter for 
promoting peace when the pacify- 
ing Day shall come, by healing 
their extremes that are willing of 
Peace and Healing. And for the 
fuller Explication of the Treaty for 
Concord in 1660 and 166 1 and of the 
Kings gracious Declaration about 
Ecclesiastical Affairs, for which he 

had publick thanks, by them that 
afterward rejected it. And for 
further Explication of his Treatise 
of Episcopacy and many others 
written for Peace and rejected. 

London, Printed by T. Snow- 
den for Thomas Parkhurst at the 
Bible and Three Crowns, the lower 
end of Cheapside. 1691. [4°]. 

Collation : Title-page — To the Reader 
pp. 3 — The Contents i page — Books 
printed for Parkhurst pp. 2 — pp. 72. 

CXLVI. Against the Revolt to 
a Foreign Jurisdiction which would 
be to England its perjury, Church- 
ruine and Slavery. In two parts. 
I. The History of Men's endea- 
vours to introduce it. II. The 
Confutation of all Pretences for it. 
Fully stating the Controversie, and 
proving that there is no sovereign 
power of legislation, judgment and 
execution over the whole Church 
on earth, aristocratical or monar- 
chical, but only Christ's : especi- 
ally against the Aristocratists who 
place it in a Council or College. 
By Richard Baxter, an earnest 
Desirer of the Churches concord, 
and therefore an enemy to all false 
terms and dividing engines and 
self-exalting sects ; and a Defender 
of Christ's own assigned terms 
which take in all the true Chris- 
tians in the world and are injurious 
or cruel to none. To be offered 
to the next Convocation, beseech- 
ing them to own the doctrine of 
Foreign Communion but to note 
with renunciation the docrine of 
Foreign Jurisdiction and to vindi- 
cate the Reformed Church of Eng- 
land from the guilt and suspition 
which the French and innovators 
injuriously seek to fasten on them. 
London, Printed for Tho. Park- 
hurst at the Bible and Three 
Crowns at the lower end of Cheap - 
side near Mercers Chapel. 1691. 

Collation : Title-page — Epistle Dedi- 


Annotated List of the 

catory to * Tillotson ' then Dean of St 
Pauls pp. 7 — To the Reader pp. 3 — 
Contents of the first part pp. 2 — Treatise 
pp. 366. The Second Part * The Stating 
of the Controversie and full Confutation 
of the Pretences for a foreign jurisdiction' 
— Contents i page — Treatise pp. 369- 

CXLVII. Church Concord : 
containing I. A Disswasive from 
unnecessary division and separa- 
tion and the real concord of the 
moderate Independents with the 
Presbyterians, instanced in ten 
seeming differences. II. The 
terms necessary for Concord 
among all true Churches and 
Christians. The first Part written 
1655. The second Part 1667. 
And published this 1 69 1. To 
second a late Agreement of the 
London Protestant Nonconfor- 
mists : and a former treatise called 
The true and only terms of 
Church-Concord. By Richard 
Baxter. London, Printed for Tho. 
Parkhurst at the Bible and Three 
Crowns in Cheapside near Mer- 
cers Chapel, 1 69 1 [40]. 

Collation : Title-page — the Preface 
pp. II — to the United Nonconformists 
m London pp. 2 — Contents i page — 
Treatise : Pt. I. pp. 59 — Then a sepa- 
rate title as follows : * Church Concord 
about Government and Order. The 
second Part. The just terms of agree- 
ment between all sober, serious Chris- 
tians (by what names soever now dis- 
tinguished :) in point i. Of Catholick 
Communion : 2. Of particular Church 
Communion : 3. Of the Communion of 
neighbour Churches : 4. And of Churches 
of several kingdoms : 5. And of their 
duty as good subjects to their prince. 
Humbly offered to all the Christian 
Churches as the true and sufficient 
remedy of their divisions, if not rejected 
or neglected : and as a standing witness 
before God and man against dividing 
zeal and Church tyranny. By Richard 
Baxter, a servant of the God of love and 
peace. London [as before] ' — To the 
Reader, dated ' Acton Nov. 21, 1688,' 
I page — Treatise Pt. IL pp. 62. 

