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Full text of "Where angels fear to tread"

Angels Fear to Trea 



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A Novel 
by 



E. M. Forster 





PR 
6011 
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A Vintage Book V-61 



WHERE ANGELS 
FEAR TO TREAD 




WHERE ANGELS 
FEAR TO TREAD 



E. M. Forster 





VINTAGE BOOKS 

A DIVISION OF RANDOM HOUSE 

New York 



VINTAGE BOOKS 

are published by ALFRED A. KNOPF, me. 

and RANDOM HOUSE, me. 

Published in 1920. All rights reserved under International and Pan- 
American Copyright Conventions. Published in New York by Random 
House, Inc., and in Toronto, Canada, by Random House of Canada, 
Limited. 

MANUFACTURED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 



WHERE ANGELS 
FEAR TO TREAD 



CHAPTER I 



They were all at Charing Cross to see Lilia off 
Philip, Harriet, Irma, Mrs. Herriton herself. Even Mrs. 
Theobald, squired by Mr. Kingcroft, had braved the 
journey from Yorkshire to bid her only daughter good- 
bye. Miss Abbott was likewise attended by numerous 
relatives, and the sight of so many people talking at 
once and saying such different things caused Lilia to 
break into ungovernable peals of laughter. 

"Quite an ovation," she cried, sprawling out of her 
first-class carriage. "They'll take us for royalty. Oh, Mr. 
Kingcroft, get us footwarmers." 

The good-natured young man hurried away, and 
Philip, taking his place, flooded her with a final stream 
of advice and injunctions where to stop, how to 
learn Italian, when to use mosquito-nets, what pictures 
to look at. "Remember," he concluded, "that it is only 
by going off the track that you get to know the coun- 
try. See the little towns Gubbio, Pienza, Cortona, 



4 E. M. FORSTER 

San Gemignano, Monteriano. And don't, let me beg 
you, go with that awful tourist idea that Italy's only a 
museum of antiquities and art. Love and understand 
the Italians, for the people are more marvellous than 
the land." 

"How I wish you were coming, Philip," she said, 
flattered at the unwonted notice her brother-in-law 
was giving her. 

"I wish I were." He could have managed it without 
great difficulty, for his career at the Bar was not so in- 
tense as to prevent occasional holidays. But his family 
disliked his continual visits to the Continent, and he 
himself often found pleasure in the idea that he was 
too busy to leave town. 

"Good-bye, dear every one. What a whirl!" She 
caught sight of her little daughter Irma, and felt that a 
touch of maternal solemnity was required. "Good-bye, 
darling. Mind you're always good, and do what 
Granny tells you." 

She referred not to her own mother, but to her 
mother-in-law, Mrs. Herriton, who hated the title of 
Granny. 

Irma lifted a serious face to be kissed, and said cau- 
tiously, "I'll do my best." 

"She is sure to be good," said Mrs. Herriton, who 
was standing pensively a little out of the hubbub. But 
Lilia was already calling to Miss Abbott, a tall, grave, 
rather nice-looking young lady who was conducting 
her adieus in a more decorous manner on the platform. 

"Caroline, my Caroline! Jump in, or your chaperon 
will go off without you." 

And Philip, whom the idea of Italy always intoxi- 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 5 

cated, had started again, telling her of the supreme 
moments of her coming journey the Campanile of 
Airolo, which would burst on her when she emerged 
from the St. Gothard tunnel, presaging the future; the 
view of the Ticino and Lago Maggiore as the train 
climbed the slopes of Monte Cenere; the view of Lu- 
gano, the view of Como Italy gathering thick around 
her now the arrival at her first resting-place, when, 
after long driving through dark and dirty streets, she 
should at last behold, amid the roar of trams and the 
glare of arc lamps, the buttresses of the cathedral of 
Milan. 

"Handkerchiefs and collars," screamed Harriet, "in 
my inlaid box! I've lent you my inlaid box." 

"Good old Harry!" She kissed every one again, and 
there was a moment's silence. They all smiled steadily, 
excepting Philip, who was choking in the fog, and old 
Mrs. Theobald, who had begun to cry. Miss Abbott 
got into the carriage. The guard himself shut the door, 
and told Lilia that she would be all right. Then the 
train moved, and they all moved with it a couple of 
steps, and waved their handkerchiefs, and uttered 
cheerful little cries. At that moment Mr. Kingcroft re- 
appeared, carrying a footwarmer by both ends, as if 
it was a tea-tray. He was sorry that he was too late, and 
called out in a quivering voice, "Good-bye, Mrs. 
Charles. May you enjoy yourself, and may God bless 
you." 

Lilia smiled and nodded, and then the absurd posi- 
tion of the footwarmer overcame her, and she began 
to laugh again. 

"Oh, I am so sorry," she cried back, "but you do 



6 E. M. FORSTER 

look so funny. Oh, you all look so funny waving! Oh, 
pray!" And laughing helplessly, she was carried out 
into the fog. 

"High spirits to begin so long a journey," said Mrs. 
Theobald, dabbing her eyes. 

Mr. Kingcroft solemnly moved his head in token of 
agreement. "I wish," said he, "that Mrs. Charles had 
gotten the footwarmer. These London porters won't 
take heed to a country chap." 

"But you did your best," said Mrs. Herriton. "And 
I think it simply noble of you to have brought Mrs. 
Theobald all the way here on such a day as this." 
Then, rather hastily, she shook hands, and left him to 
take Mrs. Theobald all the way back. 

Sawston, her own home, was within easy reach of 
London, and they were not late for tea. Tea was in 
the dining-room, with an egg for Irma, to keep up the 
child's spirits. The house seemed strangely quiet after 
a fortnight's bustle, and their conversation was spas- 
modic and subdued. They wondered whether the trav- 
ellers had got to Folkestone, whether it would be at 
all rough, and if so what would happen to poor Miss 
Abbott. 

"And, Granny, when will the old ship get to Italy?" 
asked Irma. 

" 'Grandmother,' dear; not 'Granny,' " said Mrs, 
Herriton, giving her a kiss. "And we say 'a boat' or 'a 
steamer,' not 'a ship.' Ships have sails. And mother 
won't go all the way by sea. You look at the map of 
Europe, and you'll see why. Harriet, take her. Go with 
Aunt Harriet, and she'll show you the map." 

"Righto!" said the little girl, and dragged the 
reluctant Harriet into the library. Mrs. Herriton and 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 7 

her son were left alone. There was immediately con- 
fidence between them. 

"Here beginneth the New Life," said Philip. 

"Poor child, how vulgar!" murmured Mrs. Herriton. 
"It's surprising that she isn't worse. But she has got a 
look of poor Charles about her." 

"And alas, alas! a look of old Mrs. Theobald. 
What appalling apparition was that! I did think the 
lady was bedridden as well as imbecile. Why ever did 
she come?" 

"Mr. Kingcroft made her. I am certain of it. He 
wanted to see Lilia again, and this was the only way." 

"I hope he is satisfied. I did not think my sister-in- 
law distinguished herself in her farewells." 

Mrs. Herriton shuddered. "I mind nothing, so long 
as she has gone and gone with Miss Abbott. It is 
mortifying to think that a widow of thirty-three re- 
quires a girl ten years younger to look after her." 

"I pity Miss Abbott. Fortunately one admirer is 
chained to England. Mr. Kingcroft cannot leave the 
crops or the climate or something. I don't think, 
either, he improved his chances today. He, as well as 
Lilia, has the knack of being absurd in public." 

Mrs. Herriton replied, "When a man is neither well 
bred, nor well connected, nor handsome, nor clever, 
nor rich, even Lilia may discard him in time." 

"No. I believe she would take any one. Right up to 
the last, when her boxes were packed, she was 'playing' 
the chinless curate. Both the curates are chinless, but 
hers had the dampest hands. I came on them in the 
Park. They were speaking of the Pentateuch." 

"My dear boy! If possible, she has got worse and 
worse. It was your idea of Italian travel that saved us!" 



8 E. M. FORSTER 

Philip brightened at the little compliment. "The 
odd part is that she was quite eager always asking 
me for information; and of course I was very glad to 
give it. I admit she is a Philistine, appallingly ignorant, 
and her taste in art is false. Still, to have any taste at 
all is something. And I do believe that Italy really puri- 
fies and ennobles all who visit her. She is the school as 
well as the playground of the world. It is really 
to Lilia's credit that she wants to go there." 

"She would go anywhere," said his mother, who had 
heard enough of the praises of Italy. "I and Caroline 
Abbott had the greatest difficulty in dissuading her 
from the Riviera." 

"No, mother; no. She was really keen on Italy. This 
travel is quite a crisis for her." He found the situation 
full of whimsical romance: there was something half 
attractive, half repellent in the thought of this vulgar 
woman journeying to places he loved and revered. 
Why should she not be transfigured? The same had 
happened to the Goths. 

Mrs. Herriton did not believe in romance nor in 
transfiguration, nor in parallels from history, nor in 
anything else that may disturb domestic life. She 
adroitly changed the subject before Philip got excited. 
Soon Harriet returned, having given her lesson in geog- 
raphy. Irma went to bed early, and was tucked up by 
her grandmother. Then the two ladies worked and 
played cards. Philip read a book. And so they all settled 
down to their quiet, profitable existence, and con- 
tinued it without interruption through the winter. 
- It was now nearly ten years since Charles had fallen 
in love with Lilia Theobald because she was pretty, 
and during that time Mrs. Herriton had hardly known 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 9 

a moment's rest. For six months she schemed to pre- 
vent the match, and when it had taken place she 
turned to another task the supervision of her 
daughter-in-law. Lilia must be pushed through life 
without bringing discredit on the family into which 
she had married. She was aided by Charles, by her 
daughter Harriet, and, as soon as he was old enough, 
by the clever one of the family, Philip. The birth of 
Irma made things still more difficult. But fortunately 
old Mrs. Theobald, who had attempted interference, 
began to break up. It was an effort to her to leave 
Whitby, and Mrs. Herriton discouraged the effort as far 
as possible. (That curious duel which is fought over 
every baby was fought and decided early. Irma be- 
longed to her father's family, not to her mother's.) 

Charles died, and the struggle recommenced. Lilia 
tried to assert herself, and said that she should go to 
take care of Mrs. Theobald. It required all Mrs. Herri- 
ton's kindness to prevent her. A house was finally 
taken for her at Sawston, and there for three years she 
lived with Irma, continually subject to the refining in- 
fluences of her late husband's family. 

During one of her rare Yorkshire visits trouble be- 
gan again. Lilia confided to a friend that she liked a 
Mr. Kingcroft extremely, but that she was not exactly 
engaged to him. The news came round to Mrs. Herri- 
ton, who at once wrote, begging for information, and 
pointing out that Lilia must either be engaged or not, 
since no intermediate state existed. It was a good let- 
ter, and flurried Lilia extremely. She left Mr. King- 
croft without even the pressure of a rescue-party. She 
cried a great deal on her return to Sawston, and said 
she was very sorry. Mrs. Herriton took the opportunity 



1O E. M. FORSTER 

of speaking more seriously about the duties of widow- 
hood and motherhood than she had ever done before. 
But somehow things never went easily after. Lilia 
would not settle down in her place among Sawston 
matrons. She was a bad housekeeper, always in the 
throes of some domestic crisis, which Mrs. Herriton, 
who kept her servants for years, had to step across and 
adjust. She let Irma stop away from school for insuf- 
ficient reasons, and she allowed her to wear rings. She 
learnt to bicycle, for the purpose of waking the place 
up, and coasted down the High Street one Sunday 
evening, falling off at the turn by the church. If she 
had not been a relative, it would have been entertain- 
ing. But even Philip, who in theory loved outraging 
English conventions, rose to the occasion, and gave 
her a talking which she remembered to her dying day. 
It was just then, too, that they discovered that she still 
allowed Mr. Kingcroft to write to her "as a gentle- 
man friend," and to send presents to Irma. 

Philip thought of Italy, and the situation was saved. 
Caroline, charming, sober, Caroline Abbott, who lived 
two turnings away, was seeking a companion for a 
year's travel. Lilia gave up her house, sold half her 
furniture, left the other half and Irma with Mrs. Her- 
riton, and had now departed, amid universal approval, 
for a change of scene. 

She wrote to them frequently during the winter 
more frequently than she wrote to her mother. Her 
letters were always prosperous. Florence she found 
perfectly sweet, Naples a dream, but very whiffy. In 
Rome one had simply to sit still and feel. Philip, how- 
ever, declared that she was improving. He was par- 
ticularly gratified when in the early spring she began 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 11 

to visit the smaller towns that he had recommended. 
"In a place like this/' she wrote, "one really does feel 
in the heart of things, and off the beaten track. Look- 
ing out of a Gothic window every morning, it seems 
impossible that the middle ages have passed away." 
The letter was from Monteriano, and concluded with 
a not unsuccessful description of the wonderful little 
town. 

"It is something that she is contented/' said Mrs. 
Herriton. "But no one could live three months with 
Caroline Abbott and not be the better for it." 

Just then Irma came in from school, and she read 
her mother's letter to her, carefully correcting any 
grammatical errors, for she was a loyal supporter of 
parental authority. Irma listened politely, but soon 
changed the subject to hockey, in which her whole 
being was absorbed. They were to vote for colours 
that afternoon yellow and white or yellow and green. 
What did her grandmother think? 

Of course Mrs. Herriton had an opinion, which she 
sedately expounded, in spite of Harriet, who said that 
colours were unnecessary for children, and of Philip, 
who said that they were ugly. She was getting proud 
of Irma, who had certainly greatly improved, and 
could no longer be called that most appalling of 
things a vulgar child. She was anxious to form her 
before her mother returned. So she had no objection 
to the leisurely movements of the travellers, and even 
suggested that they should overstay their year if it 
suited them. 

Lilia's next letter was also from Monteriano, and 
Philip grew quite enthusiastic. 

"They've stopped there over a week!" he cried. 



12 E. M. FORSTER 

"Why! I shouldn't have done as much myself. They 
must be really keen, for the hotel's none too comfort- 
able." 

"I cannot understand people/' said Harriet. "What 
can they be doing all day? And there is no church 
there, I suppose." 

"There is Santa Deodata, one of the most beautiful 
churches in Italy." 

"Of course I mean an English church," said Harriet 
stiffly. "Lilia promised me that she would always be 
in a large town on Sundays." 

"If she goes to a service at Santa Deodata's, she will 
find more beauty and sincerity than there is in all the 
Back Kitchens of Europe." 

The Back Kitchen was his nickname for St. James's, 
a small depressing edifice much patronized by his sis- 
ter. She always resented any slight on it, and Mrs. Her- 
riton had to intervene. 

"Now, dears, don't. Listen to Lilia's letter. 'We love 
this place, and I do not know how I shall ever thank 
Philip for telling me it. It is not only so quaint, but 
one sees the Italians unspoiled in all their simplicity 
and charm here. The frescoes are wonderful. Caroline, 
who grows sweeter every day, is very busy sketching.' " 

"Every one to his taste!" said Harriet, who always 
delivered a platitude as if it was an epigram. She was 
curiously virulent about Italy, which she had never 
visited, her only experience of the Continent being an 
occasional six weeks in the Protestant parts of Switzer- 
land. 

"Oh, Harriet is a bad lot!" said Philip as soon as she 
left the room. His mother laughed, and told him not 
to be naughty; and the appearance of Irma, just off to 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 13 

school, prevented further discussion. Not only in 
Tracts is a child a peacemaker. 

"One moment, Irma," said her uncle. "I'm going to 
the station. I'll give you the pleasure of my company." 

They started together. Irma was gratified; but con- 
versation flagged, for Philip had not the art of talking 
to the young. Mrs. Herri ton sat a little longer at the 
breakfast table, re-reading Lilia's letter. Then she 
helped the cook to clear, ordered dinner, and started 
the housemaid turning out the drawing-room, Tues- 
day being its day. The weather was lovely, and she 
thought she would do a little gardening, as it was 
quite early. She called Harriet, who had recovered from 
the insult to St. James's, and together they went to 
the kitchen garden and began to sow some early veg- 
etables. 

"We will save the peas to the last; they are the 
greatest fun," said Mrs. Herriton, who had the gift of 
making work a treat. She and her elderly daughter al- 
ways got on very well, though they had not a great 
deal in common. Harriet's education had been almost 
too successful. As Philip once said, she had "bolted all 
the cardinal virtues and couldn't digest them." 
Though pious and patriotic, and a great moral asset 
for the house, she lacked that pliancy and tact which 
her mother so much valued, and had expected her to 
pick up for herself. Harriet, if she had been allowed, 
would have driven Lilia to an open rupture, and, what 
was worse, she would have done the same to Philip 
two years before, when he returned full of passion for 
Italy, and ridiculing Sawston and its ways. 

"It's a shame, mother!" she had cried. "Philip 
laughs at everything the Book Club, the Debating 



14 E. M. FORSTER 

Society, the Progressive Whist, the bazaars. People 
won't like it. We have our reputation. A house divided 
against itself cannot stand." 

Mrs. Herriton replied in the memorable words, "Let 
Philip say what he likes, and he will let us do what we 
like/' And Harriet had acquiesced. 

They sowed the duller vegetables first, and a pleas- 
ant feeling of righteous fatigue stole over them as 
they addressed themselves to the peas. Harriet 
stretched a string to guide the row straight, and Mrs. 
Herriton scratched a furrow with a pointed stick. At 
the end of it she looked at her watch. 

"It's twelve! The second post's in. Run and see if 
there are any letters." 

Harriet did not want to go. "Let's finish the peas. 
There won't be any letters." 

"No, dear; please go. I'll sow the peas, but you 
shall cover them up and mind the birds don't see 
'em!" 

Mrs. Herriton was very careful to let those peas 
trickle evenly from her hand, and at the end of the 
row she was conscious that she had never sown better. 
They were expensive too. 

"Actually old Mrs. Theobald!" said Harriet, return- 
ing. 

"Read me the letter. My hands are dirty. How in- 
tolerable the crested paper is." 

Harriet opened the envelope. 

"I don't understand," she said; "it doesn't make 



sense." 



"Her letters never did." 

"But it must be sillier than usual," said Harriet, and 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 15 

her voice began to quaver. "Look here, read it, 
mother; I can't make head or tail." 

Mrs. Herriton took the letter indulgently. "What is 
the difficulty?" she said after a long pause. "What is 
it that puzzles you in this letter?" 

"The meaning " faltered Harriet. The sparrows 

hopped nearer and began to eye the peas. 

"The meaning is quite clear Lilia is engaged to be 
married. Don't cry, dear; please me by not crying 
don't talk at all. It's more than I could bear. She is go- 
ing to marry some one she has met in a hotel. Take 
the letter and read for yourself." Suddenly she broke 
down over what might seem a small point. "How dare 
she not tell me direct! How dare she write first 
to Yorkshire! Pray, am I to hear through Mrs. Theo- 
bald a patronizing, insolent letter like this? Have I 
no claim at all? Bear witness, dear" she choked with 
passion "bear witness that for this I'll never forgive 
her!" 

"Oh, what is to be done?" moaned Harriet. "What 
is to be done?" 

"This first!" She tore the letter into little pieces and 
scattered it over the mould. "Next, a telegram for 
Lilia! No! a telegram for Miss Caroline Abbott. She, 
too, has something to explain." 

"Oh, what is to be done?" repeated Harriet, as she 
followed her mother to the house. She was helpless 
before such effrontery. What awful thing what awful 
person had come to Lilia? "Some one in the hotel." 
The letter only said that. What kind of person? A gen- 
tleman? An Englishman? The letter did not say. 

"Wire reason of stay at Monteriano. Strange ru- 



l6 E. M. FORSTER 

mours," read Mrs. Herriton, and addressed the tele- 
gram to Abbott, Stella d'ltalia, Monteriano, Italy. "If 
there is an office there," she added, "we might get an 
answer this evening. Since Philip is back at seven, and 
the eight-fifteen catches the midnight boat at Dover 

Harriet, when you go with this, get 100 in 

5 notes at the bank." 

"Go, dear, at once; do not talk. I see Irma coming 
back; go quickly. . . . Well, Irma dear, and whose 
team are you in this afternoon Miss Edith's or Miss 
May's?" 

But as soon as she had behaved as usual to her 
grand-daughter, she went to the library and took out 
the large atlas, for she wanted to know about Mon- 
teriano. The name was in the smallest print, in the 
midst of a woolly-brown tangle of hills which were 
called the "Sub- Apennines." It was not so very far 
from Siena, which she had learnt at school. Past it 
there wandered a thin black line, notched at intervals 
like a saw, and she knew that this was a railway. But 
the map left a good deal to imagination, and she had 
not got any. She looked up the place in "Childe 
Harold," but Byron had not been there. Nor did Mark 
Twain visit it in the "Tramp Abroad." The resources 
of literature were exhausted: she must wait till Philip 
came home. And the thought of Philip made her try 
Philip's room, and there she found "Central Italy," by 
Baedeker, and opened it for the first time in her life 
and read in it as follows : 

Monteriano (pop. 4800). Hotels: Stella d'ltalia, moderate 
only; Globo, dirty. * Gaffe Garibaldi. Post and Tele- 
graph office in Corso Vittorio Emmanuele, next to 
theatre. Photographs at Seghena's (cheaper in Florence). 
Diligence (i lira) meets principal trains. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 17 

Chief attractions (2-3 hours): Santa Deodata, Palazzo 
Pubblico, Sant' Agostino, Santa Caterina, Sant' Am- 
brogio, Palazzo Capocchi. Guide (2 lire) unnecessary. 
A walk round the Walls should on no account be 
omitted. The view from the Rocca (small gratuity) is 
finest at sunset. 

History: Monteriano, the Mons Rianus of Antiquity, 
whose Ghibelline tendencies are noted by Dante (Purg. 
xx.), definitely emancipated itself from Poggibonsi in 
'261. Hence the distich, "Poggibom'zzi, fatti in la, che 
Monteriano si fa citta!" till recently enscribed over the 
Siena gate. It remained independent till 1530, when 
it was sacked by the Papal troops and became part of 
the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. It is now of small im- 
portance, and seat of the district prison. The inhabitants 
are still noted for their agreeable manners. 



The traveller will proceed direct from the Siena gate 
to the Collegiate Church of Santa Deodata, and inspect 
(5th chapel on right) the charming * Frescoes. ... 

Mrs. Herriton did not proceed. She was not one to 
detect the hidden charms of Baedeker. Some of the 
information seemed to her unnecessary, all of it was 
dull. Whereas Philip could never read "The view from 
the Rocca (small gratuity) is finest at sunset" without 
a catching at the heart. Restoring the book to its place, 
she went downstairs, and looked up and down the as- 
phalt paths for her daughter. She saw her at last, two 
turnings away, vainly trying to shake off Mr. Abbott, 
Miss Caroline Abbott's father. Harriet was always un- 
fortunate. At last she returned, hot, agitated, crackling 
with bank-notes, and Irma bounced to greet her, and 
trod heavily on her corn. 

"Your feet grow larger every day," said the agonized 
Harriet, and gave her niece a violent push. Then Irma 
cried, and Mrs. Herriton was annoyed with Harriet for 
betraying irritation. Lunch was nasty; and during pud- 



l8 E. M. FORSTER 

ding news arrived that the cook, by sheer dexterity, 
had broken a very vital knob off the kitchen-range. "It 
is too bad/' said Mrs. Herriton. Irma said it was three 
bad, and was told not to be rude. After lunch Harriet 
would get out Baedeker, and read in injured tones 
about Monteriano, the Mons Rianus of Antiquity, till 
her mother stopped her. 

"It's ridiculous to read, dear. She's not trying to 
many any one in the place. Some tourist, obviously, 
who's stopping in the hotel. The place has nothing to 
do with it at all." 

"But what a place to go to! What nice person, too, 
do you meet in a hotel?" 

"Nice or nasty, as I have told you several times be- 
fore, is not the point. Lilia has insulted our family, 
and she shall suffer for it. And when you speak against 
hotels, I think you forget that I met your father at 
Chamounix. You can contribute nothing, dear, at 
present, and I think you had better hold your tongue. 
I am going to the kitchen, to speak about the range." 

She spoke just too much, and the cook said that if 
she could not give satisfaction she had better leave. A 
small thing at hand is greater than a great thing re- 
mote, and Lilia, misconducting herself upon a moun- 
tain in Central Italy, was immediately hidden. Mrs. 
Herriton flew to a registry office, failed; flew to an- 
other, failed again; came home, was told by the house- 
maid that things seemed so unsettled that she had 
better leave as well; had tea, wrote six letters, was in- 
terrupted by cook and housemaid, both weeping, ask- 
ing her pardon, and imploring to be taken back. In the 
flush of victory the door-bell rang, and there was the 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 19 

telegram: "Lilia engaged to Italian nobility. Writing. 
Abbott." 

"No answer/' said Mrs. Herriton. "Get down Mr. 
Philip's Gladstone from the attic." 

She would not allow herself to be frightened by the 
unknown. Indeed she knew a little now. The man was 
not an Italian noble, otherwise the telegram would 
have said so. It must have been written by Lilia. None 
but she would have been guilty of the fatuous vul- 
garity of "Italian nobility." She recalled phrases of this 
morning's letter: "We love this place Caroline is 
sweeter than ever, and busy sketching Italians full 
of simplicity and charm." And the remark of Baedeker, 
"The inhabitants are still noted for their agreeable 
manners," had a baleful meaning now. If Mrs. Herri- 
ton had no imagination, she had intuition, a more use- 
ful quality, and the picture she made to herself of 
Lilia's fiance did not prove altogether wrong. 

So Philip was received with the news that he must 
start in half an hour for Monteriano. He was in a 
painful position. For three years he had sung the 
praises of the Italians, but he had never contemplated 
having one as a relative. He tried to soften the thing 
down to his mother, but in his heart of hearts he 
agreed with her when she said, "The man may be a 
duke or he may be an organ-grinder. That is not the 
point. If Lilia marries him she insults the memory of 
Charles, she insults Irma, she insults us. Therefore I 
forbid her, and if she disobeys we have done with her 
for ever." 

"I will do all I can," said Philip in a low voice. It 
was the first time he had had anything to do. He 



20 E. M. FORSTER 

kissed his mother and sister and puzzled Irma. The 
hall was warm and attractive as he looked back into it 
from the cold March night, and he departed for Italy 
reluctantly, as for something commonplace and dull. 

Before Mrs. Herriton went to bed she wrote to Mrs. 
Theobald, using plain language about Lilia's conduct, 
and hinting that it was a question on which every one 
must definitely choose sides. She added, as if it was an 
afterthought, that Mrs. Theobald's letter had arrived 
that morning. 

Just as she was going upstairs she remembered that 
she never covered up those peas. It upset her more 
than anything, and again and again she struck the 
banisters with vexation. Late as it was, she got a lan- 
tern from the tool-shed and went down the garden to 
rake the earth over them. The sparrows had taken 
every one. But countless fragments of the letter re- 
mained, disfiguring the tidy ground. 



CHAPTER II 

When the bewildered tourist alights at the station of 
Monteriano, he finds himself in the middle of the 
country. There are a few houses round the railway, and 
many more dotted over the plain and the slopes of the 
hills, but of a town, mediaeval or otherwise, not the 
slightest sign. He must take what is suitably termed a 
"legno" a piece of wood and drive up eight miles 
of excellent road into the middle ages. For it is im- 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 21 

possible, as well as sacrilegious, to be as quick as Bae- 
deker. 

It was three in the afternoon when Philip left the 
realms of common-sense. He was so weary with trav- 
elling that he had fallen asleep in the train. His fellow- 
passengers had the usual Italian gift of divination, and 
when Monteriano came they knew he wanted to go 
there, and dropped him out. His feet sank into the hot 
asphalt of the platform, and in a dream he watched 
the train depart, while the porter who ought to have 
been carrying his bag, ran up the line playing touch- 
you-last with the guard. Alas! he was in no humour for 
Italy. Bargaining for a legno bored him unutterably. 
The man asked six lire; and though Philip knew that 
for eight miles it should scarcely be more than four, 
yet he was about to give what he was asked, and so 
make the man discontented and unhappy for the rest 
of the day. He was saved from this social blunder by 
loud shouts, and looking up the road saw one cracking 
his whip and waving his reins and driving two horses 
furiously, and behind him there appeared the swaying 
figure of a woman, holding star-fish fashion on to any- 
thing she could touch. It was Miss Abbott, who had 
just received his letter from Milan announcing the 
time of his arrival, and had hurried down to meet him. 

He had known Miss Abbott for years, and had never 
had much opinion about her one way or the other. 
She was good, quiet, dull, and amiable, and young 
only because she was twenty-three: there was nothing 
in her appearance or manner to suggest the fire of 
youth. All her life had been spent at Sawston with a 
dull and amiable father, and her pleasant, pallid face^ 



22 E. M. FORSTER 

bent on some respectable charity, was a familiar object 
of the Sawston streets. Why she had ever wished to 
leave them was surprising; but as she truly said, "I am 
John Bull to the backbone, yet I do want to see Italy, 
just once. Everybody says it is marvellous, and that one 
gets no idea of it from books at all." The curate sug- 
gested that a year was a long time; and Miss Abbott, 
with decorous playfulness, answered him, "Oh, but 
you must let me have my fling! I promise to have it 
once, and once only. It will give me things to think 
about and talk about for the rest of my life." The cu- 
rate had consented; so had Mr. Abbott. And here she 
was in a legno, solitary, dusty, frightened, with as much 
to answer and to answer for as the most dashing ad- 
venturess could desire. 

They shook hands without speaking. She made room 
for Philip and his luggage amidst the loud indignation 
of the unsuccessful driver, whom it required the com- 
bined eloquence of the station-master and the station 
beggar to confute. The silence was prolonged until 
they started. For three days he had been considering 
what he should do, and still more what he should say. 
He had invented a dozen imaginary conversations, in 
all of which his logic and eloquence procured him cer- 
tain victory. But how to begin? He was in the enemy's 
country, and everything the hot sun, the cold air be- 
hind the heat, the endless rows of olive-trees, regular yet 
mysterious seemed hostile to the placid atmosphere 
of Sawston in which his thoughts took birth. At the 
outset he made one great concession. If the match was 
really suitable, and Lilia were bent on it, he would give 
in, and trust to his influence with his mother to set 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 23 

things right. He would not have made the concession 
in England; but here in Italy, Lilia, however wilful and 
silly, was at all events growing to be a human being. 

"Are we to talk it over now?" he asked. 

"Certainly, please," said Miss Abbott, in great agi- 
tation. "If you will be so very kind." 

"Then how long has she been engaged?" 

Her face was that of a perfect fool a fool in terror. 

"A short time quite a short time," she stammered, 
as if the shortness of the time would reassure him. 

"I should like to know how long, if you can remem- 
ber." 

She entered into elaborate calculations on her fin- 
gers. "Exactly eleven days," she said at last. 

"How long have you been here?" 

More calculations, while he tapped irritably with 
his foot. "Close on three weeks." 

"Did you know him before you came?" 

"No." 

"Oh! Who is he?" 

"A native of the place." 

The second silence took place. They had left the 
plain now and were climbing up the outposts of the 
hills, the olive-trees still accompanying. The driver, a 
jolly fat man, had got out to ease the horses, and was 
walking by the side of the carriage. 

"I understood they met at the hotel." 

"It was a mistake of Mrs. Theobald's." 

"I also understand that he is a member of the 
Italian nobility." 

She did not reply. 

"May I be told his name?" 



24 E. M. FORSTER 

Miss Abbott whispered "Carella." But the driver 
heard her, and a grin split over his face. The engage- 
ment must be known already. 

"Carella? Conte or Marchese, or what?" 

"Signor," said Miss Abbott, and looked helplessly 
aside. 

"Perhaps I bore you with these questions. If so, I 
will stop." 

"Oh, no, please; not at all. I am here my own idea 
to give all information which you very naturally 
and to see if somehow please ask anything you like." 

"Then how old is he?" 

"Oh, quite young. Twenty-one, I believe." 

There burst from Philip the exclamation, "Good 
Lord!" 

"One would never believe it," said Miss Abbott, 
flushing. "He looks much older." 

"And is he good-looking?" he asked, with gathering 
sarcasm. 

She became decisive. "Very good-looking. All his 
features are good, and he is well built though I dare 
say English standards would find him too short." 

Philip, whose one physical advantage was his height, 
felt annoyed at her implied indifference to it. 

"May I conclude that you like him?" 

She replied decisively again, "As far as I have seen 
him, I do." 

At that moment the carriage entered a little wood, 
.which lay brown and sombre across the cultivated hill. 
The trees of the wood were small and leafless, but no- 
ticeable for this that their stems stood in violets as 
rocks stand in the summer sea. There are such violets 
in England, but not so many. Nor are there so many 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 25 

in Art, for no painter has the courage. The cart-ruts 
were channels, the hollow lagoons; even the dry white 
margin of the road was splashed, like a causeway soon 
to be submerged under the advancing tide of spring. 
Philip paid no attention at the time: he was thinking 
what to say next. But his eyes had registered the 
beauty, and next March he did not forget that the 
road to Monteriano must traverse innumerable flowers. 

"As far as I have seen him, I do like him," repeated 
Miss Abbott, after a pause. 

He thought she sounded a little defiant, and crushed 
her at once. 

"What is he, please? You haven't told me that. 
What's his position?" 

She opened her mouth to speak, and no sound came 
from it. Philip waited patiently. She tried to be au- 
dacious, and failed pitiably. 

"No position at all. He is kicking his heels, as my 
father would say. You see, he has only just finished his 
military service." 

"As a private?" 

"I suppose so. There is general conscription. He was 
in the Bersaglieri, I think. Isn't that the crack regi- 
ment?" 

"The men in it must be short and broad. They must 
also be able to walk six miles an hour." 

She looked at him wildly, not understanding all that 
he said, but feeling that he was very clever. Then she 
continued her defence of Signor Carella. 

"And now, like most young men, he is looking out 
for something to do." 

"Meanwhile?" 

"Meanwhile, like most young men, he lives with his 



26 E. M. FORSTER 

people father, mother, two sisters, and a tiny tot of 
a brother." 

There was a grating sprightliness about her that 
drove him nearly mad. He determined to silence her 
at last. 

"One more question, and only one more. What is 
his father?" 

"His father," said Miss Abbott. "Well, I don't sup- 
pose you'll think it a good match. But that's not the 
point. I mean the point is not I mean that social 
differences love, after all not but what " 

Philip ground his teeth together and said nothing. 
V "Gentlemen sometimes judge hardly. But I feel that 
you, and at all events your mother so really good in 
every sense, so really unworldly after all, love mar- 
riages are made in heaven." 

"Yes, Miss Abbott, I know. But I am anxious to 
hear heaverx's choice. You arouse my curiosity. Is my 
sister-in-law to marry an angel?" 

"Mr. Herriton, don't please, Mr. Herriton a den- 
tist. His father's a dentist." 

Philip gave a cry of personal disgust and pain. He 
shuddered all over, and edged away from his com- 
panion. A dentist! A dentist at Monteriano. A dentist 
in fairyland! False teeth and laughing gas and the tilt- 
ing chair at a place which knew the Etruscan League, 
and the Pax Romana, and Alaric himself, and the 
Countess Matilda, and the Middle Ages, all fighting 
and holiness, and the Renaissance, all fighting and 
beauty! He thought of Lilia no longer. He was anxious 
for himself: he feared that Romance might die. 

Romance only dies with life. No pair of pincers will 
ever pull it out of us. But there is a spurious senti- 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 27 

ment which cannot resist the unexpected and the 
incongruous and the grotesque. A touch will loosen it, 
and the sooner it goes from us the better. It was going 
from Philip now, and therefore he gave the cry of pain. 

"I cannot think what is in the air," he began. "If 
Lilia was determined to disgrace us, she might have 
found a less repulsive way. A boy of medium height 
with a pretty face, the son of a dentist at Monteri- 
ano. Have I put it correctly? May I surmise that he 
has not got one penny? May I also surmise that his 
social position is nil? Furthermore " 

"Stop! I'll tell you no more." 

"Really, Miss Abbott, it is a little late for reticence. 
You have equipped me admirably!" 

"I'll tell you not another word!" she cried, with a 
spasm of terror. Then she got out her handkerchief, 
and seemed as if she would shed tears. After a silence, 
which he intended to symbolize to her the dropping 
of a curtain on the scene, he began to talk of other 
subjects. 

They were among olives again, and the wood with 
its beauty and wildness had passed away. But as they 
climbed higher the country opened out, and there ap- 
peared, high on a hill to the right, Monteriano. The 
hazy green of the olives rose up to its walls, and it 
seemed to float in isolation between trees and sky, 
like some fantastic ship city of a dream. Its colour was 
brown, and it revealed not a single house nothing 
but the narrow circle of the walls, and behind them 
seventeen towers all that was left of the fifty-two 
that had filled the city in her prime. Some were only 
stumps, some were inclining stiffly to their fall, some 
were still erect, piercing like masts into the blue. It 



28 E. M. FORSTER 

was impossible to praise it as beautiful, but it was also 
impossible to damn it as quaint. 

Meanwhile Philip talked continually, thinking this 
to be great evidence of resource and tact. It showed 
Miss Abbott that he had probed her to the bottom, 
but was able to conquer his disgust, and by sheer 
force of intellect continue to be as agreeable and 
amusing as ever. He did not know that he talked a 
good deal of nonsense, and that the sheer force of his 
intellect was weakened by the sight of Monteriano, 
and by the thought of dentistry within those walls. 

The town above them swung to the left, to the 
right, to the left again, as the road wound upward 
through the trees, and the towers began to glow in 
the descending sun. As they drew near, Philip saw the 
heads of people gathering black upon the walls, and 
he knew well what was happening how the news was 
spreading that a stranger was in sight, and the beggars 
were aroused from their content and bid to adjust 
their deformities; how the alabaster man was running 
for his wares, and the Authorized Guide running for 
his peaked cap and his two cards of recommendation 
one from Miss M'Gee, Maida Vale, the other, less 
valuable, from an Equerry to the Queen of Peru; 
how some one else was running to tell the landlady of 
the Stella d'ltalia to put on her pearl necklace and 
brown boots and empty the slops from the spare bed- 
room; and how the landlady was running to tell Lilia 
and her boy that their fate was at hand. 

Perhaps it was a pity Philip had talked so pro- 
fusely. He had driven Miss Abbott half demented, 
but he had given himself no time to concert a plan. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 29 

The end came so suddenly. They emerged from the 
trees on to the terrace before the walk, with the vision 
of half Tuscany radiant in the sun behind them, and 
then they turned in through the Siena gate, and their 
journey was over. The Dogana men admitted them 
with an air of gracious welcome, and they clattered up 
the narrow dark street, greeted by that mixture of 
curiosity and kindness which makes each Italian ar- 
rival so wonderful. 

He was stunned and knew not what to do. At the 
hotel he received no ordinary reception. The landlady 
wrung him by the hand; one person snatched his um- 
brella, another his bag; people pushed each other out 
of his way. The entrance seemed blocked with a 
crowd. Dogs were barking, bladder whistles being 
blown, women waving their handkerchiefs, excited 
children screaming on the stairs, and at the top of the 
stairs was Lilia herself, very radiant, with her best 
blouse on. 

"Welcome!" she cried. "Welcome to Monteriano!" 
He greeted her, for he did not know what else to do, 
and a sympathetic murmur rose from the crowd be- 
low. 

"You told me to come here," she continued, "and 
I don't forget it. Let me introduce Signor Carella!" 

Philip discerned in the corner behind her a young 
man who might eventually prove handsome and well- 
made, but certainly did not seem so then. He was half 
enveloped in the drapery of a cold dirty curtain, and 
nervously stuck out a hand, which Philip took and 
found thick and damp. There were more murmurs of 
approval from the stairs. 



3O E. M. FORSTER 

"Well, din-din's nearly ready/' said Lilia. "Your 
room's down the passage, Philip. You needn't go 
changing." 

He stumbled away to wash his hands, utterly 
crushed by her effrontery. 

"Dear Caroline!" whispered Lilia as soon as he had 
gone. "What an angel you've been to tell him! He 
takes it so well. But you must have had a mauvais 
quart d'heure" 

Miss Abbott's long terror suddenly turned into acid- 
ity. "I've told nothing," she snapped. "It's all for you 
and if it only takes a quarter of an hour you'll be 
lucky!" 

Dinner was a nightmare. They had the smelly din- 
ing-room to themselves. Lilia, very smart and vocifer- 
ous, was at the head of the table; Miss Abbott, also 
in her best, sat by Philip, looking, to his irritated 
nerves, more like the tragedy confidante every mo- 
ment. That scion of the Italian nobility, Signer Car- 
ella, sat opposite. Behind him loomed a bowl of gold- 
fish, who swam round and round, gaping at the 
guests. 

The face of Signer Carella was twitching too much 
for Philip to study it. But he could see the hands, 
which were not particularly clean, and did not get 
cleaner by fidgeting amongst the shining slabs of hair. 
His starched cuffs were not clean either, and as for his 
suit, it had obviously been bought for the occasion as 
something really English a gigantic check, which did 
not even fit. His handkerchief he had forgotten, but 
never missed it. Altogether, he was quite unpresent- 
able, and very lucky to have a father who was a 
dentist in Monteriano. And why, even Lilia But 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 31 

as soon as the meal began it furnished Philip with an 
explanation. 

For the youth was hungry, and his lady filled his 
plate with spaghetti, and when those delicious slip- 
pery worms were flying down his throat, his face re- 
laxed and became for a moment unconscious and 
calm. And Philip had seen that face before in Italy a 
hundred times seen it and loved it, for it was not 
merely beautiful, but had the charm which is the 
rightful heritage of all who are born on that soil. But 
he did not want to see it opposite him at dinner. It 
was not the face of a gentleman. 

Conversation, to give it that name, was carried on 
in a mixture of English and Italian. Lilia had picked 
up hardly any of the latter language, and Signor 
Carella had not yet learnt any of the former. Occa- 
sionally Miss Abbott had to act as interpreter between 
the lovers, and the situation became uncouth and 
revolting in the extreme. Yet Philip was too cowardly 
to break forth and denounce the engagement. He 
thought he should be more effective with Lilia if he 
had her alone, and pretended to himself that he must 
hear her defence before giving judgment. 

Signor Carella, heartened by the spaghetti and the 
throat-rasping wine, attempted to talk, and, looking 
politely towards Philip, said, "England is a great coun- 
try. The Italians love England and the English." 

Philip, in no mood for international amenities, 
merely bowed. 

"Italy too," the other continued a little resentfully, 
"is a great country. She has produced many famous 
men for example Garibaldi and Dante. The latter 
wrote the 'Inferno/ the Turgatorio/ the Taradiso/ 



32 E. M. FORSTER 

The 'Inferno' is the most beautiful." And with the 
complacent tone of one who has received a solid edu- 
cation, he quoted the opening lines 

Nel mezzo del cammin di nostra vita 
Mi ritrovai per una selva oscura 
Che la diritta via era smarrita 

a quotation which was more apt than he supposed. 

Lilia glanced at Philip to see whether he noticed 
that she was marrying no ignoramus. Anxious to ex- 
hibit all the good qualities of her betrothed, she 
abruptly introduced the subject of pallone, in which, 
it appeared, he was a proficient player. He suddenly 
became shy and developed a conceited grin the grin 
of the village yokel whose cricket score is mentioned 
before a stranger. Philip himself had loved to watch 
pallone, that entrancing combination of lawn-tennis 
and fives. But he did not expect to love it quite so 
much again. 

"Oh, look!" exclaimed Lilia, "the poor wee fish!" 

A starved cat had been worrying them all for 
pieces of the purple quivering beef they were trying 
to swallow. Signer Carella, with the brutality so com- 
mon in Italians, had caught her by the paw and flung 
her away from him. Now she had climbed up to the 
bowl and was trying to hook out the fish. He got up, 
drove her off, and finding a large glass stopper by the 
bowl, entirely plugged up the aperture with it. 

"But may not the fish die?" said Miss Abbott. 
"They have no air." 

"Fish live on water, not on air," he replied in a 
knowing voice, and sat down. Apparently he was at 
his ease again, for he took to spitting on the floor. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 33 

Philip glanced at Lilia but did not detect her wincing. 
She talked bravely till the end of the disgusting meal, 
and then got up saying, 'Well, Philip, I am sure you 
are ready for by-bye. We shall meet at twelve o'clock 
lunch tomorrow, if we don't meet before. They give 
us caffe later in our rooms." 

It was a little too impudent. Philip replied, "I 
should like to see you now, please, in my room, as I 
have come all the way on business." He heard 
Miss Abbott gasp. Signer Carella, who was lighting a 
rank cigar, had not understood. 

It was as he expected. When he was alone with Lilia 
he lost all nervousness. The remembrance of his long 
intellectual supremacy strengthened him, and he be- 
gan volubly 

"My dear Lilia, don't let's have a scene. Before I 
arrived I thought I might have to question you. It is 
unnecessary. I know everything. Miss Abbott has told 
me a certain amount, and the rest I see for myself." 

"See for yourself?" she exclaimed, and he remem- 
bered afterwards that she had flushed crimson. 

"That he is probably a ruffian and certainly a cad." 

"There are no cads in Italy," she said quickly. 

He was taken aback. It was one of his own remarks. 
And she further upset him by adding, "He is the son 
of a dentist. Why not?" 

"Thank you for the information. I know everything, 
as I told you before. I am also aware of the social posi- 
tion of an Italian who pulls teeth in a minute pro- 
vincial town." 

He was not aware of it, but he ventured to conclude 
that it was pretty low. Nor did Lilia contradict him. 
But she was sharp enough to say, "Indeed, Philip, you 



34 E. M. FORSTER 

surprise me. I understood you went in for equality and 
so on." 

"And I understood that Signer Carella was a mem- 
ber of the Italian nobility." 

"Well, we put it like that in the telegram so as not 
to shock dear Mrs. Herriton. But it is true. He is a 
younger branch. Of course families ramify just as in 
yours there is your cousin Joseph." She adroitly picked 
out the only undesirable member of the Herriton 
clan. "Gino's father is courtesy itself, and rising rap- 
idly in his profession. This very month he leaves 
Monteriano, and sets up at Poggibonsi. And for my 
own poor part, I think what people are is what mat- 
ters, but I don't suppose you'll agree. And I should 
like you to know that Gino's uncle is a priest the 
same as a clergyman at home." 

Philip was aware of the social position of an Italian 
priest, and said so much about it that Lilia inter- 
rupted him with, "Well, his cousin's a lawyer at 
Rome." 

"What kind of 'lawyer'?" 

"Why, a lawyer just like you are except that he 
has lots to do and can never get away." 

The remark hurt more than he cared to show. He 
changed his method, and in a gentle, conciliating tone 
delivered the following speech: 

"The whole thing is like a bad dream so bad 
that it cannot go on. If there was one redeeming fea- 
ture about the man I might be uneasy. As it is I can 
trust to time. For the moment, Lilia, he has taken 
you in, but you will find him out soon. It is not pos- 
sible that you, a lady, accustomed to ladies and gen- 
tlemen, will tolerate a man whose position is well,. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 35 

not equal to the son of the servants' dentist in Coro- 
nation Place. I am not blaming you now. But I blame 
the glamour of Italy I have felt it myself, you know 
and I greatly blame Miss Abbott." 

"Caroline! Why blame her? What's all this to do 
with Caroline?" 

"Because we expected her to " He saw that the 

answer would involve him in difficulties, and, waving 
his hand, continued, "So I am confident, and you in 
your heart agree, that this engagement will not last. 
Think of your life at home think of Irma! And I'll 
also say think of us; for you know, Lilia, that we count 
you more than a relation. I should feel I was losing 
my own sister if you did this, and my mother would 
lose a daughter." 

She seemed touched at last, for she turned away 
her face and said, "I can't break it off now!" 

"Poor Lilia," said he, genuinely moved. "I know it 
may be painful. But I have come to rescue you, and, 
book-worm though I may be, I am not frightened to 
stand up to a bully. He's merely an insolent boy. He 
thinks he can keep you to your word by threats. He 
will be different when he sees he has a man to deal 
with." 

What follows should be prefaced with some simile 
the simile of a powder-mine, a thunderbolt, an 
earthquake for it blew Philip up in the air and flat- 
tened him on the ground and swallowed him up in 
the depths. Lilia turned on her gallant defender and 
said 

"For once in my life I'll thank you to leave me 
alone. I'll thank your mother too. For twelve years 
you've trained me and tortured me, and I'll stand it 



36 E. M. FORSTER 

no more. Do you think I'm a fool? Do you think I 
never felt? Ah! when I came to your house a poor 
young bride, how you all looked me over never a 
kind word and discussed me, and thought I might 
just do; and your mother corrected me, and your sister 
snubbed me, and you said funny things about me to 
show how clever you were! And when Charles died I 
was still to run in strings for the honour of your 
beastly family, and I was to be cooped up at Sawston 
and learn to keep house, and all my chances spoilt of 
marrying again. No, thank you! No, thank you! 
'Bully?' 'Insolent boy?' Who's that, pray, but you? 
But, thank goodness, I can stand up against the world 
now, for I've found Gino, and this time I marry for 
love!" 

The coarseness and truth of her attack alike over- 
whelmed him. But her supreme insolence found him 
words, and he too burst forth. 

"Yes! and I forbid you to do it! You despise me, 
perhaps, and think I'm feeble. But you're mistaken. 
You are ungrateful and impertinent and contemptible, 
but I will save you in order to save Irma and our name. 
There is going to be such a row in this town that you 
and he'll be sorry you came to it. I shall shrink from 
nothing, for my blood is up. It is unwise of you to 
laugh. I forbid you to marry Carella, and I shall tell 
him so now." 

"Do," she cried. "Tell him so now. Have it out with 
him. Gino! Gino! Come in! Avanti! Fra Filippo for- 
bids the banns!" 

Gino appeared so quickly that he must have been 
listening outside the door. 

"Fra Filippo's blood's up. He shrinks from nothing. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 37 

Oh, take care he doesn't hurt you!" She swayed 
about in vulgar imitation of Philip's walk, and then, 
with a proud glance at the square shoulders of her be- 
trothed, flounced out of the room. 

Did she intend them to fight? Philip had no in- 
tention of doing so; and no more, it seemed, had Gino, 
who stood nervously in the middle of the room with 
twitching lips and eyes. 

"Please sit down, Signer Carella," said Philip in 
Italian. "Mrs. Herriton is rather agitated, but there is 
no reason we should not be calm. Might I offer you a 
cigarette? Please sit down." 

He refused the cigarette and the chair, and re- 
mained standing in the full glare of the lamp. Philip, 
not averse to such assistance, got his own face into 
shadow. 

For a long time he was silent. It might impress 
Gino, and it also gave him time to collect himself. He 
would not this time fall into the error of blustering, 
which he had caught so unaccountably from Lilia. He 
would make his power felt by restraint. 

Why, when he looked up to begin, was Gino con- 
vulsed with silent laughter? It vanished immediately; 
but he became nervous, and was even more pompous 
than he intended. 

"Signer Carella, I will be frank with you. I have 
come to prevent you marrying Mrs. Herriton, because 
I see you will both be unhappy together. She is Eng- 
lish, you are Italian; she is accustomed to one thing, 
you to another. And pardon me if I say it she is 
rich and you are poor." 

"I am not marrying her because she is rich/' was 
the sulky reply. 



38 E. M. FORSTER 

"I never suggested that for a moment/' said Philip 
courteously. "You are honourable, I am sure; but are 
you wise? And let me remind you that we want her 
with us at home. Her little daughter will be mother- 
less, our home will be broken up. If you grant my re- 
quest you will earn our thanks and you will not be 
without a reward for your disappointment." 

"Reward what reward?" He bent over the back of 
a chair and looked earnestly at Philip. They were com- 
ing to terms pretty quickly. Poor Lilia! 

Philip said slowly, "What about a thousand lire?" 

His soul went forth into one exclamation, and then 
he was silent, with gaping lips. Philip would have 
given double: he had expected a bargain. 

"You can have them tonight." 

He found words, and said, "It is too late." 

"But why?" 

"Because " His voice broke. Philip watched 

his face, a face without refinement perhaps, but not 
without expression, watched it quiver and re-form 
and dissolve from emotion into emotion. There was 
avarice at one moment, and insolence, and politeness, 
and stupidity, and cunning and let us hope that 
sometimes there was love. But gradually one emo- 
tion dominated, the most unexpected of all; for his 
chest began to heave and his eyes to wink and his 
mouth to twitch, and suddenly he stood erect and 
roared forth his whole being in one tremendous laugh. 

Philip sprang up, and Gino, who had flung wide his 
arms to let the glorious creature go, took him by the 
shoulders and shook him, and said, "Because we are 
married married married as soon as I knew you 
were coming. There was no time to tell you. Oh, oh! 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 39 

You have come all the way for nothing. Oh! And oh, 
your generosity!" Suddenly he became grave, and 
said, "Please pardon me; I am rude. I am no better 

than a peasant, and I " Here he saw Philip's face, 

and it was too much for him. He gasped and exploded 
and crammed his hands into his mouth and spat them 
out in another explosion, and gave Philip an aimless 
push, which toppled him on to the bed. He uttered a 
horrified Oh! and then gave up, and bolted away 
down the passage, shrieking like a child, to tell the 
joke to his wife. 

For a time Philip lay on the bed, pretending to 
himself that he was hurt grievously. He could scarcely 
see for temper, and in the passage he ran against Miss 
Abbott, who promptly burst into tears. 

"I sleep at the Globo," he told her, "and start for 
Sawston tomorrow morning early. He has assaulted me. 
I could prosecute him. But shall not." 

"I can't stop here," she sobbed. "I daren't stop 
here. You will have to take me with you!" 



CHAPTER III 

Opposite the Volterra gate of Monteriano, outside 
the city, is a very respectable white-washed mud wall, 
with a coping of red crinkled tiles to keep it from dis- 
solution. It would suggest a gentleman's garden if 
there was not in its middle a large hole, which grows 
larger with every rain-storm. Through the hole is vis- 
ible, firstly, the iron gate that is intended to close it; 



40 E. M. FORSTER 

secondly, a square piece of ground which, though not 
quite mud, is at the same time not exactly grass; and 
finally, another wall, stone this time, which has a 
wooden door in the middle and two wooden-shut- 
tered windows each side, and apparently forms the 
fagade of a one-storey house. 

This house is bigger than it looks, for it slides for 
two storeys down the hill behind, and the wooden 
door, which is always locked, really leads into the at- 
tic. The knowing person prefers to follow the precipi- 
tous mule-track round the turn of the mud wall till 
he can take the edifice in the rear. Then being now 
on a level with the cellars he lifts up his head and 
shouts. If his voice sounds like something light a let- 
ter, for example, or some vegetables, or a bunch of 
flowers a basket is let out of the first-floor windows 
by a string, into which he puts his burdens and de- 
parts. But if he sounds like something heavy, such as a 
log of wood, or a piece of meat, or a visitor, he is in- 
terrogated, and then bidden or forbidden to ascend. 
The ground floor and the upper floor of that bat- 
tered house are alike deserted, and the inmates keep 
to the central portion, just as in a dying body all life 
retires to the heart. There is a door at the top of the 
first flight of stairs, and if the visitor is admitted he 
will find a welcome which is not necessarily cold. There 
are several rooms, some dark and mostly stuffy a re- 
ception-room adorned with horsehair chairs, wool- 
work stools, and a stove that is never lit German bad 
taste without German domesticity broods over that 
room; also a living-room, which insensibly glides into 
a bedroom when the refining influence of hospitality 
is absent, and real bedrooms; and last, but not least, 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 41 

the loggia, where you can live day and night if you feel 
inclined, drinking vermouth and smoking cigarettes, 
with leagues of olive-trees and vineyards and blue- 
green hills to watch you. 

It was in this house that the brief and inevitable 
tragedy of Lilia's married life took place. She made 
Gino buy it for her, because it was there she had first 
seen him sitting on the mud wall that faced the Vol- 
terra gate. She remembered how the evening sun had 
struck his hair, and how he had smiled down at her, 
and being both sentimental and unrefined, was deter- 
mined to have the man and the place together. Things 
in Italy are cheap for an Italian, and, though he 
would have preferred a house in the piazza, or better 
still a house at Siena, or, bliss above bliss, a house at 
Leghorn, he did as she asked, thinking that perhaps 
she showed her good taste in preferring so retired an 
abode. 

The house was far too big for them, and there was a 
general concourse of his relatives to fill it up. His fa- 
ther wished to make it a patriarchal concern, where 
all the family should have their rooms and meet to- 
gether for meals, and was perfectly willing to give up 
the new practice at Poggibonsi and preside. Gino was 
quite willing too, for he was an affectionate youth who 
liked a large home-circle, and he told it as a pleasant 
bit of news to Lilia, who did not attempt to conceal 
'her horror. 

At once he was horrified too; saw that the idea was 
monstrous; abused himself to her for having suggested 
it; rushed off to tell his father that it was impossible. 
His father complained that prosperity was already cor- 
rupting him and making him unsympathetic and hard; 



42 E. M. FORSTER 

his mother cried; his sisters accused him of blocking 
their social advance. He was apologetic, and even 
cringing, until they turned on Lilia. Then he turned 
on them, saying that they could not understand, much 
less associate with, the English lady who was his wife; 
that there should be one master in that house him- 
self. 

Lilia praised and petted him on his return, calling 
him brave and a hero and other endearing epithets. 
But he was rather blue when his clan left Monteri- 
ano in much dignity a dignity which was not at all 
impaired by the acceptance of a cheque. They took 
the cheque not to Poggibonsi, after all, but to Empoli 
a lively, dusty town some twenty miles off. There 
they settled down in comfort, and the sisters said they 
had been driven to it by Gino. 

The cheque was, of course, Lilia's, who was ex- 
tremely generous, and was quite willing to know any- 
body so long as she had not to live with them, rela- 
tions-in-law being on her nerves. She liked nothing 
better than finding out some obscure and distant con- 
nection there were several of them and acting the 
lady bountiful, leaving behind her bewilderment, and 
too often discontent. Gino wondered how it was that all 
his people, who had formerly seemed so pleasant, had 
suddenly become plaintive and disagreeable. He put 
it down to his lady-wife's magnificence, in comparison 
with which all seemed common. Her money flew 
apace, in spite of the cheap living. She was even 
richer than he expected; and he remembered with 
shame how he had once regretted his inability to ac- 
cept the thousand lire that Philip Herriton offered 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 43 

him in exchange for her. It would have been a short- 
sighted bargain. 

Lilia enjoyed settling into the house, with nothing 
to do except give orders to smiling workpeople, and a 
devoted husband as interpreter. She wrote a jaunty 
account of her happiness to Mrs. Herri ton, and Har- 
riet answered the letter, saying (i) that all future 
communications should be addressed to the solicitors; 
( 2 ) would Lilia return an inlaid box which Harriet had 
lent her but not given to keep handkerchiefs and 
collars in? 

"Look what I am giving up to live with you!" she 
said to Gino, never omitting to lay stress on her con- 
descension. He took her to mean the inlaid box, and 
said that she need not give it up at all. 

"Silly fellow, no! I mean the life. Those Herritons 
are very well connected. They lead Sawston society. 
But what do I care, so long as I have my silly fellow!" 
She always treated him as a boy, which he was, and as 
a fool, which he was not, thinking herself so immeas- 
urably superior to him that she neglected opportunity 
after opportunity of establishing her rule. He was 
good-looking and indolent; therefore he must be 
stupid. He was poor; therefore he would never dare to 
criticize his benefactress. He was passionately in love 
with her; therefore she could do exactly as she liked. 

"It mayn't be heaven below," she thought, "but it's 
better than Charles." 

And all the time the boy was watching her, and 
growing up. 

She was reminded of Charles by a disagreeable let- 
ter from the solicitors, bidding her disgorge a large 



44 E. M. FORSTER 

sum of money for Irma, in accordance with her late 
husband's will. It was just like Charles's suspicious 
nature to have provided against a second marriage. 
Gino was equally indignant, and between them they 
composed a stinging reply, which had no effect. He 
then said that Irma had better come out and live with 
them. "The air is good, so is the food; she will be 
happy here, and we shall not have to part with the 
money." But Lilia had not the courage even to sug- 
gest this to the Herritons, and an unexpected terror 
seized her at the thought of Irma or any English child 
being educated at Monteriano. 

Gino became terribly depressed over the solicitors' 
letter, more depressed than she thought necessary. 
There was no more to do in the house, and he spent 
whole days in the loggia leaning over the parapet 
or sitting astride it disconsolately. 

"Oh, you idle boy!" she cried, pinching his muscles. 
"Go and play pallone." 

"I am a married man," he answered, without raising 
his head. "I do not play games any more." 

"Go and see your friends then." 

"I have no friends now." 

"Silly, silly, silly! You can't stop indoors all day!" 

"I want to see no one but you." He spat on to an 
olive-tree. 

"Now, Gino, don't be silly. Go and see your friends, 
and bring them to see me. We both of us like society." 

He looked puzzled, but allowed himself to be per- 
suaded, went out, found that he was not as friend- 
less as he supposed, and returned after several hours 
in altered spirits. Lilia congratulated herself on her 
good management. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 45 

"I'm ready, too, for people now," she said. "I mean 
to wake you all up, just as I woke up Sawston. Let's 
have plenty of men and make them bring their 
womenkind. I mean to have real English tea-parties." 

"There is my aunt and her husband; but I thought 
you did not want to receive my relatives." 

"I never said such a " 

"But you would be right," he said earnestly. "They 
are not for you. Many of them are in trade, and even 
we are little more; you should have gentlefolk and 
nobility for your friends." 

"Poor fellow," thought Lilia. "It is sad for him to 
discover that his people are vulgar." She began to tell 
him that she loved him just for his silly self, and he 
flushed and began tugging at his moustache. 

"But besides your relatives I must have other peo- 
ple here. Your friends have wives and sisters, haven't 
they?" 

"Oh, yes; but of course I scarcely know them." 

"Not know your friends' people?" 

"Why, no. If they are poor and have to work for 
their living I may see them but not otherwise. Ex- 
cept " He stopped. The chief exception was a 

young lady, to whom he had once been introduced 
for matrimonial purposes. But the dowry had proved 
inadequate, and the acquaintance terminated. 

"How funny! But I mean to change all that. Bring 
your friends to see me, and I will make them bring 
their people." 

He looked at her rather hopelessly. 

"Well, who are the principal people here? Who leads 
society?" 

The governor of the prison, he supposed, and the 



46 E. M. FORSTER 

officers who assisted him. 

"Well, are they married?" 

"Yes." 

"There we are. Do you know them?" 

"Yes in a way." 

"I see," she exclaimed angrily. "They look down on 
you, do they, poor boy? Wait!" He assented. "Wait! 
Fll soon stop that. Now, who else is there?" 

"The marchese, sometimes, and the canons of the 
Collegiate Church." 

"Married?" 

"The canons " he began with twinkling eyes. 

"Oh, I forgot your horrid celibacy. In England they 
would be the centre of everything. But why shouldn't 
I know them? Would it make it easier if I called all 
round? Isn't that your foreign way?" 

He did not think it would make it easier. 

"But I must know some one! Who were the men 
you were talking to this afternoon?" 

Low-class men. He could scarcely recollect their 
names. 

"But, Gino dear, if they're low class, why did you 
talk to them? Don't you care about your position?" 

All Gino cared about at present was idleness and 
pocket-money, and his way of expressing it was to ex- 
claim, "Ouf pouf! How hot it is in here. No air; I 
sweat all over. I expire. I must cool myself, or I shall 
never get to sleep." In his funny abrupt way he ran 
out on to the loggia, where he lay full length on the 
parapet, and began to smoke and spit under the si- 
lence of the stars. 

Lilia gathered somehow from this conversation that 
Continental society was not the go-as-you-please 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 47 

thing she had expected. Indeed she could not see 
where Continental society wasfjtaly is such a delight- 
ful place to live in if you happen to be a man. There 
one may enjoy that exquisite luxury of Socialism 
that true Socialism which is based not on equality of 
income or character, but on the equality of manners. 
In the democracy of the caffe or the street the great 
question of our life has been solved, and the brother- 
hood of man is a reality. JBut is accomplished at the 
expense of the sisterhood of women. Why should 
you not make friends with your neighbour at the 
theatre or in the train, when you know and he knows 
that feminine criticism and feminine insight and 
feminine prejudice will never come between you? 
Though you become as David and Jonathan, you 
need never enter his home, nor he yours. All your 
lives you will meet under the open air, the only roof- 
tree of the South, under which he will spit and swear, 
and you will drop your h's, and nobody will think the 
worse of either. 