CXLVIII. Richard Baxter's 
Penitent Confession, and his ne- 
cessary Vindication in answer to a 
Book, called the Second Part of 

Mischiefs of Separation, written 
by an unnamed author. With a 
Preface to Mr Cantianus D. Mi- 
nimis in answer to his Letter 
which extorted this Publication. 
London, Printed for Tho. Park- 
hurst at the Bible and Three 
Crowns in Cheapside near Mer- 
cers Chapel, 1 69 1 [4°]. 

Collation: Title-page — a Letter to 
Mr Baxter pp. 2 — the Preface pp. 6— 
Treatise pp. 89 — books by Baxter pp. 3. 

CXLIX. The Protestant Reli- 
gion truly stated : by the late 
Reverend Mr Richard Baxter. 
Prepared for the press some time 
before his death. Whereunto is 
added some account of the learned 
authors : By Mr Daniel Williams 
and Mr Matthew Sylvester. Lon- 
don : Printed for John Salusbury 
at the Rising Sun over against the 
Royal Exchange in Cornhill, 1692 

Collation: Title-page — To the Reader 
pp. 10 — Contents pp. 3 — Advt. of B's 
' Life ' on reverse of last leaf— Treatise 
pp. 185 — Errata on page 185, before 
which it is said ' this book was delivered 
by Mr Baxter himself to the bookseller,' 
etc. — books pp. 3. 

CL. The Grand Question Re- 
solved, What we must do to be 
Saved. Instructions for a Holy 
Life. By the late Reverend 
Divine, Mr Richard Baxter. Re- 
commended to the Bookseller a 
few days before his Death, to be 
immediately Printed for the good 
of Souls. 

London : Printed for Tho. Park- 
hurst at the Bible and Three 
Crowns in Cheapside, 1692 [12°] 

Collation: Title-page — and pp. 46. 

*^* This little treatise has been re- 
printed by me — It was unknown to 
Calamy and all the Bibliographers appa- 
rently. See my Prefatory Note. 

CLI. Mr Richard Baxter's Pa- 
raphrase on the Psalms of David 
in metre, with other Hymns. Left 
fitted for the Press under his own 

Writings o''^ Richard Baxter. 


hand. Licensed June 2d 1692. 
London, Printed for Thomas Park- 
hurst at the Bible and Three 
Crowns in Cheapside near Mer- 
cers Chappel : and Jonathan Ro- 
binson at the Golden Lion in St 
Pauls Church-yard. 1692 [12°] 

Collation : Advertisement — Title-page 
— An Advertisement [' Epistle '] by Syl- 
vester pp. 4 — the Preface pp. 16 — Para- 
phrase, etc. pp. pp. 273 — Directions for 
the use and tuning of the Psalms pp. 

CLII. The Christian's Con- 
verse with God or the Insufficiency 
and Uncertainty of human Friend- 
ship and the improvement of Soli- 
tude in Converse with God : with 
some of the Author's breathings 
after him. By Richard Baxter. 
Recommended to the Reader's 
serious thoughts when at the house 
of mourning and in retirement. 
By Mr Matth. Silvester. Lon- 
don, Printed for John Salusbury 
at the Rising Sun over against the 
Royal Exchange in Cornhill. 1693 

Collation : Title-page — To the Reader 
pp. iii.-vii. — Contents pp. 2 — books pp. 2 
— Treatise [on John xvi. 52] pp. 167 — 
books I page. 

CLIII. Universal Redemption 
of Mankind by the Lord Jesus 
Christ : Stated and Cleared by the 
late Learned Mr Richard Baxter. 
Whereunto is added a short Ac- 
count of Special Redemption by 
the same Author. 