Meanwhile the women they have, of course, their 
house and their church, with its admirable and 
frequent services, to which they are escorted by the 
maid. Otherwise they do not go out much, for it is 
not genteel to walk, and you are too poor to keep 
a carriage. Occasionally you will take them to the caffe 
or theatre, and immediately all your wonted acquaint- 
ance there desert you, except those few who are ex- 
pecting and expected to marry into your family. It is 
all very sad. But one consolation emerges life is 
very pleasant in Italy if you are a man. 

Hitherto Gino had not interfered with Lilia. She 
was so much older than he was, and so much richer, 



48 E. M. FORSTER 

that he regarded her as a superior being who answered 
to other laws. He was not wholly surprised, for strange 
rumours were always blowing over the Alps of lands 
where men and women had the same amusements and 
interests, and he had often met that privileged maniac, 
the lady tourist, on her solitary walks. Lilia took soli- 
tary walks too, and only that week a tramp had 
grabbed at her watch an episode which is supposed 
to be indigenous in Italy, though really less frequent 
there than in Bond Street. Now that he knew her bet- 
ter, he was inevitably losing his awe: no one could 
live with her and keep it, especially when she had been 
so silly as to lose a gold watch and chain. As he lay 
thoughtful along the parapet, he realized for the first 
time the responsibilities of married life. He must save 
her from dangers, physical and social, for after all she 
was a woman. "And I," he reflected, "though I am 
young, am at all events a man, and know what is 
right." 

He found her still in the living-room, combing her 
hair, for she had something of the slattern in her na- 
ture, and there was no need to keep up appearances. 

"You must not go out alone," he said gently. "It 
is not safe. If you want to walk, Perfetta shall accom- 
pany you." Perfetta was a widowed cousin, too hum- 
ble for social aspirations, who was living with them 
as factotum. 

"Very well," smiled Lilia, "very well" as if she 
were addressing a solicitous kitten. But for all that she 
never took a solitary walk again, with one exception, 
till the day of her death. 

Days passed, and no one called except poor rela- 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 49 

tives. She began to feel dull. Didn't he know the Sin- 
daco or the bank manager? Even the landlady of the 
Stella d'ltalia would be better than no one. She, 
when she went into the town, was pleasantly re- 
ceived; but people naturally found a difficulty in get- 
ting on with a lady who could not learn their language. 
And the tea-party, under Gino's adroit management, 
receded ever and ever before her. 

He had a good deal of anxiety over her welfare, for 
she did not settle down in the house at all. But he was 
comforted by a welcome and unexpected visitor. As 
he was going one afternoon for the letters they were 
delivered at the door, but it took longer to get them 
at the office some one humorously threw a cloak over 
his head, and when he disengaged himself he saw his 
very dear friend Spiridione Tesi of the custom-house 
at Chiasso, whom he had not met for two years. 
What joy! what salutations! so that all the passers-by 
smiled with approval on the amiable scene. Spiri- 
dione's brother was now station-master at Bologna, 
and thus he himself could spend his holiday travelling 
over Italy at the public expense. Hearing of Gino's 
marriage, he had come to see him on his way to Siena, 
where lived his own uncle, lately married too. 

"They all do it," he exclaimed, "myself excepted." 
He was not quite twenty-three. "But tell me more. 
She is English. That is good, very good. An English 
wife is very good indeed. And she is rich?" 

"Immensely rich." 

"Blonde or dark?" 

"Blonde." 

"Is it possible!" 



5O E. M. FORSTER 

"It pleases me very much/' said Gino simply. "If 
you remember, I always desired a blonde." Three or 
four men had collected, and were listening. 

"We all desire one/' said Spiridione. "But you, 
Gino, deserve your good fortune, for you are a good 
son, a brave man, and a true friend, and from the very 
first moment I saw you I wished you well." 

"No compliments, I beg," said Gino, standing with 
his hands crossed on his chest and a smile of pleasure 
on his face. 

Spiridione addressed the other men, none of whom 
he had ever seen before. "Is it not true? Does not he 
deserve this wealthy blonde?" 

"He does deserve her," said all the men. 

It is a marvellous land, where you love it or hate it. 

There were no letters, and of course they sat down 
at the Gaffe Garibaldi, by the Collegiate Church- 
quite a good caffe that for so small a city. There were 
marble-topped tables, and pillars terra-cotta below and 
gold above, and on the ceiling was a fresco of the bat- 
tle of Solferino. One could not have desired a prettier 
room. They had vermouth and little cakes with sugar 
on the top, which they chose gravely at the counter, 
pinching them first to be sure they were fresh. And 
though vermouth is barely alcoholic, Spiridione 
drenched his with soda-water to be sure that it should 
not get into his head. 

They were in high spirits, and elaborate compli- 
ments alternated curiously with gentle horseplay. But 
soon they put up their legs on a pair of chairs and be- 
gan to smoke. 

"Tell me," said Spiridione "I forgot to ask is she 
young?" 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 51 

"Thirty-three." 

"Ah, well, we cannot have everything." 

"But you would be surprised. Had she told me 
twenty-eight, I should not have disbelieved her." 

"Is she simpatica?" (Nothing will translate that 
word.) 

Gino dabbed at the sugar and said after a silence, 
''Sufficiently so." 

"It is a most important thing." 

"She is rich, she is generous, she is affable, she ad- 
dresses her inferiors without haughtiness." 

There was another silence. "It is not sufficient," 
said the other. "One does not define it thus." He low- 
ered his voice to a whisper. "Last month a German 
was smuggling cigars. The custom-house was dark. 
Yet I refused because I did not like him. The gifts of 
such men do not bring happiness. Non era simpatico. 
He paid for every one, and the fine for deception be- 
sides." 

"Do you gain much beyond your pay?" asked Gino, 
diverted for an instant. 

"I do not accept small sums now. It is not worth 
the risk. But the German was another matter. But lis- 
ten, my Gino, for I am older than you and more full 
of experience. The person who understands us at first 
sight, who never irritates us, who never bores, to 
whom we can pour forth every thought and wish, not 
only in speech but in silence that is what I mean by 
simpatico! 7 

"There are such men, I know," said Gino. "And I 
have heard it said of children. But where will you find 
such a woman?" 

"That is true. Here you are wiser than I. Sono 



52 E. M. FORSTER 

poco simpatiche le donne. And the time we waste 
over them is much." He sighed dolefully, as if he found 
the nobility of his sex a burden. 

"One I have seen who may be so. She spoke very 
little, but she was a young lady different to most. 
She, too, was English, the companion of my wife here. 
But Fra Filippo, the brother-in-law, took her back 
with him. I saw them start. He was very angry." 

Then he spoke of his exciting and secret marriage, 
and they made fun of the unfortunate Philip, who 
had travelled over Europe to stop it. 

"I regret though," said Gino, when they had fin- 
ished laughing, "that I toppled him on to the bed. A 
great tall man! And when I am really amused I am 
often impolite." 

"You will never see him again," said Spiridione, 
who carried plenty of philosophy about him. "And 
by now the scene will have passed from his mind." 

"It sometimes happens that such things are recol- 
lected longest. I shall never see him again, of course; 
but it is no benefit to me that he should wish me ill. 
And even if he has forgotten, I am still sorry that I 
toppled him on to the bed." 

So their talk continued, at one moment full of 
childishness and tender wisdom, the next moment 
scandalously gross. The shadows of the terra-cotta pil- 
lars lengthened, and tourists, flying through the 
Palazzo Pubblico opposite, could observe how the 
Italians wasted time. 

The sight of tourists reminded Gino of something 
he might say. "I want to consult you since you are 
so kind as to take an interest in my affairs. My wife 
wishes to take solitary walks." 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 53 

Spiridione was shocked. 

"But I have forbidden her." 

"Naturally." 

"She does not yet understand. She asked me to 
accompany her sometimes to walk without object! 
You know, she would like me to be with her all day." 

"I see, I see." He knitted his brows and tried to 
think how he could help his friend. "She needs em- 
ployment. Is she a Catholic?" 

"No." 

"That is a pity. She must be persuaded. It will be a 
great solace to her when she is alone." 

"I am a Catholic, but of course I never go to 
church." 

"Of course not. Still, you might take her at first. 
That is what my brother has done with his wife at 
Bologna and he has joined the Free Thinkers. He took 
her once or twice himself, and now she has acquired 
the habit and continues to go without him." 

"Most excellent advice, and I thank you for it. But 
she wishes to give tea-parties men and women to- 
gether whom she has never seen." 

"Oh, the English! they are always thinking of tea. 
They carry it by the kilogramme in their trunks, and 
they are so clumsy that they always pack it at the top. 
But it is absurd!" 

"What am I to do about it?" 

"Do nothing. Or ask me!" 

"Come!" cried Gino, springing up. "She will be 
quite pleased." 

The dashing young fellow coloured crimson. "Of 
course I was only joking." 

"I know. But she wants me to take my friends. 



54 E. M. FORSTER 

Come now! Waiter!" 

"If I do come/' cried the other, "and take tea with 
you, this bill must be my affair." 

"Certainly not; you are in my country!" 

A long argument ensued, in which the waiter took 
part, suggesting various solutions. At last Gino tri- 
umphed. The bill came to eightpence-halfpenny, and 
a halfpenny for the waiter brought it up to nine- 
pence. Then there was a shower of gratitude on one 
side and of deprecation on the other, and when cour- 
tesies were at their height they suddenly linked arms 
and swung down the street, tickling each other with 
lemonade straws as they went. 

Lilia was delighted to see them, and became more 
animated than Gino had known her for a long time. 
The tea tasted of chopped hay, and they asked to be 
allowed to drink it out of a wine-glass, and refused 
milk; but, as she repeatedly observed, this was some- 
thing like. Spiridione's manners were very agreeable. 
He kissed her hand on introduction, and as his pro- 
fession had taught him a little English, conversation 
did not flag. 

"Do you like music?" she asked. 

"Passionately," he replied. "I have not studied 
scientific music, but the music of the heart, yes." 

So she played on the humming piano very badly, 
and he sang, not so badly. Gino got out a guitar and 
sang too, sitting out on the loggia. It was a most agree- 
able visit. 

Gino said he would just walk his friend back to his 
lodgings. As they went he said, without the least 
trace of malice or satire in his voice, "I think you are 
quite right. I shall not bring people to the house any 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 55 

more. I do not see why an English wife should be 
treated differently. This is Italy." 

"You are very wise," exclaimed the other; "very wise 
indeed. The more precious a possession the more care- 
fully it should be guarded." 

They had reached the lodging, but went on as far 
as the Gaffe Garibaldi, where they spent a long and 
most delightful evening. 



CHAPTER IV 

The advance of regret can be so gradual that it is im- 
possible to say "yesterday I was happy, today I am 
not." At no one moment did Lilia realize that her 
marriage was a failure; yet during the summer and 
autumn she became as unhappy as it was possible for 
her nature to be. She had no unkind treatment, and 
few unkind words, from her husband. He simply left 
her alone. In the morning he went out to do "busi- 
ness," which, as far as she could discover, meant sit- 
ting in the Farmacia. He usually returned to lunch, 
after which he retired to another room and slept. In 
the evening he grew vigorous again, and took the air 
on the ramparts, often having his dinner out, and sel- 
dom returning till midnight or later. There were, of 
course, the times when he was away altogether at 
Empoli, Siena, Florence, Bologna for he delighted in 
travel, and seemed to pick up friends all over the 
country. Lilia often heard what a favourite he was. 
She began to see that she must assert herself, but 



56 E. M. FORSTER 

she could not see how. Her self-confidence, which had 
overthrown Philip, had gradually oozed away. If she 
left the strange house there was the strange little town, 
she were to disobey her husband and walk in the 
country, that would be stranger still vast slopes of 
olives and vineyards, with chalk-white farms, and in 
the distance other slopes, with more olives and more 
farms, and more little towns outlined against the 
cloudless sky. "I don't call this country," she would 
say. "Why, it's not as wild as Sawston Park!" And, in- 
deed, there was scarcely a touch of wildness in it 
some of those slopes had been under cultivation for 
two thousand years. But it was terrible and mysteri- 
ous all the same, and its continued presence made 
Lilia so uncomfortable that she forgot her nature and 
began tojreflect j 

She reflected chiefly about her marriage. The cere- 
mony had been hasty and expensive, and the rites, 
whatever they were, were not those of the Church of 
England. Lilia had no religion in her; but for hours at 
a time she would be seized with a vulgar fear that she 
was not "married properly," and that her social posi- 
tion in the next world might be as obscure as it was 
in this. It might be safer to do the thing thoroughly, 
and one day she took the advice of Spiridione and 
joined the Roman Catholic Church, or as she called 
it, "Santa Deodata's." Gino approved; he, too, 
thought it safer, and it was fun confessing, though the 
priest was a stupid old man, and the whole thing was 
a good slap in the face for the people at home. 

The people at home took the slap very soberly; in- 
deed, there were few left for her to give it to. The Her- 
ritons were out of the question; they would not even 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 57 

let her write to Irma, though Irma was occasionally 
allowed to write to her. Mrs. Theobald was rapidly 
subsiding into dotage, and, as far as she could be def- 
inite about anything, had definitely sided with the 
Herritons. And Miss Abbott did likewise. Night after 
night did Lilia curse this false friend, who had agreed 
with her that the marriage would "do," and that the 
Herritons would come round to it, and then, at the 
first hint of opposition, had fled back to England 
shrieking and distraught. Miss Abbott headed the 
long list of those who should never be written to, 
and who should never be forgiven. Almost the only 
person who was not on that list was Mr. Kingcroft, 
who had unexpectedly sent an affectionate and in- 
quiring letter. He was quite sure never to cross the 
Channel, and Lilia drew freely on her fancy in the 
reply. 

At first she had seen a few English people, for Mon- 
teriano was not the end of the earth. One or two 
inquisitive ladies, who had heard at home of her quar- 
rel with the Herritons, came to call. She was very 
sprightly, and they thought her quite unconven- 
tional, and Gino a charming boy, so all that was to 
the good. But by May the season, such as it was, had 
finished, and there would be no one till next spring. 
As Mrs. Herriton had often observed, Lilia had no 
resources. She did not like music, or reading, or work. 
Her one qualification for life was rather blowsy high 
spirits, which turned querulous or boisterous according 
to circumstances. She was not obedient, but she was 
cowardly, and in the most gentle way, which Mrs. 
Herriton might have envied, Gino made her do what 
he wanted. At first it had been rather fun to let him 



$8 E. M. FORSTER 

get the upper hand. But it was galling to discover 
that he could not do otherwise. He had a good strong 
will when he chose to use it, and would not have had 
the least scruple in using bolts and locks to put it 
into effect. There was plenty of brutality deep down 
in him, and one day Lilia nearly touched it. 

It was the old question of going out alone. 

"I always do it in England." 

"This is Italy." 

"Yes, but I'm older than you, and Til settle." 

"I am your husband," he said, smiling. They had 
finished their mid-day meal, and he wanted to go and 
sleep. Nothing would rouse him up, until at last Lilia, 
getting more and more angry, said, "And I've got the 
money." 

He looked horrified. 

Now was the moment to assert herself. She made 
the statement again. He got up from his chair. 

"And you'd better mend your manners," she con- 
tinued, "for you'd find it awkward if I stopped draw- 
ing cheques." 

She was no reader of character, but she quickly be- 
came alarmed. As she said to Perfetta afterwards, 
"None of his clothes seemed to fit too big in one 
place, too small in another." His figure rather than 
his face altered, the shoulders falling forward till his 
coat wrinkled across the back and pulled away from 
his wrists. He seemed all arms. He edged round the 
table to where she was sitting, and she sprang away 
and held the chair between them, too frightened to 
speak or to move. He looked at her with round, ex- 
pressionless eyes, and slowly stretched out his left 
hand. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 59 

Perfetta was heard coming up from the kitchen. It 
seemed to wake him up, and he turned away and went 
to his room without a word. 

"What has happened?" cried Lilia, nearly fainting. 
"He is ill ill." 

Perfetta looked suspicious when she heard the ac- 
count. "What did you say to him?" She crossed her- 
self. 

"Hardly anything/' said Lilia and crossed herself 
also. Thus did the two women pay homage to their 
outraged male. 

It was clear to Lilia at last that Gino had married 
her for money. But he had frightened her too much to 
leave any place for contempt. His return was terrify- 
ing, for he was frightened too, imploring her pardon, 
lying at her feet, embracing her, murmuring "It was 
not I," striving to define things which he did not un- 
derstand. He stopped in the house for three days, pos- 
itively ill with physical collapse. But for all his suffer- 
ing he had tamed her, and she never threatened to 
cut off supplies again. 

Perhaps he kept her even closer than convention 
demanded. But he was very young, and he could not 
bear it to be said of him that he did not know how to 
treat a lady or to manage a wife. And his own social 
position was uncertain. Even in England a dentist is 
a troublesome creature, whom careful people find dif- 
ficult to class. He hovers between the professions and 
the trades; he may be only a little lower than the doc- 
tors, or he may be down among the chemists, or even 
beneath them. The son of the Italian dentist felt this 
too. For himself nothing mattered; he made friends 
with the people he liked, for he was that glorious in- 



60 E. M. FORSTER 

variable creature, a man. But his wife should visit no- 
where rather than visit wrongly: seclusion was both 
decent and safe. The social ideals of North and South 
had had their brief contention, and this time the 
South had won. 

It would have been well if he had been as strict over 
his own behaviour as he was over hers. But the incon- 
gruity never occurred to him for a moment. His mo- 
rality was that of the average Latin, and as he was sud- 
denly placed in the position of a gentleman, he did 
not see why he should not behave as such. Of course, 
had Lilia been different had she asserted herself and 
got a grip on his character he might possibly though 
not probably have been made a better husband as 
well as a better man, and at all events he could have 
adopted the attitude of the Englishman, whose stand- 
ard is higher even when his practice is the same. But 
had Lilia been different she might not have married 
him. 

The discovery of his infidelity which she made by 
accident destroyed such remnants of self-satisfaction 
as her life might yet possess. She broke down utterly 
and sobbed and cried in Perfetta's arms. Perfetta was 
kind and even sympathetic, but cautioned her on no 
account to speak to Gino, who would be furious if he 
was suspected. And Lilia agreed, partly because she 
was afraid of him, partly because it was, after all, the 
best and most dignified thing to do. She had given up 
everything for him her daughter, her relatives, her 
friends, all the little comforts and luxuries of a civi- 
lized life and even if she had the courage to break 
away, there was no one who would receive her now. 
The Herritons had been almost malignant in their 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 61 

efforts against her, and all her friends had one by one 
fallen off. So it was better to live on humbly, trying 
not to feel, endeavouring by a cheerful demeanour to 
put things right. "Perhaps," she thought, "if I have a 
child he will be different. I know he wants a son." 

Lilia had achieved pathos despite herself, for there 
are some situations in which vulgarity counts no 
longer. Not Cordelia nor Imogen more deserves 
our tears. 

She herself cried frequently, making herself look 
plain and old, which distressed her husband. He was 
particularly kind to her when he hardly ever saw her, 
and she accepted his kindness without resentment, 
even with gratitude, so docile had she become. She 
did not hate him, even as she had never loved him; 
with her it was only when she was excited that the 
semblance of either passion arose. People said she was 
headstrong, but really her weak brain left her cold. 

Suffering, however, is more independent of tempera- 
ment, and the wisest of women could hardly have 
suffered more. 

As for Gino, he was quite as boyish as ever, and 
carried his iniquities like a feather. A favourite speech 
of his was, "Ah, one ought to marry! Spiridione is 
wrong; I must persuade him. Not till marriage does 
one realize the pleasures and the possibilities of life." 
So saying, he would take down his felt hat, strike it in 
the right place as infallibly as a German strikes his 
in the wrong place, and leave her. 

One evening, when he had gone out thus, Lilia 
could stand it no longer. It was September. Sawston 
would be just filling up after the summer holidays. Peo- 
ple would be running in and out of each other's houses 



62 E. M. FORSTER 

all along the road. There were bicycle gymkhanas, and 
on the 3oth Mrs. Herriton would be holding the an- 
nual bazaar in her garden for the C.M.S. It seemed 
impossible that such a free, happy life could exist. She 
walked out on to the loggia. Moonlight and stars in a 
soft purple sky. The walls of Monteriano should be 
glorious on such a night as this. But the house faced 
away from them. 

Perfetta was banging in the kitchen, and the stairs 
down led past the kitchen door. But the stairs up to 
the attic the stairs no one ever used opened out of 
the living-room, and by unlocking the door at the 
top one might slip out on to the square terrace above 
the house, and thus for ten minutes walk in freedom 
and peace. 

The key was in the pocket of Gino's best suit the 
English check which he never wore. The stairs 
creaked and the key-hole screamed; but Perfetta was 
growing deaf. The walls were beautiful, but as they 
faced west they were in shadow. To see the light upon 
them she must walk round the town a little, till they 
were caught by the beams of the rising moon. She 
looked anxiously at the house, and started. 

It was easy walking, for a little path ran all outside 
the ramparts. The few people she met wished her a 
civil good-night, taking her, in her hatless condition, 
for a peasant. The walls trended round towards the 
moon; and presently she came into its light, and saw 
all the rough towers turn into pillars of silver and 
black, and the ramparts into cliffs of pearl. She had no 
great sense of beauty, but she was sentimental, and 
she began to cry; for here, where a great cypress inter- 
rupted the monotony of the girdle of olives, she had 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 65 

sat with Gino one afternoon in March, her head upon 
his shoulder, while Caroline was looking at the view 
and sketching. Round the corner was the Siena gate, 
from which the road to England started, and she could 
hear the rumble of the diligence which was going 
down to catch the night train to Empoli. The next 
moment it was upon her, for the highroad came to- 
wards her a little before it began its long zigzag down 
the hill. 

The driver slackened, and called to her to get in. 
He did not know who she was. He hoped she might 
be coming to the station. 

"Non vengo!" she cried. 

He wished her good-night, and turned his horses 
down the corner. As the diligence came round she saw 
that it was empty. 

"Vengo . . ." 

Her voice was tremulous, and did not carry. The 
horses swung off. 

"Vengo! Vengo!" 

He had begun to sing, and heard nothing. She ran 
down the road screaming to him to stop that she 
was coming; while the distance grew greater and the 
noise of the diligence increased. The man's back was 
black and square against the moon, and if he would 
but turn for an instant she would be saved. She tried 
to cut off the corner of the zigzag, stumbling over the 
great clods of earth, large and hard as rocks, which lay 
between the eternal olives. She was too late; for, just 
before she regained the road, the thing swept past her, 
thunderous, ploughing up choking clouds of moonlit 
dust. 

She did not call any more, for she felt very ill, and 



64 E. M. FORSTER 

fainted; and when she revived she was lying in the 
road, with dust in her eyes, and dust in her mouth, 
and dust down her ears. There is something very ter- 
rible in dust at night-time. 

"What shall I do?" she moaned. "He will be so an- 
gry." 

And without further effort she slowly climbed back 
to captivity, shaking her garments as she went. 

Ill luck pursued her to the end. It was one of the 
nights when Gino happened to come in. He was in 
the kitchen, swearing and smashing plates, while Per- 
fetta, her apron over her head, was weeping violently. 
At the sight of Lilia he turned upon her and poured 
forth a flood of miscellaneous abuse. He was far more 
angry but much less alarming than he had been that 
day when he edged after her round the table. And 
Lilia gained more courage from her bad conscience 
than she ever had from her good one, for as he spoke 
she was seized with indignation and feared him no 
longer, and saw him for a cruel, worthless, hypocriti- 
cal, dissolute upstart, and spoke in return. 

Perfetta screamed for she told him everything all 
she knew and all she thought. He stood with open 
mouth, all the anger gone out of him, feeling ashamed, 
and an utter fool. He was fairly and rightfully 
cornered. When had husband so given himself away 
before? She finished; and he was dumb, for she had 
spoken truly. Then, alas! the absurdity of his own posi- 
tion grew upon him, and he laughed as he would 
have laughed at the same situation on the stage. 

"You laugh?" stammered Lilia. 

"Ah!" he cried, "who could help it? I, who thought 
you knew and saw nothing I am tricked I am con- 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 65 

quered. I give in. Let us talk of it no more." 

He touched her on the shoulder like a good com- 
rade, half amused and half penitent, and then, mur- 
muring and smiling to himself, ran quietly out of the 
room. 

Perfetta burst into congratulations. "What courage 
you have!" she cried; "and what good fortune! He is 
angry no longer! He has forgiven you!" 

Neither Perfetta, nor Gino, nor Lilia herself knew 
the true reason of all the misery that followed. To the 
end he thought that kindness and a little attention 
would be enough to set things straight. His wife was 
a very ordinary woman, and why should her ideas 
differ from his own? No one realized that more than 
personalities were engaged; that the struggle was na- 
tional; that generations of ancestors, good, bad, or in- 
different, forbad the Latin man to be chivalrous to 
the northern woman, the northern woman to forgive 
the Latin man. All this might have been foreseen: 
Mrs. Herriton foresaw it from the first. 

Meanwhile Lilia prided herself on her high personal 
standard, and Gino simply wondered why she did not 
come round. He hated discomfort and yearned for 
sympathy, but shrank from mentioning his difficulties 
in the town in case they were put down to his own 
incompetence. Spiridione was told, and replied in a 
philosophical but not very helpful letter. His other 
great friend, whom he trusted more, was still serving 
in Eritrea or some other desolate outpost. It would 
take too long to explain everything to him. And, be- 
sides, what was the good of letters? Friends cannot 
travel through the post. 

Lilia, so similar to her husband in many ways, 



66 E. M. FORSTER 

yearned for comfort and sympathy too. The night he 
laughed at her she wildly took up paper and pen and 
wrote page after page, analysing his character, enumer- 
ating his iniquities, reporting whole conversations, 
tracing all the causes and the growth of her misery. 
She was beside herself with passion, and though she 
could hardly think or see, she suddenly attained to 
magnificence and pathos which a practised stylist 
might have envied. It was written like a diary, and not 
till its conclusion did she realize for whom it was 
meant. 

"Irma, darling Irma, this letter is for you. I almost 
forgot I have a daughter. It will make you unhappy, 
but I want you to know everything, and you cannot 
learn things too soon. God bless you, my dearest, and 
save you. God bless your miserable mother." 

Fortunately Mrs. Herriton was in when the letter 
arrived. She seized it and opened it in her bedroom. 
Another moment, and Irma's placid childhood would 
have been destroyed for ever. 

Lilia received a brief note from Harriet, again for- 
bidding direct communication between mother and 
daughter, and concluding with formal condolences. It 
nearly drove her mad. 

"Gently! gently!" said her husband. They were sit- 
ting together on the loggia when the letter arrived. He 
often sat with her now, watching her for hours, puz- 
zled and anxious, but not contrite. 

"It's nothing." She went in and tore it up, and 
then began to write a very short letter, whose gist 
was "Come and save me." 

It is not good to see your wife crying when she 
writes especially if you are conscious that, on the 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 67 

whole, your treatment of her has been reasonable and 
kind. It is not good, when you accidentally look over 
her shoulder, to see that she is writing to a man. Nor 
should she shake her fist at you when she leaves the 
room, under the impression that you are engaged in 
lighting a cigar and cannot see her. 

Lilia went to the post herself. But in Italy so many 
things can be arranged. The postman was a friend of 
Gino's, and Mr. Kingcroft never got his letter. 

So she gave up hope, became ill, and all through 
the autumn lay in bed. Gino was distracted. She knew 
why; he wanted a son. He could talk and think of 
nothing else. His one desire was to become the father 
of a man like himself, and it held him with a grip he 
only partially understood, for it was the first great de- 
sire, the first great passion of his life. Falling in love 
was a mere physical triviality, like warm sun or cool 
water, beside this divine hope of immortality: "I con- 
tinue." He gave candles to Santa Deodata, for he was 
always religious at a crisis, and sometimes he went to 
her himself and prayed the crude uncouth demands of 
the simple. Impetuously he summoned all his relatives 
back to bear him company in his time of need, and 
Lilia saw strange faces flitting past her in the darkened 
room. 

"My love!" he would say, "my dearest Lilia! Be 
calm. I have never loved any one but you." 

She, knowing everything, would only smile gently, 
too broken by suffering to make sarcastic repartees. 

Before the child was born he gave her a kiss, and 
said, "I have prayed all night for a boy." 

Some strangely tender impulse moved her, and she 
said faintly, "You are a boy yourself, Gino." 



68 E. M. FORSTER 

He answered, "Then we shall be brothers." 

He lay outside the room with his head against the 

door like a dog. When they came to tell him the glad 

news they found him half unconscious, and his face 

was wet with tears. 
As for Lilia, some one said to her, "It is a beautiful 

boy!" But she had died in giving birth to him. 



CHAPTER V 

At the time of Lilians death Philip Herriton was just 
twenty-four years of age indeed the news reached 
Sawston on his birthday. He was a tall, weakly-built 
young man, whose clothes had to be judiciously 
padded on the shoulders in order to make him pass 
muster. His face was plain rather than not, and there 
was a curious mixture in it of good and bad. He had a 
fine forehead and a good large nose, and both ob- 
servation and sympathy were in his eyes. But below 
the nose and eyes all was confusion, and those people 
who believe that destiny resides in the mouth and 
chin shook their heads when they looked at him. 

Philip himself, as a boy, had been keenly conscious 
of these defects. Sometimes when he had been bullied 
or hustled about at school he would retire to his cu- 
bicle and examine his features in a looking-glass, and 
he would sigh and say, "It is a weak face. I shall never 
carve a place for myself in the world." But as years 
went on he became either less self-conscious or more 
self-satisfied. The world, he found, made a niche for 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 69 

him as it did for every one. Decision of character might 
come later or he might have it without knowing. At 
all events he had got a sense of beauty and a sense 
of humour, two most desirable gifts. The sense of 
beauty developed first. It caused him at the age of 
twenty to wear parti-coloured ties and a squashy hat, 
to be late for dinner on account of the sunset, and to 
catch art from Burne-Jones to Praxiteles. At twenty- 
two he went to Italy with some cousins, and there he 
absorbed into one aesthetic whole olive-trees, blue 
sky, frescoes, country inns, saints, peasants, mosaics, 
statues, beggars. He came back with the air of a 
prophet who would either remodel Sawston or reject 
it. All the energies and enthusiasms of a rather friend- 
less life had passed into the championship of beauty. 

In a short time it was over. Nothing had happened 
either in Sawston or within himself. He had shocked 
half-a-dozen people, squabbled with his sister, and 
bickered with his mother. He concluded that nothing 
could happen, not knowing that human love and love 
of truth sometimes conquer where love of beauty fails. 

A little disenchanted, a little tired, but aesthetically 
intact, he resumed his placid life, relying more and 
more on his second gift, the gift of humour. If he 
could not reform the world, he could at all events 
laugh at it, thus attaining at least an intellectual su- 
periority. Laughter, he read and believed, was a sign 
of good moral health, and he laughed on contentedly, 
till Lilia's marriage toppled contentment down for 
ever. Italy, the land of beauty, was ruined for him. She 
had no power to change men and things who dwelt in 
her. She, too, could produce avarice, brutality, stupid- 
ity and, what was worse, vulgarity. It was on her 



7O E. M. FORSTER 

soil and through her influence that a silly woman had 
married a cad. He hated Gino, the betrayer of his life's 
ideal, and now that the sordid tragedy had come, it 
filled him with pangs, not of sympathy, but of final 
disillusion. 

The disillusion was convenient for Mrs. Herriton, 
who saw a trying little period ahead of her, and was 
glad to have her family united. 

"Are we to go into mourning, do you think?" She 
always asked her children's advice where possible. 

Harriet thought that they should. She had been 
detestable to Lilia while she lived, but she always felt 
that the dead deserve attention and sympathy. "After 
all she has suffered. That letter kept me awake for 
nights. The whole thing is like one of those horrible 
modern plays where no one is in the right. But if we 
have mourning, it will mean telling Irma." 