London, Printed for John Sa- 
lusbury at the Rising Sun in Corn- 
hill. 1694 [8°]. 

Collation : Title-page — Epistle Dedi- 
catory to Foleys and JoUifF pp. 2 signed 
Joseph Read — To the Reader by Mat- 
thew Sylvester i page — Another by Jo- 
seph Read pp. 3 — Treatise pp. 502 — 
Books printed for Salusbury pp. 4 and 
Errata i page — See ' Reliquiae ' [Lib. I 
P- 123.] 

CLIV. Reliqui^ Baxteri- 
AN^ : or Mr Richard Baxter's 
Narrative of the most Memorable 
Passages in his Life and Times. 

Faithfully publish'd from his own 
original Manuscript by Matthew 
Sylvester. London, Printed for 
T. Parkhurst, J. Robinson, J. 
Lawrence and J. Dunton. 1696 

Collation : Portrait by White— Title- 
page — Epistle Dedicatory to Sir Henry 
Ashurst pp. 2 — the Preface pp. 18— 
Contents pp. 6 — Lib. I. Pt. L and 11. pp. 
448 — Part II L pp. 200 — Appendix pp. 

\* Usually there follows Sylvester's 
Funeral Sermon for Baxter pp. 18 — 
— Index pp. 8. To all who would pos- 
sess themselves of a very jewel-case of 
original, penetrative, suggestive and 
affectionate criticism I commend Cole- 
ridge's Notes in the ' Reliquiae ' [Notes 
on English Divines pp. 5-1 19 edn. 1853.] 

CLV. Poetical Fragments : 
Heart-Imployment with God and 
Itself. The concordant discord of 
a broken-healed heart. Sorrow- 
ing-rejoicing, fearing-hoping, dy- 
ing-living. Written partly for 
himself and partly for near friends 
in sickness, and other deep afflic- 
tion. By Richard Baxter. Pub- 
lished for the Use of the Afflicted. 
The third edition. London, Print- 
ed for Tho. Parkhurst at the Bible 
and Three Crowns in Cheapside 
Mercers- Chappel. 1699 [12°]. 

Collation: Title-page — To the Reader 
pp. 6 — Poems pp. 158^ — books, etc. pp. 4. 

CLVI. Monthly Preparations 
for the Holy Communion. By 
R. B. To which is added Suit- 
able Meditations before, in, and 
after Receiving. With Divine 
Hymns in Common Tunes ; Fitted 
for Publick Congregations or Pri- 
vate Families. 

London ; Printed for Tho. Park- 
hurst at the Bible and Three 
Crowns, the lower end of Cheap - 
side. 1696 [18°]. 

Collation : Title-page — The Preface 
to the Reader by Matthew Sylvester pp. 
8 — Treatise pp. 172 — Books pubd. by 
Parkhurst pp. 7. 

CLVH. 'The Mother's Cate- 
chism or a Familiar way of Cate- 


Writings of Richard Baxter. 

chizing Children in the Knowledge 
of God, themselves and the Holy 
Scriptures. 1701. 8vo. Calamy : 
' Account' Vol. I. page 421. 

*x* I have not been able to see this 
except in the modern reprints e. g. in 
Practical Works Vol. IV. pp. 34-64 [4 
Vols, royal 8vo. 1838] : Preface by Syl- 

CLVIII. Short Meditations on 
Romans v. 1-5. 

'^^^ I have not seen this. It is given 
in * Practical Works ' 4 vols, royal 8vo. 
Vol. III. pp. 1063-1068] : also by Orme, 

CLIX. Of Redemption of 

*A(.* I have not met with this either. It 
is given as in CLVIII. [Vol. IV. pp. 1037- 
1042] : also by Orme. 