"Of course we must tell Irma!" said Philip. 

"Of course," said his mother. "But I think we can 
still not tell her about Lilia's marriage." 

"I don't think that. And she must have suspected 
something by now." 

"So one would have supposed. But she never cared 
for her mother, and little girls of nine don't reason 
clearly. She looks on it as a long visit. And it is im- 
portant, most important, that she should not receive 
a shock. All a child's life depends on the ideal it has 
of its parents. Destroy that and everything goes 
morals, behaviour, everything. Absolute trust in some 
one else is the essence of education. That is why I 
have been so careful about talking of poor Lilia be- 
fore her." 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 71 

"But you forget this wretched baby. Waters and 
Adamson write that there is a baby." 

"Mrs. Theobald must be told. But she doesn't 
count. She is breaking up very quickly. She doesn't 
even see Mr. Kingcroft now. He, thank goodness, I 
hear, has at last consoled himself with someone 
else." 

"The child must know some time," persisted Philip, 
who felt a little displeased, though he could not tell 
with what. 

"The later the better. Every moment she is devel- 
oping." 

"I must say it seems rather hard luck, doesn't it?" 

"On Irma? Why?" 

"On us, perhaps. We have morals and behaviour 
also, and I don't think this continual secrecy improves 
them." 

"There's no need to twist the thing round to that," 
said Harriet, rather disturbed. 

"Of course there isn't," said her mother. "Let's keep 
to the main issue. This baby's quite beside the point. 
Mrs. Theobald will do nothing, and it's no concern 
of ours." 

"It will make a difference in the money, surely," 
said he. 

"No, dear; very little. Poor Charles provided for 
every kind of contingency in his will. The money will 
come to you and Harriet, as Irma's guardians." 

"Good. Does the Italian get anything?" 

"He will get all hers. But you know what that is." 

"Good. So those are our tactics to tell no one 
about the baby, not even Miss Abbott." 



72 E. M. FORSTER 

"Most certainly this is the proper course," said Mrs. 
Herriton, preferring "course" to "tactics" for Harriet's 
sake. "And why ever should we tell Caroline?" 

"She was so mixed up in the affair." 

"Poor silly creature. The less she hears about it the 
better she will be pleased. I have come to be very sorry 
for Caroline. She, if any one, has suffered and been 
penitent. She burst into tears when I told her a little, 
only a little, of that terrible letter. I never saw such 
genuine remorse. We must forgive her and forget. Let 
the dead bury their dead. We will not trouble her with 
them." 

Philip saw that his mother was scarcely logical. But 
there was no advantage in saying so. "Here beginneth 
the New Life, then. Do you remember, mother, that 
was what we said when we saw Lilia off?" 

"Yes, dear; but now it is really a New Life, because 
we are all at accord. Then you were still infatuated 
with Italy. It may be full of beautiful pictures and 
churches, but we cannot judge a country by anything 
but its men." 

"That is quite true," he said sadly. And as the tac- 
tics were now settled, he went out and took an aim- 
less and solitary walk. 

By the time he came back two important things had 
happened. Irma had been told of her mother's death, 
and Miss Abbott, who had called for a subscription, 
had been told also. 

Irma had wept loudly, had asked a few sensible ques- 
tions and a good many silly ones, and had been con- 
tent with evasive answers. Fortunately the school 
prize-giving was at hand, and that, together with the 
prospect of new black clothes, kept her from meditat- 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 73 

ing on the fact that Lilia, who had been absent so 
long, would now be absent for ever. 

"As for Caroline/' said Mrs. Herriton, "I was almost 
frightened. She broke down utterly. She cried even 
when she left the house. I comforted her as best I 
could, and I kissed her. It is something that the breach 
between her and ourselves is now entirely healed." 

"Did she ask no questions as to the nature of 
Lilia's death, I mean?" 

"She did. But she has a mind of extraordinary del- 
icacy. She saw that I was reticent, and she did not 
press me. You see, Philip, I can say to you what I 
could not say before Harriet. Her ideas are so crude 
Really we do not want it known in Sawston that there 
is a baby. All peace and comfort would be lost if peo- 
ple came inquiring after it." 

His mother knew how to manage him. He agreed 
enthusiastically. And a few days later, when he 
chanced to travel up to London with Miss Abbott, he 
had all the time the pleasant thrill of one who is bet- 
ter informed. Their last journey together had been 
from Monteriano back across Europe. It had been a 
ghastly journey, and Philip, from the force of associa- 
tion, rather expected something ghastly now. 

He was surprised. Miss Abbott, between Sawston 
and Charing Cross, revealed qualities which he had 
never guessed her to possess. Without being exactly 
original, she did show a commendable intelligence,' 
and though at times she was gauche and even un- 
courtly, he felt that here was a person whom it might 
be well to cultivate. 

At first she annoyed him. They were talking, of 
course, about Lilia, when she broke the thread of 



74 E. M. FORSTER 

vague commiseration and said abruptly, "It is all so 
strange as well as so tragic. And what I did was as 
strange as anything." 

It was the first reference she had ever made to her 
contemptible behaviour. "Never mind/' he said. "It's 
all over now. Let the dead bury their dead. It's fallen 
out of our lives." 

"But that's why I can talk about it and tell 
you everything I have always wanted to. You thought 
me stupid and sentimental and wicked and mad, but 
you never really knew how much I was to blame." 

"Indeed I never think about it now," said Philip 
gently. He knew that her nature was in the main gen- 
erous and upright: it was unnecessary for her to reveal 
her thoughts. 

"The first evening we got to Monteriano," she per- 
sisted, "Lilia went out for a walk alone, saw that 
Italian in a picturesque position on a wall, and fell in 
love. He was shabbily dressed, and she did not even 
know he was the son of a dentist. I must tell you I was 
used to this sort of thing. Once or twice before I had 
had to send people about their business." 

"Yes; we counted on you," said Philip, with sudden 
sharpness. After all, if she would reveal her thoughts, 
she must take the consequences. 

"I know you did," she retorted with equal sharpness. 
"Lilia saw him several times again, and I knew I ought 
to interfere. I called her to my bedroom one night. She 
was very frightened, for she knew what it was about 
and how severe I could be. 'Do you love this man?' I 
asked. Tes or no?' She said 'Yes.' And I said, 'Why 
don't you marry him if you think you'll be happy?' " 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 75 

"Really really," exploded Philip, as exasperated as 
if the thing had happened yesterday. "You knew Lilia 
all your life. Apart from everything else as if she 
could choose what could make her happy!" 

"Had you ever let her choose?" she flashed out. "I'm 
afraid that's rude," she added, trying to calm herself. 

"Let us rather say unhappily expressed," said Philip, 
who always adopted a dry satirical manner when he 
was puzzled. 

"I want to finish. Next morning I found Signor Car- 
ella and said the same to him. He well, he was will- 
ing. That's all." 

"And the telegram?" He looked scornfully out of 
the window. 

Hitherto her voice had been hard, possibly in self- 
accusation, possibly in defiance. Now it became un- 
mistakably sad. "Ah, the telegram! That was wrong. 
Lilia there was more cowardly than I was. We should 
have told the truth. It lost me my nerve, at all events. 
I came to the station meaning to tell you everything 
then. But we had started with a lie, and I got fright- 
ened. And at the end, when you left, I got frightened 
again and came with you." 

"Did you really mean to stop?" 

"For a time, at all events." 

"Would that have suited a newly married pair?" 

"It would have suited them. Lilia needed me. And 
as for him I can't help feeling I might have got in- 
fluence over him." 

"I am ignorant of these matters," said Philip; "but 
I should have thought that would have increased the 
difficulty of the situation." 



76 E. M. FORSTER 

The crisp remark was wasted on her. She looked 
hopelessly at the raw over-built country, and said, 
"Well, I have explained." 

"But pardon me, Miss Abbott; of most of your con- 
duct you have given a description rather than an ex- 
planation." 

He had fairly caught her, and expected that she 
would gape and collapse. To his surprise she answered 
with some spirit, "An explanation may bore you, Mr. 
Herriton: it drags in other topics." 

"Oh, never mind." 

"I hated Sawston, you see." 

He was delighted. "So did and do I. That's splendid. 
Go on." 

"I hated the idleness, the stupidity, the respectabil- 
ity, the petty unselfishness." 

"Petty selfishness," he corrected. Sawston psychol- 
ogy had long been his specialty. 

"Petty unselfishness," she repeated. "I had got an 
idea that every one here spent their lives in making 
little sacrifices for objects they didn't care for, to please 
people they didn't love; that they never learnt to be 
sincere and, what's as bad, never learnt how to en- 
joy themselves. That's what I thought what I thought 
at Monteriano." 

"Why, Miss Abbott," he cried, "you should have 
told me this before! Think it still! I agree with lots of 
it. Magnificent!" 

"Now Lilia," she went on, "though there were 
things about her I didn't like, had somehow kept the 
power of enjoying herself with sincerity. And Gino, 
I thought, was splendid, and young, and strong not 
only in body, and sincere as the day. If they wanted 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 77 

to marry, why shouldn't they do so? Why shouldn't 
she break with the deadening life where she had got 
into a groove, and would go on in it, getting more and 
more worse than unhappy apathetic till she died? 
Of course I was wrong. She only changed one groove 
for another a worse groove. And as for him well, 
you know more about him than I do. I can never trust 
myself to judge characters again. But I still feel he 
cannot have been quite bad when we first met him. 
Lilia that I should dare to say it! must have been 
cowardly. He was only a boy just going to turn into 
something fine, I thought and she must have mis- 
managed him. So that is the one time I have gone 
against what is proper, and there are the results. You 
have an explanation now." 

"And much of it has been most interesting, though 
I don't understand everything. Did you never think 
of the disparity of their social position?" 

"We were mad drunk with rebellion. We had no 
common-sense. As soon as you came, you saw and 
foresaw everything." 

"Oh, I don't think that." He was vaguely displeased 
at being credited with common-sense. For a moment 
Miss Abbott had seemed to him more unconventional 
than himself. 

"I hope you see," she concluded, "why I have 
troubled you with this long story. Women I heard 
you say the other day are never at ease till they tell 
their faults out loud. Lilia is dead and her husband 
gone to the bad all through me. You see, Mr. Her- 
riton, it makes me specially unhappy; it's the only 
time I've ever gone into what my father calls 'real life' 
and look what I've made of it! All that winter I 



78 E. M. FORSTER 

seemed to be waking up to beauty and splendour and 
I don't know what; and when the spring came, I 
wanted to fight against the things I hated medioc- 
rity and dulness and spitefulness and society. I ac- 
tually hated society for a day or two at Monteriano. 
I didn't see that all these things are invincible, and 
that if we go against them they will break us to pieces. 
Thank you for listening to so much nonsense." 

"Oh, I quite sympathize with what you say," said 
Philip encouragingly; "it isn't nonsense, and a year or 
two ago I should have been saying it too. But I feel 
differently now, and I hope that you also will change. 
Society is invincible to a certain degree. But your 
real life is your own, and nothing can touch it. There 
is no power on earth that can prevent your criticizing 
and despising mediocrity nothing that can stop you 
retreating into splendour and beauty into the 
thoughts and beliefs that make the real life the real 
you." 

"I have never had that experience yet. Surely I and 
my life must be where T Jiv?" f*3M&4~v^&+*> Hjb&o 

Evidently she had the usual feminine incapacity for 
grasping philosophy. But she had developed quite a 
personality, and he must see more of her. "There is 
another great consolation against invincible medioc- 
rity," he said "the meeting a fellow-victim. I hope 
that this is only the first of many discussions that we 
shall have together." 

She made a suitable reply. The train reached Char- 
ing Cross, and they parted, he to go to a matinee, 
she to buy petticoats for the corpulent poor. Her 
thoughts wandered as she bought them: the gulf be- 
tween herself and Mr. Herriton, which she had always 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 79 

known to be great, now seemed to her immeasurable. 

These events and conversations took place at Christ- 
mas-time. The New Life initiated by them lasted some 
seven months. Then a little incident a mere little 
vexatious incident brought it to its close. 

Irma collected picture post-cards, and Mrs. Herriton 
or Harriet always glanced first at all that came, lest the 
child should get hold of something vulgar. On this oc- 
casion the subject seemed perfectly inoffensive a lot 
of ruined factory chimneys and Harriet was about 
to hand it to her niece when her eye was caught by 
the words on the margin. She gave a shriek and flung 
the card into the grate. Of course no fire was alight 
in July, and Irma only had to run and pick it 
out again. 

"How dare you!" screamed her aunt. "You wicked 
girl! Give it here!" 

Unfortunately Mrs. Herriton was out of the room. 
Irma, who was not in awe of Harriet, danced round 
the table, reading as she did so, "View of the superb 
city of Monteriano from your lital brother." 

Stupid Harriet caught her, boxed her ears, and tore 
the post-card into fragments. Irma howled with pain, 
and began shouting indignantly, "Who is my little 
brother? Why have I never heard of him before? 
Grandmamma! Grandmamma! Who is my little 
brother? Who is my " 

Mrs. Herriton swept into the room, saying, "Come 
with me, dear, and I will tell you. Now it is time for 
you to know." 

Irma returned from the interview sobbing, though, 
as a matter of fact, she had learnt very little. But that 
little took hold of her imagination. She had promised 



80 E. M. FORSTER 

secrecy she knew not why. But what harm in talking 
of the little brother to those who had heard of him 
already? 

"Aunt Harriet!" she would say. "Uncle Phil! Grand- 
mamma! What do you suppose my little brother is 
doing now? Has he begun to play? Do Italian babies 
talk sooner than us, or would he be an English baby 
born abroad? Oh, I do long to see him, and be the 
first to teach him the Ten Commandments and the 
Catechism." 

The last remark always made Harriet look grave. 

"Really," exclaimed Mrs. Herriton, "Irma is getting 
too tiresome. She forgot poor Lilia soon enough." 

"A living brother is more to her than a dead 
mother," said Philip dreamily. "She can knit , him 
socks." 

"I stopped that. She is bringing him in everywhere. 
It is most vexatious. The other night she asked if she 
might include him in the people she mentions 
specially in her prayers." 

"What did you say?" 

"Of course I allowed her," she replied coldly. "She 
has a right to mention any one she chooses. But I was 
annoyed with her this morning, and I fear that I 
showed it." 

"And what happened this morning?" 

"She asked if she could pray for her 'new father' 
for the Italian!" 

"Did you let her?" 

"I got up without saying anything." 

"You must have felt just as you did when I wanted 
to pray for the devil." 

"He is the devil," cried Harriet. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 81 

"No, Harriet; he is too vulgar." 

"I will thank you not to scoff against religion!" was 
Harriet's retort. "Think of that poor baby. Irma is 
right to pray for him. What an entrance into life for 
an English child!" 

"My dear sister, I can reassure you. Firstly, the 
beastly baby is Italian. Secondly, it was promptly 
christened at Santa Deodata's, and a powerful com- 
bination of saints watch over " 

"Don't, dear. And, Harriet, don't be so serious I 
mean not so serious when you are with Irma. She will 
be worse than ever if she thinks we have something to 
hide." 

Harriet's conscience could be quite as tiresome as 
Philip's unconventionality. Mrs. Herriton soon made 
it easy for her daughter to go for six weeks to the Tirol. 
Then she and Philip began to grapple with Irma alone. 

Just as they had got things a little quiet the beastly 
baby sent another picture post-card a comic one, not 
particularly proper. Irma received it while they were 
out, and all the trouble began again. 

"I cannot think," said Mrs. Herriton, "what his mo- 
tive is in sending them." 

Two years before, Philip would have said that the 
motive was to give pleasure. Now he, like his mother, 
tried to think of something sinister and subtle. 

"Do you suppose that he guesses the situation 
how anxious we are to hush the scandal up?" 

"That is quite possible. He knows that Irma will 
worry us about the baby. Perhaps he hopes that we 
shall adopt it to quiet her." 

"Hopeful indeed." 

"At the same time he has the chance of corrupting 



82 E. M. FORSTER 

the child's morals." She unlocked a drawer, took out 
the post-card, and regarded it gravely. "He entreats 
her to send the baby one/' was her next remark. 

"She might do it too!" 

"I told her not to; but we must watch her carefully, 
without, of course, appearing to be suspicious." 

Philip was getting to enjoy his mother's diplomacy. 
He did not think of his own morals and behaviour any 
more. 

"Who's to watch her at school, though? She may 
bubble out any moment." 

"We can but trust to our influence," said Mrs. Her- 
ri ton. 

Irma did bubble out, that very day. She was proof 
against a single post-card, not against two. A new lit- 
tle brother is a valuable sentimental asset to a school- 
girl, and her school was then passing through an acute 
phase of baby-worship. Happy the girl who had her 
quiver full of them, who kissed them when she left 
home in the morning, who had the right to extricate 
them from mail-carts in the interval, who dangled 
them at tea ere they retired to rest! That one might 
sing the unwritten song of Miriam, blessed above all 
school-girls, who was allowed to hide her baby brother 
in a squashy place, where none but herself could find 
him! 

How could Irma keep silent when pretentious girls 
spoke of baby cousins and baby visitors she who 
had a baby brother, who wrote her post-cards through 
his dear papa? She had promised not to tell about him 
she knew not why and she told. And one girl told 
another, and one girl told her mother, and the thing 
was out. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 83 

"Yes, it is all very sad," Mrs. Herriton kept saying. 
""My daughter-in-law made a very unhappy marriage, 
as I dare say you know. I suppose that the child will 
be educated in Italy. Possibly his grandmother may be 
doing something, but I have not heard of it. I do not 
expect that she will have him over. She disapproves of 
the father. It is altogether a painful business for her." 

She was careful only to scold Irma for disobedi- 
ence that eighth deadly sin, so convenient to parents 
and guardians. Harriet would have plunged into need- 
less explanations and abuse. The child was ashamed, 
and talked about the baby less. The end of the school 
year was at hand, and she hoped to get another prize. 
But she also had put her hand to the wheel. 

It was several days before they saw Miss Abbott. 
Mrs. Herriton had not come across her much since 
the kiss of reconciliation, nor Philip since the journey 
to London. She had, indeed, been rather a disappoint- 
ment to him. Her creditable display of originality had 
never been repeated: he feared she was slipping back. 
Now she came about the Cottage Hospital her life 
was devoted to dull acts of charity and though she 
got money out of him and out of his mother, she still 
sat tight in her chair, looking graver and more wooden 
than ever. 

"I dare say you have heard," said Mrs. Herriton, 
well knowing what the matter was. 

"Yes, I have. I came to ask you; have any steps been 
taken?" 

Philip was astonished. The question was imperti- 
nent in the extreme. He had a regard for Miss Abbott, 
and regretted that she had been guilty of it. 

"About the baby?" asked Mrs. Herriton pleasantly. 



84 E. M. FORSTER 

"Yes." 

"As far as I know, no steps. Mrs. Theobald may have 
decided on something, but I have not heard of it." 

"I was meaning, had you decided on anything?" 

"The child is no relation of ours," said Philip. "It is 
therefore scarcely for us to interfere." 

His mother glanced at him nervously. "Poor Lilia 
was almost a daughter to me once. I know what Miss 
Abbott means. But now things have altered. Any ini- 
tiative would naturally come from Mrs. Theobald." 

"But does not Mrs. Theobald always take any ini- 
tiative from you?" asked Miss Abbott. 

Mrs. Herriton could not help colouring. "I some- 
times have given her advice in the past. I should not 
presume to do so now." 

"Then is nothing to be done for the child at all?" 

"It is extraordinarily good of you to take this un- 
expected interest," said Philip. 

"The child came into the world through my negli- 
gence," replied Miss Abbott. "It is natural I should 
take an interest in it." 

"My dear Caroline," said Mrs. Herriton, "you must 
not brood over the thing. Let bygones be bygones. 
The child should worry you even less than it worries 
us. We never even mention it. It belongs to another 
world." 

Miss Abbott got up without replying and turned to 
go. Her extreme gravity made Mrs. Herriton uneasy. 
"Of course," she added, "if Mrs. Theobald decides on 
any plan that seems at all practicable I must say I 
don't see any such I shall ask if I may join her in 
it, for Irma's sake, and share in any possible expenses." 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 85 

"Please would you let me know if she decides on 
anything. I should like to join as well." 

"My dear, how you throw about your money! We 
would never allow it." 

"And if she decides on nothing, please also let me 
know. Let me know in any case." 

Mrs. Herriton made a point of kissing her. 

"Is the young person mad?" burst out Philip as soon 
as she had departed. "Never in my life have I seen 
such colossal impertinence. She ought to be well 
smacked, and sent back to Sunday-school." 

His mother said nothing. 

"But don't you see she is practically threatening 
us? You can't put her off with Mrs. Theobald; she 
knows as well as we do that she is a nonentity. If we 
don't do anything she's going to raise a scandal that 
we neglect our relatives, &c., which is, of course, a lie. 
Still she'll say it. Oh, dear, sweet, sober Caroline Ab- 
bott has a screw loose! We knew it at Monteriano. I 
had my suspicions last year one day in the train; and 
here it is again. The young person is mad." 

She still said nothing. 

"Shall I go round at once and give it her well? I'd 
really enjoy it." 

In a low, serious voice such a voice as she had not 
used to him for months Mrs. Herriton said, "Caro- 
line has been extremely impertinent. Yet there may 
be something in what she says after all. Ought the 
child to grow up in that place and with that fa- 
ther?" 

Philip started and shuddered. He saw that his 
mother was not sincere. Her insincerity to others had 



86 E. M. FORSTER 

amused him, but it was disheartening when used 
against himself. 

"Let us admit frankly," she continued, "that after 
all we may have responsibilities." 

"I don't understand you, mother. You are turning 
absolutely round. What are you up to?" 

In one moment an impenetrable barrier had been 
erected between them. They were no longer in smiling 
confidence. Mrs. Herriton was off on tactics of her 
own tactics which might be beyond or beneath him. 

His remark offended her. "Up to? I am wondering 
whether I ought not to adopt the child. Is that suf- 
ficiently plain?" 

"And this is the result of half-a-dozen idiocies of 
Miss Abbott?" 

"It is. I repeat, she has been extremely impertinent. 
None the less she is showing me my duty. If I can res- 
cue poor Lilia's baby from that horrible man, who will 
bring it up either as Papist or infidel who will cer- 
tainly bring it up to be vicious I shall do it." 

"You talk like Harriet." 

"And why not?" said she, flushing at what she knew 
to be an insult. "Say, if you choose, that I talk like 
Irma. That child has seen the thing more clearly than 
any of us. She longs for her little brother. She shall 
have him. I don't care if I am impulsive." 

He was sure that she was not impulsive, but did not 
dare to say so. Her ability frightened him. All his 
life he had been her puppet. She let him worship Italy, 
and reform Sawston just as she had let Harriet be 
Low Church. She had let him talk as much as he liked. 
But when she wanted a thing she always got it. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 87 

And though she was frightening him, she did not 
inspire him with reverence. Her life, he saw, was with- 
out meaning. To what purpose was hei diplomacy, her 
insincerity, her continued repression of vigour? Did 
they make any one better or happier? Did they even 
bring happiness to herself? Harriet with her gloomy 
peevish creed, Lilia with her clutches after pleasure, 
were after all more divine than this well-ordered, ac- 
tive, useless machine. 

Now that his mother had wounded his vanity he 
could criticize her thus. But he could not rebel. To the 
end of his days he would probably go on doing what 
she wanted. He watched with a cold interest the duel 
between her and Miss Abbott. Mrs. Herriton's policy 
only appeared gradually. It was to prevent Miss Ab- 
bott interfering with the child at all costs, and if pos- 
sible to prevent her at a small cost. Pride was the only 
solid element in her disposition. She could not bear to 
seem less charitable than others. 

"I am planning what can be done," she would tell 
people, "and that kind Caroline Abbott is helping me. 
It is no business of either of us, but we are getting to 
feel that the baby must not be left entirely to that 
horrible man. It would be unfair to little Irma; after 
all, he is her half-brother. No, we have come to noth- 
ing definite." 

Miss Abbott was equally civil, but not to be ap- 
peased by good intentions. The child's welfare was a 
sacred duty to her, not a matter of pride or even of 
sentiment. By it alone, she felt, could she undo a little 
of the evil that she had permitted to come into the 
world. To her imagination Monteriano had become a 



88 E. M. FORSTER 

magic city of vice, beneath whose towers no person 
could grow up happy or pure. Sawston, with its semi- 
detached houses and snobby schools, its book teas and 
bazaars, was certainly petty and dull; at times she 
found it even contemptible. But it was not a place of 
sin, and at Sawston, either with the Herritons or with 
herself, the baby should grow up. 

As soon as it was inevitable, Mrs. Herriton wrote a 
letter for Waters and Adamson to send to Gino the 
oddest letter; Philip saw a copy of it afterwards. Its 
ostensible purpose was to complain of the picture post- 
cards. Right at the end, in a few nonchalant sentences, 
she offered to adopt the child, provided that Gino 
would undertake never to come near it, and would 
surrender some of Lilians money for its education. 

"What do you think of it?" she asked her son. "It 
would not do to let him know that we are anxious for 
it." 

"Certainly he will never suppose that." 

"But what effect will the letter have on him?" 

"When he gets it he will do a sum. If it is less ex- 
pensive in the long run to part with a little money and 
to be clear of the baby, he will part with it. If he would 
lose, he will adopt the tone of the loving father." 

"Dear, you're shockingly cynical." After a pause she 
added, "How would the sum work out?" 

"I don't know, I'm sure. But if you wanted to en- 
sure the baby being posted by return, you should have 
sent a little sum to him. Oh, I'm not cynical at least 
I only go by what I know of him. But I am weary of 
the whole show. Weary of Italy. Weary, weary, weary. 
Sawston's a kind, pitiful place, isn't it? I will go walk 
in it and seek comfort." 



Where Angek Fear to Tread 89 

He smiled as he spoke, for the sake of not appear- 
ing serious. When he had left her she began to smile 
also. 

It was to the Abbotts' that he walked. Mr. Abbott 
offered him tea, and Caroline, who was keeping up her 
Italian in the next room, came in to pour it out. He 
told them that his mother had written to Signer Ca- 
rella, and they both uttered fervent wishes for her suc- 
cess. 

"Very fine of Mrs. Herriton, very fine indeed," said 
Mr. Abbott, who, like every one else, knew nothing of 
his daughter's exasperating behaviour. "I'm afraid it 
will mean a lot of expense. She will get nothing out of 
Italy without paying." 

"There are sure to be incidental expenses," said 
Philip cautiously. Then he turned to Miss Abbott and 
said, "Do you suppose we shall have difficulty with 
the man?" 

"It depends," she replied, with equal caution. 

"From what you saw of him, should you conclude 
that he would make an affectionate parent?" 

"I don't go by what I saw of him, but by what I 
know of him." 

"Well, what do you conclude from that?" 

"That he is a thoroughly wicked man." 

"Yet thoroughly wicked men have loved their chil- 
dren. Look at Rodrigo Borgia, for example." 

"I have also seen examples of that in my district." 

With this remark the admirable young woman rose, 
and returned to keep up her Italian. She puzzled Philip 
extremely. He could understand enthusiasm, but she 
did not seem the least enthusiastic. He could under- 
stand pure cussedness, but it did not seem to be that 



9O E. M. FORSTER 

either. Apparently she was deriving neither amusement 
nor profit from the struggle. Why, then, had she under- 
taken it? Perhaps she was not sincere. Perhaps, on the 
whole, that was most likely. She must be professing 
one thing and aiming at another. What the other 
thing could be he did not stop to consider. Insincerity 
was becoming his stock explanation for anything un- 
familiar, whether that thing was a kindly action or a 
high ideal. 

"She fences well," he said to his mother afterwards. 

"What had you to fence about?" she said suavely. 
Her son might know her tactics, but she refused to 
admit that he knew. She still pretended to him that 
the baby was the one thing she wanted, and had al- 
ways wanted, and that Miss Abbott was her valued 
ally. 

And when, next week, the reply came from Italy, 
she showed him no face of triumph. "Read the letters," 
she said. "We have failed." 

Gino wrote in his own language, but the solicitors 
had sent a laborious English translation, where "Preg- 
hiatissima Signora" was rendered as "Most Praise- 
worthy Madam," and every delicate compliment and 
superlative superlatives are delicate in Italian 
would have felled an ox. For a moment Philip forgot 
the matter in the manner; this grotesque memorial of 
the land he had loved moved him almost to tears. He 
knew the originals of these lumbering phrases; he also 
had sent "sincere auguries"; he also had addressed let- 
ters who writes at home? from the Gaffe Garibaldi. 
"I didn't know I was still such an ass," he thought. 
"Why can't I realize that it's merely tricks of expres- 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 91 

sion? A bounder's a bounder, whether he lives in Saw- 
ston or Monteriano." 

"Isn't it disheartening?" said his mother. 

He then read that Gino could not accept the gen- 
erous offer. His paternal heart would not permit him 
to abandon this symbol of his deplored spouse. As 
for the picture post-cards, it displeased him greatly 
that they had been obnoxious. He would send no more. 
Would Mrs. Herriton, with her notorious kindness, 
explain this to Irma, and thank her for those which 
Irma (courteous Miss!) had sent to him? 

"The sum works out against us," said Philip. "Or 
perhaps he is putting up the price." 

"No," said Mrs. Herriton decidedly. "It is not that. 
For some perverse reason he will not part with the 
child. I must go and tell poor Caroline. She will be 
equally distressed." 

She returned from the visit in the most extraordi- 
nary condition. Her face was red, she panted for 
breath, there were, dark circles round her eyes. 

"The impudence!" she shouted. "The cursed im- 
pudence! Oh, I'm swearing. I don't care. That beastly 
woman how dare she interfere I'll Philip, dear, 
I'm sorry. It's no good. You must go." 

"Go where? Do sit down. What's happened?" This 
outburst of violence from his elegant ladylike mother 
pained him dreadfully. He had not known that it was 
in her. 

"She won't accept won't accept the letter as final. 
You must go to Monteriano!" 

"I won't!" he shouted back. "I've been and I've 
failed. I'll never see the place again. I hate Italy." 



92 E. M. FORSTER 

"If you don't go, she will." 

"Abbott?" 

"Yes. Going alone; would start this evening. I of- 
fered to write; she said it was 'too late!' Too late! The 
child, if you please Irma's brother to live with her, 
to be brought up by her and her father at our very 
gates, to go to school like a gentleman, she paying. Oh, 
you're a man! It doesn't matter for you. You can laugh. 
But I know what people say; and that woman goes to 
Italy this evening." 

He seemed to be inspired. "Then let her go! Let 
her mess with Italy by herself. She'll come to grief 
somehow. Italy's too dangerous, too " 

"Stop that nonsense, Philip. I will not be disgraced 
by her. I will have the child. Pay all we've got for it. 
I will have it." 

"Let her go to Italy!" he cried. "Let her meddle with 
what she doesn't understand! Look at this letter! The 
man who wrote it will marry her, or murder her, or do 
for her somehow. He's a bounder, but he's not an 
English bounder. He's mysterious and terrible. He's 
got a country behind him that's upset people from 
the beginning of the world." 

"Harriet!" exclaimed his mother. "Harriet shall go 
too. Harriet, now, will be invaluable!" And before 
Philip had stopped talking nonsense, she had planned 
the whole thing and was looking out the trains. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 93 



CHAPTER VI 

Italy, Philip had always maintained, is only her true 
self in the height of the summer, when the tourists 
have left her, and her soul awakes under the beams of 
a vertical sun. He now had every opportunity of seeing 
her at her best, for it was nearly the middle of August 
before he went out to meet Harriet in the Tirol. 

He found his sister in a dense cloud five thousand 
feet above the sea, chilled to the bone, overfed, bored, 
and not at all unwilling to be fetched away. 

"It upsets one's plans terribly," she remarked, as 
she squeezed out her sponges, "but obviously it is my 
duty." 

"Did mother explain it all to you?" asked Philip. 

"Yes, indeed! Mother has written me a really beauti- 
ful letter. She describes how it was that she gradually 
got to feel that we must rescue the poor baby from its 
terrible surroundings, how she has tried by letter, and 
it is no good nothing but insincere compliments and 
hypocrisy came back. Then she says, 'There is nothing 
like personal influence; you and Philip will succeed 
where I have failed/ She says, too, that Caroline Ab- 
bott has been wonderful." 

Philip assented. 

"Caroline feels it as keenly almost as us. That is be- 
cause she knows the man. Oh, he must be loathsome! 
Goodness me! I've forgotten to pack the ammonia! 
... It has been a terrible lesson for Caroline, but I 



94 E. M. FORSTER 

fancy it is her turning-point. I can't help liking to think 
that out of all this evil good will come." 

Philip saw no prospect of good, nor of beauty either. 
But the expedition promised to be highly comic. He 
was not averse to it any longer; he was simply indif- 
ferent to all in it except the humours. These would be 
-*C^ wonderful. Harriet, worked by her mother; Mrs. Herri- 
ton, worked by Miss Abbott; Gino, worked by a 
cheque what better entertainment could he desire? 
There was nothing to distract him this time; his senti- 
mentality had died, so had his anxiety for the family 
honour. He might be a piippefs puppet, but he knew 
exactly the disposition of thc^strings. 

They travelled for thirteen hours down-hill, whilst 
the streams broadened and the mountains shrank, and 
the vegetation changed, and the people ceased being 
ugly and drinking beer, and began instead to drink 
wine and to be beautiful. And the train which had 
picked them at sunrise out of a waste of glaciers and 
hotels was waltzing at sunset round the walls of 
Verona. 

"Absurd nonsense they talk about the heat," said 
Philip, as they drove from the station. "Supposing we 
were here for pleasure, what could be more pleasurable 
than this?" 

"Did you hear, though, they are remarking on the 
cold?" said Harriet nervously. "I should never have 
thought it cold." 

And on the second day the heat struck them, like a 
hand laid over the mouth, just as they were walking 
to see the tomb of Juliet. From that moment every- 
thing went wrong. They fled from Verona. Harriet's 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 95 

sketch-book was stolen, and the bottle of ammonia 
in her trunk burst over her prayer-book, so that purple 
patches appeared on all her clothes. Then, as she was 
going through Mantua at four in the morning, Philip 
made her look out of the window because it was Virgil's 
birthplace, and a smut flew in her eye, and Harriet 
with a smut in her eye was notorious. At Bologna they 
stopped twenty-four hours to rest. It was a festa, and 
children blew bladder whistles night and day. "What 
a religion!" said Harriet. The hotel smelt, two puppies 
were asleep on her bed, and her bedroom window 
looked into a belfry, which saluted her slumbering 
form every quarter of an hour. Philip left his walking- 
stick, his socks, and the Baedeker at Bologna; she only 
left her sponge-bag. Next day they crossed the Apen- 
nines with a train-sick child and a hot lady, who told 
them that never, never before had she sweated so 
profusely. "Foreigners are a filthy nation," said Harriet. 
"I don't care if there are tunnels; open the windows." 
He obeyed, and she got another smut in her eye. Nor 
did Florence improve matters. Eating, walking, even 
a cross word would bathe them both in boiling water. 
Philip, who was slighter of build, and less conscien- 
tious, suffered less. But Harriet had never been to 
Florence, and between the hours of eight and eleven 
she crawled like a wounded creature through the 
streets, and swooned before various masterpieces of 
art. It was an irritable couple who took tickets to Mon- 
teriano. 

"Singles or returns?" said he. 

"A single for me," said Harriet peevishly; "I shall 
never get back alive." 



96 E. M. FORSTER 

"Sweet creature!" said her brother, suddenly break- 
ing down. "How helpful you will be when we come to 
Signer Carella!" 

"Do you suppose/' said Harriet, standing still among 
a whirl of porters "do you suppose I am going to 
enter that man's house?" 

"Then what have you come for, pray? For orna- 
ment?" 

"To see that you do your duty." 

"Oh, thanks!" 

"So mother told me. For goodness sake get the 
tickets; here comes that hot woman again! She has the 
impudence to bow." 

"Mother told you, did she?" said Philip wrathfully, 
as he went to struggle for tickets at a slit so narrow 
that they were handed to him edgeways. Italy was 
beastly, and Florence station is the centre of beastly 
Italy. But he had a strange feeling that he was to 
blame for it all; that a little influx into him of virtue 
would make the whole land not beastly but amusing. 
For there was enchantment, he was sure of that; solid 
enchantment, which lay behind the porters and the 
screaming and the dust. He could see it in the terrific 
blue sky beneath which they travelled, in the whitened 
plain which gripped life tighter than a frost, in the 
exhausted reaches of the Arno, in the ruins of brown 
castles which stood quivering upon the hills. He could 
see it, though his head ached and his skin was twitch- 
ing, though he was here as a puppet, and though his 
sister knew how he was here. There was nothing pleas- 
ant in that journey to Monteriano station. But noth- 
ing not even the discomfort was commonplace. 

"But do people live inside?" asked Harriet. They 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 97 

had exchanged railway-carriage for the legno, and the 
legno had emerged from the withered trees, and had 
revealed to them their destination. Philip, to be an- 
noying, answered "No." 

"What do they do there?" continued Harriet, with 
a frown. 

"There is a caffe. A prison. A theatre. A church. 
Walls. A view." 

"Not for me, thank you," said Harriet, after a 
weighty pause. 

"Nobody asked you, Miss, you see. Now Lilia was 
asked by such a nice young gentleman, with curls all 
over his forehead, and teeth just as white as father 
makes them." Then his manner changed. "But, Har- 
riet, do you see nothing wonderful or attractive in that 
place nothing at all?" 

"Nothing at all. It's frightful." 

"I know it is. But it's old awfully old." 

"Beauty is the only test," said Harriet. "At least so 
you told me when I sketched old buildings for the 
sake, I suppose, of making yourself unpleasant." 

"Oh, I'm perfectly right. But at the same time I 
don't know so many things have happened here 
people have lived so hard and so splendidly I can't 
explain." 

"I shouldn't think you could. It doesn't seem the 
best moment to begin your Italy mania. I thought you 
were cured of it by now. Instead, will you kindly tell 
me what you are going to do when you arrive. I do 
beg you will not be taken unawares this time." 

"First, Harriet, I shall settle you at the Stella 
d' Italia, in the comfort that befits your sex and dis- 
position. Then I shall make myself some tea. After tea 



98 E. M. FORSTER 

I shall take a book into Santa Deodata's, and read 
there. It is always fresh and cool." 

The martyred Harriet exclaimed, "I'm not clever, 
Philip. I don't go in for it, as you know. But I know 
what's rude. And I know what's wrong." 

"Meaning ?" 

"You!" she shouted, bouncing on the cushions of 
the legno and startling all the fleas. "What's the good 
of cleverness if a man's murdered a woman?" 

"Harriet, I am hot. To whom do you refer?" 

"He. Her. If you don't look out he'll murder you. I 
wish he would." 

"Tut tut, tutlet! You'd find a corpse extraordinar- 
ily inconvenient." Then he tried to be less aggravat- 
ing. "I heartily dislike the fellow, but we know he 
didn't murder her. In that letter, though she said a 
lot, she never said he was physically cruel." 

"He has murdered her. The things he did things 
one can't even mention " 

"Things which one must mention if one's to talk 
at all. And things which one must keep in their 
proper place. Because he was unfaithful to his wife, it 
doesn't follow that in every way he's absolutely vile." 
He looked at the city. It seemed to approve his re- 
mark. 

"It's the supreme test. The man who is unchival- 
rous to a woman " 

"Oh, stow it! Take it to the Back Kitchen. It's no 
more a supreme test than anything else. The Italians 
never were chivalrous from the first. If you condemn 
him for that, you'll condemn the whole lot." 

"I condemn the whole lot." 

"And the French as well?" 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 99 

"And the French as well." 

"Things aren't so jolly easy," said Philip, more to 
himself than to her. 

But for Harriet things were easy, though not jolly, 
and she turned upon her brother yet again. "What 
about the baby, pray? You've said a lot of smart things 
and whittled away morality and religion and I don't 
know what; but what about the baby? You think me 
a fool, but I've been noticing you all today, and you 
haven't mentioned the baby once. You haven't 
thought about it, even. You don't care. Philip! I shall 
not speak to you. You are intolerable." 

She kept her promise, and never opened her lips all 
the rest of the way. But her eyes glowed with anger 
and resolution. For she was a straight, brave woman, 
as well as a peevish one. 

Philip acknowledged her reproof to be true. He 
did not care about the baby one straw. Nevertheless, 
he meant to do his duty, and he was fairly confident 
of success. If Gino would have sold his wife for a 
thousand lire, for how much less would he not sell his 
child? It was just a commercial transaction. Why 
should it interfere with other things? His eyes were 
fixed on the towers again, just as they had been fixed 
when he drove with Miss Abbott. But this time his 
thoughts were pleasanter, for he had no such grave 
business on his mind. It was in the spirit of the cul- 
tivated tourist that he approached his destination. 

One of the towers, rough as any other, was 
topped by a cross the tower of the Collegiate Church 
of Santa Deodata. She was a holy maiden of the Dark 
Ages, the city's patron saint, and sweetness and bar- 
barity mingle strangely in her story. So holy was she 



1OO E. M. FORSTER 

that all her life she lay upon her back in the house of 
her mother, refusing to eat, refusing to play, refusing 
to work. The devil, envious of such sanctity, tempted 
her in various ways. He dangled grapes above her, he 
showed her fascinating toys, he pushed soft pillows 
beneath her aching head. When all proved vain he 
tripped up the mother and flung her downstairs be- 
fore her very eyes. But so holy was the saint that she 
never picked her mother up, but lay upon her back 
through all, and thus assured her throne in Paradise. 
She was only fifteen when she died, which shows how 
much is within the reach of any school-girl. Those 
who think her life was unpractical need only think of 
the victories upon Poggibonsi, San Gemignano, Vol- 
terra, Siena itself all gained through the invocation 
of her name; they need only look at the church which 
rose over her grave. The grand schemes for a marble 
facade were never carried out, and it is brown unfin- 
ished stone until this day. But for the inside Giotto 
was summoned to decorate the walls of the nave. 
Giotto came that is to say, he did not come, Ger- 
man research having decisively proved but at all 
events the nave is covered with frescoes, and so are 
two chapels in the left transept, and the arch into the 
choir, and there are scraps in the choir itself. There 
the decoration stopped, till in the full spring of the 
Renaissance a great painter came to pay a few weeks' 
visit to his friend the Lord of Monteriano. In the in- 
tervals between the banquets and the discussions on 
Latin etymology and the dancing, he would stroll over 
to the church, and there in the fifth chapel to the 
right he has painted two frescoes of the death and 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 101 

burial of Santa Deodata. That is why Baedeker gives 
the place a star. 

Santa Deodata was better company than Harriet, 
and she kept Philip in a pleasant dream until the 
legno drew up at the hotel. Every one there was 
asleep, for it was still the hour when only idiots were 
moving. There were not even any beggars about. The 
cabman put their bags down in the passage they had 
left heavy luggage at the station and strolled about 
till he came on the landlady's room and woke her, and 
sent her to them. 

Then Harriet pronounced the monosyllable "Go!" 

"Go where?" asked Philip, bowing to the landlady, 
who was swimming down the stairs. 

"To the Italian. Go." 

"Buona sera, signora padrona. Si ritorna volontieri 
a Monteriano!" (Don't be a goose. I'm not going now. 
You're in the way, too.) "Vorrei due camere " 

"Go. This instant. Now. I'll stand it no longer. 
Go!" 

"I'm damned if I'll go. I want my tea." 

"Swear if you like!" she cried. "Blaspheme! Abuse 
me! But understand, I'm in earnest." 

"Harriet, don't act. Or act better." 

"We've come here to get the baby back, and for 
nothing else. I'll not have this levity and slackness, 
and talk about pictures and churches. Think of 
mother; did she send you out for them?" 

"Think of mother and don't straddle across the 
stairs. Let the cabman and the landlady come down, 
and let me go up and choose rooms." 

"I shan't." 



1O2 E. M. FORSTER 

"Harriet, are you mad?" 

"If you like. But you will not come up till you have 
seen the Italian." 

"La signorina si sente male/' said Philip, "C e il 
sole." 

"Poveretta!" cried the landlady and the cabman. 

"Leave me alone!" said Harriet, snarling round at 
them. "I don't care for the lot of you. I'm English, 
and neither you'll come down nor he up till he goes 
for the baby." 

"La prego piano piano c e un' altra signorina 
che dorme " 

"We shall probably be arrested for brawling, Har- 
riet. Have you the very slightest sense of the ludi- 
crous?" 

Harriet had not; that was why she could be so pow- 
erful. She had concocted this scene in the carriage,, 
and nothing should baulk her of it. To the abuse in 
front and the coaxing behind she was equally indif- 
ferent. How long she would have stood like a glorified 
Horatius, keeping the staircase at both ends, was 
never to be known. For the young lady, whose sleep 
they were disturbing, awoke and opened her bed- 
room door, and came out on to the landing. She was 
Miss Abbott. 

Philip's first coherent feeling was one of indigna- 
tion. To be run by his mother and hectored by his sis- 
ter was as much as he could stand. The intervention 
of a third female drove him suddenly beyond politeness. 
He was about to say exactly what he thought about 
the thing from beginning to end. But before he could 
do so Harriet also had seen Miss Abbott. She uttered 
a shrill cry of joy. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 103 

"You, Caroline, here of all people!" And in spite of 
the heat she darted up the stairs and imprinted an 
affectionate kiss upon her friend. 

Philip had an inspiration. "You will have a lot to 
tell Miss Abbott, Harriet, and she may have as much 
to tell you. So Fll pay my call on Signer Carella, as 
you suggested, and see how things stand." 

Miss Abbott uttered some noise of greeting or 
alarm. He did not reply to it or approach nearer to 
her. Without even paying the cabman, he escaped 
into the street. 

"Tear each other's eyes out!" he cried, gesticulating 
at the facade of the hotel. "Give it to her, Harriet! 
Teach her to leave us alone. Give it to her, Caroline! 
Teach her to be grateful to you. Go it, ladies; go it!" 

Such people as observed him were interested, but 
did not conclude that he was mad. This aftermath 
of conversation is not unknown in Italy. 

He tried to think how amusing it was; but it would 
not do Miss Abbott's presence affected him too per- 
sonally. Either she suspected him of dishonesty, or 
else she was being dishonest herself. He preferred to 
suppose the latter. Perhaps she had seen Gino, and 
they had prepared some elaborate mortification for 
the Herritons. Perhaps Gino had sold the baby cheap 
to her for a joke: it was just the kind of joke that 
would appeal to him. Philip still remembered the 
laughter that had greeted his fruitless journey, and the 
uncouth push that had toppled him on to the bed. 
And whatever it might mean, Miss Abbott's presence 
spoilt the comedy: she would do nothing funny. 

During this short meditation he had walked 
through the city, and was out on the other side. 



104 E. M. FORSTER 

"Where does Signer Carella live?" he asked the men 
at the Dogana. 

"I'll show you," said a little girl, springing out of 
the ground as Italian children will. 

"She will show you/' said the Dogana men, nod- 
ding reassuringly. "Follow her always, always, and you 
will come to no harm. She is a trustworthy guide. 

^daughter." 
She is my -I cousin." 
[sister." 

Philip knew these relatives well: they ramify, if need 
be, all over the peninsula. 

"Do you chance to know whether Signer Carella is 
in?" he asked her. 

She had just seen him go in. Philip nodded. He 
was looking forward to the interview this time: it 
would be an intellectual duel with a man of no great 
intellect. What was Miss Abbott up to? That was one 
of the things he was going to discover. While she had 
it out with Harriet, he would have it out with Gino. 
He followed the Dogana's relative softly, like a 
diplomatist. 

He did not follow her long, for this was the Vol- 
terra gate, and the house was exactly opposite to it. 
In half a minute they had scrambled down the mule- 
track and reached the only practicable entrance. 
Philip laughed, partly at the thought of Lilia in such 
a building, partly in the confidence of victory. Mean- 
while the Dogana's relative lifted up her voice and 
gave a shout. 

For an impressive interval there was no reply. 
Then the figure of a woman appeared high up on the 
loggia. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 105 

"That is Perfetta," said the girl. 

"I want to see Signer Carella," cried Philip. 

"Out!" 

"Out/' echoed the girl complacently. 

"Why on earth did you say he was in?" He could 
have strangled her for temper. He had been just ripe 
for an interview just the right combination of indig- 
nation and acuteness: blood hot, brain cool. But 
nothing ever did go right in Monteriano. "When will 
he be back?" he called to Perfetta. It really was too 
bad. 

She did not know. He was away on business. He 
might be back this evening, he might not. He had 
gone to Poggibonsi. 

At the sound of this word the little girl put her fin- 
gers to her nose and swept them at the plain. She 
sang as she did so, even as her foremothers had sung 
seven hundred years back 

Poggibonizzi, fatti in Id, 
Che Monteriano si fa cittd! 

Then she asked Philip for a halfpenny. A German 
lady, friendly to the Past, had given her one that very 
spring. 

"I shall have to leave a message," he called. 

"Now Perfetta has gone for her basket," said the 
little girl. "When she returns she will lower it so. 
Then you will put your card into it. Then she will 
raise it thus. By this means " 

When Perfetta returned, Philip remembered to ask 
after the baby. It took longer to find than the basket, 
and he stood perspiring in the evening sun, trying to 
avoid the smell of the drains and to prevent the little 



106 E. M. FORSTER 

girl from singing against Poggibonsi. The olive-trees 
beside him were draped with the weekly or more 
probably the monthly wash. What a frightful spotty 
blouse! He could not think where he had seen it. 
Then he remembered that it was Lilia's. She had 
brought it "to hack about in" at Sawston, and had 
taken it to Italy because "in Italy anything does." He 
had rebuked her for the sentiment. 

"Beautiful as an angel!" bellowed Perfetta, holding 
out something which must be Lilia's baby. "But who 
am I addressing?" 

"Thank you here is my card." He had written on 
it a civil request to Gino for an interview next morn- 
ing. But before he placed it in the basket and revealed 
his identity, he wished to find something out. "Has a 
young lady happened to call here lately a young 
English lady?" 

Perfetta begged his pardon: she was a little deaf. 

"A young lady pale, large, tall." 

She did not quite catch. 

"A YOUNG LADY!" 

"Perfetta is deaf when she chooses," said the Do- 
gana's relative. At last Philip admitted the peculiarity 
and strode away. He paid off the detestable child at 
the Volterra gate. She got two nickel pieces and was 
not pleased, partly because it was too much, partly 
because he did not look pleased when he gave it to 
her. He caught her fathers and cousins winking at 
each other as he walked past them. Monteriano 
seemed in one conspiracy to make him look a fool. 
He felt tired and anxious and muddled, and not sure 
of anything except that his temper was lost. In this 
mood he returned to the Stella d'ltalia, and there, 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 107 

as he was ascending the stairs, Miss Abbott popped 
out of the dining-room on the first floor and beck- 
oned to him mysteriously. 

"I was going to make myself some tea," he said, 
with his hand still on the banisters. 

"I should be grateful " 

So he followed her into the dining-room and shut 
the door. 

"You see," she began, "Harriet knows nothing." 

"No more do I. He was out." 

"But what's that to do with it?" 

He presented her with an unpleasant smile. She 
fenced well, as he had noticed before. "He was out. 
You find me as ignorant as you have left Harriet." 

"What do you mean? Please, please Mr. Herriton, 
don't be mysterious: there isn't the time. Any mo- 
ment Harriet may be down, and we shan't have de- 
cided how to behave to her. Sawston was different: 
we had to keep up appearances. But here we must 
speak out, and I think I can trust you to do it. 
Otherwise we'll never start clear." 

"Pray let us start clear," said Philip, pacing up and 
down the room. "Permit me to begin by asking you 
a question. In which capacity have you come to Mon- 
teriano spy or traitor?" 

"Spy!" she answered, without a moment's hesita- 
tion. She was standing by the little Gothic window 
as she spoke the hotel had been a palace once 
and with her finger she was following the curves of 
the moulding as if they might feel beautiful and 
strange. "Spy," she repeated, for Philip was 
bewildered at learning her guilt so easily, and could 
not answer a word. "Your mother has behaved dis- 



1O8 E. M. FORSTER 

honourably all through. She never wanted the child; 
no harm in that; but she is too proud to let it come 
to me. She has done all she could to wreck things; 
she did not tell you everything; she has told Harriet 
nothing at all; she has lied or acted lies everywhere. I 
cannot trust your mother. So I have come here alone 
all across Europe; no one knows it; my father thinks 
I am in Normandy to spy on Mrs. Herriton. Don't 
let's argue!" for he had begun, almost mechanically, 
to rebuke her for impertinence. "If you are here to get 
the child, I will help you; if you are here to fail, I shall 
get it instead of you." 

"It is hopeless to expect you to believe me," he 
stammered. "But I can assert that we are here to get 
the child, even if it costs us all we've got. My mother 
has fixed no money limit whatever. I am here to carry 
out her instructions. I think that you will approve of 
them, as you have practically dictated them. I do not 
approve of them. They are absurd." 

She nodded carelessly. She did not mind what he 
said. All she wanted was to get the baby out of Mon- 
teriano, 

"Harriet also carries out your instructions," he con- 
tinued. "She, however, approves of them, and does 
not know that they proceed from you. I think, Miss 
Abbott, you had better take entire charge of the res- 
cue party. I have asked for an interview with Signor 
Carella tomorrow morning. Do you acquiesce?" 

She nodded again. 

"Might I ask for details of your interview with him? 
They might be helpful to me." 

He had spoken at random. To his delight she sud- 
denly collapsed. Her hand fell from the window. Her 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 109 

face was red with more than the reflection of evening. 

"My interview how do you know of it?" 

"From Perfetta, if it interests you." 

"Who ever is Perfetta?" 

"The woman who must have let you in." 

"In where?" 

"Into Signor Carella's house." 

"Mr. Herriton!" she exclaimed. "How could you 
believe her? Do you suppose that I would have en- 
tered that man's house, knowing about him all that I 
do? I think you have very odd ideas of what is possible 
for a lady. I hear you wanted Harriet to go. Very prop- 
erly she refused. Eighteen months ago I might have 
done such a thing. But I trust I have learnt how to be- 
have by now." 

Philip began to see that there were two Miss Ab- 
botts the Miss Abbott who could travel alone to 
Monteriano, and the Miss Abbott who could not en- 
ter Gino's house when she got there. It was an amus- 
ing discovery. Which of them would respond to his 
next move? 

"I suppose I misunderstood Perfetta. Where did 
you have your interview, then?" 

"Not an interview an accident I am very sorry 
I meant you to have the chance of seeing him first. 
Though it is your fault. You are a day late. You were 
due here yesterday. So I came yesterday, and, not find- 
ing you, went up to the Rocca you know that 
kitchen-garden where they let you in, and there is a 
ladder up to a broken tower, where you can stand and 
see all the other towers below you and the plain and 
all the other hills?" 

"Yes, yes. I know the Rocca; I told you of it." 



HO E. M. FORSTER 

"So I went up in the evening for the sunset: I had 
nothing to do. He was in the garden: it belongs to a 
friend of his." 

"And you talked/' 

"It was very awkward for me. But I had to talk: 
he seemed to make me. You see he thought I was 
here as a tourist; he thinks so still. He intended to be 
civil, and I judged it better to be civil also." 

"And of what did you talk?" 

"The weather there will be rain, he says, by to- 
morrow evening the other towns, England, myself, 
about you a little, and he actually mentioned Lilia. 
He was perfectly disgusting; he pretended he loved 
her; he offered to show me her grave the grave of the 
woman he has murdered!" 

"My dear Miss Abbott, he is not a murderer. I have 
just been driving that into Harriet. And when you 
know the Italians as well as I do, you will realize that 
in all that he said to you he was perfectly sincere. The 
Italians are essentially dramatic; they look on death 
and love as spectacles. I don't doubt that he per- 
suaded himself, for the moment, that he had behaved 
admirably, both as husband and widower." 

"You may be right," said Miss Abbott, impressed 
for the first time. "When I tried to pave the way, so 
to speak to hint that he had not behaved as he ought 
well, it was no good at all. He couldn't or wouldn't 
understand." 

There was something very humorous in the idea of 
Miss Abbott approaching Gino, on the Rocca, in the 
spirit of a district visitor. Philip, whose temper was 
returning, laughed. 

"Harriet would say he has no sense of sin." 



Where Angels Fear to Tread in 

"Harriet may be right, I am afraid." 

"If so, perhaps he isn't sinful!" 

Miss Abbott was not one to encourage levity. "I 
know what he has done," she said. "What he says and 
what he thinks is of very little importance." 

Philip smiled at her crudity. "I should like to hear, 
though, what he said about me. Is he preparing a 
warm reception?" 

"Oh, no, not that. I never told him that you and 
Harriet were coming. You could have taken him by 
surprise if you liked. He only asked for you, and 
wished he hadn't been so rude to you eighteen months 
ago." 

"What a memory the fellow has for little things!" 
He turned away as he spoke, for he did not want her 
to see his face. It was suffused with pleasure. For an 
apology, which would have been intolerable eighteen 
months ago, was gracious and agreeable now. 

She would not let this pass. "You did not think it 
a little thing at the time. You told me he had 
assaulted you." 

"I lost my temper," said Philip lightly. His vanity 
had been appeased, and he knew it. This tiny piece of 
civility had changed his mood. "Did he really what 
exactly did he say?" 

"He said he was sorry pleasantly, as Italians do 
say such things. But he never mentioned the baby 
once." 

What did the baby matter when the world was sud- 
denly right way up? Philip smiled, and was shocked 
at himself for smiling, and smiled again. For romance 
had come back to Italy; there were no cads in her; she 
was beautiful, courteous, lovable, as of old. And Miss 



112 E. M. FORSTER 

Abbott she, too, was beautiful in her way, for all her 
gaucheness and conventionality. She really cared 
about life, and tried to live it properly. And Harriet 
even Harriet tried. 

This admirable^jchange in Philip proceeds from 
nothing nTTminM-p; nnrf may thfigrfoie provoke the 
gibes of the ^yniral P^t a n gHs and other practical 
people will accept it reverently,, and write it down as 
good. 

"The view from the Rocca (small gratuity) is finest 
at sunset," he murmured, more to himself than to her. 

"And he never mentioned the baby once," Miss 
Abbott repeated. But she had returned to the win- 
dow, and again her finger pursued the delicate curves. 
He watched her in silence, and was more attracted to 
her than he had ever been before. She really was the 
strangest mixture. 

"The view from the Rocca wasn't it fine?" 

"What isn't fine here?" she answered gently, and 
then added, "I wish I was Harriet," throwing an extraor- 
dinary meaning into the words. 

"Because Harriet ?" 

She would not go further, but he believed that she 
had paid homage to the complexity of life. For her, 
at all events, the expedition was neither easy nor jolly. 
Beauty, evil, charm, vulgarity, mystery she also ac- 
knowledged this tangle, in spite of herself. And her 
voice thrilled him when she broke silence with "Mr. 
Herri ton come here look at this!" 

She removed a pile of plates from the Gothic win- 
dow, and they leant out of it. Close opposite, wedged 
between mean houses, there rose up one of the great 
towers. It is your tower: you stretch a barricade be- 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 113 

tween it and the hotel, and the traffic is blocked in a 
moment. Farther up, where the street empties out by 
the church, your connections, the Merli and the Capoc- 
chi, do likewise. They command the Piazza, you the 
Siena gate. No one can move in either but he shall 
be instantly slain, either by bows or by crossbows, or 
by Greek fire. Beware, however, of the back bedroom 
windows. For they are menaced by the tower of the 
Aldobrandeschi, and before now arrows have stuck 
quivering over the washstand. Guard these windows 
well, lest there be a repetition of the events of Feb- 
ruary 1338, when the hotel was surprised from the 
rear, and your dearest friend you could just make 
out that it was he was thrown at you over the stairs. 

"It reaches up to heaven," said Philip, "and down 
to the other place." The summit of the tower was 
radiant in the sun, while its base was in shadow and 
pasted over with advertisements. "Is it to be a symbol 
of the town?" 

She gave no hint that she understood him. But they 
remained together at the window because it was a lit- 
tle cooler and so pleasant. Philip found a certain grace 
and lightness in his companion which he had never 
noticed in England. She was appallingly narrow, but 
tier consciousness of wider things gave to her narrow- 
ness a pathetic charm. He did not suspect that he was 
more graceful too. For our vanity is such that we hold 
our own characters immutable, and we are slow to 
acknowledge that they have changed, even for the 
better. 

Citizens came out for a little stroll before dinner. 
Some of them stood and gazed at the advertisements 
on the tower. 



114 E - M - FORSTER 

"Surely that isn't an opera-bill?" said Miss Abbott. 

Philip put on his pince-nez. " 'Lucia di Lammer- 
moor. By the Master Donizetti. Unique representa- 
tion. This evening/ " 

"But is there an opera? Right up here?" 

"Why, yes. These people know how to live. They 
would sooner have a thing bad than not have it at all. 
That is why they have got to have so much that is 
good. However bad the performance is tonight, it will 
be alive. Italians don't love music silently, like the 
beastly Germans. The audience takes its share some- 
times more." 

"Can't we go?" 

He turned on her, but not unkindly. "But we're 
here to rescue a child!" 

He cursed himself for the remark. All the pleasure 
and the light went out of her face, and she became 
again Miss Abbott of Sawston good, oh, most un- 
doubtedly good, but most appallingly dull. Dull and 
remorseful: it is a deadly combination, and he strove 
against it in vain till he was interrupted by the open- 
ing of the dining-room door. 

They started as guiltily as if they had been flirting. 
Their interview had taken such an unexpected course. 
Anger, cynicism, stubborn morality all had ended 
in a feeling of good-will towards each other and to- 
wards the city which had received them. And now 
Harriet was here acrid, indissoluble, large; the same 
in Italy as in England changing her disposition 
never, and her atmosphere under protest. 

Yet even Harriet was human, and the better for 
a little tea. She did not scold Philip for finding Gino 
out, as she might reasonably have done. She showered 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 115 

civilities on Miss Abbott, exclaiming again and again 
that Caroline's visit was one of the most fortunate 
coincidences in the world. Caroline did not contradict 
her. 

"You see him tomorrow at ten, Philip. Well, don't 
forget the blank cheque. Say an hour for the busi- 
ness. No, Italians are so slow; say two. Twelve o'clock. 
Lunch. Well then it's no good going till the evening 
train. I can manage the baby as far as Florence " 

"My dear sister, you can't run on like that. You 
don't buy a pair of gloves in two hours, much less a 
baby." 

"Three hours, then, or four; or make him learn Eng- 
lish ways. At Florence we get a nurse " 

"But, Harriet," said Miss Abbott, "what if at 
first he was to refuse?" 

"I don't know the meaning of the word/' said Har- 
riet impressively. "I've told the landlady that Philip 
and I only want our rooms one night, and we shall 
keep to it." 

"I dare say it will be all right. But, as I told you, I 
thought the man I met on the Rocca a strange, dif- 
ficult man." 

"He's insolent to ladies, we know. But my brother 
can be trusted to bring him to his senses. That 
woman, Philip, whom you saw will carry the baby to 
the hotel. Of course you must tip her for it. And try, 
if you can, to get poor Lilia's silver bangles. They were 
nice quiet things, and will do for Irma. And there is 
an inlaid box I lent her lent, not gave to keep her 
handkerchiefs in. It's of no real value; but this is our 
only chance. Don't ask for it; but if you see it lying 
about, just say " 



Il6 E. M. FORSTER 

"No, Harriet; I'll try for the baby, but for nothing 
else. I promise to do that tomorrow, and to do it in 
the way you wish. But tonight, as we're all tired, 
we want a change of topic. We want relaxation. We 
want to go to the theatre." 

"Theatres here? And at such a moment?" 

"We should hardly enjoy it, with the great inter- 
view impending," said Miss Abbott, with an anxious 
glance at Philip. 

He did not betray her, but said, "Don't you think 
it's better than sitting in all the evening and getting 
nervous?" 

His sister shook her head. "Mother wouldn't like 
it. It would be most unsuitable almost irreverent. 
Besides all that, foreign theatres are notorious. Don't 
you remember those letters in the 'Church Family 
Newspaper'?" 

"But this is an opera 'Lucia di Lammermoor' 
Sir Walter Scott classical, you know." 