I^T Both of these, as above, are taken 
from the original collected edition of the 
* Practical Works ' 4 vols, folio 1707 : but 
are undated. I suspect they were 
' Epistles ' or ' Prefaces ' to books by 

CLX. and CLXI. I did not 
insert the following in their places 
because tiot having found either I 
am doubtful of their Baxterian 
authorship : — 

(i.) The invaluable Price of an 
Immortal Soul. London. 168 

(2. ) Preparations for Sufferings r 
a wSermon. London. 1683. 8°. 

These were once in Williams' 
Library : but have long been 
amissing. They appear in the 
Catalogue of 1841 [Vol. 11. ] sub 

As stated ante: Orme ex- 
tends his List to 168 but this he does by 
repeatedly giving component parts of a 
treatise as independent. [See under Nos. 
III., CXXXI., etc. etc., in our List]. 
This he did as merely copying from 
Calamy or Book-Catalogues. < He omits 
a number as well as inaccurately de- 
scribes those included. We correctly 
describe from actual copies all given 
by him: and others unknown to him 
and other Bibliographers. 'Our Pre- 
fatory Note ' explains that we hope to 
enumerate in a larger Work Baxter's 
* Prefaces ' or ' Epistles,' translations of 
his Writings, contemporary and later, 
the many volumes and tractates called 
forth in controversy with or concerning 
him, and of his Manuscripts. I have ear- 
nestly to request the co-operation of all 
lovers of Baxter in helping me to make 
this proposed . supplement as complete as 

ttt Baxter like Bunyan repudiates 
various publications that took his name, 
e.g. 'Rules and Directions for Family 
Duties,' etc. etc. etc. A copy of these 
'Rules' (a folio sheet) is in British 

Crawford &:^ M'Cabc, Printers, 7 George Street, Edinburgh. 

Books by the 

Prince's Road United Presbyterian Church, Liverpool. 

I. Original. 

1. Small Sins. 3d edn., with additions, royal i6mo, cloth antique, 

price IS. 6d., pp. 119. 

2. Jesus Mighty to Save.: or Christ for all the World and all the 

World for Christ. 3d edn., with additions, royal i6mo, cloth 
antique, pp. 204, price 2s. 

3. The Prince of Light and the Prince of Darkness in Conflict : or 

the Temptation of Jesus. Newly Translated, Explained, 
Illustrated and Applied. Crown 8vo, pp. xxxiv. and 360, 
price 5s. [New and much enlarged Edition in preparation.] 

4. The Lambs All Safe : or the Salvation of Children. 3d ed., with 

considerable additions, i8mo, cloth antique, price is. 

5. Drowned : a Sermon in Memorial of the Death by drowning inLoch- 

leven of Mr John Douglas. 3d edn. (3000) cr. 8vo, price 4d. 

6. The Blind Beggar by the Wayside : or Faith, Assurance and 

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7. Joining the Church : or Materials for Conversations between a 

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8. The Helper of Joy, 2d edn., i8mo, cloth antique, price is. 

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11. Tears or Consolation for 'The Poor in Spirit.' 

12. Sundays at Sea : or What God says of the Sea and Sailors. 

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13. Memoir of Richard Sibbes, D.D. 8vo {See below). 

14. Memoir of Thomas Brooks, author of 'Precious Remedies,' etc. 

etc. 8vo {See below). 

15. Memoir of Herbert Palmer, B. D. Zyo {See below). 

16. Memoir of Henry Airay, D.D. (prefixed to reprint of his Com- 

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\* 100 large paper copies, with Portrait and fac-simile, price 15s. 6d. 

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* Hymns,' etc. 

27. Hymns. {For private circulation). Royal 32mo. 

II. Edited. 

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34. The Grand Question Resolved — What must we do to be saved ? 

Instructions for a Holy Life : by the late Reverend Divine Mr 
Richard Baxter. Recommended to the Bookseller a few days 
before his death, to be immediately printed for the good of 
souls. 1692. 
*^* Unknown to Biographers and Bibliographers, cr. Svo. [See next]. 

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