Harriet's face grew resigned. "Certainly one has so 
few opportunities of hearing music. It is sure to be 
very bad. But it might be better than sitting idle all 
the evening. We have no book, and I lost my crochet 
at Florence." 

"Good. Miss Abbott, you are coming too?" 

"It is very kind of you, Mr. Herriton. In some ways 
I should enjoy it; but excuse the suggestion I don't 
think we ought to go to cheap seats." 

"Good gracious me!" cried Harriet, "I should never 
have thought of that. As likely as not, we should have 
tried to save money and sat among the most awful 
people. One keeps on forgetting this is Italy." 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 117 

"Unfortunately I have no evening dress; and if the 
seats " 

"Oh, that'll be all right," said Philip, smiling at his 
timorous, scrupulous women-kind. "We'll go as we 
are, and buy the best we can get. Monteriano is not 
formal." 

So this strenuous day of resolutions, plans, alarms, 
battles, victories, defeats, truces, ended at the opera. 
Miss Abbott and Harriet were both a little shame- 
faced. They thought of their friends at Sawston, who 
were supposing them to be now tilting against the 
powers of evil. What would Mrs. Herriton, or Irma, 
or the curates at the Back Kitchen say if they could 
see the rescue party at a place of amusement on the 
very first day of its mission? Philip, too, marvelled at 
his wish to go. He began to see that he was enjoying 
his time in Monteriano, in spite of the tiresomeness 
of his companions and the occasional contrariness of 
himself. 

He had been to this theatre many years before, on 
the occasion of a performance of "La Zia di Carlo." 
Since then it had been thoroughly done up, in the 
tints of the beet-root and the tomato, and was in 
many other ways a credit to the little town. The or- 
chestra had been enlarged, some of the boxes had 
terra-cotta draperies, and over each box was now sus- 
pended an enormous tablet, neatly framed, bearing 
upon it the number of that box. There was also a drop- 
scene, representing a pink and purple landscape, 
wherein sported many a lady lightly clad, and two 
more ladies lay along the top of the proscenium to 
steady a large and pallid clock. So rich and so appall- 



Il8 E. M. FORSTER 

ing was the effect, that Philip could scarcely suppress 
a cry. There is something majestic in the bad taste of 
Italy; it is not the bad taste of a country which knows 
no better; it has not the nervous vulgarity of Eng- 
land, or the blinded vulgarity of Germany. It observes 
beauty, and chooses to pass it by. But it attains 
to beauty's confidence. This tiny theatre of Monteri- 
ano spraddled and swaggered with the best of them, 
and these ladies with their clock would have nodded 
to the young men on the ceiling of the Sistine. 

Philip had tried for a box, but all the best were 
taken: it was rather a grand performance, and he had 
to be content with stalls. Harriet was fretful and in- 
sular. Miss Abbott was pleasant, and insisted on 
praising everything: her only regret was that she had 
no pretty clothes with her. 

"We do all right," said Philip, amused at her un- 
wonted vanity. 

"Yes, I know; but pretty things pack as easily as 
ugly ones. We had no need to come to Italy like guys." 

This time he did not reply. "But we're here to res- 
cue a baby." For he saw a charming picture, as charm- 
ing a picture as he had seen for years the hot red 
theatre; outside the theatre, towers and dark gates and 
mediaeval walls; beyond the walls olive-trees in the 
starlight and white winding roads and fireflies and 
untroubled dust; and here in the middle of it all, Miss 
Abbott, wishing she had not come looking like a guy. 
She had made the right remark. Most undoubtedly 
she had made the right remark. This stiff suburban 
woman was unbending before the shrine. 

"Don't you like it at all?" he asked her. 






Where Angels Fear to Tread 119 

"Most awfully." And by this bald interchange they 
convinced each other that Romance was here. 

Harriet, meanwhile, had been coughing ominously 
at the drop-scene, which presently rose on the grounds 
of Ravenswood, and the chorus of Scotch retainers 
burst into cry. The audience accompanied with tap- 
pings and drummings, swaying in the melody like 
corn in the wind. Harriet, though she did not care for 
music, knew how to listen to it. She uttered an acid 
"Shish!" 

"Shut it," whispered her brother. 

"We must make a stand from the beginning. 
They're talking." 

"It is tiresome," murmured Miss Abbott; "but per- 
haps it isn't for us to interfere." 

Harriet shook her head and shished again. The peo- 
ple were quiet, not because it is wrong to talk during 
a chorus, but because it is natural to be civil to 
a visitor. For a little time she kept the whole house in 
order, and could smile at her brother complacently. 

Her success annoyed him. He had grasped the prin- 
ciple of opera in Italy it aims not at illusion but at 
entertainment and he did not want this great eve- 
ning-party to turn into a prayer-meeting. But soon the 
boxes began to fill, and Harriet's power was over. Fam- 
ilies greeted each other across the auditorium. People 
in the pit hailed their brothers and sons in the chorus, 
and told them how well they were singing. When 
Lucia appeared by the fountain there was loud ap- 
plause, and cries of "Welcome to Monteriano!" 

"Ridiculous babies!" said Harriet, settling down in 
her stall. 



120 E. M. FORSTER 

"Why, it is the famous hot lady of the Apennines," 
cried Philip; "the one who had never, never be- 
fore " 

"Ugh! Don't. She will be very vulgar. And I'm sure 
it's even worse here than in the tunnel. I wish we'd 
never " 

Lucia began to sing, and there was a moment's si- 
lence. She was stout and ugly; but her voice was still 
beautiful, and as she sang the theatre murmured like 
a hive of happy bees. All through the coloratura she 
was accompanied by sighs, and its top note was 
drowned in a shout of universal joy. 

So the opera proceeded. The singers drew inspira- 
tion from the audience, and the two great sextettes 
were rendered not unworthily. Miss Abbott fell into 
the spirit of the thing. She, too, chatted and laughed 
and applauded and encored, and rejoiced in the exist- 
ence of beauty. As for Philip, he forgot himself as 
well as his mission. He was not even an enthusiastic 
visitor. For he had been in this place always. It was 
his home. 

Harriet, like M. Bovary on a more famous occasion, 
was trying to follow the plot. Occasionally she 
nudged her companions, and asked them what had 
become of Walter Scott. She looked round grimly. 
The audience sounded drunk, and even Caroline, who 
never took a drop, was swaying oddly. Violent waves 
of excitement, all arising from very little, went sweep- 
ing round the theatre. The climax was reached in the 
mad scene. Lucia, clad in white, as befitted her mal- 
ady, suddenly gathered up her streaming hair and 
bowed her acknowledgment to the audience. Then 
from the back of the stage she feigned not to see it 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 121 

there advanced a kind of bamboo clothes-horse, 
stuck all over with bouquets. It was very ugly, and 
most of the flowers in it were false. Lucia knew this, 
and so did the audience; and they all knew that the 
clothes-horse was a piece of stage property, brought in 
to make the performance go year after year. None the 
less did it unloose the great deeps. With a scream of 
amazement and joy she embraced the animal, pulled 
out one or two practicable blossoms, pressed them to 
her lips, and flung them into her admirers. They flung 
them back, with loud melodious cries, and a little boy 
in one of the stageboxes snatched up his sister's carna- 
tions and offered them. "Che carino!" exclaimed the 
singer. She darted at the little boy and kissed him. 
Now the noise became tremendous. "Silence! silence!" 
shouted many old gentlemen behind. "Let the divine 
creature continue!" But the young men in the adja- 
cent box were imploring Lucia to extend her civility 
to them. She refused, with a humorous, expressive ges- 
ture. One of them hurled a bouquet at her. She 
spurned it with her foot. Then, encouraged by the 
roars of the audience, she picked it up and tossed it to 
them. Harriet was always unfortunate. The bouquet 
struck her full in the chest, and a little billet-doux fell 
out of it into her lap. 

"Call this classical!" she cried, rising from her seat. 
"It's not even respectable! Philip! take me out at 



once." 



"Whose is it?" shouted her brother, holding up the 
bouquet in one hand and the billet-doux in the 
other. "Whose is it?" 

The house exploded, and one of the boxes was vio- 
lently agitated, as if some one was being hauled to the 



122 E. M. FORSTER 

front. Harriet moved down the gangway, and com- 
pelled Miss Abbott to follow her. Philip, still laughing 
and calling "Whose is it?" brought up the rear. He 
was drunk with excitement. The heat, the fatigue, and 
the enjoyment had mounted into his head. 

"To the left!" the people cried. "The innamorato is 
to the left." 

He deserted his ladies and plunged towards the 
box. A young man was flung stomach downwards 
across the balustrade. Philip handed him up the bou- 
quet and the note. Then his own hands were seized 
affectionately. It all seemed quite natural. 

"Why have you not written?" cried the young man. 
"Why do you take me by surprise?" 

"Oh, I've written," said Philip hilariously. "I left a 
note this afternoon." 

"Silence! silence!" cried the audience, who were 
beginning to have enough. "Let the divine creature 
continue." Miss Abbott and Harriet had disappeared. 

"No! no!" cried the young man. "You don't escape 
me now." For Philip was trying feebly to disengage 
his hands. Amiable youths bent out of the box and 
invited him to enter it. 

"Gino's friends are ours " 

"Friends?" cried Gino. "A relative! A brother! Fra 
Filippo, who has come all the way from England and 
never written." 

"I left a message." 

The audience began to hiss. 

"Come in to us." 

"Thank you ladies there is not time " 

The next moment he was swinging by his arms. The 
moment after he shot over the balustrade into the box. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 123 

Then the conductor, seeing that the incident was over, 
raised his baton. The house was hushed, and Lucia di 
Lammermoor resumed her song of madness and 
death. 

Philip had whispered introductions to the pleasant 
people who had pulled him in tradesmen's sons per- 
haps they were, or medical students, or solicitors' 
clerks, or sons of other dentists. There is no knowing 
who is who in Italy. The guest of the evening was a 
private soldier. He shared the honour now with Philip. 
The two had to stand side by side in the front, and 
exchange compliments, whilst Gino presided, cour- 
teous, but delightfully familiar. Philip would have a 
spasm of horror at the muddle he had made. But the 
spasm would pass, and again he would be enchanted 
by the kind, cheerful voices, the laughter that was 
never vapid, and the light caress of the arm across his 
back. 

He could not get away till the play was nearly fin- 
ished, and Edgardo was singing amongst the tombs 
of ancestors. His new friends hoped to see him at the 
Garibaldi tomorrow evening. He promised; then he 
remembered that if they kept to Harriet's plan he 
would have left Monteriano. "At ten o'clock, then," 
he said to Gino. "I want to speak to you alone. At 
ten." 

"Certainly!" laughed the other. 

Miss Abbott was sitting up for him when he got 
back. Harriet, it seemed, had gone straight to bed. 

"That was he, wasn't it?" she asked. 

"Yes, rather." 

"I suppose you didn't settle anything?" 

"Why, no; how could I? The fact is well, I got 



124 E - M - FORSTER 

taken by surprise, but after all, what does it matter? 
There's no earthly reason why we shouldn't do the 
business pleasantly. He's a perfectly charming person, 
and so are his friends. I'm his friend now his long- 
lost brother. What's the harm? I tell you, Miss Ab- 
bott, it's one thing for England and another for 
Italy. There we plan and get on high moral horses. 
Here we find what asses we are, for things go off quite 
easily, all by themselves. My hat, what a night! Did 
you ever see a really purple sky and really silver stars 
before? Well, as I was saying, it's absurd to worry; he's 
not a porky father. He wants that baby as little as I 
do. He's been ragging my dear mother just as he 
ragged me eighteen months ago, and I've forgiven 
him. Oh, but he has a sense of humour!" 

Miss Abbott, too, had a wonderful evening, nor did 
she ever remember such stars or such a sky. Her head, 
too, was full of music, and that night when she opened 
the window her room was filled with warm, sweet air. 
She was bathed in beauty within and without; she 
could not go to bed for happiness. Had she ever been 
so happy before? Yes, once before, and here, a night 
in March, the night Gino and Lilia had told her of 
their love the night whose evil she had come now 
to undo. 

She gave a sudden cry of shame. "This time the 
same place the same thing" and she began to beat 
down her happiness, knowing it to be sinful. She was 
here to fight against this place, to rescue a little soul 
who was innocent as yet. She was here to champion 
morality and purity, and the holy life of an English 
home. In the spring she had sinned through igno- 
rance; she was not ignorant now. "Help me!" she cried, 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 125 

and shut the window as if there was magic in the en- 
circling air. But the tunes would not go out of her 
head, and all night long she was troubled by torrents 
of music, and by applause and laughter, and angry 
young men who shouted the distich out of Baedeker: 

Poggibonizzi fatti in la, 
Che Monteriano si fa cittal 

Poggibonsi was revealed to her as they sang a joy- 
less, straggling place, full of people who pretended. 
When she woke up she knew that it had been Saw- 
ston. 



CHAPTER VII 

At about nine o'clock next morning Perfetta went out 
on to the loggia, not to look at the view, but to throw 
some dirty water at it. "Scusi tanto!" she wailed, for 
the water spattered a tall young lady who had for some 
time been tapping at the lower door. 

"Is Signer Carella in?" the young lady asked. It was 
no business of Perfetta's to be shocked, and the style 
of the visitor seemed to demand the reception-room. 
Accordingly she opened its shutters, dusted a round 
patch on one of the horsehair chairs, and bade the 
lady do herself the inconvenience of sitting down. 
Then she ran into Monteriano and shouted up and 
down its streets until such time as her young master 
should hear her. 

The reception-room was sacred to the dead wife. 
Her shiny portrait hung upon the wall similar, doubt- 



126 E. M. FORSTER 

less, in all respects to the one which would be 
pasted on her tombstone. A little piece of black dra- 
pery had been tacked above the frame to lend a dignity 
to woe. But two of the tacks had fallen out, and the 
effect was now rakish, as of a drunkard's bonnet. A 
coon song lay open on the piano, and of the two- 
tables one supported Baedeker's "Central Italy," the 
other Harriet's inlaid box. And over everything there 
lay a deposit of heavy white dust, which was 
only blown off one moment to thicken on another. It 
is well to be remembered with love. It is not so very 
dreadful to be forgotten entirely. But if we shall resent 
anything on earth at all, we shall resent the consecra- 
tion of a deserted room. 

Miss Abbott did not sit down, partly because the 
antimacassars might harbour fleas, partly because she 
had suddenly felt faint, and was glad to cling on to 
the funnel of the stove. She struggled with herself, for 
she had need to be very calm; only if she was very 
calm might her behaviour be justified. She had broken 
faith with Philip and Harriet: she was going to try for 
the baby before they did. If she failed she could 
scarcely look them in the face again. 

"Harriet and her brother," she reasoned, "don't 
realize what is before them. She would bluster and be 
rude; he would be pleasant and take it as a joke. Both 
of them even if they offered money would fail. But 
I begin to understand the man's nature; he does not 
love the child, but he will be touchy about it and 
that is quite as bad for us. He's charming, but he's no 
fool; he conquered me last year; he conquered Mr. 
Herriton yesterday, and if I am not careful he will 
conquer us all today, and the baby will grow up in 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 127 

Monteriano. He is terribly strong; Lilia found that 
out, but only I remember it now." 

This attempt, and this justification of it, were the 
results of the long and restless night. Miss Abbott had 
come to believe that she alone could do battle with 
Gino, because she alone understood him; and she had 
put this, as nicely as she could, in a note which she 
had left for Philip. It distressed her to write such a 
note, partly because her education inclined her to 
reverence the male, partly because she had got to like 
Philip a good deal after their last strange interview. 
His pettiness would be dispersed, and as for his "un- 
conventionality," which was so much gossiped about 
at Sawston, she began to see that it did not dif- 
fer greatly from certain familiar notions of her own. 
If only he would forgive her for what she was doing 
now, there might perhaps be before them a long and 
profitable friendship. But she must succeed. No one 
would forgive her if she did not succeed. She pre- 
pared to do battle with the powers of evil. 

The voice of her adversary was heard at last, singing 
fearlessly from his expanded lungs, like a profes- 
sional. Herein he differed from Englishmen, who al- 
ways have a little feeling against music, and sing only 
from the throat, apologetically. He padded upstairs, 
and looked in at the open door of the reception-room 
without seeing her. Her heart leapt and her throat was 
dry when he turned away and passed, still singing, 
into the room opposite. It is alarming not to be seen. 

He had left the door of this room open, and she 
could see into it, right across the landing. It was in a 
shocking mess. Food, bedclothes, patent-leather boots, 
dirty plates, and knives lay strewn over a large table 



128 E. M. FORSTER 

and on the floor. But it was the mess that comes of life, 
not of desolation. It was preferable to the charn el- 
chamber in which she was standing now, and the light 
in it was soft and large, as from some gracious, noble 
opening. 

He stopped singing, and cried "Where is Perfetta?" 

His back was turned, and he was lighting a cigar. 
He was not speaking to Miss Abbott. He could not 
even be expecting her. The vista of the landing and 
the two open doors made him both remote and sig- 
nificant, like an actor on the stage, intimate and un- 
approachable at the same time. She could no more 
call out to him than if he was Hamlet. 

"You know!" he continued, "but you will not tell 
me. Exactly like you." He reclined on the table and 
blew a fat smoke-ring. "And why won't you tell me 
the numbers? I have dreamt of a red hen that is two 
hundred and five, and a friend unexpected he means 
eighty-two. But I try for the Terno this week. So 
tell me another number." 

Miss Abbott did not know of the Tombola. His 
speech terrified her. She felt those subtle restrictions 
which come upon us in fatigue. Had she slept well 
she would have greeted him as soon as she saw him. 
Now it was impossible. He had got into another world. 

She watched his smoke-ring. The air had carried it 
slowly away from him, and brought it out intact upon 
the landing. 

"Two hundred and five eighty-two. In any case I 
shall put them on Bari, not on Florence. I cannot tell 
you why; I have a feeling this week for Bari." Again she 
tried to speak. But the ring mesmerized her. It had 
become vast and elliptical, and floated in at the recep- 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 129 

tion-room door. 

"Ah! you don't care if you get the profits. You 
won't even say 'Thank you, Gino.' Say it, or I'll drop 
hot, red-hot ashes on you. 'Thank you, Gino ' " 

The ring had extended its pale blue coils towards 
her. She lost self-control. It enveloped her. As if it was 
a breath from the pit, she screamed. 

There he was, wanting to know what had frightened 
her, how she had got here, why she had never spoken. 
He made her sit down. He brought her wine, which 
she refused. She had not one word to say to him. 

"What is it?" he repeated. "What has frightened 
you?" 

He, too, was frightened, and perspiration came start- 
ing through the tan. For it is a serious thing to have 
been watched. We all radiate something curiously in- 
timate when we believe ourselves to be alone. 

"Business " she said at last. 

"Business with me?" 

"Most important business." She was lying, white 
and limp, in the dusty chair. 

"Before business you must get well; this is the best 
wine." 

She refused it feebly. He poured out a glass. She 
drank it. As she did so she became self-conscious. 
However important the business, it was not proper 
of her to have called on him, or to accept his hos- 
pitality. 

"Perhaps you are engaged," she said. "And as I 
am not very well " 

"You are not well enough to go back. And I am not 
engaged." 

She looked nervously at the other room. 



13O E. M. FORSTER 

"Ah, now I understand/' he exclaimed. "Now I see 
what frightened you. But why did you never speak?" 
And taking her into the room where he lived, he 
pointed to the baby. 

She had thought so much about this baby, of its 
welfare, its soul, its morals, its probable defects. But, 
like most unmarried people, she had only thought of it 
as a word just as the healthy man only thinks of 
fine word death, not of death itself. The real thing, 
lying asleep on a dirty rug, disconcerted her. It did not 
stand for a principle any longer. It was so much flesh 
and blood, so many inches and ounces of life a glori- 
ous, unquestionable fact, which a man and another 
woman had given to the world. You could talk to 
it; in time it would answer you; in time it would not 
answer you unless it chose, but would secrete, within 
the compass of its body, thoughts and wonderful pas- 
sions of its own. And this was the machine on which 
she and Mrs. Herriton and Philip and Harriet had for 
the last month been exercising their various ideals 
had determined that in time it should move this way 
or that way, should accomplish this and not that. It 
was to be Low Church, it was to be high-principled, it 
was to be tactful, gentlemanly, artistic excellent 
things all. Yet now that she saw this baby, lying 
asleep on a dirty rug, she had a great disposition not 
to dictate one of them, and to exert no more influence 
than there may be in a kiss or in the vaguest of the 
heartfelt prayers. 

But she had practised self-discipline, and her 
thoughts and actions were not yet to correspond. To 
recover her self-esteem she tried to imagine that she 
was in her district, and to behave accordingly. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 131 

"What a fine child, Signor Carella. And how nice 
of you to talk to it. Though I see that the ungrateful . 
little fellow is asleep! Seven months? No, eight; of 
course eight. Still, he is a remarkably fine child for 
his age." 

Italian is a bad medium for condescension. The 
patronizing words came out gracious and sincere, and 
he smiled with pleasure. f 

"You must not stand. Let us sit on the loggia, where 
it is cool. I am afraid the room is very untidy," 
he added, with the air of a hostess who apologizes 
for a stray thread on the drawing-room carpet. Miss 
Abbott picked her way to the chair. He sat near her, 
astride the parapet, with one foot in the loggia and 
the other dangling into the view. His face was in pro- 
file, and its beautiful contours drove artfully against 
the misty green of the opposing hills. "Posing!" said 
Miss Abbott to herself. "A born artist's model." 

"Mr. Herriton called yesterday," she began, "but 
you were out." ? 

He started an elaborate and graceful explanation. 
He had gone for the day to Poggibonsi. Why had the 
Herritons not written to him, so that he could have 
received them properly? Poggibonsi would have done 
any day; not but what his business there was fairly 
important. What did she suppose that it was? 

Naturally she was not greatly interested. She had 
not come from Sawston to guess why he had been to 
Poggibonsi. She answered politely that she had no 
idea, and returned to her mission. 

"But guess!" he persisted, clapping the balustrade 
between his hands. 

She suggested, with gentle sarcasm, that perhaps he 



132 E. M. FORSTER 

had gone to Poggibonsi to find something to do. 

He intimated that it was not as important as all 
that. Something to do an almost hopeless quest! "E 
manca questo!" He rubbed his thumb and forefinger 
together, to indicate that he had no money. Then he 
sighed, and blew another smoke-ring. Miss Abbott 
took heart and turned diplomatic. 

"This house/' she said, "is a large house." 

"Exactly," was his gloomy reply. "And when my 

poor wife died " He got up, went in, and walked 

across the landing to the reception-room door, which 
he closed reverently. Then he shut the door of the liv- 
ing-room with his foot, returned briskly to his seat, 
and continued his sentence. "When my poor wife died 
I thought of having my relatives to live here. My fa- 
ther wished to give up his practice at Empoli; my 
mother and sisters and two aunts were also willing. 
But it was impossible. They have their ways of doing 
things, and when I was younger I was content with 
them. But now I am a man. I have my own ways. Do 
you understand?" 

, "Yes, I do," said Miss Abbott, thinking of her own 
dear father, whose tricks and habits, after twenty-five 
years spent in their company, were beginning to get 
on her nerves. She remembered, though, that she was 
not here to sympathize with Gino at all events, not 
to show that she sympathized. She also reminded her- 
self that he was not worthy of sympathy. "It is a large 
house," she repeated. 

"Immense; and the taxes! But it will be better 

when Ah! but you have never guessed why I went 

to Poggibonsi why it was that I was out when he 
called." 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 133 

"I cannot guess, Signer Carella. I am here on busi- 
ness." 

"But try." 

"I cannot; I hardly know you." 

"But we are old friends," he said, "and your ap- 
proval will be grateful to me. You gave it me once be- 
fore. Will you give it now?" 

"I have not come as a friend this time," she 
answered stiffly. "I am not likely, Signer Carella, to ap- 
prove of anything you do." 

"Oh, Signorina!" He laughed, as if he found her 
piquant and amusing. "Surely you approve of mar- 
riage?" 

"Where there is love," said Miss Abbott, looking at 
him hard. His face had altered in the last year, but not 
for the worse, which was baffling. 

"Where there is love," said he, politely echoing the 
English view. Then he smiled on her, expecting con- 
gratulations. 

"Do I understand that you are proposing to marry 
again?" 

He nodded. 

"I forbid you, then!" 

He looked puzzled, but took it for some foreign ban- 
ter, and laughed. 

"I forbid you!" repeated Miss Abbott, and all the 
indignation of her sex and her nationality went thrill- 
ing through the words. 

"But why?" He jumped up, frowning. His voice was 
squeaky and petulant, like that of a child who is sud- 
denly forbidden a toy. 

"You have ruined one woman; I forbid you to ruin 
another. It is not a year since Lilia died. You 



134 E - M - FORSTER 

pretended to me the other day that you loved her. It 
is a lie. You wanted her money. Has this woman 
money too?" 

"Why, yes!" he said irritably. "A little." 

"And I suppose you will say that you love her." 

"I shall not say it. It will be untrue. Now my poor 

wife " He stopped, seeing that the comparison 

would involve him in difficulties. And indeed he had 
often found Lilia as agreeable as any one else. 

Miss Abbott was furious at this final insult to her 
dead acquaintance. She was glad that after all she 
could be so angry with the boy. She glowed and 
throbbed; her tongue moved nimbly. At the finish, if 
the real business of the day had been completed, she 
could have swept majestically from the house. But the 
baby still remained, asleep on a dirty rug. 

Gino was thoughtful, and stood scratching his head. 
He respected Miss Abbott. He wished that she would 
respect him. "So you do not advise me?" he said dole- 
fully. "But why should it be a failure?" 

Miss Abbott tried to remember that he was really a 
child still a child with the strength and the passions 
of a disreputable man. "How can it succeed," she said 
solemnly, "where there is no love?" 

"But she does love me! I forgot to tell you that." 

"Indeed." 

"Passionately." He laid his hand upon his own 
heart. 

"Then God help her!" 

He stamped impatiently. "Whatever I say displeases 
you, Signorina. God help you, for you are most un- 
fair. You say that I ill-treated my dear wife. It is not 
so. I have never ill-treated any one. You complain that 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 135 

there is no love in this marriage. I prove that there is, 
and you become still more angry. What do you want? 
Do you suppose she will not be contented? Glad 
enough she is to get me, and she will do her duty 
well." 

"Her duty!" cried Miss Abbott, with all the bitter- 
ness of which she was capable. 

"Why, of course. She knows why I am marrying 
her." 

"To succeed where Lilia failed! To be your house- 
keeper, your slave, you " The words she would 

like to have said were too violent for her. 

"To look after the baby, certainly," said he. 

"The baby ?" She had forgotten it. 

"It is an English marriage," he said proudly. "I do 
not care about the money. I am having her for my son. 
Did you not understand that?" 

"No," said Miss Abbott, utterly bewildered. Then, 
for a moment, she saw light. "It is not necessary, 
Signer Carella. Since you are tired of the baby " 

Ever after she remembered it to her credit that she 
saw her mistake at once. "I don't mean that," she 
added quickly. 

"I know," was his courteous response. "Ah, in a 
foreign language (and how perfectly you speak Italian) 
one is certain to make slips." 

She looked at his face. It was apparently innocent 
of satire. 

"You meant that we could not always be together 
yet, he and I. You are right. What is to be done? I can- 
not afford a nurse, and Perfetta is too rough. When he 
was ill I dare not let her touch him. When he has to be 
washed, which happens now and then, who does it? I. 



136 E. M. FORSTER 

I feed him, or settle what he shall have. I sleep with 
him and comfort him when he is unhappy in the night. 
No one talks, no one may sing to him but I. Do not 
be unfair this time; I like to do these things. But never- 
theless (his voice became pathetic) they take up a 
great deal of time, and are not all suitable for a young 
man." 

"Not at all suitable," said Miss Abbott, and closed 
her eyes wearily. Each moment her difficulties were in- 
creasing. She wished that she was not so tired, so open 
to contradictory impressions. She longed for Harriet's 
burly obtuseness or for the soulless diplomacy of Mrs. 
Herriton. 

"A little more wine?" asked Gino kindly. 

"Oh, no, thank you! But marriage, Signer Carella, 
is a very serious step. Could you not manage more sim- 
ply? Your relative, for example " 

"Empoli! I would as soon have him in England!" 

"England, then " 

He laughed. 

"He has a grandmother there, you know Mrs. 
Theobald." 

"He has a grandmother here. No, he is troublesome, 
but I must have him with me. I will not even have my 
father and mother too. For they would separate us," 
he added. 

"How?" 

"They would separate our thoughts." 

She was silent. This cruel, vicious fellow knew of 
strange refinements. The horrible truth, that wicked 
people are capable of love, stood naked before her, and 
her moral being was abashed. It was her duty to rescue 
the baby, to save it from contagion, and she still 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 137 

meant to do her duty. But the comfortable sense of 
virtue left her. She was in the presence of something 
greater than right or wrong. 

Forgetting that this was an interview, he had strolled 
back into the room, driven by the instinct she had 
aroused in him. "Wake up!" he cried to his baby, as if 
it was some grown-up friend. Then he lifted his foot 
and trod lightly on its stomach. 

Miss Abbott cried, "Oh, take care!" She was unac- 
customed to this method of awakening the young. 

"He is not much longer than my boot, is he? Can 
you believe that in time his own boots will be as large? 
And that he also " 

"But ought you to treat him like that?" 

He stood with one foot resting on the little body, 
suddenly musing, filled with the desire that his son 
should be like him, and should have sons like him, to 
people the earth. It is the strongest desire that can 
come to a man if it comes to him at all stronger 
even than love or the desire for personal immortality. 
All men vaunt it, and declare that it is theirs; but the 
hearts of most are set elsewhere. \ It is the exception^ 
who comprehends that physical and spiritual life 
may stream out of him for ever. j Miss Abbott, for all 
her goodness, could not comprehend it, though such a 
thing is more within the comprehension of women. 
And when Gino pointed first to himself and then to 
his baby and said "father son," she still took it as a 
piece of nursery prattle, and smiled mechanically. 

The child, the first fruits, woke up and glared at her. 
Gino did not greet it, but continued the exposition 
of his policy. 

"This woman will do exactly what I tell her. She is 



138 E. M. FORSTER 

fond of children. She is clean; she has a pleasant voice. 
She is not beautiful; I cannot pretend that to you for 
a moment. But she is what I require." 

The baby gave a piercing yell. 

"Oh, do take care!" begged Miss Abbott. "You are 
squeezing it." 

"It is nothing. If he cries silently then you may be 
frightened. He thinks I am going to wash him, and he 
is quite right." 

"Wash him!" she cried. "You? Here?" The homely 
piece of news seemed to shatter all her plans. She had 
spent a long half-hour in elaborate approaches, in high 
moral attacks; she had neither frightened her enemy 
nor made him angry, nor interfered with the least de- 
tail of his domestic life. 

"I had gone to the Farmacia," he continued, "and 
was sitting there comfortably, when suddenly I remem- 
bered that Perfetta had heated water an hour ago 
over there, look, covered with a cushion. I came awa) 
at once, for really he must be washed. You must ex- 
cuse me. I can put it off no longer." 

"I have wasted your time," she said feebly. 

He walked sternly to the loggia and drew from it a 
large earthenware bowl. It was dirty inside; he dusted 
it with a tablecloth. Then he fetched the hot water, 
which was in a copper pot. He poured it out. He 
added cold. He felt in his pocket and brought out a 
piece of soap. Then he took up the baby, and, holding 
his cigar between his teeth, began to unwrap it. Miss 
Abbott turned to go. 

"But why are you going? Excuse me if I wash him 
while we talk." 

"I have nothing more to say," said Miss Abbott. All 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 139 

she could do now was to find Philip, confess her miser- 
able defeat, and bid him go in her stead and prosper 
better. She cursed her feebleness; she longed to expose 
it, without apologies or tears. 

"Oh, but stop a moment!" he cried. "You have 
not seen him yet." 

"I have seen as much as I want, thank you." 

The last wrapping slid off. He held out to her in his 
two hands a little kicking image of bronze. 

"Take him!" 

She would not touch the child. 

"I must go at once," she cried; for the tears the 
wrong tears were hurrying to her eyes. 

"Who would have believed his mother was blonde? 
For he is brown all over -brown every inch of him. 
Ah, but how beautiful he is! And he is mine; mine for 
ever. Even if he hates me he will be mine. He cannot 
help it; he is made out of me; I am his father." 

It was too late to go. She could not tell why, but it 
was too late. She turned away her head when Gino 
lifted his son to his lips. This was something too re- 
mote from the prettiness of the nursery. The man was 
majestic; he was a part of Nature; in no ordinary love 
scene could he ever be so great. For a wonderful phys- 
ical tie binds the parents to the children; and by 
some sad, strange irony it does not bind us children 
to our parents. ^For if it did, if we could answer their 
love not with gratitude but with equal love, life would 
lose much of its pathos and much of its squalor, and 
we might be wonderfully happy? Gino passionately 
embracing, Miss Abbott reverently averting her eyes 
both of them had parents whom they did not love 
so very much. 



14O E. M. FORSTER 

"May I help you to wash him?" she asked humbly. 

He gave her his son without speaking, and they 
knelt side by side, tucking up their sleeves. The child 
had stopped crying, and his arms and legs were agi- 
tated by some overpowering joy. Miss Abbott had a 
woman's pleasure in cleaning anything more espe- 
cially when the thing was human. She understood little 
babies from long experience in a district, and Gino 
soon ceased to give her directions, and only gave her 
thanks. 

"It is very kind of you," he murmured, "especially in 
your beautiful dress. He is nearly clean already. Why, 
I take the whole morning! There is so much more of 
a baby than one expects. And Perfetta washes him 
just as she washes clothes. Then he screams for hours. 
My wife is to have a light hand. Ah, how he kicks! Has 
he splashed you? I am very sorry." 

"I am ready for a soft towel now," said Miss Abbott, 
who was strangely exalted by the service. 

"Certainly! certainly!" He strode in a knowing way 
to a cupboard. But he had no idea where the soft towel 
was. Generally he dabbed the baby on the first dry 
thing he found. 

"And if you had any powder." 

He struck his forehead despairingly. Apparently the 
stock of powder was just exhausted. 

She sacrificed her own clean handkerchief. He put a 
chair for her on the loggia, which faced westward, and 
was still pleasant and cool. There she sat, with twenty 
miles of view behind her, and he placed the dripping 
baby on her knee. It shone now with health and 
beauty: it seemed to reflect light, like a copper vessel. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 141 

Just such a baby Bellini sets languid on his mother's 
lap, or Signorelli flings wriggling on pavements of 
marble, or Lorenzo di Credi, more reverent but less 
divine, lays carefully among flowers, with his head 
upon a wisp of golden straw. For a time Gino con- 
templated them standing. Then, to get a better view, 
he knelt by the side of the chair, with his hands clasped 
before him. 

So they were when Philip entered, and saw, to all 
intents and purposes, the Virgin and Child, with 
Donor. 

"Hullo!" he exclaimed; for he was glad to find things 
in such cheerful trim. 

She did not greet him, but rose up unsteadily and 
handed the baby to his father. 

"No, do stop!" whispered Philip. "I got your note. 
I'm not offended; you're quite right. I really want you; 
I could never have done it alone." 

No words came from her, but she raised her hands to 
her mouth, like one who is in sudden agony. 

"Signorina, do stop a little after all your kindness." 

She burst into tears. 

"What is it?" said Philip kindly. 

She tried to speak, and then went away weeping 
bitterly. 

The two men stared at each other. By a common 
impulse they ran on to the loggia. They were just in 
time to see Miss Abbott disappear among the trees. 

"What is it?" asked Philip again. There was no an- 
swer, and somehow he did not want an answer. Some 
strange thing had happened which he could not pre- 
sume to understand. He would find out from Miss 



142 E. M. FORSTER 

Abbott, if ever he found out at all. 

"Well, your business," said Gino, after a puzzled 
sigh. 

"Our business Miss Abbott has told you of that." 

"No." 

"But surely " 

"She came for business. But she forgot about it; so 
did I." 

Perfetta, who had a genius for missing people, now 
returned, loudly complaining of the size of Monteriano 
and the intricacies of its streets. Gino told her to watch 
the baby. Then he offered Philip a cigar, and they pro- 
ceeded to the business. 



CHAPTER VIII 

"Mad!" screamed Harriet, "absolutely stark, staring, 
raving mad!" 

Philip judged it better not to contradict her. 

"What's she here for? Answer me that. What's she 
doing in Monteriano in August? Why isn't she in Nor- 
mandy? Answer that. She won't. I can: she's come to 
thwart us; she's betrayed us got hold of mother's 
plans. Oh, goodness, my head!" 

He was unwise enough to reply, "You mustn't ac- 
cuse her of that. Though she is exasperating, she hasn't 
come here to betray us." 

"Then why has she come here? Answer me that." 

He made no answer. But fortunately his sister was 
too much agitated to wait for one. "Bursting in on me 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 143 

crying and looking a disgusting sight and says she 
has been to see the Italian. Couldn't even talk prop- 
erly; pretended she had changed her opinions. What 
are her opinions to us? I was very calm. I said: 'Miss 
Abbott, I think there is a little misapprehension in 

this matter. My mother, Mrs. Herriton ' Oh, 

goodness, my head! Of course you've failed don't 
trouble to answer I know you've failed. Where's the 
baby, pray? Of course you haven't got it. Dear sweet 
Caroline won't let you. Oh, yes, and we're to go away 
at once and trouble the father no more. Those are her 
commands. Commands! COMMANDS!" And Harriet 
also burst into tears. 

Philip governed his temper. His sister was annoying, 
but quite reasonable in her indignation. Moreover, 
Miss Abbott had behaved even worse than she sup- 
posed. 

"I've not got the baby, Harriet, but at the same time 
I haven't exactly failed. I and Signor Carella are to 
have another interview this afternoon, at the Caffe 
Garibaldi. He is perfectly reasonable and pleasant. 
Should you be disposed to come with me, you would 
find him quite willing to discuss things. He is desper- 
ately in want of money, and has no prospect of get- 
ting any. I discovered that. At the same time, he has 
a certain affection for the child." For Philip's insight, 
or perhaps his opportunities, had not been equal to 
Miss Abbott's. 

Harriet would only sob, and accuse her brother of 
insulting her; how could a lady speak to such a horrible 
man? That, and nothing else, was enough to stamp 
Caroline. Oh, poor Lilia! 

Philip drummed on the bedroom window-sill. He 



144 E - M - FORSTER 

saw no escape from the deadlock. For though he spoke 
cheerfully about his second interview with Gino, he 
felt at the bottom of his heart that it would fail. Gino 
was too courteous: he would not break off negotiations 
by sharp denial; he loved this civil, half-humorous bar- 
gaining. And he loved fooling his opponent, and did 
it so nicely that his opponent did not mind being 
fooled. 

"Miss Abbott has behaved extraordinarily," he said 
at last; "but at the same time " 

His sister would not hear him. She burst forth again 
on the madness, the interference, the intolerable du- 
plicity of Caroline. 

"Harriet, you must listen. My dear, you must stop 
crying. I have something quite important to say." 

"I shall not stop crying," said she. But in time, find- 
ing that he would not speak to her, she did stop. 

"Remember that Miss Abbott has done us no harm. 
She said nothing to him about the matter. He assumes 
that she is working with us: I gathered that." 

"Well, she isn't." 

"Yes; but if you're careful she may be. I interpret 
her behaviour thus: She went to see him, honestly in- 
tending to get the child away. In the note she left me 
she says so, and I don't believe she'd lie." 

"I do." 

"When she got there, there was some pretty domes- 
tic scene between him and the baby, and she has got 
swept off in a gush of sentimentalism. Before very long, 
if I know anything about psychology, there will be a 
reaction. She'll be swept back." 

"I don't understand your long words. Say 
plainly " 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 145 

"When she's swept back, she'll be invaluable. For 
she has made quite an impression on him. He thinks 
her so nice with the baby. You know, she washed it 
for him." 

"Disgusting!" 

Harriet's ejaculations were more aggravating than 
the rest of her. But Philip was averse to losing his tem- 
per. The access of joy that had come to him yesterday 
in the theatre promised to be permanent. He was more 
anxious than heretofore to be charitable towards the 
world. 

"If you want to carry off the baby, keep your peace 
with Miss Abbott. For if she chooses, she can help you 
better than I can." 

"There can be no peace between me and her," said 
Harriet gloomily. 

-Did you " 

"Oh, not all I wanted. She went away before I had 
finished speaking just like those cowardly people! 
into the church." 

"Into Santa Deodata's?" 

"Yes; I'm sure she needs it. Anything more un- 
christian " 

In time Philip went to the church also, leaving his 
sister a little calmer and a little disposed to think over 
his advice. What had come over Miss Abbott? He had 
always thought her both stable and sincere. That con- 
versation he had had with her last Christmas in the 
train to Charing Cross that alone furnished him with 
a parallel. For the second time, Monteriano must have 
turned her head. He was not angry with her, for he was 
quite indifferent to the outcome of their expedition. 
He was only extremely interested. 



146 E. M. FORSTER 

It was now nearly midday, and the streets were clear- 
ing. But the intense heat had broken, and there was a 
pleasant suggestion of rain. The Piazza, with its three 
great attractions the Palazzo Pubblico, the Collegiate 
Church, and the Gaffe Garibaldi: the intellect, the 
soul, and the body had never looked more charming. 
For a moment Philip stood in its centre, much in- 
clined to be dreamy, and thinking how wonderful it 
must feel to belong to a city, however mean. He was 
here, however, as an emissary of civilization and as a 
student of character, and, after a sigh, he entered Santa 
Deodata's to continue his mission. 

There had been a festa two days before, and the 
church still smelt of incense and of garlic. The little 
son of the sacristan was sweeping the nave, more for 
amusement than for cleanliness, sending great clouds 
of dust over the frescoes and the scattered worshippers. 
The sacristan himself had propped a ladder in the 
centre of the Deluge which fills one of the nave span- 
drels and was freeing a column from its wealth of 
scarlet calico. Much scarlet calico also lay upon the 
floor for the church can look as fine as any theatre 
and the sacristan's little daughter was trying to fold 
it up. She was wearing a tinsel crown. The crown really 
belonged to St. Augustine. But it had been cut too 
big: it fell down over his cheeks like a collar: you 
never saw anything so absurd. One of the canons had 
unhooked it just before the fiesta began, and had given 
it to the sacristan's daughter. 

"Please," cried Philip, "is there an English lady 
here?" 

The man's mouth was full of tin-tacks, but he 
nodded cheerfully towards a kneeling figure. In the 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 147 

midst of this confusion Miss Abbott was praying. 

He was not much surprised: a spiritual breakdown 
was quite to be expected. For though he was growing 
more charitable towards mankind, he was still a little 
jaunty, and too apt to stake out beforehand the course, 
that will be pursued by the wounded soul. It did not 
surprise him, however, that she should greet him natu- 
rally, with none of the sour self-consciousness of a 
person who had just risen from her knees. This was 
indeed the spirit of Santa Deodata's, where a prayer 
to God is thought none the worse of because it comes 
next to a pleasant word to a neighbour. "I am sure 
that I need it," said she; and he, who had expected her 
to be ashamed, became confused, and knew not what 
to reply. 

"I've nothing to tell you," she continued. "I have 
simply changed straight round. If I had planned the 
whole thing out, I could not have treated you worse. 
I can talk it over now; but please believe that I have 
been crying." 

"And please believe that I have not come to scold 
you," said Philip. "I know what has happened." 

"What?" asked Miss Abbott. Instinctively she led 
the way to the famous chapel, the fifth chapel on the 
right, wherein Giovanni da Empoli has painted the 
death and burial of the saint. Here they could sit out 
of the dust and the noise, and proceed with a discus- 
sion which promised to be important. 

"What might have happened to me he had made 
you believe that he loved the child." 

"Oh, yes; he has. He will never give it up." 

"At present it is still unsettled." 

"It will never be settled." 



148 E. M. FORSTER 

"Perhaps not. Well, as I said, I know what has hap- 
pened, and I am not here to scold you. But I must ask 
you to withdraw from the thing for the present. Har- 
riet is furious. But she will calm down when she real- 
izes that you have done us no harm, and will do none." 

"I can do no more," she said. "But I tell you plainly 
I have changed sides." 

"If you do no more, that is all we want. You prom- 
ise not to prejudice our cause by speaking to Signer 
Carella?" 

"Oh, certainly. I don't want to speak to him again; 
I shan't ever see him again." 

"Quite nice, wasn't he?" 

"Quite." 

"Well, that's all I wanted to know. I'll go and tell 
Harriet of your promise, and I think things'll quiet 
down now." 

But he did not move, for it was an increasing pleas- 
ure to him to be near her, and her charm was at its 
strongest today. He thought less of psychology and 
feminine reaction. The gush of sentimentalism which 
had carried her away had only made her more alluring. 
He was content to observe her beauty and to profit by 
the tenderness and the wisdom that dwelt within her. 

"Why aren't you angry with me?" she asked, after a 
pause. 

"Because I understand you all sides, I think, 
Harriet, Signer Carella, even my mother." 

"You do understand wonderfully. You are the only 
one of us who has a general view of the muddle." 

He smiled with pleasure. It was the first time she 
had ever praised him. His eyes rested agreeably on 
Santa Deodata, who was dying in full sanctity, upon 



"Then another. If that fails I shall wire home for 
instructions. I dare say we may fail altogether, but we 
shall fail honourably." 

She had often been decided. But now behind her 
decision there was a note of passion. She struck him 
not as different, but as more important, and he minded 
it very much when she said 

"That's not doing anything! You would be doing 
something if you kidnapped the baby, or if you went 
straight away. But that! To fail honourably! To come 
out of the thing as well as you can! Is that all you are 
after?" 

"Why, yes," he stammered. "Since we talk openly, 
that is all I am after just now. What else is there? If 
I can persuade Signer Carella to give in, so much the 
better. If he won't, I must report the failure to my 
mother and then go home. Why, Miss Abbott, you 



150 E. M. FORSTER 

can't expect me to follow you through all these 
turns " 

"I don't! But I do expect you to settle what is right 
and to follow that. Do you want the child to stop with 
his father, who loves him and will bring him up badly, 
or do you want him to come to Sawston, where no 
one loves him, but where he will be brought up well? 
There is the question put dispassionately enough 
even for you. Settle it. Settle which side you'll fight on. 
But don't go talking about an 'honourable failure/ 
which means simply not thinking and not acting at all./'' 

"Because I understand the position of Signer Carella 
and of you, it's no reason that " 

"None at all. Fight as if you think us wrong. Oh, 
what's the use of your fair-mindedness if you never 
decide for yourself? Any one gets hold of you and 
makes you do what they want. And you see through 
them and laugh at them and do it. It's not enough to 
see clearly; I'm muddle-headed and stupid, and not 
worth a quarter of you, but I have tried to do what 
seemed right at the time. And you your brain and 
your insight are splendid. But when you see what's 
right you're too idle to do it. You told jne once that 
we shall be judged by our intention^, not by pur ac- 
rnrnj^sh merits. I thought it a grand remark. But we 
must intend to a^jjmolish not sit intending on a 
cjiair." 

"You are wonderful!" he said gravely. 

"Oh, you appreciate me!" she burst out again. "I 
wish you didn't. You appreciate us all see good in 
all of us. And all the time you are dead dead dead. 
Look, why aren't you angry?" She came up to him,, 
and then her mood suddenly changed, and she took 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 151 

hold of both his hands. "You are so splendid, Mr. 
Herriton, that I can't bear to see you wasted. I can't 
bear she has not been good to you your mother." 

"Miss Abbott, don't worry over me. Some people 
are born not to do things. I'm one of them; I never 
did anything at school or at the Bar. I came out to 
stop Lilia's marriage, and it was too late. I came out 
intending to get the baby, and I shall return an 'hon- 
ourable failure/ I never expect anything to happen 
now, and so I am never disappointed. You would be 
surprised to know what my great events are. Going to 
the theatre yesterday, talking to you now I don't 
suppose I shall ever meet anything greater. I seem 
fated to pass through the world without colliding with 
it or moving it and I'm sure I can't tell you whether 
the fate's good or evil. I don't die I don't fall in love. 
And if other people die or fall in love they always do 
it when I'm just not there. You are quite right; life 
to me is just a spectacle, which thank God, and 
thank Italy, and thank you is now more beautiful 
and heartening than it has ever been before." 

She said solemnly, "I wish something would happen 
to you, my dear friend; I wish something would hap- 
pen to you." 

"But why?" he asked, smiling. "Prove to me why I 
don't do as I am." 

She also smiled, very gravely. She could not prove it. 
No argument existed. Their discourse, splendid as it 
had been, resulted in nothing, and their respective 
opinions and policies were exactly the same when they 
left the church as when they had entered it. 

Harriet was rude at lunch. She called Miss Abbott 
a turncoat and a coward to her face. Miss Abbott 



152 E. M. FORSTER 

resented neither epithet, feeling that one was justified 
and the other not unreasonable. She tried to avoid 
even the suspicion of satire in her replies. But Harriet 
was sure that she was satirical because she was so calm. 
She got more and more violent, and Philip at one time 
feared that she would come to blows. 

"Look here!" he cried, with something of the old 
manner, "it's too hot for this. We've been talking and 
interviewing each other all the morning, and I have 
another interview this afternoon. I do stipulate for 
silence. Let each lady retire to her bedroom with a 
book." 

"I retire to pack," said Harriet. "Please remind Sig- 
nor Carella, Philip, that the baby is to be here by half- 
past eight this evening." 

"Oh, certainly, Harriet. I shall make a point of re- 
minding him." 

"And order a carriage to take us to the evening 
train." 

"And please," said Miss Abbott, "would you order 
a carriage for me too?" 

"You going?" he exclaimed. 

"Of course," she replied, suddenly flushing. "Why 
not?" 

"Why, of course you would be going. Two carriages, 
then. Two carriages for the evening train." He looked 
at his sister hopelessly. "Harriet, whatever are you up 
to? We shall never be ready." 

"Order my carriage for the evening train," said Har- 
riet, and departed. 

"Well, I suppose I shall. And I shall also have my 
interview with Signer Carella." 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 153 

Miss Abbott gave a little sigh. 

"But why should you mind? Do you suppose that 
I shall have the slightest influence over him?" 

"No. But I can't repeat all that I said in the 
church. You ought never to see him again. You ought 
to bundle Harriet into a carriage, not this evening, 
but now, and drive her straight away." 

"Perhaps I ought. But it isn't a very big 'ought/ 
Whatever Harriet and I do the issue is the same. Why, 
I can see the splendour of it even the humour. Gino 
sitting up here on the mountain-top with his cub. We 
come and ask for it. He welcomes us. We ask for it 
again. He is equally pleasant. I'm agreeable to spend 
the whole week bargaining with him. But I know that 
at the end of it I shall descend empty-handed to the 
plains. It might be finer of me to make up my mind. 
But I'm not a fine character. And nothing hangs on 
it." 

"Perhaps I am extreme," she said humbly. "I've 
been trying to run you, just like your mother. I feel 
you ought to fight it out with Harriet. Every little 
trifle, for some reason, does seem incalculably impor- 
tant today, and when you say of a thing that 'nothing 
hangs on it/ it sounds like blasphemy. There's never 
any knowing (how am I to put it?) which of our 
actions, which of our idlenesses won't have things hang- 
ing on it for ever." 

He assented, but her remark had only an aesthetic 
value. He was not prepared to take it to his heart. All 
the afternoon he rested worried, but not exactly 
despondent. The thing would jog out somehow. Prob- 
ably Miss Abbott was right. The baby had better stop 



154 E - M - FORSTER 

where it was loved. And that, probably, was what the 
fates had decreed. He felt little interest in the matter, 
and he was sure that he had no influence. 

It was not surprising, therefore, that the interview 
at the Gaffe Garibaldi came to nothing. Neither of 
them took it very seriously. And before long Gino had 
discovered how things lay, and was ragging his com- 
panion hopelessly. Philip tried to look offended, but 
in the end he had to laugh. "Well, you are right," he 
said. "This affair is being managed by the ladies." 

"Ah, the ladies the ladies!" cried the other, and 
then he roared like a millionaire for two cups of black 
coffee, and insisted on treating his friend, as a sign 
that their strife was over. 

"Well, I have done my best," said Philip, dipping a 
long slice of sugar into his cup, and watching the 
brown liquid ascend into it. "I shall face my mother 
with a good conscience. Will you bear me witness that 
I've done my best?" 

"My poor fellow, I will!" He laid a sympathetic hand 
on Philip's knee. 

"And that I have " The sugar was now impreg- 
nated with coffee, and he bent forward to swallow it. 
As he did so his eyes swept the opposite of the Piazza, 
and he saw there, watching them, Harriet. "Mia so- 
rella!" he exclaimed. Gino, much amused, laid his 
hand upon the little table, and beat the marble humor- 
ously with his fists. Harriet turned away and began 
gloomily to inspect the Palazzo Pubblico. 

"Poor Harriet!" said Philip, swallowing the sugar. 
^One more wrench and it will all be over for her; we 
are leaving this evening." 

Gino was sorry for this. "Then you will not be here 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 155 

this evening as you promised us. All three leaving?" 

"All three/' said Philip, who had not revealed the 
secession of Miss Abbott; "by the night train; at least,, 
that is my sister's plan. So I'm afraid I shan't be here." 

They watched the departing figure of Harriet, and 
then entered upon the final civilities. They shook each 
other warmly by both hands. Philip was to come again 
next year, and to write beforehand. He was to be 
introduced to Gino's wife, for he was told of the mar- 
riage now. He was to be godfather to his next baby. 
As for Gino, he would remember some time that 
Philip liked vermouth. He begged him to give his 
love to Irma. Mrs. Herriton should he send her his 
sympathetic regards? No; perhaps that would hardly 
do. 

So the two young men parted with a good deal of 
genuine affection. For the barrier of language is some- 
times a blessed barrier, which only lets pass what is 
good. Or to put the thing less cynically we may be 
better in new clean words, which have never been 
tainted by our pettiness or vice. Philip, at all events^ 
lived more graciously in Italian, the very phrases of 
which entice one to be happy and kind. It was horrible 
to think of the English of Harriet, whose every word 
would be as hard, as distinct, and as unfinished as a 
lump of coal. 

Harriet, however, talked little. She had seen enough 
to know that her brother had failed again, and with 
unwonted dignity she accepted the situation. She did 
her packing, she wrote up her diary, she made a brown 
paper cover for the new Baedeker. Philip, finding her 
so amenable, tried to discuss their future plans. But 
she only said that they would sleep in Florence, and 



156 E. M. FORSTER 

told him to telegraph for rooms. They had supper 
alone. Miss Abbott did not come down. The land- 
lady told them that Signer Carella had called on Miss 
Abbott to say good-bye, but she, though in, had not 
been able to see him. She also told them that it had 
begun to rain. Harriet sighed, but indicated to her 
brother that he was not responsible. 

The carriages came round at a quarter past eight. It 
was not raining much, but the night was extraordi- 
narily dark, and one of the drivers wanted to go slowly 
to the station. Miss Abbott came down and said that 
she was ready, and would start at once. 

"Yes, do," said Philip, who was standing in the hall. 
"Now that we have quarrelled we scarcely want to 
travel in procession all the way down the hill. Well, 
good-bye; it's all over at last; another scene in my 
pageant has shifted." 

"Good-bye; it's been a great pleasure to see you. I 
hope that won't shift, at all events." She gripped his 
hand. 

"You sound despondent," he said, laughing. "Don't 
forget that you return victorious." 

"I suppose I do," she replied, more despondently 
than ever, and got into the carriage. He concluded 
that she was thinking of her reception at Sawston, 
whither her fame would doubtless precede her. What- 
ever would Mrs. Herriton do? She could make things 
quite unpleasant when she thought it right. She might 
think it right to be silent, but then there was Harriet. 
Who would bridle Harriet's tongue? Between the two 
of them Miss Abbott was bound to have a bad time. 
Her reputation, both for consistency and for moral 
enthusiasm, would be lost for ever. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 157 

"It's hard luck on her/' he thought. "She is a good 
person. I must do for her anything I can." Their in- 
timacy had been very rapid, but he too hoped that it 
would not shift. He believed that he understood her, 
and that she, by now, had seen the worst of him. What 
if after a long time if after all he flushed like a boy 
as he looked after her carriage. 

He went into the dining-room to look for Harriet. 
Harriet was not to be found. Her bedroom, too, was 
empty. All that was left of her was the purple prayer- 
book which lay open on the bed. Philip took it up 
aimlessly, and saw "Blessed be the Lord my God 
who teacheth my hands to war and my fingers to 
fight." He put the book in his pocket, and began to 
brood over more profitable themes. 

Santa Deodata gave out half past eight. All the lug- 
gage was on, and still Harriet had not appeared. "De- 
pend upon it," said the landlady, "she has gone to 
Signer Carella's to say good-bye to her little nephew." 
Philip did not think it likely. They shouted all over 
the house and still there was no Harriet. He began to 
be uneasy. He was helpless without Miss Abbott; her 
grave, kind face had cheered him wonderfully, even 
when it looked displeased. Monteriano was sad with- 
out her; the rain was thickening; the scraps of Doni- 
zetti floated tunelessly out of the wineshops, and of 
the great tower opposite he could only see the base, 
fresh papered with the advertisements of quacks. 

A man came up the street with a note. Philip read, 
'Start at once. Pick me up outside the gate. Pay the 
bearer. H. H." 

"Did the lady give you this note?" he cried. 

The man was unintelligible. 



158 E. M. FORSTER 

"Speak up!" exclaimed Philip. "Who gave it you 
and where?" 

Nothing but horrible sighings and bubblings came 
out of the man. 

"Be patient with him," said the driver, turning 
round on the box. "It :s the poor idiot." And the land- 
lady came out of the hotel and echoed "The poor 
idiot. He cannot speak. He takes messages for us all." 

Philip then saw that the messenger was a ghastly 
creature, quite bald, with trickling eyes and grey 
twitching nose. In another country he would have 
been shut up; here he was accepted as a public insti- 
tution, and part of Nature's scheme. 

"Ugh!" shuddered the Englishman. "Signora pa- 
drona, find out from him; this note is from my sister. 
What does it mean? Where did he see her?" 

"It is no good," said the landlady. "He understands 
everything but he can explain nothing." 

"He has visions of the saints," said the man who 
drove the cab. 

"But my sister where has she gone? How has she 
met him?" 

"She has gone for a walk," asserted the landlady. It 
was a nasty evening, but she was beginning to under- 
stand the English. "She has gone for a walk perhaps 
to wish good-bye to her little nephew. Preferring to 
come back another way, she has sent you this note 
by the poor idiot and is waiting for you outside the 
Siena gate. Many of my guests do this." 

There was nothing to do but to obey the message. 
He shook hands with the landlady, gave the messen- 
ger a nickel piece, and drove away. After a dozen yards 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 159 

the carriage stopped. The poor idiot was running and 
whimpering behind. 

"Go on/' cried Philip. "I have paid him plenty." 

A horrible hand pushed three soldi into his lap. It 
was part of the idiot's malady only to receive what 
was just for his services. This was the change out of 
the nickel piece. 

"Go on!" shouted Philip, and flung the money into 
the road. He was frightened at the episode; the whole 
of life had become unreal. It was a relief to be out of 
the Siena gate. They drew up for a moment on the 
terrace. But there was no sign of Harriet. The driver 
called to the Dogana men. But they had seen no Eng- 
lish lady pass. 

"What am I to do?" he cried; "it is not like the lady 
to be late. We shall miss the train." 

"Let us drive slowly," said the driver, "and you shall 
call her by name as we go." 

So they started down into the night, Philip calling 
"Harriet! Harriet! Harriet!" And there she was, wait- 
ing for them in the wet, at the first turn of the zig- 
zag. 

"Harriet, why don't you answer?" 

"I heard you coming," said she, and got quickly in. 
Not till then did he see that she carried a bundle. 

"What's that?" 

"Hush " 

"Whatever is that?" 

"Hush sleeping." 

Harriet had succeeded where Miss Abbott and 
Philip had failed. It was the baby. 

She would not let him talk. The baby, she re- 



l6o E. M. FORSTER 

peated, was asleep, and she put up an umbrella to 
shield it and her from the rain. He should hear all 
later, so he had to conjecture the course of the won- 
derful interview an interview betwe.cn the South pole 
and the North. It was quite easy to conjecture: 
Gino crumpling up suddenly before the intense con- 
viction of Harriet; being told, perhaps, to his face that 
he was a villain; yielding his only son perhaps for 
money, perhaps for nothing. "Poor Gino/' he thought. 
"He's no greater than I am, after all." 

Then he thought of Miss Abbott, whose carriage 
must be descending the darkness some mile or two 
below them, and his easy self-accusation failed. She, 
too, had conviction; he had felt its force; he would 
feel it again when she knew this day's sombre and un- 
expected close. 

"You have been pretty secret/' he said; "you might 
tell me a little now. What do we pay for him? 
All we've got?" 

"Hush!" answered Harriet, and dandled the bundle 
laboriously, like some bony prophetess Judith, or 
Deborah, or Jael. He had last seen the baby sprawling 
on the knees of Miss Abbott, shining and naked, with 
twenty miles of view behind him, and his father kneel- 
ing by his feet. And that remembrance, together with 
Harriet, and the darkness, and the poor idiot, and the 
silent rain, filled him with sorrow and with the expec- 
tation of sorrow to come. 

Monteriano had long disappeared, and he could see 
nothing but the occasional wet stem of an olive, which 
their lamp illumined as they passed it. They travelled 
quickly, for this driver did not care how fast he went 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 161 

to the station, and would dash down each incline and 
scuttle perilously round the curves. 

"Look here, Harriet/' he said at last, "I feel bad; 
I want to see the baby." 

"Hush!" 

"I don't mind if I do wake him up. I want to see 
him. I've as much right in him as you." 

Harriet gave in. But it was too dark for him to see 
the child's face. "Wait a minute," he whispered, and 
before she could stop him he had lit a match under 
the shelter of her umbrella. "But he's awake!" he 
exclaimed. The match went out. 

"Good ickle quiet boysey, then." 

Philip winced. "His face, do you know, struck me 
as all wrong." 

"All wrong?" 

"All puckered queerly." 

"Of course with the shadows you couldn't see 
him." 

"Well, hold him up again." She did so. He lit an- 
other match. It went out quickly, but not before he 
had seen that the baby was crying. 

"Nonsense," said Harriet sharply. "We should hear 
him if he cried." 

"No, he's crying hard; I thought so before, and I'm 
certain now." 

Harriet touched the child's face. It was bathed in 
tears. "Oh, the night air, I suppose," she said, "or per- 
haps the wet of the rain." 

"I say, you haven't hurt it, or held it the wrong way, 
or anything; it is too uncanny crying and no noise. 
Why didn't you get Perfetta to carry it to the hotel 



l62 E. M. FORSTER 

instead of muddling with the messenger? It's a marvel 
he understood about the note." 

"Oh, he understands." And he could feel her shud- 
der. "He tried to carry the baby " 

"But why not Gino or Perfetta?" 

"Philip, don't talk. Must I say it again? Don't talk. 
The baby wants to sleep." She crooned harshly as they 
descended, and now and then she wiped up the tears 
which welled inexhaustibly from the little eyes. Philip 
looked away, winking at times himself. It was as if 
they were travelling with the whole world's sorrow, as 
if all the mystery, all the persistency of woe were gath- 
ered to a single fount. The roads were now coated 
with mud, and the carriage went more quietly but 
not less swiftly, sliding by long zigzags into the night. 
He knew the landmarks pretty well : here was the cross- 
road to Poggibonsi; and the last view of Monteriano, 
if they had light, would be from here. Soon they ought 
to come to that little wood where violets were so plen- 
tiful in spring. He wished the weather had not 
changed; it was not cold, but the air was extraordi- 
narily damp. It could not be good for the child. 

"I suppose he breathes, and all that sort of thing?" 
he said. 

"Of course," said Harriet, in an angry whisper. 
"You've started him again. I'm certain he was asleep. 
I do wish you wouldn't talk; it makes me so nervous." 

"I'm nervous too. I wish he'd scream. It's too un- 
canny. Poor Gino! I'm terribly sorry for Gino." 

"Are you?" 

"Because he's weak like most of us. He doesn't 
know what he wants. He doesn't grip on to life. But I 
like that man, and I'm sorry for him." 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 163 

Naturally enough she made no answer. 

"You despise him, Harriet, and you despise me. But 
you do us no good by it. We fools want some one to 
set us on our feet. Suppose a really decent woman 
had set up Gino I believe Caroline Abbott might < 
have done it mightn't he have been another man?" 

"Philip," she interrupted, with an attempt at non- 
chalance, "do you happen to have those matches 
handy? We might as well look at the baby again if you 
have." 

The first match blew out immediately. So did the 
second. He suggested that they should stop the car- 
riage and borrow the lamp from the driver. 

"Oh, I don't want all that bother. Try again." 

They entered the little wood as he tried to strike the 
third match. At last it caught. Harriet poised the um- 
brella rightly, and for a full quarter minute they con- 
templated the face that trembled in the light of the 
trembling flame. Then there was a shout and a crash. 
They were lying in the mud in darkness. The carriage 
had overturned. 

Philip was a good deal hurt. He sat up and rocked 
himself to and fro, holding his arm. He could just 
make out the outline of the carriage above him, and 
the outlines of the carriage cushions and of their lug- 
gage upon the grey road. The accident had taken place 
in the wood, where it was even darker than in the 
open. 

"Are you all right?" he managed to say. Harriet was 
screaming, the horse was kicking, the driver was curs- 
ing some other man. 

Harriet's screams became coherent. "The baby the 
baby it slipped it's gone from my arms I stole it!" 



164 E. M. FORSTER 

"God help me!" said Philip. A cold circle came 
round his mouth, and he fainted. 

When he recovered it was still the same confusion. 
The horse was kicking, the baby had not been found, 
and Harriet still screamed like a maniac, "I stole it! I 
stole it! I stole it! It slipped out of my arms!" 

"Keep still!" he commanded the driver. "Let no one 
move. We may tread on it. Keep still." 

For a moment they all obeyed him. He began to 
crawl through the mud, touching first this, then that, 
grasping the cushions by mistake, listening for the faint- 
est whisper that might guide him. He tried to light a 
match, holding the box in his teeth and striking at it 
with the uninjured hand. At last he succeeded, and 
the light fell upon the bundle which he was seeking. 

It had rolled off the road into the wood a little way, 
and had fallen across a great rut. So tiny it was that 
had it fallen lengthways it would have disappeared, 
and he might never have found it. 

"I stole it! I and the idiot no one was there." She 
burst out laughing. 

He sat down and laid it on his knee. Then he tried 
to cleanse the face from the mud and the rain and 
the tears. His arm, he supposed, was broken, but he 
could still move it a little, and for the moment he for- 
got all pain. He was listening not for a cry, but for 
the tick of a heart or the slightest tremor of breath. 

"Where are you?" called a voice. It was Miss Abbott, 
against whose carriage they had collided. She had re- 
lit one of the lamps, and was picking her way towards 
him. 

"Silence!" he called again, and again they obeyed. 
He shook the bundle; he breathed into it; he opened 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 165 

his coat and pressed it against him. Then he listened, 
and heard nothing but the rain and the panting horses, 
and Harriet, who was somewhere chuckling to herself 
in the dark. 

Miss Abbott approached, and took it gently from 
him. The face was already chilly, but thanks to Philip 
it was no longer wet. Nor would it again be wetted by 
any tear. 



CHAPTER IX 

The details of Harriet's crime were never known. In 
her illness she spoke more of the inlaid box that she 
lent to Lilia lent, not given than of recent trou- 
bles. It was clear that she had gone prepared for an 
interview with Gino, and finding him out, she had 
yielded to a grotesque temptation. But how far this 
was the result of ill-temper, to what extent she had 
been fortified by her religion, when and how she had 
met the poor idiot these questions were never an- 
swered, nor did they interest Philip greatly. Detection 
was certain: they would have been arrested by the 
police of Florence or Milan, or at the frontier. As it 
was, they had been stopped in a simpler manner a few 
miles out of the town. 

As yet he could scarcely survey the thing. It was 
too great. Round the Italian baby who had died in 
the mud there centred deep passions and high 
hopes. People had been wicked or wrong in the 
matter; no one save himself had been trivial. Now the 



l66 E. M. FORSTER 

baby had gone, but there remained this vast apparatus 
of pride and pity and love. For the dead, who seemed 
to take away so much, really take with them nothing 
that is ours. The passion they have aroused lives after 
them, easy to transmute or to transfer, but well-nigh 
impossible to destroy. And Philip knew that he was 
still voyaging on the same magnificent, perilous sea, 
with the sun or the clouds above him, and the tides 
below. 

The course of the moment that, at all events, was 

certain. He and no one else must take the news to 

Gino. It was easy to talk of Harriet's crime easy also 

to blame the negligent Perfetta or Mrs. Herriton at 

home. Every one had contributed even Miss Abbott 

and Irma. If one chose, one might consider the catas- 

, trophe composite or the work of fate. But Philip did 

F not so choose. It was his own fault, due to acknowl; 

edged weakness in hisjown character. Therefore he, 

and no one else, must take the news of it to Gino. 

Nothing prevented him. Miss Abbott was engaged 
with Harriet, and people had sprung out of the dark- 
ness and were conducting them towards some cottage. 
Philip had only to get into the uninjured carriage and 
order the driver to return. He was back at Monteriano 
after a two hours' absence. Perfetta was in the house 
now, and greeted him cheerfully. Pain, physical and 
mental, had made him stupid. It was some time before 
he realized that she had never missed the child. 

Gino was still out. The woman took him to the re- 
ception-room, just as she had taken Miss Abbott in 
the morning, and dusted a circle for him on one of 
the horsehair chairs. But it was dark now, so she left 
the guest a little lamp. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 167 

"I will be as quick as I can/' she told him. "But 
there are many streets in Monteriano; he is sometimes 
difficult to find. I could not find him this morning." 

"Go first to the Gaffe Garibaldi/' said Philip, re- 
membering that this was the hour appointed by his 
friends of yesterday. 

He occupied the time he was left alone not in 
thinking there was nothing to think about; he simply 
had to tell a few facts but in trying to make a sling 
for his broken arm. The trouble was in the elbow- joint, 
and as long as he kept this motionless he could go on 
as usual. But inflammation was beginning, and the 
slightest jar gave him agony. The sling was not fitted 
before Gino leapt up the stairs, crying 

"So you are back! How glad I am! We are all wait- 
ing " 

Philip had seen too much to be nervous. In low, 
even tones he told what had happened; and the other, 
also perfectly calm, heard him to the end. In the si- 
lence Perfetta called up that she had forgotten the 
baby's evening milk; she must fetch it. When she had 
gone Gino took up the lamp without a word, and they 
went into the other room. 

"My sister is ill," said Philip, "and Miss Abbott is 
guiltless. I should be glad if you did not have to trou- 
ble them." 

Gino had stooped down by the way, and was feel- 
ing the place where his son had lain. Now and 
then he frowned a little and glanced at Philip. 

"It is through me," he continued. "It happened 
because I was cowardly and idle. I have come to know 
what you will do." 

Gino had left the rug, and began to pat the table 



l68 E. M. FORSTER 

from the end, as if he was blind. The action was so 
uncanny that Philip was driven to intervene. 

"Gently, man, gently; he is not here." 

He went up and touched him on the shoulder. 

He twitched away, and began to pass his hands over 
things more rapidly over the table, the chairs, the 
entire floor, the walls as high as he could reach them. 
Philip had not presumed to comfort him. But now 
the tension was too great he tried. 

"Break down, Gino; you must break down. Scream 
and curse and give in for a little; you must break 
down/' 

There was no reply, and no cessation of the sweep- 
ing hands. 

"It is time to be unhappy. Break down or you will 
be ill like my sister. You will go " 

The tour of the room was over. He had touched 
everything in it except Philip. Now he approached 
him. His face was that of a man who has lost his old 
reason for life and seeks a new one. 

"Gino!" 

He stopped for a moment; then he came nearer. 
Philip stood his ground. 

"You are to do what you like with me, Gino. Your 
son is dead, Gino. He died in my arms, remember. 
It does not excuse me; but he did die in my arms." 

The left hand came forward, slowly this time. It 
hovered before Philip like an insect. Then it descended 
and gripped him by his broken elbow. 

Philip struck out with all the strength of his other 
arm. Gino fell to the blow without a cry or a word. 

"You brute!" exclaimed the Englishman. "Kill me if 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 169 

you like! But just you leave my broken arm alone." 
Then he was seized with remorse, and knelt be- 
side his adversary and tried to revive him. He man- 
aged to raise him up, and propped his body against 
his own. He passed his arm round him. Again he was 
filled with pity and tenderness. He awaited the re- 
vival without fear, sure that both of them were safe at 
last. 

Gino recovered suddenly. His lips moved. For one 
blessed moment it seemed that he was going to speak. 
But he scrambled up in silence, remembering every- 
thing, and he made not towards Philip, but towards 
the lamp. 

"Do what you like; but think first " 

The lamp was tossed across the room, out through 
the loggia. It broke against one of the trees below. 
Philip began to cry out in the dark. 
>- Gino approached from behind and gave him a sharp 
pinch. Philip spun round with a yell. He had only 
been pinched on the back, but he knew what was in 
store for him. He struck out, exhorting the devil to 
fight him, to kill him, to do anything but this. Then 
he stumbled to the door. It was open. He lost his head, 
and, instead of turning down the stairs, he ran across 
the landing into the room opposite. There he lay 
down on the floor between the stove and the skirting- 
board. 

His senses grew sharper. He could hear Gino com- 
ing in on tiptoe. He even knew what was passing in 
his mind, how now he was at fault, now he was hope- 
ful, now he was wondering whether after all the vic- 
tim had not escaped down the stairs. There was a 



17O E. M. FORSTER 

quick swoop above him, and then a low growl like a 
dog's. Gino had broken his finger-nails against the 
stove. 

Physical pain is almost too terrible to bear. We can 
just bear it when it comes by accident or for our good 
as it generally does in modern life except at 
school. But when it is caused by the malignity of a 
man, full grown, fashioned like ourselves, all our con- 
trol disappears. Philip's one thought was to get away 
from that room at whatever sacrifice of nobility or 
pride. 

Gino was now at the further end of the room, grop- 
ing by the little tables. Suddenly the instinct came to 
him. He crawled quickly to where Philip lay and had 
him clean by the elbow. 

The whole arm seemed red-hot, and the broken 
bone grated in the joint, sending out shoots of the 
essence of pain. His other arm was pinioned against 
the wall, and Gino had trampled in behind the stove 
and was kneeling on his legs. For the space of a min- 
ute he yelled and yelled with all the force of his lungs. 
Then this solace was denied him. The other hand, 
moist and strong, began to close round his throat. 

At first he was glad, for here, he thought, was death 
at last. But it was only a new torture; perhaps Gino 
inherited the skill of his ancestors and childlike ruf- 
fians who flung each other from the towers. Just as the 
windpipe closed, the hand fell off, and Philip was re- 
vived by the motion of his arm. And just as he was 
about to faint and gain at last one moment of oblivion, 
the motion stopped, and he would struggle instead 
against the pressure on his throat. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 171 

Vivid pictures were dancing through the pain 
Lilia dying some months back in this very house, Miss 
Abbott bending over the baby, his mother at home, 
now reading evening prayers to the servants. He felt 
that he was growing weaker; his brain wandered; the 
agony did not seem so great. Not all Gino's care could 
indefinitely postpone the end. His yells and gurgles 
became mechanical functions of the tortured flesh 
rather than true notes of indignation and despair. He 
was conscious of a horrid tumbling. Then his arm was 
pulled a little too roughly, and everything was quiet at 
last. 

"But your son is dead, Gino. Your son is dead, dear 
Gino. Your son is dead." 

The room was full of light, and Miss Abbott had 
Gino by the shoulders, holding him down in a chair. 
She was exhausted with the struggle, and her arms 
were trembling. 

"What is the good of another death? What is the 
good of more pain?" 

He too began to tremble. Then he turned and 
looked curiously at Philip, whose face, covered with 
dust and foam, was visible by the stove. Miss Abbott 
allowed him to get up, though she still held him 
firmly. He gave a loud and curious cry a cry of in- 
terrogation it might be called. Below there was the 
noise of Perfetta returning with the baby's milk. 

"Go to him," said Miss Abbott, indicating Philip. 
"Pick him up. Treat him kindly." 

She released him, and he approached Philip slowly. 
His eyes were filling with trouble. He bent down, as if 
he would gently raise him up. 



172 E. M. FORSTER 

"Help! help!" moaned Philip. His body had suffered 
too much from Gino. It could not bear to be touched 
by him. 

Gino seemed to understand. He stopped, crouched 
above him. Miss Abbott herself came forward and 
lifted her friend in her arms. 

"Oh, the foul devil!" he murmured. "Kill him! Kill 
him for me." 

Miss Abbott laid him tenderly on the couch and 
wiped his face. Then she said gravely to them both, 
"This thing stops here." 

"Latte! latte!" cried Perfetta, hilariously ascend- 
ing the stairs. 

"Remember," she continued, "there is to be no re- 
venge. I will have no more intentional evil. We are 
not to fight with each other any more." 

"I shall never forgive him," sighed Philip. 

"Latte! latte freschissima! bianca come neve!" Per- 
fetta came in with another lamp and a little jug. 

Gino spoke for the first time. "Put the milk on the 
table," he said. "It will not be wanted in the other 
room." The peril was over at last. A great sob shook 
the whole body, another followed, and then he gave 
a piercing cry of woe, and stumbled towards Miss Ab- 
bott like a child and clung to her. 

All through the day Miss Abbott had seemed to 
Philip like a goddess, and more than ever did she seem 
so now. Many people look younger and more intimate 
during great emotion. But some there are who look 
older, and remote, and he could not think that there 
was little difference in years, and none in composi- 
tion, between her and the man whose head was laicf 
upon her breast. Her eyes were open, full of infinite 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 173 

pity and full of majesty, as if they discerned the 
boundaries of sorrow, and saw unimaginable tracts 
beyond. Such eyes he had seen in great pictures but 
never in a mortal. Her hands were folded round the 
sufferer, stroking him lightly, for even a goddess can 
do no more than that. And it seemed fitting, too, that 
she should bend her head and touch his forehead 
with her lips. 

V Philip looked away, as he sometimes looked away 
from the great pictures where visible forms suddenly 
become inadequate for the things they have shown 
to us. He was happy; he was assured that there was 
greatness in the world. There came to him an earnest 
desire to be good through the example of this good 
woman. He would try henceforward to be worthy 
of the things she had revealed. Quietly, without hys- 
terical prayers or banging of drums, he underwent 
conversion. He was saved. 

"That milk," said she, "need not be wasted. Take 
it, Signor Carella, and persuade Mr. Herri ton to 
drink." 

Gino obeyed her, and carried the child's milk to 
Philip. And Philip obeyed also and drank. 

"Is there any left?" 

"A little," answered Gino. 

"Then finish it." For she was determined to use 
such remnants as lie about the world. 

"Will you not have some?" 

"I do not care for milk; finish it all." 

"Philip, have you had enough milk?" 

"Yes, thank you, Gino; finish it all." 

He drank the milk, and then, either by accident or 
in some spasm of pain, broke the jug to pieces. Per- 



174 E - M - FORSTER 

fetta exclaimed in bewilderment. "It does not mat- 
ter," he told her. "It does not matter. It will never be 
wanted any more." 



CHAPTER X 

"He will have to marry her/' said Philip. "I heard from 
him this morning, just as we left Milan. He finds he 
has gone too far to back out. It would be expensive. I 
don't know how much he minds not as much as we 
suppose, I think. At all events there's not a word of 
blame in the letter. I don't believe he even feels an- 
gry. I never was so completely forgiven. Ever since 
you stopped him killing me, it has been a .vjision^f 
perfect friendship. He nursed me, he lied for me at 
the inquest, and at the funeral, though he was crying, 
you would have thought it was my son who had died. 
Certainly I was the only person he had to be kind 
to; he was so distressed not to make Harriet's ac- 
quaintance, and that he scarcely saw anything of 
you. In his letter he says so again." 

"Thank him, please, when you write," said Miss 
Abbott, "and give him my kindest regards." 

"Indeed I will." He was surprised that she could 
slide away from the man so easily. For his own part, 
he was bound by ties of almost alarming intimacy. 
Gino had the southern knack of friendship. In the 
intervals of business he would pull out Philip's life, 
turn it inside out, remodel it, and advise him how to 
use it for the best. The sensation was pleasant, for 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 175 

he was a kind as well as a skilful operator. But Philip 
came away feeling that he had not a secret corner left. 
In that very letter Gino had again implored him, as a 
refuge from domestic difficulties, "to marry Miss Ab- 
bott, even if her dowry is small." And how Miss 
Abbott herself, after such tragic intercourse, could 
resume the conventions and send calm messages of 
esteem, was more than he could understand. 

"When will you see him again?" she asked. They 
were standing together in the corridor of the train, 
slowly ascending out of Italy towards the San Gothard 
tunnel. 

"I hope next spring. Perhaps we shall paint Siena 
red for a day or two with some of the new wife's 
money. It was one of the arguments for marrying her." 

"He has no heart," she said severely. "He does not 
really mind about the child at all." 

"No; you're wrong. He does. He is unhappy, like 
the rest of us. But he doesn't try to keep up appear- 
ances as we do. He knows that the things that have 
made him happy once will probably make him happy 
again." 

"He said he would never be happy again." 

"In his passion. Not when he was calm. We Eng- 
lish say it when we are calm when we do not really 
believe it any longer. Gino is not ashamed of incon- 
sistency. It is one of the many things I like him for." 

"Yes; I was wrong. That is so." 

"He's much more honest with himself than I am," 
continued Philip, "and he is honest without an effort 
and without pride. But you, Miss Abbott, what about 
you? Will you be in Italy next spring?" 

"No." 



176 E. M. FORSTER 

"I'm sorry. When will you come back, do you 
think?" 

"I think never." 

"For whatever reason?" He stared at her as if she 
were some monstrosity. 

"Because I understand the place. There is no 
need." 

"Understand Italy!" he exclaimed. 

"Perfectly." 

"Well, I don't. And I don't understand you," he 
murmured to himself, as he paced away from her up 
the corridor. By this time he loved her very much, and 
he could not bear to be puzzled. He had reached love 
by the spiritual path: her thoughts and her goodness 
and her nobility had moved him first, and now her 
whole body and all its gestures had become trans- 
figured by them. The beauties that are called obvious 
the beauties of her hair and her voice and her limbs 
he had noticed these last; Gino, who never trav- 
ersed any path at all, had commended them dispas- 
sionately to his friend. 

Why was he so puzzling? He had known so much 
about her once what she thought, how she felt, the 
reasons for her actions. And now he only knew 
that he loved her, and all the other knowledge 
seemed passing from him just as he needed it most. 
Why would she never come to Italy again? Why had 
she avoided himself and Gino ever since the evening 
that she had saved their lives? The train was nearly 
empty. Harriet slumbered in a compartment by her- 
self. He must ask her these questions now, and he 
returned quickly to her down the corridor. 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 177 

She greeted him with a question of her own. "Are 
your plans decided?" 

"Yes. I can't live at Sawston." 

"Have you told Mrs. Herriton?" 

"I wrote from Monteriano. I tried to explain 
things; but she will never understand me. Her view 
will be that the affair is settled sadly settled since 
the baby is dead. Still it's over; our family circle need 
be vexed no more. She won't even be angry with 
you. You see, you have done us no harm in the long 
run. Unless, of course, you talk about Harriet and 
make a scandal. So that is my plan London and 
work. What is yours?" 

"Poor Harriet!" said Miss Abbott. "As if I dare 
judge Harriet! Or anybody." And without replying 
to Philip's question she left him to visit the other in- 
valid. 

Philip gazed after her mournfully, and then he 
looked mournfully out of the window at the decreas- 
ing streams. All the excitement was over the inquest, 
Harriet's short illness, his own visit to the surgeon. 
He was convalescent, both in body and spirit, but 
convalescence brought no joy. In the looking-glass at 
the end of the corridor he saw his face haggard, 
and his shoulders pulled forward by the weight of the 
sling. Life was greater than he had supposed, but it 
was even less complete. He had seen the need for 
strenuous work and for righteousness. And now he 
saw what a very little way those things would go. 

"Is Harriet going to be all right?" he asked. Miss 
Abbott had come back to him. 

"She will soon be her old self," was the reply. For 
Harriet, after a short paroxysm of illness and remorse, 



178 E. M. FORSTER 

was quickly returning to her normal state. She had 
been "thoroughly upset" as she phrased it, but she 
soon ceased to realize that anything was wrong be- 
yond the death of a poor little child. Already she 
spoke of "this unlucky accident," and "the mysterious 
frustration of one's attempts to make things better." 
Miss Abbott had seen that she was comfortable, and 
had given her a kind kiss. But she returned feeling 
that Harriet, like her mother, considered the affair as 
settled. 

"I'm clear enough about Harriet's future, and about 
parts of my own. But I ask again, What about yours?" 

"Sawston and work," said Miss Abbott. 

"No." 

"Why not?" she asked, smiling. 

"You've seen too much. You've seen as much and 
done more than I have." 

"But it's so different. Of course I shall go to Saw- 
ston. You forget my father; and even if he wasn't 
there, I've a hundred ties: my district I'm neglect- 
ing it shamefully my evening classes, the St. 
James' " 

"Silly nonsense!" he exploded, suddenly moved 
to have the whole thing out with her. "You're too 
good about a thousand times better than I am. You 
can't live in that hole; you must go among people who 
can hope to understand you. I mind for myself: I 
want to see you often again and again." 

"Of course we shall meet whenever you come 
down; and I hope that it will mean often." 

"It's not enough; it'll only be in the old horrible 
way, each with a dozen relatives round us. No, Miss 
Abbott; it's not good enough." 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 179 

"We can write at all events." 

"You will write?" he cried, with a flush of pleas- 
ure. At times his hopes seemed so solid. 

"I will indeed." 

"But I say it's not enough you can't go back to 
the old life if you wanted to. Too much has hap- 
pened." 

"I know that," she said sadly. 

"Not only pain and sorrow, but wonderful things: 
that tower in the sunlight do you remember it, 
and all you said to me? The theatre, even. And the 
next day in the church; and our times with Gino." 

"All the wonderful things are over," she said. 
"That is just where it is." 

"I don't believe it. At all events not for me. The 
most wonderful things may be to come " 

"The wonderful things are over," she repeated, and 
looked at him so mournfully that he dare not con- 
tradict her. The train was crawling up the last ascent 
towards the Campanile of Airolo and the entrance of 
the tunnel. 

"Miss Abbott," he murmured, speaking quickly, as 
if their free intercourse might soon be ended, "what 
is the matter with you? I thought I understood you r 
and I don't. All those two great first days at Mon- 
teriano I read you as clearly as you read me still. I saw 
why you had come, and why you changed sides, and 
afterwards I saw your wonderful courage and pity. 
And now you're frank with me one moment, as you 
used to be, and the next moment you shut me up. 
You see I owe too much to you my life, and I don't 
know what besides. I won't stand it. You've gone too- 
far to turn mysterious. I'll quote what you said to me: 



l8o E. M. FORSTER 

'Don't be mysterious; there isn't the time.' I'll quote 
something else: 'I and my life must be where I live.' 
You can't live at Sawston." 

He had moved her at last. She whispered to herself 

hurriedly. "It is tempting " And those three 

words threw him into a tumult of joy. What was 
tempting to her? After all was the greatest of things 
possible? Perhaps, after long estrangement, after much 
tragedy, the South had brought them together in the 
end. That laughter in the theatre, those silver stars 
in the purple sky, even the violets of a departed 
spring, all had helped, and sorrow had helped also, 
and so had tenderness to others. 

"It is tempting," she repeated, "not to be mysteri- 
ous. I've wanted often to tell you, and then been 
afraid. I could never tell any one else, certainly no 
woman, and I think you're the one man who might 
understand and not be disgusted." 

"Are you lonely?" he whispered. "Is it anything like 
that?" 

"Yes." The train seemed to shake him towards her. 
He was resolved that though a dozen people were 
looking, he would yet take her in his arms. "I'm ter- 
ribly lonely, or I wouldn't speak. I think you must 
know already." Their faces were crimson, as if the 
same thought was surging through them both. 

"Perhaps I do." He came close to her. "Perhaps I 
could speak instead. But if you will say the word 
plainly you'll never be sorry; I will thank you for it all 
my life." 

She said plainly "That I love him." Then she broke 
down. Her body was shaken with sobs, and lest therf 






Where Angels Fear to Tread 181 

should be any doubt she cried between the sobs for 
Gino! Gino! Gino! 

He heard himself remark "Rather! I love him too! 
When I can forget how he hurt me that eve- 
ning. Though whenever we shake hands " One of 

them must have moved a step or two, for when she 
spoke again she was already a little way apart. 

"You've upset me." She stifled something that was 
perilously near hysterics. "I thought I was past all 
this. You're taking it wrongly. I'm in love with Gino 
don't pass it off I mean it crudely you know 
what I mean. So laugh at me." 

"Laugh at love?" asked Philip. 

"Yes. Pull it to pieces. Tell me I'm a fool or worse 
that he's a cad. Say all you said when Lilia fell in 
love with him. That's the help I want. I dare tell you 
this because I like you and because you're without 
passion; you look on life as a spectacle; you don't en- / 
ter it; you only find it funny or beautiful. So I can 
trust you to cure me. Mr. Herriton, isn't it funny?" 
She tried to laugh herself, but became frightened and 
had to stop. "He's not a gentleman, nor a Christian, 
nor good in any way. He's never flattered me nor hon- 
oured me. But because he's handsome, that's been 
enough. The son of an Italian dentist, with a pretty 
face." She repeated the phrase as if it was a charm 
against passion. "Oh, Mr. Herriton, isn't it funny!" 
Then, to his relief, she began to cry. "I love him, and 
I'm not ashamed of it. I love him, and I'm going to 
Sawston, and if I mayn't speak about him to you 
sometimes, I shall die." 

In that terrible discovery Philip managed to think 



182 E. M. FORSTER 

not of himself but of her. He did not lament. He did 
not even speak to her kindly, for he saw that she 
could not stand it. A flippant reply was what she 
asked and needed something flippant and a little cyni- 
cal. And indeed it was the only reply he could trust 
himself to make. 

"Perhaps it is what the books call 'a passing 
fancy'?" 

She shook her head. Even this question was too 
pathetic. For as far as she knew anything about her- 
self, she knew that her passions, once aroused, were 
sure. "If I saw him often," she said, "I might remem- 
ber what he is like. Or he might grow old. But I dare 
not risk it, so nothing can alter me now." 

"Well, if the fancy does pass, let me know." After 
all, he could say what he wanted. 

"Oh, you shall know quick enough." 

"But before you retire to Sawston are you so 
mighty sure?" 

"What of?" She had stopped crying. He was treat- 
ing her exactly as she had hoped. 

"That you and he " He smiled bitterly at the 

thought of them together. Here was the cruel antique 
malice of the gods, such as they once sent forth 
against Pasiphae. Centuries of aspiration and culture 
and the world could not escape it. "I was going to 
say whatever have you got in common?" 

"Nothing except the times we have seen each 
other." Again her face was crimson. He turned his 
own face away. 

"Whichwhich times?" 

'The time I thought you weak and heedless, and 
went instead of vou to get the baby. That began it, 



Where Angels Fear to Tread 183 

as far as I know the beginning. Or it may have begun 
when you took us to the theatre, and I saw him 
mixed up with music and light. But didn't under- 
stand till the morning. Then you opened the door 
and I knew why I had been so happy. Afterwards, in 
the church, I prayed for us all; not for anything new, 
but that we might just be as we were he with the 
child he loved, you and I and Harriet safe out of the 
place and that I might never see him or speak to 
him again. I could have pulled through then the 
thing was only coming near, like a wreath of smoke; it 
hadn't wrapped me round." 

"But through my fault," said Philip solemnly, "he 
is parted from the child he loves. And because my life 
was in danger you came and saw him and spoke to 
him again." For the thing was even greater than she 
imagined. Nobody but himself would ever see round 
it now. And to see round it he was standing at an 
immense distance. He could even be glad that she had 
once held the beloved in her arms. 

"Don't talk of 'faults.' You're my friend for ever, 
Mr. Herriton, I think. Only don't be charitable and 
shift or take the blame. Get over supposing I'm re- 
fined. That's what puzzles you. Get over that." 

As he spoke she seemed to be transfigured, and to 
have indeed no part with refinement or unrefinement 
any longer. Out of this wreck there was revealed to 
him something indestructible something which she, 
who had given it, could never take away. 

"I say again, don't be charitable. If he had asked 
me, I might have given myself body and soul. That 
would have been the end of my rescue party. But all 
through he took me for a superior being a goddess. 



184 E. M. FORSTER 

I who was worshipping every inch of him, and every 
word he spoke. And that saved me." 

Philip's eyes were fixed on the Campanile of Airolo. 
But he saw instead the fair myth of Endymion. This 
woman was a goddess to the end. For her no love 
could be degrading: she stood outside all degrada- 
tion. This episode, which she thought so sordid, and 
which was so tragic for him, remained supremely beau- 
tiful. To such a height was he lifted, that without 
regret he could now have told her that he was her 
worshipper too. But what was the use of telling her? 
For all the wonderful things had happened. 

"Thank you," was all that he permitted himself. 
"Thank you for everything."} 

She looked at him with great friendliness, for he 
had made her life endurable. At that moment the 
train entered the San Gothard tunnel. They hurried 
back to the carriage to close the windows lest the 
smuts should get into Harriet's eyes. 



E. M. FORSTER was born in England in 1879, and at- 
tended King's College, Cambridge, where he later was a 
Fellow for a time. His books include The Longest Journey 
(1907), A Room -with a View (1908), Howards End 
(1910), and A Passage to India (1924). He has also writ- 
ten short stories, biographical studies, and critical essays. 



THIS BOOK is set in Electra, a Linotype face designed by W. A. 
Dwiggins. This face cannot be classified as either modern or old style. 
It is not based on any historical model, nor does it echo any particular 
period or style. It avoids the extreme contrast between thick and thin 
elements that marks most modern faces, and attempts to give a feeling 
of fluidity, power, and speed. The book was composed, printed, od 
bound by THE COLONIAL PRESS INC., Clinton, Massachusetts. 



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V-H2 GIDE, ANDRE Journals, Volume I: 1889-1924 

V-U3 GroE, ANDRE Journals, Volume 11: 1924-1949 

V-3&3 GOLDWATER, ROBERT Primitivism in Modern Art, Revised 

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V-4O2 GOODMAN, PAUL Hawkweed: Poems 

V-4I JAMES, HENRY The Future of the Novel 

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V-230 LEEDOM, WILLIAM The Vintage Wine Book 

V-329 LINDBERGH, ANNE MORROW Gift From the Sea 

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V-I93 MALRAUX, ANDRE Temptation of the West 

V-55 MANN, THOMAS Essays 

V-324 MARITAIN, JACQUES Existence and the Existent 

V-232 MENCKEN, H. L. Treatise on the Gods 

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V-302 MORRIS, JAMES The World of Venice 

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V-40I NIETZSCHE, FRIEDRICH On the Genealogy of Morals and 

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V-54 NICOLSON, HAROLD Some People 

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V-373 PAUSTOVSKY, KONSTANTIN The Story of A Life 

V-372 PRITCHETT, V. S. The Living Novel and Later Apprecia- 
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V-24 RANSOM, JOHN CROWE Poems and Essays 

V-350 ROOT, WAVERLEY The Food of France 

V-366 SHATTUCK, ROGER Proust's Binoculars 

V-278 STEVENS, WALLACE The Necessary Angel 

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V-53 SYNGE, J. M. The Aran Islands and Other Writings 

V-I79 THOMSON, VIRGIL Music Reviewed 1940-1954 (Vintage 

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V-347 WARREN, ROBERT PENN Selected Essays 

V-2^6 WILDE, OSCAR De Profundis (Unexpurgated) 

V-3<5o WIMSATT, W. R. & BROOKS, C. Literary Criticism 



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